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1

The Ulysses Supplement to the BATSE 4Br Catalog of Cosmic Gamma-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present Interplanetary Network localization information for 147 gammaray bursts observed by the Burst and Transient Source Experiment between the end of the 3rd BATSE catalog and the end of the 4th BATSE catalog, obtained by analyzing the arrival times of these bursts at the Ulysses and Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory (CGRO) spacecraft. For any given burst observed by these two spacecraft, arrival time analysis (or “triangulation”) results in an annulus of possible arrival directions whose half-width varies between 7 arcseconds and 2.3 degrees, depending on the intensity and time history of the burst, and the distance of the Ulysses spacecraft from Earth. This annulus generally intersects the BATSE error circle, resulting in an average reduction of the error box area of a factor of 25. Subject headings: gamma-rays: bursts; catalogs 1

K. Hurley; M. S. Briggs; C. Kouveliotou; C. Meegan; G. Fishman; T. Cline

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

LAKESHORE AVON BR ANT-EDEN ALD EN-LANC ASTER AU BURN W SH ELDON  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

81 81 § ¨ ¦ 81 LAKESHORE AVON BR ANT-EDEN ALD EN-LANC ASTER AU BURN W SH ELDON CALEDONIA HURON C REEK LEIC EST ER COL DEN ASH FORD INDIAN FALLS LAWTONS SAR DINIA RPD-037 -2 GLENWOOD PU LASKI PAVILION CON CORD COL LINS N ELM A ORC HARD PARK-H AMBU RG DANLEY CORNERS ST ILLWAT ER CHAFF EE-ARCAD E FAYETT E-WATERLOO LAKEVIEW JAVA SEN EC A W ELLER Y AU RORA E ZOAR BU FFALO TIOGA SILVER LAKE AKR ON ROM E RAT HBON E ALM A BET HANY WYOMING ULYSSES BR ANCH W SAN DY CREEK COL LINS BLOOMFIELD E LEBANON STATE LINE ALLEN CHUR CHVILLE BATH ATT ICA ELLI COT VILLE ROU LETT E BR ADFORD BU FFALO CREEK PEN N YAN N BEECH HILL-INDEPENDENC E GERRY-CH ARLOTTE STAGECOACH CHIPMUN K HEBRON VIN CENT BALD WI NSVILLE AKELEY OLEAN COWLESVILLE AN NIN SMET HPORT BR ADLEY BR OOK BU STI FIVE MILE BLOOMFIELD W SEN EC A FALLS NILE STAGECOACH LEWIS R UN BR ADFORD CAMDEN VAN ETT EN ROAN OKE SH ARON RICHBU RG FULTON N FINN EGAN H ILL TONAWANDA

3

The Ulysses Catalog of Solar Hard X-Ray Flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rupted full-Sun coverage of major solar X-ray ?are activity.of Ulysses from the Sun in AU, and its solar longitude andof the solar disk shows the view of the Sun from Earth,

Tranquille, C.; Hurley, K.; Hudson, H. S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

The Ulysses Catalog of Solar Hard X-Ray Flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

its Solar X-ray/Cosmic Gamma-Ray Burst Experiment (GRB) hasInstrument The Ulysses Gamma-Ray Burst (GRB) instrument, hasrate due to a cosmic gamma-ray burst or a solar ?are, but we

Tranquille, C.; Hurley, K.; Hudson, H. S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Development and Use of the Galileo and Ulysses Power Sources  

SciTech Connect

Paper presented at the 45th Congress of the International Astronautical Federation, October 1994. The Galileo mission to Jupiter and the Ulysses mission to explore the polar regions of the Sun required a new power source: the general-purpose heat source radioisotope thermoelectric generator (GPHS-RTG), the most powerful RTG yet flow. Four flight-qualified GPHS-RTGs were fabricated with one that is being used on Ulysses, two that are being used on Galileo and one that was a common spare (and is now available for the Cassini mission to Saturn). In addition, and Engineering Unit and a Qualification Unit were fabricated to qualify the design for space through rigorous ground tests. This paper summarizes the ground testing and performance predictions showing that the GPHS-RTGs have met and will continue to meet or exceed the performance requirements of the ongoing Galileo and Ulysses missions. There are two copies in the file.

Bennett, Gary L; Hemler, Richard J; Schock, Alfred

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Disabled legislators : disability and Irish colonial pathology in James Joyce's Ulysses.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Why are there so many disabled characters in James Joyce's Ulysses? "Disabled Legislators" seeks to answer this question by exploring the variety and depth of… (more)

Cormier, Andre.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tectonic br Setting Host br Rock br Age Host br Rock br Lithology Tectonic br Setting Host br Rock br Age Host br Rock br Lithology Mean br Capacity Mean br Reservoir br Temp Amedee Geothermal Area Amedee Geothermal Area Walker Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Extensional Tectonics Mesozoic granite granodiorite MW K Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Extensional Tectonics MW K Blue Mountain Geothermal Area Blue Mountain Geothermal Area Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Extensional Tectonics triassic metasedimentary MW K Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Extensional Tectonics MW Coso Geothermal Area Coso Geothermal Area Walker Lane Transition Zone

8

SPATIALLY DEPENDENT HEATING AND IONIZATION IN AN ICME OBSERVED BY BOTH ACE AND ULYSSES  

SciTech Connect

The 2005 January 21 interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) observed by multiple spacecraft at L1 was also observed from January 21-February 4 at Ulysses (5.3 AU). Previous studies of this ICME have found evidence suggesting that the flanks of a magnetic cloud like structure associated with this ICME were observed at L1 while a more central cut through the associated magnetic cloud was observed at Ulysses. This event allows us to study spatial variation across the ICME and relate it to the eruption at the Sun. In order to examine the spatial dependence of the heating in this ICME, we present an analysis and comparison of the heavy ion composition observed during the passage of the ICME at L1 and at Ulysses. Using SWICS, we compare the heavy ion composition across the two different observation cuts through the ICME and compare it with predictions for heating during the eruption based on models of the time-dependent ionization balance throughout the event.

Lepri, Susan T. [Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2143 (United States); Laming, J. Martin; Rakowski, Cara E. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Code 7674L, Washington, DC 20375-5321 (United States); Von Steiger, Rudolf [International Space Science Institute, Bern CH-3012 (Switzerland)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

BeppoSAX and Ulysses data on the giant flare from SGR 1900+14  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The extraordinary giant flare of 1998 August 27 from SGR 1900+14 was the most intense event ever detected from this or any other cosmic source (even more intense than the famous March 5th 1979 event). It was longer than any previous burst from SGR1900+14 by more than one order of magnitude, and it displayed the same 5.16-s periodicity in hard X-rays that was detected in the low energy X-ray flux of its quiescent counterpart. The event was detected by several gamma-ray experiments in space, among them the Ulysses gamma-ray burst detector and the BeppoSAX Gamma Ray Burst Monitor. These instruments operate in different energy ranges, and a comparison of their data shows that the event emitted a strongly energy-dependent flux, and displayed strong spectral evolution during the outburst itself. Here we present a joint analysis of the BeppoSAX and Ulysses data, in order to identify the energy-dependent features of this event and understand some of the physical conditions in the environment of the neutron star which generated this flare.

M. Feroci; K. Hurley; R. Duncan; C. Thompson; E. Costa; F. Frontera

1999-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

10

Microsoft Word - HgAcBr  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(AC-Br) (DARCO Hg- LH, Norit Americas Inc.) and brominated activated carbon fibers (ACF-Br) (Illinois State Geological Survey and University of Illinois). The AC-Br sorbents...

11

HIGH LATITUDE ULYSSES OBSERVATIONS OF THE H/HE INTENSITY RATIO UNDER SOLAR MINIMUM AND SOLAR MAXIMUM CONDITIONS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We analyze measurements of the 0.5-1.0 MeV/nucleon H/He intensity ratio from the Ulysses spacecraft during its first (1992-94) and second (1999-2000) ascent to southern high latitude regions of the heliosphere. These cover a broad range of heliocentric distances (from 5.2 to 2.0 AU) and out-of-ecliptic latitudes (from 18{degree}S to 80{degree}S). During Ulysses' first southern pass, the HI-SCALE instrument measured a series of enhanced particle fluxes associated with the passage of a recurrent corotating interaction region (CIR). Low values ({approximately}6) of the H/He ratio were observed in these recurrent corotating events, with a clear minimum following the passage of the corotating reverse shock. When Ulysses reached high southern latitudes (>40{degree}S), the H/He ratio always remained below {approximately}10 except during two transient solar events that brought the ratio to high (>20) values. Ulysses' second southern pass was characterized by a higher average value of the H/He ratio. No recurrent pattern was observed in the energetic ion intensity which was dominated by the occurrence of transient events of solar origin. Numerous CIRs, many of which were bounded by forward and reverse shock pairs, were still observed in the solar wind and magnetic field data. The arrival of those CIRs at Ulysses did not always result in a decrease of the H/He ratio; on the contrary, many CIRs showed a higher H/He ratio than some transient events. Within a CIR, however, the H/He ratio usually increased around the forward shock and decreased towards the reverse shock. Throughout the second ascent to southern heliolatitudes, the H/He ratio seldom decreased below {approximately}10 even at high latitudes (>40{degree}S). We interpret these higher values of the H/He ratio in terms of the increasing level of solar activity together with the poor definition and short life that corotating solar wind structures have under solar maximum conditions. The global filling of the heliosphere by transient solar events and the fact that in 1999-2000 Ulysses observed only intermediate (<650 km s{sup {minus}1}) solar wind speed (whose contents in pick-up He is less energetic than in the fast solar wind streams observed in 1992-1994) favored the protons with respect to alpha particles. Hence the fact that the average values of the H/He ratio observed by Ulysses during the rising phase of the solar cycle (1999-2000) were higher than those observed during the declining phase (1992-1994).

J. GOSLING; D. LARIO; ET AL

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Cassini RTG Acceptance Test Results and RTG Performance on Galileo and Ulysses  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Flight acceptance testing has been completed for the RTGs to be used on the Cassini spacecraft which is scheduled for an October 6, 1997 launch to Saturn. The acceptance test program includes vibration tests, magnetic field measurements, properties (weight and c.g.) and thermal vacuum test. This paper presents The thermal vacuum test results. Three RTGs are to be used, F 2, F 6, and F 7. F 5 is tile back up RTG, as it was for the Galileo and Ulysses missions launched in 1989 and 1990, respectively. RTG performance measured during the thermal vacuum tests carried out at die Mound Laboratory facility met all specification requirements. Beginning of mission (BOM) and end of mission (EOM) power predictions have been made based on than tests results. BOM power is predicted to be 888 watts compared to the minimum requirement of 826 watts. Degradation models predict the EOM power after 16 years is to be 640 watts compared to a minimum requirement of 596 watts. Results of small scale module tests are also showing. The modules contain couples from the qualification and flight production runs. The tests have exceeded 28,000 hours (3.2 years) and are continuing to provide increased confidence in the predicted long term performance of the Cassini RTGs. All test results indicate that the power requirements of the Cassini spacecraft will be met. BOM and EOM power margins of over five percent are predicted. Power output from telemetry for the two Galileo RTGs are shown from the 1989 launch to the recent Jupiter encounter. Comparisons of predicted, measured and required performance are shown. Telemetry data are also shown for the RTG on the Ulysses spacecraft which completed its planned mission in 1995 and is now in the extended mission.

Kelly, C. E.; Klee, P. M.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

POSSIBLE EVIDENCE FOR A FISK-TYPE HELIOSPHERIC MAGNETIC FIELD. I. ANALYZING ULYSSES/KET ELECTRON OBSERVATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The propagation of energetic charged particles in the heliospheric magnetic field is one of the fundamental problems in heliophysics. In particular, the structure of the heliospheric magnetic field remains an unsolved problem and is discussed as a controversial topic. The first successful analytic approach to the structure of the heliospheric magnetic field was the Parker field. However, the measurements of the Ulysses spacecraft at high latitudes revealed the possible need for refinements of the existing magnetic field model during solar minimum. Among other reasons, this led to the development of the Fisk field. This approach is highly debated and could not be ruled out with magnetic field measurements so far. A promising method to trace this magnetic field structure is to model the propagation of electrons in the energy range of a few MeV. Employing three-dimensional and time-dependent simulations of the propagation of energetic electrons, this work shows that the influence of a Fisk-type field on the particle transport in the heliosphere leads to characteristic variations of the electron intensities on the timescale of a solar rotation. For the first time it is shown that the Ulysses count rates of 2.5-7 MeV electrons contain the imprint of a Fisk-type heliospheric magnetic field structure. From a comparison of simulation results and the Ulysses count rates, realistic parameters for the Fisk theory are derived. Furthermore, these parameters are used to investigate the modeled relative amplitudes of protons and electrons, including the effects of drifts.

Sternal, O.; Heber, B.; Kopp, A. [Institut fuer Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Christian-Albrechts-Universitaet zu Kiel, Leibnizstr. 11, 24118 Kiel (Germany); Engelbrecht, N. E.; Burger, R. A.; Ferreira, S. E. S.; Potgieter, M. S. [Center for Space Research, North-West University, 2520 Potchefstroom, South Africa. (South Africa); Fichtner, H.; Scherer, K., E-mail: oliver.sternal@rub.de [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum- und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany. (Germany)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Potential health risks from postulated accidents involving the Pu-238 RTG (radioisotope thermoelectric generator) on the Ulysses solar exploration mission  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Potential radiation impacts from launch of the Ulysses solar exploration experiment were evaluated using eight postulated accident scenarios. Lifetime individual dose estimates rarely exceeded 1 mrem. Most of the potential health effects would come from inhalation exposures immediately after an accident, rather than from ingestion of contaminated food or water, or from inhalation of resuspended plutonium from contaminated ground. For local Florida accidents (that is, during the first minute after launch), an average source term accident was estimated to cause a total added cancer risk of up to 0.2 deaths. For accidents at later times after launch, a worldwide cancer risk of up to three cases was calculated (with a four in a million probability). Upper bound estimates were calculated to be about 10 times higher. 83 refs.

Goldman, M. (California Univ., Davis, CA (USA)); Nelson, R.C. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (USA)); Bollinger, L. (Air Force Inspection and Safety Center, Kirtland AFB, NM (USA)); Hoover, M.D. (Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Inst., Albuquerque, NM (USA). Inhalation Toxicology Research Inst.); Templeton, W. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Anspaugh, L. (Lawren

1990-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

15

United States Renewable Energy Technical Potential <br>  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United States Renewable Energy Technical Potential <br> 2012-07-03T20:56:33Z 2012-07-19T22:42:54Z I am submitting data from researchers within my organization. To complete the...

16

Post-encapsulation plutonia reduction for Galileo and Ulysses GPHS modules: The Module Reduction and Monitoring Facility (MRMF)  

SciTech Connect

In heat source systems of the type C/Ir/PuO{sub 2}, ingrowth of CO and CO{sub 2} is evident. This is due to a cyclical reaction between the C and PuO{sub 2} constituents. Gas tap results show that repeated exchanges using a pure inert gas backfill reduces the CO/CO{sub 2} ingrowth rate. Also, the temperature experienced during Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) processing reduces further the effect such that normal RTG storage temperatures do not result in this deleterious effect. A 36-station vacuum/inert gas manifold has been developed at Mound Facility to serve as a Module Reduction and Monitoring Facility (MRMF) for up to 68 GPHS-type heat source modules. This method of storage effectively prevented atmospheric contamination of modules while reducing the CO/CO{sub 2} ingrowth rate. This paper describes in detail the theoretical, practical, facility, and quality/reliability aspects of this processing facility that has supported the Galileo and Ulysses RTG programs. 5 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Johnson, E.W. (Lamb Associates, Inc., Rockville, MD (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Electron sources utilizing thin CsBr coatings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present experimental results obtained in solid Cu targets coated with ~18nm thick CsBr films operating in a reflection mode. The results indicate a factor of 50X increase in quantum efficiency relative to uncoated Cu samples. The CsBr/Cu samples are ... Keywords: Alkali halides, CsBr, Electron sources, Free electron lasers, Multi electron beam tools, Photocathodes

Juan R. Maldonado; Zhi Liu; D. H. Dowell; Robert E. Kirby; Yun Sun; Piero Pianetta; Fabian Pease

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

THREE-DIMENSIONAL FEATURES OF THE OUTER HELIOSPHERE DUE TO COUPLING BETWEEN THE INTERSTELLAR AND INTERPLANETARY MAGNETIC FIELDS. IV. SOLAR CYCLE MODEL BASED ON ULYSSES OBSERVATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solar cycle has a profound influence on the solar wind (SW) interaction with the local interstellar medium (LISM) on more than one timescales. Also, there are substantial differences in individual solar cycle lengths and SW behavior within them. The presence of a slow SW belt, with a variable latitudinal extent changing within each solar cycle from rather small angles to 90 Degree-Sign , separated from the fast wind that originates at coronal holes substantially affects plasma in the inner heliosheath (IHS)-the SW region between the termination shock (TS) and the heliopause (HP). The solar cycle may be the reason why the complicated flow structure is observed in the IHS by Voyager 1. In this paper, we show that a substantial decrease in the SW ram pressure observed by Ulysses between the TS crossings by Voyager 1 and 2 contributes significantly to the difference in the heliocentric distances at which these crossings occurred. The Ulysses spacecraft is the source of valuable information about the three-dimensional and time-dependent properties of the SW. Its unique fast latitudinal scans of the SW regions make it possible to create a solar cycle model based on the spacecraft in situ measurements. On the basis of our analysis of the Ulysses data over the entire life of the mission, we generated time-dependent boundary conditions at 10 AU from the Sun and applied our MHD-neutral model to perform a numerical simulation of the SW-LISM interaction. We analyzed the global variations in the interaction pattern, the excursions of the TS and the HP, and the details of the plasma and magnetic field distributions in the IHS. Numerical results are compared with Voyager data as functions of time in the spacecraft frame. We discuss solar cycle effects which may be reasons for the recent decrease in the TS particles (ions accelerated to anomalous cosmic-ray energies) flux observed by Voyager 1.

Pogorelov, N. V.; Zank, G. P. [Department of Physics, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States); Suess, S. T. [National Space Science and Technology Center, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States); Borovikov, S. N. [Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research, University of Alabama in Huntsville, 320 Sparkman Dr., Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States); Ebert, R. W.; McComas, D. J., E-mail: np0002@uah.edu [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX 78227 (United States)

2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

19

High energy XeBr electric discharge laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high energy XeBr laser for producing coherent radiation at 282 nm. The XeBr laser utilizes an electric discharge as the excitation source to minimize formation of molecular ions thereby minimizing absorption of laser radiation by the active medium. Additionally, HBr is used as the halogen donor which undergoes harpooning reactions with Xe.sub.M * to form XeBr*.

Sze, Robert C. (Santa Fe, NM); Scott, Peter B. (Los Alamos, NM)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

CsBr/GaN Heterojunction Photoelectron Source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experimental results on a new CsBr/GaN heterojunction photocathode structure are presented. The results indicate a fourfold improvement in photoyield relative to CsBr/Cr photocathodes. A model is presented based on intraband states in CsBr and electron injection from the GaN (with 1% addition of indium) substrate to explain the observed photoyield enhancement. The photocathode lifetime at high current density (>40 A/cm{sup 2}) is limited by laser heating of the small illuminated area. Calculations are presented for sapphire and diamond substrates, indicating a factor of 20 reduction in temperature for the latter. The results are encouraging for the realization of a high photoyield photocathode operating at high current density with long lifetime.

Maldonado, J.R.; /Stanford U., Elect. Eng. Dept.; Liu, Z.; Sun, Y.; /SLAC, SSRL; Schuetter, S.; /Wisconsin U., Madison; Pianetta, P.; /SLAC, SSRL; Pease, R.F.W.; /Stanford U., Elect. Eng. Dept.

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ulysses br anch" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Apparatus for improving the working time of the XeBr laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In XeBr lasers which make use of HBr as the source of bromine, it has been found that the working life of the laser is limited because of dissociation of the HBr in the lasing region to form H/sub 2/ and Br/sub 2/. Accordingly, apparatus is disclosed for substantially improving the working time of the XeBr laser wherein means are provided for recombining H/sub 2/ and Br/sub 2/ into HBr and for continuously circulating the gaseous working medium from the lasing region through the recombination region.

Sander, R.K.; Balog, G.; Seegmiller, E.T.

1980-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

22

Apparatus for improving the working time of the XeBr laser  

SciTech Connect

In XeBr lasers which make use of HBr as the source of bromine, it has been found that the working life of the laser is limited because of dissociation of the HBr in the lasing region to form H.sub.2 and Br.sub.2. Accordingly, apparatus is disclosed for substantially improving the working time of the XeBr laser wherein means are provided for recombining H.sub.2 and Br.sub.2 into HBr and for continuously circulating the gaseous working medium from the lasing region through the recombination region. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Sander, Robert K. (Los Alamos, MN); Balog, George (Los Alamos, MN); Seegmiller, Emma T. (Los Alamos, MN)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Performance of LiAlloy/Ag(2)CrO(4) Couples in Molten CsBr-LiBr-KBr Eutectic  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The performance of Li-alloy/CsBr-LiBr-KBr/Ag{sub 2}CrO{sub 4} systems was studied over a temperature range of 250 C to 300 C, for possible use as a power source for geothermal borehole applications. Single cells were discharged at current densities of 15.8 and 32.6 mA/cm{sup 2} using Li-Si and Li-Al anodes. When tested in 5-cell batteries, the Li-Si/CsBr-LiBr-KBr/Ag{sub 2}CrO{sub 4} system exhibited thermal runaway. Thermal analytical tests showed that the Ag{sub 2}CrO{sub 4} cathode reacted exothermically with the electrolyte on activation. Consequently, this system would not be practical for the envisioned geothermal borehole applications.

GUIDOTTI,RONALD A.; REINHARDT,FREDERICK W.

1999-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

24

Characterization of the LiSi/CsBr-LiBr-KBr/FeS(2) System for Potential Use as a Geothermal Borehole Power Source  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We are continuing to study the suitability of modified thermal-battery technology as a potential power source for geothermal borehole applications. Previous work focused on the LiSi/FeS{sub 2} couple over a temperature range of 350 C to 400 C with the LiBr-KBr-LiF eutectic, which melts at 324.5 C. In this work, the discharge processes that take place in LiSi/CsBr-LiBr-KBr eutectic/FeS{sub 2} thermal cells were studied at temperatures between 250 C and 400 C using pelletized cells with immobilized electrolyte. The CsBr-LiBr-KBr eutectic was selected because of its lower melting point (228.5 C). Incorporation of a quasi-reference electrode allowed the determination of the relative contribution of each electrode to the overall cell polarization. The results of single-cell tests and limited battery tests are presented, along with preliminary data for battery stacks tested in a simulated geothermal borehole environment.

GUIDOTTI, RONALD A.; REINHARDT, FREDERICK W.

1999-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

25

ACCORDO QUADRO UNIVERSITA' DEGLI STUDI DI GENOVA (di seguito anche "l'Universit"), codice fiscale e  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fiscale e partita iva 00754150100, con sede legale in Genova, Via Balbi 5, rappresentata dal Magnifico

Genova, Università degli Studi di

26

BIG RU N INDIANA LAKESHORE RUN E LUMBER CIT Y WARSAW JOHNST  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

RU RU N INDIANA LAKESHORE RUN E LUMBER CIT Y WARSAW JOHNST OWN BU RNSIDE MILLSTONE FROSTBUR G JUN EAU PLU MVILLE CHERRY HILL KAN E BOSWELL MAR ION CENT ER CREEKSIDE SALTSBUR G POINT N BLAIR SVILL E COU NCIL RU N SIGEL LEWISVILLE BEAR C REEK AR MBRUST OHIOPYLE HALLT ON BR OOKVILLE MAR KTON NOL O RAT HMEL COR SICA MAR CHAND SMIC KSBU RG HOWE APOLLO SEVEN SPRIN GS YAT ESBORO MCNEES LUCIND A GEORGE PIN EY LEEPER TIMBLIN WILL ET FERGUSON CLIMAX PANIC DAVY HILL TIDIOUT E GRAMPIAN SLIGO ROC KVI LLE MAYFIELD VANDERGRIF T GIRT Y SAY NEW SALEM WET MOR E COWANSHAN NOC K ST ILLWAT ER ELD ERS RIDGE BLAIR CARROLLT OWN BU RNIN G WELL COOKPORT MCCREA FU RNACE RIDGWAY NEW ALEXANDR IA IRISH RU N WILC OX PLU M CREEK PADDYTOWN KEATING HOR TON GUF FEY WH ITESBURG BET ULA SMELTZ ER ODONN ELL DECAT UR W HAZELHU RST ST RONGSTOWN COL EGROVE SH EFFIELD WERT Z H OLLOW RED HILL ULYSSES PLATT SVIL LE BR ANCH W LATR OBE LEID Y TRIU

27

Br-rich Tips of Calcified Crab Claws are Less Hard but More Fracture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Br-rich Tips of Calcified Crab Claws are Br-rich Tips of Calcified Crab Claws are Less Hard but More Fracture Resistant: A Comparison of Mineralized and Heavy-element Biological Materials figure 1 Figure 1. The heavy element biomaterial is the darker material at the tip of the shore crab claws. Figure "b" shows the same claw as "a" but after bead blasting. The claw tips are less eroded by the bead blasting than surrounding calcified material, suggesting a greater resistance to chipping from impact. Scale bar: 2mm Invertebrates modify their jaws, claws, carapaces and other mechanical structures with a variety of inorganic materials. One of the best-known examples is the calcified cuticle of crabs. We have found that many crabs also employ an uncalcified bromine-rich biological material at the tips of

28

Investigation into Nanostructured Lanthanum Halides and CeBr{sub 3} for Nuclear Radiation Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This slide-show presents work on radiation detection with nanostructured lanthanum halides and CeBr{sub 3}. The goal is to extend the gamma energy response on both low and high-energy regimes by demonstrating the ability to detect low-energy x-rays and relatively high-energy activation prompt gamma rays simultaneously using the nano-structured lanthanum bromide, lanthanum fluoride, cerium bromide, or other nanocrystal material. Homogeneous and nano structure cases are compared.

Guss, P., Guise, R., Mukhopadhyay, S., Yuan, D.

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

29

Spin polarized current injection through HgBr{sub 2} intercalated Bi2212 intrinsic Josephson junctions.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To investigate the effect of polarized current on tunneling characteristics of intrinsic Josephson junctions (IJJs), spin-polarized and spin-degenerate current have been injected through the c-axis of HgBr{sub 2} intercalated Bi{sub 2.1}Sr{sub 1.5}Ca{sub 1.4}Cu{sub 2}O{sub 8+delta} (Bi2212) single crystals on which 10 times 10 mum{sup 2} mesas have been fabricated. These two spin conditions are achieved by depositing either Au (15 nm)/Co (80 nm)/Au (156 nm) multilayers or single Au film on HgBr{sub 2} intercalated Bi2212 with T{sub c} = 74 K followed by photolithography and Ar ion beam etching. The I-V characteristics have been measured with and without a magnetic field parallel to c-axis at 4.2 K. A fine, soft Au wire is used to make a gentle mechanical contact on the top of a particular mesa in the array. Tunneling conductance characteristics were obtained and the magnetic field dependence of sumgap voltage peaks was investigated. These peaks do not change in position with increasing magnetic field for both contact configurations. In addition, the temperature dependence of tunneling characteristics of the IJJs are obtained and existence of pseudogap feature is observed above T{sub c} for HgBr{sub 2} intercalated Bi2212.

Ozyuzer, L.; Kurter, C.; Ozdemir, M.; Zasadzinski, J. F.; Gray, K. E.; Hinks, D. G. (Materials Science Division); (Izmir Inst. of Tech.); (Illinois Inst. of Tech.)

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Measurement of ratio R = (BR(D{sup 0}{yields}K{pi}{pi}{pi})/BR(D{sup 0}{yields}K{pi})) in {pi}{sup -}-Nucleus interactions at 500 GeV/c  

SciTech Connect

We report a very preliminary result on the measurement of the ratio of branching ratios, for two decays D{sup 0} meson, R = (BR(D{sup 0}{yields}K{pi}{pi}{pi})/BR(D{sup 0}{yields}K{pi})), using data from the E791 experiment. We find R = 1.96{+-}0.0286 (stat){+-}0.06 (sys). This is in agreement with and of similar precision to the current PDG average value 1.97{+-}0.09.

Solano Salinas, C. J. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de Ingenieria (Peru); CINVESTAV Merida (Mexico); Paucarchuco, C. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de Ingenieria (Peru); Fernandez, A. [Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla (Mexico); Sheaff, M. [University of Wisconsin (United States)

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

31

Vibrational, rotational, and isotopic dependence of CaBr X/sup 2/. sigma. spin-rotational and HFS parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The previously published molecular-beam, laser-rf, double-resonance study of the rotational and isotopic dependences of the spin-rotational and hyperfine interactions in the v'' = 0, X/sup 2/..sigma.. state of CaBr is supplemented here with data for v''=1. The vibrational dependence of the parameters is now obtained. The results for CaBr are displayed along with analogous, previously published results for CaF and CaCl.

Childs, W.J.; Cok, D.R.; Goodman, L.S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region MW K Coso Geothermal Area Coso Geothermal Area Walker Lane...

33

Spin density distribution in CrCl/sub 3/ and CrBr/sub 3/  

SciTech Connect

The magnetization distribution in the layered ionic compounds CrCl/sub 3/ and CrBr/sub 3/ has been studied using polarized neutron diffraction. The results show that in both compounds approx. 20% of the magnetic moment is not located in 3d- like orbitals centered on the chromium ions. This reduction of the 3d moment sets a lower limit (A/sub ..pi..//sup 2/ > .04) on the square of the covalent admixture parameter. The spatial distribution of the delocalized moment has been studied by Fourier techniques which indicate a significant moment density between chromium ions in the chromium layers.

Brown, P.J.; Ziebeck, K.R.A.; Radhakrishna, P.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Operation features of a longitudinal-capacitive-discharge-pumped CuBr laser  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The frequency and energy characteristics of a capacitive-discharge-pumped CuBr laser are investigated. Processes proceeding in the discharge circuit of lasers pumped in this way, in particular, pumped without an external storage capacitor are analysed. It is shown that, depending on the pumping circuit, laser levels are excited either during the charge current flow or during the discharge of electrode capacitances. The differences in the influence of the active HBr addition on the characteristics of the discharge and lasing compared to the case of a usual repetitively pulsed high-current discharge with internal electrodes are established. (lasers)

Gubarev, F A; Shiyanov, D V [V.E. Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Evtushenko, Gennadii S [Tomsk Polytechnical University, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Sukhanov, V B

2010-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

35

Investigation into Nanostructured Lanthanum Halides and CeBr3 for Nuclear Radiation Detection  

SciTech Connect

Nanocomposites may enable the use of scintillator materials such as cerium-doped lanthanum fluoride (LaF3:Ce) and cerium bromide (CeBr3) without requiring the growth of large crystals [1]. Nanostructured detectors may allow us to engineer immensely sized detectors of flexible form factors that will have a broad energy range and an energy resolution sufficient to perform isotopic identification. Furthermore, nanocomposites are easy to prepare and very low in cost. It is much less costly to use nanocomposites rather than grow large whole crystals of scintillator materials; with nanocomposites fabricated on an industrial scale, costs are even less. Nanostructured radiation scintillator detectors may improve quantum efficiency and provide vastly improved detector form factors. Quantum efficiencies up to 60% have been seen in photoluminescence from silicon nanocrystals in a densely-packed ensemble [2]. We have fabricated nanoparticles with sizes <10 nm and characterized their nanocomposite radiation detector properties. This work investigates the properties of the nanostructured radiation scintillator in order to extend the gamma energy response on both low- and high-energy regimes by demonstrating the ability to detect low-energy x-rays and relatively high-energy activation prompt gamma rays simultaneously using nanostructured lanthanum bromide, lanthanum fluoride, or CeBr3. Preliminary results of this investigation are consistent with a significant response of these materials to nuclear radiation.

Guss, P. P., Guise, R., Mukhopadhyay, S., Yuan, D.

2011-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

36

The impact of water flow configuration on crystallisation in LiBr/H2O absorption water heater  

SciTech Connect

Lithium Bromide (LiBr) strong solution entering the absorber tends to crystallise when the absorber temperature is increased for a fixed evaporating pressure. This is considered the key technical barrier for the development of a LiBr absorption heat pump water heater. There are several approaches to avoid the crystallisation problem, such as chemical crystallisation inhibitors, heat and mass transfer enhancement and thermodynamic cycle modification. This paper investigates and compares two flow configurations of LiBr absorption heat pump water heater to evaluate the allowable operating conditions for each. The simulation results indicated that introducing the process water through the absorber first results in lower absorber temperature and hence less tendency for crystallisation.

Wang, Kai [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Comparison of LaBr3:Ce and NaI(Tl) Scintillators for Radio-Isotope Identification Devices  

SciTech Connect

Lanthanum halide (LaBr3:Ce) scintillators offer significantly better resolution (<3 percent at 662 kilo-electron volt [keV]) relative to sodium iodide (NaI(Tl)) and have recently become commercially available in sizes large enough for the hand-held radio-isotope identification device (RIID) market. There are drawbacks to lanthanum halide detectors, however. These include internal radioactivity that contributes to spectral counts and a low-energy response that can cause detector resolution to be lower than that of NaI(Tl) below 100 keV. To study the potential of this new material for RIIDs, we performed a series of measurements comparing a 1.5?1.5 inch LaBr?3:Ce detector with an Exploranium GR 135 RIID, which contains a 1.5-2.2 inch NaI(Tl) detector. Measurements were taken for short time frames, as typifies RIID usage. Measurements included examples of naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM), typically found in cargo, and special nuclear materials. Some measurements were noncontact, involving short distances or cargo shielding scenarios. To facilitate direct comparison, spectra from the different detectors were analyzed with the same isotope identification software (ORTEC ScintiVision TM). In general, the LaBr3:Ce detector was able to find more peaks and find them faster than the NaI(Tl) detector. To the same level of significance, the LaBr3:Ce detector was usually two to three times faster. The notable exception was for 40K containing NORM where interfering internal contamination in the LaBr3:Ce detector exist. NaI(Tl) consistently outperformed LaBr3:Ce for this important isotope. LaBr3:Ce currently costs much more than NaI(Tl), though this cost-difference is expected to diminish (but not completely) with time. As is true of all detectors, LaBr3:Ce will need to be gain-stabilized for RIID applications. This could possibly be done using the internal contaminants themselves. It is the experience of the authors that peak finding software in RIIDs needs to be improved, regardless of the detector material.

Milbrath, Brian D.; Choate, Bethany J.; Fast, Jim E.; Hensley, Walter K.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Schweppe, John E.

2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

38

ULYSSES BEGINS EXPLORATION OF THE SUN'S NORTHERN POLE The Ulysses spacecraft has begun to explore the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

latitudes. At that time, during the peak of the Sun's 11-year solar cycle, scientists expect to find the Sun at different latitudes. Most notably, solar winds at high southern latitudes traveled at roughly double the speed found in the equatorial zone. The solar winds flow at approximately two million miles

Christian, Eric

39

LiCl Dehumidifier LiBr absorption chiller hybrid air conditioning system with energy recovery  

SciTech Connect

This invention relates to a hybrid air conditioning system that combines a solar powered LiCl dehumidifier with a LiBr absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier removes the latent load by absorbing moisture from the air, and the sensible load is removed by the absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier is coupled to a regenerator and the desiccant in the regenerator is heated by solar heated hot water to drive the moisture therefrom before being fed back to the dehumidifier. The heat of vaporization expended in the desiccant regenerator is recovered and used to partially preheat the driving fluid of the absorption chiller, thus substantially improving the overall COP of the hybrid system.

Ko, Suk M. (Huntsville, AL)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Robust CsBr/Cu Photocathodes for the Linac Coherent Light Source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The linac coherent light source (LCLS), an x-ray free-electron laser project presently under construction at SLAC, uses a 2.856 GHz rf photocathode gun with a copper cathode for its electron source. While the copper cathode is performing well for the LCLS project, a cathode material with higher quantum efficiency would reduce the drive laser requirements and allow a greater range of operating conditions. Therefore a robust CsBr/Cu photocathode with greater than 50 times the quantum yield at 257 nm relative to the present LCLS copper cathode has been investigated. Preliminary experiments using a dedicated electron source development test stand at SLAC/SSRL are encouraging and are presented in this paper.

Maldonado, Juan R.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Liu, Zhi; Dowell, D.H.; Kirby, Robert E.; Sun, Yun; Pianetta, Piero; /SLAC; Pease, Fabian; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2011-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ulysses br anch" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Response of a LaBr3(Ce) Detector to 2-11 MeV Gamma Rays  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The development of lanthanum halide scintillation detectors has great potential application in field-portable prompt-gamma neutron activation analysis systems. Because the low-energy response of these detectors has already been well-characterized [1[-[2], we have measured their response to higher energy gamma rays in the region between 2 and 11 MeV. We have measured the response of a 2-inch (5.08 cm) by 2-inch long LaBr3(Ce) detector to high energy gamma rays produced by neutron interactions on chlorine, hydrogen, iron, nitrogen, phosphorous, and sulfur. The response of the LaBr3(Ce) detector is compared to that of HPGe and NaI(Tl) detectors.

Not Available

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Fluid mixing during deposition of bedded-replacement (BR) deposits in the Illinois-Kentucky fluorspar district  

SciTech Connect

The Illinois-Kentucky(IK) district is unusual by comparison to other Mississippi Valley-type (MVT) districts in the central US in that it contains fluorspar mineralization primarily, with subordinate quantities of base metals. This mineralization occurs as vein, BR, and breccia-hosted deposits. A clearly discernible paragenetic sequence of color banded fluorite sulfides, carbonates, and sulfates is present in BR deposits in three sub-districts: Cave-in-Rock, Harris Creek, and Carrsville. Homogenization temperatures (T[sub b]) and salinities of fluids in fluorite show that BR deposits formed from at least three fluids, a lower temperature-higher salinity connate fluid (F1) and a higher temperature-lower salinity connate fluid (F2) that mixed at the site of deposition. These fluids were followed by a lower temperature-lower salinity meteoric dominated fluid (F3). The involvement of two distinct regional fluids: a lower temperature, more-saline fluid, and a warmer, less-saline fluid, during mineralization of MVT deposits has previously been recognized for Pb-Zn deposits in southeast Missouri (Shelton et al., 1992), and east Tennessee (Zimmerman and Kesler, 1981; Taylor et al. 1983).

Spry, P.G.; Fuhrmann, G.D. (Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Geological Atmospheric Sciences)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Photochemistry in a dense manifold of electronic states: Photodissociation of CH{sub 2}ClBr  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report electronically nonadiabatic dynamics calculations including spin-orbit coupling for the photodissociation of CH{sub 2}ClBr to yield Cl({sup 2}P{sub 3/2}), Cl({sup 2}P{sub 1/2}), Br({sup 2}P{sub 3/2}), and Br({sup 2}P{sub 1/2}). The potential energy is a 24 Multiplication-Sign 24 matrix (divided up here into four 6 Multiplication-Sign 6 blocks in a first approximation to the problem), in a spin-coupled fully diabatic representation obtained by combining the spin-free fourfold way with single-center spin-orbit coupling constants. The spin-free calculations are carried out by multiconfiguration quasidegenerate perturbation theory, and the fully diabatic potentials including spin-orbit coupling are fit to a matrix reactive force field. The dynamics are carried out by the coherent switches with decay of mixing method in the diabatic representation. The results show qualitative agreement with experiment.

Valero, Rosendo [Department of Chemistry, University of Coimbra, Coimbra (Portugal); Truhlar, Donald G. [Department of Chemistry and Supercomputing Institute, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455-0431 (United States)

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

44

Nanostructured Lanthanum Halides and CeBr3 for Nuclear Radiation and Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scintillator materials are used to detect, and in some cases identify, gamma rays. Higher performance scintillators are expensive, hard to manufacture, fragile, and sometimes require liquid nitrogen or cooling engines. But whereas lower-quality scintillators are cheap, easy to manufacture, and more rugged, their performance is lower. At issue: can the desirable qualities of high-and low-performance scintillators be combined to achieve better performance at lower cost? Preliminary experiments show that a LaF{sub 3}:Ce oleic acid-based nanocomposite exhibits a photopeak when exposed to {sup 137}Cs source gamma-radiation. The chemical synthesis of the cerium-doped lanthanum halide nanoparticles are scalable and large quantities of material can be produced at a time, unlike typical crystal growth processes such as the Bridgeman process. Using a polymer composite (Figure 1), produced by LANL, initial measurements of the unloaded and 8% LaF{sub 3}:Ce-loaded sample have been made using {sup 137}Cs sources. Figure 2 shows an energy spectrum acquired for CeF{sub 3}. The lighter plot is the measured polymer-only spectrum and the black plot is the spectrum from the nanocomposite scintillator. As the development of this material continues, the energy resolution is expected to improve and the photopeak-to-Compton ratio will become greater at higher loadings. These measurements show the expected Compton edge in the polymer-only sample, and the Compton edge and photo-peak expected in the nanophosphor composites that LANL has produced. Using a porous VYCORR with CdSe/ZnS core shell quantum dots, Letant has demonstrated that he has obtained signatures of the 241Am photopeak with energy resolution as good at NaI (Figure 3). We begin with the fact that CeBr{sub 3} crystals do not have a self-activity component as strong as the lanthanum halides. The radioactive 0.090% {sup 138}La component of lanthanum leads to significant self-activity, which will be a problem for very large detector volumes. Yet a significant strength of the nanostructure detector concept is the ability to create extremely large detector volumes by mixing nanoparticles into a transparent matrix. This would argue for use of nanoparticles other than lanthanum halides. Nanocomposites are easy to prepare; it is much less costly to use nanocomposites than to grow large whole crystals of these materials. The material can be fabricated at an industrial scale, further reducing cost. This material potentially offers the performance of $300/cc material (e.g., lanthanum bromide) at a cost of $1/cc. Because the material acts as a plastic, it is rugged and flexible, and can be made in large sheets, increasing the sensitivity of a detector using it. It would operate at ambient temperatures. Very large volumes of detector may be produced at greatly reduced cost, enhancing the non-proliferation posture of the nation for the same dollar value.

