National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for ug uganda pg

  1. Uganda: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country Profile Name Uganda Population Unavailable GDP Unavailable Energy Consumption 0.04 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code UG 3-letter ISO code UGA Numeric ISO...

  2. Distinguished Student Awards Paul Asare Agyapong, NEN-3, UGS, Technical

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Distinguished Student Awards Paul Asare Agyapong, NEN-3, UGS, Technical Ty Brooks, C-IIAC, UGS, Technical Amy Jordan, EES-16, GRA, Technical Heather Hughes, IRM-CAS, GRA, Administrative Alison Tamasi, C-NR, GRA, Technical Andrea Vargas, ITPMO, GRA, Administrative Naomi Wasserman, EES-14, UGS, Technical Distinguished Mentor Awards Joysree Aubrey, IAT-DO Alina Deshpande, DSA-3 Andrew Nelson, MST-7 Robert Robey, XCP-2 Information Technology Cody Jackson, "Evaluating Cyber Security Policies

  3. Solar Energy for Uganda Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Uganda Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solar Energy for Uganda Ltd Place: Entebbe, Uganda Sector: Solar Product: The company assembles, distributes and installs of solar...

  4. PG&E- California Advanced Homes Incentives

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) offers an incentive for home builders to build homes which exceed 2008 Title 24 standards by 15%. The program is open to all single-family and multi-family new...

  5. PG&E Trading-Power

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    7-A I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C. §824a(e)). On February 25, 1998, the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) of the Department of Energy (DOE) authorized PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P.(PGET-Power) to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico as a power marketer using the international electric transmission facilities of San Diego

  6. PG to Glycerin - Lessons Learned on Antifreeze System Conversions...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    PG to Glycerin - Lessons Learned on Antifreeze System Conversions at Y-12 PG to Glycerin - Lessons Learned on Antifreeze System Conversions at Y-12 May 5, 2015 Presenter: Jacob...

  7. Uganda-UNDP Territorial Approach to Climate Change (TACC) in...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    UNDP Territorial Approach to Climate Change (TACC) in Eastern Uganda Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP Territorial Approach to Climate Change (TACC) in Eastern Uganda Agency...

  8. Uganda-African Climate Change Resilience Alliance | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    African Climate Change Resilience Alliance Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Uganda-African Climate Change Resilience Alliance Name Uganda-African Climate Change Resilience...

  9. Uganda-REEEP Energy Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Southern A Microfinancing the uptake of modern cookstoves in Uganda Promotion of Solar Water Heating in Uganda References "REEEP project database" Retrieved from "http:...

  10. Uganda-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Uganda-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Name Uganda-Developing Energy Enterprises Project...

  11. liquefaction applications Prakash, A.; Bendale, P.G. 01 COAL...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    reactor costs for indirect liquefaction applications Prakash, A.; Bendale, P.G. 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; CHEMICAL REACTORS; COST; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; METHANOL;...

  12. Report for WIPP UG Sample #3, R15C5 (9/3/14)

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    15 L L N L - X X X X - X X X X X Report for WIPP UG Sample #3, R15C5 (9/3/14) Forensic Science Center January 28, 2015 Report for WIPP UG Sample #3, R15C5 (9/3/14) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ii Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC, nor any of their employees makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal

  13. Uganda-National Adaptation Programme of Action | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Background analysis Website http:unfccc.intresourcedoc Country Uganda Eastern Africa References Uganda-NAPA1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding...

  14. PG&E (Gas)- Non-Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) offers rebates and other incentives to non-residential natural gas customers to increase energy efficiency. Natural gas equipment eligible for...

  15. PG&E (Gas)- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) offers rebates for residential gas customers who install energy efficient furnaces or water heaters in homes. More information and applications for...

  16. PG&E Plans for 500 MW of PV

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PG&E has developed a plan to install 500 MW of PV by the year 2015. The plan calls for 250 MW to be acquired through Power Purchase Agreements (PPA) and the other 250 MW to be purchased and owned by the utility. PG&E presented the plan at a public forum on April 27, 2009. A copy of the power point presentation is attached.

  17. Microsoft Word - PG470227_Rev 7_Final.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1223P Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Materials Sustainability & Pollution Prevention Program Plan New Mexico Site PG470227, Revision 7 Sandia National Laboratories New Mexico MSP2 Program Plan PG470227 February 2013 Rev 7

  18. Microsoft Word - gra-ugs-program-travel-regs-tr9003.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    No: CFO-TR9003 Revision: 2 Issued: 1/27/14 Effective Date: 1/27/14 Required Review Date: 1/27/16 LANL CFO-TR9003 1 of 7 GRA and UGS Program Travel Table o f C ontents 1.0 Purpose ........................................................................................................................................ 2 2.0 Authority and Applicability ............................................................................................................ 2 2.1 Authority

  19. Ea-168-A PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Order authorizing PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P to export electric energy to Canada. Ea-168-A PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P More Documents & Publications EA-168 PG&E Energy...

  20. PG&E WaveConnect Program Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brendan P. Dooher; Edward Cheslak; Robert Booth; Doug Davy; Annette Faraglia; Ian Caliendo; Gina Morimoto; Douglas Herman

    2011-12-01

    The PG&E WaveConnect project was intended to demonstrate the technical and economic viability of wave power in the open ocean adjacent to PG&E's service territory. WaveConnect was conceived as a multi-stage development process leading to long-term megawatt-scale wave power production. The first-stage tasks consisted of site selection, permitting, pilot plant design, and assessment of technology and commercial readiness. The second stage would have included development of infrastructure, undersea cabling, and deployment of wave energy conversion devices (WECs). In the third stage, the most promising WEC devices would have been deployed in larger quantities and connected to the grid. This report documents the findings of Stage One. Site Selection: After studying the wave energy potential, grid interconnection and other project infrastructure along the California coast, PG&E selected two sites: one near Eureka, called the Humboldt WaveConnect (HWC) project, and another near Vandenberg Air Force Base, called the Central Coast WaveConnect project (CCWC). Permitting: FERC issued PG&E preliminary permits for HWC in 2008 and for CCWC in 2010. PG&E chose to use FERC's Pilot Project Licensing Process, which was intended to streamline licensing to allow relatively quick and easy installation, operation, and environmental testing for pilot projects. Permitting, however, proved to be complicated, time-consuming and expensive, mainly because of the uncertain impacts of WEC devices. PG&E learned that even under the PPLP the project would still require a full analysis under CEQA, including an EIR, as well as Monitoring and Adaptive Management Programs and other requirements that had significant cost and scheduling implications. A majority of efforts were expended on permitting activities. Pilot Plant Design: PG&E prepared a conceptual design for a 5-MW pilot test facility at the Humboldt site, which consisted of an off-shore deployment area where WECs of different designs and from different device manufacturers could be tested. PG&E was to provide permitting, subsea cables, and on-shore facilities necessary to connect WaveConnect to an existing PG&E substation, while the WEC manufacturers would provide, operate and maintain their devices during the test period. Technology and Commercial Readiness: PG&E issued a Request for Information to the wave power industry to assess the technical and commercial capabilities of WEC manufacturers. Sixteen manufacturers responded, representing the four best-known and most mature designs. PG&E found that WECs are early-stage devices with evolving designs and little real-world operating experience. These characteristics made environmental impacts difficult to assess, which complicated permitting efforts. It also made a megawatt-scale demonstration project difficult to support because early stage WECs are costly and have limited track records for performance and reliability. Results: PG&E withdrew its FERC DPLA for HWC in November 2010 and surrendered its preliminary permit for CCWC in May 2011, effectively discontinuing the project for the following combination of reasons: Permitting issues were much more challenging than originally anticipated. Stage One project funding of $6 million proved insufficient to complete the necessary development and permitting work. During Stage One development, PG&E determined that permitting costs would be $2 million to $5 million greater than originally budgeted. The cost of developing a five-year, 5-MW pilot project at Humboldt Bay is much greater than the $15 million to $20 million originally estimated. Even assuming that vendors provide WEC devices at no cost to the utility, which was the proposed strategy with WaveConnect, PG&E concluded that a pilot project comparable to HWC would cost approximately $47 million. If WEC devices were purchased for such a project, its total cost would be on the order of $90 million. It is unclear when or if wave power will become competitive with renewable energy alternatives. Significant additional investment in design, testing and demonstration will be needed to improve designs and reduce costs. Using a vendor-provided installed cost goal of $2500/kW for mature WECs in five to 10 years, PG&E concluded that their LCOE would be in the range of $175-$250/MWh, which is not competitive with current or near-term renewable alternatives such as wind or solar photovoltaics. Although PG&E discontinued the project and no WEC devices were deployed, WaveConnect advanced PG&E's understanding of the technological, engineering, permitting, environmental, economic, stakeholder, and related issues involved in undertaking any wave power project now or in the future. As WEC technologies mature, and regulatory and permitting agencies grow more familiar with their environmental impacts, PG&E believes that wave power will merit further evaluation, demonstration and deployment.

  1. Uganda-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Land Focus Area Forestry, Agriculture Topics Background analysis Website http:www.usaid.govourwork Country Uganda...

  2. Uganda-Demonstrating Wind and Solar Energy on Lake Victoria ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    programs, Background analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type Guidemanual, Lessons learnedbest practices Website http:sgp.undp.orgdownloadS Country Uganda UN...

  3. The domains of instability for the pulsating PG1159 stars.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quirion, P.-O.; Fontaine, Gilles.; Brassard, Pierre; Herwig, F. H.

    2004-01-01

    The fact that we find pulsating and nonpulsating stars mixed together in the PG 1159 region of the log g - T{sub eff} diagram has been a long standing puzzle. The poor understanding of the driving mechanism in those stars has been the reason why it has taken so long to address properly this problem. Following the work of Saio (1996) and Gautschy (1997) based on the OPAL opacities, Quirion, Fontaine, & Brassard (2004) recently showed that we are now able to understand and reproduce the ranges of observed periods in the pulsating PG 1159 stars in terms of the original {kappa}-mechanism associated with the partial ionization of the K-shell electrons of C and O which, along with He, make up the composition of the envelope of those stars. Contrary to others, those three studies agree in that no composition gradients are needed between the atmospheric layers and the driving region. Furthermore, the cohabitation of pulsating and nonpulsating PG 1159 stars is naturally explained in terms of a dispersion in atmospheric parameters and in terms of a variation in surface composition from star to star. In particular, the most He-rich stars tend to be stable. We go beyond the findings discussed by Quirion et al. (2004) in this paper, and present the results of additional calculations aimed at describing better the role of the chemical composition (in particular the role of metallicity) as well as that of the stellar mass on the boundaries of the instability domain in the log g - T{sub eff} plane.

  4. Siemens PG Wind Power Division formerly Bonus Energy A S | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    PG Wind Power Division formerly Bonus Energy A S Jump to: navigation, search Name: Siemens PG Wind Power Division (formerly Bonus Energy AS) Place: Brande, Denmark Zip: DK-7330...

  5. EA-168-B PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    -B PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P EA-168-B PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P Order authorizing PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P to export electric energy to Canada. PDF icon EA-168-B...

  6. EA-168 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EA-168 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P EA-168 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P Order authorizing PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P to export electric energy to Canada. PDF icon EA-168...

  7. PROJECT SELECTIONS FOR DOE PHASE III XLERATOR SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAM - pg 3

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    | Department of Energy PROJECT SELECTIONS FOR DOE PHASE III XLERATOR SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAM - pg 3 PROJECT SELECTIONS FOR DOE PHASE III XLERATOR SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAM - pg 3 PDF icon sbir_phase3_pg3.pdf More Documents & Publications SBIR_Phase_III.pdf PROJECT SELECTIONS FOR DOE PHASE III XLERATOR SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAM Albany HTS Power Cable

  8. EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P Order authorizing PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P to export electric energy to Mexico. PDF icon EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P More Documents & Publications EA-167-A PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P EA-184 Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc. EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C

  9. EERE Success Story-DOE Supports PG&E Development of Next Generation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plug-in Hybrid Electric Trucks | Department of Energy Supports PG&E Development of Next Generation Plug-in Hybrid Electric Trucks EERE Success Story-DOE Supports PG&E Development of Next Generation Plug-in Hybrid Electric Trucks February 25, 2015 - 1:04pm Addthis EERE Success Story—DOE Supports PG&E Development of Next Generation Plug-in Hybrid Electric Trucks With support from EERE's Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO), Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) is demonstrating

  10. DOE Supports PG&E Development of Next Generation Plug-in Hybrid Electric

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Trucks | Department of Energy DOE Supports PG&E Development of Next Generation Plug-in Hybrid Electric Trucks DOE Supports PG&E Development of Next Generation Plug-in Hybrid Electric Trucks February 25, 2015 - 1:04pm Addthis DOE Supports PG&E Development of Next Generation Plug-in Hybrid Electric Trucks With support from EERE's Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO), Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) is demonstrating that plug-in electric vehicles can provide significant benefits to

  11. EA-167-A PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    -A PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P EA-167-A PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P Order authorizing PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P to export electric energy to Mexico. PDF icon EA-167-A PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P More Documents & Publications EA-168-B PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P Ea-168-A PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P

  12. PG&E- Multi-Family Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PG&E offers prescriptive rebates for owners and managers of multi-family properties of two or more units. Appliances, boilers, water heating, HVAC, and lighting improvements are among the...

  13. DOE Supports PG&E Development of Next Generation Plug-in Hybrid...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Plug-in Hybrid Electric Trucks With support from EERE's Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO), Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) is demonstrating that plug-in electric vehicles can ...

  14. PG&E (Gas)- Multi-Family Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Through the Rebates for Multi-Family Properties Program, PG&E offers prescriptive rebates for owners and managers of multi-family properties of two or more units. Boilers, furnaces, clothes...

  15. Green Button Sample Data from PG&E | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Files ending in " zipcode cost" contain both electricity costs and zip codes. All PG&E Green Button data contains energy costs now Package icon pgeelectricintervaldata2011-03-...

  16. The general Service raet PG for Xcel energy in denver is not...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The general Service raet PG for Xcel energy in denver is not included Home > Groups > Utility Rate Submitted by Er on 26 January, 2014 - 20:14 1 answer Points: 0 I think this is...

  17. Best Buy and PG&E's Commitment to Clean Fleets | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Best Buy and PG&E's Commitment to Clean Fleets Best Buy and PG&E's Commitment to Clean Fleets March 6, 2012 - 11:38am Addthis Secretary Steven Chu with Kellie Walsh and Cris Dorman of Greater Indiana Clean Cities at the Green Truck Summit in Indianapolis, IN, in front of a display describing the coalition's Recovery Act-supported project. | Photo by Trish Cozart, NREL. Secretary Steven Chu with Kellie Walsh and Cris Dorman of Greater Indiana Clean Cities at the Green Truck Summit in

  18. C IV and C III] reverberation mapping of the luminous quasar PG 1247+267

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trevese, D.; Saturni, F. G. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit di Roma La Sapienza, Piazzale Aldo Moro, 5, I-00185 Roma (Italy); Perna, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universit di Bologna, Viale Berti Pichat 6/2, I-40127 Bologna (Italy); Vagnetti, F. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit di Roma Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Roma (Italy); Dadina, M. [INAF-IASF Bologna, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna (Italy)

    2014-11-10

    So far the masses of about 50 active galactic nuclei (AGNs) have been measured through the reverberation mapping technique (RM). Most measurements have been performed for objects of moderate luminosity and redshift, based on H?, which is also used to calibrate the scaling relation that allows single-epoch (SE) mass determination based on AGN luminosity and the width of different emission lines. Due to the complex structure and gas dynamics of the relevant emission region, the SE masses obtained from the C IV(1549 ) line show a large spread around the mean values. Direct RM measures of C IV exist for only six AGNs of low luminosity and redshift, and only one luminous quasar. Since 2003, we have collected photometric and spectroscopic observations of PG1247+267, the most luminous quasar ever analyzed for RM. We provide light curves for the continuum and for C IV(1549 ) and C III](1909 ), and measures of the reverberation time lags based on the SPEAR method. The sizes of the line emission regions assume a ratio of R {sub C} {sub III]}/R {sub C} {sub IV} ? 2, similar to the case of Seyfert galaxies, indicating for the first time a similar ionization stratification in a luminous quasar and low-luminosity nuclei. Due to the relatively small size of the broad line region and the relatively narrow line widths, we estimate a small mass and an anomalously high Eddington ratio. We discuss the possibility that either the shape of the emission region or an amplification of the luminosity caused by gravitational lensing may be partly responsible for the result.

  19. part5ug.pdf

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Office of Mobile Sources National Motor Vehicle and Fuels Emission Laboratory U.S. ... BUSFLG determines which alternative bus cycle emission factors to print out when using ...

  20. NuSTAR REVEALS RELATIVISTIC REFLECTION BUT NO ULTRA-FAST OUTFLOW IN THE QUASAR PG 1211+143

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zoghbi, A.; Miller, J. M.; Walton, D. J.; Stern, D.; Harrison, F. A.; Fabian, A. C.; Reynolds, C. S.; Boggs, S. E.; Craig, W.; Christensen, F. E.; Hailey, C. J.; Zhang, W. W.

    2015-02-01

    We report on four epochs of observations of the quasar PG 1211+143 using NuSTAR. The net exposure time is 300 ks. Prior work on this source found suggestive evidence of an ultra-fast outflow (UFO) in the Fe K band with a velocity of approximately 0.1c. The putative flow would carry away a high-mass flux and kinetic power, with broad implications for feedback and black hole--galaxy co-evolution. NuSTAR detects PG 1211+143 out to 30 keV, meaning that the continuum is well-defined both through and above the Fe K band. A characteristic relativistic disk reflection spectrum is clearly revealed via a broad Fe K emission line and Compton back-scattering curvature. The data offer only weak constraints on the spin of the black hole. A careful search for UFOs shows no significant absorption feature above 90% confidence. The limits are particularly tight when relativistic reflection is included. We discuss the statistics and the implications of these results in terms of connections between accretion onto quasars, Seyferts, and stellar-mass black holes, and feedback into their host environments.

  1. THE CENTRAL ENGINES OF TWO UNUSUAL RADIO-INTERMEDIATE/QUIET ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI: III Zw 2 AND PG 1407+265

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Liang; Cao Xinwu; Bai, J. M. E-mail: cxw@shao.ac.cn

    2012-04-01

    We use the accretion disk/corona+jet model to fit the multi-band spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of two unusual radio-intermediate/quiet quasars. It is found that the optical/UV emission of III Zw 2 is probably dominated by the emission from the accretion disk. The X-ray emission should be dominated by the radiation from the jet, while the contribution of the disk corona is negligible. The optical/UV component in the SED of PG 1407+265 can be well modeled as the emission from the accretion disk, while the IR component is attributed to the thermal radiation from the dust torus with an opening angle of {approx}50 Degree-Sign . If the X-ray continuum emission is dominated by the synchrotron emission of the jet, the source should be a 'high peak frequency blazar', which obviously deviates from the normal blazar sequence. The observed SED can also be fitted quite well by the accretion disk/corona model with the viscosity parameter {alpha} = 0.5. The spectrum of the accretion disk/corona in PG 1407+265 satisfies the weak-line quasar criterion suggested in Laor and Davis.

  2. Distinguished Student Awards Paul Asare Agyapong, NEN-3, UGS...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Talks: Raymond Hendon, "Conduction Invariance in Exact Solutions for Compressible Flow Code Verification" Jeremy Melvin, "Evaluation of Rayleigh-Taylor Growth After an...

  3. Microsoft Word - PG County Final Report ELECTRONIC

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Prince George's County Department of Housing and Community Development - Weatherization Assistance Program Funds Provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 OAS-RA-13-05 January 2013 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 January 17, 2013 MEMORANDUM FOR THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY FROM: Rickey R. Hass Deputy Inspector General for Audits and Inspections Office of Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Examination Report on "Prince

  4. PG&E Reconductoring Project Biological Assessment (Revised)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This biological assessment (BA) is to provide the information necessary for formal consultation between the Department of Energy (DOE) and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) regarding the effects of the Proposed Action as required pursuant to Section 7(a)(2) of the Endangered Species Act (ESA).

  5. PG&E- Non-Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Standard Energy Efficiency Rebate Program covers a variety of specified improvements, including:

  6. Magnetic field survey at PG&E photovoltaic sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, G.J.; Jennings, C.

    1994-08-01

    Public awareness has aroused concerns over the possible effects of magnetic fields on human health. While research continues to determine if magnetic fields do, in fact, affect human health, concerned individuals are requesting data on magnetic field sources in their environments to base personal decisions about limiting their exposure to these sources. Timely acceptance and implementation of photovoltaics (PV), particularly for distributed applications such as PV rooftops, windows, and vehicles, may be hampered by the lack of PV magnetic field data. To address this situation, magnetic flux density was measured around equipment at two PVUSA (Photovoltaics for Utility Scale Applications) project sites in Kerman and Davis, California. This report documents the data and compares the PV magnetic fields with published data on more prevalent magnetic field sources. Although not comprehensive, electric and magnetic field (EMF) data taken at PVUSA indicate that 60-Hz magnetic fields (the EMF type of greatest public concern) are significantly less for PV arrays than for household applications. Therefore, given the present EMF research knowledge, PV array EMF may not merit considerable concern. The PV system components exhibiting significant AC magnetic fields are the transformers and power conditioning units (PCUs). However, the AC magnetic fields associated with these components are localized and are not detected at PV system perimeters. Concern about transformer and PCU EMF would apply to several generation and storage technologies.

  7. PG&E - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Program Type Rebate Program Rebate Amount Clothes Washer: 50 Refrigerator: 75 Heat Pump Water Heater: 500> Variable Speed Motor Air Handler System: 50 Whole House Fan:...

  8. PG&E - Non-Residential Energy Efficiency Financing Program |...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    is available to fund many technologies, including lighting, HVAC, electric motors, LED street lights, refrigeration, food service equipment and water pumps. Projects may be...

  9. NREL/PG&E Condensation System Increases Geothermal Power Plant...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Geysers complex generates 750 megawatts of electrical power, supplying 5 percent of ... According to the Electric Power Research Institute, condenser cleaning outages cost ...

  10. Report for WIPP UG Sample #3, R15C5 (9/3/14)

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    GCMS analyses, aliquots of this extract were injected directly. For LCMS analyses, the methanol sample extract and method blank samples were diluted 1:50 with ultrapure water...

  11. Microsoft Word - gra-ugs-program-travel-regs-tr9003.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    permanent duty station, airfare reimbursement is limited to the lesser of the standard coach airfare or the actual amount paid. The lowest available airfare should be obtained...

  12. Report for Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) UG Sample #3, R15C5...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Samples: Integrated Summary Report Chemical and Radiochemical Analyses of Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Samples R-15 C-5 SWB and R-16 C-4 Lip...

  13. Comparative flow measurements: Grand Coulee pumping-generating plant unit P/G9. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heigel, L.; Lewey, A.B.; Greenwood, J.B.

    1986-10-01

    In extensive testing, two acoustic flow measurement systems compared well in accuracy and repeatability with conventional methods at a power plant at Grand Coulee Dam. Acoustic flow measurement systems offer utilities an inexpensive, real-time method for optimizing hydro plant efficiency.

  14. California PG&E E-19 Rate Structure -- demand charge structure...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Utility Rate Allandaly's picture Submitted by Allandaly(24) Member 13 May, 2014 - 11:49 Hi again, I feel like the squeaky wheel here ... apologies for that ... but I am trying to...

  15. X:\\ARM_19~1\\PG93-112.WPD

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    field operation arranged by the column to the lowest l km of the atmosphere and to gen- Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measure- erate a precipitation estimate...

  16. X:\ARM_19~1\PG93-112.WPD

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Figure 1. Drizzle parameters. The data for these measurements were taken on June 6, 1992, at 6 am. The first three Doppler moments from the vertically pointing radar were used in a log-normal three parameter cloud droplet model to determine the vertical profiles of modal radius, the standard deviation, and the number of droplets. Island Based Radar and Microwave Radiometer Measurements of Stratus Cloud Parameters During the Atlantic Stratocumulus Transition Experiment (ASTEX) A. S. Frisch C. W.

  17. X:\\ARM_19~1\\PG93-112.WPD

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    T w net V T V T V T Session Papers 93 Drizzle Production in Stratocumulus G. Feingold and A. S. Frisch CIRANational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Colorado State...

  18. X:\\ARM_19~1\\PG93-112.WPD

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Through Fractal Clouds C. Gautier, D. Lavallc, W. O'Hirok, P. Ricchiazzi, and S.R. Yang Institute for Computational Earth System Science (ICESS) University of California,...

  19. Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011- pg 7

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    High-risk, high-value research and development focused on energy efficiency that industry would not typically pursue without federal leadership and support by public-private partnership.

  20. Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011- pg 3

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    High-risk, high-value research and development focused on energy efficiency that industry would not typically pursue without federal leadership and support by public-private partnership.

  1. Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011- pg 5

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    High-risk, high-value research and development focused on energy efficiency that industry would not typically pursue without federal leadership and support by public-private partnership.

  2. MHK Projects/PG E Humboldt WaveConnect | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (MW) 40 Main Overseeing Organization Pacific Gas and Electric Company Project Licensing Environmental Monitoring and Mitigation Efforts See Tethys << Return to the MHK database...

  3. Microsoft Word - Front Matter_Rpt cvr Dsclm Title pg _2_.doc

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    any relevant information that is available. Direct (in vivo) measurements of internal content and retention patterns are preferred to indirect (excreta) methods that require the...

  4. Microsoft PowerPoint - EIA PG V3a.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EIA/ARI World Shale Gas and Shale Oil Resource Assessment 1 1 EIA/ARI World Shale Gas and Shale Oil Resource Assessment Prepared For: U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Energy Information Administration EIA 2013 Energy Conference Prepared By: Vello A. Kuuskraa, President ADVANCED RESOURCES INTERNATIONAL, INC. Arlington, VA June 17, 2013 ▪ Washington, DC JAF2013_043.PPT EIA/ARI World Shale Gas and Shale Oil Resource Assessment 1 EIA/ARI "World Shale Gas and Shale Oil Resource Assessment"

  5. Microsoft PowerPoint - EIA PG V3a.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    World Hydrocarbon Resources Sarah O. Ladislaw, Center for Strategic and International Studies John Staub, U.S. Energy Information Administration Donald L. Gautier, U.S. Geological Survey Phani Gadde, Wood Mackenzie Vello Kuuskraa, Advanced Resources International The world will consume 1,100 billion barrels of oil between 2010 and 2040 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Cummulative consumption 2010- 2040 Proved reserves Unproved shale Reserve growth & undiscovered Rest of world

  6. https://empcs.nv.doe.gov/emis2/fa/pg/FFACO.Obligations_Commitments...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    The NDEP will provide comments regarding issues on the CAU 98 CAIP and on the Nye County drilling program. Ongoing: Comments on the CAIP were received in a letter dated April 2,...

  7. NEW - DOE O 551.1D Chg 1 (PgChg), Official Foreign Travel

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    The requirement to surrender official passports is considered burdensome to travelers and will be removed as a requirement and replaced with a process that requires travelers be responsible for safeguarding their own official passports. In conjunction with this revision, administrative changes will be made to update the title of the Office of Travel Management.

  8. X:\\ARM_19~1\\PG93-112.WPD

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    To what degree is the low-level jet (LLJ) climatology and its impact on clouds and precipitation being captured by current general circulation models (GCMs)? My hypothesis is that...

  9. Uganda-Reducing the GHG Impacts of Sustainable Intensification...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    can benefit poor farmers and to understand trade-offs among different dimensions of poverty and different groups of the poor (including between men and women). Special attention...

  10. Uganda-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  11. Uganda-GTZ Promotion of EERE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    energy services for the Ugandan population and economy as a means of achieving social and economic development, especially for the poor. Therefore, the project supports...

  12. Uganda-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  13. NEW - DOE O 329.2 Chg 1 (PgChg), Excepted Service Authority for Exceptionally Well Qualified (EWQ) EQ Pay Plan Employees

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    The revisions delegate for certain personnel actions that previously required approval from the Executive Resources Board (ERB) and/or Senior Management Review Board (SMRB) directly to the Head of the Departmental Element.

  14. EA-1752: Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E), Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) Compression Testing Phase Project, San Joaquin County, California

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE is preparing this EA to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of providing a financial assistance grant under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 for the construction of an advanced compressed air energy storage plant in San Francisco, California.

  15. Suppression of Upsilon production in d + Au and Au + Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV (vol 735, pg 127, 2014)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adamczyk, L.; Adkins, J. K.; Agakishiev, G.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Ahammed, Z.; Alekseev, I.; Alford, J.; Anson, C. D.; Aparin, A.; Arkhipkin, D.; Gliske, S.; Krueger, K.; Spinka, H. M.; Underwood, D.G.

    2014-07-30

    We report measurements of ? meson production in p + p, d +Au, and Au+Aucollisions using the STAR detector at RHIC. We compare the ? yield to the measured cross section in p + p collisions in order to quantify any modifications of the yield in cold nuclear matter using d +Au data and in hot nuclear matter using Au+Au data separated into three centrality classes. Our p +p measurement is based on three times the statistics of our previous result. We obtain a nuclear modification factor for ? (1S + 2S + 3S) in the rapidity range |y| < 1 in d + Aucollisions of RdAu = 0.79 0.24(stat.) 0.03(syst.) 0.10(p + p syst.). A comparison with models including shadowing and initial state parton energy loss indicates the presence of additional cold-nuclear matter suppression. Similarly, in the top 10% most-central Au + Au collisions, we measure a nuclear modification factor of R AA = 0.49 0.1(stat.) 0.02(syst.) 0.06(p + p syst.), which is a larger suppression factor than that seen in cold nuclear matter. Our results are consistent with complete suppression of excited-state ? mesons in Au + Aucollisions. The additional suppression in Au + Au is consistent with the level expected in model calculations that include the presence of a hot, deconfined QuarkGluon Plasma. However, understanding the suppression seen in d + Au is still needed before any definitive statements about the nature of the suppression in Au + Au can be made.

  16. Property:Country | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    + HOMER + Armenia + HOMER + Bhutan + HOMER + Yugoslavia + HOMER + Mexico + HOMER + Egypt + HOMER + Saint Helena + HOMER + Syria + HOMER + Israel + HOMER + Uganda + HOMER +...

  17. Pilot-Scale Biorefinery: Sustainable Transport Fuels from Biomass...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    completed during 2012 * Based on results of pilot plant testing of the UG2 process, UOP recommended to not proceed with design and construction of UG2 at Kapolei site * Spring ...

  18. 1Headquarters Facilities Master SecurityPlan Section 10 Operations Security Program DescriptionThe goal of Operations Security (OPSEC) is to control information about the capabilities and intentions of an organization in order to keep them from being exp

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Revision History: Date Description 6/3/15 Pg. 7-1, Line 6, added text Pg. 701-1, Line 8, added text Pg. 701-1, Line 10, removed last sentence Pg. 701-1, Line 31, removed #5 Pg. 701-1, Line 38, changed date Pg. 701-2, Line 3, added/deleted text Pg. 701-2, Line 9, reworded first sentence Pg. 701-2, Line 19, added text Pg. 701-3, Line 3, added text Pg. 701-3, Line 18, removed last two bullets Pg. 701-4, Line 12, reworded all three bullets Pg. 702-1, Line 13, added new sentence Pg. 702-1, Line 27,

  19. Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Efficiency, January 2011 - pg 6 | Department of Energy 6 Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011 - pg 6 PDF icon grand_challenges_portfolio_pg6.pdf More Documents & Publications Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011 - pg 8 Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011 - pg 9

  20. PROJECT SELECTIONS FOR DOE PHASE III XLERATOR SMALL BUSINESS...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PROJECT SELECTIONS FOR DOE PHASE III XLERATOR SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAM - pg 3 PROJECT SELECTIONS FOR DOE PHASE III XLERATOR SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAM - pg 3 PDF icon sbirphase3pg3.pdf...

  1. Office of Communication - Brochures Available

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tadjikistan Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks & Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United...

  2. Africa Forum for Clean Energy Financing (AFRICEF) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    from any African Country, and particularly targets projects from South Africa, Mozambique and Uganda. Applicants need to respond to the attached call for proposals by 16th...

  3. Forest Carbon Partnership Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Madagascar, Mexico, Moldova, Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Republic of the Congo, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam...

  4. The REDD Opportunities Scoping Exercise (ROSE) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tanzania, and Uganda AgencyCompany Organization The Katoomba Group, Forest Trends, Nature Conservation Research Centre Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Implementation,...

  5. Energy Systems Limited ESL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy, Solar Product: ESL deals with design, supply, installations and maintenance of solar and other renewable energy systems in Uganda. The company has a special...

  6. Technology Maturation Plan (TMP) Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    denitration mineralization reformer (DMR) (polyethylene (PE) beads, PG, PE beads + PG, Sugar, Coal, Sugar + Coal). Only coal as DMR reductant produced acceptable results....

  7. Indomethacin and salicylate decrease epinephrine-induced glycogenolysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, J.D.; Ganguli, S.; Artal, R.; Sperling, M.A.

    1985-02-01

    Epinephrine (E) produces an immediate (0-30 minutes) rise in hepatic glucose production (Ra), largely due to activation of glycogenolysis; thereafter, E-stimulated gluconeogenesis becomes the major factor maintaining glucose production. To investigate the possible role of arachidonic acid metabolites on Ra during E stimulation, the authors infused E in trained conscious dogs before and during administration of two inhibitors of arachidonic acid metabolism, indomethacin (INDO) and salicylate (S). On separate days, experimental animals were treated with both oral and IV INDO and oral acetylsalicylic acid and IV sodium salicylate. Ra and glucose utilization (Rd), both in mg x kg-1 min-1, were calculated by isotope dilution using 3-/sup 3/H-glucose. After achieving steady state specific activity, control (C) and experimental animals (n . 6 per group) received E (0.1 ug x kg-1 min-1) for 150 minutes, raising plasma levels to approximately 1500 pg/mL in each group. In C, plasma glucose (G; mg/dL) rose by 17 +/- 5 at 10 minutes and 19 +/- 3 at 20 minutes due to an initial spike in Ra (2.7 +/- 0.2 to 4.9 +/- 0.5; P less than 0.01) at 10 minutes. INDO and S treatment attenuated this initial (10-20 minutes) rise in G (P less than 0.05) due to a lower stimulated Ra at 10 minutes (3.3 +/- 0.1 with INDO; 3.0 +/- 0.5 with S; P less than 0.05). After 20 minutes Ra was not different in the 3 groups; no overall differences in Rd, glucose clearance, or plasma insulin levels occurred with INDO or S treatment.

  8. Mr. John E. Kieling, Bureau Chief Hazardous Waste Bureau

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from compatible waste U* Containers with liquid on containment pallet Containment pallets in good condition U* Adjacent mine pager phones operational U* UG phone...

  9. H2FIRST Reference Station Design Task: Project Deliverable 2...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ......... 76 ix Appendix A: Detailed Model ... the current ASME Section VIII boiler and pressure vessel code. Sub-section UG-140 of the code allows for ...

  10. Jefferson Lab Users Group News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    User InformationRegistration print version UG Resources Background & Purpose By Laws Board of Directors Board of Directors Meetings Directory of Members Events At-A-Glance Member...

  11. U.S. Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Positive Statement: Workers assisted other workers during ... UG exhibited detailed knowledge of the underground and ... The CMR will make an announcement informing personnel of the ...

  12. Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Efficiency, January 2011 - pg 8 | Department of Energy 8 Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011 - pg 8 PDF icon grand_challenges_portfolio_pg8.pdf More Documents & Publications Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011 - pg 9

  13. Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Efficiency, January 2011 - pg 9 | Department of Energy 9 Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011 - pg 9 PDF icon grand_challenges_portfolio_pg9.pdf More Documents & Publications Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011 - pg 8

  14. Deutsche Gesellschaft fr Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for GHG inventories and MRV Tunisia-GTZ Promotion of EERE Uganda-GTZ Promotion of EERE Ukraine-GTZ Climate Oriented Mobility Uruguay-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening...

  15. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of runtime data collected on P&G's manufacturing lines, coupled with the Laboratory's interest in testing advanced statistical theory with real-world data. Today, P&G is...

  16. Kakira Sugar Works (1985) Limited, Kakira biomass cogeneration: Volume 3 -- Final report. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-06-01

    This report, conducted by John H. Payne, Inc., was funded by the US Trade and Development Agency. The study concerns the technical and financial feasibility of the Kakira Sugar Works Limited to increase its capacity to 5,000 TCD and to sell its surplus power to the Uganda Electricity Board. This is Volume 3, the Purchase Energy Contract between Kakira Cogeneration Company Limited and Uganda Electricity Board.

  17. EA-1752: Finding of No Significant Impact

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E), Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) Compression Testing Phase Project, San Joaquin, California

  18. NoWatt | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NoWatt Jump to: navigation, search Name: NoWatt Place: Manchester, England, United Kingdom Zip: M20 6UG Product: Manchester, UK-based provider of energy management solutions and...

  19. Mr. John E. Kieling, Chief Hazardous Waste Bureau

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A UG 1 7 2012 New Mexico Environment Department 2905 Rodeo Park Drive East, Building 1 Santa Fe , New Mexico 87505-6303 Subject: Notification of Sampling Line Loss, Waste Isolation...

  20. Nuclear Waste Partnership (NWP) Corrective Action Plan Addendum

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Radiological Release Event Phase II | Department of Energy Addendum Radiological Release Event Phase II Nuclear Waste Partnership (NWP) Corrective Action Plan Addendum Radiological Release Event Phase II On Friday, February 14, 2014 there was an incident in the underground (U/G) repository at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), which resulted in the release of americium and plutonium from one or more transuranic (TRU) waste containers into the U/G mine and the environment. The accident

  1. Graduate, Undergraduate Student Travel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Graduate, Undergraduate Travel Graduate, Undergraduate Student Travel Travel reimbursement process information for participants in the Graduate Research Assistant (GRA) and Undergraduate Student (UGS) programs Contact Travel Reservations (505) 667-1692 Email Student Travel (505) 667-5859 Email Graduate, undergraduate student travel process Travel by employees who participate in the Graduate Research Assistant (GRA) and Undergraduate Student (UGS) programs will be reimbursed only when the

  2. TH-C-BRD-01: Analytical Computation of Prompt Gamma Ray Emission and Detection for Proton Range Verification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sterpin, E; Vynckier, S; Janssens, G; Smeets, J; Prieels, D

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: A prompt gamma (PG) slit camera prototype demonstrated that on-line range monitoring within 12 mm could be performed by comparing expected and measured PG detection profiles. Monte Carlo (MC) can simulate the expected PG profile but this would result in prohibitive computation time for a complete pencil beam treatment plan. We implemented a much faster method that is based on analytical processing of pre-computed MC data. Methods: The formation of the PG detection signal can be separated into: 1) production of PGs and 2) detection by the camera detectors after PG transport in geometry. For proton energies from 40 to 230 MeV, PG productions in depth were pre-computed by MC (PENH) for 12C, 14N, 16O, 31P and 40Ca. The PG production was then modeled analytically by adding the PG production for each element according to local proton energy and tissue composition.PG transport in the patient/camera geometries and the detector response were modeled by convolving the PG production profile with a transfer function. The latter is interpolated from a database of transfer functions fitted to pre-computed MC data (PENELOPE). The database was generated for a photon source in a cylindrical phantom with various radiuses and a camera placed at various positions.As a benchmark, the analytical model was compared to PENH for a water phantom, a phantom with different slabs (adipose, muscle, lung) and a thoracic CT. Results: Good agreement (within 5%) was observed between the analytical model and PENH for the PG production. Similar accuracy for detecting range shifts was also observed. Speed of around 250 ms per profile was achieved (single CPU) using a non-optimized MatLab implementation. Conclusion: We devised a fast analytical model for generating PG detection profiles. In the test cases considered in this study, similar accuracy than MC was achieved for detecting range shifts. This research is supported by IBA.

  3. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Clean Vehicle Electricity and Natural Gas Rate Reduction - PG&E Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) offers discounted Residential Time-of-Use rates for electricity used for plug-in electric vehicle charging. Discounted rates are also available for compressed or uncompressed natural gas used in natural gas vehicle (NGV) home fueling appliances. For more information, see the PG&E Electric Vehicle Rate Options and NGV Rates websites.

  4. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Commercial Heating & Cooling Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings California Solar Initiative- PV Incentives '''Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) and San...

  5. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Heating Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings California Solar Initiative- PV Incentives '''Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) and San Diego Gas and...

  6. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Mgmt. SystemsBuilding Controls Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings PG&E- Non-Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program The Standard Energy...

  7. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Food Service Equipment Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings PG&E- Non-Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program The Standard Energy Efficiency Rebate...

  8. City of San Francisco- Commercial Efficiency Rebates

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Businesses in San Francisco's PG&E territory can receive equipment rebates, a detailed energy analysis, and the discounted installation of a variety of energy efficiency technologies through...

  9. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... ; Nazarewicz, Witold ; Ng, Esmond ; Thompson, Ian ; Vary, James An understanding of ... Strength: Correlation Analysis Reinhard, P.-G. ; Nazarewicz, Witold Background: Recent ...

  10. Klondike III III Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Owner Iberdrola Renewables Developer PPM Energy Inc Energy Purchaser PG&EPSEEWEBBPA Location Sherman County OR Coordinates 45.572921, -120.551527 Show Map Loading...

  11. EA-1752: Draft Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) Compression Testing Phase Project, San Joaquin County, California

  12. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings PG&E- Non-Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program The Standard Energy Efficiency Rebate Program covers a variety of specified...

  13. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Multi-Family Residential Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings California Solar Initiative- PV Incentives '''Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) and San...

  14. Obama Administration Announces New Partners Join the Better Buildings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Utility partner Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) has also committed to offering expanded energy efficiency ... "By joining President Obama's Better Buildings Initiative, these ...

  15. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Processing and Manufacturing Equipment, Other EE, LED Lighting PG&E- Non-Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program The Standard Energy Efficiency Rebate Program covers a...

  16. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Pumps, Steam-system upgrades, Programmable Thermostats, Building Insulation, Other EE, Food Service Equipment, Tankless Water Heater PG&E- Non-Residential Energy Efficiency...

  17. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Processing and Manufacturing Equipment, CustomOthers pending approval, Other EE, Food Service Equipment, Tankless Water Heater PG&E- Non-Residential Energy Efficiency...

  18. Sellafield Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cumbria, England, United Kingdom Zip: CA20 1PG Product: England-based subsidiary of Nuclear Management Partners Ltd (NMP) managing the decommissioning of many of the UK's...

  19. EA-1752: Final Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) Compression Testing Phase Project, San Joaquin County, California

  20. PowerPoint Presentation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    GAS TURBINES IN SUPPORT OF GRID MODERNIZATION 10 FEBRUARY 2016 Presented by: Uwe Schmiemann PG Marketing & Product Strategy Manager Solar Turbines Incorporated 2 SOLAR TURBINES ...

  1. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Motors Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings PG&E- Non-Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program The Standard Energy Efficiency Rebate Program covers...

  2. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Government Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings California Solar Initiative- PV Incentives '''Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) and San Diego Gas and...

  3. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Institutional Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings California Solar Initiative- PV Incentives '''Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) and San Diego Gas and...

  4. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Low-Income program for single and multifamily residential properties.... California Solar Initiative- PV Incentives '''Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) and San Diego Gas and...

  5. Win Win International Investment Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Win Win International Investment Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Win-Win International Investment Ltd Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: NW8 6PG Sector:...

  6. QER- Comment of Pacific Gas and Electric Company

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PG&E is committed to protecting our customers' privacy. To learn more, please visit http://www.pge.com/about/company/privacy/customer/

  7. NREL: Buildings Research - Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (2012). 1 pg.; NREL Report No. FS-5500-53735; DOEGO-102012-3491. NREL Demonstrates Game-Changing Air Conditioner Technology (Fact Sheet), Highlights in Research &...

  8. Student Trainee (Hydrologist)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    You will serve as a Pathways Program Intern (Hydrology) in the Weather and Streamflow Forecasting organization, Power and Operations Planning (PGP), Generation Asset Management (PG), Power Services...

  9. Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8 Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011 - pg 8 PDF icon grandchallengesportfoliopg8.pdf More Documents & Publications ...

  10. Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6 Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011 - pg 6 PDF icon grandchallengesportfoliopg6.pdf More Documents & Publications ...

  11. Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9 Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011 - pg 9 PDF icon grandchallengesportfoliopg9.pdf More Documents & Publications ...

  12. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and Manufacturing Equipment, CustomOthers pending approval, Other EE, Personal Computing Equipment, Reflective Roofs, LED Lighting, Commercial Refrigeration Equipment PG&E-...

  13. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Windows, Roofs, CustomOthers pending approval, Other EE, Wind (Small), Personal Computing Equipment, Tankless Water Heater PG&E- Non-Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate...

  14. OMB No. XXXX-XXXX Expiration Date: XX/XX/XXXX

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    same, only complete the physical address. For the PC Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) software, call (202) 586-9659. (See Form instructions, pg 1.) Comments: Identify any...

  15. OMB No. XXXX-XXX Expiration Date: XX/XX/XXXX

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    BARGE, AND RAIL MOVEMENTS ACTIVITY SUMMARY For the PC Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) software, call (202) 586-9659. (See Form instructions, pg 1) Mailing Address of...

  16. EIA-814

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PART 3. IMPORTS ACTIVITY SUMMARY For the PC Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) software, call (202) 586-9659. (See Form instructions, pg 1) Mailing Address of...

  17. EIA-809_20150504.xls

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Code PART 3. OXYGENATE ACTIVITY (Barrels) For the PC Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) software, call (202) 586-9659. (See Form instructions, pg 1.) Mailing Address of...

  18. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Electric Company (PG&E) offers rebates and other incentives to non-residential natural gas customers to increase energy efficiency. Natural gas equipment eligible for......

  19. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings PG&E- Non-Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program The Standard Energy Efficiency Rebate Program covers a variety of...

  20. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    in San Francisco's PG&E territory can receive equipment rebates, a detailed energy analysis, and the discounted installation of a variety of energy efficiency technologies...

  1. Radiation Safety Work Control Form

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Radiation Safety Work Control Form (see instructions on pg-3) Rev. May 2014 Area: Form : Date: Preliminary Applicability Screen: (a) Will closing the beam line injection stoppers...

  2. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    *Avg. of NGI's reported avg. prices for: Malin, PG&E citygate, and Southern California Border Avg. Source: NGI's Daily Gas Price Index (http:intelligencepress.com). Storage:...

  3. The Y-12 Times 70th Anniversary, a newsletter for employees and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    rigger), Kenneth Davis (ironworkerrigger), Brett Spradlen (carpenter), Brandon Turner (carpenter), Beth Green (director of Resource Management) JOURNEY, cont. on pg. 10 9...

  4. Envirolink Northwest | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Warrington, England, United Kingdom Zip: WA3 7PG Sector: Services Product: Energy and environmental technologies and services (ETS) sector development organisation in England's...

  5. EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    SoCal and PG&E are two of the largest distribution companies in the entire United States. ... Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Companies -spreadsheet Other Natural Gas ...

  6. Water Analytical Data Tables for 1CQ10.xls

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Water Samples⎯First Quarter CY 2010 This page intentionally left blank Appendix C Analytical Results for Water Samples - First Quarter CY 2010 LOCATION_CODE LOCATION_TYPE DATE SAMPLED LAB REQUISITION NUMBER CAS ANALYTE SAMPLE ID RESULT UNITS LAB QUALIFIERS SAMPLE TYPE DETECTION LIMIT UNCER- TAINTY DATA VALIDATION QUALIFIERS 70193 WL 2/10/2010 10022851 71-55-6 1,1,1-Trichloroethane N001 0.16 ug/L U F 0.16 valid 70193 WL 2/10/2010 10022851 79-34-5 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane N001 0.2 ug/L U F 0.2

  7. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  8. Decreasing Soft Costs for Solar Photovoltaics by Improving the Interconnection Process. A Case Study of Pacific Gas and Electric

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ardani, Kristen; Margolis, Robert

    2015-09-01

    In this case study, we examine how PG&E achieved a faster, more efficient interconnection approval process despite rising application volumes. Our goal is to draw insights from PG&E's experience that can help to inform decision making at other utilities across the U.S. that may face similar trajectories for DG PV market growth.

  9. Decreasing Soft Costs for Solar Photovoltaics by Improving the Interconnection Process. A Case Study of Pacific Gas and Electric

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ardani, Kristen; Margolis, Robert

    2015-09-01

    As of the end of 2014, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) had connected over 130,000 DG PV systems in its service territory, more than any other utility in the U.S. In this case study, we examine how PG&E achieved a faster, more efficient interconnection approval process despite rising application volumes.

  10. NATIONAL LEAD COMPANY OF OHIO

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    t-t AL- 1. + T fi r,y* t ,.- . NATIONAL LEAD COMPANY OF OHIO Ofll i iy Ci)wp HEALTH AND SAFETY DIVISION - ANALYTICAL DEPT. ANALYTICAL DATA SHEET U-G b ;33y jl:tL G c-w &3(y I...

  11. Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Therapy-Induced Necrosis Using Gadolinium-Chelated Polyglutamic Acids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, Edward F.; Esparza-Coss, Emilio; Wen Xiaoxia; Ng, Chaan S.; Daniel, Sherita L.; Price, Roger E.; Rivera, Belinda; Charnsangavej, Chusilp; Gelovani, Juri G.; Li Chun . E-mail: cli@di.mdacc.tmc.edu

    2007-07-01

    Purpose: Necrosis is the most common morphologic alteration found in tumors and surrounding normal tissues after radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Accurate measurement of necrosis may provide an early indication of treatment efficacy or associated toxicity. The purpose of this report is to evaluate the selective accumulation of polymeric paramagnetic magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agents-gadolinium p-aminobenzyl-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid-poly(glutamic acid) (L-PG-DTPA-Gd and D-PG-DTPA-Gd)-in necrotic tissue. Methods and Materials: Two different solid tumor models, human Colo-205 xenograft and syngeneic murine OCA-1 ovarian tumors, were used in this study. Necrotic response was induced by treatment with poly(L-glutamic acid)-paclitaxel conjugate (PG-TXL). T{sub 1}-weighted spin-echo images were obtained immediately and up to 4 days after contrast injection and compared with corresponding histologic specimens. Two low-molecular-weight contrast agents, DTPA-Gd and oligomeric(L-glutamic acid)-DTPA-Gd, were used as nonspecific controls. Results: Initially, there was minimal tumor enhancement after injection of either L-PG-DTPA-Gd or D-PG-DTPA-Gd, but rapid enhancement after injection of low-molecular-weight agents. However, polymeric contrast agents, but not low-molecular-weight contrast agents, caused sustained enhancement in regions of tumor necrosis in both tumors treated with PG-TXL and untreated tumors. These data indicate that high molecular weight, rather than in vivo biodegradation, is necessary for the specific localization of polymeric MR contrast agents to necrotic tissue. Moreover, biotinylated L-PG-DTPA-Gd colocalized with macrophages in the tumor necrotic areas, suggesting that selective accumulation of L- and D-PG-DTPA-Gd in necrotic tissue was mediated through residing macrophages. Conclusions: Our data suggest that MR imaging with PG-DTPA-Gd may be a useful technique for noninvasive characterization of treatment-induced necrosis.

  12. Summary of New Generation Technologies and Resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1993-01-08

    This compendium includes a PG&E R&D program perspective on the Advanced Energy Systems Technology Information Module (TIM) project, a glossary, a summary of each TIM, updated information on the status and trends of each technology, and a bibliography. The objectives of the TIMs are to enhance and document the PG&E R&D Program's understanding of the technology status, resource potential, deployment hurdles, commercial timing, PG&E applications and impacts, and R&D issues of advanced technologies for electric utility applications in Northern California. [DJE-2005

  13. File:RAPID Toolkit Flyer.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    pdf, 2 pages) 2-pg flyer giving an overview of the GRR project File history Click on a datetime to view the file as it appeared at that time. DateTime Thumbnail Dimensions User...

  14. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    and in northern California continued to be soft as PG&E projected that linepack would stay at its present high level. On the NYMEX, the near-month contract for May delivery,...

  15. Natural Gas Weekly Update

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    and in northern California continued to be soft as PG&E projected that linepack would stay at its present high level. On the NYMEX, the near-month contract for May delivery,...

  16. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    *Avg. of NGI's reported avg. prices for: Malin, PG&E citygate, and Southern California Border Avg. Source: NGI's Daily Gas Price Index (http:intelligencepress.com). At the NYMEX,...

  17. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    prices rose between 15 and 30 cents per million Btu at the Southern California border, PG&E citygates, the Henry Hub, and the New York and Chicago citygates before...

  18. Central Washington University: 2014 Engineering Technologies, Safety & Construction Fair

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Location: 400 E. University Way Ellensburg, WA 98926, SURC BallroomPOC: Heather BainWebsite: http://bit.ly/1pgOpN7

  19. Controlling the photoconductivity: Graphene oxide and polyaniline self assembled intercalation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vempati, Sesha; Ozcan, Sefika; Uyar, Tamer

    2015-02-02

    We report on controlling the optoelectronic properties of self-assembled intercalating compound of graphene oxide (GO) and HCl doped polyaniline (PANI). Optical emission and X-ray diffraction studies revealed a secondary doping phenomenon of PANI with OH and COOH groups of GO, which essentially arbitrate the intercalation. A control on the polarity and the magnitude of the photoresponse (PR) is harnessed by manipulating the weight ratios of PANI to GO (viz., 1:1.5 and 1:2.2 are abbreviated as PG1.5 and PG2.2, respectively), where PR?=?100(R{sub Dark} R{sub UV-Vis})/R{sub Dark} and R corresponds to the resistance of the device in dark or UV-Vis illumination. To be precise, the PR from GO, PANI, PG1.5, and PG2.2 are +34%, ?111%, ?51%, and +58%, respectively.

  20. California Solar Initiative- Low-Income Solar Water Heating Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The program is only available to customers who currently heat their water with natural gas in the service territories of Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E), San Diego Gas & Electric ...

  1. California Solar Initiative- Multi-Family Affordable Solar Housing (MASH) Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The California Solar Initiative (CSI), enacted by SB 1 of 2006, provides financial incentives to customers in investor-owned utility (IOU) territories of Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&...

  2. Reliability Technology earns prestigious Los Alamos award

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    known as Reliability Technology-a statistical method that P&G has used to streamline its manufacturing processes and save more than a billion dollars a year in costs by increasing...

  3. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    known as Reliability Technology-a statistical method that P&G has used to streamline its manufacturing processes and save more than a billion dollars a year in costs by increasing...

  4. City of San Francisco- Residential Efficiency Rebates

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Single family homeowners in San Francisco's PG&Eterritory can receive Green Home Assessments, providing detailed reports showing energy loss, heat tests, and a list of improvements that will...

  5. Pacific Gas & Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    PG&E) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pacific Gas & Electric Co Abbreviation: PGE Place: California Service Territory: California Phone Number: 800-743-5002 Website: www.pge.com...

  6. File:RAPID Toolkit Flyer.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2 pages) 2-pg flyer giving an overview of the GRR project File history Click on a datetime to view the file as it appeared at that time. DateTime Thumbnail Dimensions User...

  7. THORP Thermal Oxide Reprocessing Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Plant) Place: Cumbria, England, United Kingdom Zip: CA20 1PG Product: England-based nuclear fuel reprocessing plant. Coordinates: 54.63044, -2.89984 Show Map Loading map......

  8. Geisha Williams Executive Vice President, Electric Operations

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    levels of solar capacity are coming from smaller applications - e.g., rooftop solar PV. In our service area alone, PG&E has connected more than 120,000 solar rooftops to...

  9. VANDLE Reaction Studies S. V. Paulauskas S. V. Paulauskas, MSU...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    VANDLE Reaction Studies S. V. Paulauskas S. V. Paulauskas, MSUNSCL ATLAS Users Meeting - 05142014 Why study neutrons from reactions? We can study (d,n) as an analogue for (p,g)...

  10. Compiling Codes on Hopper

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    % ftn -O0 -Kieee MyCode.F90 Documentation For the full list of compiler options type man pgf90, man pgf95,man pgcc or man pgCC. However, remember always to use the Cray...

  11. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is more important to you Choosing a Compiler December 09 Slide 3 PGI -fast -Mipafast man pgf90; man pgcc; man pgCC Cray man crayftn; man craycc ;...

  12. Natural Gas Weekly Update

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Gas & Electric Company (PG&E) expanded an existing operational flow order (OFO) into a system-wide stage-3 high-inventory OFO on Thursday, September 28, 2006. The company will...

  13. Natural Gas Weekly Update

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    and the Southwest enjoyed warmer than normal temperatures for most of the week. A high-inventory operational flow order on the PG&E system on Tuesday and Wednesday had prices...

  14. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    and the Southwest enjoyed warmer than normal temperatures for most of the week. A high-inventory operational flow order on the PG&E system on Tuesday and Wednesday had prices...

  15. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Gas & Electric Company (PG&E) expanded an existing operational flow order (OFO) into a system-wide stage-3 high-inventory OFO on Thursday, September 28, 2006. The company will...

  16. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Transportation Update: Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) extended a Stage 2 high-inventory operational flow order (OFO) from Friday, June 8, through Wednesday, June 13,...

  17. Natural Gas Weekly Update

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Transportation Update: Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) extended a Stage 2 high-inventory operational flow order (OFO) from Friday, June 8, through Wednesday, June 13,...

  18. LEDs on Semipolar Bulk GaN Substrate with IQE > 80% at 150 A...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    saving of 217 TWh, or about one-third of lighting site electricity consumption, by 2025. (Source: DOE SSL MYPP, Pg. 1) Impact of Project: Despite 20+ years of R&D, IQE of ...

  19. Reading File Bonneville Power Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reading File Bonneville Power Administration P.O. Box 3621 Portland, Oregon 97208-3621 POWER SERVICES In reply refer to: PG-5 Ms. Renata Kurschner Director, Generation Resource...

  20. EIA-803_20150504.xls

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    comment from another, press ALT+ENTER.) For the PC Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) software, call (202) 586-9659. (See Form instructions, pg 1.) Crude Oil (including...

  1. OMB No. XXXX-XXXX Expiration Date: XX/XX/XXXX

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PART 1. RESPONDENT IDENTIFICATION DATA For the PC Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) software, call (202) 586-9659. (See Form instructions, pg 1.) OOG.SURVEYS@eia.doe.gov...

  2. OMB No. XXXX-XXXX Expiration Date: XX/XX/XXXX

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OF THE MONTH (Barrels per Calendar Day) For the PC Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) software, call (202) 586-9659. (See Form instructions, pg 1.) Mailing Address of...

  3. OMB No. XXXX-XXXX Expiration Date: XX/XX/XXXX

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    same, only complete the physical address. For the PC Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) software, call (202) 586-9659. (See Form instructions, pg 1) Month A completed form...

  4. OMB No. XXXX-XXXX Expiration Date: XX/XX/XXXX

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    using one of the following methods: For the PC Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) software, call (202) 586-9659. (See Form instructions, pg 1) Enter barrels to the...

  5. OMB No. XXXX-XXXX Expiration Date: XX/XX/XXXX

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day following the end of the report month. For the PC Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) software, call (202) 586-9659. (See Form instructions, pg 1.) Month Forms may be...

  6. OMB No. XXXX-XXXX Expiration Date: XX/XX/XXXX

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    comment from another, press ALT+ENTER.) For the PC Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) software, call (202) 586-9659. (See Form instructions, pg 1.) Forms may be submitted...

  7. Tiered time-of-use rates | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tiered time-of-use rates Home > Groups > Utility Rate Hello Last year, I found OpenEI via NREL's System Advisor Model, when I was considering a PV system for my home in PG&E's...

  8. EA-250 PSEG Energy Resources & Trade LLC | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    icon EA-250 PSEG Energy Resources & Trade LLC More Documents & Publications Ea-168-A PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P EA-196-A Minnesota Power, Sales EA-220-A NRG Power Marketing,...

  9. EA-208 Williams Energy Marketing and Trading Company | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Trading Company More Documents & Publications EA-184 Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc. EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P...

  10. Aggregated Purchasing and Workplace Charging Can Drive EV Market...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    event at the White House to announce several new developments in advancing the use of electric vehicles. Standing before PG&E's new plug-in electric bucket truck, Secretary...

  11. Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    13.B, Chg 1 (PgChg), Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets by Jay Glascock Functional areas: Acquisition, Defense Nuclear Facility Safety and Health...

  12. Rice, Bryan Joseph

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The (4)He(gamma,dd) reaction at E(gamma) 150--250 MeV Rice, Bryan Joseph ProQuest Dissertations and Theses; 1998; ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT) pg. na Reproduced with...

  13. Improved Manufacturing Processes Save Company One Billion Dollars...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Large-scale implementation of the technology helped save P&G 1 billion in manufacturing costs, according to Procter & Gamble. These cost-saving benefits are applicable towards ...

  14. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...PG0NUS-NCAIMLMMCF","NGMEPG0NUS-NCAPMLDMCF","NGMEPG0INCNUS-NCAMMCF","NGMEPG0PICNUS-NCADMCF" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)","Price of ...

  15. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Further, a C. jejuni growth experiment in minimal medium supplemented with 3-PG showed that this molecule enhances the growth of wild-type C. jejuni, but not of the PEB3 mutants. ...

  16. Voices of Experience | Advanced Distribution Management Systems...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... c Gas & Electric (PG&E) We hope that ... MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS | DOE 6 Keys to Our Success * Across organization-vision ... an archive copy or journal when data is ...

  17. Energy Storage Systems 2010 Update Conference Presentations ...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    - Hawk Asgeirsson, DTE.pdf PDF icon ESS 2010 Update Conference - Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) - Hal LaFlash, PG&E.pdf PDF icon ESS 2010 Update Conference - Isothermal ...

  18. California Solar Initiative- PV Incentives

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    '''Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) and San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E) have reached their budget limits for residential rebates. Both utilities will continue accepting applications for...

  19. Microsoft Word - DOE RFI on Transmission Planning - PGE Comments.DOC

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Comments of Pacific Gas & Electric Company Department of Energy Request for Information on Transmission Permitting [OE Docket No. RRTT-IR-001] Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E) appreciates the opportunity to respond to the questions from the Department of Energy (DOE) in its Request for Information (RFI) related to the permitting of transmission lines. The RFI lists six (6) questions, several of them with subparts. PG&E responds to the questions sequentially as they are

  20. Vaccine to control the viral infection of fish

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Leong, Jo-Ann C.

    1994-10-11

    Subunit vaccines and their use for immunizing fish against infection by viruses are disclosed. In particular, plasmid pG8 is constructed by joining, with the plasmid pUC8, DNA which encodes the glycoprotein of infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV). E. coli cells are transformed by pG8, whereby pure viral antigen is produced to provide a vaccine for the control of IHNV in fish.

  1. Vaccine to Control the Viral Infection of Fish.

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Leong, JoAnn Ching

    1994-10-11

    Subunit vaccines and their use for immunizing fish against infection by viruses are disclosed. In particular, plasmid pG8 is constructed by joining, with the plasmid pUC8, DNA which encodes the glycoprotein of infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV). E. coli cells are transformed by pG8, whereby pure viral antigen is produced to provide a vaccine for the control of IHNV in fish. 10 figs.

  2. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    pri_sum_a_epg0_pg1_dmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_pri_sum_a_epg0_pg1_dmcf_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"2/26/2016 2:10:15

  3. DOE/EA-1752 FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE PACIFIC GAS AND ELECTRIC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    52 FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE PACIFIC GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY (PG&E) COMPRESSED AIR ENERGY STORAGE (CAES) COMPRESSION TESTING PHASE PROJECT, SAN JOAQUIN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory May 2014 DOE/EA-1752 FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE PACIFIC GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY (PG&E) COMPRESSED AIR ENERGY STORAGE (CAES) COMPRESSION TESTING PHASE PROJECT, SAN JOAQUIN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA U.S. Department of Energy National

  4. Innovation in the Interconnection Application Process

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Innovation in the Interconnection Application Process" Ken Parks, SDG&E and Bob Woerner, PG&E April 2, 2014 2 Purpose of Today's Meeting * Learn about recent innovations in the distributed PV interconnection process * Examine how certain challenges related to increased demand for distributed PV can be addressed through revised application processes and procedures * Hear specific examples from electric utilities in mature solar markets (SDG&E and PG&E) 3 Speakers Ken Parks

  5. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    pri_sum_a_epg0_pg1_dmcf_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_pri_sum_a_epg0_pg1_dmcf_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"2/26/2016 2:10:14

  6. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    sum_lsum_a_epg0_pg1_dmcf_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_sum_lsum_a_epg0_pg1_dmcf_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"2/26/2016 2:16:50

  7. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    sum_lsum_a_epg0_pg1_dmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_sum_lsum_a_epg0_pg1_dmcf_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"2/26/2016 2:16:52

  8. CASL-U-2015-0158-000

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 1 1 (1 ) 4 m m m G g g g m m m tg g pg dg d gg g g g m m m gT gB z S v t x y h ... G g n g gg n dg pg n m g n g tg n m g m n m g m S t v h t v y x ...

  9. CASL Milestone L3.RTM.SUP.P8.02

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 1 1 (1 ) 4 m m m G g g g m m m tg g pg dg d gg g g g m m m gT gB z S v t x y h h ... G g n g gg n dg pg n m g n g tg n m g m n m g m R S t v h t v y x p m y ...

  10. Kaw Nation - Wind Energy Project

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Project Wind Energy Project Pre Pre - - Development Phase Development Phase Bob Gaddis, P.E., P.G. Bob Gaddis, P.E., P.G. Utilities Commissioner & Utilities Commissioner & Acting Director Acting Director Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Development on Tribal Development on Tribal Lands Lands FY 2003 FY 2003 - - 06 Project 06 Project Dept. of Energy NREL Dept. of Energy NREL Oct 17 Oct 17 - - 20, 2005 20, 2005 Radisson Hotel Radisson Hotel Denver Stapleton Plaza Denver Stapleton Plaza

  11. 19F Cross Section

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    α, X) (Current as of 02/08/2016) NSR Reaction Eα (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2008UG01 19F(α, p): yield curves, σ 792 - 1993 keV X4 09/14/2011 2005UG04 19F(α, p1γ): excitation curve 1238 - 2009 keV 1 11/30/2011 19F(α, p0): excitation curve 1 19F(α, p1): excitation curve 1 1984CS01 19F(α, α): σ 1.5 - 3.7 X4 09/14/2011 1994CH36 19F(α, α): σ 1.5 - 4.5 X4 09/14/2011 2000WR01 19F(α, n): neutron yields and σ 2.28 - 3.10 X4 09/14/2011 1977VA10 19F(α, n): differential

  12. Geothermal Discovery Offers Hope for More Potential Across the Country

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In summer 2012, a team of geoscientists from the Utah Geological Survey (UGS) in cooperation with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) drilled seven geothermal gradient holes in Utah's Black Rock Desert basin to test a new concept of high temperature geothermal resources in sedimentary basins. Seven drill holes were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy as part of a National Geothermal Data System project, managed by the Arizona Geological Survey.

  13. Richard Gerber! NERSC User Services NUG Teleconference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    November 2013 --- 1 --- November 7, 2013 Connection Info --- 2 --- Connec*on I nfo Topic: N UG W eb C onference Date a nd T ime: Thursday, N ov. 7 , 2 013 1 1:00 a m, P acific S tandard T ime Event n umber: 6 63 5 54 4 41 Event p assword: e dison hNps://nersc---training.webex.com/ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Teleconference i nforma*on

  14. JLab Users Group

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    JLab Users Group Please upgrade your browser. This site's design is only visible in a graphical browser that supports web standards, but its content is accessible to any browser. Concerns? JLab Users Group User Liaison Home Users Group Program Advisory Committee User/Researcher Information print version UG Resources Background & Purpose Users Group Wiki By Laws Board of Directors Board of Directors Minutes Directory of Members Events At-A-Glance Member Institutions News Users Group Mailing

  15. The MicroBooNE Experiment - Collaboration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Collaboration (*) The MicroBooNE spokespeople are Bonnie Fleming (Yale) and Sam Zeller (FNAL) (+) The MicroBooNE project manager was Gina Rameika Updated collaboration list for presentations: powerpoint pdf map collaboration photo MicroBooNE organizational chart MicroBooNE contact list (password required) (IB) = Insititutional Board representative (PD) = postdoc (GS) = graduate student (UG) = undergraduate student Laboratory for High Energy Physics, University of Bern, Switzerland Martin Auger

  16. Coherence delay augmented laser beam homogenizer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, P.; Bernhardt, A.

    1993-06-29

    The geometrical restrictions on a laser beam homogenizer are relaxed by ug a coherence delay line to separate a coherent input beam into several components each having a path length difference equal to a multiple of the coherence length with respect to the other components. The components recombine incoherently at the output of the homogenizer, and the resultant beam has a more uniform spatial intensity suitable for microlithography and laser pantogography. Also disclosed is a variable aperture homogenizer, and a liquid filled homogenizer.

  17. Coherence delay augmented laser beam homogenizer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, Paul (Livermore, CA); Bernhardt, Anthony (Berkeley, CA)

    1993-01-01

    The geometrical restrictions on a laser beam homogenizer are relaxed by ug a coherence delay line to separate a coherent input beam into several components each having a path length difference equal to a multiple of the coherence length with respect to the other components. The components recombine incoherently at the output of the homogenizer, and the resultant beam has a more uniform spatial intensity suitable for microlithography and laser pantogography. Also disclosed is a variable aperture homogenizer, and a liquid filled homogenizer.

  18. CONFIRMATORY SURVEY OF THE FUEL OIL TANK AREA HUMBOLDT BAY POWER PLANT EUREKA, CALIFORNIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WADE C. ADAMS

    2012-04-09

    During the period of February 14 to 15, 2012, ORISE performed radiological confirmatory survey activities for the former Fuel Oil Tank Area (FOTA) and additional radiological surveys of portions of the Humboldt Bay Power Plant site in Eureka, California. The radiological survey results demonstrate that residual surface soil contamination was not present significantly above background levels within the FOTA. Therefore, it is ORISE’s opinion that the radiological conditions for the FOTA surveyed by ORISE are commensurate with the site release criteria for final status surveys as specified in PG&E’s Characterization Survey Planning Worksheet. In addition, the confirmatory results indicated that the ORISE FOTA survey unit Cs-137 mean concentrations results compared favorably with the PG&E FOTA Cs-137 mean concentration results, as determined by ORISE from the PG&E characterization data. The interlaboratory comparison analyses of the three soil samples analyzed by PG&E’s onsite laboratory and the ORISE laboratory indicated good agreement for the sample results and provided confidence in the PG&E analytical procedures and final status survey soil sample data reporting.

  19. Impact of mesophyll diffusion on estimated global land CO2 fertilization

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Sun, Ying; Gu, Lianhong; Dickinson, Robert E.; Norby, Richard J.; Pallardy, Stephen G.; Hoffman, Forrest M.

    2014-10-13

    In C3 plants, CO2 concentrations drop considerably along mesophyll diffusion pathways from substomatal cavities to chloroplasts where CO2 assimilation occurs. Global carbon cycle models have not explicitly represented this internal drawdown and so overestimate CO2 available for carboxylation and underestimate photosynthetic responsiveness to atmospheric CO2. An explicit consideration of mesophyll diffusion increases the modeled cumulative CO2 fertilization effect (CFE) for global gross primary production (GPP) from 915 PgC to 1057 PgC for the period of 1901 to 2010. This increase represents a 16% correction, large enough to explain the persistent overestimation of growth rates of historical atmospheric CO2 by Earthmore » System Models. Without this correction, the CFE for global GPP is underestimated by 0.05 PgC yr-1ppm-1. This finding implies that the contemporary terrestrial biosphere is more CO2-limited than previously thought.« less

  20. Atmospheric inversion of the surface carbon flux with consideration of the spatial distributions of US crop production and consumption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, J. M.; Fung, J. W.; Mo, G.; Deng, F.; West, Tristram O.

    2015-01-01

    In order to improve quantification of the spatial distribution of carbon sinks and sources in the conterminous USA, we conduct a nested global atmospheric inversion with consideration of the spatial information of crop production and consumption. Spatially distributed 5 county-level cropland net primary productivity, harvested biomass, soil carbon change, and human and livestock consumption data over the conterminous USA are used for this purpose. Time-dependent Bayesian synthesis inversions are conducted based on CO? observations at 210 stations to infer CO? fluxes globally at monthly time steps with a nested focus on 30 regions in North America. Prior land surface carbon 10 fluxes are first generated using a biospheric model, and the inversions are constrained using prior fluxes with and without adjustments for crop production and consumption over the 20022007 period. After these adjustments, the inverted regional carbon sink in the US Midwest increases from 0.25 0.03 Pg C yr? to 0.42 0.13 Pg C yr?, whereas the large sink in the US Southeast forest region is weakened from 0.410.12 Pg C yr? 15 to 0.29 0.12 Pg C yr?. These adjustments also reduce the inverted sink in the West region from 0.066 0.04 Pg C yr? to 0.040 0.02 Pg C yr?1 because of high crop consumption and respiration by humans and livestock. The general pattern of sink increase in crop production areas and sink decreases (or source increases) in crop consumption areas highlights the importance of considering the lateral carbon transfer in crop 20 products in atmospheric inverse modeling, which provides an atmospheric perspective of the overall carbon balance of a region.

  1. SREL Reprint #3073

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Isolation and characterization of tetranucleotide microsatellite markers in a mouth-brooding haplochromine cichlid fish (Pseudocrenilabrus multicolor victoriae) from Uganda Erika Crispo1, Cris Hagen2, Travis Glenn2, Geneviève Geneau3, and Lauren J. Chapman1 1Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Ave. Docteur Penfield, Montréal, Québec, Canada, H3A 1B1 2Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, University of Georgia, Savannah River Site, Aiken, South Carolina, 29802, USA 3Génome Québec

  2. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  3. TTW 12-1-05

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    , 2005 WIPP Quick Facts (As of 11-30-05) 4,110 Shipments received since opening 33,321 Cubic meters of waste disposed 72,865 Containers disposed in the underground Upcoming Holiday Parties WTS Kid's Party December 3 - 12:00 p.m. Mall Cinema Movies offered: Zathura (PG) and Harry Potter (PG-13) WTS Christmas Party December 3 - 5:30 p.m. Walter Gerrells Performing Arts & Exhibition Centre Annex CTAC Holiday Party December 12 - 6:00 p.m. Stevens Inn NMED issues draft permit The New Mexico

  4. the Y-12 Times, a newsletter for employees and friends of the Y-12 National Security Complex, September 2012

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Operations resume (pg. 2) Y-12 resumes nuclear operations Aug. 15. Phased Array (pg. 5) A Y-12 project brings sweet success to weld inspections. September 2012 Visit us! Whether you've been a Y-12 employee for one year or 40 years, the events of July 28 had an effect on your time here. Y-12ers have always considered themselves a family, and like family, we must work together to regain the confidence of interested groups. We know three people cut through fences and vandalized the Highly Enriched

  5. Rapid growth in CO2 emissions after the 2008-2009 global financial crisis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, Glen P.; Marland, Gregg; Le Quere, Corinne; Boden, Thomas A; Canadell, Josep; Raupach, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Global carbon dioxide emissions from fossil-fuel combustion and cement production grew 5.9% in 2010, surpassed 9 Pg of carbon (Pg C) for the first time, and more than offset the 1.4% decrease in 2009. The impact of the 2008 2009 global financial crisis (GFC) on emissions has been short-lived owing to strong emissions growth in emerging economies, a return to emissions growth in developed economies, and an increase in the fossil-fuel intensity of the world economy.

  6. O:ELECTRICEA-168-A.PDF

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    8-A I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C. §824a(e)). On February 25, 1998, in Order EA-168, the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) of the Department of Energy (DOE) authorized PG&E Energy Trading - Power, L.P. (PG&E), a power marketer, to transmit electric energy from the United States to Canada. The authorization will expire on February 25, 2000.

  7. 1127-A

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    S (8/14) Page 1 of 3 Form 1127-S GRA & UGS Program Travel Authorization and Expense Worksheet Return to Organization/Group Office for approval signature and review Name (First, Last, Middle) Permanent Address (P.O. Box, Street, City, State, Zip, Country) Z Number Group Contact for Questions Group Phone Mailstop Org. Code Project Code Cost Acct./Work Pkg. Percentage Dollar Amount Total $ 1. Itinerary (Include travel time enroute) Departure City and State Date of Departure Arrival City and

  8. Richard Gerber! NERSC User Services NUG Teleconference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    April 2013 --- 1 --- April 1 1, 2 013 Connection Info --- 2 --- Connec*on I nfo Topic: N UG W eb C onference Date a nd T ime: Thursday, A pril 1 1, 2 013 1 1:00 a m, P acific D aylight T ime ( San F rancisco, G MT---07:00) Event n umber: 2 91 8 25 5 7 Event p assword: e dison hTps://nersc---training.webex.com/ a nd c hose f rom t he l ist o f e vents.

  9. Richard Gerber! NERSC User Services NUG Teleconference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    January 2013 --- 1 --- January 1 0, 2 013 Connection Info --- 2 --- Connec*on I nfo Topic: N UG W eb C onference Date a nd T ime: Thursday, J anuary 1 0, 2 013 1 1:00 a m, P acific S tandard T ime ( San F rancisco, G MT---08:00) Event n umber: 6 66 6 25 9 79 Event p assword: h opper hSps://nersc---training.webex.com/ a nd c hose f rom t he l ist o f e vents.

  10. Richard Gerber! NERSC User Services NUG Teleconference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    June 2013 --- 1 --- June 6 , 2 013 Connection Info --- 2 --- Connec*on I nfo Topic: N UG W eb C onference Date a nd T ime: Thursday, J une 6 , 2 013 1 1:00 a m, P acific D aylight T ime ( San F rancisco, G MT---07:00) Event n umber: 6 62 3 77 6 26 Event p assword: e dison hRps://nersc---training.webex.com/ a nd c hose f rom t he l ist o f e vents.

  11. Richard Gerber! NERSC User Services NUG Teleconference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    May 2013 --- 1 --- May 2 , 2 013 Connection Info --- 2 --- Connec*on I nfo Topic: N UG W eb C onference Date a nd T ime: Thursday, M ay 2 , 2 013 1 1:00 a m, P acific D aylight T ime ( San F rancisco, G MT---07:00) Event n umber: 6 64 2 94 5 40 Event p assword: e dison hTps://nersc---training.webex.com/ a nd c hose f rom t he l ist o f e vents.

  12. Richard Gerber! Zhengji Zhao! NERSC User Services NUG Teleconference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8 , 2 013 Connection Info --- 2 --- Connec*on I nfo Topic: N UG W eb C onference Date a nd T ime: Thursday, M arch 7 , 2 013 1 1:00 a m, P acific S tandard T ime ( San F rancisco, G MT---08:00) Event n umber: 6 61 8 98 9 53 Event p assword: e dison hRps://nersc---training.webex.com/ a nd c hose f rom t he l ist o f e vents. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  13. Richard Gerber! Zhengji Zhao! NERSC User Services NUG Teleconference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 , 2 013 Connection Info --- 2 --- Connec*on I nfo Topic: N UG W eb C onference Date a nd T ime: Thursday, M arch 7 , 2 013 1 1:00 a m, P acific S tandard T ime ( San F rancisco, G MT---08:00) Event n umber: 6 61 8 98 9 53 Event p assword: e dison hRps://nersc---training.webex.com/ a nd c hose f rom t he l ist o f e vents. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  14. Mr. John E. Kieling, Chief Hazardous Waste Bureau

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A UG 1 7 2012 New Mexico Environment Department 2905 Rodeo Park Drive East, Building 1 Santa Fe , New Mexico 87505-6303 Subject: Notification of Sampling Line Loss, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Permit Number N M4890 139088-TS DF Dear Mr. Kieling : The purpose of this letter is to transmit notification of the loss of a hydrogen and methane monitoring system sampling line as required under Permit Condition 4.6.5.5. The sampling line that was lost is identified as line Panel 4 Room 5E, which is on

  15. Water Analytical Data Tables for 1CQ12.xls

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    C Analytical Results for Water Samples-First Quarter CY 2012 This page intentionally left blank Appendix C1 Analytical Results for Water Samples - First Quarter CY 2012 LOCATION_CODE LOCATION_TYPE DATE SAMPLED LAB REQUISITION NUMBER CAS ANALYTE SAMPLE ID RESULT UNITS LAB QUALIFIERS SAMPLE TYPE DETECTION LIMIT UNCER- TAINTY DATA VALIDATION QUALIFIERS 70193 WL 2/16/2012 12024361 71-55-6 1,1,1-Trichloroethane N001 0.16 ug/L U F 0.16 F 70193 WL 2/16/2012 12024361 79-34-5 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane

  16. United States

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    onp5fGonal Ruord United States of America . I. .' - PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE 9t?lh CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION United States Government Printing Office SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS Wash!ogtm. 0.C 20402 OFFICIAL BUSINESS Penalty for pwate use. sco Congressmal Record (USPS 087-390) Postage and Fees Pad I.) s ~lJ"er"ment Prlntlng OffIce 375 SECOND CLASS NEWSPAPER -...~-- -~- -- --- H 45' 78 ' cCJ~GRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE June 28, 1983 H.J. Res. 213: Mr. BOLAND, Mr. WAXM.UG Mr. OBERSTAR.

