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1

Understanding Fault Characteristics And Sediment Depth For Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Understanding Fault Characteristics And Sediment Depth For Geothermal Understanding Fault Characteristics And Sediment Depth For Geothermal Exploration Using 3D Gravity Inversion In Walker Valley, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Understanding Fault Characteristics And Sediment Depth For Geothermal Exploration Using 3D Gravity Inversion In Walker Valley, Nevada Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The Southern Walker Lake Basin, situated in the Walker Lake structural domain, consists of primarily E-W directed extension along N-NNW striking normal faults. Water well drilling on the eastern slopes of the Wassuk Range, west of the city of Hawthorne, Nevada showed elevated temperatures. Two recent drill holes reaching downhole depths of more than 4000 ft give some insight to the geologic picture, but more information

2

Understanding Fault Characteristics And Sediment Depth For Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fault Characteristics And Sediment Depth For Geothermal Exploration Using 3D Gravity Inversion In Walker Valley, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to...

3

Evaluation of faulting characteristics and ground acceleration associated with recent movement along the Meers Fault, Southwestern Oklahoma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent studies have shown that a 27 km section of the Meers Fault was reactivated during Holocene time. Although these studies have proven the occurrence of recent fault activity, many basic characteristics of the faulting remain unresolved...

Burrell, Richard Dennis

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

4

Characteristics of Wind Turbines Under Normal and Fault Conditions: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates the characteristics of a variable-speed wind turbine connected to a stiff or weak grid under normal and fault conditions and the role of reactive power compensation.

Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C. P.; Parsons, B.; Ellis, A.

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Experimental study on characteristics of superconducting fault current limiters connected  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Superconducting fault current limiters (SCFCLs) can reduce fault current; thus SCFCLs allow the capacity of circuit breakers to be reduced and lend flexibility to power system network designs. Furthermore, SCFCLs are expected to improve power system stability, as has been confirmed by some experiments. Therefore, various kinds of SCFCLs were proposed and have been studied. For introducing SCFCLs in power systems, there should be some specifications, such as the impedance, the trigger current level, and the recovery time. Fault analyses pointed out that accuracy of the trigger current level is required. A transformer type SCFCL with an adjustable trigger current level was proposed, designed, made, and tested. Then, limiting tests on three-phase SCFCLs by use of an artificial transmission line with a small generator were carried out. The test results indicated that at phase-to-phase faults, the SCFCLs for the fault phases do not always turn into the limiting mode. From two points of view, it is important to study characteristics of the series connection for SCFCLs: one is as mentioned above, and the other is that a series connection of some SCFCLs of small impedance may be installed in place of an SCFCL of larger impedance. This paper describes the results of limiting tests on two SCFCLs connected in series. The tests were carried out under some different conditions of fault currents, fault phases, and trigger current levels of SCFCLs. Some discussion on characteristics of series connection of SCFCLs appears also.

Hiroyuki Hatta; Tanzo Nitta; Tomomi Oide; Masakuni Chiba; Yasuyuki Shirai; Akihiro Mochida

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Limiting characteristics of the superconducting fault current limiter applied to the neutral line of conventional transformer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The increased electricity demands influenced by the recent industrial development make the electric power distribution system more comprehensive, and the risks are high to cause failures to steady state electric line due to the extended range of fault at the time of fault occurrence. Also, the high performance and the high precision electric appliances that sensitive to switching surge and fault current expose vulnerability of reduced life span and increased fault occurrence ratio. Therefore, this thesis analyzed the fault limiting characteristics by the fault types by applying the superconducting fault current limiter to the neutral line of the transformer in order to reduce the fault currents that flow such high performance appliances. A current transformer (CT) that detects the fault current in the simulated power distribution system, a switching control system that is self-developed and a transformer are used in constructing a circuit. When a fault occurs, the initial fault current is restricted by the superconducting fault current limiter and simultaneously detours the fault current by operating the SCR contact of the switching control system through the detection by CT. This thesis analyzed the limiting characteristics of the superconducting fault current limiter that are applied to the neutral line of the transformer by the fault types.

I.G. Im; H.S. Choi; B.I. Jung

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Modeling tip zones to predict the throw and length characteristics of faults  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A map of faults in a 60 km{sup 2} area of the southern North Sea has been produced from three-dimensional seismic data. The faults shown on the map obey power-law cumulative-frequency distributions for throw (power-law exponent, D, {approx} 2.7) and length (D {approx} 1.1). Simulations have been carried out to correct for sampling biases in the data and to make predictions of the throw the data and to make predictions of the throw and length scaling characteristics of the faults. The most important bias is caused by poor resolution of the small displacement tip zones of faults. The raw data show considerable scatter in their length: throw ratios, but they more closely fit a linar relationship if a length of 500 m is added to each fault, thereby making up for the zones near the fault tips with throws ({approx} 15 m) below seismic resolution. Further variability in the data may be caused by such geological factors as fault interaction. Tip lengths have been extended to simulate the actual fault pattern in the study area. Maps produced by this procedure can be used to estimate the true connectivity of the fault network. Extending the faults results in greater connectivity than shown by the raw data, which may cause greater compartmentalization of the rock mass. This greater compartmentalization has implications for hydrocarbon exploitation if the faults are sealing. A problem with the model, however, is that it does not deal effectively with the interaction of subparallel, noncoplanar faults. To test the reliability of the procedure, we analyzed exposure-scale faults in Somerset, United Kingdom, where the tips are well constrained. Both length-throw relationships and map-pattern connectivity for the simulated fault networks agree closely with the actual data.

Pickering, G.; Sanderson, D.J.; Bull, J.M. [Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)] [and others

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Bias current influence on the characteristic of the magnetic-controlled switcher type fault current limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel magnetic-controlled switcher type fault current limiter (FCL) for high voltage electric network is presented. The current limiting principle of the FCL and the bias current influence on the characteristic...

Yan-xia Pan ???; Jian-guo Jiang ???

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Combining Modeling Methodologies for Improved Understanding of Smart Material Characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combining Modeling Methodologies for Improved Understanding of Smart Material Characteristics Material Systems and Structures February 2, 1998 ABSTRACT Smart materials are complex materials performance capabilities but the synergistic response of the smart material and companion structure. Behavior

Lindner, Douglas K.

10

Characteristics of Fault-Tolerant Photodiode and Photogate Active Pixel Sensor (APS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characteristics of Fault-Tolerant Photodiode and Photogate Active Pixel Sensor (APS) Michelle L. La tolerant APS design has been implemented in a 0.18µm CMOS process for both a photodiode based and photogate of 2.03 (stuck low) and 1.89 (stuck high) for the photodiode based APS, and 1.73 (stuck low) and 1

Chapman, Glenn H.

11

Correlation among the transient characteristics of doubly fed induction generators under grid fault  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) under grid fault has increasingly gained attention among researchers for the better protection and control of power system. However existing studies which focus on the single DFIG are incomplete because other DFIGs can significantly affect the transient process of DFIG in the wind farm. Thus this paper investigates the correlation among the transient characteristics of DFIGs when a three-phase fault occurs in power grids. A vector model of a DFIG is built with consideration for the excitation regulation. Transient processes of the DFIG when wind farm contains different numbers of DFIGs are mathematically deduced by dividing the fault process into two periods according to converter regulation. The analytic expressions indicate the relationship between the transient electrical variables of a DFIG and the number of DFIGs is proposed to acquire the varying pattern of the correlation. The correlation phenomenon is verified both through analysis and simulation which provide positive implications for the operation of wind power integrated systems.

Jinxin Ouyang; Xiaofu Xiong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Quenching Characteristics of a 400V-100A Class Superconducting Fault Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The suppression of large fault currents in large electric power systems constitutes an ... previously proposed a conceptually new type of superconducting fault current limiter and its application to model distrib...

Takeshi Okuma; Tsukushi Hara; Takahiko Yamamoto…

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Characteristics of displacement transfer zones associated with thrust faults / by Arthur Francis Xavier O'Keefe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thrust fault in Upper Allan Mountain. Sketch from outcrop showing location of bedding planes with thin (less than 0. 5 cm) layer of' appsz'ent gouge material developed. 36 17 Idealized hypothetical strike section of two thzust fault s showing... stratigraphic column is not necessary and a working stratigraphy, less detailed. than that of Mudge (1972a) was used (Figure 3). No important lateral strati- graphic variations were seen in the thesis area. The lowest unit mapped is the Allan Mountain...

O'Keefe, Arthur Francis Xavier

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

14

The characteristics of arcing faults in 480-volt power distribution systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

spontaneous arc-over to ground or to another phase. ~ Insulation failure due to surface conduction across conductive dust or contamination, or due to a cracked insulator body. ~ Conductive gases emanating from circuit breakers or fuses during circuit.... ~ Rodents or vermin, especially those returning from a wet outing to the warmth of the equipment. In tropical climates, snakes are known to have caused arcing faults across insulator strings. Since causes of arcing fault cannot always be eliminated in 480...

Shih, Yu?

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

15

Principle and characteristics of a fault current limiter with series compensation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A fault current limiter with series compensation, which is composed of a compensation capacitor and a limiting reactor in series, is proposed. A solid-state switch connected in parallel with the capacitor controls either the ordinal series compensation or fault current limitations. A feasibility study of the current limiter by simulation analysis is presented and the effectiveness of the current limiter is evaluated from the viewpoints of transient stability improvement and device capacity. The current limiter is a useful protection device for large, high power transmission systems.

Sugimoto, S. [Chubu Electric Power Co., Inc., Nagoya (Japan). Electric Power Research and Development Center] [Chubu Electric Power Co., Inc., Nagoya (Japan). Electric Power Research and Development Center; Kida, J.; Arita, H.; Fukui, C. [Hitachi Ltd., Ibaraki (Japan)] [Hitachi Ltd., Ibaraki (Japan); Yamagiwa, T. [Hitachi Ltd., Kokubu (Japan). Kokubu Works] [Hitachi Ltd., Kokubu (Japan). Kokubu Works

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Source characteristics of large deep earthquakes: Constraint on the faulting mechanism at great depths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

indicate significant energy dissipation due to heating and possible melt production. The 1991 Argentina. However, the 23 June 1991 Argentina event has source properties that are rather characteristic

Tibi, Rigobert

17

Structure of interfirm alliance networks: understanding the influence of industry characteristics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A clear understanding of where interfirm cooperation thrives, and where it does not, has theoretical and practical implications. In this paper, using a US economy-wide alliance dataset, I distinguish the conditions under which the phenomenon becomes prevalent. Just as there are industries that are traditionally R&D intensive (e.g. pharmaceuticals, computers and biotechnology), manufacturing intensive (e.g. paper, aluminium and chemical), and advertising intensive (pharmaceuticals, food and cigarettes), are there industries that are alliance-intensive? Can we distinguish those industries based on other characteristics that we already know? We ask such questions in this paper. Results show that, controlling for size, in both large and small industries in the USA, R&D intensity is the only major statistically significant predictor of formation of interfirm alliances. The comprehensiveness of the data provides extraordinary validity to the above and the related findings reported.

Varghese P. George

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Microstructures in subglacial and proglacial sediments: understanding faults, folds and fabrics, and the influence of water on the style of deformation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Macroscopic field and micromorphological studies have been carried out on subglacially and proglacially deformed glacigenic sequences at a number of sites throughout Scotland, UK. Examination of microstructures (folds, faults, hydrofractures, plasmic fabrics) aided understanding of the deformation histories preserved in the sediments, but a similar range of structures were developed in both Subglacial and Proglacial settings. Discrimination between Subglacial and Proglacial deformation was only possible when micromorphological data was used in conjunction with larger-scale field observations. Variations in lithology and water content were controlling factors influencing the style and apparent intensity of deformation recorded. Changes in pore-water content and pressure during deformation can lead to liquefaction and hydrofracturing, with early-formed structures locally controlling the pattern of water escape. Liquefaction can also lead to homogenisation of the sediments and the destruction of earlier deformation structures, even at relatively low strains. Beds or zones of liquefied sand and silt may form highly ‘lubricated’ detachments within the sediment pile, resulting in a marked reduction in the amount of shear transmitted to underlying units. A multidisciplinary approach, involving sedimentological, geomorphological, stratigraphical and structural field observations, combined with micromorphological analysis, is recommended to confidently unravel the glacitectonic history and depositional environment of most deformed glacigenic sedimentary sequences.

Emrys Phillips; Jon Merritt; Clive Auton; Nick Golledge

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Job characteristics and job satisfaction: understanding the role of enterprise resource  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Little research has examined the impacts of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems implementation on job satisfaction. Based on a 12-month study of 2,794 employees in a telecommunications firm, we found that ERP system implementation moderated the ... Keywords: ERP systems, job characteristics, job satisfaction, system implementation, technology adoption

Michael G. Morris; Viswanath Venkatesh

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Fault finder  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fault finder for locating faults along a high voltage electrical transmission line. Real time monitoring of background noise and improved filtering of input signals is used to identify the occurrence of a fault. A fault is detected at both a master and remote unit spaced along the line. A master clock synchronizes operation of a similar clock at the remote unit. Both units include modulator and demodulator circuits for transmission of clock signals and data. All data is received at the master unit for processing to determine an accurate fault distance calculation.

Bunch, Richard H. (1614 NW. 106th St., Vancouver, WA 98665)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

REDUCING RISK IN LOW-PERMEABILITY GAS FORMATIONS: UNDERSTANDING THE ROCK/FLUID CHARACTERISTICS OF ROCKY MOUNTAIN LARAMIDE BASINS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An anomalous velocity model was constructed for the Wind River Basin (WRB) based on {approx}2000 mi of 2-D seismic data and 175 sonic logs, for a total of 132,000 velocity/depth profiles. Ten cross sections were constructed through the model coincident with known gas fields. In each cross section, an intense, anomalously slow velocity domain coincided with the gas-productive rock/fluid interval. The anomalous velocity model: (1) Easily isolates gas-charged rock/fluid systems characterized by anomalously slow velocities and water-rich rock/fluid systems characterized by normal velocities; and (2) Delineates the regional velocity inversion surface, which is characterized by steepening of the Ro/depth gradient, a significant increase in capillary displacement pressure, a significant change in formation water composition, and acceleration of the reaction rate of smectite-to-illite diagenesis in mixed-layer clays. Gas chimneys are observed as topographic highs on the regional velocity inversion surface. Beneath the surface are significant fluid-flow compartments, which have a gas-charge in the fluid phase and are isolated from meteoric water recharge. Water-rich domains may occur within regional gas-charged compartments, but are not being recharged from the meteoric water system (i.e., trapped water). The WRB is divided into at least two regionally prominent fluid-flow compartments separated by the velocity inversion surface: a water-dominated upper compartment likely under strong meteoric water drive and a gas-charged, anomalously pressured lower compartment. Judging from cross sections, numerous gas-charged subcompartments occur within the regional compartment. Their geometries and boundaries are controlled by faults and low-permeability rocks. Commercial gas production results when a reservoir interval characterized by enhanced porosity/permeability intersects one of these gas-charged subcompartments. The rock/fluid characteristics of the Rocky Mountain Laramide Basins (RMLB) described in this work determine the potential for significant, relatively unconventional, so-called ''basin-center'' hydrocarbon accumulations. If such accumulations occur, they will be characterized by the following critical attributes: (1) Location beneath a regional velocity inversion surface that typically is associated with low-permeability lithologies; (2) Anomalous pressure, both over- and underpressure, and when, less commonly, they appear to be normally pressured, they are not in contact with the meteoric water system; (3) A significant gas component in the regional multiphase fluid-flow system (water-gas-oil) that occurs beneath the regional velocity inversion surface; (4) Domains of intense gas charge (i.e., high gas saturation) within the regional multiphase fluid-flow system; (5) Compartmentalization of the rock/fluid system to a far greater extent beneath the regional velocity inversion surface than above it (i.e., convection of fluids across the regional velocity inversion surface is reduced or eliminated depending on the nature of the capillary properties of the low-permeability rocks associated with the inversion surface); (6) Commercial gas accumulations occurring at the intersection of reservoir intervals characterized by enhanced porosity and permeability and gas-charged domains; (7) Productive intersections of reservoir intervals and gas-charged domains, which are controlled by the structural, stratigraphic, and diagenetic elements affecting the rock/fluid system; and (8) No apparent meteoric water connection with the gas accumulations and gas columns up to several thousand feet in height. Because some of these critical attributes are not associated with conventional hydrocarbon accumulations, a new set of diagnostic tools are required in order to explore for and exploit these types of gas prospects efficiently and effectively. Some of these new diagnostic tools have been discussed in this report; other have been described elsewhere. In order to maximize risk reduction, it is recommended when exploring for these types of gas accu

Ronald C. Surdam

2003-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

22

Fault Analysis at a Wind Power Plant for One Year of Observation: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the fault characteristics observed at a wind power plant, and the behavior of the wind power plant under fault events.

Muljadi, E.; Mills, Z.; Foster, R.; Conto, J.; Ellis, A.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Selected growth and interaction characteristics of seafloor faults in the central Mississippi Canyon Offshore Continental Shelf (OCS) area, northern Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for dealing with potentially active seafloor faults is avoidance?placing the seafloor facility, structure foundation, pilings, or pipeline in such a way that the potential for damage to the infrastructure is well within design limits for the design lifetime...

Wegner, Scott Ashley

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

24

A Magnetic Shielding Type Superconducting Fault-Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a Magnetic Shielding type Fault-Current Limiter (MSFCL), the characteristics of the magnetic ... ) is an important factor in limiting the current flow. In this study, to improve the efficiency of the fault current

N. Miyauchi; H. Nakane; S. Haseyama; S. Yoshizawa

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Attal, M., and Lav, 2006, Changes of bedload characteristics along the Marsyandi River (central Nepal): Implications for understanding hillslope sediment supply, sediment load evolution along fluvial networks, and denudation in active orogenic belts, in W  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(central Nepal): Implications for understanding hillslope sediment supply, sediment load evolution along of bedload characteristics along the Marsyandi River (central Nepal): Implications for understanding (Himalayas of central Nepal), and also in sediment source material from hillslopes (landslides, moraines

26

Neotectonics of Panama. I. Major fault systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The direction and rate of relative plate motion across the Caribbean-Nazca boundary in Panama is poorly known. This lack of understanding can be attributed to diffuse seismicity; lack of well constrained focal mechanisms from critical areas; and dense tropical vegetation. In order to better understand the relation of plate motions to major fault systems in Panama, the authors have integrated geologic, remote sensing, earthquake and UTIG marine seismic reflection data. Three areas of recent faulting can be distinguished in Panama and its shelf areas; ZONE 1 of eastern Panama consists of a 70 km wide zone of 3 discrete left-lateral strike-slip faults (Sanson Hills, Jaque River, Sambu) which strike N40W and can be traced as continuous features for distances of 100-150 km; ZONE 2 in central Panama consists of a diffuse zone of discontinuous normal(.) faults which range in strike from N40E, N70E; ZONE 3 in western Panama consists of a 60 km wide zone of 2 discrete, left-lateral(.) strike-slip faults which strike N60W and can be traced as continuous features for distances of 150 km; ZONE 3 faults appear to be continuous with faults bounding the forearc Teraba Trough of Costa Rica. The relation of faults of ZONE 3 to faults of ZONE 2 and a major fault bounding the southern Panama shelf is unclear.

Corrigan, J.; Mann, P.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Physiochemical Evidence of Faulting Processes and Modeling of Fluid in Evolving Fault Systems in Southern California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our study targets recent (Plio-Pleistocene) faults and young (Tertiary) petroleum fields in southern California. Faults include the Refugio Fault in the Transverse Ranges, the Ellwood Fault in the Santa Barbara Channel, and most recently the Newport- Inglewood in the Los Angeles Basin. Subsurface core and tubing scale samples, outcrop samples, well logs, reservoir properties, pore pressures, fluid compositions, and published structural-seismic sections have been used to characterize the tectonic/diagenetic history of the faults. As part of the effort to understand the diagenetic processes within these fault zones, we have studied analogous processes of rapid carbonate precipitation (scaling) in petroleum reservoir tubing and manmade tunnels. From this, we have identified geochemical signatures in carbonate that characterize rapid CO2 degassing. These data provide constraints for finite element models that predict fluid pressures, multiphase flow patterns, rates and patterns of deformation, subsurface temperatures and heat flow, and geochemistry associated with large fault systems.

Boles, James [Professor

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

28

Software fault avoidance issues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article aims to discuss various issues of software fault avoidance. Software fault avoidance aims to produce fault free software through various approaches having the common objective of reducing the number of latent defects in software programs.

Goutam Kumar Saha

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Photovoltaic ground fault and blind spot electrical simulations.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ground faults in photovoltaic (PV) systems pose a fire and shock hazard. To mitigate these risks, AC-isolated, DC grounded PV systems in the United States use Ground Fault Protection Devices (GFPDs), e.g., fuses, to de-energize the PV system when there is a ground fault. Recently the effectiveness of these protection devices has come under question because multiple fires have started when ground faults went undetected. In order to understand the limitations of fuse-based ground fault protection in PV systems, analytical and numerical simulations of different ground faults were performed. The numerical simulations were conducted with Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis (SPICE) using a circuit model of the PV system which included the modules, wiring, switchgear, grounded or ungrounded components, and the inverter. The derivation of the SPICE model and the results of parametric fault current studies are provided with varying array topologies, fuse sizes, and fault impedances. Closed-form analytical approximations for GFPD currents from faults to the grounded current carrying conductor-known as %E2%80%9Cblind spot%E2%80%9D ground faults-are derived to provide greater understanding of the influence of array impedances on fault currents. The behavior of the array during various ground faults is studied for a range of ground fault fuse sizes to determine if reducing the size of the fuse improves ground fault detection sensitivity. The results of the simulations show that reducing the amperage rating of the protective fuse does increase fault current detection sensitivity without increasing the likelihood of nuisance trips to a degree. Unfortunately, this benefit reaches a limit as fuses become smaller and their internal resistance increases to the point of becoming a major element in the fault current circuit.

Flicker, Jack David; Johnson, Jay

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Numerical modeling of gas migration into and through faulted sand reservoirs in Pabst Field (Main Pass East Block 259), northern Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The further exploration and development of Pabst Gas Field with faulted sand reservoirs require an understanding of the properties and roles of faults, particularly Low Throw near Vertical Faults (LTNVFs), in gas migration and accumulation at a...

Li, Yuqian

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

31

The Auto-tuning of ASC and Fault Online Selection Device in Intelligent Substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, the characteristic of single-phase earth fault in the 10kV isolated neutral distribution network is studied. The application of the auto-tuning of arc suppression coil (ASC) and fault line select...

Haibo Bu; Zhihong Zhang; Fazhang Li…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Thermo-and hydro-mechanical processes along faults during rapid slip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermo- and hydro-mechanical processes along faults during rapid slip James R. Rice & Eric M micro-contacts, and (2) Thermal pressurization of fault-zone pore fluid. Both have characteristics which

Dunham, Eric M.

33

Abstract--The reliability and quality of power distribution systems are usually affected by many different distribution faults.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Abstract--The reliability and quality of power distribution systems are usually affected by many different distribution faults. Tree-caused faults are one of the major fault causes. In this paper, four to analyze the characteristics of tree-caused distribution faults. This paper also uses statistical

Chow, Mo-Yuen

34

Analysis of the growth of strike-slip faults using effective medium theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Increases in the dimensions of strike-slip faults including fault length, thickness of fault rock and the surrounding damage zone collectively provide quantitative definition of fault growth and are commonly measured in terms of the maximum fault slip. The field observations indicate that a common mechanism for fault growth in the brittle upper crust is fault lengthening by linkage and coalescence of neighboring fault segments or strands, and fault rock-zone widening into highly fractured inner damage zone via cataclastic deformation. The most important underlying mechanical reason in both cases is prior weakening of the rocks surrounding a fault's core and between neighboring fault segments by faulting-related fractures. In this paper, using field observations together with effective medium models, we analyze the reduction in the effective elastic properties of rock in terms of density of the fault-related brittle fractures and fracture intersection angles controlled primarily by the splay angles. Fracture densities or equivalent fracture spacing values corresponding to the vanishing Young's, shear, and quasi-pure shear moduli were obtained by extrapolation from the calculated range of these parameters. The fracture densities or the equivalent spacing values obtained using this method compare well with the field data measured along scan lines across the faults in the study area. These findings should be helpful for a better understanding of the fracture density/spacing distribution around faults and the transition from discrete fracturing to cataclastic deformation associated with fault growth and the related instabilities.

Aydin, A.; Berryman, J.G.

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

Geometry and development of relay ramps in normal fault systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Normal fault zones play a major role in the development of basins and in the migration and trapping of hydrocarbons. The mapping of normal fault systems using seismic data requires careful correlation of faults on adjacent sections, a procedure that often leads to the interpretation of faults as having long, continuous, sinuous traces. Recent work involving detailed mapping of fault traces, first by using land exposures but more recently using three-dimensional seismics, has demonstrated that faults are usually made up of many overstepping segments, linked by areas of complex deformation, termed transfer zones or relay ramps. Relay ramps occur between normal fault segments that overstep in map view. The geometry and evolution of exposure-scale relay ramps are described from the Somerset coast, England, and are compared with larger scale ramps from elsewhere. Relay ramps can be classified into four groups based on the degree of interaction and linkage between the overstepping segments; these groups are interpreted as being evolutionary stages. In stage 1, the segments do not interact. Stage 2 involves the reorientation of bedding between two interacting faults to produce a relay ramp. In stage 3, connecting fractures start to break the relay ramp. Stage 4 is when the relay ramp is destroyed to produce a single fault that has an along-strike bend. These evolutionary stages can develop through time, but they can also be seen spatially. A branch line between normal faults or an along-strike bend may represent a stage 4 relay, with progressively earlier stages occurring updip or downdip. Characteristic variability in displacement-distance profiles for fault segments and linked faults accompanies the interaction and linkage processes. Displacement transfer by relay ramps is accompanied by steep displacement gradients along fault segments at oversteps. Relay ramps often contribute to a minimum in total fault displacement at a linkage point. 47 refs., 16 figs.

Peacock, D.C.P. (Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom) Univ. of Plymouth, Devon (United Kingdom)); Sanderson, D.J. (Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom))

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Interseismic deformation and geologic evolution of the Death Valley Fault Zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interseismic deformation and geologic evolution of the Death Valley Fault Zone Cecilia Del Pardo,1 Valley Fault Zone (DVFZ), located in southeastern California, is an active fault system with an evolved motion and long-term stress accumulation rates to better understand the nature of both past and present

Blewitt, Geoffrey

37

Fault Current Limiters  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fault Fault Current Limiters Superconducting & Solid-state Power Equipment Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability www.oe.energy.gov Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, OE-1 U.S. Department of Energy - 1000 Independence Avenue, SW - Washington, DC 20585 Plugging America Into the Future of Power What are FCLs? A fault is an unintentional short circuit, or partial short-circuit, in an electric circuit. A variety of factors such as lightning, downed power lines, or crossed power lines cause faults. During a fault, excessive current-called fault current- flows through the electrical system often resulting in a failure of one section of that system by causing a

38

Active Faulting in the Coso Geothermal Field, Eastern California | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Faulting in the Coso Geothermal Field, Eastern California Faulting in the Coso Geothermal Field, Eastern California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Active Faulting in the Coso Geothermal Field, Eastern California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: New mapping documents a series of late Quaternary NNE-striking normal faults in the central Coso Range that dip northwest, toward and into the main production area of the Coso geothermal field. The faults exhibit geomorphic features characteristic of Holocene activity, and locally are associated with fumaroles and hydothermal alteration. The active faults sole into or terminate against the brittle-ductile transition zone (BDT) at a depth of about 4 to 5 km. The BDT is arched upward over a volume of crust

39

Characterizing fault-plume intersection probability for geologic carbon sequestration risk assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Leakage of CO{sub 2} out of the designated storage region via faults is a widely recognized concern for geologic carbon sequestration. The probability of such leakage can be separated into the probability of a plume encountering a fault and the probability of flow along such a fault. In the absence of deterministic fault location information, the first probability can be calculated from regional fault population statistics and modeling of the plume shape and size. In this study, fault statistical parameters were measured or estimated for WESTCARB's Phase III pilot test injection in the San Joaquin Valley, California. Combining CO{sub 2} plume model predictions with estimated fault characteristics resulted in a 3% probability that the CO{sub 2} plume will encounter a fault fully offsetting the 180 m (590 ft) thick seal. The probability of leakage is lower, likely much lower, as faults with this offset are probably low-permeability features in this area.

Jordan, Preston D.; Oldenburg, Curtis M.; Nicot, Jean-Philippe

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Fault Location and Incipient Fault Detection in Distribution Cables.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A set of fault location algorithms for underground medium voltage cables, two incipient fault detection schemes for distribution cables and a state estimation method for… (more)

Xu, Zhihan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

DAFT: decoupled acyclic fault tolerance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Higher transistor counts, lower voltage levels, and reduced noise margin increase the susceptibility of multicore processors to transient faults. Redundant hardware modules can detect such errors, but software transient fault detection techniques are ... Keywords: multicore, speculation, transient fault

Yun Zhang; Jae W. Lee; Nick P. Johnson; David I. August

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Solar system fault detection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fault detecting apparatus and method are provided for use with an active solar system. The apparatus provides an indication as to whether one or more predetermined faults have occurred in the solar system. The apparatus includes a plurality of sensors, each sensor being used in determining whether a predetermined condition is present. The outputs of the sensors are combined in a pre-established manner in accordance with the kind of predetermined faults to be detected. Indicators communicate with the outputs generated by combining the sensor outputs to give the user of the solar system and the apparatus an indication as to whether a predetermined fault has occurred. Upon detection and indication of any predetermined fault, the user can take appropriate corrective action so that the overall reliability and efficiency of the active solar system are increased.

Farrington, Robert B. (Wheatridge, CO); Pruett, Jr., James C. (Lakewood, CO)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Solar system fault detection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fault detecting apparatus and method are provided for use with an active solar system. The apparatus provides an indication as to whether one or more predetermined faults have occurred in the solar system. The apparatus includes a plurality of sensors, each sensor being used in determining whether a predetermined condition is present. The outputs of the sensors are combined in a pre-established manner in accordance with the kind of predetermined faults to be detected. Indicators communicate with the outputs generated by combining the sensor outputs to give the user of the solar system and the apparatus an indication as to whether a predetermined fault has occurred. Upon detection and indication of any predetermined fault, the user can take appropriate corrective action so that the overall reliability and efficiency of the active solar system are increased.

Farrington, R.B.; Pruett, J.C. Jr.

1984-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

44

Observations on Faults and Associated Permeability Structures in Hydrogeologic Units at the Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Observational data on Nevada Test Site (NTS) faults were gathered from a variety of sources, including surface and tunnel exposures, core samples, geophysical logs, and down-hole cameras. These data show that NTS fault characteristics and fault zone permeability structures are similar to those of faults studied in other regions. Faults at the NTS form complex and heterogeneous fault zones with flow properties that vary in both space and time. Flow property variability within fault zones can be broken down into four major components that allow for the development of a simplified, first approximation model of NTS fault zones. This conceptual model can be used as a general guide during development and evaluation of groundwater flow and contaminate transport models at the NTS.

Prothro, Lance B.; Drellack, Sigmund L.; Haugstad, Dawn N.; Huckins-Gang, Heather E.; Townsend, Margaret J.

2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

45

Fault Intersection | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Fault Intersection Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Fault Intersection Dictionary.png Fault Intersection: Fault intersections are junctions between normal faults and either transversely oriented strike-slip or oblique-slip faults. Subsurface fluid flow in these areas is enhanced by multiple minor faults that connect the major intersecting structures, forming highly fractured zones or dilational quadrants with increased permeability. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Controlling Structures List of controlling structures typically associated with geothermal

46

A dc superconducting fault current limiter using die-pressed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model of a superconducting fault current limiter on a polycrystalline high-temperature superconductor basis is checked in the dc short circuit regime. Protection of load takes place under the conditions described in this paper. The use of ceramic materials with superconducting-normal metal-superconducting Josephson junction network having an S-type current-voltage characteristic (CVC) is shown to be effective for fault current limiter devices.

A G Mamalis; M I Petrov; D A Balaev; K A; D M Gohfeld; S V Militsyn; S G; V I Kirko; I N Vottea

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Computer hardware fault administration  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Computer hardware fault administration carried out in a parallel computer, where the parallel computer includes a plurality of compute nodes. The compute nodes are coupled for data communications by at least two independent data communications networks, where each data communications network includes data communications links connected to the compute nodes. Typical embodiments carry out hardware fault administration by identifying a location of a defective link in the first data communications network of the parallel computer and routing communications data around the defective link through the second data communications network of the parallel computer.

Archer, Charles J. (Rochester, MN); Megerian, Mark G. (Rochester, MN); Ratterman, Joseph D. (Rochester, MN); Smith, Brian E. (Rochester, MN)

2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

48

Optimal fault location  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the pre-selected time out to pass and initiate reclosing again. If after selected number of attempts of reclosing, fault is still present, breaker lockout is taking place. There will be no more attempts to reclose automatically the breaker again....2: Trip and reclose sequences on a single breaker In the case of breaker lockout the assumption taken by the operators is that fault is permanent. Special order is issued to the maintenance for the breaker to be closed back in 4 again once...

Knezev, Maja

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

49

Optimal fault location  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the pre-selected time out to pass and initiate reclosing again. If after selected number of attempts of reclosing, fault is still present, breaker lockout is taking place. There will be no more attempts to reclose automatically the breaker again....2: Trip and reclose sequences on a single breaker In the case of breaker lockout the assumption taken by the operators is that fault is permanent. Special order is issued to the maintenance for the breaker to be closed back in 4 again once...

Knezev, Maja

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

50

Row fault detection system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus, program product and method check for nodal faults in a row of nodes by causing each node in the row to concurrently communicate with its adjacent neighbor nodes in the row. The communications are analyzed to determine a presence of a faulty node or connection.