Paul Guss, Sanjoy Mukhopadhyay, Ron Guise, Ding Yuan

2010-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

45

Photoelectron imaging of atomic chlorine and bromine following photolysis of CH{sub 2}BrCl  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photoionization of chlorine and bromine atoms following photodissociation of CH{sub 2}BrCl was studied in the wavelength range of 231-238 nm by photoelectron imaging technique. Final state-specific speed and angular distributions of the photoelectron were recorded. Analysis of relative branching ratios to different levels of Cl{sup +} and Br{sup +} revealed that the final ion level distributions are generally dominated by the preservation of the ion-core configuration of the intermediate resonant state. Some J{sub c} numbers of the intermediate states were newly assigned according to this regulation. The configuration interaction between resonant states and the autoionization in the continuum were also believed to play an important role in the ionization process since some ions that deviate from the regulation mentioned ahead were observed. The angular distributions of the electrons were found to be well characterized by {beta}{sub 2} and {beta}{sub 4}, although the ionization process of chlorine and bromine atoms involves three photons.

Hua Linqiang; Shen Huan; Hu Changjin; Zhang Bing [State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic and Molecular Physics, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071 (China) and Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China)

2008-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

46

Modification of LiCl-LiBr-KBr electrolyte for LiAl/FeS{sub 2} batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The bipolar LiAl/FeS{sub 2} battery is being developed to achieve the high performance and long cycle life needed for electric vehicle application. The molten-salt (400 to 440 C operation) electrolyte composition for this battery has evolved to support these objectives. An earlier change to LiCl-LiBr-KBr electrolyte is responsible for significantly increased cycle life (up to 1,000 cycles). Recent electrolyte modification has significantly improved cell performance; approximately 50% increased power, with increased high rate capacity utilization. Results are based on power-demanding EV driving profile test at 600 W/kg. The effects of adding small amounts (1--5 mol%) of LiF and LiI to LiCl-LiBr-KBr electrolyte are discussed. By cyclic voltammetry, the modified electrolytes exhibit improved FeS{sub 2} electrochemistry. Electrolyte conductivity is little changed, but high current density (200 mA/cm{sup 2}) performance improved by approximately 50%. A specific feature of the LiI addition is an enhanced cell overcharge tolerance rate from 2.5 to 5 mA/cm{sup 2}. The rate of overcharge tolerance is related to electrolyte properties and negative electrode lithium activity. As a result, the charge balancing of a bipolar battery configuration with molten-salt electrolyte is improved to accept greater cell-to-cell deviations.

Kaun, T.D.; Jansen, A.N.; Henriksen, G.L.; Vissers, D.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemical Technology Div.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Simulation and performance comparison of LiBr/H{sub 2}O triple-effect absorption cycles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Performance simulation has been carried out for several LiBr/H2O triple-effect cycles using the Absorption Simulation Model (ABSIM) . The systems investigated include the three-condenser-three-desorber (3C3D) cycle, forming an extension of the conventional double-effect cycle; and two cycles which additionally recover heat from the hot condensate leaving the highest temperature condenser by adding the heat to the lowest temperature desorber. These latter two cycles are called Double Condenser Coupled (DCC) cycles since each uses heat recovered from the highest temperature refrigerant to heat both the middle temperature desorber (heat of condensation) and the lowest temperature desorber (by further subcooling the condensed refrigerant), hence the ``double-coupling``. ABSIM, a modular computer code for simulation of absorption systems, was used to investigate the performances of each of the cycles and compare them on an equivalent basis. The performance simulation was carried out over a range of operating conditions, including some investigation into the influence of varying particular design parameters. Cooling coefficients of performance ranging from 1.27 for the series-flow 3C3D to 1.73 for the parallel-flow DCC have been calculated at the design point. Relative merits of these LiBr/H20 triple-effect cycle configurations are discussed.

DeVault, R.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Grossman, G.; Wilk, M. [Technion-Israel Inst. of Tech., Haifa (Israel). Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Hyperfine and spin--rotational structure of CaBr X /sup 2/. sigma. (v = 0) by molecular-beam laser-rf double resonance  

SciTech Connect

The molecular-beam, laser--rf, double-resonance technique has been used to make high-precision measurements of the spin--rotation and hyperfine interactions in the X /sup 2/..sigma.. (v = 0) electronic ground state of Ca/sup 79/Br and Ca/sup 81/Br. The spin--rotation interaction is found to have a strong N dependence. The Frosch--Foley magnetic hyperfine parameters b and c and the electric--quadrupole hfs parameter eqQ are determined for both molecules.

Childs, W.J.; Cok, D.R.; Goodman, G.L.; Goodman, L.S.

1981-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

49

The Synergism Between Heat and Mass Transfer Additive and Advanced Surfaces in Aqueous LiBr Horizontal Tube Absorbers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments were conducted in a laboratory to investigate the absorption of water vapor into a falling-film of aqueous lithium bromide (LiBr). A mini-absorber test stand was used to test smooth tubes and a variety of advanced tube surfaces placed horizontally in a single-row bundle. The bundle had six copper tubes; each tube had an outside diameter of 15.9-mm and a length of 0.32-m. A unique feature of the stand is its ability to operate continuously and support testing of LiBr brine at mass fractions {ge} 0.62. The test stand can also support testing to study the effect of the failing film mass flow rate, the coolant mass flow rate, the coolant temperature, the absorber pressure and the tube spacing. Manufacturers of absorption chillers add small quantities of a heat and mass transfer additive to improve the performance of the absorbers. The additive causes surface stirring which enhances the transport of absorbate into the bulk of the film. Absorption may also be enhanced with advanced tube surfaces that mechanically induce secondary flows in the falling film without increasing the thickness of the film. Several tube geometry's were identified and tested with the intent of mixing the film and renewing the interface with fresh solution from the tube wall. Testing was completed on a smooth tube and several different externally enhanced tube surfaces. Experiments were conducted over the operating conditions of 6.5 mm Hg absorber pressure, coolant temperatures ranging from 20 to 35 C and LiBr mass fractions ranging from 0.60 through 0.62. Initially the effect of tube spacing was investigated for the smooth tube surface, tested with no heat and mass transfer additive. Test results showed the absorber load and the mass absorbed increased as the tube spacing increased because of the improved wetting of the tube bundle. However, tube spacing was not a critical factor if heat and mass transfer additive was active in the mini-absorber. The additive dramatically affected the hydrodynamics of the falling film and a droplet flow regime was evident for testing at all tube spacings. The mechanical mixing of the advanced surfaces increased the mass transfer to about 75% of that observed on a smooth tube bundle, tested with heat and mass transfer additive. Testing with heat and mass transfer additive and advanced surfaces demonstrated a synergistic effect which doubled the mass absorbed from that observed with only the advanced surface. The overall film-side heat transfer coefficient for the advanced tube bundles doubled with the addition of 500-wppm of 2-ethyl-1- hexanol.

Miller, W.A.

1999-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

50

Incoherent interplane conductivity of {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interplane optical spectrum of the organic superconductor {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br was investigated in the frequency range from 40 to 40 000 cm{sup -1}. The optical conductivity was obtained by Kramers-Kronig analysis of the reflectance. The absence of a Drude peak at low frequency is consistent with incoherent conductivity but in apparent contradiction to the metallic temperature dependence of the dc resistivity. We set an upper limit to the interplane transfer integral of t{sub b}{sup 2}/t{sub ac}{approx}10{sup -7} eV. A model of defect-assisted interplane transport can account for this discrepancy. We also assign the phonon lines in the conductivity to the asymmetric modes of the BEDT-TTF molecule.

McGuire, J. J.; Room, T.; Pronin, A.; Timusk, T.; Schlueter, J. A.; Kelly, M. E.; Kini, A. M.

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Anisotropic thermopower of the organic superconductor. kappa. -(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermopower of the organic superconductor {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br single crystals has been measured in two crystallographic directions {bold a} and {bold c} within the most conducting organic donor molecule plane. (Here BEDT-TTF represents bis(ethylenethio)-tetrathiafulvalene.) While the thermopower in the {bold a} direction is positive, the thermopower in the {bold c} direction is negative. The drastic anisotropy in thermopower reveals that the carriers in the {bold a} direction are holelike, whereas the carriers in the {bold c} direction are electronlike. A calculation based on the tight-binding electronic band structure is able to describe the temperature dependence of the anisotropic thermopower, but with a much reduced band dispersion.

Yu, R.C. (Department of Physics and Material Research Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois (USA)); Williams, J.M.; Wang, H.H.; Thompson, J.E.; Kini, A.M.; Carlson, K.D. (Chemistry and Materials Science Divisions, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois (USA)); Ren, J.; Whangbo, M. (Department of Chemistry, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina (USA)); Chaikin, P.M. (Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (USA) Exxon Research and Engineering Company, Annandale, New Jersey (USA))

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Growing up in Karachi, Pakistan, Ayesha Muhammad br '14 excelled in the science and math courses that were the focus of her studies, but it was the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Growing up in Karachi, Pakistan, Ayesha Muhammad br '14 excelled in the science and math courses like Introduction to Art History and The Near East from Alexander to Muhammad," she said. "In Pakistan at an orphanage in Mexico. Looking ahead, Ayesha intends to earn her medical degree and work in rural Pakistan. "I

53

Two interesting features in the infrared and raman spectra of the 12K organic superconductor {chi}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

SciTech Connect

Two of the larger features in the infrared conductivity spectra of {chi}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br are analyzed and one is reassigned with the aid of infrared and Raman spectra of isotopically substituted compounds.

Eldridge, J.E.; Xie, Y. [British Columbia Univ., Vancouver, BC (Canada). Dept. of Physics; Wang, H.H.; Williams, J.M.; Kini, A.M.; Schlueter, J.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

54

Marker-Assisted Verification of Hybrids in Pearl Millet-Napiergrass (Pennisetum glaucum [L.] R. Br. x Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marker-Assisted Verification of Hybrids in Pearl Millet-Napiergrass (Pennisetum glaucum [L.] R. Br. x Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.). (December 2011) Charlie D. Dowling, III, B.S., College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Russell W. Jessup A high-biomass perennial grass that is directly seeded using existing farm equipment can reduce both planting and overall input costs. Three cytoplasmic male-sterile cms A-lines and four fertile genotypes of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum [L.] R. Br.) and one novel pearl millet selection from the Perennial Grass Breeding Program at Texas A&M University were selected to cross with napiergrass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.). The pearl millet parents were chosen based on characteristics such as basal tillering, plant height, and days to anthesis. Three napiergrass accessions from the Perennial Grass Breeding Program and the cultivar Merkeron were used as pollinators for these crosses. The cms and fertile pearl millet accessions produced full heads of seed when pollinated with napiergrass. There were a large range of seed sizes and weights for each hybrid family, and the seed were separated into four size classes. The weight differences from the largest to smallest class of seed varied by more than 30%. All of the seed classes germinated, and seed size, in this case, was completely unrelated to the ability to germinate. 100% germination was observed in five seed size classes for both PMN iv hybrids, and 90% germination was observed in three of the eight classes. Essentially all of the hybrid seed recovered from the original pearl millet x napiergrass crosses germinated, but all of the F 1 hybrids were sterile in that none of them produced viable seed. Flow cytometry could not be used to identify the hybrids because the DNA content of pearl millet and napiergrass were essentially the same even though distinct 2C and 4C peaks were seen from the diploid pearl millet. From the 58 EST-SSRs surveyed in the bulked segregate analysis, several were heterozygous dominant and many were homozygous dominant and hemizygous at its particular loci. Seven hemizygous EST-SSRs were identified for Merkeron, seven for PEPU09FL01, eight for PEPU09FL02, and six for PEPU09FL03. These markers are extremely valuable to any pearl millet x napiergrass hybridization program because they provide a means whereby the hybrids can be easily identified. Identification of hemizygous pearl millet markers will also assist in future DNA sequencing and also in a marker-assisted breeding program.

Dowling, Charlie

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Simulation and performance analysis of basic GAX and advanced GAX cycles with ammonia/water and ammonia/water/LiBr absorption fluids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The generator-absorber heat exchange (GAX) and branched GAX cycles are generally considered with NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O as their working fluid. The potential consequences of using a ternary mixture of NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O/LiBr (advanced fluids) in the GAX and Branched GAX (advanced cycles) are discussed in this study. A modular steady state absorption simulation model(ABSIM) was used to investigate the potential of combining the above advanced cycles with the advanced fluids. ABSIM is capable of modeling varying cycle configurations with different working fluids. Performance parameters of the cycles, including coefficient of performance (COP) and heat duties, were investigated as functions of different operating parameters in the cooling mode for both the NH {sub 3}/H{sub 2}O binary and the NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O/LiBr ternary mixtures. High performance potential of GAX and branched GAX cycles using the NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O/LiBr ternary fluid mixture was achieved especially at the high range of firing temperatures exceeding 400{degrees}F. The cooling COP`s have been improved by approximately 21% over the COP achieved with the NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O binary mixtures. These results show the potential of using advanced cycles with advanced fluid mixtures (ternary or quaternary fluid mixtures).

Zaltash, A.; Grossman, G.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region MW K Coso Geothermal Area Coso Geothermal Area Walker Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Pull Apart in Strike Slip Fault Zone Mesozoic Granitic MW K Dixie Valley Geothermal Area Dixie Valley Geothermal Area Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones major range front fault Jurassic Basalt MW K Geysers Geothermal Area Geysers Geothermal Area Holocene Magmatic Geothermal Region Pull Apart in Strike Slip Fault Zone intrusion margin and associated fractures MW K Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area Walker Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Displacement Transfer Zone Caldera Margin Quaternary Rhyolite MW K

57

ACCORDO QUADRO COMUNE DI GENOVA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Balbi 5, Genova; (qui di seguito denominate singolarmente anche "parte" e congiuntamente anche "parti

Genova, Università degli Studi di

58

Photoelectron spectroscopy of higher bromine and iodine oxide anions: Electron affinities and electronic structures of BrO2,3 and IO2-4 radicals.  

SciTech Connect

This report details a photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) investigation on electron affinities (EAs) and electronic structures of several atmospherically relevant higher bromine and iodine oxide molecules in the gas phase. PES spectra of BrO{sub 2}{sup -} and IO{sub 2}{sup -} were recorded at 12 K and four photon energies--355 nm/3.496 eV, 266 nm/4.661 eV, 193 nm/6.424 eV, and 157 nm/7.867 eV--while BrO{sub 3}{sup -}, IO{sub 3}{sup -}, and IO{sub 4}{sup -} were studied at 193 and 157 nm only due to their expected high electron binding energies. Spectral features corresponding to transitions from the anion ground state to the ground and excited states of the neutral are unraveled and resolved for each species. For the first time, EAs of these bromine and iodine oxides are experimentally determined (except for IO{sub 2}) to be 2.515 {+-} 0.010 (BrO{sub 2}), 2.575 {+-} 0.010 (IO{sub 2}), 4.60 {+-} 0.05 (BrO{sub 3}), 4.70 {+-} 0.05 (IO{sub 3}), and 6.05 {+-} 0.05 eV (IO{sub 4}). Three low-lying excited states with their respective excitation energies are obtained for BrO{sub 2} [1.69 (A {sup 2}B2), 1.79 (B {sup 2}A{sub 1}), 1.99 eV (C {sup 2}A{sub 2})], BrO{sub 3} [0.7 (A {sup 2}A{sub 2}), 1.6 (B {sup 2}E), 3.1 eV (C {sup 2}E)], and IO{sub 3} [0.60 (A {sup 2}A{sub 2}), 1.20 (B {sup 2}E), {approx}3.0 eV (C {sup 2}E)], whereas six excited states of IO{sub 2} are determined with the respective excitation energies of 1.63 (A {sup 2}B{sub 2}), 1.73 (B {sup 2}A{sub 1}), 1.83 (C {sup 2}A{sub 2}), 4.23 (D {sup 2}A{sub 1}), 4.63 (E {sup 2}B{sub 2}), and 5.23 eV (F {sup 2}B{sub 1}). Periodate possesses a very high electron binding energy. Only one excited state feature with 0.95 eV excitation energy is shown in the 157 nm spectrum. The obtained EAs and low-lying excited state information are compared with available theoretical calculations and discussed with their atmospheric implications.

Wen, Hui; Hou, Gaolei; Huang, Wei; Govind, Niranjan; Wang, Xue B.

2011-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

59

{sup 13}C NMR line-shape studies of the organic superconductor {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

SciTech Connect

The authors report {sup 13}C NMR line position, line shape, and spin-spin relaxation rate data for the quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductor {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br ({ital T}{sub {ital c}}=11.6 K), for an aligned single crystal. The data make possible identification of the crystallographic site responsible for the NMR lines, clarify a line broadening transition near 150 K, and probe the nature of the fluxoid lattice below {ital T}{sub {ital c}}. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

De Soto, S.M.; Slichter, C.P. [Department of Physics and Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801-3080 (United States); Kini, A.M.; Wang, H.H.; Geiser, U.; Williams, J.M. [Chemistry and Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Design and experimental testing of the performance of an outdoor LiBr/H{sub 2}O solar thermal absorption cooling system with a cold store  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A domestic-scale prototype experimental solar cooling system has been developed based on a LiBr/H{sub 2}O absorption system and tested during the 2007 summer and autumn months in Cardiff University, UK. The system consisted of a 12 m{sup 2} vacuum tube solar collector, a 4.5 kW LiBr/H{sub 2}O absorption chiller, a 1000 l cold storage tank and a 6 kW fan coil. The system performance, as well as the performances of the individual components in the system, were evaluated based on the physical measurements of the daily solar radiation, ambient temperature, inlet and outlet fluid temperatures, mass flow rates and electrical consumption by component. The average coefficient of thermal performance (COP) of the system was 0.58, based on the thermal cooling power output per unit of available thermal solar energy from the 12 m{sup 2} Thermomax DF100 vacuum tube collector on a hot sunny day with average peak insolation of 800 W/m{sup 2} (between 11 and 13.30 h) and ambient temperature of 24 C. The system produced an electrical COP of 3.6. Experimental results prove the feasibility of the new concept of cold store at this scale, with chilled water temperatures as low as 7.4 C, demonstrating its potential use in cooling domestic scale buildings. (author)

Agyenim, Francis; Knight, Ian; Rhodes, Michael [The Welsh School of Architecture, Bute Building, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff University, Cardiff, CF10 3NB Wales (United Kingdom)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ulysses br anch" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Estimation of steady-state and transcient power distributions for the RELAP analyses of the 1963 loss-of-flow and loss-of-pressure tests at BR2.  

SciTech Connect

To support the safety analyses required for the conversion of the Belgian Reactor 2 (BR2) from highly-enriched uranium (HEU) to low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel, the simulation of a number of loss-of-flow tests, with or without loss of pressure, has been undertaken. These tests were performed at BR2 in 1963 and used instrumented fuel assemblies (FAs) with thermocouples (TC) imbedded in the cladding as well as probes to measure the FAs power on the basis of their coolant temperature rise. The availability of experimental data for these tests offers an opportunity to better establish the credibility of the RELAP5-3D model and methodology used in the conversion analysis. In order to support the HEU to LEU conversion safety analyses of the BR2 reactor, RELAP simulations of a number of loss-of-flow/loss-of-pressure tests have been undertaken. Preliminary analyses showed that the conservative power distributions used historically in the BR2 RELAP model resulted in a significant overestimation of the peak cladding temperature during the transient. Therefore, it was concluded that better estimates of the steady-state and decay power distributions were needed to accurately predict the cladding temperatures measured during the tests and establish the credibility of the RELAP model and methodology. The new approach ('best estimate' methodology) uses the MCNP5, ORIGEN-2 and BERYL codes to obtain steady-state and decay power distributions for the BR2 core during the tests A/400/1, C/600/3 and F/400/1. This methodology can be easily extended to simulate any BR2 core configuration. Comparisons with measured peak cladding temperatures showed a much better agreement when power distributions obtained with the new methodology are used.

Dionne, B.; Tzanos, C. P. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

62

80 K anomaly and its effect on the superconducting and magnetic transition in deuterated {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we report careful transport and magnetic measurements on single crystals of deuterated {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br. By cooling the sample at different rates, it is found that cooling through 80K has a dramatic effect on the normal state metal-insulator transition and the superconducting transition temperatures. In-plane resistivity depends strongly on the cooling rate for temperatures below 80K, above which all resistivity curves cooled at different rates converge. By comparing it with the nondeuterated salt and the quasi-1D Bechgaard salt, we speculate that 80K corresponds to a structural phase transition in the anion chain. Fast cooling through 80K will freeze the high temperature magnetic phase to low temperatures and the presence of local magnetic moments suppresses the superconducting T{sub c}. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

Su, X.; Zuo, F. [Department of Physics, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33124 (United States); Schlueter, J.A.; Kini, A.M.; Williams, J.M. [Chemistry and Materials Science Divisions, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

{sup 13}C NMR studies of the normal and superconducting states of the organic superconductor {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors report {sup 13}C NMR spin-lattice relaxation rates 1/{ital T}{sub 1} and Knight shifts {ital K}{sub {ital S}} in the quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductor {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br ({ital T}{sub {ital c}}=11.6 K), for an aligned single crystal. The normal-state behavior is reminiscent of the high-{ital T}{sub {ital c}} cuprates, in which antiferromagnetic fluctuations and spin-gap behavior dominate. In the superconducting state, the data rule out the BCS electron-phonon mechanism as the source of the superconductivity, but support an unconventional pairing state with possible nodes in the gap function.

De Soto, S.M.; Slichter, C.P. [Department of Physics and Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801-3080 (United States); Kini, A.M.; Wang, H.H.; Geiser, U.; Williams, J.M. [Chemistry and Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Ion-pairing in aqueous CaCl2 and RbBr solutions: simultaneous structural refinement of XAFS and XRD data  

SciTech Connect

We present a new methodology involving the simultaneous refinement of both x-ray absorption and x-ray diffraction spectra (X-ray Absorption/Diffraction Structural Refinement,XADSR), to study hydration and ion pair structure of CaCl2 and RbBr salts in concentrated aqueous solutions. The XADSR analysis includes the XAFS spectra analysis of both the cation and anion as a probe of their short-range structure with an XRD spectral analysis as a probe of the global structural. Together they deliver a comprehensive picture of the cation and anion hydration, the contact ion pair (CIP) structure and the solvent-separated ion pair (SSIP) structure. XADSR analysis of 6.0 m aqueous CaCl2 reveals that there are an insignificant number of Ca2+-Cl- CIP’s, but there are approximately 3.4 SSIP’s separated by about 4.99 Å. In contrast XADSR analysis of aqueous RbBr yields about 0.7 pair CIP at a bond length 3.51 Å. The present work demonstrates a new approach for a direct co-refinement of XRD and XAFS spectra in a simple and reliable fashion, opening new opportunities for analysis in various disordered and crystalline systems. This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is operated for the U.S. Department of Energy by Battelle.

Pham, Thai V.; Fulton, John L.

2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

65

Two anionic [Cu{sup I}{sub 6}X{sub 7}]{sub n}{sup n-} (X=Br and I) chain-based organic-inorganic hybrid solids with N-substituted benzotriazole ligands  

SciTech Connect

Solvothermal reactions of the flexible ligand 1,6-Bi(benzotriazole)hexane with CuI and KI or CuBr and KBr in ethanol generate two hybrid compounds, namely, {l_brace}(HETA)[(Cu{sub 6}I{sub 7})(ETA){sub 2}]{r_brace}{sub n}(1) and {l_brace}K(Cu{sub 6}Br{sub 7})(BBTH){r_brace}{sub n}(2) (ETA=N-ethylbenzotriazole, HETA=protonated N-ethylbenzotriazole, BBTH=1,6-bi(benzotriazole)hexane). In 1, two [Cu{sub 3}I{sub 4}] vertex missing cubane-like subunits link each other by sharing one I atom to give a [Cu{sub 6}I{sub 7}] cluster, which further form novel 1D [Cu{sub 6}I{sub 7}]{sub n}{sup n-} anionic chain. Two in-situ generated ETA ligands finished the 4-coordinated environments of copper centers and another one discrete protonated ETA ligand keeps the charge neutrality for 1. In complex 2, bowl-shaped [Cu{sub 5}Br{sub 4}] clusters and rhomboid [Cu{sub 2}Br{sub 2}] dimers link each other to generate a [Cu{sub 6}Br{sub 7}]{sub n}{sup n-} 1D chain. BBTH ligands complete the tetrahedral spheres of Cu(I), and 7-coordinated K atoms further extend the 1D chain motifs to a 2D hybrid layer of 2. The UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectrum and luminescence measurements show that compound 1 and 2 both are potential semiconductor and photoluminescence materials. - Graphical abstract: Two unprecedented anionic [Cu{sup I}{sub 6}X{sub 7}]{sub n}{sup n-} (X=Br and I) chain-based organic-inorganic hybrid solids, namely, {l_brace}(HETA)[(Cu{sub 6}I{sub 7})(ETA){sub 2}]{r_brace}{sub n} (1) and {l_brace}K(Cu{sub 6}Br{sub 7})(BBTH){r_brace}{sub n}(2) (ETA=N-ethylbenzotriazole, HETA=protonated N-ethylbenzotriazole, BBTH=1,6-bi(benzotriazole)- hexane) have been synthesized under solvothermal reactions and characterized.

Gao Xia [Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science of Shaanxi Province, School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710062 (China); Zhai Quanguo, E-mail: zhaiqg@snnu.edu.c [Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science of Shaanxi Province, School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710062 (China); Li Shuni; Xia Rui; Xiang Haijuan; Jiang Yucheng [Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science of Shaanxi Province, School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710062 (China); Hu Mancheng, E-mail: hmch@snnu.edu.c [Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science of Shaanxi Province, School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710062 (China)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Semileptonic Form Factor ratio B_s->D_s/B->D and Its Application to BR(B^0_s->\\mu^+\\mu^-)  

SciTech Connect

We present a (2+1)-flavor lattice QCD calculation of the form factor ratio between the semileptonic decays {bar B}{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} D{sub s}{sup +}l{sup -}{bar {nu}} and {bar B}{sup 0} {yields} D{sup +}l{sup -}{bar {nu}}. This ratio is an important theoretical input to the hadronic determination of the B meson fragmentation fraction ratio f{sub s}/f{sub d} which enters in the measurement of BR(B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}). Small lattice spacings and high statistics enable us to simulate the decays with a dynamic final D meson of small momentum and reliably extract the hadronic matrix elements at nonzero recoil. We report our preliminary result for the form factor ratio at the corresponding momentum transfer of the two decays f{sub 0}{sup (s)} (M{sub {pi}}{sup 2})/f{sub 0}{sup (d)} (M{sub K}{sup 2}).

Du, Daping; /Iowa U. /Fermilab /Illinois U., Urbana; DeTar, Carleton; /Utah U.; Kronfeld, Andreas; /Fermilab; Laiho, Jack; /Strathclyde U. /Glasgow U.; Meurice, Yannick; /Iowa U.; Qiu, Si-wei; /Utah U.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

T{sub c}-dependent Raman scattering from a high-frequency phonon in {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the temperature dependence of the frequencies of two high-frequency intramolecular modes in {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br measured by resonant Raman scattering, with the use of a Fourier-transform spectrometer equipped with an infrared laser. One of these modes, that at 892cm{sup {minus}1} and assigned to {nu}{sub 60}(B{sub 3g}) exhibits an increase below T{sub c} of 2.2{plus_minus}0.7cm{sup {minus}1} and 2.2{plus_minus}0.4cm{sup {minus}1} when measured in a Janis Dewar and in a Heli-Tran refrigerator, respectively. A smaller increase is observed in the deuterated sample and no increase is observed at all if the samples are cooled too rapidly. Two other modes, {nu}{sub 3}(A{sub g}) at 1474cm{sup {minus}1} and {nu}{sub 9}(A{sub g}) at 503cm{sup {minus}1}, show no such increase below T{sub c} in the slowly cooled samples. We speculate that the normal electron-phonon interaction may not be responsible for the frequency increase but that the superconducting transition may involve a change in either the geometry or the arrangement of the BEDT-TTF molecules to which the particular mode is sensitive. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

Eldridge, J.E.; Lin, Y. [Physics Department, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T1Z1 (CANADA); Wang, H.H.; Williams, J.M.; Kini, A.M. [Chemistry and Materials Science Divisions, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Chemical Rearrangement under Hydrothermal Conditions: Formation of Polymeric Chains (CuX)2(dpiz) and (CuX)3(dpiz) (X ) Cl, Br; dpiz ) Dipyrido[1,2-a:2,3-d]imidazole) and Crystal Structures of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

due to their excellent redox catalytic abilities.10 In this Communication, we report the synthesisL acid digestion bombs at 170 °C afforded orange crystals of 1 [(CuCl)2(C10H7N3)] (I) and 1 [(CuBr)3(C crystallographically independent copper sites in this common motif. Cu(1), the Cu atom in the tetrahedral site

Li, Jing

69

A new ambient-pressure organic superconductor,. kappa. -(ET) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br, with the highest transition temperature yet observed (inductive onset T sub c = 11. 6 K, resistive onset = 12. 5 K)  

SciTech Connect

The preparation of a new ambient-pressure organic superconductor, {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br (BEDT-TTF or ET = bis(ethylenedithio)tetrafulvalene) is reported. This compounds exhibits the highest inductive onset temperature, T{sub c} = 11.6K (resistive onset = 12.5K) yet reported. The crystallographic and bond electron structure, ESR characteristics, and its superconductivity transition have all been measured, and the results are reported. 28 refs., 3 figs.

Kini, A.M.; Geiser, U.; Wang, H.H.; Carlson, K.D.; Williams, J.M.; Kwok, W.K.; Vandervoort, K.G.; Thompson, J.E.; Stupka, D.L. (Argonne National Laboratory, IL (USA)); Jung, D.; Whangbo, Myunghwan (North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh (USA))

1990-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

70

Computational fluid dynamics analyses of lateral heat conduction, coolant azimuthal mixing and heat transfer predictions in a BR2 fuel assembly geometry.  

SciTech Connect

To support the analyses related to the conversion of the BR2 core from highly-enriched (HEU) to low-enriched (LEU) fuel, the thermal-hydraulics codes PLTEMP and RELAP-3D are used to evaluate the safety margins during steady-state operation (PLTEMP), as well as after a loss-of-flow, loss-of-pressure, or a loss of coolant event (RELAP). In the 1-D PLTEMP and RELAP simulations, conduction in the azimuthal and axial directions is not accounted. The very good thermal conductivity of the cladding and the fuel meat and significant temperature gradients in the lateral directions (axial and azimuthal directions) could lead to a heat flux distribution that is significantly different than the power distribution. To evaluate the significance of the lateral heat conduction, 3-D computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations, using the CFD code STAR-CD, were performed. Safety margin calculations are typically performed for a hot stripe, i.e., an azimuthal region of the fuel plates/coolant channel containing the power peak. In a RELAP model, for example, a channel between two plates could be divided into a number of RELAP channels (stripes) in the azimuthal direction. In a PLTEMP model, the effect of azimuthal power peaking could be taken into account by using engineering factors. However, if the thermal mixing in the azimuthal direction of a coolant channel is significant, a stripping approach could be overly conservative by not taking into account this mixing. STAR-CD simulations were also performed to study the thermal mixing in the coolant. Section II of this document presents the results of the analyses of the lateral heat conduction and azimuthal thermal mixing in a coolant channel. Finally, PLTEMP and RELAP simulations rely on the use of correlations to determine heat transfer coefficients. Previous analyses showed that the Dittus-Boelter correlation gives significantly more conservative (lower) predictions than the correlations of Sieder-Tate and Petukhov. STAR-CD 3-D simulations were performed to compare heat transfer predictions from CFD and the correlations. Section III of this document presents the results of this analysis.

Tzanos, C. P.; Dionne, B. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

71

Feasibility Study of a Portable Coupled 3He Detector with LaBr3 Gamma Scintillator for Field Identification and Quantification of Nuclear Material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, there have been several research endeavors to increase the ability to identify and quantify special nuclear material in field measurements. These have included both gamma spectroscopy and neutron coincidence systems that are portable and work in a variety of environments. In this work, a Monte Carlo Neutral Practicle X (MCNPX) model was used to design an instrument that includes four gamma detection slabs placed within four neutron detection slabs. The combination of gamma spectroscopy and neutron coincidence counting in a single instrument allows for direct measurement of plutonium (Pu) mass without need for assumptions or operator declarations. A combined neutron-gamma instrument was designed for use in characterizing and quantifying Pu in field samples. This detector consists of a plastic scintillator containing LaBr3 nanoparticles and a polyethylene slab containing four 3He tube detectors. The system was tested via simulation with MCNPX for four Pu samples of known quality and quantity. These samples had masses ranging from 100-300 g of Pu. It was found that the designed detector system could be used to determine 240Pu-effective mass to within 3.5% accuracy and to characterize the isotopic content of the Pu to within 2% accuracy for all isotopes except for 238Pu and 242Pu. The system could determine 238Pu isotopic content to within 14% accuracy but is completely unable to determine 242Pu content. This system has the ability to Four Plutonium (Pu) samples of known quantity were modeled and tested to determine what data was available from each individual signature. Each model included a separate MCNPX deck for each individual isotope that contributes to the gamma signature in photon mode and a spontaneous fission and (alpha,n) deck for the neutron signature. The first three samples were used to create spectrums and efficiency curves for each odd isotope as well as for a Pu effective mass for the neutron signature. The data from these simulations were then used to identify the isotopics in the fourth sample to within acceptable accuracy. From this data, a total Pu mass was obtained as well as an ability to determine the ratio of (alpha,n) to spontaneous fission neutrons without additional simulations. This provides a new method to detect and identify the Pu content within a sample without producing requiring supplemental additional information since isotopics can be determined with the combined use of the gamma and neutron systems.

Strohmeyer, Daniel C.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

New k-phase materials, k-(ET) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )X: X = Cl, Br and I: The synthesis, structure and superconductivity above 11 K in the Cl ( Tc = 12. 8 K, 0. 3 kbar) and Br( Tc = 11. 6 K) salts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The syntheses, structures, selected physical properties, and band electronic structures of three copper (I) dicyanamide halide salts of bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene ({kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})X, where X = Cl, Br, and I) are discussed. X-ray crystallographic studies demonstrate that the three derivatives are isostructural. The bromide salt is an ambient pressure superconductor with an inductive onset at 11.6 K and a resistive onset at 12.5 K. {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Cl exhibits the highest reported superconducting transition temperature ({Tc} = 12.8 K, 0.3 kbar) for an organic superconductor, once a semiconductor-semiconductor transition (42 K) is suppressed. The application of GE varnish or Apiezon N grease to crystals of {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Cl provides sufficient stress to induce superconductivity at ambient pressure.'' Crystals of the iodide remain metallic to {approximately}150 K, where they become weakly semiconductive. No sign of superconductivity was detected at pressures (hydrostatic and shearing) up to 5.2 kbar and at temperatures as low as 1.1 K. The band electronic structures of the three salts are essentially identical. The differences in superconducting properties are explained in terms of differences in lattice softness, which are strongly influenced by short C-H{hor ellipsis}donor and C-H{hor ellipsis}anion contacts. 17 refs., 2 figs.

Wang, H.H.; Carlson, K.D.; Geiser, U.; Kini, A.M.; Schultz, A.J.; Williams, J.M.; Montgomery, L.K.; Kwok, W.K.; Welp, U.; Vandervoort, K.G.; Boryschuk, S.J.; Strieby Crouch, A.V.; Kommers, J.M.; Watkins, D.M. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Schirber, J.E.; Overmyer, D.L. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)); Jung, D.; Novoa, J.J.; Whangbo, M.H. (North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Low-Temperature Penetration Depth of {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN) {sub 2}]Br and {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present high-precision measurements of the penetration depth of single crystals of {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br and {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2} at temperatures down to 0.4 K. We find that, at low temperatures, the in-plane penetration depth ({lambda}{sub (parallel} {sub sign)}) varies as a fractional power law, {lambda}{sub (parallel} {sub sign)}{approx}T{sup (3/2)}. While this may be taken as evidence for novel pair excitation processes, we show that the data are also consistent with a quasilinear variation of the superfluid density, as is expected for a d -wave superconductor with impurities or a small residual gap. Our data for the interplane penetration depth show similar features and give a direct measurement of the absolute value, {lambda}{sub (perpendicular} {sub sign)}(0)=100{+-}20 {mu}m . (c) 1999 The American Physical Society.

Carrington, A.; Bonalde, I. J.; Prozorov, R.; Giannetta, R. W.; Kini, A. M.; Schlueter, J.; Wang, H. H.; Geiser, U.; Williams, J. M.

1999-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

74

Muon-spin-relaxation measurements of magnetic penetration depth in organic superconductors (BEDT-TTF) sub 2 - X : X =Cu(NCS) sub 2 and Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br  

SciTech Connect

The magnetic-field penetration depth {lambda} in the organic superconductors {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2} Cu(NCS){sub 2} and {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2} Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br has been measured over a wide temperature region 20 mK{le}{ital T}{le}15 K via the muon-spin-relaxation technique. Linear variation of {lambda} with {ital T} at low temperatures, found in both systems, is consistent with anisotropic superconducting pairings with line nodes in the energy gap. In the latter compound, we observe flux depinning at {ital T}{similar to}5 K, well below {ital T}{sub {ital c}}=12 K.

Le, L.P.; Luke, G.M.; Sternlieb, B.J.; Wu, W.D.; Uemura, Y.J. (Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)); Brewer, J.H.; Riseman, T.M. (Department of Physics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 2A3 (Canada)); Stronach, C.E. (Department of Physics, Virginia State University, Petersburg, Virginia 23803 (United States)); Saito, G.; Yamochi, H. (Department of Chemistry, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606 (Japan)); Wang, H.H.; Kini, A.M.; Carlson, K.D.; Williams, J.M. (Chemistry and Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States))

1992-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

75

$B_s\\to D_s/B\\to D$ Semileptonic Form-Factor Ratios and Their Application to BR($B^0_s\\to \\mu^+\\mu^-$)  

SciTech Connect

We calculate form-factor ratios between the semileptonic decays {bar B}{sup 0} {yields} D{sup +} {ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}} and {bar B}{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} D{sub s}{sup +}{ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}} with lattice QCD. These ratios are a key theoretical input in a new strategy to determine the fragmentation fractions of the neutral B decays, which are needed for measurements of BR(B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}). They use the MILC ensembles of gauge configurations with 2 + 1 flavors of sea quarks at two lattice spacings of approximately 0.12 fm and 0.09 fm. We use the model-independent z parametrization to extrapolate their simulation results at small recoil toward maximum recoil. The results for the form-factor ratios are {line_integral}{sub 0}{sup (s)} (M{sub {pi}}{sup 2})/{line_integral}{sub 0}{sup (d)} (M{sub K}{sup 2}) = 1.046(44){sub stat.}(15){sub syst.} and {line_integral}{sub 0}{sup (s)} (M{sub {pi}}{sup 2})/{line_integral}{sub 0}{sup (d)} (M{sub {pi}}{sup 2}) = 1.054(47){sub stat.}(17){sub syst.}. In contrast to a QCD sum-rule calculation, no significant departure from U-spin (d {leftrightarrow} s) symmetry is observed.

Bailey, Jon A.; /Seoul Natl. U.; Bazavov, A.; /Brookhaven; Bernard, C.; /Washington U., St. Louis; Bouchard, C.M.; /Illinois U., Urbana /Fermilab /Ohio State U.; DeTar, C.; /Utah U.; Du, Daping; /Iowa State U. /Fermilab /Illinois U., Urbana; El-Khadra, A.X.; /Illinois U., Urbana; Foley, J.; /Utah U.; Freeland, E.D.; /Illinois U., Urbana /Benedictine U.; Gamiz, E.; /Fermilab /Granada U.; Gottlieb, Steven; /Indiana U. /APS, New York

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Unusual behavior in the upper critical magnetic fields of the ambient-pressure organic superconductor. kappa. -(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br (where BEDT-TTF represents bis(ethylenedithio) tetrathiofulvalene)  

SciTech Connect

We report a determination of the temperature dependence of the upper critical magnetic fields {ital H}{sub {ital c}2} for {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br, with the use of dc-magnetization measurements that show a well-defined diamagnetic onset. We find large slopes of {minus}20 T/K and {minus}2.2 T/K for {bold H}{parallel}{ital ac} and {bold H}{parallel}{ital b}, respectively, which lead to coherence lengths of 37 and 4 A. There is unusual structure in the critical fields and a possible dimensional crossover at {ital T}/{ital T}{sub {ital c}}{approximately}0.97 for {bold H}{parallel}{ital ac}. Neither the slopes nor the structure are observable in the superconducting transition measured by ac magnetoresistance, which exhibits strong magnetic-field broadening similar to that of the high-{Tc} copper oxide superconductor YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}{delta}}. We find a strong depression of {ital T}{sub {ital c}}, as large as 1.2 K, when the sample is rapidly cooled.

