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1

Ultra Thin Quantum Well Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project has enabled Hi-Z technology Inc. (Hi-Z) to understand how to improve the thermoelectric properties of Si/SiGe Quantum Well Thermoelectric Materials. The research that was completed under this project has enabled Hi-Z Technology, Inc. (Hi-Z) to satisfy the project goal to understand how to improve thermoelectric conversion efficiency and reduce costs by fabricating ultra thin Si/SiGe quantum well (QW) materials and measuring their properties. In addition, Hi-Z gained critical new understanding on how thin film fabrication increases the silicon substrate's electrical conductivity, which is important new knowledge to develop critical material fabrication parameters. QW materials are constructed with alternate layers of an electrical conductor, SiGe and an electrical insulator, Si. Film thicknesses were varied, ranging from 2nm to 10nm where 10 nm was the original film thickness prior to this work. The optimum performance was determined at a Si and SiGe thickness of 4nm for an electrical current and heat flow parallel to the films, which was an important conclusion of this work. Essential new information was obtained on how the Si substrate electrical conductivity increases by up to an order of magnitude upon deposition of QW films. Test measurements and calculations are accurate and include both the quantum well and the substrate. The large increase in substrate electrical conductivity means that a larger portion of the electrical current passes through the substrate. The silicon substrate's increased electrical conductivity is due to inherent impurities and thermal donors which are activated during both molecular beam epitaxy and sputtering deposition of QW materials. Hi-Z's forward looking cost estimations based on future high performance QW modules, in which the best Seebeck coefficient and electrical resistivity are taken from separate samples predict that the electricity cost produced with a QW module could be achieved at <$0.35/W. This price would open many markets for waste heat recovery applications. By installing Hi-Z's materials in applications in which electricity could be produced from waste heat sources could result in significant energy savings as well as emissions reductions. For example, if QW thermoelectric generators could be introduced commercially in 2015, and assuming they could also capture an additional 0.1%/year of the available waste heat from the aluminum, steel, and iron industries, then by 2020, their use would lead to a 2.53 trillion Btu/year reduction in energy consumption. This translates to a $12.9 million/year energy savings, and 383.6 million lb's of CO2 emissions reduction per year. Additionally, Hi-Z would expect that the use of QW TE devices in the automotive, manufacturing, and energy generation industries would reduce the USA's petroleum and fossil fuel dependence, and thus significantly reduce emissions from CO2 and other polluting gasses such as NOx, SOx, and particulate matter (PM), etc.

Dr Saeid Ghamaty

2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

2

Performance of Ultra Thin White Topping in Oklahoma.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Asphalt pavements would benefit from a low maintenance rehabilitation technique. Modern technology in the form of placement of a thin concrete overlay or ultra thin… (more)

Rotithor, Hari Ganesh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Ultra-thin microporous/hybrid materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Ultra-thin hybrid and/or microporous materials and methods for their fabrication are provided. In one embodiment, the exemplary hybrid membranes can be formed including successive surface activation and reaction steps on a porous support that is patterned or non-patterned. The surface activation can be performed using remote plasma exposure to locally activate the exterior surfaces of porous support. Organic/inorganic hybrid precursors such as organometallic silane precursors can be condensed on the locally activated exterior surfaces, whereby ALD reactions can then take place between the condensed hybrid precursors and a reactant. Various embodiments can also include an intermittent replacement of ALD precursors during the membrane formation so as to enhance the hybrid molecular network of the membranes.

Jiang, Ying-Bing (Albuquerque, NM); Cecchi, Joseph L. (Albuquerque, NM); Brinker, C. Jeffrey (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

4

Method for laser welding ultra-thin metal foils  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for simultaneously cutting and welding ultra-thin foils having a thickness of less than 0.002 inches wherein two ultra-thin films are stacked and clamped together. A pulsed laser such as of the Neodymium: YAG type is provided and the beam of the laser is directed onto the stacked films to cut a channel through the films. The laser is moved relative to the stacked foils to cut the stacked foils at successive locations and to form a plurality of connected weld beads to form a continuous weld.

Pernicka, John C. (Fort Collins, CO); Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Method for laser welding ultra-thin metal foils  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for simultaneously cutting and welding ultra-thin foils having a thickness of less than 0.002 inches wherein two ultra-thin films are stacked and clamped together. A pulsed laser such as of the Neodymium: YAG type is provided and the beam of the laser is directed onto the stacked films to cut a channel through the films. The laser is moved relative to the stacked foils to cut the stacked foils at successive locations and to form a plurality of connected weld beads to form a continuous weld. 5 figs.

Pernicka, J.C.; Benson, D.K.; Tracy, C.E.

1996-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

6

ULTRA-THIN QUARTZ COMBUSTORS FOR TPV POWER GENERATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ULTRA-THIN QUARTZ COMBUSTORS FOR TPV POWER GENERATION Yong Fan, Yuji Suzuki, and Nobuhide Kasagi in planar quartz combustors with channel height of 0.7/1.0/1.5 mm have been investigated for micro on the wall temperature. Keywords: Quenching distance, Micro combustor, Wall/flame temperature, PLIF 1

Kasagi, Nobuhide

7

Ultra-Thin Metal Films for Enhanced Solar Absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents modelled results for optical absorption in ultra-thin films of nickel, gold and silver over the solar spectrum. It is found in the case of nickel there is an optimum thickness for maximum solar absorption around 10-13nm. This effect is not observed for gold or silver. It is postulated that this is an interference effect occurring due the particular real and imaginary refractive profile of nickel across the solar spectrum.

Ahmad, N; Teng, M; Cryan, M J

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Chemical surface deposition of ultra-thin semiconductors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A chemical surface deposition process for forming an ultra-thin semiconducting film of Group IIB-VIA compounds onto a substrate. This process eliminates particulates formed by homogeneous reactions in bath, dramatically increases the utilization of Group IIB species, and results in the formation of a dense, adherent film for thin film solar cells. The process involves applying a pre-mixed liquid coating composition containing Group IIB and Group VIA ionic species onto a preheated substrate. Heat from the substrate causes a heterogeneous reaction between the Group IIB and VIA ionic species of the liquid coating composition, thus forming a solid reaction product film on the substrate surface.

McCandless, Brian E. (243 W. Main St., Elkton, MD 21921); Shafarman, William N. (1905 N. Van Buren St., Wilmington, DE 19802)

2003-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

9

The ultra-thin solar cells that could generate power through windows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ultra-thin solar cells that could generate power through windows By Claire Bates Last updated, generating enough electricity to power the GPS or air conditioning. Solar cells, which convert solar energy into tinted windows Page 1 of 3The ultra-thin solar cells that could generate power through windows | Mail

Rogers, John A.

10

Approaches to fabricating high-efficiency ultra-thin CdTe solar cells.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis is an investigation of the fabrication, characterization and performance of high-efficiency and ultra-thin CdTe solar cells with an aim of reducing the material… (more)

Xia, Wei (1981 - )

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Are you using your laptop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the laptop's compact design, with attached screen and keyboard, forces laptop users into awkward postures to reduce bending your head forward. Use your eyes instead of your neck to adjust your line of vision. Reduce glare by positioning the screen at a right angle to windows and away from overhead lighting

Jacobs, Lucia

12

Near perfect solar absorption in ultra-thin-film GaAs photonic crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Near perfect solar absorption in ultra-thin-film GaAs photonic crystals Sergey Eyderman,*a Alexei Deinegaa and Sajeev Johnab We present designs that enable a significant increase of solar absorption­99.5% solar absorption is demonstrated depending on the photonic crystal architecture used and the nature

John, Sajeev

13

Measuring the fracture toughness of ultra-thin films with application to AlTa coatings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Measuring the fracture toughness of ultra-thin films with application to AlTa coatings Yong Xiang Abstract An experimental technique is presented for measuring the fracture toughness of brittle thin films with a focused ion beam and the membranes are pressurized until rupture. The fracture stress of the membrane

14

Substrate-assisted nucleation of ultra-thin dielectric layers on graphene by atomic layer deposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Published as: Applied Physics Letters 100, 173113 (2012) DOI: 10.1063/1.4707376 Substrate-assisted nucleation of ultra-thin dielectric layers on graphene by atomic layer deposition Bruno Dlubak, Piran R. Kidambi, Robert S... on monolayer graphene, without creating point defects. This enhanced wetting is achieved by greatly increasing the nucleation density through the use of polar traps induced on the graphene surface by an underlying metallic substrate. The resulting Al2O3...

Dlubak, Bruno; Kidambi, Piran R.; Weatherup, Robert S.; Hofmann, Stephan; Robertson, John

2012-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

15

Layered ultra-thin coherent structures used as electrical resistors having low temperature coefficient of resistivity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thin film resistor having a controlled temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) ranging from negative to positive degrees kelvin and having relatively high resistivity. The resistor is a multilayer superlattice crystal containing a plurality of alternating, ultra-thin layers of two different metals. TCR is varied by controlling the thickness of the individual layers. The resistor can be readily prepared by methods compatible with thin film circuitry manufacturing techniques.

Werner, Thomas R. (Argonne, IL); Falco, Charles M. (Tucson, AZ); Schuller, Ivan K. (Woodridge, IL)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Effects of neutron irradiation of ultra-thin HfO{sub 2} films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron irradiation at low fluence decreases the Pb-type and E? defect levels in ultra-thin hafnium dioxide films because electrons can fill existing states. These electrons come from electron-hole pairs generated by neutron interactions with silicon and oxygen. Thus, a low fluence of neutrons “anneals” the sample. However, when neutron fluence increases, more neutrons collide with oxygen atoms and cause them to leave the lattice or to transmute into different atoms. This causes the E? states to increase. As defect-state concentrations increase, leakage currents increase, but since the E? is much lower than the Pb concentration, this is not a dominant factor.

Hsu, K.-W.; Bian, S.; Shohet, J. L. [Plasma Processing and Technology Laboratory and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Ren, H. [Applied Materials, Sunnyvale, California 94085 (United States); Agasie, R. J. [Department of Engineering Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Nishi, Y. [Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

17

Large Thermoelectric Power Factor in P-type Si (110)/[110] Ultra-Thin-Layers Compared to Differently Oriented Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ability of a material to convert heat into electricity is measured by the dimensionless thermoelectric (TE1 Large Thermoelectric Power Factor in P-type Si (110)/[110] Ultra-Thin-Layers Compared the thermoelectric power factor of ultra-thin-body p-type Si layers of thicknesses from W=3nm up to 10nm. We show

18

G54SIM Lab 02 Tutorial: Laptop Simulation Build a simulation model of a laptop operation. When the laptop is on and the user is working, i.e. is pressing the keyboard keys and moving the mouse, the laptop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the battery usage. To wake the laptop up you need to press the power button. In any of the three states On {EnergyConsumption} [EnergyConsumption=: Laptop.isStateActive(On)?5 : Laptop.isStateActive(ScreenOff)?31 G54SIM Lab 02 Tutorial: Laptop Simulation Task Build a simulation model of a laptop operation

Aickelin, Uwe

19

Wavelength-tunable colloidal quantum dot laser on ultra-thin flexible glass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A mechanically flexible and wavelength-tunable laser with an ultra-thin glass membrane as substrate is demonstrated. The optically pumped hybrid device has a distributed feedback cavity that combines a colloidal quantum dot gain film with a grating-patterned polymeric underlayer, all on a 30-?m thick glass sheet. The total thickness of the structure is only 75??m. The hybrid laser has an average threshold fluence of 450?±?80??J/cm{sup 2} (for 5-ns excitation pulses) at an emitting wavelength of 607?nm. Mechanically bending the thin-glass substrate enables continuous tuning of the laser emission wavelength over an 18-nm range, from 600?nm to 618?nm. The correlation between the wavelength tunability and the mechanical properties of the thin laser structure is verified theoretically and experimentally.

Foucher, C.; Guilhabert, B.; Laurand, N.; Dawson, M. D. [Institute of Photonics, SUPA, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow (United Kingdom)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

20

Spectral photoresponse of ZnSe/GaAs(001) heterostructures with CdSe ultra-thin quantum well insertions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a study of the spectral photoresponse (SPR) of ZnSe/GaAs(001) heterostructures for different ZnSe film thickness with and without CdSe ultra-thin quantum well (UTQW) insertions. We observe a significant increase of the SPR of heterostructures containing 3 monolayer thick CdSe UTQW insertions; these results encourage their use in photodetectors and solar cells.

Valverde-Chávez, D. A.; Sutara, F.; Hernández-Calderón, I. [Physics Department, Cinvestav-IPN, Av. IPN 2508, 07360 México, DF (Mexico)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Layered ultra-thin coherent structures used as electrical resistors having low-temperature coefficient of resistivity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thin film resistor having a controlled temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) ranging from negative to positive degrees kelvin and having relatively high resistivity. The resistor is a multilayer superlattice crystal containing a plurality of alternating, ultra-thin layers of two different metals. TCR is varied by controlling the thickness of the individual layers. The resistor can be readily prepared by methods compatible with thin film circuitry manufacturing techniques.

Werner, T.R.; Falco, C.M.; Schuller, I.K.

1982-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

22

Development of ultra-thin polyethylene balloons for high altitude research upto mesosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ever since its inception four decades back, Balloon Facility of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Hyderabad has been functioning with the needs of its user scientists at its focus. During the early nineties, when the X-ray astronomy group at TIFR expressed the need for balloons capable of carrying the X-ray telescopes to altitudes up to 42 km, the balloon group initiated research and development work on indigenous balloon grade films in various thickness not only for the main experiment but also in parallel, took up the development of thin films in thickness range 5 to 6 microns for fabrication of sounding balloons required for probing the stratosphere up to 42 km as the regular 2000 grams rubber balloon ascents could not reach altitudes higher than 38 km. By the year 1999, total indigenisation of sounding balloon manufacture was accomplished. The work on balloon grade ultra-thin polyethylene film in thickness range 2.8 to 3.8 microns for fabrication of balloons capable of penetrating mesosphere ...

Kumar, B Suneel; Ojha, D K; Peter, G Stalin; Vasudevan, R; Anand, D; Kulkarni, P M; Reddy, V Anmi; Rao, T V; Sreenivasan, S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

White organic light-emitting diodes with an ultra-thin premixed emitting layer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We described an approach to achieve fine color control of fluorescent White Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (OLED), based on an Ultra-thin Premixed emitting Layer (UPL). The UPL consists of a mixture of two dyes (red-emitting 4-di(4'-tert-butylbiphenyl-4-yl)amino-4'-dicyanovinylbenzene or fvin and green-emitting 4-di(4'-tert-butylbiphenyl-4-yl)aminobenzaldehyde or fcho) premixed in a single evaporation cell: since these two molecules have comparable structures and similar melting temperatures, a blend can be evaporated, giving rise to thin films of identical and reproducible composition compared to those of the pre-mixture. The principle of fine color tuning is demonstrated by evaporating a 1-nm-thick layer of this blend within the hole-transport layer (4,4'-bis[N-(1-naphtyl)-N-phenylamino]biphenyl (\\alpha-NPB)) of a standard fluorescent OLED structure. Upon playing on the position of the UPL inside the hole-transport layer, as well as on the premix composition, two independent parameters are available to finel...

Jeon, T; Tondelier, Denis; Bonnassieux, Yvan; Forget, Sebastien; Chenais, Sebastien; Ishow, Elena

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Simulation of nanostructure-based and ultra-thin film solar cell devices beyond the classical picture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, an optoelectronic device simulation framework valid for arbitrary spatial variation of electronic potentials and optical modes, and for transport regimes ranging from ballistic to diffusive, is used to study non-local photon absorption, photocurrent generation and carrier extraction in ultra-thin film and nanostructure-based solar cell devices at the radiative limit. Among the effects that are revealed by the microscopic approach and which are inaccessible to macroscopic models is the impact of structure, doping or bias induced nanoscale potential variations on the local photogeneration rate and the photocarrier transport regime.

Aeberhard, Urs

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

An ultra-thin diamond membrane as a transmission particle detector and vacuum window for external microbeams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several applications of external microbeam techniques demand a very accurate and controlled dose delivery. To satisfy these requirements when post-sample ion detection is not feasible, we constructed a transmission single-ion detector based on an ultra-thin diamond membrane. The negligible intrinsic noise provides an excellent signal-to-noise ratio and enables a hit-detection efficiency of close to 100%, even for energetic protons, while the small thickness of the membrane limits beam spreading. Moreover, because of the superb mechanical stiffness of diamond, this membrane can simultaneously serve as a vacuum window and allow the extraction of an ion microbeam into the atmosphere.

Grilj, V.; Skukan, N.; Jakši?, M. [Division of Experimental Physics, Ru?er Boškovi? Institute, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia)] [Division of Experimental Physics, Ru?er Boškovi? Institute, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Pomorski, M. [CEA-LIST, Diamond Sensors Laboratory, Gif-sur-Yvette F-91191 (France)] [CEA-LIST, Diamond Sensors Laboratory, Gif-sur-Yvette F-91191 (France); Kada, W. [Division of Electronics and Informatics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Gunma University, Kiryu, Gunma 376-8515 (Japan)] [Division of Electronics and Informatics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Gunma University, Kiryu, Gunma 376-8515 (Japan); Iwamoto, N.; Kamiya, T.; Ohshima, T. [Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Takasaki, Gunma 370-1292 (Japan)] [Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Takasaki, Gunma 370-1292 (Japan)

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

26

LAPTOP COMPUTER CHECKOUT POLICY There are two laptop computers that can be checked out by faculty who need them for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LAPTOP COMPUTER CHECKOUT POLICY There are two laptop computers that can be checked out by faculty policy which was adopted by College Council: (1) The pool laptop computers can be checked out for no more than 2 weeks at a time. (2) Reservation requests for portable computers should be submitted at least 1

Selmic, Sandra

27

Ultra-Thin, Triple-Bandgap GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs Monolithic Tandem Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The performance of state-of-the-art, series-connected, lattice-matched (LM), triple-junction (TJ), III-V tandem solar cells could be improved substantially (10-12%) by replacing the Ge bottom subcell with a subcell having a bandgap of {approx}1 eV. For the last several years, research has been conducted by a number of organizations to develop {approx}1-eV, LM GaInAsN to provide such a subcell, but, so far, the approach has proven unsuccessful. Thus, the need for a high-performance, monolithically integrable, 1-eV subcell for TJ tandems has remained. In this paper, we present a new TJ tandem cell design that addresses the above-mentioned problem. Our approach involves inverted epitaxial growth to allow the monolithic integration of a lattice-mismatched (LMM) {approx}1-eV GaInAs/GaInP double-heterostructure (DH) bottom subcell with LM GaAs (middle) and GaInP (top) upper subcells. A transparent GaInP compositionally graded layer facilitates the integration of the LM and LMM components. Handle-mounted, ultra-thin device fabrication is a natural consequence of the inverted-structure approach, which results in a number of advantages, including robustness, potential low cost, improved thermal management, incorporation of back-surface reflectors, and possible reclamation/reuse of the parent crystalline substrate for further cost reduction. Our initial work has concerned GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs tandem cells grown on GaAs substrates. In this case, the 1-eV GaInAs experiences 2.2% compressive LMM with respect to the substrate. Specially designed GaInP graded layers are used to produce 1-eV subcells with performance parameters nearly equaling those of LM devices with the same bandgap (e.g., LM, 1-eV GaInAsP grown on InP). Previously, we reported preliminary ultra-thin tandem devices (0.237 cm{sup 2}) with NREL-confirmed efficiencies of 31.3% (global spectrum, one sun) (1), 29.7% (AM0 spectrum, one sun) (2), and 37.9% (low-AOD direct spectrum, 10.1 suns) (3), all at 25 C. Here, we include recent results of testing similar devices under the concentrated AMO spectrum, and also present the first demonstration of a high-efficiency, ultra-thin GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs tandem cell processed on a flexible kapton handle.

Wanlass, M. W.; Ahrenkiel, S. P.; Albin, D. S.; Carapella, J. J.; Duda, A.; Emery, K.; Geisz, J. F.; Jones, K.; Kurtz, S.; Moriarty, T.; Romero, M. J.

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Charge transfer from an adsorbed ruthenium-based photosensitizer through an ultra-thin aluminium oxide layer and into a metallic substrate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interaction of the dye molecule N3 (cis-bis(isothiocyanato)bis(2,2-bipyridyl-4,4'-dicarboxylato)-ruthenium(II)) with the ultra-thin oxide layer on a AlNi(110) substrate, has been studied using synchrotron radiation based photoelectron spectroscopy, resonant photoemission spectroscopy (RPES) and near edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (NEXAFS). Calibrated X-ray absorption and valence band spectra of the monolayer and multilayer coverages reveal that charge transfer is possible from the molecule to the AlNi(110) substrate via tunnelling through the ultra-thin oxide layer and into the conduction band edge of the substrate. This charge transfer mechanism is possible from the LUMO+2&3 in the excited state but not from the LUMO, therefore enabling core-hole clock analysis, which gives an upper limit of $6.0\\pm$2.5fs for the transfer time. This indicates that ultra-thin oxide layers are a viable material for use in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC), which may lead to reduced recombination effe...

Gibson, Andrew J; Handrup, Karsten; Weston, Matthew; Mayor, Louise C; O'Shea, James N

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

General method for simultaneous optimization of light trapping and carrier collection in an ultra-thin film organic photovoltaic cell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a general method for maximizing the short-circuit current in thin planar organic photovoltaic (OPV) heterojunction cells by simultaneous optimization of light absorption and carrier collection. Based on the experimentally obtained complex refractive indices of the OPV materials and the thickness-dependence of the internal quantum efficiency of the OPV active layer, we analyze the potential benefits of light trapping strategies for maximizing the overall power conversion efficiency of the cell. This approach provides a general strategy for optimizing the power conversion efficiency of a wide range of OPV structures. In particular, as an experimental trial system, the approach is applied here to a ultra-thin film solar cell with a SubPc/C{sub 60} photovoltaic structure. Using a patterned indium tin oxide (ITO) top contact, the numerically optimized designs achieve short-circuit currents of 0.790 and 0.980?mA/cm{sup 2} for 30?nm and 45?nm SubPc/C{sub 60} heterojunction layer thicknesses, respectively. These values correspond to a power conversion efficiency enhancement of 78% for the 30?nm thick cell, but only of 32% for a 45?nm thick cell, for which the overall photocurrent is actually higher. Applied to other material systems, the general optimization method can elucidate if light trapping strategies can improve a given cell architecture.

Tsai, Cheng-Chia, E-mail: ct2443@columbia.edu; Grote, Richard R.; Beck, Jonathan H.; Kymissis, Ioannis [Department of Electrical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Osgood, Richard M. [Department of Electrical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Englund, Dirk [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

30

Blue-detuned evanescent field surface traps for neutral atoms based on mode interference in ultra-thin optical fibres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present and analyze a novel concept for blue-detuned evanescent field surface traps for cold neutral atoms based on two-mode interference in ultra-thin optical fibres. When two or more transverse modes with the same frequency co-propagate in the fibre, their different phase velocities cause a stationary interference pattern to establish. Intensity minima of the evanescent field at any distance from the fibre surface can be created and an array of optical microtraps can thus be obtained in the evanescent field. We discuss three possible combinations of the lowest order modes, yielding traps at one to two hundred nanometres from the fibre surface which, using a few ten milliwatts of trapping laser power, have a depth on the order of 1 mK for caesium atoms and a trapping lifetime exceeding 100 seconds. The resulting trapping geometry is of particular interest because atoms in such microtrap arrays will be coupled to any additional field propagating in the fibre via the evanescent field, thereby realising ensembles of fibre-coupled atoms.

G. Sague; A. Baade; A. Rauschenbeutel

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

31

Heteroepitaxial growth and surface structure of L1{sub 0}-MnGa(111) ultra-thin films on GaN(0001)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

L1{sub 0}-structured MnGa(111) ultra-thin films were heteroepitaxially grown on GaN(0001) under lightly Mn-rich conditions using molecular beam epitaxy. Room-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) investigations reveal smooth terraces and angular step edges, with the surface structure consisting primarily of a 2 × 2 reconstruction along with small patches of 1 × 2. Theoretical calculations were carried out using density functional theory, and the simulated STM images were calculated using the Tersoff-Hamman approximation, revealing that a stoichiometric 1 × 2 and a Mn-rich 2 × 2 surface structure give the best agreement with the observed experimental images.

Mandru, Andrada-Oana; Wang, Kangkang; Cooper, Kevin; Ingram, David C.; Smith, Arthur R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States); Garcia Diaz, Reyes; Takeuchi, Noboru [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States) [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States); Centro de Nanociencias y Nanotecnologia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apartado Postal 14, Ensenada Baja California, Codigo Postal 22800 (Mexico); Haider, Muhammad [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States) [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States); Department of Physics, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, 31261 (Saudi Arabia)

2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

32

Understanding the role of ultra-thin polymeric interlayers in improving efficiency of polymer light emitting diodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Insertion of ultra-thin polymeric interlayers (ILs) between the poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sulphonate hole injection and poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene-alt-benzothiadiazole) (F8BT) light emission layers of polymer light emitting diodes (PLEDs) can significantly increase their efficiency. In this paper, we investigate experimentally a broad range of probable causes of this enhancement with an eye to determining which IL parameters have the most significant effects. The importance of hole injection and electron blocking was studied through varying the IL material (and consequently its electronic energy levels) for both PLED and hole-only diode structures. The role of IL conductivity was examined by introducing a varying level of charge-transfer doping through blending the IL materials with a strong electron-accepting small molecule in concentrations from 1% to 7% by weight. Depositing ILs with thicknesses below the exciton diffusion length of ?15?nm allowed the role of the IL as a physical barrier to exciton quenching to be probed. IL containing PLEDs was also fabricated with Lumation Green Series 1300 (LG 1300) light emission layers. On the other hand, the PLEDs were modeled using a 3D multi-particle Kinetic Monte Carlo simulation coupled with an optical model describing how light is extracted from the PLED. The model describes charge carrier transport and interactions between electrons, holes, singlets, and triplets, with the current density, luminance, and recombination zone (RZ) locations calculated for each PLED. The model shows F8BT PLEDs have a narrow charge RZ adjacent to the anode, while LG 1300 PLEDs have a wide charge RZ that is evenly distributed across the light emitting layer. Varying the light emitting layer from F8BT to Lumation Green Series 1300, we therefore experimentally examine the dependence of the IL function, specifically in regard to anode-side exciton quenching, on the location of the RZ. We found an exponential dependence of F8BT PLED luminance on the difference, ?, in the highest occupied to lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energy gap between the light emitting polymer and a semiconducting polymeric IL, with ? consequently the most important parameter determining efficiency. Understanding the exponential effect that wider energy gap IL materials have on exciton quenching may allow ? to be used to better guide PLED structure design.

Bailey, Jim; Wang, Xuhua; Bradley, Donal D. C.; Kim, Ji-Seon, E-mail: ji-seon.kim@imperial.ac.uk [Department of Physics and Centre for Plastic Electronics, South Kensington Campus, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Wright, Edward N.; Walker, Alison B. [Department of Physics, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY (United Kingdom)

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

33

Microstructural investigation of tablet compaction and tablet pharmacological properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In current tablet manufacturing processes, there is a knowledge gap concerning material transformation and the subsequent impact on tablet properties; this gap presents a barrier to rational formulation / process design. ...

Mao, Kangyi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

User Monitor & Feedback Mechanism for Social Scientific Study on Laptop Energy Reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

change among laptop users via interactive energy-usage feedback with college students as the initiali User Monitor & Feedback Mechanism for Social Scientific Study on Laptop Energy Reduction SCIENTIFIC STUDY ON LAPTOP ENERGY REDUCTION by Namrata Buddhadev APPROVED FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER

Stamp, Mark

35

High performance organic field-effect transistors with ultra-thin HfO{sub 2} gate insulator deposited directly onto the organic semiconductor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have produced stable organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) with an ultra-thin HfO{sub 2} gate insulator deposited directly on top of rubrene single crystals by atomic layer deposition (ALD). We find that ALD is a gentle deposition process to grow thin films without damaging rubrene single crystals, as results these devices have a negligibly small threshold voltage and are very stable against gate-bias-stress, and the mobility exceeds 1 cm{sup 2}/V s. Moreover, the devices show very little degradation even when kept in air for more than 2 months. These results demonstrate thin HfO{sub 2} layers deposited by ALD to be well suited as high capacitance gate dielectrics in OFETs operating at small gate voltage. In addition, the dielectric layer acts as an effective passivation layer to protect the organic semiconductor.

Ono, S., E-mail: shimpei@criepi.denken.or.jp [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Komae, Tokyo 201-8511 (Japan); Häusermann, R. [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Komae, Tokyo 201-8511 (Japan) [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Komae, Tokyo 201-8511 (Japan); Laboratory for Solid State Physics, ETH Zurich, Zurich 8093 (Switzerland); Chiba, D. [Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan) [Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan); PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, 4-1-8 Honcho Kawaguchi, Saitama 322-0012 (Japan); Department of Applied Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Shimamura, K.; Ono, T. [Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan)] [Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan); Batlogg, B. [Laboratory for Solid State Physics, ETH Zurich, Zurich 8093 (Switzerland)] [Laboratory for Solid State Physics, ETH Zurich, Zurich 8093 (Switzerland)

2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

36

PLOrk: The Princeton Laptop Orchestra, Year 1 Daniel Trueman*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, a multi-channel hemispherical speaker, a variety of control devices (key- boards, graphics tablets. The challenges are many: what kinds of sounds can we create? how can we physically control these sounds? how do

37

TRAVELING WITH A LAPTOP COMPUTER OR ELECTRONIC DEVICES Faculty, staff, and students often travel with a laptop computer, PDA, flash drive or other electronic devices. It  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRAVELING WITH A LAPTOP COMPUTER OR ELECTRONIC DEVICES Faculty, staff, and students often travel with a laptop computer, PDA, flash drive or other electronic devices. It is important to note, that these electronic devices, their underlying software, and the technical data stored in them may be subject

Farritor, Shane

38

ISS-005, Laptop Encryption Standard 1/2 UCIT INFORMATION SECURITY STANDARDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ISS-005, Laptop Encryption Standard 1/2 UCIT INFORMATION SECURITY STANDARDS Laptop Encryption Standard Definitions 1 1.1 Encryption: The process used to protect the confidentiality and integrity contained within it is appropriately encrypted. Applicability 3 This standard applies to all UofC owned

Habib, Ayman

39

Posted on Thu, Apr. 06, 2006 Laptop Orchestra boots up in N.J.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Posted on Thu, Apr. 06, 2006 Laptop Orchestra boots up in N.J. By David Patrick Stearns Inquirer for its highly portable equipment, and has up to 15 people onstage operating laptop computers, each/Still), to prosaic hand signals or, in one case, pieces of paper held up with printed directions containing

40

High-resolution structural studies of ultra-thin magnetic, transition metal overlayers and two-dimensional transition metal oxides using synchrotron radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis report the surface-structure determination of three, ultra-thin magnetic transition-metal films, Fe/Au(100), Mn/Ni(100), and Mn/Cu(100) using Angle-Resolved Photoemission Extended Fine Structure (ARPEFS) and photoelectron holography. These structural studies are the first to use non-s initial states in the ARPEFS procedure. This thesis also reports an ARPEFS surface-structure determination of a two-dimensional transition-metal oxide, [(1 x 1)O/W(110)] x 12. The authors have analyzed the ARPFES signal from the Au 4f{sub 7/5} core level of the Au(1 ML)/Fe(15 ML)/Au(100) system. The analysis shows that the Fe grows layer by layer with one monolayer of gold, acting as a surfactant, remaining on top of the growing Fe layers. These surface gold atoms sit in the four-fold hollow site, 1.67 {+-} 0.02 A above the iron surface. The grown Fe layer is very much like the bulk, bcc iron, with an interlayer spacing of 1.43 {+-} 0.03 A. Analysis of the Mn 3p ARPEFS signals from c(2 x 2)Mn/Ni(100) and c(2 x 2)Mn/Cu(100) shows that the Mn forms highly corrugated surface alloys. The corrugation of the Mn/Ni(100) and Mn/Cu(100) systems are 0.24 {+-} 0.02 A and 0.30 {+-} 0.04 A respectively. In both cases the Mn is sticking above the plane of the surface substrate atoms. For the Mn/Ni(100) system the first layer Ni is contracted 4% from the bulk value. The Mn/Cu(100) system shows bulk spacing for the substrate Cu. Photoelectron holography shows that the Mn/Ni interface is very abrupt with very little Mn leaking into the second layer, while the Mn/Cu(100) case has a significant amount of Mn leaking into the second layer. A new, five-element electrostatic electron lens was developed for hemispherical electron-energy analyzers. This lens system can be operated at constant transverse or constants angular magnification, and has been optimized for use with the very small photon-spot sizes. Improvements to the hemispherical electron-energy analyzer are also discussed.

Kellar, S.A. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Advanced Light Source Div.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

T-675: Apple Laptop Battery Interface Lets Local Users Deny Service...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7:03am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in the battery interface used in Apple laptop models. A local user can cause denial of service conditions. PLATFORM: Mac OS X...

42

T-675: Apple Laptop Battery Interface Lets Local Users Deny Service...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3:15pm Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in the battery interface used in Apple laptop models. A local user can cause denial of service conditions. PLATFORM: Mac OS X...

43

The Victorian Laptop: Narrative Engagement through Place and Time J. Cassell & J. Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Victorian Laptop: Narrative Engagement through Place and Time J. Cassell & J. Smith MIT Media Lab E15-315, 20 Ames Street Cambridge, MA 02139 {justine, jsmith}@media.mit.edu Abstract We introduce

Cassell, Justine

44

Untilting BiFeO{sub 3}: The influence of substrate boundary conditions in ultra-thin BiFeO{sub 3} on SrTiO{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the role of oxygen octahedral tilting in the monoclinic-to-tetragonal phase transition in ultra-thin BiFeO{sub 3} films grown on (001) SrTiO{sub 3} substrates. Reciprocal space maps clearly show the disappearance of the integer-order Bragg peak splitting associated with the monoclinic phase when the film thickness decreases below 20 unit cells. This monoclinic-to-tetragonal transition is accompanied by the evolution of the half-order diffraction peaks, which reflects untilting of the oxygen octahedra around the [110] axis, proving that the octahedral tilting is closely correlated with the transition. This structural change is thickness-dependent, and different from a strain-induced transition in the conventional sense.

Yang, Yongsoo, E-mail: ysyang@umich.edu; Clarke, Roy [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Schlepütz, Christian M. [X-ray Science Division, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Adamo, Carolina [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Schlom, Darrell G. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Kavli Institute at Cornell for Nanoscale Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

The standard computer models for 2014 are the Dell 9020 desktop, Dell e6440 laptop, Apple 21.5" iMac desktop and Apple 13" Mac Book Pro laptop or Apple 13" Mac Book Pro with Retina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The standard computer models for 2014 are the Dell 9020 desktop, Dell e6440 laptop, Apple 21.5" iMac desktop and Apple 13" Mac Book Pro laptop or Apple 13" Mac Book Pro with Retina Display (see important distinctions below). Keep in mind that Dell and Apple are continuously modifying their lines, so although

Aalberts, Daniel P.