Archer, Charles Jens (Rochester, MN); Pinnow, Kurt Walter (Rochester, MN); Ratterman, Joseph D. (Rochester, MN); Smith, Brian Edward (Rochester, MN)

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

51

Modeling and simulation of a reformate supplied PEM fuel cell stack, application to fault detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling and simulation of a reformate supplied PEM fuel cell stack, application to fault detection exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells are the main type of fuel cell developed for ground vehicle applications tool for thermal characteristic and fault detection of a PEM fuel cell stack. The fuel cell stack model

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

52

Lossy Electric Transmission Line Soft Fault Diagnosis: an Inverse Scattering Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Lossy Electric Transmission Line Soft Fault Diagnosis: an Inverse Scattering Approach Huaibin transmission lines is studied through the inverse scattering approach. The considered soft faults are modeled as continuous spatial variations of distributed characteristic parameters of transmission lines. The diagnosis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

53

Complex Faulting in the Yuha Desert: Implications for Fault Interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dibblee. Geology of the Imperial Valley region, California,and tectonics of the Imperial Valley region, California. Innent faults surrounding the Imperial Valley region, southern

Kroll, Kayla Ann

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

An integrated technique for fault location and section identification in distribution systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper proposes an integrated impedance and transient-based formulation for fault location in distribution systems. The technique uses an extended apparent impedance analysis in order to estimate the fault distance, taking into account the unbalanced operation, intermediate loads, laterals, and time-varying load profile of distribution systems. The fault distance information is used in calculating characteristic frequencies associated to each possible fault location. A transient analysis is proposed to evaluate the spectral content of the fault-generated traveling wave, thus identifying its most significant frequency components. Based on the time–frequency correlation it is possible to eliminate the multiple estimates obtained from the impedance-based method, thus resulting in a single fault location. Aiming to verify the application of the proposed methodology, simulations were carried out in the ATP/EMTP Software considering a real distribution feeder with 3472 buses.

D.S. Gazzana; G.D. Ferreira; A.S. Bretas; A.L. Bettiol; A. Carniato; L.F.N. Passos; A.H. Ferreira; J.E.M. Silva

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

A neuro-computational approach to chiller fault identification and isolation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The characteristics of the chiller are identified by measuring certain parameters. Once the parameters are identified, the system boundaries are established, with certain parameters tainted by faults being isolated from the input parameters and, in turn, being derived...

Prabhu, Rahul Srinivas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

56

Modeling quantum noise for efficient testing of fault-tolerant circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding fault-tolerant properties of quantum circuits is important for designing large-scale quantum information processors. In particular, simulating properties of encoded circuits is a crucial tool for investigating ...

Magesan, Easwar

57

Fault Mapping | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Fault Mapping Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Fault Mapping Details Activities (2) Areas (2) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Field Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Data Collection and Mapping Parent Exploration Technique: Data Collection and Mapping Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Locates active faults in the area of interest Hydrological: Can reveal whether faults are circulating hydrothermal fluids Thermal: Dictionary.png

58

Major Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Major Normal Fault Major Normal Fault Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Major Normal Fault Dictionary.png Major Normal Fault: Normal faults are structures in which the hanging wall is down dropped along the fault plane relative to the foot wall. They are the predominant type of structure in extensional tectonic environments, but are commonly encountered in a number of geologic settings. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Controlling Structures List of controlling structures typically associated with geothermal systems: Major Normal Fault Termination of a Major Normal Fault Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Fault Intersection Accommodation Zone Displacement Transfer Zone Pull-Apart in Strike-Slip Fault Zone

59

Definition: Enhanced Fault Protection | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enhanced Fault Protection Enhanced Fault Protection Enhanced fault protection requires higher precision and greater discrimination of fault location and type with coordinated measurement among multiple devices. For distribution applications, these systems will detect and isolate faults without full-power re-closing, reducing the frequency of through-fault currents. Using high resolution sensors and fault signatures, these systems can better detect high impedance faults. For transmission applications, these systems will employ high speed communications between multiple elements (e.g., stations) to protect entire regions, rather than just single elements. They will also use the latest digital techniques to advance beyond conventional impedance relaying of transmission lines.[1] Related Terms

60

Intelligent fault diagnosis of power transmission line; -.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This dissertation presents the application of recent intelligent newlinetechniques for fault diagnosis in electrical power transmission line Fault newlinesection identification classification and location are the… (more)

Malathi, V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Transition-fault test generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

large to store in the memory of the tester. The proposed methods of test generation utilize stuck-at-fault tests to create transition-fault test sets of a smaller size. Greedy algorithms are used in the generation of both the stuck...

Cobb, Bradley Douglas

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

62

Earthquake Fault Studies in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

17 May 1973 research-article Earthquake Fault Studies in Japan K. Kasahara The paper reviews the current status of earthquake fault studies in Japan, taking the work on the off-Honshu tectonics as an example. Within the Japanese tectonic...

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Observer-based fault detection for nuclear reactors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a study of fault detection for nuclear reactor systems. Basic concepts are derived from fundamental theories on system observers. Different types of fault- actuator fault, sensor fault, and system dynamics fault ...

Li, Qing, 1972-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Arc fault detection system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An arc fault detection system for use on ungrounded or high-resistance-grounded power distribution systems is provided which can be retrofitted outside electrical switchboard circuits having limited space constraints. The system includes a differential current relay that senses a current differential between current flowing from secondary windings located in a current transformer coupled to a power supply side of a switchboard, and a total current induced in secondary windings coupled to a load side of the switchboard. When such a current differential is experienced, a current travels through a operating coil of the differential current relay, which in turn opens an upstream circuit breaker located between the switchboard and a power supply to remove the supply of power to the switchboard.

Jha, Kamal N. (Bethel Park, PA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Hot Pot Detail - Evidence of Quaternary Faulting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Compilation of published data, field observations and photo interpretation relevant to Quaternary faulting at Hot Pot.

Lane, Michael

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

66

Hot Pot Detail - Evidence of Quaternary Faulting  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Compilation of published data, field observations and photo interpretation relevant to Quaternary faulting at Hot Pot.

Lane, Michael

67

Earth-Fault Relay Equipment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... proving the reliability of the equipment. By Observing the operation of the relays at each substation with faults at selected points, the complete scheme can be put into operation with ...

1944-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

68

Development of secondary faults between en echelon, oblique-slip faults: examples from basement controlled, small-fault systems in the Llano Uplift of central Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between and oriented oblique to the bounding faults. With increasing displacement on the bounding faults, the system of secondary faults evolves from an Elementary to a Compound, to an Advanced geometry, which includes the formation of secondary... to the primary faults. Synthetic faults form interior to and ahead of the bounding faults, increasing the effective overlap. Displacements on antithetic faults are directly related to changes in displacement on associated bounding faults. Additionally...

Hedgcoxe, Howard Reiffert

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

69

Termination of a Major Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Termination of a Major Normal Fault: Major normal fault terminations or tip-lines sometimes split into multiple closely-spaced faults that result in increased...

70

Prediction of marine diesel engine performance under fault conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The diesel engine, due to its superior efficiency when compared to other thermal engines, is widely used for propulsion of marine vessels. Since in such applications the power concentration is critical, most marine diesel engines are of the turbocharged type. Turbocharging has a serious effect on engine performance due to the interaction between the turbocharger and the engine. This interaction makes the detection of engine faults extremely difficult since a specific fault affects the turbocharger and through it the engine. For this reason various methods have been proposed for the detection of engine faults. The present author has in the past presented a method for marine diesel diagnosis by processing measured engine data using a simulation model. In the present work a completely different approach is followed; an attempt is made to use a simulation model to predict marine diesel engine performance under various fault conditions. The method is applied to a newly built vessel powered by a slow speed two stroke marine diesel engine. Using the engine shop trial data obtained under propeller law the simulation model constants are determined, using an automatic method that has been developed. The comparison of results obtained with the data from the official shop trials confirms the accuracy of the model and its ability to predict almost all operating parameters of the engine. The model is then used to produce results by simulating various engine faults or faults of its subsystems. From this analysis their impact on various measurable engine parameters is determined. It is interesting to see that in the case of turbocharged engines some faults have a different effect when compared to naturally aspirated ones. Also, it is revealed that without the use of modeling in many cases it is relatively difficult to determine the actual cause for an engine malfunction, since the observed effects on engine performance are similar. The proposed method is promising and assists the engineer to understand the actual effect of various faults on engine performance. Also it can be used as a training tool since it is easy to simulate various engine faults, a procedure which is extremely difficult, if not impossible, to perform on the field.

Dimitrios T Hountalas

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Bisectional fault detection system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus, program product and method logically divide a group of nodes and causes node pairs comprising a node from each section to communicate. Results from the communications may be analyzed to determine performance characteristics, such as bandwidth and proper connectivity.

Archer, Charles Jens (Rochester, MN); Pinnow, Kurt Walter (Rochester, MN); Ratterman, Joseph D. (Rochester, MN); Smith, Brian Edward (Rochester, MN)

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

72

Microstructural characterization of high-manganese austenitic steels with different stacking fault energies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Microstructures of tensile-deformed high-manganese austenitic steels exhibiting twinning-induced plasticity were analyzed by electron backscatter diffraction pattern observation and X-ray diffraction measurement to examine the influence of differences in their stacking fault energies on twinning activity during deformation. The steel specimen with the low stacking fault energy of 15 mJ/m{sup 2} had a microstructure with a high population of mechanical twins than the steel specimen with the high stacking fault energy (25 mJ/m{sup 2}). The <111> and <100> fibers developed along the tensile axis, and mechanical twinning occurred preferentially in the <111> fiber. The Schmid factors for slip and twinning deformations can explain the origin of higher twinning activity in the <111> fiber. However, the high stacking fault energy suppresses the twinning activity even in the <111> fiber. A line profile analysis based on the X-ray diffraction data revealed the relationship between the characteristics of the deformed microstructures and the stacking fault energies of the steel specimens. Although the variation in dislocation density with the tensile deformation is not affected by the stacking fault energies, the effect of the stacking fault energies on the crystallite size refinement becomes significant with a decrease in the stacking fault energies. Moreover, the stacking fault probability, which was estimated from a peak-shift analysis of the 111 and 200 diffractions, was high for the specimen with low stacking fault energy. Regardless of the difference in the stacking fault energies of the steel specimens, the refined crystallite size has a certain correlation with the stacking fault probability, indicating that whether the deformation-induced crystallite-size refinement occurs depends directly on the stacking fault probability rather than on the stacking fault energies in the present steel specimens. - Highlights: {yields} We studied effects of stacking fault energies on deformed microstructures of steels. {yields} Correlations between texture and occurrence of mechanical twinning are discussed. {yields} Evolutions of dislocations and crystallite are analyzed by line profile analysis.

Sato, Shigeo, E-mail: s.sato@imr.tohoku.ac.jp [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Kwon, Eui-Pyo [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Imafuku, Muneyuki [Faculty of Engineering, Tokyo City University, Tokyo 158-8557 (Japan); Wagatsuma, Kazuaki [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Suzuki, Shigeru [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

73

Quaternary faults of west Texas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

North- and northwest-striking intermontane basins and associated normal faults in West Texas and adjacent Chihuahua, Mexico, formed in response to Basin and Range tectonism that began about 24 Ma ago. Data on the precise ages of faulted and unfaulted Quaternary deposits are sparse. However, age estimates made on the basis of field stratigraphic relationships and the degree of calcic soil development have helped determine that many of the faults that bound the basin margins ruptured since the middle Pleistocene and that some faults probably ruptured during the Holocene. Average recurrence intervals between surface ruptures since the middle Pleistocene appear to be relatively long, about 10,000 to 100,000 yr. Maximum throw during single rupture events have been between 1 and 3 m. Historic seismicity in West Texas is low compared to seismicity in many parts of the Basin and Range province. The largest historic earthquake, the 1931 Valentine earthquake in Ryan Flat/Lobo Valley, had a magnitude of 6.4 and no reported surface rupture. The most active Quaternary faults occur within the 120-km-long Hueco Bolson, the 70-km-long Red Light Bolson, and the > 200-km-long Salt Basins/Wild Horse Flat/Lobo Valley/Ryan Flat.

Collins, E.W.; Raney, J.A. (Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Bureau of Economic Geology)

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Coordinated Fault-Tolerance for High-Performance Computing Final Project Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the Coordinated Infrastructure for Fault Tolerance Systems (CIFTS, as the original project came to be called) project, our aim has been to understand and tackle the following broad research questions, the answers to which will help the HEC community analyze and shape the direction of research in the field of fault tolerance and resiliency on future high-end leadership systems. #15; Will availability of global fault information, obtained by fault information exchange between the different HEC software on a system, allow individual system software to better detect, diagnose, and adaptively respond to faults? If fault-awareness is raised throughout the system through fault information exchange, is it possible to get all system software working together to provide a more comprehensive end-to-end fault management on the system? #15; What are the missing fault-tolerance features that widely used HEC system software lacks today that would inhibit such software from taking advantage of systemwide global fault information? #15; What are the practical limitations of a systemwide approach for end-to-end fault management based on fault awareness and coordination? #15; What mechanisms, tools, and technologies are needed to bring about fault awareness and coordination of responses on a leadership-class system? #15; What standards, outreach, and community interaction are needed for adoption of the concept of fault awareness and coordination for fault management on future systems? Keeping our overall objectives in mind, the CIFTS team has taken a parallel fourfold approach. #15; Our central goal was to design and implement a light-weight, scalable infrastructure with a simple, standardized interface to allow communication of fault-related information through the system and facilitate coordinated responses. This work led to the development of the Fault Tolerance Backplane (FTB) publish-subscribe API specification, together with a reference implementation and several experimental implementations on top of existing publish-subscribe tools. #15; We enhanced the intrinsic fault tolerance capabilities representative implementations of a variety of key HPC software subsystems and integrated them with the FTB. Targeting software subsystems included: MPI communication libraries, checkpoint/restart libraries, resource managers and job schedulers, and system monitoring tools. #15; Leveraging the aforementioned infrastructure, as well as developing and utilizing additional tools, we have examined issues associated with expanded, end-to-end fault response from both system and application viewpoints. From the standpoint of system operations, we have investigated log and root cause analysis, anomaly detection and fault prediction, and generalized notification mechanisms. Our applications work has included libraries for fault-tolerance linear algebra, application frameworks for coupled multiphysics applications, and external frameworks to support the monitoring and response for general applications. #15; Our final goal was to engage the high-end computing community to increase awareness of tools and issues around coordinated end-to-end fault management.

Panda, Dhabaleswar Kumar [The Ohio State University; Beckman, Pete

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Definition: Fault Current Limiter | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Limiter Limiter Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Fault Current Limiter A fault current limiter prevents current in an electrical circuit from exceeding a predetermined level by increasing the electrical impedance of that circuit before the current through the circuit exceeds that level. Fault current limiters are designed so as to minimize the impedance of the circuit under normal conditions to reduce losses, but increase the impedance of the circuit under fault conditions to limit fault current.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A Fault Current Limiter (FCL) is a device which limits the prospective fault current when a fault occurs (e.g. in a power transmission network). The term includes superconducting devices and non-superconducting devices, however some of the more simple non-superconducting devices (such

76

Definition: Fault Current Limiting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Limiting Limiting Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Fault Current Limiting Fault current limiting can be achieved through sensors, communications, information processing, and actuators that allow the utility to use a higher degree of network coordination to reconfigure the system to prevent fault currents from exceeding damaging levels. Fault current limiting can also be achieved through the implementation of special stand alone devices known as Fault Current Limiters (FCLs) which act to automatically limit high through currents that occur during faults.[1] Related Terms fault, fault current limiter References ↑ SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Functions' Temp LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. late:ISGANAttributionsmart grid,smart grid,smart grid,smart grid,

77

Development of Superconducting AC Fault Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors have developed a new superconducting fault current limiter whose impedance during normal operation is very small. During fault conditions, the limiter behaves as a superconducting reactor. The limiter

Daisuke Ito; Eriko Yoneda; Tsutomu Fujioka…

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Test on Superconducting AC Fault Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors have developed a new superconducting fault current limiter whose impedance during normal operation is very small. During fault conditions, the limiter behaves as a superconducting reactor. The limiter

Daisuke Ito; Eriko S. Yoneda…

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

PREEARTHQUAKE AND POSTEARTHQUAKE CREEP ON THE IMPERIAL FAULT AND THE BRAWLEY FAULT ZONE1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Goulty and others, 1978). The 1979 Imperial Valley earthquake was associated with surface faultingPREEARTHQUAKE AND POSTEARTHQUAKE CREEP ON THE IMPERIAL FAULT AND THE BRAWLEY FAULT ZONE1 By STEPHEN, and 2 years ofsurveys from two nail files suggests that creep events on the Imperial fault 2 to 5 months

Tai, Yu-Chong

80

Algorithm-dependent fault tolerance for distributed computing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large-scale distributed systems assembled from commodity parts, like CPlant, have become common tools in the distributed computing world. Because of their size and diversity of parts, these systems are prone to failures. Applications that are being run on these systems have not been equipped to efficiently deal with failures, nor is there vendor support for fault tolerance. Thus, when a failure occurs, the application crashes. While most programmers make use of checkpoints to allow for restarting of their applications, this is cumbersome and incurs substantial overhead. In many cases, there are more efficient and more elegant ways in which to address failures. The goal of this project is to develop a software architecture for the detection of and recovery from faults in a cluster computing environment. The detection phase relies on the latest techniques developed in the fault tolerance community. Recovery is being addressed in an application-dependent manner, thus allowing the programmer to take advantage of algorithmic characteristics to reduce the overhead of fault tolerance. This architecture will allow large-scale applications to be more robust in high-performance computing environments that are comprised of clusters of commodity computers such as CPlant and SMP clusters.

P. D. Hough; M. e. Goldsby; E. J. Walsh

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Fault tolerant supercomputing: a software approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Adding fault tolerance to embedded supercomputing applications is becoming an issue of great significance, especially as these applications support critical parts of our everyday life in the modern "Information Society". To this end, a software middleware ... Keywords: embedded parallel and distributed systems, fault-tolerant communication, high performance computing, maintainability, separation of design concerns, software fault tolerance, user-specified recovery strategies

E. Verentziotis; T. Varvarigou; D. Vergados; G. Deconinck

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Faulting characteristics of supershear earthquakes Michel Bouchon a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

during a Mw 6.5 strike-slip earthquake in California, the 1979 Imperial Valley earthquake (Archuleta rupture was reported. A possibility to account for the Imperial Valley observation and the lack of further

83

Fault-tolerant TCP mechanisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

While fault-tolerance is supported by a variety of critical services that can be accessed over the Internet, they are not robust in that they are oblivious of the impact of their tolerant mechanisms on the service they deliver. Throughputs and fail...

Satapati, Suresh Kumar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

84

Rotor current transient analysis of DFIG-based wind turbines during symmetrical voltage faults  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The impact of grid voltage fault on doubly fed induction generators (DFIGs), especially rotor currents, has received much attention. So, in this paper, the rotor currents of based-DFIG wind turbines are considered in a generalized way, which can be widely used to analyze the cases under different levels of voltage symmetrical faults. A direct method based on space vector is proposed to obtain an accurate expression of rotor currents as a function of time for symmetrical voltage faults in the power system. The presented theoretical analysis is simple and easy to understand and especially highlights the accuracy of the expression. Finally, the comparable simulations evaluate this analysis and show that the expression of the rotor currents is sufficient to calculate the maximum fault current, DC and AC components, and especially helps to understand the causes of the problem and as a result, contributes to adapt reasonable approaches to enhance the fault ride through (FRT) capability of DFIG wind turbines during a voltage fault.

Yu Ling; Xu Cai; Ningbo Wang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Landsat TM processing in the investigation of active fault zones, South Lajas Valley Fault Zone and Cerro Goden Fault Zone as an example  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

unrecognized east- west trending fault crossing an alluvial fan on the southern side of the Lajas Valley, SWLandsat TM processing in the investigation of active fault zones, South Lajas Valley Fault Zone and geophysical data, to delineate the lateral extent of two fault zones, the South Lajas Valley Fault Zone (SLVFZ

Gilbes, Fernando

86

Thoughts Regarding the Dimensions of Faults at Rainier and Aqueduct Mesas, Nye County, Nevada, Based on Surface and Underground Mapping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The geologic setting and history, along with observations through 50 years of detailed geologic field work, show that large-displacement (i.e., greater than 30 meters of displacement) syn- to post-volcanic faults are rare in the Rainier Mesa area. Faults observed in tunnels and drill holes are mostly tight, with small displacements (most less than 1.5 meters) and small associated damage zones. Faults are much more abundant in the zeolitized tuffs than in the overlying vitric tuffs, and there is little evidence that faults extend downward from the tuff section through the argillic paleocolluvium into pre-Tertiary rocks. The differences in geomechanical characteristics of the various tuff lithologies at Rainier Mesa suggest that most faults on Rainer Mesa are limited to the zeolitic units sandwiched between the overlying vitric bedded tuffs and the underlying pre-Tertiary units (lower carbonate aquifer–3, lower clastic confining unit–1, and Mesozoic granite confining unit).

Drellack, S.L.; Prothro, L.B.; Townsend, M.J.; Townsend, D.R.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, VOL. 14, NO. 2, JUNE 2004 883 Design and Cooling Characteristic Results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characteristic Results of Cryogenic System for 6.6 kV/200 A Inductive Fault Current Limiter Hyoungku Kang, Min-cooled cryogenic cooling system for 1.2 kV/80 A inductive Superconducting Fault Current Limiter (SFCL.830309 TABLE I CHARACTERISTICS OF HTS TAPES tics of the sub-cooled nitrogen cooling system for DC reactor of 6

Chang, Ho-Myung

88

Apex or Salient of Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Dictionary.png Apex or Salient of Normal Fault: Normal faults may intersect in the subsurface to form a fault apex or salient. Apices or salients of normal faults account for 3% of structural controls in the Great Basin. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Controlling Structures List of controlling structures typically associated with geothermal systems: Major Normal Fault Termination of a Major Normal Fault Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Fault Intersection Accommodation Zone Displacement Transfer Zone Pull-Apart in Strike-Slip Fault Zone Intrusion Margins and Associated Fractures Stratigraphic Boundaries

89

A fault location approach for fuzzy fault section estimation on radial distribution feeders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measured at feeder substations and the fault distance algorithm was tested using data obtained by staging faults on a model of an overhead feeder using EMTP/ATP simulation. The results obtained from the tests were promising. A simple illustration...

Andoh, Kwame Sarpong

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

90

Optimal power flow considering fault current level constraints and fault current limiters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The aim of this paper is to present a novel method to dispatch the active generation power properly in the power system while incorporating fault current levels as constraints for the optimization problem. Due to the limited capacity of protective devices such as circuit breakers, allocating active power without considering fault current levels can probably lead to fault currents exceeding the rating of these devices. Hence restricting the fault current levels to an allowable amount while minimizing a specified objective function seems to be necessary. In a number of cases even the appropriate allocation of active power is not able to reduce the fault current levels to the permitted amount therefore using fault current limiters (FCL) is unavoidable. In this paper also a planning scheme is presented for the location and sizing of fault current limiters and the effect of fault current limiters on the objective functions is investigated.

Amirhossein Khazali; Mohsen Kalantar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

An algorithm for faulted phase and feeder selection under high impedance fault conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

substation. One-line diagram of a distribution system with two feeders. Typical high impedance fault, showing little or no change in phase voltage due to the fault. . Phase voltage and high frequency current component during a staged high impedance... substation. One-line diagram of a distribution system with two feeders. Typical high impedance fault, showing little or no change in phase voltage due to the fault. . Phase voltage and high frequency current component during a staged high impedance...

Benner, Carl Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

92

Summary of Superconducting Fault Current Limiter Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years, superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) has become one of the forefront topics of current-limiting technology in the world. In this...

Linmang Wang; Pengzan Jiang; Dada Wang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

A novel KICA–PCA fault detection model for condition process of hydroelectric generating unit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Fault detection and diagnosis of hydroelectric generating unit (HGU) have significant importance to the security of hydropower plant and the power system. In recent years, many fault detection methods based on spectral characteristic of vibration signals have been published. However, some faults cannot be effectively recognized just with spectral features for condition process monitoring of HGU. Thus, this study presents a novel fault detection model based on kernel independent component analysis and principal component analysis (KICA–PCA) monitoring model for condition process of HGU. Each of the condition processes is equivalent to a multivariate statistical process monitoring (MSPM). KICA–PCA model of the specific MSPM is trained by normal condition process data at first. Then, confidence limits of two monitoring indices (Hotelling’s T2 statistic and SPE statistic) of the trained KICA–PCA model are used to monitor the same condition process and detect fault online. Moreover, the proposed monitoring model is applied to a real condition process of HGU. Compared to ICA–PCA and PCA monitoring model, the proposed model has superior performance in fault detection.

Wenlong Zhu; Jianzhong Zhou; Xin Xia; Chaoshun Li; Jian Xiao; Han Xiao; Xinxin Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Research on Fault Analysis and Fault-Tolerant Control of EV/HEV Powertrain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

presents research works in the topics of fault analysis and fault tolerant control of an electric vehicle mechanism (transition strategy) at sensor fault occurrence. Index Terms--Electric vehicle, induction motor-tolerant AC motor drives in industrial applications [9-10- 41]. II. ELECTRIC VEHICLE POWERTRAIN COMPONENTS

Brest, Université de

95

Structural Heterogeneity and Permeability in Faulted Eolian Sandstone: Implications for Subsurface Modeling of Faults  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...fault that could be hydraulically significant in a reservoir...Reynolds and E. D. Dolly, eds., Mesozoic paleogeography...Jones, 1998, Fault-controlled communication in the...Reynolds and E. D. Dolly, eds., Mesozoic paleogeog-raphy...Jones, 1998, Fault-controlled communication in theSleipner...

Zoe K. Shipton; James P. Evans; Kim R. Robeson; Craig B. Forster; Stephen Snelgrove

96

Non-Stationary Spectral Estimation for Wind Turbine Induction Generator Faults Detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- or indirect-drive, fixed- or variable-speed turbine generators, advanced signal processing tools are required the time-varying fault characteristic frequency and the related energy. Furthermore, a decision- making was performed using advanced signal processing techniques such as demodulation techniques [8], [9] and time-frequency

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

97

Automatic fault detection on BIPV systems without solar irradiation data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIPV systems are small PV generation units spread out over the territory, and whose characteristics are very diverse. This makes difficult a cost-effective procedure for monitoring, fault detection, performance analyses, operation and maintenance. As a result, many problems affecting BIPV systems go undetected. In order to carry out effective automatic fault detection procedures, we need a performance indicator that is reliable and that can be applied on many PV systems at a very low cost. The existing approaches for analyzing the performance of PV systems are often based on the Performance Ratio (PR), whose accuracy depends on good solar irradiation data, which in turn can be very difficult to obtain or cost-prohibitive for the BIPV owner. We present an alternative fault detection procedure based on a performance indicator that can be constructed on the sole basis of the energy production data measured at the BIPV systems. This procedure does not require the input of operating conditions data, such as solar ...

Leloux, Jonathan; Luna, Alberto; Desportes, Adrien

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Low-cost motor drive embedded fault diagnosis systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric motors are used widely in industrial manufacturing plants. Bearing faults, insulation faults, and rotor faults are the major causes of electric motor failures. Based on the line current analysis, this dissertation mainly deals with the low...

Akin, Bilal

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

99

A transformer type fault current limiter with spark gap  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel fault current limiter (FCL) is proposed in this paper. ... of the capacitor. During the short-circuit faults, the FCL resonantly produces a high impedance in the fault circuit after the breakdown of the s...

Zhang Xiaoqing; Ming Li

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Accurate resistive bridge fault modeling, simulation, and test generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resistive bridging faults in CMOS combinational circuits are studied in this work. Bridging faults are modeled using HSPICE circuit simulation of the various types of bridging faults that can occur in CMOS combinational circuits. The results...

Sar-Dessai, Vijay Ramesh

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Simulation of Sensor Fault Diagnosis for Wind Turbine Generators DFIG and PMSM Using Kalman Filter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The fault detection and isolation of generators used in wind turbines gathering interest as to maximize the reliability and avail of distributed energy systems with recent unmatched growth in construction of offshore wind farms. In particular it is interested in performing fault detection and isolation (FDI) of incipient faults affecting the measurements of the three-phase signals (currents) in a controlled DFIG and PMSG. Although different authors have dealt with FDI for sensors in induction machines and in DFIGs, most of them rely on the machine model with constant parameters. However, the parameter uncertainties due to changes in the operating conditions will produce degradation in the performance of such FDI systems. The robust techniques to detect faults are exist but there is a need of extra sensor. This paper proposed a systematic methodology for the design of sensor FDI systems with the following characteristics: i) capable of detecting and isolating incipient additive (bias) faults, ii) robust against changes in the references/disturbances affecting the controlled DFIG and PMSG as well as modeling/parametric uncertainties, iii) residual generation system based on a multi-observer strategy to enhance the isolation process, The designed sensor FDI systems have been validated using measured voltages, as well as simulated data from a controlled DFIG. First the state space models of DFIG and PMSM explained followed by kalman filter introduction and current sensor fault detection using a bank of kalman filter named dedicated Observer Scheme and generalized Observer scheme to detect simultaneous and multiple faults was theorized and simulated using MATLAB simulation tool .The simulation results were summarized with and without Sensor fault.

R. Saravanakumar; M. Manimozhi; D.P. Kothari; M. Tejenosh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Off-fault Damage Associated with a Localized Bend in the North Branch San Gabriel Fault, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and microstructural study focused on structural domains before, within, and after the fault bend on both sides of the fault. Subsidiary fault fabrics are similar in all domains outside the bend, which suggests a steady state fracture density and orientation...

Becker, Andrew 1987-

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

103

Investigation of active faulting at the Emigrant Peak fault in Nevada using shallow seismic reflection and ground penetrating radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this study was to assess fault displacement, off-fault deformation, and alluvial fan stratigraphy at the Emigrant Peak fault zone (EPFZ) in Fish Lake Valley, Nevada utilizing shallow seismic reflection (SSR) and ground penetrating...

Christie, Michael Wayne

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

104

An Assessment of Fault Current Limiter Testing Requirements ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

An Assessment of Fault Current Limiter Testing Requirements An Assessment of Fault Current Limiter Testing Requirements The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Electricity...

105

fault diagnosis of a high voltage transmission line using waveform ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 4, 2013 ... FAULT DIAGNOSIS OF A HIGH VOLTAGE TRANSMISSION LINE USING ... Fault types such as single line to ground, line to line, double line to ...

Ripunjoy Phukan

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

106

Development of a bridge fault extractor tool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bhat, B. Tech, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. D. M. H. Walker Dr. Jiang Hu Bridge fault extractors... Bhat, B. Tech, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. D. M. H. Walker Dr. Jiang Hu Bridge fault extractors...

Bhat, Nandan D.

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

107

FaultLocal Distributed Mending (Extended Abstract)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As communication networks grow, existing fault handling tools that involve global measures such as global time­outs or reset procedures become increasingly unaffordable, since their cost grows with the size of the network. Rather, for a fault handling mechanism to scale to large networks, its cost must depend only

Kutten, Shay

108

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton Junedirectly. Understanding Crude Oil Prices* James D. Hamilton

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Heterogeneous slip and rupture models of the San Andreas fault zone based upon three-dimensional earthquake tomography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crystal fault zones exhibit spatially heterogeneous slip behavior at all scales, slip being partitioned between stable frictional sliding, or fault creep, and unstable earthquake rupture. An understanding the mechanisms underlying slip segmentation is fundamental to research into fault dynamics and the physics of earthquake generation. This thesis investigates the influence that large-scale along-strike heterogeneity in fault zone lithology has on slip segmentation. Large-scale transitions from the stable block sliding of the Central 4D Creeping Section of the San Andreas, fault to the locked 1906 and 1857 earthquake segments takes place along the Loma Prieta and Parkfield sections of the fault, respectively, the transitions being accomplished in part by the generation of earthquakes in the magnitude range 6 (Parkfield) to 7 (Loma Prieta). Information on sub-surface lithology interpreted from the Loma Prieta and Parkfield three-dimensional crustal velocity models computed by Michelini (1991) is integrated with information on slip behavior provided by the distributions of earthquakes located using, the three-dimensional models and by surface creep data to study the relationships between large-scale lithological heterogeneity and slip segmentation along these two sections of the fault zone.

Foxall, W.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Fault-tolerant control for current sensors of doubly fed induction generators based on an improved fault detection method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Fault-tolerant control of current sensors is studied in this paper to improve the reliability of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG). A fault-tolerant control system of current sensors is presented for the DFIG, which consists of a new current observer and an improved current sensor fault detection algorithm. The current observer is constructed by using only voltage signals as inputs. The fault detection algorithm is based on the current observer, in which an adaptive threshold and different fault duration times are considered. The performance of the proposed observer, improved fault detection algorithm, and fault-tolerant control system are investigated by simulation. The results indicate that the outputs of the observer and the sensor are highly coherent. The fault detection algorithm can efficiently detect both soft and hard faults in current sensors, and the fault-tolerant control system can effectively tolerate both types of faults.

H. Li; C. Yang; Y.G. Hu; B. Zhao; M. Zhao; Z. Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Effect of wind generation system types on Micro-Grid (MG) fault performance during both standalone and grid connected modes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recently, there are three wind generation (WG) system types. The first type is called Fixed Speed Wind Generation (FSWG) system, which employs squirrel cage induction generators. Double Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) is utilized in the second type. The third type is called Full Converter Wind Generation (FCWG) system, which is interfaced with Micro-Grid (MG) through a back to back converter. During fault occurrence, each WG has its performance and characteristics which are determined by the generator physical characteristics and the MG earthing system configuration. For some WG types, the fault current depends also on the control algorithm of the power converter. The main target of this paper is to investigate and estimate how the fault performance of MG during both standalone and grid-connected modes is influenced by the type of WG. It is found during standalone mode that the type of the employed WG has a dominant impact on the MG performance under fault disturbance. On the contrary, the type of the employed WG has a negligible effect on the MG fault performance during grid-connected mode. This is because the main grid contributes most of the fault current. Effects of earthing system type on MG performance are highlighted.

Rashad M. Kamel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

High-resistance faults on a multi-terminal line: Analysis, simulated studies and an adaptive distance relaying scheme  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The presence of a T-connection to a third terminal can drastically affect the performance of a distance relay at the other terminals. Fault resistance, especially high fault resistance, makes this problem more severe and complicated. Detailed analysis of the apparent impedance for these cases as seen from the relaying point is derived and, based on extensive simulations of the infeed/outfeed and fault-resistance effects on the relay characteristics, an adaptive distance relaying scheme is proposed. A microprocessor based distance relay using this new technique can quickly respond to very-high-resistance faults with maximum coverage of the protected line. The validity of this new scheme has been confirmed by real-time testing on a prototype hardware scheme.

