Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Hardcopy Uncontrolled NOAA NESDIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interface Control Document IPT Integrated Product Team NESDIS National Environmental Satellite, DataHardcopy Uncontrolled NOAA NESDIS CENTER for SATELLITE APPLICATIONS and RESEARCH DOCUMENT GUIDELINE DG-9.2 TEST READINESS DOCUMENT GUIDELINE Version 3.0 #12;NOAA NESDIS STAR DOCUMENT GUIDELINE DG-9

Kuligowski, Bob

2

Author's personal copy Impacts of freeway traffic conditions on in-vehicle exposure to ultrafine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

particulate matter (Health Effects Institute, 2010). Traffic congestion, in particular, has been cited

Bertini, Robert L.

3

Meteorological Conditions Processing for Vision-based Traffic Monitoring Nicolas Hautire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the sensors. A vision-based traffic monitoring system is proposed to take fog and rain into account and react ac- cordingly. A background modeling approach, based on a mixture of gaussians, is used to separate the foreground from the background. Since fog is steady weather, the back- ground image is used to detect

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

4

Arterial-street signal timing strategies to provide additional through-traffic capacity during freeway incident conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the total number of stops for coordinated multiple phase traffic signal systems (Chang and Messer 1991, "Traffic Light" 1990). Modifications were made to the Akcelik and Miller formula to account for the platoon arrival patterns that result from arterial-street... the total number of stops for coordinated multiple phase traffic signal systems (Chang and Messer 1991, "Traffic Light" 1990). Modifications were made to the Akcelik and Miller formula to account for the platoon arrival patterns that result from arterial-street...

Dale, James Joseph

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

5

Lessons from Loscoe: the uncontrolled migration of landfill gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the uncontrolled migration of landfill gas G. M. Williams 1 N. Aitkenhead...Environment, 1989. The Control of Landfill Gas. HMSO, London. Doelle, H...1988. Trace constituents in landfill gas. Gas Research Institute. Frost...

G. M. Williams; N. Aitkenhead

6

Evaluation of traffic signal controller transition methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A coordinated signal system achieves the best traffic progression when the signal plans are optimized at the correct offsets and intervals. When traffic conditions change and a transition to a new timing plan is warranted, it is important to reach...

Hamilton, Curtis Lloyd

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Traffic culture human factors & traffic safety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traffic culture human factors & traffic safety by Dr.-Ing. Haraldur Sigþórsson and Dr.-Ing. Stefán) Culture, traffic culture and traffic safety culture are interrelated Culture www.hr.is 3 Traffic Culture Traffic safety culture What is culture? · A culture is a collection of behavioral patterns that are found

Karlsson, Brynjar

8

Role of the opioid system in the behavioral deficit observed after uncontrollable shock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to minimize shock exposure by maintaining a hindlimb in a flexed position. Preexposure to uncontrollable shock (shock independent of leg position) disrupts this learning. Activation of opioid receptors seems to contribute to the expression of the behavioral...

Washburn, Stephanie Nicole

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

9

Airborne Traffic Flow Data and Traffic Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Position and Time Registration Vehicle detection Vehicle tracking Scaling Road mask Source: Hickman: Treiterer Source: Treiterer and Taylor (1966) #12;atlas University of Arizona / ATLAS VEHICLE DETECTION on spatial characteristics of traffic patterns · Goal: Improve efficiency of transportation system

Bertini, Robert L.

10

Traffic Management Specialist  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The incumbent in this position will serve as a Traffic Management Specialist for BPAs Transmission Business Line (TBL) and oversee commercial transportation services for the movement of materials...

11

Traffic Safety Facts 2004  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

information on highway traffic safety, which can be accessed by Internet users at web site www.nhtsa.dot.govpeoplencsa, includes the following annual NCSA fact sheets:...

12

Balloon-borne air traffic management (ATM) as a precursor to space-based ATM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The International Space UniversityBalloon Air traffic control Technology Experiment (I-BATE11I-BATE: International Space UniversityBalloon Air traffic control Technology Experiment. ) has flown on board two stratospheric balloons and has tracked nearby aircraft by receiving their Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) transmissions. Air traffic worldwide is facing increasing congestion. It is predicted that daily European flight volumes will more than double by 2030 compared to 2009 volumes. ADS-B is an air traffic management system being used to mitigate air traffic congestion. Each aircraft is equipped with both a GPS receiver and an ADS-B transponder. The transponder transmits an equipped aircraft's unique identifier, position, heading, and velocity once per second. The ADS-B transmissions can then be received by ground stations for use in traditional air traffic management. Airspace not monitored by these ground stations or other traditional means remains uncontrolled and poorly monitored. A constellation of space-based ADS-B receivers could close these gaps and provide global air traffic monitoring. By flying an ADS-B receiver on a stratospheric balloon, I-BATE has served as a precursor to a constellation of ADS-B-equipped Earth-orbiting satellites. From the ?30km balloon altitude, I-BATE tracked aircraft ranging up to 850km. The experiment has served as a proof of concept for space-based air traffic management and supports a technology readiness level 6 of space-based ADS-B reception.

Yuval Brodsky; Richard Rieber; Tom Nordheim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Getting Traffic Lights Talking to Improve Topeka's Traffic Tunnel |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Getting Traffic Lights Talking to Improve Topeka's Traffic Tunnel Getting Traffic Lights Talking to Improve Topeka's Traffic Tunnel Getting Traffic Lights Talking to Improve Topeka's Traffic Tunnel October 8, 2010 - 11:16am Addthis Topeka is using Recovery Act funding to resynchronize 22 traffic lights. | Photo by Linda Voss Topeka is using Recovery Act funding to resynchronize 22 traffic lights. | Photo by Linda Voss Lindsay Gsell The five-lane 21st street corridor in Topeka is a hub for restaurants, shopping and entertainment. "This is where everyone in Topeka goes to shop," says Topeka resident Linda Voss. In addition to food and fun, the one-mile corridor is home to seven traffic lights-and for drivers, a potential traffic stop every 754 feet, or a little more than two football fields. "The traffic signals are a challenge to time in this area," says Voss,

14

Traffic of Molecular Motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Molecular motors perform active movements along cytoskeletal filaments and drive the traffic of organelles and other cargo particles in cells. In contrast to the macroscopic traffic of cars, however, the traffic of molecular motors is characterized by a finite walking distance (or run length) after which a motor unbinds from the filament along which it moves. Unbound motors perform Brownian motion in the surrounding aqueous solution until they rebind to a filament. We use variants of driven lattice gas models to describe the interplay of their active movements, the unbound diffusion, and the binding/unbinding dynamics. If the motor concentration is large, motor-motor interactions become important and lead to a variety of cooperative traffic phenomena such as traffic jams on the filaments, boundary-induced phase transitions, and spontaneous symmetry breaking in systems with two species of motors. If the filament is surrounded by a large reservoir of motors, the jam length, i.e., the extension of the traffic jams is of the order of the walking distance. Much longer jams can be found in confined geometries such as tube-like compartments.

Stefan Klumpp; Melanie J. I. Mller; Reinhard Lipowsky

2005-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

15

Lattice Boltzmann model for traffic flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mesoscopic models for traffic flows are usually difficult to be employed because of the appearance of integro-differential terms in the models. In this work, a lattice Boltzmann model for traffic flow is introduced on the basis of the existing kinetics models by using the Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook-type approximation interaction term in the Boltzmann equation and discretizing it in time and phase space. The so-obtained model is simple while the relevant parameters are physically meaningful. Together with its discrete feature, the model can be easily used to investigate numerically the behavior of traffic flows. In consequence, the macroscopic dynamics of the model is derived using the Taylor and Chapman-Enskog expansions. For validating the model, numerical simulations are conducted under the periodic boundary conditions. It is found that the model could reasonably reproduce the fundamental diagram. Moreover, certain interesting physical phenomena can be captured by the model, such as the metastability and stop-and-go phenomena.

Jianping Meng; Yuehong Qian; Xingli Li; Shiqiang Dai

2008-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

16

Traffic air quality index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Vehicle emissions are responsible for a considerable share of urban air pollution concentrations. The traffic air quality index (TAQI) is proposed as a useful tool for evaluating air quality near roadways. The TAQI associates air quality with the equivalent emission from traffic sources and with street structure (roadway structure) as anthropogenic factors. The paper presents a method of determining the TAQI and defines the degrees of harmfulness of emitted pollution. It proposes a classification specifying a potential threat to human health based on the TAQI value and shows an example of calculating the TAQI value for real urban streets. It also considers the role that car traffic plays in creating a local UHI.

Zbigniew Bagie?ski

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Communicating potential risks of uncontrolled site development at a Fusrap site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a particular risk communication challenge at the FUSRAP Maywood Superfund Site (the Site) in Maywood, New Jersey, USA. That challenge is communicating the potential human exposure risks of uncontrolled site development to landowners, tenants, private contractors and public works entities that may engage in construction activities at or adjacent to Site properties. This is of special concern because the Site does not have the authority to establish physical control over most of the properties where contamination is known or suspected to exist. Consequently, a range of communications techniques have been employed to alert property owners and others to the risks of uncontrolled site development. Each technique has its particular limitations, but collectively this multi-channel communication strategy has proved successful in delivering the risk message. (authors)

Roos, A.D. [U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, New York District, New York, NY (United States); Kollar, W. [Shaw Environmental, Inc., Maywood, NJ (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Reducing or stopping the uncontrolled flow of fluid such as oil from a well  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The uncontrolled flow of fluid from an oil or gas well may be reduced or stopped by injecting a composition including 2-cyanoacrylate ester monomer into the fluid stream. Injection of the monomer results in a rapid, perhaps instantaneous, polymerization of the monomer within the flow stream of the fluid. This polymerization results in formation of a solid plug that reduces or stops the flow of additional fluid from the well.

Hermes, Robert E

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

19

Research and Road Traffic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... been advocated for Great Britain within my knowledge, deserve other than the fervent opposition of pedestrians as well as motorists. They can do nothing for safety?they do not discover ... relate the number of road fatalities in a place to the amount of traffic flow (pedestrian and other) there. It would establish at an early moment the machinery for measuring ...

MERVYN O'GORMAN

1934-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Fermilab | Traffic Safety at Fermilab |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Photo of Street Sign: No Cell Phones While Driving Photo of Street Sign: No Cell Phones While Driving Remember: No on-site cell phone use while driving. Speed limits: Don't let warm weather give you a lead foot The roads are clear, the sun is bright, and the urge to drive a little faster is lurking in the back of our minds. We have our sunglasses on and are flexing our hands in our driving gloves. But before you hit the accelerator take five seconds and think. Remember that posted speeds on site take into consideration visibility, road width and conditions, traffic patterns and other safety factors. Double yellow lines and warning signs are posted to augment safety considerations in that area as well. Fermilab has adopted, as a minimum standard, portions of the State of Illinois Vehicle Code and the Rules of the Road. These are the same

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

On freeway traffic control by a lane closure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

closure from an operational point of view as well as how it appeared to the individual drivers. Research methods employed were traffic volume counts and "average" vehicle studies on critical lanes of the study sites. "Average" vehicle studies were...]ectives. PRESENT STATUS OF THE QUESTION. "On Freeways Control Parameters. Ramp Control. Candidate Systems. SELECTION OF STUDY SITE 4 5 9 10 12 Location. Geometric Configuration. Analysis of Traffic Conditions. Selection. METHOD OF STUDY. Procedures...

Henderson, Donald Manson

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

22

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

minutes except under the following conditions: uncontrollable traffic conditions or mechanical difficulties; operation of heating, cooling, safety or auxiliary equipment; outdoor...

23

Real-Time Traffic Maps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

d. (2007). Barcelona Traffic Map. Barcelona. 2007. Berendt,Spatial Thinking with Geographic Maps: An Empirical Study.Data on Choropleth Maps in Series." Annals of the

Goldsberry, Kirk Patrick

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Real-Time Traffic Information for Emergency Evacuations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are many instances in which it is possible to plan ahead for an emergency evacuation (e.g., a chemical processing facility explosion). For those cases, if an accident were to happen, then the best evacuation plan for the prevailing network and weather conditions would be deployed. In other cases (e.g., the derailment of a train transporting hazardous materials), there may not be any previously developed plan to be implemented, and decisions must be made ad-hoc on how to proceed with an emergency evacuation. In both situations, the availability of real-time traffic information plays a critical role in the management of the evacuation operations. Due to cost constraints, only large urban areas have traffic sensor deployments that permit access to some sort of real-time traffic information; an evacuation taking place in other areas of the country would have to proceed without real-time traffic information. In order to improve operations during a vehicular emergency evacuation anywhere, a system of sensors that uses newly developed real-time traffic-information-gathering technologies to assess traffic conditions and to detect incidents on the main evacuation routes is presented in this paper. A series of tests, both in a controlled environment and in the field, were conducted to study the feasibility of such a system of traffic sensors and to assess its ability to provide real-time traffic information during an emergency evacuation. The results of these tests indicated that the prototype sensors are reliable and accurate for the type of application that is the focus of this paper.

Franzese, Oscar [ORNL] [ORNL; Zhang, Li [Mississippi State University (MSU)] [Mississippi State University (MSU); Mahmoud, Anas M. [Mississippi State University (MSU)] [Mississippi State University (MSU)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Hanford Traffic Safety FAQs - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the safety pull outs are a place where the Benton County Sheriff and Hanford Patrol can conduct traffic safety operations or enhanced enforcement of traffic laws to increase...

26

Self-Control of Traffic Lights and Vehicle Flows in Urban Road Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on fluid-dynamic and many-particle (car-following) simulations of traffic flows in (urban) networks, we study the problem of coordinating incompatible traffic flows at intersections. Inspired by the observation of self-organized oscillations of pedestrian flows at bottlenecks [D. Helbing and P. Moln\\'ar, Phys. Eev. E 51 (1995) 4282--4286], we propose a self-organization approach to traffic light control. The problem can be treated as multi-agent problem with interactions between vehicles and traffic lights. Specifically, our approach assumes a priority-based control of traffic lights by the vehicle flows themselves, taking into account short-sighted anticipation of vehicle flows and platoons. The considered local interactions lead to emergent coordination patterns such as ``green waves'' and achieve an efficient, decentralized traffic light control. While the proposed self-control adapts flexibly to local flow conditions and often leads to non-cyclical switching patterns with changing service sequences ...

Lmmer, Stefan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Effect of the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801 on recovery from spinal cord injury in rats given uncontrollable stimulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, were given the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801 (0.08 mg/kg, i.p.) or its vehicle before receiving either a bout of uncontrollable stimulation or identical treatment without the stimulation itself. Their hindlimb motor activity was monitored for 21 days...

Petrich, Christine

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

28

Journal of Asian Electric Vehicles, Volume 9, Number 1, June 2011 Uncontrolled Generation of Traciton Motors in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Traciton Motors in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Xiaofeng Ding 1 , Jinglin Liu 2 , and Chris Mi 3 1 Department Generation of Traciton Motors in Hybrid Electric Vehicles 1460 2. SIMPLE ANALYTICAL MODEL OF UCG 2.1 ModelJournal of Asian Electric Vehicles, Volume 9, Number 1, June 2011 1459 Uncontrolled Generation

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

29

Mathematical simulation of street traffic in the presence of traffic lights  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One-dimensional traffic flow in the presence of two-position traffic lights is considered. A quasi-linear differential equation of the first order for traffic flow density is used as a model. The problem to be...

M. V. Lure

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Incorporating traffic patterns to improve delivery performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traffic, construction and other road hazards impact the on-time performance of companies that operate delivery fleets. This study examines how incorporating traffic patterns in vehicle route development compares with ...

Dickinson, Melody J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Seven Traffic Signals in Two Minutes  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Topeka, Kansas has activated the first of three key traffic corridors to receive a "green light tunnel," a real-time adaptive traffic signal system that synchronizes signals to create a series of...

32

Traffic tolerance and recovery of bermudagrass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fertility regimes. Research is needed to determine the influence of bermudagrass cultivar, mowing regime, and nitrogen fertility on traffic tolerance. Research conducted at Texas A&M Univeristy studied the traffic tolerance of Tifsport, GN-1, Princess...

Robinson, William Dustan

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

33

U-134: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets 4: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service U-134: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service March 27, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service PLATFORM: Versions prior to 3.0.4 and 3.1.3 ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Apache Traffic Server. A remote user can cause denial of service conditions. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026847 CVE-2012-0256 Secunia Advisory SA48509 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A remote user can send a request with a specially crafted 'Host' header value to trigger a heap allocation error and cause the target service to crash. Impact: A remote user can cause the target service to crash.

34

U-134: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

34: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets 34: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service U-134: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service March 27, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service PLATFORM: Versions prior to 3.0.4 and 3.1.3 ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Apache Traffic Server. A remote user can cause denial of service conditions. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026847 CVE-2012-0256 Secunia Advisory SA48509 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A remote user can send a request with a specially crafted 'Host' header value to trigger a heap allocation error and cause the target service to crash. Impact: A remote user can cause the target service to crash.

35

Integration of streaming and elastic traffic: a fixed point approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a fixed point approach to evaluate the quality of service of streaming traffic multiplexed with elastic traffic in multi-service networks. First, we handle elastic traffic and streaming traffic separately, and then we derive a general fixed ... Keywords: elastic traffic, fixed point, quality of service, streaming traffic

H. Hassan; O. Brun; J. M. Garcia; D. Gauchard

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Traffic Management System Performance November 11, 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traffic Management System Performance November 11, 2002 David Levinson1 Wei Chen2 Department uses regression analysis to evaluate long-run traffic management system performance. Three important traffic management systems in the Twin Cities metro area - Ramp Metering, Variable Message Signs (VMS

Levinson, David M.

37

Pressemitteilung Graduiertenkolleg Automatismen Media Transatlantic IV Traffic.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pressemitteilung Graduiertenkolleg Automatismen Media Transatlantic IV ­ Traffic. Internationale untersuchen anlässlich der Tagung Media Transatlantic IV ­ Traffic an der Universität Paderborn die verselbstständigende und somit zunehmend unkontrollierbare Strukturen entstehen. Media Transatlantic IV ­ Traffic ist

Paderborn, Universität

38

FAQS Qualification Card - Transportation and Traffic Management |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transportation and Traffic Management Transportation and Traffic Management FAQS Qualification Card - Transportation and Traffic Management A key element for the Department's Technical Qualification Programs is a set of common Functional Area Qualification Standards (FAQS) and associated Job Task Analyses (JTA). These standards are developed for various functional areas of responsibility in the Department, including oversight of safety management programs identified as hazard controls in Documented Safety Analyses (DSA). For each functional area, the FAQS identify the minimum technical competencies and supporting knowledge and skills for a typical qualified individual working in the area. FAQC-TransportationAndTrafficManagement.docx Description Transportation and Traffic Management Qualification Card

39

Emissions of Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins and Dibenzofurans and Polychlorinated Biphenyls from Uncontrolled Burning of Garden and Domestic Waste (Backyard Burning)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Straw and plastic (polyethylene) film used for wrapping silage were included, since burnings of these wastes on agricultural fields is considered to be one of the most common types of uncontrolled waste combustions in Sweden. ... To obtain fundamental information on dioxin emissions from an open burning 8 wastes which were likely amenable to be burnt wildly or suspected to generate high levels of dioxins were subjected to an open burning simulation in a special adapted furnace. ... designed to simulate waste generated by a "recycling" and a "nonrecycling" family in a 208-L (55-gal) burn barrel at the EPA's Open Burning Test Facility. ...

Bjrn Hedman; Morgan Nslund; Calle Nilsson; Stellan Marklund

2005-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

40

EECBG Success Story: Getting Traffic Lights Talking to Improve Topeka's Traffic Tunnel  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

To improve traffic and reduce emissions, Topeka, Kansas is implementing an "InSync" traffic system that resynchronizing lights to help reduce driving time, financed by an Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG). Learn more.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Bicycle traffic planning and design criteria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BICYCLE TRAFFIC PLANNING AND DESIGN CRITERIA A Thesis JHIRASAK VATHANA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1975 Major Subject...: Interdisciplinary Engineering BICYCLE TRAFFIC PLANNING AND DESIGN CRITER1A A Thesis DHIRASAK VATHANA Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Committee (Head of epartment) j 'j (Memb ) (Member) (Member) May l975 ABSTRACT Bicycle Traffic Planning...

Vathana, Jhirasak

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Mobile Traffic Management System Test Deployment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BERKELEY Mobile Traf?c Management System Test DeploymentHIGHWAYS MOBILE TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEM TEST DEPLOYMENTMobile Transportation Management System (MTMS). This new and

Gerfen, Jeffrey Brian

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

FAQS Reference Guide Transportation and Traffic Management  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the September 2002 edition of DOE-STD-1155-2002, Transportation and Traffic Functional Area Qualification Standard.

44

LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp November 30, 2010 - 10:19am Addthis Red. Yellow. Green. What LED traffic signals don't say: Made...

45

Microsoft Word - 4L_Traffic_DEIR.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

L-1 ESA / 201074 L-1 ESA / 201074 Public Circulation Draft January 22, 2007 IV.L. Transportation/Traffic IV.L.1 Introduction This chapter evaluates project impacts on transportation facilities and existing transportation operating conditions in the vicinity of the project area, including neighborhood traffic, vehicular circulation, parking, transit and shuttle services, and pedestrian and bicycle circulation. IV.L.2 Setting LBNL is located close to three major highways: Interstate 80/580 1 approximately three miles to the west, and State Routes (SR) 24 and 13, two miles to the south. Access from the Lab to I-80/580 is through the city of Berkeley via arterial roads. Access to SR 24 and SR 13 is via Tunnel Road. Grizzly Peak Boulevard, which runs through a largely undeveloped area, provides a

46

BLINC: Multilevel Traffic Classification in the Dark  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the dark" ­ No port numbers ­ No payload web streaming P2P #12;3 The problem of workload characterizationBLINC: Multilevel Traffic Classification in the Dark Thomas Karagiannis, UC Riverside Konstantina ­ Why in the dark? · Traffic profiling based on TCP/UDP ports ­ Misleading · Payload

Rajamani, Sriram K.

47

Rapid Model Parameterization from Traffic Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rapid Model Parameterization from Traffic Measurements KUN-CHAN LAN and JOHN HEIDEMANN USC Information Sciences Institute The utility of simulations and analysis heavily relies on good models. In this paper, we describe approaches and tools that support rapid parameterization of traffic models from live

Heidemann, John

48

A simulation model for urban traffic noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Urban traffic noise is studied by a simulation model whose main features are the following: effects of traffic lights speed limit possibility of vehicles overtaking and driving styles. In the model there is a basic assumption about drivers behavior (follow the leader) considering the case of straight and level road with two lanes for every carriageway and two traffic lights. Three driving styles are considered: A (quiet driver): change of gear at 60% of engine speed corresponding to maximum torque B (normal driver): at 80% C (fast driver): at 100%. The behavior rules provide for: keeping of safety distance overtaking if there are vehicles at different speeds deceleration and stop at traffic lights with red synchronization of two traffic lights if requested. From the kinematic side the model was validated by comparison with acceleration distribution of a real vehicles flow while the acoustic one was by the comparison with noise levels measured along urban streets. The simulation model lets one take into account the following factors concerning the traffic noise emission: main noise sources of vehicle (tires engine intake and exhaust system) traffic flow and maximum speed allowed traffic mix as regards different driving styles.

A. Di Giulio; F. Mancosu; C. Nucci; L. Zocchi

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Solutions for traffic lights intersections control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work aims to achieve a program that operates the traffic light of intersections with TwidoSoft programming language. The order of priority between traffic rules is implemented in machine specific language TwidoSoft. Keywords: PLC TWIDO, ladder, programming

Marius-Constantin Popescu; Constantin Ranea; Mircea Grigoriu

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Seven Traffic Signals in Two Minutes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Topeka, KS has activated the first of three key traffic corridors to receive a "green light tunnel," a real-time adaptive traffic signal system that synchronizes signals to create a series of green lights for motorists. The result is fewer stops, less travel time and -- most importantly -- a lot of saved gasoline.

None

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Online Vehicle Detection For Estimating Traffic Status  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a traffic congestion estimation system based on unsupervised on-line learning algorithm. The system does not rely on background extraction or motion detection. It extracts local features inside detection regions of variable size which are drawn on lanes in advance. The extracted features are then clustered into two classes using K-means and Gaussian Mixture Models(GMM). A Bayes classifier is used to detect vehicles according to the previous cluster information which keeps updated whenever system is running by on-line EM algorithm. Experimental result shows that our system can be adapted to various traffic scenes for estimating traffic status.

Lai, Ranch Y Q

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Active traffic management on road networks: a macroscopic approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Active traffic management on road networks: a macroscopic approach Alex A. Kurzhanskiy...and Computer Sciences, University...Active traffic management (ATM) is the...by National Science Foundation Award...Active traffic management on road networks: a macroscopic approach. | Active traffic...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Fermilab | Traffic Safety at Fermilab | Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resources Resources Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety: Pedestrian Safety Awareness for Families Pedestrian Safety at Crosswalks Pedestrian Safety @ Fermilab Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute Take the Share The Road Quiz DuPage County Bike Maps Kane County Bike Maps League of Illinois Bicyclists State of Illinois Regional Bike Maps Rules and regulations: Fermilab traffic rules (FESHM 9010) Fermilab Today article on traffic safety on site, March 1, 2010 Illinois Rules of the Road Illinois ban of cell phone use while driving in school and construction zones (Illinois House Bill 72, passed August 6, 2009): Traffic safety: Illinois traffic safety publications Studies on distracted driving and cell-phone use while driving: http://www.nsc.org/safety_road/Distracted_Driving/Pages/distracted_driving.aspx

54

Traffic Safety Culture Center for Transportation Safety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generally opposed to raising the state's gasoline tax to pay for new roads or to make the roads safer. The Texas Traffic Safety Culture Survey was conducted at ten driver license stations operated by the Texas

55

Review: constraint programming for air traffic management: A survey1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Air traffic management (ATM) under its current paradigm is reaching its structural limits considering the continuously growing demand. The need for a decrease in traffic workload opens numerous problems for optimization, from capacity balancing to conflict ...

Cyril Allignol; Nicolas Barnier; Pierre Flener; Justin Pearson

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Traffic Analysis Attacks and Defenses in Low Latency Anonymous Communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traffic Analysis Attacks and Defenses in Low Latency Anonymous Communication Sambuddho Chakravarty #12;ABSTRACT Traffic Analysis Attacks and Defenses in Low Latency Anonymous Communication Sambuddho the true network identity of com- municating parties against eavesdropping adversaries. Tor, acronym

Keromytis, Angelos D.

57

Fact #581: July 27, 2009 Fuel Wasted in Traffic Congestion  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The researchers at the Texas Transportation Institute have recently published new estimates of the effects of traffic congestion. Nearly 3 billion gallons of fuel is wasted each year due to traffic...

58

Green Wave Traffic Optimization A Survey Andreas Warberg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green Wave Traffic Optimization ­ A Survey Andreas Warberg Jesper Larsen Rene Munk Jørgensen)) show traffic has increased by 50% since the 80's and that cars and busses are responsible for more than

59

Cloud-Based Air Traffic Management Announcement | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Works to Bring Air Traffic Management Into "The Cloud" GE Works to Bring Air Traffic Management Into "The Cloud" A global leader in avionics and software development, the General...

60

Dynamic Traffic Assignment Incorporating Commuters Trip Chaining Behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DYNAMIC TRAFFIC ASSIGNMENT INCORPORATING COMMUTERS TRIP CHAINING BEHAVIOR A Thesis by WEN WANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2011 Major Subject: Civil Engineering Dynamic Traffic Assignment Incorporating Commuters Trip Chaining Behavior Copyright 2011 Wen Wang DYNAMIC TRAFFIC ASSIGNMENT...

Wang, Wen

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Rapid model parameterization from traffic measurements Kun-chan Lan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rapid model parameterization from traffic measurements Kun-chan Lan USC Information Sciences, 2002 Abstract The utility of simulations and analysis heavily relies on good models of network traffic describe approaches and tools that support rapid pa- rameterization of traffic models from live network mea

Heidemann, John

62

Identify and Visualize Differences in Traffic Data Zhonghua Xi*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identify and Visualize Differences in Traffic Data Zhonghua Xi* , Jyh-Ming Lien* , Yi-Chang Chiu visualization is developed to automatically search for events of interest using quantitative metrics, while also relies on traffic analysis. Traffic analysis can be approached as a problem of searching for trends

Lien, Jyh-Ming

63

VEHICLE EMISSIONS AND TRAFFIC MEASURES: EXPLORATORY ANALYSIS OF FIELD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VEHICLE EMISSIONS AND TRAFFIC MEASURES: EXPLORATORY ANALYSIS OF FIELD OBSERVATIONS AT SIGNALIZED between vehicle emissions and traffic control measures is an important step toward reducing the potential roadway design and traffic control, have the ability to reduce vehicle emissions. However, current vehicle

Frey, H. Christopher

64

How to Validate Traffic Generators? Sandor Molnar1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How to Validate Traffic Generators? S�andor Moln�ar1 , P�eter Megyesi High Speed Networks Lab: geza.szabo@ericsson.com Abstract--Network traffic generators are widely used in net- working research to validate these traffic generators and which metric to choose for validation purpose. This situation makes

Molnár, Sándor

65

Media Transatlantic IV Traffic March 29 31, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conference Media Transatlantic IV ­ Traffic March 29 ­ 31, 2012 University of Paderborn, Germany . d e / r t g - a u t o m a t i s m s Media Transatlantic IV ­ Traffic Graduiertenkolleg Automatismen;Conference Media Transatlantic IV ­ Traffic March 29 ­ 31, 2012 University of Paderborn, Germany Room B 3

Paderborn, Universität

66

Bicycle and pedestrian counting initiative monitors nonmotorized traffic in Minnesota  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bicycle and pedestrian counting initiative monitors nonmotorized traffic in Minnesota transitways of Transportation (MnDOT) to develop guidelines and analyze information collected in bicycle and pedestrian traffic methods for monitoring and assessing bicycle and pedestrian traffic that can be used in both permanent

Minnesota, University of

67

Tuning RED for Web Traffic* Mikkel Christiansen,**  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

139 Tuning RED for Web Traffic* Mikkel Christiansen,** Kevin Jeffay, David Ott, F. Donelson Smith http://www.cs.unc.edu/Research/dirt Abstract We study the effects of RED on the performance of Web -- response time for HTTP request-response pairs. We empirically evaluate RED across a range of parameter

Jeffay, Kevin

68

DEMAND SIMULATION FOR DYNAMIC TRAFFIC ASSIGNMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the response of travelers to real-time pre- trip information. The demand simulator is an extension of dynamicDEMAND SIMULATION FOR DYNAMIC TRAFFIC ASSIGNMENT Constantinos Antoniou, Moshe Ben-Akiva, Michel Bierlaire, and Rabi Mishalani Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 Abstract

Bierlaire, Michel

69

Performance Analysis of Isolated Intersection Traffic Signals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation analyzes two unsolved problems to fulfill the gap in the literature: (1). What is the vehicle delay and intersection capacity considering left-turn traffic at a pre-timed signal? (2). What are the mean and variance of delay...

