Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Gasoline Gallon Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition

2

eGallon-methodology-final  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

eGallon eGallon How much does it cost to drive an electric vehicle the same distance you could go on one gallon of gas? The average American measures the day-to-day cost of driving by the price of a gallon of gasoline. In other words, as the price of gasoline rises and falls, it tells consumers how much it costs to drive. If you drive past a gas station, watch the evening news or read the newspaper, you'll see the price of a gallon of gas posted. But for electric vehicle (EV) owners -- who generally fuel at home -- it's hard to measure just how much it costs to drive. To help current and potential EV drivers better understand the cost of driving an EV, the Energy Department created a metric called the "electric gallon" -- or "eGallon."

3

eGallon Methodology | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

eGallon Methodology eGallon Methodology eGallon Methodology The average American measures the day-to-day cost of driving by the price of a gallon of gasoline. In other words, as the price of gasoline rises and falls, it tells consumers how much it costs to drive. If you drive past a gas station, watch the evening news or read the newspaper, you'll see the price of a gallon of gas posted. But for electric vehicle (EV) owners -- who generally fuel at home -- it's hard to measure just how much it costs to drive. To help current and potential EV drivers better understand the cost of driving an EV, the Energy Department created a metric called the "electric gallon" -- or "eGallon." The eGallon represents the cost of driving an electric vehicle (EV) the same distance a gasoline-powered

4

eGallon Methodology | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

eGallon Methodology eGallon Methodology eGallon Methodology The average American measures the day-to-day cost of driving by the price of a gallon of gasoline. In other words, as the price of gasoline rises and falls, it tells consumers how much it costs to drive. If you drive past a gas station, watch the evening news or read the newspaper, you'll see the price of a gallon of gas posted. But for electric vehicle (EV) owners -- who generally fuel at home -- it's hard to measure just how much it costs to drive. To help current and potential EV drivers better understand the cost of driving an EV, the Energy Department created a metric called the "electric gallon" -- or "eGallon." The eGallon represents the cost of driving an electric vehicle (EV) the same distance a gasoline-powered

5

Diesel prices top $4 per gallon  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices top 4 per gallon The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel surpassed the four dollar mark for the first time this year. Prices rose to 4.02 a gallon...

6

1 million gallons of grout.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Historic Milestone Achieved as 1 Million Gallons of Grout Historic Milestone Achieved as 1 Million Gallons of Grout Is Poured into SRS Waste Tanks 18 and 19 AIKEN, S.C. (May 9, 2012) - Operational closure of the next two radioactive waste tanks at the Savannah River Site (SRS) has achieved a historic milestone with the placement of over 1 million gallons of grout inside the massive underground tanks. Filling Tanks 18 and 19 began on April 2, 2012. As of today, over 1 million gallons of

7

eGallon | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

eGallon eGallon eGallon eGallon: Compare the costs of driving with electricity What is eGallon? It is the cost of fueling a vehicle with electricity compared to a similar vehicle that runs on gasoline. Did you know? On average, it costs about 3 times less to drive an electric vehicle. Find out how much it costs to fuel an electric vehicle in your state regular gasoline 0 6 4 1 0 3 · 0 2 0 4 8 6 0 8 9 2 3 5 0 electric eGallon 0 4 1 7 2 3 3 · 0 4 2 0 4 6 0 8 5 9 1 5 0 Data and Methodology The eGallon price is calculated using the most recently available state by state residential electricity prices. The state gasoline price above is either the statewide average retail price or a multi-state regional average price reported by EIA. The latest gasoline pricing data is available on EIA's webpage. Find out more at www.energy.gov/eGallon

8

DOE Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons of Contaminated Ground Water DOE Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons of Contaminated Ground Water...

9

Vehicle Technologies Office: The eGallon Tool Advances Deployment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

eGallon Tool Advances Deployment of Electric Vehicles The Department of Energy recently launched the eGallon to help consumers compare the cost of fueling electric vehicles (EVs)...

10

Vehicle Technologies Office: The eGallon Tool Advances Deployment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The eGallon Tool Advances Deployment of Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: The eGallon Tool Advances Deployment of Electric Vehicles on...

11

Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for $1.14 Per Gallon for $1.14 Per Gallon Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon June 11, 2013 - 7:30am Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The Energy Department today launched the eGallon - a quick and simple way for consumers to compare the costs of fueling electric vehicles vs. driving on gasoline. Today's national average eGallon price is about $1.14, meaning that a typical electric vehicle could travel as far on $1.14 worth of electricity as a similar vehicle could travel on a gallon of gasoline. "Consumers can see gasoline prices posted at the corner gas station, but are left in the dark on the cost of fueling an electric vehicle. The eGallon will bring greater transparency to vehicle operating costs, and help drivers figure out how much they might save on fuel by choosing an

12

Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon June 11, 2013 - 7:30am Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The Energy Department today launched the eGallon - a quick and simple way for consumers to compare the costs of fueling electric vehicles vs. driving on gasoline. Today's national average eGallon price is about $1.14, meaning that a typical electric vehicle could travel as far on $1.14 worth of electricity as a similar vehicle could travel on a gallon of gasoline. "Consumers can see gasoline prices posted at the corner gas station, but are left in the dark on the cost of fueling an electric vehicle. The eGallon will bring greater transparency to vehicle operating costs, and help drivers figure out how much they might save on fuel by choosing an

13

eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This month, we're updating eGallon prices and taking a look at how the U.S. electric vehicle market continues to strengthen.

14

Wisconsin No 2 Diesel Off-Highway Construction (Thousand Gallons)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wisconsin No 2 Diesel Off-Highway Construction (Thousand Gallons) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1980's: 16,323: 12,292 ...

15

Energy Department Releases Updated eGallon Prices as Electric...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

a gallon of gasoline. "More and more Americans are taking advantage of the low and stable price of electricity as a transportation fuel, and that's very good news for our economy...

16

Michigan Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Michigan Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's: 3,004.6:

17

The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It to Drive on Electricity?...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It to Drive on Electricity? The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It to Drive on Electricity? June 10, 2013 - 11:00pm Addthis eGallon: Compare the costs...

18

How many gallons of gasoline does one barrel of oil make? - FAQ ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

How many gallons of gasoline does one barrel of oil make? U.S. refineries produce about 19 gallons of motor gasoline from one barrel (42 gallons) of crude oil.

19

What do I pay for in a gallon of regular gasoline? - FAQ - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What do I pay for in a gallon of regular gasoline? The national average retail price of a gallon of regular gasoline in October 2013 was $3.34.

20

Figure 1.8 Motor Vehicle Fuel Economy, 1973-2011 (Miles per Gallon)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 1.8 Motor Vehicle Fuel Economy, 1973-2011 (Miles per Gallon) U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review August 2013 17

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

How many gallons of diesel fuel does one barrel of oil ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels ... How many gallons of diesel fuel does one ... and consumed in the ...

22

LANL's sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons of water daily | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation...

23

LANL's sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facility (SERF-E) with a ribbon cutting ceremony earlier this month. Each year, LANL produces more than a hundred million gallons of effluent from LANL's sanitary...

24

CSER 96-027: storage of cemented plutonium residue containers in 55 gallon drums  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A nuclear criticality safety analysis has been performed for the storage of residual plutonium cementation containers, produced at the Plutonium Finishing Plant, in 55 gallon drums. This CSER increases the limit of total plutonium stored in each 55 gallon drum from 100 to 200 grams.

Watson, W.T.

1997-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

25

Workers Pour 1 Million Gallons of Grout into Massive Tanks | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Workers Pour 1 Million Gallons of Grout into Massive Tanks Workers Pour 1 Million Gallons of Grout into Massive Tanks Workers Pour 1 Million Gallons of Grout into Massive Tanks May 15, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Cement trucks transport a specially formulated grout that is pumped into the waste tanks. Cement trucks transport a specially formulated grout that is pumped into the waste tanks. AIKEN, S.C. - Workers have poured more than 1 million gallons of a cement-like grout into two underground radioactive waste tanks, moving the Savannah River Site (SRS) nearer to closing the massive structures. SRS and liquid waste contractor Savannah River Remediation are working to fill the 1.3-million-gallon Tanks 18 and 19 with grout, a project that began April 2. Grouting of the tanks, ancillary piping and equipment is scheduled for completion in late summer.

26

eGallon: Understanding the Cost of Driving EVs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Initiatives » eGallon: Understanding the Cost of Driving EVs Initiatives » eGallon: Understanding the Cost of Driving EVs eGallon: Understanding the Cost of Driving EVs For most drivers, a trip to the fuel pump is an easy reminder of the day-to-day cost of gasoline or diesel fuel. But for electric vehicle (EV) drivers, who typically charge their car at home, there isn't a similar measurement to determine the cost of driving on electricity. To help both current and potential EV drivers better understand the cost of driving an EV, the Energy Department created the eGallon. The eGallon represents the cost of fueling a vehicle with electricity compared to a similar vehicle that runs on gasoline. For example, if gasoline costs $3.60 a gallon in your state and the eGallon price for your state is $1.20, that means that for $1.20 worth of electricity you can

27

The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It to Drive on Electricity? | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It to Drive on Electricity? The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It to Drive on Electricity? The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It to Drive on Electricity? June 10, 2013 - 11:00pm Addthis eGallon: Compare the costs of driving with electricity What is eGallon? It is the cost of fueling a vehicle with electricity compared to a similar vehicle that runs on gasoline. Did you know? On average, it costs about 3 times less to drive an electric vehicle. Find out how much it costs to fuel an electric vehicle in your state regular gasoline 0 6 4 1 0 3 · 0 2 0 4 8 6 0 8 9 2 3 5 0 electric eGallon 0 4 1 7 2 3 3 · 0 4 2 0 4 6 0 8 5 9 1 5 0 Data and Methodology The eGallon price is calculated using the most recently available state by state residential electricity prices. The state gasoline price above is either the statewide average retail price or a multi-state regional average

28

eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important June 10, 2013 - 11:00pm Addthis eGallon: Compare the costs of driving with electricity What is eGallon? It is the cost of fueling a vehicle with electricity compared to a similar vehicle that runs on gasoline. Did you know? On average, it costs about 3 times less to drive an electric vehicle. Find out how much it costs to fuel an electric vehicle in your state regular gasoline 0 6 4 1 0 3 · 0 2 0 4 8 6 0 8 9 2 3 5 0 electric eGallon 0 4 1 7 2 3 3 · 0 4 2 0 4 6 0 8 5 9 1 5 0 Data and Methodology The eGallon price is calculated using the most recently available state by state residential electricity prices. The state gasoline price above is either the statewide average retail price or a multi-state regional average

29

eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture August 19, 2013 - 8:30am Addthis eGallon: Compare the costs of driving with electricity What is eGallon? It is the cost of fueling a vehicle with electricity compared to a similar vehicle that runs on gasoline. Did you know? On average, it costs about 3 times less to drive an electric vehicle. Find out how much it costs to fuel an electric vehicle in your state regular gasoline 0 6 4 1 0 3 · 0 2 0 4 8 6 0 8 9 2 3 5 0 electric eGallon 0 4 1 7 2 3 3 · 0 4 2 0 4 6 0 8 5 9 1 5 0 Data and Methodology The eGallon price is calculated using the most recently available state by state residential electricity prices. The state gasoline price above is either the statewide average retail price or a multi-state regional average

30

eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important June 10, 2013 - 11:00pm Addthis eGallon: Compare the costs of driving with electricity What is eGallon? It is the cost of fueling a vehicle with electricity compared to a similar vehicle that runs on gasoline. Did you know? On average, it costs about 3 times less to drive an electric vehicle. Find out how much it costs to fuel an electric vehicle in your state regular gasoline 0 6 4 1 0 3 · 0 2 0 4 8 6 0 8 9 2 3 5 0 electric eGallon 0 4 1 7 2 3 3 · 0 4 2 0 4 6 0 8 5 9 1 5 0 Data and Methodology The eGallon price is calculated using the most recently available state by state residential electricity prices. The state gasoline price above is either the statewide average retail price or a multi-state regional average

31

EV Sales Skyrocketing. eGallon Holds Steady. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EV Sales Skyrocketing. eGallon Holds Steady. EV Sales Skyrocketing. eGallon Holds Steady. EV Sales Skyrocketing. eGallon Holds Steady. July 19, 2013 - 8:45am Addthis eGallon: Compare the costs of driving with electricity What is eGallon? It is the cost of fueling a vehicle with electricity compared to a similar vehicle that runs on gasoline. Did you know? On average, it costs about 3 times less to drive an electric vehicle. Find out how much it costs to fuel an electric vehicle in your state regular gasoline 0 6 4 1 0 3 · 0 2 0 4 8 6 0 8 9 2 3 5 0 electric eGallon 0 4 1 7 2 3 3 · 0 4 2 0 4 6 0 8 5 9 1 5 0 Data and Methodology The eGallon price is calculated using the most recently available state by state residential electricity prices. The state gasoline price above is either the statewide average retail price or a multi-state regional average

32

Washington Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail Outlets: ...

33

North Carolina Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Area: ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail ...

34

Beyond a Billion: Clean Cities Coaliations Have Displaced More Than a Billion Gallons of Gasoline  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 2004, DOE's Clean Cities achieved a milestone - displacing the equivalent of more than 1 billion gallons of gasoline since 1994. This fact sheet describes how Clean Cities achieved this goal.

Not Available

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Weekly Ohio No. 2 Heating Oil Residential Price (Dollars per Gallon)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly Ohio No. 2 Heating Oil Residential Price (Dollars per Gallon) Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5; End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date

36

CX-005566: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

generating 1 megawatt (Mw) of electricity. The Columbus digester is creating excess biogas that has the potential to generate 275,912 gallons of gasoline equivalent (gge) each...

37

The Impact of Residential Density on Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding total residential transportation energy usageon Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption total annual fuelUsage and Energy Consumption Gasoline-equivalent gallons per year total

Golob, Thomas F; Brownstone, David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Hildreth & Associates, Inc. Assisting companies capture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... new products in the future to implement Lean. ... to convert from diesel to natural gas (NG) for ... 129,500 BTU's per gallon of gasoline equivalents (GGE ...

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

39

Table 6.5 Natural Gas Consumption by Sector, 1949-2011 (Billion ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Data for compressed natural gas and liquefied natural gas in gasoline-equivalent gallons were converted to cubic feet by multiplying by the motor gasoline conversion

40

DOE Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons of Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons of Contaminated Ground Water DOE Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons of Contaminated Ground Water July 29, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis View of the evaporation pond (right center) on the tailings pile with the forced-air evaporators running. The extraction wells are between the pile and the Colorado River, which can be seen in the lower left. View of the evaporation pond (right center) on the tailings pile with the forced-air evaporators running. The extraction wells are between the pile and the Colorado River, which can be seen in the lower left. Media Contacts Donald Metzler, donald.metzler@gjem.doe.gov (970) 257-2115 Wendee Ryan, wryan@gjemtac.doe.gov (970) 257-2145 Grand Junction, CO - The Department of Energy (DOE) announced today that

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

LANL's sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons of water  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons of water sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons of water daily | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > LANL's sanitary facility can now recycle up ... LANL's sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons of water daily Posted By Office of Public Affairs

42

NREL: Continuum Magazine - At $2.15 a Gallon, Cellulosic Ethanol Could Be  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

At $2.15 a Gallon, Cellulosic Ethanol Could Be Cost Competitive At $2.15 a Gallon, Cellulosic Ethanol Could Be Cost Competitive Issue 5 Print Version Share this resource At $2.15 a Gallon, Cellulosic Ethanol Could Be Cost Competitive DOE challenge met-research advances cut costs to produce fuel from non-food plant sources. A photo showing a silhouette of a man wearing glass in a dark room lit only by a band of light consisting or red, blue, and white dots (26186). Enlarge image In NREL's new Energy Systems Integration Facility, the Insight Collaboration Laboratory shows a 3D model of cellulose microfibrils. Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL Imagine a near perfect transportation fuel-it's clean, domestic, abundant, and renewable. Now imagine that it's also affordable. Bringing this vision closer to reality was the challenge the U.S.

43

LANL's sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons of water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons of water sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons of water daily | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > LANL's sanitary facility can now recycle up ... LANL's sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons of water daily Posted By Office of Public Affairs

44

South Carolina Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel All Sales/Deliveries by ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

South Carolina Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel All Sales/Deliveries by Prime Supplier (Thousand Gallons per Day)

45

Development of a model for predicting transient hydrogen venting in 55-gallon drums  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Remote drum venting was performed on a population of unvented high activity drums (HAD) in the range of 63 to 435 plutonium equivalent Curies (PEC). These 55-gallon Transuranic (TRU) drums will eventually be shipped to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). As a part of this process, the development of a calculational model was required to predict the transient hydrogen concentration response of the head space and polyethylene liner (if present) within the 55-gallon drum. The drum and liner were vented using a Remote Drum Venting System (RDVS) that provided a vent sampling path for measuring flammable hydrogen vapor concentrations and allow hydrogen to diffuse below lower flammability limit (LFL) concentrations. One key application of the model was to determine the transient behavior of hydrogen in the head space, within the liner, and the sensitivity to the number of holes made in the liner or number of filters. First-order differential mass transport equations were solved using Laplace transformations and numerically to verify the results. the Mathematica 6.0 computing tool was also used as a validation tool and for examining larger than two chamber systems. Results will be shown for a variety of configurations, including 85-gallon and 110-gallon overpack drums. The model was also validated against hydrogen vapor concentration assay measurements.

Apperson, Jason W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Clemmons, James S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Garcia, Michael D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sur, John C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zhang, Duan Z [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Romero, Michael J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

"Table 11. Fuel Economy, Selected Survey Years (Miles Per Gallon)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuel Economy, Selected Survey Years (Miles Per Gallon)" Fuel Economy, Selected Survey Years (Miles Per Gallon)" ,"Survey Years" ,1983,1985,1988,1991,1994,2001 "Total",15.1,16.1,18.3,19.3,19.8,20.2 "Household Characteristics" "Census Region and Division" " Northeast",15.6,"NA",19.6,20.9,20.7,20.85531 " New England",16.5,"NA",19.7,21.1,20.4,20.97907 " Middle Atlantic ",15.3,"NA",19.6,20.8,20.8,20.79659 " Midwest ",14.8,"NA",18.2,19,20.1,20.18362 " East North Central",14.9,"NA",18.4,19.4,20.1,20.26056 " West North Central ",14.5,"NA",17.8,17.9,20,20.01659 " South",15,"NA",18,19.2,19.6,20.17499 " South Atlantic",15.6,"NA",19,20.2,20.2,20.5718

47

Businaro-Gallone transition as observed in complete charge distributions from compound nucleus decay  

SciTech Connect

The compound nucleus emission of fragments covering the entire mass range has been observed in reactions exploiting both ordinary and reverse kinematics. The compound nucleus mechanism has been inferred from full momentum transfer, angular independence of the fragment center of mass kinetic energies and excitation functions. The drastic change in the observed charge distributions as one crosses A approx. = 100 illustrates the effect of the Businaro-Gallone point.

Moretto, L.G.; Wozniak, G.J.; Sobotka, L.G.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Criticality Safety Controls for 55-Gallon Drums with a Mass Limit of 200 grams Pu-239  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The following 200-gram Pu drum criticality safety controls are applicable to RHWM drum storage operations: (1) Mass (Fissile/Pu) - each 55-gallon drum or its equivalent shall be limited to 200 gram Pu or Pu equivalent; (2) Moderation - Hydrogen materials with a hydrogen density greater than that (0.133 g H/cc) of polyethylene and paraffin are not allowed and hydrogen materials with a hydrogen density no greater than that of polyethylene and paraffin are allowed with unlimited amounts; (3) Interaction - a spacing of 30-inches (76 cm) is required between arrays and 200-gram Pu drums shall be placed in arrays for 200-gram Pu drums only (no mingling of 200-gram Pu drums with other drums not meeting the drum controls associated with the 200-gram limit); (4) Reflection - no beryllium and carbon/graphite (other than the 50-gram waiver amount) is allowed, (note that Nat-U exceeding the waiver amount is allowed when its U-235 content is included in the fissile mass limit of 200 grams); and (5) Geometry - drum geometry, only 55-gallon drum or its equivalent shall be used and array geometry, 55-gallon drums are allowed for 2-high stacking. Steel waste boxes may be stacked 3-high if constraint.

Chou, P

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

49

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

50

Massachusetts Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Area: ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail Outlets: ...

51

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States b (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes)...

52

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States b (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes)...

53

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States b (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes)...

54

Small scale ethanol production: design manual. [10 to 15 gallons per hour  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the project was to design, fabricate, and evaluate a small scale continuous ethanol plant. The scope of the study was to satisfy four specific objectives. The first objective was to design a small scale continuous distillation unit capable of producing 10 to 15 gallons per hour of 170 to 190 proof ethanol. A second objective was to economically fabricate the distillation unit. A third objective was to thoroughly evaluate the unit with emphasis on production potential, operation considerations, and energy balance. The fourth objective was to work with the Farm Bureau in identifying an organization that would place the unit in a production environment. The results of the study indicate that the distillation unit is capable of producing and average of 9 to 14 gallons per hour (based on alcohol percent in beer) of 174 proof ethanol. The energy ratio for distillation is a positive 3:1. Once the unit has reached steady state very little operator attention is required with the exception of periodically refluxing. Material cost of the plate column is approximately $5000. The unit could be built by an individual provided he is trained in welding and has the necessary shop equipment. 39 figures, 12 tables.

Adcock, L.E. II; Eley, M.H.; Schroer, B.J.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

JUSTIFICATION FOR A LIMIT OF 15 PERCENT HYDROGEN IN A 55 GALLON DRUM  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The concentration of 15% hydrogen in air in a waste drum is used as the concentration at which the drum remains intact in the case of a deflagration. The following describes what could happen to the drum if 15% hydrogen or more in air were ignited. Table 2 of the Savannah River report WSRC-TR-90-165 ''TRU Drum Hydrogen Explosion Tests'' provides the results of tests performed in 55-gallon drums filled with hydrogen and air mixtures. The hydrogen-air mixtures were ignited by a hot-wire igniter. The results of the tests are shown in Table 1. They concluded that drums can withstand deflagration involving hydrogen concentration up to 15% hydrogen. Testing was performed at Idaho Falls and documented in a letter from RH Beers, Waste Technology Programs Division, EG&G Idaho, to CP Gertz, Radioactive Waste Technology Branch, DOE dated Sept. 29, 1983. In these tests, 55-gallon drums were filled with hydrogen-air mixtures which were ignited. The results in Table 2.2 showed that ignition for drums containing 11% and 14% hydrogen, the drum lid remained on the drum. Ignition in drum with 30% hydrogen resulted in lid loss. It is concluded from the results of these two tests that, for uncorroded drums, a 15% hydrogen in air mixture will not result in loss of drum integrity (i.e., lid remains on, walls remain intact). The drum walls however, may be thinned due to corrosion. The effect of the deflagration on thinner walls is assessed next. Assume a 15% hydrogen in air mixture exists in a drum. The pressure assuming adiabatic isochoric complete combustion (AICC) conditions is 69 psig (using the same deflagration pressure calculation method as in HNF-19492, ''Revised Hydrogen Deflagration Analysis which got 82 psig for 20% hydrogen in air).

MARUSICH, R.M.

2007-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

56

Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 233 Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States (Cents per Gallon...

57

U.S. diesel fuel price forecast to be 1 penny lower this summer at $3.94 a gallon  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

diesel fuel price forecast to be 1 penny lower this summer diesel fuel price forecast to be 1 penny lower this summer at $3.94 a gallon The retail price of diesel fuel is expected to average $3.94 a gallon during the summer driving season that which runs from April through September. That's close to last summer's pump price of $3.95, according to the latest monthly energy outlook from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Demand for distillate fuel, which includes diesel fuel, is expected to be up less than 1 percent from last summer. Daily production of distillate fuel at U.S. refineries is forecast to be 70,000 barrels higher this summer. With domestic distillate output exceeding demand, U.S. net exports of distillate fuel are expected to average 830,000 barrels per day this summer. That's down 12 percent from last summer's

58

NREL Helps Clean Cities Displace Billions of Gallons of Petroleum, One Vehicle at a Time (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

With more than 15 years and nearly 3 billion gallons of displaced petroleum under its belt, the Clean Cities program relies on the support and expertise of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). An initiative of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Clean Cities creates public-private partnerships with a common mission: to reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector. Since the inception of Clean Cities in 1993, NREL has played a central role in supporting the program, an effort that stems from the laboratory's strategy to put scientific innovation into action in the marketplace.

Not Available

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

NREL Helps Clean Cities Displace Billions of Gallons of Petroleum, One Vehicle at a Time (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

With more than 15 years and nearly 3 billion gallons of displaced petroleum under its belt, the Clean Cities program relies on the support and expertise of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). An initiative of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Clean Cities creates public-private partnerships with a common mission: to reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector. Since the inception of Clean Cities in 1993, NREL has played a central role in supporting the program, an effort that stems from the laboratory's strategy to put scientific innovation into action in the marketplace.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Utilizing Bioenergy By-products in Beef Production Systems The newly expanded renewable fuels standard requires 36 billion gallons of renewable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utilizing Bioenergy By-products in Beef Production Systems The newly expanded renewable fuels standard requires 36 billion gallons of renewable fuels be used annually by 2022, which allows continued

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Premium All Grades Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales...

62

Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale...

63

Type I Tanks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I Tanks I Tanks * 12 Type I tanks were built between 1951-53 * 750,000 gallon capacity; 75 feet in diameter by 24 ½ feet high * Partial secondary containment with leak detection * Contain approximately 10 percent of the waste volume * 7 Type I tanks have leaked waste into the tank annulus; the amount of waste stored in these tanks is kept below the known leak sites that have appeared over the decades of

64

Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Premium All Grades Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales...

65

New Jersey Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel All Sales/Deliveries by Prime ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

New Jersey Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel All Sales/Deliveries by Prime Supplier (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8

66

U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel All Sales/Deliveries by Prime Supplier ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel All Sales/Deliveries by Prime Supplier (Thousand Gallons per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1983: 30,535.1 ...

67

Criticality Safety Analysis on the Mixed Be, Nat-U, and C (Graphite) Reflectors in 55-Gallon Waste Drums and Their Equivalents for HWM Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this analysis is to develop and establish the technical basis on the criticality safety controls for the storage of mixed beryllium (Be), natural uranium (Nat-U), and carbon (C)/graphite reflectors in 55-gallon waste containers and/or their equivalents in Hazardous Waste Management (HWM) facilities. Based on the criticality safety limits and controls outlined in Section 3.0, the operations involving the use of mixed-reflector drums satisfy the double-contingency principle as required by DOE Order 420.1 and are therefore criticality safe. The mixed-reflector mass limit is 120 grams for each 55-gallon drum or its equivalent. a reflector waiver of 50 grams is allowed for Be, Nat-U, or C/graphite combined. The waived reflectors may be excluded from the reflector mass calculations when determining if a drum is compliant. The mixed-reflector drums are allowed to mix with the typical 55-gallon one-reflector drums with a Pu mass limit of 120 grams. The fissile mass limit for the mixed-reflector container is 65 grams of Pu equivalent each. The corresponding reflector mass limits are 300 grams of Be, and/or 100 kilograms of Nat-U, and/or 110 kilograms of C/graphite for each container. All other unaffected control parameters for the one-reflector containers remain in effect for the mixed-reflector drums. For instance, Superior moderators, such as TrimSol, Superla white mineral oil No. 9, paraffin, and polyethylene, are allowed in unlimited quantities. Hydrogenous materials with a hydrogen density greater than 0.133 gram/cc are not allowed. Also, an isolation separation of no less than 76.2 cm (30-inch) is required between a mixed array and any other array. Waste containers in the action of being transported are exempted from this 76.2-cm (30-inch) separation requirement. All deviations from the CS controls and mass limits listed in Section 3.0 will require individual criticality safety analyses on a case-by-case basis for each of them to confirm their criticality safety prior to their deployment and implementation.