46

Energy-Agile Laptops: Demand Response of Mobile Plug Loads Using Sensor/Actuator Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy-Agile Laptops: Demand Response of Mobile Plug Loads Using Sensor/Actuator Networks Nathan@me.berkeley.edu Abstract--This paper explores demand response techniques for managing mobile, distributed loads with on observed. Our first simulation study explores a classic demand response scenario in which a large number

Culler, David E.

47

IEEE Wireless Communications April 200762 1536-1284/07/$20.00 2007 IEEE pilot Laptop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are those located about the user's person, and remote devices are those owned/controlled by the user communications device but a diverse range of devices forming a personal area net- work (PAN of wireless processing devices. These devices will include wireless enabled laptops, PDAs, and smartphones

Atkinson, Robert C

48

Direct real space observation of magneto-electronic inhomogeneity in ultra-thin film La{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3??} on SrTiO{sub 3}(001)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent magnetotransport and neutron scattering measurements implicate interfacial magneto-electronic phase separation as the origin of the degradation in transport and magnetism in ultra-thin film La{sub 1?x}Sr{sub x}CoO{sub 3} on SrTiO{sub 3}(001). Here, using low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy the first direct, real space observation of this nanoscopic electronic inhomogeneity is provided. Films of thickness 12.4?nm (32 unit cells) are found to exhibit spatially uniform conductance, in stark contrast to 4.7?nm (12 unit cell) films that display rich variations in conductance, and thus local density of states. The electronic heterogeneity occurs across a hierarchy of length scales (5–50?nm), with complex correlations with both topography and applied magnetic fields. These results thus provide a direct observation of magneto-electronic inhomogeneity in SrTiO{sub 3}(001)/La{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3} at thicknesses below 6–7?nm, in good agreement with less direct techniques.

Kelly, S.; Galli, F.; Aarts, J., E-mail: leighton@umn.edu, E-mail: aarts@physics.leidenuniv.nl [Department of Physics, Leiden University, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Bose, Shameek; Sharma, M.; Leighton, C., E-mail: leighton@umn.edu, E-mail: aarts@physics.leidenuniv.nl [Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

49

An investigation of transportation methods of laptop computers and peripheral equipment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are shown in Figure 21. Shoulder Bag 13% Briefcase 4% 83% Figure 21 Which of the three methods used in this study for laptop transportation did you prefer? (n = 24) CONCLUSIONS After tabulating all of the preceding data, the energy expenditure..., and rolling cart. Figure 2 Typical heart rate vs. V 0, graph, including maximum V 0, estimation. . 10 Figure 3 Average heart rates for males and females (n = 24) . . . . . . . 1 4 Figure 4 Average percentage of maximum oxygen consumption for females (n...

Parker, Martha Katherine

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

50

Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems: Tablet Chlorination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wastewater that is sprayed onto lawns must first be disinfected to prevent odors and remove disease-causing organisms. This publication explains how tablet chlorinators disinfect wastewater and gives tips on how to maintain them....

Lesikar, Bruce J.

2008-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

51

SANCTUARY : asymmetric interfaces for game-based tablet learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes the production of Sanctuary, a multiplayer learning game to be played on two tablet computers. Sanctuary's principle innovation is the splitting of the user interface onto two tablets, separating ...

Haas, Jason M. (Jason Matthew)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Pharmaceutical Tablet Inspection Emil Sauer Lynge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Summary (English) The goal of this thesis is to investigate, how an industrial machine vision solution can implementation. The results thus only reects the explanatory power of the tablets spectral response. A method observed to expected responses. #12;ii #12;Summary (Danish) Målet for denne afhandling er at undersøge

53

Graphene based Ultra-Thin Flat Lenses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on graphene, the world’s thinnest known material. Monolayers and low number multilayers of graphene were fabricated into Fresnel zones to produce Fresnel zone plates which utilize the reflection and transmission properties of graphene for their operation...

Kong, Xiang-Tian; Khan, Ammar A.; Kidambi, Piran R.; Deng, Sunan; Yetisen, Ali K.; Dlubak, Bruno; Hiralal, Pritesh; Montelongo, Yunuen; Bowen, James; Xavier, Stéphane; Jiang, Kyle; Amaratunga, Gehan A. J.; Hofmann, Stephan; Wilkinson, Timothy D.; Dai, Qing; Butt, Haider

2015-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

54

Mobile Technology Choices and Considerations Purdue maintains and manages desktop and laptop computers for learning, research, engagement, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or laptop? The industry has exploded with a new class of personal devices that are just a bit bigger than, Maintenance and Patching The types of devices being discussed here are typically built for both personal established good models for maintaining these types of devices. Programs have been established to standardize

55

The effect of die geometry on extruded paste flow for continuous production of pharmaceutical tablets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The design of an extruder-based continuous tablet forming process of a sample active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) and ethyl acetate requires a device to form and compress the tablets. The flow of the wet extrusion is ...

Nagaraj, Aditi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Design of hot extrusion molding device for the continuous production of pharmaceutical tablets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Currently, pharmaceutical tablets are manufactured in large batch operations that have inefficiencies associated with the stopping, re-configuration and testing between batches. Continuous manufacturing has the potential ...

Zampierollo, Giorgio (Giorgio Romano)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

E-Print Network 3.0 - allergy immunotherapy tablet Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in metro Atlanta that provides services to the homeless. Summary: couch Ibuprofen, cough drops & medicine (alcohol-free), non-drowsy allergy tablets, lubriderm lotion Source:...

58

Neutron detectors comprising ultra-thin layers of boron powder  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-efficiency neutron detector substrate assemblies comprising a first conductive substrate, wherein a first side of the substrate is in direct contact with a first layer of a powder material having a thickness of from about 50 nm to about 250 nm and comprising .sup.10boron, .sup.10boron carbide or combinations thereof, and wherein a conductive material is in proximity to the first layer of powder material; and processes of making said neutron detector substrate assemblies.

Wang, Zhehul; Morris, Christopher

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

59

Ultra-thin moisture barrier coatings for passive components  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polymer Multi-Layer (PML) capacitors have demonstrated excellent performance for numerous power electronics applications, particularly where high temperature stability is required. These capacitors are sensitive to high ...

Jensen, Robert A. (Robert Allen), 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Ultra-Thin, Energy Efficient Facades- A Contradiction in Terms?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the European Union about 40 percent of the energy is consumed in buildings. In Germany roughly a quarter of the primary energy demand is used for the heating of buildings. A detailed analysis reveals that more than 90 percent of this energy...

Ebert, H. P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Ultra-Thin Antifouling Surface Treatments for Industrial Heat Exchangers  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists' Research Petroleum ReserveDepartment of EnergyDepartmentSankar Sambasivan ATFI

62

Floating hot-melt extruded tablets for gastroretentive controlled drug release system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a gastric floating dosage form using the puff ability at the die of a twin-screw extruder. Wei et al. [21Floating hot-melt extruded tablets for gastroretentive controlled drug release system Mamoru Fukuda bicarbonate on the physicochemical properties of controlled release hot- melt extruded (HME) tablets

Peppas, Nicholas A.

63

EIND510 Usability Engineering C:\\NWARD Dell Laptop\\WTI_MSU\\Teaching\\EIND510 Usability Engineering\\EIND510\\EIND510 Fall 2011\\EIND510 syllabus Fall 2011.docx 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of usability engineering across a range of product, service and system domains. #12;EIND510 ­ Usability usability analyses on products or services as part of a team-based usability engineering projectEIND510 ­ Usability Engineering C:\\NWARD Dell Laptop\\WTI_MSU\\Teaching\\EIND510 Usability Engineering

Dyer, Bill

64

How to Report a Missing or Stolen Laptop, Computer, USB Device or Storage Media: 1. Notify the NIH Helpdesk within one hour, and everyone else listed as soon as possible.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How to Report a Missing or Stolen Laptop, Computer, USB Device or Storage Media: 1. Notify the NIH Helpdesk within one hour, and everyone else listed as soon as possible. i. NIH Help Desk: 301- 496 - HELP it was STOLEN, on campus NIH Police at (301) 496-2387, off campus the local police and ask for a copy

Baker, Chris I.

65

Log in to the lab machines, or use your own laptop. The Arduino development environment should be available on the lab machines (if not, it's a quick download to get  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Log in to the lab machines, or use your own laptop. The Arduino development environment should the Arduino tools, hook up your Arduino using a USB cable (there's one that goes to monitor on the lab machines if you don't have one handy). 2) On the Arduino IDE, select File

Madden, Patrick H.

66

Feasibility of Tablet Computer Screening for Opioid Abuse in the Emergency Department  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analysis of diagnostic computer kiosks in four 24. Ewing T,conclusion that tablet computers may be used to screen EDD, Dunbar PJ. Review of computer-generated outpatient health

Weiner, Scott G.; Horton, Laura C.; Green, Traci C.; Butler, Stephen F.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Dyslexia Exercises on my Tablet are more Fun Luz Rello Clara Bayarri Azuki G`orriz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dyslexia Exercises on my Tablet are more Fun Luz Rello Clara Bayarri Azuki G`orriz Cookie Cloud Barcelona, Spain dyseggxia@gmail.com ABSTRACT Worldwide, around 10% of the children have dyslexia for children with dyslexia. It features five dif- ferent exercises, which were derived from previous research

68

PROHIBITED PURCHASES for the Ames Laboratory Purchase Card  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is a list of items that have been determined to be prohibited: Equipment Computing Devices (e.g. desktop, laptop, tablets, thin clients, mini-PCs) Servers Copiers...

69

Ultra-thin Proton Conducting Membranes for H2 Stream Purification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

O conformally on alumina support · Confirmed phase of deposited material, measured retained porosity of Zn, d · Hydrogen quality: Conduction mechanism produces pure, >99.9% H2. Experiments will bear this out (steam + NG) ­ Outputs: H2, retentate consisting of H2O, CO, CO2, CH4, H2, periodic regeneration

70

Fabrication of ultra thin CdS/CdTe solar cells by magnetron sputtering.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? CdTe is a nearly perfect absorber material for second generation polycrystalline solar cells because the bandgap closely matches the peak of the solar spectrum,… (more)

Plotnikov, Victor

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Atomistic calculations of the electronic, thermal, and thermoelectric properties of ultra-thin Si layers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This is also the case for traditionally poor thermoelectric materials such as silicon. This work presents. This is the case even for traditionally poor thermoelectric materials such as Si, which has recently received significant attention in the thermoelectric community. The ability of a material to convert heat

72

A design study on the scaling limit of ultra-thin silicon- on-insulator MOSFETs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

alloy (e.g. , Al:Si) or metal silicide (e.g. , TiSi 2 ). Inleakage current, and immunity to Metal Gate Silicide SourceDrain Substrate Metal Gate Silicide Source Drain Buried

Lu, Wei-Yuan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

POWERING A CLEANER FUTURE R&D on an Ultra-Thin Composite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in PEMFCs Chao-Yi Yuh (DE-FC02-99EE27567) 2003 Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Merit Review Meeting Berkeley, CA May and Reporting 20 2000 Annual Report 21 2001 Annual Report 22 2002 Auunal Report 23 Final Report 8/1 1/15 10/2 10 Pressure, 60-120°C Neat H2 Fuel, 1.2 Stoich; Air Oxidant, 2.0 Stoich Humidification: Cell 60, 80°C: 100% R

74

Ultra thin indium tin oxide films on various substrates by pulsed laser deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) thin films with low resistivities of 0.1--0.2 m{Omega}-cm were deposited on various substrates such as YSZ, glass, and ZnO buffered glass by pulsed laser deposition (PLD). The X-ray rocking curve of crystalline (200) ITO films grown on (100) YSZ had a FWHM as narrow as 0.08{degree}. ITO films grown on ZnO (0001) buffered glass had an single (222) orientation and the X-ray rocking curve had a FWHM of 2.1{degree}. Ultrathin ITO films of 3.6nm were fabricated on YSZ and their electrical properties were measured from 10K--300K. ITO films fabricated on ZnO buffered glass and bare glass were characterized by Hall effect measurements as a function of temperature. The results indicate that the resistivity of ITO films grown by PLD does not depend on the orientation or the structure of the thin film. The resistivity is dominated by impurity scattering in the range of 10K--300K. The authors show that ZnO/glass is a good alternative to bare glass for producing commercial ITO films.

Sun, X.W.; Kwok, H.S. [Hong Kong Univ. of Science and Technology, Kowloon (Hong Kong). Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering; Kim, D.H. [LG Electronics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

75

Ultra-thin ohmic contacts for p-type nitride light emitting devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A flip-chip semiconductor based Light Emitting Device (LED) can include an n-type semiconductor substrate and an n-type GaN epi-layer on the substrate. A p-type GaN epi-layer can be on the n-type GaN epi-layer and a metal ohmic contact p-electrode can be on the p-type GaN epi-layer, where the metal ohmic contact p-electrode can have an average thickness less than about 25 .ANG.. A reflector can be on the metal ohmic contact p-electrode and a metal stack can be on the reflector. An n-electrode can be on the substrate opposite the n-type GaN epi-layer and a bonding pad can be on the n-electrode.

Raffetto, Mark; Bharathan, Jayesh; Haberern, Kevin; Bergmann, Michael; Emerson, David; Ibbetson, James; Li, Ting

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

76

Thermal conductivity of ultra-thin chemical vapor deposited hexagonal boron nitride films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal conductivity of freestanding 10?nm and 20?nm thick chemical vapor deposited hexagonal boron nitride films was measured using both steady state and transient techniques. The measured value for both thicknesses, about 100?±?10?W m{sup ?1} K{sup ?1}, is lower than the bulk basal plane value (390?W m{sup ?1} K{sup ?1}) due to the imperfections in the specimen microstructure. Impressively, this value is still 100 times higher than conventional dielectrics. Considering scalability and ease of integration, hexagonal boron nitride grown over large area is an excellent candidate for thermal management in two dimensional materials-based nanoelectronics.

Alam, M. T.; Haque, M. A., E-mail: mah37@psu.edu [Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Bresnehan, M. S.; Robinson, J. A. [Materials Science and Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA and The Center for Two-Dimensional and Layered Materials, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States)] [Materials Science and Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA and The Center for Two-Dimensional and Layered Materials, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States)

2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

77

14%-efficient flexible CdTe solar cells on ultra-thin glass substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flexible glass enables high-temperature, roll-to-roll processing of superstrate devices with higher photocurrents than flexible polymer foils because of its higher optical transmission. Using flexible glass in our high-temperature CdTe process, we achieved a certified record conversion efficiency of 14.05% for a flexible CdTe solar cell. Little has been reported on the flexibility of CdTe devices, so we investigated the effects of three different static bending conditions on device performance. We observed a consistent trend of increased short-circuit current and fill factor, whereas the open-circuit voltage consistently dropped. The quantum efficiency under the same static bend condition showed no change in the response. After storage in a flexed state for 24 h, there was very little change in device efficiency relative to its unflexed state. This indicates that flexible glass is a suitable replacement for rigid glass substrates, and that CdTe solar cells can tolerate bending without a decrease in device performance.

Rance, W. L.; Burst, J. M.; Reese, M. O.; Gessert, T. A.; Metzger, W. K.; Barnes, T. M. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Meysing, D. M.; Wolden, C. A. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Garner, S.; Cimo, P. [Corning Incorporated, Corning, New York 14831 (United States)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

78

Mesoporous silica as a membrane for ultra-thin implantable direct glucose Tushar Sharma,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and worldwide.1 Consequently, there is an upsurge in the various novel implantable devices to diag- nose- dioverter defibrillator (AICD) and pacemakers. Implantable direct glucose fuel cells (biofuel cells) provide

79

The effects of strain on carrier transport in thin and ultra-thin SOI MOSFETs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thin-body MOSFET geometries such as fully-depleted SOI and double-gate devices are attractive because they can offer superior scaling properties compared to bulk and thick-body SOI devices. The electrostatics of a MOSFET ...

Lauer, Isaac, 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Optical bandgap of ultra-thin amorphous silicon films deposited on crystalline silicon by PECVD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An optical study based on spectroscopic ellipsometry, performed on ultrathin hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) layers, is presented in this work. Ultrathin layers of intrinsic amorphous silicon have been deposited on n-type mono-crystalline silicon (c-Si) wafers by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD). The layer thicknesses along with their optical properties –including their refractive index and optical loss- were characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE) in a wavelength range from 250 nm to 850 nm. The data was fitted to a Tauc-Lorentz optical model and the fitting parameters were extracted and used to compute the refractive index, extinction coefficient and optical bandgap. Furthermore, the a-Si:H film grown on silicon was etched at a controlled rate using a TMAH solution prepared at room temperature. The optical properties along with the Tauc-Lorentz fitting parameters were extracted from the model as the film thickness was reduced. The etch rate for ultrathin a-Si:H layers in TMAH at room temperature was found to slow down drastically as the c-Si interface is approached. From the Tauc-Lorentz parameters obtained from SE, it was found that the a-Si film exhibited properties that evolved with thickness suggesting that the deposited film is non-homogeneous across its depth. It was also found that the degree of crystallinity and optical (Tauc) bandgap increased as the layers were reduced in thickness and coming closer to the c-Si substrate interface, suggesting the presence of nano-structured clusters mixed into the amorphous phase for the region close to the crystalline silicon substrate. Further results from Atomic Force Microscopy and Transmission Electron Microscopy confirmed the presence of an interfacial transitional layer between the amorphous film and the underlying substrate showing silicon nano-crystalline enclosures that can lead to quantum confinement effects. Quantum confinement is suggested to be the cause of the observed increase in the optical bandgap of a-Si:H films close to the a-Si:H/cSi interface.

Abdulraheem, Yaser, E-mail: yaser.abdulraheem@kuniv.edu.kw [Electrical Engineering Department, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University. P.O. Box 5969, 13060 Safat (Kuwait); Gordon, Ivan; Bearda, Twan; Meddeb, Hosny; Poortmans, Jozef [IMEC, Kapeldreef 75, 3001, Leuven (Belgium)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Ballistic Phonon Transport in Ultra-Thin Silicon Layers: Effects of Confinement and Orientation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­23]. The thermal conductivity in bulk Si is isotropic, however, in low-dimensional materials the choice formalism to calculate the thermal conductance. We consider the major thin layer surface orientations {100}, {110}, {111}, and {112}. For every surface orientation, we study thermal conductance as a function

82

Numerical study of the thermoelectric power factor in ultra-thin Si nanowires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conductivity, respectively. The interrelation between , S, and e in bulk materials keeps ZT low [1]. Some thermoelectric (TE) performance because of a drastic reduction in their thermal conductivity, l. This has been conductivity, S is the Seebeck coefficient, and e and l are the electronic and lattice part of the thermal

83

Effects of surface pretreatments on interface structure during formation of ultra-thin yttrium silicate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

silicate dielectric ®lms on silicon J.J. Chambersa , B.W. Buschb , W.H. Schulteb , T. Gustafssonb , E indicates that the yttrium silicate ®lms are amorphous with uniform contrast throughout the layer. MEIS ($10 A� ) SiO2 ®lm and oxidized, a yttrium silicate ®lm is formed with bonding and composition similar

Gustafsson, Torgny

84

A design study on the scaling limit of ultra-thin silicon- on-insulator MOSFETs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

oxygen-ion implantation (SIMOX) and wafer bonding are particularly suitable for VLSI applications due to their compatibility with established CMOS processing technology.technologies for the formation of silicon-on-insulator structures. They are SIMOX (Separation by Implanted Oxygen),technology is illustrated in Fig. 4.19. A high dose of oxygen

Lu, Wei-Yuan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Collaborative textual improvisation in a laptop ensemble  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For us, text-based performance interfaces, such as those used in live coding systems (Collins et al. 2003), are a fascinating fusion of composition and improvisation. Textual performance interfaces can offer a precise and ...

Van Troyer, Akito Oshiro

86

Why a laptop orchestra? DAN TRUEMAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nascent efforts to integrate electronic technology with the orchestra.1 Both endeavours remain problematic through a centralised PA system, or sometimes through a localised mono-directional amplifier. N The design ­ has the potential to both guide the development of new instruments and technologies and also suggest

87

Separation of CO2 Using Ultra-Thin Multi-Layer Polymeric Membranes for Compartmentalized Fiber Optic Sensor Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optic Sensor Applications by Benjamin Davies B.Eng., University of Guelph, 2011 A Thesis Submitted for Compartmentalized Fiber Optic Sensor Applications by Benjamin Davies B. Eng., University of Guelph, 2011 Supervisory trapping occurring through mineralization within the first 20-50 years. A fiber optic based monitoring

Victoria, University of

88

LARGE SUPERCONDUCTING DETECTOR MAGNETS WITH ULTRA THIN COILS FOR USE IN HIGH ENERGY ACCELERATORS AND STORAGE RINGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Construction of a SuperconductingAluminum Stabilized·LBL-53S0, Hay 1977. Superconducting Magnet," CLyogenicsthe development of thin superconductiog solenoid magnets for

Green, M.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Experimental investigation of size effect on thermal conductivity for ultra-thin amorphous poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An investigation was conducted to determine whether a “size effect” phenomenon for one particular thermophysical property, thermal conductivity, actually exists for amorphous poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) films with thicknesses ranging from 40 nm...

Kim, Ick Chan

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

Molecular Dynamic Simulation of Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Ultra-Thin Poly(methyl methacrylate) Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The thermal conductivity of PMMA films with thicknesses from 5 to 50 nanometers and layered over a treated silicon substrate is explored numerically by the application of the reverse non-equilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) technique...

Silva Hernandez, Carlos Ardenis A.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

91

R&D on an Ultra-Thin Composite Membrane for High-Temperature Operation in PEMFC. Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

FuelCell Energy developed a novel high-temperature proton exchange membrane for PEM fuel cells for building applications. The laboratory PEM fuel cell successfully operated at 100-400{supdegree}C and low relative humidity to improve CO tolerance, mitigate water and thermal management challenges, and reduce membrane cost. The developed high-temperature membrane has successfully completed 500h 120C endurance testing.

Yuh, C.-Y.

2003-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

92

Monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem, ultra-thin, strain-counterbalanced, photovoltaic energy converters with optimal subcell bandgaps  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Modeling a monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem, solar photovoltaic converter or thermophotovoltaic converter by constraining the bandgap value for the bottom subcell to no less than a particular value produces an optimum combination of subcell bandgaps that provide theoretical energy conversion efficiencies nearly as good as unconstrained maximum theoretical conversion efficiency models, but which are more conducive to actual fabrication to achieve such conversion efficiencies than unconstrained model optimum bandgap combinations. Achieving such constrained or unconstrained optimum bandgap combinations includes growth of a graded layer transition from larger lattice constant on the parent substrate to a smaller lattice constant to accommodate higher bandgap upper subcells and at least one graded layer that transitions back to a larger lattice constant to accommodate lower bandgap lower subcells and to counter-strain the epistructure to mitigate epistructure bowing.

Wanlass, Mark W. (Golden, CO); Mascarenhas, Angelo (Lakewood, CO)

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

93

Production of ultra-thin nano-scaled graphene platelets from meso-carbon micro-beads  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of producing nano-scaled graphene platelets (NGPs) having an average thickness no greater than 50 nm, typically less than 2 nm, and, in many cases, no greater than 1 nm. The method comprises (a) intercalating a supply of meso-carbon microbeads (MCMBs) to produce intercalated MCMBs; and (b) exfoliating the intercalated MCMBs at a temperature and a pressure for a sufficient period of time to produce the desired NGPs. Optionally, the exfoliated product may be subjected to a mechanical shearing treatment, such as air milling, air jet milling, ball milling, pressurized fluid milling, rotating-blade grinding, or ultrasonicating. The NGPs are excellent reinforcement fillers for a range of matrix materials to produce nanocomposites. Nano-scaled graphene platelets are much lower-cost alternatives to carbon nano-tubes or carbon nano-fibers.

Zhamu, Aruna; Guo, Jiusheng; Jang, Bor Z

2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

94

Effects of surface pretreatments on interface structure during formation of ultra-thin yttrium silicate dielectric films on silicon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

silicate dielectric films on silicon J. J. Chambers Department of Chemical Engineering, North Carolina indicates that the yttrium silicate films are amorphous with uniform contrast throughout the layer. MEIS (10 Ã?) SiO2 film and oxidized, a yttrium silicate film is formed with bonding and composition similar

Garfunkel, Eric

95

Page 1 of 4 Classroom Seat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 of 4 Classroom Seat Count Seat Type CTec Room "Type" Projectors Digital Goose- neck Mic Camera Laptop Input Touch Panel Control 1 AGS G29 35 loose tablet standard 1 X X X X X 2 AGS G31 47 loose tablet standard 1 X X X X X 3 AGS G101 44 loose tables standard 1 X X X X X 4 AGS 1001 112 fixed tablet

Mohaghegh, Shahab

96

GENERAL PURPOSE HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS (Laptop or Desktop) MINIMUM HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

128GB Solid State Drive Intel HD Graphics 4000 Intel Iris Graphics 7 hour battery life 9 hour battery Hard Disk Drive 128GB Solid State Drive Intel HD Graphics 4000 Intel Iris Graphics 7 hour battery life Generation Intel Core i5-4200U Memory: 8GB DDR3 Hard Drive: 750GB Hard Disk Drive or 256GB Solid State Drive

97

Nanoscale-accuracy transfer printing of ultra-thin AlInGaN light-emitting diodes onto mechanically flexible substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The transfer printing of 2 ?m-thick aluminum indium gallium nitride (AlInGaN) micron-size light-emitting diodes with 150?nm (±14?nm) minimum spacing is reported. The thin AlInGaN structures were assembled onto mechanically flexible polyethyleneterephthalate/polydimethylsiloxane substrates in a representative 16 × 16 array format using a modified dip-pen nano-patterning system. Devices in the array were positioned using a pre-calculated set of coordinates to demonstrate an automated transfer printing process. Individual printed array elements showed blue emission centered at 486?nm with a forward-directed optical output power up to 80??W (355 mW/cm{sup 2}) when operated at a current density of 20?A/cm{sup 2}.

Trindade, A. J., E-mail: antonio.trindade@strath.ac.uk; Guilhabert, B.; Massoubre, D.; Laurand, N.; Gu, E.; Watson, I. M.; Dawson, M. D. [Institute of Photonics, SUPA, University of Strathclyde, 106 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0NW (United Kingdom)] [Institute of Photonics, SUPA, University of Strathclyde, 106 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0NW (United Kingdom); Zhu, D.; Humphreys, C. J. [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, 27 Charles Babbage Road, Cambridge CB3 0FS (United Kingdom)] [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, 27 Charles Babbage Road, Cambridge CB3 0FS (United Kingdom)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

98

Broadband absorption enhancement in ultra-thin crystalline Si solar cells by incorporating metallic and dielectric nanostructures in the back reflector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a back-reflecting scheme in order to enhance the maximum achievable current in one micron thick crystalline silicon solar cells. We perform 3-dimensional numerical investigations of the scattering properties of metallic nanostructures located at the back side, and optimize them for enhancing absorption in the silicon layer. We validate our numerical results experimentally and also compare the absorption enhancement in the solar cell structure, both with quasi-periodic and random metallic nanostructures. We have looked at the interplay between the metallic nanostructures and an integrated back-reflector. We show that the combination of metallic nanoparticles and a metallic reflector results in significant parasitic absorption. We compared this to another implementation based on titanium dioxide nanoparticles which act as a lambertian reflector of light. Our simulation and experimental results show that this proposed configuration results in reduced absorption losses and in broadband enhancement of a...

Jain, Samart; Miljkovic, Vladimir D; Dmitriev, Alexamder; Trompoukis, Christos; Gordon, Ivan; van Dorpe, Pol; Daif, Ounsi El

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Comparison of gold- and graphene-based resonant nano-structures for terahertz metamaterials and an ultra-thin graphene-based modulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphene exhibits unique material properties and in electromagnetic wave technology, it raises the prospect of devices miniaturized down to the atomic length scale. Here we study split-ring resonator metamaterials made from graphene and we compare them to gold-based metamaterials. We find that graphene's huge reactive response derived from its large kinetic inductance allows for deeply subwavelength resonances, although its resonance strength is reduced due to higher dissipative loss damping and smaller dipole coupling. Nevertheless, tightly stacked graphene rings may provide for negative permeability and the electric dipole resonance of graphene meta-atoms turns out to be surprisingly strong. Based on these findings, we present a terahertz modulator based on a metamaterial with a multi-layer stack of alternating patterned graphene sheets separated by dielectric spacers. Neighbouring graphene flakes are biased against each other, resulting in modulation depths of over 75% at a transmission level of around 90%...

Shen, Nian-Hai; Koschny, Thomas; Soukoulis, Costas M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Method of making dense, conformal, ultra-thin cap layers for nanoporous low-k ILD by plasma assisted atomic layer deposition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Barrier layers and methods for forming barrier layers on a porous layer are provided. The methods can include chemically adsorbing a plurality of first molecules on a surface of the porous layer in a chamber and forming a first layer of the first molecules on the surface of the porous layer. A plasma can then be used to react a plurality of second molecules with the first layer of first molecules to form a first layer of a barrier layer. The barrier layers can seal the pores of the porous material, function as a diffusion barrier, be conformal, and/or have a negligible impact on the overall ILD k value of the porous material.

Jiang, Ying-Bing (Albuquerque, NM); Cecchi, Joseph L. (Albuquerque, NM); Brinker, C. Jeffrey (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Rapid Quantitation of Ascorbic and Folic Acids in SRM 3280 Multivitamin/Multielement Tablets using Flow-Injection Tandem Mass Spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

RATIONALE: Ascorbic acid (AA) and folic acid (FA) are water-soluble vitamins and are usually fortified in food and dietary supplements. For the safety of human health, proper intake of these vitamins is recommended. Improvement in the analysis time required for the quantitative determination of these vitamins in food and nutritional formulations is desired. METHODS: A simple and fast (~5 min) in-tube sample preparation was performed, independently for FA and AA, by mixing extraction solvent with a powdered sample aliquot followed by agitation, centrifugation, and filtration to recover an extract for analysis. Quantitative detection was achieved by flow-injection (1 L injection volume) electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) in negative ion mode using the method of standard addition. RESULTS: Method of standard addition was employed for the quantitative estimation of each vitamin in a sample extract. At least 2 spiked and 1 non-spiked sample extract were injected in triplicate for each quantitative analysis. Given an injection-to-injection interval of approximately 2 min, about 18 min was required to complete the quantitative estimation of each vitamin. The concentration values obtained for the respective vitamins in the standard reference material (SRM) 3280 using this approach were within the statistical range of the certified values provided in the NIST Certificate of Analysis. The estimated limit of detections of FA and AA were 13 and 5.9 ng/g, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Flow-injection ESI-MS/MS was successfully applied for the rapid quantitation of FA and AA in SRM 3280 multivitamin/multielement tablets.

Bhandari, Deepak [ORNL] [ORNL; Kertesz, Vilmos [ORNL] [ORNL; Van Berkel, Gary J [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Mobile Communications May 30, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

data plans (i.e. for laptops or tablets) also qualify #12;Personal Use Option Users may opt credits Personal use option Stipends ("allowances") #12;Billing Verizon will send one master invoice Payroll deductions for employees who opt-in for personal use will be credited back to the account

103

Economics of User-in-the-Loop Demand Control with Differentiated QoS in Cellular Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is expected to grow with a rate of 100% per year. Smart mobile devices, tablets and laptop dongles- gestion and connection failures. Demand shaping is implemented by a dynamic usage-based tariff. Overall this saves money, energy and turns situations of hard congestion into an elastic stationarity

Yanikomeroglu, Halim

104

USENIX Association 10th USENIX Symposium on Networked Systems Design and Implementation (NSDI '13) 57 eDoctor: Automatically Diagnosing Abnormal Battery Drain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, yet the focus has primarily been on normal usage, i.e., where the energy used is needed for normal sales overtook traditional personal computers (including desk- tops, laptops and tablets). Configured to feature phones (low-end cell phones with limited functionality). Unfortunately, due to limited energy

Zhou, Yuanyuan

105

Future Network and MobileSummit 2013 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for remote execution in order to optimize the application performance and energy efficiency of the mobile of mobile handheld devices such as smart cell phones, tablet PCs and laptops. It is therefore not Copyright computing will occupy a significant proportion of Internet usage in the future. Despite the combined

Secci, Stefano

106

eDoctor: Automatically Diagnosing Abnormal Battery Drain Issues on Smartphones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

computers (including desk- tops, laptops and tablets). Configured with more powerful hardware and more with limited functionality). Unfortunately, due to limited energy density and battery size, the improvement in the smartphone industry. Fruitful work has been done to reduce energy consump- tion on smartphones and other

Voelker, Geoffrey M.

107

University of Sheffield Sustainable Print Policy 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

produced, print consumables used, the number of personal printing devices on campus. 3. It applies to all screen or via projection at meetings, use of personal devices such as laptop computers or tablets. 9 printing devices whether connected to the network, connected locally via desktop computing, photocopiers

Martin, Stephen John

108

Multipath Probabilistic Early Response TCP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Chair of Committee, A. L. Narasimha Reddy Committee Members, Riccardo Bettati Srinivas Shakottai Head of Department, Costas N. Georghiades August 2012 Major Subject: Computer Engineering iii ABSTRACT Multipath Probabilistic Early Response TCP.... (August 2012) Ankit Singh, B.Tech., Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. A. L. Narasimha Reddy Many computers and devices such as smart phones, laptops and tablet devices are now equipped with multiple network...

Singh, Ankit

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

109

Students Use of Laptops in Large Lecture Classes: Distraction, Partial Attention or Productive Use?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and in personal usage it seems that effective ways to use technology in education should continue to be explored and channeled in pedagogically sound directions. Early discussions on technology usage, prior to the prevalence of Technology Assessment and Design, Faculty of Informatics, Vienna University of Technology purg

110

Source Location Privacy against Laptop-Class Attacks in Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

it is then possible for them to interfere with the phenomena being sensed or even mount physical attacks on the mon- sages sent periodically to hide real event reports. The global and greedy solutions improve the naive towards a base station to report this event. Note that an attacker can easily detect the transmission

Liu, Donggang

111

Albert R. Mann Library Instructions for Using a Laptop/MacBook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the Circulation Desk.) 3) Go to the Control Panel in Windows. 4) Right-click to Open the graphics driver (e and select Graphic Properties and then Display Settings to change the resolution. (The native resolution

Angenent, Lars T.

112

Albert R. Mann Library Instructions for Using a Laptop/MacBook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Desk.) 3) Go to the Control Panel in Windows. 4) Right-click to Open the graphics driver (e.g. Intell-combination until the display is correct.) 4) Right-click on the desktop and select Graphic Properties

Angenent, Lars T.