Yin, Kai

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

TRAFFIC CONGESTION PRICING METHODS AND TECHNOLOGIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be differentiated by time of day, road type and vehicle characteristics, and even set in real time according for passenger and freight transportation. The European UNITE project estimated the costs of traffic congestion in the UK to be 15 billion/yr. or 1.5% of GDP (Nash et al., 2003). For France and Germany the estimates were

Boyer, Edmond

71

Does Daylight Savings Time Affect Traffic Accidents?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper studies the effect of changes in accident pattern due to Daylight Savings Time (DST). The extension of the DST in 2007 provides a natural experiment to determine whether the number of traffic accidents is affected by shifts in hours...

Deen, Sophia 1988-

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

72

LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp November 29, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis LED traffic lights are assembled at Dialight’s factory in Roxboro, N.C. The company has expanded production at the facility, adding more than 100 jobs over the past two years. | Photo Courtesy of Dialight LED traffic lights are assembled at Dialight's factory in Roxboro, N.C. The company has expanded production at the facility, adding more than 100 jobs over the past two years. | Photo Courtesy of Dialight Lindsay Gsell LED traffic lights are assembled at Dialight's factory in Roxboro, N.C. The company has expanded production at the facility, adding more than 100 jobs over the past two years. Red. Yellow. Green. What LED traffic signals don't say: Made in USA.

73

FPGA Based Real-time Network Traffic Analysis using Traffic Dispersion Patterns  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The problem of Network Traffic Classification (NTC) has attracted significant amount of interest in the research community, offering a wide range of solutions at various levels. The core challenge is in addressing high amounts of traffic diversity found in today's networks. The problem becomes more challenging if a quick detection is required as in the case of identifying malicious network behavior or new applications like peer-to-peer traffic that have potential to quickly throttle the network bandwidth or cause significant damage. Recently, Traffic Dispersion Graphs (TDGs) have been introduced as a viable candidate for NTC. The TDGs work by forming a network wide communication graphs that embed characteristic patterns of underlying network applications. However, these patterns need to be quickly evaluated for mounting real-time response against them. This paper addresses these concerns and presents a novel solution for real-time analysis of Traffic Dispersion Metrics (TDMs) in the TDGs. We evaluate the dispersion metrics of interest and present a dedicated solution on an FPGA for their analysis. We also present analytical measures and empirically evaluate operating effectiveness of our design. The mapped design on Virtex-5 device can process 7.4 million packets/second for a TDG comprising of 10k flows at very high accuracies of over 96%.

Khan, F; Gokhale, M; Chuah, C N

2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

74

FAA Air Traffic Organization Safety Management | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

FAA Air Traffic Organization Safety Management FAA Air Traffic Organization Safety Management FAA Air Traffic Organization Safety Management September 20, 2012 Presenter: Mark DeNicuolo, Manager Performance and Analyses Air Traffic Organization Safety and Technical Training Federal Aviation Administration Topics Covered: En Route centers handle 40.5 million aircraft per year FAA/contract towers handle: - 51.2 million airport operations - 39 million instrument operations 732 million passenger enplanements Over 5,000 civil, public-use airports Approximately 33,300 ATO employees - More than 15,000 air traffic controllers - More than 7,000 technicians and engineers 21 ARTCCs, 513 ATCTs, 17 FSSs, 3 AFSSs FAA Air Traffic Organization Safety Management More Documents & Publications FAQS Reference Guide - Aviation Manager

75

Florida County Seeks to Reduce Emissions and Improve Traffic | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Florida County Seeks to Reduce Emissions and Improve Traffic Florida County Seeks to Reduce Emissions and Improve Traffic Florida County Seeks to Reduce Emissions and Improve Traffic September 27, 2010 - 10:30am Addthis A worker synchronizes a traffic light on State Road A1A in St. Augustine, FL. | Energy Department Photo | A worker synchronizes a traffic light on State Road A1A in St. Augustine, FL. | Energy Department Photo | Lindsay Gsell What does this project do? St. Johns County, Florida uses Recovery Act funding to resynchronize 23 traffic signals at five major segments of roadway. The new light patterns will save nearly 729,000 gallons of gas and reduce CO2 emissions by more than 2,200 metric tons. The intersection of State Road A1A and State Road 312 in St. Augustine is messy at 5 o'clock. On one side, tourists returning from Florida's

76

Evaluation of teenage driver understanding of traffic control devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . Signals Continually Misunderstood Traffic Control Devices . . Before and After Results 52 54 55 55 57 . 60 . . 65 . 72 81 81 . 83 . 84 . . 85 . . 87 TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued) CHAPTER Page V CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS, , . . 88... Misunderstood from 1978 TTI Study 12 4 Traffic Control Devices Needing Improvements from 1981 TTI Study . . . . . . 13 5 Targeted Traffic Control Devices from 1990 TTI Study . . 6 Basic Shapes and Colors Included in the Final Survey . . . 7 Regulatory Signs...

Ford, Garry Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

77

Optimization Online - Ship Traffic Optimization for the Kiel Canal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 1, 2014 ... ... optimization problem which we call the ship traffic control problem (STCP). ... We offer a unified view of routing and scheduling which blends...

Elisabeth Lbbecke

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Texas Safe Communities Texans Discovering Traffic Safety Solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/ Posters Concentrating on Driving Poster Minnesota Network of Employers for Traffic Safety www in America through education, research, and grassroots activism. www.crashprevention.org Drive Now, Talk

79

Energy-efficiency of Drop-and-Continue Traffic Grooming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper evaluates the energy-saving achievable by performing traffic grooming in WDM networks with drop-and-continue node architecture. Different grooming strategies are compared in...

Farahmand, Farid; Cerutti, Isabella; Hasan, Mohammad M; Jue, Jason P

80

Energy Efficient Grooming of Scheduled Sub-wavelength Traffic Demands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate how awareness of demand holding times can be exploited for energy efficient traffic grooming in optical networks. We present an optimal formulation for minimizing the...

Chen, Ying; Jaekel, Arunita

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Decision Fusion of Hyperspectral and SAR data for Trafficability Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decision Fusion of Hyperspectral and SAR data for Trafficability Assessment Capt. Pierre Chouinard assessment. To perform the assessment, different types of classification on the two data sets were performed of using both HSI and SAR data in trafficability assessment. Keywords-component; Decision Fusion

Kerekes, John

82

Deriving traffic demands for operational IP networks: methodology and experience  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Engineering a large IP backbone network without an accurate network-wide view of the traffic demands is challenging. Shifts in user behavior, changes in routing policies, and failures of network elements can result in significant (and sudden) fluctuations ... Keywords: Internet, measurement, routing, traffic engineering

Anja Feldmann; Albert Greenberg; Carsten Lund; Nick Reingold; Jennifer Rexford; Fred True

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Visualising Internet Traffic Data with Three-Dimensional Spherical Display  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

successful in this respect has proven to give good predictions about structural features of the InternetVisualising Internet Traffic Data with Three-Dimensional Spherical Display Ben Yip1 , Shea Goyette1 of visualising internet traffic data using the underlying spherical nature of the globe. The method uses data

Hong,Seokhee

84

Analysis of Elephant Users in Broadband Network Traffic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of Elephant Users in Broadband Network Traffic P´eter Megyesi and S´andor Moln´ar High,molnar}@tmit.bme.hu Abstract. Elephant and mice phenomena of network traffic flows have been an interesting research area is caused by a small percentage of large flows, called the elephants. In this paper, we investigate the same

Molnár, Sándor

85

Visual traffic surveillance framework: classification to event detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

effective. Traffic surveil- lance systems with the ability to detect, count, and classify vehicles can systems. However, vehicle classification poses a difficult problem as vehicles have high intra- class into a unified traffic surveillance system for on- line classification of vehicles, which uses tracking results

Nicolescu, Mircea

86

User-driven dynamic traffic prioritization for home networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Network contention in a multi-user home setting can degrade performance for all participants. To maximize user experience, we propose that traffic be prioritized based on the specific activity of the user: the more a user interacts with an application ... Keywords: home networks, prioritization, quality of service, traffic shaping

Jake Martin; Nick Feamster

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Road traffic noise mapping in Guangzhou using GIS and GPS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The primary objective of this study is to develop day and night road traffic noise maps for Guangzhou using Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and Global Positioning Systems (GPS). First, as speed-density relation is used to estimate the traffic volume from GPS data collected from floating cars. Meanwhile, the attributes of the roads and buildings are automatically exported from GIS. Second, a single vehicle noise emission model is combined with a noise propagation model to formulate a regional traffic noise calculation model that accounts for the traffic noise attenuation in an urban area. The algorithm is optimized by intelligently dividing the computational grids, filtering the traffic noise sources automatically and performing a quick index of the estimation objects. Finally, the day and night road traffic noise levels in Guangzhou are estimated to create two traffic noise maps. The accuracy of the developed algorithm is validated by conducting a traffic noise monitoring experiment in several districts of Guangzhou with different road types. The results show that the average error between the estimated and measured values is below 2.0dB.

Ming Cai; Jingfang Zou; Jiemin Xie; Xialin Ma

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

LED traffic signals: A market transformation opportunity assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report examines the feasibility and appropriateness of market intervention strategies to increase the penetration of LED traffic signals, which offer large energy savings and other benefits relative to existing incandescent traffic signals. It presents the state of the technology and some of the technical challenges that remain. Prepared for the Consortium for Energy Efficiency.

Suozzo, M.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

89

A traffic shaping optimization methodology for web systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years, computer networks have been characterized by heterogeneous traffic and dynamic management of different kinds of services. The web and network requirements have increased within time and, since bandwidth is limited, it becomes necessary ... Keywords: QoS, internet services, optimization, traffic shaping, world wide web

Caio Mesquita; Ulisses Cavalca; Adriano C.M. Pereira; Eduardo G. Carrano

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Traffic flow models and service rules for complex production systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traffic flow models and service rules for complex production systems C. Ringhofer Abstract We emphasis is given to the implementation of service rules for complex systems, involving multiple product flow type models for complex production systems. Traffic flow models represent, in some sense

Ringhofer, Christian

91

E-Print Network 3.0 - air traffic flow Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

flow Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Visualization of Air Traffic Flow for Modeling and Control Applications Banavar Sridhar and Kapil Sheth Summary: Visualization of Air Traffic...

92

Genetic fuzzy logic approach to local ramp metering control using microscopic traffic simulation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Ramp metering, one of the most effective solutions for improving motorway traffic flows, is playing increasingly important role in traffic management systems. Because of its (more)

Yu, Xue Feng

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual average daily traffic Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Systems 2000. Annual Average Daily Truck Traffic on the California State... Lockout and Non-Lockout Weekdays Average Daily Traffic Volume (vehday) All Cars Trucks ......

94

E-Print Network 3.0 - average daily traffic Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Systems 2000. Annual Average Daily Truck Traffic on the California State... Lockout and Non-Lockout Weekdays Average Daily Traffic Volume (vehday) All Cars Trucks...

95

Traffic Loss-Based Lightpath Reconfiguration in the Smart Grid Communication Network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to reduce traffic loss during the lightpath reconfiguration process in the Smart Grid communication network, an Accumulative Traffic Loss (ATL) algorithm is proposed and...

Wang, Hongchuan; Guo, Wei; Hu, Weisheng

96

Ohio Town Installing 'Green' Traffic Signals | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ohio Town Installing 'Green' Traffic Signals Ohio Town Installing 'Green' Traffic Signals Ohio Town Installing 'Green' Traffic Signals January 20, 2010 - 3:57pm Addthis Elyria, Ohio, is getting a little greener. Mayor William M. Grace recently confirmed that staff will replace traditional traffic lights with 288 energy-efficient LEDs (light-emitting diodes), saving the town energy and money. "We are definitely doing this, we are going to switch out all the traffic lights in town," Elyria's mayor says. Replacing light bulbs with LEDs will mean substantial savings. That's because these small, solid bulbs can last up to 10 times longer than traditional lights and require considerably less energy. "This gives us the opportunity to change, we expect to realize considerable savings," the mayor says.

97

Self-organizing traffic lights at multiple-street intersections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Summary: Traffic light coordination is a complex problem. In this paper, we extend previous work on an abstract model of city traffic to allow for multiple street intersections. We test a self-organizing method in our model, showing that it is close to theoretical optima and superior to a traditional method of traffic light coordination. Abstract: The elementary cellular automaton following rule 184 can mimic particles flowing in one direction at a constant speed. This automaton can therefore model highway traffic. In a recent paper, we have incorporated intersections regulated by traffic lights to this model using exclusively elementary cellular automata. In such a paper, however, we only explored a rectangular grid. We now extend our model to more complex scenarios employing an hexagonal grid. This extension shows first that our model can readily incorporate multiple-way intersections and hence simulate complex scenarios. In addition, the current extension allows us to study and evaluate the behavior of two...

Gershenson, Carlos

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Solving the Traffic and Flitter Challenges with Tulip Award Traffic Mini Challenge: Innovative Visualization and Excellent Description  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solving the Traffic and Flitter Challenges with Tulip Award Traffic Mini Challenge: Innovative Visualization and Excellent Description Award Flitter Mini Challenge: Representation of Uncertainty in Rules, while the vertical axis encodes the employee ID and IP address. The horizontal lines in the grid group

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

99

Air Conditioning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Air Conditioning ... CHEMISTS and engineers use air conditioning as a valuable tool in more than two hundred industries. ... Air conditioning is a tool with many facets. ...

MARGARET INGELS

1938-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

100

Respiratory hospitalizations of children and residential exposure to traffic air pollution in Jerusalem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although exposure to traffic-related air pollution has been reported to be associated with respiratory morbidity in children, this association has not been examined in Israel. Jerusalem is ranked among the leading Israeli cities in transport-related air pollution. This casecontrol study examined whether pediatric hospitalization for respiratory diseases in Jerusalem is related to residential exposure to traffic-related air pollution. Cases (n=4844) were Jerusalem residents aged 014 years hospitalized for respiratory illnesses between 2000 and 2006. These were compared to children admitted electively (n=2161) or urgently (n=3085) for non-respiratory conditions. Individual measures of exposure included distance from residence to nearest main road, the total length of main roads, traffic volume, and bus load within buffers of 50, 150, and 300m around each address. Cases were more likely to have any diesel buses passing within 50m of their home (adjusted odds ratios=1.16 and 1.10, 95% confidence intervals 1.041.30 and 1.011.20 for elective and emergency controls, respectively). Our findings indicated that older girls (514) and younger boys (04) had increased risks of respiratory hospitalization, albeit with generally widened confidence intervals due to small sample sizes. Our results add to the limited body of evidence regarding associations between diesel exhaust particles and respiratory morbidity. The findings also point to possible differential associations between traffic-related air pollution and pediatric hospitalization among boys and girls in different age groups.

Ronit Nirel; Michal Schiff; Ora Paltiel

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Using Vehicular Networks to Collect Common Traffic Data Mohammad Hadi Arbabi and Michele C. Weigle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that with 100% penetration rate, our methods can collect precise traffic data and that even with low penetration rates or low density traffic, we can collect high quality estimates of travel times, time mean speeds. A TO can also report good estimates of traffic data in low penetration or low density traffic situations. 2

Weigle, Michele

102

E-Print Network 3.0 - air traffic emission Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

emission Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air traffic emission...

103

Responding to the Unexpected: Traffic Research in the Wake of Bridge Collapseg p  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;T ffi R h Q tiTraffic Research Questions · Natural Experimentation Site · Bridge Collapse / ReopenResponding to the Unexpected: Traffic Research in the Wake of Bridge Collapseg p Henry Liu, Ph of the Mississippi River Bridge Collapse #12;Freeway Traffic VolumeFreeway Traffic Volume #12;Congestion Impacts

Levinson, David M.

104

Calibrating Steady-State Traffic Stream and Car-Following Models Using Loop Detector Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The research reported in this paper develops a heuristic automated tool (SPD_CAL) for calibrating steady-state traffic stream and car-following models using loop detector data. The performance of the automated procedure is then compared to off-the-shelf ... Keywords: calibration of traffic simulation software, car-following models, traffic modeling, traffic stream models

Hesham Rakha; Mazen Arafeh

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

The impact of gasoline price changes on traffic safety: a time geography explanation Guangqing Chi a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The impact of gasoline price changes on traffic safety: a time geography explanation Guangqing Chi, United States a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Time geography Gasoline prices Traffic safety Traffic crashes Fatal crashes Space­time path a b s t r a c t The impact of gasoline price changes on traffic

Levinson, David M.

106

Visualization of Traffic Flow and Atmospheric Pollutant Flow in Urban Areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and air pollutants using polygons and translucent particles. The system is applied for public roads around.transport.iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp CCity modelity model Air pollutionAir pollution simsim.. TrafficTraffic simsim.. CCity modelity model Air pollutionAir pollution simsim.. TrafficTraffic simsim.. #12;

Tokyo, University of

107

LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp November 30, 2010 - 10:19am Addthis Red. Yellow. Green. What LED traffic signals don't say: Made in USA. That is changing. Dialight Corporation, an LED lighting manufacturer with U.S. corporate offices in Farmingdale, New Jersey, and a parent company based in the U.K., invested nearly $3 million into renovating their 75,000-square-foot production facility in Roxboro, North Carolina. With these improvements, Dialight's Roxboro plant is projected to scale up production by 400 percent. "Bringing manufacturing back to America is a win-win scenario," said Roy Burton, Dialight's Group Chief Executive. "We're helping the economy by creating new jobs, and at the same time we're finding it more

108

TRANSPORTATION AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transportation Transportation & Traffic Management Qualification Standard Reference Guide APRIL 2010 This page is intentionally blank. i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

109

Impact of Traffic-Related Air Pollution on Health  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Road transport contributes significantly to air quality problems through vehicle emissions, which have ... was to assess the impact of traffic-related air pollution on health of Warsaw citizens, following the...1...

J. Jakubiak-Lasocka; J. Lasocki; R. Siekmeier; Z. Ch?opek

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Deriving traffic demands for operational IP networks: methodology and experience  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Engineering a large IP backbone network without an accurate, network-wide view of the traffic demands is challenging. Shifts in user behavior, changes in routing policies, and failures of network elements can result in significant (and sudden) fluctuations ...

Anja Feldmann; Albert Greenberg; Carsten Lund; Nick Reingold; Jennifer Rexford; Fred True

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Intelligent Cruise Control design based on a traffic flow specification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The principal objectives of the Automated Highway graphics. System (AHS), an Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) technology, are to increase the safety and through-put of the existing highway by traffic automation. Advanced Vehicle Control...

Huandra, Rusli

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

112

Distributed Air Traffic Control : A Human Safety Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The issues in air traffic control have so far been addressed with the intent to improve resource utilization and achieve an optimized solution with respect to fuel comsumption of aircrafts, efficient usage of the available airspace with minimal congestion related losses under various dynamic constraints. So the focus has almost always been more on smarter management of traffic to increase profits while human safety, though achieved in the process, we believe, has remained less seriously attended. This has become all the more important given that we have overburdened and overstressed air traffic controllers managing hundreds of airports and thousands of aircrafts per day. We propose a multiagent system based distributed approach to handle air traffic ensuring complete human (passenger) safety without removing any humans (ground controllers) from the loop thereby also retaining the earlier advantages in the new solution. The detailed design of the agent system, which will be easily interfacable with the existin...

Nikumbh, Sarvesh; Vartak, Rahul

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Structural and safety characteristics and warrants for highway traffic barriers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ross Highway traffic barriers are highway appurtenances that provide vehicle occupants with a relative degree of protection from roadside hazards and from errant vehicles encroaching across a median. The six basic types of traffic barr1ers are roads... are decision criteria that 1dentify sites along highways that need traff1c barrier installations. Structural and safety character- istics of the barr1ers refer to the impact performance, the structural integrity, and the safety of the vehicle occupants upon...

Kohutek, Terry Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

114

Strategies for improving traffic operations at oversaturated signalized diamond interchanges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

street improvement goals should include improved traffic flow along with reductions in congestion, air pollution, and energy use, without major new construction. Super-street arterials, which are multi-lane arterials with limited access and a limited...STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING TRAFFIC OPERATIONS AT OVERSATURATED SIGNALIZED DIAMOND INTERCHANGES A Thesis by GEORGE CURTIS HERRICK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

Herrick, George Curtis

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

LED traffic lights: New technology signals major energy savings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using light-emitting diode technology to replace incandescent lamps in traffic signals promises energy savings upwards of 60 percent for each of the estimated quarter of a million controlled intersections in the United States. LED units use only 9 to 25 watts instead of the 67 to 150 watts used by each incandescent lamp. Though their first cost is relatively high, energy savings result in paybacks of 1 to 5 years. LED retrofit kits are available for red signal disks and arrows, and installations in several states have proven successful, although minor improvements are addressing concerns about varying light output and controller circuitry. Retrofitting green lamps is not yet feasible, because color standards of the Institute of Traffic Engineers cannot be met with existing LED technology. Yellow lamps have such low duty factors (they`re on only 3 percent of the time) that retrofitting with LED signals is not cost-effective. LEDs last much longer than incandescents, allowing municipalities to not only reduce their electricity bills, but to save on maintenance costs as well. As further incentive, some utilities are beginning to implement rebate programs for LED traffic signal retrofits. Full approval of LED units is still awaited from the Institute of Traffic Engineers (ITE), the standard-setting body for traffic safety devices. Local and state governments ultimately decide what specifications to require for traffic lights, and the growing body of successful field experience with LEDs appears to be raising their comfort level with the technology. The California Department of Transportation is developing an LED traffic light specification, and two California utilities, Southern California Edison and Pacific Gas and Electric, have provided rebates for some pilot installations.

Houghton, D.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

116

Microtubule length dependence of motor traffic in cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In living cells, motor proteins, such as kinesin and dynein can move processively along microtubule (MT), and also detach from or attach to MT stochastically. Experiments have found that, the traffic of motor might be jammed, and various theoretical models have been designed to understand this traffic jam phenomenon. But previous studies mainly focus on motor attachment/detachment rate dependent properties. Recent experiment of Leduc {\\it et al.} found that the traffic jam formation of motor protein kinesin depends also on the length of MT [Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. {\\bf 109}, 6100-6105 (2012)]. In this study, the MT length dependent properties of motor traffic will be analyzed. We found that MT length has one {\\it critical value} $N_c$, traffic jam occurs only when MT length $N>N_c$. The jammed length of MT increases with total MT length, while the non-jammed MT length might not change monotonically with the total MT length. The critical value $N_c$ increases with motor detachment rate from MT, but decreases with motor attachment rate to MT.

Yunxin Zhang

2012-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

117

Initial Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Before we can run a transient analysis, we must find the appropriate set of initial conditions for the variables. The most important requirement of initial conditions is that they do not contradict any of the ...

Michael Tiller Ph.D.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Laboratory to change vehicle traffic-screening regimen at vehicle  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Changes to vehicle traffic-screening Changes to vehicle traffic-screening Laboratory to change vehicle traffic-screening regimen at vehicle inspection station Lanes two through five will be open 24 hours a day and won't be staffed by a Laboratory protective force officer. September 1, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

119

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Single Vehicle Crashes : District  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

District District of Columbia (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Single Vehicle Crashes : District of Columbia (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet

120

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding : Iowa  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Iowa Iowa (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding : Iowa (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck :  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Indiana (2007-2009) Indiana (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck : Indiana (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness

122

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck :  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Idaho (2007-2009) Idaho (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck : Idaho (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet

123

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding :  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Kansas (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding : Kansas (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet

124

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding : Maine  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Maine Maine (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding : Maine (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet

125

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding :  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Illinois (2007-2009) Illinois (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding : Illinois (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet

126

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck :  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hawaii (2007-2009) Hawaii (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck : Hawaii (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet

127

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck :  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Delaware (2007-2009) Delaware (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck : Delaware (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness

128

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding :  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hawaii (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding : Hawaii (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet

129

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck :  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

District of Columbia (2007-2009) District of Columbia (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck : District of Columbia (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility

130

E-Print Network 3.0 - air traffic services Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Logic for Miles-In-Trail Summary: This paper presents an algorithm which can be used for scheduling arrival air traffic in an Air Route Traffic... (FAA) is in the midst of...

131

E-Print Network 3.0 - air traffic control Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air traffic control Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Visualization of Air Traffic Flow for Modeling and...

132

The integration of Automatic Speech Recognition into the Air Traffic Control system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Today, the Air Traffic Control (ATC) system relies primarily on verbal communication between the air traffic controllers and the pilots of the aircraft in the controlled airspace. Although a computer system exists that ...

Karlsson Joakim

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced air traffic Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

air traffic Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Advances in Adaptive Data Analysis Vol. 2, No. 1 (2010) 8196 Summary: FORECASTING THE AIR TRAFFIC FOR NORTH-EAST INDIAN CITIES C....

134

An investigation into the use of highway traffic signals at highway-railroad grade crossings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of highway traffic signals at railhighway crossings offer any safety benefits over the use of conventional active traffic control devices. Fatal accident records obtained from the Fatal Accident Reporting System (FARS) were used in this analysis. The driver...

Frieslaar, Andre Henry

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

135

E-Print Network 3.0 - air traffic Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pollutant Flow in Urban Areas Summary: .transport.iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp CCity modelity model Air pollutionAir pollution simsim.. TrafficTraffic simsim.. CCity modelity model... Air...

136

Simultaneous calibration of a microscopic traffic simulation model and OD matrix  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the recent widespread deployment of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) in North America there is an abundance of data on traffic systems and thus an opportunity to use these data in the calibration of microscopic traffic simulation models...

Kim, Seung-Jun

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

137

A Microscopic Traffic Simulation Model for Transportation Planning in Georgios Papageorgiou, Pantelis Damianou, Andreas Pitsilides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Microscopic Traffic Simulation Model for Transportation Planning in Cyprus Georgios Papageorgiou. This paper presents the microscopic simulation model development of a major traffic network of Nicosia simulation model is developed and utilized for transportation planning. 1. Introduction The demand

Pitsillides, Andreas

138

Experience in Measuring Backbone Traffic Variability: Models, Metrics, Measurements and Meaning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was specifically motivated by the question: to what extent does traffic variability justify the M. Roughen, A

Fisher, Kathleen

139

ION GNSS 2004, Sept. 21-24, Long Beach, CA Automated Traffic Incident Detection with GPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) and in-vehicle telematics systems. ABSTRACT Traffic congestion can. Traffic Incident Detection Systems (IDS) use a variety of technologies to detect incidents so system for traffic incident detection. The system performance analysis was conducted using a combination

Calgary, University of

140

Gasoline price effects on traffic safety in urban and rural areas: Evidence from Minnesota, 19982007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gasoline price effects on traffic safety in urban and rural areas: Evidence from Minnesota, 1998 February 2012 Received in revised form 3 May 2013 Accepted 24 May 2013 Keywords: Gasoline prices Traffic examines the role of gasoline prices in the occurrence of traffic crashes. However, no studies have

Levinson, David M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Coupling traffic models on networks and urban dispersion models for simulating sustainable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

models for modeling and testing different traffic scenarios, in order to define the impact on air quality it with the urban dispersion model Sirane. Keywords: urban air quality, macroscopic traffic models, road networks, pollutant dispersion models, traffic emissions control. AMS subject classification: 35L65, 35L67, 60K30, 90B

Ceragioli, Francesca

142

Engaging Edge Networks in Preventing and Mitigating Undesirable Network Traffic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction The current Internet has few effective mechanisms to prevent a user from flooding network traffic available to well-behaved users, thus pos- ing a significant threat to the Internet's viability (see IAB. In our view, edge networks are in the best position to control hosts who abuse the trust because

Wang, Lan

143

Suppressing Bot Traffic with Accurate Human Attestation Muhammad Jamshed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

un- wanted bot traffic in the Internet. With a proof of human existence attached to the message significantly reduce bot-generated abuse such as spamming, password cracking or even distributed denial- of permeated into our daily Internet life. Despite decade-long efforts, the volumes of email, blog, and instant

Park, KyoungSoo

144

Caution, drivers! Children present. Traffic, pollution, and infant health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

air pollution levels on infant health? Our setting is California (with a focus on the Central ValleyCaution, drivers! Children present. Traffic, pollution, and infant health Christopher R. Knittel driving (and especially congestion) on ambient air pollution levels; and (2) what is the impact of modern

Rothman, Daniel

145

Measuring Bicyclists' Uptake of Traffic-Related Air Pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

doses 4.Health effects 4Urban Bicyclists' Pollution Uptake #12;Bicyclists' Exposure to Air Pollution 5Measuring Bicyclists' Uptake of Traffic-Related Air Pollution Alex Bigazzi PSU Transportation Uptake 1 #12;Bicycle & Health Promotion Public Health Exercise CrashesPollution Emissions Exposure/ Dose

Bertini, Robert L.

