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1

Ultra Thin Quantum Well Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project has enabled Hi-Z technology Inc. (Hi-Z) to understand how to improve the thermoelectric properties of Si/SiGe Quantum Well Thermoelectric Materials. The research that was completed under this project has enabled Hi-Z Technology, Inc. (Hi-Z) to satisfy the project goal to understand how to improve thermoelectric conversion efficiency and reduce costs by fabricating ultra thin Si/SiGe quantum well (QW) materials and measuring their properties. In addition, Hi-Z gained critical new understanding on how thin film fabrication increases the silicon substrate's electrical conductivity, which is important new knowledge to develop critical material fabrication parameters. QW materials are constructed with alternate layers of an electrical conductor, SiGe and an electrical insulator, Si. Film thicknesses were varied, ranging from 2nm to 10nm where 10 nm was the original film thickness prior to this work. The optimum performance was determined at a Si and SiGe thickness of 4nm for an electrical current and heat flow parallel to the films, which was an important conclusion of this work. Essential new information was obtained on how the Si substrate electrical conductivity increases by up to an order of magnitude upon deposition of QW films. Test measurements and calculations are accurate and include both the quantum well and the substrate. The large increase in substrate electrical conductivity means that a larger portion of the electrical current passes through the substrate. The silicon substrate's increased electrical conductivity is due to inherent impurities and thermal donors which are activated during both molecular beam epitaxy and sputtering deposition of QW materials. Hi-Z's forward looking cost estimations based on future high performance QW modules, in which the best Seebeck coefficient and electrical resistivity are taken from separate samples predict that the electricity cost produced with a QW module could be achieved at price would open many markets for waste heat recovery applications. By installing Hi-Z's materials in applications in which electricity could be produced from waste heat sources could result in significant energy savings as well as emissions reductions. For example, if QW thermoelectric generators could be introduced commercially in 2015, and assuming they could also capture an additional 0.1%/year of the available waste heat from the aluminum, steel, and iron industries, then by 2020, their use would lead to a 2.53 trillion Btu/year reduction in energy consumption. This translates to a $12.9 million/year energy savings, and 383.6 million lb's of CO2 emissions reduction per year. Additionally, Hi-Z would expect that the use of QW TE devices in the automotive, manufacturing, and energy generation industries would reduce the USA's petroleum and fossil fuel dependence, and thus significantly reduce emissions from CO2 and other polluting gasses such as NOx, SOx, and particulate matter (PM), etc.

Dr Saeid Ghamaty

2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

2

Ultra Thin Quantum Well Materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project has enabled Hi-Z technology Inc. (Hi-Z) to understand how to improve the thermoelectric properties of Si/SiGe Quantum Well Thermoelectric Materials. The research that was completed under this project has enabled Hi-Z Technology, Inc. (Hi-Z) to satisfy the project goal to understand how to improve thermoelectric conversion efficiency and reduce costs by fabricating ultra thin Si/SiGe quantum well (QW) materials and measuring their properties. In addition, Hi-Z gained critical new understanding on how thin film fabrication increases the silicon substrate's electrical conductivity, which is important new knowledge to develop critical material fabrication parameters. QW materials are constructed with alternate layers of an electrical conductor, SiGe and an electrical insulator, Si. Film thicknesses were varied, ranging from 2nm to 10nm where 10 nm was the original film thickness prior to this work. The optimum performance was determined at a Si and SiGe thickness of 4nm for an electrical current and heat flow parallel to the films, which was an important conclusion of this work. Essential new information was obtained on how the Si substrate electrical conductivity increases by up to an order of magnitude upon deposition of QW films. Test measurements and calculations are accurate and include both the quantum well and the substrate. The large increase in substrate electrical conductivity means that a larger portion of the electrical current passes through the substrate. The silicon substrate's increased electrical conductivity is due to inherent impurities and thermal donors which are activated during both molecular beam epitaxy and sputtering deposition of QW materials. Hi-Z's forward looking cost estimations based on future high performance QW modules, in which the best Seebeck coefficient and electrical resistivity are taken from separate samples predict that the electricity cost produced with a QW module could be achieved at <$0.35/W. This price would open many markets for waste heat recovery applications. By installing Hi-Z's materials in applications in which electricity could be produced from waste heat sources could result in significant energy savings as well as emissions reductions. For example, if QW thermoelectric generators could be introduced commercially in 2015, and assuming they could also capture an additional 0.1%/year of the available waste heat from the aluminum, steel, and iron industries, then by 2020, their use would lead to a 2.53 trillion Btu/year reduction in energy consumption. This translates to a $12.9 million/year energy savings, and 383.6 million lb's of CO2 emissions reduction per year. Additionally, Hi-Z would expect that the use of QW TE devices in the automotive, manufacturing, and energy generation industries would reduce the USA's petroleum and fossil fuel dependence, and thus significantly reduce emissions from CO2 and other polluting gasses such as NOx, SOx, and particulate matter (PM), etc.

Dr Saeid Ghamaty

2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

3

Ultra-thin microporous/hybrid materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Ultra-thin hybrid and/or microporous materials and methods for their fabrication are provided. In one embodiment, the exemplary hybrid membranes can be formed including successive surface activation and reaction steps on a porous support that is patterned or non-patterned. The surface activation can be performed using remote plasma exposure to locally activate the exterior surfaces of porous support. Organic/inorganic hybrid precursors such as organometallic silane precursors can be condensed on the locally activated exterior surfaces, whereby ALD reactions can then take place between the condensed hybrid precursors and a reactant. Various embodiments can also include an intermittent replacement of ALD precursors during the membrane formation so as to enhance the hybrid molecular network of the membranes.

Jiang, Ying-Bing (Albuquerque, NM); Cecchi, Joseph L. (Albuquerque, NM); Brinker, C. Jeffrey (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

4

Method for laser welding ultra-thin metal foils  

SciTech Connect

A method for simultaneously cutting and welding ultra-thin foils having a thickness of less than 0.002 inches wherein two ultra-thin films are stacked and clamped together. A pulsed laser such as of the Neodymium: YAG type is provided and the beam of the laser is directed onto the stacked films to cut a channel through the films. The laser is moved relative to the stacked foils to cut the stacked foils at successive locations and to form a plurality of connected weld beads to form a continuous weld.

Pernicka, John C. (Fort Collins, CO); Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Square wells, quantum wells and ultra-thin metallic films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The eigenvalue equations for the energy of bound states of a particle in a square well are solved, and the exact solutions are obtained, as power series. Accurate analytical approximate solutions are also given. The application of these results in the physics of quantum wells are discussed,especially for ultra-thin metallic films, but also in the case of resonant cavities, heterojunction lasers, revivals and super-revivals.

Victor Barsan

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

6

Design Method for Light Absorption Enhancement in Ultra-Thin Film ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ultra-thin film organic solar cells (OSCs) to improve the light absorption. ... In the promising field of solar cells, organic solar cells (OSCs) are advantageous in its ...

7

Chemical surface deposition of ultra-thin semiconductors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chemical surface deposition process for forming an ultra-thin semiconducting film of Group IIB-VIA compounds onto a substrate. This process eliminates particulates formed by homogeneous reactions in bath, dramatically increases the utilization of Group IIB species, and results in the formation of a dense, adherent film for thin film solar cells. The process involves applying a pre-mixed liquid coating composition containing Group IIB and Group VIA ionic species onto a preheated substrate. Heat from the substrate causes a heterogeneous reaction between the Group IIB and VIA ionic species of the liquid coating composition, thus forming a solid reaction product film on the substrate surface.

McCandless, Brian E. (243 W. Main St., Elkton, MD 21921); Shafarman, William N. (1905 N. Van Buren St., Wilmington, DE 19802)

2003-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

8

Laptop | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Laptop Laptop Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

9

The ultra-thin solar cells that could generate power through windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ultra-thin solar cells that could generate power through windows By Claire Bates Last updated, generating enough electricity to power the GPS or air conditioning. Solar cells, which convert solar energy into tinted windows Page 1 of 3The ultra-thin solar cells that could generate power through windows | Mail

Rogers, John A.

10

Single-peak excitonic emission of CdSe ultra-thin quantum wells finished with fractional monolayers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ultra-thin quantum wells (UTQWs) of CdSe grown by atomic layer epitaxy (ALE) present very interesting features, such as intense excitonic luminescence and relatively narrow width. Grown under adequate conditions only a single excitonic peak is exhibited ... Keywords: Atomic layer epitaxy (ALE), CdSe, Excitons, II-VI semiconductors, Interface, Photoluminiscence, Ultra-thin quantum wells, ZnSe

Adrián Alfaro-Martínez; Isaac Hernández-Calderón

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Ultra-Thin, Energy Efficient Facades- A Contradiction in Terms?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within the European Union about 40 percent of the energy is consumed in buildings. In Germany roughly a quarter of the primary energy demand is used for the heating of buildings. A detailed analysis reveals that more than 90 percent of this energy can be related to old buildings, which were constructed before 1977. Reducing the heat losses through façades and using transparent or translucent façade elements to profit from solar heat gains are some of the first measures to improve energy efficiency of buildings. With the use of state-of-the-art insulation materials, thermal heat losses via the façade could be sufficiently reduced to provide an excellent insulation standard. However in some cases, lack of space or aesthetic needs, do not allow for sufficiently thick insulation layers. Within the last decade vacuum insulation panels (VIP) were developed, whose thermal conductivity values are 5 to 10 times lower (e.g. 0.002 to 0.008 W/(m×K) at ambient conditions) than those reported for standard insulation materials. Thus a 2 cm thick VIP could replace a 20 cm of standard insulation material, e.g. polystyrene foam, with no changes to the thermal performance. Nowadays VIPs are commercially available and used more and more for the insulation of buildings, especially if space for insulation is expensive or not sufficiently available or a slim architecture is preferred. Right now an innovative evacuated double glazing (VIG) is being developed which provides an U-value below 0.5 W/(m²×K) for a system thickness of only 9 mm. The low weight of such a glazing reduces the mechanical requirements in comparison to a standard triple glazing and thus allows for the use of thin, highly insulating frames. With these slim opaque and transparent insulation elements (VIP, VIG) ultra-thin and aesthetic façade construction can be realized. However, reducing the construction mass of building walls also leads to a loss of thermal capacity and therefore more regulation measures are needed to keep a comfortable living climate within such a building. It is expected that in future multifunctional façade elements will further improve the thermal performance of buildings. One example is the switchable insulation, where the thermal conductivity can be electrically switched from 0.002 W/(m×K) to 0.16 W/(m×K) within minutes. Future research work is dedicated to the application of textiles in architecture. Such textiles can be functionalized by using low-e coatings to reduce radiative heat transfer or by adding phase-change- materials (PCM) to enhance the thermal capacity of the textile based, low-weight constructions. The combination of such textiles with vacuum insulation panels to improve the insulation properties or with flexible photovoltaic cells to generate electricity is another key aspect of textile architecture. This research work was supported in the past by the Bavarian Ministry for Economics, Information, Traffic and Technology and is actually supported by the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology.

Ebert, H. P.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

PiCam: an ultra-thin high performance monolithic camera array  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present PiCam (Pelican Imaging Camera-Array), an ultra-thin high performance monolithic camera array, that captures light fields and synthesizes high resolution images along with a range image (scene depth) through integrated parallax detection ... Keywords: array camera, computational camera, depth map, light field, parallax detection, plenoptic acquisition, superresolution

Kartik Venkataraman, Dan Lelescu, Jacques Duparré, Andrew McMahon, Gabriel Molina, Priyam Chatterjee, Robert Mullis, Shree Nayar

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Laptops For Dummies, 4th edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Get a move on! Learn to roam free with this guide to choosing and using a laptop Laptops come with everything you need to get going everything, that is, except a guide to buying and using one. This book covers portable computers from laptop to lap-bottom, ...

Dan Gookin

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Layered ultra-thin coherent structures used as electrical resistors having low temperature coefficient of resistivity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin film resistor having a controlled temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) ranging from negative to positive degrees kelvin and having relatively high resistivity. The resistor is a multilayer superlattice crystal containing a plurality of alternating, ultra-thin layers of two different metals. TCR is varied by controlling the thickness of the individual layers. The resistor can be readily prepared by methods compatible with thin film circuitry manufacturing techniques.

Werner, Thomas R. (Argonne, IL); Falco, Charles M. (Tucson, AZ); Schuller, Ivan K. (Woodridge, IL)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Disordered surface structure of an ultra-thin tin oxide film on Rh(100)  

SciTech Connect

The composition and structure of an ultra-thin tin oxide film on Rh(100), prepared by the deposition of a submonolayer of tin followed by annealing in an O{sub 2} atmosphere, were examined by a combination of low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), Auger electron spectroscopy, X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS), scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), and ab initio calculations based on density functional theory (DFT). Although the LEED pattern exhibited c(2 x 8) spots clearly, a uniform periodicity of the c(2 x 8) unit cell was not observed in the STM images. The bright dots that were observed periodically in the STM image were similar to those of the ultra-thin Sn{sub 2}O{sub 3} film on Rh(111) and formed a zigzag arrangement with the numerous point and line defects. The XPS study revealed that the Sn 3d{sub 5/2} peak of the tin oxide film on Rh(100) showed a metallic state as well as an oxide state that was between the SnO{sub 2} and SnO states. The structural models, which were based on the Sn{sub 2}O{sub 3} structure on Rh(111), were determined using DFT total energy calculations. The simulated STM images of the two slightly different honeycomb-chain models well reproduced the zigzag arrangement in the STM image. The STM image and XPS spectrum were interpreted using a combination of the two models.

Zenkyu, R.; Tajima, D.; Yuhara, J. [Department of Materials, Physics and Energy Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8603 (Japan)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

16

HRTEM image simulations for the study of ultra-thin gate oxides  

SciTech Connect

We have performed high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) image simulations to qualitatively assess the visibility of various structural defects in ultra-thin gate oxides of MOSFET devices, and to quantitatively examine the accuracy of HRTEM in performing gate oxide metrology. Structural models contained crystalline defects embedded in an amorphous 16 {angstrom}-thick gate oxide. Simulated images were calculated for structures viewed in cross-section. Defect visibility was assessed as a function of specimen thickness and defect morphology, composition, size and orientation. Defect morphologies included asperities lying on the substrate surface, as well as ''bridging'' defects connecting the substrate to the gate electrode. Measurements of gate oxide thickness extracted from simulated images were compared to actual dimensions in the model structure to assess TEM accuracy for metrology. The effects of specimen tilt, specimen thickness, objective lens defocus and coefficient of spherical aberration (C{sub s}) on measurement accuracy were explored for nominal 10{angstrom} gate oxide thickness. Results from this work suggest that accurate metrology of ultra-thin gate oxides (i.e. limited to several per cent error) is feasible on a consistent basis only by using a C{sub s}-corrected microscope. However, fundamental limitations remain for characterizing defects in gate oxides using HRTEM, even with the new generation of C{sub s}-corrected microscopes.

Taylor, Seth T.; Mardinly, John; O'Keefe, Michael A.

2001-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

17

An ultra-thin buffer layer for Ge epitaxial layers on Si  

SciTech Connect

Using an Fe{sub 3}Si insertion layer, we study epitaxial growth of Ge layers on a Si substrate by a low-temperature molecular beam epitaxy technique. When we insert only a 10-nm-thick Fe{sub 3}Si layer in between Si and Ge, epitaxial Ge layers can be obtained on Si. The detailed structural characterizations reveal that a large lattice mismatch of {approx}4% is completely relaxed in the Fe{sub 3}Si layer. This means that the Fe{sub 3}Si layers can become ultra-thin buffer layers for Ge on Si. This method will give a way to realize a universal buffer layer for Ge, GaAs, and related devices on a Si platform.

Kawano, M.; Yamada, S.; Tanikawa, K.; Miyao, M.; Hamaya, K. [Department of Electronics, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Fukuoka 819-0395 (Japan)] [Department of Electronics, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Fukuoka 819-0395 (Japan); Sawano, K. [Advanced Research Laboratories, Tokyo City University, 8-15-1 Todoroki, Tokyo 158-0082 (Japan)] [Advanced Research Laboratories, Tokyo City University, 8-15-1 Todoroki, Tokyo 158-0082 (Japan)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

18

Ultra-thin overcoats for the head/disk interface tribology  

SciTech Connect

Areal density in magnetic storage is increasing at a blistering pace of 60% annually. Recently IBM announced its mobile product with the industry highest areal density of 2.64 Gb/In{sup 2}. The areal density demonstrations have shown up to 5 Gb/In{sup 2} possible. Reaching higher areal density targets dictate that magnetic spacing between heads and disks be reduced. For the example of a 10 Gb/In{sup 2} areal density goal, the magnetic spacing should be {approx}25 nm. In budgeting this magnetic spacing, it is required that disk and slider air bearing surface overcoats thickness be reduced to 5 nm range. Present choice of carbon overcoat in the magnetic storage hard disk drive industry is sputter deposited, hydrogenated carbon (CH{sub x}) with thickness in the range of 12-15 nm on heads and disks. Novel overcoats such as nitrogenated carbon (CN{sub x}) and cathodic arc carbon films are being developed for future applications. Cathodic arc deposition forms ultra-thin amorphous hard carbon films of high sp{sup 3} content, high hardness, and low coefficient of friction. These properties make it of great interest for head/disk interface application, in particular for contact recording. In many cases, the tribological properties of the head disk interface could be improved by factors up to ten applying cathodic arc overcoats to the slider or disk surface. This paper reviews the results of cathodic arc ultra-thin (2-10 nm) carbon overcoats for head/disk interface tribological applications.

Bhatia, C.S. [SSD/IBM, San Jose, CA (US); Anders, S.; Brown, I.G. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (US)] [and others

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Layered ultra-thin coherent structures used as electrical resistors having low-temperature coefficient of resistivity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin film resistor having a controlled temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) ranging from negative to positive degrees kelvin and having relatively high resistivity. The resistor is a multilayer superlattice crystal containing a plurality of alternating, ultra-thin layers of two different metals. TCR is varied by controlling the thickness of the individual layers. The resistor can be readily prepared by methods compatible with thin film circuitry manufacturing techniques.

Werner, T.R.; Falco, C.M.; Schuller, I.K.

1982-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

20

LAPTOP COMPUTER CHECKOUT POLICY There are two laptop computers that can be checked out by faculty who need them for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LAPTOP COMPUTER CHECKOUT POLICY There are two laptop computers that can be checked out by faculty policy which was adopted by College Council: (1) The pool laptop computers can be checked out for no more than 2 weeks at a time. (2) Reservation requests for portable computers should be submitted at least 1

Selmic, Sandra

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Bonfire: a nomadic system for hybrid laptop-tabletop interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present Bonfire, a self-contained mobile computing system that uses two laptop-mounted laser micro-projectors to project an interactive display space to either side of a laptop keyboard. Coupled with each micro-projector is a camera to enable hand ... Keywords: ambient interaction, computer vision, extended display, gestures, laptop, micro-projector, object recognition, peripheral display, surface, tabletop, tangible bits

Shaun K. Kane; Daniel Avrahami; Jacob O. Wobbrock; Beverly Harrison; Adam D. Rea; Matthai Philipose; Anthony LaMarca

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Experimental investigation of size effect on thermal conductivity for ultra-thin amorphous poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An investigation was conducted to determine whether a “size effect” phenomenon for one particular thermophysical property, thermal conductivity, actually exists for amorphous poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) films with thicknesses ranging from 40 nm to 2 ?m. This was done by using a non-contact, non-invasive, in-situ Transient Thermo-Reflectance (TTR) laser based technique. The results demonstrated that the intrinsic thermal conductivity of a 40 nm PMMA film deposited on native oxide of silicon increases by a factor of three over bulk PMMA values, and a distinct increase in the thermal conductivity of PMMA film was observed in ultra-thin (sub 100 nm) films. This confirmed the importance of film thickness for the through-plane thermal conductivity value of PMMA film on native oxide of silicon.

Kim, Ick Chan

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Wireless bridges : the laptop experience in the learning environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Laptop experience has changed the way people work and interact with learning space. The integration of technology in learning environments affects the usage of space and produces new learning patterns. However, new ...

Lee, Sophia J. (Sophia Juhee), 1977-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Teaching With Tablet Pc's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tablet PC's are traditional notebook computers with the ability to process digital ink by writing with a stylus. They have recently attracted attention as a potential tool for educational use. This paper describes the author's experience using the Tablet PC to conduct a CS1 course and a software engineering (SWE) course. The SWE course consisted primarily of PowerPoint lectures while the CS1 course consisted primarily of hand-written material. For both courses the Tablet PC was used in the classroom as a digital whiteboard by connecting it to a data projector. The lecture material was archived and accessed electronically for future reference by the students. To capture real-time gesturing and audio commentary, the CS1 course was recorded using screen capture technology. Outside of the classroom, the Tablet PC is also a useful tool for grading, creating lecture material, and capturing meeting notes. Student feedback regarding use of the Tablet PC has been extremely positive.

Kenrick Mock University; Kenrick Mock

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Microstructural investigation of tablet compaction and tablet pharmacological properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In current tablet manufacturing processes, there is a knowledge gap concerning material transformation and the subsequent impact on tablet properties; this gap presents a barrier to rational formulation / process design. ...

Mao, Kangyi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Preventing Laptop Fires and Thermal Runaway | U.S. DOE Office...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Stories of Discovery & Innovation: Preventing Laptop Fires and Thermal Runaway Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events...

27

Solid State eBurner for Supplying Power to Laptops, Cellphones ...  

Researchers at ORNL invented a device that converts energy from thermoelectric materials to power for cell phones, laptops, and other portable ...

28

A study of the use of the laptop XO in Brazilian pilot schools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents a study on the perception of 63 students and 15 teachers of two Brazilian public school, which took part in the pilot test of the OLPC educational laptop XO. For the students, the XO turned classes more attractive mainly because ... Keywords: Digital inclusion, Education, Laptop XO, User's perception

Lia Buarque De Macedo Guimarães, Jose Luis Duarte Ribeiro, Marcia Elisa Echeveste, Jocelise Jacques De Jacques

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Preventing Laptop Fires and "Thermal Runaway" | U.S. DOE Office of  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Preventing Laptop Fires and "Thermal Runaway" Preventing Laptop Fires and "Thermal Runaway" Discovery & Innovation Stories of Discovery & Innovation Brief Science Highlights SBIR/STTR Highlights Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 12.05.12 Preventing Laptop Fires and "Thermal Runaway" Researchers point to "self-healing" materials as a potential means of improving lithium ion battery safety. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page In recent years, several major computer manufacturers have made headlines by recalling lithium ion (Li-ion) laptop batteries because of an unfortunate tendency of some of these batteries to burst spontaneously into flames. While rare, spontaneous blazes caused by Li-ion batteries can

30

Could 135,000 Laptops Help Solve the Energy Challenge? | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Could 135,000 Laptops Help Solve the Energy Challenge? Could 135,000 Laptops Help Solve the Energy Challenge? Could 135,000 Laptops Help Solve the Energy Challenge? November 30, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - U.S Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced the largest ever awards of the Department's supercomputing time to 57 innovative research projects - using computer simulations to perform virtual experiments that in most cases would be impossible or impractical in the natural world. Utilizing two world-leading supercomputers with a computational capacity roughly equal to 135,000 quad-core laptops, the research could, for example, help speed the development of more efficient solar cells, improvements in biofuel production, or more effective medications to help slow the progression of Parkinson's disease.

31

Preventing Laptop Fires and Thermal Runaway | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Stories of Discovery & Innovation: Preventing Laptop Stories of Discovery & Innovation: Preventing Laptop Fires and Thermal Runaway Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News Observing the Sparks of Life EFRC Events DOE Announcements Publications Contact BES Home 12.05.12 Stories of Discovery & Innovation: Preventing Laptop Fires and Thermal Runaway Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Researchers point to "self-healing" materials as a potential means of improving lithium ion battery safety. This work, featured in the Office of Science's Stories of Discovery & Innovation, was supported in part by the Center for Electrical Energy Storage (CEES), an EFRC led by Michael Thackeray at Argonne National Laboratory. Last modified: 3/27/2013 12:28:00

32

T-675: Apple Laptop Battery Interface Lets Local Users Deny Service |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3:15pm 3:15pm Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in the battery interface used in Apple laptop models. A local user can cause denial of service conditions. PLATFORM: Mac OS X ABSTRACT: Apple Laptop Battery Interface Lets Local Users Deny Service reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1025831 Apple Article: HT1222 Forbes Article IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: The battery microcontroller interfaces uses common API keys. A local user with knowledge of the keys can control the microcontroller functions. This can be exploited to prevent the battery from being charged, interfere with battery heat regulation, or cause the battery to stop functioning. Impact: A local user can prevent the battery from charging, interfere with the battery heat regulation, or cause the battery to become unusable. Modern

33

T-675: Apple Laptop Battery Interface Lets Local Users Deny Service |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7:03am 7:03am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in the battery interface used in Apple laptop models. A local user can cause denial of service conditions. PLATFORM: Mac OS X ABSTRACT: Apple Laptop Battery Interface Lets Local Users Deny Service reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1025831 Apple Article: HT1222 Forbes Article IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: The battery microcontroller interfaces uses common API keys. A local user with knowledge of the keys can control the microcontroller functions. This can be exploited to prevent the battery from being charged, interfere with battery heat regulation, or cause the battery to stop functioning. Impact: A local user can prevent the battery from charging, interfere with the battery heat regulation, or cause the battery to become unusable. Modern

34

Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems: Tablet Chlorination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wastewater that is sprayed onto lawns must first be disinfected to prevent odors and remove disease-causing organisms. This publication explains how tablet chlorinators disinfect wastewater and gives tips on how to maintain them.

Lesikar, Bruce J.

2008-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

35

Pharmaceutical tablet compaction : product and process design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores how tablet performance is affected by microstructure, and how microstructure can be controlled by selection of excipients and compaction parameters. A systematic strategy for formulation and process ...

Pore, Mridula

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

PFLOTRAN: Reactive Flow & Transport Code for Use on Laptops to Leadership-Class Supercomputers  

SciTech Connect

PFLOTRAN, a next-generation reactive flow and transport code for modeling subsurface processes, has been designed from the ground up to run efficiently on machines ranging from leadership-class supercomputers to laptops. Based on an object-oriented design, the code is easily extensible to incorporate additional processes. It can interface seamlessly with Fortran 9X, C and C++ codes. Domain decomposition parallelism is employed, with the PETSc parallel framework used to manage parallel solvers, data structures and communication. Features of the code include a modular input file, implementation of high-performance I/O using parallel HDF5, ability to perform multiple realization simulations with multiple processors per realization in a seamless manner, and multiple modes for multiphase flow and multicomponent geochemical transport. Chemical reactions currently implemented in the code include homogeneous aqueous complexing reactions and heterogeneous mineral precipitation/dissolution, ion exchange, surface complexation and a multirate kinetic sorption model. PFLOTRAN has demonstrated petascale performance using 2{sup 17} processor cores with over 2 billion degrees of freedom. Accomplishments achieved to date include applications to the Hanford 300 Area and modeling CO{sub 2} sequestration in deep geologic formations.

Hammond, Glenn E.; Lichtner, Peter C.; Lu, Chuan; Mills, Richard T.

2012-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

37

Proposals with computer/laptop and software purchases Agencies expect that F&A dollars will be used to purchase computers and/or software  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proposals with computer/laptop and software purchases Agencies expect that F&A dollars will be used to purchase computers and/or software and not the grant you are applying for. If funding for a computer that your project requires a computer and/or software to complete the project goals. Try to be as specific

38

The Consumer Electronics Show round-up | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Consumer Electronics Show round-up The Consumer Electronics Show round-up Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2002) Super contributor 23 January, 2013 - 13:57 CES electronics home automation Las Vegas OpenEI Smart Grid Every January, Las Vegas hosts the Consumer Electronics Show. The CES is the world's largest technology-related trade show. The highlights of this year's show were OLED TVs, ultra-thin laptops, tablets, and smartphones. However, a few smart grid-related technologies were making an impression. There was a wide-range of tech related to home automation. Some of these devices included HVAC, lighting, audio-visual, shading, security, automated door locks, and security, all controllable my multiple in-home devices. These technologies, along with the "smart grid", are all the make-up of a

39

V-069: BlackBerry Tablet OS Adobe Flash Player and Samba Multiple  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: BlackBerry Tablet OS Adobe Flash Player and Samba Multiple 9: BlackBerry Tablet OS Adobe Flash Player and Samba Multiple Vulnerabilities V-069: BlackBerry Tablet OS Adobe Flash Player and Samba Multiple Vulnerabilities January 15, 2013 - 4:00am Addthis PROBLEM: BlackBerry Tablet OS Adobe Flash Player and Samba Multiple Vulnerabilities PLATFORM: BlackBerry Tablet Software versions 2.1.0.1032 and prior. ABSTRACT: Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in BlackBerry Tablet OS REFERENCE LINKS: BlackBerry Knowledge Base Article ID: KB32019 BlackBerry Knowledge Base Article ID: KB32189 Secunia Advisory SA51830 CVE-2012-1182 CVE-2012-1535 CVE-2012-2034 CVE-2012-2037 CVE-2012-4163 CVE-2012-4165 CVE-2012-4166 CVE-2012-4167 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High DISCUSSION: Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in BlackBerry Tablet OS, which

40

U-228: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities 8: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities U-228: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities August 6, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities PLATFORM: Adobe Flash Player versions included with BlackBerry PlayBook tablet software versions 2.0.1.358 and earlier. ABSTRACT: Vulnerabilities in Adobe Flash Player version included with the BlackBerry PlayBook tablet software reference LINKS: BlackBerry Article ID: KB31675 Secunia Advisory SA50164 CVE-2012-0752 CVE-2012-0753 CVE-2012-0754 CVE-2012-0755 CVE-2012-0756 CVE-2012-0767 CVE-2012-0768 CVE-2012-0769 CVE-2012-0773 CVE-2012-0779 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in BlackBerry Tablet OS, which

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Recent Product Developments with Ultra-Thin Cast Strip Products ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... low-carbon steel type, offering yield strengths covering the range 275 to 380 MPa and strip .... Process Window Study for Heat Resistant Nanocoated Steel.

42

The phase diagram of hydrogen in ultra thin films  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper, we discuss changes in the phase diagram of hydrogen in both bilayer (i.e. 200-2000 {Angstrom} Nb/100 {Angstrom} Pd on glass) and multilayer configurations. Comparison of x-ray diffraction, electrical resistivity and volumetric measurements of the films before and after hydrogen charging indicate that the phase equilibria between a correlated (high concentration) and a dilute phase of hydrogen in Nb is not sensitive to the number of layers in the films. On the other hand, the experimental methods show different behavior for 200 {Angstrom} thick Nb films and thicker (>400 {Angstrom}) Nb layers. The diffraction results also show that, while charging with hydrogen, the Nb layers mainly expand along the surface normal of the films, while the Pd layers expand in all directions equally, and transform to the bulk {alpha} phase.

Jisrawi, N.M.; Ruckman, M.W.; Reisfeld, G.; Wiesmann, H.; Loeb, F; Gallego, E.; Gorelik, Y.; Thurston, T.R.; Strongin, M.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

43

Ultra-Thin Highly Deformable Composite Mirrors John Steeves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

primary mirrors consisting of a silicon carbide structure supporting a precision optical face-sheet, whose-thin carbon-fiber shell bonded to a piezo-ceramic active layer coated with patterned electrodes. Mirrors based

Pellegrino, Sergio

44

Radiation tolerance of ultra-thin Formvar films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mechanical behavior of free-standing polymer films with submicron thicknesses exposed to a radiation environment is poorly understood. Here, we study 110-nm-thin free-standing polyvinyl formal (Formvar) films irradiated at room temperature with 1-5 keV electrons or 3 MeV alpha particles. We measure mechanical properties and the elemental composition by spherical indentation and high-energy ion scattering, respectively. Results show that, with increasing radiation dose, the effective failure strain and film thickness decrease monotonically, while the dose dependence of the Young's modulus is non-monotonic. The failure strain and modulus scale with the average energy deposited in the film, while the film thickness exhibits a more complex behavior.

Stadermann, M.; Kucheyev, S. O.; Lewicki, J.; Letts, S. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)

2012-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

45

Design of hot extrusion molding device for the continuous production of pharmaceutical tablets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Currently, pharmaceutical tablets are manufactured in large batch operations that have inefficiencies associated with the stopping, re-configuration and testing between batches. Continuous manufacturing has the potential ...

Zampierollo, Giorgio (Giorgio Romano)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Evaluation of the effects of non-medicinal ingredients on the in vitro characteristics and in vivo bioavailability of a sublingual tablet formulation of epinephrine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Objectives: To review, develop, and validate appropriate methods for quality control testing of sublingual (SL) tablets; to formulate and characterize new generations of SL tablets… (more)

Rachid, Ousama

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

EVA (extended video application): developing tablet PC software for multi-disciplinary mobile e-learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of video within clinical courses at Radford University (RU) is currently limited by labor-intensive, tape-based equipment for organizing and accessing specific scenes and events. Our faculty has successfully applied Tablet PCs and Microsoft OneNote® ... Keywords: assessment, mobile e-learning, software development, tablet

E. Joseph Derrick; Maung Htay; Carmel Vaccare

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

V-158: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities 8: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities V-158: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities May 17, 2013 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in BlackBerry Tablet OS PLATFORM: BlackBerry Tablet OS 2.x ABSTRACT: Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in BlackBerry Tablet OS, which can be exploited by malicious people to bypass certain security restrictions and compromise a user's system. REFERENCE LINKS: Secunia Advisory SA53453 Blackberry Security Advisory KB34161 CVE-2012-5248 CVE-2012-5249 CVE-2012-5250 CVE-2012-5251 CVE-2012-5252 CVE-2012-5253 CVE-2012-5254 CVE-2012-5255 CVE-2012-5256 CVE-2012-5257 CVE-2012-5258 CVE-2012-5259 CVE-2012-5260 CVE-2012-5261 CVE-2012-5262 CVE-2012-5263 CVE-2012-5264 CVE-2012-5265

49

The Case of Laptop Computers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ISASMELT™ for Recycling of Valuable Elements Contributing to a More Sustainable Society · Leaching of Uranium and Vanadium from Korean Domestic Ore.

50

Chapter_2_Limited_Areas_Vault-Type_Rooms_and_Temporary_Limited...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Devices, including cell phones, smart phones and personal digital assistants, laptop computers, music players, e-book readers, tablets, bluetooth earpiecesheadsets, etc....

51

Formulating Detergents and Personal Care ProductsChapter 3 Detergent Powders, Bars, Pastes, and Tablets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Formulating Detergents and Personal Care Products Chapter 3 Detergent Powders, Bars, Pastes, and Tablets Surfactants and Detergents eChapters Surfactants - Detergents AOCS Press 31AE8E3D42D3E14DDBA41DE5FCD66625 AOCS Press

52

Enhancing naturalness of pen-and-tablet drawing through context sensing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Among artists and designers, the pen-and-tablet combination is widely used for creating digital drawings, as digital pens outperform other input devices in replicating the experience of physical drawing tools. In this paper, we explore how contextual ... Keywords: context sensing, drawing, pen interface

Minghui Sun; Xiang Cao; Hyunyoung Song; Shahram Izadi; Hrvoje Benko; Francois Guimbretiere; Xiangshi Ren; Ken Hinckley

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Ultra-thin Proton Conducting Membranes for H2 Stream Purification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

square foot of membrane: Estimated $1000 a · Module cost: Estimated $2000 a · Flux rate: Current bulk · Reduce cost ­ Support conformally coated with getter #12;Key Performance Metrics Estimates: · Cost per-derived feedstocks · Other energy usage: use co-generated heat and supplement · Total yearly operating costs: Unknown

54

Characterization of Ultra-thin Quarter-wavelength Matching Layers of High Frequency Ultrasonic Transducers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ceramic and the propagating medium. Epoxy resin, parylene and composite materials have been widely used as matching layers in the medical transducer industry for many years [l]. These materials have strong

Cao, Wenwu

55

Mesoporous silica as a membrane for ultra-thin implantable direct glucose Tushar Sharma,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

failure warning systems, glucose and electrolyte sensors with systems such as an automated implantable car-linked hydro- gels, sulfonated polypropylene and cuprophan,20­22 have been used to facilitate glucose diffusion and separate the electrodes. Rao et al.20,23 and Atanasov and Wilkins24 have used hydro- phobic membranes

56

Numerical study of the thermoelectric power factor in ultra-thin Si nanowires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Low dimensional structures have demonstrated improved thermoelectric (TE) performance because of a drastic reduction in their thermal conductivity, ¿ l . This has been observed for a variety of materials, even for traditionally ... Keywords: Atomistic, Boltzmann transport, Nanowire, Seebeck coefficient, Silicon, Thermoelectric power factor, Thermoelectrics, Tight-binding, ZT, sp3d5s*

Neophytos Neophytou; Hans Kosina

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

An ultra-thin waveguide twist constructed using fish-scale metallic wires  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study theoretically and experimentally investigates the transmission properties of a metamaterial slab comprised of two layers of metallic fish-scale structure arrays and a sandwiched dielectric layer. Calculations show that the asymmetric transmission can be tuned by varying the slab thickness, due to evanescent interlayer coupling. The spatial evolution of the local field inside the structure indicates that the slab functions as a perfect polarization transformer at certain frequencies in the manner of a waveguide twist. Measured transmission spectra are in good agreement with calculated results when material dissipation is considered.

Han, Jin; Fan, Yuancheng; Wei, Zeyong; Wu, Chao; Cao, Yang; Yu, Xing; Li, Fang; Wang, Zhanshan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Fabrication of large-area ultra-thin single crystal silicon membranes  

SciTech Connect

Perfectly, crystalline, 55 nm thick silicon membranes have been fabricated over several square millimeters and used to observe transmission ion channeling patterns showing the early evolution of the axially channeled beam angular distribution for small tilts away from the [011] axis. The reduced multiple scattering through such thin layers allows fine angular structure produced by the highly non-equilibrium transverse momentum distribution of the channeled beam during its initial propagation in the crystal to be resolved. The membrane crystallinity and flatness were measured by using proton channeling measurements and the surface roughness of 0.4 nm using atomic force microscopy.

Dang, Z. Y.; Motapothula, M.; Ow, Y. S. [Center for Ion Beam Applications, Physics Department, National University of Singapore, Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 117542 (Singapore); Venkatesan, T. [NanoCore, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576 (Singapore); Breese, M. B. H. [Center for Ion Beam Applications, Physics Department, National University of Singapore, Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 117542 (Singapore); Singapore Synchrotron Light Source (SSLS), National University of Singapore, 5 Research Link, Singapore 117603 (Singapore); Rana, M. A. [Physics Division, Directorate of Science, PINSTECH, P.O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan); Osman, A. [National Centre for Physics (NCP), Shahdara Valley Road, Islamabad (Pakistan)

2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

59

Ultra-thin vertical magneto-optical media and system for using same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high density information storage medium utilizing the properties of an ultrathin film. The present invention includes an information storage medium comprised of an ultrathin film capable of possessing vertical magnetic orientation. The present invention also includes methods for the storage to, retrieval of and erasure of data on the ultrathin film medium. Storage of data on the ultrathin film medium utilizes the temperature dependent magnetic coercivity of the ultrathin film medium. The retrieval of information from the ultrathin film medium is based on the Kerr effect property of the ultrathin film and employs detection of the rotation of a beam of polarized light. The invention also includes the beneficial utilization of the reflection of the laser from the underlying metallic substrate back through the magnetic film to enhance the rotation and reflectivity characteristics of the signal. 6 figs.

Bader, S.D.; Liu, Chian.

1989-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

60

Ultra-thin ohmic contacts for p-type nitride light emitting devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A semiconductor based Light Emitting Device (LED) can include a p-type nitride layer and a metal ohmic contact, on the p-type nitride layer. The metal ohmic contact can have an average thickness of less than about 25 .ANG. and a specific contact resistivity less than about 10.sup.-3 ohm-cm.sup.2.

Raffetto, Mark (Raleigh, NC); Bharathan, Jayesh (Cary, NC); Haberern, Kevin (Cary, NC); Bergmann, Michael (Chapel Hill, NC); Emerson, David (Chapel Hill, NC); Ibbetson, James (Santa Barbara, CA); Li, Ting (Ventura, CA)

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Anisotropic dewetting in ultra-thin single-crystal silicon-on-insulator films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The single crystal silicon-on-insulator thin film materials system represents both an ideal model system for the study of anisotropic thin film dewetting as well as a technologically important system for the development ...

