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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Traffic condition tracking and visualization in virtual city testbed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer traffic simulation is a tool widely used to understand how humans behave under varying traffic conditions. The Virtual City Testbed is a traffic simulation framework built to closely model human behavior by allowing ...

Zhu, Boyuan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Real-time highway traffic condition assessment framework using vehicle-infrastructure integration (VII) with artificial intelligence (AI)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a framework for real-time highway traffic condition assessment using vehicle kinetic information, which is likely to be made available from vehicle-infrastructure integration (VII) systems, in which vehicle and infrastructure agents ... Keywords: artificial intelligence (AI), incident detection, vehicle kinetics, vehicle-infrastructure integration (VII)

Yongchang Ma; Mashrur Chowdhury; Adel Sadek; Mansoureh Jeihani

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Anisotropic mesoscopic traffic simulation approach to support large-scale traffic and logistic modeling and analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-scale traffic and transportation logistics analysis requires a realistic depiction of network traffic condition in a dynamic manner. In the past decades, vehicular traffic simulation approaches have been increasingly developed and applied to describe ...

Ye Tian; Yi-Chang Chiu

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Assessing the Impact of Weather on Traffic Intensity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the effect of weather conditions on daily traffic intensities (the number of cars passing a specific segment of a road). The main objective is to examination whether or not weather conditions uniformly alter daily traffic ...

Mario Cools; Elke Moons; Geert Wets

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Application and numerical investigation of wavelet transform for traffic data denoising  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Good fitting of traffic data is important to traffic study because initial and boundary conditions of dynamic traffic models and relationships among traffic variables are dependent on the calibration of data. In this paper, a denoising method of traffic ... Keywords: data preprocessing, daubechies wavelets, denoise, speed-density relation, wavelet transform

Shih-Ching Lo; Chih-Ku Fan

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Freeway Short-Term Traffic Flow Forecasting by Considering Traffic Volatility Dynamics and Missing Data Situations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Short-term traffic flow forecasting is a critical function in advanced traffic management systems (ATMS) and advanced traveler information systems (ATIS). Accurate forecasting results are useful to indicate future traffic conditions and assist traffic managers in seeking solutions to congestion problems on urban freeways and surface streets. There is new research interest in short-term traffic flow forecasting due to recent developments in ITS technologies. Previous research involves technologies in multiple areas, and a significant number of forecasting methods exist in literature. However, forecasting reliability is not properly addressed in existing studies. Most forecasting methods only focus on the expected value of traffic flow, assuming constant variance when perform forecasting. This method does not consider the volatility nature of traffic flow data. This paper demonstrated that the variance part of traffic flow data is not constant, and dependency exists. A volatility model studies the dependency among the variance part of traffic flow data and provides a prediction range to indicate the reliability of traffic flow forecasting. We proposed an ARIMA-GARCH (Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average- AutoRegressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity) model to study the volatile nature of traffic flow data. Another problem of existing studies is that most methods have limited forecasting abilities when there is missing data in historical or current traffic flow data. We developed a General Regression Neural Network(GRNN) based multivariate forecasting method to deal with this issue. This method uses upstream information to predict traffic flow at the studied site. The study results indicate that the ARIMA-GARCH model outperforms other methods in non-missing data situations, while the GRNN model performs better in missing data situations.

Zhang, Yanru

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Mitigating the Impacts of Uncontrolled Air Flow on Indoor Environmental Quality and Energy Demand in Non-Residential Buildings  

SciTech Connect

This multi-faceted study evaluated several aspects of uncontrolled air flows in commercial buildings in both Northern and Southern climates. Field data were collected from 25 small commercial buildings in New York State to understand baseline conditions for Northern buildings. Laboratory wall assembly testing was completed at Syracuse University to understand the impact of typical air leakage pathways on heat and moisture transport within wall assemblies for both Northern and Southern building applications. The experimental data from the laboratory tests were used to verify detailed heat and moisture (HAM) simulation models that could be used to evaluate a wider array of building applications and situations. Whole building testing at FSEC's Building Science Laboratory (BSL) systematically evaluated the energy and IAQ impacts of duct leakage with various attic and ceiling configurations. This systematic test carefully controlled all aspects of building performance to quantify the impact of duct leakage and unbalanced flow. The newest features of the EnergyPlus building simulation tool were used to model the combined impacts of duct leakage, ceiling leakage, unbalanced flows, and air conditioner performance. The experimental data provided the basis to validate the simulation model so it could be used to study the impact of duct leakage over a wide range of climates and applications. The overall objective of this project was to transfer work and knowledge that has been done on uncontrolled air flow in non-residential buildings in Florida to a national basis. This objective was implemented by means of four tasks: (1) Field testing and monitoring of uncontrolled air flow in a sample of New York buildings; (2) Detailed wall assembly laboratory measurements and modeling; (3) Whole building experiments and simulation of uncontrolled air flows; and (4) Develop and implement training on uncontrolled air flows for Practitioners in New York State.

Hugh I. Henderson; Jensen Zhang; James B. Cummings; Terry Brennan

2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

8

Mitigating the Impacts of Uncontrolled Air Flow on Indoor Environmental Quality and Energy Demand in Non-Residential Buildings  

SciTech Connect

This multi-faceted study evaluated several aspects of uncontrolled air flows in commercial buildings in both Northern and Southern climates. Field data were collected from 25 small commercial buildings in New York State to understand baseline conditions for Northern buildings. Laboratory wall assembly testing was completed at Syracuse University to understand the impact of typical air leakage pathways on heat and moisture transport within wall assemblies for both Northern and Southern building applications. The experimental data from the laboratory tests were used to verify detailed heat and moisture (HAM) simulation models that could be used to evaluate a wider array of building applications and situations. Whole building testing at FSEC's Building Science Laboratory (BSL) systematically evaluated the energy and IAQ impacts of duct leakage with various attic and ceiling configurations. This systematic test carefully controlled all aspects of building performance to quantify the impact of duct leakage and unbalanced flow. The newest features of the EnergyPlus building simulation tool were used to model the combined impacts of duct leakage, ceiling leakage, unbalanced flows, and air conditioner performance. The experimental data provided the basis to validate the simulation model so it could be used to study the impact of duct leakage over a wide range of climates and applications. The overall objective of this project was to transfer work and knowledge that has been done on uncontrolled air flow in non-residential buildings in Florida to a national basis. This objective was implemented by means of four tasks: (1) Field testing and monitoring of uncontrolled air flow in a sample of New York buildings; (2) Detailed wall assembly laboratory measurements and modeling; (3) Whole building experiments and simulation of uncontrolled air flows; and (4) Develop and implement training on uncontrolled air flows for Practitioners in New York State.

Hugh I. Henderson; Jensen Zhang; James B. Cummings; Terry Brennan

2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

9

Getting Traffic Lights Talking to Improve Topeka's Traffic Tunnel |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Getting Traffic Lights Talking to Improve Topeka's Traffic Tunnel Getting Traffic Lights Talking to Improve Topeka's Traffic Tunnel Getting Traffic Lights Talking to Improve Topeka's Traffic Tunnel October 8, 2010 - 11:16am Addthis Topeka is using Recovery Act funding to resynchronize 22 traffic lights. | Photo by Linda Voss Topeka is using Recovery Act funding to resynchronize 22 traffic lights. | Photo by Linda Voss Lindsay Gsell The five-lane 21st street corridor in Topeka is a hub for restaurants, shopping and entertainment. "This is where everyone in Topeka goes to shop," says Topeka resident Linda Voss. In addition to food and fun, the one-mile corridor is home to seven traffic lights-and for drivers, a potential traffic stop every 754 feet, or a little more than two football fields. "The traffic signals are a challenge to time in this area," says Voss,

10

Localization of shallow gas deposits and uncontrolled gas flows in young and unconsolidated sediments by geophysical methods  

SciTech Connect

The great mass of Neogene sediments in the Hungarian basin, where several hydrocarbon accumulations are known, is affected by Pliocene strike-slip movements, resulting in many [open quotes]flower structures.[close quotes] The gas may migrate from the reservoirs upward to the surface along the faults. Thus, shallow gas deposits can be located in the young, unconsolidated sands. There are also several shallow gas deposits derived from uncontrolled gas flows. In Hungary, the shallow gas reservoirs, which are small but increasingly important, have not yet been explored properly. However, the depleting gas may pollute the water in the soil as well as cause explosions. Our purpose is to develop inexpensive, complete, and highly sophisticated field- and data-processing techniques and an integrated complex of geophysical methods in order to define the limits of shallow gas deposits. To avoid anomalous behavior on seismic sections of the depleting gas, we started from uncontrolled gas flows which require special velocity and amplitude vs. offset analyses. In addition, natural and controlled source electromagnetic/electric surveys with various parameters were applied. An industrial-scale seismic section over an uncontrolled gas flow, special sections over flower structures and geoelectric sections, and a magnetic map are presented. The integrated complex of geophysical methods outlined above is being developed in order to establish the conditions for the exploration of gas reservoirs which have been used close to their locality and which could be recovered inexpensively.

Csoergei, J.; Kummer, I.; Papa, A.; Sipos, J.; Solyom, I.; Takacs, E.; Timar, Z. (Eotvos Lorand Geophysical Institute of Hungary, Budapest (Hungary)); Keresztes, T. (MOL RT, Budapest (Hungary))

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Airborne Traffic Flow Data and Traffic Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. N. Johnson (1928), "Maryland Aerial Survey of Highway Traffic Between Baltimore and Washington-lane highway between Baltimore and Washington #12;atlas Johnson's Aerial Photography Source: Johnson (1928) #12 it could well be that aerial photographs will prove comparatively cheap" (p. 297). B. D. Greenshields (1947

Bertini, Robert L.

12

Traffic Toll of Wildlife  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

which continues to increase. The first study of this traffic hazard was made by W. P. Flint of the Illinois Natural History Survey. He kept year-round records during 1930, 1931...

13

Analysis of airspace traffic structure and air traffic control techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air traffic controller cognitive processes are a limiting factor in providing safe and efficient flow of traffic. Therefore, there has been work in understanding the factors that drive controllers decision-making processes. ...

De Albuquerque Filho, Emilio Alverne Falcão

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Streamlining Transportation Corridor Planning Processess: Freight and Traffic Information  

SciTech Connect

The traffic investigation is one of the most important parts of an Environmental Impact Statement of projects involving the construction of new roadway facilities and/or the improvement of existing ones. The focus of the traffic analysis is on the determination of anticipated traffic flow characteristics of the proposed project, by the application of analytical methods that can be grouped under the umbrella of capacity analysis methodologies. In general, the main traffic parameter used in EISs to describe the quality of traffic flow is the Level of Service (LOS). The current state of the practice in terms of the traffic investigations for EISs has two main shortcomings. The first one is related to the information that is necessary to conduct the traffic analysis, and specifically to the lack of integration among the different transportation models and the sources of information that, in general, reside in GIS databases. A discussion of the benefits of integrating CRS&SI technologies and the transportation models used in the EIS traffic investigation is included. The second shortcoming is in the presentation of the results, both in terms of the appearance and formatting, as well as content. The presentation of traffic results (current and proposed) is discussed. This chapter also addresses the need of additional data, in terms of content and coverage. Regarding the former, other traffic parameters (e.g., delays) that are more meaningful to non-transportation experts than LOS, as well as additional information (e.g., freight flows) that can impact traffic conditions and safety are discussed. Spatial information technologies can decrease the negative effects of, and even eliminate, these shortcomings by making the relevant information that is input to the models more complete and readily available, and by providing the means to communicate the results in a more clear and efficient manner. The benefits that the application and use of CRS&SI technologies can provide to improve and expedite the traffic investigation part of the EIS process are presented.

Franzese, Oscar [ORNL

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Impacts of restoration of an uncontrolled phosphogypsum dumpsite on the seasonal distribution of abiotic variables,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impacts of restoration of an uncontrolled phosphogypsum dumpsite on the seasonal distribution . Phosphogypsum restoration Introduction Coastal solar salterns are artificial and transitional eco- systems Mediterranean coast and which suffered from pollution by phosphogypsum (Rekik et al. 2012) Environ Monit Assess

16

Structural analysis of network traffic flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Network traffic arises from the superposition of Origin-Destination (OD) flows. Hence, a thorough understanding of OD flows is essential for modeling network traffic, and for addressing a wide variety of problems including traffic engineering, traffic ... Keywords: network traffic analysis, principal component analysis, traffic engineering

Anukool Lakhina; Konstantina Papagiannaki; Mark Crovella; Christophe Diot; Eric D. Kolaczyk; Nina Taft

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Fermilab | Traffic Safety at Fermilab |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photo of Street Sign: No Cell Phones While Driving Photo of Street Sign: No Cell Phones While Driving Remember: No on-site cell phone use while driving. Speed limits: Don't let warm weather give you a lead foot The roads are clear, the sun is bright, and the urge to drive a little faster is lurking in the back of our minds. We have our sunglasses on and are flexing our hands in our driving gloves. But before you hit the accelerator take five seconds and think. Remember that posted speeds on site take into consideration visibility, road width and conditions, traffic patterns and other safety factors. Double yellow lines and warning signs are posted to augment safety considerations in that area as well. Fermilab has adopted, as a minimum standard, portions of the State of Illinois Vehicle Code and the Rules of the Road. These are the same

18

COPE: traffic engineering in dynamic networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traffic engineering plays a critical role in determining the performance and reliability of a network. A major challenge in traffic engineering is how to cope with dynamic and unpredictable changes in traffic demand. In this paper, we propose COPE, a ... Keywords: COPE, oblivious routing, optimization, traffic engineering, unpredictable traffic

Hao Wang; Haiyong Xie; Lili Qiu; Yang Richard Yang; Yin Zhang; Albert Greenberg

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Leveraging router programmability for traffic matrix computation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traffic matrices are used by Internet Service Providers as an input for many business-critical activities like capacity planning and traffic engineering. Despite their importance, current approaches for computing traffic matrices are either unpractical ...

Giacomo Balestra; Salvatore Luciano; Maurizio Pizzonia; Stefano Vissicchio

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Traffic observation and situation assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilization of camera systems for surveillance tasks (e. g. traffic monitoring) has become a standard procedure and has been in use for over 20 years. However, most of the cameras are operated locally and data analyzed manually. Locally means here a ... Keywords: cooperative distributed vision, multi-camera orientation, multi-camera system, multi-target tracking, situation, traffic observation

Ralf Reulke; Dominik Rueß; Kristian Manthey; Andreas Luber

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Fast monitoring of traffic subpopulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Network accounting, forensics, security, and performance monitoring applications often need to examine detailed traces from subsets of flows ("subpopulations"), where the application desires flexibility in specifying the subpopulation (e.g., to detect ... Keywords: counters, flexsample, sampling, traffic statistics, traffic subpopulations

Anirudh Ramachandran; Srinivasan Seetharaman; Nick Feamster; Vijay Vazirani

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

FAQS Reference Guide - Transportation and Traffic Management...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transportation and Traffic Management FAQS Reference Guide - Transportation and Traffic Management This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the September 2002...

23

FAQS Reference Guide - Transportation and Traffic Management...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FAQS Reference Guide - Transportation and Traffic Management FAQS Reference Guide - Transportation and Traffic Management This reference guide addresses the competency statements...

24

Test instances for the traffic assignment problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Test instances for the traffic assignment problem. F. Babonneau. ?. J.-P. Vial. ?. January 8, 2008. Abstract. This short note on the Traffic Assignment Problem ...

25

Real-Time Traffic Information for Emergency Evacuations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are many instances in which it is possible to plan ahead for an emergency evacuation (e.g., a chemical processing facility explosion). For those cases, if an accident were to happen, then the best evacuation plan for the prevailing network and weather conditions would be deployed. In other cases (e.g., the derailment of a train transporting hazardous materials), there may not be any previously developed plan to be implemented, and decisions must be made ad-hoc on how to proceed with an emergency evacuation. In both situations, the availability of real-time traffic information plays a critical role in the management of the evacuation operations. Due to cost constraints, only large urban areas have traffic sensor deployments that permit access to some sort of real-time traffic information; an evacuation taking place in other areas of the country would have to proceed without real-time traffic information. In order to improve operations during a vehicular emergency evacuation anywhere, a system of sensors that uses newly developed real-time traffic-information-gathering technologies to assess traffic conditions and to detect incidents on the main evacuation routes is presented in this paper. A series of tests, both in a controlled environment and in the field, were conducted to study the feasibility of such a system of traffic sensors and to assess its ability to provide real-time traffic information during an emergency evacuation. The results of these tests indicated that the prototype sensors are reliable and accurate for the type of application that is the focus of this paper.

Franzese, Oscar [ORNL; Zhang, Li [Mississippi State University (MSU); Mahmoud, Anas M. [Mississippi State University (MSU)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Road traffic model using distributed camera network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traffic monitoring/prediction using a distributed camera network is presented in this paper. The activities on each road link are monitored and features are derived to identify the pattern. Then it is learnt, classified, predicted and communicated to ... Keywords: hidden Markov model, spatial interest points, spatial-temporal interest points, traffic classification, traffic prediction, traffic surveillance

S. Indu; Sankalp Arora; Santanu Chaudhury; Asok Bhattacharyya

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Conceptual and Scaling Evaluation of Vehicle Traffic Thermal Effects on Snow/Ice-Covered Roads  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential thermal effects of traffic on road surface thermal energy balance under frost/snow cover conditions have been largely ignored in meteorological evaluations of road ice deposit conditions. Preliminary exploration of these effects, ...

Joseph M. Prusa; Moti Segal; Bradley R. Temeyer; William A. Gallus Jr.; Eugene S. Takle

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Virtual urban traffic network simulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this project, I designed and implemented a virtual urban traffic network simulator. The simulator serves as a testbed for human-subject experiments to determine driver behavior in road networks and also as a platform ...

Uh, Jason (Jason J.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

A new hybrid traffic engineering routing algorithm for bandwidth guaranteed traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new hybrid traffic engineering routing algorithm for bandwidth guaranteed traffic. Former traffic engineering routing algorithms mainly optimize one of the three objectives: minimizing the hop count, balancing the load and minimizing ...

Zhaowei Meng; Jinshu Su; Stefano Avallone

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

On performance evaluation of handling streaming traffic in IP networks using TFRC protocol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the performance evaluation of handling streaming traffic in IP best effort networks using TFRC protocol. In our studies we check and discuss an influence of video on demand traffic and different network conditions on TFRC congestion ... Keywords: IP network, TCP-friendly, best-effort, video on demand

Kacper Kurowski; Halina Tarasiuk

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Novel hybrid approach to data-packet-flow prediction for improving network traffic analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forecast of the flow of data packets between client and server for a network traffic analysis is viewed as a part of web analytics. Thousands of web-smart businesses depend on web analytics to improve website conversions, reduce marketing costs, facilitate ... Keywords: Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system, Flow of data packets, Network traffic analysis, Nonlinear generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity, Quantum minimization

Bao Rong Chang; Hsiu Fen Tsai

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Mixed Manual/Semi-Automated Traffic: A Macroscopic Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Traffic Flow with Mixed Manual and Semi- Automatedof Mixed Semi-Automated/Manual Traffic”, SAE Technical Paperof traffic flow with mixed manual and semi- automated

Bose, Arnab; Ioannou, Petros

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Modeling self-organizing traffic lights with elementary cellular automata  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There have been several highway traffic models proposed based on cellular automata. The simplest one is elementary cellular automaton rule 184. We extend this model to city traffic with cellular automata coupled at intersections using only rules 184, 252, and 136. The simplicity of the model offers a clear understanding of the main properties of city traffic and its phase transitions. We use the proposed model to compare two methods for coordinating traffic lights: a green-wave method that tries to optimize phases according to expected flows and a self-organizing method that adapts to the current traffic conditions. The self-organizing method delivers considerable improvements over the green-wave method. For low densities, the self-organizing method promotes the formation and coordination of platoons that flow freely in four directions, i.e. with a maximum velocity and no stops. For medium densities, the method allows a constant usage of the intersections, exploiting their maximum flux capacity. For high dens...

Gershenson, Carlos

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Multi-intersection Traffic Light Control Using Infinitesimal Perturbation Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We address the traffic light control problem for multiple intersections in tandem by viewing it as a stochastic hybrid system and developing a Stochastic Flow Model (SFM) for it. Using Infinitesimal Perturbation Analysis (IPA), we derive on-line gradient estimates of a cost metric with respect to the controllable green and red cycle lengths. The IPA estimators obtained require counting traffic light switchings and estimating car flow rates only when specific events occur. The estimators are used to iteratively adjust light cycle lengths to improve performance and, in conjunction with a standard gradient-based algorithm, to obtain optimal values which adapt to changing traffic conditions. Simulation results are included to illustrate the approach.

Geng, Yanfeng

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Overview and Principles of Internet Traffic Engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This memo describes the principles of Traffic Engineering (TE) in the Internet. The document is intended to promote better understanding of the issues surrounding traffic engineering in IP networks, and to provide a common basis for the development ...

D. Awduche; A. Chiu; A. Elwalid; I. Widjaja; X. Xiao

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Assessment of potential radiation exposures by uncontrolled recycle or reuse of radioactive scrap metals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With current waste monitoring technology it is reasonable to assume that much of the material designated as low-level waste, generated within nuclear facilities, is in fact uncontaminated. A criterion for uncontrolled disposal of low-level radioactive contaminated waste is that the radiation exposure of the public and of each individual caused by this disposal is so low that radiation protection measures need not be taken. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) suggests an annual effective dose of 10 {micro}Sv as a limit for the individual radiation dose and derived the initial control levels of residual radioactivity based on the Publication 30 of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). In 1990, new recommendations on radiation protection standards were developed by ICRP to take into account new biological information related to the detriment associated with radiation exposure. Adoption of these recommendations necessitated a revision of the Commission's secondary limits contained in Publication 30. This study summarizes the potential radiation exposure from valuable scrap metal considered for uncontrolled recycle by new ICRP recommendations. Potential exposure pathways to people were analyzed and concentrations leading to an individual dose of 10 {micro}Sv/year were calculated for 14 key radionuclides. These potential radiation doses are compared with the results of previous study.

Lee, S.Y.; Lee, K.J.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Road traffic congestion in the developing world  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Road traffic jams continue to remain a major problem in most cities around the world, especially in developing regions resulting in massive delays, increased fuel wastage and monetary losses. Due to the poorly planned road networks, a common outcome ... Keywords: congestion collapse, simulation, traffic congestion, traffic detection

Vipin Jain; Ashlesh Sharma; Lakshminarayanan Subramanian

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Manifold learning visualization of network traffic data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When traffic anomalies or intrusion attempts occur on the network, we expect that the distribution of network traffic will change. Monitoring the network for changes over time, across space (at various routers in the network), over source and destination ... Keywords: data mining, internet traffic anomaly detection & forensics

Neal Patwari; Alfred O. Hero, III; Adam Pacholski

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Spatiotemporal periodical pattern mining in traffic data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The widespread use of road sensors has generated huge amount of traffic data, which can be mined and put to various different uses. Finding frequent trajectories from the road network of a big city helps in summarizing the way the traffic behaves in ... Keywords: KL-divergence, density-based clustering, periodic patterns, probability distribution matrices, road network, spatiotemporal data, traffic data

Tanvi Jindal, Prasanna Giridhar, Lu-An Tang, Jun Li, Jiawei Han

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Dimensioning optical networks under traffic growth models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider the problem of dimensioning a large optical wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) network assuming the traffic is growing over time. Traffic between pairs of nodes is carried through lightpaths which are high-bandwidth end-to-end ... Keywords: capacity allocation, capacity exhaustion probability, stochastic modeling, traffic growth model

Tapan Kumar Nayak; Kumar N. Sivarajan

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

On many-server queues in heavy traffic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We establish a heavy-traffic limit theorem on convergence in distribution for the number of customers in a many-server queue when the number of servers tends to infinity. No critical loading condition is assumed. Generally, the limit process does not have trajectories in the Skorohod space. We give conditions for the convergence to hold in the topology of compact convergence. Some new results for an infinite server are also provided.

Puhalskii, Anatolii A; 10.1214/09-AAP604

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

U-134: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets 4: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service U-134: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service March 27, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service PLATFORM: Versions prior to 3.0.4 and 3.1.3 ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Apache Traffic Server. A remote user can cause denial of service conditions. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026847 CVE-2012-0256 Secunia Advisory SA48509 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A remote user can send a request with a specially crafted 'Host' header value to trigger a heap allocation error and cause the target service to crash. Impact: A remote user can cause the target service to crash.

43

U-134: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

34: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets 34: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service U-134: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service March 27, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Apache Traffic Server Host Header Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service PLATFORM: Versions prior to 3.0.4 and 3.1.3 ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Apache Traffic Server. A remote user can cause denial of service conditions. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026847 CVE-2012-0256 Secunia Advisory SA48509 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A remote user can send a request with a specially crafted 'Host' header value to trigger a heap allocation error and cause the target service to crash. Impact: A remote user can cause the target service to crash.

44

FAQS Qualification Card - Transportation and Traffic Management |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transportation and Traffic Management Transportation and Traffic Management FAQS Qualification Card - Transportation and Traffic Management A key element for the Department's Technical Qualification Programs is a set of common Functional Area Qualification Standards (FAQS) and associated Job Task Analyses (JTA). These standards are developed for various functional areas of responsibility in the Department, including oversight of safety management programs identified as hazard controls in Documented Safety Analyses (DSA). For each functional area, the FAQS identify the minimum technical competencies and supporting knowledge and skills for a typical qualified individual working in the area. FAQC-TransportationAndTrafficManagement.docx Description Transportation and Traffic Management Qualification Card

45

Challenging the supremacy of traffic matrices in anomaly detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multiple network-wide anomaly detection techniques proposed in the literature define an anomaly as a statistical outlier in aggregated network traffic. The most popular way to aggregate the traffic is as a Traffic Matrix, where the traffic is ... Keywords: anomaly detection, traffic aggregation

Augustin Soule; Fernando Silveira; Haakon Ringberg; Christophe Diot

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Neural Networks for Real-Time Traffic Signal Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time traffic signal control is an integral part of the urban traffic control system, and providing effective real-time traffic signal control for a large complex traffic network is an extremely challenging distributed control problem. This paper ... Keywords: Distributed control, hybrid model, neural control, online learning, traffic signal control

D. Srinivasan; Min Chee Choy; R. L. Cheu

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

A Preliminary Study on Anticipatory Stigmergy for Traffic Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose an anticipatory stigmergy model for decentralized traffic congestion management. Managing traffic congestion is one of the main issues for smart cities, and many works have been trying to address it from the IT and Transportation ... Keywords: traffic management, traffic information, traffic simulation, stigmergy

Jun Takahashi; Ryo Kanamori; Takayuki Ito

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Future Air traffic management Concepts Evaluation Tool ...  

Solar Photovoltaic; Solar Thermal; Startup ... Actual air traffic data and weather information are utilized to evaluate an aircraft’s flight-plan ...

49

Real-Time Traffic Information.pub  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Traffic Information for Emergency Evacuation Operations Research Brief Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract...

50

FRIEND: A CYBER-PHYSICAL SYSTEM FOR TRAFFIC FLOW RELATED INFORMATION AGGREGATION AND DISSEMINATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The major contribution of this thesis is to lay the theoretical foundations of FRIEND – A cyber-physical system for traffic Flow-Related Information aggrEgatioN and Dissemination. By integrating resources and capabilities at the nexus between the cyber and physical worlds, FRIEND will contribute to aggregating traffic flow data collected by the huge fleet of vehicles on our roads into a comprehensive, near real-time synopsis of traffic flow conditions. We anticipate providing drivers with a meaningful, color-coded, at-a-glance view of flow conditions ahead, alerting them to congested traffic. FRIEND can be used to provide accurate information about traffic flow and can be used to propagate this information. The workhorse of FRIEND is the ubiquitous lane delimiters (a.k.a. cat’s eyes) on our roadways that, at the moment, are used simply as dumb reflectors. Our main vision is that by endowing cat’s eyes with a modest power source, detection and communication capabilities they will play an important role in collecting, aggregating and disseminating traffic flow conditions to the driving public. We envision the cat’s eyes system to be supplemented by road-side units (RSU) deployed at regular intervals (e.g. every kilometer or so). The RSUs placed on opposite sides of the roadway constitute a logical

Samy S. El-tawab; Stephan Olariu (director; Hussein Abdel-wahab (member; Michele C. Weigle (member; Samy S. El-tawab; Director Dr. Stephan Olariu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp November 30, 2010 - 10:19am Addthis Red. Yellow. Green. What LED traffic signals don't say: Made...

52

Stability issues for dynamic traffic assignment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores stability issues for operational route guidance control strategies for vehicular traffic networks equipped with advanced information systems, and develops a general procedure for the stability analysis of the associated dynamic traffic ... Keywords: Dynamical systems, Feedback control, Lyapunov methods, Stability analysis

S. Peeta; T. -H. Yang

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

On Mobile Agents Resistance to Traffic Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper will concern itself with a formulation of a traffic analysis problem for mobile agents. It is an interesting theoretical problem as well as a critical feature when using agents on a massive scale in decision making systems. The decision making ... Keywords: Mobile agents security, security protocols, side channel attacks, traffic analysis

Kamil Kulesza; Zbigniew Kotulski; Konrad Kulesza

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Traffic data repository at the WIDE project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It becomes increasingly important for both network researchers and operators to know the trend of network traffic and to find anomaly in their network traffic. This paper describes an on-going effort within the WIDE project to collect a set of free tools ...

Kenjiro Cho; Koushirou Mitsuya; Akira Kato

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

A Cooperative Approach to Interdomain Traffic Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For performance or cost reasons, Autonomous Systems (AS) often need to control the flow of their incoming interdomain traffic. Controlling its incoming traffic is a difficult task since it often implies influencing ASes on the path. The current BGP-based techniques that an AS can use for this purpose are primitive. Moreover, their effect is often difficult to predict.

Bruno Quoitin; Olivier Bonaventure

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

An Exploration of the Market for Traffic Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Traffic of the Market Information by MatthewMalchowproviders then market their information to broadcastAn Exploration of the Market for Traffic Information Shirley

Chan, Shirley; Malchow, Matthew; Kanafani, Adib

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

BTS (version 1.0): Bottleneck Traffic Simulator User's Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traffic Simulator User's Manual Wei Hua Lin Randolph W. HallTraffic Simulator User’ Manual s Wei Hua Lin Randolph W.

Lin, Wei Hua; Hall, Ranolph W.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Symmetry breaking in optimal timing of traffic signals on an idealized two-way street  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simple physical models based on fluid mechanics have long been used to understand the flow of vehicular traffic on freeways; analytically tractable models of flow on an urban grid, however, have not been as extensively explored. In an ideal world, traffic signals would be timed such that consecutive lights turned green just as vehicles arrived, eliminating the need to stop at each block. Unfortunately, this "green wave" scenario is generally unworkable due to frustration imposed by competing demands of traffic moving in different directions. Until now this has typically been resolved by numerical simulation and optimization. Here, we develop a theory for the flow in an idealized system consisting of a long two-way road with periodic intersections. We show that optimal signal timing can be understood analytically and that there are counter-intuitive asymmetric solutions to this signal coordination problem. We further explore how these theoretical solutions degrade as traffic conditions vary and automotive dens...

Panaggio, Mark J; Hu, Peiguang; Abrams, Daniel M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Microsoft Word - 4L_Traffic_DEIR.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

L-1 ESA / 201074 L-1 ESA / 201074 Public Circulation Draft January 22, 2007 IV.L. Transportation/Traffic IV.L.1 Introduction This chapter evaluates project impacts on transportation facilities and existing transportation operating conditions in the vicinity of the project area, including neighborhood traffic, vehicular circulation, parking, transit and shuttle services, and pedestrian and bicycle circulation. IV.L.2 Setting LBNL is located close to three major highways: Interstate 80/580 1 approximately three miles to the west, and State Routes (SR) 24 and 13, two miles to the south. Access from the Lab to I-80/580 is through the city of Berkeley via arterial roads. Access to SR 24 and SR 13 is via Tunnel Road. Grizzly Peak Boulevard, which runs through a largely undeveloped area, provides a

60

Effect of the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801 on recovery from spinal cord injury in rats given uncontrollable stimulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The eventual outcome of spinal cord injury is largely influenced by damage that occurs after the injury. Damaged connections between spinal cord cells and the brain allow a positive feedback mechanism to go unchecked when activated by ascending pain messages. Over-excitation then causes secondary damage. This study examines whether a pharmacological manipulation that should attenuate over-excitation reduces the adverse effects of shock treatment. Rats received spinal impact injuries and, the next day, were given the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801 (0.08 mg/kg, i.p.) or its vehicle before receiving either a bout of uncontrollable stimulation or identical treatment without the stimulation itself. Their hindlimb motor activity was monitored for 21 days. Results indicate a significant effect of the drug on rats that received uncontrollable stimulation. The study has clinical implications for the treatment of spinal cord injuries in humans.