113

INSTRUCTIONS FOR HOOKING UP A LAPTOP/MACBOOK TO LCD LOLLYPOP STAND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Desk.) 3) Go to the Control Panel in Windows. 4) Right-click to Open the graphics driver (e.g. Intell) Right-click on the desktop and select Graphic Properties and then Display Settings to change

Angenent, Lars T.

114

WIRELESS ENERGY TRANSFER CAN POTENTIALLY RECHARGE LAPTOPS, CELL PHONES WITHOUT CORDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Soljaci realized that the close-range induction taking place inside a transformer -- or something similar and John Joannopoulos on the physics of electromagnetic fields, showing how wireless energy could power electric power does not require wires to be in physical contact all the way. Electric motors and power

Soljaèiæ, Marin

115

Aditya Shah, Abhinav Dalal April 13, 2009 The Global Laptop Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[6]. Increasing focus on the environmental impact of high-tech trash has lead to more stringent that the first commercial portable computer - Osborne 1 - became available [2]. The next big event in the history environmental regulations on the electronics industry such as the RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances

116

Adjust your laptop's power settings to save energy Carry your reusable water bottle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recycling receptacles Use Compact Florescent Lightbulbs Buy local produce and goods Get involved student-led farm on campus), and supporting education in agroecology and sustainable food systems. "Each

117

Could 135,000 Laptops Help Solve the Energy Challenge? | Department of  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartmentSmart GridThird Quarterinto PARS |

118

Solid State eBurner for Supplying Power to Laptops, Cellphones - Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBiSite CulturalDepartment2) 1/8Advanced Materials AdvancedInnovation

119

Stunning viewing experience The XPS 15 is the first 15.6" laptop to use the new and innovative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Module for BitLocker Data Encryption, ProSupportTM* and Configuration Services such as static imaging and asset tagging. Dell XPS 15 Highest resolution 15.6" display meets powerhouse performance Dell recommends

Fiebig, Peter

120

Green Machines and Constructionism: The Rhetoric and Reality of One Laptop Per Child in Sub-Saharan Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar, are in development but are not currently being offered to schools, and would not be capable of providing power to

Bamattre, Richard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Abstract--Video streaming on mobile devices such as PDA's, laptop PCs, pocket PCs and cell phones is becoming increasingly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

personalization strategies are used to provide these resource- constrained mobile devices with personalized video to resource constrained client-devices. Index Terms-- Video personalization; Caching; Cache replacement. As handheld mobile computing and communication devices such as personal digital assistants (PDAs), pocket

Bhandarkar, Suchendra "Suchi" M.

122

algab barcelonas menufestival: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

obtained new ultra-thin crystalline silicon wafers, a significant development for the photovoltaic industry. Investigadores de la UPC Politcnica de Catalunya, Universitat...

123

E-Print Network 3.0 - atom layer scale Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to simulate the atomic assembly processes during oxidation of ultra-thin (6 A ) aluminum layer... atomic scale structures of any material can be gained provided a high...

124

Ad-hoc Collaborative Document Annotation on a Tablet PC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The use of technology as an effective educational tool has been an elusive goal in the past. Specifically, previous attempts at using small personal computers in the classroom to aid students as collaborative and note-taking ...

Huang, Albert

125

Seletos 1 COMPARING NATIVE AND CROSS-PLATFORM DEVELOPMENT TABLET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

like animations, touch sensors, button interaction and sound output all help to hold the attention..............................................................................................4 2 Background.1.1 Multi-Platform Development Environment.................................6 2.2 Autism Background

Miles, Will

126

On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems: Tablet Chlorination (Spanish)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L-5344S 01-06 Figura 1: La manera m?s com?n de desinfectar los sistemas individuales es la cloraci?n con pastilla. Sistemas individuales para el tratamiento de aguas negras Cloraci?n con pastilla Richard Weaver, Bruce Lesikar y Juan Enciso Profesor... de Microbiolog?a del Medio Ambiente y del Suelo, Promotores Especialistas de Ingenier?a Agr?cola El Sistema Universitario Texas A&M L as aguas negras rociadas al c?sped deben desinfectarse primero para evitar malos olores y eliminar microorganismos...

Weaver, Richard; Lesikar, Bruce J.; Enciso, Juan

2006-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

127

Proposals with computer/laptop and software purchases: In order to use agency funds to pay for computers, software and peripherals,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

graphics output functions for wave-energy modeling. Funds have been requested to purchase a computer as processing of vector and raster graphics. Funds are requested to purchase Adobe SpeedGrade CS6 to enable

Kurapov, Alexander

128

Stability Issues in Sputtered CdS/CdTe Solar Cells.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Magnetron sputtering is a well-established thin-film deposition technique which is particularly well-suited for sub-micron layers. We use this method to deposit ultra-thin CdS/CdTe layers… (more)

Paudel, Naba Raj

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

affect dielectric membrane: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

how relaxation dynamics of a poly-vinyl-acetate ultra-thin film is influenced by inorganic nano-inclusions of a layered silicate (montmorillonite). Dielectric loss spectra are...

130

Biological applications of weal polyelectrolyte multilayers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis research focused on biological applications of ultra-thin weak polyelectrolyte multilayers with specific emphasis on cell patterning, drug delivery, and antibacterial coatings. All of these very different ...

Berg, Michael C., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Coupled Microscale Electrophoresis and Electrochemistry: A Versatile Platform for Label-free Detection, Manufacture of Encapsulated Microbubbles and Protein Crystallization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

it possible to transport charged macromolecules from the bulk solution to an electrode surface where they become compacted into an ultra-thin film. Using this principle, we focused on seeking new detection strategies (label-free detection), new applications...

Huang, Yu-Wen

2013-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

132

A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Idle Laptop Figure 9.4: Aggregated energy usage by applianceenergy usage based on the appliance types, such CHAPTER 8. FEEDBACK as “desktops”, “laptops”, “

Jiang, Xiaofan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

E-Print Network 3.0 - als competence victorian Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Victorian Laptop: Narrative Engagement through Place and Time J. Cassell & J. Smith MIT Media... to have full story understanding. We present the Victorian Laptop, an...

134

E-Print Network 3.0 - ascorbic acid tablets Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

was to examine whether glutathione (GSH) and ascorbic acid, two reac- tive... groups: acrolein, acroleinGSH and acroleinascorbic ... Source: Shi, Riyi - Weldon School of...

135

Temporal and spatial study of drying of suspension and solution droplets for tablets coating purposes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application to the pharmaceutical industry,” Advances inwidely used in the pharmaceutical industry to coat tabletsids used in the pharmaceutical industry, when immersed in a

Sartori Velasco, Silvana

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

E-Print Network 3.0 - amlexanox oral tablets Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

any sex (oral, vaginal, anal or using sex toys) with a partner until their treatment... sex (oral, vaginal, anal or using sex toys) with a partner until their treatment has also...

137

A Speech Processing Research Platform for Android Based Smart Phones and Tablets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is called Speech Enhancement for Android (SEA) and incorporates past and present speech enhancement- ing staff can use this platform to perform speech enhancement and observe its effects. Index Terms: speech enhancement, speech processing, spec- trogram, Android, smart phone 1. Introduction

138

"Tablet-level Origin of Toughening in Abalone Shells and Translation to Synthetic Nanocomposite Materials"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bio-inspired nanocomposites. In particular, the development of a nacre-like material, fabricated by 3D printing and exhibiting similar failure modes, will be presented. Then, I will discuss the nanomechanics

Ghosh, Somnath

139

Temporal and spatial study of drying of suspension and solution droplets for tablets coating purposes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sat Saturation solu Solute solv Solvent vi LIST OF FIGURES2 = ? 2?k g t + R 0 2 ? solv C pg To find ? , the equation3.4. Integrating m(t), t m solv,v = m ? dt = ? ? solv R s

Sartori Velasco, Silvana

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

V-069: BlackBerry Tablet OS Adobe Flash Player and Samba Multiple  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment of EnergyProgram2-26TheUtility-Scale Wind & SolarDepartmentArbitrary

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Feasibility of Tablet Computer Screening for Opioid Abuse in the Emergency Department  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DA, Merchant RC, et al. Energy drink and other substance useand young adults about their energy drink and caffeinated

Weiner, Scott G.; Horton, Laura C.; Green, Traci C.; Butler, Stephen F.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

V-158: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists' Research Petroleum ReserveDepartmentScripting Attacks | DepartmentDepartment of

143

U-228: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyTheTwo New Energy Storage6ScriptingURL Address Bar,Department of

144

Complementary chiral metasurface with strong broadband optical activity and enhanced transmission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the design and realization of ultra-thin chiral metasurfaces with giant broadband optical activity in the infrared wavelength. The chiral metasurfaces consisting of periodic hole arrays of complementary asymmetric split ring resonators are fabricated by femtosecond laser two-photon polymerization. Enhanced transmission with strong polarization conversion up to 97% is observed owing to the chiral surface plasmons resulting from mirror symmetry broken. The dependence of optical activity on the degree of structural asymmetry is investigated. This simple planar metasurface is expected to be useful for designing ultra-thin active devices and tailoring the polarization behavior of complex metallic nanostructures.

Jia, Yan-Peng [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 29 Zhongguancun East Road, Beijing 100190 (China) [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 29 Zhongguancun East Road, Beijing 100190 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Zhang, Yong-Liang; Dong, Xian-Zi, E-mail: dongxianzi@mail.ipc.ac.cn, E-mail: xmduan@mail.ipc.ac.cn; Zheng, Mei-Ling; Li, Jing; Liu, Jie; Zhao, Zhen-Sheng [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 29 Zhongguancun East Road, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 29 Zhongguancun East Road, Beijing 100190 (China); Duan, Xuan-Ming, E-mail: dongxianzi@mail.ipc.ac.cn, E-mail: xmduan@mail.ipc.ac.cn [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 29 Zhongguancun East Road, Beijing 100190 (China) [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 29 Zhongguancun East Road, Beijing 100190 (China); Chongqing Institute of Green and Intelligent Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 266 Fangzheng Ave, Shuitu Technology Development Zone, Beibei District, Chongqing 400714 (China)

2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

145

Learning Literacy with Wikipedia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laptop per Child in Uruguay Uruguay provided a laptop to every 1st- 6th grade child in the country. 395 per Child in Uruguay Children's favorite activities, by grade (2009) WEB #12;"I like my XO because

Ananian, C. Scott

146

AN ADVANCED CALIBRATION PROCEDURE FOR COMPLEX IMPEDANCE SPECTRUM MEASUREMENTS OF ADVANCED ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the increasing demand for electric and hybrid electric vehicles and the explosion in popularity of mobile and portable electronic devices such as laptops, cell phones, e-readers, tablet computers and the like, reliance on portable energy storage devices such as batteries has likewise increased. The concern for the availability of critical systems in turn drives the availability of battery systems and thus the need for accurate battery health monitoring has become paramount. Over the past decade the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Montana Tech of the University of Montana (Tech), and Qualtech Systems, Inc. (QSI) have been developing the Smart Battery Status Monitor (SBSM), an integrated battery management system designed to monitor battery health, performance and degradation and use this knowledge for effective battery management and increased battery life. Key to the success of the SBSM is an in-situ impedance measurement system called the Impedance Measurement Box (IMB). One of the challenges encountered has been development of an accurate, simple, robust calibration process. This paper discusses the successful realization of this process.

William H. Morrison; Jon P. Christophersen; Patrick Bald; John L. Morrison

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Hardware Architecture for Measurements for 50-V Battery Modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy storage devices, especially batteries, have become critical for several industries including automotive, electric utilities, military and consumer electronics. With the increasing demand for electric and hybrid electric vehicles and the explosion in popularity of mobile and portable electronic devices such as laptops, cell phones, e-readers, tablet computers and the like, reliance on portable energy storage devices such as batteries has likewise increased. Because many of the systems these batteries integrated into are critical, there is an increased need for an accurate in-situ method of monitoring battery state-of-health. Over the past decade the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Montana Tech of the University of Montana (Tech), and Qualtech Systems, Inc. (QSI) have been developing the Smart Battery Status Monitor (SBSM), an integrated battery management system designed to monitor battery health, performance and degradation and use this knowledge for effective battery management and increased battery life. Key to the success of the SBSM is an in-situ impedance measurement system called the Impedance Measurement Box (IMB). One of the challenges encountered has been development of a compact IMB system that will perform rapid accurate measurements of a battery impedance spectrum working with higher voltage batteries of up to 300 volts. This paper discusses the successful realization of a system that will work up to 50 volts.

Patrick Bald; Evan Juras; Jon P. Christophersen; William Morrison

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

A virtual control room with an embedded, interactive nuclear reactor simulator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of virtual nuclear control room can be an effective and powerful tool for training personnel working in the nuclear power plants. Operators could experience and simulate the functioning of the plant, even in critical situations, without being in a real power plant or running any risk. 3D models can be exported to Virtual Reality formats and then displayed in the Virtual Reality environment providing an immersive 3D experience. However, two major limitations of this approach are that 3D models exhibit static textures, and they are not fully interactive and therefore cannot be used effectively in training personnel. In this paper we first describe a possible solution for embedding the output of a computer application in a 3D virtual scene, coupling real-world applications and VR systems. The VR system reported here grabs the output of an application running on an X server; creates a texture with the output and then displays it on a screen or a wall in the virtual reality environment. We then propose a simple model for providing interaction between the user in the VR system and the running simulator. This approach is based on the use of internet-based application that can be commanded by a laptop or tablet-pc added to the virtual environment. (authors)

Markidis, S.; Rizwan, U. [Dept. of Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering, Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Instructions for Using Virtual Private Network (VPN)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Virtual Private Network (VPN) provides access to network drives and is recommended for use only from a EITS provided laptop.

150

Microsoft Word - DE-NR0000031-075.doc  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

procurement for FEMP designated products (5) Environmentally preferable and energy efficient electronics including desktop computers, laptops and monitors are at...

151

TABLE OF CONTENTS  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

procurement for FEMP designated products (5) Environmentally preferable and energy efficient electronics including desktop computers, laptops and monitors are at...

152

Contract DE-AC05-00OR22800  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

procurement for FEMP designated products (5) Environmentally preferable and energy efficient electronics including desktop computers, laptops and monitors are at...

153

SOLICITATION, OFFER AND AWARD  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

procurement for FEMP designated products (5) Environmentally preferable and energy efficient electronics including desktop computers, laptops and monitors are at...

154

_Part II - Contract Clauses  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

procurement for FEMP designated products (4) Environmentally preferable and energy efficient electronics including desktop computers, laptops and monitors are at...

155

acoustical response: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

... 10 Sources of Wind Turbine Sound Massachusetts at Amherst, University of 195 Acoustic Laptops as a research...

156

1715 The Meteoritical Society, 2006. Printed in USA. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41, Nr 11, 17151720 (2006)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in epoxy resin is a standard method for preparing ultra-thin sections for electron microscopy. In this report we describe a new embedding technique that uses acrylic resin instead of epoxy. This method offers be embedded in a suitable medium. Normally this medium is epoxy resin. In most respects, epoxy is an excellent

Matrajt, Graciela

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Journal of Computational Electronics 3: 337340, 2004 c 2005 Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. Manufactured in The Netherlands.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Journal of Computational Electronics 3: 337­340, 2004 c 2005 Springer Science + Business Media, Inc Effects on Device Operation HASANUR R. KHAN, DRAGICA VASILESKA AND S.S. AHMED Department of Electrical.Heitzinger@asu.edu Abstract. Novel device concepts such as dual gate SOI, Ultra thin body SOI, FinFETs, etc., have emerged

Ringhofer, Christian

158

Brookhaven National Laboratory FY 2008 LDRD PROJECTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model G.J. Wang MED/490 06-097 Photocatalytic Reduction of CO2 in Supercritical CO2 D. Grills CHEM/555 and Nanoparticles for Solar Energy Conversion E. Sutter CFN/480 06-030 Development of Gadolinium-Loaded Liquid in Solar Energy J. Miller CHEM/555A 07-035 Ultra-thin Graphite Analog Compounds L. Cooley CMPMSD/480 07

Ohta, Shigemi

159

ULTRA-LIGHTWEIGHT AMORPHOUS SILICON SOLAR CELLS DEPOSITED OIN 7.5pn-1 THICK STAINLESS STEEL SUBSTRATES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ULTRA-LIGHTWEIGHT AMORPHOUS SILICON SOLAR CELLS DEPOSITED OIN 7.5pn-1 THICK STAINLESS STEEL specific power for space application, we deposited a-Si thin film solar cells on ultra-thin stainless steel-thin stainless steel (SS) substrates (down to 7.5 pm) for space power applications. In this paper, we report our

Deng, Xunming

160

Ultrathin, high-efficiency, broad-band, omni-acceptance, organic solar cells enhanced by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Three of central challenges in solar cells are high light coupling into solar cell, high light trappingUltrathin, high-efficiency, broad-band, omni- acceptance, organic solar cells enhanced by plasmonic and demonstration of a new ultra-thin high- efficiency organic solar cell (SC), termed "plasmonic cavity

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Power MEMS 2007, Nov. 28-29, 2007, Freiburg, Germany Fig. 1: Micro quartz combustor. (a) Schematic,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power MEMS 2007, Nov. 28-29, 2007, Freiburg, Germany 265 Fig. 1: Micro quartz combustor. (a, 1.0 mm, and 1.5 mm. FLAME PROPAGATION AND QUENCHING IN ULTRA-THIN QUARTZ COMBUSTORS Yong Fan, Yuji and analysis of premixed CH4/Air flame propagation and quenching in three quartz combustors with chamber depth

Kasagi, Nobuhide

162

Min: C Max: C Weather Details  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prices and concerns over climate change. While conventional solar cells are bulky and rigid, building/Story/STISto... #12;Besides being as efficient as conventional solar panels, these ultra- thin cells may be cheaper as investor CHICAGO: American researchers have found a way to make efficient silicon-based solar cells

Rogers, John A.

163

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 514 (2003) 150155 Laser detection of radiation enhanced electron transport in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be enhanced substantially by X-ray radiation-induced damage as detected by a novel fast-pulsed laser technique by radiation-induced neutral traps in the oxide [4]. In particular, optical SHG has become an extremely useful of radiation enhanced electron transport in ultra-thin oxides R. Pasternaka, *, Y.V. Shirokayaa , Z. Markaa , J

Tolk, Norman H.

164

ribology is the science and technology of contact-ing solid surfaces in relative motion, including the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

» friction and lubrication under extreme conditions, such as high-temperature or nonequilibrium, includ- ing, including the study of lubricants, lubrication, friction, wear, and bearings. It is estimated that friction), and in the development of durable, low-friction surfaces and ultra-thin lubrication films. Friction between contacting

Guo, Yi

165

www.plusplasticelectronics.com THE CIRCUIT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

www.plusplasticelectronics.com THE CIRCUIT + SMART FABRICS 2011 + SMART TEXTILES SALON watch NANOMATERIALS IN PRINTED ELECTRONICS The circuit SMART FABRICS 2011 SMART TEXTILES SALON in Physics in 2010 for their discovery of graphene, an ultra-thin carbon material with extraordinary

Aksay, Ilhan A.

166

Development of a pressurized low-temperature tablet press for a carbon dioxide flash frozen ice confection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This document details the conception, design, and testing of a series of prototype powder-pelletizing devices for use with an ice confection powder produced using a CO2 spray freezing process. The device must function at ...

Lopez, David M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

The finest 2-in-1 The XPS 11 provides the convenience of a tablet, with all of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

like carbon fiber, machined aluminum and glass. Carbon fiber is strong like aluminum, and thin, but feels cooler to the touch and is lighter in weight. We used more carbon fiber than ever before in the XPS 11, allowing for a thinner and stronger form. Multiple layers and patterns of carbon fiber

Fiebig, Peter

168

Speech Enhancement for Android (SEA): A Speech Processing Demonstration Tool for Android Based Smart Phones and Tablets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Speech Enhancement for Android (SEA): A Speech Processing Demonstration Tool for Android Based presents a speech processing platform which can be used to demonstrate and investigate speech enhancement methods. This platform is called Speech Enhancement for Android (SEA), and has been developed

169

METTA: A TABLET-BASED PLATFORM FOR MONITORED AT HOME TRAINING AS DEMONSTRATED THROUGH THE EPICWHEELS WHEELCHAIR SKILLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is presented in (Zerin, O'Brien, Ahamed, & Smith, 2013), but it is aimed at practitioners rather than patients

Mitchell, Ian

170

Department of Industrial Engineering Fall 2011 Terminal Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

models of different terminal components Fabricated prototype of front tablet housing using 3D printing

Demirel, Melik C.

171

January 2012 CaliforniaInformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

other through mobile phones, tablet devices, social media, personal computers, and the web. Californians

172

Simultaneous laser cutting and welding of metal foil to edge of a plate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of welding an ultra-thin foil to the edge of a thicker sheet to form a vacuum insulation panel comprising the steps of providing an ultra-thin foil having a thickness less than 0.002, providing a top plate having an edge and a bottom plate having an edge, clamping the foil to the edge of the plate wherein the clamps act as heat sinks to distribute heat through the foil, providing a laser, moving the laser relative to the foil and the plate edges to form overlapping weld beads to weld the foil to the plate edges while simultaneously cutting the foil along the weld line formed by the overlapping beads.

Pernicka, John C. (Fort Collins, CO); Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Simultaneous laser cutting and welding of metal foil to edge of a plate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for welding an ultra-thin foil to the edge of a thicker sheet to form a vacuum insulation panel comprising the steps of providing an ultra-thin foil having a thickness less than 0.002, providing a top plate having an edge and a bottom plate having an edge, clamping the foil to the edge of the plate wherein the clamps act as heat sinks to distribute heat through the foil, providing a laser, moving the laser relative to the foil and the plate edges to form overlapping weld beads to weld the foil to the plate edges while simultaneously cutting the foil along the weld line formed by the overlapping beads. 7 figs.

Pernicka, J.C.; Benson, D.K.; Tracy, C.E.

1996-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

174

Statistical Directions for the Analysis of Participatory Mobile Health Asthma Management Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mark Hansen, Chair Mobile technology has become increasinglyGeneral Introduction Mobile technology (laptops, readers,Usage studies of modern mobile technologies have also been

Hasenstab, Kyle Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

A High-Performance PHEV Battery Pack  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

LCD Glass OLED Materials Color Filter Lithium-Ion Batteries for - Mobile Phone, Laptop, Power Tool - Hybrid & Electric Vehicles - ESS Energy Solution(10%) Petro-...

176

EFFICIENT AND FAIR ROUTING FOR MESH NETWORKS 1 ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Apr 16, 2009 ... The energy that a laptop spends in retransmissions does not benefit it ... around 13% of the total mobile phone market in the third quarter of.

2010-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

177

Framework for Modeling the Uncertainty of Future Events in Life Cycle Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M. , ( 2010), Product carbon footprint (PCF) assessment ofand Pflueger J. , (2012), Carbon footprint of a dell rackin 65% of the product carbon footprint of a laptop used in

Chen, Yi-Fen; Simon, Rachel; Dornfeld, David

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Optimization Online - Efficient and Fair Routing for Mesh Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feb 8, 2010 ... Abstract: Inspired by the One Laptop Per Child project, we consider mesh networks that connect devices that cannot recharge their batteries ...

Andrea Lodi

2010-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

179

+  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

including processing classified national security information. LANL reported an inventory of approximately 5,000 laptop and 30,000 desktop computers at the end of Fiscal Year...

180

E-Print Network 3.0 - apple mac os Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

with the Built-In Display LCD NOTE... : For help please contact the Circulation Desk on the first floor. Laptops and ... Source: Angenent, Lars T. - Department of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

66 PLANTmanagement (PC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), (image processing) (DSP). 8-bit, 32-bit, . , - PLC. , , , ( .. ladder PLC), . o, PLC - (.. ). , ( RT-Linux, QNX ..), . , . PLC . laptop 2 , . 2V

Papadopoulos, Evangelos

182

alopecia clinical narratives: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Victorian Laptop: Narrative Engagement through Place and Time J. Cassell & J. Smith MIT Media their experience and the story presented. These systems rely upon the...

183

FY2011 Sensitive Property List Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Drives Computers Desktop, Laptop, Workstation, Server Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) Devices property is defined as property that is highly portable, easily converted to personal use and is more

184

Page 1 of 3 Radiogram No. 1679u Form 24 for 03/02/2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subsystem Preventive Maintenance, Group E FGB 2 Fan Cleaning Inspection of Air Conditioner Inspection Inspection of Air Conditioner Inspection and Cleaning of Auxiliary Computer System () Laptops

185

GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs Monolithic Tandem Cells for High-Performance Solar Concentrators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a new approach for ultra-high-performance tandem solar cells that involves inverted epitaxial growth and ultra-thin device processing. The additional degree of freedom afforded by the inverted design allows the monolithic integration of high-, and medium-bandgap, lattice-matched (LM) subcell materials with lower-bandgap, lattice-mismatched (LMM) materials in a tandem structure through the use of transparent compositionally graded layers. The current work concerns an inverted, series-connected, triple-bandgap, GaInP (LM, 1.87 eV)/GaAs (LM, 1.42 eV)/GaInAs (LMM, {approx}1 eV) device structure grown on a GaAs substrate. Ultra-thin tandem devices are fabricated by mounting the epiwafers to pre-metallized Si wafer handles and selectively removing the parent GaAs substrate. The resulting handle-mounted, ultra-thin tandem cells have a number of important advantages, including improved performance and potential reclamation/reuse of the parent substrate for epitaxial growth. Additionally, realistic performance modeling calculations suggest that terrestrial concentrator efficiencies in the range of 40-45% are possible with this new tandem cell approach. A laboratory-scale (0.24 cm2), prototype GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs tandem cell with a terrestrial concentrator efficiency of 37.9% at a low concentration ratio (10.1 suns) is described, which surpasses the previous world efficiency record of 37.3%.

Wanlass, M. W.; Ahrenkiel, S. P.; Albin, D. S.; Carapella, J. J.; Duda, A.; Emery, K.; Geisz, J. F.; Jones, K.; Kurtz, S.; Moriarty, T.; Romero, M. J.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

The evolution of chlorine gas during degassing operations of aluminum using hexachloroethane tablets in relation to melt temperature and degasser depth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, suffocation can result. ' With 6, 7 high concentrations, the eyes become irritated, and coughing accompanied by labored breathing may result. Larger doses cause the person to become generally excited and restless. The individual will sneeze and 6 salivate.... If the irritation is only in the nasal passages, a sneeze results which helps to clear the nasal passages of foreign matter. A cough reflex is initiated when the lungs become irritated. The cough is a means by which the passageways of the lungs are cleared...

Kotrla, Claren James

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Renato Lo Cigno www.dit.unitn.it/locigno/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) · Normally battery powered: one more problem on energy consupmption · Are the backbone of "Ambient with cell/HiFi/TV · PDA, cell phone, clock, alarm, laptop · mouse, keyboard, laptop · ... #12;Renato · Topology Management ­ Cooperation among nodes ­ How to reward nodes that use resources for others · Usage

Lo Cigno, Renato Antonio

188

Renato Lo Cigno www.dit.unitn.it/locigno/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) · Normally battery powered: one more problem on energy consupmption · Are the backbone of "Ambient with cell/HiFi/TV · PDA, cell phone, clock, alarm, laptop · mouse, keyboard, laptop · ... Renato · Topology Management ­ Cooperation among nodes ­ How to reward nodes that use resources for others · Usage

Lo Cigno, Renato Antonio

189

Solid State Research CenterDOE Fuel Cell Portable Power Workshop End User Perspective Industrial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Usage :KU 19901980 :KU 2000 :KU 2010 :KU On Body Energy Solid State Research CenterDOE Fuel Cell · Notebook - ~20.0W ·High unit growth of Mobile phones driving energy demand ·Laptop computer power demands) Power(W) Energy & Power of Portable Devices Cellular Phone Laptop Computer Palm III Palm VII 2-way Radio

190

A Study of the Performance of SSL on PDAs Youngsang Shin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

being used as handheld computers. Today, their network connectivity and their usages for various tasks and comparative study of the performance of the SSL protocol for PDA and laptop clients, both in WEP secured for a laptop client, but surprisingly most of the delay comes from network latency and other PDA architecture

Gupta, Minaxi

191

User-Driven Frequency Scaling Arindam Mallik, Student Member, IEEE, Bin Lin, Gokhan Memik, Member, IEEE, Peter Dinda, Member, IEEE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scaling (DVFS), e.g, those used in current laptop and desktop computers. UDFS dynamically adapts CPU techniques through user studies conducted on a Pentium M laptop running Windows applications. The UDFS scheme supported by Department of Energy Award DE-FG02-05ER25691 and NSF Grants IIS- 0613568, CNS-0551639, CNS

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

192

Including Variability in Large-Scale Cluster Power Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, mobile (laptop), desktop, and server processor spac- es, reflecting energy-efficient server.rivoire@sonoma.edu University of CA, Santa Cruz3 eka@soe.ucsc.edu Abstract--Studying the energy efficiency of large five-node clusters using embedded, laptop, desktop, and server processors. The variation is manifested

Rivoire, Suzanne

193

The Portable Extensible Toolkit for Scientific computing Day 1: Usage and Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Portable Extensible Toolkit for Scientific computing Day 1: Usage and Algorithms Jed Brown CSCS runs performantly on a laptop · No iPhone support Jed Brown (ETH Zürich) PETSc day 1 CSCS 2010-05-10 5) · Same code runs performantly on a laptop · No iPhone support Jed Brown (ETH Zürich) PETSc day 1 CSCS

194

Renato Lo Cigno www.dit.unitn.it/locigno/didattica/NC/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on energy consupmption · Are the backbone of "Ambient Intelligence" concepts #12;2 Renato, laptop · mouse, keyboard, laptop · ... Renato.LoCigno@dit.unitn.it Nomadic Communications: Wireless Mesh among nodes ­ How to reward nodes that use resources for others · Usage context ­ Ad Hoc Networks were

Lo Cigno, Renato Antonio

195

Software or Hardware: The Future of Green Enterprise Maria Kazandjieva, Brandon Heller, Omprakash Gnawali, Wanja Hofer,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

computing systems ­ laptops ­ would save more energy than state- of-the-art power management software, interest in "green computing" has motivated research into energy-saving techniques for enterprise systems of replacing every desktop with a laptop? To an- swer this question, we use power and utilization data col

Stanford University

196

ERAS: Efficient, Robust, Adaptive, and Scalable Service Composition in Overlay Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. With a diverse spectrum of devices, ranging from powerful desktops, to less powerful and energy-sensitive laptops applications); optimizes global resource usage in one-to- many application scenarios by means of multicast Laptop watermarked BMP video in lower quality Computer Hand-held (b) Cell Phone video content Speech

Nahrstedt, Klara

197

Inspired Design The slim, light Latitude 6430u is simply beautiful from every  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

laptops ever. All systems are BFR/PVC- free2 , EPEAT registered3 , ENERGY STAR 5.2 qualified and offer of Latitude E-family laptops, the Latitude 6430u is amongst the most environmentally- responsible Latitude. Available with a 14.0" HD or 14.0" HD+ display4 and HDMI and VGA ports, it enables versatile usage

Fiebig, Peter

198

The Design, Implementation, and Evaluation of a Compiler Algorithm for CPU Energy Reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Physical measurements on a high­performance laptop show that total system (i.e., laptop) energy savings, with a performance slowdown of 2%. It was also discovered that the energy usage of the programs using our DVSThe Design, Implementation, and Evaluation of a Compiler Algorithm for CPU Energy Reduction Chung

Kremer, Ulrich

199

Video Production Services Computing and IT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;Video Production Services Computing Captioning software #12;#12;Laptop/ speed typing software Encoder/ Decoder Video feed Captioning software Screen display #12;#12;Laptop/ speed typing software Encoder/ Decoder Video feed Captioning software

Bolding, M. Chad

200

Computer Replacement Guidelines Environmental Health and Safety, Stanford University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Replacement Guidelines Environmental Health and Safety, Stanford University 17 November 2005 This document describes the guidelines for replacing laptop and desktop computers at Environmental Health and Safety. PC laptop and desktop computers will be replaced a) on an ongoing basis where

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

ITS Services to Students ITS Service Desk ("help desk") http://6-tech.uncg.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ITS Services to Students Support ITS Service Desk ("help desk") ­ http://6-tech.uncg.edu o and consultation, repairs for Student Laptop Program laptops, wireless connectivity assistance, help://ispartan.uncg.edu o iSpartan serves as the University's email and calendaring system o Includes additional tools

Saidak, Filip

202

December 2007 SECURING EXTERNAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

devices such as desktop and laptop computers, personal digital assistants (PDAs), and cell phones. These teleworkers use devices such as desktop and laptop computers, personal digital assistants (PDAs), and cellDecember 2007 SECURING EXTERNAL COMPUTERS AND OTHER DEVICES USED BY TELEWORKERS SECURING EXTERNAL

203

Improving Wireless Network Performance Using Sensor Hints Lenin Ravindranath, Calvin Newport, Hari Balakrishnan and Samuel Madden  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

predict that smartphones and pads/tablets will surpass world- wide PC sales by the end of 2011 [20 is practical and readily implementable because almost ev- ery smartphone and tablet today comes equipped

204

Towards a core calculus for implicitly migration-capable applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@research.att.com Abstract Mobile computational devices, like smartphones, tablets and lap- tops, have become a standard part

Plotkin, Joshua B.

205

Characterization and reduction of microfabrication-induced decoherence in superconducting quantum circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many superconducting qubits are highly sensitive to dielectric loss, making the fabrication of coherent quantum circuits challenging. To elucidate this issue, we characterize the interfaces and surfaces of superconducting coplanar waveguide resonators and study the associated microwave loss. We show that contamination induced by traditional qubit lift-off processing is particularly detrimental to quality factors without proper substrate cleaning, while roughness plays at most a small role. Aggressive surface treatment is shown to damage the crystalline substrate and degrade resonator quality. We also introduce methods to characterize and remove ultra-thin resist residue, providing a way to quantify and minimize remnant sources of loss on device surfaces.

C. M. Quintana; A. Megrant; Z. Chen; A. Dunsworth; B. Chiaro; R. Barends; B. Campbell; Yu Chen; I. -C. Hoi; E. Jeffrey; J. Kelly; J. Y. Mutus; P. J. J. O'Malley; C. Neill; P. Roushan; D. Sank; A. Vainsencher; J. Wenner; T. C. White; A. N. Cleland; John M. Martinis

2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

206

Fermi-level depinning and contact resistance reduction in metal/n-Ge junctions by insertion of W-encapsulating Si cluster films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate Fermi-level depinning in metal/Ge junctions and a significant reduction of specific contact resistivity of n-Ge by inserting an ultra-thin semiconducting Si-rich W silicide film (WSi{sub n}, n?=?12–14) composed of W-encapsulating Si clusters. Dependence of the specific contact resistivity on the electron Schottky barrier height followed the ideal exponential relation for various contact metal species. This result indicates that the insertion of the WSi{sub n} film provides a negligible contribution to contact resistivity because its tunneling resistance is very low owing to the low offset of the conduction band edge of Ge.