Xia, Y.Q. (Tianjin Univ. (China)); David, A.K.; Li, K.K. (Hong Kong Polytechnic, Kowloon (Hong Kong))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

TRANSIENT PROCESSOR/BUS FAULT TOLERANCE FOR EMBEDDED SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRANSIENT PROCESSOR/BUS FAULT TOLERANCE FOR EMBEDDED SYSTEMS With hybrid redundancy and data the schedule length overhead. Keywords: real-time embedded systems, safety-critical systems, transient faults, ecological, and/or financial disasters) that could result from a fault, these systems must be fault

Girault, Alain

114

Quantification of Priority-OR gates in temporal fault trees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fault Tree Analysis has been used in reliability engineering for many decades and has seen various modifications to enable it to analyse fault trees with dynamic and temporal gates so it can incorporate sequential failure in its analysis. Pandora is ... Keywords: Markov chains, Monte Carlo, Pandora, dynamic fault trees, fault trees, safety

Ernest Edifor; Martin Walker; Neil Gordon

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Intelligent fault prediction system based on internet of things  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fault prediction is the key technology to ensure the safe operation of large equipment. Based on the investigation of current and developing research of fault prediction, an intelligent fault prediction system based on internet of things is proposed ... Keywords: Fault prediction, Intelligent computer information processing, Internet of things, Mechanical equipment groups, Predictive maintenance

Xiaoli Xu; Tao Chen; Mamoru Minami

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Bearing fault severity estimation using time-based descriptors for rotating electric machines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper evaluates the bearing fault severity in rotating electric machines based on the time-based descriptors derived from machine vibration signal. Time-based descriptors are independent of bearing dimensions and machine dynamics. To establish the relationship between the time-based descriptor and bearing fault severity, a wide range of defective bearings are examined on an experimental set-up and the factors contributing to the value of time-based descriptor are determined. The application of this technique to the bearing faults such as rolling element, inner-race and outer-race fault, has confirmed that time-based descriptor successfully measures the severity of faults. The significance of time-based descriptors has been evaluated and tested by developing online bearing failure situation via shaft current. Since the time-based descriptors are independent of dimensions and characteristic frequencies of the bearing, the severity estimation is less sensitive to operating conditions for data acquisition. The laboratory investigations on 10-hp cage induction motor are presented.

Rajesh Patel; S.P. Gupta; Vinod Kumar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Statistical Fault Detection for Parallel Applications with AutomaDeD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Today's largest systems have over 100,000 cores, with million-core systems expected over the next few years. The large component count means that these systems fail frequently and often in very complex ways, making them difficult to use and maintain. While prior work on fault detection and diagnosis has focused on faults that significantly reduce system functionality, the wide variety of failure modes in modern systems makes them likely to fail in complex ways that impair system performance but are difficult to detect and diagnose. This paper presents AutomaDeD, a statistical tool that models the timing behavior of each application task and tracks its behavior to identify any abnormalities. If any are observed, AutomaDeD can immediately detect them and report to the system administrator the task where the problem began. This identification of the fault's initial manifestation can provide administrators with valuable insight into the fault's root causes, making it significantly easier and cheaper for them to understand and repair it. Our experimental evaluation shows that AutomaDeD detects a wide range of faults immediately after they occur 80% of the time, with a low false-positive rate. Further, it identifies weaknesses of the current approach that motivate future research.

Bronevetsky, G; Laguna, I; Bagchi, S; de Supinski, B R; Ahn, D; Schulz, M

2010-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

118

Stacking and twin faults in close-packed crystal structures: exact description of random faulting statistics for the full range of faulting probabilities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model of independent random faulting in face-centered-cubic and hexagonal close packing considering single deformation faults or twin faulting is revisited. The approach allows the analysis, within the random model, of the whole range of faulting probabilities. Several descriptions of the underlying faulting process are presented which allows the derivation of different properties of the faulted sequences. The probability of finding two layers of the same type layers apart is derived. It is shown that previous generalizations did not account for mixed terms in the final probability expressions.

Estevez-Rams, E.

2008-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

119

Observations and modeling of shallow fault creep along the San Andreas Fault System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

refraction survey of the Imperial Valley region, California,earthquake, in The Imperial Valley, California, EarthquakeSlip on faults in the Imperial Valley triggered by the 4

Wei, Meng

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Injection Technologies for Fault Attacks on Microprocessors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fault injection technique we will analyze in detail in Sect. 16.3, is the constant under-powering of a computing device. By running the chip with a depleted power supply, the attacker is able to insert transi...

Alessandro Barenghi; Guido M. Bertoni; Luca Breveglieri…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Supporting fault-tolerant communication in networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We address two problems dealing with fault-tolerant communication in networks. The first one is designing a distributed storage protocol tolerant to Byzantine failure of servers. The protocol implements a multi-writer multi-reader register which...

Kanjani, Khushboo

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

122

Automated Fault Location In Smart Distribution Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measured at the power substation during a single phase to ground fault clearance [17] .............................................. 111 Figure 26 Analyzed signal using wavelet transform from phase B current during a fault [17..., but are not limited to, substation and feeder relay, intelligent controllers for capacitor bank switches or reclosers, Automatic Meter Reading (AMR) systems installed at the customer sites, power quality meters installed at strategic locations in the system, low...

Lotfifard, Saeed

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

123

Understanding Causal Coherence Relations.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The research reported in this dissertation focuses on the cognitive processes and representations involved in understanding causal coherence relations in text. Coherence relations are the… (more)

Mulder, G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Adaptive wavelet transform for vibration signal modelling and application in fault diagnosis of water hydraulic motor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There has been an increasing application of water hydraulics in industries due to growing concern on the environmental, health and safety issues. The fault diagnosis of water hydraulic motor is important for improving water hydraulic system reliability and performance. In this paper, fault diagnosis of water hydraulic motor in water hydraulic system is investigated based on adaptive wavelet analysis. A novel method for modelling the vibration signal based on the adaptive wavelet transform (AWT) is proposed. The linear combination of wavelets is introduced as wavelet itself and adapted for the particular vibration signal, which goes beyond adapting parameters of a fixed-shape wavelet. The AWT procedure based on the parametric optimisation by genetic algorithm (GA) is developed. The model-based method by AWT is applied to extract the features in the fault diagnosis of the water hydraulic motor. This technique for de-noising the corrupted simulation signal shows that it can improve the signal-to-noise ratio of the vibration signal. The results of the experimental signal demonstrate the characteristic vibration signal details in fine resolution. The magnitude plots of the continuous wavelet transform (CWT) show the characteristic signal's energy in time and frequency domain which can be used as feature values for fault diagnosis of water hydraulic motor.

H.X. Chen; Patrick S.K. Chua; G.H. Lim

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Development of a Hydrologic Characterization Technology for Fault Zones Final Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrologic Characterization Technology of Fault Zones, Phaseof Characterization Technology for Fault Zones, LBNL-1635E,Characterization on Technology of Fault Zones – Phase II

Karasaki, Kenzi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

E-Print Network 3.0 - andreas fault zone Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chester Summary: accommodated along large plate-boundary faults like the San Andreas transform fault in California. These faults... depend in part on the structure of the tabular...

127

E-Print Network 3.0 - active fault zone Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Earth Structure (2nd Edition), 2004 Summary: 292010 Oceanic Transform Faults and Fracture Zones Transform Fault: Active displacement. Fracture Zone: Fossil... fault, no active...

128

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic fault management Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2000 Tutorial on Summary: Management 5. Fault Tolerant Applications 6. Fault Tolerant Hello Server Example 12;Tutorial on Fault... Systems, Inc, 2000 Who Has Control? ...

129

Measuring and Modeling Fault Density for Plume-Fault Encounter Probability Estimation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Emission of carbon dioxide from fossil-fueled power generation stations contributes to global climate change. Storage of this carbon dioxide within the pores of geologic strata (geologic carbon storage) is one approach to mitigating the climate change that would otherwise occur. The large storage volume needed for this mitigation requires injection into brine-filled pore space in reservoir strata overlain by cap rocks. One of the main concerns of storage in such rocks is leakage via faults. In the early stages of site selection, site-specific fault coverages are often not available. This necessitates a method for using available fault data to develop an estimate of the likelihood of injected carbon dioxide encountering and migrating up a fault, primarily due to buoyancy. Fault population statistics provide one of the main inputs to calculate the encounter probability. Previous fault population statistics work is shown to be applicable to areal fault density statistics. This result is applied to a case study in the southern portion of the San Joaquin Basin with the result that the probability of a carbon dioxide plume from a previously planned injection had a 3% chance of encountering a fully seal offsetting fault.

Jordan, P.D.; Oldenburg, C.M.; Nicot, J.-P.

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

130

"giant faults" does not lead to total failure, because the displacement equivalent to the fault  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"giant faults" does not lead to total failure, because the displacement equivalent to the fault changes in physical properties by cold working seen in Fig. 1 are attributed to this accumulated nanoscale as supporting material on Science Online. 5. T. W. Duerig, A. R. Pelton, in Materials Properties Handbook

Rubloff, Gary W.

131

Stress and fault rock controls on fault zone hydrology, Coso geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Stress and fault rock controls on fault zone hydrology, Coso geothermal field, CA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Stress and fault rock controls on fault zone hydrology, Coso geothermal field, CA Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: In crystalline rock of the Coso Geothermal Field, CA, fractures are the primary source of permeability. At reservoir depths, borehole image, temperature, and mud logs indicate fluid flow is concentrated in extensively fractured damage zones of large faults well-oriented for slip.

132

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crude023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton June

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Modelling and Simulation of Inductive Fault Current Limiters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inductive superconducting fault current limiters have already demonstrated their technical viability in electrical networks. Its architecture and robustness make them potentially adequate for distribution networks, and this type of devices is considered as an enabling technology for the advent of embedded generation with renewable energy sources. In order to promote the growth and maturity of these superconducting technologies, fast design tools must be developed, allowing simulating devices with different materials in grids with diverse characteristics. This work presents advances in the development of such tool, which, at present stage, is an effective alternative to software simulations by finite elements methods, reducing dramatically computation time. The algorithms are now compared with experimental results from a laboratory scale prototype, showing the need to refine them.

João Murta Pina; Pedro Pereira; Anabela Pronto; Pedro Arsénio; Tiago Silva

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Geometry of Cenozoic extensional faulting: Dixie Valley, Nevada | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geometry of Cenozoic extensional faulting: Dixie Valley, Nevada Geometry of Cenozoic extensional faulting: Dixie Valley, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Geometry of Cenozoic extensional faulting: Dixie Valley, Nevada Abstract Precise definition of geometric relationships between individual basins and ranges may help to reveal the mechanical processes of Basin and Range Cenozoic extensional faulting at depth. Previous studies have attempted to identify simple horsts and grabens, tilted crustal blocks with planar faulting, or tilted crustal blocks with listric faulting in the shallow crust. Normal faults defining these crustal blocks may root (1) individually in the ductile lower crust, (2) in regional or local low-angle detachment faults, or (3) in igneous intrusions or decoupling surfaces

135

Robust model-based fault diagnosis for chemical process systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

diagnosis systems, which use limited information about the process model to robustly detect, discriminate, and reconstruct instrumentation faults. Broadly, the proposed method consists of a novel nonlinear state and parameter estimator coupled with a fault...

Rajaraman, Srinivasan

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

136

New approach to the fault location problem using synchronized sampling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a new approach to solving the problem of fault location on a transmission line using synchronized data from both ends of the line. The synchronized phase voltage and current samples taken during the fault transient are used...

Mrkic, Jasna

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

137

A hybrid fault tolerance technique in grid computing system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to achieve high level of reliability and availability, the grid infrastructure should be a foolproof fault tolerant. Fault tolerance plays a key role in order to assert availability and reliability of...

Kalim Qureshi; Fiaz Gul Khan; Paul Manuel; Babar Nazir

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Scalable, Fault-tolerant Management in a Service Oriented Architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scalable, Fault-tolerant Management in a Service Oriented Architecture Harshawardhan Gadgil: Scalable, Fault-tolerance, Service Oriented Management, Architecture 1. Introduction With the explosion. The service-oriented architecture provides a simple and flexible framework for building sophisticated

139

Dynamic Inductance in Saturated Cores Fault Current Limiters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The saturated cores Fault Current Limiter (FCL) is one of the leading ... for providing a commercial robust solution to the fault current problem. Basically, the saturated cores FCL ... its saturated cores state ...

Y. Nikulshin; Y. Wolfus; A. Friedman…

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Modeling and Simulation of Resistive Superconducting Fault-Current Limiters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Superconducting fault-current limiters (SFCL) offer ideal performance in electrical ... simulation model for a novel resistive type superconducting fault-current limiter is proposed. This model includes the elect...

S. Nemdili; S. Belkhiat

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Consequences of Fault Currents Contributed by Distributed Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consequences of Fault Currents Contributed by Distributed Generation Intermediate Project Report Currents Contributed by Distributed Generation Intermediate Report for the Project "New Implications in systems with distributed generation. The main concept described is that fault current throughout power

142

IVF: characterizing the vulnerability of microprocessor structures to intermittent faults  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the advancement of CMOS manufacturing process to nano-scale, future shipped microprocessors will be increasingly vulnerable to intermittent faults. Quantitatively characterizing the vulnerability of microprocessor structures to intermittent faults ...

Songjun Pan; Yu Hu; Xiaowei Li

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Design and analysis of a fault tolerant network processor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis investigates the effect of transient faults on a processor and proposes on-chip fault tolerant design techniques to improve its reliability. The target processor is a general 32-bit, four stage pipeline, dual context RISC style design...

Desai, Shaishav A

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

144

Dining philosophers with masking tolerance to crash faults  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the tolerance of dining philosopher algorithms subject to process crash faults in arbitrary conflict graphs. This classic problem is unsolvable in asynchronous message-passing systems subject to even a single crash fault. By contrast...

Idimadakala, Vijaya K.

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

Detachment Faulting & Geothermal Resources- Pearl Hot Spring, NV  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Detachment Faulting & Geothermal Resources - Pearl Hot Spring, NV presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

146

A method for quantitative fault diagnosability analysis of stochastic linear descriptor models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Analyzing fault diagnosability performance for a given model, before developing a diagnosis algorithm, can be used to answer questions like ''How difficult is it to detect a fault f"i?'' or ''How difficult is it to isolate a fault f"i from a fault f"j?''. ... Keywords: Fault detection and isolation, Fault diagnosability analysis, Model-based diagnosis

Daniel Eriksson; Erik Frisk; Mattias Krysander

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Fault diagnosis of electric railway traction substation with model-based relation guiding algorithm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Most diagnosis systems used in electric railway traction substation are expert systems based on experience, which cannot diagnose faults beyond experience and are very difficult for transplantation and maintenance. In this paper, the model-based diagnosis (MBD) with integration reasoning is firstly used for fault diagnosis of electric railway traction substation. Aiming at the structural characteristics and actual demands of traction substation, we propose a detailed application plan. Rules for element and system models are established. In addition, we propose a relation guiding algorithm (RGA) for searching candidates of minimal conflict set, in which the hidden messages of analytical redundancy relations can be made full use of and the searching space is reduced further. Taking the autotransformer (AT) traction substation in Hefei–Nanjing Passenger Link of China Railway as an example, we construct models for different device objects, and give the descriptions of system model in traction substation. Based on a sequence of fault observations, the fault diagnosis is tested with the proposed plan. The diagnosis result shows that the application plan with MBD and integration reasoning is feasible and effective for traction substation.

Zhigang Liu; Zhiwei Han

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING AMONG THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, THE COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY, THE FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, THE ADVISORY COUNCIL ON HISTORIC PRESERVATION, AND DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, REGARDING COORDINATION IN FEDERAL AGENCY REVIEW OF ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION FACILITIES ON FEDERAL LAND I. PURPOSE The Department of Agriculture (USDA), Department of Commerce (DOC), Department of Defense (DoD), Department of Energy (DOE), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ), Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP), Department of the Interior (DOI), and the Federal Energy

149

Speech understanding and aging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The increasing age of the population forecasts a corresponding increase in the number of people suffering from hearing loss and who therefore have difficulty with speech communication. This article prepared by the Working Group on Speech Understanding and Aging for the Committee on Hearing Bioacoustics and Biomechanics discusses a number of the factors that act on the elderly listener’s ability to understand speech including physiological aging changes in cognitive ability noisy signals and sensory aids. Both sensory and perceptual processes are considered.

Working Group on Speech Understanding and Aging

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Bridge Fault Simulation Strategies for CMOS Integrated Circuits Brian Chess  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bridge Fault Simulation Strategies for CMOS Integrated Circuits Brian Chess Tracy Larrabee \\Lambda the Primitive Bridge Function, a char­ acteristic function describing the behavior of bridged com­ ponents, we present a theorem for detecting feedback bridge faults. We discuss two different methods of bridge fault

Larrabee, Tracy

151

UNSUPERVISED CLUSTERING FOR FAULT DIAGNOSIS IN NUCLEAR POWER PLANT COMPONENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 UNSUPERVISED CLUSTERING FOR FAULT DIAGNOSIS IN NUCLEAR POWER PLANT COMPONENTS Piero Baraldi1 on transients originated by different faults in the pressurizer of a nuclear power reactor. Key Words: Fault of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) [Cheon et al., 1993; Kim et al., 1996; Reifman, 1997; Zio et al., 2006a; Zio

Boyer, Edmond

152

Stacking fault energy and microstructure effects on torsion texture evolution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Stacking fault energy and microstructure effects...2000, , Rosario, Argentina 3 Department of Geology...The stacking fault energy (SFE) of the metal...torsion| Stacking fault energy and microstructure e...CONICET-UNR) 2000, Rosario, Argentina 3Department of Geology...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Continuity conditions for a fault consisting of obliquely aligned cracks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the ambient stress, and other regions that are open and ¯uid- or air-®lled (e.g. Nagy 1992). The fault may as a ¯uid conduit or a seal depending on the fault zone complexity or microstructural details (Jones & Knipe 1996). Therefore, prediction of the fault seal potential is important. One way to characterize

Cambridge, University of

154

COMPLETE FAULT ANALYSIS FOR LONG TRANSMISSION LINE USING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPLETE FAULT ANALYSIS FOR LONG TRANSMISSION LINE USING SYNCHRONIZED SAMPLING Nan Zhang Mladen 77843-3128, U.S.A. Abstract: A complete fault analysis scheme for long transmission line represented fault analysis tool for transmission lines is very useful for on-line confirmation and off-line trouble

155

Structure of the eastern Red Rocks and Wind Ridge thrust faults, Wyoming: how a thrust fault gains displacement along strike  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STRUCTURE OF THE EASTERN RED ROCKS AND WIND RIDGE THRUST FAULTS, WYOMING: HOW A THRUST FAULT GAINS DISPLACEMENT ALONG STRIKE A Thesis by BRENT STANLEY HUNTSMAN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1983 Major Subject: Geology STRUCTURE OF THE EASTERN RED ROCKS AND WIND RIDGE THRUST FAULTS, WYOMING: HOW A THRUST FAULT GAINS DISPLACEMENT ALONG STRIKE A Thesis by BRENT STANLEY HUNTSMAN...

Huntsman, Brent Stanley

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

From mechanical modeling to seismic imaging of faults: A synthetic workflow to study the impact of faults on seismic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although typically interpreted as 2D surfaces, faults are 3D narrow zones of highly and heterogeneously strained rocks, with petrophysical properties differing from the host rock. Here we present a synthetic workflow to evaluate the potential of seismic data for imaging fault structure and properties. The workflow consists of discrete element modeling (DEM) of faulting, empirical relations to modify initial acoustic properties based on volumetric strain, and a ray-based algorithm simulating prestack depth migration (PSDM). We illustrate the application of the workflow in 2D to a 100 m displacement normal fault in a kilometer size sandstone-shale sequence at 1.5 km depth. To explore the effect of particle size on fault evolution, we ran two DEM simulations with particle assemblages of similar bulk mechanical behavior but different particle size, one with coarse (1–3 m particle radii) and the other with fine (0.5–1.5 m particle radii) particles. Both simulations produce realistic but different fault geometries and strain fields, with the finer particle size model displaying narrower fault zones and fault linkage at later stages. Seismic images of these models are highly influenced by illumination direction and wave frequency. Specular illumination highlights flat reflectors outside the fault zone, but fault related diffractions are still observable. Footwall directed illumination produces low amplitude images. Hanging wall directed illumination images the shale layers within the main fault segment and the lateral extent of fault related deformation. Resolution and the accuracy of the reflectors are proportional to wave frequency. Wave frequencies of 20 Hz or more are necessary to image the different fault structure of the coarse and fine models. At 30–40 Hz, there is a direct correlation between seismic amplitude variations and the input acoustic properties after faulting. At these high frequencies, seismic amplitude variations predict both the extent of faulting and the changes in rock properties in the fault zone.

Charlotte Botter; Nestor Cardozo; Stuart Hardy; Isabelle Lecomte; Alejandro Escalona

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

FESTSCHRIFT UNDERSTANDING CREATIVITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is to learn about engineering creativity. Beginning in the tradition of Professor Bil- lington to claim the word "creativity" for engineering. Three interrelated questions drive this discussion: WhatBILLINGTON 2012 FESTSCHRIFT #12;122 UNDERSTANDING CREATIVITY Eric M. Hines #12;123 Professor David

Hines, Eric

158

Understanding for Grain Marketing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding for Grain Marketing Commodity Futures and Options CIS1089 The Authors: L.D. MakusContracts A futures contract is a standard- ized contract that is traded on a futures market exchange. The contract. This bulletin presents some marketing tools to help producers recognize the sources of price risk

O'Laughlin, Jay

159

Seismoelectric Imaging of a Shallow Fault System Employing Fault Guided Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Independent sets of reflection seismic and seismoelectric data were collected, processed, and interpreted with the aim of generating and studying guided waves within a fault zone. While seismic surveys have recently been utilized to investigate...

Cohrs, Frelynn Joseph Reese

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

160

Fault-tolerant search of container codes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a method to locate and recognize container code characters. This method is aimed to make more fault-tolerant a system based on tophat transformation, segmentation algorithms, filters and classifiers. Our aim is to be able to find ... Keywords: character recognition, computer vision, segmentation

Juan Rosell; Gabriela Andreu; Alberto Pérez

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Fault-tolerant search of container codes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a method to locate and recognize container code characters. This method is aimed to make more fault-tolerant a system based on tophat transformation, segmentation algorithms, filters and classifiers. Our aim is to be able to find ... Keywords: character recognition, computer vision, segmentation

Juan Rosell; Gabriela Andreu; Alberto Pérez

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Sensor Fault Diagnosis Using Principal Component Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the assumption of white Gaussian noise, the effect of noise on the isolability is studied, and the minimum magnitude of isolable fault in each sensor is found based on the distribution of noise in the measurement system. Next, for the decision process a...

Sharifi, Mahmoudreza

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

163

Adaptive performance support for fault diagnosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper introduces a strategy, a user model, and a methodology for utilising adaptive hypermedia in performance support domain and specifically for fault diagnosis. This utilisation is implemented by employing task-specific and user-centred hypermedia ... Keywords: adaptive hypermedia, diagnostic expert systems, performance support systems, semantic data modelling, user modelling

Ammar M. Huneiti

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

FPGA Interconnect Delay Fault Testing Erik Chmelar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A satisfactory FPGA testing method meets several crite- ria. First, the routing resources must be explicitlyFPGA Interconnect Delay Fault Testing Erik Chmelar Center for Reliable Computing Stanford is a scalable manufactur- ing test method for all SRAM-based FPGAs, able to detect multiple interconnect delay

Stanford University

165

Radon emanation on San Andreas Fault  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... RADON is constantly emanated from the Earth into its atmosphere, normally in minute amounts. ... is constantly emanated from the Earth into its atmosphere, normally in minute amounts. Radon emanation is known to be anomalously large on active faults and to show temporal variations ...

Chi-Yu King

1978-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

166

All row, planar fault detection system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus, program product and method for detecting nodal faults may simultaneously cause designated nodes of a cell to communicate with all nodes adjacent to each of the designated nodes. Furthermore, all nodes along the axes of the designated nodes are made to communicate with their adjacent nodes, and the communications are analyzed to determine if a node or connection is faulty.

Archer, Charles Jens; Pinnow, Kurt Walter; Ratterman, Joseph D; Smith, Brian Edward

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

167

Understanding of Defect Physics in Polycrystalline Photovoltaic Materials: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The performance of thin-film solar cells is influenced by the quality of interfaces and formation of defects such as point defects, stacking faults, twins, dislocations, and grain boundaries. It is important to understand the defect physics so that appropriate methods may be developed to suppress the formation of harmful defects. Here, we review our understanding of defect physics in thin-film photovoltaic (PV) materials such as Si, CdTe, Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS), Cu2ZnSnSe2 (CZTSe), and Cu2ZnSnS2 (CZTS) using the combination of nanoscale electron microscopy characterization and density-functional theory (DFT). Although these thin-film PV materials share the same basic structural feature - diamond structure based - the defect physics in them could be very different. Some defects, such as stacking faults and special twins, have similar electronic properties in these thin-film materials. However, some other defects, such as grain boundaries and interfaces, have very different electronic properties in these materials. For example, grain boundaries produce harmful deep levels in Si and CdTe, but they do not produce significant deep levels in CIGS, CZTSe, and CZTS. These explain why passivation is critical for Si and CdTe solar cells, but is less important in CIS and CZTS solar cells. We further provide understanding of the effects of interfaces on the performance of solar cells made of these PV materials.

Yan, Y.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Understanding Earth's Energy Sources  

K-12 Energy Lesson Plans and Activities Web site (EERE)

In Part 1, students will know how fossil fuels were formed; recognize common uses of Earth’s fossil energy resources and develop an understanding of the risks and benefits of their continued use. In Part 2, students focus on the importance of renewable energy resources for a sustainable future. Current renewable energy technologies (solar, wind, biomass, hydrogen, hydroelectric, and geothermal) are discussed. Information on solar is located on a separate power point (2006 Solar PP) as is hydrogen and transportation alternatives. Students will be able to distinguish between renewable and nonrenewable energy resources and identify the positive and negative effects of each. The long-term understanding of this unit is for the students to make informed energy decisions in the future.

169

Hydropower Memorandum of Understanding  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On March 24, 2010, the Department of the Army (DOA) through the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE or Corps), the Department of Energy, and the Department of the Interior signed the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for Hydropower. The purpose of the MOU is to “help meet the nation’s needs for reliable, affordable, and environmentally sustainable hydropower by building a long

170

Active Fault Segments As Potential Earthquake Sources- Inferences From  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Active Fault Segments As Potential Earthquake Sources- Inferences From Active Fault Segments As Potential Earthquake Sources- Inferences From Integrated Geophysical Mapping Of The Magadi Fault System, Southern Kenya Rift Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Active Fault Segments As Potential Earthquake Sources- Inferences From Integrated Geophysical Mapping Of The Magadi Fault System, Southern Kenya Rift Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Southern Kenya Rift has been known as a region of high geodynamic activity expressed by recent volcanism, geothermal activity and high rate of seismicity. The active faults that host these activities have not been investigated to determine their subsurface geometry, faulting intensity and constituents (fluids, sediments) for proper characterization of tectonic

171

Definition: Enhanced Fault Detection Technology | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Technology Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Enhanced Fault Detection Technology Enhanced fault detection technology enables higher precision and greater discrimination of fault location and type with coordinated measurement among multiple devices. For distribution applications, this technology can detect and isolate faults without full-power re-closing, reducing the frequency of through-fault currents. Using high resolution sensors and fault signatures, this technology can better detect high impedance faults. For transmission applications, this technology will employ high speed communications between multiple elements (e.g., stations) to protect entire regions, rather than just single elements. It can also use the latest digital techniques to advance beyond conventional impedance relaying of

172

Upper crustal faulting in an obliquely extending orogen, structural control  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

faulting in an obliquely extending orogen, structural control faulting in an obliquely extending orogen, structural control on permeability and production in the Coso Geothermal Field, eastern California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Upper crustal faulting in an obliquely extending orogen, structural control on permeability and production in the Coso Geothermal Field, eastern California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: New multifold seismic reflection data from the Coso geothermal field in the central Coso Range, eastern California, image brittle faults and other structures in a zone of localized crustal extension between two major strike-slip faults. The Coso Wash fault, a Quaternary-active normal fault that is a locus of surface geothermal activity, is well-imaged as a

173

Understanding the Autophagy Pathway  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Understanding the Autophagy Pathway Understanding the Autophagy Pathway Understanding the Autophagy Pathway Print Monday, 13 February 2012 14:22 Autophagy is a process in which a double-membrane structure called an 'autophagosome' engulfs portions of a cell's cytoplasm, including organelles. The contents of the autophagosome are then directed for degradation in the lysosome, an organelle that breaks down waste and debris in cells so the raw materials can be reused. Recent research at the ALS clarifies key aspects of enzyme activity in this process. Autophagy is key to maintaining cellular equilibrium, or homeostasis; however, dysregulation of autophagy has been implicated in several diseases. Central to autophagy is a ubiquitin-like protein (Ubl) system called Atg8. In general, Ubls serve as molecular tags, altering the fate of their targets. In autophagy, Atg8 is activated by its E1 enzyme Atg7, then handed off to its E2 enzyme Atg3, and finally attached to a lipid moiety (phosphatidylethanolamine) within the expanding autophagosome.

174

Understanding the Autophagy Pathway  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Understanding the Autophagy Pathway Understanding the Autophagy Pathway Understanding the Autophagy Pathway Print Monday, 13 February 2012 14:22 Autophagy is a process in which a double-membrane structure called an 'autophagosome' engulfs portions of a cell's cytoplasm, including organelles. The contents of the autophagosome are then directed for degradation in the lysosome, an organelle that breaks down waste and debris in cells so the raw materials can be reused. Recent research at the ALS clarifies key aspects of enzyme activity in this process. Autophagy is key to maintaining cellular equilibrium, or homeostasis; however, dysregulation of autophagy has been implicated in several diseases. Central to autophagy is a ubiquitin-like protein (Ubl) system called Atg8. In general, Ubls serve as molecular tags, altering the fate of their targets. In autophagy, Atg8 is activated by its E1 enzyme Atg7, then handed off to its E2 enzyme Atg3, and finally attached to a lipid moiety (phosphatidylethanolamine) within the expanding autophagosome.

175

Scientific drilling into the San Andreas fault and site characterization research: Planning and coordination efforts. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fundamental scientific issue addressed in this proposal, obtaining an improved understanding of the physical and chemical processes responsible for earthquakes along major fault zones, is clearly of global scientific interest. By sampling the San Andreas fault zone and making direct measurements of fault zone properties to 4.0 km at Parkfield they will be studying an active plate-boundary fault at a depth where aseismic creep and small earthquakes occur and where a number of the scientific questions associated with deeper fault zone drilling can begin to be addressed. Also, the technological challenges associated with drilling, coring, downhole measurements and borehole instrumentation that may eventually have to be faced in deeper drilling can first be addressed at moderate depth and temperature in the Parkfield hole. Throughout the planning process leading to the development of this proposal they have invited participation by scientists from around the world. As a result, the workshops and meetings they have held for this project have involved about 350 scientists and engineers from about a dozen countries.

Zoback, M.D.

1998-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

176

Feature extraction and classification for detecting the thermal faults in electrical installations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper proposed an effort to investigate the suitability of input features and classifier for identifying thermal faults within electrical installations. The features are extracted from the thermal images of electrical equipment and classified using a multilayered perceptron (MLP) artificial neural network and support vector machine (SVM). In the experiments, the classification performances from various input features are evaluated. The commonly used classification performance indices, including sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, area under curve (AUC), receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and F-score are employed to identify the most suitable input feature as well as the best configuration of classifiers. The experimental results demonstrate that the combination of features set Tmax, Tdelta and \\{DTbg\\} produce the best input feature for thermal fault detection. In addition, the implementation of SVM using radial basis kernel function (RBF) produces slightly better performance than the MLP artificial neural network.

Mohd Shawal Jadin; Soib Taib; Kamarul Hawari Ghazali

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Combined expert system/neural networks method for process fault diagnosis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A two-level hierarchical approach for process fault diagnosis is an operating system employs a function-oriented approach at a first level and a component characteristic-oriented approach at a second level, where the decision-making procedure is structured in order of decreasing intelligence with increasing precision. At the first level, the diagnostic method is general and has knowledge of the overall process including a wide variety of plant transients and the functional behavior of the process components. An expert system classifies malfunctions by function to narrow the diagnostic focus to a particular set of possible faulty components that could be responsible for the detected functional misbehavior of the operating system. At the second level, the diagnostic method limits its scope to component malfunctions, using more detailed knowledge of component characteristics. Trained artificial neural networks are used to further narrow the diagnosis and to uniquely identify the faulty component by classifying the abnormal condition data as a failure of one of the hypothesized components through component characteristics. Once an anomaly is detected, the hierarchical structure is used to successively narrow the diagnostic focus from a function misbehavior, i.e., a function oriented approach, until the fault can be determined, i.e., a component characteristic-oriented approach.

Reifman, Jaques (Westchester, IL); Wei, Thomas Y. C. (Downers Grove, IL)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Novel 3-Phase Inductive Fault Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper describes the inductive three-phase fault current limiter. In this work I examine the novel arrangements of the perfect closed superconducting loop made of HTS wire. I applied one iron core with 3 limbs and special loops for uniform temperature of the superconducting wire. In this work I present the results of my experiments with this device. I present the static and dynamic measured results of this solution. It has got several advantages e. g. fast switching and less fault power for high-power electric machines. The advantage of the equipment is that in the case of single-phase short circuit the current will decrease in all the three phases. This can be an appropriate solution for high power machines. For example, in the case of high-power electric motor if there is a single-phase breaking or a single phase short circuit, we can decrease the current in the three phases.

Janos Kosa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Morphometric and geometric characterization of normal faults on Mars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Using three different approaches (fault plane fitting, 3D crater rim palinspatic restorations and fault scarps morphometric analysis) we investigate the geometry and degradation history of Martian normal faults in two distinct areas. The three independent methods produce similar results, indicating that the average dip angle of the normal faults on these two locations is probably below the value that is usually assumed for Mars (?60°). Our best estimate for this average dip angle is 46.8 ± 9.8 ° , which is a value comparable with the mean dip angle inferred on Earth for seismically active normal faults. This lower average dip angle implies that all the rift strain estimates performed until now might be underestimated. From the comparative analysis of the two faulted regions (Phlegethon Catena and Claritas Fossae), we show that local and regional dip variabilities may exist on Mars. This reinforces the idea that the amount of extension associated with Martian rifts must be reconsidered. We also demonstrate the advantages of performing a comparative morphometric analysis of fault scarps. This approach enables the reconstruction of the faults scarps degradation history and can be used to evaluate how environmental conditions changed through time. After modeling the degradation of the fault scarps at the two sites we conclude that the observed morphometric variations are mainly due to the different faulting ages in an environment characterized by low scarp degradation rates ( 4 × 10 ? 3 m 2 / kyr ) over the last 3 Ga.