Petrich, Christine

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

On Modeling MPEG Video Traffics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper traces the development/evolution of three of our recently proposed MPEG coded video traffic models, that can capture the statistical properties of MPEG video data. The basic ideas behind these models are to decompose an MPEG compressed video sequence into several parts according to motion /scene complexity or data structure. Each part is described by a self-similar process. These different self-similar processes are then combined to form the respective models. In addition, Beta distribution is used to characterize the marginal cumulative distribution (CDF) of the self-similar processes. Comparison among the three models shows that the latest model (called the simple IPB composite model) is the most practical one in terms of accuracy and complexity. Simulations based on many real MPEG compressed movie sequences, including StarWars, have demonstrated that the simple model can capture the autocorrelation function (ACF) and the marginal CDF very closely.

Nirwan Ansari; Hai Liu; Yun Q. Shi; Senior Member; Hong Zhao

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

A Learning System for Discriminating Variants of Malicious Network Traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modern computer network defense systems rely primarily on signature-based intrusion detection tools, which generate alerts when patterns that are pre-determined to be malicious are encountered in network data streams. Signatures are created reactively, and only after in-depth manual analysis of a network intrusion. There is little ability for signature-based detectors to identify intrusions that are new or even variants of an existing attack, and little ability to adapt the detectors to the patterns unique to a network environment. Due to these limitations, the need exists for network intrusion detection techniques that can more comprehensively address both known unknown networkbased attacks and can be optimized for the target environment. This work describes a system that leverages machine learning to provide a network intrusion detection capability that analyzes behaviors in channels of communication between individual computers. Using examples of malicious and non-malicious traffic in the target environment, the system can be trained to discriminate between traffic types. The machine learning provides insight that would be difficult for a human to explicitly code as a signature because it evaluates many interdependent metrics simultaneously. With this approach, zero day detection is possible by focusing on similarity to known traffic types rather than mining for specific bit patterns or conditions. This also reduces the burden on organizations to account for all possible attack variant combinations through signatures. The approach is presented along with results from a third-party evaluation of its performance.

Beaver, Justin M [ORNL; Symons, Christopher T [ORNL; Gillen, Rob [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Traffic Conditions and Truck Accidents on Urban Freeways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Highway Safety. University of Kentucky, College ofwas conducted at the University of Kentucky in an effort to

Golob, Thomas F; Regan, Amelia C

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Stream traffic management over an ATM passive optical network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: ATM traffic management, fibre-in-the-loop, passive optical network (PON), service disciplines

Maurice Gagnaire; Sašo Stojanovski

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Modeling the Air Traffic Controller's Cognitive Projection Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cognitive projection enables the operator of a supervisory control system, such as air traffic control, to

Davison Reynolds, Hayley J

2006-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

66

Measurement and performance evaluation of NFS traffic in ATM network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article has three parts. At first, we explore traffic characterization of an ATM local area network and find the traffic presents both long and short range dependence in nature. Secondly, one long range dependent traffic model (fast fractional Gaussian ... Keywords: ATM, NFS, Traffic measurement

Jung-Shian Li; A Wolisz; R Popescu-Zeletin

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Fermilab | Traffic Safety at Fermilab | Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resources Resources Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety: Pedestrian Safety Awareness for Families Pedestrian Safety at Crosswalks Pedestrian Safety @ Fermilab Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute Take the Share The Road Quiz DuPage County Bike Maps Kane County Bike Maps League of Illinois Bicyclists State of Illinois Regional Bike Maps Rules and regulations: Fermilab traffic rules (FESHM 9010) Fermilab Today article on traffic safety on site, March 1, 2010 Illinois Rules of the Road Illinois ban of cell phone use while driving in school and construction zones (Illinois House Bill 72, passed August 6, 2009): Traffic safety: Illinois traffic safety publications Studies on distracted driving and cell-phone use while driving: http://www.nsc.org/safety_road/Distracted_Driving/Pages/distracted_driving.aspx

68

Mobile Traffic Management System Test Deployment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

operation in the Mobile TMC and video transmission to the District 12 TMC and difficulty with the wirelessoperation. The modified trailer was now capable of providing traffic data and video via wireless

Gerfen, Jeffrey Brian

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Enhanced SMART Signal system provides real-time traffic data to road users and traffic engineers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are looking for new ways to monitor and manage local traffic signal systems. Despite this growing need mobility: measuring accessibility in U.S. cities Every year, Americans face a steady stream of discouraging these reports focus almost exclusively on traffic mobility--how quickly travelers can move between any two

Minnesota, University of

70

Real-time network traffic prediction based on a multiscale decomposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The presence of the complex scaling behavior in network traffic makes accurate forecasting of the traffic a challenging task. In this paper we propose a multiscale decomposition approach to real time traffic prediction. The raw traffic data is first ...

Guoqiang Mao

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

SignalGuru: Leveraging mobile phones for collaborative traffic signal schedule advisory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While traffic signals are necessary to safely control competing flows of traffic, they inevitably enforce a stop-and-go movement pattern that increases fuel consumption, reduces traffic flow and causes traffic jams. These ...

Koukoumidis, Emmanouil

72

Real-Time Traffic Information for Emergency Evacuation Operations: Phase A Final Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are many instances in which it is possible to plan ahead for an emergency evacuation (e.g., an explosion at a chemical processing facility). For those cases, if an accident (or an attack) were to happen, then the best evacuation plan for the prevailing network and weather conditions would be deployed. In other cases (e.g., the derailment of a train transporting hazardous materials), there may not be any previously developed plan to be implemented and decisions must be made ad-hoc on how to proceed with an emergency evacuation. In both situations, the availability of real-time traffic information plays a critical role in the management of the evacuation operations. To improve public safety during a vehicular emergency evacuation it is necessary to detect losses of road capacity (due to incidents, for example) as early as possible. Once these bottlenecks are identified, re-routing strategies must be determined in real-time and deployed in the field to help dissipate the congestion and increase the efficiency of the evacuation. Due to cost constraints, only large urban areas have traffic sensor deployments that permit access to some sort of real-time traffic information; any evacuation taking place in any other areas of the country would have to proceed without real-time traffic information. The latter was the focus of this SERRI/DHS (Southeast Region Research Initiative/Department of Homeland Security) sponsored project. That is, the main objective on the project was to improve the operations during a vehicular emergency evacuation anywhere by using newly developed real-time traffic-information-gathering technologies to assess traffic conditions and therefore to potentially detect incidents on the main evacuation routes. Phase A of the project consisted in the development and testing of a prototype system composed of sensors that are engineered in such a way that they can be rapidly deployed in the field where and when they are needed. Each one of these sensors is also equipped with their own power supply and a GPS (Global Positioning System) device to auto-determine its spatial location on the transportation network under surveillance. The system is capable of assessing traffic parameters by identifying and re-identifying vehicles in the traffic stream as those vehicles pass over the sensors. The system of sensors transmits, through wireless communication, real-time traffic information (travel time and other parameters) to a command and control center via an NTCIP (National Transportation Communication for ITS Protocol) -compatible interface. As an alternative, an existing NTCIP-compatible system accepts the real-time traffic information mentioned and broadcasts the traffic information to emergency managers, the media and the public via the existing channels. A series of tests, both in a controlled environment and on the field, were conducted to study the feasibility of rapidly deploying the system of traffic sensors and to assess its ability to provide real-time traffic information during an emergency evacuation. The results of these tests indicated that the prototype sensors are reliable and accurate for the type of application that is the focus of this project.

Franzese, Oscar [ORNL; Zhang, Li [Mississippi State University (MSU); Mahmoud, Anas M. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Lascurain, Mary Beth [ORNL; Wen, Yi [Mississippi State University (MSU)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Safe and Efficient Traffic Flow for Aluminum Smelters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Aluminum smelter design, construction and operation requires: ... and traffic scheduling for vehicles and pedestrians throughout the Smelter.

74

Responses of wintering humpback whales to vessel traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Responses of humpback whales to vessel traffic were monitored over two winter seasons during 1983–1984 in Maui

Gordon B. Bauer; Joseph R. Mobley; Louis M. Herman

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Efficient network QoS provisioning based on per node traffic shaping  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: ATM, QoS provisioning, end-to-end delay guarantees, real-time traffic, scheduling, traffic shaping

Leonidas Georgiadis; Roch Guérin; Vinod Peris; Kumar N. Sivarajan

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Using GSM technologies to collect and supply expressway traffic information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traffic information collecting and distribution are necessary in intelligent transportation systems, which require two-way communications for cars to transmit and receive traffic information. The GSM network has an LCS function, and cell phones using ... Keywords: GSM, ITS, expressway, traffic

Junqiang Guo; Fasheng Liu; Chengjiang Li; Zhiqiang Zhu

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Author's personal copy Gasoline prices and traffic safety in Mississippi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

November 2010 Keywords: Gasoline prices Traffic crashes Traffic safety Age Gender Race Problem: Limited-grade unleaded gasoline price data from the Energy Information Administration of the U.S. Department of Energy were used to investigate the effects of gasoline prices on traffic safety by age, gender, and race

Levinson, David M.

78

Particle swarm optimization applied to vertical traffic scheduling in buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical traffic scheduling is significant in evaluating the quality of property management. An excellent vertical traffic scheduling approach aims at enhancing the system handling capacity and reducing the waiting time, journey time and energy consumption, ... Keywords: dynamic zoning, elevator group control system, particle swarm optimization, round-trip time, vertical traffic scheduling

Zhonghua Li; Hong-Zhou Tan; Yunong Zhang

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Control of Freeway Traffic Flow in Unstable Phase by Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper devises a freeway controller that is capable of stabilizing traffic flow when the traffic system is in the unstable (congested) phase, in which a shock wave is likely to occur in the presence of any inhomogeneity and where the system is on ... Keywords: $H_{infty}$ control, $H_{infty}$ control, intelligent transportation system (ITS), ramp metering, speed signaling, traffic flow control

Yi-Hsien Chiang; Jyh-Ching Juang

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

A compressive sensing-based reconstruction approach to network traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traffic matrix in a network describes the end-to-end network traffic which embodies the network-level status of communication networks from origin to destination nodes. It is an important input parameter of network traffic engineering and is very crucial ...

Laisen Nie, Dingde Jiang, Zhengzheng Xu

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Detecting intrusions in encrypted control traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because of a lack of attack signatures and different forms of attacks, signature-based network intrusion detection systems currently provide insufficient protection for industrial control traffic. A combination of two anomaly detection approaches found ... Keywords: industrial control systems, intrusion detection, smart grids

Maarten Hoeve

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Traffic and Transportation Committee October 5, 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traffic and Transportation Committee October 5, 2009 1:30 pm ­ Room 645 (6th Floor) Rice Park Construction project ­ Bob Sperling, Salt Lake City 4. Alternative Transportation update ­ Alma of session. 7. Announcements and/or new items for discussion. 8. Discussion regarding future meeting schedule

Capecchi, Mario R.

83

Bottleneck analysis and traffic congestion avoidance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the help of software such as packet sniffer one can easily intercept or capture the network packets that travel across the network. The sniffer captures these packets by setting the NIC card in the promiscuous mode and eventually decodes them and ... Keywords: NIC, libpcap, network analyzer, network monitoring, packet capture, packet sniffer, promiscuous mode, traffic analysis

M. A. Qadeer; A. H. Khan; A. A. Habeeb; M. A. Hafeez

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Does Daylight Savings Time Affect Traffic Accidents?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper studies the effect of changes in accident pattern due to Daylight Savings Time (DST). The extension of the DST in 2007 provides a natural experiment to determine whether the number of traffic accidents is affected by shifts in hours of daylight using the year as control group. Using data on traffic accidents in Texas based on crash reports provided by the Texas Transportation Institute, and a difference in differences technique, this study creates a regression model to determine how significant this factor is in affecting traffic accident patterns as observed in the data. Results show that DST has no statistically significant effect on traffic accidents of all categories including (but not limited to) highway, non-highway, and accidents, accidents with injuries and no injuries, and accidents by drivers of all age-groups. This implies that the federal government’s policy of DST (and its extension) has no costs incurred by a rise in motor vehicle crashes when it gets dark early.

Deen, Sophia 1988-

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

WebTrafMon: Web-based Internet/Intranet network traffic monitoring and analysis system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As enterprise computing environments become more network-oriented, the importance of network traffic monitoring and analysis intensifies. Most existing traffic monitoring and analysis tools focus on measuring the traffic loads of individual network segments. ... Keywords: Enterprise network management, Network traffic monitoring and analysis, Traffic management, Traffic type and source analysis, Web-based management

J. W. -K Hong; S.-S Kwon; J.-Y Kim

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Making the Traffic Operations Case for Congestion Pricing: Operational Impacts of Congestion Pricing  

SciTech Connect

Congestion begins when an excess of vehicles on a segment of roadway at a given time, resulting in speeds that are significantly slower than normal or 'free flow' speeds. Congestion often means stop-and-go traffic. The transition occurs when vehicle density (the number of vehicles per mile in a lane) exceeds a critical level. Once traffic enters a state of congestion, recovery or time to return to a free-flow state is lengthy; and during the recovery process, delay continues to accumulate. The breakdown in speed and flow greatly impedes the efficient operation of the freeway system, resulting in economic, mobility, environmental and safety problems. Freeways are designed to function as access-controlled highways characterized by uninterrupted traffic flow so references to freeway performance relate primarily to the quality of traffic flow or traffic conditions as experienced by users of the freeway. The maximum flow or capacity of a freeway segment is reached while traffic is moving freely. As a result, freeways are most productive when they carry capacity flows at 60 mph, whereas lower speeds impose freeway delay, resulting in bottlenecks. Bottlenecks may be caused by physical disruptions, such as a reduced number of lanes, a change in grade, or an on-ramp with a short merge lane. This type of bottleneck occurs on a predictable or 'recurrent' basis at the same time of day and same day of week. Recurrent congestion totals 45% of congestion and is primarily from bottlenecks (40%) as well as inadequate signal timing (5%). Nonrecurring bottlenecks result from crashes, work zone disruptions, adverse weather conditions, and special events that create surges in demand and that account for over 55% of experienced congestion. Figure 1.1 shows that nonrecurring congestion is composed of traffic incidents (25%), severe weather (15%), work zones, (10%), and special events (5%). Between 1995 and 2005, the average percentage change in increased peak traveler delay, based on hours spent in traffic in a year, grew by 22% as the national average of hours spent in delay grew from 36 hours to 44 hours. Peak delay per traveler grew one-third in medium-size urban areas over the 10 year period. The traffic engineering community has developed an arsenal of integrated tools to mitigate the impacts of congestion on freeway throughput and performance, including pricing of capacity to manage demand for travel. Congestion pricing is a strategy which dynamically matches demand with available capacity. A congestion price is a user fee equal to the added cost imposed on other travelers as a result of the last traveler's entry into the highway network. The concept is based on the idea that motorists should pay for the additional congestion they create when entering a congested road. The concept calls for fees to vary according to the level of congestion with the price mechanism applied to make travelers more fully aware of the congestion externality they impose on other travelers and the system itself. The operational rationales for the institution of pricing strategies are to improve the efficiency of operations in a corridor and/or to better manage congestion. To this end, the objectives of this project were to: (1) Better understand and quantify the impacts of congestion pricing strategies on traffic operations through the study of actual projects, and (2) Better understand and quantify the impacts of congestion pricing strategies on traffic operations through the use of modeling and other analytical methods. Specifically, the project was to identify credible analytical procedures that FHWA can use to quantify the impacts of various congestion pricing strategies on traffic flow (throughput) and congestion.

Chin, Shih-Miao [ORNL; Hu, Patricia S [ORNL; Davidson, Diane [ORNL

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp November 29, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis LED traffic lights are assembled at Dialight’s factory in Roxboro, N.C. The company has expanded production at the facility, adding more than 100 jobs over the past two years. | Photo Courtesy of Dialight LED traffic lights are assembled at Dialight's factory in Roxboro, N.C. The company has expanded production at the facility, adding more than 100 jobs over the past two years. | Photo Courtesy of Dialight Lindsay Gsell LED traffic lights are assembled at Dialight's factory in Roxboro, N.C. The company has expanded production at the facility, adding more than 100 jobs over the past two years. Red. Yellow. Green. What LED traffic signals don't say: Made in USA.

88

Exponential Decay and Fermi's Golden Rule from an Uncontrolled Quantum Zeno Effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The prediction of the Quantum Zeno Effect is based on a product of autocorrelation functions and on the evolution of these functions at short times. We show why in quantum mechanics the autocorrelation between a state and itself some time later cannot be a surrogate for the standard probability. We then reformulate the Quantum Zeno Effect based on the physically meaningful probability, and we find as a condition to observe an inhibition of decay that, following each measurement in a sequence, the system must be prepared in a common eigenstate of the same set of commuting observables. This leads to a simple model of spontaneous decay, in which an excited atom continuously interacts with and is monitored by an incoherent sum of radiation fields. Regardless of the system's evolution otherwise, while monitored the excited atom has exponentially decreasing survival probability at all times. We derive the decay rate and find Fermi's Golden Rule. Continuous monitoring may thus be a mechanism by which to explain the exponential decay law.

P. W. Bryant

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

89

The Physics of Traffic and Regional Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This contribution summarizes and explains various principles from physics which are used for the simulation of traffic flows in large street networks, the modeling of destination, transport mode, and route choice, or the simulation of urban growth and regional development. The methods stem from many-particle physics, from kinetic gas theory, or fluiddynamics. They involve energy and entropy considerations, transfer the law of gravity, apply cellular automata and require methods from evolutionary game theory. In this way, one can determine interaction forces among driver-vehicle units, reproduce breakdowns of traffic including features of synchronized congested flow, or understand changing usage patterns of alternative roads. One can also describe daily activity patterns based on decision models, simulate migration streams, and model urban growth as a particular kind of aggregation process.

Helbing, Dirk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

FPGA Based Real-time Network Traffic Analysis using Traffic Dispersion Patterns  

SciTech Connect

The problem of Network Traffic Classification (NTC) has attracted significant amount of interest in the research community, offering a wide range of solutions at various levels. The core challenge is in addressing high amounts of traffic diversity found in today's networks. The problem becomes more challenging if a quick detection is required as in the case of identifying malicious network behavior or new applications like peer-to-peer traffic that have potential to quickly throttle the network bandwidth or cause significant damage. Recently, Traffic Dispersion Graphs (TDGs) have been introduced as a viable candidate for NTC. The TDGs work by forming a network wide communication graphs that embed characteristic patterns of underlying network applications. However, these patterns need to be quickly evaluated for mounting real-time response against them. This paper addresses these concerns and presents a novel solution for real-time analysis of Traffic Dispersion Metrics (TDMs) in the TDGs. We evaluate the dispersion metrics of interest and present a dedicated solution on an FPGA for their analysis. We also present analytical measures and empirically evaluate operating effectiveness of our design. The mapped design on Virtex-5 device can process 7.4 million packets/second for a TDG comprising of 10k flows at very high accuracies of over 96%.

Khan, F; Gokhale, M; Chuah, C N

2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

91

Traffic flow wide-area surveillance system definition  

SciTech Connect

Traffic Flow Wide-Area Surveillance (TFWAS) is a system for assessing the state of traffic flow over a wide area for enhanced traffic control and improved traffic management and planning. The primary purpose of a TFWAS system is to provide a detailed traffic flow description and context description to sophisticated traffic management and control systems being developed or envisioned for the future. A successful TFWAS system must possess the attributes of safety, reconfigurability, reliability, and expandability. The primary safety premise of TFWAS is to ensure that no action or failure of the TFWAS system or its components can result in risk of injury to humans. A wide variety of communication techniques is available for use with TFWAS systems. These communication techniques can be broken down into two categories, landlines and wireless. Currently used and possible future traffic sensing technologies have been examined. Important criteria for selecting TFWAS sensors include sensor capabilities, costs, operational constraints, sensor compatibility with the infrastructure, and extent. TFWAS is a concept that can take advantage of the strengths of different traffic sensing technologies, can readily adapt to newly developed technologies, and can grow with the development of new traffic control strategies. By developing innovative algorithms that will take information from a variety of sensor types and develop descriptions of traffic flows over a wide area, a more comprehensive understanding of the traffic state can be provided to the control system to perform the most reasonable control actions over the entire wide area. The capability of characterizing the state of traffic over an entire region should revolutionize developments in traffic control strategies.

Allgood, G.O.; Ferrell, R.K.; Kercel, S.W.; Abston, R.A.; Carnal, C.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Moynihan, P.I. [Jet Propulsion Lab., Pasadena, CA (United States)

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

A shared data environment for the Military Traffic Management Command Directorate of International Traffic  

SciTech Connect

In September 1991, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) completed tasking to assist the Military Traffic Management Command Directorate of International Traffic (MTIT) in the analysis of a potential Shared Data Environment (SDE) for MTIT automated cargo traffic systems. This analysis was a preliminary effort with emphasis on documentation of requirements, examination of design alternatives, and identification of specific MTIT systems' data sharing problems. This report records the results of the ORNL analysis. The SDE envisioned by ORNL at this point in the analysis is not merely a repository of information; it is also a system that allows processing of distributed data. To provide high-level access to and control over international cargo processes, ORNL recommends a loosely coupled, replicated database design with high-speed communications among all sites.

Russell, D.L.; Wheeler, V.V. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)); Truett, L.F. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

A shared data environment for the Military Traffic Management Command Directorate of International Traffic  

SciTech Connect

In September 1991, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) completed tasking to assist the Military Traffic Management Command Directorate of International Traffic (MTIT) in the analysis of a potential Shared Data Environment (SDE) for MTIT automated cargo traffic systems. This analysis was a preliminary effort with emphasis on documentation of requirements, examination of design alternatives, and identification of specific MTIT systems` data sharing problems. This report records the results of the ORNL analysis. The SDE envisioned by ORNL at this point in the analysis is not merely a repository of information; it is also a system that allows processing of distributed data. To provide high-level access to and control over international cargo processes, ORNL recommends a loosely coupled, replicated database design with high-speed communications among all sites.

Russell, D.L.; Wheeler, V.V. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States); Truett, L.F. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Florida County Seeks to Reduce Emissions and Improve Traffic | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Florida County Seeks to Reduce Emissions and Improve Traffic Florida County Seeks to Reduce Emissions and Improve Traffic Florida County Seeks to Reduce Emissions and Improve Traffic September 27, 2010 - 10:30am Addthis A worker synchronizes a traffic light on State Road A1A in St. Augustine, FL. | Energy Department Photo | A worker synchronizes a traffic light on State Road A1A in St. Augustine, FL. | Energy Department Photo | Lindsay Gsell What does this project do? St. Johns County, Florida uses Recovery Act funding to resynchronize 23 traffic signals at five major segments of roadway. The new light patterns will save nearly 729,000 gallons of gas and reduce CO2 emissions by more than 2,200 metric tons. The intersection of State Road A1A and State Road 312 in St. Augustine is messy at 5 o'clock. On one side, tourists returning from Florida's

95

FAA Air Traffic Organization Safety Management | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FAA Air Traffic Organization Safety Management FAA Air Traffic Organization Safety Management FAA Air Traffic Organization Safety Management September 20, 2012 Presenter: Mark DeNicuolo, Manager Performance and Analyses Air Traffic Organization Safety and Technical Training Federal Aviation Administration Topics Covered: En Route centers handle 40.5 million aircraft per year FAA/contract towers handle: - 51.2 million airport operations - 39 million instrument operations 732 million passenger enplanements Over 5,000 civil, public-use airports Approximately 33,300 ATO employees - More than 15,000 air traffic controllers - More than 7,000 technicians and engineers 21 ARTCCs, 513 ATCTs, 17 FSSs, 3 AFSSs FAA Air Traffic Organization Safety Management More Documents & Publications FAQS Reference Guide - Aviation Manager

96

RENETO, a realistic network traffic generator for OMNeT++/INET  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present in this paper RENETO, a packet-level traffic generator for OMNeT++/INET. In order to achieve realistic traffic behavior, a first tool computes a model by doing an automatic analysis of a real traffic capture. This analysis extracts statistical ... Keywords: network traffic generation, network traffic modeling, pseudo-random number generation

Fabien Geyer, Stefan Schneele, Georg Carle

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Multi-hour network planning based on domination between sets of traffic matrices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In multi-hour network design, periodic traffic variations along time are considered in the dimensioning process. Then, the non coincidence of traffic peaks along the day or the week can be exploited. This paper investigates the application of the traffic ... Keywords: Multi-hour traffic, Network planning, Traffic domination

P. Pavon-Marino; B. Garcia-Manrubia; R. Aparicio-Pardo

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Avista Utilities - LED Traffic Signal Incentive Program (Washington...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

with form History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Avista Utilities - LED Traffic Signal Incentive Program (Washington) This is the approved revision of this...

99

V-201: Cisco Intrusion Prevention System SSP Fragmented Traffic...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of the code that processes fragmented traffic could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to cause the Analysis Engine process to become unresponsive or cause the...

100

Problem Sets: Fundamentals Of Transportation And Traffic Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P ROBLEM S ETS : Fundamentals of Transportation and TrafficCN-98-1 February, 1998 Fundamentals of Transportation andcomprise a supplement to Fundamentals of Transportation and

Daganzo, Carlos F.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Avista Utilities - LED Traffic Signal Incentive Program (Idaho...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LED Traffic Signal Incentive Program offers a variety of incentives based on annual energy savings for customer LED retrofits. Avista's website has an incentive table that...

102

Analysis of Traffic Scheduling Technique for Smart Grid Mesh ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of Traffic Scheduling Technique for Smart Grid Mesh Networks ... In this paper, we present a multi-gate mesh network architecture that has ...

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

103

Heavy Traffic Analysis for EDF Queues with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a heavy-traffic analysis of the behavior of a single-server queue under an Earliest-Deadline-First (EDF) scheduling policy, in which customers have deadlines and are served only until their deadlines elapse. The performance of the system is measured by the fraction of reneged work (the residual work lost due to elapsed deadlines), which is shown to be minimized by the EDF policy. The evolution of the lead time distribution of customers in queue is described by a measure-valued process. The heavy traffic limit of this (properly scaled) process is shown to be a deterministic function of the limit of the scaled workload process, which, in turn, is identified to be a doubly reflected Brownian motion. This paper complements previous work by Doytchinov, Lehoczky and Shreve on the EDF discipline, in which customers are served to completion even after their deadlines elapse. The fraction of reneged work in a heavily loaded system and the fraction of late work in the corresponding system without reneging are compared using explicit formulas based on the heavy

John Lehoczky; Kavita Ramanan; Steven Shreve

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Virtual cityscapes: recent advances in crowd modeling and traffic simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We survey our recent work on interactive modeling, generation, and control of large-scale crowds and traffic for simulating digital cities. These include multi-agent navigation, simulating large crowds with emerging behaviors as well as interactive simulation ... Keywords: continuum traffic, crowd modeling, digital cities, multi-agent simulation

Ming C. Lin; Dinesh Manocha

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

LED traffic signals: A market transformation opportunity assessment  

SciTech Connect

This report examines the feasibility and appropriateness of market intervention strategies to increase the penetration of LED traffic signals, which offer large energy savings and other benefits relative to existing incandescent traffic signals. It presents the state of the technology and some of the technical challenges that remain. Prepared for the Consortium for Energy Efficiency.

Suozzo, M.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

106

Variable selection and ranking for analyzing automobile traffic accident data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variable ranking and feature selection are important concepts in data mining and machine learning. This paper introduces a new variable ranking technique named Sum Max Gain Ratio (SMGR). The new technique is evaluated within the domain of traffic accident ... Keywords: decision tree, traffic accident data, variable and feature selection, variable ranking

Huanjing Wang; Allen Parrish; Randy K. Smith; Susan Vrbsky

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

A traffic shaping optimization methodology for web systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, computer networks have been characterized by heterogeneous traffic and dynamic management of different kinds of services. The web and network requirements have increased within time and, since bandwidth is limited, it becomes necessary ... Keywords: QoS, internet services, optimization, traffic shaping, world wide web

Caio Mesquita, Ulisses Cavalca, Adriano C.M. Pereira, Eduardo G. Carrano

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Measuring UAS pilot responses to common air traffic clearances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a simulated ground control station, this study documents the methods for measuring the verbal response and execution time of unmanned aerial system (UAS) pilots to direct commands from air traffic controllers (ATCos). Although prior research has ... Keywords: air traffic management, measured response, unmanned aerial systems

Jason Ziccardi, Zach Roberts, Ryan O'Connor, Conrad Rorie, Gregory Morales, Vernol Battiste, Thomas Strybel, Dan Chiappe, Kim-Phuong L. Vu, Jay Shively

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Traffic modeling of player action categories in a MMORPG  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a user action specific modeling of network traffic in a Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Game (MMORPG). We have performed measurements for each of the previously defined action categories for MMORPGs (Trading, Questing, ... Keywords: MMORPG, World of Warcraft, modeling, traffic

Mirko Suznjevic; Ivana Stupar; Maja Matijasevic

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Traffic Flow Measurement: Experiences with NeTraMet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This memo records experiences in implementing and using the Traffic Flow Measurement Architecture and Meter MIB. It discusses the implementation of NeTraMet (a traffic meter) and NeMaC (a combined manager and meter reader), considers the writing of ...

N. Brownlee

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED) TRAFFIC SIGNAL SURVEY RESULTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED) TRAFFIC SIGNAL SURVEY RESULTS STAFFREPORT: Assistance needs 26 Item 12: Information requested 28 Appendix A: Light Emitting Diode (LED) Traffic Signal efficiency upgrades. - 29 - #12;APPENDIX A - 30 - #12;California Energy Commission Light Emitting Diode (LED

112

Wireless mesh network security: A traffic engineering management approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The wireless mesh network (WMN) is an emerging multihop, heterogeneous, easily scalable and low cost network. The architecture of the WMN is a connectionless-oriented, mobile and dynamic traffic of routed packets. The mesh infrastructure environment ... Keywords: IPSec, MPLS, Security, Traffic engineering, VPN, Wireless mesh networks

Okechukwu E. Muogilim; Kok-Keong Loo; Richard Comley

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Ohio Town Installing 'Green' Traffic Signals | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ohio Town Installing 'Green' Traffic Signals Ohio Town Installing 'Green' Traffic Signals Ohio Town Installing 'Green' Traffic Signals January 20, 2010 - 3:57pm Addthis Elyria, Ohio, is getting a little greener. Mayor William M. Grace recently confirmed that staff will replace traditional traffic lights with 288 energy-efficient LEDs (light-emitting diodes), saving the town energy and money. "We are definitely doing this, we are going to switch out all the traffic lights in town," Elyria's mayor says. Replacing light bulbs with LEDs will mean substantial savings. That's because these small, solid bulbs can last up to 10 times longer than traditional lights and require considerably less energy. "This gives us the opportunity to change, we expect to realize considerable savings," the mayor says.

114

Self-organizing traffic lights at multiple-street intersections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Summary: Traffic light coordination is a complex problem. In this paper, we extend previous work on an abstract model of city traffic to allow for multiple street intersections. We test a self-organizing method in our model, showing that it is close to theoretical optima and superior to a traditional method of traffic light coordination. Abstract: The elementary cellular automaton following rule 184 can mimic particles flowing in one direction at a constant speed. This automaton can therefore model highway traffic. In a recent paper, we have incorporated intersections regulated by traffic lights to this model using exclusively elementary cellular automata. In such a paper, however, we only explored a rectangular grid. We now extend our model to more complex scenarios employing an hexagonal grid. This extension shows first that our model can readily incorporate multiple-way intersections and hence simulate complex scenarios. In addition, the current extension allows us to study and evaluate the behavior of two...

Gershenson, Carlos

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Traffic Safety Among Latino Populations in California: Current Status and Policy Recommendations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the insufficient number of street lights and stop signs tostreet without paying any attention to the traffic lightsstreet without paying any attention to the traffic lights

Cooper, Jill F; Wilder, Tammy R; Lankina, Elena; Geyer, Judy A; Ragland, David R

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Genetic fuzzy logic approach to local ramp metering control using microscopic traffic simulation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ramp metering, one of the most effective solutions for improving motorway traffic flows, is playing increasingly important role in traffic management systems. Because of its… (more)

Yu, Xue Feng

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Some exact solutions to the Lighthill Whitham Richards Payne traffic flow equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We find a class of exact solutions to the Lighthill Whitham Richards Payne (LWRP) traffic flow equations. Using two consecutive lagrangian transformations, a linearization is achieved. Next, depending on the initial density, we either apply (again two) Lambert functions and obtain exact formulas for the dependence of the car density and velocity on x and t, or else, failing that, the same result in a parametric representation. The calculation always involves two possible factorizations of a consistency condition. Both must be considered. In physical terms, the lineup usually separates into two offshoots at different velocities. Each velocity soon becomes uniform. This outcome in many ways resembles the two soliton solution to the Korteweg-de Vries equation. We check general conservation requirements. Although traffic flow research has developed tremendously since LWRP, this calculation, being exact, may open the door to solving similar problems, such as gas dynamics or water flow in rivers. With this possibil...