Kwok, W.K.; Welp, U.; Carlson, K.D.; Crabtree, G.W.; Vandervoort, K.G.; Wang, H.H.; Kini, A.M.; Williams, J.M.; Stupka, D.L.; Montgomery, L.K.; Thompson, J.E. (Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (USA) Chemistry Divisions, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (USA))

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Structure-property relationships for. beta. - and. kappa. -phase BEDT-TTF salts and their use in the synthesis of. kappa. -(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new ambient pressure organic superconductor, {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br, has been discovered with an inductive onset {Tc} = 11.6 {plus minus} 0.1 K (resistive onset = 12.5 {plus minus} 0.1 K). The anion in the new salt consists of a polymeric mixed (halide)(pseudohalide)cuprate(I) species. Because of the large number of metal/halide/pseudohalide substitutions that can be made in this anionic species, it opens up an entirely new conceptual approach to the design of additional conducting and superconducting (with even higher {Tc}'s) cation-radical salts by use of planar polymeric anions. Studies along these lines are currently under way in our laboratory. It is also becoming increasingly clear that in terms of structure (both are layered superconductors) and the physics (both are type II-superconductors with anisotropic coherence lengths, anisotropic H{sub c2}, and in which superconductivity is competing with magnetic ground states, etc.),the organic superconductors are more similar to the high-{Tc} oxide superconductors than to other classes of superconductors. Thus, the prospects for discovering high-{Tc} in organic systems appear very bright

Williams, J.M.; Kini, A.M.; Geiser, U.; Wang, Hau H.; Carlson, K.D.; Kwok, W.K.; Vandervoort, K.G.; Thompson, J.E.; Stupka, D.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Jung, D.; Whangbo, M.H. (North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (USA). Dept. of Chemistry)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Measurement of sigma(ppbar->Z) Br(Z->tau+tau-) and search for Higgs bosons decaying to tau+tau- at s**(1/2) = 1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

The resonant production of tau-lepton pairs is as interesting for the study of Standard Model (SM) physics as the production of lighter leptons pairs. For new phenomena, such as Higgs boson production or in case new particles beyond the SM would arise, the detection of (resonant) pairs of tau leptons becomes much more interesting. This is due to the fact that tau leptons are much heavier than the other leptons, which increases the chance that these new phenomena would be observed first in this channel. Unfortunately their clean detection is far more difficult than that of muons or electrons. The cross section times branching ratio {sigma}{center_dot} Br for the process p{bar p} {yields} Z {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} was measured at {radical}s = 1.96 GeV using 1.0 fb{sup -1} of data collected by the D0 experiment. This measurement was performed in the channel in which one of the tau leptons decays to a muon and neutrinos, while the other decays either hadronically or to an electron and neutrinos. A set of 1511 events, of which about 20% estimated background, passed all selection criteria. The trigger and muon reconstruction efficiencies, as well as the efficiency for track reconstruction were obtained from data using the 'tag and probe' method on Z {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} events. The multijet background was estimated from the sample of events which passed all selection criteria but in which the muon and the tau candidate had the same charge. The W {yields} {mu}{nu} + jets background was modeled by Monte Carlo simulations, but normalized to data. All the other backgrounds, as well as the efficiency for Z {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} events were estimated using simulated events normalized to the theoretical calculations of cross sections at next-to-leading order or next-to-next-to-leading order. The energy of the tau candidates was corrected for the estimated response of the charged pions in the calorimeter, which is of the order 50-80%. Since the charged pion response in data was not well reproduced by the default simulation of hadronic interactions (Geisha), a different simulation (gCALOR) was used to obtain an estimated charged pion response consistent with the one measured in data. This tau energy correction method makes use of the superior resolution of the track momentum measurement compared to the resolution of the tau candidate energy as measured by the calorimeter, which leads to a better data--simulation agreement and a decrease of 10% in the resolution of the visible mass peak. The result of this measurement is {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} Z) {center_dot} Br(Z {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -}) = 240 {+-} 8(stat) {+-} 12(syst) {+-} 15(lumi) pb, in good agreement with the theoretical predictions of 241.6{sub -3.2}{sup +3.6} pb [79] or 251.9{sub -12}{sup +5.1} pb [93-95], as well as with other measurements performed by the D0 and CDF experiments in all channels in which the Z boson decays leptonically [96-100]. This is the most precise Z boson cross section measurement to date performed in the tau lepton channel at hadron colliders. The analysis demonstrates the ability of the D0 experiment to identify tau leptons decaying hadronically with good efficiency and high purity, a challenging task in p{bar p} collisions where the number of jets resembling tau leptons is very high. This achievement forms a solid basis for other analyses using hadronic tau lepton decays, such as the search for the Higgs boson decaying into tau-lepton pairs, which was performed for the last part of this thesis.

Galea, Cristina Florina; /Nijmegen U.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

br23082-bw version.qxd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Executive Office has put a high Executive Office has put a high priority on ensuring U.S. buildings are energy efficient and environmentally sus- tainable. The action plan includes improving Federal procurement of energy-efficient technology, such as photovoltaics. This commitment spearheads the President's Million Solar Roofs Initiative, which aims at installing 1 million solar energy systems on residential, commercial, and public sec- tor buildings by 2010. The Federal sector's portion of that goal is 20,000 facilities. FEMP plays a leading role in meeting this commitment by encouraging and facilitating the use of photovoltaics. Photovoltaics (PV) is a well-proven and reliable technology that is used increasingly in Federal facilities to provide power in remote or difficult-to-access locations. It

80

Microsoft Word - HgAcBr  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

August 2013 August 2013 Quantification of the Mercury Adsorption Mechanism on Brominated Activated Carbon The primary anthropogenic source of mercury (Hg) emissions into the atmosphere is coal- fired power utilities. This work explores materials designed for Hg capture to be applied in the ductwork of a power plant to prevent Hg release into the atmosphere. Bench-scale com- bustion experiments have been carried out, in which sorbent materials were placed in a simulated flue gas stream doped with ppb levels of Hg. The sorbent surfaces were probed using x-ray absorption spectroscopy to determine the mechanism of Hg binding and to ultimately improve solvent design. The spectroscopy data was analyzed alongside results from density functional theory (DFT) for benchmarking so that DFT can be used as a

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81

br23082-bw version.qxd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Executive Office has put a high Executive Office has put a high priority on ensuring U.S. buildings are energy efficient and environmentally sus- tainable. The action plan includes improving Federal procurement of energy-efficient technology, such as photovoltaics. This commitment spearheads the President's Million Solar Roofs Initiative, which aims at installing 1 million solar energy systems on residential, commercial, and public sec- tor buildings by 2010. The Federal sector's portion of that goal is 20,000 facilities. FEMP plays a leading role in meeting this commitment by encouraging and facilitating the use of photovoltaics. Photovoltaics (PV) is a well-proven and reliable technology that is used increasingly in Federal facilities to provide power in remote or difficult-to-access locations. It

82

Microsoft Word - BR6738_preprint.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

known as "Scenarios for a Clean Energy Future" (Brown, Levine et al. 2001), the McKinsey "cost curve" analysis of abatement costs (Creyts 2007), and efficiency analysis and...

83

190014. I. An interpretive study of BeppoSAX and Ulysses observations. Astrophys. J. 549, 10211038 (2001).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, such as the Farnsworth fusor16­18 , and as microthrusters in miniature spacecraft19 . A Received 14 December 2004. Plasmas 2, 3804­3819 (1995). 16. Farnsworth, P. T. Electric discharge device for producing interactions between nuclei. US Patent No. 3258402 (1966). 17. Farnsworth, P. T. Method and apparatus for producing

84

Lawrence Co. Scioto Co. Greenup Co. Jack  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

COWEN COWEN BELLS F OR D FREDVILLE BIG CH IMNEY ALVIN N RPD-LAWRENC E-2 PEYTONA-EMMON S TOM PR ICE SCHOOL NE BREEDEN MAR E CREEK SCHOOL FAR LEY C HUR CH W LON G R UN LICKBURG RPD-GALLIA-1 MIMA LEF T F OR K RPD-MASON-1 MABSCOT T-CBM CON LEY MEAD E BR ANCH PET ERSBURG VAN LEAR SILVERTON RPD-SC IOT O-2 HURR ICANE CR EEK OT TER ROAD BRANCH SH AVERS FORK HAGERH ILL KEEL FORK CRAGER FORK CON TRARY BRAN CH HUNN EWELL S DUMPS CREEK DOBSON SCH OOL BU LAN DANIEL HINDMAN N LAU REL HILL CROOK PYR AMI D AU XIER LEF T F OR K B CUCU MBER CRK CHANEY CREEK DINGUS RPD-SC IOT O-3 MOORE BRANC H RPD-TAZ EWELL-1 PORT ER CAMP MOU SIE WILD CAT HOLLOW SPR ING CREEK RACCOON SCHOOL ALVIN W ROSC OE GEORGES F ORK DAVISPOR T N LEATH ER BAR K CRK MOON N RPD-673 RPD-678 RPD-520 RPD-334 RPD-335 RPD-510 RPD-100 RPD-333 RPD-509 RPD-280 MAL DEN SALYERSVILLE FAR LEY C HUR CH CEREDO LINCOLN ST RAT TON KNOB SALLY BR ANCH

85

BR UFF BIG PINEY WILD ROSE BLU E GAP BR UFF UNIT WAMSUT TER  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

BOE Reserve Class BOE Reserve Class No 2001 reserves 0.1 - 10 MBOE 10.1 - 100 MBOE 100.1 - 1,000 MBOE 1,000.1 - 10,000 MBOE 10,000.1 - 100,000 MBOE > 100,000 MBOE Basin Outline ID The mapped oil and gas field boundary outlines were created by the Reserves and Production Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration pursuant to studies required by Section 604 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act Amendments of 2000 (P.L. 106-469). The boundaries are not informed by subsurface structural information. The data and methods used in their creation are detailed in a report, "Scientific Inventory of Onshore Federal Lands' Oil and Gas Resources and Reserves and the Extent and Nature of Restrictions to Their Development", prepared by the US Departments of Interior, Agriculture and Energy.

86

BR UFF BIG PINEY WILD ROSE BLU E GAP BR UFF UNIT WAMSUT TER  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Morehouse (2), Jack Perrin (1), Steve Jackson (1) and Robert King (2) (1) Z, Inc., (2) Energy Information Administration BIG PINEY TIP TOP BIR D CANYON SWAN FONTEN ELL E LABARGE...

87

New ambient pressure organic superconductors:. alpha. -(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 (NH sub 4 )Hg(SCN) sub 4 ,. beta. m-(BEDO-TTF) sub 3 Cu sub 2 (NCS) sub 3 , and. kappa. -(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More than one hundred and twenty conducting salts based on the organic donor-molecule BEDT-TTF are known, where BEDT-TTF is bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene (abbreviated herein as ET). Several of the early salts possessed tetrahedral and octahedral anions, such as (ET){sub 2}ClO{sub 4}(TCE), (ET){sub 2}PF{sub 6}, (ET){sub 2}ReO{sub 4}, and (ET){sub 2}BrO{sub 4}. The perchlorate salt is metallic to 1.4 K,{sup 1} and the perrenate derivative was the first ET based organic superconductor ({Tc} 2 K, 4.5 kbar). Since the discovery of ambient pressure superconductivity in {beta}-(ET){sub 2}I{sub 3} ({Tc} 1.4 K),{sup 5} other isostructural {beta}-(ET){sub 2}X salts have been prepared with higher {Tc}'s. A structure-property correlation for the {beta}-type salts has been reviewed in this volume; it predicts that {Tc}'s higher than 8K are possible if {beta}-salts with linear anions longer than I{sub 3}{sup {minus}} can be synthesized. During the search for new linear anions, a variety of compounds with discovered with polymeric anions. The report of superconductivity in {kappa}-(ET){sub 4}Hg{sub 3}X{sub 8} (X = Cl, {Tc} 5.4 K 29 kbar and X = Br, {Tc} 4.3 K ambient pressure and 6.7 K 3.5 kbar) and {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2} ({Tc} 10.4 K) further stimulated the search for novel polymeric anions. A general synthetic strategy for preparing new salts containing polymeric anions is to couple a coordinatively unsaturated neutral transition metal halide/pseudohalide with a simple halide or pseudohalide during an electrocrystallization synthesis. In this article, the authors discuss three new ambient pressure organic superconductors with novel polymeric anions, {alpha}-(ET){sub 2}(NH{sub 4})Hg(SCN){sub 4}, {beta}m-(BO){sub 3}Cu{sub 2}(NCS){sub 3} and {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br. 48 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

Wang, H.H.; Beno, M.A.; Carlson, K.D.; Geiser, U.; Kini, A.M.; Montgomery, L.K.; Thompson, J.E.; Williams, J.M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Hydrogen for X-group exchange in CH3X, X = Cl, Br, I, OMe and NMe2 byMonomeric [1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2]2CeH: Experimental and Computational Support for a Carbenoid Mechanism  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The reaction between [1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2]2CeH, referred to as Cp'2CeH, andCH3X where X is Cl, Br, I, OMe and NMe2, are described. The reactions fall intothree distinct classes. Class a, where X = Cl, Br and I rapidly form Cp'2CeX and CH4without formation of identifiable intermediates in the 1H NMR spectra. Class b, whereX = OMe proceeds rapidly to Cp'2Ce(eta2-CH2OMe) and H2 and then to Cp'2CeOMeand CH4. The methoxymethyl derivative is sufficiently stable to be isolated andcharacterized and it is rapidly converted to Cp'2CeOMe in presence of BPh3. Class c,where X = NMe2 does not result in formation of Cp'2CeNMe2, but deuterium labelingexperiments show that H for D exchange occurs in NMe3. Density functionalcalculations DFT(B3PW91) on the reaction of (C5H5)2CeH, referred to as Cp2CeH,and CH3X show that the barrier for alpha-CH activation, resulting in formation ofCp2Ce(eta2-CH2X), proceeds with a relatively low activation barrier (DeltaG++) but thesubsequent ejection of CH2 and trapping by H2 has a higher barrier; the height of thesecond barrier lies in the order F, Cl, Br, I< OMe<< NMe2, consistent with theexperimental studies. The DFT calculations also show that the two-step reaction,which proceeds through a carbenoid intermediate, has a lower barrier than a directone-step sigma bond metathesis mechanism. The reaction of Cp2CeCH2OMe and BPh3 is calculated to be a low barrier process and the ylide, CH2(+)BPh3(-), is a transition state and not an intermediate.

Werkema, Evan; Andersen, Richard; Yahia, Ahmed; Maron, Laurent; Eisenstein, Odile

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

BBOOLLLLEETTTTIINNOO NNOOVVIITT NNUUMMEERROO 5577 FFEEBBBBRRAAIIOO 22001111  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. FOLLA, Pornografia minorile: per la Cassazione, anche alla luce del diritto comunitario, costituisce

Romeo, Alessandro

90

Evidence for structural and electronic instabilities at intermediate temperatures in K-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}X for X=Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl, Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br and Cu(NCS){sub 2} : implications for the phase diagram of these quasi-2D organic superconductors.  

SciTech Connect

We present high-resolution measurements of the coefficient of thermal expansion {alpha}(T)={partial_derivative} ln l(T)/{partial_derivative}T of the quasi-two-dimensional (quasi-2D) salts {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}X with X=Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl, Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br and Cu(NCS){sub 2} in the temperature range T<{approx}150 K. Three distinct kinds of anomalies corresponding to different temperature ranges have been identified. These are (A) phase-transition anomalies into the superconducting (X=Cu(NCS){sub 2}, Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br) and antiferromagnetic (X=Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl) ground state, (B) phase-transition-like anomalies at intermediate temperatures (30-50) K for the superconducting salts, and (C) kinetic, glasslike transitions at higher temperatures, i.e., (70-80) K for all compounds. By a thermodynamic analysis of the discontinuities at the second-order phase transitions that characterize the ground state of system (A), the uniaxial-pressure coefficients of the respective transition temperatures could be determined. We find that in contrast to what has been frequently assumed, the intraplane-pressure coefficients of Tc for this family of quasi-2D superconductors do not reveal a simple form of systematics. This demonstrates that attempts to model these systems by solely considering in-plane electronic parameters are not appropriate. At intermediate temperatures (B), distinct anomalies reminiscent of second-order phase transitions have been found at T*=38 K and 45 K for the superconducting X=Cu(NCS){sub 2} and Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br salts, respectively. Most interestingly, we find that the signs of the uniaxial pressure coefficients of T*, {partial_derivative}T*/{partial_derivative}p{sub i} (i=a,b,c), are strictly anticorrelated with those of {Tc}. Based on comparative studies including the nonsuperconducting X=Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl salt as well as isotopically labeled compounds, we propose that T* marks the transition to a density-wave state forming on minor, quasi-1D parts of the Fermi surface. Our results are compatible with two competing order parameters that form on disjunct portions of the Fermi surface. At elevated temperatures (C), all compounds show {alpha}(T) anomalies that can be identified with a kinetic, glasslike transition where, below a characteristic temperature T{sub g}, disorder in the orientational degrees of freedom of the terminal ethylene groups becomes frozen in. Our results provide a natural explanation for the unusual time- and cooling-rate dependences of the ground-state properties in the hydrogenated and deuterated Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br salts reported in the literature.

Muller, J.; Lang, M.; Steglich, F.; Schlueter, J. A.; Kini, A. M.; Sasaki T.; Materials Science Division; Max-Planck-Inst. fur Chemische Physik fester Stoffe; Physikalisches Inst. der Univ. Frankfurt; Tohoku Univ.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

National Biorefineries Database <br>

Open Energy Info (EERE)

positions to the plant locations and transloading terminals in order to generate the shape files.

92

Engineer II Job Number: 55533999 Req ID 54331BR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

projects from concept through implementation. This includes project cost estimation, schedule development & overall project management. Provide process support to manufacturing facilities; trouble shoot equipment. Job Requirements: Experience in automation of pharmaceutical or food processing equipment

Heller, Barbara

93

Export.gov - CC_BR_DoingBusinessinBrazil  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is Latin America's biggest economy and is the fifth largest country in the world in terms of land mass and population with about 192 million people. Brazil's economy, the 6th...

94

Stampa l'articolo Chiudi 20 maggio 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tutto, ma c'era di tutto anche in edicola trent'anni fa, astrologia e pornografia incluse. La differenza

Floridi, Luciano

95

From single-molecule magnetism to long-range ferromagnetism in Hpyr[Fe17O16(OH)12(py)12Br4]Br4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, Canada K0J 1J0 5ISIS, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot OX11 or "molecular spin" at sufficiently low temperatures.1­3 A uniaxial molecular anisotropy due to the crystal LRMO . The large molecular spins in these crystals take the place of the individual magnetic ions

Ryan, Dominic

96

Studi sui raggi di Röntgen - Springer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

questi raggi. Applicando all' occhio il criptoscopto si pub ve- dere, anche in ambienti illuminati, la forma e la posizione di corpi metallici chiusi entro scatole di

97

OTTIMIZZAZIONE TECNICO FUNZIONALE DI UN IMPIANTO DI MICRO-COGENERAZIONE EFMGT-ORC ALIMENTATO A BIOMASSA SOLIDA.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In questi ultimi anni vi è stato un crescente interesse verso la produzione di energia da fonte rinnovabile e, in questo ambito, anche l’impiego della… (more)

LUDOVICI, GIULIA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

brOugHT TO yOu by A quickie with Australia's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kristin Obermeier Chelsea Obermeier David Oborne Christina O'Brien Kristin Ofeldt Andrea Ortu Emily place Andrea Ortu 4th place Emily Diettmann Nathalie Schlosser was the Best Advanced Handler and Wendy Franzyshen was the Best Novice Handler. Congratulations to all. The Club thanks the 4-H alumnus that came

New South Wales, University of

99

Potential Impacts of CF3I as a Replacement for CF3Br in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... have used observed temperature distributions and fixed wind circulations ... The effects of zonally averaged winds are included in ... Solomon, S., MJ Mill ...

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

100

Vertical-tube aqueous LiBr falling film absorption using advanced surfaces  

SciTech Connect

A heat and mass transfer test stand was fabricated and used to investigate nonisothermal falling film absorption of water vapor into a solution of aqueous lithium bromide. The absorber was made of borosilicate glass for visual inspection of the failing film. Experiments were conducted on internally cooled tubes of about 0.019 m outside diameter and of 1.53 m length. Testing evaluated a single absorber tube`s performance at varying operating conditions, namely different cooling-water flow rates, solution flow rates, pressures, temperatures, and concentrations. Advanced surfaces were identified that enhanced absorber load and the mass of absorbed vapor. A pin-fin tube with 6.4mm pitch absorbed about 225% more mass than did a smooth tube. A grooved tube was the d best performer with 175% enhancement over the smooth tube. Increasing the cooling water flow rate to 1.893 {times} 10{sup {minus}4} m{sup 3}/s caused about a 300% increase in the mass absorbed for the grooved tube compared with the smooth tube. Results showed that the pin-fin tube with 6.4-mm pitch and the grooved tubes may enhance absorption to levels comparable to chemical enhancement in horizontal smooth tube absorbers. Absorber load, the transport coefficients, and pertinent absorption data are presented as functions of dimensionless numbers. These experimental data will prove useful in formulating analytical tools to predict vertical-tube absorber performance.

Miller, W.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Perez-Blanco, H. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

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101

LLNL compiled first pages ordered by ascending B&R code  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We aim to develop a fundamental understanding of materials dynamics (from {micro}s to ns) in systems where the required combination of spatial and temporal resolution can only be reached by the dynamic transmission electron microscope (DTEM). In this regime, the DTEM is capable of studying complex transient phenomena with several orders of magnitude time resolution advantage over any existing in-situ TEM. Using the unique in situ capabilities and the nanosecond time resolution of the DTEM, we seek to study complex transient phenomena associated with rapid processes in materials, such as active sites on nanoscale catalysts and the atomic level mechanisms and microstructural features for nucleation and growth associated with phase transformations in materials, specifically in martensite formation and crystallization reactions from the amorphous phase. We also will study the transient phase evolution in rapid solid-state reactions, such as those occurring in reactive multilayer foils (RMLF). Program Impact: The LLNL DTEM possesses unique capabilities for capturing time resolved images and diffraction patterns of rapidly evolving materials microstructure under strongly driven conditions. No other instrument in the world can capture images with <10 nm spatial resolution of interesting irreversible materials processes such as phase transformations, plasticity, or morphology changes with 15 ns time resolution. The development of this innovative capability requires the continuing collaboration of laser scientists, electron microscopists, and materials scientists experienced in time resolved observations of materials that exist with particularly relevant backgrounds at LLNL. The research team has made observations of materials processes that are possible by no other method, such as the rapid crystallization of thin film NiTi that identified a change in mechanism at high heating rates as compared to isothermal anneals through changes in nucleation and growth rates of the crystalline phase. The project is designed to reveal these fundamental processes and mechanisms in rapid microstructure evolution that form the foundation of understanding that is an integral part of the DOE-BES mission.

Campbell, G; Kumar, M; Tobin, J; Noy, A; Browning, N

2010-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

102

MOLECULAR BEAM STUDIES OF UNIMOLECULAR REACTIONS: Cl, F + C2H3Br  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pro~ of fluorine and chlorine atoms with vinyl bromide areheated nickle oven at The chlorine source was similar,the tot&l energy for the chlorine re&ction &nd FWHM ~ 4.2 kJ

Buss, Richard J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

080 Low Temperature Specific Heat of BiOX (X=Cl, Br and I) Single ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

005 Calcium Phosphates for Drug Carrier: Adsorption and Release Kinetics of Drugs ... 058 Properties Optimization of Refractory Mineral Resources in China.

104

Taba workstation: supporting software process deployment based on CMMI and MR-MPS.BR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Deployment of software processes based on reference models is a knowledge-intensive task, i.e., a great amount of technical knowledge must be applied in order to guarantee conformance and adherence of processes deployed to the reference models adopted. ...

Mariano Montoni; Gleison Santos; Ana Regina Rocha; Sávio Figueiredo; Reinaldo Cabral; Rafael Barcellos; Ahilton Barreto; Andréa Soares; Cristina Cerdeiral; Peter Lupo

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

MPS.BR: a successful program for software process improvement in Brazil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software process improvement implementation based on software process reference models and standards is a complex and long-term endeavor that requires investment of large sums of money. These obstacles usually hinder organizations from implementing software ... Keywords: CMMI, ISO-IEC 15504, software process assessment model, software process reference model

Mariano Angel Montoni; Ana Regina Rocha; Kival Chaves Weber

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

A Modeling Study of Flame Quenching by CFsBr using ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... om 006 am 016 0.m RELATIVE FLkME POSnlON (cm) Flyw 1. Temperature profils for the reference (dotted line) and CRBr (wlid lie ) cases. ...

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

107

Entropy flux relation for viscoelastic bodies I-Shih Liu (liu@im.ufrj.br)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be symmetrized. We shall write the gradient after being symmetrized in components simply as q C for 1 2 q C + q and its thermodynamic consequences exploited following the M¨uller-Liu procedure in which supply governed by the balance laws of mass, linear momentum and energy, + div x = 0, ¨x - div T = b, + div

Liu, I-Shih

108

LEU fuel cycle analyses for the Belgian BR2 Research Reactor  

SciTech Connect

Equilibrium fuel cycle characteristics were calculated for reference HEU and two proposed LEU fuel cycles using an 11-group diffusion-theory neutron flux solution in hexagonal-Z geometry. The diffusion theory model was benchmarked with a detailed Monte Carlo core model. The two proposed LEU fuel designs increased the {sup 235}U loading 20% and the fuel meat volume 51%. The first LEU design used {sup 10}B as a burnable absorber. Either proposed LEU fuel element would provide equilibrium fuel cycle characteristics similar to those of the HEU fuel cycle. Irradiation rates of Co control followers and Ir disks in the center of the core were reduced 6 {plus minus} 1% in the LEU equilibrium core compared to reference HEU core. 11 refs., 4 figs., 5 tabs.

Deen, J.R.; Snelgrove, J.L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Preliminary LEU fuel cycle analyses for the Belgian BR2 reactor  

SciTech Connect

Fuel cycle calculations have been performed with reference HEU fuel and LEU fuel using Cd wires or boron as burnable absorbers. The /sup 235/U content in the LEU element has increased 20% to 480g compared to the reference HEU element. The number of fuel plates has remained unchanged while the fuel meat thickness has increased to 0.76 mm from 0.51 mm. The LEU meat density is 5.1 Mg U/m/sup 3/. The reference fuel cycle was a 31 element core operating at 56 MW with a 19.8 day cycle length and eight fresh elements loaded per cycle. Comparable fuel cycle characteristics can be achieved using the proposed LEU fuel element with either Cd wires or boron burnable absorbers. The neutron flux for E/sub n/ > 1 eV changes very little (<5%) in LEU relative to HEU cores. Thermal flux reductions are 5 to 10% in non-fueled positions, and 20 to 30% in fuel elements.

Deen, J.R.; Snelgrove, J.L.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Characterization of Thallium Bromide (TlBr) for Room Temperature Radiation Detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 Motivation: Radiation Detection for HomelandSecurity . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Semiconductor Radiationand related features of radiation ionization energies in

Smith, Holland McTyeire

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Property:Pitfalls | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resistivity Survey<br>> * Substantial lengths of cable energized with current at high voltage present a safety hazard.<br>> * The Schlumberger array is a...

112

NREL GIS Data: Illinois High Resolution Wind Resource Abstract...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Illinois at a 50 meter height.<br>> Purpose: Provide information on the wind resource development potential within Illinois.<br>> SupplementalInformation:<...

113

Department of Energy - Wyoming  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

> Refrigerators: Energy Star<br > Room Air Conditioning: Energy Star<br > Flat Panel TV: Energy Star<br > Desktop Computer: Energy Star<br > Monitor: Energy...

114

Applying ISO 9001: 2000, MPS.BR and CMMI to Achieve Software Process Maturity: BL Informatica's Pathway  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Customer satisfaction, quality improvement and rework reduction are known to be the most important benefits obtained through deployment of software process maturity models and standards within an organization. Since 2003 BL Informática has been motivated ...

Analia Irigoyen Ferreiro Ferreira; Gleison Santos; Roberta Cerqueira; Mariano Montoni; Ahilton Barreto; Andrea O. Soares Barreto; Ana Regina Rocha

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

866 IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 16, NO. 6, JUNE 2012 ICE: Intelligent Cell BrEathing to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficient communications, cellular net- works, renewable energy. I. INTRODUCTION GREENING is not merely by distributed electricity generators that utilize green energy drawn from renewable sources such as solar.042312.120486 be considered. The energy arrival depends on the renewable resources, and the energy consumption depends

Ansari, Nirwan

116

Monitoraggio dell'attività cerebrale tramite brain-computer-interface(BCI).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Un’interfaccia cervello-computer (in inglese, Brain-Computer Interface, abbreviato in BCI, o anche Brain-Machine Interface, BMI) è un sistema di comunicazione in cui i messaggi o i… (more)

Gnamteu Sottang, Fabrice

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Department of Energy - Nevada  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gas Tankless Water Heater: 350<br > Natural Gas Clothes Dryer: 30<br > Smart Low-flow Showerhead: 20<br > Lavatory Faucet: 50<br > Windows: 1SqFt<br >Northern...

118

Large-scale structure of the fast solar wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

measurements of Solar Wind velocity, in press, Journal of1992), The Ulysses solar wind plasma experiment, AstronomyA. Hewish (1967), The solar wind outside the plane of the

Bisi, M. M.; Fallows, R. A.; Breen, A. R.; Habbal, S. Rifai; Jones, R. A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Mars 'Curiosity' has ORNL tech | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

deep-space missions (such as Voyager, Galileo and Ulysses) and are present on the Pluto New Horizons mission to explore Pluto and the Kuiper Belt. "ORNL has been involved with the...

120

Large-scale structure of the fast solar wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scintillation measurements of Solar Wind velocity, in press,K. Sakurai (1992), The Ulysses solar wind plasma experiment,Telescope for the SOHO Mission, Solar Physics, 162, 291–312.

Bisi, M. M.; Fallows, R. A.; Breen, A. R.; Habbal, S. Rifai; Jones, R. A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ulysses br anch" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

CX-003573: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-003573: Categorical Exclusion Determination Strategic Biomass Solutions<br>CX(s) Applied: A9<br>Date: 08252010<br>Location(s):...

122

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

October 03, 2013<br>  Next Release Date: October 17, 2013<br>  PJM West data for 2005-2012 Re-released<br>><...

123

tutimura@mist.i.u-tokyo.ac.jp 6b;R !!M& kaneko@ipl.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

:B!W­ p.1/20 #12;· · · · ­ p.2/20 #12;· · · ­ p.3/20 #12;· Java AWT/Swing (Java2D) · Tcl/Tk, Perl/Tk, Ruby = (Graphics2D)g; .... } @oN,%=%U%H%&%'%"9V5f!VTcl/Tk, Perl/Tk, Ruby/Tk · Tk $OGUI %D!Tcl, Perl, Ruby $J$I $N%9%/%j%W%H8@8l $H0l =o$K · Tcl/Tk $OJohn Ousterhout ;a $K$h$k%*!

Murota, Kazuo

124

Evidence for penguin-diagram decays: First observation of [ital B][r arrow][ital K][sup *](892)[gamma  

SciTech Connect

We have observed the decays [ital B][sup 0][r arrow][ital K][sup *](892)[sup 0][gamma] and [ital B][sup [minus

Ammar, R.; Ball, S.; Baringer, P.; Coppage, D.; Copty, N.; Davis, R.; Hancock, N.; Kelly, M.; Kwak, N.; Lam, H.; Kubota, Y.; Lattery, M.; Nelson, J.K.; Patton, S.; Perticone, D.; Poling, R.; Savinov, V.; Schrenk, S.; Wang, R.; Alam, M.S.; Kim, I.J.; Nemati, B.; O'Neill, J.J.; Severini, H.; Sun, C.R.; Zoeller, M.M.; Crawford, G.; Daubenmeir, M.; Fulton, R.; Fujino, D.; Gan, K.K.; Honscheid, K.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Lee, J.; Malchow, R.; Morrow, F.; Skovpen, Y.; Sung, M.; White, C.; Whitmore, J.; Wilson, P.; Butler, F.; Fu, X.; Kalbfleisch, G.; Lambrecht, M.; Ross, W.R.; Skubic, P.; Snow, J.; Wang, P.L.; Wood, M.; Bortoletto, D.; Brown, D.N.; Fast, J.; McIlwain, R.L.; Miao, T.; Miller, D.H.; Modesitt, M.; Schaffner, S.F.; Shibata, E.I.; Shipsey, I.P.J.; Wang, P.N.; Battle, M.; Ernst, J.; Kroha, H.; Roberts, S.; Sparks, K.; Thorndike, E.H.; Wang, C.H.; Dominick, J.; Sanghera, S.; Skwarnicki, T.; Stroynowski, R.; Artuso, M.; He, D.; Goldberg, M.; Horwitz, N.; Kennett, R.; Moneti, G.C.; Muh; (CLEO Collaboration)

1993-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

125

Photodissociation Dynamics of Gas-Phase BrICl-and IBr2 Andrei Sanov, Todd Sanford, Laurie J. Butler, Jiri Vala, Ronnie Kosloff,,| and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(TCLP). To find out more about TCLP, check out the Environmental Protection Agency's web site at http

Butler, Laurie J.

126

T'  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

j: ;;I : T' j-jE: i t 1 ,iu" I;ts'J-F.; +X'l'W 20, ,57 I::anch T;3 cl:l:i xi ,.&A O.Cfice J su T>J...

127

Gli interpreti degli interpreti  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?importanza attribuita da Platone all?arte, ma ? centrata in particolare sul mimetismo e sul mimo come pagliaccio e buffone. Cos?, attraverso Ficino, si vede bene che la critica severa, a volte spietata di Platone contro una forma di divertimento molto popolare ma anche...

Horvath, Agnes; Szakolczai, Arpad

2008-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

128

Biomasse, le ricerche presso l'Universit di Pavia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomasse, le ricerche presso l'Università di Pavia Rino Cella Dipartimento di Genetica e emissioni di CO2 Produrre il 20% di energia da fonti rinnovabili (di cui il 10% da biomasse) Obbiettivi da quantità e la qualità delle biomasse di interesse. Anche il miglioramento genetico tradizionale può dare

129

PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and which become ionized, or charged, in the solar wind. Eventually, they reach energies at which the solar wind is speeding at double the rate normally found at lower latitudes. Measurements from Ulysses' solar wind plasma experiment, presented today at the 1993 fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union

Christian, Eric

130

30TH INTERNATIONAL COSMIC RAY CONFERENCE Particle observations and propagation in the Three-Dimensional Heliosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar activity in December 2006. Higher- energy particle observations onboard Ulysses are discussed were observed in the lower energy pro- files suggesting a mixture of particles due to the solar events, Southwest Research Institute for Technology, Newark, New Jersey, USA 4 Center for Solar-Terrestrial Research

131

A jetdisk symbiosis model for Gamma Ray Bursts: fluence distribution, CRs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[28 was discovered with the Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE) aboard the Compton Gamma­Ray Observatory by examining Ulysses gamma­ray burst (GRB) experiment (Hurley et al. 1992) data for each BATSE burst. Knowing : individual (GRO J1744[28) � stars : neutron � X­rays : stars 1. INTRODUCTION The bursting pulsar GRO J1744

Falcke, Heino

132

Department of Energy - Massachusetts  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Control Ventilation: 200<br > ECM Fan Motors: 150<br > Chillers: 10 - 20ton; plus performance incentive<br > Compressed Air: 100 - 200HP

<...

133

Ambient and elevated temperature fracture and cyclic-fatigue properties in a series of Al-containing silicon carbides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CJ, Lawn BR, Mai Y-W, Hockey BJ. Journal of the AmericanCJ, Lawn BR, Mai Y-W, Hockey BJ. Journal of AmericanCJ, Lawn BR, Mai Y-W, Hockey BJ. Journal of American

Yuan, Rong

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal irradiance...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b>  <br>Global Horizontal Irradiance<br>NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Jan 2008)<br>22-year Monthly & Annual Average...

135

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal irradiance GIS...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

>  <br>Direct Normal Irradiance (kWhm2day)<br>NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Jan 2008)<br>22-year Monthly & Annual Average...

136

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for July 2013 data<br>  Next Monthly Release: End of October 2013 for August 2013 data<br>>  2013 Data Re-released: September 30, 2013

137

Quantification of the Mercury Adsorption Mechanism on Brominated...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(AC-Br) (DARCO Hg-LH, Norit Americas Inc.) and brominated activated carbon fibers (ACF-Br) (Illinois State Geological Survey and University of Illinois). The AC-Br sorbents...

138

California Energy Commission - Electricity Consumption by County  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County (2006-2009) Electricity consumption data from the California Energy Commission sorted by County for Residential and Non-residential from 2006 to 2009.<br>
>...

139

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt irradiance GIS...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

& Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)<br> Parameter: Latitude Tilt Radiation (kWhm2day)<br> Internet: http:eosweb.larc.nasa.govsse<br> Note 1:...

140

A Comprehensive View of the 2006 December 13 CME: From the Sun to Interplanetary Space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The biggest halo coronal mass ejection (CME) since the Halloween storm in 2003, which occurred on 2006 December 13, is studied in terms of its solar source and heliospheric consequences. The CME is accompanied by an X3.4 flare, EUV dimmings and coronal waves. It generated significant space weather effects such as an interplanetary shock, radio bursts, major solar energetic particle (SEP) events, and a magnetic cloud (MC) detected by a fleet of spacecraft including STEREO, ACE, Wind and Ulysses. Reconstruction of the MC with the Grad-Shafranov (GS) method yields an axis orientation oblique to the flare ribbons. Observations of the SEP intensities and anisotropies show that the particles can be trapped, deflected and reaccelerated by the large-scale transient structures. The CME-driven shock is observed at both the Earth and Ulysses when they are separated by 74$^{\\circ}$ in latitude and 117$^{\\circ}$ in longitude, the largest shock extent ever detected. The ejecta seems missed at Ulysses. The shock arrival time at Ulysses is well predicted by an MHD model which can propagate the 1 AU data outward. The CME/shock is tracked remarkably well from the Sun all the way to Ulysses by coronagraph images, type II frequency drift, in situ measurements and the MHD model. These results reveal a technique which combines MHD propagation of the solar wind and type II emissions to predict the shock arrival time at the Earth, a significant advance for space weather forecasting especially when in situ data are available from the Solar Orbiter and Sentinels.

Y. Liu; J. G. Luhmann; R. Müller-Mellin; P. C. Schroeder; L. Wang; R. P. Lin; S. D. Bale; Y. Li; M. H. Acuña; J. -A. Sauvaud

2008-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ulysses br anch" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

REFRIGERATIONREFRIGERATION ((svsv: Kylteknik): Kylteknik) 424503 E 2010 #3424503 E 2010 #3 --rzrz Kylteknik ("KYL")Kylteknik ("KYL")  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Br-lean LiBr rich Heat 1. Metering device 2. Evaporator LiBr-rich 2. Evaporator 3. Absorber 4. Pump 5 systemeffect LiBr AR system /4/4SingleSingle effect LiBr AR systemeffect LiBr AR system /4/4 Example data forExample data for operating conditions 2.11.2010 Ã?bo Akademi Univ - Thermal and Flow Engineering Piispankatu 8

Zevenhoven, Ron

142

Absorption spectrophotometric characterization of Sm(II), Sm(III), and Sm(II/III) bromides and Sm(III) oxybromide in the solid state  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Absorption spectra obtained from SmBr/sub 3/, SmBr/sub 2/, and Sm0Br were used in identifying the samarium species in several mixed-valence Sm(II/III) compounds produced by H/sub 2/ reduction of SmBr/sub 3/. The nature of the absorption of Sm0Br made it possible to detect even traces of Sm0Br in the Sm bromides.

Wood, A.B.; Young, J.P.; Peterson, J.R.; Haschke, J.M.

1981-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

NREL GIS Data: Texas High Resolution Wind Resource Abstract...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

potential within the state of Texas.<br>> SupplementalInformation: This data set has been validated by NREL and wind energy meteorological consultants. However, the...

144

NREL GIS Data: South Carolina High Resolution Wind Resource  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

within the state of South Carolina.<br>> SupplementalInformation: This data set has been validated by NREL and wind energy meteorological consultants. However, the...

145

NREL GIS Data: Hawaii High Resolution Wind Resource Abstract...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

potential within the state of Hawaii.<br>> SupplementalInformation: This data set has been validated by NREL and wind energy meteorological consultants. However, the...

146

NREL GIS Data: Wisconsin High Resolution Wind Resource Abstract...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

development potential in Wisconsin.<br>> SupplementalInformation: This data set has been validated by NREL and wind energy meteorological consultants. However, the...

147

Brazil Latitude Tilted Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

INPE -<br>National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files<br>

(Supplemental Information):   The assessment of...

148

USLCI Interconnect Region Electricity datasets, 2008 Datasets...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

spreadsheet are also included.<br>>Datasets include generation and transmission of electricity for each of the interconnect regions.  It is representative of the year...

149

Nepal: Applications of Renewable Energy Technologies  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Technologies (Abstract):  Wind, biomass, bio-gas, photovoltaic and small hydro renewable energy technologies in Nepal<br> <br>(Purpose):<...