Chou, P

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

68

Determine Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas Emissions Determine Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas Emissions October 7, 2013 - 11:42am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 Once a Federal agency has identified its most important mobile greenhouse gas (GHG) emission sources overall, it can work with individual sites to determine vehicle usage and refueling trends. Agencies can compare the results of this analysis to internal standards and requirements to identify GHG mitigation opportunities for assets that are underperforming or underutilized. Two examples of this type of analysis focus on: Alternative fuel consumption Vehicle utilization. Figure 1 - An image of a vertical, stacked bar chart titled 'Alternative Fuel Use in AFVs.' The frequency data axis is labeled 'Gallons of Gasoline Equivalent' with a scale of 0-1,400,000 in increments of 200,000. The stacked bar labeled 'CNG Dual Fuel Vehicles' shows CNG from 0-300,000 gallons and Gasoline from 300,000-800,000 gallons. The stacked bar labeled 'E-85 Flex Fuel Vehicles' shows E85 from 0-1,000,000 gallons and Gasoline from 1,000,000-1,250,000 gallons.

69

Feasibility study report for the Imperial Valley Ethanol Refinery: a 14. 9-million-gallon-per-year ethanol synfuel refinery utilizing geothermal energy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The construction and operation of a 14,980,000 gallon per year fuel ethanol from grain refinery in the Imperial Valley of California is proposed. The Imperial Valley Ethanol Refinery (refinery) will use hot geothermal fluid from geothermal resources at the East Mesa area as the source of process energy. In order to evaluate the economic viability of the proposed Project, exhaustive engineering, cost analysis, and financial studies have been undertaken. This report presents the results of feasibility studies undertaken in geothermal resource, engineering, marketing financing, management, environment, and permits and approvals. The conclusion of these studies is that the Project is economically viable. US Alcohol Fuels is proceeding with its plans to construct and operate the Refinery.

Not Available

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Extreme MPG  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Extreme MPG Extreme MPG World Record Fuel Efficiency Link to video of Pac Car Link to Pac Car Animation Pac II vehicle and team The PAC-Car II set a new world record in fuel efficient driving during the Shell Eco-marathon in Ladoux (France) on June 26, 2005. Running on hydrogen, the PAC-Car II achieved a fuel economy of 12,665 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (MPGe)! Most Efficient EPA-Certified Vehicles* Current Model Year 2013 Chevrolet Volt 2014 Chevrolet Volt City 63 Hwy 61 Comb 62 Fuel Type: Gas/Electricity Gasoline - All Years 2000 Honda Insight 2000 Honda Insight City 49 Hwy 61 Comb 53 Fuel Type: Gasoline All Fuels - All Years 2013 Scion iQ EV 2013 Scion iQ EV City 138 Hwy 105 Comb 121 Fuel Type: Electricity *Based on Combined MPG rating. Current Model Year excludes pure EVs.

71

Month","Cell 1 (gallons)","Cell 2 (gallons)","Cell 3 (gallons...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

January",1817,2427,2820,3238,3235,2424,1811,2631 "February",1818,2277,2281,2622,3024,2018,1428,2225 "March",1676,1888,2249,2823,2733,2115,1452,2022...

72

Month","Cell 1 (gallons)","Cell 2 (gallons)","Cell 3 (gallons...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

October",1813,2425,2435,2422,2419,2018,1410,2222 "November",1616,2016,2025,2623,2414,2019,1412,2020 "December",1997,3090,2880,2623,2611,2027,1208,2222...

73

Month","Cell 1 (gallons)","Cell 2 (gallons)","Cell 3 (gallons...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

April",1818,2218,2634,2818,2891,2024,1209,2223 "May",1820,1814,2020,2823,2824,2155,1500,2414 "June",1615,2019,2220,2420,2418,1812,1407,2016...

74

Month","Cell 1 (gallons)","Cell 2 (gallons)","Cell 3 (gallons...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

July",1615,1811,2012,2419,2626,2021,1413,2014 "August",1614,1610,2017,2418,2420,1814,1412,2015 "September",1616,1814,2020,2418,2421,1814,1414,2016...

75

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Estimated Number of Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use and Alternative Fuel Consumption 5 Estimated Number of Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use and Alternative Fuel Consumption Vehicles in Use, 1995-2010 Vehicles in Use by Fuel Type, 2010 Fuel Consumption, 5 1995-2010 Fuel Consumption by Type, 2010 290 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Ethanol, 85 percent (E85). Includes only those E85 vehicles believed to be used as alternative-fueled vehicles, primarily fleet-operated vehicles; excludes other vehicles with E85- fueling capability. 2 Liquefied petroleum gases. 3 Compressed natural gas. 4 Liquefied natural gas. 5 Excludes oxygenates and biodiesel. (s)=Fewer than 0.5 thousand vehicles. (ss)=Less than 0.5 million gasoline-equivalent gallons. Source: Table 10.5. 247 265 280 295 322 395 425 471 534 565 592 635 696 776 826 939

76

Upgrade of 400,000 gallon water storage tank at Argonne National Laboratory-West to UCRL-15910 high hazard seismic requirements  

SciTech Connect

As part of the Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) Project at Argonne National Laboratory West (ANL-W), it was necessary to strengthen an existing 400,000 gallon flat-bottom water storage tank to meet UCRL-15910 (currently formulated as DOE Standard DOE-STD-1020-92, Draft) high hazard natural phenomena requirements. The tank was constructed in 1988 and preliminary calculations indicated that the existing base anchorage was insufficient to prevent buckling and potential failure during a high hazard seismic event. General design criteria, including ground motion input, load combinations, etc., were based upon the requirements of UCRL-15910 for high hazard facilities. The analysis and capacity assessment criteria were based on the Generic Implementation Procedure developed by the Seismic Qualification Utilities Group (SQUG). Upgrade modifications, consisting of increasing the size of the Generic Implementation Procedure developed by the Seismic Qualification Utilities Group (SQUG). Upgrade modifications, consisting of increasing the size of the foundation and installing additional anchor bolts and chairs, were necessary to increase the capacity of the tank anchorage/support system. The construction of the upgrades took place in 1992 while the tank remained in service to allow continued operation of the EBR-II reactor. The major phases of construction included the installation and testing of 144 1/14in. {times} 15in., and 366 1in. {times} 16in. epoxied concrete anchors, placement of 220 cubic yards of concrete heavily reinforced, and installation of 24 1-1/2in. {times} 60in. tank anchor bolts and chairs. A follow-up inspection of the tank interior by a diver was conducted to determine if the interior tank coating had been damaged by the chair welding. The project was completed on schedule and within budget.

Griffin, M.J. [EQE International, Inc., Irvine, CA (United States); Harris, B.G. [Argonne National Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

ARP MCU 3 Million gallons.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Tuesday, March 5, 2013 NEWS MEDIA CONTACT: Amy Caver, DOE, (803) 952-7213 Amy.Caver@srs.gov Dean Campbell, SRR, (803) 208-8270 Dean. Campbell@srs.gov Salt Processing Milestone Achieved at SRS AIKEN, S.C. (March 5, 2013) - The process of treating and disposing liquid salt waste currently stored in the Savannah River Site's (SRS) underground storage tanks achieved substantial

78

eGallon | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wind Manufacturing Facilities Wind Manufacturing Facilities Testing America's Wind Turbines Testing America's Wind Turbines U.S. Hydropower Potential from Existing Non-powered Dams...

79

eGallon | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

09 Energy Consumption Per Person 2009 Energy Consumption Per Person DOE Recovery Act Field Projects DOE Recovery Act Field Projects DOE National Laboratories DOE National...

80

eGallon | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Person Solar Energy Potential Solar Energy Potential Renewable Energy Production By State Renewable Energy Production By State 2009 Total Energy Production by State 2009 Total...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

eGallon | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OPEN 2012 Projects Clean Cities Coalition Regions Clean Cities Coalition Regions Google Crisis Map for Hurricane Sandy Google Crisis Map for Hurricane Sandy Alternative...

82

Life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission impacts of different corn ethanol plant types.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the United States began a program to develop ethanol as a transportation fuel, its use has increased from 175 million gallons in 1980 to 4.9 billion gallons in 2006. Virtually all of the ethanol used for transportation has been produced from corn. During the period of fuel ethanol growth, corn farming productivity has increased dramatically, and energy use in ethanol plants has been reduced by almost by half. The majority of corn ethanol plants are powered by natural gas. However, as natural gas prices have skyrocketed over the last several years, efforts have been made to further reduce the energy used in ethanol plants or to switch from natural gas to other fuels, such as coal and wood chips. In this paper, we examine nine corn ethanol plant types--categorized according to the type of process fuels employed, use of combined heat and power, and production of wet distiller grains and solubles. We found that these ethanol plant types can have distinctly different energy and greenhouse gas emission effects on a full fuel-cycle basis. In particular, greenhouse gas emission impacts can vary significantly--from a 3% increase if coal is the process fuel to a 52% reduction if wood chips are used. Our results show that, in order to achieve energy and greenhouse gas emission benefits, researchers need to closely examine and differentiate among the types of plants used to produce corn ethanol so that corn ethanol production would move towards a more sustainable path.

Wang, M.; Wu, M.; Huo, H.; Energy Systems

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Award Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nuclear deterrent; reduce global threats; and solve other emerging national security and energy challenges. Contact Awards Team (505) 667-7824 Email Types of Awards The Awards...

84

Melanin Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Melanin Types Melanin Types Name: Irfan Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What are different types of melanins? And what are the functions of these types? Replies: Hi Irfan! Melanin is a dark compound or better a photoprotective pigment. Its major role in the skin is to absorb the ultraviolet (UV) light that comes from the sun so the skin is not damaged. Sun exposure usually produces a tan at the skin that represents an increase of melanin pigment in the skin. Melanin is important also in other areas of the body, as the eye and the brain., but it is not completely understood what the melanin pigment does in these areas. Melanin forms a special cell called melanocyte. This cell is found in the skin, in the hair follicle, and in the iris and retina of the eye.

85

Type systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study of type systems has emerged as one of the most active areas of research in programming languages, with applications in software engineering, language design, high-performance compiler implementation, and security. This chapter discusses the ...

Benjamin C. Pierce

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Type: Renewal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 INCITE Awards 1 INCITE Awards Type: Renewal Title: -Ab Initio Dynamical Simulations for the Prediction of Bulk Properties‖ Principal Investigator: Theresa Windus, Iowa State University Co-Investigators: Brett Bode, Iowa State University Graham Fletcher, Argonne National Laboratory Mark Gordon, Iowa State University Monica Lamm, Iowa State University Michael Schmidt, Iowa State University Scientific Discipline: Chemistry: Physical INCITE Allocation: 10,000,000 processor hours Site: Argonne National Laboratory Machine (Allocation): IBM Blue Gene/P (10,000,000 processor hours) Research Summary: This project uses high-quality electronic structure theory, statistical mechanical methods, and

87

Bacteria Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bacteria Types Bacteria Types Name: Evelyn Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What is the significance of S. marcescens,M.luteus, S.epidermidis, and E. Coli? Which of these are gram-positive and gram-negative, and where can these be found? Also, what problems can they cause? When we culture these bacteria, we used four methods: plates, broth, slants, and pour plates. The media was made of TSB, TSA, NAP, and NAD. What is significant about these culturing methods? Replies: I could give you the answer to that question but it is more informative, and fun, to find out yourself. Start with the NCBI library online (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/) and do a query with the species name, and 'virulence' if you want to know what they're doing to us. Have a look at the taxonomy devision to see how they are related. To find out if they're gram-pos or neg you should do a gram stain if you can. Otherwise you'll find that information in any bacteriology determination guide. Your question about the media is not specific enough so I can't answer it.

88

Facility Type!  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ITY: ITY: --&L~ ----------- srct-r~ -----------~------~------- if yee, date contacted ------------- cl Facility Type! i I 0 Theoretical Studies Cl Sample 84 Analysis ] Production 1 Diepasal/Storage 'YPE OF CONTRACT .--------------- 1 Prime J Subcontract&- 1 Purchase Order rl i '1 ! Other information (i.e., ---------~---~--~-------- :ontrait/Pirchaee Order # , I C -qXlJ- --~-------~~-------~~~~~~ I I ~~~---~~~~~~~T~~~ FONTRACTING PERIODi IWNERSHIP: ,I 1 AECIMED AECMED GOVT GOUT &NTtiAC+OR GUN-I OWNED ----- LEEE!? M!s LE!Ps2 -LdJG?- ---L .ANDS ILJILDINGS X2UIPilENT IRE OR RAW HA-I-L :INAL PRODUCT IASTE Z. RESIDUE I I kility l pt I ,-- 7- ,+- &!d,, ' IN&"E~:EW AT SITE -' ---------------- , . Control 0 AEC/tlED managed operations

89

Number: 1894 Type: factoid ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... type> Type: factoid Description: How high is the pitcher's mound? ... 2047 Type: factoid Description: How close is Mercury to ...

2003-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

90

Utah Kerosene Sales/Deliveries to Farm Consumers (Thousand Gallons)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1980's: 9: 25: 14: 50: 37: 23: 1990's: 99: 11: 13: 17: 18: 52: 20: 28: 11: 12: 2000's ...

91

Utah Premium Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1983: 3.9: 3.3: 3.8: 3.8: 5.0: 5.3: 5.5: 6.2: 6.1: 5.6: 5.7: 5.1: 1984: W: W: W: W: W: W: 42.5: 19.5: 17.8: 18.1 ...

92

BLENDING OF RADIOACTIVE SALT SOLUTIONS IN MILLION GALLON TANKS  

SciTech Connect

Research was completed at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to investigate processes related to the blending of radioactive, liquid waste, salt solutions in 4920 cubic meter, 25.9 meter diameter storage tanks. One process was the blending of large salt solution batches (up to 1135 3028 cubic meters), using submerged centrifugal pumps. A second process was the disturbance of a settled layer of solids, or sludge, on the tank bottom. And a third investigated process was the settling rate of sludge solids if suspended into slurries by the blending pump. To investigate these processes, experiments, CFD models (computational fluid dynamics), and theory were applied. Experiments were performed using simulated, non-radioactive, salt solutions referred to as supernates, and a layer of settled solids referred to as sludge. Blending experiments were performed in a 2.44 meter diameter pilot scale tank, and flow rate measurements and settling tests were performed at both pilot scale and full scale. A summary of the research is presented here to demonstrate the adage that, One good experiment fixes a lot of good theory. Experimental testing was required to benchmark CFD models, or the models would have been incorrectly used. In fact, CFD safety factors were established by this research to predict full-scale blending performance. CFD models were used to determine pump design requirements, predict blending times, and cut costs several million dollars by reducing the number of required blending pumps. This research contributed to DOE missions to permanently close the remaining 47 of 51 SRS waste storage tanks.

Leishear, R.

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

93

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #519: May 19, 2008 One Gallon...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Download Adobe Reader U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC). Return to 2008 Facts of the Week Contacts | Web Site Policies | U.S. Department of...

94

Colorado No 2 Diesel Off-Highway Other (Thousand Gallons)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1980's: 9,771: 741: 273: 501: 4,400: 443: 1990's: 791: 429: 287: 1,891: 848: 920: 1,760 ...

95

Nondestructive testing methods for 55-gallon, waste storage drums  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) authorized Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to conduct a feasibility study to identify promising nondestructive testing (NDT) methods for detecting general and localized (both pitting and pinhole) corrosion in the 55-gal drums that are used to store solid waste materials at the Hanford Site. This document presents results obtained during a literature survey, identifies the relevant reference materials that were reviewed, provides a technical description of the methods that were evaluated, describes the laboratory tests that were conducted and their results, identifies the most promising candidate methods along with the rationale for these selections, and includes a work plan for recommended follow-on activities. This report contains a brief overview and technical description for each of the following NDT methods: magnetic testing techniques; eddy current testing; shearography; ultrasonic testing; radiographic computed tomography; thermography; and leak testing with acoustic detection.

Ferris, R.H.; Hildebrand, B.P.; Hockey, R.L.; Riechers, D.M.; Spanner, J.C. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Duncan, D.R. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Blending Of Radioactive Salt Solutions In Million Gallon Tanks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research was completed at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to investigate processes related to the blending of radioactive, liquid waste, salt solutions in 4920 cubic meter, 25.9 meter diameter storage tanks. One process was the blending of large salt solution batches (up to 1135 ? 3028 cubic meters), using submerged centrifugal pumps. A second process was the disturbance of a settled layer of solids, or sludge, on the tank bottom. And a third investigated process was the settling rate of sludge solids if suspended into slurries by the blending pump. To investigate these processes, experiments, CFD models (computational fluid dynamics), and theory were applied. Experiments were performed using simulated, non-radioactive, salt solutions referred to as supernates, and a layer of settled solids referred to as sludge. Blending experiments were performed in a 2.44 meter diameter pilot scale tank, and flow rate measurements and settling tests were performed at both pilot scale and full scale. A summary of the research is presented here to demonstrate the adage that, ?One good experiment fixes a lot of good theory?. Experimental testing was required to benchmark CFD models, or the models would have been incorrectly used. In fact, CFD safety factors were established by this research to predict full-scale blending performance. CFD models were used to determine pump design requirements, predict blending times, and cut costs several million dollars by reducing the number of required blending pumps. This research contributed to DOE missions to permanently close the remaining 47 of 51 SRS waste storage tanks.

Leishear, Robert A.; Lee, Si Y.; Fowley, Mark D.; Poirier, Michael R.

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

97

NREL Helps Clean Cities Displace Billions of Gallons of Petroleum...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional Transit District, which employs hybrid-electric buses fueled with Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) for a shuttle service running along its open-air 16th Street Mall. Credit:...

98

Vermont Propane Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Propane (Consumer Grade) Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes; Vermont Propane (Consumer Grade) Refiner Sales Volumes; Vermont Sales to End Users ...

99

Mosaic neurofibromatosis type 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) with microdeletionsM, Huson S. Mosaic (segmental) neurofibromatosis type 1and type 2: no longer neurofibromatosis type 5. Am J Med

Liang, Christine; Schaffer, Julie V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

District, and Selected States (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Commercial Institutional Consumers...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Type checking and normalisation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is about Martin-Lf's intuitionistic theory of types (type theory). Type theory is at the same time a formal system for mathematical proof and (more)

Chapman, James Maitland

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Hybrid type checking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phase distinctions in type theory. Manuscript, 1988. [10]Typechecking dependent types and subtypes. In Lecture notesF. Pfenning. Intersection types and computational effects.

Flanagan, C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Type 2 segmental glomangiomas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

skin disorders: different types of severitiy reflectevidence for dichotomous types of severitiy. Arch Dermatol9. Happle R, Knig A. Type 2 segmental manifestation of

Hoekzema, Rick; Zonneveld, Ingrid M; Wal, Allard C van der

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Writing with Complex Type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

29] Middendorp, J. 2004. Dutch type. 010 Publishers. [30]A. Hyland. 1992. Twentieth-century type. Laurence King. [7]Robertson. 2005. From Movable Type to Moving Type-Evolution

Lewis, Jason; Nadeau, Bruno

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

abstract data type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Definition of abstract data type, possibly with links to more information and implementations. NIST. abstract data type. (definition). ...

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

106

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

05-1 · Types of Costs · Types of Cost Estimates · Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408) costs apply to those items that are consumed in production process and are roughly proportional to level in cash flow analysis and in the decision to use the equipment for reclamation? Types of Costs #12

Boisvert, Jeff

107

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Types of Costs · Types of Cost Estimates · Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408: Mining the equipment for reclamation? Types of Costs #12;· Marginal Cost: ­ Change in total cost ­ Any production process involves fixed and variable costs. As production increases/expands, fixed costs are unchanged, so

Boisvert, Jeff

108

Type systems for dummies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We extend Pure Type Systems with a function turning each term M of type A into a dummy |M| of the same type (|.| is not an identity, in that M ? |M|). Intuitively, a dummy represents an unknown, canonical object of the given type: dummies are opaque ... Keywords: canonical element, proof irrelevance, pure type system

Andrea Asperti; Ferruccio Guidi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

ARM - Measurement - Cloud type  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

type ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud type Cloud type such as...

110

Type-checking injective pure type systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Injective pure type systems form a large class of pure type systems for which one can compute by purely syntactic means two sorts elmt(?∣M) and sort(?∣M), where ? is a pseudo-context and M is a pseudo-term, ...

Gilles Barthe

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

1 The Implications of Alternative Biofuel Policies on Carbon Leakage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show how leakage differs, depending on the biofuel policy and market conditions. Carbon leakage is shown to have two components: a market leakage effect and an emissions savings effect. We also distinguish domestic and international leakage and show how omitting the former like the IPCC does can bias leakage estimates. International leakage is always positive, but domestic leakage can be negative. The magnitude of market leakage depends on the domestic and foreign gasoline supply and fuel demand elasticities, and on consumption and production shares of world oil markets for the country introducing the biofuel policy. Being a small country in world oil markets does not automatically imply that leakage is 100 percent or above that of a large country. We show leakage due to a tax credit is always greater than that of a mandate, while the combination of a mandate and subsidy generates greater leakage than a mandate alone. In general, one gallon of ethanol is found to replace only 0.35 gallons of gasoline not one gallon as assumed by life-cycle accounting. For the United States, this translates into one (gasoline-equivalent) gallon of ethanol emitting 1.13 times more carbon than a gallon of gasoline if indirect land use change (iLUC) is not included in the estimated emissions savings effect and 1.43 times more when iLUC is included.

Dusan Drabik; Harry De Gorter; David R. Just; Dusan Drabik; Harry De Gorter; David R. Just

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Typing constraint logic programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a prescriptive type system with parametric polymorphism and subtyping for constraint logic programs. The aim of this type system is to detect programming errors statically. It introduces a type discipline for constraint logic programs and ... Keywords: Constraint logic programming, Metaprogramming, Prolog, subtyping, type systems

Franois Fages; Emmanuel Coquery

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Regular Object Types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regular expression types have been proposed as a foundation for statically typed processing of XML and similar forms of tree-structured data. To date, however, regular expression types have been explored in special-purpose languages (e.g., XDuce, CDuce, and XQuery) with type systems designed around regular expression types "from the ground up." The goal of the Xtatic language is to bring regular expression types to a broad audience by offering them as a lightweight extension of a popular object-oriented language, C#. We develop...

Vladimir Gapeyev; Benjamin C. Pierce

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Types of Radiation Exposure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

External Irradiation Contamination Incorporation Biological Effects of Acute, Total Body Irradiation Managing Radiation Emergencies Procedure Demonstration Types of radiation...

115

Type B Drum packages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Type B Drum package is a container in which a single drum containing Type B quantities of radioactive material will be packaged for shipment. The Type B Drum containers are being developed to fill a void in the packaging and transportation capabilities of the US Department of Energy (DOE), as no double containment packaging for single drums of Type B radioactive material is currently available. Several multiple-drum containers and shielded casks presently exist. However, the size and weight of these containers present multiple operational challenges for single-drum shipments. The Type B Drum containers will offer one unshielded version and, if needed, two shielded versions, and will provide for the option of either single or double containment. The primary users of the Type B Drum container will be any organization with a need to ship single drums of Type B radioactive material. Those users include laboratories, waste retrieval facilities, emergency response teams, and small facilities.

Edwards, W.S.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

TYPE OF UPERATICIN  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Process i Theoretical Studies Sample & Analysis 0 Production 0 DisposalStorage a Facility Type 0 Manufacturing q University, a Research Organizatiori 0 Government Sponsored...

117

TYPES OF FIELD TESTING  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TYPES OF FIELD TESTING Convincing proof of energy savings and performance in a specific building and occupant context If direct proof of savings is desired, the only feasible...

118

Discriminative sum types locate the source of type errors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a type system for locating the source of type errors in an applied lambda calculus with ML-style polymorphism. The system is based on discriminative sum types---known from work on soft typing---with annotation subtyping and recursive types. ... Keywords: polymorphism, type errors, type inference

Matthias Neubauer; Peter Thiemann

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

An Improved Type Reduction Algorithm for Type-2 Fuzzy Sets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Type reduction does the work of computing the centroid of a type-2 fuzzy set. The result is a type-1 fuzzy set from which a corresponding (more)

Su, Yao-Lung

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Screw Type Ac Air Compressor Manufacturers, Screw Type Ac Air ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Screw Type Ac Air Compressor, Screw Type Ac Air Compressor Manufacturers & Suppliers Directory - Find here Screw Type Ac Air Compressor Traders, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Pityriasis rubra pilaris, type IV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pityriasis rubra pilaris, type IV Jennifer Bragg MD,rubra pilaris (PRP), type IV (circumscribed juvenile).Type IV PRP develops in prepubertal children, is typically

Bragg, Jennifer; Witkiewicz, Agnieszka; Orlow, Seth J; Schaffer, Julie V

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Pityriasis rubra pilaris, type 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pityriasis rubra pilaris, type 1 Alexandria V Booth MD andhemorrhages [ 1 ]. Five types of pityriasis rubra pilarisand prognosis. The five types include the classic adult and

Booth, Alexandria V; Ma, Linglei

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Types of Thermocouples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Properties of standard thermocouples...Table 1 Properties of standard thermocouples Type Thermoelements Base composition Melting point, °C Resisivity nΩ · m Recommended

124

Manufacturer: Panasonic Battery Type: ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Battery Specifi cations Manufacturer: Panasonic Battery Type: Nickel Metal Hydride Rated Capacity: 5.5 Ahr Rated Power: Not Available Nominal Pack Voltage: 158.4 VDC Nominal Cell...

125

The Napier Type System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Persistent programming is concerned with the construction of large and long lived systems of data. In designing and building persistent object systems, we are attempting to regularise the activities that are performed on data by programming languages, operating systems, database management systems and file systems. We have identified the following areas of research which we are investigating in the context of persistent systems. They are: controlling complexity, protection of data, orthogonal persistence, controlled system evolution and concurrent computation. In this paper, we describe the data modelling facilities of the Napier type system. We also demonstrate the flexible and incremental nature of the type checking mechanism that is required for persistent programming. The type system is central to the nature of the Napier language and we will demonstrate how it has been designed to solve problems in the five areas identified above.