  17. Uqite.d States Government

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    * -> @-3SJ - .' I is ,., " =iFu^ (07-W)- Uqite.d States Government memorandum DATE: hUG 2 9 lgg4 REPLY TO EM-421 (W. A. W illiams, 427-1719) AlTN OF: /*J&y Department of Energy ' j I+.-, Y--f i i \ +, ' ,/. --2 SUBJECT: Elimination of the Sites from the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program To' The File In 1990, with the assistance of M r. reviewed a number of sites that had services to the Fernald facility as sites, recommdations were made to . . .- - - - Doug Toukay and

  18. Title

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    v Title Hydrogeologic Controls on the Movement of Ground Water at the NTS, Nye County, NV - A Summary Description for Environmental Restoration, (USGS Open file Report 92-xxxx) Author Laczniak, R. J., Cole, J. C, Sawyer D.A. and Trudeau, D. A. Document Date 5/7/92 Document Type Report Recipients DOE/NV 100960 ERC Index number 05.09.004 Box Number 1684-1 f May 7,1 BBS Draft subject to revision UG-TA C.I vrrsEIS i v r-rp.. JL. rryP RECORD # !_ ADMIN RECORDS O HYDROGEOLOGIC CONTROLS ON THE MOVEMENT

  19. Frequent-Interval Seismic CPTu

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Frequent-Interval Seismic CPTu D. Bruce Nothdurft, MSCE, PE, PG SRS Geotechnical Engineering Department Savannah River Nuclear Solutions Alec V. McGillivray, PhD, PE Geotechnical Consultant Brent J. Gutierrez, PhD, PE NPH Engineering Manager, DOE-SR

  20. EA-121-A Electric Clearinghouse, Inc. | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    A Electric Clearinghouse, Inc. EA-121-A Electric Clearinghouse, Inc. Order authorizing Electric Clearinghouse, Inc. to export electric energy to Mexico. PDF icon EA-121-A Electric Clearinghouse, Inc. More Documents & Publications EA-184 Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc. EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P EA-181 H.Q Energy Services (U.S) Inc

  1. EA-147-A Aquila Marketing Corporation | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    7-A Aquila Marketing Corporation EA-147-A Aquila Marketing Corporation Order authorizing Aquila Marketing Corporation to export electric energy to Mexico. PDF icon EA-147-A Aquila Marketing Corporation More Documents & Publications EA-184 Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc. EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P EA-181 H.Q Energy Services (U.S)

  2. EA-212 Coral Power, LLC | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Coral Power, LLC EA-212 Coral Power, LLC Order authorizing Coral Power, LLC to export electric energy to Mexico. PDF icon EA-212 Coral Power, LLC More Documents & Publications EA-212-A Coral Power, LLC EA-184 Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc. EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P

  3. EA-212-A Coral Power, LLC | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    -A Coral Power, LLC EA-212-A Coral Power, LLC Order authorizing Coral Power, LLC to export electric energy to Mexico. PDF icon EA-212-A Coral Power, LLC More Documents & Publications EA-212 Coral Power, LLC EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C

  4. Carbon Flux to the Atmosphere from Land-Use Changes: 1850 to 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Houghton, R.A.

    2001-02-22

    The database documented in this numeric data package, a revision to a database originally published by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) in 1995, consists of annual estimates, from 1850 through 1990, of the net flux of carbon between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere resulting from deliberate changes in land cover and land use, especially forest clearing for agriculture and the harvest of wood for wood products or energy. The data are provided on a year-by-year basis for nine regions (North America, South and Central America, Europe, North Africa and the Middle East, Tropical Africa, the Former Soviet Union, China, South and Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Developed Region) and the globe. Some data begin earlier than 1850 (e.g., for six regions, areas of different ecosystems are provided for the year 1700) or extend beyond 1990 (e.g., fuelwood harvest in South and Southeast Asia, by forest type, is provided through 1995). The global net flux during the period 1850 to 1990 was 124 Pg of carbon (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams). During this period, the greatest regional flux was from South and Southeast Asia (39 Pg of carbon), while the smallest regional flux was from North Africa and the Middle East (3 Pg of carbon). For the year 1990, the global total net flux was estimated to be 2.1 Pg of carbon.

  5. PROJECT SELECTIONS FOR DOE PHASE III XLERATOR SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAM |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy PROJECT SELECTIONS FOR DOE PHASE III XLERATOR SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAM PROJECT SELECTIONS FOR DOE PHASE III XLERATOR SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAM PDF icon SBIR_Phase_III.pdf More Documents & Publications SBIR_Phase_III.pdf PROJECT SELECTIONS FOR DOE PHASE III XLERATOR SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAM - pg 3 Albany HTS Power Cable

  6. Microsoft Word - Document1 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Document1 Microsoft Word - Document1 PDF icon Microsoft Word - Document1 More Documents & Publications SBIR_Phase_III.pdf PROJECT SELECTIONS FOR DOE PHASE III XLERATOR SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAM - pg 3 PROJECT SELECTIONS FOR DOE PHASE III XLERATOR SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAM

  7. Official Foreign Travel

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2012-04-02

    The order establishes DOE requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contractor employees. The Pg Chg removes the requirement to surrender official passports and replaces it with a process that requires travelers be responsible for safeguarding theirown official passports. Supersedes DOE O 551.1D, dated 4-12-12.

  8. SBIR_Phase_III.pdf | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    SBIR_Phase_III.pdf SBIR_Phase_III.pdf PDF icon SBIR_Phase_III.pdf More Documents & Publications PROJECT SELECTIONS FOR DOE PHASE III XLERATOR SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAM - pg 3 PROJECT SELECTIONS FOR DOE PHASE III XLERATOR SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAM Albany HTS Power Cable

  9. Comparison of IUPAC k0 Values and Neutron Cross Sections to Determine a Self-consistent Set of Data for Neutron Activation Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Firestone, Richard B; Revay, Zsolt

    2009-12-01

    Independent databases of nuclear constants for Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) have been independently maintained by the physics and chemistry communities for many year. They contain thermal neturon cross sections s0, standardization values k0, and transition probabilities Pg. Chemistry databases tend to rely upon direct measurements of the nuclear constants k0 and Pg which are often published in chemistry journals while the physics databases typically include evaluated s0 and Pg data from a variety of experiments published mainly in physics journals. The IAEA/LBNL Evaluated Gamma-ray Activation File (EGAF) also contains prompt and delayed g-ray cross sections sg from Prompt Gamma-ray Activation Analysis (PGAA) measurements that can also be used to determine k0 and s0 values. As a result several independent databases of fundamental constants for NAA have evolved containing slightly different and sometimes discrepant results. An IAEA CRP for a Reference Database for Neutron Activation Analysis was established to compare these databases and investigate the possibilitiy of producing a self-consistent set of s0, k0, sg, and Pg values for NAA and other applications. Preliminary results of this IAEA CRP comparison are given in this paper.

  10. Global patterns and controls of soil organic carbon dynamics as simulated by multiple terrestrial biosphere models: Current status and future directions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Tian, Hanqin; Lu, Chaoqun; Yang, Jia; Banger, Kamaljit; Huntzinger, Deborah N.; Schwalm, Christopher R.; Michalak, Anna M.; Cook, Robert; Ciais, Philippe; Hayes, Daniel; et al

    2015-06-05

    Soil is the largest organic carbon (C) pool of terrestrial ecosystems, and C loss from soil accounts for a large proportion of land-atmosphere C exchange. Therefore, a small change in soil organic C (SOC) can affect atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO₂) concentration and climate change. In the past decades, a wide variety of studies have been conducted to quantify global SOC stocks and soil C exchange with the atmosphere through site measurements, inventories, and empirical/process-based modeling. However, these estimates are highly uncertain, and identifying major driving forces controlling soil C dynamics remains a key research challenge. This study has compiled century-longmore » (1901–2010) estimates of SOC storage and heterotrophic respiration (Rh) from 10 terrestrial biosphere models (TBMs) in the Multi-scale Synthesis and Terrestrial Model Intercomparison Project and two observation-based data sets. The 10 TBM ensemble shows that global SOC estimate ranges from 425 to 2111 Pg C (1 Pg = 10¹⁵ g) with a median value of 1158 Pg C in 2010. The models estimate a broad range of Rh from 35 to 69 Pg C yr⁻¹ with a median value of 51 Pg C yr⁻¹ during 2001–2010. The largest uncertainty in SOC stocks exists in the 40–65°N latitude whereas the largest cross-model divergence in Rh are in the tropics. The modeled SOC change during 1901–2010 ranges from –70 Pg C to 86 Pg C, but in some models the SOC change has a different sign from the change of total C stock, implying very different contribution of vegetation and soil pools in determining the terrestrial C budget among models. The model ensemble-estimated mean residence time of SOC shows a reduction of 3.4 years over the past century, which accelerate C cycling through the land biosphere. All the models agreed that climate and land use changes decreased SOC stocks, while elevated atmospheric CO₂ and nitrogen deposition over intact ecosystems increased SOC stocks—even though the responses varied significantly among models. Model representations of temperature and moisture sensitivity, nutrient limitation, and land use partially explain the divergent estimates of global SOC stocks and soil C fluxes in this study. In addition, a major source of systematic error in model estimations relates to nonmodeled SOC storage in wetlands and peatlands, as well as to old C storage in deep soil layers.« less

  11. Global patterns and controls of soil organic carbon dynamics as simulated by multiple terrestrial biosphere models: Current status and future directions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tian, Hanqin; Lu, Chaoqun; Yang, Jia; Banger, Kamaljit; Huntzinger, Deborah N.; Schwalm, Christopher R.; Michalak, Anna M.; Cook, Robert; Ciais, Philippe; Hayes, Daniel; Huang, Maoyi; Ito, Akihiko; Jain, Atul K.; Lei, Huimin; Mao, Jiafu; Pan, Shufen; Post, Wilfred M.; Peng, Shushi; Poulter, Benjamin; Ren, Wei; Ricciuto, Daniel; Schaefer, Kevin; Shi, Xiaoying; Tao, Bo; Wang, Weile; Wei, Yaxing; Yang, Qichun; Zhang, Bowen; Zeng, Ning

    2015-06-05

    Soil is the largest organic carbon (C) pool of terrestrial ecosystems, and C loss from soil accounts for a large proportion of land-atmosphere C exchange. Therefore, a small change in soil organic C (SOC) can affect atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO?) concentration and climate change. In the past decades, a wide variety of studies have been conducted to quantify global SOC stocks and soil C exchange with the atmosphere through site measurements, inventories, and empirical/process-based modeling. However, these estimates are highly uncertain, and identifying major driving forces controlling soil C dynamics remains a key research challenge. This study has compiled century-long (19012010) estimates of SOC storage and heterotrophic respiration (Rh) from 10 terrestrial biosphere models (TBMs) in the Multi-scale Synthesis and Terrestrial Model Intercomparison Project and two observation-based data sets. The 10 TBM ensemble shows that global SOC estimate ranges from 425 to 2111 Pg C (1 Pg = 10? g) with a median value of 1158 Pg C in 2010. The models estimate a broad range of Rh from 35 to 69 Pg C yr? with a median value of 51 Pg C yr? during 20012010. The largest uncertainty in SOC stocks exists in the 4065N latitude whereas the largest cross-model divergence in Rh are in the tropics. The modeled SOC change during 19012010 ranges from 70 Pg C to 86 Pg C, but in some models the SOC change has a different sign from the change of total C stock, implying very different contribution of vegetation and soil pools in determining the terrestrial C budget among models. The model ensemble-estimated mean residence time of SOC shows a reduction of 3.4 years over the past century, which accelerate C cycling through the land biosphere. All the models agreed that climate and land use changes decreased SOC stocks, while elevated atmospheric CO? and nitrogen deposition over intact ecosystems increased SOC stockseven though the responses varied significantly among models. Model representations of temperature and moisture sensitivity, nutrient limitation, and land use partially explain the divergent estimates of global SOC stocks and soil C fluxes in this study. In addition, a major source of systematic error in model estimations relates to nonmodeled SOC storage in wetlands and peatlands, as well as to old C storage in deep soil layers.

  12. A case report of motor neuron disease in a patient showing significant level of DDTs, HCHs and organophosphate metabolites in hair as well as levels of hexane and toluene in blood

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kanavouras, Konstantinos; Tzatzarakis, Manolis N.; Mastorodemos, Vasileios; Plaitakis, Andreas; Tsatsakis, Aristidis M.

    2011-11-15

    Motor neuron disease is a devastating neurodegenerative condition, with the majority of sporadic, non-familial cases being of unknown etiology. Several epidemiological studies have suggested that occupational exposure to chemicals may be associated with disease pathogenesis. We report the case of a patient developing progressive motor neuron disease, who was chronically exposed to pesticides and organic solvents. The patient presented with leg spasticity and developed gradually clinical signs suggestive of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, which was supported by the neurophysiologic and radiological findings. Our report is an evidence based case of combined exposure to organochlorine (DDTs), organophosphate pesticides (OPs) and organic solvents as confirmed by laboratory analysis in samples of blood and hair confirming systematic exposure. The concentration of non-specific dialkylphosphates metabolites (DAPs) of OPs in hair (dimethyphopshate (DMP) 1289.4 pg/mg and diethylphosphate (DEP) 709.4 pg/mg) and of DDTs (opDDE 484.0 pg/mg, ppDDE 526.6 pg/mg, opDDD 448.4 pg/mg, ppDDD + opDDT 259.9 pg/mg and ppDDT 573.7 pg/mg) were considerably significant. Toluene and n-hexane were also detected in blood on admission at hospital and quantified (1.23 and 0.87 {mu}g/l, respectively), while 3 months after hospitalization blood testing was found negative for toluene and n-hexane and hair analysis was provided decrease levels of HCHs, DDTs and DAPs. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Exposure to pesticides and organic solvents might be a risk factor for sporadic MND. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We report a patient who developed progressive upper and lower motor neuron disease. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The patient had a history of occupational exposure to pesticides and solvents. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer High DDTs' levels and increased levels of DMP and DEP were measured in his hair. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The patients' exposure to chemicals might have played a role in MND development.

  13. Dynamics of water in prussian blue analogues: Neutron scattering study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharma, V. K.; Mitra, S.; Thakur, N.; Yusuf, S. M.; Mukhopadhyay, R.; Juranyi, Fanni

    2014-07-21

    Dynamics of crystal water in Prussian blue (PB), Fe(III){sub 4}[Fe(II)(CN){sub 6}]{sub 3}.14H{sub 2}O and its analogue Prussian green (PG), ferriferricynaide, Fe(III){sub 4}[Fe(III)(CN){sub 6}]{sub 4}.16H{sub 2}O have been investigated using Quasielastic Neutron Scattering (QENS) technique. PB and its analogue compounds are important materials for their various interesting multifunctional properties. It is known that crystal water plays a crucial role towards the multifunctional properties of Prussian blue analogue compounds. Three structurally distinguishable water molecules: (i) coordinated water molecules at empty nitrogen sites, (ii) non-coordinated water molecules in the spherical cavities, and (iii) at interstitial sites exist in PB. Here spherical cavities are created due to the vacant sites of Fe(CN){sub 6} units. However, PG does not have any such vacant N or Fe(CN){sub 6} units, and only one kind of water molecules, exists only at interstitial sites. QENS experiments have been carried out on both the compounds in the temperature range of 260360?K to elucidate the dynamical behavior of different kinds of water molecules. Dynamics is found to be much more pronounced in case of PB, compared to PG. A detailed data analysis showed that localized translational diffusion model could describe the observed data for both PB and PG systems. The average diffusion coefficient is found to be much larger in the PB than PG. The obtained domain of dynamics is found to be consistent with the geometry of the structure of the two systems. Combining the data of the two systems, a quantitative estimate of the dynamics, corresponding to the water molecules at different locations is made.

  14. Change of translational-rotational coupling in liquids revealed by field-cycling {sup 1}H NMR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, R.; Schneider, E.; Rssler, E. A.

    2015-01-21

    Applying the field-cycling nuclear magnetic resonance technique, the frequency dependence of the {sup 1}H spin-lattice relaxation rate, R{sub 1}(?)=T{sub 1}{sup ?1}(?), is measured for propylene glycol (PG) which is increasingly diluted with deuterated chloroform. A frequency range of 10 kHz20 MHz and a broad temperature interval from 220 to about 100 K are covered. The results are compared to those of experiments, where glycerol and o-terphenyl are diluted with their deuterated counter-part. Reflecting intra- as well as intermolecular relaxation, the dispersion curves R{sub 1}(?,x) (x denotes mole fraction PG) allow to extract the rotational time constant ?{sub rot}(T, x) and the self-diffusion coefficient D(T, x) in a single experiment. The Stokes-Einstein-Debye (SED) relation is tested in terms of the quantity D(T, x) ?{sub rot}(T, x) which provides a measure of an effective hydrodynamic radius or equivalently of the spectral separation of the translational and the rotational relaxation contribution. In contrast to o-terphenyl, glycerol and PG show a spectral separation much larger than suggested by the SED relation. In the case of PG/chloroform mixtures, not only an acceleration of the PG dynamics is observed with increasing dilution but also the spectral separation of rotational and translational relaxation contributions continuously decreases. Finally, following a behavior similar to that of o-terphenyl already at about x = 0.6; i.e., while D(T, x) ?{sub rot}(T, x) in the mixture is essentially temperature independent, it strongly increases with x signaling thus a change of translational-rotational coupling. This directly reflects the dissolution of the hydrogen-bond network and thus a change of solution structure.

  15. Prognostic Importance of Gleason 7 Disease Among Patients Treated With External Beam Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer: Results of a Detailed Biopsy Core Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spratt, Daniel E.; Zumsteg, Zach; Ghadjar, Pirus; Pangasa, Misha; Pei, Xin; Fine, Samson W.; Yamada, Yoshiya; Kollmeier, Marisa; Zelefsky, Michael J.

    2013-04-01

    Purpose: To analyze the effect of primary Gleason (pG) grade among a large cohort of Gleason 7 prostate cancer patients treated with external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). Methods and Materials: From May 1989 to January 2011, 1190 Gleason 7 patients with localized prostate cancer were treated with EBRT at a single institution. Of these patients, 613 had a Gleason 7 with a minimum of a sextant biopsy with nonfragmented cores and full biopsy core details available, including number of cores of cancer involved, percentage individual core involvement, location of disease, bilaterality, and presence of perineural invasion. Median follow-up was 6 years (range, 1-16 years). The prognostic implication for the following outcomes was analyzed: biochemical recurrence-free survival (bRFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), and prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM). Results: The 8-year bRFS rate for pG3 versus pG4 was 77.6% versus 61.3% (P<.0001), DMFS was 96.8% versus 84.3% (P<.0001), and PCSM was 3.7% versus 8.1% (P=.002). On multivariate analysis, pG4 predicted for significantly worse outcome in all parameters. Location of disease (apex, base, mid-gland), perineural involvement, maximum individual core involvement, and the number of Gleason 3+3, 3+4, or 4+3 cores did not predict for distant metastases. Conclusions: Primary Gleason grade 4 independently predicts for worse bRFS, DMFS, and PCSM among Gleason 7 patients. Using complete core information can allow clinicians to utilize pG grade as a prognostic factor, despite not having the full pathologic details from a prostatectomy specimen. Future staging and risk grouping should investigate the incorporation of primary Gleason grade when complete biopsy core information is used.

  16. Evaluation of kinetic phosphorescence analysis for the determination of uranium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Croatto, P.V.; Frank, I.W.; Johnson, K.D.; Mason, P.B.; Smith, M.M.

    1997-12-01

    In the past, New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) has used a fluorometric method for the determination of sub-microgram quantities of uranium. In its continuing effort to upgrade and improve measurement technology, NBL has evaluated the commercially-available KPA-11 kinetic phosphorescence analyzer (Chemchek, Richland, WA). The Chemchek KPA-11 is a bench-top instrument which performs single-measurement, quench-corrected analyses for trace uranium. It incorporates patented kinetic phosphorimetry techniques to measure and analyze sample phosphorescence as a function of time. With laser excitation and time-corrected photon counting, the KPA-11 has a lower detection limit than conventional fluorometric methods. Operated with a personal computer, the state-of-the-art KPA-11 offers extensive time resolution and phosphorescence lifetime capabilities for additional specificity. Interferences are thereby avoided while obtaining precise measurements. Routine analyses can be easily and effectively accomplished, with the accuracy and precision equivalent to the pulsed-laser fluorometric method presently performed at NBL, without the need for internal standards. Applications of kinetic phosphorimetry at NBL include the measurement of trace level uranium in retention tank, waste samples, and low-level samples. It has also been used to support other experimental activities at NBL by the measuring of nanogram amounts of uranium contamination (in blanks) in isotopic sample preparations, and the determining of elution curves of different ion exchange resins used for uranium purification. In many cases, no pretreatment of samples was necessary except to fume them with nitric acid, and then to redissolve and dilute them to an appropriate concentration with 1 M HNO{sub 3} before measurement. Concentrations were determined on a mass basis ({micro}g U/g of solution), but no density corrections were needed since all the samples (including the samples used for calibration) were in the same density matrix (1 M HNO{sub 3}). A statistical evaluation of the determination of uranium using kinetic phosphorimetry is described in this report, along with a discussion of the method, and an evaluation of the use of plastic versus quartz cuvettes. Measurement with a precision of {+-} 3--4% relative standard deviation (RSD) and an accuracy of better than {+-} 2% relative difference (RD) are obtained in the 0.0006 to 5 {micro}g U/g-solution range. The instrument detection limit is 0.04 ppb (4 x 10{sup {minus}5} {micro}g U/g solution) using quartz cells, and 0.11 ppb (11 x 10{sup {minus}5} {micro}g U/g solution) using disposable methacrylate cuvettes.

  17. CHARACTERIZATION OF CONDITIONS OF NATURAL GAS STORAGE RESERVOIRS AND DESIGN AND DEMONSTRATION OF REMEDIAL TECHNIQUES FOR DAMAGE MECHANISMS FOUND THEREIN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J.H. Frantz Jr; K.G. Brown; W.K. Sawyer; P.A. Zyglowicz; P.M. Halleck; J.P. Spivey

    2004-12-01

    The underground gas storage (UGS) industry uses over 400 reservoirs and 17,000 wells to store and withdrawal gas. As such, it is a significant contributor to gas supply in the United States. It has been demonstrated that many UGS wells show a loss of deliverability each year due to numerous damage mechanisms. Previous studies estimate that up to one hundred million dollars are spent each year to recover or replace a deliverability loss of approximately 3.2 Bscf/D per year in the storage industry. Clearly, there is a great potential for developing technology to prevent, mitigate, or eliminate the damage causing deliverability losses in UGS wells. Prior studies have also identified the presence of several potential damage mechanisms in storage wells, developed damage diagnostic procedures, and discussed, in general terms, the possible reactions that need to occur to create the damage. However, few studies address how to prevent or mitigate specific damage types, and/or how to eliminate the damage from occurring in the future. This study seeks to increase our understanding of two specific damage mechanisms, inorganic precipitates (specifically siderite), and non-darcy damage, and thus serves to expand prior efforts as well as complement ongoing gas storage projects. Specifically, this study has resulted in: (1) An effective lab protocol designed to assess the extent of damage due to inorganic precipitates; (2) An increased understanding of how inorganic precipitates (specifically siderite) develop; (3) Identification of potential sources of chemical components necessary for siderite formation; (4) A remediation technique that has successfully restored deliverability to storage wells damaged by the inorganic precipitate siderite (one well had nearly a tenfold increase in deliverability); (5) Identification of the types of treatments that have historically been successful at reducing the amount of non-darcy pressure drop in a well, and (6) Development of a tool that can be used by operators to guide treatment selection in wells with significant non-darcy damage component. In addition, the effectiveness of the remediation treatment designed to reduce damage caused by the inorganic precipitate siderite was measured, and the benefits of this work are extrapolated to the entire U.S. storage industry. Similarly the potential benefits realized from more effective identification and treatment of wells with significant nondarcy damage component are also presented, and these benefits are also extrapolated to the entire U.S. storage industry.

  18. Low-Cost Methane Liquefaction Plant and Vehicle Refueling Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    B. Wilding; D. Bramwell

    1999-01-01

    The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) is currently negotiating a collaborative effort with Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) that will advance the use of liquefied natural gas (LNG) as a vehicle fuel. We plan to develop and demonstrate a small-scale methane liquefaction plant (production of 5,000 to 10,000 gallons per day) and a low-cost ($150,000) LNG refueling station to supply fuel to LNG-powered transit buses and other heavy-duty vehicles. INEEL will perform the research and development work. PG&E will deploy the new facilities commercially in two demonstration projects, one in northern California, and one in southern California.

  19. Synthesis of nano-crystalline hydroxyapatite and ammonium sulfate from phosphogypsum waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mousa, Sahar; King Abdulaziz University, Science and Art College, Chemistry Department, Rabigh Campus, P.O. Box:344, Postal code: 21911 Rabigh ; Hanna, Adly

    2013-02-15

    Graphical abstract: TEM micrograph of dried HAP at 800 C. -- Abstract: Phosphogypsum (PG) waste which is derived from phosphoric acid manufacture by using wet method was converted into hydroxyapatite (HAP) and ammonium sulfate. Very simple method was applied by reacting PG with phosphoric acid in alkaline medium with adjusting pH using ammonia solution. The obtained nano-HAP was dried at 80 C and calcined at 600 C and 900 C for 2 h. Both of HAP and ammonium sulfate were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and infrared spectroscopy (IR) to study the structural evolution. The thermal behavior of nano-HAP was studied; the particle size and morphology were estimated by using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). All the results showed that HAP nano-crystalline and ammonium sulfate can successfully be produced from phosphogypsum waste.

  20. Evaluation of negative ion distribution changes by image processing diagnostic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ikeda, K. Nakano, H.; Tsumori, K.; Kisaki, M.; Nagaoka, K.; Tokuzawa, T.; Osakabe, M.; Takeiri, Y.; Kaneko, O.; Geng, S.

    2015-04-08

    Distributions of hydrogen Balmer-α (H{sub α}) intensity and its reduction behavior close to a plasma grid (PG) surface have been observed by a spectrally selective imaging system in an arc discharge type negative hydrogen ion source in National Institute for Fusion Science. H{sub α} reduction indicates a reduction of negative hydrogen ions because the mutual neutralization process between H{sup +} and H{sup −} ions causes the dominant excitation process for H{sub α} emission in the rich H{sup −} condition such as in ionic plasma. We observed a significant change in H{sub α} reduction distribution due to change in the bias voltage, which is used to suppress the electron influx. Small H{sub α} reduction in higher bias is likely because the production of negative ions is suppressed by the potential difference between the plasma and PG surface.

  1. Laser photodetachment diagnostics of a 1/3-size negative hydrogen ion source for NBI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geng, S.; Tsumori, K.; Nakano, H.; Kisaki, M.; Ikeda, K.; Takeiri, Y.; Osakabe, M.; Nagaoka, K.; Kaneko, O.

    2015-04-08

    To investigate the flows of charged particles in front of the plasma grid (PG) in a negative hydrogen ion source, the information of the local densities of electrons and negative hydrogen ions (H-) are necessary. For this purpose, the laser photodetachment is applied for pure hydrogen plasmas and Cs-seeded plasma in a 1/3-size negative hydrogen ion source in NIFS-NBI test stand. The H- density obtained by photodetachment is calibrated by the results from cavity ring-down (CRD). The pressure dependence and PG bias dependence of the local H- density are presented and discussed. The results show that H- density increases significantly by seeding Cs into the plasma. In Cs-seeded plasma, relativity exists between the H- ion density and plasma potential.

  2. APPENDICES

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    GS13: North Walnut Creek Above Pond A-1 A.1.11 GS31: Woman Creek at Pond C-2 Outlet A.1.12 GS33: No Name Gulch at Walnut Creek A.1.13 GS51: Ditch South of Former 903 Pad A.1.14 GS59: Woman Creek Upstream of Antelope Springs Confluence A.1.15 B5INFLOW: South Walnut Creek Above Pond B-5 A.1.16 SW027: South Interceptor Ditch at Pond C-2 A.1.17 SW093: North Walnut Creek 1,300 feet Upstream of A-1 Bypass A.2 Precipitation Data A.2.1 PG58: Gaging Station GS01 A.2.2 PG59: Gaging Station GS03 A.2.3

  3. NREL: Transportation Research - NREL Helps Utilities Develop Next

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Generation Plug-in Hybrid Electric Trucks Helps Utilities Develop Next Generation Plug-in Hybrid Electric Trucks Photo of utility truck under test in a laboratory setting. A computer monitor is attached to the side of the vehicle, with multiple cords extending below the monitor and away from the vehicle. PG&E utility vehicle undergoes testing at NREL's Energy Systems Integration Facility. Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL January 21, 2015 NREL's fleet test and evaluation, electric vehicle

  4. Natural Gas Weekly Update

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    2.99 2.65 2.66 2.71 2.71 PG&E citygate 2.73 2.73 2.99 2.69 2.49 2.66 2.66 So. Cal. Border Avg. 2.61 2.61 2.85 2.56 2.49 2.60 2.60 Futures (MMBtu) January delivery closed...

  5. West Berkeley Public Library

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Berkeley, CA The West Berkeley Public Library, first opened in December 2013, is the first publicly funded Zero Net Energy public library in California. The library takes advantage of many innovative technologies and passive design strategies to achieve its Zero Net Energy goals. The project's Building Team, led by Harley Ellis Deveraux, partnered with PG&E's Savings By Design program to perform early-stage design analyses including climate modeling, computational fluid dynamics, daylighting, solar modeling, and energy simulations.

  6. Rebates motivate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kauffman, L.

    1985-10-01

    This article discusses a program implemented by Pacific Gas and Electric in 1984 to offer cash rebates as an incentive to ''unmotivated'' customers to make their homes and businesses more energy efficient. The Cashback program grew out of PG and E's existing financing programs for residential customers, which were developed during the late 1970's to encourage home conservation improvements. It is concluded that the rebates in fact are the most effective trigger for energy-efficient equipment conversions.

  7. Evaluation of evolving residential electricity tariffs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lai, Judy; DeForest, Nicholas; Kiliccote, Sila; Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris; Donadee, Jon

    2011-05-15

    Residential customers in California's Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) territory have seen several electricity rate structure changes in the past decade. This poster: examines the history of the residential pricing structure and key milestones; summarizes and analyzes the usage between 2006 and 2009 for different baseline/climate areas; discusses the residential electricity Smart Meter roll out; and compares sample bills for customers in two climates under the current pricing structure and also the future time of use (TOU) structure.

  8. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Can Ice-Nucleating Aerosols Affect Arctic Seasonal Climate? Submitter: Prenni, A. J., Colorado State University Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Prenni, A. J., J. Y. Harrington, M. Tjernstrom, P. J. DeMott, A. Avramov, C. N. Long, S. M. Kreidenweis, P. Q. Olsson, and J. Verlinde, (2006): Can Ice-Nucleating Aerosols Affect Arctic Seasonal Climate?, BAMS, Vol.88, Iss. 4; pg. 541-550. ACIA, 2004: Impacts of a Warming

  9. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pacific Gas & Electric Company |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Pacific Gas & Electric Company Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pacific Gas & Electric Company Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pacific Gas & Electric Company In keeping with its strong support for clean transportation, PG&E employees now have an opportunity to charge plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) at seven locations, including the main office in San Francisco, Oakland airport, several sites in San Ramon, and one in San Luis Obispo starting

  10. Hydrogenolysis Of 5-Carbon Sugars, Sugar Alcohols And Compositions For Reactions Involving Hydrogen

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Werpy, Todd A. (West Richland, WA); Frye, Jr., John G. (Richland, WA); Zacher, Alan H. (Kennewick, WA); Miller, Dennis J. (Okemos, MI)

    2004-01-13

    Methods and compositions for reactions of hydrogen over a Re-containing catalyst with compositions containing a 5-carbon sugar, sugar alcohol, or lactic acid are described. It has been surprisingly discovered that reaction with hydrogen over a Re-containing multimetallic catalyst resulted in superior conversion and selectivity to desired products such as propylene glycol. A process for the synthesis of PG from lactate or lactic acid is also described.

  11. Hydrogenolysis of 5-carbon sugars, sugar alcohols, and methods of making propylene glycol

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Werpy, Todd A [West Richland, WA; Zacher, Alan H [Kennewick, WA

    2006-05-02

    Methods and compositions for reactions of hydrogen over a Re-containing catalyst with compositions containing a 5-carbon sugar, sugar alcohol, or lactic acid are described. It has been surprisingly discovered that reaction with hydrogen over a Re-containing multimetallic catalyst resulted in superior conversion and selectivity to desired products such as propylene glycol. A process for the synthesis of PG from lactate or lactic acid is also described.

  12. Hydrogenolysis of 5-carbon sugars, sugar alcohols, and other methods and compositions for reactions involving hydrogen

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Werpy, Todd A [West Richland, WA; Zacher, Alan H [Kennewick, WA

    2002-11-12

    Methods and compositions for reactions of hydrogen over a Re-containing catalyst with compositions containing a 5-carbon sugar, sugar alcohol, or lactic acid are described. It has been surprisingly discovered that reaction with hydrogen over a Re-containing multimetallic catalyst resulted in superior conversion and selectivity to desired products such as propylene glycol. A process for the synthesis of PG from lactate or lactic acid is also described.

  13. The Princeton Tritium Observatory for Light, Early Universe, Massive Neutrino Yield (PTOLEMY) Prototype

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Princeton Tritium Observatory for Light, Early Universe, Massive Neutrino Yield (PTOLEMY) Tritium Focus Group Meeting Sept 24, 2014 C.A. Gentile and P.G. Efthimion on behalf of the PTOLEMY team Motivation * Big bang relic neutrinos are predicted to be amongst the oldest and smallest particles in the universe. Information on their mass and density would significantly enhance our understanding of elementary particles, the ways in which mass is distributed, and the formation of the universe. *

  14. EA-145-A British Columbia Power Exchange Corporation | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    A British Columbia Power Exchange Corporation EA-145-A British Columbia Power Exchange Corporation Order authorizing British Columbia Power Exchange Corporation to export electric energy to Mexico. PDF icon EA-145-A British Columbia Power Exchange Corporation More Documents & Publications EA-184 Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc. EA-171-A Powerex EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P

  15. EA-176-A Sempra Energy Trading Corporation | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    -A Sempra Energy Trading Corporation EA-176-A Sempra Energy Trading Corporation Order authorizing Sempra Energy Trading Corporation to export electric energy to Mexico. PDF icon EA-176-A Sempra Energy Trading Corporation More Documents & Publications EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C EA-184 Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc.

  16. EA-208 Williams Energy Marketing and Trading Company | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    8 Williams Energy Marketing and Trading Company EA-208 Williams Energy Marketing and Trading Company Order authorizing Williams Energy Marketing and Trading Company to export electric energy to Mexico. PDF icon EA-208 Williams Energy Marketing and Trading Company More Documents & Publications EA-184 Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc. EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C

  17. EA-210 PP&L EnergyPlus Company | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    PP&L EnergyPlus Company EA-210 PP&L EnergyPlus Company Order authorizing PP&L EnergyPlus Company to export electric energy to Canda. PDF icon EA-210 PP&L EnergyPlus Company More Documents & Publications EA-162 PP&L, Inc Ea-168-A PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P EA-196-A Minnesota Power, Sales

  18. EA-223 CMS Marketing, Services and Trading Company | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    3 CMS Marketing, Services and Trading Company EA-223 CMS Marketing, Services and Trading Company Order authorizing CMS Marketing, Services and Trading Company to export electric energy to Canada. PDF icon EA-223 CMS Marketing, Services and Trading Company More Documents & Publications Ea-168-A PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P EA-196-A Minnesota Power, Sales EA-220-A NRG

  19. EA-247 AES NewEnergy Inc | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AES NewEnergy Inc EA-247 AES NewEnergy Inc Order authorizing AES NewEnergy Inc to export electric energy to Mexico. PDF icon EA-247 AES NewEnergy Inc More Documents & Publications EA-184 Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc. EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P EA-181 H.Q Energy Services (U.S)

  20. EA-261 UBS AG, London Branch | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    1 UBS AG, London Branch EA-261 UBS AG, London Branch Order authorizing UBS AG, London Branch to export electric energy to Mexico. PDF icon EA-261 UBS AG, London Branch More Documents & Publications EA-184 Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc. EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P EA-181 H.Q Energy Services (U.S

  1. Radiation Safety Work Control Form

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Radiation Safety Work Control Form (see instructions on pg-3) Rev. May 2014 Area: Form #: Date: Preliminary Applicability Screen: (a) Will closing the beam line injection stoppers mitigate the radiological hazards introduced by the proposed work? Yes No (b) Can the closed state of the beam line injection stoppers be assured during the proposed work (ie., work does NOT involve injection stoppers or associated HPS)? Yes No If the answers to both questions are yes, the work can be performed safely

  2. © Copyright 2013, First Solar, Inc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Presented at the 2013 Sandia PV Performance Modeling Workshop Santa Clara, CA. May 1-2, 2013 Published by Sandia National Laboratories with the Permission of the Author. 2 © Copyright 2013, First Solar, Inc. Performance Guarantees The goal: provide insight into the operation of a PV power plant including modules, DC BOS, inverters, AC components through modeling and analysis. What is not included in PG: * Weather * Irradiance/Tamb/Windspeed * Soiling * Spectrum * Availability * Part of the

  3. Haverford College Researchers Create Carbon Dioxide-Separating Polymer

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Haverford College Researchers Create Carbon Dioxide-Separating Polymer Haverford College Researchers Create Carbon Dioxide-Separating Polymer August 1, 2012 Rebecca Raber, rraber@haverford.edu, +1 610 896 1038 gtoc.jpg Carbon dioxide gas separation is important for many environmental and energy applications. Molecular dynamics simulations are used to characterize a two-dimensional hydrocarbon polymer, PG-ES1, that uses a combination of surface adsorption and narrow pores to separate carbon

  4. Chlorinated dibenzofurans and dioxins in atmospheric samples from cities in New York

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, R.M.; O'Keefe, P.W.; Aldous, K.M.; Valente, H.; Connor, S.P.; Donnelly, R.J. )

    1990-10-01

    Chlorinated dibenzofurans and chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins were detected in air samples from Albany, Binghamton, Utica, and Niagara Falls, NY, in concentrations ranging up to 8.8 pg/m{sup 3}. The air results showed a variety of homologue distributions including a previously unreported one dominated by lower chlorinated CDFs, which may result following particulate fallout. Other results were more typical of urban and suburban air that is subject to the processes of atmospheric aging as reported in the literature.

  5. Multispectral UV Fluorescence Detection of a Dilute Constituent in an Optically Dense Matrix

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chan, O.H.; Gray, P.C., Wehlburg, C.M.; Rubenstein, R.; Tisone, G.C.; Wagner, J.S.

    1998-10-15

    Multispectral UV fluorescence measurements were made of an optically dense medium (fetal bovine serum, FBS) spiked with sodium salicylate at concentrate ions from 0.2 to 500 pg/ml . Analysis of the spectra show that, depending on experimental conditions, reasonably good estimates of concentration can be obtained across the entire range of concentrate ions. Experimental conditions required for recovering these estimates are demonstrated.

  6. Better Buildings Residential Network Peer Exchange Call Series: Community Organizing and Outreach. Call Slides and Discussion Summary, April 23, 2015

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Community Organizing and Outreach Call Slides and Discussion Summary April 23, 2015 Agenda  Call Logistics and Introductions  Opening Poll  Residential Network and Peer Exchange Call Overview  Featured Speakers  Brad Smith, Sustainability Specialist, Boulder County, CO  Elise Ehrheart, Senior Program Specialist, Ecology Action - PG&E Home Upgrade Program  Lindsey Hardy, Project Director for Bend Energy Challenge, The Environmental Center, OR  Discussion  What

  7. Microsoft PowerPoint - Interconnection-20120419-SEPA-Basso.ppsx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Grid Integration Workshop - Session 4 (April 19, 2012) Moderator: T. Basso (NREL) pg 1 Can IEEE 1547 Meet Future Industry Needs? PV Grid Integration Workshop Co-hosted by DOE, EPRI, SNL, SEPA, and NREL P l S i 4 I t ti NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Panel Session 4 -- Interconnection Standards: Utility & Industry Perceptions moderated by

  8. Appendix A Annotated Executive Summary

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Annotated Executive Summary from the 1998 Final Remedial Investigation for Operable Unit I11 of the Monticello Mill Tailings Site This page intentionally left blank Document Number Q0003300 Executive Summary Executive Summary mare to'Volume I ol Introduction 1 on 1.1 { onl. . of Ulc Investigation, pg 1-1 ) This report presents results of the remedial investigation (RI) conducted for Operable Unit (OU) III of the Monticello Mill Tailings Site (MMTS). The purpose of the RI was to collect

  9. NE-24 Designation of Universal Cyclops, Inc., Titusville Plant

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Universal Cyclops, Inc., Titusville Plant Pennsylvania, for Remedial iiction under the Formerly Uti Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) J. LaGrone, Manager Oak Ridge Operations Office Aliquippa, iized Sites pg!. " * 1 ' j---' R , 7. Based on the data in the attached report, it has been determined that the subject site is contaminated with radioactive residues as a result of Manhattan Engineer District/Atomic Energy Commission operations at the site. The contamination is in excess of acceptable

  10. Strategic Energy Planning Project: Santa Ynez Chumash Environmental Office

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    TITLE Name of Presenter Str ategic Ener gy Planning Project Santa Ynez Chumash Environmental Office Cher lyn Ser uto J osh Simmons Ener gy Specialist Environmental Director Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians November 15, 2011 Step 1: Know Our Energy Use Casino Hotel Residences Tribal Hall and Health Clinic Employee Resource Center Restauraunt Gas Station Step 2: Envision our Energy Future Step 3: Assess our Options * Whole Building Energy Management Ø PG&E Integrated Energy Audit Ø Gas

  11. Integrated Safety Management Policy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    INTEGRATED SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM DESCRIPTION U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Environmental Management Headquarters May 2008 Preparation: Braj K. sin& Occupational Safety and Health Manager Office of Safety Management Concurrence: Chuan-Fu wu Director, Offlce of Safety Management Deputy Assistant Secretary for safe& Management andoperations Operations Officer for 1 Environmental Management Approval: Date p/-g Date Environmental Management TABLE OF CONTENTS

  12. Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Across U.S. Industry | Department of Energy Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges Across U.S. Industry Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges Across U.S. Industry PDF icon eip_report_pg9.pdf More Documents & Publications ITP Energy Intensive Processes: Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges Across U.S. Industry Energy Technology Solutions Energy Technology Solutions: Public-Private

  13. Frequent-Interval Seismic CPTu

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Frequent-Interval Seismic CPTu D. Bruce Nothdurft, MSCE, PE, PG SRS Geotechnical Engineering Department Savannah River Nuclear Solutions Alec V. McGillivray, PhD, PE Geotechnical Consultant Brent J. Gutierrez, PhD, PE NPH Engineering Manager, DOE-SR Motivation  The seismic piezocone penetration test (SCPTu) utilized at SRS because it provides rapid and thorough site characterization.  Evaluation of non-linear soil behavior...  detailed stratigraphy  small-strain velocity measurements

  14. Cleanup of the Oak Ridge Reservation Building the Future by Cleaning up the Past

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Groundwater Strategy Status Dennis Mayton DOE Groundwater Program Project Manager, P.G. Oak Ridge Office of Environmental Management www.energy.gov/EM 2 Groundwater Strategy put in place to document path forward for managing legacy groundwater challenges * Workshops held with regulators in 2013 * DOE/EPA/TDEC agreement on Groundwater Strategy document in 2014 www.energy.gov/EM 3 Groundwater Program put in place to implement the strategy * Resources assigned and program initiated in 2014

  15. MEMORANDUM TO: FILE, OH. 0 DATE

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    FILE, OH. 0 DATE d4, ------------------- FROM: b. x&,.& ---------S-----W SUBJECT: 1-3/;4*~ i&-h /LCL)&l&OAiOH h fi Q-cc& )2~see~ SITE NAME: ----fl eAd4 RQJ-cL ALTERNATE __-_-_---------------------------- NAME: ---------------------- CITY: -------------------------- STATE: B---m- OWNER(S) -------- Past: JAwd* ------------------------ Current: _------------------------- Owwr contacted 0 yes rno; if yes, date contacted B-m -----w-v TYPE OF OPERATION ----------------- pg

  16. EA-1840: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1840: Finding of No Significant Impact Loan Guarantee to High Plains II, LLC for the California Valley Solar Ranch Project in San Luis Obispo County and Kern County, California California Valley Solar Ranch Project in San Luis Obispo and Kern Counties, California PDF icon EA-1840-FONSI-2011.pdf More Documents & Publications EA-1840: Final Environmental Assessment California Valley Solar Ranch Biological Assessment PG&E Reconductoring Project Biological

  17. Advanced Technology and Alternative Fuel Vehicle Basics | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Advanced Technology and Alternative Fuel Vehicle Basics Advanced Technology and Alternative Fuel Vehicle Basics August 20, 2013 - 9:00am Addthis Photo of a large blue truck with 'PG&amp;E Cleanair' written on the side. There are a variety of alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles that run on fuels other than traditional petroleum. Learn about the following types of vehicles: Flexible Fuel Vehicles Fuel Cell Vehicles Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles Natural Gas

  18. Title

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Oil and gas explosion near Yucca Mountain, Southern Nevada, (pg 1298-1315). Found in Proceeding of the Fifth International Conference, Las Vegas, NV, May 11-16, 1994. Author Grow, John A., Barker, C.E., and Harris, A.G. Document Date 5/16/94 Document Type Report 101389 ERC Index number 05.09.433 Box Number 1720-1 Recipients General Public ' ' * * ' . ' ' * ' ' * ' . : NTSEIS ADMTNTSTRATTVE RECORD i " , * - . . . ' * " " * ' '. * '*. -* * * ' * -' . ; * NTSBK : ADMINISTRATm; RFroRD

  19. Title

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Basin-Plateau Aboriginal Sociopolitical Groups (Pg. 113). Information on Native American Groups Author Steward, J.H. 101094 Document Date 1/138 Document Type Book ERC Index number 05.09.138 Box Number 1 672-1 Recipients Smithsonian Institution NTSEIS ADMINISTRATIVE RECORD iHl I SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY BULLETIN 120 NTSEIS ADMINISTRATIVE RECORD BASIN-PLATEAU ABORIGINAL SOCIOPOLITICAL GROUPS By JULIAN H. STEWARD 4'- UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON i

  20. Evaluation of evolving residential electricity tariffs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lai, Judy; DeForest, Nicholas; Kiliccote, Sila; Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris; Donadee, Jon

    2011-03-22

    Residential customers in California's Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) territory have seen several electricity rate structure changes in the past decade. A relatively simple two-tiered pricing system (charges by usage under/over baseline for the home's climate zone) was replaced in the summer of 2001 by a more complicated five-tiered system (usage below baseline and up to 30percent, 100percent, 200percent, and 300percent+ over baseline). In 2009, PG&E began the process of upgrading its residential customers to Smart Meters and laying the groundwork for time of use pricing, due to start in 2011. This paper examines the history of the tiered pricing system, discusses the problems the utility encountered with its Smart Meter roll out, and evaluates the proposed dynamic pricing incentive structures. Scenario analyses of example PG&E customer bills will also be presented. What would these residential customers pay if they were still operating under a tiered structure, and/or if they participated in peak hour reductions?

  1. Carbon mitigation potential and costs of forestry options in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, the Philippines and Tanzania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Makundi, W.; Andrasko, K.; Boer, R.; Ravindranath, N.; Sudha, P.; Rao, S.; Lasco, R.; Pulhin, F.; Masera, O.; Ceron, A.; Ordonez, J.; Deying, X.; Zhang, X.; Zuomin, S.

    2001-01-01

    This paper summarizes studies of carbon (C) mitigation potential and costs of about 40 forestry options in seven developing countries. Each study uses the same methodological approach - Comprehensive Mitigation Assessment Process (COMAP) - to estimate the above parameters between 2000 and 2030. The approach requires the projection of baseline and mitigation land-use scenarios. Coupled with data on a per ha basis on C sequestration or avoidance, and costs and benefits, it allows the estimation of monetary benefit per Mg C, and the total costs and carbon potential. The results show that about half (3.0 Pg C) the cumulative mitigation potential of 6.2 Petagram (Pg) C between 2000 and 2030 in the seven countries (about 200 x 106 Mg C yr-1) could be achieved at a negative cost and the remainder at costs ranging up to $100 Mg C-1. About 5 Pg C could be achieved, at a cost less than $20 per Mg C. Negative cost potential indicates that non-carbon revenue is sufficient to offset direct costs of these options. The achievable potential is likely to be smaller, however, due to market, institutional, and sociocultural barriers that can delay or prevent the implementation of the analyzed options.

  2. Development of an ELISA microarray assay for the sensitive and simultaneous detection of ten biodefense toxins.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenko, Kathryn; Zhang, Yanfeng; Kostenko, Yulia; Fan, Yongfeng; Garcia-Rodriguez, Consuelo; Lou, Jianlong; Marks, James D.; Varnum, Susan M.

    2014-10-21

    Plant and microbial toxins are considered bioterrorism threat agents because of their extreme toxicity and/or ease of availability. Additionally, some of these toxins are increasingly responsible for accidental food poisonings. The current study utilized an ELISA-based protein antibody microarray for the multiplexed detection of ten biothreat toxins, botulinum neurotoxins (BoNT) A, B, C, D, E, F, ricin, shiga toxins 1 and 2 (Stx), and staphylococcus enterotoxin B (SEB), in buffer and complex biological matrices. The multiplexed assay displayed a sensitivity of 1.3 pg/mL (BoNT/A, BoNT/B, SEB, Stx-1 and Stx-2), 3.3 pg/mL (BoNT/C, BoNT/E, BoNT/F) and 8.2 pg/mL (BoNT/D, ricin). All assays demonstrated high accuracy (75-120 percent recovery) and reproducibility (most coefficients of variation < 20%). Quantification curves for the ten toxins were also evaluated in clinical samples (serum, plasma, nasal fluid, saliva, stool, and urine) and environmental samples (apple juice, milk and baby food) with overall minimal matrix effects. The multiplex assays were highly specific, with little crossreactivity observed between the selected toxin antibodies. The results demonstrate a multiplex microarray that improves current immunoassay sensitivity for biological warfare agents in buffer, clinical, and environmental samples.

  3. Recent program evaluations: Implications for long-run planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baxter, L.W.; Schultz, D.K.

    1994-06-08

    Demand-side management (DSM) remains the centerpiece of California`s energy policy. Over the coming decade, California plans to meet 30 percent of the state`s incremental electricity demand and 50 percent of its peak demand with (DSM) programs. The major investor-owned utilities in California recently completed the first round of program impact studies for energy efficiency programs implemented in 1990 and 1991. The central focus of this paper is to assess the resource planning and policy implications of Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) Company`s recent program evaluations. The paper has three goals. First, we identify and discuss major issues that surfaced from our attempt to apply evaluation results to forecasting and planning questions. Second, we review and summarize the evaluation results for PG&E`s primary energy efficiency programs. Third, we change long-run program assumptions, based on our assessment in the second task, and then examine the impacts of these changes on a recent PG&E demand-side management forecast and resource plan.

  4. Uptake of Uranium from Seawater by Amidoxime-Based Polymeric Adsorbent: Field Experiments, Modeling, and Updated Economic Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Jungseung; Tsouris, Constantinos; Oyola, Yatsandra; Janke, C.; Mayes, R. T.; Dai, Sheng; Gill, Gary A.; Kuo, Li-Jung; Wood, Jordana R.; Choe, Key-Young; Schneider, Erich; Lindner, Harry

    2014-04-09

    Uranium recovery from seawater has been investigated for several decades for the purpose of securing nuclear fuel for energy production. In this study, field column experiments have been performed at the Marine Sciences Laboratory of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) using a laboratory-proven, amidoxime-based polymeric adsorbent developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The adsorbent was packed either in in-line filters or in flow-through columns. The maximum amount of uranium uptake from seawater was 3.3 mg of U/g of adsorbent after 8 weeks of contact between the adsorbent and seawater. This uranium adsorption amount was about 3 times higher than the maximum amount achieved in this study by a leading adsorbent developed at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA).

  5. Treatability Test Plan for 300 Area Uranium Stabilization through Polyphosphate Injection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vermeul, Vincent R.; Williams, Mark D.; Fritz, Brad G.; Mackley, Rob D.; Mendoza, Donaldo P.; Newcomer, Darrell R.; Rockhold, Mark L.; Williams, Bruce A.; Wellman, Dawn M.

    2007-06-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy has initiated a study into possible options for stabilizing uranium at the 300 Area using polyphosphate injection. As part of this effort, PNNL will perform bench- and field-scale treatability testing designed to evaluate the efficacy of using polyphosphate injections to reduced uranium concentrations in the groundwater to meet drinking water standards (30 ug/L) in situ. This technology works by forming phosphate minerals (autunite and apatite) in the aquifer that directly sequester the existing aqueous uranium in autunite minerals and precipitates apatite minerals for sorption and long term treatment of uranium migrating into the treatment zone, thus reducing current and future aqueous uranium concentrations. Polyphosphate injection was selected for testing based on technology screening as part of the 300-FF-5 Phase III Feasibility Study for treatment of uranium in the 300-Area.

  6. FOIA Log 2014.xlsx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Closed Corespond ance No. FOIA No. Dated Date Rec'd Requestor HQ, EMCBC or Direct Subject 1/21/14 14-0103 14-001 1/21/2013 12/20/2013 Kelly Vaselli/Fadduol, Cluff & Hardy, P.C. Direct WIPP Fire/Medic Personnel Responding to an Oilfield Fire at XTO Well "Nash49H" on November 8, 2012 4/2/14 14-0126 14-002 2/17/2014 2/17/2014 Zack Ponce, Reporter @ Carlsbad Curren Direct Records Relating to the Inspection Reports for Fire Suppression Systems and CAMs Used in the U/G from 01/01/2010

  7. Microsoft Word - S07121_CY2010 Annual Rpt

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    66 0.100 1.000 10.000 100.000 1/1/2000 7/1/2000 12/31/2000 7/1/2001 12/31/2001 7/2/2002 12/31/2002 7/2/2003 12/31/2003 7/1/2004 12/31/2004 7/1/2005 12/31/2005 7/1/2006 12/31/2006 7/2/2007 12/31/2007 7/1/2008 12/30/2008 7/1/2009 12/31/2009 7/1/2010 12/31/2010 Sample Date U Concentration (ug/L) 0.001 0.01 0.1 1 10 100 Nitrate Concentration (mg/L as N) 37405 U 37505 U 37705 U 37405 N 37505 N 37705 N White-filled symbols represent U-qualified results. Notes: U data include results for U-mass and

  8. NATIONAL LEAD COMPANY OF OHIO

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    t-t AL- 1. + T fi r,y* t ,.- . NATIONAL LEAD COMPANY OF OHIO Of~~l=l i iy Ci)wp HEALTH AND SAFETY DIVISION - ANALYTICAL DEPT. ANALYTICAL DATA SHEET U-G b ;33y jl:tL G c-w &3(/y I 53 .3 Y5 .y j.os-- ! stz77y t3r1: my I CLvru' f<? 3;/ ' > j!OS ! I I I 1 P-/) ' If I , m 6.3 Lg- /&IL -q-&.+&L, /I a V Q/);: /(Lx 3L- NO. DISTRIBUTION OF COPIES 1 Analytical Laboratory (RECORD COPY) 2 Industrial Hygiene 8 Radiation Dept. Plnnt NLO-HbS-736 IREV. lo/:m4/601 - -_.-__- - ---

  9. Concentrations of the urinary pyrethroid metabolite 3-phenoxybenzoic acid in farm worker families in the MICASA study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trunnelle, Kelly J.; Bennett, Deborah H.; Ahn, Ki Chang; Schenker, Marc B.; Tancredi, Daniel J.; Gee, Shirley J.; Stoecklin-Marois, Maria T.; Hammock, Bruce D.

    2014-05-01

    Indoor pesticide exposure is a growing concern, particularly from pyrethroids, a commonly used class of pesticides. Pyrethroid concentrations may be especially high in homes of immigrant farm worker families who often live in close proximity to agricultural fields, and are faced with poor housing conditions, causing higher pest infestation and more pesticide use. We investigate exposure of farm worker families to pyrethroids in a study of mothers and children living in Mendota, CA within the population-based Mexican Immigration to California: Agricultural Safety and Acculturation (MICASA) Study. We present pyrethroid exposure based on an ELISA analysis of urinary metabolite 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3PBA) levels among 105 women and 103 children. The median urinary 3PBA levels (children=2.56 ug/g creatinine, mothers=1.46 ug/g creatinine) were higher than those reported in population based studies for the United States general population, but similar to or lower than studies with known high levels of pyrethroid exposure. A positive association was evident between poor housing conditions and the urinary metabolite levels, showing that poor housing conditions are a contributing factor to the higher levels of 3PBA seen in the urine of these farm worker families. Further research is warranted to fully investigate sources of exposure. - Highlights: We investigate exposure of farm worker families to pyrethroids. We present pyrethroid exposure based on an ELISA analysis of urinary 3PBA levels. 3PBA levels were higher than those reported for the U.S. general population. Poor housing conditions may be associated with pyrethroid exposure.

  10. Nitrogen attenuation of terrestrial carbon cycle response to global environmental factors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jain, Atul; Yang, Xiaojuan; Kheshgi, Haroon; Mcguire, David; Post, Wilfred M

    2009-01-01

    Nitrogen cycle dynamics have the capacity to attenuate the magnitude of global terrestrial carbon sinks and sources driven by CO2 fertilization and changes in climate. In this study, two versions of the terrestrial carbon and nitrogen cycle components of the Integrated Science Assessment Model (ISAM) are used to evaluate how variation in nitrogen availability influences terrestrial carbon sinks and sources in response to changes over the 20th century in global environmental factors including atmospheric CO2 concentration, nitrogen inputs, temperature, precipitation and land use. The two versions of ISAM vary in their treatment of nitrogen availability: ISAM-NC has a terrestrial carbon cycle model coupled to a fully dynamic nitrogen cycle while ISAM-C has an identical carbon cycle model but nitrogen availability is always in sufficient supply. Overall, the two versions of the model estimate approximately the same amount of global mean carbon uptake over the 20th century. However, comparisons of results of ISAM-NC relative to ISAM-C reveal that nitrogen dynamics: (1) reduced the 1990s carbon sink associated with increasing atmospheric CO2 by 0.53 PgC yr1 (1 Pg = 1015g), (2) reduced the 1990s carbon source associated with changes in temperature and precipitation of 0.34 PgC yr1 in the 1990s, (3) an enhanced sink associated with nitrogen inputs by 0.26 PgC yr1, and (4) enhanced the 1990s carbon source associated with changes in land use by 0.08 PgC yr1 in the 1990s. These effects of nitrogen limitation influenced the spatial distribution of the estimated exchange of CO2 with greater sink activity in high latitudes associated with climate effects and a smaller sink of CO2 in the southeastern United States caused by N limitation associated with both CO2 fertilization and forest regrowth. These results indicate that the dynamics of nitrogen availability are important to consider in assessing the spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of terrestrial carbon sources and sinks.

  11. Constraining the neutrino magnetic dipole moment from white dwarf pulsations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crsico, A.H.; Althaus, L.G.; Garca-Berro, E. E-mail: althaus@fcaglp.unlp.edu.ar E-mail: kepler@if.ufrgs.br

    2014-08-01

    Pulsating white dwarf stars can be used as astrophysical laboratories to constrain the properties of weakly interacting particles. Comparing the cooling rates of these stars with the expected values from theoretical models allows us to search for additional sources of cooling due to the emission of axions, neutralinos, or neutrinos with magnetic dipole moment. In this work, we derive an upper bound to the neutrino magnetic dipole moment (?{sub ?}) using an estimate of the rate of period change of the pulsating DB white dwarf star PG 1351+489. We employ state-of-the-art evolutionary and pulsational codes which allow us to perform a detailed asteroseismological period fit based on fully DB white dwarf evolutionary sequences. Plasmon neutrino emission is the dominant cooling mechanism for this class of hot pulsating white dwarfs, and so it is the main contributor to the rate of change of period with time (Pidot) for the DBV class. Thus, the inclusion of an anomalous neutrino emission through a non-vanishing magnetic dipole moment in these sequences notably influences the evolutionary timescales, and also the expected pulsational properties of the DBV stars. By comparing the theoretical Pidot value with the rate of change of period with time of PG 1351+489, we assess the possible existence of additional cooling by neutrinos with magnetic dipole moment. Our models suggest the existence of some additional cooling in this pulsating DB white dwarf, consistent with a non-zero magnetic dipole moment with an upper limit of ?{sub ?}?<10{sup -11}?{sub B}. This bound is somewhat less restrictive than, but still compatible with, other limits inferred from the white dwarf luminosity function or from the color-magnitude diagram of the Globular cluster M5. Further improvements of the measurement of the rate of period change of the dominant pulsation mode of PG 1351+489 will be necessary to confirm our bound.

  12. Cogeneration and Small Power Production Quarterly Report to the California Public Utilities Commission First Quarter 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1984-01-01

    At the end of the First Quarter of 1984, the number of signed contracts and letter agreements for cogeneration and small power production projects was 322, with a total estimated nominal capacity of 2,643 MW. Of these totals, 215 projects, capable of producing 640 MW, are operational. A map indicating the location of operational facilities under contract with PG and E is provided. Developers of cogeneration, solid waste, or biomass projects had signed 110 contracts with a potential of 1,467 MW. In total, 114 contracts and letter agreements had been signed with projects capable of producing 1,508 MW. PG and E also had under active discussion 35 cogeneration projects that could generate a total of 425 MW to 467 MW, and 11 solid waste or biomass projects with a potential of 94 MW to 114 MW. One contract had been signed for a geothermal project, capable of producing 80 MW. There were 7 solar projects with signed contracts and a potential of 37 MW, as well as 5 solar projects under active discussion for 31 MW. Wind farm projects under contract numbered 32, with a generating capability of 848 MW. Also, discussions were being conducted with 18 wind farm projects, totaling 490 MW. There were 101 wind projects of 100 kW or less with signed contracts and a potential of 1 MW, as well as 6 other small wind projects under active discussion. There were 64 hydroelectric projects with signed contracts and a potential of 148 MW, as well as 75 projects under active discussion for 316 MW. In addition, there were 31 hydroelectric projects, with a nominal capacity of 187 MW, that Pg and E was planning to construct.

  13. Cogeneration and Small Power Production Quarterly Report to the California Public Utilities Commission Third Quarter 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1983-01-01

    In the Third Quarter of 1983, the number of signed contracts and committed projects rose from 240 to 258, with a total estimated nominal capacity of these projects of 1,547 MW. Of this nominal capacity, about 416 MW is operational, and the balance is under contract for development. A map indicating the location of operational facilities under contract with PG and E is provided. Of the 258 signed contracts and committed projects, 83 were cogeneration, solid waste, or biomass projects with a potential of 779 MW. PG and E also had under active discussion 38 cogeneration projects that could generate a total of 797 MW to 848 MW, and 19 solid waste/biomass projects with a potential of 152 MW to 159 MW. Two contracts have been signed with geothermal projects, capable of producing 83 MW. There are 6 solar projects with signed contracts and a potential of 36 MW, as well as 3 solar projects under active discussion for 31 MW. Wind farm projects under contract number 21, with a generating capability of 528 MW. Also, discussions are being conducted with 17 wind farm projects, totaling 257 to 262 MW. There are 94 wind projects of 100 kW or less with signed contracts and a potential of almost 1 MW, as well as 8 other small wind projects under active discussion. There are 50 hydroelectric projects with signed contracts and a potential of 112 MW, as well as 67 projects under active discussion for 175 MW. In addition, there are 31 hydroelectric projects, with a nominal capacity of 185 MW, that PG and E is planning to construct.

  14. Cogeneration and Small Power Production Quarterly Report to the California Public Utilities Commission Fourth Quarter 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1983-01-01

    At the end of 1983, the number of signed contracts and letter agreements for cogeneration and small power production projects was 305, with a total estimated nominal capacity of 2,389 MW. Of these totals, 202 projects, capable of producing 566 MW, are operational (Table A). A map indicating the location of operational facilities under contract with PG and E is provided as Figure A. Developers of cogeneration, solid waste, or biomass projects had signed 101 contracts with a potential of 1,408 MW. In total, 106 contracts and letter agreements had been signed with projects capable of producing 1,479 MW. PG and E also had under active discussion 29 cogeneration projects that could generate a total of 402 MW to 444 MW, and 13 solid waste or biomass projects with a potential of 84 MW to 89 MW. One contract had been signed for a geothermal project, capable of producing 80 MW. There were 7 solar projects with signed contracts and a potential of 37 MW, as well as 3 solar projects under active discussion for 31 MW. Wind farm projects under contract numbered 28, with a generating capability of 618 MW. Also, discussions were being conducted with 14 wind farm projects, totaling 365 MW. There were 100 wind projects of 100 kW or less with signed contracts and a potential of 1 MW, as well as 8 other small wind projects under active discussion. There were 59 hydroelectric projects with signed contracts and a potential of 146 MW, as well as 72 projects under active discussion for 169 MW. In addition, there were 31 hydroelectric projects, with a nominal capacity of 185 MW, that PG and E was planning to construct. Table B displays the above information. In tabular form, in Appendix A, are status reports of the projects as of December 31, 1983.

  15. Atmospheric inversion of surface carbon flux with consideration of the spatial distribution of US crop production and consumption

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chen, J. M.; Fung, J. W.; Mo, G.; Deng, F.; West, T. O.

    2015-01-19

    In order to improve quantification of the spatial distribution of carbon sinks and sources in the conterminous US, we conduct a nested global atmospheric inversion with detailed spatial information on crop production and consumption. County-level cropland net primary productivity, harvested biomass, soil carbon change, and human and livestock consumption data over the conterminous US are used for this purpose. Time-dependent Bayesian synthesis inversions are conducted based on CO₂ observations at 210 stations to infer CO₂ fluxes globally at monthly time steps with a nested focus on 30 regions in North America. Prior land surface carbon fluxes are first generated usingmore » a biospheric model, and the inversions are constrained using prior fluxes with and without adjustments for crop production and consumption over the 2002–2007 period. After these adjustments, the inverted regional carbon sink in the US Midwest increases from 0.25 ± 0.03 to 0.42 ± 0.13 Pg C yr⁻¹, whereas the large sink in the US southeast forest region is weakened from 0.41 ± 0.12 to 0.29 ± 0.12 Pg C yr⁻¹. These adjustments also reduce the inverted sink in the west region from 0.066 ± 0.04 to 0.040 ± 0.02 Pg C yr⁻¹ because of high crop consumption and respiration by humans and livestock. The general pattern of sink increases in crop production areas and sink decreases (or source increases) in crop consumption areas highlights the importance of considering the lateral carbon transfer in crop products in atmospheric inverse modeling, which provides a reliable atmospheric perspective of the overall carbon balance at the continental scale but is unreliable for separating fluxes from different ecosystems.« less

  16. Atmospheric inversion of surface carbon flux with consideration of the spatial distribution of US crop production and consumption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, J. M.; Fung, J. W.; Mo, G.; Deng, F.; West, T. O.

    2015-01-19

    In order to improve quantification of the spatial distribution of carbon sinks and sources in the conterminous US, we conduct a nested global atmospheric inversion with detailed spatial information on crop production and consumption. County-level cropland net primary productivity, harvested biomass, soil carbon change, and human and livestock consumption data over the conterminous US are used for this purpose. Time-dependent Bayesian synthesis inversions are conducted based on CO? observations at 210 stations to infer CO? fluxes globally at monthly time steps with a nested focus on 30 regions in North America. Prior land surface carbon fluxes are first generated using a biospheric model, and the inversions are constrained using prior fluxes with and without adjustments for crop production and consumption over the 20022007 period. After these adjustments, the inverted regional carbon sink in the US Midwest increases from 0.25 0.03 to 0.42 0.13 Pg C yr?, whereas the large sink in the US southeast forest region is weakened from 0.41 0.12 to 0.29 0.12 Pg C yr?. These adjustments also reduce the inverted sink in the west region from 0.066 0.04 to 0.040 0.02 Pg C yr? because of high crop consumption and respiration by humans and livestock. The general pattern of sink increases in crop production areas and sink decreases (or source increases) in crop consumption areas highlights the importance of considering the lateral carbon transfer in crop products in atmospheric inverse modeling, which provides a reliable atmospheric perspective of the overall carbon balance at the continental scale but is unreliable for separating fluxes from different ecosystems.

  17. Strengthening the fission reactor nuclear science and engineering program at UCLA. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okrent, D.

    1997-06-23

    This is the final report on DOE Award No. DE-FG03-92ER75838 A000, a three year matching grant program with Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG and E) to support strengthening of the fission reactor nuclear science and engineering program at UCLA. The program began on September 30, 1992. The program has enabled UCLA to use its strong existing background to train students in technological problems which simultaneously are of interest to the industry and of specific interest to PG and E. The program included undergraduate scholarships, graduate traineeships and distinguished lecturers. Four topics were selected for research the first year, with the benefit of active collaboration with personnel from PG and E. These topics remained the same during the second year of this program. During the third year, two topics ended with the departure o the students involved (reflux cooling in a PWR during a shutdown and erosion/corrosion of carbon steel piping). Two new topics (long-term risk and fuel relocation within the reactor vessel) were added; hence, the topics during the third year award were the following: reflux condensation and the effect of non-condensable gases; erosion/corrosion of carbon steel piping; use of artificial intelligence in severe accident diagnosis for PWRs (diagnosis of plant status during a PWR station blackout scenario); the influence on risk of organization and management quality; considerations of long term risk from the disposal of hazardous wastes; and a probabilistic treatment of fuel motion and fuel relocation within the reactor vessel during a severe core damage accident.

  18. Modeling global atmospheric CO2 with improved emission inventories and CO2 production from the oxidation of other carbon species

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nassar, Ray; Jones, DBA; Suntharalingam, P; Chen, j.; Andres, Robert Joseph; Wecht, K. J.; Yantosca, R. M.; Kulawik, SS; Bowman, K; Worden, JR; Machida, T; Matsueda, H

    2010-01-01

    The use of global three-dimensional (3-D) models with satellite observations of CO2 in inverse modeling studies is an area of growing importance for understanding Earth s carbon cycle. Here we use the GEOS-Chem model (version 8-02-01) CO2 mode with multiple modifications in order to assess their impact on CO2 forward simulations. Modifications include CO2 surface emissions from shipping (0.19 PgC yr 1), 3-D spatially-distributed emissions from aviation (0.16 PgC yr 1), and 3-D chemical production of CO2 (1.05 PgC yr 1). Although CO2 chemical production from the oxidation of CO, CH4 and other carbon gases is recognized as an important contribution to global CO2, it is typically accounted for by conversion from its precursors at the surface rather than in the free troposphere. We base our model 3-D spatial distribution of CO2 chemical production on monthly-averaged loss rates of CO (a key precursor and intermediate in the oxidation of organic carbon) and apply an associated surface correction for inventories that have counted emissions of CO2 precursors as CO2. We also explore the benefit of assimilating satellite observations of CO into GEOS-Chem to obtain an observation-based estimate of the CO2 chemical source. The CO assimilation corrects for an underestimate of atmospheric CO abundances in the model, resulting in increases of as much as 24% in the chemical source during May June 2006, and increasing the global annual estimate of CO2 chemical production from 1.05 to 1.18 Pg C. Comparisons of model CO2 with measurements are carried out in order to investigate the spatial and temporal distributions that result when these new sources are added. Inclusion of CO2 emissions from shipping and aviation are shown to increase the global CO2 latitudinal gradient by just over 0.10 ppm (3%), while the inclusion of CO2 chemical production (and the surface correction) is shown to decrease the latitudinal gradient by about 0.40 ppm (10%) with a complex spatial structure generally resulting in decreased CO2 over land and increased CO2 over the oceans. Since these CO2 emissions are omitted or misrepresented in most inverse modeling work to date, their implementation in forward simulations should lead to improved inverse modeling estimates of terrestrial biospheric fluxes.

  19. Atmospheric Mercury near Salmon Falls Creek Reservoir in Southern Idaho

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael L. Abbott; Jeffrey J. Einerson

    2007-12-01

    Gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) and reactive gaseous mercury (RGM) were measured over two-week seasonal field campaigns near Salmon Falls Creek Reservoir in south-central Idaho from the summer of 2005 through the fall of 2006 and over the entire summer of 2006 using automated Tekran mercury analyzers. GEM, RGM, and particulate mercury (HgP) were also measured at a secondary site 90 km to the west in southwestern Idaho during the summer of 2006. The study was performed to characterize mercury air concentrations in the southern Idaho area for the first time, estimate mercury dry deposition rates, and investigate the source of observed elevated concentrations. High seasonal variability was observed with the highest GEM (1.91 0.9 ng m-3) and RGM (8.1 5.6 pg m-3) concentrations occurring in the summer and lower values in the winter (1.32 0.3 ng m-3, 3.2 2.9 pg m-3 for GEM, RGM respectively). The summer-average HgP concentrations were generally below detection limit (0.6 1 pg m-3). Seasonally-averaged deposition velocities calculated using a resistance model were 0.034 0.032, 0.043 0.040, 0.00084 0.0017 and 0.00036 0.0011 cm s-1 for GEM (spring, summer, fall, and winter, respectively) and 0.50 0.39, 0.40 0.31, 0.51 0.43 and 0.76 0.57 cm s-1 for RGM. The total annual RGM + GEM dry deposition estimate was calculated to be 11.9 3.3 g m-2, or about 2/3 of the total (wet + dry) deposition estimate for the area. Periodic elevated short-term GEM (2.2 12 ng m-3) and RGM (50 - 150 pg m-3) events were observed primarily during the warm seasons. Back-trajectory modeling and PSCF analysis indicated predominant source directions from the southeast (western Utah, northeastern Nevada) through the southwest (north-central Nevada) with fewer inputs from the northwest (southeastern Oregon and southwestern Idaho).

  20. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Panel Session: Current O&M Practices April 29, 2013 Panel Session: Current O&M Practices Panelists:  Srini Devarajan, ViaSol Energy Solutions  Larry Freeman, EDF Renewable Energy  Aaron Marroquin, NRG Energy  Jordan Shechter, Enfinity  Steven Ng, PG&E  The panel discussed current practices and what's missing in current O&M practices.  Below and next page are the areas noted of what is missing.  Impacts of system designs on inverter reliability 

  1. EIS-0164: Pacific Gas Transmission/Pacific Gas and Electric and Altamont Natural Gas Pipeline Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has prepared the PGT/PG&E and Altamont Natural Gas Pipeline Projects Environmental Impact Statement to satisfy the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act. This project addresses the need to expand the capacity of the pipeline transmission system to better transfer Canadian natural gas to Southern California and the Pacific Northwest. The U.S. Department of Energy cooperated in the preparation of this statement because Section 19(c) of the Natural Gas Act applies to the Department’s action of authorizing import/export of natural gas, and adopted this statement by the spring of 1992. "

  2. 2011 Accomplishments

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Accomplishments In the Hydraulic Institute's 94-year history, 2011 was arguably a very TJHOJëDBOU ZFBS *O +BOVBSZ UIF 6OJUFE 4UBUFT %FQBSUNFOU PG &OFSHZ announced its intent to explore a rulemaking on pump efficiency. This announcement set in motion our year-long effort to establish and communicate the pump industry's position while serving as a catalyst for accelerating other related initiatives of the Institute. During the year, HI remained grounded it its mission "to serve our

  3. FINAL CA IOU Comment Letter RFI Regulatory Burden | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    FINAL CA IOU Comment Letter RFI Regulatory Burden FINAL CA IOU Comment Letter RFI Regulatory Burden This letter comprises the comments of the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E), Southern California Gas Company (SCGC), San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E), and Southern California Edison (SCE) in response to the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Request for Information on Regulatory Burden. PDF icon FINAL_CA_IOU_comment_letter.pdf More Documents & Publications Comments on Docket ID:

  4. EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C Order authorizing Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C to export electric energy to Mexico. PDF icon EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C More Documents & Publications EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P EA-166-A Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C EA-184 Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc

  5. Comments on Docket ID: DOE-HQ-2011-0014 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    on Docket ID: DOE-HQ-2011-0014 Comments on Docket ID: DOE-HQ-2011-0014 This letter comprises the comments of the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E), Southern California Gas Company (SCGC), San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E), and Southern California Edison (SCE) in response to the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Request for Information on Regulatory Burden. The signatories of this letter, collectively referred to herein as the California Investor Owned Utilities (CA IOUs) represent

  6. Atmospheric mercury near Salmon Falls Creek Reservoir in southern Idaho

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael L. Abbott; Jeffrey J. Einerson

    2008-03-01

    Gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) and reactive gaseous mercury (RGM) were measured over 2-week seasonal field campaigns near Salmon Falls Creek Reservoir in south-central Idaho from the summer of 2005 through the fall of 2006 and over the entire summer of 2006 using automated Tekran Hg analyzers. GEM, RGM, and particulate Hg (HgP) were also measured at a secondary site 90 km to the west in southwestern Idaho during the summer of 2006. The study was performed to characterize Hg air concentrations in the southern Idaho area for the first time, estimate Hg dry deposition rates, and investigate the source of observed elevated concentrations. High seasonal variability was observed with the highest GEM (1.91 0.9 ng m-3) and RGM (8.1 5.6 pg m-3) concentrations occurring in the summer and lower values in the winter (1.32 0.3 ng m-3, 3.2 2.9 pg m-3 for GEM, RGM, respectively). The summer-average HgP concentrations were generally below detection limit (0.6 1 pg m-3). Seasonally averaged deposition velocities calculated using a resistance model were 0.034 0.032, 0.043 0.040, 0.00084 0.0017 and 0.00036 0.0011 cm s-1 for GEM (spring, summer, fall and winter, respectively) and 0.50 0.39, 0.40 0.31, 0.51 0.43 and 0.76 0.57 cm s-1 for RGM. The total annual RGM + GEM dry deposition estimate was calculated to be 11.9 3.3 g m-2, or about 2/3 of the total (wet + dry) deposition estimate for the area. Periodic elevated short-term GEM (2.212 ng m-3) and RGM (50150 pg m-3) events were observed primarily during the warm seasons. Back-trajectory modeling and PSCF analysis indicate predominant source directions to the SE (western Utah, northeastern Nevada) and SW (north-central Nevada) with fewer inputs from the NW (southeastern Oregon and southwestern Idaho).

  7. Insights into substrate specificity of NlpC/P60 cell wall hydrolases containing bacterial SH3 domains

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Xu, Qingping; Mengin-Lecreulx, Dominique; Liu, Xueqian W.; Patin, Delphine; Farr, Carol L.; Grant, Joanna C.; Chiu, Hsiu -Ju; Jaroszewski, Lukasz; Knuth, Mark W.; Godzik, Adam; et al

    2015-09-15

    Bacterial SH3 (SH3b) domains are commonly fused with papain-like Nlp/P60 cell wall hydrolase domains. To understand how the modular architecture of SH3b and NlpC/P60 affects the activity of the catalytic domain, three putative NlpC/P60 cell wall hydrolases were biochemically and structurally characterized. In addition, these enzymes all have γ-d-Glu-A2pm (A2pm is diaminopimelic acid) cysteine amidase (ordl-endopeptidase) activities but with different substrate specificities. One enzyme is a cell wall lysin that cleaves peptidoglycan (PG), while the other two are cell wall recycling enzymes that only cleave stem peptides with an N-terminall-Ala. Their crystal structures revealed a highly conserved structure consisting ofmore » two SH3b domains and a C-terminal NlpC/P60 catalytic domain, despite very low sequence identity. Interestingly, loops from the first SH3b domain dock into the ends of the active site groove of the catalytic domain, remodel the substrate binding site, and modulate substrate specificity. Two amino acid differences at the domain interface alter the substrate binding specificity in favor of stem peptides in recycling enzymes, whereas the SH3b domain may extend the peptidoglycan binding surface in the cell wall lysins. Remarkably, the cell wall lysin can be converted into a recycling enzyme with a single mutation.Peptidoglycan is a meshlike polymer that envelops the bacterial plasma membrane and bestows structural integrity. Cell wall lysins and recycling enzymes are part of a set of lytic enzymes that target covalent bonds connecting the amino acid and amino sugar building blocks of the PG network. These hydrolases are involved in processes such as cell growth and division, autolysis, invasion, and PG turnover and recycling. To avoid cleavage of unintended substrates, these enzymes have very selective substrate specificities. Our biochemical and structural analysis of three modular NlpC/P60 hydrolases, one lysin, and two recycling enzymes, show that they may have evolved from a common molecular architecture, where the substrate preference is modulated by local changes. These results also suggest that new pathways for recycling PG turnover products, such as tracheal cytotoxin, may have evolved in bacteria in the human gut microbiome that involve NlpC/P60 cell wall hydrolases.« less

  8. A global analysis of soil microbial biomass carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in terrestrial ecosystems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Xiaofeng; Thornton, Peter E; Post, Wilfred M

    2013-01-01

    Soil microbes play a pivotal role in regulating land-atmosphere interactions; the soil microbial biomass carbon (C), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and C:N:P stoichiometry are important regulators for soil biogeochemical processes; however, the current knowledge on magnitude, stoichiometry, storage, and spatial distribution of global soil microbial biomass C, N, and P is limited. In this study, 3087 pairs of data points were retrieved from 281 published papers and further used to summarize the magnitudes and stoichiometries of C, N, and P in soils and soil microbial biomass at global- and biome-levels. Finally, global stock and spatial distribution of microbial biomass C and N in 0-30 cm and 0-100 cm soil profiles were estimated. The results show that C, N, and P in soils and soil microbial biomass vary substantially across biomes; the fractions of soil nutrient C, N, and P in soil microbial biomass are 1.6% in a 95% confidence interval of (1.5%-1.6%), 2.9% in a 95% confidence interval of (2.8%-3.0%), and 4.4% in a 95% confidence interval of (3.9%-5.0%), respectively. The best estimates of C:N:P stoichiometries for soil nutrients and soil microbial biomass are 153:11:1, and 47:6:1, respectively, at global scale, and they vary in a wide range among biomes. Vertical distribution of soil microbial biomass follows the distribution of roots up to 1 m depth. The global stock of soil microbial biomass C and N were estimated to be 15.2 Pg C and 2.3 Pg N in the 0-30 cm soil profiles, and 21.2 Pg C and 3.2 Pg N in the 0-100 cm soil profiles. We did not estimate P in soil microbial biomass due to data shortage and insignificant correlation with soil total P and climate variables. The spatial patterns of soil microbial biomass C and N were consistent with those of soil organic C and total N, i.e. high density in northern high latitude, and low density in low latitudes and southern hemisphere.

