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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Sustainable urban forms for Chinese typical new towns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The phenomena of exploding world urban population and sharply decreasing global arable lands are illustrated in contemporary China in a dramatically amplified form. Construction of many new towns in rural areas has been ...

Son, Sunhwa, 1980-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Source to tap urban water cycle modelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The continuous expansion of urban areas is associated with increased water demand, both for domestic and non-domestic uses. To cover this additional demand, centralised infrastructure, such as water supply and distribution networks tend to become more ... Keywords: Metabolism models, Optimisation, Urban water cycle, Water demand management

Evangelos Rozos; Christos Makropoulos

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Valuing the Environmental Benefits of Urban Water Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bene?ts of Urban Water Conservation LBNL-61011 1 Katiethe California Urban Water Conservation Council, LNBL Awardwww.irwd.com/Conservation/water conservation research.php#=

Coughlin, Katie M.; Bolduc, Chris A.; Chan, Peter T.; Dunham-Whitehead, C.; Van Buskirk, R.D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Urban Water Conservation along the Rio Grande  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Not long ago, conversations on urban water demand were not only rare but dull. Today, especially in the West and Southwest, these conversations can turn into heated debates. The question of who has enough water for the future has pitted urban interests against agriculture and financial resources against cultural values. Water supply is finite, even if it is part of a cycle. Water may be plentiful in some places and scarce in others. Until we are ready to make water conservation a pattern of behavior to use less water, our demand will continue to grow as our population grows. Although water conservation is not an answer to all growth, it does offer an alternative to acquiring some new water supplies. Water conservation is almost always the least expensive water supply alternative. Water conservation can have two definitions. First and most often, conservation is considered a reduction in the amount of water used. Each person uses less. An alternative definition implies more efficient use of water. We waste less. Less waste can be attributed to best management practices, more efficient hardware or literally less water running into the streets from irrigation systems. Urban water conservation incorporates watersaving measures and incentives for the home, on the landscape and throughout the city water distribution system. It is easy to differentiate between water-saving measures and incentives. A water-saving measure such as a water-efficient toilet reduces the amount used each and every time it is flushed. Or, a rain sensor turns off a sprinkler system during rain showers. In contrast, incentives encourage the wise use of water through education, ordinances or scheduling. Educational programs suggest water reductions in the landscape, ordinances mandate how much turf is planted, and schedules tell homeowners when to irrigate. Combined, measures and incentives provide a water conservation program.

Silvey, Valeen; Kaiser, Ronald; Lesikar, Bruce; Runyan, Craig

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Water Conservation with Urban Landscape Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water shortages are a common problem in much of the southwest. Increasing urbanization and increasing population places greater demands on dwindling water supplies. Over half of the water used in urban areas of the southwest is used in the irrigation of landscapes. To help cope with increased urban water demands and low water supplies, research was conducted from March 1981 to July 1983 at The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station at Dallas to gain information relative to consumptive water use by native and non-native landscape plants. Twenty weighing lysimeters were constructed and installed and plants established in the lysimeters and adjacent areas. The lysimeters were made from 0.6 X 0.9 m undisturbed cores of Austin silty clay soil. Plants used in the lysimeter study were buffalograss, St. Augustine grass, cenizo, boxwood and Texas barberry. All plants are native to Texas except boxwood and St. Augustine grass. Four lysimeters were planted to each plant type. This allowed two moisture levels and two replications of each plant type. There was no difference in water use by St. Augustine grass and buffalo grass during the year of establishment. Daily water use ranged from 0.49 to 0.08 cm per day but was generally 50% class A pan evaporation. St. Augustine grass used 0.03 cm/day more water than buffalo grass during 1982. -Irrigation treatments used in 1982 did not influence water use by either grass type but buffalo grass retained higher quality under dry treatment (irrigated at 0.40 bar moisture tension) than St. Augustine grass. Water use from May to July 1983 was highest (of all treatments) by St. Augustine grass when irrigated at 0.25 bar soil moisture tension at 76 cm depth and lowest (of all treatments) by buffalograss when irrigated at 0.75 bar soil moisture tension at 76 cm depth. Application of 50% class A pan evaporation each week appears to be an acceptable guideline for irrigation of either turfgrass but research should be conducted over a longer time period to obtain more specific guidelines for each grass species. Water use by shrubs in lysimeters was variable and not influenced by plant type during the period of establishment (Fall 1981). During 1982 water use was influenced more by plant size than by specie or water level. Cenizo had much faster growth rate than the other shrubs in the study. Water use by container grown plants indicated that cenizo had higher water use efficiency than boxwood or Indian Hawthorn. Water use was determined for several native shrubs and of the ones compared, Texas barberry appeared to have the most promise for use in water conserving landscapes.

Hip, B. W.; Giordano, C.; Simpson, B.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

publication 426-042 Urban Water-Quality Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of water plants. www.ext.vt.edu Produced by Communications and Marketing, College of Agriculture and Lifepublication 426-042 Urban Water-Quality Management Winterizing the Water Garden Lynnette Swanson Traci Gilland, Extension Agent, Portsmouth Water gardens require maintenance throughout the year

Liskiewicz, Maciej

7

Modelling an urban water system on the edge of chaos  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Viewing an urban water system as a complex adaptive system provides new opportunities for analysis and avoids some critical simplifications. Taking this perspective, it is possible to explore the inter-related effects of changes to the system. This is ... Keywords: Agent-based modelling, Integrated assessment, Socio-technical analysis, Water services

Magnus Moglia; Pascal Perez; Stewart Burn

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Drops of Energy Conserving Urban Water in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in California to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions improvements to their energy usage through efficiency measuresDrops of Energy Conserving Urban Water in California to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions May 2011 School of Law's Center for Law, Energy & the Environment and UCLA School of Law's Environmental Law

Kammen, Daniel M.

9

URBAN WATER SUPPLY IN INDIA: STATUS, REFORM OPTIONS AND POSSIBLE LESSONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of water produced that does not reach water board customers. Unaccounted for water results both from for water accounts for 25-40% of water produced by utilities in the main urban areas in India. WhileURBAN WATER SUPPLY IN INDIA: STATUS, REFORM OPTIONS AND POSSIBLE LESSONS David McKenzie Development

Kammen, Daniel M.

10

Assessing the likelihood of realizing idealized goals: The case of urban water strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Urban water management can be challenging, but in Small Island Developing States it is particularly difficult due to resource constraints and isolation. This is the situation in the town of Tarawa in Kiribati, where attempts to improve water services ... Keywords: Bayesian Networks (BNs), Integrated Urban Water Management, Subjective logic, Water aid

M. Moglia; P. Perez; S. Burn

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

OPTIMIZED CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR A TYPICAL WATER LOOP HEAT PUMP SYSTEM.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Water Loop Heat Pump (WLHP) System has been widely utilized in the Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) industry for several decades. There is no… (more)

Lian, Xu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

On-line Hydraulic State Estimation in Urban Water Networks Using Reduced Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Predictor-Corrector (PC) approach for on-line forecasting of water usage in an urban water system is presented and demonstrated. The M5 Model-Trees algorithm is used to predict water demands and Genetic Algorithms (GAs) ...

Preis, Ami

13

Water | Desire: Design of a Responsible Urban Retreat in Georgetown, Washington, DC.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The design of an urban retreat within an industrial building in Georgetown, DC provides an opportunity to experience water in the built environment. The location… (more)

Zimmerli, Tanya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Gender and Asset Dimensions of Seasonal Water Insecurity in Urban Philippines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal water insecurity is a social and climate-related problem of growing concern in many urban areas. From 2000 to 2050, the global urban population affected by seasonal water shortage is projected to increase from 312 million to 1.3 billion. ...

Lisa Reyes Mason

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Efficient Hydraulic State Estimation Technique Using Reduced Models of Urban Water Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes and demonstrates an efficient method for online hydraulic state estimation in urban water networks. The proposed method employs an online predictor-corrector (PC) procedure for forecasting future water ...

Preis, Ami

16

Photometric Investigations of Precipitable Water and Optical Depth Wavelength Exponents in an Urban Area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A six-channel Volz sunphotometer was used in the St. Louis urban area during Project METROMEX 1976 to monitor aerosol loading and atmospheric precipitable water. A weighted least-square fit of photometric observations to spatially and temporarily ...

Tom Yoksas

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Application and numerical simulation on water mist cooling for urban environment regulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fine water mist is a type of sustainable and environment-friendly cooling technology. This paper concerns the use of water mist flow to improve the quality of urban environment in summer. According to the survey and analysis on the potential for ... Keywords: numerical simulation, regulation of microclimate, spray cooling, two-phase flow

Junfeng Wang; Xincheng Tu; Zhentao Wang; Jiwei Huang

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Unpaving the Way to Creek Restoration in Lower Sausal Creek Watershed: Applying the EU Water Framework Directive to a US Urban Watershed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

European Water Framework Directive to the Russian River. UCthe EU Water Framework Directive to a US Urban Watershed byUnion Water Framework Directive (WFD) provides a strategy

Li, Hong; Wardani, Jane

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Modeling Residual Chlorine Decay for Optimization of Booster Chlorination in Urban-rural Water Distribution System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The key procedure of optimization of the control of the booster chlorination is modeling the relationship between the concentration of the spot of the booster chlorination (after dosing) and the concentration of the monitoring points on the remote end ... Keywords: Residual chlorine decay, Hybrid transfer function model, Optimization of booster chlorination, Urban-rural water distribution system

Jingqing Liu; Zuozi Huang; Shengwei Tan

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Complex Adaptive Systems Simulation-Optimization Framework for Adaptive Urban Water Resources Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Population growth, urbanization and climate change threaten urban water systems. The rise of demands caused by growing urban areas and the potential decrease of water availability caused by the increase of frequency and severity of droughts challenge the continued well-being of society. Due to increasing environmental and financial constraints, water management paradigms have shifted from supply augmentation to demand management, and water conservation initiatives may efficiently decrease water demands to more sustainable levels. To provide reliable assessment of the efficiencies of different demand management strategies, new modeling techniques are needed that can simulate decentralized decisions of consumers and their interactions with the water system. An integrated simulation-optimization framework, based on the paradigm of Complex Adaptive Systems, is developed here to model dynamic interactions and adaptations within social, built, and natural components of urban water systems. The framework goes beyond tradition engineering simulations by incorporating decentralized, heterogeneous and autonomous agents, and by simulating dynamic feedback loops among modeling components. The framework uses modeling techniques including System Dynamics, Cellular Automata, and Agent-based Modeling to simulate housing and population growth, a land use change, residential water consumption, the hydrologic cycle, reservoir operation, and a policy/decision maker. This research demonstrates the applicability of the proposed framework through a series of studies applied to a water supply system of a large metropolitan region that is located in a semi-arid region and suffers recurrently from severe droughts. A set of adaptive demand management strategies, that apply contingency restrictions, land use planning, and water conservation technologies, such as rainwater harvesting systems, are evaluated. A multi-objective Evolutionary Algorithm is coupled with the CAS simulation framework to identify optimal strategies and explore conflicting objectives within a water system. The results demonstrate the benefits of adaptive management by updating management decisions to changing conditions. This research develops a new hydrologic sustainability metric, developed to quantify the stormwater impacts of urbanization. The Hydrologic Footprint Residence captures temporal and spatial hydrologic characteristics of a flood wave passing through a stream segment and is used to assess stormwater management scenarios, including Best Management Practices and Low Impact Development.

Giacomoni, Marcio

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Site design for urban water management in Mexico City  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the world becomes aware of the scarcity of water resources and cities struggle to meet a growing demand, we face the challenge of finding more efficient ways to manage this vital resource. Cities in developing countries ...

Rivera, José Pablo (Rivera De la Mora), 1967-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Numerical Modeling of Coupled Groundwater and Surface Water Interactions in an Urban Setting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Dominguez Channel Watershed (DCW), located in the southern portion of Los Angeles County (Figure A.1), drains about 345 square miles into the Los Angeles Harbor. The cities and jurisdictions in DCW are shown in Figure A.2. The largest of these include the cities of Los Angeles, Carson, and Torrance. This watershed is unique in that 93% of its land area is highly developed (i.e. urbanized). The watershed boundaries are defined by a complex network of storm drains and flood control channels, rather than being defined by natural topography. Table (1) shows a summary of different land uses in the Dominguez Channel Watershed (MEC, 2004). The Dominguez Watershed has the highest impervious area of all watersheds in the Los Angeles region. The more impervious the surface, the more runoff is generated during a storm. Storm water runoff can carry previously accumulated contaminants and transport them into receiving water systems. Point sources such as industrial wastewater and municipal sewage as well as urban runoff from commercial, residential, and industrial areas are all recognized as contributors to water quality degradation at DWC. Section 303(d) of the 1972 Federal Clean Water Act (CWA) requires states to identify and report all waters not meeting water quality standards and to develop action plans to pursue the water quality objectives. These plans specify the maximum amount of a given pollutant that the water body of concern can receive and still meet water quality standards. Such plans are called Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs). TMDLs also specify allocations of pollutant loadings to point and non-point sources taking into account natural background pollutant levels. This demonstrates the importance of utilizing scientific tools, such as flow and transport models, to identify contaminant sources, understand integrated flow paths, and assess the effectiveness of water quality management strategies. Since overland flow is a very important component of the water balance and hydrology of DCW, a parallel, distributed watershed model that treats flow in groundwater and surface water in a dynamically coupled manner will be used to build a flow model of the watershed. This coupled model forms the basis for modeling and understanding the transport of contaminants through the Dominguez Channel Watershed, which can be used in designing and implementing TMDLs to manage the water quality in this basin. In this report, the coupled surface water-groundwater flow model of DCW will be presented. This flow model was calibrated against a storm that occurred in February 21st, 2004. The model and approach are explained further in the following sections.

Rihani, J F; Maxwell, R M

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

23

The Prospects for Social Business in Peri-Urban Water Supply: Employment and Household Welfare Impacts of the Grameen Veolia Venture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as pipes, spigots and jars. Masons are essential toselling water delivered in jars. These alterations to thethe program launched a jar business in peri-urban centers

Pierce, Gregory

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Effects of Synoptic-scale Wind under the Typical Summer Pressure Pattern on the Mesoscale High-Temperature Events in the Osaka and Kyoto Urban Areas in Japan by the WRF model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The actual conditions of the mesoscale summer high temperatures (HT) recorded in Osaka-Kyoto urban area in Japan were investigated by using our observation network. The daytime temperatures observed on ten HT events in this area were the highest ...

Yuya Takane; Yukitaka Ohashi; Hiroyuki Kusaka; Yoshinori Shigeta; Yukihiro Kikegawa

25

Parameterization of the Urban Water Budget with the Submesoscale Soil Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the hydrological component of the Submesoscale Soil Model, urbanized version (SM2-U). This model is an extension of the rural Interactions between Soil, Biosphere, and Atmosphere (ISBA) soil model to urban surfaces. It ...

Sylvain Dupont; Patrice G. Mestayer; Emmanuel Guilloteau; Emmanuel Berthier; Hervé Andrieu

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Spatial–Temporal Changes of Water Resources in a Typical Semiarid Basin of North China over the Past 50 Years and Assessment of Possible Natural and Socioeconomic Causes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrological processes in most semiarid regions on Earth have been changing under the impacts of climate change, human activities, or combinations of the two. This paper first presents a trend analysis of the spatiotemporal changes in water ...

Bin Yong; Liliang Ren; Yang Hong; Jonathan J. Gourley; Xi Chen; Jinwei Dong; Weiguang Wang; Yan Shen; Jill Hardy

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Assessing environmental improvement options from a water quality perspective for an urban-rural catchment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability of environmental systems to persist while experiencing sharp discontinuities is an issue of great importance to today's environmental managers and planners. This study quantified the relationship between land use and the total nitrogen (TN) ... Keywords: Decision-making support, Environmental improvement measure, Environmental index, Fertilizer, Numerical hydrological model, Urban sewage system

Goro Mouri; Seirou Shinoda; Taikan Oki

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Carbon and Water Resource Management for Water Distribution Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4 April, 2013. (4) 2010 Water Use Survey Summary Estimates –State Totals; Texas Water Development Board: Austin, TX,indicators for urban water systems. Urban Water. 2004, 4,

Hendrickson, Thomas Peter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Amending constructed roadside and urban soils with large volume-based compost applications: effects on water quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mineral nutrients imported in composted dairy manure (CDM) and municipal biosolid (CMB) amendments for highway-rights-of-way and urban landscapes can pose a threat to surface water quality. Treatments were developed to evaluate recommendations for amending roadside and urban soils with compost at large volumebased rates. Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) recommendations were evaluated in 2002 and 2003. Municipal recommendations were evaluated in 2004. Treatments were imposed on 4 by 1.5-m field plots on a constructed soil with an 8.5% slope. Three TxDOT compost application methods were tested; incorporation at 25% by volume (CMT), topdressing over vegetation (GUC), and topdressing a 5-cm compost woodchip mix over bare soil (ECC). In 2003, a 12.5% CMT treatment was substituted for the GUC, and two contrasting composts were compared. In 2002, soil test phosphorus (STP) concentrations (mg kg-1) were 291, 360, 410, and 1921 mg kg-1 in the 0 to 5-cm layer of a course textured CMT, fine textured CMT, GUC, and ECC treatments, respectively using CDM. In 2003, STP concentrations were 264, 439, 496,623, 1115, and 2203 mg kg-1, in the 0 to 5-cm layer after incorporation of CDM and CMB at the 12.5 and 25% volume-based rates, and topdressing the 5-cm CDM- or CMB-woodchip mix over bare soil, respectively. In 2004, contrasting CMB products, relatively low or high in total phosphorus (TP) were incorporated into the soil at 12.5 and 25% by volume, or imported in transplanted sod at the 25% by volume rate. The STP concentrations were 87, 147, 180, 301, 322, and 544 mg kg-1, respective to the previously defined treatments. Runoff water from 14, 10, and 8 natural rain events was used to characterize nutrient and sediment transport in 2002, 2003, and 2004, respectively. Concentration of TDP in runoff water was highly variable for roadside treatments across rain events. Mass losses of TDP were similar after CDM or CMB were incorporated into the soil at 12.5 and 25% by volume. Compost incorporation was the most effective method for limiting TP loss in runoff. Roadway and urban soils are expected to contribute greater TP losses as P concentration increases in soils.

Hansen, Nels Edward

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Water, Neighborhoods and Urban Design: Micro-Utilities and the Fifth Infrastructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systems for Water, Waste & Energy Pilots for Integrated On-which look at water/energy/waste holistically which haveHammarby has 3 different waste-to-energy systems: the first

Elmer, Vicki; Fraker, Harrison

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Water Infiltration and Permeability of Selected Urban Soils as Affected by Salinity and Sodicity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Soil sodicity is known to affect soil structural stability and permeability. However, the impact differs depending on salinity of irrigation water, soil types as well as irrigation management practices. This study examined water infiltration into two alluvial soils (Torrifluvents), and two upland soils (Paleorthid and Calciorthid, Aridisols) placed in greenhouse pots. For the first experiment, irrigation solutions simulating the Rio Grande water, city potable water, and two sources of reclaimed water (EC of 1.4 and 2.2 dS m-1 and SAR of 6 and 11) were applied twice a week at 1.7 cm per application for a total of 27 irrigation events using 46 cm of water. No significant effect of water quality was detected in Delnorte gravelly loam (Paleorthid) and a small effect on infiltration into Harkey silt loam (Torrifluvent). However, the use of distilled water curtailed infiltration mainly in Harkey soil. In the second greenhouse experiment using a carefully crafted soil packing and water application protocols, the impact of water quality on infiltration into two Torrifluvents, Harkey silt loam and Glendale silty clay loam appeared after water application of 40 to 50 cm (16" - 20"). When saline solutions were applied as deep as 10 cm per application, the infiltration time nearly doubled when SAR of the solution increased from 1 to 6 or 12 in alluvial soils, but not in Turney silty clay loam (Calciorthid, Aridisol). When the irrigation depth per application was reduced to 7.5, 5.0, and 2.5 cm per application, the difference in infiltration rate was markedly reduced. The impact of elevated sodicity (SAR of 6 to 12) on infiltration can be an issue in alluvial soils, but unlikely in upland soils at irrigation water salinity of 1 to 2 dS m-1.

Miyamoto, S.

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

32

A shallow water model for dense gas simulation in urban areas  

SciTech Connect

Large quantities of toxic chemicals are stored at industrial facilities and transported around the country via train and truck. In the event of an accidental release, many of these chemicals are released as heavier-than-air gases that stay low to the ground as they are transported by the wind . Breathing height concentrations can remain high due to reduced vertical mixing and hazard zone coverage area can be larger due to near-source gravitational slumping . A number of fast-response dense gas dispersion models have been developed and are routinely used to deal with heavier-than-air releases over unobstructed terrain. If a release were to occur in a built-up environment, however, the effects of buildings and other obstacles will significantly alter the initial spreading, the transport direction, and the amount of mixing of the dense gas cloud . We have developed a new fast-running dense gas dispersion model that is intended for handling releases in cities and at large industrial facilities. In this paper we describe the scheme employed and how the model has been integrated into the Quick Urban & Industrial Complex (QUIC) dispersion modeling system.

Brown, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Williams, Mike D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gowardhan, Akshay [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brambilla, Sara [POLITECNICO DI MILANO; Manca, Davide [POLITECNICO DI MILANO

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Integration of supply and demand for water in central Illinois urban areas. Research report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Water demand functions were estimated using two sets of data for Central Illinois -- community-wide data and household data. The community-wide data consist of total residential consumption for each of four pre-selected medium-sized cities in Central Illinois. The household data consist of residents from five cities who responded to a mail survey. The study investigates comparability of parameter estimates from the two approaches. If the parameter estimates are comparable, it would suggest water demand estimates need not require costly and time-consuming household surveys. Estimates of price elasticity are negative and less than unitary based on the two data sets used. The estimated price elasticity based on community-wide data is -.037, while using household data estimated price elasticities are in the range from -.14 to -.16. The reasons for these differences are not immediately apparent and warrant further investigation.

Miranda, C.S.; Braden, J.B.; Martin, W.E.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Potential Water and Energy Savings from Showerheads  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the California Urban Water Conservation Council through thethe California Urban Water Conservation Council. While thisto prioritize showerhead water conservation programs. In a

Biermayer, Peter J.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Building the urban river edge : proposed connections to the water at the foot of Boston's Beacon Hill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The core of this investigation is based on the design of built form at the public urban river edge. It proposes the transformation of a portion of public park edge into public built edge. The Esplanade embankment at the ...

Gorini, Daniel

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Urbanizing terrains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Urban "sprawl"in the East Attica area of Athens has dramatically changed the former rural economy in a manner consistent with the urbanizing terrain's underlying properties: agricultural subdivisions, existing centres, ...

Romanos, Christoforos

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Saving Water Saves Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of California’s Water Conservation Standards for ResidentialCalifornia Urban Water Conservation Council, 2006. http://http://www.nrdc.org/water/conservation/edrain/edrain.pdf

McMahon, James E.; Whitehead, Camilla Dunham; Biermayer, Peter

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Strategies for systemic urban constructed wetlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As a result of ubiquitous impermeable surfaces, conventional water management and stormwater infrastructure, and the resultant degradation of natural hydrologic networks, most American urban areas have suffered severely ...

Balderas-Guzmán, Celina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Spatial-temporal changes of water resources in a typical semi-arid basin of North China over the past 50 years and assessment of possible natural and socioeconomic causes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrological processes in most semi-arid regions on Earth have been changing under the impacts of climate change, human activities, or combinations of the two. This paper first presents a trend analysis of the spatiotemporal changes in water ...

Bin Yong; Liliang Ren; Yang Hong; Jonathan J. Gourley; Xi Chen; Jinwei Dong; Weiguang Wang; Yan Shen; Jill Hardy

40

A Critical Analysis of Technological Innovation and Economic Development in Southern California's Urban Water Reuse And Recycling Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Biotechnology Industry." Proceedings of the NationalAustralia’s Dynamic Water Industry: Fostering Excellence inEngineering Services Global Industry Report. Imagine H20,

Pilip-Florea, Shadrach Jay

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The strategic use of small scale water providers : an analysis of private-sector participation in peri-urban Maputo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During Portuguese colonial rule biased service provision throughout the 20th century resulted in a city that today has spatially segregated water services distinguishable along racial lines. In 1975, a newly independent ...

Bhatt, Jigar D. (Jigar Dinker)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Flexible urbanism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis seeks to find a new approach/method towards urbanization in existing low density neighborhoods in major metropolitan cities in the United States. The near South side of the city of Chicago (a city that carries ...

Anandam, Anahita

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Urban hopper.  

SciTech Connect

Hopping robots provide the possibility of breaking the link between the size of a ground vehicle and the largest obstacle that it can overcome. For more than a decade, DARPA and Sandia National Laboratories have been developing small-scale hopping robot technology, first as part of purely hopping platforms and, more recently, as part of platforms that are capable of both wheeled and hopping locomotion. In this paper we introduce the Urban Hopper robot and summarize its capabilities. The advantages of hopping for overcoming certain obstacles are discussed. Several configurations of the Urban Hopper are described, as are intelligent capabilities of the system. Key challenges are discussed.

Xavier, Patrick Gordon; Feddema, John Todd; Little, Charles Quentin; Spletzer, Barry Louis; Fischer, Gary John; Weagle, Christian A. (Boston Dynamics Waltham, MA); Salton, Jonathan Robert; Marron, Lisa Carol; Malchano, Matthew D. (Boston Dynamics Waltham, MA); Giarrantana, John (Boston Dynamics Waltham, MA); Murphy, Michael P. (Boston Dynamics Waltham, MA); Rizzi, Alfred A. (Boston Dynamics Waltham, MA); Buerger, Stephen P.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Review of Literature for Inputs to the National Water Savings Model and Spreadsheet Tool-Commercial/Institutional  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Resource Wise. 2007. Water Conservation Opportunities,California Urban Water Conservation Council, Sacramento CA4 p. California Urban Water Conservation Council (CUWCC).

Whitehead, Camilla Dunham

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Energy in the urban environment: the role of energy use and energy efficiency in buildings  

SciTech Connect

A century ago, the world had many cities of which the greatest were magnificent centers of culture and commerce. However, even in the most industrialized countries at the time, only a tiny fraction of the people lived in these cities. Most people lived in rural areas, in small towns, in villages, and on farms. Visits to a great city were, for most of the population, uncommon events often of great fascination. The world has changed dramatically in the intervening years. Now most of the industrial world lives in urban areas in close proximity to large cities. Industry is often located in these vast urban areas. As the urbanized zones grow in extent, they begin to approach one another, as on the East Coast of the United States. The phenomenon of urbanization has moved to developing countries as well. There has been a flood of migrants who have left impoverished rural areas to seek economic opportunities in urban areas throughout the developing world. This movement from the countryside to cities has changed the entire landscape and economies of developing nations. Importantly, the growth of cities places very great demands on infrastructure. Transportation systems are needed to assure that a concentrated population can receive food from the countryside without fail. They are needed to assure personal and work-related travel. Water supplies must be created, water must be purified and maintained pure, and this water must be made available to a large population. Medical services--and a host of other vital services--must be provided to the population. Energy is a vital underpinning of all these activities, and must be supplied to the city in large quantities. Energy is, in many ways, the enabler of all the other services on which the maintenance of urban life depends. In this paper, we will discuss the evolution of energy use in residential and commercial buildings. This topic goes beyond urban energy use, as buildings exist in both urban and non-urban areas. The topic does not address all energy use in cities--urban transportation is clearly important. However, buildings are the largest energy consumer in cities by a wide margin. (A typical Western home will consume at least five times as much energy as the typical car that services it.) As we note later, buildings consume more than one-third of total commercial energy globally. In developing countries, a large portion of energy use in buildings is in urban areas even though there are still large populations in rural areas. This is because vast quantities of non-commercial energy--residue from plants, farm products, forests and dung from animals--are used to provide the services needed in households (primarily cooking and water heating) in many rural areas. Most of industrial energy use (which accounts for slightly more than 40 percent of global energy use) is outside of urban areas. Thus, any effort to address energy use in urban areas needs necessarily to deal with the energy use in buildings.

Levine, Mark D.; Meier, Alan K.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Hydroelectric power provides a cheap source of electricity with few carbon emissions. Yet, reservoirs are not operated sustainably, which we define as meeting societal needs for water and power while protecting long-term health of the river ecosystem. Reservoirs that generate hydropower are typically operated with the goal of maximizing energy reve  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydroelectric power provides a cheap source of electricity with few carbon emissions. Yet, reservoirs are not operated sustainably, which we define as meeting societal needs for water and power while protecting long-term health of the river ecosystem. Reservoirs that generate hydropower are typically operated with the goal of maximizing energy revenue, while meeting other legal water requirements. Reservoir optimization schemes used in practice do not seek flow regimes that maximize aquatic ecosystem health. Here, we review optimization studies that considered environmental goals in one of three approaches. The first approach seeks flow regimes that maximize hydropower generation, while satisfying legal requirements, including environmental (or minimum) flows. Solutions from this approach are often used in practice to operate hydropower projects. In the second approach, flow releases from a dam are timed to meet water quality constraints on dissolved oxygen (DO), temperature and nutrients. In the third approach, flow releases are timed to improve the health of fish populations. We conclude by suggesting three steps for bringing multi-objective reservoir operation closer to the goal of ecological sustainability: (1) conduct research to identify which features of flow variation are essential for river health and to quantify these relationships, (2) develop valuation methods to assess the total value of river health and (3) develop optimal control softwares that combine water balance modelling with models that predict ecosystem responses to flow.

Jager, Yetta [ORNL; Smith, Brennan T [ORNL

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

A Systems Framework for Assessing Plumbing Products-Related Water Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scales. Eighth Annual Water Conservation Showcase. Santhe Environmental Benefits of Water Conservation BMPs. CUWCCBenefits of Urban Water Conservation: Final Report.

Williams, Alison

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Water Data Report: An Annotated Bibliography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Communications. New Mexico Water Conservation Program. (Lastincluding A Water Conservation Guide for Commercial,The Potential for Urban Water Conservation in California.

Dunham Whitehead, Camilla; Melody, Moya

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Mitigation, Adaptation, Uncertainty -- Growing Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UrbanLab is Sarah Dunn + Martin Felsen, with Lee Greenberg,Growing Water Martin Felsen and Sarah Dunn The Growing Water

Felsen, Martin; Dunn, Sarah

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Energy conservation in typical Asian countries  

SciTech Connect

Various policies and programs have been created to promote energy conservation in Asia. Energy conservation centers, energy conservation standards and labeling, commercial building codes, industrial energy use regulations, and utility demand-side management (DSM) are but a few of them. This article attempts to analyze the roles of these different policies and programs in seven typical Asian countries: China, Indonesia, Japan, Pakistan, South Korea, the Philippines, and Thailand. The conclusions show that the two most important features behind the success policies and programs are (1) government policy support and (2) long-run self-sustainability of financial support to the programs.

Yang, M. [International Inst. for Energy Conservation, Bangkok (Thailand); Rumsey, P. [Supersymmetry USA, Berkeley, CA (United States)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laws Envirosearch Institutional Controls NEPA Activities RCRA RQ*Calculator Water HSS Logo Water Laws Overview of water-related legislation affecting DOE sites Clean...

52

Wool and water.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Wool and Water is a creative work of 36 poems. This collection examines the relationship between the silent and vocal, between the pastoral and urban.… (more)

Frederick, Kira.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Water by truck in Mexico City  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supply of water to urban households by tanker truck in developing and advanced developing countries is often associated with early stages of urbanization or with the private markets on which water vendors serve households ...