146

NASA/TM2012-217585 Air Traffic Management Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

July 2012 NASA/TM­2012-217585 Air Traffic Management Technology Demonstration-1 Concept Scardina and Michael Greene Crown Consulting, Arlington, Virginia #12;NASA STI Program . . . in Profile Since its founding, NASA has been dedicated to the advancement of aeronautics and space science

147

Themis: A Participatory Navigation System for Balanced Traffic Routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

penetration rates based on real data. Experiments using data from 26,000 taxis demonstrate that Themis reduces both traffic congestions and average travel time at various penetration rates as low as 7%. I of dedicated navigation devices [4], the penetration rate of dynamic navigation users is now considerable

Borcea, Cristian

148

Incentive-based Caching Mechanisms for Overlay Traffic Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Business Burkhard Stiller, Professor, Department of Informatics, University of Zurich Examination Committee Pussep, Robert Wojcik, Jerzy Domzal, Dirk Staehle, Frank Lehrieder, Burkhard Stiller, Assessment. Papafili, P. Racz, S. Soursos, D. Staehle, G. D. Stamoulis, P. Tran-Gia, B. Stiller, An Economic Traffic

Chatziantoniou, Damianos

149

TRAFFIC LIGHT CONTROL IN AN AVENUE Ezio Marchi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In this short paper we solve in general the problem of synchronization of lights in a street or avenue of havingTRAFFIC LIGHT CONTROL IN AN AVENUE By Ezio Marchi IMA Preprint Series # 2224 ( October 2008 ) INSTITUTE FOR MATHEMATICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA 400 Lind Hall 207 Church Street S

150

Reducing Cache Traffic and Energy with Macro Data Load  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reducing Cache Traffic and Energy with Macro Data Load Lei Jin Sangyeun Cho Department of Computer data load, an efficient mechanism to enhance loaded value reuse. A macro data load brings (MVRT) shows the significantly increased reuse opportunities provided by macro data load. We also

Cho, Sangyeun

151

Estimating Emissions in Latin America: An Alternative to Traffic Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimating Emissions in Latin America: An Alternative to Traffic Models Margarita Ossés de Eicker; Hans Hurni, Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), University of Bern, Switzerland Emissions allow precise estimations of these emissions but are too expensive for a broad application. A simplifed

Richner, Heinz

152

Author's personal copy Gasoline prices and traffic safety in Mississippi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Drive SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 9-grade unleaded gasoline price data from the Energy Information Administration of the U.S. Department of EnergyAuthor's personal copy Gasoline prices and traffic safety in Mississippi Guangqing Chi a, , Arthur

Levinson, David M.

153

Energy-Aware Traffic Engineering Nedeljko Vasic and Dejan Kostic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Communication Sciences, EPFL, Switzerland firstname.lastname@epfl.ch ABSTRACT Energy consumption of the Internet presents Energy-Aware Traffic engineer- ing (EATe), a technique that takes energy consumption into account effect of reduced energy consumption is reduced carbon diox- ide emissions. Cheaper operating costs

Diggavi, Suhas

154

City of Phildelphia: Light emitting diodes for traffic signal displays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project investigated the feasibility of using light emitting diodes (LEDs) for red traffic signals in a demonstration program at 27 signalized intersections in the City of Philadelphia. LED traffic signals have the potential to achieve significant savings over standard incandescent signals in terms of energy usage and costs, signal relamping costs, signal system maintenance costs, tort liability, and environmental impact. Based on successful experience with the demonstration program, the City of Philadelphia is currently developing funding for the conversion of all existing red incandescent traffic signals at approximately 2,700 intersections to LED signals. This program is expected to cost approximately $4.0 million and save about $850,000 annually in energy costs. During late 1993 and early 1994, 212 red LED traffic signals (134 8-inch signals and 78 12-inch signals) were installed at 27 intersections in Philadelphia. The first group of 93 signals were installed at 13 prototypical intersections throughout the City. The remaining group of signals were installed on a contiguous route in West Philadelphia consisting of standard incandescent signals and LED signals interspersed in a random pattern.

NONE

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Advances in Traffic Restraint Measures in Urban Areas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper first describes traffic restraint measures applied in urban and/or suburban areas and it assesses the role that these may play in easifying and calming traffic. The nature of these measures and some standard issues in their planning process are presented. The difficulties in the implementation of these measures are then discussed on the basis of a number of 17 traffic management studies carried out in the Athens northern suburban area of Maroussi.Following this, the paper proceeds to a further step in the design of such measures by introducing a set of environmental parameters in the whole planning process the latter determine and affect the environmental quality of urban roads. These parameters are tested in practice for a representative network of roads in the urban complex of Maroussi forming an inner ring road, along which bicycle lanes are introduced and thermal comfort measures are taken. It is proposed these environmental parameters can be involved in the planning process and that can be used as potential tools of an advanced transport policy, which adds the environmental quality of roads to the targets of the whole traffic restraint process.

Evangelos C. Matsoukis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Real-Time Traffic Information for Emergency Evacuation Operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real-Time Traffic Information for Emergency Evacuation Operations Research Brief Oak Ridge National Environment Safety Security Vehicle Technologies T here are many instances in which it is possible to plan. The system of sensors will transmit through satellite links, or other robust communication means, real

157

A review of fundamental drivers governing the emissions, dispersion and exposure to vehicle-emitted nanoparticles at signalised traffic intersections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Signalised traffic intersections (TIs) are considered as pollution hot-spots in urban areas, but the knowledge of fundamental drivers governing emission, dispersion and exposure to vehicle-emitted nanoparticles (represented by particle number concentration, PNC) at \\{TIs\\} is yet to be established. A number of following key factors, which are important for developing an emission and exposure framework for nanoparticles at TIs, are critically evaluated as a part of this review article. In particular, (i) how do traffic- and wind-flow features affect emission and dispersion of nanoparticles? (ii) What levels of \\{PNCs\\} can be typically expected under diverse signal- and traffic-conditions? (iii) How does the traffic driving condition affect the particle number (PN) emissions and the particle number emission factors (PNEF)? (iv) What is the relative importance of particle transformation processes in affecting the PNCs? (v) What are important considerations for the dispersion modelling of nanoparticles? (vi) What is extent of exposure at \\{TIs\\} with respect to other locations in urban settings? (vii) What are the gaps in current knowledge on this topic where the future research should focus? We found that the accurate consideration of dynamic traffic flow features at \\{TIs\\} is essential for reliable estimates of PN emissions. Wind flow features at \\{TIs\\} are generally complex to generalise. Only a few field studies have monitored \\{PNCs\\} at \\{TIs\\} until now, reporting over an order of magnitude larger peak \\{PNCs\\} (0.75.4נ105cm?3) compared with average \\{PNCs\\} at typical roadsides (?0.3נ105cm?3). The PN emission and thus the \\{PNEFs\\} can be up to an order of magnitude higher during acceleration compared with steady speed conditions. The time scale analysis suggests nucleation as the fastest transformation process, followed by dilution, deposition, coagulation and condensation. Consideration of appropriate flow features, \\{PNEFs\\} and transformation processes emerged as important parameters for reliable modelling of \\{PNCs\\} at TIs. Computation of respiratory deposition doses (RDD) based on the available PNC data suggest that the peak RDD at \\{TIs\\} can be up to 12-times higher compared with average RDD at urban roadsides. Systematic field and modelling studies are needed to develop a sound understanding of the emissions, dispersion and exposure of nanoparticles at the TIs.

Anju Goel; Prashant Kumar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Research on traffic impact analysis and organisation design optimisation for logistics park  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes domestic and international research results and proposes a method system of logistics park traffic impact analysis and organisation design optimisation. Firstly, the basis of logistics park traffic impact analysis is studied, project position and impact scope are analysed. Secondly, we forecast logistics park traffic demand and analyse the adaptability of road section and logistics park. Moreover, on the basis of these, the paper confirms the implemental principle of traffic organisation design optimisation, put forward logistics park traffic organisation design optimisation model based on multi-agent and corresponding algorithm based on evolutionary algorithm. Finally, it uses traffic simulation to simulate the traffic flow of logistics park and gives quantitative traffic impact assessment by visual animation, based on these, traffic organisation advices are put forward so that the traffic problems can be effectively resolved. This paper, by using the proposed method before, takes Zhengzhou National Arterial Highway Logistics Park for empirical studies, combines macro planning software TransCAD and micro traffic simulation platform VISSIM to demonstrate the feasibility and workability of the method, it get good results; this can offer the reference to logistics park planning and design.

Wei Wang; Xuejun Feng; Jianyu Zhang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Analysis from robust control under environment constraint: application for traffic model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Traffic management solutions are increasingly called for to address problems of transport and mobility and nowadays, even to address the environmental impact. Traffic control uses strategies to reduce bottlenecks, travel time and costs. Although it is usually assumed that an improved traffic flow will result in lower vehicle emissions, little scientific research has been done concerning the effects of traffic control on emissions. Moreover, because changes in traffic flow do not necessarily influence travel times, noise and air quality in the same way, there is a clear need for a combined approach. The main idea was to apply control strategy on the road under the assumption of ensuring fluid traffic flow. In the following the gas emissions were evaluated as results of this regulation procedure. The proposed control approach is based on non-integer robust methodology. The chosen study case is a macroscopic traffic flow model.

Milka Uzunova; Mohamed Djemai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Safety after a Traffic Accident  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Safety Natural Gas Safety after a Traffic Accident to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Safety after a Traffic Accident on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Safety after a Traffic Accident on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Safety after a Traffic Accident on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Safety after a Traffic Accident on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Safety after a Traffic Accident on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Safety after a Traffic Accident on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

WIDE-AREA WIRELESS TRAFFIC CONDITIONS MONITORING: REALITY OR WISHFUL THINKING?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Bruce Hellinga Proceedings of the ITE Canadian District Annual Conference held May 6-10, 2007 in Toronto

Hellinga, Bruce

162

Eco-burden in pavement maintenance: Effects from excess traffic growth and overload  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Road pavement is designed to support certain usage conditions. However, many abnormal usages above regulated level often happen. Excess traffic growth is considered as a factor influencing road life-performance. Overload phenomenon has also long been recognized as an unexpected force causing extreme decrease of road performance. This study investigates the eco-burden effect of road construction in its maintenance phase along with the influence of above factors in shortening road life-cycle. Because of that, life-cycle assessment (LCA) is used to calculate the eco-burden impact. Furthermore, they are two different options taken for pavement materials: hot-mix and recycled asphalt. They are compared in order to provide comprehensive investigation results for decision makers. Eco-Indicator 99 is used as the impact database in order to standardize calculation processes. Seven sections of Pantura (Pantai Utara North Beach) road, Indonesia, are picked up to be the case studies as a basis in understanding correlation between all factors to eco-burden impact in road maintenance. This study concludes that each of excess traffic growth and overload is positively correlated with the increase of eco-burden impact. The more extreme shortening of road life-cycle, the more eco-burden will be produced, and it will increase faster in polynomial functions. By looking at previous studies which tend to focus on eco-burden in ideal condition of road life-cycle, this study throws new light on the effects of abnormal phenomena on road usage which shorten pavement life-performance as well as increase eco-burden impacts.

Corinthias P.M. Sianipar; Kiyoshi Dowaki

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Atypical Behavior Identification in Large Scale Network Traffic  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cyber analysts are faced with the daunting challenge of identifying exploits and threats within potentially billions of daily records of network traffic. Enterprise-wide cyber traffic involves hundreds of millions of distinct IP addresses and results in data sets ranging from terabytes to petabytes of raw data. Creating behavioral models and identifying trends based on those models requires data intensive architectures and techniques that can scale as data volume increases. Analysts need scalable visualization methods that foster interactive exploration of data and enable identification of behavioral anomalies. Developers must carefully consider application design, storage, processing, and display to provide usability and interactivity with large-scale data. We present an application that highlights atypical behavior in enterprise network flow records. This is accomplished by utilizing data intensive architectures to store the data, aggregation techniques to optimize data access, statistical techniques to characterize behavior, and a visual analytic environment to render the behavioral trends, highlight atypical activity, and allow for exploration.

Best, Daniel M.; Hafen, Ryan P.; Olsen, Bryan K.; Pike, William A.

2011-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

164

Impact of retailer's promotional activities on customer traffic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Matutes (1994), Blattberg, Briesch and Fox (1995), Drze (1999), and DeGraba (2003). Although the assumption of a positive relationship between promotional activity and store traffic keeps re-appearing in many papers, empirical studies tackling... are assumed to be positive, although this is not a proven fact. One has to exercise extreme caution when reading through the literature, and not take anything for granted. A good example of inconsequential work is that of Blattberg, Briesch, and Fox (1995...

Tasic, Ivan

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

165

Incorporation of Lagrangian measurements in freeway traffic state estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, University of California, Berkeley, United States a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 15 May 2009 state estimation GPS-enabled cell-phones Probe data collection a b s t r a c t Cell-phones equipped lose 4.2 billion hours and waste 2.9 billion of fuel gallons per year because of traffic congestion

166

Development of a Web-based Emissions Reduction Calculator for Street Light and Traffic Light Retrofits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEVELOPMENT OF A WEB-BASED, EMISSIONS REDUCTION CALCULATOR FOR STREET LIGHT AND TRAFFIC LIGHT RETROFITS Zi Liu, Ph.D. Research Engineer Jeff S. Haberl, Ph.D., P.E. Professor/Assc. Director Don Gilman, P..., street lights and traffic lights represent one of the largest categories of electricity used by a city. By retrofitting the street lights with energy efficient lamps such as high pressure sodium and metal halide and traffic lights with light...

Liu, Z.; Gilman, D.; Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Identifying Traffic-Related Air Pollution Hotspots in the Built Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

419, 7-15. Health Effects Institute. (2010). Traffic-relatedand health effects. Health Effects Institute, 17. Boston,al. , 2002). The Health Effects Institute (HEI, 2010) report

Wu, Lisa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

E-Print Network 3.0 - air route traffic control centers Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

routing algorithms for traffic classes that require... mechanisms such as congestion control and scheduling, we develop ... Source: Carnegie Mellon University, School of...

169

E-Print Network 3.0 - air traffic management Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Visualization of Air Traffic Flow for Modeling and Control Applications Banavar Sridhar and Kapil Sheth Summary: flexible system with higher...

170

Energy Saving Through Traffic Profiling and Prediction in Self-Optimizing Optical Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method that automatically learns and predicts the traffic behavior to save energy by adjusting the number of active optical carriers is presented. Simulations prove it provides large...

Siracusa, Domenico; Pederzolli, Federico; Lo Cigno, Renato; Salvadori, Elio

171

On the Usage of Multiflow Transponders under Anycast and Unicast Traffic in Elastic Optical Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The impact of anycast and unicast traffic on transponder usage in both symmetric and asymmetric lightpath provisioning scenarios in Elastic Optical Networks is studied. Acceptable...

Walkowiak, Krzysztof; Klinkowski, Miroslaw

172

Simulation Study of a Traffic Light Assistant Based on Vehicle-Infrastructure Communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vehicle-infrastructure communication opens up new ways to improve traffic flow efficiency at signalized intersections. In this study, we assume that equipped vehicles can obtain information about switching times of relevant traffic lights in advance, and additionally counting data from upstream detectors. By means of simulation, we investigate, how equipped vehicles can make use of this information to improve traffic flow. Criteria include cycle-averaged capacity, driving comfort, fuel consumption, travel time, and the number of stops. Depending on the overall traffic demand and the penetration rate of equipped vehicles, we generally find several percent of improvement.

Treiber, Martin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated mixed traffic Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lab Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 13 A Microscopic Traffic Simulation Model for Transportation Planning in Georgios Papageorgiou, Pantelis Damianou,...

174

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated control traffic Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Applications of Agent Technology Summary: or others. This feature helps to implement automated traffic control and management systems. Agents... modeling and simulation,...

175

E-Print Network 3.0 - arbitrary traffic channels Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 28 Model-Based Covert Timing Channels: Automated Modeling and Evasion Summary: . Keywords: covert timing channels, traffic...

176

Walking and Automobile Traffic Near Schools: Data to SUpport An Evaluation Of School Pedestrian Safety Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anderson Walking And Automobile Traffic Near Schools: Dataof many pedestrian-automobile conflicts both on public roadsthe unique nature of both automobile and walking travel near

Anderson, Craig L MPH, PhD; Boarnet, Marlon G.; McMillan, Tracy; Alfonzo, Mariela; Day, Kristen

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Distributed Architecture for Real-time Traffic Analysis Cristian Morariu, Burkhard Stiller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Architecture for Real-time Traffic Analysis Cristian Morariu, Burkhard Stiller Department of Informatics, University of Zürich CH-8050, Zürich, Switzerland {morariu, stiller

Boyer, Edmond

178

Effects of Levels of Automation on Air Traffic Controller Situation Awareness and Performance.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??To meet the increasing demands of air traffic, the Joint Planning and Development Office has proposed initiatives to modernize the U.S. National Airspace System (NAS). (more)

Sethumadhavan, Arathi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Performance Evaluation of Multi-Layer Traffic Engineering Enabled IP-over-ION Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently, network operators started implementing traffic engineering (TE) techniques in their network. These ... layer. The evolution towards intelligent optical networks (IONs) allows further increasing the impr...

Qiang Yan; Didier Colle; Sophie De Maesschalck

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Traffic Grooming for IP-Over-WDM Networks: Energy and Delay Perspectives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As energy consumption has become a major concern of networks, traffic grooming studies on Internet protocol over wavelength division multiplexing (IP-over-WDM) networks have been...

Lee, Chankyun; Rhee, June-Koo Kevin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Acquisition and registration of aerial video imagery of urban traffic  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The amount of information available about urban traffic from aerial video imagery is extremely high. Here we discuss the collection of such video imagery from a helicopter platform with a low-cost sensor, and the post-processing used to correct radial distortion in the data and register it. The radial distortion correction is accomplished using a Harris model. The registration is implemented in a two-step process, using a globally applied polyprojective correction model followed by a fine scale local displacement field adjustment. The resulting cleaned-up data is sufficiently well-registered to allow subsequent straight-forward vehicle tracking.

Loveland, Rohan C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Phase transition in a directed traffic flow network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The generic feature of traffic in a network of flowing electronic data packets is a phase transition from a stationary free-flow phase to a continuously growing congested nonstationary phase. In the most simple network of directed oriented square lattice we have been able to observe all crucial features of such flow systems having nontrivial critical behavior near the critical point of transition. The network here is in the shape of a square lattice and data packets are randomly posted with a rate ? at one side of the lattice. Each packet executes a directed diffusive motion toward the opposite boundary where it is delivered. Packets accumulated at a particular node form a queue and a maximum of m such packets randomly jump out of this node at every time step to its neighbors on a first-in-first-out basis. The phase transition occurs at ?c=m. The distribution of travel times through the system is found to have a log-normal behavior and the power spectrum of the load time series shows 1?f-like noise similar to the scenario of Internet traffic.

G. Mukherjee and S. S. Manna

2005-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

183

Chapter XXXIII Railroad, Subway, and Car Traffic Problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the impact automatic guidance and control systems have on continuous processes. The operation of a railroad is indeed a continuous process taking place over tens of thousands of miles of line and in thousands of stations. The operational control of a railway network implies an impressive number of interdependent functions. A number of techniques are used in automating different facets of railroad operation, such as weighing loads in motion and handling trans-shipment of goods traffic. Railroad automation should pay due attention to both the information feedback aspects and the hardware characteristics of the traffic network. Digital automation in the control of autonomous procedures would require the use of electronic computers for train running control, supervision of station and marshalling yard working, and driverless train operation. A computer will use the pulse rate to determine the position, velocity, and acceleration of the train, and, from the frequency variations between the leading and trailing signals, determine the length of the train. The station's control computer will store a speed-distance profile for the section of track it controls. According to this particular approach, instructions to the train will be transmitted in combinations of audio-frequency tones along the wiggly wire channel. All control information is designed in digital form.

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Capacity dimensioning for Air Traffic Management (ATM) services in a GEO satellite system with spot beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Communications Operating Concepts and Requirements (COCR) for Future Radio Systems (FRS) [EUROCONTROL/FAA, Technical report, May 2007] is a document produced jointly by Eurocontrol (the European organization for the safety of air navigation) and ... Keywords: Satellite air traffic management, queuing theory, traffic model

Eriza Hafid Fazli

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Introducing Propositional Logic and Queueing Theory with the InfoTraffic Interactive Learning Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environments Ruedi Arnold Institute for Pervasive Computing ETH Zurich 8092 Zurich, Switzerland rarnold of propositional logic when you see traffic lights at intersections? Or do you reason about what the throughput of a street might be while being caught up in a traffic jam? Most people do not, we presume. But as Info

186

WreckWatch: Automatic Traffic Accident Detection and Notification with Smartphones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Traffic accidents are one of the leading causes of fatalities in the US. An important indicator of survival rates after an accident is the time between the accident and when emergency medical personnel are dispatched to the scene. Eliminating the time ... Keywords: cyber-physical systems, mobile cyber-physical systems, smartphones, traffic accident detection

Jules White; Chris Thompson; Hamilton Turner; Brian Dougherty; Douglas C. Schmidt

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Video Traffic Analysis of H.264/AVC and Extensions: Single-Layer Statistics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Video Traffic Analysis of H.264/AVC and Extensions: Single-Layer Statistics Geert Van der Auwera and Prasanth T. David and Martin Reisslein I. INTRODUCTION We examine the video traffic generated by the H.264/MPEG­4 Advanced Video Coding (H.264/AVC for brevity) standard [1], also known as H.264/MPEG-4 Part 10

Reisslein, Martin

188

A non-continuum approach to obtain a macroscopic model for the flow of traffic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by continuum models for the flow of traffic. The number of vehicles in a typical section of a freeway does not justify traffic being treated as a continuum. It is also important to recognize that the basic premises of kinetic theory are not appropriate...

Tyagi, Vipin

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

189

Ascertaining Viability of WiFi based Vehicle-to-Vehicle Network for Traffic Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ascertaining Viability of WiFi based Vehicle-to-Vehicle Network for Traffic InformationDepartment of Computer Science 2Department of Civil Engineering Rutgers University, USA Rutgers University- Traffic). However, these solutions are plagued by prohibitive deployment and maintenance cost

Chen, Yuanzhu Peter

190

Towards a Cost Model for Network Traffic Murtaza Motiwala , Amogh Dhamdhere , Nick Feamster , Anukool Lakhina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards a Cost Model for Network Traffic Murtaza Motiwala , Amogh Dhamdhere , Nick Feamster@gatech.edu, anukool.lakhina@guavus.com ABSTRACT We develop a holistic cost model that operators can use to help evaluate the costs of various routing and peering decisions. Using real traffic data from a large carrier

California at San Diego, University of

191

Responding to the Unexpected: Traffic Research in the Wake of Bridge Collapse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

effects of the I-35W Mississippi River bridge collapse (under review) · He, X.Z., S. E., Jabari and H. LiuResponding to the Unexpected: Traffic Research in the Wake of Bridge Collapse Henry Liu, Ph@umn.edu Nov. 20, 2007 #12;Planning for the Expected: Traffic Research after Bridge Reopening & Preliminary

Levinson, David M.

192

TRACKING ELEPHANT FLOWS IN INTERNET BACKBONE TRAFFIC WITH AN FPGA-BASED CACHE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRACKING ELEPHANT FLOWS IN INTERNET BACKBONE TRAFFIC WITH AN FPGA-BASED CACHE Martin Zadnik an FPGA-friendly approach to track- ing elephant flows in network traffic. Our approach, Single Step elephant flows: con- servatively promoting potential elephants and evicting low- rate flows in LRU manner

Haddadi, Hamed

193

LRRB Pavement Management SystemsTraffic Generator Managing Interaction Between Local  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% of their energy from renewable sources by 2025. #12;LRRB Pavement Management SystemsTraffic Generator MN Wind Resource #12;LRRB Pavement Management SystemsTraffic Generator Wind Power (continued) · Advantage: · Energy Anderson, Stearns County Deb Bloom, City of Roseville Bruce Hasbargen, Lk of Woods Cty Steve Koehler, City

Minnesota, University of

194

SIGNIFICANCE OF TRAFFIC PRODUCED TURBULENCE FOR URBAN DISPERSION MODELING Petra Kastner-Klein  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

than with roofu (Figs. 1a, c). 3. CONCLUSIONS The traditional concentration scaling with a roofSIGNIFICANCE OF TRAFFIC PRODUCED TURBULENCE FOR URBAN DISPERSION MODELING Petra Kastner-Klein a wakes) and congested traffic (strongly interacting vehicle wakes). Kastner-Klein et al. (2002) applied

Fedorovich, Evgeni

195

Low-Latency ECDSA Signature Verification A Road Towards Safer Traffic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

crippling efficient movement inside and towards cities resulting in mounting travel times, fuel consumption running on high end CPUs and FPGAs. These implementations are far from cost-effective nor energy efficient caused by the rising traffic densities on our roads and in our cities. Traffic congestion is increasingly

196

A New Framework for the Integration, Analysis and Visualisation of Urban Traffic Data Within GIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A New Framework for the Integration, Analysis and Visualisation of Urban Traffic Data Within GIS environment for the visualisation of urban traffic data within GIS. These concepts provide a relevant support Systems (GIS) have been adopted as a successful solution by a wide range of disciplines

Bargiela, Andrzej

197

On the Necessity of Traffic Shaping for PMU Measurement Data Streams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 On the Necessity of Traffic Shaping for PMU Measurement Data Streams Miroslav Popovic, Peng Gao a PMU data transfer layer. Implementing traffic shaping within PMUs is essential for avoiding excessive distribution network. It needs to ensure the delivery of PMU data within stringent time delays and with minimal

Candea, George

198

Tuning the weights in WFQ schedulers for the maximization of carried best effort traffic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maga~na, Daniel Morat´o, Pravin Varaiya Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, a solution that could be applied to the huge variability of services and traffic types found in data networks effort traffic [9]. We show that even using a shortest-path routing protocol, a big improvement can

Varaiya, Pravin

199

Bicycle-Specific Traffic Signals: Results from a State-of-the-Practice Review Paper # 13-0536  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bicycle-Specific Traffic Signals: Results from a State-of-the-Practice Review Paper # 13-0536 Sam R with known installations of bicycle-specific traffic signals and a review of available engineering guidance); the CROW design manual for bicycle traffic; and the Canadian, U.S. and Californian manuals on uniform

200

Bicycle-Specific Traffic Signals: Results from a State-of-the-Practice Review1 Paper # 13-05363  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bicycle-Specific Traffic Signals: Results from a State-of-the-Practice Review1 2 Paper # 13-05363 4 with known installations of2 bicycle-specific traffic signals and a review of available engineering guidance Canada (TAC), the CROW design manual for bicycle traffic, and the Canadian, U.S. and Californian9 manuals

Bertini, Robert L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Spatial and temporal differences in traffic-related air pollution in three urban neighborhoods near an interstate highway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Relatively few studies have characterized differences in intra- and inter-neighborhood traffic-related air pollutant (TRAP) concentrations and distance-decay gradients in neighborhoods along an urban highway for the purposes of exposure assessment. The goal of this work was to determine the extent to which intra- and inter-neighborhood differences in TRAP concentrations can be explained by traffic and meteorology in three pairs of neighborhoods along Interstate 93 (I-93) in the metropolitan Boston area (USA). We measured distance-decay gradients of seven \\{TRAPs\\} (PNC, pPAH, NO, NOX, BC, CO, PM2.5) in near-highway (1km) in Somerville, Dorchester/South Boston, Chinatown and Malden to determine whether (1) spatial patterns in concentrations and inter-pollutant correlations differ between neighborhoods, and (2) variation within and between neighborhoods can be explained by traffic and meteorology. The neighborhoods ranged in area from 0.5 to 2.3km2. Mobile monitoring was performed over the course of one year in each pair of neighborhoods (one pair of neighborhoods per year in three successive years; 3547 days of monitoring in each neighborhood). Pollutant levels generally increased with highway proximity, consistent with I-93 being a major source of TRAP; however, the slope and extent of the distance-decay gradients varied by neighborhood as well as by pollutant, season and time of day. Spearman correlations among pollutants differed between neighborhoods (e.g., ?=0.350.80 between PNC and NOX and ?=0.110.60 between PNC and BC) and were generally lower in Dorchester/South Boston than in the other neighborhoods. We found that the generalizability of near-road gradients and near-highway/urban background contrasts was limited for near-highway neighborhoods in a metropolitan area with substantial local street traffic. Our findings illustrate the importance of measuring gradients of multiple pollutants under different ambient conditions in individual near-highway neighborhoods for health studies involving inter-neighborhood comparisons.

Allison P. Patton; Jessica Perkins; Wig Zamore; Jonathan I. Levy; Doug Brugge; John L. Durant

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Fermilab | Traffic Safety at Fermilab | Questions & Answers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Questions & Answers Questions & Answers I received an e-mail stating that I have received a traffic citation, but I did not. What do I do? The email I received states that I have five working days after receiving a citation to appeal, what does that mean? I filled out the citation appeal form and submitted it, what happens next? I missed the five day deadline, what do I do now? I lost my appeal and disagree with the results, what do I do now? I lost my appeal and received disciplinary action, what do I do now? I received a citation but did not sign it because I disagreed with the charge and that, without my signature, it would not be considered a valid citation. I received an email saying that it was a violation. Why did this happen? Why should I appeal a citation? Employees never win anyway.