Rowlands, G; Skorupski, A A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Beating the traffic with commuting alternatives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This pamphlet describes how, by encouraging commuting options, local governments can help reduce air pollution, fuel consumption, and traffic congestion. Minimizing these problems makes the community more appealing to businesses, residents, and visitors and boosts the local economy. Approaches to alternative transportation are as varied as the communities devising and using them. But the critical factor is initiative from local governments, often one of communities largest employers. They can use and promote commuting alternatives among their employees. Local governments can also promote alternative transportation among other employers and the general public. They can provide information on commuting options, improve the infrastructure, and use local authority to require and reward those changes necessary to make alternative transportation a widely accepted part of community life. Best of all, local governments can lead by example and establish a template for other employers to follow.

NONE

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Geometry features measurement of traffic accident for reconstruction based on close-range photogrammetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the feasibility of investigating a traffic accident and offering initial data for traffic accident reconstruction (TAR) using a photogrammetric technique. Compared with the conventional roller tape applied by the traffic police of ... Keywords: Accident reconstruction, Close-range photogrammetry, Direct linear transformation, Traffic accident scene, Vehicle deformation

Xinguang Du; Xianlong Jin; Xiaoyun Zhang; Jie Shen; Xinyi Hou

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Mitigating Complexity in Air Traffic Control: The Role of Structure-Based Abstractions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cognitive complexity is a limiting factor on the capacity and efficiency of the Air Traffic Control

Hansman, R. John

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

TRANSPORTATION AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transportation Transportation & Traffic Management Qualification Standard Reference Guide APRIL 2010 This page is intentionally blank. i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

122

LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp November 30, 2010 - 10:19am Addthis Red. Yellow. Green. What LED traffic signals don't say: Made in USA. That is changing. Dialight Corporation, an LED lighting manufacturer with U.S. corporate offices in Farmingdale, New Jersey, and a parent company based in the U.K., invested nearly $3 million into renovating their 75,000-square-foot production facility in Roxboro, North Carolina. With these improvements, Dialight's Roxboro plant is projected to scale up production by 400 percent. "Bringing manufacturing back to America is a win-win scenario," said Roy Burton, Dialight's Group Chief Executive. "We're helping the economy by creating new jobs, and at the same time we're finding it more

123

Improving the interaction between overlay routing and traffic engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Overlay routing has been successful as an incremental method to improve Internet routing by allowing its own users to select their logical routing. In the meantime, traffic engineering (TE) are being used to reduce the whole network cost by adapting ...

Gene Moo Lee; Taehwan Choi

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Distributed Air Traffic Control : A Human Safety Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The issues in air traffic control have so far been addressed with the intent to improve resource utilization and achieve an optimized solution with respect to fuel comsumption of aircrafts, efficient usage of the available airspace with minimal congestion related losses under various dynamic constraints. So the focus has almost always been more on smarter management of traffic to increase profits while human safety, though achieved in the process, we believe, has remained less seriously attended. This has become all the more important given that we have overburdened and overstressed air traffic controllers managing hundreds of airports and thousands of aircrafts per day. We propose a multiagent system based distributed approach to handle air traffic ensuring complete human (passenger) safety without removing any humans (ground controllers) from the loop thereby also retaining the earlier advantages in the new solution. The detailed design of the agent system, which will be easily interfacable with the existin...

Nikumbh, Sarvesh; Vartak, Rahul

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Decentralized Traffic Management Strategies for Sensor-Enabled Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traffic Congestions and accidents are major concerns in today's transportation systems. This thesis investigates how to optimize traffic flow on highways, in particular for merging situations such as intersections where a ramp leads onto the highway. In our work, cars are equipped with sensors that can detect distance to neighboring cars, and communicate their velocity and acceleration readings with one another. Sensor-enabled cars can locally exchange sensed information about the traffic and adapt their behavior much earlier than regular cars. We propose proactive algorithms for merging different streams of sensor-enabled cars into a single stream. A proactive merging algorithm decouples the decision point from the actual merging point. Sensor-enabled cars allow us to decide where and when a car merges before it arrives at the actual merging point. This leads to a significant improvement in traffic flow as velocities can be adjusted appropriately. We compare proactive merging algorithms against the conventio...

Wang, Ziyuan; Ramamohanarao, Kotagiri

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Modeling the air traffic controller's cognitive projection process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cognitive projection enables the operator of a supervisory control system, such as air traffic control, to use predicted future behavior of the system to make decisions about if and how to control the system. New procedures ...

Reynolds, Hayley J. Davison (Hayley Jaye Davison)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Concept development and evaluation of airborne traffic displays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A system concept for a cockpit traffic situation display (TSD) was developed and a preliminary evaluation was undertaken to investigate the effect of a TSD on safety, efficiency, and capacity in the 3rd generation NAS/ARTS ...

Imrich, Thomas

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

On the Convergence of Multiclass Queueing Networks in Heavy Traffic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The subject of this paper is the heavy traffic behavior of a general class of queueing networks with first-in-first-out (FIFO) service discipline. For special cases which require various assumptions on the network structure, ...

Dai, I. G.

129

Polymer delineation system. [Patent application: traffic lane lines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A delineation system (traffic lane lines) for highways is described in which polymerizable substances are applied to existing or newly prepared highway pavements. The substances would contain a suitable pigment and may incorporate reflective elements.

Woolman, S.; Steinberg, M.

1975-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

130

Intelligent Cruise Control design based on a traffic flow specification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The principal objectives of the Automated Highway graphics. System (AHS), an Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) technology, are to increase the safety and through-put of the existing highway by traffic automation. Advanced Vehicle Control Systems (AVCS) play a key role in traffic automation. Central to the Development of AVCS for vehicles is the design of an Intelligent Cruise Control (ICC) system that automates the task of maintaining a safe following distance. A properly designed ICC system has the potential to smooth traffic flows and increase the traffic flow capacity of the existing highway. Near term applications of AVCS cannot rely on communication between vehicles to maintain a safe following system. In an Autonomous Intelligent Cruise Control (AICC) Systems, the throttle and brake are controlled by a computer based on onboard sensory information, and the steering task is manually controlled. AICC systems proposed so far do not consider their impact on the traffic flow stability. In this thesis, an AICC system is synthesized from a traffic flow specification on stability and capacity. Analytical results of this thesis are verified by numerical simulations.

Huandra, Rusli

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Increasing Market Penetration of LED Traffic Signals in New York State Review of Articles and Information on LED Traffic Signals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A primary purpose of this review is to identify and summarize recently published information about the use and performance of light-emitting diode (LED) traffic signals. It consists of two sections: a synopsis of experiences of municipalities using LED traffic signals in 1999 and 2000, and a discussion of technical, economic and market issues surrounding the deployment of LED signals. This review includes articles and reports published in 1999 and 2000.

Bullough, J D; Bullough, John D.; Suozzo, Margaret

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

LED traffic lights: New technology signals major energy savings  

SciTech Connect

Using light-emitting diode technology to replace incandescent lamps in traffic signals promises energy savings upwards of 60 percent for each of the estimated quarter of a million controlled intersections in the United States. LED units use only 9 to 25 watts instead of the 67 to 150 watts used by each incandescent lamp. Though their first cost is relatively high, energy savings result in paybacks of 1 to 5 years. LED retrofit kits are available for red signal disks and arrows, and installations in several states have proven successful, although minor improvements are addressing concerns about varying light output and controller circuitry. Retrofitting green lamps is not yet feasible, because color standards of the Institute of Traffic Engineers cannot be met with existing LED technology. Yellow lamps have such low duty factors (they`re on only 3 percent of the time) that retrofitting with LED signals is not cost-effective. LEDs last much longer than incandescents, allowing municipalities to not only reduce their electricity bills, but to save on maintenance costs as well. As further incentive, some utilities are beginning to implement rebate programs for LED traffic signal retrofits. Full approval of LED units is still awaited from the Institute of Traffic Engineers (ITE), the standard-setting body for traffic safety devices. Local and state governments ultimately decide what specifications to require for traffic lights, and the growing body of successful field experience with LEDs appears to be raising their comfort level with the technology. The California Department of Transportation is developing an LED traffic light specification, and two California utilities, Southern California Edison and Pacific Gas and Electric, have provided rebates for some pilot installations.

Houghton, D.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

133

Using Metering Signals at Roundabouts with Unbalanced Flows to Improve the Traffic Condition; Using Metering Signals at Roundabouts with Unbalanced Flows to Improve the Traffic Condition.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In some roundabouts, just relying on the "right of way" regulations results in long queues forming along the approaches. This usually happens when a… (more)

Mosslemi, Marjan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding :  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Illinois (2007-2009) Illinois (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding : Illinois (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet

135

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck :  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hawaii (2007-2009) Hawaii (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck : Hawaii (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet

136

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck :  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Delaware (2007-2009) Delaware (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck : Delaware (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness

137

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding :  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hawaii (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding : Hawaii (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet

138

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck :  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

District of Columbia (2007-2009) District of Columbia (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck : District of Columbia (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility

139

Laboratory to change vehicle traffic-screening regimen at vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Changes to vehicle traffic-screening Changes to vehicle traffic-screening Laboratory to change vehicle traffic-screening regimen at vehicle inspection station Lanes two through five will be open 24 hours a day and won't be staffed by a Laboratory protective force officer. September 1, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

140

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Single Vehicle Crashes : District  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

District District of Columbia (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Single Vehicle Crashes : District of Columbia (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding : Iowa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Iowa Iowa (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding : Iowa (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet

142

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck :  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Indiana (2007-2009) Indiana (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck : Indiana (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness

143

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck :  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Idaho (2007-2009) Idaho (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving a Large Truck : Idaho (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet

144

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding :  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kansas (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding : Kansas (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet

145

State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding : Maine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maine Maine (2007-2009) Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data State Traffic Safety Information - Fatal Crashes Involving Speeding : Maine (2007-2009) Dataset Summary Description The State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) portal is part of the larger Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia. STSI provides state-by-state traffic safety profiles, including: crash data, lives saved/savable, legislation, economic costs, grant funding, alcohol related crash data, performance measures, and geographic maps of crash data. Tags {geospatial,fatality,crash,data,safety,roadway,vehicle,human,person} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet

146

Methods and systems for detecting abnormal digital traffic  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Aspects of the present invention encompass methods and systems for detecting abnormal digital traffic by assigning characterizations of network behaviors according to knowledge nodes and calculating a confidence value based on the characterizations from at least one knowledge node and on weighting factors associated with the knowledge nodes. The knowledge nodes include a characterization model based on prior network information. At least one of the knowledge nodes should not be based on fixed thresholds or signatures. The confidence value includes a quantification of the degree of confidence that the network behaviors constitute abnormal network traffic.

Goranson, Craig A [Kennewick, WA; Burnette, John R [Kennewick, WA

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

147

Perceived crime and traffic safety is related to physical activity among adults in Nigeria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Loukaitou-Sideris A, Eckc JE: Crime prevention and activeOyeyemi et al: Perceived crime and traffic safety is relatedARTICLE Open Access Perceived crime and traffic safety is

Oyeyemi, Adewale L; Adegoke, Babatunde O; Sallis, James F; Oyeyemi, Adetoyeje Y; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

The Effect of Snow on Traffic Counts in Western New York State  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While most people know anecdotally that weather affects traffic, relatively little research has examined the correlation between snow and traffic in great detail. Most studies have also been difficult to generalize for other areas and regions ...

David A. Call

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Realistic internet traffic simulation through mixture modeling and a case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Internet background traffic modeling and simulation is the main challenge when constructing a test environment for network intrusion detection experiments. However, a realistic simulation of network traffic through analytical models is difficult, because ...

Song Luo; Gerald A. Marin

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Critical infrastructure protection: Resource efficient sampling to improve detection of less frequent patterns in network traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Networked critical infrastructures are of national importance. However, such infrastructures are running 24/7. The supervisory control and data acquisition system (SCADA) of the critical infrastructure will generate enormous network traffic continuously. ... Keywords: Critical infrastructure, Sampling, Traffic analysis

Abdun Naser Mahmood; Jiankun Hu; Zahir Tari; Christopher Leckie

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Traffic Engineering and QoS Optimization of Integrated Voice & Data Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book describes, analyzes, and recommends traffic engineering (TE) and quality of service (QoS) optimization methods for integrated voice/data dynamic routing networks. These functions control a network's response to traffic demands and other stimuli, ... Keywords: Networking

Gerald R. Ash

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

VTrack: accurate, energy-aware road traffic delay estimation using mobile phones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traffic delays and congestion are a major source of inefficiency, wasted fuel, and commuter frustration. Measuring and localizing these delays, and routing users around them, is an important step towards reducing the time people spend stuck in traffic. ... Keywords: GPS, car, congestion, energy, localization, location, mobile, phone, sensor, traffic, transportation

Arvind Thiagarajan; Lenin Ravindranath; Katrina LaCurts; Samuel Madden; Hari Balakrishnan; Sivan Toledo; Jakob Eriksson

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

The impact of a realistic packet traffic model on the performance of surveillance wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is quite common to see that classical periodic or Poisson packet traffic models are used for evaluating the performance of wireless sensor networks (WSNs). However, these models may not be appropriate for modeling the data traffic resulting from a ... Keywords: Intrusion detection applications, Packet traffic model, Surveillance sensor networks, Wireless sensor networks

Ilker Demirkol; Cem Ersoy; Fatih Alagöz; Hakan Deliç

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

A SET OF NEW TRAFFIC-RESPONSIVE RAMP-METERING ALGORITHMS AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A SET OF NEW TRAFFIC-RESPONSIVE RAMP-METERING ALGORITHMS AND MICROSCOPIC SIMULATION RESULTS switching traffic-responsive ramp-metering controller that adapts to the different traffic dynamics under between the model sampling time and the metering-rate update interval. In addition, a queue length

Horowitz, Roberto

155

Traffic-driven power saving in operational 3G cellular networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Base stations (BSes) in the 3G cellular network are not energy proportional with respect to their carried traffic load. Our mea- surements show that 3G traffic exhibits high fluctuations both in time and over space, thus incurring energy waste. In this ... Keywords: 3g network traffic, cellular networks, energy efficiency

Chunyi Peng; Suk-Bok Lee; Songwu Lu; Haiyun Luo; Hewu Li

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

A Comparison of Methods for Estimating the Tail Index of Heavy-tailed Internet Traffic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 A Comparison of Methods for Estimating the Tail Index of Heavy-tailed Internet Traffic Karim the effects of heavy-tailedness in network traffic patterns and shown that Internet traffic flows exhibit characteristics of self-similarity that can be explained by the heavy-tailedness of the various distributions

Davies, John N.

157

Max-Weight Scheduling in Queueing Networks with Heavy-Tailed Traffic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Max-Weight Scheduling in Queueing Networks with Heavy-Tailed Traffic Mihalis G. Markakis, Eytan network with a mix of heavy-tailed and light- tailed traffic, and analyze the impact of heavy unstable otherwise. First, we show that a heavy-tailed traffic flow is delay unstable under any scheduling

Tsitsiklis, John

158

Effect of Traffic on Sales and Conversion Rates of Retail Stores  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Attracting shoppers to stores and converting the incoming traffic into sales profitably are vital for the financial health of retailers. In this paper, we use proprietary data pertaining to an apparel retailer to study the relationship between store ... Keywords: retail operations, store labor management, store performance, traffic uncertainty, traffic variability

Olga Perdikaki; Saravanan Kesavan; Jayashankar M. Swaminathan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Selection of information types based on personal utility: a testbed for traffic information markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traffic is an interesting research area for multi-agent systems, as the inter-dependence of actions leads to a high frequency of implicit coordination decisions among agents. The present work investigates the simulation of a market for traffic information. ... Keywords: adaption and learning, traffic simulation

Franziska Klügl; Ana L. C. Bazzan; Joachim Wahle

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Youtube traffic characterization: a view from the edge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a traffic characterization study of the popular video sharing service, YouTube. Over a three month period we observed almost 25 million transactions between users on an edge network and YouTube, including more than 600,000 video downloads. ... Keywords: characterization, multimedia, web 2.0, youtube

Phillipa Gill; Martin Arlitt; Zongpeng Li; Anirban Mahanti

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Approximating the traffic grooming problem in tree and star networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the problem of grooming paths in all-optical networks with tree topology so as to minimize the switching cost, measured by the total number of used ADMs. We first present efficient approximation algorithms with approximation factor of 2 ln ... Keywords: add-drop multiplexer (ADM), optical networks, traffic grooming, tree networks, wavelength division multiplexing (WDM)

Michele Flammini; Gianpiero Monaco; Luca Moscardelli; Mordechai Shalom; Shmuel Zaks

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

City of Phildelphia: Light emitting diodes for traffic signal displays  

SciTech Connect

This project investigated the feasibility of using light emitting diodes (LEDs) for red traffic signals in a demonstration program at 27 signalized intersections in the City of Philadelphia. LED traffic signals have the potential to achieve significant savings over standard incandescent signals in terms of energy usage and costs, signal relamping costs, signal system maintenance costs, tort liability, and environmental impact. Based on successful experience with the demonstration program, the City of Philadelphia is currently developing funding for the conversion of all existing red incandescent traffic signals at approximately 2,700 intersections to LED signals. This program is expected to cost approximately $4.0 million and save about $850,000 annually in energy costs. During late 1993 and early 1994, 212 red LED traffic signals (134 8-inch signals and 78 12-inch signals) were installed at 27 intersections in Philadelphia. The first group of 93 signals were installed at 13 prototypical intersections throughout the City. The remaining group of signals were installed on a contiguous route in West Philadelphia consisting of standard incandescent signals and LED signals interspersed in a random pattern.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Traffic and Transportation Committee Meeting Summary of Meeting Notes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traffic and Transportation Committee Meeting Summary of Meeting Notes October 5, 2009 - 1:30 PM Kevin Young Ned Hacker Salt Lake City Transportation WFRC Robert Miles UDOT Rob Kistler U of U person introduced him/herself to the group. II. The group discussed the future meeting schedule (Agenda

Capecchi, Mario R.

164

Traffic Measurement and Statistical Analysis in a Disaster Area Scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-of-Hospital] disaster response."([5]) Public safety units need reliable communication independent of any inTraffic Measurement and Statistical Analysis in a Disaster Area Scenario Nils Aschenbruck, Matthias, 53117 Bonn, Germany {aschenbruck, matthew, martini, toelle}@cs.uni-bonn.de Abstract-- Disaster areas

Frank, Matthias

165

Statistical Analysis of Traffic Measurements in a Disaster Area Scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

challenges of information sharing in OOH [Out-of-Hospital] disaster response."([1]) Performance evaluationStatistical Analysis of Traffic Measurements in a Disaster Area Scenario Considering Heavy Load-- Catastrophes cause an area of destruction including destroyed infrastructure. These disaster area scenarios

Frank, Matthias

166

Detection of illicit traffic based on multiscale analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a huge increase in the number and variety of Internet applications, as well as on the number and diversity of security attacks to network users and systems. Consequently, the need for an accurate mapping of traffic to its ... Keywords: application identification, cluster analysis, licit and illict applications, multifractal behavior, multiscale analysis, wavelets

Eduardo Rocha; Paulo Salvador; António Nogueira

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Backoff algorithms performance in burst-like traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present paper several backoff algorithms are considered to analysis their behavior in burst-like traffic of smart metering network: YITRAN, Binary Exponential and Polynomial backoff algorithms. The comparison was performed by means of transmission ... Keywords: Markov chains, backoff algorithms, smart grid

Ievgenii Tsokalo; Yamnenko Yulia; Stanislav Mudriievskyi

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Traffic and Transportation Committee Summary of Meeting Notes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traffic and Transportation Committee Summary of Meeting Notes March 31, 2006 ­ 1:30pm ­ 1210 Annex Young Salt Lake City - Transportation Tim Harpst Salt Lake City - Transportation Dan Bergenthal Salt Lake City - Transportation Robin Carbaugh Yalecrest Neighborhood Council Hal Johnson UTA-Mgr. BRT

Capecchi, Mario R.

169

Traffic and Transportation Committee Meeting Summary of Meeting Notes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to alternative transportation even as they grow. Plans for the future include increasing the number of bikeTraffic and Transportation Committee Meeting Summary of Meeting Notes September 15, 2006- 1:30 PM 6 Jenkin Howard Hughes Medical Institute @ U of U Joe Perrin Salt Lake City, Transportation Advisory Board

Capecchi, Mario R.

170

Distributed wide-area traffic management for cloud services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance of interactive cloud services depends heavily on which data centers handle client requests, and which wide-area paths carry traffic. While making these decisions, cloud service providers also need to weigh operational considerations like ... Keywords: joint optimization, multi-homed routing, request mapping

Srinivas Narayana; Joe Wenjie Jiang; Jennifer Rexford; Mung Chiang

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Traffic measurement and analysis of building automation and control networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a framework for a flow-based network traffic monitoring of building automation and control networks. Current approaches to monitor special environment networks are limited to checking accessibility and a state of monitored devices. ... Keywords: BACnet, BACnetflow, analysis, automation, building, control, measurement, network

Radek Krej?í; Pavel ?eleda; Jakub Dobrovolný

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

SEMSim: A Distributed Architecture for Multi-scale Traffic Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the fast urbanization of our modern society, transportation systems in cities are facing increasing problems such as congestion, collisions, and high levels of emissions. Researchers have been searching for solutions by investigating better urban ... Keywords: Nanoscopic Traffic Simulation, Parallel and Distributed Simulation

Yadong Xu; Heiko Aydt; Michael Lees

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Intelligent Control in Automation Based on Wireless Traffic Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Wireless technology is a central component of many factory automation infrastructures in both the commercial and government sectors, providing connectivity among various components in industrial realms (distributed sensors, machines, mobile process controllers). However wireless technologies provide more threats to computer security than wired environments. The advantageous features of Bluetooth technology resulted in Bluetooth units shipments climbing to five million per week at the end of 2005 [1, 2]. This is why the real-time interpretation and understanding of Bluetooth traffic behavior is critical in both maintaining the integrity of computer systems and increasing the efficient use of this technology in control type applications. Although neuro-fuzzy approaches have been applied to wireless 802.11 behavior analysis in the past, a significantly different Bluetooth protocol framework has not been extensively explored using this technology. This paper presents a new neurofuzzy traffic analysis algorithm of this still new territory of Bluetooth traffic. Further enhancements of this algorithm are presented along with the comparison against the traditional, numerical approach. Through test examples, interesting Bluetooth traffic behavior characteristics were captured, and the comparative elegance of this computationally inexpensive approach was demonstrated. This analysis can be used to provide directions for future development and use of this prevailing technology in various control type applications, as well as making the use of it more secure.

Kurt Derr; Milos Manic

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Intelligent Control in Automation Based on Wireless Traffic Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Wireless technology is a central component of many factory automation infrastructures in both the commercial and government sectors, providing connectivity among various components in industrial realms (distributed sensors, machines, mobile process controllers). However wireless technologies provide more threats to computer security than wired environments. The advantageous features of Bluetooth technology resulted in Bluetooth units shipments climbing to five million per week at the end of 2005 [1, 2]. This is why the real-time interpretation and understanding of Bluetooth traffic behavior is critical in both maintaining the integrity of computer systems and increasing the efficient use of this technology in control type applications. Although neuro-fuzzy approaches have been applied to wireless 802.11 behavior analysis in the past, a significantly different Bluetooth protocol framework has not been extensively explored using this technology. This paper presents a new neurofuzzy traffic analysis algorithm of this still new territory of Bluetooth traffic. Further enhancements of this algorithm are presented along with the comparison against the traditional, numerical approach. Through test examples, interesting Bluetooth traffic behavior characteristics were captured, and the comparative elegance of this computationally inexpensive approach was demonstrated. This analysis can be used to provide directions for future development and use of this prevailing technology in various control type applications, as well as making the use of it more secure.

Kurt Derr; Milos Manic

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Characterizing the IEEE 802.11 Traffic: The Wireless Side  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many studies on measurement and characterization of wireless LANs have been performed recently. Most of these measurements have been conducted from the wired portion of the network based on wired monitoring or SNMP statistics. In this paper we argue that traffic measurements from a wireless vantage point in the network are more appropriate than wired measurements or SNMP statistics, to expose the wireless medium characteristics and their impact on the traffic patterns. While it is easier to make consistent measurements in the wired part of a network, such measurements can not observe the significant vagaries present in the wireless medium itself. As a consequence constructing an accurate measurement system from a wireless vantage point is important but usually quite difficult due to the noisy wireless channel. In our work we have explored the various issues in implementing such a system to monitor traffic in an IEEE 802.11 based wireless network. We show the effectiveness of the wireless monitoring by quantitatively comparing it with SNMP and measurements at wired vantage points. We also show the analysis of a typical computer science department network traffic using the wireless monitoring technique. Our analysis reveals rich information about the PHY/MAC layers of the IEEE 802.11 protocol such as the typical traffic mix of different frame types, their temporal characteristics, correlation with the user activities and the error characteristics of the wireless medium. Moreover, we identify anomalies in the operation of the IEEE 802.11 MAC protocol. Our results show excessive retransmissions of some management frame types reducing the useful throughput of the wireless network. We also find that some features of the protocol, which were designed to reduce the retransmissi...

Jihwang Yeo; Moustafa Youssef; Ashok Agrawala

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Effects of the chemomechanical stepping cycle on the traffic of molecular motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss effects of the stepping kinetics of molecular motors on their traffic behavior on crowded filaments using a simple two-state chemomechanical cycle. While the general traffic behavior is quite robust with respect to the detailed kinetics of the step, a few observable parameters exhibit a strong dependence on these parameters. Most strikingly, the effective unbinding rate of the motors may both increase and decrease with increasing traffic density, depending on the details of the motor step. Likewise the run length either exhibits a strong decrease or almost no dependence on the traffic density. We compare our theoretical results with recent experimental observations on motor traffic.

Stefan Klumpp; Yan Chai; Reinhard Lipowsky

2008-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

177

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Safety after a Traffic Accident  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Safety Natural Gas Safety after a Traffic Accident to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Safety after a Traffic Accident on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Safety after a Traffic Accident on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Safety after a Traffic Accident on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Safety after a Traffic Accident on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Safety after a Traffic Accident on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Safety after a Traffic Accident on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions

178

Atypical Behavior Identification in Large Scale Network Traffic  

SciTech Connect

Cyber analysts are faced with the daunting challenge of identifying exploits and threats within potentially billions of daily records of network traffic. Enterprise-wide cyber traffic involves hundreds of millions of distinct IP addresses and results in data sets ranging from terabytes to petabytes of raw data. Creating behavioral models and identifying trends based on those models requires data intensive architectures and techniques that can scale as data volume increases. Analysts need scalable visualization methods that foster interactive exploration of data and enable identification of behavioral anomalies. Developers must carefully consider application design, storage, processing, and display to provide usability and interactivity with large-scale data. We present an application that highlights atypical behavior in enterprise network flow records. This is accomplished by utilizing data intensive architectures to store the data, aggregation techniques to optimize data access, statistical techniques to characterize behavior, and a visual analytic environment to render the behavioral trends, highlight atypical activity, and allow for exploration.

Best, Daniel M.; Hafen, Ryan P.; Olsen, Bryan K.; Pike, William A.

2011-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

179

Automatic Parallel Parking and Returning to Traffic Maneuvers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This video illustrates a control approach developed to perform parallel parking and returning to traffic maneuvers for a car capable of autonomous motion. The key idea is to carry out a motion control procedure involving a "Localization-Planning-Execution" cycle until a specified location of the car relative to its environment is reached. Range measurements are used to model environmental objects around the car. The automatic maneuvers developed are demonstrated on an experimental electric autonomous car in a usual traffic environment. 1 Introduction Many drivers have difficulties or make errors while parallel parking or in pulling out of a parking place. A control approach to automatic parallel parking and pulling out maneuvers has been developed and tested on an experimental electric car capable of autonomous motion. The manual car driving is supplemented with an automatic steering and velocity control [1]. The car is equiped with: (1) - a sensor unit to measure relative distances ...

Igor Paromtchik; Christian Laugier

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Approximating the traffic grooming problem in tree and star networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the problem of grooming paths in all-optical networks with tree topology so as to minimize the switching cost, measured by the total number of used ADMs. We first present efficient approximation algorithms with approximation factor of 2ln(@d@?g)+o(ln(@d@?g)) ... Keywords: Add-drop multiplexer (ADM), Optical networks, Traffic grooming, Tree networks, Wavelength division multiplexing (WDM)

Michele Flammini; Gianpiero Monaco; Luca Moscardelli; Mordechai Shalom; Shmuel Zaks

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Realistic Multi-Lane Traffic Rules for Cellular Automata  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A set of lane changing rules for cellular automata simulating multi-lane traffic is proposed. It reproduces qualitatively that the passing lane becomes more crowded than the one for slower cars if the flux is high enough, which is true for motorways in countries like Germany where passing should be done on a specified lane as a rule. The rules have two parameters allowing to adjust the inversion point of the lane usage distribution and to calibrate the model.

Peter Wagner; Kai Nagel; Dietrich E. Wolf

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

EECEECEECEEC 687/787 Mobile Computing687/787 Mobile Computing687/787 Mobile Computing687/787 Mobile Computing Mobility and TrafficMobility and TrafficMobility and TrafficMobility and Traffic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-v 1 -n 20 -p 2.0 -M 10.0 -t 200 -x 500 -y 500 > scen-v1.tcl setdest -v 2 -n 20 -s 1 -m 1 -M 10.0 -t 200 -P 1 -p 2.0 -x 500 -y 500 > scen-v2.tcl 10 cbrgen.tcl A CBR Traffic Generator What is CBR generator ~ns/indep-utils/cmu-scen-gen/cbrgen.tcl Command format ns cbrgen.tcl [-type ##] [-nn ##] [-seed

Yu, Chansu

183

Routing multi-class traffic flows in the plane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study a class of multi-commodity flow problems in geometric domains: For a given planar domain P populated with obstacles (holes) of K>=2types, compute a set of thick paths from a ''source'' edge of P to a ''sink'' edge of P for vehicles of K distinct ... Keywords: Air traffic management, Approximation algorithms, Geometric maximum flow, Multi-commodity flow, Optimal paths

Joondong Kim; Joseph S. B. Mitchell; Valentin Polishchuk; Shang Yang; Jingyu Zou

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Fundamental diagrams for kinetic equations of traffic flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate the ability of some recently introduced discrete kinetic models of vehicular traffic to catch, in their large time behavior, typical features of theoretical fundamental diagrams. Specifically, we address the so-called "spatially homogeneous problem" and, in the representative case of an exploratory model, we study the qualitative properties of its solutions for a generic number of discrete microstates. This includes, in particular, asymptotic trends and equilibria, whence fundamental diagrams originate.

Luisa Fermo; Andrea Tosin

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

185

Comparison between Poissonian and Markovian Primary Traffics in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cognitive Radio generates a big interest as a key cost-effective solution for the underutilization of frequency spectrum in legacy communication networks. The objective of this work lies in conducting a performance evaluation of the end-to-end message delivery under both Markovian and Poissonian primary traffics in lossy Cognitive Radio networks. We aim at inferring the most appropriate conditions for an efficient secondary service provision according to the Cognitive Radio network characteristics. Meanwhile, we have performed a general analysis for many still open issues in Cognitive Radio, but at the end only two critical aspects have been considered, namely, the unforeseen primary reclaims in addition to the collided cognitive transmissions due to the Opportunistic Spectrum Sharing. Some graphs, in view of the average Spectral Efficiency, have been computed and plotted to report some comparative results for a given video transmission under the Markovian and the Poissonian primary interruptions.

Chaoub, Abdelaali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Is LED use in traffic signals viable in the Texas Department of Transportation, Houston District?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Light Emitting Diode (LED) is used in traffic signals and highway illumination in the Texas Department of Transportation, Houston District (TxDOT). The thesis focuses on… (more)

Ughanze, Ugonna Uzodinma

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

SIMULATION BASED EVALUATION OF MERGE METERING CONCEPT FOR TRAFFIC CONTROL AT WORK ZONES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The merge metering strategy controls the traffic entering a work zone section of a freeway through the use of metering signals at the merging area… (more)

PAVITHRAN, MANOJKUMAR

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Acquisition and registration of aerial video imagery of urban traffic  

SciTech Connect

The amount of information available about urban traffic from aerial video imagery is extremely high. Here we discuss the collection of such video imagery from a helicopter platform with a low-cost sensor, and the post-processing used to correct radial distortion in the data and register it. The radial distortion correction is accomplished using a Harris model. The registration is implemented in a two-step process, using a globally applied polyprojective correction model followed by a fine scale local displacement field adjustment. The resulting cleaned-up data is sufficiently well-registered to allow subsequent straight-forward vehicle tracking.