Pike, Jill (Jill Susan)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Estimation of urban commuting patterns using cellphone network data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Commuting matrices are key for a variety of fields, including transportation engineering and urban planning. Up to now, these matrices have been typically generated from data obtained from surveys. Nevertheless, such approaches typically involve high ... Keywords: O-D matrix, call detail records, commuting patterns

Vanessa Frias-Martinez; Cristina Soguero; Enrique Frias-Martinez

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Sustainable and Energy Efficient Urban and Built Infrastructure Development: Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

loads); less than half of typical German energy usage and a third of those in U.S. · Most buildings have energy buildings · The buildings typically targeted energy intensity of 100 kWh/m2/year (excludes plugSustainable and Energy Efficient Urban and Built Infrastructure Development: Opportunities

de Weck, Olivier L.

56

Application Prospect Analysis of the Surface Water Source Heat-Pump in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface water resources in China are rather abundant and it can be use as the heat or cool source for heat pump. The winter surface water temperatures of 17 typical cities are investigated in December, and they are all distributed in the interval of 2~5?. The critical technical issue in the surface water heat pump is how to extract the freezing latent heat. The urban surface water supplying areas of 102 large or median cities in China are measured and counted. The supply area ratio, and mean heating or cooling need index are calculated separately and the 102 cities are classified by the three parameters. The data indicate that surface water can supply heat and cool source for 42.1% of the urban waterside buildings in China.

Zhang, C.; Zhuang, Z.; Huang, L.; Li, X.; Li, G.; Sun, D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Production and Handling Slide 42: Typical Depleted Cylinder Storage...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Typical Depleted Cylinder Storage Yard Skip Presentation Navigation First Slide Previous Slide Next Slide Last Presentation Table of Contents Typical Depleted Cylinder Storage Yard...

58

The Promise of Urban Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Promise of Urban Science. Purpose: ... Speakers: Steven E. Koonin Director NYU Center for Urban Science and Progress. Details: ...

2013-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

59

Swarm Intelligence for Urban Dynamics Modelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose swarm intelligence algorithms to deal with dynamical and spatial organization emergence. The goal is to model and simulate the developement of spatial centers using multi-criteria. We combine a decentralized approach based on emergent clustering mixed with spatial constraints or attractions. We propose an extension of the ant nest building algorithm with multi-center and adaptive process. Typically, this model is suitable to analyse and simulate urban dynamics like gentrification or the dynamics of the cultural equipment in urban area.

Ghnemat, Rawan; Bertelle, Cyrille [LITIS-University of Le Havre 25 rue Philippe Lebon-BP 540 76058 Le Havre cedex (France); Duchamp, Gerard H. E. [LIPN-University of Paris XIII 99 avenue Jean-Baptiste Clement 93430 Villetaneuse (France)

2009-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

60

Complete Urban Surface Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An observation program using ground and airborne thermal infrared radiometers is used to estimate the surface temperature of urban areas, taking into account the total active surface area. The authors call this the complete urban surface ...

J. A. Voogt; T. R. Oke

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Implementing an agricultural water conservation innovation among the urban public: an analysis of the pilot study phase of the San Antonio Evapotranspiration Project--a cooperative effort between the Texas Agricultural Extension Service--Bexar County Offices, Bexar County Master Gardeners, San Antonio Water Systems and Texas A&M University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing urbanization in this country continues to present many challenges and opportunities to education and research institutions, agribusiness, and public and private service agencies. These challenges have propelled the invention of countless innovations which, though perhaps originally intended for addressing rural agricultural dilemmas, eventually are transferred into the urban context to address different problems. One such technological innovation, which was originally aimed at addressing a rural agronomic problem, is being put to use in a creative manner in an urban setting. This innovation, first used to determine-nine accurate soil moisture need for semi-arid land crops, is potential-evapotranspiration (PET) data based irrigation scheduling. Allocation of water resources is an environmental issue that has become a regular element in immediate and long-term program agendas of organizations concerned with the future sutainability of agriculture in Bexar county. There is some argument about the wisest uses of it. Most agree, though, and regional studies are supportive, that one of the uses, turf irrigation, without a doubt needs to be managed more wisely. It is estimated that 40% of the municipal water is used to irrigate turf in the summer in San Antonio. Presently, recommendations for efficient application of water to turf, though specific and descriptive, rely ultimately upon the subjective evaluation of the irrigator. There are many lawn watering philosophies, most of which are not water efficient. Each turf variety has different water requirements. There is a profound need for taking the guesswork out of irrigating lawns. The Bexar County Office of the Texas Agricultural Extension Service actively promotes environmental stewardship" in its educational programs (Highlights, 1996). In Bexar County, one important aspect of sound environmental stewardship is to promote water conservation. One way this agency is currently carrying out this particular part of its mission is through a project that uses the evapotranpiration data technology mentioned above and promotes better understanding and application of water conservation measures in urban lawn irrigation practices. The project is a cooperative effort between San Antonio Water System (SAWS), The Texas Agricultural Extension Service in Bexar County, Texas A&M University (Department of Agricultural engineering), and the Bexar County Master Gardeners, Inc. Part of the overall project is a pilot study being conducted to test the best way of applying this water conservation method to irrigate lawns. Participants in this pilot study are residents of San Antonio and the surrounding area who have agreed to follow certain watering and lawncare protocol instructions, in exchange for free lawn fertilizer for the duration of participation, and priority status with Extension Agents when lawncare questions arise. There are many challenges that the project staff and participants must face in implementing this study if it is to be successful and provide adequate data to convince the general public to adopt this innovation. Conclusions regarding the nature and effectiveness of the project include that excellent communication between staff and participants, teamwork among staff and participant leaders, and a knowledge of the principles behind the adoption process during the remainder of the pilot study phase are essential to success of latter phases and effective adoption of this water conservation method on a larger scale. Reactions by participants, who have been involved in the implemetation of this pilot study to date, are encouraging. The positive consequences so far of educating and enabling only a very small group of citizens may indicate the potentially huge impact this project could have on large scale water conservation in Bexar County. iii

Reilly, Laura Lynne

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Essays on Water Resource Economics and Agricultural Extension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fixed fixed Residential water demand3.2 Residential Water Demand Estimation . . . . . . . . .Value of Supply Reliability in Urban Water Systems 3.1 Loss

Buck, Steven Charles

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Water supply analysis for restoring the Colorado River Delta, Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Pay for Additional Transboundary Water Flows from the US.2001). "Improving California Water Management: Optimizingloss functions to value urban water scarcity in California."

Medellin-Azuara, Josue; Lund, Jay R.; Howitt, Richard E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Water resources planning under climate change and variability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scenario to Climatic Changes. Water Resources Management 19:2006) Quantifying the Urban Water Supply Impacts of Climateto the Shape of Supply? Water Demand Under Heterogeneous

O'Hara, Jeffrey Keith

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

CITY DRAIN © - An open source approach for simulation of integrated urban drainage systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the last years design procedures of urban drainage systems have shifted from end of pipe design criteria to ambient water quality approaches requiring integrated models of the system for evaluation of measures. Emphasis is put on the improvement of ... Keywords: CITY DRAIN ©, CSO, Integrated urban drainage modeling, RTC, Receiving water, Sewer system, Simulink ©, Water quality

Stefan Achleitner; Michael Möderl; Wolfgang Rauch

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Physical Modeling of Flow Field inside Urban Street Canyons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The flow characteristics inside urban street canyons were studied in a laboratory water channel. The approaching flow direction was horizontal and perpendicular to the street axis. The street width was adjusted to form street canyons of aspect ...

Xian-Xiang Li; Dennis Y. C. Leung; Chun-Ho Liu; K. M. Lam

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Urban food waste composting.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis, a study was undertaken on the premise that the world population living in urban centers is expected to increase from 3.8 billion… (more)

Adhikari, Bijaya K.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Downtown living: for families? : the Vancouver, BC urban livability experience and lessons for other cities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Across North America, downtowns are experiencing revitalization and population growth, as "urban pioneers" are making their homes in city centers. While downtowns are typically thought of as places for empty nesters and ...

Loewus, Sabra Elysia

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Rethinking walled residential compound in peripheral urban China : a guideline for boundary and size design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the last two decades, with the high speed urbanization, walled residential compound as the typical housing development is being constructed on a large scale in peripheral areas of Chinese cities. Its self-enclosing ...

Sun, Na

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Turbulent Kinetic Energy in the Oklahoma City Urban Environment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A major field experiment, Joint URBAN 2003 (JU2003), was conducted in Oklahoma City in July 2003 to collect meteorological and tracer data sets for evaluating dispersion models in urban areas. The Department of Homeland Security and the Defense Threat Reduction Agency were the primary sponsors of JU2003. Investigators from five Department of Energy national laboratories, several other government agencies, universities, private companies, and international agencies conducted the experiment. Observations to characterize the meteorology in and around the urban area complemented the observation of the dispersion of SF6, an inert tracer gas. Over one hundred threedimensional sonic anemometers were deployed in and around the urban area to monitor wind speed, direction, and turbulence fluxes during releases of SF6. Sonic deployment locations included a profile of eight sonic anemometers mounted on a crane less than 1 km north of the central business district (CBD). Using data from these and other sonic anemometers deployed in the urban area, we can quantify the effect of the urban area on atmospheric turbulence and compare results seen in OKC to those in other urban areas to assess the parameters typically used in parameterizations of urban turbulence.

Lundquist, J; Leach, M; Gouveia, F

2004-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

71

Analysis of the Urban Thermal Fingerprint of the City of Trento in the Alps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The temperature contrasts typically marking urban heat island (UHI) effects in the city of Trento, Italy, located in an Alpine valley and inhabited in its inner urban area by a population of about 56 000, are investigated. Time series of air ...

Lorenzo Giovannini; Dino Zardi; Massimiliano de Franceschi

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

How much electricity does a typical nuclear power plant generate ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

How much electricity does a typical nuclear power plant generate? ... tariff, and demand charge data? How is electricity used in U.S. homes?

73

An Integrated Strategy for Whole Ecological Utilization of Typical ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of typical industrial solid wastes, such as titanium-bearing blast furnace slag, high-silicon iron tailing and boron-enriched slag as well as oil shale.

74

Nuclear outages back within typical range since July following ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. nuclear generator outages were above the levels of the previous four years in the second quarter of 2011 but have returned to more typical ...

75

COMPARATIVE STUDY ON EXHAUST EMISSIONS FROM DIESEL- AND CNG-POWERED URBAN BUSES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Couple years ago, ADEME engaged programs dedicated to the urban buses exhaust emissions studies. The measures associated with the reduction of atmospheric and noise pollution has particular importance in the sector of urban buses. In many cases, they illustrate the city's environmental image and contribute to reinforcing the attractiveness of public transport. France's fleet in service, presently put at about 14,000 units, consumes about 2 per cent of the total energy of city transport. It causes about 2 per cent of the HC emissions and from 4 to 6 per cent of the NOx emissions and particles. These vehicles typically have a long life span (about 15 years) and are relatively expensive to buy, about 150.000 euros per unit. Several technical solutions were evaluated to quantify, on a real condition cycle for buses, on one hand pollutants emissions, fuel consumption and on the other hand reliability, cost in real existing fleet. This paper presents main preliminary results on urban buses exhaust emission on two different cases: - existing Diesel buses, with fuel modifications (Diesel with low sulphur content), Diesel with water emulsion and bio-Diesel (30% oil ester in standard Diesel fuel); renovating CNG powered Euro II buses fleet, over representative driving cycles, set up by ADEME and partners. On these cycles, pollutants (regulated and unregulated) were measured as well as fuel consumption, at the beginning of a program and one year after to quantify reliability and increase/decrease of pollutants emissions. At the same time, some after-treatment technologies were tested under real conditions and several vehicles. Information such as fuel consumption, lubricant analysis, problem on the technology were following during a one year program. On the overall level, it is the combination of various action, pollution-reduction and renewal that will make it possible to meet the technological challenge of reducing emissions and fuel consumption by urban bus networks.

COROLLER, P; PLASSAT, G

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

76

Typicality ranking via semi-supervised multiple-instance learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most of the existing methods for natural scene categorization only consider whether a sample is relevant or irrelevant to a particular concept. However, for the samples relevant to a certain concept, their typicalities or relevancy scores to the concept ... Keywords: multiple-instance learning, natural scene categorization, semi-supervised learning, typicality ranking

Jinhui Tang; Xian-Sheng Hua; Guo-Jun Qi; Xiuqing Wu

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Estimating solar access of typical residential rooftops: A case study in San Jose, CA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

planting programme in California. Urban Forestry & UrbanCEC PV Calculator 2.3. California Energy Commission. Onlinecalculator.html CPRC. 2008. California Public Resources Code

Levinson, Ronnen M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Statistical estimation of water distribution system pipe break risk.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The deterioration of pipes in urban water distribution systems is of concern to water utilities throughout the world. This deterioration generally leads to pipe breaks… (more)

Yamijala, Shridhar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Fuzzy model in urban planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents application of a fuzzy logic in urban planning. Urban environment quality evaluation is an important part of environmental planning and management. Traditional theory does not give as good evaluation as the fuzzy set theory, which ... Keywords: GIS, fuzzy logic, urban evaluation, urban planning

Jasna Pleho; Zikrija Avdagic

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Urban Enterprise Zone Program (New Jersey) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Urban Enterprise Zone Program (New Jersey) Urban Enterprise Zone Program (New Jersey) Urban Enterprise Zone Program (New Jersey) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Enterprise Zone New Jersey's Urban Enterprise (UEZ) Program operates under the Department of Community Affairs. The UEZ Program exists to foster an economic climate that revitalizes designated urban communities and stimulates their growth by encouraging businesses to develop and create private sector jobs through public and private investment. Applicant businesses must be registered, located in one of the designated zones, be in tax compliance with the state, and certified by the Program.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Water+works : a new ecological infrastructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the global water crisis as catalyst, Water+Works acts as a model for a localized water initiative that will mitigate flooding and provide a freshwater resource in times of crisis, while enriching urban ecosystems and ...

Hedstrom, Lisa Kristin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Urban Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Urban Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Urban Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Urban...

83

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Urban Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Urban Electric Vehicles Toyota Urban Electric Vehicle Urban electric vehicles (UEVs) are regular passenger vehicles with top speeds of about 60 miles per hour (mph) and a...

84

Energy Use Savings for a Typical New Residential Dwelling Unit...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PNNL-88603 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 Energy Use Savings for a Typical New Residential Dwelling Unit Based on the 2009 and 2012...

85

Towards sustainable urban communities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Requirements for the assessment tools of buildings have increased, assessing of building components or separate buildings is not enough. Neighbourhoods, built environment, public transportations, and services, should be considered simultaneously. Number of population living in urban areas is high and increasing rapidly. Urbanisation is a major concern due to its detrimental effects on the environment. The aim of this study is to clarify the field of assessment tools for urban communities by analysing the current situation. The focus is on internationally well known assessment tools; BREEAM Communities, CASBEE for Urban Development and LEED for Neigborhood Development. The interest towards certification systems is increasing amongst the authorities, and especially amongst the global investors and property developers. Achieved certifications are expected to bring measureable publicity for the developers. The assessment of urban areas enables the comparison of municipalities and urban areas, and notably supports decision making processes. Authorities, city planners, and designers would benefit most from the use of the tools during the decision making process. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The urban assessment tools have strong linkage to the region. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The tools promote complementary building and retrofitting existing sites. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sharing knowledge and experiences is important in the development of the tools.

Haapio, Appu, E-mail: appu.haapio@vtt.fi

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

86

Hydraulic design model of underground bioretention system: a source control measure for wet weather urban stormwater management.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The conventional practices of urbanization, land use strategies and stormwater management are considerably increasing the risk of wet weather flooding, downstream erosion and water pollution.… (more)

Uddin, Zulhash

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

PLANNING FOR WATER CONSERVATION Greater Vancouver Regional District  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in urban areas around the globe, yet per capita water consumption continues to increase. Faced with increasing populations and costs associated with urban growth--related to infrastructure, energy, operation

88

Land Use and Water Quality on California's Central Coast: Nutrient Levels in Coastal Waterways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pollution originating from urban and agricul- tural landrefers to pollution that occurs when water runs over land or

Los Huertos, Marc; Gentry, Lowell; Shennan, Carol

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Urban Song Paths: place resounding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The project Urban Song Paths took a traditional musical form, the Kaluli song path from Papua, New Guinea, and translated it for a contemporary urban situation. The Two Rivers Project explored a classic song path subject, the route of a ...

Viv Corringham

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Energy-Efficient Lighting The typical American family spends more  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) saves you money in the long run with lower energy bills. CFLs are significant Typical incandescent 75-watt light bulb Compact Fluorescent 18-watt light bulb Purchase cost $0.60 $ 5 that incandescent bulbs use becomes heat while only 10 percent becomes light. CFLs create less heat because more

91

A sustainable urban center refurbishment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the last century a vast new building construction activity was verified. The old urban centers were abandoned and new housing areas grew up without comply with sustainable principles. The great architectural and urban value of these centers led ... Keywords: indicators, refurbishment, sustainability, urban center

Ana Karina Lopes; Fernanda Rodrigues; Victor M. Ferreira; Romeu Vicente

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

The urban coffee shop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is an investigation of the role of the coffee shop in the urban environment throughout history. Coffee shops spread from the Arab world to Europe and then to the U.S. at the end of the seventeenth century. ...

Chadios, Konstantinos

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Computationally unifying urban masterplanning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Architectural design, particularly in large scale masterplanning projects, has yet to fully undergo the computational revolution experienced by other design-led industries such as automotive and aerospace. These industries use computational frameworks ... Keywords: architectural analysis, architectural design, engineering analysis, unification, urban masterplanning

David Birch; Paul H. J. Kelly; Anthony J. Field; Alvise Simondetti

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Maximum Photovoltaic Penetration Levels on Typical Distribution Feeders: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents simulation results for a taxonomy of typical distribution feeders with various levels of photovoltaic (PV) penetration. For each of the 16 feeders simulated, the maximum PV penetration that did not result in steady-state voltage or current violation is presented for several PV location scenarios: clustered near the feeder source, clustered near the midpoint of the feeder, clustered near the end of the feeder, randomly located, and evenly distributed. In addition, the maximum level of PV is presented for single, large PV systems at each location. Maximum PV penetration was determined by requiring that feeder voltages stay within ANSI Range A and that feeder currents stay within the ranges determined by overcurrent protection devices. Simulations were run in GridLAB-D using hourly time steps over a year with randomized load profiles based on utility data and typical meteorological year weather data. For 86% of the cases simulated, maximum PV penetration was at least 30% of peak load.

Hoke, A.; Butler, R.; Hambrick, J.; Kroposki, B.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Signatures of Heating and Cooling Energy Consumption for Typical AHUs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analysis is performed to investigate the signatures of different parameters on the heating and cooling energy consumption of typical air handling units (AHUs). The results are presented in graphic format. HVAC simulation engineers can use these graphs to make quick and rational decisions during the model calibration, identify faulty parameters, and develop optimized operation and control schedules. An application example is given as well in the paper.

Wei, G.; Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Air Quality, Transportation, Health, and Urban Planning: Making the Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Air Quality, Transportation, Health, and Urban Planning: Making the Links Air Quality, Transportation, Health, and Urban Planning: Making the Links Speaker(s): Julian Marshall Date: May 18, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Thomas McKone It is well documented that exposure to ambient air pollution at concentrations typically found in U.S. cities causes significant health effects. Reducing exposure to air pollution is a large, long-term goal for the environmental health community. In this talk, I will address three questions: 1) How should we prioritize emission reduction efforts? 2) Can urban planning help reduce exposure to air pollution? 3) Are there correlations between exposure to air pollution and demographic attributes such as ethnicity and income? I use three case studies to address these

97

Surface Urban Heat Island Across 419 Global Big Cities Shushi Peng,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the quality of the city life from the aspects of energy consumption, air and water quality, and human health-8 As urbanization is accelerating across the world,9 especially in developing countries such as China and India,9,13 Urban heat island intensity is often quantified by the difference in air temperature between a weather

Myneni, Ranga B.

98

Impact of Urban Growth on Surface Climate: A Case Study in Oran, Algeria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors develop a land use map discriminating urban surfaces from other cover types over a semiarid region in North Africa and use it in a land surface model to assess the impact of urbanized land on surface energy, water, and carbon ...

Lahouari Bounoua; Abdelmounaine Safia; Jeffrey Masek; Christa Peters-Lidard; Marc L. Imhoff

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Evaluation of a Fast-Running Urban Dispersion Modeling System Using Joint Urban 2003 Field Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An urban dispersion modeling system was evaluated using the Joint Urban 2003 field data. The system consists of a fast-running urban airflow model (RUSTIC, for Realistic Urban Spread and Transport of Intrusive Contaminants) that is coupled with a ...

Eric A. Hendricks; Steve R. Diehl; Donald A. Burrows; Robert Keith

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

A generalized window energy rating system for typical office buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detailed computer simulation programs require lengthy inputs, and cannot directly provide an insight to relationship between the window energy performance and the key window design parameters. Hence, several window energy rating systems (WERS) for residential houses and small buildings have been developed in different countries. Many studies showed that utilization of daylight through elaborate design and operation of windows leads to significant energy savings in both cooling and lighting in office buildings. However, the current WERSs do not consider daylighting effect, while most of daylighting analyses do not take into account the influence of convective and infiltration heat gains. Therefore, a generalized WERS for typical office buildings has been presented, which takes all primary influence factors into account. The model includes embodied and operation energy uses and savings by a window to fully reflect interactions among the influence parameters. Reference locations selected for artificial lighting and glare control in the current common simulation practice may cause uncompromised conflicts, which could result in over- or under-estimated energy performance. Widely used computer programs, DOE2 and ADELINE, for hourly daylighting and cooling simulations have their own weaknesses, which may result in unrealistic or inaccurate results. An approach is also presented for taking the advantages of the both programs and avoiding their weaknesses. The model and approach have been applied to a typical office building of Hong Kong as an example to demonstrate how a WERS in a particular location can be established and how well the model can work. The energy effect of window properties, window-to-wall ratio (WWR), building orientation and lighting control strategies have been analyzed, and can be indicated by the localized WERS. An application example also demonstrates that the algebraic WERS derived from simulation results can be easily used for the optimal design of windows in buildings similar to the typical buildings. (author)

Tian, Cheng; Chen, Tingyao; Yang, Hongxing; Chung, Tse-ming [Research Center for Building Environmental Engineering, Department of Building Services Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong (China)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Is the Sun Embedded in a Typical Interstellar Cloud?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The physical properties and kinematics of the partially ionized interstellar material near the Sun are typical of warm diffuse clouds in the solar vicinity. The interstellar magnetic field at the heliosphere and the kinematics of nearby clouds are naturally explained in terms of the S1 superbubble shell. The interstellar radiation field at the Sun appears to be harder than the field ionizing ambient diffuse gas, which may be a consequence of the low opacity of the tiny cloud surrounding the heliosphere. The spatial context of the Local Bubble is consistent with our location in the Orion spur.

P. C. Frisch

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

102

Urban Network Practices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the findings of an underground distribution practices immersion conducted by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) with Duke Energy Ohio. This immersion was conducted as part of a multiyear effort by EPRI to identify noteworthy practices in managing urban network systems. More specifically, this report profiles the practices (people, processes, and technology) in place at Duke Energy Ohio, a company serving the Cincinnati, Ohio, metropolitan area. In addition, this report hig...

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

103

Urban Network System Practices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the results of Phase I of a multi-year effort to identify noteworthy practices in managing urban network systems. The report profiles the practices (people, processes, and technology) in place at two host utilities: Seattle City Light (SCL), a small (375,000 customers) municipal utility, and Consolidated Edison (Con Edison), a large (3.2 million customers) investor-owned utility. The results illustrate the similarities and differences between the two utilities, describe the challeng...

2008-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

104

Urban Network Practices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the findings of an underground distribution practices immersion conducted by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) with National Grid. This immersion was conducted as part of a multiyear effort by EPRI to identify noteworthy practices in managing urban network systems. National Grid's U.S. operations, headquartered in Waltham, Massachusetts, serves customers through secondary network systems in multiple cities in New York and New England. This report profiles the practices (p...

2012-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

105

Urban Network Systems Practices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the findings of an underground distribution practices immersion conducted by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) with CenterPoint Energy (CenterPoint). This immersion was conducted as part of a multiyear effort by EPRI to identify noteworthy practices in managing urban network systems. The report profiles the practices (that is, people, processes, and technology) in place at CenterPoint, a company serving the Houston, Texas, metropolitan area. This report is one of a serie...

2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

106

An integrated monitoring/modeling framework for assessing human-nature interactions in urbanizing watersheds: Wappinger and Onondaga Creek watersheds, New York, USA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In much of the world, rapidly expanding areas of impervious surfaces due to urbanization threaten water resources. Although tools for modeling and projecting land use change and water quantity and quality exist independently, to date it is rare to find ... Keywords: Impervious surface, Remote sensing, Socio-economic factors, Uncertainty, Urbanization, Water resources

Bongghi Hong; Karin E. Limburg; Myrna H. Hall; Giorgos Mountrakis; Peter M. Groffman; Karla Hyde; Li Luo; Victoria R. Kelly; Seth J. Myers

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Meteorology: typical meteorological data for selected stations in Ghana  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

data for selected stations in Ghana data for selected stations in Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each TMY is a data set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. The container file contains one TMY file for each selected station in the region, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations> (Supplemental Information): A TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year. The intended use is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years. Because they represent typical rather than extreme conditions, they are not suited for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location.

108

Meteorology: typical meteorological year data for selected stations in Sri  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A data set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): A TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year. The intended use is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years. Because they represent typical rather than extreme conditions, they are not suited for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location.

109

Meteorology: typical meteorological year data for selected stations in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from NREL Kenya from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each TMY is a data set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. The container file contains one TMY file for each selected station in the region, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): A TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year. The intended use is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years. Because they represent typical rather than extreme conditions, they are not suited for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location.

110

Meteorology: typical meteorological year data for selected stations in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from NREL Ethiopia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each TMY is a data set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. The container file contains one TMY file for each selected station in the region, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): A TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year. The intended use is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years. Because they represent typical rather than extreme conditions, they are not suited for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions

111

Meteorology: typical meteorological year data for selected stations in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil from NREL Brazil from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each TMY is a data set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. The container file contains one TMY file for each selected station in the region, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): A TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year. The intended use is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years. Because they represent typical rather than extreme conditions, they are not suited for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location.

112

Meteorology: typical meteorological year data for selected stations in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from NREL Nepal from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each TMY is a data set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. The container file contains one TMY file for each selected station in the region, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): A TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year. The intended use is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years. Because they represent typical rather than extreme conditions, they are not suited for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location.

113

Extending the Model of Residential Water Conservation Nature and Scope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

d e l of Residential Water Conservation Nature and Scope ByK e y W o r d s : Urban Water conservation and demand, waterof price-induced water conservation with other drought

Corral, Leonardo; Fisher, Anthony; Hatch, Nile W

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

A Study of the Urban Boundary Layer Using Different Urban Parameterizations and High-Resolution Urban Canopy Parameters with WRF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the last two decades, mesoscale models (MMs) with urban canopy parameterizations have been widely used to study urban boundary layer processes. Different studies show that such parameterizations are sensitive to the urban canopy parameters (...

Francisco Salamanca; Alberto Martilli; Mukul Tewari; Fei Chen

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Finding home : making a place for the homeless in the urban landscape  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Is homelessness a problem? What if you considered homelessness to be a state, rather than a problem, and provided for it accordingly in the urban landscape? As roads and water and sewer lines are one type of infrastructure, ...

Cheng, Marissa A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

A Review of Current Investigations of Urban-Induced Rainfall and Recommendations for the Future  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precipitation is a key link in the global water cycle and a proxy for changing climate; therefore, proper assessment of the urban environment’s impact on precipitation (land use, aerosols, thermal properties) will be increasingly important in ...

J. Marshall Shepherd

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

A water quality assessment of the import of turfgrass sod grown with composted dairy manure into a suburban watershed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) have caused water quality concerns in many rural watersheds, sometimes forcing the State of Texas to conduct Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) assessments of stream nutrients such as nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P). One suggested Best Management Practice (BMP) is the export of phosphorus (P) through turfgrass sod produced with composted dairy manure from an impaired rural watershed to an urban watershed. The manure-grown sod releases P slowly and would not require additional P fertilizer for up to 20 years in the receiving watershed. This would eliminate P application to the sod and improve the water quality of urban streams. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) was used to model a typical suburban watershed that would receive the transplanted sod. The objective of the modeling was to determine the water quality changes due to the import of sod transplanted from turf fields and grown with composted dairy manure. The SWAT model was calibrated to simulate historical flow and sediment and nutrient loading to Mary's Creek. The total P stream loading to Mary's Creek was lower when manure-grown sod was imported instead of commercial sod grown with inorganic fertilizers. Yet, flow, sediment yield, and total N yield increased equally for both cases at the watershed outlet. The SWAT simulations indicate that a turfgrass BMP can be used effectively to import manure P into an urban watershed and reduce in-stream P levels when compared to sod grown with inorganic fertilizers.

Richards, Chad Edward

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

The Sun. A typical star in the solar neighborhood?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Sun is used as the fundamental standard in chemical abundance studies, thus it is important to know whether the solar abundance pattern is representative of the solar neighborhood. Albeit at low precision (0.05 - 0.10 dex) the Sun seems to be a typical solar-metallicity disk star, at high precision (0.01 dex) its abundance pattern seems abnormal when compared to solar twins. The Sun shows a deficiency of refractory elements that could be due to the formation of terrestrial planets. The formation of giant planets may also introduce a signature in the chemical composition of stars. We discuss both planet signatures and also the enhancement of neutron-capture elements in the solar twin 18 Sco.

Melendez, Jorge

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Determination of selected elements in SRM 1548a typical diet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutron activation analysis (NAA), including instrumental NAA (INAA) and radiochemical NAA, is one of the primary analytical techniques used for the certification of elemental content in biological standard reference materials (SRMs) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). SRM 1548a, which is a freeze-dried mixture of typical diet composite based on foods consumed in the United States was analyzed for aluminum, calcium, chlorine, potassium, manganese, and sodium by INAA. This analysis is a part of an ongoing effort to improve the quality of the SRMs by understanding and minimizing all known sources of errors or interferences in NAA. To perform highly accurate INAA, the system was calibrated using multiple primary standards. Homogeneity was also measured for these six elements in 12 samples of SRM 1548a in 250-mg sample sizes. The control samples were used to internally evaluate and cross-check the NAA method.

Tandon, L. [North American Scientific, North Hollywood, CA (United States); Garrity, K.M.; Becker, D.A. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

120

Predicting aerodynamic characteristic of typical wind turbine airfoils using CFD  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An investigation was conducted into the capabilities and accuracy of a representative computational fluid dynamics code to predict the flow field and aerodynamic characteristics of typical wind-turbine airfoils. Comparisons of the computed pressure and aerodynamic coefficients were made with wind tunnel data. This work highlights two areas in CFD that require further investigation and development in order to enable accurate numerical simulations of flow about current generation wind-turbine airfoils: transition prediction and turbulence modeling. The results show that the laminar-to turbulent transition point must be modeled correctly to get accurate simulations for attached flow. Calculations also show that the standard turbulence model used in most commercial CFD codes, the k-e model, is not appropriate at angles of attack with flow separation. 14 refs., 28 figs., 4 tabs.

Wolfe, W.P. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Ochs, S.S. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Aerospace Engineering Dept.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Local Climate Zones for Urban Temperature Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of urban development on local thermal climate is widely documented in scientific literature. Observations of urban–rural air temperature differences—or urban heat islands (UHIs)—have been reported for cities and regions worldwide, often with ...

