Sample records for underwater active acoustic

  1. Cooperative Multihop Communication for Underwater Acoustic Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shengli

    Cooperative Multihop Communication for Underwater Acoustic Networks Cecilia Carbonelli and Urbashi propagation 1. INTRODUCTION Underwater sensor networks will find applications in data collection, pollution acoustic (UWA) channels differ from those in other media, such as radio channels, due to the high temporal

  2. Piezoelectric materials used in underwater acoustic transducers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Huidong; Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.

    2012-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Piezoelectric materials have been used in underwater acoustic transducers for nearly a century. In this paper, we reviewed four different types of piezoelectric materials: piezoelectric ceramics, single crystals, composites, and polymers, which are widely used in underwater acoustic transducers nowadays. Piezoelectric ceramics are the most dominant material type and are used as a single-phase material or one of the end members in composites. Piezoelectric single crystals offer outstanding electromechanical response but are limited by their manufacturing cost. Piezoelectric polymers provide excellent acoustic impedance matching and transducer fabrication flexibility although their piezoelectric properties are not as good as ceramics and single crystals. Composites combined the merits of ceramics and polymers and are receiving increased attention. The typical structure and electromechanical properties of each type of materials are introduced and discussed with respect to underwater acoustic transducer applications. Their advantages and disadvantages are summarized. Some of the critical design considerations when developing underwater acoustic transducers with these materials are also touched upon.

  3. Distributed Space-Time Cooperative Schemes for Underwater Acoustic Communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stojanovic, Milica

    Distributed Space-Time Cooperative Schemes for Underwater Acoustic Communications Madhavan, which is a main characteristic of underwater acoustic channels. A time-reversal distributed space in oceanic research, such as [3] [4]: data collec- tion, pollution monitoring, tactical surveillance

  4. Challenges for Efficient Communication in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pompili, Dario

    Challenges for Efficient Communication in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks Ian F. Akyildiz for oceano- graphic data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore explo- ration and tactical surveillance in collaborative monitoring missions. Underwater acoustic network- ing is the enabling technology

  5. Wormhole-Resilient Secure Neighbor Discovery in Underwater Acoustic Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Rui

    ), Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUV), and surface stations, and nearby nodes communicate via acoustic ratherWormhole-Resilient Secure Neighbor Discovery in Underwater Acoustic Networks Rui Zhang and Yanchao in underwater acoustic networks (UANs) with floating node mobility. In hostile environments, neighbor discovery

  6. Exploiting the BandwidthDistance Relationship in Underwater Acoustic Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stojanovic, Milica

    (UWASNs) may also be augmented with autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs); for example, this unmanned1 Exploiting the Bandwidth­Distance Relationship in Underwater Acoustic Networks Paolo Casari consumption, and transmission delay in a Underwater Wireless Acoustic Sensor Network (UWASN). We compare

  7. Autonomous Data Collection from Underwater Sensor Networks using Acoustic Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukhatme, Gaurav S.

    for an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) to collect data from an underwater sensor network. The sensors. A potential solution is the use of a mobile autonomous under- water vehicle (AUV) equipped with an acousticAutonomous Data Collection from Underwater Sensor Networks using Acoustic Communication Geoffrey A

  8. Localization with Dive'N'Rise (DNR) Beacons for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shengli

    Localization with Dive'N'Rise (DNR) Beacons for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks Melike Erol-Based Systems]: Underwater acoustic sensor networks - localization General Terms: Performance Keywords: Underwater sensor networks, localization, positioning, mobile beacon 1. INTRODUCTION Pollution monitoring

  9. Three-Dimensional Routing in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pompili, Dario

    Three-Dimensional Routing in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks Dario Pompili and Tommaso Melodia applications in oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration, disaster prevention in a 3D underwa- ter acoustic sensor network is investigated at the network layer, by considering

  10. An Advanced Channel Framework for Improved Underwater Acoustic Network Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shengli

    such as pollution, climate change and severe weather events is rapidly increasing. At the same time, as ocean underwater sensors, vehicles and devices together using acoustic communication. Network protocol development operation. However, acoustic communication performance is dynamic and dependent upon the environment

  11. Underwater acoustic sensor networks: research challenges Ian F. Akyildiz *, Dario Pompili, Tommaso Melodia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pompili, Dario

    Underwater acoustic sensor networks: research challenges Ian F. Akyildiz *, Dario Pompili, Tommaso will find applications in oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration acoustic networking is the enabling technology for these applications. Underwater networks consist

  12. Three-dimensional and two-dimensional deployment analysis for underwater acoustic sensor networks q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pompili, Dario

    Three-dimensional and two-dimensional deployment analysis for underwater acoustic sensor networks q Accepted 23 July 2008 Available online 7 August 2008 Keywords: Underwater acoustic sensor networks data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration, disaster prevention, assisted navigation

  13. An Architecture for Ocean Bottom UnderWater Acoustic Sensor Networks (UWASN)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melodia, Tommaso

    An Architecture for Ocean Bottom UnderWater Acoustic Sensor Networks (UWASN) Dario Pompili, Tommaso collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration, and tactical surveillance applications. To make Acoustic Networking (UWASN) is the en- abling technology for these applications [1]. Underwater Networks

  14. Turbo Detection for Mobile MIMO Underwater Acoustic Communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Yahong Rosa

    Turbo Detection for Mobile MIMO Underwater Acoustic Communications Jun Tao , Yahong Rosa Zheng-- Turbo detection for high data-rate single-carrier mobile multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO signal is then sent to a MIMO turbo equalization module for detection. In the MIMO turbo equalization

  15. An Aquatic Acoustic Metrics Interface Utility for Underwater Sound Monitoring and Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ren, Huiying; Halvorsen, Michele B.; Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Fishes and other marine mammals suffer a range of potential effects from intense sound sources generated by anthropogenic underwater processes such as pile driving, shipping, sonars, and underwater blasting. Several underwater sound recording devices (USR) were built to monitor the acoustic sound pressure waves generated by those anthropogenic underwater activities, so the relevant processing software becomes indispensable for analyzing the audio files recorded by these USRs. However, existing software packages did not meet performance and flexibility requirements. In this paper, we provide a detailed description of a new software package, named Aquatic Acoustic Metrics Interface (AAMI), which is a Graphical User Interface (GUI) designed for underwater sound monitoring and analysis. In addition to the general functions, such as loading and editing audio files recorded by USRs, the software can compute a series of acoustic metrics in physical units, monitor the sound's influence on fish hearing according to audiograms from different species of fishes and marine mammals, and batch process the sound files. The detailed applications of the software AAMI will be discussed along with several test case scenarios to illustrate its functionality.

  16. State-of-the-Art in Protocol Research for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pompili, Dario

    to observe and predict the ocean. Unmanned or Autonomous Underwater Vehi- cles (UUVs, AUVs), equipped (UW-ASNs) will consist of sensors and vehicles deployed underwater and networked via acoustic linksState-of-the-Art in Protocol Research for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks Ian F. Akyildiz

  17. For the Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Underwater Acoustic Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stojanovic, Milica

    For the Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Underwater Acoustic, MA 02115 Keywords: acoustic communications coherent equalization channel estimation multi- path communications exists in applications such as remote control in o -shore oil industry, pollution monitoring

  18. Evaluation of an acoustic detection algorithm for reactive collision avoidance in underwater applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viquez Rojas, Oscar Alberto

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis sought to evaluate a vehicle detection algorithm based on a passive acoustic sensor, intended for autonomous collision avoidance in Unmanned Underwater Vehicles. By placing a hydrophone at a safe distance from ...

  19. The ICoN integrated communication and navigation protocol for underwater acoustic networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kanthan, Rupesh R

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The deployment of autonomous underwater devices has increased dramatically in the last several years, presenting a strong and growing need for a network protocol to mediate acoustic communications between devices. This ...

  20. Tier-Based Underwater Acoustic Routing for Applications with Reliability and Delay Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melodia, Tommaso

    Tier-Based Underwater Acoustic Routing for Applications with Reliability and Delay Constraints Li of New York at Buffalo Buffalo, New York 14260 Email: tmelodia@buffalo.edu Abstract--UnderWater Acoustic and military applications such as oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration

  1. Joint Time and Spatial Reuse Handshake Protocol for Underwater Acoustic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lampe, Lutz

    , ocean exploration, undersea navigation and control over autonomous underwater vehicles, to name just and the high cost of retransmissions due to the long transmission delay and large energy consumption

  2. Tones for Real: Managing Multipath in Underwater Acoustic Wakeup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidemann, John

    sensors--are only recently penetrating into underwater research. Acous- tic communication is best suited the oceans, lakes, and waterways that strongly influence our environment and can provide natural

  3. Tones for Real: Managing Multipath in Underwater Acoustic Wakeup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidemann, John

    , in-situ sensing with many inexpensive sensors--are only recently penetrating into underwater research the oceans, lakes, and waterways that strongly influence our environment and can pro- vide natural resources

  4. "Busy Terminal Problem" and Implications for MAC Protocols in Underwater Acoustic Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shengli

    "Busy Terminal Problem" and Implications for MAC Protocols in Underwater Acoustic Networks Yibo Zhu that the exposed terminal problem can be easily handled and system performance is improved. However, in practical, the modem cannot transmit packets when it is busy. This problem is referred to as the "busy terminal problem

  5. Outage Performance of a Multiuser Distributed Antenna System in Underwater Acoustic Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhengdao

    1 Outage Performance of a Multiuser Distributed Antenna System in Underwater Acoustic Channels Zhaohui Wang, Shengli Zhou, Zhengdao Wang, Josko Catipovic§ and Peter Willett Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA Dept. of Electrical and Computer

  6. Dusky Dolphin (Lagenorhynchus obscurus) Underwater Bait-Balling Behaviors and Acoustic Signals: A Comparison Between Argentina and New Zealand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaughn, Robin

    2011-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    I characterized dusky dolphin (Lagenorhynchus obscurus) underwater bait-balling behaviors and acoustic signals, and compared data between Argentina and New Zealand (NZ) to investigate the roles of ecology versus social learning. I quantified prey...

  7. Underwater Acoustic Detection of Ultra High Energy Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Niess; V. Bertin

    2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the acoustic detection method of 10^18-20 eV neutrinos in a Mediterranean Sea environment. The acoustic signal is re-evaluated according to dedicated cascade simulations and a complex phase dependant absorption model, and compared to previous studies. We detail the evolution of the acoustic signal as function of the primary shower characteristics and of the acoustic propagation range. The effective volume of detection for a single hydrophone is given taking into account the limitations due to sea bed and surface boundaries as well as refraction effects. For this 'benchmark detector' we present sensitivity limits to astrophysical neutrino fluxes, from which sensitivity bounds for a larger acoustic detector can be derived. Results suggest that with a limited instrumentation the acoustic method would be more efficient at extreme energies, above 10^20 eV.

  8. Design Parameters of a Miniaturized Piezoelectric Underwater Acoustic Transmitter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Huidong; Deng, Zhiqun; Yuan, Yong; Carlson, Thomas J.

    2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) project supported by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District, has yielded the smallest acoustic fish tag transmitter commercially available to date. In order to study even smaller fish populations and make the transmitter injectable by needles, the JSATS acoustic micro transmitter needs to be further downsized. As part of the transmitter downsizing effort some of the design parameters of the lead zirconate titanate (PZT) ceramic tube transducer in the transmitter were studied, including the type of PZT, the backing material, the necessary drive voltage, the transmitting bandwidth and the length of the transducer. It was found that, to satisfy the 156-dB source level requirement of JSATS, a square wave with a 10-volt amplitude is required to drive 'soft' PZT transducers. PZT-5H demonstrated the best source level performance. For Navy types I and II, 16 volts or 18 volts were needed. Ethylene-propylene-diene monomer (EPDM) closed-cell foam was found to be the backing material providing the highest source level. The effect of tube length on the source level is also demonstrated in this paper, providing quantitative information for downsizing of small piezoelectric transmitters.

  9. COPE-MAC: A Contention-based Medium Access Control Protocol with Parallel Reservation for Underwater Acoustic Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shengli

    collection, oil/gas field monitoring, and undersea persistent surveillance [1]­[4]. Since radio does not work propagation delays (acoustic signals propagate 5 orders of magnitude slower than electromagnetic waves). Due in underwater networks tend to improve the system energy efficiency by using either RTS/CTS like handshaking

  10. T-Lohi: A New Class of MAC Protocols for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidemann, John

    and energy efficient design are important as we foresee many diverse applications for underwater sensor

  11. Passive and Active Acoustics Using an Autonomous Wave Glider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frandsen, Jannette B.

    ) and autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) (or unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs)), have reached a sufficiently developed wave glider has the potential to be an effective unmanned platform for acoustic ap- plications. We component in many marine operations. Robotic vehicles serve in an increasing variety of roles for scientific

  12. Active Classification: Theory and Application to Underwater Inspection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollinger, Geoffrey A; Sukhatme, Gaurav S

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the problem in which an autonomous vehicle must classify an object based on multiple views. We focus on the active classification setting, where the vehicle controls which views to select to best perform the classification. The problem is formulated as an extension to Bayesian active learning, and we show connections to recent theoretical guarantees in this area. We formally analyze the benefit of acting adaptively as new information becomes available. The analysis leads to a probabilistic algorithm for determining the best views to observe based on information theoretic costs. We validate our approach in two ways, both related to underwater inspection: 3D polyhedra recognition in synthetic depth maps and ship hull inspection with imaging sonar. These tasks encompass both the planning and recognition aspects of the active classification problem. The results demonstrate that actively planning for informative views can reduce the number of necessary views by up to 80% when compared to passive methods...

  13. Sensitivity of an underwater acoustic array to ultra-high energy neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckingham, Michael

    -high energies appears in fireball models of gamma-ray bursts [6­8], active galactic nuclei [9­ 14] and of UHECR production [2, 17,18]. Weakly interacting neutrinos could, unlike UHE gamma rays and protons the possibility of searching for ultra high energy neutrinos in cosmic rays using acoustic techniques in ocean

  14. T-Lohi: A New Class of MAC Protocols for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidemann, John

    extensive simulation. The results show that the energy cost of packet transmission is within 3­9% of optimal energy-efficient design an important goal. While some researchers have suggested many underwater networks slow in Hawaiian). Besides being energy and throughput efficient, Tone Lohi (T-Lohi) provides flexible

  15. Idle-time Energy Savings Through Wake-up Modes in Underwater Acoustic Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stojanovic, Milica

    (e.g., bit rate and latency) and in terms of energy consumption (i.e., transmit power, receive power the potential to use long term sensing devices and autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV) to explore the large transmission. To this end, researchers have begun devising MAC-layer protocols that minimize energy consumption

  16. Active micromixer using surface acoustic wave streaming

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Branch; Darren W. (Albuquerque, NM), Meyer; Grant D. (Ithaca, NY), Craighead; Harold G. (Ithaca, NY)

    2011-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    An active micromixer uses a surface acoustic wave, preferably a Rayleigh wave, propagating on a piezoelectric substrate to induce acoustic streaming in a fluid in a microfluidic channel. The surface acoustic wave can be generated by applying an RF excitation signal to at least one interdigital transducer on the piezoelectric substrate. The active micromixer can rapidly mix quiescent fluids or laminar streams in low Reynolds number flows. The active micromixer has no moving parts (other than the SAW transducer) and is, therefore, more reliable, less damaging to sensitive fluids, and less susceptible to fouling and channel clogging than other types of active and passive micromixers. The active micromixer is adaptable to a wide range of geometries, can be easily fabricated, and can be integrated in a microfluidic system, reducing dead volume. Finally, the active micromixer has on-demand on/off mixing capability and can be operated at low power.

  17. Scientific Solutions (TRL 5 6 Component) - Underwater Active Acoustic

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy atLLC - FE DKT. 10-160-LNG -EnergyProcess|2 (TextScienceScience.gov?

  18. Short Paper: A Reservation MAC Protocol for Ad-Hoc Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Sumit

    to shore or surface buoys equipped with RF modems and signif- icant battery power; the other fixed are interconnected us- ing acoustic communications for cost effective data trans- port. The acoustic channel, however and mobile non-gateway nodes are typically much more power limited. MAC protocol design for such a network

  19. Using optical communication for remote underwater robot operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doniec, Marek Wojciech

    Underwater vehicles are typically operated using a tether or a slow acoustic link. We present an underwater optical communication system that enables a high-throughput and low-latency link to an underwater robot. The optical ...

  20. Underwater Data Collection Using Robotic Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollinger, Geoffrey A.

    We examine the problem of utilizing an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) to collect data from an underwater sensor network. The sensors in the network are equipped with acoustic modems that provide noisy, range-limited ...

  1. Elastic parabolic equation solutions for underwater acoustic problems using seismic sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Franka) Department of Mathematics, Marist College, 3399 North Road, Poughkeepsie, New York 12601 Robert I that it may be necessary to account for elastic bottom interactions. In order to study energy conversion elastic energy is converted to acoustic energy at the ocean-bottom interface. These waves enter

  2. Acoustic modes in combustors with complex impedances and multidimensional active

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Acoustic modes in combustors with complex impedances and multidimensional active flames F. Nicoud-acoustic modes in combustors. In the case of a non-isothermal reacting medium, the wave equation for the pressure

  3. Multi-Cluster Protocol for Ad Hoc Mobile Underwater Acoustic Networks Francisco Salv-Garau and Milica Stojanovic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stojanovic, Milica

    @coitt.es, millitsa@mit.edu Abstract- An autonomous network of underwater vehicles is considered in which of connectivity, successful transmission rate, average delay and energy consumption. Simulation analysis is used Underwater Vehicles. I. INTRODUCTION Autonomous operations future naval capability (AOFNC) calls

  4. On the Impacts and Benefits of Implementing Full-Duplex Communications Links in an Underwater Acoustic Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Geoffrey

    . These networks may provide command and control for autonomous underwater vehicles, forward reporting by arraysOn the Impacts and Benefits of Implementing Full-Duplex Communications Links in an Underwater of sensor grids, ad hoc communications links to covert forces, or positive control of unmanned, forward

  5. ACOUSTIC POLLUTION HOW HUMAN ACTIVITIES DISRUPT WILDLIFE COMMUNICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    4/17/2011 1 ACOUSTIC POLLUTION HOW HUMAN ACTIVITIES DISRUPT WILDLIFE COMMUNICATION Emily Hockman M of acoustic pollution in the oceans and effects on marine mammals Where do we go from here? #12;4/17/2011 2 ON ACOUSTIC POLLUTION Anthropogenic sound generation Transportation Army/Navy Research Commercial Birds

  6. Sound propagation around underwater seamounts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sikora, Joseph J., III

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the ocean, low frequency acoustic waves propagate with low attenuation and cylindrical spreading loss over long-ranges, making them an effective tool for underwater source localization, tomography, and communications. ...

  7. Measuring surface ocean wave height and directional spectra using an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler from an autonomous underwater vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haven, Scott

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) is a proven technology which is capable of measuring surface wave height and directional information, however it is generally limited to rigid, bottom mounted applications which ...

  8. Reliability of underwater hearing thresholds in pinnipeds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichmuth, Colleen

    Reliability of underwater hearing thresholds in pinnipeds Brandon L. Southall Long Marine and certain testing parameters (e.g., equipment and research personnel), measured underwater hearing (0.2­6.4 kHz). These data address the reliability of acoustic signal detection measurements over time

  9. Experimental Results in Synchronous-Clock One-Way-Travel-Time Acoustic Navigation for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitcomb, Louis L.

    Architecture & Marine Engineering University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 email: eustice@umich.edu Department of Mechanical Engineering Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 email: llw [1], [2], on the hull of a surface ship [3], or on sea-ice [4]. With a maximum acoustic range of 5

  10. acoustic wave sensors: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    acoustic wave devices can be used as wireless sensor elements (SAW transponders Zachmann, Gabriel 30 Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks: Research Challenges CiteSeer...

  11. acoustic wave sensor: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    acoustic wave devices can be used as wireless sensor elements (SAW transponders Zachmann, Gabriel 30 Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks: Research Challenges CiteSeer...

  12. Adaptive Routing in Underwater Delay/Disruption Tolerant Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Jun-Hong

    , such as oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration, dis- aster prevention, assisted pose a range of challenges to underwater commu- nication and networking. Firstly, acoustic communication is usually employed in underwater sensor networks, and acoustic channels feature high error rate

  13. Fountain Codes and their Application to Broadcasting in Underwater Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Michele

    aim in this paper is to study the performance of broadcasting al- gorithms for underwater acoustic, Performance Keywords Underwater acoustic networks, broadcast, fountain codes, hybrid ARQ, modeling such as oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration, disaster prevention, etc., to name

  14. Calibration of broadband active acoustic systems using a single standard spherical target

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanton, Tim

    Calibration of broadband active acoustic systems using a single standard spherical target Timothy K 8 April 2008 When calibrating a broadband active acoustic system with a single standard target the concept of using this echo for calibration in the work of Dragonette et al. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 69, 1186

  15. Creation of cavitation activity in a microfluidic device through acoustically driven capillary waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohl, Claus-Dieter

    Creation of cavitation activity in a microfluidic device through acoustically driven capillary acoustic cavitation generated by ultrasonic vibrations in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) based microfluidic in the microfluidic channels. Also, it is observed that nuclei leading to intense inertial cavitation are generated

  16. FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT: Underwater Active Acoustic Monitoring Network For Marine And Hydrokinetic Energy Projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, Peter J.; Edson, Patrick L.

    2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This project saw the completion of the design and development of a second generation, high frequency (90-120 kHz) Subsurface-Threat Detection Sonar Network (SDSN). The system was deployed, operated, and tested in Cobscook Bay, Maine near the site the Ocean Renewable Power Company TidGen™ power unit. This effort resulted in a very successful demonstration of the SDSN detection, tracking, localization, and classification capabilities in a high current, MHK environment as measured by results from the detection and tracking trials in Cobscook Bay. The new high frequency node, designed to operate outside the hearing range of a subset of marine mammals, was shown to detect and track objects of marine mammal-like target strength to ranges of approximately 500 meters. This performance range results in the SDSN system tracking objects for a significant duration - on the order of minutes - even in a tidal flow of 5-7 knots, potentially allowing time for MHK system or operator decision-making if marine mammals are present. Having demonstrated detection and tracking of synthetic targets with target strengths similar to some marine mammals, the primary hurdle to eventual automated monitoring is a dataset of actual marine mammal kinematic behavior and modifying the tracking algorithms and parameters which are currently tuned to human diver kinematics and classification.

  17. Design and implementation of an underwater sound recording device

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinez, Jayson J.; Myers, Joshua R.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Deng, Zhiqun; Rohrer, John S.; Caviggia, Kurt A.; Woodley, Christa M.; Weiland, Mark A.

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To monitor the underwater sound and pressure waves generated by activities such as underwater blasting and pile driving, an autonomous system used to record underwater acoustic signals was designed. The device designed allows two hydrophones or other dynamic pressure sensors to be connected, filters out high frequency noise, has a gain that can be independently set for each sensor, and allows two hours of data to be collected. Two versions of the USR were created; one is submersible to a maximum depth of 300 m, and the other, although watertight, is not intended to be fully submersed. Tests were performed in the laboratory using a data acquisition system to send single-frequency sinusoidal voltages directly to the each component. These tests verified that the device performs as well as larger commercially available data acquisition systems, which are not suited for field use. A prototype of the device was used in a case study to investigate the effect of underwater rock blasting on juvenile Chinook salmon and rainbow trout. The case study demonstrated that the device was able to tolerate being operated in harsh environments, making it a valuable tool for collecting field measurements.

  18. A parallel hypothesis method of autonomous underwater vehicle navigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LaPointe, Cara Elizabeth Grupe

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research presents a parallel hypothesis method for autonomous underwater vehicle navigation that enables a vehicle to expand the operating envelope of existing long baseline acoustic navigation systems by incorporating ...

  19. Special Issue "Underwater Sensor Nodes and Underwater Sensor Networks" A special issue of Sensors (ISSN 1424-8220)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Min

    aquatic environments. Marine surveillance, pollution detection and monitoring, and oceanographic data (salinity, conductivity, turbidity, pH, oxygen, temperature, depth, etc.) - Sediments and pollution sensor nodes - Acoustic sensors - Underwater sensor network architectures - Wired and wireless protocols

  20. A Resilient Routing Algorithm for Long-term Applications in Underwater Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pompili, Dario

    data collection, pollution moni- toring, offshore exploration, disaster prevention, assisted navigation, and tactical surveillance. Underwater acoustic networking is the enabling technology for these applica- tions of the underwater acoustic channel. A two-phase resilient routing solution for long-term monitoring missions

  1. active acoustic emission: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  2. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, ACCEPTED FOR PUBLICATION 1 A QoS-aware Underwater Optimization Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pompili, Dario

    .1- 1 s). Mobile Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) can conserve energy by waiting for the `best, Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs), equipped with underwater sensors, are used for information gathering Optimization Framework for Inter-vehicle Communication using Acoustic Directional Transducers Baozhi Chen

  3. Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) path planning and adaptive on-board routing for adaptive rapid environmental assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Ding, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In shallow water, a large part of underwater acoustic prediction uncertainties are induced by sub-meso-to-small scale oceanographic variabilities. Conventional oceanographic measurements for capturing such ocean-acoustic ...

  4. Acoustic Modes in Combustors with Complex Impedances and Multidimensional Active Flames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicoud, Franck

    Acoustic Modes in Combustors with Complex Impedances and Multidimensional Active Flames F. Nicoud for computing the thermoacoustic modes in combustors. In the case of a nonisothermal reacting medium, the wave

  5. Underwater manipulator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schrum, P.B.; Cohen, G.H.

    1993-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Self-contained, waterproof, water-submersible, remote-controlled apparatus is described for manipulating a device, such as an ultrasonic transducer for measuring crack propagation on an underwater specimen undergoing shock testing. The subject manipulator includes metal bellows for transmittal of angular motions without the use of rotating shaft seals or O-rings. Inside the manipulator, a first stepper motor controls angular movement. In the preferred embodiment, the bellows permit the first stepper motor to move an ultrasonic transducer [plus minus]45 degrees in a first plane and a second bellows permit a second stepper motor to move the transducer [plus minus]10 degrees in a second plane orthogonal to the first. In addition, an XY motor-driven table provides XY motion.

  6. Theoretical Modeling Issue in Active Noise Control for a One-Dimensional Acoustic Duct System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zhenyu

    Theoretical Modeling Issue in Active Noise Control for a One-Dimensional Acoustic Duct System-6700 Esbjerg, Denmark Email: yang,sp@aaue.dk Abstract--The theoretical modeling of active noise control for the entire one-dimensional active duct noise control system is obtained and validated. The developed model

  7. Field Test Experience of an Underwater Wireless Network in the Atlantic Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shengli

    collecting, marine surveillance and pollution detection [1]-[4]. However, due to the unique characteristics.e. a Teledyne Benthos underwater acoustic modem [6]). Fig. l. Deployment area On the software side, we use Aqua

  8. Efficient Error Recovery with Network Coding in Underwater Sensor Zheng Guo, Bing Wang, Peng Xie, Wei Zeng and Jun-Hong Cui

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shengli

    is efficient error recovery in the presence of high error probability, long propagation delays and low acoustic) the computational capability of underwater sensor nodes, and (2) the broadcast nature of acoustic channels of research, many critical underwater applications, such as oceanographic data collection, pollution

  9. BodyScope: A Wearable Acoustic Sensor for Activity Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    , speaking, laughing, and coughing. The F-measure of the Support Vector Machine classification of 12 of activities (e.g., eating, drinking, speaking, laughing and coughing) with BodyScope reveals that the system

  10. MHD wave refraction and the acoustic halo effect around solar active regions - a 3D study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rijs, Carlos; Przybylski, Damien; Cally, Paul S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An enhancement in high-frequency acoustic power is commonly observed in the solar photosphere and chromosphere surrounding magnetic active regions. We perform 3D linear forward wave modelling with a simple wavelet pulse acoustic source to ascertain whether the formation of the acoustic halo is caused by MHD mode conversion through regions of moderate and inclined magnetic fields. This conversion type is most efficient when high frequency waves from below intersect magnetic field lines at a large angle. We find a strong relationship between halo formation and the equipartition surface at which the Alfv\\'en speed $a$ matches the sound speed $c$, lending support to the theory that photospheric and chromospheric halo enhancement is due to the creation and subsequent reflection of magnetically dominated fast waves from essentially acoustic waves as they cross $a=c$. In simulations where we have capped $a$ such that waves are not permitted to refract after reaching the $a=c$ height, halos are non-existent, which su...