150

Utilization of Renewables in Bangladesh: Case Studies  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(2) Wind-solar hybrid system in Kuakata Sea Beach and (3) Micro hydro power plant of Aung Thuwi Khoi.<br> <br>(Purpose):  SWERA Documentation...

151

Optimization Online - Scheduling Workover Rigs for Onshore Oil ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 12, 2003 ... Scheduling Workover Rigs for Onshore Oil Production. Dario Aloise (dario ***at** * dimap.ufrn.br) Daniel Aloise (aloise ***at*** inf.puc-rio.br)

152

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 400m...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka<br>

(Purpose):  To provide information on the wind resource potential within Sri Lanka and selected offshore areas<br> <...

153

NREL GIS Data: Global Offshore Wind GIS data for offshore wind...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Offshore Wind GIS data for offshore wind speed (meterssecond).  Specified to Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ).<br>>Wind resource based on NOAA blended sea winds and...

154

High-silicon {sup 238}PuO{sub 2} fuel characterization study: Half module impact tests  

SciTech Connect

The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) provides power for space missions by transmitting the heat of [sup 238]Pu decay to an array of thermoelectric elements. The modular GPHS design was developed to address both survivability during launch abort and return from orbit. Previous testing conducted in support of the Galileo and Ulysses missions documented the response of GPHSs to a variety of fragment- impact, aging, atmospheric reentry, and Earth-impact conditions. The evaluations documented in this report are part of an ongoing program to determine the effect of fuel impurities on the response of the heat source to conditions baselined during the Galileo/Ulysses test program. In the first two tests in this series, encapsulated GPHS fuel pellets containing high levels of silicon were aged, loaded into GPHS module halves, and impacted against steel plates. The results show no significant differences between the response of these capsules and the behavior of relatively low-silicon fuel pellets tested previously.

Reimus, M.A.H.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

A Comprehensive View of the 13 December 2006 CME: From the Sun to Interplanetary Space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The biggest halo coronal mass ejection (CME) since the Halloween storm in 2003, which occurred on 13 December 2006, is studied in terms of its solar source and heliospheric consequences. The CME is accompanied by an X3.4 flare, EUV dimmings and coronal waves. It generated significant space weather effects such as an interplanetary shock, radio bursts, major solar energetic particle (SEP) events, and a magnetic cloud (MC) detected by a fleet of spacecraft including STEREO, ACE, Wind and Ulysses. Reconstruction of the MC with the Grad-Shafranov (GS) method yields an axis orientation oblique to the flare ribbons. Observations of the SEP intensities and anisotropies show that the particles can be trapped, deflected and reaccelerated by the large-scale transient structures. The CME preceding shock is also observed at Ulysses which is 74$^{\\circ}$ south of the Earth, indicative of a surprisingly large latitudinal extent of the shock. The shock arrival time at Ulysses is well predicted by an MHD model which can prop...

Liu, Y; Schroeder, P C; Wang, L; Li, Y; Lin, R P; Bale, S D; Müller-Mellin, R; Acuña, M H; Sauvaud, J -A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Document  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2004 Marketing Plan, is an entity that has executed a BR contract and is allocated a percentage of the BR. The FP percentages are reviewed during March of each year; and if the...

157

Green Button Applications | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Recent content Probably the best reference on... Hi Vivek-<br>>I reached... OpenEI green button SDK Renewable Energy, Right in Your Back Yard The Green Button SDK is...

158

Climate: monthly and annual average cooling degree days above...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

at one-degree resolution of the World from NASASSE

(Abstract):  <br>Cooling Degree Days above 10 C (degree days)<br>The monthly accumulation of degrees when...

159

NREL GIS Data: U.S. Gulf of Mexico Coast Offshore Windspeed 90m...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ative%28%27pubyear%2FDescend%27%29" target"new" title"NREL Publication"> Assessment of Offshore Wind Energy Resources for the United States.<br>> These data were produced...

160

NREL GIS Data: U.S. Hawaii Offshore Windspeed 90m Height High...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ative%28%27pubyear%2FDescend%27%29" target"new" title"NREL Publication"> Assessment of Offshore Wind Energy Resources for the United States.<br>> These data were produced...

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161

NREL GIS Data: U.S. Great Lakes Offshore Windspeed 90m Height...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ative%28%27pubyear%2FDescend%27%29" target"new" title"NREL Publication"> Assessment of Offshore Wind Energy Resources for the United States.<br>> These data were produced...

162

Wind: wind speed and wind power density GIS data at 10m and 50m...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

data files of wind speed and wind power density at 10 and 50 m heights. Global data of offshore wind resource as generated by NASA's QuikScat SeaWinds scatterometer.<br>>...

163

1 | P a g e 2. Speaker's notes: Read the opinions expressed sentence here!!!  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to ensure protection of people and the environment. --NUREG BR-0500 A positive safety culture isn and the environment.--NUREG BR-0500 The recent history of our group is a case of developing an integrated system

164

Erosion control reduces fine particles in runoff to Lake Tahoe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incorporation of woodchips, or compost combined with mulchPN) Br ca, El el (100 kg/ha) Compost Biosol PN over straw Elel, El gl, Br ca Compost Biosol PN None Caltrans type-B

Grismer, Mark E.; Ellis, A. L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

NREL GIS Data: Minnesota High Resolution Wind Resource Abstract...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

it to power density assuming a Weibull K of 2.0 and using elevation to estimate air density.<br>> OtherCitationDetails: This map has been validated with available...

166

Metrology and Precision for Nanoscale Manufacturing:  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 27 cobalt Co 78 platinum Pt 45 palladium Pd 28 nickel Ni 35 Br35 Bromine Br 30 zinc Zn 32 germanium Ge 83 bismuth Bi 6 carbon C 2 helium He ...

167

Wind: wind speed and wind power density GIS data at 50m above...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

from the KAMMWASP studies for Kenya. <br>>The KAMMWAsP methodology uses a set of wind classes to represent wind conditions for the mapped region. A mesoscale simulation for...

168

Wind: wind speed and wind power density GIS data at 50m above...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Nepal. <br>>The KAMMWAsP methodology uses a set of windclasses to represent wind conditions for the mapped region. A mesoscale simulation for each wind class, using...

169

Wind: wind speed and wind power density GIS data at 50m above...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the KAMMWASP studies for Ethiopia. <br>>The KAMMWAsP methodology uses a set of wind classes to represent wind conditions for the mapped region. A mesoscale simulation for...

170

Wind: wind speed and wind power density GIS data at 50m above...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

See supplemental information.<br>>The KAMMWAsP methodology uses a set of wind classes to represent wind conditions for the mapped region. A mesoscale simulation for...

171

Modeling of Molten Salt Mixtures: Thermodynamic Assessment of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Modeling of Molten Salt Mixtures: Thermodynamic Assessment of CeBr3 and MBr-CeBr3 Systems (M=Li, Na, K, Rb). Author(s), Yue Wu, ...

172

STUDIES OF CHROMATIN IN SITU BY FLUORESCENCE CORRELATION SPECTROSCOPY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

USA lf, EtBr Bindin to Chromatin EtBr is used as a probe ofDNA. The DNA in chromatin is in an environment veryDye binding in different chromatin samples was effected by

Sorscher, Stanley M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Analytical solution for the pull-out response of FRP rods embedded in steel tubes filled with cement grout  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

anchorages for FRP tendons. J Compos Constr ASCE 4(2):39–47.doi:10.1061/(ASCE) Zhang BR, Benmokrane B, Chennouf A,anchors. J Compos Constr ASCE 5(2): Zhang BR, Benmokrane B,

Wu, Zhimin; Yang, Shutong; Zheng, Jianjun; Hu, Xiaozhi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Property:Incentive/TotalFund | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

228 million annually<br > RDandD: 62.5 million annually<br > Beginning 2005, natural gas subaccount baseline funding of 12 million with increase of up to 3 million...

175

Introduction On the Fault Resilience Metric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Fl´avia Maristela2, Ver^onica Lima3 gmlima@ufba.br, flaviamsn@ifba.edu.br, cadena@ufba.br 1Department of Computer Science ­ Distributed Systems Lab (UFBA) 2Department Technology in Electro-electronics (IFBA) 3 and Real-time Systems George Lima, Fl´avia Maristela, Ver^onica Lima gmlima@ufba.br, flaviamsn@ifba

Lipari, Giuseppe

176

New Proofs of the Uniqueness of Extremal Noneven Chjan C. Lim and Gregory K. Van Patten  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, B.R. Shader, Nonsingular Sign Patterns and the Conversion of the Per­ manent into the Determinant

Lim, Chjan C.

177

The New Steel Conference Speaker: D. Furdek  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Boeing Research and Technology (BR&T). Dave's group spans three sites including Seattle, St. Louis, and Huntington Beach ...

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

178

IM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Anterior end blunt, flattened curve (Br, Fig. 15. D), posterior dorsal margin angular (Ang, Fig. 15. D), no ridges evident ......

179

EIA Data: 2008 International Coal Reserves This simple table...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

shown<br> NA Not available <br> W Data withheld to avoid disclosure <br> F Forecast

2011-03-21T18:41:11Z 2011-08-04T17:31:17Z I accessed this dataset from a...

180

Electron and proton heating by solar wind turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous formulations of heating and transport associated with strong magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence are generalized to incorporate separate internal energy equations for electrons and protons. Electron heat conduction is included. Energy is supplied by turbulent heating that affects both electrons and protons, and is exchanged between them via collisions. Comparison to available Ulysses data shows that a reasonable accounting for the data is provided when (i) the energy exchange timescale is very long and (ii) the deposition of heat due to turbulence is divided, with 60% going to proton heating and 40% into electron heating. Heat conduction, determined here by an empirical fit, plays a major role in describing the electron data.

Breech, B; Cranmer, S R; Kasper, J C; Oughton, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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181

Observation of inertial energy cascade in interplanetary space plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show in this article direct evidence for the presence of an inertial energy cascade, the most characteristic signature of hydromagnetic turbulence (MHD), in the solar wind as observed by the Ulysses spacecraft. After a brief rederivation of the equivalent of Yaglom's law for MHD turbulence, we show that a linear relation is indeed observed for the scaling of mixed third order structure functions involving Els\\"asser variables. This experimental result, confirming the prescription stemming from a theorem for MHD turbulence, firmly establishes the turbulent character of low-frequency velocity and magnetic field fluctuations in the solar wind plasma.

Luca Sorriso-Valvo; Raffaele Marino; Vincenzo Carbone; Fabio Lepreti; Pierluigi Veltri; Alain Noullez; Roberto Bruno; Bruno Bavassano; Ermanno Pietropaolo

2007-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

182

Generalized similarity in finite range solar wind magnetohydrodynamic turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extended or generalized similarity is a ubiquitous but not well understood feature of turbulence that is realized over a finite range of scales. ULYSSES spacecraft solar polar passes at solar minimum provide \\textit{in situ} observations of evolving anisotropic magnetohydrodynamic turbulence in the solar wind under ideal conditions of fast quiet flow. We find a single generalized scaling function characterises this finite range turbulence and is insensitive to plasma conditions. The recent unusually inactive solar minimum -with turbulent fluctuations down by a factor of $\\sim 2$ in power- provides a test of this invariance.

Chapman, S C

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Photochemical oxidation of oxalate in Pu-238 process streams  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For over forty years, NASA has relied on plutonium-238 in Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) units and Radioisotope Heater Units ( W s ) to provide power and heat for many space missions including Transit, Pioneer, Viking, Voyager, Galileo, Ulysses and Cassini. RHUs provide heat to keep key components warm in extremely cold environments found on planets, moons, or in deep space. RTGs convert heat generated from the radioactive decay of plutonium-238 into electricity using a themocouple, Plutonium-238 has proven to be an excellent heat source far deep space missions because of its high thermal power density, useful lifetime, minimal shielding requirements, and oxide stability.

Long, K. M. (Kristy M.); Ford, D. K. (Doris K.); Trujillo, L. A. (Leonardo A.)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

General-purpose heat source: Research and development program. High-siliocon fuel characterization study: Half module impact tests 1 and 2  

SciTech Connect

The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) provides power for space missions by transmitting the heat of {sup 238}Pu decay to an array of thermoelectric elements. Because any space mission could experience a launch abort or return from orbit, the heat source must be designed and constructed to survive credible accident environments. Previous testing conducted in support of the Galileo and Ulysses missions documented the response of GPHSs to a variety of fragment-impact, aging, atmospheric reentry, and earth-impact conditions. The evaluations documented in this report are part of an ongoing program to determine the effect of fuel impurities on the response of the heat source to conditions baselined during the Galileo/Ulysses test program. In the first two tests in this series, encapsulated GPHS fuel pellets containing high levels of silicon were aged, loaded into GPHS module halves, and impacted against steel plates. The results show no significant differences between the response of these capsules and the behavior of relatively low-silicon fuel pellets tested previously.

Reimus, M.A.H.; George, T.G.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

General-Purpose Heat Source: Research and development program: Cold-Process Verification Test Series  

SciTech Connect

The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) provides power for space missions by transmitting the heat of {sup 238}Pu decay to an array of thermoelectric elements. Because any space mission could experience a launch abort or return from orbit, the heat source must be designed and constructed to survive credible accident environments. Previous testing conducted in support of the Galileo and Ulysses missions documented the response of GPHSs and individual GPHS capsules fueled with {sup 238}UO{sub 2} ({sup 235}U-depleted) to a variety of explosive overpressure and impact events. In the early 1990s, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) resumed fabrication of {sup 238}UO{sub 2} GPHS pellets. The Cold-Process Verification (CPV) Test Series was designed to compare the response of GPHS heat sources loaded with recently fabricated hot- and cold-pressed {sup 238}UO{sub 2} pellets to the response of urania pellets used in the Galileo and Ulysses performance tests. This report documents eleven bare-capsule impacts and one impact of a fully loaded GPHS module. All of the failures observed in the bare-clad impact tests were similar to failures observed in previous safety tests. No failures occurred in the module impact test.

Reimus, M.A.H.; George, T.G.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

The gamma-ray burst GB 920622  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have analyzed the Ulysses, BATSE, and COMPTEL spectral data from the \\gamma-ray burst of June 22, 1992 (GB 920622). COMPTEL data reveal a hard to soft evolution within the first pulse of the burst, while the mean hardness ratios of the three pulses are the same. Unlike the single instrument spectra, the composite spectrum of GB 920622 averaged over the total burst duration ranging from 20 keV up to 10 MeV cannot be fit by a single power law. Instead, the spectrum shows continuous curvature across the full energy range. COMPTEL imaging and BATSE/Ulysses triangulation constrain the source location of GB 920622 to a ring sector 1.1 arcmin wide and 2 degrees long. This area has been searched for quiescent X-ray sources using \\ros survey data collected about two years before the burst. After the optical identification of the X-ray sources in and near the GRB location we conclude that no quiescent X-ray counterpart candidate for GB 920622 has been found.

Greiner, J; Bade, N; Fishman, G J; Hanlon, L O; Hurley, K; Kippen, R M; Kouveliotou, C; Preece, R D; Ryan, J; Schönfelder, V; Williams, O R; Winkler, C M; Boër, M; Niel, M

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

The existence and nature of the interstellar bow shock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report a new diagnostic between two different states of the local interstellar medium (LISM) near our solar system using a sensitivity study constrained by several distinct and complementary observations of the LISM, solar wind, and inner heliosphere. Assuming the Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) He flow parameters for the LISM, we obtain a strength of $\\sim 2.7\\pm0.2$ $\\mu$G and a direction pointing away from galactic coordinates $(28, 52)\\pm 3^\\circ$ for the interstellar magnetic field as resulting from fitting Voyager 1 & 2 in situ plasma measurements and IBEX energetic neutral atoms ribbon}. When using Ulysses parameters for the LISM He flow, we recently reported the same direction but a strength of $2.2\\pm0.1$ $\\mu$G. First, we notice that with Ulysses He flow, our solution is in the expected hydrogen deflection plane (HDP). In contrast, for the IBEX He flow, the solution is $\\sim 20^{\\circ}$ away from the corresponding HDP plane. Second, the long-term monitoring of the interplanetary H I flo...

Ben-Jaffel, L; Ratkiewicz, R; Grygorczuk, J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Electrochemical series, alphabetic...Bi 2 O 4 +4H + +2 e - â?? 2BiO + +2H 2 O 1.59 BiO + +2H + +3 e - â?? Bi+H 2 O 0.32 BiOCl+2H + +3 e - â?? Bi+Cl - +H 2 O 0.1583 BiOOH+H 2 O+3 e - â?? Bi+3OH - -0.46 Br 2 (aq)+2 e - â?? 2Br - 1.087 Br 2 (l)+2 e - â?? 2Br - 1.065 HBrO+H + + e - â?? Br 2 +H 2 O 1.59 HBrO+H + +2 e - â?? Br - +H 2 O 1.33 2HBrO+2H +...

189

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Aero- Aero- Tech Light Bulb Co., Respondent Case Number : 2010-CE-1012 Issued : October 8, 2010 By the General Counsel , U.S. Department of Energy: 1. DOE has promulgated energy conservation standards for incandescent reflector lamps at 10 C . F.R. § 430.32. 2. DOE initiated a case on September 8, 2010 , to pursue a civil penalty for violations of the compliance certification requirements at 10 C.F . R. § 430.62. 3. Respondent manufactures and/or privately labels incandescent reflector lamps, including basic models 75BR40 /** (ULA 29), 100BR40 /* * (ULA 24), 120BR40 /** (ULA 25), 100BR38 /** (ULA 32), 150 BR 38/** (ULA 33), and 75BR38/**. 4. Based on the information gathered in this case, including Respondent's packaging, labeling, and marketing materials, which demonstrate that these models are

190

Multiobjective Optimization of Finite Queueing Networks F. R. B. Cruz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

´istica, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, 31270-901, Belo Horizonte, MG E-mail: fcruz@est.ufmg.br A. R. Duarte@iceb.ufop.br N. L. C. Brito Departamento de Ci^encias Exatas, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros, 39401-089, Montes Claros, MG E-mail: nilson.brito@unimontes.br Abstract:We aim at studying a multi

Cruz, Frederico

191

FACULTY OF HUMANITIES DEAN: PROFESSOR T KUPE BA Hons MA (Zimbabwe) PhD (University of Oslo)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Africa: Karoo to Recent, edited by B.R. Rosendahl, J.J.W. Rogers, and N.M. Rach, J. African Earth Sci in Africa: Karoo to Recent, edited by B.R. Rosendahl, J.J.W. Rogers, and N.M. Rach, J. African Earth Sci, in Rifting in Africa: Karoo to Recent, edited by B.R. Rosendahl, J.J.W. Rogers, and N.M. Rach, J. African

Wagner, Stephan

192

Photochemistry of Methyl Bromide on the ?-Cr2O3(0001) Surface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The photochemical properties of the Cr-terminated ?-Cr2O3(0001) surface were explored using methyl bromide (CH3Br) as a probe molecule. CH3Br adsorbed and desorbed molecularly from the Cr-terminated ?-Cr2O3(0001) surface without detectable thermal decomposition. Temperature programmed desorption (TPD) revealed a CH3Br desorption state at 240 K for coverages up to 0.5 ML, followed by more weakly bound molecules desorbing at 175 K for coverages up to 1 ML. Multilayer exposures led to desorption at ~130 K. The CH3Br sticking coefficient was unity at 105 K for coverages up to monolayer saturation, but decreased as the multilayer formed. In contrast, pre-oxidation of the surface (using an oxygen plasma source) led to capping of surface Cr3+ sites and near complete removal of CH3Br TPD states above 150 K. The photochemistry of chemisorbed CH3Br was explored on the Cr-terminated surface using post-irradiation TPD and photon stimulated desorption (PSD). Irradiation of adsorbed CH3Br with broad band light from a Hg arc lamp resulted in both photodesorption and photodecomposition of the parent molecule at a combined cross section of ~10-22 cm2. Parent PSD was indicative of molecular photodesorption, but CH3 was also detected in PSD and Br atoms were left on the surface, both reflective of photo-induced CH3-Br bond dissociation. Use of a 385 nm cut-off filter effectively shut down the photodissociation pathway but not the parent molecule photodesorption process. From these observations it is inferred that d-to-d transitions in ?-Cr2O3, occurring at photon energies <3 eV, are not responsible for photodecomposition of 2 adsorbed CH3Br. It is unclear to what extent band-to-band versus direct CH3Br photolysis play in CH3-Br bond dissociation initiated by more energetic photons.

Henderson, Michael A.

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

193

Apparatus and method for downhole injection of radioactive tracer  

SciTech Connect

The disclosure relates to downhole injection of radioactive .sup.82 Br and monitoring its progress through fractured structure to determine the nature thereof. An ampule containing granular .sup.82 Br is remotely crushed and water is repeatedly flushed through it to cleanse the instrument as well as inject the .sup.82 Br into surrounding fractured strata. A sensor in a remote borehole reads progress of the radioactive material through fractured structure.

Potter, Robert M. (Los Alamos, NM); Archuleta, Jacobo R. (Espanola, NM); Fink, Conrad F. (Los Alamos, NM)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Power Marketing - Sierra Nevada Region - Western Area Power Administra...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Help Environment News in SNR Power Marketing Customer Representatives BR and CVP Forecasts Contracts Rates RA Capacity Scheduling & Resources Senate Bill 1305 2015 Resource...

195

New Benchmark Instances for the Steiner Problem in Graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 26, 2001 ... New Benchmark Instances for the Steiner Problem in Graphs. Isabel Rosseti ( rosseti ***at*** inf.puc-rio.br) Marcus Poggi de Aragão (poggi ...

197

Brazil PAR Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files<br>

(Supplemental Information):   The assessment of...

198

Doc...~En.  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

... ..,,..,.... - .. I&i3:scD .::-:, TO-340 .":: ..' . - ' - -. ' . .." ,.. .;.. Very traly yours;, -' .X :, Doc...En. ' Br.:Re&ng ';;a' : , Div. Reading File ., ,, ., ,.-...

199

Guide to Bluetooth Security  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... basis and is not subject to copyright in the United States. ... 2.1.2 Low Energy ... Bluetooth BR/EDR) include lower power consumption, reduced memory ...

2012-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

200

EIA Table E.1C  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww NA - - Table Posted: December 19, 2008

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201

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... 6.1 World Net Conventional Thermal Electricity Generation ...

202

[2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... E.2 World Petroleum Consumption (Btu), 1980-2006 Energy Information Administration

203

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww--Energy Information Administration Table Notes and Sources ...

204

national total  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww NA--Table Posted: December 8, ...

205

Journal of Research Volume 63D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of absolute intensities of [OI] 5577 in the auroral and subauroral zones, p. 19 ... Radio-refractive-index climate near the ground, p. 259 Bean, BR ; Horn ...

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

206

AEO2011: Liquid Fuels Supply and Disposition

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dataset uses million barrels per day. The data is broken down into crude oil, other petroleum supply, other non petroleum supply and liquid fuel consumption.<br>...

207

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21 - 11230 of 15,317 results. Article Department of Energy Advances Commercialization of Climate Change Technology Secretary Bodman Announces 100 Million to Move<br>Carbon...

208

ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT DIVISION ANNUAL REPORT, 1977  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the LiBr-H20 absorption chillers most commonly used, theat LBL are advanced absorption chillers whose COP increasesfired, ammonia- water absorption chiller. The modifications

Budnitz, R.J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Designing Arithmetic Digital Circuits via Rewriting-Logic Mauricio Ayala-Rincon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@unb.br. ¶Departamento de Engenharia Mec^anica, Universidade de Bras´ilia, Bras´ilia D.F., Brasil. llanos

Hartenstein, Reiner

210

O R N L/Sub-80/24706/ 1 Phase II Brayton/Rankine 10-Ton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biocombustiveis, Table 3'2' http://www.anp.eov.br/conheca/anuarig-2008.asjl ^ tl4l p. C. Vasconcellos, L- Rfru

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

211

Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 00(0):000000 (2001) 1064-3389/01/$.50  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biocombustiveis, Table 3'2' http://www.anp.eov.br/conheca/anuarig-2008.asjl ^ tl4l p. C. Vasconcellos, L- Rfru

Alvarez, Pedro J.

212

Incremental-like Bundle Methods with Application to Energy Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 18, 2008 ... Incremental-like Bundle Methods with Application to Energy Planning. Grégory Emiel (gemiel ***at*** impa.br) Claudia Sagastizábal (sagastiz ...

213

Climate: monthly and annual average relative humidity GIS data...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate: monthly and annual average relative humidity GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASASSE

(Abstract):  <br>Relative Humidity at 10 m...

214

Optimization Online - A Robust Branch-Cut-and-Price Algorithm for ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 21, 2007 ... A Robust Branch-Cut-and-Price Algorithm for the Heterogeneous Fleet Vehicle Routing Problem. Artur Pessoa (artur ***at*** producao.uff.br)

215

Glossary Term - Cloud Chamber  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ceres Previous Term (Ceres) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Composition of the Earth's Atmosphere) Composition of the<br>Earth's Atmosphere Cloud Chamber A cloud chamber showing the...

216

Glossary Term - Cyclotron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the<br>Earth's Atmosphere Previous Term (Composition of the Earth's Atmosphere) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Deuterium) Deuterium Cyclotron A cyclotron is a device used to...

217

New Proofs of the Uniqueness of Noneven Digraphs With the most number M(n) of arcs and M(n) -1 arcs.*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of * *Celestial Mechanics, Arch. Rational Mech. Anal. 115:153-165 (1991) [2] R.A. Brualdi, B.R. Shader

Lim, Chjan C.

218

A Newton's method for the continuous quadratic knapsack problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

br/~pjssilva/research/quadratic_knapsack_source.zip. The programs ..... appeared first as the BLGnapsack subroutine in the BLG code from Gonzalez-. Lima ...

219

Enhanced differentiation of retinal progenitor cells using microfabricated topographical cues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004b; Meyer et al. 2006; Canola et al. 2007; Klassen et al.Br J Ophthalmol 90(12), K. Canola, B. Angenieux et al. ,

Steedman, Mark R.; Tao, Sarah L.; Klassen, Henry; Desai, Tejal A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

NIST Manuscript Publication Search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Title: Extinguishment of Cup Burner Flames of Propane and the Aerosol Can Simulator Fuel by CF3Br and C2HF5. Published: April 24, 2012. ...

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ulysses br anch" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment - Kenya Country Report  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Kenya Country Report (Abstract):  The Kenya Country Report describes the energy situation in Kenys and identifies solar and wind energy opportunities.<br>...

222

Light Meson Spectroscopy with the Kloe Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the status of the analyses in progress on light meson spectroscopy in the KLOE experiment. We present the analyses of phi decays into f0(980)gamma and a0(980)gamma, the Dalitz plot analysis of the eta to pie+ pie- pie0 decay, the branching ratio measurement of eta to pie0 gamma gamma, the upper limits on Br(eta to 3 gamma) and Br(eta to pie^+ pie^-), the measurement of the ratio Br(phi to eta' gamma)/Br(phi to eta gamma) and phi leptonic width measurements.

The KLOE collaboration; B. Di Micco

2004-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

223

Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America from SUNY

(Abstract):  Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate solar collectors for Central America<br> <...

224

Microsoft PowerPoint - 8_Morello NMMSS_2013_Presentation_Morello...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

and NUREG BR-0007 both state in their respective Regulatory Authority sections that DOENRC Forms (741742742C) are required for quantities of SNM 1 gram or more of...

225

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Southwest...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

226

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Reliability...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

227

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Western...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

228

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Northeast...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

229

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - SERC Reliability  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

230

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Midwest...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

231

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Florida...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

232

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - United States...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

233

ASEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - SERC Reliability  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

234

1 NUMERICAL MODELING OF COUNTERFLOW DIFFUSION ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of the inhibition, and a new cycle involving FeOOH ... on Counterflow Combustion of Liquid Fuel with Diluted ... Flames of Hydrocarbon Fuels With CF3Br ...

2012-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

235

New Zealand Energy Data: Electricity Balance and Market Data...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

electricity. Included here are three datasets: electricity energy balance (2005 - 2009), electricity market snapshot (2009), and market competition statistics (2004 - 2009).<br>...

236

Wrought TiAl Blades  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

First forged blades have been HPC blades of the Rolls-Royce BR715 engine from Gamma-TAB. The following evolution step was HPC blades for the ...

237

NREL GIS Data: Continental United States Photovoltaic Low Resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain. <br> Further information can...

238

Annual Electricity Consumption (1980 - 2009) Total annual electricity  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Consumption (1980 - 2009) Total annual electricity consumption by country, 1980 to 2009 (billion kilowatthours). Compiled by Energy Information Administration (EIA).<br>...

239

The Study of Heat and Mass Transfer In The Generator For an Absorption Air Conditioning System.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is aimed to study the heat and mass transfer performance of a generator for the absorption cooling system. Both aqueous lithium bromide (LiBr)… (more)

Hsu, Yu-lien

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Textural Development of AA 5754 Sheet Deformed under In ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... summed over all texture components including the ... measured volume fraction of each texture component. ... the volume) and ¯rBR (symmetric in RD ...

2013-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ulysses br anch" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

John Butler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1. Butler , JM., McCord, BR, Jung, JM, Wilson , MR, Budowle, B., Allen, RO (1994) Quantitation of PCR products by capillary electrophoresis using ...

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

242

10-04-2010 CA-B-10-0154  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

incandescence sensor to measure black carbon (BC) and brown carbon (BrC) organic aerosols and their optical and chemical characteristics. Fabrication and laboratory testing...

243

A Lepton Universality Test at CERN NA62 Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The NA62 experiment at CERN collected a large sample of K+ --> enu decays during a dedicated run in 2007, aiming at a precise test of lepton universality by measurement of the helicity suppressed ratio RK = BR(K+ --> enu)/BR(K+ --> munu). A preliminary result of the analysis of a partial data sample of 51089 K+ --> enu candidates is presented.

Evgueni Goudzovski

2010-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

244

PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Fourth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, February 9-11, 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geothermal Salak, Jakarta 10270, Indonesia 2. Chevron Energy Technology Company, Houston TX 77002, USA e, he assumed a steady-state radial flow inside the acid bank and the pressure response can be expressed from Darcy's law as: +=- s wr br kh qB rpwfp ln 2.141 µ , (1) where br is the acid bank radius

Stanford University

245

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 96, pp. 1000610009, August 1999  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

has industrial sources (primarily natural gas leaks of thermogenic origin), as well as a number of methyl bromide (CH3Br), an ozone-depleting gas, is highly uncertain, because it has complex sources. This result suggests that industrial CH3Br is isotopically distinct and that the carbon isotopic composition

Goldstein, Allen

246

Glaser, UMC, Chem210 Notes FS97, 1997 --1 --C h e m i s t r y 2 1 0 --F a l l S e m e s t e r 1 9 9 7C h e m i s t r y 2 1 0 --F a l l S e m e s t e r 1 9 9 7  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-- Preparation (a) Pyrolysis of Methane (Industrial only) 2 methane ---(1200oC, steam)---> HCCH + 3 H2 (b makes the acetylide anion and the acetylene is reformed by hydrolysis. R R C C R C H C- Na+ R C C Br Br

Glaser, Rainer

247

SC Jobs  

Office of Science (SC) Website

A2-65DD19B3FEE1https:www.usajobs.govGetJobViewDetails348127300 Budget Analyst 13-MP-SC-HQ-023 Job Title: Budget Analyst 13-MP-SC-HQ-023<br>Office: Budget<br...

248

Budget  

Office of Science (SC) Website

A2-65DD19B3FEE1https:www.usajobs.govGetJobViewDetails348127300 Budget Analyst 13-MP-SC-HQ-023 Job Title: Budget Analyst 13-MP-SC-HQ-023<br>Office: Budget<br...

249

A robust, fully adaptive hybrid level-set/front-tracking method for two-phase flows with an accurate surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-SP, Brasil. 3 Faculdade de Engenharia Mec^anica, Universidade Federal de Uberl^andia, CEP 38400- 902, Uberl.D. Ceniceros), roma@ime.usp.br (A.M. Roma), aristeus@mecanica.ufu.br (A. Silveira-Neto), mmvillar@mecanica

Ceniceros, Hector D.

250

Powdery mildew control on pumpkin and zucchini with organic and synthetic fungicides: 2010 field trial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LEM 17 + Dyneamic alt Quintec Flag color W Y Pu/K P/Br S Pu Application interval (days) None Application rate (oil, .5% + OE444, 0.5% K/W Pu/B Pu/G O/G O Pu/W G Br O/K

Bay, Ian S.; Eynard, James; Gubler, W D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

A cultural knowledge-based method to support the formation of homophilous online communities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a three-step method to identify people in social networks sites (SNS) who are talking about the same topics, even though they may be from different cultural backgrounds. Our method uses a cultural knowledge base from the OMCS-Br project to ... Keywords: OMCS-Br, cultural translation, homophily, online communities, people with similarities

Junia C. Anacleto; Fernando C. Balbino; Gilberto Astolfi; Sidney Fels; Andre O. Bueno

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

A Taxonomy of C-systems WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 A Taxonomy of C-systems ···· WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil carniell@cle.unicamp.br JO�O MARCOS RUG, Ghent, Belgium, and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil vegetal@cle.unicamp.br Abstract The logics from CNPq / Brazil and from the A. von Humboldt Foundation, and thanks colleagues from the Advanced

Lisboa, Universidade Técnica de

253

A Taxonomy of C-systems WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

15 A Taxonomy of C-systems · WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil carniell@cle.unicamp.br JO�O MARCOS RUG, Ghent, Belgium, and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil vegetal@cle.unicamp.br Abstract The logics from CNPq / Brazil and from the A. von Humboldt Foundation, and thanks colleagues from the Advanced

Lisboa, Universidade Técnica de

254

Fuzzy control for nuclear reactor operation -- strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Assessment of four real fuzzy control applications at the MIT research reactor in the US, the FUGEN heavy water reactor in Japan, the BR1 research reactor in Belgium, and a TRIGA Mark III reactor in Mexico will be analyzed through an analysis of strengths, ... Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Br1 Reactor, Fuzzy Control, Reactor Operation, Triga Mark Iii Reactor

Da Ruan; Jorge S. Benítez-Read

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Reflector Lamps (RIN: 1904-AC15) Program or Field Office:EERE - Buildings Technology Program Location(s} (City/County/State): Nationwide Proposed Action Description: In this NQPR, DOE proposes to adopt new standards for the large diameter Incandescent Reflector Lamps (which will hereafter be referred to as certain "R, ER, and BR IRLs") include: (1) lamps rated 50 watts or less that are ER30, BR30, BR40, or ER40; (2) lamps rated 65 watts that are BR30, BR40, or ER40 lamps; and (3) R20 incandescent reflector lamps rated 45 watts or less. DOE also presents analysis for small diameter lamps and requests further comment on an appropriate standard for these products. The proposed standards, if adopted, would apply to all the

256

CX-007850: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

850: Categorical Exclusion Determination 850: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007850: Categorical Exclusion Determination Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Reflector Lamps CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/09/2012 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy In this Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR), DOE proposes to adopt new standards for the large diameter Incandescent Reflector Lamps (which will hereafter be referred to as certain "R, ER, and BR IRLs") include: (1) lamps rated 50 watts or less that are ER30, BR30, BR40, or ER40; (2) lamps rated 65 watts that are BR30, BR40, or ER40 lamps; and (3) R20 incandescent reflector lamps rated 45 watts or less. DOE also presents analysis for

257

U  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

NRC Has Published Draft Updates of NRC Has Published Draft Updates of NUREG/BR-0006 & 0007 For Public Comment In the March 21, 2007 Federal Register (electronic link) the NRC publicized proposed revisions to NUREG/BR- 0006 and NUREG/BR-0007 for public comment. Following is a repeat of some of the information contained in this Federal Register. "The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is proposing revisions to NUREG/BR-0006, Instructions for the Preparation and Distribution of Material Transaction Reports, and NUREG/BR-0007, Instructions for the Preparation and Distribution of Material Status Reports. The purpose of these revisions are to incorporate (1) proposed rule changes for nuclear material reporting requirements, (2) upgrades to the Nuclear Material Management and Safeguards System, and (3) editorial changes. The NRC is

258

Scaling Laws of Turbulence and Heating of Fast SolarWind: The Role of Density Fluctuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Incompressible and isotropic magnetohydrodynamic turbulence in plasms can be described by an exact relation for the energy flux through the scales. This Yaglom-like scaling law has been recently observed in the solar wind above the solar poles observed by the Ulysses spacecraft, where the turbulence is in an Alfv\\'enic state. An analogous phenomenological scaling law, suitably modified to take into account compressible fluctuations, is observed more frequently in the same dataset. Large scale density fluctuations, despite their low amplitude, play thus a crucial role in the basic scaling properties of turbulence. The turbulent cascade rate in the compressive case can moreover supply the energy dissipation needed to account for the local heating of the non-adiabatic solar wind.

Carbone, V; Sorriso-Valvo, L; Noullez, A; Bruno, R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Data:B590c6e3-b60d-4c0f-ac42-471fb5f216da | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e3-b60d-4c0f-ac42-471fb5f216da e3-b60d-4c0f-ac42-471fb5f216da No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Pioneer Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2012/03/27 End date if known: Rate name: URBAN STREET LIGHTING SERVICE Mercury Lamp 400W Sector: Lighting Description: Available to cities of Manter, Moscow, Rolla and Ulysses for municipal outdoor lighting. This schedule is not applicable to flood lighting installations, private streets, roadway or yard lighting installations for individual consumers, or to lighting for athletic fields, swimming pools, parking lots or other similar projects. This rate applies to accounting schedule 444 Street lights.

260

Data:16b80bda-fa4b-4e33-89bf-1ec556d4b2ab | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fa4b-4e33-89bf-1ec556d4b2ab fa4b-4e33-89bf-1ec556d4b2ab No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Pioneer Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2012/03/27 End date if known: Rate name: URBAN STREET LIGHTING SERVICE Mercury Lamp 250W Sector: Lighting Description: Available to cities of Manter, Moscow, Rolla and Ulysses for municipal outdoor lighting. This schedule is not applicable to flood lighting installations, private streets, roadway or yard lighting installations for individual consumers, or to lighting for athletic fields, swimming pools, parking lots or other similar projects. This rate applies to accounting schedule 444 Street lights.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ulysses br anch" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Data:7f76d1f5-7a18-45b7-b0cf-84c38c414690 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-7a18-45b7-b0cf-84c38c414690 -7a18-45b7-b0cf-84c38c414690 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Pioneer Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2012/03/27 End date if known: Rate name: URBAN STREET LIGHTING SERVICE Sodium Lamp 100W Sector: Lighting Description: Available to cities of Manter, Moscow, Rolla and Ulysses for municipal outdoor lighting. This schedule is not applicable to flood lighting installations, private streets, roadway or yard lighting installations for individual consumers, or to lighting for athletic fields, swimming pools, parking lots or other similar projects. This rate applies to accounting schedule 444 Street lights.

262

Data:1b8688ec-4f23-4ec4-9ccc-ebfd53958fcd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4f23-4ec4-9ccc-ebfd53958fcd 4f23-4ec4-9ccc-ebfd53958fcd No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Pioneer Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2012/03/27 End date if known: Rate name: URBAN STREET LIGHTING SERVICE Sodium Lamp 250W Sector: Lighting Description: Available to cities of Manter, Moscow, Rolla and Ulysses for municipal outdoor lighting. This schedule is not applicable to flood lighting installations, private streets, roadway or yard lighting installations for individual consumers, or to lighting for athletic fields, swimming pools, parking lots or other similar projects. This rate applies to accounting schedule 444 Street lights.

263

Data:Ec806033-39e5-4c11-9627-3124e5bdb212 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ec806033-39e5-4c11-9627-3124e5bdb212 Ec806033-39e5-4c11-9627-3124e5bdb212 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Pioneer Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2012/03/27 End date if known: Rate name: URBAN STREET LIGHTING SERVICE Mercury Lamp 175W Sector: Lighting Description: Available to cities of Manter, Moscow, Rolla and Ulysses for municipal outdoor lighting. This schedule is not applicable to flood lighting installations, private streets, roadway or yard lighting installations for individual consumers, or to lighting for athletic fields, swimming pools, parking lots or other similar projects. This rate applies to accounting schedule 444 Street lights.

264

Data:0bc8df81-1157-463e-8cdd-cd4c215f6a80 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-1157-463e-8cdd-cd4c215f6a80 -1157-463e-8cdd-cd4c215f6a80 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Pioneer Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2012/03/27 End date if known: Rate name: URBAN STREET LIGHTING SERVICE Sodium Lamp 150W Sector: Lighting Description: Available to cities of Manter, Moscow, Rolla and Ulysses for municipal outdoor lighting. This schedule is not applicable to flood lighting installations, private streets, roadway or yard lighting installations for individual consumers, or to lighting for athletic fields, swimming pools, parking lots or other similar projects. This rate applies to accounting schedule 444 Street lights.

265

INTERSTELLAR DUST MODULE FOR THE ESA METEOROID MODEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ESA meteoroid model predicts impacts of meteoroids in the mass range between 10 ?18 to 10 0 g on spacecraft surfaces. It covers heliocentric distances from 0.3 to 20 AU. Measurements of the dust detector on board the highly successful joint ESA/NASA mission Ulysses have shown, that the flux of meteoroids with masses between 10 ?15 and 10 ?12 g is, at least in the outer Solar System, dominated by interstellar dust grains that traverse the Solar System as it travels through the local interstellar cloud. We present a simple semi-analytic interstellar dust model that can easily be included in the ESA meteoroid model, together with a more precise determination of the flux direction of the interstellar dust stream. The model is based on the assumption that interstellar dust dynamics have two effects: solar gravitation and radiation pressure determines the spatial distribution, and Lorentz-interaction of the charged particles creates a temporal variation. 1.

