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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Property:NEPA Application Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NEPA Application Type NEPA Application Type Property Type String Allows Values NOI;GPD;POO;POU;POD;ROW;Sundry Notice Pages using the property "NEPA Application Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) B BLM-NV-WN-ES-08-01-1310, NV-020-08-01 + POO +, POU +, POD +, ... C CA-017-05-051 + GPD +, ROW + CA-170-02-15 + GPD + CA-670-2010-107 + GPD + CA-670-2010-CX + NOI + CA-96062042 + POU + D DOE-EA-1733 + POU + DOE-EIS-0298 + NOI + DOI-BLM-CA-ES-2013-002+1793-EIS + POO +, POU +, POD + DOI-BLM-ID-220-2009-EA-3709 + GPD + DOI-BLM-ID-B010-2010-0083-CX + ROW + DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0020-DNA + Sundry Notice + DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0042-DNA + Sundry Notice + DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0111-DNA + GPD + DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0200-DNA + GPD + DOI-BLM-NV-063-EA08-091 + GPD +, POO +, POU +

2

Sox2 co-occupies distal enhancer elements with cell-type-specific POU factors to specify cell identity in embryonic stem cells and neural precursor cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sox2 is a master regulator of two distinct cellular states, that of pluripotent embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and multipotent neural progenitor cells (NPCs), but what common or distinct roles Sox2 may play in these cell types ...

Lodato, Michael A. (Michael Anthony)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Award Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nuclear deterrent; reduce global threats; and solve other emerging national security and energy challenges. Contact Awards Team (505) 667-7824 Email Types of Awards The Awards...

4

Melanin Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Melanin Types Melanin Types Name: Irfan Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What are different types of melanins? And what are the functions of these types? Replies: Hi Irfan! Melanin is a dark compound or better a photoprotective pigment. Its major role in the skin is to absorb the ultraviolet (UV) light that comes from the sun so the skin is not damaged. Sun exposure usually produces a tan at the skin that represents an increase of melanin pigment in the skin. Melanin is important also in other areas of the body, as the eye and the brain., but it is not completely understood what the melanin pigment does in these areas. Melanin forms a special cell called melanocyte. This cell is found in the skin, in the hair follicle, and in the iris and retina of the eye.

5

Type systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study of type systems has emerged as one of the most active areas of research in programming languages, with applications in software engineering, language design, high-performance compiler implementation, and security. This chapter discusses the ...

Benjamin C. Pierce

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Type: Renewal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 INCITE Awards 1 INCITE Awards Type: Renewal Title: -Ab Initio Dynamical Simulations for the Prediction of Bulk Properties‖ Principal Investigator: Theresa Windus, Iowa State University Co-Investigators: Brett Bode, Iowa State University Graham Fletcher, Argonne National Laboratory Mark Gordon, Iowa State University Monica Lamm, Iowa State University Michael Schmidt, Iowa State University Scientific Discipline: Chemistry: Physical INCITE Allocation: 10,000,000 processor hours Site: Argonne National Laboratory Machine (Allocation): IBM Blue Gene/P (10,000,000 processor hours) Research Summary: This project uses high-quality electronic structure theory, statistical mechanical methods, and

7

Bacteria Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bacteria Types Bacteria Types Name: Evelyn Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What is the significance of S. marcescens,M.luteus, S.epidermidis, and E. Coli? Which of these are gram-positive and gram-negative, and where can these be found? Also, what problems can they cause? When we culture these bacteria, we used four methods: plates, broth, slants, and pour plates. The media was made of TSB, TSA, NAP, and NAD. What is significant about these culturing methods? Replies: I could give you the answer to that question but it is more informative, and fun, to find out yourself. Start with the NCBI library online (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/) and do a query with the species name, and 'virulence' if you want to know what they're doing to us. Have a look at the taxonomy devision to see how they are related. To find out if they're gram-pos or neg you should do a gram stain if you can. Otherwise you'll find that information in any bacteriology determination guide. Your question about the media is not specific enough so I can't answer it.

8

Facility Type!  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ITY: ITY: --&L~ ----------- srct-r~ -----------~------~------- if yee, date contacted ------------- cl Facility Type! i I 0 Theoretical Studies Cl Sample 84 Analysis ] Production 1 Diepasal/Storage 'YPE OF CONTRACT .--------------- 1 Prime J Subcontract&- 1 Purchase Order rl i '1 ! Other information (i.e., ---------~---~--~-------- :ontrait/Pirchaee Order # , I C -qXlJ- --~-------~~-------~~~~~~ I I ~~~---~~~~~~~T~~~ FONTRACTING PERIODi IWNERSHIP: ,I 1 AECIMED AECMED GOVT GOUT &NTtiAC+OR GUN-I OWNED ----- LEEE!? M!s LE!Ps2 -LdJG?- ---L .ANDS ILJILDINGS X2UIPilENT IRE OR RAW HA-I-L :INAL PRODUCT IASTE Z. RESIDUE I I kility l pt I ,-- 7- ,+- &!d,, ' IN&"E~:EW AT SITE -' ---------------- , . Control 0 AEC/tlED managed operations

9

Number: 1894 Type: factoid ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... type> Type: factoid Description: How high is the pitcher's mound? ... 2047 Type: factoid Description: How close is Mercury to ...

2003-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

10

Mosaic neurofibromatosis type 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) with microdeletionsM, Huson S. Mosaic (segmental) neurofibromatosis type 1and type 2: no longer neurofibromatosis type 5. Am J Med

Liang, Christine; Schaffer, Julie V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Type checking and normalisation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is about Martin-Löf's intuitionistic theory of types (type theory). Type theory is at the same time a formal system for mathematical proof and… (more)

Chapman, James Maitland

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Hybrid type checking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phase distinctions in type theory. Manuscript, 1988. [10]Typechecking dependent types and subtypes. In Lecture notesF. Pfenning. Intersection types and computational effects.

Flanagan, C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Type 2 segmental glomangiomas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

skin disorders: different types of severitiy reflectevidence for dichotomous types of severitiy. Arch Dermatol9. Happle R, König A. Type 2 segmental manifestation of

Hoekzema, Rick; Zonneveld, Ingrid M; Wal, Allard C van der

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Writing with Complex Type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

29] Middendorp, J. 2004. Dutch type. 010 Publishers. [30]A. Hyland. 1992. Twentieth-century type. Laurence King. [7]Robertson. 2005. From Movable Type to Moving Type-Evolution

Lewis, Jason; Nadeau, Bruno

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

abstract data type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Definition of abstract data type, possibly with links to more information and implementations. NIST. abstract data type. (definition). ...

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

16

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

05-1 · Types of Costs · Types of Cost Estimates · Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408) costs apply to those items that are consumed in production process and are roughly proportional to level in cash flow analysis and in the decision to use the equipment for reclamation? Types of Costs #12

Boisvert, Jeff

17

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Types of Costs · Types of Cost Estimates · Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408: Mining the equipment for reclamation? Types of Costs #12;· Marginal Cost: ­ Change in total cost ­ Any production process involves fixed and variable costs. As production increases/expands, fixed costs are unchanged, so

Boisvert, Jeff

18

Type systems for dummies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We extend Pure Type Systems with a function turning each term M of type A into a dummy |M| of the same type (|.| is not an identity, in that M ? |M|). Intuitively, a dummy represents an unknown, canonical object of the given type: dummies are opaque ... Keywords: canonical element, proof irrelevance, pure type system

Andrea Asperti; Ferruccio Guidi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

ARM - Measurement - Cloud type  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

type ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud type Cloud type such as...

20

Type-checking injective pure type systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Injective pure type systems form a large class of pure type systems for which one can compute by purely syntactic means two sorts elmt(?∣M) and sort(?∣M), where ? is a pseudo-context and M is a pseudo-term, ...

Gilles Barthe

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Typing constraint logic programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a prescriptive type system with parametric polymorphism and subtyping for constraint logic programs. The aim of this type system is to detect programming errors statically. It introduces a type discipline for constraint logic programs and ... Keywords: Constraint logic programming, Metaprogramming, Prolog, subtyping, type systems

François Fages; Emmanuel Coquery

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Regular Object Types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regular expression types have been proposed as a foundation for statically typed processing of XML and similar forms of tree-structured data. To date, however, regular expression types have been explored in special-purpose languages (e.g., XDuce, CDuce, and XQuery) with type systems designed around regular expression types "from the ground up." The goal of the Xtatic language is to bring regular expression types to a broad audience by offering them as a lightweight extension of a popular object-oriented language, C#. We develop...

Vladimir Gapeyev; Benjamin C. Pierce

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Types of Radiation Exposure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

External Irradiation Contamination Incorporation Biological Effects of Acute, Total Body Irradiation Managing Radiation Emergencies Procedure Demonstration Types of radiation...

24

Type B Drum packages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Type B Drum package is a container in which a single drum containing Type B quantities of radioactive material will be packaged for shipment. The Type B Drum containers are being developed to fill a void in the packaging and transportation capabilities of the US Department of Energy (DOE), as no double containment packaging for single drums of Type B radioactive material is currently available. Several multiple-drum containers and shielded casks presently exist. However, the size and weight of these containers present multiple operational challenges for single-drum shipments. The Type B Drum containers will offer one unshielded version and, if needed, two shielded versions, and will provide for the option of either single or double containment. The primary users of the Type B Drum container will be any organization with a need to ship single drums of Type B radioactive material. Those users include laboratories, waste retrieval facilities, emergency response teams, and small facilities.

Edwards, W.S.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

TYPE OF UPERATICIN  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Process i Theoretical Studies Sample & Analysis 0 Production 0 DisposalStorage a Facility Type 0 Manufacturing q University, a Research Organizatiori 0 Government Sponsored...

26

TYPES OF FIELD TESTING  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TYPES OF FIELD TESTING Convincing proof of energy savings and performance in a specific building and occupant context If direct proof of savings is desired, the only feasible...

27

Discriminative sum types locate the source of type errors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a type system for locating the source of type errors in an applied lambda calculus with ML-style polymorphism. The system is based on discriminative sum types---known from work on soft typing---with annotation subtyping and recursive types. ... Keywords: polymorphism, type errors, type inference

Matthias Neubauer; Peter Thiemann

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

An Improved Type Reduction Algorithm for Type-2 Fuzzy Sets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Type reduction does the work of computing the centroid of a type-2 fuzzy set. The result is a type-1 fuzzy set from which a corresponding… (more)

Su, Yao-Lung

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Screw Type Ac Air Compressor Manufacturers, Screw Type Ac Air ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Screw Type Ac Air Compressor, Screw Type Ac Air Compressor Manufacturers & Suppliers Directory - Find here Screw Type Ac Air Compressor Traders, ...

30

visualcement.nist.gov/BOB/pate035/pou_ptb_8hvol1.bob  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

· ? · ° ? ?? ? ? ? ? ²? µ? ? ? ?÷ ? ? ?? ?? ° ? ? ² ? ? ² ? ? ??? ? ??? ?± ²µ ÷ ???? ° ?? ??? ? ?·? ? ?² ??? ? ? ?? ...

2002-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

31

visualcement.nist.gov/BOB/pate035/pou_t2mm_1umvol2.bob  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

?? ?µ ?· ?± ± ?? ß ? ??? ?? ?? ???? ? ?? ? ??? ? ? ? ?° ?? ÷ ?? ° ?? ? ?·? ??? ? ÷ ?? · ±? ±?? ??? ...

