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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

New York City Transit Hybrid and CNG Transit Buses: Final Evaluation Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the evaluation results for new Orion VII buses at NYCT with CNG propulsion and new hybrid propulsion.

Barnitt, R.; Chandler, K.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Optimization of a CNG series hybrid concept vehicle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) has favorable characteristics as a vehicular fuel, in terms of fuel economy as well as emissions. Using CNG as a fuel in a series hybrid vehicle has the potential of resulting in very high fuel economy (between 26 and 30 km/liter, 60 to 70 mpg) and very low emissions (substantially lower than Federal Tier II or CARB ULEV). This paper uses a vehicle evaluation code and an optimizer to find a set of vehicle parameters that result in optimum vehicle fuel economy. The vehicle evaluation code used in this analysis estimates vehicle power performance, including engine efficiency and power, generator efficiency, energy storage device efficiency and state-of-charge, and motor and transmission efficiencies. Eight vehicle parameters are selected as free variables for the optimization. The optimum vehicle must also meet two perfect requirements: accelerate to 97 km/h in less than 10 s, and climb an infinitely long hill with a 6% slope at 97 km/h with a 272 kg (600 lb.) payload. The optimizer used in this work was originally developed in the magnetic fusion energy program, and has been used to optimize complex systems, such as magnetic and inertial fusion devices, neutron sources, and mil guns. The optimizer consists of two parts: an optimization package for minimizing non-linear functions of many variables subject to several non-linear equality and/or inequality constraints and a programmable shell that allows interactive configuration and execution of the optimizer. The results of the analysis indicate that the CNG series hybrid vehicle has a high efficiency and low emissions. These results emphasize the advantages of CNG as a near-term alternative fuel for vehicles.

Aceves, S.M.; Smith, J.R.; Perkins, L.J.; Haney, S.W.; Flowers, D.L.

1995-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

3

New York City Transit Hybrid and CNG Transit Buses: Interim Evaluation Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report focuses on the evaluation of compressed natural gas (CNG) and diesel hybrid electric bus propulsion systems in New York City Transit's transit buses.

Chandler, K.; Eberts, E.; Eudy, L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

In-Use Performance Comparison of Hybrid Electric, CNG, and Diesel Buses at New York City Transit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) evaluated the performance of diesel, compressed natural gas (CNG), and hybrid electric (equipped with BAE Systems? HybriDrive propulsion system) transit buses at New York City Transit (NYCT). CNG, Gen I and Gen II hybrid electric propulsion systems were compared on fuel economy, maintenance and operating costs per mile, and reliability.

Barnitt, R. A.

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

New York City Transit Hybrid and CNG Transit Buses: Interim Evaluation Results  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

New York City Transit Hybrid New York City Transit Hybrid and CNG Transit Buses: Interim Evaluation Results K. Chandler and E. Eberts Battelle L. Eudy National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technical Report NREL/TP-540-38843 January 2006 New York City Transit Hybrid and CNG Transit Buses: Interim Evaluation Results K. Chandler and E. Eberts Battelle L. Eudy National Renewable Energy Laboratory Prepared under Task No. FC06.3000 Technical Report NREL/TP-540-38843 January 2006 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

6

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation

7

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation

8

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation

9

New York City Transit Hybrid and CNG Transit Buses: Interim Evaluation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CA Peterbilt378, Class 8 truck Cummins Westport ISXG high pressure direct injection LNG and diesel Complete and reported IndyGo Indianapolis, IN Ebus 22-ft bus Series hybrid,...

10

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax CNG is taxed at a rate of $0.10 per gallon when used as a motor fuel. CNG

11

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Permit Anyone dispensing CNG for use in vehicles must obtain a permit from the

12

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Dealer Permit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Dealer Permit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Dealer Permit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Dealer Permit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Dealer Permit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Dealer Permit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Dealer Permit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Dealer Permit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Dealer Permit

13

Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Study  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Study to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Study on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Study on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Study on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Study on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Study on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Study on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type State Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Study At the direction of the Alaska Legislature, the Department of

14

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Project Loans  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Project Loans to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Project Loans on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Project Loans on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Project Loans on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Project Loans on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Project Loans on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Project Loans on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Project Loans

15

CNG Delivery Vans  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

company delivers flowers in seven counties. Compared to diesel, the company finds CNG also reduces repair costs and produces a longer engine life. Now they are looking...

16

L/CNG - Refueling Systems  

INL has developed a LNG/CNG refueling process and method for dispensing liquefied natural gas (LNG), compressed natural gas (CNG) or both on demand. ...

17

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane and Compressed Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

18

Evaluation of Orion/BAE Hybrid Buses and Orion CNG Buses at New York City Transit: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper prepared for the 2005 American Public Transportation Association Bus & Paratransit Conference discusses the NREL/DOE evaluation of hybrid electric transit buses operated by New York City Transit.

Eudy, L.; Barnitt, R.; Chandler, K.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Hybrid type checking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phase distinctions in type theory. Manuscript, 1988. [10]Typechecking dependent types and subtypes. In Lecture notesF. Pfenning. Intersection types and computational effects.

Flanagan, C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Dealer License to someone by E-mail Dealer License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Safety and Regulatory Structure for CNG, CNG-Hydrogen, Hydrogen...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safety and Regulatory Structure for CNG CNG-H 2 , H 2 Vehicles and Fuels in China Prof. Jinyang Zheng Director of IPE, Zhejiang University Director of Engineering Research...

22

CNG, Hydrogen, CNG-Hydrogen Blends - Critical Fuel Properties...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5-192009; 1 Sandia National Laboratories CNG, H 2 , CNG-H 2 Blends - Critical Fuel Properties and Behavior Jay Keller, Sandia National Laboratories Keynote Lecture presented at:...

23

CNG | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CNG CNG Dataset Summary Description Alternative fueling stations are located throughout the United States and their availability continues to grow. The Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) maintains a website where you can find alternative fuels stations near you or on a route, obtain counts of alternative fuels stations by state, Source Alternative Fuels Data Center Date Released December 13th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated December 13th, 2010 (4 years ago) Keywords alt fuel alternative fuels alternative fuels stations biodiesel CNG compressed natural gas E85 Electricity ethanol hydrogen liquefied natural gas LNG liquefied petroleum gas LPG propane station locations Data text/csv icon alt_fuel_stations_apr_4_2012.csv (csv, 2.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed

24

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax to someone by E-mail Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax Retail sales for CNG and liquefied petroleum gas (propane) used to operate

25

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax and Permit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax and Permit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax and Permit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax and Permit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax and Permit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax and Permit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax and Permit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax and Permit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax and Permit

26

Hydrogen, CNG, and HCNG Dispenser System – Prototype Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is currently testing a prototype gaseous fuel dispenser developed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation (ETEC). The dispenser (Figure 1) delivers three types of fuels: 100% hydrogen, 100% compressed natural gas (CNG), and blends of hydrogen and CNG (HCNG) using two independent single nozzles (Figure 2). The nozzle for the 100% hydrogen dispensing is rated at 5,000 psig and used solely for 100% hydrogen fuel. The second nozzle is rated at 3,600 psig and is used for both CNG and HCNG fuels. This nozzle connects to both a CNG supply line and a hydrogen supply line and blends the hydrogen and CNG to supply HCNG levels of 15, 20, 30, and 50% (by volume).

James Francfort

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

An Endogenous RNA Transcript Antisense to CNG?1 Cation Channel mRNA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CNG channels are cyclic nucleotide-gated Ca 2 ?-permeable channels that are suggested to be involved in the activity-dependent alterations of synaptic strength that are thought to underlie information storage in the CNS. In this study, we isolated an endogenous RNA transcript antisense to CNG?1 mRNA. This transcript was capable of down-regulating the expression of sense CNG?1 intheXenopus oocyte expression system. RT-PCR, Northern blot, and in situ hybridization analyses showed that the transcript was coexpressed with CNG?1 mRNA in many regions of human brain, notably in those regions that were involved in long-term potentiation and long-term depression, such as hippocampal CA1 and CA3, dentate gyrus, and cerebellar Purkinje layer. Comparison of expression patterns between adult and fetal cerebral cortex revealed that there were concurrent developmental changes in the expression levels of anti-CNG1 and CNG?1. Treatment of human glioma cell T98 with thyroid hormone T 3 caused a significant increase in anti-CNG1 expression and a parallel decrease in sense CNG?1 expression. These data suggest that the suppression of CNG?1 expression by anti-CNG1 may play an important role in neuronal functions, especially in synaptic plasticity and cortical development. Endogenous antisense RNAmediated regulation may represent a new mechanism through which the activity of ion channels can be regulated in the human CNS.

Chin-hung Cheng; David Tai-wai Yew; Hiu-yee Kwan; Qing Zhou; Yong Liu; Wing-yee Chan; Xiaoqiang Yao; Keith R. Yamamoto

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Soviets' CNG technology promoted in U. S  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on compressed natural gas which continues to be a major player in the push for alternate motor fuels. A CNG program has been under way for 40 years in the U.S.S.R., and Moscow CNG research and development company Gaztop is soliciting U.S. interest in its natural gas fuel systems and vehicle converters. Elsewhere in U.S. CNH action: Pittsburgh has taken delivery of five CNG buses. The first mass produced CNG pickup truck in the U.S. was unveiled this month in Los Angeles. The nation's first public CNG refueling network opened this month in Texas.

Not Available

1991-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

29

Barwood CNG Cab Fleet Study: Final Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes a fleet study conducted over a 12-month period to evaluate the operation of dedicated compress natural gas (CNG) Ford Crown Victoria sedans in a taxicab fleet. In the study, we assess the performance and reliability of the vehicles and the cost of operating the CNG vehicles compared to gasoline vehicles. The study results reveal that the CNG vehicles operated by this fleet offer both economic and environmental advantages. The total operating costs of the CNG vehicles were about 25% lower than those of the gasoline vehicles. The CNG vehicles performed as well as the gasoline vehicles, and were just as reliable. Barwood representatives and drivers have come to consider the CNG vehicles an asset to their business and to the air quality of the local community.

Whalen, P.; Kelly, K.; John, M.

1999-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

30

Vehicle Modeling and Verification of CNG-Powered Transit Buses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling and Verification of CNG-Powered Transit BusesModeling and Verification of CNG-Powered Transit Buses.Modeling and Veri?cation of CNG-Powered Transit Buses J.K.

Hedrick, J. K.; Ni, A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Natural Gas - CNG & LNG  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Natural Gas Natural Gas Natural gas pump Natural gas, a fossil fuel comprised mostly of methane, is one of the cleanest burning alternative fuels. It can be used in the form of compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied natural gas (LNG) to fuel cars and trucks. Dedicated natural gas vehicles are designed to run on natural gas only, while dual-fuel or bi-fuel vehicles can also run on gasoline or diesel. Dual-fuel vehicles allow users to take advantage of the wide-spread availability of gasoline or diesel but use a cleaner, more economical alternative when natural gas is available. Since natural gas is stored in high-pressure fuel tanks, dual-fuel vehicles require two separate fueling systems, which take up passenger/cargo space. Natural gas vehicles are not available on a large scale in the U.S.-only

32

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Development to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Development on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Development on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Development on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Development on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Development on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Development on AddThis.com...

33

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Inspection to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Inspection on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Inspection on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Inspection on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Inspection on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Inspection on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Inspection on AddThis.com...

34

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Filling CNG Fuel Tanks  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Filling CNG Fuel Tanks Filling CNG Fuel Tanks to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Filling CNG Fuel Tanks on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Filling CNG Fuel Tanks on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Filling CNG Fuel Tanks on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Filling CNG Fuel Tanks on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Filling CNG Fuel Tanks on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Filling CNG Fuel Tanks on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Maintenance & Safety Fuel System & Cylinders Fuel Safety Traffic Accident Filling CNG Tanks Laws & Incentives Filling CNG Fuel Tanks Unlike liquid fuel, which consistently holds about the same volume of fuel

35

WA_1993_034_CONSOLIDATED_NATURAL_GAS_(CNG)_Waiver_of_Domesti...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1993034CONSOLIDATEDNATURALGAS(CNG)WaiverofDomesti.pdf WA1993034CONSOLIDATEDNATURALGAS(CNG)WaiverofDomesti.pdf WA1993034CONSOLIDATEDNATURALGAS(CNG)Waiverof...

36

Alternative Fuel Vehicles: The Case of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicles in California Households  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Infrastructure F. Current California CNG Vehicle UseCharacteristics of CNG Vehicles Review of Previous Studies/RP) Studies of AFVs/CNG Vehicles i. British Columbia, Canada

Abbanat, Brian A.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Alternative Fuel Vehicles: The Case of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicles in California Households  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VEHICLES: THE CASE OF COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS (CNG) VEHICLESyou first learn about compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles?VEHICLES: THE CASE OF COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS (CNG) VEHICLES

Abbanat, Brian A.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Smithtown Selects CNG Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs on AddThis.com... April 7, 2011 Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs

39

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Aftermarket Conversion Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Aftermarket Conversion Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Aftermarket Conversion Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Aftermarket Conversion Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Aftermarket Conversion Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Aftermarket Conversion Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed

40

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Reduced Compressed Reduced Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Lease - AGL to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Lease - AGL on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Lease - AGL on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Lease - AGL on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Lease - AGL on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure Lease - AGL on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Rebate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Rebate - Metropolitan Utilities District to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Rebate - Metropolitan Utilities District on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Rebate - Metropolitan Utilities District on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Rebate - Metropolitan Utilities District on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Rebate - Metropolitan Utilities District on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Rebate - Metropolitan Utilities District on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed

42

UPS CNG Truck Fleet Final Report  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

® ® ® ® ® ® ® ® Clean Air Natural Gas Vehicle This is a Clean Air Natural Gas Vehicle This is a UPS CNG Truck Fleet UPS CNG Truck Fleet UPS CNG Truck Fleet Final results Final Results Produced for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), a DOE national laboratory Alternative Fuel Trucks DOE/NREL Truck Evaluation Project By Kevin Chandler, Battelle Kevin Walkowicz, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Nigel Clark, West Virginia University Acknowledgments This evaluation would not have been possible without the cooperation, support, and responsiveness of the staff at UPS in Hartford and Atlanta. Thanks are due to the following UPS personnel: On-Site Headquarters Tom Robinson Ken Henrie Bill Jacob Rick Rufolo

43

CNG and Hydrogen Tank Safety, R&D, and Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.10.2009 | Presented by Joe Wong, P.Eng. CNG & Hydrogen Tank Safety, R&D, and Testing > Powertech Labs Inc. 1 PRESENTATION OBJECTIVES Present experience from CNG in-service...

44

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Atlanta Airport Converts Shuttles to CNG  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Atlanta Airport Atlanta Airport Converts Shuttles to CNG to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Atlanta Airport Converts Shuttles to CNG on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Atlanta Airport Converts Shuttles to CNG on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Atlanta Airport Converts Shuttles to CNG on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Atlanta Airport Converts Shuttles to CNG on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Atlanta Airport Converts Shuttles to CNG on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Atlanta Airport Converts Shuttles to CNG on AddThis.com... Sept. 9, 2012 Atlanta Airport Converts Shuttles to CNG L earn how an Atlanta company saves money and conserves fuel with compressed natural gas airport shuttles.

45

Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Fuel System and Cylinder Maintenance  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

CNG Fuel System and CNG Fuel System and Cylinder Maintenance to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Fuel System and Cylinder Maintenance on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Fuel System and Cylinder Maintenance on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Fuel System and Cylinder Maintenance on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Fuel System and Cylinder Maintenance on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Fuel System and Cylinder Maintenance on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Fuel System and Cylinder Maintenance on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Maintenance & Safety

46

Successful Adoption of CNG and Energing CNG-Hydrogen Program in India  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Narendra Kumar Pal Narendra Kumar Pal Research Scholar, University of Nevada, Reno Successful Adoption of CNG and Emerging CNG-H 2 Program in India US DOT and DOE Workshop Compressed Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuels: Lesson Learned for the Safe Development of Vehicles Washington DC, December, 10-11, 2009 Content * Background - CNG Implementation - IPHE - The Planning Commission of India - MP&NG - Hydrogen Corpus Fund - MNRE - National Hydrogen Energy Roadmap * Major Initiatives - Initiatives by MoP&NG - Indian Oil's Initiatives * International Workshop * Infrastructure Setup - IOC R&D Centre, Faridabad - IOC Retail Outlet, Dwarka, New Delhi * Developmental / Demonstration Projects - MNRE's Initiatives - Initiatives by Automobile Sector * Other programs 1. CNG Program Implementation

47

Safety and Regulatory Structure for CNG, CNG-Hydrogen Vehicles and Fuels in India  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CNG,CNG-H2 Vehicles and Fuels CNG,CNG-H2 Vehicles and Fuels in India December 10-11, 2009 Ambrish Mishra Director (Marketing Operations) Oil Industry safety Directorate Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas Government Of India email : ambrish.mishra@gov.in OISD 2 1. Refineries: 17 PSU + 3 Private 2. POL Storage (PSU): More than 400 3. LPG storage and Bottling Plant (PSU): 179 4. Others Gas processing Plants of GAIL and ONGC OISD 3 Major Statutory Authorities and Norms 1. Petroleum and Safety Organization (PESO) A) Petroleum rules under Petroleum Act (1934) by MOPN&G B) Various Rules (Gas Cylinder Rules and SMPV etc) under the Explosives Act under Ministry of Commerce and Industry C)To exercise some provision of Environment Act 2. Chief Inspector of Factories of Respective State A) Factories Rules under Factories Act of Ministry of Labour

48

DOE News Release - DOE completes 1 million miles of hybrid electric...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on 100 percent hydrogen, and various blends of hydrogen and compressed natural gas (CNG). The use of hybrid electric vehicles and hydrogen and hydrogenCNG fuels reduces the...

49

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

50

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deregulation of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Deregulation of Deregulation of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) as a Motor Fuel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deregulation of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) as a Motor Fuel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deregulation of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) as a Motor Fuel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deregulation of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) as a Motor Fuel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deregulation of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) as a Motor Fuel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deregulation of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) as a Motor Fuel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deregulation of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) as a Motor Fuel on AddThis.com...

51

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority on AddThis.com...

52

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deregulation of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Deregulation of Deregulation of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) as a Motor Fuel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deregulation of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) as a Motor Fuel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deregulation of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) as a Motor Fuel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deregulation of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) as a Motor Fuel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deregulation of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) as a Motor Fuel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deregulation of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) as a Motor Fuel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Deregulation of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) as a Motor Fuel on AddThis.com...

53

Dodge B2500 dedicated CNG van  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is promoting the use of alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). To support this activity, DOE has directed the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to conduct projects to evaluate the performance and acceptability of light-duty AFVs. The authors tested a 1999 B2500 dedicated CNG Ram Wagon with a 5.2L V8 engine. The vehicle was run through a series of tests explained briefly in this fact sheet.

Eudy, L.

2000-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

54

Fuel Economy of Hybrids, Diesels, and Alternative Fuel Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

You are here: Find a Car - Home > Hybrids, Diesels, and Alternative Fuel You are here: Find a Car - Home > Hybrids, Diesels, and Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hybrids, Diesels, and Alternative Fuel Vehicles Search by Vehicle Type 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 Select Vehicle Type Diesel Electric Ethanol-Gasoline Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Natural Gas Bifuel Natural Gas Bifuel Propane Go More Search Options Browse New Cars Hybrid Vehicles Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Battery Electric Vehicles Diesel Vehicles Flex-Fuel Vehicles CNG Vehicles Related Information How Hybrid Vehicles Work How Fuel Cell Vehicles Work MotorWeek Videos Compare Hybrids Compare Diesels Extreme MPG Tax Incentive Information Center Alternative Fuel Station Locator Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Data Center | Share I want to... Compare Side-by-Side

55

SuperShuttle CNG Fleet Evaluation--Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The mission of the US Department of Energy's Office of Transportation Technologies is to promote the development and deployment of transportation technologies that reduce US dependence on foreign oil, while helping to improve the nation's air quality and promoting US competitiveness. In support of this mission, DOE has directed the National Renewable Energy Laboratory to conduct projects to evaluate the performance and acceptability of alternative fuel vehicles. NREL has undertaken several fleet study projects, which seek to provide objective real-world fleet experiences with AFVs. For this type of study we collect, analyze, and report on operational, cost, emissions, and performance data from AFVs being driven in a fleet application. The primary purpose of such studies is to make real-world information on AFVs available to fleet managers and other potential AFV purchasers. For this project, data was collected from 13 passenger vans operating in the Boulder/Denver, Colorado area. The study vehicles were all 1999 Ford E-350 passenger vans based at SuperShuttle's Boulder location. Five of the vans were dedicated CNG, five were bi-fuel CNG/gasoline, and three were standard gasoline vans that were used for comparison.

Eudy, L.

2000-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

56

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Conversion Loans - Allegiance Credit Union to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Conversion Loans - Allegiance Credit Union on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Conversion Loans - Allegiance Credit Union on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Conversion Loans - Allegiance Credit Union on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Conversion Loans - Allegiance Credit Union on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Conversion Loans - Allegiance Credit Union on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed

57

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Electricity  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Electricity Tax Exemption for Transit Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Electricity Tax Exemption for Transit Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Electricity Tax Exemption for Transit Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Electricity Tax Exemption for Transit Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Electricity Tax Exemption for Transit Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Electricity Tax Exemption for Transit Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed

58

Hydrogen, CNG, and HHCNG Dispenser System - Prototye Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Hydrogen, CNG, and HCNG Dispenser System - Prototype Report TECHNICAL REPORT Don Karner Scott...

59

Vehicle Modeling and Verification of CNG-Powered Transit Buses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by Compressed Natural Gas. . . . . . . . .. . 2 Internalbuses powered by compressed natural gas (CNG) engines. ThisBus Powered by Compressed Natural Gas The remainder of the

Hedrick, J. K.; Ni, A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Ford F250 Dedicated CNG Pickup  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is encouraging the use of alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). To support this activity, DOE has directed the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to conduct projects to evaluate the performance and acceptability of light-duty AFVs. In this study, we tested a pair of 1998 Ford F-250 pickups: one dedicated compressed natural gas (CNG) model and a gasoline model as closely matched as possible. Each vehicle was run through a series of tests to evaluate acceleration, fuel economy, braking, and cold-start capabilities, as well as more subjective performance indicators such as handling, climate control, and noise.

Eudy, L.

1999-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Modeling and Computation of Signal Transduction of Olfactory Cilia with Non-Uniform CNG and Cl and Cl(Ca) Channels Distributions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Olfactory cilia are the first components for signal transduction in the sensory system. The cilia contain two ion channel types cyclic-nucleotide-gated (CNG) and Ca2+2-gated Cl-… (more)

Badamdorj, Dorjsuren

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Survey for the development of compressed natural gas systems (CNG) for vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) vehicles have been used internationally by fleets for decades. The use of CNG vehicles results in less petroleum consumption, resulting in… (more)

Abulamosha, A.M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Alternative Carriers For Remote Renewable Energy Sources Using Existing Cng  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carriers For Remote Renewable Energy Sources Using Existing Cng Carriers For Remote Renewable Energy Sources Using Existing Cng Infrastructure Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Alternative Carriers For Remote Renewable Energy Sources Using Existing Cng Infrastructure Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Optimal locations of renewable energy sources are often remote relative to consumers and electricity grids. In contrast, some existing CNG pipelines pass through optimal renewable energy harvesting regions. The growing interest in the possibility of using geothermal energy in central Australia has created a need to assess the economic, technical, and environmental viability of converting remote renewable energy to fuel for transport using existing CNG pipelines, and to compare this alternative

64

COMPARISON OF CLEAN DIESEL BUSES TO CNG BUSES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using previously published data on regulated and unregulated emissions, this paper will compare the environmental performance of current generation transit buses operated on compressed natural gas (CNG) to current generation transit buses operated on ultra low sulfur diesel fuel (ULSD) and incorporating diesel particulate filters (DPF). Unregulated emissions evaluated include toxic compounds associated with adverse health effects (carbonyl, PAH, NPAH, benzene) as well as PM particle count and size distribution. For all regulated and unregulated emissions, both technologies are shown to be comparable. DPF equipped diesel buses and CNG buses have virtually identical levels of PM mass emissions and particle number emissions. DPF-equipped diesel buses have lower HC and CO emissions and lower emissions of toxic substances such as benzene, carbonyls and PAHs than CNG buses. CNG buses have lower NOx emissions than DPF-equipped buses, though CNG bus NOx emissions are shown to be much more variable. In addition, this paper will compare the capital and operating costs of CNG and DPF-equipped buses. The cost comparison is primarily based on the experience of MTA New York City Transit in operating CNG buses since 1995 and DPF-equipped buses fueled with ULSD since 2001. Published data on the experience of other large transit agencies in operating CNG buses is used to validate the NYCT experience. The incremental cost (compared to ''baseline'' diesel) of operating a typical 200-bus depot is shown to be six times higher for CNG buses than for ''clean diesel'' buses. The contributors to this increased cost for CNG buses are almost equally split between increased capital costs for purchase of buses and installation of fueling infrastructure, and increased operating costs for purchase of fuel, bus maintenance, and fuel station maintenance.

Lowell, D.; Parsley, W.; Bush,C; Zupo, D.

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

65

Hydrogen effects on materials for CNG/H2 blends.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

No concerns for Hydrogen-Enriched Compressed Natural gas (HCNG) in steel storage tanks if material strength is CNG) (e.g., CO) may provide extrinsic mechanism for mitigating H{sub 2}-assisted fatigue cracking in steel tanks.

Farese, David (Air Products, USA); Keller, Jay O.; Somerday, Brian P.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Refuse Haulers Do Heavy Lifting in New  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

CNG Refuse Haulers Do CNG Refuse Haulers Do Heavy Lifting in New York to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Refuse Haulers Do Heavy Lifting in New York on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Refuse Haulers Do Heavy Lifting in New York on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Refuse Haulers Do Heavy Lifting in New York on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Refuse Haulers Do Heavy Lifting in New York on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Refuse Haulers Do Heavy Lifting in New York on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Refuse Haulers Do Heavy Lifting in New York on AddThis.com... Nov. 13, 2010 CNG Refuse Haulers Do Heavy Lifting in New York W atch how Smithtown uses compressed natural gas trash haulers to combat the

67

Alternative fuel information: Facts about CNG and LPG conversion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As new environmental and energy related laws begin to take effect, increasing numbers of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) will be required in federal, state, municipal, and private fleets across the country. The National Energy Policy Act of 1992 and the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, along with several new state and local laws, will require fleet managers to either purchase original equipment manufacturer (OEM) vehicles, which are produced by automakers, or convert existing vehicles to run on alternative fuels. Because there is a limited availability and selection of OEM vehicles, conversions are seen as a transition to the time when automakers will produce more AFVs for public sale. A converted vehicle is any vehicle that originally was designed to operate on gasoline, and has been altered to run on an alternative fuel such as compressed natural gas (CNG) or propane (liquefied petroleum gas -- LPG), the two most common types of fuel conversions. In the United States, more than 25,000 vehicles already have been converted to COG, and 300,000 have been converted to LPG.

O`Connor, K.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Shuttles Save Fuel Costs for R&R  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

CNG Shuttles Save Fuel CNG Shuttles Save Fuel Costs for R&R Limousine and Bus to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Shuttles Save Fuel Costs for R&R Limousine and Bus on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Shuttles Save Fuel Costs for R&R Limousine and Bus on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Shuttles Save Fuel Costs for R&R Limousine and Bus on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Shuttles Save Fuel Costs for R&R Limousine and Bus on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Shuttles Save Fuel Costs for R&R Limousine and Bus on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: CNG Shuttles Save Fuel Costs for R&R Limousine and Bus on AddThis.com... June 1, 2013

69

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Happy Cab Fuels Taxi Fleet With CNG  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Happy Cab Fuels Taxi Happy Cab Fuels Taxi Fleet With CNG to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Happy Cab Fuels Taxi Fleet With CNG on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Happy Cab Fuels Taxi Fleet With CNG on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Happy Cab Fuels Taxi Fleet With CNG on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Happy Cab Fuels Taxi Fleet With CNG on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Happy Cab Fuels Taxi Fleet With CNG on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Happy Cab Fuels Taxi Fleet With CNG on AddThis.com... June 15, 2013 Happy Cab Fuels Taxi Fleet With CNG F ind out how a cab company in Omaha, Nebraska, saves money fueling its taxi fleet with compressed natural gas. For information about this project, contact Kansas City Regional Clean

70

Overview of DOE ? DOT December 2009 CNG and Hydrogen Fuels Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE-DOT CNG-H 2 Workshop Summary and Highlights Antonio Ruiz DOE Vehicular Tank Workshop April 29, 2010 - Sandia National Laboratories, CA 2 CNG-H2 Fuels Workshop Washinton ,DC,...

71

Comparison of CNG and LNG technologies for transportation applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides a head-to-head comparison of compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) supplied to heavy-duty vehicles. The comparison includes an assessment of the overall efficiency of the fuel delivery system, the cost of the fuel supply system, the efficiency of use in heavy-duty vehicles, and the environmental impact of each technology. The report concludes that there are applications in which CNG will have the advantage, and applications in which LNG will be preferred.

Sinor, J.E. (Sinor (J.E.) Consultants, Inc., Niwot, CO (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Pumping performance of a new type of hybrid molecular pump  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new type of hybrid molecular pump of high performance and reliability has been developed. The pump’s rotational speed is 18?000 rpm. The pump is constructed with eleven stages of a turbomolecular pump and a drum multigroove drum molecular pump in which the clearance between rotor and stationary part is 0.35 mm; the rotor’s deformation forms a cuneiform channel of the proper working clearance to ensure the pump’s performance and working reliability. The pump can operate within the pressure range of 5×102–10?6 Pa for a oil?free vacuum with the maximum speed of 400 l/s. The maximum compression ratio for H2 is over 4000. It can be widely used in vacuum processes

Dechun Ba; Naiheng Yang; Xiaodong Wang; Shijin Pang; Yu Zhu; Xiaozhen Wang

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Gillig Corp. - Diesel-Electric Hybrid Bus and CNG Bus Application: Bus - Transit Fuel Types: CNG, Hybrid - Diesel Electric Maximum Seating: 40 Power Source(s): Cummins Westport -...