  9. Yurok Tribe - Tribal Utility Project and Human Capacity Building

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Yurok Tribe's Energy Program: First Steps DOE Tribal Energy Program Review Meeting Award #'s DE-FG36-03GO13117 & DE-FG36-05GO15166 November 8, 2007 Presented By: Austin Nova, Yurok Tribe & Jim Zoellick, Schatz Energy Research Center Background/Locati on Located in northwest corner of California Yurok Reservation Straddles the lower stem of the Klamath River, 2 miles wide and 44 miles long) PG&E/ PP&L Service Territory Boundary Humboldt/ Del Norte County Line & WAP service

  10. Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Seminar: Chairman's Corner

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Chairman's Corner May 22, 2013 David McAndrew Utility Project Lead DOE FEMP 2 Welcome To San Francisco  Thank you to PG&E for hosting the 2013 Spring FUPWG Seminar!  Special thanks to Chris Gillis and Matt Bergh  Welcome Webinar Participants!  The first half of todays meeting is available via webinar  Webinar participants are encouraged to send questions and feedback to me at David.McAndrew@ee.doe.gov or Susan Courtney at scourtney@energetics.com  Thanks to the Steering

  11. DOE Energy Exchange

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOE Energy Exchange Ms. Amanda Simpson 11 August 2015 www.oei.army.mil UNCLASSIFIED Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy & Environment) Acts of Man Acts of Nature Securing the Homeland High-voltage power lines with grid connection to Redstone Arsenal devastated by tornado on April 26, 2011. (TVA) The scene of a shooting and oil spill at a San Jose PG&E substation on April 16, 2013 (CBS) Enhancing Energy Security Office of Energy Initiatives UNCLASSIFIED 2 Army

  12. EIA-800

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Please complete all date fields. FALSE 2 End of Week Stocks Production Forms may be submitted using one of the following methods: PART 3. OXYGENATE ACTIVITY (Thousand Barrels) A completed form must be received by 5 p.m. Eastern Time on the Monday following the end of the report period. For the PC Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) software, call (202) 586-9659. (See Form instructions, pg 1.) FORM EIA-809 WEEKLY OXYGENATE REPORT This report is mandatory under the Federal Energy

  13. CA IOUs Comment Letter

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    June 19, 2012 Mr. Daniel Cohen U.S. Department of Energy Office of the General Council 1000 Independence Avenue, SW., Room 6A245 Washington, DC 20585-0121 Dear Mr. Cohen: This letter comprises the comments of the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E), Southern California Gas Company (SCGC), San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E), and Southern California Edison (SCE) in response to the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Request for Information on Regulatory Burden. The signatories of this

  14. California Federal Facilities: Rate-Responsive Buidling Operating for Deeper Cost and Energy Savings

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Rouggly, energy manager at SSA's Frank Hagel Federal Building in Richmond California, reports that the facility garnered $35,000 in credits in 2011 on PG&E's Peak Day Pricing (PDP) tariff. "Frankly I was stunned! It's getting a lot of positive attention with our management," said Rouggly. "We were able to drop 400 kW by pre-cooling the building and shutting down one chiller during peak events. We also turned off 2 of our 8 elevators and reduced lighting in corridors to

  15. O:ELECTRICORDERSEA-168-B.PDF

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    8-B I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C. §824a(e)). On February 25, 1998, the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) of the Department of Energy (DOE) authorized PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P. (PGET-Power) to transmit electric energy as a power marketer from the United States to Canada using the international transmission facilities of Detroit Edison,

  16. O:\EA-168.ORD

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    PJM is a security coordinator in the Mid-Atlantic Area Council (MAAP) region of the North American Electric Reliability 1 Council (NERC). PJM administers the regional energy markets in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia and the District of Columbia. 1 PG&E Energy Trading - Power, L.P. Order No. EA-168 I. BACKGROUND Exports of electric energy from the United States to a foreign country are regulated and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act

  17. Transforming Growth Factor ?-1 (TGF-?1) Is a Serum Biomarker of Radiation Induced Fibrosis in Patients Treated With Intracavitary Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation: Preliminary Results of a Prospective Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boothe, Dustin L.; Coplowitz, Shana; Greenwood, Eleni; Barney, Christian L.; Christos, Paul J.; Parashar, Bhupesh; Nori, Dattatreyudu; Chao, K. S. Clifford; Wernicke, A. Gabriella

    2013-12-01

    Purpose: To examine a relationship between serum transforming growth factor ? -1 (TGF-?1) values and radiation-induced fibrosis (RIF). Methods and Materials: We conducted a prospective analysis of the development of RIF in 39 women with American Joint Committee on Cancer stage 0-I breast cancer treated with lumpectomy and accelerated partial breast irradiation via intracavitary brachytherapy (IBAPBI). An enzyme-linked immunoassay (Quantikine, R and D, Minneapolis, MN) was used to measure serum TGF-?1 before surgery, before IBAPBI, and during IBAPBI. Blood samples for TGF-?1 were also collected from 15 healthy, nontreated women (controls). The previously validated tissue compliance meter (TCM) was used to objectively assess RIF. Results: The median time to follow-up for 39 patients was 44 months (range, 5-59 months). RIF was graded by the TCM scale as 0, 1, 2, and 3 in 5 of 20 patients (25%), 6 of 20 patients (30%), 5 of 20 patients (25%), and 4 of 20 patients (20%), respectively. The mean serum TGF-?1 values were significantly higher in patients before surgery than in disease-free controls, as follows: all cancer patients (30,201 5889 pg/mL, P=.02); patients with any type of RIF (32,273 5016 pg/mL, P<.0001); and women with moderate to severe RIF (34,462 4713 pg/mL, P<0.0001). Patients with moderate to severe RIF had significantly elevated TGF-?1 levels when compared with those with none to mild RIF before surgery (P=.0014) during IBAPBI (P?0001), and the elevation persisted at 6 months (P?.001), 12 months (P?.001), 18 months (P?.001), and 24 months (P=.12). A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of TGF-?1 values predicting moderate to severe RIF was generated with an area under the curve (AUC){sub ROC} of 0.867 (95% confidence interval 0.700-1.000). The TGF-?1 threshold cutoff was determined to be 31,000 pg/mL, with associated sensitivity and specificity of 77.8% and 90.0%, respectively. Conclusions: TGF-?1 levels correlate with the development of moderate to severe RIF. The pre-IBAPBI mean TGF-?1 levels can serve as an early biomarker for the development of moderate to severe RIF after IBAPBI.

  18. Aggregated Purchasing and Workplace Charging Can Drive EV Market Growth |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Aggregated Purchasing and Workplace Charging Can Drive EV Market Growth Aggregated Purchasing and Workplace Charging Can Drive EV Market Growth November 24, 2014 - 11:06am Addthis Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz with the utility industry's first plug-in electric hybrid drivetrain Class 5 bucket truck at the White House event on November 18, 2014. The truck, which is owned by Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E), features up to 40 miles of all-electric range and

  19. Personnel Security

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2011-07-21

    The order establishes requirements that will enable DOE to operate a successful, efficient, cost-effective personnel security program that will ensure accurate, timely and equitable determinations of individuals eligibility for access to classified information and Special Nuclear Material (SNM). This limited revision will ensure that individuals holding dual citizenship receive proper consideration from a counterintelligence perspective prior to being granted access to classified matter or Special Nuclear Material. Pg Chg 1, 7-9-14 supersedes DOE O 472.2 Admin Chg 1.

  20. CI

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    L ,_ -* \ r. I ' ._I DOE/EV-0005/22 ' ANL-OHS/HP-834 00 /??d!Lc;a,,,,; , 45 c CI --ti.Y \.J Sd p/g; ' FORMERLY UTILIZED MED/AEC SITES REMEDIAL ACTION PROGRAM RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE NATIONAL GUARD ARMORY AT WASHINGTON PARK, 52ND STREET AND COTTAGE GROVE AVENUE, CHICAGO, ILLINOIS September 19, 1977 - October 11, 1978 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY DIVISION Health Physics Section ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY, ARGONNE, ILLINOIS Prepared for the U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY under Contract

  1. Mr. Daniel Cohen U.S. Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    March 21, 2011 Mr. Daniel Cohen U.S. Department of Energy Office of the General Council 1000 Independence Avenue, SW., Room 6A245 Washington, DC 20585-0121 Docket ID: DOE-HQ-2011-0014 Dear Mr. Cohen: This letter comprises the comments of the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E), Southern California Gas Company (SCGC), San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E), and Southern California Edison (SCE) in response to the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Request for Information on Regulatory

  2. SunShot Prize Teams | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SunShot Prize Teams SunShot Prize Teams Five teams were selected to participate in the SunShot Prize: Race to 7-Day Solar. Northern and Central California SunShot Alliance This group, consisting of PG&E, SolarCity, Accela, and Qado, intends to design and implement a next day, or even same day, end-to-end process - from online solar building permit application to Permission to Operate (PTO) letter from the power utility. Although this goal is significantly faster than what may be required to

  3. MEMORANDUM TCZ F I L E FROM:

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    . a 8 A,0 MEMORANDUM TCZ - F I L E FROM: &i!!~--!~~- fALTERNATE OWNER(S) - - - - - - - - P a s t : c u r r e n t : ? m-C<.~~.~~ se tw~,*Jwl pa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -e-e-------e-----o--e---e-L Owver c o n t a c t e d P Ye.= ????? if yes, d a t e c~ntacted--~~~~~~~---- IxPg OF OPERATION Ff ---y - - - - - - - - - Research & D e v e l o p m e n t Y' Production scale testing Cl Pilat Scale 0 B e n c h Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies 0 Sample 84 Analysis ? F a

  4. PPaAJ~f~-"'

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    - PgOPO6bt OF MURD . COls'iRACT AT(lI&1)-140~ FIlli ml3 (31EXIUL CON6'E'JCTICB :i:, cbp, ., ,,. ._. SBMOL: "' PPaAJ~f~-"' :: "' ~ .' ., .~ : c !. .: ..:.. ..~ : ,. r. :;: A?TiL.C?@!, " ' If. D&do& . . . . . .' .' :: ,,,, A&g.?% Tigs mwonodum raquosts mat a cmtnot with (ho chwloal Cmetructlm Cerp.. bo jinqmrod la aw~danao with inforwtla hemlaaf4.r se4 fstb. Ski? mebere&dw proadsa a empfste reaord oizthe aego4Aa4lws leadia~ $e'the'prop~d OcDtrrrot and alro

  5. Title

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Volcanic Centers of Southwestern Nevada: Evaluation of Understanding 1960-1988 (pg. 5908-5924) Geology Author Byers, Jr., F. M., W. J. Carr & P. O. Orkild 101145 Document Date 5/10/89 Document Type Published Article scientific or technical journals) Recipients Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 94, No. 85 ERC Index number 05.09.189 Box Number 1686-1 J O U R N A L OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH. VOL. 94. NO. 85. PAGES 5908-5924, MAY 10. 1989 Volcanic Centers of Southwestern Nevada: Evolution of

  6. Insights on postinjection-associated soot emissions in direct injection diesel engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arregle, Jean; Pastor, Jose V.; Lopez, J. Javier; Garcia, Antonio

    2008-08-15

    A comprehensive study was carried out in order to better understand combustion behavior in a direct injection diesel engine when using postinjections. More specifically, the aim of the study is twofold: (1) to better understand the mechanism of a postinjection to reduce soot and (2) to improve the understanding of the contribution of the postinjection combustion on the total soot emissions by looking at the effect of the postinjection timing variation and the postinjection mass variation on the soot emissions associated with the postinjection. The study is focused only on far postinjections, and the explored operating conditions include the use of EGR. The first objective was fulfilled analyzing some results from a previous work adding only a few complementary results. Concerning the second objective, the basic idea behind the analysis performed is the search of appropriate parameters physically linked to the processes under analysis. These parameters are found based on the state-of-the-art of diesel combustion. For the effect of the postinjection timing, the physical parameter found was the temperature of the unburned gases at the end of injection, T{sub ug{sub E}}{sub oI}. It was checked that a threshold level of T{sub ug{sub E}}{sub oI} ({proportional_to}700 K for the cases explored here) exists below which soot is unable to be formed, independently of the postinjection size, and the amount of soot increases as the temperature increases beyond this threshold. For the effect of the postinjection size, the physical parameter that was found was DoI/ACT (the ratio between the actual duration of injection and the time necessary for mixing - the apparent combustion time). This parameter can quantify when the postinjection is able to produce soot (the threshold value is {proportional_to}0.37 for the cases explored here), and the amount of soot produced increases as this parameter increases beyond this threshold value. A function containing these two parameters has been fitted to the experimental soot emissions associated with the postinjection obtained in many engine operating conditions, and the appropriate quality of the fit demonstrates that these two parameters explain the main behaviors of the soot emissions associated with a postinjection. (author)

  7. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  8. Heteromorphism and crystallization paths of katungites, Navajo volcanic field, Arizona, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laughlin, A.W.; Charles, R.W.; Aldrich, M.J. Jr.

    1986-01-01

    A swarm of thin, isochemical but heteromorphic dikes crops out in the valley of Hasbidito Creek in NE Arizona. The swarm is part of the dominantly potassic, mid-Tertiary Navajo volcanic field of the Colorado Plateau. Whole-rock chemical analyses of five samples from four of the dikes indicate that they are chemically identical to the katungites of Uganda. These dikes show the characteristic seriate-porphyritic texture of lamprophyres. Samples of an olivine-melilitite dike from the same swarm lack this texture and the chemical analysis, while similar to those of the other dikes, shows effects from the incorporation of xenocrystic olivine. Over 20 mineral phases have been identified in the Arizona samples and as many as 18 phases may occur in a single sample. The major phases are phlogopite, olivine, perovskite, opaque oxides, +- melilite and +- clinopyroxene. Based upon the modal mineralogies and textures of ten dike samples, we recognize five general non-equilibrium assemblages. Comparison of these assemblages with recent experimental results shows that they represent various combinations of complete and incomplete reactions. Reaction relations were determined by entering melt and phase compositions into the computer program GENMIX to obtain balanced reactions. By combining petrographic observations with mineral chemical data, balanced reactions from GENMIX, and the recently determined phase diagrams we are able to trace crystallization paths for the katungite magma.

  9. Clean energy for development investment framework: the World Bank Group action plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2007-03-06

    In September 2005 the Development Committee requested the World Bank to develop an Investment Framework for Clean Energy and Development - in the context of the Gleneagles Communique on Climate Change, Clean Energy and Sustainable Development which was issued in July 2005. This Action Plan provides an update of work undertaken to date as well as actions planned by the World Bank Group (WBG) in support of the Clean Energy for Development Investment Framework (CEIF). The Action Plan relies on partnerships, including with the International Financial Institutions (IFIs) and the private sector. While it concentrates on maximizing and extending existing instruments, it provides for continued dialogue with governments and the private sector on new approaches to accelerate the transition to a low carbon economy. In addition to increased investments, the private sector has an important role to play in closing the investment gap in many countries. Projects such as Bujagali (Uganda), Nam Theun II (Laos) and China and India Thermal Power Plant Rehabilitation projects are examples of how partnerships with the private sector can work, both on financing but also on enhancing the overall regulatory framework for enhanced partnerships. The report was prepared for the 15 April 2007 Development Committee meeting, a joint committee of the Board of Governors of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund on the transfer of real resources to developing countries. 3 figs., 3 tabs., 5 annexes.

  10. Building international genomics collaboration for global health security

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Cui, Helen H.; Erkkila, Tracy; Chain, Patrick S. G.; Vuyisich, Momchilo

    2015-12-07

    Genome science and technologies are transforming life sciences globally in many ways and becoming a highly desirable area for international collaboration to strengthen global health. The Genome Science Program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory is leveraging a long history of expertise in genomics research to assist multiple partner nations in advancing their genomics and bioinformatics capabilities. The capability development objectives focus on providing a molecular genomics-based scientific approach for pathogen detection, characterization, and biosurveillance applications. The general approaches include introduction of basic principles in genomics technologies, training on laboratory methodologies and bioinformatic analysis of resulting data, procurement, and installationmore » of next-generation sequencing instruments, establishing bioinformatics software capabilities, and exploring collaborative applications of the genomics capabilities in public health. Genome centers have been established with public health and research institutions in the Republic of Georgia, Kingdom of Jordan, Uganda, and Gabon; broader collaborations in genomics applications have also been developed with research institutions in many other countries.« less

  11. Photoperiodic Regulation of the Seasonal Pattern of Photosynthetic Capacity and the Implications for Carbon Cycling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauerle, William L.; Oren, Ram; Way, Danielle A.; Qian, Song S.; Stoy, Paul C.; Thornton, Peter E; Bowden, Joseph D.; Hoffman, Forrest M; Reynolds, Robert F.

    2012-01-01

    Although temperature is an important driver of seasonal changes in photosynthetic physiology, photoperiod also regulates leaf activity. Climate change will extend growing seasons if temperature cues predominate, but photoperiod-controlled species will show limited responsiveness to warming. We show that photoperiod explains more seasonal variation in photosynthetic activity across 23 tree species than temperature. Although leaves remain green, photosynthetic capacity peaks just after summer solstice and declines with decreasing photoperiod, before air temperatures peak. In support of these findings, saplings grown at constant temperature but exposed to an extended photoperiod maintained high photosynthetic capacity, but photosynthetic activity declined in saplings experiencing a naturally shortening photoperiod; leaves remained equally green in both treatments. Incorporating a photoperiodic correction of photosynthetic physiology into a global-scale terrestrial carbon-cycle model significantly improves predictions of seasonal atmospheric CO{sub 2} cycling, demonstrating the benefit of such a function in coupled climate system models. Accounting for photoperiod-induced seasonality in photosynthetic parameters reduces modeled global gross primary production 2.5% ({approx}4 PgC y{sup -1}), resulting in a >3% ({approx}2 PgC y{sup -1}) decrease of net primary production. Such a correction is also needed in models estimating current carbon uptake based on remotely sensed greenness. Photoperiod-associated declines in photosynthetic capacity could limit autumn carbon gain in forests, even if warming delays leaf senescence.

  12. Hoopa Valley Small Scale Hydroelectric Feasibility Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtis Miller

    2009-03-22

    This study considered assessing the feasibility of developing small scale hydro-electric power from seven major tributaries within the Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation of Northern California (http://www.hoopa-nsn.gov/). This study pursued the assessment of seven major tributaries of the Reservation that flow into the Trinity River. The feasibility of hydropower on the Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation has real potential for development and many alternative options for project locations, designs, operations and financing. In order to realize this opportunity further will require at least 2-3 years of intense data collection focusing on stream flow measurements at multiple locations in order to quantify real power potential. This also includes on the ground stream gradient surveys, road access planning and grid connectivity to PG&E for sale of electricity. Imperative to this effort is the need for negotiations between the Hoopa Tribal Council and PG&E to take place in order to finalize the power rate the Tribe will receive through any wholesale agreement that utilizes the alternative energy generated on the Reservation.

  13. Cogeneration and Small Power Production Quarterly Report to the California Public Utilities Commission Third Quarter - September 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1982-09-01

    In the Third Quarter of 1982, the number of signed contracts and committed projects rose from 148 to 173, with a total estimated nominal capacity of these projects of 922 MW. Of this nominal capacity, about 168 MW is operational, and the balance is under contract for development. Of the 173 signed contracts and committed projects, 61 were cogeneration and solid waste projects with a potential of 643 MW. PG and E also had under active discussion 28 cogeneration projects that could generate a total of 968 MW to 1,049 MW, and 10 solid waste projects with a potential of 90 MW to 95 MW. Wind projects under contract number 84, with a generating capability of 85 MW. Also, discussions are being conducted with 17 wind projects, totaling 83 MW. There are 23 hydroelectric projects with signed contracts and a potential of 95 MW, as well as 63 projects under active discussion for 169 MW. In addition, there are 25 hydroelectric projects, with a nominal capacity of 278 MW, that PG and E is constructing or planning to construct. Five contracts have been signed with projects, using other types of electric power generation, capable of producing 100 MW.

  14. Permafrost carbonclimate feedback is sensitive to deep soil carbon decomposability but not deep soil nitrogen dynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koven, Charles D.; Lawrence, David M.; Riley, William J.

    2015-03-09

    Permafrost soils contain enormous amounts of organic carbon whose stability is contingent on remaining frozen. With future warming, these soils may release carbon to the atmosphere and act as a positive feedback to climate change. Significant uncertainty remains on the postthaw carbon dynamics of permafrost-affected ecosystems, in particular since most of the carbon resides at depth where decomposition dynamics may differ from surface soils, and since nitrogen mineralized by decomposition may enhance plant growth. Here we show, using a carbonnitrogen model that includes permafrost processes forced in an unmitigated warming scenario, that the future carbon balance of the permafrost region is highly sensitive to the decomposability of deeper carbon, with the net balance ranging from 21 Pg C to 164 Pg C losses by 2300. Increased soil nitrogen mineralization reduces nutrient limitations, but the impact of deep nitrogen on the carbon budget is small due to enhanced nitrogen availability from warming surface soils and seasonal asynchrony between deeper nitrogen availability and plant nitrogen demands. The future carbon balance of this region is projected to hinge more on the rate and extent of permafrost thaw and soil decomposition than on enhanced nitrogen availability for vegetation growth resulting from permafrost thaw.

  15. Atmospheric mercury (Hg) in the Adirondacks: Concentrations and sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hyun-Deok Choi; Thomas M. Holsen; Philip K. Hopke

    2008-08-15

    Hourly averaged gaseous elemental Hg (GEM) concentrations and hourly integrated reactive gaseous Hg (RGM), and particulate Hg (HgP) concentrations in the ambient air were measured at Huntington Forest in the Adirondacks, New York from June 2006 to May 2007. The average concentrations of GEM, RGM, and HgP were 1.4 {+-} 0.4 ng m{sup -3}, 1.8 {+-} 2.2 pg m{sup -3}, and 3.2 {+-} 3.7 pg m{sup -3}, respectively. RGM represents <3.5% of total atmospheric Hg or total gaseous Hg (TGM: GEM + RGM) and HgP represents <3.0% of the total atmospheric Hg. The highest mean concentrations of GEM, RGM, and HgP were measured during winter and summer whereas the lowest mean concentrations were measured during spring and fall. Significant diurnal patterns were apparent in warm seasons for all species whereas diurnal patterns were weak in cold seasons. RGM was better correlated with ozone concentration and temperature in both warm than the other species. Potential source contribution function (PSCF) analysis was applied to identify possible Hg sources. This method identified areas in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky, Texas, Indiana, and Missouri, which coincided well with sources reported in a 2002 U.S. mercury emissions inventory. 51 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

  16. Design and Evaluation of a Clock Multiplexing Circuit for the SSRL Booster Accelerator Timing System - Oral Presentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Araya, Million

    2015-08-25

    SPEAR3 is a 234 m circular storage ring at SLACs synchrotron radiation facility (SSRL) in which a 3 GeV electron beam is stored for user access. Typically the electron beam decays with a time constant of approximately 10hr due to electron lose. In order to replenish the lost electrons, a booster synchrotron is used to accelerate fresh electrons up to 3GeV for injection into SPEAR3. In order to maintain a constant electron beam current of 500mA, the injection process occurs at 5 minute intervals. At these times the booster synchrotron accelerates electrons for injection at a 10Hz rate. A 10Hz 'injection ready' clock pulse train is generated when the booster synchrotron is operating. Between injection intervalswhere the booster is not running and hence the 10 Hz injection ready signal is not present-a 10Hz clock is derived from the power line supplied by Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) to keep track of the injection timing. For this project I constructed a multiplexing circuit to 'switch' between the booster synchrotron 'injection ready' clock signal and PG&E based clock signal. The circuit uses digital IC components and is capable of making glitch-free transitions between the two clocks. This report details construction of a prototype multiplexing circuit including test results and suggests improvement opportunities for the final design.

  17. Design and Evaluation of a Clock Multiplexing Circuit for the SSRL Booster Accelerator Timing System - Final Paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Araya, Million

    2015-08-21

    SPEAR3 is a 234 m circular storage ring at SLACs synchrotron radiation facility (SSRL) in which a 3 GeV electron beam is stored for user access. Typically the electron beam decays with a time constant of approximately 10hr due to electron lose. In order to replenish the lost electrons, a booster synchrotron is used to accelerate fresh electrons up to 3GeV for injection into SPEAR3. In order to maintain a constant electron beam current of 500mA, the injection process occurs at 5 minute intervals. At these times the booster synchrotron accelerates electrons for injection at a 10Hz rate. A 10Hz 'injection ready' clock pulse train is generated when the booster synchrotron is operating. Between injection intervals-where the booster is not running and hence the 10 Hz injection ready signal is not present-a 10Hz clock is derived from the power line supplied by Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) to keep track of the injection timing. For this project I constructed a multiplexing circuit to 'switch' between the booster synchrotron 'injection ready' clock signal and PG&E based clock signal. The circuit uses digital IC components and is capable of making glitch-free transitions between the two clocks. This report details construction of a prototype multiplexing circuit including test results and suggests improvement opportunities for the final design.

  18. Permafrost carbon—climate feedback is sensitive to deep soil carbon decomposability but not deep soil nitrogen dynamics

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Koven, Charles D.; Lawrence, David M.; Riley, William J.

    2015-03-09

    Permafrost soils contain enormous amounts of organic carbon whose stability is contingent on remaining frozen. With future warming, these soils may release carbon to the atmosphere and act as a positive feedback to climate change. Significant uncertainty remains on the postthaw carbon dynamics of permafrost-affected ecosystems, in particular since most of the carbon resides at depth where decomposition dynamics may differ from surface soils, and since nitrogen mineralized by decomposition may enhance plant growth. Here we show, using a carbon–nitrogen model that includes permafrost processes forced in an unmitigated warming scenario, that the future carbon balance of the permafrost regionmore » is highly sensitive to the decomposability of deeper carbon, with the net balance ranging from 21 Pg C to 164 Pg C losses by 2300. Increased soil nitrogen mineralization reduces nutrient limitations, but the impact of deep nitrogen on the carbon budget is small due to enhanced nitrogen availability from warming surface soils and seasonal asynchrony between deeper nitrogen availability and plant nitrogen demands. The future carbon balance of this region is projected to hinge more on the rate and extent of permafrost thaw and soil decomposition than on enhanced nitrogen availability for vegetation growth resulting from permafrost thaw.« less

  19. Computational Analysis of an Evolutionarily Conserved VertebrateMuscle Alternative Splicing Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Das, Debopriya; Clark, Tyson A.; Schweitzer, Anthony; Marr,Henry; Yamamoto, Miki L.; Parra, Marilyn K.; Arribere, Josh; Minovitsky,Simon; Dubchak, Inna; Blume, John E.; Conboy, John G.

    2006-06-15

    A novel exon microarray format that probes gene expression with single exon resolution was employed to elucidate critical features of a vertebrate muscle alternative splicing program. A dataset of 56 microarray-defined, muscle-enriched exons and their flanking introns were examined computationally in order to investigate coordination of the muscle splicing program. Candidate intron regulatory motifs were required to meet several stringent criteria: significant over-representation near muscle-enriched exons, correlation with muscle expression, and phylogenetic conservation among genomes of several vertebrate orders. Three classes of regulatory motifs were identified in the proximal downstream intron, within 200nt of the target exons: UGCAUG, a specific binding site for Fox-1 related splicing factors; ACUAAC, a novel branchpoint-like element; and UG-/UGC-rich elements characteristic of binding sites for CELF splicing factors. UGCAUG was remarkably enriched, being present in nearly one-half of all cases. These studies suggest that Fox and CELF splicing factors play a major role in enforcing the muscle-specific alternative splicing program, facilitating expression of a set of unique isoforms of cytoskeletal proteins that are critical to muscle cell differentiation. Supplementary materials: There are four supplementary tables and one supplementary figure. The tables provide additional detailed information concerning the muscle-enriched datasets, and about over-represented oligonucleotide sequences in the flanking introns. The supplementary figure shows RT-PCR data confirming the muscle-enriched expression of exons predicted from the microarray analysis.

  20. Analysis of Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Samples: Integrated Summary Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Britt, Phillip F

    2015-03-01

    Analysis of Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Samples: Integrated Summary Report. Summaries of conclusions, analytical processes, and analytical results. Analysis of samples taken from the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad, New Mexico in support of the WIPP Technical Assessment Team (TAT) activities to determine to the extent feasible the mechanisms and chemical reactions that may have resulted in the breach of at least one waste drum and release of waste material in WIPP Panel 7 Room 7 on February 14, 2014. This report integrates and summarizes the results contained in three separate reports, described below, and draws conclusions based on those results. Chemical and Radiochemical Analyses of WIPP Samples R-15 C5 SWB and R16 C-4 Lip; PNNL-24003, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, December 2014 Analysis of Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Underground and MgO Samples by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL); SRNL-STI-2014-00617; Savannah River National Laboratory, December 2014 Report for WIPP UG Sample #3, R15C5 (9/3/14); LLNL-TR-667015; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, January 2015 This report is also contained in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Technical Assessment Team Report; SRNL-RP-2015-01198; Savannah River National Laboratory, March 17, 2015, as Appendix C: Analysis Integrated Summary Report.

  1. Waste Area Group 10, Operable Unit 10-08, Annual Monitoring Status Report for Fiscal Year 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howard Forsythe

    2010-02-04

    This report documents the status of Fiscal Year 2009 groundwater monitoring performed in Waste Area Group 10 at the U.S. Department of Energy Idaho National Laboratory Site, as identified in the Groundwater Monitoring and Field Sampling Plan for Operable Unit 10-08. Twelve of the fourteen required wells were sampled, and all ten required intervals from the Westbay wells were sampled. Two wells were not sampled because they were in the process of being converted into multiple-sample-interval Westbay wells by the U.S. Geological Survey. Groundwater samples were analyzed for volatile organic compounds identified on the Contract Laboratory Program target analyte list as well as metals (filtered), anions, and radionuclides (i.e., I-129, tritium, Tc-99, gross alpha, gross beta, and Sr-90). No contaminant exceeded maximum contaminant levels in wells along the southern boundary of the Idaho National Laboratory Site or in guard wells. Iron was above its secondary maximum contaminant level of 300 ug/L in one well. The cause of the elevated iron concentration is uncertain. Lead was detected just below its action level. However, the zinc concentration was also elevated in these wells, and the source of the lead is probably galvanized riser pipe in the wells. Once the galvanized pipe is replaced, both lead and zinc concentrations should decline, as has been observed at other Waste Area Group 10 wells.

  2. Unidentified Gamma-Ray Sources: Hunting Gamma-Ray Blazars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Massaro, F.; D'Abrusco, R.; Tosti, G.; Ajello, M.; Gasparrini, A.Paggi.D.

    2012-04-02

    One of the main scientific objectives of the ongoing Fermi mission is unveiling the nature of the unidentified {gamma}-ray sources (UGSs). Despite the large improvements of Fermi in the localization of {gamma}-ray sources with respect to the past {gamma}-ray missions, about one third of the Fermi-detected objects are still not associated to low energy counterparts. Recently, using the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) survey, we discovered that blazars, the rarest class of Active Galactic Nuclei and the largest population of {gamma}-ray sources, can be recognized and separated from other extragalactic sources on the basis of their infrared (IR) colors. Based on this result, we designed an association method for the {gamma}-ray sources to recognize if there is a blazar candidate within the positional uncertainty region of a generic {gamma}-ray source. With this new IR diagnostic tool, we searched for {gamma}-ray blazar candidates associated to the UGS sample of the second Fermi {gamma}-ray catalog (2FGL). We found that our method associates at least one {gamma}-ray blazar candidate as a counterpart each of 156 out of 313 UGSs analyzed. These new low-energy candidates have the same IR properties as the blazars associated to {gamma}-ray sources in the 2FGL catalog.

  3. INVESTIGATION OF PLUTONIUM AND URANIUM UPTAKE INTO MCU SOLVENT AND NEXT GENERATION SOLVENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, T.; Fink, S.

    2012-01-06

    At the request of the Savannah River Remediation (SRR) customer, the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) examined the plutonium (Pu) and uranium (U) uptake into the Next Generation Solvent (NGS) that will be used at the Salt Waste Processing Facility (SWPF). SRNL examined archived samples of solvent used in Extraction-Scrub-Strip (ESS) tests, as well as samples from new tests designed explicitly to examine the Pu and U uptake. Direct radiocounting for Pu and U provided the best results. Using the radiocounting results, we found that in all cases there were <3.41E-12 g Pu/g of NGS and <1.17E-05 g U/g of NGS in multiple samples, even after extended contact times and high aqueous:organic volume phase ratios. These values are conservative as they do not allow for release or removal of the actinides by scrub, strip, or solvent wash processes. The values do not account for extended use or any increase that may occur due to radiolytic damage of the solvent.

  4. U-234/U-238 ratio: Qualitative estimate of groundwater flow in Rocky Flats monitoring wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laul, J.C.

    1994-02-01

    Groundwater movement through various pathways is the primary mechanism for the transport of radionuclides and trace elements in a water/rock interaction. About three dozen wells, installed in the Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) Solar Evaporation Ponds (SEP) area, are monitored quarterly to evaluate the extent of any lateral and downgradient migration of contaminants from the Solar Evaporation Ponds: 207-A; 207-B North, 207-B Center, and 207-B South; and 207-C. The Solar Ponds are the main source for the various contaminants: radionuclides (U-238, U-234, Pu-239, 240 and Am-241); anions; and trace metals to groundwaters. The U-238 concentrations in Rocky Flats groundwaters vary from <0.2 to 69 pCi/I (IpCi = 3 ug). However, the activity U-234/U-238 ratios are low and range mostly 1.2 to 2.7. The low activity ratios can be interpreted to suggest that the groundwaters are moving slow (

  5. Prevalence of persistent cough and phlegm in young adults in relation to long-term ambient sulfur oxide exposure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chapman, R.S.; Calafiore, D.C.; Hasselblad, V.

    1985-01-01

    In early 1976, a survey of persistent co gh and plegma (PCP) prevalence was conducted in 5623 young adults in four Utah communities. Over the previous five years, community specific mean sulfur dioxide levels had been 11, 18, 36, and 115 ug/mT. Corresponding mean suspended sulfate levels had been 5, 7, 8, and 14 g/mT No intercommunity exposure gradient of total suspended particulates or suspended nitrates was observed. In mothers, PCP prevalence among non-smokers was 4.2% in the high-exposure community and about 2.0% in all other communities. In smoking mothers, PCP prevalence was 21.8% in the high-exposure community and about 15.0% elsewhere. In fathers, PCP prevalence among non-smokers was about 8.0% in the high-exposure community and averaged about 3.0% elsewhere. In smoking fathers, PCP prevalence was less strongly associated with sulfur oxide exposure. PCP prevalence rates estimated in a categorical logistic regression model were qualitatively consistent with the prevalences presented above.

  6. Cell-specific oxidative stress and cytotoxicity after wildfire coarse particulate matter instillation into mouse lung

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Keisha M.; Franzi, Lisa M.; Last, Jerold A.

    2013-01-01

    Our previous work has shown that coarse particulate matter (PM{sub 10-2.5}) from wildfire smoke is more toxic to lung macrophages on an equal dose (by mass) basis than coarse PM isolated from normal ambient air, as evidenced by decreased numbers of macrophages in lung lavage fluid 6 and 24 hours after PM instillation into mouse lungs in vivo and by cytotoxicity to a macrophage cell line observed directly in vitro. We hypothesized that pulmonary macrophages from mice instilled with wildfire coarse PM would undergo more cytotoxicity than macrophages from controls, and that there would be an increase in oxidative stress in their lungs. Cytotoxicity was quantified as decreased viable macrophages and increased percentages of dead macrophages in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of mice instilled with wildfire coarse PM. At 1 hour after PM instillation, we observed both decreased numbers of viable macrophages and increased dead macrophage percentages as compared to controls. An increase in free isoprostanes, an indicator of oxidative stress, from control values of 28.1 3.2 pg/mL to 83.9 12.2 pg/mL was observed a half-hour after PM instillation. By 1 hour after PM instillation, isoprostane values had returned to 30.4 7.6 pg/mL, not significantly different from control concentrations. Lung sections from mice instilled with wildfire coarse PM showed rapid Clara cell responses, with decreased intracellular staining for the Clara cell secretory protein CCSP 1 hour after wildfire PM instillation. In conclusion, very rapid cytotoxicity occurs in pulmonary macrophages and oxidative stress responses are seen 0.51 hour after wildfire coarse PM instillation. These results define early cellular and biochemical events occurring in vivo and support the hypothesis that oxidative stress-mediated macrophage toxicity plays a key role in the initial response of the mouse lung to wildfire PM exposure. -- Highlights: ? We studied very early events (0.51 hour) after giving wildfire PM{sub 10-2.5} to mice. ? Wildfire PM{sub 10-2.5} rapidly kills lung macrophages in mice. ? Wildfire PM{sub 10-2.5} rapidly elicits oxidative stress in mice. ? Wildfire PM{sub 10-2.5} rapidly elicits Clara cell CCSP secretion in mice. ? Wildfire PM{sub 10-2.5} rapidly elicits TNF-? secretion into BALF in mice.

  7. Cogeneration and Small Power Production Quarterly Report to the California Public Utilities Commission. Second Quarter 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1984-01-01

    At the end of the Second Quarter of 1984, the number of signed contracts and letter agreements for cogeneration and small power production projects was 334, with total estimated nominal capacity of 2,876 MW. Of these totals, 232 projects, capable of producing 678 MW, are operational (Table A). A map indicating the location of operational facilities under contract with PG and E is provided as Figure A. Developers of cogeneration projects had signed 80 contracts with a potential of 1,161 MW. Thirty-three contracts had been signed for solid waste/biomass projects for a total of 298 MW. In total, 118 contracts and letter agreements had been signed with cogeneration, solid waste, and biomass projects capable of producing 1,545 MW. PG and E also had under active discussion 46 cogeneration projects that could generate a total of 688 MW to 770 MW, and 13 solid waste or biomass projects with a potential of 119 MW to 139 MW. One contract had been signed for a geothermal project, capable of producing 80 MW. Two geothermal projects were under active discussion for a total of 2 MW. There were 8 solar projects with signed contracts and a potential of 37 MW, as well as 4 solar projects under active discussion for 31 MW. Wind farm projects under contract numbered 34, with a generating capability of 1,042 MW, Also, discussions were being conducted with 23 wind farm projects, totaling 597 MW. There were 100 wind projects of 100 kW or less with signed contracts and a potential of 1 MW, as well as 7 other small wind projects under active discussion. There were 71 hydroelectric projects with signed contracts and a potential of 151 MW, as well as 76 projects under active discussion for 505 MW. In addition, there were 18 hydroelectric projects, with a nominal capacity of 193 MW, that PG and E was planning to construct. Table B displays the above information. Appendix A displays in tabular form the status reports of the projects as of June 30, 1984.

  8. P- and S-body wave tomography of the state of Nevada.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Preston, Leiph

    2010-04-01

    P- and S-body wave travel times collected from stations in and near the state of Nevada were inverted for P-wave velocity and the Vp/Vs ratio. These waves consist of Pn, Pg, Sn and Sg, but only the first arriving P and S waves were used in the inversion. Travel times were picked by University of Nevada Reno colleagues and were culled for inclusion in the tomographic inversion. The resulting tomographic model covers the entire state of Nevada to a depth of {approx}90 km; however, only the upper 40 km indicate relatively good resolution. Several features of interest are imaged including the Sierra Nevada, basin structures, and low velocities at depth below Yucca Mountain. These velocity structure images provide valuable information to aide in the interpretation of geothermal resource areas throughout the state on Nevada.

  9. Photoresponsive Release from Azobenzene-Modified Single Cubic Crystal NaCl/Silica Particles

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jiang, Xingmao; Liu, Nanguo; Assink, Roger A.; Jiang, Yingbing; Brinker, C. Jeffrey

    2011-01-01

    Azobenzene ligands were uniformly anchored to the pore surfaces of nanoporous silica particles with single crystal NaCl using 4-(3-triethoxysilylpropylureido)azobenzene (TSUA). The functionalization delayed the release of NaCl significantly. The modified particles demonstrated a photocontrolled release by trans/cis isomerization of azobenzene moieties. The addition of amphiphilic solvents, propylene glycol (PG), propylene glycol propyl ether (PGPE), and dipropylene glycol propyl ether (DPGPE) delayed the release in water, although the wetting behavior was improved and the delay is the most for the block molecules with the longest carbon chain. The speedup by UV irradiation suggests a strong dependence of diffusion on the switchablemore » pore size. TGA, XRD, FTIR, and NMR techniques were used to characterize the structures.« less

  10. Maximizing the Value of Photovoltaic Installations on Schools in California: Choosing the Best Electricity Rates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ong, S.; Denholm, P.

    2011-07-01

    Schools in California often have a choice between multiple electricity rate options. For schools with photovoltaic (PV) installations, choosing the right rate is essential to maximize the value of PV generation. The rate option that minimizes a school?s electricity expenses often does not remain the most economical choice after the school installs a PV system. The complex interaction between PV generation, building load, and rate structure makes determining the best rate a challenging task. This report evaluates 22 rate structures across three of California?s largest electric utilities--Pacific Gas and Electric Co. (PG&E), Southern California Edison (SCE), and San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E)--in order to identify common rate structure attributes that are favorable to PV installations.

  11. CONFIRMATORY SURVEY RESULTS FOR PORTIONS OF THE MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT FROM UNITS 1 AND 2 AT THE HUMBOLDT BAY POWER PLANT, EUREKA, CALIFORNIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    W.C. Adams

    2011-04-01

    The Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E) operated the Humboldt Bay Power Plant (HBPP) Unit 3 nuclear reactor near Eureka, California under Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) provisional license number DPR-7. HBPP Unit 3 achieved initial criticality in February 1963 and began commercial operations in August 1963. Unit 3 was a natural circulation boiling water reactor with a direct-cycle design. This design eliminated the need for heat transfer loops and large containment structures. Also, the pressure suppression containment design permitted below-ground construction. Stainless steel fuel claddings were used from startup until cladding failures resulted in plant system contaminationzircaloy-clad fuel was used exclusively starting in 1965 eliminating cladding-related contamination. A number of spills and gaseous releases were reported during operations resulting in a range of mitigative activities (see ESI 2008 for details).

  12. High-frequency shear-horizontal surface acoustic wave sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Branch, Darren W

    2013-05-07

    A Love wave sensor uses a single-phase unidirectional interdigital transducer (IDT) on a piezoelectric substrate for leaky surface acoustic wave generation. The IDT design minimizes propagation losses, bulk wave interferences, provides a highly linear phase response, and eliminates the need for impedance matching. As an example, a high frequency (.about.300-400 MHz) surface acoustic wave (SAW) transducer enables efficient excitation of shear-horizontal waves on 36.degree. Y-cut lithium tantalate (LTO) giving a highly linear phase response (2.8.degree. P-P). The sensor has the ability to detect at the pg/mm.sup.2 level and can perform multi-analyte detection in real-time. The sensor can be used for rapid autonomous detection of pathogenic microorganisms and bioagents by field deployable platforms.

  13. High-frequency shear-horizontal surface acoustic wave sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Branch, Darren W

    2014-03-11

    A Love wave sensor uses a single-phase unidirectional interdigital transducer (IDT) on a piezoelectric substrate for leaky surface acoustic wave generation. The IDT design minimizes propagation losses, bulk wave interferences, provides a highly linear phase response, and eliminates the need for impedance matching. As an example, a high frequency (.about.300-400 MHz) surface acoustic wave (SAW) transducer enables efficient excitation of shear-horizontal waves on 36.degree. Y-cut lithium tantalate (LTO) giving a highly linear phase response (2.8.degree. P-P). The sensor has the ability to detect at the pg/mm.sup.2 level and can perform multi-analyte detection in real-time. The sensor can be used for rapid autonomous detection of pathogenic microorganisms and bioagents by field deployable platforms.

  14. Axion-Like Particle Imprint in Cosmological Very-High-Energy Sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dominguez, A.; Sanchez-Conde, M.A.; Prada, F.; /IAA, Granada

    2012-06-13

    Discoveries of very high energy (VHE) photons from distant blazars suggest that, after correction by extragalactic background light (EBL) absorption, there is a flatness or even a turn-up in their spectra at the highest energies that cannot be easily explained by the standard framework. Here, it is shown that a possible solution to this problem is achieved by assuming the existence of axion-like particles (ALPs) with masses {approx} 1 neV. The ALP scenario is tested making use of observations of the highest redshift blazars known in the VHE energy regime, namely 3C 279, 3C 66A, PKS 1222+216 and PG 1553+113. In all cases, better fits to the observed spectra are found when including ALPs rather than considering EBL only. Interestingly, quite similar critical energies for photon/ALP conversions are also derived, independently of the source considered.

  15. PROCEEDINGS, Tenth Workshop on Geothe-1 Reservoir Engineering

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    PROCEEDINGS, Tenth Workshop on Geothe-1 Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California. January 2 2 - 2 4 , 1985 SCP-TR-84 A PACIFIC-WIDE GEOTHERMAL RESEARCH LABaRATQiY: THE KMA GEOTHERMAL RES- FACILITY Patrick Takahashi, Arthur S e k i , and B i l l men b i v e r s i t y of Hawaii 2540 Dole S t r e e t Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 PgSTRACT T h e Hawaii Geothermal Project (HGP-A) w e l l , located i n t h e Kilauea volcano east r i f t zone, w a s d r i l l e d t o a depth of 6450 f e

  16. Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) breast composition descriptors: Automated measurement development for full field digital mammography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fowler, E. E.; Sellers, T. A.; Lu, B.; Heine, J. J.

    2013-11-15

    Purpose: The Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) breast composition descriptors are used for standardized mammographic reporting and are assessed visually. This reporting is clinically relevant because breast composition can impact mammographic sensitivity and is a breast cancer risk factor. New techniques are presented and evaluated for generating automated BI-RADS breast composition descriptors using both raw and calibrated full field digital mammography (FFDM) image data.Methods: A matched case-control dataset with FFDM images was used to develop three automated measures for the BI-RADS breast composition descriptors. Histograms of each calibrated mammogram in the percent glandular (pg) representation were processed to create the new BR{sub pg} measure. Two previously validated measures of breast density derived from calibrated and raw mammograms were converted to the new BR{sub vc} and BR{sub vr} measures, respectively. These three measures were compared with the radiologist-reported BI-RADS compositions assessments from the patient records. The authors used two optimization strategies with differential evolution to create these measures: method-1 used breast cancer status; and method-2 matched the reported BI-RADS descriptors. Weighted kappa (?) analysis was used to assess the agreement between the new measures and the reported measures. Each measure's association with breast cancer was evaluated with odds ratios (ORs) adjusted for body mass index, breast area, and menopausal status. ORs were estimated as per unit increase with 95% confidence intervals.Results: The three BI-RADS measures generated by method-1 had ? between 0.250.34. These measures were significantly associated with breast cancer status in the adjusted models: (a) OR = 1.87 (1.34, 2.59) for BR{sub pg}; (b) OR = 1.93 (1.36, 2.74) for BR{sub vc}; and (c) OR = 1.37 (1.05, 1.80) for BR{sub vr}. The measures generated by method-2 had ? between 0.420.45. Two of these measures were significantly associated with breast cancer status in the adjusted models: (a) OR = 1.95 (1.24, 3.09) for BR{sub pg}; (b) OR = 1.42 (0.87, 2.32) for BR{sub vc}; and (c) OR = 2.13 (1.22, 3.72) for BR{sub vr}. The radiologist-reported measures from the patient records showed a similar association, OR = 1.49 (0.99, 2.24), although only borderline statistically significant.Conclusions: A general framework was developed and validated for converting calibrated mammograms and continuous measures of breast density to fully automated approximations for the BI-RADS breast composition descriptors. The techniques are general and suitable for a broad range of clinical and research applications.

  17. Rapid Detection and Identification of a Pathogen's DNA Using Phi29 DNA Polymerase

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Y.; Dunn, J.; Gao, S.; Bruno, J. F.; Luft, B. J.

    2008-10-31

    Zoonotic pathogens including those transmitted by insect vectors are some of the most deadly of all infectious diseases known to mankind. A number of these agents have been further weaponized and are widely recognized as being potentially significant biothreat agents. We describe a novel method based on multiply-primed rolling circle in vitro amplification for profiling genomic DNAs to permit rapid, cultivation-free differential detection and identification of circular plasmids in infectious agents. Using Phi29 DNA polymerase and a two-step priming reaction we could reproducibly detect and characterize by DNA sequencing circular DNA from Borrelia burgdorferi B31 in DNA samples containing as little as 25 pg of Borrelia DNA amongst a vast excess of human DNA. This simple technology can ultimately be adapted as a sensitive method to detect specific DNA from both known and unknown pathogens in a wide variety of complex environments.

  18. Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-02-07

    A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFO{trademark} exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer- coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the centerpoint of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SASTM access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).

  19. Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S

    2001-05-22

    A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFOTM exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer-coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the center-point of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SAS{trademark} access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).

  20. Measurement of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the air along the niagara river

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoff, R.M.; Chan, K.W.

    1987-06-01

    Two week-long studies in 1982-1983 have measure ambient concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and phthalate esters in air in both the particulate and gas phase along the US-Canadian border and the Niagara River. Concentrations of the PAH species monitored varied from 3 pg m/sup -3/ to 40 ng m/sup -3/. PAH's with three rings or less were found in significant proportions in the gas phase while larger molecules are almost solely in the particulate phase. Particulate components of the PAH loadings appear to originate locally with Buffalo, NY, Niagara Falls, NY, and Niagara Falls, Ontario, as probably sources. Gas-phase PAH components have a more regional character indicating regional or long-range transport. Levels of benzo(a)pyrene are consistent with previous particulate measurements made along the river since 1981.

  1. California Federal Facilities: Rate-Responsive Building Operation for Deeper Cost and Energy Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-05-01

    Dynamic pricing electricity tariffs, now the default for large customers in California (peak demand of 200 kW and higher for PG&E and SCE, and 20 kW and higher for SDG&E), are providing Federal facilities new opportunities to cut their electricity bills and help them meet their energy savings mandates. The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) has created this fact sheet to help California federal facilities take advantage of these opportunities through “rate-responsive building operation.” Rate-responsive building operation involves designing your load management strategies around your facility’s variable electric rate, using measures that require little or no financial investment.

  2. Disorder-to-order transitions induced by alkyne/azide click chemistry in diblock copolymer thin films.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wei, X.; Gu, W.; Chen, W.; Shen, X.; Liu, F.; Strzalka, J. W.; Jiang, Z.; Russell, T. P.

    2012-01-01

    We investigated thin film morphologies of binary blends of alkyne-functionalized diblock copolymer poly(ethylene oxide)-block-poly(n-butyl methacrylate-random-propargyl methacrylate) (PEO-b-P(nBMA-r-PgMA)) and Rhodamine B azide, where the thermal alkyne/azide click reaction between the two components induced a disorder-to-order transition (DOT) of the copolymer. By controlling the composition of the neat copolymers and the mole ratio between the alkyne and azide groups, different microphase separated morphologies were achieved. At higher azide loading ratios, a perpendicular orientation of the microdomains was observed with wide accessible film thickness window. As less azide was incorporated, the microdomains have a stronger tendency to be parallel to the substrate, and the film thickness window for perpendicular orientation also became narrower.

  3. Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maxwell, Mike, J., P.E.

    2012-08-30

    The STI product is the Final Technical Report from ReliOn, Inc. for contract award DE-EE0000487: Recovery Act PEM Fuel Cell Systems Providing Emergency Reserve and Backup Power. The program covered the turnkey deployment of 431 ReliOn fuel cell systems at 189 individual sites for AT&T and PG&E with ReliOn functioning as the primary equipment supplier and the project manager. The Final Technical Report provides an executive level summary, a comparison of the actual accomplishments vs. the goals and objectives of the project, as well as a summary of the project activity from the contract award date of August 1, 2009 through the contract expiration date of December 31, 2011. Two photos are included in the body of the report which show hydrogen storage and bulk hydrogen refueling technologies developed as a result of this program.

  4. Tracing explosive in solvent using quantum cascade laser with pulsed electric discharge system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, Seong-Wook; Tian, Chao; Martini, Rainer; Chen, Gang; Chen, I-chun Anderson

    2014-11-03

    We demonstrated highly sensitive detection of explosive dissolved in solvent with a portable spectroscopy system (Q-MACS) by tracing the explosive byproduct, N{sub 2}O, in combination with a pulsed electric discharge system for safe explosive decomposition. Using Octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine (HMX), the gas was monitored and analyzed by Q-MACS and the presence of the dissolved explosive clearly detected. While HMX presence could be identified directly in the air above the solutions even without plasma, much better results were achieved under the decomposition. The experiment results give an estimated detection limit of 10?ppb, which corresponds to a 15?pg of HMX.

  5. L

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5 RBN Energy June 1 6, 2 015 2 © Copyright 2015 RBN Energy 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 Bcf/d U.S. L ower 4 8 Dry G as ProducAon 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 MMB/d U.S. Crude O il ProducAon +92% Back to the level of May 1972; 4X Alaska in 2 years Source: EIA 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.6 MMB/d U.S. L PG* ProducAon From G as Processing +112% *LPG = P ropane & B utane Double 2008 75% of Worldwide LNG Market +57% 3 © Copyright 2015 RBN Energy Natural Gas ( 82) NGLs (18) (Number o f S ignificant P ipeline P rojects T

  6. 90 MW build/own/operate gas turbine combined cycle cogeneration project with sludge drying plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schroppe, J.T.

    1986-04-01

    This paper will discuss some of the unique aspects of a build/own/operate cogeneration project for an oil refinery in which Foster Wheeler is involved. The organization is constructing a 90 MW plant that will supply 55 MW and 160,000 lb/hr of 600 psi, 700F steam to the Tosco Corporation's 130,000 bd Avon Oil Refinery in Martinez, California. (The refinery is located about 45 miles northeast of San Francisco.) Surplus power production will be sold to the local utility, Pacific Gas and Electric Co. (PG and E). Many of the aspects of this project took on a different perspective, since the contractor would build, own and operate the plant.

  7. Profiteering on the Iran-Iraq war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brzoska, M.

    1987-06-01

    The military gear delivered from the US in the Iran-contra affair represents only a minor portion of arms sales to the combatants in the Iraq-Iran war. That war has now lasted more than six years and has deeply influenced the international arms market. Occurring during a period when other demand for arms has been relatively low, the war has nourished new suppliers and has revived both the legal and illegal private arms market. The erratic behavior of the USSR and the US, until recently by far the most important arms suppliers to the Third World, has pushed Iran and Iraq toward more commercially oriented sources, including many in the Third World. Both countries have had ample supplies of weapons during the war, and these weapons have served their purpose. Mainly because of its duration, the war already ranks third among post-World War II wars - after the Vietnam war and the Biafra war - in battlefield victims, with 300,000-500,000 casualties. The economic cost has risen to nearly $500 billion in weapons, destruction, and lost income. While it is hard to see anything but losers on the battlefield, the arms traffickers are profiting. Total Iranian arms imports since August 1980 have been higher than $10 billion, while Iraq has imported more than $30 billion worth. It is difficult to know whether making arms more difficult to obtain would have stopped the war, but judging from other recent wars, such as those between India and Pakistan, between Uganda and Tanzania, and in the Middle East, it seems likely that hostilities could have been stopped long ago. 12 references.

  8. Temperature-associated increases in the global soil respiration record

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin; Thomson, Allison M.

    2010-03-25

    Soil respiration (RS), the flux of CO2 from the soil surface to the atmosphere, comprises the second-largest terrestrial carbon flux, but its dynamics are incompletely understood, and the global flux remains poorly constrained. Ecosystem warming experiments, modelling analyses, and biokinetics all suggest that RS should change with climate. This has been difficult to confirm observationally because of the high spatial variability of RS, inaccessibility of the soil medium, and inability of remote sensing instruments to measure large-scale RS fluxes. Given these constraints, is it possible to discern climate-driven changes in regional or global RS fluxes in the extant four-decade record of RS chamber measurements? Here we use a database of worldwide RS observations, matched with high-resolution historical climate data, to show a previously unknown temporal trend in the RS record after accounting for mean annual climate, leaf area, nitrogen deposition, and changes in CO2 measurement technique. Air temperature anomaly (deviation from the 1961-1990 mean) is significantly and positively correlated with changes in RS fluxes; both temperature and precipitation anomalies exert effects in specific biomes. We estimate that the current (2008) annual global RS flux is 9812 Pg and has increased 0.1 Pg yr-1 over the last 20 years, implying a global RS temperature response (Q10) of 1.5. An increasing global RS flux does not necessarily constitute a positive feedback loop to the atmosphere; nonetheless, the available data are consistent with an acceleration of the terrestrial carbon cycle in response to global climate change.

  9. Interannual Variability in Global Soil Respiration on a 0.5 Degree Grid Cell Basis (1980-1994)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raich, J.W.

    2003-09-15

    We used a climate-driven regression model to develop spatially resolved estimates of soil-CO{sub 2} emissions from the terrestrial land surface for each month from January 1980 to December 1994, to evaluate the effects of interannual variations in climate on global soil-to-atmosphere CO{sub 2} fluxes. The mean annual global soil-CO{sub 2} flux over this 15-y period was estimated to be 80.4 (range 79.3-81.8) Pg C. Monthly variations in global soil-CO{sub 2} emissions followed closely the mean temperature cycle of the Northern Hemisphere. Globally, soil-CO{sub 2} emissions reached their minima in February and peaked in July and August. Tropical and subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forests contributed more soil-derived CO{sub 2} to the atmosphere than did any other vegetation type ({approx}30% of the total) and exhibited a biannual cycle in their emissions. Soil-CO{sub 2} emissions in other biomes exhibited a single annual cycle that paralleled the seasonal temperature cycle. Interannual variability in estimated global soil-CO{sub 2} production is substantially less than is variability in net carbon uptake by plants (i.e., net primary productivity). Thus, soils appear to buffer atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations against far more dramatic seasonal and interannual differences in plant growth. Within seasonally dry biomes (savannas, bushlands, and deserts), interannual variability in soil-CO{sub 2} emissions correlated significantly with interannual differences in precipitation. At the global scale, however, annual soil-CO{sub 2} fluxes correlated with mean annual temperature, with a slope of 3.3 PgCY{sup -1} per degree Celsius. Although the distribution of precipitation influences seasonal and spatial patterns of soil-CO{sub 2} emissions, global warming is likely to stimulate CO{sub 2} emissions from soils.

  10. Magnetic Bead Based Immunoassay for Autonomous Detection of Toxins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kwon, Y; Hara, C A; Knize, M G; Hwang, M H; Venkatesteswaran, K S; Wheeler, E K; Bell, P M; Renzi, R F; Fruetel, J A; Bailey, C G

    2008-05-01

    As a step towards toward the development of a rapid, reliable analyzer for bioagents in the environment, we are developing an automated system for the simultaneous detection of a group of select agents and toxins. To detect toxins, we modified and automated an antibody-based approach previously developed for manual medical diagnostics that uses fluorescent eTag{trademark} reporter molecules and is suitable for highly multiplexed assays. Detection is based on two antibodies binding simultaneously to a single antigen, one of which is labeled with biotin while the other is conjugated to a fluorescent eTag{trademark} through a cleavable linkage. Aqueous samples are incubated with the mixture of antibodies along with streptavidin-coated magnetic beads coupled to a photo-activatable porphyrin complex. In the presence of antigen, a molecular complex is formed where the cleavable linkage is held in proximity to the photoactivable group. Upon excitation at 680 nm, free radicals are generated, which diffuse and cleave the linkage, releasing the eTags{trademark}. Released eTags{trademark} are analyzed using capillary gel electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection. Limits of detection for ovalbumin and botulinum toxoid individually were 4 ng/mL (or 80 pg) and 16 ng/mL (or 320 pg), respectively, using the manual assay. In addition, we demonstrated the use of pairs of antibodies from different sources in a single assay to decrease the rate of false positives. Automation of the assay was demonstrated on a flow-through format with higher LODs of 125 ng/mL (or 2.5 ng) each of a mixture of ovalbumin and botulinum toxoid. This versatile assay can be easily modified with the appropriate antibodies to detect a wide range of toxins and other proteins.

  11. Inhibition of hepatitis B virus (HBV) by LNA-mediated nuclear interference with HBV DNA transcription

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Zhen; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Program in Molecular Cell Biology, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310058 ; Xiang, Wenqing; Guo, Yajuan; Chen, Zhi; Liu, Wei; Lu, Daru

    2011-06-10

    Highlights: {yields} LNA-modified oligonucleotides can pass through the plasma membrane of cultured cells even without using transfection machinery. {yields} LNA-modified oligonucleotides passed efficiently across the cell membrane, and lipid-coating facilitated translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus. {yields} LNA-oligonucleotide designed to target nuclear HBV DNA efficiently suppresses HBV replication and transcription in cultured hepatic cells. -- Abstract: Silencing target genes with small regulatory RNAs is widely used to investigate gene function and therapeutic drug development. Recently, triplex-based approaches have provided another attractive means to achieve targeted gene regulation and gene manipulation at the molecular and cellular levels. Nuclear entry of oligonucleotides and enhancement of their affinity to the DNA targets are key points of such approaches. In this study, we developed lipid-based transport of a locked-nucleic-acid (LNA)-modified oligonucleotide for hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA interference in human hepatocytes expressing HBV genomic DNA. In these cells, the LNA-modified oligonucleotides passed efficiently across the cell membrane, and lipid-coating facilitated translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus. The oligonucleotide specifically targeting HBV DNA clearly interfered with HBV DNA transcription as shown by a block in pregenomic RNA (pgRNA) production. The HBV DNA-targeted oligonucleotide suppressed HBV DNA replication and HBV protein production more efficiently than small interfering RNAs directed to the pgRNA. These results demonstrate that fusion with lipid can carry LNA-modified oligonucleotides to the nucleus where they regulate gene expression. Interfering with HBV DNA transcription by LNA-modified oligonucleotides has strong potential as a new strategy for HBV inhibition.

  12. Episodic mass loss from the hydrogen-deficient central star of the planetary nebula Longmore 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bond, Howard E.

    2014-09-01

    A spectacular transient mass-loss episode from the extremely hot, hydrogen-deficient central star of the planetary nebula (PN) Longmore 4 (Lo 4) was discovered in 1992 by Werner et al. During that event, the star temporarily changed from its normal PG 1159 spectrum to that of an emission-line low-luminosity early-type Wolf-Rayet [WCE] star. After a few days, Lo 4 reverted to its normal, predominantly absorption-line PG 1159 type. To determine whether such events recur, and if so how often, I monitored the optical spectrum of Lo 4 from early 2003 to early 2012. Out of 81 spectra taken at random dates, 4 of them revealed mass-loss outbursts similar to that seen in 1992. This indicates that the episodes recur approximately every 100 days (if the recurrence rate has been approximately constant and the duration of a typical episode is ?5 days), and that the star is in a high-mass-loss state about 5% of the time. Since the enhanced stellar wind is hydrogen-deficient, it arises from the photosphere and is unlikely to be related to phenomena such as a binary or planetary companion or infalling dust. I speculate on plausible mechanisms for these unique outbursts, including the possibility that they are related to the non-radial GW Vir-type pulsations exhibited by Lo 4. The central star of the PN NGC 246 has stellar parameters similar to those of Lo 4, and it is also a GW Vir-type pulsator with similar pulsation periods. I obtained 167 spectra of NGC 246 between 2003 and 2011, but no mass ejections were found.

  13. Disposable Electrochemical Immunosensor Diagnosis Device Based on Nanoparticle Probe and Immunochromatographic Strip

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Guodong; Lin, Ying-Ying; Wang, Jun; Wu, Hong; Wai, Chien M.; Lin, Yuehe

    2007-10-15

    We describe a disposable electrochemical immunosensor diagnosis device that is based on the immunochromatographic strip technique and an electrochemical immunoassay based on quantum dot (QD, CdS@ZnS) labels. The device takes advantage of the speed and low-cost of the conventional immunochromatographic strip test and the high-sensitivity of the nanoparticle-based electrochemical immunoassay. A sandwich immunoreaction was performed on the immunochromatographic strip, and the captured QD labels in the test zone were determined by highly sensitive stripping voltammetric measurement of the dissolved metallic component (cadmium) with a disposable-screen-printed electrode, which is embedded underneath the membrane on the test zone. The new device coupled with a portable electrochemical analyzer shows great promise for in-field and point-of-care quantitative testing of disease-related protein biomarkers. The parameters (e.g., voltammetric measurement of QD labels, antibody immobilization, the loading amount of QD-antibody, and the immunoreaction time) that govern the sensitivity and reproducibility of the device were optimized with IgG model analyte. The voltammetric response of the optimized device is highly linear over the range of 0.1 to 10 ng mL-1 IgG, and the limit of detection is estimated to be 30 pg mL-1 in association with a 7-min immunoreaction time. The detection limit was improved to 10 pg mL-1 using a 20-min immunoreaction time. The new disposable electrochemical diagnosis device thus provides a more user-friendly, rapid, clinically accurate, less expensive, and quantitative tool for protein detection.

  14. Vandenberg Air Force Base integrated resource assessment. Volume 2, Baseline detail

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halverson, M.A.; Richman, E.E.; Dagle, J.E.; Hickman, B.J.; Daellenbach, K.K.; Sullivan, G.P.

    1993-06-01

    The US Air Force Space Command has tasked the Pacific Northwest Laboratory, as the lead laboratory supporting the US Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program, to identify, evaluate, and assist in acquiring all cost-effective energy projects at Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB). This is a model program PNL is designing for federal customers served by the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG and E). The primary goal of the VAFB project is to identify all electric energy efficiency opportunities, and to negotiate with PG and E to acquire those resources through a customized demand-side management program for its federal clients. That customized program should have three major characteristics: (1) 100% up-front financing; (2) substantial utility cost-sharing; and (3) utility implementation through energy service companies under contract to the utility. A similar arrangement will be pursued with Southern California Gas for non-electric resource opportunities if that is deemed desirable by the site and if the gas utility seems open to such an approach. This report documents the assessment of baseline energy use at VAFB located near Lompoc, California. It is a companion report to Volume 1, Executive Summary, and Volume 3, Resource Assessment. This analysis examines the characteristics of electric, natural gas, fuel oil, and propane use for fiscal year 1991. It records energy-use intensities for the facilities at VAFB by building type and energy end use. It also breaks down building energy consumption by fuel type, energy end use, and building type. A more complete energy consumption reconciliation is presented that includes the accounting of all energy use among buildings, utilities, and applicable losses.

  15. Cogeneration and Small Power Production Quarterly Report to the California Public Utilities Commission First Quarter - March 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1983-03-01

    In the First Quarter of 1983, the number of signed contracts and committed projects rose from 204 to 224, with a total estimated nominal capacity of these projects of 1,246 MW. Of this nominal capacity, about 259 MW is operational, and the balance is under contract for development. Of the 224 signed contracts and committed projects, 70 were cogeneration and solid waste/biomass projects with a potential of 687 MW. PG and E also had under active discussion 30 cogeneration projects that could generate a total of 744 MW to 821 MW, and 12 solid waste/biomass projects with a potential of 118 MW to 126 MW. Two contracts have been signed with geothermal projects, capable of producing 83 MW. There are 6 solar projects with signed contracts and a potential of 36 MW, as well as another solar project under active discussion for 30 MW. Wind farm projects under contract number 17, with a generating capability of 330 MW. Also, discussions are being conducted with 9 wind farm projects, totaling 184 to 189 MW. There are 89 wind projects of 100 kW or less with signed contracts and a potential of almost 1 MW, as well as 9 other projects under active discussion. There are 38 hydroelectric projects with signed contracts and a potential of 103 MW, as well as 65 projects under active discussion for 183 MW. In addition, there are 29 hydroelectric projects, with a nominal capacity of 291 MW, that PG and E is constructing or planning to construct. Table A displays the above information. In tabular form, in Appendix A, are status reports of the projects as of March 31, 1983.

  16. Cogeneration and Small Power Production Quarterly Report to the California Public Utilities Commission Second Quarter 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1983-01-01

    In the Second Quarter of 1983, the number of signed contracts and committed projects rose from 223 to 240, with a total estimated nominal capacity of these projects of 1,449 MW. Of this nominal capacity, about 361 MW is operational, and the balance is under contract for development. A map indicating the location of currently operating facilities is provided as Figure A. Of the 240 signed contracts and committed projects, 75 were cogeneration, solid waste, or biomass projects with a potential of 740 MW. PG and E also had under active discussion 32 cogeneration projects that could generate a total of 858 MW to 921 MW, and 10 solid waste/biomass projects with a potential of 113 MW to 121 MW. Two contracts have been signed with geothermal projects, capable of producing 83 MW. There are 6 solar projects with signed contracts and a potential of 36 MW, as well as another solar project under active discussion for 30 MW. Wind farm projects under contract number 19, with a generating capability of 471 MW. Also, discussions are being conducted with 12 wind farm projects, totaling 273 to 278 MW. There are 89 wind projects of 100 kW or less with signed contracts and a potential of almost 1 MW, as well as 10 other projects under active discussion. There are 47 hydroelectric projects with signed contracts and a potential of 110 MW, as well as 65 projects under active discussion for 175 MW. In addition, there are 30 hydroelectric projects, with a nominal capacity of 291 MW, that PG and E is constructing or planning to construct. Table A displays the above information. In tabular form, in Appendix A, are status reports of the projects as of June 30, 1983.

  17. Water-related Issues Affecting Conventional Oil and Gas Recovery and Potential Oil-Shale Development in the Uinta Basin, Utah

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Vanden Berg; Paul Anderson; Janae Wallace; Craig Morgan; Stephanie Carney

    2012-04-30

    Saline water disposal is one of the most pressing issues with regard to increasing petroleum and natural gas production in the Uinta Basin of northeastern Utah. Conventional oil fields in the basin provide 69 percent of Utah?s total crude oil production and 71 percent of Utah?s total natural gas, the latter of which has increased 208% in the past 10 years. Along with hydrocarbons, wells in the Uinta Basin produce significant quantities of saline water ? nearly 4 million barrels of saline water per month in Uintah County and nearly 2 million barrels per month in Duchesne County. As hydrocarbon production increases, so does saline water production, creating an increased need for economic and environmentally responsible disposal plans. Current water disposal wells are near capacity, and permitting for new wells is being delayed because of a lack of technical data regarding potential disposal aquifers and questions concerning contamination of freshwater sources. Many companies are reluctantly resorting to evaporation ponds as a short-term solution, but these ponds have limited capacity, are prone to leakage, and pose potential risks to birds and other wildlife. Many Uinta Basin operators claim that oil and natural gas production cannot reach its full potential until a suitable, long-term saline water disposal solution is determined. The enclosed project was divided into three parts: 1) re-mapping the base of the moderately saline aquifer in the Uinta Basin, 2) creating a detailed geologic characterization of the Birds Nest aquifer, a potential reservoir for large-scale saline water disposal, and 3) collecting and analyzing water samples from the eastern Uinta Basin to establish baseline water quality. Part 1: Regulators currently stipulate that produced saline water must be disposed of into aquifers that already contain moderately saline water (water that averages at least 10,000 mg/L total dissolved solids). The UGS has re-mapped the moderately saline water boundary in the subsurface of the Uinta Basin using a combination of water chemistry data collected from various sources and by analyzing geophysical well logs. By re-mapping the base of the moderately saline aquifer using more robust data and more sophisticated computer-based mapping techniques, regulators now have the information needed to more expeditiously grant water disposal permits while still protecting freshwater resources. Part 2: Eastern Uinta Basin gas producers have identified the Birds Nest aquifer, located in the Parachute Creek Member of the Green River Formation, as the most promising reservoir suitable for large-volume saline water disposal. This aquifer formed from the dissolution of saline minerals that left behind large open cavities and fractured rock. This new and complete understanding the aquifer?s areal extent, thickness, water chemistry, and relationship to Utah?s vast oil shale resource will help operators and regulators determine safe saline water disposal practices, directly impacting the success of increased hydrocarbon production in the region, while protecting potential future oil shale production. Part 3: In order to establish a baseline of water quality on lands identified by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management as having oil shale development potential in the southeastern Uinta Basin, the UGS collected biannual water samples over a three-year period from near-surface aquifers and surface sites. The near-surface and relatively shallow groundwater quality information will help in the development of environmentally sound water-management solutions for a possible future oil shale and oil sands industry and help assess the sensitivity of the alluvial and near-surface bedrock aquifers. This multifaceted study will provide a better understanding of the aquifers in Utah?s Uinta Basin, giving regulators the tools needed to protect precious freshwater resources while still allowing for increased hydrocarbon production.

  18. Southwest Regional Partnership on Carbon Sequestration Phase II

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James Rutledge

    2011-02-01

    The Southwest Regional Partnership (SWP) on Carbon Sequestration designed and deployed a medium-scale field pilot test of geologic carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration in the Aneth oil field. Greater Aneth oil field, Utah's largest oil producer, was discovered in 1956 and has produced over 455 million barrels of oil (72 million m3). Located in the Paradox Basin of southeastern Utah, Greater Aneth is a stratigraphic trap producing from the Pennsylvanian Paradox Formation. Because it represents an archetype oil field of the western U.S., Greater Aneth was selected as one of three geologic pilots to demonstrate combined enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and CO2 sequestration under the auspices of the SWP on Carbon Sequestration, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy. The pilot demonstration focuced on the western portion of the Aneth Unit as this area of the field was converted from waterflood production to CO2 EOR starting in late 2007. The Aneth Unit is in the northwestern part of the field and has produced 149 million barrels (24 million m3) of the estimated 450 million barrels (71.5 million m3) of the original oil in place - a 33% recovery rate. The large amount of remaining oil makes the Aneth Unit ideal to demonstrate both CO2 storage capacity and EOR by CO2 flooding. This report summarizes the geologic characterization research, the various field monitoring tests, and the development of a geologic model and numerical simulations conducted for the Aneth demonstration project. The Utah Geological Survey (UGS), with contributions from other Partners, evaluated how the surface and subsurface geology of the Aneth Unit demonstration site will affect sequestration operations and engineering strategies. The UGS-research for the project are summarized in Chapters 1 through 7, and includes (1) mapping the surface geology including stratigraphy, faulting, fractures, and deformation bands, (2) describing the local Jurassic and Cretaceous stratigraphy, (3) mapping the Desert Creek zone reservoir, Gothic seal, and overlying aquifers, (4) characterizing the depositional environments and diagenetic events that produced significant reservoir heterogeneity, (5) describing the geochemical, petrographic, and geomechanical properties of the seal to determine the CO2 or hydrocarbon column it could support, and (6) evaluating the production history to compare primary production from vertical and horizontal wells, and the effects of waterflood and wateralternating- gas flood programs. The field monitoring demonstrations were conducted by various Partners including New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, University of Utah, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan, Los Alamos National Laboratory and Cambridge Geosciences. The monitoring tests are summarized in Chapters 8 through 12, and includes (1) interwell tracer studies during water- and CO2-flood operations to characterize tracer behavoirs in anticipation of CO2-sequestration applications, (2) CO2 soil flux monitoring to measure background levels and variance and assess the sensitivity levels for CO2 surface monitoring, (3) testing the continuous monitoring of self potential as a means to detect pressure anomalies and electrochemical reaction due to CO2 injection, (4) conducting time-lapse vertical seismic profiling to image change near a CO2 injection well, and (5) monitoring microseismicity using a downhole string of seismic receivers to detect fracture slip and deformation associated with stress changes. Finally, the geologic modeling and numerical simulation study was conducted by researcher at the University of Utah. Chapter 13 summarizes their efforts which focused on developing a site-specific geologic model for Aneth to better understand and design CO2 storage specifically tailored to oil reservoirs.

  19. Uranium from Seawater Program Review; Fuel Resources Uranium from Seawater Program DOE Office of Nuclear Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-07-01

    For nuclear energy to remain sustainable in the United States, economically viable sources of uranium beyond terrestrial ores must be developed. The goal of this program is to develop advanced adsorbents that can extract uranium from seawater at twice the capacity of the best adsorbent developed by researchers at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), 1.5 mg U/g adsorbent. A multidisciplinary team from Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and the University of Texas at Austin was assembled to address this challenging problem. Polymeric adsorbents, based on the radiation grafting of acrylonitrile and methacrylic acid onto high surface-area polyethylene fibers followed by conversion of the nitriles to amidoximes, have been developed. These poly(acrylamidoxime-co-methacrylic acid) fibers showed uranium adsorption capacities for the extraction of uranium from seawater that exceed 3 mg U/g adsorbent in testing at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Marine Sciences Laboratory. The essence of this novel technology lies in the unique high surface-area trunk material that considerably increases the grafting yield of functional groups without compromising its mechanical properties. This technology received an R&D100 Award in 2012. In addition, high surface area nanomaterial adsorbents are under development with the goal of increasing uranium adsorption capacity by taking advantage of the high surface areas and tunable porosity of carbon-based nanomaterials. Simultaneously, de novo structure-based computational design methods are being used to design more selective and stable ligands and the most promising candidates are being synthesized, tested and evaluated for incorporation onto a support matrix. Fundamental thermodynamic and kinetic studies are being carried out to improve the adsorption efficiency, the selectivity of uranium over other metals, and the stability of the adsorbents. Understanding the rate-limiting step of uranium uptake from seawater is also essential in designing an effective uranium recovery system. Finally, economic analyses have been used to guide these studies and highlight what parameters, such as capacity, recyclability, and stability, have the largest impact on the cost of extraction of uranium from seawater. Initially, the cost estimates by the JAEA for extraction of uranium from seawater with braided polymeric fibers functionalized with amidoxime ligands were evaluated and updated. The economic analyses were subsequently updated to reflect the results of this project while providing insight for cost reductions in the adsorbent development through “cradle-to-grave” case studies for the extraction process. This report highlights the progress made over the last three years on the design, synthesis, and testing of new materials to extract uranium for seawater. This report is organized into sections that highlight the major research activities in this project: (1) Chelate Design and Modeling, (2) Thermodynamics, Kinetics and Structure, (3) Advanced Polymeric Adsorbents by Radiation Induced Grafting, (4) Advanced Nanomaterial Adsorbents, (5) Adsorbent Screening and Modeling, (6) Marine Testing, and (7) Cost and Energy Assessment. At the end of each section, future research directions are briefly discussed to highlight the challenges that still remain to reduce the cost of extractions of uranium for seawater. Finally, contributions from the Nuclear Energy University Programs (NEUP), which complement this research program, are included at the end of this report.

  20. TECHNICAL EVALUATION OF THE INTERACTION OF GROUNDWATER WITH THE COLUMBIA RIVER AT THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY HANFORD SITE 100-D AREA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PETERSEN SW

    2008-11-05

    Groundwater beneath much of Hanford's 100 Areas is contaminated with hexavalent chromium (Cr{sup +6}) as a consequence of treating reactor cooling water to prevent corrosion. Several treatment systems are in place to remove Cr{sup +6} from the groundwater; however, these systems currently do not reduce Cr{sup +6} to concentrations below aquatic standards. Of concern is the transport of Cr{sup +6} to areas within the channel of the river, as sensitive species inhabit the river and its associated transition zone. The aquatic standard for Cr{sup +6} is currently 11 ug/l under the Record of Decision (ROD) for Interim Action and Department of Energy (DOE) currently plans to pursue remediation of the groundwater to achieve the 11 ug/l standard. Because the compliance wells used to monitor the current remediation systems are located some distance from the river, they may not provide an accurate indication of Cr{sup +6} concentrations in the water that reaches the riverbed. In addition, because salmon spawning areas are considered a high priority for protection from Hanford contaminants, it would be advantageous to understand (1) to what extent Cr{sup +6} discharged to the near-shore or river ecosystems is diluted or attenuated and (2) mechanisms that could mitigate the exposure of the river ecosystems to the discharging Cr{sup +6}. The current concentration target for Cr{sup +6} at near-river groundwater monitoring locations is 20 {micro}g/L; it is assumed that this groundwater mixes with river water that contains virtually no chromium to meet Washington Department of Ecology's (Ecology) water quality standard of 10 {micro}g/L in the river environment. This dynamic mixing process is believed to be driven by daily and seasonal changes in river stage and groundwater remediation system operations, and has been validated using analytical data from numerous groundwater samples obtained adjacent to and within the banks of the river. Although the mean mixing factor of river water and site groundwater in this zone has been estimated to be equal parts of groundwater and river water, a wide range of mixing ratios likely occurs at various times of the day and year. The degree of mixing and dilution appears to be greatly influenced by the river stage and other groundwater/surface water interaction. The extent of mixing, thus, has implications for the design and operation of the groundwater remediation systems. Improved understanding of this 'dilution' mechanism is needed to design an optimum 'systems approach' to accelerate remediation of the near-shore contaminant plumes. More information on the pathway from near-river mapped plumes to riverbed receptor locations is also needed to develop a defensible proposed plan for a future ROD for final remedial action of contaminated groundwater. In April 2008, an expert panel of scientists was convened to review existing information and provide observations and suggestions to improve the current understanding of groundwater surface water interactions in the 100 Areas (primarily focusing on 100-D Area), and to identify what additional analyses or approaches may provide critical information needed to design and implement remediation systems that will minimize impacts to river aquatic systems. Specific objectives provided to the panel included: (1) comment on approaches and methods to improve the current understanding of groundwater-surface water interactions, specifically how contaminated groundwater enters the riverbed and how this relates to remediation of chromate in the groundwater in the 100 Areas; (2) evaluate past and current data collection methods, data analysis techniques, assumptions, and groundwater transport and mixing mechanisms; (3) evaluate the current monitoring network (monitoring wells, aquifer tubes, and shoreline/river monitoring); (4) evaluate the role played by modeling; and (5) suggest additional research to fill data gaps and perform modeling.