  11. Adaptive RTT-driven Transport-layer Flow and Error Control Protocol for QoS Guaranteed Image Transmission over Multi-hop Underwater Wireless Networks: Design, Implementation, and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jiahao

    2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    With the rapid advances in data transmission over various advanced underwater acoustic networks, it is important to develop the efficient protocol to obtain a high data-rate with Quality of Service (QoS) guarantee requirements for acoustic wireless...

  12. Routing Algorithms for Delay-insensitive and Delay-sensitive Applications in Underwater Sensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pompili, Dario

    will find applications in oceano- graphic data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration acoustic networking is the en- abling technology for these applications. In this paper, an archi- tecture for three-dimensional underwater sensor networks is con- sidered, and a model characterizing the acoustic

  13. Experiments with Underwater Robot Localization and Tracking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corke, Peter; Detwiler, Carrick; Dunbabin, Matthew; Hamilton, Michael; Rus, Daniela; Vasilescu, Iuliu

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    navigation of unmanned underwater vehicles: a survey part 1:navigation of unmanned underwater vehicles: a survey part 2:

  14. Computer vision techniques for underwater navigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barngrover, Christopher M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    USVs) and unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs), splitting theUnmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) Au- tonomous Underwater Vehicle

  15. Acoustic waves in the atmosphere and ground generated by volcanic activity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ichihara, Mie; Lyons, John; Oikawa, Jun; Takeo, Minoru [Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032 (Japan); Instituto Geofisico, Escuela Politecnica Nacional, Ladron de Guevara E11-253, Aptdo 2759, Quito (Ecuador); Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032 (Japan)

    2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports an interesting sequence of harmonic tremor observed in the 2011 eruption of Shinmoe-dake volcano, southern Japan. The main eruptive activity started with ashcloud forming explosive eruptions, followed by lava effusion. Harmonic tremor was transmitted into the ground and observed as seismic waves at the last stage of the effusive eruption. The tremor observed at this stage had unclear and fluctuating harmonic modes. In the atmosphere, on the other hand, many impulsive acoustic waves indicating small surface explosions were observed. When the effusion stopped and the erupted lava began explosive degassing, harmonic tremor started to be transmitted also to the atmosphere and observed as acoustic waves. Then the harmonic modes became clearer and more stable. This sequence of harmonic tremor is interpreted as a process in which volcanic degassing generates an open connection between the volcanic conduit and the atmosphere. In order to test this hypothesis, a laboratory experiment was performed and the essential features were successfully reproduced.

  16. Vector Sensor Arrays in Underwater Acoustic Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jesus, Sérgio M.

    and Sérgio M. Jesus1, 1 Institute for Systems and Robotics, University of Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005 hydrophone arrays in ot

  17. Receiver designs for multiuser underwater acoustic communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Steve E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Receiver block diagram employing SIC, ATR, MP, and a jointReceiver block diagram employing SIC, ATR, MP, and a joint

  18. Receiver designs for multiuser underwater acoustic communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Steve E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    compensate for the Doppler effect. The receiver discussed in? p = ? p /? p . The Doppler effect compresses or dilateschar- acterizes the Doppler effect in narrowband systems (W

  19. acoustic fluid structure: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of a water-loaded structure excited by an impulse force is of interest for the acoustic stealth of submarines Paris-Sud XI, Universit de 49 Far-Field Underwater Explosion...

  20. An Underwater Communication and Sensing Testbed in Marina del Rey Andrew Goodney, Young H. Cho, John Heidemann, John Wroclawski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidemann, John

    awareness of environmental concerns such as runoff pollution and global climate change, and significant such as difficulty in modeling the behavior of underwater acoustic signals. These difficulties make simulations that implements a fully software-based acoustic signal path. By analogy with "software radio", all of the signal

  1. Collaborative Mapping with Autonomous Underwater Vehicles in Low-Bandwidth Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Idaho, University of

    representation of the search area among a small fleet of autonomous underwater vehicles. Using available acoustic of the search area, low-resolution mine-like object (MLO) locations, and potentially dangerous areas estimates for MLO contacts. Maintenance of such a map of the search area enables certain advanced behaviors

  2. On the Effects of Node Density and Duty Cycle on Energy Efficiency in Underwater Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stojanovic, Milica

    networks, with low or high traffic, call for the development of flexible networking solutions. Because in the design of underwater acoustic networks is energy efficiency, since the nodes are of- ten powered in [5], taking into account the relationship between distance, frequency, and transmission power [6

  3. Aqua-3D: An Underwater Network Animator Matthew Tran, Michael Zuba, Son Le, Yibo Zhu, Zheng Peng and Jun-Hong Cui

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shengli

    of applications, such as seismic monitoring of undersea oil fields, submarine detection, pollution monitoring environment. Acoustic signals are the primary form of com- munication used in UWSNs due to the limited range of radio signals underwater. Unfortunately, acoustic communication has a much longer propagation delay [4

  4. Underwater Gas Expansion and Deflagration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Van; Gilbert, John; McCue-Weil, Leigh

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The underwater combustion of a propane-air mixture in an acrylic cylinder is captured on video from multiple angles. This experiment is designed to provide visual data and pressure time-histories for future CFD validation studies.

  5. On the Optimal Detection of an Underwater Intruder in a Channel Using Unmanned Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sastry, S. Shankar

    On the Optimal Detection of an Underwater Intruder in a Channel Using Unmanned Underwater Vehicles- water intruder in a channel using one or more unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs). In particular and a corresponding optimized trajectory for each patroller. In numerical tests for one, two, and three underwater

  6. Path planning methods for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi?it, Konuralp

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From naval operations to ocean science missions, the importance of autonomous vehicles is increasing with the advances in underwater robotics technology. Due to the dynamic and intermittent underwater environment and the ...

  7. Acoustics in the Klebanoff-Saric Wind Tunnel: Background Identification, Forcing, and Active Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuester, Matthew

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ......................................... 12 4 Layout of broadband acoustic panels on plenum floor, walls, and ceiling 16 5 Single direction sensing technique (frequency domain) ............................ 22 6 Single direction sensing technique (time domain... .............................................................................. 26 2 Comparison of microphone broadband noise in the 30 Hz ? 150 Hz band at 1000 RPM ............................................................................................... 28 3 Breakdown of baseline SPL by frequency range...

  8. Intelligent Planning for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Xin

    such as the Mid-Atlantic Ridge 4 / 10 #12;Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Unmanned, untethered submersibles AutosubIntelligent Planning for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Zeyn Saigol January 31, 2007 Supervisors Underwater Vehicles Classical planning systems Problem specification Markov Decision Processes 2 / 10 #12

  9. Sound propagation around underwater seamounts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sikora, Joseph J., III

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis develops and utilizes a method for analyzing data from the North Pacific Acoustic Laboratory's (NPAL) Basin Acoustic Seamount Scattering Experiment (BASSEX). BASSEX was designed to provide data to support the ...

  10. PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF AD HOC PROTOCOLS FOR UNDERWATER NETWORKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    amongst Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUVs). Underwater networks face extreme challenges of low bandwidth amongst Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUVs). Underwater networks face extreme challenges of low bandwidth that the movement of underwater vehicles is not random and that it can be predicted or it is known beforehand

  11. AUV Cooperative Operations using Acoustic Communication and Navigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Idaho, University of

    1 AUV Cooperative Operations using Acoustic Communication and Navigation T. Bean*, G. Beidler*, J to collect underwater data, including sonar bathymetry in relatively deep water [1] and measurements) [3]. AUVs were used to search 3.5 million square meters of shallow water for mines in Operation

  12. autonomous underwater modeling: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of rather expensive sensors such as Doppler Paris-Sud XI, Universit de 33 Design of an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) charging system for underway, underwater...

  13. Implementation of a wireless underwater video link

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morash, James Paul

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) are increasingly being considered for remotely supervised missions, primarily for routine subsea inspection tasks currently performed by tethered remotely operated vehicles (ROVs). ...

  14. Planning for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Zeyn Saigol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Xin

    , 2007 4 / 25 #12;Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Unmanned, untethered submersibles Autosub, developedPlanning for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Zeyn Saigol Intelligent Robotics Lab meeting July 31 in Southampton Cheaper than manned vehicles Can get to places tethered vehicles can't No need for human

  15. A REMOTE CONTROLLED UNDERWATER PHOTOGRAPHIC SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A REMOTE CONTROLLED UNDERWATER PHOTOGRAPHIC SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM by Paul J. Kruse, Jr. MarineKernan, Director A Remote Controlled Underwater Photographic Surveillance System by Paul J. Kruse, Jr. United. September 1964 #12;#12;CONTENTS Page Introduction 1 Remote controlled photographic system and accessories 1

  16. Development and Testing of an Acoustic Based Underwater Positioning System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Stephen L.

    Bowlus George Maul, Ph.D. Program Chair, Ocean Engineering Stephen Wood, Ph.D., P.E. Assistant Professor, Ocean Engineering ­ Major Advisor Lee Harris, Ph.D., P.E. Associate Professor, Ocean Engineering Bachelor of Science Electrical Engineering Ohio University 2005 A thesis submitted to Florida Institute

  17. Lorentz actuators for turbulence control and underwater acoustic communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sura, Daniel A

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lorentz actuator dynamics in a fluid are governed by the fundamental principles of electromagnetism and hydrodynamics and have several potential applications in the marine field. Two areas of interest where improvements ...

  18. DYNAMICS & CONTROL OF UNDERWATER GLIDERS I: STEADY MOTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    underwater vehicle which uses gravity for propulsion. Underwater gliders are winged underwater vehicles whichDYNAMICS & CONTROL OF UNDERWATER GLIDERS I: STEADY MOTIONS N. Mahmoudian, J. Geisbert, & C. Woolsey Blacksburg, VA 24060 www.unmanned.vt.edu June 6, 2009 Technical Report No. VaCAS-2007-01 Copyright c 2007 #12

  19. Underwater Vehicles hal-00733797,version1-19Sep2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to unmanned underwater vehicles (UUV). The UUV family is known to have two separate branches: the RemotelyUnderwater Vehicles hal-00733797,version1-19Sep2012 Author manuscript, published in "Underwater Vehicles (2009) 525-538" #12;hal-00733797,version1-19Sep2012 #12;Underwater Vehicles Edited by Alexander V

  20. Acoustic transducer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An active acoustic transducer tool for use down-hole applications. The tool includes a single cylindrical mandrel including a shoulder defining the boundary of a narrowed portion over which is placed a sandwich-style piezoelectric tranducer assembly. The piezoelectric transducer assembly is prestressed by being placed in a thermal interference fit between the shoulder of the mandrel and the base of an anvil which is likewise positioned over the narrower portion of the mandrel. In the preferred embodiment, assembly of the tool is accomplished using a hydraulic jack to stretch the mandrel prior to emplacement of the cylindrical sandwich-style piezoelectric transducer assembly and anvil. After those elements are positioned and secured, the stretched mandrel is allowed to return substantially to its original (pre-stretch) dimensions with the result that the piezoelectric transducer elements are compressed between the anvil and the shoulder of the mandrel.

  1. Passive Acoustic Detection of Wind Turbine In-Flow Conditions for Active Control and Optimization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murray, Nathan E.

    2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Wind is a significant source of energy; however, the human capability to produce electrical energy still has many hurdles to overcome. One of these is the unpredictability of the winds in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL). The ABL is highly turbulent in both stable and unstable conditions (based on the vertical temperature profile) and the resulting fluctuations can have a dramatic impact on wind turbine operation. Any method by which these fluctuations could be observed, estimated, or predicted could provide a benefit to the wind energy industry as a whole. Based on the fundamental coupling of velocity fluctuations to pressure fluctuations in the nearly incompressible flow in the ABL, This work hypothesizes that a ground-based array of infrasonic pressure transducers could be employed to estimate the vertical wind profile over a height relevant for wind turbines. To analyze this hypothesis, experiments and field deployments were conducted. Wind tunnel experiments were performed for a thick turbulent boundary layer over a neutral or heated surface. Surface pressure and velocity probe measurements were acquired simultaneously. Two field deployments yielded surface pressure data from a 49 element array. The second deployment at the Reese Technology Center in Lubbock, TX, also included data from a smaller aperture, 96-element array and a 200-meter tall meteorological tower. Analysis of the data successfully demonstrated the ability to estimate the vertical velocity profile using coherence data from the pressure array. Also, dynamical systems analysis methods were successful in identifying and tracking a gust type event. In addition to the passive acoustic profiling method, this program also investigated a rapid response Doppler SODAR system, the optimization of wind turbine blades for enhanced power with reduced aeroacoustic noise production, and the implementation of a wireless health monitoring system for the wind turbine blades. Each of these other objectives was met successfully. The use of phase unwrapping applied to SODAR data was found to yield reasonable results for per-pulse measurements. A health monitoring system design analysis was able to demonstrate the ability to use a very small number of sensors to monitor blade health based on the blade's overall structural modes. Most notable was the development of a multi-objective optimization methodology that successfully yielded an aerodynamic blade design that produces greater power output with reduced aerodynamic loading noise. This optimization method could be significant for future design work.

  2. Compact acoustic refrigerator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bennett, G.A.

    1992-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A compact acoustic refrigeration system actively cools components, e.g., electrical circuits, in a borehole environment. An acoustic engine includes first thermodynamic elements for generating a standing acoustic wave in a selected medium. An acoustic refrigerator includes second thermodynamic elements located in the standing wave for generating a relatively cold temperature at a first end of the second thermodynamic elements and a relatively hot temperature at a second end of the second thermodynamic elements. A resonator volume cooperates with the first and second thermodynamic elements to support the standing wave. To accommodate the high heat fluxes required for heat transfer to/from the first and second thermodynamic elements, first heat pipes transfer heat from the heat load to the second thermodynamic elements and second heat pipes transfer heat from first and second thermodynamic elements to the borehole environment. 18 figs.

  3. Compact acoustic refrigerator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bennett, Gloria A. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A compact acoustic refrigeration system actively cools components, e.g., electrical circuits (22), in a borehole environment. An acoustic engine (12, 14) includes first thermodynamic elements (12) for generating a standing acoustic wave in a selected medium. An acoustic refrigerator (16, 26, 28) includes second thermodynamic elements (16) located in the standing wave for generating a relatively cold temperature at a first end of the second thermodynamic elements (16) and a relatively hot temperature at a second end of the second thermodynamic elements (16). A resonator volume (18) cooperates with the first and second thermodynamic elements (12, 16) to support the standing wave. To accommodate the high heat fluxes required for heat transfer to/from the first and second thermodynamic elements (12, 16), first heat pipes (24, 26) transfer heat from the heat load (22) to the second thermodynamic elements (16) and second heat pipes (28, 32) transfer heat from first and second thermodynamic elements (12, 16) to the borehole environment.

  4. Design considerations for engineering Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shah, Vikrant P. (Vikrant Pankaj)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) have been established as a viable tool for Oceanographic Sciences. Being untethered and independent, AUVs fill the gap in Ocean Exploration left by the existing manned submersible and ...

  5. Analytic and numerical study of underwater implosion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gish, Lynn Andrew

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Underwater implosion, the rapid collapse of a structure caused by external pressure, generates a pressure pulse in the surrounding water that is potentially damaging to adjacent structures or personnel. Understanding the ...

  6. Contributions to automated realtime underwater navigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanway, Michael Jordan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation presents three separate-but related-contributions to the art of underwater navigation. These methods may be used in postprocessing with a human in the loop, but the overarching goal is to enhance vehicle ...

  7. Robust planning for unmanned underwater vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frost, Emily Anne

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I design and implement a novel method of schedule and path selection between predetermined waypoints for unmanned underwater vehicles under uncertainty. The problem is first formulated as a mixed-integer ...

  8. Biologically inspired underwater propulsion and adhesion mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan, Yichao

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ultimate objective of this research is to develop an innovative underwater pipe inspection robot with both swimming and crawling capabilities as opposed to conventional in-pipe robots with wheeled designs or driven by ...

  9. Cooperative localization for autonomous underwater vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahr, Alexander

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Self-localization of an underwater vehicle is particularly challenging due to the absence of Global Positioning System (GPS) reception or features at known positions that could otherwise have been used for position ...

  10. Underwater communication via compact mechanical sound generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ubellacker, Wyatt

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Effective communication with underwater remotely operated vehicles (UROV) can be difficult to accomplish. In water, simple radio communication is quickly dissipated at higher frequencies and lower frequencies require a ...

  11. XAUV : modular high maneuverability autonomous underwater vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Daniel G. (Daniel George)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The design and construction of a modular test bed autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) is analyzed. Although a relatively common stacked-hull design is used, the state of the art is advanced through an aggressive power ...

  12. Multi-reflective acoustic wave device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Andle, Jeffrey C.

    2006-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    An acoustic wave device, which utilizes multiple localized reflections of acoustic wave for achieving an infinite impulse response while maintaining high tolerance for dampening effects, is disclosed. The device utilized a plurality of electromechanically significant electrodes disposed on most of the active surface. A plurality of sensors utilizing the disclosed acoustic wave mode device are also described.

  13. Automatic Fish Classification for Underwater Species Behavior Understanding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Bob

    Automatic Fish Classification for Underwater Species Behavior Understanding Concetto Spampinato an automatic fish classi- fication system that operates in the natural underwater en- vironment to assist marine biologists in understanding fish behavior. Fish classification is performed by combining two types

  14. Development of a low-cost underwater manipulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooney, Lauren Alise

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes the design, modeling, manufacture, and testing of a low cost, multiple degree-of-freedom underwater manipulator. Current underwater robotic arm technologies are often expensive or limited in functionality. ...

  15. Automated Coordinator Synthesis for Mission Control of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Ratnesh

    Automated Coordinator Synthesis for Mission Control of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles S vehicles. The approach is aided by tools that allow graphical design, iterative redesign, and code autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) programs to meet evolving requirements and capabilities. The hierarchical

  16. Increasing Underwater Vehicle Autonomy by Reducing Energy Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chyba, Monique

    : Autonomous Underwater Vehicle, Minimum Energy Consumption, Optimal Control, Experiments. 1 IntroductionIncreasing Underwater Vehicle Autonomy by Reducing Energy Consumption M. Chybaa , T. Haberkornd , S, we concern ourselves with finding a control strategy that minimizes energy consumption along

  17. A microfluidics study of the triggering of underwater landslides by earthquakes M. El Bettah

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grilli, Stéphan T.

    of tsunamigenic landslides. Thus, both large- and small-scale experiments are performed; the former are standard to the point of liquefaction) caused by excess inter-granular pore pressures resulting from sesimic activity liquefaction; Underwater landslide. INTRODUCTION Although "co-seismic" tsunamis generated by earthquakes

  18. Acoustic emission intrusion detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carver, Donald W. (Knoxville, TN); Whittaker, Jerry W. (Knoxville, TN)

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An intrusion detector is provided for detecting a forcible entry into a secured structure while minimizing false alarms. The detector uses a piezoelectric crystal transducer to sense acoustic emissions. The transducer output is amplified by a selectable gain amplifier to control the sensitivity. The rectified output of the amplifier is applied to a Schmitt trigger circuit having a preselected threshold level to provide amplitude discrimination. Timing circuitry is provided which is activated by successive pulses from the Schmitt trigger which lie within a selected time frame for frequency discrimination. Detected signals having proper amplitude and frequency trigger an alarm within the first complete cycle time of a detected acoustical disturbance signal.

  19. SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION OF UNDERWATER VEHICLES Javier Pereira and Alec Duncan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .duncan@cmst.curtin.edu.au Abstract - Unmanned underwater vehicles (UUV's) are used in a number of applications such as pipelineSYSTEM IDENTIFICATION OF UNDERWATER VEHICLES Javier Pereira and Alec Duncan Australian Maritime hydrodynamic derivative measurements from sea trials using an underwater vehicle which is a half-scale model

  20. A New Compact Multichannel Receiver for Underwater Wireless Communication Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdi, Ali

    size of the proposed receiver makes it particularly useful for small unmanned underwater vehicles1 A New Compact Multichannel Receiver for Underwater Wireless Communication Networks Ali Abdi of the particle velocity, in addition to the pressure, multichannel reception can be accomplished in underwater

  1. Defense from a distance ORNL robotics sensors detect underwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    the development of unmanned, autonomous underwater vehicles with sensors that can scan areas, detect anomalies resources. Reporter 1 Retiree Newsletter Winter 2014 An unmanned, autonomous underwater vehicle surveys. With an efficient algorithm, the unmanned underwater vehicle can use the algorithm to under- stand what is being

  2. A Control System for OFDM Networked Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shengli

    . INTRODUCTION Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) belong to a group of unmanned robots that are usedA Control System for OFDM Networked Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Michael Zuba, Carlos Villa, haining.mo, zhengpeng, jiaxing.che, jcui}@engr.uconn.edu Abstract--Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV

  3. IDENTIFICATION OF UNDERWATER VEHICLE HYDRODYNAMIC COEFFICIENTS USING FREE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Tor Arne

    been an ever increasing num- ber of applications for unmanned underwater vehicles (UUV) in variousIDENTIFICATION OF UNDERWATER VEHICLE HYDRODYNAMIC COEFFICIENTS USING FREE DECAY TESTS Andrew Ross the potential accuracy of these new methods. Copyright c 2004 IFAC. Keywords: Low-speed underwater vehicles

  4. Fin Failure Compensation for an Unmanned Underwater Vehicle \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Naomi

    Fin Failure Compensation for an Unmanned Underwater Vehicle \\Lambda Albert S.­F. Cheng and Naomi on a torpedo­shaped unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) and design control laws to compensate for a fin that gets Island, is an unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) representative of a class of UUV designed to have

  5. A Multi-Vehicle Testbed for Underwater Motion Coordination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Benjamin

    Collective Unmanned Underwater Labora- tory (SCUUL) testbed is a multi-vehicle testbed that is used. SCUUL is a multi-vehicle testbed consisting of six propellor-driven unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVsA Multi-Vehicle Testbed for Underwater Motion Coordination Nitin Sydney Department of Aerospace

  6. STABILITY OF A BOTTOMHEAVY UNDERWATER VEHICLE NAOMI EHRICH LEONARD \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Naomi

    completely autonomous. In order for unmanned underwater vehicles to succeed they must be able to control of an actuator failure on board an unmanned underwater vehicle, nonlinear control methods can be used for motionSTABILITY OF A BOTTOM­HEAVY UNDERWATER VEHICLE NAOMI EHRICH LEONARD \\Lambda Department

  7. Underwater Computer Vision: Two Decades of Traditional Approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treuille, Adrien

    waters). Why is vision difficult in underwater? environment lighting medium Sensor & sensor platform #12) Why is vision difficult in underwater? environment lighting medium Sensor & sensor platform #12;7 Why is vision difficult in underwater? environment lighting medium Sensor & sensor platform 4. Poor positioning

  8. Method and apparatus for generating acoustic energy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Guerrero, Hector N. (Evans, GA)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus for generating and emitting amplified coherent acoustic energy. A cylindrical transducer is mounted within a housing, the transducer having an acoustically open end and an acoustically closed end. The interior of the transducer is filled with an active medium which may include scattering nuclei. Excitation of the transducer produces radially directed acoustic energy in the active medium, which is converted by the dimensions of the transducer, the acoustically closed end thereof, and the scattering nuclei, to amplified coherent acoustic energy directed longitudinally within the transducer. The energy is emitted through the acoustically open end of the transducer. The emitted energy can be used for, among other things, effecting a chemical reaction or removing scale from the interior walls of containment vessels.

  9. Controllable underwater anisotropic oil-wetting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yong, Jiale; Chen, Feng, E-mail: chenfeng@mail.xjtu.edu.cn; Yang, Qing; Farooq, Umar; Bian, Hao; Du, Guangqing; Hou, Xun [State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing System Engineering and Key Laboratory of Photonics Technology for Information of Shaanxi Province, School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China)

    2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This Letter demonstrates a simple method to achieve underwater anisotropic oil-wetting using silicon surfaces with a microgroove array produced by femtosecond laser ablation. The oil contact angles along the direction perpendicular to the grooves are consistently larger than those parallel to the microgroove arrays in water because the oil droplet is restricted by the energy barrier that exists between the non-irradiated domain and the trapped water in the laser-ablated microgrooves. This underwater anisotropic oil-wetting is able to be controlled, and the anisotropy can be tuned from 0° to ?20° by adjusting the period of the microgroove arrays.

  10. Design of an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) charging system for underway, underwater recharging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ewachiw, Mark Alexander, Jr

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern robotics have enabled the rapid proliferation of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) throughout the marine environment. As autonomy algorithms increase in robustness, complexity, and reliability, so too does the ...

  11. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckingham, Michael

    UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging using ambient noise ............................................................................................... xviii SECTION 1: INTRODUCTION Chapter 1: Acoustic Daylight......................................................................... 1 1.2 Acoustic Daylight

  12. MECHANICS AND NONLINEAR CONTROL: MAKING UNDERWATER VEHICLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Naomi

    which pro­ vide powerful means to understand and describe mechanical system behavior. Methods incorporat performance and efficient use of on­board power. We highlight the underwater vehicle control sys­ tem both torques that mimic the stabilizing moment associated with gravitational and buoy­ ant forces, using

  13. UNDERWATER PAINT MARKING OF PORPOISES1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNDERWATER PAINT MARKING OF PORPOISES1 Identification of individual animals has always been, and that was easy to apply at sea. Even a temporary mark permitting positive iden- tification for only a few hours would be a boon. Paint seemed an answer (Schevill 1966). Materials and Methods Several standard paint

  14. Optical Delineation of Benthic Habitat Using an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moline, Mark A.; Woodruff, Dana L.; Evans, Nathan R.

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To improve understanding and characterization of coastal regions, there has been an increasing emphasis on autonomous systems that can sample the ocean on relevant scales. Autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) with active propulsion are especially well suited for studies of the coastal ocean because they are able to provide systematic and near-synoptic spatial observations. With this capability, science users are beginning to integrate sensor suits for a broad range of specific and often novel applications. Here, the relatively mature Remote Environmental Monitoring Units (REMUS) AUV system is configured with multi-spectral radiometers to delineate benthic habitat in Sequim Bay, WA. The vehicle was deployed in a grid pattern along 5 km of coastline in depths from 30 to less than 2 meters. Similar to satellite and/or aerial remote sensing, the bandwidth ratios from the downward looking radiance sensor and upward looking irradiance sensor were used to identify beds of eelgrass on sub-meter scales. Strong correlations were found between the optical reflectance signals and the geo-referenced in situ data collected with underwater video within the grid. Results demonstrate the ability of AUVs to map littoral habitats at high resolution and highlight the overall utility of the REMUS vehicle for nearshore oceanography.