2002-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

32

Pityriasis rubra pilaris, type IV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pityriasis rubra pilaris, type IV Jennifer Bragg MD,rubra pilaris (PRP), type IV (circumscribed juvenile).Type IV PRP develops in prepubertal children, is typically

Bragg, Jennifer; Witkiewicz, Agnieszka; Orlow, Seth J; Schaffer, Julie V

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Pityriasis rubra pilaris, type 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pityriasis rubra pilaris, type 1 Alexandria V Booth MD andhemorrhages [ 1 ]. Five types of pityriasis rubra pilarisand prognosis. The five types include the classic adult and

Booth, Alexandria V; Ma, Linglei

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Types of Thermocouples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Properties of standard thermocouples...Table 1 Properties of standard thermocouples Type Thermoelements Base composition Melting point, °C Resisivity nΩ · m Recommended

35

Manufacturer: Panasonic Battery Type: ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Battery Specifi cations Manufacturer: Panasonic Battery Type: Nickel Metal Hydride Rated Capacity: 5.5 Ahr Rated Power: Not Available Nominal Pack Voltage: 158.4 VDC Nominal Cell...

36

Type I Tanks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I Tanks I Tanks * 12 Type I tanks were built between 1951-53 * 750,000 gallon capacity; 75 feet in diameter by 24 ½ feet high * Partial secondary containment with leak detection * Contain approximately 10 percent of the waste volume * 7 Type I tanks have leaked waste into the tank annulus; the amount of waste stored in these tanks is kept below the known leak sites that have appeared over the decades of

37

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

3!NEEi_S1 3!NEEi_S1 past: -~~~-~~~~~-~~~---------- current: ------------_------------- Owner contacted q yes g no; if ye=, date contacted TYPE OF OPERATION --~~__--~-~~~---- 5 Research & Development 5 Facility Type 0 Production scale testing c1 Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process z Theareti cal Studi es Sample Sr Analysis 0 Production D Disposal/Storage TYPE OF CONTRACT ---------------- 0 Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Clrganization B Government Cpanaored Faci 1 i ty 0 Other ~~---~~---_--~~-----_ a Prime 13 Subcontract& D PurcSase Order 0 Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit price, time & material, +z) ----_----------------------- Cantract/Purchaae Order #-d-z=&-/) -2_7~-------------Is_------------ PERIOD: CONTRACTING I%~(?) - 1465

38

The Napier Type System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Persistent programming is concerned with the construction of large and long lived systems of data. In designing and building persistent object systems, we are attempting to regularise the activities that are performed on data by programming languages, operating systems, database management systems and file systems. We have identified the following areas of research which we are investigating in the context of persistent systems. They are: controlling complexity, protection of data, orthogonal persistence, controlled system evolution and concurrent computation. In this paper, we describe the data modelling facilities of the Napier type system. We also demonstrate the flexible and incremental nature of the type checking mechanism that is required for persistent programming. The type system is central to the nature of the Napier language and we will demonstrate how it has been designed to solve problems in the five areas identified above.

R. Morrison; A.L. Brown; R. Carrick; R.C.H. Connor; A. Dearle; M.P. Atkinson

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Types of quantum information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum, in contrast to classical, information theory, allows for different incompatible types (or species) of information which cannot be combined with each other. Distinguishing these incompatible types is useful in understanding the role of the two classical bits in teleportation (or one bit in one-bit teleportation), for discussing decoherence in information-theoretic terms, and for giving a proper definition, in quantum terms, of ``classical information.'' Various examples (some updating earlier work) are given of theorems which relate different incompatible kinds of information, and thus have no counterparts in classical information theory.

Robert B. Griffiths

2007-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

40

Conditional belief types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study type spaces where a player’s type at a state is a conditional probability on the space. We axiomatize these type spaces using conditional belief operators, and examine three additional axioms of increasing strength. First, introspection, which requires the agent to be unconditionally certain of her beliefs. Second, echo, according to which the unconditional beliefs implied by the condition must be held given the condition. Third, determination, which says that the conditional beliefs are the unconditional beliefs that are conditionally certain. The echo axiom implies that conditioning on an event is the same as conditioning on the event being certain, which formalizes the standard informal interpretation of conditioning in probability theory. The echo axiom also implies that the conditional probability given an event is a prior of the unconditional probability. The game-theoretic application of our model, which we treat in the context of an example, sheds light on a number of basic issues in the analysis of extensive form games. Type spaces are closely related to the sphere models of counterfactual conditionals and to models of hypothetical knowledge, and we discuss these relationships in detail.

Alfredo Di; Tillio Joseph; Y. Halpern; Dov Samet

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Spray type wet scrubber  

SciTech Connect

A spray type wet scrubber includes a plurality of spray nozzles installed in parallel banks across the path of gas stream within the scrubber body, and partition walls held upright in grating fashion to divide the path of gas stream into a plurality of passages, each of which accommodates one of the spray nozzles.

Atsukawa, M.; Tatani, A.

1978-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

42

Types of Multinet System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A limiting factor in research on combining classifiers is a lack of awareness of the full range of available modular structures. One reason for this is that there is as yet little agreement on a means of describing and classifying types of multiple classifier ...

Amanda J. C. Sharkey

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Scripting the type inference process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To improve the quality of type error messages in functional programming languages,we propose four techniques which influence the behaviour of constraint-based type inference processes. These techniques take the form of externally supplied type inference ... Keywords: constraints, directives, domain-specific programming, type errors, type inference

Bastiaan Heeren; Jurriaan Hage; S. Doaitse Swierstra

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

~~__--------_____ ~~__--------_____ q Research & Development q Production scale testing Cl Pilat Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies a Sample & Analysis c] Production 0 Disposal/Storage TYPE OF CONTRACT ~~__-------_--__ 0 Prime 0 Subcontractor 0 Purchase Order a d//F- a Faci 1 i ty Type a tlanuf acturi ng 0 University q Research Organization 0 Government Sponsored Facility a other --------------__----- Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit price, time & material, qtr) ------- -1------------------_L______ Contract/Purchase Order # CONTRACTING PE?IOD- 42 --------------L---- --------- ----------------_---______ OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED AEC/tlED OWNED ----- LE_A_sEE GOUT GO' JT CONTRACTOR E!!!!E!z LEASED - ----_ ---_OW_E!L LANDS BUILDINGS

45

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Owner c:ontacted Owner c:ontacted TYPE OF OPERATION ----------------_ jJ Research & Development 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process i Theoretical Studies Sample & Analysis B Production 0 Disposal/Storage $r Prime 0 Subcontract& 0 Purchase Order 0 Facility Type 0 Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Organization a Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fern, unit price,' time & mate ~r~~-r~~tf~-_~_-_~-~f-~~J~ d ial, etc)_kl/Jlfits ---- -7---- -- Contract/Purchase Order # w?@7-e?-b $ 6, i;,_~~~~~----------------- - ----- C_O!!IF!KXYE-PEELEg: -lTlL-/L?~J --------------------------- OWNERSHXP: AEWHEC AEC/HED' GOVT GB' JT SiXiRACTOR CONiRkCiGR WEE LEAs_EE a!!!%? IEEE!? --------_ ..---LEASED ._ OWNED LANDS BUILDINGS EQUIPMENT

46

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

OWNEF? (S) OWNEF? (S) Current: ____ LcrcJksLG! _________ Owner contacted n yes WI-IO; if yes, date contacted-- TYPE OF OPERATION ----_-------_---- m Research & Development Cl Pilot Scale Cl Disposal/Storaqe TYPE OF CDNTRACT ---__------__--- q Prime 0 Subcnntractor Cl Purchase Order 0 Other infcrmation (i.e., cnst + fixed fee, unit price, time 84 materi+, e.tc) v-7Y07-&G-W ---------------------------- Contract/Pur&aae Order # 0 -?+7- FJc-(CL --___--------~----_______________ CONTRACTING PEXIOD: fl& ,&I;'"'-?;': (&e-?)_-- ' ------------------ OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED GEC/MED SOVT GOVT CONTRACTOR CCNTRACTOR OWNE3 LEASE3 OWNE3 LEASED OWNE3 ----- ------ ----- ------ -__------- LE.352 LANDS u u q BUILDINGS EQUIPMENT 0 FINAL PRODUCT WASTE G RESIDUE a

47

Solar-type Variables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rich acoustic oscillation spectrum in solar-type variables make these stars particularly interesting for studying fluid-dynamical aspects of the stellar interior. I present a summary of the properties of solar-like oscillations, how they are excited and damped and discuss some of the recent progress in using asteroseismic diagnostic techniques for analysing low-degree acoustic modes. Also the effects of stellar-cycle variations in low-mass main-sequence stars are addressed.

Houdek, Gunter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Practical pluggable types for Java  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper introduces the Checker Framework, which supports adding pluggable type systems to the Java language in a backward-compatible way. A type system designer defines type qualifiers and their semantics, and a compiler ...

Papi, Matthew M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Practical pluggable types for Java.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper introduces the Checker Framework, which supports adding pluggable type systems to the Java language in a backward-compatible way. A type system designer defines… (more)

Papi, Matthew M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Type inference for datalog with complex type hierarchies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Type inference for Datalog can be understood as the problem of mapping programs to a sublanguage for which containment is decidable. To wit, given a program in Datalog, a schema describing the types of extensional relations, and a user-supplied set of ... Keywords: datalog, type inference, type system

Max Schäfer; Oege de Moor

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

_---------_-- _---------_-- Research & Development 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilat Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies Cl Sample SC Analysis !J Production 0 Dis.posal/Storage 0 Prime ." 0 Subcontract& 0 Purchase Order 0 Facility Type 0 Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Org&ization 0 Government Sponsored Facility Cl Other ---------_---__-____- Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit price, time & material, gtr) Coni+act/Purchase Order # ---------------------_--_________ C!2kEE~_CIL_N_G-EE~LE~: /5J--L-,r4 53 -------------------------------------- OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED AEC/MED GOVT GOVT CONTRACTOR CONTRACTOR !w!!E? ___--- " EWNED LEASED L_EesEE OWNED LEASED ---------_ --_------ LANDS BUILDINGS ' EQUIPMENT

52

Forecast Technical Document Forecast Types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forecast Technical Document Forecast Types A document describing how different forecast types are implemented in the 2011 Production Forecast system. Tom Jenkins Robert Matthews Ewan Mackie Lesley Halsall #12;PF2011 ­ Forecast Types Background Different `types' of forecast are possible for a specified area

53

Type inference for generic Haskell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. The more expressive a type system, the more type information has to be provided in a program. Having to provide a type is sometimes a pain, but lacking expressivity is often even worse. There is a continuous struggle between expressivity and (type-)verbosity. However, even very expressive type systems allow type inference for parts of a program. Generic Haskell is an extension of Haskell that supports defining generic functions. Generic Haskell assumes that the type of a generic function is explicitly specified. This is often no problem, but sometimes it is rather painful to have to specify a type – in particular for generic functions with many dependencies – and sometimes the specified type can be generalized. In this paper, we identify three type inference problems specific to generic functions, and present (partial) solutions to each of them. 1

Alexey Rodriguez; Johan Jeuring; Andres Löh

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

______ ______ 0 Research & Development 9 Faciiity Type 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies Cl Sample 84 Analysis Production Di aposal /Storage g ;E:"V',;=:;;';"" IJ Research Organization 0 Government Sponeored Facility q Other --------------------- 0 Prime q ,@ Subcontract& Other information (i.e., cost 0 Purchase Order + fixed fee, unit price, time ?8 material, etc) -------mm----+------------- Contract/Purchase Order # CONTRACTING PERIODr c&L&.& rqs-z i i -----~_--~~~_----_ -------------------------------------- OWNERSHIP8 CIEC/tlED CIEC/MED GOUT WNED LE&xU _o!!EED LANDS BUILDINGS EQUIPMENT iii E : ORE OR RAW MATL IJ : E FINCIL PRODUCT [7 WCISTE b RESIDUE q GOUT

55

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

----------------- ----------------- 0 Research & Development .a Production scale testing 0 Pilat Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Thearetical Studies Cl Sample 84 Analysis 0 Production *i DiaposalKitorage Cl Facility Tybe q Government Sponsored Facility Other R.L- 6:e 14 1 1 ---------- --------- I I I TYPE OF CONTRACT ~-__-----------_ fl Prime *I 0 Subcantractbr Other infuriation (i.e., L.t + fixed fee, kit price, 0 Purchase Order time k mat*iik, gtc) /I -~---------'-t-----------~- ----------II---------------- Contract/Purchase Order # I EP!EBEII!G-PEEI9E: ---------------------------------~---- , OWNERSHiP: : I I j ,' / 1 AEC/tlED AEC/MED GOUT GOUT E!!NE_D LEASEI! !z%!NE_D CONTTACTOR CONTf?qCTOR LEASE?? ---w!En- ---LEL3SEI! i I I I LANDS BUILDINGS EIXIIPMENT

56

A type system for CHR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a generic type system for the Constraint Handling Rules (CHR), a rewriting rule language for implementing constraint solvers. CHR being a high-level extension of a host language, such as Prolog or Java, this type system is parameterized by the type system of the host language. We show the consistency of the type system for CHR w.r.t. its operational semantics. We also study the case when the host language is a constraint logic programming language, typed with the prescriptive type system we developed in our previous work. In particular, we show the consistency of the resulting type system w.r.t. the extended execution model CLP+CHR. This system is implemented through an extension of our type checker TCLP for constraint logic languages. We report on experimental results about the type-checking of 12 CHR solvers and programs, including TCLP itself.