  1. High-Dose Estrogen and Clinical Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators Induce Growth Arrest, p21, and p53 in Primate Ovarian Surface Epithelial Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, Jay W.; Stouffer, Richard L.; Rodland, Karin D.

    2005-06-09

    Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecological cancer affecting women. Hormone-based therapies are variably successful in treating ovarian cancer, but the reasoning behind these therapies is paradoxical. Clinical reagents such as tamoxifen are considered to inhibit or reverse tumor growth by competitive inhibition of the estrogen receptor (ER); however high dose estrogen is as clinically effective as tamoxifen, and it is unlikely that estrogen is acting by blocking ER activity; however, it may be activating a unique function of the ER that is nonmitogenic. For poorly defined reasons, 90% of varian cancers derive from the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE). In vivo the ER-positive OSE is exposed to high estrogen levels, reaching micromolar concentrations in dominant ovarian follicles. Using cultured OSE cells in vitro, we show that these levels of estradiol (1 ug/ml; {approx}3um) block the actions of serum growth factors, activate the G1 phase retinoblastoma AQ:A checkpoint, and induce p21, an inhibitor of kinases that normally inactivate the retinoblastoma checkpoint. We also show that estradiol increases p53 levels, which may contribute to p21 induction. Supporting the hypothesis that clinical selective ER modulators activate this novel ER function, we find that micromolar doses of tamoxifen and the ''pure antiestrogen'' ICI 182,780 elicit the same effects as estradiol. We propose that, in the context of proliferation, these data clarify some paradoxical aspects of hormone-based therapy and suggest that fuller understanding of normal ER function is necessary to improve therapeutic strategies that target the ER. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90: 0000-0000, 2005)

  2. US Department of Energy DOE Nevada Operations Office, Nevada Test Site: Underground safety and health standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-05-01

    The Nevada Test Site Underground Safety and Health Standards Working Group was formed at the direction of John D. Stewart, Director, Nevada Test Site Office in April, 1990. The objective of the Working Group was to compile a safety and health standard from the California Tunnel Safety Orders and OSHA for the underground operations at the NTS, (excluding Yucca Mountain). These standards are called the NTS U/G Safety and Health Standards. The Working Group submits these standards as a RECOMMENDATION to the Director, NTSO. Although the Working Group considers these standards to be the most integrated and comprehensive standards that could be developed for NTS Underground Operations, the intent is not to supersede or replace any relevant DOE orders. Rather the intent is to collate the multiple safety and health references contained in DOE Order 5480.4 that have applicability to NTS Underground Operations into a single safety and heath standard to be used in the underground operations at the NTS. Each portion of the standard was included only after careful consideration by the Working Group and is judged to be both effective and appropriate. The specific methods and rationale used by the Working Group are outlined as follows: The letter from DOE/HQ, dated September 28, 1990 cited OSHA and the CTSO as the safety and health codes applicable to underground operations at the NTS. These mandated codes were each originally developed to be comprehensive, i.e., all underground operations of a particular type (e.g., tunnels in the case of the CTSO) were intended to be adequately regulated by the appropriate code. However, this is not true; the Working Group found extensive and confusing overlap in the codes in numerous areas. Other subjects and activities were addressed by the various codes in cursory fashion or not at all.

  3. Radioactivity studies. Progress report. Volume I. [An improved model of uranium metabolism in the primate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, N.

    1981-09-01

    A model was developed to be used to calculate the accumulation of uranium in the organs of the human body for different kinds of exposure. The proposed model divides the human body into compartments: red cell, short-term bone, long-term bone, kidney, and urine. The transfer rate between compartments is governed by 1st order kinetics. Transfer from plasma to the other compartments is instantaneous. Feedback from compartments to plasma is taken into account. The division of blood into plasma and red cell compartment is important to the calculations of uranium transport during the first few days after exposure. It was noted that uranium in bone has two different half-lives depending on the site of deposition, a short-term and a long-term bone component. An analytical solution to the model was proposed for any time-dependent exposure to uranium. This methodology is unique to this model and represents a significant change in analytical solutions. Specific analytical solutions for common cases of uranium exposure were derived. These include: single injection dose to the blood; exposure to background levels of natural uranium by ingestion; exposure through inhalation during working hours for uranium workers; single inhalation dose; constant inhalation exposure during a finite interval of time; and single ingestion dose. For model verification five baboons were injected intravenously with uranium nitrate and the partition of uranium between plasma and red cells was studied. The half-life in short-term bone was derived and the distribution in soft tissues four days after injection was studied: the kidney was the main organ for uranium deposition. The concentration in human skeleton was equal to 0.02 ..mu..g U/g ash. For this concentration in skeleton the gastrointestinal absorption factor was calculated as 23% and the daily excretion as 0.24 ..mu..g U/day.

  4. War, peace, and international politics. Fourth edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ziegler, D.W. )

    1987-01-01

    We must conclude that war remains a major problem in the last quarter of the twentieth century. My intention in this book is to introduce you to international relations by focusing on this problem. War is not the only problem of international relations, and so this book does not exhaust the field. But war is a central problem, and the possibility of resort to war affects other aspects of international relations. Whatever else we may look at, we cannot avoid looking at war. In fact, in looking at war, we will touch on most of the other subjects important in international relations. War is conflict among states carried on by their armed forces. To distinguish war from border skirmishes and other minor incidents we usually say it must reach a certain magnitude (for example, at least 1,000 soldiers killed in battle over a year). It would be ideal if we could systematically study all the wars in the last hundred years, but such an exhaustive study would be out of place here. At the same time we cannot discuss such subjects as the cause of war or proposals for preventing it without some knowledge about actual wars. We must test theories against historical facts. What follows in Part I is a somewhat detailed history of seven wars (or groups of wars) fought in the last hundred years. These include the most destructive of the wars World War I (1914-1918), World War II (1939-1945), and the Korean War (1950-1953). By way of background to World War I, we will look at the wars of German unification (1864-1871), which preceded and in some ways prepared the way for it. To balance our account, we will also look at several recent wars India and Pakistan (1971), Uganda and Tanzania (1978-1979), and Cambodia, Vietnam, and China (1978-1980). After looking at some of the major wars of the last hundred years, we will look at what people have the about the causes of war in general.

  5. Comparative Iron Oxide Nanoparticle Cellular Dosimetry and Response in Mice by the Inhalation and Liquid Cell Culture Exposure Routes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teeguarden, Justin G.; Mikheev, Vladimir B.; Minard, Kevin R.; Forsythe, William C.; Wang, Wei; Sharma, Gaurav; Karin, Norman J.; Tilton, Susan C.; Waters, Katrina M.; Asgharian, Bahman; Price, Owen; Pounds, Joel G.; Thrall, Brian D.

    2014-01-01

    testing the rapidly growing number of nanomaterials requires large scale use of in vitro systems under the presumption that these systems are sufficiently predictive or descriptive of responses in in vivo systems for effective use in hazard ranking. We hypothesized that improved relationships between in vitro and in vivo models of experimental toxicology for nanomaterials would result from placing response data in vitro and in vivo on the same dose scale, the amount of material associated with cells (target cell dose). Methods: Balb/c mice were exposed nose-only to an aerosol of 12.8 nm (68.6 nm CMD, 19.9 mg/m3, 4 hours) super paramagnetic iron oxide particles, target cell doses were calculated and biomarkers of response anchored with histological evidence were identified by global transcriptomics. Representative murine epithelial and macrophage cell types were exposed in vitro to the same material in liquid suspension for four hours and levels nanoparticle regulated cytokine transcripts identified in vivo were quantified as a function of measured nanoparticle cellular dose. Results. Target tissue doses of 0.009-0.4 μg SPIO/cm2 lung led to an inflammatory response in the alveolar region characterized by interstitial inflammation and macrophage infiltration. In vitro, higher target tissue doses of ~1.2-4 μg SPIO/ cm2 of cells were required to induce transcriptional regulation of markers of inflammation, CXCL2 CCL3, in C10 lung epithelial cells. Estimated in vivo macrophage SPIO nanoparticle doses ranged from 1-100 pg/cell, and induction of inflammatory markers was observed in vitro in macrophages at doses of 8-35 pg/cell. Conclusions: Application of target tissue dosimetry revealed good correspondence between target cell doses triggering inflammatory processes in vitro and in vivo in the alveolar macrophage population, but not in the epithelial cells of the alveolar region. These findings demonstrate the potential for target tissue dosimetry to enable the more quantitative comparison of in vitro and in vivo systems advance their use for hazard assessment and extrapolation to humans. The mildly inflammogentic cellular doses experienced by mice were similar those calculated for humans exposed to the same at the existing permissible exposure limit of 10 mg/m3 iron oxide (as Fe).

  6. Observed 20th Century Desert Dust Variability: Impact on Climate and Biogeochemistry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahowald, Natalie; Kloster, Silvia; Engelstaedter, S.; Moore, Jefferson Keith; Mukhopadhyay, S.; McConnell, J. R.; Albani, S.; Doney, Scott C.; Bhattacharya, A.; Curran, M. A. J.; Flanner, Mark G.; Hoffman, Forrest M; Lawrence, David M.; Lindsay, Keith; Mayewski, P. A.; Neff, Jason; Rothenberg, D.; Thomas, E.; Thornton, Peter E; Zender, Charlie S.

    2010-01-01

    Desert dust perturbs climate by directly and indirectly interacting with incoming solar and outgoing long wave radiation, thereby changing precipitation and temperature, in addition to modifying ocean and land biogeochemistry. While we know that desert dust is sensitive to perturbations in climate and human land use, previous studies have been unable to determine whether humans were increasing or decreasing desert dust in the global average. Here we present observational estimates of desert dust based on paleodata proxies showing a doubling of desert dust during the 20th century over much, but not all the globe. Large uncertainties remain in estimates of desert dust variability over 20th century due to limited data. Using these observational estimates of desert dust change in combination with ocean, atmosphere and land models, we calculate the net radiative effect of these observed changes (top of atmosphere) over the 20th century to be -0.14 {+-} 0.11 W/m{sup 2} (1990-1999 vs. 1905-1914). The estimated radiative change due to dust is especially strong between the heavily loaded 1980-1989 and the less heavily loaded 1955-1964 time periods (-0.57 {+-} 0.46 W/m{sup 2}), which model simulations suggest may have reduced the rate of temperature increase between these time periods by 0.11 C. Model simulations also indicate strong regional shifts in precipitation and temperature from desert dust changes, causing 6 ppm (12 PgC) reduction in model carbon uptake by the terrestrial biosphere over the 20th century. Desert dust carries iron, an important micronutrient for ocean biogeochemistry that can modulate ocean carbon storage; here we show that dust deposition trends increase ocean productivity by an estimated 6% over the 20th century, drawing down an additional 4 ppm (8 PgC) of carbon dioxide into the oceans. Thus, perturbations to desert dust over the 20th century inferred from observations are potentially important for climate and biogeochemistry, and our understanding of these changes and their impacts should continue to be refined.

  7. Analytical platform evaluation for quantification of ERG in prostate cancer using protein and mRNA detection methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, Jintang; Schepmoes, Athena A.; Shi, Tujin; Wu, Chaochao; Fillmore, Thomas L.; Gao, Yuqian; Smith, Richard D.; Qian, Weijun; Rodland, Karin D.; Liu, Tao; Camp, David G.; Rastogi, Anshu; Tan, Shyh-Han; Yan, Wusheng; Mohamed, Ahmed A.; Huang, Wei; Banerjee, Sreedatta; Kagan, Jacob; Srivastava, Sudhir; McLeod, David; Srivastava, Shiv; Petrovics, Gyorgy; Dobi, Albert; Srinivasan, Alagarsamy

    2015-01-01

    Background: The established methods for detecting prostate cancer (CaP) are based on tests using PSA (blood), PCA3 (urine), and AMACR (tissue) as biomarkers in patient samples. The demonstration of ERG oncoprotein overexpression due to gene fusion in CaP has thus provided ERG as an additional biomarker. Based on this, we hypothesized that ERG protein quantification methods can be of use in the diagnosis of prostate cancer. Methods: Therefore, an antibody-free assay for ERG3 protein detection was developed based on PRISM (high-pressure high-resolution separations with intelligent selection and multiplexing)-SRM (selected reaction monitoring) mass spectrometry. We utilized TMPRSS2-ERG positive VCaP and TMPRSS2-ERG negative LNCaP cells to simulate three different sample types (cells, tissue, and post-DRE urine sediment). Results: Recombinant ERG3 protein spiked into LNCaP cell lysates could be detected at levels as low as 20 pg by PRISM-SRM analysis. The sensitivity of the PRISM-SRM assay was around approximately 10,000 VCaP cells in a mixed cell population model of VCaP and LNCaP cells. Interestingly, ERG protein could be detected in as few as 600 VCaP cells spiked into female urine. The sensitivity of the in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was similar to the PRISM-SRM assay, with detection of 30 pg of purified recombinant ERG3 protein and 10,000 VCaP cells. On the other hand, qRT-PCR exhibited a higher sensitivity, as TMPRSS2-ERG transcripts were detected in as few as 100 VCaP cells, in comparison to NanoString methodologies which detected ERG from 10,000 cells. Conclusions: Based on this data, we propose that the detection of both ERG transcriptional products with RNA-based assays, as well as protein products of ERG using PRISM-SRM assays, may be of clinical value in developing diagnostics and prognostics assays for prostate cancer given their sensitivity, specificity, and reproducibility.

  8. Technical Feasibility Assessment of LED Roadway Lighting on the Golden Gate Bridge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tuenge, Jason R.

    2012-09-01

    Subsequent to preliminary investigations by the Golden Gate Bridge Highway & Transportation District (GGB), in coordination with Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E), the GATEWAY Demonstration program was asked to evaluate the technical feasibility of replacing existing roadway lighting on the bridge with products utilizing LED technology. GGB and PG&E also indicated interest in induction (i.e., electrodeless fluorescent) technology, since both light source types feature rated lifetimes significantly exceeding those of the existing high-pressure sodium (HPS) and low-pressure sodium (LPS) products. The goal of the study was to identify any solutions which would reduce energy use and maintenance without compromising the quantity or quality of existing illumination. Products used for roadway lighting on the historic bridge must be installed within the existing amber-lensed shoebox-style luminaire housings. It was determined that induction technology does not appear to represent a viable alternative for the roadway luminaires in this application; any energy savings would be attributable to a reduction in light levels. Although no suitable LED retrofit kits were identified for installation within existing luminaire housings, several complete LED luminaires were found to offer energy savings of 6-18%, suggesting custom LED retrofit kits could be developed to match or exceed the performance of the existing shoeboxes. Luminaires utilizing ceramic metal halide (CMH) were also evaluated, and some were found to offer 28% energy savings, but these products might actually increase maintenance due to the shorter rated lamp life. Plasma technology was evaluated, as well, but no suitable products were identified. Analysis provided in this report was completed in May 2012. Although LED technologies are expected to become increasingly viable over time, and product mock-ups may reveal near-term solutions, some options not currently considered by GGB may ultimately merit evaluation. For example, it would be preferable in terms of performance to simply replace existing luminaires (some of which may already be nearing end of life) with fully-integrated LED or CMH luminaires rather than replacing internal components. Among other benefits, this would allow reputable manufacturers to offer standard warranties for their products. Similarly, the amber lenses might be reformulated such that they do not render white light sources in a greenish cast, thereby allowing the use of off-the-shelf LED or CMH products. Last, it should be noted that the existing amber-lensed shoeboxes bear no daytime resemblance to the LPS luminaires originally used to light the roadway.

  9. Analytical platform evaluation for quantification of ERG in prostate cancer using protein and mRNA detection methods

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    He, Jintang; Schepmoes, Athena A.; Shi, Tujin; Wu, Chaochao; Fillmore, Thomas L.; Gao, Yuqian; Smith, Richard D.; Qian, Weijun; Rodland, Karin D.; Liu, Tao; et al

    2015-01-01

    Background: The established methods for detecting prostate cancer (CaP) are based on tests using PSA (blood), PCA3 (urine), and AMACR (tissue) as biomarkers in patient samples. The demonstration of ERG oncoprotein overexpression due to gene fusion in CaP has thus provided ERG as an additional biomarker. Based on this, we hypothesized that ERG protein quantification methods can be of use in the diagnosis of prostate cancer. Methods: Therefore, an antibody-free assay for ERG3 protein detection was developed based on PRISM (high-pressure high-resolution separations with intelligent selection and multiplexing)-SRM (selected reaction monitoring) mass spectrometry. We utilized TMPRSS2-ERG positive VCaP and TMPRSS2-ERGmore » negative LNCaP cells to simulate three different sample types (cells, tissue, and post-DRE urine sediment). Results: Recombinant ERG3 protein spiked into LNCaP cell lysates could be detected at levels as low as 20 pg by PRISM-SRM analysis. The sensitivity of the PRISM-SRM assay was around approximately 10,000 VCaP cells in a mixed cell population model of VCaP and LNCaP cells. Interestingly, ERG protein could be detected in as few as 600 VCaP cells spiked into female urine. The sensitivity of the in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was similar to the PRISM-SRM assay, with detection of 30 pg of purified recombinant ERG3 protein and 10,000 VCaP cells. On the other hand, qRT-PCR exhibited a higher sensitivity, as TMPRSS2-ERG transcripts were detected in as few as 100 VCaP cells, in comparison to NanoString methodologies which detected ERG from 10,000 cells. Conclusions: Based on this data, we propose that the detection of both ERG transcriptional products with RNA-based assays, as well as protein products of ERG using PRISM-SRM assays, may be of clinical value in developing diagnostics and prognostics assays for prostate cancer given their sensitivity, specificity, and reproducibility.« less

  10. A multihazard, multistrategy approach to home remediation: Results of a pilot study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klitzman, Susan . E-mail: sklitzma@hunter.cuny.edu; Caravanos, Jack; Belanoff, Candice; Rothenberg, Laura

    2005-11-15

    Many residential hazards are disproportionately concentrated in older, urban dwellings and share common underlying causes, such as uncorrected moisture problems and inadequate maintenance and cleaning. Comprehensive and affordable approaches to remediation are needed, but the feasibility and efficacy of such approaches has not been well documented. To address this gap, a multihazard, multimethod intervention, addressing deteriorated lead-based paint and lead dust, vermin, mold, and safety hazards was pilot-tested in a sample of 70 pre-1940 dwellings. Dwellings received paint stabilization, dust lead cleaning, integrated pest management (IPM), mold cleaning, and safety devices, as needed. The median remediation cost for labor and materials was $864.66 (range: $120.00-5235.33) per dwelling. Environmental conditions were evaluated prior to, immediately following, and an average of 5 months after remediation. Between the baseline and 5-month follow-up periods, significant reductions were achieved in the number of dwellings with multiple (i.e., three or four) problems (75% vs. 23%, P<0.0001); high levels of dust lead on floors and window sills (67% and 46% declines, P<0.01); evidence of cockroaches or rodents (43% and 36% declines, P<0.01); and fire, electrical and/or fall hazards (between 67% and 88% declines, P<0.01). Significant reductions were also observed in the geometric mean (GM) dust lead levels on floors and window sills (13.3 vs. 5.0{mu}g/ft{sup 2} and 210.6 vs. 81.0{mu}g/ft{sup 2}, respectively, P<0.0001) and Blatella germanica (Blag1) levels among dwellings with elevated baseline levels (7.7 vs. 0.09U/g, P<0.0001). Reductions in mold dust levels were of borderline statistical significance (50% decline, P=0.07). The greatest declines in dust lead and Blag1 levels occurred in dwellings having the highest baseline levels and, for Blag1, in dwellings in which occupants attended training sessions. These results indicate that a comprehensive approach to hazard remediation can be highly effective and cost efficient and that overall improvements can be maintained. Further research is needed to clarify the most effective sampling strategies, educational and behavioral interventions, and optimal intervention frequency. y.

  11. Multi-century Changes to Global Climate and Carbon Cycle: Results from a Coupled Climate and Carbon Cycle Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bala, G; Caldeira, K; Mirin, A; Wickett, M; Delire, C

    2005-02-17

    In this paper, we use a coupled climate and carbon cycle model to investigate the global climate and carbon cycle changes out to year 2300 that would occur if CO{sub 2} emissions from all the currently estimated fossil fuel resources were released to the atmosphere. By year 2300, the global climate warms by about 8 K and atmospheric CO{sub 2} reaches 1423 ppmv. The warming is higher than anticipated because the sensitivity to radiative forcing increases as the simulation progresses. In our simulation, the rate of emissions peak at over 30 PgC yr{sup -1} early in the 22nd century. Even at year 2300, nearly 50% of cumulative emissions remain in the atmosphere. In our simulations both soils and living biomass are net carbon sinks throughout the simulation. Despite having relatively low climate sensitivity and strong carbon uptake by the land biosphere, our model projections suggest severe long-term consequences for global climate if all the fossil-fuel carbon is ultimately released to the atmosphere.

  12. THE APPLICATION OF SINGLE PARTICLE AEROSOL MASS SPECTROMETRY FOR THE DETECTION AND IDENTIFICATION OF HIGH EXPLOSIVES AND CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, A

    2006-10-23

    Single Particle Aerosol Mass Spectrometry (SPAMS) was evaluated as a real-time detection technique for single particles of high explosives. Dual-polarity time-of-flight mass spectra were obtained for samples of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazinane (RDX), and pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN); peaks indicative of each compound were identified. Composite explosives, Comp B, Semtex 1A, and Semtex 1H were also analyzed, and peaks due to the explosive components of each sample were present in each spectrum. Mass spectral variability with laser fluence is discussed. The ability of the SPAMS system to identify explosive components in a single complex explosive particle ({approx}1 pg) without the need for consumables is demonstrated. SPAMS was also applied to the detection of Chemical Warfare Agent (CWA) simulants in the liquid and vapor phases. Liquid simulants for sarin, cyclosarin, tabun, and VX were analyzed; peaks indicative of each simulant were identified. Vapor phase CWA simulants were adsorbed onto alumina, silica, Zeolite, activated carbon, and metal powders which were directly analyzed using SPAMS. The use of metal powders as adsorbent materials was especially useful in the analysis of triethyl phosphate (TEP), a VX stimulant, which was undetectable using SPAMS in the liquid phase. The capability of SPAMS to detect high explosives and CWA simulants using one set of operational conditions is established.

  13. Fabrication of nano structural biphasic materials from phosphogypsum waste and their in vitro applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohamed, Khaled R.; Mousa, Sahar M.; El Bassyouni, Gehan T.

    2014-02-01

    Graphical abstract: (a) Schema of the process, (b) TEM of nano particles of biphasic materials and (c) SEM of post-immersion. - Highlights: Ratio of HA and ?-TCP phases were controlled by thermal treatment. HA partially decomposed into ?-TCP with other bioactive phases. Calcined HA at 900 C is the best for the bioactivity behavior. - Abstract: In this study, a novel process of preparing biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) is proposed. Also its bioactivity for the utilization of the prepared BCP as a biomaterial is studied. A mixture of calcium hydroxyapatite (HAP) and tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP) could be obtained by thermal treatment of HAP which was previously prepared from phosphogypsum (PG) waste. The chemical and phase composition, morphology and particle size of prepared samples was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Infrared spectroscopy (IR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The bioactivity was investigated by soaking of the calcined samples in simulated body fluid (SBF). Results confirmed that the calcination temperatures played an important role in the formation of calcium phosphate (CP) materials. XRD results indicated that HAP was partially decomposed into ?-TCP. The in vitro data confirmed that the calcined HAP forming BCP besides other phases such as pyrophosphate and silica are bioactive materials. Therefore, BCP will be used as good biomaterials for medical applications.

  14. Community Environmental Response Facilitation Act (CERFA) report, Pontiac Storage Facility, Pontiac, Michigan. Volume 1. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, B.; Carter, G.

    1994-04-01

    This report presents the results of the Community Environmental Response Facilitation Act (CERFA) investigation conducted by The Earth Technology Corporation (TETC) at Pontiac Storage Facility installation, a U.S. Government property selected for closure by the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission under Public Laws 100-526 and 101-510. The Pontiac Storage Facility is a 31-acre site located in Oakland County, Michigan, approximately 25 miles northwest of downtown Detroit. The installation`s primary mission is to provide storage for the U.S. Army Tank Automotive Command (TACOM); it is the site of administrative and record keeping departments, as well as the storage place of machinery used to produce military equipment and ordnance. Activities associated with the property that have environmental significance are degreasing and painting. TETC reviewed existing investigation documents; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, State, and county regulatory records; environmental data bases; and title documents pertaining to Pontiac Storage Facility during this investigation. In addition, TETC conducted interviews and visual inspections of Pontiac Storage Facility as well as visual inspections of and data base searches for the surrounding properties. pg12. JMD.

  15. A Simultaneous Multi-phase Approach to Determine P-wave and S-wave Attenuation of the Crust and Upper Mantle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasyanos, M E; Walter, W R; Matzel, E M

    2009-02-26

    We have generalized the methodology of our regional amplitude tomography from the Lg phase to the four primary regional phases (Pn, Pg, Sn, Lg). Differences in the geometrical spreading, source term, site term, and travel paths are accounted for, while event source parameters such as seismic moment are consistent among phases. In the process, we have developed the first regional attenuation model that uses the amplitudes of four regional phases to determine a comprehensive P-wave and S-wave attenuation model of the crust and upper mantle. When applied to an area encompassing the Middle East, eastern Europe, western Asia, south Asia, and northeast Africa for the 1-2 Hz passband, we find large differences in the attenuation of the lithosphere across the region. The tectonic Tethys collision zone has high attenuation, while stable outlying regions have low attenuation. While crust and mantle Q variations are often consistent, we do find several notable areas where they differ considerably, but are appropriate given the region's tectonic history. Lastly, the relative values of Qp and Qs indicate that scattering Q is likely the dominant source of attenuation in the crust at these frequencies.

  16. Alternatives to the 15% Rule

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Broderick, Robert Joseph; Quiroz, Jimmy Edward; Reno, Matthew J.; Munoz-Ramos, Karina; Smith, Jeff; Rylander, Matthew; Rogers, Lindsey; Dugan, Roger; Mather, Barry; Coddington, Michael; Gotseff, Peter; Ding, Fei

    2015-11-01

    The third solicitation of the California Solar Initiative (CSI) Research, Development, Demonstration and Deployment (RD&D) Program established by the California Public Utility Commission (CPUC) is supporting the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) with collaboration from Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E), Southern California Edison (SCE), and San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E), in research to improve the Utility Application Review and Approval process for interconnecting distributed energy resources to the distribution system. Currently this process is the most time - consuming of any step on the path to generating power on the distribution system. This CSI RD&D solicitation three project has completed the tasks of collecting data from the three utilities, clustering feeder characteristic data to attain representative feeders, detailed modeling of 16 representative feeders, analysis of PV impacts to those feeders, refinement of current screening processes, and validation of those suggested refinements. In this report each task is summarized to produce a final summary of all components of the overall project.

  17. Integration& Operation of a Microgrid at Santa Rita Jail

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chevron Energy Solutions; Alameda County; DeForest, Nicholas; Lai, Judy; Stadler, Michael; Mendes, Goncalo; Marnay, Chris; Donadee, Jon

    2011-05-01

    Santa Rita Jail is a 4,500 inmate facility located in Dublin CA, approximately 40 miles (65 km) east of San Francisco. Over the past decade, a series of Distributed Energy Resources (DER) installations and efficiency measures have been undertaken to transform the 3MW facility into a"Green Jail". These include a 1.2MW rated rooftop PV system installed in 2002, a 1MW molten carbonate fuel cell with CHP, and retrofits to lighting and HVAC systems to reduce peak loads. With the upcoming installation of a large-scale battery and fast static disconnect switch, Santa Rita Jail will become a true microgrid, with full CERTS Microgrid functionality. Consequently, the jail will be able to seamlessly disconnect from the grid and operate as an island in the event of a disturbance, reconnecting again once the disturbance has dissipated. The extent to which that jail is capable of islanding is principally dependant on the energy capacity of the battery-one focus of this investigation. Also presented here are overviews of the DER currently installed at the jail, as well as the value it provides by offsetting the purchase of electricity under the current Pacific Gas& Electric (PG&E) tariff.

  18. A Calibration to Predict the Concentrations of Impurities in Plutonium Oxide by Prompt Gamma Analysis Revision 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narlesky, Joshua Edward; Kelly, Elizabeth J.

    2015-09-10

    This report documents the new PG calibration regression equation. These calibration equations incorporate new data that have become available since revision 1 of A Calibration to Predict the Concentrations of Impurities in Plutonium Oxide by Prompt Gamma Analysis was issued [3] The calibration equations are based on a weighted least squares (WLS) approach for the regression. The WLS method gives each data point its proper amount of influence over the parameter estimates. This gives two big advantages, more precise parameter estimates and better and more defensible estimates of uncertainties. The WLS approach makes sense both statistically and experimentally because the variances increase with concentration, and there are physical reasons that the higher measurements are less reliable and should be less influential. The new magnesium calibration includes a correction for sodium and separate calibration equation for items with and without chlorine. These additional calibration equations allow for better predictions and smaller uncertainties for sodium in materials with and without chlorine. Chlorine and sodium have separate equations for RICH materials. Again, these equations give better predictions and smaller uncertainties chlorine and sodium for RICH materials.

  19. Multi-Year Analysis of Renewable Energy Impacts in California: Results from the Renewable Portfolio Standards Integration Cost Analysis; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milligan, M.; Shiu, H.; Kirby, B.; Jackson, K.

    2006-08-01

    California's Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS, Senate Bill 1078) requires the state's investor-owned utilities to obtain 20% of their energy mix from renewable generation sources. To facilitate the imminent increase in the penetration of renewables, the California Energy Commission (CEC), in support of the California Public Utility Commission (CPUC), initiated a study of integration costs in the context of RPS implementation. This effort estimated the impact of renewable generation in the regulation and load-following time scales and calculated the capacity value of renewable energy sources using a reliability model. The analysis team, consisting of researchers from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the California Wind Energy Collaborative (CWEC), performed the study in cooperation with the California Independent System Operator (CaISO), the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E), and Southern California Edison (SCE). The study was conducted over three phases and was followed by an analysis of a multi-year period. This paper presents results from the multi-year analysis and the Phase III recommendations.

  20. Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haun, R.R.; Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C.

    1997-05-12

    Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

  1. Building America Best Practices Series Volume 11. Builders Challenge Guide to 40% Whole-House Energy Savings in the Marine Climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baechler, Michael C.; Gilbride, Theresa L.; Hefty, Marye G.; Cole, Pamala C.; Williamson, Jennifer L.; Love, Pat M.

    2010-09-01

    This best practices guide is the eleventh in a series of guides for builders produced by the U.S. Department of Energys Building America Program. This guide book is a resource to help builders design and construct homes that are among the most energy-efficient available, while addressing issues such as building durability, indoor air quality, and occupant health, safety, and comfort. With the measures described in this guide, builders in the marine climate (portions of Washington, Oregon, and California) can achieve homes that have whole house energy savings of 40% over the Building America benchmark (a home built to mid-1990s building practices roughly equivalent to the 1993 Model Energy Code) with no added overall costs for consumers. These best practices are based on the results of research and demonstration projects conducted by Building Americas research teams. The guide includes information for managers, designers, marketers, site supervisors, and subcontractors, as well as case studies of builders who are successfully building homes that cut energy use by 40% in the marine climate. This document is available on the web at www.buildingamerica.gov. This report was originally cleared 06-29-2010. This version is Rev 1 cleared in Nov 2010. The only change is the reference to the Energy Star Windows critieria shown on pg 8.25 was updated to match the criteria - Version 5.0, 04/07/2009, effective 01/04/2010.

  2. Centrifugal microfluidic platform for ultrasensitive detection of botulinum toxin

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Koh, Chung -Yan; Schaff, Ulrich Y.; Sandstone Diagnostics, Livermore, CA; Piccini, Matthew E.; Cepheid, Sunnyvale, CA; Stanker, Larry H.; Cheng, Luisa W.; Ravichandran, Easwaran; Singh, Bal -Ram; Sommer, Greg J.; et al

    2014-12-18

    In this study, we present an innovative centrifugal microfluidic immunoassay platform (SpinDx) to address the urgent biodefense and public health need for ultrasensitive point-of-care/incident detection of botulinum toxin. The simple, sample-to-answer centrifugal microfluidic immunoassay approach is based on binding of toxins to antibody-laden capture particles followed by sedimentation of the particles through a density-media in a microfluidic disk and quantification by laser-induced fluorescence. A blind, head-to-head comparison study of SpinDx versus the gold-standard mouse bioassay demonstrates 100-fold improvement in sensitivity (limit of detection = 0.09 pg/mL), while achieving total sample-to-answer time of <30 min with 2-μL required volume of themore » unprocessed sample. We further demonstrate quantification of botulinum toxin in both exogeneous (human blood and serum spiked with toxins) and endogeneous (serum from mice intoxicated via oral, intranasal, and intravenous routes) samples. SpinDx can analyze, without any sample preparation, multiple sample types including whole blood, serum, and food. It is readily expandable to additional analytes as the assay reagents (i.e., the capture beads and detection antibodies) are disconnected from the disk architecture and the reader, facilitating rapid development of new assays. SpinDx can also serve as a general-purpose immunoassay platform applicable to diagnosis of other conditions and diseases.« less

  3. Costs for off-site disposal of nonhazardous oil field wastes: Salt caverns versus other disposal methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veil, J.A.

    1997-09-01

    According to an American Petroleum Institute production waste survey reported on by P.G. Wakim in 1987 and 1988, the exploration and production segment of the US oil and gas industry generated more than 360 million barrels (bbl) of drilling wastes, more than 20 billion bbl of produced water, and nearly 12 million bbl of associated wastes in 1985. Current exploration and production activities are believed to be generating comparable quantities of these oil field wastes. Wakim estimates that 28% of drilling wastes, less than 2% of produced water, and 52% of associated wastes are disposed of in off-site commercial facilities. In recent years, interest in disposing of oil field wastes in solution-mined salt caverns has been growing. This report provides information on the availability of commercial disposal companies in oil-and gas-producing states, the treatment and disposal methods they employ, and the amounts they charge. It also compares cavern disposal costs with the costs of other forms of waste disposal.

  4. Regional Body-Wave Attenuation Using a Coda Source Normalization Method: Application to MEDNET Records of Earthquakes in Italy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walter, W R; Mayeda, K; Malagnini, L; Scognamiglio, L

    2007-02-01

    We develop a new methodology to determine apparent attenuation for the regional seismic phases Pn, Pg, Sn, and Lg using coda-derived source spectra. The local-to-regional coda methodology (Mayeda, 1993; Mayeda and Walter, 1996; Mayeda et al., 2003) is a very stable way to obtain source spectra from sparse networks using as few as one station, even if direct waves are clipped. We develop a two-step process to isolate the frequency-dependent Q. First, we correct the observed direct wave amplitudes for an assumed geometrical spreading. Next, an apparent Q, combining path and site attenuation, is determined from the difference between the spreading-corrected amplitude and the independently determined source spectra derived from the coda methodology. We apply the technique to 50 earthquakes with magnitudes greater than 4.0 in central Italy as recorded by MEDNET broadband stations around the Mediterranean at local-to-regional distances. This is an ideal test region due to its high attenuation, complex propagation, and availability of many moderate sized earthquakes. We find that a power law attenuation of the form Q(f) = Q{sub 0}f{sup Y} fit all the phases quite well over the 0.5 to 8 Hz band. At most stations, the measured apparent Q values are quite repeatable from event to event. Finding the attenuation function in this manner guarantees a close match between inferred source spectra from direct waves and coda techniques. This is important if coda and direct wave amplitudes are to produce consistent seismic results.

  5. The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed PV for Residential Customers in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darghouth, Naim; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2010-03-30

    Net metering has become a widespread policy in the U.S. for supporting distributed photovoltaics (PV) adoption. Though specific design details vary, net metering allows customers with PV to reduce their electric bills by offsetting their consumption with PV generation, independent of the timing of the generation relative to consumption - in effect, compensating the PV generation at retail electricity rates (Rose et al. 2009). While net metering has played an important role in jump-starting the residential PV market in the U.S., challenges to net metering policies have emerged in a number of states and contexts, and alternative compensation methods are under consideration. Moreover, one inherent feature of net metering is that the value of the utility bill savings it provides to customers with PV depends heavily on the structure of the underlying retail electricity rate, as well as on the characteristics of the customer and PV system. Consequently, the value of net metering - and the impact of moving to alternative compensation mechanisms - can vary substantially from one customer to the next. For these reasons, it is important for policymakers and others that seek to support the development of distributed PV to understand both how the bill savings varies under net metering, and how the bill savings under net metering compares to other possible compensation mechanisms. To advance this understanding, we analyze the bill savings from PV for residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) and Southern California Edison (SCE). The analysis is based on hourly load data from a sample of 215 residential customers located in the service territories of the two utilities, matched with simulated hourly PV production for the same time period based on data from the nearest of 73 weather stations in the state.

  6. Surface Cleaning Techniques: Ultra-Trace ICP-MS Sample Preparation and Assay of HDPE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Overman, Nicole R.; Hoppe, Eric W.; Addleman, Raymond S.

    2013-06-01

    The worlds most sensitive radiation detection and assay systems depend upon ultra-low background (ULB) materials to reduce unwanted radiological backgrounds. Herein, we evaluate methods to clean HDPE, a material of interest to ULB systems and the means to provide rapid assay of surface and bulk contamination. ULB level material and ultra-trace level detection of actinide elements is difficult to attain, due to the introduction of contamination from sample preparation equipment such as pipette tips, sample vials, forceps, etc. and airborne particulate. To date, literature available on the cleaning of such polymeric materials and equipment for ULB applications and ultra-trace analyses is limited. For these reasons, a study has been performed to identify an effective way to remove surface contamination from polymers in an effort to provide improved instrumental detection limits. Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy (ICP-MS) was utilized to assess the effectiveness of a variety of leachate solutions for removal of inorganic uranium and thorium surface contamination from polymers, specifically high density polyethylene (HDPE). HDPE leaching procedures were tested to optimize contaminant removal of thorium and uranium. Calibration curves for thorium and uranium ranged from 15 ppq (fg/mL) to 1 ppt (pg/mL). Detection limits were calculated at 6 ppq for uranium and 7 ppq for thorium. Results showed the most effective leaching reagent to be clean 6 M nitric acid for 72 hour exposures. Contamination levels for uranium and thorium found in the leachate solutions were significant for ultralow level radiation detection applications.

  7. BAL QSOs AND EXTREME UFOs: THE EDDINGTON CONNECTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zubovas, Kastytis; King, Andrew

    2013-05-20

    We suggest a common physical origin connecting the fast, highly ionized winds (UFOs) seen in nearby active galactic nuclei (AGNs), and the slower and less ionized winds of broad absorption line (BAL) QSOs. The primary difference is the mass-loss rate in the wind, which is ultimately determined by the rate at which mass is fed toward the central supermassive black hole (SMBH) on large scales. This is below the Eddington accretion rate in most UFOs, and slightly super-Eddington in extreme UFOs such as PG1211+143, but ranges up to {approx}10-50 times this in BAL QSOs. For UFOs this implies black hole accretion rates and wind mass-loss rates which are at most comparable to Eddington, giving fast, highly ionized winds. In contrast, BAL QSO black holes have mildly super-Eddington accretion rates, and drive winds whose mass-loss rates are significantly super-Eddington, and so are slower and less ionized. This picture correctly predicts the velocities and ionization states of the observed winds, including the recently discovered one in SDSS J1106+1939. We suggest that luminous AGNs may evolve through a sequence from BAL QSO through LoBAL to UFO-producing Seyfert or quasar as their Eddington factors drop during the decay of a bright accretion event. LoBALs correspond to a short-lived stage in which the AGN radiation pressure largely evacuates the ionization cone, but before the large-scale accretion rate has dropped to the Eddington value. We show that sub-Eddington wind rates would produce an M-{sigma} relation lying above that observed. We conclude that significant SMBH mass growth must occur in super-Eddington phases, either as BAL QSOs, extreme UFOs, or obscured from direct observation.

  8. Progress on Establishing Guidelines for National Ignition Facility (NIF) Experiments to Extend Debris Shield Lifetime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tobin, M; Eder, D; Braun, D; MacGowan, B

    2000-07-26

    The survivability and performance of the debris shields on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) are a key factor for the successful conduct and affordable operation of the facility. The improvements required over Nova debris shields are described. Estimates of debris shield lifetimes in the presence of target emissions with 4 - 5 J/cm{sup 2} laser fluences (and higher) indicate lifetimes that may contribute unacceptably to operations costs for NIF. We are developing detailed guidance for target and experiment designers for NIF to assist in minimizing the damage to, and therefore the cost of, maintaining NIF debris shields. The guidance limits the target mass that is allowed to become particulate on the debris shields (300 mg). It also limits the amount of material that can become shrapnel for any given shot (10 mg). Finally, it restricts the introduction of non-volatile residue (NVR) that is a threat to the sol-gel coatings on the debris shields to ensure that the chamber loading at any time is less than 1 pg/cm{sup 2}. We review the experimentation on the Nova chamber that included measuring quantities of particulate on debris shields by element and capturing shrapnel pieces in aerogel samples mounted in the chamber. We also describe computations of x-ray emissions from a likely NIF target and the associated ablation expected from this x-ray exposure on supporting target hardware. We describe progress in assessing the benefits of a pre-shield and the possible impact on the guidance for target experiments on NIF. Plans for possible experimentation on Omega and other facilities to improve our understanding of target emissions and their impacts are discussed. Our discussion of planned future work provides a forum to invite possible collaboration with the IFE community.

  9. Lessons learned in implementing a demand side management contract at the Presidio of San Francisco

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sartor, D.; Munn, M.

    1998-06-01

    The National Park Service (NSP) recently completed the implementation phase of its Power Saving Partners (PSP) Demand Side Management (DSM) contract with the local utility, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E). Through the DSM contract, NPS will receive approximately $4.1 million over eight years in payment for saving 61 kW of electrical demand, 179,000 km of electricity per year, and 1.1 million therms of natural gas per year. These payments are for two projects: the installation of high-efficiency lighting systems at the Thoreau Center for Sustainability and the replacement of an old central boiler plant with new, distributed boilers. Although these savings and payments are substantial, the electrical savings and contract payments fall well short of the projected 1,700 kW of electrical demand, 8 million kwh of annual electricity savings, and $11 million in payments, anticipated at the project's onset. Natural gas savings exceeded the initial forecast of 800,000 therms per year. The DSM contract payments did not meet expectations for a variety of reasons which fall into two broad categories: first, many anticipated projects were not constructed, and second, some of the projects that were constructed were not included in the program because the cost of implementing the DSM program's measurement and verification (M&V) requirements outweighed anticipated payments. This paper discusses the projects implemented, and examines the decisions made to withdraw some of them from the DSM contract. It also presents the savings that were realized and documented through M&V efforts. Finally, it makes suggestions relative to M&V protocols to encourage all efficiency measures, not just those that are easy to measure.

  10. Application specific Tester-On-a-Resident-Chip (TORCH{trademark}) - innovation in the area of semiconductor testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowles, M.; Peterson, T.; Savignon, D.; Campbell, D.

    1997-12-01

    Manufacturers widely recognize testing as a major factor in the cost, producability, and delivery of product in the $100 billion integrated circuit business: {open_quotes}The rapid development of VLSI using sub-micron CMOS technology has suddenly exposed traditional test techniques as a major cost factor that could restrict the development of VLSI devices exceeding 512 pins an operating frequencies above 200 MHz.{close_quotes} -- 1994 Semiconductor Industry Association Roadmap, Design and Test, Summary, pg. 43. This problem increases dramatically for stockpile electronics, where small production quantities make it difficult to amortize the cost of increasingly expensive testers. Application of multiple ICs in Multi-Chip Modules (MCM) greatly multiplies testing problems for commercial and defense users alike. By traditional test methods, each new design requires custom test hardware and software and often dedicated testing equipment costing millions of dollars. Also, physical properties of traditional test systems often dedicated testing equipment costing millions of dollars. Also, physical properties of traditional test systems limit capabilities in testing at-speed (>200 MHz), high-impedance, and high-accuracy analog signals. This project proposed a revolutionary approach to these problems: replace the multi-million dollar external test system with an inexpensive test system integrated onto the product wafer. Such a methodology enables testing functions otherwise unachievable by conventional means, particularly in the areas of high-frequency, at-speed testing, high impedance analog circuits, and known good die assessment. The techniques apply specifically to low volume applications, typical of Defense Programs, where testing costs represent an unusually high proportional of product costs, not easily amortized.

  11. Fundamental approach to TRIGA steady-state thermal-hydraulic CHF analysis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, E.; Nuclear Engineering Division

    2008-03-30

    Methods are investigated for predicting the power at which critical heat flux (CHF) occurs in TRIGA reactors that rely on natural convection for primary flow. For a representative TRIGA reactor, two sets of functions are created. For the first set, the General Atomics STAT code and the more widely-used RELAP5-3D code are each employed to obtain reactor flow rate as a function of power. For the second set, the Bernath correlation, the 2006 Groeneveld table, the Hall and Mudawar outlet correlation, and each of the four PG-CHF correlations for rod bundles are used to predict the power at which CHF occurs as a function of channel flow rate. The two sets of functions are combined to yield predictions of the power at which CHF occurs in the reactor. A combination of the RELAP5-3D code and the 2006 Groeneveld table predicts 67% more CHF power than does a combination of the STAT code and the Bernath correlation. Replacing the 2006 Groeneveld table with the Bernath CHF correlation (while using the RELAP5-3D code flow solution) causes the increase to be 23% instead of 67%. Additional RELAP5-3D flow-versus-power solutions obtained from Reference 1 and presented in Appendix B for four specific TRIGA reactors further demonstrates that the Bernath correlation predicts CHF to occur at considerably lower power levels than does the 2006 Groeneveld table. Because of the lack of measured CHF data in the region of interest to TRIGA reactors, none of the CHF correlations considered can be assumed to provide the definitive CHF power. It is recommended, however, to compare the power levels of the potential limiting rods with the power levels at which the Bernath and 2006 Groeneveld CHF correlations predict CHF to occur.

  12. QSO ABSORPTION SYSTEMS DETECTED IN Ne VIII: HIGH-METALLICITY CLOUDS WITH A LARGE EFFECTIVE CROSS SECTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meiring, J. D.; Tripp, T. M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States); Werk, J. K.; Prochaska, J. X. [University of California Observatories-Lick Observatory, UC Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)] [University of California Observatories-Lick Observatory, UC Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Howk, J. C. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, 225 Nieuwland Science Hall, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, 225 Nieuwland Science Hall, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Jenkins, E. B. [Princeton University Observatory, Peyton Hall, Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)] [Princeton University Observatory, Peyton Hall, Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Lehner, N.; Sembach, K. R. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)] [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)

    2013-04-10

    Using high-resolution, high signal-to-noise ultraviolet spectra of the z{sub em} = 0.9754 quasar PG1148+549 obtained with the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) on the Hubble Space Telescope, we study the physical conditions and abundances of Ne VIII+O VI absorption line systems at z{sub abs} = 0.68381, 0.70152, 0.72478. In addition to Ne VIII and O VI, absorption lines from multiple ionization stages of oxygen (O II, O III, O IV) are detected and are well aligned with the more highly ionized species. We show that these absorbers are multiphase systems including hot gas (T Almost-Equal-To 10{sup 5.7} K) that produces Ne VIII and O VI, and the gas metallicity of the cool phase ranges from Z = 0.3 Z{sub Sun} to supersolar. The cool ( Almost-Equal-To 10{sup 4} K) phases have densities n{sub H} Almost-Equal-To 10{sup -4} cm{sup -3} and small sizes (<4 kpc); these cool clouds are likely to expand and dissipate, and the Ne VIII may be within a transition layer between the cool gas and a surrounding, much hotter medium. The Ne VIII redshift density, dN/dz{approx}7{sup +7}{sub -3}, requires a large number of these clouds for every L > 0.1 L* galaxy and a large effective absorption cross section ({approx}> 100 kpc), and indeed, we find a star-forming {approx}L {sup *} galaxy at the redshift of the z{sub abs} = 0.72478 system, at an impact parameter of 217 kpc. Multiphase absorbers like these Ne VIII systems are likely to be an important reservoir of baryons and metals in the circumgalactic media of galaxies.

  13. HST/COS OBSERVATIONS OF GALACTIC HIGH-VELOCITY CLOUDS: FOUR ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEUS SIGHT LINES THROUGH COMPLEX C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shull, J. Michael; Stevans, Matthew; Danforth, Charles; Penton, Steven V. [CASA, Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, 389-UCB, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Lockman, Felix J. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Green Bank, WV 29444 (United States); Arav, Nahum, E-mail: michael.shull@colorado.edu, E-mail: matthew.stevans@colorado.edu, E-mail: charles.danforth@colorado.edu, E-mail: steven.penton@colorado.edu, E-mail: jlockman@nrao.edu, E-mail: arav@vt.edu [Department of Physics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061 (United States)

    2011-10-01

    We report ultraviolet spectra of Galactic high-velocity clouds (HVCs) in Complex C, taken by the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), together with new 21 cm spectra from the Green Bank Telescope. The wide spectral coverage and higher signal-to-noise ratio, compared to previous HST spectra, provide better velocity definition of the HVC absorption, additional ionization species (including high ions), and improved abundances in this halo gas. Complex C has a metallicity of 10%-30% solar and a wide range of ions, suggesting dynamical and thermal interactions with hot gas in the Galactic halo. Spectra in the COS medium-resolution G130M (1133-1468 A) and G160M (1383-1796 A) gratings detect ultraviolet absorption lines from eight elements in low-ionization states (O I, N I, C II, S II, Si II, Al II, Fe II, P II) and three elements in intermediate- and high-ionization states (Si III, Si IV, C IV, N V). Our four active galactic nucleus sight lines toward Mrk 817, Mrk 290, Mrk 876, and PG 1259+593 have high-velocity H I and O VI column densities, log N{sub Hi}= 19.39-20.05 and log N{sub Ovi}= 13.58-14.10, with substantial amounts of kinematically associated photoionized gas. The high-ion abundance ratios are consistent with cooling interfaces between photoionized and collisionally ionized gas: N(C IV)/N(O VI) {approx} 0.3-0.5, N(Si IV)/N(O VI) {approx} 0.05-0.11, N(N V)/N(O VI) {approx} 0.07-0.13, and N(Si IV)/N(Si III) {approx}0.2.

  14. Accounting for radiative forcing from albedo change in future global land-use scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, Andrew D.; Calvin, Katherine V.; Collins, William D.; Edmonds, James A.

    2015-08-01

    We demonstrate the effectiveness of a new method for quantifying radiative forcing from land use and land cover change (LULCC) within an integrated assessment model, the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM). The method relies on geographically differentiated estimates of radiative forcing from albedo change associated with major land cover transitions derived from the Community Earth System Model. We find that conversion of 1 km of woody vegetation (forest and shrublands) to non-woody vegetation (crops and grassland) yields between 0 and 0.71 nW/m of globally averaged radiative forcing determined by the vegetation characteristics, snow dynamics, and atmospheric radiation environment characteristic within each of 151 regions we consider globally. Across a set of scenarios designed to span a range of potential future LULCC, we find LULCC forcing ranging from 0.06 to 0.29 W/m by 2070 depending on assumptions regarding future crop yield growth and whether climate policy favors afforestation or bioenergy crops. Inclusion of this previously uncounted forcing in the policy targets driving future climate mitigation efforts leads to changes in fossil fuel emissions on the order of 1.5 PgC/yr by 2070 for a climate forcing limit of 4.5 Wm2, corresponding to a 1267 % change in fossil fuel emissions depending on the scenario. Scenarios with significant afforestation must compensate for albedo-induced warming through additional emissions reductions, and scenarios with significant deforestation need not mitigate as aggressively due to albedo-induced cooling. In all scenarios considered, inclusion of albedo forcing in policy targets increases forest and shrub cover globally.

  15. From land use to land cover: Restoring the afforestation signal in a coupled integrated assessment - earth system model and the implications for CMIP5 RCP simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Di Vittorio, Alan; Chini, Louise M.; Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin; Mao, Jiafu; Shi, Xiaoying; Truesdale, John E.; Craig, Anthony P.; Calvin, Katherine V.; Jones, Andrew D.; Collins, William D.; Edmonds, James A.; Hurtt, George; Thornton, Peter E.; Thomson, Allison M.

    2014-11-27

    Climate projections depend on scenarios of fossil fuel emissions and land use change, and the IPCC AR5 parallel process assumes consistent climate scenarios across Integrated Assessment and Earth System Models (IAMs and ESMs). To facilitate consistency, CMIP5 used a novel land use harmonization to provide ESMs with seamless, 1500-2100 land use trajectories generated by historical data and four IAMs. However, we have identified and partially addressed a major gap in the CMIP5 land coupling design. The CMIP5 Community ESM (CESM) global afforestation is only 22% of RCP4.5 afforestation from 2005 to 2100. Likewise, only 17% of the Global Change Assessment Models (GCAMs) 2040 RCP4.5 afforestation signal, and none of the pasture loss, were transmitted to CESM within a newly integrated model. This is a critical problem because afforestation is necessary for achieving the RCP4.5 climate stabilization. We attempted to rectify this problem by modifying only the ESM component of the integrated model, enabling CESM to simulate 66% of GCAMs afforestation in 2040, and 94% of GCAMs pasture loss as grassland and shrubland losses. This additional afforestation increases vegetation carbon gain by 19 PgC and decreases atmospheric CO2 gain by 8 ppmv from 2005 to 2040, implying different climate scenarios between CMIP5 GCAM and CESM. Similar inconsistencies likely exist in other CMIP5 model results, primarily because land cover information is not shared between models, with possible contributions from afforestation exceeding model-specific, potentially viable forest area. Further work to harmonize land cover among models will be required to adequately rectify this problem.

  16. Investigation of chlorinated aromatic compounds in the environment: Methods development and data interpretation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ding, Wanghsien.

    1989-01-01

    Detection of low levels of chlorinated benzene compounds (CLBZ) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in soil samples has been investigated with respect to potential sources in an industrial area of western New York state. The extract obtained by steam distillation was used directly with minimal additional cleanup steps for high resolution gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (HRGC/MS) and high resolution gas chromatography with electron capture detection (HRGC/ECD) analysis. The Nielson-Kryger steam distillation technique was used to extract CLBZ compounds and PCB congeners from soil samples. The recoveries of the CLBZ compounds in soil samples were monitored by comparison of the response for the {sup 13}C-labelled analogues in each isomeric group. The mean recoveries from field samples ranged from 63% to 76%. The recoveries of PCB congeners were measured using four air-dried subsurface soils which were spiked with Aroclors standard mixture. The mean recoveries of most PCB congeners ranged from 80% to 99%. Using HRGC/MS in the selected ion monitoring mode (SIM), a detection limit below 10 pg/g (10 pptr, parts per trillion) of the CLBZ compounds was achieved. For GC/ECD, an Apiezon L-coated glass capillary column was used to determine PCB congeners at background levels. More than 69 PCB congeners were separated on this column. The detection limit for an individual congener was about 0.01 ng/g. Application of SIMCA (SImple Modeling by Chemical Analogy) pattern recognition and multiple discriminant analysis showed that the pattern of CLBZ compounds in soil samples collected near Love Canal was similar to the patterns from the other areas in the Niagara Falls area. The highest concentrations of CLBZ compounds were detected in the area which is near and downwind from an industrial center with many potential sources of airborne emissions.

  17. Result of recent weatherization retrofit projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dickinson, J.B.; Lipschutz, R.D.; O'Regan, B.; Wagner, B.S.

    1982-07-01

    Pacific Gas and Electric (PG and E) and the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) have conducted studies in their respective service areas in order to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of certain conservation retrofits. Twenty houses in Walnut Creek, California, underwent an infiltration reduction program, similar to house doctoring. Ten of these houses also received additional contractor-installed measures. BPA retrofitted 18 houses at its Midway substation in central Washington. Retrofits made to the houses included: attic and crawlspace insulation, foundation sill caulking, storm windows and doors, increased attic ventilation, and infiltration reduction. Energy consumption and weather data were monitored before and after each set of retrofits in both projects. Leakage measurements were made by researchers from the Energy Efficient Buildings Program using blower door fan pressurization, thereby allowing calculation of heating season infiltration rates. An energy use model correlating energy consumption with outside temperature was developed in order to determine improvements to the thermal conductance of the building envelope as a result of the retrofits. Energy savings were calculated based on the results of the energy use model. As a check on these findings, the Computerized Instrumented Residential Audit (CIRA) load calculation program developed at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory provided a theoretical estimate of the savings resulting from the retrofits. At Midway, storm windows and doors were found to save the most energy. Because the Midway houses were not very leaky at the beginning of the experiment, the infiltration reduction procedures were less effective than expected. In the Walnut Creek project, the infiltration reduction procedures did decrease the leakiness of the test houses, but the effect upon energy savings was not great.

  18. Variable C : N : P stoichiometry of dissolved organic matter cycling in the Community Earth System Model

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Letscher, R. T.; Moore, J. K.; Teng, Y. -C.; Primeau, F.

    2015-01-12

    Dissolved organic matter (DOM) plays an important role in the ocean's biological carbon pump by providing an advective/mixing pathway for ~ 20% of export production. DOM is known to have a stoichiometry depleted in nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) compared to the particulate organic matter pool, a fact that is often omitted from biogeochemical ocean general circulation models. However the variable C : N : P stoichiometry of DOM becomes important when quantifying carbon export from the upper ocean and linking the nutrient cycles of N and P with that of carbon. Here we utilize recent advances in DOM observationalmore » data coverage and offline tracer-modeling techniques to objectively constrain the variable production and remineralization rates of the DOM C : N : P pools in a simple biogeochemical-ocean model of DOM cycling. The optimized DOM cycling parameters are then incorporated within the Biogeochemical Elemental Cycling (BEC) component of the Community Earth System Model (CESM) and validated against the compilation of marine DOM observations. The optimized BEC simulation including variable DOM C : N : P cycling was found to better reproduce the observed DOM spatial gradients than simulations that used the canonical Redfield ratio. Global annual average export of dissolved organic C, N, and P below 100 m was found to be 2.28 Pg C yr-1 (143 Tmol C yr-1, 16.4 Tmol N yr-1, and 1 Tmol P yr-1, respectively, with an average export C : N : P stoichiometry of 225 : 19 : 1 for the semilabile (degradable) DOM pool. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) export contributed ~ 25% of the combined organic C export to depths greater than 100 m.« less

  19. Variable C : N : P stoichiometry of dissolved organic matter cycling in the Community Earth System Model

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Letscher, R. T.; Moore, J. K.; Teng, Y. -C.; Primeau, F.

    2014-06-16

    Dissolved organic matter (DOM) plays an important role in the ocean's biological carbon pump by providing an advective/mixing pathway for ~ 20% of export production. DOM is known to have a stoichiometry depleted in nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) compared to the particulate organic matter pool, a~fact that is often omitted from biogeochemical-ocean general circulation models. However the variable C : N : P stoichiometry of DOM becomes important when quantifying carbon export from the upper ocean and linking the nutrient cycles of N and P with that of carbon. Here we utilize recent advances in DOM observational data coveragemore » and offline tracer-modeling techniques to objectively constrain the variable production and remineralization rates of the DOM C / N / P pools in a simple biogeochemical-ocean model of DOM cycling. The optimized DOM cycling parameters are then incorporated within the Biogeochemical Elemental Cycling (BEC) component of the Community Earth System Model and validated against the compilation of marine DOM observations. The optimized BEC simulation including variable DOM C : N : P cycling was found to better reproduce the observed DOM spatial gradients than simulations that used the canonical Redfield ratio. Global annual average export of dissolved organic C, N, and P below 100 m was found to be 2.28 Pg C yr-1 (143 Tmol C yr-1), 16.4 Tmol N yr-1, and 1 Tmol P yr-1, respectively with an average export C : N : P stoichiometry of 225 : 19 : 1 for the semilabile (degradable) DOM pool. DOC export contributed ~ 25% of the combined organic C export to depths greater than 100 m.« less

  20. SOURCE PHENOMENOLOGY EXPERIMENTS IN ARIZONA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jessie L. Bonner; Brian Stump; Mark Leidig; Heather Hooper; Xiaoning Yang; Rongmao Zhou; Tae Sung Kim; William R. Walter; Aaron Velasco; Chris Hayward; Diane Baker; C. L. Edwards; Steven Harder; Travis Glenn; Cleat Zeiler; James Britton; James F. Lewkowicz

    2005-09-30

    The Arizona Source Phenomenology Experiments (SPE) have resulted in an important dataset for the nuclear monitoring community. The 19 dedicated single-fired explosions and multiple delay-fired mining explosions were recorded by one of the most densely instrumented accelerometer and seismometer arrays ever fielded, and the data have already proven useful in quantifying confinement and excitation effects for the sources. It is very interesting to note that we have observed differences in the phenomenology of these two series of explosions resulting from the differences between the relatively slow (limestone) and fast (granodiorite) media. We observed differences at the two SPE sites in the way the rock failed during the explosions, how the S-waves were generated, and the amplitude behavior as a function of confinement. Our consortium's goal is to use the synergy of the multiple datasets collected during this experiment to unravel the phenomenological differences between the two emplacement media. The data suggest that the main difference between single-fired chemical and delay-fired mining explosion seismograms at regional distances is the increased surface wave energy for the latter source type. The effect of the delay-firing is to decrease the high-frequency P-wave amplitudes while increasing the surface wave energy because of the longer source duration and spall components. The results suggest that the single-fired explosions are surrogates for nuclear explosions in higher frequency bands (e.g., 6-8 Hz Pg/Lg discriminants). We have shown that the SPE shots, together with the mining explosions, are efficient sources of S-wave energy, and our next research stage is to postulate the possible sources contributing to the shear-wave energy.

  1. Modeling the impact of agricultural land use and management on US carbon budgets

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Drewniak, B. A.; Mishra, U.; Song, J.; Prell, J.; Kotamarthi, V. R.

    2014-09-22

    Cultivation of the terrestrial land surface can create either a source or sink of atmospheric CO2, depending on land management practices. The Community Land Model (CLM) provides a useful tool to explore how land use and management impact the soil carbon pool at regional to global scales. CLM was recently updated to include representation of managed lands growing maize, soybean, and spring wheat. In this study, CLM-Crop is used to investigate the impacts of various management practices, including fertilizer use and differential rates of crop residue removal, on the soil organic carbon (SOC) storage of croplands in the continental Unitedmore » States over approximately a 170 year period. Results indicate that total US SOC stocks have already lost over 8 Pg C (10%) due to land cultivation practices (e.g., fertilizer application, cultivar choice, and residue removal), compared to a land surface composed of native vegetation (i.e., grasslands). After long periods of cultivation, individual plots growing maize and soybean lost up to 65% of the carbon stored, compared to a grassland site. Crop residue management showed the greatest effect on soil carbon storage, with low and medium residue returns resulting in additional losses of 5% and 3.5%, respectively, in US carbon storage, while plots with high residue returns stored 2% more carbon. Nitrogenous fertilizer can alter the amount of soil carbon stocks significantly. Under current levels of crop residue return, not applying fertilizer resulted in a 5% loss of soil carbon. Our simulations indicate that disturbance through cultivation will always result in a loss of soil carbon, and management practices will have a large influence on the magnitude of SOC loss.« less

  2. Modeling the impact of agricultural land use and management on US carbon budgets

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Drewniak, B. A.; Mishra, U.; Song, J.; Prell, J.; Kotamarthi, V. R.

    2015-04-09

    Cultivation of the terrestrial land surface can create either a source or sink of atmospheric CO2, depending on land management practices. The Community Land Model (CLM) provides a useful tool for exploring how land use and management impact the soil carbon pool at regional to global scales. CLM was recently updated to include representation of managed lands growing maize, soybean, and spring wheat. In this study, CLM-Crop is used to investigate the impacts of various management practices, including fertilizer use and differential rates of crop residue removal, on the soil organic carbon (SOC) storage of croplands in the continental Unitedmore » States over approximately a 170-year period. Results indicate that total US SOC stocks have already lost over 8 Pg C (10%) due to land cultivation practices (e.g., fertilizer application, cultivar choice, and residue removal), compared to a land surface composed of native vegetation (i.e., grasslands). After long periods of cultivation, individual subgrids (the equivalent of a field plot) growing maize and soybean lost up to 65% of the carbon stored compared to a grassland site. Crop residue management showed the greatest effect on soil carbon storage, with low and medium residue returns resulting in additional losses of 5 and 3.5%, respectively, in US carbon storage, while plots with high residue returns stored 2% more carbon. Nitrogenous fertilizer can alter the amount of soil carbon stocks significantly. Under current levels of crop residue return, not applying fertilizer resulted in a 5% loss of soil carbon. Our simulations indicate that disturbance through cultivation will always result in a loss of soil carbon, and management practices will have a large influence on the magnitude of SOC loss.« less

  3. The Milky Way Tomography with SDSS. 2. Stellar Metallicity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ivezic, Zeljko; Sesar, Branimir; Juric, Mario; Bond, Nicholas; Dalcanton, Julianne; Rockosi, Constance M.; Yanny, Brian; Newberg, Heidi J.; Beers, Timothy C.; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Wilhelm, Ron; /Texas Tech. /Michigan State U.

    2008-04-01

    In addition to optical photometry of unprecedented quality, the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) is producing a massive spectroscopic database which already contains over 280,000 stellar spectra. Using effective temperature and metallicity derived from SDSS spectra for {approx}60,000 F and G type main sequence stars (0.2 < g-r < 0.6), we develop polynomial models, reminiscent of traditional methods based on the UBV photometry, for estimating these parameters from the SDSS u-g and g-r colors. These estimators reproduce SDSS spectroscopic parameters with a root-mean-square scatter of 100 K for effective temperature, and 0.2 dex for metallicity (limited by photometric errors), which are similar to random and systematic uncertainties in spectroscopic determinations. We apply this method to a photometric catalog of coadded SDSS observations and study the photometric metallicity distribution of {approx}200,000 F and G type stars observed in 300 deg{sup 2} of high Galactic latitude sky. These deeper (g < 20.5) and photometrically precise ({approx}0.01 mag) coadded data enable an accurate measurement of the unbiased metallicity distribution for a complete volume-limited sample of stars at distances between 500 pc and 8 kpc. The metallicity distribution can be exquisitely modeled using two components with a spatially varying number ratio, that correspond to disk and halo. The best-fit number ratio of the two components is consistent with that implied by the decomposition of stellar counts profiles into exponential disk and power-law halo components by Juric et al. (2008). The two components also possess the kinematics expected for disk and halo stars. The metallicity of the halo component can be modeled as a spatially invariant Gaussian distribution with a mean of [Fe/H] = -1.46 and a standard deviation of {approx}0.3 dex. The disk metallicity distribution is non-Gaussian, with a remarkably small scatter (rms {approx}0.16 dex) and the median smoothly decreasing with distance from the plane from -0.6 at 500 pc to -0.8 beyond several kpc. Similarly, we find using proper motion measurements that a non-Gaussian rotational velocity distribution of disk stars shifts by {approx}50 km/s as the distance from the plane increases from 500 pc to several kpc. Despite this similarity, the metallicity and rotational velocity distributions of disk stars are not correlated (Kendall's {tau} = 0.017 {+-} 0.018). This absence of a correlation between metallicity and kinematics for disk stars is in a conflict with the traditional decomposition in terms of thin and thick disks, which predicts a strong correlation ({tau} = ?0.30 {+-} 0.04) at {approx}1 kpc from the mid-plane. Instead, the variation of the metallicity and rotational velocity distributions can be modeled using non-Gaussian functions that retain their shapes and only shift as the distance from the mid-plane increases. We also study the metallicity distribution using a shallower (g < 19.5) but much larger sample of close to three million stars in 8500 sq. deg. of sky included in SDSS Data Release 6. The large sky coverage enables the detection of coherent substructures in the kinematics-metallicity space, such as the Monoceros stream, which rotates faster than the LSR, and has a median metallicity of [Fe/H] = ?0.95, with an rms scatter of only {approx}0.15 dex. We extrapolate our results to the performance expected from the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) and estimate that the LSST will obtain metallicity measurements accurate to 0.2 dex or better, with proper motion measurements accurate to {approx}0.2-0.5 mas/yr, for about 200 million F/G dwarf stars within a distance limit of {approx}100 kpc (g < 23.5).

  4. A Continuous Measure of Gross Primary Production for the Conterminous U.S. Derived from MODIS and AmeriFlux Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xia, Jingfeng; Zhuang, Qianlai; Law, Beverly E.; Chen, Jiquan; Baldocchi, Dennis D.; Cook, David R.; Oren, Ram; Richardson, Andrew D.; Wharton, Sonia; Ma, Siyan; Martin, Timothy A.; Verma, Shashi B.; Suyker, Andrew E.; Scott, Russell L.; Monson, Russell K.; Litvak, Marcy; Hollinger, David Y.; Sun, Ge; Davis, Kenneth J.; Bolstad, Paul V.; Burns, Sean P.; Curtis, Peter S.; Drake, Bert G.; Falk, Matthias; Fischer, Marc L.; Foster, David R.; Gu, Lianhong; Hadley, Julian L.; Katul, Gabriel G.; Matamala, Roser; McNulty, Steve; Meyers, Tilden P.; Munger, J. William; Noormets, Asko; Oechel, Walter C.; U, Kyaw Tha Paw; Schmid, Hans Peter; Starr, Gregory; Torn, Margaret S.; Wofsy, Steven C.

    2009-01-28

    The quantification of carbon fluxes between the terrestrial biosphere and the atmosphere is of scientific importance and also relevant to climate-policy making. Eddy covariance flux towers provide continuous measurements of ecosystem-level exchange of carbon dioxide spanning diurnal, synoptic, seasonal, and interannual time scales. However, these measurements only represent the fluxes at the scale of the tower footprint. Here we used remotely-sensed data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) to upscale gross primary productivity (GPP) data from eddy covariance flux towers to the continental scale. We first combined GPP and MODIS data for 42 AmeriFlux towers encompassing a wide range of ecosystem and climate types to develop a predictive GPP model using a regression tree approach. The predictive model was trained using observed GPP over the period 2000-2004, and was validated using observed GPP over the period 2005-2006 and leave-one-out cross-validation. Our model predicted GPP fairly well at the site level. We then used the model to estimate GPP for each 1 km x 1 km cell across the U.S. for each 8-day interval over the period from February 2000 to December 2006 using MODIS data. Our GPP estimates provide a spatially and temporally continuous measure of gross primary production for the U.S. that is a highly constrained by eddy covariance flux data. Our study demonstrated that our empirical approach is effective for upscaling eddy flux GPP data to the continental scale and producing continuous GPP estimates across multiple biomes. With these estimates, we then examined the patterns, magnitude, and interannual variability of GPP. We estimated a gross carbon uptake between 6.91 and 7.33 Pg C yr{sup -1} for the conterminous U.S. Drought, fires, and hurricanes reduced annual GPP at regional scales and could have a significant impact on the U.S. net ecosystem carbon exchange. The sources of the interannual variability of U.S. GPP were dominated by these extreme climate events and disturbances.

  5. Commercial Building Energy Baseline Modeling Software: Performance Metrics and Method Testing with Open Source Models and Implications for Proprietary Software Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, Phillip N.; Granderson, Jessica; Sohn, Michael; Addy, Nathan; Jump, David

    2013-09-01

    The overarching goal of this work is to advance the capabilities of technology evaluators in evaluating the building-level baseline modeling capabilities of Energy Management and Information System (EMIS) software. Through their customer engagement platforms and products, EMIS software products have the potential to produce whole-building energy savings through multiple strategies: building system operation improvements, equipment efficiency upgrades and replacements, and inducement of behavioral change among the occupants and operations personnel. Some offerings may also automate the quantification of whole-building energy savings, relative to a baseline period, using empirical models that relate energy consumption to key influencing parameters, such as ambient weather conditions and building operation schedule. These automated baseline models can be used to streamline the whole-building measurement and verification (M&V) process, and therefore are of critical importance in the context of multi-measure whole-building focused utility efficiency programs. This report documents the findings of a study that was conducted to begin answering critical questions regarding quantification of savings at the whole-building level, and the use of automated and commercial software tools. To evaluate the modeling capabilities of EMIS software particular to the use case of whole-building savings estimation, four research questions were addressed: 1. What is a general methodology that can be used to evaluate baseline model performance, both in terms of a) overall robustness, and b) relative to other models? 2. How can that general methodology be applied to evaluate proprietary models that are embedded in commercial EMIS tools? How might one handle practical issues associated with data security, intellectual property, appropriate testing blinds, and large data sets? 3. How can buildings be pre-screened to identify those that are the most model-predictable, and therefore those whose savings can be calculated with least error? 4. What is the state of public domain models, that is, how well do they perform, and what are the associated implications for whole-building measurement and verification (M&V)? Additional project objectives that were addressed as part of this study include: (1) clarification of the use cases and conditions for baseline modeling performance metrics, benchmarks and evaluation criteria, (2) providing guidance for determining customer suitability for baseline modeling, (3) describing the portfolio level effects of baseline model estimation errors, (4) informing PG&Es development of EMIS technology product specifications, and (5) providing the analytical foundation for future studies about baseline modeling and saving effects of EMIS technologies. A final objective of this project was to demonstrate the application of the methodology, performance metrics, and test protocols with participating EMIS product vendors.

  6. TORUS AND ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEUS PROPERTIES OF NEARBY SEYFERT GALAXIES: RESULTS FROM FITTING INFRARED SPECTRAL ENERGY DISTRIBUTIONS AND SPECTROSCOPY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alonso-Herrero, Almudena; Ramos Almeida, Cristina; Mason, Rachel; Asensio Ramos, Andres; Rodriguez Espinosa, Jose Miguel; Perez-Garcia, Ana M.; Roche, Patrick F.; Levenson, Nancy A.; Elitzur, Moshe; Packham, Christopher; Young, Stuart; Diaz-Santos, Tanio

    2011-08-01

    We used the CLUMPY torus models and a Bayesian approach to fit the infrared spectral energy distributions and ground-based high angular resolution mid-infrared spectroscopy of 13 nearby Seyfert galaxies. This allowed us to put tight constraints on torus model parameters such as the viewing angle i, the radial thickness of the torus Y, the angular size of the cloud distribution {sigma}{sub torus}, and the average number of clouds along radial equatorial rays N{sub 0}. We found that the viewing angle i is not the only parameter controlling the classification of a galaxy into type 1 or type 2. In principle, type 2s could be viewed at any viewing angle i as long as there is one cloud along the line of sight. A more relevant quantity for clumpy media is the probability for an active galactic nucleus (AGN) photon to escape unabsorbed. In our sample, type 1s have relatively high escape probabilities, P{sub esc} {approx} 12%-44%, while type 2s, as expected, tend to have very low escape probabilities. Our fits also confirmed that the tori of Seyfert galaxies are compact with torus model radii in the range 1-6 pc. The scaling of the models to the data also provided the AGN bolometric luminosities L{sub bol}(AGN), which were found to be in good agreement with estimates from the literature. When we combined our sample of Seyfert galaxies with a sample of PG quasars from the literature to span a range of L{sub bol}(AGN) {approx} 10{sup 43}-10{sup 47} erg s{sup -1}, we found plausible evidence of the receding torus. That is, there is a tendency for the torus geometrical covering factor to be lower (f{sub 2} {approx} 0.1-0.3) at high AGN luminosities than at low AGN luminosities (f{sub 2} {approx} 0.9-1 at {approx}10{sup 43}-10{sup 44} erg s{sup -1}). This is because at low AGN luminosities the tori appear to have wider angular sizes (larger {sigma}{sub torus}) and more clouds along radial equatorial rays. We cannot, however, rule out the possibility that this is due to contamination by extended dust structures not associated with the dusty torus at low AGN luminosities, since most of these in our sample are hosted in highly inclined galaxies.

  7. Energy efficient data centers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tschudi, William; Xu, Tengfang; Sartor, Dale; Koomey, Jon; Nordman, Bruce; Sezgen, Osman

    2004-03-30

    Data Center facilities, prevalent in many industries and institutions are essential to California's economy. Energy intensive data centers are crucial to California's industries, and many other institutions (such as universities) in the state, and they play an important role in the constantly evolving communications industry. To better understand the impact of the energy requirements and energy efficiency improvement potential in these facilities, the California Energy Commission's PIER Industrial Program initiated this project with two primary focus areas: First, to characterize current data center electricity use; and secondly, to develop a research ''roadmap'' defining and prioritizing possible future public interest research and deployment efforts that would improve energy efficiency. Although there are many opinions concerning the energy intensity of data centers and the aggregate effect on California's electrical power systems, there is very little publicly available information. Through this project, actual energy consumption at its end use was measured in a number of data centers. This benchmark data was documented in case study reports, along with site-specific energy efficiency recommendations. Additionally, other data center energy benchmarks were obtained through synergistic projects, prior PG&E studies, and industry contacts. In total, energy benchmarks for sixteen data centers were obtained. For this project, a broad definition of ''data center'' was adopted which included internet hosting, corporate, institutional, governmental, educational and other miscellaneous data centers. Typically these facilities require specialized infrastructure to provide high quality power and cooling for IT equipment. All of these data center types were considered in the development of an estimate of the total power consumption in California. Finally, a research ''roadmap'' was developed through extensive participation with data center professionals, examination of case study findings, and participation in data center industry meetings and workshops. Industry partners enthusiastically provided valuable insight into current practice, and helped to identify areas where additional public interest research could lead to significant efficiency improvement. This helped to define and prioritize the research agenda. The interaction involved industry representatives with expertise in all aspects of data center facilities, including specialized facility infrastructure systems and computing equipment. In addition to the input obtained through industry workshops, LBNL's participation in a three-day, comprehensive design ''charrette'' hosted by the Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI) yielded a number of innovative ideas for future research.

  8. Scapolite as a potential sensor of fluid composition in calc-silicates and granulites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moecher, D.P.; Essene, E.J.

    1985-01-01

    Scapolite has been proposed as reservoir for CO/sub 2/ in the lower crust (Goldsmith 1976) and as a sensor of fluid composition in scapolite-bearing calc-silicates and granulites. The scapolite decarbonation reaction 2Meionite(Me)+Quartz(Qz)=5Anorthite(An)+Grossular(Gr)+2CO/sub 2/, obtained by addition of the reaction 3An+Cc=Me and An+2Cc+Qz=Gr+2CO/sub 2/, is a potential equilibrium applicable to a variety of lithologies and grades by which CO/sub 2/ activities could theoretically be calculated. Assuming partial ordering in natural scapolite, and S/sub 298//sup 0/ (Me)=728.6J/mol x K, the scapolite decarbonation reaction has a virtually flat slope in the range 700-1000/sup 0/C and 2.2+/-0.1kb with 2Me+Qz on the high P side of the reaction. Values of logK for the reaction were determined at elevated P, and aCO/sub 2/ calculated for scapolite-bearing calc-silicate assemblages (Sc+Pg+Gt+Q+Di+/-Cc) from Perry Sound (PS), Ontario and the Furua Complex (FC), Tanzania (Coolen 1980), for which X(Gr)approx. =0.8, X(An)approx. =0.6-0.8, and X(Me)greater than or equal to0.7. The a-X relations used were Perkins (1979) for garnet, Newton and Perkins (1982) for plagioclase, and Oterdoom and Gunter (1983) for scapolite. However application of the scapolite decarbonation reaction to garnet-bearing granulites with X(Gr)less than or equal to0.20 yields erroneous estimates of aCO/sub 2/(greater than or equal to1.0) suggesting incorrect assumptions used to determine S/sub 298//sup 0/ for stably ordered meionite or the a-X relations of Oterdoom and Gunter. Further refinement of the thermodynamic data base and evaluation of the degree and effect of order-disorder in natural scapolites must be performed in order to use scapolite to calculate fluid composition in high grade metamorphites.

  9. Developing regionalized models of lithospheric thickness and velocity structure across Eurasia and the Middle East from jointly inverting P-wave and S-wave receiver functions with Rayleigh wave group and phase velocities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Julia, J; Nyblade, A; Hansen, S; Rodgers, A; Matzel, E

    2009-07-06

    In this project, we are developing models of lithospheric structure for a wide variety of tectonic regions throughout Eurasia and the Middle East by regionalizing 1D velocity models obtained by jointly inverting P-wave and S-wave receiver functions with Rayleigh wave group and phase velocities. We expect the regionalized velocity models will improve our ability to predict travel-times for local and regional phases, such as Pg, Pn, Sn and Lg, as well as travel-times for body-waves at upper mantle triplication distances in both seismic and aseismic regions of Eurasia and the Middle East. We anticipate the models will help inform and strengthen ongoing and future efforts within the NNSA labs to develop 3D velocity models for Eurasia and the Middle East, and will assist in obtaining model-based predictions where no empirical data are available and for improving locations from sparse networks using kriging. The codes needed to conduct the joint inversion of P-wave receiver functions (PRFs), S-wave receiver functions (SRFs), and dispersion velocities have already been assembled as part of ongoing research on lithospheric structure in Africa. The methodology has been tested with synthetic 'data' and case studies have been investigated with data collected at an open broadband stations in South Africa. PRFs constrain the size and S-P travel-time of seismic discontinuities in the crust and uppermost mantle, SRFs constrain the size and P-S travel-time of the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary, and dispersion velocities constrain average S-wave velocity within frequency-dependent depth-ranges. Preliminary results show that the combination yields integrated 1D velocity models local to the recording station, where the discontinuities constrained by the receiver functions are superimposed to a background velocity model constrained by the dispersion velocities. In our first year of this project we will (i) generate 1D velocity models for open broadband seismic stations in the western half of the study area (Eurasia and the Middle East) and (ii) identify well located seismic events with event-station paths isolated to individual tectonic provinces within the study area and collect broadband waveforms and source parameters for the selected events. The 1D models obtained from the joint inversion will then be combined with published geologic terrain maps to produce regionalized models for distinctive tectonic areas within the study area, and the models will be validated through full waveform modeling of well-located seismic events recorded at local and regional distances.