Danielson, David T. (David Thomas)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Simulation study of an ultra thin body silicon on insulator tunnel field effect transistor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a modified UTB SOI TFET structure and a thorough simulation study of various device design parameters on this structure. Keywords: UTB-SOI-TFET, band-to-band tunneling, sub-threshold swing

Partha Sarathi Gupta; Sayan Kanungo; Hafizur Rahaman; Partha Sarathi Dasgupta

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

The effects of strain on carrier transport in thin and ultra-thin SOI MOSFETs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thin-body MOSFET geometries such as fully-depleted SOI and double-gate devices are attractive because they can offer superior scaling properties compared to bulk and thick-body SOI devices. The electrostatics of a MOSFET ...

Lauer, Isaac, 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Formulation and Evaluation of Fast Dissolving Tablet of a Model Anti-Diabetic Drug By Inclusion Complexation Using Beta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present investigation an attempt was made to formulate fast dissolving tablets using BCS class II drug Repaglinide, ie low solubility and high permeability to form an inclusion complex to improve the dissolution rate, thus enhancing the bioavailability. Beta-CD inclusion complex was made in varying ratios 1:1, 1:3 and 1:5 of drug and polymer by solvent evaporation method. The complexes were evaluated for phase solubility, drug content and drug release. Phase solubility study revealed AL type indicating linear increase in solubility with increase in the carrier concentrations. The inclusion complex 1:1 ratio prepared by spray dried was studied for drug content uniformity which was ranging from 85-98%, FTIR showed no any compatibility of the drug and beta-CD; DSC and XRD showed distinct loss of drug crystallinity accounting for enhancement in the dissolution rate. SEM revealed spherical shape of the inclusion complex. The drug release study was carried out in 0.1N HCL using USP type paddle dissolution apparatus revealed to be 93 % within 5 mins. The FDT was formulated by direct compression method six batches of tablets were prepared with varying ratios of superdisintegrants (F1-F6). The tablets were evaluated for hardness, friability, weight variation, disintegration which was found within

Mahalingan K; Ganesh R. S; Ronak Patel; Umashankar M. S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

LARGE SUPERCONDUCTING DETECTOR MAGNETS WITH ULTRA THIN COILS FOR USE IN HIGH ENERGY ACCELERATORS AND STORAGE RINGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contained 890 kJ of magnetic energy,:and i t iia:~ ,operat:as a functiori of stored· magnetic energy' for a number ofabsorbs a portion of the magnetic energy in the process. The

Green, M.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Determining the elastic modulus and hardness of an ultra-thin film on a substrate using nanoindentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN TO RETURN TO BAlANCED BUDgETS By 2013-2014. TO DATE, MORE ThAN 90% Of ThE $12.2-BIllION EffORT STIp

67

Non-H[sub 2]Se, ultra-thin CIS devices. [CuInSe[sub 2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes work done during Phase I of a 3-phase, cost- shared contract. Objective of the subcontract is to demonstrate 12% total-area efficiency copper indium diselenide (CIS) solar cells and 50-W CIS modules average at least 8 W/ft[sup 2] in the third year. At the end of Phase I, EPV delivered to NREL a 1.1 cm[sup 2] CIS cell with an active area efficiency of 10.5%. the corresponding total-area efficiency is 7.9%.

Delahoy, A.E.; Britt, J.; Kiss, Z. (Energy Photovoltaics, Inc., Princeton, NJ (United States))

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Polar distortion in ultra-thin BaTiO3 films by in situ LEED-IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phase stability in nanoscale ferroelectrics is governed by the interplay of electrostatic depolarization energy, domain formation, adsorption, and surface band bending. Using in situ low-energy electron-diffraction intensity versus voltage (LEED I-V), we have characterized 4 and 10 ML BaTiO{sub 3} films, grown using pulsed laser deposition with fully compressive strain on a SrRuO{sub 3}/SrTiO{sub 3} substrate. LEED I-V reveals a single surface dead layer and a monodomain vertically polarized state below. The single orientation is attributed to the intrinsic imprint asymmetry and the stability of a polarized phase to compensation of depolarizing charges by dipoles induced by surface stress.

Shin, Junsoo [ORNL; Nascimento, Von B [ORNL; Borisevich, Albina Y [ORNL; Plummer, E Ward [ORNL; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL; Baddorf, Arthur P [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Atomistic modeling of ultra-thin surface oxide growth on a ternary alloy : oxidation of Al-Ni-Fe.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By employing variable-charge molecular dynamics, surface oxide film growth on aluminum-nickel-iron alloys has been studied at 300 and 600 K. The dynamics of oxidation and oxide growth is strongly dependent on the composition of the initial alloy and the ambient temperature. Higher content of Ni and Fe in Al alloys is found to reduce the oxide growth kinetics; 15% Ni + 15% Fe Al alloy yielded 30-40% less growth at 400 ps oxygen exposure compared to pure Al. We observe dopant segregation, which disrupts the interaction between O atoms and Al atoms in the alloy, leading to a nonlinear oxide growth profile in the case of ternary Al-Ni-Fe alloy. Compared to oxidation at 300 K, 30% more oxide layer was yielded at 600 K, due to the elevated temperature. The simulated oxide kinetics indicates that the growth rate of anion surpasses the cation rate with higher sensitivity to the stoichiometry of the base metal substrate. Charge state analysis provides insights into the evolution of cation and anion species as the oxide layer grows. In particular, due to higher correlation, Fe shows a high rate of oxidation when the content is high, whereas the rate of Ni oxidation is consistently low. Density profile analysis suggests the segregation of dopant atoms below the growing ultrathin oxide layer, showing the presence of a layer-by-layer mode of oxide layer even with disordered structure. Coordination number (Z, the number of oxygen atoms around an aluminum atom) of aluminum oxide has been used to identify how the initial oxidation transitions into equilibrated states. Z = 3 is dominant in the early stages of oxidation and at the interface between oxide and bulk substrate, but it transitions quickly to Z = 4 (45%) and 5 (35%) as the oxide equilibrates and approaches its self-limiting thickness. Even though growth kinetics is dependent on the base metal stoichiometry, the composition of the oxide microstructure is not significantly affected, primarily segregating dopant elements, i.e., Ni and Fe outside of the oxide layer.

Byoungseon, J.; Sankaranarayanan, S. K. R. S.; Ramanathan, S. (Center for Nanoscale Materials); (Harvard Univ.)

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

70

R&D on an Ultra-Thin Composite Membrane for High-Temperature Operation in PEMFC. Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

FuelCell Energy developed a novel high-temperature proton exchange membrane for PEM fuel cells for building applications. The laboratory PEM fuel cell successfully operated at 100-400{supdegree}C and low relative humidity to improve CO tolerance, mitigate water and thermal management challenges, and reduce membrane cost. The developed high-temperature membrane has successfully completed 500h 120C endurance testing.

Yuh, C.-Y.

2003-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

71

Estimation of gate-to-channel tunneling current in ultra-thin oxide sub-50nm double gate devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Double gate (DG) FETs have emerged as the most promising technology for sub-50nm transistor design. However, analysis and control of the gate tunneling leakage in DGFET is necessary to fully exploit their advantages. In this paper we have modeled (numerically ... Keywords: Direct tunneling, Double gate, Leakage, Quantum confinement

Saibal Mukhopadhyay; Keunwoo Kim; Jae-Joon Kim; Shih-Hsien Lo; Rajiv V. Joshi; Ching-Te Chuang; Kaushik Roy

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem, ultra-thin, strain-counterbalanced, photovoltaic energy converters with optimal subcell bandgaps  

SciTech Connect

Modeling a monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem, solar photovoltaic converter or thermophotovoltaic converter by constraining the bandgap value for the bottom subcell to no less than a particular value produces an optimum combination of subcell bandgaps that provide theoretical energy conversion efficiencies nearly as good as unconstrained maximum theoretical conversion efficiency models, but which are more conducive to actual fabrication to achieve such conversion efficiencies than unconstrained model optimum bandgap combinations. Achieving such constrained or unconstrained optimum bandgap combinations includes growth of a graded layer transition from larger lattice constant on the parent substrate to a smaller lattice constant to accommodate higher bandgap upper subcells and at least one graded layer that transitions back to a larger lattice constant to accommodate lower bandgap lower subcells and to counter-strain the epistructure to mitigate epistructure bowing.

Wanlass, Mark W. (Golden, CO); Mascarenhas, Angelo (Lakewood, CO)

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

73

LARGE SUPERCONDUCTING DETECTOR MAGNETS WITH ULTRA THIN COILS FOR USE IN HIGH ENERGY ACCELERATORS AND STORAGE RINGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The development of these ,magnets bas proceeded with theThe Lawrence Beme1ey Laboratory bas developed a 1:adtca11. "The PLUTO magnet bas the largest central inductiOn 'and

Green, M.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Effects of interlayers on the scratch adhesion performance of ultra-thin films of copper and gold on silicon substrates  

SciTech Connect

Scratch testing has long been used to assess the adhesion of a film to its substrate. As film thicknesses have decreased, the need for greater precision and sensitivity in the scratch testing apparatus has increased. To this end, a nanoindenter was modified to make finely controlled, low-load scratches. Scratches at various loads and two orientations of a Berkovich scratching diamond were made in films of 100 nm of gold and 200 nm of copper, each on single crystal silicon. For each film type, samples with no interlayer, with an SiO{sub 2} interlayer, and with a TiW on SiO{sub 2} interlayer were tested. The scratch morphology was found to vary in a regular way with load, diamond orientation and interlayer material.

McAdams, S.D.; Tsui, T.Y.; Pharr, G.M. [Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States); Oliver, W.C. [Nano Instruments, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Non-H{sub 2}Se, ultra-thin CuInSe{sub 2} devices. Annual subcontract report, November 10, 1992--November 9, 1993  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes advances made during Phase II (November 10, 1992-November 9, 1993) of a three-phase, cost-shared subcontract whose ultimate goal is the demonstration of thin film CuInSe{sub 2} photovoltaic modules prepared by methods adaptable to safe, high yield, high volume manufacturing. At the end of Phase I, EPV became one of the first groups to clear the 10% efficiency barrier for CIS cells prepared by non-H{sub 2}Se selenization. During Phase II a total area efficiency of 12.5% was achieved for a 1 cm{sup 2} cell. The key achievement of Phase II was the production of square foot CIS modules without the use of H{sub 2}Se. This is seen as a crucial step towards the commercialization of CIS. Using a novel interconnect technology, EPV delivered an 8.0% aperture area efficiency mini-module and a 6.2% aperture area efficiency 720 cm{sub 2} module to NREL. On the processing side, advances were made in precursor formation and the selenization profile, both of which contributed to higher quality CIS. The higher band gap quaternary chalcopyrite material CuIn(S{sub x}, Se{sub 1{minus}X}){sub 2} was prepared and 8% cells were fabricated using this material. Device analysis revealed a correlation between long wavelength quantum efficiency and the CIS Cu/In ratio. Temperature dependent studies highlighted the need for high V{sub OC} devices to minimize the impact of the voltage drop at operating temperature. Numerical modeling of module performance was performed in order to identify the correct ZnO sheet resistance for modules. Efforts in Phase III will focus on increase of module efficiency to 9-10%, initiation of an outdoor testing program, preparation of completely uniform CIS plates using second generation selenization equipment, and exploration of alternative precursors for CIS formation.

Delahoy, A.E.; Britt, J.; Faras, F.; Kiss, Z. [Energy Photovoltaics, Inc., Princeton, NY (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

ieee transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control, vol. 51, no. 2, february 2004 211 Characterizing Ultra-Thin Matching Layers of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the piezoelectric ceramic and the propagating medium. Epoxy resin, parylene, and composite materials have been widely used as matching layers in the medi- cal transducer industry for many years [1]. Recently, high

Cao, Wenwu

77

Non-H{sub 2}Se, ultra-thin CIS devices. Annual subcontract report, 10 March 1992--9 November 1992  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes work done during Phase I of a 3-phase, cost- shared contract. Objective of the subcontract is to demonstrate 12% total-area efficiency copper indium diselenide (CIS) solar cells and 50-W CIS modules average at least 8 W/ft{sup 2} in the third year. At the end of Phase I, EPV delivered to NREL a 1.1 cm{sup 2} CIS cell with an active area efficiency of 10.5%. the corresponding total-area efficiency is 7.9%.

Delahoy, A.E.; Britt, J.; Kiss, Z. [Energy Photovoltaics, Inc., Princeton, NJ (United States)

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Large-Scale PV Module Manufacturing Using Ultra-Thin Polycrystalline Silicon Solar Cells: Final Subcontract Report, 1 April 2002--28 February 2006  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The major objectives of this program were to continue advances of BP Solar polycrystalline silicon manufacturing technology. The Program included work in the following areas. (1) Efforts in the casting area to increase ingot size, improve ingot material quality, and improve handling of silicon feedstock as it is loaded into the casting stations. (2) Developing wire saws to slice 100-..mu..m-thick silicon wafers on 290-..mu..m-centers. (3) Developing equipment for demounting and subsequent handling of very thin silicon wafers. (4) Developing cell processes using 100-..mu..m-thick silicon wafers that produce encapsulated cells with efficiencies of at least 15.4% at an overall yield exceeding 95%. (5) Expanding existing in-line manufacturing data reporting systems to provide active process control. (6) Establishing a 50-MW (annual nominal capacity) green-field Mega-plant factory model template based on this new thin polycrystalline silicon technology. (7) Facilitating an increase in the silicon feedstock industry's production capacity for lower-cost solar-grade silicon feedstock..

Wohlgemuth, J.; Narayanan, M.

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Simulation of mobile networks using discrete event system specification theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fourth generation (4G) of mobile telecommunication technology provides ultra-band internet access for mobile devices such as smartphones, tablets, and laptops. One of the challenges in the Long Term Evolution (LTE) 4G networks is the low data rate ... Keywords: DEVS, discrete event system specification, mobile networks

Mohammad Moallemi, Gabriel Wainer, Shafagh Jafer, Gary Boudreau, Ronald Casselman

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

"Everything goes into or out of the iPad": the iPad, information scraps and personal information management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Personal information management (PIM) is of considerable interest to the information science community. Traditionally the domain of paper, desktop computers and laptops, we have seen the widespread introduction of tablet computers in PIM. In this paper ... Keywords: information behaviour, information management, personal information management

Paris Buttfield-Addison; Christopher Lueg; Leonie Ellis; Jon Manning

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Edge Computing Edge Computing is pushing the frontier of computing applications, data, and services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Edge Computing Edge Computing is pushing the frontier of computing applications, data, and services not be continuously connected to a network such as laptops, smartphones, tablets and sensors. Edge Computing covers Cloud/Fog Computing and Grid/Mesh Computing, distributed data storage and retrieval, autonomic self

82

iT4U@princeton Princeton student computers and iPads, too  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

iT4U@princeton Princeton student computers and iPads, too Buying a new computer? Check out the computers offered through the Princeton Student Computer Initiative (SCI) program. There's a Dell convertible laptop to tablet model and, with Apple models, you can bundle in an iPad, too! SCI computers come

Rowley, Clarence W.

83

electronics | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

603 603 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142285603 Varnish cache server electronics Home Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2002) Super contributor 23 January, 2013 - 13:57 The Consumer Electronics Show round-up CES electronics home automation Las Vegas OpenEI Smart Grid Every January, Las Vegas hosts the Consumer Electronics Show. The CES is the world's largest technology-related trade show. The highlights of this year's show were OLED TVs, ultra-thin laptops,

84

home automation | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

91 91 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142285591 Varnish cache server home automation Home Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2002) Super contributor 23 January, 2013 - 13:57 The Consumer Electronics Show round-up CES electronics home automation Las Vegas OpenEI Smart Grid Every January, Las Vegas hosts the Consumer Electronics Show. The CES is the world's largest technology-related trade show. The highlights of this year's show were OLED TVs, ultra-thin laptops,

85

Measurement of Mechanical and Electrical  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurement of Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Ultra-thin Insulating Films. NIST Nanomechanical Properties Group ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Solid State eBurner for Supplying Power to Laptops, Cellphones  

existing technologies. Because the only byproducts from this invention are carbon dioxide and water vapor, a substantial reduction in environmental impact from

87

0500 1-5 KEY VISUAL CUES: laptop, young man, swivel chair ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... playing with a long orange tube, little girls is ... Lake City, mountains, round tables, flag, map 0760 ... including mountains, a ski resort, flags, maps, and ...

2012-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

88

Emerging mobile technologies such as PDAs, laptops and smart phones together  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a distributed application perspective. The Small Terminal Interoperability Platform (STIP) project [21] provides Security 20 Information Security Technical Report. Vol. 9, No. 4 #12;[21] STIP Consortium, STIP Specification 2.1 Overview, 2002, www.stip.org. [22] The Trusted Computing Platform Alliance, Building

Posegga, Joachim

89

Educator Responses to Technology Influences in a 1:1 Laptop Middle School.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Across the globe, students learn with digital texts, classrooms connect through the world-wide web, and elementary students apprentice in highly technical skills such as moviemaking… (more)

Boardman, David C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Active Noise Control of a Centrifugal Fan Mounted in a Mock Laptop Enclosure.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Noise from information technology (IT) equipment is a significant problem in today's modern society. Active Noise Control (ANC) has shown promise in reducing the effect… (more)

Esplin, John J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

0500 1-5 KEY VISUAL CUES: laptop, young man, swivel chair ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... light, gold ring 0512 QUERY: Find a video by Stone Farm showing a ... 0514 1-5 KEY VISUAL CUES: sailboat anchored in the wind and waves, water ...

2012-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

92

Neutron Reflectivity and Magnetization Reversal in Heusler ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 2010. Watson, SM "Spiral Domain Wall Formation in Spin Valves with Ultra-Thin Antiferromagnetic Layers." MMM Conference. Lecture. 2007. ...

2010-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

93

DIGITAL CAMERAS LAPTOPS MP3 PLAYERS CELL PHONES PRINTERS DESKTOPS HDTVS SOFTWARE MORE > CDW Small Business Solutions Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Centers Special Offers Free White Papers News and Analysis Sign In | Register | My Account AD: Instant... View all White Papers > Click here to list your White Papers > HP HDX16t The HP HDX16t is the sexiest #12;Subscription Help | Renew | Give a Gift Featured Offers FREE WHITE PAPER: The Easy Way To Keep

Rogers, John A.

94

Fabrication and Evaluation of Glass-Ceramic Composite Seals for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

First-Principles Prediction of Oxygen States and Transportation in Liquid Tin Anode SOFC ... Flexible Ceramic Ultra-Thin Membranes for Fuel Cells.

95

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 25, 2010 ... Using ultra-thin membranes fabricated from their graphene, the researchers developed chemical sensors that can easily identify ethanol from ...

96

Low temperature high density Si3N4 MIM capacitor technology for MMMIC and RF-MEMs applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, a novel, high quality, high-density, deposited at room temperature ultra thin 5 nm Si3N4 metal insulator metal (MIM) capacitor process for monolithic millimetre-wave integrated circuit (MMMIC) applications ... Keywords: RF MEMs, RF MIM capacitors, dielectric films, high density capacitors, room temperature ultra thin silicon nitride films metal insulator metal capacitors

K. Elgaid; H. Zhou; C. D. W. Wilkinson; I. G. Thayne

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Mobile Visitors in Particular to Note Web Upgrade | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mobile Visitors in Particular to Note Web Upgrade Mobile Visitors in Particular to Note Web Upgrade Mobile Visitors in Particular to Note Web Upgrade November 26, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - DOE recently launched changes to Energy.gov, which includes the public website for EM. Smartphone and tablet users are especially likely to notice the differences. The major Energy.gov upgrade features an expanded focus on consumer-oriented content and a responsive design that automatically optimizes the browsing experience on desktop computers and laptops as well as smartphones and tablets. Read more about the changes here. Addthis Related Articles Energy.gov now provides a browsing experience tailored to the device you're using. Introducing a More Responsive Energy.gov The Energy Department's main site, Energy.gov and its contents, are now available on the go. This allows users to access the Energy Departments' resources over a variety of mobile devices such as smart phones and tablets.

98

Mobile Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mobile Resources Mobile Resources Mobile Resources Have a mobile device? Find tips and information here. Questions? 505-667-5809 Email For information call the Service Desk at (505) 667-5809 or email mobilelibrary@lanl.gov The following resources are optimized for mobile devices or have mobile apps available for download. Resource Available App Mobile Website Available off Yellow Network with Pairing or Login Additional Information AACR Journals Apple Yes, the Journals are optimized for mobile viewing. Not the whole AACR site. Instructional pdf on pairing with voucher ACS Apple Android No American Institute of Physics Apple No American Mathematical Society No Yes Instructions for pairing mobile devices, tablets, laptops, etc. American Physical Society No Annual Reviews No Yes Instructions for pairing with mobile device available on website.

99

DOE JGI CSP 2012 PI Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Logistics What to Bring LAPTOP COMPUTERS REQUIRED Please plan to bring your own laptop to the JGI in order to participate in the Workshop. Details regarding system requirements...

100

DOE JGI Microbial Genomics & Metagenomics Workshops  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Logistics What to Bring LAPTOP COMPUTERS REQUIRED Please plan to bring your own laptop to the JGI in order to participate in the Workshop. Details regarding system requirements...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

DOE JGI Microbial Genome Reannotation Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Logistics What to Bring LAPTOP COMPUTERS REQUIRED Please plan to bring your own laptop to the JGI in order to participate in the Workshop. Details regarding system requirements...

102

Characterization of SiO2/Si Interface Quality by ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Steam in Furnace at 350oC 2.0 Wafer C Native Oxide 1.4 Wafer D ... Ultra-thin SiO2 films were grown by plasma oxidation and steam ...

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

103

Biological applications of weal polyelectrolyte multilayers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis research focused on biological applications of ultra-thin weak polyelectrolyte multilayers with specific emphasis on cell patterning, drug delivery, and antibacterial coatings. All of these very different ...

Berg, Michael C., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Brookhaven Soft Condensed Matter Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

surface freezing are still unresolved. One objective of the soft matter program at Brookhaven is to understand the behavior of ultra-thin organic films on solid and liquid...

105

Lanthanide Compound LaGdO 3 Grown by Pulsed Llaser ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Ultra-thin layers of SiO2 to SiONx (?r = 3.9 to 7) ... Lead-Free Piezoelectric Materials for Sensors, Capacitors, and Actuators.

106

NETL: Syngas Processing Systems - Molecular Separations Using...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Separations Using Micro-Defect Free Ultra Thin Films Project Number: DE-SC00000868 Eltron Research and Development, Inc., in a Phase II SBIR project, is developing a...

107

Battery cell configuration for organic light emitting diode display in modern smartphones and tablet-PCs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Battery cell configuration for organic light emitting diode display in modern smartphones- spite of power efficiency of organic light emitting diode (OLED) display nature, the integrated display

Pedram, Massoud

108

A Speech Processing Research Platform for Android Based Smart Phones and Tablets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Process. (ICASSP), vol. 4, Washington, DC, USA, Apr 1979, pp. 632­637. [15] K, · Analysis window and · Synthesis window. The analysis and synthesis windows available in this version of SEA include the Rectangular, Hamming, Hanning and Black- man windows. SEA allows the user to observe the role

109

Övervakningsapplikation för Windows 8 surfplatta; Monitoring application for Windows 8 tablet.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? I dagsläget finns inget system som övervakar en tullstation utan att man måste vara på plats på kontoret eller stationen. Denna rapport handlar om… (more)

Larsson, Fredrik

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Energy Management on Handheld Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Handheld devices are becoming ubiquitous and as their capabilities increase, they are starting to displace laptop computers - much as laptop computers have displaced desktop computers in many roles. Handheld devices are evolving from today's PDAs, organizers, ...

Marc A Viredaz; Lawrence S Brakmo; William R Hamburgen

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

news.usask.caocn@usask.ca www.usask.ca/ocn ocn@usask.ca  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

different toolkit and skill set than the student of 1998 when I started this job. Cellphones and laptops

Saskatchewan, University of

112

If found, please return to: _________________________________ phone#:______________________________________________  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are preventable. To protect yourself: and/or engraved with your name. bag, keys, wallet, cellphone, laptop, etc

California at Santa Cruz, University of

113

Hacking cars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Researchers have discovered important security flaws in modern automobile systems. Will car thieves learn to pick locks with their laptops?

Alex Wright

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

NIST SP 800-61 Revision 2, Computer Security Incident ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... laptop, loaded with appropriate software (eg, packet sniffers, digital forensics ... 22 The National Software Reference Library (NSRL) Project maintains ...

2012-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

115

NIST Draft Special Publication 800-40 Revision 3, Guide to ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... on the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP ... as telecommuter laptops and mobile devices. ... sequencing patches for distribution, 334 allowing ...

2013-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

116

Instructions for Using Virtual Private Network  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Virtual Private Network provides access to network drives, and is recommended for use only from a ETIS-provided laptop

117

12/28/2006 1 of 7 Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the following examples: laptops; home-based personal computers; PDAs and Smart Phones; hotel, library or other

Yamamoto, Keith

118

NSTIC Governance July 22, 2011 Docket No. 110524296 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... visited July 21, 2011). 28 Bloomberg News, Missing Laptop Halts Airport Program, LA TIMES, Aug. 5, 2008, http://articles ...

2011-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

119

Non-Cross-Linked Gel Polymer Electrolytes for Lithium Ion ...  

Rechargeable lithium ion batteries for cellular phones, laptop computers and other consumer electronics; Batteries for electrically-powered vehicles;

120

AN ADVANCED CALIBRATION PROCEDURE FOR COMPLEX IMPEDANCE SPECTRUM MEASUREMENTS OF ADVANCED ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the increasing demand for electric and hybrid electric vehicles and the explosion in popularity of mobile and portable electronic devices such as laptops, cell phones, e-readers, tablet computers and the like, reliance on portable energy storage devices such as batteries has likewise increased. The concern for the availability of critical systems in turn drives the availability of battery systems and thus the need for accurate battery health monitoring has become paramount. Over the past decade the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Montana Tech of the University of Montana (Tech), and Qualtech Systems, Inc. (QSI) have been developing the Smart Battery Status Monitor (SBSM), an integrated battery management system designed to monitor battery health, performance and degradation and use this knowledge for effective battery management and increased battery life. Key to the success of the SBSM is an in-situ impedance measurement system called the Impedance Measurement Box (IMB). One of the challenges encountered has been development of an accurate, simple, robust calibration process. This paper discusses the successful realization of this process.

William H. Morrison; Jon P. Christophersen; Patrick Bald; John L. Morrison

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Hardware Architecture for Measurements for 50-V Battery Modules  

SciTech Connect

Energy storage devices, especially batteries, have become critical for several industries including automotive, electric utilities, military and consumer electronics. With the increasing demand for electric and hybrid electric vehicles and the explosion in popularity of mobile and portable electronic devices such as laptops, cell phones, e-readers, tablet computers and the like, reliance on portable energy storage devices such as batteries has likewise increased. Because many of the systems these batteries integrated into are critical, there is an increased need for an accurate in-situ method of monitoring battery state-of-health. Over the past decade the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Montana Tech of the University of Montana (Tech), and Qualtech Systems, Inc. (QSI) have been developing the Smart Battery Status Monitor (SBSM), an integrated battery management system designed to monitor battery health, performance and degradation and use this knowledge for effective battery management and increased battery life. Key to the success of the SBSM is an in-situ impedance measurement system called the Impedance Measurement Box (IMB). One of the challenges encountered has been development of a compact IMB system that will perform rapid accurate measurements of a battery impedance spectrum working with higher voltage batteries of up to 300 volts. This paper discusses the successful realization of a system that will work up to 50 volts.

Patrick Bald; Evan Juras; Jon P. Christophersen; William Morrison

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

The correlation of the electrical properties with electron irradiation and constant voltage stress for MIS devices based on high-k double layer (HfTiSiO: N and HfTiO:N) dielectrics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the influence of e-beam irradiation and constant voltage stress on the electrical characteristics of metal-insulator-semiconductor structures, with double layer high-k dielectric stacks containing HfTiSiO:N and HfTiO:N ultra-thin ... Keywords: Electrical properties, High-k dielectrics, Metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) devices

V. Mikhelashvili; P. Thangadurai; W. D. Kaplan; G. Eisenstein

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

R&D 100 EntrySubmitting Organization Sandia National Laboratories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that integrates a lithium-ion-based solid electrolyte battery with an ultra-thin photovoltaic collector. It functions by integrating a lithium-ion based solid-state battery with a thin photovoltaic (PV) collector. " 1 http://www.duracell.com/oem/Pdf/others/TECHBULL.pdf 2 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium-ion_battery

124

PICO-LON Project for WIMPs search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Highly segmented inorganic crystal has been shown to have good performance for dark matter search. The energy resolution of ultra thin and large area NaI(Tl) scintillator has been developed. The estimated sensitivity for spin-dependent excitation of 127I was discussed. The recent status of low background measurement at Oto Cosmo Observatory is reported

Ken-Ichi Fushimi; Kensuke Yasudai; Yuuki Kamedai; Hiroyasu Ejiri; Ryuta Hazama; Kayoko Ichihara; Kyoshiro Imagawa; Hiroshi Ito; Norihiko Koori; Hidehito Nakamura; Shintaro Nakayama; Masaharu Nomachi; Tatsushi Shima; Saori Umehara; Sei Yoshida

2007-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

125

JAHRESBERICHT Institut fr Solarenergieforschung GmbH in Hameln/Emmerthal An-Institut der  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, most of the Photovoltaics (PV) solar cells market is based on 200 µm thick crystalline silicon wafer [1 of photonic crystals and diffraction gratings for ultra thin film Si solar cells Présentée devant L forget the investigation suggestions and personal helps from Ounsi EI Daif and Romain Peretti during

126

Recovery of negative bias temperature instability induced degradation of p-MOSFETs with SiON gate dielectric  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the recovery property of p-MOSFETs with an ultra-thin SiON gate dielectric which are degraded by negative bias temperature instability (NBTI). The experimental results indicate that the recovery of the NBTI degradation occurs ... Keywords: Gate dielectric, MOSFET, Negative bias temperature instability (NBTI), Reliability, Silicon oxynitride

Y. D. Kim; S. U. Han; H. S. Kang; B. K. Kang

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Surface-Sensitive, Element-Specific Magnetometry with X-Ray Linear Dichroism  

SciTech Connect

Here it is shown that the magnetic linear dichroism in x-ray photoemission (XMLD) signal can be used to measure the element specific magnetic moments in ultra thin alloy films. Comparison with recent SQUID data provides a quantitative check that demonstrates that the total magnetization derived from summing the constituent elemental moments is correct.

Schumann, F.O.; Willis, R.F.; Tobin, J.G.

1999-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

128

Analysis of copper ion filaments and retention of dual-layered devices for resistance random access memory applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For improvement of switching uniformity, we propose a dual-layer structure with different resistance values in each layer. During the forming process, a current path is created in a high-resistance region which localizes filament formation in ultra-thin ... Keywords: Copper filament, Dual-layer, Resistance random access memory (ReRAM)

Jaesik Yoon; Joonmyoung Lee; Hyejung Choi; Ju-Bong Park; Dong-jun Seong; Wootae Lee; Chunhum Cho; Seonghyun Kim; Hyunsang Hwang

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Penbook: bringing pen+paper interaction to a tablet device to facilitate paper-based workflows in the hospital domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In many contexts, pen and paper are the ideal option for collecting information despite the pervasiveness of mobile devices. Reasons include the unconstrained nature of sketching or handwriting, as well as the tactility of moving a pen over a paper that ... Keywords: hospital, multi-display device, pen input, projection

Christian Winkler; Julian Seifert; Christian Reinartz; Pascal Krahmer; Enrico Rukzio

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Development of a pressurized low-temperature tablet press for a carbon dioxide flash frozen ice confection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document details the conception, design, and testing of a series of prototype powder-pelletizing devices for use with an ice confection powder produced using a CO2 spray freezing process. The device must function at ...

Lopez, David M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Meeting the Need for Safe Drinking Water in Rural Mexico through Point-of-Use Treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are boiling and adding chlorine in the form of tablets orto water quality problems. Chlorine pills and bleach requireassociated with boiling, chlorine tablets, and bleach. Two

Lang, Micah; Kaser, Forrest; Reygadas, Fermin; Nelson, Kara; Kammen, Daniel M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Division Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

needs to confirm details and needs with instructor, including laptop, projector and flip chart needs, copy of materials, gate and barricade parking, etc. Promotion of workshop...

133

IFIP Working Conference on  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... These manycore architectures promise the availability of a terascale laptop, petascale deskside and exascale compute center in the next few years. ...

2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

134

A Historical-Data-Based Method for Health Assessment of Li-Ion Battery.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Nowadays, rechargeable Li-ion batteries have been widely used in laptops, cell phones and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). The health information of battery is very important.… (more)

Dai, Wanchen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

JOM: The Member Journal of TMS - JOM Monthly - Materials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 10, 2013 ... Further increasing the capacity of lithium-ion batteries could enable laptops to work longer and electric cars to drive farther, among many ...

136

NREL: Energy Storage - Technology Basics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology Basics Photo of an ultracapacitor. Electrochemical energy storage devices provide the power for many everyday devices-from cars, trains, and laptops to personal digital...

137

A Baldrige Success Story  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Laptops, cell phones, the Internet, eBooks, iPads—and the list goes on— signify a revolution in how society gathers and distributes information. ...

2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

138

Lithium Concentration and Diffusion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a variety of mobile power applications (laptops, automobiles, cell phones) due ... Similar to water management in fuel cells, the in situ measurement of ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

139

Air-Breathing Fuel Cell Stack - Energy Innovation Portal  

LANL has developed a fuel cell for portable power applications in laptop computers, toys, and other appliances with low-power demand.

140

Water-retaining Polymer Membranes for Fuel Cell ...  

PEM fuel cells for transportation and portable electronic devices (e.g., laptop, mp3 players, cell phones) Clothing that protects from dehydration;

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Available Technologies: Water-retaining Polymer Membranes ...  

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: PEM fuel cells for transportation and portable electronic devices (e.g., laptop, mp3 players, cell phones)

142

E One Moli Energy Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vehicles Product They make rechargeable Lithium Ion batteries for cell phones, laptop computers, higher-power batteries for power tools and also batteries for integration into...

143

TMS 2014: Annual Meeting & Exhibition - Exhibition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NEW for 2014 - Power Charging Stations in the exhibit hall. Attendees can power up their smartphones, laptops and mobile phones. Wireless internet access.

144

Internal Controls Over Personal Computers at Los Alamos National...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

over the extensive inventory of laptop computers at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Computers are used in the full range of operations at LANL, to include processing...

145

Microsoft Word - Final Report 01-02-08.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) had brought an unclassified laptop computer into a Y-12 Limited Area without following proper protocols; Imnediately thereafter,...

146

Novel Electrode Material Offers Alternative for Li-ion Batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 10, 2013 ... Further increasing the capacity of lithium-ion batteries could enable laptops to work longer and electric cars to drive farther, among many ...

147

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PageKeyword Boston-Power + , Energy Company + , Vehicles + , Start-up developing a battery for laptop computers and electric vehicles. + , Westborough + , Massachusetts + Place...

148

Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for U.S. EPA Energy Star Labeled Products: Expanded Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

KEMA Inc. 2005. CFL metering study final report. PreparedSpreadsheet: Scanner Metering Results 00.xls). LawerenceJudy. 2002. Results of Metering Laptop Battery Charging.

Sanchez, Marla

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

E2E Voting Systems-Electing a Univ President using Open ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... USB sticks, the laptops shut down, and the linux live-CDs destroyed. ... Voting Technology Workshop, August 1st 2006, Vancouver, BC,Canada., 2006 ...

2012-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

150

About the 2004 Electronic Materials Conference: Attendee and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Each technical session room has a video projector, a VGA connection for a laptop, and a Windows workstation equipped with CD and floppy disk drives, ...

151

Procurement .:. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office Supplies (PSSCorporate Express) Papers | Toner | Binders | Pens | Staples Computers ePro Computers (LBNL Computer Store) PCs | Desktops | Laptops | Monitors | Printers...

152

Tips: Home Office and Electronics | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Office Efficient with ENERGY STAR. Laptops are far more efficient than desktop computers, especially ENERGY STAR qualified models. Use Smart Power Strips to Save Energy. 2...

153

Audit Report: IG-0768 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

these efforts. Items routinely acquired by the Department included desktop and laptop computers and associated peripherals, personal digital assistants, and network infrastructure...

154

Inspection Report: IG-0762 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

this mission, CN procures and maintains computer processing equipment such as desktop computers, laptop computers, and computer servers. DOE considers computer property to be...

155

Home Office and Electronics | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Office Efficient with ENERGY STAR. Laptops are far more efficient than desktop computers, especially ENERGY STAR qualified models. Use Smart Power Strips to Save Energy. 2...

156

OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Informatio...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

in Personal Perspectives laptop browser showing science.gov Yesterday my son had an emergency appendectomy - these days a pretty routine procedure. But far from routine was the...

157

DuPont Technology Breaks Away From Glass | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DuPont Technology Breaks Away From Glass DuPont Technology Breaks Away From Glass DuPont Technology Breaks Away From Glass April 22, 2010 - 4:20pm Addthis Delaware-based DuPont is working to develop ultra-thin moisture protective films for photovoltaic panels - so thin they're about 1,000 times thinner than a human hair. DuPont is working on new photovoltaic technology that will let manufacturers of copper indium gallium selenide, or CIGS, solar cells and organic light emitting diodes, or OLED, displays protect products with thin layers of ceramic and polymer material instead of glass. These ultra-thin protective films could help prevent deterioration from moisture. Because of their potential to reduce the cost of producing solar energy, "thin-film PV modules are projected to be the fastest-growing segment of

158

DuPont Technology Breaks Away From Glass | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DuPont Technology Breaks Away From Glass DuPont Technology Breaks Away From Glass DuPont Technology Breaks Away From Glass April 22, 2010 - 4:20pm Addthis Delaware-based DuPont is working to develop ultra-thin moisture protective films for photovoltaic panels - so thin they're about 1,000 times thinner than a human hair. DuPont is working on new photovoltaic technology that will let manufacturers of copper indium gallium selenide, or CIGS, solar cells and organic light emitting diodes, or OLED, displays protect products with thin layers of ceramic and polymer material instead of glass. These ultra-thin protective films could help prevent deterioration from moisture. Because of their potential to reduce the cost of producing solar energy, "thin-film PV modules are projected to be the fastest-growing segment of

159

Simultaneous laser cutting and welding of metal foil to edge of a plate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of welding an ultra-thin foil to the edge of a thicker sheet to form a vacuum insulation panel comprising the steps of providing an ultra-thin foil having a thickness less than 0.002, providing a top plate having an edge and a bottom plate having an edge, clamping the foil to the edge of the plate wherein the clamps act as heat sinks to distribute heat through the foil, providing a laser, moving the laser relative to the foil and the plate edges to form overlapping weld beads to weld the foil to the plate edges while simultaneously cutting the foil along the weld line formed by the overlapping beads.

Pernicka, John C. (Fort Collins, CO); Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Role of surface coating on cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface coating of cathode materials has been widely investigated to enhance the life and rate capability of lithium-ion batteries. The surface coating discussed here was divided into three different configurations which are rough coating, core shell structure coating and ultra thin film coating. The mechanism of surface coating in achieving improved cathode performance and strategies to carry out this surface modification is discussed. An outlook on atomic layer deposition for lithium ion battery is also presented.

Chen, Z.; Qin, Y.; Amine, K.; Sun, Y.-K. (Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division); (Hanyang Univ.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Epitaxial growth of Dy2O3 thin films on epitaxial Dy-germanide films on Ge(001) substrates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ultra-thin films of Dy are grown on Ge(001) substrates by molecular beam deposition near room temperature and immediately annealed for solid phase epitaxy at higher temperatures, leading to the formation of DyGe"x films. Thin films of Dy"2O"3 are grown ... Keywords: Dy2O3 film, Ge(001) substrate, High-? oxide, Molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), Structural characterization, Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)

Md. Nurul Kabir Bhuiyan; Mariela Menghini; Jin Won Seo; Jean-Pierre Locquet

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

The Lady and the Li-ion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laptops desperately need a better Lithium-ion battery. Boston-Power's Christina Lampe-Onnerud says she's got it. Your world increasingly runs on lithium-ion batteries. Chances are good that your phone, laptop, camera, portable music and video players, ...