I. D. Stewart; T. R. Oke

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

A Laboratory Model of Urban Street-Canyon Flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A circulating water channel is constructed to examine urban street-canyon flow. In the cases of an even-notch street canyon in which model buildings on both sides of the street have equal heights, one vortex is observed in model canyons with ...

Jong-Jin Baik; Rae-Seol Park; Hye-Yeong Chun; Jae-Jin Kim

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

OPPORTUNITY COST OF LAND AND URBAN GROWTH.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines the impact of the opportunity cost of urban land on urban growth. Based on prices, costs and productivity data on agricultural commodities… (more)

Jiang, Bo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Waste Landscapes: [Re]valuing Urban Marginalia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Cities in North America are undergoing an organizational shift as urbanization increasingly expands outward, horizontally and diffusely. Left in the wake of decentralization and urban… (more)

Claus, Eric R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Scenario analysis for the role of sanitation infrastructures in integrated urban wastewater management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditionally, the sanitation infrastructures of most of the Urban Wastewater Systems (UWSs) have been managed individually, without considering the many relationships among the sewer systems, Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTPs) and receiving waters. ... Keywords: Ammonia concentration, Catchment, Expert knowledge, Management scenarios, Model integration, Sanitation infrastructure control, Water Framework Directive, Water quality

F. Devesa; J. Comas; C. Turon; A. Freixó; F. Carrasco; M. Poch

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Wynkoop Building Performance Measurement: Water  

SciTech Connect

This report is a summary of the water analysis performance for the Denver, Colorado Wynkoop Building. The Wynkoop Building (Figure 1) was built in 2006 as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 8 Headquarters intended to house over 900 occupants in the 301,292 gross square feet (248,849 rentable square feet). The building was built on a brownfield in the Lower Downtown Historic District as part of an urban redevelopment effort. The building was designed and constructed through a public-private partnership with the sustainable design elements developed jointly by General Services Administration (GSA) and EPA. That partnership is still active with all parties still engaged to optimize building operations and use the building as a Learning Laboratory. The building design achieved U.S. Green Building Council Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design for New Construction (LEED-NC) Gold Certification in 2008 (Figure 2) and a 2008 EPA Energy Star Rating of 96 with design highlights that include: (1) Water use was designed to use 40% less than a typical design baseline. The design included low flow fixtures, waterless urinals and dual flush toilets; (2) Native and adaptive vegetation were selected to minimize the need for irrigation water for landscaping; and (3) Energy use intensity was modeled at 66.1 kBtus/gross square foot, which is 39% better than ASHRAE 90.1 1999. The Wynkoop Building water use (10 gallons/square foot) was measured at lower than industry average (15 gallons/square foot) and GSA goals (13 gallons/square foot), however, it was higher than building management expected it would be. The type of occupants and number of occupants can have a significant impact on fixture water use. The occupancy per floor varied significantly over the study time period, which added uncertainty to the data analysis. Investigation of the fixture use on the 2nd, 5th, and 7th floors identified potential for water use reduction if the flush direction of the dual-flush toilet handles was reversed. The building management retrofitted the building's toilets with handles that operated on reduced flush when pushed down (0.8 gallons) and full flush when pulled up (1.1 gallons). The water pressure on the 5th floor (< 30 psi) is less than half the pressure on the 7th floor (>80 psi). The measured water savings post-retrofit was lower on the 5th floor than the 7th floor. The differences in water pressure may have had an impact on the quantity of water used per floor. The second floor water use was examined prior to and following the toilet fixture retrofit. This floor is where conference rooms for non-building occupants are available for use, thus occupancy is highly variable. The 3-day average volume per flush event was higher post-retrofit (0.79 gallons per event), in contrast to pre-retrofit (0.57 gallons per event). There were 40% more flush events post retrofit, which impacted the findings. Water use in the third floor fitness center was also measured for a limited number of days. Because of water line accessibility, only water use on the men's side of the fitness center was measured and from that the total fitness center water use was estimated. Using the limited data collected, the fitness center shower water use is approximately 2% of the whole building water use. Overall water use in the Wynkoop Building is below the industry baseline and GSA expectations. The dual flush fixture replacement appears to have resulted in additional water savings that are expected to show a savings in the total annual water use.

Fowler, Kimberly M.; Kora, Angela R.

2012-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

127

Wynkoop Building Performance Measurement: Water  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a summary of the water analysis performance for the Denver, Colorado Wynkoop Building. The Wynkoop Building (Figure 1) was built in 2006 as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 8 Headquarters intended to house over 900 occupants in the 301,292 gross square feet (248,849 rentable square feet). The building was built on a brownfield in the Lower Downtown Historic District as part of an urban redevelopment effort. The building was designed and constructed through a public-private partnership with the sustainable design elements developed jointly by General Services Administration (GSA) and EPA. That partnership is still active with all parties still engaged to optimize building operations and use the building as a Learning Laboratory. The building design achieved U.S. Green Building Council Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design for New Construction (LEED-NC) Gold Certification in 2008 (Figure 2) and a 2008 EPA Energy Star Rating of 96 with design highlights that include: (1) Water use was designed to use 40% less than a typical design baseline. The design included low flow fixtures, waterless urinals and dual flush toilets; (2) Native and adaptive vegetation were selected to minimize the need for irrigation water for landscaping; and (3) Energy use intensity was modeled at 66.1 kBtus/gross square foot, which is 39% better than ASHRAE 90.1 1999. The Wynkoop Building water use (10 gallons/square foot) was measured at lower than industry average (15 gallons/square foot) and GSA goals (13 gallons/square foot), however, it was higher than building management expected it would be. The type of occupants and number of occupants can have a significant impact on fixture water use. The occupancy per floor varied significantly over the study time period, which added uncertainty to the data analysis. Investigation of the fixture use on the 2nd, 5th, and 7th floors identified potential for water use reduction if the flush direction of the dual-flush toilet handles was reversed. The building management retrofitted the building's toilets with handles that operated on reduced flush when pushed down (0.8 gallons) and full flush when pulled up (1.1 gallons). The water pressure on the 5th floor (80 psi). The measured water savings post-retrofit was lower on the 5th floor than the 7th floor. The differences in water pressure may have had an impact on the quantity of water used per floor. The second floor water use was examined prior to and following the toilet fixture retrofit. This floor is where conference rooms for non-building occupants are available for use, thus occupancy is highly variable. The 3-day average volume per flush event was higher post-retrofit (0.79 gallons per event), in contrast to pre-retrofit (0.57 gallons per event). There were 40% more flush events post retrofit, which impacted the findings. Water use in the third floor fitness center was also measured for a limited number of days. Because of water line accessibility, only water use on the men's side of the fitness center was measured and from that the total fitness center water use was estimated. Using the limited data collected, the fitness center shower water use is approximately 2% of the whole building water use. Overall water use in the Wynkoop Building is below the industry baseline and GSA expectations. The dual flush fixture replacement appears to have resulted in additional water savings that are expected to show a savings in the total annual water use.

Fowler, Kimberly M.; Kora, Angela R.

2012-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

128

Water Cooling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cooling: Cooling: Water cooling is commonly defined as a method of using water as a heat conduction to remove heat from an object, machine, or other substance by passing cold water over or through it. In energy generation, water cooling is typically used to cool steam back into water so it can be used again in the generation process. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Water Cooling Typical water cooled condenser used for condensing steam Water or liquid cooling is the most efficient cooling method and requires the smallest footprint when cold water is readily available. When used in power generation the steam/vapor that exits the turbine is condensed back into water and reused by means of a heat exchanger. Water cooling requires a water resource that is cold enough to bring steam, typically

129

On the Derivation of Material Thermal Properties Representative of Heterogeneous Urban Neighborhoods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important question arises when modeling a heterogeneous landscape (e.g., an urbanized area) with a mesoscale atmospheric model. The surface within a grid cell of the model (which has a typical dimension of one or more kilometers) can be ...

F. Salamanca; E. S. Krayenhoff; A. Martilli

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Building Technology and Urban Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office building exterior and infrared thermograph Office building exterior and infrared thermograph Building Technology and Urban Systems Building Technology and Urban Systems application/pdf icon btus-org-chart-03-2013.pdf In the areas of Building Technology and Urban Systems, EETD researchers conduct R&D and develop physical and information technologies to make buildings and urban areas more energy- and resource-efficient. These technologies create jobs and products for the marketplace in clean technology industries. They improve quality of life, and reduce the emissions of pollutants, including climate-altering greenhouse gases. BTUSD's goal is to provide the technologies needed to operate buildings at 50 to 70 percent less energy use than average today. BTUS develops, demonstrates and deploys: Information technologies for the real-time monitoring and control of

131

Virtual urban traffic network simulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this project, I designed and implemented a virtual urban traffic network simulator. The simulator serves as a testbed for human-subject experiments to determine driver behavior in road networks and also as a platform ...

Uh, Jason (Jason J.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Analysis of large urban fires  

SciTech Connect

Fires in urban areas caused by a nuclear burst are analyzed as a first step towards determining their smoke-generation chacteristics, which may have grave implications for global-scale climatic consequences. A chain of events and their component processes which would follow a nuclear attack are described. A numerical code is currently being developed to calculate ultimately the smoke production rate for a given attack scenario. Available models for most of the processes are incorporated into the code. Sample calculations of urban fire-development history performed in the code for an idealized uniform city are presented. Preliminary results indicate the importance of the wind, thermal radiation transmission, fuel distributions, and ignition thresholds on the urban fire spread characteristics. Future plans are to improve the existing models and develop new ones to characterize smoke production from large urban fires. 21 references, 18 figures.

Kang, S.W.; Reitter, T.A.; Takata, A.N.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Urban Reclamation in São Paulo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The urbanized terrain of São Paulo is characterized by wasteful landscapes on peripheral areas of the metropolitan agglomeration, and decaying landscapes of waste in the core of the city. If on the one hand, the increasingly ...

Eskinazi, Victor

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Claiming the urban industrial landscape  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a propositIOn about a prevalent urban condition, that of marginal, left over, or disused space. It contends that these spaces, generally viewed as negative attributes by their communities have inherent ...

Linton, Cynthia Mayhew

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Urban Sodicity in a Humid Subtropical Climate: Impact on Biogeochemical Cycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding the mechanisms of non-point source carbon and nutrients in urban watersheds will help to develop policies to maintain surface water quality and prevention of eutrophication. The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the impact of sodium on carbon and nutrient leaching from the two main contributors; soil and leaf litter, and calculate the sodium exports in a humid subtropical urban river basin. The first chapter reviews the current literature on urbanization in watersheds. Chapter II quantifies the carbon and nutrient in intact soil core leachates and in water extractable solution from urban soils collected from 33 towns and cities across the state of Texas. Chapter III investigates the impact of sodicity and salinity on water extractable organic carbon and nitrogen from vegetation. Chapter IV investigates the export of sodium and chloride from the upper Trinity River basin. The results derived from this study indicate that sodium exports are elevated in urban watersheds and further that sodium in irrigation water elevates the loss of carbon and nutrients from both watershed soil and senesced vegetation and that this may contribute to high concentrations in urban freshwaters.

Steele, Meredith Kate

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Contaminant distributions at typical U.S. uranium milling facilities and their effect on remedial action decisions  

SciTech Connect

Past operations at uranium processing sites throughout the US have resulted in local contamination of soils and ground water by radionuclides, toxic metals, or both. Understanding the origin of contamination and how the constituents are distributed is a basic element for planning remedial action decisions. This report describes the radiological and nonradiological species found in ground water at a typical US uranium milling facility. The report will provide the audience with an understanding of the vast spectrum of contaminants that must be controlled in planning solutions to the long-term management of these waste materials.

Hamp, S. [USDOE Albuquerque Operations Office, NM (United States). Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project Office; Jackson, T.J. [Geraghty and Miller, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Dotson, P.W. [Roy F. Weston, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Artificial nature : water infrastructure and its experience as natural space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work is about water infrastructure and its experience as urban and natural space. It deals with the concepts of nature/geography, technology, and the integral experiential space by analyzing water dams and reservoirs ...

Demirta?, Fatma Asl?han, 1970-

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Modeling the water consumption of Singapore using system dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water resources are essential to life, and in urban areas, the high demand density and finite local resources often engender conditions of relative water scarcity. To overcome this scarcity, governments intensify infrastructure ...

Welling, Karen Noiva

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Residential Water Conservation in Australia and California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In much of the Western United States, reducing residential water use is a major source of water conservation, especially as population growth urbanizes agricultural land. While estimates of the potential of conservation are useful, the experience of Australia provides a realistic target for residential water conservation. Although reliability of urban water use data is often questionable, it is clear that Australians use less water than Californians, with a similar climate, economy, and culture. Per-capita usage is compared, and explanations for use differences are offered. If California had the same residential water use rates as Australia, it could have reduced gross urban water use by 2,600 GL (2.1 million acre-feet) in 2009 and potentially saved 1,800 GL (1.5 million acre-feet) for consumptive use by others.

Ryan Cahill; Jay Lund

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Think water : reconditioning the Malden River  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this thesis is to link water, history and culture through architectural and urban design by researching the potential for the rejuvenation of a neglected industrial site at the edge of a river. The Malden ...

Oda, Kazuyo, 1969-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Infrastructure Ecology for Sustainable and Resilient Urban Infrastructure Design  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The population growth coupled with increasing urbanization is predicted to exert a huge demand on the growth and retrofit of urban infrastructure, particularly in water and energy systems. The U.S. population is estimated to grow by 23% (UN, 2009) between 2005 and 2030. The corresponding increases in energy and water demand were predicted as 14% (EIA, 2009) and 20% (Elcock, 2008), respectively. The water-energy nexus needs to be better understood to satisfy the increased demand in a sustainable manner without conflicting with environmental and economic constraints. Overall, 4% of U.S. power generation is used for water distribution (80%) and treatment (20%). 3% of U.S. water consumption (100 billion gallons per day, or 100 BGD) and 40% of U.S. water withdrawal (340 BGD) are for thermoelectric power generation (Goldstein and Smith, 2002). The water demand for energy production is predicted to increase most significantly among the water consumption sectors by 2030. On the other hand, due to the dearth of conventional water sources, energy intensive technologies are increasingly in use to treat seawater and brackish groundwater for water supply. Thus comprehending the interrelation and interdependency between water and energy system is imperative to evaluate sustainable water and energy supply alternatives for cities. In addition to the water-energy nexus, decentralized or distributed concept is also beneficial for designing sustainable water and energy infrastructure as these alternatives require lesser distribution lines and space in a compact urban area. Especially, the distributed energy infrastructure is more suited to interconnect various large and small scale renewable energy producers which can be expected to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In the case of decentralized water infrastructure, on-site wastewater treatment facility can provide multiple benefits. Firstly, it reduces the potable water demand by reusing the treated water for non-potable uses and secondly, it also reduces the wastewater load to central facility. In addition, lesser dependency on the distribution network contributes to increased reliability and resiliency of the infrastructure. The goal of this research is to develop a framework which seeks an optimal combination of decentralized water and energy alternatives and centralized infrastructures based on physical and socio-economic environments of a region. Centralized and decentralized options related to water, wastewater and stormwater and distributed energy alternatives including photovoltaic (PV) generators, fuel cells and microturbines are investigated. In the context of the water-energy nexus, water recovery from energy alternatives and energy recovery from water alternatives are reflected. Alternatives recapturing nutrients from wastewater are also considered to conserve depleting resources. The alternatives are evaluated in terms of their life-cycle environmental impact and economic performance using a hybrid life cycle assessment (LCA) tool and cost benefit analysis, respectively. Meeting the increasing demand of a test bed, an optimal combination of the alternatives is designed to minimize environmental and economic impacts including CO2 emissions, human health risk, natural resource use, and construction and operation cost. The framework determines the optimal combination depending on urban density, transmission or conveyance distance or network, geology, climate, etc. Therefore, it will be also able to evaluate infrastructure resiliency against physical and socio-economic challenges such as population growth, severe weather, energy and water shortage, economic crisis, and so on.

Jeong, Hyunju [Georgia Institute of Technology; Pandit, Arka [Georgia Institute of Technology; Crittenden, John [Georgia Institute of Technology; Xu, Ming [University of Michigan; Perrings, Charles [Arizona State University; Wang, Dali [ORNL; Li, Ke [University of Georgia; French, Steve [Georgia Institute of Technology

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Research and Extension Education Capabilities AgriLife Urban Solutions Center and associated County Extension Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Irrigation system design and management · Rainwater harvesting, rain gardens, porous pavements, green roofs Education program) · Turf management for park managers and landscape maintenance companies · Drought Extension Programs Water Management for Urban Landscapes · Lawn and landscape water conservation

143

Interannual Variability of Water Demand and Summer Climate in Albuquerque, New Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of interannual climate variability on water demand in Albuquerque, New Mexico, are assessed. This city provides an ideal setting for examining the effects of climate on urban water demand, because at present the municipal water supply ...

David S. Gutzler; Joshua S. Nims

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Essays on rural-urban migration in hinterland China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marriage Rates in Rural China . . . . . . . . . . .Urban Migration in Hinterland China . . . . . . . . . .and Rural-Urban Migration in Hinterland China . . . . . 1.

Meng, Lei

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Urban regeneration : enabled by mobility centric architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary goal of this thesis is to develop a new urban architectural prototype to reinvigorate the British New Town. New models of adaptable, sustainable, architecture and urban design are explored with the ultimate ...

Higgins, Wayne Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

A transformation of Shanghai's urban fabric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to rapid development of the city, Shanghai has become characterized by drastic juxtapositions of building typologies and urban forms. Entire sections of the urban center are being replaced with large scale developments ...

Caine, Christine (Christine M.)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Case Studies in Urban Energy Planning  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

present a few case studies on urban energy planning for Chinese cities, with the focus on district heating systems. Questions and challenges in urban energy research will be raised...

148

National Urban Database and Access Portal Tool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on the need for advanced treatments of high-resolution urban morphological features (e.g., buildings and trees) in meteorological, dispersion, air quality, and human-exposure modeling systems for future urban applications, a new project was ...

Jason Ching; Michael Brown; Timothy McPherson; Steven Burian; Fei Chen; Ron Cionco; Adel Hanna; Torrin Hultgren; David Sailor; Haider Taha; David Williams

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Director Position Center for Urban Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Director Position Center for Urban Transportation The Center for Urban Transportation Research for state policymakers, transportation agencies, transportation professionals and the public. CUTR conducts of Transportation's Federal Transit Administration and Federal Highway Administration, the Florida Department

Arslan, Hüseyin

150

in development and the urban environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

woodland The Queen's Inclosure, Havant, Hants Peri-urban Waterhayes, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs Rural costs. 15 PERI-URBAN Waterhayes, Newcastle-under-Lyme RURALURBAN Environmental advantages Improved

151

BIDDING ON URBANITY WITH BUSINESS IMPROVEMENT DISTRICTS: .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??BIDDING ON URBANITY WITH BUSINESS IMPROVEMENT DISTRICTS: RE-MAKING URBAN PLACES IN WASHINGTON, DC Susanna Francesca Schaller, Ph.D. Cornell University 2007 ?The livable city,? one that… (more)

Schaller, Susanna

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

The urban heat island Mitigation Impact Screening Tool (MIST)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A web-based software tool has been developed to assist urban planners and air quality management officials in assessing the potential of urban heat island mitigation strategies to affect the urban climate, air quality, and energy consumption within their ... Keywords: Air quality, Albedo, Atmospheric modeling, Urban climate, Urban forestry, Urban heat islands

David J. Sailor; Nikolaas Dietsch

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Top-k typicality queries and efficient query answering methods on large databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finding typical instances is an effective approach to understand and analyze large data sets. In this paper, we apply the idea of typicality analysis from psychology and cognitive science to database query answering, and study the novel problem of answering ... Keywords: Efficient query answering, Top-k query, Typicality analysis

Ming Hua; Jian Pei; Ada W. Fu; Xuemin Lin; Ho-Fung Leung

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Effective Modeling of Urban Water Systems, Monograph 13. W. James, K . N. Irvine, E. A. McBean & R.E. Pitt, Eds. ISBN 0-9736716-0-2 CHI 2004. www.computationalhydraulics.com  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

traffic and a residential street with light traffic in Toronto were monitored about twice a week for three the accumulation characteristics of street dirt. One of the first research studies to attempt to measure street purpose of this early EPA-funded research project was to investigate the role of street dirt as a water

Pitt, Robert E.

155

The development of Urban Crime Simulator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on routine activities theory, deviant places theory, and neighborhood life cycle concepts, this paper describes the development of an Urban Crime Simulator (UCS) that was developed to allow estimation for changes in property crime rates in urban ... Keywords: crime, deviant places theory, neighborhood life cycle, routine activities theory, simulation, urban growth

Jay Lee; Chaoqing Yu

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Urban Wood Waste Resource Assessment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study collected and analyzed data on urban wood waste resources in 30 randomly selected metropolitan areas in the United States. Three major categories wood wastes disposed with, or recovered from, the municipal solid waste stream; industrial wood wastes such as wood scraps and sawdust from pallet recycling, woodworking shops, and lumberyards; and wood in construction/demolition and land clearing debris.

Wiltsee, G.

1998-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

157

Adaptive Urban Dispersion Integrated Model  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Numerical simulations represent a unique predictive tool for understanding the three-dimensional flow fields and associated concentration distributions from contaminant releases in complex urban settings (Britter and Hanna 2003). Utilization of the most accurate urban models, based on fully three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) that solve the Navier-Stokes equations with incorporated turbulence models, presents many challenges. We address two in this work; first, a fast but accurate way to incorporate the complex urban terrain, buildings, and other structures to enforce proper boundary conditions in the flow solution; second, ways to achieve a level of computational efficiency that allows the models to be run in an automated fashion such that they may be used for emergency response and event reconstruction applications. We have developed a new integrated urban dispersion modeling capability based on FEM3MP (Gresho and Chan 1998, Chan and Stevens 2000), a CFD model from Lawrence Livermore National Lab. The integrated capability incorporates fast embedded boundary mesh generation for geometrically complex problems and full three-dimensional Cartesian adaptive mesh refinement (AMR). Parallel AMR and embedded boundary gridding support are provided through the SAMRAI library (Wissink et al. 2001, Hornung and Kohn 2002). Embedded boundary mesh generation has been demonstrated to be an automatic, fast, and efficient approach for problem setup. It has been used for a variety of geometrically complex applications, including urban applications (Pullen et al. 2005). The key technology we introduce in this work is the application of AMR, which allows the application of high-resolution modeling to certain important features, such as individual buildings and high-resolution terrain (including important vegetative and land-use features). It also allows the urban scale model to be readily interfaced with coarser resolution meso or regional scale models. This talk will discuss details of the approach and present results for some example calculations performed in Manhattan in support of the DHS Urban Dispersion Program (UDP) using some of the tools developed as part of this new capability.

Wissink, A; Chand, K; Kosovic, B; Chan, S; Berger, M; Chow, F K

2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

158

Water Sampling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Sampling Water Sampling Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Water Sampling Details Activities (51) Areas (45) Regions (5) NEPA(2) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Field Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Field Sampling Parent Exploration Technique: Field Sampling Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Water composition and source of fluids Thermal: Water temperature Dictionary.png Water Sampling: Water sampling is done to characterize the chemical, thermal, or hydrological properties of a surface or subsurface aqueous system. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Introduction Water sampling is done to characterize the geothermal system under investigation. A geothermal water typically has a unique chemical signature

159

Non-Noble Metal Water Electrolysis Catalysts  

This invention comprises an inexpensive catalyst system for water electrolyzers by replacing the noble-metal catalysts that are typically used in ...

160

District Level Analysis of Urbanization from Rural-to-Urban Migration in the Rajasthan State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Migration has various dimensions; urbanization due to migration is one of them. In Rajasthan State, district level analysis of urbanization due to migrants shows trend invariably for all districts of the state, though the contribution in urbanization by migrants varies from district to district. In some districts the share of migrants moving to urban areas is very impressive, in others it is not that much high. The migrants' contribution is on the raising over the decades. In this paper, the district level migration in the Rajasthan State is examined in relation to total urbanization and urbanization due to migration.

Jayant Singh; Hansraj Yadav; Florentin Smarandache

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A study of the effects of well and fracture design in a typical Marcellus shale well.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The problem with typical Marcellus shale wells is the lack of information that has beenaccumulated and the amount of information that is commercially available to… (more)

Schweitzer, Ross T.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

ANN-based residential water end-use demand forecasting model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bottom-up urban water demand forecasting based on empirical data for individual water end uses or micro-components (e.g., toilet, shower, etc.) for different households of varying characteristics is undoubtedly superior to top-down estimates originating ... Keywords: Artificial neural network, Residential water demand forecasting, Water demand management, Water end use, Water micro-component

Christopher Bennett; Rodney A. Stewart; Cara D. Beal

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Urban Network Practices: Ameren Missouri  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the findings of an underground distribution practices immersion conducted by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) with Ameren Missouri. This immersion was conducted as part of a multiyear effort by EPRI to identify noteworthy practices in managing urban network systems. More specifically, this report profiles the practices (people, processes, and technology) in place at Ameren Missouri, a St. Louis, Missouri, based utility serving customers through secondary network ...

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

164

Solar water heating: FEMP fact sheet  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Using the sun to heat domestic water makes sense in almost any climate. Solar water heaters typically provide 40 to 80{percent} of a building's annual water-heating needs. A solar water-heating system's performance depends primarily on the outdoor temperature, the temperature to which the water is heated, and the amount of sunlight striking the collector.

Clyne, R.

1999-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

165

Overview of URBAN 2000: A Multiscale Field Study of Dispersion through an Urban Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A major urban tracer and meteorological field campaign (URBAN 2000) was conducted in Salt Lake City, Utah, during October 2000. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Chemical and Biological National Security Program, the month-long ...

K. J. Allwine; J. H. Shinn; G. E. Streit; K. L. Clawson; M. Brown

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Impact of Upstream Urbanization on the Urban Heat Island Effects along the Washington–Baltimore Corridor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although there has been considerable research on urban heat island (UHI) effects, most of the previous studies have attributed UHI effects to localized, surface processes. In this study, the impact of upstream urbanization on enhanced UHI effects ...

Da-Lin Zhang; Yi-Xuan Shou; Russell R. Dickerson; Fei Chen

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Evaluation of an Urban Canopy Parameterization in a Mesoscale Model Using VTMX and URBAN 2000 Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A modified urban canopy parameterization (UCP) is developed and evaluated in a three-dimensional mesoscale model to assess the urban impact on surface and lower-atmospheric properties. This parameterization accounts for the effects of building ...

Hung-Neng S. Chin; Martin J. Leach; Gayle A. Sugiyama; John M. Leone Jr.; Hoyt Walker; J. S. Nasstrom; Michael J. Brown

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

An urban weather generator coupling a building simulation program with an urban canopy model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The increase in air temperature observed in urban environments compared to the undeveloped rural surroundings, known as the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect, is being intensely studied, due to its adverse environmental and ...

Bueno Unzeta, Bruno

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Urban settlement issues : observations from 181 surveys of urban dwelling environments in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observations and summaries were made on 181 surveys of urban dwelling environments in developing countries, carried out by members of the Urban Settlement Design Program (U.S.D.P.), at MIT. The focus of this study is in ...

Wang, Chih-chien, M.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Consequences of Urban Stability Conditions for Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations of Urban Dispersion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The validity of omitting stability considerations when simulating transport and dispersion in the urban environment is explored using observations from the Joint Urban 2003 field experiment and computational fluid dynamics simulations of that ...

Julie K. Lundquist; Stevens T. Chan

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Disparity between rural and urban education.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??By asking two groups of students respectively from a rural school and an urban school in Yunnan Province in Southwest region of China, this research… (more)

Zhang, Li

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations in urban soils ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

yards, coking plants, power plants, chemical plants, urban parks, university ...... Barrie LA, Gregor DJ, Hargrave B, Lake R, Muir D, Shearer R, Tracy. B, Bidleman  ...

173

High-resolution urban thermal sharpener (HUTS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of zoning in urban ecosystems with remote sensing, Remote Sensing of Environment  Yaghoobian, N. , J.  of thermal imagery.  Remote Sensing of Environment 107 , 

Dominguez, Anthony; Kleissl, Jan; Luvall, Jeffrey C; Rickman, Douglas L

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

nissan hypermini urban electric vehicle testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Department of Energy FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program Nissan Hypermini Urban Electric Vehicle Testing TECHNICAL REPORT Roberta Brayer James Francfort January 2006...

175

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity - Urban Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are designed to carry two or four passengers. Click here for more information About Urban Electric Vehicles (PDF 128KB) Vehicle Testing Reports Ford THINK City Ford Thnk...

176

The Block: Enabler of Urban Architecture [Forum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Urban Architecture Vermont Village Plaza, a multifamilyin the midblock. Below: Vermont Avenue streetscape. Photos:Berkeley. Project: Vermont Village Plaza Architect: Solomon

Solomon, Daniel

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Chapter 1 Urban development patterns in China: The new, the renewed, and the ignored urban space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 1 Urban development patterns in China: The new, the renewed, and the ignored urban space Tingwei Zhang In Urbanization in China: Critical Issues in an Era of Rapid growth, 2007, Edited by Song, Y. Lincoln Institute of Land Use Policy, 3-27 The world witnesses impressive changes in China since

Illinois at Chicago, University of

178

Urban Dispersion Modeling: Comparison with Single-Building Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two models have been developed to predict airflow and dispersion in urban environments. The first model, the Realistic Urban Spread and Transport of Intrusive Contaminants (RUSTIC) model, is a fast-running urban airflow code that rapidly ...

Steve R. Diehl; Donald A. Burrows; Eric A. Hendricks; Robert Keith

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Deep conservation in urban India and its implications for the design of conservation technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rapid depletion of fossil fuels and water resources has become an international problem. Urban residential households are among the primary consumers of resources and are deeply affected by resource shortages. Despite the global nature of these problems, ... Keywords: developing world, energy, ict4d, sustainability

Yedendra B. Shrinivasan; Mohit Jain; Deva P. Seetharam; Abhishek Choudhary; Elaine M. Huang; Tawanna Dillahunt; Jennifer Mankoff

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Interaction between an Inland Urban Heat Island and a Sea-Breeze Flow: A Laboratory Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using laboratory experimental data taken from a temperature-controlled water tank, the basic features of the circulation associated with an inland urban heat island (UHI) of diameter D and surface heating rate H0 and its interaction with a sea-...

A. Cenedese; P. Monti

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Water Related Energy Use in Households and Cities - an Australian  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water Related Energy Use in Households and Cities - an Australian Water Related Energy Use in Households and Cities - an Australian Perspective Speaker(s): Steven Kenway Date: May 12, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Anita Estner James McMahon This presentation covers the content of recent journal papers and reports focused on the water-energy nexus and the related theory of urban metabolism. This includes (i) a review of the water-energy nexus focused on cities (ii) quantifying water-related energy in cities (iii) modeling household water-related energy use including key factors, sensitivity and uncertainty analysis, and (iv) relevance and implications of the urban metabolism theoretical framework. Steven's work focuses on understanding the indirect connections between urban water management, energy use and

182

Urban and Industrial Sites Reinvestment Tax Credit Program (Connecticut) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Industrial Sites Reinvestment Tax Credit Program and Industrial Sites Reinvestment Tax Credit Program (Connecticut) Urban and Industrial Sites Reinvestment Tax Credit Program (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Department of Economic and Community Development

183

Interaction of Nocturnal Low-Level Jets with Urban Geometries as Seen in Joint Urban 2003 Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because accurate modeling of atmospheric flows in urban environments requires sophisticated representation of complex urban geometries, much work has been devoted to treatment of the urban surface. However, the importance of the larger-scale flow ...