Emmanuel Coquery; François Fages

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Pluggable type-checking for custom type qualifiers in Java  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have created a framework for adding custom type qualifiers to the Javalanguage in a backward-compatible way. The type system designer definesthe qualifiers and creates a compiler plug-in that enforces theirsemantics. ...

Papi, Matthew M.

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

58

A Type Driven Theory of Predication with Complex Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates several models of the complex type • which is needed to analyze copredication. Previous accounts are shown to be inadequate and a new account both of • and copredication is proposed. Keywords: categorial interpretation,, coercion,, complex types,, copredication,, dot(•)types, lambda calculus,

Nicholas Asher

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Tornado type wind turbines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tornado type wind turbine has a vertically disposed wind collecting tower with spaced apart inner and outer walls and a central bore. The upper end of the tower is open while the lower end of the structure is in communication with a wind intake chamber. An opening in the wind chamber is positioned over a turbine which is in driving communication with an electrical generator. An opening between the inner and outer walls at the lower end of the tower permits radially flowing air to enter the space between the inner and outer walls while a vertically disposed opening in the wind collecting tower permits tangentially flowing air to enter the central bore. A porous portion of the inner wall permits the radially flowing air to interact with the tangentially flowing air so as to create an intensified vortex flow which exits out of the top opening of the tower so as to create a low pressure core and thus draw air through the opening of the wind intake chamber so as to drive the turbine.

Hsu, Cheng-Ting (Ames, IA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Generic and maximal Jordan types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 7, 2007 ... •(G,k) we exhibit a “generic Jordan type” of M. In the very special ... specializes to the non-trivial observation that the Jordan type obtained by.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Evolutionary Analysis of 11beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase-Type 1, -Type 2, -Type 3 and 17beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase-Type 2 in Fish  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

metabolized by 11 -hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-type 1and type 2 andhydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-type 1 and type 2. A. 11 -HSD1

Baker, Michael E

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

TYPE OF OPERATION R Research & Development T& Facility Type  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

-- R Research & Development T& Facility Type 0 Production scale testing a Pilat scale Y-. Bench Scale Process i Theoretical Studies Sample & Analysis 0 Productian 0 Disposal...

63

From Typing Constraints to Typed Constraint Systems in CHR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Typing constraint programs requires the exibility of subtyping to properly express coercions between constraint domains. The typing of constraint logic programs as done in the TCLP system for example involves solving complex subtyping constraints. In this paper we present an implementation in CHR of Pottier's algorithm for checking the satisfiability of subtype inequalities. We show that when combined with a CHR implementation of an untyped constraint system, a simple merge of both CHR programs gives rise to a new typed constraint system which enjoys nice semantical properties. This is illustrated with examples of typed unification and TCLP programs.

Emmanuel Coquery; François Fages; Projet Contraintes Inria-rocquencourt

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Window Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Window Types Window Types Window Types June 18, 2012 - 8:06am Addthis A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto What does this mean for me? If you have old windows, they are likely losing large amounts of energy through the frames and glazing. By upgrading old windows, you can reduce heating and cooling costs in your home. Windows come in a number of different frame and glazing types. By combining an energy-efficient frame choice with a glazing type tailored to your climate and application, you can customize each of your home's windows. Types of Window Frames Improving the thermal resistance of the frame can contribute to a window's

65

Window Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Window Types Window Types Window Types June 18, 2012 - 8:06am Addthis A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto What does this mean for me? If you have old windows, they are likely losing large amounts of energy through the frames and glazing. By upgrading old windows, you can reduce heating and cooling costs in your home. Windows come in a number of different frame and glazing types. By combining an energy-efficient frame choice with a glazing type tailored to your climate and application, you can customize each of your home's windows. Types of Window Frames Improving the thermal resistance of the frame can contribute to a window's

66

Type error slicing in implicitly typed higher-order languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous methods have generally identified the location of a type error as a particular program point or the program subtree rooted at that point. We present a new approach that identifies the location of a type error as a set of program points (a slice) ...

Christian Haack; J. B. Wells

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Infrastructure Failure - Types and Frequency  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Infrastructure Failure - Types and Frequency. Small events that have no impact on supplies Events that require supply/demand responses Events that result in a ...

68

National Type Evaluation Technical Committee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... checked on an in-motion railway track scale ... Type of Test: (no change) Rail Scale Testing ... or digital), hydraulic, vibrating wire, piezoelectric, or other. ...

2011-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

69

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Lighting Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Lighting Types Lighting Types The following are the most widely used types of lighting equipment used in commercial buildings. Characteristics such as energy efficiency, light quality, and lifetime vary by lamp type. Standard Fluorescent A fluorescent lamp consists of a sealed gas-filled tube. The gas in the tube consists of a mixture of low pressure mercury vapor and an inert gas such as argon. The inner surface of the tube has a coating of phosphor powder. When an electrical current is applied to electrodes in the tube, the mercury vapor emits ultraviolet radiation which then causes the phosphor coating to emit visible light (the process is termed fluorescence). A ballast is required to regulate and control the current and voltage. Two types of ballasts are used, magnetic and electronic. Electronic ballasts

70

A type system for CHR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a generic type system for the Constraint Handling Rules (CHR), a rewriting rule language for implementing constraint solvers. CHR being a high-level extension of a host language, such as Prolog or Java, this type system is parameterized ...

Emmanuel Coquery; François Fages

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Partial Type Inference with Higher-Order Types.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The language MLF is an extension of System-F that permits robust first-order partial type inference with second-order polymorphism. We propose an extension of MLF's graphical… (more)

HERMS, PAOLO

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Gradual typing with unification-based inference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Static and dynamic type systems have well-known strengths and weaknesses. Gradual typing provides the benefits of both in a single language by giving the programmer control over which portions of the program are statically checked based on the ... Keywords: dynamic typing, gradual typing, simply typed lambda calculus, static typing, type inference, unification

Jeremy G. Siek; Manish Vachharajani

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

P-type gallium nitride  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Several methods have been found to make p-type gallium nitride. P-type gallium nitride has long been sought for electronic devices. N-type gallium nitride is readily available. Discovery of p-type gallium nitride and the methods for making it will enable its use in ultraviolet and blue light-emitting diodes and lasers. pGaN will further enable blue photocathode elements to be made. Molecular beam epitaxy on substrates held at the proper temperatures, assisted by a nitrogen beam of the proper energy produced several types of p-type GaN with hole concentrations of about 5{times}10{sup 11} /cm{sup 3} and hole mobilities of about 500 cm{sup 2} /V-sec, measured at 250 K. P-type GaN can be formed of unintentionally-doped material or can be doped with magnesium by diffusion, ion implantation, or co-evaporation. When applicable, the nitrogen can be substituted with other group III elements such as Al. 9 figs.

Rubin, M.; Newman, N.; Fu, T.; Ross, J.; Chan, J.

1997-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

74

P-type gallium nitride  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Several methods have been found to make p-type gallium nitride. P-type gallium nitride has long been sought for electronic devices. N-type gallium nitride is readily available. Discovery of p-type gallium nitride and the methods for making it will enable its use in ultraviolet and blue light-emitting diodes and lasers. pGaN will further enable blue photocathode elements to be made. Molecular beam epitaxy on substrates held at the proper temperatures, assisted by a nitrogen beam of the proper energy produced several types of p-type GaN with hole concentrations of about 5.times.10.sup.11 /cm.sup.3 and hole mobilities of about 500 cm.sup.2 /V-sec, measured at 250.degree. K. P-type GaN can be formed of unintentionally-doped material or can be doped with magnesium by diffusion, ion implantation, or co-evaporation. When applicable, the nitrogen can be substituted with other group III elements such as Al.

Rubin, Michael (Berkeley, CA); Newman, Nathan (Montara, CA); Fu, Tracy (Berkeley, CA); Ross, Jennifer (Pleasanton, CA); Chan, James (Berkeley, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Type Ia Supernovae Project at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Type Ia Supernovae Type Ia Supernovae Supernova-1.jpg Update: Recent Berkeley Lab Computing Sciences News about supernovae: read more... Key Challenges: Understanding Type Ia...

76

Property:InfographicType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Property Name InfographicType Property Type String Description The type of document as a string. This property is used by References and...

77

Typed MSR: Syntax and Examples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many design flaws and incorrect analyses of cryptographic protocols can be traced to inadequate specification languages for message components, environment assumptions, and goals. In this paper, we present MSR, a strongly typed specification language ...

Iliano Cervesato

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Adding dynamic types to C  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developers using statically typed languages such as C? and Java are increasingly having to interoperate with APIs and object models defined in dynamic languages. This impedance mismatch results in code that is difficult to understand, awkward to ...

Gavin Bierman; Erik Meijer; Mads Torgersen

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

SOX2 Co-Occupies Distal Enhancer Elements with Distinct POU Factors in ESCs and NPCs to Specify Cell State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOX2 is a master regulator of both pluripotent embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and multipotent neural progenitor cells (NPCs); however, we currently lack a detailed understanding of how SOX2 controls these distinct stem cell ...

Lodato, Michael A.

80

Superspace Type II 4D Supergravity from Type II Superstring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the equations of motion of type II 4D supergravity in superspace. This is achieved by coupling the Type II Berkovits' hybrid superstring to an N=2 curved background and requiring that the sigma-model has N=(2,2) superconformal invariance at one loop. We show that there are no anomalies in the fermionic OPE's and the complete set of compensator's equations is derived from the energy-momentum tensor. The equations of motion describe a hypertensorial and vectorial multiplet coupled to a U(1)\\times U(1) N=2 Poincar\\`e Supergravity.

Daniel L. Nedel

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Generativity and dynamic opacity for abstract types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The standard formalism for explaining abstract types is existential quantification. While it provides a sufficient model for type abstraction in entirely statically typed languages, it proves to be too weak for languages enriched with forms of dynamic ... Keywords: abstract types, dynamic typing, encapsulation, existential types, generativity, opacity

Andreas Rossberg

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Types of Reuse | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Property » Property Reuse » Types of Reuse Services » Property » Property Reuse » Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse The following provides greater detail regarding the types of reuse pursued for LM sites. It should be noted that many actual reuses combine several types of the uses listed below. Agriculture Many of the LM lands in the west are surrounded by open rangeland administered by the Bureau of Land Management or large ranches that are primarily used for grazing. LM promotes agricultural uses of lands that are surrounded by existing agricultural operations. Agricultural uses, such as cultivation of crops, could be combined with habitat improvements or

83

Description of CBECS Building Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Description of Building Types Description of Building Types Description of CBECS Building Types In the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), buildings are classified according to principal activity, which is the primary business, commerce, or function carried on within each building. Buildings used for more than one of the activities described below are assigned to the activity occupying the most floorspace at the time of the interview. Thus, a building assigned to a particular principal activity category may be used for other activities in a portion of its space or at some time during the year. In the 1999 CBECS, respondents were asked to place their building into a sub-category that was a more specific activity than has been collected in prior surveys. This was done to ensure the quality of the data; after data collection, the subcategories were combined into these more general building categories, which are consistent with prior CBECS surveys.