David A. Vaz; Mauro G. Spagnuolo; Simone Silvestro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Calculating the probability of injected carbon dioxide plumes encountering faults  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the main concerns of storage in saline aquifers is leakage via faults. In the early stages of site selection, site-specific fault coverages are often not available for these aquifers. This necessitates a method using available fault data to estimate the probability of injected carbon dioxide encountering and migrating up a fault. The probability of encounter can be calculated from areal fault density statistics from available data, and carbon dioxide plume dimensions from numerical simulation. Given a number of assumptions, the dimension of the plume perpendicular to a fault times the areal density of faults with offsets greater than some threshold of interest provides probability of the plume encountering such a fault. Application of this result to a previously planned large-scale pilot injection in the southern portion of the San Joaquin Basin yielded a 3% and 7% chance of the plume encountering a fully and half seal offsetting fault, respectively. Subsequently available data indicated a half seal-offsetting fault at a distance from the injection well that implied a 20% probability of encounter for a plume sufficiently large to reach it.

Jordan, P.D.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Proposed flux-based optimization method for determination of minimum superconductor material in shield-type superconducting fault current limiters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Distributed power generation and an ever growing load demand have caused the current level of fault to exceed the nominal rating of power system devices, and fault current limiters are needed even more. The Superconducting Fault Current Limiter, SFCL, forms an efficient category of current limiters. The superconductor part in \\{SFCLs\\} is the most costly part of the device, and minimizing its volume, while maintaining the required characteristics of the device, would be very beneficial. In this work, using a Simulated Annealing optimization algorithm, a method has been proposed to determine minimum required bulk superconductor material in inductive shield-type SFCL structures. The flux linkage balance, generated by the superconductor bulk and copper winding (being the base of the optimization process), has been formulated versus dimensions. The optimum dimensions of the bulk superconductor in a model SFCL, having a limitation current of 3 A , are determined using the proposed algorithm. A prototype has been fabricated using determined dimensions, and is tested in an experimental circuit by applying different types of faults. These experimental results demonstrated satisfactory limiting characteristics of the fabricated SFCL. The optimum volume of the bulk superconductor material needed for fabrication of larger scale \\{SFCLs\\} has been calculated and compared with the volume of superconductors employed in worldwide SFCL projects.

A. Hekmati; M. Vakilian; M. Fardmanesh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Understanding the cosmic web  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the characteristics and the time evolution of the cosmic web from redshift, z=2, to present time, within the framework of the NEXUS+ algorithm. This necessitates the introduction of new analysis tools optimally suited to describe the very intricate and hierarchical pattern that is the cosmic web. In particular, we characterize filaments (walls) in terms of their linear (surface) mass density. This is very good in capturing the evolution of these structures. At early times the cosmos is dominated by tenuous filaments and sheets, which, during subsequent evolution, merge together, such that the present day web is dominated by fewer, but much more massive, structures. We also show that voids are more naturally described in terms of their boundaries and not their centres. We illustrate this for void density profiles, which, when expressed as a function of the distance from void boundary, show a universal profile in good qualitative agreement with the theoretical shell-crossing framework of expandin...

Cautun, Marius; Jones, Bernard J T; Frenk, Carlos S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

OF OF UNDERSTANDING for Implementation of a Standardized Approach to User Agreements at the U.S. Department of Energy's Nanoscale Science Research Centers By and Among The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Basic Energy Sciences and The U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration and The Center for Nanoscale Materials at Argonne National Laboratory as operated by the University of Chicago under its U.S. Department of Energy Contract and The Center for Functional Nanomaterials at Brookhaven National Laboratory as operated by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under its U.S. Department of Energy Contract and The Molecular Foundry at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory as operated by the Regents of the University of California under its U.S. Department of Energy Contract and The Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies at Los Alamos National Laboratory

184

Relaxed fault detection and isolation: An application to a nonlinear case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Given a number of possibly concurrent faults (and disturbances) that may affect a nonlinear dynamic system, it may not be possible to solve the standard fault detection and isolation (FDI) problem, i.e., to detect and isolate each single fault from all ... Keywords: Fault detection and isolation, Fault sets, Geometric conditions, Nonlinear systems, Robot manipulators

Raffaella Mattone; Alessandro De Luca

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Dictionary.png Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Brophy Occurrence Models This classification scheme was developed by Brophy, as reported in Updating the Classification of Geothermal Resources.[1] Type A: Magma-heated, Dry Steam Resource Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Type C: Caldera Resource Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource Extensional-tectonic, fault-controlled resources typically result from a

186

Fault Mapping At Raft River Geothermal Area (1993) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fault Mapping At Raft River Geothermal Area (1993) Fault Mapping At Raft River Geothermal Area (1993) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Fault Mapping At Raft River Geothermal Area (1993) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Fault Mapping Activity Date 1993 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Geologic mapping, strain and kinematic analysis Notes The mountains expose a detachment fault that separates a hanging wall of Paleozoic rocks from Proterozoic and Archean rocks of the footwall. Beneath the detachment lies a 100 to 300m-thick top-to-the-east extensional shear zone. Geologic mapping, strain and kinematic analysis, and 40Ar/39Ar thermochronology suggest that the shear zone and detachment fault had an

187

Similarity Matching Techniques for Fault Diagnosis in Automotive Infotainment Electronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fault diagnosis has become a very important area of research during the last decade due to the advancement of mechanical and electrical systems in industries. The automobile is a crucial field where fault diagnosis is given a special attention. Due to the increasing complexity and newly added features in vehicles, a comprehensive study has to be performed in order to achieve an appropriate diagnosis model. A diagnosis system is capable of identifying the faults of a system by investigating the observable effects (or symptoms). The system categorizes the fault into a diagnosis class and identifies a probable cause based on the supplied fault symptoms. Fault categorization and identification are done using similarity matching techniques. The development of diagnosis classes is done by making use of previous experience, knowledge or information within an application area. The necessary information used may come from several sources of knowledge, such as from system analysis. In this paper similarity matching tec...

Kabir, Mashud

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Fault diagnosis and management system for switched reluctance motor drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An effective detection and diagnosis of faults is desirable for online condition monitoring, assessment, product quality assurance and improved operational efficiency of Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM) drives. The proposed fault diagnosis and management system uses the measured phase voltages, currents and speed of the motor. In this article, a Matlab/Simulink model-based fault diagnosis system is developed and simulated for SRM drive. The simulation results show that the SRM drive is capable of operating under faulty conditions.

S. Vijayan; S. Paramasivam

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Mechanical properties and fabric of the Punchbowl fault zone, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and 50 to 125'C, in the presence of pore fluids. The fault zone and surrounding rock consists of (1) the main gouge zone, separated from (2) the undeformed host-rack, by (3) an irregular zone of damaged host-rock. The subsidiary fault fabric... orientations of discrete shear surfaces within the gouge 52 14 Photographs of subsidiary faults within the damaged zone of the Punchbowl Formation. . . . . . 57 15 Photomicrographs showing the progressive increase in deformation of the Punchbowl Formation...

Chester, Frederick Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

190

Fault Detection and Diagnosis Method for VAV Terminal Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Air density [kg/m3] NOMENCLATURE REFERENCES 1) IEA Annex 25, Building Optimization and Fault Diagnosis Source Book, Eds. J. Hyvarinen and S. Karki, Technical Research Center of Finland, 1996 2) Harunori Yoshida: Typical Faults of Air Conditioning..., IEA Annex 34 ?Detection and Diagnosis Methods in Real Building?, Eds. A. Dexter and J. Pakanen, Section C.2, pp.143-148, 2001 6) Harunori Yoshida, Sanjay Kumar, Yasunori Morita: Online Fault Detection and Diagnosis in VAV Air Handling Unit by RARX...

Miyata, M.; Yoshida, H.; Asada, M.; Wang, F.; Hashiguchi, S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

High Temperature Superconducting Fault Current Limiter for Utility Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most near term High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) applications is the Fault Current Limiter (FCL). It is a device that...

E. M. W. Leung; G. W. Albert; M. Dew…

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The northwest extension of the Meers Fault in southwestern Oklahoma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

unmapped terrace deposits, a trench, and creek banks along an extended N60W trending line in Kiowa County, Oklahoma, strongly suggests that the Meers Fault has an active northwest extension of about 30km which bifurcates in the Sugar Creek area... Fault Study Area The study area covers about 100 square miles and it is located about 20 mi N45W of Lawton, Oklahoma, primarily in Kiowa and Comanche counties (TSN, R14W and R15W) (Figure 7). The Meers Fault is the south-bounding fault of the complex...

Cetin, Hasan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

193

Active Fault Controls At High-Temperature Geothermal Sites- Prospectin...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the level of unrecognized active faults present in these areas. Analysis of low-sun-angle aerial photography acquired over the Needle Rocks, Astor Pass, Empire, and Lee...

194

Controls on Fault-Hosted Fluid Flow: Preliminary Results from...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Results from the Coso Geothermal Field, CA Abstract cap rock, permeability, fault, fracture, clay, Coso Authors Davatzes, N.C.; Hickman and S.H. Published Geothermal Resource...

195

High-Resolution Aeromagnetic Survey to Image Shallow Faults,...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Valley Geothermal Area Regions (0) Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleHigh-ResolutionAeromagneticSurveytoImageShallowFaults,DixieValleyGeothermalField...

196

Application of machine learning technique in wind turbine fault diagnosis.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this study, a machine learning technique called anomaly detection is employed for wind turbine bearing fault detection. Basically, the anomaly detection algorithm is used… (more)

Purarjomandlangrudi, Afrooz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Fault Impacts on Solar Power Unit Reliability Ali M. Bazzi, Katherine A. Kim, Brian B. Johnson, Philip T. Krein, and Alejandro Dominguez-Garca  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fault Impacts on Solar Power Unit Reliability Ali M. Bazzi, Katherine A. Kim, Brian B. Johnson a generalized reliability model of a solar power unit (SPU) based on physical characteristics including material--photovoltaic reliability, solar power unit, reliability modeling procedure. I. INTRODUCTION Photovoltaic (PV) power

Liberzon, Daniel

198

The effects of faults on the groundwater system in the Hickory Sandstone Aquifer in Central Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-level characteristics in Regions A and B. 35 18 Water-level and pumping histories of wells in Regions A and B from 4/15/88 to 5/3/89 37 LIST OF FIGURES (Continued) Figure Page 19 Water-level elevation versus log recovery time of wells 437 and 438 in Region B... following the 1988 irrigation interval . . . . . . 39 20 Log-time versus log-drawdown of water levels in wells 438 and 404 during the well 437 pump test on May 3, 1989. . . , . . . , . . 40 21 Schematic illustration of effect of fault Fl on water...

Randolph, Leslie Carolyn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

199

Application of fuzzy SOFM neural network and rough set theory on fault diagnosis for rotating machinery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a new method that applies fuzzy logic, rough set theory and SOFM neural network to rotating machinery fault diagnosis. In this method, firstly, relationships between the fault causations and fault symptoms are established by fuzzy ...

Dongxiang Jiang; Kai Li; Gang Zhao; Jinhui Diao

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Feng shui of supercomputer memory: positional effects in DRAM and SRAM faults  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several recent publications confirm that faults are common in high-performance computing systems. Therefore, further attention to the faults experienced by such computing systems is warranted. In this paper, we present a study of DRAM and SRAM faults ...

Vilas Sridharan; Jon Stearley; Nathan DeBardeleben; Sean Blanchard; Sudhanva Gurumurthi

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The structure and evolution of small-displacement strike-slip faults in porous sandstone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

relationship between the progressive addition of subsidiary fault segments (deformation bands) and earlier-formed linkage structures. The along-strike variability and distribution of fault structure are documented and used to assess the role of early fault...

Schafer, Kirk Wyatt

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

202

Research on Fault Diagnosis of Marine Diesel Engine Based on Integrated Similarity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to guarantee the normal operation of marine, an effective fault diagnosis model need to ... to determine the reason causing the fault of marine diesel engine. According to the problem of fault diagnosis ...

Yanyou Chai; Xiuyan Peng; Liufeng Xu; Jiuyu Shi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Effects of burial history, rock ductility and recovery magnitude on inversion of normal faulted strata  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reactivation of the normal faults may occur during coaxial contraction even though such faults are unfavorably oriented assuming typical rock friction behavior and a homogeneous stress state. Localized reverse slip on normal faults is favored when strata...

Kuhle, Nathan John

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

204

Fault tolerant control of homopolar magnetic bearings and circular sensor arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fault tolerant control can accommodate the component faults in a control system such as sensors, actuators, plants, etc. This dissertation presents two fault tolerant control schemes to accommodate the failures of power amplifiers and sensors in a...

Li, Ming-Hsiu

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

205

Neural Network-Based Classification of Single-Phase Distribution Transformer Fault Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ultimate goal of this research is to develop an online, non-destructive, incipient fault detection system that is able to detect incipient faults in transformers and other electric equipment before the faults become catastrophic...

Zhang, Xujia

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

206

Curiosity's Fault Tolerant Wakeup and Shutdown Design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Curiosity spends roughly 70% of the day “sleeping”, in order to recharge the batteries from the nuclear power source. The system is designed to ensure the Rover goes to sleep and wakes back up to continue science and engineering activities. Additionally, the design is robust to off-nominal situations that may need additional actions performed by both hardware and software to ensure the Rover can communicate with the Earth. This paper describes nominal and off-nominal behavioral patterns, fault tolerance features designed into the Rover system (hardware and software), several off-nominal scenarios that are accommodated by the design, and some lessons learned from this development effort.

Tracy A. Neilson; James A. Donaldson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Fault current limiters and power switches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Five papers give an overview of the Los Alamos National Lab`s collaboration with private industry and universities in developing High-Temperature Superconductor (HTS) Devices. Highlighted is the lab`s general approach and technical progress towards: design and fabrication of HTS current leads; high gradient magnetic separation for treatment of drinking and waste water; development of coils based on superconductor tape windings; testing of a HTS fault current limiter; and AC loss measuments of multifilament layered HTS conductors. Listed for each of these projects are commercial and university research/development partners along with the proposed projects for FY 1995.

Boenig, H. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1994-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

208

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated fault extraction Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

with extracted... automation, fault diagnosis, asset management, as well as power system modeling and simulation. 12;... 1 F Voltage Sag Data Utilization for Distribution Fault...

209

Fault Identification in Doubly Fed Induction Generator Using FFT and Neural Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a fault identification system for doubly fed induction generator (DFIG). It considers cases of single phase ... with the PP to fault identification in the DFIG.

Marcelo Patrício de Santana…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Fault current limiter with shield and adjacent cores  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a fault current limiter (FCL) of a saturated core type having at least one coil wound around a high permeability material, a method of suppressing the time derivative of the fault current at the zero current point includes the following step: utilizing an electromagnetic screen or shield around the AC coil to suppress the time derivative current levels during zero current conditions.

Darmann, Francis Anthony; Moriconi, Franco; Hodge, Eoin Patrick

2013-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

211

Creep along the Imperial Fault, southern California, from GPS measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on a fault. [4] Located southwest of the Salton Sea (Figure 1), the Imperial Valley has experienced numerousCreep along the Imperial Fault, southern California, from GPS measurements Suzanne N. Lyons, Yehuda Positioning System (GPS) 46 geodetic monuments established by Imperial College, London, in a dense grid (half

Sandwell, David T.

212

Fault Tolerant Oxygen Control of a Diesel Engine Air System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fault Tolerant Oxygen Control of a Diesel Engine Air System Rainer Nitsche Matthias Bitzer control problem of a Diesel engine air system having a jammed Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) valve of the air system. Keywords: Fault tolerant control, Diesel engine, Air system, Model-based trajectory

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

213

The faults that move during earthquakes do not always come  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

often live near active faults, because where there is a fault there is usually a water supply. And that means these places become part of major trade routes, like the Silk Roads across Asia from Xi urban building. What is even more frighten- ing is that in many parts of the world poor

Cipolla, Roberto

214

Fault detection and diagnosis capabilities of test sequence selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review Fault detection and diagnosis capabilities of test sequence selection methods based on the FSM model T Ramalingam*, Anindya Dast and K ThuIasiraman* Different test sequence selection methods resolution in diagnosing the fault. The test sequence selection methods are then compared based on the length

Thulsiraman, Krishnaiyan

215

Observations on the capability of the Criner fault, southern Oklahoma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Criner fault arises because of its proximity to the Meers fault, which is documented to have been reactivated within the last 1200 years. Such findings contradict the prevailing view that the inner continent of North America is a stable tectonic regime...

Williamson, Shawn Collin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

216

An investigation of Network Splitting for Fault Level Reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

main methods for fault level reduction namely current limiting reactor, Is-limiter, superconducting term as it is relatively inexpensive and furthermore it has high reliability and flexibility. Modelling in the bus-section. The analysis shows that the fault current is sensitive to closure of the normally open

Watson, Andrew

217

Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example from the Raft River detachment, Basin and Range, western United States Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example from the Raft River detachment, Basin and Range, western United States Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Application of thermochronological techniques to major normal fault systems can resolve the timing of initiation and duration of extension, rates of motion on detachment faults, timing of ductile mylonite formation and passage of rocks through the crystal-plastic to brittle transition, and multiple events of extensional unroofing. Here we determine

218

Recent earthquake sequences at Coso: Evidence for conjugate faulting and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

earthquake sequences at Coso: Evidence for conjugate faulting and earthquake sequences at Coso: Evidence for conjugate faulting and stress loading near a geothermal field Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Recent earthquake sequences at Coso: Evidence for conjugate faulting and stress loading near a geothermal field Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Two recent earthquake sequences near the Coso geothermal field show clear evidence of faulting along conjugate planes. We present results from analyzing an earthquake sequence occurring in 1998 and compare it with a similar sequence that occurred in 1996. The two sequences followed mainshocks that occurred on 27 November 1996 and 6 March 1998. Both mainshocks ruptured approximately colocated regions of the same fault

219

Definition: Apex or Salient of Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Normal faults may intersect in the subsurface to form a fault apex or salient. Apices or salients of normal faults account for 3% of structural controls in the Great Basin.[2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ James E. Faulds,Nicholas H. Hinz,Mark F. Coolbaugh,Patricia H. Cashman,Christopher Kratt,Gregory Dering,Joel Edwards,Brett Mayhew,Holly McLachlan. 2011. Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal Systems in the Great Basin, Western USA. In: Transactions. GRC Anual Meeting; 2011/10/23; San Diego, CA. Davis, CA: Geothermal Resources Council; p. 777-783

220

Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India* Jeffrey D. Sachs Director The Earth Institute at Columbia_ramiah@yahoo.co.uk Asian Economic Papers 1:3 © 2002 The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the Massachusetts

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Feb. 11, 2008 Advanced Fault Tolerance Solutions for High Performance Computing 1/47 Advanced Fault Tolerance Solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feb. 11, 2008 Advanced Fault Tolerance Solutions for High Performance Computing 1/47 RAS RAS Advanced Fault Tolerance Solutions for High Performance Computing Christian Engelmann Oak Ridge National Solutions for High Performance Computing 2/47 · Nation's largest energy laboratory · Nation's largest

Engelmann, Christian

222

Application of Hi-Tc superconducting current fault limiters to utility distribution networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new classification of superconducting current fault limiter (SCFL) is described which is a non-quenching, variable-inductance-mode VIM current limiter with characteristics matched to utility distribution line parameters. A major application of this device is for replacement of fixed-inductance air-core reactors used in impedance and short-circuit levels from sub-transmission to distribution. The secondary application of the SCFL is for protection of distribution substation transformers in the 5--40 MVA range, as a replacement for current limiting fuses and air-blast circuit breakers. The SCFL devices have the unique characteristic of producing minimal or no transient recovery voltage (TRV) as is typical of conventional interruption technologies.

Kuznetsov, S.B.; Webb, T.J. [Power Superconducting Devices Inc., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

The effects of lithology and initial fault angle in physical models of fault-propagation folds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(1998). . . . 12 10 Principal stress directions within a layer moving through a ramp region of a thrust by Wiltschko (1979). . 14 Potential secondary fault trajectories interpreted from maximum shear stresses in theoretical models by Rodgers... Sandstone Data: Lead Configuration B. . 10 Layer Thickness Measurements ? Clay Configuration A . . . 91 11 Limb Dips: Configuration A Clay Models. . . 113 12 Fold Measurements: Configuration A Clay Models . . . 113 13 Sandstone Data: Clay Configuration...

McLain, Christopher Thomas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

224

A Study on a Hybrid Approach for Diagnosing Faults in Nuclear Power Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proper and rapid identification of malfunctions is of premier importance for the safe operation of Nuclear Power Plants (NPP). Many monitoring or/and diagnosis methodologies based on artificial and computational intelligence have been proposed to aid operator to understand system problems, perform trouble-shooting action and reduce human error under serious pressure. However, because no single method is adequate to handle all requirements for diagnostic system, hybrid approaches where different methods work in conjunction to solve parts of the problem interest researchers greatly. In this study, Multilevel Flow Models (MFM) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) are proposed and employed to develop a fault diagnosis system with the intention of improving the success rate of recognition on the one hand, and improving the understandability of diagnostic process and results on the other hand. Several simulation cases were conducted for evaluating the performance of the proposed diagnosis system. The simulation results validated the effectiveness of the proposed hybrid approach. (authors)

Yang, M.; Zhang, Z.J.; Peng, M.J.; Yan, S.Y.; Wang, H. [Harbin Engineering University, Harbin (China); Ouyang, J. [Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Superconducting Fault Current Limiter for Transmission Voltage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Within a collaboration of American Superconductor, Siemens, Nexans and Southern California Edison one electrical phase of a resistive superconducting fault current limiter for the 115 kV transmission voltage level has been designed and manufactured. The active part of the limiter consists of 63 bifilar coils made of 12 mm wide steel-stabilized YBCO conductor and is housed in a cryostat operated at 5 bar and 74 K. The first phase was completely assembled and successfully subjected to power switching tests and high voltage tests. The basic design of the system and the test results are reported. The work was funded in part by US-DOE under Contract Number DE-FC26-07NT43243.

Hans-Peter Kraemer; Wolfgang Schmidt; Hong Cai; Bruce Gamble; David Madura; Tim MacDonald; Joe McNamara; Walther Romanosky; Greg Snitchler; Nicolas Lallouet; Frank Schmidt; Syed Ahmed

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Ergodicity in natural earthquake fault networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Numerical simulations have shown that certain driven nonlinear systems can be characterized by mean-field statistical properties often associated with ergodic dynamics [C. D. Ferguson, W. Klein, and J. B. Rundle, Phys. Rev. E 60, 1359 (1999); D. Egolf, Science 287, 101 (2000)]. These driven mean-field threshold systems feature long-range interactions and can be treated as equilibriumlike systems with statistically stationary dynamics over long time intervals. Recently the equilibrium property of ergodicity was identified in an earthquake fault system, a natural driven threshold system, by means of the Thirumalai-Mountain (TM) fluctuation metric developed in the study of diffusive systems [K. F. Tiampo, J. B. Rundle, W. Klein, J. S. Sá Martins, and C. D. Ferguson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 238501 (2003)]. We analyze the seismicity of three naturally occurring earthquake fault networks from a variety of tectonic settings in an attempt to investigate the range of applicability of effective ergodicity, using the TM metric and other related statistics. Results suggest that, once variations in the catalog data resulting from technical and network issues are accounted for, all of these natural earthquake systems display stationary periods of metastable equilibrium and effective ergodicity that are disrupted by large events. We conclude that a constant rate of events is an important prerequisite for these periods of punctuated ergodicity and that, while the level of temporal variability in the spatial statistics is the controlling factor in the ergodic behavior of seismic networks, no single statistic is sufficient to ensure quantification of ergodicity. Ergodicity in this application not only requires that the system be stationary for these networks at the applicable spatial and temporal scales, but also implies that they are in a state of metastable equilibrium, one in which the ensemble averages can be substituted for temporal averages in studying their spatiotemporal evolution.

K. F. Tiampo; J. B. Rundle; W. Klein; J. Holliday; J. S. Sá Martins; C. D. Ferguson

2007-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

227

Final Technical Report Recovery Act: Online Nonintrusive Condition Monitoring and Fault Detection for Wind Turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The penetration of wind power has increased greatly over the last decade in the United States and across the world. The U.S. wind power industry installed 1,118 MW of new capacity in the first quarter of 2011 alone and entered the second quarter with another 5,600 MW under construction. By 2030, wind energy is expected to provide 20% of the U.S. electricity needs. As the number of wind turbines continues to grow, the need for effective condition monitoring and fault detection (CMFD) systems becomes increasingly important [3]. Online CMFD is an effective means of not only improving the reliability, capacity factor, and lifetime, but it also reduces the downtime, energy loss, and operation and maintenance (O&M) of wind turbines. The goal of this project is to develop novel online nonintrusive CMFD technologies for wind turbines. The proposed technologies use only the current measurements that have been used by the control and protection system of a wind turbine generator (WTG); no additional sensors or data acquisition devices are needed. Current signals are reliable and easily accessible from the ground without intruding on the wind turbine generators (WTGs) that are situated on high towers and installed in remote areas. Therefore, current-based CMFD techniques have great economic benefits and the potential to be adopted by the wind energy industry. Specifically, the following objectives and results have been achieved in this project: (1) Analyzed the effects of faults in a WTG on the generator currents of the WTG operating at variable rotating speed conditions from the perspective of amplitude and frequency modulations of the current measurements; (2) Developed effective amplitude and frequency demodulation methods for appropriate signal conditioning of the current measurements to improve the accuracy and reliability of wind turbine CMFD; (3) Developed a 1P-invariant power spectrum density (PSD) method for effective signature extraction of wind turbine faults with characteristic frequencies in the current or current demodulated signals, where 1P stands for the shaft rotating frequency of a WTG; (4) Developed a wavelet filter for effective signature extraction of wind turbine faults without characteristic frequencies in the current or current demodulated signals; (5) Developed an effective adaptive noise cancellation method as an alternative to the wavelet filter method for signature extraction of wind turbine faults without characteristic frequencies in the current or current demodulated signals; (6) Developed a statistical analysis-based impulse detection method for effective fault signature extraction and evaluation of WTGs based on the 1P-invariant PSD of the current or current demodulated signals; (7) Validated the proposed current-based wind turbine CMFD technologies through extensive computer simulations and experiments for small direct-drive WTGs without gearboxes; and (8) Showed, through extensive experiments for small direct-drive WTGs, that the performance of the proposed current-based wind turbine CMFD technologies is comparable to traditional vibration-based methods. The proposed technologies have been successfully applied for detection of major failures in blades, shafts, bearings, and generators of small direct-drive WTGs. The proposed technologies can be easily integrated into existing wind turbine control, protection, and monitoring systems and can be implemented remotely from the wind turbines being monitored. The proposed technologies provide an alternative to vibration-sensor-based CMFD. This will reduce the cost and hardware complexity of wind turbine CMFD systems. The proposed technologies can also be combined with vibration-sensor-based methods to improve the accuracy and reliability of wind turbine CMFD systems. When there are problems with sensors, the proposed technologies will ensure proper CMFD for the wind turbines, including their sensing systems. In conclusion, the proposed technologies offer an effective means to achieve condition-based smart maintenance for wind turbines and have a gre

Wei Qiao

2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

228

Radiated seismic energy based on dynamic rupture models of faulting and Ralph J. Archuleta1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiated seismic energy based on dynamic rupture models of faulting Shuo Ma1 and Ralph J. Archuleta energy from three hypothetical crustal events, 30° dipping reverse fault, 60° dipping normal fault, and 0.34 MPa for the reverse, normal, and strike-slip faults, respectively. The energy distribution

Archuleta, Ralph

229

SLIP ALONG THE SAN ANDREAS FAULT ASSOCIATED WITH THE EARTHQUAKE1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Imperial Valley earthquake occurred along other than the Imperial fault and the Brawley fault zone. More in the static- strain field that accompanied the earthquake. At about the same time in the 1979 Imperial Valley, similar behavior of the Imperial fault before 1979 suggests that this section ofthe San Andreas fault may

Tai, Yu-Chong

230

On-Line Fault Detection and Compensation of Hydraulic Driven Machines Using Modelling Techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On-Line Fault Detection and Compensation of Hydraulic Driven Machines Using Modelling Techniques C purpose of hydraulic driven machines as well as for the compensation of incipient faults where applicable: Modelling, Simulation, Hydraulic motors, Fault detection, Fault Compensation 1. Introduction Model

Thawonmas, Ruck

231

Dynamic neural network-based fault diagnosis of gas turbine engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a neural network-based fault detection and isolation (FDI) scheme is presented to detect and isolate faults in a highly nonlinear dynamics of an aircraft jet engine. Towards this end, dynamic neural networks (DNN) are first developed to ... Keywords: Aircraft jet engine, Bank of filters, Computational intelligence, Dynamic neural networks, Fault detection and isolation, Fault diagnosis, Multiple model schemes

S. Sina Tayarani-Bathaie; Z. N. Sadough Vanini; K. Khorasani

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Improving and Evaluating Differential Fault Analysis on LED with Algebraic Techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving and Evaluating Differential Fault Analysis on LED with Algebraic Techniques Xinjie Zhao.zhang,zshi,chm10010}@engr.uconn.edu Abstract--This paper proposes a fault analysis technique on LED by combining- ential fault analysis (ADFA). In ADFA on LED, we use DFA to deduce the possible fault differences

Shi, Zhijie Jerry

233

In situ measurement of the hydraulic diffusivity of the active Chelungpu Fault, Taiwan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1. Boreholes of the Taiwan Chelungpu-Fault Drilling Project [6] The pair of boreholes used for this experiment shaking in the regions of large slip if the fault was sufficiently sealed. We investigate in situ in situ on an active large-scale fault. Hydraulic tests in deep bore- holes intersecting the Nojima fault

234

Thermal anomalies indicate preferential flow along faults in unconsolidated sedimentary aquifers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermal anomalies indicate preferential flow along faults in unconsolidated sedimentary aquifers V in unconsolidated siliciclastic aquifers off-set by normal-faults in the Lower Rhine Embayment, Germany. High plane. Most current models of fault hydrology in unconsolidated sedimentary sequences assume faults

Bense, Victor

235

Geometry and scaling relations of a population of very small rift-related normal faults  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

normal faults within the Solite Quarry of the Dan River rift basin range in length from a few millimetres AND SCALING RELATIONS The small normal faults are present in quarries of the Virginia Solite Corporation outcrops and quarried boulders (Fig. 2). The fault traces are typically straight, although the fault tips

236

Understanding Japan's Role in a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding Japan's Role in a Global Economy #12;Promoting Knowledge on Japan The Center Japan focused on understanding Japan's role in the global economy. Established in 1986 under... � Organizing conferences, workshops and seminars on topics related to Japan and the United States, and the role

Qian, Ning

237

MICRO-SEISMICITY, FAULT STRUCTURE AND HYDRAULIC COMPARTMENTALIZATION WITHIN  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MICRO-SEISMICITY, FAULT STRUCTURE AND HYDRAULIC COMPARTMENTALIZATION WITHIN MICRO-SEISMICITY, FAULT STRUCTURE AND HYDRAULIC COMPARTMENTALIZATION WITHIN THE COSO GETHERMAL FIELD, CALIFORNIA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: MICRO-SEISMICITY, FAULT STRUCTURE AND HYDRAULIC COMPARTMENTALIZATION WITHIN THE COSO GETHERMAL FIELD, CALIFORNIA Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: High precision earthquake locations and subsurface velocity structure provide potential insights into fracture system geometry, fluid conduits and fluid compartmentalization critical to geothermal reservoir management. We analyze 16 years of seismicity to improve hypocentral locations and simultaneously invert for the seismic velocity structure within the Coso Geothermal Field (CGF). The CGF has been continuously

238

Visualization of stacking faults in fcc crystals in plastic deformations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using molecular dynamics simulation, we investigate the dynamics of stacking faults in fcc crystals in uniaxial stretching in a Lennard-Jones binary mixture composed of 4096 particles in three dimensions. We visualize stacking faults using a disorder variable $D_j(t)$ for each particle $j$ constructed from local bond order parameters based on spherical harmonics (Steinhardt order parameters). Also introducing a method of bond breakage, we examine how stacking faults are formed and removed by collective particle motions. These processes are relevant in plasticity of fcc crystals.

Takeshi Kawasaki; Akira Onuki

2011-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

239

Superconducting fault current limiter for power utility application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent accomplishments in the development of superconducting fault current limiters for power systems are outlined. These accomplishments include the comprehensive requirement for fault current limiters developed by SCE; down-selection; bridge concepts; shunt concepts; and high resistivity matrix substrates for HTS conductors. The proposed Phase II SPI-FCL Program is outlined. It is concluded that the SPI fault current limiter program will benefit both the power utility industry as well as the high temperature superconductivity community and progress of Phase I is right on target.

Leung, E. [Martin Marietta Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1994-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

240

Fault-tree construction and calculations on a microcomputer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 17 - Program Overview Screen Figure 18 ? Main Menu Screen Figure 19 ? Invalid Command Screen Figure 20 - First Usage of Disk Screen Figure 21 ? Fault-tree Name Screen Figure 22 - Invalid Fault-tree Name Screen Fi gure 23 ? TOP EVENT Label... to do? Fi gure 19. Inval i d Command Screen 53 CREATE - This command allows the user to build a new fault tree. After a CREATE command is entered, the system wi 1 1 display the screen in Figure 20. This question is asked in order to determine...

Beckmann, Jeffery Linn

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

The Portland Hills Fault: uncovering a hidden fault in Portland, Oregon using high-resolution geophysical methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Portland metropolitan area historically is the most seismically active region in Oregon. At least three potentially active faults are located in the immediate vicinity of downtown Portland, with the Portland Hills Fault (PHF) extending directly beneath downtown Portland. The faults are poorly understood, and the surface geologic record does not provide the information required to assess the seismic hazards associated with them. The limited geologic information stems from a surface topography that has not maintained a cumulative geologic record of faulting, in part, due to rapid erosion and deposition from late Pleistocene catastrophic flood events and a possible strike-slip component of the faults. We integrated multiple high-resolution geophysical techniques, including seismic reflection, ground penetrating radar (GPR), and magnetic methods, with regional geological and geophysical surveys to determine that the Portland Hills Fault is presently active with a zone of deformation that extends at least 400 m. The style of deformation is consistent with at least two major earthquakes in the last 12–15 ka, as confirmed by a sidehill excavation trench. High-resolution geophysical methods provide detailed images of the upper 100 m across the active fault zone. The geophysical images are critical to characterizing the structural style within the zone of deformation, and when integrated with a paleoseismic trench, can accurately record the seismic history of a region with little surface geologic exposure.