Loveland, Rohan C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Analysis of traffic accident severity using Decision Rules via Decision Trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Decision Tree (DT) is a potential method for studying traffic accident severity. One of its main advantages is that Decision Rules (DRs) can be extracted from its structure. And these DRs can be used to identify safety problems and establish certain ... Keywords: Decision Rules, Decision Trees, Road safety, Severity, Traffic accident

JoaquíN AbelláN, Griselda LóPez, Juan De OñA

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

CoCoSpot: Clustering and recognizing botnet command and control channels using traffic analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present CoCoSpot, a novel approach to recognize botnet command and control channels solely based on traffic analysis features, namely carrier protocol distinction, message length sequences and encoding differences. Thus, CoCoSpot can deal with obfuscated ... Keywords: Botnet C&C, Botnet detection, Network security, Traffic analysis

Christian J. Dietrich; Christian Rossow; Norbert Pohlmann

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

VBR MPEG Video Traffic Dynamic Prediction Based on the Modeling and Forecast of Time Series  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The variable-bit-rate traffic characteristic brings a large complication to the utilization of network resources, especially bandwidth. To solve this problem, this paper proposes a dynamic prediction scheme of MPEG video traffic. We first advance an ... Keywords: MPEG, video trace, forecast, time series, ARMA

Jun Dai; Jun Li

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Istanbul Strait marine traffic simulation using multiple serially connected machinery concept  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Istanbul Strait is one of the most crowded, narrowest straits in the world. Even though the number of accidents has been decreased in recent years, the risk is still high. Simulation of marine traffic in Istanbul Strait is very important to be able to ... Keywords: Istanbul Straits, marine traffic simulation, ship transition simulation

F. Camci; F. Eldemir; O. Uysal; Ilyas Ustun

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

A Resource Intensive Traffic-Aware Scheme for Cluster-based Energy Conservation in Wireless Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless traffic that is destined for a certain device in a network, can be exploited in order to minimize the availability and delay trade-offs, and mitigate the Energy consumption. The Energy Conservation (EC) mechanism can be node-centric by considering ... Keywords: Energy Conservation, Traffic-aware scheme, End-to-end communication, Capacity consideraiton for Energy Harvesting

Marios C. Charalambous; Constandinos X. Mavromoustakis; Muneer Bani Yassein

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Based on Two Swarm Optimized Algorithm of Neural Network to Prediction the Switch's Traffic of Coal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coal accurately predict multi-channel network traffic monitoring network for transmission to enhance and improve the QoS is very important, the characteristics of coalmine monitoring network, the first neural network model was constructed, followed by ... Keywords: Coal, network traffic, ant colony algorithm, Particle swarm optimization

Xiao-qiang Shao

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

On the Modeling of Traffic and Crowds: A Survey of Models, Speculations, and Perspectives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a review and critical analysis of the mathematical literature concerning the modeling of vehicular traffic and crowd phenomena. The survey of models deals with the representation scales and the mathematical frameworks that are used ... Keywords: complexity, crowds and swarm dynamics, living systems, scaling, vehicular traffic

Nicola Bellomo; Christian Dogbe

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

A novel approach for traffic accidents sanitary resource allocation based on multi-objective genetic algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of communication technologies integrated in vehicles allows creating new protocols and applications to improve assistance in traffic accidents. Combining this technology with intelligent systems will permit to automate most of the decisions ... Keywords: Multi-objective genetic algorithms, Resource allocation, Traffic accidents assistance

Manuel Fogue; Piedad Garrido; Francisco J. Martinez; Juan-Carlos Cano; Carlos T. Calafate; Pietro Manzoni

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Greenhouse Gas Pollution in the Stratosphere Due to Increasing Airplane Traffic, Effects On the Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Greenhouse Gas Pollution in the Stratosphere Due to Increasing Airplane Traffic, Effects temperatures have increased much more than can be explained by changes in the concentration of greenhouse gases traffic round the clock and around the globe which is contributing to higher concentrations of greenhouse

Murty, Katta G.

198

Flexible, extensible, open-source and affordable FPGA-based traffic generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As high-speed links become ubiquitous in current networks, testing new algorithms at high speed is essential for researchers. This task often makes it necessary to generate traffic with some specified features : distribution of packet sizes, payload ... Keywords: FPGA, NetFPGA 10G, combo, flexible, open-source, traffic generator

Tristan Groléat; Matthieu Arzel; Sandrine Vaton; Alban Bourge; Yannick Le Balch; Hicham Bougdal; Manuel Aranaz Padron

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Throughput Optimal Scheduling in the presence of Heavy-Tailed Traffic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Throughput Optimal Scheduling in the presence of Heavy-Tailed Traffic Krishna Jagannathan, Mihalis of the steady-state queue occupancies under throughput optimal scheduling in the presence of heavy of the queues receives traffic that is heavy-tailed (the "heavy queue"), and the other receives light

Tsitsiklis, John

200

Delay Stability Regions of the Max-Weight Policy under Heavy-Tailed Traffic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Delay Stability Regions of the Max-Weight Policy under Heavy-Tailed Traffic Mihalis G. Markakis operated under the Max- Weight scheduling policy, for the case where one of the queues is fed by heavy system exemplifies an intricate phenomenon whereby heavy-tailed traffic at one queue may or may

Tsitsiklis, John

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Optimizing urban traffic flow using Genetic Algorithm with Petri net analysis as fitness function  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a new methodology adopted for urban traffic stream optimization. By using Petri net analysis as fitness function of a Genetic Algorithm, an entire urban road network is controlled in real time. With the advent of new technologies ... Keywords: Genetic Algorithm, Optimization, Petri net, Urban traffic

Henrique Dezani, Regiane D. S. Bassi, Norian Marranghello, Luís Gomes, Furio Damiani, Ivan Nunes Da Silva

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Urban traffic flow forecasting using Gauss-SVR with cat mapping, cloud model and PSO hybrid algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to improve forecasting accuracy of urban traffic flow, this paper applies support vector regression (SVR) model with Gauss loss function (namely Gauss-SVR) to forecast urban traffic flow. By using the input historical flow data as the validation ... Keywords: Cat mapping, Chaos theory, Cloud model, Particle Swarm Optimization, Support vector regression, Traffic flow forecasting

Ming-Wei Li; Wei-Chiang Hong; Hai-Gui Kang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Real-time road traffic forecasting using regime-switching space-time models and adaptive LASSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Smart transportation technologies require real-time traffic prediction to be both fast and scalable to full urban networks. We discuss a method that is able to meet this challenge while accounting for nonlinear traffic dynamics and space-time dependencies ... Keywords: adaptive LASSO, real-time predictions, threshold regressions, traffic forecasting

Yiannis Kamarianakis; Wei Shen; Laura Wynter

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Anticipative Ramp Metering Control for Freeway Traffic Networks T. Bellemans, B. De Schutter, and B. De Moor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anticipative Ramp Metering Control for Freeway Traffic Networks T. Bellemans, B. De Schutter, and B.deschutter@dcsc.tudelft.nl Abstract-- We develop an anticipative model-based predictive traffic control approach for ramp metering in freeway traffic networks. If ramp metering is imple- mented in a freeway network with alternative routes

205

Fermilab | Traffic Safety at Fermilab | Questions & Answers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Questions & Answers Questions & Answers I received an e-mail stating that I have received a traffic citation, but I did not. What do I do? The email I received states that I have five working days after receiving a citation to appeal, what does that mean? I filled out the citation appeal form and submitted it, what happens next? I missed the five day deadline, what do I do now? I lost my appeal and disagree with the results, what do I do now? I lost my appeal and received disciplinary action, what do I do now? I received a citation but did not sign it because I disagreed with the charge and that, without my signature, it would not be considered a valid citation. I received an email saying that it was a violation. Why did this happen? Why should I appeal a citation? Employees never win anyway.

206

Examining the Spatial Distribution of Externalities: Freight Rail Traffic and Home Values in Los Angeles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper measures the impact of infrastructure expansion on local home values and examines the persistence of that impact over distance. Specifically, I exploit a natural experiment in which rail traffic from the Los Angeles seaport, one of the busiest in the country, was permanently redirected from several tracks to a central line, termed the Alameda Corridor. I link a rich, repeat-sale housing dataset to plausibly exogenous changes in local rail traffic to estimate these effects, controlling for local price trends using a Case-Shiller style housing index. Using the actual traffic changes the result is an estimated $3500 decrease in average home value where traffic increased and a $1300 increase in average home value where rail traffic was reduced. The welfare impact of concentrating a negative externality on a smaller population should depend on the convexity of the cost function, but I find evidence that suggests the marginal cost is symmetric for winners and losers. Instead, the total welfare impact hinges on the efficiency gains achieved by relocating the traffic from circuitous routes to the more direct Alameda Corridor, thereby affecting fewer homeowners. While the net gains are minimal, the re-routing of traffic resulted in a transfer of housing wealth of approximately $200 million.

Michael Futch

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

An approach for improving performance of aggregate voice-over-IP traffic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The emerging popularity and interest in Voice-over-IP (VoIP) has been accompanied by customer concerns about voice quality over these networks. The lack of an appropriate real-time capable infrastructure in packet networks along with the threats of denial-of service (DoS) attacks can deteriorate the service that these voice calls receive. And these conditions contribute to the decline in call quality in VoIP applications; therefore, error-correcting/concealing techniques remain the only alternative to provide a reasonable protection for VoIP calls against packet losses. Traditionally, each voice call employs its own end-to-end forward-error-correction (FEC) mechanisms. In this paper, we show that when VoIP calls are aggregated over a provider's link, with a suitable linear-time encoding for the aggregated voice traffic, considerable quality improvement can be achieved with little redundancy. We show that it is possible to achieve rates closer to channel capacity as more calls are combined with very small output loss rates even in the presence of significant packet loss rates in the network. The advantages of the proposed scheme far exceed similar or other coding techniques applied to individual voice calls.

Al-Najjar, Camelia

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

V-201: Cisco Intrusion Prevention System SSP Fragmented Traffic Denial of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Cisco Intrusion Prevention System SSP Fragmented Traffic 1: Cisco Intrusion Prevention System SSP Fragmented Traffic Denial of Service Vulnerability V-201: Cisco Intrusion Prevention System SSP Fragmented Traffic Denial of Service Vulnerability July 19, 2013 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Several vulnerabilities were reported in Cisco Intrusion Prevention System PLATFORM: Cisco ASA 5500-X Series Adaptive Security Appliances Cisco Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) 7.1 ABSTRACT: A vulnerability in the implementation of the code that processes fragmented traffic could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to cause the Analysis Engine process to become unresponsive or cause the affected system to reload. REFERENCE LINKS: Secunia Advisory SA54246 SecurityTracker ID: 1028806 Cisco Advisory ID: cisco-sa-20130717-ips CVE-2013-1218

209

Reducing signaling traffic in wireless ATM networks through handoff scheme improvement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a new handoff call management scheme which reduces signaling traffic in wireless ATM networks and improves the efficiency of the virtual channel. Chaining followed by a make-break algorithm is a suitable handoff scheme for various situations. ...

Anna Ha?; Yongcan Zhang

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Human-centered automation of air traffic control operations in the terminal area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: Air Traffic Control operations are described extensively in the ATC manuals such as the Airman's Information Manual [1] and the ATC Controller's Handbook [2]. Mathematical analysis has also been conducted for ...

Idris, Husni Rifat

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

VTrack: Accurate, energy-aware road traffic delay estimation using mobile phones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traffic delays and congestion are a major source of inefficiency, wasted fuel, and commuter frustration. Measuring and localizing these delays, and routing users around them, is an important step towards reducing the time ...

Thiagarajan, Arvind

212

Guidelines for Funding Operations and Maintenance of Intelligent Transportation Systems/Advanced Traffic Management Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the results of that effort, presenting O&M costs for more than 60 ITS elements and a discussion of procedural and institutional barriers related to traffic management O&M in Texas.

Ginger Daniels And; Ginger Daniels; Tim Starr

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Effects of Repeated Compost Topdressing Applications on Turfgrass Quality on Athletic Turf under Traffic.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Moderately maintained soil/native-based sports fields with intensive use, usually present poor soil nutrient status, excessive traffic, and low turfgrass cover. Currently, there is little information… (more)

Munoz, Marcela Paz

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

An 128Innovative Vehicular Traffic Combined Simulation Tool: From a Detailed Analysis to Comprehensive Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a technologically advanced analysis method to study the urban traffic problem. The integrated approach described here may also provide interesting results for studying particularly extensive and complex situations, while guaranteeing ...

Agostino G. Bruzzone; D. Rivarolo

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Use of Structure as a Basis for Abstraction in Air Traffic Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The safety and efficiency of the air traffic control domain is highly dependent on the capabilities and limitations of its human controllers. Past research has indicated that structure provided by the airspace and procedures ...

Davison, H. J.

216

Human factors studies of an ADS-B based traffic alerting system for general aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several recent high profile mid-air collisions highlight the fact that mid-air collisions are a concern for general aviation. Current traffic alerting systems have limited usability in the airport environment where a ...

Silva, Sathya Samurdhi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

The case for coordination : equity, efficiency and passenger impacts in air traffic flow management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we develop multi-resource integer optimization formulations for coordinating Traffic Flow Management (TFM) programs with equity considerations. Our multi-resource approaches ignore aircraft connectivity ...

Fearing, Douglas (Douglas Stephen)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Modeling safety case evolution – examples from the air traffic management domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order realistically and cost-effectively to realize the ATM (Air Traffic Management) 2000+ Strategy, systems from different suppliers will be interconnected to form a complete functional and operational environment, covering ground segments and aerospace. ...

Massimo Felici

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Traffic flow forecasting using a spatio-temporal Bayesian network predictor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel predictor for traffic flow forecasting, namely spatiotemporal Bayesian network predictor, is proposed. Unlike existing methods, our approach incorporates all the spatial and temporal information available in a transportation network to carry ...

Shiliang Sun; Changshui Zhang; Yi Zhang

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Widget:Motion Chart Visualization of OpenEI Traffic Statistics...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Motion Chart Visualization of OpenEI Traffic Statistics Jump to: navigation, search Google motion chart (Gapminder): This is the last year of OpenEI analytics for page views, time...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

On the Improvement From Scheduling a Two-Station Queueing Network in Heavy Traffic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For a two-station multiclass queueing network in heavy traffic, we assess the improvement from scheduling (job release and priority sequencing) that can occur relative to Poisson input and first-come first-served (FCFS) ...

Ou, Jihong

222

Multiclass queueing systems in heavy traffic: an asymptotic approach based on distributional and conservation laws  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a new approach to analyze multiclass queueing systems in heavy traffic based on what we consider as fundamental laws in queueing systems, namely distributional and conservation laws. Methodologically, we extend ...

Bertsimas, Dimitris J.

223

Throughput Optimal Scheduling in the Presence of Heavy-Tailed Traffic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the tail behavior of the steady-state queue occupancies under throughput optimal scheduling in the presence of heavy-tailed traffic. We consider a system consisting of two parallel queues, served by a single ...

Jagannathan, Krishna Prasanna

224

Driving segments analysis for energy and environmental impacts of worsening traffic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the last two decades, traffic congestion in the U.S. has increased from 30% to 67% of peak period travel. Further, current research shows that measures taken within transportation systems, such as adding capacity, ...

Feng, Wen, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Mitigating complexity in Air Traffic Control : the role of structure-based abstractions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cognitive complexity is a limiting factor on the capacity and efficiency of the Air Traffic Control (ATC) system. A multi-faceted cognitive ethnography approach shows that structure, defined as the physical and informational ...

Histon, Jonathan M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Energy efficient Traffic-Aware design of on-off Multi-Layer translucent optical networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Efficiency in energy consumption is attracting greater and greater attention in recent years to the point that it is becoming one of the major constraints steering the evolution of our society. In addition to developing new low-consumption devices, one ... Keywords: Daily traffic variation, Energy efficiency, Multi-shelf IP-over-WDM network, Rack/shelf power consumption model, Traffic-Aware optical network design

Giuseppe Rizzelli; Annalisa Morea; Massimo Tornatore; Olivier Rival

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Evolutionary safety analysis: motivations from the air traffic management domain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. In order realistically and cost-effectively to realize the ATM (Air Traffic Management) 2000+ Strategy, systems from different suppliers will be interconnected to form a complete functional and operational environment, covering ground segments and aerospace. Industry will be involved as early as possible in the lifecycle of ATM projects. EURO-CONTROL manages the processes that involve the definition and validation of new ATM solutions using Industry capabilities (e.g., SMEs). In practice, safety analyses adapt and reuse system design models (produced by third parties). Technical, organisational and cost-related reasons often determine this choice, although design models are unfit for safety analysis. Design models provide limited support to safety analysis, because they are tailored for system designers. The definition of an adequate model and of an underlying methodology for its construction will be highly beneficial for whom is performing safety analyses. Limited budgets and resources, often, constrain or inhibit the model definition phase as an integral part of safety analysis. This paper is concerned with problems in modeling ATM systems for safety analysis. The main objective is to highlight a model specifically targeted to support evolutionary safety analysis. 1

Massimo Felici

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

An investigation into the use of highway traffic signals at highway-railroad grade crossings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rail-highway grade crossings are amongst the most dangerous of intersections a driver will encounter. One out of every nine accidents at rail-highway crossings produces a fatality. In half of these cases, the crossing is an active crossing, meaning that active devices such as flashing lights with or without automatic gates signal the approach of a train. Annually, approximately 250 people die in crashes with trains at active crossings. Another form of active protection is the use of highway traffic signals. Highway traffic signals have been used as a form of active rail-highway crossing control in several states. The Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices currently prohibits the use of highway traffic signals on mainline track crossings even though these devices are a well understood and common traffic control device at highway-highway intersections, particularly in urban environments where the majority of active crossings are to be found. The objective of this research was to determine the factors that contribute to fatal vehicle train crashes at rail-highway crossings equipped with either flashing light signals, flashing light signals with automatic gates, or highway traffic signals. Secondly, it attempted to determine whether the use of highway traffic signals at railhighway crossings offer any safety benefits over the use of conventional active traffic control devices. Fatal accident records obtained from the Fatal Accident Reporting System (FARS) were used in this analysis. The driver related factors coded by the police officers in FARS, at fatal active grade crossing locations, were predominantly driver error factors. Three contributing factors that were common to all active crossing fatalities were the involvement of young drivers (less than 30 years old), drunk drivers and the lack signals appeared to offer safety benefits over the other standard active devices with regards to the above three contributing factors, the apparent benefit may be due to the fact that highway traffic signals experience lower night time train volumes. The accuracy of the FARS database description of the traffic control device was also of concern, after a cross check with the DOT/AAR database was performed.

Frieslaar, Andre Henry

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Management processes in U.S. air traffic management modernization : a study of global navigation satellite system development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates organization and management issues associated with the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) efforts to modernize the nation's Air Traffic Management (ATM) system. Focus is placed specifically ...

Sandvig, John H.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Adaptive Distributed Traffic Control Service for DDoS Attack Mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Frequency and intensity of Internet attacks are rising with an alarming pace. Several technologies and concepts were proposed for fighting distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks: traceback, pushback, i3, SOS and Mayday. This paper shows that in the case of DDoS reflector attacks they are either ineffective or even counterproductive. We then propose a novel concept and system that extends the control over network traffic by network users to the Internet using adaptive traffic processing devices. We safely delegate partial network management capabilities from network operators to network users. All network packets with a source or destination address owned by a network user can now also be controlled within the Internet instead of only at the network user's Internet uplink. By limiting the traffic control features and by restricting the realm of control to the "owner" of the traffic, we can rule out misuse of this system. Applications of our system are manifold: prevention of source address spoofing, DDoS attack mitigation, distributed firewall-like filtering, new ways of collecting traffic statistics, traceback, distributed network debugging, support for forensic analyses and many more.

Thomas Dübendorfer; Matthias Bossardt; Bernhard Plattner

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Placement of Traffic Barriers on Roadside and Median Slopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cross median crashes have become a serious problem in recent years. Most of the median cross sections used for divided highways have terrains with steep slopes. Traffic barriers, frequently used on slopes, are generally designed based on the findings obtained from crash tests performed on flat terrain. For barriers placed on roadside and median slopes, vehicle impact height varies depending on the trajectory of the vehicle along the ditch section and lateral offset of the barrier. Thus depending on the placement location on a relatively steep slope, a barrier can be impacted by an errant vehicle at height and orientation more critical compared to those considered during its design. Hence, detailed study of performance of barriers on roadside and median slopes is needed to achieve acceptable safety performance. In this study, performances of modified G4(1S) W-beam, Midwest Guardrail System (MGS), modified Thrie-beam, modified weak post W-beam, and box-beam guardrail systems on sloped terrains are investigated using numerical simulations. A procedure is developed that provide guidance for their placement on roadside and median slopes. The research approach consists of nonlinear finite element analyses and multi-rigid-body dynamic analyses approach. Detailed finite element representation for each of the barriers is developed using LS-DYNA. Model fidelity is assessed through comparison of simulated and measured responses reported in full scale crash test studies conducted on flat terrain. LS-DYNA simulations of vehicle impacts on barriers placed on flat terrain at different impact heights are performed to identify performance limits of the barriers in terms of acceptable vehicle impact heights. The performances of the barriers are evaluated following the guidelines provided in NCHRP Report 350. Multi-rigid-body dynamic analysis code, CARSIM, is used to identify trajectories of the vehicles traversing various roadside and median cross-slopes. After analyzing vehicle trajectories and barrier performance limits, a guideline has been prepared with recommendations for the placement of barriers along roadside and median slopes. This guideline is then verified and refined using the responses obtained from full-scale LS-DYNA simulations. These simulations capture the full encroachment event from departure of the vehicle off the traveled way through impact with the barrier.

Ferdous, Md Rubiat

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - October 2011 | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

October 2011 October 2011 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - October 2011 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

233

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - September 2011 | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September 2011 September 2011 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - September 2011 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

234

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - June 2011 | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

June 2011 June 2011 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - June 2011 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

235

Intra-cellular traffic: bio-molecular motors on filamentary tracks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular motors are macromolecular complexes which use some form of input energy to perform mechanical work. The filamentary tracks, on which these motors move, are made of either proteins (e.g., microtubules) or nucleic acids (DNA or RNA). Often, many such motors move simultaneously on the same track and their collective properties have superficial similarities with vehicular traffic on highways. The models we have developed provide ``unified'' description: in the low-density limit, a model captures the transport properties of a single motor while, at higher densities the same model accounts for the collective spatio-temporal organization of interacting motors. By drawing analogy with vehicular traffic, we have introduced novel quantities for characterizing the nature of the spatio-temporal organization of molecular motors on their tracks. We show how the traffic-like intracellular collective phenomena depend on the mechano-chemistry of the corresponding individual motors.

Debashish Chowdhury; Aakash Basu; Ashok Garai; Philip Greulich; Katsuhiro Nishinari; Andreas Schadschneider; Tripti Tripathi

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - October 2010 | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

October 2010 October 2010 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - October 2010 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

237

U-091: cURL Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

91: cURL Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic 91: cURL Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic U-091: cURL Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic January 30, 2012 - 6:45am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in cURL. PLATFORM: Linux (Any), UNIX (Any), Windows (Any) : Version(s): 7.10.6 through 7.23.1 ABSTRACT: A remote user can decrypt SSL/TLS sessions in certain cases. reference LINKS: CVE-2011-3389 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026587 Vendor Advisory IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Moderate Discussion: A remote user with the ability to conduct a man-in-the-middle attack can decrypt SSL/TLS sessions. The SSL protocol, as used in certain configurations in Microsoft Windows and Microsoft Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Opera, and other products, encrypts data by using CBC mode with chained initialization vectors, which allows

238

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - June 2010 | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

June 2010 June 2010 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - June 2010 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

239

High-speed and high-fidelity system and method for collecting network traffic  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system is provided for the high-speed and high-fidelity collection of network traffic. The system can collect traffic at gigabit-per-second (Gbps) speeds, scale to terabit-per-second (Tbps) speeds, and support additional functions such as real-time network intrusion detection. The present system uses a dedicated operating system for traffic collection to maximize efficiency, scalability, and performance. A scalable infrastructure and apparatus for the present system is provided by splitting the work performed on one host onto multiple hosts. The present system simultaneously addresses the issues of scalability, performance, cost, and adaptability with respect to network monitoring, collection, and other network tasks. In addition to high-speed and high-fidelity network collection, the present system provides a flexible infrastructure to perform virtually any function at high speeds such as real-time network intrusion detection and wide-area network emulation for research purposes.

Weigle, Eric H. (Los Alamos, NM)

2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

240

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - September 2010 | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September 2010 September 2010 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - September 2010 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

The effectiveness of jobs-housing balance as a strategy for reducing traffic congestion: a study of metropolitan Bangkok  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bangkok is widely known for its severe traffic congestion. The Thai government advocates the concept of jobs and housing balance (JHB) as a strategy for reducing traffic congestion in Metropolitan Bangkok. The basic idea is to decentralize the jobs to the neighboring provinces so that the commuters would live closer to their workplaces and thereby alleviate traffic congestion. The main purpose of this research is to examine empirically the effectiveness of JHB in reducing the severity of traffic congestion in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region. For this purpose, three data sets derived from the Bangkok Metropolitan Region Extended City Model (BMR-ECM) were obtained from the Office of the Commission for the Management of Land Traffic and the National Statistical Office of Thailand. Travel time index (TTI) was developed to measure congestion. In addition to JHB, a number of land use variables were included in the analysis. They are population density, school density, and job accessibility index. Multiple regression models of TTI as functions of JHB and other variables were estimated at two geographic scales: subsector and traffic analysis zone (TAZ). The study finds JHB is significant in influencing congestion levels in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region. Other influential factors include the population density, school density, and job accessibility. All of these factors are found to be statistically significant in explaining the variation of traffic congestion at the traffic analysis zone level, but not at the subsector level, however.

Lobyaem, Sonchai

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Summer Transportation Institute Learn what it takes to make traffic flow in a safe and effective way.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Summer Transportation Institute Learn what it takes to make traffic flow in a safe and effective how traffic engineers plan and maintain our systems of transportation around the state. · tour engineers from around the state learn what engineers do to make our transportation system work effectively

243

The Entropy Solutions for the Lighthill-Whitham-Richards Traffic Flow Model with a Discontinuous Flow-Density Relationship  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we explicitly construct the entropy solutions for the Lighthill-Whitham-Richards (LWR) traffic flow model with a flow-density relationship which is piecewise quadratic, concave, but not continuous at the junction points where two quadratic ... Keywords: LWR model, WENO scheme, discontinuous flow-density relationship, entropy solution, traffic flow

Yadong Lu; S. C. Wong; Mengping Zhang; Chi-Wang Shu

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

LED Traffic Light as a Communications Device Grantham Pang, Thomas Kwan, Chi-Ho Chan, Hugh Liu.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

:http://www.eee.hku.hk/~gpang Abstract The visible light from an LED (light emitting diode) traffic light can be modulated and encoded on the description of an audio information system made up of high brightness, visible light emitting diodes (LEDs messages 1. Introduction Recently, high intensity light emitting diodes for traffic signals are available

Pang, Grantham

245

Traffic scheduling mechanism based on graph theory for Power Saving mode of IEEE 802.11 distributed coordinator function  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In IEEE 802.11 Power Saving (PS) mode specified for Independent Basic Service Set (IBSS), mobile stations announce their pending data packets within Announcement Traffic Indication Message (ATIM) window immediately after the reception ... Keywords: IEEE 80211, MAC protocol, ad hoc networks, distributed coordinator, energy efficiency, graph theory, medium access control, power saving, power-efficient, time synchronisation function, traffic scheduling

M. H. Ye; C. T. Lau; A. B. Premkumar

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

An integrated mobility and traffic model for resource allocation in wireless networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a wireless communications network, the movement of mobile users presents significant technical challenges to providing efficient access to the wired broadband network. In this paper, we construct a new analytical/numerical model that characterizes ... Keywords: admission control, mobility, resource allocation, traffic modeling, wireless networks

Hisashi Kobayashi; Shun-Zheng Yu; Brian L. Mark

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Experiences in deploying a wireless mesh network testbed for traffic control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless mesh networks (WMN) have attracted considerable interest in recent years as a convenient, flexible and low-cost alternative to wired communication infrastructures in many contexts. However, the great majority of research on metropolitan-scale ... Keywords: deployment, traffic control, wireless mesh network

Kun-chan Lan; Zhe Wang; Mahbub Hassan; Tim Moors; Rodney Berriman; Lavy Libman; Maximilian Ott; Bjorn Landfeldt; Zainab Zaidi

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Applications of GridProbe Technology for Traffic Monitoring on High-Capacity Backbone Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applications of GridProbe Technology for Traffic Monitoring on High-Capacity Backbone Networks Data for the UKLIGHT international high capacity experimental network. The proposed system will record data flow projects in the e-science framework to enable data collection on core activities on such high speed

Haddadi, Hamed

249

Virtual Queue Based Distributed Data Traffic Scheduling for Cyber Physical Systems with Application in Smart Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Communication is needed in cyber physical system (CPS) to convey information from sensors to controllers. In this paper, a wireless network is considered to serve as the communication infrastructure in CPS. The data traffic scheduling problem is studied ... Keywords: Kalman filtering, cyber physical system, scheduling

Husheng Li

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

HEAF: a novel estimator for long-range dependent self-similar network traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-range dependent (LRD) self-similar chaotic behaviour has been found to be present in internet traffic by many researchers. The ‘Hurst exponent', H, is used as a measure of the degree of long-range dependence. A variety of techniques exist ...

Karim Mohammed Rezaul; Algirdas Pakstas; R. Gilchrist; Thomas M. Chen

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Bigazzi, Figliozzi, and Clifton 1 Motorists' Exposure to Traffic-Related Air Pollution:1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, "A micro-scale dispersion model for motor vehicle exhaust gas in urban3 areas--OMG volume. Yoshikawa, and T. Morikawa, "A wind-tunnel study on8 exhaust-gas dispersion from road vehicles­Part II studied). Traffic-induced dispersion increases with higher flows ­ slightly offsetting the9 increased

Bertini, Robert L.

252

A first look at cellular machine-to-machine traffic: large scale measurement and characterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cellular network based Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communication is fast becoming a market-changing force for a wide spectrum of businesses and applications such as telematics, smart metering, point-of-sale terminals, and home security and automation systems. ... Keywords: cellular network, machine-to-machine traffic

Muhammad Zubair Shafiq; Lusheng Ji; Alex X. Liu; Jeffrey Pang; Jia Wang

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Pareto-improving and revenue-neutral congestion pricing schemes in two-mode traffic networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies a Pareto-improving and revenue-neutral congestion pricing scheme on a simple two-mode (highway and transit) network: this scheme aims at simultaneously improving system performance, making every individual user better off, and having ... Keywords: Congestion pricing, Pareto-improving, Revenue-neutral, Traffic equilibrium, Two-mode network

Yang Liu; Xiaolei Guo; Hai Yang

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

The smart tachograph – individual accounting of traffic costs and its implications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today, several costs caused by road traffic may either be only roughly approximated, or cannot be clearly assigned to the drivers causing them, or both. They are typically distributed evenly among a large fraction of drivers, which is both unfair and ...

Vlad Coroama

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

A unified framework for multipath routing for unicast and multicast traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the problem of load balancing the traffic from a set of unicast and multicast sessions. The problem is formulated as an optimization problem. However, we assume that the gradient of the network cost function is not available and needs to be ... Keywords: mathematical programming/optimization, multipath routing, network measurements

Tuna Güven; Richard J. La; Mark A. Shayman; Bobby Bhattacharjee

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Measurement, Analysis and Modeling of real-time Source Data traffic in Factory Communication Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the performance evaluation and design of communication systems for distributed automation systems the almost realistic modeling of the data traffic of automation devices plays a decisive part. Therefore the real-time communication behaviour of a high-grade automated installation in the discrete manufacturing is evaluated. Selected communication requirements are analysed and transferred to a analytic model. This model finally is validated.

Juergen Jasperneite; Peter Neumann

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

The effect of multiple entrances on the elevator round trip time under up-peak traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of vertical transportation systems relies on the calculation of the interval as an indicator of the quality of service. This in turn involves the accurate calculation of the round trip time of a single elevator. The calculation of the round ... Keywords: Basement, Elevator, Interval, Lift, Round trip time, Up peak traffic

Lutfi Al-Sharif

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Oblivious routing for fat-tree based system area networks with uncertain traffic demands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fat-tree based system area networks have been widely adopted in high performance computing clusters. In such systems, the routing is often deterministic and the traffic demand is usually uncertain and changing. In this paper, we study routing performance ... Keywords: fat-tree, oblivious routing, system area networks

Xin Yuan; Wickus Nienaber; Zhenhai Duan; Rami Melhem

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Colour vision model-based approach for segmentation of traffic signs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new approach to segment traffic signs from the rest of a scene via CIECAM, a colour appearance model. This approach not only takes CIECAM into practical application for the first time since it was standardised in 1998, but also ...