C. Lampe-Onnerud

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Computing & Communications WIRELESS SETUP FOR WINDOWS 7  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computing & Communications WIRELESS SETUP FOR WINDOWS 7 For assistance during the configuration access to the WLAN and have laptops and desktops which use the Windows 7 operating system. It is provided. Requirements: A laptop with Windows 7 operating system with latest service pack and patches applied. A wireless

Warkentin, Ian G.

164

GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs Monolithic Tandem Cells for High-Performance Solar Concentrators  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We present a new approach for ultra-high-performance tandem solar cells that involves inverted epitaxial growth and ultra-thin device processing. The additional degree of freedom afforded by the inverted design allows the monolithic integration of high-, and medium-bandgap, lattice-matched (LM) subcell materials with lower-bandgap, lattice-mismatched (LMM) materials in a tandem structure through the use of transparent compositionally graded layers. The current work concerns an inverted, series-connected, triple-bandgap, GaInP (LM, 1.87 eV)/GaAs (LM, 1.42 eV)/GaInAs (LMM, {approx}1 eV) device structure grown on a GaAs substrate. Ultra-thin tandem devices are fabricated by mounting the epiwafers to pre-metallized Si wafer handles and selectively removing the parent GaAs substrate. The resulting handle-mounted, ultra-thin tandem cells have a number of important advantages, including improved performance and potential reclamation/reuse of the parent substrate for epitaxial growth. Additionally, realistic performance modeling calculations suggest that terrestrial concentrator efficiencies in the range of 40-45% are possible with this new tandem cell approach. A laboratory-scale (0.24 cm2), prototype GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs tandem cell with a terrestrial concentrator efficiency of 37.9% at a low concentration ratio (10.1 suns) is described, which surpasses the previous world efficiency record of 37.3%.

Wanlass, M. W.; Ahrenkiel, S. P.; Albin, D. S.; Carapella, J. J.; Duda, A.; Emery, K.; Geisz, J. F.; Jones, K.; Kurtz, S.; Moriarty, T.; Romero, M. J.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

MIDAS: Multi-device Integrated Dynamic Activity Spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile phones, tablet computers, laptops, desktops, and large screen displays are increasingly available to individuals for information access, often simultaneously. Dominant content access protocols, such as HTTP/1.1, do not take advantage of this device multiplicity and support information access from single devices only. Changing devices means restarting an information session. Using devices in conjunction with each other poses several challenges, which include the presentation of content on devices with diverse form factors and propagation of the content changes across these devices. In this dissertation, I report on the design and implementation of MIDAS - architecture and a prototype system for multi-device presentations. I propose a framework, called 12C, for characterizing multi-device systems and evaluate MIDAS within this framework. MIDAS is designed as a middleware that can work with multiple client-server architectures, such as the Web and context-aware Trellis, a non-Web hypertext system. It presents information content simultaneously on devices with diverse characteristics without requiring sensor-enhanced environments. The system adapts content elements for optimal presentation on the target device while also striving to retain fidelity with the original form from a human perceptual perspective. MIDAS reconfigures its presentation in response to user actions, availability of devices, and environmental context, such as a user's location or the time of day. I conducted a pilot study that explored human perception of similarity when image attributes such as size and color depth are modified in the process of presenting images on different devices. The results indicated that users tend to prefer scaling of images to color-depth reduction but gray scaling of images is preferable to either modification. Not all images scale equally gracefully; those dominated by natural elements or manmade structures scale exceptionally well. Images that depict recognizable human faces or textual elements should be scaled only to an extent that these features retain their integrity. Attributes of the 12C framework describe aspects of multi-device systems that include infrastructure, presentation, interaction, interface, and security. Based on these criteria, MIDAS is a flexible infrastructure, which lends itself to several content distribution and interaction strategies by separating client- and server-side configuration.

Karadkar, Unmil Purushottam

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Fermilab | Tune IT Up | Questions & Answers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Questions & Answers Questions & Answers Posted: November 18, 2009 (Updated on November 24, 2009) Q. I am located at CERN and have no computers at FNAL. My personal laptop is a CERN laptop. Do I still have to complete the Tune IT Up assessment? A. If it is not an FNAL-owned computer at CERN, you do not need to complete the assessment. Posted: September 15, 2009 Q. For which computers do I need to fill out the Tune IT Up assessment? I have a personal desktop and laptop. But I also manage and/or am the custodian for various other servers at Fermilab. A. You should complete the assessment only for the desktop, laptop or smart phone you personally use to do your work. There is no need to do it for servers. Posted: September 15, 2009 Q. If the person who uses a computer is not the person who manages it, who

167

OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Mixing Science.gov, Coffee, and a Laptop Mixing Science.gov, Coffee, and a Laptop by Cathey Daniels on Wed, 5 Dec, 2007 laptop browser showing science.gov Yesterday my son had an emergency appendectomy - these days a pretty routine procedure. But far from routine was the array of drugs offered to get him through the long night ahead. What were the side effects behind these strange-sounding names? How would they affect his recovery? Would all these drugs interact minus a negative outcome? And were they even necessary? Happily, my job is community outreach for OSTI which hosts Science.gov. So, armed with a laptop in a corner coffee shop with wifi connectivity, I knew I could log onto Science.gov for a quick and thorough search of government science information. Why not Google or Yahoo? Well, certainly I could get science information

168

#LabChat: Extreme Circumstances, Unique Solutions, June 28 at 1pm EDT |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Extreme Circumstances, Unique Solutions, June 28 at 1pm Extreme Circumstances, Unique Solutions, June 28 at 1pm EDT #LabChat: Extreme Circumstances, Unique Solutions, June 28 at 1pm EDT June 27, 2012 - 2:31pm Addthis The simple, portable device identifies materials through their characteristic energy signals as unique as fingerprints. The three detectors are housed in a thermos-sized container that is connected to a laptop computer. The device issues a signal turning the laptop display bright red when nuclear material of interest is identified. | Photo courtesy of Princeton University The simple, portable device identifies materials through their characteristic energy signals as unique as fingerprints. The three detectors are housed in a thermos-sized container that is connected to a laptop computer. The device issues a signal turning the laptop display

169

Secure mobile business applications - framework, architecture and implementation11IST-Programme / KA2 / AL: IST-2001-2.1.3. The project WITNESS was supported by the European Community. This document does not represent the opinion of the European Community. It is also the sole responsibility of the authors and not the responsibility of the European Community using any data that might appear therein.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emerging mobile technologies such as PDAs, laptops and smart phones together with wireless networking technologies such as WLAN and UMTS promise to empower mobile employees to become better integrated into their companies' business processes. However, ...

Thomas Walter; Laurent Bussard; Yves Roudier; Jochen Haller; Roger Kilian-Kehr; Joachim Posegga; Philip Robinson

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Development of a MEMS turbocharger and gas turbine engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As portable electronic devices proliferate (laptops, GPS, radios etc.), the demand for compact energy sources to power them increases. Primary (non-rechargeable) batteries now provide energy densities upwards of 180 W-hr/kg, ...

Savoulides, Nicholas, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

A new approach to the electronic pen idea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The pen is a very useful, comfortable, quick and portable output device. Even in a world with Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) and laptops in abundance, many people still prefer pens for situations like taking notes in ...

Bischoff, Adrian N. (Adrian Nicholas), 1980-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Accounting for Energy-Reliant Services within Everyday Life at Home  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(e.g. 4.4 kWh for rooms with a single laptop, and up to 29.0 kWh for those with entertainment systems

Hazas, Mike

173

Personal information management and learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Students today collect and organise information on a daily basis in their PCs, laptops and mobiles, creating a personal information archive that contains items related to their learning tasks. Personal information management (PIM) is the activities users ...

Sharon Hardof-Jaffe; Rafi Nachmias

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

The search for a superbattery | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

phone once a week. Or your laptop lasted days between charges. Or an affordable electric car that ran for more than 200 miles on a single battery charge. That wonderful battery is...

175

Smartphones in the curriculum workshop (SMACK 2011)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Smartphone sales are expected to outpace desktop/laptop computer sales in 2011. It is critical for software engineers to understand the key issues of building applications for this new platform. The mobile sensing and networking capabilities of smartphones ...

Jules White; Jeff Gray; Adam Porter

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Adaptive access control in coordination-based mobile agent systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increased pervasiveness of mobile devices like cell phones, PDAs, and laptops draws attention to the need for coordination among these networked devices. The very nature of the environment requires devices to interact opportunistically when resources ...

Christine Julien; Jamie Payton; Gruia-Catalin Roman

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

COMPUTER SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING @ UCI >>> WhAT DID yOU lEARN?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-state hard drives so that laptops are faster and have longer battery life. // Or you might get a job, to help lower health care costs and provide better, more efficient care. I really enjoy the upper

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

178

Sector 30 - useful links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Useful Links Sector 30 Sector Orientation Form HERIX experiment header for lab book MERIX experiment header for lab book Printing from your laptop at the beamline Other IXS sectors...

179

Apps for Vehicles: What is OpenXC and how is it different than...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USB. The reference host device is Android, but there's no reason you couldn't use a Windows or Linux laptop with a USB port (i.e. any of them). A port of the openxc-android...

180

IBM's New Flat Panel Displays  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

by J. Sthr (SSRL), M. Samant (IBM), J. Lning (SSRL) Today's laptop computers utilize flat panel displays where the light transmission from the back to the front of the display...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Theoreticians crack code for diodes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Better resolution and longer battery life are the dreams of many people using laptop computers in airports and coffee shops. Researchers want to make this dream a reality using...

182

Method for fabricating thin films of pyrolytic carbon  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a method for fabricating ultra-thin films of pyrolytic carbon. Pyrolytic carbon is vapor deposited onto a concave surface of a heated substrate to a total uniform thickness in the range of about 0.1 to 1.0 micrometer. The carbon film on the substrate is provided with a layer of adherent polymeric resin. The resulting composite film of pyrolytic carbon and polymeric resin is then easily separated from the substrate by shrinking the polymeric resin coating with thermally induced forces.

Brassell, Gilbert W. (Lenoir City, TN); Lewis, Jr., John (Oak Ridge, TN); Weber, Gary W. (Amherst, NY)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Magnetron sputtered boron films and Ti/B multilayer structures  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for the production of thin boron and titanium/boron films by magnetron sputter deposition. The amorphous boron films contain no morphological growth features, unlike those found when thin films are prepared by various physical vapor 5 deposition processes. Magnetron sputter deposition method requires the use of a high density crystalline boron sputter target which is prepared by hot isostatic pressing. Thin boron films prepared by this method are useful for ultra-thin band pass filters as well as the low Z element in low Z/high Z mirrors which enhance reflectivity 10 from grazing to normal incidence.

Makowiecki, D.M.; Jankowski, A.F.

1991-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

184

Ionization-assisted relativistic electron generation with monoenergetic features from laser thin foil interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concept of ionization-induced injection into the laser pulse to produce quasi-monoenergetic bunches of electrons from ultra-thin solid dense targets is analyzed. When the laser pulse propagates through semi-transparent foil the electrons from inner atom shells remain bound during the rise time of the laser pulse and are ionized by the laser intensity near its maximum amplitude, which satisfies the best injection condition for subsequent acceleration. It was found that a bunch of quasimonoenergetic electrons from inner atom shells moves co-directionally with laser pulse and acquire energy {approx}m{sub e}c{sup 2}a{sup 2}/2.

Glazyrin, I. V.; Karpeev, A. V.; Kotova, O. G.; Bychenkov, V. Yu.; Fedosejevs, R.; Rozmus, W. [Russian Federal Nuclear Center - E.I.Zababakhin Institute of Technical Physics, Snezhinsk, Chelyabinsk Region 456770 (Russian Federation); P. N. Lebedev Physics Institute RAS, Leninskii Prospect 53, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton T6G 2V4, Alberta (Canada); Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton T6G 2G7, Alberta (Canada)

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

185

Light trapping in a 30-nm organic photovoltaic cell for efficient carrier collection and light absorption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe surface patterning strategies that permit high photon-collection efficiency together with high carrier-collection efficiency in an ultra-thin planar heterojunction organic photovoltaic cell. Optimized designs reach up to 50% photon collection efficiency in a P3HT layer of only 30 nm, representing a 3- to 5-fold improvement over an unpatterned cell of the same thickness. We compare the enhancement of light confinement in the active layer with an ITO top layer for TE and TM polarized light, and demonstrate that the light absorption can increase by a factor of 2 due to a gap-plasmon mode in the active layer.

Tsai, Cheng-Chia; Banerjee, Ashish; Osgood, Richard M; Englund, Dirk

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Fast neutron dosimetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This progress report concentrates on two major areas of dosimetry research: measurement of fast neutron kerma factors for several elements for monochromatic and white spectrum neutron fields and determination of the response of thermoluminescent phosphors to various ultra-soft X-ray energies and beta-rays. Dr. Zhixin Zhou from the Shanghai Institute of Radiation Medicine, People's Republic of China brought with him special expertise in the fabrication and use of ultra-thin TLD materials. Such materials are not available in the USA. The rather unique properties of these materials were investigated during this grant period.

DeLuca, P.M. Jr.; Pearson, D.W.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Ultrathin coatings of nanoporous materials as property enhancements for advanced functional materials.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the findings of a five-month LDRD project funded through Sandia's NTM Investment Area. The project was aimed at providing the foundation for the development of advanced functional materials through the application of ultrathin coatings of microporous or mesoporous materials onto the surface of substrates such as silicon wafers. Prior art teaches that layers of microporous materials such as zeolites may be applied as, e.g., sensor platforms or gas separation membranes. These layers, however, are typically several microns to several hundred microns thick. For many potential applications, vast improvements in the response of a device could be realized if the thickness of the porous layer were reduced to tens of nanometers. However, a basic understanding of how to synthesize or fabricate such ultra-thin layers is lacking. This report describes traditional and novel approaches to the growth of layers of microporous materials on silicon wafers. The novel approaches include reduction of the quantity of nutrients available to grow the zeolite layer through minimization of solution volume, and reaction of organic base (template) with thermally-oxidized silicon wafers under a steam atmosphere to generate ultra-thin layers of zeolite MFI.

Coker, Eric Nicholas

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Spectroscopic studies of metal growth on oxides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metal/oxide chemistry and metal cluster growth on oxides are fundamental to our understanding of the catalytic activity and selectivity of metal catalysts, thus considerable research recently has addressed the physical and chemical properties of metal clusters on well-defined oxide surfaces. In this work, the nucleation and growth modes of Ag on TiO?(110)(1x1) and (1x2) surfaces, Ag on ultra-thin Al?O? films, and Au on ultra-thin SiO? films were studied by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), low energy ion scattering spectroscopy (LEIS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). In general, Ag grows three-dimensionally (3D) on both TiO?(110) and Al?O? film at 300 K. The growth mode of Au at fractional monolayer coverages is quasi-two dimensional (2D); at higher coverages, three-dimensional growth of Au was found. In these three systems, Ag/TiO?, Ag/Al?O?, and Au/SiO?, no strong chemical interaction was observed between metal clusters and substrates. Sintering was observed for all metal clusters upon annealing. A non-zero order desorption was observed for Ag/Al?O? and Au/SiO? in temperature programmed desorption (TPD) studies. The desorption activation energies decrease with decreasing metal coverages.

Luo, Kai

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Effect of Heat Treatment on Cyclic Fatigue Properties of Thin Films of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Mobile devices, such as cellphones, notebook and tablet computers, have become daily necessities. Small switches made from thin films of ...

190

Welding Mettallurgy II - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile devices, such as cellphones, notebook and tablet computers, have become daily necessities. Small switches made from thin films of austenitic stainless ...

191

NIST Reference transmittance densiometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... illumination to the film step tablet with the recommended spectral flux distribution. ... film above the flash opal to measure the transmission density on ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

192

Atomwirtschaft, Atomtechnik - Google Books  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

New! Get Textbooks on Google Play. Rent and save from the world's largest eBookstore. Read, highlight, and take notes, across web, tablet, and phone.

193

Environmental Injustice in China’s Industrialized Rural Areas: Observations from Juancheng County and their National Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

specialized in manufacturing chlorine and related cleaningan assembly line putting chlorine tablets into bottles, anda machine, into which chlorine powder was poured and came

Zhou, Margaret M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Radial Segregation of Granular Materials in Rotating Cylinders  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... tablet manufacturing to cement production to rock cutting transportation with drilling fluids. Rotating cylinders are used as kilns, mixers, dryers and granulators .

195

Online Mathematical Symbol Recognition using SVMs with ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of pen-based devices such as PDAs, smart phones, Tablet. PCs and smart .... regularization parameter) were found by performing grid search with ? in the range ...

196

Crowdsourcing for research data collection in rosacea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

trials evaluating anti-inflammatory dose doxycycline (40-mg doxycycline, USP capsules) administered once daily forthe combined effect of doxycycline hyclate 20-mg tablets and

Armstrong, April W; Harskamp, Caitlin T; Cheeney, Safia; Schupp, Clayton W

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Self-Diffusion in Rotating Granular Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rock-cuttings, sand, cement, tablets, grain, coal, biomass etc are examples of granular materials. These materials are transported from one place to another ...

198

Using pen-based computers across the computer science curriculum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes our use of pen-based electronic classrooms to enhance several computer science courses. After presenting our motivation for undertaking this work, and its relevance to the growing interest in using tablet PC's in the classroom, we ... Keywords: collaborative computing, groupware, pen-based computing, tablet PCs

Dave Berque; Terri Bonebright; Michael Whitesell

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

The missing link: augmenting biology laboratory notebooks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a participatory design process, we created three prototype augmented laboratory notebooks that provide the missing link between paper, physical artifacts and on-line data. The final a-book combines a graphics tablet and a PDA. The tablet ... Keywords: SVG, a-book, augmented laboratory note-books, augmented reality, information layers, interaction lens, interactive paper

Wendy E. Mackay; Guillaume Pothier; Catherine Letondal; Kaare Bøegh; Hans Erik Sørensen

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Dell recommends Windows 8. Redefine mobility.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dell recommends Windows 8. Redefine mobility. Rethink tablets. The new XPSTM 10 tablet. Designed" Full HD touchscreen optimized for Windows 8. Dell.com Price: $1,499 $ 99999 ·3rd Gen Intel® CoreTM i7

Suzuki, Masatsugu

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY BP SOLAR INTERNATIONAL, LLC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INTERNATIONAL, LLC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER INTERNATIONAL, LLC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER NREL SUBCONTRACT NO. ZDO-2-30628-03 UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO. DE-AC36-98GO10337; W(A)-02-035; CH-1112 As set out in the attached waiver petition and in subsequent discussions with DOE Patent Counsel, BP Solar International, LLC (BP Solar) has requested an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made under the above referenced subcontract entitled "Large-Scale PV Module Manufacturing Using Ultra-thin Polycrystalline Silicon Solar Cells" by its employees and its subcontractors' employees, regardless of tier, except inventions made by subcontractors eligible to retain title to inventions pursuant to P.L. 96-517, as amended, and National Laboratories.

202

Liao-020713 - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials Sicence Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Liao-020713 Liao-020713 MATERIALS SCIENCE SEMINAR SPEAKER: Zhaoliang Liao Louisiana State University TITLE: The dead layer and critical behavior of La2/3Sr1/3MnO3 ultra thin film DATE: Thursday, February 07, 2013 TIME: 2:00 p.m. PLACE: Building 223 / S-105 HOST: Anand Bhattacharya ABSTRACT: "Dead layer"-the insulating behavior in ultrathin films of metallic oxides-is an intriguing property of thin TMO films. The question is, is this effect caused by dimensional confinement, or by the interface, strain, segregation, impurity, or stoichiometry. Utilizing UHV Laser-MBE growth technique, we have systematically studied the thickness-dependence of structure/properties for La2/3Sr1/3MnO3 (LSMO) on SrTiO3(001) by using in-situ characterization such as LEED, XPS and STM, and ex-situ transport

203

Porosimetric study of catalyst layer of polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The cathode in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) contributes the largest energy loss due to the slow kinetics of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). This issue can be addressed by either developing new noble catalysts for the ORR or increasing catalyst utilization. One effective way to increase catalyst utilization is to increase the pore volume and porosity of the catalyst layer so that the catalyst clusters are maximally exposed to gas reactants. Here, we report our study on the porosimetry of the cathode catalyst layer made with the ultra-thin film catalyst layer technique which was developed by Mahlon Wilson in our group, the effect of the making process of this membrane electrode assembly (MEA) on the porosimetric profile of catalyst layers, and the correlation of the porosimetry with the performance of the catalyst layers.

Xie, J. (Jian); Wilson, K. V. (Kennard V.); Zawodzinski, T. A. (Thomas A.), Jr.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Final Technical Progress Report NANOSTRUCTURED MAGNETIC MATERIALS  

SciTech Connect

This report describes progress made during the final phase of our DOE-funded program on Nanostructured Magnetic Materials. This period was quite productive, resulting in the submission of three papers and presentation of three talks at international conferences and three seminars at research institutions. Our DOE-funded research efforts were directed toward studies of magnetism at surfaces and interfaces in high-quality, well-characterized materials prepared by Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) and sputtering. We have an exceptionally well-equipped laboratory for these studies, with: Thin film preparation equipment; Characterization equipment; Equipment to study magnetic properties of surfaces and ultra-thin magnetic films and interfaces in multi-layers and superlattices.

Charles M. Falco

2012-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

205

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 5340 of 31,917 results. 31 - 5340 of 31,917 results. Article DuPont Technology Breaks Away From Glass Delaware-based DuPont is working to develop ultra-thin moisture protective films for photovoltaic panels - so thin they're about 1,000 times thinner than a human hair. http://energy.gov/articles/dupont-technology-breaks-away-glass Video Profiling 1366 Technologies: One Year Later Last January, we took a look at how ARPA-E performer, 1366 Technologies is working to dramatically reduce the cost of solar energy. A year later, we revisited their headquarters in Lexington, MA to... http://energy.gov/videos/profiling-1366-technologies-one-year-later Download Virginia Recovery Act State Memo http://energy.gov/downloads/virginia-recovery-act-state-memo Download SRC_Comments_Re_Technology_Transfer.pdf

206

NCEM National Center for Electron Microscopy: Microscopes and Facilities:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SPLEEM SPLEEM Publications Imaging Spin Reorientation Transitions in Consecutive Atomic Co layers, Farid El Gabaly, Silvia Gallego, M. Carmen Munoz, Laszlo Szunyogh, Peter Weinberger, Kevin F. McCarty, Christof Klein, Andreas K. Schmid, Juan de la Figuera, submitted Direct imaging of spin-reorientation transitions in ultra-thin Ni films by spin-polarized low-energy electron microscopy, C. Klein, A. K. Schmid, R. Ramchal, and M. Farle, submitted Controlling the kinetic order of spin-reorientation transitions in Ni/Cu(100) films by tuning the substrate step-structure, C. Klein, R. Ramchal, A.K. Schmid, M. Farle, submitted Self-organization and magnetic domain microstructure of Fe nanowire arrays, N. Rougemaille and A.K. Schmid, submitted Self-Assembled Nanofold Network Formation on Layered Crystal Surfaces

207

Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Separations Using Micro- Molecular Separations Using Micro- Defect Free Ultra-Thin Films Background Current methods for separating carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from methane (CH 4 ) in fuel gas streams are energy and cost-intensive. Molecular sieve membrane development for carbon capture has been pursued for several decades because of the potential these membranes have for high selectivity while using less energy than cryogenic separation methods and greater flux (permselectivity) than is possible from polymeric membranes. However, the adoption of molecular sieve membrane technology has been hindered by high production costs and the micro-defect fissures that always accompany this type of membrane when fabricated using conventional techniques. The Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), has

208

Recent News from the National Labs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 23, 2010 April 23, 2010 Exciting White Lighting Windows that emit light and are more energy efficient? Universal Display's PHOLED technology enables windows that have transparent light-emitting diodes in them. April 22, 2010 DuPont Technology Breaks Away From Glass Delaware-based DuPont is working to develop ultra-thin moisture protective films for photovoltaic panels - so thin they're about 1,000 times thinner than a human hair. April 15, 2010 Pennsylvania Company Develops Solar Cell Printing Technology The technology uses Plextronics' conductive inks that can be printed by manufacturers worldwide to make solar cells, potentially as easily as they might print a newspaper. April 12, 2010 Universities Across the United States Make Strides in Energy Education A new video on EERE's Energy Empowers website highlights an inspiring

209

Alamos National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

record neutron beam at Los record neutron beam at Los Alamos National Laboratory July 10, 2012 New method has potential to advance materials measurement LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, July 10, 2012-Using a one-of-a-kind laser system at Los Alamos National Laboratory, scientists have created the largest neutron beam ever made by a short-pulse laser, breaking a world record. Neutron beams are usually made with particle accelerators or nuclear reactors and are commonly used in a wide variety of scientific research, particularly in advanced materials science. Using the TRIDENT laser, a unique and powerful 200 trillion-watt short-pulse laser, scientists from Los Alamos, the Technical University of Darmstadt, Germany, and Sandia National Laboratories focus high-intensity light on an ultra-thin plastic sheet

210

Bacterium Helps in the Formation of Gold | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Creating a Precise Atomic-Scale Map of Quantum Dots Creating a Precise Atomic-Scale Map of Quantum Dots Getting to the Roots of Lethal Hairs Stressing Out the Twins in Magnesium Size-Related Behavior of Anatase Nanocrystals under Extreme Pressure Boron-Based Compounds Trick a Biomedical Protein Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Bacterium Helps in the Formation of Gold OCTOBER 13, 2009 Bookmark and Share Top: An ultra-thin section of C. metallidurans containing a gold nanoparticle. Bottom: This image shows maps of pure gold with other elements. By determining what elements there are, scientists can see where the gold is located in relation to the cells. These maps are quantitative

211

Compact vacuum insulation embodiments  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra-thin compact vacuum insulation panel is comprised of two hard, but bendable metal wall sheets closely spaced apart from each other and welded around the edges to enclose a vacuum chamber. Glass or ceramic spacers hold the wall sheets apart. The spacers can be discrete spherical beads or monolithic sheets of glass or ceramic webs with nodules protruding therefrom to form essentially point' or line' contacts with the metal wall sheets. In the case of monolithic spacers that form line' contacts, two such spacers with the line contacts running perpendicular to each other form effectively point' contacts at the intersections. Corrugations accommodate bending and expansion, tubular insulated pipes and conduits, and preferred applications are also included. 26 figs.

Benson, D.K.; Potter, T.F.

1992-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

212

Energetics and energy scaling of quasi-monoenergetic protons in laser radiation pressure acceleration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Theoretical and computational studies of the ion energy scaling of the radiation pressure acceleration of an ultra-thin foil by short pulse intense laser irradiation are presented. To obtain a quasi-monoenergetic ion beam with an energy spread of less than 20%, two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations show that the maximum energy of the quasi-monoenergetic ion beam is limited by self-induced transparency at the density minima caused by the Rayleigh-Taylor instability. For foils of optimal thickness, the time over which Rayleigh-Taylor instability fully develops and transparency occurs is almost independent of the laser amplitude. With a laser power of about one petawatt, quasi-monogenetic protons with 200 MeV and carbon ions with 100 MeV per nucleon can be obtained, suitable for particle therapy applications.

Liu Tungchang; Shao Xi; Liu Chuansheng; Su Jaojang; Dudnikova, Galina; Sagdeev, Roald Z. [University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Eliasson, Bengt [University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Ruhr-University Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany); Tripathi, Vipin [Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110016 (India)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

213

A Ni-Fe Layered Double Hydroxide-Carbon Nanotube Complex for Water Oxidation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Highly active, durable and cost-effective electrocatalysts for water oxidation to evolve oxygen gas hold a key to a range of renewable energy solutions including water splitting and rechargeable metal-air batteries. Here, we report the synthesis of ultrathin nickel iron layered double hydroxide nanoplates on mildly oxidized multi-walled carbon nanotubes. Incorporation of Fe into the nickel hydroxide induced the formation of NiFe-layered double hydroxide. The nanoplates were covalently attached to a network of nanotubes, affording excellent electrical wiring to the nanoplates. The ultra-thin Ni-Fe layered double hydroxide nanoplates/carbon nanotube complex was found to exhibit unusually high electro-catalytic activity and stability for oxygen evolution and outperformed commercial precious metal Ir catalysts.

Gong, Ming; Wang, Hailiang; Liang, Yongye; Wu, Justin Zachary; Zhou, Jigang; Wang, Jian; Regier, Tom; Wei, Fei; Dai, Hongjie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Reactive gas atomization processing for Fe-based ODS alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gas atomization reaction synthesis was employed as a simplified method for processing oxide dispersion forming precursor Fe-based powders (e.g., Fe-Cr-Y-Hf). During this process a reactive atomization gas (i.e., Ar-O{sub 2}) was used to oxidize the powder surfaces during primary break-up and rapid solidification of the molten alloy. This resulted in envelopment of the powders by an ultra-thin (t dispersion strengthened microstructures were engineered from different powder particle size ranges, illustrating microstructural control as a function of particle solidification rate. Additionally, preliminary thermal-mechanical processing was used to develop a fine scale dislocation substructure for ultimate strengthening of the alloy.

Rieken, J.R.; Anderson, I.E.; Kramer, M.J.; Odette, G.R.; Stergarc, E.; Haney, E.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

215

Mn solid solutions in self-assembled Ge/Si (001) quantum dot heterostructures  

SciTech Connect

Heteroepitaxial Ge{sub 0.98}Mn{sub 0.02} quantum dots (QDs) on Si (001) were grown by molecular beam epitaxy. The standard Ge wetting layer-hut-dome-superdome sequence was observed, with no indicators of second phase formation in the surface morphology. We show that Mn forms a dilute solid solution in the Ge quantum dot layer, and a significant fraction of the Mn partitions into a sparse array of buried, Mn-enriched silicide precipitates directly underneath a fraction of the Ge superdomes. The magnetic response from the ultra-thin film indicates the absence of robust room temperature ferromagnetism, perhaps due to anomalous intermixing of Si into the Ge quantum dots.

Kassim, J.; Nolph, C.; Reinke, P.; Floro, J. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 (United States); Jamet, M. [Institut Nanosciences et Cryogenie/SP2M, CEA-UJF, F-38054 Grenoble (France)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

216

Method of forming biaxially textured alloy substrates and devices thereon  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Specific alloys, in particular Ni-based alloys, that can be biaxially textured, with a well-developed, single component texture are disclosed. These alloys have a significantly reduced Curie point, which is very desirable from the point of view of superconductivity applications. The biaxially textured alloy substrates also possess greatly enhanced mechanical properties (yield strength, ultimate tensile strength) which are essential for most applications, in particular, superconductors. A method is disclosed for producing complex multicomponent alloys which have the ideal physical properties for specific applications, such as lattice parameter, degree of magnetism and mechanical strength, and which cannot be fabricated in textured form. In addition, a method for making ultra thin biaxially textured substrates with complex compositions is disclosed.

Goyal, Amit (Knoxville, TN); Specht, Eliot D. (Knoxville, TN); Kroeger, Donald M. (Knoxville, TN); Paranthaman, Mariappan (Knoxville, TN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Method of forming biaxially textured alloy substrates and devices thereon  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Specific alloys, in particular Ni-based alloys, that can be biaxially textured, with a well-developed, single component texture are disclosed. These alloys have a significantly reduced Curie point, which is very desirable from the point of view of superconductivity applications. The biaxially textured alloy substrates also possess greatly enhanced mechanical properties (yield strength, ultimate tensile strength) which are essential for most applications, in particular, superconductors. A method is disclosed for producing complex multicomponent alloys which have the ideal physical properties for specific applications, such as lattice parameter, degree of magnetism and mechanical strength, and which cannot be in textured form. In addition, a method for making ultra thin biaxially textured substrates with complex compositions is disclosed.

Goyal, Amit (300 Walker Springs Rd., #19E, Knoxville, TN 37923); Specht, Eliot D. (10639 Rivermist La., Knoxville, TN 37922); Kroeger, Donald M. (716 Villa Crest Dr., Knoxville, TN 37923); Paranthaman, Mariappan (1117 Oak Haven Rd., Knoxville, TN 37923)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Inverted GaInP/(In)GaAs/InGaAs Triple-Junction Solar Cells with Low-Stress Metamorphic Bottom Junctions: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We demonstrate high efficiency performance in two ultra-thin, Ge-free III-V semiconductor triple-junction solar cell device designs grown in an inverted configuration. Low-stress metamorphic junctions were engineered to achieve excellent photovoltaic performance with less than 3 x 106 cm-2 threading dislocations. The first design with band gaps of 1.83/1.40/1.00 eV, containing a single metamorphic junction, achieved 33.8% and 39.2% efficiencies under the standard one-sun global spectrum and concentrated direct spectrum at 131 suns, respectively. The second design with band gaps of 1.83/1.34/0.89 eV, containing two metamorphic junctions achieved 33.2% and 40.1% efficiencies under the standard one-sun global spectrum and concentrated direct spectrum at 143 suns, respectively.

Geisz, J. F.; Kurtz, S. R.; Wanlass, M. W.; Ward, J. S.; Duda, A.; Friedman, D. J.; Olson, J. M.; McMahon, W. E.; Moriarty, T. E.; Kiehl, J. T.; Romero, M. J.; Norman, A. G.; Jones, K. M.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

In-situ Synchrotron Radiation X-ray Scattering Study On The Initial Structure Of Atomic Layer Deposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the excellent conformality of ALD, it is not only adopted thin film, but also has been adopted for the fabrication of nanostructures. The surface reaction of ALD process is dependent on the substrate condition, thus the study on initial stage of ALD process is crucial to achieve controllable film growth. By the way, because of quite low scattering intensity of initial ultra thin layer, the high flux Synchrotron Radiation is needed. Synchrotron radiation x-ray scattering measurements allow us to investigate the atomic structure evolution of a few nanometer thickness films at the initial growth stage, nondestructively. Ru and TaN ALD films were grown. The thickness, roughness, and electron density were estimated by X-Ray Reflectivity (XRR) analysis. The island structures and its coverage also were estimated.

Park, Y. J. [Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, POSTECH, Pohang, Gyeongbuk (Korea, Republic of); Department of MSE, POSTECH, Pohang, Gyeongbuk (Korea, Republic of); Lee, D. R. [Department of Physics, Soongsil univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Baik, S. [Department of MSE, POSTECH, Pohang, Gyeongbuk (Korea, Republic of)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

220

Compact vacuum insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra-thin compact vacuum insulation panel is comprised of two hard, but bendable metal wall sheets closely spaced apart from each other and welded around the edges to enclose a vacuum chamber. Glass or ceramic spacers hold the wall sheets apart. The spacers can be discrete spherical beads or monolithic sheets of glass or ceramic webs with nodules protruding therefrom to form essentially point'' or line'' contacts with the metal wall sheets. In the case of monolithic spacers that form line'' contacts, two such spacers with the line contacts running perpendicular to each other form effectively point'' contacts at the intersections. Corrugations accommodate bending and expansion, tubular insulated pipes and conduits, and preferred applications are also included.

Benson, D.K.; Potter, T.F.

1993-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Compact vacuum insulation embodiments  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra-thin compact vacuum insulation panel is comprised of two hard, but bendable metal wall sheets closely spaced apart from each other and welded around the edges to enclose a vacuum chamber. Glass or ceramic spacers hold the wall sheets apart. The spacers can be discrete spherical beads or monolithic sheets of glass or ceramic webs with nodules protruding therefrom to form essentially "point" or "line" contacts with the metal wall sheets. In the case of monolithic spacers that form "line" contacts, two such spacers with the line contacts running perpendicular to each other form effectively "point" contacts at the intersections. Corrugations accommodate bending and expansion, tubular insulated pipes and conduits, and preferred applications are also included.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Potter, Thomas F. (Denver, CO)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Compact vacuum insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra-thin compact vacuum insulation panel is comprised of two hard, but bendable metal wall sheets closely spaced apart from each other and welded around the edges to enclose a vacuum chamber. Glass or ceramic spacers hold the wall sheets apart. The spacers can be discrete spherical beads or monolithic sheets of glass or ceramic webs with nodules protruding therefrom to form essentially "point" or "line" contacts with the metal wall sheets. In the case of monolithic spacers that form "line" contacts, two such spacers with the line contacts running perpendicular to each other form effectively "point" contacts at the intersections. Corrugations accommodate bending and expansion, tubular insulated pipes and conduits, and preferred applications are also included.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Potter, Thomas F. (Denver, CO)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

White organic light-emitting diodes: Status and perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

White organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are ultra-thin, large-area light sources made from organic semiconductor materials. Over the last decades, much research has been spent on finding the suitable materials to realize highly efficient monochrome and white OLEDs. With their high efficiency, color-tunability, and color-quality, white OLEDs are emerging to become one of the next generation light sources. In this review, we discuss the physics of a variety of device concepts that are introduced to realize white OLEDs based on both polymer and small molecule organic materi als. Owing to the fact that about 80 % of the internally generated photons are trapped within the thin-film layer structure, we put a second focus on reviewing promising concepts for improved light outcoupling.

Reineke, Sebastian; Lüssem, Björn; Leo, Karl

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Novel Carbon Nanotube-Based Nanostructures for High-Temperature Gas Sensing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The primary objective of this research is to examine the feasibility of using vertically aligned multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as a high temperature sensor material for fossil energy systems where reducing atmospheres are present. In the initial period of research, we fabricated capacitive sensors for hydrogen sensing using vertically aligned MWCNTs. We found that CNT itself is not sensitive to hydrogen. Moreover, with the help of Pd electrodes, hydrogen sensors based on CNTs are very sensitive and fast responsive. However, the Pd-based sensors can not withstand high temperature (T<200 C). In the last year, we successfully fabricated a hydrogen sensor based on an ultra-thin nanoporous titanium oxide (TiO{sub 2}) film supported by an AAO substrate, which can operate at 500 C with hydrogen concentrations in a range from 50 to 500 ppm.

Zhi Chen; Kozo Saito

2008-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

225

Energy Sources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 28, 2010 May 28, 2010 Arizona College 5 MW System Will be "Solar with a Purpose" The "sunniest place on Earth" wants to become the go-to place for solar. April 22, 2010 DuPont Technology Breaks Away From Glass Delaware-based DuPont is working to develop ultra-thin moisture protective films for photovoltaic panels - so thin they're about 1,000 times thinner than a human hair. April 16, 2010 Geothermal Business on the Rise for Kansas Company The small business saw 80 percent of its revenues come from installing geothermal loop systems. April 15, 2010 Rancher Brings Wind Power to Arizona It all started when Bill Elkins got an idea. April 9, 2010 Wave-Energy Company Looks to Test Prototypes in Maine Waters The state has been working to position itself in the alternative energy

226

A Publication of the Georgia Institute of Technology Winter/Spring 2011 MicroneedlesVaccination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and colleagues just a few thumb-taps away and allow busi- ness to be done anywhere that has cellphone reception, they also pose new security and privacy risks. "Traditional cellphones have been ignored by attackers be secure trans- mission of sensitive information ­ such as credit card numbers ­ from cellphones, laptops

Löffler, Frank E.

227

A Disruption-Tolerant Architecture for Secure and Efficient Disaster Response Communications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Disruption-Tolerant Architecture for Secure and Efficient Disaster Response Communications Kevin situational awareness when citizens in a disaster are willing to contribute their own devices, such as laptops. A situational awareness service processes all received data and creates annotated maps to visualize a disaster

Fall, Kevin R.

228

NATURAL RESOURCE CONSERVATION ENDOWMENT GRANT 2013 CALL FOR PROPOSALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NATURAL RESOURCE CONSERVATION ENDOWMENT GRANT 2013 CALL FOR PROPOSALS PURPOSE The Natural Resource years and may be requested by submitting a new proposal with a progress report each year. Equipment education costs (tuition, school related fees, textbooks, computers, laptops, or software); and refreshments

Collins, Gary S.