Okada, Naoya [Nanoelectronics Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8562 (Japan); Institute of Applied Physics, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573 (Japan); Uchida, Noriyuki [Nanoelectronics Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8562 (Japan); Kanayama, Toshihiko [Institute of Applied Physics, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573 (Japan); National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan)

2014-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

207

Fast neutron dosimetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This progress report concentrates on two major areas of dosimetry research: measurement of fast neutron kerma factors for several elements for monochromatic and white spectrum neutron fields and determination of the response of thermoluminescent phosphors to various ultra-soft X-ray energies and beta-rays. Dr. Zhixin Zhou from the Shanghai Institute of Radiation Medicine, People's Republic of China brought with him special expertise in the fabrication and use of ultra-thin TLD materials. Such materials are not available in the USA. The rather unique properties of these materials were investigated during this grant period.

DeLuca, P.M. Jr.; Pearson, D.W.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Light trapping in a 30-nm organic photovoltaic cell for efficient carrier collection and light absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe surface patterning strategies that permit high photon-collection efficiency together with high carrier-collection efficiency in an ultra-thin planar heterojunction organic photovoltaic cell. Optimized designs reach up to 50% photon collection efficiency in a P3HT layer of only 30 nm, representing a 3- to 5-fold improvement over an unpatterned cell of the same thickness. We compare the enhancement of light confinement in the active layer with an ITO top layer for TE and TM polarized light, and demonstrate that the light absorption can increase by a factor of 2 due to a gap-plasmon mode in the active layer.

Tsai, Cheng-Chia; Banerjee, Ashish; Osgood, Richard M; Englund, Dirk

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Load regulating expansion fixture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A free standing self contained device for bonding ultra thin metallic films, such as 0.001 inch beryllium foils is disclosed. The device will regulate to a predetermined load for solid state bonding when heated to a bonding temperature. The device includes a load regulating feature, whereby the expansion stresses generated for bonding are regulated and self adjusting. The load regulator comprises a pair of friction isolators with a plurality of annealed copper members located therebetween. The device, with the load regulator, will adjust to and maintain a stress level needed to successfully and economically complete a leak tight bond without damaging thin foils or other delicate components. 1 fig.

Wagner, L.M.; Strum, M.J.

1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

210

Load regulating expansion fixture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A free standing self contained device for bonding ultra thin metallic films, such as 0.001 inch beryllium foils. The device will regulate to a predetermined load for solid state bonding when heated to a bonding temperature. The device includes a load regulating feature, whereby the expansion stresses generated for bonding are regulated and self adjusting. The load regulator comprises a pair of friction isolators with a plurality of annealed copper members located therebetween. The device, with the load regulator, will adjust to and maintain a stress level needed to successfully and economically complete a leak tight bond without damaging thin foils or other delicate components.

Wagner, Lawrence M. (San Jose, CA); Strum, Michael J. (San Jose, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Niobium superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the performance of superconducting nanowire photon detectors fabricated from ultra-thin Nb. A direct comparison is made between these detectors and similar nanowire detectors fabricated from NbN. We find that Nb detectors are significantly more susceptible than NbN to thermal instability (latching) at high bias. We show that the devices can be stabilized by reducing the input resistance of the readout. Nb detectors optimized in this way are shown to have approximately 2/3 the reset time of similar large-active-area NbN detectors of the same geometry, with approximately 6% detection efficiency for single photons at 470 nm.

Annunziata, Anthony J; Chudow, Joel D; Frunzio, Luigi; Rooks, Michael J; Frydman, Aviad; Prober, Daniel E

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Electron energy loss spectroscopy studies of MgO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. HREELS studies were conducted on ultra-thin films of MgO(100) formed on Mo(100) in order to establish a new approach to investigate adsorbate vibrations on oxide surfaces. The conductive nature of the Mo substrate prevented the occurrence of charging...-specular scattering geometry of 8'-10' were the optimum conditions for circumventing the problem posed by the intensity of the phonon losses and thus observing the HREELS vibrational spectra of adsorbates on MgO. Water, deuterium dioxide, methanol, acetic acid...

Estrada, Cesar Antonio

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Nanotribology and Nanoscale Friction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tribology is the science and technology of contacting solid surfaces in relative motion, including the study of lubricants, lubrication, friction, wear, and bearings. It is estimated that friction and wear cost the U.S. economy 6% of the gross national product (Persson, 2000). For example, 5% of the total energy generated in an automobile engine is lost to frictional resistance. The study of nanoscale friction has a technological impact in reducing energy loss in machines, in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), and in the development of durable, low-friction surfaces and ultra-thin lubrication films.

Guo, Yi [Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey; Qu, Zhihua [University of Central Florida, Orlando; Braiman, Yehuda [ORNL; Zhang, Zhenyu [ORNL; Barhen, Jacob [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Last revised 7/15/2013 Page 1 of 5 The following checklist should be completed when someone terminates (by resignation, involuntary termination,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

address in ESS. RETURN ALL UNIVERSITY PROPERTY 1. Keys (building, office, desk, files, vehicles, lockers. Computers/laptops/palm pilots or other peripheral equipment (e.g., printers, cameras) 4. Cellular phones

215

Development of a MEMS turbocharger and gas turbine engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As portable electronic devices proliferate (laptops, GPS, radios etc.), the demand for compact energy sources to power them increases. Primary (non-rechargeable) batteries now provide energy densities upwards of 180 W-hr/kg, ...

Savoulides, Nicholas, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Northwestern University Information Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... Integrated Technology Classrooms Online Lectures Collaborative Course Management Tools ...in any teaching environment Classroom Laptop Mobile Device www.it.northwestern.edu NUITAcademic&ResearchTechnologiesNorthwestern University Information Technology (NUIT) is committed to supporting faculty research

Shull, Kenneth R.

217

MSU Recycling recycle.msu.edu 517-355-1723 MARCH 15, 2014 9:00A.M.1:00P.M.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELECTRONICS Computers (All Parts) Mice Keyboards Laptops All Types of External Drives CRT Monitors LCD Makers Fryers Toaster Ovens Electric Knives Electric Razors/Trimmers Hair Dryers Electric Toothbrushes

Liu, Taosheng

218

E-Print Network 3.0 - atraumatic posteroinferior multidirectional...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences and Ecology ; Geosciences 88 Posted on Thu, Apr. 06, 2006 Laptop Orchestra boots up in N.J. Summary: connected to a small, multidirectional speaker and carrying out...

219

Ingenious hurdles to access V.S. Sunder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with disabilities throughout this month. She began by commissioning a fleet of buses equipped with special lifts different nature from free TV sets or laptops. My need is actually quite simply stated: All I want

Sunder, V S

220

Development of quantitative tools for assessment of cerebellar dysfunction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two tools for the quantitative assessment of cerebellar dysfunction are developed and explored. One is based on a battery of laptop tests desgined for clinical use. Extensive analysis of one of the tests using a speed/accuracy ...

Garg, Aditi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

eyeDentify: Multimedia Cyber Foraging from a Smartphone Roelof Kemp, Nicholas Palmer, Thilo Kielmann, Frank Seinstra, Niels Drost, Jason Maassen and Henri Bal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

whilst decreasing its energy usage. Keywords-content analysis; object recognition; mobile; mid- dleware challenging, energy capacity). Smartphone applications that require extensive computation typically offload resources such as laptops, desktops and home servers, or to public resources including clouds [12

Seinstra, Frank J.

222

An Agent-Based Simulation Laboratory for Economics and Infrastructure Interdependency David A. Schoenwald, Dianne C. Barton, and Mark A. Ehlen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sectors have different usages of energy, transportation, financial, communication sectors? 3. What short on a laptop supported by both an input and output graphical user interface that will allow users to change

Tesfatsion, Leigh

223

Office of Student Activities Mattin Center, Suite 210  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Software is free to all students, faculty and staff! Protect your investment for Parents, First-Year Students, Transfer students, and International students; on provides software to protect your laptop. A 4-year license of Front Door

224

California Geothermal Power Plant to Help Meet High Lithium Demand...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

High Lithium Demand September 20, 2012 - 1:15pm Addthis Ever wonder how we get the materials for the advanced batteries that power our cell phones, laptops, and even some...

225

Supporting Advanced Scientific Computing Research Basic Energy Sciences Biological  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Environmental Research · Fusion Energy Sciences · High Energy Physics · Nuclear Physics Science ­ they carry many types of traffic ­ Desktop machines, laptops, wireless ­ VOIP ­ HVAC control systems

226

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum heat exchangers Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

rejector consists of an aluminum heat sink... 10 10 Figure 4 Schematic of a typical remote heat exchanger system 12 11 Figure 5 Heat pipe... in laptop computers ... Source:...

227

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced heat pipes Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Thermal Hinge System in IBM Thinkpad T series... 10 10 Figure 4 Schematic of a typical remote heat exchanger system 12 11 Figure 5 Heat pipe... in laptop computers rely on...

228

Low voltage vertical recording preamplifier for hard disk drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, with increased demand for battery powered devices such as laptops, MP3 players, personal video recorders, andmanyother wireless hand-held devices, power consumption has become an important design parameter.Furthermore, in order to continue to increase drive...

Mellachervu, Ramachandra Murthy

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

229

_Part II - Contract Clauses  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

14 Contract DE-AC04-94AL85000 Modification No. M202 (4) Environmentally preferable and energy efficient electronics including desktop computers, laptops and monitors are at...

230

Airport Viz - A 3D Tool to Enhance Security Operations | ornl...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

simulation and 3D visualization engine, capable of running on a laptop or high-end graphics workstation, Airport Viz allows a number of alternative designs to be studied....

231

Energy efficient operating systems and software  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy efficient system design is becoming increasingly important with the proliferation of portable, battery-operated appliances such as laptops, Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) and cellular phones. Numerous dedicated ...

Sinha, Amit, 1976-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Evaluation of TechnologiesEvaluation of Technologies and Regulatory Policies forand Regulatory Policies for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated steam cycle model for PC plants Dry feed gasifier and sulfur capture system 7FB gas turbine plant performance and cost model · A desktop/laptop computer model developed for DOE/NETL; free

233

Strain induced Z{sub 2} topological insulating state of ?-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Topological insulators are non-trivial quantum states of matter which exhibit a gap in the electronic structure of their bulk form, but a gapless metallic electronic spectrum at the surface. Here, we predict a uniaxial strain induced electronic topological transition (ETT) from a band to topological insulating state in the rhombohedral phase (space group: R3{sup ¯}m) of As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} (?-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3}) through first-principles calculations including spin-orbit coupling within density functional theory. The ETT in ?-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} is shown to occur at the uniaxial strain ?{sub zz}?=??0.05 (?{sub zz}?=?1.77?GPa), passing through a Weyl metallic state with a single Dirac cone in its electronic structure at the ? point. We demonstrate the ETT through band inversion and reversal of parity of the top of the valence and bottom of the conduction bands leading to change in the ?{sub 2} topological invariant ?{sub 0} from 0 to 1 across the transition. Based on its electronic structure and phonon dispersion, we propose ultra-thin films of As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} to be promising for use in ultra-thin stress sensors, charge pumps, and thermoelectrics.

Pal, Koushik [Chemistry and Physics of Materials Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore 560064 (India); Theoretical Sciences Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore 560064 (India); Waghmare, Umesh V., E-mail: waghmare@jncasr.ac.in [Theoretical Sciences Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore 560064 (India)

2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

234

Correlations between surface structure and catalytic activity/selectivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Objective is to address the keys to understanding the relation between surface structure and catalytic activity/selectivity. Of concern are questions related to enhanced catalytic properties of mixed-metal catalysts and critical active site requirements for molecular synthesis and rearrangement. The experimental approach utilizes a microcatalytic reactor contiguous to a surface analysis system, an arrangement which allows in vacuo transfer of the catalyst from one chamber to the other. Surface techniques being used include Auger (AES), UV and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (UPS and XPS), temperature programmed desorption (TPD), low energy electron diffraction (LEED), high resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS) and infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy (IRAS). Our research program builds upon our previous experience relating the results of single crystal kinetic measurements with the results obtained with supported analogs. As well we are exploiting our recent work on the preparation, the characterization, and the determination of the catalytic properties of ultra-thin metal and metal oxide films. The program is proceeding toward the study of the unique catalytic properties of ultrathin metal films; the investigation of the critical ensemble size requirements for principal catalytic reaction types; and the modelling of supported catalysts using ultra-thin planar oxide surfaces.

Goodman, D.W.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Correlations between surface structure and catalytic activity/selectivity. Progress report, January 1, 1994--December 31, 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary focus of this research is to address those issues which are keys to understanding the relationship between surface properties and catalytic activity/selectivity. These issues also impact the understanding of the origins of the enhanced catalytic properties of mixed-metal catalysts. The experimental approach utilizes a microcatalytic reactor contiguous to a surface analysis system, an arrangement which allows in vacuo transfer of the catalyst from one chamber to the other. Surface techniques being used include Auger (AES), ultraviolet and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (UPS and XPS), temperature programmed desorption (TPD), low energy electron diffraction (LEED), high resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS), infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRAS), and scanning tunneling and atomic force microscopy (STM and AFM). This research program builds upon previous experience relating the results of single crystal kinetic measurements with the results obtained with supported analogs. As well, the authors are exploiting recent work on the preparation, the characterization, and the determination of the catalytic properties of ultra-thin metal and metal oxide films. Specifically, the program is proceeding toward three goals: (1) the study of the unique catalytic properties of ultrathin metal films; (2) the investigation of the critical ensemble size requirements for principal catalytic reaction types; and (3) the modelling of supported catalysts using ultra-thin planar oxide surfaces.

Goodman, D.W.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Correlations between surface structure and catalytic activity/selectivity. Progress report, January 1, 1992--December 31, 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Objective is to address the keys to understanding the relation between surface structure and catalytic activity/selectivity. Of concern are questions related to enhanced catalytic properties of mixed-metal catalysts and critical active site requirements for molecular synthesis and rearrangement. The experimental approach utilizes a microcatalytic reactor contiguous to a surface analysis system, an arrangement which allows in vacuo transfer of the catalyst from one chamber to the other. Surface techniques being used include Auger (AES), UV and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (UPS and XPS), temperature programmed desorption (TPD), low energy electron diffraction (LEED), high resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS) and infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy (IRAS). Our research program builds upon our previous experience relating the results of single crystal kinetic measurements with the results obtained with supported analogs. As well we are exploiting our recent work on the preparation, the characterization, and the determination of the catalytic properties of ultra-thin metal and metal oxide films. The program is proceeding toward the study of the unique catalytic properties of ultrathin metal films; the investigation of the critical ensemble size requirements for principal catalytic reaction types; and the modelling of supported catalysts using ultra-thin planar oxide surfaces.

Goodman, D.W.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Effects of Methamphetamine Administration on Information Gathering during Probabilistic Reasoning in Healthy Humans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, they received an intravenous infusion over 10 minutes with a methamphetamine solution (0.3 mg/kg of body weight), approx- imately 3 hours before the probabilistic reasoning test, and a placebo tablet. In another visit, participants received the intravenous... methamphetamine as described above, and they were given an amisulpride tablet (400 mg) approximately 1 hour before the infusion. In the third visit, they received a saline infusion and a placebo tablet. The order of the visits was pseudorandomized for each...

Ermakova, Anna O.; Ramachandra, Pranathi; Corlett, Philip R.; Fletcher, Paul C.; Murray, Graham K.

2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

238

E-Print Network 3.0 - american latex allergy Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in metro Atlanta that provides services to the homeless. Summary: couch Ibuprofen, cough drops & medicine (alcohol-free), non-drowsy allergy tablets, lubriderm lotion... Epsom...

239

In the past year, the University of Minnesota has been transitioning toward a more highly coordi-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ClassMemory ITInfrastructureLibrary(ITIL) MobileApps&MediaTablets Next-Gen Analytics IT Optimization CloudComputing Social

Minnesota, University of

240

abuse screening tool: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(HPV Druzdzel, Marek J. 3 The Feasibility of Tablet Computer Screening for Opioid Abuse in the Emergency Department University of California eScholarship Repository...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

abuse screening tools: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(HPV Druzdzel, Marek J. 3 The Feasibility of Tablet Computer Screening for Opioid Abuse in the Emergency Department University of California eScholarship Repository...

242

Computer News, Volume 33  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MATH DEPT Computer News, Volume 33. How I teach big calculus lectures with a tablet PC. Click on RELOAD now. This page is frequently updated and you ...

243

E-Print Network 3.0 - amsco Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Buy Description: Furniture for Kabul University Reference Library Summary: )- (Manufacturer) AMSCO, (Model) Acton Tablet Arm, (Frame) 5ChromeE, (Color) 8 Pomegranate E,...

244

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid rain effects Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Mexican Mayan monuments. Ingenieria... eroding because of acid rain. Just as water dis- solves an Alka-Seltzer tablet, acid rain erodes... Autonomous University of...

245

E-Print Network 3.0 - asymmetric ultrafiltration membrane Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

membranes 4, composite membrane supports 4, bioreactors 5, and screen-printing media 6... , K.L. Smith, Asymmetric membrane tablet coating for osmotic drug- delivery,...

246

English language learners' reading self-efficacy and achievement using 1:1 mobile learning devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the singular user of the personal device, or it can be co-mobile learning devices are personal digital assistants (of mobile devices including tablet personal computers,

Walters, Jennifer L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

antimalarial drug development: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the solubility data supporting intended decision-making? 12;Tablet Tipple, Brett 30 Assessing the impact of tumor evolution on oncology drug development and commercialization MIT...

248

antidepressant drug development: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the solubility data supporting intended decision-making? 12;Tablet Tipple, Brett 39 Assessing the impact of tumor evolution on oncology drug development and commercialization MIT...

249

avoiding drug development: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the solubility data supporting intended decision-making? 12;Tablet Tipple, Brett 23 Assessing the impact of tumor evolution on oncology drug development and commercialization MIT...

250

An experimental comparison of wireless position locating algorithms based on received signal strength  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Location (inches) Library Node Locations- 16 nodes L o c a ti o n ( i n c h e s ) 18 laptops were installed with the WirelessMon? software and able to record... g n a l S t r e n g t h ( d B m ) Power Linear n = 2.3778 s = 5.356 Fig. 10. The RSS measurements for the 2-D environment from laptop 1 and laptop 2. Each TX-RX connection has 20 measurements to calculate an accurate path loss exponent, n...

Gutierrez, Felix

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

List of OTC Products (Items subject to change without notice)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

List of OTC Products (Items subject to change without notice) Allergy/Cough/Cold/Flu Symptoms * Requires Valid ID for purchase/18 yo Cough Drops Cherry 30ct Cold Eeze tablets 18ct Allergy Tablets 24ct Loratidine D* 10ct Comtrex Cold and Cough* Daytime* Softgels 12 & 20ct Nighttime* Softgels 12ct Banophen Tabs

Stuart, Steven J.

252

Challenges in Security and Privacy for Mobile Edge-Clouds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of mobile personal devices such as smartphones and tablets today, with their growing com- putational and privacy of users' mobile devices and their personal data on these devices presents a significant obstacle-3890 Abstract Mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets are ubiquitous today, and many of them possess

253

Nanoengineering Catalyst Supports via Layer-by Layer Surface Functionalization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent progress in the layer-by-layer surface modification of oxides for the preparation of highly active and stable gold nanocatalysts is briefly reviewed. Through a layer-by-layer surface modification approach, the surfaces of various catalyst supports including both porous and nonporous silica materials and TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles were modified with monolayers or multilayers of distinct metal oxide ultra-thin films. The surface-modified materials were used as supports for Au nanoparticles, resulting in highly active nanocatalysts for low-temperature CO oxidation. Good stability against sintering under high-temperature treatment was achieved for a number of the Au catalysts through surface modification of the support material. The surface modification of supports can be a viable route to control both the composition and structure of support and nanoparticle interfaces, thereby tailoring the stability and activity of the supported catalyst systems.

Yan, Wenfu [ORNL; Mahurin, Shannon Mark [ORNL; Overbury, Steven {Steve} H [ORNL; Dai, Sheng [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Novel Carbon Nanotube-Based Nanostructures for High-Temperature Gas Sensing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary objective of this research is to examine the feasibility of using vertically aligned multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as a high temperature sensor material for fossil energy systems where reducing atmospheres are present. In the initial period of research, we fabricated capacitive sensors for hydrogen sensing using vertically aligned MWCNTs. We found that CNT itself is not sensitive to hydrogen. Moreover, with the help of Pd electrodes, hydrogen sensors based on CNTs are very sensitive and fast responsive. However, the Pd-based sensors can not withstand high temperature (T<200 C). In the last year, we successfully fabricated a hydrogen sensor based on an ultra-thin nanoporous titanium oxide (TiO{sub 2}) film supported by an AAO substrate, which can operate at 500 C with hydrogen concentrations in a range from 50 to 500 ppm.

Zhi Chen; Kozo Saito

2008-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

255

Rapid, non-destructive evaluation of ultrathin WSe{sub 2} using spectroscopic ellipsometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The utilization of tungsten diselenide (WSe{sub 2}) in electronic and optoelectronic devices depends on the ability to understand and control the process-property relationship during synthesis. We demonstrate that spectroscopic ellipsometry is an excellent technique for accurate, non-destructive determination of ultra-thin (<30 nm) WSe{sub 2} properties. The refractive index (n) and extinction coefficient (k) were found to be independent of thickness down to 1.3 nm, and were used to determine film thickness, which was confirmed to be within 9% of values found via atomic force microscopy. Finally, the optical bandgap was found to closely correlate with thickness, ranging from 1.2 to 1.55 eV as the WSe{sub 2} is thinned to the equivalent of 2 atomic layers.

Eichfeld, Sarah M.; Lin, Yu-Chuan; Hossain, Lorraine [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Center for Two-Dimensional and Layered Materials, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Eichfeld, Chad M. [Materials Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Robinson, Joshua A., E-mail: jrobinson@psu.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Center for Two-Dimensional and Layered Materials, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Materials Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States)

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Method of forming biaxially textured alloy substrates and devices thereon  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Specific alloys, in particular Ni-based alloys, that can be biaxially textured, with a well-developed, single component texture are disclosed. These alloys have a significantly reduced Curie point, which is very desirable from the point of view of superconductivity applications. The biaxially textured alloy substrates also possess greatly enhanced mechanical properties (yield strength, ultimate tensile strength) which are essential for most applications, in particular, superconductors. A method is disclosed for producing complex multicomponent alloys which have the ideal physical properties for specific applications, such as lattice parameter, degree of magnetism and mechanical strength, and which cannot be fabricated in textured form. In addition, a method for making ultra thin biaxially textured substrates with complex compositions is disclosed.

Goyal, Amit (Knoxville, TN); Specht, Eliot D. (Knoxville, TN); Kroeger, Donald M. (Knoxville, TN); Paranthaman, Mariappan (Knoxville, TN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Method of forming biaxially textured alloy substrates and devices thereon  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Specific alloys, in particular Ni-based alloys, that can be biaxially textured, with a well-developed, single component texture are disclosed. These alloys have a significantly reduced Curie point, which is very desirable from the point of view of superconductivity applications. The biaxially textured alloy substrates also possess greatly enhanced mechanical properties (yield strength, ultimate tensile strength) which are essential for most applications, in particular, superconductors. A method is disclosed for producing complex multicomponent alloys which have the ideal physical properties for specific applications, such as lattice parameter, degree of magnetism and mechanical strength, and which cannot be in textured form. In addition, a method for making ultra thin biaxially textured substrates with complex compositions is disclosed.

Goyal, Amit (300 Walker Springs Rd., #19E, Knoxville, TN 37923); Specht, Eliot D. (10639 Rivermist La., Knoxville, TN 37922); Kroeger, Donald M. (716 Villa Crest Dr., Knoxville, TN 37923); Paranthaman, Mariappan (1117 Oak Haven Rd., Knoxville, TN 37923)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Supported molten-metal catalysts  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An entirely new class of catalysts called supported molten-metal catalysts, SMMC, which can replace some of the existing precious metal catalysts used in the production of fuels, commodity chemicals, and fine chemicals, as well as in combating pollution. SMMC are based on supporting ultra-thin films or micro-droplets of the relatively low-melting (<600.degree. C.), inexpensive, and abundant metals and semimetals from groups 1, 12, 13, 14, 15 and 16, of the periodic table, or their alloys and intermetallic compounds, on porous refractory supports, much like supported microcrystallites of the traditional solid metal catalysts. It thus provides orders of magnitude higher surface area than is obtainable in conventional reactors containing molten metals in pool form and also avoids corrosion. These have so far been the chief stumbling blocks in the application of molten metal catalysts.

Datta, Ravindra (Iowa City, IA); Singh, Ajeet (Iowa City, IA); Halasz, Istvan (Iowa City, IA); Serban, Manuela (Iowa City, IA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Tuning the dead-layer behavior of La{sub 0.67}Sr{sub 0.33}MnO{sub 3}/SrTiO{sub 3} via interfacial engineering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dead-layer behavior, deterioration of the bulk properties in near-interface layers, restricts the applications of many oxide heterostructures. We present the systematic study of the dead-layer in La{sub 0.67}Sr{sub 0.33}MnO{sub 3}/SrTiO{sub 3} grown by ozone-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. Dead-layer behavior is systematically tuned by varying the interfacial doping, while unchanged with varied doping at any other atomic layers. In situ photoemission and low energy electron diffraction measurements suggest intrinsic oxygen vacancies at the surface of ultra-thin La{sub 0.67}Sr{sub 0.33}MnO{sub 3}, which are more concentrated in thinner films. Our results show correlation between interfacial doping, oxygen vacancies, and the dead-layer, which can be explained by a simplified electrostatic model.

Peng, R.; Xu, H. C.; Xia, M.; Zhao, J. F.; Xie, X.; Xu, D. F.; Xie, B. P., E-mail: bpxie@fudan.edu.cn; Feng, D. L., E-mail: dlfeng@fudan.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Surface Physics, Department of Physics, and Advanced Materials Laboratory, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

260

Spectroscopic Studies of O-Vacancy Defects in Transition Metal Oxides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dielectrics comprised of nano-crystalline HfO{sub 2} in gate stacks with thin SiO{sub 2}/SiON interfacial transition regions display significant asymmetries with respect to trapping of Si substrate injected holes and electrons. Based on spectroscopic studies, and guided by ab initio theory, electron and hole traps in HfO{sub 2} and other transition metal elemental oxides are assigned to O-atom divacancies clustered at internal grain boundaries of nano-crystalline films. Engineering solutions in which grain boundary defects are suppressed include: (i) ultra-thin, <2 nm, HfO{sub 2} fims, (ii) chemically phase separated high HfO2 content silicate films, and (iii) non-crystalline Zr/Hf Si oxynitride films.

Lucovsky, G.; Luning, J.; Fleming, L.B.; Ulrich, M.D.; Rowe, J.E.; Seo, H.; Lee, S.; Lysaght, P.; Bersuker, G.

2009-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Modelling of silicon oxynitridation by nitrous oxide using the reaction rate approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large technological progress in oxynitridation processing leads to the introduction of silicon oxynitride as ultra-thin gate oxide. On the theoretical side, few studies have been dedicated to the process modelling of oxynitridation. Such an objective is a considerable challenge regarding the various atomistic mechanisms occurring during this fabrication step. In this article, some progress performed to adapt the reaction rate approach for the modelling of oxynitride growth by a nitrous ambient are reported. The Ellis and Buhrman's approach is used for the gas phase decomposition modelling. Taking into account the mass balance of the species at the interface between the oxynitride and silicon, a minimal kinetic model describing the oxide growth has been calibrated and implemented. The influence of nitrogen on the reaction rate has been introduced in an empirical way. The oxidation kinetics predicted with this minimal model compares well with several experiments.

Dominique Krzeminski, Christophe, E-mail: christophe.krzeminski@isen.fr [Départment ISEN, IEMN-UMR-8520, 41 Boulevard Vauban, 59046 Lille Cedex (France)

2013-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

262

A Ni-Fe Layered Double Hydroxide-Carbon Nanotube Complex for Water Oxidation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Highly active, durable and cost-effective electrocatalysts for water oxidation to evolve oxygen gas hold a key to a range of renewable energy solutions including water splitting and rechargeable metal-air batteries. Here, we report the synthesis of ultrathin nickel iron layered double hydroxide nanoplates on mildly oxidized multi-walled carbon nanotubes. Incorporation of Fe into the nickel hydroxide induced the formation of NiFe-layered double hydroxide. The nanoplates were covalently attached to a network of nanotubes, affording excellent electrical wiring to the nanoplates. The ultra-thin Ni-Fe layered double hydroxide nanoplates/carbon nanotube complex was found to exhibit unusually high electro-catalytic activity and stability for oxygen evolution and outperformed commercial precious metal Ir catalysts.

Gong, Ming; Wang, Hailiang; Liang, Yongye; Wu, Justin Zachary; Zhou, Jigang; Wang, Jian; Regier, Tom; Wei, Fei; Dai, Hongjie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Inverted GaInP/(In)GaAs/InGaAs Triple-Junction Solar Cells with Low-Stress Metamorphic Bottom Junctions: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate high efficiency performance in two ultra-thin, Ge-free III-V semiconductor triple-junction solar cell device designs grown in an inverted configuration. Low-stress metamorphic junctions were engineered to achieve excellent photovoltaic performance with less than 3 x 106 cm-2 threading dislocations. The first design with band gaps of 1.83/1.40/1.00 eV, containing a single metamorphic junction, achieved 33.8% and 39.2% efficiencies under the standard one-sun global spectrum and concentrated direct spectrum at 131 suns, respectively. The second design with band gaps of 1.83/1.34/0.89 eV, containing two metamorphic junctions achieved 33.2% and 40.1% efficiencies under the standard one-sun global spectrum and concentrated direct spectrum at 143 suns, respectively.

Geisz, J. F.; Kurtz, S. R.; Wanlass, M. W.; Ward, J. S.; Duda, A.; Friedman, D. J.; Olson, J. M.; McMahon, W. E.; Moriarty, T. E.; Kiehl, J. T.; Romero, M. J.; Norman, A. G.; Jones, K. M.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Magnetron sputtered boron films for increasing hardness of a metal surface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is described for the production of thin boron and titanium/boron films by magnetron sputter deposition. The amorphous boron films contain no morphological growth features, unlike those found when thin films are prepared by various physical vapor deposition processes. Magnetron sputter deposition method requires the use of a high density crystalline boron sputter target which is prepared by hot isostatic pressing. Thin boron films prepared by this method are useful for producing hardened surfaces, surfacing machine tools, etc. and for ultra-thin band pass filters as well as the low Z element in low Z/high Z optical components, such as mirrors which enhance reflectivity from grazing to normal incidence.

Makowiecki, Daniel M. (Livermore, CA); Jankowski, Alan F. (Livermore, CA)

2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

265

Development of an integrated energetic neutral particle measurement system on experimental advanced full superconducting tokamak  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Full function integrated, compact silicon photodiode based solid state neutral particle analyzers (ssNPA) have been developed for energetic particle (EP) relevant studies on the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST). The ssNPAs will be mostly operated in advanced current mode with a few channels to be operated in conventional pulse-counting mode, aiming to simultaneously achieve individually proved ultra-fast temporal, spatial, and spectral resolution capabilities. The design details together with considerations on EAST specific engineering realities and physics requirements are presented. The system, including a group of single detectors on two vertical ports and two 16-channel arrays on a horizontal port, can provide both active and passive charge exchange measurements. ssNPA detectors, with variable thickness of ultra thin tungsten dominated foils directly deposited on the front surface, are specially fabricated and utilized to achieve about 22 keV energy resolution for deuterium particle detection.

Zhu, Y. B., E-mail: YubaoZ@UCI.EDU; Liu, D.; Heidbrink, W. W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, California 92697-4575 (United States); Zhang, J. Z.; Qi, M. Z.; Xia, S. B.; Wan, B. N.; Li, J. G. [Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

266

Influence of the pattern shape on the photonic efficiency of front-side periodically patterned ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Patterning the front side of an ultra-thin crystalline silicon (c Si) solar cell helps keeping the energy conversion efficiency high by compensating for the light absorption losses. A super-Gaussian mathematical expression was used in order to encompass a large variety of nanopattern shapes and to study their influence on the photonic performance. We prove that the enhancement in the maximum achievable photo-current is due to both impedance matching condition at short wavelengths and to the wave nature of light at longer wavelengths. We show that the optimal mathematical shape and parameters of the pattern depend on the c Si thickness. An optimal shape comes with a broad optimal parameter zone where fabricating errors would have much less influence on the efficiency. We prove that cylinders are not the best suited shape. To compare our model with a real slab, we fabricated a nanopatterned c Si slab via Nano Imprint Lithography.

Herman, Aline; Depauw, Valerie; Daif, Ounsi El; Deparis, Olivier

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Barrier performance optimization of atomic layer deposited diffusion barriers for organic light emitting diodes using x-ray reflectivity investigations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The importance of O{sub 3} pulse duration for encapsulation of organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) with ultra thin inorganic atomic layer deposited Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} layers is demonstrated for deposition temperatures of 50 °C. X-ray reflectivity (XRR) measurements show that O{sub 3} pulse durations longer than 15?s produce dense and thin Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} layers. Correspondingly, black spot growth is not observed in OLEDs encapsulated with such layers during 91 days of aging under ambient conditions. This implies that XRR can be used as a tool for process optimization of OLED encapsulation layers leading to devices with long lifetimes.

Singh, Aarti, E-mail: aarti.singh@namlab.com; Schröder, Uwe [Nanoelectronics Materials Laboratory NaMLab gGmbH, Nöthnitzer Str. 64, 01187 Dresden (Germany)] [Nanoelectronics Materials Laboratory NaMLab gGmbH, Nöthnitzer Str. 64, 01187 Dresden (Germany); Klumbies, Hannes; Müller-Meskamp, Lars; Leo, Karl [Dresden Innovation Center Energy Efficiency, Institut für Angewandte Photophysik, Technische Universität Dresden, 01062 Dresden (Germany)] [Dresden Innovation Center Energy Efficiency, Institut für Angewandte Photophysik, Technische Universität Dresden, 01062 Dresden (Germany); Geidel, Marion; Knaut, Martin; Hoßbach, Christoph; Albert, Matthias [Institute of Semiconductor and Microsystems Technology, Technische Universität Dresden, 01187 Dresden (Germany)] [Institute of Semiconductor and Microsystems Technology, Technische Universität Dresden, 01187 Dresden (Germany); Mikolajick, Thomas [Nanoelectronics Materials Laboratory NaMLab gGmbH, Nöthnitzer Str. 64, 01187 Dresden (Germany) [Nanoelectronics Materials Laboratory NaMLab gGmbH, Nöthnitzer Str. 64, 01187 Dresden (Germany); Institute of Semiconductor and Microsystems Technology, Technische Universität Dresden, 01187 Dresden (Germany)

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

268

In situ x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy for electrochemical reactions in ordinary solvents  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In situ electrochemical X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) apparatus, which allows XPS at solid/liquid interfaces under potential control, was constructed utilizing a microcell with an ultra-thin Si membrane, which separates vacuum and a solution. Hard X-rays from a synchrotron source penetrate into the Si membrane surface exposed to the solution. Electrons emitted at the Si/solution interface can pass through the membrane and be analyzed by an analyzer placed in vacuum. Its operation was demonstrated for potential-induced Si oxide growth in water. Effect of potential and time on the thickness of Si and Si oxide layers was quantitatively determined at sub-nanometer resolution.