R. Morrison; A.L. Brown; R. Carrick; R.C.H. Connor; A. Dearle; M.P. Atkinson

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

3!NEEi_S1 3!NEEi_S1 past: -~~~-~~~~~-~~~---------- current: ------------_------------- Owner contacted q yes g no; if ye=, date contacted TYPE OF OPERATION --~~__--~-~~~---- 5 Research & Development 5 Facility Type 0 Production scale testing c1 Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process z Theareti cal Studi es Sample Sr Analysis 0 Production D Disposal/Storage TYPE OF CONTRACT ---------------- 0 Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Clrganization B Government Cpanaored Faci 1 i ty 0 Other ~~---~~---_--~~-----_ a Prime 13 Subcontract& D PurcSase Order 0 Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit price, time & material, +z) ----_----------------------- Cantract/Purchaae Order #-d-z=&-/) -2_7~-------------Is_------------ PERIOD: CONTRACTING I%~(?) - 1465

127

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies FY14 Budget At-a-Glance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HYDROGEN AND FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES FY14 BUDGET AT-A-GLANCE Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Technologies develops fuel cells to be cost-competitive in diverse applications, including light-duty vehicles (at $30/kW) and stationary power (at less than $1,500/kW), and renewable hydrogen (from diverse resources) to be cost-competitive with gasoline ($2 to $4 per gallon gasoline equivalent [gge], delivered and dispensed). What We Do To achieve its goals, Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Technologies employs a comprehensive strategy that addresses both technical and non-technical barriers to commercialization and aims to catalyze domestic growth in this emerging in- dustry:  Research and Development: Investing in R&D to in- crease the durability and reduce the cost of fuel cells,

128

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record 12024: Hydrogen Production Cost Using Low-Cost Natural Gas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2024 Date: September 19, 2012 2024 Date: September 19, 2012 Title: Hydrogen Production Cost Using Low-Cost Natural Gas Originator: Sara Dillich, Todd Ramsden & Marc Melaina Approved by: Sunita Satyapal Date: September 24, 2012 Item: Hydrogen produced and dispensed in distributed facilities at high-volume refueling stations using current technology and DOE's Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) 2009 projected prices for industrial natural gas result in a hydrogen levelized cost of $4.49 per gallon-gasoline-equivalent (gge) (untaxed) including compression, storage and dispensing costs. The hydrogen production portion of this cost is $2.03/gge. In comparison, current analyses using low-cost natural gas with a price of $2.00 per MMBtu can decrease the hydrogen levelized cost to $3.68 per gge (untaxed) including

129

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record 5038: Hydrogen Cost Competitive on a Cents per Mile Basis - 2006  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Date: May 22, 2006 8 Date: May 22, 2006 Title: Hydrogen Cost Competitive on a Cents per Mile Basis - 2006 Originator: Patrick Davis & Steve Chalk Approved by: JoAnn Milliken Approval Date: May 22, 2006 Item : Lower the cost of hydrogen from natural gas to be competitive on a cents per mile basis with conventional gasoline vehicles. Supporting Information: The results of a 2003 economic analysis were used to estimate the cost of hydrogen produced from distributed natural gas reforming at $5 per gallon of gasoline equivalent (gge) (See U.S. DOE Record 5030: Hydrogen Baseline Cost of $5 per gge in 2003; available at http://www.hydrogen.energy.gov/program_records). Since the original analysis, DOE-sponsored R&D has resulted in significant cost reductions,

130

Hydrogen Delivery Sub-Program Overview - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FY 2012 Annual Progress Report DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program IntroductIon The Hydrogen Delivery sub-program supports research and development (R&D) of technologies that enable low-cost, efficient, and safe delivery of hydrogen to the end-user in order to achieve a threshold cost of $2-$4 per gallon gasoline equivalent (gge) of hydrogen (produced, delivered, and dispensed), which represents the cost at which hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are projected to become competitive on a cost- per-mile basis with competing vehicles (gasoline-powered hybrid-electric vehicles) in 2020. 1 The Hydrogen Delivery sub-program addresses all hydrogen distribution activities from the point of production to the point

131

EcoCAR Challenge 2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition With an Extended-Range Electric Vehicle, The Ohio State University and the University of Waterloo Finish Second and Third Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition With an Extended-Range Electric Vehicle, The Ohio State University and the University of Waterloo Finish Second and Third EcoCAR logo VirginiaTech EcoCAR winner EcoCAR Winner Virginia Tech. View larger image. Students from Virginia Tech University learned last night that their teamwork, perseverance and hard work have led to top honors when they were named the overall winners of EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge after designing and building an exceptional extended-range electric vehicle (EREV) using E85 (ethanol). Throughout the three-year competition, the Virginia Tech team hit incremental goals that helped the vehicle achieve fuel efficiency of 81.9 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent, or 70 percent over the stock vehicle,

132

Types of quantum information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum, in contrast to classical, information theory, allows for different incompatible types (or species) of information which cannot be combined with each other. Distinguishing these incompatible types is useful in understanding the role of the two classical bits in teleportation (or one bit in one-bit teleportation), for discussing decoherence in information-theoretic terms, and for giving a proper definition, in quantum terms, of ``classical information.'' Various examples (some updating earlier work) are given of theorems which relate different incompatible kinds of information, and thus have no counterparts in classical information theory.

Robert B. Griffiths

2007-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

133

Conditional belief types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study type spaces where a players type at a state is a conditional probability on the space. We axiomatize these type spaces using conditional belief operators, and examine three additional axioms of increasing strength. First, introspection, which requires the agent to be unconditionally certain of her beliefs. Second, echo, according to which the unconditional beliefs implied by the condition must be held given the condition. Third, determination, which says that the conditional beliefs are the unconditional beliefs that are conditionally certain. The echo axiom implies that conditioning on an event is the same as conditioning on the event being certain, which formalizes the standard informal interpretation of conditioning in probability theory. The echo axiom also implies that the conditional probability given an event is a prior of the unconditional probability. The game-theoretic application of our model, which we treat in the context of an example, sheds light on a number of basic issues in the analysis of extensive form games. Type spaces are closely related to the sphere models of counterfactual conditionals and to models of hypothetical knowledge, and we discuss these relationships in detail.

Alfredo Di; Tillio Joseph; Y. Halpern; Dov Samet

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Spray type wet scrubber  

SciTech Connect

A spray type wet scrubber includes a plurality of spray nozzles installed in parallel banks across the path of gas stream within the scrubber body, and partition walls held upright in grating fashion to divide the path of gas stream into a plurality of passages, each of which accommodates one of the spray nozzles.

Atsukawa, M.; Tatani, A.

1978-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

135

Types of Multinet System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A limiting factor in research on combining classifiers is a lack of awareness of the full range of available modular structures. One reason for this is that there is as yet little agreement on a means of describing and classifying types of multiple classifier ...

Amanda J. C. Sharkey

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Scripting the type inference process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To improve the quality of type error messages in functional programming languages,we propose four techniques which influence the behaviour of constraint-based type inference processes. These techniques take the form of externally supplied type inference ... Keywords: constraints, directives, domain-specific programming, type errors, type inference

Bastiaan Heeren; Jurriaan Hage; S. Doaitse Swierstra

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Owner c:ontacted Owner c:ontacted TYPE OF OPERATION ----------------_ jJ Research & Development 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process i Theoretical Studies Sample & Analysis B Production 0 Disposal/Storage $r Prime 0 Subcontract& 0 Purchase Order 0 Facility Type 0 Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Organization a Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fern, unit price,' time & mate ~r~~-r~~tf~-_~_-_~-~f-~~J~ d ial, etc)_kl/Jlfits ---- -7---- -- Contract/Purchase Order # w?@7-e?-b $ 6, i;,_~~~~~----------------- - ----- C_O!!IF!KXYE-PEELEg: -lTlL-/L?~J --------------------------- OWNERSHXP: AEWHEC AEC/HED' GOVT GB' JT SiXiRACTOR CONiRkCiGR WEE LEAs_EE a!!!%? IEEE!? --------_ ..---LEASED ._ OWNED LANDS BUILDINGS EQUIPMENT

138

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

~~__--------_____ ~~__--------_____ q Research & Development q Production scale testing Cl Pilat Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies a Sample & Analysis c] Production 0 Disposal/Storage TYPE OF CONTRACT ~~__-------_--__ 0 Prime 0 Subcontractor 0 Purchase Order a d//F- a Faci 1 i ty Type a tlanuf acturi ng 0 University q Research Organization 0 Government Sponsored Facility a other --------------__----- Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit price, time & material, qtr) ------- -1------------------_L______ Contract/Purchase Order # CONTRACTING PE?IOD- 42 --------------L---- --------- ----------------_---______ OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED AEC/tlED OWNED ----- LE_A_sEE GOUT GO' JT CONTRACTOR E!!!!E!z LEASED - ----_ ---_OW_E!L LANDS BUILDINGS

139

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

OWNEF? (S) OWNEF? (S) Current: ____ LcrcJksLG! _________ Owner contacted n yes WI-IO; if yes, date contacted-- TYPE OF OPERATION ----_-------_---- m Research & Development Cl Pilot Scale Cl Disposal/Storaqe TYPE OF CDNTRACT ---__------__--- q Prime 0 Subcnntractor Cl Purchase Order 0 Other infcrmation (i.e., cnst + fixed fee, unit price, time 84 materi+, e.tc) v-7Y07-&G-W ---------------------------- Contract/Pur&aae Order # 0 -?+7- FJc-(CL --___--------~----_______________ CONTRACTING PEXIOD: fl& ,&I;'"'-?;': (&e-?)_-- ' ------------------ OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED GEC/MED SOVT GOVT CONTRACTOR CCNTRACTOR OWNE3 LEASE3 OWNE3 LEASED OWNE3 ----- ------ ----- ------ -__------- LE.352 LANDS u u q BUILDINGS EQUIPMENT 0 FINAL PRODUCT WASTE G RESIDUE a

140

Solar-type Variables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rich acoustic oscillation spectrum in solar-type variables make these stars particularly interesting for studying fluid-dynamical aspects of the stellar interior. I present a summary of the properties of solar-like oscillations, how they are excited and damped and discuss some of the recent progress in using asteroseismic diagnostic techniques for analysing low-degree acoustic modes. Also the effects of stellar-cycle variations in low-mass main-sequence stars are addressed.

Houdek, Gunter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Practical pluggable types for Java  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper introduces the Checker Framework, which supports adding pluggable type systems to the Java language in a backward-compatible way. A type system designer defines type qualifiers and their semantics, and a compiler ...

Papi, Matthew M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Practical pluggable types for Java.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper introduces the Checker Framework, which supports adding pluggable type systems to the Java language in a backward-compatible way. A type system designer defines (more)

Papi, Matthew M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Type inference for datalog with complex type hierarchies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Type inference for Datalog can be understood as the problem of mapping programs to a sublanguage for which containment is decidable. To wit, given a program in Datalog, a schema describing the types of extensional relations, and a user-supplied set of ... Keywords: datalog, type inference, type system

Max Schfer; Oege de Moor

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

_---------_-- _---------_-- Research & Development 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilat Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies Cl Sample SC Analysis !J Production 0 Dis.posal/Storage 0 Prime ." 0 Subcontract& 0 Purchase Order 0 Facility Type 0 Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Org&ization 0 Government Sponsored Facility Cl Other ---------_---__-____- Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit price, time & material, gtr) Coni+act/Purchase Order # ---------------------_--_________ C!2kEE~_CIL_N_G-EE~LE~: /5J--L-,r4 53 -------------------------------------- OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED AEC/MED GOVT GOVT CONTRACTOR CONTRACTOR !w!!E? ___--- " EWNED LEASED L_EesEE OWNED LEASED ---------_ --_------ LANDS BUILDINGS ' EQUIPMENT

145

Process Design and Economics for Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol: Thermochemical Pathway by Indirect Gasification and Mixed Alcohol Synthesis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This design report describes an up-to-date benchmark thermochemical conversion process that incorporates the latest research from NREL and other sources. Building on a design report published in 2007, NREL and its subcontractor Harris Group Inc. performed a complete review of the process design and economic model for a biomass-to-ethanol process via indirect gasification. The conceptual design presented herein considers the economics of ethanol production, assuming the achievement of internal research targets for 2012 and nth-plant costs and financing. The design features a processing capacity of 2,205 U.S. tons (2,000 metric tonnes) of dry biomass per day and an ethanol yield of 83.8 gallons per dry U.S. ton of feedstock. The ethanol selling price corresponding to this design is $2.05 per gallon in 2007 dollars, assuming a 30-year plant life and 40% equity financing with a 10% internal rate of return and the remaining 60% debt financed at 8% interest. This ethanol selling price corresponds to a gasoline equivalent price of $3.11 per gallon based on the relative volumetric energy contents of ethanol and gasoline.

Dutta, A.; Talmadge, M.; Hensley, J.; Worley, M.; Dudgeon, D.; Barton, D.; Groendijk, P.; Ferrari, D.; Stears, B.; Searcy, E. M.; Wright, C. T.; Hess, J. R.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Forecast Technical Document Forecast Types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forecast Technical Document Forecast Types A document describing how different forecast types are implemented in the 2011 Production Forecast system. Tom Jenkins Robert Matthews Ewan Mackie Lesley Halsall #12;PF2011 ­ Forecast Types Background Different `types' of forecast are possible for a specified area

147

Type inference for generic Haskell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. The more expressive a type system, the more type information has to be provided in a program. Having to provide a type is sometimes a pain, but lacking expressivity is often even worse. There is a continuous struggle between expressivity and (type-)verbosity. However, even very expressive type systems allow type inference for parts of a program. Generic Haskell is an extension of Haskell that supports defining generic functions. Generic Haskell assumes that the type of a generic function is explicitly specified. This is often no problem, but sometimes it is rather painful to have to specify a type in particular for generic functions with many dependencies and sometimes the specified type can be generalized. In this paper, we identify three type inference problems specific to generic functions, and present (partial) solutions to each of them. 1

Alexey Rodriguez; Johan Jeuring; Andres Lh

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

______ ______ 0 Research & Development 9 Faciiity Type 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies Cl Sample 84 Analysis Production Di aposal /Storage g ;E:"V',;=:;;';"" IJ Research Organization 0 Government Sponeored Facility q Other --------------------- 0 Prime q ,@ Subcontract& Other information (i.e., cost 0 Purchase Order + fixed fee, unit price, time ?8 material, etc) -------mm----+------------- Contract/Purchase Order # CONTRACTING PERIODr c&L&.& rqs-z i i -----~_--~~~_----_ -------------------------------------- OWNERSHIP8 CIEC/tlED CIEC/MED GOUT WNED LE&xU _o!!EED LANDS BUILDINGS EQUIPMENT iii E : ORE OR RAW MATL IJ : E FINCIL PRODUCT [7 WCISTE b RESIDUE q GOUT

149

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

----------------- ----------------- 0 Research & Development .a Production scale testing 0 Pilat Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Thearetical Studies Cl Sample 84 Analysis 0 Production *i DiaposalKitorage Cl Facility Tybe q Government Sponsored Facility Other R.L- 6:e 14 1 1 ---------- --------- I I I TYPE OF CONTRACT ~-__-----------_ fl Prime *I 0 Subcantractbr Other infuriation (i.e., L.t + fixed fee, kit price, 0 Purchase Order time k mat*iik, gtc) /I -~---------'-t-----------~- ----------II---------------- Contract/Purchase Order # I EP!EBEII!G-PEEI9E: ---------------------------------~---- , OWNERSHiP: : I I j ,' / 1 AEC/tlED AEC/MED GOUT GOUT E!!NE_D LEASEI! !z%!NE_D CONTTACTOR CONTf?qCTOR LEASE?? ---w!En- ---LEL3SEI! i I I I LANDS BUILDINGS EIXIIPMENT

150

A type system for CHR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a generic type system for the Constraint Handling Rules (CHR), a rewriting rule language for implementing constraint solvers. CHR being a high-level extension of a host language, such as Prolog or Java, this type system is parameterized by the type system of the host language. We show the consistency of the type system for CHR w.r.t. its operational semantics. We also study the case when the host language is a constraint logic programming language, typed with the prescriptive type system we developed in our previous work. In particular, we show the consistency of the resulting type system w.r.t. the extended execution model CLP+CHR. This system is implemented through an extension of our type checker TCLP for constraint logic languages. We report on experimental results about the type-checking of 12 CHR solvers and programs, including TCLP itself.

Emmanuel Coquery; Franois Fages

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Pluggable type-checking for custom type qualifiers in Java  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have created a framework for adding custom type qualifiers to the Javalanguage in a backward-compatible way. The type system designer definesthe qualifiers and creates a compiler plug-in that enforces theirsemantics. ...

Papi, Matthew M.

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

152

Tornado type wind turbines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tornado type wind turbine has a vertically disposed wind collecting tower with spaced apart inner and outer walls and a central bore. The upper end of the tower is open while the lower end of the structure is in communication with a wind intake chamber. An opening in the wind chamber is positioned over a turbine which is in driving communication with an electrical generator. An opening between the inner and outer walls at the lower end of the tower permits radially flowing air to enter the space between the inner and outer walls while a vertically disposed opening in the wind collecting tower permits tangentially flowing air to enter the central bore. A porous portion of the inner wall permits the radially flowing air to interact with the tangentially flowing air so as to create an intensified vortex flow which exits out of the top opening of the tower so as to create a low pressure core and thus draw air through the opening of the wind intake chamber so as to drive the turbine.

Hsu, Cheng-Ting (Ames, IA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

A Type Driven Theory of Predication with Complex Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates several models of the complex type which is needed to analyze copredication. Previous accounts are shown to be inadequate and a new account both of and copredication is proposed. Keywords: categorial interpretation,, coercion,, complex types,, copredication,, dot()types, lambda calculus,

Nicholas Asher

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Generic and maximal Jordan types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 7, 2007 ... (G,k) we exhibit a generic Jordan type of M. In the very special ... specializes to the non-trivial observation that the Jordan type obtained by.

155

Evolutionary Analysis of 11beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase-Type 1, -Type 2, -Type 3 and 17beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase-Type 2 in Fish  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

metabolized by 11 -hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-type 1and type 2 andhydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-type 1 and type 2. A. 11 -HSD1

Baker, Michael E

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

U.S. No. 2 Heating Oil Residential Price (Dollars per Gallon)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1.456: 2004: 1.566: 1.615: 1.598: 1.947: 2.032: 1.972: 2005: 1.974: 2.000: 2.104: 2.638: 2.456: 2.424: 2006: 2.446: 2.418: 2.431: 2.387: 2.376: 2.441: 2007: 2.369: 2 ...

157

How many gallons of gasoline does one barrel of oil make? - FAQ ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

158

What do I pay for in a gallon of regular gasoline? - FAQ - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude Oil: 70%. The cost of crude oil as a share of the retail price varies over time and among regions of the country.

159

How many gallons of gasoline does one barrel of oil make? - FAQ ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. Consumption & Efficiency. Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, ...

160

What do I pay for in a gallon of regular gasoline? - FAQ - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The cost of crude oil as a share of the retail price varies over time and among regions of the country.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

the impact of industrial biofuels on people and global hunger Meals per gallon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

renewable · "Uncertainty [of indirect effects] is too great to say whether the EU 10% biofuel target of biofuel incorporation targets #12;IARU Climate Congress, Copenhagen, 11th March 2009 - Jérémie Mercier 15Can biofuels justify current transport policies? Jérémie Mercier IARU Climate Congress - Copenhagen

162

What we pay for in a gallon of regular gasoline - Today in Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Biofuels: Ethanol & Biodiesel ... - the part of the supply chain where wholesale gasoline is brought to a retail station and sold to the final consumer.

163

Table EN1. Federal and State Motor Gasoline Taxes1 (Cents per Gallon)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The City of White Plains charges a total of 7.75% sales tax. 8 The San Francisco Metropolitan Area is comprised of Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, San Francisco, ...

164

State gasoline taxes average 23.5 cents per gallon but vary ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; A-Z Index A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. Today in Energy. Glossary ...

165

How much tax do we pay on a gallon of gasoline and diesel fuel ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Greenhouse gas data, voluntary report- ing, electric power plant emissions. Highlights ... Does EIA have city or county-level energy consumption and price data?

166

U.S. Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1980's: 51,106.9: 57,573.4: 57,536.1: 61,369.3: 61,023.5: 61,029.2: 61,226.0: 1990's ...

167

TYPE OF OPERATION R Research & Development T& Facility Type  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

-- R Research & Development T& Facility Type 0 Production scale testing a Pilat scale Y-. Bench Scale Process i Theoretical Studies Sample & Analysis 0 Productian 0 Disposal...

168

From Typing Constraints to Typed Constraint Systems in CHR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Typing constraint programs requires the exibility of subtyping to properly express coercions between constraint domains. The typing of constraint logic programs as done in the TCLP system for example involves solving complex subtyping constraints. In this paper we present an implementation in CHR of Pottier's algorithm for checking the satisfiability of subtype inequalities. We show that when combined with a CHR implementation of an untyped constraint system, a simple merge of both CHR programs gives rise to a new typed constraint system which enjoys nice semantical properties. This is illustrated with examples of typed unification and TCLP programs.

Emmanuel Coquery; Franois Fages; Projet Contraintes Inria-rocquencourt

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Window Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Window Types Window Types Window Types June 18, 2012 - 8:06am Addthis A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto What does this mean for me? If you have old windows, they are likely losing large amounts of energy through the frames and glazing. By upgrading old windows, you can reduce heating and cooling costs in your home. Windows come in a number of different frame and glazing types. By combining an energy-efficient frame choice with a glazing type tailored to your climate and application, you can customize each of your home's windows. Types of Window Frames Improving the thermal resistance of the frame can contribute to a window's

170

Window Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Window Types Window Types Window Types June 18, 2012 - 8:06am Addthis A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto What does this mean for me? If you have old windows, they are likely losing large amounts of energy through the frames and glazing. By upgrading old windows, you can reduce heating and cooling costs in your home. Windows come in a number of different frame and glazing types. By combining an energy-efficient frame choice with a glazing type tailored to your climate and application, you can customize each of your home's windows. Types of Window Frames Improving the thermal resistance of the frame can contribute to a window's

171

DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW TYPE A(F)RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL PACKAGING FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

SciTech Connect

In a coordinated effort, the Department of Transportation (DOT) and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) proposed the elimination of the Specification Packaging from 49 CFR 173.[1] In accordance with the Federal Register, issued on October 1, 2004, new fabrication of Specification Packages would no longer be authorized. In accordance with the NRC final rulemaking published January 26, 2004, Specification Packagings are mandated by law to be removed from service no later than October 1, 2008. This coordinated effort and resulting rulemaking initiated a planned phase out of Specification Type B and Type A fissile (F) material transportation packages within the Department of Energy (DOE) and its subcontractors. One of the Specification Packages affected by this regulatory change is the UN1A2 Specification Package, per DOT 49 CFR 173.417(a)(6). To maintain continuing shipments of DOE materials currently transported in UN1A2 Specification Package after the existing authorization expires, a replacement Type A(F) material packaging design is under development by the Savannah River National Laboratory. This paper presents a summary of the prototype design effort and testing of the new Type A(F) Package development for the DOE. This paper discusses the progress made in the development of a Type A Fissile Packaging to replace the expiring 49 CFR UN1A2 Specification Fissile Package. The Specification Package was mostly a single-use waste disposal container. The design requirements and authorized radioactive material contents of the UN1A2 Specification Package were defined in 49 CFR. A UN1A2 Specification Package was authorized to ship up to 350 grams of U-235 in any enrichment and in any non-pyrophoric form. The design was specified as a 55-gallon 1A2 drum overpack with a body constructed from 18 gauge steel with a 16 gauge drum lid. Drum closure was specified as a standard 12-gauge ring closure. The inner product container size was not specified but was listed as any container that met Specification 7A requirements per 49 CFR 178.350. Specification 7A containers were required to withstand Type A packaging tests required by 49CFR173.465 with compliance demonstrated through testing, analysis or similarity to other containers. The maximum weight of the 7A product container, the radioactive content, and any internal packaging was limited to 200 lbs. The total gross weight for the UN1A2 Specification Package was limited to 350 lbs. No additional restrictions were applied. Authorization for use did not require the UN1A2 Specification Package to be tested to the Normal Conditions of Transport (NCT) and Hypothetical Accident Conditions (HAC) required for performance based, Type A(F) packages certified by the NRC or DOE. The Type A(F) Packaging design discussed in this paper is required to be in compliance with the regulatory safety requirements defined in Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 10 CFR 71.41 through 71.47 and 10 CFR71.71. Sub-criticality of content must be maintained under the Hypothetical Accident Conditions specified under 10 CFR71.73. These federal regulations, and other applicable DOE Orders and Guides, govern design requirements for a Type A(F) package. Type A(F) packages with less than an A2 quantity of radioactive material are not required to have a leak testable boundary. With this exception a Type A(F) package design is subject to the same test requirements set forth for the design of a performance based Type B packaging.

Blanton, P.; Eberl, K.

2008-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

172

Type error slicing in implicitly typed higher-order languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous methods have generally identified the location of a type error as a particular program point or the program subtree rooted at that point. We present a new approach that identifies the location of a type error as a set of program points (a slice) ...

Christian Haack; J. B. Wells

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Infrastructure Failure - Types and Frequency  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Infrastructure Failure - Types and Frequency. Small events that have no impact on supplies Events that require supply/demand responses Events that result in a ...

174

National Type Evaluation Technical Committee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... checked on an in-motion railway track scale ... Type of Test: (no change) Rail Scale Testing ... or digital), hydraulic, vibrating wire, piezoelectric, or other. ...

2011-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

175

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Lighting Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Lighting Types Lighting Types The following are the most widely used types of lighting equipment used in commercial buildings. Characteristics such as energy efficiency, light quality, and lifetime vary by lamp type. Standard Fluorescent A fluorescent lamp consists of a sealed gas-filled tube. The gas in the tube consists of a mixture of low pressure mercury vapor and an inert gas such as argon. The inner surface of the tube has a coating of phosphor powder. When an electrical current is applied to electrodes in the tube, the mercury vapor emits ultraviolet radiation which then causes the phosphor coating to emit visible light (the process is termed fluorescence). A ballast is required to regulate and control the current and voltage. Two types of ballasts are used, magnetic and electronic. Electronic ballasts

176

A type system for CHR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a generic type system for the Constraint Handling Rules (CHR), a rewriting rule language for implementing constraint solvers. CHR being a high-level extension of a host language, such as Prolog or Java, this type system is parameterized ...

Emmanuel Coquery; Franois Fages

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Partial Type Inference with Higher-Order Types.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The language MLF is an extension of System-F that permits robust first-order partial type inference with second-order polymorphism. We propose an extension of MLF's graphical (more)

HERMS, PAOLO

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

P-type gallium nitride  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Several methods have been found to make p-type gallium nitride. P-type gallium nitride has long been sought for electronic devices. N-type gallium nitride is readily available. Discovery of p-type gallium nitride and the methods for making it will enable its use in ultraviolet and blue light-emitting diodes and lasers. pGaN will further enable blue photocathode elements to be made. Molecular beam epitaxy on substrates held at the proper temperatures, assisted by a nitrogen beam of the proper energy produced several types of p-type GaN with hole concentrations of about 5{times}10{sup 11} /cm{sup 3} and hole mobilities of about 500 cm{sup 2} /V-sec, measured at 250 K. P-type GaN can be formed of unintentionally-doped material or can be doped with magnesium by diffusion, ion implantation, or co-evaporation. When applicable, the nitrogen can be substituted with other group III elements such as Al. 9 figs.

Rubin, M.; Newman, N.; Fu, T.; Ross, J.; Chan, J.

1997-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

179

P-type gallium nitride  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Several methods have been found to make p-type gallium nitride. P-type gallium nitride has long been sought for electronic devices. N-type gallium nitride is readily available. Discovery of p-type gallium nitride and the methods for making it will enable its use in ultraviolet and blue light-emitting diodes and lasers. pGaN will further enable blue photocathode elements to be made. Molecular beam epitaxy on substrates held at the proper temperatures, assisted by a nitrogen beam of the proper energy produced several types of p-type GaN with hole concentrations of about 5.times.10.sup.11 /cm.sup.3 and hole mobilities of about 500 cm.sup.2 /V-sec, measured at 250.degree. K. P-type GaN can be formed of unintentionally-doped material or can be doped with magnesium by diffusion, ion implantation, or co-evaporation. When applicable, the nitrogen can be substituted with other group III elements such as Al.

Rubin, Michael (Berkeley, CA); Newman, Nathan (Montara, CA); Fu, Tracy (Berkeley, CA); Ross, Jennifer (Pleasanton, CA); Chan, James (Berkeley, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Gradual typing with unification-based inference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Static and dynamic type systems have well-known strengths and weaknesses. Gradual typing provides the benefits of both in a single language by giving the programmer control over which portions of the program are statically checked based on the ... Keywords: dynamic typing, gradual typing, simply typed lambda calculus, static typing, type inference, unification

Jeremy G. Siek; Manish Vachharajani

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Type Ia Supernovae Project at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Type Ia Supernovae Type Ia Supernovae Supernova-1.jpg Update: Recent Berkeley Lab Computing Sciences News about supernovae: read more... Key Challenges: Understanding Type Ia...