229

August 2004 79 C O M M U N I C A T I O N S  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the Internet--accounted for about 2 percent of US electricity consump- tion (http by digitally networked devices is expected to increase at a faster rate than other types of energy use to increase battery lifetime in laptop PCs, which historically were not network-connected when using battery

Knowles, David William

230

A Battery-Aware Algorithm for Supporting Collaborative Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Battery-Aware Algorithm for Supporting Collaborative Applications Sami Rollins and Cheryl Chang. Battery-powered devices such as laptops, cell phones, and MP3 players are becoming ubiquitous. There are several significant ways in which the ubiquity of battery-powered technology impacts the field

Rollins, Sami

231

u c l a Col le g e R e p or t 27 In the push to develop practical hydrogen fuel cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

u c l a Col le g e R e p or t 27 In the push to develop practical hydrogen fuel cells to power cars hydrogen fuel that powers not only cars, but also laptop computers, cel- lular phones, digital cameras and other electronic devices. "Before this work,the challenge has been: how do you store enough hydro- gen

Grether, Gregory

232

" Million U.S. Housing Units"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Laptop (Flat-panel LCD)",16.9,11.3,1.2,1.1,2.9,0.5 "Have Access to Internet" "Yes",66.9,48.8,4.2,3.3,8,2.6 "Dial-up (phone)",26.8,19.9,1.4,1.1,2.6,1.8...

233

"Table HC10.11 Home Electronics Characteristics by U.S. Census...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

",13.6,2.4,2.7,5.1,3.5 "Laptop (Flat-panel LCD)",16.9,3.3,3.4,6.1,4.1 "Have Access to Internet" "Yes",66.9,12.3,15.3,23.3,16 "Dial-up (phone)",26.8,4.3,6.9,10.2,5.4...

234

"Table HC14.11 Home Electronics Characteristics by West Census...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

LCD",13.6,3.5,1,2.5 "Laptop (Flat-panel LCD)",16.9,4.1,1.1,3 "Have Access to Internet" "Yes",66.9,16,4.7,11.3 "Dial-up (phone)",26.8,5.4,1.8,3.6 "DSL",19.1,5.4,1.3,4.1...

235

Cost-effective wearable sensor to detect EMF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present the design of a cost-effective wearable sensor to detect and indicate the strength and other characteristics of the electric field emanating from a laptop display. Our Electromagnetic Field Detector Bracelet can provide an immediate ... Keywords: ambient signals, capacitive sensor, sensing technology, wearable

Cati Vaucelle; Hiroshi Ishii; Joseph A. Paradiso

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Creeping ubiquity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scenes from a laptop: A few weeks ago, I took a bus from the suburbs of Boston to New York. It was a business trip, so I might have flown on the shuttle or taken Amtrak. Although the flight time of the shuttle is about an hour, it turns out that the ...

Win Treese

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Last printed 3/16/2004 3:01 PM High-Frequency (Light) Borehole-Radar System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Last printed 3/16/2004 3:01 PM High-Frequency (Light) Borehole-Radar System Ramac from Mala Geoscience Packing List 1) Radar control unit (Ramac surface GPR system) (Old or New CU2 is O.K.). 2) Laptop computer with acquisition software, manuals, logbook and protocol sheets. 3) Backup system; zip, jaz, or CD

Barrash, Warren

238

Real time video streaming over heterogeneous networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technological advances allow handheld devices to be equipped with faster processors and wireless interfaces, making the performance comparable to laptop Computers. In this paper, we describe real-time video streaming over heterogeneous networks namely ... Keywords: GPRS-EDGE, IEEE802.11, IETF, MPEG-4, PSS, RTCP, RTP, RTSP, bluetooth, performance, piconet, quality of service, video streaming, wireless LANs

Mohammed A. Qadeer; Rehan Ahmad; Mohd Siddique Khan; Tauseef Ahmad

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

SpaceX-D Manifest USOS (U.S. On-Orbit Segment) Cargo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

range from microbial growth to water purification in microgravity · Ice bricks For cooling and transfer flights Computers and supplies 22 pounds (10 kilograms) · Laptop, batteries, power supply cables Total kilograms) · "Plant Signaling" hardware (16 Experiment Unique Equipment Assemblies) · Plant Signaling seek

240

A routing protocol for power constrained networks with asymmetric links  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In many instances, an ad hoc network consists of nodes with different hardware and software capabilities as well as power limitations. This is the case of ad hoc grids where devices such as desktops, laptops, robots, palmtops, sensors, and actuators ... Keywords: forwarding fitness function, m-limited forwarding, m-party proxy set

Guoqiang Wang; Yongchang Ji; Dan C. Marinescu; Damla Turgut

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Towards new widgets to reduce PC power consumption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a study which describes the power consumption characteristics of a number of different interaction techniques on a desktop and laptop computer. In total, 8 interactions that can be used to carry out a single task (navigating a PDF document) ... Keywords: power consumption, widgets

Ross McLachlan; Stephen Brewster

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Energy consumption in mobile devices: why future systems need requirements–aware energy scale-down  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current proliferation of mobile devices has resulted in a large diversity of designs, each optimized for a specific application, form-factor, battery life, and functionality (e.g., cell phone, pager, MP3 player, PDA, laptop). Recent trends, motivated ...

Robert N. Mayo; Parthasarathy Ranganathan

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Using occupancy to reduce energy consumption of buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

real-time power consumption. More modern devices come withpower consumption of laptop with time, and the difference in startup power draw of both devices.devices are turned on at different times, their characteristic waveforms can be distinguished from the overall power consumption

Balaji, Bharathan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

WUFI COMPUTER MODELING WORKSHOP FOR WALL DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on your laptop so that you can load the software. · You will be walked through every aspect standard, for building envelope design and wall analysis. See how to use WUFI® in conjunction with ASHRAE, to ensure personalized attention. · You will receive a copy of WUFI® software; the US Department of Energy

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

245

Effective scheduling techniques for high-level parallel programming languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the not-so-distant past, parallel programming was mostly the concern of programmers specializing in high-performance computing. Nowadays, on the other hand, many of today's desktop and laptop computers come equipped with a species of shared-memory ...

Michael Alan Rainey / John H. Reppy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Policy #2009EE001 Campus Sustainability Policy--  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in implementing the policy. Energy Desktop computers can draw 50-100 W when in full operation and a laptop between. Resource Efficiency and Emissions Electricity use at IIT results comes from a mix of coal, natural gas manufacture entering the atmosphere through incineration or ground water through landfill. Economy The energy

Heller, Barbara

247

Subscribe & Get a Customer Service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-mail address Go White Paper Library Webcast Library Most Popular Search Terms Laptops iPod Nano Backup Printers: What You Need to Know Search PC World Shop &DownloadsHow-ToReviewsNews Geek Tech Latest news on cutting World 8/30/2009http://www.pcworld.com/article/170583/flexible_displays_ready_to_wear.html #12;Enter e

Rogers, John A.

248

POSTGRADUATE MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to be used with unmodified legacy operating systems), and flash file systems (which provide for better Another Flash File System used in Android) and the JFFS2 (the Journaling Flash File System used on the One Laptop per Child Program) flash file systems. It then conducts experiments to confirm or deny

249

Multiscale structural and mechanical design of mineralized biocomposites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gastropod mollusk nacre tablets and Polypterus senegalus armored scales share common features such as a very complex and changing structure spanning several length scales. The smallest building blocks are single crystals, ...

Bruet, Benjamin J. F. (Benjamin Jean Fernand), 1980-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Semantic representation of digital ink in the classroom learning partner  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The research presented in this thesis addresses a critical issue in the introduction of new tablet-PC-based educational technology in the classroom: interpretation and semantic representation of digital ink. The teaching ...

Rbeiz, Michel A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

G  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

B me p rogrammers 2012 INTERNATIONAL O PEN G OVERNMENT D ATA C ONFERENCE Structure o f C API S ystem * Tablet---based D ata E ntry A pplicaBon - Users: I nterviewers - Main F...

252

China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Xinhua, et al. 1999. China’s Natural Gas Resources. Beijing:Base of Coal, Oil, and Natural Gas by Province, 2006 TableTable 1B.8. Undiscovered Natural Gas Resources by Region and

Fridley, Ed., David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

NEW FIRE EXTINGUISHING AGENTS IN RUSSIA IN THE ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Patent 2069064), have used ammonium azide tablets pressed to the density of 1.31-1.32 s/cm3 and coated with a polymerous lacquer for protection ...

2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

254

Computer rotoscoping with the aid of color recognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rotoscoping is explored as a computer animation technique. The optical videodisc serves as the image storage and input source. Image processing and tablet painting routines are applied to digitized frames. "Color recognition", ...

Allen, Rebecca A

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

The development of a thin-film rollforming process for pharmaceutical continuous manufacturing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, a continuous rollforming process for the folding of thin-films was proposed and studied as a key step in the continuous manufacturing of pharmaceutical tablets. HPMC and PEG based polymeric thin-films were ...

Slaughter, Ryan (Ryan R.)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Study of polymeric film bonding for pharmaceutical applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Currently employed batch manufacturing processes for tablet-making in the pharmaceutical industry are estimated to cause the loss of as much as 25% of revenues due to batch rejection, rework and investigations. An alternate ...

Cardell, Alyse (Alyse Christine)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Layer bonding of solvent-cast thin films for pharmaceutical solid dosage forms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the pharmaceutical industry, the conventional tablet manufacturing process, a batch-based process based on solid powder handling, presents challenges such as inhomogeneous blending between Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients ...

Kim, Won, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Database lists endangered languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the discussion thread. Advertisement / / / More Like This Google adapts Chrome OS for tablets Posted 12 hours ago by Trent Nouveau Toyota and Microsoft unveil 'smart car' plans Posted 23 hours ago by Emma Woollacott...

Woollacott, Emma

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

259

R Sanchez-Reillo R Blanco-Gonzalo O Miguel- R. Sanchez ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Smartphone • Samsung Galaxy Tab • Tablet • Mixed ... Page 11. ® Note-F for reference (best result intra-device): ? Tab: ? Tab: ? 2.38 ? 1.45 !! ? iPad: ...

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

260

Guided GUI testing of android apps with minimal restart and approximate learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Smartphones and tablets with rich graphical user interfaces (GUI) are becoming increasingly popular. Hundreds of thousands of specialized applications, called apps, are available for such mobile platforms. Manual testing is the most popular technique ... Keywords: android, automata, gui testing, learning

Wontae Choi, George Necula, Koushik Sen

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

TMV Technology Capabilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TMV Technology Capabilities TMV Technology Capabilities Brake Stroke Monitor Brake monitoring systems are proactive maintenance systems that provide instant identification of wheel specific, out-of-adjustment, non-functioning or dragging brake issues. AC Shore Power Since the TMV is equipped with DC power in-vehicle, shore power is needed to 1) charge the batteries that supply power to those outlets and 2) be used when running off battery power is not necessary FMCSA Laptop The laptop contains key software which helps enforcement officials perform inspections, look up information, etc. This computer also contains software for the USDOT # reader. Electronic On-Board Recorder EOBRs remove the need for paper logs by automatically recording duty status and location. EOBRs help

262

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) does not currently regulate battery chargers. Energy conservation standards have been in place for external power supplies since 2007. Battery chargers charge batteries for consumer products, including battery chargers embedded in other consumer products. Examples of this product include chargers for cell phone or laptop computer batteries. External power supplies convert household electric current into direct current or lower-voltage alternating current to operate a consumer product such as a laptop computer or digital picture frame. Currently only Class A external power supplies are covered by standards.

263

JC3 Bulletin Archive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

26, 2011 26, 2011 T-676: Apple iOS Certificate Chain Validation Flaw Lets Certain Remote Users Access or Modify SSL/TLS Sessions Apple iOS Certificate Chain Validation Flaw Lets Certain Remote Users Access or Modify SSL/TLS Sessions. July 25, 2011 T-675: Apple Laptop Battery Interface Lets Local Users Deny Service Apple Laptop Battery Interface Lets Local Users Deny Service July 22, 2011 T-674: Drupal Secure Password Hashes Module Security Bypass Vulnerability The Secure Password Hashes module for Drupal is prone to a security-bypass vulnerability. July 21, 2011 T-673: Apple Safari Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code, Conduct Cross-Site Scripting Attacks Apple Safari Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code, Conduct Cross-Site Scripting Attacks

264

NREL: News Feature - Super-Efficient Cells Key to Low-Cost Solar Power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Super-Efficient Cells Key to Low-Cost Solar Power Super-Efficient Cells Key to Low-Cost Solar Power February 16, 2011 This photo shows eight Amonix 7700 solar power generators, those in front tilted horizontally, those in the rear tilted near vertically. Each is a huge rectangle divided into hundreds of squares holding cells and lenses. Enlarge image The Amonix 7700 Concentrated Photovoltaic (CPV) Solar Power Generators are showcasing reliability and undergoing validation-of-performance measurements at the SolarTAC facility in Aurora, Colo. Credit: Dennis Schroeder In this photo, a man in an orange safety vest and hardhat is using a laptop, with large concentrated photovoltaic generators in the background. Enlarge image A technician at SolarTAC in Aurora, CO, enters some numbers into a laptop as he monitors validation of the Amonix 7700 Solar Power Generators.

265

For Job Seekers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collage of researchers doing experiments, viewing laptop, LBNL building Collage of researchers doing experiments, viewing laptop, LBNL building For Job Seekers How to find opportunities in energy and environmental careers. First, read our "What is Energy Efficiency?" page, especially, "Who Does Energy Efficiency?" You'll discover that people in many different occupations can have some type of involvement working toward a more energy-efficient world. Job Listings in Research and Development, and Higher Education The links on this page jump to a variety of energy-related employers. They include institutions doing research in energy such as the Department of Energy's National Laboratories, and universties, as well as private sector companies in energy-related services, such as consulting firms and utilities.

266

Services For Staff  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Posed group photo and laptop computers Posed group photo and laptop computers Services For Staff Where employees can find important information on health and safety, communications services, proposals and subcontracts, and program development. The links on this page for EETD staff only. Find help on safety and emergency procedures, budgets, proposals, subcontracts, and communications services such as web development. Budget Office and Proposals/Subcontracts Group Contact EETD's Budget Office for budget management support. For help writing research proposals or initiating subcontracts, contact EETD's Proposals/Subcontracts Group. Program Development The Program Development Office can help you develop sources of funding and partnerships for research. Communications Office The Communications Office is a creative group within EETD supporting the

267

For The Media  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Images of laptop screen and keyboards Images of laptop screen and keyboards For The Media Resources for news media, including lists of contacts and their scientific areas of focus, a link to the latest news, and the free, quarterly EETD News-subscribe by email. Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division (EETD) welcomes inquiries from the news media. Here are some links to research news from EETD, Berkeley Lab press releases, and the free quarterly bulletin of EETD research, EETD News-you can subscribe electronically. For information about other Divisions at the Berkeley Lab, contact the Lab's Public Affairs Department. Media Contacts For general information and media assistance. Latest News RSS The latest news of research at EETD, lectures, visits and other goings-on. Videos Lectures by and news coverage of EETD scientists.

268

ACYSYS in a box  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Accelerator Control System at Fermilab has evolved to enable this relatively large control system to be encapsulated into a 'box' such as a laptop. The goal was to provide a platform isolated from the 'online' control system. This platform can be used internally for making major upgrades and modifications without impacting operations. It also provides a standalone environment for research and development including a turnkey control system for collaborators. Over time, the code base running on Scientific Linux has enabled all the salient features of the Fermilab's control system to be captured in an off-the-shelf laptop. The anticipated additional benefits of packaging the system include improved maintenance, reliability, documentation, and future enhancements.

Briegel, C.; Finstrom, D.; Hendricks, B.; King, C.; Lackey, S.; Neswold, R.; Nicklaus, D.; Patrick, J.; Petrov, A.; Rechenmacher, R.; Schumann, C.; /Fermilab

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

JC3 Medium Impact Assessment Bulletins | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

July 28, 2011 July 28, 2011 T-678: Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor VLAN Packet Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor VLAN Packet Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Deny Service. July 27, 2011 T-677: F5 BIG-IP BIND Negative Caching RRSIG RRsets Denial of Service Vulnerability F5 BIG-IP BIND Negative Caching RRSIG RRsets Denial of Service Vulnerability. July 26, 2011 T-676: Apple iOS Certificate Chain Validation Flaw Lets Certain Remote Users Access or Modify SSL/TLS Sessions Apple iOS Certificate Chain Validation Flaw Lets Certain Remote Users Access or Modify SSL/TLS Sessions. July 25, 2011 T-675: Apple Laptop Battery Interface Lets Local Users Deny Service Apple Laptop Battery Interface Lets Local Users Deny Service

270

Multicore: Fallout From a Computing Evolution (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)  

SciTech Connect

Summer Lecture Series 2008: Parallel computing used to be reserved for big science and engineering projects, but in two years that's all changed. Even laptops and hand-helds use parallel processors. Unfortunately, the software hasn't kept pace. Kathy Yelick, Director of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center at Berkeley Lab, describes the resulting chaos and the computing community's efforts to develop exciting applications that take advantage of tens or hundreds of processors on a single chip.

Yelick, Kathy (Director, NERSC)

2008-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

271

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Power Supply For All-Day True Wireless Mobile Computing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The primary goal of the project was to match the energy density of a commercial lithium ion battery for laptop computers. PolyFuel made large strides against this goal and has now demonstrated 270 Wh/liter compared with lithium ion energy densities of 300 Wh/liter. Further, more incremental, improvements in energy density are envisioned with an additional 20-30% gains possible in each of the next two years given further research and development.

Brian Wells

2008-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

272

Run05 Proton Beam Polarization Measurements by pC-Polarimeter (ver. 1.1)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The polarization of the proton beams [1, 2] at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC)[3] RHIC ring. The H-Jet polarimeter is located at the collision point allowing measurements of absolute normalization is provided by the hydrogen polarimeter, which measures over 1 {approx} 2 another measurement rather than measuring the absolute polarization. both beams. Two identical pC-polarimeters are equipped in the yellow and blue rings, where carbon ribbon target, providing fast feedback to beam operations and experiments. The days to obtain {approx} 5% statistical uncertainty (in Run05). Thus, the operation of the carbon is measured using both an atomic beam source hydrogen gas jet (H-Jet)[4, 5] and proton-carbon polarimeters was focused on better control of relative stability between one measurement to statistical accuracy within 20 to 30 seconds using an ultra-thin (typically 6 {approx} 8 {micro}g/cm{sup 2}) the rings are separated. The pC-polarimeter measures relative polarization to a few percent.

Nakagawa,I.; Alekseev, I.; Bazilevsky, A.; Bravar, A.; Bunce, G.; Dhawan, S.; Eyser, K.O.; Gill, R.; Haeberli, W.; Huang, H.; Makdisi, Y.; Nass, A.; Okada, H.; Stephenson, E.; Svirida, D.N.; Wise, T.; Wood, J.; Yip, K.; Zelenski, A.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Chemical Bonding, Interfaces and Defects in Hafnium Oxide/Germanium Oxynitride Gate Stacks on Ge (100)  

SciTech Connect

Correlations among interface properties and chemical bonding characteristics in HfO{sub 2}/GeO{sub x}N{sub y}/Ge MIS stacks were investigated using in-situ remote nitridation of the Ge (100) surface prior to HfO{sub 2} atomic layer deposition (ALD). Ultra thin ({approx}1.1 nm), thermally stable and aqueous etch-resistant GeO{sub x}N{sub y} interfaces layers that exhibited Ge core level photoelectron spectra (PES) similar to stoichiometric Ge{sub 3}N{sub 4} were synthesized. To evaluate GeO{sub x}N{sub y}/Ge interface defects, the density of interface states (D{sub it}) was extracted by the conductance method across the band gap. Forming gas annealed (FGA) samples exhibited substantially lower D{sub it} ({approx} 1 x 10{sup 12} cm{sup -2} eV{sup -1}) than did high vacuum annealed (HVA) and inert gas anneal (IGA) samples ({approx} 1x 10{sup 13} cm{sup -2} eV{sup -1}). Germanium core level photoelectron spectra from similar FGA-treated samples detected out-diffusion of germanium oxide to the HfO{sub 2} film surface and apparent modification of chemical bonding at the GeO{sub x}N{sub y}/Ge interface, which is related to the reduced D{sub it}.

Oshima, Yasuhiro; /Stanford U., Materials Sci. Dept.; Sun, Yun; /SLAC, SSRL; Kuzum, Duygu; /Stanford U.; Sugawara, Takuya; Saraswat, Krishna C.; Pianetta, Piero; /SLAC, SSRL; McIntyre, Paul C.; /Stanford U., Materials Sci. Dept.

2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

274

Preliminary Characterization and Analysis of the Designs and Research-Manufacturing Approaches  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of Phase I of a study entitled, Low-Cost Manufacturing Of Multilayer Ceramic Fuel Cells. The work was carried out by a group called the Multilayer Fuel Cell Alliance (MLFCA) led by NexTech Materials and including Adaptive Materials, Advanced Materials Technologies (AMT), Cobb & Co., Edison Materials Technology Center, Iowa State University, Gas Technology Institute (GTI), Northwestern University, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Ohio State University, University of Missouri-Rolla (UMR), and Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. The objective of the program is to develop advanced manufacturing technologies for making solid oxide fuel cell components that are more economical and reliable for a variety of applications. In the Phase I effort, five approaches were considered: two based on NexTech's planar approach using anode and cathode supported variations, one based on UMR's ultra-thin electrolyte approach, and two based on AMI's co-extrusion technology. Based on a detailed manufacturing cost analysis, all of the approaches are projected to result in a significantly reduced production cost. Projected costs range from $139/kW to $179/kW for planar designs. Development risks were assessed for each approach and it was determined that the NexTech and UMR approaches carried the least risk for successful development. Using advanced manufacturing methods and a proprietary high power density design, the team estimated that production costs could be reduced to $94/kW.

Scott Swartz; Gwendolyn Cheney; Williams Dawson; Michael Cobb; Kirby Meacham; James Stephan; Bob Remick; Harlan Anderson; Wayne Huebner; Aaron Crumm; John Holloran; Tim Armstrong

2000-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

275

Reactive gas atomization processing for Fe-based ODS alloys  

SciTech Connect

Gas atomization reaction synthesis was employed as a simplified method for processing oxide dispersion forming precursor Fe-based powders (e.g., Fe–Cr–Y–Hf). During this process a reactive atomization gas (i.e., Ar–O2) was used to oxidize the powder surfaces during primary break-up and rapid solidification of the molten alloy. This resulted in envelopment of the powders by an ultra-thin (t < 50 nm) metastable Cr-enriched oxide shell that was used as a vehicle to transport oxygen into the consolidated microstructure. Subsequent elevated temperature heat treatment promoted thermodynamically driven oxygen exchange reactions between trapped films of Cr-enriched oxide and internal (Y, Hf)-enriched intermetallic precipitates, resulting in highly stable nano-metric mixed oxide dispersoids (i.e., Y–Hf–O) that were identified with X-ray diffraction. Transmission electron microscopy and atom probe tomography results also revealed that the size and distribution of the dispersoids were found to depend strongly on the original rapidly solidified microstructure. To exploit this, several oxide dispersion strengthened microstructures were engineered from different powder particle size ranges, illustrating microstructural control as a function of particle solidification rate. Additionally, preliminary thermal–mechanical processing was used to develop a fine scale dislocation substructure for ultimate strengthening of the alloy.

Rieken, Joel R [Ames Laboratory; Anderson, Iver E [Ames Laboratory; Kramer, Matthew J [Ames Laboratory; Odette, G R [University of California; Stergar, E [University of California; Haney, E [University of California

2011-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

276

Hydrogen Selective Thin Palladium-Copper Composite Membranes on Alumina Supports  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thin and defect-free Pd–Cu composite membranes with high hydrogen permeances and selectivities were prepared by electroless plating of palladium and copper on porous alumina supports with pore sizes of 5 and 100 nm coated with intermediate layers. The intermediate layers on the 100 nm supports were prepared by the deposition of boehmite sols of different particle sizes, and provided a graded, uniform substrate for the formation of defect-free, ultra-thin palladium composite layers. The dependence of hydrogen flux on pressure difference was studied to understand the dominant mechanism of hydrogen transport through a Pd–Cu composite membrane plated on an alumina support with a pore size of 5 nm. The order in hydrogen pressure was 0.98, and indicated that bulk diffusion through the Pd–Cu layer was fast and the overall process was limited by external mass-transfer or a surface process. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of the Pd–Cu composite membrane showed a uniform substrate created after depositing one intermediate layer on top of the alumina support and a dense Pd–Cu composite layer with no visible defects. Cross-sectional views of the membrane showed that the Pd–Cu composite layer had a top layer thickness of 160 nm (0.16 ?m), which is much thinner than previously reported.

Lim, Hankwon; Oyama, S. Ted

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

277

Heat and water transport in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell electrode  

SciTech Connect

In the present scenario of a global initiative toward a sustainable energy future, the polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) has emerged as one of the most promising alternative energy conversion devices for various applications. Despite tremendous progress in recent years, a pivotal performance limitation in the PEFC comes from liquid water transport and the resulting flooding phenomena. Liquid water blocks the open pore space in the electrode and the fibrous diffusion layer leading to hindered oxygen transport. The electrode is also the only component in the entire PEFC sandwich which produces waste heat from the electrochemical reaction. The cathode electrode, being the host to several competing transport mechanisms, plays a crucial role in the overall PEFC performance limitation. In this work, an electrode model is presented in order to elucidate the coupled heat and water transport mechanisms. Two scenarios are specifically considered: (1) conventional, Nafion{reg_sign} impregnated, three-phase electrode with the hydrated polymeric membrane phase as the conveyer of protons where local electro-neutrality prevails; and (2) ultra-thin, two-phase, nano-structured electrode without the presence of ionomeric phase where charge accumulation due to electro-statics in the vicinity of the membrane-CL interface becomes important. The electrode model includes a physical description of heat and water balance along with electrochemical performance analysis in order to study the influence of electro-statics/electro-migration and phase change on the PEFC electrode performance.

Mukherjee, Partha P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mukundan, Rangachary [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Borup, Rod L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ranjan, Devesh [TEXAS A& M UNIV

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Work function control of hole-selective polymer/ITO anode contacts: an electrochemical doping study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel method for electrodeposition of ultra-thin films of poly-3-hexylthiophene (e-P3HT) on chemically modified indium-tin oxide (ITO) electrodes, to produce a hole-selective contact with an easily tuned work function (?), as demonstrated by a combination of spectroelectrochemistry and ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS). Selective contacts for optimized charge injection have become essential components for both thin film organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) and organic photovoltaics (OPVs). Electrochemically doped e-P3HT thin films, using counter ions such as PF{sub 6}{sup ?} do not suffer from stability issues associated with more “acidic” polymer layers (e.g. PEDOT:PSS). By controlling the oxidation state of the e-P3HT film via electrochemical doping we control the charge density within the film, resulting in an increase in work function with an increase in degree of oxidation. The method of electrochemical formation and doping of the e-P3HT film, using either constant potential step (CA) versus pulsed-potential step (PPS) protocols, has a significant secondary impact on the work function, as a result of the interface dipole effects from entrapment of these counter ions in the near-surface region of the polymer film. These results have significance for the performance of both OLEDs and OPVs built on these doped e-P3HT layers.

Ratcliff, Erin L.; Lee, Paul A.; Armstrong, Neal R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Performance of the BL4 Beamline for Surface and Interface Research at the Siam Photon Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The evaluations of the monochromator of the BL4 beamline at the Siam Photon Laboratory were carried out by gas-phase photoionization measurements. The beamline employs a varied-line-spacing plane grating monochromator, which delivers photons with energies between 20-240 eV. The resolving power of the monochromator depends strongly with the alignment of the exit slit. The designed resolving power of 5000 has been achieved. The experimental station of the beamline has been upgraded for surface and interface research. The new experimental station removes the disadvantage and expands the capabilities of the old one in such a way that photoemission experiments using synchrotron light can be performed in parallel with other in situ surface analysis techniques, as well as with preparation of other samples. The new system includes the old photoemission system and a multi-UHV-chamber system. The standard surface-sensitive techniques available in addition to photoemission spectroscopy using synchrotron light are UPS, XPS, AES and LEED. The new experimental station also includes a metal MBE system for preparing samples for the studies of ultra-thin magnetic films and metal-semiconductor interfaces.

Nakajima, Hideki [National Synchrotron Research Center, 111 University Avenue, Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand); Buddhakala, Moragote; Chumpolkulwong, Somchai; Supruangnet, Ratchadapora [School of Physics, Suranaree University of Technology, 111 University Avenue, Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand); Kakizaki, Akito [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 227-8581 (Japan); Songsiriritthigul, Prayoon [National Synchrotron Research Center, 111 University Avenue, Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand); School of Physics, Suranaree University of Technology, 111 University Avenue, Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand)

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

280

U-059: Blackberry PlayBook File Sharing Option Lets Local Users Gain  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Blackberry PlayBook File Sharing Option Lets Local Users 9: Blackberry PlayBook File Sharing Option Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges U-059: Blackberry PlayBook File Sharing Option Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges December 13, 2011 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Blackberry PlayBook File Sharing Option Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges. PLATFORM: BlackBerry PlayBook tablet software version 1.0.8.4985 and earlier ABSTRACT: A local user can obtain root privileges on the target tablet system. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID:1026386 Vulnerability Summary for CVE-2011-0291 BlackBerry Technical Solution Center IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A vulnerability was reported in Blackberry PlayBook. A local user can obtain elevated privileges on the target system. On a tablet with File Sharing enabled and connected via USB to a system running BlackBerry

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Value of a Smart Grid System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Smart Grid Opportunities 1: Smart Grid Opportunities Remarkable things happen when economic forces and new technology converge. Consider how the the Internet -- combined with new, affordable consumer electronics like laptops, cell phones, HDTV, MP3s, etc. -- has fundamentally changed the way in which people live, work and communicate. A broad range of industries have embraced technology in their quest to improve productivity, reduce costs and improve customer service. Today, the energy sector has a unique opportunity to leverage similar transformational possibilities as a as a range of forces converge: * Volatile energy costs * Rising costs of capital, raw materials and labor * Aging infrastructure and workforce * Continuing national security concerns * Increasing environment awareness

282

Inspection Report: IG-0660 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

60 60 Inspection Report: IG-0660 August 30, 2004 Inspection Report on "Internal Controls Over the Accountability of Computers at Sandia National Laboratory, New Mexico The Office of Inspector General initiated an inspection to determine the adequacy of internal controls over the extensive inventory of laptop and desktop computers at Sandia National Laboratory, New Mexico. Computers are used in the full range of operations at Sandia, to include processing classified information. Department of Energy (DOE) and Sandia property policies identify computers as "sensitive property," due largely to their susceptibility to theft and misappropriation. Inspection Report: IG-0660 More Documents & Publications Inspection Report: IG-0597 Inspection Report: IG-0455

283

Inspection Report: IG-0762 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 Inspection Report: IG-0762 March 28, 2007 Internal Controls Over Computer Property at the Department's Counterintelligence Directorate The Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence conducts AND OBJECTIVE technical analyses of foreign intelligence for the Department of Energy (DOE), including the National Nuclear Security Administration, and the United States Intelligence Community. The Counterintelligence Directorate (CN), which is part of the Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, is responsible for protecting DOE information against espionage or other intelligence activities by foreign entities. In support of this mission, CN procures and maintains computer processing equipment such as desktop computers, laptop computers, and computer servers. DOE considers computer

284

2003 CBECS Pre-Test Questionnaire  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

HOW TO USE THIS QUESTIONNAIRE The 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) will be conducted using a computer- assisted interview programmed using a software called Blaise. A professional interviewer will administer the questionnaire to the building respondent using a laptop computer. The purpose of this paper representation of the questionnaire is to document the question text, fills, and skip patterns within the 2012 CBECS questionnaire. PLEASE NOTE: All the question fills and skip patterns were handled automatically by the software and will be transparent to the interviewer, so this document appears much more complex that the actual CBECS instrument. Each question is formatted as follows: A1 Question name SASVAR ASK

285

Slide 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

August August 31, 2012 Injury/Illness Cases - August 2012 * Lower back strain * The Human Resources Assistant repetitively corrected workstation chair position due to uneven floor in temporary cubicle space. Over time the repetitive muscular stresses associated with "scooting" the chair caused a lower back strain. * Strain of shoulder region, neck and thumb * The Computer Science Postdoc Fellow experienced strain of multiple regions while using laptop computer at two different workstations and at home without a remote keyboard. 2 Environment / Health / Safety / Security DIVISION Ergonomic Injury/Illness Cases - August 2012 * Strain of upper extremities (forearm and above) * The Administrator began experiencing discomfort symptoms after relocation

286

Inspection Report: IG-0628 | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 8 Inspection Report: IG-0628 December 5, 2003 Internal Controls Over Classified Computers and Classified Removable Media at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Computers are used extensively in the full range of operations at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (Livermore), including processing classified national security information. Livermore reported an inventory of 86 classified laptop computers and 1,141 classified desktop computers as of March 2003. In addition, Livermore reported approximately 15,000 pieces of classified removable media. Department of Energy (DOE) policy requires strict inventory controls over classified computers and classified removable media. Inspection Report: IG-0628 More Documents & Publications Inspection Report: IG-0716

287

Microstructural investigations of rare-earth transition-metal-based magnetocaloric materials for near-room-temperature applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LOGO LOGO Spomenka Kobe, Paul McGuiness, Boris Saje Jožef Stefan Institute Rare-Earth Permanent Magnets in Europe KOLEKTOR *China's Complete Control of Global High-Tech Magnet Industry Rare-earth minerals are used in: rechargeable batteries (in camcorders), cell phones, PDAs, laptop computers and other portable devices.. wind turbines, drinking water filters, petrochemical catalysts, polishing powders, hydrogen storage, fluorescent lighting, flat panels, color televisions, glass, ceramics and automotive catalysts. fiberoptics, dental and surgical lasers, MRI systems, as medical contrast agents, in medical isotopes and in positron emission tomography scintillation detectors. magnetic refrigeration rechargeable batteries used in hybrid vehicles permanent magnets

288

+  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interim Inspection Report Inspection of Internal Controls Over Personal Computers at Los Alamos National Laboratory DOE/IG-0597 April 2003 INSPECTION OF INTERNAL CONTROLS OVER PERSONAL COMPUTERS AT LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY TABLE OF CONTENTS OVERVIEW Introduction and Objective 1 Observations and Conclusions 2 DETAILS OF FINDINGS 3 Purchase Card Acquisitions of Computers 3 Continued Use of Purchase Cards 4 Discrepancies in List of Classified Computers 5 Unlocated Computers 6 Reporting of Stolen Laptop Computers 7 Financial Liability 7 Summary 7 RECOMMENDATIONS 8 MANAGEMENT COMMENTS 8 INSPECTOR COMMENTS 9 APPENDIX A. Scope and Methodology 10

289

Mobile technology for crime scene examination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the concept of distributed cognition is used to inform the design, development and trialling of technologies to support Crime Scene Examination is reported. A user trial, with trainee Crime Scene Examiners, was conducted to compare the ... Keywords: Annotated images, Crime scene examination, Distributed cognition, Evidence management, Tablet computers, Wearable computers

Chris Baber; Paul Smith; Mark Butler; James Cross; John Hunter

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Emerging trends in mobile OS platforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Smartphones with a market penetration of over 31% in US among mobile users have become a mass-market product within a short 4-year period since the launch of iPhone. Tablets are showing similar trajectory in terms of ...

Mohammed, Irfan, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

HomeTree --- an art inspired mobile eco-feedback visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents HomeTree a prototype of an art-inspired mobile eco-feedback system. The system is implemented on a tablet PC and relies on a non-intrusive energy-monitoring infrastructure to access consumption and power event information. Our prototype ... Keywords: aesthetics, art driven ecofeedback, effective computing, prototyping, sustainability, user interfaces

Filipe Quintal; Valentina Nisi; Nuno Nunes; Mary Barreto; Lucas Pereira

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Study on the Release Property of Nitrogen in Sustained-release Fertilizer with Carrier of Bentonite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mineral bentonite as the carrier of raw fertilizer NH4H2PO4", " added urea-formaldehyde resin to bond and mixed them, then made the bentonite carrier slow release nitrogen fertilizer by electric tablet press machine. Through the method of water dissolution ... Keywords: Bentonite, Sustained-release fertilizer, Carrier, Nitrogen element

Li Wangwang, Huang Chengcheng, Xie Huixing, Bi Yafan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Papiercraft: A gesture-based command system for interactive paper  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Paper persists as an integral component of active reading and other knowledge-worker tasks because it provides ease of use unmatched by digital alternatives. Paper documents are light to carry, easy to annotate, rapid to navigate, flexible to ... Keywords: Paper interfaces, distributed systems, gesture-based interfaces, marking interfaces, paper-augmented digital documents, tablet computers, ubiquitous computing

Chunyuan Liao; François Guimbretière; Ken Hinckley; Jim Hollan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

A REVIEW OF 137 Cs TRANSFER TO FUNGI AND CONSEQUENCES FOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

........................................................................................................... 43 #12;3 1. Introduction Since the Chernobyl incident in 1986, a great deal of research has been tablets, and sheltering, but, as shown by the experience after Chernobyl, consideration should also, May 1986, resulting from the Chernobyl incident. Spatial resolution is 5Ã?5 km. #12;7 Cell-level data

Crout, Neil

295

Pen + touch = new tools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe techniques for direct pen+touch input. We observe people's manual behaviors with physical paper and notebooks. These serve as the foundation for a prototype Microsoft Surface application, centered on note-taking and scrapbooking of materials. ... Keywords: bimanual, gestures, pen, systems, tabletop, tablets, touch

Ken Hinckley; Koji Yatani; Michel Pahud; Nicole Coddington; Jenny Rodenhouse; Andy Wilson; Hrvoje Benko; Bill Buxton

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

ZoomPointing revisited: supporting mixed-resolution gesturing on interactive surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we explore the design of multi-resolution input on multi-touch devices. We devised a refined zooming technique named Offset, where the target is set at a location offset from the non-dominant hand while the dominant hand controls the direction ... Keywords: mixed-resolution gesturing, offset, tablet interaction

Matei Negulescu; Jaime Ruiz; Edward Lank

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Manual deskterity: an exploration of simultaneous pen + touch direct input  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Manual Deskterity is a prototype digital drafting table that supports both pen and touch input. We explore a division of labor between pen and touch that flows from natural human skill and differentiation of roles of the hands. We also explore the simultaneous ... Keywords: bimanual input, gestures, pen, tabletop, tablets, touch

Ken Hinckley; Koji Yatani; Michel Pahud; Nicole Coddington; Jenny Rodenhouse; Andy Wilson; Hrvoje Benko; Bill Buxton

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

A NEW SUBJECTIVE PROCEDURE FOR EVALUATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF TEXTURE SIMILARITY METRICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Officer National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) / LAN Anil Karmel is the M&O Chief Technology Officer for the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) / LANL. Within the NNSA, Mr. Karmel serves, tablets and zero clients. The solutions form the basis of the DOE/NNSA's Network Vision (2NV), a Right

Pappas, Thrasyvoulos N.

299

Elderly text-entry performance on touchscreens  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Touchscreen devices have become increasingly popular. Yet they lack of tactile feedback and motor stability, making it difficult effectively typing on virtual keyboards. This is even worse for elderly users and their declining motor abilities, particularly ... Keywords: elderly, mobile, tablet, text-entry, touchscreen, tremor

Hugo Nicolau; Joaquim Jorge

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

ORDER TOTAL FOR ALL PAGES: CUSTOMER DETAILS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2.80£ -£ Dishwash Tablets - sml , Ecover, 25x20g 5.35£ -£ Natural Eucalyptus Disinfectant , Bio - D, 1l 2.70£ -£ Dishwash Rinse Aid , Ecover, 500ml 3.50£ -£ Toilet Cleaner - with nozzle , Bio - D, 750

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Stroke-Based Cursive Character Recognition K.C. Santosh*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engine. In what follows, we explain the importance of on-line handwriting recognition over off significant reduction in memory and therefore space complexity. Another advantage is that the digital pen or a digital form on a tablet device immediately transforms your handwriting into a digital representation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

302

Nuclear Science Division 1994 annual report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the activities of the Nuclear Science Division for the period of January 1, 1994, to December 31, 1994. This was a time of significant accomplishment for all of the programs in the Division. Assembly of the solar neutrino detector at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory is well under way. All of the components fabricated by LBL were shipped to Sudbury early in the year and our efforts are now divided between assisting the assembly of the detector and preparing software for data analysis once the detector is operational in 1996. Much of the activity at the 88-Inch Cyclotron centered on Gammasphere. The {open_quotes}early implementation{close_quotes} phase of the detector ended in September. This phase was extremely successful, involving over 60 experiments with nearly 200 users from 37 institutions worldwide. The mechanical structure was installed and the final electronic system is expected to operate in March 1995. The Division concurrently hosted a conference on physics for large {gamma}-ray detector arrays at the Clark Kerr Campus at UC Berkeley in August. This was a very successful meeting, reflecting the enthusiasm for this field worldwide. Also at the Cyclotron, the progress toward weak interaction experiments using ultra-thin sources passed a major milestone with the trapping of radioactive {sup 21}Na atoms. We are now engaged in a major upgrade of the experimental area and the outlook is very promising for these novel experiments. Another highlight of research at the Cyclotron was the confirmation of element 106. This development allowed the original LLNL/LBL discovery team to move forward with their proposal to name this element seaborgium.

