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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Scientific Solutions (TRL 5 6 Component)- Underwater Active Acoustic Monitoring Network for Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Scientific Solutions (TRL 5 6 Component) - Underwater Active Acoustic Monitoring Network for Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy

2

Scientific Solutions (TRL 5 6 Component) - Underwater Active...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Scientific Solutions (TRL 5 6 Component) - Underwater Active Acoustic Monitoring Network for Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy 40aamssistein.ppt More Documents &...

3

Spatiotemporal processing and time-reversal for underwater acoustic communications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-rate underwater acoustic communication can be achieved using transmitter/receiver arrays. Underwater acoustic channels can be characterized as rapidly time-varying systems that suffer severe Inter Symbol Interferences ...

Wang, Daniel Y

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Tones for Real: Managing Multipath in Underwater Acoustic Wakeup  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, but acoustic prop- agation is five orders-of-magnitude slower than RF, so propagation times stretch to hundreds. Their success has sparked interest in bringing these characteristics underwater to improve our ability to chart

Heidemann, John

5

An Advanced Channel Framework for Improved Underwater Acoustic Network Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as pollution, climate change and severe weather events is rapidly increasing. At the same time, as ocean underwater sensors, vehicles and devices together using acoustic communication. Network protocol development operation. However, acoustic communication performance is dynamic and dependent upon the environment

Zhou, Shengli

6

Use of high performance computing resources for underwater acoustic modeling.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The majority of standard underwater propagation models provide a two?dimensional (range and depth) acoustic field for a single frequency point source. Computational resource demand increases considerably when the three?dimensional acoustic field of a broad?band spatially extended source is of interest. An upgrade of the standard parabolic equationmodel RAM for use in a high?performance computing (HPC) environment is discussed. A benchmarked upgraded version of RAM is used in the Louisiana Optical Network Initiative HPC?environment to model the three?dimensional acoustic field of a seismic airgun array. Four?dimensional visualization (time and space) of the generated data volume is also addressed. [Research supported by the Louisiana Optical Network Initiative TeraGrid Fellowship and the Joint Industry Programme through the International Association of Oil and Gas Producers.

Anca M. Niculescu; Natalia A. Sidorovskaia; Peter Achi; Arslan M. Tashmukhambetov; George E. Ioup; Juliette W. Ioup

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

The ICoN integrated communication and navigation protocol for underwater acoustic networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The deployment of autonomous underwater devices has increased dramatically in the last several years, presenting a strong and growing need for a network protocol to mediate acoustic communications between devices. This ...

Kanthan, Rupesh R

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Harvesting time-frequency-space diversity with coded modulation for underwater acoustic communications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The goal of this thesis is to design a low-complexity, high data-rate acoustic communications system with robust performance under various channel conditions. The need for robust performance emerges because underwater ...

Pelekanakis, Konstantinos

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

K-distribution fading models for Bayesian estimation of an underwater acoustic channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Current underwater acoustic channel estimation techniques generally apply linear MMSE estimation. This approach is optimal in a mean square error sense under the assumption that the impulse response fluctuations are well ...

Laferriere, Alison Beth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

New underwater acoustic tank facility at Georgia Tech  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A large underwater acoustic tank facility located in the Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering at Georgia Tech has recently been completed. The facility includes a rectangular concrete water tank 25 feet deep 25 feet wide and 34 feet long containing around 160 000 gallons of water. There are three computer?controlled positioners: an x?y?z?? positioner and a z?? positioner mounted on carriages and a bottom mounted rotator. The facility has a large rectangular nearfield array which can be used either as a receiver or a transmitter. A single vertical nearfield line array can be translated by the x?y positioner to synthesize a cylindrical nearfield receiving array. The rectangular nearfield transmitting array and the synthesized cylindrical receiving array were designed to be used with the bottom mounted rotator to measure the true farfield bistatic target strength of any target up to one meter in length as a function of the target aspect angle. Such measurements can be done from 2 kHz to over 10 kHz. The tank is being used for transducer development materials and flow noise studies in addition to structural acoustics. Several available multichannel data acquisition systems will be described. [Work supported in part by a DURIP grant from ONR.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

History of proposed Acoustical Society standard on “Underwater Passive Acoustic Monitoring for Bioacoustic Applications”.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2005 an ASA working group was formed to examine whether a standard should exist for “Passive Acoustic Monitoring for Marine Mammal Mitigation for Seismic Surveys”. Public discussions at subsequent meetings quickly showed that no consensus existed for specifying hardware requirements for passive acoustic measurements but consensus did seem possible for specifying “minimum requirements for recording and reporting bioacoustic data”. The proposed standard was renamed “Underwater Passive Acoustic Monitoring for Bioacoustic Applications” with three defined goals: (1) providing a set of requirements for information to be documented while recording acoustic data at sea (metadata requirements); (2) detailing the minimum information about acoustic hardware and software to be included when reporting results in gray or peer?reviewed literature; and (3) specifying metrics to be used when summarizing the features of an acoustic signal such as signal?to?noise ratio. A set of recommended best?practice procedures and equipment capabilities would also be included as an informative annex. After languishing for several years an attempt is being made to develop the standard further. This presentation describes the ASA standard outlines the development process and sketches the current thinking on the standard with an emphasis on the metrics portion.

Aaron Thode; David K. Mellinger

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Proceedings of the International Conference "Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies & Results" Heraklion, Crete, Greece, 28th  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with entrainments of bubbles of calculated sizes [6] (later augmented by use of the Gabor transform when entrainmentProceedings of the International Conference "Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies the acoustic information was available in order to interpret conditions on Titan. The exercise includes

Sóbester, András

13

Sensitivity of an underwater acoustic array to ultra-high energy neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the maximum energy of protons of cos- mological origin somewhere below 1020 eV, be- cause of the finite (%50Sensitivity of an underwater acoustic array to ultra-high energy neutrinos Nikolai G. Lehtinen the possibility of searching for ultra high energy neutrinos in cosmic rays using acoustic techniques in ocean

Buckingham, Michael

14

Multidelay Model Relating Tide Height to Underwater Acoustic Phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Observed relationships between environmental parameters and underwater acoustic phase were earlier reported and a multi?input nonrealizable model was analyzed showing that among several parameters tide height has the strongest coherence with measured phase fluctuations. This work is concerned with a special case of the above model where the system is single input with a realizable impulse response consisting of few delays. Several cases are considered such as a single delay two or more delays. Among these a special case is found where one of the delays is fixed at zero time (in phase no delay component). Two kinds of results are reported—one where optimization is carried out on all energy bands another where optimization is carried out on selected bands that are least corrupted by noise and the effect of other parameters. The resulting transfer function is calculated and errors from measured values are given individually for each band and also collectively as a figure of merit for that solution. [Work supported by Office of Naval Research Code 468.

Kamal Yacoub; Jose Almeida

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Low complexity multipath and Doppler-shift correction algorithm for reliable underwater Coherent-FSK acoustic modems: short paper  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an innovative algorithm for Doppler-shift and multipath correction in a coherent-FSK modem, which is optimized for acoustic communications in shallow water underwater networks. The final modem will be used in the ANDREA project, whose ... Keywords: Doppler-shift, acoustic modem, multipath correction, underwater networks, wireless sensor networks

A. Sanchez; S. Climent; P. Yuste; A. Perles-Ivars; J. J. Serrano

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Tones for Real: Managing Multipath in Underwater Acoustic Wakeup  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

propagation is five orders-of- magnitude slower than RF, so propagation times stretch to hundreds sparked interest, bring- ing sensing with these characteristics underwater to improve our ability to chart

Heidemann, John

17

Laboratory experiments as demos and projects in the underwater acoustics and sonar course  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Underwater Acoustics and Sonar (SP411) is a 3?h course that is typically offered to Midshipmen in their senior year. General science majors take the course in the fall while the oceanography majors enroll in the spring. A sprinkling of physics electrical engineers ocean engineers and systems majors also populate the course (totaling ?110 students/yr). Since this course is offered without a lab the ‘‘in?class’’ experience has been enhanced with the development (over many years) of our demo carts which surround the classroom. Although Friday is our major ‘‘demo day ’’ demos are performed throughout the week. They motivate the students’ ‘‘out?of?class’’ experimental projects. Demos include: (a) waves on slinkies; (b) Fourier analysis of tones in noise homemade musical instruments; (c) harmonic synthesis; (d) receiver operating characteristics from processed signals in noise; (e) two?element and loudspeaker beam patterns; (f) sound speed versus temperature in water; (g) target strength versus angle of a model sub; (h) Ref. coef. from an Al/water interface; (i) PC?IMAT (interactive multisensor analysis training) simulations of array steering ray tracing active sonar propagation loss; and (j) FM detection and Doppler effects. Students get involved with the measurements have fun and their understanding of underwater sound is greatly enhanced.

Elizabeth L. Simmons; Murray S. Korman

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

History of the Acoustical Society of America’s standard on “Underwater Passive Acoustic Monitoring for Bioacoustic Applications”: Metadata issues.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2005 an ASA working group was formed to examine whether a standard should exist for “Passive Acoustic Monitoring for Marine Mammal Mitigation for Seismic Surveys”. Public discussions at subsequent meetings quickly showed no consensus existed for specifying hardware requirements for passive acoustic measurements but consensus did seem possible for specifying “minimum requirements for recording and reporting bioacoustic data.” The proposed standard was renamed “Underwater Passive Acoustic Monitoring for Bioacoustic Applications” with three defined goals: (1) providing a set of requirements for information to be documented while recording acoustic data at sea (metadata requirements); (2) detailing the minimum information about acoustic hardware and software to be included when reporting results in gray or peer?reviewed literature; and (3) specifying metrics to be used when summarizing the features of an acoustic signal. After languishing for several years an attempt is being made to develop the standard further. This presentation describes what ASA standards are outlines the development process and sketches the current status of the standard with an emphasis on metadata issues.

Aaron Thode; David K. Mellinger

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Design Parameters of a Miniaturized Piezoelectric Underwater Acoustic Transmitter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) project supported by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District, has yielded the smallest acoustic fish tag transmitter commercially available to date. In order to study even smaller fish populations and make the transmitter injectable by needles, the JSATS acoustic micro transmitter needs to be further downsized. As part of the transmitter downsizing effort some of the design parameters of the lead zirconate titanate (PZT) ceramic tube transducer in the transmitter were studied, including the type of PZT, the backing material, the necessary drive voltage, the transmitting bandwidth and the length of the transducer. It was found that, to satisfy the 156-dB source level requirement of JSATS, a square wave with a 10-volt amplitude is required to drive 'soft' PZT transducers. PZT-5H demonstrated the best source level performance. For Navy types I and II, 16 volts or 18 volts were needed. Ethylene-propylene-diene monomer (EPDM) closed-cell foam was found to be the backing material providing the highest source level. The effect of tube length on the source level is also demonstrated in this paper, providing quantitative information for downsizing of small piezoelectric transmitters.

Li, Huidong; Deng, Zhiqun; Yuan, Yong; Carlson, Thomas J.

2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

20

A novel architecture for multihops routing ad hoc underwater acoustic sensor networking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Underwater acoustic communication networks are an innovative issue which faces difficult medium problems such as long propagation time and dynamic network topology. In addition due to high error probabilities typical for this channel it is preferred to use anti collision network mechanism. Because of the long propagation time methods such as CTS/RTS requiring transmissions of pre?messages achieve relatively low network efficiency. Moreover TDMA methods do not utilize the network resources allowing reuse in the code domain (using CDMA) and in the spatial domain in case of nonhomogenic network topology which includes obstructions in the acoustic line of sight. In this paper we introduce a network concept based on the CDMA method confronting the acoustic underwater network challenges such as the “near?far” problem fast time varying topology multihops routing and message distribution protection. Using this concept a sea trial including broadcast multicast and unicast transmissions of SMS and navigation control messages was carried out in various scenarios including multihops near the shores of Israel. We present results from this sea trial demonstrating the efficacy of the proposed networking scheme.

Roee Diamant; Azriel Sinai

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Measurements of the temporal, spatial, and frequency stability of an underwater acoustic channel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements of the stability of an underwater acoustic channel were made at long range (500 km) and relatively low acoustic frequency (206 Hz). The source depth and depth of the two receiving hydrophones were carefully chosen to limit the number of totally refracted acoustic paths. In addition a discrete spectrum coded waveform was transmitted to allow time domain resolution of refracted and reflected arrivals. The results show considerably less channel time spreading than is predicted by recent theoreticalmodels and indicate that coherence bandwidths of 100 Hz are obtainable with proper source and receiver geometry. Received pulses wander systematically with changes in acoustic path length strongly influenced by energy at the frequency of the semidiurnal tide. The spatialcoherence of signals propagated to two receivers separated by 250 m indicates that acoustic paths are similarly modulated by ocean processes with frequencies below the Brunt–Väisälä internal wave cut?off. Above the Brunt–Väisälä frequency coherence is small indicating that processes with space scales much less than 250 m are responsible for path length fluctuations.

W. Jobst; L. Dominijanni

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Environmental-friendly underwater acoustic communications and networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

): plankton, benthic fauna, fish, marine mammals, seabirds, fishing activity, conservation areas and species geological and seismic characterization CO2 corrosion and wellbore fractures large pipe (18") in 2200 m water

Jesus, Sérgio M.

23

Acoustic-gravity waves in ocean and atmosphere generated by an underwater source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Air-water interface becomes anomalously transparent and the power flux in the wave transmitted into the air increases dramatically when a compact sound source in water approaches the interface within a fraction of wavelength [O.A. Godin Phys. Rev. Lett. 97 164301 (2006)]. The anomalous transparency of the ocean-atmosphere interface has important implications for detection of underwater explosions and monitoring of compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. At wave frequencies below 0.1 Hz it becomes necessary to take gravity into account. Then fluid buoyancy and compressibility simultaneously serve as restoring forces and mechanical perturbations in the water and in the air propagate as acoustic-gravity waves (AGW). It was previously shown [I. Fuks and O.A. Godin Proc. OCEANS'11 MTS/IEEE Kona HI Sept. 2011] that in the case of a shallow source in an ocean of an infinite depth a sharp peak in the power flux into air appears at frequencies close to a cutoff frequency of about 4mHz of a surfaceacoustic-gravity wave. In this paper we extend these results to the ocean of a finite depth where the AGWs interact with an elastic bottom.

Iosif Fuks; Oleg A. Godin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Underwater acoustic measurements of an ultrasonic barrier for guidance of American Shad in front of hydroelectric installations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article presents the results of ultrasonic underwater acoustic measurements in a project guide shads during their downstream migration. Biological issues will be explained to allow the context but the focus will be on the acoustic problems. In the spring thousands of shad ascend the St. Lawrence River to spawn downstream of the Central Carillon. After spawning adults return to sea heading toward the dam Rivière-des-Prairies. The configurations of the installed barriers at the Rivière-des-Prairies dam and at the ile Bizard site will be presented. A design of a signal amplifier was performed to optimize the barrier. A series of simulations and acoustic measurements have been conducted for the evaluation of the emission level of the barrier. The measurement strategy must take into account aspects such as high frequency signal (125 kHz) and geolocation measurement to allow achieving a mapping program of the barrier. The paper will describe: The issue biological; The deployment sites; The mechanism of hearing ultrasonic shad; Configuration of the barrier; The measurement system and the analysis of the results; Typical results obtained for mapping acoustic; Future directions in terms of signal measurements of the acoustic barrier.

Francois Lafleur

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Underwater acoustic signal behavior prediction in the region of Kauai Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Behavior of underwater sound propagation over long-ranges has been studied for several decades. The purpose of this is to describe sound propagation phenomena in various ocean environments. The key to understanding and ...

Jai, Wun Hoa Arthur

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Voice of the turtle: The underwater acoustic repertoire of the long-necked freshwater turtle, Chelodina oblonga  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chelodina oblonga is a long-necked freshwater turtle found predominantly in the wetlands on the Swan Coastal Plain of Western Australia. Turtles from three populations were recorded in artificial environments set up to simulate small wetlands. Recordings were undertaken from dawn to midnight. A vocal repertoire of 17 categories was described for these animals with calls consisting of both complex and percussive spectral structures. Vocalizations included clacks clicks squawks hoots short chirps high short chirps medium chirps long chirps high calls cries or wails hooos grunts growls blow bursts staccatos a wild howl and drum rolling. Also a sustained vocalization was recorded during the breeding months consisting of pulse sequences that finished rhythmically. This was hypothesized to function as an acoustic advertisement display. Chelodina oblonga often lives in environments where visibility is restricted due to habitat complexity or poor light transmission due to tannin-staining or turbidity. Thus the use of sound by turtles may be an important communication medium over distances beyond their visual range. This study reports the first records of an underwater acoustic repertoire in an aquatic chelonian.

Jacqueline C. Giles; Jenny A. Davis; Robert D. McCauley; Gerald Kuchling

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Active micromixer using surface acoustic wave streaming  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An active micromixer uses a surface acoustic wave, preferably a Rayleigh wave, propagating on a piezoelectric substrate to induce acoustic streaming in a fluid in a microfluidic channel. The surface acoustic wave can be generated by applying an RF excitation signal to at least one interdigital transducer on the piezoelectric substrate. The active micromixer can rapidly mix quiescent fluids or laminar streams in low Reynolds number flows. The active micromixer has no moving parts (other than the SAW transducer) and is, therefore, more reliable, less damaging to sensitive fluids, and less susceptible to fouling and channel clogging than other types of active and passive micromixers. The active micromixer is adaptable to a wide range of geometries, can be easily fabricated, and can be integrated in a microfluidic system, reducing dead volume. Finally, the active micromixer has on-demand on/off mixing capability and can be operated at low power.

Branch; Darren W. (Albuquerque, NM), Meyer; Grant D. (Ithaca, NY), Craighead; Harold G. (Ithaca, NY)

2011-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

28

State-of-the-Art in Protocol Research for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of human activities on marine ecosystems, and biologi- cal monitoring such as tracking of fishes or micro networks that measure seismic activity from remote locations can provide tsunami warn- ings to coastal

Pompili, Dario

29

State of the Art in Protocol Research for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and nuclear), ocean current and wind mon- itoring, and biological monitoring such as track- ing of fish. · Disaster Prevention. Sensor networks that measure seismic activity from remote locations can provide tsunami warnings to coastal areas, or study the effects of submarine earthquakes (seaquakes). · Seismic

Melodia, Tommaso

30

Multi-Cluster Protocol for Ad Hoc Mobile Underwater Acoustic Networks Francisco Salv-Garau and Milica Stojanovic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of connectivity, successful transmission rate, average delay and energy consumption. Simulation analysis is used of network design is on a scalable multiple access technique which is applicable to varying coverage areas Underwater Vehicles. I. INTRODUCTION Autonomous operations future naval capability (AOFNC) calls

Stojanovic, Milica

31

Blue whale response to underwater noise from commercial ships  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to investigate the effect of ship traffic on ambient noiseThis study investigates the effect of ship noise on signalmaneuvering effects on a surface ship underwater acoustic

McKenna, Megan Frances

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Measuring surface ocean wave height and directional spectra using an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler from an autonomous underwater vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) is a proven technology which is capable of measuring surface wave height and directional information, however it is generally limited to rigid, bottom mounted applications which ...

Haven, Scott

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Underwater Sound Generation Using Carbon Nanotube Projectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The application of solid-state fabricated carbon nanotube sheets as thermoacoustic projectors is extended from air to underwater applications, thereby providing surprising results. While the acoustic generation efficiency of a liquid immersed nanotube ...

Ali E. Aliev; Marcio D. Lima; Shaoli Fang; Ray H. Baughman

2010-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

34

Autonomous adaptive acoustic relay positioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the problem of maximizing underwater acoustic data transmission by adaptively positioning an autonomous mobile relay so as to learn and exploit spatial variations in channel performance. The acoustic channel ...

Cheung, Mei Yi, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

ACOUSTIC POLLUTION HOW HUMAN ACTIVITIES DISRUPT WILDLIFE COMMUNICATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4/17/2011 1 ACOUSTIC POLLUTION HOW HUMAN ACTIVITIES DISRUPT WILDLIFE COMMUNICATION Emily Hockman M.S. Candidate Department of Forestry, Wildlife, and Fisheries 12:20 pm Wednesday, April 13th Room 160 Plant increased anti-predator vocalizations near wind turbines (Rabin et al 2006, Slabbekoorn and Ripmeester 2008

Gray, Matthew

36

Demo 2: Integrated Communications for Underwater Operations By Dale Green  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demo 2: Integrated Communications for Underwater Operations By Dale Green Teledyne Benthos Inc. New forms of navigation aids for underwater vehicles are enabled through the use of acoustic communications for accomplishing these navigation functions simultaneously with a variety of communications functions. Each

Zhou, Shengli

37

A parallel hypothesis method of autonomous underwater vehicle navigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research presents a parallel hypothesis method for autonomous underwater vehicle navigation that enables a vehicle to expand the operating envelope of existing long baseline acoustic navigation systems by incorporating ...

LaPointe, Cara Elizabeth Grupe

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

THE ACOUSTIC CUTOFF FREQUENCY OF THE SUN AND THE SOLAR MAGNETIC ACTIVITY CYCLE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The acoustic cutoff frequency-the highest frequency for acoustic solar eigenmodes-is an important parameter of the solar atmosphere as it determines the upper boundary of the p-mode resonant cavities. At frequencies beyond this value, acoustic disturbances are no longer trapped but are traveling waves. Interference among them gives rise to higher-frequency peaks-the pseudomodes-in the solar acoustic spectrum. The pseudomodes are shifted slightly in frequency with respect to p-modes, making possible the use of pseudomodes to determine the acoustic cutoff frequency. Using data from the GOLF and VIRGO instruments on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory spacecraft, we calculate the acoustic cutoff frequency using the coherence function between both the velocity and intensity sets of data. By using data gathered by these instruments during the entire lifetime of the mission (1996 until the present), a variation in the acoustic cutoff frequency with the solar magnetic activity cycle is found.

Jimenez, A.; Palle, P. L. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Garcia, R. A. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM-CNRS, Universite Paris 7 Diderot, IRFU/Sap, Centre de Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

39

Identifying Neural Correlates of Tinnitus: Consequences of Acoustic Trauma on Inferior Colliculus Activity in Unanesthetized Rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in spontaneous neural activity in the inferior colliculus of awake, freely moving rats following acoustic trauma. We were able to measure levels of spontaneous activity (SA) following acoustic trauma with the use of both single unit electrophysiology and 14C-2...

Kennon-McGill, Stefanie

2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

40

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, ACCEPTED FOR PUBLICATION 1 A QoS-aware Underwater Optimization Framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, ACCEPTED FOR PUBLICATION 1 A QoS-aware Underwater.1- 1 s). Mobile Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) can conserve energy by waiting for the `best the frequency- dependent radiation pattern of underwater acoustic transducers to reduce communication energy

Pompili, Dario

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) path planning and adaptive on-board routing for adaptive rapid environmental assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In shallow water, a large part of underwater acoustic prediction uncertainties are induced by sub-meso-to-small scale oceanographic variabilities. Conventional oceanographic measurements for capturing such ocean-acoustic ...

Wang, Ding, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Underwater manipulator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Self-contained, waterproof, water-submersible, remote-controlled apparatus is provided for manipulating a device, such as an ultrasonic transducer for measuring crack propagation on an underwater specimen undergoing shock testing. The subject manipulator includes metal bellows for transmittal of angular motions without the use of rotating shaft seals or O-rings. Inside the manipulator, a first stepper motor controls angular movement. In the preferred embodiment, the bellows permit the first stepper motor to move an ultrasonic transducer .+-.45 degrees in a first plane and a second bellows permit a second stepper motor to move the transducer .+-.10 degrees in a second plane orthogonal to the first. In addition, an XY motor-driven table provides XY motion.

Schrum, Phillip B. (Clairton, PA); Cohen, George H. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Underwater manipulator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Self-contained, waterproof, water-submersible, remote-controlled apparatus is described for manipulating a device, such as an ultrasonic transducer for measuring crack propagation on an underwater specimen undergoing shock testing. The subject manipulator includes metal bellows for transmittal of angular motions without the use of rotating shaft seals or O-rings. Inside the manipulator, a first stepper motor controls angular movement. In the preferred embodiment, the bellows permit the first stepper motor to move an ultrasonic transducer [plus minus]45 degrees in a first plane and a second bellows permit a second stepper motor to move the transducer [plus minus]10 degrees in a second plane orthogonal to the first. In addition, an XY motor-driven table provides XY motion.

Schrum, P.B.; Cohen, G.H.

1993-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

44

Acoustics at University of Texas: History and current introductory course in physical acoustics.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As an academic discipline at the University of Texas acoustics began in the 1930s under C. Paul Boner in Physics and Lloyd A. Jeffress in Psychology. World War II saw Boner and many physicsgraduate students go to Harvard for “war work ” largely in underwater acoustics. When the war ended Boner returned and founded the Defense Research Laboratory later named Applied Research Laboratories. Interest in acoustics grew in Physics during the postwar years but eventually waned in the 1950s and 1960s. Acoustical activity developed in the 1960s in the College of Engineering chiefly Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering. Today physical and engineering acoustics is a strong interdisciplinary program at Texas with faculty in several departments in Engineering and still a vestige in Physics. In addition much work on speech hearing and music is done in other parts of the University. Engineering features two basic courses in physical acoustics Acoustics I and II and five specialty courses which are described in an accompanying paper. Here we concentrate on Acoustics I and II which provide an introduction to propagation reflection and transmission refraction normal modes horn theory propagation in stratified fluids absorption and dispersion waveguides directional radiation diffraction and arrays.

David T. Blackstock

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

061212-009 1 Abstract--A new generation of Autonomous Underwater  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

061212-009 1 Abstract-- A new generation of Autonomous Underwater Gliders is currently being-product of the project will be an autonomous powered glider that collects video, acoustic, and physical data scientific surveys will be performed to test the abilities of the new autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV

Wood, Stephen L.

46

Submesoscale Coastal Ocean Flows Detected By Very High Frequency Radar and Autonomous Underwater Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Submesoscale Coastal Ocean Flows Detected By Very High Frequency Radar and Autonomous Underwater, autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV), equipped with upward and downward- looking 1.2 MHz Acoustic Doppler and seven snapshots were subsequently time-averaged to form a mean profile from each experiment. In the down-wind

Shay, Lynn K. "Nick"

47

Passive and Active Acoustics Using an Autonomous Wave Glider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Resources Engineering, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 e-mail: bhowe@hawaii.edu Lee the dependence on hydrophone location and sea state. Using the same instrumentation, we demonstrate the ability; it is mobile, provides ample solar power for per- sistent deployments, emits very little acoustic energy

Frandsen, Jannette B.

48

Subsurface Glider Localization Using Broadband Acoustic Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Researcher, ORE Abstract Ocean gliders are low-power, buoyancy-driven, autonomous underwater vehicles inherent in broadband ocean acoustic tomography signals, this uncertainty can be reduced by 1-2 orders

Frandsen, Jannette B.

49

Precision autonomous underwater navigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deep-sea archaeology, an emerging application of autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) technology, requires precise navigation and guidance. As science requirements and engineering capabilities converge, navigating in the ...

Bingham, Brian S. (Brian Steven), 1973-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Adaptive RTT-driven Transport-layer Flow and Error Control Protocol for QoS Guaranteed Image Transmission over Multi-hop Underwater Wireless Networks: Design, Implementation, and Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the rapid advances in data transmission over various advanced underwater acoustic networks, it is important to develop the efficient protocol to obtain a high data-rate with Quality of Service (QoS) guarantee requirements for acoustic wireless...

Li, Jiahao

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

51

Analysis of Algorithms for Multi-Modal Communications in Underwater Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acoustic messaging and the depth adjustment system still dominate the overall energy usage. For a given energy usage and packet loss into account. We perform an analysis of the algorithms and show,m_orourke@u.pacific.edu,carrick@cse.unl.edu ABSTRACT Acoustic communication typically dominates the power us- age in underwater sensor networks

Farritor, Shane

52

3D acoustic imaging applied to the Baikal Neutrino Telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A hydro-acoustic imaging system was tested in a pilot study on distant localization of elements of the Baikal underwater neutrino telescope. For this innovative approach, based on broad band acoustic echo signals and strictly avoiding any active acoustic elements on the telescope, the imaging system was temporarily installed just below the ice surface, while the telescope stayed in its standard position at 1100 m depth. The system comprised an antenna with four acoustic projectors positioned at the corners of a 50 meter square; acoustic pulses were "linear sweep-spread signals" - multiple-modulated wide-band signals (10-22 kHz) of 51.2 s duration. Three large objects (two string buoys and the central electronics module) were localized by the 3D acoustic imaging, with a accuracy of ~0.2 m (along the beam) and ~1.0 m (transverse). We discuss signal forms and parameters necessary for improved 3D acoustic imaging of the telescope, and suggest a layout of a possible stationary bottom based 3D imaging setup. The presented technique may be of interest for neutrino telescopes of km3-scale and beyond, as a flexible temporary or as a stationary tool to localize basic telescope elements, while these are completely passive.

K. G. Kebkal; R. Bannasch; O. G. Kebkal; A. I. Panfilov; R. Wischnewski

2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

53

Receiver designs for multiuser underwater acoustic communications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

compensate for the Doppler effect. The receiver discussed in? p = ? p /? p . The Doppler effect compresses or dilateschar- acterizes the Doppler effect in narrowband systems (W

Cho, Steve E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

BodyScope: A Wearable Acoustic Sensor for Activity Recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, speaking, laughing, and coughing. The F-measure of the Support Vector Machine classification of 12 of activities (e.g., eating, drinking, speaking, laughing and coughing) with BodyScope reveals that the system

Toronto, University of

55

MHD wave refraction and the acoustic halo effect around solar active regions - a 3D study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An enhancement in high-frequency acoustic power is commonly observed in the solar photosphere and chromosphere surrounding magnetic active regions. We perform 3D linear forward wave modelling with a simple wavelet pulse acoustic source to ascertain whether the formation of the acoustic halo is caused by MHD mode conversion through regions of moderate and inclined magnetic fields. This conversion type is most efficient when high frequency waves from below intersect magnetic field lines at a large angle. We find a strong relationship between halo formation and the equipartition surface at which the Alfv\\'en speed $a$ matches the sound speed $c$, lending support to the theory that photospheric and chromospheric halo enhancement is due to the creation and subsequent reflection of magnetically dominated fast waves from essentially acoustic waves as they cross $a=c$. In simulations where we have capped $a$ such that waves are not permitted to refract after reaching the $a=c$ height, halos are non-existent, which su...

Rijs, Carlos; Przybylski, Damien; Cally, Paul S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Oxygen in Underwater Cave  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oxygen in Underwater Cave Oxygen in Underwater Cave Name: Natalie Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: HI Country: USA Date: Spring 2011 Question: Is it possible for there to be free oxygen in an underwater cave? If it is, then how does it work? Replies: Yes it is possible as I have personally experienced. If the cave roof rises to a level above the water, air dissolved in the water will slowly out gas until the water is at the same level at all places. A pocket of breathable air will form. In many caves the roof dips below water level in one place but it above it on both sides. Think of a U shaped tube where the bottom of the U is blocked by water. This is called a siphon and I have passed through many of these to find breathable air on the other side. R. W. "Bob" Avakian Oklahoma State Univ. Inst. of Technology

57

Role of acoustical technology in the development of new energy sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During the past five years considerable progress has been made in the control and abatement of excessive and/or harmful noise as well as vibration associated with the transportation construction and industrial activities and systems. This has been a definite contribution of acoustics towards improving the quality of our environment and community life alike. A similar kind of concerted effort is required whereby the know1edge of acoustics can be advantageously utilized in the development of much?needed new energy sources. Among the more challenging acoustical technologies available during exploration detection and identification of new conventional and non?conventional energy sources are those utilizing ultrasonic electroacoustics underwater acoustics and geoacoustics principles and/or disciplines. For example echo?sounding has been effectively used in the detection and assessment of marine resources. In the same way acousti?coring and seismic reflection techniques have been successfully employed during the exploration and detection phases associated with “mining geology” and “marine sediments.” However the most attractive area of new energy source development where acoustical technology can best be utilized appears to be in the exploration of active "geothermal" sites. The ground noise(seismic)measurements utilizing sensitive and precision acoustical instrumentation can tremendously accelerate development of this important untapped and nonpolluting form of natural energy. This paper reviews the interaction of acoustics with new energy resource development programs.

A. G. Jhaveri

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

History of structural acoustics and vibrations in the Acoustical Society of America  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structural acoustics refers to the interaction of sound and structures—the response of structures to sound the radiation of sound from vibrating structures and the effect of the acoustic medium on the structural vibrations. Interest in these subjects increased greatly during the 1930s and 40s because of practical applications in the design of microphones and loud speakers used in telephones radios and electronic phonographs. The combination of electrical and mechanical systems lead to the use of electrical engineering concepts such as impedance circuits and electrical analogies in the analysis of mechanical systems. In later years much of the work dealt with various aspects of underwater structures prompted by U.S. Navy interests. The field which began with classical analytical mechanics applications has progressed to new approaches including statistical energy analysis near?field acoustical holography fuzzy structures active control of vibrations and smart materials. In recognition of these new developments the name of the technical committee was changed in 1987 from ‘‘Shock and Vibration’’ to ‘‘Structural Acoustics and Vibration.’’

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Active acoustic monitoring systems for detecting, localizing, tracking, and classifying marine mammals and fish.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Detection localization tracking and classification (DLTC) of marine mammals and fish is necessary for a wide range of bioacoustic studies. This includes those related to understanding anthropogenic effects and to the development of methods for mitigating harm. Active acoustic monitoring (AAM) is a robust method for monitoring marine life as it can detect and accurately localize a silent target enabling full DLTC. With the growth of the offshore renewable energy industry and the need to mitigate harm from pile driving seismic surveys and military sonar operations there is strong interest in developing AAM systems and integrating them with current mitigation techniques. There are a host of significant issues including the standard sonar problems of reverberation and propagation in high?clutter shallow water environments false alarms classification methods of deployment and cost. Furthermore AAM systems transmit acoustic energy that has the potential to disturb marine life. Much work lies ahead to develop systems that balance the risks benefits performance and costs. This paper will review the status and issues of AAM systems. This includes a discussion of implemented near?field (imaging) and far?field (tracking) systems experimental results and plans for further development testing integration and permitting.

Peter J. Stein

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

A Mission Controller for High Level Control of Autonomous and Semi-Autonomous Underwater  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Mission Controller for High Level Control of Autonomous and Semi-Autonomous Underwater Vehicles to provide high-level control for autonomous and semi- autonomous vehicle operation. The mission controller autonomous AUVs, acoustically controlled AUVs and a new class of hybrid vehicle capable of operating both

Whitcomb, Louis L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Multi-Modal Communications in Underwater Sensor Networks Using Depth Adjustment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

taking energy usage into account. We perform a preliminary analysis of the methods and show counterparts for minimizing energy usage and minimizing hop count. We find that while there are cer- tainly Acoustic communication typically dominates the power us- age in underwater sensor networks. As networks

Farritor, Shane

62

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic source strength Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Underwater Vehicles Laboratory, MIT Sea Grant Collection: Engineering 80 Vibro-Acoustics Consortium Assessment of Numerical Models and Summary: sources BE mesh r vn p A r ej t kr...

63

Impact on acoustic propagation by internal waves and tides in the region of shelf and slope.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Internal waves (IWS) and tidal activities were investigated in the South China Sea (SCS) and the northeastern seas of Taiwan. These oceanic processes cause large fluctuations and impact on underwater acoustic propagation. These effects include two?dimensional (2?D) and three?dimensional (3?D) effects. The 2?D and 3?D effects are related to the angle between the directions of sound propagation and IW front. When the IW front are from 20 to 90 deg with respect to the acoustic propagation direction acoustic mode coupling is the dominant factor which could be sufficiently predicted by the N×2D simulations. Acoustic energy is exchanged between modes and is re?distributed among the water columns. However when the angles between the wave front and the acoustic wave propagation are 0–20 deg the horizontal refraction effect dominates over mode coupling and the fully 3?D calculation is needed. The acoustic energy would be refracted as a consequence resulting in energy focusing and defocusing. These effects are clearly seen by the series of data collected in the SCS and the region of Northern East of Taiwan. Computer modeling results are used to manifest experiment data results in this research. [This work is supported by National Science Council of Taiwan.

Chi?Fang Chen; Yung?Sheng Linus Chiu; Yuan?Ying Chang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Volatile liquid hydrocarbon characterization of underwater hydrocarbon vents and formation waters from offshore production operations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Volatile liquid hydrocarbon characterization of underwater hydrocarbon vents and formation waters from offshore production operations ... The environmental implications of offshore oil and gas activities ... The environmental implications of offshore oil and gas activities ...