74

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CONSOLIDATED NATURAL GAS (CNG) (THE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CONSOLIDATED NATURAL GAS (CNG) (THE CONSOLIDATED NATURAL GAS (CNG) (THE PARTICIPANT) FOR ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS IN INVENTIONS OF THE PARTICIPANT UNDER DOE-PETC CRADA NO.PC-93-009, W(A)-93-034, CH-0819 - MASTER CRADA FOR PROJECTS DIRECTED TO FUELS COMBUSTION, EVALUATION AND FLOW ANALYSES - PROJECT #1 REDUCING EDDY AFTER BURN (REAB) FOR NITRIC OXIDE REDUCTION AND RELATED TECHNOLOGIES The Department of Energy has delegated authority to the PETC Laboratory Director to enter into CRADAs and, with the concurrence of cognizant Intellectual Property Counsel, to deal with intellectual property matters arising under the CRADA, including waiving of the Government's patent rights thereunder. Participant desires to obtain an advance waiver of the Government's rights in any inventions that may be conceived or

75

The hydrogen hybrid option  

SciTech Connect

The energy efficiency of various piston engine options for series hybrid automobiles are compared with conventional, battery powered electric, and proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell hybrid automobiles. Gasoline, compressed natural gas (CNG), and hydrogen are considered for these hybrids. The engine and fuel comparisons are done on a basis of equal vehicle weight, drag, and rolling resistance. The relative emissions of these various fueled vehicle options are also presented. It is concluded that a highly optimized, hydrogen fueled, piston engine, series electric hybrid automobile will have efficiency comparable to a similar fuel cell hybrid automobile and will have fewer total emissions than the battery powered vehicle, even without a catalyst.

Smith, J.R.

1993-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

76

CNG in OKC: Improving Efficiency at the Pump and on the Road | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CNG in OKC: Improving Efficiency at the Pump and on the Road CNG in OKC: Improving Efficiency at the Pump and on the Road CNG in OKC: Improving Efficiency at the Pump and on the Road March 8, 2012 - 4:02pm Addthis Andy Mitchell, Public Works Project Manager for the City of Oklahoma City, refills a vehicle at the new fast-fill CNG fueling station located at the city's main maintenance facility. | Courtesy of the City of Oklahoma City. Andy Mitchell, Public Works Project Manager for the City of Oklahoma City, refills a vehicle at the new fast-fill CNG fueling station located at the city's main maintenance facility. | Courtesy of the City of Oklahoma City. Jennifer Holman Project Officer, Golden Field Office What does this mean for me? Switching from gasoline and diesel fuels to compressed natural gas (CNG) can mean significantly lower amounts of carbon dioxide and air

77

A survey-based type-2 fuzzy logic system for energy management in hybrid electrical vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid electrical vehicles combine two or more energy sources (at least one electrical) to benefit from their different characteristics regarding autonomy, reversibility and dynamic response. Energy management consists in discovering an energy distribution ... Keywords: Energy management, Group decision making, Hybrid electrical vehicles, Linguistic modelling, Survey-based fuzzy logic systems, Type-2 fuzzy sets

Javier Solano Martínez; Robert I. John; Daniel Hissel; Marie-Cécile Péra

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

DOE News Release - DOE Completes Hydrogen/CNG Blended Fuels Performanc...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4, 2004 DOE Completes HydrogenCNG Blended Fuels Performance and Emissions Vehicle Testing The U.S. Department of Energy, through its Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, has...

79

Conservation of Moisture in a Hybrid Kuo-Type Cumulus Parameterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The conservation of moisture requirement used in a hybrid Kuo-type cumulus parameterization scheme is generalized so that the source of moisture for the cumulus process originates from all layers below the level of condensation, including the ...

William H. Raymond; Robert M. Aune

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

SuperShuttle CNG Fleet Start-Up Experience  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Gas Research Institute (GRI) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), along with several industry partners, are collaborating with SuperShuttle of Denver, Colorado, to evaluate natural gas vans added to the SuperShuttle fleet in 1999. Brand new (1999 model year) dedicated and bi-fuel compressed natural gas (CNG) vans manufactured by Ford Motor Company will be operated side-by-side with several similar gasoline vehicles in normal revenue service. Once the study is complete, DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory will analyze and compile the results for release.

Eudy, L.

1999-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

CNG transit fueling station handbook. Final report, October 1993-June 1997  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This manual has been complied for use by a Transit Authority Engineer or an Engineering Company who is involved in the design of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) fueling facilities. It is intended to provide a convenient and comprehensive reference document, to supplement but not replace codes and other reference documents. It is also intended to be used as a basis for the design of a broad range of CNG fueling facilities. The scope is limited to straight CNG and hence Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) or LNG vaporization to CNG has not been addressed. Similarly, this document does not deal with the facility modifications which may be required to park, service, or fuel CNG buses indoors. Additional information on actual gas fueling is available from the Gas Research Institute.

Adams, R.R.; Pennington, M.D.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Dodge Ram Wagon Van -- Hydrogen/CNG Operations Summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle, a Dodge Ram Wagon Van, operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Service’s Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents results of 22,816 miles of testing for the Dodge Ram Wagon Van, operating on CNG fuel, and a blended fuel of 15% hydrogen–85% CNG.

Don Karner; Francfort, James Edward

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Dodge Ram Wagon Van - Hydrogen/CNG Operations Summary - January 2003  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle, a Dodge Ram Wagon Van, operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Service's Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents results of 22,816 miles of testing for the Dodge Ram Wagon Van, operating on CNG fuel, and a blended fuel of 15% hydrogen-85% CNG.

Karner, D.; Francfort, J.E.

2003-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

84

Design of a hybrid type self-powered active sussension system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, authors propose a new hybrid type self-powered active suspension system for ground vehicles. System is composed of an electronic control unit (ECU), a power electronics module, and electric double-layer capacitor (EDLC) bank, a permanent ...

Hakan Sahin; Naoto Fukushima; Takahiro Mochizuki; Ichiro Hagiwara

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Hybrid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

may prove to be a limitation for realizing technologies for very high gradient accelerators. In this article, we present a scheme that uses a hybrid dielectric and iris-loaded...

86

CNG Exports by Truck out of the U.S. Form | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PDF Version of CNG Exports by Truck out of the U.S. Form More Documents & Publications LNG Exports by Truck out of the U.S. Form LNG Imports by Truck into the U.S. Form Complete...

87

UPS CNG Truck Fleet Final Results: Alternative Fuel Truck Evaluation Project (Brochure)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides transportation professionals with quantitative, unbiased information on the cost, maintenance, operational and emissions characteristics of CNG as one alternative to conventional diesel fuel for heavy-duty trucking applications.

Not Available

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Dispersion of CNG following a high-pressure release. Final report, February 1995-March 1996  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The research described in the report was designed to evaluate the adequacy of the current convention concerning safeguards against CNG-related fires in transit buildings where CNG powered buses are fueled, stored, or maintained. The convention embraces the belief that precautions need to be taken only at or near the ceiling of the buildings. It is based on the premise that, since CNG is primarily methane and methane is approximately one-half the density of air at ambient temperature and pressure, any natural gas released would immediately rise to the ceiling as a buoyant plume. The experiments described here tested theoretical predictions that challenge this premise. During the tests, infrared imaging was used to track the movement of CNG following release from a high-pressure source close to the floor.

Gaumer, R.L.; Raj, P.K.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Low-Percentage Hydrogen/CNG Blend, Ford F-150 -- Operating Summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Service’s Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents results of 16,942 miles of testing for one of the blended fuel vehicles, a Ford F-150 pickup truck, operating on up to 30% hydrogen/70% CNG fuel.

Karner, D.; Francfort, James Edward

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: High-Percentage Hydrogen/CNG Blend, Ford F-150 -- Operating Summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Service’s Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents the results of 4,695 miles of testing for one of the blended fuel vehicles, a Ford F-150 pickup truck, operating on up to 50% hydrogen–50% CNG fuel.

Don Karner; Francfort, James Edward

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

CNG and Diesel Transit Bus Emissions in Review  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Over the past three years, the California Air Resources Board (CARB), in collaboration with the University of California and other entities, has investigated the tailpipe emissions from three different latemodel, in-use heavy-duty transit buses in five different configurations. The study has focused on the measurement of regulated emissions (NOX, HC, CO, total PM), other gaseous emissions (CO2, NO2, CH4, NMHC), a number of pollutants of toxic risk significance (aromatics, carbonyls, PAHs, elements), composition (elemental and organic carbon), and the physical characterization (size-segregated number count and mass) of the particles in the exhaust aerosol. Emission samples are also tested in a modified Ames assay. The impact of oxidation catalyst control for both diesel and compressed natural gas (CNG) buses and a passive diesel particulate filter (DPF) were evaluated over multiple driving cycles (idle, 55 mph cruise, CBD, UDDS, NYBC) using a chassis dynamometer. For brevity, only CBD results are discussed in this paper and particle sizing results are omitted. The database of results is large and some findings have been reported already at various forums including last year's DEER conference. The goal of this paper is to offer an overview of the lessons learned and attempt to draw overall conclusions and interpretations based on key findings to date.

Ayala, A. (a); Kado, N. (a,b); Okamoto, R. (a); Gebel, M. (a) Rieger, P. (a); Kobayashi, R. (b); Kuzmicky, P. (b)

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

92

Comparative analysis of liquefied natural gas (LNG) and compressed natural gas (CNG) used by transit agencies in Texas. Research report  

SciTech Connect

This study is a detailed comparative analysis of liquefied natural gas (LNG) and compressed natural gas (CNG). The study provides data on two alternative fuels used by transit agencies in Texas. First, we examine the `state-of-the- art` in alternative fuels to established a framework for the study. Efforts were made to examine selected characteristics of two types of natural gas demonstrations in terms of the following properties: energy source characteristics, vehicle performance and emissions, operations, maintenance, reliability, safety costs, and fuel availability. Where feasible, two alternative fuels were compared with conventional gasoline and diesel fuel. Environmental considerations relative to fuel distribution and use are analyzed, with a focus on examining flammability an other safety-related issues. The objectives of the study included: (1) assess the state-of-the-art and document relevant findings pertaining to alternative fuels; (2) analyze and synthesize existing databases on two natural gas alternatives: liquefied natural gas (LNG) and compressed natural gas (CNG): and (3) compare two alterative fuels used by transit properties in Texas, and address selected aspects of alternative fuels such as energy source characteristics, vehicle performance and emissions, safety, costs, maintenance and operations, environmental and related issues.

Lede, N.W.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Efficiency of a hybrid-type plasma-assisted fuel reformation system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The major advantages of a new plasma-assisted fuel reformation system are its cost effectiveness and technical efficiency. Applied Plasma Technologies has proposed its new highly efficient hybrid-type plasma-assisted system for organic fuel combustion and gasification. The system operates as a multimode multipurpose reactor in a wide range of plasma feedstock gases and turndown ratios. This system also has convenient and simultaneous feeding of several reagents in the reaction zone such as liquid fuels, coal, steam, and air. A special methodology has been developed for such a system in terms of heat balance evaluation and optimization. This methodology considers all existing and possible energy streams, which could influence the system's efficiency. The developed hybrid-type plasma system could be suitable for combustion applications, mobile and autonomous small- to mid-size liquid fuel and coal gasification modules, hydrogen-rich gas generators, waste-processing facilities, and plasma chemical reactors.

Matveev, I.B.; Serbin, S.I.; Lux, S.M. [Applied Plasma Technologies, Mclean, VA (USA)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

94

Radiation Effects of n-type, Low Resistivity, Spiral Silicon Drift Detector Hybrid Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have developed a new thin-window, n-type, low-resistivity, spiral silicon drift detector (SDD) array - to be used as an extraterrestrial X-ray spectrometer (in varying environments) for NASA. To achieve low-energy response, a thin SDD entrance window was produced using a previously developed method. These thin-window devices were also produced on lower resistivity, thinner, n-type, silicon material, effectively ensuring their radiation hardness in anticipation of operation in potentially harsh radiation environments (such as found around the Jupiter system). Using the Indiana University Cyclotron Facility beam line RERS1, we irradiated a set of suitable diodes up to 5 Mrad and the latest iteration of our ASICs up to 12 Mrad. Then we irradiated two hybrid detectors consisting of newly, such-produced in-house (BNL) SDD chips bonded with ASICs with doses of 0.25 Mrad and 1 Mrad. Also we irradiated another hybrid detector consisting of previously produced (by KETEK) on n-type, high-resistivity SDD chip bonded with BNL's ASICs with a dose of 1 Mrad. The measurement results of radiated diodes (up to 5 Mrad), ASICs (up to 12 Mrad) and hybrid detectors (up to 1 Mrad) are presented here.

Chen W.; De Geronimo G.; Carini, G.A.; Gaskin, J.A.; Keister, J.W.; Li, S.; Li, Z.; Ramsey, B.D.; Siddons, D.P.; Smith, G.C.; Verbitskaya, E.

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

95

Technology demonstration of dedicated compressed natural gas (CNG) original equipment manufacturer (OEM) vehicles at Ft. Bliss, Texas. Interim report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technology demonstration program of dedicated compressed natural gas (CNG) original equipment manufacturer (OEM) vehicles was conducted at FL Bliss, Texas to demonstrate the use of CNG as an alternative fuel. The demonstration program at FL Bliss was the first Army initiative with CNG-fueled vehicles under the legislated Alternative Motor Fuels Act. This Department of Energy (DOE)-supported fleet demonstration consisted of 48 General Services Administration (GSA)-owned, Army-leased 1992 dedicated CNG General Motors (GM) 3/4-ton pickup trucks and four 1993 gasoline-powered Chevrolet 3/4-ton pickup trucks.

Alvarez, R.A.; Yost, D.M.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Technical evaluation and assessment of CNG/LPG bi-fuel and flex-fuel vehicle viability  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report compares vehicles using compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), and combinations of the two in bi-fuel or flex-fuel configurations. Evidence shows that environmental and energy advantages can be gained by replacing two-fuel CNG/gasoline vehicles with two-fuel or flex-fuel systems to be economically competitive, it is necessary to develop a universal CNG/LPG pressure-regulator-injector and engine control module to switch from one tank to the other. For flex-fuel CNG/LPG designs, appropriate composition sensors, refueling pumps, fuel tanks, and vaporizers are necessary.

Sinor, J E [Sinor (J.E.) Consultants, Inc., Niwot, CO (United States)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Effect of CNG start - gasoline run on emissions from a 3/4 ton pick-up truck  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes experiments to determine the effect on exhaust emissions of starting on compressed natural gas (CNG) and then switching to gasoline once the catalyst reaches operating temperature. Carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, and detailed exhaust hydrocarbon speciation data were obtained for dedicated CNG, then unleaded gasoline, and finally CNG start - gasoline run using the Federal Test Procedure at 24{degree}C and at -7{degree}C. The results was a reductiopn in emissions from the gasoline baseline, especially at -7{degree}C. It was estimated that CNG start - gasoline run resulted in a 71 percent reduction in potential ozone formation per mile. 3 refs., 6 figs., 11 tabs.

Springer, K.J.; Smith, L.R.; Dickinson, A.G.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Determination of combustion products from alternative fuels - part 1. LPG and CNG combustion products  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes efforts underway to identify volatile organic exhaust species generated by a light-duty vehicle operating over the Federal Test Procedure (FTP) on CNG and LPG, and to compare them to exhaust constituents generated from the same vehicle operating on a fuel blended to meet California Phase 2 specifications. The exhaust species from this vehicle were identified and quantified for fuel/air equivalence ratios of 0.8, 1.0, and 1.2, nominally, and were analyzed with and without the vehicle`s catalytic converter in place to determine the influence of the vehicle`s catalyst on species formation. Speciation data showed greater than 87 percent of all LPG and greater than 95 percent of all CNG hydrocarbon exhaust constituents to be composed of C{sub 1} to C{sub 3} compounds. In addition, toxic emissions from the combustion of CNG and LPG were as low as 10 percent of those generated by combustion of gasoline. A comparison of ozone forming potential of the three fuels was made based on the Maximum Incremental Reactivity scale used by the California Air Resources Board. Post-catalyst results from stoichiometric operation indicated that LPG and CNG produced 63 percent and 88 percent less potential ozone than reformulated gasoline, respectively. On average over all equivalence ratios, CNG and LPG exhaust constituents were approximately 65 percent less reactive than those from reformulated gasoline. 4 refs., 3 figs., 14 tabs.

Whitney, K.A.; Bailey, B.K.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

In the Face of Hurricane Sandy, CNG Vehicles Shuttle People to Safety |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

In the Face of Hurricane Sandy, CNG Vehicles Shuttle People to In the Face of Hurricane Sandy, CNG Vehicles Shuttle People to Safety In the Face of Hurricane Sandy, CNG Vehicles Shuttle People to Safety November 6, 2012 - 5:00pm Addthis Natural gas jitneys like this are Atlantic City's main form of public transportation. These vehicles were used to evacuate vulnerable residents during Hurricane Sandy. This vehicle is fueling up at a natural gas station built, owned, and operated by Clean Energy Fuels, who kept the station running despite widespread shortages of gasoline and diesel elsewhere. | Photo courtesy of Clean Energy Natural gas jitneys like this are Atlantic City's main form of public transportation. These vehicles were used to evacuate vulnerable residents during Hurricane Sandy. This vehicle is fueling up at a natural gas station

100

In the Face of Hurricane Sandy, CNG Vehicles Shuttle People to Safety |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

In the Face of Hurricane Sandy, CNG Vehicles Shuttle People to In the Face of Hurricane Sandy, CNG Vehicles Shuttle People to Safety In the Face of Hurricane Sandy, CNG Vehicles Shuttle People to Safety November 6, 2012 - 5:00pm Addthis Natural gas jitneys like this are Atlantic City's main form of public transportation. These vehicles were used to evacuate vulnerable residents during Hurricane Sandy. This vehicle is fueling up at a natural gas station built, owned, and operated by Clean Energy Fuels, who kept the station running despite widespread shortages of gasoline and diesel elsewhere. | Photo courtesy of Clean Energy Natural gas jitneys like this are Atlantic City's main form of public transportation. These vehicles were used to evacuate vulnerable residents during Hurricane Sandy. This vehicle is fueling up at a natural gas station

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101

Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Transit Bus Experience Survey: April 2009--April 2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This survey was commissioned by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to collect and analyze experiential data and information from a cross-section of U.S. transit agencies with varying degrees of compressed natural gas (CNG) bus and station experience. This information will be used to assist DOE and NREL in determining areas of success and areas where further technical or other assistance might be required, and to assist them in focusing on areas judged by the CNG transit community as priority items.

Adams, R.; Horne, D. B.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Comparison of CNG and LNG technologies for transportation applications. Final subcontract report, June 1991--December 1991  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides a head-to-head comparison of compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) supplied to heavy-duty vehicles. The comparison includes an assessment of the overall efficiency of the fuel delivery system, the cost of the fuel supply system, the efficiency of use in heavy-duty vehicles, and the environmental impact of each technology. The report concludes that there are applications in which CNG will have the advantage, and applications in which LNG will be preferred.

Sinor, J.E. [Sinor (J.E.) Consultants, Inc., Niwot, CO (United States)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

CNG: Aiming to be an energy company, not a gas company  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long before regulatory changes in the US paved the way for the union of natural gas and electric utility companies, Consolidated Natural Gas Co. (CNG) embarked on a strategy that would serve the company well in the 1990s. In 1995, CNG began a corporate repositioning to meet mounting competition, switching emphasis from its regulated businesses to the non-regulated side. The goal: to become an energy player, not only in the US but internationally. This paper focuses on the company`s operations, business plans, and management strategies. The paper gives an overview, then discusses production of oil and gas, the growing exploration program and plans for the future.

Wheatley, R.

1997-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

104

Low-cost, low-weight CNG cylinder development. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This program was established to develop and commercialize new high-strength steel-lined, composite hoop-wrapped compressed natural gas (CNG) cylinders for vehicular applications. As much as 70% of the cost of natural gas vehicles can be related to on-board natural gas storage costs. The cost and weight targets for this program represent significant savings in each characteristic when compared to comparable containers available at the initiation of the program. The program objectives were to optimize specific weight and cost goals, yielding CNG cylinders with dimensions that should, allowing for minor modifications, satisfy several vehicle market segments. The optimization process encompassed material, design, and process improvement. In optimizing the CNG cylinder design, due consideration was given to safety aspects relative to national, international, and vehicle manufacturer cylinder standards and requirements. The report details the design and development effort, encompassing plant modifications, material selection, design issues, tooling development, prototype development, and prototype testing. Extenuating circumstances prevented the immediate commercialization of the cylinder designs, though significant progress was made towards improving the cost and performance of CNG cylinders. A new low-cost fiber was successfully employed while the weight target was met and the cost target was missed by less than seven percent.

Richards, Mark E.; Melford, K.; Wong, J.; Gambone, L.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

UPS CNG Truck Fleet Start Up Experience: Alternative Fuel Truck Evaluation Project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

UPS operates 140 Freightliner Custom Chassis compressed natural gas (CNG)-powered vehicles with Cummins B5.9G engines. Fifteen are participating in the Alternative Fuel Truck Evaluation Project being funded by DOE's Office of Transportation Technologies and the Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies.

Walkowicz, K.

2001-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

106

Using Gasoline, Diesel, and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicles, Characterize the Significance of Lube  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Gasoline, Diesel, and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicles, Characterize the Significance from natural gas vehicles will help in the development of PM mitigation technologies. This in turn emissions beyond applicable standards, and that benefit natural gas ratepayers (Public Resources Code 25620

107

Low Quality Natural Gas Sulfur Removal and Recovery CNG Claus Sulfur Recovery Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increased use of natural gas (methane) in the domestic energy market will force the development of large non-producing gas reserves now considered to be low quality. Large reserves of low quality natural gas (LQNG) contaminated with hydrogen sulfide (H{sub 2}S), carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and nitrogen (N) are available but not suitable for treatment using current conventional gas treating methods due to economic and environmental constraints. A group of three technologies have been integrated to allow for processing of these LQNG reserves; the Controlled Freeze Zone (CFZ) process for hydrocarbon / acid gas separation; the Triple Point Crystallizer (TPC) process for H{sub 2}S / C0{sub 2} separation and the CNG Claus process for recovery of elemental sulfur from H{sub 2}S. The combined CFZ/TPC/CNG Claus group of processes is one program aimed at developing an alternative gas treating technology which is both economically and environmentally suitable for developing these low quality natural gas reserves. The CFZ/TPC/CNG Claus process is capable of treating low quality natural gas containing >10% C0{sub 2} and measurable levels of H{sub 2}S and N{sub 2} to pipeline specifications. The integrated CFZ / CNG Claus Process or the stand-alone CNG Claus Process has a number of attractive features for treating LQNG. The processes are capable of treating raw gas with a variety of trace contaminant components. The processes can also accommodate large changes in raw gas composition and flow rates. The combined processes are capable of achieving virtually undetectable levels of H{sub 2}S and significantly less than 2% CO in the product methane. The separation processes operate at pressure and deliver a high pressure (ca. 100 psia) acid gas (H{sub 2}S) stream for processing in the CNG Claus unit. This allows for substantial reductions in plant vessel size as compared to conventional Claus / Tail gas treating technologies. A close integration of the components of the CNG Claus process also allow for use of the methane/H{sub 2}S separation unit as a Claus tail gas treating unit by recycling the CNG Claus tail gas stream. This allows for virtually 100 percent sulfur recovery efficiency (virtually zero SO{sub 2} emissions) by recycling the sulfur laden tail gas to extinction. The use of the tail gas recycle scheme also deemphasizes the conventional requirement in Claus units to have high unit conversion efficiency and thereby make the operation much less affected by process upsets and feed gas composition changes. The development of these technologies has been ongoing for many years and both the CFZ and the TPC processes have been demonstrated at large pilot plant scales. On the other hand, prior to this project, the CNG Claus process had not been proven at any scale. Therefore, the primary objective of this portion of the program was to design, build and operate a pilot scale CNG Claus unit and demonstrate the required fundamental reaction chemistry and also demonstrate the viability of a reasonably sized working unit.

Klint, V.W.; Dale, P.R.; Stephenson, C.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

New York City Transit (NYCT) Hybrid (125 Order) and CNG Transit...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

engines from other manufacturers may have shown better results. 1 For example, DART's LNG Bus Fleet, Final Results, 2000, NREL, NRELBR-540-28739 (www.nrel.govvehiclesandfuels...

109

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Odyssey XLT Application: Bus - Shuttle Fuel Types: CNG, Hybrid - Diesel Electric Maximum Seating: 50 Hybrid System(s): Eaton - Diesel Electric Hybrid Additional Description:...

110

Ten Years of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Operations at SunLine Transit Agency: April 2003--December 2004  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report focuses on the lesson learned at the SunLine Transit Agency after it converted in 1994 its entire operating transit bus fleet to compressed natural gas (CNG).

Chandler, K.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Effect of CNG start-gasoline run on emissions from a 3/4 ton pick-up truck  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes experiments to determine the effect on exhaust emissions of starting on compressed natural gas (CNG) and then switching to gasoline once the catalyst reaches operating temperature. Carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, and detailed exhaust hydrocarbon speciation data were obtained for dedicated CNG, then unleaded gasoline, and finally CNG start-gasoline run using the Federal Test Procedure at 24{degree}C and at -7{degree}C. The result was a reduction in emissions from the gasoline baseline, especially at -7{degree}C. It was estimated that CNG start - gasoline run resulted in a 71 percent reduction in potential ozone formation per mile. 3 refs., 6 figs., 11 tabs.

Springer, K.J.; Smith, L.R.; Dickinson, A.G.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Low-Percentage Hydrogen/CNG Blend Ford F-150 Operating Summary - January 2003  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Service's Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended hydrogen fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents results of 16,942 miles of testing for one of the blended fuel vehicles, a Ford F-150 pickup truck, operating on up to 30% hydrogen/70% CNG fuel.

Karner, D.; Francfort, J.E.

2003-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

113

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: High-Percentage Hydrogen/CNG Blend Ford F-150 Operating Summary - January 2003  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past two years, Arizona Public Service, a subsidiary of Pinnacle West Capital Corporation, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, tested four gaseous fuel vehicles as part of its alternative fueled vehicle fleet. One vehicle operated initially using compressed natural gas (CNG) and later a blend of CNG and hydrogen. Of the other three vehicles, one was fueled with pure hydrogen and two were fueled with a blend of CNG and hydrogen. The three blended-fuel vehicles were originally equipped with either factory CNG engines or factory gasoline engines that were converted to run CNG fuel. The vehicles were variously modified to operate on blended fuel and were tested using 15 to 50% blends of hydrogen (by volume). The pure-hydrogen-fueled vehicle was converted from gasoline fuel to operate on 100% hydrogen. All vehicles were fueled from the Arizona Public Service's Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant, which was developed to dispense gaseous fuels, including CNG, blends of CNG and hydrogen, and pure hydrogen with up to 99.9999% purity. The primary objective of the test was to evaluate the safety and reliability of operating vehicles on hydrogen and blended fuel, and the interface between the vehicles and the hydrogen fueling infrastructure. A secondary objective was to quantify vehicle emissions, cost, and performance. Over a total of 40,000 fleet test miles, no safety issues were found. Also, significant reductions in emissions were achieved by adding hydrogen to the fuel. This report presents the results of 4,695 miles of testing for one of the blended fuel vehicles, a Ford F-150 pickup truck, operating on up to 50% hydrogen-50% CNG fuel.

Karner, D.; Francfort, J.E.

2003-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

114

Safety and Regulatory Structure for CNG/Hydrogen Vehicles and Fuels in the United States  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CNG/H2 Vehicles and Fuels in the CNG/H2 Vehicles and Fuels in the United States Compressed Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuels: Lessons Learned for Safe Deployment of Vehicles Workshop December 2009 2 Overview DOT/NHTSA Mission Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) FMVSS covering alternative fuel vehicles Research supporting new/improved FMVSS for alternative fuel vehicles International Harmonization - Global Technical Regulations 3 Mission Statements DOT Mission Statement Serve the United States by ensuring a safe transportation system that furthers our vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of the American people * Safety - Promote the public health and safety by working toward the elimination of transportation-related deaths and injuries NHTSA Mission Statement To reduce deaths, injuries and economic losses resulting from

115

U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, Hydrogen/CNG Blended Fuels Performance Testing in a Ford F-150  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Federal regulation requires energy companies and government entities to utilize alternative fuels in their vehicle fleets. To meet this need, several automobile manufacturers are producing compressed natural gas (CNG)-fueled vehicles. In addition, several converters are modifying gasoline-fueled vehicles to operate on both gasoline and CNG (Bifuel). Because of the availability of CNG vehicles, many energy company and government fleets have adopted CNG as their principle alternative fuel for transportation. Meanwhile, recent research has shown that blending hydrogen with CNG (HCNG) can reduce emissions from CNG vehicles. However, blending hydrogen with CNG (and performing no other vehicle modifications) reduces engine power output, due to the lower volumetric energy density of hydrogen in relation to CNG. Arizona Public Service (APS) and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (DOE AVTA) identified the need to determine the magnitude of these effects and their impact on the viability of using HCNG in existing CNG vehicles. To quantify the effects of using various blended fuels, a work plan was designed to test the acceleration, range, and exhaust emissions of a Ford F-150 pickup truck operating on 100% CNG and blends of 15 and 30% HCNG. This report presents the results of this testing conducted during May and June 2003 by Electric Transportation Applications (Task 4.10, DOE AVTA Cooperative Agreement DEFC36- 00ID-13859).

James E. Francfort

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RFG Running Hot Soak Diurnal CNG :Diesel Fuels Emissions RFGwith compressednatural gas (CNG),the hydrocarbontaitpipemethanol, natural gas (CNG),and hydrogen. As noted above,

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Motor Coach Industries - D4500 CT Hybrid Commuter Coach Application: Bus - Transit Fuel Types: CNG, Hybrid - Diesel Electric Maximum Seating: 57 Power Source(s): Cummins Westport -...