Myers, W.D. [ed.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Surface structures from low energy electron diffraction: Atoms, small molecules and an ordered ice film on metal surfaces  

SciTech Connect

We investigated the surface bonding of various adsorbates (0, S, C{sub 2}H{sub 3} and NO) along with the resulting relaxation of the Pt(111) surface using low energy electron diffiraction (LEED). LEED experiments have been performed on these ordered overlayers along with theoretical structural analysis using automated tensor LEED (ATLEED). The resulting surface structures of these ordered overlayers exhibit similar adsorbate-induced relaxations. In all cases the adsorbate occupies the fcc hollow site and induces an approximately 0.1 A buckling of the metal surface. The three metal atoms directly bonded to the adsorbate are ``pulled`` out of the surface and the metal atom that is not bound to the adsorbate is `pushed`` inward. In order to understand the reliability of such details, we have carried out a comprehensive study of various non-structural parameters used in a LEED computation. We also studied the adsorption of water on the Pt(lll) surface. We ordered an ultra thin ice film on this surface. The film`s surface is found to be the (0001) face of hexagonal ice. This surface is apparently terminated by a full-bilayer, in which the uppermost water molecules have large vibrational amplitudes even at temperatures as low as 90 K. We examined two other metal surfaces besides Pt(111): Ni(111) and Fe(lll). On Ni(111), we have studied the surface under a high coverage of NO. On both Ni(111) and Pt(111) NO molecules occupy the hollow sites and the N-0 bond distances are practically identical. The challenging sample preparation of an Fe(111) surface has been investigated and a successful procedure has been obtained. The small interlayer spacing found on Fe(111) required special treatment in the LEED calculations. A new ATLEED program has been developed to handle this surface.

Materer, N.F.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

COST-EFFECTIVE METHOD FOR PRODUCING SELF SUPPORTED PALLADIUM ALLOY MEMBRANES FOR USE IN EFFICIENT PRODUCTION OF COAL DERIVED HYDROGEN  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In the past quarter, significant progress has been made in optimize the deposition and release characteristics of ultrathin (less than 4 micron) membranes from rigid silicon substrates. Specifically, we have conducted a series of statistically designed experiments to examine the effects of plasma cleaning and compliant layer deposition conditions on the stress, release and pinhole density of membranes deposited on 4 inch and 6 inch round substrates. With this information we have progressed to the deposition and release of ultra-thin membranes from 12-inch diameter (113 sq. in.) rigid substrates, achieving a key milestone for large-area membrane fabrication. Idatech received and is beginning preparations to test the Pd alloy membranes fabricated at SwRI the previous quarter. They are currently evaluating alternate gasketing methods and support materials that will allow for effective sealing and mounting of such thin membranes. David Edlund has also recently left Idatech and Bill Pledger (Chief Engineer) has replaced him as the primary technical point of contact. At Idetech's request a small number of additional 16 sq. in, samples were provided in a 2 in. by 8 in. geometry for use in a new module design currently under development. Recent work at the Colorado School of Mines has focused on developing preconditioning methods for thin Pd alloy membranes (6 microns or less) and continuing tests of thin membranes produced at SwRI. Of particular note, a 300-hour short-term durability study was completed over a range of temperatures from 300-450 C on a foil that showed perfect hydrogen selectivity throughout the entire test. With a 20 psi driving force, pure hydrogen flow rates ranged from 500 to 700 cc/min. Calculated at DOE specified conditions, the H{sub 2} flux of this membrane exceeded the 2010 Fossil target value of 200 SCFH/ft{sup 2}.

J. Arps

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Study of Hydrophobic and Ionizable Hydrophilic Copolymers at Polymer/Solid and Polymer/Liquid Interfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Joint experimental-computational efforts were set to characterize the interfacial effects on the structure and dynamics of polymers consisting of highly rigid hydrophilic-ionizable and hydrophobic sub-units within one polymeric chain casted into thin films of several molecular dimensions. Focusing on the ultra thin film region we separate out the interfacial effects from bulk characteristics. Specifically, the study sought to: identify the parameters that control the formation of a stable polymer-solid interface. The study consists of two components, experimental investigations and computational efforts. The experimental component was designed to derive empirical trends that can be used to correlate the set of coupled polymer molecular parameters with the interfacial characteristics of these polymers, and their response to presence of solvents. The computational study was designed to provide molecular insight into the ensemble averages provided by the experimental efforts on multiple length scales from molecular dimensions, to the nanometer lengths to a macroscopic understanding of solvent interactions with structured polymers. With the ultimate goal of correlating molecular parameters to structure, dynamics and properties of ionic polymers, the first stage of the research began with the study of two systems, one which allowed tailoring the flexibility of the backbone without the presence of ionic groups, but with a potential to sulfonate groups at a later stage, and a polymer whose backbone is rigid and the density of the ionic group can be varied. The combined experimental and computational studies significantly extended the understanding of polymers at interfaces from model systems to polydispersed copolymers with blocks of varying nature and complexity. This new insight directly affects the design of polymers for sustainable energy applications from batteries and fuel cells to solar energy.

Perahia, Dvora

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Composite metal-hydrogen electrodes for metal-hydrogen batteries. Final report, October 1, 1993--April 15, 1997  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this project is to develop and conduct a feasibility study of metallic thin films (multilayered and alloy composition) produced by advanced sputtering techniques for use as anodes in Ni-metal hydrogen batteries that would be deposited as distinct anode, electrolyte and cathode layers in thin film devices. The materials could also be incorporated in secondary consumer batteries (i.e. type AF(4/3 or 4/5)) which use electrodes in the form of tapes. The project was based on pioneering studies of hydrogen uptake by ultra-thin Pd-capped Nb films, these studies suggested that materials with metal-hydrogen ratios exceeding those of commercially available metal hydride materials and fast hydrogen charging and discharging kinetics could be produced. The project initially concentrated on gas phase and electrochemical studies of Pd-capped niobium films in laboratory-scale NiMH cells. This extended the pioneering work to the wet electrochemical environment of NiMH batteries and exploited advanced synchrotron radiation techniques not available during the earlier work to conduct in-situ studies of such materials during hydrogen charging and discharging. Although batteries with fast charging kinetics and hydrogen-metal ratios approaching unity could be fabricated, it was found that oxidation, cracking and corrosion in aqueous solutions made pure Nb films and multilayers poor candidates for battery application. The project emphasis shifted to alloy films based on known elemental materials used for NiMH batteries. Although commercial NiMH anode materials contain many metals, it was found that 0.24 {mu}m thick sputtered Zr-Ni films cycled at least 50 times with charging efficiencies exceeding 95% and [H]/[M] ratios of 0.7-1.0. Multilayered or thicker Zr-Ni films could be candidates for a thin film NiMH battery that may have practical applications as an integrated power source for modern electronic devices.

Ruckman, M.W.; Strongin, M.; Weismann, H. [and others

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Self-constructive high-rate system energy modeling for battery-powered mobile systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

System energy models are important for energy optimization and management in mobile systems. However, existing system energy models are built in a lab setting with the help from a second computer. Not only are they labor-intensive; but also they do not adequately account for the great diversity in the hardware and usage of mobile systems. Moreover, existing system energy models are intended for energy estimation for time intervals of one second or longer; they do not provide the required rate for fine-grain use such as per-application energy accounting. In this work, we study a self-modeling paradigm in which a mobile system automatically generates its energy model without any external assistance. Our solution, Sesame, leverages the possibility of self power measurement through the smart battery interface and employs a suite of novel techniques to achieve accuracy and rate much higher than that of the smart battery interface. We report the implementation and evaluation of Sesame on a laptop and a smartphone. The experiment results show that Sesame is able to generate system energy models of 95 % accuracy at one estimation per second and of 88 % accuracy at one estimation per 10 ms, without any external assistance. Two fiveday field studies with four laptop and four smartphones users further demonstrate the effectiveness, efficiency, and noninvasiveness of Sesame.

Mian Dong; Lin Zhong

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Automatic IEEE 802.11 rate control for streaming applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Streaming multimedia content in real-time over a wireless link is a challenging task because of the rapid fluctuations in link conditions that can occur due to movement, interference, and so on. The popular IEEE 802.11 standard includes low-level tuning parameters like the transmission rate. Standard device drivers for today’s wireless products are based on gathering statistics, and consequently, adapt rather slowly to changes in conditions. To meet the strict latency requirements of streaming applications, we designed and implemented an advanced hybrid control algorithm that uses signal-strength (SNR) information to achieve fast responses. Since SNR readings are quite noisy we do not use that information to directly control the rate setting, but rather as a safeguard limiting the range of feasible settings to choose from. We report on real-time experiments involving two laptops equipped with IEEE 802.11a wireless interface cards. The results show that using SNR information greatly enhances responsiveness in comparison to statistics-based rate controllers. Finally, we will present the results of an experiment with realtime video streaming to a moving laptop in an office-like environment. Our hybrid control algorithm effectively prevented many packets losses, thereby achieving a much higher video quality than 1 the statistics based algorithm.

Ivaylo Haratcherev; Jacco Taal; Koen Langendoen; Reginald Lagendijk; Henk Sips

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Some new applications of supercapacitors in power electronic systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores some new applications in power electronics for supercapacitors. This involves the design and development of dc-dc converters to interface the supercapacitor banks with the rest of the power electronic system. Two applications for supercapacitors are proposed and analyzed. The first application is aimed at high power applications such as motor drives. The proposed approach compensates the effect of voltage sags in the dc link of typical adjustable speed drives, thus reducing speed fluctuations in the motor and eliminating the possibility of nuisance tripping on the drive control board. The second approach presented in this thesis explores the use of supercapacitors to extend run-time for mobile devices such as laptop computers and hand held devices. Three possible approaches are explored: a) Supercapacitors connected directly across the battery; b) Battery-inductor-supercapacitor connection; and c) Supercapacitor, and battery connected via a DC-DC converter. Analytical models, simulation and experimental results on a typical laptop computer are presented.

Palma Fanjul, Leonardo Manuel

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Power Supply For All-Day True Wireless Mobile Computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PolyFuel has developed state-of-the-art portable fuel cell technology for the portable computing market. A novel approach to passive water recycling within the MEA has led to significant system simplification and size reduction. Miniature stack technology with very high area utilization and minimalist seals has been developed. A highly integrated balance of plant with very low parasitic losses has been constructed around the new stack design. Demonstration prototype systems integrated with laptop computers have been shown in recent months to leading OEM computer manufacturers. PolyFuel intends to provide this technology to its customers as a reference design as a means of accelerating the commercialization of portable fuel cell technology. The primary goal of the project was to match the energy density of a commercial lithium ion battery for laptop computers. PolyFuel made large strides against this goal and has now demonstrated 270 Wh/liter compared with lithium ion energy densities of 300 Wh/liter. Further, more incremental, improvements in energy density are envisioned with an additional 20-30% gains possible in each of the next two years given further research and development.

Brian Wells

2008-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

311

Proof-of-principle measurements for an NDA-based core discharge monitor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The feasibility of using nondestructive assay instruments as a core discharge monitor for CANDU reactors was investigated at the Ontario Hydro Bruce Nuclear Generating Station A, Unit 3, in Ontario, Canada. The measurements were made to determine if radiation signatures from discharged irradiated fuel could be measured unambiguously and used to count the number of fuel pushes from a reactor face. Detectors using the ({gamma},n) reaction thresholds of beryllium and deuterium collected the data, but data from shielded and unshielded ion chambers were collected as well. The detectors were placed on a fueling trolley that carried the fueling machine between the reactors and the central service area. A microprocessor-based electronics system (the GRAND-I, which also resided on the trolley) provided detector biases and preamplifier power and acquired and transferred the data. It was connected by an RS-232 serial link to a lap-top computer adjacent to the fueling control console in the main-reactor control room. The lap-top computer collected and archived the data on a 3.5-in. floppy disk. The results clearly showed such an approach to be a adaptable as a core discharge monitor. 4 refs., 8 figs.

Halbig, J.K. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Monticone, A.C. (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Clay  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Clay Clay Nature Bulletin No. 435-A November 27, 1971 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation CLAY When Nebuchadnezzar was king of Babylon in the 6th century B.C., messages were sent and records kept by writing on little pillow-shaped tablets of soft wet clay. They were baked in the sun. Those clay tablets are still found by the thousands in ruins of ancient cities excavated in that dry climate. The Babylonians also sun-dried bricks of clay and straw for building, as the Israelites did during their captivity in Egypt. This process spread to Spain and Mexico and our American Southwest. Called "adobe", in regions with little rainfall it has the advantages of being cheap, fireproof, cool in summer and warm in winter.

313

JC3 High Impact Assessment Bulletins | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 22, 2013 May 22, 2013 V-161: IBM Maximo Asset Management Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilities Asset and Service Mgmt Products - Potential security exposure when using JavaTM based applications due to vulnerabilities in Java Software Developer Kits. May 17, 2013 V-158: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in BlackBerry Tablet OS, which can be exploited by malicious people to bypass certain security restrictions and compromise a user's system. May 16, 2013 V-157: Adobe Reader / Acrobat Multiple Vulnerabilities These updates address vulnerabilities that could cause a crash and potentially allow an attacker to take control of the affected system May 14, 2013 V-155: Apache Tomcat FORM Authenticator Lets Remote Users Conduct Session

314

Feedback Wanted: Help the Energy Department Go Mobile, Open Data! |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Feedback Wanted: Help the Energy Department Go Mobile, Open Data! Feedback Wanted: Help the Energy Department Go Mobile, Open Data! Feedback Wanted: Help the Energy Department Go Mobile, Open Data! August 13, 2012 - 4:35pm Addthis The Energy Department’s main site, Energy.gov and its contents, are now available on the go. This allows users to access the Energy Departments’ resources over a variety of mobile devices such as smart phones and tablets. The Energy Department's main site, Energy.gov and its contents, are now available on the go. This allows users to access the Energy Departments' resources over a variety of mobile devices such as smart phones and tablets. Alex Cohen Alex Cohen Senior Digital Information Strategist The Energy Department needs your feedback! To support the Federal Digital Strategy, the Department has created mobile

315

JC3 High Impact Assessment Bulletins | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31, 2013 31, 2013 V-081: Wireshark Multiple Vulnerabilities Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in Wireshark January 30, 2013 V-080: Apple iOS Multiple Vulnerabilities Apple iOS Multiple Vulnerabilities January 25, 2013 V-077: Barracuda SSL VPN Bug Lets Remote Users Bypass Authentication A remote user can gain administrative access to the target system. January 18, 2013 V-072: Red Hat update for java-1.7.0-openjdk Red Hat has issued an update for java-1.7.0-openjdk. January 15, 2013 V-069: BlackBerry Tablet OS Adobe Flash Player and Samba Multiple Vulnerabilities Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in BlackBerry Tablet OS January 11, 2013 V-067: Oracle Java Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code Oracle Java Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code

316

In-place Annotation of Physical Objects with Pico- Projectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Just as we annotate digital documents with digital annotations for collaborative work, we frequently annotate physical objects using physical annotations (e.g. by using Post-It notes). In the physical world, we are limited by the size of the physical Post-It note, and further, too many Post-It notes clutter the physical space. In this work, we explore the use of handheld projectors combined with a tablet to create digital annotations for physical objects, and to visualize these annotations around such physical objects. Our design allows people to use a flashlight metaphor for visualizing digital “post-it ” notes, which can be created in-place by pointing the projector at an object, and then adding the annotation using the tablet. We realized this design in a prototype to informally assess the effectiveness of the metaphors we used, and to gather suggestions for future work in this area.

Richard Tang; Anthony Tang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Introducing a More Responsive Energy.gov | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

a More Responsive Energy.gov a More Responsive Energy.gov Introducing a More Responsive Energy.gov November 12, 2013 - 9:56am Addthis Energy.gov now provides a browsing experience tailored to the device you're using. Energy.gov now provides a browsing experience tailored to the device you're using. Rob Roberts Rob Roberts Director of Digital Strategy What does this mean for me? Energy.gov is now optimized to provide a better browsing experience for mobile environments, like tablets and smartphones. We've also made improvements to our database of tax credits, rebates and savings and increased the visibility of our popular Energy Saver content. Leave a comment about Energy.gov and how we can continue to improve. You may have noticed some changes to Energy.gov today, especially if you're looking at our site on a smartphone or a tablet. Over the weekend, we

318

Field Force Data Visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the development of a prototype data visualization app for utility workers. By using commercially available tablet technology, open standards, and open source software, utilities may be able to improve data capabilities of deployed field crews with modest investment in technology.BackgroundUtilities have been investing heavily in communications and information technology (IT) infrastructure in the past several years.  While strides are being ...

2012-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

319

Field Guide: Compressors for High-Voltage Circuit Breakers, Optimized for Electronic Viewing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-voltage circuit breakers perform essential protection and control functions on power transmission networks. A circuit breaker that fails to operate within its design time period may cause serious damage and extended outages. Proper maintenance of compressors can help to ensure that breakers operate reliably and can prevent premature failures. This field guide, which has been optimized for use on electronic devices such as smart phones and tablets, is intended to help utility field personnel properly...

2011-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

320

Field Guide: Inspection of Transmission Line Grounding Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI report, one in a series of practical guides designed as reference aids for utility personnel working in the field, visually catalogs the various condition issues that commonly affect transmission line grounding systems. It presents photographs and short written descriptions of the conditions and lists associated causes, failure modes, and impacts.The downloadable PDF for this product is optimized for viewing on electronic devices such as tablets. For Android devices, Adobe ...

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

OSTIblog Recent comments  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

comments/rss en Good to know comments/rss en Good to know http://www.osti.gov/home/ostiblog/mixing-sciencegov-coffee-and-laptop#comment-1222 I didn't know that kind of information is available on science.gov! This would be really helpful for my Dad who is now in his 70s and is always prescribed different drugs for common aging ailments. Thanks, Cathey! Wed, 25 Sep 2013 15:20:57 +0000 comment 1222 at http://www.osti.gov/home The Manhattan Project -- Its Immediate Influences http://www.osti.gov/home/ostiblog/manhattan-project-its-immediate-influences#comment-1136 "The Manhattan Project -- Its Immediate Influences" and the Wikipedia article about the Manhattan Project do have something very specific in common. Please note that one of the Wikipedia 'References', under 'General,

322

Total....................................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5.6 5.6 17.7 7.9 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer.................................. 35.5 8.1 5.6 2.5 Use a Personal Computer.............................................. 75.6 17.5 12.1 5.4 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model......................................................... 58.6 14.1 10.0 4.0 Laptop Model............................................................. 16.9 3.4 2.1 1.3 Hours Turned on Per Week Less than 2 Hours..................................................... 13.6 3.4 2.5 0.9 2 to 15 Hours............................................................. 29.1 7.0 4.8 2.3 16 to 40 Hours........................................................... 13.5 2.8 2.1 0.7 41 to 167 Hours......................................................... 6.3

323

"Table HC8.12 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Urban/Rural Location, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Urban/Rural Location, 2005" 2 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Urban/Rural Location, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Urban/Rural Location (as Self-Reported)" ,"Housing Units (millions)" "Home Electronics Usage Indicators",,"City","Town","Suburbs","Rural" "Total",111.1,47.1,19,22.7,22.3 "Personal Computers" "Do Not Use a Personal Computer",35.5,16.9,6.5,4.6,7.6 "Use a Personal Computer",75.6,30.3,12.5,18.1,14.7 "Most-Used Personal Computer" "Type of PC" "Desk-top Model",58.6,22.9,9.8,14.1,11.9 "Laptop Model",16.9,7.4,2.7,4,2.9 "Hours Turned on Per Week" "Less than 2 Hours",13.6,5.7,1.8,2.9,3.2

324

"Table HC11.12 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Northeast Census Region, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Northeast Census Region, 2005" 2 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Northeast Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Northeast Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total Northeast" "Home Electronics Usage Indicators",,,"Middle Atlantic","New England" "Total",111.1,20.6,15.1,5.5 "Personal Computers" "Do Not Use a Personal Computer",35.5,6.9,5.3,1.6 "Use a Personal Computer",75.6,13.7,9.8,3.9 "Most-Used Personal Computer" "Type of PC" "Desk-top Model",58.6,10.4,7.3,3.1 "Laptop Model",16.9,3.3,2.6,0.7 "Hours Turned on Per Week" "Less than 2 Hours",13.6,2.4,1.8,0.6

325

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Energy Asset Score  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Asset Score Energy Asset Score Photo of a laptop with energy asset score image on the screen The free online Asset Scoring Tool will generate a score based on inputs about the building envelope and buildling systems (heating, ventilation, cooling, lighting, and service hot water). Launch Energy Asset Score The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is developing a Commercial Building Energy Asset Score (Asset Score) program to allow building owners and managers to more accurately assess building energy performance. The Asset Score program will act as a national standard and will include the Commercial Building Energy Asset Scoring Tool (Asset Scoring Tool) to evaluate the physical characteristics and as-built energy efficiency of buildings. The Asset Scoring Tool will identify cost-effective energy efficient improvements that, if implemented, can reduce energy bills and potentially improve building asset value. View the Asset Score fact sheet for a brief overview of the program.

326

A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Better Anode Design to Improve A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries Print Friday, 23 March 2012 13:53 Lithium-ion batteries are in smart phones, laptops, most other consumer electronics, and the newest electric cars. Good as these batteries are, the need for energy storage in batteries is surpassing current technologies. In a lithium-ion battery, charge moves from the cathode to the anode, a critical component for storing energy. A team of Berkeley Lab scientists has designed a new kind of anode that absorbs eight times the lithium of current designs, and has maintained its greatly increased energy capacity after more than a year of testing and many hundreds of charge-discharge cycles. Cyclical Science Succeeds

327

Audit Report: IG-0768  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Facility Contractor Acquisition and Facility Contractor Acquisition and Management of Information Technology Hardware DOE/IG-0768 June 2007 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 J u n e 2 2 , 2007 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: + e Greg ry . n e man Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Audit Report on "Facility Contractor Acquisition and Management of Information Technology Hardware" BACKGROUND The Department of Energy relies heavily on information technology (IT) to accomplish its science, weapons, energy supply and environmental mission objectives. In the past three years, the Department has spent more than $400 million on IT hardware to facilitate these efforts. Items routinely acquired by the Department included desktop and laptop computers and associated peripherals, personal digital assistants, and network

328

Dryer | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dryer Dryer Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

329

apartment | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

apartment apartment Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

330

Missouri Lithium-Ion Battery Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Secretary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Missouri Lithium-Ion Battery Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Missouri Lithium-Ion Battery Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Poneman Missouri Lithium-Ion Battery Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Poneman February 9, 2012 - 4:25pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - Today, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman toured Dow Kokam's new global battery research and development center, located in Lee's Summit, Missouri, outside of Kansas City, to highlight America's investments in cutting-edge energy innovations that are laying the building blocks for an American economy built to last. The R&D center aims to bring next-generation lithium-ion battery solutions to the market faster, increase battery performance and reduce their overall cost. Lithium batteries are used in a variety of everyday products from laptops to cell

331

Charging Up in King County, Washington | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Charging Up in King County, Washington Charging Up in King County, Washington Charging Up in King County, Washington Addthis Description King County, Washington is spearheading a regional effort to develop a network of electric vehicle charging stations. It is also improving its vehicle fleet and made significant improvements to a low-income senior housing development. Speakers Dow Constantine, LeAnn Oliver, Jay Inslee, Sheda Sahandy Duration 2:38 Topic Alternative Fuel Vehicles Clean Cities Credit Energy Department Video It's not so much gears and oil anymore as computers and laptops. King County is working with our regional partners, governments, utilities to push electrical infrastructure out into the community so that we can provide the basis for a new market for electric cars in our region.

332

ATLAS Calorimeter | Brookhaven and the LHC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ATLAS Calorimeter ATLAS Calorimeter liquid argon calorimeter Brookhaven physicist Denis Damazio controls the front end crate of the barrel liquid argon calorimeter in ATLAS with his laptop. The ATLAS calorimeter measures the energies of charged and neutral particles. It consists of metal plates (absorbers) and sensing elements. Interactions in the absorbers transform the energy into a "shower" of particles that are detected by the sensing elements. In the inner sections of the calorimeter, the sensing element is liquid argon. This piece of the detector, called the liquid argon calorimeter, consists of radial layers of accordion-shaped lead plates separated by thin layers of liquid argon and electrodes. The accordion geometry has the advantage of reducing the time needed for the signals to reach the

333

No Slide Title  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

January 31, 2012 January 31, 2012 These slides are updated on a monthly basis as soon as data are reasonably final for the preceding month. Hours worked are estimated monthly and updated with final and actual values quarterly. Every effort is made to present accurate and final data. However, changes may occur in subsequent months as additional information becomes available and as developments change the recordability of some cases. Refer questions about these charts to rwfisher@lbl.gov 2 Injury/Illness Cases - January 2012 Ergonomic (keyboard/mouse) * Repetitive strain multiple upper extremities - The Computer Systems Engineer developed acute symptoms of pain and discomfort of the shoulders and upper extremities after using a laptop computer while on travel. Less than

334

Total.......................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.2 4.2 7.6 16.6 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer ................... 35.5 6.4 2.2 4.2 Use a Personal Computer................................ 75.6 17.8 5.3 12.5 Number of Desktop PCs 1.................................................................. 50.3 11.0 3.4 7.6 2.................................................................. 16.2 4.4 1.3 3.1 3 or More..................................................... 9.0 2.5 0.7 1.8 Number of Laptop PCs 1.................................................................. 22.5 5.4 1.5 3.9 2.................................................................. 4.0 1.1 0.3 0.8 3 or More..................................................... 0.7 0.3 Q Q Type of Monitor Used on Most-Used PC Desk-top CRT (Standard Monitor)...........................

335

"Table HC12.12 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Midwest Census Region, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Midwest Census Region, 2005" 2 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Midwest Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total Midwest" "Home Electronics Usage Indicators",,,"East North Central","West North Central" "Total",111.1,25.6,17.7,7.9 "Personal Computers" "Do Not Use a Personal Computer",35.5,8.1,5.6,2.5 "Use a Personal Computer",75.6,17.5,12.1,5.4 "Most-Used Personal Computer" "Type of PC" "Desk-top Model",58.6,14.1,10,4 "Laptop Model",16.9,3.4,2.1,1.3 "Hours Turned on Per Week" "Less than 2 Hours",13.6,3.4,2.5,0.9

336

"Table HC14.12 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by West Census Region, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by West Census Region, 2005" 2 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by West Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"West Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total West" "Home Electronics Usage Indicators",,,"Mountain","Pacific" "Total",111.1,24.2,7.6,16.6 "Personal Computers" "Do Not Use a Personal Computer",35.5,6.4,2.2,4.2 "Use a Personal Computer",75.6,17.8,5.3,12.5 "Most-Used Personal Computer" "Type of PC" "Desk-top Model",58.6,13.7,4.2,9.5 "Laptop Model",16.9,4.1,1.1,3 "Hours Turned on Per Week" "Less than 2 Hours",13.6,2.9,0.9,2 "2 to 15 Hours",29.1,6.6,2,4.6

337

Foundation and Computing Research Center.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

w w w w. s a n d i a . g o v The idea drove a wave of technology that transformed society so that today, people carry cell phones that are little supercomputers. But the Moore's Law era - which lasted far longer than Moore himself expected - is coming to an end. The speed of laptops and desktops has plateaued while the power required to run systems is rising sharply. And industry can't continue cramming more transistors onto chips indefinitely. Major change is about a decade away, says Rob Leland, director of Sandia National Laboratories' Computing and information Sciences (CiS) Research Foundation and Computing Research Center. "We need a new type of computing device, new materials, new designs, and it's not at all clear what that should be," Leland says. "it has to be something

338

tmy3 | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

tmy3 tmy3 Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

339

Missouri Lithium-Ion Battery Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Secretary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Missouri Lithium-Ion Battery Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Missouri Lithium-Ion Battery Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Poneman Missouri Lithium-Ion Battery Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Poneman February 9, 2012 - 4:25pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - Today, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman toured Dow Kokam's new global battery research and development center, located in Lee's Summit, Missouri, outside of Kansas City, to highlight America's investments in cutting-edge energy innovations that are laying the building blocks for an American economy built to last. The R&D center aims to bring next-generation lithium-ion battery solutions to the market faster, increase battery performance and reduce their overall cost. Lithium batteries are used in a variety of everyday products from laptops to cell

340

cost | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cost cost Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

coffeemaker | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

coffeemaker coffeemaker Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

342

HVAC | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HVAC HVAC Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

343

A Survey of Energy Saving Techniques for Mobile Computers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Portable products such as pagers, cordless and digital cellular telephones, personal audio equipment, and laptop computers are increasingly being used. Because these applications are battery powered, reducing power consumption is vital. In this report we first give a survey of techniques for accomplishing energy reduction on the hardware level such as: low voltage components, use of sleep or idle modes, dynamic control of the processor clock frequency, clocking regions, and disabling unused peripherals. Systemdesign techniques include minimizing external accesses, minimizing logic state transitions, and system partitioning using application-specific coprocessors. Then we review energy reduction techniques in the design of operating systems, including communication protocols, caching, scheduling and QoS management. Finally, we give an overview of policies to optimize the code of the application for energy consumption and make it aware of power management functions. Applications play a c...

Gerard J. M. Smit; Paul J.M. Havinga

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Portable active interrogation system.  

SciTech Connect

The system consists of a pulsed DT neutron generator (5 x 10{sup 7} n/s) and a portable but high intrinsic efficiency, custom-designed, polyethylene-moderated {sup 3}He neutron detector. A multichannel scaler card in a ruggedized laptop computer acquires the data. A user-friendly LabVIEW program analyzes and displays the data. The program displays a warning message when highly enriched uranium or any other fissionable materials is detected at a specified number of sigmas above background in the delayed region between pulses. This report describes the system and gives examples of the response of the system to highly enriched uranium and some other fissionable materials, at several distances and with various shielding materials.

Moss, C. E. (Calvin E.); Brener, M. W. (Mathieu W.); Hollas, C. L. (Charles L.); Myers, W. L. (William L.)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Scientists Create Worlds Smallest Battery | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scientists Create World's Smallest Battery Scientists Create World's Smallest Battery Stories of Discovery & Innovation Scientists Create World's Smallest Battery Enlarge Photo Image shows distortion of nanowire electrode during charging. Researchers were able to observe charging and discharging in real time at atomic-level resolution. 05.16.11 Scientists Create World's Smallest Battery Effort yields insights that could improve battery performance. Rechargeable lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries have become the workhorse of the contemporary electronic age, powering everything from cell phones and laptop computers to hybrid electric vehicles. But while superior to many alternatives for electrical energy storage, Li-ion batteries are not optimal in every respect. Despite much progress over the years, their

346

Fermilab | Tune IT Up | Message from the Computing Division Head  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computing Division Computing Division Victoria A White Victoria A White Many people at Fermilab are diligent about managing their desktops or laptops. They keep them up to date with patches and incorporate them into one of the laboratory's inventory and patching systems (as Windows, Mac or Linux users). However, we are only as strong against penetration by malicious adversaries as our weakest link. Last week auditors from DOE who were checking out our computer security controls and our compliance with our own computer security policies found some of those weak links. They were able to gain access to a number of systems they could not have entered had we been fully conforming to our published security "baselines," fully implementing password complexity guidelines and more carefully monitoring alerts, such as antivirus-scan

347

Total....................................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Personal Computers Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer.................................. 35.5 14.2 7.2 2.8 4.2 Use a Personal Computer.............................................. 75.6 26.6 14.5 4.1 7.9 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model......................................................... 58.6 20.5 11.0 3.4 6.1 Laptop Model............................................................. 16.9 6.1 3.5 0.7 1.9 Hours Turned on Per Week Less than 2 Hours..................................................... 13.6 5.0 2.6 1.0 1.3 2 to 15 Hours............................................................. 29.1 10.3 5.9 1.6 2.9 16 to 40 Hours........................................................... 13.5 4.1 2.3 0.6 1.2 41 to 167 Hours.........................................................

348

" Million U.S. Housing Units"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Home Electronics Characteristics by Urban/Rural Location, 2005" 1 Home Electronics Characteristics by Urban/Rural Location, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Urban/Rural Location (as Self-Reported)" ,"Housing Units (millions)" "Home Electronics Characteristics",,"City","Town","Suburbs","Rural" "Total",111.1,47.1,19,22.7,22.3 "Personal Computers" "Do Not Use a Personal Computer ",35.5,16.9,6.5,4.6,7.6 "Use a Personal Computer",75.6,30.3,12.5,18.1,14.7 "Number of Desktop PCs" "1.",50.3,21.1,8.3,10.7,10.1 "2.",16.2,6.2,2.8,4.1,3 "3 or More",9,2.9,1.4,3.2,1.6 "Number of Laptop PCs" "1.",22.5,9.1,3.6,6,3.8 "2.",4,1.5,0.6,1.3,0.7

349

ParaView at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ParaView ParaView ParaView Introduction ParaView is an open-source, multi-platform data analysis and visualization application. ParaView users can quickly build visualizations to analyze their data using qualitative and quantitative techniques. The data exploration can be done interactively in 3D or programmatically using ParaView's batch processing capabilities. ParaView was developed to analyze extremely large datasets using distributed memory computing resources. It can be run on supercomputers to analyze datasets of terascale as well as on laptops for smaller data. Remote Visualization with ParaView ParaView is a client-server application. The ParaView client (or simply paraview) will run on your desktop while the server will run at the remote supercomputing site. The following describes the steps you will take to

350

Tips: Home Office and Electronics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Home Office and Electronics Home Office and Electronics Tips: Home Office and Electronics April 24, 2012 - 6:52pm Q&A How do you save energy when working at home? Ask Us Addthis Keep Your Home Office Efficient with ENERGY STAR. 1 of 2 Keep Your Home Office Efficient with ENERGY STAR. Laptops are far more efficient than desktop computers, especially ENERGY STAR qualified models. Use Smart Power Strips to Save Energy. 2 of 2 Use Smart Power Strips to Save Energy. Many electronics go into standby mode when you turn them off. Reduce wasted (vampire) power by plugging electronics into a smart power strip, which can turn your electronics off completely. Shop for ENERGY STAR® Office Products Computers Imaging equipment (copiers, printers, fax machines, scanners) Monitors and other displays Many people work from home at least one day per week. Working from home

351

Incandescent | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incandescent Incandescent Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

352

Staying Informed | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Assurance » Emergency Preparedness » Community Energy Assurance » Emergency Preparedness » Community Guidelines » Staying Informed Staying Informed Staying Informed Staying informed during an energy emergency will help you stay safe and know best how to respond. Pay close attention to reports from officials and energy suppliers using battery-operated radios, computers, mobile phones, other mobile devices, and even newspapers, if you have access to them. Officials and energy suppliers should communicate basic information about what to do during an emergency, and the status of restoration efforts. If you have power, charge your cell phones, laptops, and other mobile devices so they'll have the maximum amount of battery power stored in the event of a power outage. These devices will help you communicate

353

Dishwasher | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dishwasher Dishwasher Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

354

Welcome to FUPWG!  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FUPWG! FUPWG! Fall 2008 Be Present and Participate Please turn off cell phones, blackberries and laptops * We will have lots of breaks for you * If you really need to take a call or use your blackberry please step outside Remember to say thanks to Lindsey and Kevin Ground Rules DC 17 MD 8 VA 31 Fall 2008 Attendance *Map current as of 11/11/08 Logistics * Today's agenda is very Packed - Networking is important but, - Lets try to regroup on time * Lunch - Williamsburg Ballroom * Dinner - Anybody not going let Susan know - We need meet in the lobby at 6:30! We are walking to James Shield's Tavern - Wear a good coat and comfortable shoes! * Presentations posted on FUPWG website FEMP Activities Update New Cover! * No longer the "UGLY Pink Book" * Subgroup members to take copy for

355

Manufacturing Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manufacturing Manufacturing Blog Manufacturing Blog RSS January 15, 2014 Next-Generation Power Electronics: Reducing Energy Waste and Powering the Future From unleashing more powerful and energy-efficient laptops, cell phones and motors, to shrinking utility-scale inverters from 8,000 pound substations to the size of a suitcase, wide bandgap semiconductors could be one of the keys to our clean energy future. January 6, 2014 Manufacturing Spotlight: Boosting American Competitiveness Find out how the Energy Department is helping bring new clean energy technologies to the marketplace and make manufacturing processes more energy efficient. November 15, 2013 Secretary Moniz Joins President Obama in Visit to Cleveland High-Strength Steel Factory Secretary Moniz and President Obama toured a high-strength steel plant in

356

2010 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

10 10 News Featured Articles Science Headlines 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 Science Headlines 2010 Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page 12.15.10DOE Blog Strengthening Today's Science Talent to Become Tomorrow's Science Leaders A hidden strength of science is its diversity. That strength was visible yesterday as the Energy Department celebrated its 13 winners of the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE). Read More » 11.30.10Press Release Could 135,000 Laptops Help Solve the Energy Challenge? Department of Energy supercomputers to pursue breakthroughs in biofuels,

357

ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protection Agency program helping businesses and individuals fight global warming through superior energy efficiency. Bring Your Green to Work with ENERGY STAR ® 1 Give It a rest Use the ENERGY STAR power management settings on your computer and monitor so they go into power save mode when not in use. Also use a power strip as a central "turn off" point when you are using equipment to completely disconnect the power supply. 2 Unplug It Unplug electronics such as cell phones and laptops once they are charged. Adapters plugged into outlets use energy even if they are not charging. 3 Light Up Your Work Life Replace the light bulb in your desk lamp with an ENERGY STAR qualified bulb. It will last up to 10 times longer and use about 75 percent less energy. Turn off the lights when

358

CX-008756: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

756: Categorical Exclusion Determination 756: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008756: Categorical Exclusion Determination Equipment Upgrade for the University of New Mexico AGN-201M Reactor - University of New Mexico CX(s) Applied: B2.2, B3.6 Date: 05/17/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office The University of New Mexico will acquire a computer and associated hardware to measure control rod scram times, a laptop computer and associated electronics such as MCS and MCA systems for operating a High Purity Germanium detector (HPGe), a Frisker and micro R meter for personnel protection and radiation surveys, a new interface for the data channel, National Council on Radiation Protection & Measurements reports, and refurbishment of a HPGe. Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-12-005 New Mexico.doc

359

Princeton Plasma Physics Lab - Lithium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lithium Nearly everybody knows about lithium Nearly everybody knows about lithium - a light, silvery alkali metal - used in rechargeable batteries powering everything from laptops to hybrid cars. What may not be so well known is the fact that researchers hoping to harness the energy released in fusion reactions also have used lithium to coat the walls of donut-shaped tokamak reactors. Lithium, it turns out, may help the plasmas fueling fusion reactions to retain heat for longer periods of time. This could improve the chances of producing useful energy from fusion. en COLLOQUIUM: The Lithium Tokamak eXperiment (LTX) http://www.pppl.gov/events/colloquium-lithium-tokamak-experiment-ltx

360

ParaView Red Blood Cell Tutorial on Eureka/Gadzooks | Argonne Leadership  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Red Blood Cell Tutorial on Eureka/Gadzooks Red Blood Cell Tutorial on Eureka/Gadzooks Goals This tutorial is intended to be a hands-on resource for users interested in learning the basic concepts of ParaView. The examples can easily be run on a laptop, using the example data set provided. Tour of ParaView Show range of visualization methods Walk through various visualization techniques, hopefully illustrate how these can apply to your own data. Feel for ParaView "way" Terminology and step-by-step process peculiar to ParaView, which may differ from other packages, e.g. VisIt. cutting planes: close-up RBCs: close-up RBC: Continuum Data The data used for this tutorial is: Blood flow simulation data Multiple data types Continuum data field (unstructured mesh, tetrahedral): fluid field, plasma

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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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361

cooling | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cooling cooling Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

362

DOE Solar Decathlon: Product Directory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Directory Directory The U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2009 Product Directory provides a complete listing of the products used in the solar-powered team houses. To find common household products, see the list below. You may also search for products by team or in the Product Directory spreadsheet Microsoft Excel . By Products By Team Advanced Search Household Products Bathroom Faucet Bathroom Sink Clothes Dryer Clothes Washer Clothes Washer/Dryer Cooktop Computer Desktop Laptop Decking Dishwasher Dishdrawer Under Counter Dishwasher Exhaust Hood Flooring Furniture Insulation Kitchen Cabinets Kitchen Countertops Kitchen Faucet Kitchen Sink Lighting Fixed Lighting (hardwired) Plug-In Lighting (lamps, plug-in fixtures) Sensors Oven Combination Microwave Steam Wall Photovoltaic Collectors

363

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 22140 of 26,764 results. 31 - 22140 of 26,764 results. Topic Batteries From consumer electronics to laptops to vehicles, batteries are an important part of our everyday life. Learn about the Energy Department's innovative research and development in different energy storage options. http://energy.gov/public-services/vehicles/batteries Download SOFTWARE QUALITY & SYSTEMS ENGINEERING PROGRAM: Project Tracking Checklist http://energy.gov/cio/downloads/software-quality-systems-engineering-program-project-tracking-checklist Download DOE F 5631.29 SECURITY TERMINATION STATEMENT http://energy.gov/cio/downloads/doe-f-563129 Download DOE F 3731.1 POSITION SENSITIVITY LEVEL DESIGNATION http://energy.gov/cio/downloads/doe-f-37311 Download Suggested Format for Submitting Frequency Data Requests to the

364

" Million U.S. Housing Units"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Number of Household Members, 2005" 2 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Number of Household Members, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Number of Households With --" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"1 Member","2 Members","3 Members","4 Members","5 or More Members" "Home Electronics Usage Indicators" "Total",111.1,30,34.8,18.4,15.9,12 "Personal Computers" "Do Not Use a Personal Computer",35.5,16.3,9.4,4,2.7,3.2 "Use a Personal Computer",75.6,13.8,25.4,14.4,13.2,8.8 "Most-Used Personal Computer" "Type of PC" "Desk-top Model",58.6,10,20,11.2,10.1,7.3 "Laptop Model",16.9,3.7,5.4,3.2,3.1,1.5 "Hours Turned on Per Week"

365

CX-002010: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2010: Categorical Exclusion Determination 2010: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002010: Categorical Exclusion Determination Arizona Tribe Yavapai-Apache Nation of the Camp Verde Indian Reservation CX(s) Applied: B1.32, B5.1 Date: 04/27/2010 Location(s): Arizona Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy The Yavapai-Apache Nation of the Camp Verde Indian Reservation proposes to replace several conventional streetlights in the Nation with streetlights powered by solar energy. This project includes purchasing power poles, wiring, solar panels, and other need materials, and to lay the foundation for the power poles. The tribe will also purchase a dedicated laptop and software package to operate the lights and monitor the lighting. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-002010.pdf More Documents & Publications

366

Area schools get new computers through Los Alamos National Laboratory, IBM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Area schools get new computers Area schools get new computers Area schools get new computers through Los Alamos National Laboratory, IBM partnership Northern New Mexico schools are recipients of fully loaded desktop and laptop computers. May 8, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Contact Steve Sandoval

367

AC | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AC AC Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

368

Furnace | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Furnace Furnace Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

369

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Our way of life is deeply intertwined with battery technologies that have enabled a mobile revolution powering cell phones, laptops, medical devices, and cars. As conventional lithium-ion batteries approach their theoretical energy-storage limits, new technologies are emerging to address the long-term energy-storage improvements needed for mobile systems, electric vehicles in particular. Battery performance depends on the dynamics of evolving electronic and chemical states that, despite advances in material synthesis and structural probes, remain elusive and largely unexplored. At Beamlines 8.0.1 and 9.3.2, researchers studied lithium-ion and lithium-air batteries, respectively, using soft x-ray spectroscopy techniques. The detailed information they obtained about the evolution of electronic and chemical states will be indispensable for understanding and optimizing better battery materials.