  15. Neutron Interrogation System For Underwater Threat Detection And Identification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barzilov, Alexander P.; Novikov, Ivan S.; Womble, Phil C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western Kentucky University, 1906 College Heights Blvd, 11077 Bowling Green, KY 42101 (United States)

    2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Wartime and terrorist activities, training and munitions testing, dumping and accidents have generated significant munitions contamination in the coastal and inland waters in the United States and abroad. Although current methods provide information about the existence of the anomaly (for instance, metal objects) in the sea bottom, they fail to identify the nature of the found objects. Field experience indicates that often in excess of 90% of objects excavated during the course of munitions clean up are found to be non-hazardous items (false alarm). The technology to detect and identify waterborne or underwater threats is also vital for protection of critical infrastructures (ports, dams, locks, refineries, and LNG/LPG). We are proposing a compact neutron interrogation system, which will be used to confirm possible threats by determining the chemical composition of the suspicious underwater object. The system consists of an electronic d-T 14-MeV neutron generator, a gamma detector to detect the gamma signal from the irradiated object and a data acquisition system. The detected signal then is analyzed to quantify the chemical elements of interest and to identify explosives or chemical warfare agents.

  16. Blue whale response to underwater noise from commercial ships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKenna, Megan Frances

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Accessing Noise Impact Acoustic pollution from ship noise isConcerns regarding acoustic noise pollution from ships ariseNoise pollution level metric for acoustic data collected at

  17. Virtual long baseline (VLBL) autonomous underwater vehicle navigation using a single transponder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LaPointe, Cara Elizabeth Grupe

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (cont.) Therefore, accurate underwater navigation using a single location transponder would provide dramatic time and cost savings for underwater vehicle operations. This thesis presents a simulation of autonomous underwater ...

  18. Acoustic Heating Peter Ulmschneider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulmschneider, Peter

    mechanisms. 1. The acoustic heating theory Only a few years after Edlen's (1941) discovery that the solar acoustic wave radiation- · b. field acoustic wave Figure 1. Panel a: Acoustic heating in late-type stars: effective temperature TeJ f, gravity g and mixing length parameter fr. Panel b: Acoustic heating in early

  19. Energy-efficient scheduling and hybrid communication architecture for underwater littoral surveillance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardei, Mihaela

    - cations. In combination with a scalable buoy positioning scheme that assures AUV underwater components are battery- powered, power efficiency is an important characteristic of the underwater

  20. Reducing Actuator Switchings for Motion Control of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Ryan N.

    Reducing Actuator Switchings for Motion Control of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Monique Chyba and energy minimization for AUVs). A major difficulty is to provide a formal estimation that compares

  1. Acoustic transducer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Drumheller, D.S.

    1997-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    An acoustic transducer is described comprising a one-piece hollow mandrel into the outer surface of which is formed a recess with sides perpendicular to the central axis of the mandrel and separated by a first distance and with a bottom parallel to the central axis and within which recess are a plurality of washer-shaped discs of a piezoelectric material and at least one disc of a temperature-compensating material with the discs being captured between the sides of the recess in a pre-stressed interference fit, typically at 2,000 psi of compressive stress. The transducer also includes a power supply and means to connect to a measurement device. The transducer is intended to be used for telemetry between a measurement device located downhole in an oil or gas well and the surface. The transducer is of an construction that is stronger with fewer joints that could leak fluids into the recess holding the piezoelectric elements than is found in previous acoustic transducers. 4 figs.

  2. Acoustic transducer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An acoustic transducer comprising a one-piece hollow mandrel into the outer surface of which is formed a recess with sides perpendicular to the central axis of the mandrel and separated by a first distance and with a bottom parallel to the central axis and within which recess are a plurality of washer-shaped discs of a piezoelectric material and at least one disc of a temperature-compensating material with the discs being captured between the sides of the recess in a pre-stressed interference fit, typically at 2000 psi of compressive stress. The transducer also includes a power supply and means to connect to a measurement device. The transducer is intended to be used for telemetry between a measurement device located downhole in an oil or gas well and the surface. The transducer is of an construction that is stronger with fewer joints that could leak fluids into the recess holding the piezoelectric elements than is found in previous acoustic transducers.

  3. BOUSSINESQ MODELING OF SURFACE WAVES DUE TO UNDERWATER LANDSLIDES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    topography, and the equations of motion for the landslide and surface waves are solved simultaneouslyBOUSSINESQ MODELING OF SURFACE WAVES DUE TO UNDERWATER LANDSLIDES DENYS DUTYKH AND HENRIK KALISCH Abstract. Consideration is given to the influence of an underwater landslide on waves at the surface

  4. BOUSSINESQ MODELING OF SURFACE WAVES DUE TO UNDERWATER LANDSLIDES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    topography, and the equations of motion for the landslide and surface waves are solved simultaneouslyBOUSSINESQ MODELING OF SURFACE WAVES DUE TO UNDERWATER LANDSLIDES DENYS DUTYKH # AND HENRIK KALISCH Abstract. Consideration is given to the influence of an underwater landslide on waves at the surface

  5. ATTEMPTS TO GUIDE SMALL FISH WITH UNDERWATER SOUND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Preliminary studies were made under the direction of J. T, Barnaby, formerly Chief, North Pacific Fishery" - Electro-magnetic transducer 6 Piezo-electric crystal transducer l8 "Wampus" - Underwater turbine 20 amplifiers and signal generator used to provide sound to the underwater speaker shown in figure 6 '8 9

  6. A Geometric Analysis of Trajectory Design for Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Ryan N.

    of mechanical systems. We focus in this paper on autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs). These fall holds true when considering energy consumption as the optimization cost. Moreover, implementingA Geometric Analysis of Trajectory Design for Underwater Vehicles M. Chyba, T. Haberkorn, G

  7. Real-time Collaborative Tracking for Underwater Networked Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kastner, Ryan

    technique can strategically trade off localization accuracy and energy consumption, achieving more than 50. INTRODUCTION There has been a growing interest in operating groups of autonomous underwater vehicles information is needed for con- trol and navigation of underwater vehicles, in early warning systems

  8. Propulsive Efficiency of the Underwater Dolphin Kick in Humans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish, Frank

    Propulsive Efficiency of the Underwater Dolphin Kick in Humans Alfred von Loebbecke Rajat Mittal's propulsive efficiencies. These estimates are compared with those of a ceta- cean performing the dolphin kick kinematics is based on underwater video footage. The simulations indicate that the propulsive efficiency

  9. Design and implementation of an underwater sound recording device

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinez, Jayson J.; Myers, Joshua R.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Deng, Zhiqun; Rohrer, John S.; Caviggia, Kurt A.

    2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to design and build two versions of an underwater sound recording device. The device designed is referred to as the Underwater Sound Recorder (USR), which can be connected to one or two hydrophones or other underwater sound sensors. The URS contains a 26 dB preamplifier and a user selectable gain that permits additional amplification of input to the system from 26 dB to 46 dB. Signals within the frequency range up to 15 kHz may be recorded using the USR. Examples of USR applications are monitoring underwater processes that have the potential to create large pressure waves that could potentially harm fish or other aquatic life, such as underwater explosions or pile driving. Additional applications are recording sound generated by vessels or the vocalizations of some marine mammals, such as the calls from many species of whales.

  10. Interest of correlation-based automatic target recognition in underwater optical images: theoretical justification and first

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    In underwater mine warfare, unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVS) are used as a complement to divers, to detect Underwater Vehicles (AUVs). In a typical mine hunting scenario, the mothership uses its sonars to studyInterest of correlation-based automatic target recognition in underwater optical images

  11. Estimation of Relative Position and Coordination of Mobile Underwater Robotic Platforms through Electric Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    examples. The approach is shown to allow coordination of unmanned underwater vehicles, including that of relative positioning for groups of cooperating underwater agents. More specifically, unmanned underwater System (GPS) constella- tion. Instead, underwater vehicles have come to rely on a number of alternate

  12. Acoustic cryocooler

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM); Martin, Richard A. (Los Alamos, NM); Radenbaugh, Ray (Louisville, CO)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An acoustic cryocooler with no moving parts is formed from a thermoacoustic driver (TAD) driving a pulse tube refrigerator (PTR) through a standing wave tube. Thermoacoustic elements in the TAD are spaced apart a distance effective to accommodate the increased thermal penetration length arising from the relatively low TAD operating frequency in the range of 15-60 Hz. At these low operating frequencies, a long tube is required to support the standing wave. The tube may be coiled to reduce the overall length of the cryocooler. One or two PTR's are located on the standing wave tube adjacent antinodes in the standing wave to be driven by the standing wave pressure oscillations. It is predicted that a heat input of 1000 W at 1000 K will maintian a cooling load of 5 W at 80 K.

  13. Pipeline inspection using an autonomous underwater vehicle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Egeskov, P.; Bech, M. [Maridan Aps., Hoersholm (Denmark); Bowley, R. [TSS Ltd., Weston-on-the-Green (United Kingdom); Aage, C. [Technical Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby (Denmark). Dept. of Ocean Engineering

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Pipeline inspection can be carried out by means of small Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs), operating either with a control link to a surface vessel, or totally independently. The AUV offers an attractive alternative to conventional inspection methods where Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) or paravanes are used. A flatfish type AUV ``MARTIN`` (Marine Tool for Inspection) has been developed for this purpose. The paper describes the proposed types of inspection jobs to be carried out by ``MARTIN``. The design and construction of the vessel, its hydrodynamic properties, its propulsion and control systems are discussed. The pipeline tracking and survey systems, as well as the launch and recovery systems are described.

  14. Algorithms and analysis for underwater vehicle plume tracing.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Byrne, Raymond Harry; Savage, Elizabeth L. (Texas A& M University, College Station, TX); Hurtado, John Edward (Texas A& M University, College Station, TX); Eskridge, Steven E.

    2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this research was to develop and demonstrate cooperative 3-D plume tracing algorithms for miniature autonomous underwater vehicles. Applications for this technology include Lost Asset and Survivor Location Systems (L-SALS) and Ship-in-Port Patrol and Protection (SP3). This research was a joint effort that included Nekton Research, LLC, Sandia National Laboratories, and Texas A&M University. Nekton Research developed the miniature autonomous underwater vehicles while Sandia and Texas A&M developed the 3-D plume tracing algorithms. This report describes the plume tracing algorithm and presents test results from successful underwater testing with pseudo-plume sources.

  15. Large-area visually augmented navigation for autonomous underwater vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan M

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes a vision-based, large-area, simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) algorithm that respects the low-overlap imagery constraints typical of autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) while exploiting ...

  16. Reducing Actuator Switchings for Motion Control of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Ryan N.

    Reducing Actuator Switchings for Motion Control of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Monique Chyba, such as time, energy, payload or some combination of these. Indeed, the major issue is that due to the vehicles

  17. A First Extension of Geometric Control Theory to Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Ryan N.

    A First Extension of Geometric Control Theory to Underwater Vehicles Monique Chyba Ryan N. Smith Organization of the Uni- versity of Hawaii at Manoa. play a major role in the dynamics of the vehicle

  18. Toward autonomous underwater mapping in partially structured 3D environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    VanMiddlesworth, Mark (Mark Allen)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by inspection of complex underwater environments, we have developed a system for multi-sensor SLAM utilizing both structured and unstructured environmental features. We present a system for deriving planar ...

  19. Design, Development and Testing of Underwater Vehicles: ITB Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muljowidodo, Said D; Budiyono, Agus; Nugroho, Sapto A

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The last decade has witnessed increasing worldwide interest in the research of underwater robotics with particular focus on the area of autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs). The underwater robotics technology has enabled human to access the depth of the ocean to conduct environmental surveys, resources mapping as well as scientific and military missions. This capability is especially valuable for countries with major water or oceanic resources. As an archipelagic nation with more than 13,000 islands, Indonesia has one of the most abundant living and non-organic oceanic resources. The needs for the mapping, exploration, and environmental preservation of the vast marine resources are therefore imperative. The challenge of the deep water exploration has been the complex issues associated with hazardous and unstructured undersea and sea-bed environments. The paper reports the design, development and testing efforts of underwater vehicle that have been conducted at Institut Teknologi Bandung. Key technology areas...

  20. Development of a snorkel for unmanned underwater vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tia, Peter (Peter M.)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of unmanned underwater vehicles (UUV) has provided a bevy of opportunities for the exploration of the ocean. However, one limitation has kept UUVs from truly becoming mass produced, its limited range. The ...

  1. Autonomous underwater vehicle navigation and mapping in dynamic, unstructured environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunz, Clayton Gregory

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents a system for automatically building 3-D optical and bathymetric maps of underwater terrain using autonomous robots. The maps that are built improve the state of the art in resolution by an order of ...

  2. Autonomous & adaptive oceanographic feature tracking on board autonomous underwater vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petillo, Stephanie Marie

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The capabilities of autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) and their ability to perform tasks both autonomously and adaptively are rapidly improving, and the desire to quickly and efficiently sample the ocean environment ...

  3. Design of an underwater vertical glider for subsea equipment delivery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ambler, Charles Kirby

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Delivery of subsea equipment and sensors is generally accomplished with unguided sinking platforms or powered autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs). An alternative would be to augment existing platforms with navigation and ...

  4. A scalable electro-magnetic communication system for underwater swarms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmer, Uwe

    A scalable electro-magnetic communication system for underwater swarms Felix Schill 1 Uwe R. Zimmer for communication is small compared to propulsion requirements. Communication of state information can there- fore

  5. Computational strategies for understanding underwater optical image datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaeli, Jeffrey W

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A fundamental problem in autonomous underwater robotics is the high latency between the capture of image data and the time at which operators are able to gain a visual understanding of the survey environment. Typical ...

  6. Exploring Architectural Challenges in Scalable Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Zhijie Jerry

    1 Exploring Architectural Challenges in Scalable Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks Z. Jerry Shi and Yunsi Fei Department of Computer Science and Engineering Department of Electrical and Computer sensor networks (UWSNs): Aquatic applications Design challenges in UWSNs ­ Communications ­ Networking

  7. Imaging sonar-aided navigation for autonomous underwater harbor surveillance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johannsson, Hordur

    In this paper we address the problem of drift-free navigation for underwater vehicles performing harbor surveillance and ship hull inspection. Maintaining accurate localization for the duration of a mission is important ...

  8. Large scale structure from motion for autonomous underwater vehicle surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pizarro, Oscar

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Our ability to image extended underwater scenes is severely limited by attenuation and backscatter. Generating a composite view from multiple overlapping images is usually the most practical and flexible way around this ...

  9. Decision algorithms for Unmanned Underwater Vehicles during offensive operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Tyler B. (Tyler Bradford)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The field of research involving autonomous vehicles has expanded greatly over the past decade. This thesis addresses the case of a system of Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUVs) operating in littoral areas in an offensive ...

  10. Sport divers and underwater parks: a market segmentation analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matheusik, Mick Eric

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SPORT DIVERS AND UNDERWATER PARKS: A MARKET SEGMENTATION ANALYSIS A Thesis by MICK ERIC MATHEUSIK Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May... 1983 Major Subject: Recreation and Resources Development SPORT DIVERS AND UNDERWATER PARKS: A MARKET SEGMENTATION ANALYSIS A Thesis by MICK ERIC MATHEUSIK Approved as to style and content by: Allan S. Mills (Chairman of Committee) Clare . unn...

  11. Decentralized sensor placement and mobile localization on an underwater sensor network with depth adjustment capabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Detweiler, Carrick (Carrick James)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over 70% of our planet is covered by water. It is widely believed that the underwater world holds ideas and resources that will fuel much of the next generation of science and business. Unfortunately, underwater operations ...

  12. Underwater Sensor Network Deployment for Water Quality Nadjib ACHIR and Khaled BOUSSETTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shengli

    of this evolution, underwater sensors could now be organized as an autonomous communicating network. Under and tsunami monitoring) etc. Moreover, the particularity of the underwater context (e.g. the long delay

  13. Open loop performance of a biomimetic flapping foil autonomous underwater vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Malima Isabelle, 1981-

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Flapping foil propulsion is emerging as an alternative to conventional propulsion for underwater vehicles. MIT's Biomimetic Flapping Foil Autonomous Underwater Vehicle is a prototype vehicle that uses four three-dimensional ...

  14. Processing of Activated Core Components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friske, A.; Gestermann, G.; Finkbeiner, R.

    2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Used activated components from the core of a NPP like control elements, water channels from a BWR, and others like in-core measurement devices need to be processed into waste forms suitable for interim storage, and for the final waste repository. Processing of the activated materials can be undertaken by underwater cutting and packaging or by cutting and high-pressure compaction in a hot cell. A hot cell is available in Germany as a joint investment between GNS and the Karlsruhe Research Center at the latter's site. Special transport equipment is available to transport the components ''as-is'' to the hot cell. Newly designed underwater processing equipment has been designed, constructed, and operated for the special application of NPP decommissioning. This equipment integrates an underwater cutting device with an 80 ton force underwater in-drum compactor.

  15. Navigation and Control of the Nereus Hybrid Underwater Vehicle for Global Ocean Science to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitcomb, Louis L.

    Navigation and Control of the Nereus Hybrid Underwater Vehicle for Global Ocean Science to 11,000m an overview of the navigation and control system design for the new Nereus hybrid underwater vehicle Nereus hybrid underwater vehicle and summarizes the vehicle's navigation and control performance during

  16. 1756 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 57, NO. 3, MAY 2008 Silent Positioning in Underwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Xiuzhen "Susan"

    of sensors and vehicles (the unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV), the autonomous under- water vehicle (AUV and provides location privacy at underwater vehicles/sensors whose locations need to be determined. To study fading channels. The obtained results indicate that UPS is an effective scheme for underwater vehicle

  17. Architecture and Applications of Language-Centered Intelligence for Unmanned Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Idaho, University of

    Architecture and Applications of Language-Centered Intelligence for Unmanned Underwater Vehicles and hypothetical reasoning, and expand the behavioral repertoire of unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs). We begin and tested for teams of unmanned underwater vehicles capable of performing different cooperative missions

  18. Diver-based control of a tethered unmanned underwater vehicle Andrew Speers and Michael Jenkin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jenkin, Michael R. M.

    Diver-based control of a tethered unmanned underwater vehicle Andrew Speers and Michael Jenkin: underwater robotics, human-robot communication Abstract: Human-robot communication with an underwater vehicle loss of the vehicle. Given this, the development of effective communication strate- gies for unmanned

  19. Using Advanced Scientific Diving Technologies to Assess the Underwater Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Southard, John A.; Williams, Greg D.; Sargeant, Susan L.; Diefenderfer, Heida L.; Blanton, Michael L.

    2003-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Scientific diving can provide unique information for addressing complex environmental issues in the marine environment and is applied to a variety of increasingly important issues throughout Puget Sound, including habitat degradation, endangered species, biological availability of contaminants, and the effects of overwater structures and shoreline protection features. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Battelle Marine Sciences Laboratory uses trained scientific divers in conjunction with advanced technologies to collect in-situ information best obtained through direct observation and requiring minimal environmental disturbance. For example, advances in underwater communications allow divers to discuss observations and data collection techniques in real time, both with each other and with personnel on the surface. Other examples include the use of Dual frequency IDentification SONar (DIDSON), an underwater camera used to capture digital images of benthic structures, fish, and organisms during low light and high turbidity levels; the use of voice-narrated underwater video; and the development of sediment collection methods yielding one-meter cores. The combination of using trained scientific SCUBA divers and advanced underwater technologies is a key element in addressing multifaceted environmental problems, resulting in a more comprehensive understanding of the underwater environment and more reliable data with which to make resource management decisions.

  20. Cavitation controlled acoustic probe for fabric spot cleaning and moisture monitoring

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sheen, Shuh-Haw (Naperville, IL); Chien, Hual-Te (Naperville, IL); Raptis, Apostolos C. (Downers Grove, IL)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus are provided for monitoring a fabric. An acoustic probe generates acoustic waves relative to the fabric. An acoustic sensor, such as an accelerometer is coupled to the acoustic probe for generating a signal representative of cavitation activity in the fabric. The generated cavitation activity representative signal is processed to indicate moisture content of the fabric. A feature of the invention is a feedback control signal is generated responsive to the generated cavitation activity representative signal. The feedback control signal can be used to control the energy level of the generated acoustic waves and to control the application of a cleaning solution to the fabric.

  1. Multi Stage Underwater Sensor Localization using Mobile Beacons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paparella, Francesco

    to perform, including: oceanographic data collection, ecological applications (e.g. pollution, water quality but they have to be revised due to acoustic channel properties. The acoustic channel has low bandwidth, high

  2. STOCHASTIC SEISMIC EMISSION FROM ACOUSTIC GLORIES AND THE QUIET SUN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braun, Douglas C.

    STOCHASTIC SEISMIC EMISSION FROM ACOUSTIC GLORIES AND THE QUIET SUN A.-C. DONEA1, C. LINDSEY2 and D; accepted 8 January 2000) Abstract. Helioseismic images of multipolar active regions show enhanced seismic'. The acoustic glories contain elements that sustain an average seismic emission 50% greater than similar

  3. Acoustic Source Localization via Time Difference of Arrival Estimation for Distributed Sensor Networks Using Tera-Scale Optical Core Devices

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Imam, Neena; Barhen, Jacob

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For real-time acoustic source localization applications, one of the primary challenges is the considerable growth in computational complexity associated with the emergence of ever larger, active or passive, distributed sensor networks. These sensors rely heavily on battery-operated system components to achieve highly functional automation in signal and information processing. In order to keep communication requirements minimal, it is desirable to perform as much processing on the receiver platforms as possible. However, the complexity of the calculations needed to achieve accurate source localization increases dramatically with the size of sensor arrays, resulting in substantial growth of computational requirements that cannot bemore »readily met with standard hardware. One option to meet this challenge builds upon the emergence of digital optical-core devices. The objective of this work was to explore the implementation of key building block algorithms used in underwater source localization on the optical-core digital processing platform recently introduced by Lenslet Inc. This demonstration of considerably faster signal processing capability should be of substantial significance to the design and innovation of future generations of distributed sensor networks.« less

  4. Design Considerations for Deploying Underwater Sensor Networks Raja Jurdak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopes, Cristina Videira

    integration have yielded smaller and more powerful processors that are capable of efficiently running acoustic for specialized com- munication hardware and reduces system cost, facili- tating the dense deployment of motes to form under- water acoustic sensor networks. The use of low power generic acoustic hardware and software

  5. Doctoral Program on Electrical Engineering and Communications Signals and systems in Underwater Acoustics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jesus, Sérgio M.

    in the ocean at high Ambient noise power due to: frequency with T = 25 C and sismic noise, thermic agitation

  6. Spectrally efficient underwater acoustic communications : channel characterization and design aspects for OFDM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radoševi?, Andreja

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    input single-output (MISO) and the MIMO setting with a rank-assess the ergodic capacity of MISO and MIMO UWA channels byfor two cases: an N t × 1 MISO system and a 2 × 2 MIMO

  7. Alamouti Space Time Coded OFDM for Underwater Acoustic Channels Baosheng Li1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stojanovic, Milica

    the time-variation of the channel. Adaptive channel estimation for space-time block coded (STBC) OFDM], [11]. Reference [9] discusses a jointly optimized MIMO-DFE with space- time trellis codes. In [10 stay fixed over the duration of one OFDM block, but may change from one block to another. Channel

  8. Design of a low-cost underwater acoustic modem for short- range sensor networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benson, Bridget

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In deep water, the power loss caused by spreading isIn this case, sound power loss increases linearly with thecylindrical spreading, with power loss proportional to d ?

  9. Wave localization as a manifestation of ray chaos in underwater acoustics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Iomin; Yu. Bliokh

    2007-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Wave chaos is demonstrated by studying a wave propagation in a periodically corrugated wave-guide. In the limit of a short wave approximation (SWA) the underlying description is related to the chaotic ray dynamics. In this case the control parameter of the problem is characterized by the corrugation amplitude and the SWA parameter. The considered model is fairly suitable and tractable for the analytical analysis of a wave localization length. The number of eigenmodes characterized the width of the localized wave packet is estimated analytically.

  10. Underwater noise of small personal watercraft Christine Erbea)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Technology, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia 6845, Australia C, Queensland, Australia. Underwater noise emissions consisted of broadband energy between 100 Hz and 10 kHz due Bramble Bay, Queensland, Australia, about 300m from shore, in 2.5m of water, in December 2008. They were

  11. Adaptive Power Controlled Routing for Underwater Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shengli

    Adaptive Power Controlled Routing for Underwater Sensor Networks Manal Al-Bzoor, Yibo Zhu, Jun Liu of an in- terest packet sent by sink nodes. We use adaptive power control to send at high power level the sink nodes using shortest end to end paths. By using adaptive power control over concentric layered

  12. BOUSSINESQ MODELING OF SURFACE WAVES DUE TO UNDERWATER LANDSLIDES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    topography, and the equations of motion for the landslide and surface waves are solved simultaneously. Introduction Surface waves originating from sudden perturbations of the bottom topography are often termedBOUSSINESQ MODELING OF SURFACE WAVES DUE TO UNDERWATER LANDSLIDES DENYS DUTYKH AND HENRIK KALISCH

  13. BOUSSINESQ MODELING OF SURFACE WAVES DUE TO UNDERWATER LANDSLIDES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of a shallow body of fluid. The equations of motion which govern the evolution of the barycenter; submarine landslides; wave run-up; tsunami. Corresponding author. 1 hal-00654386,version1-21Dec2011 #12;2 D topography are often termed tsunamis. Two distinct generation mechanisms of a tsunami are underwater

  14. Optimal Node Placement in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihada, Basem

    . Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) have been used in recent years to monitor and collect data from that cover a sparse area need to be optimally placed to reduce per node energy consumption. As the distance between the nodes increases, more energy is required to maintain a reasonable Signal-to-Noise (SNR) value

  15. DESIGNING AND IMPLEMENTING COLLABORATIVE BEHAVIORS FOR AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Idaho, University of

    DESIGNING AND IMPLEMENTING COLLABORATIVE BEHAVIORS FOR AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES Thomas Bean tracts of open water. The Navy is seeking AUV technologies to expand search areas and reduce search times (WHOI) modem, and they have been designed to function effectively in open water. Various behaviors

  16. Toward Under-Ice Operations with Hybrid Underwater Robotic Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitcomb, Louis L.

    techniques commonly employed for blue-water oceanography are unsuit- able for operations in ice covered seas, present day blue-water oceanographic methods for survey and sampling are extensive--they include ship for blue-water (i.e. not Arctic) operations: WHOI's Nereus HROV [8], [9], [42], SAAB Underwater Systems

  17. Energy Efficient Signaling Strategies for Tracking Mobile Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kastner, Ryan

    for underwater vehicles. The beacons may be buoys or vehicles on the surface with access to GPS or they may for tracking vehicles is a recurring cost, we propose to minimize the energy consumption by optimizing method to find the best schedule for beacon transmissions for a fixed signaling rate (or average power

  18. Integrated Short Term Navigation of a Towed Underwater Body \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeGland, François

    is con­ sidered. An underwater body, to be called here­ after the fish, is towed by a surface ship centimeters, the trajectory of the fish relative to its otherwise unknown initial position, during a few­ cated on board of the fish, can be integrated. INS measurements are known to track accurately the high

  19. Integrated Short Term Navigation of a Towed Underwater Body*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeGland, François

    . An underwater body, to be called here- after the fish, is towed by a surface ship at the end of a few hundred of the fish relative to its otherwise unknown initial position, during a few minutes experiment, so, acceleration measurements pro- vided by an INS (inertial navigation system) lo- cated on board of the fish, can

  20. POSITION ESTIMATION OF A TOWED UNDERWATER BODY \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeGland, François

    The following ocean engineering problem is considered. An underwater body, to be called hereafter the fish as a synthetic array, it is needed to know with an ac­ curacy of 10 cm, the trajectory of the fish relative of the fish, can be integrated. INS measurements are known to accurately de­ tect high frequency components

  1. An Underwater Robotic Network for Monitoring Nuclear Waste Storage Pools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeavons, Peter

    , it is still necessary to store this waste in cool- ing ponds for 20 to 60 years to remove the heatAn Underwater Robotic Network for Monitoring Nuclear Waste Storage Pools Sarfraz Nawaz1 , Muzammil spread with grow- ing world population. However, the radioactive waste generated in these power plants

  2. MEDIUM ACCESS CONTROL LAYER FOR UNDERWATER SENSOR NETWORKS*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Min

    sensor networks, energy-efficient reliable MAC protocol, and slotted FAMA MAC protocol and low1 CHAPTER 1 MEDIUM ACCESS CONTROL LAYER FOR UNDERWATER SENSOR NETWORKS* Yanping Zhang* , Yang Xiao of Alabama Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0290 USA E-mail: yangxiao@ieee.org + Dept. of Electrical and Computer

  3. Underwater wireless communications have witnessed major developments in recent years, especially in the last decade. While the first generation of applications involved just a single transmitter and receiver communicating at low bit-rates, nowadays un-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stojanovic, Milica

    with controllable speed, and Underwater Autonomous Vehicles (AUVs), following either pre-established paths or moving: · Energy consumption for every single node while actively transmitting, actively receiving, sleeping or being idle, energy consumption for every single packet, total energy consumption of the network. · End

  4. Mapping of Submerged Aquatic Vegetation Using Autonomous Underwater Vehicles in Nearshore Regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, Mark E.; Miller, Lee M.; Woodruff, Dana L.; Ewert, Daniel W.