Xiaohong Gao; Kunbin Hong; Peter Passmore; Lubov Podladchikova; Dmitry Shaposhnikov

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Post-construction evaluation of traffic forecast accuracy Pavithra Parthasarathi , David Levinson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Post-construction evaluation of traffic forecast accuracy Pavithra Parthasarathi Ã?, David Levinson: Transportation demand forecasting Project evaluation Forecast accuracy Model evaluation a b s t r a c t This research evaluates the accuracy of demand forecasts using a sample of recently-completed projects

Levinson, David M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Design and performance evaluation of a fuzzy based traffic conditioner for differentiated services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current Internet can only provide the best-effort services. By growing the Internet and its applications, new services with different requirements are developed. The differentiated services (Diffserv) [S. Blake, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, W. ... Keywords: Differentiated services (Diffserv), Fuzzy logic controller (FLC), Quality of service (QoS), Scheduling mechanisms, Traffic metering

Mohammad Hossien Yaghmaee; Mohammad Bagher Menhaj; Hale Amintoosi

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Performance Evaluation of Adaptive Ramp-Metering Algorithms Using Microscopic Traffic Simulation Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance Evaluation of Adaptive Ramp-Metering Algorithms Using Microscopic Traffic Simulation metering has undergone significant theoretical developments in recent years. However, the applicability been used in an evaluation study of three well-known adaptive ramp-metering algorithms: ALINEA, BOTTLE

Levinson, David M.

263

Joint Metering and Conflict Resolution in Air Traffic Control Jerome Le Ny  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joint Metering and Conflict Resolution in Air Traffic Control Jerome Le Ny and George J. Pappas programming. A key feature of this approach is its ability to also take into account various metering and metering in order to support this task. This paper addresses this problem by presenting a trajectory

Plotkin, Joshua B.

264

ASR: anonymous and secure reporting of traffic forwarding activity in mobile ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nodes forward data on behalf of each other in mobile ad hoc networks. In a civilian application, nodes are assumed to be selfish and rational, i.e., they pursue their own self-interest. Hence, the ability to accurately measure traffic forwarding is critical ... Keywords: Anonymity, MANET, Monitoring, Packet forwarding, Secure link layer acknowledgment, Secure reporting protocol, Security

Heesook Choi; William Enck; Jaesheung Shin; Patrick D. Mcdaniel; Thomas F. Porta

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

MEASURING THE IMPACT OF ADDITIONAL RAIL TRAFFIC USING HIGHWAY & RAILROAD METRICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are then illustrated by simulating shared corridor operations with freight and passenger trains. TRANSPORTATION METRICS1 MEASURING THE IMPACT OF ADDITIONAL RAIL TRAFFIC USING HIGHWAY & RAILROAD METRICS Samuel L. Sogin of Illinois Urbana, IL, USA ABSTRACT Long term demand for freight movements in North America is expected

Barkan, Christopher P.L.

266

A review of the applications of agent technology in traffic and transportation systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The agent computing paradigm is rapidly emerging as one of the powerful technologies for the development of largescale distributed systems to deal with the uncertainty in a dynamic environment. The domain of traffic and transportation systems is well ... Keywords: agents, intelligent transportation systems (ITS), mobile agent systems, multiagent systems (MAS)

Bo Chen; Harry H. Cheng

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Modeling Heavy-tails in Traffic Sources for Network Performance Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Modeling Heavy-tails in Traffic Sources for Network Performance Evaluation Vaidyanathan Ramaswami, Kaustubh Jain, Rittwik Jana, Vaneet Aggarwal Abstract--Heavy tails in work loads (file sizes, flow lengths heavy tailed random variables. The fits obtained are validated using separate training and test data

Greenberg, Albert

268

Traffic Congestion Mitigation as an Emissions Reduction Strategy Alexander York Bigazzi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, such as electric and gas- electric hybrid vehicles. But travel volume is also a key consideration for the total hydrocarbons and particulate matter), and decreases with the fraction of advanced-drivetrain vehicles assume that traffic congestion mitigation results in reduced vehicle emissions without proper

Bertini, Robert L.

269

Supporting bursty traffic in wireless sensor networks through a distributed advertisement-based TDMA protocol (ATMA)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nodes in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are battery powered and oftentimes deployed in remote and hostile locations. Energy conservation is, therefore, one of the primary goals of MAC protocols designed for these networks. Contention-based protocols ... Keywords: Bursty traffic, Data advertisements, Hybrid, MAC protocol, TDMA, WSN

Surjya Ray; Ilker Demirkol; Wendi Heinzelman

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

CrashHelp: An Innovation to Improve Traffic Crash Emergency Medical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CrashHelp: An Innovation to Improve Traffic Crash Emergency Medical Response! Thomas Horan, Ph, and visualize information? !What existing and emerging technologies could be applied? !What are the best's" of transportation safety (USDOT, 2006) !Education, Engineering, Enforcement, Emergency medical services (EMS) "EMS

Minnesota, University of

271

Design and analysis of multi-level active queue management mechanisms for emergency traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multiple average-multiple threshold (MAMT) active queue management (AQM) is proposed as a solution for providing available and dependable service to traffic from emergency users after disasters. MAMT is a simple but effective approach that can be applied ... Keywords: Active queue management, Emergency services, Quality of service

Manali Joshi; Ajay Mansata; Salil Talauliker; Cory Beard

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Air traffic control communication at Detroit Metro Wayne County Airport August 17, 1987  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report contains a transcript of radio communications between air traffic controllers and pilots. The transcript was prepared as part of the ATC Interaction Research Project (AIR Project) at the Oregon Graduate Institute, which has been investigating computational representations of air traffic control (ATC) communication. The transcript was made from a tape prepared and narrated by Lawrence L. Porter, a consultant in the field of air traffic control and aircraft accidents. It follows Northwest Airlines Flight 255 as it landed and took off from Detroit Metro Wayne County Airport on August 17, 1987, showing the pilot's interaction with each of the controller positions (Arrival Radar, Local Control, Ground Control, and Clearance Delivery). A copy of this recording on cassette may be obtained by writing to the Department of Computer Science and Engineering of the Oregon Graduate Institute. The authors thank Mr. Porter for providing the recording and narration. The transcript is in two parts. The section entitled "Full Transcript" depicts all exchanges chronologically as they occurred. However, air traffic control dialogue can be viewed as many interleaved yet fairly independent conversations, so in the "Separated Transcripts" section utterances are grouped by aircraft to show the course of each individual conversation. The utterance numbers from the full transcript are preserved in the separated transcripts so that the utterance context may be located easily. The notation and transcription conventions used in these transcripts are described in Appendix A. Appendix B contains charts describing the airspace around Detroit Metro Wayne County Airport.. The utterances in this transcript contain specialized terms and usages specific to the Air Traffic Control (ATC) domain. B...

Karen Ward; David Novick; Carolyn Sousa

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Hoisting and rigging manual: Uncontrolled document  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document is a draft copy of a Hoisting and Rigging Manual for the Department of Energy. The manual is divided into ten chapters. The chapter titles follow: terminology and definitions; operator training and qualification; overhead and gantry cranes; mobile cranes; forklift trucks; hoists; hooks; wire rope, slings, and rigging accessories; construction hoisting and rigging equipment requirements; references.

NONE

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Major Subject: Computer EngineeringAN APPROACH FOR IMPROVING PERFORMANCE OF AGGREGATE VOICE-OVER-IP TRAFFIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. A. L. Narasimha Reddy The emerging popularity and interest in Voice-over-IP (VoIP) has been accompanied by customer concerns about voice quality over these networks. The lack of an appropriate real-time capable infrastructure in packet networks along with the threats of denial-of service (DoS) attacks can deteriorate the service that these voice calls receive. And these conditions contribute to the decline in call quality in VoIP applications; therefore, error-correcting/concealing techniques remain the only alternative to provide a reasonable protection for VoIP calls against packet losses. Traditionally, each voice call employs its own end-to-end forward-error-correction (FEC) mechanisms. In this paper, we show that when VoIP calls are aggregated over a provider's link, with a suitable linear-time encoding for the aggregated voice traffic, considerable quality improvement can be achieved with little redundancy. We show that it is possible to achieve rates closer to channel capacity as more calls are combined with very small output loss rates even in the presence of significant packet loss rates in the network. The advantages of the proposed scheme far exceed similar or other coding techniques applied to individual

Camelia Al-najjar; Weiping Shi; Chanan Singh

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

U-259: RSA BSAFE SSL-C Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic and SSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

259: RSA BSAFE SSL-C Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic 259: RSA BSAFE SSL-C Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic and SSL Buffer Overflow Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code U-259: RSA BSAFE SSL-C Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic and SSL Buffer Overflow Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code September 13, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: RSA BSAFE SSL-C Lets Remote Users Decrypt SSL/TLS Traffic and SSL Buffer Overflow Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code PLATFORM: RSA BSAFE SSL-C prior to 2.8.6 ABSTRACT: RSA BSAFE SSL-C Multiple Vulnerabilities reference LINKS: Secunia Advisory SA50601 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027514 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027513 CVE-2011-3389 CVE-2012-2110 CVE-2012-2131 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: EMC has acknowledged a weakness and a vulnerability in RSA BSAFE, which can

276

Computer program development specification for the air traffic control subsystem of the Man-Vehicle Systems Research Facility.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Functional summary: The Air Traffic Control (ATC) Subsystem of the Man-Vehicle System Research Facility (MVSRF) is a hardware/software complex which provides the MVSRF with the capability of simulating the multi-aircraft, ...

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Flight Transportation Laboratory

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Queue length asymptotics for generalized max-weight scheduling in the presence of heavy-tailed traffic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the asymptotic behavior of the steady-state queue length distribution under generalized max-weight scheduling in the presence of heavy-tailed traffic. We consider a system consisting of two parallel queues, ...

Jagannathan

278

A decision process framework: selecting strategies for rehabilitation of rigid pavements subjected to high traffic volumes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Concrete pavements, underdesigned for today's levels of traffic, are deteriorating rapidly. Maintenance, rehabilitation, and reconstruction activities (MRR) have become more widespread and costly. State highway agencies are often being asked to do more MRR work with fewer funds. An improved and comprehensive decision process for selecting the preferred strategy for MRR that considers not only pavement but also traffic and construction issues is needed. Research was conducted to develop a framework for selecting strategies for MRR. The factors, steps, and information involved in the MRR decision process were identified. A decision analysis tool, IDEF0, was used to model the decision process framework. The IDEF0 model is hierarchical in nature (each function is divided into subfunctions) and includes the information flow between the different functions. Data was collected through project case studies and interviews to evaluate and refine the framework. Further research will be necessary to expand the model to a higher level of detail.

Valls, Marc Edouard Josep

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Traffic Management Command, ATTN: MT-INFF, 5611 Columbia Pike, Falls  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

/ 'Vol 52,-No. 212. !/- Tuesday; November 3, -1987 1 Notices.- . / 'Vol 52,-No. 212. !/- Tuesday; November 3, -1987 1 Notices.- . . and responsibility of that company. This is not intented to prevent a carrier from interchanging equipment to allow for the through movement of traffic. Master- leases which do not meet the requirements of a long-term lease or that depend on other documentation and/or subleases to be complete are viewed as trip-leases. DATE: Comments must be received on or before 1 January 1988. ADDRESS: Comments should be addressed to: Headquarters, Military Traffic Management Command, ATTN: MT-INFF, 5611 Columbia Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041-5050. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. Ms. Patricia McCormick, HQMTMC 5611 Columbia Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041- 5050, (202] 756-1887. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. Master- leases which do not conform to the

280

Street-based Topological Representations and Analyses for Predicting Traffic Flow in GIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is well received in the space syntax community that traffic flow is significantly correlated to a morphological property of streets, which are represented by axial lines, forming a so called axial map. The correlation co-efficient (R square value) approaches 0.8 and even a higher value according to the space syntax literature. In this paper, we study the same issue using the Hong Kong street network and the Hong Kong Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT) datasets, and find surprisingly that street-based topological representations (or street-street topologies) tend to be better representations than the axial map. In other words, vehicle flow is correlated to a morphological property of streets better than that of axial lines. Based on the finding, we suggest the street-based topological representations as an alternative GIS representation, and the topological analyses as a new analytical means for geographic knowledge discovery.

Jiang, Bin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

An integrated model of traffic, geography and economy in the Internet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling Internet growth is important both for understanding the current network and to predict and improve its future. To date, Internet models have typically attempted to explain a subset of the following characteristics: network structure, traffic flow, geography, and economy. In this paper we present a discrete, agent-based model, that integrates all of them. We show that the model generates networks with topologies, dynamics, and (more speculatively) spatial distributions that are similar to the Internet.

Holme, Petter; Forrest, Stephanie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Study on the relationship between left-turn traffic operations and safety at signalized intersections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intersections are the most complex locations in a traffic system and are likely to have a higher crash count than any other location in the system. Intersection safety is related to traffic operations, such as traffic signal and approaching volume. The objective of this study is to determine the contributing factor for left-turn crashes at signalized intersections by a statistical modeling process and to develop crash prediction models. Potential contributing factors representing the characteristic of a left-turn operation were identified and considered for inclusion in crash prediction models. HCS (Highway Capacity Software) 2000 was utilized for computing some traffic indicators such as volume to capacity ratio for potential inclusion in the models. Three years of crash data were collected in the College Station area. The Signal timing and Volume data were obtained from public works in College Station. The volume data was sorted into three time periods and signal timing data were obtained for three different time periods: AM, noon, and PM. The division of time periods results from timing plans being changed for different periods. Relationship between crash count and each factor was explored to identify whether the factor has the potential to influence the crash count. Afterwards, the prediction models were developed using the negative binomial structure because of many zero samples. Akaike Information Criteria was used for selecting the model having the best fit. Wald tables provided that variables have significance in affecting the left-turn crash count. Left-turn type, sequence, volume, control delay, and post speed limit were identified as significant factors impacting left-turn crash count at a signalized intersection.

Lee, Sunghoon

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Analysis of a Cellular Automaton Model for Car Traffic with a Slow-to-Stop Rule  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a modification of the widely known Benjamin-Johnson-Hui (BJH) cellular automaton model for single-lane traffic simulation. In particular, our model includes a ‘slow-to-stop’ rule that exhibits more realistic microscopic driver behaviour than the BJH model. We present some statistics related to fuel economy and pollution generation and show that our model differs greatly in these measures. We give concise results based on extensive simulations using our system.

Adam Clarridge; Kai Salomaa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Large deviation properties of constant rate data streams sharing a buffer with variable rate cross traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a constant rate data stream which shares a buffer with a variable rate data stream. A first come first serve service discipline is applied at the buffer. After service at the first buffer the variable rate traffic leaves the system, whereas ... Keywords: 68M20, 90B15, Markov-modulated fluid sources, fluid model, large buffer asymptotics, many sources asymptotics, on-off sources, primary 60F10, queueing network, secondary 60K25

Kurt Majewski

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Environmental Assessment for Proposed Access Control and Traffic Improvements at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

29 29 Environmental Assessment for Proposed Access Control and Traffic Improvements at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico August 23, 2002 Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Los Alamos Site Office Environmental Assessment for Proposed Access Control and Traffic Improvements at LANL DOE LASO August 23, 2002 iii Contents ACRONYMS AND TERMS ......................................................................................................... VI EXECUTIVE SUMMARY......................................................................................................... VIII 1.0 PURPOSE AND NEED ............................................................................................................

286

Two-Parameter Heavy-Traffic Limits for Infinite-Server Queues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to obtain Markov heavy-traffic approximations for infinite-server queues with general non-exponential service-time distributions and general arrival processes, possibly with time-varying arrival rates, we establish heavy-traffic limits for two-parameter stochastic processes. We consider the random variables $Q^e(t,y)$ and $Q^r(t,y)$ representing the number of customers in the system at time $t$ that have elapsed service times less than or equal to time $y$, or residual service times strictly greater than $y$. We also consider $W^r(t,y)$ representing the total amount of work in service time remaining to be done at time $t+y$ for customers in the system at time $t$. The two-parameter stochastic-process limits in the space $D([0,\\infty),D)$ of $D$-valued functions in $D$ draw on, and extend, previous heavy-traffic limits by Glynn and Whitt (1991), where the case of discrete service-time distributions was treated, and Krichagina and Puhalskii (1997), where it was shown that the variability of service tim...

Pang, Guodong

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Rationality and Traffic Attraction: Incentives for Honest Path Announcements in BGP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study situations in which autonomous systems (ASes) may have incentives to send BGP announcements differing from the AS-level paths that packets traverse in the data plane. Prior work on this issue assumed that ASes seek only to obtain the best possible outgoing path for their traffic. In reality, other factors can influence a rational AS’s behavior. Here we consider a more natural model, in which an AS is also interested in attracting incoming traffic (e.g., because other ASes pay it to carry their traffic). We ask what combinations of BGP enhancements and restrictions on routing policies can ensure that ASes have no incentive to lie about their data-plane paths. We find that protocols like S-BGP alone are insufficient, but that S-BGP does suffice if coupled with additional (quite unrealistic) restrictions on routing policies. Our game-theoretic analysis illustrates the high cost of ensuring that the ASes honestly announce data-plane paths in their BGP path announcements.

Sharon Goldberg; Shai Halevi; Aaron D. Jaggard; Vijay Ramachandran; Rebecca N. Wright

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Semiclassical energy conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present and develop several nonlinear energy conditions suitable for use in the semiclassical regime. In particular, we consider the recently formulated "flux energy condition" (FEC), and the novel "trace-of-square" (TOSEC) and "determinant" (DETEC) energy conditions. As we shall show, these nonlinear energy conditions behave much better than the classical linear energy conditions in the presence of semiclassical quantum effects. Moreover, whereas the quantum extensions of these nonlinear energy conditions seem to be quite widely satisfied as one enters the quantum realm, analogous quantum extensions are generally not useful for the linear classical energy conditions.

Martin-Moruno, Prado

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Air Conditioning and lungs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Air Conditioning and lungs Name: freeman Status: NA Age: NA Location: NA Country: NA Date: Around 1993 Question: What affect does air conditioning have upon the lungs of the...

290

Conditional belief types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study type spaces where a player’s type at a state is a conditional probability on the space. We axiomatize these type spaces using conditional belief operators, and examine three additional axioms of increasing strength. First, introspection, which requires the agent to be unconditionally certain of her beliefs. Second, echo, according to which the unconditional beliefs implied by the condition must be held given the condition. Third, determination, which says that the conditional beliefs are the unconditional beliefs that are conditionally certain. The echo axiom implies that conditioning on an event is the same as conditioning on the event being certain, which formalizes the standard informal interpretation of conditioning in probability theory. The echo axiom also implies that the conditional probability given an event is a prior of the unconditional probability. The game-theoretic application of our model, which we treat in the context of an example, sheds light on a number of basic issues in the analysis of extensive form games. Type spaces are closely related to the sphere models of counterfactual conditionals and to models of hypothetical knowledge, and we discuss these relationships in detail.

Alfredo Di; Tillio Joseph; Y. Halpern; Dov Samet

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

The use of a simple cellular automata model as a testbed for kinetic theories of vehicular traffic flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The broad objective of this thesis is to explore the potential for the use of Cellular Automata (CA) models to provide a testbed for comparison of different kinetic models of vehicular traffic. We intend to develop a quantitative technique for comparing various kinetic equations that model a given CA-based microscopic model of vehicular traffic. We also plan to apply this technique to two instances of kinetic models, which are differentiated only by their assumptions regarding inter-vehicular correlation and are intended to statistically predict the behavior of ensembles of instances of the underlying CA. We apply different versions of the L? norm as a metric to compare two kinetic models within two scenarios that are representative of typical vehicular traffic problems. The kinetic models are both derived from the same simple CA traffic model, known as CA-184-CC, but they are based on different models of vehicle correlation: the modified vehicular chaos model; and the Nelson and Raney model, an ad-hoc model developed in an earlier paper by P. Nelson and the author. The traffic scenarios are "near-jam," in which a large traffic jam has a high probability of occurring in a particular location; and "pseudo-free-flow," in which vehicles have a high probability of being spaced out from one another enough to allow driving at the maximum desired speed. Results show that the L[distribution][superscript]???[w][subscript] norm produces slightly smaller values for the near-jam scenario and significantly smaller values for the pseudo-free-flow scenario. Also, the L[distribution][superscript]???[w][subscript] norm comparing the CA model to the modified vehicular chaos correlation model is smaller than that of the CA to the Nelson and Raney ad-hoc correlation model, indicating that the modified vehicular chaos model is a better fit to the ensembled CA model.

Raney, Bryan Keith

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Terms and Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Terms and Conditions Terms and Conditions Terms and Conditions As a premier national research and development laboratory, LANL seeks to do business with qualified companies that offer value and high quality products and services. Contact Small Business Office (505) 667-4419 Email Use information below as guideline to doing business An "Appendix SFA-1" contains FAR and DEAR Clauses that are incorporated by reference into a particular subcontract. "Exhibit A General Conditions" are the general terms and conditions applicable to a particular subcontract. Note: The contents of the SFA-1 and Exhibit A (below) are not the only terms and conditions that will be in a LANS subcontract but represent the terms that generally do not change in a particular type of procurement. The

293

Movements in air conditioning.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Movements in Air Conditioning is a collection of poems that explores the obstacles inherent in creating a new sense of home in a country that… (more)

Hitt, Robert D. (Robert David)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Operating Conditions Opportunity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Components in Aggressive Operating Conditions Opportunity Research is active on the patent-pending technology, titled "3-Dimensional Functionally Gradient Coatings for...

295

On Sojourn Times in the $M/M/1$-PS Model, Conditioned on the Number of Other Users  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the $M/M/1$-PS queue with processor sharing. We study the conditional sojourn time distribution of an arriving customer, conditioned on the number of other customers present. A new formula is obtained for the conditional sojourn time distribution, using a discrete Green's function. This is shown to be equivalent to some classic results of Pollaczeck and Vaulot from 1946. Then various asymptotic limits are studied, including large time and/or large number of customers present, and heavy traffic, where the arrival rate is only slightly less than the service rate.

Zhen, Qiang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Google-Map-Based Online Platform for Arterial Traffic Information and Analysis Yao-Jan Wu, Ph.D. Student (Corresponding Author)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Google-Map-Based Online Platform for Arterial Traffic Information and Analysis Yao-Jan Wu, Ph such systems focus on freeways rather than arterials or urban streets. This paper presents a Google networks. Key words: Google maps, arterial, traveler information system, traffic flow map, web technology

Washington at Seattle, University of

297

Anticipative Ramp Metering Control Using Dynamic Traffic M. van den Berg, T. Bellemans, B. De Schutter, B. De Moor, J. Hellendoorn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anticipative Ramp Metering Control Using Dynamic Traffic Assignment M. van den Berg, T. Bellemans control approach for ramp metering in freeway networks. If ramp metering is implemented in a freeway-based predictive traffic control framework. In this way, anticipative model predictive control for ramp metering

298

Analytical and Numerical Investigation of Ant Behavior Under Crowded Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Swarm intelligence is widely recognized as a powerful paradigm of self-organized optimization, with numerous examples of successful applications in distributed artificial intelligence. However, the role of physical interactions in the organization of traffic flows in ants under crowded conditions has only been studied very recently. The related results suggest new ways of congestion control and simple algorithms for optimal resource usage based on local interactions and, therefore, decentralized control concepts. Here, we present a mathematical analysis of such a concept for an experiment with two alternative ways with limited capacities between a food source and the nest of an ant colony. Moreover, we carry out microscopic computer simulations for generalized setups, in which ants have more alternatives or the alternative ways are of different lengths. In this way and by variation of interaction parameters, we can get a better idea, how powerful congestion control based on local repulsive interactions may be...

Peters, Karsten; Dussutour, Audrey; Helbing, Dirk

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Simplified Space Conditioning  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Simplified Space Conditioning Simplified Space Conditioning Duncan Prahl, RA IBACOS, Inc. Building America Technical Update April 29, 2013 Simplified Space Conditioning Rethinking HVAC Design * Traditional Method - Assume envelope losses dictate the load - Room by room load analysis - Pick Equipment and distribute to meet the load in each room * New Method - Consider how the occupants live in the building - Seriously consider internal gains in both heating and cooling - Consider ventilation strategy - Design system Simplified Space Conditioning If you are: * A production builder * Participating in "above code" programs * Following ACCA Manual RS or ASHRAE 55 * Need to prove "delivering heat to each habitable room" * Concerned about litigation * Play it safe, Use Manual J, S & D and condition every

300

Cost Sensitive Conditional Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While POMDPs provide a general platform for conditional planning under a wide range of quality metrics they have limited scalability. On the other hand, uniform probability conditional planners scale very well, but many lack the ability to optimize plan quality metrics. We present an innovation to planning graph based heuristics that helps uniform probability conditional planners both scale and generate high quality plans when using actions with non uniform costs. We make empirical comparisons with two state of the art planners to show the benefit of our techniques.

Daniel Bryce; Subbarao Kambhampati

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

SITE-CONTROLLED SECURE MULTI-HOMING AND TRAFFIC ENGINEERING FOR IP Randall Atkinson Saleem Bhatti Steve Hailes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Grid, including the global Internet. Similarly, the ability to provide traffic engineering for a site. ILNP enables concurrent multi-path transmission for a flow, without re- quiring multicast routing in Figure 1 for the site network because it maps to many real scenarios, e.g. a warship (mobile network

Bhatti, Saleem N.

302

A proposal of new price-based Call Admission Control rules for Guaranteed Performance services multiplexed with Best Effort traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pricing for the use of telecommunication services is an issue widely treated in the literature. In the last years it has received a growing attention in order to establish various fairness criteria in the bandwidth allocation for each type of traffic ... Keywords: Asynchronous Transfer Mode, Best Effort services, Call Admission Control, Flow control, Guaranteed Performance services, IP Quality of Service, Pricing, Proportional Fairness

Marco Baglietto; Raffaele Bolla; Franco Davoli; Mario Marchese; Maurizio Mongelli

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

An empirical study of users' hype cycle based on search traffic: the case study on hybrid cars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many forms of technology cycle models have been developed and utilized to identify new/convergent technologies and forecast social changes, and among these, the technology hype cycle introduced by Gartner has become established as an effective method ... Keywords: 91, D91, Google trends, Hybrid car, Hype cycle model, Search traffic, Users' hype cycle

Seung-Pyo Jun

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Sample path large deviations for a family of long-range dependent traffic and associated queue length processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the long-range dependent cumulative traffic generated by the superposition of constant rate fluid sources having exponentially distributed inter start times and Pareto distributed durations with finite mean and infinite variance. We prove ... Keywords: Fluid source, Pareto distribution, Rate function

Kurt Majewski

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

186 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 39, NO. 1, JANUARY 1993 On the Uniform-Traffic Capacity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the same time. Construc- tive lower bounds as well as some upper bounds on the uniform-traffic capacityof to a local area network and the network usage by each station increase, the required transmission rate was performed mostly at IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, CA. Y. Birk is with the Department of Electrical

306

Soil and Crop Response to Power Line Construction Traffic and Shallow and Deep Tillage in New York State  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large percentage of New York State is agricultural land. In many instances, electric transmission lines must be constructed on or across agricultural lands to provide electric service. This study was commissioned by member utilities of the Empire State Electric Energy Research Corporation (ESEERCO) to determine the effect of electric transmission construction traffic on agricultural lands and crops.

1999-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

307

ARM - Measurement - Surface condition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

condition condition ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Surface condition State of the surface, including vegetation, land use, surface type, roughness, and such; often provided in model output. Categories Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments NAV : Navigational Location and Attitude SURFLOG : SGP Surface Conditions Observations by Site Technicians S-TABLE : Stabilized Platform MET : Surface Meteorological Instrumentation

308

Anemometry in Icing Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accuracy of wind measurements in icing conditions is discussed, and wind tunnel calibrations as well as field comparisons are presented for three heated anemometers that use different measuring principles. It is pointed out that ice-free ...

Lasse Makkonen; Pertti Lehtonen; Lauri Helle

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Terms and Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Terms and Conditions Terms and Conditions R&D Overview 100G Testbed Testbed Description Testbed Results Current Testbed Research Proposal Process Terms and Conditions Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) Performance (perfSONAR) Tools Development Green Networking Authentication & Trust Federation (ATF) Partnerships Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Terms and Conditions Researchers must provide ESnet copies of any articles, presentations, and publications based on testbed research for posting on the ESnet Testbed web site. All publications based on work conducted on the testbed must include the following statement:

310

Exponential Conditional Volatility Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- relation function (ACF) is less straightforward than it is for a GARCHmodel, analytic expressions can be obtained and these expressions are more general. Speci?cally, formulae for the ACF of the (absolute values of ) the observations raised to any power can... proposes an exponential link function for the conditional mean in gamma and Weibull distributions. As well as setting out the conditions for the asymptotic theory to be valid, expressions for moments, ACFs and multi-step forecasts are derived. Leverage...

Harvey, Andrew

2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

311

DOE-STD-1155-2002; Transportation and Traffic Management Functional Area Qualification  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE-STD-1155-2002 September 2002 DOE STANDARD TRANSPORTATION AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONAL AREA QUALIFICATION STANDARD DOE Defense Nuclear Facilities Technical Personnel U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-STD-1155-2002 This document has been reproduced from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000. DOE-STD-1155-2002 i APPROVAL

312

Martingale proofs of many-server heavy-traffic limits for Markovian queues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is an expository review paper illustrating the ``martingale method'' for proving many-server heavy-traffic stochastic-process limits for queueing models, supporting diffusion-process approximations. Careful treatment is given to an elementary model -- the classical infinite-server model $M/M/\\infty$, but models with finitely many servers and customer abandonment are also treated. The Markovian stochastic process representing the number of customers in the system is constructed in terms of rate-1 Poisson processes in two ways: (i) through random time changes and (ii) through random thinnings. Associated martingale representations are obtained for these constructions by applying, respectively: (i) optional stopping theorems where the random time changes are the stopping times and (ii) the integration theorem associated with random thinning of a counting process. Convergence to the diffusion process limit for the appropriate sequence of scaled queueing processes is obtained by applying the continuous mappin...

Pang, Guodong; Whitt, Ward

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Assessment of durability performance of "Early-Opening-to-Traffic" Portland Cement Concrete pavement and patches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study relates the assessment of durability to ''early-opening-to-traffic'' (EOT) portland cement concrete (PCC). Several factors were identified relative to the performance of EOT PCC. Each of these factors was considered in terms of freeze-thaw, shrinkage, chemical attack, abrasion resistance, fatigue life, volumetric expansion, practicality, and concrete costs. The assessment discusses material combinations, mixture designs, and construction practices on performance. A computer program using utility decision theory was applied in evaluating the parameters. Promising combinations of the above factors were determined based on the existing knowledge of material combinations used for EOT PCC, coupled with our understanding of the potentials of high performance concrete (HPC) for this type of application.

Shrestha, Pradhumna Babu

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

CAGE100: Real-Time Multi-Port Packet Capture System for 100 Gigabit Ethernet Traffic  

SciTech Connect

Future large scale sciences are anticipated to use massive amount of data in their experiments. DOE�¢����s ESnet (Energy Science Network) is developing a 100 Gbps backbone based on this state-of-the-art 100 Gigabit Ethernet standard. ESnet will serve thousands of DOE and non-DOE scientists with its high bandwidth backbone, and connect several national laboratories. Current Ethernet test and debug solutions, such as network traffic capturer/analyzer tools, support up to 10 Gbps speed, and the very few capable of handling 100 Gbps are extremely costly. Such tools are essential in the development of high speed devices and routers, and ultimately the success of 100 Gigabit Ethernet.

Shahin Farrokhnia; Ali Namazi; Babak Azimi-Sadjadi; Chujen Lin

2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

315

Transport growth in Bangkok: Energy, environment, and traffic congestion. Workshop proceedings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, is a physically and economically complexcity with a complicated transport system. With daily traffic congestion averaging 16 hours, the air quality is such that to breathe street level pollution for 8 eight hours is roughly equivalent to smoking nine cigarettes per day. Estimates suggest idling traffic costs up to $1.6 billion annually. Energy use within the transport sector is on a steady rise with an estimated increase in 11 years of two and one half times. Severe health impacts have begun to effect many residents - young children and the elderly being particularly vulnerable. Bangkok`s air quality and congestion problems are far from hopeless. Great potential exists for Bangkok to remedy its transport-related problems. The city has many necessary characteristics that allow an efficient, economical system of transport. For example, its high density level makes the city a prime candidate for an efficient system of mass transit and the multitude and close proximity of shops, street vendors, restaurants, and residential areas is highly conducive to walking and cycling. Technical knowledge and capacity to devise and implement innovative policies and projects to address air quality and congestion problems is plentiful. There is also consensus among Bangkokians that something needs to be done immediately to clear the air and the roads. However, little has been done. This report proposes a new approach to transport planning for Bangkok that integrates consideration of ecological, social, and financial viability in the process of making decisions regarding managing existing infrastructure and investments in new infrastructure. Selected papers have been indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

Philpott, J. [Asia Regional Office, Bangkok (Thailand)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

ECWEBTermsandConditions.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

US DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY US DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ELECTRONIC COMMERCE PROCEDURES, TERMS AND CONDITIONS Version 1.0 May 1, 1998 PROCEDURES What follows prescribes the general procedures and policies to be followed when Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is used for transmitting requests for quote, quotations, purchase orders, or other business information in lieu of creating one or more paper documents normally associated with conducting business with the Government. See the Terms and Conditions section below for a list of the standard FAR (Federal Acquisition Regulation) and DEAR (Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation) clauses and provisions mandated to be included in Government contracting actions. The Terms and Conditions together with any clauses specified in the specific contract transaction,

317

Mineralogy under extreme conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have performed measurements of minerals based on the synchrotron source for single crystal and powder X-ray diffraction, inelastic scattering, spectroscopy and radiography by using diamond anvil cells. We investigated the properties of iron (Fe), iron-magnesium oxides (Fe, Mg)O, silica(SiO{sub 2}), iron-magnesium silicates (Fe, Mg)SiO{sub 3} under simulated high pressure-high temperature extreme conditions of the Earth's crust, upper mantle, low mantle, core-mantle boundary, outer core, and inner core. The results provide a new window on the investigation of the mineral properties at Earth's conditions.