182

Property:InfographicType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Property Name InfographicType Property Type String Description The type of document as a string. This property is used by References and...

183

Typed MSR: Syntax and Examples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many design flaws and incorrect analyses of cryptographic protocols can be traced to inadequate specification languages for message components, environment assumptions, and goals. In this paper, we present MSR, a strongly typed specification language ...

Iliano Cervesato

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Adding dynamic types to C  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developers using statically typed languages such as C? and Java are increasingly having to interoperate with APIs and object models defined in dynamic languages. This impedance mismatch results in code that is difficult to understand, awkward to ...

Gavin Bierman; Erik Meijer; Mads Torgersen

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Forecast of California car and truck fuel demand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this work is to forecast likely future car and truck fuel demand in California in light of recent and possible additional improvements in vehicle efficiency. Forecasts of gasoline and diesel fuel demand are made based on projections of primary economic, demographic, and transportation technology variables. Projections of car and light truck stock and new sales are based on regression equations developed from historical data. Feasible future vehicle fuel economies are determined from technical improvements possible with existing technology. Several different cases of market-induced efficiency improvement are presented. Anticipated fuel economy improvements induced by federal mileage standards and rising fuel costs will cause lower future fuel demand, even though vehicle miles traveled will continue to increase both on a per capita and total basis. If only relatively low-cost fuel economy improvements are adopted after about 1985, when federal standards require no further improvements, fuel demand will decrease from the 1982 level of 11.7 billion gallons (gasoline equivalent) to 10.6 billion gallons in 2002, about a 9% reduction. Higher fuel economy levels, based on further refinements in existing technology, can produce an additional 7% reduction in fuel demand by 2002.

Stamets, L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Superspace Type II 4D Supergravity from Type II Superstring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the equations of motion of type II 4D supergravity in superspace. This is achieved by coupling the Type II Berkovits' hybrid superstring to an N=2 curved background and requiring that the sigma-model has N=(2,2) superconformal invariance at one loop. We show that there are no anomalies in the fermionic OPE's and the complete set of compensator's equations is derived from the energy-momentum tensor. The equations of motion describe a hypertensorial and vectorial multiplet coupled to a U(1)\\times U(1) N=2 Poincar\\`e Supergravity.

Daniel L. Nedel

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

187

Generativity and dynamic opacity for abstract types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The standard formalism for explaining abstract types is existential quantification. While it provides a sufficient model for type abstraction in entirely statically typed languages, it proves to be too weak for languages enriched with forms of dynamic ... Keywords: abstract types, dynamic typing, encapsulation, existential types, generativity, opacity

Andreas Rossberg

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Types of Reuse | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Property » Property Reuse » Types of Reuse Services » Property » Property Reuse » Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse The following provides greater detail regarding the types of reuse pursued for LM sites. It should be noted that many actual reuses combine several types of the uses listed below. Agriculture Many of the LM lands in the west are surrounded by open rangeland administered by the Bureau of Land Management or large ranches that are primarily used for grazing. LM promotes agricultural uses of lands that are surrounded by existing agricultural operations. Agricultural uses, such as cultivation of crops, could be combined with habitat improvements or

189

Description of CBECS Building Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Description of Building Types Description of Building Types Description of CBECS Building Types In the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), buildings are classified according to principal activity, which is the primary business, commerce, or function carried on within each building. Buildings used for more than one of the activities described below are assigned to the activity occupying the most floorspace at the time of the interview. Thus, a building assigned to a particular principal activity category may be used for other activities in a portion of its space or at some time during the year. In the 1999 CBECS, respondents were asked to place their building into a sub-category that was a more specific activity than has been collected in prior surveys. This was done to ensure the quality of the data; after data collection, the subcategories were combined into these more general building categories, which are consistent with prior CBECS surveys.

190

Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maintenance Types Maintenance Types to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance Federal Requirements Program Management Commissioning Metering Computerized Maintenance Management Systems Maintenance Types Reactive Preventive Predictive Reliability-Centered Major Equipment Types Resources Contacts

191

Hadamard type operations for qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain the most general ensemble of qubits, for which it is possible to design a universal Hadamard gate. These states when geometrically represented on the Bloch sphere, give a new trajectory. We further consider some Hadamard `type' of operations and find ensembles of states for which such transformations hold. Unequal superposition of a qubit and its orthogonal complement is also investigated.

Arpita Maitra; Preeti Parashar

2005-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

192

Description of CBECS Building Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) > Description of Building Types Description of CBECS Building Types In the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), buildings are classified according to principal activity, which is the primary business, commerce, or function carried on within each building. Buildings used for more than one of the activities described below are assigned to the activity occupying the most floorspace at the time of the interview. Thus, a building assigned to a particular principal activity category may be used for other activities in a portion of its space or at some time during the year. In the 1999 and 2003 CBECS, respondents were asked to place their building into a sub-category that was a more specific activity than has been collected in prior surveys. This was done to ensure the quality of the data; after data collection, the subcategories were combined into these more general building categories, which are consistent with prior CBECS surveys.

193

Type I vs type II spiral ganglion neurons exhibit differential survival and neuritogenesis during cochlear development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GD: Membrane properties of type II spiral ganglion neuronesJP, Ryan AF, Housley GD: Type III intermediate filamentinhibits neuritogenesis in type II spiral ganglion neurons

Barclay, Meagan; Ryan, Allen F; Housley, Gary D

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

JOM: Author Tools - Types of Papers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HOME > Author Tools > Types of Papers. Types of Papers ... Explores materials usage and development throughout history. These articles must contain new...

195

Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Commissioning  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Commissioning to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Commissioning on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Types of...

196

Type IIB Orientifolds, F-theory, Type I Strings on Orbifolds and Type I - Heterotic Duality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider six and four dimensional ${\\cal N}=1$ supersymmetric orientifolds of Type IIB compactified on orbifolds. We give the conditions under which the perturbative world-sheet orientifold approach is adequate, and list the four dimensional ${\\cal N}=1$ orientifolds (which are rather constrained) that satisfy these conditions. We argue that in most cases orientifolds contain non-perturbative sectors that are missing in the world-sheet approach. These non-perturbative sectors can be thought of as arising from D-branes wrapping various collapsed 2-cycles in the orbifold. Using these observations, we explain certain ``puzzles'' in the literature on four dimensional orientifolds. In particular, in some four dimensional orientifolds the ``naive'' tadpole cancellation conditions have no solution. However, these tadpole cancellation conditions are derived using the world-sheet approach which we argue to be inadequate in these cases due to appearance of additional non-perturbative sectors. The main tools in our analyses are the map between F-theory and orientifold vacua and Type I-heterotic duality. Utilizing the consistency conditions we have found in this paper, we discuss consistent four dimensional chiral ${\\cal N}=1$ Type I vacua which are non-perturbative from the heterotic viewpoint.

Zurab Kakushadze; Gary Shiu; S. -H. Henry Tye

1998-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

197

Wheel-type magnetic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to a wheel-type magnetic refrigerator capable of cooling over a large temperature range. Ferromagnetic or paramagnetic porous materials are layered circumferentially according to their Curie temperature. The innermost layer has the lowest Curie temperature and the outermost layer has the highest Curie temperature. The wheel is rotated through a magnetic field perpendicular to the axis of the wheel and parallel to its direction of rotation. A fluid is pumped through portions of the layers using inner and outer manifolds to achieve refrigeration of a thermal load.

Barclay, J.A.

1982-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

198

Wheel-type magnetic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to a wheel-type magnetic refrigerator capable of cooling over a large temperature range. Ferromagnetic or paramagnetic porous materials are layered circumferentially according to their Curie temperature. The innermost layer has the lowest Curie temperature and the outermost layer has the highest Curie temperature. The wheel is rotated through a magnetic field perpendicular to the axis of the wheel and parallel to its direction of rotation. A fluid is pumped through portions of the layers using inner and outer manifolds to achieve refrigeration of a thermal load.

Barclay, John A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Wheel-type magnetic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to a wheel-type magnetic refrigerator capable of cooling over a large temperature range. Ferromagnetic or paramagnetic porous materials are layered circumferentially according to their Curie temperature. The innermost layer has the lowest Curie temperature and the outermost layer has the highest Curie temperature. The wheel is rotated through a magnetic field perpendicular to the axis of the wheel and parallel to its direction of rotation. A fluid is pumped through portions of the layers using inner and outer manifolds to achieve refrigeration of a thermal load. 7 figs.

Barclay, J.A.

1983-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

200

Improving MPI communication via data type fission  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Message Passing Interface (MPI) messages are centered around transmitting instances of MPI data types. The data types represented in MPI terms are usually modeled after data types native to the application. If a user does not want to transmit a field ... Keywords: MPI, communication, data type fission, static transformation

Ben Perry; Martin Swany

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Explaining ML type errors by data flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel approach to explaining ML type errors: Since the type system inhibits data flows that would abort the program at run-time, our type checker identifies as explanations those data flows that violate the typing rules. It also detects ...

Holger Gast

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Property:ProjectType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ProjectType ProjectType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ProjectType Property Type Page Description A descriptive type for a project. This property uses pages as for its values, each of which should describe the type in detail. Pages using the property "ProjectType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Akutan Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Alligator Geothermal Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Alum Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Aurora Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + B Bald Mountain Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Baltazor Springs Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Barren Hills Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Black Rock I Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System +

203

Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Control Lighting Control Types to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories Product Designation Process Low Standby Power Energy & Cost Savings Calculators Model Acquisitions Language Working Group Resources Technology Deployment Renewable Energy

204

Toeplitz CAR flows and type I factorizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Toeplitz CAR flows are a class of E_0-semigroups including the first type III example constructed by R. T. Powers. We show that the Toeplitz CAR flows contain uncountably many mutually non cocycle conjugate E_0-semigroups of type III. We also generalize the type III criterion for Toeplitz CAR flows employed by Powers (and later refined by W. Arveson), and show that Toeplitz CAR flows are always either of type I or type III.

Izumi, Masaki

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Hydrogen in Type Ic Supernovae?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By definition, a Type Ic supernova (SN Ic) does not have conspicuous lines of hydrogen or helium in its optical spectrum. SNe Ic usually are modelled in terms of the gravitational collapse of bare carbon-oxygen cores. We consider the possibility that the spectra of ordinary (SN 1994I-like) SNe Ic have been misinterpreted, and that SNe Ic eject hydrogen. An absorption feature usually attributed to a blend of Si II 6355 and C II 6580 may be produced by H-alpha. If SN 1994I-like SNe Ic eject hydrogen, the possibility that hypernova (SN 1998bw-like) SNe Ic, some of which are associated with gamma-ray bursts, also eject hydrogen should be considered. The implications of hydrogen for SN Ic progenitors and explosion models are briefly discussed.

David Branch; David J. Jeffery; Timothy R. Young; E. Baron

2006-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

206

Type C: Caldera Resource | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C: Caldera Resource C: Caldera Resource Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Type C: Caldera Resource Dictionary.png Type C: Caldera Resource: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Brophy Occurrence Models This classification scheme was developed by Brophy, as reported in Updating the Classification of Geothermal Resources. Type A: Magma-heated, Dry Steam Resource Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Type C: Caldera Resource Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource Caldera resources may be found in many tectonic settings but are defined by their caldera structures which control the flow of the fluids in the system.

207

What is the fastest type of energy?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

What is the fastest type of energy? Since almost all forms of radiation move at the speed of light, we can determine that there are SEVERAL types of energies that are equally fast....

208

Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Li-Ion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

267 V Rated Capacity (C3): 80 Ah Cooling Method: Glycol Water mix heat exchanger Powertrain Motor Type: 3 Phase Permanent Magnet Number of Motors: One Motor Cooling Type: Oil to...

209

Fuel Ethanol Total Stocks Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 View History; U ...

210

Crystal of GTP Cyclohydrolase Type IB  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This invention relates to a novel, bacterial GTP Cyclohydrolase Type IB enzyme, and the crystal structure thereof.

Swairjo, Manal A.; Iwata-Reuyl, Dirk; de Crecy-Lagard, Valerie

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

211

Lighting Type at Home and at Work  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Information on what types of lights are used at home and at work (data from 1995 CBECS and 1993 RECS).

Information Center

1998-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

212

Search by Fuel or Vehicle Type  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicle Type Select Year... 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000...

213

Filter type rotor for multistation photometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A filter type rotor for a multistation photometer is provided. The rotor design combines the principle of cross-flow filtration with centrifugal sedimentation so that these occur simultaneously as a first stage of processing for suspension type fluids in an analytical type instrument. The rotor is particularly useful in whole-blood analysis.

Shumate, II, Starling E. (Knoxville, TN)

1977-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

214

Faking it Simulating dependent types in Haskell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dependent types reflect the fact that validity of data is often a relative notion by allowing prior data to affect the types of subsequent data. Not only does this make for a precise type system, but also a highly generic one: both ...

Conor McBride

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Types of Commissioning | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Types of Commissioning Types of Commissioning Types of Commissioning October 7, 2013 - 9:17am Addthis Several commissioning types exist to address the specific needs of equipment and systems across both new and existing buildings. The following commissioning types provide a good overview. New Building Commissioning New building commissioning happens during the design and construction of new facilities. The process ensures that systems and equipment in new buildings operate properly. This is done through design reviews, functional testing, system documentation, and operator training. Federal agencies should consider new building commissioning when building new facilities or undergoing major facility renovations. The process is best implemented through all phases of construction.

216

Property:Water Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Water Type Property Type String Pages using the property "Water Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1.5-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 10-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 11-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 2 2-ft Flume Facility + Freshwater + 3 3-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 5 5-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 6 6-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + A Alden Large Flume + Freshwater + Alden Small Flume + Freshwater + Alden Tow Tank + Freshwater + Alden Wave Basin + Freshwater + B Breakwater Research Facility + Freshwater + Bucknell Hydraulic Flume + Freshwater + C Carderock 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + Freshwater +

217

Property:Incentive/Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Incentive/Type Property Type Page Description Incentive Type. Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: I Filter:Incentives By Type Pages using the property "Incentive/Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2003 Climate Change Fuel Cell Buy-Down Program (Federal) + Federal Grant Program + 3 30% Business Tax Credit for Solar (Vermont) + Corporate Tax Credit + 4 401 Certification (Vermont) + Environmental Regulations + A AEP (Central and North) - CitySmart Program (Texas) + Utility Rebate Program + AEP (Central and North) - Residential Energy Efficiency Programs (Texas) + Utility Rebate Program + AEP (Central and SWEPCO) - Coolsaver A/C Tune Up (Texas) + Utility Rebate Program +

218

Property:Document type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Document type Document type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Document type Property Type String Description The type of document as a string. This property is used by a variety of concepts including Reference Materials and may contain document types appropriate for multiple concepts. Allows Values Book;Book Review;Book Section;Conference Paper;Conference Proceedings;General;Info Graphic/Map/Chart;Journal Article;Legal;Memorandum;Periodical;Personal Communication;Poster;Report;Thesis/Dissertation;Web Site Pages using the property "Document type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- Resistivity Distribution To About 3000 M Depth + Journal Article + 2.8-Ma Ash-Flow Caldera At Chegem River In The Northern Caucasus Mountains (Russia), Contemporaneous Granites, And Associated Ore Deposits + Journal Article +

219

Property Types, Definitions, and Use Detail  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Types, Definitions, and Use Details Types, Definitions, and Use Details The property types listed on pages 1 through 7 are eligible to receive the 1-100 ENERGY STAR score. The Use Details marked with an asterisk are required in order to receive a score. Portfolio Manager now contains more than 80 property types to choose from when setting up your property, in order to best identify the primary use of your property. Although the building types for which the 1-100 ENERGY STAR score is currently available will not change, the expanded list of property types that can be selected will offer users more specific and accurate categorization for comparison. See below for the full list of property types available in Portfolio Manager, along with their definitions and the property use details that you will need to enter.

220

n-Linear Algebra of type II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This book is a continuation of the book n-linear algebra of type I and its applications. Most of the properties that could not be derived or defined for n-linear algebra of type I is made possible in this new structure: n-linear algebra of type II which is introduced in this book. In case of n-linear algebra of type II we are in a position to define linear functionals which is one of the marked difference between the n-vector spaces of type I and II. However all the applications mentioned in n-linear algebras of type I can be appropriately extended to n-linear algebras of type II. Another use of n-linear algebra (n-vector spaces) of type II is that when this structure is used in coding theory we can have different types of codes built over different finite fields whereas this is not possible in the case of n-vector spaces of type I. Finally in the case of n-vector spaces of type II, we can obtain n-eigen values from distinct fields; hence, the n-characteristic polynomials formed in them are in distinct different fields. An attractive feature of this book is that the authors have suggested 120 problems for the reader to pursue in order to understand this new notion. This book has three chapters. In the first chapter the notion of n-vector spaces of type II are introduced. This chapter gives over 50 theorems. Chapter two introduces the notion of n-inner product vector spaces of type II, n-bilinear forms and n-linear functionals. The final chapter suggests over a hundred problems. It is important that the reader is well-versed not only with linear algebra but also n-linear algebra of type I.

W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Scenarios for a Clean Energy Future Barrel (petroleum): A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Gas-Turbine Electric Power Plant: A plant in which the prime mover is a gas turbine. A gas turbine if concentrations are excessive. Nuclear Electric Power: Electricity generated by an electric power plant whose hydroelectric power, wood, waste, geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, and solar thermal energy. Standard Industrial

222

Computer simulation of mobilization and mixing of kaolin with submerged liquid jets in 25,000-gallon horizontal cylindrical tanks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents and analyzes results of computer model simulation of mobilization and mixing of kaolin using the TEMPEST code. The simulations are conducted in a horizontal cylindrical geometry replicating a 95 m{sup 3} (25,000 gal) test tank at ORNL, which is scaled to approximate Melton Valley Storage tanks, which are 190 m{sup 3} (50,000 gal). Mobilization and mixing is accomplished by two submerged liquid jets. Two configurations are simulated, one with the jets located at the center of the tank lengthwise and one with the jets located 1/4 tank length from one end. Computer simulations of both jet and suction configurations are performed. Total flow rates of 50, 100, and 200 gpm are modeled, corresponding to jet velocities of 1.52, 3.05, 6.10 m/s (5, 10, 20 ft/s). Calculations were performed to a time of 2 h for the center jet location and to a little over 1 h for the quarter jet location. This report presents computer and fluid properties model basis, preliminary numerical testing, and results. The results are presented in form of flow field and sludge layer contours. Degree of mobilization is presented as fraction of initial sludge layer remaining as a function of time. For the center jet location at 200 gpm, the sludge layer is completely mobilized in just over 1 h. For 100 gpm flow, about 5% of the sludge layer remains after 2 h. For 50 gpm flow, nearly 40% of the initial sludge layer remains after 2 h. For the quarter jets at 200 gpm, about 10% of the initial sludge layer remains after 1 h. For 100 gpm, about 40% of the sludge layer remains after 1 h. The boundary of the sludge layer is defined as 98% max packing for the particles. Mixing time estimates for these cases range from between 9.4 h and 16.2 h. A more critical evaluation and comparison of predictions and the test results is needed.

Eyler, L.L.; Mahoney, L.A.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

LLNL demonstration of liquid gun propellant destruction in a 0.1 gallon per minute scale reactor  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has built and operated a pilot plant for processing oil shale using recirculating hot solids. This pilot plant, was adapted in 1993 to demonstrate the feasibility of decomposing a liquid gun propellant (LGP), LP XM46, a mixture of 76% HAN (NH{sub 3}OHNO{sub 3}) and 24% TEAN (HOCH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}){sub 3} NHNO{sub 3} diluted 1:3 in water. In the Livermore process, the LPG is thermally treated in a moving packed bed of ceramic spheres, where TEAN and HAN decompose, forming a suite of gases including: methane, carbon monoxide, oxygen, nitrogen oxides, ammonia and molecular nitrogen. The ceramic spheres are circulated and heated, providing the energy required for thermal decomposition. The authors performed an extended one day (8 hour) test of the solids recirculation system, with continuous injection of approximately 0.1 gal/min of LGP, diluted 1:3 in water, for a period of eight hours. The apparatus operated smoothly over the course of the eight hour run during which 144 kg of solution was processed, containing 36 kg of LGP. Continuous on-line gas analysis was invaluable in tracking the progress of the experiment and quantifying the decomposition products. The reactor was operated in two modes, a {open_quotes}Pyrolysis{close_quotes} mode, where decomposition products were removed from the moving bed reactor exit, passing through condensers to a flare, and in a {open_quotes}Combustion{close_quotes} mode, where the products were oxidized in air lift pipe prior to exiting the system. In the {open_quotes}Pyrolysis{close_quotes} mode, driver gases were recycled producing a small, concentrated stream of decomposition products. In the {open_quotes}Combustion mode{close_quotes}, the driver gases were not recycled, resulting in 40 times higher gas flow rates and correspondingly lower concentrations of nitrogen bearing gases.

Cena, R.J.; Thorsness, C.B.; Coburn, T.T.; Watkins, B.E.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Table 39. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

225

X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users...

226

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Reformulated All Formulations Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End...

227

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users...

228

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month All Formulations Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets...

229

X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users...

230

Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon...

231

Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

200 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon...

232

Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

200 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon...

233

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

250 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

234

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

7 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

235

Montana Premium Gasoline Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Sales to End Users, Average: 2.518: 2.929: 2.085: ...

236

Maryland DTW Prices for Motor Gasoline - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Gasoline, Average: 2.259: 2.688: 1.820: 2.261 - ...

237

Delaware Rack Prices for Motor Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Gasoline, Average: 2.144: 2.529: 1.724: 2.165 - ...

238

U.S. Motor Gasoline Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Area: ... History; Sales to End Users, Average-----1983-2013:

239

Michigan Rack Prices for Motor Gasoline - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Gasoline, Average: 2.191: 2.555: 1.758: 2.140 - ...

240

South Carolina Rack Prices for Motor Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Gasoline, Average: 2.136: 2.576: 1.732: 2.127 - ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Word Pro - S9.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of Petroleum Products to End Users (Dollars a per Gallon, Excluding Taxes) Finished Motor Gasoline b Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene- Type Jet Fuel Kerosene No. 2 Fuel...

242

Word Pro - S9.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale (Dollars a per Gallon, Excluding Taxes) Finished Motor Gasoline b Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene- Type Jet Fuel Kerosene No. 2 Fuel...

243

Heating Fuel Comparision Calculator - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

HEAT CONTENT PRICES INSTRUCTIONS CALCULATOR Fuel Heat Content Per Unit (Btu) Fuel Type Electricity Propane Kerosene Gallon Cord Ton AFUE Natural Gas COP Geothermal ...

244

Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

245

Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

246

Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

247

Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2001 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

248

Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

249

Refiner Prices of Gasoline, All Grades - Sales to End Users  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

(Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Sales ... Values shown for kerosene-type jet fuel for the current month at the U.S. and PADD levels are initial ...

250

Property:TypeOf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TypeOf TypeOf Jump to: navigation, search Property Name TypeOf Property Type Page Description Similar to Property:PartOf, this property identifies pages that represent a less specific concept or idea than the subject page. For example, CSP is a TypeOf Solar Power Generation. Pages using the property "TypeOf" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe Survey + Data Collection and Mapping + A Acoustic Logs + Well Log Techniques + Active Seismic Techniques + Seismic Techniques + Active Sensors + Remote Sensing Techniques + Aerial Photography + Passive Sensors + Aeromagnetic Survey + Magnetic Techniques + Airborne Electromagnetic Survey + Electromagnetic Techniques + Airborne Gravity Survey + Gravity Techniques + Analytical Modeling + Modeling Techniques +

251

Property:Geothermal/Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Type Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pages using the property "Geothermal/Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4 UR Guest Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Pool and Spa + A Ace Development Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Aquaculture + Agua Calientes Trailer Park Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Space Heating + Alive Polarity's Murrietta Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Pool and Spa + Americulture Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Aquaculture + Aq Dryers Agricultural Drying Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Agricultural Drying + Aqua Caliente County Park Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Pool and Spa +

252

Candidate Biomarkers for Type 2 Diabetes - Available ...  

The current gold standard for diagnosing pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes is the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), which is used to determine ...

253

Appendix E National Type Evaluation Technical Committee ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... type evaluation criteria relating to the taking of tare ... scales) may semi automatically (pushbutton) take tare values ... automatic tare may be taken to ...

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

254

Decameter Type III-Like Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starting from 1960s Type III-like bursts (Type III bursts with high drift rates) in a wide frequency range from 300 to 950MHz have been observed. These new bursts observed at certain frequency being compared to the usual Type III bursts at the same frequency show similar behaviour but feature frequency drift 2-6 times higher than the normal bursts. In this paper we report the first observations of Type III-like bursts in decameter range, carried out during summer campaigns 2002 - 2004 at UTR-2 radio telescope. The circular polarization of the bursts was measured by the radio telescope URAN-2 in 2004. The observed bursts are analyzed and compared with usual Type III bursts in the decameter range. From the analysis of over 1100 Type III-like bursts, their main parameters have been found. Characteristic feature of the observed bursts is similar to Type III-like bursts at other frequencies, i.e. measured drift rates (5-10 MHz/s) of this bursts are few times larger than that for usual Type III bursts, and their durations (1-2 s) are few times smaller than that for usual Type III bursts in this frequency band.

V. N. Melnik; A. A. Konovalenko; B. P. Rutkevych; H. O. Rucker; V. V. Dorovskyy; E. P. Abranin; A. Lecacheux; A. I. Brazhenko; A. A. Stanislavskyy

2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

255

Massive Type II in Double Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide an extension of the recently constructed double field theory formulation of the low-energy limits of type II strings, in which the RR fields can depend simultaneously on the 10-dimensional space-time coordinates and linearly on the dual winding coordinates. For the special case that only the RR one-form of type IIA carries such a dependence, we obtain the massive deformation of type IIA supergravity due to Romans. For T-dual configurations we obtain a `massive' but non-covariant formulation of type IIB, in which the 10-dimensional diffeomorphism symmetry is deformed by the mass parameter.

Olaf Hohm; Seung Ki Kwak

2011-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

256

Turbulent Combustion in Type Ia Supernova Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the astrophysical modeling of type Ia supernova explosions and describe numerical methods to implement numerical simulations of these events. Some results of such simulations are discussed.

F. K. Roepke; W. Hillebrandt

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Control Types Characteristics of the most common lighting controls for offices and other public buildings are outlined below. Typical Lighting Control Applications...

258

Review Forensic DNA typing by capillary electrophoresis ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... for prime time in a forensic laboratory setting ... and typing methodologies, many forensic laboratories will likely ... http://www.fbi.gov/hq/lab/fsc/backissu ...

2004-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

259

Types of Lighting | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

selection. Types of lighting include: Fluorescent Incandescent Outdoor solar Light-emitting diode (LED) Also learn how energy-efficient lightbulbs compare to traditional...

260

Identify your property type | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

property type Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

GHZ-type and W-type entangled coherent states: generation and Bell-type inequality tests without photon counting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study GHZ-type and W-type three-mode entangled coherent states. Both the types of entangled coherent states violate Mermin's version of the Bell inequality with threshold photon detection (i.e., without photon counting). Such an experiment can be performed using linear optics elements and threshold detectors with significant Bell violations for GHZ-type entangled coherent states. However, to demonstrate Bell-type inequality violations for W-type entangled coherent states, additional nonlinear interactions are needed. We also propose an optical scheme to generate W-type entangled coherent states in free-traveling optical fields. The required resources for the generation are a single-photon source, a coherent state source, beam splitters, phase shifters, photodetectors, and Kerr nonlinearities. Our scheme does not necessarily require strong Kerr nonlinear interactions, i.e., weak nonlinearities can be used for the generation of the W-type entangled coherent states. Furthermore, it is also robust against inefficiencies of the single-photon source and the photon detectors.