203

Empirical Features of Spontaneous and Induced Traffic Breakdowns in Free Flow at Highway Bottlenecks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on an empirical study of real field traffic data measured in 1996--2014 through road detectors installed on German freeways, we reveal physical features of empirical nuclei for spontaneous traffic breakdown in free flow at highway bottlenecks. It is shown that the source of a nucleus for traffic breakdown is the solely difference between empirical spontaneous and induced traffic breakdowns at a highway bottleneck. Microscopic traffic simulations with a stochastic traffic flow model in the framework of three-phase theory explain the empirical findings. It turns out that in the most cases, a nucleus for empirical spontaneous traffic breakdown occurs through an interaction of one of waves in free flow with an empirical permanent speed disturbance localized at a highway bottleneck. The wave is a localized structure in free flow, in which the total flow rate is larger and the speed averaged across the highway is smaller than outside the wave. The waves in free flow appear due to oscilations in the percentage...

Kerner, Boris S; Klenov, Sergey L; Rehborn, Hubert; Leibel, Michael

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

A dynamic vehicle routing problem based on real-time traffic information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We treat the dynamic vehicle routing problem with time windows (DVRPTW) in the context of real-time traffic information. We integrate traffic information obtained in real time to change the speed profile according to the accidents on the road network (congestion, etc.). The travel times are based on a time-dependent model in which the travel speeds are step functions. This model is enriched with an exponential smoothing function able to calculate the forecasted speed. The analysis of the results of these experiments shows that our method with real-time traffic information provides a good performance, a better robustness against a simple model with time dependent travel time.

Xin Zhao; Gilles Goncalves; Remy Dupas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Post processing large integer programming problems in air traffic flow management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Infor- mation Sciences, School of Business Administration, University of Houston, Houston, TX, 1993. [6] M. P. Helme, K. S. Lindsay, and S. V. Massimini, "Opti&nization Models for Air Traffic Flow IVIanagcmcnt: Ncw Formulations, " MTR 92W0000152..., The IVIITRE Corporation, Mclean, VA, 1992. [7] K. S. Lin&lsay, "Traffic flow modeling with the Time Assignment Model, " MTR 93W0000119, Thc lVIITRE Corporation, Mclean, VA, 1993. [8] K. S. Lindsay, E. A. Boyd and R. Burlingame, "Traffic Flow Management...

Gangadharan, Rajesh

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

206

Stimulating Transportation Policy Making Through an Effective Traffic Information Communication Mechanism: The Case of Athens  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The availability of accurate, up-to-date and timely transport and traffic information has become nowadays a crucial issue for decision makers and traffic planers, who wish to plan sustainable transport systems. The paper presents an online platform, the Observatory for Public Authorities and Transport Planners, providing traffic and transport aggregated data and corresponding indices to policy makers and transport planners, enabling the review of transport networks performance, the assessment of scenarios and the formulation of investment plans in order to create an effective and sustainable transportation system in their area.

Yannis Tyrinopoulos; Anna Kortsari; Maria Chatziathanasiou

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

For decades, traffic safety improvements have relied primarily upon engineering and enforcement solutions. If we are limited to those options, further  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traffic Safety Culture For decades, traffic safety improvements have relied primarily upon about driving ­ changing our traffic safety culture. A survey by the Center for Transportation Safety on the roads than drivers nationwide, as measured in the 2010 Traffic Safety Culture Index published by the AAA

208

V-201: Cisco Intrusion Prevention System SSP Fragmented Traffic Denial of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1: Cisco Intrusion Prevention System SSP Fragmented Traffic 1: Cisco Intrusion Prevention System SSP Fragmented Traffic Denial of Service Vulnerability V-201: Cisco Intrusion Prevention System SSP Fragmented Traffic Denial of Service Vulnerability July 19, 2013 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Several vulnerabilities were reported in Cisco Intrusion Prevention System PLATFORM: Cisco ASA 5500-X Series Adaptive Security Appliances Cisco Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) 7.1 ABSTRACT: A vulnerability in the implementation of the code that processes fragmented traffic could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to cause the Analysis Engine process to become unresponsive or cause the affected system to reload. REFERENCE LINKS: Secunia Advisory SA54246 SecurityTracker ID: 1028806 Cisco Advisory ID: cisco-sa-20130717-ips CVE-2013-1218

209

E-Print Network 3.0 - air traffic control facilities Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air traffic control facilities Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Table of Contents 1 Introduction Summary: to...

210

Energy Saving Scheme Based On Traffic Forwarding For Optical Fiber Access Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on an energy saving block that regroups and powers off OLTs during low traffic periods, resulting in energy savings up to 87,5% in the central office of optical access...

Arturo Rod s L pez, G; Estaran, J; Vegas Olmos, J J; Tafur Monroy, I

211

A Hybrid Energy Saving Mechanism for VoIP Traffic with Silence Suppression  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a hybrid energy saving mechanism (HESM) that combines power-saving mode (PSM) for real-time traffic ... silence suppression. The proposed method uses power saving class (PSC) II during t...

Jung-Ryun Lee

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Modelling the Effects of Urban Morphology, Traffic and Pedestrian Dynamics on Students Exposure to Air Pollution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The United Nations Environment Programme stated that the human exposure to air pollutants primarily emitted by road traffic is ... tracked and profiled with a GPS. Ambient air pollutant concentrations of CO and P...

Jorge Humberto Amorim; Joana Valente

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Preemption strategy for traffic signals at intersections near highway-railroad grade crossings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

delay are given less consideration or ignored completely. Consequently, state-of-the-practice strategies may cause serious pedestrian safety and efficiency problems at IHRGCs. Therefore, there is a definite need for research on how to improve traffic...

Cho, Hanseon

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

214

Traffic Congestion Mitigation as an Emissions Reduction Strategy Alexander York Bigazzi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

goals, a better understanding of the impacts of traffic congestion on motor vehicle emissions is needed, such as electric and gas- electric hybrid vehicles. But travel volume is also a key consideration for the total

Bertini, Robert L.

215

Airport surface traffic optimization and simulation in the presence of uncertainties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface traffic congestion causes significant taxi delays and long queues for takeoffs at busy airports, increasing operational and environmental costs. These impacts may be mitigated by optimizing runway and taxiway ...

Lee, Hanbong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Development and evaluation of an arterial adaptive traffic signal control system using reinforcement learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

perspective. This comparison shows both the connections between them and the benefits of using reinforcement learning. A Neural-Fuzzy Actor-Critic Reinforcement Learning (NFACRL) method is then introduced for traffic signal control. NFACRL integrates fuzzy...

Xie, Yuanchang

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

System-Optimal Routing of Traffic Flows with User Constraints in Networks with Congestion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The design of route-guidance systems faces a well-known dilemma. The approach that theoretically yields the system-optimal traffic pattern may discriminate against some users, for the sake of favoring ...

Jahn, Olaf

2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

218

Fact #668: March 28, 2011 Time Wasted Due to Traffic Congestion  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

According to the Texas Transportation Institute's latest study on traffic congestion, all urban areas have experienced increased congestion in the seventeen-year period from 1982 to 2009, but...

219

A tractable optimization framework for Air Traffic Flow Management addressing fairness, collaboration and stochasticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a tractable optimization framework for network Air Traffic Flow Management (ATFM) with an eye towards the future. The thesis addresses two issues in ATFM research: a) fairness and collaboration amongst airlines; ...

Gupta, Shubham, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Model Reference Adaptive Control Framework for Real Time Traffic Management under Emergency Evacuation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to guide the real world traffic flow to evolve towards the desired states. Simulation studies provided, including nuclear plant crisis, hurricane, flooding, and fire, etc. For detailed discussions regarding

Ban, Xuegang "Jeff"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Childhood Cancer and Traffic-Related Air Pollution Exposure in Pregnancy and Early Life  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exposure to traffic and nitrogen dioxide. Epidemiology 16(in Taiwan using nitrogen dioxide as an air pollutant marker.benzene and modeled nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) as a marker of

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Evolution of domestic traffic and fares at the top 200 US airports between 1990 and 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main objective of this thesis is to analyze the evolution of domestic Origin- Destination (O-D) traffic and fares at the Top 200 airports in the United States between 1990 and 2008. The impetus behind this research is ...

Ben Abda, Mehdi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Study of the impact of rainfall on freeway traffic flow in Southeast China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to quantify the impact of rainfall on freeway traffic flow using toll station data and precipitation data. Five rainfall categories were classified based on precipitation intensity. Hourly traffic volume and travel times were retrieved and analysed in three spatial scales: at toll stations, on freeway sections between two toll stations, and on freeway corridors composed of multiple sections. Travel times for passenger cars in each rainfall category were studied and the impact of rainfall on traffic volume and travel time was quantified. The non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test was performed to check the significance of difference among various categories.Calculated traffic volume reduction coefficients and travel time incremental coefficients for each rainfall category were compared with existing research results, which showed obvious differences. Potential causes are discussed to explain the discrepancy in coefficient values.

Saini Yang; Jiayuan Ye; Xuechi Zhang; Hao Liu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Real-time analysis of aggregate network traffic for anomaly detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The frequent and large-scale network attacks have led to an increased need for developing techniques for analyzing network traffic. If efficient analysis tools were available, it could become possible to detect the attacks, anomalies...

Kim, Seong Soo

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

225

Evaluation of traffic operations at diamond interchanges using advanced actuated control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis documents an operational analysis of ographics. advanced actuated traffic control at signalized diamond interchanges. The study attempts to determine the benefits a "flexible'' phasing strategy provides to the interchange. Flexible...

Koonce, Peter John Vincent

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Fact #776: April 22, 2013 Fuel Savings from Attempts to Alleviate Traffic Congestion  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Despite the news that traffic congestion wasted nearly 2.9 billion gallons of fuel in 2011, fuel savings were achieved due to efforts to combat congestion. According to the Texas Transportation...

227

Microsoft Word - Cindy from Jim Prybylski office_notes on traffic...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

am - 7 am. * Typical work week is Mon-Thur; therefore, traffic volumes on Fri, Sat, and Sun dependent on projects. Most of personnel likely associated with WSI (security) and...

228

Impact of urban traffic and climate change on water quality from road runoff.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Urban traffic and climate change are two phenomena that have the potential to degrade urban water quality by influencing the build-up and wash-off of pollutants, (more)

Mahbub, S. M. Parvez Bin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide concentrations in Santiago de Chile associated with traffic emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CO/CO2 ratios have been measured in different locations of Santiago de Chile city. Measurements were carried out in a tunnel (prevailing emissions from cars with catalytic converter) and close to heavy traffic st...

Mara A. Rubio; Irene Fuenzalida

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Assessing the Potential of Using Traffic Simulation Model Results for Evaluating Automatic Incident Detection Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessing the Potential of Using Traffic Simulation Model Results for Evaluating Automatic Incident of such a test-bed would be the ability to incorporate synthetic data produced by a simulation model since

Hellinga, Bruce

231

Stochastic Traffic Engineering for Live Audio/Video Delivering over Energy-Limited Wireless Access Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the Stochastic Traffic Engineering (STE) problem arising from the support ... demanding live (e.g., real time) audio/video applications over unreliable IP-over-wireless...stochastic optimization problem,...

Nicola Cordeschi; Tatiana Patriarca; Enzo Baccarelli

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

BICYCLE SAFETY--WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW Obey all traffic laws while riding your bike.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

942012 BICYCLE SAFETY--WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW · Obey all traffic laws while riding your bike. · According the California Vehicle Code, every person riding a bicycle upon a street or highway has all

Straight, Aaron

233

Development of an actuated traffic control process utilizing real-time estimated volume feedbback  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

implement signal operating changes at an actuated traffic signal. The scope of the research dealt with only one traffic control sensor design configuration ? that of 60-foot stopline detection. The overall study results suggest that this design... 24 26 27 Basic Queueing Theory Model. TTI REL CID and Eagle Controller. . . TransLink Roadside Equipment Laboratory. Basic Isolated, Actuated Intersection Testbed. Advanced Isolated, Actuated Intersection Testbed. Eight-Phase, Dual-Ring, Quad...

Pacelli, Michael Joseph

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

234

An investigative study of automobile traffic accidents utilizing biorhythm theory for predictive value  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN INVESTIGATIVE STUDY OF AUTOMOBILE TRAFFIC ACCT. DENTS UTILIZING BIORHYTHM THEORY FOR PREDICTIVE VALUE A Thesis by OSCAR HENRY EGLY JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1977 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering AN INVESTIGATIVE STUDY OF AUTOMOBILE TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS UTILIZING BIORHYTHM THEORY FOR PREDICTIVE VALUE A Thesis by OSCAR HENRY EGLY JR. Approved as to style and content...

Egly, Oscar Henry

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Separate determination of PM10 emission factors of road traffic for tailpipe emissions and emissions from abrasion and resuspension processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Little is known about the relevance of mechanically produced particles of road traffic from abrasion and resuspension processes in relation to the exhaust pipe particles. In this paper, emission factors of PM10 and PM1 for light and heavy-duty vehicles were derived for different representative traffic regimes from concentration differences of particles and nitrogen oxides (NOx) in ambient air upwind and downwind of busy roads, or alternatively of kerbsides and nearby background sites. Hereby, PM1 was interpreted as direct exhaust emissions and PM10-PM1 as mechanically produced emissions from abrasion and resuspension processes. The results show that abrasion and resuspension processes represent a significant part of the total primary PM10 emissions of road traffic. At sites with relatively undisturbed traffic flow they are in the same range as the exhaust pipe emissions. At sites with disturbed traffic flow due to traffic lights, emissions from abrasion/resuspension are even higher than those from the exhaust pipes.

Robert Gehrig; Matz Hill; Brigitte Buchmann; David Imhof; Ernest Weingartner; Urs Baltensperger

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Traffic Trends: Drivers and Measures of Cost-Effective and Energy-Efficient Technologies and Architectures for Backbone Optical Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine trends and characteristics of the traffic, systems, and architectures of backbone optical networks to illustrate baselines, future requirements, and possible metrics to...

Korotky, Steven K

237

Management processes in U.S. air traffic management modernization : a study of global navigation satellite system development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis investigates organization and management issues associated with the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) efforts to modernize the nation's Air Traffic Management (ATM) system. Focus is placed specifically ...

Sandvig, John H.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Numerical prediction of the effect of traffic lights on the vehicle noise at urban street intersections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intersections of urban streets are particularly noisy locations due to the addition of the noise from vehicles at different streets a long period of noise emission from queuing vehicles with traffic lights in red and the noise from accelerating vehicles. Besides the traffic lights impose a modulation in the passage of the vehicles so that the subsequent noise variability along time contributes to increase the annoyance degree. This paper presents a code especially developed to simulate both the spatial and temporal distribution of the sound pressure levels induced by the vehicle traffic in street intersections. The algorithm combines a traffic model with vehicles in dynamic motion through the domain with a model for sound propagation based on the method of virtual images in which the determination of the location of the successive image sources was reduced to a reference horizontal plane. Sound emission from each vehicle was established according to the Harmonoise guidelines. After verifying the code predictions by comparison with measurements at several street intersections the method was applied systematically to investigate the effect of varying the regulation parameters of the traffic lights on the Leq and L10 distributions for some particular cases.

Jorge Parrondo; Ruben Zurita; Jose A. Corrales; Joaquin Fernandez

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Macroscopic traffic flow modelling and ramp metering control using Matlab/Simulink  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Computer programs to simulate traffic flow offer an opportunity to evaluate new strategies for reducing delays, congestion, fuel consumption and pollution. This paper describes a Statistical Traffic Model or STM, which is based on accepted macro-modelling concepts, such as the conservation of vehicles and the fundamental traffic diagram. In this case, the model is constructed using the well known Matlab/Simulink software package, so providing an integrated approach for data processing, graphical presentation of data, control system design and macroscopic simulation in one straightforward to use, widely available environment. To illustrate the methodology, the STM is applied to a section of the M3/M27 Ramp Metering Pilot Scheme in the UK. This Highways Agency sponsored project, based in the Southampton area, utilises traffic lights at the on-ramp entrances to regulate access to the main carriageway of the motorway, in an attempt to maintain flow close to the capacity. The paper utilises the model to help design a locally-coordinated ramp metering algorithm, based on proportional-integral-plus (PIP) control methods. In this manner, the STM proves particularly valuable for the application of multi-objective optimisation techniques in the design of new traffic management systems.

C James Taylor; Paul G McKenna; Peter C Young; Arun Chotai; Mike Mackinnon

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - October 2010 | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

October 2010 October 2010 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - October 2010 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

U-091: cURL Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

91: cURL Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic 91: cURL Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic U-091: cURL Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic January 30, 2012 - 6:45am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in cURL. PLATFORM: Linux (Any), UNIX (Any), Windows (Any) : Version(s): 7.10.6 through 7.23.1 ABSTRACT: A remote user can decrypt SSL/TLS sessions in certain cases. reference LINKS: CVE-2011-3389 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026587 Vendor Advisory IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Moderate Discussion: A remote user with the ability to conduct a man-in-the-middle attack can decrypt SSL/TLS sessions. The SSL protocol, as used in certain configurations in Microsoft Windows and Microsoft Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Opera, and other products, encrypts data by using CBC mode with chained initialization vectors, which allows

242

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - June 2010 | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

June 2010 June 2010 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - June 2010 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

243

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - October 2011 | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

October 2011 October 2011 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - October 2011 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

244

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - September 2011 | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September 2011 September 2011 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - September 2011 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

245

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - June 2011 | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

June 2011 June 2011 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - June 2011 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

246

High-speed and high-fidelity system and method for collecting network traffic  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system is provided for the high-speed and high-fidelity collection of network traffic. The system can collect traffic at gigabit-per-second (Gbps) speeds, scale to terabit-per-second (Tbps) speeds, and support additional functions such as real-time network intrusion detection. The present system uses a dedicated operating system for traffic collection to maximize efficiency, scalability, and performance. A scalable infrastructure and apparatus for the present system is provided by splitting the work performed on one host onto multiple hosts. The present system simultaneously addresses the issues of scalability, performance, cost, and adaptability with respect to network monitoring, collection, and other network tasks. In addition to high-speed and high-fidelity network collection, the present system provides a flexible infrastructure to perform virtually any function at high speeds such as real-time network intrusion detection and wide-area network emulation for research purposes.

Weigle, Eric H. (Los Alamos, NM)

2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

247

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - September 2010 | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September 2010 September 2010 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - September 2010 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

248

Using multi-agent negotiation techniques for the autonomous resolution of air traffic conflicts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is not sufficient to avoid conflict and that any model that is to be used in a real traffic situation must have the explicit capacity to resolve conflicts between multiple aircraft. [4] Tomlin, Pappas and Sastry have published a number of papers on automated air 7... that preserves separation regardless of the actions of the other plane. [13][14][15] Kosecka, Tomlin, Pappas and Sastry have also done work to apply methods from the field of robotics to the problem of air traffic management. There have been a large number...

Wollkind, Steven Robert

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

249

An evaluation of the operating effectiveness of a computer-controlled traffic network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to an inter- section of a heavy-volume, high speed traffic artery with a rela- tively lightly traveled minor road or street, and it works well when street capacity is not a critical problem. (14) Semi-actuated equipment operates with detectors on minor... to an inter- section of a heavy-volume, high speed traffic artery with a rela- tively lightly traveled minor road or street, and it works well when street capacity is not a critical problem. (14) Semi-actuated equipment operates with detectors on minor...

De Steiguer, Allen Louis

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

250

Simultaneous Measurement of On-Road Vehicle Emissions and Traffic Flow Using Remote Sensing and an Area-Wide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, headway, vehicle type) were simultaneously measured using a video-based area-wide traffic detection system collected via conventional and advanced vehicle monitoring systems. The project is sponsored1 Simultaneous Measurement of On-Road Vehicle Emissions and Traffic Flow Using Remote Sensing

Frey, H. Christopher

251

A real-time GIS for the analysis of a traffic system C. Claramunt, E. Peytchev and A. Bargiela  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A real-time GIS for the analysis of a traffic system C. Claramunt, E. Peytchev and A. Bargiela describes a prototype development of a new system for the integration of real-time traffic data within a GIS in which systems are designed and used in many application fields. Geographical Information Systems (GIS

Bargiela, Andrzej

252

> REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) < 1 Abstract--Self-organizing traffic jams are known to occur in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of self-organizing traffic jams. Specifically, the effect of ACC penetration rate on critical vehicle the question of how an increase in penetration of ACC-enabled vehicles in highway traffic alters the dynamics-form analytical solution helps simplify the study of the impact of increased ACC penetration on traffic flow

Brennan, Sean

253

Best Practices for Rural Traffic Safety Webinar Series TZD Toward Zero Deaths: the National Strategy on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the Decade of Action New areas: SAFETY CULTURE, TECHNOLOGY, PUBLIC HEALTH #12;17 HOW Can We Achieve and SAFETY CULTURE #12;18 Safety Culture--the Real Solution Individual roles, organizational rolesWEBINAR Best Practices for Rural Traffic Safety Webinar Series TZD Toward Zero Deaths: the National

Minnesota, University of

254

PUTTING QUALITY OF SERVICE INTO A NETWORK BY MAKING THE TRAFFIC MARKOVIAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can be implemented so that its assumptions, in this case about Markovian traffic streams, are in fact streams Markovian. 1 INTRODUCTION This paper is really about a way of thinking about the modelling process (in this case stochastic modelling) and how it should be applied to an implementation. Usually a model

Bradley, Jeremy

255

The Partially Stopped Leaky Bucket: An Efficient Traffic Regulator with Constant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Partially Stopped Leaky Bucket: An Efficient Traffic Regulator with Constant Time Implementation Florin Ciucu, Brian L. Mark , and Robert Simon Lab. of Cooperative Work Environment Dept. of Computer Science Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering School of Information Technology

Ciucu, Florin

256

Adaptive Energy Saving Scheme for Downlink Elastic Traffic in Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Energy Saving Scheme for Downlink Elastic Traffic in Wireless Networks Jongwook Lee, we propose several adaptive energy saving schemes that consider throughput and energy saving simultaneously. The proposed schemes are designed for an efficient tradeoff between throughput and energy saving

Bahk, Saewoong

257

NASA/TM-2010-216706 Formal Verification of Air Traffic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

June 2010 NASA/TM-2010-216706 Formal Verification of Air Traffic Conflict Prevention Bands Ecole polytechnique, France #12;NASA STI Program . . . in Profile Since its founding, NASA has been dedicated to the advancement of aeronautics and space science. The NASA scientific and technical information

Narkawicz, Anthony J.

258

Transient Analysis of Data Traffic in Cognitive Radio Networks: A Non-equilibrium Statistical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency of spectrum utilization. In cognitive radio systems, a secondary user (without license) can access a licensed spectrum channel if there is no primary user (with license) transmitting over this channel. When1 Transient Analysis of Data Traffic in Cognitive Radio Networks: A Non-equilibrium Statistical

Li, Husheng

259

Tuning RED for Web Traffic * Mikkel Christiansen, ** Kevin Jeffay, David Ott, F. Donelson Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

139 Tuning RED for Web Traffic * Mikkel Christiansen, ** Kevin Jeffay, David Ott, F. Donelson Smith http://www.cs.unc.edu/Research/dirt Abstract We study the effects of RED on the performance of Web --- response time for HTTP request­response pairs. We empirically evaluate RED across a range of parameter

Jeffay, Kevin

260

A New MAC Scheme Supporting Voice/Data Traffic in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A New MAC Scheme Supporting Voice/Data Traffic in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Ping Wang, Member, IEEE, Hai Jiang, Member, IEEE, and Weihua Zhuang, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--In wireless ad hoc networks information exchanges among the nodes. Index Terms--Wireless ad hoc networks, medium access control, fairness

Jiang, Hai

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Analysis of seasonal and day-of-week traffic patterns at national parks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

seasonal and day-of-week traffic patterns exhibit consistency from one year to the next, the seasonal and day-of-week factors were compared across all five years. Using the Kruskal-Wallis test, it was determined that the seasonal and day-of-week factors...

Liggett, Lindsay Elizabeth

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

262

Measurement and Interpretation of Voice Traffic on the Internet N. F. Maxemchuk S. Lo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurement and Interpretation of Voice Traffic on the Internet N. F. Maxemchuk S. Lo AT&T Labs ­ Research Lucent Tech. ­ Bell labs ABSTRACT The Internet is being used to carry voice conversations describe the results of a set of measurements on intrastate, cross country, and international Internet

Maxemchuk, Nicholas F.

263

A Prototype System for Real Time Computer Animation of Slow Traffic in a Driving Simulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands Tel. +31­50­3633931; Fax +31 Center, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 69, 9750 AB Haren, The Netherlands Tel. +31­50­3636764; Fax +31­50­363784; Email wolff@trc.rug.nl Abstract The Traffic Research Centre (TRC) of the University of Groningen

Roerdink, Jos B.T.M.

264

Exploring Behavioral Patterns Through Entropy in Multimedia Peer-to-Peer Traffic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......its source, i.e. near the terminal device generating the traffic (which embraces...with routers, gateways and other local devices). Figure 1 depicts the distribution...first captured a set of traces from hosts listening a few audio streaming sessions using different......

Joo V. Gomes; Pedro R.M. Incio; Manuela Pereira; Mrio M. Freire; Paulo P. Monteiro

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Development and implementation of algorithms used in ground and internet traffic monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The development and real-time implementation of a new algorithm that filters out erroneous data from the ILDs is the focus of the first half of this thesis. The developed algorithm is based solely on vehicle kinematics and is implemented in real-time. Traffic data...

Ametha, Jayesh

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

266

Facilitation of visual pattern recognition by extraction of relevant features from microscopic traffic data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

feature space; this is done to minimize the experimental set to a matrix of desirable attributes from the vehicles on the roadway. The application is to identify if this data can be readily parsed into four distinct traffic states; in this case, the state...

Fields, Matthew James

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

267

Marginal costs of freeway traffic congestion with on-road pollution exposure externality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traffic congestion On-road In-vehicle Pollution exposure Vehicle emissions a b s t r a c t The health cost improvements. When considering distinct vehicle classes, inclusion of on-road exposure costs greatly increases heavy-duty vehicle marginal costs because of their higher emissions rates and greater roadway capacity

Bertini, Robert L.

268

Multi-step-ahead prediction of MPEG-coded video source traffic using empirical modeling techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the near future, multimedia will form the majority of Internet traffic and the most popular standard used to transport and view video is MPEG. The MPEG media content data is in the form of a time-series representing frame/VOP sizes. This time...

Gupta, Deepanker

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

269

Determination of traffic responsive plan selection factors and thresholds using artificial neural networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

time independent variation in traffic volumes. It can also reduce the effect of timing plan aging. Despite these advantages, TRPS mode is not used as frequently as TOD mode. The reason being a lack of methodologies and formal guidelines for predicting...

Sharma, Anuj

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

EFFICIENT VEHICLE TRACKING AND CLASSIFICATION FOR AN AUTOMATED TRAFFIC SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

surveillance system needs to detect vehicles and classify them if possible. Generating vehicle trajectoriesEFFICIENT VEHICLE TRACKING AND CLASSIFICATION FOR AN AUTOMATED TRAFFIC SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM Amol to detect the pose of a vehicle in the 3D world. This information is used in a model-based vehicle detection

Nicolescu, Mircea

271

Field monitoring and modeling of pavement response and service life consumption due to overweight truck traffic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A number of pavement structures experience deterioration due to high traffic volume and growing weights. Recently, the Texas Legislatures passed bills allowing trucks of gross vehicle weight (GVW) up to 556 kN routinely to use a route in south Texas...

Oh, Jeong-Ho

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

272

A Hamilton-Jacobi approach to junction problems and application to traffic flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Hamilton-Jacobi approach to junction problems and application to traffic flows C. Imbert , R of a model case of first order Hamilton-Jacobi equations posed on a "junction", that is to say the union of such problems. Keywords: Hamilton-Jacobi equations, discontinuous Hamiltonians, viscosity solutions, optimal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

273

Hiding Traffic with Camouflage: Minimizing Message Delay in the Smart Grid under Jamming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hiding Traffic with Camouflage: Minimizing Message Delay in the Smart Grid under Jamming Zhuo Lu}@ncsu.edu Email: cliff.wang@us.army.mil Abstract--The smart grid is an emerging cyber-physical system that integrates power infrastructures with information technolo- gies. In the smart grid, wireless networks have

Wang, Wenye

274

Autonomous driving manoeuvres in urban road traffic environment: a study on roundabouts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Autonomous driving manoeuvres in urban road traffic environment: a study on roundabouts Pérez of this evolution or they are still in the development stage. Autonomous vehicle performance on roundabouts is one implementation in real vehicles. Keywords: Lane keeping, autonomous vehicles, roundabouts, digital map

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

275

Dynamic Rate and Power Allocation in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks with Elastic and Inelastic Traffic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we focus on the problem of dynamic rate and power allocation in wireless ad hoc networks with slow-fading channels, where a mixture of elastic and inelastic traffic is supported. A stochastic optimization problem incorporating the quality ... Keywords: Dynamic resource allocation, Elastic flows, Inelastic flows, Particle swarm optimization (PSO), QoS requirements, Stochastic duality theory

Fei Wang; Xiaofeng Liao; Songtao Guo; Hongyu Huang; Tingwen Huang

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Combined Intra- and Inter-domain Traffic Engineering using Hot-Potato Aware Link Weights Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A well-known approach to intradomain traffic engineering consists in finding the set of link weights that minimizes a network-wide objective function for a given intradomain traffic matrix. This approach is inadequate because it ignores a potential impact on interdomain routing. Indeed, the resulting set of link weights may trigger BGP to change the BGP next hop for some destination prefixes, to enforce hot-potato routing policies. In turn, this results in changes in the intradomain traffic matrix that have not been anticipated by the link weights optimizer, possibly leading to degraded network performance. We propose a BGP-aware link weights optimization method that takes these effects into account, and even turns them into an advantage. This method uses the interdomain traffic matrix and other available BGP data, to extend the intradomain topology with external virtual nodes and links, on which all the well-tuned heuristics of a classical link weights optimizer can be applied. A key innovative asset of our ...