Theodor C. Sauer

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

NW-MILO Acoustic Data Collection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is an enduring requirement to improve our ability to detect potential threats and discriminate these from the legitimate commercial and recreational activity ongoing in the nearshore/littoral portion of the maritime domain. The Northwest Maritime Information and Littoral Operations (NW-MILO) Program at PNNL’s Coastal Security Institute in Sequim, Washington is establishing a methodology to detect and classify these threats - in part through developing a better understanding of acoustic signatures in a near-shore environment. The purpose of the acoustic data collection described here is to investigate the acoustic signatures of small vessels. The data is being recorded continuously, 24 hours a day, along with radar track data and imagery. The recording began in August 2008, and to date the data contains tens of thousands of signals from small vessels recorded in a variety of environmental conditions. The quantity and variety of this data collection, with the supporting imagery and radar track data, makes it particularly useful for the development of robust acoustic signature models and advanced algorithms for signal classification and information extraction. The underwater acoustic sensing system is part of a multi-modal sensing system that is operating near the mouth of Sequim Bay. Sequim Bay opens onto the Straight of Juan de Fuca, which contains part of the border between the U.S. and Canada. Table 1 lists the specific components used for the NW-MILO system. The acoustic sensor is a hydrophone permanently deployed at a mean depth of about 3 meters. In addition to a hydrophone, the other sensors in the system are a marine radar, an electro-optical (EO) camera and an infra-red (IR) camera. The radar is integrated with a vessel tracking system (VTS) that provides position, speed and heading information. The data from all the sensors is recorded and saved to a central server. The data has been validated in terms of its usability for characterizing the signatures of small vessels. The sampling rate of 8 kHz and low pass filtering to 2 kHz results in an alias-free signal in the frequency band that is appropriate for small vessels. Calibration was performed using a Lubell underwater speaker so that the raw data signal levels can be converted to sound pressure. Background noise is present due to a nearby pump and as a result of tidal currents. More study is needed to fully characterize the noise, but it does not pose an obstacle to using the acoustic data for the purposes of vessel detection and signature analysis. The detection range for a small vessel was estimated using the calibrated voltage response of the system and a cylindrical spreading model for transmission loss. The sound pressure of a typical vessel with an outboard motor was found to be around 140 dB mPa, and could theoretically be detected from 10 km away. In practical terms, a small vessel could reliably be detected from 3 - 5 km away. The data is archived in netCDF files, a standard scientific file format that is "self describing". This means that each data file contains the metadata - timestamps, units, origin, etc. - needed to make the data meaningful and portable. Other file formats, such as XML, are also supported. A visualization tool has been developed to view the acoustic data in the form of spectrograms, along with the coincident radar track data and camera images.

Matzner, Shari; Myers, Joshua R.; Maxwell, Adam R.; Jones, Mark E.

2010-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

66

Acoustics in the Klebanoff-Saric Wind Tunnel: Background Identification, Forcing, and Active Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that dominate the pressure spectrum. Directional separation of waves in the test section revealed that motor and blade passing noise travels primarily upstream into the test section. Finally, the acoustic treatments in the plenum are effective at removing sound...

Kuester, Matthew

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

67

The science of underwater sound: Education, communication, and outreach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As a complex scientific topic underwater sound can be challenging for scientists to discuss and effectively communicate with non-science audiences. Educational audiences span formal K-16 classrooms to museum and aquarium visitors. The science of sound is often included in upper middle school physical sciences curricula high school physics classes and undergraduate and graduate university courses which can take advantage of calculus to support student understanding. Communicating with the media presents other challenges: pressing or immediate deadlines; a need to deliver eye-catching flashy pieces that capture reader attention; and a general lack of fundamental knowledge of underwater sound by readers. Scientists must be proactive in their engagement with media to ensure good fundamental science is communicated and to increase useful stories about new developments in underwater sound research. Regulators and other decision-makers are also pressed for time when contemplating a topic yet they need the most up-to-date scientific findings to support their decision-making. This talk will provide an overview of the challenges that ocean acoustic specialists face when trying to communicate the results of their research and meet the needs of diverse audiences. In addition strategies and possible solutions will be discussed.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

UNDERWATER COATINGS FOR CONTAMINATION CONTROL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) deactivated several aging nuclear fuel storage basins. Planners for this effort were greatly concerned that radioactive contamination present on the basin walls could become airborne as the sides of the basins became exposed during deactivation and allowed to dry after water removal. One way to control this airborne contamination was to fix the contamination in place while the pool walls were still submerged. There are many underwater coatings available on the market for marine, naval and other applications. A series of tests were run to determine whether the candidate underwater fixatives were easily applied and adhered well to the substrates (pool wall materials) found in INL fuel pools. Lab-scale experiments were conducted by applying fourteen different commercial underwater coatings to four substrate materials representative of the storage basin construction materials, and evaluating their performance. The coupons included bare concrete, epoxy painted concrete, epoxy painted carbon steel, and stainless steel. The evaluation criteria included ease of application, adherence to the four surfaces of interest, no change on water clarity or chemistry, non-hazardous in final applied form and be proven in underwater applications. A proprietary two-part, underwater epoxy owned by S. G. Pinney and Associates was selected from the underwater coatings tested for application to all four pools. Divers scrubbed loose contamination off the basin walls and floors using a ship hull scrubber and vacuumed up the sludge. The divers then applied the coating using a special powered roller with two separate heated hoses that allowed the epoxy to mix at the roller surface was used to eliminate pot time concerns. The walls were successfully coated and water was removed from the pools with no detectable airborne contamination releases.

Julia L. Tripp; Kip Archibald; Ann Marie Phillips; Joseph Campbell

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Active control of passive acoustic fields: Passive synthetic apertureDoppler beamforming with data from an autonomous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from an autonomous vehicle Gerald L. D'Spain,a Eric Terrill, C. David Chadwell, Jerome A. Smith August 2006 The maneuverability of autonomous underwater vehicles AUVs equipped with hull-mounted arrays

Smith, Jerome A.

70

Comparison of simulations and data from a seismo-acoustic tank Jon M. Collisa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of simulations and data from a seismo-acoustic tank experiment Jon M. Collisa; revised 16 June 2007; accepted 19 June 2007 A tank experiment was carried out to investigate underwater surface backscattering.16 Although tank experiments of acoustic propagation have established

71

Autonomous Underwater Gliders Wood, Stephen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

substances in the ocean such as chemicals from an underwater vent or toxic algae such as red tide of the ocean to harness the energy to change the vehicle's buoyancy, 3) those that are able to use other means of power such as ocean wave energy, and 4) hybrid vehicles that use standard propulsion systems and glider

Wood, Stephen L.

72

Dynamic Acoustic Control of Individual Optically Active Quantum Dot-like Emission Centers in Heterostructure Nanowires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We probe and control the optical properties of emission centers forming in radial het- erostructure GaAs-Al0.3Ga0.7As nanowires and show that these emitters, located in Al0.3Ga0.7As layers, can exhibit quantum-dot like characteristics. We employ a radio frequency surface acoustic wave to dynamically control their emission energy and occupancy state on a nanosec- ond timescale. In the spectral oscillations we identify unambiguous signatures arising from both the mechanical and electrical component of the surface acoustic wave. In addition, differ- ent emission lines of a single quantum dot exhibit pronounced anti-correlated intensity oscilla- tions during the acoustic cycle. These arise from a dynamically triggered carrier extraction out of the quantum dot to a continuum in the radial heterostructure. Using finite element modeling and Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin theory we identify quantum tunneling as the underlying mech- anism. These simulation results quantitatively reproduce the observed switching and show th...

Weiß, Matthias; Schülein, Florian J R; Heigl, Michael; Rudolph, Daniel; Morkötter, Stefanie; Döblinger, Markus; Bichler, Max; Abstreiter, Gerhard; Finley, Jonathan J; Koblmüller, Gregor; Wixforth, Achim; Krenner, Hubert J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Underwater Lighting by Submerged Lasers and Incandescent Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and collimated underwater incandescent projector. The laser-collimated underwater incandescent projector used for beamBY SUBMERGED LASERS and Incandescent Sources DESCRIPTIVE

Duntley, Seibert Q

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

On observing acoustic backscattering from salinity turbulence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been hypothesized that at sufficiently high levels of oceanic salinity turbulence it should be possible to observe acoustic backscattering. However there have been limited in situmeasurements to confirm this hypothesis. Using an autonomous underwater vehicle equipped with upward and downward looking 1.2 MHz acoustic Doppler current profilers and with turbulence and fine scale sensors measurements were performed in a region of intense turbulence and a strong salinity gradient. The approach taken was to correlate variations in the backscattered acoustic intensity I with a theoretical acoustic backscattering cross section per volume for salinity turbulence ? s to obtain an estimated scattering cross section per volume ? e . Results indicated that of order 50% of the observed region was characterized by salinity turbulence induced backscattering.

Louis Goodman; Marcos M. Sastre-Córdova

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Underwater Coatings for Contamination Control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) is deactivating several fuel storage basins. Airborne contamination is a concern when the sides of the basins are exposed and allowed to dry during water removal. One way of controlling this airborne contamination is to fix the contamination in place while the pool walls are still submerged. There are many underwater coatings available on the market that are used in marine, naval and other applications. A series of tests were run to determine whether the candidate underwater fixatives are easily applied and adhere well to the substrates (pool wall materials) found in INEEL fuel pools. The four pools considered included 1) Test Area North (TAN-607) with epoxy painted concrete walls; 2) Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) (CPP-603) with bare concrete walls; 3) Materials Test Reactor (MTR) Canal with stainless steel lined concrete walls; and 4) Power Burst Facility (PBF-620) with stainless steel lined concrete walls on the bottom and epoxy painted carbon steel lined walls on the upper portions. Therefore, the four materials chosen for testing included bare concrete, epoxy painted concrete, epoxy painted carbon steel, and stainless steel. The typical water temperature of the pools varies from 55oF to 80oF dependent on the pool and the season. These tests were done at room temperature. The following criteria were used during this evaluation. The underwater coating must: · Be easy to apply · Adhere well to the four surfaces of interest · Not change or have a negative impact on water chemistry or clarity · Not be hazardous in final applied form · Be proven in other underwater applications. In addition, it is desirable for the coating to have a high pigment or high cross-link density to prevent radiation from penetrating. This paper will detail the testing completed and the test results. A proprietary two-part, underwater epoxy owned by S. G. Pinney and Associates was selected to be applied by divers after scrubbing loose contamination off the basin walls and floors using a ship hull scrubber and vacuuming up the sludge. A special powered roller with two separate heated hoses that allowed the epoxy to mix at the roller surface was used to eliminate pot time concerns. The walls were successfully coated and water was removed from the pool with no airborne contamination problems.

Julia L. Tripp; Kip Archibald; Ann-Marie Phillips; Joseph Campbell

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Artificial Bubble Cloud Targets for Underwater Acoustic Remote Sensing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article describes a technique that uses polymer additives to suspend air bubbles to form stable artificial bubble clouds. The results presented include the range of polymer concentrations for an effective bubble suspension; the void fraction,...

Paul A. Hwang; Ronald A. Roy; Lawrence A. Crum

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Infrared dielectric properties of Ga1-xAlxAs: Disorder-activated longitudinal-and transverse-acoustic modes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a calculation of the infrared dielectric response of Ga1-xAlxAs. A reference density of vibrational states is calculated in the virtual-crystal approximation with a Born—von Kármán force model. The mass disorder and an additional core-shell internal degree of freedom are then simultaneously accounted for in an extended coherent-potential approximation. Finally, an effective susceptibility is derived; adding the local-field effects gives the dielectric function. The optical spectrum evidences two main optical resonances: one rather GaAs-like, and the other rather AlAs-like. In addition, the model predicts the occurrence of two weak optical bands, which are interpreted as disorder-activated longitudinal and transverse acoustic modes from the Brillouin-zone edge.

R. Bonneville

1984-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

78

Underwater communication via compact mechanical sound generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effective communication with underwater remotely operated vehicles (UROV) can be difficult to accomplish. In water, simple radio communication is quickly dissipated at higher frequencies and lower frequencies require a ...

Ubellacker, Wyatt

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Contributions to automated realtime underwater navigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation presents three separate-but related-contributions to the art of underwater navigation. These methods may be used in postprocessing with a human in the loop, but the overarching goal is to enhance vehicle ...

Stanway, Michael Jordan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Analytic and numerical study of underwater implosion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Underwater implosion, the rapid collapse of a structure caused by external pressure, generates a pressure pulse in the surrounding water that is potentially damaging to adjacent structures or personnel. Understanding the ...

Gish, Lynn Andrew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Measurements of man?made underwater noise off North Slope, Alaska  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recordings of man?made underwater noise in the Barrow and Prudhoe areas provided acoustic measurements of helicopters cranes detonations power plants island building seismic profiling off?shore drilling human movements unidentified machinery tugs and other marine service craft. The recordings made in winter spring and fall were obtained from under the ice or from leads polynyas or open water at distances from a few meters to about 185 km from the source. Estimated overall source levels varied from 40 to over 200 dB re 1 ?Pa at 1 m in the effective bandwidths. Principal acoustic energy occurred in bands falling between 10 Hz and 13 kHz. Among the lowest levels encountered were those from the sounds of oil exploration drilling. The highest were from seismic profiling. Durations of man?made sounds varied from msec (metallic impulses) to continuous (line spectra from engines). In terms of frequency (Hz) duration and power many of the measured man?made sounds had the potential for masking underwater animal vocalizations or other acoustic signals. Speculations are made on the possibility of inducing avoidance or even deafness. [Work supported by AEWC NOAA/OCSEAP.

William C. Cummings; D. Van Holliday; William T. Ellison

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Underwater Glider Reliability and Implications for Survey Design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been 20 years since the concept of the Autonomous Ocean Sampling Network (AOSN) was first introduced. This vision has been brought closer to reality with the introduction of underwater gliders. While in terms of functionality the underwater ...

Mario Brito; David Smeed; Gwyn Griffiths

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Automatic Fish Classification for Underwater Species Behavior Understanding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic Fish Classification for Underwater Species Behavior Understanding Concetto Spampinato an automatic fish classi- fication system that operates in the natural underwater en- vironment to assist marine biologists in understanding fish behavior. Fish classification is performed by combining two types

Fisher, Bob

84

Development of a low-cost underwater manipulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes the design, modeling, manufacture, and testing of a low cost, multiple degree-of-freedom underwater manipulator. Current underwater robotic arm technologies are often expensive or limited in functionality. ...

Cooney, Lauren Alise

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Design of small, low-cost, underwater fin manipulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis details the development of a small, low cost, underwater manipulator for use on the XAUV. At this time, there are no cheap underwater servos commercially available. The design involves modifying a commercially ...

Roberts, Megan Johnson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Acoustic repair: Recent experience with the acoustic control system (ACS) for improving acoustic conditions in two existing venues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Active acoustics systems are becoming more prevalent in architectural acoustics practice particularly in the context of repairing or improving acoustics in existing venues. Governmental policies to reduce funds and subsidies put into new facilities for the performing arts are another reason for designers to consider the use of active acoustics. This paper highlights two recent examples of such installations of ACS systems one at the Sydney Opera House Concert Hall and the other at MBCCH Winnepeg Canada. Collaboration between the system designer the musicians and the acoustics consultant will be emphasized along with techniques used to evaluate the systems' performance in the halls.

Timothy E. Gulsrud; Arthur van Maurik

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Architectural acoustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This tutorial will familiarize people with basic concepts in architectural acoustics. Many slides of actual buildings and a brief audio tape will be used to illustrate connections between the visual appearance of buildings and the qualities of their sonic environment. The presentation will provide examples and explanations of common acoustic experiences in buildings with the under?lying reasons for their occurrence. Architectural acoustics can be characterized as an evolving empirical exploration of basic principles from many areas of acoustics through creative testing in the design and subsequent evaluation of buildings. A historical review of applied acoustical principles translated into the medium of architecture will be presented in four primary areas: (1) subjective impressions including qualities of music speech intelligibility and annoyance which are the basis for current design criteria; (2) room acoustics design with an emphasis on auditoria schools restaurants and other public buildings; (3) providing privacy from unwanted sounds and vibrations through discussion of standard measurement techniques such as sound transmission class (STC); and (4) management of noise from HVAC systems and other equipment and processes in buildings. Interesting case studies will demonstrate how complex the practical application of even relatively simple acoustical principles can be in many buildings. In recent years a significant community of laboratory and applied researchers dedicated to this field has emerged to question and quantify the empirical knowledge base that has been accumulated over time. Recent topics of interest such as new measurement modeling and simulation techniques will be briefly introduced.

Gary W. Siebein

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

TOWARDS ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING WITH THE AUTOSUB AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at an affordable cost. Not all autonomous underwater vehicles have been de- signed with environmental monitoringTOWARDS ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING WITH THE AUTOSUB AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE G Griffiths, N W this paper we describe some of the desirable characteristics of an autonomous underwater vehicle ca- pable

Griffiths, Gwyn

89

Science and the management of underwater noise: Information gaps and polluter power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To regulate underwater noise rationally and efficiently we need to know its impact on population and community biology. This link can rarely be studied directly because of logistics and the spatial and temporal scales of ecological processes. There are two principal approaches: correlational studies of noise levels with population events or measures; and experiments in which the response variables (usually short?term behavioral measures) are poor proxies for the population and ecosystem parameters about which we are concerned. Experimental studies also have costs. These may include the introduction of additional noise delay of substantive regulation and when polluters are major funders perceived gagging or biasing of knowledgeable scientists. This is a particular problem with underwater noise because the U.S. Navy (a major noise polluter) and allied organizations fund so much acoustic research. Consequently (a) managers must recognize that underwater noise is dangerous but its most important consequences cannot currently be determined; (b) following the precautionary approach noise levels should be reduced sources distanced from marine life and new noises avoided; (c) correlational studies are generally preferred to experimental ones; (d) major noise polluters should not directly fund the research instead providing fees to independent bodies which commission research and recommend regulations.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Graduate acoustics education in the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While graduate study in acoustics takes place in several colleges and schools at The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin) including Communication Fine Arts Geosciences and Natural Sciences this poster focuses on the acoustics program in Engineering. The core of this program resides in the Departments of Mechanical Engineering (ME) and Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE). Acoustics faculty in each department supervise graduate students in both departments. One undergraduate and seven graduate acoustics courses are cross-listed in ME and ECE. Instructors for these courses include staff at Applied Research Laboratories at UT Austin where many of the graduate students have research assistantships. The undergraduate course taught every fall begins with basic physical acoustics and proceeds to draw examples from different areas of engineering acoustics. Three of the graduate courses are taught every year: a two-course sequence on physical acoustics and a transducers course. The remaining four graduate acoustics courses taught in alternate years are on nonlinear acoustics underwater acoustics ultrasonics and architectural acoustics. An acoustics seminar is held most Fridays during the long semesters averaging over ten per semester since 1984. The ME and ECE departments both offer Ph.D. qualifying exams in acoustics.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Underwater video techniques for observing coastal marine biodiversity: A review of sixty years of publications (1952–2012)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Underwater video techniques are increasingly used in marine ecology studies. Technological progress regarding video cameras, sensors (such as sounders), battery life and information storage make these techniques now accessible to a majority of users. However, diver-based underwater visual censuses, and catch and effort data, remain the most commonly used for observing coastal biodiversity and species. In this paper, we review the underwater video techniques that have been developed since the 1950s to investigate and/or monitor coastal biodiversity. Techniques such as remote underwater video, whether baited or not, diver-operated video and towed video are described, along with corresponding applications in the field. We then analyse the complementary of techniques, first from studies comparing video techniques with other observation techniques, whether video-based or not, and second by documenting their respective cost efficiencies. These findings are discussed with respect to current challenges in monitoring and investigating coastal biodiversity. Video should be more often considered and used, either in addition to or as an alternative to diver-based, fishing and acoustic techniques, as it may be particularly suited for monitoring coastal biodiversity in a variety of areas and on larger scales than hitherto and within an ecosystem-based approach to management and conservation.

Delphine Mallet; Dominique Pelletier

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

An overview of time?reversal acoustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Time?reversal invariance is a very powerful concept in physics. In the field of acoustics where time reversal invariance occurs time?reversal experiments may be achieved simply with arrays of transmit?receive transducers allowing an incident wave field to be sampled recorded time?reversed and re?emitted. Time reversal mirrors (TRMs) may be used to study random media and chaotic reverberating structures. Common to these complex media is a remarkable robustness exemplified by observations that the more complex the medium between the probe source and the TRM the sharper the focus. TRMs open the way to new signal processings that interest imaging detection telecommunications and therapy. Time reversal mirrors have plenty of applications including ultrasonic therapy and medical imaging non destructive testing telecommunications underwater acoustics seismology sound control home automation. An overview of these fields will be presented.

Mathias Fink

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Design of an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) charging system for underway, underwater recharging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modern robotics have enabled the rapid proliferation of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) throughout the marine environment. As autonomy algorithms increase in robustness, complexity, and reliability, so too does the ...

Ewachiw, Mark Alexander, Jr

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Acoustics education in Ukraine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acoustics education in Ukraine is considered. In more than 40 universities students learn acoustics: in the acoustics department of the National Technical University in Ukraine (only one department in Ukraine) and many related departments such as Nondestructive Testing Physics Electrical Engineering etc. Acoustical specializations of departments are presented. The most promising and developing acoustical specialization is biomedical acoustics.

Stanislav M. Mayevskyy; Leonid M. Gelman

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Underwater, low-frequency noise in a coastal sea turtle habitat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Underwater sound was recorded in one of the major coastal foraging areas for juvenile sea turtles in the Peconic Bay Estuary system in Long Island New York. The recording season of the underwater environment coincided with the sea turtle activity season in an inshore area where there is considerable boating and recreational activity especially during the summer between Independence Day and Labor Day. Within the range of sea turtle hearing average noisepressure reached 110 dB during periods of high human activity and diminished proportionally down to 80 dB with decreasing human presence. Therefore during much of the season when sea turtles are actively foraging in New York waters their coastal habitats are flooded with underwater noise. During the period of highest human activity average noisepressures within the range of frequencies heard by sea turtles were greater by over two orders of magnitude (26 dB) than during the lowest period of human activity. Sea turtles undoubtedly are exposed to high levels of noise most of which is anthropogenic. Results suggest that continued exposure to existing high levels of pervasive anthropogenic noise in vital sea turtle habitats and any increase in noise could affect sea turtle behavior and ecology.

Y. Samuel; S. J. Morreale; C. W. Clark; C. H. Greene; M. E. Richmond

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Vision Based Station-Keeping for the Unmanned Underwater Vehicle.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Station-Keeping is an important capability of the Unmanned Underwater Vehicle in a variety of mission , including inspection and repair of undersea pipeline , and… (more)

Lee, Chen-wei

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Review of potential impacts to sea turtles from underwater explosive removal of offshore structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to collect and synthesize existing information relevant to the explosive removal of offshore structures (EROS) in aquatic environments. Data sources were organized and summarized by topic - explosive removal methods, physics of underwater explosions, sea turtle resources, documented impacts to sea turtles, and mitigation of effects. Information was gathered via electronic database searches and literature source review. Bulk explosive charges are the most commonly used technique in EROS. While the physical principles of underwater detonations and the propagation of pressure and acoustic waves are well understood, there are significant gaps in the application of this knowledge. Impacts to sea turtles from explosive removal operations may range from non-injurious effects (e.g. acoustic annoyance; mild tactile detection or physical discomfort) to varying levels of injury (i.e. non-lethal and lethal injuries). Very little information exists regarding the impacts of underwater explosions on sea turtles. Effects of explosions on turtles often must be inferred from documented effects to other vertebrates with lungs or other gas-containing organs, such as mammals and most fishes. However, a cautious approach should be used when determining impacts to sea turtles based on extrapolations from other vertebrates. The discovery of beached sea turtles and bottlenose dolphins following an explosive platform removal event in 1986 prompted the initiation of formal consultation between the U.S. Department of the Interior, Minerals Management Service (MMS) and the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), authorized through the Endangered Species Act Section 7, to determine a mechanism to minimize potential impacts to listed species. The initial consultation resulted in a requirement for oil and gas companies to obtain a permit (through separate consultations on a case-by-case basis) prior to using explosives in Federal waters. Because many offshore structure removal operations are similar, a 'generic' Incidental Take Statement was established by the NMFS that describes requirements to protect sea turtles when an operator's individual charge weights did not exceed 50 lb (23 kg). Requirements associated with the Incidental Take Permit were revised in 2003 and 2006 to accommodate advances in explosive charge technologies, removals of structures in deeper waters, and adequate protection of deep water marine mammal species in Gulf of Mexico waters. Generally, these requirements include pre- and post-detonation visual monitoring using standard surface and aerial survey methods for sea turtles and marine mammals, and, in some scenarios, passive acoustic survey methods for marine mammals within a specified radius from an offshore structure. The survey program has been successful in mitigating impacts to sea turtles associated with EROS. However, even with these protective measures in place, there have been observations of sea turtles affected by explosive platform removals.

Viada, Stephen T. [CSA International, Inc., 759 Parkway Street, Jupiter, FL 33477 (United States)], E-mail: sviada@conshelf.com; Hammer, Richard M. [CSA International, Inc., 759 Parkway Street, Jupiter, FL 33477 (United States)], E-mail: rhammer@conshelf.com; Racca, Roberto [JASCO Research Ltd., Vancouver Island Technology Park, Suite 2101, 4464 Markham Street, Victoria, British Columbia, V8Z 7X8 (Canada)], E-mail: rob@jasco.com; Hannay, David [JASCO Research Ltd., Vancouver Island Technology Park, Suite 2101, 4464 Markham Street, Victoria, British Columbia, V8Z 7X8 (Canada)], E-mail: dave@jasco.com; Thompson, M. John [CSA International, Inc., 759 Parkway Street, Jupiter, FL 33477 (United States)], E-mail: jthompson@conshelf.com; Balcom, Brian J. [CSA International, Inc., 759 Parkway Street, Jupiter, FL 33477 (United States)], E-mail: bbalcom@conshelf.com; Phillips, Neal W. [CSA International, Inc., 759 Parkway Street, Jupiter, FL 33477 (United States)], E-mail: nphillips@conshelf.com

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

Modeling of underwater noise from pile driving using coupled finite element and parabolic equation model with improved parabolic equation starting field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An offshore wind farm will be constructed in the Yellow Sea west of Korean Peninsula where there are extensive fishing activity and numerous fishery farms. To study the effect of underwater piling noise on fishing and marine lives we model the pile driving noise propagation using coupled FE and PE model. The near-field noise is computed by FE model considering detailed specifications of the pile driving system. We apply 2D axis-symmetric geometry and utilize acoustic structure interaction analysis in the frequency domain. The FE results are used to compose the starting field for PE model where appropriate range selection is an important factor to cover most of the contributing ray paths. Extrapolation technique to compensate the lack of FE data and the numerical filtering method to smooth the FE result are discussed. In the far-field the noise propagation is modeled by the split step Pade PE algorithm. The improved PE starting field seems to give refined result than previous coupled model.

Jungyong Park

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Acoustic plug release indicator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present invention comprises an acoustic plug release indicator system. The acoustic plug release indicatior system comprises a microphone, recording system and operator listening device.

Carter, E.E. Jr.

1984-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

100

Coastal Underwater Field Observer with Remote IP Access  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and network capacity Significant challenge to reconcile energy consumption of hardware and communications Observer 9/16/09 Low Tide High Tide #12;Boston University Slideshow Title Goes Here Underwater Enclosure Prototype Testing Sealing Low Tide Simulation High Tide Simulation Result: NO Leakage Costal Underwater

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Design and implementation of an underwater sound recording device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to design and build two versions of an underwater sound recording device. The device designed is referred to as the Underwater Sound Recorder (USR), which can be connected to one or two hydrophones or other underwater sound sensors. The URS contains a 26 dB preamplifier and a user selectable gain that permits additional amplification of input to the system from 26 dB to 46 dB. Signals within the frequency range up to 15 kHz may be recorded using the USR. Examples of USR applications are monitoring underwater processes that have the potential to create large pressure waves that could potentially harm fish or other aquatic life, such as underwater explosions or pile driving. Additional applications are recording sound generated by vessels or the vocalizations of some marine mammals, such as the calls from many species of whales.

Martinez, Jayson J.; Myers, Joshua R.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Deng, Zhiqun; Rohrer, John S.; Caviggia, Kurt A.

2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

102

E-Print Network 3.0 - autonomous underwater vehicle Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

vehicle Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: autonomous underwater vehicle...

103

E-Print Network 3.0 - autonomous underwater vehicles Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

vehicles Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: autonomous underwater vehicles...

104

Acoustic transducer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An acoustic transducer is described comprising a one-piece hollow mandrel into the outer surface of which is formed a recess with sides perpendicular to the central axis of the mandrel and separated by a first distance and with a bottom parallel to the central axis and within which recess are a plurality of washer-shaped discs of a piezoelectric material and at least one disc of a temperature-compensating material with the discs being captured between the sides of the recess in a pre-stressed interference fit, typically at 2,000 psi of compressive stress. The transducer also includes a power supply and means to connect to a measurement device. The transducer is intended to be used for telemetry between a measurement device located downhole in an oil or gas well and the surface. The transducer is of an construction that is stronger with fewer joints that could leak fluids into the recess holding the piezoelectric elements than is found in previous acoustic transducers. 4 figs.

Drumheller, D.S.

1997-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

105

Acoustic transducer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An acoustic transducer comprising a one-piece hollow mandrel into the outer surface of which is formed a recess with sides perpendicular to the central axis of the mandrel and separated by a first distance and with a bottom parallel to the central axis and within which recess are a plurality of washer-shaped discs of a piezoelectric material and at least one disc of a temperature-compensating material with the discs being captured between the sides of the recess in a pre-stressed interference fit, typically at 2000 psi of compressive stress. The transducer also includes a power supply and means to connect to a measurement device. The transducer is intended to be used for telemetry between a measurement device located downhole in an oil or gas well and the surface. The transducer is of an construction that is stronger with fewer joints that could leak fluids into the recess holding the piezoelectric elements than is found in previous acoustic transducers.

Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Acoustic cryocooler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An acoustic cryocooler with no moving parts is formed from a thermoacoustic driver (TAD) driving a pulse tube refrigerator (PTR) through a standing wave tube. Thermoacoustic elements in the TAD are spaced apart a distance effective to accommodate the increased thermal penetration length arising from the relatively low TAD operating frequency in the range of 15-60 Hz. At these low operating frequencies, a long tube is required to support the standing wave. The tube may be coiled to reduce the overall length of the cryocooler. One or two PTR's are located on the standing wave tube adjacent antinodes in the standing wave to be driven by the standing wave pressure oscillations. It is predicted that a heat input of 1000 W at 1000 K will maintian a cooling load of 5 W at 80 K.

Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM); Martin, Richard A. (Los Alamos, NM); Radenbaugh, Ray (Louisville, CO)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Sensor Data Processing for Tracking Underwater Threats Using Terascale Optical Core Devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A critical aspect of littoral surveillance (including port protection) involves the localization and tracking of underwater threats such as manned or unmanned autonomous underwater vehicles. In this article, we present a methodology for locating underwater threat sources from uncertain sensor network data, and illustrate the threat tracking aspects using active sonars in a matched filter framework. The novelty of the latter paradigm lies in its implementation on a tera-scale optical core processor, EnLight , recently introduced by Lenslet Laboratories. This processor is optimized for array operations, which it performs in a fixed point arithmetic architecture at tera-scale throughput. Using the EnLight 64 prototype processor, our results (i) illustrate the ability to reach a robust tracking accuracy, and (ii) demonstrate that a considerable speed-up (a factor of over 13,000) can be achieved when compared to an Intel XeonTM processor in the computation of sets of 80K-sample complex Fourier transforms that are associated with our matched filter techniques.

Barhen, Jacob [ORNL; Imam, Neena [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Acoustic Logs | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Acoustic Logs Acoustic Logs Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Acoustic Logs Details Activities (7) Areas (6) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Downhole Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Well Log Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Well Log Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: determine porosity of layers Stratigraphic/Structural: map discontinuities to determine their orientation. Hydrological: Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 1.00100 centUSD 1.0e-3 kUSD 1.0e-6 MUSD 1.0e-9 TUSD / foot Median Estimate (USD): 4.62462 centUSD 0.00462 kUSD 4.62e-6 MUSD 4.62e-9 TUSD / foot High-End Estimate (USD): 16.001,600 centUSD 0.016 kUSD 1.6e-5 MUSD 1.6e-8 TUSD / foot

109

Large scale structure from motion for autonomous underwater vehicle surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Our ability to image extended underwater scenes is severely limited by attenuation and backscatter. Generating a composite view from multiple overlapping images is usually the most practical and flexible way around this ...

Pizarro, Oscar

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Imaging sonar-aided navigation for autonomous underwater harbor surveillance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we address the problem of drift-free navigation for underwater vehicles performing harbor surveillance and ship hull inspection. Maintaining accurate localization for the duration of a mission is important ...

Johannsson, Hordur

111

Toward a compact underwater structured light 3-D imaging system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A compact underwater 3-D imaging system based on the principles of structured light was created for classroom demonstration and laboratory research purposes. The 3-D scanner design was based on research by the Hackengineer ...

Dawson, Geoffrey E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Toward autonomous underwater mapping in partially structured 3D environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motivated by inspection of complex underwater environments, we have developed a system for multi-sensor SLAM utilizing both structured and unstructured environmental features. We present a system for deriving planar ...

VanMiddlesworth, Mark (Mark Allen)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Touch at a distance : underwater object identification using pressure sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

While the vast majority of underwater vehicles rely exclusively on sonar and vision to detect obstacles and maneuver, live fish also use their lateral line organ. The role played by the canal lateral line system is ...

Maertens, Audrey (Audrey Paulette Solange)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Autonomous underwater vehicle navigation and mapping in dynamic, unstructured environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a system for automatically building 3-D optical and bathymetric maps of underwater terrain using autonomous robots. The maps that are built improve the state of the art in resolution by an order of ...

Kunz, Clayton Gregory

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Modeling and control of a biorobotic autonomous underwater vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Current research into Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) has included work on biologically inspired propulsion mechanisms, for instance flapping foils. The first aim of this thesis is to develop an accurate non-linear ...

Booth, William Duncan Lewis

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Large-area visually augmented navigation for autonomous underwater vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes a vision-based, large-area, simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) algorithm that respects the low-overlap imagery constraints typical of autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) while exploiting ...

Eustice, Ryan M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Multi Stage Underwater Sensor Localization using Mobile Beacons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Then, they dive to the level of the underwater sensors to advertise these coordinates. In turn to perform, including: oceanographic data collection, ecological applications (e.g. pollution, water quality

Paparella, Francesco

118

Feasibility of underwater welding of highly irradiated in-vessel components of boiling-water reactors: A literature review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In February 1997, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research (RES), initiated a literature review to assess the state of underwater welding technology. In particular, the objective of this literature review was to evaluate the viability of underwater welding in-vessel components of boiling water reactor (BWR) in-vessel components, especially those components fabricated from stainless steels that are subjected to high neutron fluences. This assessment was requested because of the recent increased level of activity in the commercial nuclear industry to address generic issues concerning the reactor vessel and internals, especially those issues related to repair options. This literature review revealed a preponderance of general information about underwater welding technology, as a result of the active research in this field sponsored by the U.S. Navy and offshore oil and gas industry concerns. However, the literature search yielded only a limited amount of information about underwater welding of components in low-fluence areas of BWR in-vessel environments, and no information at all concerning underwater welding experiences in high-fluence environments. Research reported by the staff of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Savannah River Site and researchers from the DOE fusion reactor program proved more fruitful. This research documented relevant experience concerning welding of stainless steel materials in air environments exposed to high neutron fluences. It also addressed problems with welding highly irradiated materials, and primarily attributed those problems to helium-induced cracking in the material. (Helium is produced from the neutron irradiation of boron, an impurity, and nickel.) The researchers found that the amount of helium-induced cracking could be controlled, or even eliminated, by reducing the heat input into the weld and applying a compressive stress perpendicular to the weld path.

Lund, A.L.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Underwater and in-air sounds from a small hovercraft  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Underwater and in-air recordings were made from a boat anchored near Prudhoe Bay Alaska while a Griffon 2000TD hovercraft drove by at or near full power on four passes. At the closest point of approach (CPA 6.5 m ) underwater broadband ( 10 – 10 000 Hz ) levels reached 133 and 131 dB re : 1 ? Pa at depths of 1 and 7 m respectively. In-air unweighted and A-weighted broadband ( 10 – 10 000 Hz ) levels reached 104 and 97 dB re : 20 ? Pa respectively. The hovercraft produced sound at a wide range of frequencies. Both underwater and in air the largest spectral peak was near 87 Hz which corresponded to the blade rate of the thrust propeller. In addition the spectral composition included several harmonics of this frequency. The shaft or blade rate of the lift fan was barely detectable underwater despite its proximity to the water. The hovercraft was considerably quieter underwater than similar-sized conventional vessels and may be an attractive alternative when there is concern over underwater sounds.