84

Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maintenance Types Maintenance Types to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance Federal Requirements Program Management Commissioning Metering Computerized Maintenance Management Systems Maintenance Types Reactive Preventive Predictive Reliability-Centered Major Equipment Types Resources Contacts

85

Hadamard type operations for qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain the most general ensemble of qubits, for which it is possible to design a universal Hadamard gate. These states when geometrically represented on the Bloch sphere, give a new trajectory. We further consider some Hadamard `type' of operations and find ensembles of states for which such transformations hold. Unequal superposition of a qubit and its orthogonal complement is also investigated.

Arpita Maitra; Preeti Parashar

2005-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

86

Description of CBECS Building Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) > Description of Building Types Description of CBECS Building Types In the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), buildings are classified according to principal activity, which is the primary business, commerce, or function carried on within each building. Buildings used for more than one of the activities described below are assigned to the activity occupying the most floorspace at the time of the interview. Thus, a building assigned to a particular principal activity category may be used for other activities in a portion of its space or at some time during the year. In the 1999 and 2003 CBECS, respondents were asked to place their building into a sub-category that was a more specific activity than has been collected in prior surveys. This was done to ensure the quality of the data; after data collection, the subcategories were combined into these more general building categories, which are consistent with prior CBECS surveys.

87

Type I vs type II spiral ganglion neurons exhibit differential survival and neuritogenesis during cochlear development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GD: Membrane properties of type II spiral ganglion neuronesJP, Ryan AF, Housley GD: Type III intermediate filamentinhibits neuritogenesis in type II spiral ganglion neurons

Barclay, Meagan; Ryan, Allen F; Housley, Gary D

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Commissioning  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Commissioning to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Commissioning on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Types of...

89

JOM: Author Tools - Types of Papers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HOME > Author Tools > Types of Papers. Types of Papers ... Explores materials usage and development throughout history. These articles must contain new ...

90

Type IIB Orientifolds, F-theory, Type I Strings on Orbifolds and Type I - Heterotic Duality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider six and four dimensional ${\\cal N}=1$ supersymmetric orientifolds of Type IIB compactified on orbifolds. We give the conditions under which the perturbative world-sheet orientifold approach is adequate, and list the four dimensional ${\\cal N}=1$ orientifolds (which are rather constrained) that satisfy these conditions. We argue that in most cases orientifolds contain non-perturbative sectors that are missing in the world-sheet approach. These non-perturbative sectors can be thought of as arising from D-branes wrapping various collapsed 2-cycles in the orbifold. Using these observations, we explain certain ``puzzles'' in the literature on four dimensional orientifolds. In particular, in some four dimensional orientifolds the ``naive'' tadpole cancellation conditions have no solution. However, these tadpole cancellation conditions are derived using the world-sheet approach which we argue to be inadequate in these cases due to appearance of additional non-perturbative sectors. The main tools in our analyses are the map between F-theory and orientifold vacua and Type I-heterotic duality. Utilizing the consistency conditions we have found in this paper, we discuss consistent four dimensional chiral ${\\cal N}=1$ Type I vacua which are non-perturbative from the heterotic viewpoint.

Zurab Kakushadze; Gary Shiu; S. -H. Henry Tye

1998-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

91

Wheel-type magnetic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to a wheel-type magnetic refrigerator capable of cooling over a large temperature range. Ferromagnetic or paramagnetic porous materials are layered circumferentially according to their Curie temperature. The innermost layer has the lowest Curie temperature and the outermost layer has the highest Curie temperature. The wheel is rotated through a magnetic field perpendicular to the axis of the wheel and parallel to its direction of rotation. A fluid is pumped through portions of the layers using inner and outer manifolds to achieve refrigeration of a thermal load.

Barclay, John A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Wheel-type magnetic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to a wheel-type magnetic refrigerator capable of cooling over a large temperature range. Ferromagnetic or paramagnetic porous materials are layered circumferentially according to their Curie temperature. The innermost layer has the lowest Curie temperature and the outermost layer has the highest Curie temperature. The wheel is rotated through a magnetic field perpendicular to the axis of the wheel and parallel to its direction of rotation. A fluid is pumped through portions of the layers using inner and outer manifolds to achieve refrigeration of a thermal load.

Barclay, J.A.

1982-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

93

Wheel-type magnetic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to a wheel-type magnetic refrigerator capable of cooling over a large temperature range. Ferromagnetic or paramagnetic porous materials are layered circumferentially according to their Curie temperature. The innermost layer has the lowest Curie temperature and the outermost layer has the highest Curie temperature. The wheel is rotated through a magnetic field perpendicular to the axis of the wheel and parallel to its direction of rotation. A fluid is pumped through portions of the layers using inner and outer manifolds to achieve refrigeration of a thermal load. 7 figs.

Barclay, J.A.

1983-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

94

Improving MPI communication via data type fission  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Message Passing Interface (MPI) messages are centered around transmitting instances of MPI data types. The data types represented in MPI terms are usually modeled after data types native to the application. If a user does not want to transmit a field ... Keywords: MPI, communication, data type fission, static transformation

Ben Perry; Martin Swany

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Explaining ML type errors by data flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel approach to explaining ML type errors: Since the type system inhibits data flows that would abort the program at run-time, our type checker identifies as explanations those data flows that violate the typing rules. It also detects ...

Holger Gast

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Property:ProjectType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ProjectType ProjectType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ProjectType Property Type Page Description A descriptive type for a project. This property uses pages as for its values, each of which should describe the type in detail. Pages using the property "ProjectType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Akutan Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Alligator Geothermal Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Alum Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Aurora Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + B Bald Mountain Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Baltazor Springs Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Barren Hills Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Black Rock I Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System +

97

Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Control Lighting Control Types to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories Product Designation Process Low Standby Power Energy & Cost Savings Calculators Model Acquisitions Language Working Group Resources Technology Deployment Renewable Energy

98

Toeplitz CAR flows and type I factorizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Toeplitz CAR flows are a class of E_0-semigroups including the first type III example constructed by R. T. Powers. We show that the Toeplitz CAR flows contain uncountably many mutually non cocycle conjugate E_0-semigroups of type III. We also generalize the type III criterion for Toeplitz CAR flows employed by Powers (and later refined by W. Arveson), and show that Toeplitz CAR flows are always either of type I or type III.

Izumi, Masaki

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Hydrogen in Type Ic Supernovae?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By definition, a Type Ic supernova (SN Ic) does not have conspicuous lines of hydrogen or helium in its optical spectrum. SNe Ic usually are modelled in terms of the gravitational collapse of bare carbon-oxygen cores. We consider the possibility that the spectra of ordinary (SN 1994I-like) SNe Ic have been misinterpreted, and that SNe Ic eject hydrogen. An absorption feature usually attributed to a blend of Si II 6355 and C II 6580 may be produced by H-alpha. If SN 1994I-like SNe Ic eject hydrogen, the possibility that hypernova (SN 1998bw-like) SNe Ic, some of which are associated with gamma-ray bursts, also eject hydrogen should be considered. The implications of hydrogen for SN Ic progenitors and explosion models are briefly discussed.

David Branch; David J. Jeffery; Timothy R. Young; E. Baron

2006-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

100

Type C: Caldera Resource | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C: Caldera Resource C: Caldera Resource Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Type C: Caldera Resource Dictionary.png Type C: Caldera Resource: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Brophy Occurrence Models This classification scheme was developed by Brophy, as reported in Updating the Classification of Geothermal Resources. Type A: Magma-heated, Dry Steam Resource Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Type C: Caldera Resource Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource Caldera resources may be found in many tectonic settings but are defined by their caldera structures which control the flow of the fluids in the system.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

What is the fastest type of energy?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

What is the fastest type of energy? Since almost all forms of radiation move at the speed of light, we can determine that there are SEVERAL types of energies that are equally fast....

102

Fuel Ethanol Total Stocks Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 View History; U ...

103

Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Li-Ion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

267 V Rated Capacity (C3): 80 Ah Cooling Method: Glycol Water mix heat exchanger Powertrain Motor Type: 3 Phase Permanent Magnet Number of Motors: One Motor Cooling Type: Oil to...

104

Crystal of GTP Cyclohydrolase Type IB  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This invention relates to a novel, bacterial GTP Cyclohydrolase Type IB enzyme, and the crystal structure thereof.

Swairjo, Manal A.; Iwata-Reuyl, Dirk; de Crecy-Lagard, Valerie

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

105

Lighting Type at Home and at Work  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Information on what types of lights are used at home and at work (data from 1995 CBECS and 1993 RECS).

Information Center

1998-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

Search by Fuel or Vehicle Type  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicle Type Select Year... 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000...

107

Faking it Simulating dependent types in Haskell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dependent types reflect the fact that validity of data is often a relative notion by allowing prior data to affect the types of subsequent data. Not only does this make for a precise type system, but also a highly generic one: both ...

Conor McBride

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Filter type rotor for multistation photometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A filter type rotor for a multistation photometer is provided. The rotor design combines the principle of cross-flow filtration with centrifugal sedimentation so that these occur simultaneously as a first stage of processing for suspension type fluids in an analytical type instrument. The rotor is particularly useful in whole-blood analysis.

Shumate, II, Starling E. (Knoxville, TN)

1977-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

109

Types of Commissioning | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Types of Commissioning Types of Commissioning Types of Commissioning October 7, 2013 - 9:17am Addthis Several commissioning types exist to address the specific needs of equipment and systems across both new and existing buildings. The following commissioning types provide a good overview. New Building Commissioning New building commissioning happens during the design and construction of new facilities. The process ensures that systems and equipment in new buildings operate properly. This is done through design reviews, functional testing, system documentation, and operator training. Federal agencies should consider new building commissioning when building new facilities or undergoing major facility renovations. The process is best implemented through all phases of construction.

110

Property:Water Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Water Type Property Type String Pages using the property "Water Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1.5-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 10-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 11-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 2 2-ft Flume Facility + Freshwater + 3 3-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 5 5-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 6 6-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + A Alden Large Flume + Freshwater + Alden Small Flume + Freshwater + Alden Tow Tank + Freshwater + Alden Wave Basin + Freshwater + B Breakwater Research Facility + Freshwater + Bucknell Hydraulic Flume + Freshwater + C Carderock 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + Freshwater +

111

Property:Document type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Document type Document type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Document type Property Type String Description The type of document as a string. This property is used by a variety of concepts including Reference Materials and may contain document types appropriate for multiple concepts. Allows Values Book;Book Review;Book Section;Conference Paper;Conference Proceedings;General;Info Graphic/Map/Chart;Journal Article;Legal;Memorandum;Periodical;Personal Communication;Poster;Report;Thesis/Dissertation;Web Site Pages using the property "Document type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- Resistivity Distribution To About 3000 M Depth + Journal Article + 2.8-Ma Ash-Flow Caldera At Chegem River In The Northern Caucasus Mountains (Russia), Contemporaneous Granites, And Associated Ore Deposits + Journal Article +

112

Property Types, Definitions, and Use Detail  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Types, Definitions, and Use Details Types, Definitions, and Use Details The property types listed on pages 1 through 7 are eligible to receive the 1-100 ENERGY STAR score. The Use Details marked with an asterisk are required in order to receive a score. Portfolio Manager now contains more than 80 property types to choose from when setting up your property, in order to best identify the primary use of your property. Although the building types for which the 1-100 ENERGY STAR score is currently available will not change, the expanded list of property types that can be selected will offer users more specific and accurate categorization for comparison. See below for the full list of property types available in Portfolio Manager, along with their definitions and the property use details that you will need to enter.