Julie K. Lundquist; Jeffrey D. Mirocha

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Water Related Energy Use in Households and Cities - an Australian...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Anita Estner James McMahon This presentation covers the content of recent journal papers and reports focused on the water-energy nexus and the related theory of urban...

185

On-line hydraulic state prediction for water distribution systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes and demonstrates a method for on?line hydraulic state prediction in urban water networks. The proposed method uses a Predictor?Corrector (PC) approach in which a statistical data?driven algorithm is ...

Whittle, Andrew

186

Essays on rural-urban migration in hinterland China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Table 1.5: Rural to Urban Migration2. Land in the Rural-Urban MigrationMarriage Rates in Rural China . . . . . . . . . . .

Meng, Lei

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Gauging Improvements in Urban Building Energy Policy in India  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gauging Improvements in Urban Building Energy Policy in India Title Gauging Improvements in Urban Building Energy Policy in India Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of...

188

Joint Urban 2003: Indoor Measurements Final Data Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Joint Urban 2003: Indoor Measurements Final Data Report Title Joint Urban 2003: Indoor Measurements Final Data Report Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2004 Authors...

189

Indonesia-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in Emerging Economy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries...

190

Sustainable Urban Development Priorities - Development of a Rapid...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development Priorities - Development of a Rapid Assessment Tool for Urban Mobility in Cities with Data Scarcity Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Sustainable Urban...

191

Guidelines and Toolkits for Urban Transport Development in Medium...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Guidelines and Toolkits for Urban Transport Development in Medium Sized Cities in India Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Guidelines and Toolkits for Urban Transport...

192

GIS spatial analysis for the design of urban open space.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Urban design in the landscape architectural tradition has a unique set of users and uses due to the nature of urban sites in densely developed… (more)

Howard, Michael Isaac

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Energy Department Announces the SUN Project, Empowering Urban...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Department Announces the SUN Project, Empowering Urban Native Youth in STEM Education Energy Department Announces the SUN Project, Empowering Urban Native Youth in STEM...

194

DOE News Release - DOE Conducts Urban Electric Vehicle Demonstration...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

program include: * Enhancing public awareness of Urban EVs * Defining the unique Urban EV market and niche applications * Enhancing EV infrastructure * Investigating the economic...

195

Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Wind Energy in Urban...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stories: Wind Energy in Urban Environments Webinar (text version) Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Wind Energy in Urban Environments Webinar (text version) Below is the...

196

Simple laws of urban growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By analysing the evolution of the street network of Greater London from the late 1700s to the present, we are able to shed light on the inner mechanisms that lie behind the growth of a city. First we define an object called a city as a spatial discontinuous phenomena, from clustering the density of street intersections. Second, we find that the city growth mechanisms can be described by two logistic laws, hence can be determined by a simple model of urban network growth in the presence of competition for limited space.

Masucci, Paolo; Batty, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

To Look or Not to Look? Typical and Atypical Development of Oculomotor Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability to inhibit saccades toward suddenly appearing peripheral stimuli (prosaccades) and direct them to contralateral locations instead (antisaccades) is a crucial marker of eye movement control. Typically developing infants as young as 4-month-olds ...

Gaia Scerif; Annette Karmiloff-smith; Ruth Campos; Mayada Elsabbagh; Jon Driver; Kim Cornish

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

A Fresh Perspective for Managing Water in California: Insights from Applying the European Water Framework Directive to the Russian River  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

non-point source pollution from land use activities, whichdiffuse pollution sources from land use activities (agland use Coyote Dam Abstractions for agricultural water use; industrial and urban pollution

Grantham, Ted; Christian-Smith, Juliet; Kondolf, G. Mathias; Scheuer, Stefan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

High-resolution Urban Image Classification Using Extended Features  

SciTech Connect

High-resolution image classification poses several challenges because the typical object size is much larger than the pixel resolution. Any given pixel (spectral features at that location) by itself is not a good indicator of the object it belongs to without looking at the broader spatial footprint. Therefore most modern machine learning approaches that are based on per-pixel spectral features are not very effective in high- resolution urban image classification. One way to overcome this problem is to extract features that exploit spatial contextual information. In this study, we evaluated several features in- cluding edge density, texture, and morphology. Several machine learning schemes were tested on the features extracted from a very high-resolution remote sensing image and results were presented.

Vatsavai, Raju [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Urban Modification of Freezing-Rain Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new national database for freezing-rain occurrences during the 1945–2000 period provided an opportunity for a study of the potential urban effects on freezing-rain events. Numerous past studies of snowfall events in urban areas have defined ...

Stanley A. Changnon

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Innovative Manufactured Housing Urban Design Demonstration Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One quarter of the new houses sold in the United States in 1999 were manufactured homes, and manufactured housing represents an important and growing market for power producers. One niche market opportunity for manufactured homes is in urban areas. EPRI facilitated the completion of two limited demonstrations of energy efficient manufactured homes designed specifically for urban neighborhoods.

2000-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

202

Study of Pollutant Dispersion in Urban Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-17 June, University of Osnabruck, Germany. 9. Simonite, T., 2005, Anti-terror study tracks gas dispersalStudy of Pollutant Dispersion in Urban Environments Razvan Corneliu Carbunescu Center head: Study of pollutant dispersion in urban environments #12;Abstract Computational simulations can

Allen, Gabrielle

203

Maximum Urban Heat Island Intensity in Seoul  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The maximum urban heat island (UHI) intensity in Seoul, Korea, is investigated using data measured at two meteorological observatories (an urban site and a rural site) during the period of 1973–96. The average maximum UHI is weakest in summer and ...

Yeon-Hee Kim; Jong-Jin Baik

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Abundance and Distribution of Africanized Honey Bees in an Urban Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Africanized honey bees (AHB) are a hybrid between African and European honey bees (EHB). Compared to the EHB, AHB exhibit more intense, defensive behaviors but nevertheless provide the same important ecosystem service--pollination. AHB have been found in Tucson, AZ. since 1993. It is important to understand the population ecology of AHB for several reasons. Most directly, the behavioral traits retained from African bees present public safety and health risk. AHB are easily agitated; even slight disturbances (e.g., human movements) can provoke attacks. Several hybridized bee traits (e.g., higher colony growth rates, reproduction at a smaller colony size, nesting in a wider range of cavity materials, etc.) also make them more adapted to urban landscapes. The overlap of habitats and resource-using of AHB with human significantly raise the risk of stinging incidents, especially in the areas of bee aggregation. Although the presence of AHB in urban environments may present a public safety and health risk, they do contribute to urban ecosystems substantially through pollination. The fact that AHB is a part of the urban ecosystem suggests a need for a better understanding of the relationship among climate factors, urban landscape characteristics, and AHB population dynamics. The goal of my dissertation was to understand population dynamics of AHB in urban environments using removal records of AHB colonies in water meter boxes. I have demonstrated useful methods and repeatable procedures to process, extract, and synthesize water meter box data which were not collected or sampled specifically for any ecological research. I also examined the spatio-temporal distributions of AHB colony removals in water meter boxes, and evaluated the effects of variations of temperature and precipitation on observed patterns. Then, I investigated the linkage between spatial patterns of AHB colonies and urban landscape characteristics by evaluating densities of water meter boxes, AHB colony abundance, and colony occupancy among different land cover/land use types. Lastly, a conceptual model and quantitative models were developed to illustrate AHB population dynamics, particularly and the interactions among water meter boxes, alternative cavities, and honey bee colonies. Overall, the probabilities of AHB colonies selecting nesting sites can be influenced by: (1) the ratio of water meter boxes and alternative cavities; (2) the difference of vegetative attributes among locations associated with the preference of AHB in selecting new nesting sites. Seasonal variations of precipitation and temperature can affect the development and productivity of AHB population.

Chen, Szu-Hung

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Drain Water Heat Recovery | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Drain Water Heat Recovery Drain Water Heat Recovery Drain Water Heat Recovery June 15, 2012 - 6:20pm Addthis Diagram of a drain water heat recovery system. Diagram of a drain water heat recovery system. How does it work? Use heat from water you've already used to preheat more hot water, reducing your water heating costs. Any hot water that goes down the drain carries away energy with it. That's typically 80%-90% of the energy used to heat water in a home. Drain-water (or greywater) heat recovery systems capture this energy from water you've already used (for example, to shower, wash dishes, or wash clothing) to preheat cold water entering the water heater or going to other water fixtures. This reduces the amount of energy needed for water heating. How It Works Drain-water heat recovery technology works well with all types of water

206

Drain Water Heat Recovery | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Drain Water Heat Recovery Drain Water Heat Recovery Drain Water Heat Recovery June 15, 2012 - 6:20pm Addthis Diagram of a drain water heat recovery system. Diagram of a drain water heat recovery system. How does it work? Use heat from water you've already used to preheat more hot water, reducing your water heating costs. Any hot water that goes down the drain carries away energy with it. That's typically 80%-90% of the energy used to heat water in a home. Drain-water (or greywater) heat recovery systems capture this energy from water you've already used (for example, to shower, wash dishes, or wash clothing) to preheat cold water entering the water heater or going to other water fixtures. This reduces the amount of energy needed for water heating. How It Works Drain-water heat recovery technology works well with all types of water

207

CONCLUSIONS 1. The complexity, controversy, interdependence, and importance of California's water supply  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(SWAP) and an elasticity-based urban water demand model, has produced preliminary estimates are produced. The willingness of water users to pay #12;154 for additional water and new facilities also of California's water supply system have grown to require new approaches to their analysis. California's water

Lund, Jay R.

208

Effectiveness And Welfare Impacts Of Alternative Policies To Address Atmospheric Pollution In URBAN ROAD TRANSPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we compare the effectiveness and welfare effects of alternative fuel efficiency, environmental and transport policies for a given urban area. The urban transport activities are represented as a set of interrelated markets, one for each mode of transport and type of vehicle. For each market, four different marginal external costs are computed in the present equilibrium: air pollution, accidents, noise and congestion. The gap between marginal social costs and prices shows that congestion and unpaid parking are the dominant sources of inefficiencies. Air pollution costs are significant as well. The effects of a typical air quality policy (regulation of car emission technology) and two typical fuel based policies (minimum fuel efficiency policy and fuel taxes) are compared with the effects of three alternative transport policies (full external cost pricing, cordon pricing, parking charges). Regulation of emission technology and of fuel efficiency do not necessarily lead to welfare gains, whereas transport pricing policies yield substantial gains for the urban area under study.

Stef Proost; Kurt Van Dender

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Management of Non-Cooling Water Releases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report assesses the efficacy and cost of water management practices that can be used by power companies to address non-cooling water and stormwater release issues with respect to siting, design, and operation of facilities, including generating stations, substations, and rights-of-way in urban and rural settings. The report will be of value to environmental and generation managers within power companies, as well as regulators, water resource managers, and environmentalists.

2008-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

210

Dynamical Detection on Urban Sprawl Based on EO Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the development of society and economy, the rapid urban sprawl in land use is being witnessed of late in urban districts. As a result, many problems in society and environment have appeared in urban districts, such as population expansion, air pollution, ... Keywords: EO data, GIS, Integration, RS, urban spraw

Pan Hongyi; Peng Wenfu; He Wei; Jiang Guiguo; Zhou Jieming; Zhou Wancun

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Prediction and visualization for urban heat island simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The simulation and forecast of urban heat island effect was studied. Since the reason for the formation of urban heat island is complex, the current model cannot take all the influence factors into consideration. When a new influence factor is introduced, ... Keywords: genetic algorithm, information visual, neural network, urban air temperature simulation, urban heat island

Bin Shao; Mingmin Zhang; Qingfeng Mi; Nan Xiang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

ii Produced Water Pretreatment for Water Recovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Horizontal drilling and slickwater hydrofracturing have enabled shale gas to become a significant contributor to the United States ’ energy supply. Hydrofracturing typically requires 2MM – 6.5MM gallons of water per shale gas well. About 15-25 % of this water returns to the surface as “flowback ” within 30 days after hydrofracturing. “Produced water ” continues to flow at a much reduced rate, e.g. 2-10 bbl/day, for the life of the well. In addition to high salinity and hardness levels (Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba), much Marcellus produced water also contains significant levels of naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM), particularly radium. The near absence of disposal wells in Pennsylvania initially forced much of the produced water to be trucked into Ohio for disposal by deep-well injection (UIC). Currently up to 95 % of the

Principal Investigator; James M. Silva; James M. Silva; Hope Matis; William L. Kostedt Iv; Vicki Watkins

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Photo of the Week: Not Your Typical Jet Engine | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Not Your Typical Jet Engine Not Your Typical Jet Engine Photo of the Week: Not Your Typical Jet Engine November 23, 2012 - 11:57am Addthis As part of the Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program, the U.S. conducted extensive research showing that nuclear fission could power an aircraft. The research involved a series of Heat Transfer Reactor Experiments (HTREs), which tested if different types of jet engines could be run by nuclear power. In 1955, however, the project was cancelled, and a safe, operational prototype aircraft was never developed. In this 1988 photo, the two HTRE reactors are shown in transport to Idaho National Laboratory's EBR-1 visitor center, where they remain today. | Photo courtesy of Idaho National Laboratory. As part of the Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program, the U.S. conducted

214

Urban and Regional Air Quality  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

equipment equipment Urban and Regional Air Quality Research in this area is concerned with regional air quality issues such as: Controlling nitrogen oxides (NOx) and volatile organic compounds, to manage tropospheric ozone pollution. Hazardous air pollutants: using science to base standards on rigorously studied risks. Air quality and climate: how does climate influence air quality at a regional or local level? Current modeling practices often do not capture variations in pollutants such as ozone-they represent a limited sample of the diverse meteorology and human behavior that affect air pollution. Improved modeling of regional air quality will help understand variability, reveal patterns of behavior, and pollutant transport issues. Controlled experiments in lab and field can help validate improved models.

215

APPENDIX B1 REPRESENTATION OF URBAN WATER DEMANDS AND LOCAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

management of wastewater treatment plant effluent using percolation ponds, injection wells, or controlled capacity of percolation ponds (infiltration rate/day x area x days/month) and of injection wells (gpm are explained next. Details of the DAU assignments are provided in the file "Daulist.xls" (Software and Data

Lund, Jay R.

216

Principles of Integrated Urban Water Management James P. Heaney  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regulations. 2. Management of growth through agriculture and natural resources preservation. 3. Comprehensive in the U.S. #12;2-5 and gas taxes cover only about 9 to 18% of the cost of transportation (Kunstler 1996 Regulations Southworth and Ben-Joseph (1995) present an overview of suburbia evolution since 1820. They trace

Pitt, Robert E.

217

Water Resources Milind Sohoni  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 111111111111111111111111111111111111 111111111111111111 Massive Rock Well Fractured Basalt WT Soil of fractured basalt. Fractures and layer-junctions important for seepage. Note seepage face. Soil layers lined, and is typically pebbles. The water collects in the main column and is fed up through the delivery pipe

Sohoni, Milind

218

Sustainable water supply: rainwater harvesting for multistoried residential apartments in dhaka, bangladesh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rainwater harvesting is a familiar term for Bangladesh. People in areas that lack drinking water, particularly the coastal areas and the rural areas in the country, practice rain water harvesting. The high annual rainfall in the country makes rainwater harvesting a logical solution for the arsenic contamination of ground water in Bangladesh (Rahman et al. 2003). Also, the increasing population in the urban as well as rural areas is putting increased load on underground aquifers which is evident in the fact that the piezometric level in Dhaka has decreased by more than 65 feet in the last decade. The annual rain fall that the city receives may be an effective answer to the recharge of aquifers. Rain water harvesting during the rainy season can reduce the increasing load on groundwater levels. This study aims to provide some guidelines for economic rainwater harvesting system, especially for urban areas for specific user groups. These guidelines were formulated through literature review, analysis of some case studies on rainwater harvesting, and, to a certain extent, practical experience of the researcher. Data from secondary sources have also been used for the purpose. The guidelines have been formulated using existing data on rainwater harvesting systems. Based on these guidelines, a mathematical model has been developed to figure out cistern sizes for collection of rainwater. The solution is applied to a typical plan of an apartment house in Dhaka (multistoried) using programming and visualization so as to demonstrate the scope and benefit of integration of rain water harvesting technique with the architectural design. The harvested rainwater definitely does not meet the basic domestic requirement, but supplements it during the rainy season which, most importantly, is usable for individual household use. Large-scale rainwater harvesting also, hopefully, results in a decrease of seasonal flooding in the urban areas. The products of this research are a) a computer program for sizing cisterns and b) an animation of the proposed rainwater harvesting system that may be used as a tool to demonstrate the benefits of the technique.

Sultana, Farzana

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

BS in General Science, with various specializations possible Typical Program of Study1 4 year  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BS in General Science, with various specializations possible Typical Program of Study1 ­ 4 year Fall Quarter Winter Quarter Spring Quarter Freshman Science (5) Science (5) Science (5) Math (5) Math (5) Core (5) Core (5)2 Core (5) Core (5) Sophomore Science (5) Science (5) Science (5) Science (5

Carter, John

220

Urban Transportation Emission Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Urban Transportation Emission Calculator Urban Transportation Emission Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Urban Transportation Emission Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: Transport Canada Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: wwwapps.tc.gc.ca/Prog/2/UTEC-CETU/Menu.aspx?lang=eng Cost: Free References: http://wwwapps.tc.gc.ca/Prog/2/UTEC-CETU/Menu.aspx?lang=eng The Urban Transportation Emissions Calculator (UTEC) is a user-friendly tool for estimating annual emissions from personal, commercial, and public transit vehicles. It estimates greenhouse gas (GHG) and criteria air contaminant (CAC) emissions from the operation of vehicles. It also estimates upstream GHG emissions from the production, refining and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Home | Buildings Technology & Urban Systems Department  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lab Buildings & Urban Systems Buildings Lab Buildings & Urban Systems Buildings Technology & Urban Systems Department Search Search Home About Us Groups Tools & Guides Facilities Publications News Links Contact Us Staff The Building Technology and Urban Systems Department (BTUS) works closely with industry to develop technologies for buildings that increase energy efficiency, and improve the comfort, health, and safety of building occupants. Berkeley Lab Hosts 5 Emerging Leaders During TechWomen 2013 As part of TechWomen 2013, emerging leaders from around the world toured a number of scientific facilities in the Bay Area, including the Advanced Light Source at Berkeley Lab. Pho Read More The Retrocommissioning Sensor Suitcase Brings Energy Efficiency to Small Commercial Buildings The data module communicates wirelessly with the smart pad, which launches

222

The urban garden : Port Alliance, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis focuses on of three urban parks; Central Park i n New York , the Fens to Franklin Park in Boston, and Rock Creek Park in washington, designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and the growth of the cities around them. ...

Manning, Isaac Hall, 1958-

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Webinar: Tapping Into Wind in Urban Environments  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This live webinar presented by DOE on "Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Tapping into Wind in Urban Environments" will take place on Tuesday, September 18, 2012, from 3:00 – 4:15 p.m....

224

Metromorphosis : evolution on the urban island  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cities are very much alive. Like islands, they provide a natural testing ground for evolution. With more than half of the world's population living in urban areas now, the influence cities have on the planet's life is ...

Vezina, Kenrick (Kenrick Freitas)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Mesh network model for urban area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decreasing population, high crime rate, and limited economic opportunities are all symptoms of urban decline. These characteristics are, unfortunately, evident in major cities and small towns. Local municipalities in these ...

Chiang, Nhan Tu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Urban Behavioral Simulation and 3D Visualization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

UrbanSim is a micro-simulation model system that represents the location choices of households and firms within the region, and the choices of real estate developers to construct...

227

Urban Heat Island Assessment: Metadata Are Important  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Urban heat island (UHI) analyses for the conterminous United States were performed using three different forms of metadata: nightlights-derived metadata, map-based metadata, and gridded U.S. Census Bureau population metadata. The results ...

Thomas C. Peterson; Timothy W. Owen

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Ecotransology : integrated design for urban mobility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis demonstrates a rethinking of urban mobility through ecological design. Human mobility and ecological accountability are inextricably linked in city design; our current world ecological crisis underscores this ...

Joachim, Mitchell Whitney

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Flow and Turbulence in an Urban Canyon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A better understanding of the interaction between the built environment and the atmosphere is required to more effectively manage urban airsheds. This paper reports an analysis of data from an atmospheric measurement campaign in Oklahoma City, ...

D. Zajic; H. J. S. Fernando; R. Calhoun; M. Princevac; M. J. Brown; E. R. Pardyjak

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Sustainable and equitable urban environments in Asia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study identifies some of the factors and conditions that can encourage the development of sustainable and equitable urban environments. It argues that cities will continue to grow and that it is not productive to view ...

Badshah, Akhtar

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Urban Cloud Condensation Nuclei Spectral Flux  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) spectral flux and the condensation nuclei (CN) flux from an urban area are determined from in situ aircraft measurements at Denver, Colorado. The concentration differences between upwind and downwind cross ...

Paul R. Frisbie; James G. Hudson

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

New urban housing in Seoul, Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For the last three decades, the capital city of Korea, Seoul, has experienced an explosive increase in population and rapid urbanization. This increase has led to a severe housing shortage in Seoul. The government responded ...

Lee, Kwanghyun, 1971-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Beyond opposites : an urban initiative in Seoul  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thesis began with the understanding of urban, cultural, and social conditions of Seoul. The choice of the existing bridge as the point of departure has meaning in two layers. layer one: the need for more space in the ...

Moon, Hoon

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Urban solarium : thermal performance in Boston  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis addresses the issue of energy efficiency through the lens of thermal performance in the context of urban housing in the city of Boston. Located in the historic brick row house neighborhood of the South End, the ...

Hsu, Juliet Chia-Wen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Urban Aerosol Impacts on Downwind Convective Storms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impacts of urban-enhanced aerosol concentrations on convective storm development and precipitation over and downwind of St. Louis, Missouri, are investigated. This is achieved through the use of a cloud-resolving mesoscale model, in which ...

Susan C. van den Heever; William R. Cotton

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Underground Distribution: Urban Network Practices Survey - 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has undertaken a multiyear research effort to identify and describe leading industry practices for managing urban network systems in the key functional areas of planning, design, construction, maintenance, operations, and safety. This report summarizes the results of the 2012 survey of urban network practices issued by EPRI and provides comparisons to a similar survey issued by EPRI in 2009.

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

237

An environmental pressure index proposal for urban development planning based on the analytic network process  

SciTech Connect

This paper introduces a new approach to prioritize urban planning projects according to their environmental pressure in an efficient and reliable way. It is based on the combination of three procedures: (i) the use of environmental pressure indicators, (ii) the aggregation of the indicators in an Environmental Pressure Index by means of the Analytic Network Process method (ANP) and (iii) the interpretation of the information obtained from the experts during the decision-making process. The method has been applied to a proposal for urban development of La Carlota airport in Caracas (Venezuela). There are three options which are currently under evaluation. They include a Health Club, a Residential Area and a Theme Park. After a selection process the experts chose the following environmental pressure indicators as ANP criteria for the project life cycle: used land area, population density, energy consumption, water consumption and waste generation. By using goal-oriented questionnaires designed by the authors, the experts determined the importance of the criteria, the relationships among criteria, and the relationships between the criteria and the urban development alternatives. The resulting data showed that water consumption is the most important environmental pressure factor, and the Theme Park project is by far the urban development alternative which exerts the least environmental pressure on the area. The participating experts coincided in appreciating the technique proposed in this paper is useful and, for ranking ordering these alternatives, an improvement from traditional techniques such as environmental impact studies, life-cycle analysis, etc.

Gomez-Navarro, Tomas, E-mail: tgomez@dpi.upv.e [Departamento de Proyectos de Ingenieria, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n. 46022, Valencia (Spain); Garcia-Melon, Monica, E-mail: mgarciam@dpi.upv.e [Departamento de Proyectos de Ingenieria, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n. 46022, Valencia (Spain); Acuna-Dutra, Silvia, E-mail: sacuna@unimet.edu.v [Departamento de Estudios Ambientales, Universidad Metropolitana, Autopista Guarenas, Sector La Urbina, Distribuidor Metropolitano, Caracas (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Diaz-Martin, Diego, E-mail: ddiaz@unimet.edu.v [Departamento de Estudios Ambientales, Universidad Metropolitana, Autopista Guarenas, Sector La Urbina, Distribuidor Metropolitano, Caracas (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

238

Assessing urban and rural neighborhood characteristics using audit and GIS data: derivation and reliability of constructs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bureau: Census 2000 urban and rural classifications. 2009 [Assessing urban and rural neighborhood characteristics usingreliability in both urban and rural segments (r = 0.96).

Evenson, Kelly R; Sotres-Alvarez, Daniela; Herring, Amy H; Messer, Lynne; Laraia, Barbara A; Rodríguez, Daniel A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

NREL: Learning - Solar Hot Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hot Water Hot Water Photo of solar collectors on a roof for a solar hot water system. For solar hot water systems, flat-plate solar collectors are typically installed facing south on a rooftop. The shallow water of a lake is usually warmer than the deep water. That's because the sunlight can heat the lake bottom in the shallow areas, which in turn, heats the water. It's nature's way of solar water heating. The sun can be used in basically the same way to heat water used in buildings and swimming pools. Most solar water heating systems for buildings have two main parts: a solar collector and a storage tank. The most common collector is called a flat-plate collector. Mounted on the roof, it consists of a thin, flat, rectangular box with a transparent cover that faces the sun. Small tubes

240

Dry January lowers the Pacific Northwest water supply forecast ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration ... most recent 2013 projections for April to September—typically the high hydro season—call for normal to below-normal water ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Tips: Water Heating | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Water Heating Tips: Water Heating Tips: Water Heating May 2, 2012 - 4:53pm Addthis Keep Your Energy Bills Out of Hot Water. Insulate your water heater to save energy and money, or choose an on-demand hot water heater to save even more. Keep Your Energy Bills Out of Hot Water. Insulate your water heater to save energy and money, or choose an on-demand hot water heater to save even more. Water heating is the second largest energy expense in your home. It typically accounts for about 18% of your utility bill. There are four ways to cut your water heating bills: use less hot water, turn down the thermostat on your water heater, insulate your water heater, or buy a new, more efficient model. Water Heating Tips Install aerating, low-flow faucets and showerheads. Repair leaky faucets promptly; a leaky faucet wastes gallons of

242

Tips: Water Heating | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Heating Water Heating Tips: Water Heating May 2, 2012 - 4:53pm Addthis Keep Your Energy Bills Out of Hot Water. Insulate your water heater to save energy and money, or choose an on-demand hot water heater to save even more. Keep Your Energy Bills Out of Hot Water. Insulate your water heater to save energy and money, or choose an on-demand hot water heater to save even more. Water heating is the second largest energy expense in your home. It typically accounts for about 18% of your utility bill. There are four ways to cut your water heating bills: use less hot water, turn down the thermostat on your water heater, insulate your water heater, or buy a new, more efficient model. Water Heating Tips Install aerating, low-flow faucets and showerheads. Repair leaky faucets promptly; a leaky faucet wastes gallons of

243

OZONE PRODUCTION IN URBAN PLUMES.  

SciTech Connect

Ozone levels observed during a field campaign in Houston were significantly higher than that observed in Phoenix or Philadelphia. An examination of the slope of O{sub x} versus NO{sub z} in the urban plumes shows that NO{sub x} is used 2 to 3 times more efficiently in Houston as compared with Phoenix and Philadelphia. Representative values of OPEx are 7-12, 3, and 4, in Houston, Phoenix, and Philadelphia. Aircraft observations have been used to calculate P(O{sub 3})/P(NO{sub z}). Values in Houston are significantly higher than in Phoenix and Philadelphia. We show that P(O{sub 3})/P(NO{sub z}) is proportional to a VOC/NO{sub 2}-OH reactivity ratio. High values of P(O{sub 3})/P(NO{sub z}) in Houston are due to emissions of reactive olefins from the ship channel region. It is significant that high values of P(O{sub 3})/P(NO{sub z}) occur at NO{sub x} levels up to several 10's of ppb. Not only is the chemistry efficient but it will be long lasting. The occurrence of high NO{sub x} and high OPEx is fostered by the co-location of VOC and NO{sub x} sources in the Houston industrial areas.

KLEINMAN,L.

2001-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

244

Impact of Alternative Energy Prices, Tenure Arrangements and Irrigation Technologies on a Typical Texas High Plains Farm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Irrigation is a major contributing factor in crop production on the Texas High Plains. It is responsible for greatly increasing crop production and farm income for the region. Two factors, a declining groundwater supply and increasing production costs, are of primary concern because they impact on farm operations and producer economic viability. A recursive linear programming model for a typical Texas High Plains irrigated farm was developed to evaluate expected impact of price changes, tenure and new technology. The model includes a Fortran sub-routine that adjusts irrigation factors each year based on the linear programming solution of the previous year. After calculating new pumping energy requirements, well yield, and pumping lift, the Fortran component updates the linear programming model. This procedure continues automatically to the end of a specified planning period or to economic exhaustion of the groundwater, whichever occurs first. Static applications of the model, in a deep water situation, showed that a natural gas price increase from $1.50 to $2.20 per thousand cubic feet (mcf) would result in reductions in irrigation levels. Irrigation was terminated when the price of natural gas reached about $7.00 per mcf. In a shallow water situation, much higher natural gas prices were reached ($3.60 per mcf) before short-run adjustments in farm organization began to occur. Under furrow irrigation, irrigation was terminated when the natural gas price reached $7.00 per mcf. Increased natural gas prices impact heavily on returns above variable costs (up to 15 percent reductions) for a 60 percent natural gas price increase. The effects of rising natural gas prices over a longer period of time were more significant. Annual returns (above variable and fixed costs) were reduced by as much as 30 percent, and the present value of returns to water was reduced by as much as 80 percent as the natural gas price was increased annually by $0.25 per mcf (from $1.50 per mcf). The economic life of deep groundwater was shortened by as much as 18 years. Renter-operators are even more vulnerable to rising natural gas prices than are owner-operators. With rising natural gas prices, profitability over time for the renter is low. As natural gas prices continue to increase, the greater will be the incentives for renter-operators to seek more favorable rental terms such as a sharing of irrigation costs. With the problem of a declining groundwater supply and rising natural gas prices, an economic incentive exists for producers to find new technologies that will enable them to make more efficient use of remaining groundwater and of natural gas. Substantial economic gains appear feasible through improved pump efficiency. Increasing pump efficiency from 50 to 75 percent will not increase the economic life of the water supply, but can improve farm profits over time; e.g., the present value of groundwater was increased 33 percent for a typical farm with an aquifer containing 250 feet of saturated thickness and 15 percent for 75 feet of saturated thickness. Improved irrigation distribution systems can help conserve water and reduce irrigation costs. Results indicate that irrigation can be extended by 11 or more years with 50 percent improved distribution efficiency. In addition, the increase in present value of groundwater on the 1.69 million irrigated acres of the Texas High Plains was estimated to be $995 million with 50 percent improved efficiency. Limitations in borrowing can substantially reduce annual net returns. This analysis suggests that the farmer can economically justify very high costs of borrowing rather than a limitation of funds available for operating expenses.

Petty, J. A.; Lacewell, R. D.; Hardin, D. C.; Whitson, R. E.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Roles of Urban Tree Canopy and Buildings in Urban Heat Island Effects: Parameterization and Preliminary Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Urban heat island (UHI) effects can strengthen heat waves and air pollution episodes. In this study, the dampening impact of urban trees on the UHI during an extreme heat wave in the Washington, D.C., and Baltimore, Maryland, metropolitan area is ...