R. Jehn; N. Altobelli; V. Dikarev; E. Grün

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Small-scale anisotropy and intermittency in high and low-latitude solar wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze low and high--latitude fast solar wind data from the Ulysses spacecraft from 1992 to 1994 using a a systematic method to analyse the anisotropic content of the magnetic field fluctuations. We investigate all available frequencies, 1-10^{-6} Hz, for both high and low--latitudes datasets and are able to quantify the relative importance of the anisotropic versus the isotropic fluctuations. We analyse, up to sixth order, longitudinal, transverse and mixed magnetic field correlations. Our results show that strongly intermittent and anisotropic events are present in the solar wind plasma at high frequencies/small scales, indicating the absence of a complete recovery of isotropy. Anisotropic scaling properties are compatible for high and low--latitude data, suggesting a universal behaviour in spite of the different rate of evolution of the fast solar wind streams in the two environments.

A. Bigazzi; L. Biferale; S. M. A. Gama; M. Velli

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

267

Calculational framework for safety analyses of non-reactor nuclear facilities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A calculational framework for the consequences analysis of non-reactor nuclear facilities is presented. The analysis framework starts with accident scenarios which are developed through a traditional hazard analysis and continues with a probabilistic framework for the consequences analysis. The framework encourages the use of response continua derived from engineering judgment and traditional deterministic engineering analyses. The general approach consists of dividing the overall problem into a series of interrelated analysis cells and then devising Markov chain like probability transition matrices for each of the cells. An advantage of this division of the problem is that intermediate output (as probability state vectors) are generated at each calculational interface. The series of analyses when combined yield risk analysis output. The analysis approach is illustrated through application to two non-reactor nuclear analyses: the Ulysses Space Mission, and a hydrogen burn in the Hanford waste storage tanks.

Coleman, J.R.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

The Solar Wind Energy Flux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The solar-wind energy flux measured near the ecliptic is known to be independent of the solar-wind speed. Using plasma data from Helios, Ulysses, and Wind covering a large range of latitudes and time, we show that the solar-wind energy flux is independent of the solar-wind speed and latitude within 10%, and that this quantity varies weakly over the solar cycle. In other words the energy flux appears as a global solar constant. We also show that the very high speed solar-wind (VSW > 700 km/s) has the same mean energy flux as the slower wind (VSW solar-wind speed and density, which formalizes the anti-correlation between these quantities.

Chat, G Le; Meyer-Vernet, N

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

General-Purpose Heat Source Safety Verification Test series: SVT-7 through SVT-10  

SciTech Connect

The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) is a modular component of the radioisotope thermoelectric generator that will supply power for the Galileo and Ulysses (formerly ISPM) space missions. The GPHS provides power by transmitting the heat of /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ ..cap alpha..-decay to an array of thermoelectric elements. Because the possibility of an orbital abort always exists, the heat source was designed and constructed to minimize plutonia release in any accident environment. The Safety Verification Test (SVT) series was formulated to evaluate the effectiveness of GPHS plutonia containment after atmospheric reentry and Earth impact. The first report (covering SVT-1 through SVT-6) described the results of flat and side-on module impacts. This report describes module impacts at angles of 15/sup 0/ and 30/sup 0/.

George, T.G.; Pavone, D.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Space Nuclear Power: Opening the Final Frontier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear power sources have enabled or enhanced some of the most challenging and exciting space missions yet conducted, including missions such as the Pioneer flights to Jupiter, Saturn, and beyond; the Voyager flights to Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and beyond; the Apollo lunar surface experiments; the Viking Lander studies of Mars; the Ulysses mission to study the polar regions of the Sun; the Galileo mission that orbited Jupiter; the Cassini mission orbiting Saturn and the recently launched New Horizons mission to Pluto. In addition, radioisotope heater units have enhanced or enabled the Mars exploration rover missions (Sojourner, Spirit and Opportunity). Since 1961, the United States has successfully flown 41 radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs) and one reactor to provide power for 24 space systems. The former Soviet Union has reportedly flown at least 35 nuclear reactors and at least two RTGs to power 37 space systems. 1.

Gary L. Bennett

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Burstman: a portable GRB detector for really long voyages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The renewal of the Ulysses mission to the year 2001, and the failure of Mars Observer, once more leave the Interplanetary Network with only two widely spaced components. We have therefore developed and begun to build a small GRB detector for the Russian Mars `96 mission. A prototype has now been delivered to Russia for spacecraft tests. Three interesting features of this experiment are first, that it measures both particles and gamma rays, second, that it is not much larger than a Walkman (hence the name), and third, that it is being constructed with support only from discretionary funds at a numbs of institutes. We discuss the types of measurements that Burstman will make, as well as the quantity and quality of the small error boxes that will be obtained during the two year (nominal) Mars `96 mission.

Hurley, K.; Primbsch, J.H.; Berg, P. [and others

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Small-scale anisotropy and intermittency in high and low-latitude solar wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze low and high--latitude fast solar wind data from the Ulysses spacecraft from 1992 to 1994 using a a systematic method to analyse the anisotropic content of the magnetic field fluctuations. We investigate all available frequencies, 1-10^{-6} Hz, for both high and low--latitudes datasets and are able to quantify the relative importance of the anisotropic versus the isotropic fluctuations. We analyse, up to sixth order, longitudinal, transverse and mixed magnetic field correlations. Our results show that strongly intermittent and anisotropic events are present in the solar wind plasma at high frequencies/small scales, indicating the absence of a complete recovery of isotropy. Anisotropic scaling properties are compatible for high and low--latitude data, suggesting a universal behaviour in spite of the different rate of evolution of the fast solar wind streams in the two environments.

Bigazzi, A; Gama, S M A; Velli, M

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Modeling Accelerated Pick-up Ion Distributions at an Interplanetary Shock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The acceleration of interstellar pick-up ions as well as solar wind species has been observed at a multitude of interplanetary (IP) shocks by different spacecraft. The efficiency of injection of the pick-up ion component differs from that of the solar wind, and is expected to be strongly enhanced at highly oblique and quasi-perpendicular shock events, in accord with inferences from {\\it in situ} observations. This paper explores theoretical modeling of the phase space distributions of accelerated ions obtained by the Ulysses mission for the Day 292, 1991 shock associated with a corotating interaction region, encountered before Ulysses' fly-by of Jupiter. A Monte Carlo simulation is used to model the acceleration process, adapting a technique that has been successfully tested on earlier IP shocks possessing minimal pick-up ion presence. Phase space distributions from the simulation technique for various low mass ions are compared with SWICS and HI-SCALE data to deduce values of a ``turbulence parameter'' that controls the efficiency of injection, and the degree of cross-field diffusion. Acceptable fits are obtained for the $H^+$ and $He^+$ populations using standard prescriptions for the pick-up ion distribution; $He^{++}$ spectral data was only fit well for scenarios very close to the Bohm diffusion limit. It is also found that the simulation successfully accounts for the observation of energetic protons farther upstream of the forward shock than lower energy pick-up protons, using the same turbulence parameter that is required to achieve reasonable spectral fits.

Errol J. Summerlin; Matthew G. Baring

2005-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

274

Experimental and theoretical study of flame inhibition by bromine-containing compounds  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present paper represents the first effort to date in which a combined experimental and theoretical approach has been used to study the effects of several inhibitors on hydrocarbon-air flames. This work is part of an attempt to build a consistent picture of chemical kinetic flame inhibition, beginning with a simple halogen molecule such as HBr and progressing sequentially towards more complex and more practical inhibitors such as CF/sub 3/Br. Inhibition efficiency can be defined as the rate of flame speed reduction, the amount of flame speed change per unit inhibitor added. Both the numerical model and the flame tube measurements found that the inhibition efficiency gradually decreases as the amount of inhibitor is increased. The present experimental and modeling results are shown, together with earlier data for CF/sub 3/Br-CH/sub 4/-air and CF/sub 3/Br-C/sub 3/H/sub 8/-air as well as HBr-CH/sub 4/-air, CH/sub 3/Br-CH/sub 4/-air and CF/sub 3/Br-CH/sub 4/-air. In the numerical study it was found that a stoichiometric methane-air mixture with up to 8% methyl bromide could support a flame, propagating at a speed of about 5 cm/sec, even though the addition of the first 1% of CH/sub 3/Br had reduced the flame speed from 38 cm/sec to about 26 cm/sec. Extensions of the model to include CF/sub 3/Br are currently under development. The available experimental data suggest that CF/sub 3/Br is somewhat more efficient as an inhibitor than HBr or CH/sub 3/Br.

Westbrook, C.K.; Beason, D.G.; Alvares, N.J.

1981-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

275

Tumor Response and Apoptosis of N1-S1 Rodent Hepatomas in Response to Intra-arterial and Intravenous Benzamide Riboside  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Benzamide riboside (BR) induces tumor apoptosis in multiple cell lines and animals. This pilot study compares apoptosis and tumor response in rat hepatomas treated with hepatic arterial BR (IA) or intravenous (IV) BR. Methods: A total of 10{sup 6} N1-S1 cells were placed in the left hepatic lobes of 15 Sprague-Dawley rats. After 2 weeks, BR (20 mg/kg) was infused IA (n = 5) or IV (n = 5). One animal in each group was excluded for technical factors, which prevented a full dose administration (1 IA and 1 IV). Five rats received saline (3 IA and 2 IV). Animals were killed after 3 weeks. Tumor volumes after IA and IV treatments were analyzed by Wilcoxon rank sum test. The percentage of tumor and normal liver apoptosis was counted by using 10 fields of TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling)-stained slides at 40 Multiplication-Sign magnification. The percentage of apoptosis was compared between IV and IA administrations and with saline sham-treated rats by the Wilcoxon rank sum test. Results: Tumors were smaller after IA treatment, but this did not reach statistical significance (0.14 IA vs. 0.57 IV; P = 0.138). There was much variability in percentage of apoptosis and no significant difference between IA and IV BR (44.49 vs. 1.52%; P = 0.18); IA BR and saline (44.49 vs. 33.83%; P = 0.66); or IV BR and saline (1.52 vs. 193%; P = 0.18). Conclusions: Although differences in tumor volumes did not reach statistical significance, there was a trend toward smaller tumors after IA BR than IV BR in this small pilot study. Comparisons of these treatment methods will require a larger sample size and repeat experimentation.

McLennan, Gordon, E-mail: gmclenna@me.com; Bennett, Stacy L. [Cleveland Clinic, Imaging Institute and Department of Bioengineering (United States); Ju, Shenghong [Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, Department of Radiology (China); Babsky, Andriy; Bansal, Navin; Shorten, Michelle L. [Indiana University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences (United States); Levitin, Seth [Cleveland Clinic, Imaging Institute and Department of Bioengineering (United States); Bonnac, Laurent; Panciewicz, Krystoff W. [University of Minnesota Center for Drug Design (United States); Jayaram, Hiramagular N. [Indiana University and Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center, Department of Biochemistry (United States)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

276

Potential influence of iodine-containing compounds on the chemistry of the troposphere in the polar spring. I. Ozone depletion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Iodine in the atmosphere, identified largely by the presence of IO, is a ubiquitous component of the troposphere in coastal and oceanic areas. The role, if any, that iodine chemistry plays in the polar ozone depletion episodes is not known. These events are rationalized today largely in terms of Br2- and BrCl-initiated reactions. The potential for enhancement of ozone depletions through the presence of iodine-containing molecules (I{sub 2}, IBr, ICl, CH{sub 2}I{sub 2}, CH{sub 2}IBr, CH{sub 2}ICl, and CH{sub 3}I) is investigated in this study. Computer simulations of the homogeneous chemistry are made using a reasonably complete reaction mechanism for Br-, Cl- and I-containing species together with representative chemistry of trace gases in the clean troposphere. The extent of uncertain alternative pathways and efficiencies for OIO and I{sub 2}O{sub 2} photolyses are varied over a range of possible values to establish the sensitivity of the depletion events to these variables. The study shows that significant enhancements of the polar ozone depletion are expected when small amounts of iodine-containing compounds such as CH{sub 2}I{sub 2}, IBr, or ICl are present in a polar air mass containing representative Br{sub 2}-BrCl-trace gas mixtures. The synergistic effect of the iodine compounds results from additional halogen-atom formation from IO-IO, IO-BrO, and IO-ClO reactions. Measurements of IO and precursor iodine-containing compounds are encouraged for future polar spring studies, as well as currently acknowledged important trace species (O{sub 3}, CH{sub 2}O, BrO, Br{sub 2}, and BrCl).

Calvert, Jack G [ORNL; Lindberg, Steven Eric [ORNL

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Comparison of the Distributions of Bromine, Lead and Zinc in Tooth and Bone from an Ancient Peruvian Burial site by X-ray Fluorescence  

SciTech Connect

Synchrotron micro X-ray fluorescence was used to study the distribution of selected trace elements (Zn, Pb, and Br) in tooth and bone samples obtained from an individual from a pre-Columbian archaeological site (Cabur) located on the north coast of Peru. The results show that Zn, Pb, and Br are present in both the teeth and bone samples and that the Zn and Pb seem to be confined to similar regions (cementum and periostium), while Br shows a novel distribution with enrichment close to the Haversian canals and (or) in regions that appear to be Ca deficient.

Martin,R.; Naftel, S.; Nelson, A.; Sapp, W.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Global Energy & Mining Data, World Bank (1970 - 2007)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the following contents:<br>

  • Alternative and Nuclear Energy: Percentage of Total Energy Use
  • Combustible Renewables and Waste: Metric Tons of Oil...

279

Exp Astron (2012) 33:529585 DOI 10.1007/s10686-011-9252-3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science and Technology and Depart- ment of Mathematics b Department of Meteorology c Institute for Plasma Research and Departments of Physics and of Electrical Engineering 1] D.J. Patil, B.R. Hunt, E. Kalnay, E

Wieczorek, Mark

280

Low temperature Direct Use Geothermal Facilities Contains generating  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low temperature Direct Use Geothermal Facilities Contains generating capacity information for low temperature direct use geothermal facilities by state.<br> 2010-08-10T17:02:22Z...

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281

Brazil Latitude Tilted Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.<br>The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

282

Brazil Diffuse Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.<br> The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

283

South America Latitude Tilted SR Solar Model from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Space Research) and the ARCVIEW software were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.<br>The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

284

Brazil Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files. <br>The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

285

South America Diffuse SR Solar Model from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Space Research) and the ARCVIEW software were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.<br>The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

286

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

oE 1 oE 1 ) Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. ) Case Number: 201 0-CE-1012 (Incandescent reflector lamps) 1 ) NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: September 8,2010 Number of alleged violations: 7 M a x i m ~ ~ m possible assessment: $374,560 Proposed civil penalty: $51,100 The Office of the General Counsel of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) alleges that Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. (Aero-Tech) violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. 5 6201 et seq., 10 C.F.R. Part 430, or both. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. Aero-Tech manufactures andlor privately labels a variety of incandescent reflector lamps, including models: 75BR40/* * (ULA 29), 1 OOBR40/** (ULA 24), 120BR40/** (ULA 25), 100BR38/"* (ULA 32), 150 BR 381"" (ULA 33), and

287

blog  

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files from Franklin scratch file systems

  • Mon Apr 30, 23:59: User logins are disabled
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  • 288

    Heat Pipe Performance Enhancement with Binary Mixture Fluids that Exhibit Strong Concentration Marangoni Effects  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    inclined, gravity-assisted, brass heat pipe with a 0.05M 2-inclined, gravity-assisted, brass heat pipe, with a 0.05M 2-Evaporator c Condenser Br Brass adia Adiabatic in input cold

    Armijo, Kenneth Miguel

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    289

    Optimization Online - Robust mid-term power generation management  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Feb 23, 2011 ... Robust mid-term power generation management. Vincent Guigues(vguigues *** at*** puc-rio.br) René Aid(rene.aid ***at*** edf.fr) Papa Momar ...

    290

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 4.1 World Natural Gas Production, 2001 ...

    291

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww 1.4 World Coal Consumption, 1980-2007 (Million Short Tons) - - NA

    292

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... 6.4 World Electricity Installed Capacity by Type, January 1, 2006 Conventional

    293

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... Table 6.2 World Total Net Electricity Consumption, 1980-2006 (Billion ...

    294

    www.eia.gov  

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    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... H.2 World Carbon Dioxide Emissions from the Consumption of Petroleum, 1980-2006

    295

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - NA 2.5 World Coal Production, 1980-2007 ...

    296

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... Table 8.2 World Estimated Recoverable Coal (Million Short Tons)

    297

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww 3.5 World Apparent Consumption of Refined Petroleum Products, 2004

    298

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... 1.3 World Dry Natural Gas Consumption, 1980-2006 Table Notes ...

    299

    3190.ps  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    ?F. W. Kong(fk07@doc.ic.ac.uk), B. Rustem(br@doc.ic.ac.uk). Department ... subscribes to the subjectivist Bayesian view of the world that assumes every player.

    300

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - F.1 World Primary Energy Production (Btu ...

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    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 3.2 World Output of Refined Petroleum ...

    302

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... H.1gco2 World Carbon Intensity--World Carbon Dioxide ...

    303

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 8.1 World Crude Oil and Natural Gas Reserves ...

    304

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... E.6 World Net Nuclear Electric Power Consumption (Btu), 1980 ...

    305

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww - - NA 3.5 World Apparent Consumption of Refined Petroleum ...

    306

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - G.2 World Production of Crude Oil, NGPL, ...

    307

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww - - NA (Quadrillion (10 15) Btu) F.5 World Coal Production (Btu ...

    308

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... 3.5 World Apparent Consumption of Refined Petroleum Products ...

    309

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - NA 3.1 World Petroleum Supply and ...

    310

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 6.3 World Net Electricity Generation by Type ...

    311

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 3.6 World Crude Oil Refining Capacity ...

    312

    Confidence Intervals for the Hyperparameters in Structural Models  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Gerais, 31270-901 - Belo Horizonte - MG, Brazil E-mail: {glauraf,thiagors,jujujar,fcruz}@ufmg.br November. The performance of this procedure is empirically obtained through Monte Carlo simulations implemented in Ox. Asymp

    Cruz, Frederico

    313

    hal-00194169,version1-5Dec2007 Log-average periodogram estimator of the  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    , Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. e-mail: glaura@est.ufmg.br Abstract averaged over epochs. The proposed estimator is theoretically justified and empirical Monte Carlo

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    314

    Congested Emergency Evacuation of a Population Using a Finite Automata Approach  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Minas Gerais, 31270-901, Belo Horizonte, MG E-mail: {duczmal,fcruz}@est.ufmg.br Abstract: In this paper, including Monte Carlo simulations (Kirchner & Schadschneider, 2002a; Smith et al., 2009; Guo & Tang, 2012

    Cruz, Frederico

    315

    AEO2011: Oil and Gas End-of-Year Reserves and Annual Reserve...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is table 134, and contains only the reference case. The data is broken down into Crude oil, dry natural gas. <br>

    316

    Questions and Answers - Why aren't Chlorine-35 and Chlorine-37...  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    if it has no uses?) What makes hassium an<br>element if it has no uses? Why aren't Chlorine-35 and Chlorine-37 two different elements? Chlorine-35 and chlorine-37 are not...

    317

    b097.dvi  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    REFID31680 KELLY 78 HUPD-7813 44 R.L. Kelly (LBL) Meeting on Exotic Resonances, Hiroshima. REFID31679 MARTIN 76 Oxford Conf. 409 B.R. Martin (LOUC) Rapporteur talk....

    318

    Property:Incentive/IncAmt | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    IncAmt" Showing 1 page using this property. I Independence Power and Light - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate (Missouri) + Air Conditioners: 137 - 260, varies by unit size<br...

    319

    TRACY, A IDOL FOR ACCELERATOR DESIGN AND ANALYSIS  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Program File ---- progrRm COD(ALSI2.1ot);«-- ign latticeitBUMp(O.2,O.1); ( inil COD correction mutine 1 SetCODparm(motion Distribution of COD rms before correction IIrlBr

    Nishimura, H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    320

    451.ps - Optimization Online  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    E-mail address, C.C. Ribeiro: celso@inf.puc-rio.br. (F. Glover) Leeds School of Business, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder,. CO 80309-0419, United ...

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    321

    FOR SALE  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    trailer, life jackets, rod holders. Asking 7,000 (2k under book price). Call Tom McKinsey (630) 906-9653. s House, Warrenville, near Batavia Rd gate, bike to work, 7 rm, 3 br,...

    322

    Glossary Term - Vanadis  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    Van de Graaff Generator Previous Term (Van de Graaff Generator) Glossary Main Index Next Term (10 Most Abundant Compounds in the Earth's Crust) 10 Most Abundant Compounds<br>in the...

    323

    Glossary Term - 10 Most Abundant Compounds in the Earth's Crust  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    Vanadis Previous Term (Vanadis) Glossary Main Index Next Term (10 Most Abundant Elements in the Earth's Crust) 10 Most Abundant Elements<br>in the Earth's Crust 10 Most Abundant...

    324

    careInlorlladon Infrastructure:  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    ... BrInging HeaithcG1eOnline: Th~ Rot. of infotmotIon Technologiu, OTA-rrc-624, USGovernment PrInting Office. Washington. Dc.1995.) ...

    2012-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    325

    National Aeronautics and Space ...  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    30-Year Mean Monthly Climatology 1961-1990 (New et al.) * Stratospheric Chemistry Ozone, CIO, BrO, OH, trace gases LaRC ASDC http:eosweb.larc.nasa.gov SAGE III L2 Solar Event...

    326

    10 September 1999 Z .Chemical Physics Letters 310 1999 485494  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    of multiple sets of data to the polyno- mial: Ã?sAqBr qCr2 qDr3 qEr4 , 3Z .r r r r with r srrrr c ZThe widths

    Maroncelli, Mark

    327

    Transportation Sector Energy Use by Fuel Type Within a Mode from...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Transportation Sector Energy Use by Fuel Type Within a Mode from EIA AEO 2011 Early Release Supplemental Table 46 of EIA AEO 2011 Early Release<br> 2011-02-23T15:55:10Z...

    328

    AEO2011: Renewable Energy Generation by Fuel - Western Electricity  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    kilowatthours and quadrillion Btu. The data is broken down into generating capacity, electricity generation and energy consumption.<br> 2011-07-25T20:15:39Z...

    329

    A High-Volume Cryosampler and Sample Purification System for Bromine Isotope Studies of Methyl Bromide  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    A system was developed for collecting from the ambient atmosphere the methyl halides CH3Cl and CH3Br in quantities sufficient for chlorine and bromine isotope analysis. The construction and operation of the novel cryogenic collection system (...

    Brett F. Thornton; Axel Horst; Daniel Carrizo; Henry Holmstrand; Per Andersson; Patrick M. Crill; Örjan Gustafsson

    330

    Energy Technology Cost and Performance Data

    This data indicates...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    energy and other technologies. The estimates are shown in dollars per installed kilowatts of generating capacity.

    <br>

    This data provides a compilation of...

    331

    Previous Session  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    ... AlPO4, Fe PO4, SnBr4), and hydroxides (ice, Ca(OH)2, Co(OH)2). In these materials, the crystal transforms polymorphically to a higher density glassy phase

    332

    Questions and Answers - How many electrons fit in each shell...  

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    are electrons so far<br>away from the nucleus? Previous Question (Why are electrons so far away from the nucleus?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (How are electrons...

    333

    Fusion Materials  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Mar 6, 2013 ... Base metal and weld metal of NIFS-HEAT-2, a reference high-purity V-4Cr-4Ti alloy, were irradiated in JMTR, JOYO, HFIR and BR-II reactor up ...

    334

    The Opossum  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    spread northward as far as central Wisconsin and Michigan, southern Ontario and Vermont. Br'er Possum is a queer beast. He is a living fossil. Near the end of the Age of...

    335

    DOE Recovery Act Awardees The data contained within the .xls...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    be updated weekly by the DOE. <br> 2010-12-16T22:30:08Z 2011-01-03T16:54:34Z http:www.energy.govrecoverydocumentsrecoveryactfunding.xls I accessed this dataset from a public...

    336

    Questions and Answers - Why does rubbing plastic and wool together...  

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    the word atom come<br>from and who first used this word? Why does rubbing plastic and wool together create electricity? In the more technical writings, this phenomenon is called...

    337

    AEOP2011:Electricity Generation Capacity by Electricity Market...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AEOP2011:Electricity Generation Capacity by Electricity Market Module Region and Source <br>

    338

    AEO2011: Electricity Generation by Electricity Market Module...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Generation by Electricity Market Module Region and Source <br>

    339

    Heat Pipe Performance Enhancement with Binary Mixture Fluids that Exhibit Strong Concentration Marangoni Effects  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Q ? Al in the heat transfer process and the relation betweenv and Q ? Br in the heat transfer process, and the relationan internal cavity. This heat transfer process for the heat

    Armijo, Kenneth Miguel

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    340

    C:\\My Documents\\FORMS\\DOE F 4200.41.cdr  

    Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

    PROCUREMENT AND FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE 4. B&R NO. 5. DOLLARS 6. WORK FOR OTHERS FA See Handbook for the Preparation of the Individual Procurement Action Report Original - Contract...

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    341

    Webster Co. Kanawha Co. Cabell C  

    Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

    RED HOUSE DOR R RU N MILLWOOD TIME GREENSBORO FREEMANS CR EEK FISHER SLIGO BAR BER RIDGE HOM EST EAD TAN NER RICHAR DSON BU RGET TST OWN BR NT H SE-LCRN E MEH AFF Y WEBSTER...

    342

    Light-Duty Vehicle Energy Consumption by Technology Type from...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Light-Duty Vehicle Energy Consumption by Technology Type from EIA AEO 2011 Early Release Supplemental Table 47 of EIA AEO 2011 Early Release<br> 2011-02-23T15:57:46Z...

    343

    Age effects on atrophy rates of entorhinal cortex and hippocampus  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    WJ, et al. Higher atrophy rate of entorhinal cortex thanBL, Reed BR, et al. Atrophy rates of entorhinal cortex in ADPC, Smith GE, Ivnik RJ, et al. Rates of hippocampal atrophy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    344

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - West South...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T19:02:48Z 2011-08-04T15:59:26Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    345

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - New England...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T18:48:13Z 2011-08-31T17:26:50Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    346

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - East South...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T19:00:44Z 2011-08-04T16:01:41Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    347

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - United States...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T19:10:42Z 2011-08-04T15:37:20Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    348

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - West North...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T18:55:30Z 2011-08-23T22:29:34Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    349

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - Mountain ...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T19:04:37Z 2011-08-04T15:57:20Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    350

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - South Atlantic...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T18:57:56Z 2011-08-04T18:09:40Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    351

    Program Publication (Please visit the PAC'11Website, www.bnl.gov/pac11, and PAC'11 Mobile Edition,  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Science and Technology and Depart- ment of Mathematics b Department of Meteorology c Institute for Plasma Research and Departments of Physics and of Electrical Engineering 1] D.J. Patil, B.R. Hunt, E. Kalnay, E

    352

    Section 39  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    e ' m 4 0 Q e (r)Br 2 n(r)dr Session Papers 161 Cloud Processing of Aerosols and Their Effects on Aerosol Radiative Properties Q. Liu and Y. L. Kogan Cooperative Institute for...

    353

    Exhibition Pre-Show Directory  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Power Generation. Clayburn owns and ..... abroad (SaAz & BrAz in Russia). HART has implemented a third ..... can be cast in one set-up. Less than 1 percent of.

    354

    AEO2011: Electricity Trade

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    trade, gross domestic sales, international electricity trade, imports and exports to Canada and Mexico. <br> 2011-08-01T19:29:49Z 2011-08-04T15:35:21Z http:...

    355

    The contrastive research in the photocatalytic activity of BiOBr synthesized by different reactants  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    BiOBr nanoplates, marked as ?-BiOBr and ?-BiOBr, were synthesized via hydrothermal method using cetylpyridinium bromide (CPB) and NaBr as reactants, respectively. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM), N2 ...

    Wang Ling-Li; Ma Wan-Hong; Wang Shu-Lian; Zhang Yu; Jia Man-Ke; Li Rui-Ping; Zhang Ai-Qing; Huang Ying-Ping

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    356

    A High-Volume Cryosampler and Sample Purification System for Bromine Isotope Studies of Methyl Bromide  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    A system was developed for collecting from the ambient atmosphere the methyl halides CH3Cl and CH3Br in quantities sufficient for chlorine and bromine isotope analysis. The construction and operation of the novel cryogenic collection system (...

    Brett F. Thornton; Axel Horst; Daniel Carrizo; Henry Holmstrand; Per Andersson; Patrick M. Crill; Örjan Gustafsson

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    357

    Effects of Air Emissions Controls on Coal Combustion Products: Interim Data Report  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) is collecting information describing the effects of air emissions controls on coal combustion products (CCPs) as they pertain to disposal and use. Specifically, data are being collected to assess the impacts of calcium bromide (CaBr2) addition to coal, refined coal, halogen injection in the boiler, brominated activated carbon injection (BrACI) in the flue gas, dry sorbent injection (DSI) in the flue gas, and flue gas desulfurization (FGD) ...

    2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    358

    MPI-PhT/2003-28 Some results on distinction of Higgs boson models  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    MPI-PhT/2003-28 Some results on distinction of Higgs boson models #3; Jaume Guasch a , Wolfgang on the analysis of the ratio of branching ratios R = BR(H ! b #22; b)=BR(H ! #28; + #28; ) of Higgs boson decays and the e + e Linear Collider at 500 GeV center of mass energy. The search of a Higgs boson is nowadays

    359

    Criticality Safety Basics for INL Emergency Responders  

    SciTech Connect

    This document is a modular self-study guide about criticality safety principles for Idaho National Laboratory emergency responders. This guide provides basic criticality safety information for people who, in response to an emergency, might enter an area that contains much fissionable (or fissile) material. The information should help responders understand unique factors that might be important in responding to a criticality accident or in preventing a criticality accident while responding to a different emergency. <br>> This study guide specifically supplements web-based training for firefighters (0INL1226) and includes information for other Idaho National Laboratory first responders. However, the guide audience also includes other first responders such as radiological control personnel.<br>> For interested readers, this guide includes clearly marked additional information that will not be included on tests. The additional information includes historical examples (Been there. Done that.), as well as facts and more in-depth information (Did you know …). <br>> INL criticality safety personnel revise this guide as needed to reflect program changes, user requests, and better information. Revision 0, issued May 2007, established the basic text. Revision 1 incorporates operation, program, and training changes implemented since 2007. Revision 1 increases focus on first responders because later responders are more likely to have more assistance and guidance from facility personnel and subject matter experts. Revision 1 also completely reorganized the training to better emphasize physical concepts behind the criticality controls that help keep emergency responders safe. The changes are based on and consistent with changes made to course 0INL1226.<br>>

    Valerie L. Putman

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    360

    Evaluation of Alkali Bromide Salts for Potential Pyrochemical Applications  

    SciTech Connect

    Transient techniques were employed to study the electrochemical behavior, reduction mechanism and transport properties of REBr3 (RE - La, Nd and Gd) in pure LiBr, LiBr-KBr (eutectic) and LiBr-KBr-CsBr (eutectic) melts. Gd(III) showed a reversible single step soluble-insoluble exchange phenomenon in LiBr melt at 973K. Although La (III), Nd(III) and Gd(III) ions showed reversible behavior in eutectic LiBr-KBr melts, these ions showed a combination of temperature dependent reversible and pseudo-reversible behavior. While both La(III) and Gd(III) showed one step reduction, the reduction of Nd(III) was observed to be a two step process. La metal could be electrodeposited from the ternary electrolyte at a temperature of 673K. Various electrochemical measurements suggest that both binary and ternary bromide melts can potentially be used to electrodeposit high purity RE metals at comparatively lower operating temperatures.

    Prabhat K. Tripathy; Steven D. Herrmann; Guy L. Fredrickson; Tedd E. Lister; Toni Y. Gutknecht

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ulysses br anch" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    361

    Search for B ? Kll and B ? K*ll decays  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    We have searched for the flavor-changing-neutral-current (FCNC) decays B ! K` + ` \\Gamma and B ! K ` + ` \\Gamma . Using a data sample of 2.17\\Theta10 6 B B events, we find 90% confidence level upper limits on the branching ratios: BR(B \\Gamma ! K \\Gamma e + e \\Gamma ) ! 1:2 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma5 , BR( B 0 ! K 0 e + e \\Gamma ) ! 1:6 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma5 , BR(B \\Gamma ! K \\Gamma + \\Gamma ) ! 0:9 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma5 , BR( B 0 ! K 0 + \\Gamma ) ! 3:1 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma5 , BR(B \\Gamma ! K \\Gamma e \\Sigma \\Upsilon ) ! 1:2 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma5 , and BR( B 0 ! K 0 e \\Sigma \\Upsilon ) ! 2:7 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma5 . The limit on B 0 ! K 0 e + e \\Gamma is within a factor of 3 of the branching ratio predicted by the Standard Model. Permanent address: University of Hawaii at Manoa y Permanent address: INP, Novosibirsk, Russia 2 In the Standard Model (SM), flavor-changing-neutral-current (FCNC) decays are fo...

    R. Balest

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    362

    bis(2-pyridylmethylene)propane-1,3diamine]manganese(II) (1/2/1) In-Chul Hwang a and Kwang Ha b *  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    R factor = 0.045; wR factor = 0.116; data-to-parameter ratio = 16.6. There are three different Mn II complexes in the asymmetric unit of the title compound, [Mn(C15H16N4)(H2O)2]Br2-2{[MnBr(C15H16N4)(H2O)]Br} [MnBr2(C15H16N4)]. In the neutral complex, the Mn 2+ ion is six-coordinated in a distorted octahedral environment by four N atoms of the tetradentate ligand N,N0-bis(2-pyridylmethylene)propane-1,3-diamine (bppd) and two bromide ligands. In the two cationic complexes, the Mn 2+ ions are also six-coordinated in similar environments, but one Mn ion is coordinated by four N atoms of bppd, one Br atom and one O atom of a coordinating water molecule, whereas the other Mn ion is coordinated by four N atoms of bppd and two O atoms of water ligands. The complexes with two coordinated Br atoms or two H2O ligands are disposed about a twofold axis through Mn and C atoms with the special positions ( 1 1 2, y, 0) and (0, y,

    Monoclinic C

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    363

    T'  

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    j: ;;I : j: ;;I : T' j-jE: i t 1 \ ,iu" I;ts'J-F.; ~+X'l'W~ 20, ,$57 I::anch T;3 cl:l:i xi ~,.&A O.Cfice !J su T>J 3x : sz\,T[jC; 03 NO&( Q>i SU~c$LJ.]~&jCT AT-32 \XTA ' ~~~A?~~IfR~ I&LfX l~LULJT~.Cll..Z~~~~C p" ,- ' \' , , i;l ,,"p' ,~~?;""r~~~~, >,a .;. .,-' $" Y' J pi\rSs;lcJj tJT ~~$TIC~~:3J, LEtCX~ C@>L?AllY Tf-j.! ' \:$.:,.,. ::~;{li~tS.Lc, + J *yJ.-f- *a:.*~ y,,.: -...: -;s< ,,& ,..i' ii: .:' ;:;;t _ . . ..3 ^ 1 L:" 'ihe pym;+';i: of t,h& me;r,orandUn 2s kc, S~T~r;~~.ize tl?E S bklS of Work uErl.yr & sj:pJ;' j-ct su-bcor:tlxLct bet%e:'7! ciihxI:'D 2nd Lhr: Tit2Cxx-i

    364

    Gas Phase Chromatography of some Group 4, 5, and 6 Halides  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Gas phase chromatography using The Heavy Element Volatility Instrument (HEVI) and the On Line Gas Apparatus (OLGA III) was used to determine volatilities of ZrBr{sub 4}, HfBr{sub 4}, RfBr{sub 4}, NbBr{sub 5}, TaOBr{sub 3}, HaCl{sub 5}, WBr{sub 6}, FrBr, and BiBr{sub 3}. Short-lived isotopes of Zr, Hf, Rf, Nb, Ta, Ha, W, and Bi were produced via compound nucleus reactions at the 88-Inch Cyclotron at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and transported to the experimental apparatus using a He gas transport system. The isotopes were halogenated, separated from the other reaction products, and their volatilities determined by isothermal gas phase chromatography. Adsorption Enthalpy ({Delta}H{sub a}) values for these compounds were calculated using a Monte Carlo simulation program modeling the gas phase chromatography column. All bromides showed lower volatility than molecules of similar molecular structures formed as chlorides, but followed similar trends by central element. Tantalum was observed to form the oxybromide, analogous to the formation of the oxychloride under the same conditions. For the group 4 elements, the following order in volatility and {Delta}H{sub a} was observed: RfBr{sub 4} > ZrBr{sub 4} > HfBr{sub 4}. The {Delta}H{sub a} values determined for the group 4, 5, and 6 halides are in general agreement with other experimental data and theoretical predictions. Preliminary experiments were performed on Me-bromides. A new measurement of the half-life of {sup 261}Rf was performed. {sup 261}Rf was produced via the {sup 248}Cm({sup 18}O, 5n) reaction and observed with a half-life of 74{sub -6}{sup +7} seconds, in excellent agreement with the previous measurement of 78{sub -6}{sup +11} seconds. We recommend a new half-life of 75{+-}7 seconds for {sup 261}Rf based on these two measurements. Preliminary studies in transforming HEVI from an isothermal (constant temperature) gas phase chromatography instrument to a thermochromatographic (variable temperature) instrument have been completed. Thermochromatography is a technique that can be used to study the volatility and {Delta}H{sub a} of longer-lived isotopes off-line, Future work will include a comparison between the two techniques and the use of thermochromatography to study isotopes in a wider range of half-lives and molecular structures.

    Sylwester, Eric Robert

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    365

    The Correlation of Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer Experimental Data for Vertical Falling Film Absorption  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Absorption chillers are gaining global acceptance as quality comfort cooling systems. These machines are the central chilling plants and the supply for cotnfort cooling for many large commercial buildings. Virtually all absorption chillers use lithium bromide (LiBr) and water as the absorption fluids. Water is the refrigerant. Research has shown LiBr to he one of the best absorption working fluids because it has a high affinity for water, releases water vapor at relatively low temperatures, and has a boiling point much higher than that of water. The heart of the chiller is the absorber, where a process of simultaneous heat and mass transfer occurs as the refrigerant water vapor is absorbed into a falling film of aqueous LiBr. The more water vapor absorbed into the falling film, the larger the chiller?s capacity for supporting comfort cooling. Improving the performance of the absorber leads directly to efficiency gains for the chiller. The design of an absorber is very empirical and requires experimental data. Yet design data and correlations are sparse in the open literature. The experimental data available to date have been derived at LiBr concentrations ranging from 0.30 to 0.60 mass fraction. No literature data are readily available for the design operating conditions of 0.62 and 0.64 mass fraction of LiBr and absorber pressures of 0.7 and 1.0 kPa.

    Keyhani, M.; Miller, W.A.

    1999-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    366

    Water adsorption, solvation and deliquescence of alkali halide thin films on SiO2 studied by ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    The adsorption of water on KBr thin films evaporated onto SiO2 was investigated as a function of relative humidity (RH) by ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. At 30percent RH adsorbed water reaches a coverage of approximately one monolayer. As the humidity continues to increase, the coverage of water remains constant or increases very slowly until 60percent RH, followed by a rapid increase up to 100percent RH. At low RH a significant number of the Br atoms are lost due to irradiation damage. With increasing humidity solvation increases ion mobility and gives rise to a partial recovery of the Br/K ratio. Above 60percent RH the increase of the Br/K ratio accelerates. Above the deliquescence point (85percent RH), the thickness of the water layer continues to increase and reaches more than three layers near saturation. The enhancement of the Br/K ratio at this stage is roughly a factor 2.3 on a 0.5 nm KBr film, indicating a strong preferential segregation of Br ions to the surface of the thin saline solution on SiO2.

    Arima, Kenta; Jiang, Peng; Deng, Xingyi; Bluhm, Henrik; Salmeron, Miquel

    2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    367

    High velocity continuous-flow reactor for the production of solar grade silicon. Fourth quarterly report, June 25--September 24, 1978  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    The main effort has been concentrated on investigating the pyrolysis of tribromosilane in a fluid bed reactor. Excellent results have been achieved in this area with the yields running in excess of 90% of the theoretical possible for the reaction given below: 4SiHBr/sub 3/ = 2H/sub 2/ + 3SiBr/sub 4/ + Si. An average growth rate of 0.5 microns per minute, based on starting and ending sieve analysis data for the bed, has been noted. This coating on the particles is a very fine nodular coherent coating. Since the reaction cited generates 3 moles of SiBr/sub 4/ for each mole of Si, an investigation was begun to determine if SiBr/sub 4/ could be converted to SiHBr/sub 3/ by reaction with a heated bed of silicon and hydrogen. Preliminary experiments have shown that this is readily feasible. This factor allows the description of closed loop process in which only silicon is consumed and produced. The cycle is given below. Decomposition: SiHBr/sub 3/ = Si + 2H/sub 2/ + 3SiBr/sub 4/. Conversion: 2H/sub 2/ + SiBr/sub 4/ + Si/sub (met)/ = SiHBr/sub 3/.