118

City and County of Denver: Technical comparison between hythane, CNG and gasoline fueled vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The City and County of Denver, in cooperation with the Urban Consortium Energy Task Force of Public Technology, Inc. has completed a unique two-year research and development project designed to test and compare the technical merits of three transportation fuels. Comparisons of the tailpipe emissions from Hythane - a new, blended, alternative motor fuel comprised of 85% compressed natural gas (CNG) and 15% hydrogen measured by volume - to the emissions from gasoline and 100% CNG were conducted. This project has been one of the first pioneering studies of a hydrogen blended fuel and, through its success, has prompted eight additional Hythane research projects to date. Phase I of the project provided results from the Federal Test Procedure (FTP) testing of a light duty pick-up truck operating on Hythane. The purpose of this testing was to quantify any decrease in tailpipe emissions and to determine whether Hythane could meet the California Ultra Low Emission Vehicle standard (ULEV) for light duty trucks. During Phase I, FTP analyses were conducted in both Colorado (high altitude testing) and California (sea level testing) on a converted Chevrolet S-10, pick-up truck by Hydrogen Consultants (HCl), the Colorado Department of Health (CDH) and the California Air Resource Board (CARB). Currently, the only other non-electric vehicle which is capable of meeting the ULEV standard is Chrysler`s natural gas vehicle. There was additional interest in the role Hythane could play as a transitional fuel in the introduction of hydrogen. Hydrogen, a renewable energy carrier, may soon be categorized as a ZEV fuel by the South Coast Air Quality Management District. This factor may encourage the use of Hythane as a transportation fuel that not only meets the ULEV standard, but may provide the bridge necessary to the eventual widespread use of hydrogen.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Electrochemical Capacitors as Energy Storage in Hybrid-Electric Vehicles: Present Status and Future Prospects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Storage in Hybrid- Electric Vehicles: Present Statusmarketing of hybrid-electric vehicles of various types arefor various types of hybrid-electric vehicles Type of hybrid

Burke, Andy; Miller, Marshall

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

BMC Pharmacology BioMed Central Poster presentation Blockade of CNG channels abrogates urethral relaxation induced by soluble guanylate cyclase activation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

© 2009 Triguero et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. In the present study, we have characterized the presence and distribution of cGMP-gated cationic channels (CNG) in the rat urethra as well as its putative role in the mediation of the nitrergic relaxation. Previous studies have shown the inhibition of the sheep urethral nitrergic relaxations by the CNG's inhibitor L-cis-diltiazem [1]. Also in the rat urethra, L-cis-diltiazem (50 ?M) inhibited nitrergic relaxations elicited by electrical field stimulation (EFS) of arginine-vasopresin (AVP)-precontracted urethral preparations (Figure 1A). Immunofluorescence studies were performed to analyze the distribution of CNG immunoreactivity (-ir) in sections of the urethral wall. As can be seen in Figure 2, a strong CNG-ir was present in a subpopulation of vimentin-ir

Domingo Triguero; Maria Sancho; Marta García-flores; Ángeles García

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Evaluation of aftermarket CNG conversion kits in light-duty vehicle applications. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Institute of Gas Technology (IGT) was contracted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to evaluate three compressed natural gas (CNG) conversion systems using a 1993 Chevrolet Lumina baseline vehicle. A fourth conversion system was added to the test matrix through funding support from Brooklyn Union. The objective of this project was to measure the Federal Test Procedure (FTP) emissions and fuel economy of the different conversion systems, and to compare the performance to gasoline-fueled operation and each other. Different natural gas compositions were selected to represent the 10th percentile, mean, and 90th percentile compositions distributed in the Continental United States. Testing with these different compositions demonstrated the systems` ability to accommodate the spectrum of gas found in the United States. Each compressed natural gas conversion system was installed and adjusted according to the manufacturer`s instructions. In addition to the FTP testing, an evaluation of the comparative installation times and derivability tests (based on AGA and CRC guidelines) were conducted on each system.

Blazek, C.F.; Rowley, P.F.; Grimes, J.W. [Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Discovery of a magnetic field in the CoRoT hybrid B-type pulsator HD 43317  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A promising way of testing the impact of a magnetic field on internal mixing (core overshooting, internal rotation) in main-sequence B-type stars is to perform asteroseismic studies of a sample of magnetic pulsators. The CoRoT satellite revealed that the B3IV star HD 43317 is a hybrid SPB/beta Cep-type pulsator that has a wealth of pulsational constraints on which one can perform a seismic modelling, in particular, probing the extent of its convective core and mixing processes. Moreover, indirect indicators of a magnetic field in the star were observed: rotational modulation due to chemical or temperature spots and X-ray emission. Our goal was to directly investigate the field in HD 43317 and, if it is magnetic, to characterise it. We collected data with the Narval spectropolarimeter installed at TBL (T\\'elescope Bernard Lyot, Pic du Midi, France) and applied the least-squares deconvolution technique to measure the circular polarisation of the light emitted from HD 43317. We modelled the longitudinal field me...

Briquet, M; Leroy, B; Pápics, P I

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

COMPARATIVE STUDY ON EXHAUST EMISSIONS FROM DIESEL- AND CNG-POWERED URBAN BUSES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Couple years ago, ADEME engaged programs dedicated to the urban buses exhaust emissions studies. The measures associated with the reduction of atmospheric and noise pollution has particular importance in the sector of urban buses. In many cases, they illustrate the city's environmental image and contribute to reinforcing the attractiveness of public transport. France's fleet in service, presently put at about 14,000 units, consumes about 2 per cent of the total energy of city transport. It causes about 2 per cent of the HC emissions and from 4 to 6 per cent of the NOx emissions and particles. These vehicles typically have a long life span (about 15 years) and are relatively expensive to buy, about 150.000 euros per unit. Several technical solutions were evaluated to quantify, on a real condition cycle for buses, on one hand pollutants emissions, fuel consumption and on the other hand reliability, cost in real existing fleet. This paper presents main preliminary results on urban buses exhaust emission on two different cases: - existing Diesel buses, with fuel modifications (Diesel with low sulphur content), Diesel with water emulsion and bio-Diesel (30% oil ester in standard Diesel fuel); renovating CNG powered Euro II buses fleet, over representative driving cycles, set up by ADEME and partners. On these cycles, pollutants (regulated and unregulated) were measured as well as fuel consumption, at the beginning of a program and one year after to quantify reliability and increase/decrease of pollutants emissions. At the same time, some after-treatment technologies were tested under real conditions and several vehicles. Information such as fuel consumption, lubricant analysis, problem on the technology were following during a one year program. On the overall level, it is the combination of various action, pollution-reduction and renewal that will make it possible to meet the technological challenge of reducing emissions and fuel consumption by urban bus networks.

COROLLER, P; PLASSAT, G

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

124

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

New Flyer - Xcelsior Applications: Bus - Transit, Trolley Fuel Types: CNG, LNG, Hydrogen, Electricity, Hybrid - Diesel Electric Maximum Seating: varies Power Source(s): Cummins...

125

Overview of the Safety Issues Associated with the Compressed Natural Gas Fuel System and Electric Drive System in a Heavy Hybrid Electric Vehicle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report evaluates the hazards that are unique to a compressed-natural-gas (CNG)-fueled heavy hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) design compared with a conventional heavy vehicle. The unique design features of the heavy HEV are the CNG fuel system for the internal-combustion engine (ICE) and the electric drive system. This report addresses safety issues with the CNG fuel system and the electric drive system. Vehicles on U. S. highways have been propelled by ICEs for several decades. Heavy-duty vehicles have typically been fueled by diesel fuel, and light-duty vehicles have been fueled by gasoline. The hazards and risks posed by ICE vehicles are well understood and have been generally accepted by the public. The economy, durability, and safety of ICE vehicles have established a standard for other types of vehicles. Heavy-duty (i.e., heavy) HEVs have recently been introduced to U. S. roadways, and the hazards posed by these heavy HEVs can be compared with the hazards posed by ICE vehicles. The benefits of heavy HEV technology are based on their potential for reduced fuel consumption and lower exhaust emissions, while the disadvantages are the higher acquisition cost and the expected higher maintenance costs (i.e., battery packs). The heavy HEV is more suited for an urban drive cycle with stop-and-go driving conditions than for steady expressway speeds. With increasing highway congestion and the resulting increased idle time, the fuel consumption advantage for heavy HEVs (compared with conventional heavy vehicles) is enhanced by the HEVs' ability to shut down. Any increase in fuel cost obviously improves the economics of a heavy HEV. The propulsion system for a heavy HEV is more complex than the propulsion system for a conventional heavy vehicle. The heavy HEV evaluated in this study has in effect two propulsion systems: an ICE fueled by CNG and an electric drive system with additional complexity and failure modes. This additional equipment will result in a less reliable vehicle with a lower availability than a conventional heavy vehicle. Experience with heavy HEVs to date supports this observation. The key safety concern for the electric drive system is the higher voltages and currents that are required in the electric drive system. Faults that could expose personnel to these electric hazards must be considered, addressed, and minimized. The key issue for the CNG-fueled ICE is containment of the high-pressure natural gas. Events that can result in a release of natural gas with the possibility of subsequent ignition are of concern. These safety issues are discussed. The heavy HEV has the potential to have a safety record that is comparable to that of the conventional vehicle, but adequate attention to detail will be required.

Nelson, S.C.

2002-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

126

Ultracapacitor Technologies and Application in Hybrid and Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulations of hybrid and electric vehicles Simulation ofand Application in Hybrid and Electric Vehicles Andrew Burkemarketing of hybrid and electric vehicles of various types

Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Commercializing Light-Duty Plug-In/Plug-Out Hydrogen-Fuel-Cell Vehicles: "Mobile Electricity" Technologies, Early California Household Markets, and Innovation Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

combustion Prius, Eco Fuel CNG Hybrid Escape, and Solara methanol vehicle, and a CNG vehicle. The participants werewas predominately the CNG vehicle. The authors explain the

Williams, Brett D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Commercializing light-duty plug-in/plug-out hydrogen-fuel-cell vehicles: “Mobile Electricity” technologies and opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

combustion Prius, Eco Fuel CNG Hybrid Escape, and Solara methanol vehicle, and a CNG vehicle. The participants werewas predominately the CNG vehicle. The authors explain the

Williams, Brett D; Kurani, Kenneth S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Commercializing Light-Duty Plug-In/Plug-Out Hydrogen-Fuel-Cell Vehicles:“Mobile Electricity” Technologies, Early California Household Markets, and Innovation Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

combustion Prius, Eco Fuel CNG Hybrid Escape, and Solara methanol vehicle, and a CNG vehicle. The participants werewas predominately the CNG vehicle. The authors explain the

Williams, Brett D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis Title Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-1248E Year of Publication 2008 Authors...

131

Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis Title Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2008 Authors Phadke, Amol, Charles A....

132

Cost optimization of a hybrid composite flywheel rotor with a split-type hub using combined analytical/numerical models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A procedure to find the optimal design of a flywheel with a split-type hub is presented. Since cost plays a decisive role in stationary flywheel energy storage applications, a trade-off between energy and cost is required. Applying a scaling technique, ... Keywords: Cost optimization, Flywheel energy storage, Flywheel rotors, Multifidelity optimization, Split-type hub, Surrogate-based optimization

Malte Krack; Marc Secanell; Pierre Mertiny

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Development and Demonstration of Hydrogen and Compressed Natural Gas (H/CNG) Blend Transit Buses: October 15, 2002-September 30, 2004  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Development and Demonstration Development and Demonstration of Hydrogen and Compressed Natural Gas (H/CNG) Blend Transit Buses October 15, 2002 - September 30, 2004 A. Del Toro SunLine Services Group Thousand Palms, California M. Frailey National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado F. Lynch Hydrogen Components Inc. Littleton, Colorado S. Munshi Westport Innovations Inc. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada S. Wayne West Virginia University Morgantown, West Virginia Technical Report NREL/TP-540-38707 November 2005 Development and Demonstration of Hydrogen and Compressed Natural Gas (H/CNG) Blend Transit Buses October 15, 2002 - September 30, 2004 A. Del Toro SunLine Services Group Thousand Palms, California M. Frailey National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado

134

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

60BRT Application: Bus - Transit Fuel Types: CNG, LNG, Hybrid - Diesel Electric Maximum Seating: 43 Power Source(s): Cummins Westport - ISL G 8.9L Cummins - ISL 8.9L Hybrid...

135

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

DesignLine Corp. - EcoSaver IV Application: Bus - Transit Fuel Types: Hybrid - CNG Electric, Hybrid - Diesel Electric Maximum Seating: 40 Power Source(s): Capstone Turbine Corp. -...

136

Evaporative Testing Requirements for Dual-Fuel Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)/Gasoline and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)/Gasoline Vehicles – Revision of MAC #99-01 To Allow Subtraction of Methane Emissions from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The attached MAC clarifies the Air Resources Board's procedures regarding evaporative emission testing of dual-fuel CNG/gasoline vehicles. This MAC revises and supersedes MAC #99-01 by allowing manufacturers to determine, report, and subtract methane emissions when a dual-fuel CNG/gasoline vehicle is tested for evaporative emissions. A related revision clarifies that for dual-fuel CNG/gasoline medium-duty vehicles, the applicable “LEV I ” evaporative emission standards, which are dependent on the fuel tank capacity of the medium-duty vehicles, are determined solely on the fuel tank capacity of the gasoline fuel system. If you have any questions or comments, please contact Mr. Steven Hada, Air

Alan C. Lloyd, Ph.D.; Arnold Schwarzenegger; All Heavy-duty Vehicle Manufacturers

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Hybrid electric vehicles TOPTEC  

SciTech Connect

This one-day TOPTEC session began with an overview of hybrid electric vehicle technology. Updates were given on alternative types of energy storage, APU control for low emissions, simulation programs, and industry and government activities. The keynote speech was about battery technology, a key element to the success of hybrids. The TOPEC concluded with a panel discussion on the mission of hybrid electric vehicles, with a perspective from industry and government experts from United States and Canada on their view of the role of this technology.

1994-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

138

Synthesis and properties of chitosan-silica hybrid aerogels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Synthesis and properties of chitosan-silica hybrid aerogels Title Synthesis and properties of chitosan-silica hybrid aerogels Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication...

139

CNG Goes Mainstream  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Goes Mainstream Goes Mainstream JOHN DAVIS: Time now for Motor News. So, let's head inside to Yolanda Vazquez for what's new this week. VOLANDA VAZQUEZ: Big news on the EV front with a new all-electric SUV from Toyota. The Japanese automaker unveiled the production version of the 2012 Rav 4 EV at the EVS26 symposium in Los Angeles. It was jointly developed with electric car pioneer Tesla Motors who supplied the battery pack and drive system. Like other current EV's, this Rav 4 has a range of about 100 miles, but with more versatility. Toyota expects a price of nearly $50,000 will likely limit sales to about 2,600 Rav4 EV's over the next 3 years. Rising gasoline prices are also renewing interest in another alt-fuel, compressed natural gas. From taxis to refuse and delivery trucks, more and more fleets are

140

Conceptual Design of Optimized Fossil Energy Systems with Capture and Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

coincident, region, etc. 8. CNG STATIONS Data Type: ShapeFor example, DVCO offers CNG dispenser units with a workinggasoline pump. For CNG vehicles, maximum flowrates of 400

Ogden, Joan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Hybrid Vehicle Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Links Hybrid Links Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov Web site. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Hybrid Vehicles and Manufacturers Acura ILX Hybrid Audi Q5 Hybrid BMW ActiveHybrid 3 ActiveHybrid 5 ActiveHybrid 7 Buick LaCrosse eAssist* Regal eAssist* Chevrolet Malibu Eco* Impala eAssist* Ford Fusion Hybrid Honda Accord Hybrid Civic Hybrid Honda CR-Z Honda Insight Hyundai Sonata Hybrid Infiniti M Hybrid Q50 Hybrid Q50 S Hybrid QX60 Hybrid Kia Optima Hybrid Lexus CT 200h Lexus ES 300h GS 450h LS 600h L RX 450h Lincoln MKZ Hybrid Mercedes-Benz Mercedes E400 Hybrid Nissan Pathfinder Hybrid Porsche Cayenne S Hybrid Subaru XV Crosstrek Hybrid Toyota Avalon Hybrid

142

Hybrids Plus | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hybrids Plus Hybrids Plus Jump to: navigation, search Name Hybrids Plus Address 3245 Prarie Ave Place Boulder, Colorado Zip 80301 Sector Vehicles Product Plug in Electric Hybrid Vehicle conversions, chargers, battery systems Website http://www.eetrex.com/ Coordinates 40.022143°, -105.250981° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.022143,"lon":-105.250981,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

143

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Axess Application: Bus - Transit Fuel Types: CNG, LNG, Hydrogen, Hybrid - Diesel Electric Maximum Seating: 41 Power Source(s): Cummins Westport - ISL G 8.9L Ballard Power Systems -...

144

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

North American Bus Industries - 42BRT Application: Bus - Transit Fuel Types: CNG, LNG, Hybrid - Diesel Electric Maximum Seating: 43 Power Source(s): Cummins Westport - ISL G 8.9L...

145

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

E-Z Rider II BRT Application: Bus - Transit Fuel Types: CNG, LNG, Hybrid - Diesel Electric Maximum Seating: 33 Power Source(s): Cummins Westport - ISL G 8.9L Cummins - ISB 6.7L...

146

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

North American Bus Industries - CompoBus Application: Bus - Transit Fuel Types: CNG, Hybrid - Diesel Electric Maximum Seating: 47 Power Source(s): Cummins Westport - ISL G 8.9L...

147

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

31LFW 35LFW 40LFW Application: Bus - Transit Fuel Types: CNG, Hybrid - Diesel Electric Maximum Seating: 40 Power Source(s): Cummins Westport - ISL G 8.9L Cummins - ISL 8.9L...

148

King County Metro Transit Hybrid Articulated Buses: Interim Evaluation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CA Peterbilt378, Class 8 truck Cummins Westport ISXG high-pressure direct injection LNG and diesel Completed in 2004 Note: CNG compressed natural gas; LNG liquefied...

149

King County Metro Transit Hybrid Articulated Buses: Final Evaluation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CA Peterbilt378, Class 8 truck Cummins Westport ISXG high-pressure direct injection LNG and diesel Completed in 2004 Note: CNG compressed natural gas; LNG liquefied...

150

Pulsed hybrid field emitter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid emitter exploits the electric field created by a rapidly depoled ferroelectric material. Combining the emission properties of a planar thin film diamond emitter with a ferroelectric alleviates the present technological problems associated with both types of emitters and provides a robust, extremely long life, high current density cathode of the type required by emerging microwave power generation, accelerator technology and display applications. This new hybrid emitter is easy to fabricate and not susceptible to the same failures which plague microstructure field emitter technology. Local electrode geometries and electric field are determined independently from those for optimum transport and brightness preservation. Due to the large amount of surface charge created on the ferroelectric, the emitted electrons have significant energy, thus eliminating the requirement for specialized phosphors in emissive flat-panel displays. 11 figs.

Sampayan, S.E.

1998-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

151

Pulsed hybrid field emitter  

SciTech Connect

A hybrid emitter exploits the electric field created by a rapidly depoled ferroelectric material. Combining the emission properties of a planar thin film diamond emitter with a ferroelectric alleviates the present technological problems associated with both types of emitters and provides a robust, extremely long life, high current density cathode of the type required by emerging microwave power generation, accelerator technology and display applications. This new hybrid emitter is easy to fabricate and not susceptible to the same failures which plague microstructure field emitter technology. Local electrode geometries and electric field are determined independently from those for optimum transport and brightness preservation. Due to the large amount of surface charge created on the ferroelectric, the emitted electrons have significant energy, thus eliminating the requirement for specialized phosphors in emissive flat-panel displays.

Sampayan, Stephen E. (Manteca, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Hybrid: Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

button highlighted Starting Button Cruising Button Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar button highlighted Starting Button Cruising Button Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar OVERVIEW Hybrid-electric vehicles combine the benefits of gasoline engines and electric motors to provide improved fuel economy. The engine provides most of the vehicle's power, and the electric motor provides additional power when needed, such as for accelerating and passing. This allows a smaller, more-efficient engine to be used. The electric power for the motor is generated from regenerative braking and from the gasoline engine, so hybrids don't have to be "plugged in" to an electrical outlet to recharge. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

153

Hybrid: Overview  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

button highlighted Starting Button Cruising Button Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar button highlighted Starting Button Cruising Button Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar OVERVIEW Hybrid-electric vehicles combine the benefits of gasoline engines and electric motors to provide improved fuel economy. The engine provides most of the vehicle's power, and the electric motor provides additional power when needed, such as for accelerating and passing. This allows a smaller, more-efficient engine to be used. The electric power for the motor is generated from regenerative braking and from the gasoline engine, so hybrids don't have to be "plugged in" to an electrical outlet to recharge. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

154

Transportation and its Infrastructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

York City Transit Hybrid and CNG Buses: Interim EvaluationECMT, 2007). Natural Gas (CNG / LNG / GTL) Natural gas,It may be stored in compressed (CNG) or liquefied (LNG) form

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Framework for Bus Rapid Transit Development and Deployment Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ATSAC AVL BOCC BRT Caltrans CBD CNG DGPS EIS FTA GPS ITE ITScompressed natural gas (CNG) diesel-electric hybrids,compressed natural gas (CNG) buses. The buses have a special

Miller, Mark A.; Yin, Yafeng; Balvanyos, Tunde; Ceder, Avishai

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Gas Mileage of 2011 Vehicles by Honda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highway 2011 Honda Civic CNG 4 cyl, 1.8 L, Automatic 5-spd, CNG Compare 2011 Honda Civic CNG 24 City 28 Combined 36 Highway 2011 Honda Civic Hybrid 4 cyl, 1.3 L, Automatic...

157

Cooperative Regulation of Emissions Using Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We exploit new types of vehicles, such as Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs), to control transport related emissions in urban environments. By appropriately choosing whether single power-split hybrid vehicles should be operated in fully electric ...

A. Schlote, F. Hausler, T. Hecker, A. Bergmann, E. Crisostomi, I. Radusch, R. Shorten

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Contrasting colonization and plant growth promoting capacity between wild type and gfp-derative of the endophyte Pseudomonas putida W619 in hybrid poplar  

SciTech Connect

This study aims to investigate the colonization of poplar by the endophyte Pseudomonas putida W619 and its capacity to promote plant growth. Poplar cuttings were inoculated with P. putida W619 (wild-type or gfp-labelled). The colonization of both strains was investigated and morphological, physiological and biochemical parameters were analyzed to evaluate plant growth promotion. Inoculation with P. putida W619 (wild-type) resulted in remarkable growth promotion, decreased activities of antioxidative defence related enzymes, and reduced stomatal resistance, all indicative of improved plant health and growth in comparison with the non-inoculated cuttings. In contrast, inoculation with gfp-labelled P. putida W619 did not promote growth; it even had a negative effect on plant health and growth. Furthermore, compared to the wildtype strain, colonization by the gfp-labelled P. putida W619::gfp1 was much lower; it only colonized the rhizosphere and root cortex while the wild-type strain also colonized the root xylem vessels. Despite the strong plant growth promoting capacity of P. putida W619 (wild-type), after gfp labelling its growth promoting characteristics disappeared and its colonization capacity was strongly influenced; for these reasons gfp labelling should be applied with sufficient caution.

Weyens N.; van der Lelie D.; Boulet, J.; Adriaensen, D.; Timmermans, J.-P.; Prinsen, E.; Van Oevelen, S.; D"Haen, J.; Smeets, K.; Taghavi, S.; Vangronsveld, J.

2011-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

159

Poulsen Hybrid, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Poulsen Hybrid, LLC Poulsen Hybrid, LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Poulsen Hybrid, LLC Address 6 Waterview Drive Place Shelton, Connecticut Zip 06615 Sector Vehicles Product Poulsen Hybrid Year founded 2007 Number of employees 1-10 Phone number 203-954-0050 Website http://www.poulsenhybrid.com Coordinates 41.2940567°, -73.0830626° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.2940567,"lon":-73.0830626,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

160

Hybrid automobile  

SciTech Connect

The invention discloses a parallel hybrid drive system for self propelled vehicles including a direct current motor-generator having a drive shaft in common with an internal combustion engine leading to a variable speed transmission and a final drive train. The motor-generator has a no-load speed, established by a separate field exciter, below which it drives the shaft as a motor and above which it is driven by the shaft as a generator. Storage batteries are operatively connected to the motor-generator to supply power to it below the no-load speed. The internal combustion engine operates over a small RPM range around its most efficient speed at a power level established by a fixed throttle setting. The transmission is operatively connected to an accelerator and direction selector switch to vary the speed and direction of the vehicle.

Lynch, T.E.; Eastman, D.P.; Price, R.P.

1979-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Gas Natural - CNG y GNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas Natural Dispensador de Gas Natural Gas Natural Dispensador de Gas Natural El gas natural, un combustible fósil compuesto básicamente de metano, es uno de los combustibles alternativos menos contaminantes. Puede ser usado como gas natural comprimido (GNC) o como gas natural licuado (GNL) para autos y camiones. Existen vehículos diseñados para funcionar exclusivamente con gas natural. Por otra parte hay vehículos de doble combustible o bi-combustibles que también puede funcionar con gasolina o diesel. Los vehículos de doble combustible permiten que el usuario aproveche la gran disponibilidad de gasolina o diesel, pero use la alternativa menos contaminante y más económica cuando el gas natural esté disponible. Ya que el gas natural es almacenado en depósitos de combustible de alta

162

Formula Hybrid International Competition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

challenge. We are delighted that they are directing their ingenuity and creativity to advancing hybrid with a traditional combustion engine into a hybrid vehicle, overcoming numerous technical challenges along the way of the hybrid gasoline engine, there are more components to a hybrid drivetrain, including the electric motor

Carver, Jeffrey C.

163

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print The inherently high surface area of bimetallic nanoparticles makes them especially attractive materials for heterogeneous catalysis. The ability to selectively grow these and other types of nanoparticles on a desired surface is ideal for the fabrication of higher-order nanoscale architectures. However, the growth mechanism for bimetallic nanoparticles on a surface is expected to be quite different than that for free particles in solution. The altered growth process can lead to modulations in stoichiometry, elemental homogeneity, and surface structure, all of which can profoundly affect the catalytic or magnetic properties of the bimetallic nanoparticles. Now, researchers have experimentally observed these subtle structural differences through x-ray absorption spectroscopic studies at ALS Beamline 10.3.2. The results illustrate how directed nanoparticle growth on specific surfaces can lead to hybrid nanomaterials with a structurally different bimetallic component than its unhybridized counterpart.

164

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print The inherently high surface area of bimetallic nanoparticles makes them especially attractive materials for heterogeneous catalysis. The ability to selectively grow these and other types of nanoparticles on a desired surface is ideal for the fabrication of higher-order nanoscale architectures. However, the growth mechanism for bimetallic nanoparticles on a surface is expected to be quite different than that for free particles in solution. The altered growth process can lead to modulations in stoichiometry, elemental homogeneity, and surface structure, all of which can profoundly affect the catalytic or magnetic properties of the bimetallic nanoparticles. Now, researchers have experimentally observed these subtle structural differences through x-ray absorption spectroscopic studies at ALS Beamline 10.3.2. The results illustrate how directed nanoparticle growth on specific surfaces can lead to hybrid nanomaterials with a structurally different bimetallic component than its unhybridized counterpart.

165

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print The inherently high surface area of bimetallic nanoparticles makes them especially attractive materials for heterogeneous catalysis. The ability to selectively grow these and other types of nanoparticles on a desired surface is ideal for the fabrication of higher-order nanoscale architectures. However, the growth mechanism for bimetallic nanoparticles on a surface is expected to be quite different than that for free particles in solution. The altered growth process can lead to modulations in stoichiometry, elemental homogeneity, and surface structure, all of which can profoundly affect the catalytic or magnetic properties of the bimetallic nanoparticles. Now, researchers have experimentally observed these subtle structural differences through x-ray absorption spectroscopic studies at ALS Beamline 10.3.2. The results illustrate how directed nanoparticle growth on specific surfaces can lead to hybrid nanomaterials with a structurally different bimetallic component than its unhybridized counterpart.

166

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print The inherently high surface area of bimetallic nanoparticles makes them especially attractive materials for heterogeneous catalysis. The ability to selectively grow these and other types of nanoparticles on a desired surface is ideal for the fabrication of higher-order nanoscale architectures. However, the growth mechanism for bimetallic nanoparticles on a surface is expected to be quite different than that for free particles in solution. The altered growth process can lead to modulations in stoichiometry, elemental homogeneity, and surface structure, all of which can profoundly affect the catalytic or magnetic properties of the bimetallic nanoparticles. Now, researchers have experimentally observed these subtle structural differences through x-ray absorption spectroscopic studies at ALS Beamline 10.3.2. The results illustrate how directed nanoparticle growth on specific surfaces can lead to hybrid nanomaterials with a structurally different bimetallic component than its unhybridized counterpart.

167

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print The inherently high surface area of bimetallic nanoparticles makes them especially attractive materials for heterogeneous catalysis. The ability to selectively grow these and other types of nanoparticles on a desired surface is ideal for the fabrication of higher-order nanoscale architectures. However, the growth mechanism for bimetallic nanoparticles on a surface is expected to be quite different than that for free particles in solution. The altered growth process can lead to modulations in stoichiometry, elemental homogeneity, and surface structure, all of which can profoundly affect the catalytic or magnetic properties of the bimetallic nanoparticles. Now, researchers have experimentally observed these subtle structural differences through x-ray absorption spectroscopic studies at ALS Beamline 10.3.2. The results illustrate how directed nanoparticle growth on specific surfaces can lead to hybrid nanomaterials with a structurally different bimetallic component than its unhybridized counterpart.

168

Highline Hydrogen Hybrids | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrogen Hybrids Hydrogen Hybrids Jump to: navigation, search Name Highline Hydrogen Hybrids Place farmington, Arkansas Zip 72730-1500 Sector Hydro, Hydrogen, Vehicles Product US-based manufacturer of hydrogen conversion systems for gasoline and diesel-powered vehicles. Coordinates 43.533982°, -88.093717° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.533982,"lon":-88.093717,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

169

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Hybrids, Hydrogen and other...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

avoided 318 INL Alternative Fuel Vehicles * 79 B20 motor coach buses * 7 Dedicated LNG motor coach buses * 154 Bi-fuel light-duty CNG vehicles * 52 Bi-fuel E85 (85% ethanol)...

170

Computer aided design tool for electric, hybrid electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research is focused on designing a new generation of CAD tools that could help a ”hybrid vehicle” designer with the design process to come up with better vehicle configurations.The conventional design process for any type ...