Christopher P. Loughner; Dale J. Allen; Da-Lin Zhang; Kenneth E. Pickering; Russell R. Dickerson; Laura Landry

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Smart Beijing: Correlation of Urban Electrical Energy Consumption with Urban Environmental Sensing for Optimizing Distribution Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Smart Beijing: Correlation of Urban Electrical Energy Consumption with Urban Environmental Sensing and investigates the environmental impact of the electrical energy consumer (transportation, buildings, street will be trained to recognize important city events and dynamics which will affect electrical power consumption

Beigl, Michael

247

Micro-scale simulation of the macro urban form: opportunities for exploring urban change and adaptation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Agent based models (ABM) and cellular automata (CA) micro-scale modeling have found abundant application in the area of urban land use and transport planning. These platforms enable a rich spatial representation of residential behavior. We present an ... Keywords: agent-based modeling, data driven simulation, social laboratory, urban growth,

Tim Baynes; Scott Heckbert

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

The Particle Adventure | How do we interpret our data? | Typical detector  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Typical detector components Typical detector components The reason that detectors are divided into many components is that each component tests for a special set of particle properties. These components are stacked so that all particles will go through the different layers sequentially. A particle will not be evident until it either interacts with the detector in a measurable fashion, or decays into detectable particles. The interaction of various particles with the different components of a detector: *Neutrinos are not shown on this chart because they rarely interact with matter, and can only be detected by missing matter and energy. Just so you know, the pion ( ) is a charged meson.* A few important things to note: Charged particles, like electrons and protons, are detected both in the tracking chamber and the electromagnetic calorimeter.

249

Evaluation of the typical meteorological years for solar heating and cooling system studies. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report is a summary of an evaluation of the weather data set, generated at Sandia Laboratories, known as the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) Data. The purpose of the evaluation is to determine how well the TMY data represent actual long-term weather data in affecting the performance of solar heating and cooling systems. The two data sets are compared through detailed SHAC simulation.

Freeman, T. L.

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Household energy use in urban Venezuela: Implications from surveys in Maracaibo, Valencia, Merida, and Barcelona-Puerto La Cruz  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report identifies the most important results of a comparative analysis of household commercial energy use in Venezuelan urban cities. The use of modern fuels is widespread among all cities. Cooking consumes the largest share of urban household energy use. The survey documents no use of biomass and a negligible use of kerosene for cooking. LPG, natural gas, and kerosene are the main fuels available. LPG is the fuel choice of low-income households in all cities except Maracaibo, where 40% of all households use natural gas. Electricity consumption in Venezuela`s urban households is remarkably high compared with the levels used in households in comparable Latin American countries and in households of industrialized nations which confront harsher climatic conditions and, therefore, use electricity for water and space heating. The penetration of appliances in Venezuela`s urban households is very high. The appliances available on the market are inefficient, and there are inefficient patterns of energy use among the population. Climate conditions and the urban built form all play important roles in determining the high level of energy consumption in Venezuelan urban households. It is important to acknowledge the opportunities for introducing energy efficiency and conservation in Venezuela`s residential sector, particularly given current economic and financial constraints, which may hamper the future provision of energy services.

Figueroa, M.J.; Sathaye, J.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Application of district heating system to U. S. urban areas  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In the last few decades district-heating systems have been widely used in a number of European countries using waste heat from electric generation or refuse incineration, as well as energy from primary sources such as geothermal wells or fossil-fired boilers. The current world status of district-heat utilization is summarized. Cost and implementation projections for district-heating systems in the U. S. are discussed in comparison with existing modes of space conditioning and domestic water heating. A substantial fraction, i.e., up to approximately one-half of the U.S. population could employ district-heating systems using waste heat, with present population-distribution patterns. U.S. energy usage would be reduced by an equivalent of approximately 30 percent of current oil imports. Detailed analyses of a number of urban areas are used to formulate conceptual district energy-supply systems, potential implementation levels, and projected energy costs. Important national ancillary economic and social benefits are described, and potential difficulties relating to the implementation of district-heating systems in the U.S. are discussed. District-heating systems appear very attractive for meeting future U.S. energy needs. The technology is well established. The cost/benefit yield is favorable, and the conservation potential is significant. District heating can be applied in urban and densely populated suburban areas. The remaining demand, in rural and low-population-density communities, appears to be better suited to other forms of system substitution.

Karkheck, J.; Powell, J.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Urban Sewage Delivery Heat Transfer System (1): Flow Resistance and Energy Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thimble delivery heat-transfer (TDHT) system is one of the primary modes to utilize the energy of urban sewage. Given the schematic diagram of TDHT system, introducing the definition of equivalent fouling roughness height, and using the Niklaus semi-rational resistance coefficient formula in rough region, the calculation methods of the sewage flow resistance are explained. Through the resistance contrastive analysis of sewage and pure mediate water, the results indicate that the mediate water sub-system is the primary design point of the TDHT system. The economical ratio of flux and velocity is determined by optimization analysis of investment and operating cost in the technical feasible range. The paper will provide reference for pipe design and pump selection of urban sewage cool or heat source applied delivery heat transfer methods.

Zhang, C.; Wu, R.; Li, G.; Li, X.; Huang, L.; Sun, D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

A Laboratory Study of the Urban Heat Island in a Calm and Stably Stratified Environment. Part I: Temperature Field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An extensive and systematic water-tank study was performed to simulate the urban heat island under a calm and stably stratified environment. The objective was to examine the mean-temperature field, mixing height, and heat-island intensity as ...

Jie Lu; S. Pal Arya; William H. Snyder; Robert E. Lawson Jr.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Realistic Hot Water Draw Specification for Rating Solar Water Heaters: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In the United States, annual performance ratings for solar water heaters are simulated, using TMY weather and specified water draw. A more-realistic ratings draw is proposed that eliminates most bias by improving mains inlet temperature and by specifying realistic hot water use. This paper outlines the current and the proposed draws and estimates typical ratings changes from draw specification changes for typical systems in four cities.

Burch, J.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Enhanced Classifications of Engineered Paved Surfaces for Urban Systems Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a greater need than ever for the ability to accurately model urban system impacts resulting around the planet. Rapid urbanization is transforming landscapes from vegetation to an engineered infrastructure and thus altering land cover and ...

Jay Golden; W. C. Chuang; W. L. Stefanov

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

A CFD Model for Simulating Urban Flow and Dispersion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is developed to simulate urban flow and dispersion, to understand fluid dynamical processes therein, and to provide practical solutions to some emerging problems of urban air pollution. ...

Jong-Jin Baik; Jae-Jin Kim; Harindra J. S. Fernando

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Transportation planning for mega events : a model of urban change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

My study is about opportunities for revolutionary developments in urban transport. Often, we think of transport and urban development as an evolutionary process, yet there exist a few opportunities for cities to revolutionize ...

Kassens, Eva

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Estimating Urban Temperature Bias Using Polar-Orbiting Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Urban temperature bias, defined to be the difference between a shelter temperature reading of unknown but suspected urban influence and some appropriate rural reference temperature, is estimated through the use of polar-orbiting satellite data. ...

Gregory L. Johnson; Jerry M. Davis; Thomas R. Karl; Alan L. McNab; Kevin P. Gallo; J. Dan Tarpley; Peter R. Bloomfield

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Improving Building Performance at Urban Scale with a Framework...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improving Building Performance at Urban Scale with a Framework for Real-time Data Sharing Title Improving Building Performance at Urban Scale with a Framework for Real-time Data...

260

Modernity of Chinese urban neighborhoods : toward new spatial forms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is always a general dilemma about how to balance technology and humanity in urban neighborhood development. Modem technology creates many new spatial forms for Chinese urban neighborhoods, but it also destroys many ...

Yi, Qian, 1973-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Stadium development and urban renewal : a look at Washington, DC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates the factors, related to urban stadium development, that act as a catalyst for subsequent local urban renewal. Over the recent decades there has been substantial debate related to stadium or arena ...

Rizzo, James W. (James Watson)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Architecture of the rail : exploring the potential of urban infrastructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is the pursuit of a sensitivity for the relationship between urban infrastructure and architectural form, an attempt to restore a quality of "publicness" in the urban landscape through the implementation of a ...

Iboshi, Gregory Kenji

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Approximate translation : media, narrative, and experience in urban design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Approximate translation is developed as a design process through which the place-embedded history of an urban environment can be understood, allowing for better design and intervention in that urban environment. Generally, ...

Crisman, Jonathan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Exploding the edge : inversions into the urban landscape  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the relationship between building and green space in a dense urban environment in order to create a humane contemplative experience of individual and collective memory. The urban environment has the ...

Chia, Katherine Kai-sun

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Studies of Urban Climates and Air Pollution in Switzerland  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In addition to an assessment of the factors that are responsible for urban climate change, this paper describes climatological studies and peculiarities of some Swiss cities. Although these cities are small, urban air pollution presents a real ...

Heinz Wanner; Jacques-André Hertig

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Camera for the invisible : toward a toolkit for urban exploration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We are disconnected from our environment. We can't reconnect because we can't even see the Nature within our urban surroundings. Inspired by urban explorers and Nature Awareness traditions, I will develop methodologies and ...

Silver, Jay (Jay S.)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Simulations of the Effects of Water Vapor, Cloud Liquid Water, and Ice on AMSU Moisture Channel Brightness Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiative transfer simulations are performed to determine how water vapor and nonprecipitating cloud liquid water and ice particles within typical midlatitude atmospheres affect brightness temperatures TB's of moisture sounding channels used in ...

Bradley M. Muller; Henry E. Fuelberg; Xuwu Xiang

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Urban Search and Rescue Robots Information at NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Unmanned Vehicle Systems Tech Transfer Forum (10 ... of Homeland Security Urban Search and Rescue ... Science and Technology Directorate (DHS ...

2010-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

269

Determining Vertical Water Velocities from Seaglider  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical velocities in the world’s oceans are typically small, less than 1 cm s?1, posing a significant challenge for observational techniques. Seaglider, an autonomous profiling instrument, can be used to estimate vertical water velocity in the ...

Eleanor Frajka-Williams; Charles C. Eriksen; Peter B. Rhines; Ramsey R. Harcourt

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Turbulent Heat Fluxes in Urban Areas: Observations and a Local-Scale Urban Meteorological Parameterization Scheme (LUMPS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A linked set of simple equations specifically designed to calculate heat fluxes for the urban environment is presented. This local-scale urban meteorological parameterization scheme (LUMPS), which has similarities to the hybrid plume dispersion ...

C. S. B. Grimmond; T. R. Oke

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Urban Modification of Thunderstorms: An Observational Storm Climatology and Model Case Study for the Indianapolis Urban Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A radar-based climatology of 91 unique summertime (May 2000–August 2009) thunderstorm cases was examined over the Indianapolis, Indiana, urban area. The study hypothesis is that urban regions alter the intensity and composition/structure of ...

Dev Niyogi; Patrick Pyle; Ming Lei; S. Pal Arya; Chandra M. Kishtawal; Marshall Shepherd; Fei Chen; Brian Wolfe

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Numerical Study of Urban Impact on Boundary Layer Structure: Sensitivity to Wind Speed, Urban Morphology, and Rural Soil Moisture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mesoscale model with a detailed urban surface exchange parameterization is used to study urban influences on boundary layer structure. The parameterization takes into account thermal and mechanical factors, and it is able to reproduce the most ...

Alberto Martilli

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Estimation of Climate-Change Impacts on the Urban Heat Load Using an Urban Climate Model and Regional Climate Projections  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A pragmatic approach to estimate the impact of climate change on the urban environment, here called the cuboid method, is presented. This method allows one to simulate the urban heat load and the frequency of air temperature threshold exceedances ...

Barbara Früh; Paul Becker; Thomas Deutschländer; Johann-Dirk Hessel; Meinolf Kossmann; Ingrid Mieskes; Joachim Namyslo; Marita Roos; Uwe Sievers; Thomas Steigerwald; Heidelore Turau; Uwe Wienert

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Sustainable Urbanism : an examination of environmentally responsible neighborhood developments in Europe and lessons for sustainable urban planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The emergence of the sustainable development concept at the end of the 1980s triggered the intensification of the environmental sustainability discourse in urban design and planning. The vision of sustainable urbanism ...

Kasioumi, Eirini

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Urban Consortium Energy Task Force - Year 21 Final Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Urban Consortium Energy Task Force (UCETF), comprised of representatives of large cities and counties in the United States, is a subgroup of the Urban Consortium, an organization of the nation's largest cities and counties joined together to identify, develop and deploy innovative approaches and technological solutions to pressing urban issues.

NONE

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

A flexible IT infrastructure for integrated urban planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an IT infrastructure based on an event driven architecture with the objective to decrease the turnaround time for urban planning. Most urban planning takes a long time, not only to get all stakeholders involved, but also to assess ... Keywords: Urban planning, event driven architecture, flexibility, infrastructure, interoperability

Wout Hofman; Walter Lohman; Ab Schelling

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Scaling the Daytime Urban Heat Island and Urban-Breeze Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The urban-breeze circulation is a mesoscale response of the atmospheric flow that is related to horizontal variations in temperature associated, for dry conditions, with gradients in sensible heat flux densities. This local circulation is ...

Julia Hidalgo; Valéry Masson; Luis Gimeno

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Food urbanism : urban agriculture as a strategy to facilitate social mobility in informal settlements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Can community-based urban agriculture generate stronger communities? How is this possible? This thesis explores the possibility of community development through application of community gardens in an informal settlement ...

Amirtahmasebi, Rana

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Improvement of modelling capabilities for assessing urban contamination : The EMRAS Urban Remediation Working Group.  

SciTech Connect

The Urban Remediation Working Group of the International Atomic Energy Agency's Environmental Modeling for Radiation Safety (EMRAS) programme was established to improve modeling and assessment capabilities for radioactively contaminated urban situations, including the effects of countermeasures. An example of the Working Group's activities is an exercise based on Chernobyl fallout data in Ukraine, which has provided an opportunity to compare predictions among several models and with available measurements, to discuss reasons for discrepancies, and to identify areas where additional information would be helpful.

Thiessen, K. M.; Batandjieva, B.; Andersson, K. G.; Arkhipov, A.; Charnock, T. W.; Gallay, F.; Gaschak, S.; Golikov, V.; Hwang, W. T.; Kaiser, J. C.; Kamboj, S.; Steiner, M.; Tomas, J.; Trifunovic, D.; Yu, C.; Ziemer, R. L.; Zlobenko, B.; Environmental Science Division; SENES Oak Ridge; IAEA; Riso National Lab.; Chernobyl Center for Nuclear Safety; Health Protection Agency; IRSN; Inst. of Radiation Hygene of the Ministry of Public Health, Russian Federation; KAERI, Republic of Korea; GSF, Germany; BfS, Germany; CPHR, Cuba; State Office for Radiation Protection, Croatia; AECL, Canada; National Academy of Science, Ukraine

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Incorporating Urban Systems in Global Climate Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Resolutions IPCC AR4 The Future? Preliminary Data #12;CLM Urban Canyon Model Building Building Solar Radiation properties Building Properties Thermal Conductivity (W/mK) Heat Capacity (MJ/m^3 K) Albedo Density (kg/m^3T ,1shdwlT min , maxi buildT T T

Peterson, Blake R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Detecting urbanization changes using SPOT5  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An automatic system to estimate the urbanization changes on the Belgian territory, using SPOT5 images and the National Geographic Institute vectorial database is proposed. The images and the vectorial data are first co-registered. Then, the vectorial ... Keywords: Built-up area detection, Cartography, Change detection, SPOT5

V. Lacroix; M. Idrissa; A. Hincq; H. Bruynseels; O. Swartenbroekx

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

S. Sabina Wolfson Urban Transportation Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

official support for (or recognition of) BRT. New York City's "vision" for the future of transportationS. Sabina Wolfson Urban Transportation Planning Term paper Bus Rapid Transit on the East Side of Manhattan The East Side of Manhattan needs more (and better) public transportation1. Eventually a Second

Wolfson, Sabina

283

Robust video communication over an urban VANET  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Video communication within a Vehicular Ad Hoc Network (VANET) has the potential to be of considerable benefit in an urban emergency, as it allows emergency vehicles approaching the scene to better understand the nature of the emergency. However, the ... Keywords: Error resilience, IEEE 802.11p, VANET, multiple path delivery, redundant frames, video communication

N. Qadri; M. Altaf; M. Fleury; M. Ghanbari

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Typical Consultants/Vendors used by EOTA for Subject Matter Expert and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Consultants/Vendors used by EOTA for Subject Matter Expert and Consultants/Vendors used by EOTA for Subject Matter Expert and operatioal support Typical Consultants/Vendors used by EOTA for Subject Matter Expert and operatioal support Vendor's Name Contact/Rep Address Work Phone 615 Music Productions, Inc. Steve Hayes or Laura Palmer 1030 16th Ave. South, Nashville, TN 37212 616-244-6515 Adams, James F. James Adams 1217 Brookshire Dr., Bedford, TX 76021 214-674-6868 Adobe Systems Inc. N/A 2750 Barrett Lakes Blvd., Kennesaw, GA 30144 800-833-6687 Atlantech Resellers Inc, DBA CablesAndKits.com Craig Haynie 4555 Atwater Ct Ste ! Buford, GA 21075 877-633-2629 Albuquerque Printing Co Albert Padilla 3838 Bogan Ave.NE, Albq. 87109 505-872-2200 AlphaTRAC, Inc. John Ciolek 8670 Wolff Ct Ste 120 Westminster, CO 80031 303-428-5670 Amazon.com CSR

285

Sustainable Urban Development Priorities - Development of a Rapid  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sustainable Urban Development Priorities - Development of a Rapid Sustainable Urban Development Priorities - Development of a Rapid Assessment Tool for Urban Mobility in Cities with Data Scarcity Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Sustainable Urban Development Priorities - Development of a Rapid Assessment Tool for Urban Mobility in Cities with Data Scarcity Agency/Company /Organization: Clean Air Asia, The Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP) Partner: UN Habitat Sector: Land Focus Area: Greenhouse Gas, People and Policy, Transportation Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Policies/deployment programs Website: cleanairinitiative.org/portal/node/7870

286

South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) Agency/Company /Organization ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, European Commission, UN Habitat Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Buildings, Buildings - Commercial, Buildings - Residential, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.iclei.org/fileadmin Program Start 2012 Program End 2015 Country South Africa Southern Africa

287

Water Quality  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water Quality Water Quality We protect water quality through stormwater control measures and an extensive network of monitoring wells and stations encompassing groundwater, surface...

288

Solar water heaters | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

water heaters water heaters (Redirected from - Solar Hot Water) Jump to: navigation, search (The following text is derived from the United States Department of Energy's description of Solar Water Heating technology.)[1] Solar Water Heater One of the most cost-effective ways to include renewable technologies into a building is by incorporating solar hot water. A typical residential solar water-heating system reduces the need for conventional water heating by about two-thirds. It minimizes the expense of electricity or fossil fuel to heat the water and reduces the associated environmental impacts. Solar Water Heating for Buildings Most solar water-heating systems for buildings have two main parts: (1) a solar collector and (2) a storage tank. The most common collector used in solar hot water systems is the

289

Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries Project (URBAN LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries Project (URBAN LEDS) Agency/Company /Organization ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission development planning Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials Website http://www.iclei.org/ References ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability[1] ICLEI acts as the implementing partner of UN-HABITAT in the "Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries Project (URBAN LEDS)", that is funded by the European Commission and launched on 9

290

Purge water management system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A purge water management system for effectively eliminating the production of purge water when obtaining a groundwater sample from a monitoring well. In its preferred embodiment, the purge water management system comprises an expandable container, a transportation system, and a return system. The purge water management system is connected to a wellhead sampling configuration, typically permanently installed at the well site. A pump, positioned with the monitoring well, pumps groundwater through the transportation system into the expandable container, which expands in direct proportion with volume of groundwater introduced, usually three or four well volumes, yet prevents the groundwater from coming into contact with the oxygen in the air. After this quantity of groundwater has been removed from the well, a sample is taken from a sampling port, after which the groundwater in the expandable container can be returned to the monitoring well through the return system. The purge water management system prevents the purge water from coming in contact with the outside environment, especially oxygen, which might cause the constituents of the groundwater to oxidize. Therefore, by introducing the purge water back into the monitoring well, the necessity of dealing with the purge water as a hazardous waste under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act is eliminated.

Cardoso-Neto, Joao E. (North Augusta, SC); Williams, Daniel W. (Aiken, SC)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Purge water management system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A purge water management system is described for effectively eliminating the production of purge water when obtaining a groundwater sample from a monitoring well. In its preferred embodiment, the purge water management system comprises an expandable container, a transportation system, and a return system. The purge water management system is connected to a wellhead sampling configuration, typically permanently installed at the well site. A pump, positioned with the monitoring well, pumps groundwater through the transportation system into the expandable container, which expands in direct proportion with volume of groundwater introduced, usually three or four well volumes, yet prevents the groundwater from coming into contact with the oxygen in the air. After this quantity of groundwater has been removed from the well, a sample is taken from a sampling port, after which the groundwater in the expandable container can be returned to the monitoring well through the return system. The purge water management system prevents the purge water from coming in contact with the outside environment, especially oxygen, which might cause the constituents of the groundwater to oxidize. Therefore, by introducing the purge water back into the monitoring well, the necessity of dealing with the purge water as a hazardous waste under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act is eliminated.

Cardoso-Neto, J.E.; Williams, D.W.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

NETL: Water-Energy Interface - Power Plant Water Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanofiltration Treatment Options for Thermoelectric Power Plant Water Treatment Demands Nanofiltration Treatment Options for Thermoelectric Power Plant Water Treatment Demands Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) is conducting a study on the use of nanofiltration (NF) treatment options to enable use of non-traditional water sources as an alternative to freshwater make-up for thermoelectric power plants. The project includes a technical and economic evaluation of NF for two types of water that contain moderate to high levels of total dissolved solids (TDS): (1) cooling tower recirculating water and (2) produced waters from oil & gas extraction operations. Reverse osmosis (RO) is the most mature and commonly considered option for high TDS water treatment. However, RO is generally considered to be too expensive to make treatment of produced waters for power plant use a feasible application. Therefore, SNL is investigating the use of NF, which could be a more cost effective treatment option than RO. Similar to RO, NF is a membrane-based process. Although NF is not as effective as RO for the removal of TDS (typical salt rejection is ~85 percent, compared to >95 percent for RO), its performance should be sufficient for typical power plant applications. In addition to its lower capital cost, an NF system should have lower operating costs because it requires less pressure to achieve an equivalent flux of product water.

293

Heterogeneous ice nucleation and water uptake by field-collected atmospheric particles below 273 K  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric ice formation induced by particles with complex chemical and physical properties through heterogeneous nucleation is not well understood. Heterogeneous ice nucleation and water uptake by ambient particles collected from urban environments in Los Angeles and Mexico City are presented. Using a vapour controlled cooling system equipped with an optical microscopy, the range of onset conditions for ice nucleation and water uptake by the collected particles was determined as a function of temperature (200{273 K) and relative humidity with respect to ice (RHice) up to water saturation. Three distinctly different types of authentic atmospheric particles were investigated including soot particles associated with organics/inorganics, inorganic particles of marine origin coated with organic material, and Pb/Zn containing inorganic particles apportioned to anthropogenic emissions relevant to waste incineration. Single particle characterization was provided by micro-spectroscopic analyses using computer controlled scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive analysis of X-rays (CCSEM/EDX) and scanning transmission X-ray microscopy with near edge X-ray absorption ne structure spectroscopy (STXM/NEXAFS). Above 230 K, signicant differences in water uptake and immersion freezing effciencies of the different particle types were observed. Below 230 K, the particles exhibited high deposition ice nucleation effciencies and formed ice at RHice values well below homogeneous ice nucleation limits. The data show that the chemical composition of these eld{collected particles plays an important role in determining water uptake and immersion freezing. Heterogeneous ice nucleation rate coeffcients, cumulative ice nuclei (IN) spectrum, and IN activated fraction for deposition ice nucleation are derived. The presented ice nucleation data demonstrate that anthropogenic and marine particles comprising of various chemical and physical properties exhibit distinctly different ice nucleation effciencies and can serve as effcient IN at atmospheric conditions typical for cirrus and mixed phase clouds. This indicates a potential link between human activities and cloud formation, and thus climate.

Wang, Bingbing; Laskin, Alexander; Roedel, Tobias R.; Gilles, Marry K.; Moffet, Ryan C.; Tivanski, Alexei V.; Knopf, Daniel A.

2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

294

Water Resources In Nepal: Institutional Analysis Based On Legal Provisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-pricing approach is used. While pricing for urban s. THAPA MAGAR: Water Resources in Nepal 221 water supply and electricity, traditional accounting approach of costing is practised. The most recent electricity tariff fixation is, however, a departure from... for the implications on the enactment of the Canal and Electricity. The policy on irrigation was first adopted in 2045 focusing on people's participatory management from the HMG level. In 2049, HMG came up with overall management of water resources with umbrella...

Magar, Shyamu Thapa

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Water Vapor, Condensed Water, and Crystal Concentration in Orographically Influenced Cirrus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results are presented from measurements made with a counterflow virtual impactor (CVI) in cirriform clouds containing crystals with dimensions typically less than 30 ?m. Independent measurements of crystal number concentration and cloud water ...

Johan Ström; Jost Heintzenberg

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Solar water heaters | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

heaters heaters Jump to: navigation, search (The following text is derived from the United States Department of Energy's description of Solar Water Heating technology.)[1] Solar Water Heater One of the most cost-effective ways to include renewable technologies into a building is by incorporating solar hot water. A typical residential solar water-heating system reduces the need for conventional water heating by about two-thirds. It minimizes the expense of electricity or fossil fuel to heat the water and reduces the associated environmental impacts. Solar Water Heating for Buildings Most solar water-heating systems for buildings have two main parts: (1) a solar collector and (2) a storage tank. The most common collector used in solar hot water systems is the flat-plate collector. Solar water heaters use the sun to heat either water

297

Retrofit Legislation at the Urban Level  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retrofit Legislation at the Urban Level Retrofit Legislation at the Urban Level In March, the city of Berkeley, California, passed new legislation that should serve as a model for local policies intended to keep energy dollars within the community while protecting the environment. The Commercial Energy Conservation Ordinance (CECO) is based on a similar ordinance that has been law since 1989 in San Francisco, Berkeley's neighbor across the Bay. San Francisco is currently the only other city in the world to have this type of legislation. As part of the Berkeley Municipal Code, CECO requires commercial buildings to undergo energy conservation retrofits when they are sold or substantially renovated. CECO was designed with the participation of LBL's Kristin Heinemeier, who also works with the Berkeley

298

NICKEL SPECIATION OF URBAN PARTICULATE MATTER  

SciTech Connect

A four-step sequential Ni extraction method, summarized in Table AB-1, was evaluated for identifying and quantifying the Ni species occurring in urban total suspended particulate (TSP) matter and fine particulate matter (<10 {micro}m [PM{sub 10}] and <2.5 {micro}m [PM{sub 2.5}] in aerodynamic diameter). The extraction method was originally developed for quantifying soluble, sulfidic, elemental, and oxidic forms of Ni that may occur in industrial atmospheres. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and x-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy were used to evaluate the Ni species selectivity of the extraction method. Uncertainties in the chemical speciation of Ni in urban PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2.5} greatly affect inhalation health risk estimates, primarily because of the large variability in acute, chronic, and cancer-causing effects for different Ni compounds.

Kevin C. Galbreath; Charlene R. Crocker; Carolyn M. Nyberg; Frank E. Huggins; Gerald P. Huffman

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Urban Network Systems - Technologies and Best Practices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the results of Phase II of a multiyear effort to identify noteworthy practices in managing urban network systems. The report profiles the practices (people, processes, and technology) in place at one host utility, The Illuminating Company (CEI), a FirstEnergy company serving the greater Cleveland area. In addition, this report highlights the similarities and differences in practices in place at The Illuminating Company and at two other utilities, Seattle City Light (SCL) and Con Edi...

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

300

An overview on the Urban Boundary-layer Atmosphere Network in Helsinki  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Helsinki UrBAN (Urban Boundary-layer Atmosphere Network, http://urban.fmi.fi) is a dedicated research-grade observational network where we study the physical processes in the atmosphere above the city. Helsinki UrBAN is the most poleward intensive urban ...

Wood CR; Järvi L; Kouznetsov RD; Nordbo A; Joffre S; Drebs A; Vihma T; Hirsikko A; Suomi I; Fortelius C; O'Connor E; Moiseev D; Haapanala S; Moilanen J; Kangas M; Karppinen A; Vesala T; Kukkonen J

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Conversion of agricultural land to urban use  

SciTech Connect

The large amount of land lost each year to urbanization has led nearly all states to adopt legislation that grants tax preferences to agricultural land use. Several studies have analyzed the effects of such policies on the rate of land development and on the total amount of land eventually developed. However, these studies have only analyzed permanent tax-rate changes despite the fact that most such changes are temporary. A distinction is made in this study between temporary, permanent, anticipated, and unanticipated tax-rate increases. Using a hedonic approach, the elasticity of supply of urban fringe land in McHenry County, Illinois is estimated to be approximately 0.30, which indicates that the amount of land converted to urban use is unlikely to be affected much by these polices. The hedonic approach as usually implemented is shown to lead to inconsistent parameter estimates. A consistent estimation procedure is proposed that produces testable cross-equation restrictions. A restriction is implied in the empirical section of this study by the use of the Box-Cox transformation to generalize functional form; it is tested and is not rejected. However, little is known about the small-sample properties of this transformation. To rectify this, a Monte Carlo study is conducted of the performance of Lagrange Multiplier tests for incorrect functional form and heteroskedasticity in a model that uses this transformation.

McMillen, D.P.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Urban Turbulence in Space and in Time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The utility of aggregating data from near-surface meteorological networks for initiating dispersion models is examined by using data from the “WeatherBug” network that is operated by Earth Networks, Inc. WeatherBug instruments are typically ...

Bruce B. Hicks; William J. Callahan; William R. Pendergrass III; Ronald J. Dobosy; Elena Novakovskaia

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

A study of the factors affecting the sustainability of community managed rural water supply schemes in Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disparities in water supply coverage in urban and rural areas are high in developing countries, with rural coverage being much lower. The inability of governments to provide the service because of resource constraints, and ...

Amerasinghe, Nishanthi Manjula

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Watering the slums : how a utility and its street-level bureaucrats connected the poor in Bangalore  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation is about how urban water utilities behave and what makes them interested in serving the poor. The infrastructure literature tends to treat public service agencies as monolithic entities and to ignore the ...

Connors, Genevieve

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Passive gust load alleviation through bend-twist coupling of composite beams on typical commercial airplane wings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of bend-twist coupling on typical commercial airplane wings are evaluated. An analytical formulation of the orthotropic box beam bending stiffness matrix is derived by combining Euler-Bernoulli beam theory and ...

Gauthier Perron, Sébastien

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Turbid water Clear water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: The submersible laser bathymetric (LBath) optical system is capable of simultaneously providing visual images- dynamical wing. This underwater package is pulled through the water by a single towed cable with fiber optic special high energy density optical fibers. A remote Pentium based PC also at the surface is used

Jaffe, Jules

307

More Than “Not Urban”: Seeking a Quantifiable Definition of Rural  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010. “2010 Census Urban and Rural Classification and Urbanwillamson_2003.cfm. California Rural Legal Assistance, Inc.and Opportunities in Four Rural Americas. Durham: University

Miller, Ruth

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Urban Bias, Rural Sexual Minorities, and the Courts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sexual-Minority Adolescents in Rural Communities in British1967)). Id. Urban Bias, Rural Sexual Minorities entationsitive to the fact that many rural sexual minorities engage

Luke, Boso

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Decentralizing urbanization : harnessing the potential of small cities in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Perceived as symbols of national development or degeneration, megacities continue to dominate discourse and action related to urbanization, particularly in developing countries like India. Simultaneously, a large portion ...