    Woerner, L.

    1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    368

    General-Purpose Heat Source Safety Verification Test program: Edge-on flyer plate tests  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    The radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) that will supply power for the Galileo and Ulysses space missions contains 18 General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules. The GPHS modules provide power by transmitting the heat of STYPu -decay to an array of thermoelectric elements. Each module contains four STYPuO2-fueled clads and generates 250 W(t). Because the possibility of a launch vehicle explosion always exists, and because such an explosion could generate a field of high-energy fragments, the fueled clads within each GPHS module must survive fragment impact. The edge-on flyer plate tests were included in the Safety Verification Test series to provide information on the module/clad response to the impact of high-energy plate fragments. The test results indicate that the edge-on impact of a 3.2-mm-thick, aluminum-alloy (2219-T87) plate traveling at 915 m/s causes the complete release of fuel from capsules contained within a bare GPHS module, and that the threshold velocity sufficient to cause the breach of a bare, simulant-fueled clad impacted by a 3.5-mm-thick, aluminum-alloy (5052-T0) plate is approximately 140 m/s.

    George, T.G.

    1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    369

    Empirical Constraints on Proton and Electron Heating in the Fast Solar Wind  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    We analyze measured proton and electron temperatures in the high-speed solar wind in order to calculate the separate rates of heat deposition for protons and electrons. When comparing with other regions of the heliosphere, the fast solar wind has the lowest density and the least frequent Coulomb collisions. This makes the fast wind an optimal testing ground for studies of collisionless kinetic processes associated with the dissipation of plasma turbulence. Data from the Helios and Ulysses plasma instruments were collected to determine mean radial trends in the temperatures and the electron heat conduction flux between 0.29 and 5.4 AU. The derived heating rates apply specifically for these mean plasma properties and not for the full range of measured values around the mean. We found that the protons receive about 60% of the total plasma heating in the inner heliosphere, and that this fraction increases to approximately 80% by the orbit of Jupiter. A major factor affecting the uncertainty in this fraction is th...

    Cranmer, Steven R; Breech, Benjamin A; Kasper, Justin C

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    370

    doi:10.1088/0004-637X/702/2/1604 EMPIRICAL CONSTRAINTS ON PROTON AND ELECTRON HEATING IN THE FAST SOLAR WIND  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    We analyze measured proton and electron temperatures in the high-speed solar wind in order to calculate the separate rates of heat deposition for protons and electrons. When comparing with other regions of the heliosphere, the fast solar wind has the lowest density and the least frequent Coulomb collisions. This makes the fast wind an optimal testing ground for studies of collisionless kinetic processes associated with the dissipation of plasma turbulence. Data from the Helios and Ulysses plasma instruments were collected to determine mean radial trends in the temperatures and the electron heat conduction flux between 0.29 and 5.4 AU. The derived heating rates apply specifically for these mean plasma properties and not for the full range of measured values around the mean. We found that the protons receive about 60 % of the total plasma heating in the inner heliosphere, and that this fraction increases to approximately 80 % by the orbit of Jupiter. A major factor affecting the uncertainty in this fraction is the uncertainty in the measured radial gradient of the electron heat conduction flux. The empirically derived partitioning of heat between protons and electrons is in rough agreement with theoretical predictions from a model of linear Vlasov wave damping. For a modeled power spectrum consisting only of Alfvénic fluctuations, the best agreement was found for a distribution of wavenumber vectors that evolves toward isotropy as distance increases. Key words: hydrodynamics – MHD – plasmas – solar wind – turbulence – waves Online-only material: color figures 1.

    Steven R. Cranmer; William H. Matthaeus; Benjamin A. Breech; Justin C. Kasper

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    371

    Solar winds along curved magnetic field lines  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Both remote-sensing measurements using the interplanetary scintillation (IPS) technique and in situ measurements by the Ulysses spacecraft show a bimodal structure for the solar wind at solar minimum conditions. At present what makes the fast wind fast and the slow wind slow still remains to be answered. While a robust empirical correlation exists between the coronal expansion rate $f_c$ of the flow tubes and the speeds $v$ measured in situ, further data analysis suggests that $v$ depends on more than just $f_c$. We examine whether the non-radial shape of field lines, which naturally accompanies any non-radial expansion, could be an additional geometrical factor. We solved the transport equations incorporating the heating due to turbulent Alfv\\'en waves for an electron-proton solar wind along curved field lines given by an analytical magnetic field model, representative of a solar minimum corona. The field line shape is found to influence substantially the solar wind parameters, reducing the asymptotic speed ...

    Li, Bo; Chen, Yao

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    372

    Operational readiness review plan for the radioisotope thermoelectric generator materials production tasks  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    In October 1989, a US shuttle lifted off from Cape Kennedy carrying the spacecraft Galileo on its mission to Jupiter. In November 1990, a second spacecraft, Ulysses, will be launched from Cape Kennedy with a mission to study the polar regions of the sun. The prime source of power for both spacecraft is a series of radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs), which use plutonium oxide (plutonia) as a heat source. Several of the key components in this power system are required to ensure the safety of both the public and the environment and were manufactured at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in the 1980 to 1983 period. For these two missions, Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. (Energy Systems), will provide an iridium-alloy component used to contain the plutonia heat source and a carbon-composite material that serves as a thermal insulator. ORNL alone will continue to fabricate the carbon-composite material. Because of the importance to DOE that Energy Systems deliver these high-quality components on time, performance of an Operational Readiness Review (ORR) of these manufacturing activities is necessary. Energy Systems Policy GP-24 entitled Operational Readiness Process'' describes the formal and comprehensive process by which appropriate Energy Systems activities are to be reviewed to ensure their readiness. This Energy System policy is aimed at reducing the risks associated with mission success and requires a management-approved readiness plan'' to be issued. This document is the readiness plan for the RTG materials production tasks. 6 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

    Cooper, R.H.; Martin, M.M.; Riggs, C.R.; Beatty, R.L.; Ohriner, E.K.; Escher, R.N.

    1990-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    373

    SPECTRAL PROPERTIES OF REGIONS AND STRUCTURES IN THE INTERSTELLAR BOUNDARY EXPLORER (IBEX) SKY MAPS  

    SciTech Connect

    We study the spectral properties of different regions and structures in the energetic neutral atom (ENA) maps at energies from {approx}0.5 keV to {approx}6 keV from the Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) mission. We find that (1) an ankle-shaped break (spectrum hardens) between {approx}1 keV and {approx}2 keV characterizes the polar spectra and the right flank, while a knee-shaped break (spectrum softens) describes the ribbon, nose, and the front region spectra; (2) the spectral indices across full latitudinal range (tail and poles) comprise a dependence reflecting a knee break at mid latitudes and an ankle break at high latitudes. This latitudinal evolution has inflection points at {approx}40 deg. S and {approx}36 deg. N, and is strongly correlated with the solar wind speed structure obtained by the Ulysses/SWOOPS instrument during its fast latitude scan in 2007. Our study confirms that the ecliptic latitude predominantly orders the spectral signatures of ENA distributions. This ordering may reflect the average solar wind properties that vary characteristically with latitude around solar minimum. We report on the spectral analyses of six regions and two structures in the IBEX maps. We also discuss the spectral asymmetries between the north and the south polar regions, their correlation with solar wind measurements, and the implications of these observations. Thus, we show detailed connections between the IBEX energy spectra and latitudinal properties of solar wind.

    Dayeh, M. A.; McComas, D. J.; Livadiotis, G.; Ebert, R. W.; Schwadron, N. A. [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX 78228 (United States); Funsten, H. O. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Janzen, P.; Reisenfeld, D. B., E-mail: maldayeh@swri.edu [University of Montana, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Missoula, MT 59812 (United States)

    2011-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    374

    General-purpose heat source: Research and development program. Process evaluation, fuel pellet GF-47  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    The general-purpose heat source (GPHS) provides power for space missions by transmitting the heat of {sup 238}Pu decay to an array of thermoelectric elements. Because the potential for a launch abort or return from orbit exists for any space mission, the heat source must be designed and constructed to survive credible accident environments. Previous testing conducted in support of the Galileo and Ulysses missions has documented the response of the GPHS heat source to a variety of fragment-impact, aging, atmospheric reentry, and Earth-impact conditions. Although heat sources for previous missions were fabricated by the Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC), GPHS fueled-clads required for the Cassini mission to Saturn will be fabricated by Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). This evaluation is part of an ongoing program to determine the similarity of GPHS fueled clads and fuel pellets fabricated at LANL to those fabricated at WSRC. Pellet GF-47, which was fabricated at LANL in late 1994, was submitted for chemical and ceramographic analysis. The results indicated that the pellet had a chemical makeup and microstructure within the range of material fabricated at WSRC in the early 1980s.

    Reimus, M.A.H.; George, T.G.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    375

    Comparison of Two Solar Minima: Narrower Streamer Stalk Region and Conserved Open Magnetic Flux in the Region Outside of Streamer Stalk  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    To explore the difference between the most two recent solar minima, we analyze the in-situ ACE and ULYSSES observations and examine the distributions of the three types of solar wind (streamer-stalk-associated wind, wind from outside the streamer stalk that can be associated, in part, with coronal holes, and interplanetary coronal mass ejections). We use the taxonomy provided by Zhao et al. (2009) to identify the three types of solar wind. We then map the in-situ observations to the 2.5 solar radii surface. With the aid of the potential-field-source surface model (PFSS), we calculate the normal distance from the solar wind "foot point" to the local helisopheric current sheet on that surface. We find that the source region of the streamer stalk wind is narrower compared to the previous minimum. The area outside the streamer stalk is accordingly larger, but the magnetic field strength is observed to be lower, with the result that the total amount of the magnetic open flux from the outside of streamer stalk regi...

    Zhao, Liang

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    376

    Planning For Multiple NASA Missions With Use Of Enabling Radioisotope Power  

    SciTech Connect

    Since the early 1960’s the Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessor agencies have provided radioisotope power systems (RPS) to NASA as an enabling technology for deep space and various planetary missions. They provide reliable power in situations where solar and/or battery power sources are either untenable or would place an undue mass burden on the mission. In the modern era of the past twenty years there has been no time that multiple missions have been considered for launching from Kennedy Space Center (KSC) during the same year. The closest proximity of missions that involved radioisotope power systems would be that of Galileo (October 1989) and Ulysses (October 1990). The closest that involved radioisotope heater units would be the small rovers Spirit and Opportunity (May and July 2003) used in the Mars Exploration Rovers (MER) mission. It can be argued that the rovers sent to Mars in 2003 were essentially a special case since they staged in the same facility and used a pair of small launch vehicles (Delta II). This paper examines constraints on the frequency of use of radioisotope power systems with regard to launching them from Kennedy Space Center using currently available launch vehicles. This knowledge may be useful as NASA plans for its future deep space or planetary missions where radioisotope power systems are used as an enabling technology. Previous descriptions have focused on single mission chronologies and not analyzed the timelines with an emphasis on multiple missions.

    S.G. Johnson; K.L. Lively; C.C. Dwight

    2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    377

    Dust en-route to Jupiter and the Galilean satellites  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Spacecraft investigations during the last ten years have vastly improved our knowledge about dust in the Jovian system. All Galilean satellites, and probably all smaller satellites as well, are sources of dust in the Jovian system. In-situ measurements with the dust detectors on board the Ulysses and Galileo spacecraft have for the first time demonstrated the electromagnetic interaction of charged dust grains with the interplanetary magnetic field and with a planetary magnetosphere. Jupiter's magnetosphere acts as a giant mass-velocity spectrometer for charged 10-nanometer dust grains. These dust grains are released from Jupiter's moon Io with typical rate of 1 kg s^1. The dust streams probe the plasma conditions in the Io plasma torus and can be used as a potential monitor of Io's volcanic plume activity. The other Galilean satellites are surrounded by tenuous impact-generated clouds of mostly sub-micrometer ejecta grains. Galileo measurements have demonstrated that impact-ejecta derived from hypervelocity impacts onto satellites are the major -- if not the only -- constituent of dusty planetary rings. We review the in-situ dust measurements at Jupiter and give an update of most recent results.

    Harald Krueger; Eberhard Gruen

    2002-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    378

    GPHS-RTGs in support of the Cassini RTG Program. Final technical report, January 11, 1991--April 30, 1998  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    As noted in the historical summary, this program encountered a number of changes in direction, schedule, and scope over the period 11 January 1991 to 31 December 1998. The report provides a comprehensive summary of all the varied aspects of the program over its seven and a quarter years, and highlights those aspects that provide information beneficial to future radioisotope programs. In addition to summarizing the scope of the Cassini GPHS-RTG Program provided as background, the introduction includes a discussion of the scope of the final report and offers reference sources for information on those topics not covered. Much of the design heritage of the GPHS-RTG comes from the Multi-Hundred Watt (MHW) RTGs used on the Lincoln Experimental Satellites (LES) 8/9 and Voyager spacecraft. The design utilized for the Cassini program was developed, in large part, under the GPHS-RTG program which produced the Galileo and Ulysses RTGs. Reports from those programs included detailed documentation of the design, development, and testing of converter components and full converters that were identical to, or similar to, components used in the Cassini program. Where such information is available in previous reports, it is not repeated here.

    NONE

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    379

    Explosion overpressure test series: General-Purpose Heat Source development: Safety Verification Test program  

    SciTech Connect

    The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) is a modular, radioisotope heat source that will be used in radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs) to supply electric power for space missions. The first two uses will be the NASA Galileo and the ESA Ulysses missions. The RTG for these missions will contain 18 GPHS modules, each of which contains four /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/-fueled clads and generates 250 W/sub (t)/. A series of Safety Verification Tests (SVTs) was conducted to assess the ability of the GPHS modules to contain the plutonia in accident environments. Because a launch pad or postlaunch explosion of the Space Transportation System vehicle (space shuttle) is a conceivable accident, the SVT plan included a series of tests that simulated the overpressure exposure the RTG and GPHS modules could experience in such an event. Results of these tests, in which we used depleted UO/sub 2/ as a fuel simulant, suggest that exposure to overpressures as high as 15.2 MPa (2200 psi), without subsequent impact, does not result in a release of fuel.

    Cull, T.A.; George, T.G.; Pavone, D.

    1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    380

    General-Purpose Heat Source Development: Safety Verification Test Program. Flyer plate test series  

    SciTech Connect

    The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) is a modular component of a radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) that will provide electric power for space missions. The initial RTG applications will be for the NASA Galileo and the ESA Ulysses missions. Each of the 18 GPHS modules in an RTG contains four /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/-fueled clads and generates 250 W/sub (t)/. A series of Safety Verification Tests (SVTs) has been conducted to assess the ability of the GPHS fueled clads to contain the plutonia in accident environments. Because a launch pad or postlaunch explosion of the Space Transportation System Vehicle (space shuttle) is one conceivable accident, the SVT plan included a series of tests to simulate the fragment environment that the RTG and GPHS modules would experience in such an event. These tests deal specifically with the flat-on collision of flyer-plate-type fragments with bare, simulant-fueled (depleted UO/sub 2/) clads. Results of these tests suggest that the fueled clad is only minimally breached by collision with 3.53-mm-thick flyer-plate-type fragments of space shuttle alloy at velocities up to 1170 m/s. However, collision of a 38.1-mm-thick plate with a bare GPHS clad, at a velocity of 270 m/s, results in a total release of fuel.

    Cull, T.A.; Pavone, D.

    1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ulysses br anch" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    381

    Final safety analysis report for the Galileo Mission: Volume 1, Reference design document  

    SciTech Connect

    The Galileo mission uses nuclear power sources called Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTGs) to provide the spacecraft's primary electrical power. Because these generators contain nuclear material, a Safety Analysis Report (SAR) is required. A preliminary SAR and an updated SAR were previously issued that provided an evolving status report on the safety analysis. As a result of the Challenger accident, the launch dates for both Galileo and Ulysses missions were later rescheduled for November 1989 and October 1990, respectively. The decision was made by agreement between the DOE and the NASA to have a revised safety evaluation and report (FSAR) prepared on the basis of these revised vehicle accidents and environments. The results of this latest revised safety evaluation are presented in this document (Galileo FSAR). Volume I, this document, provides the background design information required to understand the analyses presented in Volumes II and III. It contains descriptions of the RTGs, the Galileo spacecraft, the Space Shuttle, the Inertial Upper Stage (IUS), the trajectory and flight characteristics including flight contingency modes, and the launch site. There are two appendices in Volume I which provide detailed material properties for the RTG.

    Not Available

    1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    382

    Consumable arc-melting, extruding, and rolling process for iridium sheet  

    SciTech Connect

    An iridium alloy has been used as cladding for the /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ fuel in radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs) for recent interplanetary spacecraft such as Voyagers 1 and 2 and will be used for the Galileo and Ulysses spacecraft. The iridium alloy sheet for the fuel cladding used on these missions was fabricated by hot and cold rolling of arc-melted and drop-cast 0.5-kg ingots. Upon completion of production for these spacecraft, an opportunity was taken to conduct process improvement studies that would increase processing batch sizes, develop a more uniform product, decrease rejections due to internal delaminations and surface defects, and reduce costs. The studies to scale up and improve the fabrication process are described. In the new process, iridium is electron beam melted, alloyed by arc melting, and then consumable arc melted to form a cylindrical ingot of approximately 7 kg for extrusion. The ingot is extruded to sheet bar and hot and cold rooled into sheet. Sheet evaluated from the first two ingots showed 100% acceptance with no defects on inspection. An improved uniformity of microstructure was obtained, and chemistry was controlled within specification limits.

    Heestand, R.L.; Copeland, G.L.; Martin, M.M.

    1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    383

    Electron-beam processing of kilogram quantities of iridium for radioisotope thermoelectric generator applications  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    Iridium alloys are used as fuel-cladding materials in radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs). Hardware produced at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been used in Voyagers I and 2, Galilee, and Ulysses spacecraft. An integral part of the production of iridium-sheet metal involves electron-beam (EB) processing. These processes include the degassing of powder-pressed compacts followed by multiple meltings in order to purify 500-g buttons of Ir-0.3% W alloy. Starting in 1972 and continuing into 1992, our laboratory EB processing was Performed (ca. 1970) in a 60-kW (20 kV at 3 A), two-gun system. In 1991, a new 150-kW EB gun facility was installed to complement the older unit. This paper describes how the newly installed system was qualified for production of RTG developmental work is discussed that will potentially improve the existing process by utilizing the capabilities of the new EB system.

    Huxford, T.J.; Ohriner, E.K.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    384

    Electron-beam processing of kilogram quantities of iridium for radioisotope thermoelectric generator applications  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    Iridium alloys are used as fuel-cladding materials in radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs). Hardware produced at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been used in Voyagers I and 2, Galilee, and Ulysses spacecraft. An integral part of the production of iridium-sheet metal involves electron-beam (EB) processing. These processes include the degassing of powder-pressed compacts followed by multiple meltings in order to purify 500-g buttons of Ir-0.3% W alloy. Starting in 1972 and continuing into 1992, our laboratory EB processing was Performed (ca. 1970) in a 60-kW (20 kV at 3 A), two-gun system. In 1991, a new 150-kW EB gun facility was installed to complement the older unit. This paper describes how the newly installed system was qualified for production of RTG developmental work is discussed that will potentially improve the existing process by utilizing the capabilities of the new EB system.

    Huxford, T.J.; Ohriner, E.K.

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    385

    The New Horizons Spacecraft  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    The New Horizons spacecraft was launched on 19 January 2006. The spacecraft was designed to provide a platform for seven instruments that will collect and return data from Pluto in 2015. The design drew on heritage from previous missions developed at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) and other missions such as Ulysses. The trajectory design imposed constraints on mass and structural strength to meet the high launch acceleration needed to reach the Pluto system prior to the year 2020. The spacecraft subsystems were designed to meet tight mass and power allocations, yet provide the necessary control and data handling finesse to support data collection and return when the one-way light time during the Pluto flyby is 4.5 hours. Missions to the outer solar system require a radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) to supply electrical power, and a single RTG is used by New Horizons. To accommodate this constraint, the spacecraft electronics were designed to operate on less than 200 W....

    Fountain, Glen H; Hersman, Christopher B; Herder, Timothy S; Coughlin, Thomas B; Gibson, William C; Clancy, Deborah A; DeBoy, Christopher C; Hill, T Adrian; Kinnison, James D; Mehoke, Douglas S; Ottman, Geffrey K; Rogers, Gabe D; Stern, S Alan; Stratton, James M; Vernon, Steven R; Williams, Stephen P

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    386

    The New Horizons Spacecraft  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    The New Horizons spacecraft was launched on 19 January 2006. The spacecraft was designed to provide a platform for seven instruments that will collect and return data from Pluto in 2015. The design drew on heritage from previous missions developed at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) and other missions such as Ulysses. The trajectory design imposed constraints on mass and structural strength to meet the high launch acceleration needed to reach the Pluto system prior to the year 2020. The spacecraft subsystems were designed to meet tight mass and power allocations, yet provide the necessary control and data handling finesse to support data collection and return when the one-way light time during the Pluto flyby is 4.5 hours. Missions to the outer solar system require a radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) to supply electrical power, and a single RTG is used by New Horizons. To accommodate this constraint, the spacecraft electronics were designed to operate on less than 200 W. The spacecraft system architecture provides sufficient redundancy to provide a probability of mission success of greater than 0.85, even with a mission duration of over 10 years. The spacecraft is now on its way to Pluto, with an arrival date of 14 July 2015. Initial inflight tests have verified that the spacecraft will meet the design requirements.

    Glen H. Fountain; David Y. Kusnierkiewicz; Christopher B. Hersman; Timothy S. Herder; Thomas B. Coughlin; William C. Gibson; Deborah A. Clancy; Christopher C. DeBoy; T. Adrian Hill; James D. Kinnison; Douglas S. Mehoke; Geffrey K. Ottman; Gabe D. Rogers; S. Alan Stern; James M. Stratton; Steven R. Vernon; Stephen P. Williams

    2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    387

    The battle of Sailor's Creek: a study in leadership  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    The Battle of Sailor's Creek, 6 April 1865, has been overshadowed by Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House several days later, yet it is an example of the Union military war machine reaching its apex of war making ability during the Civil War. Through Ulysses S. Grant's leadership and that of his subordinates, the Union armies, specifically that of the Army of the Potomac, had been transformed into a highly motivated, organized and responsive tool of war, led by confident leaders who understood their commander's intent and were able to execute on that intent with audacious initiative in the absence of further orders. After Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia escaped from Petersburg and Richmond on 2 April 1865, Grant's forces chased after Lee's forces with the intent of destroying the mighty and once feared protector of the Confederate States in the hopes of bringing a swift end to the long war. At Sailor's Creek, Phil Sheridan, Grant's cavalry commander was able to put his forces south and west of Lee's Army trapping it between Sheridan's cavalry and George Meade's Army of the Potomac. After fighting a brutal, close quarters engagement, Union forces captured or killed the majority of two of Lee's corps, commanded by Richard H. Anderson and Richard S. Ewell, and severely attrited a third corps under John B. Gordon, leaving Lee only James Longstreet's corps intact to continue the struggle.

    Smith, Cloyd Allen, Jr.

    2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    388

    Thermal vacuum life test facility for radioisotope thermoelectric generators  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    In the late 1970's, the Department of Energy (DOE) assigned Monsanto Research Corporation, Mound Facility, now operated by EG G Mound Applied Technologies, the responsibility for assembling and testing General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs). Assembled and tested were five RTGs, which included four flight units and one non-flight qualification unit. Figure 1 shows the RTG, which was designed by General Electric AstroSpace Division (GE/ASD) to produce 285 W of electrical power. A detailed description of the processes for RTG assembly and testing is presented by Amos and Goebel (1989). The RTG performance data are described by Bennett, et al. (1986). The flight units will provide electrical power for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Galileo mission to Jupiter (two RTGs) and the joint NASA/European Space Agency (ESA) Ulysses mission to study the polar regions of the sun (one RTG). The remaining flight unit will serve as the spare for both missions, and a non-flight qualification unit was assembled and tested to ensure that performance criteria were adequately met. 4 refs., 3 figs.

    Deaton, R.L.; Goebel, C.J.; Amos, W.R.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    389

    Brazil-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brazil-World Bank Climate Projects Brazil-World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Transportation Topics Finance, Background analysis Website http://web.worldbank.org/exter Country Brazil UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References World Bank Project Database-Brazil[1] Contents 1 World Bank Active Climate Projects in Brazil 1.1 Sao Paulo Metro Line 5 Project 1.2 BR-GEF Sustainable Transport and Air Quality Project (STAQ) 1.3 First Programmatic Development Policy Loan for Sustainable Environmental Management 1.4 BR Nova Gerar Carbon Finance and Solid Waste Management Project II 1.5 BR Lages Woodwaste Cogeneration 1.6 PCF Sugar Bagasse Cogeneration Project 1.7 Nova Gerar Landfill Rio de Janeiro

    390

    A study of semi-inclusive charmless $B \\to ?X$ decays  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    We study semi-inclusive charmless decays $B \\to \\pi X$ in detail, such as $\\bar B^0 \\to \\pi^{\\pm (0)} X$, $B^0 \\to \\pi^{\\pm (0)} X$, $B^{\\pm} \\to \\pi^{\\pm (0)} X$, where $X$ does not contain a charm (anti)quark. We find that the process $\\bar B^0 \\to \\pi^- X$ ($B^0 \\to \\pi^+ X$) can be particularly useful for determination of the CKM matrix element $|V_{ub}|$. We calculate and present the branching ratio (BR) of $\\bar B^0 \\to \\pi^- X$ as a function of $|V_{ub}|$, with an estimate of possible uncertainties. It is expected that the BR is an order of $10^{-4}$. Our estimation indicates that one can phenomenologically determine $|V_{ub}|$ with reasonable accuracy by measuring the BR of $\\bar B^0 \\to \\pi^- X$ ($B^0 \\to \\pi^+ X$).

    C. S. Kim; Jake Lee; Sechul Oh; J. S. Hong; D. Y. Kim; H. S. Kim

    2002-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    391

    Metabolism and disposition of 1-bromopropane in rats and mice following inhalation or intravenous administration  

    SciTech Connect

    Workplace exposure to 1-bromopropane (1-BrP) can potentially occur during its use in spray adhesives, fats, waxes, and resins. 1-BrP may be used to replace ozone depleting solvents, resulting in an increase in its annual production in the US, which currently exceeds 1 million pounds. The potential for human exposure to 1-BrP and the reports of adverse effects associated with potential occupational exposure to high levels of 1-BrP have increased the need for the development of biomarkers of exposure and an improved understanding of 1-BrP metabolism and disposition. In this study, the factors influencing the disposition and biotransformation of 1-BrP were examined in male F344 rats and B6C3F1 mice following inhalation exposure (800 ppm) or intravenous administration (5, 20, and 100 mg/kg). [1,2,3-{sup 13}C]1-BrP and [1-{sup 14}C]1-BrP were administered to enable characterization of urinary metabolites using NMR spectroscopy, LC-MS/MS, and HPLC coupled radiochromatography. Exhaled breath volatile organic chemicals (VOC), exhaled CO{sub 2}, urine, feces, and tissues were collected for up to 48 h post-administration for determination of radioactivity distribution. Rats and mice exhaled a majority of the administered dose as either VOC (40-72%) or {sup 14}CO{sub 2} (10-30%). For rats, but not mice, the percentage of the dose exhaled as VOC increased between the mid ({approx} 50%) and high ({approx} 71%) dose groups; while the percentage of the dose exhaled as {sup 14}CO{sub 2} decreased (19 to 10%). The molar ratio of exhaled {sup 14}CO{sub 2} to total released bromide, which decreased as dose increased, demonstrated that the proportion of 1-BrP metabolized via oxidation relative to pathways dependent on glutathione conjugation is inversely proportional to dose in the rat. [{sup 14}C]1-BrP equivalents were recovered in urine (13-17%, rats; 14-23% mice), feces (< 2%), or retained in the tissues and carcass (< 6%) of rats and mice administered i.v. 5 to 100 mg/kg [{sup 14}C]1-BrP. Metabolites characterized in urine of rats and mice include N-acetyl-S-propylcysteine, N-acetyl-3-(propylsulfinyl)alanine, N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxypropyl)cysteine, 1-bromo-2-hydroxypropane-O-glucuronide, N-acetyl-S-(2-oxopropyl)cysteine, and N-acetyl-3-[(2-oxopropyl)sulfinyl]alanine. These metabolites may be formed following oxidation of 1-bromopropane to 1-bromo-2-propanol and bromoacetone and following subsequent glutathione conjugation with either of these compounds. Rats pretreated with 1-aminobenzotriazole (ABT), a potent inhibitor of P450 excreted less in urine ({down_arrow}30%), exhaled as {sup 14}CO2 ({down_arrow}80%), or retained in liver ({down_arrow}90%), with a concomitant increase in radioactivity expired as VOC ({up_arrow}52%). Following ABT pretreatment, rat urinary metabolites were reduced in number from 10 to 1, N-acetyl-S-propylcysteine, which accounted for > 90% of the total urinary radioactivity in ABT pretreated rats. Together, these data demonstrate a role for cytochrome P450 and glutathione in the dose-dependent metabolism and disposition of 1-BrP in the rat.

    Garner, C.E. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States)]. E-mail: cegarner@rti.org; Sumner, S.C.J. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Davis, J.G. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Burgess, J.P. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Yueh, Y. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Demeter, J. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Zhan, Q. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Valentine, J. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Jeffcoat, A.R. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Burka, L.T. [National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Mathews, J.M. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States)

    2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    392

    Candidate chemical systems for air cooled, solar powered, absorption air conditioner design. Part II. Solid absorbents, high latent heat refrigerants  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    Work done in attempting to qualify absorption refrigeration systems based on refrigerants with intermediate latent heats of vaporization is summarized. In practice, these comprise methanol, ammonia, and methylamine. A wide variety of organic substances, salts, and mixtures were evaluated in as systematic a manner as possible. Several systems of interest are described. The system, LiClO/sub 3/--LiBr--H/sub 2/O, is a good back up system to our first choice of an antifreeze additive system, and thermodynamically promising but subject to some inconvenient materials limitations. The system, LiBr/ZnBr/sub 2/--methanol, is thermodynamically promising but requires additional kinetic qualification. Chemical stability of the system, LiCNS--ammonia/methylamine with various other third components, does not appear to be adequate for a long-lived system.

    Biermann, W. J.

    1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    393

    Solar liquid-desiccant air-conditioning system. Final report  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    A design for a closed, diurnal, intermittent absorption chiller for passive solar air-conditioning using liquid sorbents has been constructed and tested. LiBr-H/sub 2/O will not work with this design because of its low vapor pressure at the temperature available. The approach has possibilities using the 2 LiBr-ZrBr-CH/sub 3/OH or H/sub 2/O-NH/sub 3/ sorbent refrigerant pairs. The use of H/sub 2/O-NH/sub 3/ appears to be the better candidate because of the lower solution viscosity and less cycle weight, through tank volumes and collector requirements are similar. Further study of other refrigerant pairs such as S-Thiocyanate-ammonia is indicated, however, the difficulties encountered in construction and low potential coefficient of performance, and thus large collection area needed, makes commercialization of such a system doubtful in the foreseeable future.

    Not Available

    394

    Cyclotron emission effect on CMB spectral distortions  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    We investigated the role of the cyclotron emission (CE) associated to cosmic magnetic fields (MF) on the evolution of cosmic microwave background (CMB) spectral distortions. We computed the photon and energy injection rates by including spontaneous and stimulated emission and absorption. These CE rates have been compared with those of bremsstrahlung (BR) and double Compton scattering (DC), for realistic CMB distorted spectra at various cosmic epochs. For reasonable MF strengths we found that the CE contribution to the evolution of the CMB spectrum is much smaller than the BR and DC contributions. The constraints on the energy exchanges at various redshifts can be then derived, under quite general assumptions, by considering only Compton scattering (CS), BR, and DC, other than the considered dissipation process. Upper limits to the CMB polarization degree induced by CE have been estimated.

    Carlo Burigana; Andrea Zizzo

    2006-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    395

    Method for production of hydrocarbons from hydrates  

    DOE Patents (OSTI)

    A method of recovering natural gas entrapped in frozen subsurface gas hydrate formations in arctic regions. A hot supersaturated solution of CaCl.sub.2 or CaBr.sub.2, or a mixture thereof, is pumped under pressure down a wellbore and into a subsurface hydrate formation so as to hydrostatically fracture the formation. The CaCl.sub.2 /CaBr.sub.2 solution dissolves the solid hydrates and thereby releases the gas entrapped therein. Additionally, the solution contains a polymeric viscosifier, which operates to maintain in suspension finely divided crystalline CaCl.sub.2 /CaBr.sub.2 that precipitates from the supersaturated solution as it is cooled during injection into the formation.

    McGuire, Patrick L. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    396

    SAPHIRE 8 Software Independent Verification and Validation Plan  

    SciTech Connect

    SAPHIRE 8 is being developed with a phased or cyclic iterative rapid application development methodology. Due to this approach, a similar approach is being taken for the IV&V activities on each vital software object. The IV&V plan is structured around NUREG/BR-0167, “Software Quality Assurance Program and Guidelines,” February 1993. The Nuclear Regulatory Research Office Instruction No.: PRM-12, “Software Quality Assurance for RES Sponsored Codes,” March 26, 2007 specifies that RES-sponsored software is to be evaluated against NUREG/BR-0167. Per the guidance in NUREG/BR-0167, SAPHIRE is classified as “Level 1.” Level 1 software corresponds to technical application software used in a safety decision.

    Rae J. Nims

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    397

    SAPHIRE 8 Software Independent Verification and Validation Plan  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    SAPHIRE 8 is being developed with a phased or cyclic iterative rapid application development methodology. Due to this approach, a similar approach is being taken for the IV&V activities on each vital software object. The IV&V plan is structured around NUREG/BR-0167, “Software Quality Assurance Program and Guidelines,” February 1993. The Nuclear Regulatory Research Office Instruction No.: PRM-12, “Software Quality Assurance for RES Sponsored Codes,” March 26, 2007 specifies that RES-sponsored software is to be evaluated against NUREG/BR-0167. Per the guidance in NUREG/BR-0167, SAPHIRE is classified as “Level 1.” Level 1 software corresponds to technical application software used in a safety decision.

    Rae J. Nims; Kent M. Norris

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    398

    Enhanced T-lymphocyte blastogenic response to tuberculin (PPD) in children of northeast (NE) Thailand supplemented with vitamin A (VA) and zinc (Zn)  

    SciTech Connect

    Beneficial effects of Va and/or Zn supplementation of children in NE Thailand are described in a companion abstract. In the same study, blastogenic response (BR) of T-lymphocytes to concanavalin-A (ConA) and PPD were assayed in cultures containing mononuclear cells (MNC) or whole blood (WB). Methods were previously described. Children were previously vaccinated with BCG. BR to ConA of MNC or WB from children supplemented with VA, Zn, VA + Zn or placebo were similar. BR to PPD of MNC was higher in children receiving VA + Zn than placebo, but not in children supplemented with VA or Zn alone. Data indicate that children with suboptimal VA and Zn nutriture supplemented with < 2 times RDA of these nutrients showed enhanced cellular immunity to PPD. This observation is relevant to BCG immunization program and thus may benefit public health.

    Kramer, T.R.; Udomkesmalee, E.; Dhanamitta, S.; Sirisinha, S.; Charoenkiatkul, S.; Tantipopipat, S.; Banjong, O.; Rojroongwasinkul, N.; Smith, J.C. Jr. (Dept. of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD (United States) Mahidol Univ., Nakhon Pathom (Thailand))

    1991-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    399

    Deformation study of separator pellets for thermal batteries  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    The deformation characteristics of pellets of electrolyte-binder (EB) mixes based on MgO were measured under simulated, thermal-battery conditions. Measurements (using a statistically designed experimental strategy) were made as a function of applied pressure, temperature, and percentage of theoretical density for four molten-salt electrolytes at two levels of MgO. The EB mixes are used as separators in Li-alloy thermal batteries. The electrolytes included LiCl-KCI eutectic, LiCl-LiBr-KBr eutectic, LiBr-KBr-LiF eutectic, and a LiCl-LiBr-LiF electrolyte with a minimum-melting composition. The melting points ranged from 313 C to 436 C. The experimental data were used to develop statistical models that approximate the deformation behavior of pellets of the various EB mixes over the range of experimental conditions we examined. This report, discusses the importance of the deformation response surfaces to thermal-battery design.

    Guidotti, R.A.; Reinhardt, F.W.; Thomas, E.V.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    400

    FLUORIDE VOLATILITY PROCESS FOR THE RECOVERY OF URANIUM  

    DOE Patents (OSTI)

    The separation and recovery of uraniunn from contaminants introduced by neutron irradiation by a halogenation and volatilization method are described. The irradiated uranium is dissolved in bromine trifluoride in the liquid phase. The uranium is converted to the BrF/sub 3/ soluble urmium hexafluoride compound whereas the fluorides of certain contaminating elements are insoluble in liquid BrF/sub 3/, and the reaction rate of the BrF/sub 3/ with certain other solid uranium contamirnnts is sufficiently slower than the reaction rate with uranium that substantial portions of these contaminating elements will remain as solids. These solids are then separated from the solution by a distillation, filtration, or centrifugation step. The uranium hexafluoride is then separated from the balance of the impurities and solvent by one or more distillations.

    Katz, J.J.; Hyman, H.H.; Sheft, I.

    1958-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ulysses br anch" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    401

    Testing of Crystallization Temperature of a New Working Fluid for Absorption Heat Pump Systems  

    SciTech Connect

    Lithium bromide/water (LiBr/water) absorption systems are potential candidates for absorption heat pump water heating applications since they have been widely commercialized for cooling applications. One drawback to LiBr/water absorption water heater systems is that they are unable to operate at typical water heating temperatures due to solution crystallization hazards. Binary or ternary mixtures, serving as working fluids, were reported (Ally, 1988; Herold et al., 1991; Iyoki and Uemura, 1981; Yasuhide Nemoto et al., 2010; Zogg et al., 2005) to help improve the absorption performance or avoid crystallization of absorption heat pump systems. A recent development (De Lucas et al., 2007) investigated the use of a ternary mixture of aqueous mixture of lithium bromide and sodium formate (CHO2Na). The new working fluid composition maintains a ratio of LiBr/CHO2Na of 2 by weight. This new working fluid is a potential competitor to aqueous LiBr solution in absorption system due to higher water vapor absorption rates and lower generation temperature needed (De Lucas et al., 2004). There exists data on equilibrium performance and other physical properties of this new working fluid. However, there is no available data on crystallization behavior. Crystallization temperature is crucial for the design of absorption heat pump water heater in order to avoid crystallization hazards during operation. We have therefore conducted a systematic study to explore the crystallization temperature of LiBr/CHO2Na water solution and compared it against aqueous LiBr solutions. These results were then used to evaluate the feasibility of using the new working fluid in water heating applications showing limited potential.

    Wang, Kai [ORNL; Kisari, Padmaja [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    402

    Measurement of baryon production in B -meson decay  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Using the CLEO detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we observe {ital B}-meson decays to {Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +} and report on improved measurements of inclusive branching fractions and momentum spectra of other baryons. For the inclusive decay {ital {bar B}}{r arrow}{Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +}{ital X} with {Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +}{r arrow}{ital pK}{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +}, we find that the product branching fraction {ital B}({ital {bar B}}{r arrow}{Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +}{ital X}){ital B}({Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +}{r arrow}{ital pK}{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +})=(0.273{plus minus}0.051{plus minus} 0.039)%. Our measured inclusive branching fractions to noncharmed baryons are {ital B}({ital B}{r arrow}{ital pX})=(8.0{plus minus}0.5{plus minus}0.3)%, {ital B}({ital B}{r arrow}{Lambda}{ital X})=(3.8{plus minus}0.4{plus minus}0.6)%, and {ital B}({ital B}{r arrow}{Xi}{sup {minus}}{ital X})=(0.27{plus minus}0.05{plus minus}0.04)%. From these rates and studies of baryon-lepton and baryon-antibaryon correlations in {ital B} decays, we have estimated the branching fraction {ital B}({ital {bar B}}{r arrow}{Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +}{ital X}) to be (6.4{plus minus}0.8{plus minus}0.8)%. Combining these results, we calculate {ital B}({Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +}{r arrow}{ital pK}{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +}) to be (4.3{plus minus}1.0{plus minus}0.8)%.

