Screened Hybrid and DFT + U Studies of the Structural, Electronic, and Optical Properties of U3O8
Wen, Xiaodong; Martin, Richard L.; Scuseria, Gustavo E.; Rudin, Sven P.; Batista, Enrique R.; Burrell, Anthony K.
2012-11-26T23:59:59.000Z
A systematic comparison of the structures and electronic and optical properties of U3O8 in the c2mm, P¯62m, and P21/m structures (the ?, ?, and ? phases, respectively) is performed using density functional theory + U (PBE + U) and the Heyd–Scuseria–Ernzerhof screened hybrid functional (HSE). The relationship between the semiconducting C2mm phase of U3O8 and the high temperature, metallic P¯62m phase is explored in more detail. Our calculated results show that the HSE functional gives a better description of the electronic and optical properties when compared with available experimental data for the ? and ? phases, but neither approach does particularly well for the high pressure ? phase.
Thermal Reactions of Uranium Metal, UO2, U3O8, UF4, and UO2F2 with NF3 to Produce UF6
McNamara, Bruce K.; Scheele, Randall D.; Kozelisky, Anne E.; Edwards, Matthew K.
2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
he objective of this paper is to demonstrate that NF3 fluorinates uranium metal, UO2, UF4, UO3, U3O8, and UO2F2•2H2O to produce the volatile UF6 at temperatures between 100 and 500?C. Thermogravimetric reaction profiles are described that reflect changes in the uranium oxidation state and discrete chemical speciation. Differences in the onset temperatures for each system indicate that NF3-substrate interactions are important for the temperature at which NF3 reacts: U metal > UO3 > UO2 > UO2F2 > UF4 and in fact may indicate different fluorination mechanisms for these various substrates. These studies demonstrate that NF3 is a potential replacement fluorinating agent in the existing nuclear fuel cycle and in oft-proposed actinide volatility reprocessing.
Calibration Model Assignments expressed as U3O8, Summary Table ES-1 |
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankShale_Gas.pdfService on the TargetFY12Environmentto WholeII21,0:511:88:447NREL- NWTCCadmium
Equivalence and Order Section 1: Equivalence
Bernstein, Daniel
Unit EO Equivalence and Order Section 1: Equivalence The concept of an equivalence relation to us, as "equivalence relation" turns out to be just another name for "partition of a set." Our start with the definition. Definition 1 (Equivalence relation) An equivalence relation on a set
Testing Model Nesting and Equivalence
Peter M. Bentler; Albert Satorra
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
sense of observational equivalence, implying that theirModel Nesting and Equivalence* Peter M. Bentler UniversityModel Nesting and Equivalence Using existing technology, it
Testing Model Nesting and Equivalence
Bentler, Peter M.; Satorra, Albert
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
sense of observational equivalence, implying that theirModel Nesting and Equivalence* Peter M. Bentler UniversityModel Nesting and Equivalence Using existing technology, it
Morita equivalence and duality
Albert Schwarz
1998-05-07T23:59:59.000Z
It was shown by Connes, Douglas, Schwarz[1] that one can compactify M(atrix) theory on noncommutative torus. We prove that compactifications on Morita equivalent tori are physically equivalent. This statement can be considered as a generalization of non-classical duality conjectured in [1] for two-dimensional tori.
Nonequivalence of equivalence principles
Eolo Di Casola; Stefano Liberati; Sebastiano Sonego
2015-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
Equivalence principles played a central role in the development of general relativity. Furthermore, they have provided operative procedures for testing the validity of general relativity, or constraining competing theories of gravitation. This has led to a flourishing of different, and inequivalent, formulations of these principles, with the undesired consequence that often the same name, "equivalence principle", is associated with statements having a quite different physical meaning. In this paper we provide a precise formulation of the several incarnations of the equivalence principle, clarifying their uses and reciprocal relations. We also discuss their possible role as selecting principles in the design and classification of viable theories of gravitation.
Olsher, Richard H. (Los Alamos, NM); Hsu, Hsiao-Hua (Los Alamos, NM); Casson, William H. (Los Alamos, NM); Vasilik, Dennis G. (Los Alamos, NM); Kleck, Jeffrey H. (Menlo Park, CA); Beverding, Anthony (Foster City, CA)
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A neutron dose equivalent detector for measuring neutron dose capable of accurately responding to neutron energies according to published fluence to dose curves. The neutron dose equivalent meter has an inner sphere of polyethylene, with a middle shell overlying the inner sphere, the middle shell comprising RTV.RTM. silicone (organosiloxane) loaded with boron. An outer shell overlies the middle shell and comprises polyethylene loaded with tungsten. The neutron dose equivalent meter defines a channel through the outer shell, the middle shell, and the inner sphere for accepting a neutron counter tube. The outer shell is loaded with tungsten to provide neutron generation, increasing the neutron dose equivalent meter's response sensitivity above 8 MeV.
Koetter, Ralf
In earlier work, we described an equivalence result for network capacity. Roughly, that result is as follows. Given a network of noisy, memoryless, point-to-point channels, replace each channel by a noiseless, memoryless ...
Broughton, S. Allen
1 Equivalence of Real Elliptic CurvesEquivalence of Real Elliptic Curves Part 2Part 2 -- Birational EquivalenceBirational Equivalence Allen Broughton Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology #12;2 CreditsCredits Discussion with Ken McMurdy #12;3 OutlineOutline -- 11 Recap of linear equivalence Complex elliptic curves
Equivalence and Strong Equivalence between Sparsest and Least ...
2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
Equivalence and Strong Equivalence between. Sparsest and Least l1-Norm Nonnegative Solutions of. Linear Systems and Their Application. YUN-BIN ZHAO ?.
Confounding Equivalence in Causal Inference
Pearl, Judea; Paz, Azaria
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
July 2010 Confounding Equivalence in Causal Inference Judeawise process of testing c-equivalence, T ? T 1 ? T 2 ? . . .wish to assess, using c-equivalence tests, whether a given
Free products, Orbit Equivalence and Measure Equivalence Rigidity
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Free products, Orbit Equivalence and Measure Equivalence Rigidity Aur´elien Alvarez and Damien Gaboriau February 18, 2009 Abstract We study the analogue in orbit equivalence of free product decomposition and free indecomposability for countable groups. We introduce the (orbit equivalence invariant
Equivalence relations which reduce all Borel equivalence relations
Clemens, John D.
Equivalence relations which reduce all Borel equivalence relations John D. Clemens June 25, 2007 Abstract We study equivalence relations E such that every Borel equiva- lence relation is Borel reducible of equality of Borel sets, and show that this is not a minimal such re- lation among co-analytic equivalence
Equivalence Principle and Clocks
T. Damour
1999-04-14T23:59:59.000Z
String theory suggests the existence of gravitational-strength scalar fields ("dilaton" and "moduli") whose couplings to matter violate the equivalence principle. This provides a new motivation for high-precision clock experiments, as well as a generic theoretical framework for analyzing their significance.
GENERATING EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS BY HOMEOMORPHISMS
Clemens, John D.
GENERATING EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS BY HOMEOMORPHISMS JOHN D. CLEMENS Abstract. We give a construction of a single homeomorphism of 2N which generates the equivalence relation E0. We then consider ways of generating this equivalence relation using homeomorphisms with nicer structural properties, and show
Equivalence in Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality
Sherman, Max
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Equivalence in Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality M. H.have a method for determining equivalence in terms of eitherwe need to establish an equivalence principle that allows
Recursion theory and countable Borel equivalence relations
Marks, Andrew
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and countable Borel equivalence ii 2 Overture 2.1 A simplecountable Borel equivalence relations 3.1 Consequences ofof arithmetic equivalence . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Ergodicity
Expression equivalence checking using interval analysis
Ghodrat, Mohammad Ali; Givargis, Tony; Nicolau, Alex
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Z. Zhou and W. Burleson, “Equivalence checking of datapathsusing combinational equivalence for extensible processor,”et al. : EXPRESSION EQUIVALENCE CHECKING USING INTERVAL
Free products, Orbit Equivalence and Measure Equivalence Rigidity
Gaboriau, Damien
Free products, Orbit Equivalence and Measure Equivalence Rigidity Aurélien Alvarez and Damien free products of non-amenable groups with vanishing first 2-Betti numbers is induced by measure in free product decompo- sitions, in the measurable context. To this end, we will take full advantage
Free products, Orbit Equivalence and Measure Equivalence Rigidity
d'Orléans, Université
Free products, Orbit Equivalence and Measure Equivalence Rigidity Aurélien Alvarez and Damien two free products of non-amenable groups with vanishing first 2-Betti numbers is induced by measure in free product decompo- sitions, in the measurable context. To this end, we will take full advantage
Mathematical Equivalence vs. Physical Equivalence between Extended Theories of Gravitations
L. Fatibene; M. Francaviglia
2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z
We shall show that although Palatini f(R)-theories are equivalent to Brans-Dicke theories, still the first pass the Mercury precession of perihelia test, while the second do not. We argue that the two models are not physically equivalent due to a different assumptions about free fall. We shall also go through perihelia test without fixing a conformal gauge (clocks or rulers) in order to highlight what can be measured in a conformal invariant way and what cannot. We shall argue that the conformal gauge is broken by choosing a definition of clock, rulers or, equivalently, of masses.
Articulating feedstock delivery device
Jordan, Kevin
2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z
A fully articulable feedstock delivery device that is designed to operate at pressure and temperature extremes. The device incorporates an articulating ball assembly which allows for more accurate delivery of the feedstock to a target location. The device is suitable for a variety of applications including, but not limited to, delivery of feedstock to a high-pressure reaction chamber or process zone.
and Infrastructure Technology Program Hydrogen Production and Delivery Team #12;Hydrogen Delivery GoalHydrogen infrastructure for the introduction and long-term use of hydrogen for transportation and stationary power definition of a cost effective hydrogen fuel delivery infrastructure for the introduction and long term use
Analytic equivalence relations and bi-embeddability
Ros, Luca Motto
Analytic equivalence relations and bi-embeddability Luca Motto Ros Kurt G¨odel Research Center Analytic equivalence relations and bi-embeddability #12;Analytic equivalence relations A subset of a Polish Analytic equivalence relations and bi-embeddability #12;Analytic equivalence relations A subset of a Polish
Morita Equivalence in Deformation Quantization Henrique Bursztyn
Bursztyn, Henrique
Morita Equivalence in Deformation Quantization by Henrique Bursztyn Engineer (Universidade Federal at Berkeley Spring 2001 #12;Morita Equivalence in Deformation Quantization Copyright 2001 by Henrique Bursztyn #12;1 Abstract Morita Equivalence in Deformation Quantization by Henrique Bursztyn Doctor
Analytic equivalence of geometric transitions
Michele Rossi
2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper \\emph{analytic equivalence} of geometric transition is defined in such a way that equivalence classes of geometric transitions turn out to be the \\emph{arrows} of the \\cy web. Then it seems natural and useful, both from the mathematical and physical point of view, look for privileged arrows' representatives, called \\emph{canonical models}, laying the foundations of an \\emph{analytic} classification of geometric transitions. At this purpose a numerical invariant, called \\emph{bi--degree}, summarizing the topological, geometric and physical changing properties of a geometric transition, is defined for a large class of geometric transitions.
Farlow, Jerry
Section 3.3 Equivalence Relations1 Section 3.3 Equivalence RelationSection 3.3 Equivalence RelationSection 3.3 Equivalence RelationSection 3.3 Equivalence Relationssss Purpose of SectionPurpose of SectionPurpose of SectionPurpose of Section To introduce the concept of an equivalence relationequivalence
Equivalence of Learning Algorithms Julien Audiffren1
Equivalence of Learning Algorithms Julien Audiffren1 and Hachem Kadri2 1 CMLA, ENS Cachan is to introduce a concept of equivalence between machine learn- ing algorithms. We define two notions of algorithmic equivalence, namely, weak and strong equivalence. These notions are of paramount importance
EQUIVARIANT FLOW EQUIVALENCE FOR SHIFTS OF FINITE TYPE, BY MATRIX EQUIVALENCE OVER
Boyle, Mike
EQUIVARIANT FLOW EQUIVALENCE FOR SHIFTS OF FINITE TYPE, BY MATRIX EQUIVALENCE OVER GROUP RINGS MIKE equivalence of nontrivial irreducible shifts of finite type in terms of (i) elementary equivalence of matrices. In the case G = Z/2, we have the classification for twistwise flow equivalence. We include some algebraic
EQUIVARIANT FLOW EQUIVALENCE FOR SHIFTS OF FINITE TYPE, BY MATRIX EQUIVALENCE OVER
Sullivan, Michael
EQUIVARIANT FLOW EQUIVALENCE FOR SHIFTS OF FINITE TYPE, BY MATRIX EQUIVALENCE OVER GROUP RINGS MIKE equivalence of nontrivial irreducible shifts of #12;nite type in terms of (i) elementary equivalence vertex. In the case G = Z=2, we have the classi#12;cation for twistwise ow equivalence. We include some
Snow water equivalent estimation using blackbox optimization
Alarie et al.
2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 23, 2011 ... Abstract: Accurate measurements of snow water equivalent (SWE) is an ... managing water resources for hydroelectric power generation.
Optimization Online - Equivalence of Convex Problem Geometry ...
Robert Freund
2009-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 7, 2009 ... Equivalence of Convex Problem Geometry and Computational Complexity in the Separation Oracle Model. Robert Freund (rfreund ***at*** ...
EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS ON ALGEBRAIC CYCLES UWE JANNSEN
EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS ON ALGEBRAIC CYCLES UWE JANNSEN Mathematisches Institut Universit¨at zu K, and it is common to study the groups of algebraic cycles via socalled adequate equivalence relations. For example, the basic Chow groups are defined by considering cycles modulo rational equivalence. Rational, algebraic
Characterizing Contextual Equivalence in Calculi with Passivation
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Characterizing Contextual Equivalence in Calculi with Passivation Sergue¨i Lengleta , Alan Schmittb We study the problem of characterizing contextual equivalence in higher-order languages of contextual equivalence in the HOP calculus, an extension of the higher-order -calculus with passivation
ACQUIRED EQUIVALENCE CHANGES STIMULUS REPRESENTATIONS , D. SHOHAMY
Shohamy, Daphna
ACQUIRED EQUIVALENCE CHANGES STIMULUS REPRESENTATIONS M. MEETER 1 , D. SHOHAMY 2 , AND C.E. MYERS 3 UNIVERSITY 3 DEPT. OF PSYCHOLOGY, RUTGERS UNIVERSITY Acquired equivalence is a paradigm in which of feature salience. A different way of conceptualizing acquired equivalence is in terms of strategic
Operational Equivalence of Graph Transformation Systems
Sarna-Starosta, Beata
Operational Equivalence of Graph Transformation Systems Frank Raiser and Thom FrÂ¨uhwirth Faculty. With the growing number of GTS- based applications the comparison of operational equivalence of two GTS becomes an important area of research. This work introduces a notion of operational equivalence for graph
Categorical Equivalence of Varieties and Invariant Relations
Jipsen, Peter
Categorical Equivalence of Varieties and Invariant Relations K. Denecke and O. Lders August 21. In applications the weaker concept of an equivalence between categories is used more often than the concept is equivalent with the category of all vector spaces which are dual to the vector spaces from C. For two
8 Equivalence Relations 8.1 Relations
Gera, Ralucca
8 Equivalence Relations 8.1 Relations 1. for sets A and B we define a relation from A to B have that if (a, b) R and (b, c) R then (a, c) R 8.3 Equivalence Relations 1. a relation is an equivalence relation if it is reflexive, symmetric and transitive 2. if a relation R on a set
Equivalence of Julesz Ensembles and Frame Models
Ying Nian Wu; Song Chun Zhu; Xiu Wen Liu
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
o f , A . 1979. " T h e equivalence of ensembles a n d G i bEquivalence of Julesz Ensembles and F R A M E Models Y i n gr i n c i p l e of equivalence of ensembles i n statistical
Orbit equivalence for Cantor minimal Zd
Putnam, Ian F.
Orbit equivalence for Cantor minimal Zd -systems Thierry Giordano Department of Mathematics on the Cantor set is (topologically) orbit equivalent to an AF relation. As a consequence, this extends the classification up to orbit equivalence of minimal dynamical systems on the Cantor set to include AF relations
The Non-Equivalence of Empirically Equivalent Theories: The Case of Hidden Variables in
Chopra, Samir
The Non-Equivalence of Empirically Equivalent Theories: The Case of Hidden Variables in Quantum 43rd Street New York, NY 10036 schopra@broadway.gc.cuny.edu September 28, 2000 1 #12; The Non-Equivalence of Empirically Equivalent Theories: The Case of Hidden Variables in Quantum Mechanics 1 Introduction The problem
Periodic equivalence ratio modulation method and apparatus for controlling combustion instability
Richards, George A. (Morgantown, WV); Janus, Michael C. (Baltimore, MD); Griffith, Richard A. (Morgantown, WV)
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The periodic equivalence ratio modulation (PERM) method and apparatus significantly reduces and/or eliminates unstable conditions within a combustion chamber. The method involves modulating the equivalence ratio for the combustion device, such that the combustion device periodically operates outside of an identified unstable oscillation region. The equivalence ratio is modulated between preselected reference points, according to the shape of the oscillation region and operating parameters of the system. Preferably, the equivalence ratio is modulated from a first stable condition to a second stable condition, and, alternatively, the equivalence ratio is modulated from a stable condition to an unstable condition. The method is further applicable to multi-nozzle combustor designs, whereby individual nozzles are alternately modulated from stable to unstable conditions. Periodic equivalence ratio modulation (PERM) is accomplished by active control involving periodic, low frequency fuel modulation, whereby low frequency fuel pulses are injected into the main fuel delivery. Importantly, the fuel pulses are injected at a rate so as not to affect the desired time-average equivalence ratio for the combustion device.
Periodic equivalence ratio modulation method and apparatus for controlling combustion instability
Richards, G.A.; Janus, M.C.; Griffith, R.A.
2000-05-09T23:59:59.000Z
The periodic equivalence ratio modulation (PERM) method and apparatus significantly reduces and/or eliminates unstable conditions within a combustion chamber. The method involves modulating the equivalence ratio for the combustion device, such that the combustion device periodically operates outside of an identified unstable oscillation region. The equivalence ratio is modulated between preselected reference points, according to the shape of the oscillation region and operating parameters of the system. Preferably, the equivalence ratio is modulated from a first stable condition to a second stable condition, and, alternatively, the equivalence ratio is modulated from a stable condition to an unstable condition. The method is further applicable to multi-nozzle combustor designs, whereby individual nozzles are alternately modulated from stable to unstable conditions. Periodic equivalence ratio modulation (PERM) is accomplished by active control involving periodic, low frequency fuel modulation, whereby low frequency fuel pulses are injected into the main fuel delivery. Importantly, the fuel pulses are injected at a rate so as not to affect the desired time-average equivalence ratio for the combustion device.
Hydrogen Delivery Related Links | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Hydrogen Delivery Related Links Hydrogen Delivery Related Links The following resources provide details about U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-funded hydrogen delivery activities,...
Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity | Department of Energy
Services Cybersecurity Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity About the Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems Program A key mission...
Gaseous Hydrogen Delivery Breakout- Strategic Directions for Hydrogen Delivery Workshop
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Targets, barriers and research and development priorities for gaseous delivery of hydrogen through hydrogen and natural gas pipelines.
New South Wales, University of
Catheter Lab Boiler House Main Entry Short Street ChapelStreet Vehicle Exit 23. Gray Street Car ParkingService Entry Waste Handling Area Delivery Area Admissions Entrance Inquiries Desk Cafeteria Coffee in July 2000 Vehicle Entry Emergency Main Entrance TOKOGARAHRAILWAYSTATION LEGEND Areas under construction
Hydrogen Delivery- Current Technology
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Hydrogen is transported from the point of production to the point of use via pipeline, over the road in cryogenic liquid trucks or gaseous tube trailers, or by rail or barge. Read on to learn more about current hydrogen delivery and storage technologies.
Hoff, Brian D.; Johnson, Kris William; Algrain, Marcelo C.; Akasam, Sivaprasad
2006-06-06T23:59:59.000Z
A method of controlling the delivery of fluid to an engine includes receiving a fuel flow rate signal. An electric pump is arranged to deliver fluid to the engine. The speed of the electric pump is controlled based on the fuel flow rate signal.
Limits of Equivalence: Thinking Gay Male Subjectivity Outside Feminist Theory
Galloway, Samuel R.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Limits of Equivalence: Thinking Gay Male Subjectivityor this limit of equivalence? The problem, of course, ispaper, the limits of equivalence emerge: while all subjects
Hydrogen Delivery Liquefaction and Compression
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Hydrogen Delivery Liquefaction and Compression - Overview of commercial hydrogen liquefaction and compression and opportunities to improve efficiencies and reduce cost.
About Orientifold Planar Equivalence on the Lattice
Agostino Patella
2006-10-04T23:59:59.000Z
The orientifold planar equivalence is the equivalence in the large-N limit of the bosonic sectors of the super Yang-Mills and the QCD with a quark in the antisymmetric representation. I give a sketch of the proof of the orientifold planar equivalence in the strong-coupling and large-mass phase on the lattice. It is still matter of discussion, if its validity extends also in the continuum limit.
Snow water equivalent estimation using blackbox optimization
StÃ©phane Alarie
2011-03-07T23:59:59.000Z
Mar 7, 2011 ... Abstract: Accurate measurements of snow water equivalent (SWE) is an important factor in managing water resources for hydroelectric power ...
Morita Equivalence in Deformation Quantization Henrique Bursztyn
Bursztyn, Henrique
do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) 1996 M.Sc. (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.2 Morita equivalence of unital algebras . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2
Optimization Online - Equivalence of an Approximate Linear ...
Alejandro Toriello
2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 7, 2013 ... Equivalence of an Approximate Linear Programming Bound with the Held-Karp Bound for the Traveling Salesman Problem. Alejandro Toriello ...
Optimization Online - On Equivalence of Semidefinite Relaxations ...
Yichuan Ding
2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 28, 2010 ... On Equivalence of Semidefinite Relaxations for Quadratic Matrix Programming. Yichuan Ding(y7ding ***at*** stanford.edu) Dongdong ...
Dynamical ensembles equivalence in fluid mechanics
Giovanni Gallavotti
1996-05-09T23:59:59.000Z
Dissipative Euler and Navier Stokes equations are discussed with the aim of proposing several experiments apt to test the equivalence of dynamical ensembles and the chaotic hypothesis.
MFRC Training Development & Delivery Program - Bloodstain & Toxicology...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
MFRC Training Development & Delivery Program - Bloodstain & Toxicology DESCRIPTION: The Midwest Forensics Resource Center (MFRC) Training Development and Delivery Program increases...
Guessing Attacks and the Computational Soundness of Static Equivalence
Warinschi, Bogdan
Guessing Attacks and the Computational Soundness of Static Equivalence Martin Abadi1 , Mathieu static equivalence. Static equivalence depends on an underlying equa- tional theory. The choice, fundamental cryp- tographic operations. This equational theory yields a notion of static equivalence
Borel equivalence relations which are highly unfree Greg Hjorth
Hjorth, Greg
* Borel equivalence relations Abstract There is an ergodic, measure preserving, countable Borel equivalence rel* *ation E equivalence relati* *ons may be reduced to Borel equivalence relations arising from a free group action
Characterization of Revenue Equivalence Birgit Heydenreich1
Sandholm, Tuomas W.
Characterization of Revenue Equivalence Birgit Heydenreich1 Rudolf MÂ¨uller1 Marc Uetz1 Rakesh Vohra strategies by a unique payment scheme is called revenue equivalence. In this paper we give a characterization. The characterization holds for any (possibly infinite) outcome space and many of the known results about revenue
Remarks on statistical errors in equivalent widths
Klaus Vollmann; Thomas Eversberg
2006-07-03T23:59:59.000Z
Equivalent width measurements for rapid line variability in atomic spectral lines are degraded by increasing error bars with shorter exposure times. We derive an expression for the error of the line equivalent width $\\sigma(W_\\lambda)$ with respect to pure photon noise statistics and provide a correction value for previous calculations.
The Equivalence of Linear Programs and Zero-Sum Games
2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
In 1951, Dantzig showed the equivalence of linear programming problems and ... This note concerns the equivalence between linear programming (LP) ...
THEOREM 1.1.1 The distinct equivalence classes of an equivalence ...
Preliminary Notions Ch.1. THEOREM 1.1.1 The distinct equivalence classes of an equivalence relation on A provide us with a decomposition of A as a union of ...
Equivalence in Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality
Sherman, Max; Walker, Iain; Logue, Jennifer
2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
We ventilate buildings to provide acceptable indoor air quality (IAQ). Ventilation standards (such as American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Enginners [ASHRAE] Standard 62) specify minimum ventilation rates without taking into account the impact of those rates on IAQ. Innovative ventilation management is often a desirable element of reducing energy consumption or improving IAQ or comfort. Variable ventilation is one innovative strategy. To use variable ventilation in a way that meets standards, it is necessary to have a method for determining equivalence in terms of either ventilation or indoor air quality. This study develops methods to calculate either equivalent ventilation or equivalent IAQ. We demonstrate that equivalent ventilation can be used as the basis for dynamic ventilation control, reducing peak load and infiltration of outdoor contaminants. We also show that equivalent IAQ could allow some contaminants to exceed current standards if other contaminants are more stringently controlled.
Equivalence Relations in Set Theory, Computation Theory and Complexity Theory
Equivalence Relations in Set Theory, Computation Theory and Complexity Theory Denable Equivalence-preserving transformations Unitary equivalence of unitary operators Conformal equivalence of Riemann surfaces These are analytic (1 1 with parameters) equivalence relations on Polish spaces (think of the reals) #12;Equivalence
Office of Electricity Delivery
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g e OctoberEnergy FormerSites |BGE'sOctoberOPMEnergyElectricity Delivery and Energy Reliability
Energy Conservation Project Evaluation by Investment Equivalents
Larson, R. J.
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Using discounted cash flow techniques, a new parameter for the quick economic evaluation of energy conservation ideas is calculated. The meaning of the calculated value, an 'Investment Equivalent of Energy Saving', is: 'The maximum amount...
Bisimulations Meet PCTL Equivalences for Probabilistic Automata
Song, Lei; Godskesen, Jens Chr
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Probabilistic automata (PA) have been successfully applied in the formal verification of concurrent and stochastic systems. Efficient model checking algorithms have been studied, where the most often used logics for expressing properties are based on PCTL and its extension PCTL*. Various behavioral equivalences are proposed for PAs, as a powerful tool for abstraction and compositional minimization for PAs. Unfortunately, the behavioral equivalences are well-known to be strictly stronger than the logical equivalences induced by PCTL or PCTL*. This paper introduces novel notions of strong bisimulation relations, which characterizes PCTL and PCTL* exactly. We also extend weak bisimulations characterizing PCTL and PCTL* without next operator, respectively. Thus, our paper bridges the gap between logical and behavioral equivalences in this setting.
On Process Equivalence = Equation Solving in CCS
Bundy, Alan; Monroy, Raul; Green, Ian
Unique Fixpoint Induction (UFI) is the chief inference rule to prove the equivalence of recursive processes in the Calculus of Communicating Systems (CCS) (Milner 1989). It plays a major role in the equational approach to verification. Equational...
Energy Conservation Project Evaluation by Investment Equivalents
Larson, R. J.
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Using discounted cash flow techniques, a new parameter for the quick economic evaluation of energy conservation ideas is calculated. The meaning of the calculated value, an 'Investment Equivalent of Energy Saving', is: 'The maximum amount...