Susanna B. Blackwell; Charles R. Greene Jr.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Acoustic Based Sketch Recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

investigate this new area, which we call acoustic based sketch recognition, and evaluate the possibilities of using it as a new interaction technique. We focus specifically on building a recognition engine for acoustic sketch recognition. We first propose a...

Li, Wenzhe

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Parametric acoustic arrays: A Bergen view.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At the University of Bergen (UoB) Norway research activity in physical acoustics started in the mid?1960s with investigations on the parametric acoustic array (PAA). The newly appointed professor in applied mathematics Sigve Tjo/tta had some years earlier been at Brown University and was inspired by the concept at a fundamental level but also wanted experimental confirmation. No previous acoustical activity existed at UoB. The PAA project was started as a master project at Department of Physics where the main activity was in nuclear high?energy and ionospheric physics. Bellin and Beyer’s experiment served as a model. The results provided new information on the axial and directional properties of the difference frequency wave field. Inspired by this theoretical modeling continued along with further measurements. Other nonlinear effects like acoustic streaming (boundary layer density gradient) were also investigated. In 1975 a project together with SIMRAD and Norwegian Technical University resulted in a bottom penetrating PAA later commercialized as “TOPAS.” Numerical modeling based on the KZK equation resulted in the “Bergen Code ” still in use for computing nonlinear acoustic propagation problems. In later years activity at UoB has expanded to encompass linear physical acoustics of various sorts occasionally using PAA as a tool.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Experiment Verification of Position Measurement for Underwater Mobile Robot Using Monocular Camera  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Authors have been developing the underwater robot that can be used for environmental protection work in the sea near Okinawa. It is difficult to get the position of underwater robot, because it cannot use GPS ...

Natsuki Uechi; Fumiaki Takemura; Kuniaki Kawabata…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Random matrix theory for underwater sound propagation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ocean acoustic propagation can be formulated as a wave guide with a weakly random medium generating multiple scattering. Twenty years ago, this was recognized as a quantum chaos problem, and yet random matrix theory, one pillar of quantum or wave chaos studies, has never been introduced into the subject. The modes of the wave guide provide a representation for the propagation, which in the parabolic approximation is unitary. Scattering induced by the ocean's internal waves leads to a power-law random banded unitary matrix ensemble for long-range deep-ocean acoustic propagation. The ensemble has similarities, but differs, from those introduced for studying the Anderson metal-insulator transition. The resulting long-range propagation ensemble statistics agree well with those of full wave propagation using the parabolic equation.

K. C. Hegewisch; S. Tomsovic

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Downhole Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Well Log Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Acoustic Logs Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Rock stress and fracture analysis Hydrological: Use for fracture identification in open and cased holes. Also used for evaluating hydro fracturing/well stimulation effectiveness. Thermal: Dictionary.png Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log: An acoustic logging technique where the acoustic transmitter and receivers are lowered down hole and waveforms that travel through the well mud,

125

Transmission of acoustic?gravity waves through air?water interface.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It was demonstrated recently that air?water interface which is usually an almost perfect reflector of acoustic waves becomes anomalously transparent and the power flux in the wave transmitted into air increases dramatically when a compact sound source in water approaches the interface within a fraction of wavelength [O. A. Godin Phys. Rev. Lett. 97 164301 (2006)]. Powerful underwater explosions and certain natural sources such as underwater landslides generate very low?frequency waves in water and air for which both fluid buoyancy and compressibility simultaneously serve as restoring forces. In this paper analysis of sound transmission through air?water interface is extended to acoustic?gravity waves (AGWs). It is found that as for sound the interface becomes anomalously transparent for sufficiently shallow compact sources of AGWs. Depending on the source type the increase in wave power flux into air due to diffraction effects can reach several orders of magnitude. Physical mechanisms responsible for the anomalous transparency are discussed. Excitation of an interfacewave by an underwater source is shown to be an important channel of AGW transmission into atmosphere which has no counterpart in the case of sound.

Iosif M. Fuks; Oleg A. Godin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Development of an underwater spin facility for combined environment testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In response to a request from the US Government, Sandia National Laboratories has developed an instrumentation system to monitor the conditions along an underwater, rotating drive shaft. It was desired to study the structural integrity and signal acquisition capabilities of the Shaft Instrumentation System (SIS) in an environment which closely simulates the actual deployment conditions. In this manner, the SIS response to ill-defined conditions, such as flow field turbulence or temperature fluctuations, could be determined. An Underwater Spin Facility was developed in order to verify the operation of the instrumentation and telemetric data acquisition system in a combined environment of external pressure, transient axial loads and centrifugal force. The main components of the Underwater Spin Facility are a large, five foot diameter pressure vessel, a dynamically sealed shaft, a drive train assembly and a shaker table interface which is used to apply the axial loads. This paper presents a detailed description of the design of the Underwater Spin Facility. It also discusses the SIS certification test program in order to demonstrate the successful performance of the Underwater Spin Facility. 8 refs., 10 figs.

Roach, D.P.; Nusser, M.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Experiences and results from designing and developing a 6 DoF underwater parallel robot  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

REMO I Robot is a novel application of a parallel structure as an underwater robot of 6 DoF. Compared to other underwater robots, navigation of REMO I Robot is performed by the capability of its parallel structure to modify its geometric structure (thruster ... Keywords: Control of parallel robot, Modelling, Parallel robot, Underwater robots

Roque Saltaren Pazmiño; Cecilia E. Garcia Cena; Cesar Alvarez Arocha; Rafael Aracil Santonja

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Acoustic detection of neutrinos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When high energy neutrinosinteract with nucleons in the ocean a jet of hadrons is produced which deposits thermal energy. This thermal energy is expected to produce a sonic pulse which hopefully will be sufficiently intense and directional to enable the energy and direction of incidence of the primary neutrino to be determined [Antares Parvulescu J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 61 580(A) (1977)]. This paper discusses the physical mechanism whereby the energy of the neutrino is converted into a sound pulse. A simple model will be exploited to account for the signature expected from such an event. [Work supported in part by the U. S. Naval Ocean Research and Development Activity and by the U. S. Department of Energy.

Peter J. Westervelt

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

MHK Technologies/Underwater Electric Kite Turbines | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Underwater Electric Kite Turbines Underwater Electric Kite Turbines < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Underwater Electric Kite Turbines.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization UEK Corporation Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Atchafalaya River Hydrokinetic Project II *MHK Projects/Chitokoloki Project *MHK Projects/Coal Creek Project *MHK Projects/Half Moon Cove Tidal Project *MHK Projects/Indian River Tidal Hydrokinetic Energy Project *MHK Projects/Luangwa Zambia Project *MHK Projects/Minas Basin Bay of Fundy Commercial Scale Demonstration *MHK Projects/Passamaquoddy Tribe Hydrokinetic Project *MHK Projects/Piscataqua Tidal Hydrokinetic Energy Project *MHK Projects/UEK Yukon River Project Technology Resource

130

Application of a panel method to hydrodynamics of underwater vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A low-order singularity panel method based on Green`s formulation is used to predict the hydrodynamics characteristics of underwater vehicles. The low-order modeling employs constant strength sources and doublets, and the body surface is modeled by quadrilaterals. The method is first applied to predicting the force and moment coefficients of underwater vehicles for the body-alone and finned configurations. Hydrodynamic coefficients of added mass and added moment of inertia are also calculated by modifying the code. Results for several two and three-dimensional bodies show the usefulness of the method for predicting the added mass and added moment of inertia.

Sahin, I. [Western Michigan Univ., Kalamazoo, MI (United States); Crane, J.W.; Watson, K.P. [Naval Surface Warfare Center, Panama City, FL (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

131

Acoustics by additive manufacturing:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study focuses on exploring the merging field of additive manufacturing and acoustics and introduces a new type of sound absorber which is regulating performance… (more)

Setaki, F.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Processing of Activated Core Components  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Used activated components from the core of a NPP like control elements, water channels from a BWR, and others like in-core measurement devices need to be processed into waste forms suitable for interim storage, and for the final waste repository. Processing of the activated materials can be undertaken by underwater cutting and packaging or by cutting and high-pressure compaction in a hot cell. A hot cell is available in Germany as a joint investment between GNS and the Karlsruhe Research Center at the latter's site. Special transport equipment is available to transport the components ''as-is'' to the hot cell. Newly designed underwater processing equipment has been designed, constructed, and operated for the special application of NPP decommissioning. This equipment integrates an underwater cutting device with an 80 ton force underwater in-drum compactor.

Friske, A.; Gestermann, G.; Finkbeiner, R.

2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

133

BOUSSINESQ MODELING OF SURFACE WAVES DUE TO UNDERWATER LANDSLIDES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BOUSSINESQ MODELING OF SURFACE WAVES DUE TO UNDERWATER LANDSLIDES DENYS DUTYKH AND HENRIK KALISCH, and viscous drag. The surface waves are studied in the Boussinesq scaling, with time-dependent bathymetry. A numerical model for the Boussinesq equations is introduced which is able to handle time-dependent bottom

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

134

BOUSSINESQ MODELING OF SURFACE WAVES DUE TO UNDERWATER LANDSLIDES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BOUSSINESQ MODELING OF SURFACE WAVES DUE TO UNDERWATER LANDSLIDES DENYS DUTYKH # AND HENRIK KALISCH, and viscous drag. The surface waves are studied in the Boussinesq scaling, with time­dependent bathymetry. A numerical model for the Boussinesq equations is introduced which is able to handle time­dependent bottom

135

Defense from a distance ORNL robotics sensors detect underwater  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCIENCE Defense from a distance ORNL robotics sensors detect underwater explosive ordnance Modern of the future are not human oriented, but robotics oriented. For robots to perform their mission of safety at the forefront of robotics design, these are the droids we are looking for. ­Dylan Platz Karnowski analyzes

Pennycook, Steve

136

A SURVEY OF UNDERWATER VEHICLE NAVIGATION: RECENT ADVANCES AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the value, quantity, and cost- effectiveness of scientific data obtained with these vehicles. This paperA SURVEY OF UNDERWATER VEHICLE NAVIGATION: RECENT ADVANCES AND NEW CHALLENGES James C. Kinsey Ryan M. Eustice Louis L. Whitcomb Department of Mechanical Engineering The Johns Hopkins University

Eustice, Ryan

137

Measurement of underwater vibration by ultrasonic speckle stroboscopic technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Ultrasonic speckles are widely used in medical imaging, but are not commonly accepted in industry. An ultrasonic speckle stroboscopic technique for industrial applications is introduced in this manuscript. In this technique, a whole field ultrasonic speckle image converter is no longer needed as in B-mode scanning, and neither is the process of searching for the maximum correlation coefficient among sub-sets in the ultrasonic speckle field. In pulse-echo working mode, by the modulation of sweeping frequency and trigger delay and performing a digital speckle correlation calculation, it can be obtained point-to-point the vibration frequency, amplitude and phase difference of underwater solid surfaces. Compared with traditional vibration measurement techniques, ultrasonic speckle stroboscopic technique can perform on-line, underwater, noncontact experiments, and is insensitive to the environment and the sample surface roughness. In this manuscript this technique was applied to a vibrating cantilever underwater. The experimental results were in good agreement with other testing methods. Therefore, the noncontact testing technique for vibration coefficient, especially the vibration phase difference, provides an alternative method for the mode analysis of industrial constructions, which is a piece of very important work for industrial underwater structure design.

Zhihua Luo; Jun Chu; Lei Shen; Peng Hu; Hongmao Zhu; Lili Hu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

MEDIUM ACCESS CONTROL LAYER FOR UNDERWATER SENSOR NETWORKS*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

applications, such as monitoring environmental factors (such as seismic events detection in underwater environment, weather condition forecast, etc.) coordinating marine/submarine equipments (such as navigating ships) [1]. An important example is in the offshore oil industry, UASN enables wireless communication

Chen, Min

139

Cavitation controlled acoustic probe for fabric spot cleaning and moisture monitoring  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are provided for monitoring a fabric. An acoustic probe generates acoustic waves relative to the fabric. An acoustic sensor, such as an accelerometer is coupled to the acoustic probe for generating a signal representative of cavitation activity in the fabric. The generated cavitation activity representative signal is processed to indicate moisture content of the fabric. A feature of the invention is a feedback control signal is generated responsive to the generated cavitation activity representative signal. The feedback control signal can be used to control the energy level of the generated acoustic waves and to control the application of a cleaning solution to the fabric.

Sheen, Shuh-Haw (Naperville, IL); Chien, Hual-Te (Naperville, IL); Raptis, Apostolos C. (Downers Grove, IL)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Acoustic Heating Peter Ulmschneider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acoustic Heating Peter Ulmschneider lnstitut fiir Theoretische Astrophysik der Universitat waves are a viable and prevalent heating mechanism both in early- and in late-type stars. Acoustic heating appears to be a dominant mechanism for situations where magnetic fields are weak or absent

Ulmschneider, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Design of a low-cost underwater acoustic modem for short- range sensor networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

modem must be powered from batteries Power amplifiers areof the modem and its batteries at node i. b i is a binaryplus the total number of batteries required times the cost

Benson, Bridget

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Elastic parabolic equation solutions for underwater acoustic problems using seismic sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Washington 98105 Jon M. Collis Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Colorado School of Mines.1121/1.4790355] PACS number(s): 43.30.Ma, 43.30.Dr, 43.20.Gp, 43.30.Zk [MS] Pages: 1358­1367 I. INTRODUCTION A class

143

15 Acoustic Daylight Imaging in the Michael J. Buckingham  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of radiation, including light. Acoustic techniques are thus a pre- ferred choice for probing the ocean depths. Two types of acoustic sys- tems, passive sonar and active sonar, are commonly used as detection devices in the ocean [1]. A passive sonar simply listens for the sound radiated by a target

Buckingham, Michael

144

Distributed Acoustic and Seismic Sensing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An overview of fiber optic distributed acoustic and seismic sensor system architectures is presented.

Kirkendall, Clay

145

Acoustic cooling engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An acoustic cooling engine with improved thermal performance and reduced internal losses comprises a compressible fluid contained in a resonant pressure vessel. The fluid has a substantial thermal expansion coefficient and is capable of supporting an acoustic standing wave. A thermodynamic element has first and second ends and is located in the resonant pressure vessel in thermal communication with the fluid. The thermal response of the thermodynamic element to the acoustic standing wave pumps heat from the second end to the first end. The thermodynamic element permits substantial flow of the fluid through the thermodynamic element. An acoustic driver cyclically drives the fluid with an acoustic standing wave. The driver is at a location of maximum acoustic impedance in the resonant pressure vessel and proximate the first end of the thermodynamic element. A hot heat exchanger is adjacent to and in thermal communication with the first end of the thermodynamic element. The hot heat exchanger conducts heat from the first end to portions of the resonant pressure vessel proximate the hot heat exchanger. The hot heat exchanger permits substantial flow of the fluid through the hot heat exchanger. The resonant pressure vessel can include a housing less than one quarter wavelength in length coupled to a reservoir. The housing can include a reduced diameter portion communicating with the reservoir. The frequency of the acoustic driver can be continuously controlled so as to maintain resonance.

Hofler, Thomas J. (Los Alamos, NM); Wheatley, John C. (Los Alamos, NM); Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Acoustic well cleaner  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are disclosed for cleaning the wellbore and the near wellbore region. A sonde is provided which is adapted to be lowered into a borehole and which includes a plurality of acoustic transducers arranged around the sonde. Electrical power provided by a cable is converted to acoustic energy. The high intensity acoustic energy directed to the borehole wall and into the near wellbore region, redissolves or resuspends the material which is reducing the permeability of the formation and/or restricting flow in the wellbore.

Maki, Jr., Voldi E. (11904 Bell Ave., Austin, TX 78759-2415); Sharma, Mukul M. (Dept. of Petroleum Engr. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX 78712)

1997-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

147

Acoustical heat pumping engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure is directed to an acoustical heat pumping engine without moving seals. A tubular housing holds a compressible fluid capable of supporting an acoustical standing wave. An acoustical driver is disposed at one end of the housing and the other end is capped. A second thermodynamic medium is disposed in the housing near to but spaced from the capped end. Heat is pumped along the second thermodynamic medium toward the capped end as a consequence both of the pressure oscillation due to the driver and imperfect thermal contact between the fluid and the second thermodynamic medium. 2 figs.

Wheatley, J.C.; Swift, G.W.; Migliori, A.

1983-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

148

Active control of underwater propulsor using shape memory alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of submarines10 as control surface deflection tabs and linear actuators in biomimetic hydrofoils11-12. The material chosen in many of these studies and research applications is the Shape Memory Alloy (SMA). This material is attractive due to its small size... section. The water tunnel is powered by a Baldor 25-hp electric motor and with the cross-section specified above allows for a maximum velocity of approximately 1 m/s. To be ab le to obtain reliable data from the test run of the 2-D hydrofoil...

Wasylyszyn, Jonathan Allen

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

149

Reduction of unsteady underwater propeller forces via active tail articulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study investigates the use of biologically-inspired tail articulation as a means to reduce unsteady propeller forces and by extension, noise due to stator wake blade interaction. This study is experimental in nature ...

James, Richard A. (Richard Alexander), 1982-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Low-cost, high-power mechanical impact transducers for sonar and acoustic through-wall surveillance applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new concept is presented for mechanical acoustic transmitters and matched resonant receivers. The lightweight, compact, and low-cost transmitters produce high-power acoustic pulses at one or more discrete frequencies with very little input power. The transducer systems are well suited for coupling acoustic pulse energy into dense media, such as walls and water. Applications of the impact transducers are discussed, including detection and tracking of humans through walls and long-duration underwater surveillance by a low-cost network of autonomous, self-recharging, battery-operated sonobuoys. A conceptual design of a sonobuoy surveillance network for harbors and littoral waters is presented. An impact-transmitter and matched-receiver system that detected human motion through thick walls with only rudimentary signal processing is described, and results are presented. Signal processing methods for increasing the signal-to-noise ratio by several tens of dB are discussed.

Felber, Franklin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

E-Print Network 3.0 - artificial underwater structure Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Invertebrate Biomass in Skate Nurseries Gerald R. Hoff Summary: skate in Pribilof Canyon by an autonomous underwater vehicle show higher abundance of invertebrates... on...

152

Research equipment: Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the acoustic wave. More specifically, the equipment consists of: i. HP 4195A (10Hz-500MHz) ii. HP 8753ES (30kHz measurements on many SAW devices iii. Agilent E5061A (300kHz-1.5GHz) http Scientific Corp.): Atmospheric plasma etching, for surface cleaning, surface treatment and activation

Gizeli, Electra

153

Development of a nozzle for underwater laser beam welds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present study describes the work carried out to develop a nozzle for the welding or treatment of surfaces of components underwater. Two different types of nozzles have been investigated: contactless and sealed. With the former a dry working zone could only be achieved at very high gas flow and at a maximum extension of 2--3mm. The nozzles based on the labyrinth sealing concept were capable of producing and maintaining a dry working zone with acceptable gas flow and an extension range of 4mm. In the development of this nozzle the following factors have been considered: number of rubber layers, included angle of the sealing, quantity, position and diameter of the gas outlets and the extension range. The underwater nozzle developed in the course of this work has been successfully tested in a simulated patch welding repair of a stainless steel pipe at 3m water depth.

Habenicht, I.; Santos, J.F. dos; Szelagowski, P. [GKSS Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH (Germany); Franz, T. [Bremen Inst. for Applied Beam Technology (Germany)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

History of engineering acoustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At the Providence RI meeting in December 1955 it was proposed to add three new technical committees to the original seven established about a year earlier. Two of the new ones Audio Engineering and Electroacoustics and Sonic and Ultrasonic Engineering are precursors of the present Engineering Acoustics Technical Committee. In 1961 the name of the former committee was shortened to Electroacoustics and I began to attend their meetings. In 1964 the scope of the committee was broadened and its present name of Engineering Acoustics adopted. Early repeatable experiments in engineering acoustics have been attributed to Benjamin Franklin and mostly anecdotal evidence exists before that. Modern developments involve interdisciplinary involvements with all acoustics and specifically with the discovery of new materials applications of their properties and inventions of a wide variety of devices for producing receiving and using acoustics. Henry Joule Bell Berliner Edison the Curie brothers DeForest and Fessenden will be among those noted with some related recognition of them by the Engineering Acoustics TC.

Stanley L. Ehrlich

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

AquaNodes: An Underwater Sensor Network Iuliu Vasilescu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

modem and an optical mo- dem implemented using green light. The system of sensor nodes communicates communication and support for sensing and mobil- ity. The nodes in the system are connected acoustically for broadcast communication using an acoustic modem we de- veloped. For higher point to point communication

Farritor, Shane

156

AquaNodes: An Underwater Sensor Network Iuliu Vasilescu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and an optical mo- dem implemented using green light. The system of sensor nodes communicates with a TDMA communication and support for sensing and mobil- ity. The nodes in the system are connected acoustically for broadcast communication using an acoustic modem we de- veloped. For higher point to point communication

Zhou, Shengli

157

Acoustic Building Infiltration Measurement System (ABIMS)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Acoustic Building Infilitration Measurement System project is developing an acoustic method of measuring the infiltration of a building envelope.

158

Spacetime transformation acoustics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A recently proposed analogue transformation method has allowed the extension of transformation acoustics to general spacetime transformations. We analyze here in detail the differences between this new analogue transformation acoustics (ATA) method and the standard one (STA). We show explicitly that STA is not suitable for transformations that mix space and time. ATA takes as starting point the acoustic equation for the velocity potential, instead of that for the pressure as in STA. This velocity-potential equation by itself already allows for some transformations mixing space and time, but not all of them. We explicitly obtain the entire set of transformations that do not leave its form invariant. It is in these cases that ATA shows its true potential, allowing for building a transformation acoustics method that enables the full range of spacetime transformations. We provide an example of an important transformation which cannot be achieved with STA. Using this transformation, we design and simulate an acoustic frequency converter via the ATA approach. Furthermore, in those cases in which one can apply both the STA and ATA approaches, we study the different transformational properties of the corresponding physical quantities.

C. García-Meca; S. Carloni; C. Barceló; G. Jannes; J. Sánchez-Dehesa; A. Martínez

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

159

Acoustic Logs At Coso Geothermal Area (1977) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coso Geothermal Area (1977) Coso Geothermal Area (1977) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Acoustic Logs At Coso Geothermal Area (1977) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Acoustic Logs Activity Date 1977 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Acoustic logs indicate fractured rock and potentially permeable zones. References Galbraith, R. M. (1 May 1978) Geological and geophysical analysis of Coso Geothermal Exploration Hole No. 1 (CGEH-1), Coso Hot Springs KGRA, California Goranson, C.; Schroeder, R. (1 June 1978) Static downhole characteristics of well CGEH-1 at Coso Hot Springs, China Lake, California Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Acoustic_Logs_At_Coso_Geothermal_Area_(1977)&oldid=510216"

160

Investigations of stage acoustics at the Sydney Opera House Concert Hall  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Improvements to onstage hearing conditions were made at the Sydney Opera House Concert Hall during a series of acoustics trials conducted during September 2009. During the acoustic trials physical changes were made to reflective surfaces around the platform and an active acoustics system was demonstrated. Taken together the temporary changes had a positive influence on hearing conditions during both rehearsals and performances by the Sydney Symphony Orchestra and Sydney Philharmonia. This paper reviews the strategies used to implement the improvements to stage acoustics and discusses the unique techniques used to evaluate the stage acoustics both subjectively and objectively.

Timothy E. Gulsrud

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) mapping reveals coral mound distribution, morphology, and oceanography in deep water of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) mapping reveals coral mound distribution, morphology conditions resolving features at the 1­10 m scale are needed. An autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) cruising, G. Rathwell, and J. Luo (2006), Autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) mapping reveals coral mound

Alvarez, Pedro J.

162

Passive acoustics embedded on gliders—Weather observation through ambient noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Underwater gliders can provide high resolution water temperature and salinity profiles. Being able to associate them with a surface weather conditions estimation would allow to better study sea-air interactions. Since in-situ observations of the marine meteorological parameters are difficult the development of a glider embedded weather sensor has been studied based on the WOTAN approach. In the 1–30 kHz frequency range the background underwater noise is dominated by wind generated noise. Focusing on the sound pressure level at 5 8 10 and 20 kHz allows to estimate the wind speed. Thus deploying a glider with an embedded hydrophone gives an access to the surface weather conditions around its position. We have deployed gliders in the Mediterranean sea with passive acoustic monitoring devices onboard. Four months of data have been recorded. Wind speed estimations have been confronted to weather buoys observations and atmospheric models predictions. Wind estimates have been obtained with a ~2 m/s error. A specific emphasis has been placed on the robustness of the processing through multi frequencies analysis and depth induced attenuation correction. A downscaling study has been performed on the acoustic sampling protocol in order to meet the low energy consumption glider standards for a future real time embedded processing. The glider generated noise and its vertical movement are not perturbing the estimation. Moreover the surface behavior of the Slocum gliders allows an estimation of the wind direction.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Surface-Reflection-Based Communication and Localization in Underwater Sensor Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most communication and localization algorithms in underwater environments have been constrained by dependencies on the Line Of Sight (LOS), which is hard to guarantee due to the inherent node mobility. This constraint hinders node discovery and ad hoc ... Keywords: Localization, ad hoc networks, underwater sensor networks

Lloyd Emokpae, Mohamed Younis

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Feasibility of Underwater Sensor Networks for Lifetime Assessment of Offshore Civil Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feasibility of Underwater Sensor Networks for Lifetime Assessment of Offshore Civil Structures is to investigate the feasibility of underwater sensor networks for offshore and deep-sea structural monitoring. In this paper, the network communication topology and in-network processing algorithm for two offshore wind

Zhou, Shengli

165

Autonomous Control of an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Towing a Vector Sensor Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Autonomous Control of an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Towing a Vector Sensor Array Michael R,arjunab@mit.edu Abstract-- This paper is about the autonomous control of an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV the ability to deploy large sets of autonomous mobile marine platforms over a wide area of the ocean

Schmidt, Henrik

166

Development of a Dynamic Model of a Small High-Speed Autonomous Underwater Vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development of a Dynamic Model of a Small High-Speed Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Haider N. Arafat-- A dynamic model is developed for a small, high- speed autonomous underwater vehicle. The vehicle has manner: 1) Wind angle and angle : From u = V cos , v = V sin sin , and w = V sin cos , we have tan

Virginia Tech

167

In-air and underwater hearing sensitivity of a northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In-air and underwater hearing sensitivity of a northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris) D for a female northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris). Hearing sensitivity in air was generally poor. Kastak and R.J. Schusterman Abstract: In-air and underwater sound detection thresholds were obtained

Reichmuth, Colleen

168

Good classroom acoustics are a good investment for America  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Buzz Towne’s idealism sparked ASA’s current activities to improve classroom acoustics including ANSI S12 WG43’s activity to produce an American standard for classroom acoustics. But idealism alone may not suffice to realize the reforms Buzz sought. It will help if advocates can show that good classroom acoustics are a good investment for community and nation. Absent were the resources necessary for serious economic cost?benefit studies some very informal ‘‘back?of?the?envelope’’ engineering estimates were made by acousticians audiologists and material vendors. All assume 20 year life cycles for new and renovated classrooms. In one scenario costs for quiet HVAC and sound absorbing ceilings are shown to be a small fraction of costs for ordinary school construction yielding substandard acoustics. In another scenario costs for quiet classroom HVAC are shown to be small compared to annual operating costs per student. A third scenario shows that a modest but plausible assumed increase in average lifetime earnings generously will repay the initial costs for good acoustics. These scenarios do not consider the economic costs of bad acoustics including high dropout rates truancy juvenile crime and teacher burnout. The authors hope to inspire others to more fully study the economic social and educational benefits of good acoustics.

David Lubman; Louis C. Sutherland

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Energy calibration of large underwater detectors using stopping muons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose to use stopping cosmic-ray muons in the energy calibration of planned and deployed large underwater detectors. The method is based on the proportionality between the incident muon energy and the length of the muon path before it stops. Simultaneous measurements of the muon path and the amplitude of the signal from the photomultiplier tubes allow a relation between the energy deposited in the sensitive volume of the detector and the observed signal to be derived, and also provide a test of detector simulations. We describe the proposed method and present the results of simulations.

V. A. Kudryavtsev; R. A. Brook; S. L. Cartwright; J. E. McMillan; N. J. C. Spooner; L. F. Thompson

2000-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

170

Energy calibration of large underwater detectors using stopping muons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose to use stopping cosmic-ray muons in the energy calibration of planned and deployed large underwater detectors. The method is based on the proportionality between the incident muon energy and the length of the muon path before it stops. Simultaneous measurements of the muon path and the amplitude of the signal from the photomultiplier tubes allow a relation between the energy deposited in the sensitive volume of the detector and the observed signal to be derived, and also provide a test of detector simulations. We describe the proposed method and present the results of simulations.

V.A. Kudryavtsev; R.A. Brook; S.L. Cartwright; J.E. McMillan; N.J.C. Spooner; L.F. Thompson

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

High power density propulsion/power system for underwater applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a drive system for an underwater vehicle utilizing open Rankine thermodynamic cycle system having water as working fluid; steam generation means for receiving the working fluid and converting the working fluid to steam; an energy converter adapted to receive the steam and drive a propulsion means; a mixing condenser adapted to receive the steam exits the energy converter and condense the steam to a liquid; means for introducing water into the mixing condensers from a source external to the Rankine cycle, the water mixing with the working fluid to form mixed work fluid.

Blau, A.

1992-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

172

Corrosion Resistant Cladding by YAG Laser Welding in Underwater Environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is known that stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) will occur in nickel-base alloys used in Reactor Pressure Vessel (RPV) and Internals of nuclear power plants. A SCC sensitivity has been evaluated by IHI in each part of RPV and Internals. There are several water level instrumentation nozzles installed in domestic BWR RPV. In water level instrumentation nozzles, 182 type nickel-base alloys were used for the welding joint to RPV. It is estimated the SCC potential is high in this joint because of a higher residual stress than the yield strength (about 400 MPa). This report will describe a preventive maintenance method to these nozzles Heat Affected Zone (HAZ) and welds by a corrosion resistant cladding (CRC) by YAG Laser in underwater environment (without draining a reactor water). There are many kinds of countermeasures for SCC, for example, Induction Heating Stress Improvement (IHSI), Mechanical Stress Improvement Process (MSIP) and so on. A YAG laser CRC is one of them. In this technology a laser beam is used for heat source and irradiated through an optical fiber to a base metal and SCC resistant material is used for welding wires. After cladding the HAZ and welds are coated by the corrosion resistant materials so their surfaces are improved. A CRC by gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) in an air environment had been developed and already applied to a couple of operating plants (16 Nozzles). This method was of course good but it spent much time to perform because of an installation of some water-proof working boxes to make a TIG-weldability environment. CRC by YAG laser welding in underwater environment has superior features comparing to this conventional TIG method as follows. At the viewpoint of underwater environment, (1) an outage term reduction (no drainage water). (2) a radioactive exposure dose reduction for personnel. At that of YAG laser welding, (1) A narrower HAZ. (2) A smaller distortion. (3) A few cladding layers. A YAG laser CRC test in underwater environment was carried out in the different welding position, horizontal, vertical upward and downward. The soundness of cladding layers (about 3 mm) is confirmed in visual and penetration test, and cross section observation. In the application to the actual plants, it is preferable to reduce the start and end point numbers of beads with which a defect is easy to cause. Therefore a special welding equipment for a YAG laser CRC that could weld continuously was developed. (authors)

Tsutomi Kochi; Toshio Kojima; Suemi Hirata; Ichiro Morita; Katsura Ohwaki [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Company Ltd., 1 Shin-Nakaharacho, Isogoku, Yokohama 235-8501 (Japan)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Measurement of average resistance in underwater breathing apparatus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Underwater Breathing Apparatus (UBA) have long been characterized by the mechanical work done on them during simulated breathing. For 20 years, the work of breathing has been divided by tidal volume to yield what is properly considered a volume-averaged pressure. The authors assert that when volume-averaged pressure is divided by a factor proportional to ventilation, the result is a measure of flow resistance averaged over an entire breath. This point is illustrated with both theoretical and actual pressure-volume and pressure-flow curves for a MK 16 closed-circuit UBA.

Clarke, J.R. [Navy Experimental Diving Unit, Panama City, FL (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Low-Frequency Resonant Scattering of Bubble Clouds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acoustic properties of water can be drastically modified by a small amount of air content in the fluid. The dynamics of bubble clouds and their collected oscillation mechanisms are among topics of active research in underwater acoustics. In ...

Paul A. Hwang; William J. Teague

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Underwater noise from three types of offshore wind turbines: Estimation of impact zones for harbor porpoises and harbor seals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Underwater noise was recorded from three different types of wind turbines in Denmark and Sweden (Middelgrunden Vindeby and Bockstigen-Valar) during normal operation. Wind turbinenoise was only measurable above ambient noise at frequencies below 500 Hz. Total sound pressure level was in the range 109–127 dB re 1 ? ? Pa rms measured at distances between 14 and 20 m from the foundations. The 1/3-octave noise levels were compared with audiograms of harbor seals and harbor porpoises. Maximum 1/3-octave levels were in the range 106–126 dB re 1 ? ? Pa rms. Maximum range of audibility was estimated under two extreme assumptions on transmission loss (3 and 9 dB per doubling of distance respectively). Audibility was low for harbor porpoises extending 20–70 m from the foundation whereas audibility for harbor seals ranged from less than 100 m to several kilometers. Behavioral reactions of porpoises to the noise appear unlikely except if they are very close to the foundations. However behavioral reactions from seals cannot be excluded up to distances of a few hundred meters. It is unlikely that the noise reaches dangerous levels at any distance from the turbines and the noise is considered incapable of masking acoustic communication by seals and porpoises.

Jakob Tougaard; Oluf Damsgaard Henriksen; Lee A. Miller

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Acoustic paramagnetic logging tool  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

New methods and apparatus are disclosed which allow measurement of the presence of oil and water in geological formations using a new physical effect called the Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Effect (APLE). The presence of petroleum in formation causes a slight increase in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the reservoir. This is the phenomena of paramagnetism. Application of an acoustic source to a geological formation at the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present causes the paramagnetism of the formation to disappear. This results in a decrease in the earth3 s magnetic field in the vicinity of the oil bearing formation. Repetitively frequency sweeping the acoustic source through the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present (approx. 2 kHz) causes an amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field which is a consequence of the APLE. The amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field is measured with an induction coil gradiometer and provides a direct measure of the amount of oil and water in the excitation zone of the formation . The phase of the signal is used to infer the longitudinal relaxation times of the fluids present, which results in the ability in general to separate oil and water and to measure the viscosity of the oil present. Such measurements may be preformed in open boreholes and in cased well bores.

Vail, III, William B. (Bothell, WA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Modern Schoolroom Acoustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many teachers are faced with conducting classes in buildings that were obsolete thirty years ago. Others are or soon will be teaching in new schools which are in no way modern in some of their basic construction details. A classroom laboratory or auditorium is fundamentally a shelter in which the basic functions are seeing and hearing. Daylight provides satisfactory seeing a large part of the time. In spite of this about $1.50 per square foot is the average investment for auxiliary lighting while satisfactory acoustics is often completely overlooked or is the target of severe economy measures. Architects today are often eliminating or seriously compromising on the acoustical treatment expenditure while spending lavishly for less important materials. Eighty?five percent articulation will usually result in satisfactory hearing for adults because the context supplies the transitional ties. For children however especially the very young each word and every syllable is important. Excessive reverberation time or poor sound distribution may create conditions which seriously handicap the students and teachers alike. Modern medical methods have shown that poor eyes and poor hearing are often responsible for backward children who are really average or above average in mental ability. It is inexcusable to add to their natural handicaps those of poor architecture and poor engineering. Good acoustics is as fundamental as lighting and ventilation and much more attention should be paid to this phase of school design.

L. F. Yerges; M. A. Smith

1949-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator A low-power, inexpensive acoustic apparatus for levitation and/or concentration of aerosols and small liquid/solid samples having particulates up to several millimeters in diameter in air or other fluids is described. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator A low-power, inexpensive acoustic apparatus for levitation and/or concentration of aerosols and small liquid/solid samples having particulates up to several millimeters in diameter in air or other fluids is described. It is constructed from a commercially available, hollow cylindrical piezoelectric crystal which has been modified to tune the resonance frequency of the breathing mode resonance of the crystal to that

179

Acoustic emission during polymer crystallization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... .G.; part support to L.K.) Acoustic Emission, Special Technical Publication 505, ASTM, Philadelphia, 1971; Grabec, I. & Peterlin, A. J. Polymer Sci. ...