113

Property:Incentive/Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Incentive/Type Property Type Page Description Incentive Type. Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: I Filter:Incentives By Type Pages using the property "Incentive/Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2003 Climate Change Fuel Cell Buy-Down Program (Federal) + Federal Grant Program + 3 30% Business Tax Credit for Solar (Vermont) + Corporate Tax Credit + 4 401 Certification (Vermont) + Environmental Regulations + A AEP (Central and North) - CitySmart Program (Texas) + Utility Rebate Program + AEP (Central and North) - Residential Energy Efficiency Programs (Texas) + Utility Rebate Program + AEP (Central and SWEPCO) - Coolsaver A/C Tune Up (Texas) + Utility Rebate Program +

114

n-Linear Algebra of type II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This book is a continuation of the book n-linear algebra of type I and its applications. Most of the properties that could not be derived or defined for n-linear algebra of type I is made possible in this new structure: n-linear algebra of type II which is introduced in this book. In case of n-linear algebra of type II we are in a position to define linear functionals which is one of the marked difference between the n-vector spaces of type I and II. However all the applications mentioned in n-linear algebras of type I can be appropriately extended to n-linear algebras of type II. Another use of n-linear algebra (n-vector spaces) of type II is that when this structure is used in coding theory we can have different types of codes built over different finite fields whereas this is not possible in the case of n-vector spaces of type I. Finally in the case of n-vector spaces of type II, we can obtain n-eigen values from distinct fields; hence, the n-characteristic polynomials formed in them are in distinct different fields. An attractive feature of this book is that the authors have suggested 120 problems for the reader to pursue in order to understand this new notion. This book has three chapters. In the first chapter the notion of n-vector spaces of type II are introduced. This chapter gives over 50 theorems. Chapter two introduces the notion of n-inner product vector spaces of type II, n-bilinear forms and n-linear functionals. The final chapter suggests over a hundred problems. It is important that the reader is well-versed not only with linear algebra but also n-linear algebra of type I.

W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Property:TypeOf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TypeOf TypeOf Jump to: navigation, search Property Name TypeOf Property Type Page Description Similar to Property:PartOf, this property identifies pages that represent a less specific concept or idea than the subject page. For example, CSP is a TypeOf Solar Power Generation. Pages using the property "TypeOf" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe Survey + Data Collection and Mapping + A Acoustic Logs + Well Log Techniques + Active Seismic Techniques + Seismic Techniques + Active Sensors + Remote Sensing Techniques + Aerial Photography + Passive Sensors + Aeromagnetic Survey + Magnetic Techniques + Airborne Electromagnetic Survey + Electromagnetic Techniques + Airborne Gravity Survey + Gravity Techniques + Analytical Modeling + Modeling Techniques +

116

Candidate Biomarkers for Type 2 Diabetes - Available ...  

The current gold standard for diagnosing pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes is the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), which is used to determine ...

117

Appendix E National Type Evaluation Technical Committee ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... type evaluation criteria relating to the taking of tare ... scales) may semi automatically (pushbutton) take tare values ... automatic tare may be taken to ...

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

118

Property:Geothermal/Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Type Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pages using the property "Geothermal/Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4 UR Guest Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Pool and Spa + A Ace Development Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Aquaculture + Agua Calientes Trailer Park Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Space Heating + Alive Polarity's Murrietta Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Pool and Spa + Americulture Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Aquaculture + Aq Dryers Agricultural Drying Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Agricultural Drying + Aqua Caliente County Park Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Pool and Spa +

119

Turbulent Combustion in Type Ia Supernova Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the astrophysical modeling of type Ia supernova explosions and describe numerical methods to implement numerical simulations of these events. Some results of such simulations are discussed.

F. K. Roepke; W. Hillebrandt

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

120

Decameter Type III-Like Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starting from 1960s Type III-like bursts (Type III bursts with high drift rates) in a wide frequency range from 300 to 950MHz have been observed. These new bursts observed at certain frequency being compared to the usual Type III bursts at the same frequency show similar behaviour but feature frequency drift 2-6 times higher than the normal bursts. In this paper we report the first observations of Type III-like bursts in decameter range, carried out during summer campaigns 2002 - 2004 at UTR-2 radio telescope. The circular polarization of the bursts was measured by the radio telescope URAN-2 in 2004. The observed bursts are analyzed and compared with usual Type III bursts in the decameter range. From the analysis of over 1100 Type III-like bursts, their main parameters have been found. Characteristic feature of the observed bursts is similar to Type III-like bursts at other frequencies, i.e. measured drift rates (5-10 MHz/s) of this bursts are few times larger than that for usual Type III bursts, and their durations (1-2 s) are few times smaller than that for usual Type III bursts in this frequency band.

V. N. Melnik; A. A. Konovalenko; B. P. Rutkevych; H. O. Rucker; V. V. Dorovskyy; E. P. Abranin; A. Lecacheux; A. I. Brazhenko; A. A. Stanislavskyy

2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Massive Type II in Double Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide an extension of the recently constructed double field theory formulation of the low-energy limits of type II strings, in which the RR fields can depend simultaneously on the 10-dimensional space-time coordinates and linearly on the dual winding coordinates. For the special case that only the RR one-form of type IIA carries such a dependence, we obtain the massive deformation of type IIA supergravity due to Romans. For T-dual configurations we obtain a `massive' but non-covariant formulation of type IIB, in which the 10-dimensional diffeomorphism symmetry is deformed by the mass parameter.

Olaf Hohm; Seung Ki Kwak

2011-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

122

Identify your property type | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

property type Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy...

123

Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Control Types Characteristics of the most common lighting controls for offices and other public buildings are outlined below. Typical Lighting Control Applications...

124

Types of Lighting | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

selection. Types of lighting include: Fluorescent Incandescent Outdoor solar Light-emitting diode (LED) Also learn how energy-efficient lightbulbs compare to traditional...

125

Review Forensic DNA typing by capillary electrophoresis ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... for “prime time” in a forensic laboratory setting ... and typing methodologies, many forensic laboratories will likely ... http://www.fbi.gov/hq/lab/fsc/backissu ...

2004-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

126

GHZ-type and W-type entangled coherent states: generation and Bell-type inequality tests without photon counting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study GHZ-type and W-type three-mode entangled coherent states. Both the types of entangled coherent states violate Mermin's version of the Bell inequality with threshold photon detection (i.e., without photon counting). Such an experiment can be performed using linear optics elements and threshold detectors with significant Bell violations for GHZ-type entangled coherent states. However, to demonstrate Bell-type inequality violations for W-type entangled coherent states, additional nonlinear interactions are needed. We also propose an optical scheme to generate W-type entangled coherent states in free-traveling optical fields. The required resources for the generation are a single-photon source, a coherent state source, beam splitters, phase shifters, photodetectors, and Kerr nonlinearities. Our scheme does not necessarily require strong Kerr nonlinear interactions, i.e., weak nonlinearities can be used for the generation of the W-type entangled coherent states. Furthermore, it is also robust against inefficiencies of the single-photon source and the photon detectors.

Hyunseok Jeong; Nguyen Ba An

2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

127

Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

128

Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

129

Static typing for a faulty lambda calculus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A transient hardware fault occurs when an energetic particle strikes a transistor, causing it to change state. These faults do not cause permanent damage, but may result in incorrect program execution by altering signal transfers or stored values. ... Keywords: fault tolerance, lambda calculus, reliable computing, soft faults, transient hardware faults, type systems, typed intermediate languages

David Walker; Lester Mackey; Jay Ligatti; George A. Reis; David I. August

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

The type discipline of behavioral separation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce the concept of behavioral separation as a general principle for disciplining interference in higher-order imperative concurrent programs, and present a type-based approach that systematically develops the concept in the context of an ML-like ... Keywords: behavioral types, concurrency, higher order programming, interference, separation

Luís Caires; João C. Seco

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

A type system for recursive modules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been much work in recent years on extending ML with recursive modules. One of the most difficult problems in the development of such an extension is the double vision problem, which concerns the interaction of recursion and data abstraction. ... Keywords: abstract data types, modules, recursion, type systems

Derek Dreyer

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Information-flow types for homomorphic encryptions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop a flexible information-flow type system for a range of encryption primitives, precisely reflecting their diverse functional and security features. Our rules enable encryption, blinding, homomorphic computation, and decryption, with selective ... Keywords: confidentiality, cryptography, integrity, non-interference, secure information flow, type systems

Cédric Fournet; Jérémy Planul; Tamara Rezk

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Office Buildings - Types of Office Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PDF Office Buildings PDF Office Buildings Types of Office Buildings | Energy Consumption | End-Use Equipment Although no one building type dominates the commercial buildings sector, office buildings are the most common and account for more than 800,000 buildings or 17 percent of total commercial buildings. Offices comprised more than 12 billion square feet of floorspace, 17 percent of total commercial floorspace, the most of any building type. Types of Office Buildings The 2003 CBECS Detailed Tables present data for office buildings along with other principal building activities (see Detailed Tables B13 and B14, for example). Since office buildings comprise a wide range of office-related activities, survey respondents were presented with a follow-up list of specific office types to choose from. Although we have not presented the

134

CBECS Building Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CBECS Building Types CBECS Building Types Jump to: navigation, search The list below contains the Building Type classifications, also known as Principal Building Activity, established by the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) performed by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)[1]. Education Food Sales Food Service Health Care (Inpatient) Health Care (Outpatient) Lodging Mercantile (Enclosed and Strip Malls) Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) Office Other Public Assembly Public Order and Safety Religious Worship Service Vacant Warehouse and Storage References ↑ EIA CBECS Building Types U.S. Energy Information Administration (Oct 2008) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=CBECS_Building_Types&oldid=270205" What links here Related changes

135

Types of Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Types of Lighting Types of Lighting Types of Lighting October 17, 2013 - 5:36pm Addthis When it comes to lighting options, you have a number of choices. | Photo courtesy of Clean Energy Resource Teams. When it comes to lighting options, you have a number of choices. | Photo courtesy of Clean Energy Resource Teams. You have several options to consider when selecting what type of lighting you should use in your home. When selecting energy-efficient lighting, it's a good idea to understand basic lighting terms and principles. Also, it helps to explore your lighting design options if you haven't already. This will help narrow your selection. Types of lighting include: Fluorescent

136

Property:DIA/Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DIA/Type DIA/Type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name DIA/Types Property Type String Description Development Impacts Assessment Toolkit property to help filter pages Used in Form/Template Tool Allows Values Case Studies;Online Tools;Reports;Spreadsheet;Software;Guidebook/Manual Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: E Energy Forecasting Framework and Emissions Consensus Tool (EFFECT) Pages using the property "DIA/Type" Showing 15 pages using this property. A Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles Pilot Program Emissions Benefit Tool + Online Tools + Applied Dynamic Analysis of the Global Economy (ADAGE) Model + Software + C COMMUTER Model + Spreadsheet + E E3MG + Software + Electricity Markets Analysis (EMA) Model + Software +

137

Property:CompanyType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CompanyType CompanyType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name CompanyType Property Type String Description Describes whether the company is for profit or non profit. Allows Values For Profit;For profit;Non Profit;Non profit Subproperties This property has the following 4 subproperties: A Able Energy Co. C Canary Investments Ltd. H Hyperion Green Energy India Pvt. Ltd. P PowerIt Renewable Energy Pvt Ltd Pages using the property "CompanyType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4C Offshore Limited + For Profit + A AEE Renewables + For Profit + ALDACOR INC + For Profit + Ads-tec GmbH + For Profit + Advanced Energy Solutions + For Profit + All Solar, Inc. + For Profit + B Buffalo Software + For Profit + C Community Energy Inc + For Profit +

138

Job Types | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Types | National Nuclear Security Administration Types | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Job Types Home > Federal Employment > Our Jobs > Job Types Job Types NNSA's workforce is comprised of a diverse and dynamic blend of individuals. We are a staff of top-performing program and technical experts with unbounded potential, a dedication to public service and a commitment

139

Theoretical cosmic Type Ia supernova rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this work is the computation of the cosmic Type Ia supernova rates at very high redshifts (z>2). We adopt various progenitor models in order to predict the number of explosions in different scenarios for galaxy formation and to check whether it is possible to select the best delay time distribution model, on the basis of the available observations of Type Ia supernovae. We also computed the Type Ia supernova rate in typical elliptical galaxies of different initial luminous masses and the total amount of iron produced by Type Ia supernovae in each case. It emerges that: it is not easy to select the best delay time distribution scenario from the observational data and this is because the cosmic star formation rate dominates over the distribution function of the delay times; the monolithic collapse scenario predicts an increasing trend of the SN Ia rate at high redshifts whereas the predicted rate in the hierarchical scheme drops dramatically at high redshift; for the elliptical galaxies we note that the predicted maximum of the Type Ia supernova rate depends on the initial galactic mass. The maximum occurs earlier (at about 0.3 Gyr) in the most massive ellipticals, as a consequence of downsizing in star formation. We find that different delay time distributions predict different relations between the Type Ia supernova rate per unit mass at the present time and the color of the parent galaxies and that bluer ellipticals present higher supernova Type Ia rates at the present time.