    2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) equipped with sidescan sonar was investigated for determining the boundaries of nearshore submerged aquatic vegetation beds, specifically eelgrass (Zostera marina). Shifts in eelgrass bed morphology, size, and distribution are used as indicators in monitoring programs to measure the impacts of coastal development and environmental stressors on eelgrass and to establish the efficacy of restoration programs. However, many monitoring programs necessarily extend over multiple-year time periods. Therefore, techniques that are easily reproducible, accurate, and cost-effective can demonstrate distinct advantages over some of the more traditional and labor-intensive methods, such as diver assessments and transects of shoot counts. Remote monitoring of eelgrass beds using satellite and aerial imagery has been demonstrated with moderate success, but requires groundtruthing, which can be costly and which frequently cannot delineate the deeper boundaries of eelgrass beds. One possible means for low-cost mapping is the use of AUVs equipped with acoustic imaging hardware. AUVs provide an ideal platform, because they can be deployed by small teams (two people), they are highly maneuverable, they can cover large areas over a relatively short time period (3knot operational speed), and they are equipped with multiple oceanographic instruments for correlated data collection. This paper describes the use of sidescan-equipped AUV technology deployed over multiple time periods at the same location where imagery of eelgrass beds was obtained and analyzed for comparative purposes.

  5. Acoustical heat pumping engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wheatley, John C. (Los Alamos, NM); Swift, Gregory W. (Los Alamos, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)

    1983-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure is directed to an acoustical heat pumping engine without moving seals. A tubular housing holds a compressible fluid capable of supporting an acoustical standing wave. An acoustical driver is disposed at one end of the housing and the other end is capped. A second thermodynamic medium is disposed in the housing near to but spaced from the capped end. Heat is pumped along the second thermodynamic medium toward the capped end as a consequence both of the pressure oscillation due to the driver and imperfect thermal contact between the fluid and the second thermodynamic medium.

  6. Acoustical heat pumping engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wheatley, J.C.; Swift, G.W.; Migliori, A.

    1983-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure is directed to an acoustical heat pumping engine without moving seals. A tubular housing holds a compressible fluid capable of supporting an acoustical standing wave. An acoustical driver is disposed at one end of the housing and the other end is capped. A second thermodynamic medium is disposed in the housing near to but spaced from the capped end. Heat is pumped along the second thermodynamic medium toward the capped end as a consequence both of the pressure oscillation due to the driver and imperfect thermal contact between the fluid and the second thermodynamic medium. 2 figs.

  7. Acoustic well cleaner

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Maki, Jr., Voldi E. (11904 Bell Ave., Austin, TX 78759-2415); Sharma, Mukul M. (Dept. of Petroleum Engr. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX 78712)

    1997-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus are disclosed for cleaning the wellbore and the near wellbore region. A sonde is provided which is adapted to be lowered into a borehole and which includes a plurality of acoustic transducers arranged around the sonde. Electrical power provided by a cable is converted to acoustic energy. The high intensity acoustic energy directed to the borehole wall and into the near wellbore region, redissolves or resuspends the material which is reducing the permeability of the formation and/or restricting flow in the wellbore.

  8. Active control of underwater propulsor using shape memory alloys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wasylyszyn, Jonathan Allen

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    ............................................................................................................1 Previous Work ..............................................................................................................1 Smart Material Actuators..............................................................................................3..., which can hinder a military vessel?s ability to move through the water with stealth. The second design is the controllable pitch propeller. The blades of the propeller are able to rotate at the hub interface to change their pitch1. Controllable...

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - acceleration employing underwater Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences 5 Proceedings of the 2001 IEEE International Conference on Robotics & Automation Summary: -26, 2001 Control of Underwater ManipulatorsMounted on nn ROV Using...

  10. Autonomous adaptive environmental assessment and feature tracking via autonomous underwater vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petillo, Stephanie Marie

    In the underwater environment, spatiotemporally dynamic environmental conditions pose challenges to the detection and tracking of hydrographic features. A useful tool in combating these challenge is Autonomous Adaptive ...

  11. Spacetime transformation acoustics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. García-Meca; S. Carloni; C. Barceló; G. Jannes; J. Sánchez-Dehesa; A. Martínez

    2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A recently proposed analogue transformation method has allowed the extension of transformation acoustics to general spacetime transformations. We analyze here in detail the differences between this new analogue transformation acoustics (ATA) method and the standard one (STA). We show explicitly that STA is not suitable for transformations that mix space and time. ATA takes as starting point the acoustic equation for the velocity potential, instead of that for the pressure as in STA. This velocity-potential equation by itself already allows for some transformations mixing space and time, but not all of them. We explicitly obtain the entire set of transformations that do not leave its form invariant. It is in these cases that ATA shows its true potential, allowing for building a transformation acoustics method that enables the full range of spacetime transformations. We provide an example of an important transformation which cannot be achieved with STA. Using this transformation, we design and simulate an acoustic frequency converter via the ATA approach. Furthermore, in those cases in which one can apply both the STA and ATA approaches, we study the different transformational properties of the corresponding physical quantities.

  12. Suave: Swarm Underwater Autonomous Vehicle Localization Jun Liu, Zhaohui Wang, Zheng Peng, Jun-Hong Cui and Lance Fiondella

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shengli

    Suave: Swarm Underwater Autonomous Vehicle Localization Jun Liu, Zhaohui Wang, Zheng Peng, Jun. This paper de- velops the "Suave" (Swarm underwater autonomous vehicle localization) algorithm to localize significantly improves localization accuracy, lowers energy consumption, and the probability of swarm detection

  13. The Nereus Hybrid Underwater Robotic Vehicle for Global Ocean Science Operations to 11,000m Depth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitcomb, Louis L.

    The Nereus Hybrid Underwater Robotic Vehicle for Global Ocean Science Operations to 11,000m Depth-- This paper reports an overview of the new Nereus hybrid underwater vehicle and summarizes the vehicle's per hybrid underwater vehicle and summarizes its performance during its first sea trials. Nereus is a novel

  14. Simulating Human Reasoning in Mine-Like Object Inspection Assignments for a Formation of Unmanned Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Idaho, University of

    of a fleet of unmanned underwater vehicles. Learning from the complexities involved in information processing in real life scenarios, decision making processes by a fleet of unmanned underwater vehicles can planner for a decentralized fleet of unmanned underwater vehicles was implemented, followed by a look

  15. OCEAN SCIENCE APPLICATIONS FOR AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES -THE WORKPLAN FOR AUTOSUB-1 for 1997-2000 AND BEYOND.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffiths, Gwyn

    , Southampton, SO14 3ZH UK Presented at the Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Showcase, September 1997 SouthamptonOCEAN SCIENCE APPLICATIONS FOR AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES - THE WORKPLAN FOR AUTOSUB-1 for 1997.griffiths@soc.soton.ac.uk www: http://www.soc.soton.ac.uk/OTD #12;OCEAN SCIENCE APPLICATIONS FOR AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES

  16. Princeton -Weekly Bulletin 06/14/04 -Grants fund research on underwater vehicles, high-tech materials June 14, 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aksay, Ilhan A.

    Princeton - Weekly Bulletin 06/14/04 - Grants fund research on underwater vehicles, high research on underwater vehicles, high- tech materials By Steven Schultz Princeton NJ -- University mobile unmanned networks of underwater sensors and to develop new high-tech materials. The Department

  17. Underwater Unmanned Vehicle Boeing gave us the opportunity to compete against the Electrical Engineering Dept. The competition was

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    Underwater Unmanned Vehicle Overview Boeing gave us the opportunity to compete against Underwater Unmanned Vehicles. Basically we had to build remote controlled submarines from the ground up. Objectives To design a Underwater Unmanned Vehicle that meets the following Specs: Has an internal Ballast

  18. 1202 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 46, NO. 5, MAY 1998 Classification of Underwater Mammals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Intrator, Nathan

    1202 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 46, NO. 5, MAY 1998 Classification of Underwater Cooper, Nathan Intrator, and Harel Shouval Abstract--Underwater mammal sound classification is demon and different wavelet representations are stud- ied. The system achieves outstanding classification performance

  19. QUO VADIS: QoS-aware Underwater Optimization Framework for Inter-vehicle Communication using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pompili, Dario

    Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) can conserve energy by waiting for the `best' network topology configuration, e communication energy consumption by adjusting the transducer directivity on-the-fly. I. INTRODUCTION Under explorations, Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs), equipped with un- derwater sensors, are used

  20. Efficient control of an autonomous underwater vehicle while accounting for thruster failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Ryan N.

    Efficient control of an autonomous underwater vehicle while accounting for thruster failure Thomas to both time and energy consumption. The main characteristic of our algorithm is that it produces the autonomous underwater vehicle is submerged. Such failures may or may not affect the controllability

  1. TOWARDS SONAR BASED PERCEPTION AND MODELLING FOR UNMANNED UNTETHERED UNDERWATER VEHICLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garner, Philip N.

    TOWARDS SONAR BASED PERCEPTION AND MODELLING FOR UNMANNED UNTETHERED UNDERWATER VEHICLES B. Steer will be of critical importance in the development of flexible, adaptive and useful unmanned underwater vehicles will be of critical importance in the de- velopment of flexible, adaptive and useful unmanned un- derwater vehicles

  2. Oce@Nyd: A new Tailorable Groupware for Digital Media collection for Underwater Virtual Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Oce@Nyd: A new Tailorable Groupware for Digital Media collection for Underwater Virtual architecture devoted to the collection of Digital media for underwater virtual environ- ments. The proposed- ferent digital media (image, video, audio, 3D models, etc.), and on the other hand, certain services can

  3. Underwater Sensor Networking: Research Challenges and Potential Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidemann, John

    synchronization, and localization protocols for high- latency acoustic networks, long-duration network sleeping SCADA systems, but in- creasingly with more rapidly deployed sensor networks [39]. Advances in reducing

  4. Multiple structure of a laser-induced underwater shock wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tagawa, Yoshiyuki; Hayasaka, Keisuke; Kameda, Masaharu

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The structure of a laser-induced underwater shock wave is examined. Plasma formation, shock-wave expansion, and temporal evolution of shock pressure are observed simultaneously using a combined measurement system that obtains high-resolution nanosecond-order image sequences. In contrast to a well-known spherical-shock model, these detailed measurements reveal a non-spherically-symmteric distribution of pressure peak for a wide range of experimental parameters. The structure is determined to be a collection of multiple spherical shocks originated from elongated plasmas.

  5. Corrosion Resistant Cladding by YAG Laser Welding in Underwater Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsutomi Kochi; Toshio Kojima; Suemi Hirata; Ichiro Morita; Katsura Ohwaki [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Company Ltd., 1 Shin-Nakaharacho, Isogoku, Yokohama 235-8501 (Japan)

    2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is known that stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) will occur in nickel-base alloys used in Reactor Pressure Vessel (RPV) and Internals of nuclear power plants. A SCC sensitivity has been evaluated by IHI in each part of RPV and Internals. There are several water level instrumentation nozzles installed in domestic BWR RPV. In water level instrumentation nozzles, 182 type nickel-base alloys were used for the welding joint to RPV. It is estimated the SCC potential is high in this joint because of a higher residual stress than the yield strength (about 400 MPa). This report will describe a preventive maintenance method to these nozzles Heat Affected Zone (HAZ) and welds by a corrosion resistant cladding (CRC) by YAG Laser in underwater environment (without draining a reactor water). There are many kinds of countermeasures for SCC, for example, Induction Heating Stress Improvement (IHSI), Mechanical Stress Improvement Process (MSIP) and so on. A YAG laser CRC is one of them. In this technology a laser beam is used for heat source and irradiated through an optical fiber to a base metal and SCC resistant material is used for welding wires. After cladding the HAZ and welds are coated by the corrosion resistant materials so their surfaces are improved. A CRC by gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) in an air environment had been developed and already applied to a couple of operating plants (16 Nozzles). This method was of course good but it spent much time to perform because of an installation of some water-proof working boxes to make a TIG-weldability environment. CRC by YAG laser welding in underwater environment has superior features comparing to this conventional TIG method as follows. At the viewpoint of underwater environment, (1) an outage term reduction (no drainage water). (2) a radioactive exposure dose reduction for personnel. At that of YAG laser welding, (1) A narrower HAZ. (2) A smaller distortion. (3) A few cladding layers. A YAG laser CRC test in underwater environment was carried out in the different welding position, horizontal, vertical upward and downward. The soundness of cladding layers (about 3 mm) is confirmed in visual and penetration test, and cross section observation. In the application to the actual plants, it is preferable to reduce the start and end point numbers of beads with which a defect is easy to cause. Therefore a special welding equipment for a YAG laser CRC that could weld continuously was developed. (authors)

  6. Near-Real-Time Acoustic Monitoring of Beaked Whales and Other Cetaceans Using a SeagliderTM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baird, Robin W.

    temporal and spatial resolution in near-real time. Here we describe an autonomous underwater vehicle for new, cost- effective tools that allow scientists to monitor areas of interest autonomously with high anthropogenic activities such as seismic exploration for sub-sea fossil fuels or naval sonar exercises

  7. Acoustic paramagnetic logging tool

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vail, III, William B. (Bothell, WA)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New methods and apparatus are disclosed which allow measurement of the presence of oil and water in geological formations using a new physical effect called the Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Effect (APLE). The presence of petroleum in formation causes a slight increase in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the reservoir. This is the phenomena of paramagnetism. Application of an acoustic source to a geological formation at the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present causes the paramagnetism of the formation to disappear. This results in a decrease in the earth3 s magnetic field in the vicinity of the oil bearing formation. Repetitively frequency sweeping the acoustic source through the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present (approx. 2 kHz) causes an amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field which is a consequence of the APLE. The amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field is measured with an induction coil gradiometer and provides a direct measure of the amount of oil and water in the excitation zone of the formation . The phase of the signal is used to infer the longitudinal relaxation times of the fluids present, which results in the ability in general to separate oil and water and to measure the viscosity of the oil present. Such measurements may be preformed in open boreholes and in cased well bores.

  8. A versatile scanning acoustic platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N G Parker; P V Nelson; M J W Povey

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a versatile and highly configurable scanning acoustic platform. This platform, comprising of a high frequency transducer, bespoke positioning system and temperature-regulated sample unit, enables the acoustic probing of materials over a wide range of length scales and with minimal thermal aberration. In its bare form the platform acts as a reflection-mode acoustic microscope, while optical capabilities are readily incorporated to extend its abilities to the acousto-optic domain. Here we illustrate the capabilities of the platform through its incarnation as an acoustic microscope. Operating at 55 MHz we demonstrate acoustic imaging with a lateral resolution of 25 microns. We outline its construction, calibration and capabilities as an acoustic microscope, and discuss its wider applications.

  9. Underwater nuclear power plants: improved safety, environmental compatibility and efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Galustov, K.Z.; Abadjyan, K.A.; Pavlov, A.B.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The further development of nuclear power engineering depends on the creation of a new generation of nuclear power plant (NPP) projects that have a high degree of safety. Decisions ensuring secure NPP exploitation must be based on the possibility of eliminating or localizing accidents. Using environmental properties to achieve secure NPP exploitation and accident elimination leads to suggest the construction of NPPs in water. An efficient way to provide energy to remote coastal areas is through use of floatable construction of prefabricated units. Floatable construction raises the quality of works, reduces expenditures on industrial facilities, and facilities building conditions in districts with extreme climatic conditions. A type of NPP that is situated on a shelf with the reactor compartment placed at the sea bottom is proposed. The underwater location of the reactor compartment on the fixed depth allows the natural water environment conditions of natural hydrostatic pressure, heat transfer and circulation to provide NPP safety. An example of new concept for power units with under-water localization of the reactor compartment is provided by the double-block NPP in a VVER reactor.

  10. Truck acoustic data analyzer system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Haynes, Howard D.; Akerman, Alfred; Ayers, Curtis W.

    2006-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A passive vehicle acoustic data analyzer system having at least one microphone disposed in the acoustic field of a moving vehicle and a computer in electronic communication the microphone(s). The computer detects and measures the frequency shift in the acoustic signature emitted by the vehicle as it approaches and passes the microphone(s). The acoustic signature of a truck driving by a microphone can provide enough information to estimate the truck speed in miles-per-hour (mph), engine speed in rotations-per-minute (RPM), turbocharger speed in RPM, and vehicle weight.

  11. Acoustic Character Of Hydraulic Fractures In Granite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paillet, Frederick I.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydraulic fractures in homogeneous granitic rocks were logged with conventional acoustic-transit-time, acoustic-waveform, and acoustic-televiewer logging systems. Fractured intervals ranged in depth from 45 to 570m. and ...

  12. Three-Dimensional Nonlinear Acoustical Holography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niu, Yaying

    2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Nearfield Acoustical Holography (NAH) is an acoustic field visualization technique that can be used to reconstruct three-dimensional (3-D) acoustic fields by projecting two-dimensional (2-D) data measured on a hologram surface. However, linear NAH...

  13. Acoustic cavitation and its chemical consequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suslick, Kenneth S.

    Acoustic cavitation and its chemical consequences By Kenneth S. Suslick, Yuri Didenko, Ming M. Fang Acoustic cavitation is responsible for both sonochemistry and sonoluminescence. Bubble collapse in liquids, sonochemistry and sonoluminescence derive principally from acoustic cavitation: the formation, growth

  14. acoustics: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by the Leningrad unknown authors 4 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  15. CPP-603 Underwater Fuel Storage Facility Site Integrated Stabilization Management Plan (SISMP), Volume I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denney, R.D.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The CPP-603 Underwater Fuel Storage Facility (UFSF) Site Integrated Stabilization Management Plan (SISMP) has been constructed to describe the activities required for the relocation of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) from the CPP-603 facility. These activities are the only Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) actions identified in the Implementation Plan developed to meet the requirements of the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) Recommendation 94-1 to the Secretary of Energy regarding an improved schedule for remediation in the Defense Nuclear Facilities Complex. As described in the DNFSB Recommendation 94-1 Implementation Plan, issued February 28, 1995, an INEL Spent Nuclear Fuel Management Plan is currently under development to direct the placement of SNF currently in existing INEL facilities into interim storage, and to address the coordination of intrasite SNF movements with new receipts and intersite transfers that were identified in the DOE SNF Programmatic and INEL Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Environmental Impact Statement Record, of Decision. This SISMP will be a subset of the INEL Spent Nuclear Fuel Management Plan and the activities described are being coordinated with other INEL SNF management activities. The CPP-603 relocation activities have been assigned a high priority so that established milestones will be meet, but there will be some cases where other activities will take precedence in utilization of available resources. The Draft INEL Site Integrated Stabilization Management Plan (SISMP), INEL-94/0279, Draft Rev. 2, dated March 10, 1995, is being superseded by the INEL Spent Nuclear Fuel Management Plan and this CPP-603 specific SISMP.

  16. The electron geodesic acoustic mode

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chakrabarti, N. [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Calcutta 700 064 (India); Guzdar, P. N. [Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Kaw, P. K. [Institute for Plasma Research Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

    2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this report, a novel new mode, named the electron geodesic acoustic mode, is presented. This mode can occur in toroidal plasmas like the conventional geodesic acoustic mode (GAM). The frequency of this new mode is much larger than that of the conventional GAM by a factor equal to the square root of the ion to electron mass ratio.

  17. Acoustic metafluids Andrew N. Norrisa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norris, Andrew

    of material that surrounds the object to be rendered acoustically "invisible." Stealth can also be achieved of material necessary to achieve stealth. We define these materials as acoustic metafluids, which as we are materials with anisotropic inertia and the elastic properties of what are known as pentamode materials

  18. A constant-mass fuel delivery system for use in underwater autonomous vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saxton-Fox, Theresa Ann

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes the design and assembly of two constant-mass fuel tanks to be used in autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs). The fuel tanks are part of a power supply designed to increase AUV endurance without limiting ...

  19. Autonomous underwater data muling using wireless optical communication and agile AUV control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doniec, Marek Wojciech

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Underwater exploration and surveillance currently relies on subsea cables and tethers to relay data back to the user. The cause for this is that water heavily absorbs most electromagnetic signals, preventing effective radio ...

  20. Verification of a six-degree of freedom simulation model for the REMUS autonomous underwater vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prestero, Timothy (Timothy Jason), 1970-

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    mproving the performance of modular, low-cost autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) in such applications as long-range oceanographic survey, autonomous docking, and shallow-water mine countermeasures requires improving the ...

  1. Dynamic response and maneuvering strategies of a hybrid autonomous underwater vehicle in hovering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooney, Lauren Alise

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Odyssey IV autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) is the next generation of unmanned subsurface robots from the MIT Sea Grant AUV Laboratory. The Odyssey IV AUV has a novel propulsion system, which includes a pair of ...

  2. Rex 2 : design, construction, and operation of an unmanned underwater vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owens, Dylan

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The practical usage of unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs) is limited by vehicle and operation cost, difficulty in accurate navigation, and communication between the vehicle and operator. The "Rex 2" UUV employs a system ...

  3. Aquatecture : underwater dwellings and sea born structures as paradigms of design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillermo, Ricardo

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There are many reasons for undertaking a work such as this. Among them are the benefits offered to society when we acknowledge the potential of submersible structures, The provision of habitable underwater space remains ...

  4. 13.49 Maneuvering and Control of Surface and Underwater Vehicles, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Triantafyllou, Michael S.

    Maneuvering motions of surface and underwater vehicles. Derivation of equations of motion, hydrodynamic coefficients. Memory effects. Linear and nonlinear forms of the equations of motion. Control surfaces modeling and ...

  5. Development of a porous piezoresistive material and its applications to underwater pressure sensors and tactile sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woo, Mun Ee

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MEMS (Microelectromechanical System) pressure sensor arrays are gaining attention in the field of underwater navigation because they are seen as alternatives to current sonar and vision-based systems that fail to navigate ...

  6. Conceptual design of a thrust-vectoring tailcone for underwater robotics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nawrot, Michael T

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thrust-vectoring on Autonomous Underwater Vehicles is an appealing directional-control solution because it improves turning radius capabilities. Unfortunately, thrust-vectoring requires the entire propulsion system be ...

  7. Integrated perception, modeling, and control paradigm for bistatic sonar tracking by autonomous underwater vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lum, Raymond Hon Kit

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, a fully autonomous and persistent bistatic anti-submarine warfare (ASW) surveillance solution is developed using the autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs). The passive receivers are carried by these AUVs, ...

  8. Development and validation of a conceptual design program for unmanned underwater vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laun, Alexander Walter, Ensign

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With a renewed focus on the Asia-Pacific region, the United States Navy will increasingly rely on high-endurance unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs) to support successful operations in a challenging threat environment. ...

  9. Mechanical design of a contra-rotating propeller assembly for a small underwater ROV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanov-Wagner, Thaddeus (Thaddeus J.)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A project was undertaken to design and build a contra-rotating propeller assembly for a small underwater remotely operated vehicle (ROV), with the intent of commissioning a production run at a later time. The desired ...

  10. 13.49 Maneuvering and Control of Surface and Underwater Vehicles, Fall 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Triantafyllou, Michael S.

    Maneuvering motions of surface and underwater vehicles. Derivation of equations of motion, hydrodynamic coefficients. Memory effects. Linear and nonlinear forms of the equations of motion. Control surfaces modeling and ...

  11. Greedy Path Planning for Maximizing Value of Information in Underwater Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turgut, Damla

    heritage sites, environmental monitoring (for oil spills or carbon dioxide leaks) and studies of marine to the transmission properties in the underwater environment. Radio waves propagate only for short distances under

  12. The creation of fiberglass tanks and parts for autonomous underwater vehicle constant buoyancy power supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Jean H. (Jean Hope)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this thesis was to construct and seal air and containment tanks and other parts for a constant buoyancy power supply for an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle, or AUV. While multiple materials and techniques were ...

  13. Biomimetic oscillating foil propulsion to enhance underwater vehicle agility and maneuverability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Licht, Stephen Carl

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inspired by the swimming abilities of marine animals, this thesis presents "Finnegan the RoboTurtle", an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) powered entirely by four flapping foils. Biomimetic actuation is shown to produce ...

  14. Design and analysis of an Extended Kalman Filter based navigator for an autonomous underwater vehicle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Just, Bradley Eugene

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF AN EXTENDED KALMAN FILTER BASED NAVIGATOR FOR AN AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE A Thesis by BRADLEY EUGENE JUST Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1994 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF AN EXTENDED KALMAN FILTER BASED NAVIGATOR FOR AN AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE A Thesis by BRADLEY EUGENE JUST Submitted to Texas A...

  15. Design and analysis of an Extended Kalman Filter based navigator for an autonomous underwater vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Just, Bradley Eugene

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF AN EXTENDED KALMAN FILTER BASED NAVIGATOR FOR AN AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE A Thesis by BRADLEY EUGENE JUST Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1994 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF AN EXTENDED KALMAN FILTER BASED NAVIGATOR FOR AN AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE A Thesis by BRADLEY EUGENE JUST Submitted to Texas A...

  16. Oil/gas collector/separator for underwater oil leaks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Henning, Carl D. (Livermore, CA)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An oil/gas collector/separator for recovery of oil leaking, for example, from an offshore or underwater oil well. The separator is floated over the point of the leak and tethered in place so as to receive oil/gas floating, or forced under pressure, toward the water surface from either a broken or leaking oil well casing, line, or sunken ship. The separator is provided with a downwardly extending skirt to contain the oil/gas which floats or is forced upward into a dome wherein the gas is separated from the oil/water, with the gas being flared (burned) at the top of the dome, and the oil is separated from water and pumped to a point of use. Since the density of oil is less than that of water it can be easily separated from any water entering the dome.

  17. AUV technology heads for new depths[Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hayes, D.

    2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High-tech unmanned submarine technologies initially developed by the US Navy are being adapted for a new role to assist the oil and gas industry's shift into deeper waters. To address the problem of costly data acquisition and inaccurate survey data, C and C Technologies of Lafayette, La., has hired Kongsberg Simrad to construct the Hugin 3000 deepwater autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV). As the technology is applied to energy exploration and production advances to meet the deepwater challenges beyond the continental shelf, AUVs will be increasingly employed, it is believed. The paper describes the Hugin project, unexpected situations, the vehicle position tracking system, vehicle operation and real-time data quality control, real-time data monitoring and control, Hugin field experience, and pipe route surveying.