Equivalence semantics for concurrency: comparison and application
Galpin, Vashti C
are described by structured operational semantics, and expressed as labelled transition systems. I first consider a hierarchy of bisimulations for extensions to CCS, using both existing and new results to describe the relationships between their equivalences...
Sandia National Laboratories: Hydrogen Delivery
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
in operating conditions between current hydrogen pipelines and those anticipated in a hydrogen delivery infrastructure. Applying structural integrity models in design codes...
Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability information about the delivery of electricity and energy reliability Electricity Delivery...
Testing Equivalence Probabilistically Adnan Darwiche and Jinbo Huang
Huang, Jinbo
Testing Equivalence Probabilistically Adnan Darwiche and Jinbo Huang Computer Science Department the equivalence of two Ordered Binary Decision Diagrams (OBDDs) can be decided in polynomial time, the equivalence the interest in testing their equivalence. We show that the probabilistic equivalence test for FBDDs holds
Equivalence Structures and Isomorphisms in the Difference Hierarchy
Cenzer, Douglas
Equivalence Structures and Isomorphisms in the Difference Hierarchy D. Cenzer, G. LaForte and J- ence hierarchy, and of equivalence structures in particular. A equivalence structure A = (A, E) has universe A = and an equivalence relation E. The equivalence class [a] of a A is {b A : a
Hydrogen Storage Technologies Hydrogen Delivery
Hydrogen Storage Technologies Roadmap Hydrogen Delivery Technical Team Roadmap June 2013 #12;This). The Hydrogen Delivery Technical Team is one of 12 U.S. DRIVE technical teams ("tech teams") whose mission and clean advanced lightduty vehicles, as well as related energy infrastructure. For more information about
Secondary fuel delivery system
Parker, David M. (Oviedo, FL); Cai, Weidong (Oviedo, FL); Garan, Daniel W. (Orlando, FL); Harris, Arthur J. (Orlando, FL)
2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z
A secondary fuel delivery system for delivering a secondary stream of fuel and/or diluent to a secondary combustion zone located in the transition piece of a combustion engine, downstream of the engine primary combustion region is disclosed. The system includes a manifold formed integral to, and surrounding a portion of, the transition piece, a manifold inlet port, and a collection of injection nozzles. A flowsleeve augments fuel/diluent flow velocity and improves the system cooling effectiveness. Passive cooling elements, including effusion cooling holes located within the transition boundary and thermal-stress-dissipating gaps that resist thermal stress accumulation, provide supplemental heat dissipation in key areas. The system delivers a secondary fuel/diluent mixture to a secondary combustion zone located along the length of the transition piece, while reducing the impact of elevated vibration levels found within the transition piece and avoiding the heat dissipation difficulties often associated with traditional vibration reduction methods.
Kearton, Cherry
S-EQUIVALENCE OF KNOTS C. KEARTON Abstract. S-equivalence of classical knots is investigated. Finally, we show that every knot is S-equivalent to a prime knot. 1. Introduction An oriented knot k matrices of the same knot are S-equivalent: the definition of S-equivalence is given in, for example, [14
On the Equivalence of Constrained and Compound Optimal Designs
R. Dennis Cook; Weng-Kee Wong
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
O n the Equivalence o f C o n s t r a i n e d and C o m p owww.jstor.org On the Equivalence of Constrained and Compoundstandard methodology. Equivalence theorems for specific
SOME APPLICATIONS OF SUPERRIGIDITY TO BOREL EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS
Thomas, Simon
SOME APPLICATIONS OF SUPERRIGIDITY TO BOREL EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS SIMON THOMAS Abstract.There exists a countable Borel equivalence relation E countable Borel equivalence re* *la- tions. (For example, see [2], [11], [12].) In particular, Adams [1
Liquid Hydrogen Delivery | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Liquid Hydrogen Delivery Liquid Hydrogen Delivery Hydrogen is most commonly transported and delivered as a liquid when high-volume transport is needed in the absence of pipelines....
Gaseous Hydrogen Delivery | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Gaseous Hydrogen Delivery Gaseous Hydrogen Delivery Gaseous hydrogen is most commonly delivered either by trucks or through pipelines. Because gaseous hydrogen is typically...
Hydrogen Production & Delivery | Department of Energy
Hydrogen Production & Delivery Hydrogen Production & Delivery "2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation H2...
Final Report - Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
- Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis Final Report - Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis This report, by the Nexant team, documents an in-depth analysis...
National Electric Delivery Technologies Roadmap: Transforming...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Delivery Technologies Roadmap: Transforming the Grid to Revolutionize Electric Power in North America National Electric Delivery Technologies Roadmap: Transforming the Grid to...
On the equivalence of nonadiabatic fluids
W. Barreto
2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
Here we show how an anisotropic fluid in the diffusion limit can be equivalent to an isotropic fluid in the streaming out limit, in spherical symmetry. For a particular equation of state this equivalence is total, from one fluid we can obtain the other and vice versa. A numerical master model is presented, based on a generic equation of state, in which only quantitative differences are displayed between both nonadiabatic fluids. From a deeper view, other difference between fluids is shown as an asymmetry that can be overcome if we consider the appropriate initial-boundary conditions. Equivalence in this context can be considered as a first order method of approximation to study dissipative fluids.
On Equivalence of Semidefinite Relaxations for Quadratic Matrix ...
2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 28, 2010 ... 2.2 Equivalence of Vector and Matrix Lifting for QMP1 .... A Schur complement argument now implies the equivalence of this relaxation to the ...
Static modules and equivalences Robert Wisbauer
Wisbauer, Robert
Static modules and equivalences Robert Wisbauer Mathematical Institute of the University 40225 D by the functor HomR(P, -). In R-Mod these are the P-static (= P-solvable) modules. In this context properties" under P S HomR(P, -). Following Nauman [20] and Alperin [3] we call these modules P-static. Other names
Equivalences on Observable Processes Irek Ulidowski
Ulidowski, Irek
and finitely observable. We define copy+refusal testing equivalence as indistinguishabil- ity by copy, provided their operational meaning is defined by realistically implementable transition rules. Process behaviour which can be established by so-called local testing but not global testing is called locally
Nonviral Vectors for Gene Delivery
Baoum, Abdulgader Ahmed
2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z
, two nonviral gene delivery systems using either biodegradable poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLG) nanoparticles or cell penetrating peptide (CPP) complexes have been designed and studied using A549 human lung epithelial cells. PLG nanoparticles were...
Hydrogen Distribution and Delivery Infrastructure
Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)
This 2-page fact sheet provides a brief introduction to hydrogen delivery technologies. Intended for a non-technical audience, it explains how hydrogen is transported and delivered today, the challen
Variable delivery, fixed displacement pump
Sommars, Mark F. (Sparland, IL)
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A variable delivery, fixed displacement pump comprises a plurality of pistons reciprocated within corresponding cylinders in a cylinder block. The pistons are reciprocated by rotation of a fixed angle swash plate connected to the pistons. The pistons and cylinders cooperate to define a plurality of fluid compression chambers each have a delivery outlet. A vent port is provided from each fluid compression chamber to vent fluid therefrom during at least a portion of the reciprocal stroke of the piston. Each piston and cylinder combination cooperates to close the associated vent port during another portion of the reciprocal stroke so that fluid is then pumped through the associated delivery outlet. The delivery rate of the pump is varied by adjusting the axial position of the swash plate relative to the cylinder block, which varies the duration of the piston stroke during which the vent port is closed.
Best antibiotics for buccal delivery
Goldberg, Manijeh Nazari
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of the research was to identify the clinical and commercial benefits of switching from intravenous (IV) to buccal delivery of antibiotics. then, the research continued to select 3-5 antibiotics that best met ...
Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis
Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)
This report, by the Nexant team, documents an in-depth analysis of seven hydrogen delivery options to identify the most cost-effective hydrogen infrastructure for the transition and long term. The pro
Radiation delivery system and method
Sorensen, Scott A. (Overland Park, KS); Robison, Thomas W. (Los Alamos, NM); Taylor, Craig M. V. (Jemez Springs, NM)
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A radiation delivery system and method are described. The system includes a treatment configuration such as a stent, balloon catheter, wire, ribbon, or the like, a portion of which is covered with a gold layer. Chemisorbed to the gold layer is a radiation-emitting self-assembled monolayer or a radiation-emitting polymer. The radiation delivery system is compatible with medical catheter-based technologies to provide a therapeutic dose of radiation to a lesion following an angioplasty procedure.
Hydrogen Delivery Technology Roadmap, November 2005
Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)
Document describing plan for research into and development of hydrogen delivery technology for transportation applications.
An Equivalence Between Sparse Approximation and Support Vector Machines 1
Poggio, Tomaso
An Equivalence Between Sparse Approximation and Support Vector Machines 1 Federico Girosi Center is equivalent to SVM in the following sense: if applied to the same data set the two techniques give the same; Chen, Donoho and Saunders, 1995), are actually equivalent, in the case of noiseless data. By equivalent
Guessing Attacks and the Computational Soundness of Static Equivalence
Abadi, MartÃn
Guessing Attacks and the Computational Soundness of Static Equivalence MartÂ´in Abadi1 , Mathieu static equivalence. Static equivalence depends on an underlying equa- tional theory. The choice, fundamental cryp- tographic operations. This equational theory yields a notion of static equivalence
A Stronger Notion of Equivalence for Logic Programs
New South Wales, University of
A Stronger Notion of Equivalence for Logic Programs Ka-Shu Wong University of New South Wales Sydney 2052, Australia #12;Abstract Several different notions of equivalence have been proposed for logic programs with answer set semantics, most notably strong equivalence. However, strong equivalence
EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS FOR TWO VARIABLE REAL ANALYTIC FUNCTION GERMS
EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS FOR TWO VARIABLE REAL ANALYTIC FUNCTION GERMS SATOSHI KOIKE & ADAM PARUSI´NSKI Abstract. For two variable real analytic function germs we compare the blow- analytic equivalence in the sense of Kuo to the other natural equivalence relations. Our main theorem states that C1 equivalent
THIN EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS AND INNER MODELS PHILIPP SCHLICHT
Schlicht, Philipp
THIN EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS AND INNER MODELS PHILIPP SCHLICHT Abstract. We describe the inner models with representatives in all equiv- alence classes of thin equivalence relations in a given projective pointclass does not add equivalence classes to thin projective equivalence relations. For example, we show
CCZ and EA Equivalence between Mappings over Finite Abelian Groups
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
CCZ and EA Equivalence between Mappings over Finite Abelian Groups Alexander Pott1 and Yue Zhou1, 410073 Changsha, P.R.China alexander.pott@ovgu.de,yue.zhou@st.ovgu.de Abstract. CCZ- and EA-equivalence abelian groups G and H. We obtain an extension theorem for CCZ- equivalent but not EA-equivalent mappings
COUNTABLE ABELIAN GROUP ACTIONS AND HYPERFINITE EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS
Gao, Su
COUNTABLE ABELIAN GROUP ACTIONS AND HYPERFINITE EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS SU GAO AND STEVE JACKSON Abstract. An equivalence relation E on a standard Borel space is hyperfinite if E is the increasing union of countably many Borel equivalence relations En where all En-equivalence classs are finite. In this article we
Strong Equivalence of Qualitative Optimization Problems
Faber, Wolfgang; Woltran, Stefan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce the framework of qualitative optimization problems (or, simply, optimization problems) to represent preference theories. The formalism uses separate modules to describe the space of outcomes to be compared (the generator) and the preferences on outcomes (the selector). We consider two types of optimization problems. They differ in the way the generator, which we model by a propositional theory, is interpreted: by the standard propositional logic semantics, and by the equilibrium-model (answer-set) semantics. Under the latter interpretation of generators, optimization problems directly generalize answer-set optimization programs proposed previously. We study strong equivalence of optimization problems, which guarantees their interchangeability within any larger context. We characterize several versions of strong equivalence obtained by restricting the class of optimization problems that can be used as extensions and establish the complexity of associated reasoning tasks. Understanding strong equiv...
Orientifold Planar Equivalence: The Quenched Meson Spectrum
Biagio Lucini; Gregory Moraitis; Agostino Patella; Antonio Rago
2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z
A numerical study of Orientifold Planar Equivalence is performed in SU(N) Yang-Mills theories for N=2,3,4,6. Quenched meson masses are extracted in the antisymmetric, symmetric and adjoint representations for the pseudoscalar and vector channels. An extrapolation of the vector mass as a function of the pseudoscalar mass to the large-N limit shows that the numerical results agree within errors for the three theories, as predicted by Orientifold Planar Equivalence. As a byproduct of the extrapolation, the size of the corrections up to O(1/N^3) are evaluated. A crucial prerequisite for the extrapolation is the determination of an analytical relationship between the corrections in the symmetric and in the antisymmetric representations, order by order in a 1/N expansion.
Equivalence principle in scalar-tensor gravity
Dirk Puetzfeld; Yuri N. Obukhov
2015-05-06T23:59:59.000Z
We present a direct confirmation of the validity of the equivalence principle for unstructured test bodies in scalar tensor gravity. Our analysis is complementary to previous approaches and valid for a large class of scalar-tensor theories of gravitation. A covariant approach is used to derive the equations of motion in a systematic way and allows for the experimental test of scalar-tensor theories by means of extended test bodies.
Quantal Definition of the Weak Equivalence Principle
Abel Camacho; Arturo Camacho-Guardian
2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z
The present work analyzes the meaning of the Weak Equivalence Principle in the context of quantum mechanics. A quantal definition for this principle is introduced. This definition does not require the concept of trajectory and relies upon the phase shift induced by a gravitational field in the context of a quantum interference experiment of two coherent beams of particles. In other words, it resorts to wave properties of the system and not to classical concepts as the idea of trajectory.
Einstein's Apple: His First Principle of Equivalence
Engelbert L. Schucking; Eugene J. Surowitz
2012-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
After a historical discussion of Einstein's 1907 principle of equivalence, a homogeneous gravitational field in Minkowski spacetime is constructed. It is pointed out that the reference frames in gravitational theory can be understood as spaces with a flat connection and torsion defined through teleparallelism. This kind of torsion was introduced by Einstein in 1928. The concept of torsion is discussed through simple examples and some historical observations.
Orientifold Planar Equivalence: The Chiral Condensate
Adi Armoni; Biagio Lucini; Agostino Patella; Claudio Pica
2008-09-29T23:59:59.000Z
The recently introduced orientifold planar equivalence is a promising tool for solving non-perturbative problems in QCD. One of the predictions of orientifold planar equivalence is that the chiral condensates of a theory with $N_f$ flavours of Dirac fermions in the symmetric (or antisymmetric) representation and $N_f$ flavours of Majorana fermions in the adjoint representation have the same large $N$ value for any value of the mass of the (degenerate) fermions. Assuming the invariance of the theory under charge conjugation, we prove this statement on the lattice for staggered quenched condensates in SU($N$) Yang-Mills in the large $N$ limit. Then, we compute numerically those quenched condensates for $N$ up to 8. After separating the even from the odd corrections in $1/N$, we are able to show that our data support the equivalence; however, unlike other quenched observables, subleading terms in $1/N$ are needed for describing the data for the symmetric and antisymmetric representation at $N$=3. Possible lessons for the unquenched case are discussed.
Soft-Template-Synthesized Mesoporous Carbon for Oral Drug Delivery
Saha, Dipendu [ORNL] [ORNL; Warren, Kaitlyn E [ORNL] [ORNL; Naskar, Amit K [ORNL] [ORNL
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Template-synthesized mesoporous carbons were successfully used in in vitro investigations of controlled delivery of three model drugs, captopril, furosemide, and ranitidine hydrochloride. Captopril and furosemide exhibited desorption kinetics over 30 40 h, and ranitidine HCl had a complete release time of 5 10 h. As evident from the slow release kinetics, we contend that our mesoporous carbon is an improved drug-delivery medium compared to state-of-the-art porous silica-based substrates. The mesoporous carbons, synthesized from phloroglucinol and lignin, a synthetic and a sustainable precursor, respectively, exhibit BET surface area of 200 400 m2 g-1 and pore volume of 0.2 0.6 cm3 g-1. The phloroglucinol-based carbon has narrower pore widths and higher pore volume than the lignin-derived counterpart and maintains a longer release time. Numerical modeling of the release kinetics data reveals that the diffusivities of all the drugs from lignin-based carbon media are of equivalent magnitude (10-22 to 10-24 m2 s-1). However, a tailored reduction of pore width in the sorbent reduces the diffusivity of smaller drug molecules (captopril) by an order of magnitude. Thus, engineered pore morphology in our synthesized carbon sorbent, along with its potential to tailor the chemistry of its interaction with sorbet, can be exploited for optimal delivery system of a preferred drug within its therapeutic level and below the level of toxicity.
The Equivalence Principle in a Quantum World
N. E. J. Bjerrum-Bohr; John F. Donoghue; Basem Kamal El-Menoufi; Barry R. Holstein; Ludovic Planté; Pierre Vanhove
2015-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
We show how modern methods can be applied to quantum gravity at low energy. We test how quantum corrections challenge the classical framework behind the Equivalence Principle, for instance through introduction of non-locality from quantum physics, embodied in the Uncertainty Principle. When the energy is small we now have the tools to address this conflict explicitly. Despite the violation of some classical concepts, the EP continues to provide the core of the quantum gravity framework through the symmetry - general coordinate invariance - that is used to organize the effective field theory.
Gravitational leptogenesis, C, CP and strong equivalence
J. I. McDonald; Graham M. Shore
2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z
The origin of matter-antimatter asymmetry is one of the most important outstanding problems at the interface of particle physics and cosmology. Gravitational leptogenesis (baryogenesis) provides a possible mechanism through explicit couplings of spacetime curvature to appropriate lepton (or baryon) currents. In this paper, the idea that these strong equivalence principle violating interactions could be generated automatically through quantum loop effects in curved spacetime is explored, focusing on the realisation of the discrete symmetries C, CP and CPT which must be broken to induce matter-antimatter asymmetry. The related issue of quantum corrections to the dispersion relation for neutrino propagation in curved spacetime is considered within a fully covariant framework.
AKS systems and Lepage equivalent problems
Santiago Capriotti
2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z
The integrable systems known as "AKS systems" admit a natural formulation in terms of a Hamiltonian picture. The Lagrangian side of these systems are far less known; a version in these terms can be found in a work of Feher et al. The purpose of these notes in to provide a novel description of AKS systems in terms of a variational problem different from the usual in mechanics. Additionally, and using techniques borrowed from an article of M. Gotay, it was possible to build the Hamiltonian side of this variational problem, allowing us to establish the equivalence with the usual approach to these integrable systems.
Equivalence Principle and the Baryon Acoustic Peak
Baldauf, Tobias; Simonovi?, Marko; Zaldarriaga, Matias
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the dominant effect of a long wavelength density perturbation $\\delta(\\lambda_L)$ on short distance physics. In the non-relativistic limit, the result is a uniform acceleration, fixed by the equivalence principle, and typically has no effect on statistical averages due to translational invariance. This same reasoning has been formalized to obtain a "consistency condition" on the cosmological correlation functions. In the presence of a feature, such as the acoustic peak at $l_{\\rm BAO}$, this naive expectation breaks down for $\\lambda_Lpower spectrum. Finally, the success of BAO reconstruction schemes is argue...
The Equivalence Principle in a Quantum World
Bjerrum-Bohr, N E J; El-Menoufi, Basem Kamal; Holstein, Barry R; Planté, Ludovic; Vanhove, Pierre
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We show how modern methods can be applied to quantum gravity at low energy. We test how quantum corrections challenge the classical framework behind the Equivalence Principle, for instance through introduction of non-locality from quantum physics, embodied in the Uncertainty Principle. When the energy is small we now have the tools to address this conflict explicitly. Despite the violation of some classical concepts, the EP continues to provide the core of the quantum gravity framework through the symmetry - general coordinate invariance - that is used to organize the effective field theory.
Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values
Ashurst, W. Robert
Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values Mass 1 kg = 1000 g = 0.001 metric ton = 2.921 inHg at 0 C Energy 1 J = 1 N·m = 107 ergs = 107 dyne·cm = 2.778×10-7 kW·h 1 J = 0.23901 cal = 0·R 10.73 psia·ft3 lbmol·R 62.36 liter·torr mol·K 0.7302 ft3·atm lbmol·R Temperature Conversions: T
Zheng Yuanshui; Liu Yaxi; Zeidan, Omar; Schreuder, Andries Niek; Keole, Sameer [ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); INTEGRIS Cancer Insititute, 5911 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); ProCure Treatment Centers, 420 North Walnut Street, Bloomington, Indiana 47404 (United States); ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States)
2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: Neutron exposure is of concern in proton therapy, and varies with beam delivery technique, nozzle design, and treatment conditions. Uniform scanning is an emerging treatment technique in proton therapy, but neutron exposure for this technique has not been fully studied. The purpose of this study is to investigate the neutron dose equivalent per therapeutic dose, H/D, under various treatment conditions for uniform scanning beams employed at our proton therapy center. Methods: Using a wide energy neutron dose equivalent detector (SWENDI-II, ThermoScientific, MA), the authors measured H/D at 50 cm lateral to the isocenter as a function of proton range, modulation width, beam scanning area, collimated field size, and snout position. They also studied the influence of other factors on neutron dose equivalent, such as aperture material, the presence of a compensator, and measurement locations. They measured H/D for various treatment sites using patient-specific treatment parameters. Finally, they compared H/D values for various beam delivery techniques at various facilities under similar conditions. Results: H/D increased rapidly with proton range and modulation width, varying from about 0.2 mSv/Gy for a 5 cm range and 2 cm modulation width beam to 2.7 mSv/Gy for a 30 cm range and 30 cm modulation width beam when 18 Multiplication-Sign 18 cm{sup 2} uniform scanning beams were used. H/D increased linearly with the beam scanning area, and decreased slowly with aperture size and snout retraction. The presence of a compensator reduced the H/D slightly compared with that without a compensator present. Aperture material and compensator material also have an influence on neutron dose equivalent, but the influence is relatively small. H/D varied from about 0.5 mSv/Gy for a brain tumor treatment to about 3.5 mSv/Gy for a pelvic case. Conclusions: This study presents H/D as a function of various treatment parameters for uniform scanning proton beams. For similar treatment conditions, the H/D value per uncollimated beam size for uniform scanning beams was slightly lower than that from a passive scattering beam and higher than that from a pencil beam scanning beam, within a factor of 2. Minimizing beam scanning area could effectively reduce neutron dose equivalent for uniform scanning beams, down to the level close to pencil beam scanning.
Packaging for a drug delivery microelectromechanical system
Ho Duc, Hong Linh, 1978-
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Local drug delivery is a fast expanding field, and has been a center of attention for researchers in medicine in the last decade. Its advantages over systemic drug delivery are clear in cancer therapy, with localized tumors. ...
AUTONOMIC MULTIMEDIA DELIVERY SERVICES SELF-CONFIGURATION
AUTONOMIC MULTIMEDIA DELIVERY SERVICES SELF-CONFIGURATION I. Al-oqily1 , A. Alshtnawi2 , K.M. Al-configuration architecture for multimedia delivery services. Index Terms-- self-configuration, autonomic computing, overlay
Hydrogen Production & Delivery Sara Dillich
Electrolysis High-temp Thermo- chemical Bio-Derived Liquids Reforming Ethanol Reforming Delivery Tube trailer,000,000 100,000 50,000 10,000 1,000 10 Natural Gas Reforming Photo- electro- chemical Biological Water costs informed by independent analysis 5 Production Strategies Pathway Report Status Steam Methane
Strategic Directions for Hydrogen Delivery Workshop Proceedings
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Proceedings from the Strategic Directions for Hydrogen Delivery Workshop held May 7-8, 2003 in Washington, DC. Author: Energetics
Asymptotic Equivalence and Adaptive Estimation for Robust Nonparametric Regression
Zhou, Harrison Huibin
Asymptotic Equivalence and Adaptive Estimation for Robust Nonparametric Regression T. Tony Cai1 and Harrison H. Zhou2 University of Pennsylvania and Yale University Abstract Asymptotic equivalence theory. In this paper we develop asymptotic equivalence results for robust nonparametric regression with unbounded loss
Borel equivalence relations and everywhere faithful actions of free products
Miller, Benjamin
Borel equivalence relations and everywhere faithful actions of free products Benjamin D. Miller July 13, 2006 Abstract We study the circumstances under which an aperiodic countable Borel equivalence equivalence class. An action of a group G on a set X is faithful if g G x X (g · x = x). The orbits of a G
Weak Order Equivalence for Logic Programs with Preferences
Schaub, Torsten
Weak Order Equivalence for Logic Programs with Preferences Kathrin Konczak Institut fÂ¨ur Informatik, notions of equivalence for Answer Set Programming have been stud- ied intensively and were shown to be beneficial for modular programming and automated optimization. In [9], the novel notion of strong equivalence
Checking NFA equivalence with bisimulations up to congruence
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Checking NFA equivalence with bisimulations up to congruence Filippo Bonchi CNRS, ENS Lyon--We introduce bisimulation up to congruence as a technique for proving language equivalence of non algorithm. I. INTRODUCTION Checking language equivalence of finite automata is a clas- sical problem
On the Equivalence of Constraint Satisfaction Francesca Rossi1
On the Equivalence of Constraint Satisfaction Problems Francesca Rossi1 Charles Petrie MCC 3500 W equivalent if they have the same solution set. We nd this de nition limiting, and develop a more general de a pair of CSPs equivalent even if they have di erent solutions. The basic idea behind the extended scheme
Isomorphism of subshifts is a universal countable Borel equivalence relation
Clemens, John D.
Isomorphism of subshifts is a universal countable Borel equivalence relation John D. Clemens July 17, 2007 Abstract We use the theory of Borel equivalence relations to analyze the equiva- lence relation of isomorphism among one-dimensional subshifts. We show that this equivalence relation
Checking NFA equivalence with bisimulations up to congruence
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Checking NFA equivalence with bisimulations up to congruence Filippo Bonchi Damien Pous CNRS, ENS introduce bisimulation up to congruence as a technique for proving language equivalence of non Language Equivalence, Automata, Bisimulation, Coin- duction, Up-to techniques, Congruence, Antichains. 1
Reducing Equational Theories for the Decision of Static Equivalence #
Treinen, Ralf - Laboratoire Preuves, Programmes et SystÃ¨mes, UniversitÃ© Paris 7
Reducing Equational Theories for the Decision of Static Equivalence # Steve Kremer 1 , Antoine, CNRS, France Abstract. Static equivalence is a well established notion of indistinÂ guishability of sequences of terms which is useful in the symbolic analysis of cryptographic protocols. Static equivalence
A Language-Independent Proof System for Mutual Program Equivalence
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
A Language-Independent Proof System for Mutual Program Equivalence S¸tefan Ciob^aca1 , Dorel Lucanu, France 3 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA Abstract. Two programs are mutually equivalent if they both diverge or they end up in similar states. Mutual equivalence is an adequate no- tion
Regular Equivalence and Dynamic Logic Maarten Marx and Michael Masuch
Amsterdam, University of
Regular Equivalence and Dynamic Logic Maarten Marx #3; and Michael Masuch Institure for Logic equivalence relation on a social network. That is, a formal language of position terms is de#12;ned with the property that on #12;nite networks, two actors are regularly equivalent if and only if they cannot
ccsd00003913, ZETA FUNCTIONS AND BLOW-NASH EQUIVALENCE
ccsd00003913, version 1 17 Jan 2005 ZETA FUNCTIONS AND BLOW-NASH EQUIVALENCE GOULWEN FICHOU Abstract. We propose a re#12;nement of the notion of blow-Nash equivalence between Nash function germs, which has been introduced in [2] as an analog in the Nash setting of the blow-analytic equivalence de#12
ASYMPTOTIC EQUIVALENCE FOR INHOMOGENEOUS JUMP DIFFUSION PROCESSES AND WHITE NOISE.