R. Valiante; F. Matteucci; S. Recchi; F. Calura

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

140

Membrane-Associated Methane Monooygenase from Type X and Type I Methanotrophs  

SciTech Connect

Membrane-Associated Methane Monooxygenases from Type X and Type I Methanotrophs A.A. DiSirito and W.E. Antholine Project Number: DE-FG02-00ER15446 Final project report.

Antholine, William E.; DiSpirito, Alan A.

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

On Type II Strings in Two Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider type IIA/B strings in two-dimensions and their projection with respect to the nilpotent space-time supercharge. Based on the ground ring structure, we propose a duality between perturbed type II strings and the topological B-model on deformed Calabi-Yau singularities. Depending on the type II spectra, one has either the conifold or the suspended pinch point geometry. Using the corresponding quiver gauge theory, obtained by D-branes wrapping in the resolved suspended pinch point geometry, we propose the all orders perturbative partition function.

Harald Ita; Harald Nieder; Yaron Oz

2005-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

142

Bianchi Type IX M-Branes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present new M2 and M5 brane solutions in M-theory based on transverse self-dual Bianchi type IX space. All the other recently M2 and M5 branes constructed on transverse self-dual Taub-NUT, Egughi-Hanson and Atiyah-Hitchin spaces are special cases of this solution. The solution provides a smooth transition from Eguchi-Hanson type I based M branes to corresponding branes based on Eguchi-Hanson type II space. All the solutions can be reduced down to ten dimensional fully localized intersecting brane configurations.

A. M. Ghezelbash

2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

143

Prospective Type Ia supernova surveys from Dome A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prospective Type Ia Supernova Surveys From Dome A A. Kim a ,are conducive toward Type Ia supernova surveys forheterogeneities within the Type Ia supernova class, reducing

Kim, A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Category:NEPA Environmental Analysis Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Environmental Analysis Types Jump to: navigation, search Category:NEPA Environmental Analysis Types Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the NEPA Environmental Analysis Types page? For...

145

Property:Available Personnel Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Personnel Types Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Available Personnel Types Property Type Text Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleProperty:AvailablePer...

146

Category:Financial Incentives Incentive Types | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Financial Incentives Incentive Types Jump to: navigation, search Financial Incentive Types. Pages in category "Financial Incentives Incentive Types" The following 14 pages are in...

147

Category:CBECS Building Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CBECS Building Types Jump to: navigation, search This category uses the form CBECS Building Type. Pages in category "CBECS Building Types" The following 16 pages are in this...

148

Lighting Control Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Control Types Lighting Control Types Lighting Control Types October 7, 2013 - 11:27am Addthis Characteristics of the most common lighting controls for offices and other public buildings are outlined below. Also provided is a portable document format version of How to Select Lighting Controls for Offices and Public Buildings. Typical Lighting Control Applications Type of Control Private Office Open Office - Daylit Open Office - Interior Occupancy Sensors ++ ++ ++ Time Scheduling + ++ ++ Daylight Dimming ++ ++ 0 Bi-Level Switching ++ + + Demand Lighting + ++ ++ ++ = good savings potential + = some savings potential 0 = not applicable Back to Top Occupancy Sensors Occupancy sensors are the most common lighting control used in buildings today. Two technologies dominate: infrared and ultrasonic. Infrared sensors

149

Why Sequence Type I and II Methanotrophs?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Type I and II Methanotrophs? Type I and II Methanotrophs? Methanotrophic bacteria are absolutely vital for the global carbon cycle and to carbon sequestration, as they constitute the largest known biological methane sink. Methanotrophs are also central to the bioremediation and biofuel development goals of the DOE. To date, only two methanotrophic bacteria have undergone complete genome sequencing, and only one sequence is available to the public. Methanotrophs are distinguished from other microorganisms by their ability to utilize methane as a sole carbon and energy source, yet they are physiologically and phylogenetically diverse, affiliating with both Gammaproteobacteria (type I methanotrophs) and Alphaproteobacteria (type II methanotrophs). Methanotrophs are ubiquitous and play a major role in the

150

Property:Technology Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Type Technology Type Property Type Text Pages using the property "Technology Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) M MHK Technologies/14 MW OTECPOWER + OTEC - Closed Cycle MHK Technologies/Aegir Dynamo + Point Absorber - Floating MHK Technologies/Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine + Oscillating Wave Surge Converter MHK Technologies/AquaBuoy + Point Absorber MHK Technologies/Aquanator + Cross Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Aquantis + Axial Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Archimedes Wave Swing + Point Absorber MHK Technologies/Atlantis AN 150 + Axial Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Atlantis AR 1000 + Axial Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Atlantis AS 400 + Axial Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Atlantisstrom + Cross Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/BOLT Lifesaver + Oscillating Wave Surge Converter

151

Markov's Principle for Propositional Type Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we show how to extend a constructive type theory with a principle that captures the spirit of Markov's principle from constructive recursive mathematics. Markov's principle is especially useful for proving termination of specific computations. ...

Alexei Kopylov; Aleksey Nogin

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Appendix A National Type Evaluation Technical Committee ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... deemed necessary to evaluate a belt profiling feature in ... a 10:1 ratio based on the size, loading and speed ... Similar or the same type of load cell or ...

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

153

Property:FacilityType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FacilityType FacilityType Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "FacilityType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 3 3-D Metals + Small Scale Wind + A AB Tehachapi Wind Farm + Commercial Scale Wind + AFCEE MMR Turbines + Commercial Scale Wind + AG Land 1 + Community Wind + AG Land 2 + Community Wind + AG Land 3 + Community Wind + AG Land 4 + Community Wind + AG Land 5 + Community Wind + AG Land 6 + Community Wind + AV Solar Ranch I Solar Power Plant + Photovoltaics + AVTEC + Small Scale Wind + Acme Landfill Biomass Facility + Landfill Gas + Adair Wind Farm I + Commercial Scale Wind + Adair Wind Farm II + Commercial Scale Wind + Adams Wind Project + Commercial Scale Wind + Adrian Energy Associates LLC Biomass Facility + Landfill Gas +

154

Simultaneous Occurrence of Different Cloud Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud observations from land stations and from ships in the ocean are used to investigate the frequency of observation and the co-occurrence of different cloud types, and the geographical and seasonal variations of these co-occurrences. Ground-...

Stephen G. Warren; Carole J. Hahn; Julius London

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Radiative Effects of Cloud-Type Variations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiative flux changes induced by the occurrence of different cloud types are investigated using International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project cloud data and a refined radiative transfer model from National Aeronautics and Space ...

Ting Chen; William B. Rossow; Yuanchong Zhang

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Contractor: Contract Number: Contract Type: Total Estimated  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Number: Contract Type: Total Estimated Contract Cost: Performance Period Total Fee Earned FY2008 2,550,203 FY2009 39,646,446 FY2010 64,874,187 FY2011 66,253,207 FY2012...

157

Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Li-Ion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 All-Electric Conversion of the USPS Long Life Vehicle (LLV) Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Li-Ion Pack Locations: Underbody (inboard of frame rails) Nominal System Voltage:...

158

Estimating Cloud Type from Pyranometer Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the authors evaluate an inexpensive and automatable method to estimate cloud type at a given location during daylight hours using the time series of irradiance from a pyranometer. The motivation for this investigation is to provide ...

Claude E. Duchon; Mark S. O’Malley

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

User Participation, Management Support and System Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores user participation in the systems development process and examines this variable in relation to the type of system under development. Prior user participation research has not shown conclusive support for its impact on system success. ...

Edward J. Garrity

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Types of Insulation | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Insulation Types of Insulation May 30, 2012 - 11:43am Addthis In existing homes, cellulose (here) or other loose-fill materials can be installed in building cavities through holes...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Property:Study Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Type Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "Study Type" Showing 22 pages using this property. D Distributed Generation Study/10 West 66th Street Corp + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/615 kW Waukesha Packaged System + Laboratory Test + Distributed Generation Study/Aisin Seiki G60 at Hooligans Bar and Grille + Field Test + Distributed Generation Study/Arrow Linen + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/Dakota Station (Minnegasco) + Case Study + Distributed Generation Study/Elgin Community College + Case Study + Distributed Generation Study/Emerling Farm + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/Floyd Bennett + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/Harbec Plastics + Long-term Monitoring +

162

Algebraic Characterizations of Flow-Network Typings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A flow network N is a capacited finite directed graph, with multiple input ports/arcs and multiple output ports/arcs. A flow f in N assigns a non-negative real number to every arc and is feasible if it satisfies flow conservation at every node and respects lower-bound/upper-bound capacities at every arc. We develop an algebraic theory of feasible flows in such networks with several beneficial consequences. We define algorithms to infer, from a given flow network N, an algebraic classification, which we call a typing for N, of all assignments f0 of values to the input and output arcs of N that can be extended to a feasible flow f. We then establish necessary and sufficient conditions on an arbitrary typing T guaranteeing that T is a valid typing for some flow network N. Based on these necessary and sufficient conditions, we define operations on typings that preserve their validity (to be typings for flow networks), and examine the implications for a typing theory of flow networks.

Assaf Kfoury

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

What type of vehicle do people drive? The role of attitude and lifestyle in influencing vehicle type choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on revealed and stated vehicle type choice and utilizationA disaggregate model of auto-type choice. Transportationforecasting automobile type-choice. Transportation Research

Choo, Sangho; Mokhtarian, Patricia L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

What type of vehicle do people drive? The role of attitude and lifestyle in influencing vehicle type choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Relationship of Vehicle Type Choice to Personality,on revealed and stated vehicle type choice and utilizationA disaggregate model of auto-type choice. Transportation

Choo, S; Mokhtarian, Patricia L

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Twisted Dedekind Type Sums Associated with Barnes' Type Multiple Frobenius-Euler l-Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to construct new Dedekind type sums. We construct generating functions of Barnes' type multiple Frobenius-Euler numbers and polynomials. By applying Mellin transformation to these functions, we define Barnes' type multiple l-functions, which interpolate Frobenius-Euler numbers at negative integers. By using generalizations of the Frobenius-Euler functions, we define generalized Dedekind type sums and prove corresponding reciprocity law. We also give twisted versions of the Frobenius-Euler polynomials and new Dedekind type sums and corresponding reciprocity law. Furthermore, by using p-adic q-Volkenborn integral and twisted (h,q)-Bernoulli functions, we construct p-adic (h,q)-higher order Dedekind type sums. By using relation between Bernoulli and Frobenius-Euler functions, we also define analogues of Hardy-Berndt type sums. We give some new relations related to to these sums as well.