    Crawford, G.; Fulton, R.; Jensen, T.; Johnson, D.R.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Malchow, R.; Morrow, F.; Whitmore, J.; Wilson, P.; Bortoletto, D.; Brown, D.; Dominick, J.; McIlwain, R.L.; Miller, D.H.; Modesitt, M.; Ng, C.R.; Schaffner, S.F.; Shibata, E.I.; Shipsey, I.P.J.; Battle, M.; Kroha, H.; Sparks, K.; Thorndike, E.H.; Wang, C.; Alam, M.S.; Kim, I.J.; Li, W.C.; Lou, X.C.; Nemati, B.; Romero, V.; Sun, C.R.; Wang, P.; Zoeller, M.M.; Goldberg, M.; Haupt, T.; Horwitz, N.; Jain, V.; Kennett, R.; Mestayer, M.D.; Moneti, G.C.; Rozen, Y.; Rubin, P.; Skwarnicki, T.; Stone, S.; Thusalidas, M.; Yao, W.; Zhu, G.; Barnes, A.V.; Bartelt, J.; Csorna, S.E.; Letson, T.; Alexander, J.; Artuso, M.; Bebek, C.; Berkelman, K.; Besson, D.; Browder, T.; Cassel, D.G.; Cheu, E.; Coffman, D.M.; Drell, P.S.; Ehrlich, R.; Galik, R.S.; Garcia-Sciveres, M.; Geiser, B.; Gittelman, B.; Gray, S.W.; Hartill, D.L.; Heltsley, B.K.; Honscheid, K.; Kandaswamy, J.; Katayama, N.; Kreinick, D.L.; Lewis, J.D.; Ludwig, G.S.; Mas

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    403

    ESS 2012 Peer Review - Hydrogen-Bromine Flow Batteries for Grid-Scale Energy Storage - Vincent Battaglia, LBNL  

    Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

    H H 2 /Br 2 Flow Battery for Grid-Scale Energy Storage Venkat Srinivasan, Adam Weber, & Vince Battaglia Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory * DOE ESS Review * Washington, DC * September 26, 2012 vsbattaglia@lbl.gov Purpose Develop a low-cost, energy-storage system with high power density at 80% efficiency Use H 2 and Br 2 in a flow battery Future Plans Modeling Funding from ARPA-E GRIDS, USDOE LBNL: Kyu Taek Cho (Cell studies); Paul Ridgway (Catalysis studies); Sophia Haussener (Transport modeling) Bosch: Paul Albertus (Cost Modeling); Roel Sanchez-Carrera and Boris Kozinsky (Catalyst theory)

    404

    Electron Rescattering in Above-Threshold Photodetachment of Negative Ions  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    We present experimental and theoretical results on photodetachment of Br{sup -} and F{sup -} in a strong infrared laser field. The observed photoelectron spectra of Br{sup -} exhibit a high-energy plateau along the laser polarization direction, which is identified as being due to the rescattering effect. The shape and the extension of the plateau is found to be influenced by the depletion of negative ions during the interaction with the laser pulse. Our findings represent the first observation of electron rescattering in above-threshold photodetachment of an atomic system with a short-range potential.

    Gazibegovic-Busuladzic, A. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Milosevic, D. B. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Becker, W. [Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Bergues, B.; Hultgren, H.; Kiyan, I. Yu. [Albert-Ludwigs-Universitaet, D-79104 Freiburg (Germany)

    2010-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    405

    Electrochemical photovoltaic cells. Project 65021 quarterly technical progress report, July 15-October 15, 1979  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    During the second quarter of this program we have evaluated the photoelectrochemical performance of single-crystal MoSe/sub 2/ and GaAs, polycrystalline CdSe, and cells with RbAg/sub 4/I/sub 5/ solid electrolyte. MoSe/sub 2/ electrode exhibited very good photoresponse in electrolytes containing Br/sup -//Br/sub 2/ redox couple. The photopotential and photocurrent were larger in acid than in alkaline electrolyte. A power conversion efficiency of about 5% was achieved under 200 mW/cm/sup 2/ Xenon light illumination in the acid medium. The catalytic activity of a platinized platinum electrode toward Br/sup -//Br/sub 2/ redox couple was also better in acid electrolyte than in alkaline electrolyte. Higher current densities were obtained in the acid medium. The MoSe/sub 2/ was found to have good stability in acid and alkaline electrolytes; however, it will be necessary to protect the electrolyte against evaporation of the bromine, oxidation by air, or photodecomposition. GaAs was tested in alkaline electrolytes containing Se/sup 2 -//Se/sub n//sup 2 -/, I/sup -//I/sub 2/ or Br/sup -//Br/sub 2/ redox couple and in acid electrolytes containing Fe/sup +2//Fe/sup +3/, Cr/sup +2//Cr/sup +3/, Sn/sup +2//Sn/sup +4/, Cu/sup +1//Cu/sup +2/, Ti/sup +3//Ti/sup +4/, I/sup -//I/sub 2/ or Br/sup -//Br/sub 2/. Large anodic dark currents were observed in solutions containing Sn/sup +2//Sn/sup +4/ or Cu/sup +1//Cu/sup +2/. The large photoeffects found with the other redox couples were usually accompanied by electrode darkening and decrease in photocurrent with time. Polycrystalline electrodes have been made by thermal vacuum evaporation of CdSe on titanium foil or SnO/sub 2/-coated glass. The CdSe still suffered from poor adherence to the substrates and, therefore, poor photoresponse. A solid electrolyte photoelectrochemical cell was fabricated giving photopotentials of about 300 mV at current densities of about 0.1 mA/cm/sup 2/ under 200 mW/cm/sup 2/ Xenon light illumination.

    Ang, P.G.P.; Sammells, A.F.

    1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    406

    Thermal-hydraulic aspects of flow inversion in a research reactor  

    SciTech Connect

    PARET, a neutronics and thermal-hydraulics computer code, has been modified to account for natural convection in a reactor core. The code was then used to analyze the flow inversion that occurs in a reactor with heat removal by forced convection in the downward direction after a pump failure. Typical results are shown for a number of parameters. Research reactors normally operating much above ten MW are predicted to experience nucleate boiling in the event of a flow inversion. Comparison with experimental results from the Belgian BR2 reactor indicated general agreement although nucleate boiling that was analytically predicted was not noted in the BR2 data.

    Smith, R.S.; Woodruff, W.L.

    1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    407

    Tuvinian images of demons from Tibet  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    causing deseases see Tucci and Heissig (1970): 193, 195. As such demons the gdon are also briefly characterized by Tseng (2005): 51. For further general remarks on the gdon see Clifford (1984): 148-55. In a text composed by Mi pham rnam rgyal in 1908... . Ri dvags rgyal (Ri dvags rgyal po) — deer (ri dvags) (Fig. 3) 3. sKem byed (sKem byed pa) — young man (gzhon nu) (Fig. 2) 4. brJed byed (brJed byed pa) — fox (wa) (Fig. 4) 5. Khu tshur can — raven (bya rog) (Fig. 5) 6. Ma mo – human being (mi...

    Schwieger, Peter

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    408

    Computer modeling of the Schottky electron source  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    A computer modeling program that is able to imitate the polyhedral shape of the ZrO/W(100) Schottky cathode is used to compute emission parameters such as the electric field distribution and reduced brightness Br for the various observed end form shapes. This program includes the electron–electron interactions in the beam and their effect on Br. A relationship between the axial field factor ??=?F/Ve and the axial lens factor K?=?(I?/J)1/2 (where F

    Lynwood W. Swanson; Gregory A. Schwind; Sean M. Kellogg; Kun Liu

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    409

    Upscaling Reaction Rate Laws In Geochemical Reactive Transport Using Pore-Scale Network Models Dmitri Kavetski1,2,#, Catherine A. Peters1,$, Michael A. Celia1 and Brent Lindquist3  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    , Rutile, Pyrite GY BR Q Pore space Chemical Reactions and Kinetic Rate Laws Primary interest: acid geosequestration studies *aquifer remediation *nuclear waste disposal *other applications Reactive processes occur and examines whether reaction rates applicable at the pore-scale, O(10-100m), are realistic at larger continuum

    Peters, Catherine A.

    410

    Alternative Fueling Station Locations

    Alternative fueling...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    propaneliquefied petroleum gas (LPG), biodiesel, electricity, hydrogen, and liquefied natural gas (LNG), as of April 4, 2012.<br>

    2010-12-14T00:04:52Z 2012-04-04T21:12:52Z To...

    411

    Volume Tiw of Three 21stIntersocietyEnergy Conversion  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    of a water body or by evaporating q COP*hf(-BR) .33(2.5)(1050 --b )(1-.25) water in a cooling tower cooling power plants often use cooling towers. Therefore, to facilitate comparisons it is assumed Thus, M plant cooling towers require blowdown of conditioning effect with a refrigeration heat pump, water -to

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    412

    Magneto-optic study of spatial magnetic-field distribution relaxation in an HTSC film strip after transport current turn-on  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    the spatial distribution B(r) of the magnetic field and that of the current, j(r), in superconducting samples a change in the ex- ternal magnetic field or the current through the sample is also of considerable magnetic-flux motion creep after the current is switched on, which was done by computer simulation

    Johansen, Tom Henning

    413

    New Zealand Energy Data: Electricity Generation by Fuel Type...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    South Island and New Zealand (2009). The fuel types include: hydro, geothermal, biogas, wind, oil, coal, and gas.<br> 2011-01-26T00:20:13Z 2011-01-27T19:47:20Z http:...

    414

    Former Worker Medical Screening Program 2012 Annual Report  

    Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

    Published February 2013 Published February 2013 Pu Pu Publ b blis s ishe he hed d d Fe Fe Febr br brua ua u ry ry 2 201 013 3 FORMER WORKER MEDICAL SCREENING PROGRAM ANNUAL REPORT ANNUAL REPORT 2 0 1 2 STC STONETURN CONSULTANTS 2012 Former Worker Medical Screening Program * i Table of Contents Abbreviations ............................................................................................................................................iii Foreword .................................................................................................................................................... v Executive Summary .................................................................................................................................

    415

    Constraining msugra parameters with mu->e gamma and mu-e conversion in nuclei  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    We show that, in the MSSM with msugra boundary conditions and seesaw induced neutrino masses, the values of BR(mu->e gamma) and the mu-e conversion rate in a nucleus determine the sign of mu and constrain tan beta in a model independent way.

    Carlos E. Yaguna

    2005-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    416

    Lithium disulfide battery  

    DOE Patents (OSTI)

    Disclosed is a negative electrode-limited secondary electrochemical cell having dense FeS/sub 2/ positive electrode operating exclusively on the upper plateau, a Li alloy negative electrode and a suitable lithium-containing electrolyte. The electrolyte preferably is 25 mole % LiCl, 38 mole % LiBr and 37 mole % KBr. The cell may be operated isothermally.

    Kaun, T.D.

    1986-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    417

    Printed in the United States of America. Available from National Technical Information Service  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    environments, but it underwent stress corrosion cracking in oxygen- or chromate-containing lithium bromide CORROSION CRACKING TESTS IN LiBr-H 20 SOLUTION ...... 11 DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONSd METALS AND CERAMICS DIVISION CORROSION OF MATERIALS IN ABSORPTION HEATING AND REFRIGERATION FLUIDS

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    418

    OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR COVE COAL D EGAS BLU E CREEK COAL...  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR COVE COAL D EGAS BLU E CREEK COAL DEGAS BR OOKWOOD C OAL D EGAS ST AR ROBIN SONS BEND COAL D EGAS BLU FF COR INNE MOU NDVILLE COAL D EGAS BLU EGU T CR...

    419

    Pair Production of Tau Sneutrinos at Linear Colliders  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    The pair production of tau sneutrinos in $e^{+}e^{-}$ collisions and their subsequent decays are studied in a framework of the supersymmetric extension of the standard model. We present an analysis for the parameter space (BR vs. mass) which could be explored at the future high energy $e^{+}e^{-}$ colliders.

    Ari, V

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    420

    Transportation Energy Use by Mode from EIA AEO 2011 Early Release...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AEO 2011 Early Release<br> 2011-02-15T17:11:53Z 2011-06-03T20:30:54Z http:eia.govforecastsaeoexcelaeotab7.xls I accessed this dataset from a public site. Annually To...

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ulysses br anch" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    421

    554 J. Am. Chem. SOC.1993, 115, 554-562 161.12, 163.64;MS 248 (Mt +2), 246 (M+), 155, 126,84 (base peak).  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    peak). HRMS Calcd for C8Hl,N202Br:246.00039. Found: 246.0001. 3-[3-[[2-(Trimethylsilyl procedure as used for the synthesis of compound 32 and obtained as a colorless oil (32%) alone with 221 (8

    Jones, William D.

    422

    A Multiobjective Optimization Approach for General Finite Queueing Networks  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    . N. L. C. Brito Departamento de Ci^encias Exatas, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros, 39401-089 - Montes Claros - MG, Brazil E-mail: nilson.brito@unimontes.br A. R. Duarte Departamento de Matem. Cruz Departamento de Estat´istica, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, 31270-901 - Belo Hori- zonte

    Cruz, Frederico

    423

    AEO2011: Natural Gas Imports and Exports

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is Table 135, and contains only the reference case. The data is broken down into Crude oil, dry natural gas. <br> 2011-07-29T20:40:33Z 2011-08-23T20:46:28Z http:...

    424

    Lessons Learned in Using Social Media for Disaster Relief -ASU Crisis Response Game  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Lessons Learned in Using Social Media for Disaster Relief - ASU Crisis Response Game Mohammad disasters. In the light of these facts, the results from the ASU Crisis Response Game show that people do.Liu)@asu.edu,Augustoa@icmc.usp.br Abstract. In disasters such as the earthquake in Haiti and the tsunami in Japan, people used social media

    Liu, Huan

    425

    Wind profile above the surface boundary layer S.-E. Gryning (1), E. Batchvarova (2) and B. Brmmer (3)  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Wind profile above the surface boundary layer S.-E. Gryning (1), E. Batchvarova (2) and B. Brümmer in predictions of the wind profile in the lowest hundreds me- ters of the atmosphere, being connected to the general increase in height of structures such as bridges, high houses and wind turbines. The hub height

    426

    Search for Charged Higgs Bosons in e+e- Collisions at sqrts(s) = 189-209 GeV  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    A search is made for charged Higgs bosons predicted by Two-Higgs-Doublet extensions of the Standard Model (2HDM) using electron-positron collision data collected by the OPAL experiment at sqrt(s)=189-209 GeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 600 pb-1. Charged Higgs bosons are assumed to be pair-produced and to decay into q qbar, tau nu or A W+-. No signal is observed. Model-independent limits on the charged Higgs-boson production cross section are derived by combining these results with previous searches at lower energies. Under the assumption BR(H+- -> tau nu) + BR(H+- -> qq)=1, motivated by general 2HDM type II models, excluded areas on the [m(H+-), BR(H+- -> tau nu)] plane are presented and charged Higgs bosons are excluded up to a mass of 76.3 GeV at 95% confidence level, independent of the branching ratio BR(H+- -> tau nu). A scan of the 2HDM type I model parameter space is performed and limits on the Higgs-boson masses m(H+-) and m(A) are presented for different choices of tan(beta).

    The OPAL collaboration

    2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    427

    Effects of emotion recognition training on mood among individuals with high levels of depressive symptoms: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    styles. Eur J Pers 2012, 26:145–157. 10. Penton-Voak IS, Bate H, Lewis G, Munafò MR: Effects of emotion perception training on mood in undergraduate students:randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry 2012, 200:1–3. 11. Harmer CJ, Goodwin GM, Cowen PJ...

    Adams, Sally; Penton-Voak, Ian S; Harmer, Catherine J; Holmes, Emily A; Munafò, Marcus R

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    428

    Allosteric Activation of E2-RING Finger-Mediated Ubiquitylation by a Structurally Defined Specific E2-Binding Region of gp78  

    SciTech Connect

    The activity of RING finger ubiquitin ligases (E3) is dependent on their ability to facilitate transfer of ubiquitin from ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (E2) to substrates. The G2BR domain within the E3 gp78 binds selectively and with high affinity to the E2 Ube2g2. Through structural and functional analyses, we determine that this occurs on a region of Ube2g2 distinct from binding sites for ubiquitin-activating enzyme (E1) and RING fingers. Binding to the G2BR results in conformational changes in Ube2g2 that affect ubiquitin loading. The Ube2g2:G2BR interaction also causes an 50-fold increase in affinity between the E2 and RING finger. This results in markedly increased ubiquitylation by Ube2g2 and the gp78 RING finger. The significance of this G2BR effect is underscored by enhanced ubiquitylation observed when Ube2g2 is paired with other RING finger E3s. These findings uncover a mechanism whereby allosteric effects on an E2 enhance E2-RING finger interactions and, consequently, ubiquitylation.

    Das, Ranabir; Mariano, Jennifer; Tsai, Yien Che; Kalathur, Ravi C.; Kostova, Zlatka; Li, Jess; Tarasov, Sergey G.; McFeeters, Robert L.; Altieri, Amanda S.; Ji, Xinhua; Byrd, R. Andrew; Weissman, Allan M.; (NCI)

    2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    429

    MPS Model-Based Software Acquisition Process Improvement in Brazil  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    This paper describes an initiative to improve software acquisition process in Brazil. This initiative was conducted in the context of the MPS.BR Program, a nationwide effort to develop and disseminate the MPS Model both in large organizations and Small ...

    Kival Chaves Weber; Eratostenes Edson Ramalho de Araujo; Danilo Scalet; Edmeia Leonor Pereira de Andrade; Ana Regina Cavalcanti da Rocha; Mariano Angel Montoni

    2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    430

    In high-tech industries, large amounts of reliable, high-quality  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    with the grid, three reciprocating engines, two absorption chillers, and a heat recovery steam generator (HRSGW natural gas-fired fuel cells · Two 70-ton Thermax LiBr absorption chillers · One unfired heat recovery, absorption chillers, and a HRSG. DISTRIBUTED ENERGY PROGRAM PROJECT PROFILE #12;Distributed Energy Project

    431

    Ylides: Stabilization of Novel, Low Valent Carbon-Based Ligands with Applications in Catalysis  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    2 Dipp NBS N PBr 3 Dipp N Ni(COD) 2 Dipp N X PPh 3 Br PPh 39 P Ph 2 Li(thf) x P 8 Ph 2 [RhCl(COD)] 2 Dipp N Rh -LiCl10 P Ph 2 CO -COD Dipp CO N Rh CO 11 P Ph 2 Scheme 2.4.

    Asay, Matt

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    432

    CALCULATION OF PULSED KICKER MAGNETIC FIELD ATTENUATION INSIDE BEAM CHAMBERS  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Petroleum Institute, and CENPES/Petrobrás in Brazil. REFERENCES Agência Nacional do Petróleo (ANP). 1999. http://www.anp.gov.br. Alvarez, P.J.J. and Vogel, T.M. 1995. Degradation of BTEX and their aerobic

    Kemner, Ken

    433

    --No Title--  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    B1 (CF3Br) Quantity Value Units Value Units 0.45665 Specific gravity (20 C, 1 atm) 1.50 g cm-3 Mean excitation energy 210.5 eV Minimum ionization 1.513 MeV g-1cm2 2.270 MeV...

    434

    --No Title--  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    B2 (CF2Br2) Quantity Value Units Value Units 0.44901 Specific gravity (20 C, 1 atm) 1.80 g cm-3 Mean excitation energy 284.9 eV Minimum ionization 1.445 MeV g-1cm2 2.601...

    435

    Thomas, J.R. and Clem, A.W, 1991, PWR moderator temperature coefficient via noise analysis: time series methods, Proceedings of SMORNVI, Gatlinburg, 34.01  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    , Nucl. Technology 56:484. Tylee, J.L., 1983, On­line failure detection in nuclear power plant in nuclear power plants, Proceedings of the Topical Meeting on Advances in Human Factors Research on Man networks to the operations of nuclear power plants, Nuclear Safety, 32:68 Upadhyaya, B.R., and Kitamura, M

    Pázsit, Imre

    436

    CROSSED MOLECULAR BEAM STUDIES OF CHEMILUMINESCENT REACTIONS  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    L , and M. A. D. F1uendy, Chemic 1ecular Beam 12. A. KantrowP. R. Br J • I • I Lawley. Chemic a·l an and 1ey, Chern. I •5) were of brass and chemic Each lens ho 1 der consists of a

    Kahler, Carol Cuzens

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    437

    CD146 expression is associated with a poor prognosis in human breast tumors and with enhanced motility in breast cancer cell lines  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    (Asterand, Detroit, MI, USA). ZR-75-30, T47D, BrCA-MZ-02, MDA-MB-453, MDA-MB- 231, MDA-MB-436 and BT549 cells were cultured in RPMI (Cambrex, Verviers, Belgium) supplemented with 10% heat- inactivated FCS (Invitrogen, Paisley, UK). MCF-7 cells were cultured...

    Zabouo, Gwladys; Imbert, Anne-Marie; Jacquemier, Jocelyne; Finetti, Pascal; Moreau, Thomas; Esterni, Benjamin; Birnbaum, Daniel; Bertucci, Francois; Chabannon, Christian

    2009-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    438

    Offshore Wind Resource Global Wind Potential Supply Curves by...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Offshore Wind Resource Global Wind Potential Supply Curves by Country, Class, and Depth (quantities in GW)<br> 2012-07-12T22:51:45Z 2012-07-13T20:49:20Z I am submitting data from...

    439

    8. R. Q8tavaoa, Chlei, Aooouatability Branoh,  

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    . R. Q8tavaoa, Chlei, Aooouatability Branoh, Ptodu@tlzm Dtioi oa Ilr 1% w% 3, ?. o8nrig110, ahior, Mudlo0.x 8anlpllnQ Plan4 T'RM8pBR OP MXDDIBm XHVBNTORY 01 SF yU'R:'W8 * Ilr;...

    440

    AEO2011: Natural Gas Supply, Disposition, and Prices  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The data is broken down into production, net imports, consumption by sector and price. <br> 2011-07-29T20:18:45Z 2011-08-31T17:50:04Z http:www.eia.govoiaf...

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ulysses br anch" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    441

    AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Texas Regional...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br> 2011-08-08T14:57:52Z 2011-08-16T23:43:11Z http:www.eia.gov...

    442

    6 MaxPlanckForschung 4 | 11 ,,Intelligenz", so Chaim Weizmann, ,,ist der  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    - chen Chemie, Wirtschaft und Weltraumfor- schunghervorgebracht­dasbelegtdiehohe wissenschaftliche. Während am Anfang der deutsch-israeli- schen Beziehungen nach dem Holocaust auf deutscher Seite vor allem deutsch-israe- lischen Beziehungen kam der Wissenschaft nach 1945 die Rolle eines Brückenbauers zu

    443

    AFSLUTNINGSRAPPORT Journal nr. 33031-0066  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    ethanol. Endelig er det testet at øge konceptets udbytte ved at producere biogas fra resten af det af gærceller. Fermentering (Xylose) Fermentering (Glucose) Fast brændstof Biogas proces ForbehandlingBiomasse BIOGAS ETHANOL Proces vand H2 Vådoxidation Enzymatisk hydrolysis + C6 fermentering Destillation Anaerob

    444

    Copyright 1983 by the American Psychological Association, Inc.  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    . Br Hammastein, P. (1995) 7'knds Ed. Ewf. la, MaynardSmith, J. &Szathmbry,E(1995) ThcMqjor Zhsizions,P.(1995)L Mol. Ewf. 41,127-73l. Law, R.& Lewis, D.H.(1983) Bioi. J. hn.Soc 20, 2.49-276, Douglaq A E. (199

    Timberlake, William D.

    445

    ~ .. -~' -. I-.' : -,'<- " 1 . 1  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    . Br Hammastein, P. (1995) 7'knds Ed. Ewf. la, MaynardSmith, J. &Szathmbry,E(1995) ThcMqjor Zhsizions,P.(1995)L Mol. Ewf. 41,127-73l. Law, R.& Lewis, D.H.(1983) Bioi. J. hn.Soc 20, 2.49-276, Douglaq A E. (199

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    446

    Slide 1  

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    t to o 1 10 0: :4 40 0 a am m B Br re ea ak k 10:40 to 11:00 am US Role in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Dan Collier (NMMSS) 11:00 am to 12:00 pm International Reporting Country...

    447

    ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR NRC WORK Additional Terms and Conditions for NRC Work -March 2012  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    , the NRC may direct the Laboratory/DOE to not publish the work as a NUREG/CR, but publish as a Laboratory shall follow general guidance provided in NUREG/BR-0167, "Software Quality Assurance Program with the designation NUREG/IA-XXXX for international agreement reports or NUREG/CR-XXXX for contractor reports. Details

    448

    Classes Are Starting Soon! Prof"..roMI Photography G,aph~ o..,rgn  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Simone Gori and Val HamburQer, then atthe UnOiersily of FreiburQ in Germany, is a noyel Yariation ofthe .... S~deshows > Mind~Br'" Combiml1iOll of the RO'il1illU_liKed_lilies ""d Enigma Gori and HamburQer

    449

    Image of John Whitehorn  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Isngiis ^ -: I,e.ss s , ,!a s sR !.:"5 :'!a S s xt .: s siv . . .s .: II'b R "ra ; E E .- E .S . s[ 6{ 'qg R s F; .s\\ sR b'R :,t a -_ s - :d i.: U E I t* *EFRl.r r 'r'#| ...

    Whitehorn, John

    1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    450

    [3] Fred Douglis and Brian Marsh. Low power disk management for mobile computers. Technical  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    . In Pro­ ceedings ACM SIGMOD, 1994. [6] Ravi Jain and John Werth. Airdisks and air­ raid, November 1996. [5] T. Imielinski, S. Viswanathan, , and B.R. Badri­ nath. Energy efficient indexing on air 1996. [11] Stanley Zdonik, Michael Franklin, Rafael Alonso, and Swarup Acharya. Are ``Disks in the Air

    California at Berkeley, University of

    451

    [3] Fred Douglis and Brian Marsh. Low power disk management for mobile computers. Technical  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    . In Pro- ceedings ACM SIGMOD, 1994. [6] Ravi Jain and John Werth. Airdisks and air- raid, November 1996. [5] T. Imielinski, S. Viswanathan, , and B.R. Badri- nath. Energy efficient indexing on air 1996. [11] Stanley Zdonik, Michael Franklin, Rafael Alonso, and Swarup Acharya. Are "Disks in the Air

    Han, Richard Y.

    452

    Ris National Laboratory Technical University of Denmark November 2007 Ris Energy Report 6  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    -produceret el konkurrencedyg- tigt i Danmark. Bioethanol er et lovende brændstof til transportsekto- ren, især andengenerations bioethanol produceret af planteaffald som fx halm. Andre flydende biobrændsler #12;Risø Energy advances in biomass conversion and significant changes in energy markets. We even have a new term, "modern

    453

    Heavy metal contamination in highway soils. Comparison of Corpus Christi, Texas and Cincinnati, Ohio shows organic matter is key to mobility  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    is located here. Also a fume hood suitable for radioactive work is here. Roghelio is the man to consult cool off (in a Erlenmeyer bottle under running water or using magnetic stirrer) before adding one drop of EtBr 2,5µl/50ml gel solution (stock solution's concentration is 10mg/ml) pipette stock solution

    Maynard, J. Barry

    454

    LAB USER MANUAL Version 2.0  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    under running water or using magnetic stirrer) before adding one drop of EtBr 2,5µl/50ml gel solution incubator is located here. Also a fume hood suitable for radioactive work is here. Roghelio is the man (stock solution's concentration is 10mg/ml) pipette stock solution inside the fume hood. Cast the gel

    Wahlberg, Niklas

    455

    Trauma exposure, PTSD and psychotic-like symptoms in post-conflict Timor Leste: an epidemiological survey  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    -like ideas. Br J Clin Psychol 2007, 46(Pt 2):187–201. 9. Freeman D, Fowler D: Routes to psychotic symptoms: trauma, anxiety and psychosis-like experiences. Psychiatry Res 2009, 169(2):107–112.10. Odenwald M, Hinkel H, Schauer E, Schauer M, Elbert T, Neuner F...

    Soosay, Ian; Silove, Derrick; Bateman-Steel, Catherine; Steel, Zachary; Bebbington, Paul; Jones, Peter B; Chey, Tien; Ivancic, Lorraine; Marnane, Claire

    2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    456

    Notes: The Characteristics of Rosaries  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    ), Druk .Kunchen Kabum ('Brug-kun-mkhyen-bka, bum) and in other texts. The String The material and composition of the string is another important factor. normally a string or thread of wool (1:1121') or cotton ( ,,-.') br gold (IIJ~";:) is used...

    Hochotsang, Kunga Yonten

    1973-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    457

    Lithium disulfide battery  

    SciTech Connect

    A negative electrode limited secondary electrochemical cell having dense FeS.sub.2 positive electrode operating exclusively on the upper plateau, a Li alloy negative electrode and a suitable lithium-containing electrolyte. The electrolyte preferably is 25 mole percent LiCl, 38 mole percent LiBr and 37 mole percent KBr. The cell may be operated isothermally.

    Kaun, Thomas D. (New Lenox, IL)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    458

    Global PV Grid Parity Global PV grid parity and market potential  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global PV Grid Parity Global PV grid parity and market potential.  Data is courtesy of Sean Ong.<br> 2012-04-13T20:55:49Z 2012-06-06T21:02:36Z I am submitting data from...

    459

    EngOpt 2012 -International Conference on Engineering Optimization Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1-5 July 2012.  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    EngOpt 2012 - International Conference on Engineering Optimization Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1-5 July, 39401-089 - Montes Claros - MG, Brazil E-mail: nilson.brito@unimontes.br Departamento de Matem´atica, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, 35400-000 - Ouro Preto - MG, Brazil E-mail: anderson

    Cruz, Frederico

    460

    Classification of Cabo Frio (Brazil) three-dimensional ocean features using single-slice acoustic observations  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Classification of Cabo Frio (Brazil) three-dimensional ocean features using single-slice acoustic-000 Arraial do Cabo, RJ, Brazil, {lcalado, ana.claudia}@ieapm.mar.mil.br Acoustic tomography is now a well for an instantaneous sound speed field constructed from dynamical predictions for Cabo Frio, Brazil. The results show

    Jesus, Sérgio M.

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ulysses br anch" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    461

    A New Species of Parodia (Cactaceae, Notocacteae) from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    A New Species of Parodia (Cactaceae, Notocacteae) from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Marlon C. Machado Grande do Sul, Brazil. jlarocca@unisinos.br ABSTRACT . A new species, Parodia gaucha M. Machado & Larocca (Cactaceae, Notocacteae), from Encruzilhada do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, is described and illustrated

    Zürich, Universität

    462

    Slide 1  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    Test Facts 2004 2005 Injection Fluid Surface Water Formation Water pH 3.5 4.8 P CO2 (atm) 8 atm 1 atm Tracers Cl, Br Cl, d 18 O, d 2 H, SF 6 Injection Volume (m 3 ) 1.4 m 3 1.4...

    463

    Light-Duty Vehicle Energy Consumption by Fuel Type from EIA AEO...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Light-Duty Vehicle Energy Consumption by Fuel Type from EIA AEO 2011 Early Release Supplemental Table 47 of EIA AEO 2011 Early Release<br> 2011-02-23T16:04:28Z 2011-03-31T19:33:44Z...

    464

    Web Service Composition for Deductive Web Mining: A Knowledge Modelling Approach  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    , Morgan Kaufmann, 1995. 16. Sv´atek, V., Kosek, J., Labsk´y, M., Br´aza, J., Kavalec, M., Vacura, M., V Workshop on Web Semantics (WebS03), IEEE Computer Society 2003. 17. Sv´atek, V., Kosek, J., Vacura, M

    ten Teije, Annette

    465

    page 1 of 4 Vrme-och strmningsteknik  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    -fired single-stage LiBr­water absorption chiller given in the figure . The chiller generates a cooling power (-) and cooling capacity Q (kJ/kg refrigerant) for two cases: a. the reversible Carnot cycle where the refrigerant. A cooling tower is used for cooling the condenser water of a refrigeration system that has a heat rejection

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    466

    A solid oxide fuel cell system for buildings Florian Zink a,*, Yixin Lu b  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    online 7 November 2006 Abstract This paper examines an integrated solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) absorption heating and cooling system used for buildings. The inte- grated system can provide heating/cooling and of a pre-commercial SOFC system and a commercial LiBr absorption system, is performed. In the case study

    467

    New Zealand Energy Data: Liquid Biofuels Production (2007 - 2009...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    energy. Included here are the annual estimates of total production of biodiesel and bioethanol (2007 - 2009).<br> 2011-01-25T23:42:06Z 2011-01-27T19:24:54Z http:www.med.govt.nz...

    468

    Contribution of the PALB2 c.2323C>T [p. Q775X] Founder mutation in well-defined breast and/or ovarian cancer families and unselected ovarian cancer cases of French Canadian descent  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    ] mutation carrier fam carrier in family F1469. Abbreviations: bilateral breast cancer (Bi Br), cerebra melanoma (Mel), stomach cancer (Sto), and uterine cancer (Ut). Age at asce diagnosis of cancer. Tischkowitz et al. BMC Medical Genetics 2013, 14:5 Page 4...

    Tischkowitz, Marc; Sabbaghian, Nelly; Hamel, Nancy; Pouchet, Carly; Foulkes, William D; Mes-Masson, Anne-Marie; Provencher, Diane M; Tonin, Patricia N

    2013-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    469

    T H E O F F I C I A L U N I V E R S I T Y H O U S I N G N E W S L E T T E R S U M M E R 2 0 0 9  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    'RE NOT USING THEM, AND USE A POWER STRIP THAT SENSES WHEN APPLIANCES ARE OFF, ELIMINATING "PHANTOM"OR "VAMPIRE" ENERGY USE. WHEN IT COMES TO BEING ENVIRONMENTALLY RESPONSIBLE, SMALL EFFORTS CAN MAKE A BIG DIFFERENCE. WWW.NCSU.EDU/HOUSING WWW.NCSU.EDU/HOUSING DEAS BR GHT HIT THE SWITCH. HELP CONSERVE ENERGY ON CAMPUS

    470

    Experimental Results in the Comparison of Search Algorithms Used with Room Temperature Detectors  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Analysis of time sequence data was run for several higher resolution scintillation detectors using a variety of search algorithms, and results were obtained in predicting the relative performance for these detectors, which included a slightly superior performance by CeBr{sub 3}. Analysis of several search algorithms shows that inclusion of the RSPRT methodology can improve sensitivity.

    Guss, P., Yuan, D., Cutler, M., Beller, D.

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    471

    TMS 2002 Annual Meeting & Exhibition  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Feb 19, 2002 ... potliners and various electric drying and preheat- ing systems. In close ..... HART has implemented a third generation. Heating .... Malco) and abroad (SaAz & BrAz in Russia). ..... Less than 1 percent of the metal is lost in the ...

    472

    Islets 3:6, 320-326; November/December 2011; 2011 Landes Bioscience RESEARCH PAPER  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    for recombination in the intermediate-sized clusters n=8­10 are extremely long, and in these cases with Br- and I products. This process is studied experimentally using time-resolved, pump-probe techniques, is explained by the presence of a solvent-induced well on the A state, the depth of which directly corresponds

    Aluffi, Paolo

    473

    James M. Coughlan Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    of the Problem 3-D lines in Manhattan scene project to lines on uv image plane. cr ar fu rr rr = cr br fv rr rrJames M. Coughlan Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute Manhattan World: Orientation and Outlier Detection by Bayesian Inference #12;Application of the statistics of edges: Manhattan World Many scenes

    Coughlan, James M.

    474

    Atriopeptin II and 8-bromo-cGMP lower Ca/sup 2 +/ in cultured aortic smooth muscle cells  

    SciTech Connect

    Atriopeptin II (ANP) or 8-Bromo-cGMP (8-Br-cGMP) decreased the levels of intracellular Ca/sup 2 +/ in Angiotensin II- (Ang) or K/sup +/-stimulated cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells. Cytoplasmic Ca/sup 2 +/, measured by fura-2 fluorescence, was maximal at 30 to 60 sec following the addition of either Ang or KCl. Pretreatment of smooth muscle cells with ANP or 8-Br-cGMP diminished peak levels of Ca/sup 2 +/ in response to Ang or KCl. Because the source of Ca/sup 2 +/ mobilized by KCl was extracellular while that mobilized by Ang was intracellular, these results suggested that ANP and 8-Br-cGMP did not inhibit the mobilization of Ca/sup 2 +/. This was further supported by studies on the effects of ANP and 8-Br-cGMP on inositol polyphosphate production in cells labelled with /sup 3/H-inositol. Ang, but not KCl, produced time-dependent increases in inositol polyphosphates. On the other hand, they have observed that cGMP-dependent protein kinase (cGPK), but not cAMP-dependent protein kinase, caused a 4-fold stimulation of Ca/sup 2 +/ ATPase activity in crude microsomal fractions from cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells. These results suggest that ANP and 8-Br-cGMP may lower Ca/sup 2 +/ mobilized by Ang or KCl by enhancing Ca/sup 2 +/ efflux or resequestration possibly through the stimulation of a Ca/sup 2 +/ ATPase pump.

    Cornwell, T.L.; Rashatwar, S.S.; Lincoln, T.M.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    475

    Self-consistent Coronal Heating and Solar Wind Acceleration from Anisotropic Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    We present a series of models for the plasma properties along open magnetic flux tubes rooted in solar coronal holes, streamers, and active regions. These models represent the first self-consistent solutions that combine: (1) chromospheric heating driven by an empirically guided acoustic wave spectrum, (2) coronal heating from Alfven waves that have been partially reflected, then damped by anisotropic turbulent cascade, and (3) solar wind acceleration from gradients of gas pressure, acoustic wave pressure, and Alfven wave pressure. The only input parameters are the photospheric lower boundary conditions for the waves and the radial dependence of the background magnetic field along the flux tube. For a single choice for the photospheric wave properties, our models produce a realistic range of slow and fast solar wind conditions by varying only the coronal magnetic field. Specifically, a 2D model of coronal holes and streamers at solar minimum reproduces the latitudinal bifurcation of slow and fast streams seen by Ulysses. The radial gradient of the Alfven speed affects where the waves are reflected and damped, and thus whether energy is deposited below or above the Parker critical point. As predicted by earlier studies, a larger coronal ``expansion factor'' gives rise to a slower and denser wind, higher temperature at the coronal base, less intense Alfven waves at 1 AU, and correlative trends for commonly measured ratios of ion charge states and FIP-sensitive abundances that are in general agreement with observations. These models offer supporting evidence for the idea that coronal heating and solar wind acceleration (in open magnetic flux tubes) can occur as a result of wave dissipation and turbulent cascade. (abridged abstract)

    Steven R. Cranmer; Adriaan A. van Ballegooijen; Richard J. Edgar

    2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    476

    SCALE DEPENDENCE OF MAGNETIC HELICITY IN THE SOLAR WIND  

    SciTech Connect

    We determine the magnetic helicity, along with the magnetic energy, at high latitudes using data from the Ulysses mission. The data set spans the time period from 1993 to 1996. The basic assumption of the analysis is that the solar wind is homogeneous. Because the solar wind speed is high, we follow the approach first pioneered by Matthaeus et al. by which, under the assumption of spatial homogeneity, one can use Fourier transforms of the magnetic field time series to construct one-dimensional spectra of the magnetic energy and magnetic helicity under the assumption that the Taylor frozen-in-flow hypothesis is valid. That is a well-satisfied assumption for the data used in this study. The magnetic helicity derives from the skew-symmetric terms of the three-dimensional magnetic correlation tensor, while the symmetric terms of the tensor are used to determine the magnetic energy spectrum. Our results show a sign change of magnetic helicity at wavenumber k {approx} 2 AU{sup -1} (or frequency {nu} {approx} 2 {mu}Hz) at distances below 2.8 AU and at k {approx} 30 AU{sup -1} (or {nu} {approx} 25 {mu}Hz) at larger distances. At small scales the magnetic helicity is positive at northern heliographic latitudes and negative at southern latitudes. The positive magnetic helicity at small scales is argued to be the result of turbulent diffusion reversing the sign relative to what is seen at small scales at the solar surface. Furthermore, the magnetic helicity declines toward solar minimum in 1996. The magnetic helicity flux integrated separately over one hemisphere amounts to about 10{sup 45} Mx{sup 2} cycle{sup -1} at large scales and to a three times lower value at smaller scales.

    Brandenburg, Axel [NORDITA, AlbaNova University Center, Roslagstullsbacken 23, SE-10691 Stockholm (Sweden); Subramanian, Kandaswamy [Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India); Balogh, Andre [International Space Science Institute, Hallerstrasse 6, Bern CH-3012 (Switzerland); Goldstein, Melvyn L., E-mail: brandenb@nordita.org, E-mail: kandu@iucaa.ernet.in, E-mail: a.balogh@imperial.ac.uk, E-mail: melvyn.l.goldstein@nasa.gov [Code 673, NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

    2011-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    477

    MAGNETIC FLUX DENSITY MEASURED IN FAST AND SLOW SOLAR WIND STREAMS  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    The radial component of the heliospheric magnetic field vector is used to estimate the open magnetic flux density of the Sun. This parameter has been calculated using observations from the Ulysses mission that covered heliolatitudes from 80 Degree-Sign S to 80 Degree-Sign N, from 1990 to 2009 and distances from 1 to 5.4 AU, the Advanced Composition Explorer mission at 1 AU from 1997 to 2010, the OMNI interplanetary database from 1971, and the Helios 1 and 2 missions that covered the distance range from 0.3 to 1 AU. The flux density was found to be much affected by fluctuations in the magnetic field which make its calculated value dependent on heliospheric location, type of solar wind (fast or slow), and the level of solar activity. However, fluctuations are distributed symmetrically perpendicular to the average Parker direction. Therefore, distributions of the field vector in the two-dimensional plane defined by the radial and azimuthal directions in heliospheric coordinates provide a way to reduce the effects of the fluctuations on the measurement of the flux density. This leads to a better defined flux density parameter; the distributions modified by removing the effects of fluctuations then allow a clearer assessment of the dependence of the flux density on heliospheric location, solar wind type, and solar activity. This assessment indicates that the flux density normalized to 1 AU is independent of location and solar wind type (fast or slow). However, there is a residual dependence on solar activity which can be studied using the modified flux density measurements.