Masuda, Takuya [Global Research Center for Environment and Energy Based on Nanomaterials Science (GREEN), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan) [Global Research Center for Environment and Energy Based on Nanomaterials Science (GREEN), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan); PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 333-0012 (Japan); Yoshikawa, Hideki; Kobata, Masaaki; Kobayashi, Keisuke [Synchrotron X-ray Station at SPring-8, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan)] [Synchrotron X-ray Station at SPring-8, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Noguchi, Hidenori [Global Research Center for Environment and Energy Based on Nanomaterials Science (GREEN), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan) [Global Research Center for Environment and Energy Based on Nanomaterials Science (GREEN), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan); PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 333-0012 (Japan); Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810 (Japan); International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Kawasaki, Tadahiro [Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan); Uosaki, Kohei [Global Research Center for Environment and Energy Based on Nanomaterials Science (GREEN), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan) [Global Research Center for Environment and Energy Based on Nanomaterials Science (GREEN), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan); Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810 (Japan); International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan)

2013-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

269

La-doped BaTiO{sub 3} heterostructures: Compensating the polarization discontinuity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate a route to manipulate the polarization and internal electric field of a complex oxide heterostructure using a layering sequence based on the LaAlO{sub 3}-SrTiO{sub 3} interface. By combining sensitive atomic-level mapping of the structure using direct x-ray phase-retrieval methods with theoretical modeling of the electrostatic charge and polarization, we have devised a novel single-domain polar heterostructure. We find that ionic rearrangement results in strain and free energy minimization, and eliminates the polarization discontinuity leading to a two-fold increase of the spontaneous polarization towards the surface of an ultra-thin single-domain BaTiO{sub 3} film.

Kumah, D. P.; Clarke, R., E-mail: royc@umich.edu [Applied Physics Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Yacoby, Y. [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel); Pauli, S. A.; Willmott, P. R. [Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Compact vacuum insulation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ultra-thin compact vacuum insulation panel is comprised of two hard, but bendable metal wall sheets closely spaced apart from each other and welded around the edges to enclose a vacuum chamber. Glass or ceramic spacers hold the wall sheets apart. The spacers can be discrete spherical beads or monolithic sheets of glass or ceramic webs with nodules protruding therefrom to form essentially "point" or "line" contacts with the metal wall sheets. In the case of monolithic spacers that form "line" contacts, two such spacers with the line contacts running perpendicular to each other form effectively "point" contacts at the intersections. Corrugations accommodate bending and expansion, tubular insulated pipes and conduits, and preferred applications are also included.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Potter, Thomas F. (Denver, CO)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Compact vacuum insulation embodiments  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ultra-thin compact vacuum insulation panel is comprised of two hard, but bendable metal wall sheets closely spaced apart from each other and welded around the edges to enclose a vacuum chamber. Glass or ceramic spacers hold the wall sheets apart. The spacers can be discrete spherical beads or monolithic sheets of glass or ceramic webs with nodules protruding therefrom to form essentially "point" or "line" contacts with the metal wall sheets. In the case of monolithic spacers that form "line" contacts, two such spacers with the line contacts running perpendicular to each other form effectively "point" contacts at the intersections. Corrugations accommodate bending and expansion, tubular insulated pipes and conduits, and preferred applications are also included.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Potter, Thomas F. (Denver, CO)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Compact vacuum insulation embodiments  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ultra-thin compact vacuum insulation panel is comprised of two hard, but bendable metal wall sheets closely spaced apart from each other and welded around the edges to enclose a vacuum chamber. Glass or ceramic spacers hold the wall sheets apart. The spacers can be discrete spherical beads or monolithic sheets of glass or ceramic webs with nodules protruding therefrom to form essentially point' or line' contacts with the metal wall sheets. In the case of monolithic spacers that form line' contacts, two such spacers with the line contacts running perpendicular to each other form effectively point' contacts at the intersections. Corrugations accommodate bending and expansion, tubular insulated pipes and conduits, and preferred applications are also included. 26 figs.

Benson, D.K.; Potter, T.F.

1992-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

273

Design of fast kickers for the ISABELLE beam abort system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ISA beam abort (extraction) system must be highly efficient, in the sense of producing minimum beam loss, and reliable to prevent serious damage to accelerator components by the circulating high-energy beams. Since the stored beams will be debunched, the low-loss requirement can be met only with ultra-thin extraction septa and/or fast-acting kickers. This paper examines the design of the ISA extraction kickers subject to a set of extraction channel constraints and a given maximum working voltage. Expressions are derived for determining system parameters for both a lumped parameter magnet and a delay-line magnet. Using these relationships, design parameters are worked out for several possible system configurations. The paper also describes the construction of a full-scale prototype module of the kicker and summarizes the preliminary test results obtained with the module.

Nawrocky, R.J.; Montemurro, P.A.; Baron, J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

White organic light-emitting diodes: Status and perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are ultra-thin, large-area light sources made from organic semiconductor materials. Over the last decades, much research has been spent on finding the suitable materials to realize highly efficient monochrome and white OLEDs. With their high efficiency, color-tunability, and color-quality, white OLEDs are emerging to become one of the next generation light sources. In this review, we discuss the physics of a variety of device concepts that are introduced to realize white OLEDs based on both polymer and small molecule organic materi als. Owing to the fact that about 80 % of the internally generated photons are trapped within the thin-film layer structure, we put a second focus on reviewing promising concepts for improved light outcoupling.

Reineke, Sebastian; Lüssem, Björn; Leo, Karl

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Room-temperature spin-polarized organic light-emitting diodes with a single ferromagnetic electrode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we demonstrate the concept of a room-temperature spin-polarized organic light-emitting diode (Spin-OLED) structure based on (i) the deposition of an ultra-thin p-type organic buffer layer on the surface of the ferromagnetic electrode of the Spin-OLED and (ii) the use of oxygen plasma treatment to modify the surface of that electrode. Experimental results demonstrate that the brightness of the developed Spin-OLED can be increased by 110% and that a magneto-electroluminescence of 12% can be attained for a 150?mT in-plane magnetic field, at room temperature. This is attributed to enhanced hole and room-temperature spin-polarized injection from the ferromagnetic electrode, respectively.

Ding, Baofu, E-mail: b.ding@ecu.edu.au; Alameh, Kamal, E-mail: k.alameh@ecu.edu.au [Electron Science Research Institute, Edith Cowan University, 270 Joondalup Drive, Joondalup WA 6027 Australia (Australia); Song, Qunliang [Institute for Clean Energy and Advanced Materials, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715 (China)

2014-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

276

Reduced graphene oxide based silver sulfide hybrid films formed at a liquid/liquid interface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Free-standing, ultra-thin films of silver sulfide and reduced graphene oxide (RGO) based silver sulfide hybrids are prepared at a liquid/liquid interface employing in situ chemical reaction strategy. Ag{sub 2}S and RGO?Ag{sub 2}S hybrid films are characterized by various techniques such as UV-visible and photo luminescence spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The morphology of hybrid films consists of Ag{sub 2}S nanocrystals on RGO surface while Ag{sub 2}S films contains branched network of dendritic structures. RGO?Ag{sub 2}S exhibit interesting optical and electrical properties. The hybrid films absorb in the region 500–650 nm and show emission in the red region. A higher conductance is observed for the hybrid films arising from the RGO component. This simple low cost method can be extended to prepare other RGO based metal sulfides.

Bramhaiah, K., E-mail: jsneena@csmr.res.in; John, Neena S., E-mail: jsneena@csmr.res.in [Centre for Soft Matter Research, P.B. No.1329, Jalahalli, Bangalore-560013 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

277

Anomalous absorption of bulk shear sagittal acoustic waves in a layered structure with viscous fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is demonstrated theoretically that the absorptivity of bulk shear sagittal waves by an ultra-thin layer of viscous fluid between two different elastic media has a strong maximum (in some cases as good as 100%) at an optimal layer thickness. This thickness is usually much smaller than the penetration depths and lengths of transverse and longitudinal waves in the fluid. The angular dependencies of the absorptivity are demonstrated to have significant and unusual structure near critical angles of incidence. The effect of non-Newtonian properties and non-uniformities of the fluid layer on the absorptivity is also investigated. In particular, it is shown that the absorption in a thin layer of viscous fluid is much more sensitive to non-zero relaxation time(s) in the fluid layer than the absorption at an isolated solid-fluid interface.

Dmitri K. Gramotnev; Melissa L. Mather; Timo A. Nieminen

2005-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

278

Computer usage and national energy consumption: Results from a field-metering study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electricity consumption of miscellaneous electronic loads (MELs) in the home has grown in recent years, and is expected to continue rising. Consumer electronics, in particular, are characterized by swift technological innovation, with varying impacts on energy use. Desktop and laptop computers make up a significant share of MELs electricity consumption, but their national energy use is difficult to estimate, given uncertainties around shifting user behavior. This report analyzes usage data from 64 computers (45 desktop, 11 laptop, and 8 unknown) collected in 2012 as part of a larger field monitoring effort of 880 households in the San Francisco Bay Area, and compares our results to recent values from the literature. We find that desktop computers are used for an average of 7.3 hours per day (median = 4.2 h/d), while laptops are used for a mean 4.8 hours per day (median = 2.1 h/d). The results for laptops are likely underestimated since they can be charged in other, unmetered outlets. Average unit annual energy consumption (AEC) for desktops is estimated to be 194 kWh/yr (median = 125 kWh/yr), and for laptops 75 kWh/yr (median = 31 kWh/yr). We estimate national annual energy consumption for desktop computers to be 20 TWh. National annual energy use for laptops is estimated to be 11 TWh, markedly higher than previous estimates, likely reflective of laptops drawing more power in On mode in addition to greater market penetration. This result for laptops, however, carries relatively higher uncertainty compared to desktops. Different study methodologies and definitions, changing usage patterns, and uncertainty about how consumers use computers must be considered when interpreting our results with respect to existing analyses. Finally, as energy consumption in On mode is predominant, we outline several energy savings opportunities: improved power management (defaulting to low-power modes after periods of inactivity as well as power scaling), matching the rated power of power supplies to computing needs, and improving the efficiency of individual components.

Desroches, Louis-Benoit; Fuchs, Heidi; Greenblatt, Jeffery; Pratt, Stacy; Willem, Henry; Claybaugh, Erin; Beraki, Bereket; Nagaraju, Mythri; Price, Sarah; Young, Scott

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Subject Research Guides http://researchguides.library.yorku.ca/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? Laptops, iPads, e-Book Readers Digital Camera and Video Camera Organic Chemistry Molecular Model Sets Chemistry Geography Mathematics Physics Statistics What can you find here? Databases to find Journal Articles E-Books and Audio Visual Materials Government Reports and Web Sites Data and Statistics Online

280

WORLDHOTELS Deluxe Collection___________________________________________________ The Kimberly Hotel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's Cathedral, SAKS Fifth Avenue, Radio City Music Hall, Times Square, Broadway's legendary Theater District canopy, retractable ceiling, ambient heated floors and full bar In-room laptop safe, Wi-Fi and wired for PA (wireless microphone) 10 in-ceiling speakers Universal Remote Control Kimberly Hotel Yacht From

Qiu, Weigang

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281

Reuters Newsletters Oddly Enough  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Newsvine MORE TECHNOLOGY NEWS Sony plans no PS3 price cuts at Leipzig games fair T-Mobile to offer first Underground HipHop Network Goldmic Partners With Spike Lee Agency Mashable! Sony VGN-FW11S laptop computer

Rogers, John A.

282

Planning Your First Semester  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and Social Sciences Information Technology & Web Science Management Science ROTC HASS electives for all://se.rpi.edu/fye Mobile Computing Program (518) 276-3838 mobile-L@rpi.edu http://www.rpi.edu/laptops Registrar's Office credits and placement IB higher-level examinations ADDITIONAL INFORMATION 18 Mobile Computing Program

Linhardt, Robert J.

283

Installation & Commissioning same basic idea as CTB  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

requires Freon-only gas system HV spare TCPU and one LV supply laptop with pcan dongle simple water flow though too heavy for two people need rail holder on the scissor lift or rail holder on spreader bar be installed beforehand, and "short" LV bus Canbus Data cables Water in/out HV (2) and Gas in/out attached

Llope, William J.

284

National Park Service Exotic Plant Management Teams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

including air and water quality monitoring · Improve resource planning · Increase collaboration Supply Touch Screen Laptops (networked) Software & Imagery #12;#12;DASM Methods ·East-west transects on 1 On Foot Helicopter Airboat Boat Off Road Vehicle Pack Animals #12;Treatment Methods Heavy Equipment Hand

Watson, Craig A.

285

SUPERCOMPUTER EDUCATION AND RESEARCH CENTER LIST OF ITEMS FOR DISPOSAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Machine 35. Water Chiller Unit 36. Assorted Circuit Boards 37. Various type of Power Supply 38. Keyboards. Ungermann Bass ­ Network Items 20. Personal Computers (CPU only) #12;21. Laptop/Think Pads 22. Heavy Duty Line Printers 23. Heavy Duty Laser Printers 24. Heavy Duty Colour Laser Printers 25. HP Draft Masters

Govindarajan, Ramaswamy

286

Remotely Hosted Services and "Cloud Computing" June 2010 http://www.becta.org.uk page 1 of 23  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Packard's European Research Labs in Bristol, and at Deutsche Bank's London Foreign-Exchange Complex Risk Group. He in the laptop battery that will need to be replaced by you when you get home. That has to cost something. And my

Yao, Xin

287

Implicit User Re-Authentication for Mobile Sausan Yazji, Xi Chen, Robert P. Dick, Peter Scheuermann  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of servers and battery-powered portable devices. The proposed system is able to distinguish between normal% of a typical laptop battery in 24 hours. 1 Introduction Portable computing devices such as personal digital- formation, e.g., bank account, commercial transaction, and private emails. How- ever, they are frequently

Bustamante, Fabián E.

288

A Layered Approach to in situ Data Management on a Wireless Sensor Network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Laura Parrott 2 , Nathan Boyd3 and Ian W Marshall2 1 BT pp2c Rigel House, Adastral Park, Suffolk, UK. IP feedback and global genetic style material exchange ensure limited resources such as battery and bandwidth]. Mobile phones, laptops, pdas all have limited bandwidth and battery power but extensive functional

Marshall, Ian W.

289

Center for Turbulence Research Proceedings of the Summer Program 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and compare well with experi- mental data. Larger uncertainties are seen in the hub and tip regions, where machines, caused by the scattering of boundary-layer pressure fluctuations into acoustic waves at the trailing-edge of any lifting surface, is a problem in many applications such as in wind turbines, laptop

Wang, Wei

290

Subscribe & Get a Customer Service  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-mail address Go White Paper Library Webcast Library Most Popular Search Terms Laptops iPod Nano Backup Printers: What You Need to Know Search PC World Shop &DownloadsHow-ToReviewsNews Geek Tech Latest news on cutting World 8/30/2009http://www.pcworld.com/article/170583/flexible_displays_ready_to_wear.html #12;Enter e

Rogers, John A.

291

1Nanomaterials for Energy Group Prof. Byungwoo Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). Advantages of Quantum-Dot-Sensitized Solar Cells #12;6Nanomaterials for Energy Group Electrolyte://bp.snu.ac.kr Cutting-Edge Nanomaterials for Energy: Solar Cell · Nanophosphor · Li+ Battery #12;2Nanomaterials for Energy Group Vehicle Laptop Solar Panel Portable Devices White LED PDP Nanoscale Control: Nanomaterials

Cho, Jaephil

292

Personal Computing for Education Reform in Libya Ahmed Elmagarmid and Arjmand Samuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-driven crank, solar panels etc. OLPC also runs a thinned-down version of Linux operating system and is focused, portable and low cost computers for use in schools across the developing world. Two initiatives, namely One these projects aim to provide a low-cost laptop, in the range of $200-$300, to the world's children

Elmagarmid, Ahmed K.

293

Ceiling-mounted Projector with 5200 ANSI lumens Large motorized screen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Room 111 Ceiling-mounted Projector with 5200 ANSI lumens Large motorized screen Wireless-mounted Projector with 3500 ANSI lumens Pull-down screen Wireless microphones available Laptop running Windows 7 Mac users must bring VGA or HDMI adapter Auditorium Ceiling-mounted Projector with 7000 ANSI lumens Large

Hutcheon, James M.

294

Experimental Cooperative Control of Fixed-Wing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental Cooperative Control of Fixed-Wing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Selcuk Bayraktar, Georgios architecture (Cloud cap technologies) Hybrid Modeling (of the Piccolo autopilot) Experiments Autonomous Flight - 20min #12;UAVs @ Penn Servos controlling the payload LaptopPC Dell X200 3.5HP fuel engine Deployable

Fainekos, Georgios E.

295

GRADUATE STUDENT INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL NOTIFICATION | Page 1 of 3 GRADUATE STUDENT INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL NOTIFICATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

trip abroad that is related to your graduate study. If you are traveling for academic purposes to any subjects, transportation of OU resources (including university laptop computers), defense articles) Academic Dept.: Academic Advisor: Local Address: Permanent Address: PASSPORT INFORMATION: Name (as

Droegemeier, Kelvin K.

296

Xebra Electric Vehicle ZAP stands for Zero Air Pollution.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

®. With its new product offerings, the Company is positioned to become a leading brand and distribution portal the drag between road and tires. All data from these tests were logged by a laptop connected to the Battery Management System. The data logging makes it possible to view, second for second, several key figures

297

Decision Diagrams: Fast and Flexible Support for Case Retrieval and Recommendation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ginty and Mr. James Reilly for making their Laptops and Cameras data available to us. #12;Location Bathrooms, Derek Bridge, and Nic Wilson University College Cork, Cork, Ireland rn1@cs.ucc.ie, d.bridge@cs.ucc.ie, n is any system that automatically constructs an index structure into the case base (e.g. the k-d trees

Bridge, Derek

298

Cooperative Component-Based Software Deployment in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cooperative Component-Based Software Deployment in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Hervé Roussain-based software applications on mobile devices (such as laptops or personal digital assistants) capable of ad hoc also makes it possible for mobile devices to com- municate directly in ad hoc mode, that is, without

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

299

Plastic Bags to Batteries: A Green Chemistry Solution  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Plastic bags are the scourge of roadsides, parking lots and landfills. But chemistry comes to the rescue! At Argonne National Laboratory, Vilas Pol has found a way to not only recycle plastic bags--but make them into valuable batteries for cell phones and laptops.

None

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

300

Algorithms for Temperature-Aware Task Scheduling in Microprocessor Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to minimize the overall energy usage in this model becomes a challenging optimization problem. Models have, the introduction of #12;battery-operated laptop computers and sensor systems highlighted the related issue of controlling the energy consumption. Most of the initial work on these problems was hardware and sys- tems

Chrobak, Marek

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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Diss. ETH No. 19891 A Web of Things Application Architecture -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as smart TVs, alarm clocks, fridges or digital-picture frames make our living-rooms and houses more energy let them only reach a relatively small community of expert developers and hence their usage range of devices (e.g., desktops, laptops, mobile phones, set-top boxes, gaming devices, etc.), make

302

Dynamic Demand Control with Differentiated QoS in User-in-the-Loop Controlled Cellular Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for data rate due to smart mobile devices and laptop dongles with an estimated traffic growth of almost 100 and energy-efficiency. In this paper the temporal user-in-the-loop (UIL) control ap- proach is assumed. This user-centric model implements demand shaping by incentives in form of a dynamic usage-based tariff

Yanikomeroglu, Halim

303

IntellBatt: The Smart Suman Kalyan Mandal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

devices motivates the efficient and robust use of a limited energy supply. Managing batteryAware Task Scheduling (BATS) techniques have been used to ensure longer usage of a battery packs used in laptops and portable electronics are smart batteries. IntellBatt takes smart

Mohanty, Saraju P.

304

CompilerDirected Dynamic Voltage Scaling for MemoryBound Applications ChungHsing Hsu and Ulrich Kremer #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that effectively reduces the energy usage of memory­bound applications via dynamic voltage scaling (DVS measurements on a laptop with a 600 MHz ­ 1.2 GHz AMD Athlon 4 processor show that CPU energy savings which attempts to approximate the minimum energy usage by any DVS algorithm. Our compiler­directed DVS

Kremer, Ulrich

305

Evaluating the Long-term Impact of a Continuously Increasing Harmonic Load Demand on Feeder Level Voltage Distortion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, fluorescent tube lighting, pc's and laptops have become more prominent in the residential household. With an expectation of higher penetrations of electric vehicle chargers and renewable energy devices the increased usage of nonlinear devices by type. The disadvantage to this approach is that it relies upon

Simões, Marcelo Godoy

306

Dynamic Power Optimization of Interactive Systems Lin Zhong and Niraj K. Jha  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Related Work We first provide energy usage characteristics of an exam- ple interactive software-- Power has become a major concern for mo- bile computing systems such as laptops and handhelds, on which a significant fraction of software usage is interactive instead of computation-intensive. An analysis shows

Zhong, Lin

307

Electronic Materials Letters, Vol. 8, No. 2 (2012), pp. 91-105 DOI: 10.1007/s13391-012-2058-2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The main usages for Li-ion batteries include cellular phones, digital cameras, laptops, and any other of the most important and greatly appealing power sources in the twenty-first century for energy storage-ion batteries is necessary for the realization of a future-energy-storage system with high power density, long

Park, Byungwoo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Multiprocessor Speed Scaling for Jobs with Arbitrary Sizes and Deadlines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or laptops with multi-core processors. A popular technology to reduce energy usage is dynamic speed scaling.H. Wong 1 Introduction Energy consumption has become an important concern in the design of modern energy, yet it takes longer to finish the job. The study of speed scaling was initiated by Yao et al. [6

Wong, Prudence W.H.

309

Dynamic Power Management for non-stationary service requests Eui-Young Chung  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Introduction Design methodologies for energy-efficient system-level design are receiving increasingly larger phones, laptop computers, etc.) and of the concerns about the environmental impact of elec- tronic-line analysis of usage traces, hence they are not suitable to non-stationary request streams whose statistical

De Micheli, Giovanni

310

Identity-Based Multi-Signatures from RSA Mihir Bellare1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the increased adoption of small, energy-restricted devices such as laptops, cell phones, PDAs and sensors, battery life has become a crucial bottleneck in the usage of these devices -- and an important-capacity batteries, but at the same time the demand for energy-preserving technology is more pressing than ever. Much

Bellare, Mihir

311

Saving Energy on WiFi With Required IPsec Youngsang Shin, Steven Myers, and Minaxi Gupta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saving Energy on WiFi With Required IPsec Youngsang Shin, Steven Myers, and Minaxi Gupta School.indiana.edu,samyers@indiana.edu,minaxi@cs.indiana.edu Abstract. The move to a pervasive computing environment, with the increas- ing use of laptops, netbooks a transitory network connection due to mobility or energy-saving protocols. In this work we study the ability

Gupta, Minaxi

312

Allowing Errors in Speech over Wireless LANs Ian Chakeres, Hui Dong, Elizabeth Belding-Royer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in call quality. By forcing error-free reception of speech, scarce bandwidth and energy are unnecessarily- dard are experiencing widespread deployment. Currently most devices with WLAN connectivity are laptops. In congested networks, fewer retransmissions reduce the channel usage and result in increased packet delivery

Belding-Royer, Elizabeth M.

313

Cyber-Physical Energy Systems: Focus on Smart Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a deeply coupled system of energy usage, comfort and work derived. At a macroscale, buildings use approxi computers and laptops in offices and homes will exceed over 3x the energy use by all data centers combinedCyber-Physical Energy Systems: Focus on Smart Buildings Jan Kleissl Dept. of Mechanical

Gupta, Rajesh

314

GRACE-1: Cross-Layer Adaptation for Multimedia Quality and Battery Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GRACE-1: Cross-Layer Adaptation for Multimedia Quality and Battery Energy Wanghong Yuan, Member need to support multimedia quality with limited battery energy. To address this challenging problem laptop with the adaptive Athlon CPU, Linux-based OS, and video codecs. Our experimental results show that

Nahrstedt, Klara

315

Nice, Cte d'Azur, France, 27-29 September 2006 TIMA Editions/THERMINIC 2006 -page-ISBN: 2-916187-04-9  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such as a laptop, now includes the technical performances of the computer but also the comfort it is maintaining issue especially with the increasing usage, and power, of portable electronics. CFD analyses can help 231 2 (5) Where Gk represents the generation of turbulence kinetic energy due to the mean velocity

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

316

Viewpoints: A High-Performance High-Dimensional Exploratory Data Analysis Tool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of modern graphics boards (GPUs) to run on a single workstation or laptop. View- points is minimalist, we describe the Viewpoints package and show examples of its usage. 1. INTRODUCTION Analysis, photometric magnitude in five bands, energy/width of up to 50 spectral lines, galaxy angular size, bulge

317

0018-9162/07/$25.00 2007 IEEE December 2007 33Published by the IEEE Computer Society C O V E R F E A T U R E  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performance means increased energy usage. As a result, energy efficiency must improve as fast as computing performance to avoid a significant growth in computers' energy footprint. SERVERSVERSUS LAPTOPS Many-life use.Achieving energy proportionality will require significant improvements in the energy usage profile

Tomkins, Andrew

318

Evaluating Resistance to Jamming and Casual Interception in Mobile Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,deirossi,marin,srossi}@dais.unive.it ABSTRACT Mobile ad-hoc and sensor networks play an important role in several application fields. The usage-ended Distributed Systems". infrastructures. In practice, nodes that form a MANET may be laptops, smart, latency and overall energy consump- tion. This latter aspect is particularly relevant since mobile devices

Rossi, Sabina

319

SUPPORTING ON DEMAND, POLICY BASED MONTE CARLO PRODUCTION, LEVERAGING CLARENS, AND RUNJOB  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in this paper re-use several of these Clarens components in providing access control and usage quotas. Initially these applications on their laptop/desktop, as the maintenance burden is too distracting from their scientific, quotas and policy enforcement that can be used to throttle resource usage if necessary. The model

Low, Steven H.

320

Why Do We Care? Achieving good performance on today's platforms is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Standardize on ones most useful for predicting application performance and energy usage Most useful counters for profiling performance and energy usage at runtime Apply machine learning algorithms to find trends Scaling diversity of platforms: cell phones, laptops, etc. Complex interactions between threads Unknown mix

California at Berkeley, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Computational Reality XI Using complex geometries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a box! 1 Import and convert Day starts with a digital clock alarm and goes on with usage of mp3 player, mobile phone and laptop. They are all built of similiar devices like transistors, resistors signals between chip and other elements. This produces heat energy due to electrical resistance. The board

Berlin,Technische Universität

322

Every Joule is Precious Carla Schlatter Ellis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Goals /Metrics · Battery lifetime (hours) · Energy usage (by fixed task set) (Joules) · Energy * Delay lifetime Battery-powered Laptop Non-energy-aware general purpose applications Go Project #12;Indiana, February 2005© 2005, Carla Schlatter Ellis Energy for computing is an important

Ellis, Carla

323

Calendar aging of a Graphite/LiFePO4 cell M. Kassem,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

de Picardie Jules Verne, 80039 Amiens, France b IFP Energies nouvelles, Direction Chimie et Physico in the market. They have attracted a great deal of interest due to their high energy and power densities. They are widely used in portable electronics (e.g., cellular phones, digital cameras, and laptop computers

Boyer, Edmond

324

Wireless Networks 6 (2000) 263277 263 Application-driven power management for mobile communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumed by the communication. For a high-end laptop, this can translate to 6­9% savings in the energy to be properly managed to conserve energy. In this paper, we present the design and implementation of an innovative transport level protocol capable of significantly reducing the power usage of the communication

Han, Richard Y.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Session Lengths and IP Address Usage of Smartphones in a University Campus WiFi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to laptops and desktop PCs, network usage characteristics of smartphones may differ significantly becauseSession Lengths and IP Address Usage of Smartphones in a University Campus WiFi Network be used more opportunistically. In this paper, we study two important network usage characteristics

Wang, Bing

326

e Case for Device Power States Marcelo Martins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.g., [ , , ]) energy usage, on platforms ranging from sensor networks, to mobile phones, laptops, and servers. Ideally, it is essential that these devices make e cient use of energy resources. Understanding this usage enables, if any, energy-measurement capabilities. In these cases, we must resort to estimating energy usage using

Fonseca, Rodrigo

327

Studying the energy efficiency of large-scale computer systems requires models of the relationship  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract Studying the energy efficiency of large-scale computer systems requires models-node clusters using embedded, laptop, desktop, and server processors. These results demonstrate the need usage and power consumption. Therefore, a substantial body of literature models system-level power

Rivoire, Suzanne

328

Characterizing Flash Memory: Anomalies, Observations, and Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), and reliability of flash memory. In addition, we must understand how different usage patterns affect char- acteristics and show how we can use them to improve responsive- ness and energy consumption begun to make the transi- tion from embedded devices to laptops, desktops, and data cen- ters

Wang, Deli

329

Extending the Lifetime of Media Recorders Constrained by Battery and Flash Memory Size  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

balancing the energy consumption and the flash memory usage. The proposed method can be effectively employed recorders that signifi- cantly enhances their lifetime while minimizing the flash memory usage.3 [Microcomputers]: Portable devices (e.g., laptops, personal digital assistants) General Terms Design, Performance

Kambhampati, Subbarao

330

Analysis of Thermal Monitor features of the Intel Pentium -M Processor Analysis of Thermal Monitor features of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, evaluates its efficiency in terms of performance and energy consumption and compares thermal control schemes performance in order to reduce power and energy consumption of the CPU. By doing so, the mobile platform can laptops. Much emphasis was given, in the design of the Intel Pentium M processor, to advanced power

Skadron, Kevin

331

ENABLING ENERGY DEMAND RESPONSE WITH VEHICULAR MESH NETWORKS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENABLING ENERGY DEMAND RESPONSE WITH VEHICULAR MESH NETWORKS Howard CheHao Chang1, Haining Du2 compared to their counterparts such as laptops in nomad computing or sensor networks. First, vehicles response (DR) [1] for automatic utility usage retrievals and price dispatching. DR is a project in- itiated

Chuah, Chen-Nee

332

Dynamic Power Optimization Targeting User Delays in Interactive Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

}@princeton.edu Abstract-- Power has become a major concern for mobile computing systems such as laptops and handhelds, on which a significant fraction of software usage is interactive instead of compute-intensive. For interactive systems, an analysis shows that over 90% of system energy and time is spent waiting for user input

Zhong, Lin

333

A SHAPSHOT OF 2010: ENGAGEMENT METRICS,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Froehlich Technology that uses advanced pattern recognition techniques to monitor device-specific energy usage. Tadayoshi Kohno, Arvind Krishnamurthy, Gabriel Maganis, Thomas Ristenpart Open Source system for tracking the location of a lost or stolen laptop that does not rely on a proprietary, central service

Hochberg, Michael

334

Are Cognitive Radios Energy Efficient? A Study of the Wireless LAN Scenario  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and could result in a rapid depletion of the lifetime of energy constrained devices like PDAs, Laptops on energy consumption and determine if its usage can prove energy-efficient in portable devices. We makeAre Cognitive Radios Energy Efficient? A Study of the Wireless LAN Scenario Vinod Namboodiri

Namboodiri, Vinod

335

Energy Proportionality of an Enterprise Network Priya Mahadevan, Sujata Banerjee, and Puneet Sharma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficient. However, compared to other IT devices such as servers and laptops, energy ef- ficiencyEnergy Proportionality of an Enterprise Network Priya Mahadevan, Sujata Banerjee, and Puneet Sharma.banerjee@hp.com,puneet.sharma@hp.com ABSTRACT Energy efficiency is becoming increasingly important in the operation of networking infrastructure

Badrinath, B. R.

336

Exhausting Battery Statistics Understanding the energy demands on mobile handsets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy models and resources managers designed for laptops [20] and data cen- ters [4] inapplicableExhausting Battery Statistics Understanding the energy demands on mobile handsets Narseo Vallina.surname@telekom.de ABSTRACT Despite the advances in battery technologies, mobile phones still suffer from severe energy

Cambridge, University of

337

Power Management Techniques for Mobile Communication Robin I{mvets P. I{rishnan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

translate to a 6-9% savings in the energy consumed by an entire high end laptop or a savings of up to 40 to be prop erly managed to conserve energy. In this paper, we prment the design and implementation of an innovative trartspori level protocol capable of significantly reduc- ing the power usage of the communication

Han, Richard Y.

338

Algorithmic Problems in Power Management Sandy Irani  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

usage poses two types of difficulties: . Energy Consumption: As energy is power integrated over time a laptop on a long flight is familiar with this problem. . Temperature: The energy used in computing, supplying the required energy may become prohibitively expensive, or even technologically infeasible

Pruhs, Kirk

339

Multiprocessor Speed Scaling for Jobs with Arbitrary Sizes and Deadlines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for server farms or laptops with multi-core processors. A popular technology to reduce energy usage study energy efficient deadline scheduling on multiprocessors in which the processors consumes power the minimum energy. The problem has been well studied for the single processor case. For the multiprocessor

Wong, Prudence W.H.