Shu, Jinfu (CIW)

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

318

Sampling Conditioned Hypoelliptic Diffusions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A series of recent articles introduced a method to construct stochastic partial differential equations (SPDEs) which are invariant with respect to the distribution of a given conditioned diffusion. These works are restricted to the case of elliptic diffusions where the drift has a gradient structure, and the resulting SPDE is of second order parabolic type. The present article extends this methodology to allow the construction of SPDEs which are invariant with respect to the distribution of a class of hypoelliptic diffusion processes, subject to a bridge conditioning. This allows the treatment of more realistic physical models, for example one can use the resulting SPDE to study transitions between meta-stable states in mechanical systems with friction and noise. In this situation the restriction of the drift being a gradient can also be lifted.

Hairer, Martin; Voss, Jochen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Boiler Condition Assessment Guideline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report Boiler Condition Assessment Guideline provides a concise overview of procedures developed by the Electric Power Research Institute EPRI to help power plant operators cost-effectively determine the extent of degradation and remaining life of key boiler components. The Guideline draws from EPRIs detailed area-specific guidelines, which in turn are based on extensive research findings by EPRI, member companies, and other organizations. This Guideline offers a starting point for power plant perso...

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

320

Conditional SIC-POVMs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we examine a generalization of the symmetric informationally complete POVMs. SIC-POVMs are the optimal measurements for full quantum tomography, but if some parameters of the density matrix are known, then the optimal SIC POVM should be orthogonal to a subspace. This gives the concept of the conditional SIC-POVM. The existence is not known in general, but we give a result in the special cases when the diagonal is known of the density matrix.

D. Petz; L. Ruppert; A. Szanto

2012-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Conditional SIC-POVMs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we examine a generalization of the symmetric informationally complete POVMs. SIC-POVMs are the optimal measurements for full quantum tomography, but if some parameters of the density matrix are known, then the optimal SIC POVM should be orthogonal to a subspace. This gives the concept of the conditional SIC-POVM. The existence is not known in general, but we give a result in the special cases when the diagonal is known of the density matrix.

Petz, D; Szanto, A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

High voltage pulse conditioning  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for conditioning high voltage pulses from particle accelerators in order to shorten the rise times of the pulses. Flashover switches in the cathode stalk of the transmission line hold off conduction for a determinable period of time, reflecting the early portion of the pulses. Diodes upstream of the switches divert energy into the magnetic and electrostatic storage of the capacitance and inductance inherent to the transmission line until the switches close.

Stringfield, R.M.; Wheat, R.M. Jr.

1989-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

323

High voltage pulse conditioning  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for conditioning high voltage pulses from particle accelerators in order to shorten the rise times of the pulses. Flashover switches in the cathode stalk of the transmission line hold off conduction for a determinable period of time, reflecting the early portion of the pulses. Diodes upstream of the switches divert energy into the magnetic and electrostatic storage of the capacitance and inductance inherent to the transmission line until the switches close.

Springfield, Ray M. (Sante Fe, NM); Wheat, Jr., Robert M. (Los Alamos, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Solar air conditioning  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Development of a hybrid solar-assisted air conditioning system that combines a vapor compression section for sensible cooling with a desiccant section for dehumidification and that uses both solar energy and condenser waste heat to drive the dehumidifier has been under way for the last two years (1981 and 1982). The results of this research are included in this report: utilizing solar energy in an economical way has proven quite difficult.

Robison, H.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Fuel gas conditioning process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for conditioning natural gas containing C.sub.3+ hydrocarbons and/or acid gas, so that it can be used as combustion fuel to run gas-powered equipment, including compressors, in the gas field or the gas processing plant. Compared with prior art processes, the invention creates lesser quantities of low-pressure gas per unit volume of fuel gas produced. Optionally, the process can also produce an NGL product.

Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Union City, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Traffic of single-headed motor proteins KIF1A: effects of lane changing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

KIF1A kinesins are single-headed motor proteins which move on cylindrical nano-tubes called microtubules (MT). A normal MT consists of 13 protofilaments on which the equispaced motor binding sites form a periodic array. The collective movement of the kinesins on a MT is, therefore, analogous to vehicular traffic on multi-lane highways where each protofilament is the analogue of a single lane. Does lane-changing increase or decrease the motor flux per lane? We address this fundamental question here by appropriately extending a recent model [{\\it Phys. Rev. E {\\bf 75}, 041905 (2007)}]. By carrying out analytical calculations and computer simulations of this extended model, we predict that the flux per lane can increase or decrease with the increasing rate of lane changing, depending on the concentrations of motors and the rate of hydrolysis of ATP, the ``fuel'' molecules. Our predictions can be tested, in principle, by carrying out {\\it in-vitro} experiments with fluorescently labelled KIF1A molecules.

Debashish Chowdhury; Ashok Garai; Jian-Sheng Wang

2007-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

327

Developing A Safety Culture In A Research And Development Environment: Air Traffic Management Domain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measuring safety climate has been undertaken in many industries (e.g. oil, nuclear, aviation) over the past twenty years, as a proactive method of collecting safety information about the current level of safety in the organisation. However, there has been little work undertaken to develop the safety culture of the designers of these technological systems, to ensure that their designs are endeavouring to reach the highest levels of safety. A tool was developed to measure the current level of safety culture of designers in an air traffic navigation R&D organisation and contains 21 sub-sections under the following four main headings: i) Management Demonstration of Safety; ii) Planning and Organising for Safety; iii) Communication, Trust & Responsibility for Safety and iv) Measuring, Auditing and Reviewing. The findings indicated that the main areas for improvement are: i) the safety management system; ii) team integration; iii) responsibility for safety. Based on the survey findings some changes were undertaken in an attempt to improve the safety culture at the centre and a repeat survey is planned for April, 2005 to assess any improvements. This paper will describe the survey method and findings, the safety improvement plan, preliminary findings from the follow-up survey and lessons learnt during the change process. 1.

Rachael Gordon; Barry Kirwan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

A GIS-based Bayesian approach for analyzing spatial-temporal patterns of traffic crashes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a GIS-based Bayesian approach for area-wide traffic crash analysis. Five years of crash data from Houston, Texas, are analyzed using a geographic information system (GIS), and spatial-temporal patterns of relative crash risk are identified based on a hierarchical Bayesian approach. This Bayesian approach is used to filter the uncertainty in the data and identify and rank roadway segments with potentially high relative risks for crashes. The results provide a sound basis to take preventive actions to reduce the risks in these segments. To capture the real safety indications better, this thesis differentiates the risks in different directions of the roadways, disaggregates different road types, and utilizes GIS to analyze and visualize the spatial relative crash risks in 3-D views according to different temporal scales. Results demonstrate that the approach is effective in spatially smoothing the relative crash risks, eliminating the instability of estimates while maintaining real safety trends. The posterior risk maps show high-risk roadway segments in 3-D views, which is more reader friendly than the conventional 2-D views. The results are also useful for travelers to choose relatively safer routes.

Li, Linhua

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Analytical Models for Energy Consumption in Infrastructure WLAN STAs Carrying TCP Traffic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop analytical models for estimating the energy spent by stations (STAs) in infrastructure WLANs when performing TCP controlled file downloads. We focus on the energy spent in radio communication when the STAs are in the Continuously Active Mode (CAM), or in the static Power Save Mode (PSM). Our approach is to develop accurate models for obtaining the fraction of times the STA radios spend in idling, receiving and transmitting. We discuss two traffic models for each mode of operation: (i) each STA performs one large file download, and (ii) the STAs perform short file transfers. We evaluate the rate of STA energy expenditure with long file downloads, and show that static PSM is worse than just using CAM. For short file downloads we compute the number of file downloads that can be completed with given battery capacity, and show that PSM performs better than CAM for this case. We provide a validation of our analytical models using the NS-2 simulator. In contrast to earlier work on analytical modeling of P...

Agrawal, Pranav; Kuri, Joy; Panda, Manoj; Navda, Vishnu; Ramjee, Ramachandran

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Identifying 802.11 traffic from passive measurements using iterative Bayesian inference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—In this paper, we propose a classification scheme that differentiates Ethernet and WLAN TCP flows based on measurements collected passively at the edge of a network. This scheme computes two quantities, the fraction of wireless TCP flows and the degree of belief that a TCP flow traverses a WLAN inside the network, using an iterative Bayesian inference algorithm that we developed. We prove that this iterative Bayesian inference algorithm converges to the unique maximum likelihood estimate (MLE) of these two quantities. Furthermore, it has the advantage that it can handle any general-classification problem given the marginal distributions of these classes. Numerical and experimental evaluations demonstrate that our classification scheme obtains accurate results. We apply this scheme to two sets of traces collected from two campus networks: one set collected from UMass in mid 2005 and the other collected from UConn in late 2010. Our technique infers that 4%–7 % and 52%–55 % of incoming TCP flows traverse an IEEE 802.11 wireless link in these two networks, respectively. Index Terms—IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN, iterative Bayesian inference, TCP ACK-pairs, wireless traffic detection.

Wei Wei; Sharad Jaiswal; Jim Kurose; Don Towsley; Kyoungwon Suh; Bing Wang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

The Modified Allan Variance as Time-Domain Analysis Tool for Estimating the Hurst Parameter of Long-Range Dependent Traffic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract ? Experimental measurements show that Internet traffic exhibits self-similarity and long-range dependence (LRD). A delicate issue is the estimation of traffic statistical quantities that characterize self-similarity and LRD, such as the Hurst parameter H. In this paper, we propose to use the Modified Allan Variance (MAVAR), a well-known time-domain tool originally studied for frequency stability characterization, for estimating the power-law spectrum and thus the H parameter of LRD traffic time series. This novel method is validated by comparison to one of the most widely adopted algorithms for analyzing LRD traffic: the log-scale diagram technique based on wavelet analysis. Both methods are applied to pseudo-random data series, generated with known values of H. MAVAR exhibits outstanding accuracy in estimating H, better than the classical log-scale method. Finally, both techniques are applied to a real IP traffic trace, providing a further example of the capabilities of MAVAR. Index Terms ? Fractals, fractional noise, Internet, long-range dependence, self-similarity, traffic control (communication). Work partialy supported by Ministero dell’Istruzione, dell’Università e della Ricerca (MIUR), Italy, under FIRB project TANGO. I.

Stefano Bregni; Senior Member; Luca Primerano

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Attachment K TERMS AND CONDITIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Attachment K TERMS AND CONDITIONS AWARD # #12;TERMS AND CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION PAGE ............................................................................... 24 i #12;TERMS AND CONDITIONS 1. Grant Agreement This project is being funded with a grant from, the Terms and Conditions, and all attachments. These Terms and Conditions are standard requirements

333

Conditional sterility in plants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present disclosure provides methods, recombinant DNA molecules, recombinant host cells containing the DNA molecules, and transgenic plant cells, plant tissue and plants which contain and express at least one antisense or interference RNA specific for a thiamine biosynthetic coding sequence or a thiamine binding protein or a thiamine-degrading protein, wherein the RNA or thiamine binding protein is expressed under the regulatory control of a transcription regulatory sequence which directs expression in male and/or female reproductive tissue. These transgenic plants are conditionally sterile; i.e., they are fertile only in the presence of exogenous thiamine. Such plants are especially appropriate for use in the seed industry or in the environment, for example, for use in revegetation of contaminated soils or phytoremediation, especially when those transgenic plants also contain and express one or more chimeric genes which confer resistance to contaminants.

Meagher, Richard B. (Athens, GA); McKinney, Elizabeth (Athens, GA); Kim, Tehryung (Taejeon, KR)

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

334

Battery condition indicator  

SciTech Connect

A battery condition indicator is described for indicating both the charge used and the life remaining in a rechargeable battery comprising: rate multiplying and counting means for indirectly measuring the charge useed by the battery between charges; means for supplying variable rate clock pulse to the rate multiplying and counting means, the rate of the clock pulses being a function of whether a high current consumption load is connected to the battery or not; timing means for measuring the total time in service of the battery; charge used display means responsive to the rate multiplying and counting means for providing an indication of the charge remaining in the battery; and age display means responsive to the timing means for providing an indication of the life or age of the battery.

Fernandez, E.A.

1987-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

335

Attachment J TERMS AND CONDITIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Attachment J TERMS AND CONDITIONS AWARD # PON-10-603 #12;TERMS AND CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................... 24 i #12;TERMS AND CONDITIONS 1. Grant Agreement This project is being funded with a grant from is comprised of the grant funding award, the Terms and Conditions, and all attachments. These Terms

336

Fuel conditioning process  

SciTech Connect

A fuel conditioning process and apparatus for use where natural gas is compressed by a field compressor driven by a natural gas powered engine. The fuel portion of the compressed raw natural gas is passed through an adsorption vessel containing an adsorbent material capable of adsorbing impurities. The outlet gas from the adsorption vessel is accumulated and mixed for averaging and controlling the heating value of the outlet gas used for fuel. Regeneration of the adsorption material, when employing multiple adsorption vessels, is accomplished by connecting one adsorption vessel to the suction side of the compressor, purified gas from another adsorption vessel in adsorption service is backflowed through the loaded adsorption vessel to desorb the previously adsorbed impurities, the flow of the compressed raw natural gas to the other adsorption vessel is terminated and the pressure within the two adsorption vessels is equalized. The regenerated adsorption vessel is then repressured with the compressed raw natural gas prior to returning it to the adsorption mode.

McGill, J. C.; Alley, J. R.; Coombs, D. W.

1985-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

337

Review Article: A comprehensive review of the application characteristics and traffic requirements of a smart grid communications network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A robust communication infrastructure is the touchstone of a smart grid that differentiates it from the conventional electrical grid by transforming it into an intelligent and adaptive energy delivery network. To cope with the rising penetration of renewable ... Keywords: AMI, AMR, ANSI, Applications, Communication architecture, Communication technologies, DAP, DER, DR, ESI, EV, FAN, GOOSE, HAN, HV, IEC, IED, IEEE, IP, M2M, MDMS, MU, NAN, P&C, PMU, QoS, SMV, SOC, Smart grid, Traffic requirements, WAMS, WLAN, WMN, WiMAX

Reduan H. Khan; Jamil Y. Khan

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Racing for conditional independence inference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article, we consider the computational aspects of deciding whether a conditional independence statement t is implied by a list of conditional independence statements L using the implication related to the method of structural imsets. ...

Remco R. Bouckaert; Milan Studený

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Energy conditions and their implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy conditions and their implications Matt Visser Physics Department Washington University Saint;#16;s (Los Alamos) Midwest Relativity 9 November 1999. #12; Abstract: The energy conditions of general- itational #12;elds and cosmological geometries. However, the energy conditions are beginning to look a lot

Visser, Matt

340

Sommerfeld radiation condition at threshold  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove Besov space bounds of the resolvent at low energies in any dimension for a class of potentials that are negative and obey a virial condition with these conditions imposed at infinity only. We do not require spherical symmetry. The class of potentials includes in dimension $\\geq3$ the attractive Coulomb potential. There are two boundary values of the resolvent at zero energy which we characterize by radiation conditions. These radiation conditions are zero energy versions of the well-known Sommerfeld radiation condition.

Erik Skibsted

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Importance of Design Conditions for Sizing Air-Conditioning Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design conditions based on the meteorological data collected at two weather stations located less than 10 km away from each other within Kuwait City are presented for dry-bulb temperature (DBT) and web-bulb temperature (WBT) prioritization. The proposed design conditions specific to the location and the application are drastically different than currently used single design conditions for all application and locations. Cooling load estimates fro two building located in Kuwait have been analyzed for the proposed and the current design conditions to highlight over- or under-sizing the air-conditioning (A/C) plant capacity. Finally, a number of recommendations are made for architects and designers to use proper design conditions to ensure year-round comfort and energy conservation.

Shaban, N.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Suri, R. K.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

SFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 16 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

343

LFS Exhibit B Special Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

B (Rev. 9, 12/13/12) Exhibit B Special Conditions B (Rev. 9, 12/13/12) Exhibit B Special Conditions Dated 5-20-13 Subcontract No. 241314 Page 1 of 11 EXHIBIT "B" SPECIAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS SC Title Page SC-2 AUTHORITY OF PERSONNEL (Apr 2012) ............................................................................... 2 SC-3A COMMENCEMENT, PROGRESS AND COMPLETION OF THE WORK (Jun 2009 - Deviation) ................................................................................................................................... 3 SC-10B INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS (Jan 2010) ............................................................................. 3 SC-11B INVOICING AND PAYMENT (Mar 2012) .................................................................................. 5

344

CPFFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 20 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

345

EFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 26 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2 AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Apr 2013) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

346

EFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 39 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2 AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Apr 2013) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

347

AES Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 18 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

348

Energy Conditions in Jordan Frame  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The null energy condition, in its usual form, can appear to be violated by transformations in the conformal frame of the metric. We propose a generalization of the form of the null energy condition to Jordan frame, in which matter is non-minimally coupled, which reduces to the familiar form in Einstein frame. Using our version of the null energy condition, we provide a direct proof of the second law of black hole thermodynamics in Jordan frame.

Saugata Chatterjee; Damien A. Easson; Maulik Parikh

2012-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

349

SFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 29 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

350

Optimization of Air Conditioning Cycling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Systems based on the vapor compression cycle are the most widely used in a variety of air conditioning applications. Despite the vast growth of modern… (more)

Seshadri, Swarooph

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

FPC conditioning cart at BNL  

SciTech Connect

The 703 MHz superconducting gun for the BNL Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) prototype has two fundamental power couplers (FPCs), and each of them will deliver up to 500 kW of CW RF power. In order to prepare the couplers for high power RF service and process multipacting, the FPCs should be conditioned prior to installation into the gun cryomodule. A conditioning cart based test stand, which includes a vacuum pumping system, controllable bake-out system, diagnostics, interlocks and data log system has been designed, constructed and commissioned by collaboration of BNL and AES. This paper presents FPC conditioning cart systems and the conditioning process.

Xu, W.; Ben-Zvi, I.; Altinbas, F.Z.; Belomestnykh, S.; Burrill, A.; Cole, M.; Deonarine, J.; Jamilkowski, J.; Kayran, D.; Laloudakis, N.; Masi Jr, L.; McIntyre, G.; Pate, D.; Philips, D.; Seda, T.; Steszyn, A.; Tallerico, T.; Todd, R.; Weiss, D.; White, G.; Zaltsman, A.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

352

Uncontrolled Modulation Imaging Yoav Y. Schechner Shree K. Nayar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Pattern Recognition (CVPR'04) 1063-6919/04 $20.00 © 2004 IEEE #12;LED Figure 5. Raw sample images from of the fluorescent bulb [right]. ization is based on a filter wheel, over which discrete filters are mounted, oscillatory, and symmetric with respect to . As indicated in Fig. 5, we placed a few LEDs of differ- ent

Nayar, Shree K.

353

ATTACHMENT E TERMS AND CONDITIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ATTACHMENT E TERMS AND CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION PAGE NO. 1. Vehicle Buy-Down Incentive Program Agreement................................................ 1 2. Term of the Agreement..................................................................................................... 14 #12;TERMS AND CONDITIONS 1. Vehicle Buy-Down Incentive Program Agreement The Vehicle Buy

354

Achronal averaged null energy condition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The averaged null energy condition (ANEC) requires that the integral over a complete null geodesic of the stress-energy tensor projected onto the geodesic tangent vector is never negative. This condition is sufficient to prove many important theorems in general relativity, but it is violated by quantum fields in curved spacetime. However there is a weaker condition, which is free of known violations, requiring only that there is no self-consistent spacetime in semiclassical gravity in which ANEC is violated on a complete, achronal null geodesic. We indicate why such a condition might be expected to hold and show that it is sufficient to rule out closed timelike curves and wormholes connecting different asymptotically flat regions.

Graham, Noah; Olum, Ken D. [Department of Physics, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont 05753 (United States) and Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science, and Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Institute of Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155 (United States)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

Achronal averaged null energy condition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The averaged null energy condition (ANEC) requires that the integral over a complete null geodesic of the stress-energy tensor projected onto the geodesic tangent vector is never negative. This condition is sufficient to prove many important theorems in general relativity, but it is violated by quantum fields in curved spacetime. However there is a weaker condition, which is free of known violations, requiring only that there is no self-consistent space-time in semiclassical gravity in which ANEC is violated on a complete, {\\em achronal} null geodesic. We indicate why such a condition might be expected to hold and show that it is sufficient to rule out wormholes and closed timelike curves.

Noah Graham; Ken D. Olum

2007-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

356

Flux Measurement with Conditional Sampling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is proposed to measure scalar fluxes using conditional sampling. Only the mean concentrations of updraft and downdraft samples, the standard deviation of the vertical velocity, and a coefficient of proportionality, b, need to be known. ...

Joost A. Businger; Steven P. Oncley

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Conditions for learning from animations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Animated diagrams representing dynamic systems hold great potential for improving the way people learn. However, so far the literature failed to find clear benefits of animated diagrams. Consequently it is worthwhile to investigate conditions under which ...

Herre Van Oostendorp; Michiel J. Beijersbergen; Sam Solaimani

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

When Does Aid Conditionality Work?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GR. Aid conditionality: does foreign aid support autocrats,New York: Routledge; 1998. Knack S. Does foreign aid promotePress; 2000. Remmer KL. Does foreign aid promote the

Montinola, Gabriella R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Condition Monitoring of Wind Turbines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on industry experience, after four years of operation, failures of wind turbine gearboxes, generators, and other major components become common, and each failure typically requires major repairs and/or component replacement. Wind project owners and operators who apply lube oil monitoring, vibration-signature analysis, and other condition monitoring technology can expect to detect subtle changes in machine condition that often lead to major failures if left unrepaired. The estimated cost savings of ...

2006-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

360

Air pollution by road traffic-Problems and solutions in the European context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a vehicle demonstration programme the high compression lean burn technology showed good potential for further improving emissions and energy effiency of the average European car. At the US '83 emission control level a 10 per cent improvement in fuel consumption over the equivalent presentday vehicle was found under European city and highway driving conditions. An oxidation catalyst was found an essential and effective element of the setup. Special attention should be paid to the representation of actual driving patterns in Europe in relation to the type approval test procedures. Especially for control of NOx emissions the situation is very unsatisfactory. Suggestions for improvement are made.

Van Beckhoven, L.C.; Rijkeboer, R.C.; Van Sloten, P.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Air Conditioning | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Conditioning Conditioning Air Conditioning July 1, 2012 - 6:28pm Addthis Air conditioners cost U.S. homeowners more than $11 billion each year, and regular maintenance can keep your air conditioner running efficiently. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/JaniceRichard Air conditioners cost U.S. homeowners more than $11 billion each year, and regular maintenance can keep your air conditioner running efficiently. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/JaniceRichard How does it work? An air conditioner uses energy -- usually electricity -- to transfer heat from the interior of your home to the relatively warm outside environment. Two-thirds of all homes in the United States have air conditioners. Air conditioners use about 5% of all the electricity produced in the United States, at an annual cost of more than $11 billion to homeowners. As a

362

LFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Page 1 of 31 Page 1 of 31 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

363

Condition assessment of nonlinear processes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is presented a reliable technique for measuring condition change in nonlinear data such as brain waves. The nonlinear data is filtered and discretized into windowed data sets. The system dynamics within each data set is represented by a sequence of connected phase-space points, and for each data set a distribution function is derived. New metrics are introduced that evaluate the distance between distribution functions. The metrics are properly renormalized to provide robust and sensitive relative measures of condition change. As an example, these measures can be used on EEG data, to provide timely discrimination between normal, preseizure, seizure, and post-seizure states in epileptic patients. Apparatus utilizing hardware or software to perform the method and provide an indicative output is also disclosed.

Hively, Lee M. (Philadelphia, TN); Gailey, Paul C. (Athens, OH); Protopopescu, Vladimir A. (Knoxville, TN)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Computer controlled air conditioning systems  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an improvement in a computer controlled air conditioning system providing for circulation of air through an air conditioned house in contact with concrete walls requiring a humidity within a critical range. The improvement consists of: a computer for processing sensed environmental input data including humidity and oxygen to produce output control signals for affecting the humidity of the air in the house; provision for an air flow circulation path through the house in contact with the concrete walls; sensing responsive to the amount of oxygen in the house for providing input signals to the computer; mixing for combining with the air in the house a variable amount of fresh atmospheric air to supply fresh oxygen; and humidity modifying means for modifying the humidity of the air flowing in the flow path responsive to the control signals.

Dumbeck, R.F.

1986-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

365

Necessary conditions on entanglement catalysts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given a pure state transformation $\\psi\\mapsto\\phi$ restricted to entanglement-assisted local operations with classical communication, we determine a lower bound for the dimension of a catalyst allowing that transformation. Our bound is stated in terms of the generalised concurrence monotones (the usual concurrence of two qubits is one such monotone). We further provide tools for deriving further conditions upon catalysts of pure state transformations.

Sanders, Yuval

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Necessary conditions on entanglement catalysts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given a pure state transformation $\\psi\\mapsto\\phi$ restricted to entanglement-assisted local operations with classical communication, we determine a lower bound for the dimension of a catalyst allowing that transformation. Our bound is stated in terms of the generalised concurrence monotones (the usual concurrence of two qubits is one such monotone). We further provide tools for deriving further conditions upon catalysts of pure state transformations.

Yuval Sanders; Gilad Gour

2009-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

367

LFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dated 5-20-13 Dated 5-20-13 Subcontract No. 241314 Page 1 of 19 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012 - Deviation) ........................................................................................ 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 4 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

368

Condition-Based Maintenance Guideline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the 1980s, EPRI has published various documents relating to predictive or condition-based maintenance (CBM) programs. These documents have served as a foundation for predictive maintenance programs within our industry. Many of these published documents are now more than 10 years old. As a result, EPRI is reviewing these documents to compare them with current practices and programs. EPRIs initial goal is to revise and update the guidance and create a principal core document on predictive and conditi...

2011-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

369

Conditioned Unitary Transformation on biphotons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A conditioned unitary transformation ($90^o$ polarization rotation) is performed at single-photon level. The transformation is realized by rotating polarization for one of the photons of a polarization-entangled biphoton state (signal photon) by means of a Pockel's cell triggered by the detection of the other (idler) photon after polarization selection. As a result, polarization degree for the signal beam changes from zero to the value given by the idler detector quantum efficiency. This result is relevant to practical realization of various quantum information schemes and can be used for developing a new method of absolute quantum efficiency calibration.

G. Brida; M. Chekhova; M. Genovese; M. Gramegna; L. Krivitsky; S. Kulik

2003-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

370

Fixture conditions affect lamp performance  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the major parameters that affect fluorescent lamp performance under fixture conditions. These parameters include fixture type, and HVAC integration, which directly determine the minimum lamp wall temperature (MLWT), and therefore, the resulting light output of the lamp/ballast system. Experimental data is presented showing that the lumen output of the lamp/ballast system can vary by as much as 20% and that the system efficacy can vary by 10% depending upon the type of fixture and HVAC system employed. 4 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Siminovitch, M.J.; Rubinstein, F.M.; Verderber, R.R.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Air conditioning: Impact on the built environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The topics discussed in this book are: Introduction. 1. Air Conditioning - An Ever Expanding Market. 2. Building Envelope Design and Air Contitioning. 3. Air Conditioning and Energy - The CIBSE Building Energy Code. 4. Thermal Storage in Air Conditioning Systems. 5. Good Practice in the Design and Construction of Air Conditioning Systems. 6. Software for Air Conditioning Load Analysis and Design. 7. Lloyd's of London - The Architecture of Air Conditioning - Prediction of the Environment.

Sherratt, A.F.C.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Building Technologies Office: Simplified Space Conditioning Systems...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Simplified Space Conditioning Systems for Energy Efficient Homes Expert Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Simplified Space Conditioning Systems for...

373

Building Technologies Office: Simplified Space Conditioning Systems...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Simplified Space Conditioning Systems for Energy Efficient Homes Expert Meeting Building America hosted the "Simplified Space Conditioning Systems for Energy Efficient Homes"...

374

Converting Unconditioned Basement to Conditioned Space - Code...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conditioned Space - Code Notes Converting a basement to conditioned space increases the living space of a house. As with most construction activities, the conversion or...

375

EMSL: User Access: Terms and Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Terms and Conditions The following terms and conditions apply for using EMSL resources. Additional Information User Portal 2014 Call for Proposals 2014 Proposal Guidance 2014...

376

Conditions on Electric Power Generation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Analysis of the Effects of Drought An Analysis of the Effects of Drought Conditions on Electric Power Generation in the Western United States April 2009 DOE/NETL-2009/1365 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,

377

Hot conditioning equipment conceptual design report  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the conceptual design of the Hot Conditioning System Equipment. The Hot conditioning System will consist of two separate designs: the Hot Conditioning System Equipment; and the Hot Conditioning System Annex. The Hot Conditioning System Equipment Design includes the equipment such as ovens, vacuum pumps, inert gas delivery systems, etc.necessary to condition spent nuclear fuel currently in storage in the K Basins of the Hanford Site. The Hot Conditioning System Annex consists of the facility of house the Hot Conditioning System. The Hot Conditioning System will be housed in an annex to the Canister Storage Building. The Hot Conditioning System will consist of pits in the floor which contain ovens in which the spent nuclear will be conditioned prior to interim storage.

Bradshaw, F.W., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

378

Wind Turbine Drivetrain Condition Monitoring (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation details the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Condition Monitoring program at NREL.

Sheng, S.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Cosmological milestones and energy conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Until recently, the physically relevant singularities occurring in FRW cosmologies had traditionally been thought to be limited to the "big bang", and possibly a "big crunch". However, over the last few years, the zoo of cosmological singularities considered in the literature has become considerably more extensive, with "big rips" and "sudden singularities" added to the mix, as well as renewed interest in non-singular cosmological events such as "bounces" and "turnarounds". In this talk, we present an extensive catalogue of such cosmological milestones, both at the kinematical and dynamical level. First, using generalized power series, purely kinematical definitions of these cosmological events are provided in terms of the behaviour of the scale factor a(t). The notion of a "scale-factor singularity" is defined, and its relation to curvature singularities (polynomial and differential) is explored. Second, dynamical information is extracted by using the Friedmann equations (without assuming even the existence of any equation of state) to place constraints on whether or not the classical energy conditions are satisfied at the cosmological milestones. Since the classification is extremely general, and modulo certain technical assumptions complete, the corresponding results are to a high degree model-independent.

Celine Cattoen; Matt Visser

2006-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

380

Fuel conditioning facility material accountancy  

SciTech Connect

The operation of the Fuel conditioning Facility (FCF) is based on the electrometallurgical processing of spent metallic reactor fuel. It differs significantly, therefore, from traditional PUREX process facilities in both processing technology and safeguards implications. For example, the fissile material is processed in FCF only in batches and is transferred within the facility only as solid, well-characterized items; there are no liquid steams containing fissile material within the facility, nor entering or leaving the facility. The analysis of a single batch lends itself also to an analytical relationship between the safeguards criteria, such as alarm limit, detection probability, and maximum significant amount of fissile material, and the accounting system`s performance, as it is reflected in the variance associated with the estimate of the inventory difference. This relation, together with the sensitivity of the inventory difference to the uncertainties in the measurements, allows a thorough evaluation of the power of the accounting system. The system for the accountancy of the fissile material in the FCF has two main components: a system to gather and store information during the operation of the facility, and a system to interpret this information with regard to meeting safeguards criteria. These are described and the precision of the inventory closure over one batch evaluated.

Yacout, A.M.; Bucher, R.G.; Orechwa, Y.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Traffic Enforcement Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... units capable of monitoring vehicle speeds in ... capture images of speed-offending vehicles. ... with the enhancements manufacturers introduce into ...

2012-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

382

Demystifying Internet traffic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACF of Dataset S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PACFin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ACF for DatasetC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ACF for Dataset

Vishwanath, Kashi Venkatesh

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Wind Turbine Drivetrain Condition Monitoring - An Overview  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper provides an overview of wind turbine drivetrain condition monitoring based on presentations from a condition monitoring workshop organized by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in 2009 and on additional references.