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
ASYMPTOTIC EQUIVALENCE FOR INHOMOGENEOUS JUMP DIFFUSION PROCESSES AND WHITE NOISE. ESTER MARIUCCI Laboratoire Jean Kuntzmann, Grenoble. Abstract. We prove the global asymptotic equivalence between the experi. These asymptotic equivalences are established by constructing explicit Markov kernels that can be used to reproduce
On the Equivalence of Distributed Systems with Queries and Communication$
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
On the Equivalence of Distributed Systems with Queries and Communication$ Serge Abiteboula , Balder a common goal, such as eval- uating some query. We study the equivalence of such systems. We model for performing tasks such as sending, receiving and querying data. As our model is quite general, the equivalence
Mining Complex Boolean Expressions for Sequential Equivalence Checking
Ramakrishnan, Naren
Mining Complex Boolean Expressions for Sequential Equivalence Checking Neha Goel, Michael S. Hsiao-flops in a sequential circuit for sequential equivalence checking. In contrast to traditional learning methods, our be arbitrary boolean expressions and can thus prune a large don't care space during equivalence checking
Stutter Equivalence for In nite State Systems Zhendong Su
Su, Zhendong
Stutter Equivalence for In#12;nite State Systems Zhendong Su EECS Department, University of California, Berkeley zhendong@cs.berkeley.edu Abstract. In this paper, we study the state equivalences closure of bisimilarity is a full abstract semantics for STL AU . Next, we suggest a new state equivalence
Equivalence Relations Definition of a relation on a set
Singman, David
Equivalence Relations Definition of a relation on a set Let A be any set. Any subset have 1R1, 2R3, 3R1, 2 R2, 3 R2, etc. #12;A special kind of relation- an Equivalence relation There is a type of relation, it's known as an equivalence relation, which is particularly useful. Definition
On the Equivalence of Distributed Systems with Queries and Communication
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
On the Equivalence of Distributed Systems with Queries and Communication Serge Abiteboul INRIA, such as evaluate some query. We study the equivalence of such systems. We model a dis- tributed system such as sending, receiving and querying data. As our model is quite general, the equivalence problem turns out
On the Complexity of the Equivalence Problem for Probabilistic Automata
Ouaknine, Joël
On the Complexity of the Equivalence Problem for Probabilistic Automata Stefan Kiefer1 , Andrzej S equivalence of probabilistic automata is a key prob- lem for establishing various behavioural and anonymity properties of probabilistic systems. In recent experiments a randomised equivalence test based on polynomial
Complexity of Equivalence Problems for Concurrent Systems of Finite Agents
Rabinovich, Alexander
Complexity of Equivalence Problems for Concurrent Systems of Finite Agents Alexander Rabinovich@math.tau.ac.il 1 #12; Running head: Equivalence of Concurrent Systems Mailing address: Alexander Rabinovich that one wants to check whether p Â¸ q for one of the commonly used equivalence Â¸. We show that this ques
INVARIANTS OF TWISTWISE FLOW EQUIVALENCE MICHAEL C. SULLIVAN
Sullivan, Michael
equivalent suspension flows. The suspension flow is a onedimension flow obtained by taking the cross product an example. The map is just the horseshoe map. A piece of an orbit of a suspension flow is shown. The sectionINVARIANTS OF TWISTWISE FLOW EQUIVALENCE MICHAEL C. SULLIVAN Abstract. Flow equivalence
Delivery and Hedging Delivery ties the futures price to the spot price.
Lyuu, Yuh-Dauh
Delivery and Hedging Â· Delivery ties the futures price to the spot price. Â· On the delivery date, the settlement price of the futures contract is determined by the spot price. Â· Hence, when the delivery period is reached, the futures price should be very close to the spot price. Â· Changes in futures prices usually
Drug delivery Preparation of Monodisperse Biodegradable Polymer
Prentiss, Mara
Drug delivery Preparation of Monodisperse Biodegradable Polymer Microparticles Using a Microfluidic Flow-Focusing Device for Controlled Drug Delivery Qiaobing Xu, Michinao Hashimoto, Tram T. Dang, Todd microparticles have broad utility as vehicles for drug delivery and form the basis of several therapies approved
Streamline Service Delivery via Customer Communication and Contractor...
Streamline Service Delivery via Customer Communication and Contractor Coordination Streamline Service Delivery via Customer Communication and Contractor Coordination Better...
Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentatio...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations - Secure Communications Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations -...
On equivalent resistance of electrical circuits
Kagan, Mikhail
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
While the standard (introductory physics) way of computing the equvalent resistance of non-trivial electrical ciruits is based on Kirchhoff's rules, there is a mathematically and conceptually simpler approach, called the method of nodal potentials, whose basic variables are the values of electric potential at the circuit's nodes. In this paper, we review the method of nodal potentials and illustrate it using the Wheatstone bridge as an example. At the end, we derive - in a closed form - the equivalent resistance of a generic circuit, which we apply to a few sample circuits. The final result unveils a curious interplay between electrical circuits, matrix algebra, and graph theory and its applications to computer science. The paper is written at a level accessible by undergraduate students who are familiar with matrix arithmetic. For the more inquisitive reader, additional proofs and technical details are provided in the appendix.
Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: AlternativePerformanceDecember2013: Federal Register Notice Volume 78, No. 176 -CommitteeDelivery
Spectral equivalences from Bethe Ansatz equations
Dorey, P; Tateo, R; Dorey, Patrick; Dunning, Clare; Tateo, Roberto
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The one-dimensional Schr\\"odinger equation for the potential $x^6+\\alpha x^2 +l(l+1)/x^2$ has many interesting properties. For certain values of the parameters l and alpha the equation is in turn supersymmetric (Witten), quasi-exactly solvable (Turbiner), and it also appears in Lipatov's approach to high energy QCD. In this paper we signal some further curious features of these theories, namely novel spectral equivalences with particular second- and third-order differential equations. These relationships are obtained via a recently-observed connection between the theories of ordinary differential equations and integrable models. Generalised supersymmetry transformations acting at the quasi-exactly solvable points are also pointed out, and an efficient numerical procedure for the study of these and related problems is described. Finally we generalise slightly and then prove a conjecture due to Bessis, Zinn-Justin, Bender and Boettcher, concerning the reality of the spectra of certain PT-symmetric quantum-mecha...
Orbit Equivalence and Von Neumann Rigidity for Actions of Wreath Product Groups
Sizemore, James Owen
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
B. Weiss. “An amenable equivalence relation is gen- eratedFur99] Alex Furman. “Orbit equivalence rigidity. ” Ann. ofand Yehuda Shalom. “Orbit equivalence rigidity and bounded
[Semantic equivalence of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the "Body Change Inventory"].
Conti, MA; Ferreira, ME; Amaral, AC; Hearst, N; Cordás, TA; Scagliusi, FB
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Inventory” Semantic Equivalence of the Brazilian Portugueseuation for semantic equivalence of the BCI in the Portuguese3) evaluation of semantic equivalence; and (4) assessment of
Applying modality and equivalence concepts to pattern finding in social process-produced data
Hanneman, Robert A.; Shelton, Christian R.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
on generalized concepts of equivalence. J Math Sociol 19(1):53 Everett MG (1994) Regular equivalence: general theory. JHC (1971) Structural equivalence of individuals in social
A reassessment of equivalence in yield from marine reserves and traditional fisheries management
White, Crow; Kendall, Bruce E.
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and Botsford, L. W. 1999. Equivalence in yield from marineJune 2007 A reassessment of equivalence in yield from marineidentical model generates equivalence in yield between the
Derivation of Equivalent Continuous Dilution for Cyclic, Unsteady Driving Forces
Mortensen, Dorthe K.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
problem of determining equivalency for different approaches to ventilationproblem at hand. Although we are often more accustomed to dealing with ventilation
Gin Flat Snow Water Equivalent Estimation from Field Methods
Vida, Jordan; Sa, Nathaniel; Lem, Dylan
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
like to get involved with water resource management becauseJournal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA).Deformation Mechanisms on Snow Water Equivalent Pressure
Optimization Online - On the equivalence of the method of conjugate ...
Anders Forsgren
2015-03-09T23:59:59.000Z
Mar 9, 2015 ... Abstract: In this paper we state necessary and sufficient conditions for equivalence of the method of conjugate gradients and quasi-Newton ...
Fiber coupled optical spark delivery system
Yalin, Azer (Fort Collins, CO); Willson, Bryan (Fort Collins, CO); Defoort, Morgan (Fort Collins, CO)
2008-08-12T23:59:59.000Z
A spark delivery system for generating a spark using a laser beam is provided, the spark delivery system including a laser light source and a laser delivery assembly. The laser delivery assembly includes a hollow fiber and a launch assembly comprising launch focusing optics to input the laser beam in the hollow fiber. In addition, the laser delivery assembly includes exit focusing optics that demagnify an exit beam of laser light from the hollow fiber, thereby increasing the intensity of the laser beam and creating a spark. In accordance with embodiments of the present invention, the assembly may be used to create a spark in a combustion engine. In accordance with other embodiments of the present invention, a method of using the spark delivery system is provided. In addition, a method of choosing an appropriate fiber for creating a spark using a laser beam is also presented.
Hydrogen Delivery | Department of Energy
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334Department ofEnergy FY 2014GinaFuel Shortages Homeowners:ofHydraulicHydrogen Delivery
Evaluation of Retrofit Delivery Packages
Berman, M.; Smith, P.; Porse, E.
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Residential energy retrofit activities are a critical component of efforts to increase energy efficiency in the U.S. building stock; however, retrofits account for a small percentage of aggregate energy savings at relatively high per unit costs. This report by Building America research team, Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI), describes barriers to widespread retrofits and evaluates opportunities to improve delivery of home retrofit measures by identifying economies of scale in marketing, energy assessments, and bulk purchasing through pilot programs in portions of Sonoma, Los Angeles, and San Joaquin Counties, CA. These targeted communities show potential and have revealed key strategies for program design, as outlined in the report.
Emergency delivery of Vasopressin from an implantable MEMS rapid drug delivery device
Ho Duc, Hong Linh, 1978-
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An implantable rapid drug delivery device based on micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) technology was designed, fabricated and validated for the in vivo rapid delivery of vasopressin in a rabbit model. In vitro ...
Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity ii Acknowledgements The Energy Sector Control Systems Working Group (ESCSWG) developed this roadmap in support of the...
Delivery Tech Team Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Technology Components Sensors & Controls Health & Human Safety Codes & Standards Right of Ways/Regeneration Delivery Technology Components Pipelines(transmission & distribution) Trucks, Rail, Barges Compressors
Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis, Options and Trade...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Analysis, Options and Trade-offs, Transition and Long-term Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis, Options and Trade-offs, Transition and Long-term Presentation on Hydrogen...
Dynamic Network Utility Maximization with Delivery Contracts
2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
Sep 30, 2007 ... Dynamic Network Utility Maximization with Delivery ... We briefly describe a heuristic, based on model predictive control, for approximately.
Dynamic Network Utility Maximization with Delivery Contracts
Nikolaos Trichakis
2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
Sep 30, 2007 ... Dynamic Network Utility Maximization with Delivery Contracts. Nikolaos ... We briefly describe a heuristic, based on model predictive control, ...
An equivalent problem to the Twin Prime Conjecture
F. Balestrieri
2011-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
In this short paper we will show, via elementary arguments, the equivalence of the Twin Prime Conjecture to a problem which might be simpler to prove. Some conclusions are drawn, and it is shown that proving the Twin Prime Conjecture is equivalent to proving that there cannot be an infinite string of consecutive natural numbers satisfying some specified equations.
Using the Equivalent Kernel to Understand Gaussian Process Regression
Sollich, Peter
Using the Equivalent Kernel to Understand Gaussian Process Regression Peter Sollich Dept.k.i.williams@ed.ac.uk Abstract The equivalent kernel [1] is a way of understanding how Gaussian pro cess regression works processes. Consider the supervised regression problem for a dataset D with entries (x i ; y i ) for i = 1
Using the Equivalent Kernel to Understand Gaussian Process Regression
Sollich, Peter
Using the Equivalent Kernel to Understand Gaussian Process Regression Peter Sollich Dept.k.i.williams@ed.ac.uk Abstract The equivalent kernel [1] is a way of understanding how Gaussian pro- cess regression works processes. Consider the supervised regression problem for a dataset D with entries (xi, yi) for i = 1
Drug delivery Combinatorial Drug Conjugation Enables Nanoparticle
Zhang, Liangfang
Drug delivery Combinatorial Drug Conjugation Enables Nanoparticle Dual-Drug Delivery Santosh Aryal, Che-Ming Jack Hu, and Liangfang Zhang* A new approach to loading multiple drugs onto the same drug through hydrolyzable linkers to form drug conjugates, is reported. In contrast to loading individual types
Exterior Exposed Ductwork: Delivery Effectiveness and Efficiency*
1 of 41 Exterior Exposed Ductwork: Delivery Effectiveness and Efficiency* Wm. Woody Delp, Nance E), delivery effectiveness and efficiency, thermal comfort issues and the effect of a roof retrofit (additional the effectiveness and efficiency of the distribution system. The time frame of the retrofit allowed two separate
Tissue-Specific Gene Delivery via Nanoparticle Coating
Harris, Todd J.
The use of biomaterials for gene delivery can potentially avoid many of the safety concerns with viral gene delivery. However, the efficacy of polymeric gene delivery methods is low, particularly in vivo. One significant ...
Fiber laser coupled optical spark delivery system
Yalin, Azer (Fort Collins, CO); Willson, Bryan (Fort Collins, CO); Defoort, Morgan (Fort Collins, CO); Joshi, Sachin (Fort Collins, CO); Reynolds, Adam (Fort Collins, CO)
2008-03-04T23:59:59.000Z
A spark delivery system for generating a spark using a laser beam is provided, and includes a laser light source and a laser delivery assembly. The laser delivery assembly includes a hollow fiber and a launch assembly comprising launch focusing optics to input the laser beam in the hollow fiber. The laser delivery assembly further includes exit focusing optics that demagnify an exit beam of laser light from the hollow fiber, thereby increasing the intensity of the laser beam and creating a spark. Other embodiments use a fiber laser to generate a spark. Embodiments of the present invention may be used to create a spark in an engine. Yet other embodiments include collecting light from the spark or a flame resulting from the spark and conveying the light for diagnostics. Methods of using the spark delivery systems and diagnostic systems are provided.
Microfabricated injectable drug delivery system
Krulevitch, Peter A. (Pleasanton, CA); Wang, Amy W. (Oakland, CA)
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A microfabricated, fully integrated drug delivery system capable of secreting controlled dosages of multiple drugs over long periods of time (up to a year). The device includes a long and narrow shaped implant with a sharp leading edge for implantation under the skin of a human in a manner analogous to a sliver. The implant includes: 1) one or more micromachined, integrated, zero power, high and constant pressure generating osmotic engine; 2) low power addressable one-shot shape memory polymer (SMP) valves for switching on the osmotic engine, and for opening drug outlet ports; 3) microfabricated polymer pistons for isolating the pressure source from drug-filled microchannels; 4) multiple drug/multiple dosage capacity, and 5) anisotropically-etched, atomically-sharp silicon leading edge for penetrating the skin during implantation. The device includes an externally mounted controller for controlling on-board electronics which activates the SMP microvalves, etc. of the implant.
Vehicle Technologies Office - AVTA: Hybrid-Electric Delivery...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Delivery Vehicles Vehicle Technologies Office - AVTA: Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vehicles The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a...
Energy-Efficient Melting and Direct Delivery of High Quality...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Efficient Melting and Direct Delivery of High Quality Molten Aluminum Energy-Efficient Melting and Direct Delivery of High Quality Molten Aluminum itmdelivery.pdf More Documents &...
Special Delivery for Sustainability: Clean Cities Supports UPS...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Special Delivery for Sustainability: Clean Cities Supports UPS in Expanding Natural Gas Operations Special Delivery for Sustainability: Clean Cities Supports UPS in Expanding...
Apoferritin-based nanomedicine platform for drug delivery: equilibrium...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
nanomedicine platform for drug delivery: equilibrium binding study of daunomycin with DNA. Apoferritin-based nanomedicine platform for drug delivery: equilibrium binding study...
Improvements to Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis Model (HDSAM...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Improvements to Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis Model (HDSAM) and Results Improvements to Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis Model (HDSAM) and Results This presentation by...
Hydrogen Permeability and Integrity of Hydrogen Delivery Pipelines...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Permeability and Integrity of Hydrogen Delivery Pipelines Hydrogen Permeability and Integrity of Hydrogen Delivery Pipelines Project Objectives: To gain basic understanding of...
Liquid Hydrogen Production and Delivery from a Dedicated Wind...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Hydrogen Production and Delivery from a Dedicated Wind Power Plant Liquid Hydrogen Production and Delivery from a Dedicated Wind Power Plant This May 2012 study assesses the costs...
April 7 Webinar on OE's Resilient Electricity Delivery Infrastructure...
April 7 Webinar on OE's Resilient Electricity Delivery Infrastructure Initiative FOA April 7 Webinar on OE's Resilient Electricity Delivery Infrastructure Initiative FOA March 23,...
Status and EAC Recommendations for Electricity Delivery Workforce...
Status and EAC Recommendations for Electricity Delivery Workforce (September 2014) Status and EAC Recommendations for Electricity Delivery Workforce (September 2014) This memo,...
Office of Electricity Delivery And Energy Reliability To Hold...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Office of Electricity Delivery And Energy Reliability To Hold Technical Conference On The Design Of Future Electric Transmission Office of Electricity Delivery And Energy...
Career Opportunities with the Office of Electricity Delivery...
Career Opportunities with the Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability (OE) Career Opportunities with the Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability (OE) Career...
Renewable Electricity Generation and Delivery at the Sacramento...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Electricity Generation and Delivery at the Sacramento Municipal Utility District Renewable Electricity Generation and Delivery at the Sacramento Municipal Utility District Dairy...
Record of Categorical Exclusion (CX) Office of Electricity Delivery...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): EA-405 Del Norte Energy LLC Record of Categorical Exclusion (CX) Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability...
Secretary Steven Chu's Remarks as Prepared for Delivery at the...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Chu's Remarks as Prepared for Delivery at the Polytechnic Institute of New York University Secretary Steven Chu's Remarks as Prepared for Delivery at the Polytechnic Institute...
Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity - 2011...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity - 2011 Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity - 2011 As part of the Obama Administration's goals to...
Remarks As Prepared for Delivery by Secretary of Energy Samuel...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
As Prepared for Delivery by Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman Energy Security Conference, Kiev Polytechnic Institute Kiev, Ukraine Remarks As Prepared for Delivery by Secretary of...
Remarks As Prepared for Delivery by Secretary of Energy Samuel...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Remarks As Prepared for Delivery by Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman Energy Security Conference, Kiev Polytechnic Institute Kiev, Ukraine Remarks As Prepared for Delivery by...
2013 Annual Planning Summary for the Office of Electricity Delivery...
Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability 2011 Annual Planning Summary for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Action Plan...
Observable Equivalence between General Relativity and Shape Dynamics
Tim Koslowski
2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z
In this conceptual paper we construct a local version of Shape Dynamics that is equivalent to General Relativity in the sense that the algebras of Dirac observables weakly coincide. This allows us to identify Shape Dynamics observables with General Relativity observables, whose observables can now be interpreted as particular representative functions of observables of a conformal theory at fixed York time. An application of the observable equivalence of General Relativity and Shape Dynamics is to define the quantization of General Relativity through quantizing Shape Dynamics and using observable equivalence. We investigate this proposal explicitly for gravity in 2+1 dimensions.
I. Introduction Equivalent loading of induction machines are
Szabados, Barna
described, the rotor is used as an energy storing device, equivalent to a flywheel. The energy stored depends upon speed and moment of inertia of the machine. The speed response capacity of this "flywheel
On equivalence of thinning fluids used for hydraulic fracturing
Linkov, Alexander
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The paper aims to answer the question: if and how non-Newtonian fluids may be compared in their mechanical action when used for hydraulic fracturing? By employing the modified formulation of the PKN problem we obtain its simple analytical solutions in the cases of perfectly plastic and Newtonian fluids. Since the results for shear thinning fluids are intermediate between those for these cases, the obtained equation for the fracture length suggests a criterion of the equivalence of various shear thinning fluids for the problem of hydraulic fractures. We assume fluids equivalent in their hydrofracturing action, when at a reference time they produce fractures of the same length. The equation for the fracture length translates the equivalence in terms of the hydraulic fracture length and treatment time into the equivalence in terms of the properties of a fracturing fluid (behavior and consistency indices). Analysis shows that the influence of the consistency and behavior indices on the fracture length, particle v...
Violation of the Weak Equivalence Principle in Bekenstein's theory
L. Kraiselburd; H. Vucetich
2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z
Bekenstein has shown that violation of Weak Equivalence Principle is strongly supressed in his model of charge variation. In this paper, it is shown that nuclear magnetic energy is large enough to produce observable effects in Eotvos experiments.
Equivalence of the Husain and the Pleba?ski equations
M. Jakimowicz; J. Tafel
2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z
We show that Husain's reduction of the self-dual Einstein equations is equivalent to the Pleba\\'nski equation. The B\\"acklund transformation between these equations is found. Contact symmetries of the Husain equation are derived.
Behavioral Model Equivalence Checking for Large Analog Mixed Signal Systems
Singh, Amandeep
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis proposes a systematic, hierarchical, optimization based semi-formal equivalence checking methodology for large analog/mixed signal systems such as phase locked loops (PLL), analog to digital convertors (ADC) and input/output (I...
An equivalent form of Young's inequality with upper bound
E. Minguzzi
2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
Young's integral inequality is complemented with an upper bound to the remainder. The new inequality turns out to be equivalent to Young's inequality, and the cases in which the equality holds become particularly transparent in the new formulation.
Influence of Gravitation on Mass-Energy Equivalence Relation
R. V. R. Pandya
2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study influence of gravitational field on the mass-energy equivalence relation by incorporating gravitation in the physical situation considered by Einstein (Ann. Physik, 17, 1905, English translation in ref. [1]) for his first derivation of mass-energy equivalence. In doing so, we also refine Einstein's expression (Ann. Physik, 35, 1911, English translation in ref. [3]) for increase in gravitational mass of the body when it absorbs E amount of radiation energy.
Conceptual approach for Integrated Project Delivery (IPD)
Heller, Barbara
in highly collaborative relationships throughout the complete facility life cycle to achieve effectiveConceptual approach for Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) & Building Information Modeling (BIM) Workshop #2 Architecture Academic Resource Center, IIT #12;Traditional Processes Design Bid Build
Social network support for data delivery infrastructures
Sastry, Nishanth Ramakrishna
2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z
in social networks can be used to tailor content staging decisions to the user base and thereby build better data delivery infrastructures. This claim is supported by two case studies, which apply social information in challenging situations where...
Delivery of Hydrogen Produced from Natural Gas
· Materials Development - Repair, smart pipe, liners · Operational Technologies - Compressors, modeling compressor technologies - Safety issues #12;Gaseous Hydrogen Delivery Additional Issues · Research gas and impact on pipeline operation and efficiency of compressors and gas equipment - Technologies
Using analytics to improve delivery performance
Napolillo, Tacy J. (Tacy Jean)
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Delivery Precision is a key performance indicator that measures Nike's ability to deliver product to the customer in full and on time. The objective of the six-month internship was to quantify areas in the supply chain ...
Research Article Theme: Nanoparticles in Vaccine Delivery
Salem, Aliasger K.
Research Article Theme: Nanoparticles in Vaccine Delivery Guest Editor: Aliasger K. Salem with the Der p2 coated on 9-m-sized empty PLGA particles showed increased levels of IgE and IgG1 antibodies
Coordinated part delivery using distributed planning
Bolger, Adrienne (Adrienne M.)
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this thesis, we develop a distributed mobile robot platform to deliver parts around a model construction site. The platform's robots, specialized into delivery robots and assembly robots, use a distributed coverage ...
Department of Energy, Indefinite Delivery Indefinite Quantity...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
DE-AM36-09GO290XX Mod 6 Department of Energy, Indefinite Delivery Indefinite Quantity, Multiple Award, Energy Savings Performance Contract Awarded by the Department of Energy,...
Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Electricity Delivery...
Power, Inc. Export Authorization CX(s) Applied: B4.2 Date: 09182012 Location(s): Canada Offices(s): Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability September 18, 2012 CX-009406:...
seminar abstract Intradermal Delivery of Nanoparticle Vaccine Formulation via Microneedle
Thomas, David D.
and other strategies such as iontophoresis were developed to increase drug delivery efficiency.(Prausnitz
Knowledge of Mathematical Equivalence in Children with Specific Language Impairment: Evidence from investigated understanding of mathematical equivalence in children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI and mathematical equivalence problems. Problem solutions and explanations were coded for accuracy and problem
Equivalence of Conventionally-Derived and Parthenote-Derived Human Embryonic Stem Cells
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Equivalence of Conventionally-Derived and Parthenote-6 | Issue 1 | e14499 Equivalence of hESC and phESC Figure 4.to determine points of equivalence and differences between
Containment, Equivalence and Coreness from CSP to QCSP and beyond
Madelaine, Florent
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) and its quantified extensions, whether without (QCSP) or with disjunction (QCSP_or), correspond naturally to the model checking problem for three increasingly stronger fragments of positive first-order logic. Their complexity is often studied when parameterised by a fixed model, the so-called template. It is a natural question to ask when two templates are equivalent, or more generally when one "contain" another, in the sense that a satisfied instance of the first will be necessarily satisfied in the second. One can also ask for a smallest possible equivalent template: this is known as the core for CSP. We recall and extend previous results on containment, equivalence and "coreness" for QCSP_or before initiating a preliminary study of cores for QCSP which we characterise for certain structures and which turns out to be more elusive.
Mesoscale symmetries explain dynamical equivalence of food webs
Aufderheide, Helge; Gross, Thilo
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A present challenge in complex systems is to identify mesoscale structures that have distinct dynamical implications. In this paper we present a detailed investigation of a previously observed dynamical equivalence of certian ecological food webs. We show that this equivalence is rooted in mesoscale symmetries that exist in these webs. Certain eigenvectors of the Jacobian describing dynamical modes of the system, such as specific instabilities or responses to perturbations, localize on these symmetric motifs. On the one hand this means that by removing a symmetry from the network one obtains a system which has identical dynamics except for the removal of the localized mode. This explains the previously observed equivalence. On the other hand it means that we can identify dynamical modes that only depend on the symmetric motif. Symmetric structures thus provide an example for mesoscale network motifs having distinct and exact implications for the dynamics.
SelfSelf--healing Powerhealing Power Delivery InfrastructureDelivery Infrastructure
Amin, S. Massoud
Network/Systems Initiative Complex interactive networks: · Energy infrastructure: Electric power gridsSelfSelf--healing Powerhealing Power Delivery InfrastructureDelivery Infrastructure Massoud Amin, D developed while the author was at the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) in Palo Alto, CA. EPRI
The Equivalence Principle and the Constants of Nature
Thibault Damour
2009-06-17T23:59:59.000Z
We briefly review the various contexts within which one might address the issue of ``why'' the dimensionless constants of Nature have the particular values that they are observed to have. Both the general historical trend, in physics, of replacing a-priori-given, absolute structures by dynamical entities, and anthropic considerations, suggest that coupling ``constants'' have a dynamical nature. This hints at the existence of observable violations of the Equivalence Principle at some level, and motivates the need for improved tests of the Equivalence Principle.