  18. Opto-acoustic thrombolysis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Celliers, Peter (Berkeley, CA); Da Silva, Luiz (Danville, CA); Glinsky, Michael (Livermore, CA); London, Richard (Orinda, CA); Maitland, Duncan (Livermore, CA); Matthews, Dennis (Moss Beach, CA); Fitch, Pat (Livermore, CA)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention is a catheter-based device for generating an ultrasound excitation in biological tissue. Pulsed laser light is guided through an optical fiber to provide the energy for producing the acoustic vibrations. The optical energy is deposited in a water-based absorbing fluid, e.g. saline, thrombolytic agent, blood or thrombus, and generates an acoustic impulse in the fluid through thermoelastic and/or thermodynamic mechanisms. By pulsing the laser at a repetition rate (which may vary from 10 Hz to 100 kHz) an ultrasonic radiation field can be established locally in the medium. This method of producing ultrasonic vibrations can be used in vivo for the treatment of stroke-related conditions in humans, particularly for dissolving thrombus or treating vasospasm. The catheter can also incorporate thrombolytic drug treatments as an adjunct therapy and it can be operated in conjunction with ultrasonic detection equipment for imaging and feedback control and with optical sensors for characterization of thrombus type and consistency.

  19. Underwater ambient noise in the Alaskan Arctic from 20062009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frandsen, Jannette B.

    , a proxy for multiyear ice. Perennial pack ice is diminishing while thin seasonal pack ice is more The Arctic Ocean has experienced diminished ice cover as record lows have been measured for sea ice thickness prevalent. These changes in sea ice affect the acoustic field as well as the sources of sound, both natural

  20. Status of the ANTARES Underwater Neutrino Telescope G. D. Hallewell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    between a sea anchor and a submerged buoy subject to movement by deep ocean currents, the positions an acoustic triangulation system. The line was powered from and read out to the shore through an electro-optical cable with a single power conductor and return electrodes. More than 50,000 downgoing atmospheric muon

  1. Acoustic sensors using microstructures tunable with energy other than acoustic energy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Datskos, Panagiotis G.

    2003-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A sensor for detecting acoustic energy includes a microstructure tuned to a predetermined acoustic frequency and a device for detecting movement of the microstructure. A display device is operatively linked to the movement detecting device. When acoustic energy strikes the acoustic sensor, acoustic energy having a predetermined frequency moves the microstructure, where the movement is detected by the movement detecting device.

  2. Electromagnetic acoustic transducer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Alers, George A. (Albuquerque, NM); Burns, Jr., Leigh R. (Albuquerque, NM); MacLauchlan, Daniel T. (Sandia Park, NM)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A noncontact ultrasonic transducer for studying the acoustic properties of a metal workpiece includes a generally planar magnetizing coil positioned above the surface of the workpiece, and a generally planar eddy current coil between the magnetizing coil and the workpiece. When a large current is passed through the magnetizing coil, a large magnetic field is applied to the near-surface regions of the workpiece. The eddy current coil can then be operated as a transmitter by passing an alternating current therethrough to excite ultrasonic waves in the surface of the workpiece, or operated as a passive receiver to sense ultrasonic waves in the surface by measuring the output signal. The geometries of the two coils can be varied widely to be effective for different types of ultrasonic waves. The coils are preferably packaged in a housing which does not interfere with their operation, but protects them from a variety of adverse environmental conditions.

  3. Chapter I: Ecological Acoustics 1.1 Ecological Perception

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummins, Fred

    23 Chapter I: Ecological Acoustics 1.1 Ecological Perception The ecological approach to perception of view of low-level sensory stimuli. #12;Ecological Perception 24 The ecological approach, however of its ecological activities, can be obtained by direct sensitivity to invariant structures in the world

  4. Parallel and real-time implementation of an acoustic echo canceller using oversampled wavelet frame algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tam, Pak-Yin

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes a novel echo cancellation system that eliminates nonstationary echoes with long acoustic delays in real-time. By combining subband adaptive filtering and active system identification based on fast wavelet transform...

  5. Acoustically Enhanced Boiling Heat Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. W. Douglas; M. K. Smith; A. Glezer

    2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    An acoustic field is used to increase the critical heat flux (CHF) of a flat-boiling-heat-transfer surface. The increase is a result of the acoustic effects on the vapor bubbles. Experiments are performed to explore the effects of an acoustic field on vapor bubbles in the vicinity of a rigid-heated wall. Work includes the construction of a novel heater used to produce a single vapor bubble of a prescribed size and at a prescribed location on a flatboiling surface for better study of an individual vapor bubble's reaction to the acoustic field. Work also includes application of the results from the single-bubble heater to a calibrated-copper heater used for quantifying the improvements in CHF.

  6. Acoustic Characterization of Mesoscale Objects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chinn, D; Huber, R; Chambers, D; Cole, G; Balogun, O; Spicer, J; Murray, T

    2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the science and engineering performed to provide state-of-the-art acoustic capabilities for nondestructively characterizing mesoscale (millimeter-sized) objects--allowing micrometer resolution over the objects entire volume. Materials and structures used in mesoscale objects necessitate the use of (1) GHz acoustic frequencies and (2) non-contacting laser generation and detection of acoustic waves. This effort demonstrated that acoustic methods at gigahertz frequencies have the necessary penetration depth and spatial resolution to effectively detect density discontinuities, gaps, and delaminations. A prototype laser-based ultrasonic system was designed and built. The system uses a micro-chip laser for excitation of broadband ultrasonic waves with frequency components reaching 1.0 GHz, and a path-stabilized Michelson interferometer for detection. The proof-of-concept for mesoscale characterization is demonstrated by imaging a micro-fabricated etched pattern in a 70 {micro}m thick silicon wafer.

  7. Acoustic techniques in nuclear safeguards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olinger, C.T.; Sinha, D.N.

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Acoustic techniques can be employed to address many questions relevant to current nuclear technology needs. These include establishing and monitoring intrinsic tags and seals, locating holdup in areas where conventional radiation-based measurements have limited capability, process monitoring, monitoring containers for corrosion or changes in pressure, and facility design verification. These acoustics applications are in their infancy with respect to safeguards and nuclear material management, but proof-of-principle has been demonstrated in many of the areas listed.

  8. Integrated treatment and handling of highly activated components from nuclear facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, K.A.; Kiolbassa, A.; Rose, K.A. [NUKEM GmbH, Alzenau (Germany); Raymont, J.M. Jr. [WasteChem, Houston, TX (United States)

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A complete Underwater Treatment System (UTS) is described for activated/contaminated components of various origins in the nuclear industry. The system comprises different kinds of cutting/compacting equipment: the USC (Underwater Shear/compactor), the SCS (Stellite Corner Shear), the VLS (Velocity Limiter Shear) and the LCS (Light Crusher Shear). Transfer and loading equipment, the STB (Shielded Transfer Bell) provides safe and economic loading of containers with cut components. Operating experience and performance data are presented.

  9. Tenth International Symposium on Unmanned Untethered Submersible Technology: Special Session on Bio-Engineering Research Related to Autonomous Underwater Vehicles. September 8 -11,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish, Frank

    -Engineering Research Related to Autonomous Underwater Vehicles. September 8 - 11, 1997, New England Center, Univ of NH Abstract - Maneuverability is critical to the performance of autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV) and fast underwater vehicles (AUV) is the ability to maneuver or turn. Rapid turns with small radii while maintaining

  10. International Journal of Systems Science, 1999, volume 30, number 9, pages 939 946 Global attitude/position regulation for underwater vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krstic, Miroslav

    controller is designed for a 6 DOF model of an unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) which includes both/position regulation for underwater vehicles DEJAN M. BOSÆKOVICÂ ² and MIROSLAV KRSTICí² In this paper a nonlinear underwater vehicles (UUVs) is an area of growing interest due to their ability to operate at depths

  11. The 345 kV underground/underwater Long Island Sound cable project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grzan, J.; Hahn, E.I. (New York Power Authority, White Plains, NY (United States)); Casalaina, R.V.; Kansog, J.O.C. (Ebasco Services Inc., Lyndhurst, NJ (United States))

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high voltage underground/underwater cable system was installed to increase the transmission capacity from the mainland of New York to Long Island. In terms of weight and diameter, the self-contained, fluid-filled (SCFF) cable used for the underwater portion of the project is the largest underwater cable in the world. The use of high-pressure, fluid-filled (HPFF) pipe-type cable on the land portion represents the largest application of paper-polypropylene-paper (PPP) insulated cable in the United States. State-of-the-art technologies were implemented in the use of fiber optic cables for relay protection and SCADA/RTU, temperature monitoring and leak detection systems, SF[sub 6] gas-insulated substations, and underwater cable laying and embedment techniques. This paper discusses the design and installation of a 750 MVA, 43 km (26.6 mi), 345 kV underground/underwater electric transmission system installed by the New York Power Authority (NYPA).

  12. Assessing underwater noise levels during pile-driving at an offshore windfarm and its potential effects on marine mammals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aberdeen, University of

    Assessing underwater noise levels during pile-driving at an offshore windfarm and its potential of underwater noise on marine spe- cies, particularly from pile-driving for wind turbines. Environmental population of bottlenose dol- phins. We measured pile-driving noise at distances of 0.1 (maximum broadband

  13. A Self-triggered Visual Servoing Model Predictive Control Scheme for Under-actuated Underwater Robotic Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimarogonas, Dimos

    extensively used in the past for the autonomous operation of underwater robotic vehicles. Complex missions Robotic Vehicles Shahab Heshmati-Alamdari, Alina Eqtami, George C. Karras, Dimos V. Dimarogonas and Kostas Control (NMPC) scheme for an under- actuated underwater robotic vehicle. In this scheme, the control loop

  14. Reflective echo tomographic imaging using acoustic beams

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kisner, Roger; Santos-Villalobos, Hector J

    2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    An inspection system includes a plurality of acoustic beamformers, where each of the plurality of acoustic beamformers including a plurality of acoustic transmitter elements. The system also includes at least one controller configured for causing each of the plurality of acoustic beamformers to generate an acoustic beam directed to a point in a volume of interest during a first time. Based on a reflected wave intensity detected at a plurality of acoustic receiver elements, an image of the volume of interest can be generated.

  15. Heading Lock Maneuver Testing of Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muljowidodo, K

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (UAV) research and development at Bandung Institute of Technology in Indonesia has achieved the testing stage in the field. This testing was still being classified as the early testing, since some of the preliminary tests were carried out in the scale of the laboratory. The paper would discuss the laboratory test and several tests that were done in the field. Discussions were stressed in the procedure and the aim that will be achieved, along with several early results. The testing was carried out in the lake with the area around 8300 Ha and the maximum depth of 50 meters. The location of the testing was chosen with consideration of minimizing the effect of the current and the wave, as well as the location that was not too far from the Laboratory. The type of testing that will be discussed in paper was Heading Lock Maneuver Testing. The vehicle was tested to move with a certain cruising speed, afterwards it was commanded by an arbitrarily selected heading directio...

  16. Study of the Acoustic Effects of Hydrokinetic Tidal Turbines in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brian Polagye; Jim Thomson; Chris Bassett; Jason Wood; Dom Tollit; Robert Cavagnaro; Andrea Copping

    2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrokinetic turbines will be a source of noise in the marine environment - both during operation and during installation/removal. High intensity sound can cause injury or behavioral changes in marine mammals and may also affect fish and invertebrates. These noise effects are, however, highly dependent on the individual marine animals; the intensity, frequency, and duration of the sound; and context in which the sound is received. In other words, production of sound is a necessary, but not sufficient, condition for an environmental impact. At a workshop on the environmental effects of tidal energy development, experts identified sound produced by turbines as an area of potentially significant impact, but also high uncertainty. The overall objectives of this project are to improve our understanding of the potential acoustic effects of tidal turbines by: (1) Characterizing sources of existing underwater noise; (2) Assessing the effectiveness of monitoring technologies to characterize underwater noise and marine mammal responsiveness to noise; (3) Evaluating the sound profile of an operating tidal turbine; and (4) Studying the effect of turbine sound on surrogate species in a laboratory environment. This study focuses on a specific case study for tidal energy development in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound, Washington (USA), but the methodologies and results are applicable to other turbine technologies and geographic locations. The project succeeded in achieving the above objectives and, in doing so, substantially contributed to the body of knowledge around the acoustic effects of tidal energy development in several ways: (1) Through collection of data from Admiralty Inlet, established the sources of sound generated by strong currents (mobilizations of sediment and gravel) and determined that low-frequency sound recorded during periods of strong currents is non-propagating pseudo-sound. This helped to advance the debate within the marine and hydrokinetics acoustic community as to whether strong currents produce propagating sound. (2) Analyzed data collected from a tidal turbine operating at the European Marine Energy Center to develop a profile of turbine sound and developed a framework to evaluate the acoustic effects of deploying similar devices in other locations. This framework has been applied to Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish Country's demonstration project in Admiralty Inlet to inform postinstallation acoustic and marine mammal monitoring plans. (3) Demonstrated passive acoustic techniques to characterize the ambient noise environment at tidal energy sites (fixed, long-term observations recommended) and characterize the sound from anthropogenic sources (drifting, short-term observations recommended). (4) Demonstrated the utility and limitations of instrumentation, including bottom mounted instrumentation packages, infrared cameras, and vessel monitoring systems. In doing so, also demonstrated how this type of comprehensive information is needed to interpret observations from each instrument (e.g., hydrophone data can be combined with vessel tracking data to evaluate the contribution of vessel sound to ambient noise). (5) Conducted a study that suggests harbor porpoise in Admiralty Inlet may be habituated to high levels of ambient noise due to omnipresent vessel traffic. The inability to detect behavioral changes associated with a high intensity source of opportunity (passenger ferry) has informed the approach for post-installation marine mammal monitoring. (6) Conducted laboratory exposure experiments of juvenile Chinook salmon and showed that exposure to a worse than worst case acoustic dose of turbine sound does not result in changes to hearing thresholds or biologically significant tissue damage. Collectively, this means that Chinook salmon may be at a relatively low risk of injury from sound produced by tidal turbines located in or near their migration path. In achieving these accomplishments, the project has significantly advanced the District's goals of developing a demonstration-scale tidal energy proj

  17. Acoustic signal estimation using multiple blind observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Joonsung

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis proposes two algorithms for recovering an acoustic signal from multiple blind measurements made by sensors (microphones) over an acoustic channel. Unlike other algorithms that use a posteriori probabilistic ...

  18. Acoustic data transmission through a drill string

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Drumheller, D.S.

    1988-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Acoustical signals are transmitted through a drill string by canceling upward moving acoustical noise and by preconditioning the data in recognition of the comb filter impedance characteristics of the drill string. 5 figs.

  19. Acoustical Communications for Wireless Downhole Telemetry Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farraj, Abdallah

    2012-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigates the use of advanced acoustical communication techniques for wireless downhole telemetry systems. Using acoustic waves for downhole telemetry systems is investigated in order to replace the wired communication systems...

  20. Particle analysis in an acoustic cytometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kaduchak, Gregory; Ward, Michael D

    2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is a method and apparatus for acoustically manipulating one or more particles. Acoustically manipulated particles may be separated by size. The particles may be flowed in a flow stream and acoustic radiation pressure, which may be radial, may be applied to the flow stream. This application of acoustic radiation pressure may separate the particles. In one embodiment, the particles may be separated by size, and as a further example, the larger particles may be transported to a central axis.

  1. Prototype acoustic resonance spectroscopy monitor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinha, D.N.; Olinger, C.T.

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report reports on work performed for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) through the Program Office for Technical Assistance (POTAS). In this work, we investigate possible applications of nondestructive acoustics measurements to facilitate IAEA safeguards at bulk processing facilities. Two different acoustic techniques for verifying the internal structure of a processing tank were investigated. During this effort we also examined two acoustic techniques for assessing the fill level within a processing tank. The fill-level measurements could be made highly portable and have an added safeguards advantage that they can also detect stratification of fill material. This later application may be particularly useful in confirming the absence of stratification in plutonium processing tanks before accountability samples are withdrawn.

  2. 1-4244-2575-4/08/$20.00 c 2008 IEEE A Cross-layer Communication Solution for Multimedia Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pompili, Dario

    , pollution moni- toring, offshore exploration, and assisted navigation. Wire- less acoustic communications Applications in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks Dario Pompili Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Underwater multimedia acoustic sensor networks will enable new underwater applications such as multimedia

  3. Underwater temporary threshold shift induced by octave-band noise in three species of pinniped

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichmuth, Colleen

    especially sensitive to acoustic overstimulation, given increasing levels of oceanic noise pollution intensity and duration is sufficient to induce TTS under water in these pinniped species. © 1999 Acoustical inter- act in complicated ways with these acoustic characteristics. Studies of TTS in nonhumans have

  4. Gas sensing with acoustic devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, S.J.; Frye, G.C. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Spates, J.J. [Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Butler, M.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A survey is made of acoustic devices that are suitable as gas and vapor sensors. This survey focuses on attributes such as operating frequency, mass sensitivity, quality factor (Q), and their ability to be fabricated on a semiconductor substrate to allow integration with electronic circuitry. The treatment of the device surface with chemically-sensitive films to detect species of interest is discussed. Strategies for improving discrimination are described, including sensor arrays and species concentration and separation schemes. The advantages and disadvantages of integrating sensors with microelectronics are considered, along with the effect on sensitivity of scaling acoustic gas sensors to smaller size.

  5. Acoustic Emission Monitoring of the Syracuse Athena Temple: Scale Invariance in the Timing of Ruptures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niccolini, G.; Carpinteri, A.; Lacidogna, G.; Manuello, A. [Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica, Strada delle Cacce 91, 10135 Torino (Italy)] [Department of Structural Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino (Italy)

    2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform a comparative statistical analysis between the acoustic-emission time series from the ancient Greek Athena temple in Syracuse and the sequence of nearby earthquakes. We find an apparent association between acoustic-emission bursts and the earthquake occurrence. The waiting-time distributions for acoustic-emission and earthquake time series are described by a unique scaling law indicating self-similarity over a wide range of magnitude scales. This evidence suggests a correlation between the aging process of the temple and the local seismic activity.

  6. Opto-acoustic transducer for medical applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benett, W.; Celliers, P.; Da Silva, L.; Glinsky, M.; London, R.; Maitland, D.; Matthews, D.; Krulevich, P.; Lee, A.

    1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention is an optically activated transducer for generating acoustic vibrations in a biological medium. The transducer is located at the end of a fiber optic which may be located within a catheter. Energy for operating the transducer is provided optically by laser light transmitted through the fiber optic to the transducer. Pulsed laser light is absorbed in the working fluid of the transducer to generate a thermal pressure and consequent adiabatic expansion of the transducer head such that it does work against the ambient medium. The transducer returns to its original state by a process of thermal cooling. The motion of the transducer within the ambient medium couples acoustic energy into the medium. By pulsing the laser at a high repetition rate (which may vary from CW to 100 kHz) an ultrasonic radiation field can be established locally in the medium. This method of producing ultrasonic vibrations can be used in vivo for the treatment of stroke-related conditions in humans, particularly for dissolving thrombus. The catheter may also incorporate anti-thrombolytic drug treatments as an adjunct therapy and it may be operated in conjunction with ultrasonic detection equipment for imaging and feedback control. 7 figs.

  7. Opto-acoustic transducer for medical applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benett, William (Livermore, CA); Celliers, Peter (Berkeley, CA); Da Silva, Luiz (Danville, CA); Glinsky, Michael (Livermore, CA); London, Richard (Orinda, CA); Maitland, Duncan (Livermore, CA); Matthews, Dennis (Moss Beach, CA); Krulevich, Peter (Pleasanton, CA); Lee, Abraham (Walnut Creek, CA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention is an optically activated transducer for generating acoustic vibrations in a biological medium. The transducer is located at the end of a fiber optic which may be located within a catheter. Energy for operating the transducer is provided optically by laser light transmitted through the fiber optic to the transducer. Pulsed laser light is absorbed in the working fluid of the transducer to generate a thermal pressure and consequent adiabatic expansion of the transducer head such that it does work against the ambient medium. The transducer returns to its original state by a process of thermal cooling. The motion of the transducer within the ambient medium couples acoustic energy into the medium. By pulsing the laser at a high repetition rate (which may vary from CW to 100 kHz) an ultrasonic radiation field can be established locally in the medium. This method of producing ultrasonic vibrations can be used in vivo for the treatment of stroke-related conditions in humans, particularly for dissolving thrombus. The catheter may also incorporate anti-thrombolytic drug treatments as an adjunct therapy and it may be operated in conjunction with ultrasonic detection equipment for imaging and feedback control.

  8. Opto-acoustic transducer for medical applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benett, William (Livermore, CA); Celliers, Peter (Berkeley, CA); Da Silva, Luiz (Danville, CA); Glinsky, Michael (Livermore, CA); London, Richard (Orinda, CA); Maitland, Duncan (Livermore, CA); Matthews, Dennis (Moss Beach, CA); Krulevich, Peter (Pleasanton, CA); Lee, Abraham (Walnut Creek, CA)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention is an optically activated transducer for generating acoustic vibrations in a biological medium. The transducer is located at the end of a fiber optic which may be located within a catheter. Energy for operating the transducer is provided optically by laser light transmitted through the fiber optic to the transducer. Pulsed laser light is absorbed in the working fluid of the transducer to generate a thermal pressure and consequent adiabatic expansion of the transducer head such that it does work against the ambient medium. The transducer returns to its original state by a process of thermal cooling. The motion of the transducer within the ambient medium couples acoustic energy into the medium. By pulsing the laser at a high repetition rate (which may vary from CW to 100 kHz) an ultrasonic radiation field can be established locally in the medium. This method of producing ultrasonic vibrations can be used in vivo for the treatment of stroke-related conditions in humans, particularly for dissolving thrombus. The catheter may also incorporate anti-thrombolytic drug treatments as an adjunct therapy and it may be operated in conjunction with ultrasonic detection equipment for imaging and feedback control.

  9. LLNL`s acoustic spectrometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, J.

    1997-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the development of a frequency sensitive acoustic transducer that operates in the 10 Hz to 10 kHz regime. This device uses modem silicon microfabrication techniques to form mechanical tines that resonate at specified frequencies. This high-sensitivity device is intended for low-power battery powered applications.

  10. Underwater robot navigation around a sphere using electrolocation sense and Kalman filter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Underwater robot navigation around a sphere using electrolocation sense and Kalman filter Vincent to the model of Rasnow [3]. Unscented Kalman Filter is used to localize the robot with respect to the sphere of the parameters of the sphere. This method is based on the unscented Kalman filter. In the third part we

  11. AC 2007-2003: UNDERWATER LEGO ROBOTICS: TESTING, EVALUATION & Adam Carberry, Tufts University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AC 2007-2003: UNDERWATER LEGO ROBOTICS: TESTING, EVALUATION & REDESIGN Adam Carberry, Tufts from Tufts. He is also a research assistant at the Tufts University Center for Engineering Educational a difference in bringing engineering to K-12 education. He is also a research assistant at the Tufts University

  12. Understanding fish behavior during typhoon events in real-life underwater environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Bob

    Understanding fish behavior during typhoon events in real-life underwater environments Concetto · Fang-Pang Lin · Daniela Giordano · Lynda Hardman · Robert B. Fisher Abstract The study of fish inevitably influenced the behavior of the fish under observation. Recent projects involving the installation

  13. One Fish, Two Fish, Butterfish, Trumpeter: Recognizing Fish in Underwater Video

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mori, Greg

    One Fish, Two Fish, Butterfish, Trumpeter: Recognizing Fish in Underwater Video Andrew Rova Simon template object recognition method for classifying fish species in un- derwater video. This method can be a component of a system that automatically identifies fish by species, im- proving upon previous works which

  14. Long-term underwater camera surveillance for monitoring and analysis of fish populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Bob

    Long-term underwater camera surveillance for monitoring and analysis of fish populations Bastiaan J software to detect and recognise fish species. This footage is processed on supercomput- ers, which allow using a web-interface that allows them to display counts of fish species in the camera footage. 1

  15. Using a High Order Sliding Modes for diving control a torpedo Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    have been adopted for AUV's depth and steering control: Optimal control [4], Neural Network [7 are designed using a linear model of the robot. Recently, a new control method called High Order Sliding ModesUsing a High Order Sliding Modes for diving control a torpedo Autonomous Underwater Vehicle T

  16. Impact of underwater-ice evolution on Arctic summer sea ice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worster, M. Grae

    Impact of underwater-ice evolution on Arctic summer sea ice Dirk Notz,1,4 Miles G. McPhee,2 M. Grae the simultaneous growth and ablation of a layer of ice between an under-ice melt pond and the underlying ocean. Such ``false bottoms'' are the only significant source of ice formation in the Arctic during summer. Analytical

  17. Extended Abstract: Uncertainty-Based Localization Solution for Under-Ice Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pompili, Dario

    exploration to study the impact of climate change to the circula- tion of the world's oceans. These AUVs need System (GPS) underwater, over time, inaccu- racies in models for deriving position estimates, self Copyright 2011 ACM 978-1-4503-1151-9 ...$10.00. i j k l time DISLU Localization Localization DOPLU DOPLU

  18. Trajectory-aware Communication Solution for Underwater Gliders using WHOI Micro-Modems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pompili, Dario

    routing protocol is combined with practical cross-layer optimization to minimize energy consumption. Our collection, disaster preven- tion, and navigation. Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) equipped protocol is designed to send packets to a region rather than to a point. To improve the network's energy

  19. Design and Implementation of Time Efficient Trajectories for an Underwater Vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Ryan N.

    : Autonomous Underwater Vehicles, Optimal Control, Numerical Algorithm, Trajectory Planning. 1 Introduction- trol strategies that govern their motions. Traditionally, autonomous underwa- ter vehicles (AUV's) have. This is a first step toward minimizing a combination of both time and energy consumption along a given trajectory

  20. Implementable Efficient Time and Energy Consumption Trajectories Design For an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Ryan N.

    Implementable Efficient Time and Energy Consumption Trajectories Design For an Autonomous efficient trajectories onto a test-bed autonomous underwater vehicle. The trajectories are losely connected, their autonomy has become a large research interest. Much research has gone into making autonomous vehicles

  1. Underwater Bomb Trajectory Prediction for Stand-off Assault (Mine/IED) Breaching Weapon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Peter C.