Mehmet Cenkci; Yilmaz Simsek; Mumun Can; Veli Kurt

2007-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

166

Property:File/MimeType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MimeType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name FileMimeType Property Type String Description MIME Type of the original file. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

167

Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Li-Ion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Under hood above powertrain Under hood above powertrain Nominal System Voltage: 333 V Rated Capacity (C/3): 40 Ah Cooling Method: Glycol / Water mix Powertrain Motor Type: DC Brushless Number of Motors: One Motor Cooling Type: Glycol / Water mix Drive Wheels: Rear Wheel Drive Transmission: None (gear ratio only in rear axle) Charger Location: Underhood Charger Port: Driver's side, front quarter panel Type: Conductive (J1772 connector) Input Voltage(s): 120 or 240 VAC Chassis Aluminum Body on Steel Frame Rear Suspension: Solid Axle with Leaf Springs Front Suspension: Dual A-arm with Coil Springs Weights Design Curb Weight: 3250 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 3310 lbs 7 Distribution F/R: 55.2/44.8% GVWR: 4450 lbs Max Payload: 940 lbs + 200 lbs driver 1 Performance Goal Payload: 1000 lbs + 200 lbs driver

168

MEMORANDUM TO: FILE FROM: TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

, , TYPE OF OPERATION ~_--_-----_---___ 69 Research & Development a Facility. Type 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilat Scale IK Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies u Sample & Analysis q Production 0 Disposal/Storage a Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Organization 0 Government Sponsored Facility 0 Other --------------__----- TYPE OF CONTRACT ---------------- 0 Prime 0 Other information (i.e., cost 0 Subcontractor + fixed fee, unit price, 5 Purchase Order ~SlvtM ay LuPo~l- time & material, r+c) _L-G~-~~~ ------GA------ Contract/Purchase Order # 3 I -? ciYl---------------------------- AZ. FG CONTRACTING PERIOD: --------__--_____- ----&-b&-f zw------ ______________ OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED AEC/MED OWE_3 LE_A_sEQ GOUT GOVT CONTRACTOR CONTRACTOR

169

Types of Insulation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Types of Insulation Types of Insulation Types of Insulation May 30, 2012 - 11:43am Addthis In existing homes, cellulose (here) or other loose-fill materials can be installed in building cavities through holes drilled (usually) on the exterior of the house. After the installation, the holes are plugged and finish materials replaced. | Photo courtesy of Cellulose Insulation Manufacturers Association. In existing homes, cellulose (here) or other loose-fill materials can be installed in building cavities through holes drilled (usually) on the exterior of the house. After the installation, the holes are plugged and finish materials replaced. | Photo courtesy of Cellulose Insulation Manufacturers Association. Icynene plastic insulation blown into the walls of a home near Denver. Icynene fills cracks and crevices and adheres to the framing. | Photo courtesy of Paul Norton, NREL.

170

MEMORANDUM TO: FILE TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

TYPE OF OPERATION TYPE OF OPERATION _--__---~~--~---~ a Research & Development cl Facility Type 0 Production scale testing 0 Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies a Sample SC Analysis 0 Hanuf actuiing 0 University a Research Organization 0 Government Sponsored Facility 0 Other ~---~~--_--_~-___--~ 0 Production 0 Disposal/Storage IYPLPEs!b!Iw!EI 0 Prime a 0 Subcontract& Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee. unit price, *! Purchase Order time & material, qtc) _------ -------------42-----__--_---- ContFact/Purchase Order # ud IdlijL1\^IIJ ---------------------------- --------------------------------- OWNERSHIP: GOUT GOVT CONTRACTOR -CONTRACTOR awED LE_ASED OWNED ---------- ~-~LE!sEn LANDS BUILDINGS EQUIPMENT ORE OR RAW MATL 0 FINAL PRODUCT 0

171

Carbon Monoxide in type II supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Infrared spectra of two type II supernovae 6 months after explosion are presented. The spectra exhibit a strong similarity to the observations of SN 1987A and other type II SNe at comparable epochs. The continuum can be fitted with a cool black body and the hydrogen lines have emissivities that are approximately those of a Case B recombination spectrum. The data extend far enough into the thermal region to detect emission by the first overtone of carbon monoxide. The molecular emission is modeled and compared with that in the spectra of SN 1987A. It is found that the flux in the CO first overtone is comparable to that found in SN 1987A. We argue that Carbon Monoxide forms in the ejecta of all type II SNe during the first year after explosion.

J. Spyromilio; B. Leibundgut; R. Gilmozzi

2001-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

172

Type II seesaw dominance in SO(10)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Grand unified theories where the neutrino mass is given by type II seesaw have the potential to provide interesting connections between the neutrino and charged fermion sectors. We explore the possibility of having a dominant type II seesaw contribution in supersymmetric SO(10). We show that this can be achieved in the model where symmetry breaking is triggered by 54 and 45 dimensional representations, without the need for additional fields other than those already required to have a realistic charged fermion mass spectrum. Physical consequences, such as the implementation of the Bajc, Senjanovic, and Vissani mechanism, the possibility of the fields responsible for type II seesaw dominance being messengers of supersymmetry breaking, and the realization of baryo and leptogenesis in these theories, are discussed.

Melfo, Alejandra; Ramirez, Alba [Centro de Fisica Fundamental, Universidad de Los Andes, Merida (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Senjanovic, Goran [International Centre for Theoretical Physics, 34100 Trieste (Italy)

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

MULTIPLICITY AMONG F-TYPE STARS  

SciTech Connect

As part of a homogeneous all-sky volume-complete sample of half a thousand solar-type stars within 25 pc we present a census for the subset of the 150-mostly F-type stars-in the mass range 1.1 M{sub Sun} {<=} M {<=} 1.7 M{sub Sun} in terms of their observed multiplicities. The major obstacle, as expected, arises from the onset of stellar rotation in this mass range for it continues to support many hidden companions. Yet, a solid increase of the fraction of binary and higher level systems as a function of the primary mass is manifest. There is even the prospect that on account of many companion candidates the single-star fraction may already converge to zero at the transition to the A-type stars.

Fuhrmann, K.; Chini, R., E-mail: klaus@ing.iac.es [Astronomisches Institut, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, Universitaetsstrasse 150, D-44801 Bochum (Germany)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

174

Transformations of $W$-Type Entangled States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transformations of $W$-type entangled states by using local operations assisted with classical communication are investigated. For this purpose, a parametrization of the $W$-type states which remains invariant under local unitary transformations is proposed and a complete characterization of the local operations carried out by a single party is given. These are used for deriving the necessary and sufficient conditions for deterministic transformations. A convenient upper bound for the maximum probability of distillation of arbitrary target states is also found.

S. K?nta?; S. Turgut

2010-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

175

Water vapor retrieval over many surface types  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we present a study of of the water vapor retrieval for many natural surface types which would be valuable for multi-spectral instruments using the existing Continuum Interpolated Band Ratio (CIBR) for the 940 nm water vapor absorption feature. An atmospheric code (6S) and 562 spectra were used to compute the top of the atmosphere radiance near the 940 nm water vapor absorption feature in steps of 2.5 nm as a function of precipitable water (PW). We derive a novel technique called ``Atmospheric Pre-corrected Differential Absorption`` (APDA) and show that APDA performs better than the CIBR over many surface types.

Borel, C.C.; Clodius, W.C.; Johnson, J.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Fiber-type dosimeter with improved illuminator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single-piece, molded plastic, Cassigrainian-type condenser arrangement is incorporated in a tubular-shaped personal pocket dosimeter of the type which combines an ionization chamber with an optically-read fiber electrometer to provide improved illumination of the electrometer fiber. The condenser routes incoming light from one end of the dosimeter tubular housing around a central axis charging pin assembly and focuses the light at low angles to the axis so that it falls within the acceptance angle of the electrometer fiber objective lens viewed through an eyepiece lens disposed in the opposite end of the dosimeter. This results in improved fiber illumination and fiber image contrast.

Fox, Richard J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Fiber-type dosimeter with improved illuminator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single-piece, molded plastic, Cassigrainian-type condenser arrangement is incorporated in a tubular-shaped personal pocket dosimeter of the type which combines an ionization chamber with an optically-read fiber electrometer to provide improved illumination of the electrometer fiber. The condenser routes incoming light from one end of the dosimeter tubular housing around a central axis charging pin assembly and focuses the light at low angles to the axis so that it falls within the acceptance angle of the electrometer fiber objective lens viewed through an eyepiece lens disposed in the opposite end of the dosimeter. This results in improved fiber illumination and fiber image contrast.

Fox, R.J.

1985-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

178

Tailoring persuasive health games to gamer type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Persuasive games are an effective approach for motivating health behavior, and recent years have seen an increase in games designed for changing human behaviors or attitudes. However, these games are limited in two major ways: first, they are not based ... Keywords: behavior theory, hbm, player typology, gamer types, games design, health, persuasive game, serious games

Rita Orji; Regan L. Mandryk; Julita Vassileva; Kathrin M. Gerling

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Bell-type inequalities for arbitrary observables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive a Bell-type inequality for observables with arbitrary spectra. For the case of continuous variable systems we propose a possible experimental violation of this inequality, by using squeezed light and homodyne detection together with methods of quantum-state reconstruction. It is shown that the violation is also possible for realistic detection efficiencies.

E. Shchukin W. Vogel

2009-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

180

A Method to Determine Precipitation Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method to diagnose surface precipitation types is suggested. Most cases of freezing rain and ice pellets occur with a layer warmer than 0°C extending above a surface-based layer of air colder than 0°C. The procedure uses predictors proportional ...

Pierre Bourgouin

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Types of Dialogue and Burdens of Proof  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Burden of proof has recently come to be a topic of interest in argumentation systems for artificial intelligence (Prakken and Sartor, 2006, 2007, 2009; Gordon and Walton, 2007, 2009), but so far the main work on the subject seems to be in that type of ...

Douglas Walton

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Small Hotel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

183

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

184

James-Stein type estimators of variances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose James-Stein type estimators for variances raised to a fixed power by shrinking individual variance estimators towards the arithmetic mean. We derive and estimate the optimal choices of shrinkage parameters under both the squared ... Keywords: 62H12, Inadmissibility, Shrinkage estimation, Shrinkage parameter, Squared loss function, Stein loss function, Variance estimation

Tiejun Tong; Homin Jang; Yuedong Wang

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Northwest Geothermal Corp. 's (NGC) plan of exploration, Mt. Hood Area, Clackamas County, Oregon  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Area Geothermal Supervisor (AGS) received a Plan of Operations (POO) from Northwest Geothermal Corporation (NGC) on 2/12/80. In the POO, NGC proposed two operations: testing and abandoning an existing 1219 meter (m) geothermal temperature gradient hole, designated as OMF No. 1, and drilling and testing a new 1524 m geothermal exploratory hole, to be designated as OMF No. 7A. The POO was amended on 5/6/80, to provide for the use of an imp

Not Available

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Rates and progenitors of type Ia supernovae  

SciTech Connect

The remarkable uniformity of Type Ia supernovae has allowed astronomers to use them as distance indicators to measure the properties and expansion history of the Universe. However, Type Ia supernovae exhibit intrinsic variation in both their spectra and observed brightness. The brightness variations have been approximately corrected by various methods, but there remain intrinsic variations that limit the statistical power of current and future observations of distant supernovae for cosmological purposes. There may be systematic effects in this residual variation that evolve with redshift and thus limit the cosmological power of SN Ia luminosity-distance experiments. To reduce these systematic uncertainties, we need a deeper understanding of the observed variations in Type Ia supernovae. Toward this end, the Nearby Supernova Factory has been designed to discover hundreds of Type Ia supernovae in a systematic and automated fashion and study them in detail. This project will observe these supernovae spectrophotometrically to provide the homogeneous high-quality data set necessary to improve the understanding and calibration of these vital cosmological yardsticks. From 1998 to 2003, in collaboration with the Near-Earth Asteroid Tracking group at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a systematic and automated searching program was conceived and executed using the computing facilities at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the National Energy Research Supercomputing Center. An automated search had never been attempted on this scale. A number of planned future large supernovae projects are predicated on the ability to find supernovae quickly, reliably, and efficiently in large datasets. A prototype run of the SNfactory search pipeline conducted from 2002 to 2003 discovered 83 SNe at a final rate of 12 SNe/month. A large, homogeneous search of this scale offers an excellent opportunity to measure the rate of Type Ia supernovae. This thesis presents a new method for analyzing the true sensitivity of a multi-epoch supernova search and finds a Type Ia supernova rate from z {approx} 0.01-0.1 of r{sub V} = 4.26{sub -1.93 -0.10}{sup +1.39 +0.10} h{sup 3} x 10{sup -4} SNe Ia/yr/Mpc{sup 3} from a preliminary analysis of a subsample of the SNfactory prototype search. Several unusual supernovae were found in the course of the SNfactory prototype search. One in particular, SN 2002ic, was the first SN Ia to exhibit convincing evidence for a circumstellar medium and offers valuable insight into the progenitors of Type Ia supernovae.