Intern equivalency at the Energy Resources Conservation Board: a report
Collins, Gerald, 1949-
2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z
stream_source_info 4019367.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 91788 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name 4019367.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 INTERN EQUIVALENCY AT THE ENERGY... Engineering INTERN EQUIVALENCY AT THE ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION BOARD A Report by Gerald Collins Approved as to styleand content by (ChairmanJifi?'Commi ttee) (Member) (Member) December 1980 ABSTRACT The author had seven years' engineering...
Electrical charges in gravitational fields, and Einstein's equivalence principle
Gerold Gründler
2015-10-06T23:59:59.000Z
According to Larmor's formula, accelerated electric charges radiate electromagnetic waves. Hence charges should radiate, if they are in free fall in gravitational fields, and they should not radiate if they are supported at rest in gravitational fields. But according to Einstein's equivalence principle, charges in free fall should not radiate, while charges supported at rest in gravitational fields should radiate. In this article we point out indirect experimental evidence, indicating that the equivalence principle is correct, while Larmor's formula must be interpreted different than commonly accepted.
Equivalent circuit modeling of hybrid electric vehicle drive train
Routex, Jean-Yves
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
: Electromechanical model of the DC motor drive. . Figure 4. 4. 2: First equivalent circuit of the DC motor drive Figure 4. 4. 3: Final equivalent circuit of the DC motor drive. Figure 4. 4. 4: Synchronous machine stator circuit. Figure 4. 4. 5: Electromechanical... of the synchronous motor drive. . Figure 4. 4. 9: General torque-speed characteristic of the motor. . . . Figure 4. 5. 1: Electromechanical model of the ICE. Figure 4. 5. 2: Electromechanical model of the gas turbine. Figure 4. 5. 3: Electrical model of the fuel...
2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan- Chapter 16, Equivalencies and Exemptions
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 16, Equivalencies and Exemptions Describes DOE Headquarters procedures for requesting Equivalencies and Exemptions to DOE security directives.
On the Equivalence of Nonnegative Matrix Factorization and K-means - Spectral Clustering
Ding, Chris; He, Xiaofeng; Simon, Horst D.; Jin, Rong
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
He, and H.D. Simon. On the equivalence of nonnegative matrixOn the Equivalence of Nonnegative Matrix Factorization and
Cultural evolution is not equivalent to Darwinian evolution
Reader, Simon
Cultural evolution is not equivalent to Darwinian evolution Dwight W. Read Department://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/anthro/faculty/read/ Abstract: Darwinian evolution, defined as evolution arising from selection based directly on the properties. The difficulty with linking Darwinian evolution to structural properties of cultural constructs is exemplified
A Theory of Operational Equivalence for Interaction Nets
FernÃ¡ndez, Maribel
A Theory of Operational Equivalence for Interaction Nets Maribel Fernâ??andez 1 and Ian Mackie 2 1. In this paper we apply these (now standard) techniques to interactions nets, a graphical programming language in interaction nets since it can be applied to untyped systems, thus all systems of interaction nets are captured
Equivalence for Varieties in General and for BOOL in Particular
Porst, Hans-E. Fachbereich 3
algebras of fixed orders m and the variety BOOL of Boolean algebras are obtained; moreover it can be shownEquivalence for Varieties in General and for BOOL in Particular HansE. Porst Abstract power construction of a variety and McKenzie's modification of classes of algebras [22] become
ON OBSERVATIONAL EQUIVALENCE AND ALGEBRAIC SPECIFICATION --Extended abstract i --
Sannella, Don
operations on nat and bool), and suppose A and B are ~-algebras with tAIbunch = the set of finite setsON OBSERVATIONAL EQUIVALENCE AND ALGEBRAIC SPECIFICATION -- Extended abstract i -- Donald Sannella which is adequate to handle reachable algebras only, and show how to extend it to cope with unreachable
Equivalent roughness height for plane bed under oscillatory flow
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
, the bed roughness height of a flat and fixed bed is given in terms of the Nikuradse roughness height (ks may be several orders of magnitude larger than for a fixed bed. This is probably causedEquivalent roughness height for plane bed under oscillatory flow Beno^it Camenen , Magnus Larson
Equivalent Roughness Height for Plane Bed under Steady Flow
US Army Corps of Engineers
current conditions. In general, owing to dimensional reasons, the bed roughness height of a flat and fixed orders of magnitude larger than for a fixed bed. This is probably caused by the increased energyEquivalent Roughness Height for Plane Bed under Steady Flow Benoît Camenen, Ph.D.1 ; Atilla Bayram
CONTROLLED TOPOLOGICAL EQUIVALENCE OF MAPS IN THE THEORY OF
Hughes, Bruce
CONTROLLED TOPOLOGICAL EQUIVALENCE OF MAPS IN THE THEORY OF STRATIFIED SPACES AND APPROXIMATE connections among the theories of topological stability of maps, controlled topology, and stratified spaces FIBRATIONS Bruce Hughes Ã?Ã?Ã? Ã?Âº Ideas from the theory of topological stability of smooth maps are trans
Flat systems, equivalence and trajectory R. M. Murray
Murray, Richard M.
Flat systems, equivalence and trajectory generation Ph. Martin R. M. Murray P. Rouchon Technical report, April 2003 Abstract Flat systems, an important subclass of nonlinear control systems in- troduced the infinite dimensional geometry devel- oped by Vinogradov and coworkers: a control system is a diffiety
Nordstrom's scalar theory of gravity and the equivalence principle
Nathalie Deruelle
2011-04-24T23:59:59.000Z
Nordstrom's theory of gravity, which describes gravity by a scalar field in flat spacetime, is observationally ruled out. It is however the only theory of gravity with General Relativity to obey the strong equivalence principle. I show in this paper that this remarkable property is true beyond post-newtonian level and can be related to the existence of a 'Nordstrom-Katz' superpotential.
The Equivalence Principle as a Probe for Higher Dimensions
Paul S. Wesson
2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z
Higher-dimensional theories of the kind which may unify gravitation with particle physics can lead to significant modifications of general relativity. In five dimensions, the vacuum becomes non-standard, and the Weak Equivalence Principle becomes a geometrical symmetry which can be broken, perhaps at a level detectable by new tests in space.
An ideal independent source as an equivalent 1-port
Emanuel Gluskin; Anatoly Patlakh
2011-08-24T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a 1-port, not necessarily linear, with a dependent source, appearing at the port. The control of the source is entirely internal for the 1-port. If this source is a parallel voltage source, then the equivalent circuit is an ideal independent voltage source, and if it is a series current source, then the equivalent circuit is an ideal independent current source. (As usual, "ideal" source is defined as a source whose proposed function is independent of the load.) In the simple LTI case, these results can be obtained, respectively, by either taking RTh zero in the Thevenin equivalent, or taking RN infinite in the Norton equivalent; however the very fact that the final circuits do not include any linear elements indicates the possibility of generalization to nonlinear 1-ports. Some limitations on the circuit's structure (functional dependencies in it) are required, and the clearness of these limitations, i.e. clearness of the conditions for the 1-port to be an ideal source for any load, is the aesthetical point.
Equivalence in Knowledge Representation: Automata, Recurrent Neural Networks,
Giles, C. Lee
Equivalence in Knowledge Representation: Automata, Recurrent Neural Networks, and Dynamical Fuzzy finite state automata (DFA) can be synthesized by or mapped into recurrent neural networks by directly programming the DFA structure into the weights of the neural network. Based on those results, a synthesis
CONFIDENTIAL: DO NOT QUOTE 1 Equivalence in Ventilation and
CONFIDENTIAL: DO NOT QUOTE 1 Equivalence in Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality M. H. Sherman, I ventilate buildings to provide acceptable indoor air quality (IAQ). Ventilation standards (such as American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Enginners [ASHRAE] Standard 62) specify minimum
DISCUSSIONS AND CLOSURES Discussion of "Equivalent Static Wind
Chen, Xinzhong
. By definition, the ESWL is a wind force and when it is applied statically, the response found by static analysis not occur without a cost. The ESWL in Eq. 10 of the original paper was developed for any particular windDISCUSSIONS AND CLOSURES Discussion of "Equivalent Static Wind Loads on Buildings: New Model
The Equivalence between Row and Column Linear Regression
Tresp, Volker
The Equivalence between Row and Column Linear Regression: A Surprising Feature of Linear Regression and Communications 81730 M¨unchen, Germany Abstract The rows of the design matrix in linear regression are the inputs of the training data set. Normal regression is row regression: the goal is to predict a training target from
Optically generated ultrasound for enhanced drug delivery
Visuri, Steven R. (Livermore, CA); Campbell, Heather L. (Baltimore, MD); Da Silva, Luiz (Danville, CA)
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
High frequency acoustic waves, analogous to ultrasound, can enhance the delivery of therapeutic compounds into cells. The compounds delivered may be chemotherapeutic drugs, antibiotics, photodynamic drugs or gene therapies. The therapeutic compounds are administered systemically, or preferably locally to the targeted site. Local delivery can be accomplished through a needle, cannula, or through a variety of vascular catheters, depending on the location of routes of access. To enhance the systemic or local delivery of the therapeutic compounds, high frequency acoustic waves are generated locally near the target site, and preferably near the site of compound administration. The acoustic waves are produced via laser radiation interaction with an absorbing media and can be produced via thermoelastic expansion, thermodynamic vaporization, material ablation, or plasma formation. Acoustic waves have the effect of temporarily permeabilizing the membranes of local cells, increasing the diffusion of the therapeutic compound into the cells, allowing for decreased total body dosages, decreased side effects, and enabling new therapies.
DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office Record 13013: H2 Delivery Cost...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
and Fuel Cells Program Record 13013 More Documents & Publications Hydrogen Delivery Roadmap US DRIVE Hydrogen Delivery Technical Team Roadmap H2A Hydrogen Delivery...
Renewable energy delivery systems and methods
Walker, Howard Andrew
2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z
A system, method and/or apparatus for the delivery of energy at a site, at least a portion of the energy being delivered by at least one or more of a plurality of renewable energy technologies, the system and method including calculating the load required by the site for the period; calculating the amount of renewable energy for the period, including obtaining a capacity and a percentage of the period for the renewable energy to be delivered; comparing the total load to the renewable energy available; and, implementing one or both of additional and alternative renewable energy sources for delivery of energy to the site.
Weber, Richard
11 Kalman Filtering and Certainty Equivalence We presents the important concepts of the Kalman. In the Gaussian case, it is also the maximum likelihood estimator. 11.2 The Kalman filter Let us make the LQG for these two quantities. Theorem 11.2 (The Kalman filter) Suppose that conditional on W0, the initial state x0
Virtual Laboratories > 1. Foundations > 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 5. Equivalence Relations
Demeio, Lucio
Virtual Laboratories > 1. Foundations > 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 5. Equivalence Relations A relation on a nonempty set S that is reflexive, symmetric, and transitive is said to be an equivalence relation on S. As the name and notation suggest, an equivalence relation is intended to define a type of equivalence among
LARGE DEVIATIONS AND THE THERMODYNAMIC FORMALISM: A NEW PROOF OF THE EQUIVALENCE OF ENSEMBLES a
LARGE DEVIATIONS AND THE THERMODYNAMIC FORMALISM: A NEW PROOF OF THE EQUIVALENCE OF ENSEMBLES a J The Equivalence of Ensembles In statistical mechanics the problem of the equivalence of ensembles goes back, the microcanonical measures and the grand canonical measures are equivalent; making precise the meaning
Orbit equivalence of Cantor minimal systems: A survey and a new proof
Putnam, Ian F.
Orbit equivalence of Cantor minimal systems: A survey and a new proof Ian F. Putnam, Department Abstract We give a new proof of the classification, up to topological orbit equivalence, of minimal AF-equivalence on the structure of AF-equivalence relations and the theory of dimension groups; we give a short survey
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Abstract: Full sequential equivalence checking by state space traversal has been shown, Simulation, SAT) to transform the sequential equivalence checking problem into a combinational equivalence successful in general, they are not able to reach proof of equivalence in presence of complex transformations
ON ALMOST BLOW-ANALYTIC EQUIVALENCE GOULWEN FICHOU AND MASAHIRO SHIOTA
Boyer, Edmond
ON ALMOST BLOW-ANALYTIC EQUIVALENCE GOULWEN FICHOU AND MASAHIRO SHIOTA Abstract. We study the analytic equivalence of real analytic function germs after desin- gularization and state the cardinality of the classes under this equivalence relation. We consider also the Nash case, and compare these equivalences
Pansu, Pierre
Metric problems in sub-Riemannian geometry Gromov's dimension approach to the H¨older equivalence problem Gromov's cochain approach to the H¨older equivalence problem Rumin's complex Quasisymmetric H¨older-Lipschitz equivalence problem Differential forms and the H¨older equivalence problem P. Pansu September 1st, 2014 P
ccsd-00004260,version1-15Feb2005 Galois coverings, Morita equivalence and smash
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
ccsd-00004260,version1-15Feb2005 Galois coverings, Morita equivalence and smash extensions to Morita equivalence of k-categories. For this purpose we describe processes providing Morita equivalences that there is a coincidence up to Morita equivalence between Galois coverings of k-categories and smash extensions
Microneedle delivery for improved efficacy of antiretroviral and antibiotic drugs
Stauber, Zachary Jason
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Two classes of drugs, antiretrovirals and antibiotics, could benefit greatly from delivery through microneedles. Microneedles (MN) offer an increase in efficacy for these drugs by providing delivery to the lymphatic system ...
Fluid delivery control system | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Fluid delivery control system Re-direct Destination: A method of controlling the delivery of fluid to an engine includes receiving a fuel flow rate signal. An electric pump is...
Vaccine delivery with microneedle skin patches in nonhuman primates
Li, Adrienne V
Transcutaneous drug delivery from planar skin patches is effective for small-molecule drugs and skin-permeable vaccine adjuvants. However, to achieve efficient delivery of vaccines and other macromolecular therapeutics ...
Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability FY 2010...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
FY 2010 Budget Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability FY 2010 Budget The FY 2010 Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) budget request is 208.0...
PREPARING THE VIRTUAL CLASSROOM FOR DISTANCE DELIVERY
Dyer, Bill
of humans and their companion domestic animals and livestock. Students learn that there are certain "at riskPREPARING THE VIRTUAL CLASSROOM FOR DISTANCE DELIVERY: MEDICAL-VETERINARY ENTOMOLOGY CLINICS laboratory," library materials, conventional lectures and the 43 virtual patients in the clinics
LIFE Economics and Delivery Pathway Presentation to
LIFE Economics and Delivery Pathway Presentation to National Research Council's review is necessary (but not sufficient) for economic viability Minimumforeconomics Cost and risk to buy additional systems approach is required to develop an economically viable plant design Anklam--NAS/NAE, January 29
IFE Target Fabrication, Delivery, and Cost Estimates
Foam Shell Generation Seal Coat Formation CO2 Drying High-Z Sputter CoatingDT Filling DT LayeringIFE Target Fabrication, Delivery, and Cost Estimates N. B. Alexander, L. Brown, D. Callahan, P degrees... SOMBRERO 3-D model for neutronics analysisLaser Fusion HIF - HYLIFE-II ZFE #12;An initial cost
CSU Mail Production Center 6011 Campus Delivery
CSU Mail Production Center 6011 Campus Delivery Phone: 970-491-6142 Fax: 970-491-5012 E-mail: mail.production@colostate.edu MAIL PRODUCTION SERVICE REQUEST CONTACT & BILLING INFORMATION Contact Person Name Mail Code Department Mail Date ** ** Allow up to 5 to 7 days from date materials are received by Mail Production. Inquiries
An Implantable MEMS Drug Delivery Device for Rapid Delivery in Ambulatory Emergency Care
Elman, Noel
We introduce the first implantable drug delivery system based on MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems) technology specifically designed as a platform for treatment in ambulatory emergency care. The device is named ...
Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentatio...
Secure Communications Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations - Secure Communications National lab researchers, industry partners, and academia...
Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentatio...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Software Engineering Institute Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations - Software Engineering Institute National lab researchers, industry...
Equivalence problem for the orthogonal webs on the sphere
Caroline Cochran; Raymond G. McLenaghan; Roman G. Smirnov
2010-09-22T23:59:59.000Z
We solve the equivalence problem for the orthogonally separable webs on the three-sphere under the action of the isometry group. This continues a classical project initiated by Olevsky in which he solved the corresponding canonical forms problem. The solution to the equivalence problem together with the results by Olevsky forms a complete solution to the problem of orthogonal separation of variables to the Hamilton-Jacobi equation defined on the three-sphere via orthogonal separation of variables. It is based on invariant properties of the characteristic Killing two-tensors in addition to properties of the corresponding algebraic curvature tensor and the associated Ricci tensor. The result is illustrated by a non-trivial application to a natural Hamiltonian defined on the three-sphere.
Environmental Assessment DOE/EA-1172 DOE Sale of Surplus Natural...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
pounds U 3 O 8 (e) per year. The revenues from these sales would be deposited | in the United States Treasury. Inventory Uranium As for the 21.5 million pounds U 3 O 8 (e) from...
Torsion-balance tests of the weak equivalence principle
T. A. Wagner; S. Schlamminger; J. H. Gundlach; E. G. Adelberger
2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z
We briefly summarize motivations for testing the weak equivalence principle and then review recent torsion-balance results that compare the differential accelerations of beryllium-aluminum and beryllium-titanium test body pairs with precisions at the part in $10^{13}$ level. We discuss some implications of these results for the gravitational properties of antimatter and dark matter, and speculate about the prospects for further improvements in experimental sensitivity.
Development of design tool for statically equivalent deepwater mooring systems
Udoh, Ikpoto Enefiok
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
system which has been reduced in size and which matches the static properties of the full depth system in the same number of rigid body degrees of freedom and over some specified range of loads or offsets is best described as a ?statically equivalent... restoring forces and global stiffness in some specified number of rigid body degrees of freedom, and over some specified loads or offsets. Other parameters typically included are natural frequencies of the free vibration of the floater. ? Designing...
MOSFETMOSFET ffTT MOSFET small-signal equivalent circuits
Pulfrey, David L.
--parametersparameters 1. fT is related to the short-circuit current gain 2. |id/ig|2 = |y23/y33|2 3. Extrapolated f to one using z-parameters 2. It's now easy to add in the parasitic R's 3. fT is related to the short-circuit1 MOSFETMOSFET ffTT LECTURE 17 · MOSFET small-signal equivalent circuits · 2-port parameters · y
Design of Microfabricated Inductors for Microprocessor Power Delivery
Design of Microfabricated Inductors for Microprocessor Power Delivery G. J. Mehas K. D. Coonley C/99 Design of Microfabricated Inductors for Microprocessor Power Delivery Gustavo J. Mehas, Kip D. Coonley://engineering.dartmouth.edu/inductor/ Abstract-- Microfabricated inductor designs are proposed for converters for microprocessor power delivery
Integer linear programming models for a cement delivery problem
Hertz, Alain
Integer linear programming models for a cement delivery problem Alain Hertz D´epartement de math.uldry@unifr.ch and marino.widmer@unifr.ch April 4, 2011 Abstract We consider a cement delivery problem with an heterogeneous in [14], [15] and [16] and are reviewed in [4]. In this paper, we study a cement delivery problem which
Salt, Alec N.
1 Section 21: Drug Discovery/Delivery Pharmacokinetic Considerations of Local Drug Delivery.Plontke@uni-tuebingen.de Although there is increasing interest in the local delivery of drugs to the inner ear by applying them to the round window (RW) membrane, most drug application protocols have been empirically- based. As a result
Waste Feed Delivery Transfer System Analysis
JULYK, L.J.
2000-05-05T23:59:59.000Z
This document provides a documented basis for the required design pressure rating and pump pressure capacity of the Hanford Site waste-transfer system in support of the waste feed delivery to the privatization contractor for vitrification. The scope of the analysis includes the 200 East Area double-shell tank waste transfer pipeline system and the associated transfer system pumps for a11 Phase 1B and Phase 2 waste transfers from AN, AP, AW, AY, and A2 Tank Farms.
Equivalent forms of the Bessis-Moussa-Villani conjecture
Elliott H. Lieb; Robert Seiringer
2004-01-09T23:59:59.000Z
The BMV conjecture for traces, which states that $Tr exp(A -\\lambda B)$ is the Laplace transform of a positive measure, is shown to be equivalent to two other statements: (i) The polynomial $\\lambda\\mapsto Tr(A+\\lambda B)^p$ has only non-negative coefficients for all $A, B \\geq 0$, $p\\in N$ and (ii) $\\lambda\\mapsto \\Tr (A+\\lambda B)^{-p}$ is the Laplace transform of a positive measure for $A, B \\geq 0$, $p>0$.
The equivalence of inverse Compton scattering and the undulator concept
Ng, K.Y,; /Fermilab
2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Inverse Compton scattering is a method to produce very high frequency photon beam. However, the production mechanism can also be viewed as a undulator emission. This is because the electron sees electric and magnetic fields of the incident laser beam and is driven into transverse oscillatory motion in exactly the same way when the electron passes through a undulator consisting of alternating magnetic field. This note gives a detailed examination of the similarity about the two views. Equivalent undulator parameters are derived for the incident laser beam, as well as the differential cross section of photon emission.
Commutation Relations for Double Tensors of Two Equivalent D Electrons
Chin-Sheng Wu
2007-07-07T23:59:59.000Z
We apply the Clebsch-Gordan and Racah coefficients to calculate the double tensors for two equivalent d electrons. We also obtain the commutation relations for these double tensors and choose certain quantum numbers, which produce a subgroup. From the root vectors of the commutation relations, we identify them with Lie algebra B2. Once we have the correct Lie algebra, it is feasible to use the Wigner-Eckart theorem to find matrix elements for transition states among atomic spectra or nuclear shell models.
Equivalence principle and experimental tests of gravitational spin effects
A. J. Silenko; O. V. Teryaev
2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z
We study the possibility of experimental testing the manifestations of equivalence principle in spin-gravity interactions. We reconsider the earlier experimental data and get the first experimental bound on anomalous gravitomagnetic moment. The spin coupling to the Earth's rotation may also be explored at the extensions of neutron EDM and g-2 experiments. The spin coupling to the terrestrial gravity produces a considerable effect which may be discovered at the planned deuteron EDM experiment. The Earth's rotation should also be taken into account in optical experiments on a search for axionlike particles.
Waste feed delivery planning at Hanford
Certa, Paul J.; West, Elizha B.; Rodriguez, Juissepp S.; Hohl, Ted M.; Larsen, Douglas C.; Ritari, Jaakob S.; Kelly, James W.
2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z
The Integrated Waste Feed Delivery Plan (IWFDP) describes how waste feed will be delivered to the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) to safely and efficiently accomplish the River Protection Project (RPP) mission. The IWFDP, which is integrated with the Baseline Case operating scenario, is comprised of three volumes. Volume 1 - Process Strategy provides an overview of waste feed delivery (WFD) and describes how the WFD system will be used to prepare and deliver feed to the WTP based on the equipment configuration and functional capabilities of the WFD system. Volume 2 - Campaign Plan describes the plans for the first eight campaigns for delivery to the WTP, evaluates projected feed for systematic issues, projects 242-A Evaporator campaigns, and evaluates double-shell tank (DST) space and availability of contingency feed. Volume 3 - Project Plan identifies the scope and timing of the DST and infrastructure upgrade projects necessary to feed the WTP, and coordinates over 30 projectized projects and operational activities that comprise the needed WFD upgrades.
Lunar Laser Ranging Tests of the Equivalence Principle
James G. Williams; Slava G. Turyshev; Dale Boggs
2012-03-09T23:59:59.000Z
The Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR) experiment provides precise observations of the lunar orbit that contribute to a wide range of science investigations. In particular, time series of highly accurate measurements of the distance between the Earth and Moon provide unique information that determine whether, in accordance with the Equivalence Principle (EP), both of these celestial bodies are falling towards the Sun at the same rate, despite their different masses, compositions, and gravitational self-energies. Analyses of precise laser ranges to the Moon continue to provide increasingly stringent limits on any violation of the EP. Current LLR solutions give (-0.8 +/- 1.3) x 10^{-13} for any possible inequality in the ratios of the gravitational and inertial masses for the Earth and Moon, (m_G/m_I)_E - (m_G/m_I)_M. Such an accurate result allows other tests of gravitational theories. Focusing on the tests of the EP, we discuss the existing data and data analysis techniques. The robustness of the LLR solutions is demonstrated with several different approaches to solutions. Additional high accuracy ranges and improvements in the LLR data analysis model will further advance the research of relativistic gravity in the solar system, and will continue to provide highly accurate tests of the Equivalence Principle.
On the equivalence theorem in f(R)-type generalized gravity
Y. Ezawa; H. Iwasaki; Y. Ohkuwa; S. Watanabe; N. Yamada; T. Yano
2009-03-26T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate whether the equivalence theorem in f(R)-type gravity is valid also in quantum theory. It is shown that, if the canonical quantization is assumed, equivalence does not hold in quantum theory.
Protein-Based Nanomedicine Platforms for Drug Delivery
Ma Ham, Aihui; Tang, Zhiwen; Wu, Hong; Wang, Jun; Lin, Yuehe
2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
Drug delivery systems have been developed for many years, however some limitations still hurdle the pace of going to clinical phase, for example, poor biodistribution, drug molecule cytotoxicity, tissue damage, quick clearance from the circulation system, solubility and stability of drug molecules. To overcome the limitations of drug delivery, biomaterials have to be developed and applied to drug delivery to protect the drug molecules and to enhance the drug’s efficacy. Protein-based nanomedicine platforms for drug delivery are platforms comprised of naturally self-assembled protein subunits of the same protein or a combination of proteins making up a complete system. They are ideal for drug delivery platforms due to their biocompatibility and biodegradability coupled with low toxicity. A variety of proteins have been used and characterized for drug delivery systems including the ferritin/apoferritin protein cage, plant derived viral capsids, the small Heat shock protein (sHsp) cage, albumin, soy and whey protein, collagen, and gelatin. There are many different types and shapes that have been prepared to deliver drug molecules using protein-based platforms including the various protein cages, microspheres, nanoparticles, hydrogels, films, minirods and minipellets. There are over 30 therapeutic compounds that have been investigated with protein-based drug delivery platforms for the potential treatment of various cancers, infectious diseases, chronic diseases, autoimmune diseases. In protein-based drug delivery platforms, protein cage is the most newly developed biomaterials for drug delivery and therapeutic applications. Their uniform sizes, multifunctions, and biodegradability push them to the frontier for drug delivery. In this review, the recent strategic development of drug delivery has been discussed with a special emphasis upon the polymer based, especially protein-based nanomedicine platforms for drug delivery. The advantages and disadvantages are also discussed for each type of protein based drug delivery system.