Sheng, S; Veers, P.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Resonant Power Conditioning and Compact Pulse Power ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... (FEEDBACK) HV RECTIFIER AND FILTER NETWORK ... Los Alamos High Frequency “Polyphase Resonant Power Conditioning” ... 30 KW Loss ...

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

385

Components for Advanced Power Conditioning Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Advanced Materials for Power Electronics, Power Conditioning, and Power Conversion ... Potential Ceramic Dielectrics for Air Force Applications.

386

Space-Conditioning System Selection Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This handbook represents a single-source guide to the selection of space-conditioning equipment for commercial facilities. Written for the utility marketing representative, it provides information on these topics: heating, cooling, ventilation, and dehumidification requirements of commercial buildings; customer needs when selecting a space-conditioning system; and, the options among energy-efficient electric space-conditioning systems for commercial buildings.

1994-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

387

TERMS AND CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXHIBIT C TERMS AND CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION PAGE NO. 1. Grant Agreement .......................................................................... 19 i #12;EXHIBIT C TERMS AND CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS ii 21. Confidentiality..................................................................................................................... 33 #12;EXHIBT C TERMS AND CONDITIONS 1. Grant Agreement This project is being funded with a grant

388

Conditional copulas, association measures and their applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One way to model a dependence structure is through the copula function which is a mean to capture the dependence structure in the joint distribution of variables. Association measures such as Kendall's tau or Spearman's rho can be expressed as functionals ... Keywords: Asymptotic bias, Asymptotic variance, Conditional Kendall's tau, Conditional Spearman's rho, Conditional copula, Empirical estimation, Global and local bandwidths, Local dependencies, Smoothing

Irène Gijbels; Noël Veraverbeke; Marel Omelka

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Central Air Conditioning | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Central Air Conditioning Central Air Conditioning Central Air Conditioning May 30, 2012 - 8:01pm Addthis Central air conditioners circulate cool air through a system of supply and return ducts. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/DonNichols. Central air conditioners circulate cool air through a system of supply and return ducts. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/DonNichols. What does this mean for me? Central air conditioning systems are thermostatically controlled and convenient to use. Central air conditioning systems must be installed properly to operate efficiently. Central air conditioning systems can share ductwork with your heating system. Central air conditioners circulate cool air through a system of supply and return ducts. Supply ducts and registers (i.e., openings in the walls,

390

Energy conditions in f(R)-gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to shed some light on the current discussion about f(R)-gravity theories we derive and discuss the bounds imposed by the energy conditions on a general f(R) functional form. The null and strong energy conditions in this framework are derived from the Raychaudhuri's equation along with the requirement that gravity is attractive, whereas the weak and dominant energy conditions are stated from a comparison with the energy conditions that can be obtained in a direct approach via an effective energy-momentum tensor for f(R)-gravity. As a concrete application of the energy conditions to locally homogeneous and isotropic f(R)-cosmology, the recent estimated values of the deceleration and jerk parameters are used to examine the bounds from the weak energy condition on the parameters of two families of f(R)-gravity theories.

Santos, J; Rebouças, M J; Carvalho, F C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Energy conditions in f(R)-gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to shed some light on the current discussion about f(R)-gravity theories we derive and discuss the bounds imposed by the energy conditions on a general f(R) functional form. The null and strong energy conditions in this framework are derived from the Raychaudhuri's equation along with the requirement that gravity is attractive, whereas the weak and dominant energy conditions are stated from a comparison with the energy conditions that can be obtained in a direct approach via an effective energy-momentum tensor for f(R)-gravity. As a concrete application of the energy conditions to locally homogeneous and isotropic f(R)-cosmology, the recent estimated values of the deceleration and jerk parameters are used to examine the bounds from the weak energy condition on the parameters of two families of f(R)-gravity theories.

J. Santos; J. S. Alcaniz; M. J. Reboucas; F. C. Carvalho

2007-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

392

Methods of Conditioning Direct Methanol Fuel Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methods of Conditioning Direct Methanol Fuel Cells Methods of Conditioning Direct Methanol Fuel Cells Methods of Conditioning Direct Methanol Fuel Cells Methods for conditioning the membrane electrode assembly of a direct methanol fuel cell ("DMFC") are disclosed. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Methods of Conditioning Direct Methanol Fuel Cells Methods for conditioning the membrane electrode assembly of a direct methanol fuel cell ("DMFC") are disclosed. In a first method, an electrical current of polarity opposite to that used in a functioning direct methanol fuel cell is passed through the anode surface of the membrane electrode assembly. In a second method, methanol is supplied to an anode surface of the membrane electrode assembly, allowed to cross over the polymer

393

Definition: Equipment Condition Monitor | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Condition Monitor Condition Monitor Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Equipment Condition Monitor A monitoring device that automatically measures and communicates equipment characteristics that are related to the "health" and maintenance of the equipment. These characteristics can include, but are not limited to temperature, dissolved gas, and loading. These devices can automatically generate alarm signals if conditions exceed preset thresholds.[1] Related Terms sustainability References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/equipment_condition_monitor [[C LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ategory: Smart Grid Definitions|Template:BASEPAGENAME]] Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Equipment_Condition_Monitor&oldid=502601"

394

Distributed rate allocation for inelastic flows: Optimization frameworks, optimality conditions, and optimal algorithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—A common assumption behind the recent surge in research activities on network utility maximization is that the traffic flows are elastic, which implies that the utility functions are concave and there are no hard limits on the rate allocated to each flow. These critical assumptions lead to the tractability of the analytic models of utility maximization, but also limits the applicability of the resulting rate allocation protocols. This paper focuses on inelastic flows and removes these restrictive and often invalid assumptions. We present several optimization frameworks, optimality conditions, and optimal algorithms. First we consider nonconcave utility functions, which turn utility maximization into nonconvex, constrained optimization problems that are well-known to be extremely difficult. We first show a surprising result that under certain conditions, the standard pricing algorithm for rate allocation will still converge to the globally optimal rate allocation. When the existing distributed algorithm fails, we present a new algorithm that produces the globally optimal rate allocation, with the worst case complexity being polynomial time in the number of users but exponential time in the number of links. In the second part of the paper, we provide a general problem formulation of rate allocation among time-sensitive flows from real-time and streaming applications, as well as a decomposition into subproblems coordinated by pricing. After simplifying the subproblems by leveraging the optimization structures, we highlight the difficult issues of causality and time-scale, and propose an effective pricing-based heuristics for admission control and an optimal algorithm for a special case formulation.

Mung Chiang; Shengyu Zhang; Prashanth H

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Time and Materials Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 20 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

396

Generalized integrability conditions and target space geometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In some higher dimensional nonlinear field theories integrable subsectors with infinitely many conservation laws have been identified by imposing additional integrability conditions. Originally, the complex eikonal equation was chosen as integrability condition, but recently further generalizations have been proposed. Here we show how these new integrability conditions may be derived from the geometry of the target space and, more precisely, from the Noether currents related to a certain class of target space transformations.

C. Adam; J. Sanchez-Guillen

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Terms and Conditions for Site Transition | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Terms and Conditions for Site Transition Terms and Conditions for Site Transition Terms and Conditions for Site Transition Terms and Conditions for Site Transition More Documents &...

398

167 Normalizing Condition-Microstructures-Mechanical Properties ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... gas household usage, of which consumption is constantly expanding especially in ... 019 Effect of Cooling Conditions on the Glass Forming Ability of the TeO2 ...

399

Rings with the Beachy-Blair condition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A ring satisfies the left Beachy-Blair condition if each of its faithful left ideal is cofaithful. Every left zip ring satisfies the left Beachy-Blair condition, but both properties are not equivalent. In this paper we will study the similarities and the differences between zip rings and rings with the Beachy-Blair condition. We will also study the relationship between the Beachy-Blair condition of a ring and its skew polynomial and skew power series extensions. We give an example of a right zip ring that is not left zip, proving that the zip property is not symmetric.

Rodríguez-Jorge, Elena

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

QUADRATIC ORDER CONDITIONS FOR BANG-SINGULAR ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

First, we obtain second order necessary optimality conditions. Secondly, we get a ... enters linearly, is that the corresponding second variation does not contain.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Range conditions for a spherical mean transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper is devoted to the range description of the Radon type transform that averages a function over all spheres centered on a given sphere. Such transforms arise naturally in thermoacoustic tomography, a novel method of medical imaging. Range descriptions have recently been obtained for such transforms, and consisted of smoothness and support conditions, moment conditions, and some additional orthogonality conditions of spectral nature. It has been noticed that in odd dimensions, surprisingly, the moment conditions are superfluous and can be eliminated. It is shown in this text that in fact the same happens in any dimension.

Mark Agranovsky; David Finch; Peter Kuchment

2009-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

402

User terms & conditions v1.2-27 April 2004.doc USER TERMS AND CONDITIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

User terms & conditions v1.2- 27 April 2004.doc 1 USER TERMS AND CONDITIONS The following Terms and Conditions will apply to Your use of the Website and the Service:- 1. Definitions In these Terms the detailed information and conditions relating to a Lot, including the relevant online purchase terms

403

Energy conditions outside a dielectric ball  

SciTech Connect

We show analytically that the vacuum electromagnetic stress-energy tensor outside a ball with constant dielectric constant and permeability always obeys the weak, null, dominant, and strong energy conditions. There are still no known examples in quantum field theory in which the averaged null energy condition in flat spacetime is violated.

Graham, Noah; Olum, Ken D.; Schwartz-Perlov, Delia [Department of Physics, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont 05753 (United States); Institute of Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155 (United States)

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

404

Energy conditions outside a dielectric ball  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show analytically that the vacuum electromagnetic stress-energy tensor outside a ball with constant dielectric constant and permeability always obeys the weak, null, dominant, and strong energy conditions. There are still no known examples in quantum field theory in which the averaged null energy condition in flat spacetime is violated.

Noah Graham; Ken D. Olum; Delia Schwartz-Perlov

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Imperfect Bose Gas with Attractive Boundary Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The free Bose gas with attractive boundary conditions is an interesting toy model for the study of Bose-Einstein Condensation (BEC), because one has BEC already in one dimension. Here we study for the first time the imperfect Bose gas with these boundary conditions and prove rigorously the occurence of condensation.

Lieselot Vandevenne; Andre Verbeure

2005-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

406

Algebraic Rainich conditions for the tensor V  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Algebraic conditions on the Ricci tensor in the Rainich-Misner-Wheeler unified field theory are known as the Rainich conditions. Penrose and more recently Bergqvist and Lankinen made an analogy from the Ricci tensor to the Bel-Robinson tensor $B_{\\alpha\\beta\\mu\

Lau Loi So

2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

407

Elementary optimality conditions for nonlinear SDPs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 6, 2010 ... Below, we will work with Lagrange multipliers being symmetric as well, thus .... The last two lines of (15) coincide with Slater's condition for (3). The modified ..... order conditions makes it difficult to live up to this goal. We have ...

408

Theories of bundles with additional homotopy conditions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present paper we study bundles equipped with extra homotopy conditions, in particular so-called simplicial $n$-bundles. It is shown that (under some condition) the classifying space of 1-bundles is the double coset space of some finite dimensional Lie group. We also establish some relation between our bundles and C*-algebras.

A. V. Ershov

409

Speech recognition using augmented conditional random fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acoustic modeling based on hidden Markov models (HMMs) is employed by state-of-the-art stochastic speech recognition systems. Although HMMs are a natural choice to warp the time axis and model the temporal phenomena in the speech signal, their conditional ... Keywords: augmented conditional random fields (ACRFs), augmented spaces, discriminative compression, hidden Markov models (HMMs)

Yasser Hifny; Steve Renals

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

SIMPLIFIED SHOCK CONDITIONS FOR LARGESTRAIN THERMOVISCOPLASTICITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SIMPLIFIED SHOCK CONDITIONS FOR LARGE­STRAIN THERMO­VISCO­PLASTICITY Bradley J. Plohr #3; and Jee Abstract. We consider shock loading of a thermo­visco­plastic material; the strain is not restricted to that used in fluid dynamics. Just as for fluids, the shock conditions can be separated into purely

411

Complex Plasma Research Under Extreme Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex plasma research under extreme conditions is described. The extreme conditions include low-dimensionality for self-organized structures of dust particles, dust magnetization in high magnetic field, criticality in phase transition, and cryogenic environment for Coulomb crystals and dust dynamics.

Ishihara, Osamu [Faculty of Engineering, Yokohama National University 79-5 Tokiwadai, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama 240-8501 (Japan)

2008-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

412

Discriminative sentence compression with conditional random fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper focuses on a particular approach to automatic sentence compression which makes use of a discriminative sequence classifier known as Conditional Random Fields (CRF). We devise several features for CRF that allow it to incorporate information ... Keywords: Conditional random fields, Machine learning, Natural language syntax, RSS, Sentence compression, Sequence alignment

Tadashi Nomoto

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Finding Interesting Correlations with Conditional Heavy Hitters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finding Interesting Correlations with Conditional Heavy Hitters Katsiaryna Mirylenka, Themis Srivastava AT&T Labs, Florham Park, NJ, USA {graham, divesh}@research.att.com Abstract-- The notion of heavy of Conditional Heavy Hitters to identify such items, with applications in network monitoring, and Markov chain

Palpanas, Themis

414

Conditionally Exactly Solvable Potentials and Supersymmetric Transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A general procedure is presented to construct conditionally solvable (CES) potentials using the techniques of supersymmetric quantum mechanics.The method is illustrated with potentials related to the harmonic oscillator problem.Besides recovering known results,new CES potentials are also obtained within the framework of this general approach.The conditions under which this method leads to CES potentials are also discussed.

Geza Levai; Pinaki Roy

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Conditioned Attics Overview | Building Energy Codes Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conditioned Attics Overview Conditioned Attics Overview Adequate attic ventilation is a long-standing requirement in building codes. However, conditioned, unvented attics have the potential to reduce residential energy needs and are allowed by code under certain conditions. Such assemblies are sometimes called cathedralized attics because, as with cathedral ceilings, the insulation is in the rafters and/or roof deck. Publication Date: Wednesday, May 13, 2009 ta_conditioned_attics_overview.pdf Document Details Affiliation: DOE BECP Document Number: PNNL-SA-57260 Focus: Compliance Building Type: Residential Code Referenced: International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) Document type: Technical Articles Target Audience: Architect/Designer Builder Code Official Contractor Engineer Contacts Web Site Policies

416

Data Validation & Conditioning Kenneth Martin  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Validation & Conditioning Validation & Conditioning Kenneth Martin martin@electricpowergroup.com June 27-28, 2013 Washington, DC DOE/OE Transmission Reliability Program 2 The Problem  Phasors are well known to engineers ... but synchrophasors are not  Synchrophasor value dependencies - Precise timing source, algorithms, & hardware  Systems dependent on real-time communications - Delay (latency), bandwidth, errors, & dropouts  Need comparability with established systems (SCADA)  Wide area, high-speed - faster actions Need assurance measurements are correct and... Detect and fix data problems 3 Introduction  Data Validation and Conditioning Project - RFP issued in June 2012 - Awarded to EPG in December 2012 - Completion by October 2014

417

Microsoft Word - S08254_CellConditions  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Shiprock, New Mexico, Disposal Shiprock, New Mexico, Disposal Cell Internal Water Balance and Cell Conditions February 2012 LMS/SHP/S08254 This page intentionally left blank LMS/SHP/S08254 Shiprock, New Mexico, Disposal Cell Internal Water Balance and Cell Conditions February 2012 This page intentionally left blank U.S. Department of Energy Shiprock Disposal Cell Internal Water Balance and Cell Conditions February 2012 Doc. No.S08254 Page i Contents Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................. iii Executive Summary .........................................................................................................................v 1.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................1

418

Air-Conditioning Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Air-Conditioning Basics Air-Conditioning Basics Air-Conditioning Basics August 16, 2013 - 1:59pm Addthis Air conditioning is one of the most common ways to cool homes and buildings. How Air Conditioners Work Air conditioners employ the same operating principles and basic components as refrigerators. Refrigerators use energy (usually electricity) to transfer heat from the cool interior of the refrigerator to the relatively warm surroundings; likewise, an air conditioner uses energy to transfer heat from the interior space to the relatively warm outside environment. An air conditioner uses a cold indoor coil called the evaporator. The condenser, a hot outdoor coil, releases the collected heat outside. The evaporator and condenser coils are serpentine tubing surrounded by aluminum fins. This tubing is usually made of copper.

419

Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning May 29, 2012 - 5:22pm Addthis This breakthrough combines desiccant materials, which remove moisture from the air using heat, and advanced evaporative technologies to develop a cooling unit that uses 90 percent less electricity and up to 80 percent less total energy than traditional air conditioning. This solution, called the desiccant enhanced evaporative air conditioner (DEVAP), also controls humidity more effectively to improve the comfort of people in buildings. View the entire Lab Breakthrough playlist. What are the key facts? Recent materials advances and liquid desiccant advances to design the compact and cost-effective DEVAP system. DEVAP uses 90 percent less electricity and up to 80 percent less

420

Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning Lab Breakthrough: Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioning May 29, 2012 - 5:22pm Addthis This breakthrough combines desiccant materials, which remove moisture from the air using heat, and advanced evaporative technologies to develop a cooling unit that uses 90 percent less electricity and up to 80 percent less total energy than traditional air conditioning. This solution, called the desiccant enhanced evaporative air conditioner (DEVAP), also controls humidity more effectively to improve the comfort of people in buildings. View the entire Lab Breakthrough playlist. What are the key facts? Recent materials advances and liquid desiccant advances to design the compact and cost-effective DEVAP system.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Fundamental mechanisms in flue-gas conditioning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overall goal of this research project is to formulate a mathematical model of flue gas conditioning. This model will be based on an understanding of why ash properties, such as cohesivity and resistivity, are changed by conditioning. Such a model could serve as a component of the performance models of particulate control devices where flue gas conditioning is used. There are two specific objectives of this research project, which divide the planned research into two main parts. One part of the project is designed to determine how ash particles are modified by interactions with sorbent injection processes and to describe the mechanisms by which these interactions affect fine particle collection. The objective of the other part of the project is to identify the mechanisms by which conditioning agents, including chemically active compounds, modify the key properties of fine fly ash particles.

Dahlin, R.S.; Vann Bush, P.; Snyder, T.R.

1992-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

422

Fundamental mechanisms in flue gas conditioning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overall goal of this research project is to formulate a mathematical model of flue gas conditioning. This model will be based on an understanding of why ask properties, such as cohesivity and resistivity, are changed by conditioning. Such a model could serve as a component of the performance models of particulate control devices where flue gas conditioning is used. There are two specific objectives of this research project, which divide the planned research into two main parts. One part of the project is designed to determine how ash particles are modified by interactions with sorbent injection processes and to describe the mechanisms by which these interactions affect fine particle collection. The objective of the other part of the project is to identify the mechanisms by which conditioning agents, including chemically active compounds, modify the key properties of fine fly ash particles.

Bush, P.V.; Snyder, T.R.

1992-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

423

Boundary conditions for metric fluctuations in Lifshitz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the quantisation of linearised fluctuations of the metric and matter fields about a Lifshitz background, exploring the possibility of alternative boundary conditions, allowing the slow fall-off modes to fluctuate. We find that for $z >2$, slow fall-off modes for some of the linearised fluctuations are normalizable, which opens up the possibility of considering alternative boundary conditions. Analysing stability, we find that alternative boundary conditions for the momentum density are allowed, but alternative boundary conditions for the energy density lead to an instability of the type we recently discovered in a similar analysis for scalar fields on a fixed Lifshitz background. Our investigation is in the context of the simple massive vector model, but we would expect the conclusions to be more general.

Andrade, Tomas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Error bounds: necessary and sufficient conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from the primal as well as from the dual space are used to characterize the error bound property .... known as conditioning rate [45]): Er f(¯x) := lim inf x??x.

425

Unifying Condition Numbers for Linear Programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To define conditioning from ill-posedness one needs a norm in the space of data. Let denote such a norm and ? denote the distance to ill-posedness induced by.

426

Energy conditions, traversable wormholes and dust shells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Firstly, we review the pointwise and averaged energy conditions, the quantum inequality and the notion of the ``volume integral quantifier'', which provides a measure of the ``total amount'' of energy condition violating matter. Secondly, we present a specific metric of a spherically symmetric traversable wormhole in the presence of a generic cosmological constant, verifying that the null and the averaged null energy conditions are violated, as was to be expected. Thirdly, a pressureless dust shell is constructed around the interior wormhole spacetime by matching the latter geometry to a unique vacuum exterior solution. In order to further minimize the usage of exotic matter, we then find regions where the surface energy density is positive, thereby satisfying all of the energy conditions at the junction surface. An equation governing the behavior of the radial pressure across the junction surface is also deduced. Lastly, taking advantage of the construction, specific dimensions of the wormhole, namely, the t...

Lobo, F S N

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Beyond the no-slip boundary condition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper offers a simple macroscopic approach to the question of the slip boundary condition to be imposed upon the tangential component of the fluid velocity at a solid boundary. Plausible reasons are advanced for ...

Brenner, Howard

428

A Flexible Nonparametric Test for Conditional Independence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model Speci…cation Tests,”Journal of Econometrics, [4]A Consistent Conditional Moment Test of Functional Form,”the 5% standardized GCR test, SW2007 test, and SW2008 test

Huang, Meng; Sun, Yixiao; White, Hal

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Entanglement of Distillation and Conditional Mutual Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In previous papers, we expressed the Entanglement of Formation in terms of Conditional Mutual Information (CMI). In this brief paper, we express the Entanglement of Distillation in terms of CMI.

Robert R. Tucci

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

430

Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Presented By: WALTER E. JOHNSTON, PE Presented By: WALTER E. JOHNSTON, PE CEM, CEA, CLEP, CDSM, CPE Conditioning (HVAC) system is to provide and maintain a comfortable environment within a building for the occupants or for the process being conducted Many HVAC systems were not designed with energy efficiency as one of the design factors 3 Air Air is the major conductor of heat. Lack of heat = air conditioning OR 4 Btu - Amount of heat required to raise one pound of water 1 F = 0.252 KgCal 1 Pound of Water = About 1 Pint of Water ~ 1 Large Glass 1 Kitchen Match Basics of Air Conditioning = 1 Btu 5 = 6 Low Cost Cooling Unit 7 8 Typical Design Conditions 75 degrees F temperature 50% relative humidity 30 - 50 FPM air movement

431

Turbine Condition Assessment and Monitoring Methodology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides a broad overview of the process of steam turbine condition assessment and on-line monitoring (OLM). Describing the traditional approaches to condition assessment and the advanced techniques for automated OLM will encourage readers to consider strategies in their own organizations for applying the best features of each approach. Although new commercially available OLM systems have powerful data processing techniques, the equipment still requires a great deal of subject matter expertis...

2004-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

432

Condition-Based Maintenance Program Coordinator Guideline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Condition-based maintenance (CBM) is an important component of an effective plant equipment reliability (ER) program, and in support of plant activities and undertakings in this area, in 2011 EPRI and an industry Technical Advisory Group (TAG) collaborated to produce the Condition-Based Maintenance Guideline (EPRI product 1022957). That document, a revision of the earlier four-volume Predictive Maintenance Guidelines, clearly defines the CBM process and serves as a core resource on ...

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

433

Fundamental mechanisms in flue gas conditioning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We performed a wide variety of laboratory analyses during the past quarter. As with most of the work we performed during the previous quarter, our recent efforts were primarily directed toward the determination of the effects of adsorbed water on the cohesivity and tensile strength of powders. We also continued our analyses of dust cake ashes that have had the soluble compounds leached from their particle surfaces by repeated washings with water. Our analyses of leached and unleached dust cake ashes continued to provide some interesting insights into effects that compounds adsorbed on surfaces of ash particles can have on bulk ash behavior. As suggested by our literature review, our data indicate that water adsorption depends on particle morphology and on surface chemistry. Our measurements of tensile strength show, that for many of the samples we have analyzed a relative minimum in tensile strength exists for samples conditioned and tested at about 30% relative humidity. In our examinations of the effects of water conditioning on sample cohesivity, we determined that in the absence of absorption of water into the interior of the particles, cohesivity usually increases sharply when environments having relative humidities above 75% are used to condition and test the samples. Plans are under way to condition selected samples with (NH[sub 4])[sub 2]SO[sub 4], NH[sub 4]HSO[sub 4], CaCl[sub 2], organosiloxane, and SO[sub 3]. Pending approval, we will begin these conditioning experiments, and subsequent analyses of the conditioned samples.

Snyder, T.R.; Bush, P.V.

1993-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

434

Silica gel sorption properties under adiabatic conditions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The SERI Sorption Test Facility was modified from isothermal operation to adiabatic operating conditions so that we could measure the adsorption/desorption characteristics of silica-gel-coated, parallel-channel geometry as a function of operating conditions and aspect ratio under adiabatic conditions. We performed single-blow experiments on two single-passage test cells with different aspect ratios, air flow rates, and inlet conditions. Both adsorption and desorption runs were performed. As the air flow rate and aspect ratio increase when other parameters are kept constant, the desiccant matrix loses its sorption capacity faster. The test cell operated near isothermal conditions rather than adiabatically because the cell walls had a large thermal mass compared with the amount of desiccant used. Since constructing single-passage test cells with small thermal masses that can be operated adiabatically at the Sorption Test Facility is difficult, further testing at this facility will be primarily for isothermal operation. The adiabatic experiments can best be done with multipassage test cells having small thermal masses relative to desiccant mass. A single-blow test facility for performing experiments with multipassage test cells was fabricated in FY 1984, and experiments were performed in an FY 1985 desiccant project.

Pesaran, A.A.; Choudhury, K.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Energy conditions, traversable wormholes and dust shells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Firstly, we review the pointwise and averaged energy conditions, the quantum inequality and the notion of the ``volume integral quantifier'', which provides a measure of the ``total amount'' of energy condition violating matter. Secondly, we present a specific metric of a spherically symmetric traversable wormhole in the presence of a generic cosmological constant, verifying that the null and the averaged null energy conditions are violated, as was to be expected. Thirdly, a pressureless dust shell is constructed around the interior wormhole spacetime by matching the latter geometry to a unique vacuum exterior solution. In order to further minimize the usage of exotic matter, we then find regions where the surface energy density is positive, thereby satisfying all of the energy conditions at the junction surface. An equation governing the behavior of the radial pressure across the junction surface is also deduced. Lastly, taking advantage of the construction, specific dimensions of the wormhole, namely, the throat radius and the junction interface radius, and estimates of the total traversal time and maximum velocity of an observer journeying through the wormhole, are also found by imposing the traversability conditions.

Francisco S. N. Lobo

2004-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

436

Alternative Air Conditioning Technologies: Underfloor Air Distribution (UFAD)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is defined as any space conditioning system that allowsor by a separate space conditioning system, but in eitherenergy use - As with any space conditioning system, a poorly

Webster, Tom

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Investigation of residential central air conditioning load shapes in NEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Residential Central Air Conditioning Load Shapes in NEMSof Residential Central Air Conditioning Load Shapes in NEMSof Residential Central Air Conditioning Load Shapes in NEMS

Hamachi LaCommare, Kristina; Marnay, Chris; Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Rosenquist, Greg; Osborn, Julie

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Signal conditioning circuitry design for instrumentation systems.  

SciTech Connect

This report details the current progress in the design, implementation, and validation of the signal conditioning circuitry used in a measurement instrumentation system. The purpose of this text is to document the current progress of a particular design in signal conditioning circuitry in an instrumentation system. The input of the signal conditioning circuitry comes from a piezoresistive transducer and the output will be fed to a 250 ksps, 12-bit analog-to-digital converter (ADC) with an input range of 0-5 V. It is assumed that the maximum differential voltage amplitude input from the sensor is 20 mV with an unknown, but presumably high, sensor bandwidth. This text focuses on a specific design; however, the theory is presented in such a way that this text can be used as a basis for future designs.

Larsen, Cory A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

LVDT Conditioning on the LHC Collimators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Position Readout and Survey system of the LHC collimators has to monitor in real time (RT), at a frequency close to 100 Hz, the position of the 555 synchronized axes with an accuracy of 20 mum. Radiation hard Linear Variable Differential Transformers (LVDT) are used as absolute position sensors for their ruggedness, intrinsic accuracy and infinite resolution. Because of the radioactive environment the conditioning electronics is located in safe zones up to 800 m away from the sensors. Under these conditions, standard conditioning techniques cannot guarantee the accuracy requested by this application because of cable impedance, noise immunity, crosstalk between signals of different sensors passing within the same multiwire cable and temperature stability. A fully digital approach based on a sine-fit algorithm has been followed and will be described showing the excellent results measured up to now. Particular attention is devoted to the RT implementation of the algorithm on the PXI platform from National In...

Masi, A; Losito, R; Martino, M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Behavior of spent fuel under unsaturated conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To evaluate the performance of spent fuel in the potential repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, spent fuel fragments are being exposed to small and intermittent amounts of simulated groundwater under unsaturated conditions. Both the leachate and the visual appearance of the spent fuel have been characterized for 581 days of testing. The amount of Am and Cm measured in the leachates was one to two orders of magnitude greater than that released from spent fuel under saturated conditions. The cause of this difference has not been firmly identified but may be attributable to the presence of large amounts of actinide-containing colloids in the leachate of the unsaturated tests.

Finn, P.A.; Hoh, J.C.; Bates, J.K.; Wolf, S.F. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemical Technology Div.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Conditions for a class of entanglement transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Suppose Alice and Bob jointly possess a pure state, $|\\psi\\ra$. Using local operations on their respective systems and classical communication it may be possible for Alice and Bob to transform $|\\psi\\ra$ into another joint state $|\\phi\\ra$. This Letter gives necessary and sufficient conditions for this process of entanglement transformation to be possible. These conditions reveal a partial ordering on the entangled states, and connect quantum entanglement to the algebraic theory of majorization. As a consequence, we find that there exist essentially different types of entanglement for bipartite quantum systems.

M. A. Nielsen

1998-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

442

Fuel Conditioning Facility Electrorefiner Process Model  

SciTech Connect

The Fuel Conditioning Facility at the Idaho National Laboratory processes spent nuclear fuel from the Experimental Breeder Reactor II using electro-metallurgical treatment. To process fuel without waiting for periodic sample analyses to assess process conditions, an electrorefiner process model predicts the composition of the electrorefiner inventory and effluent streams. For the chemical equilibrium portion of the model, the two common methods for solving chemical equilibrium problems, stoichiometric and non stoichiometric, were investigated. In conclusion, the stoichiometric method produced equilibrium compositions close to the measured results whereas the non stoichiometric method did not.

DeeEarl Vaden

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Troubleshooting the residential air conditioning system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to effectively diagnose problems in a residential air conditioning system, the technician should develop and follow a logical step-by-step troubleshooting procedure. A list of problems, along with possible causes and solutions, that a technician may encounter when servicing a residential air conditioner is presented.

Puzio, H. [Sussex County Vocational Technical School, Sparta, NJ (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Conditions driving chemical freeze-out  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose the entropy density as the thermodynamic condition driving best the chemical freeze-out in heavy-ion collisions. Taking its value from lattice calculations at zero chemical potential, we find that it is excellent in reproducing the experimentally estimated freeze-out parameters. The two characteristic endpoints in the freeze-out diagram are reproduced as well.

A. Tawfik

2004-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

445

Some moduli spaces of Bridgeland's stability conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We shall study some moduli spaces of Bridgeland's semi-stable objects on abelian surfaces and K3 surfaces with Picard number 1. Under some conditions, we show that the moduli spaces are isomorphic to the moduli spaces of Gieseker semi-stable sheaves. We also study the ample cone of the moduli spaces.

Minamide, Hiroki; Yoshioka, Kota

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Gravity Transform for Input Conditioning in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gravity Transform for Input Conditioning in Brain Machine Interfaces António R. C. Paiva, José C. Motivation 2. Methods i. Gravity Transform ii. Modeling and output sensitivity analysis 3. Data Analysis #12;3 Outline 1. Motivation 2. Methods i. Gravity Transform ii. Modeling and output sensitivity analysis 3. Data

Paiva, António R. C.

447

Fuel-cell engine stream conditioning system  

SciTech Connect

A stream conditioning system for a fuel cell gas management system or fuel cell engine. The stream conditioning system manages species potential in at least one fuel cell reactant stream. A species transfer device is located in the path of at least one reactant stream of a fuel cell's inlet or outlet, which transfer device conditions that stream to improve the efficiency of the fuel cell. The species transfer device incorporates an exchange media and a sorbent. The fuel cell gas management system can include a cathode loop with the stream conditioning system transferring latent and sensible heat from an exhaust stream to the cathode inlet stream of the fuel cell; an anode humidity retention system for maintaining the total enthalpy of the anode stream exiting the fuel cell related to the total enthalpy of the anode inlet stream; and a cooling water management system having segregated deionized water and cooling water loops interconnected by means of a brazed plate heat exchanger.