Lee M. Liberty; Mark A. Hemphill-Haley; Ian P. Madin

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Buildings Characteristics 1992 Buildings Characteristics Overview Full Report Tables National and Census region estimates of the number of commercial buildings in the U.S. and...

243

A fuzzy-based reliability approach to evaluate basic events of fault tree analysis for nuclear power plant probabilistic safety assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Fault tree analysis has been widely utilized as a tool for nuclear power plant probabilistic safety assessment. This analysis can be completed only if all basic events of the system fault tree have their quantitative failure rates or failure probabilities. However, it is difficult to obtain those failure data due to insufficient data, environment changing or new components. This study proposes a fuzzy-based reliability approach to evaluate basic events of system fault trees whose failure precise probability distributions of their lifetime to failures are not available. It applies the concept of failure possibilities to qualitatively evaluate basic events and the concept of fuzzy sets to quantitatively represent the corresponding failure possibilities. To demonstrate the feasibility and the effectiveness of the proposed approach, the actual basic event failure probabilities collected from the operational experiences of the David–Besse design of the Babcock and Wilcox reactor protection system fault tree are used to benchmark the failure probabilities generated by the proposed approach. The results confirm that the proposed fuzzy-based reliability approach arises as a suitable alternative for the conventional probabilistic reliability approach when basic events do not have the corresponding quantitative historical failure data for determining their reliability characteristics. Hence, it overcomes the limitation of the conventional fault tree analysis for nuclear power plant probabilistic safety assessment.

Julwan Hendry Purba

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Proposal of DC shield reactor type superconducting fault current limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Saturated DC reactor type superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) had been proposed two years ago. It was classified to rectifier type SFCL. The changing inductance value with the operating mode has superior characteristics to reduce voltage sag during step increase of the load current. But it has the disadvantage of its weight. In this paper, rectifier type SFCL with shielded reactor has been proposed. The reactor which has superconducting ring or tube inside its winding is substituted to the DC link of the rectifier. The configuration looks like an air core transformer with secondary short winding. When the current through the bulk shield-ring reaches to a certain level, the flux penetrates to the shield body and finite impedance appears in the primary winding. In other words, when the surface flux density exceeds its critical flux density, the flux penetrates into the bulk superconductor, and increases equivalent inductance. The equivalent transient resistance of the shield was represented as a function of exponential of the time. Using this equivalent transient resistance, the transient impedance was expressed. The transient wave analysis using EMTDC (electro-magnetic transients in DC systems) has been described. Simulated waveforms are shown considering the source inductance, the leakage inductance, the coupling coefficient and the forward voltage drop of the semiconductor. And voltage sag was also investigated with 50% step load increase. Preliminary design was also performed. The coil size and number of turns are designed to obtain adequate inductance for the current limitation, and the central magnetic field of the coils are calculated. There is optimal aspect ratio to minimize the magnetic field with restriction in outer diameter of the coil.

Itsuya Muta; Tsutomu Hoshino; Khosru Mohammad Salim; Akio Kawasaki; Taketsune Nakamura; Masato Yamada

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Evaluation of a Decoupling-Based Fault Detection and Diagnostic Technique - Part I: Field Emulation Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), evaporator fouling (Evapfoul), liquid-line restriction (Llrestr), low refrigerant charge (Reflow), and refrigerant high charge (Refhigh). Except for refrigerant charge and compressor leakage faults for which five fault levels were introduced, four fault... for these tests. The method could detect low refrigerant charge and loss of compressor performance at the lowest levels introduced and all other faults at the second level. All of the faults could be reliably diagnosed before a 5% degradation in capacity...

Li, H.; Braun, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Towards an Improved Understanding of Statistical Extrapolation for Wind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards an Improved Understanding of Statistical Extrapolation for Wind Turbine Extreme Loads, a brief background about it is appropriate here. DLC 1.1 deals with extreme loads that a wind turbine the International Electrotechnical Com- mission standard for wind turbine design requires that characteristic loads

Manuel, Lance

247

Recency of Faulting and Neotectonic Framework in the Dixie Valley  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Faulting and Neotectonic Framework in the Dixie Valley of Faulting and Neotectonic Framework in the Dixie Valley Geothermal Field and Other Geothermal Fields of the Basin and Range Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Recency of Faulting and Neotectonic Framework in the Dixie Valley Geothermal Field and Other Geothermal Fields of the Basin and Range Abstract We studied the role that earthquake faults play in redistributing stresses within in the earths crust near geothermal fields. The geographic foci of our study were the sites of geothermal plants in Dixie Valley, Beowawe, and Bradys Hot Springs, Nevada. Our initial results show that the past history of earthquakes has redistributed stresses at these 3 sites in a manner to open and maintain fluid pathways critical for geothermal development. The

248

Aksaray And Ecemis Faults - Diapiric Salt Relationships- Relevance To The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aksaray And Ecemis Faults - Diapiric Salt Relationships- Relevance To The Aksaray And Ecemis Faults - Diapiric Salt Relationships- Relevance To The Hydrocarbon Exploration In The Tuz Golu (Salt Lake) Basin, Central Anatolia, Turkey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Aksaray And Ecemis Faults - Diapiric Salt Relationships- Relevance To The Hydrocarbon Exploration In The Tuz Golu (Salt Lake) Basin, Central Anatolia, Turkey Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Due to activitiy of the Aksaray and Ecemis Faults, volcanic intrusion and westward movement of the Anatolian plate, diapiric salt structures were occurred in the Tuz Golu (Salt Lake) basin in central Anatolia, Turkey. With the collisions of the Arabian and Anatolian plates during the late Cretaceous and Miocene times, prominent ophiolitic

249

Recency Of Faulting And Neotechtonic Framework In The Dixie Valley  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Of Faulting And Neotechtonic Framework In The Dixie Valley Of Faulting And Neotechtonic Framework In The Dixie Valley Geothermal Field And Other Geothermal Fields Of The Basin And Range Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Recency Of Faulting And Neotechtonic Framework In The Dixie Valley Geothermal Field And Other Geothermal Fields Of The Basin And Range Details Activities (6) Areas (3) Regions (0) Abstract: We studied the role that earthquake faults play in redistributing stresses within in the earths crust near geothermal fields. The geographic foci of our study were the sites of geothermal plants in Dixie Valley, Beowawe, and Bradys Hot Springs, Nevada. Our initial results show that the past history of earthquakes has redistributed stresses at these 3 sites in a manner to open and maintain fluid pathways critical for geothermal

250

Geophysical investigation of concealed faults near Yucca Mountain, southwest Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Detailed gravity and ground magnetic data collected along surveyed traverses across Midway Valley, on the eastern flank of Yucca Mountain, Nevada reveal that these methods can be used to delineate concealed faults. These studies are part of an effort to evaluate faulting in the vicinity of the proposed surface facilities for a potential nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain. The largest gravity and magnetic anomaly in the vicinity of Midway Valley is associated with the Paintbrush fault on the west flank of Alice Ridge. Geophysical data infer a vertical offset of about 200 m (650 ft). Another prominent gravity and magnetic anomaly is associated with the Bow Ridge fault in the western part of Midway Valley.

Ponce, D.A. [Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

251

Unknown Input Observers and Fault Tolerant Control Allocation Andrea Cristofaro  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

objectives [3] [13] [17] , such as power or fuel consumption minimization. On the other hand, usually in order to make relevant faults observable. The case study of an overactuated marine vessel supports

Johansen, Tor Arne

252

CAPRI: A Common Architecture for Distributed Probabilistic Internet Fault Diagnosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a new approach to root cause localization and fault diagnosis in the Internet based on a Common Architecture for Probabilistic Reasoning in the Internet (CAPRI) in which distributed, heterogeneous ...

Lee, George J.

2007-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

253

CAPRI : a common architecture for distributed probabilistic Internet fault diagnosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a new approach to root cause localization and fault diagnosis in the Internet based on a Common Architecture for Probabilistic Reasoning in the Internet (CAPRI) in which distributed, heterogeneous ...

Lee, George J. (George Janbing), 1979-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Fault current limiter based on triggered vacuum switch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new type of fault current limiter (FCL) based on triggered vacuum switch ... is mainly composed of a capacitor, a current-limiting reactor connected with a capacitor in ... behaves as a conventional series comp...

Jing Shi; Ji-yan Zou; Jun-jia He…

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Coil and HTS Development for Fault Current Limiters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fault current limiters are being developed to limit peak currents in transmission and distribution systems. The authors ... and a coil configuration specifically for high transient currents and the resulting high...

B. Gamble; G. Snitchler; M. Manlief…

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Melt-processed YBCO for a Fault Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bulk High-Tc...-Superconductors (HTSC) offer applications in the field of fault current limiters in power networks: Current limitation can be accomplished by means of ... with a primary winding carrying the power...

H. Kanbach; E. Bochenek; M. Trautmann; R. Fischer…

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Lossless fault-tolerant data structures with additive overhead  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop the first dynamic data structures that tolerate ? memory faults, lose no data, and incur only an O(? ) additive overhead in overall space and time per operation. We obtain such data structures for arrays, linked ...

Christiano, Paul F.

258

8 - Superconducting fault current limiters and power cables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter addresses the technology of superconducting power cables and superconducting fault current limiters. The first part of the chapter is a general summary of the electric power grid. This sets the stage for a discussion of the historical development of superconducting AC and DC cables, which begins with low temperature superconductor-based systems. It then describes the present state of superconducting cable technology and gives a summary of some of the major programs around the world. Whereas power cables may be thought of as a replacement for conventional power system components, fault current limiters and fault current controllers have no conventional equivalent in the power grid. Several conceptually different fault current limiter designs are described. Their state of development and installation on the power grid are described.

W. Hassenzahl

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Performance analysis of fault-tolerant nanoelectronic memories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

important that defect and fault-tolerant schemes be incorporated into the design of nanotechnology related devices. In this dissertation, we focus on the study of a novel and promising class of computer chip memories called crossbar molecular switch memories...

Coker, Ayodeji

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

260

Detecting and Tolerating Byzantine Faults in Database Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes the design, implementation, and evaluation of a replication scheme to handle Byzantine faults in transaction processing database systems. The scheme compares answers from queries and updates on multiple ...

Vandiver, Benjamin Mead

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Detecting and tolerating Byzantine faults in database systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes the design, implementation, and evaluation of a replication scheme to handle Byzantine faults in transaction processing database systems. The scheme compares answers from queries and updates on multiple ...

Vandiver, Benjamin Mead, 1978-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

A fault detection service for wide area distributed computations.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential for faults in distributed computing systems is a significant complicating factor for application developers. While a variety of techniques exist for detecting and correcting faults, the implementation of these techniques in a particular context can be difficult. Hence, we propose a fault detection service designed to be incorporated, in a modular fashion, into distributed computing systems, tools, or applications. This service uses well-known techniques based on unreliable fault detectors to detect and report component failure, while allowing the user to tradeoff timeliness of reporting against false positive rates. We describe the architecture of this service, report on experimental results that quantify its cost and accuracy, and describe its use in two applications, monitoring the status of system components of the GUSTO computational grid testbed and as part of the NetSolve network-enabled numerical solver.

Stelling, P.

1998-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

263

A Fault Detection and Diagnosis Method for HVAC Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Fault Detection and Diagnosis Method for HVAC Systems A Fault Detection and Diagnosis Method for HVAC Systems Speaker(s): Peng Xu Date: December 2, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 There is a growing consensus that most buildings do not perform as well as intended and that faults in HVAC systems are widespread in commercial buildings. An automated fault detection and diagnosis tool for HVAC systems is being developed, based on an integrated, life-cycle, approach to commissioning and performance monitoring. The tool uses component-level HVAC equipment models implemented in the SPARK equation-based simulation environment. The models are configured using design information and component manufacturers' data and then fine-tuned to match the actual performance of the equipment by using data measured during functional tests

264

Fault Mapping At Coso Geothermal Area (1980) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fault Mapping At Coso Geothermal Area (1980) Fault Mapping At Coso Geothermal Area (1980) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Fault Mapping At Coso Geothermal Area (1980) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Fault Mapping Activity Date 1980 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis To determine the Late Cenozoic volcanism, geochronology, and structure of the Coso Range Notes This system apparently is heated by a reservoir of silicic magma at greater than or equal to 8-km depth, itself produced and sustained through partial melting of crustal rocks by thermal energy contained in mantle-derived basaltic magma that intrudes the crust in repsonse to lithospheric extension. References Duffield, W.A.; Bacon, C.R.; Dalrymple, G.B. (10 May 1980) Late

265

Fault diagnosis for wind turbine planetary gearboxes via demodulation analysis based on ensemble empirical mode decomposition and energy separation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Planetary gearboxes play an important role in wind turbine drive trains. Fault diagnosis of planetary gearboxes is a key topic for maintenance of wind turbines. Considering the spectral complexity of planetary gearbox vibration signals as well as their amplitude modulation and frequency modulation (AMFM) nature, we propose a simple yet effective method to diagnose planetary gearbox faults based on amplitude and frequency demodulations. We use the energy separation algorithm to estimate the amplitude envelope and instantaneous frequency of modulated signals for further demodulation analysis, by exploiting the adaptability of Teager energy operator to instantaneous changes in signals and the fine time resolution. However, the energy separation algorithm requires signals to be mono-components. To satisfy this requirement, we decompose signals into intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) using the ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) method as it can decompose any signal into mono-components. We further propose a criterion to guide the selection of the most relevant IMF for demodulation analysis according to the wavelet-like filter nature of EEMD and the AMFM characteristics of the planetary gearbox vibration signals. By matching the dominant peaks in the Fourier spectra of the obtained amplitude envelope and instantaneous frequency with the theoretical characteristic frequency of each gear, we can diagnose planetary gearbox faults. The principle and effectiveness of the proposed method are illustrated by simulation and the experimental analysis of signals from a planetary gearbox of a wind turbine test rig. With the proposed method, both the wear and chipping faults can be detected and located for a sun gear of the planetary gearbox test rig.

Zhipeng Feng; Ming Liang; Yi Zhang; Shumin Hou

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Fault simulation of combinational circuits based on critical path tracing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FAULT SIMULATION Ol' COMBINATIONAI, CIRCUITS BASED ON CRITICAL PATH TRACING A Thesis by CHARLES JAMES BURNETT Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering FAULT SIIUIULATION OF COMBINATlONAL CIRCUITS BASED ON CRITICAL PATH TRACINC A Thesis CHARLES JAMES BURNETT Approved as to style and content by: Don E. Ross (Chair of Committee...

Burnett, Charles James

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Neural net application to transmission line fault detection and classification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEURAL NET APPLICATION TO TRANSMISSION LINE FAULT DETECTION AND CLASSIFICATION A Thesis by IGOR RIKALO Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approve as to style... Applicanon to Transmission Line Fault Detection and Classification. (December 1994) Igor Rikalo, B. S. University of Sarajevo Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Mladen Kezunovic Today, in electric power systems, a large amount of data is made readily...

Rikalo, Igor

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

268

The application of satellite time references to HVDC fault location  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An HVdc fault location scheme is described which relies on very precise detection of the time of arrival of fault created surges at both ends of the line. Such detection is achieved by a very accurate data acquisition and processing system combined with the time reference signals provided by a global positioning system receiver. Extensive digital simulation is carried out to determine the voltage and current waveforms, to identify the main sources of error and suggest possible compensation techniques.

Dewe, M.B.; Sankar, S.; Arrillaga, J. (Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch (New Zealand))

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Characteristics of Cleanroom  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cleanroom shows different characteristics when it is in ... , the curve will reveal the law of cleanroom.

Zhonglin Xu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Advances in understanding solar energy collection materials  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Understanding solar energy collection materials Advances in understanding solar energy collection materials A LANL team and collaborators have made advances in the understanding of...

271

Frictional characteristics of serpentinite from the Motagua fault zone in Guatemala: an experimental study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to uncierstand the sliding behavior of serpent, inite it is necessary to irieniify the physical processes Nhich are op ra tive at the rock-retch interface. Accordingly, the deformation features produced during stable and stick-slip sliding... are in the vicinity of the host- rock interfaces. At these interfac:s there is also a noticeable reduc- tion in ti'. e grain siiz?, relative to che central portion' of the Figure 14. Photomicrographs showing cross-sectional view of stable sliding (mesh) surfaces...

Dengo, Carlos Arturo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

272

Magmatic and tectonic extension at mid-ocean ridges: 1. Controls on fault characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the injection of hot magma into the crust. We examine a range of intrusion rates and axial thermal structures@hawaii.edu) [1] We use 2-D numerical models to explore the thermal and mechanical effects of magma intrusion in proportion to the rate of intrusion to simulate the thermal effects of magma crystallization

Ito, Garrett

273

Dynamic Characteristic of the Drive Train of DFIG Wind Turbines during Grid Faults  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During a grid voltage drop ,a problem is resonances in the drive-train shaft between the wind turbine and induction generator. Disadvantageous effects caused by this are noticeable vibrations and high mechanical stresses due to torque oscillations. The ... Keywords: damping control, drive train model, drive train shaft, torque oscillation

Yao Xingjia; Liang Lizhe; Xing Zuoxia

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

On the characteristics of fault-induced rotor-dynamic bifurcations and nonlinear responses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Poincare map of the response in (a) .........41 3.4 (a) Time history of a nonlinear time-delay model. (b) Corresponding phase portrait and Poincare map of the response in (a) .........42 3.5 Phase portrait and Poincare map of a fractal... reaction forces, which in turn could result in strong nonlinear responses including period-doubling bifurcation, quasi-periodic bifurcation, and even chaotic response [4,5]. Nonlinear dynamical states of quasi-periodic, fractal, and chaotic motions...

Yang, Baozhong

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

275

Fault Current Limit (FCL) Technology (Magnetic Valve Controlled Reactor-Type Fault Current Limiter Principle and Simulation)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summarized the FCL practical research which faces to the key technical problems, briefly introduces the study of magnetic valve controllable reactor type fault current limiter principle, and the simulation result...

Chunzhe Shi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

High energy arcing fault fires in switchgear equipment : a literature review.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In power generating plants, switchgear provide a means to isolate and de-energize specific electrical components and buses in order to clear downstream faults, perform routine maintenance, and replace necessary electrical equipment. These protective devices may be categorized by the insulating medium, such as air or oil, and are typically specified by voltage classes, i.e. low, medium, and high voltage. Given their high energy content, catastrophic failure of switchgear by means of a high energy arcing fault (HEAF) may occur. An incident such as this may lead to an explosion and fire within the switchgear, directly impact adjacent components, and possibly render dependent electrical equipment inoperable. Historically, HEAF events have been poorly documented and discussed in little detail. Recent incidents involving switchgear components at nuclear power plants, however, were scrupulously investigated. The phenomena itself is only understood on a very elementary level from preliminary experiments and theories; though many have argued that these early experiments were inaccurate due to primitive instrumentation or poorly justified methodologies and thus require re-evaluation. Within the past two decades, however, there has been a resurgence of research that analyzes previous work and modern technology. Developing a greater understanding of the HEAF phenomena, in particular the affects on switchgear equipment and other associated switching components, would allow power generating industries to minimize and possibly prevent future occurrences, thereby reducing costs associated with repair and downtime. This report presents the findings of a literature review focused on arc fault studies for electrical switching equipment. The specific objective of this review was to assess the availability of the types of information needed to support development of improved treatment methods in fire Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) for nuclear power plant applications.

Nowlen, Steven Patrick; Brown, Jason W.; Wyant, Francis John

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Doppler characteristics of sea clutter.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Doppler radars can distinguish targets from clutter if the target's velocity along the radar line of sight is beyond that of the clutter. Some targets of interest may have a Doppler shift similar to that of clutter. The nature of sea clutter is different in the clutter and exo-clutter regions. This behavior requires special consideration regarding where a radar can expect to find sea-clutter returns in Doppler space and what detection algorithms are most appropriate to help mitigate false alarms and increase probability of detection of a target. This paper studies the existing state-of-the-art in the understanding of Doppler characteristics of sea clutter and scattering from the ocean to better understand the design and performance choices of a radar in differentiating targets from clutter under prevailing sea conditions.

Raynal, Ann Marie; Doerry, Armin Walter

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Influence of fault type on the optimal location of superconducting fault current limiter in electrical power grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a novel approach to determine the optimal location of a resistive superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) to improve the transient stability of an electric power grid (EPG). The presented method use the angular separation of the rotors of synchronous machines present in the power system to select the optimal location of SFCL. The selection of this optimal location is coordinated with the corresponding optimal resistive value to improve transient stability in case of short-circuit fault. To obtain a global study on the optimal placement of SFCL in case of fault, various types of short-circuits are considered (single phase grounded fault, two phases grounded fault, etc.). To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed method, the IEEE benchmarked four-machine two-area test system is used to carry out several case studies. It is shown that the optimal location of SFCL as well as its optimal resistance value are not the same for each fault studied. A global analysis of EPG stability is presented in the paper to select only one location of the SFCL in the EPG. Results show that the optimal location of SFCL combined with its optimal resistive value reduces the angular separation of the rotors that improves effectively the stability of the EPG for any type of short-circuit.

G. Didier; J. Lévêque

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Vibrant fault diagnosis for hydroelectric generator units with a new combination of rough sets and support vector machine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fault diagnosis for hydroelectric generator unit (HGU) is significant to prevent dangerous accidents from occurring and to improve economic efficiency. The faults of HGU involve overlapping fault patterns which may denote a kind of faults in the ... Keywords: Fault diagnosis, Hydroelectric generator unit, Rough sets, Support vector machine

Xiaoyuan Zhang; Jianzhong Zhou; Jun Guo; Qiang Zou; Zhiwei Huang

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Provenance evidence for major post–early Pennsylvanian dextral slip on the Picuris-Pecos fault, northern New Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Pf-Pajarito fault, GMf-Glorieta Mesa fault, SdCff-Sangre de Cristo frontal...TCf-Tijeras-Canoncito fault, Cf-Chupadera fault, Tf-Tecolote fault, SHf-Sand...2009, Tectonics of the Chupadera Mesa region, central New Mexico: New...

Steven M. Cather; Adam S. Read; Nelia W. Dunbar; Barry S. Kues; Karl Krainer; Spencer G. Lucas; Shari A. Kelley

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Electrical and thermal finite element modeling of arc faults in photovoltaic bypass diodes.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Arc faults in photovoltaic (PV) modules have caused multiple rooftop fires. The arc generates a high-temperature plasma that ignites surrounding materials and subsequently spreads the fire to the building structure. While there are many possible locations in PV systems and PV modules where arcs could initiate, bypass diodes have been suspected of triggering arc faults in some modules. In order to understand the electrical and thermal phenomena associated with these events, a finite element model of a busbar and diode was created. Thermoelectrical simulations found Joule and internal diode heating from normal operation would not normally cause bypass diode or solder failures. However, if corrosion increased the contact resistance in the solder connection between the busbar and the diode leads, enough voltage potentially would be established to arc across micron-scale electrode gaps. Lastly, an analytical arc radiation model based on observed data was employed to predicted polymer ignition times. The model predicted polymer materials in the adjacent area of the diode and junction box ignite in less than 0.1 seconds.

Bower, Ward Isaac; Quintana, Michael A.; Johnson, Jay

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

New Research on Jamming Behavior Expands Understanding  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Research on Jamming Behavior Expands Understanding Print New Research on Jamming Behavior Expands Understanding Print Summary Slide One of the most satisfying aspects of condensed matter physics is that a variety of condensed matter systems show universal behavior-behavior that appears to be common to a wide variety of unrelated systems. The phenomenon of "jamming," which is similar to what happens to vehicles in traffic jams, fits into this category. Recent ALS research has revealed that even magnetic domains behave very much like other granular material systems, and their dynamical behavior mimics the universal characteristics of several jammed systems. Jamming Transitions Give Insight into Behaviors Recently, there has been much interest in jamming transitions, which were originally studied as a way to discuss the behavior of granular materials or dense assemblies of particles but have been eventually proposed as a more general and unified way of looking at dynamics of systems as diverse as structural glasses, entangled polymers, colloidal gels, supercooled liquids, and the like. Jamming is the physical process by which some materials become rigid with increasing density. Jamming occurs when the particle densities or entanglements are such that the motions of the individual particles become very restricted so that they slow down. The fluctuations that occur in a jammed system with long-range interactions are cooperative fluctuations where a local displacement causes an inhomogeneity, which is correlated with a displacement in another region.

283

New Research on Jamming Behavior Expands Understanding  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Research on Jamming Behavior Expands Understanding Print New Research on Jamming Behavior Expands Understanding Print Summary Slide One of the most satisfying aspects of condensed matter physics is that a variety of condensed matter systems show universal behavior-behavior that appears to be common to a wide variety of unrelated systems. The phenomenon of "jamming," which is similar to what happens to vehicles in traffic jams, fits into this category. Recent ALS research has revealed that even magnetic domains behave very much like other granular material systems, and their dynamical behavior mimics the universal characteristics of several jammed systems. Jamming Transitions Give Insight into Behaviors Recently, there has been much interest in jamming transitions, which were originally studied as a way to discuss the behavior of granular materials or dense assemblies of particles but have been eventually proposed as a more general and unified way of looking at dynamics of systems as diverse as structural glasses, entangled polymers, colloidal gels, supercooled liquids, and the like. Jamming is the physical process by which some materials become rigid with increasing density. Jamming occurs when the particle densities or entanglements are such that the motions of the individual particles become very restricted so that they slow down. The fluctuations that occur in a jammed system with long-range interactions are cooperative fluctuations where a local displacement causes an inhomogeneity, which is correlated with a displacement in another region.

284

New Research on Jamming Behavior Expands Understanding  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Research on Jamming Behavior Expands Understanding Print New Research on Jamming Behavior Expands Understanding Print Summary Slide One of the most satisfying aspects of condensed matter physics is that a variety of condensed matter systems show universal behavior-behavior that appears to be common to a wide variety of unrelated systems. The phenomenon of "jamming," which is similar to what happens to vehicles in traffic jams, fits into this category. Recent ALS research has revealed that even magnetic domains behave very much like other granular material systems, and their dynamical behavior mimics the universal characteristics of several jammed systems. Jamming Transitions Give Insight into Behaviors Recently, there has been much interest in jamming transitions, which were originally studied as a way to discuss the behavior of granular materials or dense assemblies of particles but have been eventually proposed as a more general and unified way of looking at dynamics of systems as diverse as structural glasses, entangled polymers, colloidal gels, supercooled liquids, and the like. Jamming is the physical process by which some materials become rigid with increasing density. Jamming occurs when the particle densities or entanglements are such that the motions of the individual particles become very restricted so that they slow down. The fluctuations that occur in a jammed system with long-range interactions are cooperative fluctuations where a local displacement causes an inhomogeneity, which is correlated with a displacement in another region.

285

New Research on Jamming Behavior Expands Understanding  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Research on Jamming Behavior New Research on Jamming Behavior Expands Understanding New Research on Jamming Behavior Expands Understanding Print Tuesday, 22 October 2013 00:00 Summary Slide One of the most satisfying aspects of condensed matter physics is that a variety of condensed matter systems show universal behavior-behavior that appears to be common to a wide variety of unrelated systems. The phenomenon of "jamming," which is similar to what happens to vehicles in traffic jams, fits into this category. Recent ALS research has revealed that even magnetic domains behave very much like other granular material systems, and their dynamical behavior mimics the universal characteristics of several jammed systems. Jamming Transitions Give Insight into Behaviors Recently, there has been much interest in jamming transitions, which were originally studied as a way to discuss the behavior of granular materials or dense assemblies of particles but have been eventually proposed as a more general and unified way of looking at dynamics of systems as diverse as structural glasses, entangled polymers, colloidal gels, supercooled liquids, and the like. Jamming is the physical process by which some materials become rigid with increasing density. Jamming occurs when the particle densities or entanglements are such that the motions of the individual particles become very restricted so that they slow down. The fluctuations that occur in a jammed system with long-range interactions are cooperative fluctuations where a local displacement causes an inhomogeneity, which is correlated with a displacement in another region.

286

Localized rotation of principal stress around faults and fractures determined from borehole breakouts in hole B of the Taiwan Chelungpu-fault Drilling Project (TCDP)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To reveal details of stress perturbations associated with faults and fractures, we investigated the faults and large fractures accompanied by stress-induced borehole breakouts or drilling-induced tensile fractures in hole B of the Taiwan Chelungpu-fault Drilling Project (TCDP). Then, we determined the relationship between the faults and fractures and stress orientation changes. We identified faults and fractures from electrical images of the borehole wall obtained by downhole logging but also from photographs and descriptions of retrieved core samples, and measured the variations in the principal horizontal stress orientation ascertained from borehole breakouts observed on the electrical images in the vicinity of the faults and fractures. Identification of geological structures (faults, fractures, and lithologic boundaries) by electrical images only is difficult and may sometimes yield incorrect results. In a novel approach, therefore, we used both the electrical images and core photographs to identify geological structures. We found four patterns of stress orientation change, or no change, in the vicinity of faults and fractures in TCDP hole B: (i) abrupt (discontinuous) rotation in the vicinity of faults or fractures; (ii) gradual rotation; (iii) suppression of breakouts at faults, fractures, or lithologic boundaries; and (iv) no change in the stress orientation. We recognized stress fluctuations, that is, heterogeneous mesoscale (? 10 cm) stress distributions with respect to both stress orientation and magnitude. In addition, we found that stress state changes occurred frequently in the vicinity of faults, fractures, and lithologic boundaries.

Weiren Lin; En-Chao Yeh; Jih-Hao Hung; Bezalel Haimson; Tetsuro Hirono

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Negative pressure characteristics of an evaporating meniscus at nanoscale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study aims at understanding the characteristics of negative liquid pressures at the nanoscale using molecular dynamics simulation. A nano-meniscus is formed by placing liquid argon on a platinum wall between two ...

Maroo, Shalabh C.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

The paths and characteristics of real estate entrepreneurs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What paths have real estate entrepreneurs taken to establish their own firm? Also, what characteristics did they develop and utilize in the process? This thesis gives the unique opportunity to better understand the life ...

Kazmierski, Michael (Michael Anthony)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Accident Fault Trees for Defense Waste Processing Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to document fault tree analyses which have been completed for the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) safety analysis. Logic models for equipment failures and human error combinations that could lead to flammable gas explosions in various process tanks, or failure of critical support systems were developed for internal initiating events and for earthquakes. These fault trees provide frequency estimates for support systems failures and accidents that could lead to radioactive and hazardous chemical releases both on-site and off-site. Top event frequency results from these fault trees will be used in further APET analyses to calculate accident risk associated with DWPF facility operations. This report lists and explains important underlying assumptions, provides references for failure data sources, and briefly describes the fault tree method used. Specific commitments from DWPF to provide new procedural/administrative controls or system design changes are listed in the ''Facility Commitments'' section. The purpose of the ''Assumptions'' section is to clarify the basis for fault tree modeling, and is not necessarily a list of items required to be protected by Technical Safety Requirements (TSRs).

Sarrack, A.G.

1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

290

Understanding and Attributing Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9 Understanding and Attributing Climate Change Coordinating Lead Authors: Gabriele C. Hegerl (USA. Nicholls, J.E. Penner and P.A. Stott, 2007: Under- standing and Attributing Climate Change. In: Climate of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M

Box, Jason E.

291

On Understanding Ship Resistance Mathematically  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......potential theory to, in effect, deduce these velocities...sufficiently far behind the ship may be regarded as...first order or "thin ship" distribution of...hull, where local effects are important and...ON UNDERSTANDING SHIP RESISTANCE MATHEMATICALLY...Even if this viscous effect could be removed......

G. E. GADD

1968-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Grain-scale Comminution and Alteration of Arkosic Rocks in the Damage Zone of the San Andreas Fault at SAFOD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is cut by numerous subsidiary faults that display extensive evidence of repeating episodes of compaction, shear, dilation, and cementation. The subsidiary faults are grouped into three size classes: 1) small faults, 1 to 2 mm thick, that record an early...

Heron, Bretani

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

293

Understanding how primary care physicians work with personality disorder patients: a qualitative approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of the present study was to begin to develop an understanding of how primary care resident physicians work with patients with personality disorder-type characteristics and processes. Participants include fifteen primary care resident...

Deegear, James Otis

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

Analysis of electrical signatures in synchronous generators characterized by bearing faults  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synchronous generators play a vital role in power systems. One of the major mechanical faults in synchronous generators is related to bearings. The popular vibration analysis method has been utilized to detect bearing faults for years. However...

Choi, Jae-Won

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

295

Advanced fault diagnosis techniques and their role in preventing cascading blackouts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation studied new transmission line fault diagnosis approaches using new technologies and proposed a scheme to apply those techniques in preventing and mitigating cascading blackouts. The new fault diagnosis approaches are based on two...

Zhang, Nan

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

296

Fault tree analysis of spontaneous combustion of sulphide ores and its risk assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A logic fault tree of mine spontaneous combustion of sulphide ores was built by the fault tree analysis (FTA) based on a lot of mechanism investigation of sulphide ore spontaneous combustion in more than ten m...

Chao Wu

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft fault detection Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of a one step diagnostic system to detect faults. It has been... considered in the FMEA, and it can only detect faults defined in the component library but it does have......

298

Characterization of the structure of faults in the Eocene Carrizo Formation near Gause, Milam County, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-scale graben accommodating NW-SE extension. The Carrizo Fm. consists primarily of friable to weakly lithified quartz sandstones with several horizons with interbedded siltstones and shales. Five faults and fault zones occur in the quarry with displacements...

Yilmaz, Ramazan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

299

Effects of un-transposed UHV transmission line on fault analysis of power systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The conventional fault analysis method based on symmetrical components supposes that the three-phase parameters of un-transposed transmission line are symmetrical in case of fault. The errors caused by the method...

Anning Wang ???; Qing Chen ? ?; Zhanping Zhou ???

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

A Study on a High-Tc Superconducting Fault Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The application of a high-Tc superconductor with a high critical current density (Jc) to a fault current limiter has been investigated. When the superconductor changes ... , it has a resistance which can limit fault

Tatsuya Hayashi; Teijiro Mori; Yuuichi Wada…

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

New Concept of a Superconducting Fault Current Limiter and Its Evaluation of Quenching Feature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present paper reviews the concept of a new superconducting fault current limiter with NbTi AC superconducting wire for the suppression of short-circuit currents. This fault current limiter takes full advantag...