A. Galeski; L. Koenczoel; E. Piorkowska; E. Baer

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Acoustic Character Of Hydraulic Fractures In Granite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydraulic fractures in homogeneous granitic rocks were logged with conventional acoustic-transit-time, acoustic-waveform, and acoustic-televiewer logging systems. Fractured intervals ranged in depth from 45 to 570m. and ...

Paillet, Frederick I.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Aquatecture : underwater dwellings and sea born structures as paradigms of design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are many reasons for undertaking a work such as this. Among them are the benefits offered to society when we acknowledge the potential of submersible structures, The provision of habitable underwater space remains ...

Guillermo, Ricardo

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Rex 2 : design, construction, and operation of an unmanned underwater vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The practical usage of unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs) is limited by vehicle and operation cost, difficulty in accurate navigation, and communication between the vehicle and operator. The "Rex 2" UUV employs a system ...

Owens, Dylan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

A constant-mass fuel delivery system for use in underwater autonomous vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes the design and assembly of two constant-mass fuel tanks to be used in autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs). The fuel tanks are part of a power supply designed to increase AUV endurance without limiting ...

Saxton-Fox, Theresa Ann

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Conceptual design of a thrust-vectoring tailcone for underwater robotics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thrust-vectoring on Autonomous Underwater Vehicles is an appealing directional-control solution because it improves turning radius capabilities. Unfortunately, thrust-vectoring requires the entire propulsion system be ...

Nawrot, Michael T

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

The design of a compliant underwater angle sensor to investigate the kinematics of burrowing razor clams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents the detailed design process for a compliant underwater angle sensor to be used in analyzing the precise burrowing motions of razor clams in order to aid in the development of intelligent anchoring ...

Jones, Caitrin Elizabeth

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

A priori and on-line route optimization for unmanned underwater vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The U.S. military considers Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUVs) a critical component of the future for two primary reasons - they are effective force multipliers and a significant risk-reducing agent. As the military's ...

Crimmel, Brian A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

The creation of fiberglass tanks and parts for autonomous underwater vehicle constant buoyancy power supply  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this thesis was to construct and seal air and containment tanks and other parts for a constant buoyancy power supply for an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle, or AUV. While multiple materials and techniques were ...

Sack, Jean H. (Jean Hope)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Verification of a six-degree of freedom simulation model for the REMUS autonomous underwater vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mproving the performance of modular, low-cost autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) in such applications as long-range oceanographic survey, autonomous docking, and shallow-water mine countermeasures requires improving the ...

Prestero, Timothy (Timothy Jason), 1970-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Biomimetic oscillating foil propulsion to enhance underwater vehicle agility and maneuverability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inspired by the swimming abilities of marine animals, this thesis presents "Finnegan the RoboTurtle", an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) powered entirely by four flapping foils. Biomimetic actuation is shown to produce ...

Licht, Stephen Carl

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Development and validation of a conceptual design program for unmanned underwater vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With a renewed focus on the Asia-Pacific region, the United States Navy will increasingly rely on high-endurance unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs) to support successful operations in a challenging threat environment. ...

Laun, Alexander Walter, Ensign

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Underwater Noise Radiation Due to Transmission through the Cooling Water System of a Marine Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diesel engines fitted in modern surface ships are nowadays frequently subject to thorough treatment for the control of noise radiated underwater. That treatment increasingly extends beyond the primary measures...

M. Purshouse

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Dynamic response and maneuvering strategies of a hybrid autonomous underwater vehicle in hovering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Odyssey IV autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) is the next generation of unmanned subsurface robots from the MIT Sea Grant AUV Laboratory. The Odyssey IV AUV has a novel propulsion system, which includes a pair of ...

Cooney, Lauren Alise

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Influence of wet underwater welding on fracture values  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fracture behavior of welds is influenced by residual stresses. The influence of residual stresses on fracture parameters is investigated through the comparison of wet underwater welds, dry welds and welds without residual stresses. The fracture parameters for a sharp, stationary crack on the surface of a bead on plate weld under bending are determined by the finite element method. The geometric influence of weld on fracture parameters is investigated. The stress intensity factor for linear elastic fracture mechanics, the J-integral and the crack tip opening displacement for plastic fracture mechanics are calculated. The material behavior is assumed as linear elastic or linear elastic/ideal plastic or elastic plastic with multilinear isotropic hardening. The numerical data are compared with the experiments.

Lindhorst, L.; Hamann, R.; Mahrenholtz, O. [Technical Univ. of Hamburg-Harburg, Hamburg (Germany). Offshore Engineering Section 2; Kocak, M. [GKSS Research Center, Geesthacht (Germany). Inst. of Material Research

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

194

Oil/gas collector/separator for underwater oil leaks  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An oil/gas collector/separator for recovery of oil leaking, for example, from an offshore or underwater oil well. The separator is floated over the point of the leak and tethered in place so as to receive oil/gas floating, or forced under pressure, toward the water surface from either a broken or leaking oil well casing, line, or sunken ship. The separator is provided with a downwardly extending skirt to contain the oil/gas which floats or is forced upward into a dome wherein the gas is separated from the oil/water, with the gas being flared (burned) at the top of the dome, and the oil is separated from water and pumped to a point of use. Since the density of oil is less than that of water it can be easily separated from any water entering the dome.

Henning, Carl D. (Livermore, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Design and analysis of an Extended Kalman Filter based navigator for an autonomous underwater vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF AN EXTENDED KALMAN FILTER BASED NAVIGATOR FOR AN AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE A Thesis by BRADLEY EUGENE JUST Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1994 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF AN EXTENDED KALMAN FILTER BASED NAVIGATOR FOR AN AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE A Thesis by BRADLEY EUGENE JUST Submitted to Texas A...

Just, Bradley Eugene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

196

Case studies and installation data on the acoustical properties of a new class of translucent, lightweight insulation material from NASA called aerogel.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aerogels are well?known as a class of thermal insulation with “green” benefits including translucence hydrophobicity and light weight. However before 2008 the acoustical properties of aerogels had not been characterized. Used by NASA in the 1970s aerogels became available in the 1990s as insulation for the construction industry in skylights underwater pipelining and roofing fabric. In 2008 laboratory testing and field research began on the acoustical properties of thin profile (2–8 mm) architectural “tensile membrane” fabrics incorporating silica aerogel granules. Data from a tension structure in Vancouver—where aerogel?enhanced fabric was used to block aircraft noise—exhibited excellent acoustic absorption and acoustic impedance matching properties compared to insulators of comparable thickness. In this installation the material increased transmission loss of exterior to interior noise and reduced indoor reverberation. Also in 2008 U.S. field tests demonstrated an aerogel blanket material as a surface treatment in offices to reduce broadband reverberation resulting in increased speech intelligibility and enhanced acoustical comfort (an important factor in the 2009 LEED rating system). The acoustical attributes—combined with aerogel’s thermal value thin form factor translucence hydrophobicity light weight and absence of VOCs has led to growing interest in applications ranging from aircraft interiors to hospitals.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Environmental assessment of offshore wind power generation near Rhode Island: Acoustic and electromagnetic effects on marine animals.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An offshore wind farm is planned for Rhode Island coastal waters. The developer has proposed to deploy wind turbines in two stages: 5 turbines in shallow waters 5 km south of Block Island and 100 turbines in deeper waters 30 km to the east. As part of the planning of the proposed offshore wind powergeneration project under the Rhode Island Special Area Management Plan ambient acoustic and electromagneticmeasurements were made in the area. Two passive acoustic listener (PAL) systems were deployed within 4 km of Block Island from October 6 to November 11 2008. Data from the PALs were used to compute the ocean acousticnoise budget and other statistics by source. Transmission loss measurements were also made to support the noise budget calculation. Measurements of airborne noise from a 1.5?MW land?based wind turbine already in operation in Rhode Island were made. To support the electromagneticeffect study an underwater magnetometer was towed at the two proposed sites and over an operational underwater 23?kV power cable. A preliminary assessment of the effects of the offshore wind farm on marine animals at these sites will be presented. [Funding provided by the RI Office of Energy Resources.

James H. Miller; Gopu R. Potty; Kathleen Vigness Raposa; David Casagrande; Lisa Miller; Steven E. Crocker; Robert Tyce; Jonathan Preston; Brian Roderick; Jeffrey A. Nystuen; Peter M. Scheifele

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Acoustic Logs At Newberry Caldera Area (Combs, Et Al., 1999) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Acoustic Logs At Newberry Caldera Area (Combs, Et Al., 1999) Acoustic Logs At Newberry Caldera Area (Combs, Et Al., 1999) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Acoustic Logs At Newberry Caldera Area (Combs, Et Al., 1999) Exploration Activity Details Location Newberry Caldera Area Exploration Technique Acoustic Logs Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes The acoustic borehole televiewer (BHTV) was run twice in the wellbore with limited success. There were several problems with the tool's fimctions, but images were successfully obtained over the interval from 2748' to 3635'. References Jim Combs, John T. Finger, Colin Goranson, Charles E. Hockox Jr., Ronald D. Jacobsen, Gene Polik (1999) Slimhole Handbook- Procedures And Recommendations For Slimhole Drilling And Testing In Geothermal Exploration

199

Acoustic Logs At Alum Area (Moos & Ronne, 2010) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Acoustic Logs At Alum Geothermal Area (Moos & Ronne, Acoustic Logs At Alum Geothermal Area (Moos & Ronne, 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Alum Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Acoustic Logs Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes The results revealed that acoustic images are superior to electrical images to detect structurally important natural fractures and stress-induced wellbore breakouts and tensile wall fractures, and were adequate to detect stratigraphic features. References Daniel Moos, Joel Ronne (2010) Selecting The Optimal Logging Suite For Geothermal Reservoir Evaluation- Results From The Alum 25-29 Well, Nevada Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Acoustic_Logs_At_Alum_Area_(Moos_%26_Ronne,_2010)&oldid=510215" Categories: Exploration Activities

200

Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log At Alum Area (Moos & Ronne, 2010) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dipole Acoustic Log At Alum Area (Moos & Ronne, 2010) Dipole Acoustic Log At Alum Area (Moos & Ronne, 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log At Alum Geothermal Area (Moos & Ronne, 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Alum Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes A crossed-dipole acoustic log detected stress induced anisotropy in the sediments, and also appeared to be able to identify and orient steeply dipping, compliant and therefore possibly conductive fractures in basement rocks. Because the shear-wave velocity was extremely low throughout most of the sedimentary section dipole data was required for its determination. The analysis results, which included a stress determination based on an

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Acoustic Logs At Coso Geothermal Area (2005) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coso Geothermal Area (2005) Coso Geothermal Area (2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Acoustic Logs Activity Date 2005 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Well bore fracture analysis Notes Electrical and acoustic image logs have been collected from well 58A-10 in crystalline rock on the eastern margin. Electrical image logs appear to be sensitive to variations in mineralogy, porosity, and fluid content that highlight both natural fractures and rock fabrics. These fabric elements account for about 50% of the total population of planar structures seen in the electrical image log, but locally approach 100%. Acoustic image logs reveal a similar natural fracture population, but generally image slightly fewer fractures, and do not reveal rock fabric. Both logs also record

202

Wireless technology and library acoustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The modern library cannot function without modern technology. Printers copiers wireless computers and espresso machines all contribute to the soundscape of the typical municipal library (and many academic libraries too). While some of these noise sources are stationary and can be isolated acoustically wireless computing has transformed the acoustic experience for the typical library patron. Study carrels and desks used to define the boundaries of study and work areas in libraries and architects could design spaces accordingly. With wireless technology every space is a study space. This paper will discuss the implications of wireless technology on library acoustics. Measurement results at a variety of case study libraries will be presented.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Measurement of Acoustic Impedance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acoustic impedance of a sample of material forming one boundary of a shallow cylindrical cavity can be determined by measuring the sound pressure produced when a known volume current is injected into the cavity from a high impedance source. The volume current is effectively determined by observing the pressure when the cavity is terminated rigidly. An impedance determination is thus reduced to measurement of the complex ratio of two observed voltages. By designing a ring source to suppress the first radial mode of the cavity the upper frequency limit set by uniformity of pressure distribution is extended by at least an octave. By avoiding leaks measurements can also be extended to very low frequencies. Secondary effects due to finite source impedance viscosity and heat losses at the walls have been evaluated. The method appears to be simple rapid and precise.

O. K. El?Mawardi

1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Acoustically invisible cylinder  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coatings of new type recently proposed by the author (Acoustical Physics 2007 vol. 53 N5 pp. 535?545) are applied to bodies of cylindrical geometry to reduce reflection or scattering of sound and thus to make them undetectable by imaging systems. Such a coating called as a coating with extended reaction represents a periodic set of small elements with coupling between the neighboring elements. Appropriate choice of the coupling parameters makes its efficiency much higher than that of commonly used coatings. In the present paper it is shown by computer simulation that a rather simple coating of this type can reduce the back?scattered pressure amplitude more than 40 dB (with respect to the rigid cylinder) practically at all frequencies. Considerable reduction of the scattered power can also be achieved in a low frequency range. The width of this range and the reduction index depend on the number of couplings introduced into the coating.

Yuri Bobrovnitskii

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Acoustic Correlates of Information Structure.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper reports three studies aimed at addressing three questions about the acoustic correlates of information structure in English: (1) do speakers mark information structure prosodically, and, to the extent they do; ...

Breen, Mara

206

The Nereus Hybrid Underwater Robotic Vehicle for Global Ocean Science Operations to 11,000m Depth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is to provide the U.S. oceanographic community with the first capable and cost- effective vehicle for routineThe Nereus Hybrid Underwater Robotic Vehicle for Global Ocean Science Operations to 11,000m Depth-- This paper reports an overview of the new Nereus hybrid underwater vehicle and summarizes the vehicle's per

Whitcomb, Louis L.

207

Steady three dimensional gliding motion of an underwater glider Shaowei Zhang, Jiancheng Yu, Aiqun Zhang, and Fumin Zhang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with low power consumption. Underwater gliders are employed in deep sea exploration [4] and ocean Zhang, and Fumin Zhang Abstract-- Underwater Gliders have found broad applica- tions in ocean sampling dimensional gliding motion such as the spiraling motion. In [9], a first attempt is made to find numerical

Zhang, Fumin

208

Dusky Dolphin (Lagenorhynchus obscurus) Underwater Bait-Balling Behaviors and Acoustic Signals: A Comparison Between Argentina and New Zealand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to 13 fisheries impacts may affect dolphins? ability to forage effectively. This information allows us to make better management decisions regarding fisheries, ecotourism, protected areas, and noise. Although I focus on dusky dolphin coordinated...

Vaughn, Robin

2011-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

209

Proceedings of the Fifth European Conference on Underwater Acoustics, ECUA 2000 Edited by P. Chevret and M.E. Zakharia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the ocean creates a complex multipath signal at B during the first transmission, while the second to mismatch that can impact the coherence of TRMs, and hence degrade the focusing power of the array. Computer viable option for obtaining high data rates in the ocean, where the available bandwidth is inherently

Jesus, Sérgio M.

210

Acoustical Standards Play a Key Role in Optimized Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acoustical standards are important to heating ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) system manufacturers. Our participation in developing standards helps us by: (1) getting the right information to our customers; (2) avoiding conflicts between manufacturers and other organizations; and (3) preparing for changing system requirements. Being active in standards work helps us to agree with our customers on what is the correct information to provide. Providing accurate appropriate acoustical information for our solutions helps to make sure the system is applied correctly and increases the likelihood that customers will be satisfied with our systems.

Stephen J. Lind

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Parallel and real-time implementation of an acoustic echo canceller using oversampled wavelet frame algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes a novel echo cancellation system that eliminates nonstationary echoes with long acoustic delays in real-time. By combining subband adaptive filtering and active system identification based on fast wavelet transform...

Tam, Pak-Yin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

212

Shelf?break tidally induced environmental influences on acoustic propagation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Continuous wave propagation in the 100–500 Hz band in littoral regions depends upon both time?dependent oceanography and bathymetry. The environmental influences interact nonlinearly in the acoustical time variation especially since the diurnal tidesurface height changes creates time?dependent total water depth. A submesoscale hydrodynamic model developed by Shen and Evans is used with tidal forcing and a simple shelf?break bathymetry to produce surface height variation and internal wave activity due to internal tide in a stratified ocean environment. A three?dimensional parabolic equation acoustic model is used to acoustically probe this environment at various bearings relative to the shelf break and the resulting internal tidal dynamics. In particular the acoustical results are examined for three?dimensional effects such as horizontal refraction. First the influence of bathymetry alone is shown and then compared to the full environment due to hydrodynamic action. The relative influences will then be compared by various measures such as modal decomposition acoustic energy summed over depth and signal gain degradation. [This research is sponsored by the ONR.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Reflective echo tomographic imaging using acoustic beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An inspection system includes a plurality of acoustic beamformers, where each of the plurality of acoustic beamformers including a plurality of acoustic transmitter elements. The system also includes at least one controller configured for causing each of the plurality of acoustic beamformers to generate an acoustic beam directed to a point in a volume of interest during a first time. Based on a reflected wave intensity detected at a plurality of acoustic receiver elements, an image of the volume of interest can be generated.

Kisner, Roger; Santos-Villalobos, Hector J

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

214

Acoustic hemostasis: Underlying mechanisms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cessation of hemorrhage using extrinsic interventional methods is possible with delivery of energy to bleeding tissues i.e. cauterization. High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is one such method with significant advantages of delivering high levels of energy to well?defined regions of deep?seated tissues even during profuse bleeding. The physical mechanisms involved in this process include thermal and mechanical effects of HIFU leading to various biological effects. Our results using HIFU devices of 1–5 MHz and focal derated intensities of 1 000–10 000 W/cm2 in solid organs such as liver spleen and kidneys and major and minor blood vessels show that temperature of targeted tissues reaches 70–100°C within seconds with formation of microbubbles approximately 5??200 ? in size and concentration of 100 bubbles/mm3. It appears that boiling of interstitial fluids and blood and acoustic cavitation are both involved. The biological effects include coagulative necrosis mechanical disruption of tissue structure potentially leading to release of tissue factors enhancing the coagulation coagulum and thrombus formation at a wound site tissue fusion via collagen and elastin remodeling and fibrin plug formation with minimal damage of the surrounding tissues. These mechanisms appear to provide an effective and safe method of hemorrhage control. [Work supported by NIH DoD NSBRI.

Shahram Vaezy; Lawrence Crum; Steve Carter; Grant O’Keefe; Vesna Zderic; Roy Martin; Riyad Karmy?Jones

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Underwater noise generated by Columbia River hydroelectric dams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low?frequency (10–1000 Hz) underwater noise measurements have been made in water within and upstream from four Columbia River hydroelectric dams. The motivation for these measurements was to map out the sound field within and upstream from the power dams as a first step in understanding the effect of this field on the behavior of migrating salmonids that must choose between the bypass system or intakes to the turbines. Eventually sound may be used to guide the juvenile fish safely past the turbine intakes and into the bypass system. Thus far single hydrophonemeasurements have been made in the bypass slots within the dam and at a number of locations upstream from the dam. The noise level varies with location decreasing as the hydrophone is moved upsteam from the dam and as the hydrophone is moved closer to the water surface immediately upstream of the dam as well as in the bypass slot. The noise spectra below 200 Hz are highly modulated displaying one or more sharp peaks which indicates resonances in the structural generating mechanism or propagation path. The spectrum level and modulation vary significantly from one dam to another and sometimes from one configuration to another (e.g. when one of the turbines is on or off). A final set of measurements will be made at the Bonneville Dam using several hydrophones placed at a number of locations in the vicinity of the intake channel and these may help identify sources and propagation paths to the hydrophone. [Work sponsored by U. S. Army Corps of Engineers.

Robert T. Miyamoto; Steven O. McConnell; James J. Anderson; Blake E. Feist

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Study of the Acoustic Effects of Hydrokinetic Tidal Turbines in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrokinetic turbines will be a source of noise in the marine environment - both during operation and during installation/removal. High intensity sound can cause injury or behavioral changes in marine mammals and may also affect fish and invertebrates. These noise effects are, however, highly dependent on the individual marine animals; the intensity, frequency, and duration of the sound; and context in which the sound is received. In other words, production of sound is a necessary, but not sufficient, condition for an environmental impact. At a workshop on the environmental effects of tidal energy development, experts identified sound produced by turbines as an area of potentially significant impact, but also high uncertainty. The overall objectives of this project are to improve our understanding of the potential acoustic effects of tidal turbines by: (1) Characterizing sources of existing underwater noise; (2) Assessing the effectiveness of monitoring technologies to characterize underwater noise and marine mammal responsiveness to noise; (3) Evaluating the sound profile of an operating tidal turbine; and (4) Studying the effect of turbine sound on surrogate species in a laboratory environment. This study focuses on a specific case study for tidal energy development in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound, Washington (USA), but the methodologies and results are applicable to other turbine technologies and geographic locations. The project succeeded in achieving the above objectives and, in doing so, substantially contributed to the body of knowledge around the acoustic effects of tidal energy development in several ways: (1) Through collection of data from Admiralty Inlet, established the sources of sound generated by strong currents (mobilizations of sediment and gravel) and determined that low-frequency sound recorded during periods of strong currents is non-propagating pseudo-sound. This helped to advance the debate within the marine and hydrokinetics acoustic community as to whether strong currents produce propagating sound. (2) Analyzed data collected from a tidal turbine operating at the European Marine Energy Center to develop a profile of turbine sound and developed a framework to evaluate the acoustic effects of deploying similar devices in other locations. This framework has been applied to Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish Country's demonstration project in Admiralty Inlet to inform postinstallation acoustic and marine mammal monitoring plans. (3) Demonstrated passive acoustic techniques to characterize the ambient noise environment at tidal energy sites (fixed, long-term observations recommended) and characterize the sound from anthropogenic sources (drifting, short-term observations recommended). (4) Demonstrated the utility and limitations of instrumentation, including bottom mounted instrumentation packages, infrared cameras, and vessel monitoring systems. In doing so, also demonstrated how this type of comprehensive information is needed to interpret observations from each instrument (e.g., hydrophone data can be combined with vessel tracking data to evaluate the contribution of vessel sound to ambient noise). (5) Conducted a study that suggests harbor porpoise in Admiralty Inlet may be habituated to high levels of ambient noise due to omnipresent vessel traffic. The inability to detect behavioral changes associated with a high intensity source of opportunity (passenger ferry) has informed the approach for post-installation marine mammal monitoring. (6) Conducted laboratory exposure experiments of juvenile Chinook salmon and showed that exposure to a worse than worst case acoustic dose of turbine sound does not result in changes to hearing thresholds or biologically significant tissue damage. Collectively, this means that Chinook salmon may be at a relatively low risk of injury from sound produced by tidal turbines located in or near their migration path. In achieving these accomplishments, the project has significantly advanced the District's goals of developing a demonstration-scale tidal energy proj

Brian Polagye; Jim Thomson; Chris Bassett; Jason Wood; Dom Tollit; Robert Cavagnaro; Andrea Copping

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

217

Spring 2011 ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spring 2011 ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound Instructor-surface interaction. Spring 2011 1 ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound #12;Spring 2011 ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound Students are expected to: · Exhibit a level of mathematical maturity roughly equivalent

218

Lattice Boltzmann method for adiabatic acoustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Sauro Succi and Stefano Ubertini Lattice Boltzmann method for adiabatic acoustics...Burlington, MA 01803, USA The lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) has been proved...recovery of the full NS equations. lattice Boltzmann method|computational aero-acoustics...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

IN ACOUSTICS UndergraduateCourses2015  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPLYING SOUND KNOWLEDGE IN ACOUSTICS Acoustics UndergraduateCourses2015 #12;SOUTHA 2 #12;Reach-leadingacademicsoncoursesthataredesignedaroundyou. Wegetyoureadyfortheglobaljobsmarket,whilegivingyouagreat studentexperience. Acousticalcountriestoreducenoise REDUCING AIRCRAFT NOISE OurRollsRoyceUniversity TechnologyCentreforGas Turbine

Sóbester, András

220

Acoustic data transmission through a drill string  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Acoustical signals are transmitted through a drill string by canceling upward moving acoustical noise and by preconditioning the data in recognition of the comb filter impedance characteristics of the drill string. 5 figs.

Drumheller, D.S.

1988-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A method for numerical representation of arbitrary boundaries in acoustic wavefront propagation.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An enhancement to the application of a wavefront propagation algorithm for underwater acoustics based on the level set method is presented. The presence of discontinuities in the phase space at reflecting boundaries requires the use of specialized differencing techniques to prevent oscillations in the computed solutions of the acoustic phase. A weighted essentially non?oscillatory method is applied for this purpose necessitating the use of uniformly spaced grids over the computational domain. In order to represent arbitrary boundaries in this implementation one has to either modify the grid to include the boundary (reduces the convergence rate) or develop an appropriate boundary condition to apply within the region of interest. Earlier versions of this work approximated the actual boundary location by the location of the nearest grid point. This resulted in a stair?step effect in the solutions which resolves with finer grid resolution. However the phase space is high?dimensional; a highly resolved grid can be impractical. In this work a new method is proposed and validated which applies a model based on ray interactions with the boundary to improve results on sparser grids. [Work supported by ONR 333 and by the Science Mathematics & Research for Transformation (SMART) Program.

Sheri Martinelli

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Control Synthesis and Adaptation for an Underactuated Autonomous Underwater Vehicle 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

adaptation to changes in control authority. Our framework is a motion control system architecture which, the first a yaw maneuver of an AUV using only roll and pitch actuation, and the second a ``parking maneuver'' for an AUV. Experimental results for the yaw maneuver example are described. Keywords: Autonomous Underwater

Leonard, Naomi

223

Adaptive Sampling Algorithms for Multiple Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Dan O. Popa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

simulation environment, an underwater experimental platform using solar AUVs, and a land-based experimental localization and field variable uncertainties, energy and sampling time constraints, physical constraints such as nonholonomic vehicles or obstacles in the search space, as well as a limited communication bandwidth between

224

Underwater Bomb Trajectory Prediction for Stand-off Assault (Mine/IED) Breaching Weapon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Underwater Bomb Trajectory Prediction for Stand-off Assault (Mine/IED) Breaching Weapon Fuse To support the development and evaluation of the Stand-off Assault Breaching Weapon Fuse Improvement (SOABWFI/surf zones to VSW-zone, i.e., the Stand-off Assault Breaching Weapon Fuse Improvement (SOABWFI) program. #12

Chu, Peter C.

225

One Fish, Two Fish, Butterfish, Trumpeter: Recognizing Fish in Underwater Video  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One Fish, Two Fish, Butterfish, Trumpeter: Recognizing Fish in Underwater Video Andrew Rova Simon template object recognition method for classifying fish species in un- derwater video. This method can be a component of a system that automatically identifies fish by species, im- proving upon previous works which

Mori, Greg

226

Understanding fish behavior during typhoon events in real-life underwater environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding fish behavior during typhoon events in real-life underwater environments Concetto · Fang-Pang Lin · Daniela Giordano · Lynda Hardman · Robert B. Fisher Abstract The study of fish inevitably influenced the behavior of the fish under observation. Recent projects involving the installation

Fisher, Bob

227

Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2012 Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Test Tank and Obstacle Course  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PENNSTATE Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2012 Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Test Tank and Obstacle Course Overview The purpose of this project is to design and build a test tank to showcase multiple UUVs in a competition. The tank will be vital in demonstrating the abilities of the UUVs

Demirel, Melik C.

228

Estimation of Relative Position and Coordination of Mobile Underwater Robotic Platforms through Electric Sensing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Sensing Yannick Morel, Mathieu Porez, and Auke J. Ijspeert Abstract-- In the context of underwater this issue, we propose the use of electric sensing, with a technique inspired by weakly electric fishes. In particular, the approach relies on one or several of the agents applying an electric field

Boyer, Edmond

229

Remote robotic underwater grinding system and modeling for rectification of hydroelectric structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A submersible grinding robot has been designed to automate the dam gate metallic structure repair process. In order to measure and control the amount of material removed during the process, an empirical approach for modeling the material removal rate ... Keywords: Air injector, Grinding modeling, Material removal rate (MRR), Robotic grinding, Underwater grinding process, Water drag effect

Dominique Thuot; Zhaoheng Liu; Henri Champliaud; Julien Beaudry; Pierre-Luc Richard; Michel Blain

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Remote robotic underwater grinding system and modeling for rectification of hydroelectric structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A submersible grinding robot has been designed to automate the dam gate metallic structure repair process. In order to measure and control the amount of material removed during the process, an empirical approach for modeling the material removal rate (MRR) of the underwater grinding application is proposed and presented in this paper. The objective is to determine the MRR in terms of the process parameters such as cutting speed and grinding power over a range of variable wheel diameters. Experiments show that water causes drag and a significant loss of power occurs during grinding. An air injector encasing the grinding wheel has been prototyped, and it is shown that power loss can be reduced by up to 80%. A model, based on motor characterization and empirical relations among system and process parameters, is developed for predicting MRR which will be used for the robotic grinding control system. A validation is carried out through experiments, and confirms the good accuracy of the model for predicting the depth of cut for underwater grinding. A comparative study for dry and underwater grinding is also conducted through experiments and shows that the MRR is higher for underwater grinding than in dry conditions at low cutting speeds.

Dominique Thuot; Zhaoheng Liu; Henri Champliaud; Julien Beaudry; Pierre-Luc Richard; Michel Blain

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Effect of chordwise flexibility and depth of submergence on an oscillating plate underwater propulsion system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by fish and some other marine animals. The primary attention was the propulsive characteristics propulsion system by Oleksandr Barannyk B.Sc. in Mathematics and Computer Sciences, Poltava State University underwater propulsion system by Oleksandr Barannyk B.Sc. in Mathematics and Computer Sciences, Poltava State

Victoria, University of

232

The Meandering Current Mobility Model and its Impact on Underwater Mobile Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capture the physical movement of the sensor nodes with ocean currents gives better understanding autonomous devices that passively fol- low the ocean currents, for a review see [15]. Lagrangian autonomousThe Meandering Current Mobility Model and its Impact on Underwater Mobile Sensor Networks Antonio

Paparella, Francesco

233

Persistent Ocean Monitoring with Underwater Gliders: Towards Accurate Reconstruction of Dynamic Ocean Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to ocean currents. The speed control algorithm then optimizes the speed along the planned path so waters of large magnitude ocean currents, and is length constrained. Secondly, we develop a velocityPersistent Ocean Monitoring with Underwater Gliders: Towards Accurate Reconstruction of Dynamic

Smith, Ryan N.

234

Persistent Ocean Monitoring with Underwater Gliders: Path Plans and Adapting Sampling Resolution 3D/4D  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, penalized for navigating through waters of large magnitude ocean currents, and is length constrained. AlongPersistent Ocean Monitoring with Underwater Gliders: Path Plans and Adapting Sampling Resolution 3D Abstract Ocean processes are dynamic and complex events that occur on multiple different spatial

Frandsen, Jannette B.

235

IMPROVEMENT OF AUTOMATIC MAN-MADE OBJECT DETECTION IN UNDERWATER VIDEOS BY USING OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the calculation of the sun position in relation to the vehicle position, the detection with the distance from- dressed using a system with four steps: a detection step, a classification step, an identification step, and a neutralization step [1]. Nowadays, the trend is to de- sign autonomous systems (Autonomous underwater vehicles

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

236

Large area 3D reconstructions from underwater Oscar Pizarro, Ryan Eustice and Hanumant Singh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and validated system for processing optical images acquired from an underwater robotic vehicle to form a 3D of processing is a bundle adjustment that provides the 3D structure, camera poses and uncertainty estimates a robotic vehicle or towed sled. Such surveys are required to study hydrothermal vents and spreading ridges

Eustice, Ryan

237

Long-term underwater camera surveillance for monitoring and analysis of fish populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Long-term underwater camera surveillance for monitoring and analysis of fish populations Bastiaan J software to detect and recognise fish species. This footage is processed on supercomput- ers, which allow using a web-interface that allows them to display counts of fish species in the camera footage. 1

Fisher, Bob

238

Adaptive Path Planning for Tracking Ocean Fronts with an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Path Planning for Tracking Ocean Fronts with an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Ryan N an ocean front for ecological purposes. At the high level, we envision the scenario shown in Fig. 1 front with an Autonomous Under- water Vehicle (AUV) based on predictions and/or pri- ors provided

Smith, Ryan N.

239

Random Access Compressed Sensing for Energy-Efficient Underwater Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nodes are anchored to the bottom of the ocean and deployed for long periods of time. Each sensor node reconstructs the map of the physical field. Bandwidth and battery power are severely limited in underwater [3][4]. Authors in [5] are the first to introduce the application of compressed sensing in networks

Hochberg, Michael

240

Acoustic privacy and health care.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acoustic privacy can be differentiated into two categories: freedom from intrusive noise such as a person snoring or wheezing in the next bed traffic outside the windows carts in the hallways and footsteps on the floor above; and speech privacy—the freedom from being overheard and of overhearing others. Providing the proper acoustical environment and the protecting privacy must be a joint effort between the facility designers and hospital staff. A brief discussion of the basic requirements for speech privacy and HIPAA privacy and a quality background sound will be presented.

Neil Moiseev

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Acoustic and seismic measurement of ice processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As sea ice responds to environmental forcing it deforms leading to the storage of strain energy. When mechanical failure occurs most of this energy is dissipated through fracturing but a small portion radiates as seismic and acoustic waves. These waves provide useful signals for sensing the failure process in the ice. In a recent ice mechanics experiment conducted north of Prudhoe Bay (SIMI ’94) a large number of ice failure events were observed using geophone and hydrophone arrays. Preliminary results are presented including a large?scale tensile fracture test and naturally occurring sounds near a closing lead. For the artificial fracture the acoustic signals allow determination of cracking rate fracture advance and crack propagation velocities. The overall crack propagation speed is estimated to be of order 50 m?s?1; maximum cracking activities occur prior to peak loading. In the second data set the naturally occurring stick?slip process was observed as two ice sheets moved against each other in a closing lead. A wide range of frequencies can occur simultaneously representing different components of the sliding and slipping mechanisms.

David M. Farmer; Yunbo Xie

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Keyboard Acoustic Emanations Scott Leishman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this step is the matrix. After that, the Viterbi algorithm [11] is used to infer qi, i.e. the best sequenceKeyboard Acoustic Emanations Scott Leishman ML Tea Talk - May 3rd, 2006 1 (or why you shouldn

Roweis, Sam

243

Acoustic Energy and Stellar Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the thermodynamic limitations of the generation of acoustic energy in stars. Quite recently, M. Schwarzschild and R. S. Richardson suggested that the transfer of energy in stars may, ... a heat engine, and this consideration does not support the views expressed by Richardson and Schwarzschild in dealing with the stellar model of red giants. In this model they suggest ...

1949-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

244

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic oscillation signature Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

47 ACOUSTICAL EFFECTS OF INTERNAL TIDES ACOUSTICAL EFFECTS OF INTERNAL TIDES ON SHALLOW WATER Summary: ACOUSTICAL EFFECTS OF INTERNAL TIDES ACOUSTICAL EFFECTS OF INTERNAL TIDES...

245

Design of an autonomous underwater vehicle to evaluate the blazed array sonar and simultaneous localization and mapping algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis has investigated aspects of the design of a new highly maneuverable Autonomous Underwater Vehicle - the XAUV. The overall goal for the design of this vehicle is to create a small, highly maneuverable AUV that ...

Uhle, Matthew William

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

On the creation and development of future underwater power supply during reclamation of continental shelf and World Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A description is given of an environmentally friendly electric motor and transformer that operate in seawater and have no analogs in the world, as well as of the future underwater power supply during the developm...