Suri, Sagarika

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

ICLEI Sustainable Urban Energy Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ICLEI Sustainable Urban Energy Planning ICLEI Sustainable Urban Energy Planning Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: ICLEI Sustainable Urban Energy Planning Agency/Company /Organization: ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics: Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.iclei.org/ References: ICLEI Homepage [1] "ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability is an international association of local governments as well as national and regional local government organizations that have made a commitment to sustainable development."[1] Sustainable Urban Energy Planning: A handbook for cities and towns in developing countries

311

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Urban Electric Vehicle Specificatio...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Test Procedures to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Urban Electric Vehicle Specifications and Test Procedures on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Vehicle...

312

Urban Eyes: Ultra-wideband (UWB) Detecting and Tracking  

California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, under Contract No. W-7405-Eng-48. UCRL-PRES-217242 • Urban Eyes is a man-portable micro-power

313

Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Project (URBAN LEDS) AgencyCompany Organization ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics Low...

314

Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Countries (URBAN-LEDS) AgencyCompany Organization ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, European Commission, UN Habitat Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable...

315

Adapting Urban Transport to Climate Change- Module 5f - Sustainable...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Urban Transport to Climate Change- Module 5f - Sustainable transport: a sourcebook for policy-makers in developing cities Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Adapting...

316

Urban Search and Rescue Robots Nationwide Deploy for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... aquatic emergency response robots from across the country will face realistic urban search and rescue challenges April 4-6 at Disaster City near ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

317

Global cooling: increasing world-wide urban albedos to offset...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In addition, increasing urban albedo can result in less absorption of incoming solar radiation by the surface-troposphere system, countering to some extent the global scale...

318

Cosmopolis Now: Urban Narratives in the Age of Global Migration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rishora. “The Passionate Cosmopolitan in Salman Rushdie’sCraig Young, eds. Cosmopolitan Urbanism. London: Routledge,Keith, After the Cosmopolitan? : Multicultural Cities and

Jirn, Jin Suh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Urban Electric Vehicle Special...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Special Projects to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Urban Electric Vehicle Special Projects on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity:...

320

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Urban Electric Vehicle Testing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Testing Reports to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Urban Electric Vehicle Testing Reports on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Discussions@TMS - What are the recycling trends between urban ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 4, 2007 ... Topic Title: What are the recycling trends between urban and rural areas and are there any specific infrastructure needs? Topic Summary: ...

322

Urban aerosols harbor diverse and dynamic bacterial populations  

Urban aerosols harbor diverse and dynamic bacterial populations Eoin L. Brodie, Todd Z. DeSantis, Jordan P. Moberg Parker, Ingrid X. Zubietta, Yvette M. Piceno, and ...

323

Urban-rural differences in distal forearm fractures: Cohort Norway  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

with increasing degree of urbanization for both genders in ... The capital city of Oslo still had a higher incidence ... energy wrist fracture have osteoporosis (T-

324

Quality and Price Perceptions of Urban Chinese Consumers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Abstract Quality and price are two product attributes that urban Chinese consumers always take into consideration in the evaluation of alternative brands. Understanding how they… (more)

Zhang , Chun

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Texas Avenue mixed-use urban street redevelopment, Lubbock, Texas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis focused primarily on establishing design principles for mixed-use urban street redevelopment. This study began with a literature review exploring the history of modern… (more)

[No author

326

Studies of urban atmospheric aerosols using lidar and sky radiometer.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

???This thesis discusses the remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols, the corresponding instrumental technology and inversion algorithm. The urban aerosol optical properties in Hong Kong have… (more)

Yang, Xun (??)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

BNL | TCP News | NYU's Center for Urban Science and Progress ...  

... and emergency preparedness to some of the real problems facing New York and other urban communities is exciting to our engineers and scientists," ...

328

taking charge : optimizing urban charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis analyses the opportunities and constraints of deploying charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles in urban environments. Existing electric vehicle charging infrastructure for privately owned vehicles ...

Subramani, Praveen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Definition: Water Cooling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Cooling Water Cooling Water cooling is commonly defined as a method of using water as a heat conduction to remove heat from an object, machine, or other substance by passing cold water over or through it. In energy generation, water cooling is typically used to cool steam back into water so it can be used again in the generation process.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Water cooling is a method of heat removal from components and industrial equipment. As opposed to air cooling, water is used as the heat conductor. Water cooling is commonly used for cooling automobile internal combustion engines and large industrial facilities such as steam electric power plants, hydroelectric generators, petroleum refineries and chemical plants. Other uses include cooling the barrels of machine guns, cooling of

330

Water Intoxication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2008, May 14). Too much water raises seizure risk in babies.id=4844 9. Schoenly, Lorry. “Water Intoxication and Inmates:article/246650- overview>. 13. Water intoxication alert. (

Lingampalli, Nithya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Characterizing Variability of the Urban Physical Environment for a Suite of Cities in Rondônia, Brazil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Urban environments are characterized by high spectral and spatial heterogeneity and, as a consequence, most urban pixels in moderate-resolution imagery contain multiple land-cover materials. Despite these complexities, virtually all urban land ...

Rebecca L. Powell; Dar A. Roberts

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Combined hydraulic and black-box models for flood forecasting in urban drainage systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Rapid urbanization and its implications for both water quality issues and floods have increased the need for modeling of urban drainage systems. Many operational models are based on deterministic solutions of hydraulic equations. Improving such models by adding a “black-box ” component to deal with any systematic structure in the residuals is proposed. In this study, a conventional deterministic stormwater drainage network model is first developed for a rapidly developing catchment using the HYDROWORKS ?now called Infoworks ? package, from Wallingford Software in the United Kingdom. However, despite the generally satisfactory results, the HYDROWORKS model tended to underestimate the flow volume. In this paper, a black-box or “systems ” model is fitted to the hydraulic urban drainage model in order to improve its overall efficiency. A study was conducted of suitable black-box models, which included the nonlinear artificial neural network model ?ANN?, and the linear time series models of Box and Jenkins in 1976. They were added to either the output ?in simulation mode ? or, in updating mode, to the residuals ?i.e., difference between modeled and measured output ? of the deterministic hydraulic model. The updating procedure provided a considerable improvement in the overall model efficiency for different lead-time forecasting. In simulation mode, however, only the nonlinear ANN model gave better performance in calibration, and a slight improvement in validation.

Michael Bruen; M. Asce; Jianqing Yang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

DC's Marble ceiling : urban height and its regulation in Washington, DC; Urban height and its regulation in Washington, DC.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Washington, DC has a unique urban form that is the result of a century-old law. Through the narrow lens of DC's height limit, I survey… (more)

Trueblood, Andrew Tyson

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

taking charge : optimizing urban charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles; Optimizing urban charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis analyses the opportunities and constraints of deploying charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles in urban environments. Existing electric vehicle charging infrastructure for privately… (more)

Subramani, Praveen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Pharmaceutical Waters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Water treatment process for water for injection (WFI)...deionization WFI production Evaporation still or vapor compression...

336

Water Snakes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation WATER SNAKES Contrary to popular belief, the Water Moccasin commonly known as the...

337

Water Quality Criteria Development for Iron  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current national water quality criterion for iron — a criterion continuous concentration of 1 mg Fe/L — was derived 25 years ago. Such ambient water quality criteria are typically derived from toxicity tests in which the reagent grade chemical is dissolved in clean laboratory water. However, due to the complexity of iron speciation in freshwater, adverse effects of iron precipitates on habitat quality, and access of organisms to food, standard toxicity assays may not adequately assess the...

2004-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

338

Urban household energy use in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

Changes in household fuel and electricity use that accompany urbanization in Third World countries bear large economic and environmental costs. The processes driving the fuel transition, and the policy mechanisms by which it can be influenced, need to be better understood for the sake of forecasting and planning, especially in the case of electricity demand. This study examines patterns of household fuel use and electrical appliance utilization in Bangkok, Chieng Mai and Ayutthaya, Thailand, based on the results of a household energy survey. Survey data are statistically analyzed using a variety of multiple regression techniques to evaluate the relative influence of various household and fuel characteristics on fuel and appliance choice. Results suggest that changes to the value of women's time in urban households, as women become increasingly active in the labor force, have a major influence on patterns of household energy use. The use of the home for small-scale commercial activities, particularly food preparation, also has a significant influence on fuel choice. In general, household income does not prove to be an important factor in fuel and appliance selection in these cities, although income is closely related to total electricity use. The electricity use of individual household appliances is also analyzed using statistical techniques as well as limited direct metering. The technology of appliance production in Thailand is evaluated through interviews with manufacturers and comparisons of product performance. These data are used to develop policy recommendations for improving the efficiency of electrical appliances in Thailand by relying principally on the dynamism of the consumer goods market, rather than direct regulation. The annual electricity savings from the recommended program for fostering rapid adoption of efficient technologies are estimated to reach 1800 GWh by the year 2005 for urban households alone.

Tyler, S.R.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Modeling Suburban and Rural-Residential Development Beyond the Urban Fringe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impacts on Agriculture and Rural Land. ” Agricultural2003. “Biodiversity across a Rural Land-Use Gradient. ”Managing Urban Growth at the Rural-Urban Fringe: A Parcel-

Newburn, David A.; Berck, Peter

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Urban Policies and Earthquake Risk Mitigation  

SciTech Connect

The paper aims at proposing some considerations about some recent experiences of research carried out on the theme of earthquake risk mitigation and combining policies and actions of mitigation with urban development strategies. The objective was to go beyond the classical methodological approach aiming at defining a 'technical' evaluation of the earthquake risk through a procedure which can correlate the three 'components' of danger, exposure and vulnerability. These researches experiment, in terms of methodology and application, with a new category of interpretation and strategy: the so-called Struttura Urbana Minima (Minimum urban structure).Actually, the introduction of the Struttura Urbana Minima establishes a different approach towards the theme of safety in the field of earthquake risk, since it leads to a wider viewpoint, combining the building aspect of the issue with the purely urban one, involving not only town planning, but also social and managerial implications.In this sense the constituent logic of these researches is strengthened by two fundamental issues:- The social awareness of earthquake;- The inclusion of mitigation policies in the ordinary strategies for town and territory management. Three main aspects of the first point, that is of the 'social awareness of earthquake', characterize this issue and demand to be considered within a prevention policy:- The central role of the risk as a social production,- The central role of the local community consent,- The central role of the local community capability to planTherefore, consent, considered not only as acceptance, but above all as participation in the elaboration and implementation of choices, plays a crucial role in the wider issue of prevention policies.As far as the second point is concerned, the inclusion of preventive mitigation policies in ordinary strategies for the town and territory management demands the identification of criteria of choice and priorities of intervention and, as a consequence, the opportunity to promote an approach to the theme of mitigation policies realized through strategic principles and systemic logics able to shift the problem from the building to the town. The critical aspects of this theme are tied to three main issues:- The sharing of the way of interpreting town planning,- The integration of multiple objectives in one intervention tool,- The measures which can be adopted for an effective prevention policy.The above-mentioned elements have inspired these researches experimented on Calabrian towns.In particular, in this paper the experience carried out on Reggio Calabria is proposed. Its cultural roots derive from the principles and criteria experimented in small Calabrian towns, but it modifies them according to the complexity of the urban settlement, introducing also some experimental concepts and methodological approaches.

Sarlo, Antonella [Department of Architecture and Analysis of Mediterranean City Mediterranea University, via Melissari-Feo di Vito, 89124 Reggio Calabria (Italy)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Ultralight Stainless Steel Urban Bus Concept  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

While stainless steel buses are certainly not new, this study reveals opportunities for substantial improvements in structural performance.The objective of this project was to investigate the mass saving potential of ultra-high strength stainless steel as applied to the structure of a full size urban transit bus.The resulting design for a low floor,hybrid bus has an empty weight less than half that of a conventional transit bus.The reduced curb weight allows for a greater payload,without exceeding legal axle limits. A combination of finite element modeling and dynamic testing of scale models was used to predict structural performance.

J. Bruce Emmons; Leonard J. Blessing

2001-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

342

Simulating the Impact of Climate Change on Runoff in a Typical River Catchment of the Loess Plateau, China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global warming will have direct impacts on regional water resources by accelerating the hydrological cycle. Hydrological simulation is an important approach to studying climate change impacts. In this paper, a snowmelt-based water balance model (...

G. Q. Wang; J. Y. Zhang; Y. Q. Xuan; J. F. Liu; J. L. Jin; Z. X. Bao; R. M. He; C. S. Liu; Y. L. Liu; X. L. Yan

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Simulating the Impact of Climate Change on Runoff in a Typical River Catchment of the Loess Plateau, China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global warming will have direct impacts on regional water resources by accelerating the hydrological cycle. Hydrological simulation is an important approach to studying climate change impacts. In this paper, a Snowmelt-based Water Balance Model (...

G. Q. Wang; J. Y. Zhang; Y. Q. Xuan; J. L. Jin; Z. X. Bao; R. M. He; C. S. Liu; Y. L. Liu; X. L. Yan

344

Interactive design of urban spaces using geometrical and behavioral modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main contribution of our work is in closing the loop between behavioral and geometrical modeling of cities. Editing of urban design variables is performed intuitively and visually using a graphical user interface. Any design variable can be constrained ... Keywords: 3D models, editing, interactive, urban spaces

Carlos A. Vanegas; Daniel G. Aliaga; Bed?ich Beneš; Paul A. Waddell

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Climatology of Chicago Area Urban-Rural Differences in Humidity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hourly measurements at an urban airport and at a rural laboratory have been used in a study of Chicago area urban-rural humidity differences. Although the relative humidity was usually lower in the city than in the country, largely a consequence ...

Bernice Ackerman

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Modelling the upgrade of an urban waste disposal system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The waste intermodal station of Clyde, in the city of Sydney, Australia, is in the heart of a complex network of terminals connected by road and rail to transport urban waste from its first collection to its final disposal. The amount of waste the network ... Keywords: Discrete-event simulation, Intermodal transfer, Satellite stations, Urban solid waste, Waste collection

G. Guariso; F. Michetti; F. Porta; S. Moore

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Modeling heavy metal mass releases from urban battery litter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Consumer batteries littered on urban pavements release metals of environmental significance (Ag, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Li, Mn, Ni, Pd, Ti, Zn) to stormwater runoff. Predicting the mass loading of any one metal is difficult because of the random composition ... Keywords: Heavy metals, filtered Poisson process, Mass loading, zinc, Stormwater contamination, Urban battery litter

Caleb Krouse; Aaron A. Jennings; Dario Gasparini

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

The Shear Layer above and in Urban Canopies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nature and role of the shear layer, which occurs at the level of the average building height in urban canopies, are poorly understood. Velocity data are analyzed to determine the characteristics of the shear layer of the urban canopy, defined ...

Pablo Huq; Louis A. White; Alejandro Carrillo; Jose Redondo; Seshu Dharmavaram; Steven R. Hanna

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

The city at hand: media installations as urban information systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an approach to design a novel system for presenting data related to a city in an intuitive and metaphorical way. By using interactive surfaces and the coupling of information with graspable physical objects, urban data, maps and ... Keywords: HCI, collaboration, interaction design, maps, multimedia, paper-pen metaphor, presentation system, tangible interface, tangible interfaces, urban information system

Roland Haring; Hideaki Ogawa; Christopher Lindinger; Horst Hörtner; Shervin Afshar; David Stolarsky

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Investigating Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This 3-ring binder contains teaching plans for 12 lessons on topics such as "Water in Our Daily Lives," "The Water Cycle," "Amazing Aquifers," "Water and Soil," "Aquatic Ecosystems," and "Water Wise Use." Accompanying each lesson plan are activity and record sheets for hands-on learning experiences. This curriculum is intended for students in about 4th to 8th grades.

Howard Jr., Ronald A.

2002-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

351

Improving Building Performance at Urban Scale with a Framework for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building Performance at Urban Scale with a Framework for Building Performance at Urban Scale with a Framework for Real-time Data Sharing Title Improving Building Performance at Urban Scale with a Framework for Real-time Data Sharing Publication Type Conference Proceedings LBNL Report Number LBNL-6303E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Pang, Xiufeng, Tianzhen Hong, and Mary Ann Piette Date Published 05/2013 Keywords building performance, energy efficiency, energy modeling, optimal operation, urban scale. Abstract This paper describes work in progress toward an urban-scale system aiming to reduce energy use in neighboring buildings by providing three components: a database for accessing past and present weather data from high quality weather stations; a network for communicating energy-saving strategies between building owners; and a set of modeling tools for real-time building energy simulation.

352

Brazil-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Brazil-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) Agency/Company /Organization ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, European Commission, UN Habitat Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Buildings, Buildings - Commercial, Buildings - Residential, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.iclei.org/fileadmin Program Start 2012 Program End 2015 Country Brazil South America References UN-Habitat and European Commission sign major agreement on lower-emission city growth; ICLEI as main implementing partner[1]

353

India-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

India-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging India-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name India-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) Agency/Company /Organization ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, European Commission, UN Habitat Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Buildings, Buildings - Commercial, Buildings - Residential, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.iclei.org/fileadmin Program Start 2012 Program End 2015 Country India Southern Asia References UN-Habitat and European Commission sign major agreement on lower-emission city growth; ICLEI as main implementing partner[1]

354

Energy Department Announces the SUN Project, Empowering Urban Native Youth  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Department Announces the SUN Project, Empowering Urban Energy Department Announces the SUN Project, Empowering Urban Native Youth in STEM Education Energy Department Announces the SUN Project, Empowering Urban Native Youth in STEM Education November 13, 2013 - 4:50pm Addthis Energy Department Announces the SUN Project, Empowering Urban Native Youth in STEM Education Andre H. Sayles, Ph.D. Andre H. Sayles, Ph.D. Principal Deputy Director of the Office of Economic Impact and Diversity and Acting Deputy Director of the Office of Minority Business and Economic Development Recently, I had the honor of announcing the launch of the SUN Project, a collaboration between the U.S. Department of Energy and the American Indian Science and Engineering Society to engage urban Native American youth in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields.

355

September 18, 2012, Webinar: Wind Energy in Urban Environments | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 18, 2012, Webinar: Wind Energy in Urban Environments September 18, 2012, Webinar: Wind Energy in Urban Environments September 18, 2012, Webinar: Wind Energy in Urban Environments This webinar was held September 18, 2012, and provided information on wind energy installations in Boston Harbor in Hull, Massachusetts, and near downtown Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Download the presentations below, watch the webinar (WMV 128 MB), or read the text version. Find more CommRE webinars. Lessons Learned: Milwaukee's Wind Turbine Project This presentation provided information on the A-to-Z basics for constructing a wind turbine in an urban environment as well as the lessons learned. The City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, found that information and transparency were two key items that helped win over local officials and the public when planning their 100-kilowatt urban wind project. Learn more

356

Indonesia-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) Agency/Company /Organization ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, European Commission, UN Habitat Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Buildings, Buildings - Commercial, Buildings - Residential, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.iclei.org/fileadmin Program Start 2012 Program End 2015 Country Indonesia South-Eastern Asia References UN-Habitat and European Commission sign major agreement on lower-emission city growth; ICLEI as main implementing partner[1]

357

Property:PotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVGeneration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVGeneration PotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVGeneration Jump to: navigation, search Property Name PotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVGeneration Property Type Quantity Description The estimated potential energy generation from utility-scale PV in urban areas of a particular place. Use this type to express a quantity of energy. The default unit for energy on OpenEI is the Kilowatt hour (kWh), which is 3,600,000 Joules. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unit_of_energy It's possible types are Watt hours - 1000 Wh, Watt hour, Watthour Kilowatt hours - 1 kWh, Kilowatt hour, Kilowatthour Megawatt hours - 0.001 MWh, Megawatt hour, Megawatthour Gigawatt hours - 0.000001 GWh, Gigawatt hour, Gigawatthour Joules - 3600000 J, Joules, joules Pages using the property "PotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVGeneration"

358

Energy Department Announces the SUN Project, Empowering Urban Native Youth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Department Announces the SUN Project, Empowering Urban Energy Department Announces the SUN Project, Empowering Urban Native Youth in STEM Education Energy Department Announces the SUN Project, Empowering Urban Native Youth in STEM Education November 13, 2013 - 4:50pm Addthis Energy Department Announces the SUN Project, Empowering Urban Native Youth in STEM Education Andre H. Sayles, Ph.D. Andre H. Sayles, Ph.D. Principal Deputy Director of the Office of Economic Impact and Diversity and Acting Deputy Director of the Office of Minority Business and Economic Development Recently, I had the honor of announcing the launch of the SUN Project, a collaboration between the U.S. Department of Energy and the American Indian Science and Engineering Society to engage urban Native American youth in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields.

359

A selection framework for infrastructure condition monitoring technologies in water and wastewater networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The global water sector faces significant challenges to maintain secure and reliable service provision in the context of ageing infrastructure, urban growth, and with investment capacity constrained by user affordability. As part of an on-going effort ... Keywords: Asset management, Condition monitoring, Intelligent Networks, Pipe networks, Water/wastewater

P. Davis; E. Sullivan; D. Marlow; D. Marney

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Simulation of Control Options for HVAC Management of a Typical Office Julien CAILLET julien.caillet@mines-paristech.fr  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulation of Control Options for HVAC Management of a Typical Office Building. Julien CAILLET thermal comfort and to reduce energy consumption of buildings. Among defect correction, HVAC control appears as a way of significant improvement. HVAC control is examined by using a dynamic simulation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Sources and Fates of Dissolved Organic Carbon in Rural and Urban Watersheds in Brazos County, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Bryan/College Station (B/CS) region has been reported to have elevated concentrations of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in surface water. Increased DOC concentrations are worrisome as DOC has been shown to be an energy source for the recovery and regrowth of E. coli and many watersheds are impaired by high bacteria levels. To examine the sources and fates of DOC in rural and urban regions to better understand DOC movement though the environment, seven watersheds were studied. To investigate source, streams were analyzed using diffuse reflectance near infrared spectroscopy (DR-NIR) and carbon isotopes. Fate of DOC was determined through monthly streams samples, gathered between March 2011 and February 2012, which were incubated for biodegradable DOC (BDOC). Soil in the region was sampled based on land use categories. Soil was analyzed for DOC and BDOC as well as DOC adsorption, the other major fate of DOC. Above ground vegetation was sampled in conjunction with soil and analyzed for BDOC. Data indicated that fecal matter from cliff swallows provided considerable organic material to streams in the B/CS region as shown through DR-NIR. Carbon isotope values in streams ranged from -23.5 +/- 0.7% to -26.8 +/- 0.5%. Stream spectra may be able to predict carbon isotope values in streams (Adj. R2 = 0.88). Mean annual stream DOC concentrations ranged from 11 +/- 3 mg/L to 31 +/- 12 mg/L, which represents a significant decrease in DOC between 2007 and 2011. Concurrent increases in pH and conductivity were also recorded. The decrease in DOC and the increases in pH and conductivity may be due to impacts of high sodium irrigation tap water. Biodegradable DOC was low in streams, which is likely due to DOC being present in streams in refractory forms that are resistant to microbial breakdown. Soil chemistry, including soil adsorption, was greatly influenced by sodium. The elevated adsorption coefficients and release values seen in highly developed and urban open areas can be attributed to frequent exposure to high sodium irrigation water. The results indicate that sodium is a major driver of DOC in the system. Sound management decisions concerning irrigation water chemistry and urban development might eventually emerge to protect water quality as a result of this research.

Cioce, Danielle

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Energy Basics: Water Heating  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Storage Water Heaters Tankless Demand Water Heaters Heat Pump Water Heaters Solar Water Heaters Tankless Coil & Indirect Water Heaters Water Heating A variety of...

363

Federal Water Use Indices | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Water Use Indices Federal Water Use Indices Federal Water Use Indices FEMP provides water use indices as a guide for Federal agencies. Note that each is a rough estimate of water usage at different types of sites. Your site may vary considerably. The following indices should be used only to assist in determining baseline data when no other information is available on site water usage. Conversion factors for the Federal water use indices are also available. Source: American Water Works Association 1996. Data represents gallons per unit per day. Commercial User Unit Range Typical Airport Passenger 4-5 3 Apartment house Person 100-200 100 Boarding house Person 25-50 40 Hotel Guest 40-60 50 Employee 8-13 10 Lodging house and tourist home Guest 30-50 40 Motel Guest 25-40 35

364

An Examination of the Professional Challenges, Job Satisfaction, and Intention to Leave the Profession of Urban Elementary Special Education Teachers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Special education teachers are under tremendous pressure to deliver a personalized educational experience to special needs children while, at the same time, operating within an equal opportunity, politically driven educational system. Urban teachers are under even more constraints since urban public schools do not typically have the resources, materials, and support from parents needed to deliver the best possible educational experience to students. In 2000, Coleman suggested that caseloads followed closely by paperwork are the biggest concerns of special education teachers. This author further suggests that, on average, special education teachers prepare fifty lessons per day for special needs children, and spend one to two days per week managing paperwork. Budgetary constraints in urban schools further place obstacles in front of special education teachers who must make do with materials and training that are incomplete or out of date. Professional challenges may be the reason behind a lack of special education teachers in urban areas, and the fact that the demand for special education teachers was outpacing the number of special education teachers entering the field. The purpose of this study is to explore five research questions that examine the antecedents to an urban elementary special education teacher's intentions to leave the special education profession. Five professional challenges were developed from extant literature to test their influence on job satisfaction and three constructs from the theory of planned behavior. Job satisfaction and these three constructs were tested for their predictive validity influencing a subject's behavior intention to leave the profession. Using a non-random, purposeful sample of 79 certified special education teachers in urban Texan school districts, a quantitative method using multiple regression was used to test nine correlations. Results suggest that professional challenges significantly influence job satisfaction and perceived behavioral control from the theory of planned behavior. Behavior intention to leave the profession was significantly influenced by job satisfaction, attitudes about leaving the profession, and perceived behavioral control. Attitudes about leaving the profession were significantly influenced by job satisfaction. The subjective norms construct was not a significant predictor of behavior intention, and neither attitude nor subjective norms was influenced by professional challenges.

Meloncon, Brenda

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Marginalized Monitoring: Adaptively Managing Urban Stormwater  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Case Study from Racine, Wisconsin, USA – 12 A QUATIC Eand harbor - Milwaukee, Wisconsin. E. coli , Enterococcus,water in Racine, Wisconsin. Human-specific Bacteroides , E.

Scanlan, Melissa K; Tai, Stephanie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

URBANISM AND ENERGY IN DEVELOPING REGIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and kiln-fired red brick; propane space heating; kerosenetion spreading, cooking: propane pre­ dominates; kerosene astrucks and tricycle for propane. water very scarce and

Meier, Richard L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Urban Form Energy Use and Emissions in China: Preliminary Findings and Model Proof of Concept  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

urban form level the World Bank's Energy Sector Managementbees/. World Bank (ESMAP). 2009. " Energy Efficient Cities

Aden, Nathaniel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

A deterministic air quality forecasting system for Torino urban area, Italy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An urban air quality forecasting system for Torino city has been developed, within the EU funded project FUMAPEX, to support the prevention and management of urban air pollution episodes. The proposed forecasting system is designed to provide stakeholders ... Keywords: Air quality forecasting, Air quality management, Chemical transport models, Urban air pollution, Urban meteorology

S. Finardi; R. De Maria; A. D'Allura; C. Cascone; G. Calori; F. Lollobrigida

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

An Overview of the Urban Boundary Layer Atmosphere Network in Helsinki  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Helsinki Urban Boundary-Layer Atmosphere Network (UrBAN: http://urban.fmi.fi) is a dedicated research-grade observational network where the physical processes in the atmosphere above the city are studied. Helsinki UrBAN is the most poleward intensive ...

C. R. Wood; L. Järvi; R. D. Kouznetsov; A. Nordbo; S. Joffre; A. Drebs; T. Vihma; A. Hirsikko; I. Suomi; C. Fortelius; E. O'Connor; D. Moiseev; S. Haapanala; J. Moilanen; M. Kangas; A. Karppinen; T. Vesala; J. Kukkonen

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Future Urban Transport, Berkeley, 19-21 May 2008 International Comparative Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Future Urban Transport, Berkeley, 19-21 May 2008 International Comparative Study of Mega Transport Director of OMEGA Centre University College London Conference on Future Urban Transport Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport May 19-21, 2008 #12;Future Urban Transport, Berkeley, 19-21 May 2008 Overall

California at Berkeley, University of

371

Urban Ecosystems, 7: 175178, 2004 c 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Manufactured in The Netherlands.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and ecosystem function in the urban fringe. Nassauer, Allan, Johengan, Kosek, and Infante examine how

Wu, Jianguo "Jingle"

372

Global Cooling: Effect of Urban Albedo on Global Temperature  

SciTech Connect

In many urban areas, pavements and roofs constitute over 60% of urban surfaces (roof 20-25%, pavements about 40%). The roof and the pavement albedo can be increased by about 0.25 and 0.10, respectively, resulting in a net albedo increase for urban areas of about 0.1. Many studies have demonstrated building cooling-energy savings in excess of 20% upon raising roof reflectivity from an existing 10-20% to about 60%. We estimate U.S. potential savings in excess of $1 billion (B) per year in net annual energy bills. Increasing albedo of urban surfaces can reduce the summertime urban temperature and improve the urban air quality. Increasing the urban albedo has the added benefit of reflecting more of the incoming global solar radiation and countering the effect of global warming. We estimate that increasing albedo of urban areas by 0.1 results in an increase of 3 x 10{sup -4} in Earth albedo. Using a simple global model, the change in air temperature in lowest 1.8 km of the atmosphere is estimated at 0.01K. Modelers predict a warming of about 3K in the next 60 years (0.05K/year). Change of 0.1 in urban albedo will result in 0.01K global cooling, a delay of {approx}0.2 years in global warming. This 0.2 years delay in global warming is equivalent to 10 Gt reduction in CO2 emissions.

Akbari, Hashem; Menon, Surabi; Rosenfeld, Arthur

2007-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

373

Ground Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water Nature Bulletin No. 408-A February 27, 1971 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation GROUND WATER We take...

374

Water Dogs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NA Question: I'd like to know about the water dogs and their life cycle? Replies: Water dog, or mud puppy, is a common name for a type of salamander that never develops lungs, but...

375

PHARMACOGNOSTIC STUDIES ON CENTELLA ASIATICA (L) URBAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT: The paper deals with pharmacognosy of Centella asiatica (L.) Urban, including its morphological, anatomical, chemical constituents and powder analysis. Stomata are mostly anisotricytic, isotricytic and few tetracytic. Sphaero-crystals of calcium oxalate are observed in palisade, spongy and ground parenchyma of leaf lamina, petiole and rhizome and absent in roots. Uniseriate flagellate conical hairs present only on abaxial surface of leaf and all over the petiole. The venation is palmatous actinodromous with six primary veins. Midrib consists of a single vascular bundle while petiole consists of 7 – 8, rhizome with numerous bundles are observed and root consists of tetrarch vascular bundle. Powder microscopically show fragment of epidermis, mesophyll, sphaero-crystals, trichomes, collenchyma and parenchyma of leaf, petiole, rhizome and root. Tracheary elements show annular helical and pitted types.