Hyunseok Jeong; Nguyen Ba An

2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

262

Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

263

Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

264

Static typing for a faulty lambda calculus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A transient hardware fault occurs when an energetic particle strikes a transistor, causing it to change state. These faults do not cause permanent damage, but may result in incorrect program execution by altering signal transfers or stored values. ... Keywords: fault tolerance, lambda calculus, reliable computing, soft faults, transient hardware faults, type systems, typed intermediate languages

David Walker; Lester Mackey; Jay Ligatti; George A. Reis; David I. August

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

A type system for recursive modules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been much work in recent years on extending ML with recursive modules. One of the most difficult problems in the development of such an extension is the double vision problem, which concerns the interaction of recursion and data abstraction. ... Keywords: abstract data types, modules, recursion, type systems

Derek Dreyer

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Information-flow types for homomorphic encryptions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop a flexible information-flow type system for a range of encryption primitives, precisely reflecting their diverse functional and security features. Our rules enable encryption, blinding, homomorphic computation, and decryption, with selective ... Keywords: confidentiality, cryptography, integrity, non-interference, secure information flow, type systems

Cdric Fournet; Jrmy Planul; Tamara Rezk

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

The type discipline of behavioral separation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce the concept of behavioral separation as a general principle for disciplining interference in higher-order imperative concurrent programs, and present a type-based approach that systematically develops the concept in the context of an ML-like ... Keywords: behavioral types, concurrency, higher order programming, interference, separation

Lus Caires; Joo C. Seco

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Office Buildings - Types of Office Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PDF Office Buildings PDF Office Buildings Types of Office Buildings | Energy Consumption | End-Use Equipment Although no one building type dominates the commercial buildings sector, office buildings are the most common and account for more than 800,000 buildings or 17 percent of total commercial buildings. Offices comprised more than 12 billion square feet of floorspace, 17 percent of total commercial floorspace, the most of any building type. Types of Office Buildings The 2003 CBECS Detailed Tables present data for office buildings along with other principal building activities (see Detailed Tables B13 and B14, for example). Since office buildings comprise a wide range of office-related activities, survey respondents were presented with a follow-up list of specific office types to choose from. Although we have not presented the

269

CBECS Building Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CBECS Building Types CBECS Building Types Jump to: navigation, search The list below contains the Building Type classifications, also known as Principal Building Activity, established by the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) performed by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)[1]. Education Food Sales Food Service Health Care (Inpatient) Health Care (Outpatient) Lodging Mercantile (Enclosed and Strip Malls) Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) Office Other Public Assembly Public Order and Safety Religious Worship Service Vacant Warehouse and Storage References ↑ EIA CBECS Building Types U.S. Energy Information Administration (Oct 2008) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=CBECS_Building_Types&oldid=270205" What links here Related changes

270

Property:DIA/Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DIA/Type DIA/Type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name DIA/Types Property Type String Description Development Impacts Assessment Toolkit property to help filter pages Used in Form/Template Tool Allows Values Case Studies;Online Tools;Reports;Spreadsheet;Software;Guidebook/Manual Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: E Energy Forecasting Framework and Emissions Consensus Tool (EFFECT) Pages using the property "DIA/Type" Showing 15 pages using this property. A Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles Pilot Program Emissions Benefit Tool + Online Tools + Applied Dynamic Analysis of the Global Economy (ADAGE) Model + Software + C COMMUTER Model + Spreadsheet + E E3MG + Software + Electricity Markets Analysis (EMA) Model + Software +

271

Property:CompanyType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CompanyType CompanyType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name CompanyType Property Type String Description Describes whether the company is for profit or non profit. Allows Values For Profit;For profit;Non Profit;Non profit Subproperties This property has the following 4 subproperties: A Able Energy Co. C Canary Investments Ltd. H Hyperion Green Energy India Pvt. Ltd. P PowerIt Renewable Energy Pvt Ltd Pages using the property "CompanyType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4C Offshore Limited + For Profit + A AEE Renewables + For Profit + ALDACOR INC + For Profit + Ads-tec GmbH + For Profit + Advanced Energy Solutions + For Profit + All Solar, Inc. + For Profit + B Buffalo Software + For Profit + C Community Energy Inc + For Profit +

272

Job Types | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Types | National Nuclear Security Administration Types | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Job Types Home > Federal Employment > Our Jobs > Job Types Job Types NNSA's workforce is comprised of a diverse and dynamic blend of individuals. We are a staff of top-performing program and technical experts with unbounded potential, a dedication to public service and a commitment

273

Types of Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Types of Lighting Types of Lighting Types of Lighting October 17, 2013 - 5:36pm Addthis When it comes to lighting options, you have a number of choices. | Photo courtesy of Clean Energy Resource Teams. When it comes to lighting options, you have a number of choices. | Photo courtesy of Clean Energy Resource Teams. You have several options to consider when selecting what type of lighting you should use in your home. When selecting energy-efficient lighting, it's a good idea to understand basic lighting terms and principles. Also, it helps to explore your lighting design options if you haven't already. This will help narrow your selection. Types of lighting include: Fluorescent

274

Techno-Economic Analysis of Biofuels Production Based on Gasification  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study compares capital and production costs of two biomass-to-liquid production plants based on gasification. The first biorefinery scenario is an oxygen-fed, low-temperature (870?C), non-slagging, fluidized bed gasifier. The second scenario is an oxygen-fed, high-temperature (1,300?C), slagging, entrained flow gasifier. Both are followed by catalytic Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and hydroprocessing to naphtha-range (gasoline blend stock) and distillate-range (diesel blend stock) liquid fractions. Process modeling software (Aspen Plus) is utilized to organize the mass and energy streams and cost estimation software is used to generate equipment costs. Economic analysis is performed to estimate the capital investment and operating costs. Results show that the total capital investment required for nth plant scenarios is $610 million and $500 million for high-temperature and low-temperature scenarios, respectively. Product value (PV) for the high-temperature and low-temperature scenarios is estimated to be $4.30 and $4.80 per gallon of gasoline equivalent (GGE), respectively, based on a feedstock cost of $75 per dry short ton. Sensitivity analysis is also performed on process and economic parameters. This analysis shows that total capital investment and feedstock cost are among the most influential parameters affecting the PV.

Swanson, R. M.; Platon, A.; Satrio, J. A.; Brown, R. C.; Hsu, D. D.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Techno-Economic Analysis of Biochemical Scenarios for Production of Cellulosic Ethanol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A techno-economic analysis on the production of cellulosic ethanol by fermentation was conducted to understand the viability of liquid biofuel production processes within the next 5-8 years. Initially, 35 technologies were reviewed, then a two-step down selection was performed to choose scenarios to be evaluated in a more detailed economic analysis. The lignocellulosic ethanol process was selected because it is well studied and portions of the process have been tested at pilot scales. Seven process variations were selected and examined in detail. Process designs were constrained to public data published in 2007 or earlier, without projecting for future process improvements. Economic analysis was performed for an 'nth plant' (mature technology) to obtain total investment and product value (PV). Sensitivity analysis was performed on PV to assess the impact of variations in process and economic parameters. Results show that the modeled dilute acid pretreatment process without any downstream process variation had the lowest PV of $3.40/gal of ethanol ($5.15/gallon of gasoline equivalent) in 2007 dollars. Sensitivity analysis shows that PV is most sensitive to feedstock and enzyme costs.

Kazi, F. K.; Fortman, J.; Anex, R.; Kothandaraman, G.; Hsu, D.; Aden, A.; Dutta, A.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Hydrogen-fueled polymer electrolyte fuel cell systems for transportation.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The performance of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) system that is fueled directly by hydrogen has been evaluated for transportation vehicles. The performance was simulated using a systems analysis code and a vehicle analysis code. The results indicate that, at the design point for a 50-kW PEFC system, the system efficiency is above 50%. The efficiency improves at partial load and approaches 60% at 40% load, as the fuel cell operating point moves to lower current densities on the voltage-current characteristic curve. At much lower loads, the system efficiency drops because of the deterioration in the performance of the compressor, expander, and, eventually, the fuel cell. The results also indicate that the PEFC system can start rapidly from ambient temperatures. Depending on the specific weight of the fuel cell (1.6 kg/kW in this case), the system takes up to 180s to reach its design operating conditions. The PEFC system has been evaluated for three mid-size vehicles: the 1995 Chrysler Sedan, the near-term Ford AIV (Aluminum Intensive Vehicle) Sable, and the future P2000 vehicle. The results show that the PEFC system can meet the demands of the Federal Urban Driving Schedule and the Highway driving cycles, for both warm and cold start-up conditions. The results also indicate that the P2000 vehicle can meet the fuel economy goal of 80 miles per gallon of gasoline (equivalent).

Ahluwalia, R.; Doss, E.D.; Kumar, R.

1998-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

277

Theoretical cosmic Type Ia supernova rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this work is the computation of the cosmic Type Ia supernova rates at very high redshifts (z>2). We adopt various progenitor models in order to predict the number of explosions in different scenarios for galaxy formation and to check whether it is possible to select the best delay time distribution model, on the basis of the available observations of Type Ia supernovae. We also computed the Type Ia supernova rate in typical elliptical galaxies of different initial luminous masses and the total amount of iron produced by Type Ia supernovae in each case. It emerges that: it is not easy to select the best delay time distribution scenario from the observational data and this is because the cosmic star formation rate dominates over the distribution function of the delay times; the monolithic collapse scenario predicts an increasing trend of the SN Ia rate at high redshifts whereas the predicted rate in the hierarchical scheme drops dramatically at high redshift; for the elliptical galaxies we note that the predicted maximum of the Type Ia supernova rate depends on the initial galactic mass. The maximum occurs earlier (at about 0.3 Gyr) in the most massive ellipticals, as a consequence of downsizing in star formation. We find that different delay time distributions predict different relations between the Type Ia supernova rate per unit mass at the present time and the color of the parent galaxies and that bluer ellipticals present higher supernova Type Ia rates at the present time.

R. Valiante; F. Matteucci; S. Recchi; F. Calura

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

278

Membrane-Associated Methane Monooygenase from Type X and Type I Methanotrophs  

SciTech Connect

Membrane-Associated Methane Monooxygenases from Type X and Type I Methanotrophs A.A. DiSirito and W.E. Antholine Project Number: DE-FG02-00ER15446 Final project report.

Antholine, William E.; DiSpirito, Alan A.

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

279

On Type II Strings in Two Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider type IIA/B strings in two-dimensions and their projection with respect to the nilpotent space-time supercharge. Based on the ground ring structure, we propose a duality between perturbed type II strings and the topological B-model on deformed Calabi-Yau singularities. Depending on the type II spectra, one has either the conifold or the suspended pinch point geometry. Using the corresponding quiver gauge theory, obtained by D-branes wrapping in the resolved suspended pinch point geometry, we propose the all orders perturbative partition function.

Harald Ita; Harald Nieder; Yaron Oz

2005-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

280

Bianchi Type IX M-Branes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present new M2 and M5 brane solutions in M-theory based on transverse self-dual Bianchi type IX space. All the other recently M2 and M5 branes constructed on transverse self-dual Taub-NUT, Egughi-Hanson and Atiyah-Hitchin spaces are special cases of this solution. The solution provides a smooth transition from Eguchi-Hanson type I based M branes to corresponding branes based on Eguchi-Hanson type II space. All the solutions can be reduced down to ten dimensional fully localized intersecting brane configurations.

A. M. Ghezelbash

2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Prospective Type Ia supernova surveys from Dome A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prospective Type Ia Supernova Surveys From Dome A A. Kim a ,are conducive toward Type Ia supernova surveys forheterogeneities within the Type Ia supernova class, reducing

Kim, A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Category:NEPA Environmental Analysis Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Environmental Analysis Types Jump to: navigation, search Category:NEPA Environmental Analysis Types Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the NEPA Environmental Analysis Types page? For...

283

Property:Available Personnel Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Personnel Types Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Available Personnel Types Property Type Text Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleProperty:AvailablePer...

284

Category:Financial Incentives Incentive Types | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Financial Incentives Incentive Types Jump to: navigation, search Financial Incentive Types. Pages in category "Financial Incentives Incentive Types" The following 14 pages are in...

285

Category:CBECS Building Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CBECS Building Types Jump to: navigation, search This category uses the form CBECS Building Type. Pages in category "CBECS Building Types" The following 16 pages are in this...

286

Property:FacilityType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FacilityType FacilityType Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "FacilityType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 3 3-D Metals + Small Scale Wind + A AB Tehachapi Wind Farm + Commercial Scale Wind + AFCEE MMR Turbines + Commercial Scale Wind + AG Land 1 + Community Wind + AG Land 2 + Community Wind + AG Land 3 + Community Wind + AG Land 4 + Community Wind + AG Land 5 + Community Wind + AG Land 6 + Community Wind + AV Solar Ranch I Solar Power Plant + Photovoltaics + AVTEC + Small Scale Wind + Acme Landfill Biomass Facility + Landfill Gas + Adair Wind Farm I + Commercial Scale Wind + Adair Wind Farm II + Commercial Scale Wind + Adams Wind Project + Commercial Scale Wind + Adrian Energy Associates LLC Biomass Facility + Landfill Gas +

287

Lighting Control Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Control Types Lighting Control Types Lighting Control Types October 7, 2013 - 11:27am Addthis Characteristics of the most common lighting controls for offices and other public buildings are outlined below. Also provided is a portable document format version of How to Select Lighting Controls for Offices and Public Buildings. Typical Lighting Control Applications Type of Control Private Office Open Office - Daylit Open Office - Interior Occupancy Sensors ++ ++ ++ Time Scheduling + ++ ++ Daylight Dimming ++ ++ 0 Bi-Level Switching ++ + + Demand Lighting + ++ ++ ++ = good savings potential + = some savings potential 0 = not applicable Back to Top Occupancy Sensors Occupancy sensors are the most common lighting control used in buildings today. Two technologies dominate: infrared and ultrasonic. Infrared sensors

288

Why Sequence Type I and II Methanotrophs?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Type I and II Methanotrophs? Type I and II Methanotrophs? Methanotrophic bacteria are absolutely vital for the global carbon cycle and to carbon sequestration, as they constitute the largest known biological methane sink. Methanotrophs are also central to the bioremediation and biofuel development goals of the DOE. To date, only two methanotrophic bacteria have undergone complete genome sequencing, and only one sequence is available to the public. Methanotrophs are distinguished from other microorganisms by their ability to utilize methane as a sole carbon and energy source, yet they are physiologically and phylogenetically diverse, affiliating with both Gammaproteobacteria (type I methanotrophs) and Alphaproteobacteria (type II methanotrophs). Methanotrophs are ubiquitous and play a major role in the

289

Property:Technology Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Type Technology Type Property Type Text Pages using the property "Technology Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) M MHK Technologies/14 MW OTECPOWER + OTEC - Closed Cycle MHK Technologies/Aegir Dynamo + Point Absorber - Floating MHK Technologies/Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine + Oscillating Wave Surge Converter MHK Technologies/AquaBuoy + Point Absorber MHK Technologies/Aquanator + Cross Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Aquantis + Axial Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Archimedes Wave Swing + Point Absorber MHK Technologies/Atlantis AN 150 + Axial Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Atlantis AR 1000 + Axial Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Atlantis AS 400 + Axial Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Atlantisstrom + Cross Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/BOLT Lifesaver + Oscillating Wave Surge Converter

290

Markov's Principle for Propositional Type Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we show how to extend a constructive type theory with a principle that captures the spirit of Markov's principle from constructive recursive mathematics. Markov's principle is especially useful for proving termination of specific computations. ...

Alexei Kopylov; Aleksey Nogin

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Appendix A National Type Evaluation Technical Committee ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... deemed necessary to evaluate a belt profiling feature in ... a 10:1 ratio based on the size, loading and speed ... Similar or the same type of load cell or ...

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

292

Simultaneous Occurrence of Different Cloud Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud observations from land stations and from ships in the ocean are used to investigate the frequency of observation and the co-occurrence of different cloud types, and the geographical and seasonal variations of these co-occurrences. Ground-...

Stephen G. Warren; Carole J. Hahn; Julius London

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Radiative Effects of Cloud-Type Variations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiative flux changes induced by the occurrence of different cloud types are investigated using International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project cloud data and a refined radiative transfer model from National Aeronautics and Space ...

Ting Chen; William B. Rossow; Yuanchong Zhang

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Contractor: Contract Number: Contract Type: Total Estimated  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Number: Contract Type: Total Estimated Contract Cost: Performance Period Total Fee Earned FY2008 2,550,203 FY2009 39,646,446 FY2010 64,874,187 FY2011 66,253,207 FY2012...

295

Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Li-Ion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 All-Electric Conversion of the USPS Long Life Vehicle (LLV) Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Li-Ion Pack Locations: Underbody (inboard of frame rails) Nominal System Voltage:...

296

Estimating Cloud Type from Pyranometer Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the authors evaluate an inexpensive and automatable method to estimate cloud type at a given location during daylight hours using the time series of irradiance from a pyranometer. The motivation for this investigation is to provide ...

Claude E. Duchon; Mark S. OMalley

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

User Participation, Management Support and System Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores user participation in the systems development process and examines this variable in relation to the type of system under development. Prior user participation research has not shown conclusive support for its impact on system success. ...

Edward J. Garrity

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Types of Insulation | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Insulation Types of Insulation May 30, 2012 - 11:43am Addthis In existing homes, cellulose (here) or other loose-fill materials can be installed in building cavities through holes...

299

Property:Study Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Type Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "Study Type" Showing 22 pages using this property. D Distributed Generation Study/10 West 66th Street Corp + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/615 kW Waukesha Packaged System + Laboratory Test + Distributed Generation Study/Aisin Seiki G60 at Hooligans Bar and Grille + Field Test + Distributed Generation Study/Arrow Linen + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/Dakota Station (Minnegasco) + Case Study + Distributed Generation Study/Elgin Community College + Case Study + Distributed Generation Study/Emerling Farm + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/Floyd Bennett + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/Harbec Plastics + Long-term Monitoring +

300

Algebraic Characterizations of Flow-Network Typings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A flow network N is a capacited finite directed graph, with multiple input ports/arcs and multiple output ports/arcs. A flow f in N assigns a non-negative real number to every arc and is feasible if it satisfies flow conservation at every node and respects lower-bound/upper-bound capacities at every arc. We develop an algebraic theory of feasible flows in such networks with several beneficial consequences. We define algorithms to infer, from a given flow network N, an algebraic classification, which we call a typing for N, of all assignments f0 of values to the input and output arcs of N that can be extended to a feasible flow f. We then establish necessary and sufficient conditions on an arbitrary typing T guaranteeing that T is a valid typing for some flow network N. Based on these necessary and sufficient conditions, we define operations on typings that preserve their validity (to be typings for flow networks), and examine the implications for a typing theory of flow networks.

Assaf Kfoury

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

What type of vehicle do people drive? The role of attitude and lifestyle in influencing vehicle type choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on revealed and stated vehicle type choice and utilizationA disaggregate model of auto-type choice. Transportationforecasting automobile type-choice. Transportation Research

Choo, Sangho; Mokhtarian, Patricia L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

What type of vehicle do people drive? The role of attitude and lifestyle in influencing vehicle type choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Relationship of Vehicle Type Choice to Personality,on revealed and stated vehicle type choice and utilizationA disaggregate model of auto-type choice. Transportation

Choo, S; Mokhtarian, Patricia L

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Twisted Dedekind Type Sums Associated with Barnes' Type Multiple Frobenius-Euler l-Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to construct new Dedekind type sums. We construct generating functions of Barnes' type multiple Frobenius-Euler numbers and polynomials. By applying Mellin transformation to these functions, we define Barnes' type multiple l-functions, which interpolate Frobenius-Euler numbers at negative integers. By using generalizations of the Frobenius-Euler functions, we define generalized Dedekind type sums and prove corresponding reciprocity law. We also give twisted versions of the Frobenius-Euler polynomials and new Dedekind type sums and corresponding reciprocity law. Furthermore, by using p-adic q-Volkenborn integral and twisted (h,q)-Bernoulli functions, we construct p-adic (h,q)-higher order Dedekind type sums. By using relation between Bernoulli and Frobenius-Euler functions, we also define analogues of Hardy-Berndt type sums. We give some new relations related to to these sums as well.

Mehmet Cenkci; Yilmaz Simsek; Mumun Can; Veli Kurt

2007-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

304

Property:File/MimeType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MimeType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name FileMimeType Property Type String Description MIME Type of the original file. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

305

MEMORANDUM TO: FILE TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

TYPE OF OPERATION TYPE OF OPERATION _--__---~~--~---~ a Research & Development cl Facility Type 0 Production scale testing 0 Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies a Sample SC Analysis 0 Hanuf actuiing 0 University a Research Organization 0 Government Sponsored Facility 0 Other ~---~~--_--_~-___--~ 0 Production 0 Disposal/Storage IYPLPEs!b!Iw!EI 0 Prime a 0 Subcontract& Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee. unit price, *! Purchase Order time & material, qtc) _------ -------------42-----__--_---- ContFact/Purchase Order # ud IdlijL1\^IIJ ---------------------------- --------------------------------- OWNERSHIP: GOUT GOVT CONTRACTOR -CONTRACTOR awED LE_ASED OWNED ---------- ~-~LE!sEn LANDS BUILDINGS EQUIPMENT ORE OR RAW MATL 0 FINAL PRODUCT 0

306

Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Li-Ion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Under hood above powertrain Under hood above powertrain Nominal System Voltage: 333 V Rated Capacity (C/3): 40 Ah Cooling Method: Glycol / Water mix Powertrain Motor Type: DC Brushless Number of Motors: One Motor Cooling Type: Glycol / Water mix Drive Wheels: Rear Wheel Drive Transmission: None (gear ratio only in rear axle) Charger Location: Underhood Charger Port: Driver's side, front quarter panel Type: Conductive (J1772 connector) Input Voltage(s): 120 or 240 VAC Chassis Aluminum Body on Steel Frame Rear Suspension: Solid Axle with Leaf Springs Front Suspension: Dual A-arm with Coil Springs Weights Design Curb Weight: 3250 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 3310 lbs 7 Distribution F/R: 55.2/44.8% GVWR: 4450 lbs Max Payload: 940 lbs + 200 lbs driver 1 Performance Goal Payload: 1000 lbs + 200 lbs driver

307

MEMORANDUM TO: FILE FROM: TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

, , TYPE OF OPERATION ~_--_-----_---___ 69 Research & Development a Facility. Type 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilat Scale IK Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies u Sample & Analysis q Production 0 Disposal/Storage a Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Organization 0 Government Sponsored Facility 0 Other --------------__----- TYPE OF CONTRACT ---------------- 0 Prime 0 Other information (i.e., cost 0 Subcontractor + fixed fee, unit price, 5 Purchase Order ~SlvtM ay LuPo~l- time & material, r+c) _L-G~-~~~ ------GA------ Contract/Purchase Order # 3 I -? ciYl---------------------------- AZ. FG CONTRACTING PERIOD: --------__--_____- ----&-b&-f zw------ ______________ OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED AEC/MED OWE_3 LE_A_sEQ GOUT GOVT CONTRACTOR CONTRACTOR

308

Carbon Monoxide in type II supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Infrared spectra of two type II supernovae 6 months after explosion are presented. The spectra exhibit a strong similarity to the observations of SN 1987A and other type II SNe at comparable epochs. The continuum can be fitted with a cool black body and the hydrogen lines have emissivities that are approximately those of a Case B recombination spectrum. The data extend far enough into the thermal region to detect emission by the first overtone of carbon monoxide. The molecular emission is modeled and compared with that in the spectra of SN 1987A. It is found that the flux in the CO first overtone is comparable to that found in SN 1987A. We argue that Carbon Monoxide forms in the ejecta of all type II SNe during the first year after explosion.

J. Spyromilio; B. Leibundgut; R. Gilmozzi

2001-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

309

Type II seesaw dominance in SO(10)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Grand unified theories where the neutrino mass is given by type II seesaw have the potential to provide interesting connections between the neutrino and charged fermion sectors. We explore the possibility of having a dominant type II seesaw contribution in supersymmetric SO(10). We show that this can be achieved in the model where symmetry breaking is triggered by 54 and 45 dimensional representations, without the need for additional fields other than those already required to have a realistic charged fermion mass spectrum. Physical consequences, such as the implementation of the Bajc, Senjanovic, and Vissani mechanism, the possibility of the fields responsible for type II seesaw dominance being messengers of supersymmetry breaking, and the realization of baryo and leptogenesis in these theories, are discussed.

Melfo, Alejandra; Ramirez, Alba [Centro de Fisica Fundamental, Universidad de Los Andes, Merida (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Senjanovic, Goran [International Centre for Theoretical Physics, 34100 Trieste (Italy)

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

MULTIPLICITY AMONG F-TYPE STARS  

SciTech Connect

As part of a homogeneous all-sky volume-complete sample of half a thousand solar-type stars within 25 pc we present a census for the subset of the 150-mostly F-type stars-in the mass range 1.1 M{sub Sun} {<=} M {<=} 1.7 M{sub Sun} in terms of their observed multiplicities. The major obstacle, as expected, arises from the onset of stellar rotation in this mass range for it continues to support many hidden companions. Yet, a solid increase of the fraction of binary and higher level systems as a function of the primary mass is manifest. There is even the prospect that on account of many companion candidates the single-star fraction may already converge to zero at the transition to the A-type stars.

Fuhrmann, K.; Chini, R., E-mail: klaus@ing.iac.es [Astronomisches Institut, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, Universitaetsstrasse 150, D-44801 Bochum (Germany)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

Types of Insulation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Types of Insulation Types of Insulation Types of Insulation May 30, 2012 - 11:43am Addthis In existing homes, cellulose (here) or other loose-fill materials can be installed in building cavities through holes drilled (usually) on the exterior of the house. After the installation, the holes are plugged and finish materials replaced. | Photo courtesy of Cellulose Insulation Manufacturers Association. In existing homes, cellulose (here) or other loose-fill materials can be installed in building cavities through holes drilled (usually) on the exterior of the house. After the installation, the holes are plugged and finish materials replaced. | Photo courtesy of Cellulose Insulation Manufacturers Association. Icynene plastic insulation blown into the walls of a home near Denver. Icynene fills cracks and crevices and adheres to the framing. | Photo courtesy of Paul Norton, NREL.

312

Transformations of $W$-Type Entangled States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transformations of $W$-type entangled states by using local operations assisted with classical communication are investigated. For this purpose, a parametrization of the $W$-type states which remains invariant under local unitary transformations is proposed and a complete characterization of the local operations carried out by a single party is given. These are used for deriving the necessary and sufficient conditions for deterministic transformations. A convenient upper bound for the maximum probability of distillation of arbitrary target states is also found.

S. K?nta?; S. Turgut

2010-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

313

Water vapor retrieval over many surface types  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we present a study of of the water vapor retrieval for many natural surface types which would be valuable for multi-spectral instruments using the existing Continuum Interpolated Band Ratio (CIBR) for the 940 nm water vapor absorption feature. An atmospheric code (6S) and 562 spectra were used to compute the top of the atmosphere radiance near the 940 nm water vapor absorption feature in steps of 2.5 nm as a function of precipitable water (PW). We derive a novel technique called ``Atmospheric Pre-corrected Differential Absorption`` (APDA) and show that APDA performs better than the CIBR over many surface types.

Borel, C.C.; Clodius, W.C.; Johnson, J.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Fiber-type dosimeter with improved illuminator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single-piece, molded plastic, Cassigrainian-type condenser arrangement is incorporated in a tubular-shaped personal pocket dosimeter of the type which combines an ionization chamber with an optically-read fiber electrometer to provide improved illumination of the electrometer fiber. The condenser routes incoming light from one end of the dosimeter tubular housing around a central axis charging pin assembly and focuses the light at low angles to the axis so that it falls within the acceptance angle of the electrometer fiber objective lens viewed through an eyepiece lens disposed in the opposite end of the dosimeter. This results in improved fiber illumination and fiber image contrast.