Balon, Simon

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

HTTP TRAFFIC SIMULATION AND EVALUATION FOR MULTIPLE USERS IN AN INTRANET NETWORK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"friendly" environment. In our application we use a mechanism exploiting Intranet technology to stressHTTP TRAFFIC SIMULATION AND EVALUATION FOR MULTIPLE USERS IN AN INTRANET NETWORK Elias Aravantinos Christos Bouras Petros Ganos Panagiotis Kokkinos Research Academic Computer Technology Institute Computer

Bouras, Christos

278

VTrack: Accurate, Energy-Aware Road Traffic Delay Estimation Using Mobile Phones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for travel time estimation using this sensor data that addresses two key challenges: energy consumptionVTrack: Accurate, Energy-Aware Road Traffic Delay Estimation Using Mobile Phones Arvind Thiagarajan the bat- tery quickly. In these cases, VTrack can use alternative, less energy-hungry but noisier sensors

Gummadi, Ramakrishna

279

A multi-level approach to the integration of traffic data within GIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A multi-level approach to the integration of traffic data within GIS Kalin Penev, Christophe systems are designed and used in many application fields. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) have now challenges for GIS is to generate a corporate resource whose full potential will be achieved by making

Bargiela, Andrzej

280

A GIS-based Bayesian approach for analyzing spatial-temporal patterns of traffic crashes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis develops a GIS-based Bayesian approach for area-wide traffic crash analysis. Five years of crash data from Houston, Texas, are analyzed using a geographic information system (GIS), and spatial-temporal patterns of relative crash risk...

Li, Linhua

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Rate-distortion analysis and traffic modeling of scalable video coders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performance for video transmission based on the characteristics of existing video traffic. Rate-distortion (R-D) based schemes are often applied to improve and stabilize video quality; however, the lack of R-D modeling of scalable coders limits...

Dai, Min

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

282

Air Pollution from Traffic and Risk for Lung Cancer in Three Danish Cohorts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the present study focused on vehicle traffic emissions, which is...time trends, supported by ecological correlations between the incidence...rates of adenocarcinomas and vehicle densities at county area level...and their relation to motor vehicle density. Cancer Epidemiol...

Ole Raaschou-Nielsen; Helle Bak; Mette Srensen; Steen Solvang Jensen; Matthias Ketzel; Martin Hvidberg; Peter Schnohr; Anne Tjnneland; Kim Overvad; and Steffen Loft

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Robust Network Monitoring in the presence of Non-Cooperative Traffic Queries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Universitat Polit`ecnica de Catalunya (UPC), Campus Nord, Edif. D6, C. Jordi Girona, 1-3, 08034 Barcelona 1 Introduction The ability to extract detailed information from live traffic streams is critical as well as the types of computations, usually unknown in advance, to be performed on the packet streams

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

284

Exploring Behavioral Patterns Through Entropy in Multimedia Peer-to-Peer Traffic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......value of xi: H(x) = - ni =1 p(xi) ln p(xi). (1) For any finite number n...USA. [22] Li, B., Ma, M. and Jin, Z. (2011) A VoIP traffic identification...Enterprise (WETICE 2005), Link ping, Sweden, June, pp. 172177. IEEE......

Joo V. Gomes; Pedro R.M. Incio; Manuela Pereira; Mrio M. Freire; Paulo P. Monteiro

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Influence of vehide traffic reduction in a town centre on BTX polhition Isabelle ZDANEVITCH a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

et Pollution de l'Air", Avignon : France (2000)" #12;1. Objectives It seems obvious that with limited centres. According to that scheine, WERIS, m association wifh the local Air Qualily Moniforing Nefwork A1 clearly indicates traffic äs the main source of atmospheric pollution. Measured benzene levels over the 3

Boyer, Edmond

286

The Stiff Is Moving---Conjugate Direction Frank-Wolfe Methods with Applications to Traffic Assignment*  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present versions of the Frank-Wolfe method for linearly constrained convex programs, in which consecutive search directions are made conjugate. Preliminary computational studies in a MATLAB environment applying pure Frank-Wolfe, conjugate direction ... Keywords: conjugate directions, multicommodity flow, traffic assignment

Maria Mitradjieva; Per Olov Lindberg

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Distributed Scheduling for Air Traffic Throughput Maximization During the Terminal Phase of Flight  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a few large scale tests of systems developed based on the Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) information. ADS-B, a crucial component of NextGen, relays highly accurate traffic information computes and displays a recommended aircraft velocity such that a safe distance is maintained

Egerstedt, Magnus

288

Merging Traffic to Save Energy in the Enterprise Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

replace the high port density switches. The energy savings from such a redesign are significant with switches having far fewer ports. This automatically reduces energy use in both the chassis as wellMerging Traffic to Save Energy in the Enterprise Candy Yiu Department of Computer Science Portland

Singh, Suresh

289

Examining the application of conway-maxwell-poisson models for analyzing traffic crash data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

under-dispersed crash data. The primary objective of this research is to evaluate the performance of the Conway-Maxwell-Poisson (COM-Poisson) model for various situations and to examine its application for analyzing traffic crash datasets exhibiting over...

Geedipally, Srinivas Reddy

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

290

Performance Evaluation of Adaptive Ramp-Metering Algorithms Using Microscopic Traffic Simulation Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to implementation on the target freeway network. In this paper, a capability-enhanced PARAMICS simulation model has evaluation; Simulation models; Algorithms. Introduction Ramp metering has been recognized as an effectivePerformance Evaluation of Adaptive Ramp-Metering Algorithms Using Microscopic Traffic Simulation

Levinson, David M.

291

Trails, lanes, or traffic: Valuing bicycle facilities with an adaptive stated preference survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trails, lanes, or traffic: Valuing bicycle facilities with an adaptive stated preference survey with side parking to an off-road bicycle trail, with smaller changes associated with less dramatic improvements. ? 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Bicycling; Stated preference; Adaptive stated

Levinson, David M.

292

OPERATIONAL GUIDANCE FOR BICYCLE-SPECIFIC TRAFFIC SIGNALS IN THE UNITED STATES: A REVIEW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPERATIONAL GUIDANCE FOR BICYCLE-SPECIFIC TRAFFIC SIGNALS IN THE UNITED STATES: A REVIEW Interim ........................................................................................................... 2 2.1.1 Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities (AASHTO, 1999).....................................................................................3 2.1.3 Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities (AASHTO, 2012

Bertini, Robert L.

293

Terms and Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Terms and Conditions Terms and Conditions Terms and Conditions As a premier national research and development laboratory, LANL seeks to do business with qualified companies that offer value and high quality products and services. Contact Small Business Office (505) 667-4419 Email Use information below as guideline to doing business An "Appendix SFA-1" contains FAR and DEAR Clauses that are incorporated by reference into a particular subcontract. "Exhibit A General Conditions" are the general terms and conditions applicable to a particular subcontract. Note: The contents of the SFA-1 and Exhibit A (below) are not the only terms and conditions that will be in a LANS subcontract but represent the terms that generally do not change in a particular type of procurement. The

294

Modular Traffic Sign Recognition applied to on-vehicle real-time visual detection of American and European speed limit signs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new modular traffic signs recognition system, successfully applied to both American and European speed limit signs. Our sign detection step is based only on shape-detection (rectangles or circles). This enables it to work on grayscale images, contrary to most European competitors, which eases robustness to illumination conditions (notably night operation). Speed sign candidates are classified (or rejected) by segmenting potential digits inside them (which is rather original and has several advantages), and then applying a neural digit recognition. The global detection rate is ~90% for both (standard) U.S. and E.U. speed signs, with a misclassification rate 150 minutes of video. The system processes in real-time ~20 frames/s on a standard high-end laptop.

Moutarde, Fabien; Herbin, Anne; Chanussot, Lowik

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Terms and Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Testbed Results Current Testbed Research Proposal Process Terms and Conditions Dark Fiber Testbed Performance (perfSONAR) Software & Tools Development Partnerships...

296

Running Boundary Condition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we argue that boundary condition may run with energy scale. As an illustrative example, we consider one-dimensional quantum mechanics for a spinless particle that freely propagates in the bulk yet interacts only at the origin. In this setting we find the renormalization group flow of U(2) family of boundary conditions exactly. We show that the well-known scale-independent subfamily of boundary conditions are realized as fixed points. We also discuss the duality between two distinct boundary conditions from the renormalization group point of view. Generalizations to conformal mechanics and quantum graph are also discussed.

Ohya, Satoshi; Tachibana, Motoi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Running Boundary Condition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we argue that boundary condition may run with energy scale. As an illustrative example, we consider one-dimensional quantum mechanics for a spinless particle that freely propagates in the bulk yet interacts only at the origin. In this setting we find the renormalization group flow of U(2) family of boundary conditions exactly. We show that the well-known scale-independent subfamily of boundary conditions are realized as fixed points. We also discuss the duality between two distinct boundary conditions from the renormalization group point of view. Generalizations to conformal mechanics and quantum graph are also discussed.

Satoshi Ohya; Makoto Sakamoto; Motoi Tachibana

2010-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

298

U-259: RSA BSAFE SSL-C Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic and SSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

259: RSA BSAFE SSL-C Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic 259: RSA BSAFE SSL-C Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic and SSL Buffer Overflow Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code U-259: RSA BSAFE SSL-C Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic and SSL Buffer Overflow Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code September 13, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: RSA BSAFE SSL-C Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic and SSL Buffer Overflow Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code PLATFORM: RSA BSAFE SSL-C prior to 2.8.6 ABSTRACT: RSA BSAFE SSL-C Multiple Vulnerabilities reference LINKS: Secunia Advisory SA50601 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027514 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027513 CVE-2011-3389 CVE-2012-2110 CVE-2012-2131 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: EMC has acknowledged a weakness and a vulnerability in RSA BSAFE, which can

299

Dynamic Scheduling of a Parallel Server System in Heavy Traffic with Complete Resource Pooling: Asymptotic Optimality of a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as the optimal cost in the Brownian control problem. Short title: Dynamic Scheduling of Parallel Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.3 Scheduling Control and Performance Measures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7Dynamic Scheduling of a Parallel Server System in Heavy Traffic with Complete Resource Pooling

300

The use of a simple cellular automata model as a testbed for kinetic theories of vehicular traffic flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The broad objective of this thesis is to explore the potential for the use of Cellular Automata (CA) models to provide a testbed for comparison of different kinetic models of vehicular traffic. We intend to develop a quantitative technique...

Raney, Bryan Keith

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Behavior-Based Simulation Approach for the Capacity and Traffic Operational Characteristic Study of Four-Way-Stop-Controlled Intersections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of the proposed research is to study the traffic operational characteristics at four-way-stop-controlled (FWSC) intersections with single -lane approaches. Observational data were collected at six FWSC ...

Yin, Juan

2010-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

302

Fact #775: April 15, 2013 Top Ten Urban Areas for Fuel Wasted due to Traffic Congestion, 2011  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The top ten urban areas across the U.S. accounted for nearly 40% of the total fuel wasted due to traffic congestion in 2011. Highway congestion caused vehicles in the combined urban areas of New...

303

Traffic Management Command, ATTN: MT-INFF, 5611 Columbia Pike, Falls  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

/ 'Vol 52,-No. 212. !/- Tuesday; November 3, -1987 1 Notices.- . / 'Vol 52,-No. 212. !/- Tuesday; November 3, -1987 1 Notices.- . . and responsibility of that company. This is not intented to prevent a carrier from interchanging equipment to allow for the through movement of traffic. Master- leases which do not meet the requirements of a long-term lease or that depend on other documentation and/or subleases to be complete are viewed as trip-leases. DATE: Comments must be received on or before 1 January 1988. ADDRESS: Comments should be addressed to: Headquarters, Military Traffic Management Command, ATTN: MT-INFF, 5611 Columbia Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041-5050. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. Ms. Patricia McCormick, HQMTMC 5611 Columbia Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041- 5050, (202] 756-1887. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. Master- leases which do not conform to the

304

Road Transport Elasticity: How Fuel Price Changes can Affect Traffic Demand on a Toll Motorway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The crisis beginning in late 2008 in Greece, and still in progress, led the Greek Government to undertake a particularly harsh program under the joint auspices of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the European Union and the European Central Bank, aimed at restoring the primary budget surplus. The implementation of such a financial program has dramatically increased fuel taxes - about 82% for unleaded and 31% for diesel also producing a serious impact on road traffic demand. Starting from the above framework, this paper describes the main outcomes of a study aimed at identifying, assessing and forecasting the effects of fuel prices and tax changes on traffic flows along a 365km toll motorway corridor project connecting Athens to Tsakona, in the South-West of the Peloponnese.

Antonio Musso; Cristiana Piccioni; Michele Tozzi; Gilles Godard; Alexandre Lapeyre; Kostas Papandreou

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Street-based Topological Representations and Analyses for Predicting Traffic Flow in GIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is well received in the space syntax community that traffic flow is significantly correlated to a morphological property of streets, which are represented by axial lines, forming a so called axial map. The correlation co-efficient (R square value) approaches 0.8 and even a higher value according to the space syntax literature. In this paper, we study the same issue using the Hong Kong street network and the Hong Kong Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT) datasets, and find surprisingly that street-based topological representations (or street-street topologies) tend to be better representations than the axial map. In other words, vehicle flow is correlated to a morphological property of streets better than that of axial lines. Based on the finding, we suggest the street-based topological representations as an alternative GIS representation, and the topological analyses as a new analytical means for geographic knowledge discovery.

Jiang, Bin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Environmental Assessment for Proposed Access Control and Traffic Improvements at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

29 29 Environmental Assessment for Proposed Access Control and Traffic Improvements at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico August 23, 2002 Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Los Alamos Site Office Environmental Assessment for Proposed Access Control and Traffic Improvements at LANL DOE LASO August 23, 2002 iii Contents ACRONYMS AND TERMS ......................................................................................................... VI EXECUTIVE SUMMARY......................................................................................................... VIII 1.0 PURPOSE AND NEED ............................................................................................................

307

The effect of weather and climate on traffic accidents, crime, and mortality in Bryan-College Station, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECT OF WEATHER AND CLIMATE ON TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS, CRIME, AND MORTALITY IN BRYAN-COLLEGE STATION, TEXAS A Thesis by TIMOTHY RICHARD CAMPBELL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Member) (Head of Depa ment) Member) December 1973 ABSTRACT The Effect of Weather and Climate on Traffic Accidents, Crime, and Mortality in Bryan-College Station, Texas. (December 1973) Timothy Richard...

Campbell, Timothy Richard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

308

When Does Aid Conditionality Work?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

institutions may tailor conditions for success because theytailor their conditions for success, and they are especially

Montinola, Gabriella R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Simplified Space Conditioning  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Simplified Space Conditioning Simplified Space Conditioning Duncan Prahl, RA IBACOS, Inc. Building America Technical Update April 29, 2013 Simplified Space Conditioning Rethinking HVAC Design * Traditional Method - Assume envelope losses dictate the load - Room by room load analysis - Pick Equipment and distribute to meet the load in each room * New Method - Consider how the occupants live in the building - Seriously consider internal gains in both heating and cooling - Consider ventilation strategy - Design system Simplified Space Conditioning If you are: * A production builder * Participating in "above code" programs * Following ACCA Manual RS or ASHRAE 55 * Need to prove "delivering heat to each habitable room" * Concerned about litigation * Play it safe, Use Manual J, S & D and condition every

310

ARM - Measurement - Surface condition  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

condition condition ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Surface condition State of the surface, including vegetation, land use, surface type, roughness, and such; often provided in model output. Categories Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments NAV : Navigational Location and Attitude SURFLOG : SGP Surface Conditions Observations by Site Technicians S-TABLE : Stabilized Platform MET : Surface Meteorological Instrumentation

311

Terms and Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Terms and Conditions Terms and Conditions R&D Overview 100G Testbed Testbed Description Testbed Results Current Testbed Research Proposal Process Terms and Conditions Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) Performance (perfSONAR) Tools Development Green Networking Authentication & Trust Federation (ATF) Partnerships Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Terms and Conditions Researchers must provide ESnet copies of any articles, presentations, and publications based on testbed research for posting on the ESnet Testbed web site. All publications based on work conducted on the testbed must include the following statement:

312

IPR Conditions, 25 January 2006 1 Intellectual Property Rights Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IPR Conditions, 25 January 2006 1 Intellectual Property Rights Conditions for Collaborative Research Projects (IPR Conditions) I. GENERAL PRINCIPLES These rules should promote the protection guarantee the protection of the participants' intellectual assets. These IPR Conditions establish rules

De Cindio, Fiorella

313

ECWEBTermsandConditions.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

US DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY US DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ELECTRONIC COMMERCE PROCEDURES, TERMS AND CONDITIONS Version 1.0 May 1, 1998 PROCEDURES What follows prescribes the general procedures and policies to be followed when Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is used for transmitting requests for quote, quotations, purchase orders, or other business information in lieu of creating one or more paper documents normally associated with conducting business with the Government. See the Terms and Conditions section below for a list of the standard FAR (Federal Acquisition Regulation) and DEAR (Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation) clauses and provisions mandated to be included in Government contracting actions. The Terms and Conditions together with any clauses specified in the specific contract transaction,

314

A subnet based approach to reducing traffic in peer-to-peer systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A SUBNET BASED APPROACH TO REDUCING TRAFFIC IN PEER-TO-PEER SYSTEMS A Thesis by JASON ALLAN PATRAO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 2002 Major Subject: Computer Science ABSTRACT A Subnet-based Approach to Reduce Network Traf lie in Large-Scale Peer-to-Peer Systems. (December 2002) Jason Allan Patrao, B. E. , University of Bombay Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr...

Patrao, Jason Allan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

315

A continuous traffic study - estimation of population parameters and the variance of the estimated parameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 32 5. 88 6. 36 1. 68 13 TABLE 3. 2 ESTIMATED TOTAL 'fONS BY CARRiER Carrier Sample Size ToGs Standard Error Coefficient Variation (/) Maximum Variation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 '7 l 22.... 37 14. 71 13. 33 12. 48 18. 62 6. 26 7. 07 l. 72 15 3. 4 Traffic Characteristics for a Group of Carri rs The estimation of totals and estimated variances for a group of carriers is merely an extension of formula 3. 1 and 3. 3. In this case...

Dresser, George Brayton

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Facilitation of visual pattern recognition by extraction of relevant features from microscopic traffic data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The tools created for this approach, a two-level hierarchical group of operators, are used to extract features from the dataset to create a feature space; this is done to minimize the experimental set to a matrix of desirable attributes from the vehicles... on the roadway. The application is to identify if this data can be readily parsed into four distinct traffic states; in this case, the state of a vehicle is defined by its velocity and acceleration at a selected timestamp. A three-dimensional plot is used...

Fields, Matthew James

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

317

WORM: A new open road line source model for low wind speed conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emission from road traffic constitutes one of the most important sources of air pollution in urban areas. This paper describes a newly developed air pollution dispersion model for open roads and highways called WORM (Weak Wind Open Road Model), and give some results using this model at Nordbysletta, Norway, in the period 1 January 200215 April 2002. Generally, a good correspondence was found between observed and model-predicted concentrations of nitrogen oxides (NOx), even in periods with low wind speed and (strongly) stable atmospheric conditions.

S.E. Walker

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Load balancing and adaptive scheduling for data intensive prioritised traffic in multi-radio multi-channel wireless mesh networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent times, wireless technology has emerged as a key technology for many data intensive applications such as Video on Demand (VoD), Voice over IP (VoIP), high speed internet access, video conferencing, etc. All these applications require high data rate so that data can be transmitted to the end users in a prioritised manner. The underlying system that suits these applications better is the Wireless Mesh Network (WMN), because it is a special type of network which is cost effective, resilient and adaptive. To preserve the Quality of Service (QoS) for all these applications, in this paper, we propose a Load Balancing and Adaptive Scheduling (LBAS) algorithm for data intensive prioritised traffic in WMNs. To schedule the incoming traffic, the Available Capacity (AC) and Load Index (LI) of each link is calculated. A new Cost Evaluation Function (CEF) is defined based upon the values of AC and LI. Each traffic flow is also associated with Rate Index (RI) and Delay Estimation (DE). Each link has lower and upper bounds on AC, and as soon as the load on a particular link crosses these bounds, the load is transferred to another link dynamically at run time. Higher priority traffic will be assigned to the link having high value of AC to minimise DE, and simultaneously, a matrix for LI is also constructed. This matrix is used to keep track of the system load at run time, so that scheduling can be done for the incoming traffic in a prioritised manner based upon the values of AC and LI. The performance of the proposed algorithm is evaluated using simulations on ns-2 with respect to various metrics. The results obtained show that the proposed algorithm is quite effective for balancing the load of multiclass traffic flows.

Neeraj Kumar; Naveen Chilamkurti; Jong Hyouk Park; Doo Soon Park

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Fuel gas conditioning process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for conditioning natural gas containing C.sub.3+ hydrocarbons and/or acid gas, so that it can be used as combustion fuel to run gas-powered equipment, including compressors, in the gas field or the gas processing plant. Compared with prior art processes, the invention creates lesser quantities of low-pressure gas per unit volume of fuel gas produced. Optionally, the process can also produce an NGL product.

Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Union City, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

High voltage pulse conditioning  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus for conditioning high voltage pulses from particle accelerators in order to shorten the rise times of the pulses. Flashover switches in the cathode stalk of the transmission line hold off conduction for a determinable period of time, reflecting the early portion of the pulses. Diodes upstream of the switches divert energy into the magnetic and electrostatic storage of the capacitance and inductance inherent to the transmission line until the switches close.

Springfield, Ray M. (Sante Fe, NM); Wheat, Jr., Robert M. (Los Alamos, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Human-System Safety Methods for Development of Advanced Air Traffic Management Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) is supporting the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in the development of advanced air traffic management (ATM) systems as part of the Advanced Air Transportation Technologies program. As part of this program INEEL conducted a survey of human-system safety methods that have been applied to complex technical systems, to identify lessons learned from these applications and provide recommendations for the development of advanced ATM systems. The domains that were surveyed included offshore oil and gas, commercial nuclear power, commercial aviation, and military. The survey showed that widely different approaches are used in these industries, and that the methods used range from very high-level, qualitative approaches to very detailed quantitative methods such as human reliability analysis (HRA) and probabilistic safety assessment (PSA). In addition, the industries varied widely in how effectively they incorporate human-system safety assessment in the design, development, and testing of complex technical systems. In spite of the lack of uniformity in the approaches and methods used, it was found that methods are available that can be combined and adapted to support the development of advanced air traffic management systems.

Nelson, W.R.

1999-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

322

Study of the surface traffic inside the Cluj?Napoca urban agglomeration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The environment's protection is one of the most actual problems because of the fact that pollution is a major danger for planet life. The environment's pollution is caused because some pollution agents are in too large a quantity for a long time and they become dangerous for human health for the flora for the fauna and for the constructions too. The pollution sources can be classified as natural and artificial sources. The quality of the environment from a specific area at a certain time can be determined by: a) the air quality; b) the water quality; c) the soil quality; d) the health level of the population; e) the decrease of animals and plants species that are accounted for. In the paper there are given the urban traffic on the principal routes inside the Cluj?Napoca municipality. The traffic is the constituent part of the research activity of the national project having the destination the monitoring of the noise and vibrations into an urban agglomeration applied to the Cluj ? Napoca town. This study is the first step for the "noise map" asked for by the Romania integration in the European Union for the team researchers of TUCN under the the direction of Dr. Mariana Arghir.

Geamilia Solea; Dan Borza; Mariana Runcan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

1Winter 2010 We have done a lot of things right when it comes to traffic safety in the United States.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

long-range and significant changes. They call this new approach the"Traffic Safety Culture Concept1Winter 2010 We have done a lot of things right when it comes to traffic safety in the United built safer cars and installed roadside safety devices like guardrails and breakaway poles. We even came

324

On the efficient detection of elephant flows in aggregated network traffic Javier Rivillo, Jose-Alberto Hernandez and Iain W. Phillips  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the efficient detection of elephant flows in aggregated network traffic Javier Rivillo, Jos, where usually a few flows carry most of the data. This is commonly refered to as "elephant and mice phenomenon". The performance of the network can be improved detecting the elephant flows and applying traffic

Haddadi, Hamed

325

16/06/09 8:58 AMLatest News : Traffic Technology Today Page 1 of 3http://www.traffictechnologytoday.com/news.php?NewsID=13276  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

16/06/09 8:58 AMLatest News : Traffic Technology Today Page 1 of 3http://www.traffictechnologytoday.com/news.php;16/06/09 8:58 AMLatest News : Traffic Technology Today Page 2 of 3http://www.traffictechnologytoday.com/news.php

Flynn, Morris R.

326

Inferring Invisible Traffic Vineet Bharti1, Pankaj Kankar1, Lokesh Setia1, Gonca Gursun2, Anukool Lakhina1, and Mark Crovella2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inferring Invisible Traffic Vineet Bharti1, Pankaj Kankar1, Lokesh Setia1, Gonca G¨ursun2, Anukool given vantage point in the network, most traffic is invisible. In this paper we describe results solution allows one to infer invisible TM elements. This problem relies crucially on an atomicity property

Crovella, Mark

327

Queueing in Traffic Flows This project studies the effects of vehicle routing on pollution levels. We aim to develop queueing theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

model to predict air pollution in a wider region. These predictions will be tested using remote sensing forecast can then predict how air pollution is affected by this emission. Rerouting Alternative routing can reduce traffic jams and air pollution. Numereous options are available to reroute traffic flows, e

Boucherie, Richard J.

328

In Florida, the bicycle is legally defined as a vehicle. Bicyclists have the same rights to the roadways, and must obey the same traffic laws  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In Florida, the bicycle is legally defined as a vehicle. Bicyclists have the same rights for this respect. TRAFFIC LAW HIGHLIGHTS Bicycle Regulations [316.2065, F.S.] · A bicyclist must obey all traffic controls and signals. · A bicyclist must use a fixed, regular seat for riding. · No bicycle may be used

Slatton, Clint

329

The Interaction between Safety Culture and Degraded Modes: A Survey of National Infrastructures for Air Traffic Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Interaction between Safety Culture and Degraded Modes: A Survey of National Infrastructures into the interaction between safety culture and degraded modes of operation in European Air Traffic Management (ATM of their infrastructure have failed. Safety culture can be simply described as `the way safety is done around here

Johnson, Chris

330

Keeping British Columbia "the best place on Earth": Reducing the carbon footprint of air traffic in British Columbia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). Aviation is not only intricately integrated into the global economy but also one of the most carbon-intensive modes of transportation. Moreover, it is projected to be one of the fastest-growing sources of carbon1 Keeping British Columbia "the best place on Earth": Reducing the carbon footprint of air traffic

Northern British Columbia, University of

331

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 51, NO. 8, AUGUST 2003 2177 Prediction of MPEG-Coded Video Source Traffic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bring forward additional circumstances in which source traffic prediction becomes critical. Efficient of Texas Advanced Technology Program under Grant 512-0025-2001, the U.S. Department of Energy under Grant is with the Department of Computer Engineering, Cairo Univer- sity, Giza, Egypt (e-mail: amiratiya@link.net). Digital

Abu-Mostafa, Yaser S.

332

To BDI, or not to BDI: design choices in an agent-based traffic flow management simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Belief-Desire-Intention (BDI) is a powerful agent paradigm that allows for the development of so-called intelligent agents - agents that can reason and act based on their beliefs and intentions. However, this power often comes at the cost of increased ... Keywords: air traffic control, belief-desire-intent, efficiency

Shawn R. Wolfe; Maarten Sierhuis; Peter A. Jarvis

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Characterisation of Optical Flow Anomalies in Pedestrian Traffic Ernesto L. Andrade, Scott Blunsden and Robert B. Fisher  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characterisation of Optical Flow Anomalies in Pedestrian Traffic Ernesto L. Andrade, Scott Blunsden and Robert B. Fisher School of Informatics, Edinburgh University, UK eaneto@inf.ed.ac.uk, S.J.Blunsden@sms.ed.ac.uk, rbf@inf.ed.ac.uk ABSTRACT ­ This paper applies a video modelling technique to a surveillance scenario

Fisher, Bob

334

Traffic Equilibration: The Case of the Twin Cities Ramp Meter Shut Off David Levinson1and Atif Sheikh2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traffic Equilibration: The Case of the Twin Cities Ramp Meter Shut Off David Levinson1and Atif Sheikh2 Abstract In Fall 2000, more than 430 ramp meters in the Twin Cities metropolitan area were shut down in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the metering system. This shutdown disturbed normal

Levinson, David M.

335

A Belief Propagation Approach to Traffic Prediction using Probe Vehicles Cyril Furtlehner Jean-Marc Lasgouttes Arnaud de La Fortelle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Marc Lasgouttes Arnaud de La Fortelle Abstract-- This paper deals with real-time prediction of traf- fic% GDP cost in the European Union (i.e. more than 100 billions euros), congestion is not only a time and they are virtually non-existent on rural areas. In this context, the EU-funded REACT project developed new traffic

Furtlehner, Cyril

336

Why Doesn't That Traffic Signal Ever Turn Green? An evalua)on of roadway markings for cyclists  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Why Doesn't That Traffic Signal Ever Turn Green? An evalua)on of roadway #12; S. Bussey ­ 11/08/2013 Where would you wait if driving a car Cases Case 3: "Green Backed" Stencil Case 2: Stencil and Sign Case 1: Stencil

Bertini, Robert L.