    Underwater Bomb Trajectory Prediction for Stand-off Assault (Mine/IED) Breaching Weapon Fuse To support the development and evaluation of the Stand-off Assault Breaching Weapon Fuse Improvement (SOABWFI for developing an effective system for use against IEDs and mines. The Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM

  2. SemiAutonomous Teleoperation of a Non-Holonomic Underwater Vehicle Using a Laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loizou, Savvas G.

    the field of view has been examined in the past, in robotic manipulators [7], cartesian robots [8 describes a switching visual servoing control scheme designed for an underwater vehicle with non- holonomic controller design, the resulting controller has analytically guaranteed stability and convergence properties

  3. International Conference on Microwave and High Frequency Heating Nottingham, UK, September 2013 Underwater Microwave Ignition of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jerby, Eli

    -cost operation [4, 5]. Thermite reaction as a self-propagated, high-temperature synthesis (SHS) process, Localized microwave heating, underwater ignition, combustion. INTRODUCTION Self-propagated thermite reactions between metal-oxide and metals typically burn at high flame temperatures, and require high

  4. Abstract-Homing and navigation capabilities are essential for many Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Abstract- Homing and navigation capabilities are essential for many Autonomous Underwater Vehicle's position in the vehicle frame. In order to triangulate his position, the AUV need to maneuver while an initial estimate of the vehicle's location with respect to a fixed or moving beacon. These initials

  5. Metastable Underwater Superhydrophobicity Rosa Poetes, Kathrin Holtzmann, Kristian Franze, and Ullrich Steiner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Travis, Adrian

    LU12514 REV IEW CO PY N O T FO R D ISTRIBU TIO N Metastable Underwater Superhydrophobicity Rosa of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK (Dated: September 15, 2010) Superhydrophobicity is generally considered superhydrophobic surfaces in nature and limits their scope for commercial applications. PACS numbers: 68.08.Bc, 68

  6. Nonlinear dust acoustic waves and shocks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merlino, R. L.; Heinrich, J. R.; Hyun, S.-H.; Meyer, J. K. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States)

    2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe experiments on (1) nonlinear dust acoustic waves and (2) dust acoustic shocks performed in a direct current (DC) glow discharge dusty plasma. First, we describe experiments showing nonlinear dust acoustic waves characterized by waveforms of the dust density that are typically sharper in the wave crests and flatter in the wave troughs (compared to sinusoidal waves), indicating the development of wave harmonics. We discuss this behavior in terms of a second-order fluid theory for dust acoustic waves. Second, experimental observations of the propagation and steepening of large-amplitude dust acoustic waves into dust acoustic shock waves are presented. The observed shock wave evolution is compared with numerical calculations based on the Riemann solution of the fully nonlinear fluid equations for dust acoustic waves.

  7. Surface acoustic wave probe implant for predicting epileptic seizures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gopalsami, Nachappa (Naperville, IL); Kulikov, Stanislav (Sarov, RU); Osorio, Ivan (Leawood, KS); Raptis, Apostolos C. (Downers Grove, IL)

    2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A system and method for predicting and avoiding a seizure in a patient. The system and method includes use of an implanted surface acoustic wave probe and coupled RF antenna to monitor temperature of the patient's brain, critical changes in the temperature characteristic of a precursor to the seizure. The system can activate an implanted cooling unit which can avoid or minimize a seizure in the patient.

  8. Lossy compression and real-time geovisualization for ultra-low bandwidth telemetry from untethered underwater vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Christopher Alden

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oceanographic applications of robotics are as varied as the undersea environment itself. As underwater robotics moves toward the study of dynamic processes with multiple vehicles, there is an increasing need to distill ...

  9. Target tracking onboard an autonomous underwater vehicle : determining optimal towed array heading in an anisotropic noise field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parra-Orlandoni, Maria Alejandra

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to overcome the challenges that an anisotropic noise field poses for underwater target tracking, we conduct an onboard estimation of the horizontal noise directionality in the real-time processing suite of an ...

  10. Design of an autonomous underwater vehicle to evaluate the blazed array sonar and simultaneous localization and mapping algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uhle, Matthew William

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis has investigated aspects of the design of a new highly maneuverable Autonomous Underwater Vehicle - the XAUV. The overall goal for the design of this vehicle is to create a small, highly maneuverable AUV that ...

  11. Acoustic techniques for localizing holdup

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vnuk, D.

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Material that does not come out of a process as product or waste is called holdup. When this is fissile material, its location and quantity must be determined to improve safeguards and security as well as safety at the facility. The most common method for detecting and measuring holdup is with radiation based techniques. When using them, one must consider equipment geometry, geometry of holdup, and effects of background radiation when converting the radiation measurement into a fissile material quantity. We are developing complementary techniques that use tiny acoustic transducers, which are unaffected by background radiation, to improve holdup measurements by aiding in determining the above conversion factors for holdup measurements. Thus far, we have applied three techniques, Acoustic Interferometry, Pulse Echo, and bending Wave Propagation, of which the latter appears most effective. This paper will describe each of these techniques and show how they may ultimately reduce costs and personnel radiation exposure while increasing confidence I and accuracy of holdup measurements.

  12. Cylindrical acoustic levitator/concentrator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kaduchak, Gregory (Los Alamos, NM); Sinha, Dipen N. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A low-power, inexpensive acoustic apparatus for levitation and/or concentration of aerosols and small liquid/solid samples having particulates up to several millimeters in diameter in air or other fluids is described. It is constructed from a commercially available, hollow cylindrical piezoelectric crystal which has been modified to tune the resonance frequency of the breathing mode resonance of the crystal to that of the interior cavity of the cylinder. When the resonance frequency of the interior cylindrical cavity is matched to the breathing mode resonance of the cylindrical piezoelectric transducer, the acoustic efficiency for establishing a standing wave pattern in the cavity is high. The cylinder does not require accurate alignment of a resonant cavity. Water droplets having diameters greater than 1 mm have been levitated against the force of gravity using; less than 1 W of input electrical power. Concentration of aerosol particles in air is also demonstrated.

  13. Acoustic horizons in nuclear fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niladri Sarkar; Abhik Basu; Jayanta K. Bhattacharjee; Arnab K. Ray

    2014-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a hydrodynamic description of the spherically symmetric outward flow of nuclear matter, accommodating dispersion in it as a very weak effect. About the resulting stationary conditions in the flow, we apply an Eulerian scheme to derive a fully nonlinear equation of a time-dependent radial perturbation. In its linearized limit, with no dispersion, this equation implies the static acoustic horizon of an analogue gravity model. We, however, show that time-dependent nonlinear effects destabilize the static horizon. We also model the perturbation as a high-frequency travelling wave, and perform a {\\it WKB} analysis, in which the effect of weak dispersion is studied iteratively. We show that even arbitrarily small values of dispersion make the horizon fully opaque to any acoustic disturbance propagating against the bulk flow, with the amplitude and the energy flux of the radial perturbation undergoing a discontinuity at the horizon, and decaying exponentially just outside it.

  14. CX-009160: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Underwater Active Acoustic Monitoring Network for Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Projects CX(s) Applied: B3.3 Date: 09/24/2012 Location(s): Maine Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  15. Acoustic resonance spectroscopy for safeguards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olinger, C.T. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Acoustic resonance spectroscopy (ARS) nonintrusively assesses changes in a sealed item, such as a special nuclear material (SNM) container. The acoustic spectrum of a container is a function of its geometry, material of construction, and occupied volume and a function of the parameters of the contents, such as acoustic velocity, viscosity, and composition. Measuring the spectrum establishes a fingerprint for that item. Monitoring for changes in the fingerprint can be used to detect intrinsic changes in the contents or tampering. Spectra are obtained by inducing vibrations in a container at a given frequency with one transducer and detecting the vibrational response at that frequency with a second transducer. The excitation and detection frequency is then incremented until the desired frequency range is sampled. If desired, the signature can then be reduced to a series of resonant peaks, which facilitates the comparison of spectra for many applications. Required measurement time is typically 10 to 40 s, depending on the measurement range and resolution. Useful attributes of ARS are that spectra respond to various parameters differently, only a few seconds are required to perform an ARS measurement, and measurements can be performed without disturbing the container or its contents. Analysis for these applications of ARS is based on comparison of spectra from the same item taken at different times, so anomalies can be detected without any modeling of the system. However, some theoretical modeling can aid in interpreting spectra.

  16. Acoustic resonance phase locked photoacoustic spectrometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pilgrim, Jeffrey S.; Bomse, David S.; Silver, Joel A.

    2003-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A photoacoustic spectroscopy method and apparatus for maintaining an acoustic source frequency on a sample cell resonance frequency comprising: providing an acoustic source to the sample cell to generate a photoacoustic signal, the acoustic source having a source frequency; continuously measuring detection phase of the photoacoustic signal with respect to source frequency or a harmonic thereof; and employing the measured detection phase to provide magnitude and direction for correcting the source frequency to the resonance frequency.

  17. Acoustic resonance frequency locked photoacoustic spectrometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pilgrim, Jeffrey S.; Bomse, David S.; Silver, Joel A.

    2003-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A photoacoustic spectroscopy method and apparatus for maintaining an acoustic source frequency on a sample cell resonance frequency comprising: providing an acoustic source to the sample cell, the acoustic source having a source frequency; repeatedly and continuously sweeping the source frequency across the resonance frequency at a sweep rate; and employing an odd-harmonic of the source frequency sweep rate to maintain the source frequency sweep centered on the resonance frequency.

  18. Wind Turbine Acoustic Noise A white paper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Wind Turbine Acoustic Noise A white paper Prepared by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory...................................................................... 8 Sound from Wind Turbines .............................................................................................. 10 Sources of Wind Turbine Sound

  19. Acoustics of finite-aperture vortex beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitri, F G

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method based on the Rayleigh-Sommerfeld surface integral is provided, which makes it feasible to rigorously model, evaluate and compute the acoustic scattering and other mechanical effects of finite-aperture vortex beams such as the acoustic radiation force and torque on a viscoelastic sphere in various applications in acoustic tweezers and microfluidics, particle entrapment, manipulation and rotation. Partial-wave series expansions are derived for the incident field of acoustic spiraling (vortex) beams, comprising high-order Bessel and Bessel-Gauss beams.

  20. Acoustic resonance for nonmetallic mine detection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kercel, S.W.

    1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The feasibility of acoustic resonance for detection of plastic mines was investigated by researchers at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s Instrumentation and Controls Division under an internally funded program. The data reported in this paper suggest that acoustic resonance is not a practical method for mine detection. Representative small plastic anti-personnel mines were tested, and were found to not exhibit detectable acoustic resonances. Also, non-metal objects known to have strong acoustic resonances were tested with a variety of excitation techniques, and no practical non-contact method of exciting a consistently detectable resonance in a buried object was discovered. Some of the experimental data developed in this work may be useful to other researchers seeking a method to detect buried plastic mines. A number of excitation methods and their pitfalls are discussed. Excitation methods that were investigated include swept acoustic, chopped acoustic, wavelet acoustic, and mechanical shaking. Under very contrived conditions, a weak response that could be attributed to acoustic resonance was observed, but it does not appear to be practical as a mine detection feature. Transfer properties of soil were investigated. Impulse responses of several representative plastic mines were investigated. Acoustic leakage coupling, and its implications as a disruptive mechanism were investigated.

  1. Platforms and Methods for Acoustic Detection and Monitoring of Key

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    #12;Platforms and Methods for Acoustic Detection and Monitoring of Key Ecosystem Properties Nils Olav Handegard #12;· Introduction · Platforms carrying acoustics · Methods · Applications ­ What we have done · Applications ­ What we would like to do #12;· Introduction · Platforms carrying acoustics

  2. The underwater coincidence counter for plutonium measurements in mixed-oxide fuel assemblies manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G. W. Eccleston; H. O. Menlove; M. Abhold; M. Baker; J. Pecos

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This manual describes the Underwater Coincidence Counter (UWCC) that has been designed for the measurement of plutonium in mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel assemblies prior to irradiation. The UWCC uses high-efficiency {sup 3}He neutron detectors to measure the spontaneous-fission and induced-fission rates in the fuel assembly. Measurements can be made on MOX fuel assemblies in air or underwater. The neutron counting rate is analyzed for singles, doubles, and triples time correlations to determine the {sup 240}Pu effective mass per unit length of the fuel assembly. The system can verify the plutonium loading per unit length to a precision of less than 1% in a measurement time of 2 to 3 minutes. System design, components, performance tests, and operational characteristics are described in this manual.

  3. acoustic impedance: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nassir Navab 6 ACOUSTIC IMPEDANCE INVERSION FOR STATIC AND DYNAMIC CHARACTERIZATION OF A CO2 EOR PROJECT, Fossil Fuels Websites Summary: ACOUSTIC IMPEDANCE INVERSION FOR STATIC...

  4. acoustic impedance inversion: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Topic Index 1 ACOUSTIC IMPEDANCE INVERSION FOR STATIC AND DYNAMIC CHARACTERIZATION OF A CO2 EOR PROJECT, Fossil Fuels Websites Summary: ACOUSTIC IMPEDANCE INVERSION FOR STATIC...

  5. acoustic wave resonator: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Helmholtz resonators Physics Websites Summary: Numerical modeling of nonlinear acoustic waves in a tube connected with Helmholtz resonators Bruno Acoustic wave propagation in a...

  6. acoustic wave resonators: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Helmholtz resonators Physics Websites Summary: Numerical modeling of nonlinear acoustic waves in a tube connected with Helmholtz resonators Bruno Acoustic wave propagation in a...

  7. acoustic band gaps: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    type of phononic crystals manufactured Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.10631.2167794 The propagation of acoustic waves in periodic composite Deymier, Pierre 2 Acoustic band gap...

  8. amplitude acoustic wave: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    same.29 Keywords: Nonlinear standing wave; Closed acoustic Heller, Barbara 4 Long-range propagation of finite-amplitude acoustic waves in an ocean waveguide Geosciences Websites...

  9. alternative proposal acoustic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in theory. However, two critical Zhou, Shengli 80 ACOUSTIC STUDY OF THE UD GAMESA WIND TURBINE PROJECT Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: ACOUSTIC STUDY OF THE...

  10. acoustic noise reduction: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    acoustic receivers of vessels using spectral subtraction Physics Websites Summary: , cavitation etc. created by the propellers generate immense acoustic noise in the vicinity...

  11. acoustic background noise: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or remove acoustic background noise uses setups Paris-Sud XI, Universit de 3 Wind Turbine Acoustic Noise A white paper Renewable Energy Websites Summary: Wind Turbine...

  12. acoustic desorption liad: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    coverage... Juwono, Tjipto 2013-01-01 18 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  13. acoustic neurinomas early: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by the Leningrad unknown authors 10 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  14. acoustic equipment: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    was to be Music 302 Maher, Robert C. 13 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  15. acoustic monitoring: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Acoustic methods have impediments as well, of course, most notably 26 Acoustic daylight imaging via spectral factorization: Helioseismology and reservoir monitoring: The...

  16. assisted acoustic focusing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and solved. A. G. Ramm 2008-05-16 28 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  17. acoustic microscopy risswachstumsstudien: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Zhang; Rong-Gen Cai 2004-11-18 8 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  18. acoustic insulation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Teo, Chi Yan Jeffrey 2011-01-01 17 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  19. acoustic passive localization: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    inter-sensor propagation Boyer, Edmond 2 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  20. acoustic chemometrics monitoring: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Acoustic methods have impediments as well, of course, most notably 27 Acoustic daylight imaging via spectral factorization: Helioseismology and reservoir monitoring: The...

  1. acoustic neurinoma presenting: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    testable. Visser, M 1999-01-01 18 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  2. acoustic howling suppression: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by the Leningrad unknown authors 15 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  3. acoustics ultrasonic imaging: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Junjie Gong; Fangfang Shi; Yijing Ke 2 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  4. acoustic chemometric monitoring: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Acoustic methods have impediments as well, of course, most notably 27 Acoustic daylight imaging via spectral factorization: Helioseismology and reservoir monitoring: The...

  5. acoustic noise: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of anisotropy in oceanic ambient noise fields and its relevance to Acoustic Daylight imaging CiteSeer Summary: Acoustic Daylight is a new technique for creating pictorial...

  6. acoustic 4f imaging: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  7. acoustic neuroma mimicking: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    botnet owners have Stojmenovic, Ivan 12 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  8. acoustic 3-d imaging: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    landmarks or com- plete Delson, Eric 20 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  9. acoustic microscopy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Zhang; Rong-Gen Cai 2004-11-18 8 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  10. acoustic neuroma surgery: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by the Leningrad unknown authors 8 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  11. acoustic trauma evokes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Course Requirements Lockery, Shawn 18 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  12. airborne acoustical noise: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of anisotropy in oceanic ambient noise fields and its relevance to Acoustic Daylight imaging CiteSeer Summary: Acoustic Daylight is a new technique for creating pictorial...

  13. acoustic overstimulation modifies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    synthesizer can Johnson, Michael T. 13 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  14. acoustic neuroma treatment: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by the Leningrad unknown authors 10 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  15. acoustic neuroma resection: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by the Leningrad unknown authors 6 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  16. acoustic nmr: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Isaac; Steffen, Matthias 2004-01-01 9 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  17. acoustic neurinoma removal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by the Leningrad unknown authors 4 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

  18. acoustic wave based: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    acoustic dispersion over SAW wavelengths down to 200 nm, meaning the SAW propagation ... Siemens, Mark 44 Excitation of kinetic geodesic acoustic modes by drift waves in...

  19. acoustical testing laboratory: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Computational Acoustics, Vol. 9, No. 3 (2001) 1215-1225 c IMACS AIRBORNE ACOUSTICS October 1999 Revised 16 April 2000 A recently developed theoretical model of the airborne...

  20. acoustics ultrasound device: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at low frequencies (5-35MHz Gizeli, Electra 6 Ultrasound acoustic emission in water-stressed plants of Picea abies Karst. Physics Websites Summary: Ultrasound acoustic...

  1. A note on stability of nongeneric equilibria for an underwater vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petre Birtea; Dan Comanescu

    2014-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the Lyapunov stability of a family of nongeneric equilibria with spin for underwater vehicles with noncoincident centers. The nongeneric equilibria belong to singular symplectic leaves that are not characterized as a preimage o a regular value of the Casimir functions. We find an invariant submanifold such that the nongeneric equilibria belong to a preimage of a regular value that involves sub-Casimir functions. We obtain results for nonlinear stability on this invariant submanifold.

  2. Assessment of a multi-stage underwater vehicle concept using a fossil-fuel Stirling engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reader, G.T.; Potter, I.J. [Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Stirling Engine because of its inherent closed-cycle operation can be readily modified to work in an airless environment even if the primary source of energy is a fossil fuel. Thus, Stirling engines are well suited for use in the underwater environment and have been operated successfully in manned military submarines since the early 1980s. In recent years fossil fueled Stirling systems have been also proposed for use in small unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs). However, in this case the need to carry an onboard oxygen supply in a very confined space has presented a number of design difficulties. These are identified in the paper. However, if the oxidant supply to the engine is provided by the membrane extraction of dissolved oxygen from seawater and/or disposable fuel/oxidant pods are used then the UUV Stirling system becomes more attractive. If this latter concept is extended to include multi-stage vehicles then it can be shown that fossil fueled Stirlings could also be put to effective use in long range-long endurance underwater vehicular operations.

  3. The United Stirling 4-95 and 4-275 Engines I underwater use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nilsson, H.

    1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United Stirling 4-95 and 4-275 well-known engines have been adapted to underwater operation. The 4-95 power module has an output of 20 kW /SUB e/ and 40 kW as heat. The standard 4-95 engine has been modified for a pressurized combustion. The combustion pressure mates with the surrounding water depth at current limits for operational offshore diving. Hence no energy consuming compression or any complex dissolving system for the exhaust gas is required. Increased diving depth can be reached through already established technology. Combustion gas recirculation is used as thermic ballast and for flame temperature control, when using pure oxygen. The 4-275 engine is currently subject to underwater modification utilizing the same technology. This energy module will have an output of 100 kW /SUB e/ and 200 kW as heat. The system will comprise a LOX-storage, thus providing extensive underwater air-independent endurance. Based upon extensive laboratory testing and demonstrations under submerged conditions, the system is now scheduled for field testing and commercial introduction.

  4. Energy Efficient Multi-Path Communication for Time-Critical Applications in Underwater Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Jun-Hong

    Abstract Due to the long propagation delay and high error rate of acoustic channels, it is very challenging, such as oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration, disaster prevention, and tactical quick absorption in water, thus acoustic channels are usually employed. The propagation speed

  5. Short Paper: Launching Denial-of-Service Jamming Attacks in Underwater Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shengli

    are performed on existing commercial brand acoustic modems and an OFDM modem prototype. We show that UWSNs can, and chemical/pollution contaminations. These sensors have changed the way humans live and are becoming more characterized by their use of under- water acoustic channels since electromagnetic waves can- not propagate over

  6. Improving the Robustness of Location-Based Routing for Underwater Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Jun-Hong

    ) to enable/enhance applications such as oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore, due to water absorption, radio does not work well. Thus acoustic communication is usually employed signals, acoustic channels are fea- tured with low available bandwidth, very large propagation delay

  7. Characterization of acoustically forced swirl flame dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lieuwen, Timothy C.

    of the flame to acoustic excitation is required. This study presents an analysis of phase-locked OH PLIF images of acoustically excited swirl flames, to identify the key controlling physical processes and qualitatively discuss, and whose relative significance depends upon forcing frequency, amplitude of excitation, and flame

  8. Acoustically enhanced heat exchange and drying apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bramlette, T.T.; Keller, J.O.

    1987-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A heat transfer drying apparatus includes an acoustically augmented heat transfer chamber for receiving material to be dried. The chamber includes a first heat transfer gas inlet, a second heat transfer gas inlet, a material inlet, and a gas outlet which also serves as a dried material and gas outlet. A non-pulsing first heat transfer gas source provides a first drying gas to the acoustically augmented heat transfer chamber through the first heat transfer gas inlet. A valveless, continuous second heat transfer gas source provides a second drying gas to the acoustically augmented heat transfer chamber through the second heat transfer gas inlet. The second drying gas also generates acoustic waves which bring about acoustical coupling with the gases in the acoustically augmented heat transfer chamber. The second drying gas itself oscillates at an acoustic frequency of approximately 180 Hz due to fluid mechanical motion in the gas. The oscillations of the second heat transfer gas coupled to the first heat transfer gas in the acoustically augmented heat transfer chamber enhance heat and mass transfer by convection within the chamber. 3 figs.

  9. Thermoacoustic Stirling Engine --An acoustic amplifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    Thermoacoustic Stirling Engine -- An acoustic amplifier: ambient heat exchanger (water) stacked kW sound hot diesel exhaust hot diesel exhaust 34" 24" Thermoacoustic Stirling Engine -- An acoustic@lanl.gov 505-667-7545 A lighter, smaller, faster, cheaper version of free-piston Stirling 500W Lightweight

  10. Microfabricated bulk wave acoustic bandgap device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olsson, Roy H.; El-Kady, Ihab F.; McCormick, Frederick; Fleming, James G.; Fleming leg, Carol

    2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A microfabricated bulk wave acoustic bandgap device comprises a periodic two-dimensional array of scatterers embedded within the matrix material membrane, wherein the scatterer material has a density and/or elastic constant that is different than the matrix material and wherein the periodicity of the array causes destructive interference of the acoustic wave within an acoustic bandgap. The membrane can be suspended above a substrate by an air or vacuum gap to provide acoustic isolation from the substrate. The device can be fabricated using microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technologies. Such microfabricated bulk wave phononic bandgap devices are useful for acoustic isolation in the ultrasonic, VHF, or UHF regime (i.e., frequencies of order 1 MHz to 10 GHz and higher, and lattice constants of order 100 .mu.m or less).

  11. Microfabricated bulk wave acoustic bandgap device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olsson, Roy H. (Albuquerque, NM); El-Kady, Ihab F. (Albuquerque, NM); McCormick, Frederick (Albuquerque, NM); Fleming, James G. (Albuquerque, NM); Fleming, legal representative, Carol (Albuquerque, NM)

    2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A microfabricated bulk wave acoustic bandgap device comprises a periodic two-dimensional array of scatterers embedded within the matrix material membrane, wherein the scatterer material has a density and/or elastic constant that is different than the matrix material and wherein the periodicity of the array causes destructive interference of the acoustic wave within an acoustic bandgap. The membrane can be suspended above a substrate by an air or vacuum gap to provide acoustic isolation from the substrate. The device can be fabricated using microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technologies. Such microfabricated bulk wave phononic bandgap devices are useful for acoustic isolation in the ultrasonic, VHF, or UHF regime (i.e., frequencies of order 1 MHz to 10 GHz and higher, and lattice constants of order 100 .mu.m or less).

  12. Acoustic resonance spectroscopy intrinsic seals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olinger, C.T.; Burr, T.; Vnuk, D.R.

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have begun to quantify the ability of acoustic resonance spectroscopy (ARS) to detect the removal and replacement of the lid of a simulated special nuclear materials drum. Conceptually, the acoustic spectrum of a container establishcs a baseline fingerprint, which we refer to as an intrinsic seal, for the container. Simply removing and replacing the lid changes some of the resonant frequencies because it is impossible to exactly duplicate all of the stress patterns between the lid and container. Preliminary qualitative results suggested that the ARS intrinsic seal could discriminate between cases where a lid has or has not been removed. The present work is directed at quantifying the utility of the ARS intrinsic seal technique, including the technique`s sensitivity to ``nuisance`` effects, such as temperature swings, movement of the container, and placement of the transducers. These early quantitative tests support the potential of the ARS intrinsic seal application, but also reveal a possible sensitivity to nuisance effects that could limit environments or conditions under which the technique is effective.

  13. Dust-Acoustic Waves: Visible Sound Waves Robert L. Merlino

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merlino, Robert L.

    Dust-Acoustic Waves: Visible Sound Waves Robert L. Merlino Department of Physics and Astronomy with their announcement that: "We find that a new type of sound wave, namely, the dust-acoustic waves, can appear" [1 and experimental work on dust acoustic waves is given. The basic physics of the dust acoustic wave and some

  14. 15 Acoustic Daylight Imaging in the Michael J. Buckingham

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckingham, Michael

    15 Acoustic Daylight Imaging in the Ocean Michael J. Buckingham Scripps Institution of Oceanography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 15.4 Acoustic daylight images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 420 15.5 Concluding. Sensors and Imaging ISBN 0­12­379771­3/$30.00 #12;416 15 Acoustic Daylight Imaging in the Ocean Acoustic

  15. Correlation time of ocean ambient noise intensity in San Diego Bay and target recognition in acoustic daylight images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadsworth, Adam J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Intensity Data Chapter 3 Acoustic Daylight Image TargetC. L. Epifanio. Acoustic Daylight: Passive Acoustic ImagingRecognition in Acoustic Daylight Images A Thesis submitted

  16. Monitoring underwater explosions in the habitat of resident bottlenose dolphins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a profound shift in natural resource management. It empha- sizes human dependence on eco- systems, humility development, agriculture, ship- ping, fishing, aquaculture, tourism and rec- reation, and oil and gas extraction are among the human activities that affect marine eco- systems. Without comprehensive EBM

  17. COLLOQUE DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C2, suppl6ment au n02, Tome 51, F6vrier 1990

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    processing (sismic, underwater acoustic, array processing ...) the cross-spectralmatrix estimation (in time

  18. (8, 22). Krill distributions are, however, notori-ously patchy (23), and point estimates of abun-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    . Brierley, "Using an autonomous underwater vehicle as a platform for mesoscale acoustic sampling in marine

  19. Speaker verification system using acoustic data and non-acoustic data

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gable, Todd J. (Walnut Creek, CA); Ng, Lawrence C. (Danville, CA); Holzrichter, John F. (Berkeley, CA); Burnett, Greg C. (Livermore, CA)

    2006-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and system for speech characterization. One embodiment includes a method for speaker verification which includes collecting data from a speaker, wherein the data comprises acoustic data and non-acoustic data. The data is used to generate a template that includes a first set of "template" parameters. The method further includes receiving a real-time identity claim from a claimant, and using acoustic data and non-acoustic data from the identity claim to generate a second set of parameters. The method further includes comparing the first set of parameters to the set of parameters to determine whether the claimant is the speaker. The first set of parameters and the second set of parameters include at least one purely non-acoustic parameter, including a non-acoustic glottal shape parameter derived from averaging multiple glottal cycle waveforms.