Fox, Richard J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Fiber-type dosimeter with improved illuminator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single-piece, molded plastic, Cassigrainian-type condenser arrangement is incorporated in a tubular-shaped personal pocket dosimeter of the type which combines an ionization chamber with an optically-read fiber electrometer to provide improved illumination of the electrometer fiber. The condenser routes incoming light from one end of the dosimeter tubular housing around a central axis charging pin assembly and focuses the light at low angles to the axis so that it falls within the acceptance angle of the electrometer fiber objective lens viewed through an eyepiece lens disposed in the opposite end of the dosimeter. This results in improved fiber illumination and fiber image contrast.

Fox, R.J.

1985-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

316

Bell-type inequalities for arbitrary observables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive a Bell-type inequality for observables with arbitrary spectra. For the case of continuous variable systems we propose a possible experimental violation of this inequality, by using squeezed light and homodyne detection together with methods of quantum-state reconstruction. It is shown that the violation is also possible for realistic detection efficiencies.

E. Shchukin W. Vogel

2009-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

317

A Method to Determine Precipitation Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method to diagnose surface precipitation types is suggested. Most cases of freezing rain and ice pellets occur with a layer warmer than 0C extending above a surface-based layer of air colder than 0C. The procedure uses predictors proportional ...

Pierre Bourgouin

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Tailoring persuasive health games to gamer type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Persuasive games are an effective approach for motivating health behavior, and recent years have seen an increase in games designed for changing human behaviors or attitudes. However, these games are limited in two major ways: first, they are not based ... Keywords: behavior theory, hbm, player typology, gamer types, games design, health, persuasive game, serious games

Rita Orji; Regan L. Mandryk; Julita Vassileva; Kathrin M. Gerling

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Types of Dialogue and Burdens of Proof  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Burden of proof has recently come to be a topic of interest in argumentation systems for artificial intelligence (Prakken and Sartor, 2006, 2007, 2009; Gordon and Walton, 2007, 2009), but so far the main work on the subject seems to be in that type of ...

Douglas Walton

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Small Hotel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

322

James-Stein type estimators of variances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose James-Stein type estimators for variances raised to a fixed power by shrinking individual variance estimators towards the arithmetic mean. We derive and estimate the optimal choices of shrinkage parameters under both the squared ... Keywords: 62H12, Inadmissibility, Shrinkage estimation, Shrinkage parameter, Squared loss function, Stein loss function, Variance estimation

Tiejun Tong; Homin Jang; Yuedong Wang

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Rates and progenitors of type Ia supernovae  

SciTech Connect

The remarkable uniformity of Type Ia supernovae has allowed astronomers to use them as distance indicators to measure the properties and expansion history of the Universe. However, Type Ia supernovae exhibit intrinsic variation in both their spectra and observed brightness. The brightness variations have been approximately corrected by various methods, but there remain intrinsic variations that limit the statistical power of current and future observations of distant supernovae for cosmological purposes. There may be systematic effects in this residual variation that evolve with redshift and thus limit the cosmological power of SN Ia luminosity-distance experiments. To reduce these systematic uncertainties, we need a deeper understanding of the observed variations in Type Ia supernovae. Toward this end, the Nearby Supernova Factory has been designed to discover hundreds of Type Ia supernovae in a systematic and automated fashion and study them in detail. This project will observe these supernovae spectrophotometrically to provide the homogeneous high-quality data set necessary to improve the understanding and calibration of these vital cosmological yardsticks. From 1998 to 2003, in collaboration with the Near-Earth Asteroid Tracking group at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a systematic and automated searching program was conceived and executed using the computing facilities at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the National Energy Research Supercomputing Center. An automated search had never been attempted on this scale. A number of planned future large supernovae projects are predicated on the ability to find supernovae quickly, reliably, and efficiently in large datasets. A prototype run of the SNfactory search pipeline conducted from 2002 to 2003 discovered 83 SNe at a final rate of 12 SNe/month. A large, homogeneous search of this scale offers an excellent opportunity to measure the rate of Type Ia supernovae. This thesis presents a new method for analyzing the true sensitivity of a multi-epoch supernova search and finds a Type Ia supernova rate from z {approx} 0.01-0.1 of r{sub V} = 4.26{sub -1.93 -0.10}{sup +1.39 +0.10} h{sup 3} x 10{sup -4} SNe Ia/yr/Mpc{sup 3} from a preliminary analysis of a subsample of the SNfactory prototype search. Several unusual supernovae were found in the course of the SNfactory prototype search. One in particular, SN 2002ic, was the first SN Ia to exhibit convincing evidence for a circumstellar medium and offers valuable insight into the progenitors of Type Ia supernovae.

Wood-Vasey, William Michael

2004-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

324

Environment - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

environment environment Carbon Dioxide Emissions Coefficients Release Date: February 14, 2013 | Also available in spreadsheet Carbon Dioxide Emissions Coefficients by Fuel Pounds CO2 Kilograms CO2 Pounds CO2 Kilograms CO2 Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Factors: Per Unit of Volume or Mass Per Unit of Volume or Mass Per Million Btu Per Million Btu For homes and businesses Propane 12.7/gallon 5.8/gallon 139.0 63.1 Butane 14.8/gallon 6.7/gallon 143.2 65.0 Butane/Propane Mix 13.7/gallon 6.2/gallon 141.1 64.0 Home Heating and Diesel Fuel 22.4/gallon 10.2/gallon 161.3 73.2 Kerosene 21.5/gallon 9.8/gallon 159.4 72.3 Coal (All types) 4,631.5/short ton 2,100.8/short ton 210.2 95.3 Natural Gas 117.1/thousand cubic feet 53.1/thousand cubic feet 117.0 53.1

325

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Changes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Changes in Lighting Changes in Lighting The percentage of commercial buildings with lighting was unchanged between 1995 and 2003; however, three lighting types did show change in usage. Compact fluorescent lamps and halogen lamps showed a significant increase between 1995 and 2003 while the use of incandescent lights declined. The lighting questions in the 1995, 1999, and 2003 CBECS questionnaires were virtually identical which facilitates comparison across survey years. The use of compact fluorescent lamps more than doubled, from just under 10 percent of lit buildings to more than 20 percent (Figure 17 and Table 5). The use of halogen lamps nearly doubled, from 7 percent to 13 percent of lit buildings. Use of incandescent lights was the only lighting type to decline; their use dropped from 59 percent to just over one-half of lit buildings.

326

Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maintenance Types Maintenance Types Proper operations and maintenance (O&M) goes beyond repairing equipment after it breaks. Several maintenance strategies exist to prevent systems disrepair and degradation. A combination of the following can ensure an optimal blend of cost and life-cycle effectiveness: Reactive Maintenance: Follows a "run it until it breaks" strategy. No action or effort is taken to maintain equipment, prevent failure, or ensure life of the system - even if actions are suggested by the manufacturer. Preventive Maintenance: Refers to a series of actions performed on calendar time or machine run time schedules. Predictive Maintenance: Strives to detect the onset of equipment degradation and address the problems as they are identified. Several predictive maintenance technologies exist.

327

Compact fast analyzer of rotary cuvette type  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact fast analyzer of the rotary cuvette type is provided for simultaneously determining concentrations in a multiplicity of discrete samples using either absorbance or fluorescence measurement techniques. A rigid, generally rectangular frame defines optical passageways for the absorbance and fluorescence measurement systems. The frame also serves as a mounting structure for various optical components as well as for the cuvette rotor mount and drive system. A single light source and photodetector are used in making both absorbance and fluorescence measurements. Rotor removal and insertion are facilitated by a swing-out drive motor and rotor mount. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention relates generally to concentration measuring instruments and more specifically to a compact fast analyzer of the rotary cuvette type which is suitable for making either absorbance or fluorescence measurements. It was made in the course of, or under, a contract with the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.

Thacker, Louis H. (Knoxville, TN)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Introduction Introduction Lighting is a major consumer of electricity in commercial buildings and a target for energy savings through use of energy-efficient light sources along with other advanced lighting technologies. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects information on types of lighting equipment, the amount of floorspace that is lit, and the percentage of floorspace lit by each type. In addition, CBECS data are used to model end-use consumption, including energy consumed for lighting in commercial buildings. CBECS building characteristics data can answer a wide range of questions about lighting from the most basic, "How many buildings are lit?" to more detailed questions such as, "How many office buildings have compact

329

Finite volume schemes for Boussinesq type equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite volume schemes are commonly used to construct approximate solutions to conservation laws. In this study we extend the framework of the finite volume methods to dispersive water wave models, in particular to Boussinesq type systems. We focus mainly on the application of the method to bidirectional nonlinear, dispersive wave propagation in one space dimension. Special emphasis is given to important nonlinear phenomena such as solitary waves interactions.

Dutykh, Denys; Mitsotakis, Dimitrios

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Cell type specific gene expression : profiling and targeting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

al. Herpes simplex virus type 1 DNA amplified as bacterialUCSC). hNPPC (AAV)- c-type natriuretic peptide precursor,A. Architecture and cell types of the adult subventricular

Nathanson, Jason Lawrence

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Obliquely Rotated Principal Components: An Improved Meteorological Map Typing Technique?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A detailed analysis of obliquely rotated principal components as a map typing technique was performed. This type of transformation does not constrain orthogonality of the vectors, allowing the components or map types the freedom to better reflect ...

Michael B. Richman

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Quasar Host Orientation and Polarization: Insights into the Type 1/Type 2 Dichotomy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate correlations between the optical linear polarization position angle and the orientation of the host galaxy/extended emission of Type 1 and Type 2 Radio-Loud (RL) and Radio-Quiet (RQ) quasars. We have used high resolution Hubble Space Telescope (HST) data and deconvolution process to obtain a good determination of the host galaxy orientation. With these new measurements and a compilation of data from the literature, we find a significant correlation between the polarization position angle and the position angle of the major axis of the host galaxy/extended emission. The correlation appears different for Type 1 and Type 2 objects and depends on the redshift of the source. Interpretations in the framework of the unification model are discussed.

B. Borguet; D. Hutsemkers; G. Letawe; Y. Letawe; P. Magain

2007-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

333

Bundle-type methods uniformly optimal for smooth and nonsmooth ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 7, 2010 ... present new bundle-type methods which possess the optimal rate of ... that uniformly optimal algorithms of this type have been presented in the...

334

Property:Buildings/PublicationType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Property:BuildingsPublicationType Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pages using the...

335

Assessment of the type of cycling infrastructure required to...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

type of cycling infrastructure required to attract new cyclists Jump to: navigation, search Name Assessment of the type of cycling infrastructure required to attract new cyclists...

336

Category:Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Jump to: navigation, search This page contains all of the various types of technologies used in Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities for testing new...

337

Chapter 16 - Types of Contracts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 - Types of Contracts Chapter 16 - Types of Contracts 16.2 - Performance Evaluation and Measurement Plans for Cost-Reimbursement, Non-Management and Operating Contracts...

338

Can Early Type Galaxies Evolve from Fading the Disks of Late Types?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine whether early-type galaxies in clusters may have evolved from later types by the fading of their disks (e.g., as a result of ram-pressure stripping or strangulation) or by enhancement of the bulge luminosity (e.g., due to tidal interactions and mergers). For this purpose, we compare the bulge and disk luminosities of early- and late-type galaxies and of galaxies at different radial distances from the cluster center. We find that, in order for early-type galaxies, including S0s, to have evolved from late-type galaxies, their bulge luminosities must have been physically enhanced. Disk fading models cannot explain the differences observed. We then show that galaxy bulges are systematically brighter at small projected distances from the cluster center, while disk luminosities are uncorrelated with cluster-centric distance. Our results suggest that bulge enhancement, not disk fading, distinguishes early from late types and is thus at least partially responsible for the morphology-environment relation of bright cluster galaxies.

Daniel Christlein; Ann Zabludoff

2004-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

339

Systems of Hess-Appel'rot type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct higher-dimensional generalizations of the classical Hess-Appel'rot rigid body system. We give a Lax pair with a spectral parameter leading to an algebro-geometric integration of this new class of systems, which is closely related to the integration of the Lagrange bitop performed by us recently and uses Mumford relation for theta divisors of double unramified coverings. Based on the basic properties satisfied by such a class of systems related to bi-Poisson structure, quasi-homogeneity, and conditions on the Kowalevski exponents, we suggest an axiomatic approach leading to what we call the "class of systems of Hess-Appel'rot type".

Vladimir Dragovic; Borislav Gajic

2006-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

340

New approaches for modeling type Ia supernovae  

SciTech Connect

Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) are the largest thermonuclearexplosions in the Universe. Their light output can be seen across greatstances and has led to the discovery that the expansion rate of theUniverse is accelerating. Despite the significance of SNe Ia, there arestill a large number of uncertainties in current theoretical models.Computational modeling offers the promise to help answer the outstandingquestions. However, even with today's supercomputers, such calculationsare extremely challenging because of the wide range of length and timescales. In this paper, we discuss several new algorithms for simulationsof SNe Ia and demonstrate some of their successes.

Zingale, Michael; Almgren, Ann S.; Bell, John B.; Day, Marcus S.; Rendleman, Charles A.; Woosley, Stan

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Building Type | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Building Type Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Building Type Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Building Type October 7, 2013 - 10:51am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 Starting with the programs contributing the greatest proportion of building greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the agency should next determine which building types operated by those programs use the most energy (Figure 1). Energy intensity is evaluated instead of emissions in this approach because programs may not have access to emissions data by building type. Figure 1 - An image of an organizational-type chart. A rectangle labeled 'Program 1' has lines pointing to three other rectangles below it labeled 'Building Type 1,' 'Building Type 2,' and 'Building Type 3.' Next to the building types it says, 'Step 2. Estimate emissions by building type.

342

Interplanetary shocks lacking type II radio bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the radio-emission characteristics of 222 interplanetary (IP) shocks. A surprisingly large fraction of the IP shocks (~34%) is radio quiet (i.e., the shocks lacked type II radio bursts). The CMEs associated with the RQ shocks are generally slow (average speed ~535 km/s) and only ~40% of the CMEs were halos. The corresponding numbers for CMEs associated with radio loud (RL) shocks are 1237 km/s and 72%, respectively. The RQ shocks are also accompanied by lower peak soft X-ray flux. CMEs associated with RQ (RL) shocks are generally accelerating (decelerating). The kinematics of CMEs associated with the km type II bursts is similar to those of RQ shocks, except that the former are slightly more energetic. Comparison of the shock The RQ shocks seem to be mostly subcritical and quasi-perpendicular. The radio-quietness is predominant in the rise phase and decreases through the maximum and declining phases of solar cycle 23. The solar sources of the shock-driving CMEs follow the sunspot butterfly diagra...

Gopalswamy, N; Makela, P; Akiyama, S; Yashiro, S; Kaiser, M L; Howard, R A; Bougeret, J -L

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

The Distant Type Ia Supernova Rate  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the rate of distant Type Ia supernovae derived using 4 large subsets of data from the Supernova Cosmology Project. Within this fiducial sample, which surveyed about 12 square degrees, thirty-eight supernovae were detected at redshifts 0.25--0.85. In a spatially flat cosmological model consistent with the results obtained by the Supernova Cosmology Project, we derive a rest-frame Type Ia supernova rate at a mean red shift z {approx_equal} 0.55 of 1.53 {sub -0.25}{sub -0.31}{sup 0.28}{sup 0.32} x 10{sup -4} h{sup 3} Mpc{sup -3} yr{sup -1} or 0.58{sub -0.09}{sub -0.09}{sup +0.10}{sup +0.10} h{sup 2} SNu(1 SNu = 1 supernova per century per 10{sup 10} L{sub B}sun), where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second includes systematic effects. The dependence of the rate on the assumed cosmological parameters is studied and the redshift dependence of the rate per unit comoving volume is contrasted with local estimates in the context of possible cosmic star formation histories and progenitor models.

Pain, R.; Fabbro, S.; Sullivan, M.; Ellis, R. S.; Aldering, G.; Astier, P.; Deustua, S. E.; Fruchter, A. S.; Goldhaber, G.; Goobar, A.; Groom, D. E.; Hardin, D.; Hook, I. M.; Howell, D. A.; Irwin, M. J.; Kim, A. G.; Kim, M. Y.; Knop, R. A.; Lee, J. C.; Perlmutter, S.; Ruiz-Lapuente, P.; Schahmaneche, K.; Schaefer, B.; Walton, N. A.

2002-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

344

A static type system for JVM access control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a static type system for JAVA Virtual Machine (JVM) code that enforces an access control mechanism similar to the one found, for example, in a JAVA implementation. In addition to verifying type consistency of a given JVM code, the ... Keywords: JVM, access control, stack inspection, type inference, type system

Tomoyuki Higuchi; Atsushi Ohori

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Descent Relations in Type 0A/0B  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The type 0 theories have twice as many stable D-branes as the type II theories. In light of this added complication, we find the descent relations for D-branes in the type 0A and 0B theories. In addition, we work out how the two types of D-branes differ in their couplings to NS-NS fields.

David M. Thompson

2001-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

346

Fermionic and Bosonic Stabilizing Effects for Type I and Type II Dimension Bubbles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider two types of "dimension bubbles", which are viewed as 4d nontopological solitons that emerge from a 5d theory with a compact extra dimension. The size of the extra dimension varies rapidly within the domain wall of the soliton. We consider the cases of type I (II) bubbles where the size of the extra dimension inside the bubble is much larger (smaller) than outside. Type I bubbles with thin domain walls can be stabilized by the entrapment of various particle modes whose masses become much smaller inside than outside the bubble. This is demonstrated here for the cases of scalar bosons, fermions, and massive vector bosons, including both Kaluza-Klein zero modes and Kaluza-Klein excitation modes. Type II bubbles expel massive particle modes but both types can be stabilized by photons. Plasma filled bubbles containing a variety of massless or nearly massless radiation modes may exist as long-lived metastable states. Furthermore, in contrast to the case with a "gravitational bag", the metric for a fluid-filled dimension bubble does not exhibit a naked singularity at the bubble's center.

J. R. Morris

2004-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

347

Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Dictionary.png Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Brophy Occurrence Models This classification scheme was developed by Brophy, as reported in Updating the Classification of Geothermal Resources.[1] Type A: Magma-heated, Dry Steam Resource Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Type C: Caldera Resource Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource Extensional-tectonic, fault-controlled resources typically result from a

348

Contractor: Contract Number: Contract Type: Total Estimated  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Number: Number: Contract Type: Total Estimated Contract Cost: Performance Period Total Fee Earned FY2008 $2,550,203 FY2009 $39,646,446 FY2010 $64,874,187 FY2011 $66,253,207 FY2012 $41,492,503 FY2013 $0 FY2014 FY2015 FY2016 FY2017 FY2018 Cumulative Fee Earned $214,816,546 Fee Available $2,550,203 Minimum Fee $77,931,569 $69,660,249 Savannah River Nuclear Solutions LLC $458,687,779 $0 Maximum Fee Fee Information $88,851,963 EM Contractor Fee Site: Savannah River Site Office, Aiken, SC Contract Name: Management & Operating Contract September 2013 DE-AC09-08SR22470

349

Visualizing Type Ia Supernova Explosions at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supernova Explosions Supernova Explosions Visualizing Type Ia Supernova Explosions Childs1a-Supernovasm.png Deep inside a dying star in a galaxy far, far away, a carbon fusion flame ignites. Ignition may happen in the middle or displaced slightly to one side, but this simulation explores the consequences of central ignition. In a localized hot spot, represented here by a deformed sphere with an average radius of 100 km, carbon is assumed to have already fused to iron, producing hot ash (~10 billion K) with a density about 20% less than its surroundings. As the burning progresses, this hot buoyant ash rises up and interacts with cold fuel. Rayleigh-Taylor fingers give rise to shear and turbulence, which interacts with the flame, causing it to move faster. In about 2 seconds, the energy released blows the entire white dwarf star up,

350

Type I Superconductivity in Neutron Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The magnetic structure of neutron vortices in the superfluid cores of neutron stars is determined assuming that the proton condensate forms a type I superconductor. It is shown that the entrainment currents induced by the neutron vortex circulation cause the proton superconductor to break into successive domains of normal and superconducting regions. The Gibbs free-energy is found in the case in which the normal domains form cylindrical tubes coaxial with the neutron vortex. The minimum of the energy functional corresponds to a tube radius $a\\sim 0.1-0.5 ~b$, where $b$ is the outer radius of the neutron vortex. The magnetic field within the tube is of the order of $ 5 \\times 10^{14}$ G.

D. M. Sedrakian; A. Sedrakian; G. F. Zharkov

1997-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

351

Internet Media Types and the Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

draft-masinter-mime-web-info-00 This document describes some of the ways in which parts of the MIME system, originally designed for electronic mail, have been used in the web, and some of the ways in which those uses have resulted in difficulties. This informational document is intended as background and justification for a companion Best Current Practice which makes some changes to the registry of Internet Media Types and other specifications and practices, in order to facilitate Web application design and standardization. Status of this Memo This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79. Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-Drafts is at

L. Masinter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Weak Viscoelastic Nematodynamics of Maxwell Type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A constitutive theory for weak viscoelastic nematodynamics of Maxwell type is developed using the standard local approach of non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Along with particular viscoelastic and nematic kinematics, the theory uses the weakly elastic potential proposed by de Gennes for nematic solids and the LEP constitutive equations for viscous nematic liquids, while ignoring the Frank (orientation) elasticity and inertia effects. In spite of many basic parameters, algebraic properties of nematic operations investigated in Appendix, allowed us to reveal a general group structure of the theory and present it in a simple form. It is shown that the evolution equation for director is also viscoelastic. An example of magnetization clarifies the situation with non-symmetric stresses. When the sources of stress asymmetry are absent, the theory is simplified and its relaxation properties are described by a symmetric subgroup of nematic algebraic operations. A purely linear constitutive behavior exemplifies the symmetric situation.

Arkady I. Leonov; Valery S. Volkov

2004-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

353

New type gas-injection plant readied  

SciTech Connect

A unique gas-injection plant is about to go on stream in Venezuela's Lake Maracaibo. The $10-million installation, designed for unattended operation, is a joint venture of Phillips Petroleum Co., as operator for itself, and Cia. Shell de Venezuela. The plant, housed on a 120 by 130-ft platform, will be the first in the world to use gas turbines to drive reciprocating compressors. The 130 MMscfd facility will use 2 General Electric 15,000-hp gas turbines with gear reducers to drive a pair of 4-stage Cooper- Bessemer LM-8 compressors. No previous attempt has ever been made to drive this type of unit by gas turbines. Phillips says the gas turbines were selected because of inherent flexibility reliability as prime movers, and lack of vibration--an important advantage in offshore gas plants.

Franco, A.

1967-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

354

Portable type solar heat cooker assembly  

SciTech Connect

A portable type solar heat cooker assembly including a cooking glass tube comprising an outer bottomed glass tube and an inner bottomed glass tube coated with a selective absorption film showing a high absorptivity in the solar radiation spectrum zone and a low absorptivity in the heat radiation spectrum zone. The inner tube is coaxially inserted into the outer tube and hermetically sealed together at their open ends, with a space therebetween being evacuated to vacuum. A case is provided to open on hinges and to receive the cooking glass tube at its central portion. A curved reflector is bisymmetrically provided on the case, which forms a reflex mirror for the solar rays when the case is opened. A tiltable stand attached to the outside of the case is provided to support the case in an inclined state.

Takeuchi, H.; Mikiya, T.

1984-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

355

A Germanium Back Contact Type Thermophotovoltaic Cell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Ge back contact type photovoltaic cell has been proposed to reduce resistance loss for high current densities in thermophotovoltaic systems. The back contact structure requires less surface recombination velocities than conventional structures with front grid contacts. A SiO2/SiNx double anti-reflection coating including a high refractive index SiNx layer was studied. The SiNx layer has an enough passivation effect to obtain high efficiency. The quantum efficiency of the Ge cell was around 0.8 in the 800-1600 nm wavelength range. The conversion efficiency for infrared lights was estimated at 18% for a blackbody surface and 25% for a selective emitter by using the quantum efficiency and a simulation analysis.

Nagashima, Tomonori; Okumura, Kenichi [Future Project Div., Toyota Motor Corporation, 1200 Mishuku, Susono, Shizuoka 410-1193 (Japan); Yamaguchi, Masafumi [Toyota Technological Institute, 2-12-1 Hisakata, Tempaku, Nagoya 468-8511 (Japan)

2007-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

356

Spectral diversity of Type Ia Supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use published spectroscopic and photometric data for 8 Type Ia supernovae to construct a dispersion spectrum for this class of object, showing their diversity over the wavelength range 3700A to 7100A. We find that the B and V bands are the spectral regions with the least dispersion, while the U band below 4100A is more diverse. Some spectral features such as the Si line at 6150A are also highly diverse. We then construct two objective measures of 'peculiarity' by (i) using the deviation of individual objects from the average SN Ia spectrum compared to the typical dispersion and (ii) applying principle component analysis. We demonstrate these methods on several SNe Ia that have previously been classified as peculiar.

J. Berian James; Tamara M. Davis; Brian P. Schmidt; Alex G. Kim

2006-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

357

RIEGER-TYPE PERIODICITY IN THE OCCURRENCE OF SOLAR TYPE III RADIO BURSTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Letter presents the first observations of a Rieger-type periodicity with the period of 156{sub -9}{sup +19} days in the occurrence rate of solar coronal type III radio bursts. The periodicity was detected during the time interval from 2000 June 22 to 2003 December 31. This interval partially contains the maximum and the declining phase of solar cycle 23. The radio spectra were provided by the Learmonth Solar Radio Observatory in Western Australia, part of the USAF Radio Solar Telescope Network.

Lobzin, V. V.; Cairns, Iver H.; Robinson, P. A. [School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.4 Water Heaters  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 Water Heater Stock for Residential Buildings, By Storage Type Small (30 gallons or less) 17.1 17% 1.4 14% 18.5 17% Medium (31 to 49 gallons) 52.4 53% 2.4 24% 54.8 50% Large (50...

359

Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Types of Utility Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts on AddThis.com... Energy Savings Performance Contracts ENABLE Utility Energy Service Contracts Types of Contracts Laws & Regulations

360

Comparison of Biological and Thermal (Pyrolysis) Pathways for Conversion of Lignocellulose to Biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Because of the limited supply of imported crude oil and environmental degradation, renewable energy is becoming commercially feasible and environmentally desirable. In this research, biological and thermal (pyrolysis) conversion pathways for biofuel production from lignocellulosic feedstocks were compared. For biological conversions of sorghum, ethanol yield was improved using M81-E variety (0.072 g/g juice) over Umbrella (0.065 g/g juice) for first-generation biomass (sorghum juice), and 0.042 g/g sorghum was obtained from the cellulosic portion of second-generation biomass. When ultrasonication was combined with hot water pretreatment, yields increased by 15% and 7% for cellulose to glucose, and hemicellulose to pentose, respectively. Ethanol yield was 10% higher when this pretreatment was combined with Accellerase 1500+XC for saccharification. Biological conversion yielded 1,600?2,300 L ethanol/ha for first-generation biomass, and 4,300?4,500 L ethanol/ha from lignocellulosic biomass. For thermal (pyrolysis) conversion of lignocellulosic switchgrass at 600 degrees C, product yield was 37% bio-oil, 26% syngas, and 25% bio-char. At 400 degrees C, product yield was 22% bio-oil, 8% syngas, and 56% bio-char. Bio-oil from pyrolysis was highly oxygenated (37 wt%). It required chemical transformation to increase its volatility and thermal stability, and to reduce its viscosity by removing objectionable oxygen, so the product could be used as transportation fuel (gasoline). As a consequence of upgrading bio-oil by catalytic hydrogenation, bio-oil oxygen decreased from 37?2 wt%, carbon increased from 50?83 wt%, hydrogen increased from 9?15 wt% and heating value increased from 36?46 MJ/kg, resulting in a fuel that was comparable to gasoline. The upgraded product passed the thermal stability test when kept under an oxygen-rich environment. The upgraded product consisted of 14.8% parrafins, 21.7% iso-parrafins, 3% napthene, 42.6% aromatics, 4.7% olefin, 4.7% DMF, 8% alcohol, and 0.6% ketone on a mass basis. Comparing the two pathways, biological conversion had 11 wt% ethanol yield from sorghum, and thermal conversion had 13 wt% gasoline yield from switchgrass. For process efficiency, thermal conversion had 35% energy loss versus 45% energy loss for biological conversions. For the biological pathway, ethanol cost was $2.5/gallon ($4/gallon, gasoline equivalent), whereas for the thermal pathway, switchgrass gasoline cost was $3.7/gallon, both with 15% before tax profit.