DuBose, Ronald Arthur (Marietta, GA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Pilot plant environmental conditions (OPDD Appendix C)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is Appendix C to the Pilot Plant Overall Plant design description document for the 10-MW pilot central receiver plant to be located at Barstow, California. The environmental design criteria to be used for plant design day performance, operational limits, and survival environmental limits are specified. Data are presented on insolation, wind, temperature, and other meteorological conditions. (WHK)

Randall, C.M.; Whitson, M.E.; Coggi, J.V.

1978-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

449

Attachment 14 Special Terms and Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Attachment 14 Exhibit D Special Terms and Conditions Exhbit D PON-12-605 Special Terms. By accepting this grant, Recipient as a material term of this agreement shall be fully responsible wage. Therefore, as a material term of this grant, Recipient must either: (a) Proceed on the assumption

450

Parabolic systems with coupled boundary conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider elliptic operators with operator-valued coefficients and discuss the associated parabolic problems. The unknowns are functions with values in a Hilbert space $W$. The system is equipped with a general class of coupled boundary conditions of the form $f_{|\\partial\\Omega}\\in \\mathcal Y$ and $\\frac{\\partial f}{\\partial \

Stefano Cardanobile; Delio Mugnolo

2008-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

451

Handling Global Conditions in Parameterized System Verification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider symbolic verification for a class of parameterized systems, where a system consists of a linear array of processes, and where an action of a process may in general be guarded by both local conditions restricting the state of the process about ...

Parosh Aziz Abdulla; Ahmed Bouajjani; Bengt Jonsson; Marcus Nilsson

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Imaging Catalysts under Realistic Conditions Proefschrift  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conditions. Nano-reactors, which fit into the tip of a standard TEM, are under de- velopment, to realize is called environmen- tal TEM (ETEM). The nano-reactors are based on MEMS1 technology, and their windowsSTM's, which will be distinguished by adding "Mark I" or "Mark II" to the name. ReactorSTM Mark I was developed

Frenken, J.W.M.

453

Power conditioning system for energy sources  

SciTech Connect

Apparatus for conditioning power generated by an energy source includes an inverter for converting a DC input voltage from the energy source to a square wave AC output voltage, and a converter for converting the AC output voltage from the inverter to a sine wave AC output voltage.

Mazumder, Sudip K. (Chicago, IL); Burra, Rajni K. (Chicago, IL); Acharya, Kaustuva (Chicago, IL)

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

454

Assessment of Paper-Insulated Lead-Covered Cable Condition: Electrical, Chemical, and Metallurgical Condition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the investigation of electrical, chemical, and metallurgical tests used to evaluate the condition of paper-insulated lead-covered (PILC) medium-voltage cables.

2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

455

Space Conditioning Standing Technical Commitee Presentation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Partnership for Improved Residential Construction Partnership for Improved Residential Construction ba-pirc.org Building America Stakeholder Meeting 2012 RESNET Building Performance Conference Space Conditioning Standing Technical Committee Eric Martin and Janet McIlvaine Partnership for Improved Residential Construction Florida Solar Energy Center Ba.spaceconditioning.stc@gmail.com February 29, 2012 2 | Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction ba-pirc.org https://sites.google.com/site/bastcspaceconditioning/ Space Conditioning Standing Technical Committee Upcoming Activity Upcoming Activity Files, docs, schedule, etc. Files, docs, schedule, etc. 3 | Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction ba-pirc.org * U.S. Department of Energy Building Technologies Program directs the Building America program

456

Physical Market Conditions, Paper Market Activity,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

12 12 Physical Market Conditions, Paper Market Activity, and the WTI-Brent Spread Bahattin Büyükşahin Thomas K. Lee James T. Moser Michel A. Robe* Abstract We document that, starting in the Fall of 2008, the benchmark West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil has periodically traded at unheard of discounts to the corresponding Brent benchmark. We further document that this discount is not reflected in spreads between Brent and other benchmarks that are directly comparable to WTI. Drawing on extant models linking inventory conditions to the futures term structure, we test empirically several conjectures about how time and quality spreads (prompt vs. first-deferred WTI; prompt Brent vs. WTI)

457

Space Conditioning Standing Technical Committee Strategic Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Space Conditioning Standing Technical Space Conditioning Standing Technical Committee Strategic Plan, v2011a Revised: January 2012 Committee Chair: 2011 Eric Martin Janet McIlvaine BA-PIRC Standing Technical Committee Strategic Plan Overview Standing Technical Committees (STCs) focus on resolving key technical action items required to meet Building America performance goals. STC chairs lead each committees' activities in addressing specific research challenges, gaps in understanding, and new research opportunities. Committees include experts from the Building America research teams, DOE, national laboratories, and outside organizations that possess specialized knowledge or heightened interest in the topics being addressed. Committee chairs can create sub-committees on an as-needed basis to address targeted research needs.

458

Rotating heat pipe for air-conditioning  

SciTech Connect

A unique rotary hermetic heat pipe is disclosed for transferring heat from an external source to an external heat sink. The heat pipe has a tapered condensing surface which is curved preferably to provide uniform pumping acceleration, the heat pipe being rotated at a velocity such that the component of centrifugal acceleration in an axial direction parallel to the tapered surface is greater than lG and so that the condensing surface is kept relatively free of liquid at any attitude. The heat pipe may be incorporated in an air conditioning apparatus so that it projects through a small wall opening. In the preferred air conditioning apparatus, a hollow hermetic air impeller is provided which contains a liquefied gaseous refrigerant, such as freon, and means are provided for compressing the refrigerant in the evaporator region of the heat pipe.

Gray, V.H.

1976-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

459

A Resilient Condition Assessment Monitoring System  

SciTech Connect

An architecture and supporting methods are presented for the implementation of a resilient condition assessment monitoring system that can adaptively accommodate both cyber and physical anomalies to a monitored system under observation. In particular, the architecture includes three layers: information, assessment, and sensor selection. The information layer estimates probability distributions of process variables based on sensor measurements and assessments of the quality of sensor data. Based on these estimates, the assessment layer then employs probabilistic reasoning methods to assess the plant health. The sensor selection layer selects sensors so that assessments of the plant condition can be made within desired time periods. Resilient features of the developed system are then illustrated by simulations of a simplified power plant model, where a large portion of the sensors are under attack.

Humberto Garcia; Wen-Chiao Lin; Semyon M. Meerkov

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

STATUS OF THE NIF POWER CONDITIONING SYSTEM  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The NIF Power Conditioning System provides the pulsed excitation required to drive flashlamps in the laser's optical amplifiers. Modular in design, each of the 192 Main Energy Storage Modules (MESMs) storage up to 2.2 MJ of electrical energy in its capacitor bank before delivering the energy to 20 pairs of flashlamps in a 400 {micro}s pulse (10% power points). The peak current of each MESM discharge is 0.5 MA. Production, installation, commissioning and operation of the NIF Power Conditioning continue to progress rapidly, with the goals of completing accelerated production in late 2007 and finishing commissioning by early 2008, all the while maintaining an aggressive operations schedule. To date, more than 80% of the required modules have been assembled, shipped and installed in the facility, representing more that 240 MJ of stored energy available for driving NIF flashlamps. The MESMs have displayed outstanding reliability during daily, multiple-shift operations.

Arnold, P; Hulsey, S; Ullery, G; Petersen, D; Pendleton, D; Ollis, C; Newton, M

2007-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

LHCb Conditions Database Operation Assistance Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Conditions Database of the LHCb experiment (CondDB) provides versioned, time dependent geometry and conditions data for all LHCb data processing applications (simulation, high level trigger, reconstruction, analysis) in a heterogeneous computing environment ranging from user laptops to the HLT farm and the Grid. These different use cases impose front-end support for multiple database technologies (Oracle and SQLite are used). Sophisticated distribution tools are required to ensure timely and robust delivery of updates to all environments. The content of the database has to be managed to ensure that updates are internally consistent and externally compatible with multiple versions of the physics application software. In this paper we describe three systems that we have developed to address these issues: - an extension to the automatic content validation done by the “Oracle Streams” replication technology, to trap cases when the replication was unsuccessful; - an automated distribution process for the S...

Shapoval, Illya

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Electrical condition monitoring method for polymers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrical condition monitoring method utilizes measurement of electrical resistivity of an age sensor made of a conductive matrix or composite disposed in a polymeric structure such as an electrical cable. The conductive matrix comprises a base polymer and conductive filler. The method includes communicating the resistivity to a measuring instrument and correlating resistivity of the conductive matrix of the polymeric structure with resistivity of an accelerated-aged conductive composite.

Watkins, Jr., Kenneth S. (Dahlonega, GA); Morris, Shelby J. (Hampton, VA); Masakowski, Daniel D. (Worcester, MA); Wong, Ching Ping (Duluth, GA); Luo, Shijian (Boise, ID)

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

463

Condition Assessment of Substation Ground Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the second stage of a research project to develop a simple and inexpensive method and device to assess the integrity of substation grounding grids. The problem has been studied before but a reliable and inexpensive method or device to make a reliable diagnosis of grid condition is still lacking. While the EPRI-developed Ground Grid Evaluator (commercially known as the Smart Ground Multimeter) can be used to provide valuable information, the equipment is expensive and requires extens...

2008-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

464

INTEGRABILITY CONDITIONS FOR ALMOST HERMITIAN AND ALMOST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. If W+ denotes the self dual part of the Weyl tensor of any Kähler 4-manifold and S its scalar curvature, then the relation |W+ | 2 = S 2 /6 is well-known. For any almost Kähler 4-manifold with S ? 0, this condition forces the Kähler property. A compact almost Kähler 4-manifold is already Kähler if it satisfies the conditions |W+ | 2 = S 2 /6 and ?W+ = 0 and also if it is Einstein and |W+ | is constant. Some further results of this type are proved. An almost Hermitian 4-manifold (M, g, J) with supp(W+) = M is already Kähler if it satisfies the condition |W+ | 2 = 3(S ? ? S/3) 2 /8 together with |?W+ | = |?|W+| | or with ?W+ + ?log |W+|?W+ = 0, respectively. The almost complex structure J enters here explicitely via the star scalar curvature S ? only. 2002 Mathematics Subject Classification: 53B20, 53C25 This paper is related to the following general question: Which curvature properties of an almost Hermitian (almost Kähler) manifold (M, g, J) imply that (M, g, J) is in fact a Hermitian manifold or a Kähler manifold, respectively? On can also consider the stronger problem which curvature properties of the corresponding oriented Riemannian manifold (M, g) force that (M, g, J) is already

Kähler -manifolds

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Fundamental mechanisms in flue gas conditioning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project is divided into four tasks. The Management Plan was developed in task 1. Task 2, Evaluation of Mechanisms in FGD Sorbent and Ash Interactions, focuses on the characteristics of binary mixtures of these distinct powders. Task 3, Evaluation of Mechanisms in Conditioning Agents and Ash, is designed to examine the effects of various conditioning agents on fine ash particles to determine the mechanisms by which these agents alter the physical properties of the ash. Tasks 2 and 3 began with an extensive literature search and the assembly of existing theories. This phase of the project is now complete. During the past quarter, initial preparations of laboratory equipment for laboratory testing have been made. A plan for initial laboratory tests has been submitted to the Project Manager for review. Laboratory testing will commence once these laboratory plans have been formally approved. The results of the work performed under task 2 and 3 will be included in a Flue Gas Conditioning Model that will be issued under task 4. The Final Report for the project will also be prepared under task 4.

Snyder, T.R.; Robinson, M.S.; Bush, P.V.

1992-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

466

Fundamental mechanisms in flue gas conditioning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project is divided into four tasks. Task 1 is the Development of a Management Plan. Task 2, Evaluation of Mechanisms in FGD Sorbent and Ash Interactions, focuses on the characteristics of binary mixtures of these distinct powders. Task 3, Evaluation of Mechanisms in Conditioning Agents and Ash, is designed to examine the effects of various conditioning agents on fine ash particles to determine the mechanisms by which these agents alter the physical properties of the ash. Tasks 2 and 3 began with an extensive literature search and the assembly of existing theories. The results of the work performed under Tasks 2 and 3 will be included in a Flue Gas Conditioning Model that will be issued under Task 4. The Final Report for the project will also be prepared under Task 4. This quarterly report covers four months in order to synchronize the reporting periods for this project with US Government quarters. Work performed on the project during the past quarter consisted almost entirely of the review of literature pertaining to the objectives of Tasks 2 and 3. The primary results of that review are discussed at length in Topical Reports 1 and 2, submitted January 9, 1992. As a consequence of the work described in the topical reports, several of the project's Measures of Success that were described in the first quarterly report have been achieved. This quarterly report will discuss these achievements.

Snyder, T.R.

1992-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

467

1975 energy conditions in the South  

SciTech Connect

This report depicts energy supply and demand conditions in the South in 1975 and highlights differences in production and utilization patterns relative to the United States (some of the consumption data is for 1974). Significant changes during the previous three years are noted to provide continuity with the predecessor report, Energy Conditions in the South: 1972. The most important changes are the substantial increase in nuclear generation of electricity, the absolute and relative decline in oil and gas production, and the increase in per capita energy consumption relative to the nation. Each state within the region is described in detail to ascertain important sub-regional differences in energy conditions. The intent is to provide a description rather than analysis of regional energy patterns, noting variations and emphasizing the comparative advantages of the South. Such a presentation can yield insight into the future role of the region in contributing to the economic growth and welfare of the nation as its natural resource base is depleted and the transition to alternative energy sources is made.

Rice, P.L.

1978-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Battery conditioning system having communication with battery parameter memory means in conjunction with battery conditioning  

SciTech Connect

In an exemplary embodiment, a battery conditioning system monitors battery conditioning and includes a memory for storing data based thereon; for example, data may be stored representative of available battery capacity as measured during a deep discharge cycle. With a microprocessor monitoring battery operation of a portable unit, a measure of remaining battery capacity can be calculated and displayed. Where the microprocessor and battery conditioning system memory are permanently secured to the battery so as to receive operating power therefrom during storage and handling, the performance of a given battery in actual use can be accurately judged since the battery system can itself maintain a count of accumulated hours of use and other relevant parameters. In the case of a non-portable conditioning system, two-way communication may be established with a memory associated with the portable unit so that the portable unit can transmit to the conditioning system information concerning battery parameters (e.g. rated battery capacity) and/or battery usage (e.g. numbers of shallow discharge and recharge cycles), and after a conditioning operation, the conditioning system can transmit to the portable unit a measured value of battery capacity, for example. 27 figs.

Koenck, S.E.

1994-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

469

Condition Monitoring of Cables Task 3 Report: Condition Monitoring Techniques for Electric Cables  

SciTech Connect

For more than 20 years the NRC has sponsored research studying electric cable aging degradation, condition monitoring, and environmental qualification testing practices for electric cables used in nuclear power plants. This report summarizes several of the most effective and commonly used condition monitoring techniques available to detect damage and measure the extent of degradation in electric cable insulation. The technical basis for each technique is summarized, along with its application, trendability of test data, ease of performing the technique, advantages and limitations, and the usefulness of the test results to characterize and assess the condition of electric cables.

Villaran, M.; Lofaro, R.; na

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

470

Physical conditions for the r-process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent works show that the r-process can proceed by competition between neutron capture and {beta}-decay in low temperature environments (process) where photo-disintegration plays no role. This is in contrast to the traditional picture of the r-process in high temperature environments ({approx} 1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} K; hot r-process) where the (n, {gamma})-({gamma}, n) equilibrium holds. In this study, we explore nucleosynthesis calculations based on a site-independent model to elucidate the physical conditions leading to cold and hot r-processes.

Wanajo, S.; Tachibana, T.; Goriely, S. [Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching and Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Senior High School of Waseda University, Nerima, Tokyo 177-0044 (Japan); Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, C.P. 226, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium)

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

471

Some necessary conditions for vector space partitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some new necessary conditions for the existence of vector space partitions are derived. They are applied to the problem of finding the maximum number of spaces of dimension t in a vector space partition of V(2t,q) that contains m_d spaces of dimension d, where t/2spaces of other dimensions. It is also discussed how this problem is related to maximal partial (t-1)-spreads in V(2t,q). We also give a lower bound for the number of spaces in a vector space partition and verify that this bound is tight.

Heden, Olof

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Electrical condition monitoring method for polymers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrical condition monitoring method utilizes measurement of electrical resistivity of a conductive composite degradation sensor to monitor environmentally induced degradation of a polymeric product such as insulated wire and cable. The degradation sensor comprises a polymeric matrix and conductive filler. The polymeric matrix may be a polymer used in the product, or it may be a polymer with degradation properties similar to that of a polymer used in the product. The method comprises a means for communicating the resistivity to a measuring instrument and a means to correlate resistivity of the degradation sensor with environmentally induced degradation of the product.

Watkins, Jr. Kenneth S. (Dahlonega, GA); Morris, Shelby J. (Hampton, VA); Masakowski, Daniel D. (Worcester, MA); Wong, Ching Ping (Duluth, GA); Luo, Shijian (Boise, ID)

2010-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

473

TERMS AND CONDITIONS AWARD PON-11-609  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXHIBIT C TERMS AND CONDITIONS AWARD PON-11-609 #12;i 46B TERMS AND CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTSU ............................................................................... 24 #12;General Grant Terms and Conditions Rev. January 10, 2012 1 TERMS AND CONDITIONS 1. 0BGrant Awards. This Agreement is comprised of the grant funding award, the Terms and Conditions, and all

474

Thermal field theories and shifted boundary conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The analytic continuation to an imaginary velocity of the canonical partition function of a thermal system expressed in a moving frame has a natural implementation in the Euclidean path-integral formulation in terms of shifted boundary conditions. The Poincare' invariance underlying a relativistic theory implies a dependence of the free-energy on the compact length L_0 and the shift xi only through the combination beta=L_0(1+xi^2)^(1/2). This in turn implies that the energy and the momentum distributions of the thermal theory are related, a fact which is encoded in a set of Ward identities among the correlators of the energy-momentum tensor. The latter have interesting applications in lattice field theory: they offer novel ways to compute thermodynamic potentials, and a set of identities to renormalize non-perturbatively the energy-momentum tensor. At fixed bare parameters the shifted boundary conditions also provide a simple method to vary the temperature in much smaller steps than with the standard procedure.

Leonardo Giusti; Harvey B. Meyer

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

475

Thermal field theories and shifted boundary conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The analytic continuation to an imaginary velocity of the canonical partition function of a thermal system expressed in a moving frame has a natural implementation in the Euclidean path-integral formulation in terms of shifted boundary conditions. The Poincare' invariance underlying a relativistic theory implies a dependence of the free-energy on the compact length L_0 and the shift xi only through the combination beta=L_0(1+xi^2)^(1/2). This in turn implies that the energy and the momentum distributions of the thermal theory are related, a fact which is encoded in a set of Ward identities among the correlators of the energy-momentum tensor. The latter have interesting applications in lattice field theory: they offer novel ways to compute thermodynamic potentials, and a set of identities to renormalize non-perturbatively the energy-momentum tensor. At fixed bare parameters the shifted boundary conditions also provide a simple method to vary the temperature in much smaller steps than with the standard procedur...

Giusti, Leonardo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Fractionating Recalcitrant Lignocellulose at Modest Reaction Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effectively releasing the locked polysaccharides from recalcitrant lignocellulose to fermentable sugars is among the greatest technical and economic barriers to the realization of lignocellulose biorefineries because leading lignocellulose pre-treatment technologies suffer from low sugar yields, and/or severe reaction conditions, and/or high cellulase use, narrow substrate applicability, and high capital investment, etc. A new lignocellulose pre-treatment featuring modest reaction conditions (50 C and atmospheric pressure) was demonstrated to fractionate lignocellulose to amorphous cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, and acetic acid by using a non-volatile cellulose solvent (concentrated phosphoric acid), a highly volatile organic solvent (acetone), and water. The highest sugar yields after enzymatic hydrolysis were attributed to no sugar degradation during the fractionation and the highest enzymatic cellulose digestibility ({approx}97% in 24 h) during the hydrolysis step at the enzyme loading of 15 filter paper units of cellulase and 60 IU of beta-glucosidase per gram of glucan. Isolation of high-value lignocellulose components (lignin, acetic acid, and hemicellulose) would greatly increase potential revenues of a lignocellulose biorefinery.

Zhang, Y.-H. Percival [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Ding, Shi-You [National Energy Renewable Laboratory; Mielenz, Jonathan R [ORNL; Cui, Jing-Biao [Dartmouth College; Elander, Richard T. [Dartmouth College; Laser, Mark [Dartmouth College; Himmel, Michael [ORNL; McMillan, James R. [National Energy Renewable Laboratory; Lynd, L. [Dartmouth College

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Sensitivity of Dynamical Intraseasonal Prediction Skills to Different Initial Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predictability of intraseasonal oscillation (ISO) relies on both initial conditions and lower boundary conditions (or atmosphere–ocean interaction). The atmospheric reanalysis datasets are commonly used as initial conditions. Here, the biases of ...

Xiouhua Fu; Bin Wang; June-Yi Lee; Wanqiu Wang; Li Gao

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) Regulatory Burden RFI Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) Regulatory Burden RFI These comments...

479

Does the Air-Conditioning Engineering Rubric Work in Residences...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Does the Air-Conditioning Engineering Rubric Work in Residences? Title Does the Air-Conditioning Engineering Rubric Work in Residences? Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL...

480

Secretary Chu, Senator Reid Announce Department of Energy Conditional...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Announce Department of Energy Conditional Commitment for a Loan Guarantee for Nevada Geothermal Project Secretary Chu, Senator Reid Announce Department of Energy Conditional...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uncontrollable traffic conditions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Department of Energy Offers $102 Million Conditional Commitment...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Energy Offers 102 Million Conditional Commitment for Loan Guarantee to U.S. Geothermal, Inc. Department of Energy Offers 102 Million Conditional Commitment for Loan...

482

Energy Department Offers Conditional Commitment to Support Nevada...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

are here Home Energy Department Offers Conditional Commitment to Support Nevada Geothermal Development with Recovery Act Funds Energy Department Offers Conditional Commitment...

483

Department of Energy Offers $2.1 Billion Conditional Commitment...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

.1 Billion Conditional Commitment Loan Guarantee to Support California Solar Thermal Power Plant Department of Energy Offers 2.1 Billion Conditional Commitment Loan Guarantee to...

484

A study of membrane properties on air conditioning performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Energy consumption due to heating, ventilation, and air conditioning amounts to 10-20% of global electrical energy usage. Air conditioning alone uses one trillion kilowatt hours… (more)

Boyer, Elizabeth J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Microsoft Word - Berger Radiological Conditions.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Dec. Dec. 2, 2009 1 Summary of Information Regarding Radiological Conditions of NFSS Vicinity Properties J. D. Berger, CHP DeNuke Contracting Services, Inc. Oak Ridge, TN The following is a summary of the information obtained from reviews of radiological survey reports, prepared by ORAU in support of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. These reports were obtained for review from the IVEA Program at ORAU/ORISE. A list of the reports, reviewed for this summary, is included at the end of this report. Hard copies of reports for ORAU survey activities of NFSS and NFSS Vicinity Properties are available at the South Campus Site of ORAU (these reports are not available in electronic form). In addition, there are 12 - 14 boxes of hard-copy supporting data and information, pertinent to the surveys. I inspected the contents of Box 54. That box contained records for NFSS Vicinity

486

Automobile air-conditioning unit. Final report  

SciTech Connect

In this study the refrigerant in the automobile air-conditioner is compressed by thermal energy in a unique compression system rather than by work in a standard compressor. The compression uses an intermittent compression process with a solid absorbent. The vapor is absorbed by an absorbent at relatively low temperature and ejected as the absorbent temperature is raised. A set of one way valves limits flow to one direction. Major contributions are heat transfer requirements, molecular sieve-refrigerant matching, minimizing non-producing mass, solving thermal fatigue and shock problems, and applying this to automobile air-conditioning. The performance study shows energy savings up to fifty percent are possible, depending on engine load. A twenty percent energy savings with the vehicle tested with the air-conditioner in operation is average. The study also showed that less fuel is used with the windows open than with the air-conditioner operating.

Schaetzle, W.J.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Particle production in matter at extreme conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study particle production and its density evolution and equilibration in hot dense medium. One type of hot dense medium, which we study, is hadronic gas produced at quark gluon plasma hadronization in heavy ions collisions in SPS, RHIC and LHC experiments. We study hadron production at non-equilibrium quark gluon plasma hadronization and their evolution in thermal hadronic gas phase. We use non-equilibrium hadronization as the initial condition in the study of hadronic kinetic phase. During this time period some hadronic resonances can be produced in lighter hadrons fusion. Production of resonances is dominant over decay if there is non-equilibrium excess of decay products. Within this model we explain apparently contradictory experimental results reported in RHIC experiments: Sigma(1385) yield is enhanced while Lambda(1520) yield is suppressed compared to the statistical hadronization model expectation obtained without kinetic phase. We also predict Delta(1232) enhancement. The second type of plasma medium we consider is the relativistic electron positron photon plasma drop. This plasma is expected to be produced in decay of supercritical field created in ultrashort laser pulse. We study at what conditions this plasma drop is opaque for photons and therefore may reach thermal and chemical equilibrium. Further we consider muon and pion production in this plasma also as a diagnostic tool. Finally all these theoretical developments can be applied to begin a study of particles evolution in early universe in temperatures domain from QGP hadronization (160 MeV) to nucleosynthesis (0.1 MeV). The first results on pion equilibration are presented here.

Inga Kuznetsova

2009-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

488

Epfast: a model for simulating uncontrolled islanding in large power systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the capabilities, calculation logic, and foundational assumptions of EPfast, a new simulation and impact analysis tool developed by Argonne National Laboratory. The purpose of the model is to explore the tendency of power ...

Edgar C. Portante; Brian A. Craig; Leah Talaber Malone; James Kavicky; Stephen F. Folga; Stewart Cedres

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE CONTROLLING PROVISIONS: No terms and conditions other than the terms and conditions contained herein shall be  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE CONTROLLING PROVISIONS: No terms and conditions other than the terms's authorized agent. All terms and conditions contained in any prior oral or written communication, including, without limitation, Buyer's purchase order, which are different from or in addition to the terms

Herrick, Robert R.

490

Adaptive Routing for Road Traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several technologies for motorists ease their travel on today's congested roads. However, these services aren't linked to each other and using them while driving can be dangerously distracting. This article reports on an integrated system that uses congestion ... Keywords: routing, congestion, Trafficmaster, GPS, GSM.

John Fawcett; Peter Robinson

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Bursty traffic over bursty links  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate estimation of link quality is the key to enable efficient routing in wireless sensor networks. Current link estimators focus mainly on identifying long-term stable links for routing. They leave out a potentially large set of intermediate links ... Keywords: bursty links, link estimation, routing

Muhammad Hamad Alizai; Olaf Landsiedel; Jó Ágila Bitsch Link; Stefan Götz; Klaus Wehrle

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Integrating ducts into the conditioned space: Successes and challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

air into the conditioned space. Further conversations with construction crews indicated that sealing

Siegel, Jeffrey; Walker, Iain

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Infinitesimal Bishop-Gromov condition for Alexandrov spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove the infinitesimal version of Bishop-Gromov volume comparison condition for Alexandrov spaces.

Kuwae, Kazuhiro

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Investigation of Dispersion and Micrometeorology Under Spatially Inhomogeneous Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wind stable conditions from the observations of the land surface processes experiment at Anand in India,

Qian, Wenjun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: · Lighting systems · Heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems · Light emitting diode (LED) traffic

496

Confining Boundary conditions from dynamical Coupling Constants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that it is possible to consistently and gauge invariantly formulate models where the coupling constant is a non trivial function of a scalar field . In the $U(1)$ case the coupling to the gauge field contains a term of the form $g(\\phi)j_\\mu (A^{\\mu} +\\partial^{\\mu}B)$ where $B$ is an auxiliary field and $j_\\mu$ is the Dirac current. The scalar field $\\phi$ determines the local value of the coupling of the gauge field to the Dirac particle. The consistency of the equations determine the condition $\\partial^{\\mu}\\phi j_\\mu = 0$ which implies that the Dirac current cannot have a component in the direction of the gradient of the scalar field. As a consequence, if $\\phi$ has a soliton behaviour, like defining a bubble that connects two vacuua, we obtain that the Dirac current cannot have a flux through the wall of the bubble, defining a confinement mechanism where the fermions are kept inside those bags. Consistent models with time dependent fine structure constant can be also constructed

E. I. Guendelman; R. Steiner

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

497

Zoned heating and air conditioning system  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a zoned heating and air conditioning system comprising: a central air handling system with an air heating means and an air cooling means and a blower connected to an air duct system; thermostats each have heating and cooling set points, respectively associated with and located in different zones of a building; dampers respectively associated with each building zone positioned in the air duct system. Each damper has an open position allowing air into the respective zone from the duct system and a closed position; relay means for connecting one thermostat to the air handling system upon a call for heating or cooling by one thermostat and disconnecting all other thermostats by connecting one thermostat's connections between the thermostat and air handling system. Only one thermostat is connected to the air handling system at a time and the relay means disconnects one thermostat from the air handling system after one thermostat is satisified; and damper actuating means for unlocking each damper in one building zone responsive actuated by a respective zone thermostat connected to the air handling system by the relay means. The damper actuates means including a damper solenoid for each damper located adjacent each damper and connected to a respective zone thermostat. It unlocks each damper in one building zone responsive to being actuated by the respective zone thermostat and unlocks the dampers in one building zone when one thermostat is actuated while preventing the dampers in another thermostat's building zone from unlocking.

Beachboard, S.A.

1987-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

498

Solvolytic liquefaction of wood under mild conditions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Conversion of wood to liquid products requires cleavage of bonds which crosslink the wood structure. This study examines a low-severity wood solubilization process utilizing a solvent medium consisting of a small amount of sulfuric acid and a potentially wood-derivable alcohol. In one half hour of reaction time at 250/sup 0/C under 15 psia starting nitrogen pressure, over 95% of the wood (maf) was rendered acetone-soluble. The product is a soft, black, bitumen-like solid at room temperature but readily softens at 140/sup 0/C. Between 25 and 50% of the original wood oxygen, depending on alcohol used, was removed as water. Approximately 2 to 17% of the alcohols were retained in the product. Gel permeation chromatography showed that the product's median molecular weight is around 300. Based on experimental and literature results, a mechanism for wood solubilization is proposed. This involves protonation of the etheric oxygen atoms, leading to subsequent bond scission to form carbonium ions which are stabilized by solvent alkoxylation. At severe conditions, polymerization and condensation reactions result in acetone-insoluble materials.

Yu, S.M.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Analysis and design of power conditioning systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A combination of high prices of fossil fuels and the increased awareness of their negative environmental impact has influenced the development of new cleaner energy sources. Among various viable technologies, fuel cells have emerged as one of the most promising sources for both portable and stationary applications. Fuel cell stacks produce DC voltage with a 2:1 variation in output voltage from no load to full load conditions. Hence, to increase the utilization efficiency and system stability, a power conditioner consisting of DC-DC and DC-AC converters is required for load interface. The design of power conditioners is driven by the application. This dissertation presents several different solutions for applications ranging from low-power portable sources for small electronics and laptop computers to megawatt-power applications for fuel cell power plants. The design and analysis for each power conditioner is presented in detail and the performance is verified using simulations and prototypes. Special consideration is given to the role of supercapacitors who act as the additional energy storage elements. It is shown that the supercapacitor connected at the terminals of a fuel cell can contribute to increased steady state stability when powering constant power loads, improved transient stability against load transients, and increased fuel efficiency (i.e. reduced hydrogen consumption).

Harfman Todorovic, Maja

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Defining Conditions for Maximizing Bioreduction of Uranium  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Correlations between modifying electron donor and acceptor accessibility, the in-situ microbial community, and bioreduction of Uranium at the FRC and UMTRA research sites indicated that significant modifications in the rate, amount and by inference the potential stability of immobilized Uranium are feasible in these environments. The in-situ microbial community at these sites was assessed with a combination of lipid and real-time molecular techniques providing quantitative insights of effects of electron donor and manipulations. Increased (9mM in 2003 vs 3mM 2002) donor amendment at the Old Rifle site resulted in the stimulation of anaerobic conditions downgradient of the injection gallery. Biomass within the test plot increased relative to the control well at 17 feet. Q-PCR specific for IRB/SRB showed increased copy numbers within the test plot and was the highest at the injection gallery. Q-PCR specific for Geobacter sp. showed increased copy numbers within the test plot but further downgradient from the injection gallery than the SRB/IRB. DNA and Lipid analysis confirm changes in the microbial community structure due to donor addition. See also the PNNL (Long) and UMASS (Anderson) posters for more information about this site.

David C. White; Aaron D. Peacock; Yun-Juan Chang; Roland Geyer; Philip E. Long; Jonathan D. Istok; Amanda N.; R. Todd Anderson; Dora Ogles

2004-03-17T23:59:59.000Z