  10. Preliminary Thermal Modeling of HI-STORM 100 Storage Modules at Diablo Canyon Power Plant ISFSI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cuta, Judith M.; Adkins, Harold E.

    2014-04-17

    Thermal analysis is being undertaken at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in support of inspections of selected storage modules at various locations around the United States, as part of the Used Fuel Disposition Campaign of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE) Fuel Cycle Research and Development. This report documents pre-inspection predictions of temperatures for two modules at the Diablo Canyon Power Plant ISFSI identified as candidates for inspection. These are HI-STORM 100 modules of a site-specific design for storing PWR 17x17 fuel in MPC-32 canisters. The temperature predictions reported in this document were obtained with detailed COBRA-SFS models of these storage systems, with the following boundary conditions and assumptions. storage module overpack configuration based on FSAR documentation of HI-STORM100S-218, Version B; due to unavailability of site-specific design data for Diablo Canyon ISFSI modules Individual assembly and total decay heat loadings for each canister, based on at-loading values provided by PG&E, aged to time of inspection using ORIGEN modeling o Special Note: there is an inherent conservatism of unquantified magnitude informally estimated as up to approximately 20% -- in the utility-supplied values for at-loading assembly decay heat values Axial decay heat distributions based on a bounding generic profile for PWR fuel. Axial location of beginning of fuel assumed same as WE 17x17 OFA fuel, due to unavailability of specific data for WE17x17 STD and WE 17x17 Vantage 5 fuel designs Ambient conditions of still air at 50F (10C) assumed for base-case evaluations o Wind conditions at the Diablo Canyon site are unquantified, due to unavailability of site meteorological data o additional still-air evaluations performed at 70F (21C), 60F (16C), and 40F (4C), to cover a range of possible conditions at the time of the inspection. (Calculations were also performed at 80F (27C), for comparison with design basis assumptions.) All calculations are for steady-state conditions, on the assumption that the surfaces of the module that are accessible for temperature measurements during the inspection will tend to follow ambient temperature changes relatively closely. Comparisons to the results of the inspections, and post-inspection evaluations of temperature measurements obtained in the specific modules, will be documented in a separate follow-on report, to be issued in a timely manner after the inspection has been performed.

  11. FIELD TEST PROGRAM TO DEVELOP COMPREHENSIVE DESIGN, OPERATING, AND COST DATA FOR MERCURY CONTROL SYSTEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael D. Durham

    2003-05-01

    With the Nation's coal-burning utilities facing the possibility of tighter controls on mercury pollutants, the U.S. Department of Energy is funding projects that could offer power plant operators better ways to reduce these emissions at much lower costs. Mercury is known to have toxic effects on the nervous system of humans and wildlife. Although it exists only in trace amounts in coal, mercury is released when coal burns and can accumulate on land and in water. In water, bacteria transform the metal into methylmercury, the most hazardous form of the metal. Methylmercury can collect in fish and marine mammals in concentrations hundreds of thousands times higher than the levels in surrounding waters. One of the goals of DOE is to develop technologies by 2005 that will be capable of cutting mercury emissions 50 to 70 percent at well under one-half of today's costs. ADA Environmental Solutions (ADA-ES) is managing a project to test mercury control technologies at full scale at four different power plants from 2000--2003. The ADA-ES project is focused on those power plants that are not equipped with wet flue gas desulfurization systems. ADA-ES has developed a portable system that will be tested at four different utility power plants. Each of the plants is equipped with either electrostatic precipitators or fabric filters to remove solid particles from the plant's flue gas. ADA-ES's technology will inject a dry sorbent, such as activated carbon, which removes the mercury and makes it more susceptible to capture by the particulate control devices. A fine water mist may be sprayed into the flue gas to cool its temperature to the range where the dry sorbent is most effective. PG&E National Energy Group is providing two test sites that fire bituminous coals and both are equipped with electrostatic precipitators and carbon/ash separation systems. Wisconsin Electric Power Company is providing a third test site that burns Powder River Basin (PRB) coal and has an electrostatic precipitator for particulate control. Alabama Power Company will host a fourth test at its Plant Gaston, which is equipped with a hot-side electrostatic precipitator and a downstream fabric filter.

  12. Emerging energy-efficient industrial technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, N.; Worrell, E.; Ruth, M.; Price, L.; Elliott, R.N.; Shipley, A.M.; Thorne, J.

    2000-10-01

    U.S. industry consumes approximately 37 percent of the nation's energy to produce 24 percent of the nation's GDP. Increasingly, industry is confronted with the challenge of moving toward a cleaner, more sustainable path of production and consumption, while increasing global competitiveness. Technology will be essential for meeting these challenges. At some point, businesses are faced with investment in new capital stock. At this decision point, new and emerging technologies compete for capital investment alongside more established or mature technologies. Understanding the dynamics of the decision-making process is important to perceive what drives technology change and the overall effect on industrial energy use. The assessment of emerging energy-efficient industrial technologies can be useful for: (1) identifying R&D projects; (2) identifying potential technologies for market transformation activities; (3) providing common information on technologies to a broad audience of policy-makers; and (4) offering new insights into technology development and energy efficiency potentials. With the support of PG&E Co., NYSERDA, DOE, EPA, NEEA, and the Iowa Energy Center, staff from LBNL and ACEEE produced this assessment of emerging energy-efficient industrial technologies. The goal was to collect information on a broad array of potentially significant emerging energy-efficient industrial technologies and carefully characterize a sub-group of approximately 50 key technologies. Our use of the term ''emerging'' denotes technologies that are both pre-commercial but near commercialization, and technologies that have already entered the market but have less than 5 percent of current market share. We also have chosen technologies that are energy-efficient (i.e., use less energy than existing technologies and practices to produce the same product), and may have additional ''non-energy benefits.'' These benefits are as important (if not more important in many cases) in influencing the decision on whether to adopt an emerging technology. The technologies were characterized with respect to energy efficiency, economics, and environmental performance. The results demonstrate that the United States is not running out of technologies to improve energy efficiency and economic and environmental performance, and will not run out in the future. We show that many of the technologies have important non-energy benefits, ranging from reduced environmental impact to improved productivity and worker safety, and reduced capital costs.

  13. Supplemental feasibility study for remedial action for the Groundwater Operable Unit at the Chemical Plant Area of the Weldon Spring Site, Weldon Spring, Missouri

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-08-06

    Site data evaluated indicate that after source removal, dilution and dispersion appear to be the primary processes that would further attenuate groundwater contaminant concentrations. On the basis of these attenuation processes, the calculations presented in Chapter 2 indicate that it would take several years to decades (approximately 60 to 150 and 14 years, respectively, for Zones 1 and 2) for TCE concentrations in Zones 1 and 2 to attenuate to the MCL (or ARAR) of 5 pg/L. The estimates for Zones 1 through 3, where the higher nitrate concentrations are clustered, indicate that it would likely take at least 80 years for nitrate concentrations to attenuate to the MCL (or ARAR) of 10 mg/L. Costs for implementing NINA for groundwater at the chemical plant area are primarily associated with those incurred for monitoring contaminant concentrations and the replacement costs for monitoring wells. Cost estimates are relatively high because a rather lengthy period of monitoring would be involved. Calculations performed to evaluate the feasibility of groundwater removal and subsequent treatment of the extracted water included determinations for the number of extraction wells needed, required number of pore volumes, and the number of years of implementation required to attain bench marks. The calculations were performed per zone of contamination, as discussed in Chapter 1. Several observations can be made about the results presented in Chapter 3 regarding Alternative 4. The first is that by looking at the results for Zones 1 and 2 evaluated under Alternative 4, one can also assess the feasibility of Alternative 7, because Alternative 7 addresses this particular subset of Alternative 4 (i.e., Zones 1 and 2). TCE contamination has been observed in Zones 1 and 2, but has not been reported in any of the remaining five zones. Nitrate, nitroaromatic compounds, and uranium have also been reported in Zones 1 and 2. The present-worth costs for implementing the pump and treat alternative in Zones 1 and 2 constitute the major component of the overall present-worth cost for Alternative 4, which indicates that the cost for Alternative 7 would be similarly high. Another observation is that although estimated times are shorter for the pump and treat approach than those for MNA, pump and treat for Zones 1 and 2 likely would take several decades (at least 30 years) to attain ARARs or bench marks. The cost estimates (in present-worth costs) for Alternatives 4 and 7 are much higher (approximately an order of magnitude higher) than those for Alternative 3.

  14. Aberrant, ectopic expression of VEGF and VEGF receptors 1 and 2 in malignant colonic epithelial cells. Implications for these cells growth via an autocrine mechanism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahluwalia, Amrita [Veterans Affairs Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, CA (United States)] [Veterans Affairs Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, CA (United States); Jones, Michael K. [Veterans Affairs Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, CA (United States) [Veterans Affairs Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, CA (United States); Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, CA (United States); Szabo, Sandor [Veterans Affairs Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, CA (United States) [Veterans Affairs Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, CA (United States); Department of Pathology, University of California, Irvine, CA (United States); Tarnawski, Andrzej S., E-mail: amrita.ahluwalia@va.gov [Veterans Affairs Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, CA (United States); Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, CA (United States)

    2013-08-09

    Highlights: Malignant colonic epithelial cells express VEGF and its receptors. Cultured colon cancer cells secrete VEGF into the medium. Inhibition of VEGF receptor significantly decreases colon cancer cell proliferation. VEGF is critical for colon cancer cell growth. -- Abstract: Vascular endothelial growth factor A (referred to as VEGF) is implicated in colon cancer growth. Currently, the main accepted mechanism by which VEGF promotes colon cancer growth is via the stimulation of angiogenesis, which was originally postulated by late Judah Folkman. However, the cellular source of VEGF in colon cancer tissue; and, the expression of VEGF and its receptors VEGF-R1 and VEGF-R2 in colon cancer cells are not fully known and are subjects of controversy. Material and methods: We examined and quantified expression of VEGF, VEGF-R1 and VEGF-R2 in three different human colonic tissue arrays containing sections of adenocarcinoma (n = 43) and normal mucosa (n = 41). In human colon cancer cell lines HCT116 and HT29 and normal colon cell lines NCM356 and NCM460, we examined expression of VEGF, VEGF-R1 and VEGF-R2 mRNA and protein, VEGF production and secretion into the culture medium; and, the effect of a potent, selective inhibitor of VEGF receptors, AL-993, on cell proliferation. Results: Human colorectal cancer specimens had strong expression of VEGF in cancer cells and also expressed VEGF-R1 and VEGF-R2.In vitro studies showed that human colon cancer cell lines, HCT116 and HT29, but not normal colonic cell lines, express VEGF, VEGF-R1 and VEGF-R2 and secrete VEGF into the medium up to a concentration 2000 pg/ml within 48 h. Furthermore, we showed that inhibition of VEGF receptors using a specific VEGF-R inhibitor significantly reduced proliferation (by >50%) of cultured colon cancer cell lines. Conclusions: Our findings support the contention that VEGF generated by colon cancer cells stimulates their growth directly through an autocrine mechanism that is independent of its primary function in the induction of angiogenesis.

  15. Fly Ash Characteristics and Carbon Sequestration Potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palumbo, Anthony V.; Amonette, James E.; Tarver, Jana R.; Fagan, Lisa A.; McNeilly, Meghan S.; Daniels, William L.

    2007-07-20

    Concerns for the effects of global warming have lead to an interest in the potential for inexpensive methods to sequester carbon dioxide (CO2). One of the proposed methods is the sequestration of carbon in soil though the growth of crops or forests.4,6 If there is an economic value placed on sequestration of carbon dioxide in soil there may be an an opportunity and funding to utilize fly ash in the reclamation of mine soils and other degraded lands. However, concerns associated with the use of fly ash must be addressed before this practice can be widely adopted. There is a vast extent of degraded lands across the world that has some degree of potential for use in carbon sequestration. Degraded lands comprise nearly 2 X 109 ha of land throughout the world.7 Although the potential is obviously smaller in the United States, there are still approximately 4 X 106 ha of degraded lands that previously resulted from mining operations14 and an additional 1.4 X 108 ha of poorly managed lands. Thus, according to Lal and others the potential is to sequester approximately 11 Pg of carbon over the next 50 years.1,10 The realization of this potential will likely be dependent on economic incentives and the use of soil amendments such as fly ash. There are many potential benefits documented for the use of fly ash as a soil amendment. For example, fly ash has been shown to increase porosity, water-holding capacity, pH, conductivity, and dissolved SO42-, CO32-, HCO3-, Cl- and basic cations, although some effects are notably decreased in high-clay soils.8,13,9 The potential is that these effects will promote increased growth of plants (either trees or grasses) and result in greater carbon accumulation in the soil than in untreated degraded soils. This paper addresses the potential for carbon sequestration in soils amended with fly ash and examines some of the issues that should be considered in planning this option. We describe retrospective studies of soil carbon accumulation on reclaimed mine lands, leaching studies of fly ash and carbon sorption studies of fly ash.

  16. Options in the Eleventh Year for Interim Standard Offer Number Four Contracts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hinrichs, Thomas C.

    1992-03-24

    The Interim Standard Offer Number Four Contracts (ISM), under which most of the geothermal industry is selling power (outside of The Geysers), has an initial ten year period of known fixed energy payments. In the eleventh year, the price goes to the Avoided Cost of the buying utility. The specific contract language is ''Seller will be paid at a rate equal to the utilities' published avoided cost of energy as updated and authorized by the Commission (CPUC)''. The first geothermal contract will reach the end of the initial 10 year period in early 1994, a few will end in 1995 and 1996, and the majority will end in the 1997-2000 period. This is beginning to be focused upon by the utilities, lenders and, of course, the operators themselves. The prime reason for focusing on the issue is that avoided costs of the utilities directly track the delivered cost of the natural gas, and most forecasts are showing that the price of gas in the eleventh year of the contracts will be significantly lower than the last year of the fixed period of energy payments. There are many forums in which the predication of natural gas prices are discussed. In the State of California, the agency responsible for the official forecast is the California Energy Commission. Every two years, the CEC holds hearings for input into its biennial Fuels Report (FR) which establishes the forecast of natural gas prices in addition to other parameters which are used in the planning process. The attached Exhibit I is an excerpt out of the 1991 Fuels Report (FR91). Figure 1 compares the forecast of FR89 and FR91 for the Utility Electric Generation (UEG) in PG&E's service area, and Figure 2, the forecast in the SOCAL service area. The FR91 SOCAL service area forecast indicates a bottoming of the gas price in 1994 at $2.50/mmbtu. Recent prices in 1992 are already at these levels. Converting this to an avoided energy cost brings about a price of 2 to 2-1/2 Cents/kWh. The 1992 energy price in the IS04 contract is 9.3 Cents/kWh.

  17. FIELD TEST PROGRAM TO DEVELOP COMPREHENSIVE DESIGN, OPERATING, AND COST DATA FOR MERCURY CONTROL SYSTEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael D. Durham

    2004-10-01

    PG&E NEG Salem Harbor Station Unit 1 was successfully tested for applicability of activated carbon injection as a mercury control technology. Test results from this site have enabled a thorough evaluation of mercury control at Salem Harbor Unit 1, including performance, estimated cost, and operation data. This unit has very high native mercury removal, thus it was important to understand the impacts of process variables on native mercury capture. The team responsible for executing this program included plant and PG&E headquarters personnel, EPRI and several of its member companies, DOE, ADA, Norit Americas, Inc., Hamon Research-Cottrell, Apogee Scientific, TRC Environmental Corporation, Reaction Engineering, as well as other laboratories. The technical support of all of these entities came together to make this program achieve its goals. Overall the objectives of this field test program were to determine the mercury control and balance-of-plant impacts resulting from activated carbon injection into a full-scale ESP on Salem Harbor Unit 1, a low sulfur bituminous-coal-fired 86 MW unit. It was also important to understand the impacts of process variables on native mercury removal (>85%). One half of the gas stream was used for these tests, or 43 MWe. Activated carbon, DARCO FGD supplied by NORIT Americas, was injected upstream of the cold side ESP, just downstream of the air preheater. This allowed for approximately 1.5 seconds residence time in the duct before entering the ESP. Conditions tested in this field evaluation included the impacts of the Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction (SNCR) system on mercury capture, of unburned carbon in the fly ash, of adjusting ESP inlet flue gas temperatures, and of boiler load on mercury control. The field evaluation conducted at Salem Harbor looked at several sorbent injection concentrations at several flue gas temperatures. It was noted that at the mid temperature range of 322-327 F, the LOI (unburned carbon) lost some of its ability to capture vapor phase Hg, however activated carbon performed relatively well. At the normal operating temperatures of 298-306 F, mercury emissions from the ESP were so low that both particulate and elemental mercury were ''not detected'' at the detection limits of the Ontario Hydro method for both baseline and injection tests. The oxidized mercury however, was 95% lower at a sorbent injection concentration of 10 lbs/MMacf compared with baseline emissions. When the flue gas temperatures were increased to a range of 343-347 F, mercury removal efficiencies were limited to <25%, even at the same sorbent injection concentration. Other tests examined the impacts of fly ash LOI, operation of the SNCR system, and flue gas temperature on the native mercury capture without sorbent injection. Listed below are the main conclusions from this program: (1) SNCR on/off test showed no beneficial effect on mercury removal caused by the SNCR system. (2) At standard operating temperatures ({approx} 300 F), reducing LOI from 30-35% to 15-20% had minimal impact on Hg removal. (3) Increasing flue gas temperatures reduced Hg removal regardless of LOI concentrations at Salem Harbor (minimum LOI was 15%). Native mercury removal started to fall off at temperatures above 320 F. ACI effectiveness for mercury removal fell off at temperatures above 340 F. (4) Test method detection limits play an important role at Salem Harbor due to the low residual emissions. Examining the proposed MA rule, both the removal efficiency and the emission concentrations will be difficult to demonstrate on an ongoing basis. (5) Under tested conditions the baseline emissions met the proposed removal efficiency for 2006, but not the proposed emission concentration. ACI can meet the more-stringent 2012 emission limits, as long as measurement detection limits are lower than the Ontario Hydro method. SCEM testing was able to verify the low emissions. For ACI to perform at this level, process conditions need to match those obtained during testing.

  18. XRD micro-XANES EMPA and SIMS investigation on phlogopite single crystals from Mt. Vulture (Italy)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    F Scordari; M Dyar; E Schingaro; M Lacalamita; L Ottolini

    2011-12-31

    Selected phlogopite flakes from Mt. Vulture in southern Italy were studied using a combination of single-crystal techniques: electron microprobe analysis (EMPA), secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), single-crystal X-ray diffraction (SCXRD), and micro-X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES). The latter technique was employed to analyze the structure of the Fe-K absorption edge over the region from 7080-8100 eV and to determine Fe{sup 3+}/{Sigma}Fe at a micrometer scale, albeit with large error bars due to known effects of orientation on pre-edge energy. The annite component, Fe/(Mg+Fe), of the samples studied ranged from 0.16 to 0.31, the Ti content from 0.11 to 0.27 atoms per formula unit (apfu) and the Ba content from 0.03 to 0.09 apfu. SIMS analysis showed H{sub 2}O (wt%) = 1.81-3.30, F (wt%) = 0.44-1.29, and Li{sub 2}O (wt%) = 0.001-0.027. The intra single-crystal chemical variability for major/minor elements (Mg, Fe, Al, Ba, Ti, and K) was found particularly significant for samples VUT191{_}11 and PG5{_}1, less significant for the other samples of the set. SIMS data relative to crystals VUT187{_}24, VUT191{_}10, VUT191{_}11, and VUT187{_}28 showed a noteworthy variation in the concentrations of some light elements (H, Li, and F) with coefficient of variation CV (as 1{sigma}%) up to {approx}18% for H{sub 2}O. The analyzed micas belong to the 1M polytype. Structure refinements using anisotropic displacement parameters were performed in space group C2/m and converged at 3.08 {<=} R {<=} 3.63, 3.32 {<=} R{sub w} {<=} 3.98%. Micro-XANES results yielded Fe{sup 3+}/{Sigma}Fe from 51-93%. Previous Moessbauer data from powdered samples suggested Fe{sup 3+}/{Sigma}Fe values ranging from 49-87%. However, the Fe{sup 3+} content determined by both techniques is sometimes remarkably different, in part because of the large errors ({+-}10-15%) presently associated with the micro-XANES technique and in part because the Fe{sup 3+} content of a single crystal may significantly depart from the average value obtained from routine Moessbauer analysis. The combination of EMPA, SIMS, and micro-XANES resulted in the characterization of the samples at a comparable spatial scale. By means of in-situ data and the results of crystallographic investigations, the occurrence of different relative amounts of M{sup 3+}-oxy [{sup VI}M{sup 2+} + (OH){sup -} {leftrightarrow} {sup VI}M{sup 3+} + O{sup 2-} + {1/2}H{sub 2}{up_arrow}], Ti-oxy substitutions [{sup VI}M{sup 2+} + 2(OH){sup -} {leftrightarrow} {sup VI}Ti{sup 4+} + 2O{sup 2-} + H{sub 2}{up_arrow}], and Ti-vacancy ({open_square}) substitution (2{sup VI}M{sup 2+} {leftrightarrow} {sup VI}Ti{sup 4+} + {sup VI}{open_square}) was ascertained for the studied samples.

  19. Distributed Energy Resource Optimization Using a Software as Service (SaaS) Approach at the University of California, Davis Campus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael, Stadler; Marnay, Chris; Donadee, Jon; Lai, Judy; Mgel, Olivier; Bhattacharya, Prajesh; Siddiqui, Afzal

    2011-02-06

    Together with OSIsoft LLC as its private sector partner and matching sponsor, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) won an FY09 Technology Commercialization Fund (TCF) grant from the U.S. Department of Energy. The goal of the project is to commercialize Berkeley Lab's optimizing program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) using a software as a service (SaaS) model with OSIsoft as its first non-scientific user. OSIsoft could in turn provide optimization capability to its software clients. In this way, energy efficiency and/or carbon minimizing strategies could be made readily available to commercial and industrial facilities. Specialized versions of DER-CAM dedicated to solving OSIsoft's customer problems have been set up on a server at Berkeley Lab. The objective of DER-CAM is to minimize the cost of technology adoption and operation or carbon emissions, or combinations thereof. DER-CAM determines which technologies should be installed and operated based on specific site load, price information, and performance data for available equipment options. An established user of OSIsoft's PI software suite, the University of California, Davis (UCD), was selected as a demonstration site for this project. UCD's participation in the project is driven by its motivation to reduce its carbon emissions. The campus currently buys electricity economically through the Western Area Power Administration (WAPA). The campus does not therefore face compelling cost incentives to improve the efficiency of its operations, but is nonetheless motivated to lower the carbon footprint of its buildings. Berkeley Lab attempted to demonstrate a scenario wherein UCD is forced to purchase electricity on a standard time-of-use tariff from Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E), which is a concern to Facilities staff. Additionally, DER-CAM has been set up to consider the variability of carbon emissions throughout the day and seasons. Two distinct analyses of value to UCD are possible using this approach. First, optimal investment choices for buildings under the two alternative objectives can be derived. Second, a week-ahead building operations forecaster has been written that executes DER-CAM to find an optimal operating schedule for buildings given their expected building energy services requirements, electricity prices, and local weather. As part of its matching contribution, OSIsoft provided a full implementation of PI and a server to install it on at Berkeley Lab. Using the PItoPI protocol, this gives Berkeley Lab researchers direct access to UCD's PI data base. However, this arrangement is in itself inadequate for performing optimizations. Additional data not included in UCD's PI database would be needed and the campus was not able to provide this information. This report details the process, results, and lessons learned of this commercialization project.

  20. A Multiple Watershed Approach to Assessing the Effects of Habitat Restoration Actions on Anadromous and Resident Fish Populations, Technical Report 2003-2004.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marmorek, David

    2004-03-01

    Habitat protection and restoration is a cornerstone of current strategies to restore ecosystems, recover endangered fish species, and rebuild fish stocks within the Columbia River Basin. Strategies featuring habitat restoration include the 2000 Biological Opinion on operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS BiOp) developed by the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), the 2000 Biological Opinion on Bull Trout developed by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), and Sub-Basin Plans developed under the Fish and Wildlife Program of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NWPCC). There is however little quantitative information about the effectiveness of different habitat restoration techniques. Such information is crucial for helping scientists and program managers allocate limited funds towards the greatest benefits for fish populations. Therefore, it is critical to systematically test the hypotheses underlying habitat restoration actions for both anadromous and resident fish populations. This pilot project was developed through a proposal to the Innovative Projects fund of the NWPCC (ESSA 2002). It was funded by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) following reviews by the Independent Scientific Review Panel (ISRP 2002), the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority (CBFWA 2002), the NWPCC and BPA. The study was designed to respond directly to the above described needs for information on the effectiveness of habitat restoration actions, including legal measures specified in the 2000 FCRPS BiOp (RPA 183, pg. 9-133, NMFS 2000). Due to the urgency of addressing these measures, the timeline of the project was accelerated from a duration of 18 months to 14 months. The purpose of this pilot project was to explore methods for evaluating past habitat restoration actions and their effects on fish populations. By doing so, the project will provide a foundation of retrospective analyses, on which to build prospective, multi-watershed designs for future habitat restoration actions. Such designs are being developed concurrently with this project by several other groups in the Columbia Basin (RME Workgroup 2003, NMFS 2003, Hillman and Paulsen 2002, Hillman 2003). By addressing questions about habitat restoration and monitoring (in coordination with other related efforts), we hope that this project will catalyze a shift in the Basin's paradigm of habitat restoration, moving from implementation of individual watershed projects towards rigorously designed and monitored, multiwatershed, adaptive management experiments. The project involved three phases of work, which were closely integrated with various related and ongoing efforts in the region: (1) Scoping - We met with a Core Group of habitat experts and managers to scope out a set of testable habitat restoration hypotheses, identify candidate watersheds and recommend participants for a data evaluation workshop. (2) Data Assembly - We contacted over 80 scientists and managers to help evaluate the suitability of each candidate watershed's historical data for assessing the effectiveness of past restoration actions. We eventually settled on the Yakima, Wenatchee, Clearwater, and Salmon subbasins, and began gathering relevant data for these watersheds at a workshop with habitat experts and managers. Data assembly continued for several months after the workshop. (3) Data Analysis and Synthesis - We explored statistical approaches towards retrospectively analyzing the effects of restoration 'treatments' at nested spatial scales across multiple watersheds (Chapters 2-5 of this report). These analyses provided a foundation for identifying existing constraints to testing restoration hypotheses, and opportunities to overcome these constraints through improved experimental designs, monitoring protocols and project selection strategies (Chapters 6 and 7 of this report). Finally, we developed a set of recommendations to improve the design, implementation, and monitoring of prospective habitat restoration programs in the Columbia River Basin (Chapter 8).

  1. Observations of Diurnal to Weekly Variations of Monoterpene-Dominated Fluxes of Volatile Organic Compounds from Mediterranean Forests: Implications for Regional Modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fares, Silvano; Schnitzhofer, Ralf; Xiaoyan, Jiang; Guenther, Alex B.; Hansel, Armin; Loreto, Francesco

    2013-09-04

    Most vascular plants species, especially trees, emit biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOC). Global estimates of BVOC emissions from plants range from 1 to 1.5 Pg C yr?1.1 Mediterranean forest trees have been described as high BVOC emitters, with emission depending primarily on light and temperature, and therefore being promoted by the warm Mediterranean climate. In the presence of sufficient sunlight and nitrogen oxides (NOx), the oxidation of BVOCs can lead to the formation of tropospheric ozone, a greenhouse gas with detrimental effects on plant health, crop yields, and human health. BVOCs are also precursors for aerosol formation, accounting for a significant fraction of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) produced in the atmosphere. The presidential Estate of Castelporziano covers an area of about 6000 ha located 25 km SW from the center of Rome, Italy (Figure 1) and hosts representative forest ecosystems typical of Mediterranean areas: holm oak forests, pine forests, dune vegetation, mixed oak and pine forests. Between 1995 and 2011, three intensive field campaigns were carried out on Mediterranean-type ecosystems inside the Estate. These campaigns were aimed at measuring BVOC emissions and environmental parameters, to improve formulation of basal emission factors (BEFs), that is, standardized emissions at 30 C and 1000 ?mol m?2s?1 of photosynthetic active radiation (PAR). BEFs are key input parameters of emission models. The first campaign in Castelporziano was a pioneering integrated study on biogenic emissions (1993? 19964). BVOC fluxes from different forest ecosystems were mainly investigated using plant- and leaf enclosures connected to adsorption tubes followed by GC?MS analysis in the laboratory. This allowed a first screening of Mediterranean species with respect to their BVOC emission potential, environmental control, and emission algorithms. In particular, deciduous oak species revealed high isoprene emissions (Quercus f rainetto, Quercus petrea, Quercus pubescens), while evergreen oaks emitted monoterpenes only, for example, Quercus ilex = holm oak. Differences in constitutive emission patterns discovered in Castelporziano supplied basic information to discriminate oak biodiversity in following studies.Ten years later, a second experimental campaign took place in spring and summer 2007 on a dune-shrubland experimental site. In this campaign, the use of a proton transfer reaction mass spectrometer (PTR-MS14) provided the fast BVOC observations necessary for quasi-real-time flux measurements using Disjunct Eddy Covariance. This allowed for the first time continuous measurements and BEFs calculation at canopy level. Finally, in September 2011 a third campaign was performed with the aim of further characterizing and improving estimates of BVOC fluxes from mixed Mediterranean forests dominated by a mixed holm oak and stone pine forest, using for the first time a proton transfer reaction?time-of-flight?mass spectrometer (PTR-TOF-MS). In contrast to the standard quadrupole PTR-MS, which can only measure one m/z ratio at a discrete time, thus being inadequate to quantify fluxes of more than a handful of compounds simultaneously, PTR-TOF-MS allowed simultaneous measurements (10 Hz) of fluxes of all BVOCs at the canopy level by Eddy Covariance.17?20, 50 In this work, we reviewed BEFs from previous campaigns in Castelporziano and calculated new BEFs from the campaign based on PTR-TOF-MS analysis. The new BEFs were used to parametrize the model of emissions of gases and aerosols from nature (MEGAN v2.11).

  2. INTERNAL REPAIR OF PIPELINES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robin Gordon; Bill Bruce; Ian Harris; Dennis Harwig; Nancy Porter; Mike Sullivan; Chris Neary

    2004-04-12

    The two broad categories of deposited weld metal repair and fiber-reinforced composite liner repair technologies were reviewed for potential application for internal repair of gas transmission pipelines. Both are used to some extent for other applications and could be further developed for internal, local, structural repair of gas transmission pipelines. Preliminary test programs were developed for both deposited weld metal repair and for fiber-reinforced composite liner repair. Evaluation trials have been conducted using a modified fiber-reinforced composite liner provided by RolaTube and pipe sections without liners. All pipe section specimens failed in areas of simulated damage. Pipe sections containing fiber-reinforced composite liners failed at pressures marginally greater than the pipe sections without liners. The next step is to evaluate a liner material with a modulus of elasticity approximately 95% of the modulus of elasticity for steel. Preliminary welding parameters were developed for deposited weld metal repair in preparation of the receipt of Pacific Gas & Electric's internal pipeline welding repair system (that was designed specifically for 559 mm (22 in.) diameter pipe) and the receipt of 559 mm (22 in.) pipe sections from Panhandle Eastern. The next steps are to transfer welding parameters to the PG&E system and to pressure test repaired pipe sections to failure. A survey of pipeline operators was conducted to better understand the needs and performance requirements of the natural gas transmission industry regarding internal repair. Completed surveys contained the following principal conclusions: (1) Use of internal weld repair is most attractive for river crossings, under other bodies of water, in difficult soil conditions, under highways, under congested intersections, and under railway crossings. (2) Internal pipe repair offers a strong potential advantage to the high cost of horizontal direct drilling (HDD) when a new bore must be created to solve a leak or other problem. (3) Typical travel distances can be divided into three distinct groups: up to 305 m (1,000 ft.); between 305 m and 610 m (1,000 ft. and 2,000 ft.); and beyond 914 m (3,000 ft.). All three groups require pig-based systems. A despooled umbilical system would suffice for the first two groups which represents 81% of survey respondents. The third group would require an onboard self-contained power unit for propulsion and welding/liner repair energy needs. (4) Pipe diameter sizes range from 50.8 mm (2 in.) through 1,219.2 mm (48 in.). The most common size range for 80% to 90% of operators surveyed is 508 mm to 762 mm (20 in. to 30 in.), with 95% using 558.8 mm (22 in.) pipe. An evaluation of potential repair methods clearly indicates that the project should continue to focus on the development of a repair process involving the use of GMAW welding and on the development of a repair process involving the use of fiber-reinforced composite liners.

  3. Balancing Cost and Risk: The Treatment of Renewable Energy inWestern Utility Resource Plans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2005-09-01

    Markets for renewable electricity have grown significantly in recent years, motivated in part by federal tax incentives and in part by state renewables portfolio standards and renewable energy funds. State renewables portfolio standards, for example, motivated approximately 45% of the 4,300 MW of wind power installed in the U.S. from 2001 through 2004, while renewable energy funds supported an additional 15% of these installations. Despite the importance of these state policies, a less widely recognized driver for renewable energy market growth is poised to also play an important role in the coming years: utility integrated resource planning (IRP). Formal resource planning processes have re-emerged in recent years as an important tool for utilities and regulators, particularly in regions where retail competition has failed to take root. In the western United States, recent resource plans contemplate a significant amount of renewable energy additions. These planned additions - primarily coming from wind power - are motivated by the improved economics of wind power, a growing acceptance of wind by electric utilities, and an increasing recognition of the inherent risks (e.g., natural gas price risk, environmental compliance risk) in fossil-based generation portfolios. The treatment of renewable energy in utility resource plans is not uniform, however. Assumptions about the direct and indirect costs of renewable resources, as well as resource availability, differ, as do approaches to incorporating such resources into the candidate portfolios that are analyzed in utility IRPs. The treatment of natural gas price risk, as well as the risk of future environmental regulations, also varies substantially. How utilities balance expected portfolio cost versus risk in selecting a preferred portfolio also differs. Each of these variables may have a substantial effect on the degree to which renewable energy contributes to the preferred portfolio of each utility IRP. This article, which is based on a longer report from Berkeley Lab, examines how twelve western utilities - Avista, Idaho Power, NorthWestern Energy (NorthWestern or NWE), Portland General Electric (PGE), Puget Sound Energy (PSE), PacifiCorp, Public Service Company of Colorado (PSCo), Nevada Power, Sierra Pacific, Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E), Southern California Edison (SCE), and San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E) - treat renewable energy in their recent resource plans. In aggregate, these utilities supply approximately half of all electricity demand in the western United States. In reviewing these plans, our purpose is twofold: (1) to highlight the growing importance of utility IRP as a current and future driver of renewable energy, and (2) to suggest possible improvements to methods used to evaluate renewable energy as a resource option. This article begins with a discussion of the planned renewable energy additions called for by the twelve utilities in our sample, followed by an overview of how these plans incorporated renewables into candidate portfolios, and a review of the specific technology cost and performance assumptions they made, primarily for wind power. We then turn to the utilities analysis of natural gas price and environmental compliance risks, and examine how the utilities traded off portfolio cost and risk in selecting a preferred portfolio.

  4. A genomics investigation of partitioning into and among flavonoid-derived condensed tannins for carbon sequestration in Populus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harding, Scott, A; Tsai, Chung-jui; Lindroth, Richard, L

    2013-03-24

    The project set out to use comparative (genotype and treatment) and transgenic approaches to investigate the determinants of condensed tannin (CT) accrual and chemical variability in Populus. CT type and amount are thought to effect the decomposition of plant detritus in the soil, and thereby the sequestering of carbon in the soil. The stated objectives were: 1. Genome-wide transcriptome profiling (microarrays) to analyze structural gene, transcription factor and metabolite control of CT partitioning; 2. Transcriptomic (microarray) and chemical analysis of ontogenetic effects on CT and PG partitioning; and 3. Transgenic manipulation of flavonoid biosynthetic pathway genes to modify the control of CT composition. Objective 1: A number of approaches for perturbing CT content and chemistry were tested in Objective 1, and those included nitrogen deficit, leaf wounding, drought, and salicylic acid spraying. Drought had little effect on CTs in the genotypes we used. Plants exhibited unpredictability in their response to salicylic acid spraying, leading us to abandon its use. Reduced plant nitrogen status and leaf wounding caused reproducible and magnitudinally striking increases in leaf CT content. Microarray submissions to NCBI from those experiments are the following: GSE ID 14515: Comparative transcriptomics analysis of Populus leaves under nitrogen limitation: clone 1979. Public on Jan 04, 2010; Contributor(s) Harding SA, Tsai C GSE ID 14893: Comparative transcriptomics analysis of Populus leaves under nitrogen limitation: clone 3200. Public on Feb 19, 2009; Contributor(s) Harding SA, Tsai C GSE ID 16783 Wound-induced gene expression changes in Populus: 1 week; clone RM5. Status Public on Dec 01, 2009; Contributor(s) Harding SA, Tsai C GSE ID 16785 Wound-induced gene expression changes in Populus: 90 hours; clone RM5 Status Public on Dec 01, 2009; Contributor(s) Harding SA, Tsai C Although CT amount changed in response to treatments, CT composition was essentially conserved. Overall phenylpropanoid composition exhibited changes due to large effects on phenolic glycosides containing a salicin moiety. There were no effects on lignin content. Efforts to publish this work continue, and depend on additional data which we are still collecting. This ongoing work is expected to strengthen our most provocative metabolic profiling data which suggests as yet unreported links controlling the balance between the two major leaf phenylpropanoid sinks, the CTs and the salicin-PGs. Objective 2: Ontogenic effects on leaf CT accrual and phenylpropanoid complexity (Objective 2) have been reported in the past and we contributed two manuscripts on how phenylpropanoid sinks in roots and stems could have an increasing effect on leaf CT as plants grow larger and plant proportions of stem, root and leaf change. Tsai C.-J., El Kayal W., Harding S.A. (2006) Populus, the new model system for investigating phenylpropanoid complexity. International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering 4: 221-233. We presented evidence that flavonoid precursors of CT rapidly decline in roots under conditions that favor CT accrual in leaves. Harding SA, Jarvie MM, Lindroth RL, Tsai C-J (2009) A comparative analysis of phenylpropanoid metabolism, N utilization and carbon partitioning in fast- and slow-growing Populus hybrid clones. Journal of Experimental Botany. 60:3443-3452. We presented evidence that nitrogen delivery to leaves as a fraction of nitrogen taken up by the roots is lower in high leaf CT genotypes. We presented a hypothesis from our data that N was sequestered in proportion to lignin content in stem tissues. Low leaf N content and high leaf CT in genotypes with high stem lignin was posited to be a systemic outcome of N demand in lignifiying stem tissues. Thereby, stem lignin and leaf CT accrual might be systemically linked, placing control of leaf phenylpropanoids under systemic rather than solely organ specific determinants. Analyses of total structural and non-structural carbohydrates contributed to the model presented. Harding SA, Xue L, Du L, Nyamd

  5. Detection of Chemical/Biological Agents and Stimulants using Quadrupole Ion Trap Mass Spectrometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harmon, S.H.; Hart, K.J.; Vass, A.A.; Wise, M.B.; Wolf, D.A.

    1999-06-14

    Detection of Chemical/Biological Agents and Simulants A new detector for chemical and biological agents is being developed for the U. S. Army under the Chemical and Biological Mass Spectrometer Block II program. The CBMS Block II is designed to optimize detection of both chemical and biological agents through the use of direct sampling inlets [I], a multi- ported sampling valve and a turbo- based vacuum system to support chemical ionization. Unit mass resolution using air as the buffer gas [2] has been obtained using this design. Software to control the instrument and to analyze the data generated from the instrument has also been newly developed. Detection of chemical agents can be accomplished. using the CBMS Block II design via one of two inlets - a l/ I 6'' stainless steel sample line -Chemical Warfare Air (CW Air) or a ground probe with enclosed capillary currently in use by the US Army - CW Ground. The Block II design is capable of both electron ionization and chemical ionization. Ethanol is being used as the Cl reagent based on a study indicating best performance for the Biological Warfare (BW) detection task (31). Data showing good signal to noise for 500 pg of methyl salicylate injected into the CW Air inlet, 50 ng of dimethylmethylphosphonate exposed to the CW Ground probe and 5 ng of methyl stearate analyzed using the pyrolyzer inlet were presented. Biological agents are sampled using a ''bio-concentrator'' unit that is designed to concentrate particles in the low micron range. Particles are collected in the bottom of a quartz pyrolyzer tube. An automated injector is being developed to deliver approximately 2 pL of a methylating reagent, tetramethylamonium- hydroxide to 'the collected particles. Pyrolysis occurs by rapid heating to ca. 55OOC. Biological agents are then characterized by their fatty acid methyl ester profiles and by other biomarkers. A library of ETOH- Cl/ pyrolysis MS data of microorganisms used for a recently published study [3] has been expanded with additional bacteria and fungi. These spectra were acquired on a Finnigan Magnum ion trap using helium buffer gas. A new database of Cl spectra of microorganisms is planned using the CBMS Block II instrument and air as the buffer gas. Using the current database, the fatty acid composition of the organisms was compared using the percentage of the ion current attributable to fatty acids. The data presented suggest promising rules for discrimination of these organisms. Strain, growth media and vegetative state do contribute to some of the distributions observed in the data. However, the data distributions observed in the current study only reflect our experience to date and do not fully represent the variability that might be expected in practice: Acquisition of MS/ MS spectra has begun (using He and air buffer gas) of the protonated molecular ion of a variety of fatty acids and for a number of ions nominally assigned as fatty acids from microorganisms. These spectra will be used to help verify fatty acid .

  6. MUNI Ways and Structures Building Integrated Solar Membrane Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Randall

    2014-07-03

    The initial goal of the MUNI Ways and Structures Building Integrated Solar Membrane Installation Project was for the City and County of San Francisco (CCSF) to gain experience using the integrated higher efficiency solar photovoltaic (PV) single-ply membrane product, as it differs from the conventional, low efficiency, thin-film PV products, to determine the feasibility of success of larger deployment. As several of CCSF’s municipal rooftops are constrained with respect to weight restrictions, staff of the Energy Generation Group of the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC) proposed to install a solar PV system using single-ply membrane The installation of the 100 kW (DC-STC) lightweight photo voltaic (PV) system at the MUNI Ways and Structures Center (700 Pennsylvania Ave., San Francisco) is a continuation of the commitment of the City and County of San Francisco (CCSF) to increase the pace of municipal solar development, and serve its municipal facilities with clean renewable energy. The fourteen (14) solar photovoltaic systems that have already been installed at CCSF municipal facilities are assisting in the reduction of fossil-fuel use, and reduction of greenhouse gases from fossil combustion. The MUNI Ways & Structures Center roof has a relatively low weight-bearing capacity (3.25 pounds per square foot) and use of traditional crystalline panels was therefore rejected. Consequently it was decided to use the best available highest efficiency Building-Integrated PV (BIPV) technology, with consideration for reliability and experience of the manufacturer which can meet the low weight-bearing capacity criteria. The original goal of the project was to provide an opportunity to monitor the results of the BIPV technology and compare these results to other City and County of San Francisco installed PV systems. The MUNI Ways and Structures Center was acquired from the Cookson Doors Company, which had run the Center for many decades. The building was renovated in 1998, but the existing roof had not been designed to carry a large load. Due to this fact, a complete roofing and structural analysis had to be performed to match the available roof loading to the existing and/or new solar PV technology, and BIPV was considered an excellent solution for this structure with the roof weight limitations. The solar BIPV system on the large roof area was estimated to provide about 25% of the total facility load with an average of 52,560 kWh per month. In order to accomplish the goals of the project, the following steps were performed: 1. SFPUC and consultants evaluated the structural capability of the facility roof, with recommendations for improvements necessary to accommodate the solar PV system and determine the suitable size of the system in kilowatts. The electrical room and switchgear were evaluated for any improvements necessary and to identify any constraints that might impede the installation of necessary inverters, transformers or meters. 2. Development of a design-build Request for Proposal (RFP) to identify the specifications for the solar PV system, and to include SFPUC technical specifications, equipment warranties and performance warranties. Due to potential labor issues in the local solar industry, SFPUC adjusted the terms of the RFP to more clearly define scope of work between electricians, roofers and laborers. 3. Design phase of project included electrical design drawings, calculations and other construction documents to support three submittals: 50% (preliminary design), 90% (detailed design) and 100% (Department of Building Inspection permit approved). 4. Installation of solar photovoltaic panels, completion of conduit and wiring work, connection of inverters, isolation switches, meters and Data Acquisition System by Contractor (Department of Public Works). 5. Commissioning of system, including all necessary tests to make the PV system fully functional and operational at its rated capacity of 100 kW (DC-STC). Following completion of these steps, the solar PV system was installed and fully integrated by late October 2013. The interconnection with PG&E utility grid was completed and the system began generating power on November 21, 2013. The projected annual energy generation for the system is estimated at 127,120 kWh/year.

  7. Current developments in laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry for use in geology, forensics, and nuclear nonproliferation research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Messerly, Joshua D.

    2008-08-26

    This dissertation focused on new applications of laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). The diverse fields that were investigated show the versatility of the technique. In Chapter 2, LA-ICP-MS was used to investigate the rare earth element (REE) profiles of garnets from the Broken Hill Deposit in New South Wales, Australia. The normalized REE profiles helped to shed new light on the formation of deposits of sulfide ores. This information may be helpful in identifying the location of sulfide ore deposits in other locations. New sources of metals such as Pg, Zn, and Ag, produced from these ores, are needed to sustain our current technological society. The application of LA-ICP-MS presented in Chapter 3 is the forensics analysis of automotive putty and caulking. The elemental analysis of these materials was combined with the use of Principal Components Analysis (PCA). The PCA comparison was able to differentiate the automotive putty samples by manufacturer and lot number. The analysis of caulk was able to show a differentiation based on manufacturer, but no clear differentiation was shown by lot number. This differentiation may allow matching of evidence in the future. This will require many more analyses and the construction of a database made up of many different samples. The 4th chapter was a study of the capabilities of LA-ICP-MS for fast and precise analysis of particle ensembles for nuclear nonproliferation applications. Laser ablation has the ability to spatially resolve particle ensembles which may contain uranium or other actinides from other particles present in a sample. This is of importance in samples obtained from air on filter media. The particle ensembles of interest may be mixed in amongst dust and other particulates. A problem arises when ablating these particle ensembles directly from the filter media. Dust particles other than ones of interest may be accidentally entrained in the aerosol of the ablated particle ensemble. This would cause the analysis to be skewed. The use of a gelatin substrate allows the ablation a particle ensemble without disturbing other particles or the gelatin surface. A method to trap and ablate particles on filter paper using collodion was also investigated. The laser was used to dig through the collodion layer and into the particle ensemble. Both of these methods fix particles to allow spatial resolution of the particle ensembles. The use of vanillic acid as a possible enhancement to ablation was also studied. A vanillic acid coating of the particles fixed on top of the gelatin substrate was not found to have any positive effect on either signal intensity or precision. The mixing of vanillic acid in the collodion solution used to coat the filter paper increased ablation signal intensity by a factor of 4 to 5. There was little effect on precision, though. The collodion on filter paper method and the gelatin method of resolving particles have shown themselves to be possible tools in fighting proliferation of nuclear weapons and material. Future applications of LA-ICP-MS are only limited by the imagination of the investigator. Any material that can be ablated and aerosolized is a potential material for analysis by LA-ICP-MS. Improvements in aerosol transport, ablation chamber design, and laser focusing can make possible the ablation and analysis of very small amounts of material. This may perhaps lead to more possible uses in forensics. A similar method to the one used in Chapter 3 could perhaps be used to match drug residue to the place of origin. Perhaps a link could be made based on the elements leached from the soil by plants used to make drugs. This may have a specific pattern based on where the plant was grown. Synthetic drugs are produced in clandestine laboratories that are often times very dirty. The dust, debris, and unique materials in the lab environment could create enough variance to perhaps match drugs produced there to samples obtained off the street. Even if the match was not strong enough to be evidence, the knowledge that many samples of a drug are being produced from a similar location could help law enforcement find and shut down the lab. Future nuclear nonproliferation research would also be helped by the ability to get more analyte signal from smaller and smaller amounts of material. One possible future line of research would be to find a way to make the collodion layer as thin as possible so less laser shots are needed to get to the particle of interest. Collodion and gelatin analysis could also be used for environmental applications where spatial resolution of particles is needed. Individual particles could give information about the contaminants present in a given location. The wide versatility of LA-ICP-MS makes it a useful tool for nearly nondestructive analysis of a variety of samples and matrices.