Imam, Tahmina 1983-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Property:NrelPartnerType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NrelPartnerType NrelPartnerType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name NrelPartnerType Property Type String Description Partnership Type. Pages using the property "NrelPartnerType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1366 Technologies + Incubator + 3 3M + CRADA + A A.O. Smith + Test & Evaluation Partner + A123Systems + CRADA + AAON + Test & Evaluation Partner + AQUA Products + Test & Evaluation Partner + AVL Powertrain Engineering + Licensing Agreement + AWS Truewind + Test & Evaluation Partner + Abengoa Solar + CRADA + Abound Solar + Other Relationship + Advanced Energy Products + Test & Evaluation Partner + Affiliated International Management (AIM) + Test & Evaluation Partner + Affordable Comfort + Test & Evaluation Partner +

362

The progenitors of subluminous type Ia supernovae  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We find that spectroscopically peculiar subluminous SNe Ia come from an old population. Of the thirteen subluminous SNe Ia known, nine are found in E/S0 galaxies, and the remainder are found in early-type spirals. The probability that this is a chance occurrence is only 0.1%. The finding that subluminous SNe Ia are associated with an older stellar population indicates that for a sufficiently large lookback time (already accessible in current high redshift searches) they will not be found. Due to a scarcity in old populations, hydrogen and helium main sequence stars and He red giant stars that undergo Roche lobe overflow are unlikely to be the progenitors of subluminous SNe Ia. Earlier findings that overluminous SNe Ia (DELTA m{sub 15} (B) < 0.94) come from a young progenitor population are confirmed. The fact that subluminous SNe Ia and overluminous SNe Ia come from different progenitor populations and also have different properties is a prediction of the CO white dwarf merger progenitor scenario.

Howell, D. Andrew

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

EPICS Version 4 - Implementing Complex Data Types  

SciTech Connect

Through phase 1 and phase 2 SBIR grants, s fully functional I/O Controller and communication protocol for version 4 of EPICS is completed. This new software architecture provides a flexible and extendible architecture. Version 4 is implemented fully in Java. The performance metrics look promising. The final portion of phase 2 is to optimize the communication mechanisms. Subsequent work on different aspects of this are required to provide a viable solutions in various areas. Version 3 of EPICS is able to provide a platform for implementing channel based control, because the channel and attributes for time stamping, alarm, display and control were narrow, well defined, and complete. To extend EPICS functionality beyond this, it is necessary to define attributes needed for archive data, array, image data, and directory services. The proper handling of several array types enables the development of middle layer servers such as orbit and bump control in accelerators. Phase 1 should produce a well defined, reviewed, and agreed upon definition of the metadata required for these services. A Phase 2 grant would provide tools that implemented archiving, general array, imaging, and directory applications.

Marty Kraimer,; John dalesio

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

364

Evolution of the U.S. Energy Service Company Industry: Market Size and Project Performance from 1990-2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EIA. 2009e. "Residual Fuel Oil Prices, Average-Sales to Endwith electricity, gas, oil, and other fuel types. Resultsfuel types (e.g. , coal, oil), and gallons of water. Other

Goldman, Charles A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Light-Duty Vehicle Miles per Gallon by Technology Type 2011-Technology Type ... 200 Mile Electric Vehicle Plug-in 10 Gasoline Hybrid Plug-in 40 Gasoline Hybrid

366

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Energy Efficiency...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

storage-type water heaters with capacities of 20 to 120 gallons and maximum energy input of 12 kW. Residential heat pump and gas storage-type water heaters are covered...

367

Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource Dictionary.png Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Brophy Occurrence Models This classification scheme was developed by Brophy, as reported in Updating the Classification of Geothermal Resources.[1] Type A: Magma-heated, Dry Steam Resource Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Type C: Caldera Resource Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource

368

Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Dictionary.png Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Brophy Occurrence Models This classification scheme was developed by Brophy, as reported in Updating the Classification of Geothermal Resources.[1] Type A: Magma-heated, Dry Steam Resource Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Type C: Caldera Resource Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource

369

Mo Type Phase in Long-Term Aged INCONEL Alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FORMATION OF A PtzMo TYPE PHASE IN LONG-TERM AGED lNCONEL@ ALLOY 686. Michael G. ... formation of a low-temperature iutermetallic Pt*Mo type .

370

Chromosome- and Chromatid-type Aberrations after Irradiation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chromosome- and Chromatid-type Aberrations after Irradiation of Various HRR or NHEJ Deficient Mutant Chinese Hamster Cells and Their Wild-type Counterparts in G0G1 or LateSG2...

371

Form:CBECS Building Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CBECS Building Type Jump to: navigation, search This is the 'CBECS Building Type' form. To add a page with this form, enter the page name below; if a page with that name already...

372

Short-Range Ensemble Forecasts of Precipitation Type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Short-range ensemble forecasting is extended to a critical winter weather problem: forecasting precipitation type. Forecast soundings from the operational NCEP Short-Range Ensemble Forecast system are combined with five precipitation-type ...

Matthew S. Wandishin; Michael E. Baldwin; Steven L. Mullen; John V. Cortinas Jr.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Recharge Oscillator Mechanisms in Two Types of ENSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The El NioSouthern Oscillation (ENSO) tends to behave arguably as two different types or flavors in recent decades. One is the canonical cold-tongue-type ENSO with major sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTA) positioned over the eastern ...

Hong-Li Ren; Fei-Fei Jin

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Total Stocks Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History; U.S. 1,665,345 ...

375

Template:Incentive Type Page Query | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incentive Type Page Query Jump to: navigation, search This is the 'Incentive Type Page Query' template. If limitrec is not included, default is 1000. limitrec is only for the...

376

An Improved Operational System for Forecasting Precipitation Type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Model Output Statistics system for forecasting the conditional probability of precipitation type (PoPT) became operational within the National Weather Service in September 1978. Forecasts are provided for three precipitation type categories: ...

Joseph R. Bocchieri; George J. Maglaras

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Ni-NaCl  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nominal System Voltage: 371 V Rated Capacity (C3): 150 Ah Cooling Method: Electric fan Powertrain Motor Type: DC Brushless Number of Motors: One Motor Cooling Type: Oil to...

378

Molecular Thermodynamic Modeling of Droplet-Type Microemulsions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Thermodynamic Modeling of Droplet-Type Microemulsions Livia A. Moreira and Abbas a molecular thermodynamic theory for droplet-type microemulsions, both water-in-oil and oil

Firoozabadi, Abbas

379

Visualizing Buoyant Burning Bubbles in Type Ia Supernovae at...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Burning in Supernovae Buoyant Burning Bubbles in Type Ia Supernovae bubble-s.jpeg Flame ignition in type Ia supernovae leads to isolated bubbles of burning buoyant fluid. As a...

380

Recharge Oscillator Mechanisms in Two Types of ENSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

El Nio and the Southern Oscillation (ENSO) tend to behave arguably as two different types or flavors in recent decades. One is the canonical cold-tongue (CT) -type ENSO with major sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTA) positioned over the ...

Hong-Li Ren; Fei-Fei Jin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Propane/Propylene Total Stocks Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Jan-13 Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 View History; U ...

382

Naphtha for Petrochemical Feedstock Use Total Stocks Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Jan-13 Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 View History; U ...

383

Propane/Propylene Natural Gas Processing Plant Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Jan-13 Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 View History; U ...

384

Residual Fuel Oil Bulk Terminal Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Jan-13 Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 View History; U ...

385

Asphalt and Road Oil Total Stocks Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 View History; U ...

386

LITTLEWOOD TYPE PROBLEMS ON SUB ARCS Peter ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LITTLEWOOD TYPE. PROBLEMS ON SUB ARCS. Peter Borwein. Simon Fraser University Centre for. Constructive and Experimental. Mathematics.

387

Mehrotra-Type Predictor-Corrector Algorithms Revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 5, 2007 ... Mehrotra-Type Algorithm, Polynomial Complexity. ?Corresponding author, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, The University of...

388

Structural Design for the Development of the Floating Type ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finally, we designed and developed floating type photovoltaic generation system using the ... Polymer Electrolyte Membrane for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell.

389

Pitting Corrosion Resistance of Type 2507 Duplex Stainless Steel in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Alloy Development for Measurement While Drilling Tools ... Resistance of Type 2507 Duplex Stainless Steel in Synthetic Seawater and Hydraulic Fluids.

390

Polymorphic CSP Type Checking Ping Gao and Robert Esser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polymorphic CSP Type Checking Ping Gao and Robert Esser Concurrent and Real­time Systems Laboratory@cs.adelaide.edu.au Abstract Communicating Sequential Processes (CSP) is a lan­ guage used to describe and reason about between a conventional functional lan­ guage type checker and a type checker for the CSP language

Esser, Robert

391

Nonlinear quantization on Hebbian-type associative memories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hebbian-type associative memory is characterized by its simple architecture. However, the hardware implementation of Hebbian-type associative memories is normally complicated when there are a huge number of patterns stored. To simplify the interconnection ... Keywords: Hebbian-type associative memory, Interconnection, Neuron, Nonlinear quantization, Probability of direct convergence

Chishyan Liaw; Ching-Tsorng Tsai; Chao-Hui Ko

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Dynamic heap type inference for program understanding and debugging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

C programs can be difficult to debug due to lax type enforcement and low-level access to memory. We present a dynamic analysis for C that checks heap snapshots for consistency with program types. Our approach builds on ideas from physical subtyping and ... Keywords: conservative garbage collection, constraints, debugging tools, dynamic type inference, heap visualization, physical subtyping

Marina Polishchuk; Ben Liblit; Chlo W. Schulze

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Graphical and incremental type inference: a graph transformation approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a graph grammar based type inference system for a totally graphic development language. NiMo (Nets in Motion) can be seen as a graphic equivalent to Haskell that acts as an on-line tracer and debugger. Programs are process networks that evolve ... Keywords: graphical language, process networks, type inference, type visualization

Silvia Clerici; Cristina Zoltan; Guillermo Prestigiacomo

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

DISTRIBUTED FLAMES IN TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At a density near a few x10{sup 7} g cm{sup -3}, the subsonic burning in a Type Ia supernova (SN) enters the distributed regime (high Karlovitz number). In this regime, turbulence disrupts the internal structure of the flame, and so the idea of laminar burning propagated by conduction is no longer valid. The nature of the burning in this distributed regime depends on the turbulent Damkoehler number (Da{sub T}), which steadily declines from much greater than one to less than one as the density decreases to a few x10{sup 6} g cm{sup -3}. Classical scaling arguments predict that the turbulent flame speed s{sub T} , normalized by the turbulent intensity u-check, follows s{sub T}/u-check = Da{sub T}{sup 1/2} for Da{sub T} {approx}burns as a turbulently broadened effective unity Lewis number flame. This flame burns locally with speed s{sub l}ambda and width l{sub l}ambda, and we refer to this kind of flame as a lambda-flame. The burning becomes a collection of lambda-flames spread over a region approximately the size of the {integral} scale. While the total burning rate continues to have a well-defined average, s{sub T}{approx}u-check, the burning is unsteady. We present a theoretical framework, supported by both one-dimensional and three-dimensional numerical simulations, for the burning in these two regimes. Our results indicate that the average value of s{sub T} can actually be roughly twice u-check for Da{sub T} {approx}> 1, and that localized excursions to as much as 5 times u-check can occur. We also explore the properties of the individual flames, which could be sites for a transition to detonation when Da{sub T} {approx} 1. The lambda-flame speed and width can be predicted based on the turbulence in the star (specifically the energy dissipation rate epsilon*) and the turbulent nuclear burning timescale of the fuel tau {sup T}{sub nuc}. We propose a practical method for measuring s{sub l}ambda and l{sub l}ambda based on the scaling relations and small-scale computationally inexpensive simulations. This suggests that a simple turbulent flame model can be easily constructed suitable for large-scale distributed SNe flames. These results will be useful both for characterizing the deflagration speed in larger full-star simulations, where the flame cannot be resolved, and for predicting when detonation occurs.

Aspden, A. J.; Bell, J. B. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, MS 50A-1148, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Woosley, S. E. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

2010-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

395

Generation of GHZ-type and \\emph{W}-type entangled coherent states of three-cavity fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present experimental schemes to prepare the three-cavity GHZ-type and \\emph{W}-type entangled coherent states in the context of dispersive cavity quantum electrodynamics. The schemes can be easily generalized to prepare the GHZ-type and \\emph{W}-type entangled coherent states of $n$-cavity fields. The discussion of our schemes indicates that it can be realized by current technologies.

Chun-Hua Yuan; Yong-Cheng Ou; Zhi-Ming Zhang

2005-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

396

Growth of p-type and n-type m-plane GaN by molecular beam epitaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cm ?3 corresponding to p-type ?lm conductivi- ties as highOF APPLIED PHYSICS 100, 063707 ?2006? Growth of p-type andn-type m-plane GaN by molecular beam epitaxy M. McLaurin, a?

McLaurin, M; Mates, T E; Wu, F; Speck, J S

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Property:EnvironmentalAnalysisType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EnvironmentalAnalysisType EnvironmentalAnalysisType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name environmentalAnalysisType Property Type Page Description Type of environmental analysis conducted to meet NEPA requirements (eg Categorical Exclusion, Environmental Assessment) Allows Values CU;DNA;CX;EA;EIS This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "EnvironmentalAnalysisType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) B BLM-NV-WN-ES-08-01-1310, NV-020-08-01 + EA + C CA-017-05-051 + EA + CA-067-2006-12 + EA + CA-170-02-15 + EA + CA-650-2005-086 + EA + CA-670-2010-107 + CX + CA-670-2010-CX + CX + CA-96062042 + EIS + D DOE-EA-1116 + EA + DOE-EA-1621 + EA + DOE-EA-1676 + EA + DOE-EA-1733 + EA + DOE-EA-1759 + EA + DOE-EA-1849 + EA + DOE-EA-1961 + EA +

398

Property:Incentive/PolicyType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PolicyType PolicyType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Incentive/Policy Type Property Type String Description Policy Type for EZ Feed policy types. Used in place of putting it into Category Financial Incentive Programs or Rules Regulations Policies Incentive Programs Pages using the property "Incentive/PolicyType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 401 Certification (Vermont) + Other Policy + A Abatement of Air Pollution: Air Pollution Control Equipment and Monitoring Equipment Operation (Connecticut) + Other Policy + Abatement of Air Pollution: Connecticut Primary and Secondary Standards (Connecticut) + Other Policy + Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide Emissions/Carbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program (Connecticut) + Other Policy +

399

High-Performance Palladium Based Membrane for Hydrogen Separation and Purification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mission of the DOE's Fuel Cell Technologies'?Hydrogen Fuels R&D effort is to research, develop, and validate technologies for producing, storing, and delivering hydrogen in an efficient, clean, safe, reliable, and affordable manner. A key program technical milestone for hydrogen technology readiness is to produce hydrogen from diverse, domestic resources at $2.00-$3.00 per gallon of gasoline equivalent (gge) delivered, untaxed. Low-cost, high-temperature hydrogen separation membranes represent a key enabling technology for small-scale distributed hydrogen production units. Availability of such membranes with high selectivity and high permeability for hydrogen will allow their integration with hydrocarbon reforming and water gas shift reactions, potentially reducing the cost of hydrogen produced. Pd-metal-based dense membranes are known for their excellent hydrogen selectivity and permeability characteristics, however, utilization of these membranes has so far been limited to small scale niche markets for hydrogen purification primarily due to the relatively high cost of Pd-alloy tubes compared to pressure swing adsorption (PSA) units. This project was aimed at development of thin-film Pd-alloy membranes deposited on Pall Corporation's DOE-based AccuSep® porous metal tube substrates to form a composite hydrogen separation membrane for these applications. Pall's composite membrane development addressed the typical limitations of composite structures by developing robust membranes capable of withstanding thermal and mechanical stresses resulting from high temperature (400C), high pressure (400 psi steam methane reformer and 1000 psi coal) operations and thermal cycling involved in conventional hydrogen production. In addition, the Pd-alloy membrane composition was optimized to be able to offer the most stability in the typical synthesis gas environments produced by reforming of natural gas and bio-derived liquid fuels (BILI) validating the technical effectiveness and economic feasibility of the technology demonstrated. Results from this research added technology and product design information that offers the potential to significantly advance the commercial viability of hydrogen production.

Scott Hopkins

2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

400

Technical/commercial feasibility study of the production of fuel-grade ethanol from corn: 100-million gallon-per-year production facility in Myrtle Grove, Louisiana  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This volume contains the following engineering drawings: plot plans, fire protection yards, process flow diagrams, general plant arrangements for each area, equipment layouts, electrical diagrams, and power distribution centers.

Not Available

1982-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-Gallon Radioactive Liquid Waste Storage Tanks at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a record of the Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-gal liquid waste storage tanks and associated equipment at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, as required by U.S. Department of Energy M 435.1-1, ''Radioactive Waste Management Manual.'' This equipment is known collectively as the Tank Farm Facility. The conclusion of this report is that the Tank Farm Facility tanks, vaults, and transfer systems that remain in service for storage are structurally adequate, and are expected to remain structurally adequate over the remainder of their planned service life through 2012. Recommendations are provided for continued monitoring of the Tank Farm Facility.

Bryant, J.W.; Nenni, J.A.; Yoder, T.S.

2003-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

402

Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-Gallon Radioactive Liquid Waste Tanks at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides a record of the Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-gal liquid waste storage tanks and associated equipment at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, as required by U.S. Department of Energy M 435.1-1, Radioactive Waste Management Manual. This equipment is known collectively as the Tank Farm Facility. The conclusion of this report is that the Tank Farm Facility tanks, vaults, and transfer systems that remain in service for storage are structurally adequate, and are expected to remain structurally adequate over the remainder of their planned service life through 2012. Recommendations are provided for continued monitoring of the Tank Farm Facility.

Bryant, Jeffrey Whealdon; Nenni, Joseph A; Timothy S. Yoder

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-Gallon Radioactive Liquid Waste Storage Tanks at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a record of the Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-gal liquid waste storage tanks and associated equipment at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, as required by U.S. Department of Energy M 435.1-1, ''Radioactive Waste Management Manual.'' This equipment is known collectively as the Tank Farm Facility. The conclusion of this report is that the Tank Farm Facility tanks, vaults, and transfer systems that remain in service for storage are structurally adequate, and are expected to remain structurally adequate over the remainder of their planned service life through 2012. Recommendations are provided for continued monitoring of the Tank Farm Facility.

Bryant, J.W.; Nenni, J.A.; Yoder, T.S.

2003-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

404

Mathematical modeling of mixer pump performance for agitation of radioactive slurries in one-million-gallon underground storage tanks at Hanford  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this work is to analyze the Hanford Waste Vitrification Project (HWVP) feed preparation tank mixing pump agitation design. This was accomplished by (1) reviewing mixing pump characteristics, (2) performing computer modeling of jet mixing and particulate material transport, (3) evaluating the propensity of the tank and mixing pump design to maintain particulate material in the tank in a uniformly mixed state, and (4) identifying important design parameters required to ensure optimum homogeneity and solids content during batch transfers.

Bamberger, J.A.; Eyler, L.L.; Dodge, R.E.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-Gallon Radioactive Liquid Waste Storage Tanks at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a record of the Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-gal liquid waste storage tanks and associated equipment at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, as required by U.S. Department of Energy M 435.1-1, Radioactive Waste Management Manual. This equipment is known collectively as the Tank Farm Facility. This report is an update, and replaces the previous report by the same title issued April 2003. The conclusion of this report is that the Tank Farm Facility tanks, vaults, and transfer systems that remain in service for storage are structurally adequate, and are expected to remain structurally adequate over the remainder of their planned service life through 2012. Recommendations are provided for continued monitoring of the Tank Farm Facility.

Bryant, Jeffrey W.

2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

406

The bio-waste based ethanol can offer a significantly low-cost ethanol costing from $2.1 to $1.2 per gallon with technology evolvement.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

represents the first attempt to formally institute a biofuels' local supply chain in Italy. The project-energetic chain of biodiesel. Key words : Rural territory, biofuels, industrial production, spatial embeddedness. The aim was to develop a short supply chain to provide soybean oil for the industrial production

California at Davis, University of

407

Property:EnergyServicesType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EnergyServicesType EnergyServicesType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name EnergyServicesType Property Type String Description Type of energy services provided. Allows Values Lighting;Cooking and water heating;Space heating;Cooling;Information and communications;Earning a living Pages using the property "EnergyServicesType" Showing 8 pages using this property. B Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project + Lighting +, Cooking and water heating +, Space heating +, ... E Ethiopia Energy Access Project + Lighting +, Cooking and water heating +, Information and communications + G Ghana Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) + Lighting +, Cooking and water heating +, Information and communications + M Mongolia Renewable Energy and Rural Electricity Access Project + Lighting +, Cooking and water heating +, Space heating +, ...

408

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6: February 9, 6: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type Differences on Vehicle Miles Traveled to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type Differences on Vehicle Miles Traveled on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type Differences on Vehicle Miles Traveled on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type Differences on Vehicle Miles Traveled on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type Differences on Vehicle Miles Traveled on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type Differences on Vehicle Miles Traveled on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306:

409

n-Type diamond and method for producing same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new n-type semiconducting diamond is disclosed, which is doped with n-type dopant atoms. Such diamond is advantageously formed by chemical vapor deposition from a source gas mixture comprising a carbon source compound for the diamond, and a volatile hot wire filament for the n-type impurity species, so that the n-type impurity atoms are doped in the diamond during its formation. A corresponding chemical vapor deposition method of forming the n-type semiconducting diamond is disclosed. The n-type semiconducting diamond of the invention may be usefully employed in the formation of diamond-based transistor devices comprising pn diamond junctions, and in other microelectronic device applications.

Anderson, Richard J. (Oakland, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Operations and Maintenance for Major Equipment Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for Major Equipment Types for Major Equipment Types Operations and Maintenance for Major Equipment Types October 7, 2013 - 9:53am Addthis Equipment lies at the heart of all operations and maintenance (O&M) activities. This equipment varies greatly across the Federal sector in age, size, type, model, condition, etc. No single resource covers all equipment in use by Federal agencies, and listing major equipment types is beyond the scope of this website. Instead, the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) outlines major equipment types within chapter 9 of the Federal Energy Management Programs's (FEMP) O&M Best Practices Guide. The FEMP O&M Best Practices Guide focuses on: Boilers Steam traps Chillers Cooling towers Energy management and building automation systems Air handling systems

411

Property:BLM CaseType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CaseType CaseType Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Property Name BLM CaseType Property Type Page This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "BLM CaseType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AZA-009168 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009169 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009170 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009171 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009172 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009173 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009174 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009175 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009176 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009177 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009178 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009179 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009180 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 +

412

Renewal processes of Mittag-Leffler and Wright type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After sketching the basic principles of renewal theory we discuss the classical Poisson process and offer two other processes, namely the renewal process of Mittag-Leffler type and the renewal process of Wright type, so named by us because special functions of Mittag-Leffler and of Wright type appear in the definition of the relevant waiting times. We compare these three processes with each other, furthermore consider corresponding renewal processes with reward and numerically their long-time behaviour.

Francesco Mainardi; Rudolf Gorenflo; Alessandro Vivoli

2007-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

413

Category:Lists for Incentive Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lists for Incentive Types Lists for Incentive Types Jump to: navigation, search Category with Lists for Incentive Types. Pages in category "Lists for Incentive Types" The following 64 pages are in this category, out of 64 total. A Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards B Bond Programs Building Energy Code Building Energy Codes C Corporate Deduction Corporate Depreciation Corporate Exemption Corporate Tax Credit Corporate Tax Incentives E Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Energy Standards for Public Buildings Equipment Certification Equipment Certification Requirements F Federal Grant Program Federal Loan Program G Generation Disclosure Grant Programs Green Building Incentive Green Building Incentives Green Power Purchasing I Industry Recruitment/Support Interconnection I cont. Interconnection Standards

414

A SHARP BERNSTEIN-TYPE INEQUALITY FOR ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A SHARP BERNSTEIN-TYPE. INEQUALITY FOR. EXPONENTIAL SUMS. Peter Borwein and Tam. as Erd elyi. Simon Fraser University. Typeset by AMS-TEX...

415

Table 28. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly January 2012 56 Table 28. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State

416

Table 31. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly February 2012 76 Table 31. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State

417

Turbulence-Flame Interactions in Type Ia Supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Turbulence-Flame Interactions in Type Ia Supernovae A. J.Normalised time (e) Normalised flame speed Normalised time (length scale (cm) Laminar flame width Gibson scale Cell

Aspden, Andrew J; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, MS 50A-1148, Berkeley, CA 94720 (Authors 1, 2 & 3); Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (Author 4); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (Author 5)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Site: Contract Name: Contractor: Contract Number: Contract Type...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Contract Name: Contractor: Contract Number: Contract Type: Total Estimated Contract Cost: Contract Period: Minimum Fee Maximum Fee Performance Period Fee Available Total Fee Paid...

419

High Resolution Structure of the Neisseria gonorrhoeae Type IV...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of the Neisseria gonorrhoeae Type IV Pilus: A Membrane-bound Fibrous Assembly Membrane proteins are notoriously difficult to crystallize, and fiber-forming proteins were...

420

A CH-type Inequality For Real Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive an efficient CH-type inequality. Quantum mechanics violates our proposed inequality independent of the detection-efficiency problem.

Afshin Shafiee

2004-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Ramanujan's type series are recorded with in - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ramanujan Type Series. Ramanujan's remarkable series for include. This series adds roughly eight digits per term. Gosper in 1985 computed 17 million terms...

422

Optimization Online - Some Disadvantages of a Mehrotra-Type ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 17, 2005 ... Some Disadvantages of a Mehrotra-Type Primal-Dual Corrector Interior Point Algorithm for Linear Programming. Coralia Cartis (ccartis ***at***...

423

Optimization Online - Asymptotic equivalence and Kobayashi-type ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 13, 2008 ... Asymptotic equivalence and Kobayashi-type estimates for nonautonomous monotone operators in Banach spaces. F Alvarez (falvarez ***at***...

424

Mehrotra-type predictor-corrector algorithms revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 5, 2007 ... Mehrotra-type predictor-corrector algorithms revisited. Maziar Salahi(salahim *** at*** guilan.ac.ir) Tamas Terlaky(terlaky ***at*** mcmaster.ca).

425

DOE specification: Flooded-type lead-acid storage batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document contains a ``fill-in-the-blanks`` guide specification for procurement of flooded-type lead-acid storage batteries, for uninterruptible power supply applications.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Complete genome sequence of Acidimicrobium ferrooxidans type strain (ICPT)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with type strain genome sequencing projects registered inResearch, Braunschweig) Genome sequencing and annotationthe complete Table 2. Genome sequencing project information

Clum, Alicia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Table 34. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly January 2012 88 Table 34. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type and PAD ...