Kiyoshi Okaniwa; Tsukushi Hara; Takahiko Yamamoto…

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Observation and scaling of microearthquakes from the Taiwan Chelungpu-fault borehole seismometers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Chelungpu-fault borehole seismometers...Chelungpu-fault Drilling Project Borehole Seismometers...Despite the large coseismic slip...stress drops of larger events including...Taiwan Chelungpu drilling project (TCDP...seven-level vertical borehole seismic array......

Yen-Yu Lin; Kuo-Fong Ma; Volker Oye

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Locating an active fault zone in Coso geothermal field by analyzing...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

production and injection drilling, since an active fault zone often acts as a fracture-extensive low-velocity wave guide to seismic waves. We have located an active fault...

304

Basement faults and seismicity in the Appalachian Basin of New York State  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Landsat lineaments identified by Earth Satellite Corporation (EARTHSAT, 1997) can be groundtruthed across the Appalachian Basin of New York State (NYS). Both fracture intensification domains (FIDs) and faults are observed in outcrop along the lineaments. Confirmation of deep structure associated with the surface structure is provided by both well log analyses and seismic reflection data (primarily proprietary). Additional faults are proposed by comparing the lineament locations with gravity and magnetic data. The result is a web of basement faults that crisscross New York State. By overlaying epicenter locations on the fault/lineament maps, it is possible to observe the spatial correlation between seismic events and the faults. Every seismic event in the Appalachian Basin portion of NYS lies on or near a known or suspected fault. It thus appears that not only are there more faults than previously suspected in NYS, but also, many of these faults are seismically active.

Robert D Jacobi

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

The 2002 Denali Fault Earthquake, Alaska: A Large Magnitude, Slip-Partitioned Event  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the Trans Alaska Pipeline at the Denali fault crossing was engineered...dextral slip. The pipeline, designed to...slip at the fault crossing (12), withstood...13 Alyeska Pipeline Service Company (APSC), Design Basis DB-180...

Donna Eberhart-Phillips; Peter J. Haeussler; Jeffrey T. Freymueller; Arthur D. Frankel; Charles M. Rubin; Patricia Craw; Natalia A. Ratchkovski; Greg Anderson; Gary A. Carver; Anthony J. Crone; Timothy E. Dawson; Hilary Fletcher; Roger Hansen; Edwin L. Harp; Ruth A. Harris; David P. Hill; Sigrún Hreinsdóttir; Randall W. Jibson; Lucile M. Jones; Robert Kayen; David K. Keefer; Christopher F. Larsen; Seth C. Moran; Stephen F. Personius; George Plafker; Brian Sherrod; Kerry Sieh; Nicholas Sitar; Wesley K. Wallace

2003-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

306

Power system fault analysis based on intelligent techniques and intelligent electronic device data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation has focused on automated power system fault analysis. New contributions to fault section estimation, protection system performance evaluation and power system/protection system interactive simulation have been achieved. Intelligent...

Luo, Xu

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

307

On strong fault tolerance (or strong Menger-connectivity) of multicomputer networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the size of networks increases continuously, dealing with networks with faulty nodes becomes unavoidable. In this dissertation, we introduce a new measure for network fault tolerance, the strong fault tolerance (or strong Menger...

Oh, Eunseuk

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

On the Prevalence of Sensor Faults in Real-World Deployments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A. Great Duck Island (GDI) data set We looked at datafor different sensors in the GDI data set. The Hybrid (I)faults Fig. 9. SHORT Faults in GDI data set rule and the HMM

Sharma, Abhishek; Golubchik, Leana; Govindan, Ramesh

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Remote Fault Detection of Building HVAC System Using a Global Optimization Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the simulation program in conjunction with synthetic measured data to identify faults in the building operation. This fault detection approach has successfully identified all of the faulty parameters with noise levels of 1%, 3% and 6%. It successfully detected...

Lee, S. U.; Claridge, D. E.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

The effect of fault relayand clay smearing on groundwater flow patterns in the Lower Rhine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the unconsolidated sediments of the Lower Rhine Embayment. Hydraulic head maps show that many individual faults form unconsolidated sediments at shal- low depth is likely to be di¡erent from that of faults at depths where rocks

Bense, Victor

311

Tarmat behavior calculated for reservoir with sealing fault  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Minagish Oolite oil reservoir in Kuwait is one of many Middle East reservoirs characterized by the presence of a tarmat (heavy to tar-like crude) at the oil-water contact. Since a waterflood project is planned for the Minagish Oolite, which contains a radial pattern of faults, a study was made to consider tarmat behavior upon water injection below it when the injection well is located near a sealing fault. The study resulted in a technique to predict the time of tarmat breakdown, response time at the nearest observation well, and differential pressure at the tarmat anywhere in the reservoir.

Osman, M.E.S.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Tectonic history and setting of a seismogenic intraplate fault system that lacks microseismicity: The Saline River fault system, southern United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although the northwest-striking Saline River fault system of southeastern Arkansas is not defined by microseismicity, it is associated with sand blows and shows evidence of Pleistocene and Holocene surface ruptures, suggesting a significant seismogenic potential. This fault system is within the northern Gulf of Mexico interior coastal plain, a region only recently recognized as containing seismogenic faults. To better characterize this active fault system, we reconstructed its post-Paleozoic history using petroleum and coal industry wire-line well log and seismic reflection subsurface data. The Saline river fault system initiated as a series of northwest-striking grabens during Triassic/Jurassic uplift and incipient Gulf of Mexico rifting along the basement Alabama–Oklahoma transform margin of the North American Proterozoic craton. During post-rift subsidence, these grabens were buried by Gulf sediments until mid-Cretaceous uplift and igneous activity resulted in minor extensional reactivation of graben faults. Faulting style changed from extension to transpression during the Late Cretaceous due to compression of eastern North America as the North Atlantic rapidly widened and due to thermal weakening of the Alabama–Oklahoma transform lithospheric discontinuity as it obliquely crossed a mantle hot spot. In the Late Cretaceous, graben faults experienced contractional reactivation and steep, deeply-rooted transpressional faults developed within and parallel to the graben system. These transpressional faults locally displace Eocene, Pleistocene, and Holocene sediments. Fault activity continues on the Saline River fault system due to thin crust along the Alabama–Oklahoma transform and to high heat flow, which act together to weaken the crust and promote seismogenic tectonism. The fault system may lack appreciable microseismicity because the aftershock sequence of the last large earthquake has had time to dissipate.

Randel Tom Cox; J. Luke Hall; Chris S. Gardner

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Weighted local and global regressive mapping: A new manifold learning method for machine fault classification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article studies if machine faults can be effectively determined in a reduced dimensional space. When faults occur in machines, machine vibration signals will deviate from its normal signal pattern. Such changes can be reflected in the features constructed ... Keywords: Fault classification, Feature extraction, Unsupervised learning, Vibrations

Xiaohang Jin, Fang Yuan, Tommy W. S. Chow, Mingbo Zhao

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Performance of Graceful Degradation for Cache Faults Hyunjin Lee Sangyeun Cho Bruce R. Childers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance of Graceful Degradation for Cache Faults Hyunjin Lee Sangyeun Cho Bruce R. Childers to thermal hot spots) and may man- ifest themselves as operational faults at the micro- Bruce Childers that is dependent on the fault and the frequency of access to an address that would normally be held in the disabled

Cho, Sangyeun

315

Dealing with Faults in Wireless Sensor Networks Lilia Paradis and Qi Han  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, fault detection, fault diagnosis, fault tolerance 1 Introduction Continuing advances in computational number of such sensing devices with severely limited processing, storage and communication capabilities are fragile, 2 #12;and they may fail due to depletion of batteries or destruction by an external event

316

Bearing Fault Detection in DFIG-Based Wind Turbines Using the First Intrinsic Mode Function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bearing Fault Detection in DFIG-Based Wind Turbines Using the First Intrinsic Mode Function Y for bearing fault detection in DFIG-based wind turbines. The proposed method uses the first Intrinsic Mode Terms--Wind turbine, Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG), fault detection, bearings, signal processing

Boyer, Edmond

317

IPR: In-Place Reconfiguration for FPGA Fault Tolerance and Rupak Majumdar2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IPR: In-Place Reconfiguration for FPGA Fault Tolerance Zhe Feng1 , Yu Hu1 , Lei He1 and Rupak Angeles ABSTRACT We describe In-Place Reconfiguration (IPR) for LUT-based FPGAs, an algorithm the propagation of faults seen at a pair of comple- mentary inputs. Based on IPR, we develop a fault

He, Lei

318

Fault Sensitivity Analysis and Reliability Enhancement of Analog-to-Digital Converters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

proposing a sensitivity analysis methodology for -particle induced transients and then suggesting redesign- sients is introduced which improves the accuracy of the sensitivity analysis. The fault simulations show, Fault Sensitivity, Analog-to- Digital Converters, Alpha particles, Reliability, Transient Faults I

Koren, Israel

319

Dynamic rupture through a branched fault2 configuration at Yucca Mountain and resulting3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic rupture through a branched fault2 configuration at Yucca Mountain and resulting3 ground analyses. This is motivated by the normal faults in the vicinity10 of Yucca Mountain, NV, a potential site fault12 located approximately 1 km west of the crest of Yucca Mountain, is the13 most active

Dmowska, Renata

320

The Research of the Intelligent Fault Diagnosis System Optimized by GA for Marine Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The marine diesel engine is a complex system, which has the important function to guarantee the marine security. There is strong coupling relationship among the mapping process of fault diagnosis. An approach of intelligent fault diagnosis based on fuzzy ... Keywords: Fuzzy neural network, Genetic algorithm, Fault diagnosis, Marine diesel engine

Peng Li; Qi Jin; Haixia Gong

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Solid-state fault current limiter for voltage sag mitigation and its parameters design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Due to the difficulty in electric distribution network reinforcement and the interconnection of more distributed generations, fault current level has become a serious problem in system operations. The utilization of solid-state fault current limiters ... Keywords: power quality, simulation, solid-state fault current limiter, voltage sag

B. Boribun; T. Kulworawanichpong

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Fault current limiting and voltage sag mitigation by means of a resonant type FCL  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper a resonant type of fault current limiter and its application are presented. During normal operation of circuit, the thyristors is off and the resonant branches are short circuit. Therefore there is not any voltage drop on FCL. In this way, ... Keywords: bypass resistance, fault analysis, power quality, resonant type fault current limiter

M. S. Mohebbi Nazar; M. Abapour

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Core-log integration studies in hole-A of Taiwan Chelungpu-fault Drilling Project  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Chelungpu-fault Drilling Project Yun-Hao...Chelungpu-fault Drilling Project (TCDP...involved in the large displacements...electrical borehole images and dipole-shear...energetics of a large earthquake from...Chelungpu-fault Drilling Project, Nature...Stress-induced borehole elongation......

Yun-Hao Wu; En-Chao Yeh; Jia-Jyun Dong; Li-Wei Kuo; Jui-Yu Hsu; Jih-Hao Hung

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Heat signature on the Chelungpu fault associated with the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan earthquake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for a large earthquake. Temperature measurements in a borehole that intersects the Chelungpu fault at a depth-fault temperature change observed for any previous large earthquakes that can be attributed to the frictional, 1999 Chi-Chi earth- quake, the Taiwan Chelungpu-fault Drilling Project (TCDP) bored two holes which

Ma, Kuo-Fong

325

A CONTROLLER FOR HVAC SYSTEMS WITH FAULT DETECTION CAPABILITIES BASED ON SIMULATION MODELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A CONTROLLER FOR HVAC SYSTEMS WITH FAULT DETECTION CAPABILITIES BASED ON SIMULATION MODELS T. I describes a control scheme with fault detection capabilities suitable for application to HVAC systems as a reference of correct operation. Faults that occur in the HVAC system under control cause the PI

326

Yield Modeling and Analysis of a Clockless Asynchronous Wave Pipeline with Pulse Faults  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Yield Modeling and Analysis of a Clockless Asynchronous Wave Pipeline with Pulse Faults T. Feng fault model and its modeling and analysis methods in a clockless asynchronous wave pipeline fault rate model for establishing a sound theoretical foundation for clockless wave pipeline design

Ayers, Joseph

327

Current Issues in Vibration-Based Fault Diagnostics and Prognostics Victor Giurgiutiu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Current Issues in Vibration-Based Fault Diagnostics and Prognostics Victor Giurgiutiu Mechanical Current issues in vibration-based fault diagnostics and prognostics are: (a) fault/damage identification and then classification. Keywords: structural health monitoring, active sensors, vibrations, signal analysis; smart

Giurgiutiu, Victor

328

Fault Diagnosis Of A Water For Injection System Using Enhanced Structural Isolation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A water for injection system supplies chilled sterile water as a solvent for pharmaceutical products. There are ultimate requirements for the quality of the sterile water, and the consequence of a fault in temperature or in flow control within the process ... Keywords: Fault Diagnosis, Fault Isolation, Matching, Structural Analysis

Morten Laursen; Mogens Blanke; Dilek Dü?TegöR

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Berkeley Algorithms Help Researchers Understand Dark Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Berkeley Algorithms Help Researchers Understand Dark Energy Berkeley Algorithms Help Researchers Understand Dark Energy November 24, 2014 | Tags: Astrophysics Contact: Linda Vu, +1...

330

Memorandum of Understanding | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Between The Department Of The Navy And The Department of Energy And the Department of Agriculture Memorandum of Understanding Memorandum of understanding between DOE and NGLIA...

331

Memorandum of Understanding Regarding Coordination in Federal...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Memorandum of Understanding Regarding Coordination in Federal Agency Review of Electric Transmission Facilities on Federal Land, October 23, 2009 Memorandum of Understanding...

332

Secretary Bodman, Johanns Announce Memorandum of Understanding...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Johanns Announce Memorandum of Understanding to Advance Hydrogen Development from Biomass Secretary Bodman, Johanns Announce Memorandum of Understanding to Advance Hydrogen...

333

Memorandum of Understanding 2007 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Understanding 2007Legal Abstract Memorandum of Understanding between California Energy Commission and Bureau of Land Management, current through July 9, 2014. Authors...

334

Characteristics of Strong Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Existing financing programs offer a number of important lessons on effective program design. Some characteristics of strong financing programs drawn from past program experience are described below.

335

Fault prediction in aircraft engines using Self-Organizing Maps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fault prediction in aircraft engines using Self- Organizing Maps Marie Cottrell1 , Patrice Gaubert1. Aircraft engines are designed to be used during several tens of years. Their maintenance is a challenging and costly task, for obvious security reasons. The goal is to ensure a proper operation of the engines

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

336

Modeling Fault Propagation in Telecommunications Networks for Diagnosis Purposes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling Fault Propagation in Telecommunications Networks for Diagnosis Purposes A. Aghasaryan , C@lipn.univ-paris13.fr Abstract: This paper describes a formalism to model the behavior of telecommunications net. Keywords: network management, modeling, UML, distributed diagnosis. 1 Introduction Telecommunications

Pencolé, Yannick

337

Fault Tolerance in Data Gathering Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......total 30% node faults. FIGURE 8. Energy efficiency. better than LEACH when link error...Efficiency In this section, we analyze the energy efficiency (in Fig. 8) and time efficiency...May 1213, pp. 474479. The Printing House, Inc. [14] Huang, S. K., Ssu......

Guangyan Huang; Yanchun Zhang; Jing He; Jinli Cao

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Influence of plastic deformation on bimaterial fault rupture directivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of plastic deformation on bimaterial fault rupture directivity Nora DeDontney,1 Elizabeth of the role of the stress state on the distribution of plastic deformation and the direction of preferred in determining the location of plastic deformation. For different orientations, plastic deformation can

Dmowska, Renata

339

Fault Detection Effectiveness of Spathic Test Data Jane Huffman Hayes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fault Detection Effectiveness of Spathic Test Data Jane Huffman Hayes Computer Science Department This paper presents an approach for generating test data for unit-level, and possibly integration-level, testing based on sampling over intervals of the input probability distribution, i.e., one that has been

Hayes, Jane E.

340

Invited Talk: Mitigating the Effects of Internet Timing Faults  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Invited Talk: Mitigating the Effects of Internet Timing Faults Across Embedded Network Gateways and the Internet. The usual approach to making such a connection is to install a gateway node which translates from Internet protocols to embedded field bus network protocols. Such connections raise obvious security

Koopman, Philip

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Autonomous FPGA Fault Handling through Competitive Runtime Reconfiguration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

environments of mechanical/acoustical stress during launch, high doses of ionizing radiation, and thermal due to radiation- induced stuck-at-faults, thermal fatigue, oxide breakdown, electromigration-available [Xilinx04]. Meanwhile NASA terrestrial applications routinely employ FPGAs for tasks ranging from launch

DeMara, Ronald F.

342

Dynamic core length in saturated core fault current limiters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A saturated core fault current limiter (SCFCL) is a non-linear core-reactor where the core is saturated by an external superconducting DC bias source to achieve a low core permeability at nominal AC currents. Fault current levels in the AC coils de-saturate the core and transform it to a higher permeability state, hence limiting the fault current. In this work we describe the transition between saturated and de-saturated states in three SCFCL configurations. The 'effective core length', Leff, of the SCFCL, defined as the length of the de-saturated AC core limb, is introduced for exploring this transition as a function of the current, I, in the AC coil. Practically, Leff allows one to see the SCFCL as an inductor with a variable core length, allowing calculations of the impedance of the SCFCL over the whole range of operating currents. The Leff(I) curve is further used to calculate the dynamics of the demagnetization factor in a SCFCL. We show that the strong change in the magnetic induction of a SCFCL at high current is the result of both increasing the effective core length and decreasing the demagnetization factor. The method and results presented here serve as an important tool for comparing between various SCFCL concepts not only by comparing their impedance values at the extreme fault and nominal current conditions but also by providing an insight into the full de-saturation process.

Y Nikulshin; Y Wolfus; A Friedman; Y Yeshurun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Acoustic condition monitoring of wind turbines: Tip faults  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As a significant and growing source of the world’s energy wind turbine reliability is becoming a major concern. At least two fault detection techniques for condition monitoring of wind turbine blades have been reported in early literature i.e. acoustic emissions and optical strain sensors. These require off-site measurement. The work presented here offers an alternative non-contact fault detection method based on the noise emission from the turbine during operation. An investigation has been carried out on a micro wind turbine under laboratory conditions. 4 severity levels for a fault have been planted in the form of added weight at the tip of one blade to simulate inhomogeneous debris or ice build up. Acoustic data is obtained at a single microphone placed in front of the rotor. Two prediction methods have been developed and tested on real data: one based on a single feature - rotational frequency spectral magnitude; and another based on a fuzzy logic interference using two inputs - spectral peak and rotational peak variation with time. Results show that the single spectral peak feature can be used to determine fault severity in ranges. The implementation of the fuzzy logic using a further input feature is shown to significantly improve the detection accuracy.

Daniel J. Comboni; Bruno Fazenda

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Consequences of Fault Currents Contributed by Distributed Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consequences of Fault Currents Contributed by Distributed Generation Supplemental Project Report Currents Contributed by Distributed Generation Natthaphob Nimpitiwan Gerald Heydt Research Project Team distributed generation (DG) is growing in the over- all generation mix due in part to state and national

345

On Fault Coverage of Tests for Finite State Specifications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Fault Coverage of Tests for Finite State Specifications A. Petrenko and G. v. Bochmann-Ville, Montréal (Québec), H3C 3J7, Canada Abstract Testing is a trade-off between increased confidence in the correctness of the implementation under test and constraints on the amount of time and effort that can

von Bochmann, Gregor

346

Diverse neural net solutions to a fault diagnosis problem \\Lambda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system solution to a problem of fault diagnosis in a four­stroke marine diesel engine; that of early detection of faulty combustion in an engine cylinder. Recognition of faulty combustion usually requires the intervention of a skilled marine engineer, to undertake the time­ consuming and fallible process of comparing

Sharkey, Amanda

347

Fault-tolerant architecture for quantum computation using electrically controlled  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARTICLES Fault-tolerant architecture for quantum computation using electrically controlled an architecture for quantum computation using electrically controlled semiconductor spins by extending the Loss in the solid state. Here, we develop a scalable architecture for solid-state quantum computation based

Loss, Daniel

348

Fracture surface energy of the Punchbowl fault, San Andreas system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fracture surface energy of the Punchbowl fault, San Andreas system Judith S. Chester1 , Frederick M. Chester1 & Andreas K. Kronenberg1 Fracture energy is a form of latent heat required to create weakening1­3 . Fracture energy has been estimated from seismological and experimental rock deformation data4

Chester, Frederick M.

349

Module Placement for Fault-Tolerant Microfluidics-Based Biochips  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Module Placement for Fault-Tolerant Microfluidics-Based Biochips FEI SU and KRISHNENDU CHAKRABARTY Duke University Microfluidics-based biochips are soon expected to revolutionize clinical diagnosis, DNA sequencing, and other laboratory procedures involving molecular biology. Most microfluidic biochips today

Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

350

Fault Tolerance on Interleaved inverter with Magnetic couplers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fault Tolerance on Interleaved inverter with Magnetic couplers K.Guépratte, D.Frey, P-O.Jeannin, H Electrical Engineering (G2Elab), Thales Systemes Aeroportes Abstract- The paper focuses on a new control strategy for improving the availability of power electronic converters based on interleaved structures

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

351

Defects and Faults in Quantum Cellular Automata at Nano Scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Defects and Faults in Quantum Cellular Automata at Nano Scale Mehdi Baradaran Tahoori, Mariam considerable research on quantum dot cellular automata (QCA) as a new computing scheme in the nano, quantum dot cellular automata (QCA) not only gives a solution at nano scale, but also it offers a new

352

Proceedings of the 18th Fault-Tolerant Computing Symposium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of the 18th Fault-Tolerant Computing Symposium Tokyo, Japan, pp. 234-239, June 1988 performed on this erroneous information are ``undone'' using a hardware mechanism for fast rollback of a few and confine the damage caused by the error to the failed module, it is often necessary to check the outputs

Tamir, Yuval

353

This document contains 3087 words. FAULT-TOLERANT COMPUTING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or physical damage. An extensive methodology has been developed in this field over the past thirty years the annual IEEE International Symposium on Fault-Tolerant Computing (FTCS) and the papers in its Digests with protective redundancy so that, if the module fails, others can assume its function. Special mechanisms

Rennels, David A.

354

Achieving Healthy Indoor Environments via Improved Understanding of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Achieving Healthy Indoor Environments via Improved Understanding of Achieving Healthy Indoor Environments via Improved Understanding of Surface-associated Chemical and Biological Processes Speaker(s): Ellison M. Carter Date: February 26, 2013 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3075 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Diane Douglas Indoor air pollution in the workplace, public buildings, and residential dwellings has the potential to adversely impact human health. Within these diverse indoor environments, chemical and biological processes that occur at surfaces and interfaces strongly influence the fate, transport, and generation of indoor pollutants. A molecular-level understanding of the physical and chemical properties and processes characteristic of indoor surfaces is key to developing resilient building materials that strengthen building integrity and safeguard human health by reducing human exposure to

355

Three fault ride through controllers for wind systems running in isolated micro-grid and Effects of fault type on their performance: A review and comparative study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents survey about Fault Ride Through (FRT) techniques and controllers which employed with all wind generation system types. After presenting a comprehensive FRT survey, paper proposes three Fault Ride Through (FRT) controllers for keeping stability of Fixed Speed Wind Generation (FSWG) system serving in isolated Micro-Grid (MG). The first controller has been implemented by inserting Superconductor Fault Current Limiter (SFCL) in series with wind generator terminals during fault instant. The second proposed FRT controller is modifying the conventional Pitch Angle Controllers (PAC) to can spill and reduce high percentage of extracted mechanical wind power during and subsequent fault occurrence which in turns help stability improvement and restoration. Third FRT technique is performed by adapting the wind turbine gearbox ratio which forces the wind generation system to run far from the maximum power point. The best performance is obtained with the SFCL controller. Superior results are obtained when the three proposed FRT controllers are employed simultaneously. The three developed FRT controllers are simple, reliable and economical attractive. Effects of fault type on SFCL FRT controller performance are analyzed and investigated in details. The proposed SFCL FRT controller has been tested under single phase, double phase, phase to phase, and three phases to ground faults. Results display that the three phases to ground fault is the most severe type on SFCL FRT performance from stability point of view. On the other hand, double phase to ground fault is the most severe one from fluctuations and oscillations points of view. Parameters of the SFCL must be adjusted based on the three phases to ground fault. If the SFCL FRT controller is designed to can deal with three phases fault, it sure can deal with the other fault types successfully.

Rashad M. Kamel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Proactive Fault Tolerance for HPC with Xen Virtualization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

with thousands of processors. At such large counts of compute nodes, faults are becoming common place. Current techniques to tolerate faults focus on reactive schemes to recover from faults and generally rely on a checkpoint/restart mechanism. Yet, in today's systems, node failures can often be anticipated by detecting a deteriorating health status. Instead of a reactive scheme for fault tolerance (FT), we are promoting a proactive one where processes automatically migrate from ?unhealthy? nodes to healthy ones. Our approach relies on operating system virtualization techniques exemplied by but not limited to Xen. This paper contributes an automatic and transparent mechanism for proactive FT for arbitrary MPI applications. It leverages virtualization techniques combined with health monitoring and load-based migration. We exploit Xen's live migration mechanism for a guest operating system (OS) to migrate an MPI task from a health-deteriorating node to a healthy one without stopping the MPI task during most of the migration. Our proactive FT daemon orchestrates the tasks of health monitoring, load determination and initiation of guest OS migration. Experimental results demonstrate that live migration hides migration costs and limits the overhead to only a few seconds making it an attractive approach to realize FT in HPC systems. Overall, our enhancements make proactive FT a valuable asset for long-running MPI application that is complementary to reactive FT using full checkpoint/ restart schemes since checkpoint frequencies can be reduced as fewer unanticipated failures are encountered. In the context of OS virtualization, we believe that this is the rst comprehensive study of proactive fault tolerance where live migration is actually triggered by health monitoring.

Nagarajan, Arun Babu [North Carolina State University; Mueller, Frank [North Carolina State University; Engelmann, Christian [ORNL; Scott, Stephen L [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Controlled-source electromagnetic mapping of a faulted sandstone aquifer in central Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

across a fault (Randolph 1991), due to permeability reduction in the deformation zone, but in some cases can be enhanced along the fault slip plane (Antonellini and Aydin 1994), i. e. parallel to the fault. A knowledge of subsurface fault distributions... the electromagnetic response. Seaborne et al. (1979) interpreted the anomalies as the edge effect of thin horizontal sheets of low resistivity beds, as opposed to the high conductivity response of the material in a fault zone. In a similar study, Hazell er al...

Gorman, Erin Margaret

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

358

Chapter XIV A Framework for Understanding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be surprised? Is this a major, self-sustaining phenomenon?Thischapterproposesaframework for understanding

Dascalu, Sergiu

359

Geochemical, mineralogical and microbiological characteristics...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geochemical, mineralogical and microbiological characteristics of sediment from a naturally reduced zone in a uranium Geochemical, mineralogical and microbiological characteristics...

360

Development of Asset Fault Signatures for Prognostic and Health Management in the Nuclear Industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proactive online monitoring in the nuclear industry is being explored using the Electric Power Research Institute’s Fleet-Wide Prognostic and Health Management (FW-PHM) Suite software. The FW-PHM Suite is a set of web-based diagnostic and prognostic tools and databases that serves as an integrated health monitoring architecture. The FW-PHM Suite has four main modules: Diagnostic Advisor, Asset Fault Signature (AFS) Database, Remaining Useful Life Advisor, and Remaining Useful Life Database. This paper focuses on development of asset fault signatures to assess the health status of generator step-up generators and emergency diesel generators in nuclear power plants. Asset fault signatures describe the distinctive features based on technical examinations that can be used to detect a specific fault type. At the most basic level, fault signatures are comprised of an asset type, a fault type, and a set of one or more fault features (symptoms) that are indicative of the specified fault. The AFS Database is populated with asset fault signatures via a content development exercise that is based on the results of intensive technical research and on the knowledge and experience of technical experts. The developed fault signatures capture this knowledge and implement it in a standardized approach, thereby streamlining the diagnostic and prognostic process. This will support the automation of proactive online monitoring techniques in nuclear power plants to diagnose incipient faults, perform proactive maintenance, and estimate the remaining useful life of assets.

Vivek Agarwal; Nancy J. Lybeck; Randall Bickford; Richard Rusaw

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Locating an active fault zone in Coso geothermal field by analyzing seismic  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Locating an active fault zone in Coso geothermal field by analyzing seismic Locating an active fault zone in Coso geothermal field by analyzing seismic guided waves from microearthquake data Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Locating an active fault zone in Coso geothermal field by analyzing seismic guided waves from microearthquake data Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Active fault systems usually provide high-permeability channels for hydrothermal outflow in geothermal fields. Locating such fault systems is of a vital importance to plan geothermal production and injection drilling, since an active fault zone often acts as a fracture-extensive low-velocity wave guide to seismic waves. We have located an active fault zone in the Coso geothermal field, California, by identifying and analyzing

362

Active Fault Controls At High-Temperature Geothermal Sites- Prospecting For  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Active Fault Controls At High-Temperature Geothermal Sites- Prospecting For New Faults Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Active Fault Controls At High-Temperature Geothermal Sites- Prospecting For New Faults Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Our previous studies found spatial associations between seismically active faults and high-temperature geothermal resources in the western Basin and Range, suggesting that recency of fault movement may be a useful criterion for resource exploration. We have developed a simple conceptual model in which recently active (Holocene) faults are preferred conduits for migration of thermal water from deep crustal depths, and we

363

Understanding flavour at the LHC  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Huge progress in flavour physics has been achieved by the two B-factories and the Tevatron experiments. This progress has, however, deepened the new physics flavour puzzle: If there is new physics at the TeV scale, why aren't flavour changing neutral current processes enhanced by orders of magnitude compared to the standard model predictions? The forthcoming ATLAS and CMS experiments can potentially solve this puzzle. Perhaps even more surprisingly, these experiments can potentially lead to progress in understanding the standard model flavour puzzle: Why is there smallness and hierarchy in the flavour parameters? Thus, a rich and informative flavour program is awaiting us not only in the flavour-dedicated LHCb experiment, but also in the high-pT ATLAS and CMS experiments.

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

364

Quaternary faults of the central Rocky Mountains, Colorado: A new seismotectonic evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quaternary faults in the central Rocky Mountain of CO exhibit normal displacement, are generally parallel to the strike of pre-existing Larmide structures, and typically occur in the hanging walls of Laramide thrust faults. These observations are consistent with models in which Mesozoic thrust faults are being reactivated as normal faults in the contemporary extensional tectonic setting. To assess the seismogenic potential of these faults, the authors evaluated the recency of fault movement and style of deformation via aerial reconnaissance, interpretation of aerial photography and field mapping of selected sites. The 82-km-long Red Rocks-Climarron fault zone shows evidence of late Quaternary displacement and may be capable of producing an M[>=]6.75 earthquake based on its total fault length and inferred fault width. Earthquake hypocenters indicate that the thickness of the seismogence crust in CO is similar to much of the western US (ca. 15 km). In additional to tectonic deformation, numerous faults and lineaments have been identified in the Paradox Basin and along the southern Grand Hogback monocline that are active due to diapiric movement of halite. In particular, active deformation along the Grand Hogback is limited to portions of the structure underlain by a 3-km-deep Pennsylvania halite basin. Because Quaternary deformation along and near these large Laramide structures is due to the movement of halite rather than deep-seated tectonism, the maximum size of a potential earthquake is limited by the down-dip width and lateral extent of fault planes within brittle rocks overlying the halite. The authors infer that the maximum depth of brittle faulting due to diapiric halite flow is 6 km, and the earthquakes larger than M 5 are unlikely to occur on faults associated with the Grand Hogback and salt anticlines of the Paradox Basin. The 1984 Carbondale earthquake swarm (M[<=]3.2) may have been the result of such faulting.

Unruh, J.R.; Noller, J.S.; Lettis, W.R. (William Lettis and Association, Inc., Oakland, CA (United States)); Wong, I.G.; Sawyer, T.L.; Bott, J.D.J. (Woodward-Clyde Federal Services, Oakland, CA (United States))

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Behavior of Repeating Earthquake Sequences in Central California and the Implications for Subsurface Fault Creep  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Repeating earthquakes (REs) are sequences of events that have nearly identical waveforms and are interpreted to represent fault asperities driven to failure by loading from aseismic creep on the surrounding fault surface at depth. We investigate the occurrence of these REs along faults in central California to determine which faults exhibit creep and the spatio-temporal distribution of this creep. At the juncture of the San Andreas and southern Calaveras-Paicines faults, both faults as well as a smaller secondary fault, the Quien Sabe fault, are observed to produce REs over the observation period of March 1984-May 2005. REs in this area reflect a heterogeneous creep distribution along the fault plane with significant variations in time. Cumulative slip over the observation period at individual sequence locations is determined to range from 5.5-58.2 cm on the San Andreas fault, 4.8-14.1 cm on the southern Calaveras-Paicines fault, and 4.9-24.8 cm on the Quien Sabe fault. Creep at depth appears to mimic the behaviors seen of creep on the surface in that evidence of steady slip, triggered slip, and episodic slip phenomena are also observed in the RE sequences. For comparison, we investigate the occurrence of REs west of the San Andreas fault within the southern Coast Range. Events within these RE sequences only occurred minutes to weeks apart from each other and then did not repeat again over the observation period, suggesting that REs in this area are not produced by steady aseismic creep of the surrounding fault surface.

Templeton, D C; Nadeau, R; Burgmann, R

2007-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

366

Shared Understanding for Collaborative Control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents results from three experiments in which human operators were teamed with a mixed-initiative robot control system to accomplish various indoor search and exploration tasks. By assessing human workload and error together with overall performance, these experiments provide an objective means to contrast different modes of robot autonomy and to evaluate both the usability of the interface and the effectiveness of autonomous robot behavior. The first experiment compares the performance achieved when the robot takes initiative to support human driving with the opposite case when the human takes initiative to support autonomous robot driving. The utility of robot autonomy is shown through achievement of better performance when the robot is in the driver’s seat. The second experiment introduces a virtual three-dimensional (3-D) map representation that supports collaborative understanding of the task and environment. When used in place of video, the 3-D map reduced operator workload and navigational error. By lowering bandwidth requirements, use of the virtual 3-D interface enables long-range, nonline-of-sight communication. Results from the third experiment extend the findings of experiment 1 by showing that collaborative control can increase performance and reduce error even when the complexity of the environment is increased and workload is distributed amongst multiple operators.