S. Jelani; F. Jabeen; M. Prabhakar; P. Leelavathi

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Evaluation of cooling performance of thermally activated building system with evaporative cooling source for typical United States climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cooling (TABS) with a cooling tower providing chilled waterevaporative cooling (cooling tower) for radiant ceiling slabradiant cooling with a cooling tower providing chilled water

Feng, Jingjuan; Bauman, Fred

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

National and Regional Water and Wastewater Rates For Use inCost-Benefit Models and Evaluations of Water Efficiency Programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calculating the benefits and costs of water conservation orefficiency programs requires knowing the marginal cost of the water andwastewater saved by those programs. Developing an accurate picture of thepotential cost savings from water conservation requires knowing the costof the last few units of water consumed or wastewater released, becausethose are the units that would be saved by increased water efficiency.This report describes the data we obtained on water and wastewater ratesand costs, data gaps we identified, and other issues related to using thedata to estimate the cost savings that might accrue from waterconservation programs. We identified three water and wastewater ratesources. Of these, we recommend using Raftelis Financial Corporation(RFC) because it: a) has the most comprehensive national coverage; and b)provides greatest detail on rates to calculate marginal rates. The figurebelow shows the regional variation in water rates for a range ofconsumption blocks. Figure 1A Marginal Rates of Water Blocks by Regionfrom RFC 2004Water and wastewater rates are rising faster than the rateof inflation. For example, from 1996 to 2004 the average water rateincreased 39.5 percent, average wastewater rate increased 37.8 percent,the CPI (All Urban) increased 20.1 percent, and the CPI (Water andSewerage Maintenance) increased 31.1 percent. On average, annualincreases were 4.3 percent for water and 4.1 percent for wastewater,compared to 2.3 percent for the All Urban CPI and 3.7 percent for the CPIfor water and sewerage maintenance. If trends in rates for water andwastewater rates continue, water-efficient products will become morevaluable and more cost-effective.

Fisher, Diane C.; Whitehead, Camilla Dunham; Melody, Moya

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Water Bugs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bugs Bugs Nature Bulletin No. 221-A March 12, 1966 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation WATER BUGS It is fascinating to lie in a boat or on a log at the edge of the water and watch the drama that unfolds among the small water animals. Among the star performers in small streams and ponds are the Water Bugs. These are aquatic members of that large group of insects called the "true bugs", most of which live on land. Moreover, unlike many other types of water insects, they do not have gills but get their oxygen directly from the air. Those that do go beneath the surface usually carry an oxygen supply with them in the form of a shiny glistening sheath of air imprisoned among a covering of fine waterproof hairs. The common water insect known to small boys at the "Whirligig Bug" is not a water bug but a beetle.

379

Asymptotic of the largest and typical dimensions of isotypic components of tensor representations of the symmetric group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vershik and Kerov in \\cite{VK85} gave asymptotical bounds for the maximal and typical dimensions of the irreducible representations of the symmetric group. It was conjectured by Grigori Olshanski that the maximal and typical dimensions of the isotypical components of the representations in the base of Schur-Weyl duality accept similar asymptotical bounds. Using the method of Vershik and Kerov the conjecture of Grigori Olshanski is proven in this paper. More precisely, consider the tensor representation of the symmetric group on $N$ letters on the space $(C^r)^{\\tensor N}$. The isotypical components of this representation are parametrized by Young diagrams with $N$ cells and at most $r$ rows, and the relative dimensions of these components give rise to a measure on the set of such Young diagrams. Philippe Biane in \\cite{Biane2001} found the limit shape of a typical Young diagram with respect to this measure in the limit when $N$ grows and $\\sqrt{N}/r$ converges to a constant. By showing that this limit shape i...

Mkrtchyan, Sevak

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Tankless Demand Water Heater Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Demand Water Heater Basics Demand Water Heater Basics Tankless Demand Water Heater Basics August 19, 2013 - 2:57pm Addthis Illustration of an electric demand water heater. At the top of the image, the heating unit is shown. Cold water flows in one end of a pipe, flows through and around several curved pipes over the heating elements, and out the other end as hot water. Beneath the heating unit, a typical sink setup is shown. The sink has two pipes coming out the bottom, one for the hot water line and one for the cold water line. Both pipes lead to the heating unit, which is installed in close proximity to the area of hot water use, and is connected to a power source (110 or 220 volts). Demand (tankless or instantaneous) water heaters have heating devices that are activated by the flow of water, so they provide hot water only as

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Tankless Demand Water Heater Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tankless Demand Water Heater Basics Tankless Demand Water Heater Basics Tankless Demand Water Heater Basics August 19, 2013 - 2:57pm Addthis Illustration of an electric demand water heater. At the top of the image, the heating unit is shown. Cold water flows in one end of a pipe, flows through and around several curved pipes over the heating elements, and out the other end as hot water. Beneath the heating unit, a typical sink setup is shown. The sink has two pipes coming out the bottom, one for the hot water line and one for the cold water line. Both pipes lead to the heating unit, which is installed in close proximity to the area of hot water use, and is connected to a power source (110 or 220 volts). Demand (tankless or instantaneous) water heaters have heating devices that are activated by the flow of water, so they provide hot water only as

382

EXTENSION WATER SUMMIT PRIORITY: WATER CONSERVATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXTENSION WATER SUMMIT PRIORITY: WATER CONSERVATION Leadership Team Subcommittee: Joan Bradshaw Michael Dukes Pierce Jones Kati Migliaccio #12;Water Conservation - Situation · Florida water supplies;Water Conservation Initiative 2: Enhancing and protecting water quality, quantity, and supply Priority 1

Slatton, Clint

383

Environmental impacts and sustainability of degraded water reuse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Greater urban demand for finite water resources to meet domestic, agricultural, industrial, and recreational needs; increased frequency of drought resulting from erratic weather; and continued degradation of available water resources from point and nonpoint sources of pollution have focused attention on the reuse of degraded waters as a potential water source. However, short- and long-term detrimental environmental impacts and sustainability of degraded water reuse are not well known or understood. These concerns led to the organization of the 2007 ASA-CSSA-SSSA Symposium entitled Environmental Impacts and Sustainability of Degraded Water Reuse. Out of this symposium came a special collection of 4 review papers and 12 technical research papers focusing on various issues associated with the reuse of agricultural drainage water, well water generated in the production of natural gas from coalbeds, municipal wastewater and biosolids, wastewater from confined animal operations, urban runoff, and food-processing wastewater. Overviews of the papers, gaps in knowledge, and future research directions are presented. The future prognosis of degraded water reuse is promising, provided close attention is paid to managing constituents that pose short- and long-term threats to the environment and the health of humankind.

Corwin, D.L.; Bradford, S.A. [USDA ARS, Riverside, CA (United States). US Salin Laboratory

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

384

The Sourcebook on Sustainable Urban Transport | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sourcebook on Sustainable Urban Transport Sourcebook on Sustainable Urban Transport Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: The Sourcebook on Sustainable Urban Transport Agency/Company /Organization: GIZ Focus Area: Other Topics: Policy Impacts Resource Type: Reports, Journal Articles, & Tools Website: www.sutp.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=426&Itemid=189& The Sourcebook addresses the key areas of a sustainable transport policy framework for developing cities. It consists of more than twenty modules addressing the following themes: institutional and policy orientation; land use planning and demand management; transit, walking, and cycling; vehicles and fuels; environment and health; and social issues in transport. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=The_Sourcebook_on_Sustainable_Urban_Transport&oldid=515034"

385

Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Countri (URBAN-LEDS) Countri (URBAN-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries (URBAN-LEDS) Agency/Company /Organization ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, European Commission, UN Habitat Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Buildings, Buildings - Commercial, Buildings - Residential, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.iclei.org/fileadmin Program Start 2012 Program End 2015 Country Brazil, India, Indonesia, South Africa South America, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Southern Africa References UN-Habitat and European Commission sign major agreement on lower-emission city growth; ICLEI as main implementing partner[1]

386

Infinite urban landscapes : a journey through Cambridge, Massachusetts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study explores how the forms of urban landscapes influence and reflect physical and metaphorical journeys through a city. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the artist and researcher investigates the diverse landscapes ...

Brunetto, Leah B. (Leah Beth)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Urban oasis : the central market redevelopment of Hong Kong  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the ultra-urban centers of today, "nature" has become a precious resource that often gets sacrificed in the name of progress and development. The presence of nature has become increasingly elusive in the concrete jungle ...

Kwok, Sean Zee, 1975-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

VELO[city] : rethinking the multi-modal urban station  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Train travel was once integral to the urban condition. Railway stations and rural depots were designed as machines for efficiency and it was within the station that one could escape the chaos of the city to become a part ...

Dickson, Amanda, 1974-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

An urban infill : a residual site in Boston  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is concerned with the treatment of residual sites in the context of the urban environment and in particular with the wounds inflicted by the passage of the Massachusetts Turnpike through the city of Boston. The ...

Savvides, Andreas L. (Andreas Loucas)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Considerations in the recycling of urban parking garages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Because of the decreasing use of private automobiles in city centers and because of usual development pressures, some urban parking garages will become available for replacement or recycling. The choice between replacement ...

Paul, Michael Johannes

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Sustainable urban mobility : exploring the role of the built environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation examines the concept of sustainable mobility within an urban context. In essence, the research aims to answer the question, "What role does a city's built environment play, if any, in the sustainability ...

Zegras, Pericles Christopher, 1968-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Exploring urban resilience : violence and infrastructure provision in Karachi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Urban Resilience and Chronic Violence project at MIT extends the scientific concept of resilience to the analysis of chronic conflict. This thesis builds upon the project by testing the usefulness of a socio-spatial ...

Raman, Prassanna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Intensifying urban thresholds : building continuity for New Bedfords's waterfront  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores issues of urban form through an understanding of vernacular traditions in a local context. The exploration consists of looking at the characteristics of a particular place in an attempt to understand ...

Hollister, Susan Elizabeth

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

The Network Analysis of Urban Streets: A Primal Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The network metaphor in the analysis of urban and territorial cases has a long tradition especially in transportation/land-use planning and economic geography. More recently, urban design has brought its contribution by means of the "space syntax" methodology. All these approaches, though under different terms like accessibility, proximity, integration,connectivity, cost or effort, focus on the idea that some places (or streets) are more important than others because they are more central. The study of centrality in complex systems,however, originated in other scientific areas, namely in structural sociology, well before its use in urban studies; moreover, as a structural property of the system, centrality has never been extensively investigated metrically in geographic networks as it has been topologically in a wide range of other relational networks like social, biological or technological. After two previous works on some structural properties of the dual and primal graph representations of urban street ne...

Porta, S; Latora, V; Porta, Sergio; Crucitti, Paolo; Latora, Vito

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Measurements of Boundary Layer Profiles in an Urban Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Boundary layer profiles of mean temperature, velocity, and small-scale turbulence from in situ sensors, Doppler lidar, sodar, and rawinsondes are intercompared for an urban environment. A new Doppler lidar algorithm is presented to produce high-...

Rod Frehlich; Yannick Meillier; Michael L. Jensen; Ben Balsley; Robert Sharman

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Indoor Environment and Energy Consumption of Urban Residential...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Indoor Environment and Energy Consumption of Urban Residential Buildings in China Speaker(s): Hiroshi Yoshino Date: September 18, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 In China, the...

397

Property:PotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVCapacity | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVCapacity PotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVCapacity Jump to: navigation, search Property Name PotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVCapacity Property Type Quantity Description The nameplate capacity technical potential from utility-scale PV in urban areas of a particular place. Use this property to express potential electric energy generation, such as Nameplate Capacity. The default unit is megawatts (MW). For spatial capacity, use property Volume. Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: 1 MW,MWe,megawatt,Megawatt,MegaWatt,MEGAWATT,megawatts,Megawatt,MegaWatts,MEGAWATT,MEGAWATTS 1000 kW,kWe,KW,kilowatt,KiloWatt,KILOWATT,kilowatts,KiloWatts,KILOWATT,KILOWATTS 1000000 W,We,watt,watts,Watt,Watts,WATT,WATTS 1000000000 mW,milliwatt,milliwatts,MILLIWATT,MILLIWATTS 0.001 GW,gigawatt,gigawatts,Gigawatt,Gigawatts,GigaWatt,GigaWatts,GIGAWATT,GIGAWATTS

398

Guidelines and Toolkits for Urban Transport Development in Medium Sized  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Guidelines and Toolkits for Urban Transport Development in Medium Sized Guidelines and Toolkits for Urban Transport Development in Medium Sized Cities in India Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Guidelines and Toolkits for Urban Transport Development in Medium Sized Cities in India Agency/Company /Organization: Asian Development Bank Focus Area: Governance - Planning - Decision-Making Structure Topics: Best Practices Complexity/Ease of Use: Not Available Website: sti-india-uttoolkit.adb.org/ Transport Toolkit Region(s): Asia Related Tools Promoting Clean Cars: Case Study of Stockholm and Sweden MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) The World Bank - Transport ... further results Find Another Tool FIND TRANSPORTATION TOOLS This resource is designed to help decision makers and practitioners in states and municipal governments who are concerned with urban transport

399

Indonesia-GTZ Emissions Reductions in Urban Transport | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reductions in Urban Transport Reductions in Urban Transport Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Indonesia-GTZ Emissions Reductions in Urban Transport Name Indonesia-GTZ Emissions Reductions in Urban Transport Agency/Company /Organization GTZ Partner Ministry of Transportation Sector Energy Focus Area Transportation Topics Background analysis Website http://www.gtz.de/en/themen/um Program Start 2008 Program End 2012 Country Indonesia UN Region South-Eastern Asia References GTZ Transport & Climate Change Website[1] GTZ is working with Indonesia on this program with the following objective: "Indonesian cities increasingly plan and implement measures for a transport system that is energy efficient as well as environmentally and climate friendly." Background of the project is the absence of a national policy on

400

Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Wind Energy in Urban  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stories: Wind Energy in Urban Stories: Wind Energy in Urban Environments Webinar (text version) Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Wind Energy in Urban Environments Webinar (text version) Below is the text version of the Webinar titled "Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Wind Energy in Urban Environments," originally presented on September 18, 2012. Sarah Busche: Good afternoon everyone and welcome to today's webinar sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy. This is Sarah Busche and I'm here with Jimmy Jones. We're broadcasting live from the National Renewable Energy Lab in Golden, Colorado. We'll give folks a few more minutes to log on and call in but while we wait Jim is going to go over some logistics and then we'll get started with today's webinar. Jimmy?

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Impact of Urban Effects on Precipitation in High Latitudes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This numerical study examines the impact of urban growth and release of aerosols, moisture, and heat on precipitation for Fairbanks, Alaska, a remote city at high latitude. The remote location allows atmospheric changes to be attributed to the ...

Nicole Mölders; Mark A. Olson

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Comparison of Four Methods to Estimate Urban Heat Storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relative performance of four independent methods to estimate the magnitude and diurnal behavior of net heat storage fluxes (?QS) in a city center is assessed. This heat flux is a significant but understudied component of the urban surface ...

Sarah M. Roberts; T. R. Oke; C. S. B. Grimmond; J. A. Voogt

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

An Evaluation of Boundary Conditions for Modeling Urban Boundary Layers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Numerical modeling of the urban boundary layer is complicated by the need to describe airflow patterns outside of the computational domain. These patterns have an impact on how successfully the simulation is able to model the turbulence associated with the urban boundary layer. This talk presents experiments with the model boundary conditions for simulations that were done to support two Department of Energy observational programs involving the Salt Lake City basin. The Chemical/Biological Non-proliferation Program (CBNP) is concerned with the effects of buildings on influencing dispersion patterns in urban environments. The Vertical Transport and Mixing Program (VTMX) investigating mixing mechanisms in the stable boundary layer and how they are influenced by the channeling caused by drainage flows or by obstacles such as building complexes. Both of these programs are investigating the turbulent mixing caused by building complexes and other urban obstacles.

Calhoun, R.J.; Chan, S.T.; Lee, R.L.

2000-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

404

The urban waterfront in flux : accommodating uncertainty in Brooklyn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Urban waterfronts are host to every shade of a city's development. Once pulsating with trade and production, the very reason for the city's existence, the mid 20th century brought jarring macroeconomic shifts and technological ...

Young, Jaime Renée

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Toward a Standardized Metadata Protocol for Urban Meteorological Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the growing number and significance of urban meteorological networks (UMNs) across the world, it is becoming critical to establish a standard metadata protocol. Indeed, a review of existing UMNs indicate large variations in the quality, quantity, and ...

Catherine L. Muller; Lee Chapman; C.S.B. Grimmond; Duick T. Young; Xiao-Ming Cai

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Cultural mobilities: diversity and agency in urban computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rise of wireless networks and portable computing devices has been accompanied by an increasing interest in technology and mobility, and in the urban environment as a site of interaction. However, most investigations have taken a relatively narrow ...

Paul Dourish; Ken Anderson; Dawn Nafus

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Parameterization of Net All-Wave Radiation for Urban Areas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple scheme to estimate net all-wave radiation (Q*) is evaluated using annual datasets in three urban settings (Chicago, Illinois; Los Angeles, California; and ?ód?, Poland). Results are compared with a regression model based on incoming ...

B. Offerle; C. S. B. Grimmond; T. R. Oke

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Beijing Urban Heat Island Intensity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An hourly dataset of automatic weather stations over Beijing Municipality in China is developed and is employed to analyze the spatial and temporal characteristics of urban heat island intensity (UHII) over the built-up areas. A total of 56 ...

Ping Yang; Guoyu Ren; Weidong Liu

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Urban redevelopment in sunbelt cities : strategies and approaches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most Sunbelt cities reflect the suburbanization that characterized urban growth and development over the past forty years. Given this dispersion, these cities often contain large areas of strategically located land that ...

Moore, James A. (James Andrew), 1959-

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Meteorological and Air Pollution Modeling for an Urban Airport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Preliminary results are presented for numerical experiments modeling meteorology, multiple pollutant sources and nonlinear photochemical reactions for the case of an airport in a large urban area with complex terrain. The meteorological model ...

Paul R. Swan; In Young Lee

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Influence of Urban Aerosol on Spectral Solar Irradiance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From a dataset of spectral distribution of global and disuse solar irradiances measured in Barcelona during the last three years, the influence of turbidity caused by urban aerosol on spectral composition of solar radiation and transmissivity of ...

J. Lorente; A. Redañ; X. De Cabo

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Who is buying urban condominiums? : a tale of four cities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is an analysis of the current trend in urban condominium and loft sales in the United States. It focuses specifically on the question of whom, demographically speaking, is buying the incredible influx of new ...

DeLaney, Robert M. (Robert Michael)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Estimating material and energy intensities of urban areas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this thesis is to develop methods to estimate, analyze and visualize the resource intensity of urban areas. Understanding the resource consumption of the built environment is particularly relevant in cities ...

Quinn, David James, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Adaptation and adaptability : expectant design for resilience in coastal urbanity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What is the nature of and possibility for urban resiliency through adaptation? Adaptation implies responsiveness to phenomena that are disruptive to a system's functioning; it is a willful evolution in response to changed ...

Ruskeepää, Laura A. Delaney (Laura Ashley Delaney)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Athens 1833-1979 : the dynamics of urban growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

His thesis deals with the urban development of the city of Athens since its foundation as the capital of the newborn Greek State (1833) , until our days. The study focuses on two particular characteristics that dominate ...

Loukopoulos, Dimitris

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

China's Urban Energy: Status, Trends and Community Energy Planning  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Date: September 29, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-4133 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Rui Fan Along with economic development and the urbanization process, energy use in China has...

417

Modification of an Operational Dispersion Model for Urban Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An operational multisource, multireceptor Gaussian dispersion model, the Danish regulatory model Operationelle Meteorologiske Luftkvalitetsmodeller (OML) has been modified for applications in urban environments. A so-called roughness sublayer has ...

Peter de Haan; Mathias W. Rotach; Maja Werfeli

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Modeling Turbulent Flow in an Urban Central Business District  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Realistic Urban Spread and Transport of Intrusive Contaminants (RUSTIC) model has been developed as a simplified computational fluid dynamics model with a k–? turbulence model to be used to provide moderately fast simulations of turbulent ...

Donald A. Burrows; Eric A. Hendricks; Steve R. Diehl; Robert Keith

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Estimating Urban Canopy Parameters Using Synthetic Aperture Radar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a remote sensing–based approach to rapidly derive urban morphological characteristics using radar satellite data. The approach is based on the expectation that the magnitude of the synthetic aperture radar (SAR) backscatter ...

Indumathi Jeyachandran; Steven J. Burian; Stephen W. Stetson

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Proximity of body & mind : urban gym as a heterotopic domain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present urban space, where an individual is exposed to the conditions of heterogeneity and anonymity, a conventional Bodybuilding Gym opens up certain issues of emplacement of un/nder-spoken men's body and its ...

Lee, Hyung Suk, 1971-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Panel data analyses of urban economics and housing markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thesis looks three pertinent issues in Housing Market and Urban Economics literature with panel data- home sales and house price relationship, efficiency of housing market and commercial property taxation. For the first ...

Lee, Nai Jia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Edens islands rooms : the project of the urban interior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The privately owned public interior, defined here as an enclosed urban space owned by a private entity, has been a recurrent character of many 20th century liberal cities. It has today found an epitome in the mega-structural ...

Mahindroo, Amrita

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Lawrence Livermore signs agreement to work with Center for Urban...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

signs agreement to work with Center for Urban Science and Progress Stephen P Wampler, LLNL, (925) 423-3107, wampler1@llnl.gov Printer-friendly In the future, researchers from...

424

Between external and internal space : an urban transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this dissertation is to explore the evolution of both architecture and urban space, in terms of mutual relationship between solids and voids, with particular attention to two transitional moments of ancient and ...

Cappelletti Daniele

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Urban mechanics : the parking garage as an instrument of legibility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No typology has fragmented urban space more than the parking garage. In fact, the city of Houston's parking contingent practice has a resulted in a garage on 30% of the downtown district.The range from a few underground ...

Martinez, Marcus E. (Marcus Eugene)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

The engineers and the urban system, 1968-1974/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The social policy agenda of the Great Society was shaped by the recognition that if broad social improvement was to be achieved in urban America, social planning and state intervention based on systemically acquired expertise ...

Wood, Alexander Hilton

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

An Urban Parameterization for a Global Climate Model. Part II: Sensitivity to Input Parameters and the Simulated Urban Heat Island in Offline Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a companion paper, the authors presented a formulation and evaluation of an urban parameterization designed to represent the urban energy balance in the Community Land Model. Here the robustness of the model is tested through sensitivity ...

K. W. Oleson; G. B. Bonan; J. Feddema; M. Vertenstein

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Estimating the Urban Heat Island Contribution to Urban and Rural Air Temperature Differences over Complex Terrain: Application to an Arid City  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study proposes a method for estimating the canopy-layer net urban heat island (UHI) in regions with complex terrain that lack preurban observations. The approach is based on a linear relationship between the urban–rural temperature ...

Hadas Saaroni; Baruch Ziv

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Seasonal Variations of the Urban Heat Island at the Surface and the Near-Surface and Reductions due to Urban Vegetation in Mexico City  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The contrast of vegetation cover in urban and surrounding areas modulates the magnitude of the urban heat island (UHI). This paper examines the seasonal variations of the UHI using the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), surface ...

Yu Yan Cui; Benjamin de Foy

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Impacts of Urban Processes and Urbanization on Summer Precipitation: A Case Study of Heavy Rainfall in Beijing on 1 August 2006  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finescale simulations (with 500-m grid spacing) using the Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) were used to investigate impacts of urban processes and urbanization on a localized, summer, heavy rainfall in Beijing. Evaluation using radar ...

Shiguang Miao; Fei Chen; Qingchun Li; Shuiyong Fan

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Estimating the Urban Bias of Surface Shelter Temperatures Using Upper-Air and Satellite Data. Part II: Estimation of the Urban Bias  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A methodology is presented for estimating the urban bias of surface shelter temperatures due to the effect of the urban heat island. Multiple regression techniques were used to predict surface shelter temperatures based on the time period 1986?89 ...

David L. Epperson; Jerry M. Davis; Peter Bloomfield; Thomas R. Karl; Alan L. McNab; Kevin P. Gallo

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Integration of Lidar Data into a Coupled Mesoscale–Land Surface Model: A Theoretical Assessment of Sensitivity of Urban–Coastal Mesoscale Circulations to Urban Canopy Parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Urban–coastal circulations affect urban weather, dispersion and transport of pollutants and contaminants, and climate. Proper characterization and prediction of thermodynamic and dynamic processes in such environments are warranted. A new ...

Michael Carter; J. Marshall Shepherd; Steve Burian; Indu Jeyachandran

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Chinese Mothers and Adolescents' Views of Parent-Adolescent Conflict and the Quality of Their Relationship ---- A study of parent-adolescent relationship in urban and rural China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in contemporary urban and rural China. Child Development,between the urban and rural areas in China. Productivityadolescents in urban and rural China. Journal of Research on

Chen, Min

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Reusing Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reusing Water Reusing Water Reusing Water Millions of gallons of industrial wastewater is recycled at LANL by virtue of a long-term strategy to treat wastewater rather than discharging it into the environment. April 12, 2012 Water from cooling the supercomputer is release to maintain a healthy wetland. Contact Environmental Communication & Public Involvement P.O. Box 1663 MS M996 Los Alamos, NM 87545 (505) 667-0216 Email We reuse the same water up to six times before releasing it back into the environment cleaner than when it was pumped. How many times does LANL reuse water? Wastewater is generated from some of the facilities responsible for the Lab's biggest missions, such as the cooling towers of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center, one of the Lab's premier science research

435

Renewable Energy in Water and Wastewater Treatment Applications; Period of Performance: April 1, 2001--September 1, 2001  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This guidebook will help readers understand where and how renewable energy technologies can be used for water and wastewater treatment applications. It is specifically designed for rural and small urban center water supply and wastewater treatment applications. This guidebook also provides basic information for selecting water resources and for various kinds of commercially available water supply and wastewater treatment technologies and power sources currently in the market.

Argaw, N.

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Characterization of coastal urban watershed bacterial communities leads to alternative community-based indicators  

SciTech Connect

Microbial communities in aquatic environments are spatially and temporally dynamic due to environmental fluctuations and varied external input sources. A large percentage of the urban watersheds in the United States are affected by fecal pollution, including human pathogens, thus warranting comprehensive monitoring. Using a high-density microarray (PhyloChip), we examined water column bacterial community DNA extracted from two connecting urban watersheds, elucidating variable and stable bacterial subpopulations over a 3-day period and community composition profiles that were distinct to fecal and non-fecal sources. Two approaches were used for indication of fecal influence. The first approach utilized similarity of 503 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) common to all fecal samples analyzed in this study with the watershed samples as an index of fecal pollution. A majority of the 503 OTUs were found in the phyla Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Actinobacteria. The second approach incorporated relative richness of 4 bacterial classes (Bacilli, Bacteroidetes, Clostridia and a-proteobacteria) found to have the highest variance in fecal and non-fecal samples. The ratio of these 4 classes (BBC:A) from the watershed samples demonstrated a trend where bacterial communities from gut and sewage sources had higher ratios than from sources not impacted by fecal material. This trend was also observed in the 124 bacterial communities from previously published and unpublished sequencing or PhyloChip- analyzed studies. This study provided a detailed characterization of bacterial community variability during dry weather across a 3-day period in two urban watersheds. The comparative analysis of watershed community composition resulted in alternative community-based indicators that could be useful for assessing ecosystem health.

Wu, C.H.; Sercu, B.; Van De Werhorst, L.C.; Wong, J.; DeSantis, T.Z.; Brodie, E.L.; Hazen, T.C.; Holden, P.A.; Andersen, G.L.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Retrieval of Atmospheric Profiles from Satellite Radiance Data by Typical Shape Function Maximum a Posteriori Simultaneous Retrieval Estimators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The retrieval of vertical profiles of temperature and water vapor from atmospheric radiances is an ill-posed, nonlinear inversion problem. A linear retrieval estimator must be cast in a form which both minimizes the effects of unmodeled nonlinear ...

Michael J. Uddstrom

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

A Prototype Radon Filter for Air A typical, recurring problem in low-background physics is the contamination of sensitive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). 4.1.5 Early attempts Swing systems are used extensively in industrial air separation processes. The charcoal has been initially washed with water to rid it of dust, and then put in an oven to dry

439

Water Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- National Energy Technology Laboratory Office of Systems Analyses and Planning EUEC Energy & Environment Conference 2008, EPS,1292008 2 * Water Scarcity Seen Dampening Case...

440

Water and Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water in swimming pool Water and Energy The water and energy technology research focuses on improving the efficiency of energy and water use in water delivery, supply and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Energy Basics: Water Heating  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

about: Conventional Storage Water Heaters Demand (Tankless or Instantaneous) Water Heaters Heat Pump Water Heaters Solar Water Heaters Tankless Coil and Indirect Water Heaters...

442

CALTECH CORE-COLLAPSE PROJECT (CCCP) OBSERVATIONS OF TYPE IIn SUPERNOVAE: TYPICAL PROPERTIES AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THEIR PROGENITOR STARS  

SciTech Connect

Type IIn supernovae (SNe IIn) are rare events, constituting only a few percent of all core-collapse SNe, and the current sample of well-observed SNe IIn is small. Here, we study the four SNe IIn observed by the Caltech Core-Collapse Project (CCCP). The CCCP SN sample is unbiased to the extent that object selection was not influenced by target SN properties. Therefore, these events are representative of the observed population of SNe IIn. We find that a narrow P-Cygni profile in the hydrogen Balmer lines appears to be a ubiquitous feature of SNe IIn. Our light curves show a relatively long rise time (>20 days) followed by a slow decline stage (0.01-0.15 mag day{sup -1}), and a typical V-band peak magnitude of M{sub V} = -18.4 {+-} 1.0 mag. We measure the progenitor star wind velocities (600-1400 km s{sup -1}) for the SNe in our sample and derive pre-explosion mass-loss rates (0.026-0.12 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}). We compile similar data for SNe IIn from the literature and discuss our results in the context of this larger sample. Our results indicate that typical SNe IIn arise from progenitor stars that undergo luminous-blue-variable-like mass loss shortly before they explode.

Kiewe, Michael; Gal-Yam, Avishay; Arcavi, Iair [Benoziyo Center for Astrophysics, Faculty of Physics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel); Leonard, Douglas C.; Emilio Enriquez, J. [Department of Astronomy, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 (United States); Bradley Cenko, S. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Fox, Derek B. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Moon, Dae-Sik [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4 (Canada); Sand, David J.; Soderberg, Alicia M., E-mail: avishay.gal-yam@weizmann.ac.il [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

WaterSense Program: Methodology for National Water Savings Analysis Model Indoor Residential Water Use  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) influences the market for plumbing fixtures and fittings by encouraging consumers to purchase products that carry the WaterSense label, which certifies those products as performing at low flow rates compared to unlabeled fixtures and fittings. As consumers decide to purchase water-efficient products, water consumption will decline nationwide. Decreased water consumption should prolong the operating life of water and wastewater treatment facilities.This report describes the method used to calculate national water savings attributable to EPA?s WaterSense program. A Microsoft Excel spreadsheet model, the National Water Savings (NWS) analysis model, accompanies this methodology report. Version 1.0 of the NWS model evaluates indoor residential water consumption. Two additional documents, a Users? Guide to the spreadsheet model and an Impacts Report, accompany the NWS model and this methodology document. Altogether, these four documents represent Phase One of this project. The Users? Guide leads policy makers through the spreadsheet options available for projecting the water savings that result from various policy scenarios. The Impacts Report shows national water savings that will result from differing degrees of market saturation of high-efficiency water-using products.This detailed methodology report describes the NWS analysis model, which examines the effects of WaterSense by tracking the shipments of products that WaterSense has designated as water-efficient. The model estimates market penetration of products that carry the WaterSense label. Market penetration is calculated for both existing and new construction. The NWS model estimates savings based on an accounting analysis of water-using products and of building stock. Estimates of future national water savings will help policy makers further direct the focus of WaterSense and calculate stakeholder impacts from the program.Calculating the total gallons of water the WaterSense program saves nationwide involves integrating two components, or modules, of the NWS model. Module 1 calculates the baseline national water consumption of typical fixtures, fittings, and appliances prior to the program (as described in Section 2.0 of this report). Module 2 develops trends in efficiency for water-using products both in the business-as-usual case and as a result of the program (Section 3.0). The NWS model combines the two modules to calculate total gallons saved by the WaterSense program (Section 4.0). Figure 1 illustrates the modules and the process involved in modeling for the NWS model analysis.The output of the NWS model provides the base case for each end use, as well as a prediction of total residential indoor water consumption during the next two decades. Based on the calculations described in Section 4.0, we can project a timeline of water savings attributable to the WaterSense program. The savings increase each year as the program results in the installation of greater numbers of efficient products, which come to compose more and more of the product stock in households throughout the United States.