370

Manufacturing News and Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manufacturing News and Blog Manufacturing News and Blog Manufacturing News and Blog Blog Next-Generation Power Electronics: Reducing Energy Waste and Powering the Future January 15, 2014 3:53 PM From unleashing more powerful and energy-efficient laptops, cell phones and motors, to shrinking utility-scale inverters from 8,000 pound substations to the size of a suitcase, wide bandgap semiconductors could be one of the keys to our clean energy future. Read The Full Story Manufacturing Spotlight: Boosting American Competitiveness January 6, 2014 1:06 PM Find out how the Energy Department is helping bring new clean energy technologies to the marketplace and make manufacturing processes more energy efficient. Read The Full Story Secretary Moniz Joins President Obama in Visit to Cleveland High-Strength Steel Factory

371

OSTIblog Posts by Cathey Daniels | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Cathey Daniels Cathey Daniels Cathey Daniels's picture Program Manager, Information International Associates, Inc. It's been a big summer for sharing science info--and it's still only June! Published on Jun 30, 2009 Did you know: That now you can find research from China when you search within WorldWideScience.org? OSTI was in Ottawa June 10 helping formalize the addition of China to the WorldWideScience Alliance? In addition, now you can quickly narrow your WorldWideScience.org results list to the research you need, share them on social networking sites, bookmark your search, and set up alerts. That now you can learn about OSTI tools and services on our OSTI YouTube site launched in June? Read more... Mixing Science.gov, Coffee, and a Laptop Published on Dec 05, 2007

372

" Million U.S. Housing Units"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Home Electronics Characteristics by Number of Household Members, 2005" 1 Home Electronics Characteristics by Number of Household Members, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Number of Households With --" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"1 Member","2 Members","3 Members","4 Members","5 or More Members" "Home Electronics Characteristics" "Total",111.1,30,34.8,18.4,15.9,12 "Personal Computers" "Do Not Use a Personal Computer ",35.5,16.3,9.4,4,2.7,3.2 "Use a Personal Computer",75.6,13.8,25.4,14.4,13.2,8.8 "Number of Desktop PCs" "1.",50.3,11.9,17.4,8.5,7.3,5.2 "2.",16.2,1.5,5.8,3.8,3.3,1.9 "3 or More",9,0.4,2.2,2.1,2.7,1.7 "Number of Laptop PCs"

373

"Table HC13.11 Home Electronics Characteristics by South Census Region, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Home Electronics Characteristics by South Census Region, 2005" 1 Home Electronics Characteristics by South Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"South Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total South" "Home Electronics Characteristics",,,"South Atlantic","East South Central","West South Central" "Total",111.1,40.7,21.7,6.9,12.1 "Personal Computers" "Do Not Use a Personal Computer ",35.5,14.2,7.2,2.8,4.2 "Use a Personal Computer",75.6,26.6,14.5,4.1,7.9 "Number of Desktop PCs" "1.",50.3,18.2,10,2.9,5.3 "2.",16.2,5.5,3,0.7,1.8 "3 or More",9,2.9,1.5,0.5,0.8 "Number of Laptop PCs"

374

Total....................................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.2 4.2 7.6 16.6 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer.................................. 35.5 6.4 2.2 4.2 Use a Personal Computer.............................................. 75.6 17.8 5.3 12.5 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model......................................................... 58.6 13.7 4.2 9.5 Laptop Model............................................................. 16.9 4.1 1.1 3.0 Hours Turned on Per Week Less than 2 Hours..................................................... 13.6 2.9 0.9 2.0 2 to 15 Hours............................................................. 29.1 6.6 2.0 4.6 16 to 40 Hours........................................................... 13.5 3.4 0.9 2.5 41 to 167 Hours......................................................... 6.3

375

homeoffice_household2001.pdf  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9a. Home Office Equipment by Northeast Census Region, 9a. Home Office Equipment by Northeast Census Region, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Home Office Equipment RSE Column Factor: Total U.S. Northeast Census Region RSE Row Factors Total Census Division Middle Atlantic New England 0.5 1.1 1.4 1.2 Total .............................................................. 107.0 20.3 14.8 5.4 NE Households Using Office Equipment ......................................... 96.2 17.9 12.8 5.0 1.3 Personal Computers 1 ................................. 60.0 10.9 7.7 3.3 3.1 Number of Desktop PCs 1 ................................................................ 45.1 8.7 6.2 2.5 3.7 2 or more ................................................... 9.1 1.4 0.9 0.5 12.9 Number of Laptop PCs 1 ................................................................

376

Extreme Scale Computing, Co-design  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Extreme Scale Computing, Co-design Extreme Scale Computing, Co-design Informing system design, ensuring productive and efficient code Project Description To address the increasingly complex problems of the modern world, scientists at Los Alamos are pushing the scale of computing to the extreme, forming partnerships with other national laboratories and industry to develop supercomputers that can achieve "exaflop" speeds-that is, a quintillion (a million trillion) calculations per second. To put such speed in perspective, it is equivalent to 50 million laptops all working together at the same time. Researchers are also developing the interacting components of a computational system as a whole. This approach, known as computational co-design, may facilitate revolutionary designs in the next generation of supercomputers.

377

JGI Compute User Training  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

JGI Compute JGI Compute User Training Series JGI Compute User Training Series homeh1 Overview NERSC and IT staff will host a series training sessions and open office hours to introduce new services and review best practices for using the Crius cluster. All sessions are hands on, so please bring your laptop. If you are or were a user of any of the following systems, Crius, Rhea, Kronos, Theia, Oceanus or Phoebe, it will be beneficial for you to attend these training sessions. And if you plan to use JGI compute resources in the future, we also encourage you to attend. It will also be an opportunity for JGI compute users to ask questions and give NERSC and IT staff feedback on your requirements. Session 3: February 24th, 2012 1:30-5pm rm 100-101 Agenda 1:30-1:45 - Intro and presentation of the transition schedule we talked

378

Calling All Fuel Cells | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Calling All Fuel Cells Calling All Fuel Cells Calling All Fuel Cells December 7, 2012 - 4:31pm Addthis Altergy had more than 60 fuel cells in the immediate Hurricane Sandy disaster area that acted as backup power for cell phone towers. | Photo courtesy of Altergy. Altergy had more than 60 fuel cells in the immediate Hurricane Sandy disaster area that acted as backup power for cell phone towers. | Photo courtesy of Altergy. Sunita Satyapal Program Manager, Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Technology Program What is a fuel cell? A fuel cell is a device that uses a fuel and oxygen to create electricity by an electrochemical process. A fuel cell can provide energy for systems as large as a utility power station and as small as a laptop computer. During Hurricane Sandy, fuel cells were instrumental in providing backup

379

Inspection Report: IG-0597 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 Inspection Report: IG-0597 April 24, 2003 Inspection of Internal Controls Over Personal Computers at Los Alamos National Laboratory Computers are used extensively in the full range of operations at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), including processing classified national security information. LANL reported an inventory of approximately 5,000 laptop and 30,000 desktop computers at the end of Fiscal Year (FY) 2002. Department of Energy (DOE) and LANL property policies identify computers as "sensitive property," due in part to their susceptibility to theft and potential for conversion to cash. It is an expected practice that management controls over computers throughout the DOE complex remain robust and consistent. Inspection Report: IG-0597

380

Biology Department - Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frequently Asked Questions Will PCMass run on Mac or Linux? No. As the name implies, it needs a Windows PC. However the hardware requirements are modest (1024x780 or greater display) so it should run on most word processor or laptop PC's. Is there another way to view STEM images? Yes. The STEM image format is a 4096 byte header followed by two 8-bit channels interleaved. PhotoShop has an "Open As" option "Raw" that will read this. Gatan's Digital Micrograph. However, these programs lack many of the features of PCMass for mass measurement. Images can be compressed for display by up to a factor of 100 (.jpg) for visual use in publications, but are no longer useful for quantitative measurement. What causes the TMV calibration to be other than 13.1 kDa/A?

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Boston Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Boston-Power Boston-Power Place Westborough, Massachusetts Zip 01581 3961 Sector Vehicles Product Start-up developing a battery for laptop computers and electric vehicles. Coordinates 42.283096°, -71.600318° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.283096,"lon":-71.600318,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

382

television | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

48 48 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142281648 Varnish cache server television Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB)

383

URDB | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

URDB URDB Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

384

Fuel Cells for Critical Communications Backup Power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cells for Critical Cells for Critical Communications Backup Power Greg Moreland SENTECH, Inc. Supporting the U.S. Department of Energy August 6, 2008 APCO Annual Conference and Expo 2 2 Fuel cells use hydrogen to create electricity, with only water and heat as byproducts Fuel Cell Overview * An individual fuel cell produces about 1 volt * Hundreds of individual cells can comprise a fuel cell stack * Fuel cells can be used to power a variety of applications -Bibliographic Database * Laptop computers (50-100 W) * Distributed energy stationary systems (5-250 kW) * Passenger vehicles (80-150 kW) * Central power generators (1-200 MW) 3 3 Stationary/ Backup Power Transportation Specialty Markets Nuclear Natural Gas (for transition period only) Coal (with carbon sequestration) Renewable

385

Towards Safer Lithium-Ion Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Towards Safer Lithium-Ion Batteries Towards Safer Lithium-Ion Batteries Speaker(s): Guoying Chen Date: October 25, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Venkat Srinivasan Safety problems associated with rechargeable lithium batteries are now well recognized. Recent spectacular fires involving cell phones, laptops, and (here at LBNL) AA cells have made the news. These events are generally caused by overcharging and subsequent development of internal shorts. Before these batteries can be used in vehicle applications, improvement in cell safety is a must. We have been active in the area of lithium battery safety for many years. For example, a versatile, inexpensive overcharge protection approach developed in our laboratory, uses an electroactive polymer to act as a reversible, self-actuating, low resistance internal

386

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Next Generation Processes for Carbonate Electrolytes for Battery Applications - Kris Rangan, Materials Modification  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Next Generation Processes for Carbonate Electrolytes for Battery Applications Next Generation Processes for Carbonate Electrolytes for Battery Applications Dr. Kausik Mukhopadhyay & Dr. Krishnaswamy K. Rangan Materials Modification, Inc. 2809-K Merrilee Drive, Fairfax. VA 22031 ABSTRACT  Dimethyl Carbonate (DMC) is a promising electrolyte solvent for lithium battery applications due to its inherent safety and robustness. Despite the enormous promise of its industrial use, this chemical is currently entirely imported from China. The global battery market is about US$ 50 billion, of which approximately $ 5.5 billion is captured by the rechargeable batteries for use in electric vehicles, laptops, consumer electronics, rechargeable batteries etc.  Indigenous manufacture of DMC will enormously benefit not only the American lithium battery industry

387

CFL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2 2 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142281682 Varnish cache server CFL Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB)

388

Calling All Fuel Cells | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Calling All Fuel Cells Calling All Fuel Cells Calling All Fuel Cells December 7, 2012 - 4:31pm Addthis Altergy had more than 60 fuel cells in the immediate Hurricane Sandy disaster area that acted as backup power for cell phone towers. | Photo courtesy of Altergy. Altergy had more than 60 fuel cells in the immediate Hurricane Sandy disaster area that acted as backup power for cell phone towers. | Photo courtesy of Altergy. Sunita Satyapal Program Manager, Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Technology Program What is a fuel cell? A fuel cell is a device that uses a fuel and oxygen to create electricity by an electrochemical process. A fuel cell can provide energy for systems as large as a utility power station and as small as a laptop computer. During Hurricane Sandy, fuel cells were instrumental in providing backup

389

Comparison of Bandwidth Usage: Service Location Protocol and Jini  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently there has been an increase in the development of technologies for resource discovery, since for example, resources such as printers, mail boxes, memory space, and disk space are available in every network, ready to be used for any host. This has been caused, in part, by the growth in the popularity of portable devices such as laptops, PDAs, and cell phones which require configuration each time they attach to a new network segment. Since the configuration of such devices is tedious and sometimes complicated, there have been some attempts in past years to solve this problem, such as the DHCP approach. This paper focuses on the bandwidth analysis of two new approaches for dealing with resource discovery: the Service Location Protocol (SLP) and Jini. This work is particularly important since the communication among the devices is often wireless, whereas bandwidth is a limited resource. We present equations for characterizing the usage of bandwidth made by SLP and Jini, bas...

Javier Govea; Michel Barbeau

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

{open_quotes}Accelerators and Beams,{close_quotes} multimedia computer-based training in accelerator physics  

SciTech Connect

We are developing a set of computer-based tutorials on accelerators and charged-particle beams under an SBIR grant from the DOE. These self-paced, interactive tutorials, available for Macintosh and Windows platforms, use multimedia techniques to enhance the user{close_quote}s rate of learning and length of retention of the material. They integrate interactive {open_quotes}On-Screen Laboratories,{close_quotes} hypertext, line drawings, photographs, two- and three-dimensional animations, video, and sound. They target a broad audience, from undergraduates or technicians to professionals. Presently, three modules have been published ({ital Vectors, Forces}, and {ital Motion}), a fourth ({ital Dipole Magnets}) has been submitted for review, and three more exist in prototype form ({ital Quadrupoles, Matrix Transport}, and {ital Properties of Charged-Particle Beams}). Participants in the poster session will have the opportunity to try out these modules on a laptop computer. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

Silbar, R.R.; Browman, A.A.; Mead, W.C.; Williams, R.A. [WhistleSoft, Inc., 168 Dos Brazos, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

'Accelerators and Beams,' multimedia computer-based training in accelerator physics  

SciTech Connect

We are developing a set of computer-based tutorials on accelerators and charged-particle beams under an SBIR grant from the DOE. These self-paced, interactive tutorials, available for Macintosh and Windows platforms, use multimedia techniques to enhance the user's rate of learning and length of retention of the material. They integrate interactive 'On-Screen Laboratories,' hypertext, line drawings, photographs, two- and three-dimensional animations, video, and sound. They target a broad audience, from undergraduates or technicians to professionals. Presently, three modules have been published (Vectors, Forces, and Motion), a fourth (Dipole Magnets) has been submitted for review, and three more exist in prototype form (Quadrupoles, Matrix Transport, and Properties of Charged-Particle Beams). Participants in the poster session will have the opportunity to try out these modules on a laptop computer.

Silbar, R. R.; Browman, A. A.; Mead, W. C.; Williams, R. A. [WhistleSoft, Inc., 168 Dos Brazos, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)

1999-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

392

Energy-Adaptive Display System Designs for Future Mobile Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The utility of a mobile computer, such as a laptop, is largely constrained by battery life. The display stands out as a major consumer of battery energy, so reducing that consumption is desirable. In this paper, we motivate and study energy-adaptive display sub-systems that match display energy consumption to the functionality required by the workload/user. Through a detailed characterization of display usage patterns, we show that screen usage of a typical user is primarily associated with content that could be displayed in smaller and simpler displays with significantly lower energy use. We propose example energy-adaptive designs that use emerging OLED displays and software optimizations that we call dark windows. Modeling the power benefits from this approach shows significant, though user-specific, energy benefits. Prototype implementations also show acceptability of the new user interfaces among users.

Parthasarathy Ranganathan; Subu Iyer; Subu Iyer; Lu Luo; Lu Luo; Robert Mayo; Robert Mayo

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Low Power/Energy Compiler Optimizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction 35.2 Why compilers? 35.3 Power vs. Energy vs. Performance Power vs. Energy, Power/Energy vs. Performance, Summary 35.4 List of Optimizations Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Scaling, Resource Hibernation, Remote Task Mapping 35.5 Future Compiler Research for Power/Energy Embedded processor and SoCs are used in many devices, ranging from pace makers, sensors, phones, and PDAs, to general-purpose handheld computers and laptops. Each of these devices has their own requirements for performance, power dissipation, and energy usage, and typically implements a particular tradeo# among these entities. Allowing components of these devices to be controlled by software has opened up opportunities for compilation and operating strategies to reduce power dissipation and energy usage, at the potential cost of performance degradation. Such control includes (1) hibernation, i.e., initiating transitions of a component between a high power, active states and lower power, hibernating s

Ulrich Kremer

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Tevatron alignment issues 2003-2004  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It was observed during the early part of Run II that dipole corrector currents in the Tevatron were changing over time. Measurement of the roll for dipoles and quadrupoles confirmed that there was a slow and systematic movement of the magnets from their ideal position. A simple system using a digital protractor and laptop computer was developed to allow roll measurements of all dipoles and quadrupoles. These measurements showed that many magnets in the Tevatron had rolled more than 1 milliradian. To aid in magnet alignment a new survey network was built in the Tevatron tunnel. This network is based on the use of free centering laser tracker. During the measurement of the network coordinates for all dipole, quadrupole and corrector magnets were obtained. This paper discusses roll measurement techniques and data, the old and new Tevatron alignment network.

Volk, J.T.; Annala, J.; Elementi, L.; Gelfand, N.; Gollwitzer, K.E.; Greenwood, J.; Martens, M.; Moore, Craig D.; Nobrega, A.; Russell, A.D.; Shiltsev, V.; Stefanski, R.; Sager, T.; Syphers, M.J.; Wojcik, G.; /Fermilab

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

GPP user`s guide - a general-purpose postprocessor for wind turbine data analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

GPP (pronounced {open_quotes}jeep{close_quotes}) is a General-Purpose Postprocessor for wind turbine data analysis. The author, a member of the Wind Technology Division (WTD) of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), developed GPP to postprocess test data and simulation predictions. GPP reads data into large arrays and allows the user to run many types of analyses on the data stored in memory. It runs on inexpensive computers common in the wind industry. One can even use it on a laptop in the field. The author wrote the program in such a way as to make it easy to add new types of analyses and to port it to many types of computers. Although GPP is very powerful and feature-rich, it is still very easy to learn and to use. Exhaustive error trapping prevents one from losing valuable work due to input errors. GPP will, hopefully, make a significant impact on engineering productivity in the wind industry.

Buhl, M.L. Jr.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Design Considerations for High Step-Down ratio Buck Regulators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The buck or step-down DC-DC converter is the workhorse switching power supply topology. It utilizes two switches (two FETS or one FET and one diode) along with an output inductor and output capacitor. Whether you look at a large computer server, a personal desktop or a laptop computer, a cell phone or a GPS unit all will contain a buck converter in one form or another. This paper will discuss the synchronous buck topology, design considerations, component selection followed by a small signal model of buck converter. Issues that are important in optimizing the efficiency of the design for example MOSFET selection, the impact that the MOSFET driver plays in improving the efficiency will be examined. The paper will finish by contrasting various control architectures.

Khanna, R

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Lithium ion rechargeable systems studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lithium ion systems, although relatively new, have attracted much interest worldwide. Their high energy density, long cycle life and relative safety, compared with metallic lithium rechargeable systems, make them prime candidates for powering portable electronic equipment. Although lithium ion cells are presently used in a few consumer devices, e.g., portable phones, camcorders, and laptop computers, there is room for considerable improvement in their performance. Specific areas that need to be addressed include: (1) carbon anode--increase reversible capacity, and minimize passivation; (2) cathode--extend cycle life, improve rate capability, and increase capacity. There are several programs ongoing at Sandia National Laboratories which are investigating means of achieving the stated objectives in these specific areas. This paper will review these programs.

Levy, S.C.; Lasasse, R.R.; Cygan, R.T.; Voigt, J.A.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Low Power System Design Techniques for Mobile Computers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Portable products such as pagers, cordless and digital cellular telephones, personal audio equipment, and laptop computers are being used increasingly. Because these applications are battery powered, reducing power consumption is vital. In this report we first give the properties of low power design and techniques to exploit them on the hardware level such as: minimize capacitance, avoid wasteful activity, and reduce voltage and frequency. We will then elaborate on low power system-design techniques in which the main themes are to avoid wasteful activity at system level and to exploit locality of reference. Finally we review energy reduction techniques in the design of a wireless communication system, including system decomposition, communication and MAC protocols, and low power short range networks. 1 Introduction The requirement of portability of hand-held computers and portable devices places severe restrictions on size and power consumption. Even though battery technology is impr...

Paul J.M. Havinga; Gerard J. M. Smit

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Application-Driven Power Management for Mobile Communication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this paper, we present the design and implementation of an innovative transport level protocol capable of significantly reducing the power usage of the communication device. The protocol achieves power savings by selectively choosing short periods of time to suspend communications and shut down the communication device. It manages the important task of queuing data for future delivery during periods of communication suspension, and decides when to restart communication. We also address the tradeoff between reducing power consumption and reducing delay for incoming data. We present results from experiments using our implementation of the protocol. These experiments measure the energy consumption for three simulated communication patterns as well as three trace-based communication patterns and compare the effects of different suspension strategies. Our results show up to 83% savings in the energy consumed by the communication. For a high-end laptop, this can translate to 6--9% sav

Robin Kravets; P. Krishnan

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Heat Sink Performance Analysis through Numerical Technique  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The increase in dissipated power per unit area of electronic components sets higher demands on the performance of the heat sink. Also if we continue at our current rate of miniaturisation, laptops and other electronic devices can get heated up tremendously. Hence we require a better heat dissipating system to overcome the excess heat generating problem of using nanoelectronics, which is expected to power the next generation of computers. To handle the excessive and often unpredictable heating up of high performance electronic components like microprocessors, we need to predict the temperature profile of the heat sink used. This also helps us to select the best heat sink for the operating power range of any microprocessor. Understanding the temperature profile of a heat sink and a microprocessor helps us to handle its temperature efficiently for a range of loads. In this work, a method to estimate the normal response of a heat sink to various loads of a microprocessor is explained.

Aravindh, B Sri; Nair, T R Gopalakrishnan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Rechargeable lithium battery for use in applications requiring a low to high power output  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Rechargeable lithium batteries which employ characteristics of thin-film batteries can be used to satisfy power requirements within a relatively broad range. Thin-film battery cells utilizing a film of anode material, a film of cathode material and an electrolyte of an amorphorus lithium phosphorus oxynitride can be connected in series or parallel relationship for the purpose of withdrawing electrical power simultaneously from the cells. In addition, such battery cells which employ a lithium intercalation compound as its cathode material can be connected in a manner suitable for supplying power for the operation of an electric vehicle. Still further, by incorporating within the battery cell a relatively thick cathode of a lithium intercalation compound, a relatively thick anode of lithium and an electrolyte film of lithium phosphorus oxynitride, the battery cell is rendered capable of supplying power for any of a number of consumer products, such as a laptop computer or a cellular telephone.

Bates, John B. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Rechargeable lithium battery for use in applications requiring a low to high power output  

SciTech Connect

Rechargeable lithium batteries which employ characteristics of thin-film batteries can be used to satisfy power requirements within a relatively broad range. Thin-film battery cells utilizing a film of anode material, a film of cathode material and an electrolyte of an amorphous lithium phosphorus oxynitride can be connected in series or parallel relationship for the purpose of withdrawing electrical power simultaneously from the cells. In addition, such battery cells which employ a lithium intercalation compound as its cathode material can be connected in a manner suitable for supplying power for the operation of an electric vehicle. Still further, by incorporating within the battery cell a relatively thick cathode of a lithium intercalation compound, a relatively thick anode of lithium and an electrolyte film of lithium phosphorus oxynitride, the battery cell is rendered capable of supplying power for any of a number of consumer products, such as a laptop computer or a cellular telephone.

Bates, John B. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-12-005 New Mexico.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 SECTION A. Project Title: Equipment Upgrade for the UNM AGN-201M Reactor - University of New Mexico SECTION B. Project Description The University of New Mexico will acquire a computer and associated hardware to measure control rod scram times, a laptop computer and associated electronics such as MCS and MCA systems for operating a High Purity Germanium detector, a Frisker and micro R meter for personnel protection and radiation surveys, a new interface for the data channel, NCRP reports, and refurbishment of a HPGe. SECTION C. Environmental Aspects / Potential Sources of Impact Radioactive Material Use - The action consists of funding the purchase of additional pieces of equipment and instruments that the university all ready uses for an existing program. The action would not create additional environmental impacts above those already

404

homeoffice_household2001.pdf  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0a. Home Office Equipment by Midwest Census Region, 0a. Home Office Equipment by Midwest Census Region, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Home Office Equipment RSE Column Factor: Total U.S. Midwest Census Region RSE Row Factors Total Census Division East North Central West North Central 0.5 1.0 1.2 1.6 Total .............................................................. 107.0 24.5 17.1 7.4 NE Households Using Office Equipment ......................................... 96.2 22.4 15.7 6.7 1.3 Personal Computers 1 ................................. 60.0 14.1 9.9 4.2 3.7 Number of Desktop PCs 1 ................................................................ 45.1 10.4 7.2 3.2 3.7 2 or more ................................................... 9.1 2.3 1.6 0.7 10.1 Number of Laptop PCs 1 ................................................................

405

"Table HC11.11 Home Electronics Characteristics by Northeast Census Region, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Home Electronics Characteristics by Northeast Census Region, 2005" 1 Home Electronics Characteristics by Northeast Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Northeast Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total Northeast" "Home Electronics Characteristics",,,"Middle Atlantic","New England" "Total",111.1,20.6,15.1,5.5 "Personal Computers" "Do Not Use a Personal Computer ",35.5,6.9,5.3,1.6 "Use a Personal Computer",75.6,13.7,9.8,3.9 "Number of Desktop PCs" "1.",50.3,9.3,6.8,2.5 "2.",16.2,2.9,1.9,1 "3 or More",9,1.5,1.1,0.4 "Number of Laptop PCs" "1.",22.5,4.7,3.5,1.2 "2.",4,0.6,0.4,0.2

406

"Table HC15.11 Home Electronics Characteristics by Four Most Populated States, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Home Electronics Characteristics by Four Most Populated States, 2005" 1 Home Electronics Characteristics by Four Most Populated States, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)","Four Most Populated States" "Home Electronics Characteristics",,"New York","Florida","Texas","California" "Total",111.1,7.1,7,8,12.1 "Personal Computers" "Do Not Use a Personal Computer ",35.5,3,2,2.7,3.1 "Use a Personal Computer",75.6,4.2,5,5.3,9 "Number of Desktop PCs" "1.",50.3,3.1,3.4,3.4,5.4 "2.",16.2,0.7,1.1,1.2,2.2 "3 or More",9,0.3,0.5,0.7,1.4 "Number of Laptop PCs" "1.",22.5,1.2,1.4,1.8,3 "2.",4,"Q","Q",0.3,0.6

407

Computer | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Computer Computer Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

408

Homeowners: Respond to Power Outages | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Power Outages Power Outages Homeowners: Respond to Power Outages Homeowners: Respond to Power Outages After a disaster, electric utilities and government officials will first work to restore power to critical infrastructure like power plants and transmission lines, water treatment facilities, and telecommunications networks, and also to hospitals, critical care facilities, and emergency response agencies. It may take several days or even weeks to restore power to individual homeowners, but here's what you can do to help prepare and recover power more quickly: Charge mobile devices-If you have power, charge your cell phones, laptops, and other mobile devices so they'll have the maximum amount of battery power stored in the event of a power outage. These devices will help you communicate with your power company, and they'll help you stay

409

Microwave | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Microwave Microwave Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

410

Safety Hazards of Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safety Hazards of Batteries Safety Hazards of Batteries Battery technology is at the heart of much of our technological revolution. One of the most prevalent rechargeable batteries in use today is the Lithium-ion battery. Cell phones, laptop computers, GPS systems, iPods, and even cars are now using lithium- ion rechargeable battery technology. In fact, you probably have a lithium-ion battery in your pocket or purse right now! Although lithium-ion batteries are very common there are some inherent dangers when using ANY battery. Lithium cells are like any other technology - if they are abused and not used for their intended purpose catastrophic results may occur, such as: first-, second-, and third-degree burns, respiratory problems, fires, explosions, and even death. Please handle the lithium-ion batteries with care and respect.

411

EERE News and Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EERE News and Blog EERE News and Blog EERE News and Blog Blog The installation of this 2,244-panel photovoltaic system on Pinnacle Charter School in Denver, Colorado was fully funded by 456 American investors in 10 days. The project is expected to save the school $1.6 million in electricity costs over the next ten years.| Photo courtesy of Mosaic Simplifying Solar Project Financing January 16, 2014 10:05 AM Sunshot Incubator awardees such as Mosaic are revolutionizing America's solar landscape and helping the nation move to cleaner, more sustainable forms of energy that lower costs for consumers. Read The Full Story Next-Generation Power Electronics: Reducing Energy Waste and Powering the Future January 15, 2014 3:53 PM From unleashing more powerful and energy-efficient laptops, cell phones and

412

Success Stories: Solid Electrolyte Lithium Ion Batteries - Seeo, Inc.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid Electrolyte May Usher in a New Generation of Solid Electrolyte May Usher in a New Generation of Rechargeable Lithium Batteries For Vehicles With sky rocketing gasoline prices and exploding laptops, there could not have been a better time for a new rechargeable battery breakthrough. Enter Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's (LBNL) nanostructured polymer electrolyte (NPE). NPE is a solid electrolyte designed for use in rechargeable lithium batteries. The unique material was developed by LBNL researchers Nitash Balsara, Hany Eitouni, Enrique Gomez, and Mohit Singh and licensed to startup company Seeo Inc. in 2007. With solid financial backing from Khosla Ventures, located in Menlo Park, California, and an impressive scientific team recruited from LBNL, University of California, Berkeley, and the battery industry, Seeo is now

413

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Our way of life is deeply intertwined with battery technologies that have enabled a mobile revolution powering cell phones, laptops, medical devices, and cars. As conventional lithium-ion batteries approach their theoretical energy-storage limits, new technologies are emerging to address the long-term energy-storage improvements needed for mobile systems, electric vehicles in particular. Battery performance depends on the dynamics of evolving electronic and chemical states that, despite advances in material synthesis and structural probes, remain elusive and largely unexplored. At Beamlines 8.0.1 and 9.3.2, researchers studied lithium-ion and lithium-air batteries, respectively, using soft x-ray spectroscopy techniques. The detailed information they obtained about the evolution of electronic and chemical states will be indispensable for understanding and optimizing better battery materials.

414

gas | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

gas gas Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

415

"Table HC12.11 Home Electronics Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Home Electronics Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005" 1 Home Electronics Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total Midwest" "Home Electronics Characteristics",,,"East North Central","West North Central" "Total",111.1,25.6,17.7,7.9 "Personal Computers" "Do Not Use a Personal Computer ",35.5,8.1,5.6,2.5 "Use a Personal Computer",75.6,17.5,12.1,5.4 "Number of Desktop PCs" "1.",50.3,11.9,8.4,3.4 "2.",16.2,3.5,2.2,1.3 "3 or More",9,2.1,1.5,0.6 "Number of Laptop PCs" "1.",22.5,4.6,2.8,1.9 "2.",4,0.9,0.6,0.2

416

LHCb Conditions Database Operation Assistance Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Conditions Database of the LHCb experiment (CondDB) provides versioned, time dependent geometry and conditions data for all LHCb data processing applications (simulation, high level trigger, reconstruction, analysis) in a heterogeneous computing environment ranging from user laptops to the HLT farm and the Grid. These different use cases impose front-end support for multiple database technologies (Oracle and SQLite are used). Sophisticated distribution tools are required to ensure timely and robust delivery of updates to all environments. The content of the database has to be managed to ensure that updates are internally consistent and externally compatible with multiple versions of the physics application software. In this paper we describe three systems that we have developed to address these issues: - an extension to the automatic content validation done by the “Oracle Streams” replication technology, to trap cases when the replication was unsuccessful; - an automated distribution process for the S...

Shapoval, Illya

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Model catalytic studies of single crystal, polycrystalline metal, and supported catalysts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation is focused on understanding the structure-activity relationship in heterogeneous catalysis by studying model catalytic systems. The catalytic oxidation of CO was chosen as a model reaction for studies on a variety of catalysts. A series of Au/TiO2 catalysts were prepared from various metalorganic gold complexes. The catalytic activity and the particle size of the gold catalysts were strongly dependent on the gold complexes. The Au/TiO2 catalyst prepared from a tetranuclear gold complex showed the best performance for CO oxidation, and the average gold particle size of this catalyst was 3.1 nm. CO oxidation was also studied over Au/MgO catalysts, where the MgO supports were annealed to various temperatures between 900 and 1300 K prior to deposition of Au. A correlation was found between the activity of Au clusters for the catalytic oxidation of CO and the F-center concentration in the MgO support. In addition, the catalytic oxidation of CO was studied in a batch reactor over supported Pd/Al2O3 catalysts, a Pd(100) single crystal, as well as polycrystalline metals of rhodium, palladium, and platinum. A hyperactive state, corresponding to an oxygen covered surface, was observed at high O2/CO ratios at elevated pressures. The reaction rate at this state was significantly higher than that on CO-covered surfaces at stoichiometric conditions. The oxygen chemical potential required to achieve the hyperactive state depends on the intrinsic properties of the metal, the particle size, and the reaction temperature. A well-ordered ultra-thin titanium oxide film was synthesized on the Mo(112) surface as a model catalyst support. Two methods were used to prepare this Mo(112)- (8x2)-TiOx film, including direct growth on Mo(112) and indirect growth by deposition of Ti onto monolayer SiO2/Mo(112). The latter method was more reproducible with respect to film quality as determined by low-energy electron diffraction and scanning tunneling microscopy. The thickness of this TiOx film was one monolayer and the oxidation state of Ti was +3 as determined by Auger spectroscopy, high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.

Yan, Zhen

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Scanning tunneling microscopy studies on the structure and stability of model catalysts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An atomic level understanding of the structure and stability of model catalysts is essential for surface science studies in heterogeneous catalysis. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) can operate both in UHV and under realistic pressure conditions with a wide temperature span while providing atomic resolution images. Taking advantage of the ability of STM, our research focuses on 1) investigating the structure and stability of supported Au catalysts, especially under CO oxidation conditions, and 2) synthesizing and characterizing a series of alloy model catalysts for future model catalytic studies. In our study, Au clusters supported on TiO2(110) have been used to model supported Au catalysts. Our STM studies in UHV reveal surface structures of TiO2(110) and show undercoordinated Ti cations play a critical role in the nucleation and stabilization of Au clusters on TiO2(110). Exposing the TiO2(110) surface to water vapor causes the formation of surface hydroxyl groups and subsequently alters the growth kinetics of Au clusters on TiO2(110). STM studies on Au/TiO2(110) during CO oxidation demonstrate the real surface of a working catalyst. Au clusters supported on TiO2(110) sinter rapidly during CO oxidation, but are mostly stable in the single component reactant gas, either CO or O2. The sintering kinetics of supported Au clusters has been measured during CO oxidation and gives an activation energy, which supports the mechanism of CO oxidation induced sintering. CO oxidation was also found to accelerate the surface diffusion of Rh(110). Our results show a direct correlation between the reaction rate of CO oxidation and the diffusion rate of surface metal atoms. Synthesis of alloy model catalysts have also been attempted in our study with their structures successfully characterized. Planar Au-Pd alloy films has been prepared on a Rh(100) surface with surface Au and Pd atoms distinguished by STM. The growth of Au-Ag alloy clusters have been studied by in-situ STM on a cluster-to-cluster basis. Moreover, the atomic structure of a solution-prepared Ru3Sn3 cluster has been resolved on an ultra-thin silica film surface. The atomic structure and adsorption sites of the ultrathin silica film have also been well characterized in our study.

Yang, Fan

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Scanning tunneling microscopic studies of SiO2 thin film supported metal nano-clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation is focused on understanding heterogeneous metal catalysts supported on oxides using a model catalyst system of SiO2 thin film supported metal nano-clusters. The primary technique applied to this study is scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). The most important constituent of this model catalyst system is the SiO2 thin film, as it must be thin and homogeneous enough to apply electron or ion based surface science techniques as well as STM. Ultra-thin SiO2 films were successfully synthesized on a Mo(112) single crystal. The electronic and geometric structure of the SiO2 thin film was investigated by STM combined with LEED, Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The relationship between defects on the SiO2 thin film and the nucleation and growth of metal nano-clusters was also investigated. By monitoring morphology changes during thermal annealing, it was found that the metal-support interaction is strongly dependent on the type of metal as well as on the defect density of the SiO2 thin film. Especially, it was found that oxygen vacancies and Si impurities play an important role in the formation of Pd-silicide. By substituting Ti atoms into the SiO2 thin film network, an atomically mixed TiO2-SiO2 thin film was synthesized. Furthermore, these Ti atoms play a role as heterogeneous defects, resulting in the creation of nucleation sites for Au nano-clusters. A marked increase in Au cluster density due to Ti defects was observed in STM. A TiO2-SiO2 thin film consisting of atomic Ti as well as TiOx islands was also synthesized by using higher amounts of Ti (17 %). More importantly, this oxide surface was found to have sinter resistant properties for Au nano-clusters, which are desirable in order to make highly active Au nano-clusters more stable under reaction conditions.