David Bruemmer; Douglas Few; Ronald Boring; Julie Marble; Miles Walton; Curtis Nielsen

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Housing characteristics 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report, Housing Characteristics 1993, presents statistics about the energy-related characteristics of US households. These data were collected in the 1993 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) -- the ninth in a series of nationwide energy consumption surveys conducted since 1978 by the Energy Information Administration of the US Department of Energy. Over 7 thousand households were surveyed, representing 97 million households nationwide. A second report, to be released in late 1995, will present statistics on residential energy consumption and expenditures.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Systems analysis approach to probabilistic modeling of fault trees  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method of probabilistic modeling of fault tree logic combined with stochastic process theory (Markov modeling) has been developed. Systems are then quantitatively analyzed probabilistically in terms of their failure mechanisms including common cause/common mode effects and time dependent failure and/or repair rate effects that include synergistic and propagational mechanisms. The modeling procedure results in a state vector set of first order, linear, inhomogeneous, differential equations describing the time dependent probabilities of failure described by the fault tree. The solutions of this Failure Mode State Variable (FMSV) model are cumulative probability distribution functions of the system. A method of appropriate synthesis of subsystems to form larger systems is developed and applied to practical nuclear power safety systems.

Bartholomew, R.J.; Qualls, C.R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Testing of 3-meter Prototype Fault Current Limiting Cables  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two 3-m long, single-phase cables have been fabricated by Ultera from second generation (2G) superconductor supplied by American Superconductor. The first cable was made with two layers of 2G tape conductor and had a critical current of 5,750 A while the second cable had four layers and a critical current of 8,500 A. AC loss was measured for both cables at ac currents of up to 4 kArms. Ultera performed initial fault current studies of both cables in Denmark with limited currents in the range from 9.1 to 44 kA. Results from these tests will provide a basis for a 25-m long, three-phase, prototype cable to be tested at ORNL early next year and a 300-m long, fault current limiting, superconducting cable to be installed in a ConEd substation in New York City.

Gouge, Michael J [ORNL] [ORNL; Duckworth, Robert C [ORNL] [ORNL; Demko, Jonathan A [ORNL] [ORNL; Rey, Christopher M [ORNL] [ORNL; Thompson, James R [ORNL] [ORNL; Lindsay, David T [ORNL] [ORNL; Tolbert, Jerry Carlton [ORNL] [ORNL; Willen, Dag [Ultera] [Ultera; Lentge, Heidi [Ultera] [Ultera; Thidemann, Carsten [Ultera] [Ultera; Carter, Bill [AMSC] [AMSC

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

9 - Superconducting fault current limiters and power cables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter addresses the technology of superconducting power cables and superconducting fault current limiters (FCL). The first part of the chapter is a general summary of the electric power grid. This sets the stage for a discussion of the historical development of superconducting AC and DC cables, which begins with low temperature superconductor (LTS)-based systems. It then describes the present status of superconducting cable technology and summarizes some of the major programs around the world. Whereas power cables may be thought of as a replacement for conventional power system components, \\{FCLs\\} and fault current controllers (FCC) have no conventional equivalent in the power grid. Several conceptually different FCL designs are described. The status of their development and installation on the power grid are described.

W. Hassenzahl

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Detailed study of DFIG-based wind turbines to overcome the most severe grid faults  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper studies the effects of voltage sags caused by faults on doubly-fed induction generators to overcome grid faults. A wide range of sag duration and depth values is considered. It is observed that sag duration influence is periodical. Sag effects depend on duration and depth and on the fault-clearing process as well. Two approaches of the model are compared: the most accurate approach, discrete sag, considers that the fault is cleared in the successive natural fault-current zeros of affected phases, leading to a voltage recovery in several steps; the least accurate approach, abrupt sag, considers that the fault is cleared instantaneously in all affected phases, leading to a one-step voltage recovery. Comparison between both sag models reveals that the fault-clearing process smoothes sag effects. The study assumes that the rotor-side converter can keep constant the transformed rotor current in the synchronous reference frame, thus providing insights into wind turbine fault ride-through capability. The voltage limit of the rotor-side converter is considered to show the situations where the rotor current can be controlled. Finally, a table and a 3D figure summarizing the effects of the most severe grid faults on the rotor-side converter to overcome the most severe faults are provided.

Alejandro Rolán; Joaquín Pedra; Felipe Córcoles

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Fault Detection, Diagnostics and Optimmization using BIG Data Analytics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

111, Duke Street, Suite 3800 Montreal (Quebec) H3C 2M1 CANADA Tel : +1-514-866-5159 Fax : +1-514-866-2047 Fault Detection, diagnostics and optimization using BIG data analytics Presenter: IFCS Inc., Quebec, CANADA The past decade has seen... Joule AnalytiX management framework Unified Collector ? Syslog Events/SNMP ? Diagnostic Agent for Building Operations ? Performance Data ? System Health Data ? Feedback from BMS ? Johnson Controls ? Delta Controls ? Trane ? Siemens...

Bonifay, X.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

An expert system for fault detection and diagnosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Major Subject: Electrical Engineering AN EXPERT SYSTEM FOR I AIJLT DETECTION AND DIAGNOSIS A Thesis by PREDRAG SPASOJEVIC Approv d as to style and content by; (, . I Mladen Kezunovic (Chair of ommitt R. Don Russell Ali Abur (Member) / /$t...:l~. , ~ 1 /z Karan L. Watson (Member) Wil iam M. Li y (Member . W. Howze (Head of Department) August 1992 ABSTRACT An Expert System 1' or Fault Detection and Diagnosis. (August 1992) Preclrag Spasojevic, Dipl. Ing. , University of Sarajevo Chair...

Spasojevic, Predrag

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Experimental characterization of faults on low-voltage systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTRODUCTION . Page II EXISTING DETECTION SCHEMES AND RESEARCH OBJECTIVES 8 Existing Detection Schemes Research Objectives III THEORY OF ARCS AND ARCING FAULTS 8 15 17 Formation of Spark Arc Chracteristics 17 18 IV FIELD TEST INSTRUMENTATION... EQUIPMENT . , V DESCRIPTION OF TESTS VI FIELD TESTS - GENERAL . . 30 VII DATA ANALYSIS, OBSERVATION AND SUMMARY . . 43 Time Domain Analysis . Frequency Domain Analysis Comparison with 15 kV Systems . Summary of Results . 44 56 67 72 REFERENCES...

Ahmed, Jubayer

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Small-scale faulting in the Upper Cretaceous of the Groningen block (The Netherlands): 3D seismic interpretation, fault plane analysis and regional paleostress  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Over the last years, field-based studies have shown that fault surfaces can exhibit a considerable self-affine topography. It is reasonable to assume that similar undulations are also present in fault interpretations from 3D reflection seismic data, however both the interpretation uncertainty and geophysical resolution limits hinder their analysis. This study analyses a set of small-scale, non-reactivated faults in the Upper Cretaceous Chalk Group (Upper Ommelanden Formation) of the NW-part of the Groningen Block, the Netherlands, in a high quality Pre Stack Depth Migrated 3D seismic data set. The studied faults are fully contained inside the Chalk Group, in an area located between the major tectonic-bounding faults of the NW Groningen Block. Over 200 faults, with offsets in the order of 30–50 m, were interpreted across an area of ca. 150 km2, showing a clear preferential orientation for strike, dip and dip-direction. Detailed interpretations and 3D fault plane analyses show undulations on the fault plane. We show that these undulations are not an interpretation or gridding artefact, and interpret these to indicate direction of fault slip. These results were used to calculate a paleostress tensor, using all faults to calculate a single stress tensor for the entire study area by Numerical Dynamic Analysis. Based on the orientation, position and a thickness analysis, it is interpreted that these faults formed due to the tectonic reactivation of salt structures in the Latest Cretaceous. The calculated paleostress state shows a general NW–SE-extension, with a vertical maximum principle stress, and a stress ratio of about 0.3, indicating that the studied faults are not the result of dewatering. This interpretation agrees both with a nearby salt-tectonic reconstruction, as well as field-based paleostress results from the UK, Belgium and France. A first look at other surveys from the Dutch sector indicates that similar faults are present in other areas, with different orientations. We propose that a dedicated analysis of these faults across on- and offshore Europe would allow extending the stress map of the Late Cretaceous into areas where the Chalk is not outcropping.

Heijn van Gent; Stefan Back; Janos L. Urai; Peter Kukla

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Detachment Faulting and Geothermal Resources - An Innovative Integrated  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Detachment Faulting and Geothermal Resources - An Innovative Integrated Detachment Faulting and Geothermal Resources - An Innovative Integrated Geological and Geophysical Investigation in Fish Lake Valley, Nevada Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Detachment Faulting and Geothermal Resources - An Innovative Integrated Geological and Geophysical Investigation in Fish Lake Valley, Nevada Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Geothermal Technologies Program Project Type / Topic 2 Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies Project Description This program is designed to provide valuable new subsurface information about one of the Nation's arguably most promising high-temperature geothermal targets. Until now, the Emigrant Geothermal Prospect has been tested by only shallow and relatively shallow thermal-gradient boreholes and a small number of exploration wells, all of which have lacked any detailed 2-D or 3-D structural context. The applicants propose to conduct an innovative integration of detailed 2- D and 3-D structural reconstructions (structural mapping and reflection/refraction source seismology integrated with available data).

377

A Circuit Level Fault Model for Resistive Bridges ZHUO LI, XIANG LU, WANGQI QIU, WEIPING SHI and D. M. H. WALKER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Circuit Level Fault Model for Resistive Bridges ZHUO LI, XIANG LU, WANGQI QIU, WEIPING SHI and D. M. H. WALKER Texas A&M University Delay faults are an increasingly important test challenge. Modeling bridge faults as delay faults helps delay tests to detect more bridge faults. Traditional bridge

Walker, Duncan M. "Hank"

378

Modeling fault-zone guided waves of microearthquakes in a geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fault-zone guided waves of microearthquakes in a geothermal fault-zone guided waves of microearthquakes in a geothermal reservoir Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Modeling fault-zone guided waves of microearthquakes in a geothermal reservoir Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Fault-zone guided waves have been identified in microearthquake seismograms recorded at the Coso Geothermal Field, California. The observed guided waves have particle motions and propagation group velocities similar to Rayleigh wave modes. A numerical method has been employed to simulate the guided-wave propagation through the fault zone. By comparing observed and synthetic waveforms the fault-zone width and its P- and S-wave velocity structure have been estimated. It is suggested here that the identification

379

High-Resolution Aeromagnetic Survey to Image Shallow Faults, Dixie Valley  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resolution Aeromagnetic Survey to Image Shallow Faults, Dixie Valley Resolution Aeromagnetic Survey to Image Shallow Faults, Dixie Valley Geothermal Field, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: High-Resolution Aeromagnetic Survey to Image Shallow Faults, Dixie Valley Geothermal Field, Nevada Abstract N/A Author V. J. S. Grauch Published U.S. Geological Survey, 2002 Report Number 02-384 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for High-Resolution Aeromagnetic Survey to Image Shallow Faults, Dixie Valley Geothermal Field, Nevada Citation V. J. S. Grauch. 2002. High-Resolution Aeromagnetic Survey to Image Shallow Faults, Dixie Valley Geothermal Field, Nevada. (!) : U.S. Geological Survey. Report No.: 02-384. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=High-Resolution_Aeromagnetic_Survey_to_Image_Shallow_Faults,_Dixie_Valley_Geothermal_Field,_Nevada&oldid=682601"

380

A High-Resolution Aeromagnetic Survey to Identify Buried Faults at Dixie Valley, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Preliminary results from a high-resolution aeromagnetic survey (200m line spacing) acquired in Dixie Valley early in 2002 provide confirmation of intra-basin faulting based on subtle surface indications. In addition the data allow identification of the locations and trends of many faults that have not been recognized at the surface, and provide a picture of intrabasin faulting patterns not possible using other techniques. The data reveal a suite of northeasterly-trending curving and branching faults that surround a relatively coherent block in the area of Humboldt Salt Marsh, the deepest part of the basin. The producing reservoir occurs at the north end of this coherent block, where rampart faults from the northwest side of the valley merge with anthithetic faults from the central and southeast parts of the valley.

Smith, Richard Paul; Grauch, V. J. S.; Blackwell, David D.

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Interpretive geophysical fault map across the central block of Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geophysical data collected along 29 traverses across the central block of Yucca Mountain in southwest Nevada reveal anomalies associated with known fault sand indicate a number of possible concealed faults beneath the eastern flank of Yucca Mountain. Geophysical interpretations indicate that Midway Valley is characterized by several known and previously unknown faults, that the existence of the Yucca Wash fault is equivocal, and that the central part of the eastern flank of Yucca Mountain is characterized by numerous low-amplitude anomalies that probably reflect numerous small-scale faults. Gravity and magnetic data also reveal several large-amplitude anomalies that reflect larger-scale faulting along the margins of the central block.

Ponce, D.A.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

382

Effect of HVDC line faults on transient torsional torques of turbine-generator shafts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates the effects of HVdc line faults, line de-energization, and line re-energization on the transient torsional stresses of steam turbine-generator (T-G) units. The studies are conducted on a bipole HVdc system which connects a T-G set to a large ac system. The shaft transient stresses of the T-G set as a result of HVac line fault, fault clearing, and automatic reclosure are also determined when the HVdc transmission system is replaced by an equivalent double-line HVac system. The EMTDC program is used for the simulation studies. The studies conclude that transient shaft stresses as a result of HVdc line fault and its subsequent switching events are (1) significantly less severe than those of HVac faults and subsequent switchings, and (2) not sensitive to the fault location and disturbance duration.

Shi, W. (Xi'an Jiaotong Univ. (China). Dept. of Electrical Engineering); Iravani, M.R. (Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering)

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Data Reports > 2003 Building Characteristics Overview Data Reports > 2003 Building Characteristics Overview 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey—Commercial Buildings Characteristics Released: May 2002 Topics: Energy Sources and End Uses | End-Use Equipment | Conservation Features and Practices Additional Information on: Survey methods, data limitations, and other information supporting the data The 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) was the seventh in the series begun in 1979. The 1999 CBECS estimated that 4.7 million commercial buildings (± 0.4 million buildings, at the 95% confidence level) were present in the United States in that year. Those buildings comprised a total of 67.3 (± 4.6) billion square feet of floorspace. Additional information on 1979 to 1999 trends

384

Chapter 2. Vehicle Characteristics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Vehicle Characteristics 2. Vehicle Characteristics Chapter 2. Vehicle Characteristics U.S. households used a fleet of nearly 157 million vehicles in 1994. Despite remarkable growth in the number of minivans and sport-utility vehicles, passenger cars continued to predominate in the residential vehicle fleet. This chapter looks at changes in the composition of the residential fleet in 1994 compared with earlier years and reviews the effect of technological changes on fuel efficiency (how efficiently a vehicle engine processes motor fuel) and fuel economy (how far a vehicle travels on a given amount of fuel). Using data unique to the Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey, it also explores the relationship between residential vehicle use and family income.

385

Distributed Bayesian Algorithms for Fault-Tolerant Event Region Detection in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a distributed solution for a canonical task in wireless sensor networks---the binary detection of interesting environmental events. We explicitly take into account the possibility of sensor measurement faults and develop a distributed Bayesian algorithm for detecting and correcting such faults. Theoretical analysis and simulation results show that 85-95 percent of faults can be corrected using this algorithm, even when as many as 10 percent of the nodes are faulty.

Bhaskar Krishnamachari; Sitharama Iyengar

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Slip rate variations on normal faults during glacial–interglacial changes in surface loads  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Here we use finite-element models to investigate why four parallel normal faults—the Wasatch, West Valley, Oquirrh and Stansbury faults in the eastern Basin and Range Province, Utah—have experienced ... We now test whether the Late Pleistocene/Holocene increase in slip rates of the Wasatch, West Valley, Oquirrh and Stansbury normal faults may be due to isostatic rebound caused by the ...

Ralf Hetzel; Andrea Hampel

2005-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

387

Structural character of the northern segment of the Paintbrush Canyon fault, Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Detailed mapping of exposed features along the northern part of the Paintbrush Canyon fault was initiated to aid in construction of the computer-assisted three-dimensional lithostratigraphic model of Yucca Mountain, to contribute to kinematic reconstruction of the tectonic history of the Paintbrush Canyon fault, and to assist in the interpretation of geophysical data from Midway Valley. Yucca Mountain is segmented into relatively intact blocks of east-dipping Miocene volcanic strata, bounded by north-striking, west-dipping high-angle normal faults. The Paintbrush Canyon fault, representing the easternmost block-bounding normal fault, separates Fran Ridge from Midway Valley and continues northward across Yucca Wash to at least the southern margin of the Timber Mountain Caldera complex. South of Yucca Wash, the Paintbrush Canyon Fault is largely concealed beneath thick Quaternary deposits. Bedrock exposures to the north reveal a complex fault, zone, displaying local north- and west-trending grabens, and rhombic pull-apart features. The fault scarp, discontinuously exposed along a mapped length of 8 km north of Yucca Wash, dips westward by 41{degrees} to 74{degrees}. Maximum vertical offset of the Rhyolite of Comb Peak along the fault measures about 210 m in Paintbrush Canyon and, on the basis of drill hole information, vertical offset of the Topopoah Spring Tuff is about 360 m near the northern part of Fran Ridge. Observed displacement along the fault in Paintbrush Canyon is down to the west with a component of left-lateral oblique slip. Unlike previously proposed tectonic models, strata adjacent to the fault dip to the east. Quaternary deposits do not appear displaced along the fault scarp north of Yucca Wash, but are displaced in trenches south of Yucca Wash.

Dickerson, R.P. [Science Applications International Corp., Golden, CO (United States); Spengler, R.W. [Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

388

Fusibility Characteristics of Residual Ash from Lignite Fluidized-Bed Gasification To Understand Its Formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lignite is an abundant resource, which accounts for approximately 40% of global coal reserves. ... The effects of leaching and floatation on the ash fusion temperatures of three selected lignites ...

Feng-hai Li; Jie-jie Huang; Yi-tian Fang; Quan-run Liu

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

389

Understanding the Hydrologic Characteristics and Absorption Capacity of Bioretention Areas Kathryn Shepard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of storm water best management practices. Available at http://cfpub.epa.gov/npdes maintenance practices to ensure that the proper functioning of bioretention areas is maintained over numerous. Environ. Eng. 136(9): 878-889. [US EPA] United States Environmental Protection Agency. 2006. National menu

Arnold, Jonathan

390

Data Acquisition-Manipulation At San Jacinto Fault Geothermal Area (1982) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fault Geothermal Area (1982) Fault Geothermal Area (1982) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Data Acquisition-Manipulation At San Jacinto Fault Geothermal Area (1982) Exploration Activity Details Location San Jacinto Fault Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Data Acquisition-Manipulation Activity Date 1982 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Develop parameters to identify geothermal region Notes Statistical methods are outlined to separate spatially, temporally, and magnitude-dependent portions of both the random and non-random components of the seismicity. The methodology employed compares the seismicity distributions with a generalized Poisson distribution. Temporally related events are identified by the distribution of the interoccurrence times.

391

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatical adaptive fault Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Abstract. In robotics, exogenous fault detection is the process ... Source: Birattari, Mauro - Computer and Decision Engineering Department, Universit Libre de Bruxelles; Libre...

392

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive fault detection Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

through which one robot detects faults... that occur in other, ... Source: Birattari, Mauro - Computer and Decision Engineering Department, Universit Libre de Bruxelles; Libre...

393

E-Print Network 3.0 - active fault detection Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the adjudged or hypothesized cause... of an error. A fault is active ... Source: Powell, David - Laboratoire d'Analyse et d'Architecture des Systmes du CNRS Collection:...

394

Critical behaviour and the evolution of fault strength during earthquake cycles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the surrounding fault area. As this area accumulates further slip, it will strengthen and roughen as asperities are selected for. d, Cumulative slip for 10 smaller ‘aftershocks’. ...

Moritz Heimpel

1997-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

395

E-Print Network 3.0 - algorithmic fault tree Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 13 A Methodology for Stochastic Fault Simulation in VLSI Processor Architectures Christian J. Hescott, Drew C. Ness, David J....

396

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated fault detection Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Collection: Engineering 13 Modeling Consumer-Perceived Web Application Fault Severities for Testing Summary: a fully...

397

FAULT DETECTION IN NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS COMPONENTS BY A COMBINATION OF STATISTICAL METHODS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FAULT DETECTION IN NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS COMPONENTS BY A COMBINATION OF STATISTICAL METHODS Independent Component Analysis nc Normal conditions NPP Nuclear Power Plant PCA Principal Component Analysis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

398

SciTech Connect: Development of Asset Fault Signatures for Prognostic...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

signatures to assess the health status of generator step-up generators and emergency diesel generators in nuclear power plants. Asset fault signatures describe the distinctive...

399

C-testability of a ripple carry adder under multiple faults  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Fault Types IV FAULT SIMULATION AND EXPERIMENT . A. Physical Line Fault Simulation . 1. Layout 2. Simulation B. Functional Fault Simulation and Experiment . 1. Probability of Un-detection 2. Efficiency of the Test Vectors and Reduced Test V...'hey proposed a, shortened near-minimal set of test vectors for an ILA under SCFM. Further improvements to the problem of testing ILAs under MCFM were pro- vided by Cheng and Patel in [2]. This paper derives the necessary and sufficient conditions of a...

Bommena, Manoher V.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

400

Fault Detection and Diagnosis for Brine to Water Heat Pump Systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This research project is part of a wider project called Smart Fault Detection and Diagnosis for HeatPump Systems currently under development by the Royal… (more)

Vecchio, Daniel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Power System Feedback from High-Tc Superconductor Shielded Core Fault Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The shielded core fault current limiter is attractive with high critical temperature superconductors. ... acts during normal operation as an ideally shorted current transformer; the secondary superconducting loop...

J. Gerhold

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Multiple intersections between the overlapping fault strands results in increased fracture density that enhances hydrothermal fluid flow. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle...

403

Wind Power Plant Enhancement with a Fault-Current Limiter: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates the capability of a saturable core fault-current limiter to limit the short circuit current of different types of wind turbine generators.

Muljadi, E.; Gevorgian, V.; DeLaRosa, F.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Novel Coupled Thermochronometric and Geochemical Investigation of Blind Geothermal Resources in Fault-Controlled Dilational Corners  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Novel Coupled Thermochronometric and Geochemical Investigation of Blind Geothermal Resources in Fault-Controlled Dilational Corners presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

405

A History of Research in Fault Tolerant Computing at SRI International  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper offers a history of the research in fault-tolerant computing at the Computer Science Laboratory of SRI International. This research program, one of several...

Jack Goldberg

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Fault-Based Attack of RSA Authentication Andrea Pellegrini, Valeria Bertacco and Todd Austin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a straightforward design architecture that en- tails a small silicon footprint and low-power profile. Our research enviromental manipulations. Our fault-based attack can be succ

Austin, Todd M.

407

Characteristic (Version A)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) in Vladivostok is investigating the characteristics and limitations of a solar energy system as an energy source the photovoltaic array, the charging system, the energy storage system, and the power management system) on the design of an AUV. It also seeks to identify constraints that an AUV system places on the solar energy

408

Event Understanding and Memory 1 Running head: Event Understanding and Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Event Understanding and Memory 1 Running head: Event Understanding and Memory Event Understanding and Memory in Healthy Aging and Dementia of the Alzheimer Type Jeffrey M. Zacks, Nicole K. Speer, Jean M Understanding and Memory 2 Abstract Segmenting ongoing activity into events is important for later memory

Zacks, Jeffrey M.

409

On elongated stacking fault loops in TiAl  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Depending upon strain, load orientation, alloy composition and test temperature, the deformation microstructure of TiAl contains a varied density of stacking faults ribbons. The presence of these ribbons is correlated with that of superdislocations with 1/2{l_angle}112[square bracket] Burgers vector. They are elongated along any of the {l_angle}011[square bracket] directions. The present paper focuses on their formation mechanism, especially on the reasons which make that such dipolar defects, though intrinsically unstable, tend to exhibit a reasonably constant width.

Hug, G.; Veyssiere, P. [CNRS-ONERA, Chatillon (France)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

410

Analysis of transmission system faults in the phase domain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the zero, positive and negative sequences. d) Calculate the post-fault line current ij 2 2 2 ij j ij z VI ?= (2.15) where ij is the primitive impedance element between nodes i and j. After all these sequence quantities... in Figure 5. The data of this system is listed in Tables 1, 2, and 3. Figure 5. System diagram for the 3-bus system Table 1 Generator data (3 Bus system) Generator impedance(p.u.) # Gen. connection P N Z 1 Y-grounded 0.05j 0.05j 0.15j 2...

Zhu, Jun

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

Superconducting fault-current limiter and inductor design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) that uses a biased superconducting inductor in a diode or thyristor bridge circuit was analyzed for transmission systems in 69, 138, and 230 rms kV utility transmission systems. The limiter was evaluated for costs with all components - superconducting coil, diode and/or SCR power electronics, high voltage insulation, high voltage bushings and vapor cooled leads, dewar, and refrigerator - included. A design was undertaken for the superconducting cable and coils for both diode and SCR 69 kV limiter circuits.

Rogers, J.D.; Boenig, H.J.; Chowdhuri, P.; Schermer, R.I.; Wollan, J.J.; Weldon, D.M.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Ground Gravity Survey At Walker Lake Valley Area (Shoffner, Et...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

N. Hinz, A. Sabin, M. Lazaro, S. Alm (2010) Understanding Fault Characteristics And Sediment Depth For Geothermal Exploration Using 3D Gravity Inversion In Walker Valley, Nevada...

413

Field Mapping At Walker Lake Valley Area (Shoffner, Et Al., 2010...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

N. Hinz, A. Sabin, M. Lazaro, S. Alm (2010) Understanding Fault Characteristics And Sediment Depth For Geothermal Exploration Using 3D Gravity Inversion In Walker Valley, Nevada...

414

Thermal–electrical analogy for simulations of superconducting fault current limiters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In spite of the recent advances achieved with superconducting fault current limiters (SCFCL’s), modeling and simulation of such devices are still important issues. There are different approaches for modeling SCFCL’s, whereas computational simulations provide a better understanding of the behavior of SCFCL devices. In addition, results of hard experimental access may be achieved by means of computational simulation. The aim of this paper is to present a simple computational model to predict both the electrical and thermal behaviors of SCFCL devices. The main contribution of the present work is the use of a thermal–electrical analogy to solve the heat transfer equations inside SCFCL sub-components, which enables one to handle with relative easy the strong and nonlinear coupling between thermal and electrical phenomena. The limitation and quenching behavior of a resistive SCFCL assembly was investigated for overcurrents up to 67 kArms (Vo = 1 kVrms). Simulation results were compared to overcurrent experimental tests. A good agreement between simulations and tests has been found in the present work. Moreover, the results of the developed model were also compared with finite element results reported in the literature.

W.T.B. de Sousa; A. Polasek; R. Dias; C.F.T. Matt; R. de Andrade Jr.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Memorandum of Understanding, Responsibilities of Federal Agencies...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to Protect Migratory Birds September 12, 2013 DOE and the Department of the Interior's Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU)...

416

Understanding Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints, October...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

More Documents & Publications Understanding the 2010 Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints U.S. Manufacturing Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Analysis U.S....

417

Frictional behaviour of halite/muscovite fault gouge analogues: Effects of sliding velocity and of stepwise acceleration from sub- to co-seismic slip rates.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Investigating the (transient) frictional behaviour of fault rock from low to high velocities is required in experimental research on the stability of faults and earthquake… (more)

Buijze, A.J.L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

NREL: Wind Research - Site Wind Resource Characteristics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Site Wind Resource Characteristics Site Wind Resource Characteristics A graphic showing the location of National Wind Technology Center and its wind power class 2. Click on the image to view a larger version. Enlarge image This graphic shows the wind power class at the National Wind Technology Center. You can download a printable copy. The National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) is on the Great Plains just miles from the Rocky Mountains. The site is flat and covered with short grasses. The terrain and lack of obstructions make the site highly suitable for testing wind turbines. Take a tour of the NWTC and its facilities to better understand its location and layout. Another prime feature of the NWTC is the strong directionality of the wind - most of the strong winds come within a few degrees of 285°. West of

419

A hybrid system for fault detection and sensor fusion based on fuzzy clustering and artificial immune systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study, an efficient new hybrid approach for multiple sensors data fusion and fault detection is presented, addressing the problem with possible multiple faults, which is based on conventional fuzzy soft clustering and artificial immune...

Jaradat, Mohammad Abdel Kareem Rasheed

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

420

Detection and diagnosis of faults and energy monitoring of HVAC systems with least-intrusive power analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faults indicate degradation or sudden failure of equipment in a system. Widely existing in heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, faults always lead to inefficient energy consumption, undesirable indoor ...

Luo, Dong, 1966-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Development, Updating and Long-Term Operations of a 10.5 kV HTS Fault Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are many irreplaceable advantages of high temperature superconducting (HTS) fault current limiter, applying in electric utilities. It is expected to be able to solve excessive fault current problems and to ...

J. Zhang; S. Dai; Y. Teng; D. Zhang; N. Song…

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Study On Magnetic Shielding Type Superconducting Fault Current Limiter Using Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O Cylinder  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The power application of a superconductor to restrain a fault current has been researched. A superconducting fault current limiter using a Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O cylinder has been developed. This limiter consists of the p...

Michiharu Ichikawa; Hiroyuki Kado; Kunikazu Izumi

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

A Conceptual Design of Superconducting Fault Current Limiter with Bi2223 in 6.6 kV Distribution System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have proposed a new type fault current limiter, which consists of a flux-lock reactor...c...superconducting (HTS) element and ac magnetic field coil (Flux-Lock Type Fault Current Limiter: FLT-FCL). This paper ...

Yu-Hong Guo; Toshiyuki Uchii; Yasunobu Yokomizu…

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Monitoring overburden layer changes and fault movements from time-lapse seismic data on the Valhall Field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......growth fault in the Frio formation, Texas Gulf Coast, Geophysics, 54, 426-439...surface faulting in the Houston-Galveston area, Texas related to deep fluid withdrawal...hydrocarbon production, southeastern Texas coast, J. Coastal Res., 13......

Thomas Røste; Martin Landrø; Paul Hatchell

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Fault Wear by Damage Evolution During Steady-State Slip VLADIMIR LYAKHOVSKY,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the wear leads to the establishment of gouge and cataclasite zones (Fig. 1b) that range in thickness fromFault Wear by Damage Evolution During Steady-State Slip VLADIMIR LYAKHOVSKY,1 AMIR SAGY,1 YUVAL BONEH,2 and ZE'EV RECHES 3 Abstract--Slip along faults generates wear products such as gouge layers

Lyakhovsky, Vladimir

426

Improving Model-Based Gas Turbine Fault Diagnosis Using Multi-Operating Point Method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comprehensive gas turbine fault diagnosis system has been designed using a full nonlinear simulator developed in Turbotec company for the V94.2 industrial gas turbine manufactured by Siemens AG. The methods used for detection and isolation of faulty ... Keywords: monitoring, fault diagnosis, extended Kalman filter, gas turbine, simulator

Amin Salar; Seyed Mehrdad Hosseini; Behnam Rezaei Zangmolk; Ali Khaki Sedigh

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

A Fully Automated Fault-tolerant System for Distributed Video Processing and Off-site Replication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Fully Automated Fault-tolerant System for Distributed Video Processing and Off-site Replication been a failure-prone tedious operation with an operator needed to babysit the processing and off-site, off-site replication, fault-tolerance, grid, educational research. 1. INTRODUCTION In different fields

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

428

Resistive Bridge Fault Modeling,Simulationand Test Generation Vijay R. Sar-Dessai  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resistive Bridge Fault Modeling,Simulationand Test Generation Vijay R. Sar-Dessai Intel Corporation.sar-dessai@intel.com Abstract In this work' we develop models of resistive bridging faults and study thefault coverage on ISCAS85 circuits of different test sets using resistive and zero-ohm bridges at different supply voltages

Walker, Duncan M. "Hank"

429

Computation of the split factor of earth fault currents by considering the proximity effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To determine a safe substation grounding grid in power systems, it is important to compute the split factor for earth fault current including the proximity influences among the grid and the earthing systems of the incoming/outgoing transmission lines' ... Keywords: earth fault currents, grounding grid design, proximity effects, split factor, touch and step voltages

N. Ramezani; S. M. Shahrtash

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

A Smart Algorithm for the Diagnosis of Short-Circuit Faults in a Photovoltaic Generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Smart Algorithm for the Diagnosis of Short-Circuit Faults in a Photovoltaic Generator Wail Rezgui observations distributed over classes is used for simulation purposes. Keywords--Photovoltaic generator, SVM, k-NN, short-circuit fault, smart classification, linear programming. NOMENCLATURE PV = Photovoltaic; SVM

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

431

A Regression Algorithm for the Smart Prognosis of a Reversed Polarity Fault in a Photovoltaic Generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Regression Algorithm for the Smart Prognosis of a Reversed Polarity Fault in a Photovoltaic database containing sample data is used for simulation purposes. Keywords--Photovoltaic generator, SVR, k-NNR, reversed polarity fault, diagnosis, prognosis. NOMENCLATURE PV = Photovoltaic; SVM = Support Vector

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

432

Fault Models and Test Generation for Hardware-Software Covalidation Ian G. Harris  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

use of hardware-software systems in cost-critical and life-critical applications has led to heightenedFault Models and Test Generation for Hardware-Software Covalidation £ Ian G. Harris Department: Hardware-Software Covalidation, Design Validation, Test Generation, Fault Models Abstract The increasing

Harris, Ian G.

433

Erosion, fault initiation and topographic growth of the North Qilian Shan (northern Tibetan Plateau)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...faulting broadly conforms to the step-wise growth model of plateau formation (Tapponnier...stage of orogenisis. Unlike the step-wise model, we suggest that the late Miocene...fault throw. We thank Lindsey Hedges, Alison Duvall, Peter Molnar, and support by...