Ali Eskandari Halvaii / Mehrdad Ehsani

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Mesoscale hybrid calibration artifact  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mesoscale calibration artifact, also called a hybrid artifact, suitable for hybrid dimensional measurement and the method for make the artifact. The hybrid artifact has structural characteristics that make it suitable for dimensional measurement in both vision-based systems and touch-probe-based systems. The hybrid artifact employs the intersection of bulk-micromachined planes to fabricate edges that are sharp to the nanometer level and intersecting planes with crystal-lattice-defined angles.

Tran, Hy D. (Albuquerque, NM); Claudet, Andre A. (Albuquerque, NM); Oliver, Andrew D. (Waltham, MA)

2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

172

Hybrid armature projectile  

SciTech Connect

A projectile for a railgun that uses a hybrid armature and provides a seed block around part of the outer surface of the projectile to seed the hybrid plasma brush. In addition, the hybrid armature is continuously vaporized to replenish plasma in a plasma armature to provide a tandem armature and provides a unique ridge and groove to reduce plasama blowby.

Hawke, Ronald S. (Livermore, CA); Asay, James R. (Los Lunas, NM); Hall, Clint A. (Albuquerque, NM); Konrad, Carl H. (Albuquerque, NM); Sauve, Gerald L. (Berthoud, CO); Shahinpoor, Mohsen (Albuquerque, NM); Susoeff, Allan R. (Pleasanton, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Bus application of oxygen-enrichment technology and diesel-electric hybrid systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The amendments to the Clean Air Act (CAA) mandate very strict limits on particulate, smoke, and other emissions from city buses. The use of alternative fuels, such as compressed natural gas (CNG) or methanol, can help transit operators, such as the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA), meet the mandated limits. However, the capital investment needed to convert the fueling infrastructure and buses is large, as is the expense of training personnel. If a {open_quotes}clean diesel{close_quotes} bus can be implemented with the help of oxygen-enrichment technology or a diesel-electric hybrid system, this large investment could be postponed for many years. The Regional Transportation Authority (RTA) initiated this project to evaluate the possibility of applying these technologies to CTA buses. Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) conducted a limited number of engine tests and computer analyses and concluded that both concepts are practical and will help in a {open_quotes}clean diesel{close_quotes} bus that can meet the mandated limits of the CAA amendments. The oxygen enrichment of combustion air depends on the availability of a compact and economical membrane separator. Because the technology for this critical component is still under development, it is recommended that an actual bus demonstration be delayed until prototype membranes are available. The hybrid propulsion system is ready for the demonstration phase, and it is recommended that the CTA and RTA commence planning for a bus demonstration.

Sekar, R.R.; Marr, W.W.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Search for Model Year 2014 Vehicles by Fuel or Vehicle Type  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicle Type Model Year: 2014 Select Class... Diesel Vehicles Electric Vehicles Flex-Fuel (E85) Vehicles Hybrid Vehicles Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles...

175

Hydraulic Hybrid Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydraulic Hybrid Systems Hydraulic Hybrid Systems Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Hydraulic Hybrid Systems Name Hydraulic Hybrid Systems Address 320 N. Railroad Ave Place Loveland, Colorado Zip 80537 Sector Vehicles Product hydraulic hybrid system for light-duty vehicles Year founded 2008 Number of employees 11-50 Phone number 303-519-4144 Website http://www.hydraulichybridsyst Coordinates 40.394833°, -105.0758931° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.394833,"lon":-105.0758931,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

176

How Hybrids Work  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How Hybrids Work How Hybrids Work Diagram of full hybrid vehicle components, including (1) an internal combustion engine, (2) an electric motor, (3) a generator, (4) a power split device, and (5) a high-capacity battery. Flash Animation: How Hybrids Work (Requires Flash 6.0 or higher) HTML Version: How Hybrids Work Hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of gasoline engines and electric motors and can be configured to obtain different objectives, such as improved fuel economy, increased power, or additional auxiliary power for electronic devices and power tools. Some of the advanced technologies typically used by hybrids include Regenerative Braking. The electric motor applies resistance to the drivetrain causing the wheels to slow down. In return, the energy from the

177

2011 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hyundai Sonata Hybrid Hyundai Sonata Hybrid Test cell location 2WD Vehicle Setup Information Downloadable Dynamometer Database (D 3 )- Test Summary Sheet Vehicle architecture P2 HEV Vehicle Dynamometer Input Document date 8/7/2013 Advanced Powertrain Research Facility Test weight [lb] Target A [lb] 3750 26.8 Target B [lb/mph] Target C [lb/mph^2] 0.15 0.0145 Revision number 3 Notes: Test Fuel Information Fuel type EPA Tier II EEE Gasoline Fuel density [g/ml] Fuel Net HV [BTU/lbm] 0.742 18202 T e s t I D [ # ] C y c l e C o l d s t a r t ( C S t ) H o t s t a r t [ H S t ] D a t e T e s t C e l l T e m p [ C ] T e s t C e l l R H [ % ] T e s t C e l l B a r o [ i n / H g ] V e h i c l e c o o l i n g f a n s p e e d : S p e e d M a t c h [ S M ] o r c o n s t a n t s p e e d [ C S ] S o l a r L a m p s [ W / m 2 ] V e i c l e C l i m a t e C o n t r o l s e t t i n g s H o o d P o s i t i o n [ U p ] o r [ C l o s e d ] W i n d o w P o s i t i o n [ C l o s e d ] o r [ D o w n ] C y c l e D i s t a n c e [ m i ] C

178

A Dynamic household Alternative-fuel Vehicle Demand Model Using Stated and Revealed Transaction Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

non-electric vehicles, non-CNG vehicles, vehicle size, andrelated to ability to refuel EV or CNG vehicles at home.type vehicles: gasoline, CNG, methanol and EV. In the Wave-1

Sheng, Hongyan

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Hybridization and Selective Release of DNA Microarrays  

SciTech Connect

DNA microarrays contain sequence specific probes arrayed in distinct spots numbering from 10,000 to over 1,000,000, depending on the platform. This tremendous degree of multiplexing gives microarrays great potential for environmental background sampling, broad-spectrum clinical monitoring, and continuous biological threat detection. In practice, their use in these applications is not common due to limited information content, long processing times, and high cost. The work focused on characterizing the phenomena of microarray hybridization and selective release that will allow these limitations to be addressed. This will revolutionize the ways that microarrays can be used for LLNL's Global Security missions. The goals of this project were two-fold: automated faster hybridizations and selective release of hybridized features. The first study area involves hybridization kinetics and mass-transfer effects. the standard hybridization protocol uses an overnight incubation to achieve the best possible signal for any sample type, as well as for convenience in manual processing. There is potential to significantly shorten this time based on better understanding and control of the rate-limiting processes and knowledge of the progress of the hybridization. In the hybridization work, a custom microarray flow cell was used to manipulate the chemical and thermal environment of the array and autonomously image the changes over time during hybridization. The second study area is selective release. Microarrays easily generate hybridization patterns and signatures, but there is still an unmet need for methodologies enabling rapid and selective analysis of these patterns and signatures. Detailed analysis of individual spots by subsequent sequencing could potentially yield significant information for rapidly mutating and emerging (or deliberately engineered) pathogens. In the selective release work, optical energy deposition with coherent light quickly provides the thermal energy to single spots to release hybridized DNA. This work leverages LLNL expertise in optics, microfluids, and bioinformatics.

Beer, N R; Baker, B; Piggott, T; Maberry, S; Hara, C M; DeOtte, J; Benett, W; Mukerjee, E; Dzenitis, J; Wheeler, E K

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

180

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle's Waste Haulers are Going...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

truck, with sign that reads propelled by natural gas. Project at a Glance Fleet Type: Refuse collection Fuel: CNG, biodiesel Infrastructure: CNG public station Motivation:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Performance Characteristics of Lithium-ion Batteries of Various Chemistries for Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design. Simulations of Prius plug-in hybrids were performedpresented for a plug-in Prius-type vehicle using differentchemistries Simulations of Prius plug-in hybrids have been

Burke, Andrew; Miller, Marshall

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Hybrid Cooling Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Water consumption by power plants has become an increasingly contentious siting issue. In nearly all fossil-fired and nuclear plants, water for plant cooling is by far the greatest water requirement. Therefore, the use of water-conserving cooling systems such as dry or hybrid cooling is receiving increasing attention. This technology overview from the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) provides a brief introduction to hybrid cooling systems. As defined in the report, the term "hybrid cooling" refer...

2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

183

2011 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sonata Hybrid Test cell location 2WD Vehicle Setup Information Downloadable Dynamometer Database (D 3 )- Test Summary Sheet Vehicle architecture P2 HEV Vehicle Dynamometer Input...

184

Test des Systèmes hybrides.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Les systèmes hybrides, systèmes combinant à la fois une dynamique continue et discrète, s'avèrent être un modèle mathématique utile pour différents phénomènes physiques, technologiques, biologiques… (more)

Nahhal, Tarik

185

New & Upcoming Hybrid Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New & Upcoming Hybrids New & Upcoming Hybrids 2014 Model Year Vehicle EPA MPG Estimates Price (MSRP) Chevrolet Impala eAssist Large Car Chevrolet Impala eAssist Chart: City, 25; Highway, 35; Combined, 29 NA Infiniti Q50 Hybrid Compact Car Infiniti Q50 Hybrid Chart: City, 29; Highway, 36; Combined, 31 $43,950 Infiniti Q50 Hybrid AWD Compact Car Infiniti Q50 Hybrid AWD Chart: City, 28; Highway, 35; Combined, 30 $45,750 Infiniti Q50S Hybrid Compact Car Infiniti Q50S Hybrid Chart: City, 28; Highway, 34; Combined, 30 $46,350 Infiniti Q50S Hybrid AWD Compact Car Infiniti Q50S Hybrid AWD Chart: City, 27; Highway, 31; Combined, 28 $48,150 Infiniti QX60 Hybrid AWD Standard SUV Infiniti QX60 Hybrid AWD Chart: City, 25; Highway, 28; Combined, 26 NA Infiniti QX60 Hybrid FWD

186

Hybrid Fiber Optics  

SciTech Connect

Instruments and devices based on optical fiber were originally simple and passive. That has changed. A variety of devices uses optical fiber for sensing, communications and various optoelectronic functions. This paper discusses the creation of a hybrid optical fiber that incorporates not just the light transmission function but other types of materials and new multiple fiber arrangements. Recent experiences with a fiber draw tower reveal new possibilities for achieving multifunctional devices able to perform diverse instrumentation sensing applications. This is achievable even with feature sizes, when desired, on the nanoscale. For instance, fiber comprised of one or more light guides and one or more electrically conducting wires is feasible. This combination of optical fiber and metal wire may be termed a wiber . The wiber could determine temperature and proximity to surfaces, detect radio-frequency radiation, and provide electrical power. At the same time, a wiber would have the capability to simultaneously transmit light where the light is utilized to sense temperature and proximity and give illumination. There are many possible uses--depending on design and configuration--cutting across many technologies and programs.

Allison, Stephen W [ORNL; Simpson, John T [ORNL; Gillies, George [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of high fuel economy and low emissions with the power, range, and convenience of conventional diesel and gasoline fueling. HEV technologies also have potential to be combined with alternative fuels and fuel cells to provide additional benefits. Future offerings might also include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.

188

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compositional Variation Within Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print Wednesday, 29 September 2010 00:00 The inherently high surface area of bimetallic nanoparticles makes them especially attractive materials for heterogeneous catalysis. The ability to selectively grow these and other types of nanoparticles on a desired surface is ideal for the fabrication of higher-order nanoscale architectures. However, the growth mechanism for bimetallic nanoparticles on a surface is expected to be quite different than that for free particles in solution. The altered growth process can lead to modulations in stoichiometry, elemental homogeneity, and surface structure, all of which can profoundly affect the catalytic or magnetic properties of the bimetallic nanoparticles. Now, researchers have experimentally observed these subtle structural differences through x-ray absorption spectroscopic studies at ALS Beamline 10.3.2. The results illustrate how directed nanoparticle growth on specific surfaces can lead to hybrid nanomaterials with a structurally different bimetallic component than its unhybridized counterpart.

189

Denver SuperShuttle CNG Fleet Evaluation; Evaluacion de la flotilla de GNC de la empresa SuperShuttle de Denver  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A description of a joint effort between Denver SuperShuttle, the Gas Research Institute (GRI) and DOE that evaluated two types of bi-fuel and compressed natural gas.

LaRocque, T.

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Front Load (Contender, Atlantic, Low-Profile) Application: Refuse hauler Fuel Type: CNG Maximum Seating: 2...

191

Alternative Fueling Options for the University of Colorado Fleet Admir Draganovic1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sales (million) H2 hybrid fuel cell Electric CNG/LPG Plugin hybrid diesel Diesel hybrid Conventional and wasteful for everyone · 30 years ago ­ Synfuels (oil shale, coal) · 22 years ago ­ Methanol (and CNG) · 18 for everyone · 30 years ago ­ Synfuels (oil shale, coal) · 22 years ago ­ Methanol (and CNG) · 18 years ago

Colorado at Boulder, University of

192

DeRuyter Feasibility Report, May 2012 Page 1 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sales (million) H2 hybrid fuel cell Electric CNG/LPG Plugin hybrid diesel Diesel hybrid Conventional and wasteful for everyone · 30 years ago ­ Synfuels (oil shale, coal) · 22 years ago ­ Methanol (and CNG) · 18 for everyone · 30 years ago ­ Synfuels (oil shale, coal) · 22 years ago ­ Methanol (and CNG) · 18 years ago

Collins, Gary S.

193

Energy Basics: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

a hybrid electric vehicle. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of high fuel economy and low emissions with the power, range, and convenience of conventional diesel...

194

Molecular cloning and functional characterization of a new modulatory cyclic nucleotide-gated channel subunit from mouse retina  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channels play a key role in olfactory and visual transduction. Native CNG channels are heteromeric complexes consisting of the principal ? subunits (CNG1–3), which can form functional channels by themselves, and the modulatory ? subunits (CNG4–5). The individual ? and ? subunits that combine to form the CNG channels in rod photoreceptors (CNG1 ? CNG4) and olfactory neurons (CNG2 ? CNG4 ? CNG5) have been characterized. In contrast, only an ? subunit (CNG3) has been identified so far in cone photoreceptors. Here we report the molecular cloning of a new CNG channel subunit (CNG6) from mouse retina. The cDNA of CNG6 encodes a peptide of 694 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 80 kDa. Among the CNG channel subunits, CNG6 has the highest overall similarity to the CNG4 ? subunit (47% sequence identity). CNG6 transcripts are present in a small subset of retinal photoreceptor cells and also in testis. Heterologous expression of CNG6 in human embryonic kidney 293 cells did not lead to detectable currents. However, when coexpressed with the cone photoreceptor ? subunit, CNG6 induced a flickering channel gating, weakened the outward rectification in the presence of extracellular Ca 2 ? , increased the sensitivity for L-cis diltiazem, and enhanced the cAMP efficacy of the channel. Taken together, the data indicate that CNG6 represents a new CNG channel ? subunit that may associate with the CNG3 ? subunit to form the native cone channel. Key words: cone photoreceptor; cyclic nucleotide; cation channel; L-cis diltiazem; single-channel recording Cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channels are expressed in various cell types and tissues. Although the functional significance of CNG channel expression in most nonsensory tissues is still unclear, the role of the channels in signal transduction pathways of vertebrate sensory neurons has been well defined (Baylor, 1996;

Andrea Gerstner; Xiangang Zong; Franz Hofmann; Martin Biel

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Hybrid Vehicle Technology - Home  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* Batteries * Batteries * Modeling * Testing Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Materials Modeling, Simulation & Software Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles PSAT Smart Grid Student Competitions Technology Analysis Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center Working With Argonne Contact TTRDC Hybrid Vehicle Technology revolutionize transportation Argonne's Research Argonne researchers are developing and testing various hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and their components to identify the technologies, configurations, and engine control strategies that provide the best combination of high fuel economy and low emissions. Vehicle Validation Argonne also serves as the lead laboratory for hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) and technology validation for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). HIL is a

196

Artificial mismatch hybridization  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved nucleic acid hybridization process is provided which employs a modified oligonucleotide and improves the ability to discriminate a control nucleic acid target from a variant nucleic acid target containing a sequence variation. The modified probe contains at least one artificial mismatch relative to the control nucleic acid target in addition to any mismatch(es) arising from the sequence variation. The invention has direct and advantageous application to numerous existing hybridization methods, including, applications that employ, for example, the Polymerase Chain Reaction, allele-specific nucleic acid sequencing methods, and diagnostic hybridization methods.

Guo, Zhen (Madison, WI); Smith, Lloyd M. (Madison, WI)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Dual-Mode Hybrid/Two-Mode Hybrid Accomplishment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dual-Mode Hybrid/Two-Mode Hybrid Accomplishment Dual-Mode Hybrid/Two-Mode Hybrid Accomplishment DOE-funded research, in collaboration with Allison Buses and General Motors Corporation has led to the commercialization of a dramatically different hybrid transmission system for heavy-duty and light-duty applications. The Dual-Mode or Two-Mode hybrid system is an infinitely variable speed hybrid transmission that works with the engine and battery system and automatically chooses to operate in a parallel or series hybrid path to maximize efficiency and minimize emissions, fuel consumption and noise. Parallel and Series hybrid configurations are found on most hybrid vehicles today, both with their own pluses and minuses. The Dual- Mode/Two-Mode systems uses the positive characteristics from both systems to maximize fuel

198

Design of hybrid controller for dynamic positioning from calm to extreme sea conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-level control of dynamic positioning systems on marine vessels using hybrid controller is developed to extend the operational weather window for marine operations to harsh environments. The types of hybrid controller considered are multi-output ... Keywords: Dynamic positioning, Extreme conditions, Hybrid controller, Marine vessels

Trong Dong Nguyen; Asgeir J. Sørensen; Ser Tong Quek

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Hybrid matrix geometric algebra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structures of matrix algebra and geometric algebra are completely compatible and in many ways complimentary, each having their own advantages and disadvantages. We present a detailed study of the hybrid 2 × 2 matrix geometric algebra M(2,IG) ...

Garret Sobczyk; Gordon Erlebacher

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Hybrid Systems Diagnosis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on an on-going project to investigate techniques to diagnose complex dynamical systems that are modeled as hybrid systems. In particular, we examine continuous systems with embedded supervisory controllers that experience abrupt, partial ...

Sheila A. McIlraith; Gautam Biswas; Dan Clancy; Vineet Gupta

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Diesel hybridization and emissions.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The CTR Vehicle Systems and Fuels team a diesel hybrid powertrain. The goal of this experiment was to investigate and demonstrate the potential of diesel engines for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) in a fuel economy and emissions. The test set-up consisted of a diesel engine coupled to an electric motor driving a Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT). This hybrid drive is connected to a dynamometer and a DC electrical power source creating a vehicle context by combining advanced computer models and emulation techniques. The experiment focuses on the impact of the hybrid control strategy on fuel economy and emissions-in particular, nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) and particulate matter (PM). The same hardware and test procedure were used throughout the entire experiment to assess the impact of different control approaches.

Pasquier, M.; Monnet, G.

2004-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

202

Assimilating hybridized architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thesis searches for means of operation to deal with hybridized architecture. As a conceptual framework, sociology theory appears to be an insightful precedent, for it analyzes and classifies how multiple constituents ...

Wu, Jane C., 1977-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

A Hybrid Unit Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for Electricity and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Series connection of two types of cells leads to a hybrid unit capable of delivering electricity and clean hydrogen. The role of electrodes on the operation of the ...

204

Testing Electric Vehicle Demand in "Hybrid Households" Using a Reflexive Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

new feanlres of compressed natural gas. battery poweredgasoline, compressed natural gas, hybrid dectdc, two typesNatural gas vehicles (NGVs) were available with one two compressed

Kurani, Kenneth S.; Turrentine, Thomas; Sperling, Daniel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Testing Electric Vehicle Demand in `Hybrid Households' Using a Reflexive Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

new features of compressed natural gas, battery poweredgasoline, compressed natural gas, hybrid electric, two typesNatural gas vehicles (NGVs) were available with one or two compressed

Kurani, Kenneth; Turrentine, Thomas; Sperling, Daniel

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Plug-in Hybrid Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plug-in Hybrid Links Plug-in Hybrid Links Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov Web site. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles and Manufacturers Chevrolet Volt Official site for the Chevrolet Volt Cadillac ELR Official site for the Cadillac ELR (arriving early 2014) Ford C-MAX Energi Plug-in Hybrid Official site for the C-MAX Energi Plug-in Hybrid Ford Fusion Energi Plug-in Hybrid Official site for the Fusion Energi Plug-in Hybrid Honda Accord Plug-in Official site for the Honda Accord Plug-in Hybrid Toyota Prius Plug-in Official site for the Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Plug-in-Related Information and Tools

207

Hybrid Systems Architectures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ion suppression of lower-level information not relevant for the current task Encapsulation (information hiding) implementation details are hidden, only interface information is visible F. Kurfeß Hybrid System Architectures ASHS '96 37 Inheritance common characteristics are derived from ancestors Polymorphism appropriate instances of classes and operators can be selected at runtime Advantages ffl very flexible ffl suitable for large systems ffl support reuse Problems ffl handling of new and atypical situations ffl quite complex ffl formal verification F. Kurfeß Hybrid System Architectures ASHS '96 38 Expert System What is an Expert System? Basic concepts ffl designer / user supplies facts and information ffl user asks queries and receives expert advice ffl limited to a problem domain (knowledge domain) Components ffl user interface ffl knowledge base ffl inference mechanism Synonyms: knowledge-based system, knowledge-based expert system F. Kurfeß Hybrid System Archi...

Franz J. Kurfeß

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transportation Association Conference Transportation Association Conference Vancouver, Canada December 2005 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing Jim Francfort U.S. Department of Energy - FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program, Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity INL/CON-05-00964 Presentation Outline * Background & goals * Testing partners * Hybrid electric vehicle testing - Baseline performance testing (new HEV models) - 1.5 million miles of HEV fleet testing (160k miles per vehicle in 36 months) - End-of-life HEV testing (rerun fuel economy & conduct battery testing @ 160k miles per vehicle) - Benchmark data: vehicle & battery performance, fuel economy, maintenance & repairs, & life-cycle costs * WWW information location Background * Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) - part of the

209

Diagnostics for hybrid reactors  

SciTech Connect

The Hybrid Reactor(HR) can be considered an attractive actinide-burner or a fusion assisted transmutation for destruction of transuranic(TRU) nuclear waste. The hybrid reactor has two important subsystems: the tokamak neutron source and the blanket which includes a fuel zone where the TRU are placed and a tritium breeding zone. The diagnostic system for a HR must be as simple and robust as possible to monitor and control the plasma scenario, guarantee the protection of the machine and monitor the transmutation.

Orsitto, Francesco Paolo [ENEA Unita' Tecnica Fusione , Associazione ENEA-EURATOM sulla Fusione C R Frascati v E Fermi 45 00044 Frascati (Italy)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

210

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid...

211

Issue 5: High Interest in Hybrid Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Associates. (2002). Hybrid Vehicle Consumer Acceptancedefinitely” consider a hybrid vehicle, and any of these werepercent or more for a hybrid vehicle. O THER V ARIATIONS IN

Ong, Paul M.; Haselhoff, Kim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Quantifying the benefits of hybrid vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the last century. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) reduceon their design, hybrid electric vehicles employ electricof this paper, hybrid electric vehicles are a broad set of

Turrentine, Tom; Delucchi, Mark; Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Sun, Yongling

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Efficient simulation of hybrid systems: A hybrid bond graph approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate and efficient simulations facilitate cost-effective design and analysis of large, complex, embedded systems, whose behaviors are typically hybrid, i.e. continuous behaviors interspersed with discrete mode changes. In this paper we present an ... Keywords: component-oriented modeling, dynamic causal assignment, hybrid bond graphs, modeling and simulation environments, simulation of hybrid systems

Indranil Roychoudhury; Matthew J Daigle; Gautam Biswas; Xenofon Koutsoukos

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Plug-In Hybrid Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

215

Standards Development as Hybridization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While users in the rest of the World have been offered 3G mobile phones based on either the CDMA2000 or W-CDMA standards, users in China have the additional option of using phones based on the TD-SCDMA standard. As a technology largely developed by Chinese ... Keywords: Global, Hybridization, Indigenous, Innovation, Mobile Phones, National, Technology

Xiaobai Shen, Ian Graham, James Stewart, Robin Williams

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Federal Tax Credits for Hybrids  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrids Hybrids Hybrid Vehicle Photo Federal tax credit up to $3,400! Hybrids purchased or placed into service after December 31, 2005 may be eligible for a federal income tax credit of up to $3,400. Credit amounts begin to phase out for a given manufacturer once it has sold over 60,000 eligible vehicles. Vehicles purchased after December 31, 2010 are not eligible for this credit. The information below is provided for those filing amended tax returns for previous years. BMW Chrysler/Dodge Ford Brands GM Brands Honda Mazda Mercedes Nissan Porsche Toyota/Lexus 2011 Vehicle Make & Model Full Credit Phase Out No Credit 50% 25% BMW Jan. 1, 2006 TBD TBD Jan. 1, 2011 BMW ActiveHybrid 750i 2011 BMW ActiveHybrid 750i $900 -- -- $0 BMW ActiveHybrid 750Li 2011 BMW ActiveHybrid 750Li $900 -- -- $0

217

New Plug-in Hybrids  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cars 2014 Midsize Cars Fuel Economy Specs 2013 Chevrolet Volt 2012 Fisker Karma Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle 2012 Chevy Volt Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle 2012 Karma Fisker Configuration...

218

Mirror fusion--fission hybrids  

SciTech Connect

The fusion-fission concept and the mirror fusion-fission hybrid program are outlined. Magnetic mirror fusion drivers and blankets for hybrid reactors are discussed. Results of system analyses are presented and a reference design is described.

Lee, J.D.

1978-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Hybrid and Hierarchical Composite Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chang Soo Kim, University of Wisconsin -Milwaukee. Scope, Hybrid and hierarchical composite materials have several advantageous characteristics that  ...

220

Societal lifetime cost of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis shows that hybrid and electric cars perform bettercar (4-5 passengers) Fuels Gasoline, CNG, diesel, FT50, methanol, H2 Powertrains ICE, hybrid,

Sun, Yongling; Ogden, J; Delucchi, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Battery Technology for Hybrid Vehicles Marshall Miller  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Battery Technology for Hybrid Vehicles Marshall Miller May 13, 2008 H2 #12;Energy Storage Lithium-ion Batteries Battery manufact. Electrode chemistry Voltage range Ah Resist. mOhm Wh/kg W/kg 95 hydride 7.2-5.4 6.5 11.4 46 208 1.04 1.8 #12;Comparisons of Lithium Battery Chemistries Technology type

California at Davis, University of

222

SolarHybrid AG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SolarHybrid AG Jump to: navigation, search Name SolarHybrid AG Place Germany Sector Solar Product Germany-based solar thermal hybrid product manufacturer References SolarHybrid...

223

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid Electric Hybrid Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Batteries Deployment Maintenance & Safety Laws & Incentives Hybrids Plug-In Hybrids All-Electric Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles

224

Hybrids for Photovoltaics - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid Organic: Inorganic Materials for Alternative Energy: Hybrids for Photovoltaics Program Organizers: Andrei Jitianu, Lehman College, City University of ...

225

Hybrids for Batteries and Fuel Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid Organic: Inorganic Materials for Alternative Energy: Hybrids for Batteries and Fuel Cells Program Organizers: Andrei Jitianu, Lehman College, City ...

226

Can a Hybrid Save Me Money?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Can a Hybrid Save Me Money? Can a Hybrid Save Me Money? Step 1: Show me a hybrid. I want to compare... 2013 Acura ILX Hybrid 2013 Acura ILX Hybrid Tech Pkg 2014 Buick LaCrosse eAssist 2013 Cadillac Escalade Hybrid 2WD 2013 Cadillac Escalade Hybrid 4WD 2013 Chevrolet Malibu Eco 2SA 2013 Ford Fusion Hybrid 2013 Ford Fusion Hybrid Titanium 2013 GMC Yukon Denali Hybrid 2WD 2013 GMC Yukon Denali Hybrid 4WD 2013 Honda Insight 2013 Honda Civic Hybrid 2013 Honda Civic Hybrid w/ Nav 2013 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid 2013 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid Limited 2013 Infiniti M35h 2014 Infiniti Q50 Hybrid Premium 2014 Infiniti Q50 Hybrid Premium AWD 2013 Kia Optima Hybrid 2013 Lexus ES 300h 2013 Lexus GS 450h 2013 Lincoln MKZ Hybrid 2013 Toyota Avalon Hybrid XLE Touring 2013 Toyota Avalon Hybrid Limited 2014 Toyota Camry Hybrid LE 2014 Toyota Camry Hybrid XLE 2013 Toyota Highlander Hybrid 4WD 2013 Toyota Prius c One 2013 Toyota Prius Two

227

Analysis of village hybrid systems in Chile  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Chile recently began a major rural electrification program to electrify those 240,000 families (about half of the rural people) who lack electricity access. In this paper, we discuss a pilot project to electrify three remote villages in Chile`s Region IX using wind/genset/battery hybrids. The intent of this project is to demonstrate the reliability and cost-effectiveness of wind/genset/battery hybrids and to encourage replication of these types of systems in Chile`s electrification program. For each village, electricity connections are planned for several residences, and also schools, health posts, community centers, or chapels. Projected average daily loads are small, ranging from 4 to 10 kWh. Using the optimization program HOMER and the simulation program Hybrid2, we evaluated options to maximize technical performance, minimize costs, and gain experience with a variety of systems and components. We find that wind/genset/battery hybrids will be able to provide cost-effective, reliable power for these sites. More importantly, their inherent flexibility allows for variations in load and resource without greatly affecting the cost of energy.