V. I. Vetokhin

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Acoustic Logs At Raft River Geothermal Area (1979) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Raft River Geothermal Area (1979) Raft River Geothermal Area (1979) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Acoustic Logs Activity Date 1979 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis To permit the lateral and vertical extrapolation of core and test data and bridged the gap between surface geophysical data and core analyses. Notes Televiewer logs permitted the location and orientation of numerous fractures and several features that may be faults. References Keys, W. S.; Sullivan, J. K. (1 June 1979) Role of borehole geophysics in defining the physical characteristics of the Raft River geothermal reservoir, Idaho Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Acoustic_Logs_At_Raft_River_Geothermal_Area_(1979)&oldid=473816"

248

Graduate studies in acoustics and noise control in the School of Mechanical Engineering at Purdue University  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acoustics community at Purdue University will be described with special emphasis on the graduate program in Mechanical Engineering (ME). Purdue is home to around 30 faculty who study various aspects of acoustics and related disciplines and so there are many classes to choose from as graduate students structure their plans of study to complement their research activities and to broaden their understanding of the various aspects of acoustics. In Mechanical Engineering the primary emphasis is on understanding noise generation noise propagation and the impact of noise on people as well as development of noise control strategies experimental techniques and noise and noise impact prediction tools. The ME acoustics research is conducted at the Ray W. Herrick Laboratories which houses several large acoustics chambers that are designed to facilitate testing of a wide array mechanical systems reflecting the Laboratories’ long history of industry-relevant research. Complementing the acoustics research Purdue has vibrations dynamics and electromechanical systems research programs and is home to a collaborative group of engineering and psychology professors who study human perception and its integration into engineering design. There are also very strong ties between ME acoustics faculty and faculty in Biomedical Engineering and Speech Language and Hearing Sciences.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Cylindrical acoustic levitator/concentrator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A low-power, inexpensive acoustic apparatus for levitation and/or concentration of aerosols and small liquid/solid samples having particulates up to several millimeters in diameter in air or other fluids is described. It is constructed from a commercially available, hollow cylindrical piezoelectric crystal which has been modified to tune the resonance frequency of the breathing mode resonance of the crystal to that of the interior cavity of the cylinder. When the resonance frequency of the interior cylindrical cavity is matched to the breathing mode resonance of the cylindrical piezoelectric transducer, the acoustic efficiency for establishing a standing wave pattern in the cavity is high. The cylinder does not require accurate alignment of a resonant cavity. Water droplets having diameters greater than 1 mm have been levitated against the force of gravity using; less than 1 W of input electrical power. Concentration of aerosol particles in air is also demonstrated.

Kaduchak, Gregory (Los Alamos, NM); Sinha, Dipen N. (Los Alamos, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Acoustic behavior of triple glazings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Making of triple glazings is the only way to still improve thermal performances of Insulating Glass Units. Possible ways with double glazings are already in use: increase the space between glasses use low emissivity coatings and special gas with lower thermal conductivity as argon or krypton. Specific acoustic weak point of double glazings is the resonance between the two panes which works as a mass spring mass system and coupling of eigenmodes of panes through the air (gas) cavity. These phenomena are of course still more important with triple glazings as there are two resonances. The paper will give all comparative data concerning thermal and acoustic performances and describe a way to achieve the same single number values of sound transmission loss with triple glazing that with double glazing by adding absorption in the gas cavities.

Marc Rehfeld; David Fournier

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Acoustic characteristics of English fricatives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of noise spectrum, while there are some data suggesting that /f,v/ may be distin- guished from /Y,Z/ on the basis of transition information.a!Electronic mail: jongman@ukans.edu 1252 1252J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 108 (3), Pt. 1, Sep 2000 0001...! Variance ~MHz! Skewness Kurtosis /f,v/ 5108 6.37 0.077 2.11 /T,D/ 5137 6.19 20.083 1.27 /s,z/ 6133 2.92 20.229 2.36 /S,Z/ 4229 3.38 0.693 0.421257 J. Acoust. Soc. Am., Vol. 108, No. 3, Pt. 1, Sep 2000with h2 ranging from 0.001 for skewness to 0.004 for spec...

Jongman, Allard; Wayland, Ratree; Wong, Serena

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Admixture enhanced controlled low-strength material for direct underwater injection with minimal cross-contamination  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Commercially available admixtures have been developed for placing traditional concrete products under water. This paper evaluates adapting anti-washout admixture (AWA) and high range water reducing admixture (HRWRA) products to enhance controlled low-strength materials (CLSMs) for underwater placement. A simple experimental scale model (based on dynamic and geometric similitude) of typical grout pump emplacement equipment has been developed to determine the percentage of cementing material washed out. The objective of this study was to identify proportions of admixtures and underwater CLSM emplacement procedures which would minimize the cross-contamination of the displaced water while maintaining the advantages of CLSM. Since the displaced water from radioactively contaminated systems must be subsequently treated prior to release to the environment, the amount of cross-contamination is important for cases in which cementing material could form hard sludges in a water treatment facility and contaminate the in-place CLSM stabilization medium.

Hepworth, H.K.; Davidson, J.S.; Hooyman, J.L.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Vertical axis wind turbine acoustics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Acoustics Charlie Pearson Corpus Christi College Cambridge University Engineering Department A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy September 2013 Declaration Described in this dissertation is work... quickly to changing wind conditions, small- scale vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs) have been proposed as an efficient solution for deployment in built up areas, where the wind is more gusty in nature. If VAWTs are erected in built up areas...

Pearson, Charlie

2014-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

254

Bearing Stabilization and Tracking for an AUV with an Acoustic Line Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-- Passive underwater detection and tracking sonar systems using autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) have of measuring stabilized true target bearings. I. INTRODUCTION Underwater detection and tracking systems have, and provides target track information to a behavior-based vehicle control system which attempts to maneuver

Schmidt, Henrik

255

Ecological & Environmental Acoustic Remote Sensor (EcoEARS) Application for Long-Term Monitoring and Assessment of Wildlife  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Assessment of Wildlife Gonzalo Sanchez; President, Sanchez Industrial Design, Inc., 3510 Beltline Hwy due to water, wind, geologic activity (the Geophony), acoustic signals can provide information about. Signal analysis techniques to identify wildlife and simultaneous collection of environmental parameters

Maher, Robert C.

256

Frustrated total internal reflection acoustic field sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A frustrated total internal reflection acoustic field sensor which allows the acquisition of the acoustic field over an entire plane, all at once. The sensor finds use in acoustic holography and acoustic diffraction tomography. For example, the sensor may be produced by a transparent plate with transparent support members tall enough to support one or more flexible membranes at an appropriate height for frustrated total internal reflection to occur. An acoustic wave causes the membrane to deflect away from its quiescent position and thus changes the amount of light that tunnels through the gap formed by the support members and into the membrane, and so changes the amount of light reflected by the membrane. The sensor(s) is illuminated by a uniform tight field, and the reflection from the sensor yields acoustic wave amplitude and phase information which can be picked up electronically or otherwise.

Kallman, Jeffrey S. (Pleasanton, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Calculation of safe parameters of air shock waves for underwater explosions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper proposes a functional relationship for the calculation of the pressure at an air shock-wave front in underwater explosions of plaster-blasting charges. The maximum permissible mass of the charge and safe distance for objects can be calculated for an assigned value of the critical pressure at the air shock-wave front. The authors also state that this work was conducted as there are practically no significant results of experimental or theoretical investigations of this problem.

Smolii, N.I.; Ganopol'skii, M.I.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Processing dipole acoustic logging data to image fracture network in shale gas reservoirs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A recent advance in borehole remote acoustic reflection imaging is the utilization of a dipole acoustic system in a borehole to emit and receive elastic waves to and from a remote geologic reflector in formation. An important application of this new technique is the delineation of fracture network in shale gas reservoirs as interest and activities in shale gas exploration increase in China. We develop a data processing procedure and implement it to handle routine processing of dipole acoustic logging data. The procedure takes into account the characteristics of the dipole data such as frequency dispersion attenuation recording length and dipole source orientation etc. to obtain an image of reflectors within 20~30 meters around the borehole. We have applied the technique to process dipole acoustic data from several wells drilled into gas reservoirs in China. The obtained images clearly identify major fracture network in the gas producing intervals of the reservoir demonstrating the effectiveness of the imaging technique.

Zhuang Chunxi; Su Yuanda; Tang Xiaoming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Prediction of underwater noise and far field propagation due to pile driving for offshore wind farms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind energy plays a key role towards a greener and more sustainable energy generation. Due to limited onshore areas and possible negative effects on human living space offshore wind parks become increasingly popular. However during construction by pile driving high levels of underwater sound emission are observed. To avoid negative effects on marine mammals and other sea life different approaches are currently investigated to cut down the sound pressure levels like e.g. bubble curtains or cofferdams. In order to predict the expected underwater noise both with and without sound damping measures numerical simulation models are needed to avoid complex and costly offshore tests. Within this contribution possible modelling strategies for the prediction of underwater noise due to pile driving are discussed. Different approaches are shown for the direct adjacencies of the pile and for the far field sound propagation. The effectivity of potential noise mitigation measures is investigated using a detailed finite element model of the surroundings of the pile. Far field propagation in the kHz range at distances of several kilometres from the pile on the other hand is computed by a model based on wavenumber integration. Finally the model validation with corresponding offshore tests is addressed.

Stephan Lippert; Tristan Lippert; Kristof Heitmann; Otto Von Estorff

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Prediction of underwater noise and far field propagation due to pile driving for offshore wind farms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind energy plays a key role toward a greener and more sustainable energy generation. Due to limited onshore areas and possible negative effects on human living space offshore wind parks become increasingly popular. During construction by pile driving however high levels of underwater sound emission are observed. To avoid negative effects on marine mammals and other sea life different approaches like e.g. bubble curtains or cofferdams are currently investigated to cut down the sound pressure levels. In order to predict the expected underwater noise both with and without sound damping measures numerical simulation models are needed to avoid complex and costly offshore tests. Within this contribution possible modeling strategies for the prediction of underwater noise due to pile driving are discussed. Different approaches are shown for the direct adjacencies of the pile and for the far field sound propagation. The effectivity of potential noise mitigation measures is investigated using a detailed finite element model of the surroundings of the pile. The far field propagation in the kilohertz range at distances of several kilometer from the pile on the other hand is computed by a model based on wavenumber integration. Finally the model validation with corresponding offshore tests is addressed.

Stephan Lippert; Tristan Lippert; Kristof Heitmann

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Remote-Controlled Inspection Robot for Nuclear Facilities in Underwater Environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A remote-controlled inspection robot for nuclear facilities was developed. This is a underwater robot technology combined with inspection and flaw removal technologies. This report will describe the structure and performance of this robot. The inspection robot consists of two parts. The one is driving equipment, and the other is inspection and grinding units. It can swim in the tank, move around the tank wall, and stay on the inspection area. After that it starts inspection and flaw removal with a special grinding wheel. This technology had been developed to inspect some Radioactive Waste (RW) tanks in operating nuclear power plants. There are many RW tanks in these plants, which human workers can be hard to access because of a high level dose. This technology is too useful for inspection works of human-inaccessible areas. And also, in conventional inspection process, some worker go into the tank and set up scaffolding after full drainage and decontamination. It spends too much time for these preparations. If tank inspection and flaw removal can be performed in underwater, the outage period will be reduced. Remote-controlled process can be performed in underwater. This is the great advantage for plant owners. Since 1999 we have been applying this inspection robot to operating nuclear 11 facilities in Japan. (authors)

Yasuhiro Miwa; Syuichi Satoh; Naoya Hirose [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Company Ltd., 1 Shin-Nakaharacho, Isogoku, Yokohama 235-8501 (Japan)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Assessment of a multi-stage underwater vehicle concept using a fossil-fuel Stirling engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Stirling Engine because of its inherent closed-cycle operation can be readily modified to work in an airless environment even if the primary source of energy is a fossil fuel. Thus, Stirling engines are well suited for use in the underwater environment and have been operated successfully in manned military submarines since the early 1980s. In recent years fossil fueled Stirling systems have been also proposed for use in small unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs). However, in this case the need to carry an onboard oxygen supply in a very confined space has presented a number of design difficulties. These are identified in the paper. However, if the oxidant supply to the engine is provided by the membrane extraction of dissolved oxygen from seawater and/or disposable fuel/oxidant pods are used then the UUV Stirling system becomes more attractive. If this latter concept is extended to include multi-stage vehicles then it can be shown that fossil fueled Stirlings could also be put to effective use in long range-long endurance underwater vehicular operations.

Reader, G.T.; Potter, I.J. [Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

263

Successfully merging architectural and electronic acoustical treatments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In enclosed volumes the integration of electronic acoustical components with architectural surface treatments forms a hybrid system that produces the perceived acoustical conditions. Since the underlying operating principles for electro-acoustic enhancement systems differs considerably between manufacturers the requirements for system infrastructure are not germane nor is the optimum integration of architectural treatments. As a result the nature of the work performed by the acoustical consultant changes to accommodate optimum performance of the specific “hybrid” system which may also include other forms of variable treatments.

Steve Barbar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Surface acoustic wave for microfluidic applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Surface acoustic wave-based (SAW) microfluidics attracts attention from microfluidic research community due to its simple fabrication, large force and fast, yet efficient operation. The scope… (more)

Luong, Trung Dung.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Acoustic concentration of particles in fluid flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An apparatus for acoustic concentration of particles in a fluid flow includes a substantially acoustically transparent membrane and a vibration generator that define a fluid flow path therebetween. The fluid flow path is in fluid communication with a fluid source and a fluid outlet and the vibration generator is disposed adjacent the fluid flow path and is capable of producing an acoustic field in the fluid flow path. The acoustic field produces at least one pressure minima in the fluid flow path at a predetermined location within the fluid flow path and forces predetermined particles in the fluid flow path to the at least one pressure minima.

Ward, Michael D. (Los Alamos, NM); Kaduchak, Gregory (Los Alamos, NM)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

266

Acoustic Concentration Of Particles In Fluid Flow  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in a fluid flow includes a substantially acoustically transparent membrane and a vibration generator that define a fluid flow path therebetween. Available for thumbnail of...

267

Acoustic resonance for nonmetallic mine detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The feasibility of acoustic resonance for detection of plastic mines was investigated by researchers at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s Instrumentation and Controls Division under an internally funded program. The data reported in this paper suggest that acoustic resonance is not a practical method for mine detection. Representative small plastic anti-personnel mines were tested, and were found to not exhibit detectable acoustic resonances. Also, non-metal objects known to have strong acoustic resonances were tested with a variety of excitation techniques, and no practical non-contact method of exciting a consistently detectable resonance in a buried object was discovered. Some of the experimental data developed in this work may be useful to other researchers seeking a method to detect buried plastic mines. A number of excitation methods and their pitfalls are discussed. Excitation methods that were investigated include swept acoustic, chopped acoustic, wavelet acoustic, and mechanical shaking. Under very contrived conditions, a weak response that could be attributed to acoustic resonance was observed, but it does not appear to be practical as a mine detection feature. Transfer properties of soil were investigated. Impulse responses of several representative plastic mines were investigated. Acoustic leakage coupling, and its implications as a disruptive mechanism were investigated.

Kercel, S.W.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Numerical Modeling of Acoustic Timescale Detonation Initiation Using the Adaptive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical Modeling of Acoustic Timescale Detonation Initiation Using the Adaptive Wavelet 2008 #12;This thesis entitled: Numerical Modeling of Acoustic Timescale Detonation Initiation Using. (Ph.D.) Numerical Modeling of Acoustic Timescale Detonation Initiation Using the Adaptive Wavelet

Vasilyev, Oleg V.

269

Physiological Bases of Acoustic LRT in Nonstutterers, Mild  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physiological Bases of Acoustic LRT in Nonstutterers, Mild Stutterers, and Severe Stutterers* Ben C stutterers' prolonged acoustic laryngeal reaction time (LRT) values. Prephonatory kinematic data were foreperiods. Acoustic data replicated a previously observed composite stuttering severity and foreperiod

270

Acoustic Logs At Steamboat Springs Area (Combs, Et Al., 1999) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Steamboat Springs Area (Combs, Et Al., 1999) Steamboat Springs Area (Combs, Et Al., 1999) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Acoustic Logs At Steamboat Springs Area (Combs, Et Al., 1999) Exploration Activity Details Location Steamboat Springs Area Exploration Technique Acoustic Logs Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Two other Sandia instruments were used briefly: the acoustic borehole televiewer (BHTV) yielded wellbore images down to 520';and a Sandia memory tool gave pressuretemperature data for a shut-in test at the end of the project. Because no oriented core has been collected in this field, the televiewer images giving fracture direction were extremely M.ormative, but the BHTV could not be used at greater depths because of its temperature

271

Acoustics as a Human Science  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There was a time when acoustics was only a human science but this changed as philosophers learned to use mathematical and other measurement tools for ordering and validating their thought processes. This century has seen many changes in the description of the field as a whole and the human aspects continue to be among the most perplexing. The highlights of accomplishments to date some observations on our current status of knowledge and some projections into the future are presented for your entertainment—if not for your information.

S. S. Stevens

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Acoustical Communications for Wireless Downhole Telemetry Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on this testbed in order to characterize the channel behavior are explained as well. Moreover, the large scale statistics of the acoustic waves along the pipe string are described. Results of this work indicate that acoustic waves experience a frequency- dependent...

Farraj, Abdallah

2012-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

273

ACOUSTIC FORMING FOR ENHANCED DEWATERING AND FORMATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The next generation of forming elements based on acoustic excitation to increase drainage and enhances formation both with on-line control and profiling capabilities has been investigated in this project. The system can be designed and optimized based on the fundamental experimental and computational analysis and investigation of acoustic waves in a fiber suspension flow and interaction with the forming wire.

Cyrus K Aidun

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

274

Multiresolution Reproducing Kernel Particle Methods in Acoustics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and reliability of dynamic analysis. This is of great importance because the noise prediction of a complexMultiresolution Reproducing Kernel Particle Methods in Acoustics R. A. Uras Reactor Engineering In the analysis of complex phenomena of acoustic systems, the computational model­ ing requires special attention

Liu, Wing Kam

275

R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, © 2012 Tutorial Created in Comsol 4.3 (2012) #12;R. White Variables ­ space and time (x,y,z,t) Dependent Variables ­ unknown field (such as u) #12;R. White, Comsol (such as u) #12;R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, © 2012 Finite Element Analysis (FEA / FEM) ­ 1

White, Robert D.

276

Experiments with Underwater Robot Localization and Tracking Peter Corke, Carrick Detweiler, Matthew Dunbabin, Michael Hamilton,Daniela Rus and Iuliu Vasilescu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experiments with Underwater Robot Localization and Tracking Peter Corke, Carrick Detweiler, Matthew of underwater robot localization are compared. The first method is based on a geometric approach in which investigated localization using vision as a primary navigation sensor for robots moving in 6DOF, for example

Hamilton, Michael P.

277

Uncertainty-Driven View Planning for Underwater Inspection Geoffrey A. Hollinger, Brendan Englot, Franz Hover, Urbashi Mitra, and Gaurav S. Sukhatme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in inspecting underwater structures and environments, such as docked ships, sub- marines, and the ocean floor- derwater structure, such as a submerged ship hull, with an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV). In such scenarios, the goal is to construct an accurate 3D model of the structure and to detect any anomalies (e

Sukhatme, Gaurav S.

278

Acoustics of technology enabled collaborative learning environments.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Collaborative classrooms and workstations are increasingly common in higher education buildings. These spaces present unique acoustical challenges that force designers to rethink traditional concepts and solutions. In student?centered classrooms the lecturer is removed as the visual and acoustical center of attention. Instead students are seated in groups around technology enabled workstations often facing away from the lecturer and other students. Acoustical conditions must support small?group interaction classroom discussion and learning via multimedia content. Outside the classroom collaborative workstations vary greatly but typically facilitate small?group interaction around a multimedia display and/or work surface. To promote impromptu use by students these spaces are often open to highly public areas of learning commons classroom buildings and digital libraries. Traditional noise control solutions fail to isolate these spaces without compromising their spontaneous feel and function. Despite obvious acoustical challenges both space types will continue to proliferate and new acoustical solutions must be developed.

Gregory A. Coudriet; Jeffery E. Babich

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Underwater Human-Robot Interaction via Biological Motion Identification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and track human motion. Our objective is to enable human-robot interaction by allowing a robot to follow the detection and tracking of the human operator using the spatio-temporal signature of human motion cues have been shown to be powerful indicators of human activity and have been used

280

Project of the underwater system for chemical threat detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article we describe a novel method for the detection of explosives and other hazardous substances in the marine environment using neutron activation. Unlike the other considered methods based on this technique we propose to use guides forneutron and gamma quanta which speeds up and simplifies identification. Moreover, it may provide a determination of the density distribution of a dangerous substance. First preliminary results of Monte Carlo simulations dedicated for design of a device exploiting this method are also presented.

Silarski, M; Moskal, P; Smolis, M; Tadeja, S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, 2/25/08  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, 2/25/08 #12;R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, 2,y,z,t) Dependent Variables ­ unknown field (such as u) #12;R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, 2/25/08 Finite ­ space and time (x,y,z,t) Dependent Variables ­ unknown field (such as u) #12;R. White, Comsol Acoustics

White, Robert D.

282

ACOUSTICAL IMAGING AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF SOFT ROCK AND MARINE SEDIMENTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The research during this project has concentrated on developing a correlation between rock deformation mechanisms and their acoustic velocity signature. This has included investigating: (1) the acoustic signature of drained and undrained unconsolidated sands, (2) the acoustic emission signature of deforming high porosity rocks (in comparison to their low porosity high strength counterparts), (3) the effects of deformation on anisotropic elastic and poroelastic moduli, and (4) the acoustic tomographic imaging of damage development in rocks. Each of these four areas involve triaxial experimental testing of weak porous rocks or unconsolidated sand and involves measuring acoustic properties. The research is directed at determining the seismic velocity signature of damaged rocks so that 3-D or 4-D seismic imaging can be utilized to image rock damage. These four areas of study are described in the report: (1) Triaxial compression experiments have been conducted on unconsolidated Oil Creek sand at high confining pressures. (2) Initial experiments on measuring the acoustic emission activity from deforming high porosity Danian chalk were accomplished and these indicate that the AE activity was of a very low amplitude. (3) A series of triaxial compression experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of induced stress on the anisotropy developed in dynamic elastic and poroelastic parameters in rocks. (4) Tomographic acoustic imaging was utilized to image the internal damage in a deforming porous limestone sample. Results indicate that the deformation damage in rocks induced during laboratory experimentation can be imaged tomographically in the laboratory. By extension the results also indicate that 4-D seismic imaging of a reservoir may become a powerful tool for imaging reservoir deformation (including imaging compaction and subsidence) and for imaging zones where drilling operation may encounter hazardous shallow water flows.

Thurman E. Scott, Jr.; Younane Abousleiman

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Activities  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Activities and events provide Residential Network members the opportunity to discuss similar needs and challenges, and to collectively identify effective strategies and useful resources.

284

Adhesion of Mussel Foot Protein Mefp-5 to Mica: An Underwater Superglue  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Adhesion of Mussel Foot Protein Mefp-5 to Mica: An Underwater Superglue ... (11) However, Mefp-5 requires rather higher laser power than Mefp-3 to be desorbed and ionized from surfaces during in situ footprint analysis by MALDI TOF mass spectrometry. ... 1758) feet were removed in batches of 150 as follows:(12) a pooled harvest of glands weighing 5–10 g was prepared by successive extraction using two buffer treatments: (A) 5% acetic acid with protease inhibitors (1 ?M leupeptin and pepstatin and 10 mM EDTA) and (B) 5% acetic acid and 8 M urea. ...

Eric W. Danner; Yajing Kan; Malte U. Hammer; Jacob N. Israelachvili; J. Herbert Waite

2012-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

285

Underwater and water-assisted laser processing: Part 1—general features, steam cleaning and shock processing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water is always present in laser processing in air: as vapor, condensate or adsorbate. Water is the working environment in underwater processing—but it can also be added on purpose to gain better results: to avoid redeposition of debris, to cool the material, to increase plasma pressure or to conduct light. Water can also act as a chemical reagent. The first part of the article will review the advantages and disadvantages of laser processing in the presence of water, light transmission by water, and the two most mature methods of water-assisted laser processing: steam cleaning and shock processing.

Arvi Kruusing

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

22nd IAEA-FEC Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic Modes: ... 1 Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

22nd IAEA-FEC Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic Modes: ... 1 Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic Zonca, Liu Chen and Zhiyong Qiu #12;22nd IAEA-FEC Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic Modes: ... 2 Chen and Zhiyong Qiu #12;22nd IAEA-FEC Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic Modes: ... 3 2 Linear

Zonca, Fulvio

287

Writing magnetic patterns with surface acoustic waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel patterning technique that creates magnetization patterns in a continuous magnetostrictive film with surface acoustic waves is demonstrated. Patterns of 10??m wide stripes of alternating magnetization and a 3??m dot of reversed magnetization are written using standing and focusing acoustic waves, respectively. The magnetization pattern is size-tunable, erasable, and rewritable by changing the magnetic field and acoustic power. This versatility, along with its solid-state implementation (no moving parts) and electronic control, renders it as a promising technique for application in magnetic recording, magnonic signal processing, magnetic particle manipulation, and spatial magneto-optical modulation.

Li, Weiyang; Buford, Benjamin; Jander, Albrecht; Dhagat, Pallavi, E-mail: dhagat@eecs.oregonstate.edu [School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331 (United States)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

288

Acoustic probing of salt using sonar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACOUSTIC PROBING OF SALT USING SONAR A Thesis by KENNETH BRYAN BUTLER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Oecember 1977 Major Subject...: Geophysics ACOUSTIC PROBING OF SALT USING SONAR A Thesis by KENNETH BRYAN BUTLER Approved as to style and content by: C airman of Com ttee ea of e r nt em er ember December 1977 ABSTRACT Acoustic Probing of Salt Using Sonar. (December 1977...

Butler, Kenneth Bryan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

289

Study on acoustics for SSC measurements Using the acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

................................................................................................................................. 1 2. Background of higher- frequency, acoustic backscatterance sensors (ABS, for a review see Thorne and Hanes, 2002), and optical backscatterance sensors (OBS), whose sample ranges ar

Voulgaris, George

290

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic environments prediction Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Introduction The Acoustic Oceanographic Buoy... (AOB) is a light acoustic receiving device that incorporates acoustic and ... Source: Jesus, Srgio M. - Departamento de...

291

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic energy-driven fluid Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search results for: acoustic energy-driven fluid Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Acoustic Identification of Unknown Fluids Summary: Acoustic Identification of Unknown Fluids...

292

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic field evaluation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

nanoparticles using bulk acoustic waves Bart Raeymaekers,a Summary: nanoparticles a one dimensional acoustic field and b two-dimensional acoustic field. 014317-2 Raeymaekers......

293

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Acoustics Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Acoustics Program Acoustics Program Developed to help designers accurately model the sound level reaching building tenant's ears, the Trane Acoustics Program (TAP) "projects" equipment sound power data through the surroundings (e.g., floors, ductwork, walls), to estimate the sound level that will be heard. Industry-standard calculations published by ASHRAE's 1991 Algorithms for HVAC Acoustics handbook are the basis for this estimate. In TAP, you can model the conditions of an HVAC system by choosing specific equipment and building component criteria. TAP will analyze the sound path and calculate the total effect for the enclosed space. You can continuously adjust the data and system design criteria to compare the results effortlessly. TAP will even plot presentation quality graphs of

294

Surface acoustic wave dust deposition monitor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system is disclosed for using the attenuation of surface acoustic waves to monitor real time dust deposition rates on surfaces. The system includes a signal generator, a tone-burst generator/amplifier connected to a transmitting transducer for converting electrical signals into acoustic waves. These waves are transmitted through a path defining means adjacent to a layer of dust and then, in turn, transmitted to a receiving transducer for changing the attenuated acoustic wave to electrical signals. The signals representing the attenuated acoustic waves may be amplified and used in a means for analyzing the output signals to produce an output indicative of the dust deposition rates and/or values of dust in the layer. 8 figs.

Fasching, G.E.; Smith, N.S. Jr.

1988-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

295

Tiltrotor Acoustic Flight Test: Terminal Area Operations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides a comprehensive description of an acoustic flight test of the XV-15 Tiltrotor Aircraft with Advanced Technology Blades (ATB) conducted in August and September 1991 at Crows Landing, California. The purpose of this cooperative research ...

Maria O. L. Santa; Wellman J. B.; Conner D. A.; Rutledge C. K.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Three-Dimensional Nonlinear Acoustical Holography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is validated by conducting an experiment with a compression driver and four numerical simulations. The numerical and experimental results show that holographically-projected acoustic fields match well with directly-calculated and directly-measured fields....

Niu, Yaying

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

297

Multipurpose Acoustic Sensor for Downhole Fluid Monitoring  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Novel sensor design based on acoustics. Determine in real-timeand in a single sensor packagemultiple parameters: temperature, pressure, fluid flow; and fluid properties, such as density, viscosity, fluid composition.

298

Effectiveness of using fibre-reinforced polymer composites for underwater steel pipeline repairs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Metal pipelines are the most efficient and safe ways for oil and gas transportation over a long distance. At present, almost all pipelines are made by ferrous steel which is sensitive to corrosion at harsh working environments, particularly in the presence of salty water and sulphur ingress media. For years, the most traditionally-credible solution for a damaged steel pipe is to remove the pipe entirely or just a localised damaged section and then replace it by a new one or cover with a steel patch through welding, respectively. Welding or fixing the steel patch is a bulky process especially if the location is underground or underwater. Thus, many researchers have been striving to find effective and safe repair solutions which are light, fast and easy to handle. Numerous literatures have shown that fibre-reinforced polymer-based composites can be effectively used for steel pipe repairs. Considerable research has been carried out on the repair of corroded and gouged pipes incorporating with fibre-reinforced composite wraps. This paper provides a comprehensive review on the use of fibre-reinforced polymer composites for in-air, underground and underwater pipeline repairs. Future developments and prospects on this are also discussed. Critical aspects of technical challenges, benefits and shortcomings in determining the feasibility and suitability for repair systems involving the composites are also presented.

Md Shamsuddoha; Md Mainul Islam; Thiru Aravinthan; Allan Manalo; Kin-tak Lau

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Optimal digital compensation networks for acoustic transducers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A digital compensation network is designed which (1) minimizes deviation from the user?determined optimal transducer response (2) limits the sensitivity to physical perturbations of that response and (3) ensures actuator authority limitations for known and unknown?but?bounded input sequences.H ? H 2 l ? and l 1 transfer function norms translate the design goals and specifications into a convex constrained optimization problem which is solved using semidefinite programming. The methodology can be simply extended to treat transducer arrays and optimal beamforming. A mathematically modeled underwater acoustictransducer provides a numerical example for exploring the optimal trade?off between competing specifications. [This work is partialy supported by SRI International.

Paul J. Titterton Jr.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Magneto?Acoustic Interaction in Mercury  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetically induced acoustic absorption coefficient in liquidmercury has been measured around its inverse relaxation frequency using an on?line computer and magnetic fields of up to 10 kg. The hybrid computer?operated differential measuring system took between 2560 and 25 600 experiments per run. The results agree with Anderson's predictions [J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 25 529 (1953)]. [Work supported in part by the National Science Foundation.

Thomas D. Sachs; Gregory P. Hughes

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Acoustic Energy Storage in Single Bubble Sonoluminescence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single bubble sonoluminescence is understood in terms of a shock focusing towards the bubble center. We present a mechanism for significantly enhancing the effect of shock focusing, arising from the storage of energy in the acoustic modes of the gas. The modes with strongest coupling are not spherically symmetric. The storage of acoustic energy gives a framework for understanding how light intensities depend so strongly on ambient gases and liquids and suggests that the light intensities of successive flashes are highly correlated.

Michael P. Brenner; Sascha Hilgenfeldt; Detlef Lohse; Rodolfo R. Rosales

1996-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

302

ACOUSTIC REMOTE SENSING OF THE NORTH PACIFIC ON GYRE AND REGIONAL SCALES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACOUSTIC REMOTE SENSING OF THE NORTH PACIFIC ON GYRE AND REGIONAL SCALES B. DUSHAW Applied Physics has evolved into a multipurpose remote sensing measurement technique that has been employed in a wide for observing regions of active convection, for measuring changes in integrated heat content, for observing

Dushaw, Brian

303

A coupled BEM and energy flow method for mid-high frequency internal acoustic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

formalism whereas the SEA formalism is based on global energies of finite subsystems. This model has been using four energy variables: the total energy as well as the Lagrangian energy density, the activeA coupled BEM and energy flow method for mid-high frequency internal acoustic Sbastien BESSET, M

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

304

Tunable damper for an acoustic wave guide  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A damper for tunably damping acoustic waves in an ultrasonic waveguide is provided which may be used in a hostile environment such as a nuclear reactor. The area of the waveguide, which may be a selected size metal rod in which acoustic waves are to be damped, is wrapped, or surrounded, by a mass of stainless steel wool. The wool wrapped portion is then sandwiched between tuning plates, which may also be stainless steel, by means of clamping screws which may be adjusted to change the clamping force of the sandwiched assembly along the waveguide section. The plates are preformed along their length in a sinusoidally bent pattern with a period approximately equal to the acoustic wavelength which is to be damped. The bent pattern of the opposing plates are in phase along their length relative to their sinusoidal patterns so that as the clamping screws are tightened a bending stress is applied to the waveguide at 180/sup 0/ intervals along the damping section to oppose the acoustic wave motions in the waveguide and provide good coupling of the wool to the guide. The damper is tuned by selectively tightening the clamping screws while monitoring the amplitude of the acoustic waves launched in the waveguide. It may be selectively tuned to damp particular acoustic wave modes (torsional or extensional, for example) and/or frequencies while allowing others to pass unattenuated.

Rogers, S.C.

1982-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

305

SOLAR-POWERED AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE DEVELOPMENT James Jalbert, John Baker, John Duchesney, Paul Pietryka, William Dalton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

batteries daily using solar panels to convert solar energy to electrical energy. #12;· Operate at depthsSOLAR-POWERED AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE DEVELOPMENT James Jalbert, John Baker, John Duchesney in such applications. The concept of a vehicle that would allow on-station recharging of batteries, using solar cells

306

IEEE JOURNAL OF OCEANIC ENGINEERING, VOL. 29, NO. 3, JULY 2004 651 Designing Future Underwater Vehicles: Principles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vehicles: Principles and Mechanisms of the Weakly Electric Fish Malcolm A. MacIver, Ebraheem Fontaine, autonomous underwater vehicles, backward swimming, biologically inspired robotics, biorobotics, electric fish, and remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) that are powered and teleoperated via a tether connected to a surface

Hartmann, Mitra J. Z.

307

Poster: Building a test-bed for wireless sensor networking for under-water oil and gas installations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Initially we are building a laboratory in a large water tank. Later we will cooperate with an oil and gasPoster: Building a test-bed for wireless sensor networking for under-water oil and gas@ifi.uio.no 1 Introduction and background When the oil and gas industry moves its production facilities

Zhou, Shengli

308

An Underwater Communication and Sensing Testbed in Marina del Rey Andrew Goodney, Young H. Cho, John Heidemann, John Wroclawski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

awareness of environmental concerns such as runoff pollution and global climate change, and significant, as government and industry seek to observe, protect, exploit, and control resources underwater. With growing development and deployment. As an initial step, we designed, constructed and deployed two prototype testbed

Heidemann, John

309

424 IEEE JOURNAL OF OCEANIC ENGINEERING, VOL. 26, NO. 4, OCTOBER 2001 Seaglider: A Long-Range Autonomous Underwater  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Range Autonomous Underwater Vehicle for Oceanographic Research Charles C. Eriksen, T. James Osse, Russell D. Light--Seagliders are small, reusable autonomous un- derwater vehicles designed to glide from the ocean surface with techniques reliant on ships and moorings. Autonomous floats [1] have demonstrated the power of a distributed

310

Apparatus for separating particles utilizing engineered acoustic contrast capture particles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for separating particles from a medium includes a capillary defining a flow path therein that is in fluid communication with a medium source. The medium source includes engineered acoustic contrast capture particle having a predetermined acoustic contrast. The apparatus includes a vibration generator that is operable to produce at least one acoustic field within the flow path. The acoustic field produces a force potential minima for positive acoustic contrast particles and a force potential minima for negative acoustic contrast particles in the flow path and drives the engineered acoustic contrast capture particles to either the force potential minima for positive acoustic contrast particles or the force potential minima for negative acoustic contrast particles.

Kaduchak, Gregory (Los Alamos, NM); Ward, Michael D. (Los Alamos, NM)

2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

311

Apparatus for separating particles utilizing engineered acoustic contrast capture particles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for separating particles from a medium includes a capillary defining a flow path therein that is in fluid communication with a medium source. The medium source includes engineered acoustic contrast capture particle having a predetermined acoustic contrast. The apparatus includes a vibration generator that is operable to produce at least one acoustic field within the flow path. The acoustic field produces a force potential minima for positive acoustic contrast particles and a force potential minima for negative acoustic contrast particles in the flow path and drives the engineered acoustic contrast capture particles to either the force potential minima for positive acoustic contrast particles or the force potential minima for negative acoustic contrast particles.