340

QoS Support in Multimedia Wireless Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Second, new wireless devices such as cellular phones, PDAs, laptops are emerging to assist people population. Fourth, new hardware opportunities are appearing such as multi-frequency energyS-aware and energy-efficient solutions. · The topic of resource management in wireless networks is also very broad

Xue, Yuan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A Comparison of High-Level Full-System Power Models Suzanne Rivoire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

proposed in the context of enabling specific energy-efficiency optimizations on specific machines compare these models over a wide variation of workloads and machines, from a laptop to a server, two classes of systems that are increasingly prevalent. 1 Introduction In order to maximize energy

Rivoire, Suzanne

342

Refined Overlay Power Management in the Home Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

power consumption makes up a large part of global energy consumption. These home appliances are not only efficient power management. Index Terms--Home network, Energy saving, Green network- ing, Overlay control different types of devices, such as a Set-Top Box (STB), Home GateWay (HGW), workstation, laptop, power line

Boyer, Edmond

343

Remote control on Internet, long distance experiment of remote practice works, measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of growing usage of these both technologies and of their industrial applications. Since 1970s any point of the world using usual tools like a laptop and a telephone line. The Fig 1 represents system which acts on the right. It appears that the complete system needs energy everywhere

Boyer, Edmond

344

The Need for Temperature-Aware Storage Systems Sudhanva Gurumurthi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

laptops and desktops. In addition, they are used in large numbers in high-end server systems. Stor- age, and portable music devices. This widespread usage of disks has been the result of tremendous growth in both that managing tem- perature in disks cannot necessarily be tackled merely via energy saving techniques. Keywords

Gurumurthi, Sudhanva

345

Development of a Dynamically Extendable SpiNNaker Chip Computing Module  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parallelism carried out in the brain. A possible approach is the usage of neuromorphic systems of parallelism with fru- gal amounts of energy as opposed to traditional electronics designs, which were mostly. Additionally the SpiNNaker systems currently require a workstation, usually a desktop or a laptop, connected 2

Kuehnlenz, Kolja

346

A Scheduling Model for Reduced CPU Energy Frances Yao Alan Demers Scott Shenker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

abstract) Abstract The energy usage of computer systems is becom- ing an important consideration speed, under the assumption that energy usage per unit time, P , is a convex function of the processor. For portable computers running on batteries, energy conservation is critically impor- tant. In a typical laptop

Marchal, Loris

347

Benefit-based Data Caching in Ad Hoc Networks Bin Tang, Himanshu Gupta, Samir Das  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

network by reducing the access latency and bandwidth usage. However, designing effi- cient distributed. The computing devices could be conventional computers (e.g., PDA, laptop, or PC) or backbone routing platforms in bandwidth as well as battery energy. The problem of cache placement is particularly challenging when each

Gupta, Himanshu

348

Work In Progress: Conquest--Combining Battery-Backed RAM and Threshold-Based Storage Scheme to Conserve Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

accesses, which account for 8% of the power usage for laptops, 20% for web servers, and up to 70% for disk, Computer Science Department, UCLA, popek@cs.ucla.edu Energy conservation has become a pressing re- search performance and more features. Due to rising energy costs, the server market is also becoming sensitive

Wang, Andy

349

AES and ECC Cryptography Processor with Runtime Configuration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a variety of devices: from smart cards, wireless sensors, cell phones, and laptops, that usually need to different needs; · low power, enhancing the battery savings, reducing the costs in energy and heat sinks area and throughput metrics. Thus, its usage is mandatory for some applications. Currently, one

Sousa, Leonel

350

GRACE: Cross-Layer Adaptation for Multimedia Quality and Battery Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduces the laptop's energy consumption by 1.4% to 31.4% while providing better or same video quality1 GRACE: Cross-Layer Adaptation for Multimedia Quality and Battery Energy Wanghong Yuan, Klara multimedia data need to support multimedia quality with limited battery energy. To address this challenging

Nahrstedt, Klara

351

Some Implications of Low Power Wireless to IP Networking Kannan Srinivasan, Prabal Dutta, Arsalan Tavakoli, and Philip Levis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

down, networks have expanded to in- clude large numbers of wireless desktops, laptops, palmtops conserve energy. Wireless sensor networks (sensornets) are one heavily studied subclass of PANs [8 for many different networks and usage patterns, working well, or at least well enough, in many domains

Levis, Philip

352

Algorithmic Problems in Power Management Sandy Irani  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

usage poses two types of difficulties: · Energy Consumption: As energy is power integrated over time a laptop on a long flight is familiar with this problem. · Temperature: The energy used in computing, supplying the required energy may become prohibitively expensive, or even technologically infeasible

Pruhs, Kirk

353

Faculty of Medicine Office 01/05/2014 31 32 33 34  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for meetings or for using Laptops on WIFI network ToInternationalOffice &ResearchStrategy Photocopier. Danielle Phillips ­ Senior HR Administrator 22. VACANT ­ HR new position 23. Hot Desk­ HR 24. Siobhain Griffin - HR Manager 25. Daljeet Birdy ­ HR Adviser 26. Jeremy Kimberley ­ Senior HR Administrator 27

354

ESSES 2003 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Power-Aware Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Power-Aware Memory Management 2ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla management · OS page allocation policies · Experimental results · Future work, open questions #12;2 3ESSES Allocation [ASPLOS00] ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Memory System Power Consumption · Laptop

Ellis, Carla

355

OSU Contact Info Stores Service Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and guestroom renovations in 2008 24 hour in-room dining Complimentary Business Center Complimentary WIFI in all public areas of the hotel Westin Workout Center and Westin Workout guestrooms Heavenly Beds in all guestrooms Laptop safes and refreshment centers in all guestrooms Starwood Preferred Guest

Jones, Michelle

356

Batteries, mobile phones & small electrical devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, mobile phones and data collection equipment. Lithium Ion batteries are used in mobile phones, laptopsBatteries, mobile phones & small electrical devices IN-BUILDING RECYCLING STATIONS. A full list of acceptable items: Sealed batteries ­excludes vented NiCad and Lead acid batteries Cameras Laser printer

357

Travel and Expense Update www.bc.edu/travel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

international flights into the US. TSA Officers may ask travelers to power up devices such as laptops and phones will be charged). JetBlue ­ Changes at Logan Airport Please note, flights from BOS-DCA will no longer operate out one of our approved travel agencies. · Flat fare of $99 (taxes not included) each way from Boston

Huang, Jianyu

358

ROOMS & AUDIO/VISUAL DESCRIPTIONS Columbia Community Partnership for Health (CCPH) has several rooms of varying size and purpose to accommodate a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sufficient time for registering a computer with CUMC, as this process can take several days. Contact us room can be utilized to hold focus groups, presentations, lectures, meetings, workshops, trainings your own laptop to access the internet, it should be registered with the CUMC network. Please schedule

Grishok, Alla

359

P L E A S E D I R E C T Q U E S T I O N S T O : Jimmy Ellis (970) 491-5200 175 Rockwell Hall jimmy.ellis@colostate.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P L E A S E D I R E C T Q U E S T I O N S T O : Jimmy Ellis · (970) 491-5200 · 175 Rockwell Hall account · E-Lab - Virtual Lab M-Lab ­ Laptop check out program · Rockwell Hall Computer Lab Updated

360

THE NEWSLETTER OF THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY CROSS SECTIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of novice astronomy students have just been given control of nine brand new $3000 Meade LX 200R telescopes. Pfounts controls the camera using a laptop, which is displaying a fuzzy image of stars that she hopes are near the galaxy. Every second the camera sends an updated image to the screen so Petschulat can focus

Tennessee, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

latitude 2100 What if you could get fast internet access to check emails on the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the same· image commonality as the rest of your corporate notebooks? discover smart Functionality Smart, with Linux® or Microsoft® options. You can also make your laptop an extension of your business brand of the Latitude family, giving you the power to take advantage of our Latitude commitment to manageability, image

Fiebig, Peter

362

Sensors Provide Feedback to Real World Applications Jared Gordon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

traffic control system. III. Materials Employed 1. Gateway Laptop 2. USB connector 3. Arduino Development. Arduino Code Used to Implement the System /* Analog Read to LED * ------------------ * * turns on and off to analog pin 2. * * Created 1 December 2005 * copyleft 2005 DojoDave * http://arduino

Kachroo, Pushkin

363

Computer Requirement ALL STUDENTS IN THE SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE ARE REQUIRED TO PROVIDE THEIR OWN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Requirement ALL STUDENTS IN THE SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE ARE REQUIRED TO PROVIDE THEIR OWN PERSONAL LAPTOP COMPUTER. · All ENTERING GRADUATE STUDENTS in the School of Architecture are required to bring a computer. · All SECOND-YEAR UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS accepted into the School of Architecture

Maxwell, Bruce D.

364

Powering a Cat Warmer Using Thin-Film Thermoelectric Conversion of Microprocessor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

towards one end, creating a difference in potential. The efficiency of thermo- electric generators (TEG efficiencies when converting heat to electricity using the thermoelectric ef- fect. Applied to microprocessors produced by laptops [14], [17], climate-change inducing electricity consumption [11], and unhappy house

Yang, Junfeng

365

DOE Fuel Cell Pre-Solicitation Workshop, January 23-24, 2008 DOE Workshop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

77 Power Range: 50 ­ 250 W Markets · Military battery charging · First responders · Remote, portable · On body military power · Laptops: directly power and recharge · Remote stationary power · Emergency and backup power Barriers · Heat rejection · Size R&D Needs · Small components and better integration

366

The study spaces arranged around the green heart of The King's Buildings provide: Mix of study facilities: you will find a range of different types of facilities in each  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Designed by The Multimedia Team, Information Services, The University of Edinburgh www.ed.ac.uk/is/graphic-design include wall-mounted workstations with PCs, laptop connectivity, monitors, white-boards, electronic ­ 4.50pm Sunday Noon ­ 4.50pm KB Café The KB Café provides hot and cold drinks, hot soup, salads

Edinburgh, University of

367

WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS AND MOBILE COMPUTING Wirel. Commun. Mob. Comput. 2011; 00:113  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of available resources: energy, buffer space, and bandwidth. Routing algorithms need to make the most efficient- Tehrani which appeared in the Proceedings of the 3rd IFIP Wireless Days Confence (WD'10), Venice, Italy, laptops, fixed throwboxes and sensors, which obviously have different energy requirements and different

368

Performance Modeling of Routing Dependability in Home Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

detectors), energy management system (home appliances, heat, ventilation and air conditioning), the outdoor as promising technologies to revolutionize our lives. Specifically wireless sensors are considered fundamental devices (laptops, TVs, home theater, cameras, printers ...) as well as the body area network [2

Boutaba, Raouf

369

Q7: We greatly appreciate any comments or suggestions about the University's commitment to supporting information technology for teaching  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to supporting information technology for teaching: Q7: Color graphics are essential to students' understanding/managing course web pages and other technologies that facilitate student learning. For example, I have often that I always took my own laptop to the lecture hall (spring 01). The installed computer was just useless

California at Santa Barbara, University of

370

Trends in Computing and Software Dr. Lyle N. Long  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

famous people. The really funny ones fail to recognize the exponential growth of technology. #12;Thomas is to invent it." Alan Kay (OOP, Laptop, Smalltalk) #12;"Computers are useless, they can only give you answers (8 %) 56 in Information Technology (8 %) 45 in Electrical Engineering (6 %) 21 in Aerospace

371

Observations and New Astronomical Facilities in Lijiang Observatory , X.L. Zhang12  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar system objects (SSO) and Gaia itself (Thuillot 2011)[1]. Lijiang Observatory has joined the GAIA) as the main instrument. Other insturments like the Lijiang Exoplanet Tracker (LiJET, see Figure 1), PI the observatory and sit behind his own laptop. 87 #12;Fig. 1: Layout of Lijiang Exoplanet Tracker (Erskine & Ge

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

372

3D World Building System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This video provides an overview of the Sandia National Laboratories developed 3-D World Model Building capability that provides users with an immersive, texture rich 3-D model of their environment in minutes using a laptop and color and depth camera.

None

2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

373

3D World Building System  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

This video provides an overview of the Sandia National Laboratories developed 3-D World Model Building capability that provides users with an immersive, texture rich 3-D model of their environment in minutes using a laptop and color and depth camera.

None

2014-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

374

MAPS Board of Directors Meeting Minutes (June 20, 2009) Page 1 of 3 McMaster Association of Part-Time Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAPS Board of Directors Meeting ­ Minutes (June 20, 2009) Page 1 of 3 McMaster Association of Part) at $9,000. #12;MAPS Board of Directors Meeting ­ Minutes (June 20, 2009) Page 2 of 3 Waterkamp suggested that increases in the Software & Computer Supplies line could also go towards MAPS purchasing a new laptop

Hitchcock, Adam P.

375

History 383: Warfare in the Twentieth Century Spring 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 History 383: Warfare in the Twentieth Century Spring 2014 Carr Room 114 Wednesdays and Fridays on guerrilla and irregular warfare, due on Wednesday, April 2 before class; OR a paper on intelligence and war: No Electronics in Class: Please do not use laptops, cell phones, or other electronic devices during class. If you

McShea, Daniel W.

376

Multimodal feedback for the acquisition of small targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-haptic `sticky' feedback. The tactile conditions used stimulation through vibration (rather than force- feedback the need for caution, revealing that excessive feedback can damage interaction though `noise such as vibration on a train or plane, when bright light reduces screen clarity or when using a laptop trackpoint

Williamson, John

377

The University of Kentucky Libraries offer students many academic services at more than a dozen library locations across campus. Students may  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The University of Kentucky Libraries offer students many academic services at more than a dozen space with whiteboards and mobile furniture · Read a newspaper from anywhere in Kentucky · Edit a video on a Mac · Take a food and drink break · Check out a laptop for use in the library University of Kentucky

MacAdam, Keith

378

The University of Kentucky Libraries offer students many academic services at more than a dozen library locations across campus. Students may  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The University of Kentucky Libraries offer students many academic services at more than a dozen furniture · Read a newspaper from anywhere in Kentucky · Edit a video on a Mac · Take a food and drink break · Check out a laptop for use in the library University of Kentucky 2011-2012 Undergraduate Bulletin 42

MacAdam, Keith

379

The University of Kentucky Libraries offer students many academic services at more than a dozen library locations across campus. Students may  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The University of Kentucky Libraries offer students many academic services at more than a dozen furniture · Read a newspaper from anywhere in Kentucky · Edit a video on a Mac · Take a food and drink break · Check out a laptop for use in the library University of Kentucky 2010-2011 Undergraduate Bulletin 42

MacAdam, Keith

380

CUNY EXPORT CONTROL PROCEDURES 9. Information Technology (IT)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CUNY EXPORT CONTROL PROCEDURES 9. Information Technology (IT) This Section addresses the process travel with clean laptops. All IT Security Policies & Procedures are applicable when complying with CUNY in accordance with these Policies and Procedures. Technology related access restrictions and controls

Rosen, Jay

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Page 1 of 2 Radiogram No. 1749u Form 24 for 03/09/2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2 Fan Cleaning Inspection of Air Conditioner Inspection and Cleaning of Auxiliary Computer System-band) 08:20-10:00 FE-6 Node 3 CDRA Component Replacement 08:25-11:10 CDR Node 3 CDRA Component Replacement () Laptops Cleaning Potok-150 Air Purification System Pre-filter #12;Page 2 of 2 14:30-14:45 FE-6 AMS

382

29.01.03.M1.16 Information Resources-Portable Devices: Information Security Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

information resources. This includes, but is not limited to: laptops, Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs29.01.03.M1.16 Information Resources- Portable Devices: Information Security Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.16 Information Resources ­ Portable Devices: Information Security Approved

383

InsideIllinoisMarch 17, 2011 Vol. 30, No. 17  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and plugging things in every night can relate to wanting a cell phone or laptop whose batteries can last://go.illinois.edu/popcensus statue. The cost and extent of the needed work is still unknown. "All of that dripping and run- ning the nuclear fuel inside the reactor pressure vessel be- comes so hot that it melts. This situation would occur

Bashir, Rashid

384

August 2004 79 C O M M U N I C A T I O N S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the Internet--accounted for about 2 percent of US electricity consump- tion (http million metric tons of carbon dioxide per year. During the next two decades, energy consumption to increase battery lifetime in laptop PCs, which historically were not network-connected when using battery

Knowles, David William

385

Groundwater Modeling (Geological Sciences 16:460:528:01) Purpose: Learn to build a groundwater flow and transport model using Visual MODFLOW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Groundwater Modeling, by Nevin Kresic Applied Groundwater Model, by Mary P. Anderson and William W. Woessner://envsci.rutgers.edu/~yreinfelder/GEOL_528/Anderson-Chapters.pdf Material: PC laptop (or Mac running Windows) If using lab computer, a flash Ingredients of Final Report Anderson Chapters 7.7, 7.8, 17, ASTMGuide Catch up on Project Catch

386

Math 550, Vector Analysis, Course Syllabus Spring 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: 70-75, D+ : 66 - 69, D : 60 - 65, F :Material to be covered: Chapter: 1(review), 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, possibly 7 Math 241 is the prerequisite for this course. The review of this material in chapter 1, Divergence or Gauss' Theorem. Calculators, Laptops, (smart) phones: These are not permitted on quizzes, tests

Schep, Anton R.

387

Genetics Ph.D. Program Fall 2014 Courses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

populations over generations. The course reviews the following material: mechanisms of evolution (including. Grades are based on exams over lecture material and workshop exercises. The text is used as backup>clicker2 remote OR i>clicker GO, which enables you to vote via a web-enabled device like a laptop or smart

388

Groundwater Reactive Transport Models, 2012, 141-159 141 Fan Zhang, Gour-Tsyh (George) Yeh, Jack C. Parker and Xiaonan Shi (Eds)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Groundwater Reactive Transport Models, 2012, 141-159 141 Fan Zhang, Gour-Tsyh (George) Yeh, Jack C: Reactive Flow & Transport Code for Use on Laptops to Leadership-Class Supercomputers G. E. Hammond1 , P. C, a next-generation reactive flow and transport code for modeling subsurface processes, has been designed

Mills, Richard

389

Personal Devices in the Workplace NC Digital Government Summit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Personal Devices in the Workplace NC Digital Government Summit August 31, 2011 Marc Hoit, PhD Vice planning being undertaken to determine path forward. #12;Personal IT Devices on a University Campus Marc Students Owned Laptops Than Other Devices in 2010 http://chronicle.com/section/Almanac/536 95% of students

390

QoS for Personal Networks at Home page 1 of 10 Project Plan, Public Version, September 16, 2003, Editor I.G. Niemegeers / G. Heijenk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, typically between portable and mobile computing devices such as laptops, personal digital assistants (PDA foreign devices Home environment 1 Figure 1: Example of a Personal Network This project focuses on QoQoS for Personal Networks at Home page 1 of 10 Project Plan, Public Version, September 16, 2003

Boucherie, Richard J.

391

INFORMATION DEVICES AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to access or hold sensitive, confidential or personal information on mobile devices, such as laptopsPROTECTION OF INFORMATION HELD ON MOBILE DEVICES AND ENCRYPTION POLICY (V3.5) the place of useful;Protection of Information Held on Mobile Devices and Encryption Policy (v3.5) Page 1 Table of Contents 1

Mottram, Nigel

392

Department of Applied Mathematics Faculty of EEMCS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

personal devices and services in his home, car, office etc. as well as other foreign networks and services examples of personal devices that may be involved in a personal network are mobile phones, PDAs, laptops to organize all the devices of a person into a self-organized network on top of existing and emerging

Boucherie, Richard J.

393

SUPPLEMENTAL EXPORT COMPLIANCE PROCEDURES FOR TRAVEL WITH MOBILE DEVICES & RESEARCH EQUIPMENT To ensure that SAO-affiliated persons, who work on export-controlled projects and travel with their  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUPPLEMENTAL EXPORT COMPLIANCE PROCEDURES FOR TRAVEL WITH MOBILE DEVICES & RESEARCH EQUIPMENT I. Purpose To ensure that SAO-affiliated persons, who work on export-controlled projects and travel with their laptops and mobile devices, take additional export compliance security precautions in advance and bring

394

ITL BULLETIN FOR AUGUST 2012 SECURITY OF BLUETOOTH SYSTEMS AND DEVICES: UPDATED GUIDE ISSUED BY THE NATIONAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ITL BULLETIN FOR AUGUST 2012 SECURITY OF BLUETOOTH SYSTEMS AND DEVICES: UPDATED GUIDE ISSUED, which is used primarily to establish wireless personal area networks (WPANs), has been integrated into many types of business and consumer devices; examples include cell phones, laptops, automobiles

395

Page 1 of 2 Hand Carry Tools [DRAFT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, cell phone, data storage devices and encrypted software under your personal custody and control, and Data Storage Devices When you travel outside of the United States (except Canada), transporting your university provided laptop computer, PDA, cell phone, data storage devices and encrypted software may require

Bordenstein, Seth

396

NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Information Technology Strategic Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conferencing technology into the Course Management System, allowing for virtual office hours, easier access mobile device and tablet support to core services of the Course Management SyNORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Information Technology Strategic Plan 2012 2014 #12;Information technology

Shull, Kenneth R.

397

The development of a thin-film rollforming process for pharmaceutical continuous manufacturing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, a continuous rollforming process for the folding of thin-films was proposed and studied as a key step in the continuous manufacturing of pharmaceutical tablets. HPMC and PEG based polymeric thin-films were ...

Slaughter, Ryan (Ryan R.)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Templated self-assembly of multiferroic nanocomposites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To respond to the growing demand for smart and connected devices, such as smartphones, tablet PCs arid other mobile hardware, while meeting the needs for increased power efficiency, miniaturization and reduced manufacturing ...

Aimon, Nicolas M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Carousel of Progress: Progression of Data Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Tablet PC and High Precision GPS #12;Field XRF Analysis #12;Portable Field XRF Analysis #12;Equipment in EDGETM #12;XRF Confirmation Samples - EDGETM COC #12;Conclusion #12;· Smart investment and application

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

400

Speech processing using digital MEMS microphones   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The last few years have seen the start of a unique change in microphones for consumer devices such as smartphones or tablets. Almost all analogue capacitive microphones are being replaced by digital silicon microphones ...

Zwyssig, Erich Paul

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Understanding freehand diagrams : combining appearance and context for multi-domain sketch recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As our interaction with computing shifts away from the traditional desktop model (e.g., towards smartphones, tablets, touch-enabled displays), the technology that drives this interaction needs to evolve as well. Wouldn't ...

Ouyang, Tom Yu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

E-Print Network 3.0 - assyrian medical texts Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

where the archive now exceeds 2000 tablets), the Old Assyrian king-list (Acemhyk, Konya... -Karahyk, and Kltepe), and the Neo-Assyrian king-list (AyanisAgarti), with...

403

HMSC SAFETY COMMITTEE Minutes March 8 2011 Meeting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, water purification tablets) have expired. Other items (including food and water) are still viable of the vaults, and a portion of the new chlorine system. Bob will follow up on this. AED Units Bob reported

404

For Immediate release: 03/21/12 Contact: Ingrid Wright  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and even clothing. Participating students will also build displays and memory/computer tablets using 2D/3D printing strategies. The cooperative program includes study abroad for MME students from UTEP and Seokyeong

Ward, Karen

405

PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Vince, A.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reproduction, re-distribution, re-selling, loan or sub-licensing, systematic supply or distribution in any form are preserved on Babylonian clay tablets from about 2300 B.C. The first whole world maps began to appear

Vince, Andrew

406

Iterative Collision Resolution in Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the growing popularity of smart phones and tablets, development of multimedia applications is on the rise. Speedy transmission of this massive amount information is already pushing the limits of the capacity of wireless networks...

Stuckman, Katherine Christine

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

407

Multiscale structural and mechanical design of mineralized biocomposites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gastropod mollusk nacre tablets and Polypterus senegalus armored scales share common features such as a very complex and changing structure spanning several length scales. The smallest building blocks are single crystals, ...

Bruet, Benjamin J. F. (Benjamin Jean Fernand), 1980-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Computer rotoscoping with the aid of color recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rotoscoping is explored as a computer animation technique. The optical videodisc serves as the image storage and input source. Image processing and tablet painting routines are applied to digitized frames. "Color recognition", ...

Allen, Rebecca A

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Solar powered desalination system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.18: Largest PV Power Plants……………………………………………………32 TableTable 1.18: Largest PV Power Plants 19 Power (MW) LocationWorld Canada, Sarnia PV power plant Sarnia (Ontario) Italy,

Mateo, Tiffany Alisa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

EPA's SMM Webinar Series: The Changing "Waste" Stream | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

food in pouches, and bottled water instead of soda; To the products we buy: tablets, smart phones instead of newspapers; And the way in which we buy them: on-line shopping....

411

Gradual Ordering in Red Abalone Nacre  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Red abalone (Haliotis rufescens) nacre is a layered composite biomineral that contains crystalline aragonite tablets confined by organic layers. Nacre is intensely studied because its biologically controlled microarchitecture gives rise to remarkable strength and toughness, but the mechanisms leading to its formation are not well understood. Here we present synchrotron spectromicroscopy experiments revealing that stacks of aragonite tablet crystals in nacre are misoriented with respect to each other. Quantitative measurements of crystal orientation, tablet size, and tablet stacking direction show that orientational ordering occurs not abruptly but gradually over a distance of 50 {micro}m. Several lines of evidence indicate that different crystal orientations imply different tablet growth rates during nacre formation. A theoretical model based on kinetic and gradual selection of the fastest growth rates produces results in qualitative and quantitative agreement with the experimental data and therefore demonstrates that ordering in nacre is a result of crystal growth kinetics and competition either in addition or to the exclusion of templation by acidic proteins as previously assumed. As in other natural evolving kinetic systems, selection of the fastest-growing stacks of tablets occurs gradually in space and time. These results suggest that the self-ordering of the mineral phase, which may occur completely independently of biological or organic-molecule control, is fundamental in nacre formation.

Gilbert, P. U. P. A.; Metzler, Rebecca A.; Zhou, Dong; Scholl, Andreas; Doran, Andrew; Young, Anthony; Kunz, Martin; Tamura, Nobumichi; Coppersmith, Susan N.

2008-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

412

4/5/2014 10 ways alternative energyis about to change the waytech gets powered -TechRepublic http://www.techrepublic.com/article/10-ways-alternative-energy-is-about-to-change-the-way-tech-gets-powered/ 1/10  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Apple; it owns two solar farms and one fuel-cell farm near its data center in North Carolina4/5/2014 10 ways alternative energyis about to change the waytech gets powered - TechRepublic http://www.techrepublic.com/article/10-ways-alternative-energy-is-about-to-change-the-way-tech-gets-powered/ 1/10 Solar-powered laptops

Chiao, Jung-Chih

413

Updated: Aug. 2006 Page 1 of 2 Spingold Theater Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Designer laptop access Belkin UPS Backup Amplifiers: 3 QSC 700 3 Yamaha PC2002 1 QSC 1400 Cable: 15+ -100: 5 JBL control 5 speakers mounted in overhead grid 2 JBL control 5 speakers in voms 2 EAW FR 122e Frequency: 195.000 1 Shure LX 14/93 wireless w/SM58 handheld OR Shure WL-93 Mic E Frequency: 180.400 1 Line

Fraden, Seth

414

Multicore: Fallout From a Computing Evolution (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Summer Lecture Series 2008: Parallel computing used to be reserved for big science and engineering projects, but in two years that's all changed. Even laptops and hand-helds use parallel processors. Unfortunately, the software hasn't kept pace. Kathy Yelick, Director of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center at Berkeley Lab, describes the resulting chaos and the computing community's efforts to develop exciting applications that take advantage of tens or hundreds of processors on a single chip.

Yelick, Kathy [Director, NERSC

2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

415

Multicore Fallout from a Computing Evolution  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

July 22, 2008 Berkeley Lab lecture: Parallel computing used to be reserved for big science and engineering projects, but in two years that's all changed. Even laptops and hand-helds use parallel processors. Unfortunately, the software hasn't kept pace. Kathy Yelick, Director of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center at Berkeley Lab, describes the resulting chaos and the computing community's efforts to develop exciting applications that take advantage of tens or hundreds of processors on a single chip.

LBNL

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Page 1 of 3 Radiogram No. 7263u Form 24 for 09/13/2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-MED Laptop 07:55-08:40 FE-3 WPA Condensate Water Sampling 08:00-08:10 FE-5 Waste Water Bag (WWB) Replace 08 Physical Exercise (ARED) 09:05-09:15 FE-5 WRS Water Sample Analysis 09:05-09:15 FE-6 CIR Alignment Guide Physical Exercise (ARED) 16:30-16:35 FE-5 MS Closeout Ops 16:35-16:45 FE-5 TOCA Gas Analyzer Calibration 16

Waliser, Duane E.

417

Annual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2010/11 2 General Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electricity consumption for 30 years. Figure 2.2: Half a bath of water plus the lithium in one laptop battery for 200,000 kW-hours of electricity ­ the same as 70 tonnes of coal, and equal to the UK's per capita would provide the fuel needed for the same amount of electricity as 70 tonnes of coal. #12;Annual Report

418

Characterization of oxynitride dielectric films grown in NO/O{sub 2} mixtures by rapid thermal oxynitridation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ultra-thin oxynitride films were grown on Si by direct rapid thermal processing (RTP) oxynitridation in NO/O{sub 2} ambients with NO concentrations from 5% to 50%. During oxynitridation, nitrogen accumulated at the Si/dielectric interface and the average concentration of in N through the resulting films ranged from 0.3 to 3.0 atomic percent. The average concentration of N in the films increased with increasing NO in the ambient gas, but decreased with longer RTP times. The maximum N concentration remained relatively constant for all RTP times and a given NO/O{sub 2} ambient. Re-oxidation following oxynitridation altered L the N profile and improved the electrical characteristics, with an optimal NO/O{sub 2} mixture in the range of 10% to 25% NO. Re-oxidation by RTP improves the electrical characteristics with respect to the films that were not re-oxidized and produces only slight changes in the N distribution or maximum concentration. The electrical results also indicate that oxynitride films are superior to comparably grown oxide films.

EVERIST,SARAH C.; MEISENHEIMER,TIMOTHY L.; NELSON,GERALD C.; SMITH,PAUL M.

2000-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

419

The role of a LiF layer on the performance of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate)/Si organic-inorganic hybrid solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report an ultra-thin layer of lithium fluoride (LiF) between silicon (Si) and aluminum (Al) in a Si/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) hybrid solar cell which resulted in a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 11.09%. The insertion of a thin layer of LiF improved the contact between Si and Al, which decreased the contact resistance from 5.4?×?10{sup ?1} ? cm{sup 2} to 2.6?×?10{sup ?2} ? cm{sup 2}. Also, the electron transport from Si to Al was improved and charge carrier recombination was suppressed. As a result, the short circuit current density, the open circuit voltage, and the fill factor were all improved with the presence of the LiF layer. The solar cell with the LiF/Al bilayer as a cathode displayed a 14.45% enhancement on PCE when compared with the device using pristine Al as a cathode.

Zhang, Yunfang [Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials (FUNSOM) and Collaborative Innovation Center of Suzhou Nano Science and Technology, Soochow University, 199 Ren'ai Road, Suzhou 215123 (China); Department of Mathematics and Physics, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang 212003 (China); Liu, Ruiyuan; Lee, Shuit-Tong; Sun, Baoquan, E-mail: bqsun@suda.edu.cn [Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials (FUNSOM) and Collaborative Innovation Center of Suzhou Nano Science and Technology, Soochow University, 199 Ren'ai Road, Suzhou 215123 (China)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

420

Direct observation of temperature dependent magnetic domain structure of the multiferroic La{sub 0.66}Sr{sub 0.34}MnO{sub 3}/BiFeO{sub 3} bilayer system by x-ray linear dichroism- and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism-photoemission electron microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Low-thickness La{sub 0.66}Sr{sub 0.34}MnO{sub 3} (LSMO)/BiFeO{sub 3} (BFO) thin film samples deposited on SrTiO{sub 3} were imaged by high resolution x-ray microscopy at different temperatures. The ultra-thin thickness of the top layer allows to image both the ferromagnetic domain structure of LSMO and the multiferroic domain structure of the buried BFO layer, opening a path to a direct observation of coupling at the interface on a microscopic level. By comparing the domain size and structure of the BFO and LSMO, we observed that, in contrast to LSMO single layers, LSMO/BFO multilayers show a strong temperature dependence of the ferromagnetic domain structure of the LSMO. Particularly, at 40?K, a similar domain size for BFO and LSMO is observed. This indicates a persistence of exchange coupling on the microscopic scale at a temperature, where the exchange bias as determined by magnetometer measurements is vanishing.

Mix, C.; Finizio, S.; Jakob, G.; Kläui, M. [Institut für Physik, Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz, Staudingerweg 7, D-55128 Mainz (Germany); Buzzi, M.; Nolting, F. [Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Kronast, F. [Helmholtz-Zentrum-Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH, Albert-Einstein Straße 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany)

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Chemical Bonding, Interfaces and Defects in Hafnium Oxide/Germanium Oxynitride Gate Stacks on Ge (100)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Correlations among interface properties and chemical bonding characteristics in HfO{sub 2}/GeO{sub x}N{sub y}/Ge MIS stacks were investigated using in-situ remote nitridation of the Ge (100) surface prior to HfO{sub 2} atomic layer deposition (ALD). Ultra thin ({approx}1.1 nm), thermally stable and aqueous etch-resistant GeO{sub x}N{sub y} interfaces layers that exhibited Ge core level photoelectron spectra (PES) similar to stoichiometric Ge{sub 3}N{sub 4} were synthesized. To evaluate GeO{sub x}N{sub y}/Ge interface defects, the density of interface states (D{sub it}) was extracted by the conductance method across the band gap. Forming gas annealed (FGA) samples exhibited substantially lower D{sub it} ({approx} 1 x 10{sup 12} cm{sup -2} eV{sup -1}) than did high vacuum annealed (HVA) and inert gas anneal (IGA) samples ({approx} 1x 10{sup 13} cm{sup -2} eV{sup -1}). Germanium core level photoelectron spectra from similar FGA-treated samples detected out-diffusion of germanium oxide to the HfO{sub 2} film surface and apparent modification of chemical bonding at the GeO{sub x}N{sub y}/Ge interface, which is related to the reduced D{sub it}.

Oshima, Yasuhiro; /Stanford U., Materials Sci. Dept.; Sun, Yun; /SLAC, SSRL; Kuzum, Duygu; /Stanford U.; Sugawara, Takuya; Saraswat, Krishna C.; Pianetta, Piero; /SLAC, SSRL; McIntyre, Paul C.; /Stanford U., Materials Sci. Dept.

2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

422

Structural and interfacial characteristics of thin (<10 nm) SiO{sub 2} films grown by electron cyclotron resonance plasma oxidation on [100] Si substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The feasibility of fabricating ultra-thin SiO{sub 2} films on the order of a few nanometer thickness has been demonstrated. SiO{sub 2} thin films of approximately 7 nm thickness have been produced by ion flux-controlled Electron Cyclotron Resonance plasma oxidation at low temperature on [100] Si substrates, in reproducible fashion. Electrical measurements of these films indicate that they have characteristics comparable to those of thermally grown oxides. The thickness of the films was determined by ellipsometry, and further confirmed by cross-sectional High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy. Comparison between the ECR and the thermal oxide films shows that the ECR films are uniform and continuous over at least a few microns in lateral direction, similar to the thermal oxide films grown at comparable thickness. In addition, HRTEM images reveal a thin (1--1.5 nm) crystalline interfacial layer between the ECR film and the [100] substrate. Thinner oxide films of approximately 5 nm thickness have also been attempted, but so far have resulted in nonuniform coverage. Reproducibility at this thickness is difficult to achieve.