Dewen Zheng; Marin K. Clark; Peizhen Zhang; Wenjun Zheng; Kenneth A. Farley

434

Model Checking a Fault-Tolerant Startup Algorithm: From Design Exploration To  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

automated using a simulator or rapid prototype and such automation may increase the number of scenarios rapidly and eventually becomes infeasible as the size of the model grows, so that abstractionModel Checking a Fault-Tolerant Startup Algorithm: From Design Exploration To Exhaustive Fault

Pfeifer, Holger

435

Voltage grid support of DFIG wind turbines during grid faults Anca D. Hansen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Voltage grid support of DFIG wind turbines during grid faults Anca D. Hansen1 , Gabriele Michalke2) wind turbines address primarily the design of DFIG wind turbine control with special focus on power strategy for DFIG wind turbines, which enhances the fault ride-through capability of DFIG wind turbines

436

Power saving and fault-tolerance in real-time critical embedded systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a method with the double purpose of reducing the consumption of energy and giving a deterministic guarantee on the fault tolerance of real-time embedded systems operating under the Rate Monotonic discipline is presented. A lower bound ... Keywords: Embedded systems, Energy-aware, Fault-tolerance, Real-time

Rodrigo M. Santos; Jorge Santos; Javier D. Orozco

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Integrated Fault Detection and Isolation: Application to a Winery's Wastewater Treatment Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, an integrated object-oriented fuzzy logic fault detection and isolation (FDI) module for a biological wastewater treatment process is presented. The defined FDI strategy and the software implementation are detailed. Using experimental ... Keywords: anaerobic digestion, fuzzy logic, object-oriented programming, on-line fault detection and isolation (FDI), wastewater treatment

Antoine Genovesi; Jérôme Harmand; Jean-Philippe Steyer

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Automated Analysis of Fault-Tolerance in Distributed Systems Scott D. Stoller y  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automated Analysis of Fault-Tolerance in Distributed Systems #3; Scott D. Stoller y Computer satisfy in speci#12;ed failure scenarios. Our analysis method is to compute, for each failure scenario for which the user speci#12;ed a fault-tolerance requirement, an MFG representing the system's communication

Schneider, Fred B.

439

Incorporating Fault Tolerance in Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADCs) Mandeep Singh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems can be increased by applying a two-step procedure start- ing with sensitivity analysis followed transients are discussed. 1. Introduction Critical systems used in space, avionics and biomed- ical the improve- ment in the reliability of the system. Fault sensitivity analysis involves injection of faults

Koren, Israel

440

Geological investigation of a lineated massif at the Kane Transform Fault: implications for oceanic core complexes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...al. 1998; Blackman et al. 1998) and marine multichannel seismic data (White et al...or as striations formed by abrasional wear along a fault surface (Cann et al. 1997...they are not the products of abrasional wear on frictional fault zones, they need not...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The Functional Design on Fault Recorder of µC / OS-II-based Intelligent Substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regarding the functional requirements for smart substation in fault recorder, this paper introduced µC / OSII, an embedded real-time multitasking operating system as the functional design. The program works with the embedded operating system, the ... Keywords: intelligent substation, fault recorder, embedded operating systems, the ?C / OS-II, state machine

Zhang Yihui; Hu Wenqiang; Liu Shiming; Wang Huabin; Zhang Haiyan

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

The role of the digital fault recorder in the automated substation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper addresses the role of the digital fault recorder in the automated substation. The topics of the paper include distributed architecture, the substation LAN and reduced installation costs, multiple functions, improved substation intelligence, record generation and record merging, fault summaries, master station software, and future considerations.

Brandt, J.D. [Hathaway Corp., Littleton, CO (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

A compiler-based infrastructure for fault-tolerant co-design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The protection of processor-based systems to mitigate the harmful effects of transient faults (hardening) is gaining importance as technology shrinks. Hybrid hardware/software hardening approaches are promising alternatives in the design of such ... Keywords: co-design, fault-tolerance, hardening, single event effect (SEE), single event upset (SEU)

Felipe Restrepo-Calle; Antonio Martínez-Álvarez; Hipólito Guzmán-Miranda; F. R. Palomo; M. A. Aguirre; Sergio Cuenca-Asensi

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Embryonics: A Bio-Inspired Cellular Architecture with Fault-Tolerant Properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper details and expands the work on Embryonics, a recently proposed fault-tolerant cellular architecture with reconfiguration properties inspired by the ontogenetic development of multicellular systems. The design of a selector-based embryonic ... Keywords: FPGAs, bio-inspired systems, embryonics, fault-tolerant systems, reliability models

Cesar Ortega-Sanchez; Daniel Mange; Steve Smith; Andy Tyrrell

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Effect of faulting on ground-water movement in the Death Valley region, Nevada and California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study characterizes the hydrogeologic system of the Death Valley region, an area covering approximately 100,000 square kilometers. The study also characterizes the effects of faults on ground-water movement in the Death Valley region by synthesizing crustal stress, fracture mechanics,a nd structural geologic data. The geologic conditions are typical of the Basin and Range Province; a variety of sedimentary and igneous intrusive and extrusive rocks have been subjected to both compressional and extensional deformation. Faulting and associated fracturing is pervasive and greatly affects ground-water flow patterns. Faults may become preferred conduits or barriers to flow depending on whether they are in relative tension, compression, or shear and other factors such as the degree of dislocations of geologic units caused by faulting, the rock types involved, the fault zone materials, and the depth below the surface. The current crustal stress field was combined with fault orientations to predict potential effects of faults on the regional ground-water flow regime. Numerous examples of fault-controlled ground-water flow exist within the study area. Hydrologic data provided an independent method for checking some of the assumptions concerning preferential flow paths. 97 refs., 20 figs., 5 tabs.

Faunt, C.C.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

446

Mechanical fault detection in induction motor drives through stator current monitoring -Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Common failures occurring in electrical drives can be roughly classified into: Electrical faults: stator in the load part of the drive) A reliability survey on large electric motors (>200 HP) revealed that most drive including the load, but they show that mechanical fault detection is of great concern in electric

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

447

An On-line Method for Stator Fault Detection in Multi-phase PMSM Drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An On-line Method for Stator Fault Detection in Multi-phase PMSM Drives Fabien Meinguet*, Eric deals with an on-line fault detection method for multi-phase PMSM drives. The method is based have been investigated for transport applications such as hybrid electric vehicle [1], [2] and ship

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

448

Fault Tolerant Photodiode and Photogate Active Pixel Sensors , Glenn H. Chapmana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fault Tolerant Photodiode and Photogate Active Pixel Sensors Cory Junga , Glenn H. Chapmana, this design can correct for most defects allowing for higher production yields. Fault tolerant photodiode and photogate APS' were fabricated in 0.18-micron technology. Testing showed that the photodiode APS could

Chapman, Glenn H.

449

High-Order Sliding Mode Control for DFIG-Based Wind Turbine Fault Ride-Through  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-scale power converter WT concept, the DFIG offers some advantages, such as reduced inverter and output filterHigh-Order Sliding Mode Control for DFIG-Based Wind Turbine Fault Ride-Through Mohamed Benbouzid with the Fault Ride-Through (FRT) capability assessment of a Doubly-Fed Induction Generator (DFIG)-based Wind

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

450

Impact of VSC faults on dynamic performance and low voltage ride through of DFIG  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A doubly-fed induction generator’s (DFIG’s) sensitivity to external faults has motivated researchers to investigate the impact of various grid disturbances, such as voltage sags and short circuit faults, on its low-voltage ride-through (LVRT) capability. However, no attention has been paid to the impact of internal faults in voltage source converters (VSCs), that interface a DFIG with the grid, on the dynamic performance of the machine. This paper investigates the impacts of various VSC faults, on the dynamic performance and LVRT capability of a DFIG. Faults such as open and short circuit within VSC switches and across the DC-link capacitor are considered in this paper. The impact of internal VSC faults when they occur within the grid side converter (GSC) and rotor side converter (RSC) is investigated. Compliance of the voltage profiles of a DFIG with the \\{LVRTs\\} specified in the recent grid codes of the USA, Spain, Mexico, Denmark, Ireland, Germany, Quebec and the UK are examined for the faults studied. The simulation results show that these faults should be considered in designs of protection systems aimed at avoiding any catastrophic failure of the converter switches or wind turbine.

A.F. Abdou; A. Abu-Siada; H.R. Pota

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

DFIG Driven Wind Turbine Grid Fault-Tolerance Using High-Order Sliding Mode Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DFIG Driven Wind Turbine Grid Fault-Tolerance Using High-Order Sliding Mode Control Mohamed (DFIG), control, second-order sliding mode, grid fault-tolerance. Nomenclature WT = Wind Turbine; DFIG increased currents, which may lead to converter failure. Achieving ride-through requirement for DFIG

Boyer, Edmond

452

Exact Computation of Maximally Dominating Faults and Its Application to -Detection Tests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exact Computation of Maximally Dominating Faults and Its Application to -Detection Tests Ilia, IN 47907, USA Abstract £ -detection test sets for stuck-at faults have been shown to be useful in detecting an important role in controlling the increase in the size of an £ -detection test set as £ is increased

Polian, Ilia

453

nD-RAPID: a multidimensional scalable fault-tolerant optoelectronic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nD-RAPID: a multidimensional scalable fault-tolerant optoelectronic interconnection for high of faults. We propose a multidimen- sional optoelectronic architecture, nD-RAPID (reconfigurable, and latency [4­7]. In this paper, we propose a novel optoelectronic architecture nD-RAPID (n Dimen- sional

Louri, Ahmed

454

A Probability Extension of PCA to Detect and Diagnose Sensor Faults in Air Handling Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Due to sensor faults, it is a challenge to successfully detect and diagnose component faults in HVAC systems. The Principal Component Analysis (PCA) method has become a popular method to tackle this problem in recent years, but PCA is not capable...

Li, Z.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Extractable organic material in fault zones as a tool to1 investigate frictional stress2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by measuring modern heat flow in boreholes in the vicinity of the San Andreas37 Fault [Brune et al., 1969 the temperature of a fault immediately after a large earthquake [Kano et al., 2006;44 Tanaka et al., 2001], however, no project to date has succeeded in drilling fast and deep enough45 with sufficient repeated

Polissar, Pratigya J.

456

First-principles calculations of twin-boundary and stacking-fault energies in magnesium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First-principles calculations of twin-boundary and stacking-fault energies in magnesium Y. Wang and stacking faults in metal magnesium have been calculated using first-principles supercell approach. Four. Keywords: Magnesium; Interfaces; Twinning; First-principles calculation Magnesium alloys are increasingly

Chen, Long-Qing

457

An on-line fault detection technique based on embedded debug features  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An increasing number of applications require being able to detect possible faults arising during the normal activity of the electronic system: for this reason, on-line fault detection is a hot topic today. This paper proposes a new technique which is ...

M. Grosso; M. Sonza Reorda; M. Portela-Garcia; M. Garcia-Valderas; C. Lopez-Ongil; L. Entrena

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Miocene faulting at plate tectonic velocity in the Himalaya of central Nepal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Miocene faulting at plate tectonic velocity in the Himalaya of central Nepal Matthew J. Kohna, Tri-Chandra Campus, Ghantaghar, Kathmandu, Nepal, United States Received 7 April 2004; received (MCT) and affiliated faults in central Nepal. Inferred rates were 1.5F0.9 cm/yr (Langtang Thrust, ~19

459

System for detecting and limiting electrical ground faults within electrical devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrical ground fault detection and limitation system for employment with a nuclear reactor utilizing a liquid metal coolant. Elongate electromagnetic pumps submerged within the liquid metal coolant and electrical support equipment experiencing an insulation breakdown occasion the development of electrical ground fault current. Without some form of detection and control, these currents may build to damaging power levels to expose the pump drive components to liquid metal coolant such as sodium with resultant undesirable secondary effects. Such electrical ground fault currents are detected and controlled through the employment of an isolated power input to the pumps and with the use of a ground fault control conductor providing a direct return path from the affected components to the power source. By incorporating a resistance arrangement with the ground fault control conductor, the amount of fault current permitted to flow may be regulated to the extent that the reactor may remain in operation until maintenance may be performed, notwithstanding the existence of the fault. Monitors such as synchronous demodulators may be employed to identify and evaluate fault currents for each phase of a polyphase power, and control input to the submerged pump and associated support equipment.

Gaubatz, Donald C. (Cupertino, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Hydrogeological aspects of fault zones on various scales in the Roer Valley Rift System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the location of the fault zone. Finally, on a regional scale, hydraulic head patterns around the lignite mining to regional groundwater flow patterns. D 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Faults B.V. All rights reserved. doi:10.1016/S0375-6742(03)00031-1 * Corresponding author. Fax: +31

Bense, Victor

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Online Model-based Diagnosis for Multiple, Intermittent and Interaction Faults  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

convert, move and process materials or objects. Examples of such systems are printers, refineries. An interaction fault is present if a set of components operating on the same object, damage the object even though each component alone produces non noticeable damage. Introducing interaction faults is much

de Kleer, Johan

462

Arcing fault identification using combined Gabor Transform-neural network for transmission lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents an intelligent identification scheme for transient faults in transmission systems using Gabor Transform (GT) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN). The successful discrimination between arcing and permanent faults can be then utilized for realize a reliable operation of autoreclosure systems. The proposed algorithm employs the GT as a signal processing technique and the ANN for pattern recognition and classification processes. The use of GT is motivated by the fact that the Gabor elementary functions have distinctive an optimal localization property in the joint time and frequency domains, which leads to an optimal feature extraction. The extracted GT coefficients are used as the inputs to a three layer feedforward ANN. The generalization capabilities of neural networks together with the GT are expected to discriminate between arcing and permanent fault cases successfully. The fault behavior is simulated by ATP/EMTP where the arc model is realized using universal arc representation. Finally, the possibility of hardware implementation of the proposed scheme is visualized in order to verify its practicality and suitability for real field operation. The results show that combining of GT along with \\{ANNs\\} achieves an excellent performance to discriminate between arcing and permanent faults with eliminating the impacts of fault resistance, fault location and fault inception angle as compared with conventional discriminators.

Tamer A. Kawady; Nagy I. Elkalashy; Ayman E. Ibrahim; Abdel-Maksoud I. Taalab

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

A nested invocation suppression mechanism for active replication fault-tolerant CORBA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A nested invocation suppression mechanism for active replication fault-tolerant CORBA Deron Liang. The redundant nested invocation (RNI) problem arises when servers in a replicated group issues nested a mechanism to perform auto-suppression of redundant nested invocation in an active replication fault

Chen, Sheng-Wei

464

Action Models: A Reliability Modeling Formalism for Fault-Tolerant Distributed Computing Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Action Models: A Reliability Modeling Formalism for Fault-Tolerant Distributed Computing Systems. Introduction Model-based evaluation of the reliability of distributed systems has traditionally required expert- proach to analyze the reliability of fault-tolerant distributed systems. More in particular, we want

Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

465

Oil and Gas CDT Predicting fault permeability at depth: incorporating natural  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil and Gas CDT Predicting fault permeability at depth: incorporating natural permeability controls on fluid flow in oil and gas reservoirs. Fault zones are composed of many deformation elements will receive 20 weeks bespoke, residential training of broad relevance to the oil and gas industry: 10 weeks

Henderson, Gideon

466

A core-based assessment of the spatial relationship of small faults associated with a basement-controlled, large normal fault in the Hickory Sandstone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with reverse-slip, showing associated fault strike, dip polarity and cumulative displacement per foot????????????????????? Page 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 xii FIGURE 52 Borehole NNR-8: Distribution of small faults with reverse... they were purged from the ?density? measures???.. 3 Descriptive statistics for sample data (n = 692) of displacement, gouge thickness and corresponding log transforms????????????. 4 Summary statistics for ln displacement of all four grain sizes for a...

Graff, Mitchell C

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

467

Fault-tolerant Holonomic Quantum Computation in Surface Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that universal holonomic quantum computation (HQC) can be achieved fault-tolerantly by adiabatically deforming the gapped stabilizer Hamiltonian of the surface code, where quantum information is encoded in the degenerate ground space of the system Hamiltonian. We explicitly propose procedures to perform each logical operation, including logical state initialization, logical state measurement, logical CNOT, state injection and distillation,etc. In particular, adiabatic braiding of different types of holes on the surface leads to a topologically protected, non-Abelian geometric logical CNOT. Throughout the computation, quantum information is protected from both small perturbations and low weight thermal excitations by a constant energy gap, and is independent of the system size. Also the Hamiltonian terms have weight at most four during the whole process. The effect of thermal error propagation is considered during the adiabatic code deformation. With the help of active error correction, this scheme is fault-tolerant, in the sense that the computation time can be arbitrarily long for large enough lattice size. It is shown that the frequency of error correction and the physical resources needed can be greatly reduced by the constant energy gap.

Yi-Cong Zheng; Todd A. Brun

2015-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

468

Fault current limiter and alternating current circuit breaker  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solid-state circuit breaker and current limiter are disclosed for a load served by an alternating current source having a source impedance, the solid-state circuit breaker and current limiter comprising a thyristor bridge interposed between the alternating current source and the load, the thyristor bridge having four thyristor legs and four nodes, with a first node connected to the alternating current source, and a second node connected to the load. A coil is connected from a third node to a fourth node, the coil having an impedance of a value calculated to limit the current flowing therethrough to a predetermined value. Control means are connected to the thyristor legs for limiting the alternating current flow to the load under fault conditions to a predetermined level, and for gating the thyristor bridge under fault conditions to quickly reduce alternating current flowing therethrough to zero and thereafter to maintain the thyristor bridge in an electrically open condition preventing the alternating current from flowing therethrough for a predetermined period of time. 9 figs.

Boenig, H.J.

1998-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

469

Fault current limiter and alternating current circuit breaker  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A solid-state circuit breaker and current limiter for a load served by an alternating current source having a source impedance, the solid-state circuit breaker and current limiter comprising a thyristor bridge interposed between the alternating current source and the load, the thyristor bridge having four thyristor legs and four nodes, with a first node connected to the alternating current source, and a second node connected to the load. A coil is connected from a third node to a fourth node, the coil having an impedance of a value calculated to limit the current flowing therethrough to a predetermined value. Control means are connected to the thyristor legs for limiting the alternating current flow to the load under fault conditions to a predetermined level, and for gating the thyristor bridge under fault conditions to quickly reduce alternating current flowing therethrough to zero and thereafter to maintain the thyristor bridge in an electrically open condition preventing the alternating current from flowing therethrough for a predetermined period of time.

Boenig, Heinrich J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Restoration and testing of an HTS fault current controller  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A three-phase, 1200 A, 12.5 kV fault current controller using three HTS 4 mH coils, was built by industry and tested in 1999 at the Center Substation of Southern California Edison in Norwalk, CA. During the testing, it appeared that each of the three single-phase units had experienced a voltage breakdown, one externally and two internally. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) was asked by DOE to restore the operation of the fault current controller provided the HTS coils had not been damaged during the initial substation tests. When the internally-failed coil vacuum vessels were opened it became evident that in these two vessels, a flashover had occurred at the high voltage bus section leading to the terminals of the superconducting coil. An investigation into the failure mechanism resulted in six possible causes for the flashover. Based on these causes, the high voltage bus was completely redesigned. Single-phase tests were successfully performed on the modified unit at a 13.7 kV LANL substation. This paper presents the postulated voltage flashover failure mechanisms, the new high voltage bus design which mitigates the failure mechanisms, the sequence of tests used to validate the new design, and finally, the results of variable load and short-circuit tests with the single-phase unit operating on the LANL 13.7 kV substation.

Waynert, J. A. (Joseph A.); Boenig, H. (Heinrich E.); Mielke, C. H. (Charles H.); Willis, J. O. (Jeffrey O.); Burley, B. L. (Burt L.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

100 Area electrical distribution fault and coordination report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents three-phase and line-to-ground fault values and time overcurrent coordination curves for the electrical utility distribution system located in the 100 Areas. Activities that may improve the coordination of the distribution system have also been identified. An evaluation of system coordination was performed. The results of this evaluation are listed in Appendix B. There are protective devices within the 100 Area distribution system that do not coordinate with one another throughout the Areas. There is also a mis-application of reclosing relays at the 100B Area. The impact of the mis-coordination and incorrect application of reclosing relays is that system selectivity is reduced. Equipment will still be protected against damaging currents, however more equipment will be de-energized than necessary during fault conditions. It is the opinion of the author of this report that the cases of mis-coordination listed above, and in Appendix B, do not significantly degrade the system protection system nor the reliability of the 100 Area distribution system. Therefore, immediate response to correct these problems is not recommended. However, a planned methodology, outlined in an Activity Plan, to correct these problems should be developed and implemented in the near future.

Webber, J.J. [ICF Kaiser Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1994-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

472

UNDERSTANDING RETAIL PRODUCTIVITY BY SIMULATING MANAGEMENT PRACTICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNDERSTANDING RETAIL PRODUCTIVITY BY SIMULATING MANAGEMENT PRACTICES Peer-Olaf Siebers1 , Uwe and simulation to investigate a set of problems in a retail context. Specifically, we are working to understand the relationship between human resource management practices and retail productivity. Despite the fact we

Aickelin, Uwe

473

Distinguished Lecturer Series Understanding Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distinguished Lecturer Series Understanding Climate Change: Opportunities and Challenges for Data A Climate change is the defining environmental challenge facing our planet, yet there is considerable.Anew and transformative approach is required to understand the potential impact of climate change. Data driven approaches

California at Davis, University of

474

Understanding complexity in the human brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding complexity in the human brain Danielle S. Bassett1 and Michael S. Gazzaniga2 1 the ultimate aim of neuroscientific enquiry is to gain an understanding of the brain and how its work- ings of mind­brain mechanisms if the cumulative findings from these neu- roscientific studies are coupled

Gazzaniga, Michael

475

Mirroring and the development of action understanding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...seems possible that motor processes could be involved in the prospective...understanding the developmental processes that shape the mirror neuron...require understanding the interrelated neural systems at work in...infants engage these same processes in making sense of others...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Fault tolerant control of outdoor air and AHU supply air temperature in VAV air conditioning systems using PCA method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a fault tolerant control method to control the outdoor air ventilation and AHU supply air temperature, which concerned indoor air quality and humidity, respectively to satisfy ASHRAE Standard in VAV systems. The principal component analysis method, joint angle method, and compensatory reconstruction are used to detect, isolate, and reconstruct the fault, respectively for fault tolerant control. They are tested and evaluated in a simulation environment under the condition of temperature and flow sensors with fix bias faults.

Xinqiao Jin; Zhimin Du

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Geologic And Geophysical Evidence For Intra-Basin And Footwall Faulting At  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geophysical Evidence For Intra-Basin And Footwall Faulting At Geophysical Evidence For Intra-Basin And Footwall Faulting At Dixie Valley, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Geologic And Geophysical Evidence For Intra-Basin And Footwall Faulting At Dixie Valley, Nevada Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A 'nested graben' structural model, in which multiple faults successively displace rocks downward to the deepest part of the basin, is supported by recent field geologic analysis and correlation of results to geophysical data for Dixie Valley. Aerial photographic analysis and detailed field mapping provide strong evidence for a deep graben separated from the ranges to the east and west by multiple normal faults that affect the Tertiary/Quaternary basin-fill sediments. Correlation with seismic

478

Controls on Fault-Hosted Fluid Flow: Preliminary Results from the Coso  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Controls on Fault-Hosted Fluid Flow: Preliminary Results from the Coso Controls on Fault-Hosted Fluid Flow: Preliminary Results from the Coso Geothermal Field, CA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Controls on Fault-Hosted Fluid Flow: Preliminary Results from the Coso Geothermal Field, CA Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: cap rock, permeability, fault, fracture, clay, Coso Author(s): Davatzes, N.C.; Hickman, S.H. Published: Geothermal Resource Council Transactions 2005, 1/1/2005 Document Number: Unavailable DOI: Unavailable Conceptual Model At Coso Geothermal Area (2005-2007) Coso Geothermal Area Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Controls_on_Fault-Hosted_Fluid_Flow:_Preliminary_Results_from_the_Coso_Geothermal_Field,_CA&oldid=473359"

479

Fault and joint geometry at Raft River geothermal area, Idaho | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and joint geometry at Raft River geothermal area, Idaho and joint geometry at Raft River geothermal area, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Fault and joint geometry at Raft River geothermal area, Idaho Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Raft River geothermal reservoir is formed by fractures in sedimentary strata of the Miocene and Pliocene Salt Lake Formation. The fracturing is most intense at the base of the Salt Lake Formation, along a decollement that dips eastward at less than 5 0 on top of metamorphosed Precambrian and Lower Paleozoic rocks. Core taken from less than 200 m above the decollement contains two sets of normal faults. The major set of faults dips between 50 0 and 70 0. These faults occur as conjugate pairs that are bisected by vertical extension fractures. The second set of faults

480

Modeling of the surface static displacements and fault plane slip for the 1979 Imperial Valley earthquake  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three-dimensional finite element modeling techniques are used to synthesize geodetic and seismological results for 1979 Imperial Valley earthquake. The strategy pursued consists of two principal steps. In the first step, the seismologically-derived coseismic fault slip is taken as a function of position in the fault plane and is applied directly to the three-dimensional dislocation model. In the second step, a physical model of stresses and constitutive parameters is perturbed so as to reproduce the observed fault slip. Hence, the principal features of the coseismic slip pattern are explained by a stress-driven fault model in which: (1) a spatially unresolved asperity is found equivalent to a stress drop of 18 MPa averaged over an area of 15 sq km, and (2) driving stress is essentially absent on the fault segment overlapping the 1940 earthquake rupture zone. 24 references.

Slade, M.A.; Lyzenga, G.A.; Raefsky, A.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "understanding fault characteristics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Fault tree synthesis for software design analysis of PLC based safety-critical systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a software verification and validation should be performed for the development of PLC based safety-critical systems, a software safety analysis is also considered in line with entire software life cycle. In this paper, we propose a technique of software safety analysis in the design phase. Among various software hazard analysis techniques, fault tree analysis is most widely used for the safety analysis of nuclear power plant systems. Fault tree analysis also has the most intuitive notation and makes both qualitative and quantitative analyses possible. To analyze the design phase more effectively, we propose a technique of fault tree synthesis, along with a universal fault tree template for the architecture modules of nuclear software. Consequently, we can analyze the safety of software on the basis of fault tree synthesis. (authors)

Koo, S. R.; Cho, C. H. [Corporate R and D Inst., Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction Co., Ltd., 39-3, Seongbok-Dong, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 449-795 (Korea, Republic of); Seong, P. H. [Dept. of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering, Korea Advanced Inst. of Science and Technology, 373-3 Guseong-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Fault-Tolerant Conversion between the Steane and Reed-Muller Quantum Codes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Steane’s 7-qubit quantum error-correcting code admits a set of fault-tolerant gates that generate the Clifford group, which in itself is not universal for quantum computation. The 15-qubit Reed-Muller code also does not admit a universal fault-tolerant gate set but possesses fault-tolerant T and control-control-Z gates. Combined with the Clifford group, either of these two gates generates a universal set. Here, we combine these two features by demonstrating how to fault-tolerantly convert between these two codes, providing a new method to realize universal fault-tolerant quantum computation. One interpretation of our result is that both codes correspond to the same subsystem code in different gauges. Our scheme extends to the entire family of quantum Reed-Muller codes.

Jonas T. Anderson; Guillaume Duclos-Cianci; David Poulin

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

483

Recovery time of superconducting non-inductive reactor type fault current limiter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A superconducting fault current limiting device for electric power systems has been investigated to find out its feasibility. Non-inductive reactor type fault current limiter has been constructed using metal superconductor. Two bifilar wound solenoids were connected in antiparallel or antiseries. On each connection, the fault current limiting test was performed by short-circuiting a resistive load suddenly. The recovery (normal-to-superconductive state transition) time after the current limiting mode has been studied using small scale model of fault current limiter for the low voltage distribution line. The results reveal that the current limiter could be operated under repetitive fault current accident which was removed within a few cycle of the limiting mode. The recovery time is a function of the dissipated energy under current limiting mode. Test results are presented.

Hoshino, T.; Muta, I.; Tsukiji, H. [Saga Univ., Honjo, Saga (Japan)] [Saga Univ., Honjo, Saga (Japan); Ohkubo, K.; Etoh, M. [Kyushu Electric Power Co., Kono-Higashi, Saga (Japan)] [Kyushu Electric Power Co., Kono-Higashi, Saga (Japan)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

System and method for motor fault detection using stator current noise cancellation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for detecting incipient mechanical motor faults by way of current noise cancellation is disclosed. The system includes a controller configured to detect indicia of incipient mechanical motor faults. The controller further includes a processor programmed to receive a baseline set of current data from an operating motor and define a noise component in the baseline set of current data. The processor is also programmed to acquire at least on additional set of real-time operating current data from the motor during operation, redefine the noise component present in each additional set of real-time operating current data, and remove the noise component from the operating current data in real-time to isolate any fault components present in the operating current data. The processor is then programmed to generate a fault index for the operating current data based on any isolated fault components.

Zhou, Wei (Los Angeles, CA); Lu, Bin (Kenosha, WI); Nowak, Michael P. (Menomonee Falls, WI); Dimino, Steven A. (Wauwatosa, WI)

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

485

The Nevada railroad system: Physical, operational, and accident characteristics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides a description of the operational and physical characteristics of the Nevada railroad system. To understand the dynamics of the rail system, one must consider the system`s physical characteristics, routing, uses, interactions with other systems, and unique operational characteristics, if any. This report is presented in two parts. The first part is a narrative description of all mainlines and major branchlines of the Nevada railroad system. Each Nevada rail route is described, including the route`s physical characteristics, traffic type and volume, track conditions, and history. The second part of this study provides a more detailed analysis of Nevada railroad accident characteristics than was presented in the Preliminary Nevada Transportation Accident Characterization Study (DOE, 1990).

NONE

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Advances in understanding solar energy collection materials  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Understanding solar energy collection materials Understanding solar energy collection materials Advances in understanding solar energy collection materials A LANL team and collaborators have made advances in the understanding of how carbon nanotubes move charges created by light. November 9, 2012 Efficient energy transport in photovoltaic carbon nanomaterials Efficient energy transport in photovoltaic carbon nanomaterials. A LANL team and collaborators have made advances in the understanding of how carbon nanotubes move charges created by light. The research has applications for cheap, all-carbon-based photovoltaics and light detection elements. Their work measures exciton transport (excitons are small packets of energy made up of positive and negative charges) in carbon nanotubes at room temperature in a colloidal environment. A colloid is a substance that

487

Sensor Fault-Tolerant Control of an Induction Motor Based Electric Vehicle Bekhera Tabbache1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sensor Fault-Tolerant Control of an Induction Motor Based Electric Vehicle Bekheïra Tabbache1://www.lbms.fr Keywords Electric Vehicle (EV), Induction motor, Sensor fault, Fault-tolerant control (FTC), Direct torque a reconfigurable direct torque control of an induction motor-based electric vehicle. The proposed strategy concerns

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

488

Carton motion-moment diagram and stiffness characteristics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To achieve the versatility in developing a packaging machine, it is imperative to understand the motion and stiffness characteristics of cartons during industrial folding and manipulation. It is desirable to describe carton and its folding procedure ... Keywords: equivalent mechanism, motion-moment diagram, packaging carton, stiffness

Guowu Wei; Ruirui Zhang; Jian S. Dai

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Investigation on Wave Propagation Characteristics in Plates and Pipes for Identification of Structural Defect Locations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For successful identification of structural defects in plates and pipes, it is essential to understand structural wave propagation characteristics such as dispersion relations. Analytical approaches to identify the dispersion relations...

Han, Je Heon

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

490

Experimental study to determine basic performance characteristics of recycled glass as beach nourishment material  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since significant amounts of recycled glass may be used as a substitute of materials for beach nourishment in urban beaches, laboratory experiments were proposed to understand the performance characteristics of glass versus natural sand. A first...

Cruz Castro, Oscar

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Los Alamos-Argonne partnership will aid understanding of complex...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Partnership will aid understanding of complex materials Los Alamos-Argonne partnership will aid understanding of complex materials An intimate understanding of complex materials...

492

Liquefied Natural Gas: Understanding the Basic Facts | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Liquefied Natural Gas: Understanding the Basic Facts Liquefied Natural Gas: Understanding the Basic Facts Liquefied Natural Gas: Understanding the Basic Facts More Documents &...

493

Source Characteristics of Earthquakes, Explosions and Afterevents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......for earthquakes in the California-Nevada region, J. geophys. Res., 73...to shallow earthquakes at the same site. Extensive fault displacements near...from nuclear explosionsat the AEC Nevada Test Site (NTS), in comparison with earthquakes......

T. V. McEvilly; W. A. Peppin

1972-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Understanding Parton Distributions from Lattice QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I examine the past lattice QCD calculations of three representative observables, the transverse quark distribution, momentum fraction, and axial charge, and emphasize the prospects for not only quantitative comparison with experiment but also qualitative understanding of QCD.

Dru B. Renner

2005-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

495

[Institutional logo] GENERAL INTERNATIONAL MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, technology transfer, publication, curriculum development, joint projects and training. It is contemplated1 [Institutional logo] GENERAL INTERNATIONAL MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN BOARD OF REGENTS through the Education Abroad Office. The transfer of information, faculty, or staff for education

Powers, Robert

496

Understanding the mHealth Needs of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding the mHealth Needs of Kelly Caine1 Kay Connelly1 mHealth Needs of Patients in the mHealth space to help those suffering from depression · must consider human factors, perceived f

Connelly, Kay

497

NEW APPROACHES IN UNDERSTANDING DRUG METABOLISM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Limitations in technology, such as DNA sequencing and appropriate model systems, have made it difficult to understand the genetic and non-genetic factors that influence the liver's role in metabolizing drugs. New approaches ...

Hart, Steven N.

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

498

Workshop Reports Understanding Paleoclimate and Human Evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, involving research in anthropology, archaeology, human genetics and genomics, and the earth sciences resolved paleoenvironmental information. This concept is not new. Almost thirty years ago, the U.SWorkshop Reports Understanding Paleoclimate and Human Evolution Through the Hominin Sites

Reiners, Peter W.

499

CHAPTER 9: Conceptual Understanding I. OVERVIEW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

test data for each of the ten schools. Unless otherwise specified, the data presented in section II. In section II, I present results on students' understanding of Newton's laws of motion and force for each

Maryland at College Park, University of

500

GIS by ESRITM Understanding Map Projections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GIS by ESRITM Understanding Map Projections Melita Kennedy and Steve Kopp #12;Copyright © 19942000 in the European Community. ArcInfo, ArcGIS, GIS by ESRI, and the ESRI Press logo are trademarks of Environmental

Ahmad, Sajjad