Kaduchak, Gregory; Ward, Michael D

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

312

Relationships between objective acoustic indices and acoustic comfort evaluation in nonacoustic spaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Much attention has been paid to acoustic spaces such as concert halls and recording studios whereas research on nonacoustic buildings/spaces has been rather limited especially from the viewpoint of acoustic comfort. In this research a series of case studies has been carried out on this topic considering various spaces including shopping mall atrium spaces library reading rooms football stadia swimming spaces churches dining spaces as well as urban open public spaces. The studies focus on the relationships between objective acoustic indices such as sound pressure level and reverberation time and perceptions of acoustic comfort. The results show that the acoustic atmosphere is an important consideration in such spaces and the evaluation of acoustic comfort may vary considerably even if the objective acoustic indices are the same. It is suggested that current guidelines and technical regulations are insufficient in terms of acoustic design of these spaces and the relationships established from the case studies between objective and subjective aspects would be useful for developing further design guidelines. [Work supported partly by the British Academy.

Jian Kang

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

COMPARISON OF ACOUSTIC AND ELECTRICAL IMAGE LOGS FROM THE COSO GEOTHERMAL  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » COMPARISON OF ACOUSTIC AND ELECTRICAL IMAGE LOGS FROM THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD, CA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: COMPARISON OF ACOUSTIC AND ELECTRICAL IMAGE LOGS FROM THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD, CA Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Electrical and acoustic image logs collected from well 58A-10 in crystalline rock on the eastern margin of the Coso Geothermal Field, CA, reveal different populations of planar structures intersecting the borehole. Electrical image logs appear to be sensitive to variations in

314

Viscosity Effects in Acoustic Inductances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The linear acousticinductance and resistance of narrow circular tubes short compared to a wavelength have usually been represented by limiting formulas valid either for very low frequencies (viscous flow) or for relatively high frequencies (pistonlike displacement). Crandall's text gives a general mathematical development with particular stress on resistance but variation of inductance with frequency and viscosity has not been discussed generally nor has numerical reduction of mathematical results been generally available. The present paper describes quantitatively the dependence of inductance and resistance upon the general parameter radius times square root of the quantity density times frequency divided by viscosity. With increase of this parameter resistance increases while inductance diminishes from the “static” value to the limiting “high frequency” value. Experimental checks are made to ascertain whether resistance values are strongly affected by flow?transition end?effects found in hydraulics. Impedance?tube studies are made of five tube diameters from 0.0187 to 0.750 in. at 50 to 167 c/sec. Length/diameter is approximately 10 to render inductance end?corrections relatively small. Acoustic pressures are reduced until linear behavior appears. Measured resistance is generally within five percent of calculation as resistance increases to twice the “static” value. Measured inductance generally agrees with calculation within limits of the end?correction over the range of significant variation.

A. W. Nolle

1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Method and apparatus of spectro-acoustically enhanced ultrasonic detection for diagnostics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for detecting a discontinuity in a material includes a source of electromagnetic radiation has a wavelength and an intensity sufficient to induce an enhancement in contrast between a manifestation of an acoustic property in the material and of the acoustic property in the discontinuity, as compared to when the material is not irradiated by the electromagnetic radiation. An acoustic emitter directs acoustic waves to the discontinuity in the material. The acoustic waves have a sensitivity to the acoustic property. An acoustic receiver receives the acoustic waves generated by the acoustic emitter after the acoustic waves have interacted with the material and the discontinuity. The acoustic receiver also generates a signal representative of the acoustic waves received by the acoustic receiver. A processor, in communication with the acoustic receiver and responsive to the signal generated by the acoustic receiver, is programmed to generate informational output about the discontinuity based on the signal generated by the acoustic receiver.

Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN); Norton, Stephen J. (Raleigh, NC)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustically coupled oscillations Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Department of Mechanical Engineering PENNPENNSSTATETATE Acoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion... InstabilityAcoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion Instability ...

317

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustically enhanced remediation Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PENNPENNSSTATETATE Summary: Department of Mechanical Engineering PENNPENNSSTATETATE Acoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion... InstabilityAcoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine...

318

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic properties Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Department of Mechanical Engineering PENNPENNSSTATETATE Acoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion... InstabilityAcoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion Instability ...

319

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave chemical Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lyle N.- Department of Aerospace Engineering, Pennsylvania State University Collection: Engineering 8 Acoustic Identification of Unknown Fluids Summary: Acoustic Identification...

320

Dual excitation acoustic paramagnetic logging tool  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

New methods and apparatus are disclosed which allow measurement of the presence of oil and water in geological formations using a new physical effect called the Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Effect (APLE). The presence of petroleum in formation causes a slight increase in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the reservoir. This is the phenomena of paramagnetism. Application of an acoustic source to a geological formation at the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present causes the paramagnetism of the formation to disappear. This results in a decrease in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the oil bearing formation. Repetitively frequency sweeping the acoustic source through the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present (approx. 2 kHz) causes an amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field which is a consequence of the APLE. The amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field is measured with an induction coil gradiometer and provides a direct measure of the amount of oil and water in the excitation zone of the formation. The phase of the signal is used to infer the longitudinal relaxation times of the fluids present, which results in the ability in general to separate oil and water and to measure the viscosity of the oil present. Such measurements may be performed in open boreholes and in cased well bores. The Dual Excitation Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Tool employing two acoustic sources is also described. 6 figs.

Vail, W.B. III.

1989-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Acoustic demonstrations for education in speech science  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acoustic demonstrations are highly effective for education in speech science. We recently developed two educational tools for acoustics. The first educational tool is a set of physical models of the human vocal tract and related models. It contains cylinder and plate?type models [T. Arai J. Phonetic Soc. Jpn. 5(2) 31–38 (2001)] a sliding three?tube model [T. Arai Acoust. Sci. Technol. to be published] lungmodels an artificial larynx and head?shaped models [T. Arai Acoust. Sci. Technol. 27(2) 111–113 (2006)]. Each model has its own advantages and if combined effectively can produce a systematic and comprehensive education in speech production from the lungs to the head. The second educational tool is ‘‘Digital Pattern Playback (DPP)’’ [T. Arai et al. Acoust. Sci. Tech. to be published] which converts a spectrographic image of a speech signal back to sound by digital signal processing. A printed spectrogram on a sheet of paper can also be converted immediately after capturing the image from a camera and we confirmed that this is more intuitive for learners than converting from an electronic image. [Work partially supported by JSPS.KAKENHI (17500603).

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Dual excitation acoustic paramagnetic logging tool  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

New methods and apparatus are disclosed which allow measurement of the presence of oil and water in gelogical formations using a new physical effect called the Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Effect (APLE). The presence of petroleum in formation causes a slight increase in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the reservoir. This is the phenomena of paramagnetism. Application of an acoustic source to a geological formation at the Larmor frequency of the nucleous present causes the paramagnetism of the formation to disappear. This results in a decrease in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the oil bearing formation. Repetitively frequency sweeping the acoustic source through the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present (approx. 2 kHz) causes an amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field which is a consequence of the APLE. The amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field is measured with an induction coil gradiometer and provides a direct measure of the amount of oil and water in the excitation zone of the formation. The phase of the signal is used to infer the longitudinal relaxation times of the fluids present, which results in the ability in general to separate oil and water and to measure the viscosity of the oil present. Such measurements may be preformed in open boreholes and in cased well bores. The Dual Excitation Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Tool employing two acoustic sources is also described.

Vail, III, William B. (Bothell, WA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

History of American acoustics—Introductory comments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The history of acoustics has been illuminated by the efforts in recent years of R. Bruce Lindsay and so this Bicentennial Session is being held in his honor. In addition certain numerological factors spurred our efforts in this Bicentennial Year 1976. It was just one hundred years ago that A. G. Bell's invention—the first practical telephone—was exhibited at the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. A year later in 1877 the first edition of Rayleigh's Theory of Sound appeared. The conjunction of these two events eventually had a powerful influence on the development of acoustics. The invited speakers will in the papers which follow endeavor to describe all of the significant advances made by Americans to technical acoustics. Apparently it all began with Joseph Henry's efforts to solve a problem in auditorium acoustics. At the brink of World War II acoustics was invaded by a host of scientists and engineers. During the period 1941–45 and in the post war years frontiers were breached in almost every direction at such a rate that description of the advances made cannot be done here. And so most of our speakers will bring their histories up only to about the year 1940.

Richard K. Cook

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Development of an autonomous underwater vehicle R1 with a closed cycle diesel engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the current state of a project, which started in 1990 to develop an autonomous underwater free swimming robot equipped with a Closed Cycle Diesel Engine (CCDE) for long term survey of mid-ocean ridges. The distinctive feature of CCDE is robustness and low cost for construction and operation. The robot structure and configuration of a torpedo-shaped hull are described in detail including newly developed thrusters using compact DC brushless motors. As the robot aims to swim in the vicinity of the seabed, an Inertial Navigation system (INS) co-operates with a doppler sonar system to make accurate navigation for detailed research. The CCDE system for the robot has been completed and its submerged tests are underway in a water pool.

Obara, Takashi; Yamamoto, Kitao [Mitsui Engineering and Shipbuilding Co., Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Ura, Tamaki; Maeda, Hisaaki; Yamato, Hiroyuki [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

325

Computing the environment of an artificial neuronal network for underwater signal classification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An environment for ANN signal processing has been designed and developed which is written with Turbo Vision’s CLASS in Borland C++ 3. Algorithms for mapping a BP network on a machine and task assign tactics are devised to implement ANN parallel algorithms. To use the PC as controller of the whole parallel system some problems have to be solved. So the floating?point conversion between TMS320C30 and IEEE formats executable program transforms as well as data?loading techniques are developed and presented in this paper. This application system has been used to quickly classify three kinds of underwater signals with a three?layer BP network in the ANN. Results show that the above classification can be finished in 28 ?s. The FFT algorithm with 1024 points is also simulated on the system and it takes 2.3 ms. The other advantage of this software is that it is easily expanded to include new functions.

Jinwen Zhang

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Crystallization to polycrystalline silicon thin film and simultaneous inactivation of electrical defects by underwater laser annealing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a low-temperature laser annealing method of a underwater laser annealing (WLA) for polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si) films. We performed crystallization to poly-Si films by laser irradiation in flowing deionized-water where KrF excimer laser was used for annealing. We demonstrated that the maximum value of maximum grain size of WLA samples was 1.5 {mu}m, and that of the average grain size was 2.8 times larger than that of conventional laser annealing in air (LA) samples. Moreover, WLA forms poly-Si films which show lower conductivity and larger carrier life time attributed to fewer electrical defects as compared to LA poly-Si films.

Machida, Emi [Graduate School of Materials Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916-5 Takayama-cho, Ikoma, Nara 630-0192 (Japan); Research Fellowships of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 1-8 Chiyoda, Tokyo 102-8472 (Japan); Horita, Masahiro; Ishikawa, Yasuaki; Uraoka, Yukiharu [Graduate School of Materials Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916-5 Takayama-cho, Ikoma, Nara 630-0192 (Japan); Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Ikenoue, Hiroshi [Graduate School of Information Science and Electrical Engineering, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka Nishi-ku, Fukuoka 819-0395 (Japan)

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

327

Acoustic measurement of the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well flow rate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On May 31, 2010, a direct acoustic measurement method was used to quantify fluid leakage rate from the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well prior to removal of its broken riser. This method utilized an acoustic imaging sonar and ...

Camilli, Richard

328

Laser-excited acoustic oscillations in silver and bismuth nanowires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coherent acoustic oscillations in Bi and Ag nanowire samples were studied with a femtosecond pump-probe technique and detection of the scattered light. The observed optical and acoustic properties reflect the nanostructure of these materials...

Jerebtsov, Sergey N.; Kolomenskii, Alexandre A.; Liu, Haidong; Zhang, Hong; Ye, Zuxin; Luo, Zhiping; Wu, Wenhao; Paulus, Gerhard G.; Schuessler, Hans A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

13.853 Computational Ocean Acoustics, Spring 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave equations for fluid and visco-elastic media. Wave-theory formulations of acoustic source radiation and seismo-acoustic propagation in stratified ocean waveguides. Wavenumber Integration and Normal Mode methods for ...

Schmidt, Henrik

330

Achieving acoustical satisfaction in a green building  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Carnegie Institution’s Global Ecology Research Center at Stanford University has garnered many accolades including the AIA’s Excellence in SustainabilityAward. This building incorporates many ‘‘green’’ and energy?saving design features mechanical systems and materials. The occupants of this facility have given it high marks in U.C. Berkeley’s Center for the Built Environment’s (CBE) survey of buildings. Staff at the Global Ecology Research Center are shown to be more satisfied with their acoustical environment than occupants of other green buildings surveyed by CBE. Measured acoustical data for speech privacy in open plan and enclosed conference rooms will be presented along with descriptions of acoustical design attributes for the building.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Acoustical design issues for library facility planners  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acting under the provisions of the Library Services and Technology Act the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services retained Charles M. Salter Associates Inc. to provide a document explaining acoustical and audio/visual requirements for libraries to library planners architects and lay people. Acoustical design issues for libraries discussed on the website include site noise considerations noise standards for each use space room acoustics considerations sound isolation between various use spaces vibration control for mechanical equipment and audio/visual system considerations. The completed document forms a part of the Libris Design library facility planning information system which includes a website with recent information on facility planning topics and a database of recently constructed California public libraries.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Developing criteria for identifying acoustical defects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a construction defect lawsuit of a multifamily residential project the determination of whether a defect exists often hinges on the criteria applied. For many acoustical items such as plumbing and HVAC noise there are no code requirements but a number of guidelines and recommendations. For items such as noise from traffic or airborne and impact sound isolation between units minimum code requirements exist but often a more stringent standard is applied. How does an expert decide when it is appropriate to apply an acoustical standard that is beyond that required by building codes? Project drawings marketing materials homeowner regulations and other documents can provide indications of the intent and promise of the project as it relates to acoustical issues. The process is discussed with examples from recent cases.

John LoVerde; David W. Dong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

activities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Detecting Things We Cannot See: Learning the Concepts of Control and Detecting Things We Cannot See: Learning the Concepts of Control and Variable in an Experiment Submitted by Anita Brook-Dupree, 1996 TRAC teacher at Fermilab, Teacher, Alternative Middle Years School, Philadelphia, PA. Particle physicists at Fermilab in Batavia, Illinois are faced with the problem of detecting the presence of sub-atomic particles they cannot see. During my summer as a TRAC teacher at Fermilab, I tried to think of ways to teach middle school students about things we cannot see. I want to thank my nine-year-old daughter Gia for the idea for the following activity. I was lamenting that I could not come up with ideas of how to relate the work of Fermilab scientists to anything that my students would understand. Then I was reminded by my daughter, that when I brought her to school on the

334

E-Print Network 3.0 - activation test locations Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

test locations Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: activation test locations Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Acoustic Emission Tests...

335

Numerical Modeling of Acoustic Timescale Detonation J.D. Regele  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical Modeling of Acoustic Timescale Detonation Initiation J.D. Regele , D.R. Kassoy and O to perform one and two-dimensional simulations of acoustic timescale detonation initiation using thermal overdriven detonation wave that decays to a steady-state CJ wave. A 1-D parametric study of acoustic

Vasilyev, Oleg V.

336

Support minimized inversion of acoustic and elastic wave scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses the following topics on support minimized inversion of acoustic and elastic wave scattering: Minimum support inversion; forward modelling of elastodynamic wave scattering; minimum support linearized acoustic inversion; support minimized nonlinear acoustic inversion without absolute phase; and support minimized nonlinear elastic inversion.

Safaeinili, A.

1994-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

337

The Impact of Civil Rights Legislation on Classroom Acoustics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.................................................................................................................... 30 v Abbreviations ADA American with Disabilities Act ADAAG Americans With Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines ANSI American National Standards Institute ARI Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute ASA Acoustical... classroom acoustics standards for subsequent inclusion in the Americans With Disabilities Act Access Guidelines (ADAAG), and to reference classroom acoustics in the International Building Code (IBC). However, opposition from the modular classroom and HVAC...

Teel, Jeffrey

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

338

Acoustic characteristics of clearly spoken English fricatives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acoustic characteristics of clearly spoken English fricatives renc n Fr cept em exam s to aref fric ed b gram wn effe e co h w by effo y an and 21/1 Deliberately clarified speech has been seen to yield intelligi- 2003; Krause and Braida, 2004... situations.3962 J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 125 #2;6#1;, June 2009 0001-4966/2009/12 ution subject to ASA license or copyright; see http://acousticalsociety.org/ce, Kansas 66044 ancisco, California 94104 ed 1 September 2008#2; to be understood more easily...

Maniwa, Kazumi; Jongman, Allard

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Acoustic monitoring of severe weather in the Northeast Pacific Ocean.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind and rainfall are the principal physical processes responsible for the production of high?frequency (1–50 kHz) ambient sound in the ocean. The primary source of the sound is the resonant ringing of individual bubbles created during wave breaking and raindrop splashes. Larger bubbles (>300 ?m diameter) quickly return to the surface while smaller bubbles can be mixed downward at several meters. During severe weather a layer of smaller ambient bubble forms and effectively absorbs higher?frequency (>10 kHz) sound. These processes are revealed in a two?year record of ambient sound recorded from a subsurface mooring at 50N 145W in the NE Pacific Ocean as part of the Canadian SOLAS program. The passive acoustic signal of wind rain and ambient bubbleclouds are compared to the subsurface mooring data including data from an upward looking 200 kHz active sonar and a 300 kHz ADCP. The acoustic signatures of light moderate and heavy rainfall are superimposed on the signature of high wind demonstrating rainfall detection even in the presence of high wind. [Work supported by ONR Fisheries and Oceans Canada and the Canadian CFCAS NSERC.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Acoustically enhanced remediation, Phase 2: Technology scaling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Weiss Associates is conducting the following three phase program investigating the in-situ application of acoustically enhanced remediation (AER) of contaminated unconsolidated soil and ground water under both saturated and unsaturated conditions: Phase I-- laboratory scale parametric investigation; Phase II--technology Scaling; and Phase III--large scale field tests. AER addresses the need for NAPL (either lighter or denser than water: LNAPL or DNAPL, respectively) in high and low permeability sediments, and the remediation of other types of subsurface contaminants (e.g., metals, radionuclides) in low permeability soils. This program has been placed in the U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) DNAPL product. Phase I indicated that AER could be used to effectively remediate NAPL in high permeability soil, and that removal of NAPL from low permeability soil could be increased since the water flux through these soils was significantly increased. Phase II, Technology Scaling, the subject of this paper, focused on (1) evaluating the characteristics of an AER field deployment system, (2) developing DNAPL flow and transport performance data under acoustic excitation, (3) predicting the effect of acoustic remediation in three-dimensional unconsolidated hydrogeologic conditions, (4) conducting an engineering analysis of acoustical sources, and (5) identifying candidate field site(s) for large-scale field testing of the technology.

Iovenitti, J.L.; Hill, D.G. [Weiss Associates, Emeryville, CA (United States); Rynne, T.M.; Spadaro, J.F.; Hutchinson, W. [Scientific Applications and Research Associates, Inc., Huntington Beach, CA (United States); Illangasakere, T. [Colorado Univ., Boulder, CO (United States). Dept. of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Thermoacoustic Stirling Engine --An acoustic amplifier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Laboratory Condensed Matter and Thermal Physics Group MS K764, Los Alamos, NM 87545 backhaus) efficiencies 6" 24 " 72 " Acoustic power: 100 W 1 kW 50 kW T.A. efficiency: 23% 30% 25% All-metal bonded PZT stacks Metal joints, rather than epoxy joints, between PZT elements allow stacks to generate high power

Lee, Dongwon

342

New acoustic devices for breathing investigations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The problem of spirometry control in medicine and medical engineering still remains urgent. The necessity of getting more and more information from spirometry investigations imposes more and more stringent requirements for spirometers, volumeters and ... Keywords: acoustic waves propagation, air-gas velocity, breathing, flow rate, measurement, moving in channel media, spiroanalyser

Semyon Shkundin

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Acoustics of modular construction—Industry overview  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This session will provide an overview of the issues and efforts impacting the commercial modular construction industry throughout North America with particular focus on acoustics in relocatable classrooms. The Modular Building Institute is the international nonprofit trade association representing manufacturers and dealers of commercial modular facilites both temporary and permanent serving educational health care retail industrial military and multi?family markets.

Thomas E. Hardiman

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Ocean Climate Change: Comparison of Acoustic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean Climate Change: Comparison of Acoustic Tomography, Satellite Altimetry, and Modeling The ATOC to thermal expansion. Interpreting climate change signals from fluctuations in sea level is therefore in the advective heat flux. Changes in oceanic heat storage are a major expected element of future climate shifts

Frandsen, Jannette B.

345

Acoustic-emission monitoring during hydraulic fracturing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that microseismic events or acoustic emissions associated with hydraulic fracturing are recorded with a borehole seismic tool in a deviated well during multirate injection, shut-in, and flowback. The event locations indicate that fracture orientation, length, and height are compatible with regional stress directions and estimates of the fracture size that are based on pressure decline.

Stewart, L. (Schlumberger-Doll Research (US)); Cassell, B.R. (Schlumberger Wireline Services (US)); Bol, G.M. (Nederlanse Aardolie Mij. B.V. (NL))

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Title Slide "The broadband acoustic output of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Title Slide "The broadband acoustic output of marine seismic airgun sources" Les Hatton CISM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . #12;Seismic sources ­ marine airguns Introduction Modelling Marine Life Impact Where next Overview #12 Normal speed surface movie of airgun firing Courtesy IO limited #12;Seismic sources ­ marine airguns

Hatton, Les

347

Condition Monitoring and Management from Acoustic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is about condition monitoring of large diesel engines from acoustic emission signals. The experiments have been focused on a specific and severe fault called scuffing. The fault is generally assumed to arise of this work is the analysis of the angular position changes of the engine related events such as fuel

348

Acoustic Lexemes for Organizing Internet Audio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acoustic Lexemes for Organizing Internet Audio Michael A. Casey In this article, a method is proposed for automatic fine-scale audio description that draws inspiration from ontological sound automation of audio description at the level of sound objects for indexing and retrieving sound segments

Casey, Michael

349

ElectroAcoustical HansGerd Berns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. DUMAND will be deployed at 4800 m depth in the Pacific Ocean approximately 25 km off the west coast at DUMAND Site : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 46 6.4 First Acoustical Survey Operations at DUMAND : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 50 7.2 Transducer: ITC­3217 Modified : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 51 7.3 Power Amplifier

Berns, Hans-Gerd

350

Upgrading secret military facilities—What is more important, acoustic design standards or acoustical performance?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Defense has developed acoustical performance standards that are to be achieved in the design and construction of meeting and conference rooms where sensitive and secret information will be discussed. These performance standards rely on published acoustical industry design data which are readily available. The intention of these standards is to prevent sensitive and secret information from being heard understood or otherwise obtained by persons or devices that are not authorized to have access to such information. This paper presents design and field performance test results for new and renovated secret rooms that initially passed the acoustical design criteria and acoustical standard field tests but failed to provide the desired secret level acoustical performance. Further investigations and research into partition component and building composite performance indicated that floors walls ceilings doors windows and perimeter penetrations by conduit and HVAC ducting which individually met the design standards and when installed meet the design standards but as a composite did not provide the intended acoustical performance that would prevent unauthorized access to sensitive and secret information by persons or devices outside the designated perimeter. Reasons for certain performance failures are discussed and specific successful remedies are presented.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Some Applications of Meteorology to Underwater Ambient Noise Studies in Block Island Sound  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Turbulent atmospheric boundary?layer theory is applied to wind observations made over a shallow?water embayment to explain variations in ambient noise levels. Broad?band ambient?noise data for sea states up to 3 obtained at a fixed receiving site are presented for a shallow water acoustic test range in Block IslandSound. Hourly wind?speed averages are analyzed by means of spectra and covariance functions in order to compare the frequency composition of the acoustic and meteorological data. The power spectrum computed from the record of ambient noise pressure level as a function of time has significant peaks centered on frequencies of 0.04 and 0.10. Similar peaks at the corresponding frequencies are present in the spectra of wind speeds. The results of this experiment suggest that for wind speed fluctuations of less than 0.33 nonlinear effects of the wind are relatively unimportant in the generation of ambient noise.

Llyod C. Huff; Robert G. Williams

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Infrastructure for thulium-170 isotope power systems for autonomous underwater vehicle fleets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The radioisotope thulium-170 is a safe and environmentally benign heat source for providing the high endurance and energy densities needed by advanced power systems for autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV). Thulium Isotope Power (TIP) systems have an endurance of {approximately}3000 h, and gravimetric and volumetric energy densities of 3 {times} 10{sup 4} Wh/kg and 3 {times} 10{sup 8} Wh/m{sup 3}, respectively. These energy densities are more than 200 times higher than those currently provided by Ag-Zn battery technology. In order to capitalize on these performance levels with about one hundred AUVs in continuous use, it will be necessary to establish an infrastructure for isotope production and heat-source refurbishment. The infrastructure cost is not trivial, and studies are needed to determine its optimum configuration. The major component of the projected infrastructure is the nuclear reactor used to produce Tm- 170 by neutron absorption in Tm-169. The reactor design should ideally be optimized for TM-170 production. Using the byproduct waste'' heat beneficially would help defray the cost of isotope production. However, generating electric power with the reactor would compromise both the cost of electricity and the isotope production capacity. A coastal location for the reactor would be most convenient from end-use considerations, and the waste'' heat could be used to desalinate seawater in water-thirsty states. 13 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.

Walter, C.E.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Hydrodynamic analysis of AUV underwater docking with a cone-shaped dock under ocean currents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper investigates the hydrodynamics issues that are associated with \\{AUVs\\} (autonomous underwater vehicles) as they approach a cone-shaped dock, which is proposed by most AUV docking systems for the AUV?s protection and simplification. However, this docking system is more sensitive to the hydrodynamic interactions between the dock and the ocean currents. The purpose is to exploit the hydrodynamic susceptibility in AUV docking with the dock and to identify a probable design for AUV control during docking. To achieve this purpose, numerical simulations of an AUV docking with a dock are conducted based on the dynamic mesh method. This paper illustrates the numerical methodology for AUV docking simulation. To increase the accuracy of the numerical simulation, turbulence models and grid-dependence problems are first studied. Then, 3D (three-dimensional) numerical simulations show the dependence of the AUV fluid forces near the dock on various velocities, accelerations, dock shapes, gliding modes, cross currents from several directions and rudder angles. The hydrodynamic behaviors of an AUV docking with a dock are obtained, which provide helpful suggestions for successful docking.

Lihong Wu; Yiping Li; Shaojuan Su; Peng Yan; Yu Qin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

A joint time-scale representation methodology for the detection of acoustic gravity wave induced by solar eclipses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by solar eclipses St´ephane G. Roux1, Petra Sauli2, Josef Boska2, Patrice Abry1 1 Laboratoire de Physique three different solar eclipses. It enables us to evidence the existence of several acoustic by geomagnetic and consequent auroral activity, meteorological phenomena, excitation in situ by solar terminators

Boyer, Edmond

355

Acoustic boundary layer and acoustic radiation from a ribbed flat plate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acoustic boundary?layer theory(patterned after the viscous boundary?layer theory) is derived by noting that for low frequencies where the structural wavelength is much less than the fluid acoustic wavelength there is a region about the vibrating structure which behaves as if the fluid was incompressible. The dimension of this region depends upon the particular conditions of the problem. In a paper presented by the author [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62 S32(A) (1977)] the theory behind the acoustic boundary layer was developed and applied to simple unit problems. In this paper the near and the far field of a force driven plate is obtained by the use of the acoustic boundary?layer theory. Two different problems are addressed. In the first instance the structure is assumed to be homogeneous while in the second problem presented a rib is attached to the flat plate. In both instances the fully coupled fluid structure problem is solved and comparisons between the exact classical approach and the proposed theory are discussed.

Mauro Pierucci

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Argonne Acoustic Levitation Video Goes Viral  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

"Inside the Advanced Photon Source" Inside the latest Argonne Now "Inside the Advanced Photon Source" Inside the latest Argonne Now APS Director Stephenson Named Argonne Distinguished Fellow Advanced Photon Source, Canadian Light Source Strengthen Ties, Expand X-ray Technology and Research Rose of APS and CNM One of Four DOE Early Career Award Winners Scientists Close-In on Artificial Spider Silk APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed Argonne Acoustic Levitation Video Goes Viral SEPTEMBER 25, 2012 Bookmark and Share Drops of solution being suspended for a long period of time, thanks to the vibrational force of sound waves that keep them stationary in an air column. More than 41,000 Google hits for "acoustic levitation Argonne" as of

357

Definition: Acoustic Televiewer | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Televiewer Televiewer Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Acoustic Televiewer The Acoustic Televiewer (ATV) log provides a very-high resolution, sonic image of the borehole wall. The tool consists of an ultrasonic transducer coupled with a downhole inclinometer. These devices are used to generate an oriented image of seismic velocity variation and wave amplitude. These images are then examined and highlighted to reveal fractures, bedding planes and orientation of those features. The log is useful for strata and fracture delineation, and can also be used to evaluate compressional-wave velocity, borehole deviation and eccentricity.[1] References ↑ http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/esc/geotech/gg/atv_log.htm Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like.

358

Development of a geothermal acoustic borehole televiewer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most geothermal wells are drilled in hard rock formations where fluid flow is through systems of open fractures. Productivity of these wells is usually determined by the extent of intersection of the wellbore with the fracture system. A need exists for fracture mapping methods and tools which can operate in a geothermal environment. In less hostile environments, the acoustic borehole televiewer has been shown to be a useful tool for determining location, orientation, and characterization of fractures as they intersect the borehole and for general wellbore and casing inspection. The development conducted at Sandia National Laboratories to adapt an acoustic borehole televiewer for operation in a geothermal environment is described. The modified instrument has been successfully tested at temperatures as high as 280/sup 0/C and pressures up to 5000 psi, and used successfully to map fractures and casing damage in geothermal wells.

Heard, F.E.; Bauman, T.J.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Acoustical performance testing of duct silencers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The test method used in North America to evaluate the acoustical performance of duct silencers is ASTM E477. The ASTM standard provides an approved method for measuring the aerodynamic pressure drop dynamic insertion loss and self?generated noise of duct silencers. Unfortunately restrictions on the construction of the test duct in the current standard cause erroneous results in the measurement of insertion loss at low frequencies. These errors are due to acoustic resonances that occur naturally in the empty test duct. It is recommended that the standard be modified to require anechoic terminations at both ends of the test duct. It is also recommended that more specific design criteria for the source chamber be established and that a new section be added to provide for the measurement of the radiated noise from the casing of the test specimen. Specific recommendations relating to all of these issues will be provided.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Broadband acoustic imaging of breaking waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An acoustic array was deployed in the near?surface layer in Saanich Inlet BC to image breaking waves using only the naturally occurring acoustical radiation in the band (160 and 2000 Hz) from the breaking region. The 15?element array was configured as a horizontal cross with an 8?m aperture bottom?moored and positioned nominally 3 m beneath the surface. A novel broadband scheme combined information at six independent frequencies above about 400 Hz to yield unambiguous resolved images. A parametric image analysis shows that the images align closely with the wind and can be observed moving downwind with a speed roughly equal to the dominant phase speed of the wind waves. Absolute power levels are found to be consistent with previously published results. The data also provide inferences regarding the sound generation mechanism at ‘‘collective oscillation’’ frequencies below about 400 Hz. [Work supported by ONR.

Rex K. Andrew; David M. Farmer; R. Lynn Kirlin

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Powerful, efficient, robust, electro?acoustic transducers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The STAR™ resonant reciprocating transducer began as a lightweight linear alternator design for a space?power free?piston Stirling engine in the early 1990's. It has since been developed into a range of commercially available motors and alternators with rated powers from 100 to over 10 000 watts (acoustic). As motors these are acoustic pressure drivers with unlimited operating life and typical transduction efficiencies of 80?90 percent. This paper explains the electrodynamics and operation of these moving? magnet Lorentz?force devices and the unique geometric configuration that has allowed scaling over such a wide range. We discuss the design and function of the unique single?degree?of?freedom flexure suspension that enables both the compact geometry and unlimited service life without wear. Data is presented from a large sample of units placed in service during the last decade demonstrating the durability and performance of these remarkable devices.

John Corey

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Pulse combusted acoustic agglomeration apparatus and process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved apparatus and process for removal of particulates entrained in a gas stream are provided. The removal process employs a pulse combustor to provide an acoustic pressure wave to acoustically enhance agglomeration of particulates which may be collected and removed using a conventional separation apparatus. The apparatus may be employed as a direct fired system for improved operation of gas-operated equipment such as a gas turbine, or may, alternatively, be employed as an add-on subsystem for combustion exhaust clean-up. Additionally, added particulates may include a sorbent for effecting sorption of other contaminants such as sulfur. Various other particulates for contaminant removal may also be introduced into the system as exemplified by alkali-gettering agents.

Mansour, Momtaz N. (Columbia, MD); Chandran, Ravi (Ellicott City, MD)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Pulse combusted acoustic agglomeration apparatus and process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved apparatus and process for removal of particulates entrained in a gas stream are provided. The removal process employs a pulse combustor to provide an acoustic pressure wave to acoustically enhance bimodal agglomeration of particulates which may be collected and removed using a conventional separation apparatus. A particulate having a size different from the size of the particulate in the gas stream to be cleaned is introduced into the system to effectuate the bimodal process. The apparatus may be employed as a direct fired system for improved operation of gas-operated equipment such as a gas turbine, or may, alternatively, be employed as an add-on subsystem for combustion exhaust clean-up. Additionally, the added particulate may be a sorbent for effecting sorption of other contaminants such as sulfur. Various other particulates for contaminant removal may also be introduced into the system as exemplified by alkali-gettering agents.

Mansour, Momtaz N. (Columbia, MD)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Ongoing developments in classroom acoustic theory and practice in 2012, and reports on efforts to implement good classroom acoustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We live in a time of increasingly loud competing sounds and hearing loss is the number one disability in the world. Diverse populations of school children are especially vulnerable. The result is a degradation of the child’s academic achievement. New classrooms built everyday often incorporate acoustical barriers which limit students’ achievements. Overcoming these barriers involves funding constraints construction timelines and lack of support which requires advocacy from parents school boards and design teams. This advocacy should include the ANSI Classroom Acoustics standards and an acoustical assessment of existing classrooms. Complex classroom acoustics challenges may include reduction of noise radiated by HVAC systems improved acoustic treatment of external walls to minimize exterior noise and acoustic design of walls between adjacent noisy classrooms. Next steps for schools should be to retain an architect and/or an acoustical engineer for remodels and new school construction who are well versed in acoustics for educational settings and noise control. A booklet covering these issues and designed as a practical guide for educators not versed in acoustics is in preparation by the Acoustical Society of America.

Pamela Brown; Mary Crouse

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Acoustic enhancement for photo detecting devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Provided are improvements to photo detecting devices and methods for enhancing the sensitivity of photo detecting devices. A photo detecting device generates an electronic signal in response to a received light pulse. An electro-mechanical acoustic resonator, electrically coupled to the photo detecting device, damps the electronic signal and increases the signal noise ratio (SNR) of the electronic signal. Increased photo detector standoff distances and sensitivities will result.

Thundat, Thomas G; Senesac, Lawrence R; Van Neste, Charles W

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

366

Acoustic measurement of potato cannon velocity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article describes measurement of potato cannon velocity with a digitized microphone signal. A microphone is attached to the potato cannon muzzle and a potato is fired at an aluminum target about 10 m away. The potato's flight time can be determined from the acoustic waveform by subtracting the time in the barrel and time for sound to return from the target. The potato velocity is simply the flight distance divided by the flight time.

Courtney, M; Courtney, Amy; Courtney, Michael

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Acoustic radiation due to surface wave breaking.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While wave breaking is continually occurring at the sea surface its transient and sporadic nature makes it difficult to measure. Experimental results are presented that show how acoustic methods can be used as a remote sensor of this fundamental process. Sea surface?generated acoustic radiation (40 to 4000 Hz) is directly related to a quantitative measure of the boundary dynamics; i.e. the Toba variable. The frequency spectrum of the radiation remains remarkably unchanged over a wide range of environmental conditions but the correlation between the sound pressure level and the Toba variable undergoes an abrupt change when spilling breakers start to occur. Results support the use of acoustics to remotely measure the rate of energy being dissipated by wave breaking and the wavelength of the dominant gravity wave component. Theoretical studies have related the field measurements to analytical and laboratory results cited in the literature indicating that remote monitoring of the rate of occurrence and size distribution of ‘‘infant’’ (freshly entrained) bubbles may be possible if splashes on the surface do not radiate significant sound. Signal processing algorithms for the remote measurements discussed above are enhanced by eigenstructure analysis of the measured cross?spectral density matrix. [Work sponsored by ONR and NUSC.