Lew, D J; Corbus, D; Holz, R [and others

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Full Hybrid: Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

highlighted Stop/Start button banner graphic: blue bar highlighted Stop/Start button banner graphic: blue bar subbanner graphic: gray bar Overview Button highlighted Starting button Low Speed button Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button OVERVIEW Full hybrids use a gasoline engine as the primary source of power, and an electric motor provides additional power when needed. In addition, full hybrids can use the electric motor as the sole source of propulsion for low-speed, low-acceleration driving, such as in stop-and-go traffic or for backing up. This electric-only driving mode can further increase fuel efficiency under some driving conditions. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

229

Full Hybrid: Overview  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

highlighted Starting button Low Speed button Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button highlighted Starting button Low Speed button Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button OVERVIEW Full hybrids use a gasoline engine as the primary source of power, and an electric motor provides additional power when needed. In addition, full hybrids can use the electric motor as the sole source of propulsion for low-speed, low-acceleration driving, such as in stop-and-go traffic or for backing up. This electric-only driving mode can further increase fuel efficiency under some driving conditions. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

230

Hybrid electroluminescent devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid electroluminescent (EL) device comprises at least one inorganic diode element and at least one organic EL element that are electrically connected in series. The absolute value of the breakdown voltage of the inorganic diode element is greater than the absolute value of the maximum reverse bias voltage across the series. The inorganic diode element can be a power diode, a Schottky barrier diode, or a light-emitting diode.

Shiang, Joseph John (Niskayuna, NY); Duggal, Anil Raj (Niskayuna, NY); Michael, Joseph Darryl (Schenectady, NY)

2010-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

231

Mirror hybrid reactors  

SciTech Connect

The fusion-fission hybrid is a combination of the fusion and fission processes, having features which are complementary. Fission energy is running out of readily available fuel, and fusion has extra neutrons which can be used to breed that fission fuel. Fusion would have to take on an extra burden of radioactivity, but this early application would give fusion, which does not work well enough now to make power, practical experience which may accelerate development of pure fusion.

Moir, R.W.

1978-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

232

Maintenance Sheet for 2013 Honda Civic CNG  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5CE002486 Date Mileage Description Cost 212013 7,892 Changed oil and filter and rotated tires 79.32 3292013 15,816 Changed oil and filter and rotated tires 70.68 5302013...

233

Maintenance Sheet for 2013 Honda Civic CNG  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0CE002590 Date Mileage Description Cost 1252013 7,925 Changed oil and filter and rotated tires 79.32 3252013 15,641 Changed oil and filter and rotated tires 70.68 5212013...

234

CNG a Natural for Tulsa Public Schools  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This 2-page Clean Cities fact sheet describes the use of natural gas power for Tulsa Public Schools' fleet of buses and cars. It includes information on the history of the program, along with contact information for the local Clean Cities Coordinator and Tulsa Public Schools.

Not Available

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Maintenance Sheet for 2013 Honda Civic CNG  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7CE000612 Date Mileage Description Cost 1172013 6,327 Changed oil and filter and rotated tires 79.32 362013 15,159 Changed oil and filter and rotated tires 70.68 572013...

236

UPS CNG Truck Fleet Final Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in this report could easily be used to recalculate the fuel cost based on other fuel prices. Engine Oil Consumption and Cost Engine oil consumption is mea- sured by recording...

237

Hybrid2: The hybrid power system simulation model  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

There is a large-scale need and desire for energy in remote communities, especially in the developing world; however the lack of a user friendly, flexible performance prediction model for hybrid power systems incorporating renewables hindered the analysis of hybrids (including wind turbines, PV, diesel generators, AC/DC energy storage) as options to conventional solutions. A user friendly model was needed with the versatility to simulate the many system locations, widely varying hardware configurations, and differing control options for potential hybrid power systems. To meet these ends, NREL and U. Mass. researchers developed the Hybrid2 software. This paper provides an overview of the capabilities, features, and functionality of the Hybrid2 code, discusses its validation and future plans. Model availability and technical support provided to Hybrid2 users are also discussed.

Baring-Gould, E I; Green, H J; van Dijk, V A.P. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Manwell, J F [Massachusetts Univ., Amherst, MA (United States). Renewable Energy Research Lab.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Hybrid Geothermal Heat Pump System Research Geothermal Project | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hybrid Geothermal Heat Pump System Research Geothermal Project Hybrid Geothermal Heat Pump System Research Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Hybrid Geothermal Heat Pump System Research Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program: Ground Source Heat Pumps Project Type / Topic 2 Topic Area 2: Data Gathering and Analysis Project Description Geothermal, or ground-source heat pump systems have been shown to have superior energy performance to conventional heating and cooling systems in many building types and climates. There has been significant growth in the application of these systems; yet, geothermal systems have only been able to capture a few percent of the heating and cooling market. This is due primarily to the prohibitively high cost of installing the necessary ground loop.

239

Solar thermal electric hybridization issues  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solar thermal electric systems have an advantage over many other renewable energy technologies because the former use heat as an intermediate energy carrier. This is an advantage as it allows for a relatively simple method of hybridization by using heat from fossil-fuel. Hybridization of solar thermal electric systems is a topic that has recently generated significant interest and controversy and has led to many diverse opinions. This paper discusses many of the issues associated with hybridization of solar thermal electric systems such as what role hybridization should play; how it should be implemented; what are the efficiency, environmental, and cost implications; what solar fraction is appropriate; how hybrid systems compete with solar-only systems; and how hybridization can impact commercialization efforts for solar thermal electric systems.

Williams, T A; Bohn, M S; Price, H W

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Hybrid Geothermal Heat Pump Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid geothermal heat pump systems offer many of the benefits of full geothermal systems but at lower installed costs. A hybrid geothermal system combines elements of a conventional water loop heat pump system in order to reduce the geothermal loop heat exchanger costs, which are probably the largest cost element of a geothermal system. These hybrid systems have been used successfully where sufficient ground space to install large heat exchangers for full geothermal options was unavailable, or where the...

2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Energy Basics: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Fuels Printable Version Share this resource Fuels Vehicles Electric Vehicles Flexible Fuel Vehicles Fuel Cell Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Natural Gas Vehicles Propane...

242

Vehicle Technologies Office: Hybrid and Vehicle Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid and Vehicle Hybrid and Vehicle Systems to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Hybrid and Vehicle Systems on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Hybrid and Vehicle Systems on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Hybrid and Vehicle Systems on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Hybrid and Vehicle Systems on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Hybrid and Vehicle Systems on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Hybrid and Vehicle Systems on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Modeling & Simulation Integration & Validation Benchmarking Parasitic Loss Reduction Propulsion Systems Advanced Vehicle Evaluations Energy Storage Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines

243

Hybrid vehicle potential assessment. Volume 7. Hybrid vehicle review  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Review of hybrid vehicles (HVs) built during the past ten years or planned to be built in the near future is presented. An attempt is made to classify and analyze these vehicles to get an overall picture of their key characteristics. The review includes on-road hybrid passenger cars, trucks, vans, and buses.

Leschly, K.O.

1979-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

244

Hybrid solar lighting distribution systems and components  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hybrid solar lighting distribution system and components having at least one hybrid solar concentrator, at least one fiber receiver, at least one hybrid luminaire, and a light distribution system operably connected to each hybrid solar concentrator and each hybrid luminaire. A controller operates all components.

Muhs, Jeffrey D. (Lenoir City, TN); Earl, Dennis D. (Knoxville, TN); Beshears, David L. (Knoxville, TN); Maxey, Lonnie C. (Powell, TN); Jordan, John K. (Oak Ridge, TN); Lind, Randall F. (Lenoir City, TN)

2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

245

Hybrid solar lighting systems and components  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid solar lighting system and components having at least one hybrid solar concentrator, at least one fiber receiver, at least one hybrid luminaire, and a light distribution system operably connected to each hybrid solar concentrator and each hybrid luminaire. A controller operates each component.

Muhs, Jeffrey D. (Lenoir City, TN); Earl, Dennis D. (Knoxville, TN); Beshears, David L. (Knoxville, TN); Maxey, Lonnie C. (Powell, TN); Jordan, John K. (Oak Ridge, TN); Lind, Randall F. (Lenoir City, TN)

2007-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

246

Scenario analysis of hybrid class 3-7 heavy vehicles.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The effects of hybridization on heavy-duty vehicles are not well understood. Heavy vehicles represent a broader range of applications than light-duty vehicles, resulting in a wide variety of chassis and engine combinations, as well as diverse driving conditions. Thus, the strategies, incremental costs, and energy/emission benefits associated with hybridizing heavy vehicles could differ significantly from those for passenger cars. Using a modal energy and emissions model, they quantify the potential energy savings of hybridizing commercial Class 3-7 heavy vehicles, analyze hybrid configuration scenarios, and estimate the associated investment cost and payback time. From the analysis, they conclude that (1) hybridization can significantly reduce energy consumption of Class 3-7 heavy vehicles under urban driving conditions; (2) the grid-independent, conventional vehicle (CV)-like hybrid is more cost-effective than the grid-dependent, electric vehicle (EV)-like hybrid, and the parallel configuration is more cost-effective than the series configuration; (3) for CV-like hybridization, the on-board engine can be significantly downsized, with a gasoline or diesel engine used for SUVs perhaps being a good candidate for an on-board engine; (4) over the long term, the incremental cost of a CV-like, parallel-configured Class 3-4 hybrid heavy vehicle is about %5,800 in the year 2005 and $3,000 in 2020, while for a Class 6-7 truck, it is about $7,100 in 2005 and $3,300 in 2020; and (5) investment payback time, which depends on the specific type and application of the vehicle, averages about 6 years under urban driving conditions in 2005 and 2--3 years in 2020.

An, F.; Stodolsky, F.; Vyas, A.; Cuenca, R.; Eberhardt, J. J.

1999-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

247

Effects of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Images of Hybrid Vehicles Each of the householdsbetween hybrid and non-hybrid vehicles was observed in smallowned Honda Civic Hybrids, vehicles that are virtually

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Ken; Turrentine, Tom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

JV between Paratransit Inc and Hybrid Technologies Inc | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Paratransit Inc and Hybrid Technologies Inc Paratransit Inc and Hybrid Technologies Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name JV between Paratransit, Inc and Hybrid Technologies, Inc Place Sacramento, California Zip 95822 Sector Vehicles Product JV to determine the utility of lithium powered vehicles produced by Hybrid Technologies for taxicabs and vehicles that are fully accessible to disabled passengers. Coordinates 38.579065°, -121.491014° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.579065,"lon":-121.491014,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

249

Conceptual innovations in hybrid reactors  

SciTech Connect

A number of innovations in the conception of fusion-fission hybrid reactors, including the blanket, the fusion driver, the coupling of the fusion and the fission components as well as the application of hybrid reactors are described, and their feasibility assessed.

Greenspan, E.; Miley, G.H.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

www.transportation.anl.gov Argonne Hosts Chinese-American Olympics Planning Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas (CNG) can reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (g-CO2 equivalent/ mile) by ~21%. Converting NG on CNG or liquefied natural gas (LNG). Current ICEs will need to be modified for use with NG, however for the use of NG in transportation: 1. CNG NGV hybrid: 28% efficiency, 250-mile range; 2. NG H2 FCV

Kemner, Ken

251

STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Screening Did Not Pass BAE Systems Inc.: CNG-Hybrid Electric Refuse Collection Vehicle $1,200,000.00 $0 Technology dba Gas Technology Institute (GTI) Demonstration of Omnitek-TEDOM 12- liter SESI CNG Engine Demonstration of Omnitek-TEDOM 13- liter SESI CNG Engine in Utility Applications $318,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0

252

Issue 5: High Interest in Hybrid Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2005). “High Interest in Hybrid Cars. ” SCS Fact Sheet, Vol.May 2005 High Interest in Hybrid Cars I NTRODUCTION PublicThe unique features of a hybrid car mean that it is more

Ong, Paul M.; Haselhoff, Kim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Quantifying the benefits of hybrid vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

secrets, but the price of hybrid cars and trucks are betweenCosts of hybrid vehicles Depending on whether a car companydiesel-hybrid prototypes that attained 70 MPG (Green Car

Turrentine, Tom; Delucchi, Mark; Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Sun, Yongling

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Quantifying the benefits of hybrid vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Emergence of Hybrid Vehicles: Ending oil’s strangleholdthe benefits of hybrid vehicles Dr. Thomas Turrentine Dr.the benefits of hybrid vehicles Report prepared for CSAA Dr.

Turrentine, Tom; Delucchi, Mark; Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Sun, Yongling

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Hybrid powertrain controller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid powertrain for a vehicle comprising a diesel engine and an electric motor in a parallel arrangement with a multiple ratio transmission located on the torque output side of the diesel engine, final drive gearing connecting drivably the output shaft of transmission to traction wheels of the vehicle, and an electric motor drivably coupled to the final drive gearing. A powertrain controller schedules fuel delivered to the diesel engine and effects a split of the total power available, a portion of the power being delivered by the diesel and the balance of the power being delivered by the motor. A shifting schedule for the multiple ratio transmission makes it possible for establishing a proportional relationship between accelerator pedal movement and torque desired at the wheels. The control strategy for the powertrain maintains drivability of the vehicle that resembles drivability of a conventional spark ignition vehicle engine powertrain while achieving improved fuel efficiency and low exhaust gas emissions.

Jankovic, Miroslava (Birmingham, MI); Powell, Barry Kay (Belleville, MI)

2000-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

256

Generalized Forchheimer Equation for Two-Phase Flow Based on Hybrid Mixture Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we derive a Forchheimer-type equation for two-phase flow through an isotropic porous medium using hybrid mixture theory. Hybrid mixture theory consists of classical mixture theory applied to a multiphase system with volume averaged equations. ...

Lynn S Bennethum; Tizian Giorgi

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Hybrid two fuel system nozzle with a bypass connecting the two fuel systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hybrid fuel combustion nozzle for use with natural gas, syngas, or other types of fuels. The hybrid fuel combustion nozzle may include a natural gas system with a number of swozzle vanes and a syngas system with a number of co-annular fuel tubes.

Varatharajan, Balachandar (Cincinnati, OH); Ziminsky, Willy Steve (Simpsonville, SC); Yilmaz, Ertan (Albany, NY); Lacy, Benjamin (Greer, SC); Zuo, Baifang (Simpsonville, SC); York, William David (Greer, SC)

2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

258

Transport Test Problems for Hybrid Methods Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents 9 test problems to guide testing and development of hybrid calculations for the ADVANTG code at ORNL. These test cases can be used for comparing different types of radiation transport calculations, as well as for guiding the development of variance reduction methods. Cases are drawn primarily from existing or previous calculations with a preference for cases which include experimental data, or otherwise have results with a high level of confidence, are non-sensitive, and represent problem sets of interest to NA-22.

Shaver, Mark W.; Miller, Erin A.; Wittman, Richard S.; McDonald, Benjamin S.

2011-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

259

Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Figures Figure ES-1. Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Basicviii Figure 1. Advanced-Coal Wind Hybrid: Basic29 Figure 9. Sensitivity to Coal

Phadke, Amol

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Figures Figure ES-1. Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Basicviii Figure 1. Advanced-Coal Wind Hybrid: Basic21 Figure 6. Comparison of ACWH and CCGT-Wind

Phadke, Amol

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Quantifying the benefits of hybrid vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

century. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) reduce emissionsas plug-in HEVs and full electric vehicles to market. In theon their design, hybrid electric vehicles employ electric

Turrentine, Tom; Delucchi, Mark; Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Sun, Yongling

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Chevrolet Silverado Hybrid...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chevrolet Silverado Hybrid Electric Vehicle Accelerated Reliability Testing - April 2009 to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Chevrolet Silverado Hybrid...

263

Calibration of Hygrometers with the Hybrid Humidity ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Hybrid Humidity Generator ... The HHG combines the two-pressure and divided-flow humidity generation techniques (hence the name “hybrid”). ...

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

264

Hybrid Car Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hybrid Car Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Hybrid Car Calculator AgencyCompany Organization: New American Dream Phase: "Evaluate Options and Determine...

265

Vehicle Technologies Office: Hybrid and Vehicle Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid and Vehicle Systems Hybrid and vehicle systems research provides an overarching vehicle systems perspective to the technology research and development (R&D) activities of...

266

Just the Basics - Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) offer reduced pollution and improved fuel economy. That's why the government and auto- makers are anxious to introduce a...

267

2010 Hyundai LPI Hybrid Test Cell Location  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hyundai LPI Hybrid Test Cell Location APRF- 4WD Vehicle Setup Information Downloadable Dynamometer Database (D 3 )- Test Summary Sheet Vehicle Architecture Alternative Fuel Hybrid...

268

Development of a Novel Air Hybrid Engine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An air hybrid vehicle is an alternative to the electric hybrid vehicle that stores the kinetic energy of the vehicle during braking in the form… (more)

Fazeli, Amir

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Hydrogen atom as a quantum-classical hybrid system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen atom is studied as a quantum-classical hybrid system, where the proton is treated as a classical object while the electron is regarded as a quantum object. We use a well known mean-field approach to describe this hybrid hydrogen atom; the resulting dynamics for the electron and the proton is compared to their full quantum dynamics. The electron dynamics in the hybrid description is found to be only marginally different from its full quantum counterpart. The situation is very different for the proton: in the hybrid description, the proton behaves like a free particle; in the fully quantum description, the wave packet center of the proton orbits around the center of mass. Furthermore, we find that the failure to describe the proton dynamics properly can be regarded as a manifestation of the fact that there is no conservation of momentum in the mean-field hybrid approach. We expect that such a failure is a common feature for all existing approaches for quantum-classical hybrid systems of Born-Oppenheimer type.

Fei Zhan; Biao Wu

2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

270

Fuel Economy Web Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FuelEconomy.gov Web Services FuelEconomy.gov Web Services Data Description atvtype - alternative fuel or advanced technology vehicle Bifuel (CNG) - Bi-fuel gasoline and compressed natural gas vehicle Bifuel (LPG) - Bi-fuel gasoline and propane vehicle CNG - Compressed natural gas vehicle Diesel - Diesel vehicle EV - Electric vehicle FFV - Flexible fueled vehicle (gasoline or E85) Hybrid - Hybrid vehicle Plug-in Hybrid - Plug-in hybrid vehicle drive - drive axle type 2-Wheel Drive 4-Wheel Drive* 4-Wheel or All-Wheel Drive* All-Wheel Drive* Front-Wheel Drive Part-time 4-Wheel Drive* Rear-Wheel Drive *Prior to Model Year 2010 EPA did not differentiate between All Wheel Drive and Four Wheel Drive salesArea - EPA sales area code. The area of the country where the vehicle can legally be sold. New federally certified vehicles can be sold in all states except California

271

A hybrid type small 5-axis CNC milling machine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5-axis CNC milling machines are important in a number of industries ranging from aerospace to consumer-die-mold machining because they can deliver high machining accuracy with a spindle tilting capacity. Most of these ...

Son, Seung-Kil, 1964-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Hybrid lighting: Illuminating our future  

SciTech Connect

Hybrid lighting is a combination of natural and artificial illumination to be used indoors for all lighting needs. Ideally, hybrid lighting is effectively indistinguishable from standard artificial lighting except in quality and cost, where it will likely be an improvement. Hybrid lighting systems are produced by a combination of four technologies: collecting natural light, generating artificial light, transporting and distributing light to where it is needed, and controlling the amounts of both natural and artificial light continuously during usage. Lighting demands a large fraction of our energy needs. If we can control or decrease this demand, we are able to accommodate societal growth without energy demand growth.

Cates, M.R.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

273

Hybrid Vehicle Program. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes the activities on the Hybrid Vehicle Program. The program objectives and the vehicle specifications are reviewed. The Hybrid Vehicle has been designed so that maximum use can be made of existing production components with a minimum compromise to program goals. The program status as of the February 9-10 Hardware Test Review is presented, and discussions of the vehicle subsystem, the hybrid propulsion subsystem, the battery subsystem, and the test mule programs are included. Other program aspects included are quality assurance and support equipment. 16 references, 132 figures, 47 tables.

None

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

The Public, the Private and the Hybrid: Mapping the Governance of Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Public, the Private and the Hybrid: Mapping the Governance of Energy The Public, the Private and the Hybrid: Mapping the Governance of Energy Finance Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: The Public, the Private and the Hybrid: Mapping the Governance of Energy Finance Agency/Company /Organization: Economic and Social Research Council Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Finance Resource Type: Publications Website: www.uea.ac.uk/dev/gcd/Newell+2010 The Public, the Private and the Hybrid: Mapping the Governance of Energy Finance Screenshot References: The Public, the Private and the Hybrid: Mapping the Governance of Energy Finance[1] This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. References ↑ "The Public, the Private and the Hybrid: Mapping the Governance of Energy Finance"

275

Trajectory estimation for a hybrid rocket Pierre-Jean Bristeau and Nicolas Petit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

measurements of the combustion engine which is of hybrid type and uses N2O and PE, we show how the relative, gyroscopes) ranging in the upper class of the sensors found in aerospaces systems (aircraft, missiles).4

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

276

Full Hybrid: Starting  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

highlighted Low Speed button Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button highlighted Low Speed button Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button STARTING When a full hybrid vehicle is initially started, the battery typically powers all accessories. The gasoline engine only starts if the battery needs to be charged or the accessories require more power than available from the battery. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. the car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. the car is stopped at an intersection. Battery (highlighted): The battery stores energy generated from the gasoline engine or, during regenerative braking, from the electric motor. Since the battery powers the vehicle at low speeds, it is larger and holds much more energy than batteries used to start conventional vehicles. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. the car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. the car is stopped at an intersection.

277

ADVANCED HYBRID PARTICULATE COLLECTOR  

SciTech Connect

A new concept in particulate control, called an advanced hybrid particulate collector (AHPC), is being developed under funding from the US Department of Energy. The AHPC combines the best features of electrostatic precipitators (ESPs) and baghouses in an entirely novel manner. The AHPC concept combines fabric filtration and electrostatic precipitation in the same housing, providing major synergism between the two methods, both in the particulate collection step and in transfer of dust to the hopper. The AHPC provides ultrahigh collection efficiency, overcoming the problem of excessive fine-particle emissions with conventional ESPs, and solves the problem of reentrainment and recollection of dust in conventional baghouses. Phase I of the development effort consisted of design, construction, and testing of a 5.7-m{sup 3}/min (200-acfm) working AHPC model. Results from both 8-hour parametric tests and 100-hour proof-of-concept tests with two different coals demonstrated excellent operability and greater than 99.99% fine-particle collection efficiency.

Stanley J. Miller; Grant L. Schelkoph; Grant E. Dunham

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

NREL: Learning - Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Photo of the front and part of the side of a bus parked at the curb of a city street with tall buildings in the background. This diesel hybrid electric bus operated by the Metropolitan Transit Authority, New York City Transit, was part of a test study that recently investigated the fuel efficiency and reliability of these buses. Credit: Leslie Eudy Today's hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) range from small passenger cars to sport utility vehicles (SUVs) and large trucks. Though they often look just like conventional vehicles, HEVs usually include an electric motor as well as a small internal combustion engine (ICE). This combination provides greater fuel economy and fewer emissions than most conventional ICE vehicles do. HEVs are powered by two energy sources: an energy conversion unit, such as

279

Physics Out Loud - Hybrid Meson  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hadron Previous Video (Hadron) Physics Out Loud Main Index Next Video (Laser) Laser Hybrid Meson We're well on our way in exploring how the strong force glues the nucleus together....

280

Global optimization of hybrid systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systems that exhibit both discrete state and continuous state dynamics are called hybrid systems. In most nontrivial cases, these two aspects of system behavior interact to such a significant extent that they cannot be ...

Lee, Cha Kun

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Hybrid Fuel Cell Technology Overview  

SciTech Connect

For the purpose of this STI product and unless otherwise stated, hybrid fuel cell systems are power generation systems in which a high temperature fuel cell is combined with another power generating technology. The resulting system exhibits a synergism in which the combination performs with an efficiency far greater than can be provided by either system alone. Hybrid fuel cell designs under development include fuel cell with gas turbine, fuel cell with reciprocating (piston) engine, and designs that combine different fuel cell technologies. Hybrid systems have been extensively analyzed and studied over the past five years by the Department of Energy (DOE), industry, and others. These efforts have revealed that this combination is capable of providing remarkably high efficiencies. This attribute, combined with an inherent low level of pollutant emission, suggests that hybrid systems are likely to serve as the next generation of advanced power generation systems.

None available

2001-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

282

NIST 'Hybrid Metrology' Method Could Improve Computer ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST 'Hybrid Metrology' Method Could Improve Computer Chips. From NIST Tech Beat: September 5, 2012. ...

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

283

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Freightliner - Cascadia 113 NG Application: Tractor Fuel Types: CNG, LNG Power Source(s): Cummins Westport - ISX12 G...

284

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Kenworth - W900S Application: Vocational truck Fuel Types: CNG, LNG Power Source(s): Cummins Westport - ISX12 G...

285

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Elgin Sweeper Company - Broom BearCrosswindEaglePelican General Motors - 3.0L Fuel Type: CNG Displacement: 3...

286

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Volvo - VNM Daycab Application: Tractor Fuel Type: CNG Power Source(s): Cummins Westport - ISL G 8.9L...

287

Stochastic Optimal Control for Series Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

Increasing demand for improving fuel economy and reducing emissions has stimulated significant research and investment in hybrid propulsion systems. In this paper, we address the problem of optimizing online the supervisory control in a series hybrid configuration by modeling its operation as a controlled Markov chain using the average cost criterion. We treat the stochastic optimal control problem as a dual constrained optimization problem. We show that the control policy that yields higher probability distribution to the states with low cost and lower probability distribution to the states with high cost is an optimal control policy, defined as an equilibrium control policy. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the efficiency of the proposed controller in a series hybrid configuration and compare it with a thermostat-type controller.

Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

2007 Nissan Altima-7982 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Nissan Altima hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number 1N4CL21E27C177982). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Grey; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

2007 Toyota Camry-7129 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Toyota Camry hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTNBB46K773007129). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

2006 Toyota Highlander-5681 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Toyota Highlander hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTEDW21A860005681). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

2007 Toyota Camry-6330 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Toyota Camry hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTNBB46K673006330). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The AVTA is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct AVTA for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

2006 Toyota Highlander-5681 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Toyota Highlander hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTEDW21A860005681). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

2007 Toyota Camry-6330 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Toyota Camry hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTNBB46K673006330). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The AVTA is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct AVTA for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

2007 Nissan Altima-7982 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Nissan Altima hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number 1N4CL21E27C177982). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Grey; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

2007 Toyota Camry-7129 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Toyota Camry hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTNBB46K773007129). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

FEG2005_BODY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

income tax incentives. Current incentives, which include tax deductions for qualifying gasoline-electric hybrids, compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles, and others powered by...

297

ENECO Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

vehicles for urban environments, using Series Hybrid technology for petrol, diesel, LPG, CNG, or bio-diesel applications. It has experience in the development of Alkaline fuel cell...

298

National Hydrogen Association Conference - March 2005  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

including: - ICE's burning advanced fuels, such as 100% hydrogen & hydrogenCNG-blended (HCNG) fuels - Hybrid electric, pure electric, & hydraulic drive systems APS...

299

EIA - The National Energy Modeling System: An Overview 2003-Transporta...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

sets include: Conventional fuel capable (gasoline, diesel, bi-fuel and flex-fuel), Hybrid (gasoline and diesel), Dedicated alternative fuel (CNG, LPG, methanol, and...

300

Microsoft PowerPoint - Francfort slides.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- HydrogenCNG production and fueling Station - Hydrogen internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle testing - Hybrid, urban, and neighborhood electric vehicle testing - Airport...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Advanced Vehicle Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

combustion engine vehicles operating on 100% hydrogen (H2) and H2CNG (compressed natural gas) blended fuels, hybrid electric vehicles, neighborhood electric vehicles, urban...

302

An Overview of Automotive Home and Neighborhood Refueling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

history of home refueling for automobiles also includes compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles, battery electric vehicles (BEV), EVS24 International Battery, Hybrid and

Li, Xuping; Ogden, Joan M.; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Neutron diagnostics for mirror hybrids  

SciTech Connect

Fusion-fission (FuFi) hybrids will need instrumentation to diagnose the deuteriumtritium plasma, whose 14-MeV neutron emission is the driver of the sub-critical fission core. While the fission neutron yield rate (Y{sub fi} and hence power P{sub fi}) can be monitored with standard instrumentation, fusion plasmas in hybrids require special diagnostics where the determination of Y{sub th} ({proportional_to}P{sub fu}) is a challenge. Information on Y{sub fu} is essential for assessing the fusion plasma performance which together with Y{sub fi} allows for the validation of the neutron multiplication factor (k) of the subcritical fission core. Diagnostics for hybrid plasmas are heuristically discussed with special reference to straight field line mirror (SFLM). Relevant DT plasma experience from JET and plans for ITER in the main line of fusion research were used as input. It is shown that essential SFLM plasma information can potentially be obtained with proposed instrumentation, but the state of the hybrid plasma must be predictably robust as derived from fully diagnosed dedicated experiments without interface restrictions of the hybrid application.

Kaellne, Jan; Noack, Klaus; Agren, Olov; Gorini, Giuseppe; Tardocchi, Marco; Grosso, Giovanni [Department of Engineering Sciences, Uppsala University, Box 256, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden); Universita degli Studi di Milano - Bicocca, Dip. di Fisica 'G. Occhialini', Piazza della Scienza 3, 20126, Milan (Italy)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

304

Superspace Type II 4D Supergravity from Type II Superstring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the equations of motion of type II 4D supergravity in superspace. This is achieved by coupling the Type II Berkovits' hybrid superstring to an N=2 curved background and requiring that the sigma-model has N=(2,2) superconformal invariance at one loop. We show that there are no anomalies in the fermionic OPE's and the complete set of compensator's equations is derived from the energy-momentum tensor. The equations of motion describe a hypertensorial and vectorial multiplet coupled to a U(1)\\times U(1) N=2 Poincar\\`e Supergravity.