114 CHAPTER 2. REGULAR LANGUAGES 2.17 Right-Invariant Equivalence Relations on
Gallier, Jean
114 CHAPTER 2. REGULAR LANGUAGES 2.17 Right-Invariant Equivalence Relations on Let D = (Q, , , q0 an equivalent DFA Dr such that L(D) = L(Dr), where all the states of Dr are reachable. From now on, we assume-INVARIANT EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS ON 115 Recall that an equivalence relation on a set A is a relation which is reflexive
On the equivalence of state transformer semantics and predicate transformer semantics
Keimel, Klaus
On the equivalence of state transformer semantics and predicate transformer semantics Dedicated and the author [13] have worked out the equivalence between state transformer semantics and predicate transformer the last section, where the equivalence of predicate and state transformer semantics is finally put
EQUIVALENT STATIC WIND LOAD DISTRIBUTION OF COUPLED BUFFETING RESPONSE OF BRIDGES
Kareem, Ahsan
EQUIVALENT STATIC WIND LOAD DISTRIBUTION OF COUPLED BUFFETING RESPONSE OF BRIDGES Xinzhong Chen in terms of the equivalent static wind loads. The gust response factor (GRF) approach that assumes the equivalent static loads having the same distribution of the mean static wind loads is widely used
1 Copyright 2004 by ASME DESIGN FOR CRASHWORTHINESS OF VEHICLE STRUCTURES VIA EQUIVALENT
Saitou, Kazuhiro "Kazu"
1 Copyright © 2004 by ASME DESIGN FOR CRASHWORTHINESS OF VEHICLE STRUCTURES VIA EQUIVALENT "equivalent" mechanism models of vehicle structures as a tool for the early design exploration. An equivalent, structural design for crashworthiness is a difficult task in which the design process often involves non
State property systems and closure spaces: a study of categorical equivalence
Aerts, Diederik
State property systems and closure spaces: a study of categorical equivalence Diederik Aerts, Eva system. We prove that the category of state property systems (and morphisms), SP, is equivalent to the category of closure spaces (and continuous maps), Cls. We show the equivalence of the `state determination
Strong and uniform equivalence of nonmonotonic theories --an algebraic Miroslaw Truszczynski
Truszczynski, Miroslaw
Strong and uniform equivalence of nonmonotonic theories -- an algebraic approach Miroslaw Truszczy We show that the concepts of strong and uniform equivalence of logic programs can be generalized and uniform equivalence for sev- eral nonmonotonic logics including logic programming with aggregates, default
Comment on the equivalence of Bakamjian-Thomas mass operators in different forms of dynamics
Polyzou, Wayne
Comment on the equivalence of Bakamjian-Thomas mass operators in different forms of dynamics W. N, 2010) We discuss the scattering equivalence of the generalized Bakamjian-Thomas construction of dy- namical representations of the Poincar´e group in all of Dirac's forms of dynamics. The equivalence
The Stable Equivalence and Cancellation Problems Leonid Makar-Limanov Peter van Rossum
Shpilrain, Vladimir
The Stable Equivalence and Cancellation Problems Leonid Makar-Limanov #3; Peter van Rossum Vladimir are isomorphic. In this paper, we focus on a related problem: given two varieties with equivalent (under an automorphism of A n+1 ) cylinders V 1 #2;A 1 and V 2 #2;A 1 , are V 1 and V 2 equivalent under an automorphism
G-Structures Local Equivalence and Classification of Co-frames
Patrick, George
Motivation G-Structures Local Equivalence and Classification of Co-frames Solution Summary and Further Results Local Equivalence and Classification of Finite Type G-Structures Ivan Struchiner1 1 and Infinite Dimensional Ivan Struchiner Equivalence of G-Structures #12;Motivation G-Structures Local
Equivalence for nonparametric drift estimation of a diffusion process and its Euler scheme.
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Equivalence for nonparametric drift estimation of a diffusion process and its Euler scheme. V equivalence theory of Le Cam (1986) is to approx- imate general statistical models by simple ones. We develop here a global asymptotic equivalence result for nonparametric drift estimation of a discretely observed
Equivalence Principle Violation in Weakly Vainshtein-Screened Systems Alexander V. Belikov1
Hu, Wayne
Equivalence Principle Violation in Weakly Vainshtein-Screened Systems Alexander V. Belikov1-dependent interactions cause apparent equivalence principle vi- olations. In the weakly-screened regime violations can [1723]. In these models, all bodies accelerate equivalently in the total field of the fifth force
GAMES AND ELEMENTARY EQUIVALENCE OF II1 FACTORS ISAAC GOLDBRING AND THOMAS SINCLAIR
Goldbring, Isaac
GAMES AND ELEMENTARY EQUIVALENCE OF II1 FACTORS ISAAC GOLDBRING AND THOMAS SINCLAIR Abstract. We use Ehrenfeucht-Fra¨iss´e games to give a local geometric crite- rion for elementary equivalence of II1 factors. We obtain as a corollary that two II1 factors are elementarily equivalent if and only
Tests of the hydrodynamic equivalence of direct-drive implosions with different D2 and 3
Tests of the hydrodynamic equivalence of direct-drive implosions with different D2 and 3 He, D2 and 3 He gases are fully ionized, and hydrodynamically equivalent fuels with different ratios the materials are cho- sen to be as nearly hydrodynamically equivalent as possible. D and 3 He have the special
Recap Weak Normal EC Strong Normal EC Robustness Combined with WCT Equivalence Class Testing
Mousavi, Mohammad
Recap Weak Normal EC Strong Normal EC Robustness Combined with WCT Equivalence Class Testing: Equivalence Class Testing #12;Recap Weak Normal EC Strong Normal EC Robustness Combined with WCT Outline Recap Weak Normal EC Strong Normal EC Robustness Combined with WCT Mousavi: Equivalence Class Testing #12
Tiling groupoids and Bratteli diagrams II: structure of the orbit equivalence relation
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Tiling groupoids and Bratteli diagrams II: structure of the orbit equivalence relation A. Julien, J on the faces of the tiles of all dimensions j = 0, . . . , d - 1. We reconstruct the tiling's equivalence to a natural notion of border for its associated tiling. We define an ´etale equivalence relation RB on B
Strong and uniform equivalence of nonmonotonic theories ---an algebraic Mirosl/aw Truszczy
Truszczynski, Miroslaw
Strong and uniform equivalence of nonmonotonic theories --- an algebraic approach # Mirosl mirekcs.uky.edu Abstract We show that the concepts of strong and uniform equivalence of logic programs can characterizations of strong and uniform equivalence for sevÂ eral nonmonotonic logics including logic programming
ANALYTIC EQUIVALENCE OF NORMAL CROSSING FUNCTIONS ON A REAL ANALYTIC MANIFOLD
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
ANALYTIC EQUIVALENCE OF NORMAL CROSSING FUNCTIONS ON A REAL ANALYTIC MANIFOLD Goulwen Fichou crossing singularities after a modification. We focus on the analytic equivalence of such functions with only normal crossing singularities. We prove that for such functions C right equivalence implies
The Hardness of Code Equivalence over Fq and its Application to Code-based Cryptography
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
The Hardness of Code Equivalence over Fq and its Application to Code-based Cryptography Nicolas {nicolas.sendrier,dimitrios.simos}@inria.fr Abstract. The code equivalence problem is to decide whether two review the hardness of code equivalence over Fq due to some recent negative results and argue
Reducing Strong Equivalence of Logic Programs to Entailment in Classical Propositional Logic
Wu, Dekai
Reducing Strong Equivalence of Logic Programs to Entailment in Classical Propositional Logic ] introduced a notion of strong equivalence beÂ tween two logic programs, and showed that it can be captured theories that reduces this notion of strong equivalence to enÂ tailment in classical propositional logic
ccsd-00003913,version1-17Jan2005 ZETA FUNCTIONS AND BLOW-NASH EQUIVALENCE
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
ccsd-00003913,version1-17Jan2005 ZETA FUNCTIONS AND BLOW-NASH EQUIVALENCE GOULWEN FICHOU Abstract. We propose a refinement of the notion of blow-Nash equivalence between Nash function germs, which has been introduced in [2] as an analog in the Nash setting of the blow-analytic equivalence defined by T
The number of topological generators for full groups of ergodic equivalence relations
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
The number of topological generators for full groups of ergodic equivalence relations François Le associated with an ergodic probability measure-preserving (pmp) equivalence relation, namely its cost invariant is the partition of X into orbits induced by , that is, the orbit equivalence relation x R y iff
Equivalence of CHR States Revisited Frank Raiser, Hariolf Betz, and Thom Fruhwirth
Sarna-Starosta, Beata
Equivalence of CHR States Revisited Frank Raiser, Hariolf Betz, and Thom FrÂ¨uhwirth Faculty it is generally agreed-upon that certain classes of CHR states should be considered equivalent, no standard proof for its compliance with rule application and provide a proof technique to determine equivalence
PUBLISHED VERSION Equivalence of two independent calculations of the higher order guiding center 2014, pp.104506 and may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4897317 #12;Equivalence of two conversion Phys. Plasmas 14, 082102 (2007); 10.1063/1.2748051 Equivalence of higherorder Lagrangians. II
The Effective Theory of Borel Equivalence Relations Ekaterina B. Fokina Sy-David Friedman Asger T¨ornquist June 16, 2009 Abstract The study of Borel equivalence relations under Borel reducibility has developed-Kechris-Louveau ([5]) show that with respect to Borel reducibility, any Borel equivalence relation strictly above
On full groups of non ergodic probability measure preserving equivalence relations
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
On full groups of non ergodic probability measure preserving equivalence relations François Le the topological rank of the full group of an aperiodic pmp equivalence relation to the cost of its ergodic property for full groups of aperiodic equivalence relations, and find a connected metric for which
The Equivalence Problem of Multitape Finite Tero Harju and Juhani Karhumaki
Harju, Tero
The Equivalence Problem of Multitape Finite Automata Tero Harju and Juhani Karhum¨aki Deptartment we solve a long standing open problem in automata theory, namely, the equivalence problem for the multiplicity equivalence of finite automata over conservative monoids embeddable in a fully ordered group. 1
Asymptotic equivalence for time continuous additive processes and their discrete counterpart
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Asymptotic equivalence for time continuous additive processes and their discrete counterpart Pierre the global asymptotic equivalence between a pure jumps Lévy process with unknown Lévy measure and a sequence equivalence, Lévy processes, additive processes, non-parametric regression. AMS 2010 subject classification
Asymptotic equivalence of jumps Lvy processes and their discrete counterpart Pierre tora
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Asymptotic equivalence of jumps Lévy processes and their discrete counterpart Pierre Étoréa , Sana.Mariucci@imag.fr Abstract We establish the global asymptotic equivalence between a pure jumps Lévy process {Xt} on the time Poisson independent random variables with parameters linked with the Lévy measure . The equivalence result
Baum, Bryan A.
Relationship between ice water content and equivalent radar reflectivity for clouds consisting investigates the relationship between ice water content (IWC) and equivalent radar reflectivity (Ze) at 94 GHz. Baum, and A. J. Heymsfield (2008), Relationship between ice water content and equivalent radar
Nadeau, Sylvain [Departement de physique, de genie physique et d'optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, QC (Canada) and Departement de radio-oncologie et Centre de recherche de l'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, QC (Canada)]. E-mail: sylvainn@rrsb.nb.ca; Bouchard, Myriam [Departement de radio-oncologie et Centre de recherche de l'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, QC (Canada); Germain, Isabelle [Departement de radio-oncologie et Centre de recherche de l'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, QC (Canada); Raymond, Paul-Emile [Departement de radio-oncologie et Centre de recherche de l'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, QC (Canada); Beaulieu, Frederic [Departement de radio-oncologie et Centre de recherche de l'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, QC (Canada); Beaulieu, Luc [Departement de physique, de genie physique et d'optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, QC (Canada); Departement de radio-oncologie et Centre de recherche de l'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, QC (Canada); Roy, Rene [Departement de physique, de genie physique et d'optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, QC (Canada); Gingras, Luc [Departement de physique, de genie physique et d'optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, QC (Canada); Departement de radio-oncologie et Centre de recherche de l'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, QC (Canada)
2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: To evaluate dosimetric and treatment delivery advantages of aperture-based intensity-modulated radiotherapy (AB-IMRT) for the treatment of patients receiving whole pelvic radiotherapy for gynecologic malignancies. Methods and Materials: Nineteen patients undergoing pelvic radiotherapy after resection of endometrial cancers were selected. A 45-Gy dose was prescribed to the target volume delineated on a planning CT scan. An in-house inverse planning system, Ballista, was used to develop a treatment plan using aperture-based multileaf collimator segments. This approach was compared with conventional four-field, enlarged four-field, and static beamlet-based IMRT (BB-IMRT) techniques in terms of target coverage, dose-volume histogram statistics for surrounding normal tissues, and numbers of segments and monitor units (MU). Results: Three quarters (76.4%) of the planning target volume received the prescription dose with conventional four-field plans. With adequate target coverage, the Ballista plans significantly reduced the volume of bowel and bladder irradiated at the prescribed dose (p < 0.001), whereas the two approaches provided equivalent results for the rectum (p 0.5). On the other hand, AB-IMRT and BB-IMRT plans showed only small differences in dose-volume histogram statistics of unknown clinical impact, whereas Ballista plan delivery required on average 73% and 59% fewer segments and MU, respectively. Conclusion: With respect to conventional techniques, AB-IMRT for the treatment of gynecologic malignancies provides dosimetric advantages similar to those with BB-IMRT but with clear treatment delivery improvements.
Quantum Equivalence and Quantum Signatures in Heat Engines
Raam Uzdin; Amikam Levy; Ronnie Kosloff
2015-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum heat engines (QHE) are thermal machines where the working substance is quantum. In the extreme case the working medium can be a single particle or a few level quantum system. The study of QHE has shown a remarkable similarity with the standard thermodynamical models, thus raising the issue what is quantum in quantum thermodynamics. Our main result is thermodynamical equivalence of all engine type in the quantum regime of small action. They have the same power, the same heat, the same efficiency, and they even have the same relaxation rates and relaxation modes. Furthermore, it is shown that QHE have quantum-thermodynamic signature, i.e thermodynamic measurements can confirm the presence of quantum coherence in the device. The coherent work extraction mechanism enables power outputs that greatly exceed the power of stochastic (dephased) engines.
Topographic Effects on Ambient Dose Equivalent Rates from Radiocesium Fallout
Malins, Alex; Machida, Masahiko; Saito, Kimiaki
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Land topography can affect air radiation dose rates by locating radiation sources closer to, or further, from detector locations when compared to perfectly flat terrain. Hills and slopes can also shield against the propagation of gamma rays. To understand the possible magnitude of topographic effects on air dose rates, this study presents calculations for ambient dose equivalent rates at a range of heights above the ground for varying land topographies. The geometries considered were angled ground at the intersection of two planar surfaces, which is a model for slopes neighboring flat land, and a simple conical geometry, representing settings from hilltops to valley bottoms. In each case the radiation source was radioactive cesium fallout, and the slope angle was varied systematically to determine the effect of topography on the air dose rate. Under the assumption of homogeneous fallout across the land surface, and for these geometries and detector locations, the dose rates at high altitudes are more strongly...
Test of the Equivalence Principle Using a Rotating Torsion Balance
S. Schlamminger; K. -Y. Choi; T. A. Wagner; J. H. Gundlach; E. G. Adelberger
2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z
We used a continuously rotating torsion balance instrument to measure the acceleration difference of beryllium and titanium test bodies towards sources at a variety of distances. Our result Delta a=(0.6+/-3.1)x10^-15 m/s^2 improves limits on equivalence-principle violations with ranges from 1 m to infinity by an order of magnitude. The Eoetvoes parameter is eta=(0.3+/-1.8)x10^-13. By analyzing our data for accelerations towards the center of the Milky Way we find equal attractions of Be and Ti towards galactic dark matter, yielding eta=(-4 +/- 7)x10^-5. Space-fixed differential accelerations in any direction are limited to less than 8.8x10^-15 m/s^2 with 95% confidence.
Real time sensor for therapeutic radiation delivery
Bliss, M.; Craig, R.A.; Reeder, P.L.
1998-01-06T23:59:59.000Z
The invention is a real time sensor for therapeutic radiation. A probe is placed in or near the patient that senses in real time the dose at the location of the probe. The strength of the dose is determined by either an insertion or an exit probe. The location is determined by a series of vertical and horizontal sensing elements that gives the operator a real time read out dose location relative to placement of the patient. The increased accuracy prevents serious tissue damage to the patient by preventing overdose or delivery of a dose to a wrong location within the body. 14 figs.
Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g e OctoberEnergy FormerSites |BGE'sOctoberOPMEnergyElectricity Delivery and Energy Reliability
Hydrogen Delivery Roadmap | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasma | Department of EnergyBraking System for Non-Drive Axles HybridProgramRoadmap Hydrogen Delivery
Real time sensor for therapeutic radiation delivery
Bliss, Mary (West Richland, WA); Craig, Richard A. (West Richland, WA); Reeder, Paul L. (Richland, WA)
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The invention is a real time sensor for therapeutic radiation. A probe is placed in or near the patient that senses in real time the dose at the location of the probe. The strength of the dose is determined by either an insertion or an exit probe. The location is determined by a series of vertical and horizontal sensing elements that gives the operator a real time read out dose location relative to placement of the patient. The increased accuracy prevents serious tissue damage to the patient by preventing overdose or delivery of a dose to a wrong location within the body.
Sandia Energy - DOE Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliabilit...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability (OE) Energy Storage Safety Workshop Home Infrastructure Security Energy Facilities Grid Integration Capabilities CINT News...
Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Cyber Security...
the Nation's Energy Infrastructure from Cyber Attacks Working to Achieve Cybersecurity in the Energy Sector Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity - 2011...
PHEV Parcel Delivery Truck Model - Development and Preliminary Results (Presentation)
Barnitt, R
2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z
Describes results of a study to determine the impact of drive cycles on the energy- and cost-effectiveness of plug-in hybrid electric delivery vans.
2012 Director's Science Delivery Award | ornl.gov
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
and Richard Mills), is on the team that received the United States Department of Agriculture's 2012 Director's Science Delivery Award for their work on the USDA's project...
Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentatio...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Review Presentations - Secure Communications Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentations - Trustworthy Cyber Infrastructure for the Power Grid (TCIPG)...
Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentatio...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Analysis Using VCSE Promoting Control System Reliability Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review DOEOE National SCADA Test Bed Fiscal Year 2009 Work Plan...
H2A Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis Models and Conventional...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
An in-depth comparative analysis of promising infrastructure options for hydrogen delivery and distribution to refueling stations from central, semi-central, and distributed...
Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentatio...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
or cost-shared projects designed to enhance the security and reliability of the nation's energy delivery infrastructure. Industry experts from the Energy Sector Control Systems...
Hydrogen Delivery Technologies and Systems- Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Hydrogen Delivery Technologies and Systems - Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen. Design and operations standards and materials for hydrogen and natural gas pipelines.
College of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability | Department...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Vision OE recognizes that our Nation's sustained economic prosperity, quality of life, and global competitiveness depend on access to an...
Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability FY 2012 Budget...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Presentation by Patricia Hoffman of the Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability FY 2012 Budget Request. OE's FY 2012 budget request represents a strong commitment to...
Exploring Polymer and Liposomal Carriers for Optimized Drug Delivery
Ferguson, Heidi M
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1459–1467. Fox, M. E. Dendritic polymers for the delivery ofiii Chapter 1: Introduction to Polymer and Liposome Drugbioavailability. Conclusions Polymers and liposomes can be
Vectren Energy Delivery of Ohio (Gas)- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Vectren Energy Delivery offers residential natural gas customers in Ohio rebates for the installation of certain high efficiency natural gas appliances and building insulation. Rebates are...
Vectren Energy Delivery of Indiana (Electric)- Commercial New Construction Rebates
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Vectren Energy Delivery offers commercial customers in Indiana electric rebates for the installation of certain types of equipment in newly constructed buildings through its Energy Design Assist...
Rong, Yi, E-mail: yi.rong@osumc.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Chen, Yu; Lu, Weiguo [21st Century Oncology, Madison, Wisconsin 53719 (United States)] [21st Century Oncology, Madison, Wisconsin 53719 (United States); Shang, Lu [Guangxi Polytechnic of Construction and Technology, Nanning (China)] [Guangxi Polytechnic of Construction and Technology, Nanning (China); Zuo, Li [Radiologic Sciences and Respiratory Therapy Division, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Radiologic Sciences and Respiratory Therapy Division, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Chen, Quan [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 (United States)
2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: Despite superior target dose uniformity, helical tomotherapy{sup ®} (HT) may involve a trade-off between longitudinal dose conformity and beam-on time (BOT), due to the limitation of only three available jaw sizes with the conventional HT (1.0, 2.5, and 5.0 cm). The recently introduced dynamic running-start-stop (RSS) delivery allows smaller jaw opening at the superior and inferior ends of the target when a sharp penumbra is needed. This study compared the dosimetric performance of RSS delivery with the fixed jaw HT delivery. Methods: Twenty patient cases were selected and deidentified prior to treatment planning, including 16 common clinical cases (brain, head and neck (HN), lung, and prostate) and four special cases of whole brain with hippocampus avoidance (WBHA) that require a high degree of dose modulation. HT plans were generated for common clinical cases using the fixed 2.5 cm jaw width (HT2.5) and WBHA cases using 1.0 cm (HT1.0). The jaw widths for RSS were preset with a larger size (RSS5.0 vs HT2.5 and RSS2.5 vs HT1.0). Both delivery techniques were planned based on identical contours, prescriptions, and planning objectives. Dose indices for targets and critical organs were compared using dose-volume histograms, BOT, and monitor units. Results: The average BOT was reduced from 4.8 min with HT2.5 to 2.5 min with RSS5.0. Target dose homogeneity with RSS5.0 was shown comparable to HT2.5 for common clinical sites. Superior normal tissue sparing was observed in RSS5.0 for optic nerves and optic chiasm in brain and HN cases. RSS5.0 demonstrated improved dose sparing for cord and esophagus in lung cases, as well as penile bulb in prostate cases. The mean body dose was comparable for both techniques. For the WBHA cases, the target homogeneity was significantly degraded in RSS2.5 without distinct dose sparing for hippocampus, compared to HT1.0. Conclusions: Compared to the fixed jaw HT delivery, RSS combined with a larger jaw width provides faster treatment delivery and improved cranial-caudal target dose conformity. The target coverage achieved by RSS with a large jaw width is comparable to the fixed jaw HT delivery for common cancer sites, but may deteriorate for cases where complex geometry is present in the middle part of the target.
Light WIMPs, Equivalent Neutrinos, BBN, and the CMB
Gary Steigman; Kenneth M. Nollett
2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
Recent updates to the observational determinations of the primordial abundances of helium and deuterium are compared to the predictions of BBN to infer the universal ratio of baryons to photons (or, the present Universe baryon mass density parameter Omega_B h^2), as well as to constrain the effective number of neutrinos (N_eff) and the number of equivalent neutrinos (Delta N_nu). These BBN results are compared to those derived independently from the Planck CMB data. In the absence of a light WIMP (chi), N_eff = 3.05(1 + Delta N_nu/3). In this case, there is excellent agreement between BBN and the CMB, but the joint fit finds that Delta N_nu = 0.40 +/- 0.17, disfavoring standard big bang nucleosynthesis (SBBN: Delta N_nu = 0) at 2.4 sigma, as well as a sterile neutrino (Delta N_nu = 1) at 3.5 sigma. In the presence of a light WIMP, the relation between N_eff and Delta N_nu depends on the WIMP mass, leading to degeneracies among N_eff, Delta N_nu, and m_chi. The complementary and independent BBN and CMB data can break some of these degeneracies. Depending on the nature of the light WIMP (Majorana or Dirac fermion, real or complex scalar) the joint BBN + CMB analyses set a lower bound to m_chi in the range from 0.5 to 5 MeV, and they identify best fit values for m_chi in the range from 5 to 10 MeV. The joint BBN + CMB analyses find a best fit value for the number of equivalent neutrinos, Delta N_nu = 0.65, nearly independent of the nature of the WIMP. The best fit still disfavors the absence of dark radiation (Delta N_nu = 0 at 95% confidence), while allowing for the presence of a sterile neutrino (Delta N_nu = 1 at less than 1 sigma). For all cases considered here, the lithium problem persists. These results, presented at the 2013 Rencontres de l'Observatoire de Paris - ESO Workshop, are based on Nollett & Steigman 2013 (arXiv:1312.5725 [astro-ph.CO]).
Dynamic Line Rating Oncor Electric Delivery Smart Grid Program
Johnson, Justin; Smith, Cale; Young, Mike; Donohoo, Ken; Owen, Ross; Clark, Eddit; Espejo, Raul; Aivaliotis, Sandy; Stelmak, Ron; Mohr, Ron; Barba, Cristian; Gonzalez, Guillermo; Malkin, Stuart; Dimitrova, Vessela; Ragsdale, Gary; Mitchem, Sean; Jeirath, Nakul; Loomis, Joe; Trevino, Gerardo; Syracuse, Steve; Hurst, Neil; Mereness, Matt; Johnson, Chad; Bivens, Carrie
2013-05-04T23:59:59.000Z
Electric transmission lines are the lifeline of the electric utility industry, delivering its product from source to consumer. This critical infrastructure is often constrained such that there is inadequate capacity on existing transmission lines to efficiently deliver the power to meet demand in certain areas or to transport energy from high-generation areas to high-consumption regions. When this happens, the cost of the energy rises; more costly sources of power are used to meet the demand or the system operates less reliably. These economic impacts are known as congestion, and they can amount to substantial dollars for any time frame of reference: hour, day or year. There are several solutions to the transmission constraint problem, including: construction of new generation, construction of new transmission facilities, rebuilding and reconductoring of existing transmission assets, and Dynamic Line Rating (DLR). All of these options except DLR are capital intensive, have long lead times and often experience strong public and regulatory opposition. The Smart Grid Demonstration Program (SGDP) project co-funded by the Department of Energy (DOE) and Oncor Electric Delivery Company developed and deployed the most extensive and advanced DLR installation to demonstrate that DLR technology is capable of resolving many transmission capacity constraint problems with a system that is reliable, safe and very cost competitive. The SGDP DLR deployment is the first application of DLR technology to feed transmission line real-time dynamic ratings directly into the system operation’s State Estimator and load dispatch program, which optimizes the matching of generation with load demand on a security, reliability and economic basis. The integrated Dynamic Line Rating (iDLR)1 collects transmission line parameters at remote locations on the lines, calculates the real-time line rating based on the equivalent conductor temperature, ambient temperature and influence of wind and solar radiation on the stringing section, transmits the data to the Transmission Energy Management System, validates its integrity and passes it on to Oncor and ERCOT (Electric Reliability Council of Texas) respective system operations. The iDLR system is automatic and transparent to ERCOT System Operations, i.e., it operates in parallel with all other system status telemetry collected through Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) employed across the company.
Optimal Power Management for a Hydraulic Hybrid Delivery Truck
Peng, Huei
Optimal Power Management for a Hydraulic Hybrid Delivery Truck BIN WU, CHAN-CHIAO LIN, ZORAN FILIPI control strategies. This paper presents a methodology for developing a power management strategy tailored specifically to a parallel Hydraulic Hybrid Vehicle (HHV) configured for a medium-size delivery truck
Distributed Power Delivery for Energy Efficient and Low Power Systems
Friedman, Eby G.