Nguyen, T.D.; Carl, D.A.; Hess, D.W.; Lieberman, M.A.; Gronsky, R.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Structural and interfacial characteristics of thin (<10 nm) SiO sub 2 films grown by electron cyclotron resonance plasma oxidation on (100) Si substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The feasibility of fabricating ultra-thin SiO{sub 2} films on the order of a few nanometer thickness has been demonstrated. SiO{sub 2} thin films of approximately 7 nm thickness have been produced by ion flux-controlled Electron Cyclotron Resonance plasma oxidation at low temperature on (100) Si substrates, in reproducible fashion. Electrical measurements of these films indicate that they have characteristics comparable to those of thermally grown oxides. The thickness of the films was determined by ellipsometry, and further confirmed by cross-sectional High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy. Comparison between the ECR and the thermal oxide films shows that the ECR films are uniform and continuous over at least a few microns in lateral direction, similar to the thermal oxide films grown at comparable thickness. In addition, HRTEM images reveal a thin (1--1.5 nm) crystalline interfacial layer between the ECR film and the (100) substrate. Thinner oxide films of approximately 5 nm thickness have also been attempted, but so far have resulted in nonuniform coverage. Reproducibility at this thickness is difficult to achieve.

Nguyen, T.D.; Carl, D.A.; Hess, D.W.; Lieberman, M.A.; Gronsky, R.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Performance limits of tunnel transistors based on mono-layer transition-metal dichalcogenides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Performance limits of tunnel field-effect transistors based on mono-layer transition metal dichalcogenides are investigated through numerical quantum mechanical simulations. The atomic mono-layer nature of the devices results in a much smaller natural length ?, leading to much larger electric field inside the tunneling diodes. As a result, the inter-band tunneling currents are found to be very high as long as ultra-thin high-k gate dielectric is possible. The highest on-state driving current is found to be close to 600??A/?m at V{sub g}?=?V{sub d}?=?0.5?V when 2?nm thin HfO{sub 2} layer is used for gate dielectric, outperforming most of the conventional semiconductor tunnel transistors. In the five simulated transition-metal dichalcogenides, mono-layer WSe{sub 2} based tunnel field-effect transistor shows the best potential. Deep analysis reveals that there is plenty room to further enhance the device performance by either geometry, alloy, or strain engineering on these mono-layer materials.

Jiang, Xiang-Wei, E-mail: xwjiang@semi.ac.cn; Li, Shu-Shen [State Key Laboratory of Superlattices and Microstructures, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083 (China); Synergetic Innovation Center of Quantum Information and Quantum Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

425

Suppression of Ge-O And Ge-N Bonding at Ge-HfO(2) And Ge-TiO(2) Interfaces By Deposition Onto Plasma-Nitrided Passivated Ge Substrates: Integration Issues Ge Gate Stacks Into Advanced Devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of changes in nano-scale morphology of thin films of nano-crystalline transition metal (TM) elemental oxides, HfO{sub 2} and TiO{sub 2}, on plasma-nitrided Ge(100) substrates, and Si(100) substrates with ultra-thin (-0.8 nm) plasma-nitrided Si suboxide, SiO{sub x}, x < 2, or SiON interfacial layers is presented. Near edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (NEXAS) has been used to determine nano-scale morphology of these films by Jahn-Teller distortion removal of band edge d-state degeneracies. These results identify a new and novel application for NEXAS based on the resonant character of the respective O K{sub 1} and N K{sub 1} edge absorptions. This paper also includes a brief discussion of the integration issues for the introduction of this Ge breakthrough into advanced semiconductor circuits and systems. This includes a comparison of nano-crystalline and non-crystalline dielectrics, as well as issues relative to metal gates.

Lee, S.; Long, J.P.; Lucovsky, G.; Whitten, J.; Seo, H.; Luning, J.

2009-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

426

Hydrogen Selective Thin Palladium-Copper Composite Membranes on Alumina Supports  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thin and defect-free Pd–Cu composite membranes with high hydrogen permeances and selectivities were prepared by electroless plating of palladium and copper on porous alumina supports with pore sizes of 5 and 100 nm coated with intermediate layers. The intermediate layers on the 100 nm supports were prepared by the deposition of boehmite sols of different particle sizes, and provided a graded, uniform substrate for the formation of defect-free, ultra-thin palladium composite layers. The dependence of hydrogen flux on pressure difference was studied to understand the dominant mechanism of hydrogen transport through a Pd–Cu composite membrane plated on an alumina support with a pore size of 5 nm. The order in hydrogen pressure was 0.98, and indicated that bulk diffusion through the Pd–Cu layer was fast and the overall process was limited by external mass-transfer or a surface process. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of the Pd–Cu composite membrane showed a uniform substrate created after depositing one intermediate layer on top of the alumina support and a dense Pd–Cu composite layer with no visible defects. Cross-sectional views of the membrane showed that the Pd–Cu composite layer had a top layer thickness of 160 nm (0.16 ?m), which is much thinner than previously reported.

Lim, Hankwon; Oyama, S. Ted

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

427

Ultrathin Palladium Membranes Prepared by a Novel Electric Field Assisted Activation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ultra-thin Pd composite membranes with a thickness of 1 ?m were prepared by a novel electric-field assisted activation technique followed by electroless deposition of Pd on a hollow-fiber ?-alumina support. The novel activation method places Pd precursors and a reducing agent on opposite sides of a porous substrate and uses an electric field to cause migration of Pd ions to the outer surface where they are reduced to form seeds in high density in a narrow spatial region. The resulting membranes showed a high hydrogen permeance in the range of 4.0–5.0 × 10{sup ?6} mol m{sup ?2} s{sup ?1} Pa{sup ?1} and stable H{sub 2}/N{sub 2} selectivity of 3000–9000 during stability tests for 150 h at 733 K with H{sub 2} flow. The formation of the thin, defect-less and robust Pd layer can be ascribed to the evenly distributed Pd seeds on the support layer and the enhanced bonding between the Pd layer and the support layer resulting from the strong anchoring of the Pd seeds onto the support in the new activation step.

Yun, Samhun; Ko, Joon Ho; Oyama, S. Ted

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Detector Systems at CLIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Compact Linear Collider CLIC is designed to deliver e+e- collisions at a center of mass energy of up to 3 TeV. The detector systems at this collider have to provide highly efficient tracking and excellent jet energy resolution and hermeticity for multi-TeV final states with multiple jets and leptons. In addition, the detector systems have to be capable of distinguishing physics events from large beam-induced background at a crossing frequency of 2 GHz. Like for the detector concepts at the ILC, CLIC detectors are based on event reconstruction using particle flow algorithms. The two detector concepts for the ILC, ILD and SID, were adapted for CLIC using calorimeters with dense absorbers limiting leakage through increased compactness, as well as modified forward and vertex detector geometries and precise time stamping to cope with increased background levels. The overall detector concepts for CLIC are presented, with particular emphasis on the main detector and engineering challenges, such as: the ultra-thin vertex detector with high resolution and fast time-stamping, hadronic calorimetry using tungsten absorbers, and event reconstruction techniques related to particle flow algorithms and beam background suppression.

Frank Simon

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

429

Preliminary Characterization and Analysis of the Designs and Research-Manufacturing Approaches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of Phase I of a study entitled, Low-Cost Manufacturing Of Multilayer Ceramic Fuel Cells. The work was carried out by a group called the Multilayer Fuel Cell Alliance (MLFCA) led by NexTech Materials and including Adaptive Materials, Advanced Materials Technologies (AMT), Cobb & Co., Edison Materials Technology Center, Iowa State University, Gas Technology Institute (GTI), Northwestern University, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Ohio State University, University of Missouri-Rolla (UMR), and Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. The objective of the program is to develop advanced manufacturing technologies for making solid oxide fuel cell components that are more economical and reliable for a variety of applications. In the Phase I effort, five approaches were considered: two based on NexTech's planar approach using anode and cathode supported variations, one based on UMR's ultra-thin electrolyte approach, and two based on AMI's co-extrusion technology. Based on a detailed manufacturing cost analysis, all of the approaches are projected to result in a significantly reduced production cost. Projected costs range from $139/kW to $179/kW for planar designs. Development risks were assessed for each approach and it was determined that the NexTech and UMR approaches carried the least risk for successful development. Using advanced manufacturing methods and a proprietary high power density design, the team estimated that production costs could be reduced to $94/kW.

Scott Swartz; Gwendolyn Cheney; Williams Dawson; Michael Cobb; Kirby Meacham; James Stephan; Bob Remick; Harlan Anderson; Wayne Huebner; Aaron Crumm; John Holloran; Tim Armstrong

2000-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

430

Effect of Si substrate on interfacial SiO{sub 2} scavenging in HfO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2}/Si stacks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The scavenging kinetics of an ultra-thin SiO{sub 2} interface layer (SiO{sub 2}-IL) in an HfO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2}/Si stack is discussed by focusing on the substrate effect in addition to oxygen diffusion. {sup 18}O tracing experiments demonstrate that the O-atom moves from the SiO{sub 2}-IL to the HfO{sub 2} layer during scavenging. SiO{sub 2}-IL scavenging with various substrates (Si, SiC, and sapphire) has been found to be significantly different, which suggests that the Si in the substrate is also necessary to continuously cause the scavenging. Based on these findings and thermodynamic considerations, a kinetic model where oxygen vacancy (V{sub O}) transferred from the HfO{sub 2} reacts with the SiO{sub 2}, which is in contact with the Si-substrate, is proposed for the SiO{sub 2}-IL scavenging.

Li, Xiuyan, E-mail: xiuyan@adam.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Yajima, Takeaki; Nishimura, Tomonori; Nagashio, Kosuke; Toriumi, Akira [Department of Materials Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

431

Carrier transport properties of the Group-IV ferromagnetic semiconductor Ge{sub 1-x}Fe{sub x} with and without boron doping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated the transport and magnetic properties of group-IV ferromagnetic semiconductor Ge{sub 1-x}Fe{sub x} films (x = 1.0 and 2.3%) with and without boron doping grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). In order to accurately measure the transport properties of 100-nm-thick Ge{sub 1-x}Fe{sub x} films, (001)-oriented silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafers with an ultra-thin Si body layer (?5 nm) were used as substrates. Owing to the low Fe content, the hole concentration and mobility in the Ge{sub 1-x}Fe{sub x} films were exactly estimated by Hall measurements because the anomalous Hall effect in these films was found to be negligibly small. By boron doping, we increased the hole concentration in Ge{sub 1-x}Fe{sub x} from ?10{sup 18} cm{sup ?3} to ?10{sup 20} cm{sup ?3} (x = 1.0%) and to ?10{sup 19} cm{sup ?3} (x = 2.3%), but no correlation was observed between the hole concentration and magnetic properties. This result presents a contrast to the hole-induced ferromagnetism in III-V ferromagnetic semiconductors.

Ban, Yoshisuke, E-mail: ban@cryst.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Wakabayashi, Yuki; Akiyama, Ryota; Nakane, Ryosho; Tanaka, Masaaki, E-mail: masaaki@ee.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Department of Electronic Engineering and Information Systems, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

432

A novel hohlraum with ultrathin depleted-uranium-nitride coating layer for low hard x-ray emission and high radiation temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An ultra-thin layer of uranium nitrides (UN) has been coated on the inner surface of the depleted uranium hohlraum (DUH), which has been proved by our experiment can prevent the oxidization of Uranium (U) effectively. Comparative experiments between the novel depleted uranium hohlraum and pure golden (Au) hohlraum are implemented on Shenguang III prototype laser facility. Under the laser intensity of 6*10^14 W/cm2, we observe that, the hard x-ray (> 1.8 keV) fraction of this uranium hohlraum decreases by 61% and the peak intensity of total x-ray flux (0.1 keV ~ 5 keV) increases by 5%. Two dimensional radiation hydrodynamic code LARED are exploited to interpret the above observations. Our result for the first time indicates the advantage of the UN-coated DUH in generating the uniform x-ray field with a quasi Planckian spectrum and thus has important implications in optimizing the ignition hohlraum design.

Guo, Liang; Xing, Peifeng; Li, Sanwei; Yi, Taimin; Kuang, Longyu; Li, Zhichao; Li, Renguo; Wu, Zheqing; Jing, Longfei; Zhang, Wenhai; Zhan, Xiayu; Yang, Dong; Jiang, Bobi; Yang, Jiamin; Liu, Shenye; Jiang, Shaoen; Li, Yongsheng; Liu, Jie; Huo, Wenyi; Lan, Ke

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Catalyzed CO.sub.2-transport membrane on high surface area inorganic support  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are membranes and methods for making the same, which membranes provide improved permeability, stability, and cost-effective manufacturability, for separating CO.sub.2 from gas streams such as flue gas streams. High CO.sub.2 permeation flux is achieved by immobilizing an ultra-thin, optionally catalyzed fluid layer onto a meso-porous modification layer on a thin, porous inorganic substrate such as a porous metallic substrate. The CO.sub.2-selective liquid fluid blocks non-selective pores, and allows for selective absorption of CO.sub.2 from gas mixtures such as flue gas mixtures and subsequent transport to the permeation side of the membrane. Carbon dioxide permeance levels are in the order of 1.0.times.10.sup.-6 mol/(m.sup.2sPa) or better. Methods for making such membranes allow commercial scale membrane manufacturing at highly cost-effective rates when compared to conventional commercial-scale CO.sub.2 separation processes and equipment for the same and such membranes are operable on an industrial use scale.

Liu, Wei

2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

434

Diffusion and Swelling Measurements in Pharmaceutical Powder Compacts Using Terahertz Pulsed Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Morphologi v8.11 software (Malvern In- struments). The mean particle size, D50, of HPMC, Eudragit RSPO, and Lactose were 16.9, 8.6, and 22.1 :m, respectively. Compaction Tablets were compressed to 1.5 mm thickness, either by using a manual hydraulic press... - prisingly, the tablets produced using the compaction simulator exhibited a more consistent pore distribution compared with the ones produced using the hydraulic press that reflects the more controlled method of compaction in the compaction simu- lator...

Yassin, Samy; Su, Ke; Lin, Hungyen; Gladden, Lynn F.; Zeitler, J. Axel

2015-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

435

Department of Computer Engineering Spring 2012 Simulated UAV with command, control and surveillance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PENNSTATE Department of Computer Engineering Spring 2012 Simulated UAV with command, control, an aircraft on a mission (e.g. cargo helicopter), a base station controlling the mission, and a UAV providing control to the three operators through a windows client, or an android tablet for the ground crew. The UAV

Demirel, Melik C.

436

Scenography for The Tales of Hoffmann  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer aided design for 19th Century French opera The Tales of Hoffmann by Jacques Offenbach. The opera was first performed on 10 February 1881 in France. Computer applications and a pen tablet have been used for the scenic, costume and lighting...

Xu, Yue

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

437

Personal Devices in the NC Digital Government Summit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/btl/byod-inches-along-in-europe-middle-east-africa/77605 #12;2012 Horizon Report ­ Technologies to Watch · Within next 12 months: ­ Mobile Apps ­ Tablet;University Mobile Collaboration · Collaboration between central and distributed IT groups · Manage AppleLab to Diagnose Plant Disease #12;#12;Instructional Technology Sampler · Enterprise: Learning Management Systems

Liu, Paul

438

Managing Adrenal Insufficiency This information was developed by the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and water in the body. What is adrenal insufficiency? Adrenal insufficiency means that there is not enough. Causes of permanent AI include the following: Addison's Disease Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH. Children with AI who have trouble swal lowing pills can take Florinef tablets dis solved in water

Rau, Don C.

439

MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

supplies in supermarkets. Use 1 teaspoon per gallon of water as a treatment solution. Vitamin C tablets canning supplies in supermarkets. Sometimes citric acid powder is sold in supermarkets, but it is less- spoon ascorbic acid; cook until tender. Cool and strain, if necessary. If desired, sweeten to taste

440

A modified Drucker-Prager Cap model for die compaction simulation of pharmaceutical powders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;1. Introduction As the most widely used dosage form for drug delivery in the pharmaceutical industry, tablets haveA modified Drucker-Prager Cap model for die compaction simulation of pharmaceutical powders L Institute for Pharmaceutical Materials Science, Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University

Elliott, James

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

IEEE DESIGN AND TEST OF COMPUTERS, VOL. V, NO. N, AUGUST 2013 1 Middleware for IoT-Cloud Integration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T, thanks to the very low power consumption and direct compatibility with smartmobiles (i.e., smartphones or tablets) without using a dongle or gateway. Its low average- power consumption enables a BLE device such as key chains, purses, wallets, pets, remote controls, and other commonly misplaced items

Shinozuka, Masanobu

442

Informatics in Education, 2007, Vol. 6, No. 2, 321334 321 2007 Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, Vilnius  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Informatics, Vilnius Pre-Service Teacher Training in Mathematics Using Tablet PC Technology Olga KOSHELEVA to good educational software and be familiar with the available software. Ideally teachers should be able to use ap- propriate software to create math activities that guide students to higher order thinking

Boyer, Edmond

443

Happy Holidays! Oldest and Large~t'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-bearing~tudent group accounts after Dean for Student Life Larry G. Benedict pledged to fund interest 'that would have." . Tracy F. Purinton, assistant dean for student activities, said that there are approximately eight.01) students Farhan I. Merali '05 and Corey A. Kemper G take notes on electronic tablets. Originally intended

444

EUROGRAPHICS Symposium on Sketch-Based Interfaces and Modeling (2010) M. Alexa and E. Do (Editors)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Modeling 2.5D Plants from Ink Paintings Cristina Amati and Gabriel J. Brostow University College London, UK preserving the artist's unique style. We apply our paintstroke-extraction technique to plants, the most-sensitive digital tablets, we address the problem of how to non-invasively decompose a real painting of a plant

Brostow, Gabriel

445

A journal of discovery and innovation from the University of Ottawa Summer 2013 Perspectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as the "capacity to perform work." But most of us tend to think of energy--derived from the Greek energeia, meaning's getting the seven billion of us out of bed in the morning, lighting our ever-expanding cities, helping our bodies heal, or powering our countless cars, computers, tablets and televisions. Energy shapes us

Petriu, Emil M.

446

134 MAY/JUNE 2006 THE SOCIAL STUDIES uch of Mesoamerica's rich cul-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

eroding because of acid rain. Just as water dis- solves an Alka-Seltzer tablet, acid rain erodes Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) to study acid rain at Mexico's archaeological sites. One product, called Acid Thunder: Saving El Tajín from Acid Rain. The supplement is in the form of a Webquest

Kahl, Jonathan D. W.

447

Temporal Quality Assessment for Mobile Videos An (Jack) Chan, Amit Pande, Eilwoo Baik and Prasant Mohapatra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for more than 50% of the total traffic in mobile networks [4]. Quality of Experi- ence (QoE) of watchingTemporal Quality Assessment for Mobile Videos An (Jack) Chan, Amit Pande, Eilwoo Baik and Prasant}@ucdavis.edu ABSTRACT Video quality assessment in mobile devices, for instances smart phones and tablets, raises unique

California at Davis, University of

448

Flexible computers on the way http://www.theinquirer.net/?article=30090 1 of 2 3/13/2006 10:21 AM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

disputes Xbox foil claims 3. Graphics cold World's Smallest TabletPC OQO model 01+, worlds smallest XP://www.theinquirer.net/?article=30090 2 of 2 3/13/2006 10:21 AM Online Storage - IBackup IBackup offers secure online storage, online... IT Certification and .NET Developer Training Industry leading MCSE, CCNA, CCNP, MCSD, A+ courses and more. Live

Rogers, John A.

449

Supporting Energy-driven Adaptations in Distributed Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Lionel Seinturier INRIA Lille ­ Nord Europe, Project-team ADAM University Lille 1 - LIFL CNRS UMR 8022. 2. MOTIVATION SCENARIO Watching streaming videos on a tablet PC Tom wishes to watch a movie on his and can be streamed over WiFi. When Tom starts playing the movie, the home en- ergy management system

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

450

Amy G. Froelich Ph.D. in Statistics 10/00  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Amy G. Froelich Education Ph.D. in Statistics 10/00 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Highest University Honors - Bronze Tablet Professional Employment Associate Professor 8/08 - present Department of Statistics, Iowa State University Faculty Member 8/06 - present Master of School Mathematics

Froelich, Amy G.

451

(A-12-023-00) National Aeronautics and Space Administration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with Agency-issued mobile devices and (2) the security risks associated with personal smartphones and tablets with personally owned mobile devices, more work remains. NASA Lacks Accurate Inventory of Mobile Devices. NASA audit, NASA took actions to address information security risks associated with personal mobile devices

Waliser, Duane E.

452

A Survey of adaptation systems Keling DA #1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

] (user and environment context). Currently, increasing numbers of personal smart-devices (e.g. iPhone, Android smartphone and tablets etc.), home smart-devices (e.g. Smart-TV, Cook robot, etc.) and small smart-devices. These devices have powerful computing re- sources and network connectivity (e.g. 3G or 4G network, Urban Wi

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

453

MT4614 Design of Experiments Spring Semester 2014 Problem Sheet 8 6 May 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of paint. Advise the engineer how best to use his resources in his experiment. Question 2 (from Practical 1 components used in the construction of underwater structures at sea, such as piers and oil-drilling platforms 50 will get two aspirin tablets per day. When we have decided which quantity is best, we can run

St Andrews, University of

454

Pointright: a system to redirect mouse and keyboard control among multiple machines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a software system, PointRight, that allows for smooth and effortless control of pointing and input devices among multiple displays. With PointRight, a single free-floating mouse and keyboard can be used to control multiple screens. When the cursor reaches the edge of a screen it seamlessly moves to the adjacent screen and keyboard control is simultaneously redirected to the appropriate machine. Laptops may also redirect their keyboard and pointing device, and multiple pointers are supported simultaneously. The system automatically reconfigures itself as displays go on, go off, or change the machine they display.

Johanson, Bradley E. (Palo Alto, CA); Winograd, Terry A. (Stanford, CA); Hutchins, Gregory M. (Mountain View, CA)

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

455

Overview of LHC physics results at ICHEP  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

 This month LHC physics day will review the physics results presented by the LHC experiments at the 2010 ICHEP in Paris. The experimental presentations will be preceeded by the bi-weekly LHC accelerator status report.The meeting will be broadcast via EVO (detailed info will appear at the time of the meeting in the "Video Services" item on the left menu bar)For those attending, information on accommodation, access to CERN and laptop registration is available from http://cern.ch/lpcc/visits

None

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

456

Introduction to CamGrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

set up: one for users (92 currently registered) and the other for sysadmins. Have a nice web-based utility for viewing job files in realtime on execute hosts. 41 refereed publications to date, (Science, Phys. Rev. Lett., PLOS,…) USERS YOUR GRID... GOD SAVE THE GRID How you can help us help you Pressgang local resources. Why aren’t those laptops/desktops on CamGrid? When applying for grants, please ask for funds to put towards computational resources (~£10k?) Publications, publications...

Calleja, Mark

2008-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

457

something simple, something sleazy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the slightest dissent was immediately banned. Several had been banned even before she had started her "great purge", because they "couldn't be trusted". I made a mental note to be more careful in the future, and checked my GMail, trying to banish the image... realized that I had left my computer on, and the gun out. I found my wife at my desk, with her laptop, her hands typing furiously on the two keyboards, eyes darting between screens. My question died on my lips; I had left Gmail open, and the screen saver...

2011-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

458

Description of the RDCDS Meteorological Component  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides a detailed description of the Rapidly Deployable Chemical Defense System (RDCDS) Meteorological Component. The Meteorological Component includes four surface meteorological stations, miniSODAR, laptop computers, and communications equipment. This report describes the equipment that is used, explains the operation of the network, and gives instructions for setting up the Component and replacing defective parts. A detailed description of operation and use of the individual sensors, including the data loggers is not covered in the current document, and the interested reader should refer to the manufacturer’s documentation.

Pekour, Mikhail S.; Berg, Larry K.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Interview of Michael Mann  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into two books, the first 'Fascists' (2004) and the second, 'The Dark Side of Democracy' (2005) explaining ethnic cleansing; I am waiting to see what reaction is; in 2002 began to write a book on Bush American foreign policy, 'Incoherent Empire', which... an enormous amount of pillaging of books for factual material; have taken enxtensive notes; have just discovered a new technique of library raiding from book reviews in journals on the web; all my notes are in my laptop; had a basic methodology in my raiding...

Mann, Michael

2005-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

460

Rhodium Catalysts in the Oxidation of CO by O2 and NO: Shape, Composition, and Hot Electron Generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is well known that the activity, selectivity, and deactivation behavior of heterogeneous catalysts are strongly affected by a wide variety of parameters, including but not limited to nanoparticle size, shape, composition, support, pretreatment conditions, oxidation state, and electronic state. Enormous effort has been expended in an attempt to understand the role of these factors on catalytic behavior, but much still remains to be discovered. In this work, we have focused on deepening the present understanding of the role of nanoparticle shape, nanoparticle composition, and hot electrons on heterogeneous catalysis in the oxidation of carbon monoxide by molecular oxygen and nitric oxide. These reactions were chosen because they are important for environmental applications, such as in the catalytic converter, and because there is a wide range of experimental and theoretical insight from previous single crystal work as well as experimental data on nanoparticles obtained using new state-of-the-art techniques that aid greatly in the interpretation of results on complex nanoparticle systems. In particular, the studies presented in this work involve three types of samples: {approx} 6.5 nm Rh nanoparticles of different shapes, {approx} 15 nm Rh1-xPdx core-shell bimetallic polyhedra nanoparticles, and Rh ultra-thin film ({approx} 5 nm) catalytic nanodiodes. The colloidal nanoparticle samples were synthesized using a co-reduction of metal salts in alcohol and supported on silicon wafers using the Langmuir-Blodgett technique. This synthetic strategy enables tremendous control of nanoparticle size, shape, and composition. Nanoparticle shape was controlled through the use of different organic polymer capping layers. Bimetallic core-shell nanoparticles were synthesized by careful choice of metal salt precursors. Rh/TiO{sub x} and Rh/GaN catalytic nanodiodes were fabricated using a variety of thin film device fabrication techniques, including reactive DC magnetron sputtering, electron beam evaporation, and rapid thermal annealing. The combination of these techniques enabled control of catalytic nanodiode morphology, geometry, and electrical properties.

Renzas, James R.

2010-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ultra-thin laptops tablets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Nuclear Science Division 1994 annual report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the activities of the Nuclear Science Division for the period of January 1, 1994, to December 31, 1994. This was a time of significant accomplishment for all of the programs in the Division. Assembly of the solar neutrino detector at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory is well under way. All of the components fabricated by LBL were shipped to Sudbury early in the year and our efforts are now divided between assisting the assembly of the detector and preparing software for data analysis once the detector is operational in 1996. Much of the activity at the 88-Inch Cyclotron centered on Gammasphere. The {open_quotes}early implementation{close_quotes} phase of the detector ended in September. This phase was extremely successful, involving over 60 experiments with nearly 200 users from 37 institutions worldwide. The mechanical structure was installed and the final electronic system is expected to operate in March 1995. The Division concurrently hosted a conference on physics for large {gamma}-ray detector arrays at the Clark Kerr Campus at UC Berkeley in August. This was a very successful meeting, reflecting the enthusiasm for this field worldwide. Also at the Cyclotron, the progress toward weak interaction experiments using ultra-thin sources passed a major milestone with the trapping of radioactive {sup 21}Na atoms. We are now engaged in a major upgrade of the experimental area and the outlook is very promising for these novel experiments. Another highlight of research at the Cyclotron was the confirmation of element 106. This development allowed the original LLNL/LBL discovery team to move forward with their proposal to name this element seaborgium.

Myers, W.D. [ed.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Study of Hydrophobic and Ionizable Hydrophilic Copolymers at Polymer/Solid and Polymer/Liquid Interfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Joint experimental-computational efforts were set to characterize the interfacial effects on the structure and dynamics of polymers consisting of highly rigid hydrophilic-ionizable and hydrophobic sub-units within one polymeric chain casted into thin films of several molecular dimensions. Focusing on the ultra thin film region we separate out the interfacial effects from bulk characteristics. Specifically, the study sought to: identify the parameters that control the formation of a stable polymer-solid interface. The study consists of two components, experimental investigations and computational efforts. The experimental component was designed to derive empirical trends that can be used to correlate the set of coupled polymer molecular parameters with the interfacial characteristics of these polymers, and their response to presence of solvents. The computational study was designed to provide molecular insight into the ensemble averages provided by the experimental efforts on multiple length scales from molecular dimensions, to the nanometer lengths to a macroscopic understanding of solvent interactions with structured polymers. With the ultimate goal of correlating molecular parameters to structure, dynamics and properties of ionic polymers, the first stage of the research began with the study of two systems, one which allowed tailoring the flexibility of the backbone without the presence of ionic groups, but with a potential to sulfonate groups at a later stage, and a polymer whose backbone is rigid and the density of the ionic group can be varied. The combined experimental and computational studies significantly extended the understanding of polymers at interfaces from model systems to polydispersed copolymers with blocks of varying nature and complexity. This new insight directly affects the design of polymers for sustainable energy applications from batteries and fuel cells to solar energy.

Perahia, Dvora

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Determination of critical length scales for corrosion processes using microelectroanalytical techniques.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A key factor in our ability to produce and predict the stability of metal-based macro- to nano-scale structures and devices is a fundamental understanding of the localized nature of corrosion. Corrosion processes where physical dimensions become critical in the degradation process include localized corrosion initiation in passivated metals, microgalvanic interactions in metal alloys, and localized corrosion in structurally complex materials like nanocrystalline metal films under atmospheric and inundated conditions. This project focuses on two areas of corrosion science where a fundamental understanding of processes occurring at critical dimensions is not currently available. Sandia will study the critical length scales necessary for passive film breakdown in the inundated aluminum (Al) system and the chemical processes and transport in ultra-thin water films relevant to the atmospheric corrosion of nanocrystalline tungsten (W) films. Techniques are required that provide spatial information without significantly perturbing or masking the underlying relationships. Al passive film breakdown is governed by the relationship between area of the film sampled and its defect structure. We will combine low current measurements with microelectrodes to study the size scale required to observe a single initiation event and record electrochemical breakdown events. The resulting quantitative measure of stability will be correlated with metal grain size, secondary phase size and distribution to understand which metal properties control stability at the macro- and nano-scale. Mechanisms of atmospheric corrosion on W are dependent on the physical dimensions and continuity of adsorbed water layers as well as the chemical reactions that take place in this layer. We will combine electrochemical and scanning probe microscopic techniques to monitor the chemistry and resulting material transport in these thin surface layers. A description of the length scales responsible for driving the corrosion of the nanocrystalline metal films will be developed. The techniques developed and information derived from this work will be used to understand and predict degradation processes in microelectronic and microsystem devices critical to Sandia's mission.

Zavadil, Kevin Robert; Wall, Frederick Douglas

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

An experimental set-up to apply polarization modulation to infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy for improved in situ studies of atmospheric corrosion processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new set-up for improved monitoring of atmospheric corrosion processes in situ and in real-time is presented. To characterize chemical structures of thin films on metal surfaces surface sensitive analytical techniques are required. One possible technique is Infrared Reflection Absorption Spectroscopy (IRRAS) which has become an established method to investigate surface corrosion films of thicknesses less than 200 nm. However, there are limitations related to the sensitivity of these measurements, in case of investigating ultrathin films or absorption bands of interest, surface species are superimposed by atmospheric background absorption, which changes during in situ measurements in ambient atmospheres. These difficulties of in situ surface reflection measurements can be eliminated by availing the polarization selectivity of adsorbed surface species. At grazing angles of incidence the absorption of p-polarized infrared radiation by thin surface films on metals is enhanced, while the absorption of s-polarized light by this film is nearly zero. This different behavior of the polarization properties leads to strong selection rules at the surface and can therefore be used to identify molecules adsorbed on metal surfaces. Polarization Modulation (PM) of the infrared (IR) light takes advantage of this disparity of polarization on sample surfaces and in combination with IRRAS yielding a very sensitive and surface-selective method for obtaining IR spectra of ultra-thin films on metal surfaces. An already existing in situ IRRAS/Quartz Crystal Microbalance weathering cell was combined with PM and evaluated according to its applicability to study in situ atmospheric corrosion processes. First real-time measurements on silver samples exposed to different atmospheres were performed showing the advantage of PM-IRRAS compared to conventional IRRAS for such investigations.

Wiesinger, R. [Institute of Science and Technology in Art, Academy of Fine Arts, 1010 Vienna (Austria); Schade, U. [Helmholtz-Zentrum für Materialien und Energy GmbH, Elektronenspeicherring BESSY II, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Kleber, Ch. [Centre for Electrochemical Surface Technology, 2700 Wiener Neustadt (Austria); Schreiner, M. [Institute of Science and Technology in Art, Academy of Fine Arts, 1010 Vienna (Austria); Institute for Chemical Technologies and Analytics, Vienna University of Technology, 1060 Vienna (Austria)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

465

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Power Supply For All-Day True Wireless Mobile Computing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PolyFuel has developed state-of-the-art portable fuel cell technology for the portable computing market. A novel approach to passive water recycling within the MEA has led to significant system simplification and size reduction. Miniature stack technology with very high area utilization and minimalist seals has been developed. A highly integrated balance of plant with very low parasitic losses has been constructed around the new stack design. Demonstration prototype systems integrated with laptop computers have been shown in recent months to leading OEM computer manufacturers. PolyFuel intends to provide this technology to its customers as a reference design as a means of accelerating the commercialization of portable fuel cell technology. The primary goal of the project was to match the energy density of a commercial lithium ion battery for laptop computers. PolyFuel made large strides against this goal and has now demonstrated 270 Wh/liter compared with lithium ion energy densities of 300 Wh/liter. Further, more incremental, improvements in energy density are envisioned with an additional 20-30% gains possible in each of the next two years given further research and development.

Brian Wells

2008-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

466

Solid-State NMR Analysis of Excipients and Drug-Excipient Interactions in the Amorphous State  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of two major components: the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) and other ingredients known as excipients. The API typicaly does not posses the proper material characteristics such as flow and compresibility required for manufacturing tablets... present in crystaline solids does not exist. 1.3.1 The crystalline state In a crystaline solid, the molecules are aranged into a thre-dimensional latice having long-range order. The smalest building block of a crystal structure is the unit cel, which...

Sperger, Diana

2010-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

467

PROTEIN BIO-DOT (`SLOT BLOT') Adapted from existing protocols by Vinh Pham.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

milk 1 tablet in 2ml H20, store at ­20 deg. C) Tween-20 1X TBS PROCEDURE: Part I - Sample Preparation 1/atmosphere pressure. 10. Boil samples 10'. 11. Cool on ice ~2'. 12. Apply samples (use at least 200ul, but no more ­ Detection 1. Block membrane in 5% non-fat dry milk/0.1% Tween-20 in TBS for 1 hour at RT. 2. Wash 2X

Singer, Mitchell

468

Students' Perceptions of Food and Factors That Influence Purchasing Decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be accessed from your bed via smart phones, tablets, or computers while watching television, people are connected to media. Before the Internet boom, current news and information was found via newspapers and on television. Now, news is accessible twenty..., & Gardner, 2009). They make decisions based on personal experiences, what they learned in college, and information presented to them by the media. Since the majority of college students become independent after graduation and inherit students loans...