Daniel L. Nedel

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

305

Requirements Specifications For Hybrid Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this paper is to present a formal framework for representing and reasoning about the requirements of hybrid systems. As background, the paper briefly reviews an abstract model for specifying system and software requirements, called the Four Variable Model [12], and a related requirements method, called SCR (Software Cost Reduction) [10, 1]. The paper then introduces a special discrete version of the Four Variable Model, the SCR requirements model [8] and proposes an extension of the SCR model for specifying and reasoning about hybrid systems. 2 Background

Constance Heitmeyer

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Ultracapacitor Technologies and Application in Hybrid and Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The parallel hybrid passenger car (VW Golf) combined an EDLCpassenger cars using the ultracapacitors in micro-hybrid,passenger car using both carbon/carbon and hybrid carbon

Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Are Batteries Ready for Plug-in Hybrid Buyers?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options for Compactof Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 1: Nationwideand Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options, EPRI, Palo

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S; Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Are batteries ready for plug-in hybrid buyers?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options for Compactof Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 1: Nationwideand Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options, EPRI, Palo

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S.; Burke, Andrew

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Are Batteries Ready for Plug-in Hybrid Buyers?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and impacts of hybrid electric vehicle options for compactof plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, vol. 1: nationwideimpacts of hybrid electric vehicle options. Report #1000349,

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Are Batteries Ready for Plug-in Hybrid Buyers?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. , 2006. Plug-in hybrid vehicle analysis. Milestonegas emissions from plug-in hybrid vehicles: implications forPresentation at SAE 2008 Hybrid Vehicle Technologies

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Optimum Performance of Direct Hydrogen Hybrid Fuel Cell Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ultracapacitors, fuel cells and hybrid vehicle design. Dr.on electric and hybrid vehicle technology and applicationsand performance. Hybrid vehicles utilizing a load leveling

Zhao, Hengbing; Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity - Medium and Heavy Duty Hybrid...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

an electric vehicle. Medium and heavy duty HEV testing results to date are posted below. Vehicle Testing Reports INL Hybrid Shuttle Busses INL Hybrid Shuttle Busses INL Hybrid...

313

Evaluation Of Potential Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications: Vol I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vehicle Symposium, "The Hybrid Vehicle Revisited", OctoberBus Hv REFERENCES “Hybrid Vehicle Assessment, Phase I,Laboratory, March 1984 “Hybrid Vehicle Engineering Task”

Gris, Arturo E.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Are Batteries Ready for Plug-in Hybrid Buyers?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

including the Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Act of 1976. Suchand Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options for Compactof Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 1: Nationwide

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S; Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Evaluation Of Potential Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications: Vol I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Potential Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications Volume IOF POTENTIAL HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE APPLICATIONS VOLUME IVIII International Electric Vehicle Symposium, "The Hybrid

Gris, Arturo E.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Are batteries ready for plug-in hybrid buyers?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

including the Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Act of 1976. Suchand Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options for Compactof Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 1: Nationwide

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S.; Burke, Andrew

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Optimum Performance of Direct Hydrogen Hybrid Fuel Cell Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

capacitors fuel-cell hybrid electric vehicle optimizationsize for fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle-Part I, Journalbeen developed for hybrid electric vehicles with an internal

Zhao, Hengbing; Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Optimum Performance of Direct Hydrogen Hybrid Fuel Cell Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in batteries, ultracapacitors, fuel cells and hybrid vehicleBattery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle SymposiumBattery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium

Zhao, Hengbing; Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Optimizing U.S. Mitigation Strategies for the Light-Duty Transportation Sector: What We Learn from a Bottom-Up Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compact Compact Compact Compact Full Size Type Adv GSL CNGCNG Flex Fuel DSL HEV DSL Ethanol Flex Fuel AbbreviationMinivan Minivan Minivan CNG CNG Flex Fuel DSL HEV DSL

Yeh, Sonia; Farrell, Alexander E.; Plevin, Richard J; Sanstad, Alan; Weyant, John

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Transit Connect Application: Van Fuel Types: CNG, Propane Power Source(s): Ford Motor Co. - 2.0L I-4 Additional Description: CNG and propane models are available from contract...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Thomas Built Buses - Saf-T-Liner HDX CNG Application: Bus - School Fuel Type: CNG Maximum Seating: 90 Power Source(s): Cummins Westport - ISL G 8.9L...

322

Emission Control Cost-Effectiveness of Alternative-Fuel Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

~ of AFVs, Including Air-Toxic Vehicle Type Dedi. CNGDF CNG EV Dedi. M85 EE3 DedL M100 r---1 DF LPG M85 FFV J E85decrease. Vehicle Type Oedi. CNG DF CNG EV Dedi. M85 Dedi.

Wang, Quanlu; Sperling, Daniel; Olmstead, Janis

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

OR Forum---Modeling the Impacts of Electricity Tariffs on Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging, Costs, and Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have been touted as a transportation technology with lower fuel costs and emissions impacts than other vehicle types. Most analyses of PHEVs assume that the power system operator can either directly or indirectly ... Keywords: environment, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, pricing

Ramteen Sioshansi

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

1997 hybrid electric vehicle specifications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US DOE sponsors Advanced Vehicle Technology competitions to help educate the public and advance new vehicle technologies. For several years, DOE has provided financial and technical support for the American Tour de Sol. This event showcases electric and hybrid electric vehicles in a road rally across portions of the northeastern United States. The specifications contained in this technical memorandum apply to vehicles that will be entered in the 1997 American Tour de Sol. However, the specifications were prepared to be general enough for use by other teams and individuals interested in developing hybrid electric vehicles. The purpose of the specifications is to ensure that the vehicles developed do not present a safety hazard to the teams that build and drive them or to the judges, sponsors, or public who attend the competitions. The specifications are by no means the definitive sources of information on constructing hybrid electric vehicles - as electric and hybrid vehicles technologies advance, so will the standards and practices for their construction. In some cases, the new standards and practices will make portions of these specifications obsolete.

Sluder, S.; Larsen, R.; Duoba, M.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Hybrid free electron laser devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider hybrid free electron laser devices consisting of Cerenkov and undulator sections. We will show that they can in principle be used as segmented devices and also show the possibility of exploiting Cerenkov devices for the generation of nonlinear harmonic coherent power. We discuss both oscillator and amplifier schemes.

Asgekar, Vivek; Dattoli, G. [Department of Physics, University of Pune, Pune 411007 (India); ENEA, Unita Tecnico Scientifica Technologie Fisiche, Avanzate, Centro Ricerche Frascati, C.P. 65-00044 Frascati, Rome (Italy)

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

Are hybrid cars too quiet?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increase in availability of alternative fuel vehicles has elicited concerns for pedestrians who might not hear the approach of these quieter cars. Three experiments tested the relative audibility of hybrid vehicles (in their electric mode) and internal combustion engine (ICE) cars. Binaural recordings were made of the cars approaching from either the right or left

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Hybrid electrical energy storage systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical energy is a high quality form of energy that can be easily converted to other forms of energy with high efficiency and, even more importantly, it can be used to control lower grades of energy quality with ease. However, building a cost-effective ... Keywords: charge, electrical storage, energy, energy storage, hybrid storage, management

Massoud Pedram; Naehyuck Chang; Younghyun Kim; Yanzhi Wang

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

How Plug-in Hybrids Save Money  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How Plug-in Hybrids Save Money How Plug-in Hybrids Save Money Plug-in hybrid recharging Plug-in hybrids reduce fuel costs by Using high-capacity batteries that allow them to operate on electricity from the outlet for significant distances-electricity typically costs less than half as much as gasoline Using a larger electric motor that typically allows the vehicle to use electricity at higher speeds than regular hybrids Using regenerative braking to recover energy typically wasted when you apply the brakes Plug-in hybrid designs differ, and your driving habits, especially the distance you drive between re-charging, can have a big effect on your fuel bill. My Plug-in Hybrid Calculator estimates gasoline and electricity costs for any available plug-in hybrid using your driving habits and fuel costs.

329

Dynamic programming for hybrid pneumatic vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pneumatic hybridization of internal combustion engines may prove to be a viable and cost-efficient alternative to electric hybridization. This paper investigates the fuel consumption reduction that is possible with this rather new concept in combination ...

Christian Dönitz; Iulian Vasile; Christopher Onder; Lino Guzzella

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Issue 5: High Interest in Hybrid Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Survey of Oregon Hybrid Gas-Electric Car Owners. July. U.S.of a qualifying gas-electric car, but because this is aor leasing a hybrid car (gas-electric)” (Baldassare, 2004).

Ong, Paul M.; Haselhoff, Kim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Hybrid vehicle-centric route guidance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis proposes a hybrid route guidance system in which predictive guidance is generated in a centralized layer and revised in a reactive, decentralized layer that resides on-board the vehicle. This hybrid approach ...

Farver, Jennifer M. (Jennifer Margaret), 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Hybrid solar-fossil fuel power generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, a literature review of hybrid solar-fossil fuel power generation is first given with an emphasis on system integration and evaluation. Hybrid systems are defined as those which use solar energy and fuel ...

Sheu, Elysia J. (Elysia Ja-Zeng)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Axisymmetric Magnetic Mirror Fusion-Fission Hybrid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fusion-Fission Hybrids and Transmutation / Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Conference on Emerging Nuclear Energy Systems

R. W. Moir; N. N. Martovetsky; A. W. Molvik; D. D. Ryutov; T. C. Simonen

334

SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF A HYBRID BIO ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synthesis and characterization of A Hybrid bio/synthetic biomimetic aggrecan Macromolecule for the treatment of Low Back Pain. ...

335

Development of Hybrid Supercapacitors for Portable Power ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Examples of integrated devices built using Battelle's hybrid supercapacitor materials are presented and work ... Energy Storage for Advanced Electric Vehicles.

336

Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hybrid combined cycle power plant natural gas combined cyclePower Plants study, Volume 1: Bituminous Coal and Natural Gas

Phadke, Amol

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

The Hybrid Automobile and the Atkinson Cycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hybrid automobile is a strikingly new automobile technology with a number of new technological features that dramatically improve energy efficiency. This paper will briefly describe how hybrid automobiles work; what are these new technological features; why the Toyota Prius hybrid internal combustion engine operates on the Atkinson cycle instead of the Otto cycle; and what are the advantages and disadvantages of the hybrid automobile. This is a follow-up to my two previous papers on the physics of automobile engines.1

Bernard J. Feldman

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Hybrid Controller for Multiple Energy Storage Devices ...  

Summary. A new hybrid energy storage controller developed by researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is designed for a centralized ...

339

Hybrid Organic: Inorganic Materials for Alternative Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2013. Symposium, Hybrid Organic: Inorganic Materials for Alternative Energy. Sponsorship.

340

Advanced Battery Testing for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Sprinter van is a Plug-in Hybrid-Electric Vehicle (PHEV) developed by EPRI and Daimler for use in delivering cargo, carrying passengers, or fulfilling a variety of specialty applications. This report provides details of testing conducted on two different types of batteries used in these vehicles: VARTA nickel-metal hydride batteries and SAFT lithium ion batteries. Testing focused on long-term battery durability, using a test profile developed to simulate the battery duty cycle of a PHEV Sprinter

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-1248E Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis Principal Authors Amol Phadke1 , Charles;Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis ii LBNL-1248E Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis and Analysis of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. #12;#12;Advanced Coal

342

NETL: News Release - Honeywell Hybrid Fuel Cell Technology To Be Added to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

February 14, 2001 February 14, 2001 Honeywell Hybrid Fuel Cell Technology To be Added to DOE R&D Program Goal is to Develop Distributed Power Generation PITTSBURGH, PA - Generating power close to the consumer - a concept called distributed generation - may be one way to take the future strain off the nation's electric grid. Two of the best technologies for distributed generation are the fuel cell and the micro-turbine - but an even better approach may be a "hybrid" of both technologies. The Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy is already testing one type of fuel cell-turbine hybrid, and this spring will begin running a second type of test unit. Now, the Department, through its National Energy Technology Laboratory, plans to add a third hybrid system to its fossil energy research program.

343

Safety and power multiplication aspects of mirror fusion-fission hybrids  

SciTech Connect

Recently, in a research project at Uppsala University a simplified neutronic model for a straight field line mirror hybrid has been devised and its most important operation parameters have been calculated under the constraints of a fission power production of 3 GW and that the effective multiplication factor k{sub eff} does not exceed 0.95. The model can be considered as representative for hybrids driven by other types of mirrors too. In order to reduce the demand on the fusion power of the mirror, a modified option of the hybrid has been considered that generates a reduced fission power of 1.5 GW with an increased maximal value k{sub eff}=0.97. The present paper deals with nuclear safety aspects of this type of hybrids. It presents and discusses calculation results of reactivity effects as well as of driver effects.

Noack, Klaus; Agren, Olov; Kaellne, Jan; Hagnestal, Anders; Moiseenko, Vladimir E. [Uppsala University, Angstroem Laboratory, Division of Electricity, Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden); Institute of Plasma Physics, National Science Center 'Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology', Akademichna St. 1, 61108 Kharkiv (Ukraine)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

344

Award Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nuclear deterrent; reduce global threats; and solve other emerging national security and energy challenges. Contact Awards Team (505) 667-7824 Email Types of Awards The Awards...

345

Charge migration efficiency optimization in hybrid electrical energy storage (HEES) systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical energy is high-quality form of energy, and thus it is beneficial to store the excessive electric energy in the electrical energy storage (EES) rather than converting into a different type of energy. Like memory devices, no single type of EES ... Keywords: charge management, charge migration, hybrid electrical energy storage

Yanzhi Wang; Younghyun Kim; Qing Xie; Naehyuck Chang; Massoud Pedram

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics August 20, 2013 - 9:13am Addthis Photo of hands holding a battery pack (grey rectangular box) for a hybrid electric vehicle. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of high fuel economy and low emissions with the power, range, and convenience of conventional diesel and gasoline fueling. HEV technologies also have potential to be combined with alternative fuels and fuel cells to provide additional benefits. Future offerings might also include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Hybrid electric vehicles typically combine the internal combustion engine of a conventional vehicle with the battery and electric motor of an electric vehicle. The combination offers low emissions and convenience-HEVs never need to be plugged in.

347

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics Hybrid Electric Vehicle Basics August 20, 2013 - 9:13am Addthis Photo of hands holding a battery pack (grey rectangular box) for a hybrid electric vehicle. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of high fuel economy and low emissions with the power, range, and convenience of conventional diesel and gasoline fueling. HEV technologies also have potential to be combined with alternative fuels and fuel cells to provide additional benefits. Future offerings might also include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Hybrid electric vehicles typically combine the internal combustion engine of a conventional vehicle with the battery and electric motor of an electric vehicle. The combination offers low emissions and convenience-HEVs never need to be plugged in.

348

Planar slot coupled microwave hybrid  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A symmetrical 180.degree. microwave hybrid is constructed by opening a slot line in a ground plane below a conducting strip disposed on a dielectric substrate, creating a slot coupled conductor. Difference signals propagating on the slot coupled conductor are isolated on the slot line leaving sum signals to propagate on the microstrip. The difference signal is coupled from the slot line onto a second microstrip line for transmission to a desired location. The microstrip branches in a symmetrical fashion to provide the input/output ports of the 180.degree. hybrid. The symmetry of the device provides for balance and isolation between sum and difference signals, and provides an advantageous balance between the power handling capabilities and the bandwidth of the device.

Petter, Jeffrey K. (Williston, VT)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Melanin Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Melanin Types Melanin Types Name: Irfan Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What are different types of melanins? And what are the functions of these types? Replies: Hi Irfan! Melanin is a dark compound or better a photoprotective pigment. Its major role in the skin is to absorb the ultraviolet (UV) light that comes from the sun so the skin is not damaged. Sun exposure usually produces a tan at the skin that represents an increase of melanin pigment in the skin. Melanin is important also in other areas of the body, as the eye and the brain., but it is not completely understood what the melanin pigment does in these areas. Melanin forms a special cell called melanocyte. This cell is found in the skin, in the hair follicle, and in the iris and retina of the eye.

350

Type systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study of type systems has emerged as one of the most active areas of research in programming languages, with applications in software engineering, language design, high-performance compiler implementation, and security. This chapter discusses the ...

Benjamin C. Pierce

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Hybrid Power System with a Controlled Energy Storage: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We investigated a small isolated hybrid power system that used two types of power generation; wind turbine and diesel generation. The interaction of diesel generation, the wind turbine, and the local load is complicated because both the load and the wind turbine fluctuate during the day. These fluctuations create imbalances in power distribution (energy sources are not equal to energy sinks) that can affect the frequency and the voltage in the power system. The addition of energy storage will help balance the distribution of power in the power network. For this paper, we studied the interaction among hybrid power system components and the relative size of the components. We also show how the contribution of wind energy affects the entire power system and distribution and the role of energy storage under the transient conditions caused by load changes and wind turbine start ups.

Muljadi, E.; Bialasiewicz, J. T.

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Analysis of data from electric and hybrid electric vehicle student competitions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy sponsored several student engineering competitions in 1993 that provided useful information on electric and hybrid electric vehicles. The electrical energy usage from these competitions has been recorded with a custom-built digital meter installed in every vehicle and used under controlled conditions. When combined with other factors, such as vehicle mass, speed, distance traveled, battery type, and type of components, this information provides useful insight into the performance characteristics of electrics and hybrids. All the vehicles tested were either electric vehicles or hybrid vehicles in electric-only mode, and had an average energy economy of 7.0 km/kwh. Based on the performance of the ``ground-up`` hybrid electric vehicles in the 1993 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Challenge, data revealed a I km/kwh energy economy benefit for every 133 kg decrease in vehicle mass. By running all the electric vehicles at a competition in Atlanta at several different constant speeds, the effects of rolling resistance and aerodynamic drag were evaluated. On average, these vehicles were 32% more energy efficient at 40 km/h than at 72 km/h. The results of the competition data analysis confirm that these engineering competitions not only provide an educational experience for the students, but also show technology performance and improvements in electric and hybrid vehicles by setting benchmarks and revealing trends.

Wipke, K.B. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Hill, N.; Larsen, R.P. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

New York City Transit Diesel Hybrid-Electric Buses Final Results: DOE/ NREL  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transit Diesel Hybrid-Electric Buses Final Results: DOE/ NREL Transit Diesel Hybrid-Electric Buses Final Results: DOE/ NREL Transit Bus Evaluation Project Jump to: navigation, search Name New York City Transit Diesel Hybrid-Electric Buses Final Results: DOE/ NREL Transit Bus Evaluation Project Agency/Company /Organization Department of Energy Partner National Renewable Energy Laboratory Batelle"National Renewable Energy Laboratory Batelle" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. Focus Area Transportation Phase Bring the Right People Together, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Finance and Implement Projects Resource Type Guide/manual Availability Publicly available--Free Publication Date 7/1/2002 Website http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy02o Locality New York City References New York City Transit Diesel Hybrid-Electric Buses Final Results: DOE/ NREL Transit Bus Evaluation Project[1]

354

National Clean Fleets Partners Get the Best of Both Worlds with Hybrid  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Fleets Partners Get the Best of Both Worlds with Clean Fleets Partners Get the Best of Both Worlds with Hybrid Vehicles National Clean Fleets Partners Get the Best of Both Worlds with Hybrid Vehicles March 8, 2013 - 2:20pm Addthis FedEx, a National Clean Fleets partner, is expanding its advanced technology vehicle fleets in Kansas and Michigan with the support of Clean Cities projects in those states. | Photo courtesy of Jonathan Burton, NREL. FedEx, a National Clean Fleets partner, is expanding its advanced technology vehicle fleets in Kansas and Michigan with the support of Clean Cities projects in those states. | Photo courtesy of Jonathan Burton, NREL. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What are the different types of hybrid vehicles? Hybrid electric vehicles combine a combustion engine with an

355

National Clean Fleets Partners Get the Best of Both Worlds with Hybrid  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Clean Fleets Partners Get the Best of Both Worlds with National Clean Fleets Partners Get the Best of Both Worlds with Hybrid Vehicles National Clean Fleets Partners Get the Best of Both Worlds with Hybrid Vehicles March 8, 2013 - 2:20pm Addthis FedEx, a National Clean Fleets partner, is expanding its advanced technology vehicle fleets in Kansas and Michigan with the support of Clean Cities projects in those states. | Photo courtesy of Jonathan Burton, NREL. FedEx, a National Clean Fleets partner, is expanding its advanced technology vehicle fleets in Kansas and Michigan with the support of Clean Cities projects in those states. | Photo courtesy of Jonathan Burton, NREL. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What are the different types of hybrid vehicles? Hybrid electric vehicles combine a combustion engine with an

356

NREL: Learning - Fuel Cell, Hybrid Electric, and Plug-In Hybrid...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cell, Hybrid Electric, and Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles Photo of a small blue subcompact vehicle in a roadway with other vehicles and foothills in the background. Experimental fuel...

357

Hybrid powertrain controller - Energy Innovation Portal  

A hybrid powertrain for a vehicle comprising a diesel engine and an electric motor in a parallel arrangement with a multiple ratio transmission located on the torque ...

358

Ultracapacitors and Batteries in Hybrid Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Using an ultracapacitor in conjunction with a battery in a hybrid vehicle combines the power performance of the former with the greater energy storage capability of the latter.

Pesaran, A.; Markel, T.; Zolot, M.; Sprik, S.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

How Plug-in Hybrids Save Money  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of gasoline's widespread availability and quick refueling. Plug-in hybrids also save energy through regenerative braking, which recovers much of the energy typically lost when...

360

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Provides an overview on the current status, long-term prospects, and key challenges in the development of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle technology.

Markel, T.

2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Hybrid Anode for Semiconductor Radiation Detectors - Energy ...  

The present invention relates to a novel hybrid anode configuration for a radiation detector that effectively reduces the edge effect of surface defects on the ...

362

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity - Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hyundai Sonata (4932) Battery Report 2010 Ultra-Battery Honda Civic Battery Report Some hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine a conventional internal combustion engine (using...

363

Hybrid Electric and Pure Electric vehicle testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric and Pure Electric Vehicle Testing (Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity) Jim Francfort Discovery Center of Idaho - September 2005 INLCON-05-00693 HEV & EV Testing...

364

A verification framework for hybrid systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combining; discrete state transitions with differential equations, Hybrid system models provide an expressive formalism for describing software systems that interact with a physical environment. Automatically checking ...

Mitra, Sayan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IGCC PC advanced coal-wind hybrid combined cycle power plantnatural gas combined cycle gas turbine power plant carboncrude gasification combined cycle power plant with carbon

Phadke, Amol

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

motor of an electric vehicle. Other hybrids combine a fuel cell with batteries to power electric propulsion motors. Fuel Cell Concept: Fuel passes through an anode, electrolyte,...

367

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles - Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EPRI and Argonne Assess Commercial Viability of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and Argonne National Laboratory are engaged in a...

368

Hybrid Performance of the Pierre Auger Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A key feature of the Pierre Auger Observatory is its hybrid design, in which ultra high energy cosmic rays are detected simultaneously by fluorescence telescopes and a ground array. The two techniques see air showers in complementary ways, providing important cross-checks and measurement redundancy. Much of the hybrid capability stems from the accurate geometrical reconstruction it achieves, with accuracy better than either the ground array detectors or a single telescope could achieve independently. We have studied the geometrical and longitudinal profile reconstructions of hybrid events. We present the results for the hybrid performance of the Observatory, including trigger efficiency, energy and angular resolution, and the efficiency of the event selection.

B. R. Dawson; for the Pierre Auger Collaboration

2007-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

369

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Rotaxanes are mechanically interlocked molecular architectures consisting of a dumbbell-shaped molecule, the...

370

Cooling Evolution of Hybrid Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cooling of compact isolated objects for different values of the gravitational mass has been simulated for two alternative assumptions. One is that the interior of the star is purely hadronic and second that the star can have a rather large quark core. It has been shown that within a nonlocal chiral quark model the critical density for a phase transition to color superconducting quark matter under neutron star conditions can be low enough for these phases to occur in compact star configurations with masses below 1.3 M_sun. For a realistic choice of parameters the equation of state (EoS) allows for 2SC quark matter with a large quark gap ~ 100 MeV for u and d quarks of two colors that coexists with normal quark matter within a mixed phase in the hybrid star interior. We argue that, if in the hadronic phase the neutron pairing gap in 3P_2 channel is larger than few keV and the phases with unpaired quarks are allowed, the corresponding hybrid stars would cool too fast. Even in the case of the essentially supp...

Grigorian, H

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Hybrid regional air pollution models  

SciTech Connect

This discussion deals with a family of air quality models for predicting and analyzing the fine particulate loading in the atmosphere, for assessing the extent and degree of visibility impairment, and for determining the potential of pollutants for increasing the acidity of soils and water. The major horizontal scales of interest are from 400km to 2000km; and the time scales may vary from several hours, to days, weeks, and a few months or years, depending on the EPA regulations being addressed. First the role air quality models play in the general family of atmospheric simulation models is described. Then, the characteristics of a well-designed, comprehensive air quality model are discussed. Following this, the specific objectives of this workshop are outlined, and their modeling implications are summarized. There are significant modeling differences produced by the choice of the coordinate system, whether it be the fixed Eulerian system, the moving Lagrangian system, or some hybrid of the two. These three systems are briefly discussed, and a list of hybrid models that are currently in use are given. Finally, the PNL regional transport model is outlined and a number of research needs are listed.

Drake, R.L.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Optimization of hybrid-water/air-cooled condenser in an enhanced turbine  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Optimization of hybrid-water/air-cooled condenser in an enhanced turbine Optimization of hybrid-water/air-cooled condenser in an enhanced turbine geothermal ORC system Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Optimization of hybrid-water/air-cooled condenser in an enhanced turbine geothermal ORC system Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Enhanced Geothermal Systems Component Research and Development/Analysis Project Type / Topic 2 Air-Cooling Project Description The technical approaches are: -UTRC shall develop a lab-based analysis of hybrid-water/air-cooled condensers with minimal water consumption, focusing on combined mist evaporative pre-cooling and mist deluge evaporative cooling technology applied to microchannel heat exchangers. Models to predict evaporative cooling performance will be validated by sub-scale testing. The predicted performance will be compared to that of state-of-the-art commercial evaporative coolers. -UTRC shall analyze the interaction of turbine design and cooling needs and specifically address how an enhanced turbine, which features variable nozzles and diffuser boundary layer suction, would further improve the ORC system performance and enable full utilization of the hybrid-cooled system. UTRC shall design, procure and test the enhanced turbine in an existing 200 kW geothermal ORC system for a technology demonstration. -UTRC shall complete a detailed design of the hybrid-cooled geothermal ORC system with an enhanced turbine that complies with its performance, cost, and quality requirements, and use this system design to prescribe subsystem/component technology requirements and interfaces. UTRC shall optimize UTC's PureCycle® geothermal ORC system integrated with a hybrid-water/air-cooled condenser and an enhanced turbine for net power output, efficiency and water consumption. -UTRC shall analyze the feasibility of addressing pure water supply for hybrid-water/aircooled condenser by using geothermal-driven Liquid-Gap-Membrane-Distillation (LGMD) technology, as an alternative to conventional Reverse Osmosis/De-Ionized treatment.

373

Drive cycle analysis of the performance of hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a drive cycle analysis of hybrid electric vehicle power train configurations. Based on fuel economy and emissions factors, a tradeoff between conventional, series hybrid, parallel hybrid, and a parallel-series hybrid is drawn. The ... Keywords: emissions, fuel consumption, hybrid electric vehicles, modeling and simulation

Behnam Ganji; Abbas Z. Kouzani; H. M. Trinh

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Method for isolating chromosomal DNA in preparation for hybridization in suspension  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is provided for detecting nucleic acid sequence aberrations using two immobilization steps. According to the method, a nucleic acid sequence aberration is detected by detecting nucleic acid sequences having both a first nucleic acid sequence type (e.g., from a first chromosome) and a second nucleic acid sequence type (e.g., from a second chromosome), the presence of the first and the second nucleic acid sequence type on the same nucleic acid sequence indicating the presence of a nucleic acid sequence aberration. In the method, immobilization of a first hybridization probe is used to isolate a first set of nucleic acids in the sample which contain the first nucleic acid sequence type. Immobilization of a second hybridization probe is then used to isolate a second set of nucleic acids from within the first set of nucleic acids which contain the second nucleic acid sequence type. The second set of nucleic acids are then detected, their presence indicating the presence of a nucleic acid sequence aberration. Chromosomal DNA in a sample containing cell debris is prepared for hybridization in suspension by treating the mixture with RNase. The treated DNA can also be fixed prior to hybridization.

Lucas, Joe N. (San Ramon, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Thermal Modeling of Hybrid Storage Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a lack of thermal models for storage clusters; most existing thermal models do not take into account the utilization of hard drives (HDDs) and solid state disks (SSDs). To address this problem, we build a thermal model for hybrid storage clusters ... Keywords: Cluster, Hybrid, Model, Storage, Thermal

Xunfei Jiang; Maen M. Al Assaf; Ji Zhang; Mohammed I. Alghamdi; Xiaojun Ruan; Tausif Muzaffar; Xiao Qin

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

A universal planning system for hybrid domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many real world problems involve hybrid systems, subject to (continuous) physical effects and controlled by (discrete) digital equipments. Indeed, many efforts are being made to extend the current planning systems and modelling languages to support such ... Keywords: Hybrid systems, PDDL+, Universal planning

Giuseppe Della Penna; Daniele Magazzeni; Fabio Mercorio

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Presented by Adaptive Hybrid Mesh Refinement for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

meters. · Orography plays an important role in determining the strength and location of the atmospheric on orographic field data Hybrid adapted geodesic mesh based on orographic field data Structured adapted spherical mesh based on orographic field data #12;7 Khamayseh_ITAPS_SC07 h-Adaptive hybrid mesh generation

378

Solving Fuzzy Linear Regression with Hybrid Optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fuzzy linear regression is an important tool to find the linear inexact relationship between uncertain data. We then propose a hybrid optimization method based on tabu search and harmony search as a potential way of solving fuzzy linear regression. The ... Keywords: Fuzzy linear regression, Harmony search, Hybrid optimization, Tabu search

M. H. Mashinchi; M. A. Orgun; M. Mashinchi

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

A hybrid face recognition approach using GPUMLib  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a hybrid face recognition approach which relies on a Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) Machine Learning (ML) Library (GPUMLib). The library includes a high-performance implementation of the Non-Negative Matrix Factorization (NMF) and the Multiple ... Keywords: GPU computing, face recognition, hybrid systems, multiple back-propagation, non-negative matrix factorization

Noel Lopes; Bernardete Ribeiro

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Brief Equivalence of hybrid dynamical models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper establishes equivalences among five classes of hybrid systems: mixed logical dynamical (MLD) systems, linear complementarity (LC) systems, extended linear complementarity (ELC) systems, piecewise affine (PWA) systems, and max-min-plus-scaling ... Keywords: Equivalent models, Hybrid systems, Piecewise affine systems

W. P. M. H. Heemels; B. De Schutter; A. Bemporad

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Type: Renewal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 INCITE Awards 1 INCITE Awards Type: Renewal Title: -Ab Initio Dynamical Simulations for the Prediction of Bulk Properties‖ Principal Investigator: Theresa Windus, Iowa State University Co-Investigators: Brett Bode, Iowa State University Graham Fletcher, Argonne National Laboratory Mark Gordon, Iowa State University Monica Lamm, Iowa State University Michael Schmidt, Iowa State University Scientific Discipline: Chemistry: Physical INCITE Allocation: 10,000,000 processor hours Site: Argonne National Laboratory Machine (Allocation): IBM Blue Gene/P (10,000,000 processor hours) Research Summary: This project uses high-quality electronic structure theory, statistical mechanical methods, and

382

Hybrid Multicore Consortium Tackles Programming Challenges  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Multicore Hybrid Multicore Consortium Tackles Programming Challenges Hybrid Multicore Consortium Tackles Programming Challenges Oak Ridge, Lawrence Berkeley and Los Alamos national laboratories to pool high-end computing expertise with Georgia Tech, Swiss University November 18, 2009 HMC PORTLAND, Oregon-While hybrid multicore technologies will be a critical component in future high-end computing systems, most of today's scientific applications will require a significant re-engineering effort to take advantage of the resources provided by these systems. To address this challenge, three U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories, including the Berkeley Lab, and two leading universities have formed the Hybrid Multicore Consortium, or HMC, and held their first meeting at SC09.