  20. Writing magnetic patterns with surface acoustic waves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Weiyang; Buford, Benjamin; Jander, Albrecht; Dhagat, Pallavi, E-mail: dhagat@eecs.oregonstate.edu [School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331 (United States)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel patterning technique that creates magnetization patterns in a continuous magnetostrictive film with surface acoustic waves is demonstrated. Patterns of 10??m wide stripes of alternating magnetization and a 3??m dot of reversed magnetization are written using standing and focusing acoustic waves, respectively. The magnetization pattern is size-tunable, erasable, and rewritable by changing the magnetic field and acoustic power. This versatility, along with its solid-state implementation (no moving parts) and electronic control, renders it as a promising technique for application in magnetic recording, magnonic signal processing, magnetic particle manipulation, and spatial magneto-optical modulation.

  1. Acoustically enhanced heat exchange and drying apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bramlette, T. Tazwell (Livermore, CA); Keller, Jay O. (Oakland, CA)

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A heat transfer apparatus includes a first chamber having a first heat transfer gas inlet, a second heat transfer gas inlet, and an outlet. A first heat transfer gas source provides a first gas flow to the first chamber through the first heat transfer gas inlet. A second gas flow through a second chamber connected to the side of the first chamber, generates acoustic waves which bring about acoustical coupling of the first and second gases in the acoustically augmented first chamber. The first chamber may also include a material inlet for receiving material to be dried, in which case the gas outlet serves as a dried material and gas outlet.

  2. Copper vapor laser acoustic thermometry system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Galkowski, Joseph J. (Livermore, CA)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A copper vapor laser (CVL) acoustic thermometry system is disclosed. The invention couples an acoustic pulse a predetermined distance into a laser tube by means of a transducer and an alumina rod such that an echo pulse is returned along the alumina rod to the point of entry. The time differential between the point of entry of the acoustic pulse into the laser tube and the exit of the echo pulse is related to the temperature at the predetermined distance within the laser tube. This information is processed and can provide an accurate indication of the average temperature within the laser tube.

  3. Project of the underwater system for chemical threat detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silarski, M; Moskal, P; Smolis, M; Tadeja, S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this article we describe a novel method for the detection of explosives and other hazardous substances in the marine environment using neutron activation. Unlike the other considered methods based on this technique we propose to use guides forneutron and gamma quanta which speeds up and simplifies identification. Moreover, it may provide a determination of the density distribution of a dangerous substance. First preliminary results of Monte Carlo simulations dedicated for design of a device exploiting this method are also presented.

  4. ACOUSTIC REMOTE SENSING OF THE NORTH PACIFIC ON GYRE AND REGIONAL SCALES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dushaw, Brian

    ACOUSTIC REMOTE SENSING OF THE NORTH PACIFIC ON GYRE AND REGIONAL SCALES B. DUSHAW Applied Physics has evolved into a multipurpose remote sensing measurement technique that has been employed in a wide for observing regions of active convection, for measuring changes in integrated heat content, for observing

  5. Comparative Performance of Acoustic-tagged and PIT-tagged Juvenile Salmonids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hockersmith, Eric E.; Brown, Richard S.; Liedtke, Theresa L.

    2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Numerous research tools and technologies are currently being used to evaluate fish passage and survival to determine the impacts of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) on endangered and threatened juvenile salmonids, including PIT tags, balloon tags, hydroacoustic evaluations, radio telemetry, and acoustic telemetry. Each has advantages and disadvantages, but options are restricted in some situations because of limited capabilities of a specific technology, lack of detection capability downstream, or availability of adequate numbers of fish. However, there remains concern about the comparative effects of the tag or the tagging procedure on fish performance. The recently developed Juvenile Salmonid Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) acoustic transmitter is the smallest active acoustic tag currently available. The goal of this study was to determine whether fish tagged with the JSATS acoustic-telemetry tag can provide unbiased estimates of passage behavior and survival within the performance life of the tag. We conducted both field and laboratory studies to assess tag effects. For the field evaluation we released a total of 996 acoustic-tagged fish in conjunction with 21,026 PIT-tagged fish into the tailrace of Lower Granite Dam on 6 and 13 May. Travel times between release and downstream dams were not significantly different for the majority of the reaches between acoustic-tagged and PIT-tagged fish. In addition to the field evaluation, a series of laboratory experiments were conducted to determine if growth and survival of juvenile Chinook salmon surgically implanted with acoustic transmitters is different than untagged or PIT tagged juvenile Chinook salmon. Only yearling fish with integrated and non-integrated transmitters experienced mortalities, and these were low (<4.5%). Mortality among sub-yearling control and PIT-tag treatments ranged up to 7.7% while integrated and non-integrated treatments had slightly higher rates (up to 8.3% and 7.9% respectively). No acoustic transmitters were shed by yearling fish during the course of the 90 day study. Up to 7.8% of subyearling fish expelled transmitters. Tags were expelled from 5 to 63 days post-surgery. The average time to expulsion was 27 days; few fish expelled transmitters within 14 days of implantation or less. Histological results suggest that inflammation associated with implantation of an acoustic transmitter can produce fibrous tissue which can invade and possibly damage internal organs soon after implantation. Reactions severe enough to damage organs however, were limited to only ~20% of subyearling Chinook salmon, all of which were under 101mm and 12g at tagging. The infiltration of the fibrous tissue into organs was observed most often in fish held for 21 days and appeared to decrease in subsequent holding times.

  6. Operational feasibility of underwater Stirling engine systems using oxygen-seawater extraction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Potter, I.J.; Reader, G.T. [Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The exploration of the oceans whether for societal, commercial, scientific or military reasons requires efficient and cost effective underwater vehicles. In turn, these vessels require efficient means of producing on board power for the propulsion and hotel load requirements of long endurance missions. The Stirling engine, because of its inherent closed-cycle operation, has long been an attractive candidate for underwater use and now has proved its reliability and maintainability in the arduous environment of a naval submarine application. More recently the Stirling has been considered for use in small long endurance unmanned underwater vessels (UUVs). However, with these type of vehicles the need to carry an on board oxygen supply in a very confined space has presented a number of design problems. The concept of using multi-stage vehicles with disposable energy pods has been explored and appears attractive although a major change in submarine design philosophy will be required if such vehicles are to launched from submarines. Another approach is to use a more space efficient source of oxygen. As seawater contains dissolved oxygen then if this source could be utilized to meet all or at least part of the engine`s need than a major design problem could be overcome. In this paper the findings of an initial study into the use of membranes or artificial gill techniques to provide oxygen for a Stirling powered DARPA type vehicle are presented. It has been found that only in certain sea areas is the concept of oxygen extraction feasible for use with power systems. Even in situations where there are sufficient levels of dissolved oxygen the gill system approach appears to have limited utility for UUV applications and a number of practical problems still need to be addressed.

  7. Surface acoustic wave dust deposition monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fasching, G.E.; Smith, N.S. Jr.

    1988-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A system is disclosed for using the attenuation of surface acoustic waves to monitor real time dust deposition rates on surfaces. The system includes a signal generator, a tone-burst generator/amplifier connected to a transmitting transducer for converting electrical signals into acoustic waves. These waves are transmitted through a path defining means adjacent to a layer of dust and then, in turn, transmitted to a receiving transducer for changing the attenuated acoustic wave to electrical signals. The signals representing the attenuated acoustic waves may be amplified and used in a means for analyzing the output signals to produce an output indicative of the dust deposition rates and/or values of dust in the layer. 8 figs.

  8. An optimal consensus tracking control algorithm for autonomous underwater vehicles with disturbances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jian Yuan Wen-Xia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The optimal disturbance rejection control problem is considered for consensus tracking systems affected by external persistent disturbances and noise. Optimal estimated values of system states are obtained by recursive filtering for the multiple autonomous underwater vehicles modeled to multi-agent systems with Kalman filter. Then the feedforward-feedback optimal control law is deduced by solving the Riccati equations and matrix equations. The existence and uniqueness condition of feedforward-feedback optimal control law is proposed and the optimal control law algorithm is carried out. Lastly, simulations show the result is effectiveness with respect to external persistent disturbances and noise.

  9. BUILDING UNDERWATER AD-HOC NETWORKS AND SENSOR NETWORKS FOR LARGE SCALE REAL-TIME AQUATIC APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Jun-Hong

    acoustic link capacity, are significantly different from ground-based mo- bile ad-hoc networks (MANET-disciplinary efforts of acoustic communication, signal pro- cessing and mobile acoustic network protocol design. I investigations, e.g., for marine incidents (especially involved with chemi- cal pollution and oil spill

  10. Tunable damper for an acoustic wave guide

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rogers, S.C.

    1982-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A damper for tunably damping acoustic waves in an ultrasonic waveguide is provided which may be used in a hostile environment such as a nuclear reactor. The area of the waveguide, which may be a selected size metal rod in which acoustic waves are to be damped, is wrapped, or surrounded, by a mass of stainless steel wool. The wool wrapped portion is then sandwiched between tuning plates, which may also be stainless steel, by means of clamping screws which may be adjusted to change the clamping force of the sandwiched assembly along the waveguide section. The plates are preformed along their length in a sinusoidally bent pattern with a period approximately equal to the acoustic wavelength which is to be damped. The bent pattern of the opposing plates are in phase along their length relative to their sinusoidal patterns so that as the clamping screws are tightened a bending stress is applied to the waveguide at 180/sup 0/ intervals along the damping section to oppose the acoustic wave motions in the waveguide and provide good coupling of the wool to the guide. The damper is tuned by selectively tightening the clamping screws while monitoring the amplitude of the acoustic waves launched in the waveguide. It may be selectively tuned to damp particular acoustic wave modes (torsional or extensional, for example) and/or frequencies while allowing others to pass unattenuated.

  11. Magneto acoustical emission in nanocrystalline Mn–Zn ferrites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Praveena, K., E-mail: praveenaou@gmail.com [Materials Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Department of Physics, Osmania University, Hyderabad 500007 (India); Murthty, S.R. [Department of Physics, Osmania University, Hyderabad 500007 (India)

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: Mn{sub 0.4}Zn{sub 0.6}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} powders were prepared by microwave hydrothermal method. The powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscope. The powders were sintered at different temperatures 400, 500, 600, 700, 800 and 900 °C/30 min using microwave sintering method. The grain size was estimated by scanning electron microscope. The room temperature dielectric and magnetic properties were studied in the frequency range (100 kHz–1.8 GHz). The magnetization properties were measured upto 1.5 T. The acoustic emission has been measured along the hysteresis loops from 80 K to Curie temperature. It is found that the magneto-acoustic emission (MAE) activity along hysteresis loop is proportional to the hysteresis losses during the same loop. This law has been verified on series of polycrystalline ferrites and found that the law is valid whatever the composition, the grain size and temperature. It is also found that the domain wall creation/or annihilation processes are the origin of the MAE. - Highlights: • The AE been measured along the hysteresis loops from 80 K to Curie temperature. • The MAE activity along hysteresis loop is proportional to P{sub h} during the same loop. • It is found that the domain wall creation/or annihilation processes are the origin of the MAE. - Abstract: Mn{sub 0.4}Zn{sub 0.6}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} powders were prepared by microwave hydrothermal method. The powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscope. The powders were sintered at different temperatures 400, 500, 600, 700, 800 and 900 °C/30 min using microwave sintering method. The grain size was estimated by scanning electron microscope. The room temperature dielectric and magnetic properties were studied in the frequency range (100 kHz–1.8 GHz). The magnetization properties were measured upto 1.5 T. The acoustic emission has been measured along the hysteresis loops from 80 K to Curie temperature. It is found that the magneto-acoustic emission (MAE) activity along hysteresis loop is proportional to the hysteresis losses during the same loop. This law has been verified on series of polycrystalline ferrites and found that the law is valid whatever the composition, the grain size and temperature. It is also found that the domain wall creation/or annihilation processes are the origin of the MAE.

  12. Apparatus for separating particles utilizing engineered acoustic contrast capture particles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kaduchak, Gregory; Ward, Michael D

    2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus for separating particles from a medium includes a capillary defining a flow path therein that is in fluid communication with a medium source. The medium source includes engineered acoustic contrast capture particle having a predetermined acoustic contrast. The apparatus includes a vibration generator that is operable to produce at least one acoustic field within the flow path. The acoustic field produces a force potential minima for positive acoustic contrast particles and a force potential minima for negative acoustic contrast particles in the flow path and drives the engineered acoustic contrast capture particles to either the force potential minima for positive acoustic contrast particles or the force potential minima for negative acoustic contrast particles.

  13. Apparatus for separating particles utilizing engineered acoustic contrast capture particles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kaduchak, Gregory (Los Alamos, NM); Ward, Michael D. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus for separating particles from a medium includes a capillary defining a flow path therein that is in fluid communication with a medium source. The medium source includes engineered acoustic contrast capture particle having a predetermined acoustic contrast. The apparatus includes a vibration generator that is operable to produce at least one acoustic field within the flow path. The acoustic field produces a force potential minima for positive acoustic contrast particles and a force potential minima for negative acoustic contrast particles in the flow path and drives the engineered acoustic contrast capture particles to either the force potential minima for positive acoustic contrast particles or the force potential minima for negative acoustic contrast particles.

  14. L.L.Thompson: Finite element methods for acoustics, Preprint: J.Acoust.Soc.Am. A review of finite element methods for time-harmonic acoustics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Lonny L.

    L.L.Thompson: Finite element methods for acoustics, Preprint: J.Acoust.Soc.Am. A review of finite element methods for time-harmonic acoustics Lonny L. Thompson Department of Mechanical Engineering, Clemson University Clemson, South Carolina, 29634-0921, USA Email: lonny.thompson@ces.clemson.edu (Dated

  15. Application of background-oriented schlieren (BOS) technique to a laser-induced underwater shock wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Shota; Kameda, Masaharu

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We build an ultra-high-speed imaging system based on the background-oriented schlieren (BOS) technique in order to capture a laser-induced underwater shock wave. This BOS technique is able to provide two-dimensional density-gradient field of fluid and requires a simple setup. The imaging system consists of an ultra-high speed video camera, a laser stroboscope, and a patterned background. This system takes images every 0.2 $\\mu$s. Furthermore, since the density change of water disturbed by the shock is exceedingly small, the system has high spatial resolution $\\sim$ 10 $\\mu$m/pixel. Using this BOS system, we examine temporal position of a shock wave. The position agrees well with that measured by conventional shadowgraph, which indicates that the high-speed imaging system can successfully capture the instantaneous position of the underwater shock wave that propagates with the speed of about 1500 m/s. The local density gradient can be determined up to $O$(10$^3$ kg/m$^4$), which is confirmed by the gradient est...

  16. Synthesis of anisotropic swirling surface acoustic waves by inverse filter, towards integrated generators of acoustical vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riaud, Antoine; Charron, Eric; Bussonnière, Adrien; Matar, Olivier Bou

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From radio-electronics signal analysis to biological samples actuation, surface acoustic waves (SAW) are involved in a multitude of modern devices. Despite this versatility, SAW transducers developed up to date only authorize the synthesis of the most simple standing or progressive waves such as plane and focused waves. In particular, acoustical integrated sources able to generate acoustical vortices (the analogue of optical vortices) are missing. In this work, we propose a flexible tool based on inverse filter technique and arrays of SAW transducers enabling the synthesis of prescribed complex wave patterns at the surface of anisotropic media. The potential of this setup is illustrated by the synthesis of a 2D analog of 3D acoustical vortices, namely "swirling surface acoustic waves". Similarly to their 3D counterpart, they appear as concentric structures of bright rings with a phase singularity in their center resulting in a central dark spot. Swirling SAW can be useful in fragile sensors whose neighborhood...

  17. Method and apparatus of spectro-acoustically enhanced ultrasonic detection for diagnostics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN); Norton, Stephen J. (Raleigh, NC)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus for detecting a discontinuity in a material includes a source of electromagnetic radiation has a wavelength and an intensity sufficient to induce an enhancement in contrast between a manifestation of an acoustic property in the material and of the acoustic property in the discontinuity, as compared to when the material is not irradiated by the electromagnetic radiation. An acoustic emitter directs acoustic waves to the discontinuity in the material. The acoustic waves have a sensitivity to the acoustic property. An acoustic receiver receives the acoustic waves generated by the acoustic emitter after the acoustic waves have interacted with the material and the discontinuity. The acoustic receiver also generates a signal representative of the acoustic waves received by the acoustic receiver. A processor, in communication with the acoustic receiver and responsive to the signal generated by the acoustic receiver, is programmed to generate informational output about the discontinuity based on the signal generated by the acoustic receiver.

  18. Micromachined Optical and Acoustic Waveguide Systems for Advance Sensing and Imaging Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Cheng-Chung

    2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    it possible to utilize single-crystalline silicon as a structural material for acoustic wave propagation. It enables the development of high-performance integrated acoustic circuits and allows direct acoustic signal processing and control. The acoustic...

  19. Micromachined Optical and Acoustic Waveguide Systems for Advance Sensing and Imaging Applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Cheng-Chung

    2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    it possible to utilize single-crystalline silicon as a structural material for acoustic wave propagation. It enables the development of high-performance integrated acoustic circuits and allows direct acoustic signal processing and control. The acoustic...

  20. SOLAR-POWERED AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE DEVELOPMENT James Jalbert, John Baker, John Duchesney, Paul Pietryka, William Dalton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    batteries daily using solar panels to convert solar energy to electrical energy. #12;· Operate at depthsSOLAR-POWERED AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE DEVELOPMENT James Jalbert, John Baker, John Duchesney in such applications. The concept of a vehicle that would allow on-station recharging of batteries, using solar cells

  1. A Bottom-Up Approach to Verification of Hybrid Model-Based Hierarchical Controllers with application to Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Ratnesh

    A Bottom-Up Approach to Verification of Hybrid Model-Based Hierarchical Controllers with application to Underwater Vehicles M. O'Connor, S. Tangirala, R. Kumar, S. Bhattacharyya, M. Sznaier and L.E. Holloway Abstract -- We present a systematic method of verification for a hierarchical hybrid system

  2. Intelligent front-end sample preparation tool using acoustic streaming.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooley, Erika J.; McClain, Jaime L.; Murton, Jaclyn K.; Edwards, Thayne L.; Achyuthan, Komandoor E.; Branch, Darren W.; Clem, Paul Gilbert; Anderson, John Mueller; James, Conrad D.; Smith, Gennifer; Kotulski, Joseph Daniel

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have successfully developed a nucleic acid extraction system based on a microacoustic lysis array coupled to an integrated nucleic acid extraction system all on a single cartridge. The microacoustic lysing array is based on 36{sup o} Y cut lithium niobate, which couples bulk acoustic waves (BAW) into the microchannels. The microchannels were fabricated using Mylar laminates and fused silica to form acoustic-fluidic interface cartridges. The transducer array consists of four active elements directed for cell lysis and one optional BAW element for mixing on the cartridge. The lysis system was modeled using one dimensional (1D) transmission line and two dimensional (2D) FEM models. For input powers required to lyse cells, the flow rate dictated the temperature change across the lysing region. From the computational models, a flow rate of 10 {micro}L/min produced a temperature rise of 23.2 C and only 6.7 C when flowing at 60 {micro}L/min. The measured temperature changes were 5 C less than the model. The computational models also permitted optimization of the acoustic coupling to the microchannel region and revealed the potential impact of thermal effects if not controlled. Using E. coli, we achieved a lysing efficacy of 49.9 {+-} 29.92 % based on a cell viability assay with a 757.2 % increase in ATP release within 20 seconds of acoustic exposure. A bench-top lysing system required 15-20 minutes operating up to 58 Watts to achieve the same level of cell lysis. We demonstrate that active mixing on the cartridge was critical to maximize binding and release of nucleic acid to the magnetic beads. Using a sol-gel silica bead matrix filled microchannel the extraction efficacy was 40%. The cartridge based magnetic bead system had an extraction efficiency of 19.2%. For an electric field based method that used Nafion films, a nucleic acid extraction efficiency of 66.3 % was achieved at 6 volts DC. For the flow rates we tested (10-50 {micro}L/min), the nucleic acid extraction time was 5-10 minutes for a volume of 50 {micro}L. Moreover, a unique feature of this technology is the ability to replace the cartridges for subsequent nucleic acid extractions.

  3. Dual excitation acoustic paramagnetic logging tool

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vail, III, William B. (Bothell, WA)

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New methods and apparatus are disclosed which allow measurement of the presence of oil and water in gelogical formations using a new physical effect called the Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Effect (APLE). The presence of petroleum in formation causes a slight increase in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the reservoir. This is the phenomena of paramagnetism. Application of an acoustic source to a geological formation at the Larmor frequency of the nucleous present causes the paramagnetism of the formation to disappear. This results in a decrease in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the oil bearing formation. Repetitively frequency sweeping the acoustic source through the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present (approx. 2 kHz) causes an amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field which is a consequence of the APLE. The amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field is measured with an induction coil gradiometer and provides a direct measure of the amount of oil and water in the excitation zone of the formation. The phase of the signal is used to infer the longitudinal relaxation times of the fluids present, which results in the ability in general to separate oil and water and to measure the viscosity of the oil present. Such measurements may be preformed in open boreholes and in cased well bores. The Dual Excitation Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Tool employing two acoustic sources is also described.

  4. Dual excitation acoustic paramagnetic logging tool

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vail, W.B. III.

    1989-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    New methods and apparatus are disclosed which allow measurement of the presence of oil and water in geological formations using a new physical effect called the Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Effect (APLE). The presence of petroleum in formation causes a slight increase in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the reservoir. This is the phenomena of paramagnetism. Application of an acoustic source to a geological formation at the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present causes the paramagnetism of the formation to disappear. This results in a decrease in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the oil bearing formation. Repetitively frequency sweeping the acoustic source through the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present (approx. 2 kHz) causes an amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field which is a consequence of the APLE. The amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field is measured with an induction coil gradiometer and provides a direct measure of the amount of oil and water in the excitation zone of the formation. The phase of the signal is used to infer the longitudinal relaxation times of the fluids present, which results in the ability in general to separate oil and water and to measure the viscosity of the oil present. Such measurements may be performed in open boreholes and in cased well bores. The Dual Excitation Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Tool employing two acoustic sources is also described. 6 figs.

  5. Laser and acoustic lens for lithotripsy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Visuri, Steven R. (Livermore, CA); Makarewicz, Anthony J. (San Ramon, CA); London, Richard A. (Orinda, CA); Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA); Krulevitch, Peter (Pleasanton, CA); Da Silva, Luiz B. (Pleasanton, CA)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An acoustic focusing device whose acoustic waves are generated by laser radiation through an optical fiber. The acoustic energy is capable of efficient destruction of renal and biliary calculi and deliverable to the site of the calculi via an endoscopic procedure. The device includes a transducer tip attached to the distal end of an optical fiber through which laser energy is directed. The transducer tip encapsulates an exogenous absorbing dye. Under proper irradiation conditions (high absorbed energy density, short pulse duration) a stress wave is produced via thermoelastic expansion of the absorber for the destruction of the calculi. The transducer tip can be configured into an acoustic lens such that the transmitted acoustic wave is shaped or focused. Also, compressive stress waves can be reflected off a high density/low density interface to invert the compressive wave into a tensile stress wave, and tensile stresses may be more effective in some instances in disrupting material as most materials are weaker in tension than compression. Estimations indicate that stress amplitudes provided by this device can be magnified more than 100 times, greatly improving the efficiency of optical energy for targeted material destruction.

  6. ACOUSTIC WAVE TRAPPING IN ONE-DIMENSIONAL AXISYMMETRIC ARRAYS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Introduction Acoustic resonances are readily observed in axial flow compressors and this has led to many that both the acoustic and the water-wave channel problems reduced to the determination of the eigenvalues

  7. Acoustic clouds: standing sound waves around a black hole analogue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carolina L. Benone; Luis C. B. Crispino; Carlos Herdeiro; Eugen Radu

    2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Under certain conditions sound waves in fluids experience an acoustic horizon with analogue properties to those of a black hole event horizon. In particular, a draining bathtub-like model can give rise to a rotating acoustic horizon and hence a rotating black hole (acoustic) analogue. We show that sound waves, when enclosed in a cylindrical cavity, can form stationary waves around such rotating acoustic black holes. These acoustic perturbations display similar properties to the scalar clouds that have been studied around Kerr and Kerr-Newman black holes; thus they are dubbed acoustic clouds. We make the comparison between scalar clouds around Kerr black holes and acoustic clouds around the draining bathtub explicit by studying also the properties of scalar clouds around Kerr black holes enclosed in a cavity. Acoustic clouds suggest the possibility of testing, experimentally, the existence and properties of black hole clouds, using analog models.

  8. Acoustic clouds: standing sound waves around a black hole analogue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benone, Carolina L; Herdeiro, Carlos; Radu, Eugen

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under certain conditions sound waves in fluids experience an acoustic horizon with analogue properties to those of a black hole event horizon. In particular, a draining bathtub-like model can give rise to a rotating acoustic horizon and hence a rotating black hole (acoustic) analogue. We show that sound waves, when enclosed in a cylindrical cavity, can form stationary waves around such rotating acoustic black holes. These acoustic perturbations display similar properties to the scalar clouds that have been studied around Kerr and Kerr-Newman black holes; thus they are dubbed acoustic clouds. We make the comparison between scalar clouds around Kerr black holes and acoustic clouds around the draining bathtub explicit by studying also the properties of scalar clouds around Kerr black holes enclosed in a cavity. Acoustic clouds suggest the possibility of testing, experimentally, the existence and properties of black hole clouds, using analog models.

  9. Acoustic characteristics of bay bottom sediments in Lavaca Bay, TX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patch, Mary Catherine

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    acoustic return of the bay bottom, and 2) strong, shallow reflectors??surface strong, mounds, buried strong, andburied multiples, which describe strong acoustic returns in the upper 5 m of stratigraphy. Within the lower package, four categories were...

  10. acoustic wave equation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    media Josselin Garnier in acoustics4,34 , and also in other domains, such as seismic wave propagation7,8,35 . Experimental observations show that the attenuation of acoustic waves...

  11. Acoustic measurement of the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well flow rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camilli, Richard

    On May 31, 2010, a direct acoustic measurement method was used to quantify fluid leakage rate from the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well prior to removal of its broken riser. This method utilized an acoustic imaging sonar and ...

  12. Methods and apparatus for multi-parameter acoustic signature inspection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Diaz, Aaron A. (Richland, WA); Samuel, Todd J. (Pasco, WA); Valencia, Juan D. (Kennewick, WA); Gervais, Kevin L. (Richland, WA); Tucker, Brian J. (Pasco, WA); Kirihara, Leslie J. (Richland, WA); Skorpik, James R. (Kennewick, WA); Reid, Larry D. (Benton City, WA); Munley, John T. (Benton City, WA); Pappas, Richard A. (Richland, WA); Wright, Bob W. (West Richland, WA); Panetta, Paul D. (Richland, WA); Thompson, Jason S. (Richland, WA)

    2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A multiparameter acoustic signature inspection device and method are described for non-invasive inspection of containers. Dual acoustic signatures discriminate between various fluids and materials for identification of the same.

  13. Hybrid percussion : extending physical instruments using sampled acoustics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aimi, Roberto Mario, 1973-

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents a system architecture for creating hybrid digital-acoustic percussion instruments by combining extensions of existing signal processing techniques with specially-designed semi-acoustic physical ...

  14. Acoustic and Seismic Modalities for Unattended Ground Sensors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elbring, G.J.; Ladd, M.D.; McDonald, T.S.; Sleefe, G.E.

    1999-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we have presented the relative advantages and complementary aspects of acoustic and seismic ground sensors. A detailed description of both acoustic and seismic ground sensing methods has been provided. Acoustic and seismic phenomenology including source mechanisms, propagation paths, attenuation, and sensing have been discussed in detail. The effects of seismo-acoustic and acousto-seismic interactions as well as recommendations for minimizing seismic/acoustic cross talk have been highlighted. We have shown representative acoustic and seismic ground sensor data to illustrate the advantages and complementary aspects of the two modalities. The data illustrate that seismic transducers often respond to acoustic excitation through acousto-seismic coupling. Based on these results, we discussed the implications of this phenomenology on the detection, identification, and localization objectives of unattended ground sensors. We have concluded with a methodology for selecting the preferred modality (acoustic and/or seismic) for a particular application.