Distributed Power Delivery for Energy Efficient and Low Power Systems Selc¸uk K¨ose Department throughout a power distribution system. Due to the parasitic impedances of the power distribution networks current to the load circuits [3]. The complexity of the high performance power delivery systems has
A PRIORITY-BASED ADAPTIVE SCHEME FOR WIRELESS MULTIMEDIA DELIVERY
A PRIORITY-BASED ADAPTIVE SCHEME FOR WIRELESS MULTIMEDIA DELIVERY Edward Casey and Gabriel, Dublin 9, Ireland Email: {caseye, munteang}@eeng.dcu.ie ABSTRACT In wireless multimedia streaming proposes a priority-based wireless adaptive multimedia delivery scheme that enables client prioritisation
Nanoparticle drug delivery enhances the cytotoxicity of hydrophobichydrophilic drug conjugates
Zhang, Liangfang
Nanoparticle drug delivery enhances the cytotoxicity of hydrophobichydrophilic drug conjugates, Accepted 4th October 2011 DOI: 10.1039/c1jm13834k We report a drug conjugation approach to concurrently load both hydrophobic and hydrophilic drugs into the same drug delivery nanocarrier in a precisely
Inexpensive delivery of compressed hydrogen with advanced vessel technology
of flexible refueling (compressed/cryogenic H2/(L)H2) #12;The PVT properties of H2 drive storage and delivery) Explore station demand from 70 kg H2/day to 1000 kg H2/day · Real hydrogen thermodynamic and PVT diagram and vessel characteristics to minimize delivery cost · Hydrogen and material properties Increased
Health Advisor An Online Game for Managing Healthcare Delivery
Li, Mo
Health Advisor An Online Game for Managing Healthcare Delivery Tennenbaum Institute Georgia, valuable change. Health Advisor The Tennenbaum Institute is developing, with partial support from IBM, an online game for managing healthcare delivery Health Advisor. Each player manages a set of clients
Probing the Goldstone equivalence theorem in Heavy Weak Doublet Decays
Dutta, Bhaskar; Sanford, David; Walker, Joel W
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper investigates the decays from heavy higgsino-like weak-doublets into Z, h bosons and missing particles. When pair-produced at the LHC, the subsequent Z, h to 2l, 2b decays in the doublet decay cascade can yield 4l, 2l 2b, and 4b + MET + jets final states. Mutual observation of any two of these channels would provide information on the the associated doublets' decay branching fractions into a Z or h, thereby probing the Goldstone equivalence relation, shedding additional light on the Higgs sector of beyond the Standard Model theories, and facilitating the discrimination of various contending models, in turn. We compare the Z/h decay ratio expected in the Minimal Supersymmetric model, the Next-to Minimal Supersymmetric model and a minimal singlet-doublet dark matter model. Additionally, we conduct a full Monte Carlo analysis of the prospects for detecting the targeted final states during 14 TeV running of the LHC in the context of a representative NMSSM benchmark model.
Optical Anisotropy of Schwarzschild Metric within Equivalent Medium Framework
Sina Khorasani; Bizhan Rashidian
2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z
It is has been long known that the curved space in the presence of gravitation can be described as a non-homogeneous anisotropic medium in flat geometry with different constitutive equations. In this article, we show that the eigenpolarizations of such medium can be exactly solved, leading to a pseudo-isotropic description of curved vacuum with two refractive index eigenvalues having opposite signs, which correspond to forward and backward travel in time. We conclude that for a rotating universe, time-reversal symmetry is broken. We also demonstrate the applicability of this method to Schwarzschild metric and derive exact forms of refractive index. We derive the subtle optical anisotropy of space around a spherically symmetric, non-rotating and uncharged blackhole in the form of an elegant closed form expression, and show that the refractive index in such a pseudo-isotropic system would be a function of coordinates as well as the direction of propagation. Corrections arising from such anisotropy in the bending of light are shown and a simplified system of equations for ray-tracing in the equivalent medium of Schwarzschild metric is found.
On the Equivalence Principle and Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies
Maciej Trzetrzelewski
2015-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
Consider an observer surrounded by a charged, conducting elevator (assume that the charge is isolated from the observer). In the presence of the external electric field the elevator will accelerate however, due to the screening effect, the observer will not be able to detect any electromagnetic field. According to the equivalence principle, the observer may identify the cause of the acceleration with the external gravitational field. However the elevator's motion is given by Lorentz-force equation. Therefore there should exist a metric, depending on electromagnetic potential, for which the geodesics coincide with the trajectories of the charged body in the electromagnetic field. We give a solution to this problem by finding such metric. In doing so one must impose a constraint on the electromagnetic field in a certain way. That constraint turns out to be achievable by marginal gauge transformations whose phase is closely related to the Hamilton-Jacobi function. Finally we show that for weak fields the Einstein-Hilbert action for the proposed metric results in the Stueckelberg massive electrodynamics. For strong fields (e.g. at small scales) the correspondence is broken by a term that at the same time makes the theory non-renormalizable. We conjecture the existence of a quantum theory whose effective action reproduces the non-renormalizable term and hence the Einstein-Hilbert action.
Experimental strategies for investigating passive and ultrasound-enhanced transdermal drug delivery
Seto, Jennifer Elizabeth
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Transdermal drug delivery offers many advantages over traditional drug delivery methods. However, the natural resistance of the skin to drug permeation represents a major challenge that transdermal drug delivery needs to ...
Optical diagnostics integrated with laser spark delivery system
Yalin, Azer (Fort Collins, CO); Willson, Bryan (Fort Collins, CO); Defoort, Morgan (Fort Collins, CO); Joshi, Sachin (Fort Collins, CO); Reynolds, Adam (Fort Collins, CO)
2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z
A spark delivery system for generating a spark using a laser beam is provided, and includes a laser light source and a laser delivery assembly. The laser delivery assembly includes a hollow fiber and a launch assembly comprising launch focusing optics to input the laser beam in the hollow fiber. The laser delivery assembly further includes exit focusing optics that demagnify an exit beam of laser light from the hollow fiber, thereby increasing the intensity of the laser beam and creating a spark. Other embodiments use a fiber laser to generate a spark. Embodiments of the present invention may be used to create a spark in an engine. Yet other embodiments include collecting light from the spark or a flame resulting from the spark and conveying the light for diagnostics. Methods of using the spark delivery systems and diagnostic systems are provided.
Tonse, Shaheen R.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
strongly affected by fuel equivalence ratio, (j>. We compareextremely sensitive to equivalence ratio. For cases w i t hacross a broad range of equivalence ratios. The model also
Toward new solid and liquid phase systems for the containment, transport and delivery of hydrogen
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Toward new solid and liquid phase systems for the containment, transport and delivery of hydrogen.Solid and liquid hydrogen carriers for use in hydrogen storage and delivery.
On the Equivalence of Linear Programming Problems and Zero-Sum ...
Ilan Adler
2010-06-18T23:59:59.000Z
Jun 18, 2010 ... Abstract: In 1951, Dantzig showed the equivalence of linear programming and two-person zero-sum games. However, in the description of his ...
Dosimetric equivalence of nonstandard HDR brachytherapy catheter patterns
Cunha, J. A. M.; Hsu, I-C.; Pouliot, J. [University of California, San Francisco, California 94115 (United States)
2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: To determine whether alternative high dose rate prostate brachytherapy catheter patterns can result in similar or improved dose distributions while providing better access and reducing trauma. Materials and Methods: Standard prostate cancer high dose rate brachytherapy uses a regular grid of parallel needle positions to guide the catheter insertion. This geometry does not easily allow the physician to avoid piercing the critical structures near the penile bulb nor does it provide position flexibility in the case of pubic arch interference. This study used CT datasets with 3 mm slice spacing from ten previously treated patients and digitized new catheters following three hypothetical catheter patterns: conical, bi-conical, and fireworks. The conical patterns were used to accommodate a robotic delivery using a single entry point. The bi-conical and fireworks patterns were specifically designed to avoid the critical structures near the penile bulb. For each catheter distribution, a plan was optimized with the inverse planning algorithm, IPSA, and compared with the plan used for treatment. Irrelevant of catheter geometry, a plan must fulfill the RTOG-0321 dose criteria for target dose coverage (V{sub 100}{sup Prostate}>90%) and organ-at-risk dose sparing (V{sub 75}{sup Bladder}<1 cc, V{sub 75}{sup Rectum}<1 cc, V{sub 125}{sup Urethra}<<1 cc). Results: The three nonstandard catheter patterns used 16 nonparallel, straight divergent catheters, with entry points in the perineum. Thirty plans from ten patients with prostate sizes ranging from 26 to 89 cc were optimized. All nonstandard patterns fulfilled the RTOG criteria when the clinical plan did. In some cases, the dose distribution was improved by better sparing the organs-at-risk. Conclusion: Alternative catheter patterns can provide the physician with additional ways to treat patients previously considered unsuited for brachytherapy treatment (pubic arch interference) and facilitate robotic guidance of catheter insertion. In addition, alternative catheter patterns may decrease toxicity by avoidance of the critical structures near the penile bulb while still fulfilling the RTOG criteria.
Electro-osmotically driven liquid delivery method and apparatus
Rakestraw, D.J.; Anex, D.S.; Yan, C.; Dadoo, R.; Zare, R.N.
1999-08-24T23:59:59.000Z
Method and apparatus are disclosed for controlling precisely the composition and delivery of liquid at sub-{micro}L/min flow rate. One embodiment of such a delivery system is an electro-osmotically driven gradient flow delivery system that generates dynamic gradient flows with sub-{micro}L/min flow rates by merging a plurality of electro-osmotic flows. These flows are delivered by a plurality of delivery arms attached to a mixing connector, where they mix and then flow into a receiving means, preferably a column. Each inlet of the plurality of delivery arms is placed in a corresponding solution reservoir. A plurality of independent programmable high-voltage power supplies is used to apply a voltage program to each of the plurality of solution reservoirs to regulate the electro-osmotic flow in each delivery arm. The electro-osmotic flow rates in the delivery arms are changed with time according to each voltage program to deliver the required gradient profile to the column. 4 figs.
Electro-osmotically driven liquid delivery method and apparatus
Rakestraw, David J. (Fremont, CA); Anex, Deon S. (Livermore, CA); Yan, Chao (Pleasanton, CA); Dadoo, Rajeev (Stanford, CA); Zare, Richard N. (Stanford, CA)
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Method and apparatus for controlling precisely the composition and delivery of liquid at sub-.mu.L/min flow rate. One embodiment of such a delivery system is an electro-osmotically driven gradient flow delivery system that generates dynamic gradient flows with sub-.mu.L/min flow rates by merging a plurality of electro-osmotic flows. These flows are delivered by a plurality of delivery arms attached to a mixing connector, where they mix and then flow into a receiving means, preferably a column. Each inlet of the plurality of delivery arms is placed in a corresponding solution reservoir. A plurality of independent programmable high-voltage power supplies is used to apply a voltage program to each of the plurality of solution reservoirs to regulate the electro-osmotic flow in each delivery arm. The electro-osmotic flow rates in the delivery arms are changed with time according to each voltage program to deliver the required gradient profile to the column.
The Eective Theory of Borel Equivalence Relations Joint work with Katia Fokina and Asger Törnquist s}, s : n for some nite n If E and F are Borel equivalence relations on the reals then E is Borel and transitive E B F i E B F and F B E (equivalence relation) [E]B = the equivalence class of E under B Object
Equivalent Static Wind Loads on Buildings: New Model Xinzhong Chen1
Chen, Xinzhong
Equivalent Static Wind Loads on Buildings: New Model Xinzhong Chen1 and Ahsan Kareem2 Abstract: In current design practice, spatiotemporally varying wind loads on buildings are modeled as equivalent static static wind load for any given peak response of buildings with uncoupled responses in the three primary
Fluid Delivery System For Capillary Electrophoretic Applications.
Li, Qingbo (State College, PA); Liu, Changsheng (State College, PA); Kane, Thomas E. (State College, PA); Kernan, John R. (Loganton, PA); Sonnenschein, Bernard (Brooklyn, NY); Sharer, Michael V. (Tyrone, PA)
2002-04-23T23:59:59.000Z
An automated electrophoretic system is disclosed. The system employs a capillary cartridge having a plurality of capillary tubes. The cartridge has a first array of capillary ends projecting from one side of a plate. The first array of capillary ends are spaced apart in substantially the same manner as the wells of a microtitre tray of standard size. This allows one to simultaneously perform capillary electrophoresis on samples present in each of the wells of the tray. The system includes a stacked, dual carrousel arrangement to eliminate cross-contamination resulting from reuse of the same buffer tray on consecutive executions from electrophoresis. The system also has a gel delivery module containing a gel syringe/a stepper motor or a high pressure chamber with a pump to quickly and uniformly deliver gel through the capillary tubes. The system further includes a multi-wavelength beam generator to generate a laser beam which produces a beam with a wide range of wavelengths. An off-line capillary reconditioner thoroughly cleans a capillary cartridge to enable simultaneous execution of electrophoresis with another capillary cartridge. The streamlined nature of the off-line capillary reconditioner offers the advantage of increased system throughput with a minimal increase in system cost.
Advances in Lymphatic Imaging and Drug Delivery
Nune, Satish K.; Gunda, Padmaja; Majeti, Bharat K.; Thallapally, Praveen K.; Laird, Forrest M.
2011-09-10T23:59:59.000Z
Cancer remains the second leading cause of death after heart disease in the US. While metastasized cancers such as breast, prostate, and colon are incurable, before their distant spread, these diseases will have invaded the lymphatic system as a first step in their progression. Hence, proper evaluation of the disease state of the lymphatics which drain a tumor site is crucial to staging and the formation of a treatment plan. Current lymphatic imaging modalities with visible dyes and radionucleotide tracers offer limited sensitivity and poor resolution; however, newer tools using nanocarriers, quantum dots, and magnetic resonance imaging promise to vastly improve the staging of lymphatic spread without needless biopsies. Concurrent with the improvement of lymphatic imaging agents, has been the development of drug carriers that can localize chemotherapy to the lymphatic system, thus improving the treatment of localized disease while minimizing the exposure of healthy organs to cytotoxic drugs. This review will focus on polymeric systems that have been developed for imaging and drug delivery to the lymph system, how these new devices improve upon current technologies, and where further improvement is needed.
Water delivery in the Early Solar System
Dvorak, Rudolf; Süli, Áron; Sándor, Zsolt; Galiazzo, Mattia; Pilat-Lohinger, Elke
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
As part of the national scientific network 'Pathways to Habitable Worlds' the delivery of water onto terrestrial planets is a key question since water is essential for the development of life as we know it. After summarizing the state of the art we show some first results of the transport of water in the early Solar System for scattered main belt objects. Hereby we investigate the questions whether planetesimals and planetesimal fragments which have gained considerable inclination due to the strong dynamical interactions in the main belt region around 2 AU can be efficient water transporting vessels. The Hungaria asteroid group is the best example that such scenarios are realistic. Assuming that the gas giants and the terrestrial planets are already formed, we monitor the collisions of scattered small bodies containing water (in the order of a few percent) with the terrestrial planets. Thus we are able to give a first estimate concerning the respective contribution of such bodies to the actual water content i...
DOE Hydrogen Delivery High-Pressure Tanks and Analysis Project...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
the DOE Hydrogen Delivery High-Pressure Tanks and Analysis Project Review Meeting at Argonne National Laboratory. The purpose of the meeting was to review the progress and plans...
Noninvasive quantification of drug delivery from an implantable MEMS device
Johnson, Audrey M., 1976-
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
(cont.) sensors in vivo in real time and corroborated by scintillation of urine samples. The goal of monitoring drug delivery from an implant in vivo, in real time and without disturbing the tissue environment, was ...
Photoswitchable Nanoparticles for Triggered Tissue Penetration and Drug Delivery
Tong, Rong
We report a novel nanoparticulate drug delivery system that undergoes reversible volume change from 150 to 40 nm upon phototriggering with UV light. The volume change of these monodisperse nanoparticles comprising spiropyran, ...
Delivery optimization for a make to order custom wire mill
Slivinskiy, Andrey L
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the face of growing competition in the Tantalum business, H.C.Starck's management is minimizing the delivery time for custom-made capacitor-grade tantalum wire products. H.C. Starck, Inc., Newton, Massachusetts faces ...
Amphiphilic linear-dendritic block copolymers for drug delivery
Nguyen, Phuong, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Polymeric drug delivery systems have been widely used in the pharmaceutical industry. Such systems can solubilize and sequester hydrophobic drugs from degradation, thereby increasing circulation half-life and efficacy. ...
A resorbable polymeric microreservoir device for controlled release drug delivery
Grayson, Amy Catherine Richards, 1975-
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The method by which a drug is delivered can have a significant effect on the drug's therapeutic efficacy. Pulsatile delivery of certain drugs and molecules (such as hormones) has been shown to more efficacious than continuous ...
Scalable Analysis, Verification and Design of IC Power Delivery
Zeng, Zhiyu
2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
Due to recent aggressive process scaling into the nanometer regime, power delivery network design faces many challenges that set more stringent and specific requirements to the EDA tools. For example, from the perspective of analysis, simulation...
Microcapsule drug delivery device for treatment of glioblastoma multiforme
Scott, Alexander Wesley
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Controlled-release drug delivery systems are capable of treating debilitating diseases, including cancer. Brain cancer, in particular glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), is an extremely invasive cancer with a dismal prognosis. ...
Progress toward a Colon Targeting Nanoparticle Based Drug Delivery System
Yu, Xiao
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
Hydrophobic drug paclitaxel nanoparticles (PAX NPs) and pH sensitive hydrogels were prepared in this study to build a colon targeting nanoparticle based drug delivery system for oral administration. Negative charged PAX ...
Joint Architecture Standard (JAS) Reliable Data Delivery Protocol (RDDP) specification.
Enderle, Justin Wayne; Daniels, James W.; Gardner, Michael T.; Eldridge, John M.; Hunt, Richard D.; Gallegos, Daniel E.
2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Joint Architecture Standard (JAS) program at Sandia National Laboratories requires the use of a reliable data delivery protocol over SpaceWire. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration at the Goddard Spaceflight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, developed and specified a reliable protocol for its Geostationary Operational Environment Satellite known as GOES-R Reliable Data Delivery Protocol (GRDDP). The JAS program implemented and tested GRDDP and then suggested a number of modifications to the original specification to meet its program specific requirements. This document details the full RDDP specification as modified for JAS. The JAS Reliable Data Delivery Protocol uses the lower-level SpaceWire data link layer to provide reliable packet delivery services to one or more higher-level host application processes. This document specifies the functional requirements for JRDDP but does not specify the interfaces to the lower- or higher-level processes, which may be implementation-dependent.
Design of an underwater vertical glider for subsea equipment delivery
Ambler, Charles Kirby
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Delivery of subsea equipment and sensors is generally accomplished with unguided sinking platforms or powered autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs). An alternative would be to augment existing platforms with navigation and ...
Polyelectrolyte multilayer growth factor delivery : mediating tissue/device interactions
Macdonald, Mara Lee
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis focuses on the use of ultrathin therapeutic protein delivery films to control host tissue/medical device implant interactions, thereby reducing complications that lead to implant failure. The Layer by Layer ...
Vacancy Announcements Posted for Hydrogen Production and Delivery Program
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Fuel Cell Technologies Office has posted two vacancy announcements for a position to serve as Program Manager for the Hydrogen Production and Delivery Program in the DOE EERE Fuel Cell Technologies Office. The closing date is October 28, 2014.
Scalable Analysis, Verification and Design of IC Power Delivery
Zeng, Zhiyu
2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
the design requirements. Good power delivery network designs not only have to save the wiring resources for signal routing, but also need to have the optimal parameters assigned to various system components such as decaps, voltage regulators and converters...
Intelligent Matchmaking for Polar Ice Sheet Data Collection and Delivery
Kansas, University of
for the dynamic configuration of sensors and the motion of the rovers that carry them. The PRISM intelligent intelligent sensor and roveIntelligent Matchmaking for Polar Ice Sheet Data Collection and Delivery Costas Tsatsoulis, Sudha
Vectren Energy Delivery of Ohio (Gas)- Energy Star Home Rebate
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Vectren Energy Delivery of Ohio offers a flat rebate to builders of residential single-family Energy Star certified homes that receive gas service from the company. In order to qualify, homes must...
DOE to Defer Strategic Petroleum Reserve RIK Deliveries | Department...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
it will defer approximately 2.1 million barrels of royalty-in-kind (RIK) exchange crude oil that had been scheduled for delivery to the nation's Strategic Petroleum Reserve...
A fully implantable intracochlear drug delivery device : development and characterization
Swan, Erin Eileen Leary, 1976-
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In a collaborative effort with the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Draper Laboratory is developing an implantable microfluidic drug delivery system for long-term treatment of inner ear disorders and prevention of ...
Designing nanoparticles for highly efficient endothelial siRNA delivery
Dahlman, James E
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
RNA potently regulates gene expression. However, the utility of RNA has been limited by the ability to efficiently deliver it to specific cells in vivo. In vivo RNA delivery is challenging; vehicles must avoid phagocytosis ...
Product & customer profiling for Direct Store Delivery (DSD)
Chen, Liang, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis is to analyze the suitability of different products, suppliers and customers for Direct Store Delivery (DSD) model with respect to the qualitative profile and the quantitative benefits. During the research, ...
Toward a drug delivery coating for intraocular lenses
Smith, Renée Chivon
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Layer-by-layer assembly has become a quintessential tool for the creation of versatile, dynamic nanostructured materials able to dictate cellular behavior through exquisite surface functionality and delivery of bioactive ...
Vehicle Technologies Office - AVTA: All Electric Delivery Trucks...
of reports (part of the medium and heavy-duty truck data) describes data collected from Smith Newton all-electric delivery trucks in a variety of fleets. This research was...
Tripathi, Markandey M.; Krishnan, Sundar R.; Srinivasan, Kalyan K.; Yueh, Fang-Yu; Singh, Jagdish P.
2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Chemiluminescence emissions from OH*, CH*, C2, and CO2 formed within the reaction zone of premixed flames depend upon the fuel-air equivalence ratio in the burning mixture. In the present paper, a new partial least square regression (PLS-R) based multivariate sensing methodology is investigated and compared with an OH*/CH* intensity ratio-based calibration model for sensing equivalence ratio in atmospheric methane-air premixed flames. Five replications of spectral data at nine different equivalence ratios ranging from 0.73 to 1.48 were used in the calibration of both models. During model development, the PLS-R model was initially validated with the calibration data set using the leave-one-out cross validation technique. Since the PLS-R model used the entire raw spectral intensities, it did not need the nonlinear background subtraction of CO2 emission that is required for typical OH*/CH* intensity ratio calibrations. An unbiased spectral data set (not used in the PLS-R model development), for 28 different equivalence ratio conditions ranging from 0.71 to 1.67, was used to predict equivalence ratios using the PLS-R and the intensity ratio calibration models. It was found that the equivalence ratios predicted with the PLS-R based multivariate calibration model matched the experimentally measured equivalence ratios within 7%; whereas, the OH*/CH* intensity ratio calibration grossly underpredicted equivalence ratios in comparison to measured equivalence ratios, especially under rich conditions ( > 1.2). The practical implications of the chemiluminescence-based multivariate equivalence ratio sensing methodology are also discussed.
Computer controlled feed delivery system for feed trucks
Holt, Gregory Alan
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
COMPUTER CONTROLLED FEED DELIVERY SYSTEM FOR FEED TRUCKS A Thesis by GREGORY ALAN HOLT Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ABM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August... 1989 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering COMPIJIER CONTROLLED FEED DELIVERY SYSTEM FOR FEED TRUCKS A Thesis by GREGORY ALAN HOLT Approved as to style and content by: Calvin B. Parnell (Chair of Committee) ayne LePori (Member) Charlie G...
Delivery system for molten salt oxidation of solid waste
Brummond, William A. (Livermore, CA); Squire, Dwight V. (Livermore, CA); Robinson, Jeffrey A. (Manteca, CA); House, Palmer A. (Walnut Creek, CA)
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The present invention is a delivery system for safety injecting solid waste particles, including mixed wastes, into a molten salt bath for destruction by the process of molten salt oxidation. The delivery system includes a feeder system and an injector that allow the solid waste stream to be accurately metered, evenly dispersed in the oxidant gas, and maintained at a temperature below incineration temperature while entering the molten salt reactor.
Hydraulic Hybrid Parcel Delivery Truck Deployment, Testing & Demonstration
Gallo, Jean-Baptiste
2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z
Although hydraulic hybrid systems have shown promise over the last few years, commercial deployment of these systems has primarily been limited to Class 8 refuse trucks. In 2005, the Hybrid Truck Users Forum initiated the Parcel Delivery Working Group including the largest parcel delivery fleets in North America. The goal of the working group was to evaluate and accelerate commercialization of hydraulic hybrid technology for parcel delivery vehicles. FedEx Ground, Purolator and United Parcel Service (UPS) took delivery of the world’s first commercially available hydraulic hybrid parcel delivery trucks in early 2012. The vehicle chassis includes a Parker Hannifin hydraulic hybrid drive system, integrated and assembled by Freightliner Custom Chassis Corp., with a body installed by Morgan Olson. With funding from the U.S. Department of Energy, CALSTART and its project partners assessed the performance, reliability, maintainability and fleet acceptance of three pre-production Class 6 hydraulic hybrid parcel delivery vehicles using information and data from in-use data collection and on-road testing. This document reports on the deployment of these vehicles operated by FedEx Ground, Purolator and UPS. The results presented provide a comprehensive overview of the performance of commercial hydraulic hybrid vehicles in parcel delivery applications. This project also informs fleets and manufacturers on the overall performance of hydraulic hybrid vehicles, provides insights on how the technology can be both improved and more effectively used. The key findings and recommendations of this project fall into four major categories: ? Performance, ? Fleet deployment, ? Maintenance, ? Business case. Hydraulic hybrid technology is relatively new to the market, as commercial vehicles have been introduced only in the past few years in refuse and parcel delivery applications. Successful demonstration could pave the way for additional purchases of hydraulic hybrid vehicles throughout the trucking industry. By providing unbiased, third-party assessment of this “hybrid without batteries” technology, this report offers relevant, timely and valuable information to the industry.
Managing Faults in the Service Delivery Process of Service Provider Coalitions Patricia Marcu
processes of ITSM are critical for successful delivery as stressed by the IT Infrastructure Library (ITIL
Liguid and Solid Carriers Group- Strategic Directions for Hydrogen Delivery Workshop
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Targets, barriers and research and development priorities for solid and liquid hydrogen storage and delivery materials.
Technoeconomic Analysis of Biomethane Production from Biogas and Pipeline Delivery (Presentation)
Jalalzadeh-Azar, A.
2010-10-18T23:59:59.000Z
This presentation summarizes "A Technoeconomic Analysis of Biomethane Production from Biogas and Pipeline Delivery".
Kulkarni, Aditi; Rybkowski, Zofia K.; Smith, James
2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z
-at-Risk (CMR) and Competitive Sealed Proposal (CSP) were compared. METHODOLOGY: The study compared cost performance and reducible change orders of 17 CMR and 13 CSP projects by the same owner. FINDINGS: The overall cost performance is more reliable for CMR... of collaborative project delivery methods. It is also likely that the results will encourage acceptance of IPD for public projects. KEYWORDS Collaboration, Project Delivery, CM-at-Risk (CMR; CMAR), Competitive Sealed Proposal (CSP), Integrated Project...
Tahmasebi Birgani, Mohamad J. [Department of Radiation Therapy, Golestan Hospital, JondiShapour University of Medical Science, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Medical Physics, JondiShapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Chegeni, Nahid, E-mail: nchegen@yahoo.com [Department of Medical Physics, JondiShapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zabihzadeh, Mansoor; Hamzian, Nima [Department of Medical Physics, JondiShapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Equivalent field is frequently used for central axis depth-dose calculations of rectangular- and irregular-shaped photon beams. As most of the proposed models to calculate the equivalent square field are dosimetry based, a simple physical-based method to calculate the equivalent square field size was used as the basis of this study. The table of the sides of the equivalent square or rectangular fields was constructed and then compared with the well-known tables by BJR and Venselaar, et al. with the average relative error percentage of 2.5 ± 2.5% and 1.5 ± 1.5%, respectively. To evaluate the accuracy of this method, the percentage depth doses (PDDs) were measured for some special irregular symmetric and asymmetric treatment fields and their equivalent squares for Siemens Primus Plus linear accelerator for both energies, 6 and 18 MV. The mean relative differences of PDDs measurement for these fields and their equivalent square was approximately 1% or less. As a result, this method can be employed to calculate equivalent field not only for rectangular fields but also for any irregular symmetric or asymmetric field.
Method for detecting water equivalent of snow using secondary cosmic gamma radiation
Condreva, K.J.