383

Ultra-thin microporous/hybrid materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Ultra-thin hybrid and/or microporous materials and methods for their fabrication are provided. In one embodiment, the exemplary hybrid membranes can be formed including successive surface activation and reaction steps on a porous support that is patterned or non-patterned. The surface activation can be performed using remote plasma exposure to locally activate the exterior surfaces of porous support. Organic/inorganic hybrid precursors such as organometallic silane precursors can be condensed on the locally activated exterior surfaces, whereby ALD reactions can then take place between the condensed hybrid precursors and a reactant. Various embodiments can also include an intermittent replacement of ALD precursors during the membrane formation so as to enhance the hybrid molecular network of the membranes.

Jiang, Ying-Bing (Albuquerque, NM); Cecchi, Joseph L. (Albuquerque, NM); Brinker, C. Jeffrey (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

384

Hybrid Dynamic Density Functional Theory for Polymer Melts and Blends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a high-speed and accurate hybrid dynamic density functional theory for the computer simulations of the phase separation processes of polymer melts and blends. The proposed theory is a combination of the dynamic self-consistent field (SCF) theory and a time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau type theory with the random phase approximation (GRPA). The SCF theory is known to be accurate in evaluating the free energy of the polymer systems in both weak and strong segregation regions although it has a disadvantage of the requirement of a considerable amount of computational cost. On the other hand, the GRPA theory has an advantage of much smaller amount of required computational cost than the SCF theory while its applicability is limited to the weak segregation region. To make the accuracy of the SCF theory and the high-performance of the GRPA theory compatible, we adjust the chemical potential of the GRPA theory by using the SCF theory every constant time steps in the dynamic simulations. The performance of the GRPA and the hybrid theories is tested by using several systems composed of an A/B homopolymer, an AB diblock copolymer, or an ABC triblock copolymer. Using the hybrid theory, we succeeded in reproducing the metastable complex phase-separated domain structures of an ABC triblock copolymer observed by experiments.

Takashi Honda; Toshihiro Kawakatsu

2006-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

385

Effects of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Survey of Oregon Hybrid Gas-Electric Car Owners. Julysimilar disdain for non-hybrid compact cars. During her HEVefficient, non-hybrid compact or midsized car during their

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Ken; Turrentine, Tom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Effects of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

similar disdain for non-hybrid compact cars. During her HEVSurvey of Oregon Hybrid Gas-Electric Car Owners. Julyefficient, non-hybrid compact or midsized car during their

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Are batteries ready for plug-in hybrid buyers?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. (2006) Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle Analysis, Milestone Report,gas emissions from plug-in hybrid vehicles: Implications forPresentation at SAE 2008 Hybrid Vehicle Technologies

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S.; Burke, Andrew

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Are Batteries Ready for Plug-in Hybrid Buyers?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. (2006) Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle Analysis, Milestone Report,gas emissions from plug-in hybrid vehicles: Implications forPresentation at SAE 2008 Hybrid Vehicle Technologies

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S; Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Ultracapacitor Technologies and Application in Hybrid and Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power Battery for Hybrid Vehicle Applications. ProceedingsAF. Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Design and Performance.A, Thornton M. Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Analysis. NREL/MP-540-

Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Charge It: The Promise of Plug-in Electric Hybrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impacts of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Energy andthe plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, a variant of theknown self-charging hybrid electric vehicle, is fast gaining

Recker, W.W.; Kang, J.E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Charge It: The Promise of Plug-in Electric Hybrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impacts of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Energy andthe plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, a variant of theknown self-charging hybrid electric vehicle, is fast gaining

Recker, W. W.; Kang, J. E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Are Batteries Ready for Plug-in Hybrid Buyers?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

including the Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Act of 1976. Suchfor plug- in hybrid electric vehicles: analysis and2007. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle R&D Plan: Working

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Effects of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reid R. HeffnerImage in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reid R. Heffner,6, 2005 Abstract Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) have image,

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Ken; Turrentine, Tom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Effects of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6, 2005 Abstract Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) have image,Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reid R. HeffnerImage in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reid R. Heffner,

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Development of a Software Design Tool for Hybrid Solar-Geothermal Heat Pump  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Software Design Tool for Hybrid Solar-Geothermal Heat Pump Software Design Tool for Hybrid Solar-Geothermal Heat Pump Systems in Heating- and Cooling-Dominated Buildings Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Development of a Software Design Tool for Hybrid Solar-Geothermal Heat Pump Systems in Heating- and Cooling-Dominated Buildings Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program: Ground Source Heat Pumps Project Type / Topic 2 Topic Area 2: Data Gathering and Analysis Project Description In heating-dominated buildings, the proposed design approach takes advantage of glazed solar collectors to effectively balance the annual thermal loads on the ground with renewable solar energy. In cooling-dominated climates, the design approach takes advantage of relatively low-cost, unglazed solar collectors as the heat rejecting component.

396

Hybrid2: The hybrid system simulation model, Version 1.0, user manual  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In light of the large scale desire for energy in remote communities, especially in the developing world, the need for a detailed long term performance prediction model for hybrid power systems was seen. To meet these ends, engineers from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the University of Massachusetts (UMass) have spent the last three years developing the Hybrid2 software. The Hybrid2 code provides a means to conduct long term, detailed simulations of the performance of a large array of hybrid power systems. This work acts as an introduction and users manual to the Hybrid2 software. The manual describes the Hybrid2 code, what is included with the software and instructs the user on the structure of the code. The manual also describes some of the major features of the Hybrid2 code as well as how to create projects and run hybrid system simulations. The Hybrid2 code test program is also discussed. Although every attempt has been made to make the Hybrid2 code easy to understand and use, this manual will allow many organizations to consider the long term advantages of using hybrid power systems instead of conventional petroleum based systems for remote power generation.

Baring-Gould, E.I.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Hybrid Microwave Cavity Heat Engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose and analyze the use of hybrid microwave cavities as quantum heat engines. A possible realization consists of two macroscopically separated quantum dot conductors coupled capacitively to the fundamental mode of a microwave cavity. We demonstrate that an electrical current can be induced in one conductor through cavity-mediated processes by heating up the other conductor. The heat engine can reach Carnot efficiency with optimal conversion of heat to work. When the system delivers the maximum power, the efficiency can be a large fraction of the Carnot efficiency. The heat engine functions even with moderate electronic relaxation and dephasing in the quantum dots. We provide detailed estimates for the electrical current and output power using realistic parameters.

Christian Bergenfeldt; Peter Samuelsson; Björn Sothmann; Christian Flindt; Markus Büttiker

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

398

Cooling Evolution of Hybrid Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cooling of compact isolated objects for different values of the gravitational mass has been simulated for two alternative assumptions. One is that the interior of the star is purely hadronic and second that the star can have a rather large quark core. It has been shown that within a nonlocal chiral quark model the critical density for a phase transition to color superconducting quark matter under neutron star conditions can be low enough for these phases to occur in compact star configurations with masses below 1.3 M_sun. For a realistic choice of parameters the equation of state (EoS) allows for 2SC quark matter with a large quark gap ~ 100 MeV for u and d quarks of two colors that coexists with normal quark matter within a mixed phase in the hybrid star interior. We argue that, if in the hadronic phase the neutron pairing gap in 3P_2 channel is larger than few keV and the phases with unpaired quarks are allowed, the corresponding hybrid stars would cool too fast. Even in the case of the essentially suppressed 3P_2 neutron gap if free quarks occur for M cooling data existing by today. It is suggested to discuss a "2SC+X" phase, as a possibility to have all quarks paired in two-flavor quark matter under neutron star constraints, where the X-gap is of the order of 10 keV - 1 MeV. Density independent gaps do not allow to fit the cooling data. Only the presence of an X-gap that decreases with increase of the density could allow to appropriately fit the data in a similar compact star mass interval to that following from a purely hadronic model.

H. Grigorian

2005-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

399

Bacteria Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bacteria Types Bacteria Types Name: Evelyn Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What is the significance of S. marcescens,M.luteus, S.epidermidis, and E. Coli? Which of these are gram-positive and gram-negative, and where can these be found? Also, what problems can they cause? When we culture these bacteria, we used four methods: plates, broth, slants, and pour plates. The media was made of TSB, TSA, NAP, and NAD. What is significant about these culturing methods? Replies: I could give you the answer to that question but it is more informative, and fun, to find out yourself. Start with the NCBI library online (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/) and do a query with the species name, and 'virulence' if you want to know what they're doing to us. Have a look at the taxonomy devision to see how they are related. To find out if they're gram-pos or neg you should do a gram stain if you can. Otherwise you'll find that information in any bacteriology determination guide. Your question about the media is not specific enough so I can't answer it.

400

Battery Life Prediction Method for Hybrid Power Applications: Preprint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Batteries in hybrid power applications that include intermittent generators, such as wind turbines, experience a very irregular pattern of charge and discharge cycles. Because battery life is dependent on both depth and rate of discharge (and other factors such as temperature, charging strategy, etc.), estimating battery life and optimally sizing batteries for hybrid systems is difficult. Typically, manufacturers give battery life data, if at all, as cycles to failure versus depth of discharge, where all discharge cycles are assumed to be under conditions of constant temperature, current, and depth of discharge. Use of such information directly can lead to gross errors in battery lifetime estimation under actual operating conditions, which may result in either a higher system cost than necessary or an undersized battery bank prone to early failure. Even so, most current battery life estimation algorithms consider only the effect of depth of discharge on cycle life. This paper will discuss a new battery life prediction method, developed to investigate the effects of two primary determinants of battery life in hybrid power applications, varying depths of discharge and varying rates of discharge. A significant feature of the model is that it bases its analysis on battery performance and cycle life data provided by the manufacturer, supplemented by a limited amount of empirical test data, eliminating the need for an electrochemical model of the battery. It performs the analysis for a user-prescribed discharge profile consisting of a series of discharge events of specified average current and duration. Sample analyses are presented to show how the method can be used to select the most economical battery type and size for a given hybrid power system application.

Drouilhet, S.; Johnson, B. L.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid Electric Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Taxicab Restriction Exemption on AddThis.com...

402

Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Describes the basics of electric-drive vehicles, including hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, all-electric vehicles, and the various charging options.

Not Available

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles (Brochure)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Describes the basics of electric-drive vehicles, including hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, all-electric vehicles, and the various charging options.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY HYBRID POWER GENERATION...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of a highly efficient hybrid system integrating a planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) and a turbogenerator. The proposed hybrid system is based on planar SOFC and...

405

Performance analysis of hybrid liquid desiccant solar cooling system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis investigates the coefficient of performance (COP) of a hybrid liquid desiccant solar cooling system. This hybrid cooling system includes three sections: 1) conventional… (more)

Zhou, Zhipeng (Joe Zoe)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: 2004 Toyota Prius Hybrid Electric...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Toyota Prius Hybrid Electric Vehicle Accelerated Reliability Testing - October 2007 to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: 2004 Toyota Prius Hybrid...

407

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Honda Accord Hybrid Electric...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accord Hybrid Electric Vehicle Accelerated Reliability Testing - April 2008 to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Honda Accord Hybrid Electric Vehicle...

408

Mechanical and Regenerative Braking Integration for a Hybrid Electric Vehicle.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hybrid electric vehicle technology has become a preferred method for the automotive industry to reduce environmental impact and fuel consumption of their vehicles. Hybrid electric… (more)

DeMers, Steven Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Ultracapacitor Technologies and Application in Hybrid and Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Moderate Hybrid-electric Vehicles. ESScap06, Switzerland,GH. SIMPLEV: A Simple Electric Vehicle Simulation Program-Ultracapacitors in Hybrid- electric Vehicle Applications.

Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Optimum Performance of Direct Hydrogen Hybrid Fuel Cell Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

batteries and ultracapacitors for electric vehicles. EVS24Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposiumpublications on electric and hybrid vehicle technology and

Zhao, Hengbing; Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Materials for Motors of Hybrid Automobiles - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To realize the sustainable mobility society, Hybrid vehicle could be one of the good candidates as eco-friendly car. In this speech, the benefit of Hybrid vehicle  ...

412

King County Metro Transit: Allison Hybrid Electric Transit Bus...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

advanced hybrid electric drivetrain. Both vehicles also incorporated an oxidizing diesel particulate filter. The fuel economy and emissions benefits of the hybrid vehicle were...

413

Platform Engineering Applied to Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This paper quantifies the relative impacts of each platform engineering step on conventional, hybrid, and plug-in hybrid vehicle architectures.

Markel, T.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1:...

415

HYSPEC: the Hybrid Spectrometer at SNS | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Spectrometer at SNS Hybrid Spectrometer Schematic of the HYSPEC instrument Developed by a team from leading U.S. universities and national laboratories and an international...

416

Design and Development of Hybrid Nanoparticles for Energy and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PRESENTATION PRESENTATION " " Design and Development of Design and Development of Hybrid Hybrid Nanoparticles Nanoparticles for for Energy and Biomedical Energy and Biomedical...

417

Affordable Cold Climate Infill Housing with Hybrid Insulation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

with Hybrid Insulation Approach Affordable Cold Climate Infill Housing with Hybrid Insulation Approach, Wyandotte, Michigan (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study:...

418

Facility Type!  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ITY: ITY: --&L~ ----------- srct-r~ -----------~------~------- if yee, date contacted ------------- cl Facility Type! i I 0 Theoretical Studies Cl Sample 84 Analysis ] Production 1 Diepasal/Storage 'YPE OF CONTRACT .--------------- 1 Prime J Subcontract&- 1 Purchase Order rl i '1 ! Other information (i.e., ---------~---~--~-------- :ontrait/Pirchaee Order # , I C -qXlJ- --~-------~~-------~~~~~~ I I ~~~---~~~~~~~T~~~ FONTRACTING PERIODi IWNERSHIP: ,I 1 AECIMED AECMED GOVT GOUT &NTtiAC+OR GUN-I OWNED ----- LEEE!? M!s LE!Ps2 -LdJG?- ---L .ANDS ILJILDINGS X2UIPilENT IRE OR RAW HA-I-L :INAL PRODUCT IASTE Z. RESIDUE I I kility l pt I ,-- 7- ,+- &!d,, ' IN&"E~:EW AT SITE -' ---------------- , . Control 0 AEC/tlED managed operations

419

Compound hybrid geothermal-fossil power plants: thermodynamic analyses and site-specific applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The analysis of hybrid fossil-geothermal power plants is extended to compound hybrid systems which combine the features of previously analyzed systems: the geothermal-preheat and the fossil-superheat systems. Compound systems of the one- and two-stage type are considered. A compilation of working formulae from earlier studies is included for completeness. Results are given for parametric analyses of compound hybrid plants. System performance was determined for wellhead conditions of 150, 200, and 250/sup 0/C, and for steam fractions of 10, 20, 30, and 40%. For two-stage systems an additional cycle variable, the hot water flash fraction, was varied from 0 to 100% in increments of 25%. From the viewpoint of thermodynamics, compound hybrid plants are superior to individual all-geothermal and all-fossil plants, and are shown to have certain advantages over basic geothermal-preheat and fossil-superheat hybrid plants. The flexibility of compound hybrid systems is illustrated by showing how such plants might be used at six geothermal sites in the western United States. The question of the optimum match between the energy resources and the power plant is addressed, and an analysis given for a hypothetical geothermal resource.

DiPippo, R.; Avelar, E.M.

1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in San Francisco. ” Hybrid Cars. http://www.hybridcars.com/that uses conventional hybrid cars for its taxi service tohybrid, CNG, EV, NG) vehicles of the total vehicle fleet (government and private, buses, cars,

Zhou, Nan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Page 1 of 2 STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systems Inc.: CNG-Hybrid Electric Refuse Collection Vehicle $1,200,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 Did Not Pass-liter SESI CNG Engine in Regional-haul Applications $636,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 Did Not Pass Technical of Omnitek- TEDOM 13-liter SESI CNG Engine in Utility Applications $318,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 Did Not Pass

422

STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systems Inc.: CNG-Hybrid Electric Refuse Collection Vehicle $1,200,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 Did Not Pass-liter SESI CNG Engine in Regional-haul Applications $636,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 Did Not Pass Technical of Omnitek- TEDOM 13-liter SESI CNG Engine in Utility Applications $318,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 Did Not Pass

423

STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Not Pass BAE Systems Inc Electric Refuse C .: CNG-Hybrid ollection Vehicle $1,200,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0) Demonstration ofDemonstration o liter SESI CNG E haul Applications Omnitek TEDOMf Omnite - ngine in Regiona 1212 SESI CNG E Applications f Omnitek-TEDO ngine in Utility M 13- $318,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 Did

424

Hybrid options for light-duty vehicles.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) offer great promise in improving fuel economy. In this paper, we analyze why, how, and by how much vehicle hybridization can reduce energy consumption and improve fuel economy. Our analysis focuses on efficiency gains associated solely with vehicle hybridization. We do not consider such other measures as vehicle weight reduction or air- and tire-resistance reduction, because such measures would also benefit conventional technology vehicles. The analysis starts with understanding the energy inefficiencies of light-duty vehicles associated with different operation modes in US and Japanese urban and highway driving cycles, with the corresponding energy-saving potentials. The potential for fuel economy gains due to vehicle hybridization can be estimated almost exclusively on the basis of three elements: the reducibility of engine idling operation, the recoverability of braking energy losses, and the capability of improving engine load profiles to gain efficiency associated with specific HEV configurations and control strategies. Specifically, we evaluate the energy efficiencies and fuel economies of a baseline MY97 Corolla-like conventional vehicle (CV), a hypothetical Corolla-based minimal hybrid vehicle (MHV), and a MY98 Prius-like full hybrid vehicle (FHV). We then estimate energy benefits of both MHVs and FHVs over CVs on a performance-equivalent basis. We conclude that the energy benefits of hybridization vary not only with test cycles, but also with performance requirements. The hybrid benefits are greater for ''Corolla (high) performance-equivalent'' vehicles than for ''Prius (low) performance-equivalent'' vehicles. An increasing acceleration requirement would result in larger fuel economy benefits from vehicle hybridization.

An, F., Stodolsky, F.; Santini, D.

1999-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

425

Powertrain system for a hybrid electric vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid electric powertrain system is provided including an electric motor/generator drivingly engaged with the drive shaft of a transmission. The electric is utilized for synchronizing the rotation of the drive shaft with the driven shaft during gear shift operations. In addition, a mild hybrid concept is provided which utilizes a smaller electric motor than typical hybrid powertrain systems. Because the electric motor is drivingly engaged with the drive shaft of the transmission, the electric motor/generator is driven at high speed even when the vehicle speed is low so that the electric motor/generator provides more efficient regeneration. 34 figs.

Reed, R.G. Jr.; Boberg, E.S.; Lawrie, R.E.; Castaing, F.J.

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

426

Powertrain system for a hybrid electric vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid electric powertrain system is provided including an electric motor/generator drivingly engaged with the drive shaft of a transmission. The electric is utilized for synchronizing the rotation of the drive shaft with the driven shaft during gear shift operations. In addition, a mild hybrid concept is provided which utilizes a smaller electric motor than typical hybrid powertrain systems. Because the electric motor is drivingly engaged with the drive shaft of the transmission, the electric motor/generator is driven at high speed even when the vehicle speed is low so that the electric motor/generator provides more efficient regeneration.

Reed, Jr., Richard G. (Royal Oak, MI); Boberg, Evan S. (Hazel Park, MI); Lawrie, Robert E. (Whitmore Lake, MI); Castaing, Francois J. (Bloomfield Township, MI)

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

427

Hybrid Electric Vehicles - HEV Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling Modeling Background Because of time and cost constraints, designers cannot build and test each of the many possible powertrain configurations for advanced vehicles. Thus, developing fuel cells and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) requires accurate, flexible simulation tools. Argonne undertook a collaborative effort to further develop Autonomie in collaboration with General Motors. Autonomie is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Vehicle Technologies Program. Autonomie is a Plug-and-Play Powertrain and Vehicle Model Architecture and Development Environment to support the rapid evaluation of new powertrain/propulsion technologies for improving fuel economy through virtual design and analysis in a math-based simulation environment. Autonomie is an open architecture to support the rapid integration and analysis of powertrain/propulsion systems and technologies for rapid technology sorting and evaluation of fuel economy improvement under dynamic/transient testing conditions. The capability to sort technologies rapidly in a virtual design environment results in faster improvements in real-world fuel consumption by reducing the time necessary to develop and bring new technologies onto our roads.

428

The neutronics studies of fusion fission hybrid power reactor  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, a series of neutronics analysis of hybrid power reactor is proposed. The ideas of loading different fuels in a modular-type fission blanket is analyzed, fitting different level of fusion developments, i.e., the current experimental power output, the level can be obtained in the coming future and the high-power fusion reactor like ITER. The energy multiplication of fission blankets and tritium breeding ratio are evaluated as the criterion of design. The analysis is implemented based on the D-type simplified model, aiming to find a feasible 1000MWe hybrid power reactor for 5 years' lifetime. Three patterns are analyzed: 1) for the low fusion power, the reprocessed fuel is chosen. The fuel with high plutonium content is loaded to achieve large energy multiplication. 2) For the middle fusion power, the spent fuel from PWRs can be used to realize about 30 times energy multiplication. 3) For the high fusion power, the natural uranium can be directly used and about 10 times energy multiplication can be achieved.

Zheng Youqi; Wu Hongchun; Zu Tiejun; Yang Chao; Cao Liangzhi [School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710049 (China)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

429

Number: 1894 Type: factoid ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... type> Type: factoid Description: How high is the pitcher's mound? ... 2047 Type: factoid Description: How close is Mercury to ...

2003-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

430

A hybrid Godunov method for radiation hydrodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From a mathematical perspective, radiation hydrodynamics can be thought of as a system of hyperbolic balance laws with dual multiscale behavior (multiscale behavior associated with the hyperbolic wave speeds as well as multiscale behavior associated with source term relaxation). With this outlook in mind, this paper presents a hybrid Godunov method for one-dimensional radiation hydrodynamics that is uniformly well behaved from the photon free streaming (hyperbolic) limit through the weak equilibrium diffusion (parabolic) limit and to the strong equilibrium diffusion (hyperbolic) limit. Moreover, one finds that the technique preserves certain asymptotic limits. The method incorporates a backward Euler upwinding scheme for the radiation energy density E{sub r} and flux F{sub r} as well as a modified Godunov scheme for the material density {rho}, momentum density m, and energy density E. The backward Euler upwinding scheme is first-order accurate and uses an implicit HLLE flux function to temporally advance the radiation components according to the material flow scale. The modified Godunov scheme is second-order accurate and directly couples stiff source term effects to the hyperbolic structure of the system of balance laws. This Godunov technique is composed of a predictor step that is based on Duhamel's principle and a corrector step that is based on Picard iteration. The Godunov scheme is explicit on the material flow scale but is unsplit and fully couples matter and radiation without invoking a diffusion-type approximation for radiation hydrodynamics. This technique derives from earlier work by Miniati and Colella (2007) . Numerical tests demonstrate that the method is stable, robust, and accurate across various parameter regimes.

Sekora, Michael D., E-mail: sekora@math.princeton.ed [Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Stone, James M. [Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

431

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Rotaxanes are mechanically interlocked molecular architectures consisting of a dumbbell-shaped molecule, the "axle," that threads through a ring called a macrocycle. Because the rings can spin around and slide along the axle, rotaxanes are promising components of molecular machines. While most rotaxanes have been entirely organic, the physical properties desirable in molecular machines are mostly found in inorganic compounds. Working together, two British groups at the University of Edinburgh and the University of Manchester have bridged this gap with hybrid rotaxanes, in which inorganic rings encircle the organic axles. The hybrid architecture greatly increases their range of useful physical properties, such as the magnetism based on molecular magnets that may make them suitable as qubits for quantum computers.

432

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Rotaxanes are mechanically interlocked molecular architectures consisting of a dumbbell-shaped molecule, the "axle," that threads through a ring called a macrocycle. Because the rings can spin around and slide along the axle, rotaxanes are promising components of molecular machines. While most rotaxanes have been entirely organic, the physical properties desirable in molecular machines are mostly found in inorganic compounds. Working together, two British groups at the University of Edinburgh and the University of Manchester have bridged this gap with hybrid rotaxanes, in which inorganic rings encircle the organic axles. The hybrid architecture greatly increases their range of useful physical properties, such as the magnetism based on molecular magnets that may make them suitable as qubits for quantum computers.

433

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Rotaxanes are mechanically interlocked molecular architectures consisting of a dumbbell-shaped molecule, the "axle," that threads through a ring called a macrocycle. Because the rings can spin around and slide along the axle, rotaxanes are promising components of molecular machines. While most rotaxanes have been entirely organic, the physical properties desirable in molecular machines are mostly found in inorganic compounds. Working together, two British groups at the University of Edinburgh and the University of Manchester have bridged this gap with hybrid rotaxanes, in which inorganic rings encircle the organic axles. The hybrid architecture greatly increases their range of useful physical properties, such as the magnetism based on molecular magnets that may make them suitable as qubits for quantum computers.

434

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Rotaxanes are mechanically interlocked molecular architectures consisting of a dumbbell-shaped molecule, the "axle," that threads through a ring called a macrocycle. Because the rings can spin around and slide along the axle, rotaxanes are promising components of molecular machines. While most rotaxanes have been entirely organic, the physical properties desirable in molecular machines are mostly found in inorganic compounds. Working together, two British groups at the University of Edinburgh and the University of Manchester have bridged this gap with hybrid rotaxanes, in which inorganic rings encircle the organic axles. The hybrid architecture greatly increases their range of useful physical properties, such as the magnetism based on molecular magnets that may make them suitable as qubits for quantum computers.

435

Tough, bio-inspired hybrid materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tough, bio-inspired hybrid materials E. Munch, 1 M. E.guide the synthesis of bio-inspired ceramic-based compositesLike many hard mineralized bio-composites, the ice-templated

Munch, Etienne

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Argonne CNM Highlight: Improved Hybrid Solar Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improved Hybrid Solar Cells Improved Hybrid Solar Cells inorganic-organic hybrid photovoltaic (PV) cells imade of highly ordered titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotube arrays filled with solid organic hole conductors such as conjugated polymers One approach for making inexpensive inorganic-organic hybrid photovoltaic (PV) cells is to fill highly ordered titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotube arrays with solid organic hole conductors such as conjugated polymers. Center for Nanoscale Materials researchers and collaborative users from the University of Chicago present a new in situ ultraviolet (UV) polymerization method for growing polythiophene inside TiO2 nanotubes and compare this method to the conventional approach of infiltrating nanotubes with presynthesized polymer. A nanotubular TiO2 substrate is immersed in a 2,5-diiodothiophene (DIT)

437

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Rotaxanes are mechanically interlocked molecular architectures consisting of a dumbbell-shaped molecule, the "axle," that threads through a ring called a macrocycle. Because the rings can spin around and slide along the axle, rotaxanes are promising components of molecular machines. While most rotaxanes have been entirely organic, the physical properties desirable in molecular machines are mostly found in inorganic compounds. Working together, two British groups at the University of Edinburgh and the University of Manchester have bridged this gap with hybrid rotaxanes, in which inorganic rings encircle the organic axles. The hybrid architecture greatly increases their range of useful physical properties, such as the magnetism based on molecular magnets that may make them suitable as qubits for quantum computers.

438

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity - Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles What's New 2012 Hyundai Sonata (4932) Battery Report (PDF 574KB) 2010 Ultra-Battery Honda Civic Battery Report (PDF 614KB) 2013 Chevrolet Malibu Baseline...

439

Hybrid Silicon Photonic Integrated Circuit Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

modulators for sili- con photonics,” in Proc. IEEE Photon.J.E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical Intercon-The evolution of silicon photonics as an enabling technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced Coal-Wind Non-Hybrid SNG IGCC+CCS PC CCGT Windor a synthetic natural gas (SNG) production facility) and anwithout Fuel With with SNG Production or Syncrude Production

Phadke, Amol

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Travelling waves in hybrid chemotaxis models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid models of chemotaxis combine agent-based models of cells with partial differential equation models of extracellular chemical signals. In this paper, travelling wave properties of hybrid models of bacterial chemotaxis are investigated. Bacteria are modelled using an agent-based (individual-based) approach with internal dynamics describing signal transduction. In addition to the chemotactic behaviour of the bacteria, the individual-based model also includes cell proliferation and death. Cells consume the extracellular nutrient field (chemoattractant) which is modelled using a partial differential equation. Mesoscopic and macroscopic equations representing the behaviour of the hybrid model are derived and the existence of travelling wave solutions for these models is established. It is shown that cell proliferation is necessary for the existence of non-transient (stationary) travelling waves in hybrid models. Additionally, a numerical comparison between the wave speeds of the continuum models and the hybr...