337

Utility-based Bandwidth Adaptation for Multi-Class Traffic QoS Provisioning in Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utility-based Bandwidth Adaptation for Multi-Class Traffic QoS Provisioning in Wireless Networks of ongoing calls to cope with the network resource fluctuations. In this paper, we propose a utility scheme, each call is assigned a utility function and depending on the network load the bandwidth

Haddadi, Hamed

338

Measurement and Modelling of Self-Similar Traffic in Computer Networks Tony Field, Uli Harder & Peter Harrison1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

switched Ethernet. Self-similar characteristics are seen throughout the network, for example at the compute. Introduction The statistical characteristics of network traffic has been of interest to re- searchers for many interesting as they exposed self-similar characteristics that were not previously commonplace[1, 2

Imperial College, London

339

Manfred W. Kilimann Title: "BEACH domain proteins as a novel molecular principle in subcellular protein traffic and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Manfred W. Kilimann Title: "BEACH domain proteins as a novel molecular principle in subcellular of evoked transmission at the neuromuscular junction, causing perinatal death through breathing paralysis and scarcely explored molecular principle in the orchestration of subcellular protein traffic and in human

Gollisch, Tim

340

Hot-standby for operational MetNet system used by Air Traffic Control (LVNL) at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hot-standby for operational MetNet system used by Air Traffic Control (LVNL) at Amsterdam Airport) patterns and OS abstraction library. Java Applet for remote operation and configuration. In commercial provider. They provide integrated design, build and operate solutions to large multi-national clients

Haak, Hein

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 24, NO. 6, JUNE 2006 2267 Logical Topology Design for Dynamic Traffic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In addition, the number of ports at client nodes has more profound impact on traffic grooming than the number demands from clients at the granularity of wavelength (e.g., see [1], [2], and references therein in part by the U.S. Department of Energy Early Career Award DE-FG02-03ER25580. The work of X. Cao

Cao, Xiaojun (Matt)

342

Traffic operational characteristics at all-way-stop-controlled intersections were investigated by using AWSIM, a microscopic simulation model. The  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by using AWSIM, a microscopic simulation model. The effects of vehicle arrival distribution and traffic- neers for the purpose of design and operational studies. Simulation models provide alternative means for transportation studies when analytical models cannot provide satisfactory solutions. Although several simulation

Tian, Zong Z.

343

A trade-off analysis between penetration rate and sampling frequency of mobile sensors in traffic state estimation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The rapid-growth of smartphones with embedded navigation systems such as GPS modules provides new ways of monitoring traffic. These devices can register and send a great amount of traffic related data, which can be used for traffic state estimation. In such a case, the amount of data collected depends on two variables: the penetration rate of devices in traffic flow (P) and their data sampling frequency (z). Referring to data composition as the way certain number of observations is collected, in terms of P and z, we need to understand the relation between the amount and composition of data collected, and the accuracy achieved in traffic state estimation. This was accomplished through an in-depth analysis of two datasets of vehicle trajectories on freeways. The first dataset consists of trajectories over a real freeway, while the second dataset is obtained through microsimulation. Hypothetical scenarios of data sent by equipped vehicles were created, based on the composition of data collected. Different values of P and z were used, and each unique combination defined a specific scenario. Traffic states were estimated through two simple methods, and a more advanced one that incorporates traffic flow theory. A measure to quantify data to be collected was proposed, based on travel time, number of vehicles, penetration rate and sampling frequency. The error was below 6% for every scenario in each dataset. Also, increasing data reduced variability in data count estimation. The performance of the different estimation methods varied through each dataset and scenario. Since the same number of observations can be gathered with different combinations of P and z, the effect of data composition was analyzed (a trade-off between penetration rate and sampling frequency). Different situations were found. In some, an increase in penetration rate is more effective to reduce estimation error than an increase in sampling frequency, considering an equal increase in observations. In other areas, the opposite relationship was found. Between these areas, an indifference curve was found. In fact, this curve is the solution to the optimization problem of minimizing the error given any fixed number of observations. As a general result, increasing sampling frequency (penetration rate) is more beneficial when the current sampling frequency (penetration rate) is low, independent of the penetration rate (sampling frequency).

Christopher Bucknell; Juan C. Herrera

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

DOE-STD-1155-2002; Transportation and Traffic Management Functional Area Qualification  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE-STD-1155-2002 September 2002 DOE STANDARD TRANSPORTATION AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONAL AREA QUALIFICATION STANDARD DOE Defense Nuclear Facilities Technical Personnel U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-STD-1155-2002 This document has been reproduced from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000. DOE-STD-1155-2002 i APPROVAL

345

Integration and road tests of a self-sensing CNT concrete pavement system for traffic detection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a self-sensing carbon nanotube (CNT) concrete pavement system for traffic detection is proposed and tested in a roadway. Pre-cast and cast-in-place self-sensing CNT concrete sensors were simultaneously integrated into a controlled pavement test section at the Minnesota Road Research Facility (MnROAD), USA. Road tests of the system were conducted by using an MnROAD five-axle semi-trailer tractor truck and a van, respectively, both in the winter and summer. Test results show that the proposed self-sensing pavement system can accurately detect the passing of different vehicles under different vehicular speeds and test environments. These findings indicate that the developed self-sensing CNT concrete pavement system can achieve real-time vehicle flow detection with a high detection rate and a low false-alarm rate.

Baoguo Han; Kun Zhang; Tom Burnham; Eil Kwon; Xun Yu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Dynamic modelling of transient emissions and concentrations from traffic in street canyons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the EU 5th framework project DECADE (2001??2003), a new methodology has been developed to calculate in detail the engine power required to drive a given vehicle over any particular route. It includes the rapidly changing (transient) demands placed on the engine, an area that has proved an obstacle to accurate simulations in the past. Together with the associated speed profiles, the actual power demands allow a detailed calculation of emissions and ambient air concentrations in street canyons. This makes the methodology a valuable tool for detailed assessments of the ambient air quality impact of e.g., street design (traffic lights, road bumps, busy crossings), driving patterns, driving behaviour and fleet composition.

Clemens Mensink; Guido Cosemans; Luc Pelkmans

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Transport growth in Bangkok: Energy, environment, and traffic congestion. Workshop proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, is a physically and economically complexcity with a complicated transport system. With daily traffic congestion averaging 16 hours, the air quality is such that to breathe street level pollution for 8 eight hours is roughly equivalent to smoking nine cigarettes per day. Estimates suggest idling traffic costs up to $1.6 billion annually. Energy use within the transport sector is on a steady rise with an estimated increase in 11 years of two and one half times. Severe health impacts have begun to effect many residents - young children and the elderly being particularly vulnerable. Bangkok`s air quality and congestion problems are far from hopeless. Great potential exists for Bangkok to remedy its transport-related problems. The city has many necessary characteristics that allow an efficient, economical system of transport. For example, its high density level makes the city a prime candidate for an efficient system of mass transit and the multitude and close proximity of shops, street vendors, restaurants, and residential areas is highly conducive to walking and cycling. Technical knowledge and capacity to devise and implement innovative policies and projects to address air quality and congestion problems is plentiful. There is also consensus among Bangkokians that something needs to be done immediately to clear the air and the roads. However, little has been done. This report proposes a new approach to transport planning for Bangkok that integrates consideration of ecological, social, and financial viability in the process of making decisions regarding managing existing infrastructure and investments in new infrastructure. Selected papers have been indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

Philpott, J. [Asia Regional Office, Bangkok (Thailand)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Energy Harvesting Implementing Embedded Piezoelectric Generators The Potential for the Attiki Odos Traffic Grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The purpose of this research is to analyze and present the benefits of the exploitation of a piezoelectric generator (PEG) energy harvesting system as well as to study and identify its usage in Attiki Odos Highway traffic grid for energy generation and storage purposes. The research is focused initially on the study of the available technology and evaluation of the produced energy, if this technology is used at specific sites on Greek roads. For this purpose, based on experiments and taking into account the scientific experience of foreign countries where this technology has been tested, final propositions will be made on how and where to exploit this new technology. For the purposes of the study, strategically selected urban areas are used, where steadily heavy traffic load is present. Taking into account statistical data concerning the mobility of vehicles (vehicle per hour rates) in various urban areas in Attiki Odos Highway, and the scientific experience of foreign countries in similar PEG applications, calculations in order to estimate the electric energy that could be produced if piezoelectric generators were embedded in the asphalt are performed using the simulation tool of IPEGTM. Major factors in this process are: The length of the road used for the implementation of this technology The number of vehicles per hour passing from the specific under study area The kWh of electric energy that can be produced by implementing the piezoelectric generators energy harvesting systems of the specific under study area Calculations and an assessment of the potential electric energy generated in these urban areas will also be presented in this research providing very useful results for an early implementation of this technology.

A. Kokkinopoulos; G. Vokas; P. Papageorgas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Semiclassical energy conditions and wormholes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the nonlinear energy conditions and their quantum extensions. These new energy conditions behave much better than the usual pointwise energy conditions in the presence of semiclassical quantum effects. Analogous quantum extensions for the linear energy conditions are not always satisfied as one enters the quantum realm, but they can be used to constrain the violation of the classical conditions. Thus, the existence of wormholes supported by a fluid which violates the null energy condition in a controlled way is of particular interest.

Martin-Moruno, Prado

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Semiclassical energy conditions and wormholes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the nonlinear energy conditions and their quantum extensions. These new energy conditions behave much better than the usual pointwise energy conditions in the presence of semiclassical quantum effects. Analogous quantum extensions for the linear energy conditions are not always satisfied as one enters the quantum realm, but they can be used to constrain the violation of the classical conditions. Thus, the existence of wormholes supported by a fluid which violates the null energy condition in a controlled way is of particular interest.

Prado Martin-Moruno

2014-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

351

Determination of the Presence Conditions of Pavement Markings using Image Processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pavement markings, as a form of traffic control devices, play a crucial role in safely guiding drivers. Restriping pavement markings is an important task in the maintenance of traffic control devices. Every year state agencies spend a lot of money...

Ge, Hancheng

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

352

Solar Heating and Air Conditioning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...given of the status of solar fired air conditioning...to an approach to cool storage in solar air conditioning systems...an assessment of cool storage for reducing peak electrical...rolling cylinder thermal energy storage device for compact...

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Lessons from Loscoe: the uncontrolled migration of landfill gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...was considered of fundamental importance in determining...making the situation safe, even though in...with coal mining operations. In 1983 smells...central heating boiler had been ignited...different landfill operation and completion scenarios...how to improve the operation and engineering...

G. M. Williams; N. Aitkenhead

354

UNCONTROLLED SEIZURES AND BONE HEALTH AMONG ADULT EPILEPSY PATIENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-inducing AEDs (EIAEDs: none, 0%-50%, more than 50%); proportion of high-dose of AEDs (high-dose defined as utilization of AED dose higher than the one listed in the ATC/DDD 48: none, 0%- 50%, more than 50%) were tested by Chi Square test or Fisher exact test..., number of treatment AEDs, proportion of high-dose AEDs, and history of fractures. A 7 statistically significant difference was found in seizure status, gender, therapeutic category (monotherapy vs. polytherapy), VNS use, and proportion of EIAEDs...

Yamada, Mikiko

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

355

DISCLAIMER : UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED - PLEASE CHECK THE STATUS...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

organisation conducting these activities should have an ITER approved QA Program or an ISO 9001 accredited quality system. The general requirements are detailed in ITER document...

356

Hidden and Uncontrolled On the Emergence of Network Steganographic Threats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Network steganography is the art of hiding secret information within innocent network transmissions. Recent findings indicate that novel malware is increasingly using network steganography. Similarly, other ma...

Steffen Wendzel; Wojciech Mazurczyk

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

DISCLAIMER : UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED - PLEASE CHECK THE STATUS...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

& Remote Handling framework contract. Approval Process Name Action Affiliation Author Hamilton D. 15 Dec 2014:signed IODGDIPPSEPEDRH Co-Authors Reviewers Brown A. Lazarov D....

358

DISCLAIMER : UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED - PLEASE CHECK THE STATUS...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MAI Machine Assembly and Installation (Section) MQP Management and Quality Program NDE Non-Destructive test and Examination PIA Protection Important Activity PIC Protection...

359

DISCLAIMER : UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED - PLEASE CHECK THE STATUS...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page 10 of 10 HVPS High Voltage Power Supply I&C Instrumentation and Control IC H&CD Ion Cyclotron Heating & Current Drive IC-PSC IC H&CD Plant System Controller IDM ITER Document...

360

Energy conditions and their implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy conditions and their implications Matt Visser Physics Department Washington University Saint;#16;s (Los Alamos) Midwest Relativity 9 November 1999. #12; Abstract: The energy conditions of general- itational #12;elds and cosmological geometries. However, the energy conditions are beginning to look a lot

Visser, Matt

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

A method for the prediction of future driving conditions and for the energy management optimisation of a hybrid electric vehicle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vehicular communications are expected to enable the development of Intelligent Cooperative Systems for solving crucial problems related to mobility: road safety, traffic management etc. Information and Communication Technologies could also play an important role in order to optimise the energy management of conventional, hybrid and electrical vehicles and, thus, to reduce their environment impact. In particular, vehicular communications could be used to predict driving conditions with the objective to determine future load power demand. An adaptive energy management strategy for series Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) based on genetic algorithm optimised maps and the Simulation of Urban Mobility (SUMO) predictor is presented here.

Teresa Donateo; Damiano Pacella; Domenico Laforgia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Geographic and Demographic Patterns of Alcohol-Related Fatal Traffic Crashes: A Spatial-Temporal Analysis in Texas, 1996-2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

amount of datasets using techniques that were previously difficult or inaccessible in applications related to traffic safety and transportation. Loose-coupling of GIS with other spatial analysis programs and/or statistical software packages can now...

Rolland, Gabriel A.

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

363

Traffic-related air pollution and risk of preterm birth in the San Joaquin Valley of California  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractPurpose To evaluate associations between traffic-related air pollution during pregnancy and preterm birth in births in four counties in California during years 2000 to 2006. Methods We used logistic regression to examine the association between the highest quartile of ambient air pollutants (carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter pollutant during the second trimester and the end of pregnancy (adjusted OR, 1.42.8). Associations were stronger among mothers living in low SES neighborhoods (adjusted OR, 2.14.3). We observed exposureresponse associations for multiple pollutant exposures and early preterm birth. Inverse associations during the first trimester were observed. Conclusions The results confirm associations between traffic-related air pollution and prematurity, particularly among very early preterm births and low SES neighborhoods.

Amy M. Padula; Kathleen M. Mortimer; Ira B. Tager; S. Katharine Hammond; Frederick W. Lurmann; Wei Yang; David K. Stevenson; Gary M. Shaw

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

"Cumulated Vehicle Acceleration": An Attribute of GPS Probe Vehicle Traces for On-Line Assessment of Vehicle Fuel Consumption in Traffic and Transportation Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To perform a reliable on-line assessment of fuel consumption in vehicles, we introduce "cumulated vehicle acceleration" as an attribute of GPS probe vehicle traces. The objective of the calculation of the attribute "cumulated vehicle acceleration" in the GPS probe vehicle data is to perform a reliable on-line dynamic traffic assignment for the reduction of vehicle consumption in traffic and transportation networks.

Kerner, Boris S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

LFS Exhibit B Special Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

B (Rev. 9, 12/13/12) Exhibit B Special Conditions B (Rev. 9, 12/13/12) Exhibit B Special Conditions Dated 5-20-13 Subcontract No. 241314 Page 1 of 11 EXHIBIT "B" SPECIAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS SC Title Page SC-2 AUTHORITY OF PERSONNEL (Apr 2012) ............................................................................... 2 SC-3A COMMENCEMENT, PROGRESS AND COMPLETION OF THE WORK (Jun 2009 - Deviation) ................................................................................................................................... 3 SC-10B INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS (Jan 2010) ............................................................................. 3 SC-11B INVOICING AND PAYMENT (Mar 2012) .................................................................................. 5

366

CPFFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 20 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

367

EFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 26 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2 AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Apr 2013) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

368

EFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 39 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2 AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Apr 2013) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

369

AES Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 18 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

370

SFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 16 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

371

SFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 29 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

372

Extremality conditions for generalized channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A generalized channel is a completely positive map that preserves trace on a given subspace. We find conditions under which a generalized channel with respect to a positively generated subspace J is an extreme point in the set of all such generalized channels. As a special case, this yields extremality conditions for quantum protocols. In particular, we obtain new extremality conditions for quantum 1-testers with 2 outcomes, which correspond to yes/no measurements on the set of quantum channels.

Anna Jencova

2012-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

373

Subsidiary Conditions in Covariant Theories  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have investigated the effect that coordinate conditions and similar conditions will have on the formal properties of covariant theories. Two distinct types of coordinate conditions were included, those involving first derivatives of the field variables (such as the gauge condition of Lorentz and the coordinate conditions of De Donder) and those algebraic in the field variables (of which the Coulomb gauge is an example).We have found that with either type of coordinate condition we can construct a variational principle, or a Hamiltonian formalism, which leads to physically meaningful field equations if associated with appropriate initial conditions on a space-like hypersurface. Thus the existence of a properly set Cauchy problem is always assured.It had been found previously that the infinitesimal invariant transformations of covariant theories form a group and that the coordinate (and similar) transformations represent a normal subgroup. The members of the resulting factor group are in one-to-one correspondence with the true observables of the theory, those dynamical variables which alone possess intrinsic significance without reference to a particular frame of description and whose commutator algebra is presumably reflected in the commutators of the corresponding Hilbert operators of the quantized theory. In this paper we have established the appropriate transformation groups (and their subgroups and factor groups) of a theory with either type of coordinate conditions. We have found that in any of these versions the theory will yield the same observables with the same commutator algebra. One may therefore hope that a quantization scheme based on a theory with subsidiary conditions will be free of the arbitrariness involved in the choice of particular conditions.

Peter G. Bergmann and Allen I. Janis

1958-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

374

Importance of Design Conditions for Sizing Air-Conditioning Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design conditions based on the meteorological data collected at two weather stations located less than 10 km away from each other within Kuwait City are presented for dry-bulb temperature (DBT) and web-bulb temperature (WBT) prioritization...

Shaban, N.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Suri, R. K.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Fuzzy Systems for Condition Monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The chapter presents the application of Fuzzy Set Theory (FST) and fuzzy ARTMAP (Adaptive Resonance Theory Mapping) to diagnose the condition of high voltage bushings. The diagnosis uses Dissolved Gas Analysis...

Tshilidzi Marwala

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Natural Air-Conditioning Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent research in summer air conditioning utilizing natural sources of coolness* are discussed. These systems are classified according to the sources of coolness, the modes of heat transfer and airflow, and t...

Mehdi N. Bahadori

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Spectral conditions for positive maps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide a partial classification of positive linear maps in matrix algebras which is based on a family of spectral conditions. This construction generalizes celebrated Choi example of a map which is positive but not completely positive. It is shown how the spectral conditions enable one to construct linear maps on tensor products of matrix algebras which are positive but only on a convex subset of separable elements. Such maps provide basic tools to study quantum entanglement in multipartite systems.

Dariusz Chruscinski; Andrzej Kossakowski

2008-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

378

Subsidiary Condition in Quantum Electrodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The subsidiary condition ?A?(+)?x?|n?=0, usually known as the "Gupta-Bleuler" condition, is shown to be inadequate as a criterion for defining physical states in quantum electrodynamics in the Lorentz gauge. The condition is shown not to be covariant and to fail to define state vectors that remain in the physical subspace. An alternative subsidiary condition, which is satisfactory, is discussed and is shown to require an extensively different formulation of the collision problem in quantum electrodynamics. Some possible physical consequences of the inadequacy of ?A?(+)?x?|n?=0 are proposed; these include effects in the decays of short-lived particles, and the fact that in some types of strong interactions, acting simultaneously with electromagnetic ones, S-matrix elements may occur which predict transitions from the physical space into the part of space in which the subsidiary condition is violated. The solution to the collision problem for stable charged particles that have only electromagnetic interactions is shown to be identical to that obtainable from the present theory.

Kurt Haller and Leon F. Landovitz

1968-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

379

Range Condition: Key to Sustained Ranch Productivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Range condition, or a rangeland's "state of health," is an ecological measurement of the current condition of a range. Range condition is evaluated by the plant species composition. This leaflet explains the importance of range condition, how range...

McGinty, Allan; White, Larry D.

2000-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

380

Air Conditioning | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Conditioning Conditioning Air Conditioning July 1, 2012 - 6:28pm Addthis Air conditioners cost U.S. homeowners more than $11 billion each year, and regular maintenance can keep your air conditioner running efficiently. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/JaniceRichard Air conditioners cost U.S. homeowners more than $11 billion each year, and regular maintenance can keep your air conditioner running efficiently. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/JaniceRichard How does it work? An air conditioner uses energy -- usually electricity -- to transfer heat from the interior of your home to the relatively warm outside environment. Two-thirds of all homes in the United States have air conditioners. Air conditioners use about 5% of all the electricity produced in the United States, at an annual cost of more than $11 billion to homeowners. As a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Conditions for successful data assimilation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show, using idealized models, that numerical data assimilation can be successful only if an effective dimension of the problem is not excessive. This effective dimension depends on the noise in the model and the data, and in physically reasonable problems it can be moderate even when the number of variables is huge. We then analyze several data assimilation algorithms, including particle filters and variational methods. We show that well-designed particle filters can solve most of those data assimilation problems that can be solved in principle, and compare the conditions under which variational methods can succeed to the conditions required of particle filters. We also discuss the limitations of our analysis.

Alexandre J. Chorin; Matthias Morzfeld

2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

382

Extreme Conditions Modeling Workshop Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) hosted the Wave Energy Converter (WEC) Extreme Conditions Modeling (ECM) Workshop in Albuquerque, NM on May 13th-14th, 2014. The objective of the workshop was to review the current state of knowledge on how to model WECs in extreme conditions (e.g. hurricanes and other large storms) and to suggest how U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and national laboratory resources could be used to improve ECM methods for the benefit of the wave energy industry.

Coe, R. G.; Neary, V. S.; Lawson, M. J.; Yu, Y.; Weber, J.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Comparison of detection threshold measurements and modeling for approaching electric cars and conventional cars presented in traffic and pink noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the difference in audibility of an approaching conventional car with internal combustion engine and an electric car at various velocities. The goal was to compare the risk that pedestrians do not hear the approaching car in time. Binaural recordings of each of these approaching cars were presented together with either a traffic noise masker or a pink noise masker. In the first detection experiment the threshold level was determined for which the cars could just be detected. In a second reaction time experiment the moment was determined at which the approaching car was first detectable. This measured reaction time should give an indication about how much time a person has to evade an impending collision. Results indicated that slowly approaching electric cars where less audible than cars with a conventional engine. The results also showed that the decrement of reaction times as a function of SNR was halved when pink noise was used instead of traffic noise. A psycho-acoustic masking model [Dau et al. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 99 36153622 (1996)] was applied to predict detection thresholds and showed good correspondence with the subjective data.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Comparison of detection threshold measurements and modeling for approaching electric cars and conventional cars presented in traffic and pink noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the difference in audibility of an approaching conventional car with internal combustion engine and an electric car at various velocities. The goal was to compare the risk that pedestrians do not hear the approaching car in time. Binaural recordings of each of these approaching cars were presented together with either a traffic noise masker or a pink noise masker. In the first detection experiment the threshold level was determined for which the cars could just be detected. In a second reaction time experiment the moment was determined at which the approaching car was first detectable. This measured reaction time should give an indication about how much time a person has to evade an impending collision. Results indicated that slowly approaching electric cars where less audible than cars with a conventional engine. The results also showed that the decrement of reaction times as a function of SNR was halved when pink noise was used instead of traffic noise. A psycho-acoustic masking model [Dau et. al. (1996) J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 99 3615 - 3622] was applied to predict detection thresholds and showed good correspondence with the subjective data.

Julian Grosse; Reinhard Weber; Steven Van de Par

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

LFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page 1 of 31 Page 1 of 31 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

386

Solitons induced by boundary conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although soliton phenomena have attracted wide attention since 1965, there are still not enough efforts paid to mixed-boundary - initial-value problems that are important in real physical cases. The main purpose of this thesis is to study carefully the various boundary-induced soliton under different initial conditions. The author states with three sets of nonlinear equations: KdV equations and Boussinesq equations (for water); two-fluid equations for cold-ion plasma. He was interested in four types of problems involved with water solitons: excitation by different time-dependent boundary conditions under different initial conditions; head-on and over-taking collisions; reflection at a wall and the excitation by pure initial conditions. For KdV equations, only cases one and four are conducted. The results from two fully nonlinear KdV and Boussinesq equations are compared, and agree extremely well. The Boussinesq equations permit solition head-on collisions and reflections, studied the first time. The results from take-over collision agree with KdV results. For the ion-acoustic plasma, a set of Boussinesq-type equations was derived from the standard two-fluid equations for the ion-acoustic plasma. It theoretically proves the essential nature of the solitary wave solutions of the cold-ion plasma. The ion acoustic solitons are also obtained by prescribing a potential phi/sub 0/ at one grid point.

Zhou, R.L.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

July 30, 2004 Crop Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Grapes, and Wine Tissue Analysis Grapes and Small Fruits Upcoming Meetings Crop Conditions: Apple harvest harvest management, increased fruit size, maintenance of fruit firmness, reduction of preharvest fruit drop, improved fruit quality, and enhanced storage potential. Rates of application are similar

Ginzel, Matthew

388

LFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dated 5-20-13 Dated 5-20-13 Subcontract No. 241314 Page 1 of 19 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012 - Deviation) ........................................................................................ 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 4 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

389

Analytical methods under emergency conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This lecture discusses methods for the radiochemical determination of internal contamination of the body under emergency conditions, here defined as a situation in which results on internal radioactive contamination are needed quickly. The purpose of speed is to determine the necessity for medical treatment to increase the natural elimination rate. Analytical methods discussed include whole-body counting, organ counting, wound monitoring, and excreta analysis. 12 references. (ACR)

Sedlet, J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

A Primer on Energy Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An energy condition, in the context of a wide class of spacetime theories (including general relativity), is, crudely speaking, a relation one demands the stress-energy tensor of matter satisfy in order to try to capture the idea that "energy should be positive". The remarkable fact I will discuss in this paper is that such simple, general, almost trivial seeming propositions have profound and far-reaching import for our understanding of the structure of relativistic spacetimes. It is therefore especially surprising when one also learns that we have no clear understanding of the nature of these conditions, what theoretical status they have with respect to fundamental physics, what epistemic status they may have, when we should and should not expect them to be satisfied, and even in many cases how they and their consequences should be interpreted physically. Or so I shall argue, by a detailed analysis of the technical and conceptual character of all the standard conditions used in physics today, including exam...

Curiel, Erik

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Integrating Recognition and Reconstruction for Cognitive Traffic Scene Analysis from a Moving Vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vehicle Bastian Leibe1 , Nico Cornelis2 , Kurt Cornelis2 , and Luc Van Gool1,2 1 ETH Zurich, Switzerland locations at which an inadvertent child might suddenly enter the street. As most of the child's body, and rapidly changing lighting conditions between shadowed and brightly lit areas. In addition, geometric scene

392

An approach for improving performance of aggregate voice-over-IP traffic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of denial-of service (DoS) attacks can deteriorate the service that these voice calls receive. And these conditions contribute to the decline in call quality in VoIP applications; therefore, error-correcting/concealing techniques remain the only alternative...

Al-Najjar, Camelia

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

393

Degradation in urban air quality from construction activity and increased traffic arising from a road widening scheme  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Road widening schemes in urban areas are often proposed as a solution to traffic congestion and as a means of stimulating economic growth. There is however clear evidence that new or expanded roads rapidly fill with either displaced or induced traffic, offsetting any short-term gains in eased traffic flows. What has not been addressed in any great detail is the impact of such schemes on air quality, with modelled impact predictions seldom validated by measurements after the expansion of road capacity. In this study we made use of a road widening project in London to investigate the impact on ambient air quality (particulate matter, NOX, NO2) during and after the completion of the road works. PM10 increased during the construction period up to 15?gm?3 during working hours compared to concentrations before the road works. A box modelling approach was used to determine a median emission factor of 0.0022kgPM10m?2month?1, three times larger than that used in the UK emission inventory (0.0007kgPM10m?2month?1). Peaks of activity released 0.0130kgPM10m?2month?1, three and eight times smaller than the peak values used in the European and US inventories. After the completion of the widening there was an increase in all pollutants from the road during rush hour: 24?gm?3 for PM10; 1?gm?3 for PM2.5; 40 and 8?gm?3 for NOX and NO2, respectively. NO2 EU Limit Value was breached after the road development illustrating a notable deterioration in residential air quality. Additionally, PM10, but not PM2.5, glutathione dependent oxidative potential increased after the road was widened consistent with an increase in pro-oxidant components in the coarse particle mode, related to vehicle abrasion processes. These increased air pollution indices were associated with an increase in the number of cars, taxis and LGVs.