Smith, Lindsay Marie

2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

469

Possible applications of powerful pulsed CO{sub 2}-lasers in tokamak reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Applications of powerful pulsed CO{sub 2}-lasers for injection of fuel tablets or creation of a protective screen from the vapor of light elements to protect against the destruction of plasma-facing components are discussed, and the corresponding laser parameters are determined. The possibility of using CO{sub 2}-lasers in modeling the phenomena of powerful and energetic plasma fluxes interaction with a wall, as in the case of a plasma disruption, is considered.

Nastoyashchii, A.F.; Morozov, I.N. [Troitsk Inst. for Innovation and Fusion Research, Moscow (Russian Federation); Hassanein, A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Inspection Report "Personal Property Management at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory"  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (Livermore) is a premier research and development institution for science and technology supporting the core mission of national security. According to Livermore, as of November 2008 the Laboratory managed 64,933 items of Government personal property valued at about $1 billion. At the beginning of Fiscal Year 2008, Livermore reported 249 DOE property items valued at about $1.3 million that were missing, unaccounted for, or stolen during Fiscal Year 2007. Livermore centrally tracks property utilizing the Sunflower Assets system (Sunflower), which reflects the cradle to grave history of each property item. Changes in the custodianship and/or location of a property item must be timely reported by the custodian to the respective property center representative for updating in Sunflower. In Fiscal Year 2008, over 2,000 individuals were terminated as a result of workforce reduction at Livermore, of which about 750 received a final notification of termination on the same day that they were required to depart the facility. All of these terminations potentially necessitated updates to the property database, but the involuntary terminations had the potential to pose particular challenges because of the immediacy of individuals departures. The objective of our inspection was to evaluate the adequacy of Livermore's internal controls over Government property. Based upon the results of our preliminary field work, we particularly focused on personal property assigned to terminated individuals and stolen laptop computers. We concluded that Livermore's internal controls over property could be improved, which could help to reduce the number of missing, unaccounted for, or stolen property items. Specifically, we found that: (1) The location and/or custodian of approximately 18 percent of the property items in our sample, which was drawn from the property assigned to individuals terminated on short notice in 2008, was inaccurately reflected in Sunflower. The data in this system is relied upon for tracking purposes, so inaccurate entries could increase the probability of property not being located during inventories and, thus, being reported as 'lost' or 'missing'. We believe that providing formal training to property custodians, which was not being done at the time of our inspection, could help improve this situation. (2) Some property custodians were not adequately protecting their Government laptop computers when taking them offsite, and they were not held accountable for the subsequent theft of the laptops. We made several recommendations to management intended to improve property controls at Livermore.

None

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Amorphous Diamond MEMS and Sensors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a new microsystems technology for the creation of microsensors and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) using stress-free amorphous diamond (aD) films. Stress-free aD is a new material that has mechanical properties close to that of crystalline diamond, and the material is particularly promising for the development of high sensitivity microsensors and rugged and reliable MEMS. Some of the unique properties of aD include the ability to easily tailor film stress from compressive to slightly tensile, hardness and stiffness 80-90% that of crystalline diamond, very high wear resistance, a hydrophobic surface, extreme chemical inertness, chemical compatibility with silicon, controllable electrical conductivity from insulating to conducting, and biocompatibility. A variety of MEMS structures were fabricated from this material and evaluated. These structures included electrostatically-actuated comb drives, micro-tensile test structures, singly- and doubly-clamped beams, and friction and wear test structures. It was found that surface micromachined MEMS could be fabricated in this material easily and that the hydrophobic surface of the film enabled the release of structures without the need for special drying procedures or the use of applied hydrophobic coatings. Measurements using these structures revealed that aD has a Young's modulus of {approx}650 GPa, a tensile fracture strength of 8 GPa, and a fracture toughness of 8 MPa{center_dot}m {sup 1/2}. These results suggest that this material may be suitable in applications where stiction or wear is an issue. Flexural plate wave (FPW) microsensors were also fabricated from aD. These devices use membranes of aD as thin as {approx}100 nm. The performance of the aD FPW sensors was evaluated for the detection of volatile organic compounds using ethyl cellulose as the sensor coating. For comparable membrane thicknesses, the aD sensors showed better performance than silicon nitride based sensors. Greater than one order of magnitude increase in chemical sensitivity is expected through the use of ultra-thin aD membranes in the FPW sensor. The discoveries and development of the aD microsystems technology that were made in this project have led to new research projects in the areas of aD bioMEMS and aD radio frequency MEMS.

SULLIVAN, JOHN P.; FRIEDMANN, THOMAS A.; ASHBY, CAROL I.; DE BOER, MAARTEN P.; SCHUBERT, W. KENT; SHUL, RANDY J.; HOHLFELDER, ROBERT J.; LAVAN, D.A.

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

CloneCloud: Boosting Mobile Device Applications Through Cloud Clone Execution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mobile applications are becoming increasingly ubiquitous and provide ever richer functionality on mobile devices. At the same time, such devices often enjoy strong connectivity with more powerful machines ranging from laptops and desktops to commercial clouds. This paper presents the design and implementation of CloneCloud, a system that automatically transforms mobile applications to benefit from the cloud. The system is a flexible application partitioner and execution runtime that enables unmodified mobile applications running in an application-level virtual machine to seamlessly off-load part of their execution from mobile devices onto device clones operating in a computational cloud. CloneCloud uses a combination of static analysis and dynamic profiling to optimally and automatically partition an application so that it migrates, executes in the cloud, and re-integrates computation in a fine-grained manner that makes efficient use of resources. Our evaluation shows that CloneCloud can achieve up to 21.2x s...

Chun, Byung-Gon; Maniatis, Petros; Naik, Mayur

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Rechargeable lithium battery for use in applications requiring a low to high power output  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Rechargeable lithium batteries which employ characteristics of thin-film batteries can be used to satisfy power requirements within a relatively broad range. Thin-film battery cells utilizing a film of anode material, a film of cathode material and an electrolyte of an amorphorus lithium phosphorus oxynitride can be connected in series or parallel relationship for the purpose of withdrawing electrical power simultaneously from the cells. In addition, such battery cells which employ a lithium intercalation compound as its cathode material can be connected in a manner suitable for supplying power for the operation of an electric vehicle. Still further, by incorporating within the battery cell a relatively thick cathode of a lithium intercalation compound, a relatively thick anode of lithium and an electrolyte film of lithium phosphorus oxynitride, the battery cell is rendered capable of supplying power for any of a number of consumer products, such as a laptop computer or a cellular telephone.

Bates, John B. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Rechargeable lithium battery for use in applications requiring a low to high power output  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Rechargeable lithium batteries which employ characteristics of thin-film batteries can be used to satisfy power requirements within a relatively broad range. Thin-film battery cells utilizing a film of anode material, a film of cathode material and an electrolyte of an amorphous lithium phosphorus oxynitride can be connected in series or parallel relationship for the purpose of withdrawing electrical power simultaneously from the cells. In addition, such battery cells which employ a lithium intercalation compound as its cathode material can be connected in a manner suitable for supplying power for the operation of an electric vehicle. Still further, by incorporating within the battery cell a relatively thick cathode of a lithium intercalation compound, a relatively thick anode of lithium and an electrolyte film of lithium phosphorus oxynitride, the battery cell is rendered capable of supplying power for any of a number of consumer products, such as a laptop computer or a cellular telephone.

Bates, John B. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Exide eyeing technology for high-powered battery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Exide Corp. said recently it may soon produce a graphite battery with more than three times the power of today's most advanced production batteries--but with half their weight, far smaller size, and only a third the cost. The Reading-based Exide, the world's largest maker of lead-acid batteries, said it has preliminarily agreed to pay $20 million for a controlling interest in Lion Compact Energy, a privately held company that's researching dual-graphite battery technology said to be cleaner cheaper and more efficient. Exide hopes to turn the technology into the products; it said initial applications include smaller battery-operated devices such as cell phones, cameras, laptop computers, power tools and certain military equipment. Larger devices would follow, and could include wheel chairs, motorcycles, replacement for lead-acid batteries in cars and trucks and, potentially, all-electric vehicles.

NONE

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Demonstration of SCADA system to Manage Oilfield Pump Off Controllers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PC-based SCADA systems are today widely accepted by the oil and gas industry, thanks to the increased power and capabilities of PCs, their reduced costs, and the wider use of PCs by energy companies in office and field operations. More and more field operators are using laptops in their daily work duties. This has made the PC the choice for field SCADA systems, and for making SCADA data available throughout company operations. As PCs have become more powerful, it has allowed SCADA software developers to add more capabilities to their systems. SCADA systems have become tools that now help field operators perform their jobs more efficiently, facilitate in optimizing producing wells, provide an active interface for monitoring and controlling plants and compressors, and provide real-time and historical well data to engineers to help them develop strategies for optimizing field operations.

Newquist, Dan

2000-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

477

Sapovirus Translation Requires an Interaction Between VPg and the Cap Binding Protein eIF4E  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

protein production was performed in an autoinducible ZYP 153" media containing antibiotics, and cultured for 2 d at 37°C with shaking. Cell 154" pellets from the bacterial culture were resuspended in a lysis buffer containing 20 155" mM Tris-HCl pH 7... .5 and 500 mM NaCl, and one tablet of EDTA-free protease 156" inhibitor (Roche). Following resuspension, the pellets were digested and 157" sonicated. The lysates were collected and loaded onto a 5 mL HisTRAP HP 158" column (GE Healthcare) and His-tagged VPg...

Hosmillo, Myra; Chaudhry, Yasmin; Kim, Deok-Song; Goodfellow, Ian; Cho, Kyoung-Oh

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

478

Collaboration Leads to State-of-the-Art Energy Auditing Tool: Project Highlights (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes the tablet-based simuwatt Audit tool, which uses NREL's advanced energy modeling framework and building energy audit processes, collaboration tools, in-app media, and private company concept3D's geometric capture software combined with real-time connections to large sets of standardized data to perform building energy audits faster than traditional methods. By integrating the NREL Building Component Library, utility rates, weather information, and energy conservation measures, the tool provides investment-grade audits that cost 75% less than traditional audits and stores the data in a consistent and reusable format.

Not Available

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing ReservoirsYear-MonthCoalbedPricethe1.PDF7.PDF TableTABLE6.PDF

480

Petroleum Supply Annual 1997, Volume 1  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30 2013 Macroeconomicper8,170 8,3106.PDF Table 16.9.PDF TableTABLE9.PDF

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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481

Petroleum Supply Annual 1998, Volume 2  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30 2013 Macroeconomicper8,170 8,3106.PDF Table 16.9.PDF TableTABLE9.PDF8,

482

Petroleum Supply Annual 2004 Volume 1  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30 2013 Macroeconomicper8,170 8,3106.PDF Table 16.9.PDF TableTABLE9.PDF8,04)/1

483

Electronic Out-fall Inspection Application - 12007  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In early 2009 an exciting opportunity was presented to the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) team at the Savannah River Site (SRS). The SRS maintenance group was directed to maintain all Out-falls on Site, increasing their workload from 75 to 183 out-falls with no additional resources. The existing out-fall inspection system consisted of inspections performed manually and documented via paper trail. The inspections were closed out upon completion of activities and placed in file cabinets with no central location for tracking/trending maintenance activities. A platform for meeting new improvements required for documentation by the Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) out-fall permits was needed to replace this current system that had been in place since the 1980's. This was accomplished by building a geographically aware electronic application that improved reliability of site out-fall maintenance and ensured consistent standards were maintained for environmental excellence and worker efficiency. Inspections are now performed via tablet and uploaded to a central point. Work orders are completed and closed either in the field using tablets (mobile application) or in their offices (via web portal) using PCs. And finally completed work orders are now stored in a central database allowing trending of maintenance activities. (authors)

Weymouth, A Kent III; Pham, Minh; Messick, Chuck [Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, Aiken, South Carolina 29808 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Gas atomized precursor alloy powder for oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic stainless steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gas atomization reaction synthesis (GARS) was employed as a simplified method for producing precursor powders for oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic stainless steels (e.g., Fe-Cr-Y-(Ti,Hf)-O), departing from the conventional mechanical alloying (MA) process. During GARS processing a reactive atomization gas (i.e., Ar-O{sub 2}) was used to oxidize the powder surfaces during primary break-up and rapid solidification of the molten alloy. This resulted in envelopment of the powders by an ultra-thin (t < 150 nm) metastable Cr-enriched oxide layer that was used as a vehicle for solid-state transport of O into the consolidated microstructure. In an attempt to better understand the kinetics of this GARS reaction, theoretical cooling curves for the atomized droplets were calculated and used to establish an oxidation model for this process. Subsequent elevated temperature heat treatments, which were derived from Rhines pack measurements using an internal oxidation model, were used to promote thermodynamically driven O exchange reactions between trapped films of the initial Cr-enriched surface oxide and internal Y-enriched intermetallic precipitates. This novel microstructural evolution process resulted in the successful formation of nano-metric Y-enriched dispersoids, as confirmed using high energy X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), equivalent to conventional ODS alloys from MA powders. The thermal stability of these Y-enriched dispersoids was evaluated using high temperature (1200°C) annealing treatments ranging from 2.5 to 1,000 hrs of exposure. In a further departure from current ODS practice, replacing Ti with additions of Hf appeared to improve the Y-enriched dispersoid thermal stability by means of crystal structure modification. Additionally, the spatial distribution of the dispersoids was found to depend strongly on the original rapidly solidified microstructure. To exploit this, ODS microstructures were engineered from different powder particle size ranges, illustrating microstructural control as a function of particle solidification rate. The consolidation of ultra-fine powders (dia. ? 5?m) resulted in a significant reduction in dispersoid size and spacing, consistent with initial scanning electron microscopy studies on as-atomized cross-sectioned particles that suggested that these powders solidified above the threshold velocity to effectively solute trap Y within the ?-(Fe,Cr) matrix. Interestingly, when the solidification velocity as a function of particle size was extracted from the aforementioned theoretical particle cooling curves, it could be offered as supporting evidence for these microstructure observations. Thermal-mechanical treatments also were used to create and evaluate the stability of a dislocation substructure within these alloys, using microhardness and TEM analysis of the alloy sub-grain and grain structure. Moreover, elevated temperature tensile tests up to 800°C were used to assess the initial mechanical strength of the ODS microstructure.

Rieken, Joel

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

485

Electrochemical Hydrogen Compressor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electrochemical Hydrogen Compressor EHC was evaluated against DOE applications for compressing hydrogen at automobile filling stations, in future hydrogen pipelines and as a commercial replacement for conventional diaphragm hydrogen compressors. It was also evaluated as a modular replacement for the compressors used in petrochemical refineries. If the EHC can be made inexpensive, reliable and long lived then it can satisfy all these applications save pipelines where the requirements for platinum catalyst exceeds the annual world production. The research performed did not completely investigate Molybdenum as a hydrogen anode or cathode, it did show that photoetched 316 stainless steel is inadequate for an EHC. It also showed that: molybdenum bipolar plates, photochemical etching processes, and Gortex Teflon seals are too costly for a commercial EHC. The use of carbon paper in combination with a perforated thin metal electrode demonstrated adequate anode support strength, but is suspect in promoting galvanic corrosion. The nature of the corrosion mechanisms are not well understood, but locally high potentials within the unit cell package are probably involved. The program produced a design with an extraordinary high cell pitch, and a very low part count. This is one of the promising aspects of the redesigned EHC. The development and successful demonstration of the hydraulic cathode is also important. The problem of corrosion resistant metal bipolar plates is vital to the development of an inexpensive, commercial PEM fuel cell. Our research suggests that there is more to the corrosion process in fuel cells and electrochemical compressors than simple, steady state, galvanic stability. It is an important area for scientific investigation. The experiments and analysis conducted lead to several recommended future research directions. First, we need a better understanding of the corrosion mechanisms involved. The diagnosis of experimental cells with titration to determine the loss of membrane active sites is recommended. We suspect that the corrosion includes more than simple galvanic mechanisms. The mechanisms involved in this phenomenon are poorly understood. Shunt currents at hydraulic cathode ports were problematic, but are not difficult to cure. In addition to corrosion there is evidence of high component resistivity. This may be due to the deposition of organic compounds, which may be produced electrochemically on the surface of the metal support screens that contact carbon gas diffusion layers (GDLs) or catalyst supports. An investigation of possible electro-organic sythesis mechanisms with emphasis on oxalates formation is warranted. The contaminated cell parts can be placed in an oxidizing atmosphere at high temperature and the weight loss can be observed. This would reveal the existence of organic compounds. Investigation into the effects of conductivity enhancers such as carbon microlayers on supporting carbon paper is also needed. Corrosion solutions should be investigated such as surface passivation of 316 SS parts using nitric acid. Ultra thin silane/siloxane polymer coatings should be tried. These may be especially useful in conjunction with metal felt replacement of carbon paper. A simple cure for the very high, localized corrosion of the anode might be to diffusion bond the metal electrode support screen to bipolar plate. This will insure uniform resistance perpendicular to the plane of the cell and eliminate some of the dependence of the resistance on high stack compression. Alternative materials should be explored. Alternatives to carbon in the cell may be helpful in any context. In particular, alternatives to carbon paper GDLs such as metal felts and alternatives to carbon supports for Pt such as TiC and TiB2 might also be worthwhile and would be helpful to fuel cells as well. Some alternative to the metals we used in the cell, Mo and 316 SS, are potentially useful. These include Al/Mg/Si alloys. Corrosion resistant materials such as Nb and Mo might prove useful as cladding materials that can be hot stamp

David P. Bloomfield; Brian S. MacKenzie

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Development of Low-Cost Manufacturing Processes for Planar, Multilayer Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Elements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of Phase II of this program, 'Low-Cost Manufacturing Of Multilayer Ceramic Fuel Cells'. The objective of the program is to develop advanced ceramic manufacturing technologies for making planar solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) components that are more economical and reliable for a variety of applications. Phase II development work focused on three distinct manufacturing approaches (or tracks) for planar solid oxide fuel cell elements. Two development tracks, led by NexTech Materials and Oak Ridge National Laboratory, involved co-sintering of planar SOFC elements of cathode-supported and anode-supported variations. A third development track, led by the University of Missouri-Rolla, focused on a revolutionary approach for reducing operating temperature of SOFCs by using spin-coating to deposit ultra-thin, nano-crystalline YSZ electrolyte films. The work in Phase II was supported by characterization work at Ohio State University. The primary technical accomplishments within each of the three development tracks are summarized. Track 1--NexTech's targeted manufacturing process for planar SOFC elements involves tape casting of porous electrode substrates, colloidal-spray deposition of YSZ electrolyte films, co-sintering of bi-layer elements, and screen printing of opposite electrode coatings. The bulk of NexTech's work focused on making cathode-supported elements, although the processes developed at NexTech also were applied to the fabrication of anode-supported cells. Primary accomplishments within this track are summarized below: (1) Scale up of lanthanum strontium manganite (LSM) cathode powder production process; (2) Development and scale-up of tape casting methods for cathode and anode substrates; (3) Development of automated ultrasonic-spray process for depositing YSZ films; (4) Successful co-sintering of flat bi-layer elements (both cathode and anode supported); (5) Development of anode and cathode screen-printing processes; and (6) Demonstration of novel processes for composite cathode and cermet anode materials. Track 2--ORNL's development work focused solely on making anode-supported planar cells by tape casting of a porous anode substrate, screen printing of a YSZ electrolyte film, co-sintering of the bi-layer element, and screen-printing of an opposite cathode coating. Primary accomplishments within this track are summarized below: (1) Development and scale-up of anode tape casting and lamination processes; (2) Development of proprietary ink vehicle for screen-printing processes; (3) Development of screen-printing process for depositing YSZ films; (4) Successful co-sintering of flat bi-layer anode-supported elements; and (5) Development of cathode screen-printing process. Track 3--UMR's process development work involved fabrication of a micro-porous cathode substrate, deposition of a nano-porous interlayer film, deposition of nano-crystalline YSZ electrolyte films from polymeric precursor solutions, and deposition of an anode coating. Primary accomplishments within this track are summarized below: (1) Development and scale up of tape casting and sintering methods for cathode substrates; (2) Deposition of nano-porous ceria interlayer films on cathode substrates; (3) Successful deposition of dense YSZ films on porous cathode substrates; and (4) Identification of several anode material options.

Scott Swartz; Matthew Seabaugh; William Dawson; Tim Armstrong; Harlan Anderson; John Lannutti

2001-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

487

Cancer and birth defects surveillance system for communities around the Savannah River Site: Phase 2 -- Birth defects. Technical progress report, year 01  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River Region Health Information System Birth Defects Registry (SRRHIS-BDR) began on September 30, 1994. As with the SRRHIS Cancer Registry, surveillance of the 12 Georgia counties was subcontracted to Emory University School of Public Health. Collaborative efforts between the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) and Emory University staffs have been characterized by warm relationships and commitment to developing a state of the art registry. As a result of early planning efforts, the authors were able to actually activate the data collection. As of the end of September 1995, partial data from the 1994 birth cohort and up-to-date data for the 1995 birth cohort had been collected on the South Carolina side. The Georgia Staff started later and have not yet caught up to the 1994 level. South Carolina was able to start earlier because they were fortunate to quickly recruit an abstractor. Also, by the end of the first year, an innovative automated data entry system for laptop computers was developed by the computer staff to facilitate and improve data collection.

Dunbar, J.B.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

INSTRUMENTATION FOR SURVEYING ACOUSTIC SIGNALS IN NATURAL GAS TRANSMISSION LINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the U.S. natural gas is distributed through more than one million miles of high-pressure transmission pipelines. If all leaks and infringements could be detected quickly, it would enhance safety and U.S. energy security. Only low frequency acoustic waves appear to be detectable over distances up to 60 km where pipeline shut-off valves provide access to the inside of the pipeline. This paper describes a Portable Acoustic Monitoring Package (PAMP) developed to record and identify acoustic signals characteristic of: leaks, pump noise, valve and flow metering noise, third party infringement, manual pipeline water and gas blow-off, etc. This PAMP consists of a stainless steel 1/2 inch NPT plumbing tree rated for use on 1000 psi pipelines. Its instrumentation is designed to measure acoustic waves over the entire frequency range from zero to 16,000 Hz by means of four instruments: (1) microphone, (2) 3-inch water full range differential pressure transducer with 0.1% of range sensitivity, (3) a novel 3 inch to 100 inch water range amplifier, using an accumulator with needle valve and (4) a line-pressure transducer. The weight of the PAMP complete with all accessories is 36 pounds. This includes a remote control battery/switch box assembly on a 25-foot extension chord, a laptop data acquisition computer on a field table and a sun shield.

John L. Loth; Gary J. Morris; George M. Palmer; Richard Guiler; Deepak Mehra

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Integrated Power Adapter: Isolated Converter with Integrated Passives and Low Material Stress  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ADEPT Project: CPES at Virginia Tech is developing an extremely efficient power converter that could be used in power adapters for small, lightweight laptops and other types of mobile electronic devices. Power adapters convert electrical energy into useable power for an electronic device, and they currently waste a lot of energy when they are plugged into an outlet to power up. CPES at Virginia Tech is integrating high-density capacitors, new magnetic materials, high-frequency integrated circuits, and a constant-flux transformer to create its efficient power converter. The high-density capacitors enable the power adapter to store more energy. The new magnetic materials also increase energy storage, and they can be precisely dispensed using a low-cost ink-jet printer which keeps costs down. The high-frequency integrated circuits can handle more power, and they can handle it more efficiently. And, the constant-flux transformer processes a consistent flow of electrical current, which makes the converter more efficient.

None

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Sesame: Self-Constructive Energy Modeling for Battery-Powered Mobile Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

System energy models are important for energy opti-mization and management in mobile systems. However, existing system energy models are built in lab with the help from a second computer. Not only are they labor-intensive; but also they will not adequately account for the great diversity in the hardware and usage of mobile systems. Moreover, existing system energy models are intended for energy estimation for time intervals of one second or longer; they do not provide the required rate for fine-grain use such as per-application energy accounting. In this work, we study a self-modeling paradigm in which a mobile system automatically generates its energy model without any external assistance. Our solution, Se-same, leverages the possibility of self power measurement through the smart battery interface and employs a suite of novel techniques to achieve accuracy and rate much higher than that of the smart battery interface. We report the implementation and evaluation of Se-same on a laptop and a smartphone. The e...

Dong, Mian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Compact, Low-Profile Power Converters: Highly-Laminated, High-Saturation-Flux-Density, Magnetic Cores for On-Chip Inductors in Power Converter Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ADEPT Project: Georgia Tech is creating compact, low-profile power adapters and power bricks using materials and tools adapted from other industries and from grid-scale power applications. Adapters and bricks convert electrical energy into useable power for many types of electronic devices, including laptop computers and mobile phones. These converters are often called wall warts because they are big, bulky, and sometimes cover up an adjacent wall socket that could be used to power another electronic device. The magnetic components traditionally used to make adapters and bricks have reached their limits; they can't be made any smaller without sacrificing performance. Georgia Tech is taking a cue from grid-scale power converters that use iron alloys as magnetic cores. These low-cost alloys can handle more power than other materials, but the iron must be stacked in insulated plates to maximize energy efficiency. In order to create compact, low-profile power adapters and bricks, these stacked iron plates must be extremely thin-only hundreds of nanometers in thickness, in fact. To make plates this thin, Georgia Tech is using manufacturing tools used in microelectromechanics and other small-scale industries.

None

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

ParCAT: Parallel Climate Analysis Toolkit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Climate science is employing increasingly complex models and simulations to analyze the past and predict the future of Earth s climate. This growth in complexity is creating a widening gap between the data being produced and the ability to analyze the datasets. Parallel computing tools are necessary to analyze, compare, and interpret the simulation data. The Parallel Climate Analysis Toolkit (ParCAT) provides basic tools to efficiently use parallel computing techniques to make analysis of these datasets manageable. The toolkit provides the ability to compute spatio-temporal means, differences between runs or differences between averages of runs, and histograms of the values in a data set. ParCAT is implemented as a command-line utility written in C. This allows for easy integration in other tools and allows for use in scripts. This also makes it possible to run ParCAT on many platforms from laptops to supercomputers. ParCAT outputs NetCDF files so it is compatible with existing utilities such as Panoply and UV-CDAT. This paper describes ParCAT and presents results from some example runs on the Titan system at ORNL.

Smith, Brian E [ORNL; Steed, Chad A [ORNL; Shipman, Galen M [ORNL; Ricciuto, Daniel M [ORNL; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Wehner, Michael [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Williams, Dean N. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Fuel cell systems for personal and portable power applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fuel cells are devices that electrochemically convert fuel, usually hydrogen gas, to directly produce electricity. Fuel cells were initially developed for use in the space program to provide electricity and drinking water for astronauts. Fuel cells are under development for use in the automobile industry to power cars and buses with the advantage of lower emissions and higher efficiency than internal combustion engines. Fuel cells also have great potential to be used in portable consumer products like cellular phones and laptop computers, as well as military applications. In fact, any products that use batteries can be powered by fuel cells. In this project, we examine fuel cell system trade-offs between fuel cell type and energy storage/hydrogen production for portable power generation. The types of fuel cells being examined include stored hydrogen PEM (polymer electrolyte), direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC) and indirect methanol fuel cells, where methanol is reformed producing hydrogen. These fuel cells systems can operate at or near ambient conditions, which make them potentially optimal for use in manned personal power applications. The expected power production for these systems is in the range of milliwatts to 500 watts of electrical power for either personal or soldier field use. The fuel cell system trade-offs examine hydrogen storage by metal hydrides, carbon nanotubes, and compressed hydrogen tanks. We examine the weights each system, volume, fuel storage, system costs, system peripherals, power output, and fuel cell feasibility in portable devices.

Fateen, S. A. (Shaheerah A.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Gauge field, strings, solitons, anomalies and the speed of life  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It's been said that "mathematics is biology's next microscope, only better; biology is mathematics' next physics, only better". Here we aim for something even better. We try to combine mathematical physics and biology into a picoscope of life. For this we merge techniques which have been introduced and developed in modern mathematical physics, largely by Ludvig Faddeev to describe objects such as solitons and Higgs and to explain phenomena such as anomalies in gauge fields. We propose a synthesis that can help to resolve the protein folding problem, one of the most important conundrums in all of science. We apply the concept of gauge invariance to scrutinize the extrinsic geometry of strings in three dimensional space. We evoke general principles of symmetry in combination with Wilsonian universality and derive an essentially unique Landau-Ginzburg energy that describes the dynamics of a generic string-like configuration in the far infrared. We observe that the energy supports topological solitons, that pertain to an anomaly in the manner how a string is framed around its inflection points. We explain how the solitons operate as modular building blocks from which folded proteins are composed. We describe crystallographic protein structures by multi-solitons with experimental precision, and investigate the non-equilibrium dynamics of proteins under varying temperature. We simulate the folding process of a protein at in vivo speed and with close to pico-scale accuracy using a standard laptop computer: With pico-biology as mathematical physics' next pursuit, things can only get better.

Antti J. Niemi

2014-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

495

Robust and economical multi-sample, multi-wavelength UV/vis absorption and fluorescence detector for biological and chemical contamination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a portable multi-channel, multi-sample UV/vis absorption and fluorescence detection device, which has no moving parts, can operate wirelessly and on batteries, interfaces with smart mobile phones or tablets, and has the sensitivity of commercial instruments costing an order of magnitude more. We use UV absorption to measure the concentration of ethylene glycol in water solutions at all levels above those deemed unsafe by the United States Food and Drug Administration; in addition we use fluorescence to measure the concentration of d-glucose. Both wavelengths can be used concurrently to increase measurement robustness and increase detection sensitivity. Our small robust economical device can be deployed in the absence of laboratory infrastructure, and therefore may find applications immediately following natural disasters, and in more general deployment for much broader-based testing of food, agricultural and household products to prevent outbreaks of poisoning and disease.

Lu, Peter J; Macarthur, James B; Sims, Peter A; Ma, Hongshen; Slocum, Alexander H

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Feasibility Study of Implementing a Mobile Collaborative Information Platform for International Safeguards Inspections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In response to the growing pervasiveness of mobile technologies such as tablets and smartphones, the International Atomic Energy Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratories have been exploring the potential use of these platforms for international safeguards activities. Specifically of interest are information systems (software, and accompanying servers and architecture) deployed on mobile devices to increase the situational awareness and productivity of an IAEA safeguards inspector in the field, while simultaneously reducing paperwork and pack weight of safeguards equipment. Exploratory development in this area has been met with skepticism regarding the ability to overcome technology deployment challenges for IAEA safeguards equipment. This report documents research conducted to identify potential challenges for the deployment of a mobile collaborative information system to the IAEA, and proposes strategies to mitigate those challenges.

Gastelum, Zoe N.; Gitau, Ernest TN; Doehle, Joel R.; Toomey, Christopher M.

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

497

Technology-Enabled Nurturing of Creativity and Innovation: A Specific Illustration from an Undergraduate Engineering Physics Course  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There is general agreement that creativity and innovation are desirable traits in the toolbox of 21\\textsuperscript{st} century engineers, as well as in the future workforce in general. However, there is a dearth of exemplars, pedagogical models, or best practices to be implemented in undergraduate engineering education to develop and nurture those talents. In this paper, we use a specific example of a classroom activity from a course designed to help bridge the transition from learning the fundamental principles of engineering physics in introductory courses to being able to creatively and innovatively apply them in more advanced settings, such as senior capstone projects and on-the-job challenges in the future workplace. Application of techniques for generating and evaluating ideas are described. To enhance the benefits of group creativity and facilitate real-time electronic brainstorming in the classroom, we use InkSurvey with pen-enabled mobile computing devices (iPads, tablet PCs, Android devices, etc.)....

Kowalski, F V; Kohl, P B; Kuo, V H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Catalytic autothermal reforming increases fuel cell flexibility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To give a better understanding of autothermal reforming (ATR), a process which offers an advantageous alternative to steam reforming for H/sub 2/ production for fuel cells because of the wider range of fuels which can be converted, the conversion of individual fuel components was studied. Attempts have been made to characterize the chemical reactions of light and heavy paraffins and aromatics in ATR. Results of studies to determine the effects of operating parameters on the carbon-forming tendency of each hydrocarbon type are reported. The catalyst used for the ATR process was three-layers of supported nickel catalysts, Norton NC-100 spheres in the top zone, cylindrical G-56B tablets in the bottom one, and either ICI 46-I or ICI 46-4 Raschig rings in the middle zone. A summary of the experimental studies of the ATR of n-hexane, n-tetradecane, benzene, and benzene solutions of naphthalene is presented. (BLM)

Flytzani-Stephanopoulos, M.; Voecks, G.E.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

The Effect of Student Learning Styles on the Learning Gains Achieved When Interactive Simulations Are Coupled with Real-Time Formative Assessment via Pen-Enabled Mobile Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes results from a project in an undergraduate engineering physics course that coupled classroom use of interactive computer simulations with the collection of real-time formative assessment using pen-enabled mobile technology. Interactive simulations (free or textbook-based) are widely used across the undergraduate science and engineering curriculia to help actively engaged students increase their understanding of abstract concepts or phenomena which are not directly or easily observable. However, there are indications in the literature that we do not yet know the pedagogical best practices associated with their use to maximize learning. This project couples student use of interactive simulations with the gathering of real-time formative assessment via pen-enabled mobile technology (in this case, Tablet PCs). The research question addressed in this paper is: are learning gains achieved with this coupled model greater for certain types of learners in undergraduate STEM classrooms? To answer t...

Kowalski, F V

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Simultaneous Equation Correspondence to Author:  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A simple, rapid, accurate, precise, specific and economical spectrophotometric method for simultaneous estimation of Gliclazide (GLC) and Metformin hydrochloride (MET) in combined tablet dosage form has been developed. It employs formation and solving of simultaneous equation using two wavelengths 227.0 nm and 237.5 nm. This method obeys Beer’s law in the employed concentration ranges of 5-25 ?g/ml and 2.5-12.5 ?g/ml for Gliclazide and Metformin hydrochloride, respectively. Results of analysis were validated statistically and by recovery studies. INTRODUCTION: Metformin hydrochloride (N, N-dimethylimidodicarbonimidic diamide hydrochloride or 1, 1-dimethyl biguanide hydrochloride) is oral antihyperglycemic drugs used in the management of type 2 diabetes 1,2. It is an antihyperglycemic agent,

Ketan P. Dadhania; Parthika A. Nadpara; Yadvendra K. Agrawal; Ketan P. Dadhania