Franz, Benjamin; Painter, Kevin J; Erban, Radek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Hybrid electric vehicles take to the streets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors describe how, equipped with a gasoline engine and an electric motor, hybrid electric vehicles can now bridge the gap between vehicle range and environmental concerns

D. Hermance; S. Sasaki

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Issue 5: High Interest in Hybrid Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reports. (2005). “Which Cars Would People Get Again? ” Con-Motor Trend Announces 2004 Car of the Year. ” Motor Trend,Oregon Hybrid Gas-Electric Car Owners. July. U.S. Internal

Ong, Paul M.; Haselhoff, Kim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Hybrid hierarchical learning from dynamic scenes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The work proposes a hierarchical architecture for learning from dynamic scenes at various levels of knowledge abstraction. The raw visual information is processed at different stages to generate hybrid symbolic/sub-symbolic descriptions of the scene, ...

Prithwijit Guha; Pradeep Vaghela; Pabitra Mitra; K. S. Venkatesh; Amitabha Mukerjee

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Fuel Savings from Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL's study shows that hybrid electric vehicles can significantly reduce oil imports for use in light-duty vehicles, particularly if drivers switch to smaller, more fuel-efficient vehicles overall.

Bennion, K.; Thornton, M.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

HEV Fleet Testing - 2001 Honda Insight Hybrid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 - Honda Insight Hybrid VIN JHMZE14781T002163 Date Mileage Description Cost 2202002 7,595 Changed oil, rotated tires 27.00 592002 15,119 15K service 160.21 6142002 19,290...

447

Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coal prices have been far less volatile than natural gas prices.Coal Prices Figure 9 is similar to Figure 8 except the natural gas pricesCoal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis interested in natural gas prices

Phadke, Amol

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Quantifying the benefits of hybrid vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

per month; one model, the Toyota Prius has reached salesand their halo effect on Toyota and Honda have spurred abattery. Blending power Toyota’s Hybrid Synergy Drive™ uses

Turrentine, Tom; Delucchi, Mark; Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Sun, Yongling

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Experimental Study of Hybrid Cooled Heat Exchanger.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A test system for a hybrid cooled heat exchanger was designed, and the test facility was constructed based on ASHRAE Standard 41.2-1987. A conventional air-cooled… (more)

Tsao, Han-Chuan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Hybrid staging of geothermal energy conversion process  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Progress in the demonstration of the feasibility of hybrid staging in geothermal energy conversion is described, particularly processes involving the Lysholm engine. The performance limitations of the Lysholm engine were studied. (MHR)

Steidel, R.F. Jr.

1984-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

451

Knoxville Area Transit: Propane Hybrid Electric Trolleys  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A 2-page fact sheet summarizing the evaluation done by the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity on the Knoxville Area Transit's use of propane hybrid electric trolleys.

Not Available

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Mosaic neurofibromatosis type 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) with microdeletionsM, Huson S. Mosaic (segmental) neurofibromatosis type 1and type 2: no longer neurofibromatosis type 5. Am J Med

Liang, Christine; Schaffer, Julie V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Study of Hybrid Geothermal Heat Pump Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid Ground Source Heat Pump systems often combine a traditional geothermal system with either a cooling tower or fluid cooler for heat rejection and a boiler or solar heat collector for heat addition to the loop. These systems offer the same energy efficiency benefits as full geothermal systems to utilities and their customers but at a potentially lower first cost. Many hybrid systems have materialized to resolve heat buildup in full geothermal system loops where loop temperatures continue to rise as ...

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

454

Analysis of Hybrid Hydrogen Systems: Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Report on biomass pathways for hydrogen production and how they can be hybridized to support renewable electricity generation. Two hybrid systems were studied in detail for process feasibility and economic performance. The best-performing system was estimated to produce hydrogen at costs ($1.67/kg) within Department of Energy targets ($2.10/kg) for central biomass-derived hydrogen production while also providing value-added energy services to the electric grid.

Dean, J.; Braun, R.; Munoz, D.; Penev, M.; Kinchin, C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Use of Hybrid Rendering Styles for Presentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents hybrid rendering that combines the use of photorealistic and non-photorealistic rendering styles in the same image. This allows to extend the set of expression dimensions available in a visualization environment. To provide general applicability, this use of hybrid rendering styles is controlled by an XML-based scene description. We discuss the according schema definition and present an architecture for implementing the presented methods as well as two exemplary applications.

Roland Jesse; Tobias Isenberg

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Mixed-hybrid discretization methods for the P1 equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider mixed-hybrid discretization methods for the linear Boltzmann transport equation which is extensively used in computational neutron transport. Mixed-hybrid methods combine attractive features of both mixed and hybrid methods, namely the simultaneous ... Keywords: 02.60.Cb, 02.70.Dh, 65N12, 65N30, Linear Boltzmann transport equation, Mixed-hybrid discretization methods, P1 approximation

S. Van Criekingen; R. Beauwens

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Super Energy Saver Heat Pump with Dynamic Hybrid Phase Change ...  

Super Energy Saver Heat Pump with Dynamic Hybrid Phase Change Material United States Patent Application

458

Modeling and Simulation of Hybrid Electric Yuliang Leon Zhou  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling and Simulation of Hybrid Electric Vehicles By Yuliang Leon Zhou B. Eng., University and Simulation of Hybrid Electric Vehicles By Yuliang Leon Zhou B.Eng., University of Science and Technology and analysis of next generation hybrid electric vehicles, exploring the potentials of new hybrid powertrain

Victoria, University of

459

Predictive energy management for hybrid electric vehicles -Prediction horizon and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predictive energy management for hybrid electric vehicles - Prediction horizon and battery capacity of a combined hybrid electric vehicle. Keywords: Hybrid vehicles, Energy Management, Predictive control, Optimal on a sliding window in order to minimize the hybrid vehicle fuel consumption. For real time implementation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

460

Perspective on the fusion-fission hybrid reactor  

SciTech Connect

The hybrid reactor's role as a source of fuel for fission converter reactors is investigated. The role of the hybrid reactor in the energy economy, the interface between the hybrid reactor and the present fusion program, implications of the Carter Energy Plan, and the rationale for further hybrid reactor studies are discussed.

Bender, D.J.; Lee, J.D.; Moir, R.W.

1977-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Adaptive hybrid impedance control of robot manipulators: a comparative study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: direct adaptive control, hybrid impedance control, passivity-based adaptive control, robotics

Luís F. Baptista; José M. G. Sá da Costa

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Alternative fuels for vehicles fleet demonstration program final report. Volume 1: Summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Alternative Fuels for Vehicles Fleet Demonstration Program (AFV-FDP) was a multiyear effort to collect technical data for use in determining the costs and benefits of alternative-fuel vehicles in typical applications in New York State. During 3 years of collecting data, 7.3 million miles of driving were accumulated, 1,003 chassis-dynamometer emissions tests were performed, 862,000 gallons of conventional fuel were saved, and unique information was developed about garage safety recommendations, vehicle performance, and other topics. Findings are organized by vehicle and fuel type. For light-duty compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles, technology has evolved rapidly and closed-loop, electronically-controlled fuel systems provide performance and emissions advantages over open-loop, mechanical systems. The best CNG technology produces consistently low tailpipe emissions versus gasoline, and can eliminate evaporative emissions. Reduced driving range remains the largest physical drawback. Fuel cost is low ($/Btu) but capital costs are high, indicating that economics are best with vehicles that are used intensively. Propane produces impacts similar to CNG and is less expensive to implement, but fuel cost is higher than gasoline and safety codes limit use in urban areas. Light-duty methanol/ethanol vehicles provide performance and emissions benefits over gasoline with little impact on capital costs, but fuel costs are high. Heavy-duty CNG engines are evolving rapidly and provide large reductions in emissions versus diesel. Capital costs are high for CNG buses and fuel efficiency is reduced, but the fuel is less expensive and overall operating costs are about equal to those of diesel buses. Methanol buses provide performance and emissions benefits versus diesel, but fuel costs are high. Other emerging technologies were also evaluated, including electric vehicles, hybrid-electric vehicles, and fuel cells.

NONE

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Business Case for CNG in Municipal Fleets (Presentation)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation about compressed natural gas in municipal fleets, assessing investment profitability, the VICE model, base-case scenarios, and pressing questions for fleet owners.

Johnson, C.

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

464

Failure Analysis of Ruptured CNG Cylinder - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Failure Analysis and Prevention. Presentation Title, Failure Analysis of ...

465

Calmodulin-vermittelte Desensitisierung des olfaktorischen CNG-Kanals.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Das Riechsystem erlaubt Tieren unter einer Vielzahl von Duftstoffen zu unterscheiden, was der Nahrungssuche, aber auch der Identifikation von Partnern oder Feinden, dient. Die Desensitisierung… (more)

Ungerer, Nicole

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Efficient CNG Indexing in Location-aware Sevices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose and evaluate a new in-memory index structure for efficient processing of range queries over moving objects. Traditional spatial index approaches suffer from the need for frequent updates and therefore result in poor performance in moving object environments. To reduce the number of updates, many existing approaches use a linear function to represent the movement of objects, but for numerous real applications, the movements of objects are too complicated to be represented as a simple linear function. The index structure we propose has two levels. The lower level consists of a number of cluster nodes, each of which is in charge of a group of moving objects and can dynamically adjust its location and covering range according to the movement of the objects. The upper level makes use of a grid index to support querying evaluation. With our approach, no assumption is required about the maximum velocity of objects and it is not necessary for objects to move according to some well-behaved patterns.

Yuni Xia; Sunil Prabhakar

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Retail Motor-Fuel Dispenser ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Isabel Chavez, Contact Management System Administrator, (301) 975 - 2128. Contact Us. ... Vendor Contact: ANGI Energy 15 Plumb St. ...

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

468

Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

State Hybrid Electric State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Hybrid Electric (HEV) Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Digg

469

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements to Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Digg

470

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid Electric Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) Exemption from Vehicle Testing Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) Exemption from Vehicle Testing Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) Exemption from Vehicle Testing Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) Exemption from Vehicle Testing Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) Exemption from Vehicle Testing Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)

471

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements to and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Acquisition Requirements on Digg

472

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Taxis Go Hybrid  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Texas Taxis Go Hybrid Texas Taxis Go Hybrid to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Taxis Go Hybrid on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Taxis Go Hybrid on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Taxis Go Hybrid on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Taxis Go Hybrid on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Taxis Go Hybrid on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Taxis Go Hybrid on AddThis.com... May 6, 2010 Texas Taxis Go Hybrid L earn how San Antonio is replacing traditional cabs with gasoline-electric hybrids. For information about this project, contact Alamo Area Clean Cities (San Antonio). Download QuickTime Video QuickTime (.mov) Download Windows Media Video Windows Media (.wmv)

473

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hybrid Electric Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools on AddThis.com... April 7, 2011 Hybrid Electric Horsepower for Kentucky Schools " The hybrid school bus project not only serves as a means to improve

474

NOT EVERY HYBRID BECOMES ANOT EVERY HYBRID BECOMES A PRIUS: THE CASE AGAINST THEPRIUS: THE CASE AGAINST THE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NOT EVERY HYBRID BECOMES ANOT EVERY HYBRID BECOMES A PRIUS: THE CASE AGAINST THEPRIUS: THE CASE INTRODUCED ITS HYBRIDIN 1997 TOYOTA INTRODUCED ITS HYBRID CAR CALLED THE PRIUS WITH ELECTRICCAR CALLED THE PRIUS WITH ELECTRIC DRIVEDRIVE #12;IN THE 1950s FORD PROPOSED ITS HYBRID CARIN THE 1950s FORD PROPOSED

475

Commercial viability of hybrid vehicles : best household use and cross national considerations.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Japanese automakers have introduced hybrid passenger cars in Japan and will soon do so in the US. In this paper, we report how we used early computer simulation model results to compare the commercial viability of a hypothetical near-term (next decade) hybrid mid-size passenger car configuration under varying fuel price and driving patterns. The fuel prices and driving patterns evaluated are designed to span likely values for major OECD nations. Two types of models are used. One allows the ''design'' of a hybrid to a specified set of performance requirements and the prediction of fuel economy under a number of possible driving patterns (called driving cycles). Another provides an estimate of the incremental cost of the hybrid in comparison to a comparably performing conventional vehicle. In this paper, the models are applied to predict the NPV cost of conventional gasoline-fueled vehicles vs. parallel hybrid vehicles. The parallel hybrids are assumed to (1) be produced at high volume, (2) use nickel metal hydride battery packs, and (3) have high-strength steel bodies. The conventional vehicle also is assumed to have a high-strength steel body. The simulated vehicles are held constant in many respects, including 0-60 time, engine type, aerodynamic drag coefficient, tire rolling resistance, and frontal area. The hybrids analyzed use the minimum size battery pack and motor to meet specified 0-60 times. A key characteristic affecting commercial viability is noted and quantified: that hybrids achieve the most pronounced fuel economy increase (best use) in slow, average-speed, stop-and-go driving, but when households consistently drive these vehicles under these conditions, they tend to travel fewer miles than average vehicles. We find that hours driven is a more valuable measure than miles. Estimates are developed concerning hours of use of household vehicles versus driving cycle, and the pattern of minimum NPV incremental cost (or benefit) of selecting the hybrid over the conventional vehicle at various fuel prices is illustrated. These results are based on data from various OECD motions on fuel price, annual miles of travel per vehicle, and driving cycles assumed to be applicable in those nations. Scatter in results plotted as a function of average speed, related to details of driving cycles and the vehicles selected for analysis, is discussed.

Santini, D. J.; Vyas, A. D.

1999-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

476

Impact of SiC Devices on Hybrid Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The application of SiC devices (as battery interface, motor controller, etc.) in a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) will benefit from their high-temperature capability, high-power density, and high efficiency. Moreover, the light weight and small volume will affect the whole power train system in a HEV, and thus performance and cost. In this work, the performance of HEVs is analyzed using PSAT (powertrain system analysis tool, vehicle simulation software). Power loss models of a SiC inverter are incorporated into PSAT powertrain models in order to study the impact of SiC devices on HEVs. Two types of HEVs are considered. One is the 2004 Toyota Prius HEV, the other is a plug-in HEV (PHEV), whose powertrain architecture is the same as that of the 2004 Toyota Prius HEV. The vehicle-level benefits from the introduction of the SiC devices are demonstrated by simulations. Not only the power loss in the motor controller but also those in other components in the vehicle powertrain are reduced. As a result, the system efficiency is improved and the vehicles consume less energy and emit less harmful gases. It also makes it possible to improve the system compactness with simplified thermal management system. For the PHEV, the benefits are more distinct. Especially, the size of battery bank can be reduced for optimum design.

Zhang, Hui [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

MHK Technologies/Hybrid wave Wind Wave pumps and turbins | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Wave pumps and turbins Wind Wave pumps and turbins < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Hybrid wave Wind Wave pumps and turbins.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Ocean Wave Wind Energy Ltd OWWE Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Point Absorber - Floating Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description 2Wave1Wind The hybrid wave power rig uses two wave converting technologies in addition to wind mills The main system is a pneumatic float in the category of overtopping as Wave Dragon In addition the pneumatic float can house point absorbers The hybrid wave power rig is based on the patented wave energy converter from 2005

478

NETL: News Release - Department of Energy Announces World's First "Hybrid"  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

April 17, 2000 April 17, 2000 Department of Energy Announces World's First "Hybrid" Fuel Cell-Turbine Built in Pittsburgh, Super-Clean Technology to be Sited in California Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson today announced that a revolutionary new type of fuel cell power plant has been built and will begin a cross-country trip to its test installation in Irvine, Calif. Siemens Westinghouse 220-Kilowatt Fuel Cell-Turbine Hybrid - The Siemens Westinghouse 220-kilowatt power system is the first in the world to combine a solid oxide fuel cell and a microturbine in an innovative "hybrid" configuration. It is the latest innovation in the Department of Energy's fuel cell research program. The new power plant, the first in the world to combine a state-of-the-art fuel cell with a gas turbine, is one of the cleanest and

479

2006 Lexus RX400h-4807 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Lexus RX900h hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTJHW31U660004807). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

2006 Lexus RX400h-2575 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Lexus RX900h hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTJHW31U660002575). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "types cng hybrid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

2006 Lexus RX400h-2575 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Lexus RX900h hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTJHW31U660002575). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

2006 Lexus RX400h-4807 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity conducts several different types of tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicles batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new, and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of accelerated testing. This report documents the battery testing performed and battery testing results for the 2007 Lexus RX900h hybrid electric vehicle (Vin Number JTJHW31U660004807). Testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. The Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation conduct Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Chester Motloch; James Francfort

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Technology Roadmap - Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Roadmap - Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Technology Roadmap - Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Technology Roadmap - Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Focus Area: Vehicles Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Resource Type: Reports, Journal Articles, & Tools Website: www.iea.org/papers/2011/EV_PHEV_Roadmap.pdf The primary role of this EV/PHEV Roadmap is to help establish a vision for technology deployment; set approximate, feasible targets; and identify steps required to get there. It also outlines the role for different stakeholders and how they can work together to reach common objectives, and the role for government policy to support the process. References

484

Symmetric and asymmetric hybridization in citrus spp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United States is the second largest producer of oranges and grapefruit. However, the US citrus industry experiences constraints in production due to pests, diseases and environmental concerns. Furthermore, due to the low diversity in current commercial scion cultivars any exotic diseases, if introduced into any of the producing states could be devastating. To maintain the US industry competitiveness it is necessary to improve cold, pest and disease resistance to allow expansion of citrus production areas in the US, and to improve fruit quality characteristics such as sweetness, vitamins and phytochemical contents and seedlessness. Sexual hybridization in most Citrus species is complicated because they are highly apomictic. Polyembryony makes it difficult to create large segregating populations for selection. Somatic hybridization by protoplast fusion circumvents sexual incompatibilities and is a powerful tool in genetic improvement. Symmetric and asymmetric hybdridization (gamma irradiation plus iodoacetamide) via protoplast fusion were performed with the objective of producing somatic hybrids of Citrus paradisi with C. sinensis and C. reticulata with C. sinensis. These hybrids could be used for grapefruit improvement and to create genetic diversity. Furthermore, irradiated Swinglea glutinosa microprotoplasts were fused with ‘Ruby Red’ grapefruit and ‘Mucott’ tangor to assess the possibility of introgression of pieces of S. glutinosa chromosomes into the recipient protoplasts, a possible first step for radiation hybrid mapping. Double-inactivated fusions (irradiation + iodoacetamide) produced tetraploid and aneuploid plants, and hybridity was confirmed by amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis. This is the first report of obtaining rooted Citrus asymmetric hybrid plants, produced by irradiation plus iodoacetamide. AFLP confirmed presence of S. glutinosa into the receptor genomes, showing a possible donor introgression.

Bona, Claudine M.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Electric and Hybrid Vehicle System Research and Development Project: Hybrid Vehicle Potential Assessment. Volume 1. Summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The results of investigations conducted under Ce Hybrid Vehicle Potential Assessment Task are reported in 10 volumes. This volume contains an overview of the study and its results. The purpose of the overall study was to determine if the petroleum fuel savings achievable through the use of hybrid electric vehicles is worth the R and D expenditures needed to develop the hybrid vehicles and to determine R and D priorities. It was concluded that by the year 2010 hybrid vehicles could replace 80% of the automotive power that would otherwise be produced from petroleum fuels; the public should not suffer any mobility loss through the use of hybrid vehicles; high initial and life-cycle costs are a limiting factor; and R and D funds should be spent for systems design and the development of low-cost batteries and controllers. (LCL)

Surber, F.T.

1979-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

486

Optimal sizing study of hybrid wind/PV/diesel power generation unit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a methodology of sizing optimization of a stand-alone hybrid wind/PV/diesel energy system is presented. This approach makes use of a deterministic algorithm to suggest, among a list of commercially available system devices, the optimal number and type of units ensuring that the total cost of the system is minimized while guaranteeing the availability of the energy. The collection of 6 months of data of wind speed, solar radiation and ambient temperature recorded for every hour of the day were used. The mathematical modeling of the main elements of the hybrid wind/PV/diesel system is exposed showing the more relevant sizing variables. A deterministic algorithm is used to minimize the total cost of the system while guaranteeing the satisfaction of the load demand. A comparison between the total cost of the hybrid wind/PV/diesel energy system with batteries and the hybrid wind/PV/diesel energy system without batteries is presented. The reached results demonstrate the practical utility of the used sizing methodology and show the influence of the battery storage on the total cost of the hybrid system. (author)

Belfkira, Rachid; Zhang, Lu; Barakat, Georges [Groupe de Recherche en Electrotechnique et Automatique du Havre, University of Le Havre, 25 rue Philippe Lebon, BP 1123, 76063 Le Havre (France)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

487

Computer Aided Design Tool for Electric, Hybrid Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research is focused on designing a new generation of CAD tools that could help a ”hybrid vehicle” designer with the design process to come up with better vehicle configurations. The conventional design process for any type of hybrid-electric vehicle would start from the vehicle performance criteria and continue by applying them to the physical models of di?erent components of the vehicle. The final result would be strict and precise characteristics of all components in the vehicle; this scenario gives only one option for the desired vehicle. A new perspective is introduced in developing a new methodology in the art of design. This new method enables the designer to see a wider picture of what he is designing and have access to all his options and capabilities. The method is designed to help the designer ask the right questions about his design options, intelligently guide him through the design process by squeezing the space of solutions and take him to the final designed product. The new methodology is implemented in this research with the following capabilities: 1. The proposed tool allows the designer to choose any arbitrary set of variable to be known and leave the rest as the ones to be solved for; either they are vehicle component characteristic variables or performance measures. This provides a great amount of flexibility and success in designing a vehicle from any available information about it. 2. Instead of starting from single values, the new tool can work with a range of possible values for the known variables and suggest range of feasible values for the unknown variables. This provides the capability of refining the design even further and performing sensitivity analysis. 3. The proposed tool is a package that o?ers both design and simulation capabilities. It includes analytical performance simulation as well as simulation with arbitrary drive cycles and engine controllers. 4. Capability of 1D, 2D and 3D representation of any arbitrary set of design variables in the solution space. The idea is implemented in a pilot version software package for vehicle design.

Eskandari Halvaii, Ali

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Functional expression of the heteromeric “olfactory” cyclic nucleotide-gated channel in the hippocampus: a potential effector of synaptic plasticity in brain neurons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cyclic nucleotide-gated (cng) channels are important components of signaling systems mediating sensory transduction. In vertebrate photoreceptors, light activates a signaling cascade that causes a decrease in intracellular cGMP concentrations, closing retinal cng channels. Signal transduction in olfactory receptor neurons is believed to proceed via G-proteinmediated elevation of intracellular cAMP in response to odorant binding by 7-helix receptors. cAMP opens the olfactory cng channel, which is highly permeable to Ca 2 ?. Here we demonstrate by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry with subunit-specific antibodies that both subunits of the heteromeric rat olfactory cng channel are also widely expressed in the brain. Expression of the retinal rod cng channel, however, can be detected only in the eye. In the adult hippocampus, the olfactory cng channel is expressed on cell bodies and processes

Jonathan Bradley; A Yinong Zhang; A Robert Bakin; Henry A. Lester; Gabriele V. Ronnett; Kai Zinn

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Hybrid staging of geothermal energy conversion processes  

SciTech Connect

A hybrid system consists of two or more energy conversion processes. This study examines the use of three energy conversion machines in hybrid systems: the conventional single-phase turbine, and the two-phase expanders known as the Lysholm engine and the radial outflow reaction turbine. Two hybrid systems are presented. The first is a two-stage, single-flash system with the Lysholm engine as the first stage, and a separator and conventional turbine as the second stage. The second system adds a radial outflow reaction turbine to recover a part of the energy rejected in the second stage. A theoretical specific power of 41.3 kW.s/lb is predicted for the two-stage, single-flash hybrid system. The addition of the radial outflow rotary turbine increases performance to 44.8 kW.s/lb. Both are superior to the double-flash system, with a specific power of 37.8 kW.s/lb. In addition, the hybrid system offers operating flexibility.

Steidel, R.F.

1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Manzanita Hybrid Power system Project Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Manzanita Indian Reservation is located in southeastern San Diego County, California. The Tribe has long recognized that the Reservation has an abundant wind resource that could be commercially utilized to its benefit, and in 1995 the Tribe established the Manzanita Renewable Energy Office. Through the U.S. Department of Energy's Tribal Energy Program the Band received funds to install a hybrid renewable power system to provide electricity to one of the tribal community buildings, the Manzanita Activities Center (MAC building). The project began September 30, 1999 and was completed March 31, 2005. The system was designed and the equipment supplied by Northern Power Systems, Inc, an engineering company with expertise in renewable hybrid system design and development. Personnel of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory provided technical assistance in system design, and continued to provide technical assistance in system monitoring. The grid-connected renewable hybrid wind/photovoltaic system provides a demonstration of a solar/wind energy hybrid power-generating project on Manzanita Tribal land. During the system design phase, the National Renewable Energy Lab estimated that the wind turbine is expected to produce 10,000-kilowatt hours per year and the solar array 2,000-kilowatt hours per year. The hybrid system was designed to provide approximately 80 percent of the electricity used annually in the MAC building. The project proposed to demonstrate that this kind of a system design would provide highly reliable renewable power for community uses.

Trisha Frank

2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

491

Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Hybrid and for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Materials for Hybrid and Electric Drive Systems on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines

492

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Plug-In Hybrid Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Batteries Deployment Maintenance & Safety Laws & Incentives Hybrids

493

A Study in Sorghum Bicolor: QTL Analysis of Photoperiod Sensitive Sorghums, Evaluation of Sorghum x Sugarcane Hybrids and Trait Introgression for Intergeneric Hybrid Improvement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently designated as a bioenergy crop, Sorghum is rather unique as it can produce large quantities of cellulose or sugar which can be used to produce advanced biofuels or compounds. Sweet sorghum contains high levels of sugars and biomass sorghums consist primarily of ligno-cellulosic biomass. Improvement of both sorghum types is essential for maximizing production and conversion efficiency. Photoperiod sensitive sorghum is thought to maximize biomass production yet maturity influence on biomass production and composition is not fully understood. Utilizing sorghum for sugar production has increased efforts to develop sweet sorghums with sugar yields similar to sugarcane. Hybridization of these species has been investigated with, until recently, little success. Testing newly developed intergeneric hybrids and improvement of parents used in their creation will determine their feasibility and improve hybrid performance. Objectives of this research are multifaceted. First, analyze photoperiod sensitive sorghum in varying day length environments to determine maturity effects on plant phenotype, composition, and QTL detection. Second, analyze intergeneric sorghum × sugarcane hybrids to determine agronomic performance in relation to sugarcane. Lastly, introgress the iap allele into sweet sorghum females for use in intergeneric hybrid creation. Photoperiod sensitive sorghum RILs were evaluated in College Station and Weslaco, Texas and Puerto Rico which caused differential expression of plant maturity. Genetic control of trait expression was high for each location. Results indicate gradual induction of plant maturity increases detection of phenotypic QTL and detection of compositional QTL increases when maturity effects on plant phenotype are reduced. Intergeneric sorghum × sugarcane F_1 hybrids were compared to sugarcane in Weslaco, Texas in 2011. Each hybrid expressed agronomic traits similar or better than that of the sugarcane variety. High levels of repeatability and genetic influence on trait expression were observed. Overall performance of the sugarcane variety was better than any individual hybrid tested. Introgression of iap into sweet sorghum was successful and generated seventeen new sweet sorghum female genotypes possessing the allele. Only two genotypes exhibited higher brix readings and both were later maturing than Tx3361. Height and maturity of all developed genotypes varied and desirability of developed lines was similar to Tx3361.

Bartek, Matthew

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Verified hybrid controllers for automated vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — The objective of an Automated Highway System (AHS) is to increase the safety and throughput of the existing highway infrastructure by introducing traffic automation. AHS is an example of a large scale, multiagent complex dynamical system and is ideally suited for a hierarchical hybrid controller. We discuss the design of safe and efficient hybrid controllers for regulation of vehicles on an AHS. We use game theoretic techniques to deal with the multiagent and multiobjective nature of the problem. The result is a hybrid controller that by design guarantees safety, without the need for further verification. The calculations also provide an upper bound on the performance that can be expected in terms of throughput at various levels of centralization. Index Terms — Automated highway systems, game theory, safety. I.

John Lygeros; Datta N. Godbole; Shankar Sastry

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Demand Response Performance of GE Hybrid Heat Pump Water Heater  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a project to evaluate and document the DR performance of HPWH as compared to ERWH for two primary types of DR events: peak curtailments and balancing reserves. The experiments were conducted with GE second-generation “Brillion”-enabled GeoSpring hybrid water heaters in the PNNL Lab Homes, with one GE GeoSpring water heater operating in “Standard” electric resistance mode to represent the baseline and one GE GeoSpring water heater operating in “Heat Pump” mode to provide the comparison to heat pump-only demand response. It is expected that “Hybrid” DR performance, which would engage both the heat pump and electric elements, could be interpolated from these two experimental extremes. Signals were sent simultaneously to the two water heaters in the side-by-side PNNL Lab Homes under highly controlled, simulated occupancy conditions. This report presents the results of the evaluation, which documents the demand-response capability of the GE GeoSpring HPWH for peak load reduction and regulation services. The sections describe the experimental protocol and test apparatus used to collect data, present the baselining procedure, discuss the results of the simulated DR events for the HPWH and ERWH, and synthesize key conclusions based on the collected data.

Widder, Sarah H.; Parker, Graham B.; Petersen, Joseph M.; Baechler, Michael C.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Combining stated and revealed choice research to simulate the neighbor effect: The case of hybrid-electric vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D R.L. Polk & Co. , 2006. Hybrid Vehicle Registrations Morecapital cost of the hybrid vehicle, subsidy providedfor the hybrid vehicle, horsepower of the hybrid vehicle,

Axsen, Jonn; Mountain, Dean C.; Jaccard, Mark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Funding to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Funding on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Funding on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Funding on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Funding on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Funding on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative

498

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Insurance Discount to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Insurance Discount on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Insurance Discount on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Insurance Discount on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Insurance Discount on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Insurance Discount on Digg

499

Type checking and normalisation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is about Martin-Löf's intuitionistic theory of types (type theory). Type theory is at the same time a formal system for mathematical proof and… (more)

Chapman, James Maitland

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Type 2 segmental glomangiomas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

skin disorders: different types of severitiy reflectevidence for dichotomous types of severitiy. Arch Dermatol9. Happle R, König A. Type 2 segmental manifestation of

Hoekzema, Rick; Zonneveld, Ingrid M; Wal, Allard C van der

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z