  8. 11,23,1,1,,19,10,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ELLSWORTH",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,2941,0,0,3518,0,0,4870,0,0,1732,0,0,3252,0,0,2193,0,0,134,0,0,447,0,0,465,0,0,538,0,0,4295,0,0,3601,0,0,1469,6,50159,"WAT","HY"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    NAD_UTIL","FILLER","EFFDATE","STATUS","MULTIST","YEAR","GEN01","CON01","STK01","GEN02","CON02","STK02","GEN03","CON03","STK03","GEN04","CON04","STK04","GEN05","CON05","STK05","GEN06","CON06","STK06","GEN07","CON07","STK07","GEN08","CON08","STK08","GEN09","CON09","STK09","GEN10","CON10","STK10","GEN11","CON11","STK11","GEN12","CON12","STK12","PCODE","NERC","UTILCODE","FUELDESC","PMDESC" 11,23,1,1,,19,10,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ELLSWORTH",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,2941,0,0,3518,0,0,4870,0,0,1732,0,0,3252,0,0,2193,0,0,134,0,0,447,0,0,465,0,0,538,0,0,4295,0,0,3601,0,0,1469,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,15,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","HOWLAND",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,772,0,0,858,0,0,1012,0,0,727,0,0,1061,0,0,917,0,0,385,0,0,118,0,0,0,0,0,657,0,0,905,0,0,820,0,0,1472,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,30,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MEDWAY",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,2116,0,0,1715,0,0,1459,0,0,1821,0,0,1946,0,0,2134,0,0,2157,0,0,1797,0,0,1745,0,0,1829,0,0,2224,0,0,2386,0,0,1474,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,3,2,19,30,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MEDWAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",1179,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,553,181,307,419,0,0,593,31,55,538,66,120,418,219,399,383,324,598,481,313,579,614,97,178,575,1,2,573,0,0,608,98,171,611,1474,6,50159,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,19,35,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MILFORD",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,3843,0,0,3348,0,0,4177,0,0,3759,0,0,4855,0,0,4740,0,0,2971,0,0,2432,0,0,1786,0,0,1561,0,0,3510,0,0,4606,0,0,1475,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,45,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ORONO",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,895,0,0,836,0,0,966,0,0,576,0,0,624,0,0,736,0,0,684,0,0,464,0,0,408,0,0,616,0,0,849,0,0,896,0,0,1476,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,55,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","STILLWATER",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,1191,0,0,844,0,0,939,0,0,1021,0,0,1114,0,0,1181,0,0,1170,0,0,878,0,0,818,0,0,880,0,0,923,0,0,950,0,0,1478,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,60,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","VEAZIE A",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,4314,0,0,3855,0,0,5043,0,0,5153,0,0,6053,0,0,5342,0,0,3542,0,0,2651,0,0,2281,0,0,3932,0,0,5128,0,0,3842,0,0,1479,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,62,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","VEAZIE B",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7199,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,3,2,19,68,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","BAR HARBOR",0,"LIGHT OIL",1179,"0A",1294,,,95,42,73,538,379,659,574,0,0,574,73,128,446,69,125,512,225,420,440,312,579,556,449,813,455,32,60,586,49,89,497,6,10,487,152,264,571,1466,6,50159,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,3,2,19,75,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","EASTPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",1179,"0A",1294,,,95,39,70,576,80,139,412,0,0,586,10,18,557,32,58,494,111,204,464,172,317,495,182,334,509,19,36,472,0,0,470,15,29,429,67,117,460,1468,6,50159,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,37,5,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","ANDROSCOG 3",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,2536,0,0,2573,0,0,2732,0,0,2703,0,0,2639,0,0,2235,0,0,2379,0,0,2201,0,0,1657,0,0,2352,0,0,2282,0,0,2805,0,0,1480,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,10,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BAR MILLS",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,2420,0,0,1389,0,0,2414,0,0,2364,0,0,2584,0,0,1195,0,0,623,0,0,586,0,0,293,0,0,1310,0,0,2401,0,0,2056,0,0,1481,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,20,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BONNY EAGLE",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,6041,0,0,3654,0,0,5858,0,0,5255,0,0,4575,0,0,2217,0,0,1233,0,0,1084,0,0,592,0,0,3323,0,0,7098,0,0,4100,0,0,1482,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,40,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","CATARACT",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,5330,0,0,4194,0,0,4953,0,0,4656,0,0,4888,0,0,5331,0,0,818,0,0,662,0,0,102,0,0,2232,0,0,5064,0,0,4090,0,0,1486,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,42,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","CONTINENTAL",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,-14,0,0,-15,0,0,322,0,0,72,0,0,147,0,0,12,0,0,3,0,0,13,0,0,15,0,0,109,0,0,555,0,0,-18,0,0,1487,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,50,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","DEER RIP 1",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,2694,0,0,2434,0,0,4080,0,0,3776,0,0,4034,0,0,2023,0,0,686,0,0,215,0,0,83,0,0,1916,0,0,3984,0,0,3453,0,0,1488,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,60,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","FT HALIFAX",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,959,0,0,424,0,0,1026,0,0,961,0,0,925,0,0,526,0,0,51,0,0,5,0,0,155,0,0,380,0,0,977,0,0,659,0,0,1490,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,75,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","GULF ISLAND",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,10764,0,0,9131,0,0,13512,0,0,13282,0,0,13485,0,0,8299,0,0,5537,0,0,4070,0,0,2892,0,0,9130,0,0,15549,0,0,11464,0,0,1491,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,80,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","HARRIS",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,14325,0,0,24479,0,0,22937,0,0,6538,0,0,5448,0,0,21283,0,0,13285,0,0,11928,0,0,12813,0,0,10770,0,0,19708,0,0,26783,0,0,1492,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,85,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","HIRAM",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,5791,0,0,3447,0,0,5873,0,0,6762,0,0,6516,0,0,2778,0,0,1397,0,0,1182,0,0,155,0,0,2992,0,0,7160,0,0,4285,0,0,1493,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,90,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 2",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,1280,0,0,585,0,0,1625,0,0,606,0,0,869,0,0,350,0,0,2,0,0,-1,0,0,9,0,0,710,0,0,1668,0,0,745,0,0,1497,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,95,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 3",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,753,0,0,330,0,0,977,0,0,349,0,0,507,0,0,180,0,0,0,0,0,-6,0,0,0,0,0,414,0,0,1038,0,0,416,0,0,1498,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,100,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 4",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,405,0,0,183,0,0,451,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1499,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,105,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 5",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,699,0,0,292,0,0,0,0,0,378,0,0,0,0,0,203,0,0,13,0,0,9,0,0,4,0,0,408,0,0,923,0,0,390,0,0,1500,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,110,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","NO GORHAM",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,1215,0,0,963,0,0,842,0,0,520,0,0,455,0,0,503,0,0,595,0,0,604,0,0,413,0,0,340,0,0,740,0,0,1180,0,0,1501,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,125,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","SHAWMUT",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,5226,0,0,5495,0,0,6547,0,0,5776,0,0,5295,0,0,4910,0,0,3475,0,0,2346,0,0,2571,0,0,3529,0,0,4803,0,0,6066,0,0,1504,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,130,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","SKELTON",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,13276,0,0,8614,0,0,12134,0,0,11304,0,0,11550,0,0,5199,0,0,2833,0,0,2610,0,0,687,0,0,6731,0,0,13037,0,0,9456,0,0,1505,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,145,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WEST BUXTON",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,4424,0,0,2556,0,0,4381,0,0,3723,0,0,3292,0,0,1602,0,0,798,0,0,745,0,0,418,0,0,1944,0,0,4334,0,0,3045,0,0,1508,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,150,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WESTON",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,8095,0,0,8443,0,0,9513,0,0,8520,0,0,7843,0,0,7850,0,0,5819,0,0,4618,0,0,4257,0,0,5361,0,0,7925,0,0,9347,0,0,1509,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,155,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WILLIAMS",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,9171,0,0,9162,0,0,10255,0,0,6585,0,0,7543,0,0,8658,0,0,6098,0,0,5593,0,0,5308,0,0,5891,0,0,8857,0,0,10646,0,0,1510,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,160,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WYMAN HYDRO",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,30298,0,0,37016,0,0,38382,0,0,18735,0,0,24745,0,0,31774,0,0,20433,0,0,17564,0,0,16353,0,0,19735,0,0,40234,0,0,38504,0,0,1511,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,4,2,37,175,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","CAPE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,,,95,40,282,7937,40,336,7601,-57,44,7557,-40,24,7533,5,162,7371,38,208,7316,611,1872,6581,497,1571,5887,-24,32,5855,-32,27,5828,-45,25,5803,-25,145,5552,1484,6,50491,"FO2","GT" 11,23,1,2,2,37,200,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WYMAN STEAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,,,95,707,1587,1149,810,1542,1579,117,264,1534,980,1825,1680,366,883,1468,854,1640,1807,783,1460,2327,653,1307,1677,115,266,1410,20,76,1335,486,1282,2039,604,1177,2212,1507,6,50491,"FO2","ST" 11,23,1,2,3,37,200,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WYMAN STEAM",0,"HEAVY OIL",3266,"0M",1294,,,95,47051,97029,319010,122493,214459,275338,22777,47240,228098,127804,222606,207728,22560,50003,278752,79660,140051,253816,153893,263859,173676,74046,134076,202289,16596,35140,288543,3258,10955,197963,18538,44437,353526,107031,192190,308382,1507,6,50491,"FO6","ST" 11,23,1,3,2,37,204,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","ISLESBORO",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1494,6,50491,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,3,2,37,206,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","PEAK IS",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1502,6,50491,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,37,210,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BRUNSWICK",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,7964,0,0,6898,0,0,11266,0,0,10237,0,0,10095,0,0,6009,0,0,3698,0,0,2974,0,0,2429,0,0,6541,0,0,12216,0,0,8541,0,0,1483,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,215,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","W CHANNEL",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,-33,0,0,-20,0,0,-22,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-21,0,0,-1,0,0,19,0,0,-11,0,0,-22,0,0,695,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,220,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BATES UPPER",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,-41,0,0,-34,0,0,610,0,0,144,0,0,273,0,0,15,0,0,1,0,0,15,0,0,18,0,0,217,0,0,4223,0,0,-30,0,0,7044,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,225,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BATES LOWER",0,,3266,"0M",1294,"S",,95,-17,0,0,-16,0,0,-8,0,0,-2,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-1,0,0,-3,0,0,-17,0,0,7045,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,235,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","ANDRO LOWER",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,23,0,0,-11,0,0,21,0,0,-2,0,0,12,0,0,0,0,0,-1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5,0,0,38,0,0,-14,0,0,7047,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,240,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","HILL MILL",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,-3,0,0,-2,0,0,183,0,0,-6,0,0,60,0,0,2,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,105,0,0,467,0,0,-6,0,0,7048,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,245,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","C E MONTY",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,11840,0,0,10124,0,0,14280,0,0,13297,0,0,13808,0,0,8324,0,0,5496,0,0,4271,0,0,3199,0,0,9333,0,0,15686,0,0,12247,0,0,805,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,250,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","SMELT HILL",0,,3266,"0M",294,"A",,95,0,0,0,400,0,0,352,0,0,239,0,0,180,0,0,162,0,0,191,0,0,178,0,0,-608,0,0,766,0,0,224,0,0,283,0,0,7514,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,2,"B",37,255,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","AROOSTOOK V",0,"WOOD",3266,"0M",294,"A",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,165,0,0,134,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7513,6,50491,"WD","ST" 11,23,1,1,,94,5,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","CARIBOU",0,,11522,"0M",1294,,,95,454,0,0,469,0,0,519,0,0,451,0,0,454,0,0,410,0,0,48,0,0,1,0,0,-2,0,0,178,0,0,536,0,0,504,0,0,1513,6,51747,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,2,3,94,5,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","CARIBOU",0,"HEAVY OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,343,903,9375,592,1410,7984,-32,0,8005,-29,0,7995,-26,6,8015,-27,4,8057,-26,0,8067,222,644,7448,-28,0,7396,-29,0,7390,857,1841,5557,2237,4973,2370,1513,6,51747,"FO6","ST" 11,23,1,3,2,94,5,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","CARIBOU",0,"LIGHT OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,50,251,1746,5,143,1693,-65,0,1583,78,225,1932,-18,17,1865,-9,6,1829,38,115,1683,233,500,1802,86,210,1776,-6,65,2071,-56,28,1948,244,599,2098,1513,6,51747,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,94,10,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","SQUA PAN",0,,11522,"0M",1294,,,95,115,0,0,363,0,0,152,0,0,-10,0,0,-7,0,0,-3,0,0,-3,0,0,-4,0,0,-6,0,0,-7,0,0,3,0,0,223,0,0,1516,6,51747,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,3,2,94,23,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","FLOS INN",0,"LIGHT OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,27,115,314,19,82,232,-29,0,232,19,79,373,-23,2,371,-16,0,371,13,80,290,124,284,232,74,135,323,-3,51,272,-25,8,264,217,451,388,1514,6,51747,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,3,2,94,25,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","HOULTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,6,28,13,-8,1,12,-8,2,10,-8,0,10,-6,0,10,-3,0,10,-2,0,10,-3,0,10,-3,0,10,-4,0,11,-4,2,8,14,34,6,1515,6,51747,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,2,1,97,1,"MAINE YANKEE ATOMIC PWR C","MAIN YANKEE",0,"NUCLEAR",11525,"0M",1294,,,95,197577,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1517,6,51748,"UR","ST" 11,23,1,3,2,116,10,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SWANS FALLS",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,"R",180,95,-7,0,2,-7,0,2,-6,0,2,-3,0,2,-2,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-3,0,2,0,0,0,1518,6,52411,"FO2","IC" 11,23,5,1,,525,1,"LEWISTON (CITY OF)","ANDRO UPPER",0,,10963,"0A",1294,,,95,296,0,0,378,0,0,310,0,0,424,0,0,264,0,0,390,0,0,256,0,0,258,0,0,304,0,0,270,0,0,342,0,0,324,0,0,7046,6,54168,"WAT","HY" 11,23,5,1,,566,1,"MADISON (CITY OF)","NORRIDGEWCK",0,,11477,"0A",1294,,,95,306,0,0,241,0,0,261,0,0,291,0,0,379,0,0,277,0,0,75,0,0,0,0,0,26,0,0,121,0,0,197,0,0,224,0,0,6701,6,51737,"WAT","HY" 11,23,8,3,2,835,5,"EASTERN MAINE ELEC COOP","PORTABLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",5609,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6366,6,50848,"FO2","IC" 11,23,8,3,2,940,1,"SWANS ISLAND ELEC COOP","MINTURN",0,"LIGHT OIL",18368,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1550,6,52863,"FO2","IC" 12,33,1,1,,106,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","COMERFORD",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,34273,0,0,19125,0,0,43429,0,0,11874,0,0,22700,0,0,13853,0,0,5565,0,0,11061,0,0,5412,0,0,30636,0,0,45527,0,0,18948,0,0,2349,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,10,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","MCINDOES",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4420,0,0,3434,0,0,6350,0,0,3330,0,0,4648,0,0,2664,0,0,1453,0,0,2497,0,0,1353,0,0,4755,0,0,7050,0,0,3740,0,0,6483,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,13,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","S C MOORE",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,29434,0,0,15866,0,0,34014,0,0,9521,0,0,19359,0,0,12124,0,0,4787,0,0,9805,0,0,4357,0,0,27013,0,0,40020,0,0,16551,0,0,2351,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,15,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","VERNON",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,7120,0,0,5523,0,0,9186,0,0,7993,0,0,7582,0,0,3197,0,0,1355,0,0,2525,0,0,19,0,0,5912,0,0,9702,0,0,7342,0,0,2352,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,20,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","WILDER",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,1974,0,0,3326,0,0,18722,0,0,7773,0,0,8911,0,0,4713,0,0,4047,0,0,5176,0,0,2849,0,0,9330,0,0,12667,0,0,7471,0,0,2353,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,2,1,123,1,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SEABROOK",0,"NUCLEAR",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,857441,0,0,778373,0,0,863021,0,0,832472,0,0,865152,0,0,495425,0,0,690261,0,0,805711,0,0,800410,0,0,828658,0,0,60958,0,0,501494,0,0,6115,6,52411,"UR","ST" 12,33,1,1,,123,4,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","AMOSKEAG",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,10690,0,0,7028,0,0,11425,0,0,749,0,0,15769,0,0,4245,0,0,2251,0,0,3257,0,0,434,0,0,5760,0,0,11044,0,0,6264,0,0,2354,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,6,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","AYERS IS",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,3909,0,0,2249,0,0,4743,0,0,3555,0,0,4487,0,0,1520,0,0,1448,0,0,1727,0,0,380,0,0,3303,0,0,5711,0,0,2632,0,0,2355,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,16,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","EASTMAN FLS",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,2843,0,0,1293,0,0,2781,0,0,2587,0,0,2725,0,0,1214,0,0,1763,0,0,10079,0,0,-9794,0,0,1729,0,0,3266,0,0,1701,0,0,2356,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,20,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","GARVIN FLS",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,5209,0,0,3143,0,0,5693,0,0,4388,0,0,3956,0,0,2019,0,0,755,0,0,1667,0,0,350,0,0,3233,0,0,6336,0,0,3913,0,0,2357,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,22,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","GORHAM",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,989,0,0,1031,0,0,1249,0,0,885,0,0,1193,0,0,756,0,0,568,0,0,530,0,0,580,0,0,864,0,0,1116,0,0,1202,0,0,2358,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,28,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","HOOKSETT",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,787,0,0,865,0,0,912,0,0,1164,0,0,1141,0,0,791,0,0,156,0,0,317,0,0,43,0,0,751,0,0,952,0,0,776,0,0,2359,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,30,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","JACKMAN",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,1997,0,0,535,0,0,1239,0,0,236,0,0,557,0,0,305,0,0,191,0,0,722,0,0,-8,0,0,1339,0,0,2326,0,0,864,0,0,2360,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,50,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SMITH STA",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,8143,0,0,9737,0,0,11648,0,0,6108,0,0,8349,0,0,6172,0,0,4454,0,0,4871,0,0,3742,0,0,6861,0,0,10860,0,0,10308,0,0,2368,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,4,2,123,57,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","LOST NATION",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-15,0,2159,79,306,1853,-15,0,1853,-12,0,1853,42,125,1728,50,140,1587,209,595,1527,275,828,1235,-11,0,1235,-11,0,1235,-10,0,1235,111,338,1076,2362,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,2,2,123,59,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","MERRIMACK",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,27,45,275,16,29,156,22,38,180,23,38,218,0,0,0,29,52,151,6,14,205,30,55,180,52,96,222,62,108,185,57,96,176,20,35,176,2364,6,52411,"FO2","ST" 12,33,1,2,6,123,59,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","MERRIMACK",0,"BIT COAL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,266403,101539,253077,274308,103830,266334,256612,98157,263978,216443,80934,278945,76504,17154,315133,246563,95683,297713,281671,111493,247571,263463,95839,235114,181335,71786,264069,207269,81066,275589,253852,96425,269715,287608,108204,247069,2364,6,52411,"BIT","ST" 12,33,1,4,2,123,59,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","MERRIMACK",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-47,0,3032,411,1048,3032,-21,0,1984,-18,0,1984,112,282,1702,122,334,1367,613,1576,1494,582,1554,2033,-14,0,2033,-11,20,2013,-20,0,2013,242,603,1411,2364,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,2,3,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"HEAVY OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,1350,2702,31413,820,1554,92325,2073,4352,187620,1454,2823,184796,1826,3479,189663,2478,4626,184835,4062,7903,176932,2011,4193,53637,1321,2911,170000,1885,4329,165671,5233,10859,154812,3538,6785,118334,2367,6,52411,"FO6","ST" 12,33,1,2,6,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"BIT COAL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,53534,27148,87087,68779,32692,50318,47008,24972,52027,65230,33724,53967,55312,27020,32185,49976,24400,75043,55074,26887,62380,30313,18396,42154,18241,9931,51974,16092,9642,54786,30357,16856,90418,65541,32424,72200,2367,6,52411,"BIT","ST" 12,33,1,4,2,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-13,0,804,95,260,723,-12,0,723,-9,0,723,57,118,604,-7,0,604,90,262,723,242,963,714,-7,0,714,0,0,714,-9,0,714,120,301,794,2367,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,4,9,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"NAT GAS",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,19,240,0,12,140,0,24,310,0,25,300,0,22,264,0,17,210,0,219,2700,0,121,2803,0,14,190,0,15,220,0,24,320,0,22,260,0,2367,6,52411,"NG","GT" 12,33,1,4,2,123,70,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","WHITE LAKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-17,0,2383,97,350,2033,-14,4,2029,-7,0,2029,48,94,1935,136,341,1595,147,405,1763,357,924,1410,-3,0,1410,-3,0,1410,-13,0,1410,-6,129,1281,2369,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,2,2,123,72,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","NEWINGTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,2141,4247,1577,1729,3274,1766,1111,2327,1824,1584,4149,1209,1580,3072,1209,1589,3168,1640,1162,2239,1856,1703,3313,1598,1134,2258,1388,173,817,1751,1894,3703,1630,507,3096,1651,8002,6,52411,"FO2","ST" 12,33,1,2,3,123,72,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","NEWINGTON",0,"HEAVY OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,73391,138116,328850,119485,206586,321529,32827,62816,434361,89003,159420,245596,100291,177704,321055,73382,134661,317462,125529,216497,100965,57182,118647,2305699,45699,82009,405756,1560,6611,399144,100544,177099,222046,136392,231245,388270,8002,6,52411,"FO6","ST" 12,33,1,2,9,123,72,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","NEWINGTON",0,"NAT GAS",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,1463,17053,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,35353,394385,0,45744,527451,0,57696,624462,0,48968,544320,0,10747,122302,0,57,1545,0,742,8312,0,0,0,0,8002,6,52411,"NG","ST" 13,50,1,1,,22,2,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","ARNOLD FLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,112,0,0,27,0,0,168,0,0,290,0,0,100,0,0,18,0,0,33,0,0,37,0,0,17,0,0,172,0,0,245,0,0,135,0,0,3707,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,10,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","CAVENDISH",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,534,0,0,309,0,0,847,0,0,607,0,0,267,0,0,83,0,0,0,0,0,134,0,0,-3,0,0,391,0,0,928,0,0,383,0,0,3710,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,11,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","CLARKS FLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1404,0,0,1026,0,0,1689,0,0,1865,0,0,1729,0,0,855,0,0,596,0,0,1076,0,0,567,0,0,1648,0,0,1970,0,0,1412,0,0,3711,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,15,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","FAIRFAX",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1873,0,0,1589,0,0,2321,0,0,2516,0,0,2499,0,0,1241,0,0,878,0,0,1432,0,0,744,0,0,2114,0,0,2573,0,0,2233,0,0,3712,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,16,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","GAGE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,221,0,0,24,0,0,244,0,0,307,0,0,290,0,0,73,0,0,85,0,0,38,0,0,48,0,0,305,0,0,523,0,0,226,0,0,3713,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,18,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","GLEN",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1041,0,0,605,0,0,731,0,0,367,0,0,238,0,0,98,0,0,83,0,0,323,0,0,183,0,0,629,0,0,1307,0,0,401,0,0,3714,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,22,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","LW MIDLEBRY",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,725,0,0,534,0,0,1054,0,0,920,0,0,550,0,0,286,0,0,79,0,0,150,0,0,104,0,0,524,0,0,1220,0,0,492,0,0,3716,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,26,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","MILTON",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,3538,0,0,2446,0,0,4215,0,0,4336,0,0,3864,0,0,1806,0,0,1204,0,0,2514,0,0,1210,0,0,4046,0,0,4879,0,0,3192,0,0,3717,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,28,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PASSUMPSIC",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,315,0,0,97,0,0,378,0,0,435,0,0,415,0,0,90,0,0,51,0,0,150,0,0,94,0,0,370,0,0,434,0,0,44,0,0,3718,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,30,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PATCH",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,107,0,0,58,0,0,59,0,0,21,0,0,7,0,0,5,0,0,5,0,0,28,0,0,7,0,0,42,0,0,158,0,0,30,0,0,3719,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,34,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PIERCE MLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,113,0,0,81,0,0,121,0,0,180,0,0,161,0,0,59,0,0,47,0,0,47,0,0,17,0,0,102,0,0,181,0,0,116,0,0,3721,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,36,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PITTSFORD",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1275,0,0,941,0,0,158,0,0,47,0,0,-2,0,0,9,0,0,0,0,0,489,0,0,354,0,0,726,0,0,1999,0,0,679,0,0,3722,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,38,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","SALISBURY",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,325,0,0,210,0,0,191,0,0,62,0,0,141,0,0,65,0,0,25,0,0,72,0,0,111,0,0,88,0,0,-6,0,0,303,0,0,3724,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,40,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","SILVER LAKE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,800,0,0,508,0,0,722,0,0,405,0,0,402,0,0,227,0,0,103,0,0,275,0,0,84,0,0,500,0,0,973,0,0,535,0,0,3725,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,41,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","TAFTSVILLE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,150,0,0,135,0,0,208,0,0,200,0,0,119,0,0,12,0,0,0,0,0,17,0,0,-1,0,0,55,0,0,175,0,0,162,0,0,3727,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,44,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","WEYBRIDGE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1391,0,0,616,0,0,1819,0,0,1459,0,0,991,0,0,370,0,0,156,0,0,354,0,0,167,0,0,1042,0,0,2031,0,0,856,0,0,3728,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,45,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PETERSON",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,2522,0,0,1281,0,0,3601,0,0,3092,0,0,2335,0,0,1090,0,0,702,0,0,1605,0,0,681,0,0,2814,0,0,4021,0,0,1742,0,0,3720,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,4,2,22,48,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","RUTLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,13,125,4525,45,327,4198,40,218,3979,19,143,3836,20,127,3709,101,381,3328,272,898,2430,277,932,1498,34,167,3475,-8,46,3429,32,195,3234,152,651,2583,3723,6,50503,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,4,2,22,49,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","ASCUTNEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,27,136,2572,77,326,2246,69,300,1946,18,96,1851,8,65,1786,41,144,1641,268,895,2175,226,765,1409,-1,38,3277,-15,0,3277,-3,71,3206,88,353,2853,3708,6,50503,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,3,2,22,60,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","ST ALBANS",0,"LIGHT OIL",3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,-14,0,89,5,38,214,-11,4,210,-10,5,205,7,17,188,21,40,148,72,149,234,59,123,111,-1,2,110,-3,0,110,-6,0,108,9,42,236,3726,6,50503,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,22,65,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","SMITH",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,361,0,0,154,0,0,495,0,0,658,0,0,519,0,0,163,0,0,121,0,0,123,0,0,72,0,0,258,0,0,692,0,0,170,0,0,3709,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,70,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","EAST BARNET",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,595,0,0,399,0,0,900,0,0,1046,0,0,922,0,0,325,0,0,322,0,0,358,0,0,203,0,0,790,0,0,1148,0,0,702,0,0,788,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,24,5,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","CHARLESTON",0,,3611,"0A",1294,,,95,339,0,0,244,0,0,393,0,0,445,0,0,409,0,0,252,0,0,154,0,0,192,0,0,90,0,0,382,0,0,461,0,0,314,0,0,3729,6,50560,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,24,10,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","NEWPORT",0,,3611,"0A",1294,,,95,1625,0,0,946,0,0,1961,0,0,1655,0,0,1645,0,0,917,0,0,474,0,0,1107,0,0,331,0,0,1614,0,0,2652,0,0,1235,0,0,3731,6,50560,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,3,2,24,15,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","NEWPORT DSL",0,"LIGHT OIL",3611,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,377,16,33,290,0,0,259,0,0,229,0,0,206,0,0,206,0,0,206,7,12,194,8,16,177,0,0,177,0,0,137,0,0,85,3730,6,50560,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,24,20,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","TROY",0,,3611,"0A",1294,,,95,150,0,0,72,0,0,150,0,0,267,0,0,209,0,0,71,0,0,28,0,0,30,0,0,3,0,0,74,0,0,244,0,0,128,0,0,3733,6,50560,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,10,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","ESSEX 19",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,2888,0,0,2870,0,0,4338,0,0,3931,0,0,3261,0,0,980,0,0,333,0,0,1531,0,0,936,0,0,2161,0,0,3540,0,0,2964,0,0,3737,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,3,2,47,10,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","ESSEX 19",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,311,11,27,284,1,1,283,0,0,283,7,16,267,28,61,385,45,85,300,33,65,235,9,19,394,0,0,394,0,0,394,12,25,369,3737,6,51169,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,47,15,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","GORGE NO 18",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,901,0,0,986,0,0,1573,0,0,1661,0,0,1125,0,0,122,0,0,113,0,0,692,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6475,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,20,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","MARSHFIELD6",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,891,0,0,1188,0,0,245,0,0,107,0,0,0,0,0,3,0,0,2,0,0,54,0,0,53,0,0,604,0,0,1300,0,0,430,0,0,3739,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,25,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","MIDDLESEX 2",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,1134,0,0,848,0,0,1580,0,0,1697,0,0,1156,0,0,150,0,0,111,0,0,717,0,0,45,0,0,1158,0,0,2061,0,0,1133,0,0,3740,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,40,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","VERGENNES 9",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,972,0,0,799,0,0,1171,0,0,1224,0,0,968,0,0,441,0,0,247,0,0,499,0,0,318,0,0,590,0,0,1307,0,0,899,0,0,6519,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,3,2,47,40,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","VERGENNES 9",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,15,27,282,68,118,164,15,24,319,5,8,311,4,25,465,108,264,200,174,319,417,163,302,294,20,35,437,3,2,436,2,4,432,35,62,370,6519,6,51169,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,47,53,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","WATRBRY 22",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,2101,0,0,2029,0,0,1441,0,0,318,0,0,823,0,0,444,0,0,464,0,0,1190,0,0,485,0,0,2251,0,0,2609,0,0,1566,0,0,6520,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,55,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","W DANVIL 15",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,445,0,0,146,0,0,507,0,0,509,0,0,301,0,0,77,0,0,87,0,0,220,0,0,103,0,0,544,0,0,661,0,0,151,0,0,3743,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,4,2,47,58,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","BERLIN NO 5",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,32,270,10962,606,1501,9460,21,72,9388,0,0,9338,254,677,8711,731,1834,7632,1214,3039,11011,1354,3377,12369,189,463,14376,681,1521,12855,79,209,12646,389,879,11767,3734,6,51169,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,4,2,47,60,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","COLCHSTR 16",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,7,28,1071,86,296,775,5,25,750,0,0,750,9,33,717,6,26,1583,117,472,1112,76,320,791,0,0,1506,0,0,1506,0,0,1507,0,0,1506,3735,6,51169,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,1,,47,65,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","BOLTON FALL",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,3020,0,0,2253,0,0,3823,0,0,2884,0,0,2258,0,0,636,0,0,502,0,0,1603,0,0,428,0,0,2596,0,0,4478,0,0,2430,0,0,7056,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,7,"D",47,70,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","CARTHUSIANS",0,"N/A",7601,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7260,6,51169,"WI","WI" 13,50,1,1,,73,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BELLOWS FLS",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,22299,0,0,16448,0,0,28735,0,0,22260,0,0,21635,0,0,10244,0,0,6175,0,0,10541,0,0,3991,0,0,19464,0,0,30239,0,0,18843,0,0,3745,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,73,10,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","HARRIMAN",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,14391,0,0,13610,0,0,13092,0,0,2630,0,0,807,0,0,1394,0,0,2040,0,0,2968,0,0,2416,0,0,10136,0,0,16468,0,0,11713,0,0,3746,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,73,15,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","SEARSBURG",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,3120,0,0,2878,0,0,3094,0,0,1942,0,0,1012,0,0,853,0,0,152,0,0,1319,0,0,954,0,0,2077,0,0,3042,0,0,2675,0,0,6529,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,73,18,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","VERNON",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4592,0,0,4182,0,0,5197,0,0,4922,0,0,4427,0,0,2397,0,0,1604,0,0,3525,0,0,1667,0,0,3876,0,0,4946,0,0,3693,0,0,8904,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,73,20,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","WILDER",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,9053,0,0,5888,0,0,8525,0,0,1765,0,0,2559,0,0,1204,0,0,21,0,0,1756,0,0,407,0,0,4556,0,0,8802,0,0,2669,0,0,8905,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,98,5,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","CANAAN",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,729,0,0,718,0,0,805,0,0,483,0,0,569,0,0,345,0,0,252,0,0,190,0,0,195,0,0,728,0,0,765,0,0,738,0,0,3750,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,2,1,135,1,"VT YANKEE NUCLEAR PR CORP","VT YANKEE",0,"NUCLEAR",19796,"0M",1294,,,95,384928,0,0,346136,0,0,192519,0,0,0,0,0,335965,0,0,365673,0,0,371198,0,0,375476,0,0,363210,0,0,389313,0,0,379730,0,0,354361,0,0,3751,6,53128,"UR","ST" 13,50,1,1,,304,1,"VERMONT MARBLE CO","PROCTOR",0,,19794,"0A",1294,,,95,3213,0,0,2009,0,0,3559,0,0,3058,0,0,2032,0,0,1143,0,0,395,0,0,893,0,0,294,0,0,1839,0,0,3796,0,0,1853,0,0,6450,6,53127,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,304,5,"VERMONT MARBLE CO","CTR RUTLAND",0,,19794,"0A",1294,,,95,161,0,0,164,0,0,188,0,0,211,0,0,211,0,0,121,0,0,26,0,0,62,0,0,19,0,0,85,0,0,190,0,0,184,0,0,6453,6,53127,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,304,10,"VERMONT MARBLE CO","BELDENS",0,,19794,"0A",1294,,,95,2174,0,0,1009,0,0,2729,0,0,1624,0,0,972,0,0,405,0,0,95,0,0,369,0,0,149,0,0,1679,0,0,2997,0,0,1013,0,0,6451,6,53127,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,4,2,304,15,"VERMONT MARBLE CO","FLORENCE",0,"LIGHT OIL",19794,"0A",1294,,,95,-2,95,12708,118,200,12076,184,475,11934,674,1762,7457,74,191,4607,157,358,9260,354,1040,6925,210,559,6363,167,435,4707,-11,3,10761,-13,60,8428,167,550,7887,7337,6,53127,"FO2","GT" 13,50,5,1,,520,1,"BARTON (VILLAGE OF)","W CHARLESTN",0,,1299,"0A",1294,,,95,477,0,0,231,0,0,556,0,0,533,0,0,570,0,0,256,0,0,132,0,0,351,0,0,83,0,0,382,0,0,680,0,0,196,0,0,3753,6,50178,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,3,2,520,1,"BARTON (VILLAGE OF)","W CHARLESTN",0,"LIGHT OIL",1299,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,206,14,34,172,0,0,172,0,0,172,1,3,169,19,51,118,39,103,190,42,112,78,7,19,59,0,0,59,0,0,118,10,86,32,3753,6,50178,"FO2","IC" 13,50,5,4,2,536,1,"BURLINGTON (CITY OF)","GAS TURB",0,"LIGHT OIL",2548,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,1628,248,707,868,0,4,2022,0,0,2015,19,66,1949,459,1365,1742,608,1830,1698,485,1472,1476,56,189,1287,0,0,1285,84,242,1001,165,472,1772,3754,6,50375,"FO2","GT" 13,50,5,2,"B",536,10,"BURLINGTON (CITY OF)","J C MC NEIL",0,"WOD CHIPS",2548,"0M",1294,,,95,7742,0,0,12138,0,0,4790,0,0,12108,0,0,15618,0,0,11949,0,0,14425,0,0,8887,0,0,5359,0,0,3746,0,0,10817,0,0,19589,0,0,589,6,50375,"WOD","ST" 13,50,5,2,2,536,10,"BURLINGTON (CITY OF)","J C MC NEIL",0,"LIGHT OIL",2548,"0M",1294,,,95,136,326,2416,132,350,1989,41,99,1826,0,216,1559,0,39,1448,0,22,1351,4,23,1264,0,81,1183,0,52,1021,0,40,945,19,99,3170,24,98,2994,589,6,50375,"FO2","ST" 13,50,5,2,9,536,10,"BURLINGTON (CITY OF)","J C MC NEIL",0,"NAT GAS",2548,"0M",1294,,,95,1750,24386,0,816,12632,0,1337,18689,0,0,2252,0,0,3244,0,0,3721,0,177,4800,0,0,2471,0,0,2396,0,0,2708,0,449,13380,0,2064,47618,0,589,6,50375,"NG","ST" 13,50,5,1,,551,5,"ENOSBURG FALLS (VILLAGE)","KENDALL",0,,5915,"0A",1294,,,95,52,0,0,126,0,0,145,0,0,160,0,0,164,0,0,130,0,0,102,0,0,121,0,0,68,0,0,109,0,0,147,0,0,64,0,0,3757,6,50910,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,3,2,551,10,"ENOSBURG FALLS (VILLAGE)","DIESEL PLT",0,"LIGHT OIL",5915,"0A",1294,,,95,1,5,320,14,24,296,0,1,296,1,3,293,4,13,280,16,34,246,20,37,351,23,44,307,2,6,301,0,0,301,0,0,0,12,21,279,4247,6,50910,"FO2","IC" 13,50,5,1,,551,15,"ENOSBURG FALLS (VILLAGE)","VILLAGE PLT",0,,5915,"0A",1294,,,95,370,0,0,204,0,0,298,0,0,433,0,0,408,0,0,218,0,0,87,0,0,140,0,0,45,0,0,324,0,0,364,0,0,395,0,0,4246,6,50910,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,567,1,"HARDWICK (VILLAGE OF)","WOLCOTT",0,,8104,"0A",1294,,,95,228,0,0,139,0,0,381,0,0,480,0,0,332,0,0,55,0,0,41,0,0,20,0,0,22,0,0,331,0,0,526,0,0,262,0,0,6477,6,51238,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,3,2,567,5,"HARDWICK (VILLAGE OF)","HARDWICK",0,"LIGHT OIL",8104,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,451,0,0,451,0,0,451,0,0,451,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6476,6,51238,"FO2","IC" 13,50,5,1,,644,5,"LYNDONVILLE (CITY OF)","GREAT FALLS",0,,11359,"0A",1294,,,95,160,0,0,115,0,0,308,0,0,489,0,0,746,0,0,350,0,0,273,0,0,122,0,0,171,0,0,457,0,0,558,0,0,437,0,0,3762,6,51721,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,644,10,"LYNDONVILLE (CITY OF)","VAIL",0,,11359,"0A",1294,,,95,100,0,0,71,0,0,99,0,0,123,0,0,225,0,0,93,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,107,0,0,3763,6,51721,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,659,5,"MORRISVILLE (VILLAGE OF)","CADYS FALLS",0,,12989,"0A",1294,,,95,396,0,0,268,0,0,387,0,0,226,0,0,403,0,0,133,0,0,101,0,0,2,0,0,71,0,0,356,0,0,337,0,0,160,0,0,3765,6,51943,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,659,10,"MORRISVILLE (VILLAGE OF)","MORRISVILLE",0,,12989,"0A",1294,,,95,250,0,0,312,0,0,619,0,0,801,0,0,581,0,0,131,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-2,0,0,227,0,0,3764,6,51943,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,659,15,"MORRISVILLE (VILLAGE OF)","W K SANDERS",0,,12989,"0A",1294,,,95,-5,0,0,114,0,0,24,0,0,13,0,0,33,0,0,10,0,0,-1,0,0,38,0,0,-2,0,0,83,0,0,177,0,0,7,0,0,678,6,51943,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,737,5,"SWANTON (VILLAGE OF)","HIGHGATE FL",0,,18371,"0A",1294,,,95,3846,0,0,2084,0,0,5329,0,0,5012,0,0,4484,0,0,2556,0,0,711,0,0,1431,0,0,444,0,0,4486,0,0,6056,0,0,2920,0,0,6618,6,52864,"WAT","HY" 13,50,8,1,,800,5,"VERMONT ELECTRIC COOP","N HARTLAND",0,,19791,"0A",1294,,,95,1260,0,0,415,0,0,212,0,0,990,0,0,623,0,0,190,0,0,90,0,0,4,0,0,8,0,0,484,0,0,1466,0,0,734,0,0,590,6,53125,"WAT","HY" 13,50,8,1,,810,5,"WASHINGTON ELECTRIC COOP","WRIGHTSVILE",0,,20151,"0A",1294,,,95,270,0,0,88,0,0,334,0,0,327,0,0,246,0,0,50,0,0,54,0,0,128,0,0,47,0,0,3224,0,0,418,0,0,153,0,0,7051,6,58100,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,2,1,23,1,"BOSTON EDISON CO","PILGRIM",0,"NUCLEAR",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,494219,0,0,433548,0,0,370903,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,313826,0,0,476983,0,0,486906,0,0,466384,0,0,470820,0,0,479805,0,0,492451,0,0,1590,6,50300,"UR","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,23,15,"BOSTON EDISON CO","EDGAR",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,43,139,1048,160,393,893,25,79,1053,64,124,929,28,74,855,110,379,953,323,950,955,245,760,910,38,108,1040,37,107,933,56,139,1032,134,337,934,1585,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,4,2,23,17,"BOSTON EDISON CO","FRAMINGHAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,141,378,1770,276,681,1804,67,203,1601,44,165,1674,70,215,1698,449,1329,1559,788,2383,1819,766,2306,1658,95,258,1630,53,142,1734,74,277,1695,278,761,1649,1586,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,4,2,23,20,"BOSTON EDISON CO","L STREET",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,18,71,606,223,524,481,31,74,586,101,254,571,64,181,628,302,790,611,232,657,597,450,1241,537,70,195,581,33,121,579,41,95,603,202,478,601,1587,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,2,2,23,25,"BOSTON EDISON CO","MYSTIC",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,251,519,1723,2082,3518,560,0,0,2480,874,1565,1748,1508,2858,1987,1285,2470,2852,2284,4277,1789,1325,2537,1992,119,230,1762,111,219,2019,220,439,1580,238,420,1327,1588,6,50300,"FO2","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,23,25,"BOSTON EDISON CO","MYSTIC",0,"HEAVY OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,112692,212897,634701,250006,389639,396000,28170,35809,578539,46219,75659,622498,47350,81843,540595,74633,131731,529651,114158,195470,453259,65504,114254,339850,9543,16899,623019,18574,33314,589243,137777,234264,549412,333744,539006,466193,1588,6,50300,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,23,25,"BOSTON EDISON CO","MYSTIC",0,"NAT GAS",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,54301,611365,0,41760,387451,0,199825,2260608,0,223483,2242300,0,121095,1295784,0,76698,835115,0,229079,2424349,0,221936,2420968,0,166749,1844575,0,138588,1545200,0,1185,12271,0,4690,47014,0,1588,6,50300,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,23,25,"BOSTON EDISON CO","MYSTIC",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,27,56,491,103,175,435,20,57,497,61,110,506,37,71,435,192,369,532,279,524,365,264,506,455,27,53,523,26,52,471,36,92,498,52,92,444,1588,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,2,2,23,30,"BOSTON EDISON CO","NEW BOSTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,1589,6,50300,"FO2","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,23,30,"BOSTON EDISON CO","NEW BOSTON",0,"HEAVY OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,215120,320592,70394,155709,225131,71506,167349,258313,38374,0,0,38374,0,0,38374,0,0,38374,0,0,38403,0,0,38403,0,0,38403,0,0,38808,0,0,73197,633,1026,94600,1589,6,50300,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,23,30,"BOSTON EDISON CO","NEW BOSTON",0,"NAT GAS",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,151,1334,0,2301,23751,0,201560,2042478,0,231080,2303282,0,366745,3613841,0,376840,3697457,0,381210,3746576,0,337660,3311625,0,328300,3254233,0,343010,3322669,0,159417,1573389,0,1589,6,50300,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,23,40,"BOSTON EDISON CO","WEST MEDWAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,532,1305,6724,2615,5858,6588,305,882,6659,441,1064,6548,648,1783,6907,1922,5806,5619,2304,7193,6789,2376,1139,6841,43,153,6688,33,101,6587,199,636,6665,2492,6199,6929,1592,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,4,9,23,40,"BOSTON EDISON CO","WEST MEDWAY",0,"NAT GAS",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,963,16262,0,363,42170,0,305,906,0,134,2149,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1592,6,50300,"NG","GT" 14,25,1,2,3,25,5,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","BLACKSTONE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,12,9,1622,622,891,254,0,0,0,12,11,3277,4,9,3067,8,31,3303,19,66,3122,71,286,2313,8,25,2707,0,0,2900,388,267,2375,216,151,3016,1594,6,50412,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,25,5,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","BLACKSTONE",0,"NAT GAS",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,643,3052,0,809,7234,0,0,0,0,329,1924,0,176,2782,0,306,7064,0,840,18553,0,641,16359,0,98,2009,0,0,0,0,26,113,0,3,12,0,1594,6,50412,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,25,10,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","KENDALL SQ",0,"HEAVY OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,1966,3331,44639,4440,7426,46357,571,1025,43350,551,1184,40895,279,518,39729,76,146,39422,226,384,45928,178,367,45253,473,969,43288,91,206,42859,6937,10643,43043,10035,14044,33074,1595,6,50412,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,25,10,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","KENDALL SQ",0,"NAT GAS",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,8305,87563,0,5498,57215,0,7487,85115,0,6963,94695,0,6096,81153,0,7445,90078,0,8638,93009,0,7941,103714,0,6154,79756,0,5898,84299,0,580,5629,0,447,3954,0,1595,6,50412,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,25,10,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","KENDALL SQ",0,"LIGHT OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,0,0,1889,173,442,1930,0,0,1930,10,26,1904,381,951,1671,340,886,1969,587,1240,1863,822,2088,2078,160,754,1323,0,0,1561,0,0,1561,183,453,1925,1595,6,50412,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,2,3,25,15,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","CANAL",0,"HEAVY OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,162391,279085,64428,147412,254620,37606,178077,310890,35916,210807,342420,34150,172965,296386,68134,149960,274442,64297,204907,357210,66759,386648,623547,65078,202416,316252,66152,59087,109907,66707,307766,492512,64272,421791,645524,63446,1599,6,50412,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,3,2,25,25,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","OAK BLUFFS",0,"LIGHT OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,0,0,1131,70,125,1006,0,0,1006,3,6,1000,58,98,1011,55,97,1035,183,321,1005,196,350,1036,1,4,1032,0,0,1159,6,15,1144,63,118,1026,1597,6,50412,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,3,2,25,30,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","W TISBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,0,0,2023,42,87,1936,0,0,1936,2,4,1932,38,68,1918,40,70,1848,243,439,1711,204,373,1827,0,0,1827,0,0,2044,5,18,2026,47,98,1928,6049,6,50412,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,3,2,25,35,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","AIRPORT DIE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,2,4,65,20,32,57,6,9,48,14,26,23,3,17,6,0,6,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7184,6,50412,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,4,2,46,1,"FITCHBURG GAS & ELEC LGT","FITCHBURG",0,"LIGHT OIL",6374,"0M",1294,,,95,113,320,1233,544,1372,812,0,0,1289,68,210,1079,120,416,1139,539,1444,1109,663,1798,2154,708,1974,1126,70,191,2125,49,166,1960,0,0,1960,461,1173,2216,1601,6,50990,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,1,,59,5,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","BB HOLBROOK",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,215,0,0,12,0,0,439,0,0,48,0,0,0,0,0,-4,0,0,-2,0,0,111,0,0,7,0,0,88,0,0,177,0,0,95,0,0,1602,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,7,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","CHEMICAL",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,390,0,0,65,0,0,264,0,0,560,0,0,1378,0,0,-3,0,0,-2,0,0,33,0,0,-2,0,0,199,0,0,228,0,0,152,0,0,1604,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,10,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","HADLEY FLLS",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,19318,0,0,16252,0,0,20835,0,0,17997,0,0,1047,0,0,10005,0,0,4815,0,0,8945,0,0,1536,0,0,13795,0,0,19251,0,0,19209,0,0,1605,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,15,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","RIVERSIDE",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,2283,0,0,798,0,0,2407,0,0,2806,0,0,1058,0,0,-32,0,0,-28,0,0,236,0,0,-31,0,0,991,0,0,1475,0,0,1658,0,0,1607,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,20,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","BOATLOCK",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,1401,0,0,440,0,0,1465,0,0,1749,0,0,-1985,0,0,-45,0,0,34,0,0,364,0,0,188,0,0,1015,0,0,1030,0,0,1719,0,0,1603,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,21,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","SKINNER",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,1087,0,0,-990,0,0,135,0,0,122,0,0,0,0,0,-3,0,0,-3,0,0,10,0,0,-5,0,0,48,0,0,88,0,0,144,0,0,1608,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,2,2,59,23,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","MT TOM",0,"LIGHT OIL",8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,253,312,334,85,74,223,86,144,363,96,161,0,210,338,471,128,216,400,63,106,0,319,575,0,148,244,0,283,596,339,311,528,442,268,461,289,1606,6,51327,"FO2","ST" 14,25,1,2,6,59,23,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","MT TOM",0,"BIT COAL",8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,83436,31625,65901,94304,36568,48767,100316,38568,48417,92219,34981,57613,86828,32256,68520,89522,33641,55040,96838,37232,50903,67013,26869,64337,58083,21428,72102,20300,9635,85211,75120,28714,96373,83498,33548,87268,1606,6,51327,"BIT","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,85,1,"MONTAUP ELECTRIC COMPANY","SOMERSET",0,"HEAVY OIL",12833,"0M",1294,,,95,5362,8778,70647,3605,6271,64376,3682,6389,57987,572,894,57093,4068,7388,49705,3861,6474,101371,1808,3090,98281,1729,8455,89825,4071,6826,83000,7484,12748,70251,8762,14647,55605,1259,3587,97942,1613,6,56511,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,6,85,1,"MONTAUP ELECTRIC COMPANY","SOMERSET",0,"BIT COAL",12833,"0M",1294,,,95,57318,21462,76767,61443,26125,64290,61730,25219,52529,14739,5125,47404,25607,10149,50811,58410,21998,42203,65563,26654,42553,52228,21241,48670,53057,20314,65856,44642,17190,76089,48433,18499,83931,70559,26084,98563,1613,6,56511,"BIT","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,85,1,"MONTAUP ELECTRIC COMPANY","SOMERSET",0,"LIGHT OIL",12833,"0M",1294,,,95,143,374,5116,433,1118,3998,115,229,3769,65,186,3583,285,740,4510,629,1593,4110,1349,3410,5229,1777,4429,5348,136,348,5000,0,0,4999,5,26,5687,653,1369,4318,1613,6,56511,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,3,2,90,15,"NANTUCKET ELEC CO","NANTUCKET",0,"LIGHT OIL",13206,"0M",1294,,,95,7539,12658,2602,7625,13184,8503,7218,12056,5494,6969,12757,2261,7465,13354,7937,7820,14759,9687,10453,19444,7486,10644,19689,5848,7894,13523,10626,6823,12246,7898,7832,14492,3042,9557,16800,2912,1615,6,51977,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,1,,96,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","DEERFIELD 2",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,3908,0,0,2952,0,0,3971,0,0,2045,0,0,1064,0,0,520,0,0,442,0,0,617,0,0,404,0,0,2016,0,0,3583,0,0,2747,0,0,6047,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,10,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","DEERFIELD 3",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4040,0,0,3243,0,0,4233,0,0,2293,0,0,1182,0,0,848,0,0,445,0,0,722,0,0,460,0,0,1885,0,0,3570,0,0,3116,0,0,6083,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,15,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","DEERFIELD 4",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,3691,0,0,2835,0,0,3555,0,0,1674,0,0,865,0,0,673,0,0,414,0,0,621,0,0,420,0,0,1920,0,0,3135,0,0,2638,0,0,6119,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,20,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","DEERFIELD 5",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,8684,0,0,6946,0,0,8699,0,0,2314,0,0,807,0,0,564,0,0,515,0,0,177,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3382,0,0,5810,0,0,1620,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,25,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","SHERMAN",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4117,0,0,3467,0,0,4264,0,0,1151,0,0,407,0,0,439,0,0,377,0,0,602,0,0,527,0,0,2183,0,0,3889,0,0,2917,0,0,6012,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,2,3,96,27,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BRAYTON PT",0,"HEAVY OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,40093,74054,435541,65951,116563,318656,49098,75749,438283,41100,69916,368366,2212,5326,519600,0,0,519442,0,0,519401,488,4266,515767,0,0,516617,0,0,516584,7553,10954,505630,71672,125949,379784,1619,6,52007,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,6,96,27,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BRAYTON PT",0,"BIT COAL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,657136,245754,255528,538158,200282,277893,335153,130042,379361,336389,128159,523785,552184,203304,520224,709319,259373,461575,714608,267126,390587,681408,256270,431828,600517,222478,518312,676108,250140,322224,643066,226804,159986,692743,256541,166201,1619,6,52007,"BIT","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,96,27,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BRAYTON PT",0,"NAT GAS",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,2475,65992,0,19895,234494,0,87264,1046891,0,115149,1305242,0,165738,1925331,0,192541,2159965,0,121121,1465806,0,138514,1578722,0,90677,1067560,0,7950,208839,0,642,50267,0,499,65467,0,1619,6,52007,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,3,2,96,27,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BRAYTON PT",0,"LIGHT OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,48,91,0,168,321,0,49,91,0,66,120,0,149,212,0,229,427,0,434,803,0,429,813,0,49,97,0,17,33,0,0,0,0,122,221,0,1619,6,52007,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,2,3,96,33,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","SALEM HABR",0,"HEAVY OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4216,6811,427550,19621,51462,372000,43825,80929,296042,52176,100975,196885,88546,157427,294207,74155,134469,405510,143472,245061,157683,78033,135040,315193,15952,29894,481681,10242,22800,451257,31856,63264,446411,130138,177251,300301,1626,6,52007,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,6,96,33,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","SALEM HABR",0,"BIT COAL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,170230,67910,116594,174526,68827,87604,182421,75469,107334,180983,73494,87888,123760,53441,145441,149482,64633,132065,157915,67184,148469,169338,69504,116124,140768,59871,93091,133365,56779,72780,147538,65216,99054,158287,70574,72828,1626,6,52007,"BIT","ST" 14,25,1,3,2,96,40,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","GLOUCESTER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,180,400,1027,365,1056,1255,495,500,1183,191,320,863,798,1430,1148,331,615,1333,398,757,1219,767,1957,1197,100,165,1033,0,0,1031,2,3,1465,491,918,1190,1624,6,52007,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,3,2,96,50,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","NEWBURYPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,23,31,898,242,431,942,1,0,943,124,222,720,79,135,986,279,516,828,384,714,746,466,834,770,24,47,723,5,10,715,0,0,929,200,360,998,1625,6,52007,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,1,,96,55,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","FIFE BROOK",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4107,0,0,3775,0,0,4880,0,0,1321,0,0,312,0,0,338,0,0,198,0,0,494,0,0,291,0,0,2274,0,0,4150,0,0,3161,0,0,8004,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,60,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BEAR SWAMP",0,"P-PUMPSTG",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,-17861,61325,0,-15324,57381,0,-16082,58258,0,-15241,53916,0,-14630,56226,0,-16812,61971,0,-18159,63682,0,-15902,62948,0,-16995,61404,0,-17477,62001,0,-15650,58713,0,-16215,58454,0,8005,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,5,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","CABOT",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,27350,0,0,20962,0,0,33562,0,0,28813,0,0,2450,0,0,11373,0,0,5730,0,0,10888,0,0,1060,0,0,21360,0,0,32264,0,0,23532,0,0,1629,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,10,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","COBBLE MT",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,2687,0,0,2401,0,0,3134,0,0,1490,0,0,613,0,0,1371,0,0,1579,0,0,2606,0,0,404,0,0,934,0,0,679,0,0,2257,0,0,1630,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,12,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","DWIGHT",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,541,0,0,520,0,0,744,0,0,709,0,0,972,0,0,422,0,0,241,0,0,219,0,0,137,0,0,316,0,0,187,0,0,450,0,0,6378,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,20,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","GARDER FLS",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,1535,0,0,1501,0,0,2140,0,0,1273,0,0,591,0,0,393,0,0,159,0,0,373,0,0,244,0,0,740,0,0,1394,0,0,1292,0,0,1634,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,30,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","IND ORCHARD",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,1913,0,0,854,0,0,1614,0,0,786,0,0,661,0,0,177,0,0,8,0,0,59,0,0,4,0,0,434,0,0,1375,0,0,741,0,0,6379,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,32,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","PUTTS BRDGE",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,224,0,0,252,0,0,1368,0,0,249,0,0,550,0,0,741,0,0,249,0,0,393,0,0,186,0,0,1233,0,0,1150,0,0,251,0,0,1637,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,33,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","RED BRIDGE",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,2265,0,0,1259,0,0,1699,0,0,1592,0,0,1025,0,0,689,0,0,212,0,0,256,0,0,150,0,0,1248,0,0,7724,0,0,1271,0,0,1638,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,35,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","TURNERS FL",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,1180,0,0,-9,0,0,2580,0,0,457,0,0,2357,0,0,3,0,0,320,0,0,753,0,0,1529,0,0,1437,0,0,3487,0,0,96,0,0,6388,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,37,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","NORTHFLD MT",0,"P-PUMPSTG",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,-40582,142177,0,-33131,122422,0,-34507,127754,0,-38191,123876,0,-53574,130653,0,-54650,139615,0,-65287,149806,0,-58299,150495,0,-60095,144418,0,-65178,152081,0,-51403,135668,0,-54958,140849,0,547,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,4,2,145,38,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","DOREEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,50,156,956,319,789,738,14,84,997,11,135,1029,31,63,967,166,460,863,117,360,1099,422,1231,1099,69,204,1073,-10,0,1073,34,122,951,162,418,771,1631,6,53266,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,2,2,145,55,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","W SPRINGFLD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,0,0,533,101,224,458,0,0,458,19,36,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,379,1642,6,53266,"FO2","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,145,55,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","W SPRINGFLD",0,"HEAVY OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,3033,6175,75421,4119,8425,75374,344,607,80604,1867,3252,77352,19,33,77318,750,1321,75997,1456,2596,73401,758,1343,72058,0,0,72058,0,0,72923,2320,5181,76520,13739,24402,55074,1642,6,53266,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,145,55,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","W SPRINGFLD",0,"NAT GAS",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,2167,27681,0,81,1046,0,24872,278755,0,28674,316564,0,33801,372726,0,33691,376470,0,34950,395433,0,39329,440670,0,21443,242289,0,3420,45099,0,110,1547,0,158,1773,0,1642,6,53266,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,145,55,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","W SPRINGFLD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,45,159,682,84,220,801,-17,0,801,-12,0,801,-3,12,789,108,297,6777,282,717,1096,319,633,977,0,0,977,0,0,977,0,0,977,0,0,977,1642,6,53266,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,4,2,145,60,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","WOODLAND RD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,38,127,1027,218,623,814,3,20,1144,11,96,1048,22,56,992,219,604,924,341,963,1130,373,1030,1017,32,105,1090,-7,0,1090,5,59,1032,156,398,534,1643,6,53266,"FO2","GT" 14,25,5,3,2,532,5,"BRAINTREE (CITY OF)","POTTER",0,"LIGHT OIL",2144,"0M",1294,,,95,1,3,0,40,86,0,2,4,0,8,15,0,18,33,0,0,0,0,66,37,0,90,173,0,8,15,0,16,29,0,0,0,0,47,86,0,1660,6,50315,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,5,9,532,5,"BRAINTREE (CITY OF)","POTTER",0,"WASTE HT",2144,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1660,6,50315,"NG","CC" 14,25,5,6,2,532,5,"BRAINTREE (CITY OF)","POTTER",0,"LIGHT OIL",2144,"0M",1294,,,95,597,1163,3860,1950,3916,4922,529,946,3897,722,1243,2632,0,0,2595,0,0,2595,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,418,803,0,0,0,0,563,1271,0,1660,6,50315,"FO2","CT" 14,25,5,6,9,532,5,"BRAINTREE (CITY OF)","POTTER",0,"NAT GAS",2144,"0M",1294,,,95,6985,76876,0,16116,164048,0,4161,42418,0,25648,268544,0,6647,61554,0,0,0,0,6439,68107,0,22225,231091,0,11633,125960,0,2826,30097,0,605,6473,0,2795,30378,0,1660,6,50315,"NG","CT" 14,25,5,1,,597,5,"HOLYOKE (CITY OF)","HOLYOKE",0,,8776,"0M",1294,,,95,1039,0,0,94,0,0,1200,0,0,538,0,0,244,0,0,216,0,0,169,0,0,308,0,0,243,0,0,308,0,0,843,0,0,63,0,0,9864,6,51325,"WAT","HY" 14,25,5,2,3,597,5,"HOLYOKE (CITY OF)","HOLYOKE",0,"HEAVY OIL",8776,"0M",1294,,,95,-34,8,21223,-7,161,18597,-32,0,17335,-149,242,9944,-157,0,11105,-26,144,12014,197,918,10400,173,751,10383,0,0,21744,-26,2,23445,-45,21,21407,48,571,24539,9864,6,51325,"FO6","ST" 14,25,5,2,9,597,5,"HOLYOKE (CITY OF)","HOLYOKE",0,"NAT GAS",8776,"0M",1294,,,95,-406,548,0,-47,7095,0,-432,0,0,-151,1508,0,-180,0,0,-82,2775,0,358,10343,0,495,13260,0,-282,0,0,-300,136,0,-310,907,0,116,8617,0,9864,6,51325,"NG","ST" 14,25,5,3,2,602,1,"HUDSON (CITY OF)","CHERRY ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",8973,"0A",1294,,,95,126,216,6535,468,801,5733,24,47,5687,49,79,5608,60,99,5509,136,242,5267,334,576,4687,237,442,10028,21,36,9992,0,0,9992,0,0,9992,0,613,9379,9038,6,51362,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,3,9,602,1,"HUDSON (CITY OF)","CHERRY ST",0,"NAT GAS",8973,"0A",1294,,,95,16,177,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,27,276,0,223,2327,0,514,5353,0,813,8555,0,1067,10973,0,248,2679,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,9038,6,51362,"NG","IC" 14,25,5,3,2,613,1,"IPSWICH (CITY OF)","IPSWICH",0,"LIGHT OIL",9442,"0A",1294,,,95,3,144,1524,185,504,1020,-44,84,928,26,97,839,45,81,751,112,229,1817,221,430,1388,171,335,1053,42,71,981,0,0,1991,0,13,1901,70,285,1616,1670,6,51411,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,3,9,613,1,"IPSWICH (CITY OF)","IPSWICH",0,"NAT GAS",9442,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,-7,91,0,26,564,0,193,2049,0,356,4180,0,540,6225,0,488,5467,0,218,2149,0,0,0,0,0,164,0,0,0,0,1670,6,51411,"NG","IC" 14,25,5,3,2,630,20,"MARBLEHEAD (CITY OF)","COMM ST 2",0,"LIGHT OIL",11624,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,134,30,54,153,0,0,124,1,4,109,8,23,86,22,43,163,30,67,96,40,77,139,3,3,134,0,0,129,0,0,107,16,31,153,6585,6,51769,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,3,2,630,25,"MARBLEHEAD (CITY OF)","WILKINS STA",0,"LIGHT OIL",11624,"0A",1294,,,95,24,42,422,242,404,495,3,4,490,17,25,466,41,67,398,140,249,387,184,331,532,214,384,390,17,34,833,0,0,831,0,0,833,105,187,646,6586,6,51769,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,4,2,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"LIGHT OIL",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,868,1812,0,3250,6760,0,1070,2159,0,1016,2152,0,1531,3641,0,3583,7206,0,6923,15010,0,5440,12228,0,1296,2825,0,251,525,0,0,0,0,2081,4355,0,6081,6,56516,"FO2","GT" 14,25,5,5,2,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"LIGHT OIL",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,4867,0,0,4882,0,0,1895,0,0,0,0,0,1645,0,0,1298,0,0,2909,0,0,2231,0,0,542,0,0,137,0,0,778,0,0,7866,0,0,6081,6,56516,"FO2","CC" 14,25,5,5,9,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"WASTE HT",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,667,6409,0,33,225,0,713,7903,0,38860,226425,0,32080,282829,0,30410,271547,0,30355,268417,0,22281,199679,0,16911,152536,0,13731,126250,0,649,6336,0,0,0,0,6081,6,56516,"NG","CC" 14,25,5,6,2,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"LIGHT OIL",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,16765,34499,275954,17076,35625,171066,1732,3145,164811,15194,31318,130811,4458,10049,117055,3259,6474,203614,7129,14689,223923,5719,12097,199458,1427,2966,193410,406,852,191674,2974,6318,192851,24527,50346,140778,6081,6,56516,"FO2","CT" 14,25,5,6,9,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"NAT GAS",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,2298,22081,0,33,225,0,7123,78947,0,38860,226425,0,85133,750563,0,75927,677993,0,74156,655728,0,57044,511219,0,44278,399380,0,38588,354794,0,2475,24166,0,0,0,0,6081,6,56516,"NG","CT" 14,25,5,4,2,668,10,"PEABODY (CITY OF)","WATERS RIVR",0,"LIGHT OIL",14605,"0M",1294,,,95,4,11,7009,461,990,6019,3,13,6006,114,218,5789,218,411,5378,259,572,4806,1447,3081,5724,79,204,5787,0,0,5770,0,0,5770,0,0,5770,751,1304,4214,1678,6,52270,"FO2","GT" 14,25,5,4,9,668,10,"PEABODY (CITY OF)","WATERS RIVR",0,"NAT GAS",14605,"0M",1294,,,95,71,948,0,818,8676,0,0,0,0,298,3898,0,500,6079,0,1161,14052,0,735,10563,0,2810,34245,0,871,10971,0,16,244,0,0,0,0,136,1612,0,1678,6,52270,"NG","GT" 14,25,5,3,2,695,1,"SHREWSBURY (CITY OF)","SHREWSBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",17127,"0A",1294,,,95,-48,53,1717,-20,96,1621,-72,0,1621,-59,0,1621,-27,43,1577,28,133,1444,206,450,994,393,793,1630,-12,58,1571,-52,4,1568,-66,0,1568,5,146,1421,6125,6,52653,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,2,3,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,707,1487,45484,117,274,41056,124,1171,40232,227,881,38944,154,338,18232,1782,3821,13122,1997,4404,13146,1671,3714,26632,1017,1981,30701,285,1042,41468,209,665,43572,1269,2308,3691,1682,6,52885,"FO6","ST" 14,25,5,5,3,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,2588,4259,0,3074,4987,0,7,71,0,264,1016,0,10569,21610,0,5376,8750,0,7132,10296,0,7761,11325,0,6430,8473,0,269,1218,0,135,435,0,7563,7563,0,1682,6,52885,"FO6","CC" 14,25,5,5,9,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"NAT GAS",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,88,2162,0,0,0,0,0,7,0,70,898,0,11828,118101,0,7953,72245,0,11517,102477,0,3409,38796,0,275,3743,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1682,6,52885,"NG","CC" 14,25,5,6,2,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,600,1721,500,1175,3321,414,0,10,405,0,0,405,23,155,250,230,719,0,424,1426,393,75,247,983,20,69,920,0,0,922,172,601,798,1596,4611,881,1682,6,52885,"FO2","CT" 14,25,5,6,3,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1682,6,52885,"FO6","CT" 14,25,5,6,9,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"NAT GAS",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,215,3547,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,9,220,0,91,2523,0,3269,55134,0,3573,59309,0,4974,79500,0,4776,58796,0,188,2751,0,2,41,0,0,0,0,1682,6,52885,"NG","CT" 15,44,1,3,2,59,1,"BLOCK ISLAND POWER CO","BLOCK ISL",0,"LIGHT OIL",1857,"0A",1294,,,95,640,929,1894,560,757,1368,454,801,1953,666,926,2412,871,1183,2384,728,1492,1815,1748,2173,1258,1686,2317,1251,852,1532,1104,890,1214,1044,683,904,1044,537,1042,1378,6567,6,50270,"FO2","IC" 15,44,1,2,3,60,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","MANCHSTR ST",0,"HEAVY OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6954,6984,12805,21121,8031,15471,21089,11950,17787,9381,10642,17134,20900,3236,6,52007,"FO6","ST" 15,44,1,2,6,60,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","MANCHSTR ST",0,"BIT COAL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3236,6,52007,"BIT","ST" 15,44,1,2,9,60,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","MANCHSTR ST",0,"NAT GAS",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,185,6790,0,5496,108488,0,22180,283931,0,57696,544903,0,43911,426261,0,200212,1571059,0,273062,2060878,0,3236,6,52007,"NG","ST" 15,44,1,3,2,71,5,"NEWPORT ELECTRIC CORP","ELDRED",0,"LIGHT OIL",13549,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,912,146,241,919,0,0,916,14,24,893,280,476,872,38,285,806,254,445,603,431,759,765,53,97,884,0,0,884,30,55,818,186,311,942,3240,6,52046,"FO2","IC" 15,44,1,3,2,71,15,"NEWPORT ELECTRIC CORP","JEPSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",13549,"0A",1294,,,95,10,19,1047,104,179,864,0,0,1112,13,24,1094,58,103,998,35,303,926,228,421,966,339,620,1037,31,56,977,0,0,977,0,0,977,162,273,920,3241,6,52046,"FO2","IC" 15,44,5,1,,600,1,"PROVIDENCE (CITY OF)","PROVIDENCE",0,,15440,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3245,6,52404,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,21,1,"GILMAN BROTHERS CO","GILMAN",0,,6885,"0A",1294,"R",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,536,6,50309,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,5,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","BULLS BRDGE",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,4542,0,0,3859,0,0,4535,0,0,4526,0,0,711,0,0,1545,0,0,596,0,0,576,0,0,83,0,0,3291,0,0,5258,0,0,4512,0,0,541,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,15,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","ROBERTSVLE",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,228,0,0,144,0,0,74,0,0,117,0,0,0,0,0,23,0,0,4,0,0,14,0,0,1,0,0,58,0,0,0,0,0,7,0,0,549,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,20,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","ROCKY RIVER",0,"C-PUMPSTG",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,-532,573,0,-108,831,0,-5011,4942,0,-3890,3881,0,-2483,2464,0,-30,0,0,-50,160,0,-45,941,0,-34,0,0,-295,262,0,3242,0,0,3543,0,0,539,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,25,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","SCOTLAND DM",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1196,0,0,762,0,0,1285,0,0,753,0,0,65,0,0,169,0,0,32,0,0,83,0,0,9,0,0,401,0,0,43,0,0,524,0,0,551,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,28,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","SHEPAUG",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,19987,0,0,8510,0,0,16746,0,0,8668,0,0,479,0,0,3113,0,0,1323,0,0,1665,0,0,561,0,0,4280,0,0,17593,0,0,9586,0,0,552,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,30,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","STEVENSON",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,14594,0,0,6873,0,0,12878,0,0,7022,0,0,5946,0,0,2333,0,0,1155,0,0,1565,0,0,585,0,0,7574,0,0,15018,0,0,7269,0,0,553,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,33,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","TAFTVILLE",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1047,0,0,773,0,0,1181,0,0,662,0,0,0,0,0,286,0,0,106,0,0,168,0,0,58,0,0,376,0,0,802,0,0,539,0,0,554,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,35,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","TUNNEL",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1344,0,0,790,0,0,1127,0,0,808,0,0,808,0,0,130,0,0,51,0,0,62,0,0,13,0,0,528,0,0,1238,0,0,756,0,0,557,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,4,2,37,35,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","TUNNEL",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,92,241,1121,148,413,1052,-10,0,1052,8,34,1017,-9,0,1017,174,492,1054,399,1075,1028,391,1123,1060,-10,0,1060,-9,0,1060,-8,0,1060,247,642,1013,557,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,4,2,37,37,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","COS COB",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,338,879,6366,1004,2550,5530,-6,0,6730,61,328,6402,100,252,6836,1043,2766,6164,1606,4183,6744,1574,4512,6417,89,372,6045,10,115,5931,-7,47,5884,478,1250,6205,542,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,2,37,40,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","DEVON",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,4,7,607,26,48,738,10,19,719,8,14,705,6,12,693,5,10,683,12,21,662,5,10,652,35,67,586,12,21,564,10,19,545,126,250,652,544,6,50651,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,37,40,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","DEVON",0,"HEAVY OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1691,2896,140820,5317,8938,131882,6310,10503,160145,2309,3909,156236,1040,1748,154488,1026,1746,152742,366,624,152118,0,0,152118,0,0,152118,1119,1895,186866,0,0,223227,52715,95704,164704,544,6,50651,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,9,37,40,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","DEVON",0,"NAT GAS",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,139882,1480772,0,125833,1333372,0,140034,1484076,0,74718,805341,0,129292,1364215,0,113222,1209824,0,134347,1440396,0,141005,1520883,0,84240,919763,0,92690,988325,0,85651,910220,0,1027,11734,0,544,6,50651,"NG","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,37,40,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","DEVON",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,-8,0,826,52,143,1016,-6,0,1016,11,41,975,15,50,924,93,252,873,213,464,899,323,840,1155,12,42,1113,14,46,864,-8,0,864,126,312,755,544,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,2,37,45,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MONTVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,79,187,224,71,184,282,0,0,277,35,81,316,26,52,254,126,275,254,225,460,205,169,342,281,13,78,193,-9,27,344,11,35,57,248,530,404,546,6,50651,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,37,45,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MONTVILLE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,19404,42123,179930,11903,28403,229734,496,984,267130,8852,18669,287361,73,131,287230,16090,31789,255441,33046,60820,194621,29759,54794,250449,448,2452,286041,-459,1261,284780,4782,14127,272628,50192,96782,219079,546,6,50651,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,9,37,45,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MONTVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,2644,35575,0,1337,19886,0,14239,177907,0,15760,209674,0,26332,300080,0,15321,191070,0,33080,384304,0,29657,341116,0,660,22744,0,-410,7132,0,948,17617,0,2622,31910,0,546,6,50651,"NG","ST" 16,9,1,3,2,37,45,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MONTVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,5,11,429,51,91,429,3,5,429,21,47,429,5,10,429,32,60,429,47,88,429,44,82,429,5,10,429,0,0,429,7,15,429,14,27,429,546,6,50651,"FO2","IC" 16,9,1,2,2,37,46,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","NORWALK HAR",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1942,3751,1166,1049,1831,1166,1411,2570,1166,801,1409,746,830,1566,1275,1306,2393,1275,1212,2164,1208,1005,1793,1129,448,996,1090,743,1549,1201,1863,3623,816,1573,2830,1073,548,6,50651,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,37,46,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","NORWALK HAR",0,"HEAVY OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,61485,109340,281515,116317,186438,251428,53269,89422,277523,112195,177490,244461,49615,86635,387526,72024,117143,423659,87276,142042,395624,69104,110519,365065,12764,26032,444868,12966,24423,458286,56112,97835,437824,98414,160154,343905,548,6,50651,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,37,46,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","NORWALK HAR",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,"R",550,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,-12,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,548,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,1,,37,60,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","BANTAM",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,166,0,0,122,0,0,177,0,0,99,0,0,0,0,0,24,0,0,2,0,0,9,0,0,0,0,0,66,0,0,182,0,0,126,0,0,6457,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,65,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","FLS VILLAGE",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,6485,0,0,3067,0,0,6148,0,0,4269,0,0,57,0,0,1043,0,0,359,0,0,386,0,0,86,0,0,3283,0,0,6134,0,0,3241,0,0,560,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,4,2,37,70,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","FRANKLIN DR",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,87,251,1073,112,303,770,-21,0,770,6,41,429,9,45,1229,156,508,1033,386,937,931,385,1480,880,-11,0,808,-12,0,808,-14,0,0,109,306,1000,561,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,2,37,75,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MIDDLETOWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,52,116,72,106,200,205,37,72,134,69,119,181,93,171,177,62,115,62,142,274,121,143,283,195,159,331,184,25,61,123,89,174,116,58,124,159,562,6,50651,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,37,75,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MIDDLETOWN",0,"HEAVY OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,28156,57773,619646,82338,144562,470965,28954,52136,494722,112799,180932,367774,91771,154447,321716,103385,178821,285273,180564,315539,192342,120265,219668,308678,14240,27382,395204,9172,20697,432521,29631,53865,465010,116423,197687,379501,562,6,50651,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,37,75,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MIDDLETOWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,0,0,986,60,155,998,2,12,986,0,0,986,18,56,1096,133,235,803,220,518,962,326,864,969,6,21,948,0,0,946,0,0,936,0,0,936,562,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,"C",37,80,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","S MEADOW",0,"REFUSE",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,36668,0,0,31584,0,0,30750,0,0,36558,0,0,4988,0,0,38064,0,0,35273,0,0,35840,0,0,37803,0,0,39379,0,0,36583,0,0,40236,0,0,563,6,50651,"GEO","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,37,80,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","S MEADOW",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,547,1286,33605,2263,5797,27807,-4,195,27613,257,794,4952,465,1373,43574,2527,6621,35953,4081,8784,28189,3486,11650,34410,234,1143,29931,-49,0,29931,56,271,29660,2479,6072,23588,563,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,4,2,37,85,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","TORRINGTN T",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,80,183,802,-19,0,802,9,49,753,4,24,729,-6,0,1062,163,373,867,4081,6864,28189,583,1059,947,4,16,931,-7,0,931,-8,0,931,173,446,1006,565,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,4,2,37,90,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","BRANFORD",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,-23,0,993,-11,0,993,-12,0,983,-9,0,993,-12,0,993,-15,0,963,303,888,1170,580,1248,981,112,115,1073,-7,12,1061,12,62,999,103,312,1042,540,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,1,45,1,"CONN YANKEE ATOMIC PWR CO","HADDAM NECK",0,"NUCLEAR",4187,"0M",1294,,551,95,349804,0,0,-2724,0,0,-2714,0,0,80321,0,0,411060,0,0,385019,0,0,346822,0,0,397229,0,0,404771,0,0,427136,0,0,421633,0,0,435253,0,0,558,6,50652,"UR","ST" 16,9,1,1,,70,1,"FARMINGTON RIVER POWER CO","RAINBOW",0,,6207,"0A",1294,,,95,4465,0,0,2602,0,0,3654,0,0,2574,0,0,1712,0,0,1108,0,0,787,0,0,842,0,0,700,0,0,2530,0,0,4222,0,0,2756,0,0,559,6,50970,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,2,1,85,1,"NORTHEAST NUCL ENERGY CO","MILLSTONE",0,"NUCLEAR",21687,"0M",1294,,553,95,474794,0,0,424364,0,0,479164,0,0,452923,0,0,470915,0,0,397551,0,0,307242,0,0,369216,0,0,459416,0,0,478184,0,0,46176,0,0,-2630,0,0,566,6,50005,"UR","ST" 16,9,1,2,1,85,2,"NORTHEAST NUCL ENERGY CO","MILLSTONE",0,"NUCLEAR",21687,"0M",1294,,553,95,-2968,0,0,-3117,0,0,-2841,0,0,12840,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-8427,0,0,340333,0,0,625348,0,0,645987,0,0,618792,0,0,511064,0,0,566,6,50005,"UR","ST" 16,9,1,2,1,85,3,"NORTHEAST NUCL ENERGY CO","MILLSTONE",0,"NUCLEAR",21687,"0M",1294,,553,95,853882,0,0,758672,0,0,851613,0,0,328284,0,0,0,0,0,594786,0,0,853005,0,0,844847,0,0,822134,0,0,852985,0,0,817800,0,0,422956,0,0,566,6,50005,"UR","ST" 16,9,1,2,2,159,3,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","BRDGEPT HBR",0,"LIGHT OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,289,498,533,83,144,555,103,183,538,278,575,297,94,164,466,159,276,523,127,224,632,239,436,363,60,105,591,207,368,557,52,92,465,58,101,530,568,6,53003,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,159,3,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","BRDGEPT HBR",0,"HEAVY OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,12678,20036,157706,31465,49414,142873,1716,2749,140124,28015,51807,143380,11615,18496,124884,34707,55499,150609,43253,69685,122107,18699,30642,149294,6814,10677,163242,4908,7842,155400,4195,6665,148735,54634,86347,0,568,6,53003,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,6,159,3,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","BRDGEPT HBR",0,"BIT COAL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,193441,73716,182983,223214,85285,166858,221070,86802,148636,4755,2176,201542,224862,86475,170775,217578,84500,168741,225684,88542,121774,166492,67303,123827,199715,77070,157924,143992,56780,199095,198867,77375,176894,249682,95223,163986,568,6,53003,"BIT","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,159,3,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","BRDGEPT HBR",0,"LIGHT OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,4,8,549,151,259,469,0,0,647,5,12,635,10,18,617,12,22,595,145,256,696,308,560,493,63,111,560,0,0,560,9,16,545,75,130,594,568,6,53003,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,2,159,5,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","ENGLISH",0,"LIGHT OIL",19497,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,569,6,53003,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,159,5,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","ENGLISH",0,"HEAVY OIL",19497,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,569,6,53003,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,2,159,12,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","N HAVEN HBR",0,"LIGHT OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,876,1540,484,437,731,468,424,737,445,327,564,583,511,892,406,254,441,667,361,632,570,401,702,762,359,651,646,23,502,680,959,1741,546,779,1314,482,6156,6,53003,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,159,12,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","N HAVEN HBR",0,"HEAVY OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,104071,166097,286634,171042,260046,151260,95848,151028,241794,147390,227183,379543,69013,110799,306351,74009,117219,286218,97251,153426,333078,88533,139665,374595,39346,64393,310202,163,3184,307018,72476,120773,186245,162959,252660,0,6156,6,53003,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,9,159,12,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","N HAVEN HBR",0,"NAT GAS",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,31250,307224,0,64504,630374,0,76077,749979,0,81590,800742,0,99404,985733,0,49501,489902,0,13044,134068,0,34,4180,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6156,6,53003,"NG","ST" 16,9,5,1,,556,5,"NORWICH (CITY OF)","SECOND ST",0,,13831,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5,0,0,174,0,0,101,0,0,67,0,0,17,0,0,180,0,0,272,0,0,324,0,0,580,6,52123,"WAT","HY" 16,9,5,1,,556,10,"NORWICH (CITY OF)","OCCUM",0,,13831,"0A",1294,,,95,516,0,0,356,0,0,529,0,0,370,0,0,225,0,0,257,0,0,63,0,0,95,0,0,42,0,0,215,0,0,420,0,0,292,0,0,582,6,52123,"WAT","HY" 16,9,5,1,,556,13,"NORWICH (CITY OF)","TENTH ST",0,,13831,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,83,0,0,0,0,0,113,0,0,54,0,0,255,0,0,534,0,0,636,0,0,583,6,52123,"WAT","HY" 16,9,5,4,2,556,20,"NORWICH (CITY OF)","N MAIN ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",13831,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,1935,53,168,1767,0,0,1767,0,0,1767,23,56,1711,62,161,1550,402,1007,1693,531,1325,1518,0,0,1518,0,0,1518,0,0,1518,117,296,2388,581,6,52123,"FO2","GT" 16,9,5,3,2,560,1,"SOUTH NORWALK (CITY OF)","SO NORWALK",0,"LIGHT OIL",17569,"0A",1294,,,95,50,90,1114,84,147,1614,27,49,1523,27,45,1455,71,123,1331,70,125,1235,242,444,819,209,351,1604,20,34,1570,2,4,1736,9,13,1671,98,158,1418,6598,6,52704,"FO2","IC" 16,9,5,2,3,567,1,"WALLINGFORD (CITY OF)","PIERCE",0,"HEAVY OIL",20038,"0A",1294,,,95,0,15,1540,368,1067,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,146,445,1873,0,0,1873,0,0,1873,0,0,1873,6635,6,53175,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,1,,35,10,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DASHVILLE",0,,3249,"0M",1294,,,95,2381,0,0,502,0,0,1130,0,0,814,0,0,844,0,0,273,0,0,156,0,0,52,0,0,6,0,0,1173,0,0,1735,0,0,901,0,0,2481,6,50484,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,35,18,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","NEVERSINK",0,,3249,"0M",1294,,,95,4408,0,0,4221,0,0,4645,0,0,2716,0,0,2618,0,0,2849,0,0,10968,0,0,9289,0,0,3298,0,0,2724,0,0,2482,0,0,4970,0,0,2483,6,50484,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,35,20,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","STURGEON PL",0,,3249,"0M",1294,,,95,9300,0,0,4140,0,0,8251,0,0,4665,0,0,3127,0,0,1123,0,0,872,0,0,359,0,0,111,0,0,5834,0,0,7954,0,0,3663,0,0,2486,6,50484,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,3,35,25,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DANSKAMMER",0,"HEAVY OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,10567,2887,4585,13091,0,0,13091,0,0,13091,377,619,12472,1176,2123,10349,198,406,9943,0,0,9943,0,0,9943,0,0,9943,16,30,9913,0,0,9913,2480,6,50484,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,35,25,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DANSKAMMER",0,"BIT COAL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,180547,67912,176943,208851,77841,149786,144579,54893,173619,180437,67955,164986,58267,23110,161831,149627,57630,163884,131893,51114,152154,127793,49654,170960,144488,55872,134561,60315,24424,150152,137406,60589,138420,208309,77898,129136,2480,6,50484,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,35,25,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DANSKAMMER",0,"NAT GAS",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,12788,136338,0,5348,58875,0,52133,554622,0,1003,12881,0,26410,269381,0,9355,110458,0,50047,563362,0,64005,727957,0,42268,475832,0,72329,806049,0,21208,238996,0,526,5007,0,2480,6,50484,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,35,25,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DANSKAMMER",0,"LIGHT OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,38,70,119,10,15,278,29,38,240,10,9,231,5,9,222,30,55,167,29,60,281,48,81,200,48,99,274,48,83,191,38,76,289,9,16,273,2480,6,50484,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,35,35,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","SOUTH CAIRO",0,"LIGHT OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,74,178,2486,0,0,2486,0,0,2486,0,0,2486,13,31,2455,198,577,1878,16,34,1844,70,197,1647,0,0,2719,0,0,2719,39,93,2626,18,49,2577,2485,6,50484,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,35,40,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","W COXSACKIE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,2487,6,50484,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,35,40,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","W COXSACKIE",0,"NAT GAS",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,90,1181,0,32,427,0,0,0,0,45,632,0,59,962,0,631,9351,0,109,1557,0,530,7243,0,0,0,0,52,789,0,180,2430,0,69,1043,0,2487,6,50484,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,35,45,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","ROSETON JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,1744,3069,2289,782,1361,3014,1071,2036,2369,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,17,2525,654,2512,1229,581,1004,2137,8006,6,50484,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,35,45,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","ROSETON JO",0,"HEAVY OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,49649,80148,781308,157108,249990,495225,13890,23984,478029,0,0,478029,0,0,478029,0,0,604069,0,0,604069,0,0,604069,0,0,604069,0,0,589640,1356,4755,599314,189513,299562,451927,8006,6,50484,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,35,45,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","ROSETON JO",0,"NAT GAS",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,33526,336575,0,69660,692555,0,24026,260204,0,0,0,0,177930,1880760,0,186946,1950511,0,310122,3310810,0,247281,2627847,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2849,61824,0,7068,69278,0,8006,6,50484,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,1,,35,50,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","HIGH FALLS",0,,3249,"0M",1294,,,95,1184,0,0,92,0,0,1122,0,0,69,0,0,143,0,0,23,0,0,26,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,340,0,0,1057,0,0,170,0,0,579,6,50484,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,37,5,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","CARVERS FLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,921,0,0,597,0,0,1182,0,0,1121,0,0,691,0,0,250,0,0,18,0,0,58,0,0,0,0,0,391,0,0,1196,0,0,502,0,0,6456,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,3,40,1,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ARTHUR KILL",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,7328,11940,18519,0,0,18519,0,0,18519,0,0,18513,0,0,18513,2490,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,1,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ARTHUR KILL",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,-1408,17220,0,-1393,16473,0,-1276,5546,0,42517,495291,0,55216,582417,0,194234,1938196,0,301093,2957985,0,278373,2754690,0,147636,1480827,0,-1783,3561,0,-1398,5,0,-1433,5,0,2490,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,1,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ARTHUR KILL",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,13,44,1913,67,194,1823,0,0,1823,36,79,1744,215,635,1882,298,918,2083,566,1739,2154,371,1201,1884,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2490,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,1,40,2,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","INDIAN PT",0,"NUCLEAR",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,562851,0,0,52711,0,0,-6970,0,0,-3790,0,0,-13730,0,0,241777,0,0,674078,0,0,678357,0,0,681364,0,0,661697,0,0,694091,0,0,636105,0,0,2497,6,50653,"UR","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,40,3,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ASTORIA",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,44284,69523,204071,87234,136417,162405,51168,80603,150832,37361,58624,135192,36339,59441,192317,36196,59149,130130,89762,143025,106180,87335,138221,98117,59995,93814,117887,54037,87216,125085,64568,101738,117638,289554,461968,161157,8906,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,3,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ASTORIA",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,270672,2666431,0,244705,2376465,0,354262,3528212,0,241575,2383868,0,275033,2732177,0,466083,4630924,0,417404,4132582,0,422777,4216725,0,331846,3235732,0,333120,3377003,0,267480,2653281,0,78615,787377,0,8906,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,3,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ASTORIA",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,1484,3523,70541,935,2176,68112,695,1314,66869,1270,3125,63744,1033,2385,61076,1517,3666,57410,5121,12698,44790,1655,4191,48468,794,1989,67296,758,1842,65454,651,1541,63965,4785,11328,52945,8906,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,40,3,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ASTORIA",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,1238,16825,0,4723,63317,0,9436,102713,0,19761,279920,0,13199,175023,0,14602,203072,0,50641,721027,0,30754,443611,0,22755,324431,0,10683,150198,0,29807,410036,0,1300,17862,0,8906,6,50653,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,5,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","EAST RIVER",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,48411,100447,260377,52328,112594,251467,22577,46041,196293,14368,29471,111609,10915,20599,75923,9443,18148,129321,17347,33410,143239,17145,35799,154704,57,119,208820,391,883,155405,24581,53489,125358,26299,56899,135819,2493,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,5,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","EAST RIVER",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,22936,297706,0,16423,222129,0,33740,432005,0,32894,424765,0,83114,976015,0,52018,626673,0,74759,901280,0,43540,571392,0,62070,814818,0,38780,549257,0,26334,362630,0,4079,55677,0,2493,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,40,8,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","59TH STREET",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,134,711,28019,-168,0,13932,-186,0,17029,-180,0,14663,-186,0,16921,-180,0,14962,-186,0,34238,-186,0,28013,0,0,18655,-186,0,24175,-180,0,21506,-186,0,15408,2503,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,8,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","59TH STREET",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-180,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2503,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,8,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","59TH STREET",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2421,12,43,2379,0,0,2379,34,63,2315,382,920,2169,220,532,2101,517,1422,2132,154,399,2018,0,0,2018,0,0,2018,0,0,2019,0,0,2019,2503,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,40,10,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","GOWANUS",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,3431,10187,54995,3032,8863,61517,3332,9885,51514,5596,16946,54888,9656,30399,58173,10867,35156,51183,35078,112111,54362,18095,69179,54055,9925,32320,51120,3062,9091,61678,11850,35551,63660,11082,31386,52408,2494,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,40,17,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","INDIAN PT",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,10,470,1357,110,334,1476,0,0,1438,10,26,1387,190,648,1553,120,502,1367,618,1994,1429,339,1276,1561,10,65,1518,10,49,1466,70,568,1361,10,79,1524,2497,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,18,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","HUDSON AVE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,13942,16640,116475,22892,27677,121761,19571,25683,88715,5881,7513,112117,13579,17821,145862,8960,11221,121321,17004,23012,156902,16358,21789,184711,8488,11589,233738,9039,12876,207818,15377,22058,190563,21649,30797,210122,2496,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,18,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","HUDSON AVE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,32,106,3790,262,520,3270,24,63,4088,0,0,4088,318,932,4131,366,1254,4363,1154,3982,3948,684,2253,4361,44,148,4212,7,28,4185,255,954,4157,0,0,4471,2496,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,40,23,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","NARROWS BAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,1815,5002,70995,2374,6488,64363,3121,8503,70742,4829,13085,57595,4696,13259,61188,7112,20641,70359,14360,43802,86922,0,0,86754,113,310,61193,358,1046,60146,2527,7040,53007,5977,17365,64411,2499,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,40,23,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","NARROWS BAY",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,160,2545,0,0,0,0,1437,23105,0,3151,50378,0,5478,91177,0,7841,132409,0,26727,472807,0,23321,410674,0,8725,137237,0,6684,112244,0,14121,266734,0,726,12168,0,2499,6,50653,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,25,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","RAVENSWOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,56562,96769,43835,156038,248776,28947,15866,27428,34677,22910,42845,42500,30055,54093,37926,31922,55970,39660,31596,55334,44269,54612,90412,42941,11656,19796,32055,4144,7555,26939,45172,77641,44297,97823,181018,43354,2500,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,25,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","RAVENSWOOD",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,209768,2234824,0,193780,1928735,0,161992,1747544,0,161776,1895581,0,200509,2260799,0,241862,2659354,0,377330,4132582,0,492580,5112387,0,269868,2872681,0,121326,1378858,0,190022,2065045,0,34903,408143,0,2500,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,25,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","RAVENSWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,317,1144,40469,1114,3166,37304,412,1109,36195,1364,3752,32443,0,0,32613,292,765,31848,1020,2785,39004,707,2001,37003,43,116,38759,232,819,37940,91,256,37684,3105,8078,40525,2500,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,40,25,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","RAVENSWOOD",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,699,14506,0,461,7543,0,1614,25061,0,3849,61087,0,2639,36379,0,6191,93115,0,11215,178768,0,7292,120354,0,2766,43431,0,1873,38571,0,2782,45521,0,533,8123,0,2500,6,50653,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,30,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","74TH STREET",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,4001,11849,37330,7337,16422,1428,4042,7539,1190,6302,7774,1190,11192,14181,1190,8567,12004,1190,7521,9483,1190,3846,5472,1365,3937,4892,1428,-949,0,1429,3253,6242,1429,3602,5677,1429,2504,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,30,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","74TH STREET",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,-13,0,1690,-11,0,2143,-12,0,2083,-12,0,1952,-3,12,1881,-12,0,1762,-12,24,1738,-13,0,1747,-12,0,1548,-12,0,1524,-12,0,1595,-12,0,2202,2504,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,40,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","WATERSIDE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,3119,5797,0,25178,41438,0,1003,1798,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,146,266,0,2502,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,40,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","WATERSIDE",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,59934,697096,0,47441,490868,0,53623,603408,0,39082,449151,0,37250,448243,0,36423,288224,0,55999,633276,0,55829,627391,0,38346,480259,0,35286,396996,0,48220,540897,0,63071,723341,0,2502,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,40,50,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","OIL STORAGE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2766499,0,0,2324286,0,0,2545579,0,0,2254272,0,0,1899927,0,0,1649376,0,0,1484314,0,0,1332860,0,0,1420463,0,0,1532278,0,0,1814997,0,0,1473629,8801,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,60,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","OIL STORAGE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,204071,0,0,265070,0,0,259969,0,0,242953,0,0,247234,0,0,245330,0,0,259288,0,0,251578,0,0,241219,0,0,257945,0,0,250930,0,0,243796,8802,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,40,65,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","BUCHANAN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,55,213,3746,295,599,4326,12,22,4481,20,42,4440,199,586,4211,634,1857,4497,979,2573,4452,907,2783,4475,35,172,4303,63,247,4282,398,1093,4230,56,191,4039,4233,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,1,,49,5,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","DEXTER",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,2082,0,0,1260,0,0,2412,0,0,1860,0,0,1134,0,0,690,0,0,834,0,0,558,0,0,666,0,0,1998,0,0,2619,0,0,1908,0,0,2505,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,10,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","PYRITES #1",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,228,0,0,53,0,0,337,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2506,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,12,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","PYRITES #2",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,2658,0,0,1453,0,0,3335,0,0,2856,0,0,2370,0,0,1044,0,0,630,0,0,678,0,0,606,0,0,2458,0,0,3186,0,0,2166,0,0,7031,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,15,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","HAILESBORO",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,1037,0,0,706,0,0,1087,0,0,1097,0,0,854,0,0,509,0,0,415,0,0,624,0,0,389,0,0,982,0,0,1159,0,0,780,0,0,6573,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,20,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","FOWLER",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,426,0,0,394,0,0,515,0,0,491,0,0,515,0,0,316,0,0,245,0,0,349,0,0,250,0,0,398,0,0,507,0,0,434,0,0,6572,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,25,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","#6 MILL",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,471,0,0,407,0,0,463,0,0,491,0,0,394,0,0,231,0,0,201,0,0,313,0,0,208,0,0,384,0,0,494,0,0,499,0,0,453,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,50,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","COPENHAGEN",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,1176,0,0,560,0,0,1460,0,0,1532,0,0,460,0,0,108,0,0,360,0,0,112,0,0,312,0,0,1396,0,0,1884,0,0,924,0,0,742,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,55,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","DIAMOND IS",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,665,0,0,468,0,0,733,0,0,702,0,0,504,0,0,251,0,0,228,0,0,190,0,0,239,0,0,583,0,0,773,0,0,616,0,0,2553,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,60,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","THERESA",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,752,0,0,606,0,0,800,0,0,836,0,0,556,0,0,150,0,0,78,0,0,202,0,0,34,0,0,710,0,0,842,0,0,794,0,0,2618,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,70,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","#3 MILL",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,456,0,0,350,0,0,485,0,0,483,0,0,398,0,0,240,0,0,157,0,0,294,0,0,180,0,0,283,0,0,456,0,0,346,0,0,743,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,75,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","GOODYEAR LK",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,640,0,0,400,0,0,757,0,0,542,0,0,315,0,0,166,0,0,49,0,0,25,0,0,19,0,0,171,0,0,575,0,0,550,0,0,7358,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,3,2,59,1,"FISHERS IS ELEC CORP (THE","FISHERS ISL",0,"LIGHT OIL",6369,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6575,6,50989,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,87,1,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","W BABYLON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-9,0,10978,184,398,10580,-10,0,10580,-8,0,10580,-10,0,10580,-10,0,10580,1589,3799,6781,1012,2525,9994,-8,0,9994,23,63,9931,12,52,9878,-6,0,9878,2521,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,189,351,31,0,0,31,0,0,0,0,0,0,2511,6,51685,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,7679,13204,183912,19277,32691,151221,6888,12026,167809,7622,13054,154755,21364,35883,118872,5001,8521,110351,0,0,100351,0,0,150055,0,0,176621,0,0,176621,4499,7876,168745,30931,52133,130983,2511,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,88641,923891,0,72376,743992,0,119516,1265049,0,108791,1129535,0,161464,1644681,0,176300,1817157,0,201713,2124759,0,207176,2182914,0,194067,2023621,0,176719,1855067,0,152642,1622397,0,111293,1143313,0,2511,6,51685,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,89,272,21050,2511,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,2584,48858,0,2455,39578,0,396,9580,0,7540,115964,0,15423,241318,0,13024,203027,0,13183,202506,0,13611,214090,0,2215,41056,0,3367,60239,0,3070,49795,0,1324,23100,0,2511,6,51685,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,87,5,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","FAR ROCKWAY",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,2513,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,87,5,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","FAR ROCKWAY",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,35652,370173,0,-382,0,0,37901,413154,0,47344,499677,0,39814,418408,0,43785,454694,0,44918,522402,0,46370,490439,0,46043,485717,0,32114,356625,0,40424,437203,0,48243,507731,0,2513,6,51685,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,87,15,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","GLENWOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2514,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,87,15,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","GLENWOOD",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,57152,656357,0,88875,989013,0,43090,513102,0,64609,758501,0,65972,764067,0,85437,987225,0,91585,1053103,0,91614,1044546,0,87436,984844,0,70615,831640,0,65930,771090,0,72860,814525,0,2514,6,51685,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,87,15,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","GLENWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-13,0,28987,348,833,28155,-2,113,28042,-10,0,28042,-15,0,28042,308,112,27929,1020,3353,24576,1330,3635,20941,-16,0,20941,52,122,20819,-18,0,20787,-15,0,20787,2514,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,3,2,87,17,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E HAMPTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-6,0,971,33,69,902,-4,4,898,-6,0,898,-1,8,890,2,12,878,464,935,369,527,862,816,51,112,705,-6,0,705,-1,4,915,0,3,911,2512,6,51685,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,87,17,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E HAMPTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-17,0,2876,-11,17,2859,-15,0,2859,-9,0,2859,-4,25,2834,34,116,2718,2330,5851,265,2246,5851,2259,76,212,2471,-10,0,2471,27,113,2789,-12,0,2789,2512,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,87,18,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","SOUTHOLD",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-8,0,2716,-15,0,2716,-15,0,2716,-11,0,2716,-9,0,2716,14,79,2637,79,316,2534,39,174,2784,-8,0,2784,-8,0,2784,33,160,2624,-15,0,2624,2520,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,87,21,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","NORTHPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,393,703,2446,1919,3360,10568,787,1448,10918,244,438,10694,0,0,10694,1255,2346,10708,543,987,10787,859,1604,10653,1224,1286,10857,0,0,11070,42,78,10992,866,1558,10948,2516,6,51685,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,87,21,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","NORTHPORT",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,251839,410183,917940,419721,669714,545119,137170,230153,627264,93546,156459,751601,4614,7948,743653,138528,235371,730114,232571,387065,831393,198326,339587,780654,65679,111985,948390,0,0,1048629,13006,22156,1026473,263245,435054,787488,2516,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,87,21,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","NORTHPORT",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,161173,1656185,0,109357,1099738,0,179917,1902183,0,179876,1858552,0,249772,2620522,0,277680,2980882,0,392501,4094975,0,395601,4243388,0,332956,3533654,0,339896,3613412,0,310631,3313635,0,259449,2673147,0,2516,6,51685,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,87,21,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","NORTHPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-16,0,2030,-16,0,2030,11,87,1943,-13,0,1943,-12,0,1943,-8,15,1928,10,25,1904,24,175,1729,-2,17,1712,-7,0,0,-15,0,1290,-10,0,1506,2516,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,3,2,87,23,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","SHOREHAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2518,6,51685,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,87,23,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","SHOREHAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-4,0,10375,81,259,11414,11,38,11377,-7,0,11377,340,528,10848,91,128,10720,441,1417,9303,551,846,15679,5,41,15638,18,32,15605,-4,0,15605,-7,3,15602,2518,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,87,24,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","P JEFFERSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,505,940,248,368,651,173,451,865,267,430,769,71,340,624,210,273,507,271,308,573,265,205,379,265,120,230,224,260,511,310,181,337,162,173,317,229,2517,6,51685,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,87,24,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","P JEFFERSON",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,83231,142447,374658,116002,187180,292517,84682,149701,363973,88134,146337,217636,86246,147673,240914,86540,147162,367784,119762,202643,388397,116504,197519,283029,62653,110443,267311,37059,67418,404544,57551,98596,305948,73017,122780,291514,2517,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,87,24,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","P JEFFERSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,14,70,2055,36,150,1905,-16,0,1905,-11,0,1905,30,100,1805,15,79,1726,94,282,1444,49,175,2118,-8,0,2118,2,49,2069,-12,0,2069,-14,0,2069,2517,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,87,26,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","SOUTHAMPTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-16,0,2575,22,137,2438,-17,0,2438,-9,0,2438,-4,9,2430,36,153,2277,200,649,2266,170,698,2628,-11,0,2628,-8,0,2628,-2,0,2628,-18,0,2628,2519,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,3,2,87,29,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","MONTAUK",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-6,0,685,34,66,619,-6,0,619,-6,0,619,0,0,619,2,46,572,274,574,424,184,319,529,57,109,420,-6,0,420,0,23,611,-6,0,611,2515,6,51685,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,87,30,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","HOLTSVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,3418,7966,65483,2730,6945,98989,1349,3183,95807,3573,8991,86815,1220,3009,83806,4957,12317,71489,13538,28073,71475,15481,41712,89159,785,2396,86763,-94,234,86529,427,1487,85042,2296,5778,79264,8007,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,87,35,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","BROOKHAVEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,2290,4982,38416,2652,6010,38901,226,279,38622,3165,6704,37310,6210,13571,28376,6235,12488,40846,9816,21210,30472,9736,19194,39142,-52,0,39142,113,688,40071,528,1470,40751,2660,5996,37572,7146,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,1,,100,1,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","CADYVILLE",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,2289,0,0,1760,0,0,2697,0,0,2249,0,0,2033,0,0,1277,0,0,1043,0,0,1271,0,0,873,0,0,1835,0,0,2411,0,0,1256,0,0,2522,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,3,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MILL 'C'",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,1082,0,0,1120,0,0,1325,0,0,1217,0,0,1424,0,0,918,2,0,782,0,0,1153,0,0,591,0,0,1982,0,0,2696,0,0,728,0,0,6486,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,8,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","HIGH FALLS",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,8036,0,0,6467,0,0,9348,0,0,7548,0,0,6945,0,0,4111,0,0,3127,0,0,4402,0,0,2270,0,0,1885,0,0,8998,0,0,6023,0,0,2530,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,9,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","KENT FALLS",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,4267,0,0,3614,0,0,5729,0,0,4500,0,0,4403,0,0,2459,0,0,1821,0,0,2011,0,0,1112,0,0,2429,0,0,0,0,0,2462,0,0,2532,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,11,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","KEUKA",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,479,0,0,618,0,0,1104,0,0,424,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,246,0,0,368,0,0,87,0,0,2533,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,18,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","RAINBOW FLS",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,844,0,0,484,0,0,1136,0,0,1424,0,0,2008,0,0,1044,0,0,972,0,0,828,0,0,572,0,0,920,0,0,1432,0,0,800,0,0,6526,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,20,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","SENECA FLS",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,929,0,0,0,0,0,237,0,0,418,0,0,57,0,0,12,0,0,35,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,144,0,0,1097,0,0,1515,0,0,6525,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,26,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","WATERLOO",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,218,0,0,0,0,0,91,0,0,167,0,0,47,0,0,38,0,0,63,0,0,15,0,0,0,0,0,28,0,0,273,0,0,435,0,0,2538,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,100,28,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","GOUDEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,4,6,902,7,12,922,38,860,816,166,1093,889,115,412,787,23,40,755,14,25,726,19,34,1012,88,159,674,17,29,652,15,27,781,57,99,755,2526,6,52036,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,28,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","GOUDEY",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,49140,18404,38386,47957,17309,33487,38535,14154,31196,29944,11570,19706,47570,19243,17396,46082,17833,16951,48114,18609,8401,48907,19270,14458,47509,18547,11816,46734,17563,21803,47743,17962,29205,49938,18814,16951,2526,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,2,100,30,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","GREENIDGE",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,49,84,1482,143,249,1673,49,85,1663,69,118,1503,97,194,1276,101,268,963,140,255,1024,312,565,929,134,232,1184,28,65,1082,27,47,1003,135,254,963,2527,6,52036,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,30,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","GREENIDGE",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,59064,22369,46139,64896,24628,34337,56536,21560,33567,61588,23327,27754,60141,23147,16512,44718,17812,44179,56844,23346,35975,63282,25535,39483,33115,12718,51031,52461,19935,48906,51733,19814,48981,79778,32545,44179,2527,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,32,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","HICKLING",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,29937,25353,59845,37278,28317,42388,31428,24287,26231,36848,29367,9739,25540,20965,7417,26619,21486,11619,19927,15033,13417,19292,17747,12211,16109,14260,19398,15799,13125,25995,15584,11444,38506,16518,14020,11619,2529,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,"B",100,34,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","JENNISON",0,"WOOD CHIP",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,1937,0,0,2506,0,0,1706,0,0,446,0,0,510,0,0,631,0,0,0,0,0,966,0,0,1443,0,0,1357,0,0,215,0,0,517,0,0,2531,6,52036,"WOD","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,34,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","JENNISON",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,18813,12027,31771,27918,18374,13300,18598,13682,9272,12405,9568,1166,10568,8258,1035,8066,6810,737,10639,7167,2889,9803,7780,5121,7664,6371,9926,7104,5362,9933,11173,7198,8195,18436,12369,737,2531,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,2,100,35,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MILLIKEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,206,337,1812,188,320,1856,273,465,1873,142,244,1879,53,94,1978,249,452,1841,116,209,1815,158,288,1863,211,385,1831,258,462,1670,59,105,1738,26,47,1841,2535,6,52036,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,35,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MILLIKEN",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,192258,68792,79141,180255,67185,80127,183681,68408,89806,153861,58397,69230,98273,37927,98714,132074,52498,118633,185234,73165,90889,184163,73756,101056,131693,53020,97110,185372,73940,102961,167135,65625,99048,191784,76075,118633,2535,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,100,35,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MILLIKEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,0,20,38,0,3,84,0,104,107,0,54,144,0,1,38,0,-64,39,0,10,20,0,0,1,0,12,39,0,11,44,0,17,32,0,2535,6,52036,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,3,2,100,40,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","HARRIS LAKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,-11,0,405,0,0,349,0,0,0,-4,0,313,0,0,260,0,0,242,64,122,269,12,25,244,2,0,436,0,0,357,0,0,290,-13,0,242,2528,6,52036,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,1,,100,43,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MECHANICVLE",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,9072,0,0,6867,0,0,9702,0,0,6867,0,0,4347,0,0,2961,0,0,1134,0,0,2331,0,0,1953,0,0,5670,0,0,12663,0,0,8946,0,0,625,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,100,50,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","KINTIGH",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,219,378,4169,770,1322,2904,474,811,3335,953,1656,3113,165,283,2839,314,543,2288,879,1523,3426,394,685,2738,627,1087,4124,1183,2162,2118,626,1094,4657,509,873,2288,6082,6,52036,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,50,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","KINTIGH",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,429496,166336,132032,393694,148405,142690,419527,160683,178911,416807,160659,178855,418612,159916,174957,381565,146069,162034,348178,133246,124345,413546,158604,73112,376458,141570,75380,181079,73253,130474,363691,142233,133771,423315,159637,162034,6082,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,1,105,1,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NINE MILE P",0,"NUCLEAR",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,368414,0,0,58742,0,0,0,0,0,332154,0,0,459193,0,0,439571,0,0,434942,0,0,437261,0,0,420930,0,0,452099,0,0,441551,0,0,459844,0,0,2589,6,52053,"UR","ST" 21,36,1,2,1,105,2,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NINE MILE P",0,"NUCLEAR",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,694823,0,0,533574,0,0,742888,0,0,149501,0,0,0,0,0,575400,0,0,821880,0,0,766368,0,0,443850,0,0,845303,0,0,824493,0,0,841323,0,0,2589,6,52053,"UR","ST" 21,36,1,1,,105,5,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALLENS FLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2087,0,0,1758,0,0,2479,0,0,2662,0,0,2344,0,0,1289,0,0,1268,0,0,1240,0,0,1099,0,0,2308,0,0,2305,0,0,2092,0,0,2540,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,10,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BALDWINSVLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,205,0,0,112,0,0,221,0,0,171,0,0,60,0,0,7,0,0,-3,0,0,16,0,0,1,0,0,57,0,0,217,0,0,140,0,0,2542,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,15,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BELFORT",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,861,0,0,751,0,0,805,0,0,464,0,0,550,0,0,561,0,0,714,0,0,764,0,0,730,0,0,557,0,0,1171,0,0,1354,0,0,2544,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,20,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BENNETTS B",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10231,0,0,5759,0,0,9838,0,0,5346,0,0,4404,0,0,1938,0,0,-33,0,0,313,0,0,5443,0,0,9001,0,0,13335,0,0,6313,0,0,2545,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,25,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BLACK RIVER",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3477,0,0,2422,0,0,3823,0,0,3907,0,0,2562,0,0,1270,0,0,1501,0,0,948,0,0,1559,0,0,3563,0,0,4456,0,0,3477,0,0,2546,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,30,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BLAKE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,6604,0,0,6486,0,0,5072,0,0,2962,0,0,3721,0,0,3715,0,0,672,0,0,2828,0,0,1682,0,0,3534,0,0,9144,0,0,6300,0,0,2547,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,35,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BROWNS FLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,6785,0,0,3738,0,0,4510,0,0,1724,0,0,1746,0,0,1866,0,0,545,0,0,2901,0,0,1160,0,0,4896,0,0,7492,0,0,3767,0,0,2548,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,40,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","CHASM",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1902,0,0,1138,0,0,1426,0,0,1777,0,0,1751,0,0,1323,0,0,994,0,0,1236,0,0,1014,0,0,1752,0,0,1795,0,0,1489,0,0,2550,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,45,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","COLTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,20600,0,0,18761,0,0,20043,0,0,13701,0,0,15937,0,0,15548,0,0,9456,0,0,14510,0,0,7469,0,0,15049,0,0,2073,0,0,19935,0,0,2551,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,50,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","DEFERIET",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,4478,0,0,3495,0,0,5869,0,0,5234,0,0,3642,0,0,1740,0,0,1638,0,0,1204,0,0,1248,0,0,5355,0,0,7027,0,0,4656,0,0,2552,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,65,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EAGLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2653,0,0,2021,0,0,2505,0,0,1200,0,0,1421,0,0,1737,0,0,2331,0,0,1979,0,0,2045,0,0,1398,0,0,3203,0,0,3777,0,0,2555,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,70,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EEL WEIR",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,866,0,0,622,0,0,964,0,0,803,0,0,524,0,0,203,0,0,115,0,0,125,0,0,7,0,0,655,0,0,1332,0,0,994,0,0,2556,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,75,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EFFLEY",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1093,0,0,986,0,0,1153,0,0,580,0,0,694,0,0,845,0,0,905,0,0,982,0,0,900,0,0,740,0,0,1558,0,0,1767,0,0,2557,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,80,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ELMER",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,812,0,0,575,0,0,796,0,0,380,0,0,439,0,0,552,0,0,441,0,0,640,0,0,593,0,0,496,0,0,1010,0,0,1135,0,0,2559,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,85,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ET NORFOLK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2479,0,0,1995,0,0,2559,0,0,1703,0,0,1975,0,0,1859,0,0,1059,0,0,1731,0,0,851,0,0,1883,0,0,2471,0,0,2519,0,0,2561,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,90,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FIVE FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10795,0,0,10405,0,0,8347,0,0,4782,0,0,5926,0,0,5896,0,0,3396,0,0,5619,0,0,2631,0,0,5807,0,0,14654,0,0,10198,0,0,2562,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,95,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FLAT ROCK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1503,0,0,871,0,0,1489,0,0,592,0,0,450,0,0,401,0,0,136,0,0,528,0,0,169,0,0,1414,0,0,1912,0,0,876,0,0,2563,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,98,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FRANKLIN F",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,775,0,0,767,0,0,1052,0,0,613,0,0,385,0,0,496,0,0,336,0,0,352,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,2564,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,100,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FULTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,464,0,0,333,0,0,608,0,0,437,0,0,459,0,0,300,0,0,406,0,0,363,0,0,304,0,0,474,0,0,653,0,0,625,0,0,2566,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,105,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","GRANBY",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,5845,0,0,3502,0,0,6558,0,0,1324,0,0,640,0,0,477,0,0,-38,0,0,491,0,0,-42,0,0,3025,0,0,5404,0,0,5157,0,0,2569,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,110,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HANNAWA",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,5253,0,0,4772,0,0,5248,0,0,3332,0,0,4051,0,0,3941,0,0,2329,0,0,3797,0,0,1747,0,0,1086,0,0,2696,0,0,5321,0,0,2571,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,115,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HERRINGS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1980,0,0,1586,0,0,2151,0,0,2116,0,0,1509,0,0,629,0,0,705,0,0,371,0,0,337,0,0,1747,0,0,2341,0,0,2187,0,0,2572,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,120,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HEUVELTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,458,0,0,468,0,0,484,0,0,556,0,0,455,0,0,254,0,0,195,0,0,277,0,0,149,0,0,433,0,0,506,0,0,588,0,0,2573,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,125,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HIGH DAM 6",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,1863,0,0,2023,0,0,1494,0,0,922,0,0,725,0,0,989,0,0,179,0,0,2024,0,0,2607,0,0,3766,0,0,2574,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,126,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HIGH FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2622,0,0,1900,0,0,2648,0,0,1268,0,0,1439,0,0,1814,0,0,2106,0,0,1998,0,0,1847,0,0,1571,0,0,3045,0,0,3527,0,0,2575,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,130,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HIGLEY",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3414,0,0,2999,0,0,3075,0,0,1774,0,0,2177,0,0,2037,0,0,1416,0,0,2086,0,0,1120,0,0,2315,0,0,3556,0,0,3242,0,0,2576,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,135,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HOGANSBURG",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,98,0,0,143,0,0,192,0,0,192,0,0,148,0,0,129,0,0,87,0,0,146,0,0,79,0,0,113,0,0,186,0,0,218,0,0,2577,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,140,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","KAMARGO",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2374,0,0,1857,0,0,2750,0,0,2638,0,0,1924,0,0,960,0,0,1034,0,0,398,0,0,612,0,0,2497,0,0,3433,0,0,1788,0,0,2581,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,145,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","LIGHTHOUSE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2431,0,0,1342,0,0,2514,0,0,1178,0,0,925,0,0,399,0,0,-14,0,0,-14,0,0,1080,0,0,1999,0,0,3282,0,0,1507,0,0,2582,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,155,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","MACOMB",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,434,0,0,398,0,0,641,0,0,569,0,0,481,0,0,319,0,0,-4,0,0,-4,0,0,132,0,0,534,0,0,627,0,0,520,0,0,2583,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,160,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","MINETTO",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3847,0,0,2604,0,0,4467,0,0,2022,0,0,1607,0,0,940,0,0,602,0,0,800,0,0,427,0,0,1690,0,0,4151,0,0,4554,0,0,2586,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,165,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","MOSHIER",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2698,0,0,2561,0,0,2447,0,0,1064,0,0,1751,0,0,2554,0,0,2993,0,0,2896,0,0,2791,0,0,736,0,0,3994,0,0,5506,0,0,2588,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,170,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NORFOLK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2391,0,0,2156,0,0,2979,0,0,1872,0,0,2207,0,0,2139,0,0,1223,0,0,2018,0,0,958,0,0,2054,0,0,3088,0,0,2630,0,0,2590,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,175,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NORWOOD",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1536,0,0,1408,0,0,1536,0,0,938,0,0,1146,0,0,1136,0,0,605,0,0,1104,0,0,480,0,0,1072,0,0,1232,0,0,1488,0,0,2591,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,180,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGATCHIE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2593,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,182,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO FL E",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2890,0,0,2449,0,0,2510,0,0,1688,0,0,1604,0,0,996,0,0,637,0,0,679,0,0,550,0,0,1991,0,0,2836,0,0,2816,0,0,2595,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,183,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO FL W",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1223,0,0,423,0,0,1212,0,0,176,0,0,-1,0,0,28,0,0,-2,0,0,47,0,0,14,0,0,385,0,0,730,0,0,1172,0,0,2596,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,185,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","PARISHVILLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,690,0,0,1562,0,0,1603,0,0,1516,0,0,848,0,0,849,0,0,763,0,0,749,0,0,1395,0,0,1488,0,0,1298,0,0,2597,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,187,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","PIERCEFIELD",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1488,0,0,1283,0,0,1529,0,0,1482,0,0,1341,0,0,627,0,0,429,0,0,881,0,0,370,0,0,1195,0,0,1783,0,0,1527,0,0,2598,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,192,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","PROSPECT",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1704,0,0,0,0,0,4257,0,0,5788,0,0,3672,0,0,2881,0,0,2386,0,0,1689,0,0,184,0,0,6691,0,0,11309,0,0,6904,0,0,2599,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,195,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","RAINBOW",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10771,0,0,10270,0,0,8298,0,0,4779,0,0,5959,0,0,5843,0,0,3452,0,0,5583,0,0,2641,0,0,5774,0,0,14120,0,0,9950,0,0,2600,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,200,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","RAYMONDVLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,932,0,0,816,0,0,1452,0,0,926,0,0,670,0,0,1102,0,0,674,0,0,1036,0,0,530,0,0,1056,0,0,1404,0,0,1120,0,0,2601,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,210,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","S EDWARDS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1404,0,0,1076,0,0,1387,0,0,973,0,0,1018,0,0,736,0,0,427,0,0,1020,0,0,558,0,0,1359,0,0,1919,0,0,1392,0,0,2604,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,215,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SEWALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1372,0,0,889,0,0,1518,0,0,1486,0,0,1205,0,0,544,0,0,246,0,0,320,0,0,319,0,0,1211,0,0,1489,0,0,1514,0,0,2608,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,220,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SOFT MAPLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2633,0,0,1616,0,0,2359,0,0,882,0,0,1236,0,0,1714,0,0,2341,0,0,1918,0,0,1850,0,0,1760,0,0,3432,0,0,4125,0,0,2610,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,225,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SOTH COLTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,8860,0,0,8292,0,0,6906,0,0,3510,0,0,4607,0,0,4842,0,0,2861,0,0,4595,0,0,2211,0,0,4731,0,0,12247,0,0,8305,0,0,2611,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,230,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","STARK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10035,0,0,10162,0,0,7531,0,0,4401,0,0,5629,0,0,5788,0,0,3281,0,0,5363,0,0,2475,0,0,5187,0,0,14852,0,0,9960,0,0,2613,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,235,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SUGAR IS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2908,0,0,2519,0,0,2995,0,0,2818,0,0,2884,0,0,2757,0,0,1893,0,0,2754,0,0,1376,0,0,2667,0,0,2781,0,0,2983,0,0,2616,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,240,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","TAYLORVILLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2219,0,0,1663,0,0,2176,0,0,1051,0,0,1247,0,0,1560,0,0,1566,0,0,1692,0,0,1630,0,0,1392,0,0,2700,0,0,3109,0,0,2617,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,250,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","TRENTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,12363,0,0,10763,0,0,12685,0,0,10309,0,0,6711,0,0,6004,0,0,5262,0,0,4565,0,0,3995,0,0,8295,0,0,14603,0,0,11617,0,0,2619,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,255,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","VARICK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3510,0,0,2348,0,0,3552,0,0,1467,0,0,836,0,0,546,0,0,363,0,0,629,0,0,211,0,0,2344,0,0,3490,0,0,3553,0,0,2621,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,265,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","YALEVILLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,293,0,0,255,0,0,406,0,0,320,0,0,373,0,0,341,0,0,243,0,0,407,0,0,242,0,0,346,0,0,275,0,0,248,0,0,2624,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,3,2,105,270,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NINE MILE P",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,6,136,4435,3,121,4470,11,87,4380,0,100,4256,13,323,4316,10,36,4349,6,164,4288,7,218,4320,6,11,535,6,12,573,6,13,557,6,12,543,2589,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,2,3,105,275,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO",0,"HEAVY OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,632933,120407,215553,417380,0,0,417380,26504,46741,370639,0,0,370639,1371,4130,366508,44092,30232,330715,13690,33269,298197,9883,21973,276183,0,0,276183,0,0,542213,0,0,542213,2594,6,52053,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,105,275,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO",0,"NAT GAS",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,999,22854,0,10635,117884,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,108,461,0,38513,570000,0,15497,213000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2594,6,52053,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,105,275,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,4,11,2138,0,0,2138,0,0,2138,0,0,2138,2594,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,1,,105,285,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BEARDSLEE F",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,5266,0,0,1946,0,0,6556,0,0,4417,0,0,2463,0,0,1946,0,0,895,0,0,759,0,0,741,0,0,5400,0,0,6369,0,0,2631,0,0,2543,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,290,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BAKER FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,"R",190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2541,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,300,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EL J WEST",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,5989,0,0,5250,0,0,1580,0,0,972,0,0,1241,0,0,3218,0,0,3059,0,0,2326,0,0,4257,0,0,1425,0,0,10684,0,0,8834,0,0,6527,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,305,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EPHRATAH",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2045,0,0,902,0,0,1493,0,0,780,0,0,337,0,0,463,0,0,97,0,0,147,0,0,127,0,0,1599,0,0,1298,0,0,1198,0,0,2560,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,315,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","GLEN FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2567,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,317,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","GREEN ISL",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3672,0,0,3067,0,0,3470,0,0,3478,0,0,2678,0,0,2110,0,0,1303,0,0,1440,0,0,1476,0,0,2837,0,0,2513,0,0,3722,0,0,6528,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,320,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","INGHAMS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2951,0,0,1446,0,0,3570,0,0,3006,0,0,1806,0,0,1403,0,0,605,0,0,518,0,0,480,0,0,2716,0,0,3695,0,0,1829,0,0,2579,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,325,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","JOHNSONVLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,783,0,0,709,0,0,698,0,0,730,0,0,706,0,0,415,0,0,84,0,0,196,0,0,71,0,0,754,0,0,1347,0,0,777,0,0,2580,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,340,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","MOREAU",0,,13573,"0M",1294,"R",190,95,0,0,0,2501,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2587,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,350,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SCH ST COHS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,17365,0,0,13801,0,0,18549,0,0,16246,0,0,8330,0,0,6836,0,0,4087,0,0,3410,0,0,3303,0,0,14028,0,0,23804,0,0,15352,0,0,2605,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,355,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SCHAGHTICKE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,6959,0,0,4628,0,0,1779,0,0,7008,0,0,3998,0,0,2703,0,0,925,0,0,1694,0,0,513,0,0,4157,0,0,7065,0,0,4122,0,0,2606,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,360,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SCHUYLERVLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,766,0,0,454,0,0,951,0,0,408,0,0,291,0,0,185,0,0,26,0,0,77,0,0,-5,0,0,527,0,0,1089,0,0,771,0,0,2607,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,365,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SHERMAN",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,14937,0,0,11480,0,0,11483,0,0,9158,0,0,6495,0,0,5892,0,0,5453,0,0,6179,0,0,6999,0,0,9121,0,0,7996,0,0,9198,0,0,2609,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,370,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SPIER FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,22054,0,0,16130,0,0,18521,0,0,13202,0,0,8844,0,0,7373,0,0,6467,0,0,7246,0,0,8844,0,0,15741,0,0,12177,0,0,20353,0,0,2612,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,380,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","STEWARTS BR",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10770,0,0,11203,0,0,3959,0,0,1818,0,0,5172,0,0,2348,0,0,5366,0,0,4271,0,0,7737,0,0,2666,0,0,19084,0,0,17328,0,0,2614,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,385,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","STUYVESANT",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2615,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,201,0,0,201,0,0,195,0,0,192,0,0,189,0,0,185,2539,6,52053,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"HEAVY OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,58267,97691,332532,62750,94595,237938,5641,8097,184840,0,0,184840,0,0,184840,1711,4230,180610,0,0,180610,0,0,180610,0,0,180610,0,0,180610,18591,30657,149952,25930,42050,107902,2539,6,52053,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"NAT GAS",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,57789,665226,0,58253,669709,0,144263,1550322,0,53054,571524,0,31237,333909,0,47841,524896,0,130139,1434248,0,147338,1604315,0,50979,541649,0,49257,521886,0,6001,121469,0,5994,104410,0,2539,6,52053,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2539,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2539,6,52053,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"NAT GAS",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2539,6,52053,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,1,,105,420,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","GLENWOOD",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,584,0,0,584,0,0,712,0,0,35,0,0,602,0,0,501,0,0,510,0,0,499,0,0,459,0,0,493,0,0,412,0,0,213,0,0,2568,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,425,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HYDRAULIC R",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,247,0,0,1980,0,0,1737,0,0,1757,0,0,1761,0,0,1655,0,0,1715,0,0,209,0,0,0,0,0,2578,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,440,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","WATERPORT",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1372,0,0,1372,0,0,1447,0,0,69,0,0,924,0,0,779,0,0,723,0,0,727,0,0,684,0,0,922,0,0,936,0,0,428,0,0,2623,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,105,445,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","DUNKIRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1601,2790,0,653,1081,0,675,1178,0,599,1017,0,1403,2417,0,539,896,0,638,1090,0,1031,1725,0,723,1216,0,997,1731,0,914,1625,0,396,651,0,2554,6,52053,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,105,445,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","DUNKIRK",0,"BIT COAL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,254022,99455,112963,311173,114689,97723,298538,114582,80138,317020,119632,52831,259603,99967,52456,255038,95545,74556,311521,120965,80149,307244,117398,77577,307482,116339,76599,257442,99939,138351,253614,100750,153571,354614,131876,151153,2554,6,52053,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,105,445,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","DUNKIRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,1079,0,0,1334,0,0,1300,0,0,1323,0,0,635,0,0,1174,0,0,1343,0,0,1234,0,0,1317,0,0,1090,0,0,1325,0,0,1484,2554,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,2,2,105,450,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","C R HUNTLEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,681,1256,1160,349,688,1247,690,1294,1076,1705,3207,1221,704,1326,1175,1004,1818,1727,1072,1981,1452,554,1037,1301,324,570,1193,1215,2237,1180,832,1567,1213,253,461,1135,2549,6,52053,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,105,450,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","C R HUNTLEY",0,"BIT COAL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,272246,110975,103175,276497,121255,106086,220640,91915,179212,270614,112094,162277,265384,109603,157439,267756,107734,190733,286378,118727,131748,337035,139658,120591,316597,122391,136393,245260,100618,129570,236599,99435,197282,339259,137453,168549,2549,6,52053,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,105,450,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","C R HUNTLEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2549,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,1,,105,460,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OAK ORCHARD",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,178,0,0,186,0,0,185,0,0,187,0,0,174,0,0,176,0,0,46,0,0,0,0,0,2592,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,465,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BEEBEE IS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3633,0,0,2768,0,0,5208,0,0,4383,0,0,3010,0,0,1959,0,0,2292,0,0,1754,0,0,2115,0,0,4754,0,0,5881,0,0,3959,0,0,6434,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,470,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FEEDER DAM",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3058,0,0,0,0,0,2491,0,0,1680,0,0,1085,0,0,869,0,0,595,0,0,648,0,0,1046,0,0,1795,0,0,3058,0,0,2885,0,0,2666,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,3,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","GRAHAMSVILE",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,7995,0,0,10213,0,0,10828,0,0,5471,0,0,3765,0,0,6843,0,0,11715,0,0,11385,0,0,6049,0,0,6915,0,0,5017,0,0,7158,0,0,2627,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,5,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","MONGAUP FLS",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,1849,0,0,830,0,0,1994,0,0,1152,0,0,218,0,0,502,0,0,749,0,0,605,0,0,91,0,0,475,0,0,1859,0,0,1637,0,0,2630,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,10,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","RIO",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,4380,0,0,1792,0,0,4911,0,0,2578,0,0,759,0,0,986,0,0,1125,0,0,978,0,0,116,0,0,1041,0,0,4467,0,0,3352,0,0,2631,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,15,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","SWING BR 1",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,1041,0,0,442,0,0,1445,0,0,608,0,0,266,0,0,374,0,0,391,0,0,409,0,0,76,0,0,299,0,0,1316,0,0,873,0,0,2633,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,20,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","SWING BR 2",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,687,0,0,340,0,0,661,0,0,428,0,0,16,0,0,-84,0,0,164,0,0,42,0,0,-68,0,0,68,0,0,889,0,0,593,0,0,2634,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,3,115,25,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","BOWLINE PT",0,"HEAVY OIL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,43906,73730,656595,138605,222519,509921,36874,60431,690856,47123,77864,612992,171664,281797,399693,132603,218077,395393,121658,204130,412273,93622,159538,457749,16475,28676,564249,22772,39554,562775,23802,41159,590697,87447,145316,516559,2625,6,52181,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,115,25,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","BOWLINE PT",0,"NAT GAS",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,168974,1723560,0,82272,1239913,0,246716,2463200,0,218627,2199380,0,99656,966090,0,197607,1984380,0,277722,2939140,0,259468,2692570,0,188365,2000250,0,195838,2071510,0,142378,1499610,0,41983,424600,0,2625,6,52181,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,115,30,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","LOVETT",0,"HEAVY OIL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,8,15,100319,1955,3363,96956,1,1,96927,0,0,96968,162,289,96714,7,13,96701,10,18,96682,5,10,96706,6,11,96717,0,0,96732,0,0,96732,5,10,96723,2629,6,52181,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,115,30,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","LOVETT",0,"BIT COAL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,111799,49067,63359,155251,65603,75519,116513,50062,70545,69873,29960,67950,67316,29174,75567,80224,36666,84715,138923,58882,82515,118307,52178,76055,140703,61690,59229,113469,49704,60388,125569,51656,62679,132749,58514,56774,2629,6,52181,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,115,30,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","LOVETT",0,"NAT GAS",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,29773,323525,0,26698,280445,0,15824,169812,0,33214,357965,0,35392,384353,0,65900,754578,0,47901,513697,0,42001,470557,0,20369,222754,0,24743,268834,0,21096,220661,0,31665,346005,0,2629,6,52181,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,115,35,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","HILLBURN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4238,0,0,4238,0,0,4238,0,0,4238,0,9,4229,0,0,4229,52,164,4065,108,334,3731,0,0,3731,0,0,3731,0,0,3731,0,0,3731,2628,6,52181,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,115,35,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","HILLBURN",0,"NATURAL G",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,44,1217,0,0,0,0,37,1143,0,565,8996,0,-13,1208,0,256,5250,0,276,4745,0,945,15862,0,444,6906,0,-18,82,0,-27,456,0,24,430,0,2628,6,52181,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,115,40,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","SHOEMAKER",0,"LIGHT OIL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4599,73,30,4569,29,103,4466,-1,30,4485,1,2,4463,45,124,4068,0,0,4068,1,3,4065,0,0,4065,22,81,3984,84,247,3738,0,0,3738,2632,6,52181,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,115,40,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","SHOEMAKER",0,"NAT GAS",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,217,4023,0,342,7789,0,599,11559,0,-31,207,0,1856,30143,0,3256,49008,0,4402,75566,0,4597,74746,0,2492,42150,0,713,14586,0,45,456,0,53,1654,0,2632,6,52181,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,1,135,1,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","GINNA",0,"NUCLEAR",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,351805,0,0,321771,0,0,293087,0,0,-2750,0,0,299117,0,0,334397,0,0,342637,0,0,305248,0,0,336763,0,0,353447,0,0,342871,0,0,354889,0,0,6122,6,52501,"UR","ST" 21,36,1,1,,135,5,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","MILLS M 172",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,68,0,0,0,0,0,79,0,0,31,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2636,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,10,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","MT MORR 160",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,75,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,49,0,0,121,0,0,87,0,0,44,0,0,16,0,0,124,0,0,132,0,0,67,0,0,2637,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,15,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 2",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,3983,0,0,3890,0,0,4861,0,0,4119,0,0,4073,0,0,2681,0,0,1898,0,0,1483,0,0,708,0,0,3228,0,0,4230,0,0,3509,0,0,2639,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,25,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 5",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,18727,0,0,8869,0,0,21670,0,0,13445,0,0,7303,0,0,4173,0,0,5885,0,0,2422,0,0,1347,0,0,9730,0,0,15462,0,0,12738,0,0,2641,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,28,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","RCHESTER 26",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,596,0,0,1040,0,0,1215,0,0,1302,0,0,1083,0,0,420,0,0,405,0,0,282,0,0,135,0,0,726,0,0,1174,0,0,1054,0,0,2638,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,35,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","WISCOY 170",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,517,0,0,408,0,0,590,0,0,391,0,0,204,0,0,97,0,0,121,0,0,83,0,0,55,0,0,240,0,0,470,0,0,462,0,0,2646,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,135,45,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 3",0,"LIGHT OIL",16183,"0M",394,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,102,143,2305,77,143,2008,122,214,1718,91,167,1882,68,119,1700,27,58,1645,2640,6,52501,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,135,45,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 3",0,"HEAVY OIL",16183,"0M",1294,"R",,95,27,48,2860,14,24,2809,14,24,2745,14,24,2703,0,0,2703,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2640,6,52501,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,135,45,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 3",0,"BIT COAL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,36334,13900,770,42264,15300,1458,40715,15300,1556,45572,16900,817,17481,6500,1591,36715,14100,1438,41179,15700,936,37637,15017,1800,37010,13802,1800,27740,10832,1630,33466,12558,1431,34731,13210,1105,2640,6,52501,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,135,45,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 3",0,"LIGHT OIL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,26,81,0,4,27,0,13,41,0,3,18,0,0,0,0,6,34,0,4,6,0,46,154,0,25,76,0,8,26,0,13,63,0,1,7,0,2640,6,52501,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,135,50,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 7",0,"LIGHT OIL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,299,571,1111,90,167,1127,375,690,1162,173,310,1211,249,452,1299,566,1071,1121,331,643,1190,434,833,1065,37,71,1065,373,738,1065,345,643,958,311,571,1102,2642,6,52501,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,135,50,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 7",0,"BIT COAL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,66357,27700,114902,86515,35300,90431,90609,36600,83204,137634,53400,75835,121093,47500,85250,104898,43000,113923,112687,47700,112973,116634,48507,127749,110993,45157,153399,77990,33362,173353,81051,33064,173047,90029,35948,150667,2642,6,52501,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,135,60,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 9",0,"LIGHT OIL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2644,6,52501,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,135,60,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 9",0,"NAT GAS",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,26,383,0,2,74,0,14,216,0,4,174,0,0,0,0,8,290,0,17,280,0,3,89,0,24,381,0,0,0,0,3,98,0,8,143,0,2644,6,52501,"NG","GT" 21,36,5,3,2,578,5,"FREEPORT (VILLAGE OF)","PLANT NO 2",0,"LIGHT OIL",6775,"0M",1294,,,95,1463,3067,3172,1434,3271,2622,413,1557,2551,-162,121,3525,-118,217,5782,984,2264,6164,3712,7100,3595,3729,7301,5720,584,1625,6684,895,1423,5789,787,2037,3752,1869,3903,3213,2679,6,51057,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,4,2,578,5,"FREEPORT (VILLAGE OF)","PLANT NO 2",0,"LIGHT OIL",6775,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2,12,0,13,58,0,18,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2679,6,51057,"FO2","GT" 21,36,5,3,2,578,10,"FREEPORT (VILLAGE OF)","PLANT NO 1",0,"LIGHT OIL",6775,"0M",1294,,,95,182,658,1479,376,1032,1630,468,1254,1391,320,920,1697,251,803,1542,452,1093,1119,571,1281,1220,740,1757,1321,639,1551,1424,175,575,1295,402,1078,1704,465,1231,1436,2678,6,51057,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,1,,586,1,"GOUVERNEUR (CITY OF)","GOUVERNEUR",0,,7422,"0A",1294,,,95,46,0,0,92,0,0,47,0,0,50,0,0,50,0,0,38,0,0,13,0,0,45,0,0,29,0,0,20,0,0,26,0,0,41,0,0,2680,6,51137,"WAT","HY" 21,36,5,3,2,599,1,"GREENPORT (CITY OF)","GREENPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",7630,"0A",1294,,,95,-32,0,183,-32,0,183,-27,0,183,0,2,181,0,0,0,0,1,180,-20,0,180,-4,28,152,-10,14,182,-19,0,182,0,0,182,-1,26,181,2681,6,51177,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,2,2,624,1,"JAMESTOWN (CITY OF)","S A CARLSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",9645,"0M",1294,,,95,105,273,377,41,102,275,21,59,394,24,59,335,20,54,281,26,64,394,57,144,250,59,144,281,26,66,215,26,69,323,44,114,209,51,136,250,2682,6,51437,"FO2","ST" 21,36,5,2,6,624,1,"JAMESTOWN (CITY OF)","S A CARLSON",0,"BIT COAL",9645,"0M",1294,,,95,17974,10638,3526,17648,10013,3826,11794,7305,3597,9844,5439,3428,9879,6006,2629,11487,6255,2811,13511,7717,2530,13208,7291,3578,9538,5398,3370,10505,6096,2827,12704,7245,3946,16956,10165,3924,2682,6,51437,"BIT","ST" 21,36,5,3,2,675,1,"ROCKVILLE CTR(VILLAGE OF)","ROCKVILLE C",0,"LIGHT OIL",16217,"0M",1294,,,95,105,294,2332,321,741,2091,43,283,1808,-60,82,1726,-18,114,2338,244,637,2368,957,2138,1919,2160,4073,1884,560,1129,2277,20,216,2061,38,213,2151,101,381,1770,2695,6,52509,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,3,9,675,1,"ROCKVILLE CTR(VILLAGE OF)","ROCKVILLE C",0,"NAT GAS",16217,"0M",1294,,,95,642,7257,0,510,5912,0,15,471,0,0,325,0,-11,282,0,1931,20033,0,4455,46010,0,2523,26516,0,352,4031,0,47,1369,0,46,1025,0,450,5750,0,2695,6,52509,"NG","IC" 21,36,5,3,2,700,5,"SKANEATELES VILLAGE OF","SKANEATELES",0,"LIGHT OIL",17280,"0A",1294,"R",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2697,6,52670,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,1,,712,1,"SPRINGVILLE (CITY OF)","SPRINGVILLE",0,,17846,"0A",1294,,,95,145,0,0,118,0,0,104,0,0,166,0,0,172,0,0,129,0,0,84,0,0,63,0,0,12,0,0,39,0,0,110,0,0,124,0,0,2698,6,52772,"WAT","HY" 21,36,5,1,,725,1,"WATERTOWN (CITY OF)","WATERTOWN",0,,20188,"0A",1294,,,95,2508,0,0,1826,0,0,2861,0,0,2520,0,0,2042,0,0,715,0,0,684,0,0,252,0,0,458,0,0,1925,0,0,2671,0,0,2141,0,0,2700,6,53199,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,1,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","LEWISTON PG",0,"C-PUMPSTG",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,-23392,48481,0,-16321,48107,0,-18062,52914,0,-34170,75041,0,-32754,81523,0,-35246,84639,0,-35971,80543,0,-31970,78905,0,-33926,76500,0,-34404,82531,0,-25619,66689,0,-26848,63831,0,2692,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,2,1,668,1,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","FITZPATRICK",0,"NUCLEAR",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,34055,0,0,544665,0,0,562170,0,0,384520,0,0,579310,0,0,577530,0,0,402855,0,0,590100,0,0,572680,0,0,580835,0,0,6110,6,52375,"UR","ST" 21,36,9,1,,668,3,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","MOSES NIAG",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,1463973,0,0,1230590,0,0,1418230,0,0,1163933,0,0,1279083,0,0,1132981,0,0,1197133,0,0,1148436,0,0,1021706,0,0,1145560,0,0,1382957,0,0,1354956,0,0,2693,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,2,1,668,3,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","INDIAN PT 3",0,"NUCLEAR",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,17,0,0,434533,0,0,716433,0,0,320544,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-2,0,0,8907,6,52375,"UR","ST" 21,36,9,1,,668,5,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","MOSES PR DM",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,524759,0,0,481624,0,0,585412,0,0,549618,0,0,532348,0,0,526743,0,0,545520,0,0,559232,0,0,538635,0,0,554432,0,0,576778,0,0,569302,0,0,2694,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,8,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","BLENHEIM G",0,"P-PUMPSTG",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,-80117,223900,0,-66116,187582,0,-64757,198518,0,-71547,180530,0,-58305,185571,0,-61293,196731,0,-78558,215353,0,-75753,237341,0,-63547,183628,0,-66325,194141,0,-57795,177791,0,-70135,192222,0,2691,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,2,3,668,15,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","POLETTI",0,"HEAVY OIL",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,33400,61649,303226,126069,209523,203682,20403,35475,168236,17269,37577,130679,19806,35708,94972,47803,62254,32718,36004,60668,68293,14149,23707,150452,35247,61190,430389,17481,30727,459549,62862,110242,349307,252627,421942,245156,2491,6,52375,"FO6","ST" 21,36,9,2,9,668,15,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","POLETTI",0,"NAT GAS",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,99454,1128061,0,99940,1020449,0,202945,2167293,0,211435,2738075,0,258894,2862705,0,324525,2604689,0,262599,2721610,0,310920,3222176,0,205757,2168448,0,224611,2374781,0,128580,1368464,0,2466,25078,0,2491,6,52375,"NG","ST" 21,36,9,1,,668,20,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","ASHOKAN",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,1615,0,0,587,0,0,1045,0,0,2214,0,0,2450,0,0,2277,0,0,2117,0,0,2126,0,0,1756,0,0,1286,0,0,1083,0,0,1303,0,0,88,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,25,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","KENSICO",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,802,0,0,73,0,0,0,0,0,1521,0,0,150,0,0,271,0,0,1411,0,0,1244,0,0,1418,0,0,1191,0,0,880,0,0,0,0,0,650,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,30,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","JARVIS",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,4048,0,0,2165,0,0,2416,0,0,2485,0,0,1720,0,0,1501,0,0,1162,0,0,1003,0,0,575,0,0,2833,0,0,5091,0,0,2476,0,0,808,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,35,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","CRESCENT",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,6303,0,0,4034,0,0,7316,0,0,4624,0,0,3019,0,0,2031,0,0,104,0,0,713,0,0,703,0,0,3132,0,0,6120,0,0,4690,0,0,2685,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,40,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","VISCHER FER",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,5945,0,0,3714,0,0,6024,0,0,4504,0,0,2789,0,0,1833,0,0,986,0,0,123,0,0,654,0,0,2259,0,0,5980,0,0,4591,0,0,2686,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,5,9,668,45,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","FLYNN",0,"WASTE HT",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,24819,192100,0,17369,134483,0,27383,211172,0,18948,146928,0,26056,199854,0,24430,188777,0,23492,184084,0,25126,194127,0,24424,188668,0,23749,183457,0,20261,158951,0,19720,154115,0,7314,6,52375,"WH","CC" 21,36,9,6,2,668,45,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","FLYNN",0,"LIGHT OIL",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,7722,10369,101959,21462,28859,72145,0,0,72242,14,20,72083,0,0,72104,0,0,72094,0,0,72044,0,0,72052,0,0,72062,157,211,71873,9447,12866,58992,27271,36998,78070,7314,6,52375,"FO2","CT" 21,36,9,6,9,668,45,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","FLYNN",0,"NAT GAS",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,74458,576302,0,52111,403450,0,82153,633518,0,56849,440785,0,78170,599562,0,73293,566331,0,71470,552251,0,75381,582382,0,73276,566005,0,71251,550371,0,60784,476853,0,59162,462344,0,7314,6,52375,"NG","CT" 22,34,1,2,2,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,123,81,130,93,0,0,131,0,0,138,14,28,165,67,129,202,80,160,147,5,10,137,40,91,189,0,29,160,0,29,131,4,8,123,2384,3,56513,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"HEAVY OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,1345,2425,95467,4563,6516,88951,0,0,88951,0,0,88261,0,0,88261,1177,2026,86235,3361,5958,80277,5273,9351,70926,5555,8624,62302,0,0,62302,0,0,62302,0,0,62302,2384,3,56513,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,6,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"BIT COAL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,29945,12519,39313,35838,15203,23710,8276,3561,20149,0,0,34389,5810,3059,52665,34469,14723,52014,42129,18253,40567,44451,19515,27979,11926,4625,44084,33654,13941,51248,53859,21346,70836,57721,22974,63900,2384,3,56513,"BIT","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,1491,16310,0,0,0,0,944,9940,0,1878,22040,0,11307,122240,0,11062,117040,0,27862,302860,0,29442,321050,0,12534,120040,0,807,8090,0,1552,15370,0,0,0,0,2384,3,56513,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-8,0,770,27,44,729,14,39,690,20,103,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,0,2384,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-8,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,629,6657,0,3831,41649,0,3649,39793,0,1027,14649,0,628,9167,0,1061,10505,0,694,6875,0,2384,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,2,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MISSOURI AV",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-4,100,9869,278,791,9635,3,53,9582,-21,5,9576,-17,8,9568,177,455,9113,2101,5546,7361,1882,5382,8451,605,2439,10201,-18,16,10185,-16,19,10167,2,70,10097,2383,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,2,2,24,5,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","B L ENGLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,510,999,1734,317,596,1818,213,395,1756,107,200,1734,125,224,1843,424,778,1734,424,814,1508,552,1027,1647,500,1086,1588,450,958,1654,643,1122,1377,242,442,1435,2378,3,56513,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,24,5,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","B L ENGLAND",0,"HEAVY OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,4583,8307,99579,7833,13643,103560,0,0,103560,0,0,103560,0,0,103560,8731,14731,88829,37756,66914,51324,29729,50813,69931,850,2842,113855,18800,33751,80103,0,0,80103,15770,26499,87607,2378,3,56513,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,6,24,5,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","B L ENGLAND",0,"BIT COAL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,68381,30282,165387,127521,54088,125492,123787,53379,95025,85963,36061,88754,176115,72435,61413,155554,64926,62658,185411,80134,49009,173888,73305,41509,130330,53650,71904,83030,32962,118367,145947,62033,109160,196038,81549,81843,2378,3,56513,"BIT","ST" 22,34,1,3,2,24,5,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","B L ENGLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,0,5,11,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,12,23,0,133,257,0,321,597,0,5,10,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2378,3,56513,"FO2","IC" 22,34,1,4,2,24,20,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MIDDLE STA",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-834,144,15410,-227,1590,15128,-1342,459,14669,-815,159,14510,-333,16,14494,-558,315,9113,2009,5421,12193,2243,7786,14637,-670,677,15327,-729,232,15284,-745,423,15069,-730,254,14814,2382,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,25,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CEDAR STA",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-474,179,21675,-321,918,21875,-42,70,21804,-546,56,21748,-110,38,21710,62,61,21650,3843,9672,14702,3756,10444,18151,-253,1075,20407,-631,431,21246,-535,219,21027,-679,322,20705,2380,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,30,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CARLL CORNR",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-28,8,13554,78,379,13175,-43,0,13175,-20,0,13175,-965,8,13167,-121,166,13002,1394,2899,10102,1615,4499,9171,-32,0,13713,-16,0,14849,-44,0,14849,49,332,14517,2379,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,30,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CARLL CORNR",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,35,1120,0,452,8170,0,-76,50,0,-19,1010,0,73,2450,0,835,15970,0,6072,93380,0,5324,82370,0,-117,28460,0,861,14250,0,-44,7170,0,172,150,0,2379,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,32,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MICKETON ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,8008,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,32,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MICKETON ST",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,665,11020,0,1084,16250,0,714,11030,0,1017,15170,0,334,6070,0,2355,35610,0,9801,143090,0,8665,129480,0,2856,42750,0,30,1480,0,2277,33340,0,276,5380,0,8008,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,33,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CUMBERLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-76,0,18141,-10,0,18141,-38,0,18141,-31,0,18141,-30,0,18141,0,0,18141,5894,12888,17367,7323,16647,12470,3,249,14661,0,0,17077,-158,198,17249,60,412,16838,5083,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,33,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CUMBERLAND",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-76,0,0,-10,0,0,-38,0,0,-31,0,0,0,0,0,-27,130,0,342,4020,0,16,200,0,1,380,0,-93,0,0,0,0,0,101,3810,0,5083,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,35,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MANTU DEPOT",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,53843,0,0,50861,0,0,80853,0,0,80853,0,0,80853,0,0,80853,0,0,58245,0,0,12871,0,0,12871,0,0,52645,0,0,52645,0,0,82122,8803,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,3,24,40,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MANTU DEPOT",0,"HEAVY OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,128847,0,0,111223,0,0,111223,0,0,111223,0,0,111223,0,0,111223,0,0,81814,0,0,111865,0,0,111865,0,0,115694,0,0,115694,0,0,131074,8804,3,56513,"FO6","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,45,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","SHERMAN AVE",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,70,186,14708,-45,0,14708,-30,0,14708,0,0,14708,-11,0,14708,0,0,14708,0,0,14708,-190,0,14708,0,0,14708,0,0,14708,76,193,14515,232,590,14513,7288,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,45,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","SHERMAN AVE",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,1386,19950,0,-45,0,0,-30,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-190,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1704,23780,0,2984,41500,0,7288,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,1,50,1,"GPU NUCLEAR CORP","OYSTER CRK",0,"NUCLEAR",7423,"0M",1294,,,95,471880,0,0,400185,0,0,466040,0,0,457427,0,0,440064,0,0,447364,0,0,438119,0,0,420825,0,0,447572,0,0,468215,0,0,428423,0,0,307964,0,0,2388,3,58850,"UR","ST" 22,34,1,1,,78,5,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","YARDS CR JO",0,"P-PUMPSTG",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,-9476,31075,0,-6121,19602,0,-8606,30644,0,-9596,30043,0,-9800,36086,0,-15417,52655,0,-13938,46076,0,-11848,42668,0,-7525,27636,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-2205,5358,0,6522,3,56512,"WAT","HY" 22,34,1,4,2,78,7,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GLEN GARDNR",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,357,1074,17830,457,1242,16588,29,247,16340,30,141,16199,0,0,16199,360,1062,15138,0,0,15138,0,0,15138,149,445,14693,21,60,14633,69,223,14409,10,63,16838,8227,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,78,7,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GLEN GARDNR",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1,10,0,31,485,0,2,90,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,698,11690,0,15562,248730,0,18982,309960,0,4246,71580,0,3046,50662,0,1111,20594,0,10,377,0,8227,3,56512,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,3,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"HEAVY OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,268,611,153901,2150,4403,149484,0,0,149488,0,0,149544,0,0,149379,0,0,150080,0,0,150051,0,0,149974,0,0,150075,0,0,149949,0,0,149926,8990,12417,137518,2393,3,56512,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1658,32084,0,198,3865,0,-452,0,0,-364,0,0,-363,0,0,6011,80854,0,28213,364986,0,24888,306021,0,915,14545,0,340,8670,0,825,13717,0,331,2840,0,2393,3,56512,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,150,431,0,803,2747,0,39,127,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,8,0,1,3,0,791,2604,0,31,88,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2393,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1,16,0,0,0,0,1,15,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3,79,0,2862,50800,0,6493,121452,0,911,15880,0,4,174,0,979,364,0,29,249,0,2393,3,56512,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,5,2,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,728,0,0,3136,0,0,1259,0,0,1612,0,0,-587,0,0,5741,0,0,26058,0,0,28272,0,0,20554,0,0,8047,0,0,19296,0,0,18926,0,0,2393,3,56512,"FO2","CC" 22,34,1,5,9,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"WASTE HT",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2393,3,56512,"NG","CC" 22,34,1,6,2,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1147,2566,252704,5572,11989,236313,1136,2545,232067,367,826,230086,0,0,229824,2660,6112,221348,82,189,219853,2038,4709,211204,942,1977,207539,163,373,205587,83,183,203671,5739,8660,193069,2393,3,56512,"FO2","CT" 22,34,1,6,9,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,5385,68331,0,8729,106467,0,6306,80671,0,7352,94029,0,-100,0,0,15594,203104,0,61026,877903,0,70864,931070,0,54572,701754,0,24094,329931,0,60664,796524,0,81101,693848,0,2393,3,56512,"NG","CT" 22,34,1,2,3,78,10,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","SAYREVILLE",0,"HEAVY OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,4224,7914,90214,19448,37587,72103,7,16,72200,0,0,72163,792,1710,90373,6448,15362,75189,42812,86857,27305,24793,50118,55888,1650,3646,52242,0,0,71301,7,18,90540,10844,23847,66865,2390,3,56512,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,78,10,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","SAYREVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,20137,245800,0,2651,32100,0,6917,89800,0,-727,100,0,-407,2800,0,141,2100,0,224,4900,0,16338,199000,0,1429,25400,0,-704,0,0,2904,47900,0,306,4100,0,2390,3,56512,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,78,10,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","SAYREVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,93,224,31996,752,2238,29758,0,0,29758,0,0,29758,139,640,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,2390,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,78,10,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","SAYREVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1500,19800,0,1294,21300,0,831,12100,0,898,13300,0,187,4800,0,2507,37100,0,16534,266200,0,24165,379300,0,3245,51100,0,2451,37300,0,265,3800,0,22,300,0,2390,3,56512,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,3,78,15,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","WERNER",0,"HEAVY OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,259,628,28845,5405,11437,18060,1926,4703,13792,-265,311,13764,-275,69,13780,1352,3366,28845,10346,20351,28459,7922,15595,12784,55,70,13159,-271,197,32022,-298,546,32144,3509,7954,24818,2385,3,56512,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,78,15,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","WERNER",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,44,115,40240,398,1664,37864,88,236,37615,0,0,37379,13,702,36473,348,618,35855,2640,8238,27453,4764,13326,33888,215,290,33598,10,269,33202,0,25,42792,3,278,41910,2385,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,78,20,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","FORKED RVR",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,16388,1066,2219,17602,713,1618,15984,0,0,15971,0,0,15989,0,0,15969,0,0,15974,0,0,15980,0,0,15980,5,12,15970,0,0,15994,221,489,15505,7138,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,78,20,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","FORKED RVR",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,364,4569,0,160,1908,0,1306,15609,0,1647,20147,0,1120,14174,0,2225,28309,0,12875,162923,0,11844,149957,0,4227,53220,0,1880,23454,0,1759,25611,0,749,9475,0,7138,3,56512,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,1,131,1,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SALEM",0,"NUCLEAR",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,818199,0,0,47631,0,0,687443,0,0,753981,0,0,247176,0,0,-8310,0,0,-7985,0,0,-5500,0,0,-3133,0,0,-2112,0,0,-2002,0,0,-2639,0,0,2410,3,52414,"UR","ST" 22,34,1,2,1,131,1,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HOPE CREEK",0,"NUCLEAR",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,778188,0,0,711976,0,0,566874,0,0,750262,0,0,767051,0,0,742345,0,0,309223,0,0,760021,0,0,742281,0,0,733449,0,0,210606,0,0,-8357,0,0,6118,3,52414,"UR","ST" 22,34,1,2,1,131,2,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SALEM",0,"NUCLEAR",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-17867,0,0,12090,0,0,369001,0,0,767911,0,0,765246,0,0,157494,0,0,-5523,0,0,-7400,0,0,-4042,0,0,-4499,0,0,-4002,0,0,-3638,0,0,2410,3,52414,"UR","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,2,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BAYONNE 1",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-19,40,3837,74,282,453,-9,0,453,-44,0,1097,-18,0,3930,-2,0,3930,252,805,3125,134,585,2744,-24,0,3373,-42,0,3744,0,26,3744,-33,25,3898,2397,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,2,9,131,3,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BERGEN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-2112,0,0,-2514,3702,0,8759,159907,0,3706,93882,0,82739,754972,0,167861,1271630,0,281448,2131152,0,334990,2488678,0,184434,1379778,0,154884,1248547,0,151551,1232638,0,151368,1176288,0,2398,3,52414,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,3,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BERGEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,21622,0,0,21622,0,0,38592,0,0,38592,0,0,61623,2310,3197,102565,0,0,118429,0,0,118396,3765,5367,113029,4832,7091,116664,465,652,117805,2398,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,3,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BERGEN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-13,0,0,0,0,0,-6,664,0,-6,644,0,-9,0,0,0,0,0,347,35845,0,505,5090,0,0,0,0,-7,0,0,-7,0,0,-8,0,0,2398,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,2,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,922,1740,0,1014,1683,0,707,1131,0,668,1366,0,0,0,0,911,1528,0,1631,2761,0,200,501,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2399,3,52414,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,9046,15688,55522,11250,17153,88452,0,0,88452,0,0,88452,-534,0,88437,2949,4515,83916,25958,40320,43596,1803,5025,88868,-545,0,88868,-541,0,88868,-541,0,88868,-573,0,88868,2399,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,1176,2221,83444,10436,17314,64340,158,253,93381,55,114,91811,-75,14,91811,57,96,90581,102,173,81026,4040,11276,88868,-82,16,87601,-75,58,86367,29,348,84382,4578,8912,83631,2399,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,60222,642634,0,62039,580691,0,60695,548854,0,9404,108237,0,42361,363894,0,31693,299006,0,63357,605299,0,60174,537745,0,21155,187254,0,17575,158420,0,24156,217635,0,18363,172905,0,2399,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,6,2,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",894,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,144,235,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2399,3,52414,"FO2","CT" 22,34,1,4,2,131,7,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","EDISON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,152,366,106308,281,513,105795,252,403,105392,7,135,105257,0,0,105257,88,644,104610,675,1783,102827,687,1976,100851,0,0,110803,0,0,110803,126,444,110359,742,2206,108153,2400,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,7,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","EDISON",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-33,582,0,70,992,0,-80,345,0,0,0,0,-162,750,0,0,0,0,3046,44211,0,2441,36716,0,-100,537,0,120,3310,0,89,2079,0,28,428,0,2400,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,131,8,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","ESSEX",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,112211,4598,10660,104446,0,0,104446,0,0,103802,0,0,96326,4,10,91990,0,0,91990,0,0,91990,0,0,112914,2,185,112914,234,400,112327,894,2118,110210,2401,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,8,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","ESSEX",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,20171,250330,0,38746,466002,0,28312,330527,0,6195,75506,0,7086,87770,0,17745,236062,0,65291,864255,0,62756,803138,0,18682,243317,0,3599,40505,0,3163,40505,0,1420,2118,0,2401,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,2,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,119,251,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3,6,0,4,9,0,4,9,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2403,3,52414,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,11188,21576,147242,40039,87268,59974,0,0,59974,158,379,13064,0,0,13064,0,0,13064,0,0,13064,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-2401,3164,109182,2403,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,6,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"BIT COAL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,239403,0,0,239403,46093,19713,219690,82549,35226,208484,158939,68702,225010,141427,62425,162585,235608,99546,193639,263396,110928,173063,10310,4383,258904,0,0,349753,57703,21908,369380,339660,132744,293504,2403,3,52414,"BIT","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,30599,362930,0,7194,97478,0,122788,1378604,0,43966,500739,0,16188,203737,0,20750,232325,0,137870,1458255,0,96187,1102638,0,1254,45160,0,-3375,2793,0,356,3383,0,1493,16683,0,2403,3,52414,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,119,251,352215,256,609,34606,-63,0,34606,-54,0,34597,-48,0,34597,0,0,34597,1239,2320,32262,396,2283,29962,-50,0,29962,-46,0,29962,-55,0,29962,-71,0,29959,2403,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,7,103,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3,38,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2403,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,2,131,16,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","KEARNY",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,47,160,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2404,3,52414,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,131,16,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","KEARNY",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-1419,0,47358,3162,9747,46218,-1264,0,46218,-811,0,43218,-763,0,46218,2322,7151,47602,25660,53229,45133,22324,46979,41775,-837,0,41775,-758,0,41755,-1135,0,41775,-1308,0,46698,2404,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,16,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","KEARNY",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,375,941,65441,656,2205,61502,0,175,60444,-48,459,59831,-54,459,66419,-11,40,64109,2241,5425,58552,1592,6227,53502,-37,0,73227,-117,0,73054,-84,226,71810,-19,331,69761,2404,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,16,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","KEARNY",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,778,10891,0,531,10070,0,-183,586,0,-132,928,0,-131,324,0,1324,24641,0,4064,67350,0,6293,99804,0,-119,0,0,-6,0,0,-8,139,0,-23,0,0,2404,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,3,131,18,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","LINDEN",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-2975,0,169370,18699,47791,121579,1724,8149,41900,-1941,0,88431,-2550,0,88431,1771,15138,11078,59268,130643,95281,51534,115049,125814,-2711,0,128815,-1641,0,126134,-2551,10434,115700,-1747,0,115700,2406,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,18,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","LINDEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,26,253,53370,313,1361,52009,448,1157,50882,3498,6627,44255,6478,14170,30085,0,0,30085,0,0,30085,564,1160,28925,0,0,49924,-37,195,49604,202,372,49037,451,1756,51571,2406,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,18,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","LINDEN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-96,0,0,43,2616,0,3961,49847,0,1854,18696,0,15141,180135,0,13553,160573,0,33255,393680,0,32192,409006,0,8666,121819,0,8374,103539,0,3980,41596,0,1468,15561,0,2406,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,6,131,22,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","MERCER",0,"BIT COAL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,260338,90961,263541,283481,98338,252219,105820,38401,312566,69927,25278,364038,58034,23857,399943,121372,47152,419711,144178,55677,392291,111773,44297,360087,169493,64917,301841,40666,17201,334307,135703,47712,346850,209008,71876,359245,2408,3,52414,"BIT","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,131,22,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","MERCER",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,15072,160572,0,10698,100608,0,12860,134613,0,17393,171693,0,23606,242604,0,33578,373796,0,130882,1357300,0,110572,1186167,0,12727,142016,0,7184,77196,0,1387,12188,0,362,30224,0,2408,3,52414,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,22,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","MERCER",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,58,452,0,99,166,0,-80,45,0,-80,22,0,-90,0,0,-84,0,0,174,1003,0,1250,2375,0,-74,0,0,-89,0,0,-86,0,0,65,504,0,2408,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,22,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","MERCER",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,11,107,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,23,252,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2408,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,131,24,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","NATIONAL PK",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-7,0,2850,-5,0,2850,-6,0,168,-6,0,167,-7,0,1390,-6,0,3548,-6,0,3548,33,67,3481,-6,0,3481,3,25,3456,2,22,3434,-6,0,3434,2409,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,2,3,131,25,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SEWAREN",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,915,2021,98313,16425,33366,104241,341,778,103613,0,0,103613,1016,2372,101241,0,0,101241,128,279,100962,2211,4787,96175,4969,9343,86832,2764,7861,78971,2025,6536,72435,11423,30324,105394,2411,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,131,25,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SEWAREN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,30968,435199,0,63113,771440,0,13222,183529,0,3478,58360,0,10032,124996,0,30077,426413,0,86401,1129748,0,69754,958979,0,7865,101861,0,-868,15021,0,1354,26896,0,943,15389,0,2411,3,52414,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,25,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SEWAREN",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,51,704,34543,121,263,34280,-71,0,34280,-133,0,34280,-130,0,34280,-22,30,38575,438,1523,37052,831,2943,34109,-123,0,34109,-124,0,34109,23,82,34027,80,208,33819,2411,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,25,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SEWAREN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,2,31,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,16,0,0,0,0,2411,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,131,27,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SALEM JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-18,3,16640,85,264,16528,-5,49,16528,-14,28,17721,-15,0,17581,0,0,17581,398,125,32262,152,455,31807,-6,0,16295,2764,7861,78971,-14,0,14970,54,170,12261,2410,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,5,2,3,645,1,"VINELAND (CITY OF)","HOWARD DOWN",0,"HEAVY OIL",19856,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,24261,803,2139,23900,486,1664,22238,294,1029,21209,2656,6649,16338,890,2102,21318,4629,11673,9645,3246,7549,10200,0,0,10347,0,0,10397,0,0,10320,2429,6628,6595,2434,3,53140,"FO6","ST" 22,34,5,2,6,645,1,"VINELAND (CITY OF)","HOWARD DOWN",0,"BIT COAL",19856,"0M",1294,,,95,7844,4284,7953,7472,4143,6788,3415,1988,9938,0,0,9849,2186,1111,8737,7260,3928,6843,6950,3861,9709,3584,3042,7673,388,209,9251,1581,798,8709,5259,2954,5755,3724,2035,5931,2434,3,53140,"BIT","ST" 22,34,5,4,2,645,10,"VINELAND (CITY OF)","WEST",0,"LIGHT OIL",19856,"0M",1294,,,95,74,199,9430,353,887,8543,45,128,8417,0,0,8417,0,0,8417,315,901,7389,2079,6227,5808,2543,5808,3568,151,900,3206,36,73,3061,6,80,2981,129,339,2818,6776,3,53140,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,1,52,1,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","B VALLEY",0,"NUCLEAR",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,17240,0,0,-6300,0,0,367420,0,0,596300,0,0,615700,0,0,589500,0,0,604900,0,0,561482,0,0,591490,0,0,614130,0,0,582150,0,0,452460,0,0,6040,1,50827,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,52,2,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","B VALLEY",0,"NUCLEAR",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,610052,0,0,558397,0,0,377306,0,0,-2502,0,0,358108,0,0,592883,0,0,609130,0,0,296500,0,0,598381,0,0,622939,0,0,557126,0,0,601216,0,0,6040,1,50827,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,52,5,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","CHESWICK",0,"BIT COAL",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,355392,137291,317861,331090,126419,307477,249582,96410,291500,17430,8507,318494,299247,119774,288017,339756,132948,261655,256633,102182,276100,296500,118467,263069,297357,118900,201464,311698,126308,186349,351416,139379,173501,306740,121467,188856,8226,1,50827,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,52,5,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","CHESWICK",0,"NAT GAS",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,1427,13928,0,331,3531,0,1002,9220,0,1172,14418,0,1806,18532,0,1364,13508,0,1549,14158,0,2639,26716,0,2701,26104,0,1881,19412,0,1411,14459,0,1232,12044,0,8226,1,50827,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,52,13,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","ELRAMA",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,1941,3768,1508,1330,2779,1204,1589,3262,979,1253,2681,1633,1006,2112,1445,803,1634,1382,1389,3062,1487,1368,2719,1591,1136,2443,1644,986,1991,1570,898,1981,1539,1195,2526,782,3098,1,50827,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,52,13,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","ELRAMA",0,"BIT COAL",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,240736,111790,172599,220356,101044,171860,197080,90684,191628,207597,94541,190808,200161,89633,171686,159939,73949,169611,197010,95313,150545,226664,107371,139013,188236,90982,151708,97661,45101,189092,223530,101521,181601,237771,106889,154459,3098,1,50827,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,52,15,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","F PHILLIPS",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3099,1,50827,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,52,15,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","F PHILLIPS",0,"BIT COAL",5487,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3099,1,50827,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,52,27,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","BRUNOT ILND",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,-733,567,24237,-801,692,23545,-848,9,23536,-662,220,23316,-662,0,23316,-579,460,22856,1005,4706,18150,5198,15710,17539,-587,0,19993,-604,0,19993,-808,0,19993,-777,582,20583,3096,1,50827,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,5,2,52,27,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","BRUNOT ILND",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3096,1,50827,"FO2","CC" 23,42,1,6,2,52,27,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","BRUNOT ILND",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3096,1,50827,"FO2","CT" 23,42,1,2,1,100,1,"GPU NUCLEAR CORP","3 MI ISLAND",0,"NUCLEAR",7423,"0M",1294,,,95,611412,0,0,552321,0,0,609022,0,0,586279,0,0,599986,0,0,573186,0,0,584601,0,0,586748,0,0,144888,0,0,338797,0,0,590553,0,0,610193,0,0,8011,3,58850,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,1,,114,15,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","YORK HAVEN",0,,12390,"0M",1294,,,95,8890,0,0,9724,0,0,12867,0,0,10005,0,0,12383,0,0,12781,0,0,10950,0,0,1654,0,0,3141,0,0,8336,0,0,12409,0,0,9435,0,0,3117,3,54020,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,4,2,114,24,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","HAMILTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,0,44,4643,342,858,4499,38,102,4397,28,68,4330,-2,0,4330,0,0,4330,432,1398,2932,1179,2884,2369,143,356,3085,0,0,3085,47,129,3491,190,511,4606,3109,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,25,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","HUNTERSTOWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,44,117,8244,904,2365,9808,139,361,9448,53,150,8583,0,1,8583,0,0,8582,1,3,8579,16,42,8895,2,7,9067,19,50,9017,7,22,8995,281,706,8304,3110,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,114,25,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","HUNTERSTOWN",0,"NAT GAS",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,1133,17680,0,1048,17830,0,7,180,0,729,13320,0,504,8500,0,1339,19320,0,3546,41940,0,6556,84500,0,3434,53290,0,1503,23470,0,1262,20430,0,1780,27282,0,3110,3,54020,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,27,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","MOUNTAIN",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,71,188,6429,964,2523,5157,48,126,5031,4,12,5912,0,0,5912,0,1,5911,0,2,5910,0,0,5910,36,175,5913,0,0,6270,0,2,6804,367,1234,6575,3111,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,114,27,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","MOUNTAIN",0,"NATURAL G",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,297,5940,0,476,8360,0,443,6390,0,469,7770,0,208,3710,0,328,5630,0,1743,26610,0,3541,53620,0,894,14500,0,170,2840,0,572,8810,0,1301,18260,0,3111,3,54020,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,31,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","ORRTANNA",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,48,116,4401,346,875,4418,88,218,4200,26,66,4135,0,0,4135,0,0,4135,593,1575,2917,1316,3402,1824,159,409,2667,26,65,3674,0,7,5453,229,581,4898,3112,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,114,32,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","PORTLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,1210,2219,56721,612,1085,51313,671,1307,49944,1587,3013,45429,432,812,42830,190,349,41500,955,1701,39591,434,783,37499,499,951,35882,161,335,60358,2066,4127,57233,222,397,56872,3113,3,54020,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,114,32,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","PORTLAND",0,"BIT COAL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,132808,53399,109521,182821,71489,66961,66747,28478,108572,54477,22914,130642,57698,23989,150827,144768,58703,134821,179344,71804,85267,178789,70856,51093,83228,35019,46481,11852,5425,93489,58689,25583,120272,183470,71507,85462,3113,3,54020,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,114,32,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","PORTLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,77,142,2671,1704,3020,3973,50,98,3938,790,1501,3938,951,1787,3938,662,1215,3705,281,501,3412,727,1310,3410,2125,4049,3409,1,3,3407,122,245,3406,1839,3288,3291,3113,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,114,32,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","PORTLAND",0,"NAT GAS",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,7,72,0,1596,15661,0,2973,32178,0,2051,22130,0,3978,42351,0,12035,125176,0,33248,336088,0,28922,295790,0,5224,56353,0,750,8818,0,2029,22553,0,597,5955,0,3113,3,54020,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,34,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","SHAWNEE",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,73,171,6099,265,687,6483,16,27,6472,20,60,6412,44,112,6301,35,90,6211,135,371,5839,869,2245,3594,68,177,3417,0,0,4845,68,117,5622,0,0,5679,3114,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,114,35,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TITUS",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,102,198,885,73,138,926,387,772,869,487,933,1186,472,874,1205,168,334,1228,294,559,1026,220,409,617,291,530,803,369,699,998,321,614,560,227,431,880,3115,3,54020,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,114,35,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TITUS",0,"BIT COAL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,73788,31030,99475,51570,21149,100003,47245,20126,101173,38103,15904,107895,66063,26455,103387,95872,40846,84743,118659,48529,57453,118052,46687,37871,105060,41177,26170,83805,34936,50826,103029,42373,57757,128752,52966,41217,3115,3,54020,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,114,35,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TITUS",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,58,114,4000,793,1492,4117,0,0,4117,1,2,4115,0,0,4115,4,8,4106,65,124,3983,133,248,3983,0,0,3983,131,248,3734,20,39,3695,0,0,3755,3115,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,114,35,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TITUS",0,"NAT GAS",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,53,575,0,23,240,0,80,890,0,60,640,0,52,541,0,22,250,0,1587,16770,0,2936,30250,0,319,3230,0,110,1190,0,149,1590,0,5,60,0,3115,3,54020,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,38,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TOLNA",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,68,175,6400,563,1516,6278,90,224,6054,0,1,6053,0,0,6053,0,0,6053,759,2033,4020,2323,6134,2677,164,447,5438,64,349,6339,62,101,6238,114,281,6229,3116,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,133,1,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","CONMAUGH JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,514,827,5361,559,930,4122,454,736,6813,810,1319,5181,459,747,4344,78,121,4153,878,1456,2385,538,892,3017,74,121,5479,0,0,5356,3148,5217,7748,383,627,6559,3118,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,1,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","CONMAUGH JO",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1122156,419851,722958,925303,359096,640938,1076935,406220,574117,992331,375372,600365,1073542,404411,660222,1082614,409954,586984,1087889,419782,543363,1144736,439047,524854,727433,274855,587632,579871,221827,735222,799742,308937,733868,1107177,421853,608881,3118,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,133,1,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","CONMAUGH JO",0,"NAT GAS",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1516,13798,0,1026,9654,0,566,5184,0,1707,15719,0,1710,15719,0,264,2319,0,2347,22035,0,3446,32313,0,452,4120,0,258,2408,0,2434,22766,0,571,5283,0,3118,3,54025,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,133,1,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","CONMAUGH JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,59,96,0,34,57,0,59,97,0,181,295,0,54,89,0,45,71,0,187,311,0,146,243,0,46,75,0,31,52,0,78,130,0,46,76,0,3118,3,54025,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,1,,133,5,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","PINEY",0,,14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,7087,0,0,2980,0,0,8315,0,0,7025,0,0,7405,0,0,7866,0,0,1807,0,0,900,0,0,618,0,0,1506,0,0,5259,0,0,4760,0,0,3124,3,54025,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,1,,133,13,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SENECA JO",0,"C-PUMPSTG",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,-18038,60718,0,-12762,44459,0,-13759,53339,0,-14476,46086,0,-10189,43886,0,-20535,71955,0,-32632,124316,0,-31819,130160,0,-23462,98242,0,-26851,110227,0,-17180,96885,0,-19235,101307,0,8225,3,54025,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,4,9,133,17,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","BLOSSBURG",0,"NAT GAS",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,-5,0,0,248,3769,0,-4,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,502,7485,0,846,9556,0,243,7354,0,-5,0,0,-4,0,0,-4,0,0,3120,3,54025,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,133,25,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","HOMER CTYJO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,724,1106,10724,239,368,10825,1397,2089,8613,678,1026,8717,2469,3709,5517,3227,5084,7324,1158,1765,5736,474,737,6933,1569,3909,7274,769,1187,8528,7523,12170,9104,4070,6343,6965,3122,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,25,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","HOMER CTYJO",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1185616,454082,568142,1188794,455176,479305,1210546,457862,391125,1087359,409749,340123,685495,258590,520058,1050104,414471,562956,1147586,445483,356766,1213094,474606,228657,448257,271599,331273,758425,290978,460056,823682,334855,431770,991225,388795,409243,3122,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,133,45,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SEWARD",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,662,1281,675,306,595,618,281,535,616,145,261,535,122,305,409,432,940,535,285,552,414,274,531,585,416,789,657,463,878,671,432,834,724,340,657,600,3130,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,45,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SEWARD",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,101596,46820,104963,110101,50567,86392,110470,50520,76721,54307,23628,78208,29270,17347,91227,52721,27510,83682,115539,53769,77789,119322,55517,67991,102723,46904,73094,107866,49063,74467,105367,48397,85472,116951,53923,61526,3130,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,133,48,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SHAWVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1123,1920,8833,2602,4605,6882,3250,5700,8490,1312,2317,8459,872,1542,9545,917,1633,7965,912,1584,7411,1122,2141,8065,1665,3195,7890,1607,2973,8086,2444,4275,8035,3504,6399,6379,3131,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,48,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SHAWVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,269348,109338,102763,256827,107901,105884,326710,136132,96046,350160,145852,80632,328883,137262,84982,336010,141689,79617,350851,144610,79435,304942,138068,76369,248206,112475,83476,317261,138069,65107,346273,142913,61290,323453,141293,48123,3131,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,133,48,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SHAWVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,31,54,764,42,75,689,26,47,797,22,39,757,20,37,721,29,52,669,42,74,740,203,388,705,22,43,662,24,46,763,18,32,731,24,44,819,3131,3,54025,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,2,2,133,60,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WARREN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,101,246,375,38,94,281,58,147,313,65,158,336,29,123,391,38,93,297,45,104,725,30,76,657,8,20,637,47,126,511,41,109,402,38,97,482,3132,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,60,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WARREN",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,23223,13460,34201,30943,18008,26672,17000,10379,34033,20947,11998,35372,16865,16419,30837,28698,16502,23133,35556,19496,14235,32084,18799,17943,18322,10742,21117,17556,10786,25392,16779,10295,31120,32207,19202,23049,3132,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,133,60,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WARREN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,2,7,9205,924,2260,9835,124,314,9521,0,1,9519,94,389,9130,154,374,8757,2078,4788,7154,3447,8693,6033,514,1272,7934,0,0,7934,105,276,7658,393,986,9466,3132,3,54025,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,133,60,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WARREN",0,"NAT GAS",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,0,10,0,0,10,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3132,3,54025,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,3,2,133,75,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","BENTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,"R",250,95,-3,0,0,-2,0,0,-3,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3119,3,54025,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,133,87,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WAYNE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,-99,18,20263,508,1505,18758,-92,0,18758,-86,0,18758,-70,1,18757,-54,0,18757,1349,3469,15288,3798,9355,11397,490,1027,13199,-52,0,13199,141,1098,14037,154,691,18031,3134,3,54025,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,133,90,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","KEYSTONE JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,2244,3690,6503,1272,2084,8137,0,0,8969,4533,7554,9207,714,1204,9434,965,1623,9346,2145,3684,9013,3083,5243,9005,923,1553,9324,753,1254,8496,1264,2066,8810,0,0,8724,3136,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,90,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","KEYSTONE JO",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1102214,423987,311858,582793,225211,453587,563417,222247,605342,809149,315890,648804,1078337,426399,648546,1084349,429852,601163,1034268,420581,454702,938657,378854,582342,1033031,410618,649687,1088547,426659,795799,1058746,408591,711979,1180880,456067,560683,3136,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,133,90,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","KEYSTONE JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,349,575,0,349,573,0,34,59,0,204,341,0,100,170,0,35,60,0,207,356,0,870,1480,0,155,262,0,66,110,0,178,291,0,46,86,0,3136,3,54025,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,2,2,135,1,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","NEW CASTLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,157,295,104,61,118,158,276,532,107,184,352,158,327,657,138,250,493,138,176,344,140,152,297,106,171,327,131,192,372,116,117,218,145,156,288,161,3138,1,52289,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,135,1,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","NEW CASTLE",0,"BIT COAL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,167856,72057,99647,154279,67443,98213,130534,58811,77871,125682,55847,86191,67772,31976,90113,98557,45757,95531,118202,53998,90022,140629,64008,74786,116270,52148,73949,88872,40250,91385,140709,61724,82726,150687,61716,63171,3138,1,52289,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,135,1,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","NEW CASTLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,22,56,1012,6,7,1012,7,22,863,1,3,991,4,9,875,1,7,1095,68,120,980,348,650,769,21,48,895,12,25,914,9,4,978,1,5,846,3138,1,52289,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,2,2,135,12,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","MANSFLD JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,1007,1692,29171,723,1155,27861,1506,2563,20232,2103,3540,37005,3377,5991,30895,1363,2382,49447,1396,2364,47084,1578,2757,44327,1128,2011,40209,852,1442,3868,625,1076,37528,5978,10675,26852,6094,1,52289,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,135,12,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","MANSFLD JO",0,"BIT COAL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,1000025,404047,691181,900788,348267,715644,764097,314521,842427,1018498,413184,894368,1102944,466816,876286,1268001,530524,794307,1358940,556273,756092,1346419,567300,719388,816664,349651,802659,889136,365870,922037,897824,373667,888666,766127,330985,1035343,6094,1,52289,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,137,1,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUSQUEHANNA",0,"NUCLEAR",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,784581,0,0,707744,0,0,597267,0,0,-6623,0,0,455272,0,0,764570,0,0,800626,0,0,807866,0,0,781516,0,0,816456,0,0,256044,0,0,663200,0,0,6103,3,52288,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,137,2,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUSQUEHANNA",0,"NUCLEAR",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,819260,0,0,744537,0,0,809836,0,0,572523,0,0,800757,0,0,763767,0,0,784244,0,0,790491,0,0,327567,0,0,158303,0,0,801099,0,0,820399,0,0,6103,3,52288,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,1,,137,8,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HOLTWOOD",0,,14715,"0M",1294,,,95,63368,0,0,44815,0,0,66767,0,0,61784,0,0,47914,0,0,44060,0,0,38745,0,0,15029,0,0,8892,0,0,3395,0,0,54454,0,0,52183,0,0,3145,3,52288,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,2,2,137,8,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HOLTWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,2,293,307,92,564,453,76,299,502,6,12,486,9,103,375,64,316,412,48,185,402,32,69,513,156,340,542,105,324,374,44,96,457,71,158,639,3145,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,4,137,8,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HOLTWOOD",0,"ANTH COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,16657,10967,92177,28295,20094,81874,38352,28374,83310,37995,26901,93553,28887,20504,97262,21957,15483,110941,27038,19535,107719,38254,26848,105902,36692,25935,106839,27783,20333,110563,38411,27438,93901,40473,29360,79473,3145,3,52288,"ANT","ST" 23,42,1,2,5,137,8,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HOLTWOOD",0,"COKE",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,5600,3687,7954,10386,7347,6463,12376,9136,6569,13390,9479,6750,10455,7419,8863,7778,5469,5689,9256,6676,3115,13170,9235,2168,11989,8438,3400,7495,5464,2289,8623,7102,1550,11704,5956,0,3145,3,52288,"PC","ST" 23,42,1,1,,137,14,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","WALLENPAUPK",0,,14715,"0M",1294,,,95,12278,0,0,38773,0,0,4171,0,0,-24207,0,0,735,0,0,560,0,0,5204,0,0,2717,0,0,244,0,0,24,0,0,11908,0,0,11545,0,0,3153,3,52288,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,4,2,137,15,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","ALLENTOWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,64,195,4597,200,523,4444,0,0,4446,40,90,4355,0,0,4356,122,333,4024,199,561,4006,2797,7611,4017,44,168,4389,12,34,4355,0,0,4351,134,369,4531,3139,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,137,20,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","BRUNNER ISL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,5215,9667,5220,2811,6985,2945,2623,7457,4341,1006,3274,4688,1673,5855,4747,623,3511,4635,1145,3027,3800,192,491,4638,1850,4455,1752,956,1998,4421,1497,3195,3955,6348,15226,4765,3140,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,137,20,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","BRUNNER ISL",0,"BIT COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,726861,278333,624176,797416,299207,615563,638681,243796,659948,618218,235042,726562,483331,182515,843219,636052,246917,774595,729927,280541,565746,770922,293672,454478,661164,258193,418744,632910,240757,448356,500569,201629,451028,542332,211139,476821,3140,3,52288,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,137,20,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","BRUNNER ISL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,43,75,0,27,35,0,29,50,0,11,33,0,29,50,0,27,47,0,38,66,0,41,123,0,30,52,0,27,47,0,21,37,0,28,47,0,3140,3,52288,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,137,26,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","FISHBACH",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2203,37,115,2088,0,0,2076,11,33,2043,0,0,2039,16,52,1987,102,265,2080,1274,3289,1978,63,218,2105,0,0,2095,0,0,2105,13,33,2071,3142,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,28,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HARWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2216,83,240,2157,0,0,2152,44,152,2171,0,0,2171,13,61,2272,289,883,2098,1064,3093,1958,134,415,2230,60,205,2217,0,0,2217,0,0,2208,3144,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,29,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HARRISBURG",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4184,328,916,4530,0,0,4528,34,103,4425,7,31,4394,111,326,4426,221,659,4486,3286,9229,3610,329,960,4424,0,0,4424,8,0,4410,101,283,4486,3143,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,1397,3966,1367,1654,3961,905,487,1818,1153,845,3118,1197,886,4111,1282,1222,4052,1400,1679,4825,803,2026,5349,775,303,753,1408,633,2680,1365,1511,3919,1485,2510,5735,1078,3148,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"HEAVY OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,3313,20105,1792976,137098,246817,1537637,4594,16136,1518993,7837,26024,1486208,0,0,1482804,46574,94076,1387076,225007,410380,970823,241933,469387,1094662,32635,57250,1132457,11373,23775,1505839,59422,125764,1590347,265457,506756,1125474,3148,3,52288,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"BIT COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,77736,33553,94127,107453,45145,78631,33245,15373,94972,56476,25532,79013,56350,25210,63411,56558,24356,57931,77903,34985,45157,72539,34251,53601,19134,10553,62015,28384,12765,56271,68305,31511,46146,107135,53235,34362,3148,3,52288,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,19,33,0,53,92,0,70,124,0,63,90,0,15,57,0,18,30,0,7,12,0,39,74,0,10,20,0,7,13,0,4,7,0,20,9,0,3148,3,52288,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,5154,253,713,4491,0,0,4487,23,66,4408,0,0,4408,97,271,4056,301,924,3141,2928,8451,3433,332,1023,4044,0,0,4797,34,92,6619,47,134,6156,3148,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,34,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","JENKINS",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2287,49,143,2325,0,0,2326,12,59,2267,0,0,2265,0,0,2261,285,831,1773,1377,3617,2093,62,169,2280,17,50,2230,0,0,2177,0,0,2170,3146,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,36,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","LOCK HAVEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,2,17,2072,0,0,2072,0,0,2071,0,0,2072,0,0,2231,19,50,2181,47,187,2160,309,776,1940,29,62,2234,0,0,2233,0,0,2229,0,0,2223,3147,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,137,38,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MONTOUR",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,5284,3061,15269,1120,9829,7128,603,1538,7267,606,3951,8198,13,2000,6913,5227,30521,8337,1368,7253,4923,878,2071,5843,1573,7626,7055,7633,17598,7723,1969,8730,7062,7059,10859,7500,3149,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,137,38,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MONTOUR",0,"BIT COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,847074,335924,519372,875346,340631,445625,780698,304571,380887,372505,141113,452083,435583,162563,503087,625764,248102,531404,836431,328954,481373,911902,352540,306054,690630,264412,407406,817637,314073,299288,838531,328858,291789,880367,352324,220532,3149,3,52288,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,120,1018,953,89,415,868,270,1417,1025,212,1169,913,362,1349,784,121,240,1084,94,305,938,95,427,967,167,1398,1038,316,896,961,315,1038,893,516,1056,864,3152,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,4,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"ANTH COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,59791,48178,418732,52800,43904,407593,42379,34783,387855,56229,44534,380823,54876,44151,401119,43071,35250,457310,34960,27900,513983,38518,30044,586494,54062,41683,635399,58158,44699,652259,58144,45249,613424,56311,42856,591156,3152,3,52288,"ANT","ST" 23,42,1,2,5,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"COKE",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,32080,14266,18014,37875,17579,8930,34489,14591,2989,39190,17032,15602,35966,15206,24516,28052,11818,24368,21736,9175,21882,27009,11174,25559,37827,15339,20820,35544,14870,22116,40820,17176,11347,43815,18422,22426,3152,3,52288,"PC","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"BIT COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,38602,20937,145827,50229,27422,136935,127350,62833,126363,110076,53702,131074,110470,54187,128876,117078,56381,126273,137002,67568,99984,129986,64144,93470,121920,58717,95585,117436,55949,93435,118781,56941,78649,145641,68789,57848,3152,3,52288,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,29,54,0,17,32,0,22,41,0,12,22,0,18,33,0,15,28,0,10,19,0,41,76,0,14,26,0,21,39,0,16,30,0,15,28,0,3152,3,52288,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4196,0,0,4357,0,0,4367,0,0,4367,0,0,4367,12,34,4284,56,161,4122,1269,3772,3896,136,375,4425,0,0,4425,0,0,4304,59,188,4116,3152,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,41,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","WEST SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,1981,146,397,2124,0,0,2125,23,63,2063,0,0,2063,27,85,2157,93,275,2060,1581,3944,1664,97,247,1948,0,0,1948,0,0,1943,0,0,1936,3154,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,42,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","WILLIAMPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,11,25,2095,108,303,2299,33,89,2120,24,80,2130,0,0,1062,31,83,2085,166,469,2282,1685,4637,1796,229,615,2348,0,1,2347,0,0,2347,47,129,2218,3155,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,4,137,44,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","COAL STORAG",0,"ANTH COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4326102,0,0,4287048,0,0,4250306,0,0,4192077,0,0,4116068,0,0,4024607,0,0,3949307,0,0,3858966,0,0,3770991,0,0,3712178,0,0,3655315,0,0,3627389,8805,3,52288,"ANT","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,144,1,"PECO ENERGY CO","LIMERICK",0,"NUCLEAR",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,758738,0,0,649503,0,0,788638,0,0,741991,0,0,644273,0,0,749037,0,0,735331,0,0,472319,0,0,293869,0,0,781359,0,0,758883,0,0,774008,0,0,6105,3,52304,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,144,2,"PECO ENERGY CO","LIMERICK",0,"NUCLEAR",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,305997,0,0,145495,0,0,841460,0,0,792169,0,0,828631,0,0,759339,0,0,812705,0,0,648469,0,0,793584,0,0,839715,0,0,794719,0,0,838665,0,0,6105,3,52304,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,144,2,"PECO ENERGY CO","PEACHBOTTOM",0,"NUCLEAR",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,835865,0,0,758077,0,0,833805,0,0,783656,0,0,813085,0,0,767048,0,0,814131,0,0,781700,0,0,787889,0,0,812587,0,0,755502,0,0,620649,0,0,3166,3,52304,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,1,,144,3,"PECO ENERGY CO","MUDDY RUN",0,"P-PUMPSTG",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,-58588,197635,0,-48050,161907,0,-57936,201052,0,-62063,184331,0,-54454,193555,0,-64502,219733,0,-77254,238571,0,-71435,248510,0,-71632,228867,0,-151911,225998,0,-140643,200522,0,-140747,207063,0,3164,3,52304,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,2,1,144,3,"PECO ENERGY CO","PEACHBOTTOM",0,"NUCLEAR",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,777483,0,0,711496,0,0,640321,0,0,740258,0,0,699846,0,0,588449,0,0,497410,0,0,423621,0,0,284823,0,0,314451,0,0,800042,0,0,695148,0,0,3166,3,52304,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,144,10,"PECO ENERGY CO","CHESTER",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,40,143,6303,283,871,5973,4,13,5960,0,0,5960,0,0,5960,134,251,5709,1965,3097,5088,2547,9094,4622,135,622,5417,6,46,5371,9,117,5615,0,0,5615,3157,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,552,1065,739,136,247,742,559,972,675,596,1108,639,800,1555,694,542,1023,717,107,204,786,442,846,656,532,1027,700,390,751,648,1349,2625,514,669,1263,679,3159,3,52304,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,2359,4204,37192,40300,66566,38230,6132,9753,28477,2439,4170,38531,1755,3147,35384,2326,3992,31392,2427,4219,27173,2684,4698,32767,5362,9562,23250,2962,5168,40075,2887,5164,35070,3164,5422,36172,3159,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"BIT COAL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,74489,31603,37801,84553,33984,30569,59404,28393,32942,68130,28446,39783,56042,24391,55616,62095,25757,51736,68743,28828,37015,81385,34554,29542,73288,31653,35675,82081,34906,31898,75734,32689,34891,88164,36436,31030,3159,3,52304,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"NAT GAS",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,71643,785884,0,61834,634083,0,79727,785913,0,51172,541950,0,54177,597370,0,81502,865110,0,111181,1192120,0,110008,1192120,0,68568,752990,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,69,740,0,3159,3,52304,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,0,0,425,2,5,382,1,2,380,1,3,377,0,0,377,0,1,376,6,13,363,0,0,363,2,5,358,0,0,358,3,6,352,0,0,352,3159,3,52304,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,2,2,144,20,"PECO ENERGY CO","DELAWARE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,83,167,285,230,443,159,379,1037,262,0,1258,270,63,112,285,407,948,313,503,939,296,248,512,251,125,311,303,0,535,306,0,1886,292,1548,3097,274,3160,3,52304,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,144,20,"PECO ENERGY CO","DELAWARE",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,7566,13842,54536,40968,72617,57755,6149,15501,61363,-988,853,60510,1023,1674,58836,10372,22370,60784,73226,125872,59240,61586,116298,48551,3817,8670,64382,-880,0,64382,-848,109,64273,42071,77005,46160,3160,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,144,20,"PECO ENERGY CO","DELAWARE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,4,8,0,6,12,0,0,0,0,8,4,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5,12,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3,6,0,0,0,0,3160,3,52304,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,144,20,"PECO ENERGY CO","DELAWARE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,14,29,4606,471,908,4510,16,46,5120,42,103,4834,0,0,5221,137,321,4998,1693,3157,5919,4022,8277,4823,175,434,5097,11,64,4495,0,0,4139,3,6,3960,3160,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,2860,5785,8309,7265,14150,6730,691,1392,5338,656,1353,6842,1090,2439,5446,1497,2992,3502,265,545,7647,1122,2234,5367,200,403,4943,1397,2645,5855,940,1740,11279,4634,8834,12016,3161,3,52304,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,28189,52308,219884,149450,269038,232369,3289,6168,226201,212,405,225796,779,1602,224194,12605,22920,225716,34139,63954,190796,58828,107390,228949,6004,24353,228406,13370,23208,205198,25814,43623,161575,159697,281810,186014,3161,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"BIT COAL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,230611,102377,114701,145600,63304,115351,142036,63132,95986,141196,64796,114142,75987,37394,136129,72749,31969,156190,38241,17251,161746,115645,50809,196139,101095,70609,237844,255413,106924,214128,279475,114586,204428,343647,144382,154263,3161,3,52304,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"NAT GAS",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,44577,509816,0,75572,836629,0,64058,732536,0,42770,502085,0,37425,473140,0,199205,2238826,0,248894,2876189,0,290649,3273871,0,116178,2028607,0,136486,1466691,0,26917,282787,0,17773,193338,0,3161,3,52304,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,88,179,7824,301,588,7236,23,47,7189,0,0,7189,59,133,7056,38,77,6979,2082,4276,7703,5802,11553,9393,213,2838,8159,40,77,8082,74,138,7944,162,310,8951,3161,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,3,144,25,"PECO ENERGY CO","OIL STORAGE",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,8806,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,144,26,"PECO ENERGY CO","FALLS",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,6,16,10772,174,460,10312,0,0,10312,0,0,10312,0,0,10312,323,626,9686,1716,2316,9307,2167,6952,8374,53,261,8289,8,112,8177,0,0,8503,0,0,8503,3162,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,144,27,"PECO ENERGY CO","MOSER",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,62,154,10920,416,1304,10329,2,7,10322,0,0,10322,0,0,10322,174,159,10163,2401,3681,8582,3033,9617,8076,165,385,7691,0,0,7691,49,1948,8854,0,0,8854,3163,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,144,30,"PECO ENERGY CO","RICHMOND",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,73,705,25225,1538,2518,24154,176,209,23945,0,0,23945,0,0,23945,546,1092,22853,7883,15050,19654,8358,22812,19604,1489,4282,16208,573,1391,19605,1780,4530,22192,2646,5558,20232,3168,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,144,35,"PECO ENERGY CO","SCHUYLKILL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,10,31,177,29,55,282,0,13,330,0,0,58,5,32,173,21,41,260,32,63,204,31,64,224,0,0,285,0,0,204,0,13,117,174,366,292,3169,3,52304,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,144,35,"PECO ENERGY CO","SCHUYLKILL",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,2569,7049,0,27433,47982,0,-514,221,0,-442,0,0,787,4441,0,7540,12988,0,45149,79435,0,40737,74952,0,2171,4408,0,-450,0,0,-487,0,0,33696,64594,0,3169,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,144,35,"PECO ENERGY CO","SCHUYLKILL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,0,0,0,11,21,0,1,6,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,4,9,0,2,8,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3169,3,52304,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,144,35,"PECO ENERGY CO","SCHUYLKILL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,0,0,4077,183,347,4272,0,0,4454,0,0,4454,16,102,4352,25,48,4304,1060,2033,4025,3086,6214,3655,57,113,3542,0,0,3542,0,0,4435,0,0,4435,3169,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,144,39,"PECO ENERGY CO","SOUTHWARK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,7,10,6164,245,786,6101,28,123,5978,0,0,5978,0,0,5978,21,33,5945,2299,3702,5765,2572,9427,4876,120,646,4593,9,18,4592,0,0,5461,12,32,5429,3170,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,144,62,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROYDON",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,908,1378,96105,5368,13129,82976,1206,2774,80202,185,1674,78528,-30,449,78079,2904,7166,70913,28748,58359,102954,34047,90855,75978,5816,17011,58967,4006,14190,124677,9344,33758,90919,20108,59103,81811,8012,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,1,,166,1,"SAFE HARBOR WATERPOWER CO","SAFE HARBOR",0,,16537,"0M",1294,,,95,143384,0,0,59393,0,0,126476,0,0,89759,0,0,63828,0,0,55553,0,0,43077,0,0,14256,0,0,7655,0,0,60191,0,0,112079,0,0,82918,0,0,3175,3,52553,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,2,2,182,5,"UNITED GAS IMP CO (THE)","HUNLOCK CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",19390,"0M",1294,,,95,513,820,149,94,161,167,202,328,185,435,618,244,11,18,226,1,2,224,140,230,170,0,0,170,514,892,135,73,127,175,21,35,140,24,41,99,3176,3,52988,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,4,182,5,"UNITED GAS IMP CO (THE)","HUNLOCK CRK",0,"ANTH COAL",19390,"0M",1294,,,95,22922,15408,12384,27213,18489,14764,29884,19399,26578,8930,5383,44202,31976,21379,41110,31087,20919,40663,28632,19193,37106,32217,21657,39145,28079,19274,38194,32138,21308,38517,32139,20464,33331,30924,20327,26649,3176,3,52988,"ANT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,187,1,"WEST PENN POWER CO","ARMSTRONG",0,"LIGHT OIL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,1137,2044,435,250,438,461,208,349,465,208,340,516,357,602,494,249,434,577,87,154,405,77,134,448,175,297,469,719,1212,478,755,1324,33,100,171,531,3178,1,54030,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,187,1,"WEST PENN POWER CO","ARMSTRONG",0,"BIT COAL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,116602,48997,133134,169087,69152,118235,94695,37329,143043,106738,41224,154005,90547,35992,160453,93589,37605,145126,109058,44341,133889,108429,43934,141795,50453,20094,155423,132983,52637,143306,163282,66595,118118,227115,90923,97838,3178,1,54030,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,187,5,"WEST PENN POWER CO","HATFIELD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,431,715,4466,429,677,4860,16,26,4860,109,176,5175,295,498,4642,232,393,4202,112,193,4003,116,200,3858,440,729,3846,625,1001,3653,200,324,4266,345,551,4530,3179,1,54030,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,187,5,"WEST PENN POWER CO","HATFIELD",0,"BIT COAL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,924993,349235,573422,796344,286253,580468,654622,239981,562743,652050,240234,569141,751057,287421,561772,807472,310567,503117,873489,338429,425399,814220,315517,429242,611272,228129,438816,665375,244419,472140,717809,264457,471668,976850,352523,470255,3179,1,54030,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,187,15,"WEST PENN POWER CO","MITCHELL",0,"LIGHT OIL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,1099,1660,62781,14264,26130,36652,9573,16358,20294,0,0,95,0,0,20294,0,0,20294,2975,5533,14761,9534,17307,37248,0,0,37248,370,623,36693,0,0,102,0,0,36712,3181,1,54030,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,187,15,"WEST PENN POWER CO","MITCHELL",0,"BIT COAL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,133543,54702,81824,96423,41467,82859,153555,62524,77796,125039,49503,90740,49588,20363,93045,53622,23986,82955,92131,39751,72392,131370,55646,87997,44218,20045,99480,112797,45127,97501,86006,35430,95483,91125,37261,96203,3181,1,54030,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,187,15,"WEST PENN POWER CO","MITCHELL",0,"NAT GAS",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,997,8782,0,512,5468,0,649,6574,0,362,3518,0,98,1012,0,493,5639,0,384,4175,0,352,3732,0,608,6884,0,229,2287,0,632,6538,0,411,4215,0,3181,1,54030,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,187,25,"WEST PENN POWER CO","SPRINGDALE",0,"HEAVY OIL",20387,"0M",1294,"S",71,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3182,1,54030,"FO6","ST" 23,42,8,1,,800,5,"ALLEGHENY ELECTRIC COOP","RAYSTOWN",0,,332,"0A",1294,,,95,10581,0,0,4872,0,0,10420,0,0,7145,0,0,9214,0,0,7292,0,0,7823,0,0,1871,0,0,1862,0,0,6232,0,0,13092,0,0,11263,0,0,7128,1,58500,"WAT","HY" 31,39,1,2,2,30,5,"CARDINAL OPERATING CO","CARDINAL",0,"LIGHT OIL",3006,"0M",1294,,365,95,1506,2512,16004,1987,3269,21891,793,1326,20561,810,1358,18998,750,1207,17783,5623,9537,7493,587,994,18460,1462,2531,15746,996,1682,14054,1293,2176,11850,586,984,10858,3751,6207,17605,2828,1,50359,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,30,5,"CARDINAL OPERATING CO","CARDINAL",0,"BIT COAL",3006,"0M",1294,,365,95,964403,385031,651565,952635,371878,631820,970861,386058,589923,907026,357640,591393,523077,201759,670651,745173,300966,631446,1013299,410501,467099,1010121,415926,370224,984185,397240,345127,996339,400914,397108,987234,392815,487317,940659,377797,434608,2828,1,50359,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,43,1,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","DICKS CREEK",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,20,1175,6144,23,332,5811,9,35,5776,18,399,5377,0,0,5377,10,47,5330,233,987,4343,377,1342,3001,3,41,5373,8,49,5325,18,65,5260,1,7,5253,2831,1,50556,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,43,1,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","DICKS CREEK",0,"NAT GAS",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,74,4943,0,-217,0,0,17,13,0,-138,563,0,-109,0,0,227,871,0,3843,78877,0,4803,89226,0,-34,0,0,-101,1423,0,240,6693,0,672,17724,0,2831,1,50556,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,43,2,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WC BECKJORD",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,1063,1868,0,520,909,0,1246,2193,0,616,1040,0,909,1575,0,1694,2920,0,83,148,0,648,1175,0,673,1200,0,1185,2032,0,1335,2313,0,1124,2076,0,2830,1,50556,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,43,2,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WC BECKJORD",0,"BIT COAL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,376000,158991,137317,393834,167236,139827,297378,127194,171002,437582,181317,177440,274678,116442,192793,481664,200911,197721,528583,228082,195580,602321,260506,195850,213081,91113,206835,487454,202145,200676,427365,176777,196004,493746,218176,193234,2830,1,50556,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,43,2,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WC BECKJORD",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,904,1589,30711,253,443,29179,30,54,26769,24,41,25499,30,53,23746,206,356,41971,10845,19305,22349,18056,32731,31385,523,933,29084,23,40,26796,38,67,23956,1551,2863,41821,2830,1,50556,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,43,5,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","MIAMI FORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,1008,1795,0,465,820,0,830,1457,0,436,757,0,862,1538,0,1665,3001,0,1804,3164,0,3368,6051,0,1292,2324,0,260,450,0,548,956,0,3202,5528,0,2832,1,50556,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,43,5,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","MIAMI FORT",0,"BIT COAL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,637745,262491,294369,502865,207419,302760,559242,231277,318869,305741,124954,357678,414341,174583,369622,502174,211728,359534,599203,248510,325680,672906,285623,264937,557339,235511,249465,607306,250021,246891,553335,226505,248836,594845,241403,260437,2832,1,50556,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,43,5,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","MIAMI FORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,184,328,29994,104,184,28839,51,90,27190,104,182,26060,90,161,23971,260,470,20424,2604,4567,34307,5930,10654,29284,0,0,26912,56,98,26221,132,231,25022,4,7,19483,2832,1,50556,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,43,10,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","W H ZIMMER",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,387,627,43117,405,662,42455,266,437,42018,446,721,41297,544,908,40390,5437,9067,40610,3869,6259,34351,2406,3947,30404,654,1074,29331,0,0,28641,10375,17945,31644,228,326,31318,6019,1,50556,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,43,10,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","W H ZIMMER",0,"BIT COAL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,945287,364436,470303,860575,334587,468422,931671,360276,429932,905494,345488,449089,895923,353208,433131,685071,269191,462164,813824,313887,471999,817013,315668,465279,858265,326707,439814,-6015,0,440306,643755,258809,446427,954218,369625,445092,6019,1,50556,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,43,15,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WOODSDALE",0,"PROPANE",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,3264,17257,47281,251,6836,40445,206,1875,39359,655,3378,35981,0,2040,33941,765,1976,31965,599,1450,30515,128,307,30208,2,8,30200,22,122,30078,2291,8079,47000,9027,29590,47410,7158,1,50556,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,43,15,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WOODSDALE",0,"NAT GAS",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,150,4500,0,6,900,0,329,16900,0,549,16100,0,-24,5400,0,8444,123700,0,78223,1073891,0,127374,1732000,0,11241,209600,0,798,24900,0,8079,161217,0,5288,98400,0,7158,1,50556,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,2,1,47,1,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","PERRY",0,"NUCLEAR",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,876776,0,0,768903,0,0,819283,0,0,488364,0,0,856246,0,0,825532,0,0,844484,0,0,836109,0,0,563058,0,0,867378,0,0,562127,0,0,802040,0,0,6020,1,50587,"UR","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,47,5,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","ASHTABULA",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,42,104,847,0,0,847,118,290,165,18,45,836,36,88,1105,993,2435,781,1126,2764,920,735,1805,1069,508,1246,1250,554,1359,961,372,912,1126,318,78,1063,2835,1,50587,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,47,5,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","ASHTABULA",0,"BIT COAL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,52796,31491,71024,49964,29829,71024,55761,34212,70589,75864,42918,70589,57256,34078,70589,75393,41494,70589,152351,73482,69602,185535,87655,62911,92554,48842,63273,134786,62671,50375,152108,70363,39853,183631,84228,39391,2835,1,50587,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,47,10,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","AVON",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,545,1336,12357,217,533,11823,334,820,11003,71,175,13126,623,1529,11274,103,252,10337,204,501,9328,209,514,12564,219,537,11551,455,1117,10529,439,1076,9330,211,518,8657,2836,1,50587,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,47,10,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","AVON",0,"BIT COAL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,418792,166008,147432,412531,162705,122460,424163,169344,131476,363532,138488,180398,251231,98651,203325,203947,82859,218224,353614,137703,162497,424161,173437,95914,388690,173071,75855,373672,144052,89758,227150,92153,101135,197850,84233,81208,2836,1,50587,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,47,10,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","AVON",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,-48,0,1833,46,308,1525,-44,0,1525,16,93,1432,-27,0,1432,51,171,1260,97,283,1453,726,2175,826,-20,0,1302,-23,0,1326,-40,0,1326,-55,0,1861,2836,1,50587,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,47,15,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","EASTLAKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,1497,3674,9572,911,2234,8964,764,1874,9624,751,1842,8674,1166,2861,7850,1418,3479,8310,853,2092,5787,966,2369,13472,911,2234,13178,758,1860,11437,682,1673,13358,1121,2750,10965,2837,1,50587,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,47,15,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","EASTLAKE",0,"BIT COAL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,563066,214828,125324,531721,201833,127529,552063,214200,127558,603752,229103,113946,476696,183152,148312,528305,201681,134280,545020,211638,133115,580108,227637,126504,418750,164875,155538,237147,95621,161064,619540,234785,116588,554005,216330,121544,2837,1,50587,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,47,15,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","EASTLAKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,-26,411,1392,-34,64,1328,-7,96,1232,-39,0,1232,-17,48,1184,80,272,913,110,487,2330,416,1227,1642,-21,0,1642,-29,0,1642,-48,0,1642,-62,0,1642,2837,1,50587,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,47,20,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","LAKE SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,1807,4433,0,1095,2687,0,655,1878,10867,822,2016,9030,822,2016,9030,822,2016,9030,822,2016,9030,0,0,9030,0,0,9030,0,0,9030,0,0,9030,0,0,9030,2838,1,50587,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,3,47,20,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","LAKE SHORE",0,"HEAVY OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,-1345,0,0,-1121,0,0,-1101,0,0,-967,0,0,-1013,0,0,-1144,0,0,-1177,0,0,-1109,0,0,-1101,0,0,-886,0,0,-1113,0,0,-1190,0,0,2838,1,50587,"FO6","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,47,20,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","LAKE SHORE",0,"BIT COAL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,-2869,0,0,-2051,0,0,-8655,0,0,-1765,0,0,-1630,0,0,-1592,0,0,-1511,0,0,-680,0,0,-664,0,0,-785,0,0,-839,0,0,-939,0,0,2838,1,50587,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,47,20,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","LAKE SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2838,1,50587,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,2,2,50,5,"COLUMBUS SOUTHERN PWR CO","CONESVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4062,"0M",1294,,369,95,781,1346,11167,848,1487,10088,1527,2569,9973,647,1108,10480,1150,1863,10818,808,1412,11137,1992,3195,10638,911,1520,12206,2980,5206,7444,848,1360,7419,1411,2362,6092,1247,2194,6515,2840,1,50633,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,50,5,"COLUMBUS SOUTHERN PWR CO","CONESVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",4062,"0M",1294,,369,95,839897,361439,480236,776708,341510,409270,577474,241703,450938,516809,220156,545479,471259,188870,589930,540735,233443,590510,666114,292069,537443,960463,414977,380548,748475,319718,311923,775359,307972,333993,824448,339869,356943,594247,257598,411899,2840,1,50633,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,50,15,"COLUMBUS SOUTHERN PWR CO","PICWAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",4062,"0M",1294,,369,95,77,157,318,80,151,162,0,0,158,0,0,163,0,0,150,271,581,410,67,164,258,153,329,279,86,168,293,52,109,355,102,206,330,71,149,354,2843,1,50633,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,50,15,"COLUMBUS SOUTHERN PWR CO","PICWAY",0,"BIT COAL",4062,"0M",1294,,369,95,24098,12576,18902,17338,8355,10547,0,0,10547,0,0,10547,0,0,10547,12062,7059,8508,8499,5099,16411,33626,17892,7051,12493,6357,14305,11264,6148,20174,12256,6425,23762,14575,8110,25135,2843,1,50633,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,56,15,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","FRANK TAIT",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,10,18,2118,30,55,1880,24,44,4879,67,123,5809,5,9,5601,0,0,8437,59,128,8308,638,1170,6968,8,15,6953,0,0,6953,4,31,12908,0,0,12704,2847,1,50752,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,4,2,56,15,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","FRANK TAIT",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",494,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,8,31,0,2615,5585,0,2094,4660,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,87,204,0,2847,1,50752,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,56,15,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","FRANK TAIT",0,"NAT GAS",4922,"0M",494,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,206,4610,0,2453,30366,0,2250,29020,0,2757,33743,0,5899,80360,0,392,7740,0,65,1370,0,35,1210,0,1279,17010,0,2847,1,50752,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,2,6,56,20,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","HUTCHINGS",0,"BIT COAL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,1189,1204,103680,11354,5882,97799,-864,0,97799,0,0,97799,-467,0,97799,38657,18515,85185,73119,34885,59277,140943,65371,20520,7427,3975,45638,4351,2521,84275,3553,2065,93826,62576,27616,66210,2848,1,50752,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,9,56,20,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","HUTCHINGS",0,"NAT GAS",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,408,9899,0,595,6448,0,0,0,0,-804,48,0,4,164,0,1487,14801,0,2254,22264,0,5404,59821,0,688,9010,0,440,6133,0,353,5099,0,1464,15898,0,2848,1,50752,"NG","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,56,20,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","HUTCHINGS",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,71,303,1433,82,157,1275,0,1,1275,0,0,1275,0,0,1274,0,0,1274,0,0,1274,0,1,1274,0,0,1274,0,0,1274,58,147,1127,49,94,1395,2848,1,50752,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,56,20,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","HUTCHINGS",0,"NAT GAS",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,0,10,0,0,0,0,5,1130,0,16,400,0,8,327,0,0,0,0,140,1384,0,423,4690,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,41,453,0,2848,1,50752,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,56,23,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","J M STUART",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,1332,2321,1749,646,1073,2134,623,1061,2140,1223,2081,1858,1631,2823,2062,975,1647,2197,223,358,2194,623,1047,2043,1054,1794,2183,2669,4498,2177,1035,1708,1924,2772,4191,2252,2850,1,50752,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,56,23,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","J M STUART",0,"BIT COAL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,1324209,556655,951299,1313535,540148,931841,981133,406226,1101726,963505,397393,1210633,1235488,518718,880851,1223521,506083,868835,1340550,537277,869585,1339861,554937,815555,984147,409972,981044,990034,409244,867049,1361690,549068,888832,1361213,508529,976472,2850,1,50752,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,56,23,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","J M STUART",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2850,1,50752,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,4,2,56,28,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","YANKEE ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,392,1042,6368,143,449,7390,1,3,5791,0,0,5791,0,1,5790,0,2,5788,0,0,5788,0,2,6395,2,7,6388,0,1,6388,60,192,6195,298,738,6316,2854,1,50752,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,56,28,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","YANKEE ST",0,"NAT GAS",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,10,160,0,62,1100,0,162,1963,0,84,1410,0,82,1499,0,110,1913,0,390,6135,0,2583,45005,0,16,299,0,118,2067,0,15,279,0,1,15,0,2854,1,50752,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,3,2,56,34,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","MONUMENT",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,48,88,666,38,70,596,24,44,749,8,15,735,20,37,698,0,0,698,0,0,698,868,1591,510,12,22,679,8,15,664,3,6,658,23,73,586,2851,1,50752,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,3,2,56,38,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","SIDNEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,36,66,654,39,72,582,19,35,547,12,22,525,27,50,476,38,70,594,200,367,418,928,1701,298,12,22,467,14,26,441,11,20,599,27,50,550,2852,1,50752,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,2,2,56,40,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","KILLEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,1515,2654,38401,2032,3512,34941,568,957,33906,811,1364,32383,2303,3935,28369,2103,3623,24697,1150,1949,22638,3905,6750,39224,3140,5527,33621,140,241,33352,1226,2214,31022,7796,9042,43816,6031,1,50752,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,56,40,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","KILLEN",0,"BIT COAL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,396655,162048,146219,299969,123570,141430,380134,154283,172985,326056,132202,166969,335211,138111,191956,337194,139038,170239,357281,145509,178055,407089,168349,129255,293108,123208,110897,435673,179182,98466,52201,22774,186101,115941,32572,227624,6031,1,50752,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,133,10,"OHIO EDISON CO","EDGEWATER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,"A",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,255,723,33,159,366,33,0,0,0,308,793,33,68,152,33,5,124,33,27,86,33,7,17,33,1286,2860,33,3,6,33,2857,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,9,133,10,"OHIO EDISON CO","EDGEWATER",0,"NAT GAS",13998,"0M",394,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,7097,98907,0,15050,194824,0,0,0,0,5911,86537,0,13656,173637,0,24053,289252,0,13182,151945,0,7495,97750,0,13698,169535,0,9290,104799,0,2857,1,52154,"NG","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,133,10,"OHIO EDISON CO","EDGEWATER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,39,51,10875,58,329,9555,-8,73,8938,-14,44,9839,0,0,9464,200,693,10736,984,3224,10487,1718,5378,9687,120,437,8935,-17,0,8918,15,18,8748,20,140,9834,2857,1,52154,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,133,15,"OHIO EDISON CO","GORGE STEAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2858,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,133,15,"OHIO EDISON CO","GORGE STEAM",0,"BIT COAL",13998,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2858,1,52154,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,133,30,"OHIO EDISON CO","MAD RIVER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,-78,0,15547,-26,273,15273,-54,0,15273,-54,0,15273,363,2822,15479,99,426,15053,1080,3857,14177,3295,9983,13051,179,602,14577,62,386,15260,60,421,14839,73,357,15562,2860,1,52154,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,133,43,"OHIO EDISON CO","NILES",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,5,9,253,86,166,190,142,266,280,33,64,216,17,38,406,275,522,253,67,130,224,50,97,303,45,88,221,63,123,320,28,54,266,27,53,213,2861,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,133,43,"OHIO EDISON CO","NILES",0,"BIT COAL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,123871,55965,73387,98573,45856,68795,100911,45527,84171,102317,46469,88241,6938,3797,109930,76341,34497,104722,105408,49207,76769,73326,33732,70283,103996,47562,47231,111221,52359,33613,108872,49872,33134,113766,51273,29923,2861,1,52154,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,133,43,"OHIO EDISON CO","NILES",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,55,295,7474,75,333,7682,-36,56,7626,-41,0,7626,-25,30,7596,100,416,7180,647,2274,6851,1403,4579,5630,65,256,6970,-7,118,6852,3,124,6728,61,335,7293,2861,1,52154,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,133,45,"OHIO EDISON CO","R E BURGER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,101,204,570,57,119,629,70,132,675,95,173,502,63,117,562,95,188,374,81,156,558,51,100,633,44,83,549,46,91,458,2,3,632,119,296,336,2864,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,133,45,"OHIO EDISON CO","R E BURGER",0,"BIT COAL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,220103,104240,157034,164294,78521,184267,126512,54034,193327,150997,63973,186573,81596,35961,201217,96775,43949,193287,127163,56391,181386,166656,74197,142563,130934,57102,99030,67387,30839,87088,93946,40429,64542,82572,48775,54306,2864,1,52154,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,133,45,"OHIO EDISON CO","R E BURGER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,7,10,1284,23,46,1417,9,11,1407,0,0,1407,0,0,1407,34,84,1323,236,429,1243,566,1044,904,17,35,1224,23,43,1181,0,0,1181,30,77,1647,2864,1,52154,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,2,2,133,57,"OHIO EDISON CO","W H SAMMIS",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,1482,2546,867,528,903,1046,558,954,844,550,932,638,695,1199,912,544,955,1493,706,1274,1304,451,1354,1217,1142,2017,1181,1316,2293,1036,94,160,983,2104,3601,973,2866,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,133,57,"OHIO EDISON CO","W H SAMMIS",0,"BIT COAL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,1276095,514756,525945,1279324,511426,457910,1239563,502275,472374,1278563,515393,459047,1160892,479648,563045,1211972,504994,605054,1203599,510803,549162,1367687,590999,470321,991825,414819,354704,1017793,422778,445492,1052538,422578,399901,1094820,447068,288610,2866,1,52154,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,133,57,"OHIO EDISON CO","W H SAMMIS",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,21,47,2208,62,132,2422,24,52,2506,21,51,2619,18,49,2690,84,169,2569,424,916,2504,994,1895,1445,56,115,2687,17,62,1885,61,120,2363,49,78,2264,2866,1,52154,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,5,2,133,80,"OHIO EDISON CO","W LORAIN JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2869,1,52154,"FO2","CC" 31,39,1,6,2,133,80,"OHIO EDISON CO","W LORAIN JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,"A",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,18,114,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2869,1,52154,"FO2","CT" 31,39,1,2,2,141,28,"OHIO POWER CO","MUSKINGUM R",0,"LIGHT OIL",14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,3882,6525,18086,2171,3713,17991,1663,2732,19038,2100,3500,20732,2616,4271,21458,2357,4274,22882,1323,2298,23072,3025,5284,24028,1082,2039,25141,1349,2367,24554,1527,2671,21638,6433,9974,10617,2872,1,54028,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,141,28,"OHIO POWER CO","MUSKINGUM R",0,"BIT COAL",14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,535201,215186,421884,537048,220375,419768,597967,235236,427281,521184,207858,375208,449068,175136,430680,464394,194776,458208,580017,239178,402984,570215,237224,362814,265479,117802,367772,240284,100504,368567,286463,120853,342833,504050,190482,323803,2872,1,54028,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,141,30,"OHIO POWER CO","GAVIN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,3763,6775,47403,769,1320,46083,4239,7491,38592,399,722,37870,719,1203,36667,2089,3543,33123,1042,1767,31357,1100,2128,29229,787,1372,39659,1447,2509,37150,1827,3076,34074,190,326,33748,8102,1,54028,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,141,30,"OHIO POWER CO","GAVIN",0,"BIT COAL",14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,64858,30038,1931820,651490,284413,2186971,988276,436625,1888556,1196488,552083,1872871,1419448,615414,1838157,1182854,513910,1760692,1417031,613808,1615051,1643009,713610,1363516,1514789,657244,1159863,1269184,559173,1152059,1395530,601427,1176037,1375641,605361,1157372,8102,1,54028,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,1,,141,35,"OHIO POWER CO","RACINE",0,,14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,18331,0,0,19396,0,0,21002,0,0,26318,0,0,19638,0,0,23776,0,0,16330,0,0,12023,0,0,7551,0,0,14526,0,0,23751,0,0,24817,0,0,6006,1,54028,"WAT","HY" 31,39,1,2,6,141,40,"OHIO POWER CO","TIDD",0,"BIT COAL",14006,"0M",1294,"S",364,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2874,1,54028,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,147,1,"OHIO VALLEY ELEC CORP","KYGER CREEK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14015,"0M",1294,,506,95,214,364,1335,346,582,1079,478,772,930,80,131,1631,298,520,1248,203,342,1489,97,168,1464,0,0,1642,55,92,1550,582,973,577,236,390,1258,83,146,1373,2876,1,52156,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,147,1,"OHIO VALLEY ELEC CORP","KYGER CREEK",0,"BIT COAL",14015,"0M",1294,,506,95,702913,271965,605907,555922,215202,643003,623778,230327,685798,645615,237897,675827,712862,278407,639864,676683,252935,580389,702720,270228,524058,722985,274975,470824,637930,231881,406765,609383,225508,431319,645928,235364,421426,715380,277692,649924,2876,1,52156,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,1,168,1,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","DAVIS-BESSE",0,"NUCLEAR",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,658580,0,0,596841,0,0,657111,0,0,620608,0,0,643953,0,0,629968,0,0,645923,0,0,643124,0,0,630210,0,0,652469,0,0,633467,0,0,645496,0,0,6149,1,52927,"UR","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,168,9,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","ACME",0,"PROPANE",18997,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2877,1,52927,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,168,9,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","ACME",0,"BIT COAL",18997,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2877,1,52927,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,9,168,9,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","ACME",0,"NAT GAS",18997,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2877,1,52927,"NG","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,168,11,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","BAY SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,136,448,525,273,439,445,156,255,550,380,622,464,160,607,393,170,407,521,159,530,700,226,457,598,155,367,588,238,402,364,76,315,588,112,197,572,2878,1,52927,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,168,11,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","BAY SHORE",0,"BIT COAL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,271495,103216,169716,328463,121979,150035,259418,97335,167411,220548,81660,204738,228937,86543,252579,283830,108691,226673,265296,101256,155041,323077,180415,73781,309205,109740,75119,176674,67648,106761,254611,97258,111939,278242,107020,82847,2878,1,52927,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,168,11,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","BAY SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,14,64,566,36,59,688,0,0,782,14,24,758,0,0,758,17,30,1086,46,267,997,175,646,886,8,62,825,2,5,820,0,19,979,1,53,926,2878,1,52927,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,2,168,18,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","RICHLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,0,40,2793,0,0,2793,0,0,2793,0,25,2768,0,3,2764,27,124,2641,49,260,2380,192,729,1652,0,0,1652,0,44,1607,0,0,2325,0,0,2325,2880,1,52927,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,168,18,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","RICHLAND",0,"NAT GAS",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,0,276,0,0,594,0,0,324,0,0,621,0,0,756,0,25,675,0,71,2079,0,345,7385,0,0,215,0,0,3046,0,0,92,0,2,392,0,2880,1,52927,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,4,2,168,19,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","STRYKER",0,"LIGHT OIL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,10,159,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,8,1183,0,0,1183,16,41,1142,0,0,92,0,29,1113,2881,1,52927,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,3,2,522,1,"ARCANUM (CITY OF)","ARCANUM",0,"LIGHT OIL",768,"0A",1294,,,95,27,51,203,49,90,186,15,31,155,4,8,148,3,5,143,17,33,110,14,27,82,52,101,101,4,8,93,3,6,87,4,13,74,8,21,171,2902,1,50096,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,3,2,552,1,"BRYAN (CITY OF)","BRYAN",0,"LIGHT OIL",2439,"0M",1294,,,95,14,23,355,14,25,329,0,0,329,178,304,378,39,68,310,12,21,289,145,250,215,87,158,235,29,50,179,16,27,153,37,63,268,9,32,237,2903,1,50356,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,4,2,552,1,"BRYAN (CITY OF)","BRYAN",0,"LIGHT OIL",2439,"0M",1294,,,95,22,50,6950,0,0,6950,2,156,6795,0,0,6790,0,0,6790,0,0,6790,0,0,6790,0,0,6790,0,0,6760,0,0,6720,6,12,6690,1,5,6682,2903,1,50356,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,4,9,552,1,"BRYAN (CITY OF)","BRYAN",0,"NAT GAS",2439,"0M",1294,,,95,22,566,0,82,2330,0,0,0,0,254,4926,0,3992,62915,0,6018,86797,0,4936,89292,0,8968,190437,0,6094,104355,0,104,2299,0,132,2762,0,420,8161,0,2903,1,50356,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,4,2,561,2,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","COLLINWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",3762,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,1070,0,4,1066,83,263,803,0,0,803,4,238,565,0,0,922,0,0,922,50,256,1022,0,0,1022,0,0,1022,0,0,1022,0,0,1022,2906,1,50589,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,4,9,561,2,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","COLLINWOOD",0,"NAT GAS",3762,"0M",1294,,,95,27,729,0,0,0,0,1,32,0,0,33,0,0,0,0,674,8563,0,274,8962,0,32,941,0,17,380,0,0,3,0,0,7,0,0,4,0,2906,1,50589,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,2,2,561,10,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","LAKE ROAD",0,"LIGHT OIL",3762,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2908,1,50589,"FO2","ST" 31,39,5,2,6,561,10,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","LAKE ROAD",0,"BIT COAL",3762,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2908,1,50589,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,4,2,561,20,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","W 41ST ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",3762,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,1995,0,0,1994,0,0,1994,0,0,1993,0,0,1993,0,0,1992,0,1,1992,0,1,1991,0,0,1990,0,0,1990,0,1,1989,0,0,1989,2909,1,50589,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,4,9,561,20,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","W 41ST ST",0,"NAT GAS",3762,"0M",1294,,,95,477,14950,0,526,10745,0,431,12673,0,247,6523,0,221,6443,0,340,8176,0,1197,15109,0,4074,94135,0,593,26459,0,537,13366,0,668,16240,0,628,17345,0,2909,1,50589,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,2,6,579,1,"DOVER (CITY OF)","DOVER",0,"BIT COAL",5336,"0M",1294,,,95,7510,5164,474,5838,3935,612,7700,4900,592,6987,4742,130,0,7,150,0,0,623,5223,3579,213,7330,5046,506,6122,4199,218,2658,1764,200,6852,5320,346,7262,4963,413,2914,1,50806,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,579,1,"DOVER (CITY OF)","DOVER",0,"NAT GAS",5336,"0M",794,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,27,403,0,884,12716,0,410,6737,0,110,1163,0,663,9798,0,637,9130,0,2914,1,50806,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,3,2,579,1,"DOVER (CITY OF)","DOVER",0,"LIGHT OIL",5336,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,66,0,0,66,4,9,61,0,0,66,0,0,57,18,228,79,36,74,109,29,75,101,0,0,101,0,0,101,0,0,101,0,0,101,2914,1,50806,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,4,9,579,5,"DOVER (CITY OF)","DOVER",0,"NAT GAS",5336,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,65,1022,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,48,698,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2914,1,50806,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,2,2,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"LIGHT OIL",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,5,11,1751,1,3,1749,1,4,1747,1,5,1744,1,4,1743,4,10,1737,3,7,1734,4,9,1730,4,11,1724,1,4,1722,1,6,1719,7,16,1711,2917,1,51225,"FO2","ST" 31,39,5,2,6,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"BIT COAL",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,22703,11176,13737,252,146,15989,5474,3315,16142,8640,5428,12982,9803,5101,7881,11553,6584,1297,16363,9478,2000,22973,9375,5688,24478,13592,4621,4956,3752,6715,4870,4046,7024,23079,11772,7422,2917,1,51225,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"NAT GAS",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,157,1874,0,13990,195116,0,5260,76784,0,483,7231,0,4563,57272,0,9310,123945,0,17338,207709,0,14384,141922,0,1816,24404,0,676,12116,0,270,5334,0,784,9339,0,2917,1,51225,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,4,2,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"LIGHT OIL",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,1751,0,0,1749,0,0,1748,0,0,1745,0,0,1742,0,0,1738,0,0,1735,0,0,1730,0,0,1725,0,0,1723,0,0,1719,0,0,1711,2917,1,51225,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,4,9,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"NAT GAS",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,11,142,0,174,2439,0,83,1220,0,26,393,0,18,234,0,55,745,0,1064,12754,0,1170,28673,0,18,250,0,134,2411,0,10,207,0,18,217,0,2917,1,51225,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,1,,605,5,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HMLTN HYDRO",0,,7977,"0M",1294,"R",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7807,1,51225,"WAT","HY" 31,39,5,3,2,629,1,"LEBANON (CITY OF)","LEBANON",0,"LIGHT OIL",10830,"0M",1294,,,95,3,23,1067,0,0,1067,90,268,799,0,0,799,0,0,799,0,0,799,29,63,734,52,106,805,0,0,805,0,0,805,0,0,805,0,0,805,2921,1,51615,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,4,2,629,1,"LEBANON (CITY OF)","LEBANON",0,"LIGHT OIL",10830,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2921,1,51615,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,3,2,684,1,"OBERLIN (CITY OF)","OBERLIN",0,"LIGHT OIL",13949,"0A",1294,,,95,5,65,637,21,41,596,0,37,558,8,17,528,0,0,509,33,80,429,17,210,218,239,528,405,11,41,364,8,17,348,194,525,358,145,391,324,2933,1,52140,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,3,9,684,1,"OBERLIN (CITY OF)","OBERLIN",0,"NAT GAS",13949,"0A",1294,,,95,275,2724,0,260,2802,0,5,1676,0,75,826,0,13,132,0,200,1734,0,339,3535,0,552,5958,0,39,487,0,82,884,0,969,9721,0,63,1533,0,2933,1,52140,"NG","IC" 31,39,5,2,6,689,1,"ORRVILLE (CITY OF)","ORRVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",14194,"0M",1294,,,95,30925,20332,2401,27128,23359,528,19190,7163,1721,22147,13962,524,29670,13038,1437,23583,15893,1741,24259,14697,2641,28372,19561,2485,22121,14691,1281,18235,13105,1557,28993,15643,959,24197,16177,783,2935,1,52192,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,689,1,"ORRVILLE (CITY OF)","ORRVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",14194,"0M",1294,,,95,45,744,0,42,811,0,122,1020,0,127,1797,0,112,1116,0,51,780,0,63,856,0,72,1126,0,22,331,0,46,762,0,78,961,0,76,1181,0,2935,1,52192,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,2,2,691,1,"PAINESVILLE (CITY OF)","PAINESVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14381,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,1518,0,0,1518,0,0,1518,36,100,1776,5,13,1762,0,0,1048,0,0,1762,25,73,1689,25,73,1616,4,14,1602,17,53,1548,10,20,1528,2936,1,52227,"FO2","ST" 31,39,5,2,6,691,1,"PAINESVILLE (CITY OF)","PAINESVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",14381,"0M",1294,,,95,17099,10622,1607,15231,10037,2990,13188,8922,6467,12361,8060,7830,13138,7996,7962,15287,8544,8154,15901,9966,8093,12362,8310,8580,11176,7757,8780,11298,8213,9293,8336,6116,9293,7235,5099,7825,2936,1,52227,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,691,1,"PAINESVILLE (CITY OF)","PAINESVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",14381,"0M",1294,,,95,16,258,0,29,464,0,152,2440,0,67,1072,0,27,394,0,18,254,0,42,658,0,113,1904,0,81,1386,0,46,839,0,100,1812,0,97,1715,0,2936,1,52227,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,2,2,700,10,"PIQUA (CITY OF)","PIQUA",0,"LIGHT OIL",15095,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,33,1,9,24,0,0,35,1,7,27,0,0,32,0,1,31,0,1,30,0,0,30,0,0,30,0,4,26,0,3,23,1,6,36,2937,1,52334,"FO2","ST" 31,39,5,2,6,700,10,"PIQUA (CITY OF)","PIQUA",0,"BIT COAL",15095,"0M",1294,,,95,2963,3832,1560,2779,3526,1061,2427,2994,1038,1970,2648,582,2418,2789,195,1914,2556,734,1374,2211,15,1611,2421,41,1481,2312,382,2468,3140,627,2650,3515,1751,2688,3569,2090,2937,1,52334,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,4,2,700,10,"PIQUA (CITY OF)","PIQUA",0,"LIGHT OIL",15095,"0M",1294,,,95,24,119,2949,51,239,3071,-37,127,2947,119,588,2896,109,897,3032,277,1359,2730,469,2758,2645,595,2956,2720,-11,101,2619,37,176,2979,59,288,3048,121,591,2992,2937,1,52334,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,2,6,722,1,"SAINT MARYS (CITY OF)","ST MARYS",0,"BIT COAL",17891,"0M",1294,,,95,1250,698,645,3927,2565,332,4111,3269,140,0,0,150,0,0,150,1641,1050,490,5298,3368,489,222,149,638,1630,1068,419,4646,3274,449,4461,2807,449,4928,3119,495,2942,1,52789,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,4,2,722,1,"SAINT MARYS (CITY OF)","ST MARYS",0,"LIGHT OIL",17891,"0M",1294,,,95,1,12,318,0,0,307,28,146,352,0,0,352,0,0,352,1,4,348,59,83,428,3,8,420,1,24,396,0,0,520,1,3,518,2,6,512,2942,1,52789,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,2,6,726,1,"SHELBY (CITY OF)","SHELBY",0,"BIT COAL",17043,"0M",1294,,,95,8039,5710,300,7249,5098,300,7132,4852,300,6141,3985,300,6694,4389,300,8103,4859,300,6796,4831,300,7378,5266,0,6897,3944,300,6844,4580,300,7615,5188,300,8726,5206,300,2943,1,52637,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,726,1,"SHELBY (CITY OF)","SHELBY",0,"NAT GAS",17043,"0M",1294,,,95,134,1996,0,47,686,0,36,517,0,9,134,0,0,0,0,30,381,0,96,1415,0,11,164,0,19,230,0,41,576,0,48,685,0,44,555,0,2943,1,52637,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,3,2,726,1,"SHELBY (CITY OF)","SHELBY",0,"LIGHT OIL",17043,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,73,0,0,73,0,0,73,0,0,103,0,0,103,0,0,103,1,5,93,1,4,83,2,5,78,0,1,77,0,1,76,0,1,45,2943,1,52637,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,3,9,726,1,"SHELBY (CITY OF)","SHELBY",0,"NAT GAS",17043,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2943,1,52637,"NG","IC" 31,39,5,3,2,774,1,"WOODSFIELD (CITY OF)","WOODSFIELD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20977,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2945,1,53350,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,3,9,774,1,"WOODSFIELD (CITY OF)","WOODSFIELD",0,"NAT GAS",20977,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2945,1,53350,"NG","IC" 31,39,8,2,6,800,1,"AMER MUN POWER-OHIO INC","R GORSUCH",0,"BIT COAL",40577,"0M",1294,,,95,99037,64265,81413,104738,67228,84252,126378,79745,86718,63579,42733,100556,123281,76701,94920,115392,69307,101317,117333,72018,101225,121473,79176,86641,108722,66669,90892,126955,78956,87022,103717,67360,86260,126485,80616,78276,7286,1,58910,"BIT","ST" 31,39,8,2,9,800,1,"AMER MUN POWER-OHIO INC","R GORSUCH",0,"NAT GAS",40577,"0M",1294,,,95,1576,22702,0,1469,21157,0,638,9083,0,541,8226,0,767,10634,0,1094,14686,0,877,12191,0,505,7352,0,810,11188,0,528,7439,0,733,10544,0,821,11624,0,7286,1,58910,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,25,1,"COMMONWEALTH ED CO IND","STATE LINE",0,"BIT COAL",4111,"0M",1294,,101,95,111368,64033,111935,149730,82697,41943,169301,90886,94463,49952,30907,197006,107334,61118,203229,185763,102059,199201,147171,80912,167481,211732,117972,103696,93902,54629,131796,97942,56647,95060,141995,78255,74660,93050,52182,100094,981,4,54003,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,25,1,"COMMONWEALTH ED CO IND","STATE LINE",0,"NAT GAS",4111,"0M",1294,,101,95,6077,64670,0,5326,53012,0,4895,48146,0,1349,14775,0,4538,48258,0,4988,51500,0,4470,45645,0,4498,45907,0,2972,32243,0,3706,39699,0,5098,51893,0,3793,39849,0,981,4,54003,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,2,2,45,1,"INDIANA-KENTUCKY EL CORP","CLIFTY CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",9269,"0M",1294,,505,95,186,351,3905,152,276,3630,241,444,3700,377,692,3522,263,551,3142,200,360,3468,175,320,4005,93,171,4177,112,189,3988,183,330,3658,234,419,3925,187,321,3947,983,1,54010,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,45,1,"INDIANA-KENTUCKY EL CORP","CLIFTY CRK",0,"BIT COAL",9269,"0M",1294,,505,95,680000,340288,711560,681685,332462,794224,771872,377298,719124,715568,349771,768331,774831,394798,790608,706890,347717,739042,846234,432529,698423,836401,439085,664104,841295,424266,608234,755940,378632,751924,859900,416889,759244,867253,423226,804472,983,1,54010,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,1,,57,5,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","ELKHART",0,,9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,1650,0,0,1194,0,0,1755,0,0,1250,0,0,1341,0,0,1179,0,0,1157,0,0,1230,0,0,728,0,0,610,0,0,606,0,0,1138,0,0,986,1,57745,"WAT","HY" 32,18,1,1,,57,15,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","TWIN BRANCH",0,,9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,2749,0,0,2559,0,0,3177,0,0,3035,0,0,3169,0,0,2570,0,0,2394,0,0,2550,0,0,1769,0,0,1707,0,0,2868,0,0,2542,0,0,989,1,57745,"WAT","HY" 32,18,1,2,2,57,40,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","TANNERS CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,1203,1922,5959,701,1134,5915,1180,2025,6714,1059,1682,6177,1112,1829,5848,1144,1978,6336,1259,2060,7095,1078,1912,5713,665,1191,4522,206,409,5361,886,1592,4308,1326,2011,4418,988,1,57745,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,57,40,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","TANNERS CRK",0,"BIT COAL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,432338,162155,420217,485332,183170,404434,427268,171172,375261,371083,146417,383926,364601,144830,374644,383224,158993,372917,442272,183537,275408,494886,200826,195877,151186,61682,248353,10073,4559,312659,189477,75997,327350,330050,118848,262047,988,1,57745,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,4,2,57,55,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","FOURTH ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,1025,1,57745,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,2,2,57,60,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","ROCKPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,1253,2167,36532,1335,2320,34384,3886,6841,48740,4321,7609,41131,3580,6420,34711,5662,10180,45654,3887,6888,38767,4216,7569,31198,1478,2587,28611,1002,1634,26976,690,1194,25782,1723,4126,33355,6166,1,57745,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,57,60,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","ROCKPORT",0,"BIT COAL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,1749008,1032186,1725862,1579775,933220,1565332,1339465,797497,1717887,1321428,787392,1749794,910898,553161,1861348,1507665,916281,1691338,1420244,862282,1685879,1514621,918947,1761783,1599963,954251,1694782,1691163,933949,1738612,1640828,959611,1762887,1464158,854236,1918162,6166,1,57745,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,2,63,5,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","E W STOUT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,566,1401,20541,856,1914,17945,116,609,17337,446,1143,15565,419,1038,14023,233,762,13073,334,805,11083,970,3484,18728,223,679,18049,471,1101,16948,1380,2012,14910,618,1456,13138,990,1,51394,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,63,5,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","E W STOUT",0,"BIT COAL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,194584,90056,252587,180919,84581,279836,140480,66420,317709,160947,73882,318796,235268,109052,299888,217930,103073,287645,259644,122601,267666,349367,162431,221093,272895,126479,196285,244308,112170,197708,270443,125748,220391,253279,116842,274191,990,1,51394,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,3,2,63,5,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","E W STOUT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,990,1,51394,"FO2","IC" 32,18,1,4,2,63,5,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","E W STOUT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,1107,4856,0,-42,681,0,-50,0,0,112,628,0,182,504,0,-7,189,0,293,1179,0,349,1894,0,-35,0,0,-43,0,0,-50,26,0,-11,317,0,990,1,51394,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,4,9,63,5,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","E W STOUT",0,"NAT GAS",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,1286,11256,0,10,1339,0,-53,1880,0,93,2875,0,1102,18630,0,448,8470,0,4489,66365,0,11695,166046,0,-64,3722,0,-37,1618,0,3205,49273,0,3710,54428,0,990,1,51394,"NG","GT" 32,18,1,2,2,63,15,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PERRY K",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4682,0,0,4553,0,0,4331,0,0,4301,0,0,4287,0,0,3841,0,0,3636,0,0,5062,0,0,5057,0,0,5051,0,0,5042,0,0,4762,992,1,51394,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,63,15,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PERRY K",0,"BIT COAL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,79574,-1610,0,80083,0,0,75101,0,0,73147,0,0,75348,0,0,76456,766,826,73924,340,352,74885,1152,1362,75776,0,0,74934,0,0,77090,0,0,71176,992,1,51394,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,63,15,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PERRY K",0,"NAT GAS",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,17,437,0,7,193,0,32,957,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,992,1,51394,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,5,9,63,15,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PERRY K",0,"WASTE HT",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,-782,0,0,0,0,0,1330,0,0,1056,0,0,2878,0,0,887,0,0,1971,0,0,1192,0,0,1301,0,0,1055,0,0,-372,0,0,-854,0,0,992,1,51394,"WT","CC" 32,18,1,2,2,63,20,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PERRY W",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,-49,0,697,-71,0,697,-71,0,697,-67,0,697,-59,0,697,-46,0,697,-51,0,697,-47,0,697,-42,0,697,-44,0,697,-59,0,697,-65,0,697,993,1,51394,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,63,20,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PERRY W",0,"NAT GAS",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,993,1,51394,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,5,9,63,20,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PERRY W",0,"WASTE HT",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,993,1,51394,"WH","CC" 32,18,1,2,2,63,23,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PETERSBURG",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,610,1111,6386,445,819,5517,317,533,4940,401,748,8963,2218,4082,4553,637,1151,5787,377,687,4945,1822,3221,6367,801,1483,4763,545,999,3635,1447,2637,5880,1975,3581,4564,994,1,51394,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,63,23,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PETERSBURG",0,"BIT COAL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,1040025,481608,951198,910590,421941,973809,942914,432679,1023657,783657,368727,1096578,667135,315158,1184238,973163,448245,1179213,992610,460767,1051137,936517,439379,945966,722162,339012,925268,812107,376653,886087,794558,370468,820716,931266,431118,719090,994,1,51394,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,3,2,63,23,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PETERSBURG",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,2,5,0,0,0,0,25,44,0,102,178,0,189,328,0,45,76,0,52,90,0,74,131,0,46,80,0,67,116,0,39,43,0,31,78,0,994,1,51394,"FO2","IC" 32,18,1,2,2,63,25,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","H T PRTCHRD",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,318,680,5661,350,656,4975,104,195,4685,436,902,7879,417,829,7014,283,586,6386,443,914,5445,1802,3787,7417,307,627,7108,203,431,6547,316,654,5835,499,993,4785,991,1,51394,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,63,25,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","H T PRTCHRD",0,"BIT COAL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,39918,21829,172846,38399,18739,164110,25730,13890,166007,31554,16614,192907,62657,32105,189004,38978,20477,189810,89346,46785,168301,129720,68988,123731,61410,31642,119624,29705,15920,161259,67519,35572,171574,68221,34547,157787,991,1,51394,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,3,2,63,25,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","H T PRTCHRD",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,10,18,0,10,18,0,11,19,0,10,19,0,10,19,0,10,18,0,9,18,0,10,18,0,9,18,0,3,5,0,10,11,0,10,16,0,991,1,51394,"FO2","IC" 32,18,1,1,,97,25,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","NORWAY",0,,13756,"0M",1294,,,95,2951,0,0,1754,0,0,3112,0,0,3813,0,0,3505,0,0,2903,0,0,2206,0,0,1230,0,0,509,0,0,-5,0,0,935,0,0,741,0,0,998,1,52101,"WAT","HY" 32,18,1,1,,97,30,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","OAKDALE",0,,13756,"0M",1294,,,95,4302,0,0,2658,0,0,4495,0,0,5358,0,0,4552,0,0,4225,0,0,3387,0,0,1840,0,0,1214,0,0,492,0,0,1566,0,0,1435,0,0,999,1,52101,"WAT","HY" 32,18,1,2,5,97,35,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","BAILLY",0,"COKE",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,995,1,52101,"PC","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,97,35,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","BAILLY",0,"BIT COAL",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,255092,122559,79738,278804,133215,33213,188964,93227,81145,300874,140721,83750,249838,120767,64124,246937,117749,44162,235477,114020,45186,281196,134308,37119,206770,100042,54350,171878,84048,49037,248313,118863,34340,215434,105042,32995,995,1,52101,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,97,35,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","BAILLY",0,"NAT GAS",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,2509,26046,0,1617,16709,0,6960,74244,0,364,3631,0,132,1380,0,473,4895,0,3976,41921,0,11155,116087,0,295,3099,0,9000,94567,0,731,7651,0,10008,106430,0,995,1,52101,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,4,2,97,35,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","BAILLY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,995,1,52101,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,4,9,97,35,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","BAILLY",0,"NAT GAS",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,260,4325,0,239,4585,0,197,4652,0,73,729,0,0,0,0,128,2648,0,1309,27718,0,1556,27641,0,86,2797,0,94,990,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,995,1,52101,"NG","GT" 32,18,1,2,6,97,50,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","MICH CITY",0,"BIT COAL",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,236420,123317,103301,234123,120234,148075,251278,135807,162546,205743,116541,177892,112253,67389,170049,124057,76284,129959,232893,135633,114125,231506,135299,93596,234187,129907,86183,254454,138881,100596,227408,129965,87044,241351,131616,87326,997,1,52101,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,97,50,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","MICH CITY",0,"NAT GAS",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,22888,245981,0,12315,127428,0,7313,77250,0,2223,23885,0,17374,195664,0,14491,167133,0,33790,372448,0,46983,516773,0,57,601,0,277,2894,0,14761,158089,0,7779,81844,0,997,1,52101,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,97,54,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","D MITCHELL",0,"BIT COAL",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,145857,82802,116751,116897,65893,113729,119863,69185,152487,141199,84936,154502,149654,87531,159194,148998,85732,121077,153374,92272,109798,153611,89672,90907,105137,61906,133520,134131,77926,126283,118138,72811,149593,119904,77033,120350,996,1,52101,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,97,54,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","D MITCHELL",0,"NAT GAS",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,9050,99836,0,19988,219179,0,4693,51173,0,2044,22775,0,681,7679,0,15253,169699,0,31855,357533,0,49912,561059,0,1836,21192,0,688,7733,0,17585,198980,0,12007,137527,0,996,1,52101,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,4,2,97,54,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","D MITCHELL",0,"LIGHT OIL",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,996,1,52101,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,4,9,97,54,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","D MITCHELL",0,"NAT GAS",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,62,1005,0,19,314,0,61,972,0,59,947,0,23,381,0,1109,18451,0,787,13562,0,0,0,0,17,200,0,19,316,0,40,614,0,996,1,52101,"NG","GT" 32,18,1,2,2,97,60,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","SCHAHFER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6085,1,52101,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,5,97,60,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","SCHAHFER",0,"COKE",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5680,2361,3668,16726,6787,383,17831,7291,7,6085,1,52101,"PC","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,97,60,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","SCHAHFER",0,"BIT COAL",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,535261,312105,335057,389163,229937,440028,546548,302317,415959,448635,246990,395514,597050,350998,454670,756850,452731,337454,682007,398333,335076,754511,435319,290970,649742,383628,258615,683709,390480,291948,637992,357548,247219,681946,380639,238033,6085,1,52101,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,97,60,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","SCHAHFER",0,"NAT GAS",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,3899,42407,0,6373,71396,0,4950,53485,0,5022,55321,0,9160,101163,0,8473,94946,0,11416,127138,0,11318,127241,0,6765,76948,0,5330,59832,0,10465,114654,0,16610,183389,0,6085,1,52101,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,4,2,97,60,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","SCHAHFER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6085,1,52101,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,4,9,97,60,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","SCHAHFER",0,"NAT GAS",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,723,10302,0,782,11325,0,1650,23018,0,308,4700,0,805,15657,0,1994,32783,0,15126,225451,0,13726,215839,0,142,2242,0,733,10618,0,280,4262,0,601,10905,0,6085,1,52101,"NG","GT" 32,18,1,1,,115,10,"PSI ENERGY, INC","MARKLAND",0,,15470,"0M",1294,,,95,25874,0,0,30535,0,0,30427,0,0,34190,0,0,21420,0,0,33483,0,0,37429,0,0,31238,0,0,21329,0,0,31723,0,0,32028,0,0,33480,0,0,1005,1,52410,"WAT","HY" 32,18,1,2,2,115,20,"PSI ENERGY, INC","CAYUGA",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,132,235,5513,571,1037,4367,530,968,3231,360,648,6046,1268,2286,3656,1673,3058,5188,191,340,4690,456,897,3714,450,808,2757,116,203,4365,648,1159,3695,1043,1890,4595,1001,1,52410,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,115,20,"PSI ENERGY, INC","CAYUGA",0,"BIT COAL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,560086,260374,595374,436002,205588,619769,507290,241920,579748,458167,216960,558238,273942,132145,579528,461324,222630,594519,529339,250671,586438,553167,264792,531310,481498,229472,498542,556861,260068,435186,538773,254635,379746,560196,264529,360124,1001,1,52410,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,3,2,115,20,"PSI ENERGY, INC","CAYUGA",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,52,94,835,80,146,689,46,85,604,32,59,546,48,87,793,40,74,719,187,332,719,345,632,893,44,79,814,57,100,714,46,83,810,52,95,715,1001,1,52410,"FO2","IC" 32,18,1,4,2,115,20,"PSI ENERGY, INC","CAYUGA",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,94,169,5321,0,0,5313,0,0,5287,0,0,5295,9,17,5278,0,0,5274,0,0,5261,0,0,5256,0,0,5278,0,0,5291,0,0,5304,0,0,5321,1001,1,52410,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,4,9,115,20,"PSI ENERGY, INC","CAYUGA",0,"NAT GAS",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,2346,23310,0,1913,19353,0,1506,15557,0,1635,16714,0,1240,12674,0,4044,41468,0,15842,159433,0,18202,212550,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2097,21202,0,3527,35908,0,1001,1,52410,"NG","GT" 32,18,1,2,2,115,30,"PSI ENERGY, INC","EDWARDSPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,209,496,4820,64,150,4672,155,373,4297,0,0,4295,0,0,4292,97,238,4052,689,1571,2481,2502,5818,2869,342,868,2002,0,0,2002,0,0,1997,147,370,1625,1004,1,52410,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,115,30,"PSI ENERGY, INC","EDWARDSPORT",0,"BIT COAL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,17730,11048,72080,19934,11948,70647,12688,8051,74559,-527,0,75232,-535,0,75232,15454,10259,64973,35050,21901,43072,52741,33340,15650,4173,2912,38766,-602,0,62015,-609,0,63195,16335,10947,52274,1004,1,52410,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,2,115,32,"PSI ENERGY, INC","R GALLAGHER",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,2035,3891,1605,1454,2810,1394,1851,3297,1699,1757,3179,1643,2068,3708,1567,1765,3297,1717,1740,3339,1643,1698,3478,1699,628,1171,1662,1918,3473,1772,1054,1957,1432,2452,4557,1662,1008,1,52410,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,115,32,"PSI ENERGY, INC","R GALLAGHER",0,"BIT COAL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,228795,101724,280677,208492,94433,264483,157312,68908,321856,177541,78622,327010,219815,95103,325222,282888,123689,301473,287606,128632,273012,307948,143686,219622,142108,60394,233330,173570,72509,241738,224846,92953,254240,214410,90070,255848,1008,1,52410,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,2,115,35,"PSI ENERGY, INC","NOBLESVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,51,112,562,83,160,505,48,112,674,66,152,531,0,0,490,110,229,643,81,169,664,55,117,548,22,64,674,58,167,474,0,43,548,34,71,476,1007,1,52410,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,115,35,"PSI ENERGY, INC","NOBLESVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,11044,6031,55495,9455,4868,50627,3897,2460,49399,4036,2484,49078,-19,344,48734,11688,6456,42278,26318,14879,27399,34289,19561,18825,965,758,32438,3085,2324,49315,-104,155,61612,12274,6417,55744,1007,1,52410,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,2,115,38,"PSI ENERGY, INC","WABASH RIVR",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,2430,4476,2106,1459,2739,2128,1389,2692,1967,1849,3579,2218,1434,2758,1631,681,1290,2176,1683,3263,2148,2465,4797,2269,945,1807,2338,1000,1900,2380,729,1435,2430,2010,3862,1720,1010,1,52410,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,115,38,"PSI ENERGY, INC","WABASH RIVR",0,"BIT COAL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,269453,126688,229629,237554,115161,230254,111825,56100,288778,84991,42415,325474,75621,37146,348471,305101,147377,290801,239625,122121,244288,280979,141633,160506,165651,82144,169356,117517,58071,210036,143505,72409,218547,185588,91761,206945,1010,1,52410,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,3,2,115,38,"PSI ENERGY, INC","WABASH RIVR",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,22,41,295,6,12,283,29,57,226,36,71,155,22,43,283,17,33,250,46,91,336,25,50,286,1,2,283,16,31,37,14,29,343,5,10,333,1010,1,52410,"FO2","IC" 32,18,1,3,2,115,40,"PSI ENERGY, INC","MIAMI WBASH",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,-10,953,9190,166,743,8447,-197,894,7552,-39,60,7493,16,281,7212,81,612,6600,891,3627,5277,1034,3669,3913,-3,92,3821,-25,12,3809,-92,165,3644,-114,427,3217,1006,1,52410,"FO2","IC" 32,18,1,4,2,115,43,"PSI ENERGY, INC","CONNERSVILE",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,598,1430,6151,267,338,5812,185,528,5284,-1,88,5196,74,91,5105,363,946,4160,1734,3950,0,1728,5143,7132,123,299,6833,35,74,6797,36,197,6601,68,309,6291,1002,1,52410,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,2,2,115,47,"PSI ENERGY, INC","GIBSON STA",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,3573,6225,8026,3627,6211,8525,2908,4962,6089,2299,3933,7385,2638,4537,9046,4608,8201,6236,1193,2069,8692,1020,1752,9495,2262,3909,8491,2394,4067,6679,1306,2237,7725,1788,3105,5067,6113,1,52410,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,115,47,"PSI ENERGY, INC","GIBSON STA",0,"BIT COAL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,1411040,662768,2861774,1615449,737476,2742578,1641475,746285,2737505,1326993,600387,2789580,1389674,630387,2844473,1353290,632853,2819275,1781130,810634,2543921,1880261,844888,2374175,1610199,724136,2280260,1401722,620957,2297336,1703790,761235,2101523,1647889,748548,1888232,6113,1,52410,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,4,2,127,1,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","BROADWAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,1011,1,52727,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,4,9,127,1,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","BROADWAY",0,"NAT GAS",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,108,1488,0,31,496,0,72,936,0,66,992,0,675,9932,0,358,9922,0,3822,54621,0,11701,173627,0,131,4946,0,181,9912,0,586,4959,0,0,0,0,1011,1,52727,"NG","GT" 32,18,1,2,2,127,3,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","CULLEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,350,0,0,350,0,0,350,0,0,350,0,0,350,0,0,250,0,0,250,0,0,250,0,0,250,0,0,250,0,0,250,0,0,250,1012,1,52727,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,127,3,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","CULLEY",0,"BIT COAL",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,122067,60600,138140,167988,82419,159735,169634,79436,181228,114459,53639,191704,165848,81055,168418,184693,87570,154235,207611,100070,138520,218589,105190,134359,160446,77417,139667,174664,86907,135057,217251,106316,124021,205575,102713,115674,1012,1,52727,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,127,3,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","CULLEY",0,"NAT GAS",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,285,3090,0,126,1344,0,136,1410,0,300,3116,0,121,1311,0,107,1123,0,101,1082,0,285,3040,0,412,4406,0,312,3443,0,180,1935,0,153,1681,0,1012,1,52727,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,4,9,127,9,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","NORTHEAST",0,"NAT GAS",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,24,992,0,48,5399,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,22,2492,0,0,0,0,562,10295,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,23,3023,0,26,4467,0,1013,1,52727,"NG","GT" 32,18,1,2,6,127,20,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","WARRICK",0,"BIT COAL",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,95617,41510,100212,86572,39259,87257,96250,42312,89684,93020,40228,97629,96270,44344,83127,82739,38242,69870,89329,39892,44260,100497,44406,41656,97103,42826,35874,28941,12332,66823,92060,41077,55982,99718,45727,57793,6705,1,52727,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,127,20,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","WARRICK",0,"NAT GAS",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,27,261,0,112,1120,0,11,112,0,29,276,0,5,50,0,0,0,0,136,1318,0,83,796,0,0,0,0,295,2822,0,57,575,0,62,639,0,6705,1,52727,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,2,2,127,25,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","BROWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,1712,0,0,1437,0,0,2186,0,0,2151,0,0,1998,0,0,1988,0,0,2336,0,0,2336,0,0,2336,0,0,2336,0,0,2175,0,0,2175,6137,1,52727,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,127,25,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","BROWN",0,"BIT COAL",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,217766,95613,450544,147685,72927,476200,218223,106171,479883,196964,85661,485255,182235,86959,499237,216954,101195,498135,247301,113099,429991,275892,131703,360852,177911,84026,286413,238026,112468,229493,139223,67172,246596,170321,82481,189492,6137,1,52727,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,127,25,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","BROWN",0,"NAT GAS",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,728,7231,0,709,7962,0,465,5154,0,1271,12486,0,681,7404,0,869,9196,0,829,8558,0,910,9792,0,91,976,0,1005,9912,0,462,4959,0,1013,10609,0,6137,1,52727,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,4,2,127,25,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","BROWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,139,275,0,10,21,0,20,35,0,75,144,0,155,289,0,4,9,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,84,161,0,0,0,0,6137,1,52727,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,4,9,127,25,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","BROWN",0,"NAT GAS",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,371,3684,0,237,2668,0,72,799,0,244,2399,0,872,9478,0,725,7671,0,3499,36107,0,8313,89423,0,835,8917,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,115,1208,0,6137,1,52727,"NG","GT" 32,18,5,3,2,529,15,"BLUFFTON (CITY OF)","BLUFFTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",1896,"0A",1294,,,95,1,60,1391,2,67,1322,61,54,1600,8,70,1533,12,90,1444,17,90,1361,5,46,0,16,58,1746,9,46,1693,5,45,1674,1,9,1658,1,20,1637,1023,1,54077,"FO2","IC" 32,18,5,3,9,529,15,"BLUFFTON (CITY OF)","BLUFFTON",0,"NAT GAS",1896,"0A",1294,,,95,252,951,0,283,1047,0,187,936,0,252,888,0,327,1129,0,322,1124,0,21,749,0,165,1201,0,79,956,0,14,141,0,8,282,0,62,1131,0,1023,1,54077,"NG","IC" 32,18,5,2,6,552,1,"CRAWFORDSVILLE (CITY OF)","CRAWFRDVIL",0,"BIT COAL",4508,"M",1294,,,95,2633,2217,2514,2446,2032,2094,1890,1637,1012,0,12,1693,0,9,2211,497,408,1961,0,0,1961,1383,1034,1775,0,0,2801,0,0,2783,0,0,2783,2446,2070,2457,1024,1,50698,"BIT","ST" 32,18,5,2,9,552,1,"CTAWFORDSVILLE (CITY OF)","CRAWFRDVIL",0,"NAT GAS",4508,"M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,11,198,0,0,9,0,25,397,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1024,1,50698,"NG","ST" 32,18,5,3,2,552,1,"CRAWFORDSVILLE (CITY OF)","CRAWFRDVIL",0,"LIGHT OIL",4508,"M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1024,1,50698,"FO2","IC" 32,18,5,2,6,601,1,"JASPER (CITY OF)","JASPER",0,"BIT COAL",9667,"0A",1294,,,95,5717,4616,631,5399,3895,631,5890,4398,631,2952,2186,631,3065,2373,631,5988,4375,631,5621,4191,631,2798,2138,631,0,0,1075,5001,3514,1051,5782,4146,1096,5466,4050,1096,6225,1,51443,"BIT","ST" 32,18,5,2,9,601,1,"JASPER (CITY OF)","JASPER",0,"NAT GAS",9667,"0A",1294,,,95,20,339,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,16,267,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,14,206,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6225,1,51443,"NG","ST" 32,18,5,2,6,622,1,"LOGANSPORT (CITY OF)","LOGANSPORT",0,"BIT COAL",11142,"0M",1294,,,95,16294,10401,3093,15182,9658,2825,130,68,5257,0,0,7057,2842,2773,7049,15721,9566,3565,18496,9015,1600,18517,10895,1421,17032,9835,4095,8771,5557,5126,12606,7370,5733,23315,13078,934,1032,1,51681,"BIT","ST" 32,18,5,4,2,622,1,"LOGANSPORT (CITY OF)","LOGANSPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",11142,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,1032,1,51681,"FO2","GT" 32,18,5,4,9,622,1,"LOGANSPORT (CITY OF)","LOGANSPORT",0,"NAT GAS",11142,"0M",1294,,,95,127,2771,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,75,2842,0,0,0,0,217,5351,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1032,1,51681,"NG","GT" 32,18,5,2,2,658,1,"PERU UTILITIES","PERU",0,"LIGHT OIL",14839,"0M",1294,,,95,2,7,60,0,0,40,0,0,29,0,0,45,0,0,42,0,0,89,0,0,89,28,62,123,2,6,104,0,0,104,0,0,64,0,0,58,1037,1,52298,"FO2","ST" 32,18,5,2,6,658,1,"PERU UTILITIES","PERU",0,"BIT COAL",14839,"0M",1294,,,95,597,409,462,0,0,462,0,0,462,0,0,462,0,0,462,0,0,664,0,0,664,4138,2475,1193,1602,1122,71,0,0,71,0,0,71,0,0,71,1037,1,52298,"BIT","ST" 32,18,5,3,2,666,1,"RENSSELAER (CITY OF)","RENSSELAER",0,"LIGHT OIL",15860,"0A",1294,,,95,0,5,507,0,4,492,0,0,385,0,0,376,42,89,635,0,0,624,11,22,610,10,24,577,13,25,557,13,33,523,18,34,485,12,25,448,1038,1,52461,"FO2","IC" 32,18,5,3,9,666,1,"RENSSELAER (CITY OF)","RENSSELAER",0,"NAT GAS",15860,"0A",1294,,,95,12,2242,0,5,609,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1038,1,52461,"NG","IC" 32,18,5,2,2,669,10,"RICHMOND (CITY OF)","WHITEWATER",0,"LIGHT OIL",15989,"0M",1294,,,95,66,135,651,4,9,642,11,23,618,36,75,544,43,89,455,36,75,380,33,65,315,24,51,800,38,79,721,40,84,637,125,241,754,33,67,866,1040,1,52479,"FO2","ST" 32,18,5,2,6,669,10,"RICHMOND (CITY OF)","WHITEWATER",0,"BIT COAL",15989,"0M",1294,,,95,52567,26931,66546,54464,27521,59857,50869,26046,61570,37981,19323,61813,34761,18221,70185,50812,25880,63189,54367,27836,58351,55464,28592,56536,47367,24058,57432,31433,16236,61431,49216,24827,57518,55122,27935,65411,1040,1,52479,"BIT","ST" 32,18,8,2,2,849,5,"HOOSIER ENERGY RURAL","RATTS",0,"LIGHT OIL",9267,"0M",1294,,,95,36,63,331,24,42,427,57,99,328,82,143,185,157,271,264,220,383,175,69,123,225,64,116,273,67,119,314,72,130,300,169,298,360,213,374,345,1043,1,51339,"FO2","ST" 32,18,8,2,6,849,5,"HOOSIER ENERGY RURAL","RATTS",0,"BIT COAL",9267,"0M",1294,,,95,152672,68804,12521,138850,61631,20613,120820,54271,33350,149240,67046,34059,138601,62960,37387,104185,47642,37604,152193,70371,29049,149047,69157,33970,133611,61143,30823,84154,38731,32856,131727,59094,30160,146986,66592,32432,1043,1,51339,"BIT","ST" 32,18,8,2,2,849,10,"HOOSIER ENERGY RURAL","MEROM",0,"LIGHT OIL",9267,"0M",1294,,,95,195,354,6014,19,38,10415,677,1227,9188,41,76,9112,1799,3447,5664,1764,3378,7059,771,1387,5672,508,946,4725,1207,2219,7281,584,1062,6218,468,838,10208,592,1063,9145,6213,1,51339,"FO2","ST" 32,18,8,2,6,849,10,"HOOSIER ENERGY RURAL","MEROM",0,"BIT COAL",9267,"0M",1294,,,95,462676,222254,448322,417644,215416,460946,384780,184640,471566,246060,116767,519358,230592,116155,570294,429927,213604,544280,462605,221660,492415,499492,244053,429843,353022,171326,433018,376476,178855,429945,480027,227666,396833,503880,236844,364841,6213,1,51339,"BIT","ST" 32,18,9,4,2,900,5,"INDIANA MUN POWER AGENCY","ANDERSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",9234,"0M",1294,,,95,19,44,5010,33,68,4942,40,82,4860,14,24,4835,7,12,4824,25,62,4762,0,1,4761,1,4,4757,0,0,4757,14,27,4730,3,9,4721,10,13,4708,7336,1,19234,"FO2","GT" 32,18,9,4,9,900,5,"INDIANA MUN POWER AGENCY","ANDERSON",0,"NAT GAS",9234,"0M",1294,,,95,53,772,0,54,717,0,199,2578,0,66,914,0,31,416,0,481,7593,0,2482,36348,0,6354,89340,0,94,1557,0,64,1343,0,36,450,0,47,750,0,7336,1,19234,"NG","GT" 33,17,1,2,2,29,5,"CENTRAL ILLINOIS LIGHT CO","E D EDWARDS",0,"LIGHT OIL",3252,"0M",1294,,,95,580,979,551,369,645,642,581,1050,511,539,979,621,777,1362,571,696,1201,688,793,1392,574,425,792,507,571,980,634,610,991,501,329,558,506,455,759,491,856,4,50485,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,29,5,"CENTRAL ILLINOIS LIGHT CO","E D EDWARDS",0,"BIT COAL",3252,"0M",1294,,,95,278723,111505,170727,240983,94522,156151,283715,115017,142278,219332,90164,180893,314512,130292,145461,303524,124741,120263,294912,127410,143742,416665,181855,115286,215994,93604,136103,343831,139588,97044,284797,118784,138306,257830,101322,144327,856,4,50485,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,4,9,29,12,"CENTRAL ILLINOIS LIGHT CO","STERLING AV",0,"NAT GAS",3252,"0M",1294,,,95,91,1361,0,30,486,0,29,443,0,29,495,0,28,483,0,114,1973,0,236,4614,0,495,8477,0,62,1057,0,60,926,0,32,555,0,79,1259,0,860,4,50485,"NG","GT" 33,17,1,2,2,29,20,"CENTRAL ILLINOIS LIGHT CO","DUCK CREEK",0,"LIGHT OIL",3252,"0M",1294,,,95,464,794,607,155,264,573,38,67,506,39,69,437,368,658,640,47,83,557,76,135,598,252,429,597,203,353,523,461,865,374,191,334,581,221,383,548,6016,4,50485,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,29,20,"CENTRAL ILLINOIS LIGHT CO","DUCK CREEK",0,"BIT COAL",3252,"0M",1294,,,95,186107,88236,146013,184996,85972,174445,212342,99989,207941,178133,85191,199728,101736,49494,191824,209741,99840,163763,218825,104416,121412,182815,87426,161492,205874,98086,126656,49432,25199,182072,221479,104789,147984,208001,98018,120664,6016,4,50485,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,9,29,25,"CENTRAL ILLINOIS LIGHT CO","MIDWEST GRN",0,"NAT GAS",3252,"0M",694,"A",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1987,12379,0,4809,36302,0,4873,33446,0,2693,19047,0,0,0,0,3046,22292,0,4051,25863,0,7384,4,50485,"NG","ST" 33,17,1,2,2,32,2,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","COFFEEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,281,528,4129,159,291,4010,394,749,4105,523,1002,3949,771,1637,3876,506,903,4329,271,491,4241,39,71,3944,249,436,4034,521,930,3986,417,729,4572,962,1745,3927,861,4,50486,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,32,2,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","COFFEEN",0,"BIT COAL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,365821,196265,250663,291393,151752,268915,248792,134522,254062,79012,43562,287270,49602,29698,377234,331239,171527,392358,397070,207104,345747,370867,195382,346249,139189,69530,387149,251535,126615,387760,291764,143554,406398,266300,137380,362886,861,4,50486,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,2,32,5,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","GRAND TOWER",0,"LIGHT OIL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,146,294,559,222,423,494,139,267,578,60,171,742,-59,75,667,310,600,753,324,626,481,405,753,769,154,287,834,78,162,672,389,761,607,217,428,533,862,4,50486,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,32,5,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","GRAND TOWER",0,"BIT COAL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,19817,10029,48685,18173,8634,59296,12650,6089,70908,3933,2772,73473,-503,161,78207,17238,8399,74696,44644,21400,58784,77238,35607,26412,11609,5363,31994,11150,5893,34133,57466,27803,19044,47800,23991,32368,862,4,50486,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,2,32,10,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","HUTSONVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,72,148,1592,254,501,1092,252,532,1126,117,284,1556,421,883,1560,398,781,1662,440,832,1760,236,429,1331,196,323,1008,158,382,1338,346,655,1437,140,264,1173,863,4,50486,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,32,10,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","HUTSONVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,17493,9580,55605,13103,6803,61393,11330,6319,65444,3457,2220,70186,6929,4012,73260,18641,9997,71065,43752,22295,48771,75386,37255,19363,5801,2524,33120,7107,4480,39773,44924,22754,26665,48938,24435,23714,863,4,50486,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,3,2,32,10,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","HUTSONVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,5,10,124,0,0,126,0,0,130,5,9,121,5,9,106,0,0,106,15,30,72,10,21,233,0,0,229,0,0,228,5,9,225,0,0,227,863,4,50486,"FO2","IC" 33,17,1,2,2,32,15,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","MEREDOSIA",0,"LIGHT OIL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,276,524,1245,240,455,1295,109,257,1541,576,1050,1518,264,464,1396,272,471,1722,478,864,1170,665,1188,1390,137,250,1672,104,202,1469,-609,0,1671,636,1140,1388,864,4,50486,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,3,32,15,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","MEREDOSIA",0,"HEAVY OIL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,-878,0,41246,-869,0,41246,-953,0,41246,-789,0,41246,-6,0,41246,1105,5986,35342,1753,6017,29342,6547,17169,22153,-808,333,23977,-646,0,42084,996,1890,42084,-711,0,42084,864,4,50486,"FO6","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,32,15,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","MEREDOSIA",0,"BIT COAL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,66774,32586,105182,41839,21008,131939,15303,9402,148998,70146,32222,148546,91295,40883,144840,111244,50699,134953,137571,64325,109649,184516,85228,55561,77698,37291,62196,86881,43240,73623,78143,41045,82454,97009,48373,93368,864,4,50486,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,2,32,20,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","NEWTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,844,1577,4500,512,956,5160,1182,2043,4716,553,984,5869,379,679,5723,681,1231,5199,190,328,5578,942,1748,4784,746,1331,5217,282,508,5420,60,105,5315,649,3661,4337,6017,4,50486,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,32,20,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","NEWTON",0,"BIT COAL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,556271,262272,366063,518547,246265,373901,546762,245831,417351,503402,237591,446819,516641,244361,536330,468640,219703,623301,560024,252360,476964,466441,225593,612105,491641,228921,632582,454181,204761,666122,359030,160358,746315,378431,180592,722338,6017,4,50486,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,1,,41,1,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","DIXON",0,,4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,1217,0,0,1001,0,0,1400,0,0,1473,0,0,1443,0,0,1109,0,0,1264,0,0,1341,0,0,1211,0,0,1365,0,0,1603,0,0,1067,0,0,868,4,50643,"WAT","HY" 33,17,1,2,1,41,1,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","QUAD CITIES",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,265985,0,0,516483,0,0,563772,0,0,556271,0,0,570166,0,0,541658,0,0,537742,0,0,552522,0,0,533277,0,0,383182,0,0,293985,0,0,571167,0,0,880,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,1,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","BRAIDWOOD",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,845089,0,0,487988,0,0,443133,0,0,527594,0,0,838888,0,0,802928,0,0,825056,0,0,825520,0,0,701927,0,0,-9715,0,0,-10027,0,0,307159,0,0,6022,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,1,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","BYRON",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,766116,0,0,735235,0,0,817602,0,0,779568,0,0,804172,0,0,742334,0,0,790248,0,0,800198,0,0,786058,0,0,542611,0,0,-9310,0,0,142399,0,0,6023,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,1,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","LASALLE CTY",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,813809,0,0,531418,0,0,813835,0,0,788528,0,0,782478,0,0,561931,0,0,750639,0,0,609485,0,0,617973,0,0,773354,0,0,684375,0,0,641459,0,0,6026,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,1,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","ZION",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,777628,0,0,706122,0,0,778794,0,0,744367,0,0,679639,0,0,751346,0,0,778214,0,0,771971,0,0,190946,0,0,-8633,0,0,-8349,0,0,290089,0,0,885,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,2,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","ZION",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,62829,0,0,-7517,0,0,-8823,0,0,214602,0,0,763695,0,0,707962,0,0,768388,0,0,745403,0,0,742149,0,0,737928,0,0,708434,0,0,471011,0,0,885,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,2,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","LASALLE CTY",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,805795,0,0,433271,0,0,-8184,0,0,-8016,0,0,-8927,0,0,375943,0,0,773928,0,0,744199,0,0,446327,0,0,816638,0,0,792434,0,0,804502,0,0,6026,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,2,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","BYRON",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,753651,0,0,166639,0,0,50362,0,0,767250,0,0,824285,0,0,786866,0,0,797334,0,0,811901,0,0,764206,0,0,832898,0,0,804540,0,0,823838,0,0,6023,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,2,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","BRAIDWOOD",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,839335,0,0,759006,0,0,840028,0,0,777131,0,0,635751,0,0,794146,0,0,802182,0,0,795885,0,0,801537,0,0,846700,0,0,810185,0,0,831152,0,0,6022,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,2,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","QUAD CITIES",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,501116,0,0,453211,0,0,58157,0,0,-5752,0,0,-5952,0,0,-5994,0,0,-6618,0,0,93771,0,0,422180,0,0,318808,0,0,77988,0,0,571746,0,0,880,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,2,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","DRESDEN",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,535595,0,0,493244,0,0,81638,0,0,302574,0,0,449851,0,0,27639,0,0,-3615,0,0,-4287,0,0,-5566,0,0,-5704,0,0,-5672,0,0,-5963,0,0,869,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,3,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","DRESDEN",0,"NUCLEAR",411