Anna Font; Timothy Baker; Ian S. Mudway; Esme Purdie; Christina Dunster; Gary W. Fuller

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Title. ATP7B copper-regulated traffic and association with the tight junctions: copper excretion into Short title. ATP7B and copper excretion by liver  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Title. ATP7B copper-regulated traffic and association with the tight junctions: copper excretion into the bile Short title. ATP7B and copper excretion by liver Authors. Sonia Hernandez*§ , Yo Tsuchiya manuscript Gastroenterology 2008;134(4):1215-23 #12;2 Abstract The copper transporter ATP7B plays a central

Boyer, Edmond

395

Traffic 2011; 12: 15921603 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S doi:10.1111/j.1600-0854.2011.01252.x  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traffic 2011; 12: 1592­1603 © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S doi:10.1111/j.1600-0854.2011.01252.x section, University of Osnabr¨uck, Osnabr¨uck 49076, Germany *Corresponding author: Christian Ungermann

Ungermann, Christian

396

Influence of avenue-trees on air quality at the urban neighborhood scale. Part II: Traffic pollutant concentrations at pedestrian level  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Flow and dispersion of traffic-emitted pollutants were studied in a generic urban neighborhood for various avenue-tree layouts by employing 3D steady RANS simulations with the realizable k-? turbulence model. In comparison to the tree-free situation quantitative and qualitative changes with flow reversal in the wind field were observed. Low to moderate increases (air quality assessment.

Christof Gromke; Bert Blocken

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Boyd, Meloche and Vardi, IEEE Int. Conf. on Computer Vision 99, Corfu, Greece, September 1999 1 Statistical Tracking in Video Traffic Surveillance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Boyd, Meloche and Vardi, IEEE Int. Conf. on Computer Vision 99, Corfu, Greece, September 1999 1 Statistical Tracking in Video Traffic Surveillance Jeffrey E. Boyd Dept. of Computer Science University of Calgary Calgary AB T2N 1N4 boyd@cpsc.ucalgary.ca Jean Meloche Department of Statistics University

Boyd, Jeffrey E.

398

Development of a MATLAB/STK TLE Accuracy Assessment Tool, in support of the NASA Ames Space Traffic Management Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to improve the effectiveness of conjunction analysis using publically available Two Line Elements (TLEs) a number of strategies are being investigated as part of the Space Traffic Management project at NASA Ames Research Center. To assist in evaluating the effectiveness of these approaches a tool was developed in the MATLAB programming language that interfaces with the AGI Satellite Toolkit and with Microsoft Excel. The TLEs and any available truth ephemerides are read in by the tool and propagated orbits are compared using STK to estimate the errors. This tool is employed to determine the covariance and investigate the growth of errors in propagating the orbit of the CNESStella geodetic satellite. The different sources of error are assessed and future improvements to the tool are suggested.

Mason, James

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Conditions on Electric Power Generation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

An Analysis of the Effects of Drought An Analysis of the Effects of Drought Conditions on Electric Power Generation in the Western United States April 2009 DOE/NETL-2009/1365 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,

400

Conditions for Successful Extended Inflation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate, in a model-independent way, the conditions required to obtain a satisfactory model of extended inflation in which inflation is brought to an end by a first-order phase transition. The constraints are that the correct present strength of the gravitational coupling is obtained, that the present theory of gravity is satisfactorily close to general relativity, that the perturbation spectra from inflation are compatible with large scale structure observations and that the bubble spectrum produced at the phase transition doesn't conflict with the observed level of microwave background anisotropies. We demonstrate that these constraints can be summarized in terms of the behaviour in the conformally related Einstein frame, and can be compactly illustrated graphically. We confirm the failure of existing models including the original extended inflation model, and construct models, albeit rather contrived ones, which satisfy all existing constraints.

Anne M Green; Andrew R Liddle

1996-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

CONMOW: Condition Monitoring for Offshore Wind Farms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

practice the European project CONMOW (Condition Monitoring for Offshore Wind Farms) was started in November

Edwin Wiggelinkhuizen; Theo Verbruggen; Henk Braam; Luc Rademakers; Miguel Catalin Tipluica; Andrew Maclean; Axel Juhl Christensen; Edwin Becker; Pr?ftechnik Cm Gmbh (d; Dirk Scheffler; Nordex Energy Gmbh (d

402

Conditional Similarity Solutions of the Boussinesq Equation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The direct method proposed by Clarkson and Kruskal is modified to obtain some conditional similarity solutions of a nonlinear physics model. Taking the -dimensional Boussinesq equation as a simple example, six types of conditional similarity reductions are obtained.

Tang Xiao-Yan; Lin Ji; Lou Sen-Yue

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

A New Approach to Industrial Air Conditioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-dryer Systems Division, has marketed industrial drying machinery. These heat reactivated dryers can handle latent loads in industrial air conditioning systems. Through waste heat conservation, air conditioning costs can be reduced 25 to 50%, with applications...

Gravenstreter, T.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

LANDAU'S NECESSARY DENSITY CONDITIONS FOR LCA GROUPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LANDAU'S NECESSARY DENSITY CONDITIONS FOR LCA GROUPS KARLHEINZ GR�OCHENIG, GITTA KUTYNIOK's conditions to the setting of locally compact abelian (LCA) groups, relying in an analogous way on the basics

Seip, Kristian

405

LANDAU'S NECESSARY DENSITY CONDITIONS FOR LCA GROUPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LANDAU'S NECESSARY DENSITY CONDITIONS FOR LCA GROUPS KARLHEINZ GR¨OCHENIG, GITTA KUTYNIOK's conditions to the setting of locally compact abelian (LCA) groups, relying in an analogous way on the basics

Kutyniok, Gitta

406

Credit Conditions and Stock Return Predictability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation examines stock return predictability with aggregate credit conditions. The aggregate credit conditions are empirically measured by credit standards (Standards) derived from the Federal Reserve Board's Senior Loan Officer Opinion...

Park, Heungju

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

407

Space Conditioning Standing Technical Committee Strategic Plan  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This strategic plan document outlines the gaps, barriers, and opportunities identified by the Building America Space Conditioning Standing Technical Committee.

408

Building America Webinar: High Performance Space Conditioning...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Strategies for Affordable Housing Building America Webinar: High Performance Space Conditioning Systems, Part II - Air Distribution Retrofit Strategies for Affordable...

409

MAXIMAL CONDITIONAL EFFICIENCY SUCCESSIVE INTERFERENCE CANCELLATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAXIMAL CONDITIONAL EFFICIENCY SUCCESSIVE INTERFERENCE CANCELLATION Ananya Sen Gupta, Andrew C that maximizes the asymp- totic conditional efficiency at each stage of successive de- tection is also derived Urbana, IL 61801, USA ABSTRACT Conditional asymptotic multi-user efficiency is introduced

Singer, Andrew C

410

High Energy Efficiency Air Conditioning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project determined the performance of a new high efficiency refrigerant, Ikon B, in a residential air conditioner designed to use R-22. The refrigerant R-22, used in residential and small commercial air conditioners, is being phased out of production in developed countries beginning this year because of concerns regarding its ozone depletion potential. Although a replacement refrigerant, R-410A, is available, it operates at much higher pressure than R-22 and requires new equipment. R-22 air conditioners will continue to be in use for many years to come. Air conditioning is a large part of expensive summer peak power use in many parts of the U.S. Previous testing and computer simulations of Ikon B indicated that it would have 20 - 25% higher coefficient of performance (COP, the amount of cooling obtained per energy used) than R-22 in an air-cooled air conditioner. In this project, a typical new R-22 residential air conditioner was obtained, installed in a large environmental chamber, instrumented, and run both with its original charge of R-22 and then with Ikon B. In the environmental chamber, controlled temperature and humidity could be maintained to obtain repeatable and comparable energy use results. Tests with Ikon B included runs with and without a power controller, and an extended run for several months with subsequent analyses to check compatibility of Ikon B with the air conditioner materials and lubricant. Baseline energy use of the air conditioner with its original R-22 charge was measured at 90 deg F and 100 deg F. After changeover to Ikon B and a larger expansion orifice, energy use was measured at 90 deg F and 100 deg F. Ikon B proved to have about 19% higher COP at 90 deg F and about 26% higher COP at 100 deg F versus R-22. Ikon B had about 20% lower cooling capacity at 90 deg F and about 17% lower cooling capacity at 100 deg F versus R-22 in this system. All results over multiple runs were within 1% relative standard deviation (RSD). All of these values agree well with previous results and computer simulations of Ikon B performance versus R-22. The lower cooling capacity of Ikon B is not a concern unless a particular air conditioner is near its maximum cooling capacity in application. Typically, oversized A/C systems are installed by contractors to cover contingencies. In the extended run with Ikon B, which lasted about 4.5 months at 100 deg F ambient temperature and 68% compressor on time, the air conditioner performed well with no significant loss of energy efficiency. Post-run analysis of the refrigerant, compressor lubricant oil, compressor, compressor outlet tubing, and the filter/dryer showed minor effects but nothing that was considered significant. The project was very successful. All objectives were achieved, and the performance of Ikon B indicates that it can easily be retrofitted into R-22 air conditioners to give 15 - 20% energy savings and a 1 - 3 year payback of retrofit costs depending on location and use. Ikon B has the potential to be a successful commercial product.

Edward McCullough; Patrick Dhooge; Jonathan Nimitz

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

411

Real-world fuel consumption and CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions by driving conditions for light-duty passenger vehicles in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The increasing discrepancy between on-road and type-approval fuel consumption for \\{LDPVs\\} (light-duty passenger vehicles) has attracted tremendous attention. We measured on-road emissions for 60 \\{LDPVs\\} in three China's cities and calculated their fuel consumption and CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions. We further evaluated the impacts of variations in area-averaged speed on relative fuel consumption of gasoline \\{LDPVs\\} for the UAB (urban area of Beijing). On-road fuel consumption under the average driving pattern is 102% higher than that normalized to the NEDC (new European driving cycle) cycle for all tested vehicles, and the on-road NEDC-normalized fuel consumption is higher by 3012% compared to type-approval values for gasoline vehicles. We observed very strong correlations between relative fuel consumption and average speed. Traffic control applied to \\{LDPVs\\} driving within the UAB during weekdays can substantially reduce total fleet fuel consumption by 235% during restriction hours by limiting vehicle use and improving driving conditions. Our results confirmed that a new cycle for the type approval test for \\{LDPVs\\} with more real-world driving features is of great necessity. Furthermore, enhanced traffic control measures could play an important role in mitigating real-world fuel consumption and CO2 emissions for \\{LDPVs\\} in China.

Shaojun Zhang; Ye Wu; Huan Liu; Ruikun Huang; Puikei Un; Yu Zhou; Lixin Fu; Jiming Hao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

The Primary Condition of Bicycle Microcirculation System Benign Operation in Urban: Taking Hangzhou and Beijing for Example  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With increasingly fast urbanization process, motorization makes urban traffic crowded and air pollution. Considering about environmental protection and trip, the application of bicycle microcirculation system ...

Hao Wu; Xiao You

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

VEHICLE-INFRASTRUCTURE INTEGRATION (VII) ENABLED PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES (PHEVS) FOR TRAFFIC AND ENERGY MANAGEMENT.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Vehicle Infrastructure Integration (VII) program (also known as IntelliDrive) has proven the potential to improve transportation conditions by enabling the communication between vehicles and infrastructure, (more)

Kang, Xueying

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Central Air Conditioning | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Central Air Conditioning Central Air Conditioning Central Air Conditioning May 30, 2012 - 8:01pm Addthis Central air conditioners circulate cool air through a system of supply and return ducts. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/DonNichols. Central air conditioners circulate cool air through a system of supply and return ducts. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/DonNichols. What does this mean for me? Central air conditioning systems are thermostatically controlled and convenient to use. Central air conditioning systems must be installed properly to operate efficiently. Central air conditioning systems can share ductwork with your heating system. Central air conditioners circulate cool air through a system of supply and return ducts. Supply ducts and registers (i.e., openings in the walls,

415

Energy conditions in f(R)-gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to shed some light on the current discussion about f(R)-gravity theories we derive and discuss the bounds imposed by the energy conditions on a general f(R) functional form. The null and strong energy conditions in this framework are derived from the Raychaudhuri's equation along with the requirement that gravity is attractive, whereas the weak and dominant energy conditions are stated from a comparison with the energy conditions that can be obtained in a direct approach via an effective energy-momentum tensor for f(R)-gravity. As a concrete application of the energy conditions to locally homogeneous and isotropic f(R)-cosmology, the recent estimated values of the deceleration and jerk parameters are used to examine the bounds from the weak energy condition on the parameters of two families of f(R)-gravity theories.

J. Santos; J. S. Alcaniz; M. J. Reboucas; F. C. Carvalho

2007-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

416

Methods of Conditioning Direct Methanol Fuel Cells  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Methods of Conditioning Direct Methanol Fuel Cells Methods of Conditioning Direct Methanol Fuel Cells Methods of Conditioning Direct Methanol Fuel Cells Methods for conditioning the membrane electrode assembly of a direct methanol fuel cell ("DMFC") are disclosed. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Methods of Conditioning Direct Methanol Fuel Cells Methods for conditioning the membrane electrode assembly of a direct methanol fuel cell ("DMFC") are disclosed. In a first method, an electrical current of polarity opposite to that used in a functioning direct methanol fuel cell is passed through the anode surface of the membrane electrode assembly. In a second method, methanol is supplied to an anode surface of the membrane electrode assembly, allowed to cross over the polymer

417

Definition: Equipment Condition Monitor | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Condition Monitor Condition Monitor Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Equipment Condition Monitor A monitoring device that automatically measures and communicates equipment characteristics that are related to the "health" and maintenance of the equipment. These characteristics can include, but are not limited to temperature, dissolved gas, and loading. These devices can automatically generate alarm signals if conditions exceed preset thresholds.[1] Related Terms sustainability References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/equipment_condition_monitor [[C LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ategory: Smart Grid Definitions|Template:BASEPAGENAME]] Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Equipment_Condition_Monitor&oldid=502601"

418

Traffic-related air pollution and health co-benefits of alternative transport in Adelaide, South Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractBackground Motor vehicle emissions contribute nearly a quarter of the world's energy-related greenhouse gases and cause non-negligible air pollution, primarily in urban areas. Changing people's travel behaviour towards alternative transport is an efficient approach to mitigate harmful environmental impacts caused by a large number of vehicles. Such a strategy also provides an opportunity to gain health co-benefits of improved air quality and enhanced physical activities. This study aimed at quantifying co-benefit effects of alternative transport use in Adelaide, South Australia. Method We made projections for a business-as-usual scenario for 2030 with alternative transport scenarios. Separate models including air pollution models and comparative risk assessment health models were developed to link alternative transport scenarios with possible environmental and health benefits. Results In the study region with an estimated population of 1.4 million in 2030, by shifting 40% of vehicle kilometres travelled (VKT) by passenger vehicles to alternative transport, annual average urban PM2.5 would decline by approximately 0.4?g/m3 compared to business-as-usual, resulting in net health benefits of an estimated 13deaths/year prevented and 118 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) prevented per year due to improved air quality. Further health benefits would be obtained from improved physical fitness through active transport (508deaths/year prevented, 6569DALYs/year prevented), and changes in traffic injuries (21 deaths and, 960 \\{DALYs\\} prevented). Conclusion Although uncertainties remain, our findings suggest that significant environmental and health benefits are possible if alternative transport replaces even a relatively small portion of car trips. The results may provide assistance to various government organisations and relevant service providers and promote collaboration in policy-making, city planning and infrastructure establishment.

Ting Xia; Monika Nitschke; Ying Zhang; Pushan Shah; Shona Crabb; Alana Hansen

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Time and Materials Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 20 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

420

TIC et conditions de travail. Les enseignements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TIC et conditions de travail. Les enseignements de l'enquête COI Juin 2012 Nathalie Greenan, Sylvie TIC et conditions de travail Les enseignements de l'enquête COI NATHALIE GREENAN Centre d'études de l-2-11-128685-6 www.cee-recherche.fr #12;TIC et conditions de travail. Les enseignements de l'enquête COI R?SUM? Le

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

President Obama Announces $400 Million Conditional Commitment...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

840 megawatts (MW) of new solar power annually. The project is expected to reach full capacity by 2013. Including the conditional commitment announced today, the Department has...

422

Wave Energy Converter Extreme Conditions Modeling Workshop |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

adopted extreme conditions design, modeling, and analysis techniques developed for offshore oil & gas and naval architecture applications. While leveraging these existing design...

423

Condition Monitoring of Offshore Wind Turbines.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The growing interest around offshore wind power, providing at the same time better wind conditions and fewer visual or environmental impacts, has lead many (more)

Wisznia, Roman

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Aluminoborosilicate Waste Glass Dissolution under Alkaline Conditions...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Aluminoborosilicate Waste Glass Dissolution under Alkaline Conditions at 40C: Implications for a Chemical Affinity-Based Aluminoborosilicate Waste Glass Dissolution under...

425

Conditionally exactly soluble potentials and supersymmetry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that the condition required for one of the potentials considered by Dutra [Phys. Rev. A 47, R2435 (1993)] to be a conditionally exactly soluble potential is the same as that the potential can be put in an explicitly supersymmetric form.

Nivedita Nag; R. Roychoudhury; Y. P. Varshni

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Iron opacity predictions under solar interior conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......predictions under solar interior conditions...using Opacity Project atomic data for...conditions within the solar convective zone...greatest binding energy per nucleon...measurements for photon energies greater than 1...region of the solar convective zone...for the Opacity Project (OP) and opal......

D. S. Whittaker; G. J. Tallents

2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

427

Promises and Threats with Conditionals and Disjunctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Promises and Threats with Conditionals and Disjunctions Robert van Rooij and Michael Franke Version promises and threats. But with a disjunction "You do . . . , or I'll do . . . " we can only make threats is trying to influence the behavior of the hearer by conditional promises and threats: whereas

van Rooij, Robert

428

Green's functions for Neumann boundary conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green's functions for Neumann boundary conditions have been considered in Math Physics and Electromagnetism textbooks, but special constraints and other properties required for Neumann boundary conditions have generally not been noticed or treated correctly. In this paper, we derive an appropriate Neumann Green's function with these constraints and properties incorporated.

Jerrold Franklin

2012-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

429

Editing Nested Constraints and Application Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Editing Nested Constraints and Application Conditions Karl Azab Carl v. Ossietzky Universit¨at Oldenburg, Germany azab@informatik.uni-oldenburg.de Abstract. Nested constraints and application conditions to get these editing features and implemented a tree-oriented visualization for editing nested constrains

Habel, Annegret

430

Conditioned Attics Overview | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Conditioned Attics Overview Conditioned Attics Overview Adequate attic ventilation is a long-standing requirement in building codes. However, conditioned, unvented attics have the potential to reduce residential energy needs and are allowed by code under certain conditions. Such assemblies are sometimes called cathedralized attics because, as with cathedral ceilings, the insulation is in the rafters and/or roof deck. Publication Date: Wednesday, May 13, 2009 ta_conditioned_attics_overview.pdf Document Details Affiliation: DOE BECP Document Number: PNNL-SA-57260 Focus: Compliance Building Type: Residential Code Referenced: International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) Document type: Technical Articles Target Audience: Architect/Designer Builder Code Official Contractor Engineer Contacts Web Site Policies

431

Microsoft Word - S08254_CellConditions  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Shiprock, New Mexico, Disposal Shiprock, New Mexico, Disposal Cell Internal Water Balance and Cell Conditions February 2012 LMS/SHP/S08254 This page intentionally left blank LMS/SHP/S08254 Shiprock, New Mexico, Disposal Cell Internal Water Balance and Cell Conditions February 2012 This page intentionally left blank U.S. Department of Energy Shiprock Disposal Cell Internal Water Balance and Cell Conditions February 2012 Doc. No.S08254 Page i Contents Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................. iii Executive Summary .........................................................................................................................v 1.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................1

432

Data Validation & Conditioning Kenneth Martin  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Validation & Conditioning Validation & Conditioning Kenneth Martin martin@electricpowergroup.com June 27-28, 2013 Washington, DC DOE/OE Transmission Reliability Program 2 The Problem  Phasors are well known to engineers ... but synchrophasors are not  Synchrophasor value dependencies - Precise timing source, algorithms, & hardware  Systems dependent on real-time communications - Delay (latency), bandwidth, errors, & dropouts  Need comparability with established systems (SCADA)  Wide area, high-speed - faster actions Need assurance measurements are correct and... Detect and fix data problems 3 Introduction  Data Validation and Conditioning Project - RFP issued in June 2012 - Awarded to EPG in December 2012 - Completion by October 2014

433

Casimir pistons with hybrid boundary conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Casimir effect giving rise to an attractive or repulsive force between the configuration boundaries that confine the massless scalar field is reexamined for one to three-dimensional pistons in this paper. Especially, we consider Casimir pistons with hybrid boundary conditions, where the boundary condition on the piston is Neumann and those on other surfaces are Dirichlet. We show that the Casimir force on the piston is always repulsive, in contrast with the same problem where the boundary conditions are Dirichlet on all surfaces.

Xiang-hua Zhai; Xin-zhou Li

2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

434

Effective boundary condition at a rough surface starting from a slip condition.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, set in a channel with a rough boundary, of small amplitude and wavelength . It was shown recently thatEffective boundary condition at a rough surface starting from a slip condition. Anne, for any non-degenerate roughness pattern, and for any reasonable condition imposed at the rough boundary

Gerard-Varet, David - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

435

Air-Conditioning Basics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Air-Conditioning Basics Air-Conditioning Basics Air-Conditioning Basics August 16, 2013 - 1:59pm Addthis Air conditioning is one of the most common ways to cool homes and buildings. How Air Conditioners Work Air conditioners employ the same operating principles and basic components as refrigerators. Refrigerators use energy (usually electricity) to transfer heat from the cool interior of the refrigerator to the relatively warm surroundings; likewise, an air conditioner uses energy to transfer heat from the interior space to the relatively warm outside environment. An air conditioner uses a cold indoor coil called the evaporator. The condenser, a hot outdoor coil, releases the collected heat outside. The evaporator and condenser coils are serpentine tubing surrounded by aluminum fins. This tubing is usually made of copper.

436

Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning May 29, 2012 - 5:22pm Addthis This breakthrough combines desiccant materials, which remove moisture from the air using heat, and advanced evaporative technologies to develop a cooling unit that uses 90 percent less electricity and up to 80 percent less total energy than traditional air conditioning. This solution, called the desiccant enhanced evaporative air conditioner (DEVAP), also controls humidity more effectively to improve the comfort of people in buildings. View the entire Lab Breakthrough playlist. What are the key facts? Recent materials advances and liquid desiccant advances to design the compact and cost-effective DEVAP system. DEVAP uses 90 percent less electricity and up to 80 percent less

437

Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning May 29, 2012 - 5:22pm Addthis This breakthrough combines desiccant materials, which remove moisture from the air using heat, and advanced evaporative technologies to develop a cooling unit that uses 90 percent less electricity and up to 80 percent less total energy than traditional air conditioning. This solution, called the desiccant enhanced evaporative air conditioner (DEVAP), also controls humidity more effectively to improve the comfort of people in buildings. View the entire Lab Breakthrough playlist. What are the key facts? Recent materials advances and liquid desiccant advances to design the compact and cost-effective DEVAP system.

438

Fundamental mechanisms in flue gas conditioning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall goal of this research project is to formulate a mathematical model of flue gas conditioning. This model will be based on an understanding of why ask properties, such as cohesivity and resistivity, are changed by conditioning. Such a model could serve as a component of the performance models of particulate control devices where flue gas conditioning is used. There are two specific objectives of this research project, which divide the planned research into two main parts. One part of the project is designed to determine how ash particles are modified by interactions with sorbent injection processes and to describe the mechanisms by which these interactions affect fine particle collection. The objective of the other part of the project is to identify the mechanisms by which conditioning agents, including chemically active compounds, modify the key properties of fine fly ash particles.

Bush, P.V.; Snyder, T.R.

1992-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

439

Ocean Conditions, Salmon, and Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean Conditions, Salmon, and Climate Change John Ferguson1 NOAA Fisheries Northwest Fisheries're finding - adult forecasts and climate change) #12;1. Past (for context) · The coastal pelagic ecosystem

440

Comment on Li pellet Conditioning in TFTR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Li pellet conditioning in TFTR results in a reduction of the edge electron density which allows increased neutral beam penetration, central heating, and fueling. Consequently the temperature profiles became more peaked with higher central Ti, Te, and neutron emission rates.

R.V. Budny

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

AGRICULTURE, 2003 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2003 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions Situation and Challenges Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural and Life Sciences OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2003 An Annual Report by: Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College

Radeloff, Volker C.

442

Boundary conditions for the lattice Boltzmann method.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Based on the no-slip boundary condition for walls at rest for the lattice Boltzmann Bathnagar-Gross-Krook method by J.C.G. Verschaeve [Phys. Rev. 80,036703 (2009)], a (more)

le coupanec, erwan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Space Conditioning Standing Technical Commitee Presentation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation outlines the goals of the Space Conditioning Standing Technical ommittee, as presented at the Building America Spring 2012 Stakeholder meeting on February 29, 2012, in Austin, Texas.

444

Air Conditioning Heating and Refrigeration Institute Comment  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These comments are submitted by the Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) in response to the U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) notice in the July 3, 2014 Federal Register...

445

Alternatives to Electric Air Conditioning Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The rapid escalation of electricity prices has created an opportunity to re-introduce gas-fired air conditioning systems to the commercial building market. In 1985 Gas Research Institute initiated a program to develop an advanced gas engine...

Lindsay, B. B.; Koplow, M. D.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Changing patterns of air conditioning in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Japanese air conditioning patterns have changed significantly over the past 30 years. The changes can be linked to increasing affluence and the consequent changes Japanese life patterns, but also to changes in...

Harold Wilhite; Hidetoshi Nakagami

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Efficiency  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Presented By: WALTER E. JOHNSTON, PE Presented By: WALTER E. JOHNSTON, PE CEM, CEA, CLEP, CDSM, CPE Conditioning (HVAC) system is to provide and maintain a comfortable environment within a building for the occupants or for the process being conducted Many HVAC systems were not designed with energy efficiency as one of the design factors 3 Air Air is the major conductor of heat. Lack of heat = air conditioning OR 4 Btu - Amount of heat required to raise one pound of water 1 F = 0.252 KgCal 1 Pound of Water = About 1 Pint of Water ~ 1 Large Glass 1 Kitchen Match Basics of Air Conditioning = 1 Btu 5 = 6 Low Cost Cooling Unit 7 8 Typical Design Conditions 75 degrees F temperature 50% relative humidity 30 - 50 FPM air movement

448

Towards Total Traffic Awareness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A combination of factors render the transportation sector a highly desirable area for data management research. The transportation sector receives substantial investments and is of high societal interest across the globe. Since there is limited room ...

Chenjuan Guo, Christian S. Jensen, Bin Yang

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

traffic usage register  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This one-of-a-kind reference is unmatched in the breadth and scope of its coverage and serves as the primary reference for students and professionals in computer science and communications. The Dictionary feat...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

traffic usage recorder  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This one-of-a-kind reference is unmatched in the breadth and scope of its coverage and serves as the primary reference for students and professionals in computer science and communications. The Dictionary feat...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Arterial Traffic Activity Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

F. Moosmann and C. Stiller, "Velodyne slam," in IntelligentMoosmann, O. Pink, and C. Stiller, "Segmentation of 3d lidar

Yang, Qichi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Road Traffic Signalling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of the speakers suggested that the amber light should be regarded as the signal for pedestrians. Much was said in favour of a gyratory system being adopted in Oxford Circus. ... times of the day, although the green lights are showing, by the crowds of pedestrians in Oxford Street. A model for the automatic control of signals at crossings was ...

1932-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

453

Traffic Analysis and Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The land use punctually described in the Multan Master Plan shows the current distribution of the main functions (public/private) and the density of the population in urban Multan, basic elements to understand th...

Vincenzo Donato; Samuele Camolese

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Nonequilibrium Markov processes conditioned on large deviations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the problem of conditioning a Markov process on a rare event and of representing this conditioned process by a conditioning-free process, called the effective or driven process. The basic assumption is that the rare event used in the conditioning is a large deviation-type event, characterized by a convex rate function. Under this assumption, we construct the driven process via a generalization of Doob's $h$-transform, used in the context of bridge processes, and show that this process is equivalent to the conditioned process in the long-time limit. The notion of equivalence that we consider is based on the logarithmic equivalence of path measures and implies that the two processes have the same typical states. In constructing the driven process, we also prove equivalence with the so-called exponential tilting of the Markov process, which is used with importance sampling to simulate rare events, and which gives rise, from the point of view of statistical mechanics, to a nonequilibrium version of the canonical ensemble. Other links between our results and the topics of bridge processes, quasi-stationary distributions, stochastic control, and conditional limit theorems are mentioned.

Raphael Chetrite; Hugo Touchette

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

455

Incorporating local boundary conditions into nonlocal theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study nonlocal equations from the area of peridynamics on bounded domains. In our companion paper, we discover that, on $\\mathbb{R}^n$, the governing operator in peridynamics, which involves a convolution, is a bounded function of the classical (local) governing operator. Building on this, we define an abstract convolution operator on bounded domains. The abstract convolution operator is a function of the classical operator, defined by a Hilbert basis available due to the purely discrete spectrum of the latter. As governing operator of the nonlocal equation we use a function of the classical operator, this allows us to incorporate local boundary conditions into nonlocal theories. For the homogeneous wave equation with the considered boundary conditions, we prove that continuity is preserved by time evolution. We give explicit solution expressions for the initial value problems with prominent boundary conditions such as periodic, antiperiodic, Neumann, and Dirichlet. In order to connect to the standard convolution, we give an integral representation of the abstract convolution operator. We present additional "simple" convolutionsbased on periodic and antiperiodic boundary conditions that lead Neumann and Dirichlet boundary conditions. We present a numerical study of the solutions of the wave equation. For discretization, we employ a weak formulation based on a Galerkin projection and use piecewise polynomials on each element which allows discontinuities of the approximate solution at the element borders. We study convergence order of solutions with respect to polynomial order and observe optimal convergence. We depict the solutions for each boundary condition.