Robert M. Kennedy; Stewart A. L. Glegg

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Air transducers with high acoustic impedance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High?Z air transducers evolved from several industrial transducers. These predecessors include (a) acoustic emission and angle?beam NDT contact transducers; (b) flowmeter transducers for high?pressure methane hot refinery gases and corrosive flare gases; and (c) transducer arrays for monitoring hot corrosive gases flowing at Mach 0.1 in smokestacks of ?3–13 m. This peculiar ancestry accounts for their unusual high?acoustic?impedance construction. By not employing low?Z air?backed radiating membranes transducer bandwidth response time and sensitivity are sacrificed. The solid robust construction however offers some compensating features: tolerance to wide ranges in pressure and temperature including rapid rates of change (thermal shock depressurization); corrosion resistance; operable with standard lab equipment without bias voltage; mounting options where the transducer forms part of the pressure boundary or where it is outside the pressure boundary. Clamp?on air flow applications at one bar include small wind tunnels and plastic pipes. Acoustically isolated pairs measure secondary flow components (crossflow circulation) in a plane perpendicular to the pipe axis. Flow applications include gases such as air mild steam (pending) or other hot pressurized or corrosive fluids. Air?coupled measurements of transmission characteristics of wood or other low?density solids and air?ranging are readily demonstrated with the low?Z transducers.

Lawrence C. Lynnworth

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Acoustical renovation of portable classrooms for cochlear implanted pupils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Anticipating increased enrollment of children with cochlear implants the Riverside County Office of Education undertook the acoustical renovation of two portable classrooms in California’s Riverside County: Wildomar Elementary School in Wildomar and Katherine Finchy Elementary School in Palm Springs. The aim was to improve the acoustical environment to make the classrooms suitable for pupils with severe hearing disabilities (reduce noise and reverberation). Lacking an acoustical standard specific for cochlear implanted pupils the acoustical goals chosen were those of the ANSI acoustical standard S12.60?2002. Key changes were intended to reduce interior noise from HVAC and improve the facade insulation to reduce exterior noise intrusion. The resulting acoustical improvements are documented. Costs and lessons learned are discussed.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Field-scale acoustic investigation of a damaged anisotropic shale during a gallery excavation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the Opalinus Clay formation at the Mont Terri Underground Rock Laboratory, the gallery Ga08 was excavated in August 2008 to join the end-face of the pre-existing gallery Ga04. The aim of the present work was to perform in situ acoustic experiments to monitor the evolution of the Excavation Damaged Zone (EDZ) induced during the gallery construction. The end-face of Ga04 was instrumented with two arrays of acoustic transducers allowing for the active and passive seismic monitoring, i.e. acoustic survey and micro-seismicity. From the acoustic survey data, which required a high energy acoustic source to emit high frequency signals (21, 25, 31 and 38 kHz), the rock mass was observed to be anisotropic and heterogeneous at the scale of the experiment. P-wave velocities were determined to be, in average, between 3300 m/s along a structural bedding plane, and 2700 m/s at ? ? 70 ° incidence relative to that. Assuming a transversely isotropic shale formation, the P-wave velocity dependence versus ? was modeled using Thomsen's Weak Transverse Isotropy model (Thomsen, 1986) [36]. Thomsen's P-wave anisotropy parameter was found to be ? ? 0.15 , and the fifth Thomsen's parameter controlling the deviation of the wave front from an ellipsoidal geometry was found to be ? ? 0.16 . The S-wave velocity was estimated along a single direction of aligned receivers and turned out to be around 1560 m/s at ? ? 30 ° . We also show that the rock mass acts as a frequency filter for acoustic waves, related to the rock mass heterogeneities, i.e. the inter-bedding structure, which induces wave scattering and refraction. From the micro-seismicity data, we identified a large number of micro-seismic events (MSEs) detected on the acoustic arrays during and following the excavation. Most of the \\{MSEs\\} were induced on the excavated face but we also located some \\{MSEs\\} inside the rock mass itself. We show that these events are located close to a major fault, which seems to be reactivated by the excavation process.

Y. Le Gonidec; A. Schubnel; J. Wassermann; D. Gibert; C. Nussbaum; B. Kergosien; J. Sarout; A. Maineult; Y. Guéguen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Electret Acoustic Transducer Array For Computerized Ultrasound Risk Evaluation System  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electret-based acoustic transducer array is provided and may be used in a system for examining tissue. The acoustic transducer array is formed with a substrate that has a multiple distinct cells formed therein. Within each of the distinct cells is positioned an acoustic transducing element formed of an electret material. A conductive membrane is formed over the distinct cells and may be flexible.

Moore, Thomas L. (Livermore, CA); Fisher, Karl A. (Brentwood, CA)

2005-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

372

Penn State's graduate program in acoustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The posters will present a comprehensive overview of the graduate program in acoustics at Penn State. In part the posters will contain the following: (1) descriptions of the acoustics and related courses offered; (2) examples of the facilities available and the research being conducted; (3) listings of graduate theses completed and in progress; (4) information on special extended education programs—telecommunication and summer—leading to a master's degree in acoustics.

Alan D. Stuart

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Spectral-element numerical modeling for acoustic and elastic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

problems: many oil fields are located offshore (deep offshore, or shallower). · Anisotropic rocks dispersive surface waves. Oil industry applications Offshore In foothill regions #12;Ocean acoustics

374

COMPARISON OF ACOUSTIC AND ELECTRICAL IMAGE LOGS FROM THE COSO...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to permeability in the reservoir. Acoustic image logs reveal a similar natural fracture population, but generally image slightly fewer fractures, and do not reveal rock...

375

A new method to measure the acoustic surface impedance outdoors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Comparative Study Evaluation Studies Journal Article Validation Studies | Acoustics Algorithms Automobiles Construction Materials analysis Electric Impedance Materials Testing methods Models, Theoretical Noise, Transportation Radiation Monitoring......

S. Carpinello; Ph. L'Hermite; M. Bérengier; G. Licitra

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Acoustic scattering by axisymmertic finite-length bodies with application to fish : measurement and modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis investigates the complexities of acoustic scattering by finite bodies in general and by fish in particular through the development of an advanced acoustic scattering model and detailed laboratory acoustic ...

Reeder, D. Benjamin (Davis Benjamin), 1966-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic measurements Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2008 NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFSC-429 Summary: by the acoustics team (Table 9, Fig. 19). Acoustic detection distances were not measured for this group. P. electra... NMFS ACOUSTIC STUDIES...

378

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustical measurements Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2008 NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFSC-429 Summary: by the acoustics team (Table 9, Fig. 19). Acoustic detection distances were not measured for this group. P. electra... NMFS ACOUSTIC STUDIES...

379

Acoustic energy radiated by nonlinear spherical oscillations of strongly driven bubbles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...considerations of surface stability. With the quasi-acoustic...acoustic energies of bubbles driven at 23.5kHz...universal boundary of bubble stability at the upper threshold...harmonic modes on bubble levitation, stability and SLJ. Acoust...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Seismic-like scaling regime in impulse reflection from underwater sediment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A universal scaling law is known empirically to characterize the high-frequency decay of bandpassed seismic coda. An explanation advanced for this universality based on multiple-Rayleigh scatter of nonuniform strength is generic enough to suggest that similar scaling may apply to decay of the impulse response in other random media. A submerged sand layer is probed experimentally as a candidate for such a medium and its incoherent acoustic impulse reflection is found to have an exponential decay regime similar to that in seismology.

Eric Smith

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Detection of Rainfall Events Using Underwater Passive Aquatic Sensors and Air–Sea Temperature Changes in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several years of long-term high temporal resolution ocean ambient noise data from the tropical Pacific Ocean are analyzed to detect oceanic rainfall. Ocean ambient noise generated by rainfall and wind are identified through an acoustic ...

Barry B. Ma; Jeffrey A. Nystuen

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Summary engineering description of underwater fuel storage facility for foreign research reactor spent nuclear fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is a summary description for an Underwater Fuel Storage Facility (UFSF) for foreign research reactor (FRR) spent nuclear fuel (SNF). A FRR SNF environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is being prepared and will include both wet and dry storage facilities as storage alternatives. For the UFSF presented in this document, a specific site is not chosen. This facility can be sited at any one of the five locations under consideration in the EIS. These locations are the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Savannah River Site, Hanford, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and Nevada Test Site. Generic facility environmental impacts and emissions are provided in this report. A baseline fuel element is defined in Section 2.2, and the results of a fission product analysis are presented. Requirements for a storage facility have been researched and are summarized in Section 3. Section 4 describes three facility options: (1) the Centralized-UFSF, which would store the entire fuel element quantity in a single facility at a single location, (2) the Regionalized Large-UFSF, which would store 75% of the fuel element quantity in some region of the country, and (3) the Regionalized Small-UFSF, which would store 25% of the fuel element quantity, with the possibility of a number of these facilities in various regions throughout the country. The operational philosophy is presented in Section 5, and Section 6 contains a description of the equipment. Section 7 defines the utilities required for the facility. Cost estimates are discussed in Section 8, and detailed cost estimates are included. Impacts to worker safety, public safety, and the environment are discussed in Section 9. Accidental releases are presented in Section 10. Standard Environmental Impact Forms are included in Section 11.

Dahlke, H.J.; Johnson, D.A.; Rawlins, J.K.; Searle, D.K.; Wachs, G.W.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Investigation of modal processing for low frequency acoustic communications in shallow water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acoustic receptions at a vertical line array collected during the SW06 experiment were processed to show the feasibility of broadband mode decomposition as a preprocessing method to shorten time-spread and concentrate received signal energy in a small number of independent channels. The vertical array spanned the water column from 12 m depth to the bottom. PSK m-sequence modulated signals with different carrier frequencies were transmitted from a distance of 19.2 km. Signals were processed for both the case of ordinary internal waves activity and the case with abnormally strong internal wave solitons. The measured sound velocity and known bottom properties were accounted for. Mode filtering was based on a broadband pseudo-inverse processing of the received VLA signals. The broadband mode filtering decomposed the received signal into a number of independent signals with a reduced time-spread. The constellation of signals from the output of mode filters showed that a simple demodulator can achieve a high quality reception. Even during strong internal waves activity the acoustic energy was concentrated in a small number of the first acoustical modes. The receiver estimated the mode-time intensity distribution and used the strongest modes for demodulation. High quality reception is demonstrated with the data.

Andrey K. Morozov; James C. Preisig; Joseph C. Papp

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Investigation of modal processing for low frequency acoustic communications in shallow water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acoustic receptions at a vertical line array collected during the SW06 experiment were processed to show the feasibility of broadband mode decomposition as a preprocessing method to shorten time?spread and concentrate received signal energy in a small number of independent channels. The vertical array spanned the water column from 12 m depth to the bottom. PSK m?sequence modulated signals with different carrier frequencies were transmitted from a distance of 19.2 km. Signals were processed for both the case of ordinary internal waves activity and the case with abnormally strong internal wavesolitons. The measured sound velocity and known bottom properties were accounted for. Mode filtering was based on a broadband pseudo?inverse processing of the received VLA signals. The broadband mode filtering decomposed the received signal into a number of independent signals with a reduced time?spread. The constellation of signals from the output of mode filters showed that a simple demodulator can achieve a high quality reception. Even during strong internal waves activity the acoustic energy was concentrated in a small number of the first acoustical modes. The receiver estimated the mode?time intensity distribution and used the strongest modes for demodulation. High quality reception is demonstrated with the data.

Andrey Morozov; James Preisig; Joseph Papp

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplitude acoustic wave Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geosciences 15 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

386

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic waves moving Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering 14 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

387

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave gas Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics 19 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

388

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave induced Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mathematics 9 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

389

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic waves generated Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences 17 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

390

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave detector Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics 3 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

391

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave actuated Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plasma actuator, flow control, acoustic control, airframe noise 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1. Background... applications. Section 3 reviews some applications related to aero-acoustics,...

392

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic cavitation bubble Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Physics 62 Acoustic saturation in bubbly cavitating flow adjacent to an oscillating wall T. Colonius,a) Summary: Acoustic saturation in bubbly cavitating flow...

393

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic measuring instruments Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

text... III Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics (CCRMA) ... Source: Smith III, Julius Orion - Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics, Stanford...

394

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative proposal acoustic Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

'acoustique 1990 APPLICATION OF FAST HARTLEY TRANSFORM TO ACOUSTIC INTENSITY MEASUREMENT W.S. GAN Acoustical... Services (1989)Pte Ltd, 29 Telok Ayer Street, Singapore 0104....

395

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic resonance determination Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Mathematics 31 Acoustic Identification of Unknown Fluids Summary: Acoustic Identification of Unknown Fluids Executive Overview: Scientists at Los Alamos National......

396

E-Print Network 3.0 - anisotropic linear acoustics Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Shallow Water '06 experiment are analyzed. Acoustic, environmental, and on-board ship radar... packet passed through the acoustic track. Preliminary analysis of the ......

397

Acoustical and Noise Control Criteria and Guidelines for Building Design and Operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Noise, vibration and acoustical design, construction, commissioning and operation practices influence building cost, efficiency, performance and effectiveness. Parameters for structural vibration, building systems noise, acoustics and environmental...

Evans, J. B.; Himmel, C. N.

398

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic cardiographic assessment Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ACOUSTICS: RESULTS OF AN EXPERIMENTAL LABORATORY INVESTIGATION Summary: wrightii. A one-dimensional acoustic resonator technique was used to assess the biomass and effective......

399

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic heating Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Engineering 46 Ocean Climate Change: Comparison of Acoustic Summary: Consortium Comparisons of gyre-scale acoustic and direct thermal measurements of heat...

400

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic testing Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

OCEAN Summary: A COMPARISON OF ACOUSTIC THERMOMETRY, XBT, TOPEX, AND HOT OBSERVATIONS OF OCEAN TEMPERATURE... @apl.washington.edu) Abstract - Acoustic thermometry offers naturally...

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustical testing laboratory Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering 10 A COMPARISON OF ACOUSTIC THERMOMETRY, XBT, TOPEX, AND HOT OBSERVATIONS OF OCEAN TEMPERATURE IN THE NORTHEAST PACIFIC OCEAN Summary: A COMPARISON OF ACOUSTIC...

402

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave integrated Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

93 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the Mechanically Free Surface of an Unconsolidated Granular Medium Summary: 1 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the...

403

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave total Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

98 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the Mechanically Free Surface of an Unconsolidated Granular Medium Summary: 1 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the...

404

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic gravity waves Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

45 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the Mechanically Free Surface of an Unconsolidated Granular Medium Summary: 1 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the...

405

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave sensing Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

62 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the Mechanically Free Surface of an Unconsolidated Granular Medium Summary: 1 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the...

406

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic tiltedti media Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Follow geometry and physical properties of a desired acoustic system Efficient Source: Smith III, Julius Orion - Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics, Stanford...

407

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic propagation experiment Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of perceptual measurements Statistics for acoustics experiments Acoustics of porous media . The second... of Waveguides: Wave propagation in a guide Mode matching ...

408

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic neurinoma presenting Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Grant Collection: Engineering 20 Wave Gliders for Acoustic Applications Asst. Prof. Brian Bingham Summary: the design of a vehicle with integrated acoustic communication and...

409

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustics Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Geosciences 24 Wave Gliders for Acoustic Applications Asst. Prof. Brian Bingham Summary: Wave Gliders for Acoustic Applications Asst. Prof. Brian Bingham...

410

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic transfer functions Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 3 The Acoustic Oceanographic Buoy A Light Acoustic Data Acquisition System Summary: : The AOB functionality allows for the...

411

An overview of acoustic?structural interactions: Vibration and acoustic radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structural vibration and the resulting acoustic radiation is a fully decoupled problem in a gas and a fully coupled problem in a fluid. The fluid?structure interaction problem encompasses a broad spectrum of areas of interest in engineering applications. This ranges from mechanically existed structures (acoustic radiation) to acoustically induced vibrations (elasticscattering) to hydrodynamically applied forces (flow noise). The coupled fluid?structure interaction for each of these problems is essentially the same; the difference lies in the manner utilized in applying the prescribed forcing function to the structure in satisfying the interfaceboundary condition and in analyzing the radiated acoustic field. The common link relating these problems is the fact that the same governing equations for the fluid and the structure are applicable in each of these areas. This commonality between the diverse fluid?structure interactions will be stressed. The different techniques being used to solve the problems for each of the three types of problems will be presented and a brief review of the state of the art will be given.

Mauro Pierucci

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Acoustics of Buildings: including Acoustics of Auditoriums and Sound-proofing of Rooms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE acoustics of buildings is a subject which has always possessed importance, but with the increasing size of ... is a subject which has always possessed importance, but with the increasing size of public buildings and the congestion of our urban populations, it has assumed much greater importance in ...

1924-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

413

Sound Science: Taking Action with Acoustics  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

From tin whistles to sonic booms, sound waves interact with each other and with the medium through which they travel. By observing these interactions, we can identify substances that are hidden in sealed containers and obtain images of buried objects. By manipulating the ability of sound to push matter around, we can create novel structures and unique materials. Join the Lab's own sound hound, Dipen Sinha, as he describes how he uses fundamental research in acoustics for solving problems in industry, security and health.

Sinha, Dipen

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

414

Montana State University Proprietary 1 Summary of Gun Shot Acoustics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Montana State University Proprietary 1 Summary of Gun Shot Acoustics Robert C. Maher, Montana State University 4 April 2006 Audio recordings of gun shots can provide information about the gun location interpreting such recordings arises from reverberation (overlapping acoustic signal reflections) due to the gun

Maher, Robert C.

415

Quantitative Photo-Acoustic Imaging of Small Absorbers Habib Ammari  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantitative Photo-Acoustic Imaging of Small Absorbers Habib Ammari Emmanuel Bossy Vincent Jugnon Hyeonbae Kang§ December 1, 2009 Abstract In photo-acoustic imaging, energy absorption causes thermo absorber from the absorbed density. AMS subject classifications. 31B20, 35B37,35L05 Key words. photo

Kang, Hyeonbae

416

Acoustic emission monitoring of HFIR vessel during hydrostatic testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses the results and conclusions reached from applying acoustic emission monitoring to surveillance of the High Flux Isotope Reactor vessel during pressure testing. The objective of the monitoring was to detect crack growth and/or fluid leakage should it occur during the pressure test. The report addresses the approach, acoustic emission instrumentation, installation, calibration, and test results.

Friesel, M.A.; Dawson, J.F.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Measuring the Kuroshio Current with ocean acoustic tomography Naokazu Taniguchia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring the Kuroshio Current with ocean acoustic tomography Naokazu Taniguchia) Graduate School 29 April 2013) Ocean current profiling using ocean acoustic tomography (OAT) was conducted proportional to temperature) and current in the ocean (Munk et al., 1995). Other than coastal sea studies (e

Frandsen, Jannette B.

418

Characterizing Ocean Turbulence from Argo, Acoustic Doppler, and Simulation Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. TurbSim models statistics at the height of a turbine hub (5m) well, but do not model coherent eventsCharacterizing Ocean Turbulence from Argo, Acoustic Doppler, and Simulation Data Katherine Mc Ocean Turbulence from Argo, Acoustic Doppler, and Simulation Data written by Katherine McCaffrey has

Fox-Kemper, Baylor

419

Acoustic radiation force-based elasticity imaging methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Wells Acoustic radiation force-based elasticity imaging...lesions. Acoustic radiation force-based elasticity imaging...properties of soft tissue. In Handbook of elastic properties of solids...W. , Trahey, G. 1995 A fundamental limit on delay estimation using...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

A new concept of ocean acoustic tomography Lionel CROS(1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a synthetic signal in ship noise with the con- straint to have an accurate estimation of the channel: discreet acoustic tomography, estimation, detection, optimization, performance analysis. R´ESUM´E COURT: La disc`ete, estimation, d´etection, optimisation, analyse de perfor- mance. 1 INTRODUCTION Ocean acoustic

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Trapping and Frequency Variability in Electron Acoustic Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trapping and Frequency Variability in Electron Acoustic Waves C.F. Driscoll, F. Anderegg, D 92093 USA Abstract. Electron Acoustic Waves (EAWs) with a phase velocity less than twice the plasma Langmuir waves, and at large excitations resonance is observed over a broad range. Laser Induced

California at San Diego, University of

422

A decade of acoustic thermometry in the North Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A decade of acoustic thermometry in the North Pacific Ocean B. D. Dushaw,1 P. F. Worcester,2 W. H of acoustic thermometry in the North Pacific Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C07021, doi:10.1029/2008JC005124. 1 of basin-scale heat content in the northeast Pacific Ocean were made using a broadband 133-Hz source

Frandsen, Jannette B.

423

Borehole-Wall Imaging with Acoustic and Optical Televiewers for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Borehole-Wall Imaging with Acoustic and Optical Televiewers for Borehole-Wall Imaging with Acoustic and Optical Televiewers for Fractured-Bedrock Aquifer Investigations Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Borehole-Wall Imaging with Acoustic and Optical Televiewers for Fractured-Bedrock Aquifer Investigations Abstract Imaging with acoustic and optical televiewers results in continuous and oriented 360 degree views of the borehole wall from which the character and orientation of lithologic and structural features can be defined for fractured-bedrock aquifer investigations. Fractures are more clearly defined under a wider range of conditions on acoustic images than on optical images including dark-colored rocks, cloudy borehole water, and coated borehole walls. However, optical images allow for the direct viewing

424

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: AcousticCalc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AcousticCalc AcousticCalc Developed over the last decade, AcousticCalc helps designers predict sound levels at the room level from a distant sound source. The program uses the ASHRAE Handbook and ASHRAE's 1991 Algorithms for HVAC Acoustics handbook methods with the "Source-Path-Receiver" model. This easy-to-use Windows-based program allows a user to define and save unlimited number of sound sources, save and define unlimited number of sound "paths" (composed of long list of possible duct component types) and model the ceiling effect and three different models for room effect. AcousticCalc allows a user to import and export (share) sound sources, user-defined devices, terminal units, and duct silencers with other users. Easy-to-navigate "tree" modeling allows an unlimited number of sound

425

Generation of Sound Bullets with a Nonlinear Acoustic Lens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acoustic lenses are employed in a variety of applications, from biomedical imaging and surgery, to defense systems, but their performance is limited by their linear operational envelope and complexity. Here we show a dramatic focusing effect and the generation of large amplitude, compact acoustic pulses (sound bullets) in solid and fluid media, enabled by a tunable, highly nonlinear acoustic lens. The lens consists of ordered arrays of granular chains. The amplitude, size and location of the sound bullets can be controlled by varying static pre-compression on the chains. We support our findings with theory, numerical simulations, and corroborate the results experimentally with photoelasticity measurements. Our nonlinear lens makes possible a qualitatively new way of generating high-energy acoustic pulses, enabling, for example, surgical control of acoustic energy.

Alessandro Spadoni; Chiara Daraio

2009-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

426

HADES - Hydrophone for Acoustic Detection at South Pole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The South Pole Acoustic Test Setup (SPATS) is located in the upper part of the optical neutrino observatory IceCube, currently under construction. SPATS consists of four strings at depths between 80 m and 500 m below the surface of the ice with seven stages per string. Each stage is equipped with an acoustic sensor and a transmitter. Three strings (string A-C) were deployed in the austral summer 2006/07. SPATS was extended by a fourth string (string D) with second generation sensors and transmitters in 2007/08. One second generation sensor type HADES (Hydrophone for Acoustic Detection at South Pole) consists of a ring-shaped piezo-electric element coated with polyurethane. The development of the sensor, optimization of acoustic transmission by acoustic impedance matching and first in-situ results will be discussed.

Semburg, Benjamin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

HADES - Hydrophone for Acoustic Detection at South Pole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The South Pole Acoustic Test Setup (SPATS) is located in the upper part of the optical neutrino observatory IceCube, currently under construction. SPATS consists of four strings at depths between 80 m and 500 m below the surface of the ice with seven stages per string. Each stage is equipped with an acoustic sensor and a transmitter. Three strings (string A-C) were deployed in the austral summer 2006/07. SPATS was extended by a fourth string (string D) with second generation sensors and transmitters in 2007/08. One second generation sensor type HADES (Hydrophone for Acoustic Detection at South Pole) consists of a ring-shaped piezo-electric element coated with polyurethane. The development of the sensor, optimization of acoustic transmission by acoustic impedance matching and first in-situ results will be discussed.

Benjamin Semburg; for the IceCube Collaboration

2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

428

Underwater Localization Based on Multicarrier Patrick Carroll1, Shengli Zhou1, Hao Zhou1, Jun-Hong Cui2, and Peter Willett1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as preliminary testing results in a swimming pool and in a local lake. I. INTRODUCTION Underwater localization in the OFDM modem prototypes developed in [4], we have carried out tests in a swimming pool and a local lake contain simulation results, testing results in a swimming pool, and testing results in a local lake

Zhou, Shengli

429

Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission Monitoring Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission Monitoring Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission Monitoring Alan D. Zdunek and David Prine BIRL Industrial Research, Evanston, IL 60201 Paper No. 547 presented at CORROSION95, the NACE International Annual Conference

430

Acoustic signatures: From natural to systems science  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The interest in acoustic signatures began with the problem of detecting cracks in railroad wheels. When a wheel is struck with a hammer it produces a sound like that of a bell. If the wheel is cracked it sounds dissonant and muffled. By comparing sounds from the two members of a wheelset a measure of the difference in their mechanical properties is obtained. A fully automatic system was developed and installed on a Southern Pacific track in the 1980’s. The story of this undertaking is an object lesson in systems science. Recently beams have been used as test objects in an attempt to resolve certain basic questions in the science of the acoustic monitoring method. These questions will be illustrated with results from a test fixture with various beams. The limitation of the vibration monitoring method is that other conditions such as uncertainties in the geometry of the test object its surface conditions and loading can also affect the vibration response and it is necessary to distinguish the effects due to harmful conditions from those due to harmless ones. The sensitivity of the method is thus determined by the need to make this distinction. [Work supported by NSF Grant No. MSS?9024224.

Robert D. Finch; Ben H. Jansen

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Acoustic emission before avalanches in granular media  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Avalanches of granular media are mainly characterized by the observation and the measurement of the main angles of avalanche corresponding first to the movement of isolated beads and to the whole movement of a great part of the grains. These characterisations do not give any information about the rearrangements of the grains inside the layer of granular beads. As any movement of a grain produces a deformation of the structure it is quite normal to expect for a sound that will propagate inside the granular medium. We present an experimental study of the precursors of avalanches on spherical granular glass beads and silica aerogels in powder (size of grains less than 80 micrometers). Acoustic emission has been recorded with two piezoelectric transducers placed on the lower part of the material layer. Our results show clearly that before any movement on the upper part of the beads layer so for an angle less than the first angle of avalanche movements inside the material produce pulsed sounds that can be recorded. Theses vibrating events are occurring more and more when the angle is increasing until the first angle of avalanche where acoustic emission becomes intense.

Vincent Gibiat; Eric Plazza; Pierre De Guibert

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Geographically distributed acoustical monitoring of migrating birds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A geographically distributed system of largely automated acoustical monitoring stations was developed to monitor the migration of small passerine birds. The targeted species wood warblers and sparrows migrate at night and produce short (about 120 ms at the longest) high?pitched (between roughly 6 and 10 kHz) calls as they fly often audible from the ground. The monitoring system consisted of ten stations located in New Jersey Maryland Pennsylvania and New York and a central data repository located at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Each station comprised an outdoor weatherproof microphone connected to a volunteer’s home computer. The computer automatically ran acoustic transient detection software each night that listened continuously to the microphone signal and extracted all transients matching certain criteria each to its own audio file. The detected transients were uploaded by the volunteer each morning via the Internet to the central repository for classification and archival. Results including spectrograms of all detected transients and bird call counts were displayed on a public web site updated daily. [Work supported by EPA.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Improved efficiency of an acoustic parametric source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the customary design of an acoustic parametric source a primary signal consisting of two high–frequency wave components is projected into the water. Because of the inherent nonlinearity of acoustic propagation the two primary components mix to form a wave at the difference frequency. This paper describes how one can increase the parametric conversion of energy into the difference–frequency beam through the use of primary signals other than the two–component signal described above. For example another primary signal one might use consists of a sinusoidal carrier wave undergoing amplitude modulation. Use of such an AM primary signal with 100% modulation leads to a predicted difference–frequency pressure amplitude that is 2.5 dB greater than the corresponding amplitude obtained with a two–component primary signal of the same total input power. This prediction shows approximate agreement with a measured increase of 2.1 dB. For a primary signal consisting of N components theory predicts an increase in difference–frequency level that approaches 6 dB as an upper limit.

Anthony I. Eller

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Helioseismology in a bottle: modal acoustic velocimetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurement of the differential rotation of the Sun's interior is one of the great achievements of helioseismology, providing important constraints for stellar physics. The technique relies on observing and analyzing rotationally-induced splittings of p-modes in the star. Here we demonstrate the first use of the technique in a laboratory setting. We apply it in a spherical cavity with a spinning central core (spherical-Couette flow) to determine the mean azimuthal velocity of the air filling the cavity. We excite a number of acoustic resonances (analogous to p-modes in the Sun) using a speaker and record the response with an array of small microphones on the outer sphere. Many observed acoustic modes show rotationally-induced splittings, which allow us to perform an inversion to determine the air's azimuthal velocity as a function of both radius and latitude. We validate the method by comparing the velocity field obtained through inversion against the velocity profile measured with a calibrated hot film anemo...

Triana, Santiago Andrés; Nataf, Henri-Claude; Thorette, Aurélien; Lekic, Vedran; Lathrop, Daniel P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Design and Instrumentation of a Measurement and Calibration System for an Acoustic Telemetry System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) is an active sensing technology developed by Portland District, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers for detecting and tracking small fish. It is used at hydroelectric projects and in the laboratory for evaluating behavior and survival of juvenile salmonids migrating through the Federal Columbia River Power System to the Pacific Ocean. It provides critical data for salmon protection and development of more “fish-friendly” hydroelectric facilities. The objective of this study was to design and build a measurement and calibration system for evaluating the JSATS component, because the JSATS requires comprehensive acceptance and performance testing in a controlled environment before it is deployed in the field. The system consists of a reference transducer, a water test tank lined with anechoic material, a motion control unit, a reference receiver, a signal conditioner and amplifier unit, a data acquisition board, MATLAB control and analysis interface, and a computer. The fully integrated system has been evaluated successfully at various simulated distances and using different encoded signals at frequencies within the bandwidth of the JSATS transmitter. It provides accurate acoustic mapping capability in a controlled environment and automates the process that allows real-time measurements and evaluation of the piezoelectric transducers, sensors, or the acoustic fields. The measurement and calibration system has been in use since 2009 for acceptance and performance testing of, and further improvements to, the JSATS.

Deng, Zhiqun; Weiland, Mark A.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Eppard, M. B.

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

436

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic waves propagating Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

propagating Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: acoustic waves propagating...

437

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic waves propagation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

propagation Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: acoustic waves propagation...

438

Passive acoustic monitoring of biological and anthropogenic sounds at America’s first offshore wind farm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cape Wind situated in Nantucket Sound Massachusetts is poised to become America’s first offshore windfarm. Our objective is to establish baseline (pre-construction) sound levels of human and biological activity including diel and seasonal variability of various sound types at the construction site and three nearby comparison sites. Acoustic recorders have been deployed since April 2012 recording on a 10% duty cycle (sample rate: 80 kHz). Biological contributions to the local soundscape are primarily fish sounds with the dominant signal likely being cusk eel (Family Ophidiidae) calls. These calls which are composed of stereotyped pulses with an average bout duration of 3.3 ±0.8 s and mean peak frequency of 1030 ±200 Hz show both seasonal and diel variation. Dense choruses were detected during summer (July) but limited activity occurred in the fall and winter. During vocal periods detections occurred throughout the day but peaked near dusk. Vessel traffic also showed diel and seasonal trends with peaks during the daytime and in the summer which indicates that boat activity can be tracked acoustically. These trends in biological and anthropogenic activity provide key baseline records for evaluating the influence of windfarm construction and operation on a local US soundscape.

T. Aran Mooney; Maxwell B. Kaplan; Luca Lamoni; Aimee Boucher; Laela S. Sayigh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Visual accommodation and active pursuit of prey underwater in a plunge-diving bird: the Australasian gannet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Behavior, Cornell University, , Ithaca, NY 14853, USA 4 Department of Marine Biology, Texas AM University at Galveston, , 200 Seawolf Pkwy, Galveston, TX 77553, USA 5 Department of Psychology, Hunter College and the Graduate Center of...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Augmentation of acoustic transmission by a transition layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has already been reported by the author at a previous meeting [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. Suppl. 73 S95 (1982)] that certain types of transition layers can improve the transmission of acoustic waves from one medium to another. In this paper conditions under which the transmissions of an acoustic wave is enhanced by the transition layer are presented. The case of a finite thickness elastic layer has been studied and it has been determined that at certain key frequencies an optimum transition layer thickness exists which greatly improves the interaction between the two media.

Mauro Pierucci

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Acoustic pursuit of invisible moving targets by cats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Head movements evoked by an invisible acoustic target were used as a metric to analyze localization of moving sources of sound in naive cats. The target was presented in the lateral sound field and moved along an arc at constant angular speeds. Head-movement trajectories were characterized by a large-magnitude orienting component that undershot the target and a tracking component elicited by the target during acoustic pursuit. The tracking component was characterized by a succession of stepwise head movements that maintained a relatively close alignment of the median plane of the head with the moving acoustic target.

Ralph E. Beitel

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Simultaneous acoustic and microwave backscattering from the sea surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simultaneous and coincident measurements of acoustic and microwavebackscatter from the air/sea interface were obtained during Phase II of the SAXON-FPN experiment in December 1992 and again in March 1993. The acoustic and microwave grazing angles were both set to 17° and the wavelengths were matched being set to 2.14 3.00 and 5.66 cm corresponding to respectively acoustic frequencies of 26.5 50 and 70 kHz and microwave frequencies of 5.3 10 and 14 GHz. Backscattering cross sections normalized by ensonified area for the acoustic (? 0 a ) and microwave (? 0 m ) returns were determined and their dependence on wind speed was investigated. The acoustic scattering strength is defined as 10? log 10 (? 0 a ) and the microwavescattering strength is defined as 10? log 10 (? 0 m )?10? log 10 (4?). The results of these experiments show that the two scattering strengths are comparable at wind speeds below about 3 m/s but that the acoustic scattering strength increases much faster than the microwavescattering strength with increasing wind speed until reaching saturation. If these wind-speed dependencies are represented by a power law U n then n is 5–6 for ? 0 a and 2–4 for ? 0 m for wind speeds between 2 and 7 m/s. This difference is ascribed to the effect of bubbles on the acoustic backscatter. The more rapid increase of ? 0 a compared to ? 0 m implies that for our 17° grazing angle acoustic scattering from the surface is negligible at all but the lowest wind speeds. Therefore a simple model is used for bubble scattering to fit the acoustic data as a function of wind speed for all three acoustic frequencies. The bubble densities required to fit the data agree well with previous measurements of near-surface bubble distributions. The model predicts an overshoot of the acoustic scattering strength (above the saturation level) at moderate wind speeds which is clearly seen in the data at 26.5 and 70 kHz. Finally a composite surface scatteringmodel is utilized for the pure surface scattering component along with the bubble model to predict the wind-speed dependence of the acoustic scattering strength at a 45° grazing angle and compare the results with earlier measurements.

Peter H. Dahl; William J. Plant; Bernd Nützel; Anke Schmidt; Heinz Herwig; Eugene A. Terray

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Study of maximizing acoustic energy coupling to salt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDY OF MAXIMIZING ACOUSTIC ENERGY COUPLING TO SALT A Thesis by YNG-JOV HNANG Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1979 Major... Subject: Geophysics STUDY OF &MAXIMIZING ACOUSTIC ENERGY COUPLING TO SALT A Thesis by YNG-JOU HWANG Approved as to style and content by: C arrman o ommit e em er em e er Hea o epartment December 1979 ABSTRACT Study of Haximizing Acoustic Energy...

Hwang, Yng-Jou

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

444

Electromechanical transducer for acoustic telemetry system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved electromechanical transducer is provided for use in an acoustic telemetry system. The transducer of this invention comprises a stack of ferroelectric ceramic disks interleaved with a plurality of spaced electrodes which are used to electrically pole the ceramic disks. The ceramic stack is housed in a metal tubular drill collar segment. The electrodes are preferably alternatively connected to ground potential and driving potential. This alternating connection of electrodes to ground and driving potential subjects each disk to an equal electric field; and the direction of the field alternates to match the alternating direction of polarization of the ceramic disks. Preferably, a thin metal foil is sandwiched between electrodes to facilitate the electrical connection. Alternatively, a thicker metal spacer plate is selectively used in place of the metal foil in order to promote thermal cooling of the ceramic stack.

Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Wax Point Determinations Using Acoustic Resonance Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thermodynamic characterization of the wax point of a given crude is essential in order to maintain flow conditions that prevent plugging of undersea pipelines. This report summarizes the efforts made towards applying an Acoustic Cavity Resonance Spectrometer (ACRS) to the determination of pressures and temperatures at which wax precipitates from crude. Phillips Petroleum Company, Inc., the CRADA participant, supplied the ACRS. The instrumentation was shipped to Dr. Thomas Schmidt of ORNL, the CRADA contractor, in May 2000 after preliminary software development performed under the guidance of Dr. Samuel Colgate and Dr. Evan House of the University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. Upon receipt it became apparent that a number of modifications still needed to be made before the ACRS could be precisely and safely used for wax point measurements. This report reviews the sequence of alterations made to the ACRS, as well as defines the possible applications of the instrumentation once the modifications have been completed.

Jubin, R.T.

2002-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

446

Acoustic nonlinearity in fluorinert FC-43  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fluorinert FC-43 nonlinearity was investigated using two approaches: (i) a finite amplitude method with harmonic production; and (ii) a nonlinear frequency mixing in the fluid with consequent beam profile measurement of the difference frequency. The finite amplitude method provides information on the coefficient of nonlinearity, {beta}, through the amplitudes of the fundamental and the second harmonic, at a certain transmitter-receiver distance. A calibrated hydrophone was used as a receiver, in order to obtain direct pressure measurements of the acoustic waves in the fluid. The role of transmitter-receiver distance in {beta} determination is investigated. In the second approach, a single transducer is used to provide two high-frequency beams. The collinear high-frequency beams mix nonlinearly in the fluid resulting in a difference frequency beam and higher order harmonics of the primaries. The difference frequency beam profite is investigated at lengths beyond the mixing distance. The experimental data are compured with the KZK theory.

Pantea, Cristian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sinha, Dipen N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Osterhoudt, Curtis F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mombourquette, Paul C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Acoustic sand detector for fluid flowstreams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The particle volume and particle mass production rate of particulate solids entrained in fluid flowstreams such as formation sand or fracture proppant entrained in oil and gas production flowstreams is determined by a system having a metal probe interposed in a flow conduit for transmitting acoustic emissions created by particles impacting the probe to a sensor and signal processing circuit which produces discrete signals related to the impact of each of the particles striking the probe. The volume or mass flow rate of particulates is determined from making an initial particle size distribution and particle energy distribution and comparing the initial energy distribution and/or the initial size distribution with values related to the impact energies of a predetermined number of recorded impacts. The comparison is also used to recalibrate the system to compensate for changes in flow velocity.

Beattie, Alan G. (Corrales, NM); Bohon, W. Mark (Frisco, TX)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Collisional damping of the geodesic acoustic mode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The frequency and damping rate of the geodesic acoustic mode (GAM) is revisited by using a gyrokinetic model with a number-conserving Krook collision operator. It is found that the damping rate of the GAM is non-monotonic as the collision rate increases. At low ion collision rate, the damping rate increases linearly with the collision rate; while as the ion collision rate is higher than v{sub ti}/R, where v{sub ti} and R are the ion thermal velocity and major radius, the damping rate decays with an increasing collision rate. At the same time, as the collision rate increases, the GAM frequency decreases from the (7/4+{tau})v{sub ti}/R to (1+{tau})v{sub ti}/R, where {tau} is the ratio of electron temperature to ion temperature.

Gao Zhe [Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

449

A perspective on the CMB acoustic peak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CMB angular spectrum measurements suggest a flat universe. This paper clarifies the relation between geometry and the spherical harmonic index of the first acoustic peak ($\\ell_{peak}$). Numerical and analytic calculations show that $\\ell_{peak}$ is approximately a function of $\\Omega_K/\\Omega_M$ where $\\Omega_K$ and $\\Omega_M$ are the curvature ($\\Omega_K > 0$ implies an open geometry) and mass density today in units of critical density. Assuming $\\Omega_K/\\Omega_M \\ll 1$, one obtains a simple formula for $\\ell_{peak}$, the derivation of which gives another perspective on the widely-recognized $\\Omega_M$-$\\Omega_\\Lambda$ degeneracy in flat models. This formula for near-flat cosmogonies together with current angular spectrum data yields familiar parameter constraints.

T. A. Marriage

2002-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

450

Raising Photoemission Efficiency with Surface Acoustic Waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We are developing a novel technique that may help increase the efficiency and reduce costs of photoelectron sources used at electron accelerators. The technique is based on the use of Surface Acoustic Waves (SAW) in piezoelectric materials, such as GaAs, that are commonly used as photocathodes. Piezoelectric fields produced by the traveling SAW spatially separate electrons and holes, reducing their probability of recombination, thereby enhancing the photoemission quantum efficiency of the photocathode. Additional advantages could be increased polarization provided by the enhanced mobility of charge carriers that can be controlled by the SAW and the ionization of optically-generated excitons resulting in the creation of additional electron-hole pairs. It is expected that these novel features will reduce the cost of accelerator operation. A theoretical model for photoemission in the presence of SAW has been developed, and experimental tests of the technique are underway.

A. Afanasev, F. Hassani, C.E. Korman, V.G. Dudnikov, R.P. Johnson, M. Poelker, K.E.L. Surles-Law

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Analog circuit for controlling acoustic transducer arrays  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A simplified ananlog circuit is presented for controlling electromechanical transducer pairs in an acoustic telemetry system. The analog circuit of this invention comprises a single electrical resistor which replaces all of the digital components in a known digital circuit. In accordance with this invention, a first transducer in a transducer pair of array is driven in series with the resistor. The voltage drop across this resistor is then amplified and used to drive the second transducer. The voltage drop across the resistor is proportional and in phase with the current to the transducer. This current is approximately 90 degrees out of phase with the driving voltage to the transducer. This phase shift replaces the digital delay required by the digital control circuit of the prior art.

Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Effect of sediment resuspension on underwater light field in shallow lakes in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River: A case study in Longgan Lake and Taihu Lake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on three continuous in situ...underwater light field measurement under different wind waves conditions in Longgan Lake, Meiliang Bay of Taihu Lake in July 2003 and littoral zone near TLLER in July 2004, res...

Yunlin Zhang; Boqiang Qin; Guangwei Zhu; Guang Gao…

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Estimation and analysis of the underwater construction noise of the offshore wind farm in the west coast of Taiwan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind-generated electricity has been one of the green energy in the world. In Taiwan there is enormous potential for wind energy especially in the west coast. However there are many marine mammals in this area so we cannot neglect the environmental problem due to the construction noise of the offshore wind farm. This research is to estimate and analyze the underwater construction noise of the wind farm. According to the data of hydrographic bathymetric and sediment the spreading and impact range of the construction noise arising from the offshore wind farm can be estimated and simulated. The result of this study may be taken as a reference of the construction of the offshore wind farm.

Henry H. J. Tsai; Sheng Fong Lin; Chi-Fang Chen; Jeff C. H. Wu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

On acoustic cavitation of slightly subcritical bubbles Anthony Harkin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On acoustic cavitation of slightly subcritical bubbles Anthony Harkin Department of Mathematics, such as submicron air bubbles in water, where the natural oscilla- tion frequencies are high. In contrast, when

Kaper, Tasso J.

455

Acoustic radiation from a plate with sinusoidally varying properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acoustic radiation produced by an infinite flat plate with sinusoidally varying properties and driven by a distributed load is presented. The plate is assumed to be thin with constant thickness but with stiffness varying sinusoidally along the axis. The analysis is an extension of the work previously reported [M. Pierucci J. Acoust. Soc. Am. Suppl. 1 79 S35 (1986)]. The analysis consists of solving the coupled fluid?structure equations with the added difficulty of having nonconstant coefficients. The system reduces to a convoluted equation which has been solved analytically. The results indicate the presence of acoustic pressure components radiating in directions that are related to the difference between the forcing function wavenumber and the wavenumber of the stiffness variation. Acoustic radiation patterns will be presented.

Mauro Pierucci

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

FOR ASSESSING ROOM ACOUSTICS Jasper van Dorp Schuitman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AUDITORY MODELLING FOR ASSESSING ROOM ACOUSTICS Jasper van Dorp Schuitman #12;Auditory modelling Promoties, in het openbaar te verdedigen op donderdag 15 september 2011 om 10:00 uur door Jasper VAN DORP

457

Purely Gasdynamic Multidimensional Indirect Detonation Initiation Using Localized Acoustic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Purely Gasdynamic Multidimensional Indirect Detonation Initiation Using Localized Acoustic detonation initiation process is presented that can be independent of diffusion, viscosity and turbulence to accelerate detonation formation. It is shown that given sufficient resolution, the detonation formation time

Vasilyev, Oleg V.

458

Design parameters for acoustical treatments in a subway station renovation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acoustical treatments have been incorporated into the design of renovations in the Essex Street MBTA Station in Boston. Criteria were developed relating to noise reduction from train noise on the platform and sound isolation between northbound and southbound sides of the station. This paper discusses the limitations on acoustical treatments imposed by the functional and structural restraints of the station including the availability of surfaces to be treated safety access requirements maintenance and durability restrictions and architectural goals relating to aesthetics lighting and textures. The presentation focuses on the manner in which the acoustical consultant and architect responded to each other's goals and the way that conflicts were resolved. Measurements were made of existing acoustical parameters. The renovations are presently under construction.

Carl J. Rosenberg; Neville A. Powers; Allen M. Lieb

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Acoustic Waveform Logging - Advances In Theory And Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Full-waveform acoustic logging has made significant advances in both theory and application in recent years, and these advances have greatly increased the capability of log analysts to measure the physical properties of ...

Cheng, C. H.

460

Ion-acoustic cnoidal waves in a quantum plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonlinear ion-acoustic cnoidal wave structures are studied in an unmagnetized quantum plasma. Using the reductive perturbation method, a Korteweg-de Vries equation is derived for appropriate boundary conditions and nonlinear periodic wave solutions are obtained. The corresponding analytical solution and numerical plots of the ion-acoustic cnoidal waves and solitons in the phase plane are presented using the Sagdeev pseudo-potential approach. The variations in the nonlinear potential of the ion-acoustic cnoidal waves are studied at different values of quantum parameter H{sub e} which is the ratio of electron plasmon energy to electron Fermi energy defined for degenerate electrons. It is found that both compressive and rarefactive ion-acoustic cnoidal wave structures are formed depending on the value of the quantum parameter. The dependence of the wavelength and frequency on nonlinear wave amplitude is also presented.

Mahmood, S. [Physics Institute, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, RS, Porto Alegre 915051-970 (Brazil); Theoretical Physics Division (TPD), PINSTECH P.O. Nilore, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Haas, F. [Physics Institute, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, RS, Porto Alegre 915051-970 (Brazil)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Development of Combined Opto-Acoustical Sensor Modules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The faint fluxes of cosmic neutrinos expected at very high energies require large instrumented detector volumes. The necessary volumes in combination with a sufficient shielding against background constitute forbidding and complex environments (e.g. the deep sea) as sites for neutrino telescopes. To withstand these environments and to assure the data quality, the sensors have to be reliable and their operation has to be as simple as possible. A compact sensor module design including all necessary components for data acquisition and module calibration would simplify the detector mechanics and ensures the long term operability of the detector. The compact design discussed here combines optical and acoustical sensors inside one module, therefore reducing electronics and additional external instruments for calibration purposes. In this design the acoustical sensor is primary used for acoustic positioning of the module. The module may also be used for acoustic particle detection and marine science if an appropriat...

Enzenhöfer, A; Graf, K; Hößl, J; Katz, U; Lahmann, R; Neff, M; Richardt, C

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Acoustical power amplification and damping by temperature gradients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ceperley proposed a concept of a traveling wave heat engine [“A pistonless Stirling engine—The traveling wave heat engine ” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 66 1508–1513 (1979).] that provided a starting point of thermoacoustics today. This paper verifies experimentally his idea through observation of amplification and strong damping of a plane acoustic traveling wave as it passes through axial temperature gradients. The acoustic power gain is shown to obey a universal curve specified by a dimensionless parameter ???; ? is the angular frequency and ?? is the relaxation time for the gas to thermally equilibrate with channel walls. As an application of his idea a three-stage acoustic power amplifier is developed which attains the gain up to 10 with a moderate temperature ratio of 2.3.

Tetsushi Biwa; Ryo Komatsu; Taichi Yazaki

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Multi-level acoustic modeling for automatic speech recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context-dependent acoustic modeling is commonly used in large-vocabulary Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) systems as a way to model coarticulatory variations that occur during speech production. Typically, the local ...

Chang, Hung-An, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Progress in Fiber Optical Acoustic and Seismic Sensing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A review of the progress in fiber optic acoustic and seismic sensor systems is presented. Common advancements in areas such as multiplexing are covered as well as specific progress in...

Kirkendall, Clay; Cole, James H; Tveten, Alan B; Dandridge, Anthony

465

Transverse acoustic actuation of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two methods for the transverse acoustic actuation of {110}-cut Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals are discussed. In this actuation mode, crystals are used that have the {110}- type twinning planes parallel to the base of the crystal. ...

Simon, Jesse Matthew

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Speech coding, reconstruction and recognition using acoustics and electromagnetic waves  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The use of EM radiation in conjunction with simultaneously recorded acoustic speech information enables a complete mathematical coding of acoustic speech. The methods include the forming of a feature vector for each pitch period of voiced speech and the forming of feature vectors for each time frame of unvoiced, as well as for combined voiced and unvoiced speech. The methods include how to deconvolve the speech excitation function from the acoustic speech output to describe the transfer function each time frame. The formation of feature vectors defining all acoustic speech units over well defined time frames can be used for purposes of speech coding, speech compression, speaker identification, language-of-speech identification, speech recognition, speech synthesis, speech translation, speech telephony, and speech teaching.

Holzrichter, John F. (Berkeley, CA); Ng, Lawrence C. (Danville, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Measurement of the Q value of an acoustic resonator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A cylindrical acoustic resonator was externally driven at the first resonance frequency by a compression driver. The acoustic energy stored in the resonator and the power dissipated per unit time were evaluated through the simultaneous measurements of acoustic pressure and velocity, in order to determine the Q value of the resonator. The resulting Q value, being employed as a measure of the damping in a resonator, was obtained as 36. However, the Q value determined from a frequency response curve known as a conventional technique turned out to be 25, which is 30% less than that obtained in the present method. By further applying these two methods in the case of a resonator having an acoustic load inside, we present an accurate measurement of the Q value of the resonator by making full use of its definition.

Tetsushi Biwa; Yuki Ueda; Hiroshi Nomura; Uichiro Mizutani; Taichi Yazaki

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Neighborhood analysis methods in acoustic modeling for automatic speech recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis investigates the problem of using nearest-neighbor based non-parametric methods for performing multi-class class-conditional probability estimation. The methods developed are applied to the problem of acoustic ...

Singh-Miller, Natasha, 1981-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Separation of acoustic waves in isentropic flow perturbations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present contribution investigates the mechanisms of sound generation and propagation in the case of highly-unsteady flows. It is based on the linearisation of the isentropic Navier-Stokes equation around a new pathline-averaged base flow. As a consequence of this unsteady and non-radiating base flow, the perturbation equations satisfy a conservation law. It is demonstrated that this flow perturbations can be split into acoustic and vorticity modes, with the acoustic modes being independent of the vorticity modes. Moreover, we conclude that the present acoustic perturbation is propagated by the convective wave equation and fulfills Lighthills acoustic analogy. Therefore, we can define the deviations of the Navier-Stokes equation from the convective wave equation as true sound sources. In contrast to other authors, no assumptions on a slowly varying or irrotational flow are necessary. Using a symmetry argument for the conservation laws, an energy conservation result and a generalisation of the sound intensity is provided.

Christian Henke

2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

470

Acoustical wave propagation in buried water filled pipes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a comprehensive way of dealing with the problem of acoustical wave propagation in cylindrically layered media with a specific application in water-filled underground pipes. The problem is studied in ...

Kondis, Antonios, 1980-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Crystalline Silicon under Acoustic Cavitation: From Mechanoluminescence to Amorphization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The physicochemical behavior of crystalline silicon under acoustic cavitation is investigated in water sparged with argon at low temperature (10 and 20 °C). Surprisingly, spectroscopic investigations reveal that argon (bubbling continuously through the ...

Matthieu Virot; Rachel Pflieger; Ekaterina V. Skorb; Johann Ravaux; Thomas Zemb; Helmuth Möhwald

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

472

AUV Cooperative Operations using Acoustic Communication and Navigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, University of Idaho, Moscow Idaho, 83844- 0902 + CDNSWC Acoustic Research Detachment, 33890 North Main Street to collect valuable data for scientific and military purposes. Historically, individual vehicles have been

Idaho, University of

473

The Measurement of Bubble-Size Distributions by Acoustical Backscatter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A multifrequency acoustical-backscatter technique is described for determining the size distribution of bubbles with radii between 8 and 130 µm. The method makes use of the resonance in the microbubbles and operates at six frequencies ranging ...

Svein Vagle; David M. Farmer

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

An Inversion of Acoustical Attenuation Measurements to Deduce Bubble Populations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurement of natural bubble populations is required for many areas of ocean science. Acoustical methods have considerable potential for achieving this goal because bubbles scatter sound strongly close to their natural frequency, which depends ...

H. Czerski

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

The CLEAR 2006 CMU acoustic environment classification system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe the CLEAR 2006 acoustic environment classification evaluation and the CMU system used in the evaluation. Environment classification is a critical technology for the CHIL Connector service [1] in that Connector relies on maintaining awareness ...

Robert G. Malkin

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

An experimental and theoretical acoustic investigation of single disc propellers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1988 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering AN EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL ACOUSTIC INVESTIGATION OF SINGLE DISC PROPELLERS A Thesis ELIZABETH ANN BUMANN Approved as to style and content by: Dr. Kenneth D. Korkan... 1988) Elizabeth Ann Bumsnn, B. S. , Texas AkM University Chairinan of Advisory Committee: Dr. Kenneth D. Korkan An experimental study of the acoustic field associated with two, three, and four blade propeller configurations was performed...

Bumann, Elizabeth Ann

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

477

Comparison of linear and nonlinear acoustic probing of rock salt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPARISON OF LINEAR AND NONLINEAR ACOUSTIC PROBING OF ROCK SALT A Thesis by ALBERT MIN-HAO WANG Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AIIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August... 1980 Major Subject: Geophysics COMPARISON OF LINEAR AND NONLINEAR ACOUSTIC PROBING OF ROCK SALT A Thesis by ALBERT MIN-HAO 'RANG Approved as to style and content by: l('-/c~k~&(. Chairman o Comm ' ee Member) Member / I Member Head...

Wang, Albert Min-Hao

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

478

Assessment of ecosystem biodiversity by acoustic diversity indices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Assessment of ecosystem biodiversity by measurement of acoustic diversity was explored [B. L. Krause Explorers J. Winter 156–160 (1993)]. Specific acoustic indices (e.g. based on frequency spectrum) were developed and correlated with standard diversity indices (e.g. standard species abundance indices). Necessary technological infrastructures and analytic processes to measure acoustic dynamics of ecological biodiversity were explored. An automated web?based infrastructure capable of capturing processing and relaying real?time field measurements from multiple ecosystems to desktop and home computers was developed tested and implemented. Key infrastructure components were remote field instrumentation remote computer processing wireless digital relay instrumentation Internet server and automation relational database and website software. A dynamic digital library of ecological acoustic samples correlated ecosystem attributes and acoustic analysis methodologies was established. Library resources including digital sound files captured from ecosystems were made available to researchers and the public over the Internet [N. Metzger and M. Blumenthal Realizing Info. Future NAP 113–119 (1994)]. Indices of acoustic ecosystem diversity were refined through application on existing digital ecosystem sound recordings and digital sounds captured from multiple ecosystems. The performance of these indices was compared to standard biodiversity indices applied to the same ecosystems.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Device and method for generating a beam of acoustic energy from a borehole, and applications thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In some aspects of the invention, a method of generating a beam of acoustic energy in a borehole is disclosed. The method includes generating a first acoustic wave at a first frequency; generating a second acoustic wave at a second frequency different than the first frequency, wherein the first acoustic wave and second acoustic wave are generated by at least one transducer carried by a tool located within the borehole; transmitting the first and the second acoustic waves into an acoustically non-linear medium, wherein the composition of the non-linear medium produces a collimated beam by a non-linear mixing of the first and second acoustic waves, wherein the collimated beam has a frequency based upon a difference between the first frequency and the second frequency; and transmitting the collimated beam through a diverging acoustic lens to compensate for a refractive effect caused by the curvature of the borehole.

Vu, Cung Khac; Sinha, Dipen N; Pantea, Cristian; Nihei, Kurt T; Schmitt, Denis P; Skelt, Christopher

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Acoustic horn reflectance: Equations and measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reflectance is the transfer function between forward and reflected components of pressure waves that propagate in wave guides such as acoustic horns. Exact solutions to Webster's Horn Equation are only known for a few specific shapes including parabolic conical and exponential. Explicit equations for reflectance in these three horn shapes were recently published for infinite-length horns. Measured reflectance in 3D-printed finite-length examples of these horn shapes show no similarity in the frequency-domain to exact reflectance for infinite-length horns. The similarity improves after adjustments to both the equations and the measurements. New equations were derived for exact reflectance of finite-length horns. Measured reflectance was smoothed by time-domain windowing. In contrast to frequency-domain reflectance comparisons of time-domain reflectance prior to the time sound reaches the end of the horn were not much affected by these adjustments. Because exact equations are known and 3D-printed examples are easy to obtain these three horn shapes may be useful as standards for comparing different reflectance-measurement systems.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "underwater active acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Plasma Shape Effects on Geodesic Acoustic Oscillations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geodesic acoustic mode (GAM) oscillations in tokamak plasmas are known to be sensitive to the value of the safety factor q. Through its linear and nonlinear interactions with ITG turbulence it has recently been shown in direct numerical global simulations that the turbulence driven heat transport is larger when GAM oscilations of large amplitude are present, resulting in an anomalous transport scaling with the inverse plasma current. GAM dispersion relations have been derived for circular, large aspect ratio configurations, and, recently, for helical configurations. Linear simulation results are presented using the global, PIC, finite element codes GYGLES and ORB5 for the GAM frequency, damping rate and Rosenbluth-Hinton residual zonal flow for a scan in plasma elongation. It is found that CAM frequency slightly decreases, while GAM damping rate and residual zonal flows increase with elongation. Nonlinear ITG simulations using the ORB5 code show that elongation reduces heat transport and that this is related to the plasma current and not q alone.

Villard, L.; Angelino, P.; Jolliet, S.; McMillan, B. F.; Sauter, O.; Tran, T. M. [Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, Association Euratom -- Confederation Suisse, EPFL, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Bottino, A. [Max-Planck Gesellschaft Institute for Plasma Physics, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Hatzky, R. [Computer Center of the IPP, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Max-Planck Gesellschaft, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

482

Inferior-Colliculus Responses to Amplitude-Modulated and Unmodulated Acoustic Tones and Cochlear-Implant Pulse Trains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and unmodulated pulse trains. J Acoust Soc Am 110, 368-79.desynchronizing pulse trains. J Acoust Soc Am 114, 2079-98.by high-frequency pulse trains of long duration. J Acoust

Schoenecker, Matthew Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Acoustic mapping of pelagic fish distribution and abundance in relation to a seismic shooting area off the Norwegian west coast  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In April 1999 seismic investigations started in an area off western Norway as part of an ordinary three-dimensional survey, using a vessel with two seismic sources, each of 20 air guns and 10 hydrophone streamers. The seismic sources, towed at a depth of 8 m, were alternatively fired every 25 m along 51 transects, each 51 525 m long, separated from adjacent transects by 500 m. The possible influence of this seismic activity on pelagic fish (herring, blue whiting and mesopelagic species) was investigated in two ways. First, the distribution and abundance within the seismic area and the surrounding waters up to 30–50 km away were mapped acoustically three times. In all three surveys the acoustic abundance of pelagic fish was higher outside than inside the seismic shooting area, indicating a long-term effect of the seismic activity. Secondly, the acoustic abundance was recorded directly prior to and after shooting along some of the seismic transects. In these comparisons no differences were found, indicating that the shooting had insignificant short-term scaring effects. However, both blue whiting and mesopelagic species were found in deeper waters in periods with shooting compared to periods without shooting, indicating that vertical movement rather than horizontal movement could be a short-term reaction to this noise.

Aril Slotte; Kaare Hansen; John Dalen; Egil Ona

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Acoustic propagation characteristics of the estuarine salt wedge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The estuarine environment often hosts a salt wedge—a layer of denser seawater advected by the rising tide under fresh water discharged by the river. The nature of the stratification is a function of the tide's range and speed of advance river discharge volumetric flow rate and river mouth morphology. The competing effects of temperature and salinity on sound speed present the question: Is the salt wedge acoustically observable? Using temperature and salinity profiles collected in situ numerical results show that the salt wedge can impact acoustic propagation. Acoustically this environment consists of two isospeed layers separated by a thin gradient. While this three-layer very shallow water acoustic waveguide is typically dominated by high angle multipath propagation refraction occurring in the gradient layer allows some low-angle energy from near-surface sources to be trapped in the upper layer. Acoustic fluctuations observed at an upstream or downstream receiver depend upon the interaction between the advancing and receding tide and the river discharge which can include the presence of internal waves propagating along the top of the salt wedge.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Acoustic propagation characteristics of the estuarine salt wedge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The estuarine environment often hosts a salt wedge-a layer of denser seawater advected by the rising tide under fresh water discharged by the river. The nature of the stratification is a function of the tide's range and speed of advance river discharge volumetric flow rate and river mouth morphology. The competing effects of temperature and salinity on sound speed present the question: Is the salt wedge acoustically observable? Using temperature and salinity profiles collected in situ numerical results show that the salt wedge can impact acoustic propagation. Acoustically this environment can be approximated by two isospeed layers separated by a thin gradient. While this three-layer very shallow water acoustic waveguide is typically dominated by high angle multipath propagation refraction occurring in the gradient layer allows low-angle energy from near-surface sources to be trapped above the gradient and creates a shadow zone below the gradient. Energy from near-bottom sources is refracted to higher angles and attenuated more quickly. Acoustic fluctuations observed at an upstream/downstream receiver depend upon the presence/absence of bedforms and the interaction between the advancing/receding tide and the river discharge which can include the presence of internal waves propagating along the top of the salt wedge.

D. B. Reeder

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Studies of Acoustic Neutrino Detection Methods with ANTARES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The emission of neutrinos within a wide energy range is predicted from very-high-energy phenomena in the Universe. Even the current or next-generation Cherenkov neutrino telescopes might be too small to detect the faint fluxes expected for cosmic neutrinos with energies exceeding the EeV scale. The acoustic detection method is a promising option to enlarge the discovery potential in this highest-energy regime. In a possible future deep-sea detector, the pressure waves produced in a neutrino interaction could be detected by a 100 km\\^3-sized array of acoustic sensors, even if it is sparsely instrumented with about 100 sensors/km\\^3. This article focuses on the AMADEUS set-up of acoustic sensors, which is an integral part of the ANTARES detector. The main aim of the project is a feasibility study towards a future acoustic neutrino detector. However, the experience gained with the ANTARES-AMADEUS hybrid opto-acoustic set-up can also be transferred to future very large volume optical neutrino telescopes, especial...

Graf, K

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Heat-driven acoustic cooling engine having no moving parts  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A heat-driven acoustic cooling engine having no moving parts receives heat from a heat source. The acoustic cooling engine comprises an elongated resonant pressure vessel having first and second ends. A compressible fluid having a substantial thermal expansion coefficient and capable of supporting an acoustic standing wave is contained in the resonant pressure vessel. The heat source supplies heat to the first end of the vessel. A first heat exchanger in the vessel is spaced-apart from the first end and receives heat from the first end. A first thermodynamic element is adjacent to the first heat exchanger and converts some of the heat transmitted by the first heat exchanger into acoustic power. A second thermodynamic element has a first end located spaced-apart from the first thermodynamic element and a second end farther away from the first thermodynamic element than is its first end. The first end of the second thermodynamic element heats while its second end cools as a consequence of the acoustic power. A second heat exchanger is adjacent to and between the first and second thermodynamic elements. A heat sink outside of the vessel is thermally coupled to and receives heat from the second heat exchanger. The resonant pressure vessel can include a housing less than one-fourth wavelength in length coupled to a reservoir. The housing can include a reduced diameter portion communicating with the reservoir.

Wheatley, John C. (Los Alamos, NM); Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM); Hofler, Thomas J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Dark Energy Constraints from Baryon Acoustic Oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Baryon acoustic oscillations (BAOs) in the galaxy power spectrum allow us to extract the scale of the comoving sound horizon at recombination, a cosmological standard ruler accurately determined by the cosmic microwave background anisotropy data. We examine various issues important in the use of BAOs to probe dark energy. We find that if we assume a flat universe and priors on ?m, ?mh2, and ?bh2 as expected from the Planck mission, the constraints on dark energy parameters (w0, w') scale much less steeply with survey area than (area)-1/2 for a given redshift range. The constraints on the dark energy density ?X(z), however, do scale roughly with (area)-1/2 due to the strong correlation between H(z) and ?m (which reduces the effect of priors on ?m). Dark energy constraints from BAOs are very sensitive to the assumed linear scale of matter clustering and the redshift accuracy of the survey. For a BAO survey with 0.5 ? z ? 2, ? (R) = 0.4 [corresponding to kmax (z = 0) = 0.086 h Mpc-1], and ?z/ (1 + z) = 0.001, we find = (0.115,0.183) and (0.069, 0.104) for survey areas of 1000 and 10,000 deg2, respectively. We find that it is critical to minimize the bias in the scale estimates in order to derive reliable dark energy constraints. For a 1000 (10,000) deg2 BAO survey, a 1 ? bias in ln H (z) leads to a 2 ? (3 ?) bias in w'. The bias in w' due to the same scale bias from ln DA (z) is slightly smaller and opposite in sign. The results from this paper will be useful in assessing different proposed BAO surveys and guiding the design of optimal dark energy detection strategies.

Yun Wang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave equation Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics 23 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: in the ion acoustic wave equation we obtain 4 where no is the...

490

Excitation of plasma waves in the ionosphere caused by atmospheric acoustic waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The transformation of atmospheric acoustic waves into plasma waves in the ionosphere is investigated. The transformation mechanism is based on plasma wave exitation by growing acoustic waves, when ... is reached....

N. Ya. Kotsarenko; R. Pérez Enríquez; S. V. Koshevaya

491

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic detection test Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

test Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: acoustic detection test Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 First Informal MiniWorkshop on Acoustic...

492

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic waves trapped Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

no internal waves so that the acoustic propagation is very clean.Travel times of the first... to the acoustic array. The dashed lines represent the crests of the waves with 160...

493

Predicting underwater radiated noise levels due to the first offshore wind turbine installation in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Noise generated by offshore impact pile driving radiates into the air water and sediment. Predicting noise levels around the support structures at sea is required to estimate the effects of the noise on marine life. Based on high demands developing renewable energy source the United States will begin the first pile driving within one to two years. It is necessary to investigate acoustic impact using our previously verified coupled Finite Element (Commercial FE code Abaqus) and Monterey Miami Parabolic Equation (2D MMPE) models [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 131(4) 3392 (2012)]. In the present study we developed a new coupled FE-MMPE model for the identification of zone of injury due to offshore impact pile driving. FE analysis produced acoustic pressure outputs on the surface of the pile which are used as a starting field for a long range 2D MMPE propagation model. It calculates transmission loss for N different azimuthal directions as function of distance from the location of piling with the inputs of corresponding bathymetry and sediment properties. We will present predicted zone of injury by connecting N different distances of equivalent level fishes may get permanent injury due to the first offshore wind farm installation in the United States.

James H. Miller

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Predicting underwater radiated noise levels due to the first offshore wind turbine installation in the U.S.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Noise generated by offshore impact pile driving radiates into the air water and sediment. Predicting noise levels around the support structures at sea is required to estimate the effects of the noise on marine life. Based on high demands developing renewable energy source the United States will begin the first pile driving within one to two years. It is necessary to investigate acoustic impact using our previously verified coupled Finite Element (Commercial FE code Abaqus) and Monterey Miami Parabolic Equation (2D MMPE) models (J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 131(4) p. 3392 2012). In the present study we developed a new coupled FE-MMPE model for the identification of zone of injury due to offshore impact pile driving. FE analysis produced acoustic pressure outputs on the surface of the pile which are used as a starting field for a long range 2D MMPE propagation model. It calculates transmission loss for N different azimuthal directions as function of distance from the location of piling with the inputs of corresponding bathymetry and sediment properties. We will present predicted zone of injury by connecting N different distances of equivalent level fishes may get permanent injury due to the first offshore wind farm installation in the U.S..

Huikwan Kim; James H. Miller; Gopu R. Potty

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Understanding some simple phenomena in thermoacoustics with applications to acoustical heat engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermoacoustical phenomena have a long history and are frequently characterized by great complexity. In the present paper we describe how by the use of suitable acoustical structures the phenomena can both be simplified and readily demonstrated. A heuristic discussion is emphasized which we hope will be useful in teaching the principles. The qualities of certain model apparatus that demonstrate acoustically stimulated entropy flow a thermally driven acoustic oscillator and an acoustically driven refrigerator are also presented in semiquantitative detail.

John Wheatley; T. Hofler; G. W. Swift; A. Migliori

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Viscous effects on the linear stability of a pulsanting bubble in acoustic fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A linear stability theory of the harmonic motion of cavitation bubbles subject to an acoustic field with respect... $$\\sqrt {2\

Paolo Blondeaux

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Microsoft Word - Acoustic Sensor for Pipeline Monitoring_Revised.do  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LA-UR-05-6025 LA-UR-05-6025 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Title: Acoustic Sensor for Pipeline Monitoring: Technology Report Author(s): Dipen N. Sinha Submitted to: Gas Technology Management Division Strategic Center for Natural Gas and Oil National Energy Technology Laboratory 2 Acoustic Sensor for Pipeline Monitoring: Technology Report Dipen Sinha Los Alamos National Laboratory July 20, 2005 Executive Summary This report presents detailed information on the effort to develop acoustic sensing technologies for natural gas pipe line monitoring. It starts with a historical evolution of the project and ends with the current status. The various technical accomplishments during this effort are pointed out. The latest technique involves the use of Lamb wave propagation in the wall of a pipe generated in a stand-off manner for defect detection. The report presents

498

Microsoft PowerPoint - Subsea_Acoustics v5.ppt  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Acoustic Impacts on Marine Mammals Acoustic Impacts on Marine Mammals from Subsea Oil & Gas Processing DOE Strategy to Address Noise from Subsea Petroleum Processing Technologies DOE Strategy to Address Noise from Subsea Petroleum Processing Technologies Noise Types & Thresholds High Level, Intermittent Low Level, Continuous MMS Workshop Nov. 17-19, 2009 Boston, MA Marine Mammals and Noise Marine Mammal Commission March 2007 Advisory Committee on Acoustic Impacts on Marine Mammals Marine Mammal Commission February 2006 Effects of Subsea Processing on Deepwater Environments in the Gulf of Mexico Minerals Management Service May 2008 Addressing the Effects of Human- Generated Sound on Marine Life Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science & Technology (JSOST) January 2009 Facilities Utilizing Subsea Petroleum Processing Technologies

499

Acoustical environments measured in urban and suburban schools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements of sound levels in numerous classrooms and other instructional spaces in primary educational facilities over the past several years have revealed a lack of acoustical control within public schools. We have found environments in excess of NC?60 more often than we have found NC?30 rooms in unoccupied spaces. Occupied sound levels in instructional spaces may exceed 90 dB(A). Because of poor acoustical design we have found classrooms on the same floor with background sound levels that vary from NC?60 to NC?25 depending on the distance from the HVAC mechanical room. This paper will present some case studies that demonstrate the need for an acoustical standard for the classroom.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

An Estimate of Biofilm Properties using an Acoustic Microscope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Noninvasive measurements over a biofilm, a three-dimensional community of microorganisms immobilized at a substratum, were made using an acoustic microscope operating at frequencies up to 70 MHz. Spatial variation of surface heterogeneity, thickness, interior structure, and biomass of a living biofilm was estimated over a 2.5-mm by 2.5-mm region. Ultrasound based estimates of thickness were corroborated using optical microscopy and the nominal biofilm thickness was 100 microns. Experimental data showed that the acoustic microscope combined with signal processing was capable of imaging and making quantitative estimates of the spatial distribution of biomass within the biofilm. The revealed surface topology and interior structure of the biofilm provide data for use in advanced biofilm mass transport models. The experimental acoustic and optical systems, methods to estimate of biofilm properties and potential applications for the resulting data are discussed.

Good, Morris S.; Wend, Christopher F.; Bond, Leonard J.; Mclean, Jeffrey S.; Panetta, Paul D.; Ahmed, Salahuddin; Crawford, Susan L.; Daly, Don S.

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z