  15. Ultrafast photo-acoustic spectroscopy of super-cooled liquids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klieber, Christoph

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Picosecond laser ultrasonic techniques for acoustic wave generation and detection were adapted to probe longitudinal and transverse acoustic waves in liquids at gigahertz frequencies. The experimental effort was designed ...

  16. Anisotropic Complementary Acoustic Metamaterial for Canceling out Aberrating Layers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Chen

    In this paper, we investigate a type of anisotropic, acoustic complementary metamaterial (CMM) and its application in restoring acoustic fields distorted by aberrating layers. The proposed quasi two-dimensional (2D), ...

  17. 13.811 Advanced Structural Dynamics and Acoustics, Spring 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Henrik

    Foundations of 3D elasticity. Fluid and elastic wave equations. Elastic and plastic waves in rods and beams. Waves in plates. Interaction with an acoustic fluid. Dynamics and acoustics of cylindrical shells. Radiation and ...

  18. acoustical response: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 10 Sources of Wind Turbine Sound Massachusetts at Amherst, University of 195 Acoustic Laptops as a research...

  19. Oscillatory Flame Response in Acoustically Coupled Fuel Droplet Combustion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sevilla Esparza, Cristhian Israel

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    acoustic excitation. The thermoacoustic instability fosteredgain motivation from thermoacoustic phenomena pervasive into the quantification of thermoacoustic instabil- ity in an

  20. An experimental and theoretical acoustic investigation of single disc propellers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bumann, Elizabeth Ann

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    performance strip analysis which utilized a NACA 4-digit series airfoil data bank to calculate the lift and drag for each blade segment given the shape and motion of the propeller. A RPM range between 3500 and 7000 RPM in 250 increments was used for each... ACOUSTIC PREDICTION TECHNIQUES . . 4 Gutin Garrick and Watkins Lighthill's Acoustic Analogy Ffowcs - Williams and Hawkings Farassat Ha. nson Woan and Gregorek . 8 10 11 III ACOUSTIC COMPACT SOURCE THEOR'I Blade Element Theory Acoustic...

  1. Monitoring underwater sensors with an amphibious robot Andrew Speers, Anna Topol, James Zacher, Robert Codd-Downey, Bart Verzijlenberg, Michael Jenkin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jenkin, Michael R. M.

    Monitoring underwater sensors with an amphibious robot Andrew Speers, Anna Topol, James Zacher, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M3J 1P3 (speers, topol, zacher, robert, bartv, jenkin)@cse.yorku.ca Abstract

  2. A new acoustic three dimensional intensity and energy density probe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    A new acoustic three dimensional intensity and energy density probe F. Aymea , C. Carioub , M is a great advantage. In this frame, a new intensity acoustic probe has been developed to compute acoustic quantities which can be input data for energetic identification methods. 1 Introduction Noise matters

  3. Offices and dwellings: what building acoustics for sustainable development?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Offices and dwellings: what building acoustics for sustainable development? M. Asselineau, A.asselineau@peutz.fr Proceedings of the Acoustics 2012 Nantes Conference 23-27 April 2012, Nantes, France 3211 #12;Sustainability for sustainable projects as defined in the French standards, one specifically deals with acoustic comfort. Over

  4. Ion acoustic shock waves in degenerate plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akhtar, N. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, PINSTECH, Nilore, Islamabad 44000 Pakistan (Pakistan); Hussain, S. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, PINSTECH, Nilore, Islamabad 44000 Pakistan (Pakistan); Department of Physics and Applied Mathematics, PIEAS, Nilore, Islamabad 44000 Pakistan (Pakistan)

    2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Korteweg de Vries Burgers equation for negative ion degenerate dissipative plasma has been derived using reductive perturbation technique. The quantum hydrodynamic model is used to study the quantum ion acoustic shock waves. The effects of different parameters on quantum ion acoustic shock waves are studied. It is found that quantum parameter, electrons Fermi temperature, temperature of positive and negative ions, mass ratio of positive to negative ions, viscosity, and density ratio have significant impact on the shock wave structure in negative ion degenerate plasma.

  5. Linear phase distribution of acoustical vortices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, Lu; Zheng, Haixiang [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics of Jiangsu Province, School of Physics Science and Technology, Nanjing Normal University, 1 Wenyuan Road, Xianlin District, Nanjing 210023 (China); Ma, Qingyu, E-mail: maqingyu@njnu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics of Jiangsu Province, School of Physics Science and Technology, Nanjing Normal University, 1 Wenyuan Road, Xianlin District, Nanjing 210023 (China); Laboratory of Modern Acoustics of MOE, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Tu, Juan; Zhang, Dong [Laboratory of Modern Acoustics of MOE, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

    2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Linear phase distribution of phase-coded acoustical vortices was theoretically investigated based on the radiation theory of point source, and then confirmed by experimental measurements. With the proposed criterion of positive phase slope, the possibility of constructing linear circular phase distributions is demonstrated to be determined by source parameters. Improved phase linearity can be achieved at larger source number, lower frequency, smaller vortex radius, and/or longer axial distance. Good agreements are observed between numerical simulations and measurement results for circular phase distributions. The favorable results confirm the feasibility of precise phase control for acoustical vortices and suggest potential applications in particle manipulation.

  6. Acoustic probing of salt using sonar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Kenneth Bryan

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , glycerine, and s1li cone oil provi ded satisfactory performance. In spite of these results, Gupta did not develop a workable means of us1ng 11quid coupl1ng media under mine condit1ons. In his field tests, Gupta used dental impression plaster (a coupling... acoustic pulses which are coupled 1nto the salt via a castor oil coupling medium. The acoustic source signa'i is a square-enveloped pulse of compress1onal waves; a pulse duration of e1ther 0. 3 ms or 1. 1 ms is used. The ranges to discontinuities...

  7. Acoustic microscope surface inspection system and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Khuri-Yakub, B.T.; Parent, P.; Reinholdtsen, P.A.

    1991-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    An acoustic microscope surface inspection system and method are described in which pulses of high frequency electrical energy are applied to a transducer which forms and focuses acoustic energy onto a selected location on the surface of an object and receives energy from the location and generates electrical pulses. The phase of the high frequency electrical signal pulses are stepped with respect to the phase of a reference signal at said location. An output signal is generated which is indicative of the surface of said selected location. The object is scanned to provide output signals representative of the surface at a plurality of surface locations. 7 figures.

  8. The potential pyrophoricity of BMI-SPEC and aluminum plate spent fuels retrieved from underwater storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebner, M.A.

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Physical/chemical factors in U metal and hydride combustion, particularly pyrophoricity in ambient environment, were evaluated for BMI-SPEC and UAl{sub x} plate fuels. Some metal fuels may be highly reactive (spontaneously igniting in air) due to high specific surface area, high decay heat, or a high U hydride content from corrosion during underwater storage. However, for the BMI-SPEC and the aluminum plate fuels, this reactivity is too low to present a realistic threat of uncontrolled spontaneous combustion at ambient conditions. While residual U hydride is expected in these corroded fuels, the hydride levels are expected to be too low and the configuration too unfavorable to ignite the fuel meat when the fuels are retrieved from the basin and dried. Furthermore the composition and microstructure of the UAl{sub x} fuels further mitigate that risk.

  9. Technical note Insertion loss testing of active noise reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Willy

    Technical note Insertion loss testing of active noise reduction headsets using acoustic fixture Jie. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, 10 King's College Road, Toronto, ON measured insertion losses of four types of commercially avail- able ANR headsets using an Acoustic Test

  10. Non-Riemannian geometry of vortex acoustics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia de Andrade, L.C. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Sao Francisco Xavier 524, Maracana, 20550, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The concept of acoustic torsion is introduced by making use of the scalar wave equation in Riemann-Cartan spacetime. Acoustic torsion extends the acoustic metric previously given by Unruh (PRL-1981). The wave equation describes irrotational perturbations in rotational nonrelativistic fluids. This physical motivation allows us to show that the acoustic line element can be conformally mapped to the line element of a stationary torsion loop in non-Riemannian gravity. Two examples of such sonic analogues are given. The first is the stationary torsion loop in teleparallel gravity. In the far from the vortex approximation, the Cartan torsion vector is shown to be proportional to the quantum vortex number of the superfluid. The torsion vector is also shown to be proportional to the superfluid vorticity in the presence of vortices. The formation of superfluid vortices is shown not to be favored by torsion loops in Riemann-Cartan spacetime, as long as this model is concerned. It is suggested that the teleparallel model may help to find a model for superfluid neutron stars vortices based on non-Riemannian gravity.

  11. Ocean Climate Change: Comparison of Acoustic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frandsen, Jannette B.

    Ocean Climate Change: Comparison of Acoustic Tomography, Satellite Altimetry, and Modeling The ATOC to thermal expansion. Interpreting climate change signals from fluctuations in sea level is therefore in the advective heat flux. Changes in oceanic heat storage are a major expected element of future climate shifts

  12. Three-dimensional phenomena in microbubble acoustic streaming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marin, Alvaro; Rallabandi, Bhargav; Wang, Cheng; Hilgenfeldt, Sascha; Kähler, Christian J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ultrasound-driven oscillating micro-bubbles have been used as active actuators in microfluidic devices to perform manifold tasks such as mixing, sorting and manipulation of microparticles. A common configuration consists on side-bubbles, created by trapping air pockets in blind channels perpendicular to the main channel direction. This configuration consists of acoustically excited bubbles with a semi-cylindrical shape that generate significant streaming flow. Due to the geometry of the channels, such flows have been generally considered as quasi two-dimensional. Similar assumptions are often made in many other microfluidic systems based on \\emph{flat} micro-channels. However, in this paper we show that microparticle trajectories actually present a much richer behavior, with particularly strong out-of-plane dynamics in regions close to the microbubble interface. Using Astigmatism Particle Tracking Velocimetry, we reveal that the apparent planar streamlines are actually projections of a \\emph{streamsurface} wi...

  13. acoustic detection activities: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    - TxSpace Summary: position by locking the window to the carotid pulse and the ECG complex. The windows segmented the heart cycles into diastolic and systolic intervals....

  14. VBF: Vector-Based Forwarding Protocol for Underwater Sensor Networks Peng Xie, Jun-Hong Cui, Li Lao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Jun-Hong

    important for various applications, such as oceanographic data collection, pollution detection, and marine latency in UWSNs. Acoustic channels (instead of RF channels) are used as the communication method since radio does not work well in water. The propagation speed of acoustic signals in water is about 1.5 Ã? 103

  15. Acoustic data transmission through a drillstring

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus for acoustically transmitting data along a drillstring is presented. In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, acoustic data signals are conditioned to counteract distortions caused by the drillstring. Preferably, this conditioning step comprises multiplying each frequency component of the data signal by exp (-ikL) where L is the transmission length of the drillstring, k is the wave number in the drillstring at the frequency of each component and i is (-1).sup.1/2. In another embodiment of this invention, data signals having a frequency content in at least one passband of the drillstring are generated preferably traveling in only one direction (e.g., up the drillstring) while echoes in the drillstring resulting from the data transmission are suppressed.

  16. Acoustic data transmission through a drillstring

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Drumheller, D.S.

    1992-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus for acoustically transmitting data along a drillstring are presented. In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, acoustic data signals are conditioned to counteract distortions caused by the drillstring. Preferably, this conditioning step comprises multiplying each frequency component of the data signal by exp ([minus]ikL) where L is the transmission length of the drillstring, k is the wave number in the drillstring at the frequency of each component and i is ([minus]1)[sup 1/2]. In another embodiment of this invention, data signals having a frequency content in at least one passband of the drillstring are generated preferably traveling in only one direction (e.g., up the drillstring) while echoes in the drillstring resulting from the data transmission are suppressed. 20 figs.

  17. Development of a geothermal acoustic borehole televiewer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heard, F.E.; Bauman, T.J.

    1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most geothermal wells are drilled in hard rock formations where fluid flow is through systems of open fractures. Productivity of these wells is usually determined by the extent of intersection of the wellbore with the fracture system. A need exists for fracture mapping methods and tools which can operate in a geothermal environment. In less hostile environments, the acoustic borehole televiewer has been shown to be a useful tool for determining location, orientation, and characterization of fractures as they intersect the borehole and for general wellbore and casing inspection. The development conducted at Sandia National Laboratories to adapt an acoustic borehole televiewer for operation in a geothermal environment is described. The modified instrument has been successfully tested at temperatures as high as 280/sup 0/C and pressures up to 5000 psi, and used successfully to map fractures and casing damage in geothermal wells.

  18. Pulse combusted acoustic agglomeration apparatus and process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mansour, Momtaz N. (Columbia, MD)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved apparatus and process for removal of particulates entrained in a gas stream are provided. The removal process employs a pulse combustor to provide an acoustic pressure wave to acoustically enhance bimodal agglomeration of particulates which may be collected and removed using a conventional separation apparatus. A particulate having a size different from the size of the particulate in the gas stream to be cleaned is introduced into the system to effectuate the bimodal process. The apparatus may be employed as a direct fired system for improved operation of gas-operated equipment such as a gas turbine, or may, alternatively, be employed as an add-on subsystem for combustion exhaust clean-up. Additionally, the added particulate may be a sorbent for effecting sorption of other contaminants such as sulfur. Various other particulates for contaminant removal may also be introduced into the system as exemplified by alkali-gettering agents.

  19. Pulse combusted acoustic agglomeration apparatus and process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mansour, Momtaz N. (Columbia, MD); Chandran, Ravi (Ellicott City, MD)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved apparatus and process for removal of particulates entrained in a gas stream are provided. The removal process employs a pulse combustor to provide an acoustic pressure wave to acoustically enhance agglomeration of particulates which may be collected and removed using a conventional separation apparatus. The apparatus may be employed as a direct fired system for improved operation of gas-operated equipment such as a gas turbine, or may, alternatively, be employed as an add-on subsystem for combustion exhaust clean-up. Additionally, added particulates may include a sorbent for effecting sorption of other contaminants such as sulfur. Various other particulates for contaminant removal may also be introduced into the system as exemplified by alkali-gettering agents.

  20. Electromagnetic effects on geodesic acoustic modes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bashir, M. F., E-mail: frazbashir@yahoo.com [Salam Chair in Physics, G. C. University Lahore, Katchery Road, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Department of Physics, G. C. University Lahore, Katchery Road, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Smolyakov, A. I. [University of Saskatchewan, 116 Science Place, Saskatoon S7N 5E2 (Canada); Institute of Tokamak Physics, NRC “Kurchatov Institute,” 123182 Moscow (Russian Federation); Elfimov, A. G. [Institute of Physics, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-090 (Brazil); Melnikov, A. V. [Institute of Tokamak Physics, NRC “Kurchatov Institute,” 123182 Moscow (Russian Federation); National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, 115409, Moscow (Russian Federation); Murtaza, G. [Visiting Professor, Department of Physics, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad (Pakistan)

    2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    By using the full electromagnetic drift kinetic equations for electrons and ions, the general dispersion relation for geodesic acoustic modes (GAMs) is derived incorporating the electromagnetic effects. It is shown that m?=?1 harmonic of the GAM mode has a finite electromagnetic component. The electromagnetic corrections appear for finite values of the radial wave numbers and modify the GAM frequency. The effects of plasma pressure ?{sub e}, the safety factor q, and the temperature ratio ? on GAM dispersion are analyzed.

  1. Acoustic resonance spectroscopy in nuclear safeguards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olinger, C.T.; Lyon, M.J.; Stanbro, W.D.; Mullen, M.F.; Sinha, D.N.

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Objects resonate at specific frequencies when mechanically excited. The specific resonance frequencies are a function of shape, size, material of construction, and contents of the object. This paper discusses the use of acoustic resonance spectroscopy (ARS) to monitor containers and detect tampering. Evaluation of this technique is based on simulated storage simulations. Although these simulations show promise for this application of ARS, final evaluation will require actual field testing.

  2. Acoustic resonance spectroscopy in nuclear safeguards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olinger, C.T.; Lyon, M.J.; Stanbro, W.D.; Mullen, M.F.; Sinha, D.N. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Objects resonate at specific frequencies when mechanically excited. The specific resonance frequencies are a function of shape, size, material of construction, and contents of the object. This paper discusses the use of acoustic resonance spectroscopy (ARS) to monitor containers and detect tampering. Evaluation of this technique is based on simulated storage situations. Although these simulations show promise for this application of ARS, final evaluation will require actual field testing.

  3. Acoustic measurement of potato cannon velocity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Courtney, M; Courtney, Amy; Courtney, Michael

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article describes measurement of potato cannon velocity with a digitized microphone signal. A microphone is attached to the potato cannon muzzle and a potato is fired at an aluminum target about 10 m away. The potato's flight time can be determined from the acoustic waveform by subtracting the time in the barrel and time for sound to return from the target. The potato velocity is simply the flight distance divided by the flight time.

  4. The naval Research Laboratory has been actively involved in research in unmanned and autonomous systems since its opening in 1923. From one of the first unmanned

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    systems since its opening in 1923. From one of the first unmanned ground vehicles to the developmentThe naval Research Laboratory has been actively involved in research in unmanned and autonomous of more than 200 prototype air, ground, underwater, and space platforms, and from smart sensors to smart

  5. P. J. Antsaklis, "Intelligent Control for High Autonomy in Unmanned Underwater Vehicles," P r oceedings of t he N SF/ISR W orkshop o n ' Undersea R obotics a nd I ntelligent C ontrol ' , pp. 25-32, Lisboa, Portugal,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    P. J. Antsaklis, "Intelligent Control for High Autonomy in Unmanned Underwater Vehicles," P r in Unmanned Underwater Vehicles," P r oceedings of t he N SF/ISR W orkshop o n ' Undersea R obotics a nd I Control for High Autonomy in Unmanned Underwater Vehicles," P r oceedings of t he N SF/ISR W orkshop o n

  6. Observation of a single-beam gradient force acoustical trap for elastic particles: acoustical tweezers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baresch, Diego; Marchiano, Régis

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ability to manipulate matter precisely is critical for the study and development of a large variety of systems. Optical tweezers are excellent tools to handle particles ranging in size from a few micrometers to hundreds of nanometers but become inefficient and damaging on larger objects. We demonstrate for the first reported time the trapping of elastic particles by the large gradient force of a single acoustical beam in three dimensions. We show that at equal power, acoustical forces overtake by 8 orders of magnitude that of optical ones on macroscopic objects. Acoustical tweezers can push, pull and accurately control both the position of the particle and the forces exerted under damage-free conditions. The large spectrum of frequencies covered by coherent ultrasonic sources will provide a wide variety of manipulation possibilities from macro- to microscopic length scales. We believe our observations improve the prospects for wider use of non-contact manipulation in biology, biophysics, microfluidics and...

  7. Vibroacoustic launch analysis and alleviation of lightweight, active mirrors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohan, Lucy E.

    Lightweight, active, silicon carbide mirrors can increase the capability of space-based optical systems. However, launch survival is a serious concern for such systems, with the vibrations and acoustics from launch threatening ...

  8. Scanning acoustic microscopy for mapping the microstructure of soft materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. G. Parker; M. J. W. Povey

    2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Acoustics provides a powerful modality with which to 'see' the mechanical properties of a wide range of elastic materials. It is particularly adept at probing soft materials where excellent contrast and propagation distance can be achieved. We have constructed a scanning acoustic microscope capable of mapping the microstructure of such materials. We review the general principles of scanning acoustic microscopy and present new examples of its application in imaging biological matter, industrial materials and particulate systems.

  9. Electret Acoustic Transducer Array For Computerized Ultrasound Risk Evaluation System

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moore, Thomas L. (Livermore, CA); Fisher, Karl A. (Brentwood, CA)

    2005-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    An electret-based acoustic transducer array is provided and may be used in a system for examining tissue. The acoustic transducer array is formed with a substrate that has a multiple distinct cells formed therein. Within each of the distinct cells is positioned an acoustic transducing element formed of an electret material. A conductive membrane is formed over the distinct cells and may be flexible.

  10. P.J. Antsaklis, "Hybrid and Supervisory Control Systems in Autonomous Underwater Vehicles," First International Workshop on A utonomous U nderwater V ehicles f o r S hallow W aters a nd C oastal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    P.J. Antsaklis, "Hybrid and Supervisory Control Systems in Autonomous Underwater Vehicles," First, "Hybrid and Supervisory Control Systems in Autonomous Underwater Vehicles," First International Workshop , pp. 135-139, Lafayette, Louisiana, February 17-19, 1998. #12;P.J. Antsaklis, "Hybrid and Supervisory

  11. acoustical engineering: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    electricity Thermoacoustic Energy Conversion Waste or prime heat soundThermoacoustic Stirling Engine -- An acoustic amplifier: ambient heat exchanger (water) stacked Lee, Dongwon...

  12. acoustic field application: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    INVERSION FOR STATIC AND DYNAMIC CHARACTERIZATION OF A CO2 EOR PROJECT, POSTLE FIELD, OKLAHOMA by Alana Robinson 12;ii 12;iii ABSTRACT Seismic inversion for acoustic...

  13. Independent trapping and manipulation of microparticles using dexterous acoustic tweezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Courtney, Charles R. P., E-mail: c.r.p.courtney@bath.ac.uk [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bath, Bath (United Kingdom); Demore, Christine E. M.; Wu, Hongxiao; Cochran, Sandy [Institute of Medical Science and Technology, University of Dundee, Dundee (United Kingdom); Grinenko, Alon; Wilcox, Paul D.; Drinkwater, Bruce W. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bristol, Bristol (United Kingdom)

    2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    An electronically controlled acoustic tweezer was used to demonstrate two acoustic manipulation phenomena: superposition of Bessel functions to allow independent manipulation of multiple particles and the use of higher-order Bessel functions to trap particles in larger regions than is possible with first-order traps. The acoustic tweezers consist of a circular 64-element ultrasonic array operating at 2.35?MHz which generates ultrasonic pressure fields in a millimeter-scale fluid-filled chamber. The manipulation capabilities were demonstrated experimentally with 45 and 90-?m-diameter polystyrene spheres. These capabilities bring the dexterity of acoustic tweezers substantially closer to that of optical tweezers.

  14. acoustically driven microcentrifugation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The (more) Philips, Scott M., 1980- 2007-01-01 9 Microscale acoustofluidics: Microfluidics driven via acoustics and ultrasonics CiteSeer Summary: This article reviews...

  15. acoustic wave total: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Surface acoustic wave-based (SAW) microfluidics attracts attention from microfluidic research community due to its simple...

  16. Data Mining Applied to Acoustic Bird Species Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vilches, Erika; Escobar, Ivan A.; Vallejo, E E; Taylor, C E

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I. ; Frank, E. ; Data Mining: Practical Machine LearningData Mining Applied to Acoustic Bird Species Recognitionthe application of data mining techniques to the problem of

  17. acoustic wave secondary: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the deep ocean, they are refracted by inhomogeneities Tomsovic, Steve 10 Unidirectional propagation of designer surface acoustic waves CERN Preprints Summary: We propose an...

  18. acoustic sources numerical: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    solitons CERN Preprints Summary: Acoustic solitons can be obtained by considering the propagation of large amplitude sound waves across a set of Helmholtz resonators. The model...

  19. acoustic wave atomization: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of fluid and acoustic computations, hybrid methodologies still Kohlenbach, Ulrich 12 Propagation of atomic matter waves inside an atom wave guide Quantum Physics (arXiv)...

  20. acoustic wave chemical: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the deep ocean, they are refracted by inhomogeneities Tomsovic, Steve 11 Unidirectional propagation of designer surface acoustic waves CERN Preprints Summary: We propose an...

  1. acoustic wave monitoring: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the deep ocean, they are refracted by inhomogeneities Tomsovic, Steve 14 Unidirectional propagation of designer surface acoustic waves CERN Preprints Summary: We propose an...

  2. acoustic gravity waves: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the deep ocean, they are refracted by inhomogeneities Tomsovic, Steve 29 Unidirectional propagation of designer surface acoustic waves CERN Preprints Summary: We propose an...

  3. acoustic solitary waves: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    dust acoustic solitary waves in a dusty plasma CERN Preprints Summary: The excitation and propagation of finite amplitude low frequency solitary waves are investigated in an Argon...

  4. acoustic wave actuated: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the deep ocean, they are refracted by inhomogeneities Tomsovic, Steve 17 Unidirectional propagation of designer surface acoustic waves CERN Preprints Summary: We propose an...

  5. acoustic waves: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the deep ocean, they are refracted by inhomogeneities Tomsovic, Steve 9 Unidirectional propagation of designer surface acoustic waves CERN Preprints Summary: We propose an...

  6. acoustic wave induced: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    inside the drop. Brunet, P; Matar, O Bou; Zoueshtiagh, F 2010-01-01 5 Unidirectional propagation of designer surface acoustic waves CERN Preprints Summary: We propose an...

  7. acoustic phonon scattering: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    type of phononic crystals manufactured Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.10631.2167794 The propagation of acoustic waves in periodic composite Deymier, Pierre 19 Carrier and Phonon...

  8. acoustic wave sensing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the deep ocean, they are refracted by inhomogeneities Tomsovic, Steve 12 Unidirectional propagation of designer surface acoustic waves CERN Preprints Summary: We propose an...

  9. acoustic wave vapor: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the deep ocean, they are refracted by inhomogeneities Tomsovic, Steve 9 Unidirectional propagation of designer surface acoustic waves CERN Preprints Summary: We propose an...

  10. acoustic wave integrated: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the deep ocean, they are refracted by inhomogeneities Tomsovic, Steve 17 Unidirectional propagation of designer surface acoustic waves CERN Preprints Summary: We propose an...

  11. acoustic wave oxygen: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the deep ocean, they are refracted by inhomogeneities Tomsovic, Steve 9 Unidirectional propagation of designer surface acoustic waves CERN Preprints Summary: We propose an...

  12. acoustic wave biosensor: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the deep ocean, they are refracted by inhomogeneities Tomsovic, Steve 11 Unidirectional propagation of designer surface acoustic waves CERN Preprints Summary: We propose an...

  13. acoustic cavitation bubble: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    G. Simon; M. T. Levinsen 2002-09-11 204 Analytical and experimental investigations of gas turbine model combustor acoustics operated at atmospheric pressure Physics Websites...

  14. acoustic emission characterization: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  15. acoustic emission weld: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  16. acoustic emission characteristics: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  17. acoustic emission tests: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  18. acoustic emission analysis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  19. acoustic experience shapes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  20. acoustic emission study: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  1. acoustic emission signal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  2. alloy acoustic emission: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  3. acoustic emission studies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  4. acoustic propagation experiment: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  5. acoustic emission sensors: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  6. acoustic emission spectroscopy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  7. acoustic emission monitoring: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  8. acoustic emission sensor: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  9. acoustic emissions: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  10. acoustic emission signals: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  11. acoustic emission parameters: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  12. acoustic emission: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  13. acoustic emission testing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  14. acoustic emission techniques: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  15. acoustic emission method: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  16. acoustic emission technology: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  17. acoustic cardiographic assessment: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  18. acoustic emission technique: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

  19. Finite Element Methods for Nonlinear Acoustics in Fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The non- linear terms in these wave equations imply that the sound speed ... ics, the finite element formulation of nonlinear acoustic equations for fluids has.

  20. acoustic wave devices: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Baron, G. Martin, T. Laroche, and S. Ballandras FEMTO Paris-Sud XI, Universit de 7 Design and Fabrication of Acoustic Wave Actuated Microgenerator for Portable Electronic...