Burak Aksoylu; Horst Reinhard Beyer; Fatih Celiker

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

456

Sustainability and Market Conditions:The Resource Efficiency paradox  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainability and Market Conditions energy conservation doand Market Conditions LITERATURE REVIEW Energy and resourcethe effect of market conditions on energy and resource

Delmas, Magali; Pekovic, Sanja

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Drift Tube Linac Conditioning of Tank1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tank1 of the Drift Tube Linac (DTL) of the Linac4 has been conditioned at the Linac4 tunnel. The tank was tuned for resonance at 352.2 MHz, and stable operation has been achieved with 725 s long RF pulses at a repetition rate of 1 Hz. The maximum RF level that has been reached is 810 kW with a pulse width of 600 s. Since this was the first RF structure exclusively conditioned in the Linac4 tunnel with the operation and control software of Linac4, some related issues and limitations had to be taken into account.

Shafqat, N; Toor, W A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Landau's necessary density conditions for LCA groups  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H. Landau's necessary density conditions for sampling and interpolation may be viewed as a general principle resting on a basic fact of Fourier analysis: The complex exponentials $e^{i kx}$ ($k$ in $\\mathbb{Z}$) constitute an orthogonal basis for $L^2([-\\pi,\\pi])$. The present paper extends Landau's conditions to the setting of locally compact abelian (LCA) groups, relying in an analogous way on the basics of Fourier analysis. The technicalities--in either case of an operator theoretic nature--are however quite different. We will base our proofs on the comparison principle of J. Ramanathan and T. Steger.

Grchenig, K; Seip, K

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Subsidiary condition for Yang-Mills theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A subsidiary condition for Yang-Mills theory is given. A prescription is proposed for using such a subsidiary condition to eliminate unphysical degrees of freedom from gauge theories in covariant gauges. It is pointed out that elimination of such unphysical modes can generate explicit nonlocal interactions among particles in the physical subspace. The Coulomb interactions among charged particles in QED is one such nonlocal interaction that can be generated in this way. It is argued that confining forces among color-bearing combinations of quarks and transverse gluons in QCD might be another.

Kurt Haller

1983-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

Incremental condition estimation for sparse matrices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Incremental condition estimation provides an estimate for the smallest singular value of a triangular matrix. In particular, it gives a running estimate of the smallest singular value of a triangular factor matrix as the factor is generated one column or row at a time. An incremental condition estimator for dense matrices was originally suggested by Bischof. In this paper this scheme is generalized to handle sparse triangular matrices, especially those that are factors of sparse matrices. Numerical experiments on a variety of matrices demonstrate the reliability of this scheme in estimating the smallest singular value. A partial description of its implementation in a sparse matrix factorization code further illustrates its practicality.

Bischof, C.H. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Lewis, J.G.; Pierce, D.J. (Boeing Computer Servies, Seattle, WA (United States))

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Exposure to traffic-related air pollution and the risk of developing breast cancer among women in eight Canadian provinces: A casecontrol study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A few recent studies have reported positive associations between long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and the incidence of breast cancer. We capitalized on an existing Canadian multi-site population-based casecontrol study to further investigate this association. We used the National Enhanced Cancer Surveillance System, a population-based casecontrol study conducted in eight of 10 Canadian provinces from 1994 to 1997. A total of 1569 breast cancer cases and 1872 population controls who reported at least 90% complete self-reported addresses over the 19751994 exposure period were examined. Mean exposure levels to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) (an indicator of traffic-related air pollution) were estimated for this period using three different measures: (1) satellite-derived observations; (2) satellite-derived observations scaled with historical fixed-site measurements of NO2; and (3) a national land-use regression (LUR) model. Proximity to major roads was also examined. Using unconditional logistic regression, stratified by menopausal status, we estimated odds ratios (ORs) adjusted for many individual-level and contextual breast cancer risk factors. We observed positive associations between incident breast cancer and all three measures of NO2 exposure from 1975 to 1994. In fully adjusted models for premenopausal breast cancer, a 10ppb increase in NO2 exposure estimated from the satellite-derived observations, the scaled satellite-derived observations, and the national LUR model produced \\{ORs\\} of 1.26 (95% confidence intervals (CIs): 0.921.74), 1.32 (95% CI: 1.051.67) and 1.28 (95% CI: 0.921.79). For postmenopausal breast cancer, we found corresponding \\{ORs\\} of 1.10 (95% CI: 0.881.36), 1.10 (95% CI: 0.941.28) and 1.07 (95% CI: 0.861.32). Substantial heterogeneity in the \\{ORs\\} was observed across the eight Canadian provinces and reduced \\{ORs\\} were observed when models were restricted to women who had received routine mammography examinations. No associations were found for road proximity measures. This study provides some support for the hypothesis that traffic-related air pollution may be associated with the development of breast cancer, especially in premenopausal women. With the few studies available, further research is clearly needed.

Perry Hystad; Paul J. Villeneuve; Mark S. Goldberg; Dan L. Crouse; Kenneth Johnson

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

A Performance Comparison of Condition Based Monitoring Damage Features Used in Rotating Machines under Variable Conditions /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Condition monitoring of wind turbines: Techniques andand fault detection of wind turbines and related algorithms:and fault diagnostics of wind turbines, in Prognostics and

Robinson, Luke Thomas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

10/06/09 10:44 AMRedOrbit NEWS | Takes Aim At `Phantom' Traffic Jams Page 1 of 2http://www.redorbit.com/modules/news/tools.php?tool=print&id=1702743  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10/06/09 10:44 AMRedOrbit NEWS | Takes Aim At `Phantom' Traffic Jams Page 1 of 2http://www.redorbit.com/modules/news/tools.php Page 2 of 2http://www.redorbit.com/modules/news/tools.php?tool=print&id=1702743 In future studies

Flynn, Morris R.

464

Existing and prospective blast-furnace conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Blast-furnace conditions are investigated by means of a multizone model. The expected performance of prospective technologies is assessed, as well as the trends in blast-furnace processes. The model permits the identification of means of overcoming practical difficulties.

I.G. Tovarovskii; V.I. Bol'shakov; V.P. Lyalyuk; A.E. Merkulov; D. V. Pinchuk [Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Dnepropetrovsk (Ukraine). Institute of Ferrous Metallurgy

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

465

-Background -Assessment of current water conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

like we are in an active weather pattern for western Colorado this week, with one system coming through in Colorado and some minor expansion in western Wyoming. This week, as conditions have continued to trend by the Colorado Climate Center utilizes : NWS, Snotel, CoCoRaHS and CoAgMet #12;#12;Upper Colorado Normal

466

AGRICULTURE, 2002 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2002 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions Situation of the Wisconsin Cranberry Industry Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural-Extension #12;STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2002 An Annual Report by: Department of Agricultural and Applied

Radeloff, Volker C.

467

AGRICULTURE, 2001 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2001 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions Situation and Outlook for Farm Products and Inputs Special Articles · Outlook for the National Economy and Agricultural Policies · Smart Growth and Wisconsin Agriculture · The Wisconsin Agricultural Economy: A Broader

Radeloff, Volker C.

468

NON-STATIONARY CONDITION MONITORING THROUGH EVENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in large diesel engines used for propulsion and power generation. Such operation involves frequent changes the technique for non-stationary condition monitoring of large diesel engines based on acoustical emission that cannot be separated from alarms originating from real faults. MAN B&W Diesel has conducted experiments

469

Physical conditions on the early Earth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for the emergence of life on the early Earth organized by S. Leach, I. W. M. Smith...Cockell Physical conditions on the early Earth Jonathan I Lunine * * ( jlunine@lpl...AZ 85721, USA. The formation of the Earth as a planet was a large stochastic process...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Alternative Refrigerants for Building Air Conditioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The majority of building air conditioning has traditionally been achieved with vapor compression technology using CFC-I I or HCFC-22 as refrigerant fluids. CFC-11 is being successfully replaced by HCFC-123 (retrofit or new equipment) or by HFC- 134a...

Bivens, D. B.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Conditional probability on a quantum logic  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze two approaches to conditional probability. The first approach follows Gudder and Marchand, Maczynsky, Cassinelli and Beltrametti, Cassinelli and Truini. The second approach follows Renyi and Kalmar. The main result is a characterization of the first approach with the help of a function, similarly as in the second approach.

Nanasiova, O.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Condition Monitoring and Management from Acoustic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is about condition monitoring of large diesel engines from acoustic emission signals. The experiments have been focused on a specific and severe fault called scuffing. The fault is generally assumed to arise of this work is the analysis of the angular position changes of the engine related events such as fuel

473

Asymptotic Analysis of Multivariate Tail Conditional Expectations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

instruments so that the resulting position (X) - X is acceptable to regulators/supervisors. The coherent risk related to various coherent risk measures. In the univari- ate case, the tail conditional expectation is asymptotically proportional to the value-at-risk, a popular risk measure. The focus of this paper

Li, Haijun

474

Asymptotic Analysis of Multivariate Tail Conditional Expectations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

instruments so that the resulting position (X) - X is acceptable to regulators/supervisors. The coherent risk and are closely related to various coherent risk measures. In the univari- ate case, the tail conditional expectation is asymptotically proportional to the value-at-risk, a popular risk measure. The focus

Li, Haijun

475

CONDENSATION OF CHONDRULES: CONDITIONS FOR "FIERY RAIN".  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONDENSATION OF CHONDRULES: CONDITIONS FOR "FIERY RAIN". L. Grossman1,2 and A. V. Fedkin1 . 1 Dept little Na condenses above the solidus, and Na2O contents of most chondrules plot above Na2O was condensed at near-liquidus temperatures. In the context of melting chondrule precursors, we showed that Na

Grossman, Lawrence

476

Section 38 - HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The term HVAC is an acronym for Heating, Ventilation (and) Air Conditioning, the industry term for any of various efforts to control conditions in a building or other enclosed area to improve comfort and efficiency. A closely related section is Refrigeration, which follows this one. Some contemporary HVAC techniques have ancient roots. Early forms of central heating and solar home heating were in use in Rome in the first century A.D. The earliest use of glass in windows (as opposed to a covering of wood, cloth, or hide, or simply an opening) is also attributed to the Romans at this same time. The first known use of solar-oriented building design in North America dates back to about the year 1050; i.e., the cliff dwellings built by the Anasazi (Ancient Pueblo) people of the Colorado Plateau area. Geothermal district heating was employed as early as the 1300s, in the Auvergne region of southern France. The foundation for modern central heating was established in the 1700s, first in England and then in France. The 1800s saw significant advances in the use of water heaters, especially the first automatic storage water heater (Edwin Ruud, 1889) and the first commercial solar water heater (Clarence Kemp, 1891). In comparison with heating, cooling technology was late in developing. The first successful method of producing ice occurred in 1851, and it was not until 1902 that Willis Haviland Carrier designed the first industrial air-conditioning system. His Carrier Air Conditioning Corporation would go on to develop air-conditioning systems for stores and theaters (1924) and for residential buildings (1928). Carrier remains the global leader in air conditioner production. The first air-conditioned automobile was produced by Packard in 1939. Recent entries in this section emphasize the use of alternative energy sources in heating and cooling, such as solar, photovoltaic, geothermal, and fuel cells. These advances include the ground-source heat pump, the Trombe wall, the heat pipe, and the PV/thermal hybrid system.

Cutler J. Cleveland; Christopher Morris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Space Conditioning Standing Technical Commitee Presentation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Partnership for Improved Residential Construction Partnership for Improved Residential Construction ba-pirc.org Building America Stakeholder Meeting 2012 RESNET Building Performance Conference Space Conditioning Standing Technical Committee Eric Martin and Janet McIlvaine Partnership for Improved Residential Construction Florida Solar Energy Center Ba.spaceconditioning.stc@gmail.com February 29, 2012 2 | Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction ba-pirc.org https://sites.google.com/site/bastcspaceconditioning/ Space Conditioning Standing Technical Committee Upcoming Activity Upcoming Activity Files, docs, schedule, etc. Files, docs, schedule, etc. 3 | Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction ba-pirc.org * U.S. Department of Energy Building Technologies Program directs the Building America program

478

Physical Market Conditions, Paper Market Activity,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

12 12 Physical Market Conditions, Paper Market Activity, and the WTI-Brent Spread Bahattin Büyükşahin Thomas K. Lee James T. Moser Michel A. Robe* Abstract We document that, starting in the Fall of 2008, the benchmark West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil has periodically traded at unheard of discounts to the corresponding Brent benchmark. We further document that this discount is not reflected in spreads between Brent and other benchmarks that are directly comparable to WTI. Drawing on extant models linking inventory conditions to the futures term structure, we test empirically several conjectures about how time and quality spreads (prompt vs. first-deferred WTI; prompt Brent vs. WTI)

479

Space Conditioning Standing Technical Committee Strategic Plan  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Space Conditioning Standing Technical Space Conditioning Standing Technical Committee Strategic Plan, v2011a Revised: January 2012 Committee Chair: 2011 Eric Martin Janet McIlvaine BA-PIRC Standing Technical Committee Strategic Plan Overview Standing Technical Committees (STCs) focus on resolving key technical action items required to meet Building America performance goals. STC chairs lead each committees' activities in addressing specific research challenges, gaps in understanding, and new research opportunities. Committees include experts from the Building America research teams, DOE, national laboratories, and outside organizations that possess specialized knowledge or heightened interest in the topics being addressed. Committee chairs can create sub-committees on an as-needed basis to address targeted research needs.

480

Casimir Pistons with General Boundary Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we analyze the Casimir energy and force for a scalar field endowed with general self-adjoint boundary conditions propagating in a higher dimensional piston configuration. The piston is constructed as a direct product $I\\times N$, with $I=[0,L]\\subset\\mathbb{R}$ and $N$ a smooth, compact Riemannian manifold with or without boundary. The study of the Casimir energy and force for this configuration is performed by employing the spectral zeta function regularization technique. The obtained analytic results depend explicitly on the spectral zeta function associated with the manifold $N$ and the parameters describing the general boundary conditions imposed. These results are then specialized to the case in which the manifold $N$ is a $d$-dimensional sphere.

Guglielmo Fucci

2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Two Baryons with Twisted Boundary Conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quantization condition for two particle systems with arbitrary number of two-body open coupled-channels, spin and masses in a finite cubic volume is presented. The condition presented is in agreement with all previous studies of two-body systems in a finite volume. The result is fully relativistic and holds for all momenta below inelastic thresholds and is exact up to exponential volume corrections that are governed by m{sub {pi}} L, where m{sub {pi}} is the pion mass and L is the spatial extent of my box. Its implication for the studies of coupled-channel baryon-baryon systems is discussed, and the necessary tools for implementing the formalism are review.

Briceno, Raul [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Davoudi, Zohreh [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States) and Institute for Nuclear Theory, Seattle, WA (United States); Luu, Thomas [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA (United States); Savage, Martin [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States) and Institute for Nuclear Theory, Seattle, WA (United States)

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Electrical condition monitoring method for polymers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrical condition monitoring method utilizes measurement of electrical resistivity of an age sensor made of a conductive matrix or composite disposed in a polymeric structure such as an electrical cable. The conductive matrix comprises a base polymer and conductive filler. The method includes communicating the resistivity to a measuring instrument and correlating resistivity of the conductive matrix of the polymeric structure with resistivity of an accelerated-aged conductive composite.

Watkins, Jr., Kenneth S. (Dahlonega, GA); Morris, Shelby J. (Hampton, VA); Masakowski, Daniel D. (Worcester, MA); Wong, Ching Ping (Duluth, GA); Luo, Shijian (Boise, ID)

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

483

Re-Entry Condition for Ferromagnetic Superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICAL REVIE% 8 I JANUARY 1984 Re-entry condition for ferromagnetic superconductors C. G. Kuper, M. Revzen, and A. Ron, Department of Physics, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel C.-R. Hu, Department of Physics, Texas... 3 d'c M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (Received 10 June 1982; revised manuscript received 27 December 1982) In the phenomenological theory of re-entrant superconductors, the ratio ( of the magnetic to supercon- ducting free...

KUPER, CG; REVZEN, M.; RON, A.; Hu, Chia-Ren.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Coherence condition for resonant neutrino oscillation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the coherence condition for a neutrino to keep coherence between the effective mass eigenstates in the presence of matter and examine whether or not resonant neutrino oscillation (RNO) happens in the cases of solar and SN 1987A neutrinos. As a result, it becomes evident that RNO is possible in the solar-neutrino case but impossible in the SN 1987A neutrino case.

Hajime Anada and Haruhiko Nishimura

1990-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

485

Conditions for supersonic bent Marshak waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supersonic radiation diffusion approximation is a useful way to study the radiation transportation. Considering the bent Marshak wave theory in 2-dimensions, and an invariable source temperature, we get the supersonic radiation diffusion conditions which are about the Mach number $M>8(1+\\sqrt{\\ep})/3$, and the optical depth $\\tau>1$. A large Mach number requires a high temperature, while a large optical depth requires a low temperature. Only when the source temperature is in a proper region these conditions can be satisfied. Assuming the material opacity and the specific internal energy depend on the temperature and the density as a form of power law, for a given density, these conditions correspond to a region about source temperature and the length of the sample. This supersonic diffusion region involves both lower and upper limit of source temperature, while that in 1-dimension only gives a lower limit. Taking $\\rm SiO_2$ and the Au for example, we show the supersonic region numerically.

Xu, Qiang; Li, Jing; Dan, Jia-kun; Wang, Kun-lun; Zhou, Shao-tong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Magnetic charge and the charge quantization condition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two viewpoints concerning magnetic charge are distinguished: that of Dirac, which is unsymmetrical, and the symmetrical one, which embodies invariance under charge rotation. It is pointed out that the latter is not in conflict with the empirical asymmetry between electric and magnetic charge. The discussion is based on an action principle that uses field strengths and the vector potential A as independent variables; a second vector potential B is defined nonlocally in terms of the field strengths. This nonlocality is described by an arbitrary vector function f?(y), subject only to the restriction ??f?(y)=?(y) and the additional requirement of oddness, in the symmetrical formulation. The charge quantization conditions for a pair of idealized charges, a and b, are inferred by examining the dependence of the action W on the choice of the arbitrary mathematical function f, and requiring the uniqueness of exp [iW]. For the unsymmetrical viewpoint the half-integer condition of Dirac is obtained, eagb4?=12n, while the symmetrical formulation requires the integer condition (eagb-ebga)4?=n. The Dirac injunction, "a string must never pass through a charged particle," is criticized as unnecessarily restrictive, owing to its origin in a classical action context. As simplified by a restriction to small momentum transfers, permitting the neglect of form-factor and vacuum-polarization effects, the dynamics of a realistic system of two spin- dyons is shown to involve the same interaction structure used in the idealized discussion.

Julian Schwinger

1975-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

487

Driver and Pedestrian Behavior at Uncontrolled Crosswalks in the Tahoe Basin Recreation Area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Tahoe Basin Recreation Area Meghan Fehlig Mitman,in the Tahoe Basin Recreation Area Submission Date: Augusttraverses rural and/or recreation areas, the findings from

Mitman, Meghan Fehlig; Cooper, Douglas; DuBose, Brooke

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

A UA study confirms that uncontrolled e-waste treatment produces carcinogenic effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for decontamination and distribution by types such as plastics, metals ... for a subsequent recycling process. During (WEEE) are not treated properly. In this sense, once reused and recycled in treatment plants, electronic to during the manufacturing or recycling processes. Recycling process Electronic waste is usually deposited

Escolano, Francisco

489

STATCOM based voltage-frequency regulation for SEIG driven by an uncontrolled speed turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article presents the analysis and the control of a stand-alone self excited induction generator (SEIG) intended for rural applications. SEIG along with the STATCOM with battery energy storage (BES) in its DC side makes it possible to control the terminal voltage and frequency during rotor speed and load variation. Constant frequency control is carried out by the load angle '?', without rotor speed control, while constant terminal voltage control is achieved via the modulation index 'm'. The 'SEIG' magnetisation characteristic and the 'STATCOM' rating are taken into consideration to determine the load interval where the terminal voltage and frequency can be controlled. The simulation results show good performances of the SEIG-STATCOM system under different perturbations.

Azzeddine Benlamoudi; Rachid Abdessemed

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Feasibility of accompanying uncontrolled linear heater with solar system innatural gas pressure drop stations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Natural gas (NG) must be preheated before pressure reduction takes places at City Gate Stations (CGS). Indirect Water Bath Gas Heaters are employed in the CGS for preheating. The heaters consume a considerable amount of NG for preheating. As low temperature is required, a solar system has been proposed to provide part of heat demand. The system consists of a collector array and a storage tank. The tank stores solar heat during the day and releases it during the night. To show the capabilities of the proposed system, the Akand CGS has been chosen as a case study. The results show that as the number of collector increases, the fuel cost decreases but the capital cost increases. An optimum number of collectors and the storage tank capacity have been found based on economic analysis. The fuel saving occurs throughout the year with the maximum at June. The economic feasibility study of the proposed system has been carried out using two methods. These methods are Simple Payback Ratio (SPR) and (Net Present Value) NPV. The first one unveils that the payback ratio is only 6.9 years. The NPV method shows that the system will give net benefit after 11 years.

M. Farzaneh-Gord; A. Arabkoohsar; M. Deymi Dasht-bayaz; V. Farzaneh-Kord

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Causal Analysis of the Inadvertent Contact with an Uncontrolled Electrical Hazardous Energy Source (120 Volts AC)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On September 25, 2013, a Health Physics Technician (HPT) was performing preparations to support a pneumatic transfer from the HFEF Decon Cell to the Room 130 Glovebox in HFEF, per HFEF OI 3165 section 3.5, Field Preparations. This activity involves an HPT setting up and climbing a portable ladder to remove the 14-C meter probe from above ball valve HBV-7. The HPT source checks the meter and probe and then replaces the probe above HBV-7, which is located above Hood ID# 130 HP. At approximately 13:20, while reaching past the HBV-7 valve position indicator switches in an attempt to place the 14-C meter probe in the desired location, the HPTs left forearm came in contact with one of the three sets of exposed terminals on the valve position indication switches for HBV 7. This resulted in the HPT receiving an electrical shock from a 120 Volt AC source. Upon moving the arm, following the electrical shock, the HPT noticed two exposed electrical connections on a switch. The HPT then notified the HFEF HPT Supervisor, who in turn notified the MFC Radiological Controls Manager and HFEF Operations Manager of the situation. Work was stopped in the area and the hazard was roped off and posted to prevent access to the hazard. The HPT was escorted by the HPT Supervisor to the MFC Dispensary and then preceded to CFA medical for further evaluation. The individual was evaluated and released without any medical restrictions. Causal Factor (Root Cause) A3B3C01/A5B2C08: - Knowledge based error/Attention was given to wrong issues - Written Communication content LTA, Incomplete/situation not covered The Causal Factor (root cause) was attention being given to the wrong issues during the creation, reviews, verifications, and actual performance of HFEF OI-3165, which covers the need to perform the weekly source check and ensure placement of the probe prior to performing a rabbit transfer. This resulted in the hazard not being identified and mitigated in the procedure. Work activities with in HFEF-OI-3165 placed the HPT in proximity of an unmitigated hazard directly resulting in this event. Contributing Factor A3B3C04/A4B5C04: - Knowledge Based Error, LTA Review Based on Assumption That Process Will Not Change - Change Management LTA, Risks/consequences associated with change not adequately reviewed/assessed Prior to the pneumatic system being out of service, the probe and meter were not being source checked together. The source check issue was identified and addressed during the period of time when the system was out of service. The corrective actions for this issue resulted in the requirement that a meter and probe be source checked together as it is intended to be used. This changed the activity and required an HPT to weekly, when in use, remove and install the probe from above HBV-7 to meet the requirement of LRD 15001 Part 5 Article 551.5. Risks and consequences associated with this change were not adequately reviewed or assessed. Failure to identify the hazard associated with this change directly contributed to this event.

David E. James; Dennis E. Raunig; Sean S. Cunningham

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

WASTE CONDITIONING FOR TANK HEEL TRANSFER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the research carried out at Florida International University's Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology (FIU-HCET) for the fiscal year 1998 (FY98) under the Tank Focus Area (TFA) project ''Waste Conditioning for Tank Slurry Transfer.'' The objective of this project is to determine the effect of chemical and physical properties on the waste conditioning process and transfer. The focus of this research consisted in building a waste conditioning experimental facility to test different slurry simulants under different conditions, and analyzing their chemical and physical properties. This investigation would provide experimental data and analysis results that can make the tank waste conditioning process more efficient, improve the transfer system, and influence future modifications to the waste conditioning and transfer system. A waste conditioning experimental facility was built in order to test slurry simulants. The facility consists of a slurry vessel with several accessories for parameter control and sampling. The vessel also has a lid system with a shaft-mounted propeller connected to an air motor. In addition, a circulation system is connected to the slurry vessel for simulant cooling and heating. Experimental data collection and analysis of the chemical and physical properties of the tank slurry simulants has been emphasized. For this, one waste slurry simulant (Fernald) was developed, and another two simulants (SRS and Hanford) obtained from DOE sites were used. These simulants, composed of water, soluble metal salts, and insoluble solid particles, were used to represent the actual radioactive waste slurries from different DOE sites. The simulants' chemical and physical properties analyzed include density, viscosity, pH, settling rate, and volubility. These analyses were done to samples obtained from different experiments performed at room temperature but different mixing time and strength. The experimental results indicate that the viscosity of the slurries follow the Bingham plastic model, especially when the solids concentration is increased. At low concentrations slurries may behave as Newtonian fluids. The three simulants follow a similar settling rate behavior. This behavior can be explained as a combination of one or more decreasing exponential curves. This means that the particle settling rate of the simulants decreases exponentially as time increases. The pH range for the three simulants was from 8 to 13 at all concentrations. The SRS simulant showed the highest pH, around 12; the other two simulants, Hanford and Fernald, had about the same pH range, from 3 to 9. When comparing volubility of the three simulants at the same concentration, SRS simulant showed higher volubility, followed by the Hanford simulant and the Fernald simulant, in that order. Further work is scheduled for next year (FY99) in this project, when other parameters like simulants particle size distribution, particle shape, and crystallization behavior will be studied. The same tests performed this period also will be performed at different temperatures for data comparison.

M.A. Ebadian, Ph.D.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Soot formation modelling of n-heptane sprays under diesel engine conditions using the Conditional Moment Closure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Soot formation modelling of n-heptane sprays under diesel engine conditions using the Conditional-volume vessel under diesel engine conditions under different ambient densities (14.8 and 30 kg/m3 ) and ambient that the conditional moment closure approach is a promising framework for soot modelling under Diesel engine conditions

Daraio, Chiara

494

Innovative Systems for Solar Air Conditioning of Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar air conditioning is an attractive technology to achieve comfortable room conditions, especially in hot and sunny climates. In particular air conditioning systems based on sorption technologies offer several advantages as they can be designed...

Kessling, W.; Peltzer, M.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Analysis of Air Conditioning Effectiveness vs. Outdoor Conditions: Traditional Bins or Joint Frequency Bins?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are a number of methods used to estimate the effectiveness of air conditioning equipment in handling loads. Full hourly computer simulations are probably the most accurate, but lack flexibility and are more cumbersome to use than more compact...

Cohen, B. M.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Nonparametric Tests of Moment Condition Stability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are interested in whether or not ? is constant. To reformulate it into an inference problem of moment stability, let zt = (yt , x#4;t )#4; and m(zt ,?) = ( yt ? x#4;t ? ) xt . Then, under the null hypothesis that ? is constant, the moment condition (2.1) holds... for all t . Otherwise, for any vector ? of constants, E(m(zt ,?)) #5;= 0 for some nonnegligible fraction of the sample. Most studies in the literature consider the case where the distribution of xt is assumed to be stationary. Furthermore, we may allow...

Juhl, Ted P.; Xiao, Zhijie

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

The JANA Calibrations and Conditions Database API  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Calibrations and conditions databases can be accessed from within the JANA Event Processing framework through the API defined in its JCalibration base class. The API is designed to support everything from databases, to web services to flat files for the backend. A Web Service backend using the gSOAP toolkit has been implemented which is particularly interesting since it addresses many modern cybersecurity issues including support for SSL. The API allows constants to be retrieved through a single line of C++ code with most of the context, including the transport mechanism, being implied by the run currently being analyzed and the environment relieving developers from implementing such details.

David Lawrence

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION IN TUFF UNDER UNSATURATED CONDITIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An understanding of the transport of radionuclides through unsaturated and saturated tuffaceous material is essential in assessing the safety of the proposed high-level waste repository at Yucca Mountain. Migration experiments with conservative and chemically reactive non-radioactive tracers have been performed at the Busted Butte Unsaturated Zone underground facility, SE of Yucca Mountain, and with radionuclides in columns of crushed tuff at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. In this paper, complementary radionuclide migration experiments, performed under unsaturated conditions in a small block of tuff excavated from Busted Butte, are described.

T.T. Vandergraaf

2000-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

499

Energy Department Conditionally Authorizes Oregon LNG to Export...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Energy Department Conditionally Authorizes Oregon LNG to Export Liquefied Natural Gas Energy Department Conditionally Authorizes Oregon LNG to Export Liquefied Natural Gas July 31,...

500

The Constant Rank Condition and Second Order Constraint ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nov 13, 2009 ... The Constant Rank condition for feasible points of nonlinear ... stant Rank condition is, in addition, a second order constraint qualification.

2009-11-13T23:59:59.000Z