1997-01-14T23:59:59.000Z
Water equivalent of accumulated snow determination by measurement of secondary background cosmic radiation attenuation by the snowpack. By measuring the attenuation of 3-10 MeV secondary gamma radiation it is possible to determine the water equivalent of snowpack. The apparatus is designed to operate remotely to determine the water equivalent of snow in areas which are difficult or hazardous to access during winter, accumulate the data as a function of time and transmit, by means of an associated telemetry system, the accumulated data back to a central data collection point for analysis. The electronic circuitry is designed so that a battery pack can be used to supply power. 4 figs.
Method for detecting water equivalent of snow using secondary cosmic gamma radiation
Condreva, Kenneth J. (1420 Fifth St., Livermore, Alameda County, CA 94550)
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Water equivalent of accumulated snow determination by measurement of secondary background cosmic radiation attenuation by the snowpack. By measuring the attentuation of 3-10 MeV secondary gamma radiation it is possible to determine the water equivalent of snowpack. The apparatus is designed to operate remotely to determine the water equivalent of snow in areas which are difficult or hazardous to access during winter, accumulate the data as a function of time and transmit, by means of an associated telemetry system, the accumulated data back to a central data collection point for analysis. The electronic circuitry is designed so that a battery pack can be used to supply power.
Olszewski Jr., Edward A.
Department of Physics & Physical Oceanography Faculty Report on Credit-Hour Equivalent (CHE and Physical Oceanography can report activities beyond their normal teaching loads. This form will be used
Vinylboranes as trans-dihydroxyethylene equivalents in Diels-Alder reactions
Redman, Aniko Maria
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Novel vinylborane-based trans-dihydroxyethylene equivalents were developed for the synthesis of trans-cyclohexenediol derivatives. The synthetic utility of the new dienophiles was demonstrated by their Diels-Alder reaction ...
Calculation of extremity neutron fluence-to-dose equivalent conversion factors
Wood-Zika, Annmarie Ruth
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Neutron fluence-to-dose equivalent conversion factors are calculated for three types of finger and wrist extremity phantoms: (1) the polymethyl methacrylate models specified by the U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Accreditation Program...
Testing the test: an examination of the Freshman English Equivalency Exam
Ashe, Diana Lynne
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This study evaluates the validity, reliability, fairness, and effects of the Freshman English Equivalency Exam at Texas A&M University after one year of use. Consistency of scores across test administrations, raters, and social groups is examined...
An Equivalent Network for Load-Flow Analysis of Power Systems
Johnson, Merion Luke
1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
AN EQUIVALENT NETWORK FOR LOAD-FLOW ANALYSIS OF POWER SYSTEMS A Thesis by Meri on L. Johnson Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partihl fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...
Kim, Sang-Gook
An analytical Mason equivalent circuit is derived for a circular, clamped plate piezoelectric micromachined ultrasonic transducer (pMUT) design in 31 mode, considering an arbitrary electrode configuration at any axisymmetric ...
Design of oversampling current steering DAC with 640MHz equivalent clock frequency
Choi, Yunyoung
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
DESIGN OF OVERSAMPLING CURRENT STEERING DAC WITH 640MHZ EQUIVALENT CLOCK FREQUENCY A Thesis by YUNYOUNG CHOI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2002 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering DESIGN OF OVERSAMPLING CURRENT STEERING DAC WITH 640MHZ EQUIVALENT CLOCK FREQUENCY A Thesis by YUNYOUNG CHOI Submitted to Texas A8rM University in partial fulfillment...
Test of Special Relativity and Equivalence Principle from Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay
H. V. Klapdor--Kleingrothaus; H. Päs; U. Sarkar
1998-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
We generalize the formalism for testing Lorentz invariance and the equivalence principle in the neutrino sector. While neutrino oscillation bounds constrain the region of large mixing of the the weak and gravitational eigenstates, we obtain new constraints on violations of Lorentz invariance and the equivalence principle from neutrinoless double beta decay. These bounds apply even in the case of no mixing and thus probe a totally unconstrained region in the parameter space.
Singman, David
on equivalence relations. Part II. Work on the following problems at the board so that Robert and I can comeRy provided xy = -1 or xy = 1. (a) Write a formal proof that R is an equivalence relation on A. (b) Find each of the equivalence classes 1/R, -1/R, i/R, and -i/R. (c) How many different equivalence classes are there? Is every
Pulsatile Drug Delivery System Based on Electrohydrodynamic Method
Zheng, Yi; Hu, Junqiang; Gao, Wenle
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Electrohydrodynamic (EHD) generation, a commonly used method in BioMEMS, plays a significant role in the pulsatile drug delivery system for a decade. In this paper, an EHD based drug delivery system is well designed, which can be used to generate a single drug droplet as small as 2.83 nL in 8.5 ms with a total device of 2\\times2\\times3 mm^3, and an external supplied voltage of 1500 V. Theoretically, we derive the expressions for the size and the formation time of a droplet generated by EHD method, while taking into account the drug supply rate, properties of liquid, gap between two electrodes, nozzle size, and charged droplet neutralization. This work proves a repeatable, stable and controllable droplet generation and delivery system based on EHD method experimentally as well as theoretically.
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
equivalence and equation solvability problems for groups Gábor Horváth1 and Csaba Szabó2 1 Institute. We prove that the extended equivalence problem is solvable in polynomial time for finite nilpotent, extended equation solvability, extended equivalence, groups 1 Introduction The algorithmic aspects
ccsd-00001492,version1-27Apr2004 THE CORANK IS INVARIANT UNDER BLOW-NASH EQUIVALENCE
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
ccsd-00001492,version1-27Apr2004 THE CORANK IS INVARIANT UNDER BLOW-NASH EQUIVALENCE GOULWEN FICHOU-analytic equivalence between real analytic function germs? We give a partial positive answer in the particular case of the blow-Nash equivalence. The proof is based on the computation of some virtual Poincar´e polynomials
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Dual energy CT-based characterization of x-ray attenuation properties of breast equivalent material of the same nominal breast density equivalence (+ 1.5 HU). In addition, dual energy CT provided mono equivalent material, breast density, attenuation properties, linear attenuation coefficients, dual energy CT
U.S. Natural Gas Interstate Deliveries (Million Cubic Feet)
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production (Million Barrels)(MillionofFoot) YearDecadeDeliveriesDeliveries
Statement of Patricia Hoffman, Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334DepartmentCivilianAffairs,Site TransitionDepartmentKatrinaDelivery andDelivery and Energyand
Statement of Patricia Hoffman, Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334DepartmentCivilianAffairs,Site TransitionDepartmentKatrinaDelivery andDelivery and
Statement of Patricia Hoffman, Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334DepartmentCivilianAffairs,Site TransitionDepartmentKatrinaDelivery andDelivery andand Energy
Statement of Patricia Hoffman, Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334DepartmentCivilianAffairs,Site TransitionDepartmentKatrinaDelivery andDelivery andand
Statement of Patricia Hoffman, Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334DepartmentCivilianAffairs,Site TransitionDepartmentKatrinaDelivery andDelivery andandand
Statement of Patricia Hoffman, Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334DepartmentCivilianAffairs,Site TransitionDepartmentKatrinaDelivery andDelivery andandandand
Controlling drug delivery across the placenta: A commentary
Audus, Kenneth L.
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Audus, K.L. (1999) Controlling drug delivery across the placenta: A commentary. Eur. J. Pharm. Sci. 8, 161-165. PMID: 10379038. Publisher’s official version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0928-0987(99)00031-7. Open Access version: http... document contains the author’s accepted manuscript. For the publisher’s version, see the link in the header of this document.] Paper citation: Audus, K.L. (1999) Controlling drug delivery across the placenta: A commentary. Eur. J. Pharm. Sci. 8...
Thompson, Chad C.
2007-05-18T23:59:59.000Z
than 400 projects with budgets of over a half billion dollars. It has shifted the capital improvement project delivery from a “multi-departmental” style of delivery to a “project management” style of delivery through the infusion of private consultants...
Development of a Light Actuated Drug Delivery-on-Demand System
Linsley, Chase Schilling
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
polymer scaffolds, Biomaterials, 28 (2007) 1862-1870. [16]for siRNA delivery, Biomaterials, 35 (2014) [47] E. Deu,for protein delivery, Biomaterials, 33 (2012) 9157-9164. [
Delivery of MicroR A-10b with Polylysine Nanoparticles for Inhibition...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Delivery of MicroR A-10b with Polylysine Nanoparticles for Inhibition of Breast Cancer Cell Wound Healing. Delivery of MicroR A-10b with Polylysine Nanoparticles for Inhibition of...
In vivo activation and biocompatibility of a MEMS microreservoir drug delivery device
Shawgo, Rebecca Scheidt, 1976-
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Temporal and spatial control over the delivery of therapeutic compounds is an important, fertile, and rapidly advancing field of study in medicine. This work describes the advancement of a new technology of drug delivery ...
Delivery of proteins in live cells with viral peptides: principles and mechanisms
Lee, Ya-Jung
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) mediate the delivery of macromolecules across the plasma membrane of live cells. These peptides are therefore important due to the potential of making the delivery of protein probes or therapeutics a routine...
Cell squeezing : a vector-free microfluidic platform for intracellular delivery of macromolecules
Sharei, Armon R. (Armon Reza)
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Intracellular delivery of material is a long-standing challenge for both therapeutic and research applications. Existing technologies rely on a variety of mechanisms to facilitate delivery. Vector-based methods, such as ...
A Clean-Slate Architecture for Reliable Data Delivery in Wireless Mesh Networks
Lindemann, Christoph
A Clean-Slate Architecture for Reliable Data Delivery in Wireless Mesh Networks Sherif M. El, Germany Abstract-- In this paper, we introduce a clean-slate architecture for improving the delivery
Wong, Cliff R. (Cliff Richard)
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Assembly of functional nanocomponents offers promising applications in drug delivery to solid tumors and bottom-up synthesis and integration of nanodevices. This thesis presents a novel multistage nanoparticle delivery ...
Lipidoid-Coated Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Efficient DNA and siRNA delivery
Jiang, Shan
The safe, targeted and effective delivery of gene therapeutics remains a significant barrier to their broad clinical application. Here we develop a magnetic nucleic acid delivery system composed of iron oxide nanoparticles ...
Thermo-responsive Layer-by-Layer Assemblies for Nanoparticle-based Drug Delivery
Zhou, Jing
2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z
Layer-by-layer (LbL) capsules, known for their versatility and smart response to environmental stimuli, have attracted great interest in drug delivery applications. However, achieving a desired drug delivery system with ...
Proton Delivery and Removal in [Ni(PR2NR?2)2]2+ Hydrogen...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Delivery and Removal in Ni(PR2NR?2)22+ Hydrogen Production and Oxidation Catalysts. Proton Delivery and Removal in Ni(PR2NR?2)22+ Hydrogen Production and Oxidation...
Apatite-Polymer Composite Particles for Controlled Delivery of BMP-2
Yong, Tseh-Hwan
We have developed a versatile delivery platform comprising a novel composite of two biomaterials with proven track records: apatite and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA). These composites have been tested in the delivery ...
Multiparametric approach for the evaluation of lipid nanoparticles for siRNA delivery
Alabi, Christopher A.
Nanoparticle-mediated siRNA delivery is a complex process that requires transport across numerous extracellular and intracellular barriers. As such, the development of nanoparticles for efficient delivery would benefit ...
Derivation of Accident-Specific Material-at-Risk Equivalency Factors
Jason P. Andrus; Dr. Chad L. Pope
2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
A novel method for calculating material at risk (MAR) dose equivalency developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) now allows for increased utilization of dose equivalency for facility MAR control. This method involves near-real time accounting for the use of accident and material specific release and transport. It utilizes all information from the committed effective dose equation and the five factor source term equation to derive dose equivalency factors which can be used to establish an overall facility or process MAR limit. The equivalency factors allow different nuclide spectrums to be compared for their respective dose consequences by relating them to a specific quantity of an identified reference nuclide. The ability to compare spectrums to a reference limit ensures that MAR limits are in fact bounding instead of attempting to establish a representative or bounding spectrum which may lead to unintended or unanalyzed configurations. This methodology is then coupled with a near real time material tracking system which allows for accurate and timely material composition information and corresponding MAR equivalency values. The development of this approach was driven by the complex nature of processing operations in some INL facilities. This type of approach is ideally suited for facilities and processes where the composition of the MAR and possible release mechanisms change frequently but in well defined fashions and in a batch-type nature.
Save & Schedule Reports for Delivery SavePromptsHaveDelivered
Shull, Kenneth R.
Save & Schedule Reports for Delivery Cognos Reporting Job Aid SavePromptsHaveDelivered Last Updated 8/31/2011 mac Â© 2011 Northwestern University FMS113 Saving and Scheduling Reports Page 1 of 7 This job aid documents a process you can follow when you want to save prompts and schedule automatic email
Drug delivery Sustained Drug Release from Non-eroding Nanoporous
Sridhar, Srinivas
Drug delivery Sustained Drug Release from Non-eroding Nanoporous Templates** Evin Gultepe, Dattatri drug, doxorubicin (Dox), from different non-eroding nanopor- ous coatings. Detailed studies of drug phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), which is commonly employed to simulate in vivo conditions for drug release
United Parcel Service Evaluates Hybrid Electric Delivery Vans (Fact Sheet)
Not Available
2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
This fact sheet describes how the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Fleet Test and Evaluation team evaluated the 12-month, in-service performance of six Class 4 hybrid electric delivery vans - fueled by regular diesel - and six comparable conventional diesel vans operated by the United Parcel Service.
Slowing the Flow at Pickering PROGRAMME DELIVERY GROUP MEETING
Slowing the Flow at Pickering PROGRAMME DELIVERY GROUP MEETING The Mill Suite, Memorial Hall the group on construction of debris dams in Cropton East (Pickering Beck catchment). A team of National Park/River Seven TN confirmed that the Seven modelling report including the results of the cross
Integrated nanoplasmonic-nanofluidic biosensors with targeted delivery of analytes
Integrated nanoplasmonic-nanofluidic biosensors with targeted delivery of analytes Ahmet Ali Yanik the effective analyte transport. To overcome this limitation, we propose and demonstrate a nanoplasmonic-nanofluidic layers of microfluidic channels through plasmonic/nanofluidic holes. To implement the proposed sensor
The Sustainable Energy Utility (SEU) Model for Energy Service Delivery
Delaware, University of
95 The Sustainable Energy Utility (SEU) Model for Energy Service Delivery Jason Houck San Francisco to finance, market, and deliver sustainable energy services to energy end-users. This study outlines the concept of a new third-party administrative model, a sustainable energy utility (SEU), with the potential
Cooperative Nanoparticles for Tumor Detection and Photothermally Triggered Drug Delivery
Bhatia, Sangeeta
Cooperative Nanoparticles for Tumor Detection and Photothermally Triggered Drug Delivery By Ji nanoparticles and drug molecules can be co- encapsulated in liposomes to simultaneously perform multiple and luminescent porous silicon nanoparticles to overcome such problems,[5,6] although these more complicated
Functional Delivery of siRNA in Mice Using Dendriworms
Bhatia, Sangeeta
Functional Delivery of siRNA in Mice Using Dendriworms Amit Agrawal, Dal-Hee Min, Neetu Singh, Massachusetts 02115 S mall interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are 21 23 nucleotide double strand nu- cleic acid molecules research groups have used quan- tum dots,16 magnetic17 and gold nanoparticles18,19 as well as carbon nano
Delivery Plan 2008-2012 England's Trees, Woods and Forests
Strategy into action on the ground. The Plan brings together an impressive range of actions, from a wide and forests can help them achieve their aims. The second theme is targeting: of time, energy and resources of more shade in our cities and the production of renewable woodfuel. The Delivery Plan responds
Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Nanomedicine drug delivery system could improve chemotherapy
Pfeifer, Holger
Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Nanomedicine drug delivery system could improve chemotherapy Chemotherapy is still the backbone of today's cancer treatment. This is exemplified by acute myeloid leukemia (AML generation anti-leukemia treatments. The results have been published in the Journal of Advanced Healthcare
Hydrogen Delivery Technologies and Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen
to ignite than a Natural Gas leak. But, lower flame temperatures produce fires that are less damaging than Natural Gas fires. #12;Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 6 Copyright: Design & Operation --- SpecialHydrogen Delivery Technologies and Systems Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen Strategic Initiatives
Waste Feed Delivery Environmental Permits and Approvals Plan
TOLLEFSON, K.S.
2000-01-18T23:59:59.000Z
This plan describes the environmental permits approvals, and other requirements that may affect establishment of a waste feed delivery system for the Hanford Site's River Protection Project. This plan identifies and screens environmental standards for potential applicability, outlines alternatives for satisfying applicable standards, and describes preferred permitting and approval approaches.
Luminosity Stability Issues for the TESLA Beam Delivery System (BDS)
Luminosity Stability Issues for the TESLA Beam Delivery System (BDS) Nicholas Walker1 (DESY, Germany) Andrzej Wolski2 (Daresbury Laboratory, UK) TESLA 2000-22 October 17, 2000 1 Introduction Given of ground motion and vibration in linear colliders both for TESLA and NLC/JLC (see for example [1
Information Delivery in Large Wireless Networks with Minimum Energy Expense
Wang, Wenye
Information Delivery in Large Wireless Networks with Minimum Energy Expense Yi Xu and Wenye Wang in large-scale multihop wireless networks because of the limited energy supplies from batteries. We and strategies that reduce energy consumption in wireless net- works to extend network lifetimes. Examples
Remarks Prepared for Delivery by Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham
Remarks Prepared for Delivery by Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham ITER Ministerial December 20 for the enormous amount of work you have been doing on behalf of the world's energy future. And let me recognize that "The results of ITER will advance the effort to produce clean, safe, renewable, and commercially
Project Startup: Evaluating Coca-Cola's Class 8 Hybrid-Electric Delivery Trucks (Fact Sheet)
Not Available
2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Fact sheet describing the project startup for evaluating Coca-Cola's Class 8 hybrid-electric delivery trucks.
The equivalence theorem in the generalized gravity of f(R)-type and canonical quantization II
Yasuo Ezawa; Yoshiaki Ohkuwa
2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z
We first review the equivalence theorem of the f(R)-type gravity to Einstein gravity with a scalar field by deriving it in a self-contained and pedagogical way. Then we describe the problem of to what extent the equivalence holds. Main problems are (i) Is the surface term given by Gibbons and Hawking which is necessary in Einstein gravity also necessary in the f(R)-type gravity? (ii) Does the equivalence hold also in quantum theory? (iii) Which metric is physical, i.e., which metric should be identified with the observed one? In this work, we clarify the problem (i) and review the problem (ii) in a canonical formalism which is the generalization of the Ostrogradski one. We briefly comment on the problem (iii). Some discussions are given on one of the results of (ii) concerning the general relativity in non-commutative spacetime.
Energy Storage & Delivery The goal of this project is to deliver measurement methods specific to
Energy Storage & Delivery Materials The goal of this project is to deliver measurement methods specific to polymeric and organic materials needed in next generation energy storage and delivery. · The NIST team is works closely with leaders in the energy storage and delivery field, including General
Converter and Inductor Design for Fast-Response Microprocessor Power Delivery
Converter and Inductor Design for Fast-Response Microprocessor Power Delivery G. J. Mehas K. D be obtained from the IEEE. #12;Converter and Inductor Design for Fast-Response Microprocessor Power Delivery such as microprocessor power delivery are analyzed, with an emphasis on the role of the inductor. Opti- mum values
Tissue-specific gene delivery via nanoparticle coating Todd J. Harris a,1
Bhatia, Sangeeta
Tissue-specific gene delivery via nanoparticle coating Todd J. Harris a,1 , Jordan J. Green b,1 delivery to the spleen and bone marrow. Thus, vari- ations in nanoparticle peptide coating density can Accepted 5 October 2009 Available online 21 October 2009 Keywords: Nanoparticle Targeting Gene delivery
Okunade, Akintunde Akangbe [Department of Physics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State (Nigeria)
2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
Qualitative and quantitative equivalence of spectra transmitted by two different elemental filters require a good match in terms of shape and size over the entire energy range of 0-150 keV used in medical diagnostic radiology. However, the photoelectric absorptions and Compton scattering involved in the interaction of x rays with matter at these relatively low photon energies differ in a nonuniform manner with energy and atomic number. By careful choice of thicknesses for filter materials with an atomic number between 12 and 39, when compared with aluminum, it is possible to obtain transmitted beams of the same shape (quality) but not of the same size (quantity). In this paper, calculations have been carried out for the matching of the shapes and sizes of beams transmitted through specified thicknesses of aluminium filter and spectrally equivalent thicknesses of other filter materials (different from aluminium) using FORTRAN source codes traceable to the American Association of Physics in Medicine (AAPM), College Park, MD, USA. Parametrized algorithms for the evaluation of quantitative differentials (deficit or surplus) in radiation output (namely, photon fluence, exposure, kerma, energy imparted, absorbed dose, and effective dose) from these transmitted spectrally equivalent beams were developed. These differentials range between 1%, and 4% at 1 mm Al filtration and between 8%, and 25% for filtration of 6 mm Al for different filter materials in comparison with aluminum. Also developed were models for factors for converting measures of photon fluence, exposure-area product, (EAP), and kerma-area product (KAP) to risk related quantities such as energy imparted, absorbed dose, and effective dose from the spectrally equivalent beams. The thicknesses of other filter materials that are spectrally equivalent to given thicknesses of aluminum filter were characterized using polynomial functions. The fact that the use of equivalent spectra in radiological practice can provide means of ranking the differentials in radiographic image quality and stochastic risk is discussed.
Delivery, Storage and Fuel Pathway Integration Tech Teams May 8-9, 2007 Energetics Incorporated, Columbia(s) for low pressure storage as well as the cascade charging system. 5. 1 vs. 2 gaseous hydrogen (GH2) trucks. The vast majority of current urban gasoline stations are only open 18 hours. Follow-up: Will stay with 18
On the electromagnetic constitutive laws that are equivalent to spacetime metrics
D. H. Delphenich
2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z
The raising of both indices in the components of the Minkowski electromagnetic field strength 2-form to give the components of the electromagnetic excitation bivector field can be regarded as being equivalent to an electromagnetic constitutive law, as well as being defined by the components of the spacetime metric. This notion is clarified, and the nature of the equivalent dielectric tensors and magnetic permeability tensors that are defined by some common spacetime metrics is discussed. The relationship of the basic construction to effective metrics is discussed, and, in particular, the fact that this effective metric is more general than the Gordon metric.
Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future
Zheng, Nina
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
concentrate known as yellowcake. Because in-situ leaching is32,000 tons of U3O8 yellowcake. Table 18. Uranium Mass
Sex-specific tissue weighting factors for effective dose equivalent calculations
Xu, X.G. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States); Reece, W.D. [Texas A& M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The effective dose equivalent was defined in the International Commission on Radiological Protection Publication 26 in 1977 and later adopted by the U.S. Nuclear REgulatory Commission. To calculate organ doses and effective dose equivalent for external exposures using Monte Carlo simulations, sex-specific anthropomorphic phantoms and sex-specific weighting factors are always employed. This paper presents detailed mathematical derivation of a set of sex-specific tissue weighting factors and the conditions which the weighting factors must satisfy. Results of effective dose equivalent calculations using female and male phantoms exposed to monoenergetic photon beams of 0.08, 0.3, and 1.0 MeV are provided and compared with results published by other authors using different sex-specific weighting factors and phantoms. The results indicate that females always receive higher effective dose equivalent than males for the photon energies and geometries considered and that some published data may be wrong due to mistakes in deriving the sex-specific weighting factors. 17 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.
Discussion about Noise Equivalent Power and its use for photon noise calculation.
Leclercq, Samuel
. 2007-03-02. Abstract. The Noise Equivalent Power (NEP) is a concept often used to quantify processes, I show the link between the different definitions of the NEP. In the third part, starting from the fundamental properties of boson I calculate the most general expression for the photon NEP, allowing to link
Copyright 2013 IEEE. Reprinted, with permission from: Line Limit Preserving Power System Equivalent
Copyright © 2013 IEEE. Reprinted, with permission from: Line Limit Preserving Power System IEEE endorsement of any of the Power Systems Engineering Research Center 's products or services equivalent of a power system is a simplified model of the original system with the ability to preserve some
Derived equivalence classi cation of weakly symmetric algebras of Euclidean type
Holm, Thorsten
is isomorphic to its top P= rad P . The classical examples of sel#12;njective algebras (respectively, symmetricDerived equivalence classi#12;cation of weakly symmetric algebras of Euclidean type Rafa l Bocian Copernicus University, Chopina 12/18, 87-100 Toru#19;n, Poland b Institut fur Algebra und Geometrie, Fakult
Creating dynamic equivalent PV circuit models with impedance spectroscopy for arc-fault modeling.
Johnson, Jay Dean; Kuszmaul, Scott S.; Strauch, Jason E.; Schoenwald, David Alan
2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Article 690.11 in the 2011 National Electrical Code{reg_sign} (NEC{reg_sign}) requires new photovoltaic (PV) systems on or penetrating a building to include a listed arc fault protection device. Currently there is little experimental or empirical research into the behavior of the arcing frequencies through PV components despite the potential for modules and other PV components to filter or attenuate arcing signatures that could render the arc detector ineffective. To model AC arcing signal propagation along PV strings, the well-studied DC diode models were found to inadequately capture the behavior of high frequency arcing signals. Instead dynamic equivalent circuit models of PV modules were required to describe the impedance for alternating currents in modules. The nonlinearities present in PV cells resulting from irradiance, temperature, frequency, and bias voltage variations make modeling these systems challenging. Linearized dynamic equivalent circuits were created for multiple PV module manufacturers and module technologies. The equivalent resistances and capacitances for the modules were determined using impedance spectroscopy with no bias voltage and no irradiance. The equivalent circuit model was employed to evaluate modules having irradiance conditions that could not be measured directly with the instrumentation. Although there was a wide range of circuit component values, the complex impedance model does not predict filtering of arc fault frequencies in PV strings for any irradiance level. Experimental results with no irradiance agree with the model and show nearly no attenuation for 1 Hz to 100 kHz input frequencies.
Zero-knowledge Test of Vector Equivalence and Granulation of User Data with Privacy
Canny, John
Zero-knowledge Test of Vector Equivalence and Granulation of User Data with Privacy Yitao Duan architecture and practical protocols for user data validation and vector addition based computation. It turned, in a privacy-preserving manner. They can also be of independent interest for other fields such as data mining
Northum, Jeremy Dell
2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
of the response of the same detector exposed to a uniform field of radiation. Additionally, an investigation was made into the effect of the wall thickness on the response of the TEPC and the range of delta rays in the tissue-equivalent (TE) wall material. A full...
Guo, Zhixiong "James"
Equivalent isotropic scattering formulation for transient short-pulse radiative transfer of the transient short-pulse radiation transport through forward and backward anisotropic scattering planar media applications to such systems as industrial furnaces, combustion cham- bers, fibrous and porous insulations
Remarks on the equivalence of full additivity and monotonicity for the entanglement cost
Fernando G. S. L. Brandao; Michal Horodecki; Martin B. Plenio; Shashank Virmani
2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z
We analyse the relationship between the full additivity of the entanglement cost and its full monotonicity under local operations and classical communication. We show that the two properties are equivalent for the entanglement cost. The proof works for the regularization of any convex, subadditive, and asymptotically continuous entanglement monotone, and hence also applies to the asymptotic relative entropy of entanglement.