Whitehead, Camilla Dunham; McNeil, Michael; Dunham_Whitehead, Camilla; Letschert, Virginie; della_Cava, Mirka

2008-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

444

Analyses of Nocturnal Temperature Cooling-Rate Response to Historical Local-Scale Urban Land-Use/Land Cover Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Urbanization affects near-surface climates by increasing city temperatures relative to rural temperatures [i.e., the urban heat island (UHI) effect]. This effect is usually measured as the relative temperature difference between urban areas and a ...

Winston T. L. Chow; Bohumil M. Svoma

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Underground Infrastructure Impacts Due to a Surface Burst Nuclear Device in an Urban Canyon Environment  

SciTech Connect

Investigation of the effects of a nuclear device exploded in a urban environment such as the Chicago studied for this particular report have shown the importance on the effects from the urban canyons so typical of today's urban environment as compared to nuclear test event effects observed at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and the Pacific Testing Area on which many of the typical legacy empirical codes are based on. This report first looks at the some of the data from nuclear testing that can give an indication of the damage levels that might be experienced due to a nuclear event. While it is well known that a above ground blast, even a ground burst, very poorly transmits energy into the ground ( < 1%) and the experimental results discussed here are for fully coupled detonations, these results do indicate a useful measure of the damage that might be expected. The second part of the report looks at effects of layering of different materials that typically would make up the near ground below surface environment that a shock would propagate through. As these simulations support and is widely known in the community, the effects of different material compositions in these layers modify the shock behavior and especially modify the energy dispersal and coupling into the basement structures. The third part of the report looks at the modification of the underground shock effects from a surface burst 1 KT device due to the presence of basements under the Chicago buildings. Without direct knowledge of the basement structure, a simulated footprint of a uniform 20m depth was assumed underneath each of the NGI defined buildings in the above ground environment. In the above ground case, the underground basement structures channel the energy along the line of site streets keeping the shock levels from falling off as rapidly as has been observed in unobstructed detonations. These simulations indicate a falloff of factors of 2 per scaled length as compared to 10 for the unobstructed case. Again, as in the above ground case, the basements create significant shielding causing the shock profile to become more square and reducing the potential for damage diagonal to the line of sight streets. The results for a 1KT device is that the heavily damaged zone (complete destruction) will extend out to 50m from the detonation ({approx}100m for 10KT). The heavily to moderately damaged zone will extend out to 100m ({approx}200m for 10KT). Since the destruction will depend on geometric angle from the detonation and also the variability of response for various critical infrastructure, for planning purposes the area out to 100m from the detonation should be assumed to be non-operational. Specifically for subway tunnels, while not operational, they could be human passable for human egress in the moderately damaged area. The results of the simulations presented in this report indicate only the general underground infrastructure impact. Simulations done with the actual basement geometry would be an important improvement. Equally as important or even more so, knowing the actual underground material configurations and material composition would be critical information to refine the calculations. Coupling of the shock data into structural codes would help inform the emergency planning and first response communities on the impact to underground structures and the state of buildings after the detonation.

Bos, Randall J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dey, Thomas N. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Runnels, Scott R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

446

RECOVERY OF DEGRADED HEAVY WATER AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER PLANT  

SciTech Connect

Information is presented on purification and reconcentration of heavy water at the Savannah River Plant. Process and equipment descriptions, typical operating costs, procedures for control of health hazards, standard analytical methods, and specifications for receipt of degraded heavy water for recovery at the Savannah River Plant are included. (auth)

Scotten, W.C.

1960-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Nissan Hypermini Urban Electric Vehicle Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), which is part of DOE’s FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program, in partnership with the California cities of Vacaville and Palm Springs, collected mileage and maintenance and repairs data for a fleet of eleven Nissan Hypermini urban electric vehicles (UEVs). The eleven Hyperminis were deployed for various periods between January 2001 and June 2005. During the combined total of 439 months of use, the eleven Hyperminis were driven a total of 41,220 miles by staff from both cities. This equates to an average use of about 22 miles per week per vehicle. There were some early problems with the vehicles, including a charging problem and a need to upgrade the electrical system. In addition, six vehicles required drive system repairs. However, the repairs were all made under warranty. The Hyperminis were generally well-liked and provided drivers with the ability to travel any of the local roads. Full charging of the Hypermini’s lithiumion battery pack required up to 4 hours, with about 8–10 miles of range available for each hour of battery charging. With its right-side steering wheel, some accommodation of the drivers’ customary driving methods was required to adapt for different blind spots and vehicle manipulation. For that reason, the drivers received orientation and training before using the vehicle. The Hypermini is instrumented in kilometers rather than in miles, which required an adjustment for the drivers to calculate speed and range. As the drivers gained familiarity with the vehicles, there was increased acceptance and a preference for using it over traditional city vehicles. In all cases, the Hyperminis attracted a great amount of attention and interest from the general public.

James Francfort; Robert Brayer

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Definition: Water Wheels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wheels Wheels Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Water Wheels A water wheel is a large wheel that takes energy in free-flowing or falling water and converts it into a useful form of energy.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A water wheel is a machine for converting the energy of free-flowing or falling water into useful forms of power, often in a watermill. A water wheel consists of a large wooden or metal wheel, with a number of blades or buckets arranged on the outside rim forming the driving surface. Most commonly, the wheel is mounted vertically on a horizontal axle, but the tub or Norse wheel is mounted horizontally on a vertical shaft. Vertical wheels can transmit power either through the axle or via a ring gear and typically drive belts or gears; horizontal wheels usually directly drive their load.

449

IEP - Water-Energy Interface: Regulatory Drivers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regulatory Drivers Regulatory Drivers Several legislative acts are in place that could potentially impact water quality requirements and water use for fossil energy production as well as electricity generation. These acts regulate pollutant discharge and water intake directly and indirectly. Under regulations established by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), these Acts serve to maintain and improve the Nation's water resources for uses including but not limited to agricultural, industrial, nutritional, and recreational purposes. The Clean Water Act - The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, more commonly known as the Clean Water Act, provides for the regulation of discharges to the nation's surface waters. To address pollution, the act specifies that the discharge of any pollutant by any person is unlawful except when in compliance with applicable permitting requirements. Initial emphasis was placed on "point source" pollutant discharge, but 1987 amendments authorized measures to address "non-point source" discharges, including stormwater runoff from industrial facilities. Permits are issued under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES), which designates the highest level of water pollution or lowest acceptable standards for water discharges. NPDES permits are typically administered by the individual states. With EPA approval, the states may implement standards more stringent than federal water quality standards, but may not be less stringent. Certain sections of the Act are particularly applicable to water issues related to power generation. These include:

450

Water Science and Technology Board. Annual report 1993-1994  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the activities of the Water Science and Technology Board during 1993-1994. The WSTB is intended to be a dynamic forum, a mechanism by which the broad community of water science, technology, and policy professionals can help assure high-quality national water programs. The principal products of WSTB studies are written reports which cover a wide range of water resources issues of current national concern. A few recent examples are: Alternatives for ground water cleanup; Managing wastewater in coastal urban areas; and, Water transfers in the West - efficiency, equity and the environment. Projects completed, ongoing studies and published reports are described in detail in their respective sections of this report.

Not Available

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Water Science and Technology Board. Annual report 1992-1993  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the activities of the Water Science and Technology Board during 1992. The WSTB is intended to be a dynamic forum, a mechanism by which the broad community of water science, technology, and policy professionals can help assure high-quality national water programs. The principal products of WSTB studies are written reports which cover a wide range of water resources issues of current national concern. A few recent examples are: Managing wastewater in coastal urban areas; Ground water vulnerability assessment; Water transfers in the West - efficiency, equity and the environment; and Opportunities in the hydrologic sciences. Projects completed, ongoing studies and published reports are described in detail in their respective sections of this report.

Not Available

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Dispersal and fallout simulations for urban consequences management (u)  

SciTech Connect

Hazardous chemical, biological, or radioactive releases from leaks, spills, fires, or blasts, may occur (intentionally or accidentally) in urban environments during warfare or as part of terrorist attacks on military bases or other facilities. The associated contaminant dispersion is complex and semi-chaotic. Urban predictive simulation capabilities can have direct impact in many threat-reduction areas of interest, including, urban sensor placement and threat analysis, contaminant transport (CT) effects on surrounding civilian population (dosages, evacuation, shelter-in-place), education and training of rescue teams and services. Detailed simulations for the various processes involved are in principle possible, but generally not fast. Predicting urban airflow accompanied by CT presents extremely challenging requirements. Crucial technical issues include, simulating turbulent fluid and particulate transport, initial and boundary condition modeling incorporating a consistent stratified urban boundary layer with realistic wind fluctuations, and post-processing of the simulation results for practical consequences management. Relevant fluid dynamic processes to be simulated include, detailed energetic and contaminant sources, complex building vortex shedding and flows in recirculation zones, and modeling of particle distributions, including particulate fallout, as well as deposition, re-suspension and evaporation. Other issues include, modeling building damage effects due to eventual blasts, addressing appropriate regional and atmospheric data reduction.

Grinstein, Fernando F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wachtor, Adam J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nelson, Matt [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brown, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bos, Randy [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Patnik, Gopal [US NAVAL RESEARCH LAB.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Water in the 21st Century  

SciTech Connect

This research project focused on sustainability issues in the southwest U.S. with an emphasis on water and energy. The efforts were directed through the UNLV Urban Sustainability Office with the funding used to develop a sustainability strategic plan; conduct extensive community outreach in the greater metropolitan area; provide seed money for multidisciplinary research teams to conduct studies in the areas of ecological, socio-cultural, and economic sustainability leading to community-based solutions; and to provide service-learning opportunities for UNLV graduate and undergraduate students. The research advanced understanding of urban and regional water issues with a particular focus on climate change and climate variability in the southwest. In addition, various events were held to promote discussion on energy, water, and sustainability discussions in the community. The impact of this research was broad dissemination of research through 13 peer-reviewed publications, learning opportunities for countless students as a result of class room equipment upgrades (see report for upgrade details), and new research funding for further advancement of these research efforts.

Piechota, Thomas C

2013-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

454

Water Efficiency Myths and Misconceptions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Myths and Misconceptions Efficiency Myths and Misconceptions Water Efficiency Myths and Misconceptions October 7, 2013 - 2:39pm Addthis Many Federal energy managers feel that water efficiency is not appropriate for their facility. The following is a list of the most common myths and misconceptions Federal agencies have concerning water efficiency and legislative mandates. Pie chart showing water use distribution in a typical office building. Domestic water use distribution accounts for 41%. Cooling and heating water use distribution accounts for 27%. Landscaping water use distribution accounts for 20%, Once-through cooling application water use distribution accounts for 2$. Kitchen water use distribution accounts for 1%. Miscellaneous water use distribution accounts for 9%.

455

The Energy General Store, sunscreen production and sales: A business plan for Tucson Urban League  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Tucson Urban League, in an effort to reduce its dependence on federal grants for the operation of community programs, proposes to establish a profit-making component of the agency which has been named Park Avenue Enterprises. Initially, Park Avenue Enterprises will consist of three divisions: Wood Unlimited, Weatherization-Home Repair, and The Energy General Store. Wood Unlimited will market, fabricate, and install wood products including cabinets, pallets, crates, and other custom items. The Weatherization-Home Repair division of PAE will be labor intensive and designed to provide unique energy-saving services. Finally, The Energy General Store division of PAE will provide goods and services conducive to principles of energy conservation: sunscreens, low-flow showerheads, energy-efficient light bulbs, toilet tank insert, and other conservation items. The Energy General Store is also planned to be a resource for information and ideas in energy and water conservation. This plan will use sunscreen production and marketing as its focus.

Clarke, R.; Goldberg, A.; Johnson, C.; Robinson, M.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Given that water is the sine qua non of life, it is intriguing that animals can live in deserts, environments with little  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in deserts, environments with little drinking water, high ambient temperatures (Ta), intense solar radiation, low humidity and desiccating winds. Because desert birds are typically diurnal, at times

Williams, Jos. B.

457

Ceramic coating system or water oxidation environments  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for water oxidation of combustible materials in which during at least a part of the oxidation corrosive material is present and makes contact with at least a portion of the apparatus over a contact area on the apparatus. At least a portion of the contact surface area comprises titanium dioxide coated onto a titanium metal substrate. Such ceramic composites have been found to be highly resistant to environments encountered in the process of supercritical water oxidation. Such environments typically contain greater than 50 mole percent water, together with oxygen, carbon dioxide, and a wide range of acids, bases, and salts. Pressures are typically about 27.5 to about 1000 bar while temperatures range as high as 700.degree. C. The ceramic composites are also resistant to degradation mechanisms caused by thermal stresses.

Hong, Glenn T. (Tewksbury, MA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Lloyd Crossing Sustainable Urban Design Plan and Catalyst Project - Portland, Oregon [2005 EDRA/Places Award -- Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Urban Design Plan and Catalyst Project—Portland, Oregonsensitivity. The associated Catalyst Project attempts toUrban Design Plan and Catalyst Project—Jury Comments Brager:

Hayter, Jason Alexander

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Water pollution  

SciTech Connect

Ballast water, which is sea water that is carried in oil tankers to provide stability, can become contaminated with oil. Alyeska Pipeline Service Company runs a water treatment plant at its pipeline terminal at Prot Valdez, Alaska, to treat ballast water before it is discharged into the sea. GAO reviewed EPA's recently reissued National Pollution Discharge Elimination System permit for the Port Valdez facility. In this report, GAO compares the effluent limits and other requirements under the reissued permit with those of the old permit, determines the reasons for changes in the reissued permit, and examines Alyeska's initial efforts to comply with the reissued permit's effluent limits and reporting requirements.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

On Climate Impacts of a Potential Expansion of Urban Land in Europe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the last two decades, a disproportional increase of urban land area in comparison with the population growth has been observed in many countries of Europe, and this trend is predicted to continue. The conversion of vegetated land into urban ...

K. Trusilova; M. Jung; G. Churkina

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Transformations of Spanish urban landscapes in the American Southwest, 1821-1900  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Through an examination of changes in urban structure and building form, I will consider the continuity of historical Spanish urban form in the American Southwest. The study encompasses three phases of increasing Anglo ...

Brew, Nina V

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Urbanization Effect on the Diurnal Temperature Range: Different Roles under Solar Dimming and Brightening  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on the 1960–2009 meteorological data from 559 stations across China, the urbanization effect on the diurnal temperature range (DTR) was evaluated in this study. Different roles of urbanization were specially detected under solar dimming and ...

Kai Wang; Hong Ye; Feng Chen; Yongzhu Xiong; Cuiping Wang

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Sensitivity of a Complex Urban Air Quality Model to Input Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, urban-scale photochemical simulation models have been developed that are of practical value for predicting air quality and analyzing the impacts of alternative emission control strategies. Although the performance of some urban-...

Christian Seigneur; Thomas W. Tesche; Philip M. Roth; Larry E. Reid

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Building upon ruins : the evolution of an urban artifact from infrastructure to public space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A thesis is about what architecture can be. In my thesis I propose that urban infrastructure built in the late nineteenth-century, can be the foundation for urban public space in the late twentieth-century. I propose that ...

Passavanti, Lenore Antonia

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Event:World Urban Forum 6 (WUF6) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Urban Forum 6 (WUF6) Urban Forum 6 (WUF6) Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png World Urban Forum 6 (WUF6): on 2012/09/01 "Organised jointly by UN-Habitat, the Government of Italy, the Campania Region and the City of Naples, the theme for this year's meeting is The Urban Future. Nearly 2,000 participants from 114 countries have already registered for the premier conference on cities and urban issues since registration opened just four weeks ago. The four focus areas for discussion are: Urban Planning: Institutions and Regulations, including the improvement of Quality of Life; Equity and Prosperity: Distribution of Wealth and Opportunities; Productive Cities: Competitive and Innovative Cities and Urban Mobility, Energy & Environment." Event Details Name World Urban Forum 6 (WUF6)

466

Overview and First Results of the Montreal Urban Snow Experiment 2005  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within the framework of a large urban meteorology program recently launched in Canada, the Montreal Urban Snow Experiment (MUSE) campaign has been conducted in order to document the thermoradiative exchanges in a densely built-up area of Montreal ...

A. Lemonsu; S. Bélair; J. Mailhot; M. Benjamin; G. Morneau; B. Harvey; F. Chagnon; M. Jean; J. Voogt

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Urban co-existence : a new typology for transit exchange in an automobile dominated city  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Delineated by the reign of the automobile, the urban fabric of Los Angeles is a landscape of superblocks, six lane highways, and an abundance of parking lots. These residual urban voids intensify the spatial chasm between ...

Cho, Shani Eunjin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Green Buildings and High Performance for Sustainability in the Urban Zones of Contemporary Arab City  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We know that the urban development is a contemporary problem in the Arab cities in the 21th century by using advanced architecture and advanced technology in the urban buildings. The important here is the negative effect and the unbalanced urban development in the city. But if we take care with some important elements like equity in distributing and suitable for Housing and Services in the urban zones we could realize our liabilities for the urban progress. We means about the Green buildings its general purport in the Housing zones and how it realized the high-performance with contemporary constituent and urban sustainability. The research study the green buildings in the urban Arab cities and the aims we need from it. How we could set the control of the climate exchange and in the same time the high-performance of sustainability. The final study how we realize the sustainable urban development with the green buildings in the Arab cities.

Ahmed, K. A.; Bakier, Z. A.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Patterns and Causes of Atlanta's Urban Heat Island–Initiated Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because of rapid growth and urbanization of Atlanta, Georgia, over the past few decades, the city has developed a pronounced urban heat island (UHI) that has been shown to enhance and possibly to initiate thunderstorms. This study attempts to ...

P. Grady Dixon; Thomas L. Mote

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Implementation of an Urban Canopy Parameterization in a Mesoscale Meteorological Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An urban canopy parameterization (UCP) is implemented into the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University–National Center for Atmospheric Research Mesoscale Model (MM5) to improve meteorological fields in the urban boundary layer for ...

Tanya L. Otte; Avraham Lacser; Sylvain Dupont; Jason K. S. Ching

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Urbanization impact on temperature change in China with emphasis on land cover change and human activity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of urbanization on temperature trends in China was investigated with emphasis on two aspects of urbanization, land cover change and human activity. A new station classification scheme was developed to incorporate these two aspects by ...

Yan Li; Lijuan Zhu; Xinyi Zhao; Shuangcheng Li; Yan Yan

472

Synthesis of movement : transit oriented development for urban growth in Lima, Peru  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As urban transportation deteriorates, chaos increases putting aside urban patterns, systems and networks to prioritize the implementation of modern technologies. As a consequence of this situation and as a means to fulfill ...

Rubio, Mariana, 1978-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Wind Direction Dependence of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Turbulence Parameters in the Urban Roughness Sublayer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A variety of atmospheric boundary layer parameters are examined as a function of wind direction in both urban and suburban settings in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, derived from measurements during the Joint Urban 2003 field campaign. Heterogeneous ...

Cheryl Klipp

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Evaluation of Urban Surface Energy Fluxes Using an Open-Air Scale Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermal behavior of an urban surface is crucial to understand, but it is difficult to predict using conventional measurement or modeling approaches. In this study, an integrated method is proposed for evaluating urban energy exchanges with an ...

D. Pearlmutter; P. Berliner; E. Shaviv

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Interpreting a contemporary urban vernacular for cities : --the case of Delhi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The broad aim of this thesis is to investigate whether the regulatory environment in an urban setting can be utilized to nurture appropriate urban forms. The word 'form' here includes both physical characteristics, and the ...

Roy, Avik

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

A Theoretical and Numerical Study of Urban Heat Island–Induced Circulation and Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Urban heat island–induced circulation and convection in three dimensions are investigated theoretically and numerically in the context of the response of a stably stratified uniform flow to specified low-level heating that represents an urban ...

Ji-Young Han; Jong-Jin Baik

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Community mobilization and ecological outcomes in peri-urban Mexico City, 1989-1992  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beginning in the 1930s and continuing through the 1970s, Mexico City developed swiftly, thus engendering rapid urbanization and a demographic boom. The majority of population growth occurred on peri-urban agricultural and ...

DuBroff, Nicholas (Nicholas Jarad)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Observations of the Effects of Atmospheric Stability on Turbulence Statistics Deep within an Urban Street Canyon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data obtained in downtown Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, during the Joint Urban 2003 atmospheric dispersion study have been analyzed to investigate the effects of upstream atmospheric stability on turbulence statistics in an urban core. The data ...

P. Ramamurthy; E. R. Pardyjak; J. C. Klewicki

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Characterization of Energy Flux Partitioning in Urban Environments: Links with Surface Seasonal Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A better understanding of links between the properties of the urban environment and the exchange to the atmosphere is central to a wide range of applications. The numerous measurements of surface energy balance data in urban areas enable ...

Thomas Loridan; C. S. B. Grimmond

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Microscale Numerical Prediction over Montreal with the Canadian External Urban Modeling System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Canadian urban and land surface external modeling system (known as urban GEM-SURF) has been developed to provide surface and near-surface meteorological variables to improve numerical weather prediction and to become a tool for environmental ...

Sylvie Leroyer; Stéphane Bélair; Jocelyn Mailhot; Ian B. Strachan

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "typical urban water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Modified RAMS-Urban Canopy Model for Heat Island Simulation in Chongqing, China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A single-layer urban canopy model was integrated into a nonhydrostatic meteorological model, the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS). In the new model, called RAMS-Urban Canopy (RAMS-UC), anthropogenic heat emission was also considered. ...

Hongbin Zhang; Naoki Sato; Takeki Izumi; Keisuke Hanaki; Toshiya Aramaki

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Study and prediction of the energy interactions between buildings and the urban climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Urbanization produces higher air temperatures in cities than in the undeveloped rural surroundings. This phenomenon is known as the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect and has been measured in different cities around the world. ...

Bueno Unzeta, Bruno

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

The Rab' in Cairo : a window on Mamluk architecture and urbanism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation is a reassessment of Mamluk architecture and urbanism in Cairo, based on a detailed study of one of the more important elements in its urban fabric, the rab' or apartment building. This building type is ...

Sayed, Hazem I

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Simulating the Regional Impacts of Urbanization and Anthropogenic Heat Release on Climate across China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Together with economic development and accelerated urbanization, the urban population in China has been increasing rapidly, and anthropogenic heat released by large-scale energy consumption in cities is expected to be a vital factor affecting the ...

Jin-Ming Feng; Yong-Li Wang; Zhu-Guo Ma; Yong-He Liu

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Plume Dispersion Anomalies in a Nocturnal Urban Boundary Layer in Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The URBAN 2000 experiments were conducted in the complex urban and topographical terrain in Salt Lake City, Utah, in stable nighttime conditions. Unexpected plume dispersion often arose because of the interaction of complex terrain and mountain–...

Dennis Finn; Kirk L. Clawson; Roger G. Carter; Jason D. Rich; K. Jerry Allwine

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

11.301J / 4.252J Introduction to Urban Design and Development, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Examines both the structure of cities and ways they can be changed. Includes historical forces that have produced cities, models of urban analysis, contemporary theories of urban design, implementation strategies. Core ...

Frenchman, Dennis M.

487

Governing urban land : the political economy of the ULCRA in Mumbai  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I look at the political economy of the Urban Land (Ceiling and Regulation) Act (ULCRA) in Mumbai, India. Enacted in 1976, the stated aim of this legislation was to prevent speculation in the urban land ...

Siddiqi, Faizan Jawed

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Movin' on up : mainstreaming under-serviced urban communities in Colombo, Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis offers an early look at a radical shift in Sri Lankan urban housing policy regarding slums in the capital city of Colombo. During the 1980s, the Sri Lankan government achieved widespread urban improvements by ...

Wickrema, Marinne Dhakshike

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Comparisons of Transport and Dispersion Model Predictions of the URBAN 2000 Field Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tracer releases of the “URBAN 2000” urban tracer and meteorological field experiment conducted in Salt Lake City, Utah, in October 2000 provided a wealth of data for comparison with the predictions of transport and dispersion models. ...

Steve Warner; Nathan Platt; James F. Heagy

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Ethanol Usage in Urban Public Transportation - Presentation of Results |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethanol Usage in Urban Public Transportation - Presentation of Results Ethanol Usage in Urban Public Transportation - Presentation of Results Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ethanol Usage in Urban Public Transportation - Presentation of Results Agency/Company /Organization: BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: cenbio.iee.usp.br/download/publicacoes/SAE_BEST_2010.pdf This paper presents the BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport (BEST) project in Brazil, its partners, and the results from the demonstration tests performed in field, as well as the proposals of public policies that were elaborated and are being implemented. The BEST project was implemented in Sao Paulo as well as eight other cities located in Europe and Asia. How to Use This Tool

491

CANCELLED: From Energy Conscious Buildings to Climate-Sensitive Urban  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CANCELLED: From Energy Conscious Buildings to Climate-Sensitive Urban CANCELLED: From Energy Conscious Buildings to Climate-Sensitive Urban Design Speaker(s): Edna Shaviv Date: March 14, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 The consideration of solar rights in urban design is essential in order to allow passive heating of buildings in winter and to improve the comfort conditions of people in the street, sidewalks and open spaces. A new energy code for residential buildings in Israel defines a required level of solar insolation of the buildings according to different city areas, orientations and climatic zones. These requirements were used to define objective criteria for solar rights regulations. Following, we define a method and a simple design tool that allows achieving the required solar insolation. Three methods were suggested; two are based on performance approach while

492

EA-1885: Boston Architectural College's Urban Sustainability Initiative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

85: Boston Architectural College's Urban Sustainability 85: Boston Architectural College's Urban Sustainability Initiative Renovation of Green Alley #444, Boston, Massachusetts EA-1885: Boston Architectural College's Urban Sustainability Initiative Renovation of Green Alley #444, Boston, Massachusetts Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to provide a grant to Boston Architectural College (BAC) to design, construct and implement the renovation of Public Alley #444 in Boston's Historic Back Bay District. The project would include the installation of 7 to 10 open loop geothermal wells to provide heating and cooling energy to BAC's facilities; the installation of a green screen trellis system, planting soils, concrete pavement, pavers, and landscaping; and mechanical upgrades (plumbing and electrical) to accommodate the geothermal solution into the

493

Adapting Urban Transport to Climate Change- Module 5f - Sustainable  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Adapting Urban Transport to Climate Change- Module 5f - Sustainable transport: a sourcebook for policy-makers in developing cities Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Adapting Urban Transport to Climate Change- Module 5f - Sustainable transport: a sourcebook for policy-makers in developing cities Agency/Company /Organization: gtz- Transport Policy Advisory Services, Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development Focus Area: Governance - Planning - Decision-Making Structure Topics: Analysis Tools Resource Type: Reports, Journal Articles, & Tools Website: www.giz.de/Themen/en/dokumente/gtz2010-en-adapting-urban-transport-to- This sourcebook addresses the key areas of a sustainable transport policy

494

EA-1885: Boston Architectural College's Urban Sustainability Initiative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

85: Boston Architectural College's Urban Sustainability 85: Boston Architectural College's Urban Sustainability Initiative Renovation of Green Alley #444, Boston, Massachusetts EA-1885: Boston Architectural College's Urban Sustainability Initiative Renovation of Green Alley #444, Boston, Massachusetts Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to provide a grant to Boston Architectural College (BAC) to design, construct and implement the renovation of Public Alley #444 in Boston's Historic Back Bay District. The project would include the installation of 7 to 10 open loop geothermal wells to provide heating and cooling energy to BAC's facilities; the installation of a green screen trellis system, planting soils, concrete pavement, pavers, and landscaping; and mechanical upgrades (plumbing and electrical) to accommodate the geothermal solution into the

495

Characterization of urban solid waste in Chihuahua, Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characterization of urban solid waste generation is fundamental for adequate decision making in the management strategy of urban solid waste in a city. The objective of this study is to characterize the waste generated in the households of Chihuahua city, and to compare the results obtained in areas of the city with three different socioeconomic levels. In order to identify the different socioeconomic trends in waste generation and characterization, 560 samples of solid waste were collected during 1 week from 80 households in Chihuahua and were hand sorted and classified into 15 weighted fractions. The average waste generation in Chihuahua calculated in this study was 0.676 kg per capita per day in April 2006. The main fractions were: organic (48%), paper (16%) and plastic (12%). Results show an increased waste generation associated with the socioeconomic level. The characterization in amount and composition of urban waste is the first step needed for the successful implementation of an integral waste management system.

Gomez, Guadalupe [Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43007 Tarragona (Spain); Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Autonoma de Chihuahua, 31310 Chihuahua (Mexico); Meneses, Montserrat [Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43007 Tarragona (Spain); Ballinas, Lourdes [Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Autonoma de Chihuahua, 31310 Chihuahua (Mexico); Castells, Francesc [Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43007 Tarragona (Spain)], E-mail: francesc.castells@urv.cat

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

496

Rural-Urban Disparities in Emergency Department Intimate Partner Violence Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

screening and management between rural and urban emergencyManagement Resources in the Emergency Department. J of Rural

Choo, Esther K; Newgard, Craig D; Lowe, Robert A; Hall, Michael K; McConnell, K John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Time-dependent resilience assessment and improvement of urban infrastructure systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces an approach to assess and improve the time-dependent resilience of urban infrastructure systems

Min Ouyang; Leonardo Dueñas-Osorio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Rural-urban migration in d-dimensional lattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rural-urban migration phenomenon is analyzed by using an agent-based computational model. Agents are placed on lattices which dimensions varying from d=2 up to d=7. The localization of the agents in the lattice define their social neighborhood (rural or urban) not being related to their spatial distribution. The effect of the dimension of lattice is studied by analyzing the variation of the main parameters that characterizes the migratory process. The dynamics displays strong effects even for around one million of sites, in higher dimensions (d=6, 7).

Espíndola, Aquino L; Silveira, J J; Esp\\'{\\i}ndola, Aquino L.; Silveira, Jaylson J.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Building Energy Supply Infrastructures and Urban Sustained Development of Shenyang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Urban energy supply is a necessary infrastructure of civic development. Shenyang is an old industrial-based center in the northeast. Its development influences the economic development of the whole old northeast industry base. This paper analyses the present situation of Shenyang's infrastructure, especially the energy supply infrastructure. The current situation of problems with Shenyang's energy supply infrastructure are also analyzed. At the same time, the paper points out that defects in the current situation of Shenyang's building energy supply take a back seat to urban sustained development. Recent strategies and suggestions for Shenyang building energy consumption have been presented.

Feng, G.; Wang, Y.; Gao, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Conceptual approach to measure the potential of urban heat islands from landuse datasets and landuse projections  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Urban morphology plays a crucial role in the alteration of the local climate, resulting in the formation of Urban Heat Islands. Regarding the steady growth of cities and the impact of global climate change, the risk of overheating is expected to increase. ... Keywords: hamburg, land use modeling, landscape metrics, urban heat island

Christian Daneke; Benjamin Bechtel; Jürgen Böhner; Thomas Langkamp; Jürgen Oßenbrügge

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z