Min, Byoung Koun

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Towards Applying Reengineering Services to Energy-Efficient Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—Conserving resources and saving energy has become an important issue for information and communication technology. With increasing adoption of smartphones and tablet PCs, reducing energy consumption in mobile computing is of particular significance. User expectations towards their mobile devices are rising, and functionality is increasing. Accordingly, available energy is made a scarce resource. This paper discusses how software reengineering techniques, like dynamic analysis and refactoring, can be applied to the field of energy-aware computing, to monitor, analyze, and optimize the energy profile of mobile applications and devices.

Jan Jelschen Marion Gottschalk

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Collaboration Leads to State-of-the-Art Energy Auditing Tool: Project Highlights (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes the tablet-based simuwatt Audit tool, which uses NREL's advanced energy modeling framework and building energy audit processes, collaboration tools, in-app media, and private company concept3D's geometric capture software combined with real-time connections to large sets of standardized data to perform building energy audits faster than traditional methods. By integrating the NREL Building Component Library, utility rates, weather information, and energy conservation measures, the tool provides investment-grade audits that cost 75% less than traditional audits and stores the data in a consistent and reusable format.

Not Available

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Creating a League of Innovation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Creating a Creating a League of Innovation Amos Auringer, Gartner Inc. DOE IM Conference 2012 Communicating the Business Value of Innovation 2 Competitive Advantages in IT  -Our culture is our competitive advantage.‖  Ultralow back-office costs  Effective IT/OT management to reduce risks Diminishing returns on cost cutting will ensure no enterprise will achieve competitive advantage by cutting IT spending. Tablet Devices - 1969 5 Best Intentions 6 Mobility 7 Digitalization 8 Information Management 9 Information, Context, Location 10 -The achievement of excellence can only occur if the organization promotes a culture of creative dissatisfaction.‖ - Lawrence Miller

423

Development of Low-Cost Manufacturing Processes for Planar, Multilayer Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Elements  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of Phase II of this program, 'Low-Cost Manufacturing Of Multilayer Ceramic Fuel Cells'. The objective of the program is to develop advanced ceramic manufacturing technologies for making planar solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) components that are more economical and reliable for a variety of applications. Phase II development work focused on three distinct manufacturing approaches (or tracks) for planar solid oxide fuel cell elements. Two development tracks, led by NexTech Materials and Oak Ridge National Laboratory, involved co-sintering of planar SOFC elements of cathode-supported and anode-supported variations. A third development track, led by the University of Missouri-Rolla, focused on a revolutionary approach for reducing operating temperature of SOFCs by using spin-coating to deposit ultra-thin, nano-crystalline YSZ electrolyte films. The work in Phase II was supported by characterization work at Ohio State University. The primary technical accomplishments within each of the three development tracks are summarized. Track 1--NexTech's targeted manufacturing process for planar SOFC elements involves tape casting of porous electrode substrates, colloidal-spray deposition of YSZ electrolyte films, co-sintering of bi-layer elements, and screen printing of opposite electrode coatings. The bulk of NexTech's work focused on making cathode-supported elements, although the processes developed at NexTech also were applied to the fabrication of anode-supported cells. Primary accomplishments within this track are summarized below: (1) Scale up of lanthanum strontium manganite (LSM) cathode powder production process; (2) Development and scale-up of tape casting methods for cathode and anode substrates; (3) Development of automated ultrasonic-spray process for depositing YSZ films; (4) Successful co-sintering of flat bi-layer elements (both cathode and anode supported); (5) Development of anode and cathode screen-printing processes; and (6) Demonstration of novel processes for composite cathode and cermet anode materials. Track 2--ORNL's development work focused solely on making anode-supported planar cells by tape casting of a porous anode substrate, screen printing of a YSZ electrolyte film, co-sintering of the bi-layer element, and screen-printing of an opposite cathode coating. Primary accomplishments within this track are summarized below: (1) Development and scale-up of anode tape casting and lamination processes; (2) Development of proprietary ink vehicle for screen-printing processes; (3) Development of screen-printing process for depositing YSZ films; (4) Successful co-sintering of flat bi-layer anode-supported elements; and (5) Development of cathode screen-printing process. Track 3--UMR's process development work involved fabrication of a micro-porous cathode substrate, deposition of a nano-porous interlayer film, deposition of nano-crystalline YSZ electrolyte films from polymeric precursor solutions, and deposition of an anode coating. Primary accomplishments within this track are summarized below: (1) Development and scale up of tape casting and sintering methods for cathode substrates; (2) Deposition of nano-porous ceria interlayer films on cathode substrates; (3) Successful deposition of dense YSZ films on porous cathode substrates; and (4) Identification of several anode material options.

Scott Swartz; Matthew Seabaugh; William Dawson; Tim Armstrong; Harlan Anderson; John Lannutti

2001-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

424

Gas atomized precursor alloy powder for oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic stainless steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gas atomization reaction synthesis (GARS) was employed as a simplified method for producing precursor powders for oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic stainless steels (e.g., Fe-Cr-Y-(Ti,Hf)-O), departing from the conventional mechanical alloying (MA) process. During GARS processing a reactive atomization gas (i.e., Ar-O{sub 2}) was used to oxidize the powder surfaces during primary break-up and rapid solidification of the molten alloy. This resulted in envelopment of the powders by an ultra-thin (t < 150 nm) metastable Cr-enriched oxide layer that was used as a vehicle for solid-state transport of O into the consolidated microstructure. In an attempt to better understand the kinetics of this GARS reaction, theoretical cooling curves for the atomized droplets were calculated and used to establish an oxidation model for this process. Subsequent elevated temperature heat treatments, which were derived from Rhines pack measurements using an internal oxidation model, were used to promote thermodynamically driven O exchange reactions between trapped films of the initial Cr-enriched surface oxide and internal Y-enriched intermetallic precipitates. This novel microstructural evolution process resulted in the successful formation of nano-metric Y-enriched dispersoids, as confirmed using high energy X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), equivalent to conventional ODS alloys from MA powders. The thermal stability of these Y-enriched dispersoids was evaluated using high temperature (1200°C) annealing treatments ranging from 2.5 to 1,000 hrs of exposure. In a further departure from current ODS practice, replacing Ti with additions of Hf appeared to improve the Y-enriched dispersoid thermal stability by means of crystal structure modification. Additionally, the spatial distribution of the dispersoids was found to depend strongly on the original rapidly solidified microstructure. To exploit this, ODS microstructures were engineered from different powder particle size ranges, illustrating microstructural control as a function of particle solidification rate. The consolidation of ultra-fine powders (dia. ? 5?m) resulted in a significant reduction in dispersoid size and spacing, consistent with initial scanning electron microscopy studies on as-atomized cross-sectioned particles that suggested that these powders solidified above the threshold velocity to effectively solute trap Y within the ?-(Fe,Cr) matrix. Interestingly, when the solidification velocity as a function of particle size was extracted from the aforementioned theoretical particle cooling curves, it could be offered as supporting evidence for these microstructure observations. Thermal-mechanical treatments also were used to create and evaluate the stability of a dislocation substructure within these alloys, using microhardness and TEM analysis of the alloy sub-grain and grain structure. Moreover, elevated temperature tensile tests up to 800°C were used to assess the initial mechanical strength of the ODS microstructure.

Rieken, Joel

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

425

H Diffusion through Partially Internally Oxidized Pd-alloy Membranes (U)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1998 Kirchheim et al remarked that ''to their knowledge, experimental results on the diffusion of hydrogen through multi-layers have not yet been reported'' [1]. Their research dealt with diffusion through ultra-thin multi-layers of Nb/Pd which they followed electrochemically using a time-lag method. Their results were somewhat uncertain in that no final conclusion about any effect of the internal interfaces could be reached. Very recently Yamakawa et al [2] investigated Pd/Fe and Pd/Ni multilayers at 378-625 K and found no strong influence of the interfaces, however, there was grain boundary diffusion for the Pd/Ni layers and retardation, possibly due to dislocation trapping. Takano et al [3] studied H diffusion through thin layers of Pd, Ni, or Cu deposited electrochemically on Fe and concluded that complications are introduced by thin films perhaps H trapping at vacancies as the thickness of the layer decreases to very small values. Holleck [4] measured H diffusion through mm thick Pd{sub 0.75}Ag{sub 0.25}/Ta/Pd{sub 0.75}Ag{sub 0.25} layers in the gas phase from 540-873 K and determined D{sub H,Ta} from the overall diffusion constant and the known D{sub H,alloy}; he concluded that the interface did not play a significant role at these temperatures. As in Holleck's, the present research does not concern very thin multi-layers but macroscopic ones, in this case, prepared by internal oxidation. The measurements will be carried out at a lower temperature than Holleck's and with a variety of layer thicknesses. Most previous investigations have employed electrochemical time-lag methods [1,3,5,6] at ambient temperature and have assumed that the solubilities at the interfaces are in the ideal range. To our knowledge, an investigation of diffusion through layers prepared by internal oxidation has not been carried out. Partial internal oxidation of Pd-M alloys leads to outer layers of Pd containing M oxide precipitates while the inner layer remains unoxidized Pd-M alloy. The alloy employed in this research is Pd{sub 0.96}Al{sub 0.04} which was chosen because the authors have had extensive experience with its internal oxidation [7,8] and it has been shown that internally oxidized Pd-Al alloys are more resistant to poisoning by CO than pure Pd [9]. The specific Al content was chosen in order for it to be large enough for the alloy to have a significantly lower permeability than Pd but small enough to internally oxidize. The diffusion results may give some information about internal oxidation.

Wang, D.; Flanagan, Ted B.; Shanahan, K. L.

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Measurements and Studies of Secondary Electron Emission of Diamond Amplified Photocathode  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Diamond Amplified Photocathode (DAP) is a novel approach to generating electrons. By following the primary electron beam, which is generated by traditional electron sources, with an amplifier, the electron beam available to the eventual application is increased by 1 to 2 orders of magnitude in current. Diamond has a very wide band gap of 5.47eV which allows for a good negative electron affinity with simple hydrogenation, diamond can hold more than 2000MV/m field before breakdown. Diamond also provides the best rigidity among all materials. These two characters offer the capability of applying high voltage across very thin diamond film to achieve high SEY and desired emission phase. The diamond amplifier also is capable of handling a large heat load by conduction and sub-nanosecond pulse input. The preparation of the diamond amplifier includes thinning and polishing, cleaning with acid etching, metallization, and hydrogenation. The best mechanical polishing available can provide high purity single crystal diamond films with no less than 100 {micro}m thickness and <15 nm Ra surface roughness. The ideal thickness for 700MHz beam is {approx}30 {micro}m, which requires further thinning with RIE or laser ablation. RIE can achieve atomic layer removal precision and roughness eventually, but the time consumption for this procedure is very significant. Laser ablation proved that with <266nm ps laser beam, the ablation process on the diamond can easily achieve removing a few microns per hour from the surface and <100nm roughness. For amplifier application, laser ablation is an adequate and efficient process to make ultra thin diamond wafers following mechanical polishing. Hydrogenation will terminate the diamond surface with monolayer of hydrogen, and form NEA so that secondary electrons in the conduction band can escape into the vacuum. The method is using hydrogen cracker to strike hydrogen atoms onto the bare diamond surface to form H-C bonds. Two independent experiments were carried out to determine the transport of the electrons within the diamond and their emission at the surface. In transmission mode measurements, the diamond amplifier was coated with metal on both sides, so results simply depend only on the electron transport within the diamond. The SEY for this mode provides one secondary electron per 20eV energy, which gives the gain of more than 200 for 4.7keV (effective energy) primary electrons under 2MV/m. Laser detrapping can help the signal maintain the gain with lops pulse and duty cycle of 1.67 x 10{sup -7}. In emission mode measurements, in which the diamond is prepared as in the actual application, the SEY is {approx}20 for 700eV (effective energy) primary electrons under 1.21MV/m. The electric field applied and the primary electron energy is limited by the experiment setup, but the results show good trend toward large gain under high field. Thermal emittance of the diamond secondary emission is critical for the beam application. A careful design is setup to measure with very fine precision and accuracy of 0.01eV.

Wu,Q.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Table HC6.12 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Number of Household Members, 2005  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Number of Household Members, 2005 2 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Number of Household Members, 2005 Total................................................................................ 111.1 30.0 34.8 18.4 15.9 12.0 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer............................. 35.5 16.3 9.4 4.0 2.7 3.2 Use a Personal Computer.......................................... 75.6 13.8 25.4 14.4 13.2 8.8 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model..................................................... 58.6 10.0 20.0 11.2 10.1 7.3 Laptop Model........................................................ 16.9 3.7 5.4 3.2 3.1 1.5 Hours Turned on Per Week Less than 2 Hours................................................. 13.6 4.0 4.7 1.7 1.8 1.4 2 to 15 Hours........................................................

428

Table HC2.11 Home Electronics Characteristics by Type of Housing Unit, 2005  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Million U.S. Housing Units Total................................................................... 111.1 72.1 7.6 7.8 16.7 6.9 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer ............... 35.5 17.8 3.1 3.7 7.3 3.6 Use a Personal Computer............................. 75.6 54.2 4.5 4.0 9.4 3.4 Number of Desktop PCs 1.............................................................. 50.3 33.9 3.1 3.0 7.6 2.7 2.............................................................. 16.2 12.7 0.9 0.7 1.4 0.5 3 or More................................................. 9.0 7.7 0.5 0.4 0.5 Q Number of Laptop PCs 1.............................................................. 22.5 16.0 1.4 1.3 3.2 0.6 2.............................................................. 4.0 3.2 0.2 Q 0.4 Q 3 or More.................................................

429

homeoffice_household2001.pdf  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1a. Home Office Equipment by South Census Region, 1a. Home Office Equipment by South Census Region, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Home Office Equipment RSE Column Factor: Total U.S. South Census Region RSE Row Factors Total Census Division South Atlantic East South Central West South Central 0.5 0.8 1.2 1.3 1.6 Total .............................................................. 107.0 38.9 20.3 6.8 11.8 NE Households Using Office Equipment ......................................... 96.2 34.6 18.4 6.0 10.1 1.2 Personal Computers 1 ................................. 60.0 20.7 11.7 3.2 5.8 4.0 Number of Desktop PCs 1 ................................................................ 45.1 15.5 8.6 2.6 4.3 4.9 2 or more ................................................... 9.1 3.1 2.0 0.4 0.7 9.6 Number of Laptop PCs

430

Table HC7-6a. Home Office Equipment by Type of Rented Housing Unit,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6a. Home Office Equipment by Type of Rented Housing Unit, 6a. Home Office Equipment by Type of Rented Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Home Office Equipment RSE Column Factor: Total Rented Units Type of Rented Housing Unit RSE Row Factors Single-Family Apartments in Buildings With Mobile Home Two to Four Units Five or More Units 0.5 0.8 1.0 0.9 3.0 Total ............................................... 34.3 10.5 7.4 15.2 1.1 6.9 Households Using Office Equipment .......................... 28.7 9.2 6.5 12.1 0.9 7.5 Personal Computers 1 ................... 14.3 5.3 2.9 5.9 0.3 10.7 Number of Desktop PCs 1 .................................................. 11.0 4.0 2.4 4.4 0.3 11.4 2 or more .................................... 1.7 0.7 0.2 0.7 Q 30.8 Number of Laptop PCs 1 ..................................................

431

Total...............................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

26.7 26.7 28.8 20.6 13.1 22.0 16.6 38.6 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer ........... 35.5 17.1 10.8 4.2 1.8 1.6 10.3 20.6 Use a Personal Computer......................... 75.6 9.6 18.0 16.4 11.3 20.3 6.4 17.9 Number of Desktop PCs 1.......................................................... 50.3 8.3 14.2 11.4 7.2 9.2 5.3 14.2 2.......................................................... 16.2 0.9 2.6 3.7 2.9 6.2 0.8 2.6 3 or More............................................. 9.0 0.4 1.2 1.3 1.2 5.0 0.3 1.1 Number of Laptop PCs 1.......................................................... 22.5 2.2 4.6 4.5 2.9 8.3 1.4 4.0 2.......................................................... 4.0 Q 0.4 0.6 0.4 2.4 Q 0.5 3 or More............................................. 0.7 Q Q Q Q 0.4 Q Q Type of Monitor Used on Most-Used PC Desk-top

432

Total...............................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

20.6 20.6 25.6 40.7 24.2 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer ........... 35.5 6.9 8.1 14.2 6.4 Use a Personal Computer......................... 75.6 13.7 17.5 26.6 17.8 Number of Desktop PCs 1.......................................................... 50.3 9.3 11.9 18.2 11.0 2.......................................................... 16.2 2.9 3.5 5.5 4.4 3 or More............................................. 9.0 1.5 2.1 2.9 2.5 Number of Laptop PCs 1.......................................................... 22.5 4.7 4.6 7.7 5.4 2.......................................................... 4.0 0.6 0.9 1.5 1.1 3 or More............................................. 0.7 Q Q Q 0.3 Type of Monitor Used on Most-Used PC Desk-top CRT (Standard Monitor)................... 45.0 7.9 11.4 15.4 10.2 Flat-panel LCD.................................

433

Million U.S. Housing Units Total............................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

33.0 33.0 8.0 3.4 5.9 14.4 1.2 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer......................... 35.5 15.3 3.0 1.9 3.1 6.4 0.8 Use a Personal Computer...................................... 75.6 17.7 5.0 1.6 2.8 8.0 0.4 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model................................................. 58.6 12.8 4.0 1.1 2.0 5.4 0.3 Laptop Model.................................................... 16.9 4.9 1.0 0.4 0.8 2.6 Q Hours Turned on Per Week Less than 2 Hours............................................. 13.6 3.3 0.8 0.3 0.7 1.3 Q 2 to 15 Hours.................................................... 29.1 6.6 1.9 0.6 0.9 3.1 Q 16 to 40 Hours................................................... 13.5 3.3 1.2 0.2 0.6 1.3 Q 41 to 167 Hours................................................. 6.3 1.4

434

Total....................................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

111.1 47.1 19.0 22.7 22.3 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer.................................. 35.5 16.9 6.5 4.6 7.6 Use a Personal Computer.............................................. 75.6 30.3 12.5 18.1 14.7 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model......................................................... 58.6 22.9 9.8 14.1 11.9 Laptop Model............................................................. 16.9 7.4 2.7 4.0 2.9 Hours Turned on Per Week Less than 2 Hours..................................................... 13.6 5.7 1.8 2.9 3.2 2 to 15 Hours............................................................. 29.1 11.9 5.1 6.5 5.7 16 to 40 Hours........................................................... 13.5 5.5 2.5 3.3 2.2 41 to 167 Hours.........................................................

435

ParCAT: Parallel Climate Analysis Toolkit  

SciTech Connect

Climate science is employing increasingly complex models and simulations to analyze the past and predict the future of Earth s climate. This growth in complexity is creating a widening gap between the data being produced and the ability to analyze the datasets. Parallel computing tools are necessary to analyze, compare, and interpret the simulation data. The Parallel Climate Analysis Toolkit (ParCAT) provides basic tools to efficiently use parallel computing techniques to make analysis of these datasets manageable. The toolkit provides the ability to compute spatio-temporal means, differences between runs or differences between averages of runs, and histograms of the values in a data set. ParCAT is implemented as a command-line utility written in C. This allows for easy integration in other tools and allows for use in scripts. This also makes it possible to run ParCAT on many platforms from laptops to supercomputers. ParCAT outputs NetCDF files so it is compatible with existing utilities such as Panoply and UV-CDAT. This paper describes ParCAT and presents results from some example runs on the Titan system at ORNL.

Smith, Brian E [ORNL; Steed, Chad A [ORNL; Shipman, Galen M [ORNL; Ricciuto, Daniel M [ORNL; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Wehner, Michael [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Williams, Dean N. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Integrated Power Adapter: Isolated Converter with Integrated Passives and Low Material Stress  

SciTech Connect

ADEPT Project: CPES at Virginia Tech is developing an extremely efficient power converter that could be used in power adapters for small, lightweight laptops and other types of mobile electronic devices. Power adapters convert electrical energy into useable power for an electronic device, and they currently waste a lot of energy when they are plugged into an outlet to power up. CPES at Virginia Tech is integrating high-density capacitors, new magnetic materials, high-frequency integrated circuits, and a constant-flux transformer to create its efficient power converter. The high-density capacitors enable the power adapter to store more energy. The new magnetic materials also increase energy storage, and they can be precisely dispensed using a low-cost ink-jet printer which keeps costs down. The high-frequency integrated circuits can handle more power, and they can handle it more efficiently. And, the constant-flux transformer processes a consistent flow of electrical current, which makes the converter more efficient.

None

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

homeoffice_household2001.pdf  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2a. Home Office Equipment by Year of Construction, 2a. Home Office Equipment by Year of Construction, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Home Office Equipment RSE Column Factor: Total Year of Construction RSE Row Factors 1990 to 2001 1 1980 to 1989 1970 to 1979 1960 to 1969 1950 to 1959 1949 or Before 0.4 1.4 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.0 Total ............................................... 107.0 15.5 18.2 18.8 13.8 14.2 26.6 4.2 Households Using Office Equipment .......................... 96.2 14.9 16.7 17.0 12.2 13.0 22.4 4.4 Personal Computers 2 ................... 60.0 11.0 11.6 10.3 7.2 7.8 12.0 5.3 Number of Desktop PCs 1 .................................................. 45.1 8.0 9.0 7.7 5.3 6.1 9.1 5.8 2 or more .................................... 9.1 1.8 1.6 2.0 1.1 1.0 1.6 11.8 Number of Laptop PCs 1 ..................................................

438

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4a. Home Office Equipment by Type of Housing Unit, 4a. Home Office Equipment by Type of Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Home Office Equipment RSE Column Factor: Total Type of Housing Unit RSE Row Factors Single-Family Apartments in Buildings With Mobile Home Two to Four Units Five or More Units 0.4 0.5 1.7 1.5 2.2 Total ............................................... 107.0 73.7 9.5 17.0 6.8 4.1 Households Using Office Equipment .......................... 96.2 68.2 8.5 13.8 5.8 4.5 Personal Computers 1 ................... 60.0 46.4 4.1 6.8 2.7 5.9 Number of Desktop PCs 1 .................................................. 45.1 34.4 3.3 5.2 2.2 6.3 2 or more .................................... 9.1 7.7 0.3 0.8 0.3 15.0 Number of Laptop PCs 1 .................................................. 12.0 9.4 0.8

439

Table HC9.11 Home Electronics Characteristics by Climate Zone, 2005  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11 Home Electronics Characteristics by Climate Zone, 2005 11 Home Electronics Characteristics by Climate Zone, 2005 Million U.S. Housing Units Total................................................................... 111.1 10.9 26.1 27.3 24.0 22.8 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer ............... 35.5 3.2 8.3 8.9 7.7 7.5 Use a Personal Computer............................. 75.6 7.8 17.8 18.4 16.3 15.3 Number of Desktop PCs 1.............................................................. 50.3 5.1 12.4 11.9 10.5 10.4 2.............................................................. 16.2 1.8 3.4 4.2 3.6 3.2 3 or More................................................. 9.0 0.9 2.0 2.3 2.2 1.7 Number of Laptop PCs 1.............................................................. 22.5 2.1 4.9 5.8 5.1 4.6 2..............................................................

440

Thanks for the New Printer, Santa! Now What Do I Do with the Old One? |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thanks for the New Printer, Santa! Now What Do I Do with the Old Thanks for the New Printer, Santa! Now What Do I Do with the Old One? Thanks for the New Printer, Santa! Now What Do I Do with the Old One? January 4, 2011 - 6:30am Addthis Amy Foster Parish This year for Christmas, Santa was kind enough to bring me a new wireless printer to replace my old one. When I opened the box, you can't imagine my glee. I'm a fan of using my laptop as its name implies, so you'll typically find me typing away with it on my lap while snugly ensconced in the living room in front of the fire. Without a wireless printer, though, my cozy work was constantly interrupted so I could schlep into the office to print things-all of which resulted in a lot of grumbling on my part. The new printer will no doubt make my life easier. But there is one

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441

Terms of Use | VIMSS - Virtual Institute for Microbial Stress and Survival  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Terms of Use Terms of Use Please read these Terms of Use ("Terms") carefully before accessing the web site. By accessing the LBNL web site you indicate that you have read the following terms and agree to be bound by and comply with them. If you do not so agree, please promptly exit. SECURITY NOTICE Information from this server resides on a computer system funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. This computer system is the property of the United States Government and is for authorized use only. The use of this system may be monitored for computer security purposes. Any unauthorized access to this system is prohibited and is subject to criminal and civil penalties under Federal Laws including but not limited to Public Laws 83-703 and 99-474. Each time you use this system (from here, from home, or on your personal laptop connected to an LBNL system), you consent to such interception, auditing, and related activity by authorizing personnel; further, LBNL may detain, access, and copy files from a non-LBNL computer when there is reason to believe misuse has occurred.

442

HyEnergy Systems Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HyEnergy Systems Inc HyEnergy Systems Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name HyEnergy Systems Inc Place Austin, Texas Zip 78730 Product Developer of the FlatStack Fuel Cell System, a hybrid battery/fuel cell family providing lightweight and low cost power for devices such as laptop computers and military communications equipment. Coordinates 30.267605°, -97.742984° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.267605,"lon":-97.742984,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

443

Million U.S. Housing Units Total............................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Personal Computers Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer......................... 35.5 3.2 8.3 8.9 7.7 7.5 Use a Personal Computer...................................... 75.6 7.8 17.8 18.4 16.3 15.3 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model................................................. 58.6 6.2 14.3 14.2 12.1 11.9 Laptop Model.................................................... 16.9 1.6 3.5 4.3 4.2 3.4 Hours Turned on Per Week Less than 2 Hours............................................. 13.6 1.3 3.6 3.0 3.1 2.6 2 to 15 Hours.................................................... 29.1 3.2 6.8 7.1 6.0 6.0 16 to 40 Hours................................................... 13.5 1.6 3.3 3.6 2.5 2.5 41 to 167 Hours................................................. 6.3 0.6 1.2 1.4 1.8 1.3 On All the Time.................................................

444

Total.........................................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

..... ..... 111.1 7.1 7.0 8.0 12.1 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer...................................... 35.5 3.0 2.0 2.7 3.1 Use a Personal Computer.................................................. 75.6 4.2 5.0 5.3 9.0 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model............................................................. 58.6 3.2 3.9 4.0 6.7 Laptop Model................................................................. 16.9 1.0 1.1 1.3 2.4 Hours Turned on Per Week Less than 2 Hours......................................................... 13.6 0.7 0.9 0.9 1.4 2 to 15 Hours................................................................. 29.1 1.7 2.1 1.9 3.4 16 to 40 Hours............................................................... 13.5 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.8 41 to 167 Hours.............................................................

445

Total....................................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

25.6 25.6 40.7 24.2 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer.................................. 35.5 6.9 8.1 14.2 6.4 Use a Personal Computer.............................................. 75.6 13.7 17.5 26.6 17.8 Most-Used Personal Computer Type of PC Desk-top Model......................................................... 58.6 10.4 14.1 20.5 13.7 Laptop Model............................................................. 16.9 3.3 3.4 6.1 4.1 Hours Turned on Per Week Less than 2 Hours..................................................... 13.6 2.4 3.4 5.0 2.9 2 to 15 Hours............................................................. 29.1 5.2 7.0 10.3 6.6 16 to 40 Hours........................................................... 13.5 3.1 2.8 4.1 3.4 41 to 167 Hours.........................................................

446

Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Batteries Batteries battery/cell diagram Battery/Cell Diagram Batteries are important to our everyday lives and show up in various consumer electronics and appliances, from MP3 players to laptops to our vehicles. Batteries play an important role in our vehicles and are gradually becoming more and more important as they assume energy storage responsibilities from fuel in vehicle propulsion systems. A battery is a device that stores chemical energy in its active materials and converts it, on demand, into electrical energy by means of an electrochemical reaction. An electrochemical reaction is a chemical reaction involving the transfer of electrons, and it is that reaction which creates electricity. There are three main parts of a battery: the anode, cathode, and electrolyte. The anode is the "fuel" electrode which gives up electrons to the external circuit to create the flow of electrons or electricity. The cathode is the oxidizing electrode which accepts electrons in the external circuit. Finally, the electrolyte carries the electric current, as ions, inside the cell, between the anode and cathode.

447

Sesame: Self-Constructive Energy Modeling for Battery-Powered Mobile Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

System energy models are important for energy opti-mization and management in mobile systems. However, existing system energy models are built in lab with the help from a second computer. Not only are they labor-intensive; but also they will not adequately account for the great diversity in the hardware and usage of mobile systems. Moreover, existing system energy models are intended for energy estimation for time intervals of one second or longer; they do not provide the required rate for fine-grain use such as per-application energy accounting. In this work, we study a self-modeling paradigm in which a mobile system automatically generates its energy model without any external assistance. Our solution, Se-same, leverages the possibility of self power measurement through the smart battery interface and employs a suite of novel techniques to achieve accuracy and rate much higher than that of the smart battery interface. We report the implementation and evaluation of Se-same on a laptop and a smartphone. The e...

Dong, Mian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Coexistence in preferential attachment networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Competition in markets is ubiquitous: cell-phone providers, computer manufacturers, and sport gear brands all vie for customers. Though several coexisting competitors are often observed in empirical data, many current theoretical models of competition on small-world networks predict a single winner taking over the majority of the network. We introduce a new model of product adoption that focuses on word-of-mouth recommendations to provide an explanation for this coexistence of competitors. The key property of our model is that customer choices evolve simultaneously with the network of customers. When a new node joins the network, it chooses neighbors according to preferential attachment, and then chooses its type based on the number of initial neighbors of each type. This can model a new cell-phone user choosing a cell-phone provider, a new student choosing a laptop, or a new athletic team member choosing a gear provider. We provide a detailed analysis of the new model; in particular, we determine the possibl...

Antunovi?, Ton?i; Racz, Miklos Z

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

International Journal of Computer Research ISSN 1535-6698 Volume 11, Number 1, pp. 1-12 2002 Nova Science Publishers, Inc. PROTOCOLS FOR SERVICE DISCOVERY IN DYNAMIC AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile and wireless computing is permeating the globe, affecting the way we live and conduct business using portable computers such as laptops, hand-held PCs, Palm computers, and even wearable computers. In becoming mobile, users innocently expect and demand the same computing luxury they used to (and still) enjoy in the fixed computing environment. Unfortunately, network resources (e.g. printers, fax machines, and file systems) and application software do not follow the mobile users when they leave their offices or homes, or when they relocate to another temporary office or home. Supporting true mobility of users and business task forces will therefore require changing the way application software is packaged and deployed. It will also require changing the mechanisms by which system resource are configured and managed. The lesson quickly learned by the mobile computing research community is that mobility and dynamism are synonymous. Service discovery protocols (SDP) are re-shaping the way software and network resources are configured, deployed, and advertised, all in favor of the mobile user. Furthermore, so called wireless local connectivity technologies (e.g. Infrared and Bluetooth) are fueling the importance of SDP by enabling the mobile user to discover and use proximity services seamlessly and effortlessly. In this paper we discuss the emerging technology of service discovery in the context of mobile and wireless computing, with emphasis on Jini, UpnP, and Salutation protocols.

Mobile Networks Choonhwa; Choonhwa Lee; Sumi Helal

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Managing turbine-generator outages by computer  

SciTech Connect

This article describes software being developed to address the need for computerized planning and documentation programs that can help manage outages. Downsized power-utility companies and the growing demand for independent, competitive engineering and maintenance services have created a need for a computer-assisted planning and technical-direction program for turbine-generator outages. To meet this need, a software tool is now under development that can run on a desktop or laptop personal computer to assist utility personnel and technical directors in outage planning. Total Outage Planning Software (TOPS), which runs on Windows, takes advantage of the mass data storage available with compact-disc technology by archiving the complete outage documentation on CD. Previous outage records can then be indexed, searched, and viewed on a computer with the click of a mouse. Critical-path schedules, parts lists, parts order tracking, work instructions and procedures, custom data sheets, and progress reports can be generated by computer on-site during an outage.

Reinhart, E.R. [Reinhart and Associates, Inc., Austin, TX (United States)

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Fuel cell systems for personal and portable power applications  

SciTech Connect

Fuel cells are devices that electrochemically convert fuel, usually hydrogen gas, to directly produce electricity. Fuel cells were initially developed for use in the space program to provide electricity and drinking water for astronauts. Fuel cells are under development for use in the automobile industry to power cars and buses with the advantage of lower emissions and higher efficiency than internal combustion engines. Fuel cells also have great potential to be used in portable consumer products like cellular phones and laptop computers, as well as military applications. In fact, any products that use batteries can be powered by fuel cells. In this project, we examine fuel cell system trade-offs between fuel cell type and energy storage/hydrogen production for portable power generation. The types of fuel cells being examined include stored hydrogen PEM (polymer electrolyte), direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC) and indirect methanol fuel cells, where methanol is reformed producing hydrogen. These fuel cells systems can operate at or near ambient conditions, which make them potentially optimal for use in manned personal power applications. The expected power production for these systems is in the range of milliwatts to 500 watts of electrical power for either personal or soldier field use. The fuel cell system trade-offs examine hydrogen storage by metal hydrides, carbon nanotubes, and compressed hydrogen tanks. We examine the weights each system, volume, fuel storage, system costs, system peripherals, power output, and fuel cell feasibility in portable devices.

Fateen, S. A. (Shaheerah A.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Hybrid Rate Control for IEEE 802.11  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Streaming multimedia content in real-time over a wireless link is a challenging task because of the rapid fluctuations in link conditions that can occur due to movement, interference, and so on. The popular IEEE 802.11 standard includes low-level tuning parameters like the transmission rate. Standard device drivers for today's wireless products are based on gathering statistics, and consequently, adapt rather slowly to changes in conditions. To meet the strict latency requirements of streaming applications, we designed and implemented an advanced control algorithm that uses signal-strength (SNR) information to achieve fast responses. Since SNR readings are quite noisy we do not use that information to directly control the rate setting, but rather as a safeguard limiting the range of feasible settings to choose from. We report on real-time experiments involving two laptops equipped with IEEE 802.11a wireless interface cards. The results show that using SNR information greatly enhances responsiveness in comparison to statistics-based rate controllers.

Ivaylo Haratcherev; Reginald Lagendijk; Koen Langendoen; Henk Sips

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

SNR-based Rate Control in WaveLAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Streaming multimedia content in real-time over a wireless link is a challenging task because of the rapid fluctuations in link conditions that can occur due to movement, interference, and so on. The popular IEEE 802.11 standard includes low-level tuning parameters like the transmission rate. Standard device drivers for today's wireless products are based on gathering statistics, and consequently, adapt rather slowly to changes in conditions. To meet the strict latency requirements of streaming applications, we designed and implemented an advanced control algorithm that uses signal-strength (SNR) information to achieve fast responses. Since SNR readings are quite noisy we do not use that information to directly control the rate setting, but rather as a safeguard limiting the range of feasible settings to choose from. We report on real-time experiments involving two laptops equipped with IEEE 802.11a wireless interface cards. The results show that using SNR information greatly enhances responsiveness in comparison to statistics-based rate controllers.

Ivaylo Haratcherev; Koen Langendoen; Reginald Lagendijk; Henk Sips

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Digital field trip to the Central Nevada Thrust Belt  

SciTech Connect

Hydrocarbon exploration in the Central Nevada Thrust Belt is still in its infancy. However, this thrust belt contains all the elements necessary for hydrocarbon accumulations: thick, organically-rich shales; reefs, regional unconformities, karst surfaces, porous sandstones, and extensive and pervasive fractures; anticlines tens of miles long by miles wide; thrust faults that juxtapose potential source and reservoir rocks; and oil seeps. Along a fairway from Las Vegas to Elko, for example, thick Mississippian shales contain 4-6% total organic carbon and are oil-prone and thermally mature. This presentation from a laptop computer and LCD projector is a multimedia version of our October 12-14, 1995 field trip to document the hydrocarbon potential of the thrust belt in Clark, Lincoln, and Nye Counties. Outcrop images were recorded by a digital camera that has a resolution equivalent to a 14 inch computer screen; these images were then downloaded to the computer. All of the images were processed digitally on location to enhance picture quality and color contrast. Many were annotated on location with our observations, measurements, and interpretations. These field annotations are supplemented in this presentation by laboratory analyses. The presentation includes full-color, annotated outcrop images, sounds, and animations. The results show the viability of the new, inexpensive digital cameras to geologic field work in which a multimedia report, ready for presentation to management, can be generated in the field.

Chamberlain, A.K. (Cedar Strat Corp., Hiko, NV (United States)); Hook, S.C. (Texaco E P Technology Department, Houston, TX (United States)); Frost, K.R. (Texaco Exploration and Production, Inc., Houston, TX (United States))

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Statistical Information of the Increased Demand for Watch the VOD with the Increased Sophistication in the Mobile Devices,Communications and Internet Penetration in Asia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the rapid progress of the media streaming applications such as video streaming can be classified into two types of streaming, Live video streaming, Video on Demand (VoD). Live video streaming is a service which allows the clients to watch many TV channels over the internet and the clients able to use one operation to perform is to switch the channels. Video on Demand (VoD) is one of the most important applications for the internet of the future and has become an interactive multimedia service which allows the users to start watching the video of their choice at anytime and anywhere, especially after the rapid deployment of the wireless networks and mobile devices. In this paper provide statistical information about the Internet, communications and mobile devices etc. This has led to an increased demand for the development, communication and computational powers of many of the mobile wireless subscribers/mobile devices such as laptops, PDAs, smart phones and notebook. These techniques are utilized to obtain...

Alomari, Saleh Ali

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Cancer and birth defects surveillance system for communities around the Savannah River Site: Phase 2 -- Birth defects. Technical progress report, year 01  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River Region Health Information System Birth Defects Registry (SRRHIS-BDR) began on September 30, 1994. As with the SRRHIS Cancer Registry, surveillance of the 12 Georgia counties was subcontracted to Emory University School of Public Health. Collaborative efforts between the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) and Emory University staffs have been characterized by warm relationships and commitment to developing a state of the art registry. As a result of early planning efforts, the authors were able to actually activate the data collection. As of the end of September 1995, partial data from the 1994 birth cohort and up-to-date data for the 1995 birth cohort had been collected on the South Carolina side. The Georgia Staff started later and have not yet caught up to the 1994 level. South Carolina was able to start earlier because they were fortunate to quickly recruit an abstractor. Also, by the end of the first year, an innovative automated data entry system for laptop computers was developed by the computer staff to facilitate and improve data collection.

Dunbar, J.B.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Portable NDA equipment for enrichment measurements for the HEU transparency program  

SciTech Connect

In October 1996, the Department of Energy (DOE) and MINATOM agreed to use portable non-destructive assay (NDA) equipment to measure the {sup 235}U enrichment of material subject to the HEU Transparency agreement. A system based on the ''enrichment meter'' method and high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors had been previously developed for this application. Instead, sodium iodide (NaI) detectors were chosen to measure {sup 235}U enrichment because HPGe systems might reveal sensitive information. Although the accuracy of the NaI systems is less than an HPGe system, it still satisfies the transparency requirements. The equipment consists of a collimated NaI detector, a Canberra Inspector Multi-channel Analyzer, and a laptop computer. The units have been used to confirm the enrichment of material at Russian facilities since January 1997. This paper compares the performance of the NaI systems with the HPGe system and discusses some significant differences.

Decman, D J; Glaser, J; Hernandez, J M; Luke, S J

1999-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

458

Policies for Increasing Throughput and Decreasing Power Consumption in Bluetooth MAC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bluetooth is a fast emerging standard for indoor pico-cellular wireless networks. Power is at a premium in typical Bluetooth devices like palmtops, PDAs, laptops and mobile phones. The Bluetooth standard defines various modes for reducing power consumption of the devices by reducing their transmission and reception activities. System throughput can be increased by keeping Bluetooth devices in low power mode in case of low data rates at those devices, by avoiding unnecessary polling packets. In this paper we propose policies for scheduling and switching of power modes of Bluetooth devices for increasing throughput and decreasing power consumption. All the proposed schemes, along with a policy where all the devices are always in active mode, and a policy with previous information of packet arrival times are implemented on a Bluetooth simulator for comparing their performance. Performance of the policies is compared for different traffic models and actual traffic traces. The policies are found to perform well in terms of power savings and throughput enhancement.