A NOTE ON FRONT TRACKING AND THE EQUIVALENCE BETWEEN VISCOSITY SOLUTIONS OF HAMILTON-JACOBI solution of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation u t + H(ux ) = 0. In our proof we work directly with the de#12 conservation laws to Hamilton-Jacobi equations and derive some of its properties. 1. Introduction It is well
Creep Prediction Using The Non-Linear Strain Energy Equivalence Theory
is sustained over a time interval, ti, to the creep strain obtained during a creep test, c . The average stress, , sustained during the stress-strain test is equal to the creep stress, c . ( ) == t t o c dt dtt 0 [1Creep Prediction Using The Non-Linear Strain Energy Equivalence Theory Jennifer K. Lynch, Ph
On Topological Equivalence of Linear Flows with Applications to Bilinear Control Systems
Colonius, Fritz
On Topological Equivalence of Linear Flows with Applications to Bilinear Control Systems Victor theory for general linear ows. One of our main motivations comes from bilinear control systems, which This paper classi...es continuous linear ows using concepts and tech- niques from topological dynamics. Speci
Equivalence of Control Systems with Linear Systems on Lie Groups and Homogeneous Spaces
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Equivalence of Control Systems with Linear Systems on Lie Groups and Homogeneous Spaces Philippe of geometric control theory arguments. Keywords: Lie groups; Homogeneous spaces; Linear systems; Com- plete JOUAN 28th November 2008 Abstract The aim of this paper is to prove that a control affine system
Interaction Interfaces of Protein Domains Are Not Topologically Equivalent Across Families Within
Srinivasan, N.
Interaction Interfaces of Protein Domains Are Not Topologically Equivalent Across Families Within interfaces on the tertiary folds between members of distantly related protein domain superfamilies. The data chain and those between two polypeptide chains. We observe that, in general, the interfaces between
Equivalent hydraulic conductivity of an experimental stratigraphy: Implications for basin-scale flow
Gable, Carl W.
Equivalent hydraulic conductivity of an experimental stratigraphy: Implications for basin-scale groundwater flow models are the estimation of representative hydraulic conductivity for the model units. In this study, high-resolution, fully heterogeneous basin-scale hydraulic conductivity map is generated
Per-unitization and Equivalent Circuits 1.0 Normalization of voltage equations
McCalley, James D.
1 Per-unitization and Equivalent Circuits 1.0 Normalization of voltage equations We desire to normalize the voltage equations, that is, we desire to express them in per-unit. The advantages of doing so are: · The per-unit system offers computational simplicity by eliminating units and expressing system
The equivalence principle and the relative velocity of local inertial frames
F. Shojai; A. Shojai
2015-05-25T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we explicitly show that in general relativity, the relative velocity of two local inertial frames is always less than the velocity of light. This fact is a by-product of the equivalence principle. The general result is then illustrated within two examples, the FLRW cosmological model and the Schwarzschild metric.
Signal extraction from 4D transient electromagnetic surveys using the equivalent source method
Signal extraction from 4D transient electromagnetic surveys using the equivalent source method, and the magnitude of the time-lapse difference is often on the order of the noise. A method is developed for extracting signal from noisy three-component TEM data sets collected in fixed-loop, multiple-receiver surveys
Baldwin, Enoch
Quasi-equivalence in Site-specific Recombinase Structure and Function: Crystal Structure of California, Davis 1 Shields Ave, Davis CA 95616, USA The crystal structure of a novel Cre-Lox synapse features between the differently branched substrates and plasticity of the protein-protein interfaces
Modeling proton intensity gradients and radiation dose equivalents in the inner
Pringle, James "Jamie"
Modeling proton intensity gradients and radiation dose equivalents in the inner heliosphere using exposure in IP space. In this paper, we utilize EMMREM to study the radial dependence of proton peak crossfield diffusion at large radial distances. Our results show that radial dependencies of proton peak
Leach Jr.,W. Marshall
voltage ve(oc) to the short-circuit emitter current. The circuit for calculating the short-circuit currentThévenin Emitter Circuit The Thévenin equivalent circuit seen looking into the emitter is useful. With the emitter open circuited, we denote the emitter voltage by ve(oc). The voltage source in the Thévenin
Characterizing motion contour detection mechanisms and equivalent mechanisms in the luminance domain
Zanker, Johannes M.
Characterizing motion contour detection mechanisms and equivalent mechanisms in the luminance with sparsely defined luminance Gabor patterns and found similar results, but only at low sampling densities. The nature of the information and the strength of the signal influence the properties of luminance contour
Tolerances on MLC leaf position accuracy for IMRT delivery with a dynamic MLC
Rangel, Alejandra; Dunscombe, Peter [Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331-29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2 (Canada) and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331-29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2 (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331-29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2 (Canada)
2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
The objective determination of performance standards for radiation therapy equipment requires, ideally, establishing the quantitative relationship between performance deviations and clinical outcome or some acceptable surrogate. In this simulation study the authors analyzed the dosimetric impact of random (leaf by leaf) and systematic (entire leaf bank) errors in the position of the MLC leaves on seven clinical prostate and seven clinical head and neck IMRT plans delivered using a dynamic MLC. In-house software was developed to incorporate normally distributed errors of up to {+-}2 mm in individual leaf position or systematic errors ({+-}1 and {+-}0.5 mm in all leaves of both leaf banks or +1 mm in one bank only) into the 14 plans, thus simulating treatment delivery using a suboptimally performing MLC. The dosimetric consequences of suboptimal MLC performance were quantified using the equivalent uniform doses (EUDs) of the clinical target volumes and important organs at risk (OARs). The deviation of the EUDs of the selected structures as the performance of the MLC deteriorated was used as the objective surrogate of clinical outcome. Random errors of 2 mm resulted in negligible changes for all structures of interest in both sites. In contrast, systematic errors can lead to potentially significant dosimetric changes that may compromise clinical outcome. If a 2% change in EUD of the target and 2 Gy for the OARs were adopted as acceptable levels of deviation in dose due to MLC effects alone, then systematic errors in leaf position will need to be limited to 0.3 mm. This study provides guidance, based on a dosimetric surrogate of clinical outcome, for the development of one component, leaf position accuracy of performance standards for multileaf collimators.
Effects of fuel type and equivalence ratios on the flickering of triple flames
Sahu, K.B.; Kundu, A.; Ganguly, R.; Datta, A. [Department of Power Engineering, Jadavpur University, Salt Lake Campus, Kolkata 700098 (India)
2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
An experimental study has been conducted in axisymmetric, co-flowing triple flames with different equivalence ratios of the inner and outer reactant streams (2<{phi}{sub in}<3 and 0{<=}{phi}{sub out}<0.7). Different fuel combinations, like propane/propane, propane/methane or methane/methane in the inner and outer streams respectively, have been used in the experiments. The structures of the triple flames have been compared for the different fuel combinations and equivalence ratios. The conditions under which triple flames exhibit oscillation have been identified. During the oscillation, the non-premixed flame and the outer lean premixed flame flicker strongly, while the inner rich premixed flame remains more or less stable. The flickering frequency has been evaluated through image processing and fast Fourier transform (FFT) of the average pixel intensity of the image frames. It is observed that, for all the fuel combinations, the frequency decreases with the increase in the outer equivalence ratio, while it is relatively invariant with the change in the inner equivalence ratio. However, an increase in the inner equivalence ratio affects the structure of the flame by increasing the heights of the inner premixed flame and non-premixed flame and also enlarges the yellow soot-laden zone at the tip of the inner flame. A scaling analysis of the oscillating flames has been performed based on the measured parameters, which show a variation of Strouhal number (St) with Richardson number (Ri) as St {proportional_to} Ri{sup 0.5}. The fuel type is found to have no influence on this correlation. (author)
Towards engineering hormone-binding globulins as drug delivery agents
Chan, Wee Lee; Zhou, Aiwu; Read, Randy J.
2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z
in optical thickness of the sensor tip. Cortisol was immobilised on the biosensor tip surface by forming an adduct of hydrocortisone 21-hemisuccinate and a pentylamine-biotin linker through an amide bond, then allowing the biotin moiety on this cortisol... adduct to bind to the streptavidin-conjugated biosensor tip. The cortisol- Towards Engineering Hormone-Binding Globulins as Drug Delivery Agents PLOS ONE | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0113402 November 26, 2014 4 / 21 conjugated sensors were immersed...
Feasibility Study: Ductless Hydronic Distribution Systems with Fan Coil Delivery
Springer, D.; Dakin, B.; Backman, C.
2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
The primary objectives of this study are to estimate potential energy savings relative to conventional ducted air distribution, and to identify equipment requirements, costs, and barriers with a focus on ductless hydronic delivery systems that utilize water-to-air terminal units in each zone. Results indicate that annual heating and cooling energy use can be reduced by up to 27% assuming replacement of the conventional 13 SEER heat pump and coil with a similarly rated air-to-water heat pump.
Integrated Project Delivery: Managing Liability Risks for the Design Professional
Hancock, Brian
2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z
- The term used to include new construction, reconstruction, renovation, restoration, major repair, demolition and all similar work upon buildings and ancillary facilities, including any draining, dredging, excavation, grading or similar work upon real... Delivery Method defined by the following characteristics: • Design and Construction are separate contracts (versus Design-Build, in which the contracts are combined) • The only criterion for final selection is lowest total construction cost Design...
Technological Advancements and Error Rates in Radiation Therapy Delivery
Margalit, Danielle N., E-mail: dmargalit@partners.org [Harvard Radiation Oncology Program, Boston, MA (United States); Harvard Cancer Consortium and Brigham and Women's Hospital/Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA (United States); Chen, Yu-Hui; Catalano, Paul J.; Heckman, Kenneth; Vivenzio, Todd; Nissen, Kristopher; Wolfsberger, Luciant D.; Cormack, Robert A.; Mauch, Peter; Ng, Andrea K. [Harvard Cancer Consortium and Brigham and Women's Hospital/Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA (United States)
2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: Technological advances in radiation therapy (RT) delivery have the potential to reduce errors via increased automation and built-in quality assurance (QA) safeguards, yet may also introduce new types of errors. Intensity-modulated RT (IMRT) is an increasingly used technology that is more technically complex than three-dimensional (3D)-conformal RT and conventional RT. We determined the rate of reported errors in RT delivery among IMRT and 3D/conventional RT treatments and characterized the errors associated with the respective techniques to improve existing QA processes. Methods and Materials: All errors in external beam RT delivery were prospectively recorded via a nonpunitive error-reporting system at Brigham and Women's Hospital/Dana Farber Cancer Institute. Errors are defined as any unplanned deviation from the intended RT treatment and are reviewed during monthly departmental quality improvement meetings. We analyzed all reported errors since the routine use of IMRT in our department, from January 2004 to July 2009. Fisher's exact test was used to determine the association between treatment technique (IMRT vs. 3D/conventional) and specific error types. Effect estimates were computed using logistic regression. Results: There were 155 errors in RT delivery among 241,546 fractions (0.06%), and none were clinically significant. IMRT was commonly associated with errors in machine parameters (nine of 19 errors) and data entry and interpretation (six of 19 errors). IMRT was associated with a lower rate of reported errors compared with 3D/conventional RT (0.03% vs. 0.07%, p = 0.001) and specifically fewer accessory errors (odds ratio, 0.11; 95% confidence interval, 0.01-0.78) and setup errors (odds ratio, 0.24; 95% confidence interval, 0.08-0.79). Conclusions: The rate of errors in RT delivery is low. The types of errors differ significantly between IMRT and 3D/conventional RT, suggesting that QA processes must be uniquely adapted for each technique. There was a lower error rate with IMRT compared with 3D/conventional RT, highlighting the need for sustained vigilance against errors common to more traditional treatment techniques.
Galactic interstellar abundance surveys with IUE. II. The equivalent widths and column densities
Van Steenberg, M.E.; Shull, J.M.
1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper continues a survey of interstellar densities, abundances, and cloud structure in the Galaxy, using the International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) satellite. Equivalent widths of 18 ultraviolet resonance transitions are presented and column densities for Si II, Mn II, Fe II, S II, and Zn II toward 261 early-type stars are derived. These equivalent widths and column densities agree within the stated errors of earlier Copernicus, BUSS, or IUE surveys of Mn II, Fe II, S II, and Zn II for 45 stars in common. The column densities are derived from single-component curves of growth with a common b-value based on that of Fe II and Si II. 63 references.
An insight on the Proof of Orientifold Planar Equivalence on the Lattice
Agostino Patella
2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z
In a recent paper, Armoni, Shifman and Veneziano (ASV) gave a formal non-perturbative proof of planar equivalence between the bosonic sectors of SU(N) super Yang-Mills theory and of a gauge theory with a massless quark in the antisymmetric two-indexes representation. In the case of three colors, the latter theory is nothing but one-flavor QCD. Numerical simulations are necessary to test the validity of that proof and to estimate the size of 1/N corrections. As a first step towards numerical simulations, I will give a lattice version of the ASV proof of orientifold planar equivalence in the strong-coupling and large-mass phase.
Lyapunov spectra and nonequilibrium ensembles equivalence in 2D fluid mechanics
Giovanni Gallavotti; Lamberto Rondoni; Enrico Segre
2002-09-19T23:59:59.000Z
We perform numerical experiments to study the Lyapunov spectra of dynamical systems associated with the Navier--Stokes (NS) equation in two spatial dimensions truncated over the Fourier basis. Recently new equations, called GNS equations, have been introduced and conjectured to be equivalent to the NS equations at large Reynolds numbers. The Lyapunov spectra of the NS and of the corresponding GNS systems overlap, adding evidence in favor of the conjectured equivalence already studied and partially extended in previous papers. We make use of the Lyapunov spectra to study a fluctuation relation which had been proposed to extend the ``fluctuation theorem'' to strongly dissipative systems. Preliminary results towards the formulation of a local version of the fluctuation formula are also presented.
The Equivalent Thermal Resistance of Tile Roofs with and without Batten Systems
Miller, William A [ORNL] [ORNL
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Clay and concrete tile roofs were installed on a fully instrumented attic test facility operating in East Tennessee s climate. Roof, attic and deck temperatures and heat flows were recorded for each of the tile roofs and also on an adjacent attic cavity covered with a conventionally pigmented and direct-nailed asphalt shingle roof. The data were used to benchmark a computer tool for simulation of roofs and attics and the tool used to develop an approach for computing an equivalent seasonal R-value for sub-tile venting. The approach computed equal heat fluxes through the ceilings of roofs having different combinations of surface radiation properties and or building constructions. A direct nailed shingle roof served as a control for estimating the equivalent thermal resistance of the air space. Simulations were benchmarked to data in the ASHRAE Fundamentals for the thermal resistance of inclined and closed air spaces.
Bayerschen, E; Wulfinghoff, S; Weygand, D; Böhlke, T
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The gradient crystal plasticity framework of Wulfinghoff et al. [53] incorporating an equivalent plastic strain and grain boundary yielding, is extended with additional grain boundary hardening. By comparison to averaged results from many discrete dislocation dynamics (DDD) simulations of an aluminum type tricrystal under tensile loading, the new hardening parameter in the continuum model is calibrated. It is shown that although the grain boundaries (GBs) in the discrete simulations are impenetrable, an infinite GB yield strength corresponding to microhard GB conditions, is not applicable in the continuum model. A combination of a finite GB yield strength with an isotropic bulk Voce hardening relation alone also fails to model the plastic strain profiles obtained by DDD. Instead, a finite GB yield strength in combination with GB hardening depending on the equivalent plastic strain at the GBs is shown to give a better agreement to DDD results. The differences in the plastic strain profiles obtained in DDD simu...
Weeks, Eric R.
Equivalence of Glass Transition and Colloidal Glass Transition in the Hard-Sphere Limit Ning Xu,1 that the slowing of the dynamics in simulations of several model glass-forming liquids is equivalent to the hard-sphere glass transition in the low-pressure limit. In this limit, we find universal behavior of the relaxation
Miller, Damon A.
. To experimentally measure and use an equivalent circuit representation for circuit analysis. 8. To improve circuit of Figure 1 to represent the small signal operation (i.e. in the LINEAR region) of the amplifier© 2012 Damon A. Miller Page 1 of 4 4: Transfer Functions, Parameters, and Equivalent Circuits
Electromagnetic wave propagation in an active medium and the equivalent Schrödinger equation with an energy-dependent complex potential H. Bahlouli,* A. D. Alhaidari, and A. Al Zahrani Physics Department to provide an alternative, but equivalent, representation of plane electromagnetic em wave propagation
Design and construction of a compact multi-chamber tissue equivalent proportional counter
Taplin, Temeka
2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z
of radiation. Radiation detectors aid in this task by monitoring areas and evaluating exposures to personnel. Monitoring areas where there is a potential for radiation exposure is critical in the evaluation and protection of people that have access... be used to determine the energy of other unknown radiations. Detectors Tissue equivalent proportional counters are gas filled detectors that can be used to simulate interactions and energy transferred to small tissue volumes, which allows...
Equivalence between new and old forms for 2 + cos (cos h/)/] / R2
Equivalence between new and old forms for 2 h 2 h = [2 h/2 + cos (cos h/)/] / R2 cos2 = = [2 h/2 + cos (cos 2 h/2 - sin h/)] / R2 cos2 = = [2 h/2 / cos2 + 2 h/2 - sin h/ / cos] / R2 = X / = W·P×U / cos = - sin / cos cos / = W·P×V / cos = cos / cos cos / = N·P×U = - cos sin / cos / = N·P×V = - sin
Untwisting Noncommutative R^d and the Equivalence of Quantum Field Theories
Robert Oeckl
2000-03-13T23:59:59.000Z
We show that there is a duality exchanging noncommutativity and non-trivial statistics for quantum field theory on R^d. Employing methods of quantum groups, we observe that ordinary and noncommutative R^d are related by twisting. We extend the twist to an equivalence for quantum field theory using the framework of braided quantum field theory. The twist exchanges both commutativity with noncommutativity and ordinary with non-trivial statistics. The same holds for the noncommutative torus.
Gravitational ultrarelativistic spin-orbit interaction and the weak equivalence principle
Roman Plyatsko
2005-07-07T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown that the gravitational ultrarelativistic spin-orbit interaction violates the weak equivalence principle in the traditional sense. This fact is a direct consequence of the Mathisson-Papapetrou equations in the frame of reference comoving with a spinning test particle. The widely held assumption that the deviation of a spinning test body from a geodesic trajectory is caused by tidal forces is not correct
de Sitter space and the equivalence between f(R) and scalar-tensor gravity
Valerio Faraoni
2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown that, when f'' is non-vanishing, metric f(R) gravity is completely equivalent to a scalar-tensor theory (with zero Brans-Dicke parameter) with respect to perturbations of de Sitter space, contrary to previous expectations. Moreover, the stability conditions of de Sitter space with respect to homogeneous and inhomogeneous perturbations coincide in most scalar-tensor theories, as is the case in metric f(R) gravity.
Avila, O. [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, AP 18-1027, 11801, DF (Mexico); Torres-Ulloa, C. L. [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, AP 18-1027, 11801, DF (Mexico); Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, AP 70-542, 04510, DF (Mexico); Medina, L. A. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, AP 20-364, 01000, DF (Mexico); Unidad de Investigacion Biomedica en Cancer INCan-UNAM, Av. San Fernando 22 C.P. 14080 (Mexico); Trujillo-Zamudio, F. E. [Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia (INCan), Av. San Fernando 22, C.P. 14080 (Mexico); Gamboa de Buen, I. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, AP 70-543, 04510 DF (Mexico); Buenfil, A. E.; Brandan, M. E. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, AP 20-364, 01000, DF (Mexico)
2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z
Ambient dose equivalent values were determined in several sites at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia, Departmento de Medicina Nuclear, using TLD-100 and TLD-900 thermoluminescent dosemeters. Additionally, ambient dose equivalent was measured at a corridor outside the hospitalization room for patients treated with {sup 137}Cs brachytherapy. Dosemeter calibration was performed at the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Laboratorio de Metrologia, to known {sup 137}Cs gamma radiation air kerma. Radionuclides considered for this study are {sup 131}I, {sup 18}F, {sup 67}Ga, {sup 99m}Tc, {sup 111}In, {sup 201}Tl and {sup 137}Cs, with main gamma energies between 93 and 662 keV. Dosemeters were placed during a five month period in the nuclear medicine rooms (containing gamma-cameras), injection corridor, patient waiting areas, PET/CT study room, hot lab, waste storage room and corridors next to the hospitalization rooms for patients treated with {sup 131}I and {sup 137}Cs. High dose values were found at the waste storage room, outside corridor of {sup 137}Cs brachytherapy patients and PET/CT area. Ambient dose equivalent rate obtained for the {sup 137}Cs brachytherapy corridor is equal to (18.51{+-}0.02)x10{sup -3} mSv/h. Sites with minimum doses are the gamma camera rooms, having ambient dose equivalent rates equal to (0.05{+-}0.03)x10{sup -3} mSv/h. Recommendations have been given to the Department authorities so that further actions are taken to reduce doses at high dose sites in order to comply with the ALARA principle (as low as reasonably achievable).
Taylan, O.; Berberoglu, H., E-mail: berberoglu@mail.utexas.edu [Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)
2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z
This paper reports the electrical characterization and an equivalent circuit of a microhollow cathode discharge (MHCD) reactor in the self-pulsing regime. A MHCD reactor was prototyped for air plasma generation, and its current-voltage characteristics were measured experimentally in the self-pulsing regime for applied voltages from 2000 to 3000?V. The reactor was modeled as a capacitor in parallel with a variable resistor. A stray capacitance was also introduced to the circuit model to represent the capacitance of the circuit elements in the experimental setup. The values of the resistor and capacitors were recovered from experimental data, and the proposed circuit model was validated with independent experiments. Experimental data showed that increasing the applied voltage increased the current, self-pulsing frequency and average power consumption of the reactor, while it decreased the peak voltage. The maximum and the minimum voltages obtained using the model were in agreement with the experimental data within 2.5%, whereas the differences between peak current values were less than 1%. At all applied voltages, the equivalent circuit model was able to accurately represent the peak and average power consumption as well as the self-pulsing frequency within the experimental uncertainty. Although the results shown in this paper was for atmospheric air pressures, the proposed equivalent circuit model of the MHCD reactor could be generalized for other gases at different pressures.
Solar system and equivalence principle constraints on f(R) gravity by chameleon approach
Salvatore Capozziello; Shinji Tsujikawa
2008-03-30T23:59:59.000Z
We study constraints on f(R) dark energy models from solar system experiments combined with experiments on the violation of equivalence principle. When the mass of an equivalent scalar field degree of freedom is heavy in a region with high density, a spherically symmetric body has a thin-shell so that an effective coupling of the fifth force is suppressed through a chameleon mechanism. We place experimental bounds on the cosmologically viable models recently proposed in literature which have an asymptotic form f(R)=R-lambda R_c [1-(R_c/R)^{2n}] in the regime R >> R_c. From the solar-system constraints on the post-Newtonian parameter gamma, we derive the bound n>0.5, whereas the constraints from the violations of weak and strong equivalence principles give the bound n>0.9. This allows a possibility to find the deviation from the LambdaCDM cosmological model. For the model f(R)=R-lambda R_c(R/R_c)^p with 0
Formulating a simplified equivalent representation of distribution circuits for PV impact studies.
Reno, Matthew J.; Broderick, Robert Joseph; Grijalva, Santiago [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA
2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
With an increasing number of Distributed Generation (DG) being connected on the distribution system, a method for simplifying the complexity of the distribution system to an equivalent representation of the feeder is advantageous for streamlining the interconnection study process. The general characteristics of the system can be retained while reducing the modeling effort required. This report presents a method of simplifying feeders to only specified buses-of-interest. These buses-of-interest can be potential PV interconnection locations or buses where engineers want to verify a certain power quality. The equations and methodology are presented with mathematical proofs of the equivalence of the circuit reduction method. An example 15-bus feeder is shown with the parameters and intermediate example reduction steps to simplify the circuit to 4 buses. The reduced feeder is simulated using PowerWorld Simulator to validate that those buses operate with the same characteristics as the original circuit. Validation of the method is also performed for snapshot and time-series simulations with variable load and solar energy output data to validate the equivalent performance of the reduced circuit with the interconnection of PV.
U.S. Natural Gas International Deliveries (Million Cubic Feet)
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production (Million Barrels)(MillionofFoot) YearDecadeDeliveries (Million
West Virginia Natural Gas % of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent)
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production% of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) West Virginia Natural Gas % of
West Virginia Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (Million
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production% of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) West Virginia Natural Gas %
West Virginia Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (Million
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production% of Total Residential Deliveries (Percent) West Virginia Natural Gas %Cubic
Virginia Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (Million Cubic
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of5, 2014 |and Terry M.38ofVentureVideos Browse By -Feet) Deliveries
Status and EAC Recommendations for Electricity Delivery Workforce
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334DepartmentCivilianAffairs,Site TransitionDepartmentKatrinaDeliveryCellon theDepartment
Montana Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (Million Cubic
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville PowerTariff Pages default SignEnergy4 3.4 Myriam PerezCapsules | Argonnefrom9|Feet) Deliveries
Strategies and Project Delivery Methods for Captial Improvement Projects
White, D.
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
% of construction time and reduce change costs* On average Design-Build saves over 31% on project schedule compared to traditional delivery methods – Construction Industry Institute ESL-KT-14-11-10 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas... ESL-KT-14-11-10 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Reduced Cost through Design-Build 6.1% 5.2% 11.4% -12.0% -33.5% 4.5% 12.6% 2.2% -7.0% -23.5% -40% -30% -20% -10% 0% 10% 20% Unit Cost Cost Growth Schedule...
Rateless Codes with Progressive Recovery for Layered Multimedia Delivery
Chen, Zhao; Xu, Mai; Lu, Jianhua
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper proposes a novel approach, based on unequal error protection, to enhance rateless codes with progressive recovery for layered multimedia delivery. With a parallel encoding structure, the proposed Progressive Rateless codes (Pro-Rateless) assign unequal redundancy to each layer in accordance with their importance. Each output symbol contains information from all layers, and thus the stream layers can be recovered progressively at the expected received ratios of output symbols. Furthermore, the dependency between layers is naturally considered. The performance of the Pro-Rateless is evaluated and compared with some related UEP approaches. Results show that our Pro-Rateless approach provides better performance both theoretically and numerically.
Microgel particles for the delivery of bioactive materials
Frechet, Jean M. J. (Oakland, CA); Murthy Niren (Atlanta, GA)
2010-03-23T23:59:59.000Z
Novel microgels, microparticles and related polymeric materials capable of delivering bioactive materials to cells for use as vaccines or therapeutic agents. The materials are made using a crosslinker molecule that contains a linkage cleavable under mild acidic conditions. The crosslinker molecule is exemplified by a bisacryloyl acetal crosslinker. The new materials have the common characteristic of being able to degrade by acid hydrolysis under conditions commonly found within the endosomal or lysosomal compartments of cells thereby releasing their payload within the cell. The materials can also be used for the delivery of therapeutics to the acidic regions of tumors and sites of inflammation.
Microgel particles for the delivery of bioactive materials
Frechet, Jean M.; Murthy, Niren
2006-06-06T23:59:59.000Z
Novel microgels, microparticles and related polymeric materials capable of delivering bioactive materials to cells for use as vaccines or therapeutic agents. The materials are made using a crosslinker molecule that contains a linkage cleavable under mild acidic conditions. The crosslinker molecule is exemplified by a bisacryloyl acetal crosslinker. The new materials have the common characteristic of being able to degrade by acid hydrolysis under conditions commonly found within the endosomal or lysosomal compartments of cells thereby releasing their payload within the cell. The materials can also be used for the delivery of therapeutics to the acidic regions of tumors and sites of inflammation.
Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Cyber Security
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g e OctoberEnergy FormerSites |BGE'sOctoberOPMEnergyElectricity Delivery and Energy