428

Characterization of nitrogen compound types in hydrotreated Paraho shale oil  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Results from the separation and characterization of nitrogen compound types in hydrotreated Paraho shale oil samples were obtained. Two samples of Paraho shale oil were hydrotreated by Chevron Research Company such that one sample contained about 0.05 wt. percent nitrogen and the other sample contained about 0.10 wt. percent nitrogen. A separation method concentrate specific nitrogen compound types was developed. Characterization of the nitrogen types was accomplished by infrared spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, potentiometric titration, and elemental analysis. The distribution of nitrogen compound types in both samples and in the Paraho crude shale oil is compared.

Holmes, S.A.; Latham, D.R.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

TABLE 1. Nuclear Reactor, State, Type, Net Capacity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Nuclear Reactor, State, Type, Net Capacity, ... Quad Cities Generating Station River Bend San Onofre Seabrook Sequoyah South Texas Project St Lucie ...

430

The relationship between retail type and transportation emissions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study investigates the relationship between three types of retail, Big Box, traditional and online retail, and their transportation related emissions. The study takes a (more)

Vigder, Samantha

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

NASICON-Type Electrolytes for Low Temperature Sodium Battery ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, NASICON-Type Electrolytes for Low Temperature Sodium Battery Applications. Author(s), Hui Zhang, Xingbo Liu. On-Site Speaker ( Planned)...

432

What is the efficiency of different types of power plants ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average annual heat rates for specific types of fossil-fuel generators and nuclear power plants for most recent year available.

433

Figure 77. Electricity generation capacity additions by fuel type ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 77. Electricity generation capacity additions by fuel type, including combined heat and power, 2012-2040 (gigawatts) Coal

434

Candidate Biomarkers for Type 1 Diabetes - PNNL: Available ...  

Summary. Researchers at PNNL have discovered a new method for potentially predicting the onset of type 1 diabetes with more consistency. Until now, ...

435

Figure 6. Type of Homes by Insulation, 2001  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home >>Residential Home Page>>Insulation > Figure 6. Type of Homes by Insulation, 2001. To Top. Contacts: Specific questions may be directed to:

436

ENERGY STAR score details by property type | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

property type Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy...

437

Idaho Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Retail Sales by Refiners ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Idaho Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Refiner Sales Volumes; Idaho Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, ...

438

List of Portfolio Manager property types, definitions, and use...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

types, definitions, and use details Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new...

439

TYPE OF OPERATION R Research & Development T& Facility Type  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

--____ --____ R Research & Development T& Facility Type 0 Production scale testing a Pilat scale Y-. Bench Scale Process i Theoretical Studies Sample & Analysis 0 Productian 0 Disposal/Storage a Research Organization a Government 0 Other Sponsored i F[fa' tty ------__------__ I Prime 5 Subcontractor 0 Purchase Order a Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit p CgNTRACTING PERIOD: L.&G , PX& & cx LFkoL ~~~~~~~~~----------_ __ _______ OWNERSH; P: AEC/MED AEC/MED GOVT GOVT CONTRACTOR Cot+ "ACTOR OWNED LEASED ----- -----_ w!ET) C_EtlSLE ~~s!_NE!?~~ z L ACZD -------- - LANDS a BUILDINGS 0 EQUIPMENT u ORE OR RAW MATL FINAL PRODUCT f i ; : ' 0 WASTE .% RESIDLIE q 0 G G &EC/NED INVOLVEtiE?4T AT SITE .--------_------___~~~~~~~-- ,I

440

Heterotic type IIA duality with fluxes - towards the complete story  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we study the heterotic type IIA duality when fluxes are turned on. We show that many of the known fluxes are dual to each other and claim that certain fluxes on the heterotic side require that the type IIA picture is lifted to M or even F-theory compactifications with geometric fluxes.

Andrei Micu

2010-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

On Type IIA geometries dual to N = 2 SCFTs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide explicit solutions of Type IIA supergravity which are believed to be dual to N = 2 superconformal four dimensional gauge theories. These explicit solutions are based on the general ansatz for such a type of backgrounds introduced by Gaiotto and Maldacena.

R. A. Reid-Edwards; B. Stefanski jr

2010-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

442

The first known type (7,1) amicable pair  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Amicable pairs of type (i, 1) have been the object of special search partly because they breed other amicable pairs. Examples exist for i = 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. In this paper we exhibit the first known type (7, 1) pair. Keywords: amicable pairs

Mariano Garcia

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Integration of a security type system into a program logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Type systems and program logics are often conceived to be at opposing ends of the spectrum of formal software analyses. In this paper we show that a flow-sensitive type system ensuring non-interference in a simple while language can be expressed through ...

Reiner Hhnle; Jing Pan; Philipp Rmmer; Dennis Walter

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Twin boundary cavitation in aged type 304 stainless steel  

SciTech Connect

A transition from grain to twin boundary cavitation was observed in aged- and-creep-tested type 304 stainless steel. Evidence of twin boundary cavitation has also been observed for unaged material under certain test conditions. This same behavior was also found in aged type 316 stainless steel. Several possible reasons have been suggested for the absence of frequently observed grain boundary cavitation. (auth)

Sikka, V.K.; Swindeman, R.W.; Brinkman, C.R.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Synoptic Weather Types for the Ross Sea Region, Antarctica  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synoptic classifications over the Southern Ocean in the Ross Sea region of Antarctica (50SAntarctic coast, 150E90W) have been derived from NCEP reanalysis data (19792011), producing a set of six synoptic types for the region. These types ...

Lana Cohen; Sam Dean; James Renwick

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Typed Common Intermediate Format Dept. of Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FLINT, to model the semantics and interactions of vari­ ous language­specific features. FLINT is based of primitive types and functions. FLINT provides a common compiler infrastructure that can be quickly adapted system, FLINT serves as a great platform for reasoning about cross­ language interoperations. FLINT types

447

Annotation-less Unit Type Inference for C  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Types in programming languages are crucial for catching errors at compile-time. Similarly, in scientific applications, the units system forms a type discipline because a correct equation must necessarily include terms with units that are equivalent on both sides. Many scientific and numerically-oriented programs are written in C, but the language provides no support for attaching units to variables. Thus, programmers

Philip Guo; Stephen Mccamant

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Encapsulating Objects with Confined Types Christian Grothoff1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or protected) is of a confined type. This applies to all non-confined types in the package. Rule C4 prevents the result of the single package structure of the program. Predictably, programs with very few package-scoped to protect their members, but are exported outside of the package. Summary Even though confinement violations

Palsberg, Jens

449

Short Circuit Current Contribution for Different Wind Turbine Generator Types  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An important aspect of wind power plant (WPP) impact studies is to evaluate the short circuit (SC) current contribution of the plant into the transmission network under different fault conditions. This task can be challenging to protection engineers due to the topology differences between different types of wind turbine generators (WTGs) and the conventional generating units. This paper represents simulation results for short circuit current contribution for different types of WTGs obtained through transient analysis using generic WTG models. The obtained waveforms are analyzed to explain the behavior, such as peak values and rate of decay, of the WTG. The effect of fault types and location, and the effect of the control algorithms of power converters on SC current contribution are investigated. It is shown that the response of the WPP to faults will vary based on the type of the installed WTGs. While in Type 1 and Type 2 WTGs, short circuit current will be determined by the physical characteristics of the induction generator, the contribu-tion of Type 3 and Type 4 WTG will be mostly characterized by the power converters control algorithms which are usually considered proprietary information by the wind turbine manufacturers.

Muljadi, E.; Samaan, Nader A.; Gevorgian, Vahan; Li, Jun; Pasupulati, Subbaiah

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

450

Burning Thermals in Type Ia Supernovae A. J. Aspden1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Burning Thermals in Type Ia Supernovae A. J. Aspden1 , J. B. Bell1 , S. Dong2 , and S. E. Woosley2 ABSTRACT We develop a one-dimensional theoretical model for thermals burning in Type Ia supernovae based for the burning and for the expansion of the thermal due to changes in the background stratification found

Bell, John B.

451

Uncertainty measures for general Type-2 fuzzy sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Five uncertainty measures have previously been defined for interval Type-2 fuzzy sets (IT2 FSs), namely centroid, cardinality, fuzziness, variance and skewness. Based on a recently developed @a-plane representation for a general T2 FS, this paper generalizes ... Keywords: ?-Plane representation, Cardinality, Centroid, Fuzziness, Skewness, Type-2 fuzzy sets, Uncertainty measures, Variance

Daoyuan Zhai; Jerry M. Mendel

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Property:Description of Camera Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Camera Types Camera Types Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Description of Camera Types Property Type Text Pages using the property "Description of Camera Types" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Alden Large Flume + fully-submersible; multiplexor for four cameras; digital recording from all cameras; digital handheld Alden Small Flume + fully-submersible; multiplexor for four cameras; digital recording from all cameras; digital handheld Alden Tow Tank + Fully-submersible; multiplexor for four cameras; digital recording from all cameras; digital handheld Alden Wave Basin + Fully-submersible; multiplexor for four cameras; digital recording from all cameras; digital handheld C Conte Large Flume + Conventional underwater video, 4; high speed (1000 fps), 1

453

Property:Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Property Type Page Pages using the property "Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1.5-ft Wave Flume Facility + Flume + 10-ft Wave Flume Facility + Flume + 11-ft Wave Flume Facility + Flume + 2 2-ft Flume Facility + Flume + 3 3-ft Wave Flume Facility + Flume + 5 5-ft Wave Flume Facility + Flume + 6 6-ft Wave Flume Facility + Flume + A Alden Large Flume + Flume + Alden Small Flume + Flume + Alden Tow Tank + Tow Tank + Alden Wave Basin + Wave Basin + B Breakwater Research Facility + Wave Basin + Bucknell Hydraulic Flume + Flume + C Carderock 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + Tunnel +

454

Rules and Regulations Governing Geophysical, Seismic or Other Type  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rules and Regulations Governing Geophysical, Seismic or Other Type Rules and Regulations Governing Geophysical, Seismic or Other Type Exploration on State-Owned Lands Other Than State-Owned Marine Waters (Mississippi) Rules and Regulations Governing Geophysical, Seismic or Other Type Exploration on State-Owned Lands Other Than State-Owned Marine Waters (Mississippi) < Back Eligibility Commercial Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Program Info State Mississippi Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Mississippi Development Authority The Rules and Regulations Governing Geophysical, seismic or Other Type Exploration on State-Owned Lands Other than State-Owned Marine Waters is applicable to the Natural Gas Sector and the Coal with CCS Sector. This law

455

Category:Rules, Regulations & Policies Incentive Types | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rules, Regulations & Policies Incentive Types Rules, Regulations & Policies Incentive Types Jump to: navigation, search Rules, Regulations and Policies Types. Pages in category "Rules, Regulations & Policies Incentive Types" The following 15 pages are in this category, out of 15 total. A Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards B Building Energy Codes E Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Energy Standards for Public Buildings Equipment Certification Requirements G Green Power Purchasing I Interconnection Standards L Line Extension Analysis M Mandatory Utility Green Power Option N Net Metering P Public Benefit Funds R Renewables Portfolio Standards S Solar and Wind Permitting Standards Solar/Wind Access Policy Solar/Wind Contractor Licensing Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Rules,_Regulations_%26_Policies_Incentive_Types&oldid=390305

456

IDENTIFYING FRACTURES AND FLUID TYPES USING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IDENTIFYING FRACTURES AND FLUID TYPES USING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY IDENTIFYING FRACTURES AND FLUID TYPES USING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: IDENTIFYING FRACTURES AND FLUID TYPES USING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Fluid Inclusion Stratigraphy (FIS) is a method currently being developed for use in geothermal systems to identify fractures and fluid types. This paper is the third in a series of papers on the development of FIS. Fluid inclusion gas chemistry is analyzed and plotted on well log diagrams. The working hypothesis is that select gaseous species and species ratios indicate areas of groundwater and reservoir fluid flow and reservoir seals. Previously we showed that FIS analyses identify fluid types and

457

Specializing Type-Indexed Values by Partial Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Generic Haskell programming language allows functions to be defined by induction on the structure of data types. This gives rise to generic functions which can be applied to values of any conceivable data type. Compiling a Generic Haskell program amounts to generating a Haskell program in which all generic functions have been translated to ordinary Haskell functions. Since the Haskell language only allows functions to be defined on the values of a data type, translating generic functions defined on the structure of data types is not straightforward. The application of a generic function to a value involves specializing the function to the type of its parameter. For every distinct specialization of a generic function in a Generic Haskell program, an ordinary Haskell function is generated in the compilation process. Hence, the compilation of a generic function will typically yield several ordinary functions. The current method that is used to translate specializations is rather unsophisticated.

Martijn De Vries

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

On reactor type comparisons for the next generation of reactors  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we present a broad comparison of studies for a selected set of parameters for different nuclear reactor types including the next generation. This serves as an overview of key parameters which provide a semi-quantitative decision basis for selecting nuclear strategies. Out of a number of advanced reactor designs of the LWR type, gas cooled type, and FBR type, currently on the drawing board, the Advanced Light Water Reactors (ALWR) seem to have some edge over other types of the next generation of reactors for the near-term application. This is based on a number of attributes related to the benefit of the vast operating experience with LWRs coupled with an estimated low risk profile, economics of scale, degree of utilization of passive systems, simplification in the plant design and layout, modular fabrication and manufacturing. 32 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

Alesso, H.P.; Majumdar, K.C.

1991-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

459

By Type of STI | Scientific and Technical Information Program  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Type of STI Type of STI Print page Print page Email page Email page STI Types are provided to OSTI using various announcement options and transmission methods. Some STI types are always required to be submitted or made available via a unique URL, while other STI types may only be announced to OSTI (commercially published and copyrighted). In cases where an announcement notice is acceptable, information regarding the STI Product's availability is required. DOE Programs should have an established format for providing STI to OSTI. If an established process does not exist, please email or telephone Kim Buckner at bucknerk@osti.gov or (865) 576-1228. Major Site/Facility Management Contractors have an established formal procedure for providing STI to OSTI. For more information, contact your

460

TYPE III RADIO BURSTS PERTURBED BY WEAK CORONAL SHOCKS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some type III bursts are observed to undergo sudden flux modifications, e.g., reductions and intensifications, when type III beams cross shocks in the upper corona or solar wind. First simulations are presented for type III bursts perturbed by weak coronal shocks, which type III beams traverse. The simulations incorporate spatially localized jumps in plasma density and electron and ion temperatures downstream of a shock. A shock is predicted to produce significant modulations to a type III burst: (1) a broadband flux reduction or frequency gap caused by the shock's density jump, (2) a narrowband flux intensification originating from where the downstream plasma density locally has a small gradient, (3) a possible intensification from the shock front or just upstream, and (4) changes in the frequency drift rate profile and the temporal evolution of radiation flux at frequencies corresponding to the shocked plasma. The modulations are caused primarily by fundamental modifications to the radiation processes in response to the shocked density and temperatures. The predicted intensifications and reductions appear qualitatively consistent with the available small number of reported observations, although it is unclear how representative these observations are. It is demonstrated that a weak shock can cause an otherwise radio-quiet type III beam to produce observable levels of narrowband radio emission. The simulations suggest that type III bursts with frequency-time fine structures may provide a tool to probe shocks in the corona and solar wind, especially for weak shocks that do not radiate by themselves.

Li, B.; Cairns, Iver H. [School of Physics, University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006 (Australia)

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Property:CBECSBuildingTypeName | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:CBECSBuildingTypeName Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. The allowed values for this property are: Education Food Sales Food Service Health Care (Inpatient) Health Care (Outpatient) Lodging Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) Mercantile (Enclosed and Strip Malls) Office Public Assembly Public Order and Safety Religious Worship Service Warehouse and Storage Other Vacant Pages using the property "CBECSBuildingTypeName" Showing 16 pages using this property. E Education + Education + F Food Sales + Food Sales + Food Service + Food Service + H Health Care (Inpatient) + Health Care (Inpatient) + Health Care (Outpatient) + Health Care (Outpatient) + L Lodging + Lodging +

462

Announcement Notice Options By STI Type | Scientific and Technical  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Notices Notices Announcement Notice Options By STI Type Print page Print page Email page Email page The following list provides basic information regarding which announcement notice should be used by which audience for the various types of STI. For more information, see Submittal Basics. Announcement Options STI Product Types Announcement Notice Audiences AN 241.1 Web Version AN 241.1 Transmission Option Books/Monographs (non-copyrighted) Books/Monographs (copyrighted) Conference Papers/Presentations/Proceedings (non-copyrighted Conference Papers/Presentations/Proceedings (copyrighted) Journal Article Reprints (announcement notice only with adequate information to enable linking via Digital Object Identifier (DOI)) Journal Articles - Accepted manuscript Patents Program Documents

463

Flow equivalence of shifts of finite type via positive factorizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Together with M. Boyle and D. Huang (2000), this paper gives an alternate development of the Huang classification of shifts of finite type up to flow equivalence, and provides additionalfunctorialinformation, used to analyze the action of the mapping class group of the mapping torus of a shift of finite type on the isotopy futures group, which is introduced here. For a shift of finite type ?A, this group is isomorphic to the Bowen-Franks group cok(I ?A). The action on the isotopy futures group of a subshift is the flow equivalence analogue of the dimension group representation.

Mike Boyle

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Late Light Curves of Normally-Luminous Type Ia Supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of Type Ia supernovae as cosmological tools has reinforced the need to better understand these objects and their light curves. The light curves of Type Ia supernovae are powered by the nuclear decay of $^{56}Ni \\to ^{56}Co \\to ^{56}Fe$. The late time light curves can provide insight into the behavior of the decay products and their effect of the shape of the curves. We present the optical light curves of six "normal" Type Ia supernovae, obtained at late times with template image subtraction, and the fits of these light curves to supernova energy deposition models.

J. C. Lair; M. D. Leising; P. A. Milne; G. G. Williams

2006-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

465

Nonlocal Operators, Parabolic-type Equations, and Ultrametric Random Walks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we introduce a new type of nonlocal operators and study the Cauchy problem for certain parabolic-type pseudodifferential equations naturally associated to these operators. Some of these equations are the p-adic master equations of certain models of complex systems introduced by Avetisov et al. The fundamental solutions of these parabolic-type equations are transition functions of random walks on the n-dimensional vector space over the field of p-adic numbers. We study some properties of these random walks, including the first passage time.

L. F. Chacn-Cortes; W. A. Ziga-Galindo

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

466

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

proposes to remove approximately 27,000 gallons of oil from its Mead Substation transformer KU2A, repair oil leaks on the transformer and replace nine U-type transformer...

467

CX-010674: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

proposes to remove approximately 27,000 gallons of oil from its Mead Substation transformer KU2A, repair oil leaks on the transformer and replace nine U-type transformer...

468

Compare All CBECS Activities: Fuel Oil Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuel Oil Use Compare Activities by ... Fuel Oil Use Total Fuel Oil Consumption by Building Type Commercial buildings in the U.S. used a total of approximately 1.3 billion gallons...

469

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Premium All Grades Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales...

470

Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales...

471

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Premium All Grades Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales...

472

X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales...

473

untitled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

greater than the 600-mile cycles and the miles per gallon results are based on actual miles driven. This testing provides a broad view of fuel use over nine types of driving...

474

Microsoft Word - B5D7DEEC.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Three types of 19 percent aqueous NH 3 spills were simulated: a 400-pound (181-kilograms) leak from a valve, an uncontained 23.1-ton (21-metric ton) (6,000-gallon...

475

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type ... (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... 63.4 63.0 59.6 48.1 44.9 49.9 1999 ...

476

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type (Million Gallons per Day) Year Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users...

477

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale...

478

The type of calligraphy : writing, print, and technologies of the Arabic alphabet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Press. Hudson, James. 2002. Unicode, From Text to Type. In Language, Culture, Type:International Type Design in the Age of Unicode, edited by

Osborn, J. R. (Wayne)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Tension Type Headache in Adolescence and Childhood: Where Are We Now?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

010-0149-z Tension Type Headache in Adolescence andSpringerlink.com Abstract Tension type headache (TTH) is aand adolescence. Keywords Tension-type headache . Migraine .

Monteith, Teshamae S.; Sprenger, Till

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

U.S. Exports of Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel (Thousand Barrels per Day)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Exports; Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Exports by Destination; Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Supply and Disposition ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types gasoline-equivalent gallons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Property:Buildings/ModelBuildingType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Buildings/ModelBuildingType Buildings/ModelBuildingType Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. It links to pages that use the form Buildings Model. Education Food Sales Food Service Health Care (Inpatient) Health Care (Outpatient) Lodging Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) Mercantile (Enclosed and Strip Malls) Office Public Assembly Public Order and Safety Religious Worship Service Warehouse and Storage Other Vacant Pages using the property "Buildings/ModelBuildingType" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline + Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) +

482

Renewable Energy Opportunities by Renovation Type | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Opportunities by Renovation Type Renewable Energy Opportunities by Renovation Type Renewable Energy Opportunities by Renovation Type October 16, 2013 - 4:56pm Addthis Renewable energy opportunities should be considered and identified in the earliest stages of Federal project planning and the team should assess the renewable energy options based on the type of renovation for the facility prior to making any significant decisions about the building design and goals. Integrating renewable energy into major renovations follows the same processes in design as for other construction projects. However, renovations will necessarily be more limited in some design choices related to renewable energy, such as site selection and building orientation. This section of the Guide attempts to give a first step in understanding the

483

Tankless or Demand-Type Water Heaters | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tankless or Demand-Type Water Heaters Tankless or Demand-Type Water Heaters Tankless or Demand-Type Water Heaters May 2, 2012 - 6:47pm Addthis Diagram of a tankless water heater. Diagram of a tankless water heater. How does it work? Tankless water heaters deliver hot water as it is needed, eliminating the need for storage tanks. Tankless water heaters, also known as demand-type or instantaneous water heaters, provide hot water only as it is needed. They don't produce the standby energy losses associated with storage water heaters, which can save you money. Here you'll find basic information about how they work, whether a tankless water heater might be right for your home, and what criteria to use when selecting the right model. Check out the Energy Saver 101: Water Heating infographic to learn if a tankless water heater is right for you.

484

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large office | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large office Large office Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large office Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-large_office.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-large_office.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-large_office.zip More Documents & Publications Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel

485

Property:Buildings/ModelType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ModelType ModelType Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. The allowed values for this property are: Baseline Minimum Cost Max Tech PV Takeoff Cost Neutral 30% Energy Savings 50% Energy Savings 70% Energy Savings Other Pages using the property "Buildings/ModelType" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + 50% Energy Savings + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline + Baseline + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + 50% Energy Savings + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline + Baseline + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + 50% Energy Savings + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami High Plug Load Baseline + Baseline +

486

Property:Buildings/ModelTargetType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ModelTargetType ModelTargetType Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. The allowed values for this property are: ASHRAE 90.1 2007 ASHRAE 90.1 2004 ASHRAE 189.1 LEED Pages using the property "Buildings/ModelTargetType" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + ASHRAE 90.1 2004 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline + ASHRAE 90.1 2004 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + ASHRAE 90.1 2004 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline + ASHRAE 90.1 2004 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + ASHRAE 90.1 2004 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami High Plug Load Baseline + ASHRAE 90.1 2004 +

487

Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Types of Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts October 7, 2013 - 2:17pm Addthis Several types of contracts are used as utility energy service contracts (UESCs). Many agency sites procure electricity services under a contract with the local utility, and most of these contracts have provisions that can also cover energy efficiency projects. Agencies not covered by such agreements may enter contracts with the utility for the sole purpose of implementing energy projects. Agency staff will want to first find out whether their facility is already covered under a UESC. Using an existing contract that is familiar to the agency and the utility is typically the most expeditious means of getting projects done. Areawide Contracts Areawide contracts (AWCs) are blanket contracts, which are essentially

488

MHK Technologies/Floating Duck Type Device | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Device Type Device < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Floating Duck Type Device.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4 Proof of Concept Technology Description Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion GIEC of Chinese Academy of Sciences CAS plans to build an isolated power system with renewable energy on Dawanshan Island Guangdong Province before August 2012 with total installed capacity of 500kW including 300kW from wave energy device and 200kW from wind turbine The design of 100kW floating duck type device charging process and special transporting boat has been completed and the scale prototype is testing Technology Dimensions

489

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large Hotel Large Hotel Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-large_hotel.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-large_hotel.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-large_hotel.zip More Documents & Publications Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Small Hotel

490

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Medium office | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Medium office Medium office Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Medium office Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-medium_office.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-medium_office.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-medium_office.zip More Documents & Publications Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large office

491

A new type of second order cosmological lagrangians  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate a possible connection between Galileon gravity and teleparallel gravity. We also propose a new type of second order cosmological lagrangian and study a some of its properties.

P. Tretyakov

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

492

Classes: an abstract data type facility for the C language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Language constructs for definition and use of abstract data types ease the design and maintenance of large programs. This paper describes the C class concept, an extension to the C language providing such constructs. A class is defined ...

Bjarne Stroustrup

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Tankless or Demand-Type Water Heaters | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

or Demand-Type Water Heaters May 2, 2012 - 6:47pm Addthis Diagram of a tankless water heater. Diagram of a tankless water heater. How does it work? Tankless water heaters deliver...

494

Modeling Study of a Tropical Squall-Type Convective Line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multidimensional and time-dependent cloud scale model is used to investigate the dynamic and micro-physical processes associated with convective and stratiform regions within a tropical squall-type convective line. The evolution of the total ...

Wei-Kuo Tao; Joanne Simpson

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Type-I Intermittency With Noise Versus Eyelet Intermittency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we compare the characteristics of two types of the intermittent behavior (type-I intermittency in the presence of noise and eyelet intermittency taking place in the vicinity of the chaotic phase synchronization boundary) supposed hitherto to be different phenomena. We show that these effects are the same type of dynamics observed under different conditions. The correctness of our conclusion is confirmed by the consideration of different sample systems, such as quadratic map, Van der Pol oscillator and Rossler system. Consideration of the problem concerning the upper boundary of the intermittent behavior also confirms the validity of the statement on the equivalence of type-I intermittency in the presence of noise and eyelet intermittency observed in the onset of phase synchronization.

Alexander E. Hramov; Alexey Koronovskii; Maria Kurovskaya; Olga Moskalenko

2013-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

497

Optimization Online - A probabilistic comparison of split and type 1 ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 1, 2010 ... A probabilistic comparison of split and type 1 triangle cuts for two row mixed- integer programs. Qie He(qie.he ***at*** gatech.edu) Shabbir...

498

Two Types of Wave Breaking in an Aquaplanet GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characteristics of two distinct types of wave breaking in an aquaplanet general circulation model (GCM) are described. A systematic analysis of wave breaking is possible because when a baroclinic wave packet is present, the wave breaking ...

Sukyoung Lee; Steven Feldstein

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Error Determination of a Successive Correction Type Objective Analysis Scheme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Purdue Regional Objective Analysis of the Mesoscale (PROAM) is a successive correction type scheme for the analysis of surface meteorological data. The scheme is subjected to a series of experiments to evaluate its performance under a variety ...

David R. Smith; Fred W. Leslie

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Type II Actions from 11-Dimensional Chern-Simons Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper continues the discussion of hep-th/0605038, applying the holographic formulation of self-dual theory to the Ramond-Ramond fields of type II supergravity. We formulate the RR partition function, in the presence of nontrivial H-fields, in terms of the wavefunction of an 11-dimensional Chern-Simons theory. Using the methods of hep-th/0605038 we show how to formulate an action principle for the RR fields of both type IIA and type IIB supergravity, in the presence of RR current. We find a new topological restriction on consistent backgrounds of type IIA supergravity, namely the fourth Wu class must have a lift to the H-twisted cohomology.

Dmitriy M. Belov; Gregory W. Moore

2006-11-02T23:59:59.000Z