Indraneel Chakraborty; Abhishek Kashyap; Anupam Rastogi; Huzur Saran; Rajeev Shorey; Apurva Kumar

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

ENTHALPY-BASED THERMAL EVOLUTION OF LOOPS. II. IMPROVEMENTS TO THE MODEL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper develops the zero-dimensional (0D) hydrodynamic coronal loop model 'Enthalpy-based Thermal Evolution of Loops' (EBTEL) proposed by Klimchuk et al., which studies the plasma response to evolving coronal heating, especially impulsive heating events. The basis of EBTEL is the modeling of mass exchange between the corona and transition region (TR) and chromosphere in response to heating variations, with the key parameter being the ratio of the TR to coronal radiation. We develop new models for this parameter that now include gravitational stratification and a physically motivated approach to radiative cooling. A number of examples are presented, including nanoflares in short and long loops, and a small flare. The new features in EBTEL are important for accurate tracking of, in particular, the density. The 0D results are compared to a 1D hydro code (Hydrad) with generally good agreement. EBTEL is suitable for general use as a tool for (1) quick-look results of loop evolution in response to a given heating function, (2) extensive parameter surveys, and (3) situations where the modeling of hundreds or thousands of elemental loops is needed. A single run takes a few seconds on a contemporary laptop.

Cargill, P. J. [Space and Atmospheric Physics, The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BW (United Kingdom); Bradshaw, S. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 (United States); Klimchuk, J. A., E-mail: p.cargill@imperial.ac.uk [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Solar Physics Laboratory, Code 671, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

460

Experiences in managing energy with ecosystem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy consumption is a major systems-design challenge. ECOSystem incorporates the “currentcy model, ” which lets the operating system manage energy as a first-class resource. It can also express complex energy-related goals and behaviors, leading to more effective, unified management policies. Mobile devices are becoming increasingly popular, from laptops, PDAs, and cell phones to emerging platforms such as wireless sensor networks. Available battery energy has become a critical mobilesystem resource. A mobile device’s usefulness is often limited not by its hardware’s raw speed but by its battery’s energy. Ideally, designers should address the energy problem at all system levels: hardware, operating system, and application. At the hardware level, low-power circuit design can reduce energy consumption. In addition, hardware devices can provide device-specific power management features that you can exploit with power-management policies at the system’s higher levels. At the OS level, we can observe the applications’ and devices ’ combined resource demands. Existing OSlevel energy management tends to focus on individual devices. For example, scheduling for processors with dynamic voltage scaling (DVS) allocates CPU time to tasks and manipulates the CPU power states. 1–4 Similarly, disk and network policies concentrate only on the request patterns to their specific devices and on managing their available

Carla S. Ellis; R. Lebeck

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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461

Atomic resolution of Lithium Ions in LiCoO  

SciTech Connect

LiCoO2 is the most common lithium storage material for lithium rechargeable batteries, used widely to power portable electronic devices such as laptop computers. Lithium arrangements in the CoO2 framework have a profound effect on the structural stability and electrochemical properties of LixCoO2 (0 < x < 1), however, probing lithium ions has been difficult using traditional X-ray and neutron diffraction techniques. Here we have succeeded in simultaneously resolving columns of cobalt, oxygen, and lithium atoms in layered LiCoO2 battery material using experimental focal series of LiCoO2 images obtained at sub-Angstrom resolution in a mid-voltage transmission electron microscope. Lithium atoms are the smallest and lightest metal atoms, and scatter electrons only very weakly. We believe our observations of lithium to be the first by electron microscopy, and that they show promise to direct visualization of the ordering of lithium and vacancy in LixCoO2.

Shao-Horn, Yang; Croguennec, Laurence; Delmas, Claude; Nelson, Chris; O' Keefe, Michael A.

2003-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

462

Analysis and design of power conditioning systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A combination of high prices of fossil fuels and the increased awareness of their negative environmental impact has influenced the development of new cleaner energy sources. Among various viable technologies, fuel cells have emerged as one of the most promising sources for both portable and stationary applications. Fuel cell stacks produce DC voltage with a 2:1 variation in output voltage from no load to full load conditions. Hence, to increase the utilization efficiency and system stability, a power conditioner consisting of DC-DC and DC-AC converters is required for load interface. The design of power conditioners is driven by the application. This dissertation presents several different solutions for applications ranging from low-power portable sources for small electronics and laptop computers to megawatt-power applications for fuel cell power plants. The design and analysis for each power conditioner is presented in detail and the performance is verified using simulations and prototypes. Special consideration is given to the role of supercapacitors who act as the additional energy storage elements. It is shown that the supercapacitor connected at the terminals of a fuel cell can contribute to increased steady state stability when powering constant power loads, improved transient stability against load transients, and increased fuel efficiency (i.e. reduced hydrogen consumption).

Harfman Todorovic, Maja

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

New Developments in Battery Chargers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Electronic equipment is increasingly becoming smaller, lighter, and more functional, thanks to the push of technological advancements and the pull from customer demand. The result of these demands has been rapid advances in battery technology and in the associated circuitry for battery charging and protection. For many years, nickel-cadmium (NiCd) batteries have been the standard for small electronic systems. A few larger systems, such as laptop computers and high-power radios, operated on "gel-cell " lead-acid batteries. Eventually, the combined effects of environmental problems and increased demand on the batteries led to the development of new battery technologies: nickel-metal hydride (NiMH), rechargeable alkaline, lithium ion (Li+), and lithium polymer. These new battery technologies require more sophisticated charging and protection circuitry to maximize performance and ensure safety. NiCd and NiMH Batteries NiCd has long been the preferred technology for rechargeable batteries in portable electronic equipment, and in some ways, NiCd batteries still outperform the newer technologies. NiCd batteries have less capacity than Li+ or NiMH types, but their low impedance is attractive in applications that require high current for short periods. Power tools, for example, will continue to use NiCd battery packs indefinitely.

unknown authors

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Attempting clairvoyance with battery performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The light-weight, long-lasting, high-performance attributes of cellular phones and laptop computers, among other equally impressive portable devices currently in the marketplace, are responsible for igniting the overwhelming growth of the battery-powered electronics industry. The demand for smaller and longer lasting solutions, in fact, is only increasing, and key to this success is the battery, which can range from single-use alkaline and zinc-air to rechargeable nickel-cadmium, nickel-metal hydride, lithium-ion, and lithium-polymer technologies. Unfortunately, however, advancements in circuit and system integration have outpaced energy and power density improvements in the battery. Consequently, as batteries conform to the size constraints of portable applications, capacity and output power are necessarily compromised. Degradation in battery performance over time not only affects functionality but also operational life, proving inadequate the traditional assumption that the battery is an ideal voltage source. Including the effects of the battery on state-of-theart systems during the design phase is therefore of increasing importance for optimal life and performance. The problem is securing a suitable Cadence-compatible model. Battery Models State-of-the-art electrical models for batteries are either Thevenin-, impedance-, or runtime-based. Thevenin- and impedance-based models, shown in Figures 1(a)-(b), assume both open-circuit voltage and capacity or state-of-charge (SOC) are constant and approximate loading and ac/transient effects with an impedance network of passive devices for

A. Rincón-mora; Min Chen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Million U.S. Housing Units Total...................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

78.1 78.1 64.1 4.2 1.8 2.3 5.7 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer ............... 35.5 20.3 14.8 1.2 0.6 0.9 2.8 Use a Personal Computer............................. 75.6 57.8 49.2 2.9 1.2 1.4 3.0 Number of Desktop PCs 1.............................................................. 50.3 37.0 30.5 2.2 0.8 1.1 2.4 2.............................................................. 16.2 13.1 11.6 0.6 0.2 Q 0.4 3 or More................................................. 9.0 7.7 7.2 Q Q Q Q Number of Laptop PCs 1.............................................................. 22.5 17.0 14.7 1.0 0.4 0.4 0.5 2.............................................................. 4.0 3.3 3.0 Q Q Q Q 3 or More................................................. 0.7 0.5 0.5 Q N N Q Type of Monitor Used on Most-Used PC Desk-top CRT (Standard Monitor).......................

466

Table HC7-5a. Home Office Equipment by Type of Owner-Occupied Housing Unit,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5a. Home Office Equipment by Type of Owner-Occupied Housing Unit, 5a. Home Office Equipment by Type of Owner-Occupied Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Home Office Equipment RSE Column Factor: Total Owner- Occupied Units Type of Owner-Occupied Housing Unit RSE Row Factors Single-Family Apartments in Buildings With Mobile Home Two to Four Units Five or More Units 0.3 0.3 2.1 3.0 1.6 Total ............................................... 72.7 63.2 2.1 1.8 5.7 6.7 Households Using Office Equipment .......................... 67.5 59.0 2.0 1.7 4.8 7.0 Personal Computers 1 ................... 45.7 41.1 1.3 0.9 2.4 8.6 Number of Desktop PCs 1 .................................................. 34.1 30.5 1.0 0.7 1.9 9.7 2 or more .................................... 7.4 7.0 Q Q 0.2 18.4 Number of Laptop PCs 1 ..................................................

467

Total...............................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

47.1 47.1 19.0 22.7 22.3 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer ........... 35.5 16.9 6.5 4.6 7.6 Use a Personal Computer......................... 75.6 30.3 12.5 18.1 14.7 Number of Desktop PCs 1.......................................................... 50.3 21.1 8.3 10.7 10.1 2.......................................................... 16.2 6.2 2.8 4.1 3.0 3 or More............................................. 9.0 2.9 1.4 3.2 1.6 Number of Laptop PCs 1.......................................................... 22.5 9.1 3.6 6.0 3.8 2.......................................................... 4.0 1.5 0.6 1.3 0.7 3 or More............................................. 0.7 0.3 Q Q Q Type of Monitor Used on Most-Used PC Desk-top CRT (Standard Monitor)................... 45.0 17.7 7.5 10.2 9.6 Flat-panel LCD.................................

468

Total...............................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0.7 0.7 21.7 6.9 12.1 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer ........... 35.5 14.2 7.2 2.8 4.2 Use a Personal Computer......................... 75.6 26.6 14.5 4.1 7.9 Number of Desktop PCs 1.......................................................... 50.3 18.2 10.0 2.9 5.3 2.......................................................... 16.2 5.5 3.0 0.7 1.8 3 or More............................................. 9.0 2.9 1.5 0.5 0.8 Number of Laptop PCs 1.......................................................... 22.5 7.7 4.3 1.1 2.4 2.......................................................... 4.0 1.5 0.9 Q 0.4 3 or More............................................. 0.7 Q Q Q Q Type of Monitor Used on Most-Used PC Desk-top CRT (Standard Monitor)................... 45.0 15.4 7.9 2.8 4.8 Flat-panel LCD.................................

469

Table HC7-8a. Home Office Equipment by Urban/Rural Location,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8a. Home Office Equipment by Urban/Rural Location, 8a. Home Office Equipment by Urban/Rural Location, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Home Office Equipment RSE Column Factor: Total Urban/Rural Location 1 RSE Row Factors City Town Suburbs Rural 0.5 0.9 1.3 1.2 1.4 Total .............................................................. 107.0 49.9 18.0 21.2 17.9 4.1 Households Using Office Equipment ......................................... 96.2 43.9 16.0 20.2 16.1 4.1 Personal Computers 2 ................................. 60.0 25.6 9.3 15.0 10.1 4.7 Number of Desktop PCs 1 ................................................................ 45.1 19.3 7.3 10.7 7.9 5.3 2 or more ................................................... 9.1 3.5 1.2 3.2 1.1 9.8 Number of Laptop PCs 1 ................................................................

470

homeoffice_household2001.pdf  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3a. Home Office Equipment by Household Income, 3a. Home Office Equipment by Household Income, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Home Office Equipment RSE Column Factor: Total 2001 Household Income Below Poverty Line Eli- gible for Fed- eral Assist- ance 1 RSE Row Factors Less than $14,999 $15,000 to $29,999 $30,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or More 0.4 1.9 1.2 1.0 0.6 1.9 0.9 Total ............................................... 107.0 18.7 22.9 27.1 38.3 15.0 47.6 3.0 Households Using Office Equipment .......................... 96.2 13.2 19.8 25.5 37.7 10.7 38.8 3.2 Personal Computers 2 ................... 60.0 3.7 8.7 16.0 31.6 3.7 17.4 4.6 Number of Desktop PCs 1 .................................................. 45.1 2.8 7.1 12.8 22.4 2.8 13.6 5.1 2 or more .................................... 9.1 0.6 0.7 1.7 6.2 0.6 2.2 13.0 Number of Laptop PCs

471

Million U.S. Housing Units Total...................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

33.0 33.0 8.0 3.4 5.9 14.4 1.2 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer ............... 35.5 15.3 3.0 1.9 3.1 6.4 0.8 Use a Personal Computer............................. 75.6 17.7 5.0 1.6 2.8 8.0 0.4 Number of Desktop PCs 1.............................................................. 50.3 13.3 3.4 0.9 2.2 6.5 0.3 2.............................................................. 16.2 3.1 1.1 0.3 0.5 1.2 Q 3 or More................................................. 9.0 1.3 0.5 0.3 Q 0.3 N Number of Laptop PCs 1.............................................................. 22.5 5.5 1.3 0.4 0.9 2.7 Q 2.............................................................. 4.0 0.8 Q Q Q 0.3 N 3 or More................................................. 0.7 Q N Q Q Q N Type of Monitor Used on Most-Used PC Desk-top CRT (Standard Monitor).......................

472

homeoffice_household2001.pdf  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a. Home Office Equipment by Climate Zone, a. Home Office Equipment by Climate Zone, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Home Office Equipment RSE Column Factor: Total Climate Zone 1 RSE Row Factors Fewer than 2,000 CDD and -- 2,000 CDD or More and Fewer than 4,000 HDD More than 7,000 HDD 5,500 to 7,000 HDD 4,000 to 5,499 HDD Fewer than 4,000 HDD 0.4 1.9 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.0 Total ............................................... 107.0 9.2 28.6 24.0 21.0 24.1 7.9 Households Using Office Equipment .......................... 96.2 8.4 26.2 21.1 19.0 21.5 7.8 Personal Computers 2 ................... 60.0 5.7 16.7 13.1 12.1 12.6 7.4 Number of Desktop PCs 1 .................................................. 45.1 4.2 12.8 9.6 8.8 9.6 7.8 2 or more .................................... 9.1 0.8 2.4 2.3 2.0 1.7 12.1 Number of Laptop PCs 1 ..................................................

473

Thanks for the New Printer, Santa! Now What Do I Do with the Old One? |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thanks for the New Printer, Santa! Now What Do I Do with the Old Thanks for the New Printer, Santa! Now What Do I Do with the Old One? Thanks for the New Printer, Santa! Now What Do I Do with the Old One? January 4, 2011 - 6:30am Addthis Amy Foster Parish This year for Christmas, Santa was kind enough to bring me a new wireless printer to replace my old one. When I opened the box, you can't imagine my glee. I'm a fan of using my laptop as its name implies, so you'll typically find me typing away with it on my lap while snugly ensconced in the living room in front of the fire. Without a wireless printer, though, my cozy work was constantly interrupted so I could schlep into the office to print things-all of which resulted in a lot of grumbling on my part. The new printer will no doubt make my life easier. But there is one

474

Experimental Analysis of Heterogeneous Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Packet loss and delay in Internet degrade the quality of requested services like VoIP (Voice over IP) or Video Streaming. In novel network scenarios where wired and wireless connections are melted together, a real measure of these parameters is fundamental in a planning process of new services over novel network infrastructures. Nowadays networks are heterogeneous in terms of access network technologies (wired LAN Ethernet 10/100/1000, Wireless LAN - 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g -, GPRS, UMTS, GSM, Bluetooth, ...), end-users' devices (workstation, PC desktop, Laptop/Notebook, PDA, Advanced Mobile Phone, ...) and finally operating systems (Unix, Linux, Win 98/NT/2000/XP, Win CE, Linux Familiar, OS Embedded, ...). In this work we provide a heterogeneous network performance characterization with respect to delay and throughput in UDP and TCP environments. In order to determine our results we use an innovative traffic generator named D-ITG (Distributed Internet Traffic Generator). Results presented in this paper can be used as performance references for development of wireless communication applications over multiservice and heterogeneous networks.

Giulio Iannello; Antonio Pescape; Giorgio Ventre; Luca Vollero

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

BIO-BAG ™ Type Cfj Environmental Chamber DESCRIPTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BIO-BAG Type Cfj is a disposable, individual environmental chamber and a gas generator, consisting of one tablet of potassium borohydride-sodium bicarbonate and an ampule of hydrochloric acid, which when activated in the sealed BIO-BAG chamber provides a microaerophilic atmosphere. INTENDED USE BIO-BAG Type Cfj is designed to provide a microaerophilic environment suitable for the isolation of Campylobacter jejuni, formerly known as C. fetus subsp. jejuni (Cfj), from clinical specimens or subcultures from selective media. When used as directed, BIO-BAG Type Cfj will provide an atmosphere that has been shown to provide optimum growth of C. jejuni. 1,2 SUMMARY AND EXPLANATION Campylobacter jejuni has been recognized as a common enteric pathogen. 2,4,7,8 This organism is a true microaerophile and a capnophilic atmosphere has been shown to enhance growth. 5 Use of a selective medium containing 5 % sheep blood and a combination of antimicrobial agents and incubation at 42ºC provides conditions favorable for the selective isolation of C. jejuni from intestinal flora. 3,6 Under ideal conditions, characteristic colonies may be observed in 24 to 48 h, 1,2,5 Each BIO-BAG Type Cfj system allows cultures to be set up and observed for growth individually, so that appropriate atmospheric conditions are not interrupted. Exposure to atmospheric oxygen may interfere with the growth of more oxygen-sensitive strains. 5 PRINCIPLE OF THE PROCEDURE A microaerophilic-capnophilic atmosphere is provided in each sealed BIO-BAG Type Cfj system. A self-contained generator consists of an ampule of a weak hydrochloric acid solution and a gas generator tablet. When the ampule is crushed, the tablet is then activated. A portion of atmospheric oxygen in the chamber is utilized in the reaction. The resulting atmosphere is conducive to the isolation and cultivation of C. jejuni. 1,2 Each BIO-BAG Type Cfj system is disposable and designed to be used only once.

unknown authors

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Transuranic Waste Tabletop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transuranic (TRU) Waste Transuranic (TRU) Waste (Hazard Class 7 Radioactive) Moderator's Version of Tabletop Prepared for the Department of Energy Office of Transportation and Emergency Management 02B00215-07D.p65 This page intentionally left blank table of contents Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program (TEPP) planning tools planning tools planning tools planning tools T T T T Tr r r r ransur ansur ansur ansur ansuranic (TRU) W anic (TRU) W anic (TRU) W anic (TRU) W anic (TRU) Waste aste aste aste aste (Hazar (Hazar (Hazar (Hazar (Hazard Class 7 Radio d Class 7 Radio d Class 7 Radio d Class 7 Radio d Class 7 Radioactiv activ activ activ active) e) e) e) e) Moder Moder Moder Moder Moderat at at at ator' or' or' or' or's V s V s V s V s Version of T ersion of T ersion of T ersion of T ersion of Tablet ablet ablet ablet abletop

477

National Cybersecurity Awareness Month | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Cybersecurity Awareness Month National Cybersecurity Awareness Month National Cybersecurity Awareness Month September 30, 2013 - 5:01pm Addthis National Cybersecurity Awareness Month Every October, the Department of Energy joins the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and others across the country in support of National Cybersecurity Awareness Month and the "Stop. Think. Connect." campaign. This year marks the tenth year of the cybersecurity awareness campaign. No citizen, community, or country is immune to cyber risk, but there are steps you can take in your personal and work life to minimize your chances of an incident: Set strong passwords, change them regularly, and don't share them with anyone. Keep your operating system, browser, and other critical software optimized by installing updates ... on your computer, your tablet and your

478

Toward 300 Miles on a Single Charge? | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Toward 300 Miles on a Single Charge? Toward 300 Miles on a Single Charge? Discovery & Innovation Stories of Discovery & Innovation Brief Science Highlights SBIR/STTR Highlights Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 11.27.13 Toward 300 Miles on a Single Charge? Berkeley Lab scientists design a high-performance, long cycle-life lithium-sulfur battery. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Scanning electron microscope image of sulfur graphene oxide. Photo courtesy of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Scanning electron microscope image of sulfur graphene oxide. The batteries that pervade your life these days-from your cell phone to your sleek new tablet and even to your automobile, if you happen to drive

479

Sandia National Laboratories: News: Publications: Lab News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sept. 21, 2012 Sept. 21, 2012 Sandia's Explosives Technology Group discovers key detonation behavior in common explosive NOT SO BIG BANG - Alex Tappan (left) and Rob Knepper (both 2554) watch the detonation of a Sandia critical thickness experiment. The experiment typically uses less explosive material than the size of one-tenth of an aspirin tablet to determine small-scale detonation properties. The bench-top experiment is so small, researchers can stand next to the firing chamber with eye and ear protection. (Photo by Randy Montoya) by Sue Major Holmes The explosive PETN (pentaerythritol tetranitrate) has been around for a century and is used by everyone from miners to the military, but it took new research by Sandia to begin to discover key mechanisms behind what causes it to fail at very small scales.

480

Energy Department's First-Ever "Apps for Energy" Competition Begins  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

First-Ever "Apps for Energy" Competition First-Ever "Apps for Energy" Competition Begins Today Energy Department's First-Ever "Apps for Energy" Competition Begins Today April 5, 2012 - 2:00pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - As part of the Obama Administration's efforts to help consumers save money by saving energy, the Department of Energy's first-ever "Apps for Energy" competition begins today, offering $100,000 in cash prizes. "Apps for Energy" challenges innovative software developers to build new apps - for mobile phones, computers, tablets, software programs and more - that utilize data from major utility companies to help consumers and businesses use less energy and save money. Today, April 5, the Department released the official rules and began accepting submissions for the competition at

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

org Goes Mobile org Goes Mobile by Lorrie Johnson on Tue, 19 Jul, 2011 WorldWideScience.org recently released a new mobile version (http://m.worldwidescience.org). Scientists and researchers throughout DOE and the entire U.S. now have access to over 80 scientific and technical databases from preeminent libraries and information centers around the world, all via their "smart phones" or tablets. Operating in the same fashion as the computer-based version of WorldWideScience.org, the user simply enters a single query into the search box on the phone. Using federated search technology, the query is distributed to each of the approximately 80 databases and the search results are combined and re-ranked according to relevance. Search results are streamlined for easier viewing on mobile devices, but

482

Drive5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Drive5 Drive5 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Drive5 Agency/Company /Organization: Drive5 Sector: Energy Focus Area: Vehicles Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website, Mobile Device Website: www.drive5.us Web Application Link: www.drive5.us Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): Challenge Generated Drive5 Screenshot References: Drive5[1] Challenge.gov[2] Challenge.gov Submission Page[3] Measure your fuel economy real time with five metrics to save on fuel costs. Overview Drive1: Fuel Economy Drive5 gives you real time fuel economy feedback for any car 1984 and newer by simply utilizing the sensors embedded in your phone or tablet. It uses a statistical algorithm which leverages the fueleconomy.gov's open dataset along with data from thousands of automobile trips. No connections to the

483

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: kW-Field  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

kW-Field kW-Field kW-Field is a tablet-based touch screen field tool for professionals conducting commercial and industrial energy audits. Screen Shots Keywords Commercial Energy Auditing Field Software Validation/Testing See users below Expertise Required A two-day in-person training course on use of the tool is strongly recommended, applicable for building professionals of all backgrounds and experience levels. Users Customers include Large Energy Service Companies (ESCOs), Utilities, Engineering Firms, Consultancies, Corporate Energy Managers, etc. Approximately 15 customers representing ~100 users. Audience Professionals conducting on-site assessments of commercial and industrial facilities for the purpose of identifying opportunities to implement energy savings technologies and practices.

484

SBA Announces New Apps for Small Businesses | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SBA Announces New Apps for Small Businesses SBA Announces New Apps for Small Businesses SBA Announces New Apps for Small Businesses December 20, 2011 - 11:22am Addthis Brenda DeGraffenreid The Small Business Administration has long worked in partnership with its fellow agencies to support small businesses across the country. Today they've announced yet another point of access for small businesses seeking to work with the federal government - apps. The brainchild of SBA's "Apps for Entrepreneurs Challenge," these apps can be downloaded straight to your smart phone or tablet device, and navigate their way through several websites at once to find the best resources for small businesses looking for grants, loans, or pathways to doing business with the federal government. The winner of the competition, Somesh Kumar, lives in Freemont, California.

485

All Videos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

All Videos All Videos All Videos Whether you need it on your phone, tablet, or desktop, you can trust us for reliable, up-to-date answers, news, and information. Turning Algae into Energy in New Mexico 3:12 Turning Algae into Energy in New Mexico Top-secret super-secure Los Alamos vault declassified 3:44 Top-secret super-secure Los Alamos vault declassified Global warming accelerates drought-induced forest death 3:20 Global warming accelerates drought-induced forest death Los Alamos Using Neutrons to Stop Nuclear Smugglers 3:43 Los Alamos Using Neutrons to Stop Nuclear Smugglers Historic, unique Manhattan Project footage from Los Alamos 10:9 Historic, unique Manhattan Project footage from Los Alamos Music and math at Los Alamos National Laboratory 2:10 Music and math at Los Alamos National Laboratory

486

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2, 2013 2, 2013 Energy.gov now provides a browsing experience tailored to the device you're using. Introducing a More Responsive Energy.gov Energy.gov now features a responsive design that automatically optimizes the browsing experience for smartphones and tablets, and makes it easier to find consumer energy saving information. November 11, 2013 Video: Veterans Advancing Clean Energy and Climate Security Last week, Secretary Moniz joined other federal officials in honoring veterans that are working in clean energy and climate security at a "Champions of Change" event at the White House. November 8, 2013 On Friday, Nov. 8, 2013, Secretary Moniz and international energy officials toured Kemper, the nation's largest carbon capture and storage facility, in Liberty, Mississippi.

487

Secretary Chu Launches First-Ever "Apps for Energy" Challenge |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Launches First-Ever "Apps for Energy" Challenge Launches First-Ever "Apps for Energy" Challenge Secretary Chu Launches First-Ever "Apps for Energy" Challenge March 23, 2012 - 9:49am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - As part of the Obama Administration's efforts to help consumers save money by saving energy, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu launched yesterday the Department's first-ever "Apps for Energy" competition. "Apps for Energy" will challenge innovative software developers to build new apps - for mobile phones, computers, tablets, software programs and more - that utilize data from major utility companies to help consumers and businesses use less energy and save money. The competition will begin April 5, offering $100,000 in cash prizes sponsored by the Energy Department and interested companies. This new

488

How ORISE is Making a Difference: Radiological Assessment and Monitoring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Develops Paperless Tool to Assist with Data Input Into Radiological Develops Paperless Tool to Assist with Data Input Into Radiological Assessment and Monitoring System During the Empire 09 exercise, the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) tested (for the first time) a paperless system of data management to support the operations of the Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center (FRMAC). The paperless FRMAC (pFRMAC) provides tools that enables the FRMAC to collect and process field measurements and samples following a radiological or nuclear event. The process allows field data to be entered into specialized electronic tablets that are then sent to the Radiological Assessment and Monitoring System (RAMS). RAMS is the hub of pFRMAC that provides data analysis to the consequence management home team and

489

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3, 2012 3, 2012 The Energy Department's main site, Energy.gov and its contents, are now available on the go. This allows users to access the Energy Departments' resources over a variety of mobile devices such as smart phones and tablets. Feedback Wanted: Help the Energy Department Go Mobile, Open Data! What is the Energy Department doing in mobile, APIs, and responsive design? August 13, 2012 By developing a better understanding of the microbes that affect the growth of other plants (crops like corn or wheat) researchers may be able to improve their growth -- or provide better care for them in times of drought. Rooted in Wonder: Joint Genome Institute Study Reveals Amazing World Underfoot Scientists study roots of common weeds, also known as the "lab rat" of the

490

Technology-Enabled Nurturing of Creativity and Innovation: A Specific Illustration from an Undergraduate Engineering Physics Course  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is general agreement that creativity and innovation are desirable traits in the toolbox of 21\\textsuperscript{st} century engineers, as well as in the future workforce in general. However, there is a dearth of exemplars, pedagogical models, or best practices to be implemented in undergraduate engineering education to develop and nurture those talents. In this paper, we use a specific example of a classroom activity from a course designed to help bridge the transition from learning the fundamental principles of engineering physics in introductory courses to being able to creatively and innovatively apply them in more advanced settings, such as senior capstone projects and on-the-job challenges in the future workplace. Application of techniques for generating and evaluating ideas are described. To enhance the benefits of group creativity and facilitate real-time electronic brainstorming in the classroom, we use InkSurvey with pen-enabled mobile computing devices (iPads, tablet PCs, Android devices, etc.)....

Kowalski, F V; Kohl, P B; Kuo, V H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Two computational approaches for creating Chinese painting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis two computational approaches for creating Chinese painting are developed. The first approach uses an expressive paint tool that enables anyone to paint 2D Chinese paintings in real-time. The realistic rendering of paint strokes is achieved by creating a software model that mimics real ink and brushes. The input devices are a pressure-sensitive pen and tablet. This interface design is similar to painting with a real brush on paper. The second approach uses procedural shaders and commercially available 3D modeling and animation packages to create the look of ink on paper. This approach facilitates the efficient production of 3D Chinese painting animations as well as the ability to create stereoscopic Chinese paintings.

Chan, Ching

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Reconstructing Spatial Distributions from Anonymized Locations  

SciTech Connect

Devices such as mobile phones, tablets, and sensors are often equipped with GPS that accurately report a person's location. Combined with wireless communication, these devices enable a wide range of new social tools and applications. These same qualities, however, leave location-aware applications vulnerable to privacy violations. This paper introduces the Negative Quad Tree, a privacy protection method for location aware applications. The method is broadly applicable to applications that use spatial density information, such as social applications that measure the popularity of social venues. The method employs a simple anonymization algorithm running on mobile devices, and a more complex reconstruction algorithm on a central server. This strategy is well suited to low-powered mobile devices. The paper analyzes the accuracy of the reconstruction method in a variety of simulated and real-world settings and demonstrates that the method is accurate enough to be used in many real-world scenarios.

Horey, James L [ORNL; Forrest, Stephanie [University of New Mexico, Albuquerque; Groat, Michael [University of New Mexico, Albuquerque

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Angular dependence of a simple accident dosimeter  

SciTech Connect

A simple dosimeter made of a sulfur tablet, bare and cadmium covered indium foils and a cadmium covered copper foil has been modeled using MCNP5. Studies of the model without phantom or other confounding factors have shown that the cross sections and fluence-to-dose factors generated by the Monte Carlo method agree with those generated by analytic expressions for the high energy component. The threshold cross sections for the detectors on a phantom were calculated. The resulting doses assigned agree well with exposures made to three critical assemblies. In this study the angular dependence on a phantom is studied and compared with measurements taken on the GODIVA reactor. The dosimeter positions on the phantom are facing the source, on the back and the side. In previous papers the modeling of a simple dosimeter made of a sulfur tablet, bare and cadmium covered indium foils and a cadmium covered copper foil has been modeled using MCNP5. The conclusion made was that most of the neutron dose from criticality assemblies results from the high energy neutron fluences determined by the sulfur and indium detectors. The results using doses measured from the GODIVA, SHEBA, and bare and lead shielded SILENE reactors confirmed this. The angular dependence of an accident dosemeter is of interest in evaluating the exposure of personnel. To investigate this effect accident dosemeters were placed on a phantom and exposed to the GODIVA reactor at phantom orientations of 0{sup o}, 45{sup o}, 90{sup o}, 135{sup o}, and 180{sup o} to the assembly center line.

Devine, R. T. (Robert T.); Romero, L. L. (Leonard L.); Olsher, R. H. (Richard H.)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Audit Report on "Protection of the Department of Energy's Unclassified Sensitive Electronic Information"  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Energy and its contractors store and process massive quantities of sensitive information to accomplish national security, energy, science, and environmental missions. Sensitive unclassified data, such as personally identifiable information (PII), official use only, and unclassified controlled nuclear information require special handling and protection to prevent misuse of the information for inappropriate purposes. Industry experts have reported that more than 203 million personal privacy records have been lost or stolen over the past three years, including information maintained by corporations, educational institutions, and Federal agencies. The loss of personal and other sensitive information can result in substantial financial harm, embarrassment, and inconvenience to individuals and organizations. Therefore, strong protective measures, including data encryption, help protect against the unauthorized disclosure of sensitive information. Prior reports involving the loss of sensitive information have highlighted weaknesses in the Department's ability to protect sensitive data. Our report on Security Over Personally Identifiable Information (DOE/IG-0771, July 2007) disclosed that the Department had not fully implemented all measures recommended by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and required by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to protect PII, including failures to identify and encrypt PII maintained on information systems. Similarly, the Government Accountability Office recently reported that the Department had not yet installed encryption technology to protect sensitive data on the vast majority of laptop computers and handheld devices. Because of the potential for harm, we initiated this audit to determine whether the Department and its contractors adequately safeguarded sensitive electronic information. The Department had taken a number of steps to improve protection of PII. Our review, however, identified opportunities to strengthen the protection of all types of sensitive unclassified electronic information and reduce the risk that such data could fall into the hands of individuals with malicious intent. In particular, for the seven sites we reviewed: (1) Four sites had either not ensured that sensitive information maintained on mobile devices was encrypted. Or, they had improperly permitted sensitive unclassified information to be transmitted unencrypted through email or to offsite backup storage facilities; (2) One site had not ensured that laptops taken on foreign travel, including travel to sensitive countries, were protected against security threats; and, (3) Although required by the OMB since 2003, we learned that programs and sites were still working to complete Privacy Impact Assessments - analyses designed to examine the risks and ramifications of using information systems to collect, maintain, and disseminate personal information. Our testing revealed that the weaknesses identified were attributable, at least in part, to Headquarters programs and field sites that had not implemented existing policies and procedures requiring protection of sensitive electronic information. In addition, a lack of performance monitoring contributed to the inability of the Department and the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to ensure that measures were in place to fully protect sensitive information. As demonstrated by previous computer intrusion-related data losses throughout the Department, without improvements, the risk or vulnerability for future losses remains unacceptably high. In conducting this audit, we recognized that data encryption and related techniques do not provide absolute assurance that sensitive data is fully protected. For example, encryption will not necessarily protect data in circumstances where organizational access controls are weak or are circumvented through phishing or other malicious techniques. However, as noted by NIST, when used appropriately, encryption is an effective tool that can, as part of an overall risk-management strat

None

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries Print Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries Print Lithium-ion batteries are in smart phones, laptops, most other consumer electronics, and the newest electric cars. Good as these batteries are, the need for energy storage in batteries is surpassing current technologies. In a lithium-ion battery, charge moves from the cathode to the anode, a critical component for storing energy. A team of Berkeley Lab scientists has designed a new kind of anode that absorbs eight times the lithium of current designs, and has maintained its greatly increased energy capacity after more than a year of testing and many hundreds of charge-discharge cycles. Cyclical Science Succeeds The anode achievement described in this highlight provides a rare scientific showcase, combining advanced tools of synthesis, characterization, and simulation in a novel approach to materials development. Gao Liu's original research team, part of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division (EETD), got the ball rolling by designing the original series of polyfluorene-based conducting polymers. Then, Wanli Yang of the ALS suggested soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy to determine their key electronic properties. To better understand these results, and their relevance to the conductivity of the polymer, the growing team sought a theoretical explanation from Lin-Wang Wang of Berkeley Lab's Materials Sciences Division (MSD). By conducting calculations on the promising polymers at Berkeley Lab's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), the team gained insight into what was really happening in the PF with the carbonyl functional group, singling it out for further development.

496

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.7 Appliances  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

Other Major Appliance Shipments, by Type (Including Exports) 1990 2000 2009 2009 Value of Shipments (4) Appliance Type (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) ($million) Room Air Conditioners 3,799 6,496 6,418 129 Ranges (total) 5,873 8,202 5,941 3,158 Electric Ranges 3,350 5,026 3,509 2,041 Gas Ranges 2,354 3,176 2,433 1,117 Microwave Ovens/Ranges 7,693 9,333 N.A. Clothes Washers 5,591 7,495 7,999 4,820 Clothes Dryers (total) 4,160 6,575 6,547 N.A. (5) Electric Dryers 3,190 5,095 5,261 N.A. Gas Dryers 970 1,480 1,286 N.A. Water Heaters (total) 7,252 9,329 9,120 2,321 Electric (1) 3,246 4,299 4,017 869 Gas and Oil (1) 4,005 5,006 5,104 1,452 Solar (2) N.A. 24 N.A. N.A. Office Equipment Personal Computers (3) N.A. Copiers N.A. 1,989 N.A. N.A. Printers N.A. 3,109 Scanners N.A. 9,400 N.A. N.A. Note(s): Source(s): 1) Includes residential and small commercial units. 2) Shipments and value of shipments of entire systems. 3) Includes workstations, laptops,

497

A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries Print A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries Print Lithium-ion batteries are in smart phones, laptops, most other consumer electronics, and the newest electric cars. Good as these batteries are, the need for energy storage in batteries is surpassing current technologies. In a lithium-ion battery, charge moves from the cathode to the anode, a critical component for storing energy. A team of Berkeley Lab scientists has designed a new kind of anode that absorbs eight times the lithium of current designs, and has maintained its greatly increased energy capacity after more than a year of testing and many hundreds of charge-discharge cycles. Cyclical Science Succeeds The anode achievement described in this highlight provides a rare scientific showcase, combining advanced tools of synthesis, characterization, and simulation in a novel approach to materials development. Gao Liu's original research team, part of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division (EETD), got the ball rolling by designing the original series of polyfluorene-based conducting polymers. Then, Wanli Yang of the ALS suggested soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy to determine their key electronic properties. To better understand these results, and their relevance to the conductivity of the polymer, the growing team sought a theoretical explanation from Lin-Wang Wang of Berkeley Lab's Materials Sciences Division (MSD). By conducting calculations on the promising polymers at Berkeley Lab's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), the team gained insight into what was really happening in the PF with the carbonyl functional group, singling it out for further development.

498

A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries Print A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries Print Lithium-ion batteries are in smart phones, laptops, most other consumer electronics, and the newest electric cars. Good as these batteries are, the need for energy storage in batteries is surpassing current technologies. In a lithium-ion battery, charge moves from the cathode to the anode, a critical component for storing energy. A team of Berkeley Lab scientists has designed a new kind of anode that absorbs eight times the lithium of current designs, and has maintained its greatly increased energy capacity after more than a year of testing and many hundreds of charge-discharge cycles. Cyclical Science Succeeds The anode achievement described in this highlight provides a rare scientific showcase, combining advanced tools of synthesis, characterization, and simulation in a novel approach to materials development. Gao Liu's original research team, part of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division (EETD), got the ball rolling by designing the original series of polyfluorene-based conducting polymers. Then, Wanli Yang of the ALS suggested soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy to determine their key electronic properties. To better understand these results, and their relevance to the conductivity of the polymer, the growing team sought a theoretical explanation from Lin-Wang Wang of Berkeley Lab's Materials Sciences Division (MSD). By conducting calculations on the promising polymers at Berkeley Lab's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), the team gained insight into what was really happening in the PF with the carbonyl functional group, singling it out for further development.

499

FLIP: A flexible interconnection protocol for heterogeneous internetworking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the Flexible Interconnection Protocol, or FLIP, whose main goal is to allow interconnection of heterogeneous devices with varying power, processing, and communication capabilities, ranging from simple sensors to more powerful computing devices such as laptops and desktops. The vision is that FLIP will be used to interconnect such devices forming clouds in the farthest branches/leaves of the Internet, while still providing connectivity with the existing IP-based Internet infrastructure. Through its flexible, customizable headers FLIP integrates just the functions required by a given application and that can be handled by the underlying device. Simple devices like sensors will benefit from incurring close to optimal overhead saving not only bandwidth, but, more importantly, energy. More sophisticated devices in the cloud can be responsible for implementing more complex functions like reliable/ordered data delivery, communication with other device clouds and with the IP infrastructure. FLIP is designed to provide a basic substrate on which to build network- and transport-level functionality. In heteroge