    Erdos, G. [Wigner Research Centre for Physics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1525 Budapest, POB 49 (Hungary); Balogh, A., E-mail: erdos.geza@wigner.mta.hu [The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom)

    2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    478

    General-Purpose Heat Source development: Extended series test program large fragment tests  

    SciTech Connect

    General-Purpose Heat Source radioisotope thermoelectric generators (GPHS-RTGs) will provide electric power for the NASA Galileo and European Space Agency Ulysses missions. Each GPHS-RTG comprises two major components: GPHS modules, which provide thermal energy, and a thermoelectric converter, which converts the thermal energy into electric power. Each of the 18 GPHS modules in a GPHS-RTG contains four /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/-fueled capsules. LANL conducted a series of safety verification tests on the GPHS-RTG before the scheduled May 1986 launch of the Galileo spacecraft to assess the ability of the GPHS modules to contain the plutonia in potential accident environments. As a result of the Challenger 51-L accident in January 1986, NASA postponed the launch of Galileo; the launch vehicle was reconfigured and the spacecraft trajectory was modified. These actions prompted NASA to reevaluate potential mission accidents, and an extended series safety test program was initiated. The program included a series of large fragment tests that simulated the collision of solid rocket booster (SRB) fragments, generated in an SRB motor case rupture or resulting from a range safety officer SRB destruct action, with the GPHS-RTG. The tests indicated that fueled clads, inside a converter, will not breach or release fuel after a square (142 cm on a side) SRB fragment impacts flat-on at velocities up to 212 m/s, and that only the leading fueled capsules breach and release fuel after the square SRB fragment impacts the modules, inside the converter, edge-on at 95 m/s. 8 refs., 32 figs., 7 tabs.

    Cull, T.A.

    1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    479

    AN AB INITIO MODEL FOR COSMIC-RAY MODULATION  

    SciTech Connect

    A proper understanding of the effects of turbulence on the diffusion and drift of cosmic rays (CRs) is of vital importance for a better understanding of CR modulation in the heliosphere. This study presents an ab initio model for CR modulation, incorporating for the first time the results yielded by a two-component turbulence transport model. This model is solved for solar minimum heliospheric conditions, utilizing boundary values chosen so that model results are in reasonable agreement with spacecraft observations of turbulence quantities in the solar ecliptic plane and along the out-of-ecliptic trajectory of the Ulysses spacecraft. These results are employed as inputs for modeled slab and two-dimensional (2D) turbulence energy spectra. The modeled 2D spectrum is chosen based on physical considerations, with a drop-off at the very lowest wavenumbers. There currently exist no models or observations for the wavenumber where this drop-off occurs, and it is considered to be the only free parameter in this study. The modeled spectra are used as inputs for parallel mean free path expressions based on those derived from quasi-linear theory and perpendicular mean free paths from extended nonlinear guiding center theory. Furthermore, the effects of turbulence on CR drifts are modeled in a self-consistent way, also employing a recently developed model for wavy current sheet drift. The resulting diffusion and drift coefficients are applied to the study of galactic CR protons and antiprotons using a 3D, steady-state CR modulation code, and sample solutions in fair to good agreement with multiple spacecraft observations are presented.

    Engelbrecht, N. E.; Burger, R. A. [Center for Space Research, North-West University, Potchefstroom 2520 (South Africa)

    2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    480

    NMMSS News, March 2006  

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    6 6 SPONSORED BY DOE AND NRC PREPARED BY NAC INTERNATIONAL Modification of NRC's Two NMMSS Reporting NUREGs In the August/September 2005 NMMSS News, the NRC placed an article noting that it had directed NMMSS to start accepting transaction reports from Licensees reporting Rounding Adjustments. Since that time, the NRC has modified NUREG/BR-0006 and NUREG/BR-0007 through the issuance of an "errata" sheet for each NUREG to document the approval for reporting rounding adjustments. The modification was performed at the request of licensees who wanted NRC to formally note that licensees may to report "rounding adjustments" to NMMSS. On February 7, 2006, the NRC's public web site was updated to include an "errata" sheet as part of

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ulysses br anch" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    481

    W  

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    br". br". r:' W ashington, DC 20545 Mr. Carl Schafer Director of Environmental Polic y O ffice of the Deputy Assistant Secretary ~ of Defense for Installations Pentagon W ashington, D.C. 20301 Dear Mr. Schafer: As you know, the Department of Energy (DOE) is implementing a program to identify s ites that may be radiologically contaminated as a result of .DOE predecessor operations and to correct any problems associated with this contamination if there is DOE authority to do so; Reviews of historical materials,from the Manhattan Engineer District (MED) and Atomic Energy Commis s ion (AEC) era conducted in support of this program have identified a number,of active and former Department of Defense (DOD) installations and D O D contractor s ites involved in activities related to the MED/AEC

    482

    Northern Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electric Coop, Inc Electric Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Northern Electric Coop, Inc Place South Dakota Utility Id 13750 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png RATE 1055 Irrigation- Direct Controlled Commercial RATE 1057 Irrigation- Uncontrolled Commercial RATE 1223 Irrigation (Pivot Drive) Commercial RATE B004 (Single/Multi Phase - Commercial) Commercial RATE BR 24 Industrial Interruptible Industrial RATE BR10-11-15-17 FR10 Sub-Metered Heating/Cooling/Crop Drying Commercial

    483

    PowerPoint Presentation  

    Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

    Technology Technology Radar V-V NaNiCl2 Li-ion ZnCl2 Pb-A NiCad H2Br2 ZnBr2 NiMH NaS Fe2Cr3 trouble trouble trouble trouble trouble trouble trouble trouble trouble trouble trouble Opportunity ! Opportunity ! Opportunity ! Opportunity ! Opportunity ! Opportunity ! Opportunity ! Opportunity ! Opportunity ! Opportunity ! Opportunity ! 2  Bridge the gap to the practical application of a mature and high-performance electrochemistry for grid storage.  Provide the required application definition with utility and other customer input to optimize benefits to the community  Facilitate technology and system development in 2010 - 2011  Field demonstration at PG&E Modular Generation Substation early 2012  Field deployment at Modesto Irrigation District late 2012 Proof of Principle Technology

    484

    U  

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    JULY/AUGUST 2007 JULY/AUGUST 2007 NMMSS Upgrade Status The Department of Energy (DOE), the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), NMMSS staff and Washington Savannah River Company staff participated in a meeting on August 21-22 to discuss the status of the NMMSS Upgrade. All parties agreed that the remaining project and implementation schedule should allow for the potential use of contingency. The team expects that during the summer of 2008, full parallel testing of the NMMSS Upgrade will occur. In addition, DOE and NRC jointly concurred with a proposed NRC revision of the effective date of NUREG/BR-0006 and NUREG/BR-0007 until January 1, 2009, to allow for potential contingency. The NRC representative informed the attendees that the NRC will seek to enact this revision.

    485

    Results from the Crystal Ball at DORIS II  

    SciTech Connect

    Results are presented from studies of the inclusive photon spectra in hadronic decays of the UPSILON' and UPSILON and the exclusive channel UPSILON' ..-->.. ..gamma gamma..UPSILON ..-->.. ..cap alpha cap alpha..l/sup +/l/sup -/, by the Crystal Ball detector at DORIS II. We measure two signals in the UPSILON' ..-->.. ..gamma.. + anything inclusive channel at E(..gamma..) == 108.3 +- 0.9 +- 3.0 MeV and at E(..gamma..) == 127.5 +- 1.2 +- 4.0 MeV. Branching ratios obtained for these signals are: BR(UPSILON' ..-->.. ..gamma..(108) + anything) == (6.3 +- 1.3 +- 1.4)% BR(UPSILON' ..-->.. ..gamma..(128) + anything) == (6.0 +- 1.3 +- 1.4)%.

    Gaiser, J.E.

    1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    486

    Standard test method for determination of bromine and chlorine in UF6 and uranyl nitrate by X-Ray fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    1.1 This method covers the determination of bromine (Br) and chlorine (Cl) in uranium hexafluoride (UF6) and uranyl nitrate solution. The method as written covers the determination of bromine in UF6 over the concentration range of 0.2 to 8 ?g/g, uranium basis. The chlorine in UF6 can be determined over the range of 4 to 160 ?g/g, uranium basis. Higher concentrations may be covered by appropriate dilutions. The detection limit for Br is 0.2 ?g/g uranium basis and for Cl is 4 ?g/g uranium basis. 1.2 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    487

    PYOMELANIN IS PRODUCED BY SHEWANELLA ALGAE BRY AND EFFECTED BY EXOGENOUS IRON  

    SciTech Connect

    Melanin production by S. algae BrY occurred during late/post-exponential growth in lactate-basal-salts liquid medium supplemented with tyrosine or phenylalanine. The antioxidant ascorbate inhibited melanin production, but not production of the melanin precursor, homogentisic acid. In the absence of ascorbate, melanin production was inhibited by the 4-hydroxyplenylpyruvate dioxygenase inhibitor, sulcotrione and Fe(II) (>0.2mM). These data support the hypothesis that pigment production by S. algae BrY was a result the conversion of tyrosine or phenylalanine to homogentisic acid which was excreted, auto-oxidized and self-polymerized to form pyomelanin. The inverse relationship between Fe(II) concentration and pyomelanin production has implications that pyomelanin may play a role in iron assimilation under Fe(II) limiting conditions.

    Turick, C; Frank Caccavo, F; Jr., J; Louis S. Tisa, L

    2006-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    488

    Measurement of W and Z production cross-sections in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.8 TeV  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    The cross sections for W and Z production in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.8 TeV are measured using the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The detected final states are W {yields} ev{sub e}, Z {yields} e{sup +}e{sup {minus}}, W {yields} {mu}v{sub {mu}}, and Z {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup {minus}}. In the ratio of these measurements, many common sources of systematic error cancel and we measure R = {sigma},(p{bar p} {yields} W) {center_dot} Br(W {yields} lv)/ {sigma},(p{bar p} {yields} Z) {center_dot} Br(Z {yields} l{sup +}l{sup {minus}}). Assuming standard model couplings, this result is used to determine the width of the W bosom and to set a limit on the decay W{sup +} {yields} t{bar b}.

    Quintas, P.Z.; D0 Collaboration

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    489

    $\\rho-\\omega-$Interference in $J/\\psi-$Decays and $\\rho\\to \\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0$ Decay  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    We study $\\rho-\\omega-$interference by analyzing $J/\\psi\\to \\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0\\pi^0$. PDG-2002 data on $J/\\psi$ decays into $PP$ and $PV$ ($P$ denotes pseudoscalar mesons; $V$, vector mesons) are used to fit a generic model which describes the $J/\\psi$ decays. From the fits, we obtain anomalously large branching ratio $Br(\\rho^0\\to \\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0)\\sim 10^{-3}-10^{-2}$. A theoretical analysis for it is also provided, and the prediction is in good agreement with the anomalously large $Br(\\rho^0\\to \\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0)$. By the fit, we also get the $\\eta-\\eta'-$mixing angle $\\theta=-19.68^o\\pm 1.49^o$ and the constituent quark mass ratio $m_u/m_s\\sim 0.6$ which are all reasonable.

    Fang, L; Huang, Y B; Yan, M L; Fang, Liu; Jin, Li; Huang, Yi-Bin; Yan, Mu-Lin

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    490

    DETERMINING THE RATIO OF THE H+ YIELDS TV TO H+ YIELDS TB DECAY RATES FOR LARGE TAN BETA AT THE LARGE HADRON COLLIDER.  

    SciTech Connect

    We present results on the determination of the observable ratio R = BR(H{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{nu}{sup -})/BR(H{sup +} {yields} t{bar b}) of charged Higgs boson decay rates as a discriminant quantity between Supersymmetric and non-Supersymmetric models. Simulation of measurements of this quantity through the analysis of the charged Higgs production process gb {yields} tbH{sup +} and relative backgrounds in the two above decay channels has been performed in the context of ATLAS. A {approx} 12-14% accuracy on R can be achieved for tan {beta} = 50, m{sub H{sup {+-}}} = 300-500 GeV and after an integrated luminosity of 300 fb{sup -1}. With this precision measurement, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) can easily discriminate between models for the two above scenarios, so long as tan {beta} > 20.

    ASSAMAGAN,K.A.GUASCH,J.MORETTI,S.PENARANDA,S.

    2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    491

    Unveiling Residual Molecular Binding in Triply Charged Hydrogen Bromide  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    We present an experimental and theoretical study of triply charged hydrogen bromide ions formed by photoionization of the inner 3d shell of Br. The experimental results, obtained by detecting the 3d photoelectron in coincidence with the two subsequent Auger electrons, are analyzed using calculated potential energy curves of HBr{sup 3+}. The competition between the short-range chemical binding potential and the Coulomb repulsion in the dissociative process is shown. Two different mechanisms are observed for double Auger decay: one, a direct process with simultaneous ejection of two Auger electrons to final HBr{sup 3+} ionic states and the other, a cascade process involving double Auger decay characterized by the autoionization of Br*{sup +} ion subsequent to the HBr{sup 2+} fragmentation.

    Penent, F.; Lablanquie, P.; Palaudoux, J.; Gamblin, G.; Carniato, S. [UPMC, Universite Paris 06, LCPMR, 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France)] [CNRS, LCPMR (UMR 7614), 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Andric, L. [UPMC, Universite Paris 06, LCPMR, 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France)] [CNRS, LCPMR (UMR 7614), 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France)] [Universite Paris-Est, 5 boulevard Descartes, 77454 Marne-la-Vallee Cedex 2 (France); Hikosaka, Y. [Department of Environmental Science, Niigata University, Niigata 950-2181 (Japan); Ito, K. [Photon Factory, Institute of Materials Structure Science, Oho, Tsukuba 305-0801 (Japan)

    2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    492

    Lepton Universality Test in Upsilon(1S) Decays at BaBar  

    SciTech Connect

    Using a sample of 122 million {Upsilon}(3S) decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, we measure the ratio R{sub {tau}{mu}} = BR({Upsilon}(1S) {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -})/BR({Upsilon}(1S) {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}); the measurement is intended as a test of lepton universality and as a possible search for a light pseudoscalar Higgs boson in Next to Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) scenarios. Such a boson could appear in a deviation of the ratio R{sub {tau}{mu}} from the Standard Model expectation, that is 1, except for small lepton mass corrections. The analysis exploits the decays {Upsilon}(3S) {yields} {Upsilon}(1S){pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, {Upsilon}(1S) {yields} l{sup +}l{sup -}, where l = {mu},{tau}.

    Guido, Elisa; /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa

    2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    493

    Evidence for $\\eta_{c} \\rightarrow \\gamma\\gamma$ and Measurement of $J/\\psi\\rightarrow 3\\gamma$  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    The decay of $J/\\psi$ to three photons is studied using $\\psi^\\prime\\to\\pi^+\\pi^-J/\\psi$ in a sample of 106 million $\\psi^\\prime$ events collected with the BESIII detector. First evidence of the decay $\\eta_c\\to\\gamma\\gamma$ is reported, and the product branching fraction is determined to be $\\br{J/\\psi\\to\\gamma\\eta_c,\\eta_c\\to \\gamma\\gamma}=(4.5\\pm1.2\\pm0.6)\\times10^{-6}$, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. The branching ratio for the direct decay is $\\br{J/\\psi\\to3\\gamma} = (11.3\\pm1.8\\pm2.0)\\times 10^{-6}$.

    Ablikim, M; Ambrose, D J; An, F F; An, Q; An, Z H; Bai, J Z; Ban, Y; Becker, J; Bertani, M; Bian, J M; Boger, E; Bondarenko, O; Boyko, I; Briere, R A; Bytev, V; Cai, X; Cakir, O; Calcaterra, A; Cao, G F; Cetin, S A; Chang, J F; Chelkov, G; Chen, G; Chen, H S; Chen, J C; Chen, M L; Chen, S J; Chen, Y B; Cheng, H P; Chu, Y P; Cronin-Hennessy, D; Dai, H L; Dai, J P; Dedovich, D; Deng, Z Y; Denig, A; Denysenko, I; Destefanis, M; Ding, W M; Ding, Y; Dong, L Y; Dong, M Y; Du, S X; Fang, J; Fang, S S; Fava, L; Feldbauer, F; Feng, C Q; Ferroli, R B; Fu, C D; Fu, J L; Gao, Y; Geng, C; Goetzen, K; Gong, W X; Gradl, W; Greco, M; Gu, M H; Gu, Y T; Guan, Y H; Guo, A Q; Guo, L B; Guo, Y P; Han, Y L; Harris, F A; He, K L; He, M; He, Z Y; Held, T; Heng, Y K; Hou, Z L; Hu, H M; Hu, J F; Hu, T; Huang, G M; Huang, J S; Huang, X T; Huang, Y P; Hussain, T; Ji, C S; Ji, Q; Ji, X B; Ji, X L; Jiang, L L; Jiang, X S; Jiao, J B; Jiao, Z; Jin, D P; Jin, S; Jing, F F; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N; Kavatsyuk, M; Kuehn, W; Lai, W; Lange, J S; Li, C H; Li, Cheng; Li, Cui; Li, D M; Li, F; Li, G; Li, H B; Li, J C; Li, K; Li, Lei; Li, Q J; Li, S L; Li, W D; Li, W G; Li, X L; Li, X N; Li, X Q; Li, X R; Li, Z B; Liang, H; Liang, Y F; Liang, Y T; Liao, G R; Liao, X T; Liu, B J; Liu, C L; Liu, C X; Liu, C Y; Liu, F H; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H; Liu, H B; Liu, H H; Liu, H M; Liu, H W; Liu, J P; Liu, K Y; Liu, Kai; Liu, P L; Liu, Q; Liu, S B; Liu, X; Liu, X H; Liu, Y B; Liu, Z A; Liu, Zhiqiang; Liu, Zhiqing; Loehner, H; Lu, G R; Lu, H J; Lu, J G; Lu, Q W; Lu, X R; Lu, Y P; Luo, C L; Luo, M X; Luo, T; Luo, X L; Lv, M; Ma, C L; Ma, F C; Ma, H L; Ma, Q M; Ma, S; Ma, T; Ma, X Y; Ma, Y; Maas, F E; Maggiora, M; Malik, Q A; Mao, Y J; Mao, Z P; Messchendorp, J G; Min, J; Min, T J; Mitchell, R E; Mo, X H; Morales, C Morales; Motzko, C; Muchnoi, N Yu; Muramatsu, H; Nefedov, Y; Nicholson, C; Nikolaev, I B; Ning, Z; Olsen, S L; Ouyang, Q; Pacetti, S; Park, J W; Pelizaeus, M; Peng, H P; Peters, K; Ping, J L; Ping, R G; Poling, R; Prencipe, E; Qi, M; Qian, S; Qiao, C F; Qin, X S; Qin, Y; Qin, Z H; Qiu, J F; Rashid, K H; Rong, G; Ruan, X D; Sarantsev, A; Schaefer, B D; Schulze, J; Shao, M; Shen, C P; Shen, X Y; Sheng, H Y; Shepherd, M R; Song, X Y; Spataro, S; Spruck, B; Sun, D H; Sun, G X; Sun, J F; Sun, S S; Sun, Y J; Sun, Y Z; Sun, Z J; Sun, Z T; Tang, C J; Tang, X; Tapan, I; Thorndike, E H; Toth, D; Ullrich, M; Varner, G S; Wang, B; Wang, B Q; Wang, K; Wang, L L; Wang, L S; Wang, M; Wang, P; Wang, P L; Wang, Q; Wang, Q J; Wang, S G; Wang, X L; Wang, Y D; Wang, Y F; Wang, Y Q; Wang, Z; Wang, Z G; Wang, Z Y; Wei, D H; Weidenkaff, P; Wen, Q G; Wen, S P; Werner, M; Wiedner, U; Wu, L H; Wu, N; Wu, S X; Wu, W; Wu, Z; Xia, L G; Xiao, Z J; Xie, Y G; Xiu, Q L; Xu, G F; Xu, G M; Xu, H; Xu, Q J; Xu, X P; Xu, Z R; Xue, F; Xue, Z; Yan, L; Yan, W B; Yan, Y H; Yang, H X; Yang, Y; Yang, Y X; Ye, H; Ye, M; Ye, M H; Yu, B X; Yu, C X; Yu, J S; Yu, S P; Yuan, C Z; Yuan, Y; Zafar, A A; Zallo, A; Zeng, Y; Zhang, B X; Zhang, B Y; Zhang, C C; Zhang, D H; Zhang, H H; Zhang, H Y; Zhang, J Q; Zhang, J W; Zhang, J Y; Zhang, J Z; Zhang, S H; Zhang, X J; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Y H; Zhang, Y S; Zhang, Z P; Zhang, Z Y; Zhao, G; Zhao, H S; Zhao, J W; Zhao, K X; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M G; Zhao, Q; Zhao, S J; Zhao, T C; Zhao, X H; Zhao, Y B; Zhao, Z G; Zhemchugov, A; Zheng, B; Zheng, J P; Zheng, Y H; Zhong, B; Zhong, J; Zhou, L; Zhou, X K; Zhou, X R; Zhu, C; Zhu, K; Zhu, K J; Zhu, S H; Zhu, X L; Zhu, X W; Zhu, Y C; Zhu, Y M; Zhu, Y S; Zhu, Z A; Zhuang, J; Zou, B S; Zou, J H

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    494

    The Large-Angle Photon Veto System for the NA62 Experiment at CERN  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Abstract—The branching ratio (BR) for the decay K + ? ? + ? ¯? is a sensitive probe for new physics. The NA62 experiment at the CERN SPS will measure this BR to within about 10%. To reject the dominant background from channels with final state photons, the large-angle vetoes (LAVs) must detect photons of energy as low as 200 MeV with an inefficiency of less than 10 ?4, as well as provide energy and time measurements with resolutions of 10 % and 1 ns for 1 GeV photons. The LAV detectors make creative reuse of lead glass blocks recycled from the OPAL electromagnetic calorimeter barrel. We describe the mechanical design and challenges faced during construction, the characterization of the lead glass blocks and solutions adopted for monitoring their performance, and the development of front-end electronics to allow simultaneous time and energy measurements over an extended dynamic range using the time-over-threshold

    F. Ambrosino; B. Angelucci; A. Antonelli; F. Costantini; R. Fantechi; S. Gallorini; S. Giudici; E. Leonardi; I. Mannelli; P. Massarotti; M. Moulson; M. Napolitano; V. Palladino; F. Rafaelli; M. Raggi; G. Saracino; M. Serra; T. Spadaro; P. Valente; S. Venditti; F. Ambrosino; P. Massarotti; M. Napolitano

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    495

    THE BENZOFUR-ASS OF ISOCOJA TVRIGHTII.'-3 STRCCTURE ,AND STEREOCHEMISTRY.  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    benzofurans.a -__ C ___ 1 3 4 5 6 S 9 10 11 12 13 14 I (3) - 6.6i ( 8 ) 8.li (d, 2.0) i.93 fdd, 2.0, S.i) i.43.88 fdd,2.0, 8.5: - - - 2.51 is: 1.73 1s) a) 4.93 (b3) br 5 OH (bs) - 5.00 (d,2.5) 6.li (d,2.5) 8

    Keinan, Ehud

    496

    Maximizing the Hydrogen Photoproduction Yields in Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii Cultures: The Effect of the H2 Partial Pressure  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Photoproduction of H{sub 2} gas has been examined in sulfur/phosphorus-deprived Chalmydomonas reinhardtii cultures, placed in photobioreactors (PhBRs) with different gas phase to liquid phase ratios (V{sub g.p.}/V{sub l.p.}). The results demonstrate that an increase in the ratio stimulates H{sub 2} photoproduction activity in both algal suspension cultures and in algae entrapped in thin alginate films. In suspension cultures, a 4x increase (from {approx}0.5 to {approx}2) in V{sub g.p.}/V{sub l.p} results in a 2x increase (from 10.8 to 23.1 mmol l{sup -1} or 264-565 ml l{sup -1}) in the total yield of H{sub 2} gas. Remarkably, 565 ml of H{sub 2} gas per liter of the suspension culture is the highest yield ever reported for a wild-type strain in a time period of less than 190 h. In immobilized algae, where diffusion of H{sub 2} from the medium to the PhBR gas phase is not affected by mixing, the maximum rate and yield of H{sub 2} photoproduction occur in PhBRs with V{sub g.p.}/V{sub l.p} above 7 or in a PhBR with smaller headspace, if the H{sub 2} is effectively removed from the medium by continuous flushing of the headspace with argon. These experiments in combination with studies of the direct inhibitory effect of high H{sub 2} concentrations in the PhBR headspace on H{sub 2} photoproduction activity in algal cultures clearly show that H{sub 2} photoproduction in algae depends significantly on the partial pressure of H{sub 2} (not O{sub 2} as previously thought) in the PhBR gas phase.

    Kosourov, S. N.; Batyrova, K. A.; Petushkova, E. P.; Tsygankov, A. A.; Ghirardi, M. L.; Seibert, M.

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    497

    A metabolomic investigation of the effects of vitamin E supplementation in humans  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    ). Gelatine capsules containing 400 mg of natural (RRR) alpha- tocopheryl acetate (purity 98.9%) in vitamin E-stripped corn oil were purchased from Eurocaps Ltd. (Gwent, UK). Human study For this study 10 male subjects were recruited from within the University... in nutrition: a metabolomics case study. Br J Nutr 2007, 98:1–14. 28. Han X, Gross RW: Shotgun lipidomics: electrospray ionization mass spectrometric analysis and quantitation of cellular lipidomes directly from crude extracts of biological samples. Mass...

    Wong, Max; Lodge, John K

    2012-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    498

    I ERPO NE 2007 04 a 06 de junho de 2007 Recife / PE AVALIAO E CORREO DE VIS NO MODELO DE REGRESSO DE COX  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    31270-901 - Belo Horizonte ­ MG E-mail: {jangiovani,fcruz,enricoc}@ufmg.br Resumo O modelo de riscos viés de segunda ordem do EMVP. As simulações Monte Carlo indicam viés menor, sem aumento de variância present computational results for second-order bias evaluation and correction of MPLE's. Monte Carlos

    Cruz, Frederico

    499

    Search for the rare decays Bs -> mu+ mu- and B0 -> mu+ mu-  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    A search for the decays Bs -> mu+ mu- and B0 -> mu+ mu- is performed with 0.37 fb^-1 of pp collisions at sqrt{s} = 7 TeV collected by the LHCb experiment in 2011. The upper limits on the branching fractions are BR (Bs -> mu+ mu-) mu+ mu-) mu+ mu-) mu+ mu-) < 3.2 x 10^-9 at 95% confidence level.

    LHCb Collaboration; R. Aaij; C. Abellan Beteta; B. Adeva; M. Adinolfi; C. Adrover; A. Affolder; Z. Ajaltouni; J. Albrecht; F. Alessio; M. Alexander; G. Alkhazov; P. Alvarez Cartelle; A. A. Alves Jr; S. Amato; Y. Amhis; J. Anderson; R. B. Appleby; O. Aquines Gutierrez; F. Archilli; L. Arrabito; A. Artamonov; M. Artuso; E. Aslanides; G. Auriemma; S. Bachmann; J. J. Back; D. S. Bailey; V. Balagura; W. Baldini; R. J. Barlow; C. Barschel; S. Barsuk; W. Barter; A. Bates; C. Bauer; Th. Bauer; A. Bay; I. Bediaga; S. Belogurov; K. Belous; I. Belyaev; E. Ben-Haim; M. Benayoun; G. Bencivenni; S. Benson; J. Benton; R. Bernet; M. -O. Bettler; M. van Beuzekom; A. Bien; S. Bifani; T. Bird; A. Bizzeti; P. M. Bjørnstad; T. Blake; F. Blanc; C. Blanks; J. Blouw; S. Blusk; A. Bobrov; V. Bocci; A. Bondar; N. Bondar; W. Bonivento; S. Borghi; A. Borgia; T. J. V. Bowcock; C. Bozzi; T. Brambach; J. van den Brand; J. Bressieux; D. Brett; M. Britsch; T. Britton; N. H. Brook; H. Brown; A. Büchler-Germann; I. Burducea; A. Bursche; J. Buytaert; S. Cadeddu; O. Callot; M. Calvi; M. Calvo Gomez; A. Camboni; P. Campana; A. Carbone; G. Carboni; R. Cardinale; A. Cardini; L. Carson; K. Carvalho Akiba; G. Casse; M. Cattaneo; Ch. Cauet; M. Charles; Ph. Charpentier; N. Chiapolini; K. Ciba; X. Cid Vidal; G. Ciezarek; P. E. L. Clarke; M. Clemencic; H. V. Cliff; J. Closier; C. Coca; V. Coco; J. Cogan; P. Collins; A. Comerma-Montells; F. Constantin; G. Conti; A. Contu; A. Cook; M. Coombes; G. Corti; G. A. Cowan; R. Currie; B. D'Almagne; C. D'Ambrosio; P. David; P. N. Y. David; I. De Bonis; S. De Capua; M. De Cian; F. De Lorenzi; J. M. De Miranda; L. De Paula; P. De Simone; D. Decamp; M. Deckenhoff; H. Degaudenzi; M. Deissenroth; L. Del Buono; C. Deplano; D. Derkach; O. Deschamps; F. Dettori; J. Dickens; H. Dijkstra; P. Diniz Batista; F. Domingo Bonal; S. Donleavy; F. Dordei; P. Dornan; A. Dosil Suárez; D. Dossett; A. Dovbnya; F. Dupertuis; R. Dzhelyadin; A. Dziurda; S. Easo; U. Egede; V. Egorychev; S. Eidelman; D. van Eijk; F. Eisele; S. Eisenhardt; R. Ekelhof; L. Eklund; Ch. Elsasser; D. Elsby; D. Esperante Pereira; L. Estéve; A. Falabella; E. Fanchini; C. Färber; G. Fardell; C. Farinelli; S. Farry; V. Fave; V. Fernandez Albor; M. Ferro-Luzzi; S. Filippov; C. Fitzpatrick; M. Fontana; F. Fontanelli; R. Forty; M. Frank; C. Frei; M. Frosini; S. Furcas; A. Gallas Torreira; D. Galli; M. Gandelman; P. Gandini; Y. Gao; J-C. Garnier; J. Garofoli; J. Garra Tico; L. Garrido; D. Gascon; C. Gaspar; N. Gauvin; M. Gersabeck; T. Gershon; Ph. Ghez; V. Gibson; V. V. Gligorov; C. Göbel; D. Golubkov; A. Golutvin; A. Gomes; H. Gordon; M. Grabalosa Gándara; R. Graciani Diaz; L. A. Granado Cardoso; E. Graugés; G. Graziani; A. Grecu; E. Greening; S. Gregson; B. Gui; E. Gushchin; Yu. Guz; T. Gys; G. Haefeli; C. Haen; S. C. Haines; T. Hampson; S. Hansmann-Menzemer; R. Harji; N. Harnew; J. Harrison; P. F. Harrison; J. He; V. Heijne; K. Hennessy; P. Henrard; J. A. Hernando Morata; E. van Herwijnen; E. Hicks; K. Holubyev; P. Hopchev; W. Hulsbergen; P. Hunt; T. Huse; R. S. Huston; D. Hutchcroft; D. Hynds; V. Iakovenko; P. Ilten; J. Imong; R. Jacobsson; A. Jaeger; M. Jahjah Hussein; E. Jans; F. Jansen; P. Jaton; B. Jean-Marie; F. Jing; M. John; D. Johnson; C. R. Jones; B. Jost; M. Kaballo; S. Kandybei; M. Karacson; T. M. Karbach; J. Keaveney; I. R. Kenyon; U. Kerzel; T. Ketel; A. Keune; B. Khanji; Y. M. Kim; M. Knecht; P. Koppenburg; A. Kozlinskiy; L. Kravchuk; K. Kreplin; M. Kreps; G. Krocker; P. Krokovny; F. Kruse; K. Kruzelecki; M. Kucharczyk; T. Kvaratskheliya; V. N. La Thi; D. Lacarrere; G. Lafferty; A. Lai; D. Lambert; R. W. Lambert; E. Lanciotti; G. Lanfranchi; C. Langenbruch; T. Latham; C. Lazzeroni; R. Le Gac; J. van Leerdam; J. -P. Lees; R. Lefévre; A. Leflat; J. Lefrançois; O. Leroy; T. Lesiak; L. Li; L. Li Gioi; M. Lieng; M. Liles; R. Lindner; C. Linn; B. Liu; G. Liu; J. H. Lopes; E. Lopez Asamar; N. Lopez-March; H. Lu; J. Luisier; A. Mac Raighne; F. Machefert; I. V. Machikhiliyan; F. Maciuc; O. Maev; J. Magnin; S. Malde; R. M. D. Mamunur; G. Manca; G. Mancinelli; N. Mangiafave; U. Marconi; R. Märki; J. Marks; G. Martellotti; A. Martens; L. Martin; A. Martín Sánchez; D. Martinez Santos; A. Massafferri; Z. Mathe; C. Matteuzzi; M. Matveev; E. Maurice; B. Maynard; A. Mazurov; G. McGregor; R. McNulty; C. Mclean; M. Meissner; M. Merk; J. Merkel; R. Messi; S. Miglioranzi; D. A. Milanes; M. -N. Minard; J. Molina Rodriguez; S. Monteil; D. Moran; P. Morawski; R. Mountain; I. Mous; F. Muheim; K. Müller; R. Muresan; B. Muryn; B. Muster; M. Musy; J. Mylroie-Smith; P. Naik; T. Nakada; R. Nandakumar; I. Nasteva; M. Nedos; M. Needham; N. Neufeld; C. Nguyen-Mau; M. Nicol; V. Niess; N. Nikitin; A. Nomerotski; A. Novoselov; A. Oblakowska-Mucha; V. Obraztsov; S. Oggero; S. Ogilvy; O. Okhrimenko; R. Oldeman; M. Orlandea

    2011-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    500

    Search for the rare decays Bs -->mumu and Bd -->mumu  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    A search for the decays Bs-->mumu and Bd-->mumu is performed with about 37 pb^{-1} of pp collisions at sqrt{s} = 7 TeV collected by the LHCb experiment at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. The observed numbers of events are consistent with the background expectations. The resulting upper limits on the branching ratios are BR(Bs-->mumu) mumu) <1.5 x 10^{-8} at 95% confidence level.

    LHCb Collaboration; R. Aaij; B. Adeva; M. Adinolfi; C. Adrover; A. Affolder; Z. Ajaltouni; J. Albrecht; F. Alessio; M. Alexander; P. Alvarez Cartelle; A. A. Alves Jr; S. Amato; Y. Amhis; J. Amoraal; J. Anderson; R. B. Appleby; O. Aquines Gutierrez; L. Arrabito; M. Artuso; E. Aslanides; G. Auriemma; S. Bachmann; D. S. Bailey; V. Balagura; W. Baldini; R. J. Barlow; C. Barschel; S. Barsuk; A. Bates; C. Bauer; Th. Bauer; A. Bay; I. Bediaga; K. Belous; I. Belyaev; E. Ben-Haim; M. Benayoun; G. Bencivenni; R. Bernet; M. -O. Bettler; M. van Beuzekom; A. Bien; S. Bifani; A. Bizzeti; P. M. Bjørnstad; T. Blake; F. Blanc; C. Blanks; J. Blouw; S. Blusk; A. Bobrov; V. Bocci; A. Bondar; N. Bondar; W. Bonivento; S. Borghi; A. Borgia; E. Bos; T. J. V. Bowcock; C. Bozzi; T. Brambach; J. van den Brand; J. Bressieux; S. Brisbane; M. Britsch; T. Britton; N. H. Brook; H. Brown; A. Büchler-Germann; A. Bursche; J. Buytaert; S. Cadeddu; J. M. Caicedo Carvajal; O. Callot; M. Calvi; M. Calvo Gomez; A. Camboni; P. Campana; A. Carbone; G. Carboni; R. Cardinale; A. Cardini; L. Carson; K. Carvalho Akiba; G. Casse; M. Cattaneo; M. Charles; Ph. Charpentier; N. Chiapolini; X. Cid Vidal; P. J. Clark; P. E. L. Clarke; M. Clemencic; H. V. Cliff; J. Closier; C. Coca; V. Coco; J. Cogan; P. Collins; F. Constantin; G. Conti; A. Contu; M. Coombes; G. Corti; G. A. Cowan; R. Currie; B. D'Almagne; C. D'Ambrosio; W. Da Silva; P. David; I. De Bonis; S. De Capua; M. De Cian; F. De Lorenzi; J. M. De Miranda; L. De Paula; P. De Simone; D. Decamp; H. Degaudenzi; M. Deissenroth; L. Del Buono; C. Deplano; O. Deschamps; F. Dettori; J. Dickens; H. Dijkstra; M. Dima; P. Diniz Batista; S. Donleavy; D. Dossett; A. Dovbnya; F. Dupertuis; R. Dzhelyadin; C. Eames; S. Easo; U. Egede; V. Egorychev; S. Eidelman; D. van Eijk; F. Eisele; S. Eisenhardt; L. Eklund; Ch. Elsasser; D. G. d'Enterria; D. Esperante Pereira; L. Estève; A. Falabella; E. Fanchini; C. Färber; G. Fardell; C. Farinelli; S. Farry; V. Fave; V. Fernandez Albor; M. Ferro-Luzzi; S. Filippov; C. Fitzpatrick; F. Fontanelli; R. Forty; M. Frank; C. Frei; M. Frosini; S. Furcas; A. Gallas Torreira; D. Galli; M. Gandelman; P. Gandini; Y. Gao; J-C. Garnier; J. Garofoli; L. Garrido; C. Gaspar; N. Gauvin; M. Gersabeck; T. Gershon; Ph. Ghez; V. Gibson; V. V. Gligorov; C. Göbel; D. Golubkov; A. Golutvin; A. Gomes; H. Gordon; M. Grabalosa Gándara; R. Graciani Diaz; L. A. Granado Cardoso; E. Graugés; G. Graziani; A. Grecu; S. Gregson; B. Gui; E. Gushchin; Yu. Guz; T. Gys; G. Haefeli; S. C. Haines; T. Hampson; S. Hansmann-Menzemer; R. Harji; N. Harnew; P. F. Harrison; J. He; K. Hennessy; P. Henrard; J. A. Hernando Morata; E. van Herwijnen; A. Hicheur; E. Hicks; W. Hofmann; K. Holubyev; P. Hopchev; W. Hulsbergen; P. Hunt; T. Huse; R. S. Huston; D. Hutchcroft; V. Iakovenko; P. Ilten; J. Imong; R. Jacobsson; M. Jahjah Hussein; E. Jans; F. Jansen; P. Jaton; B. Jean-Marie; F. Jing; M. John; D. Johnson; C. R. Jones; B. Jost; F. Kapusta; T. M. Karbach; J. Keaveney; U. Kerzel; T. Ketel; A. Keune; B. Khanji; Y. M. Kim; M. Knecht; S. Koblitz; A. Konoplyannikov; P. Koppenburg; A. Kozlinskiy; L. Kravchuk; G. Krocker; P. Krokovny; F. Kruse; K. Kruzelecki; M. Kucharczyk; S. Kukulak; R. Kumar; T. Kvaratskheliya; V. N. La Thi; D. Lacarrere; G. Lafferty; A. Lai; R. W. Lambert; G. Lanfranchi; C. Langenbruch; T. Latham; R. Le Gac; J. van Leerdam; J. -P. Lees; R. Lefèvre; A. Leflat; J. Lefrançois; O. Leroy; T. Lesiak; L. Li; Y. Y. Li; L. Li Gioi; M. Lieng; M. Liles; R. Lindner; C. Linn; B. Liu; G. Liu; J. H. Lopes; E. Lopez Asamar; N. Lopez-March; J. Luisier; B. M'charek; F. Machefert; I. V. Machikhiliyan; F. Maciuc; O. Maev; J. Magnin; A. Maier; S. Malde; R. M. D. Mamunur; G. Manca; G. Mancinelli; N. Mangiafave; U. Marconi; R. Märki; J. Marks; G. Martellotti; A. Martens; L. Martin; A. Martín Sánchez; D. Martinez Santos; A. Massafferri; Z. Mathe; C. Matteuzzi; M. Matveev; V. Matveev; E. Maurice; B. Maynard; A. Mazurov; G. McGregor; R. McNulty; C. Mclean; M. Meissner; M. Merk; J. Merkel; M. Merkin; R. Messi; S. Miglioranzi; D. A. Milanes; M. -N. Minard; S. Monteil; D. Moran; P. Morawski; J. V. Morris; R. Mountain; I. Mous; F. Muheim; K. Müller; R. Muresan; F. Murtas; B. Muryn; M. Musy; J. Mylroie-Smith; P. Naik; T. Nakada; R. Nandakumar; J. Nardulli; M. Nedos; M. Needham; N. Neufeld; M. Nicol; S. Nies; V. Niess; N. Nikitin; A. Oblakowska-Mucha; V. Obraztsov; S. Oggero; O. Okhrimenko; R. Oldeman; M. Orlandea; A. Ostankov; B. Pal; J. Palacios; M. Palutan; J. Panman; A. Papanestis; M. Pappagallo; C. Parkes; C. J. Parkinson; G. Passaleva; G. D. Patel; M. Patel; S. K. Paterson; G. N. Patrick; C. Patrignani; C. Pavel -Nicorescu; A. Pazos Alvarez; A. Pellegrino; G. Penso; M. Pepe Altarelli; S. Perazzini; D. L. Perego; E. Perez Trigo; A. Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo; P. Perret; A. Petrella

    2011-03-12T23:59:59.000Z