Wood-Vasey, William Michael

2004-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

187

Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maintenance Types Maintenance Types Proper operations and maintenance (O&M) goes beyond repairing equipment after it breaks. Several maintenance strategies exist to prevent systems disrepair and degradation. A combination of the following can ensure an optimal blend of cost and life-cycle effectiveness: Reactive Maintenance: Follows a "run it until it breaks" strategy. No action or effort is taken to maintain equipment, prevent failure, or ensure life of the system - even if actions are suggested by the manufacturer. Preventive Maintenance: Refers to a series of actions performed on calendar time or machine run time schedules. Predictive Maintenance: Strives to detect the onset of equipment degradation and address the problems as they are identified. Several predictive maintenance technologies exist.

188

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Changes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Changes in Lighting Changes in Lighting The percentage of commercial buildings with lighting was unchanged between 1995 and 2003; however, three lighting types did show change in usage. Compact fluorescent lamps and halogen lamps showed a significant increase between 1995 and 2003 while the use of incandescent lights declined. The lighting questions in the 1995, 1999, and 2003 CBECS questionnaires were virtually identical which facilitates comparison across survey years. The use of compact fluorescent lamps more than doubled, from just under 10 percent of lit buildings to more than 20 percent (Figure 17 and Table 5). The use of halogen lamps nearly doubled, from 7 percent to 13 percent of lit buildings. Use of incandescent lights was the only lighting type to decline; their use dropped from 59 percent to just over one-half of lit buildings.

189

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Introduction Introduction Lighting is a major consumer of electricity in commercial buildings and a target for energy savings through use of energy-efficient light sources along with other advanced lighting technologies. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects information on types of lighting equipment, the amount of floorspace that is lit, and the percentage of floorspace lit by each type. In addition, CBECS data are used to model end-use consumption, including energy consumed for lighting in commercial buildings. CBECS building characteristics data can answer a wide range of questions about lighting from the most basic, "How many buildings are lit?" to more detailed questions such as, "How many office buildings have compact

190

Compact fast analyzer of rotary cuvette type  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact fast analyzer of the rotary cuvette type is provided for simultaneously determining concentrations in a multiplicity of discrete samples using either absorbance or fluorescence measurement techniques. A rigid, generally rectangular frame defines optical passageways for the absorbance and fluorescence measurement systems. The frame also serves as a mounting structure for various optical components as well as for the cuvette rotor mount and drive system. A single light source and photodetector are used in making both absorbance and fluorescence measurements. Rotor removal and insertion are facilitated by a swing-out drive motor and rotor mount. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention relates generally to concentration measuring instruments and more specifically to a compact fast analyzer of the rotary cuvette type which is suitable for making either absorbance or fluorescence measurements. It was made in the course of, or under, a contract with the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.

Thacker, Louis H. (Knoxville, TN)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Finite volume schemes for Boussinesq type equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite volume schemes are commonly used to construct approximate solutions to conservation laws. In this study we extend the framework of the finite volume methods to dispersive water wave models, in particular to Boussinesq type systems. We focus mainly on the application of the method to bidirectional nonlinear, dispersive wave propagation in one space dimension. Special emphasis is given to important nonlinear phenomena such as solitary waves interactions.

Dutykh, Denys; Mitsotakis, Dimitrios

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Obliquely Rotated Principal Components: An Improved Meteorological Map Typing Technique?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A detailed analysis of obliquely rotated principal components as a map typing technique was performed. This type of transformation does not constrain orthogonality of the vectors, allowing the components or map types the freedom to better reflect ...

Michael B. Richman

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Cell type specific gene expression : profiling and targeting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

al. Herpes simplex virus type 1 DNA amplified as bacterialUCSC). hNPPC (AAV)- c-type natriuretic peptide precursor,A. Architecture and cell types of the adult subventricular

Nathanson, Jason Lawrence

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Property:Buildings/PublicationType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Property:BuildingsPublicationType Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pages using the...

195

Bundle-type methods uniformly optimal for smooth and nonsmooth ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 7, 2010 ... present new bundle-type methods which possess the optimal rate of ... that uniformly optimal algorithms of this type have been presented in the ...

196

Category:Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Jump to: navigation, search This page contains all of the various types of technologies used in Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities for testing new...

197

Chapter 16 - Types of Contracts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 - Types of Contracts Chapter 16 - Types of Contracts 16.2 - Performance Evaluation and Measurement Plans for Cost-Reimbursement, Non-Management and Operating Contracts...

198

Assessment of the type of cycling infrastructure required to...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

type of cycling infrastructure required to attract new cyclists Jump to: navigation, search Name Assessment of the type of cycling infrastructure required to attract new cyclists...

199

Quasar Host Orientation and Polarization: Insights into the Type 1/Type 2 Dichotomy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate correlations between the optical linear polarization position angle and the orientation of the host galaxy/extended emission of Type 1 and Type 2 Radio-Loud (RL) and Radio-Quiet (RQ) quasars. We have used high resolution Hubble Space Telescope (HST) data and deconvolution process to obtain a good determination of the host galaxy orientation. With these new measurements and a compilation of data from the literature, we find a significant correlation between the polarization position angle and the position angle of the major axis of the host galaxy/extended emission. The correlation appears different for Type 1 and Type 2 objects and depends on the redshift of the source. Interpretations in the framework of the unification model are discussed.

B. Borguet; D. Hutsemékers; G. Letawe; Y. Letawe; P. Magain

2007-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

200

Can Early Type Galaxies Evolve from Fading the Disks of Late Types?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine whether early-type galaxies in clusters may have evolved from later types by the fading of their disks (e.g., as a result of ram-pressure stripping or strangulation) or by enhancement of the bulge luminosity (e.g., due to tidal interactions and mergers). For this purpose, we compare the bulge and disk luminosities of early- and late-type galaxies and of galaxies at different radial distances from the cluster center. We find that, in order for early-type galaxies, including S0s, to have evolved from late-type galaxies, their bulge luminosities must have been physically enhanced. Disk fading models cannot explain the differences observed. We then show that galaxy bulges are systematically brighter at small projected distances from the cluster center, while disk luminosities are uncorrelated with cluster-centric distance. Our results suggest that bulge enhancement, not disk fading, distinguishes early from late types and is thus at least partially responsible for the morphology-environment relation of bright cluster galaxies.

Daniel Christlein; Ann Zabludoff

2004-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Building Type | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Building Type Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Building Type Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Building Type October 7, 2013 - 10:51am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 Starting with the programs contributing the greatest proportion of building greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the agency should next determine which building types operated by those programs use the most energy (Figure 1). Energy intensity is evaluated instead of emissions in this approach because programs may not have access to emissions data by building type. Figure 1 - An image of an organizational-type chart. A rectangle labeled 'Program 1' has lines pointing to three other rectangles below it labeled 'Building Type 1,' 'Building Type 2,' and 'Building Type 3.' Next to the building types it says, 'Step 2. Estimate emissions by building type.

202

Systems of Hess-Appel'rot type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct higher-dimensional generalizations of the classical Hess-Appel'rot rigid body system. We give a Lax pair with a spectral parameter leading to an algebro-geometric integration of this new class of systems, which is closely related to the integration of the Lagrange bitop performed by us recently and uses Mumford relation for theta divisors of double unramified coverings. Based on the basic properties satisfied by such a class of systems related to bi-Poisson structure, quasi-homogeneity, and conditions on the Kowalevski exponents, we suggest an axiomatic approach leading to what we call the "class of systems of Hess-Appel'rot type".

Vladimir Dragovic; Borislav Gajic

2006-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

203

New approaches for modeling type Ia supernovae  

SciTech Connect

Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) are the largest thermonuclearexplosions in the Universe. Their light output can be seen across greatstances and has led to the discovery that the expansion rate of theUniverse is accelerating. Despite the significance of SNe Ia, there arestill a large number of uncertainties in current theoretical models.Computational modeling offers the promise to help answer the outstandingquestions. However, even with today's supercomputers, such calculationsare extremely challenging because of the wide range of length and timescales. In this paper, we discuss several new algorithms for simulationsof SNe Ia and demonstrate some of their successes.

Zingale, Michael; Almgren, Ann S.; Bell, John B.; Day, Marcus S.; Rendleman, Charles A.; Woosley, Stan

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

204

The Distant Type Ia Supernova Rate  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the rate of distant Type Ia supernovae derived using 4 large subsets of data from the Supernova Cosmology Project. Within this fiducial sample, which surveyed about 12 square degrees, thirty-eight supernovae were detected at redshifts 0.25--0.85. In a spatially flat cosmological model consistent with the results obtained by the Supernova Cosmology Project, we derive a rest-frame Type Ia supernova rate at a mean red shift z {approx_equal} 0.55 of 1.53 {sub -0.25}{sub -0.31}{sup 0.28}{sup 0.32} x 10{sup -4} h{sup 3} Mpc{sup -3} yr{sup -1} or 0.58{sub -0.09}{sub -0.09}{sup +0.10}{sup +0.10} h{sup 2} SNu(1 SNu = 1 supernova per century per 10{sup 10} L{sub B}sun), where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second includes systematic effects. The dependence of the rate on the assumed cosmological parameters is studied and the redshift dependence of the rate per unit comoving volume is contrasted with local estimates in the context of possible cosmic star formation histories and progenitor models.

Pain, R.; Fabbro, S.; Sullivan, M.; Ellis, R. S.; Aldering, G.; Astier, P.; Deustua, S. E.; Fruchter, A. S.; Goldhaber, G.; Goobar, A.; Groom, D. E.; Hardin, D.; Hook, I. M.; Howell, D. A.; Irwin, M. J.; Kim, A. G.; Kim, M. Y.; Knop, R. A.; Lee, J. C.; Perlmutter, S.; Ruiz-Lapuente, P.; Schahmaneche, K.; Schaefer, B.; Walton, N. A.

2002-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

205

Interplanetary shocks lacking type II radio bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the radio-emission characteristics of 222 interplanetary (IP) shocks. A surprisingly large fraction of the IP shocks (~34%) is radio quiet (i.e., the shocks lacked type II radio bursts). The CMEs associated with the RQ shocks are generally slow (average speed ~535 km/s) and only ~40% of the CMEs were halos. The corresponding numbers for CMEs associated with radio loud (RL) shocks are 1237 km/s and 72%, respectively. The RQ shocks are also accompanied by lower peak soft X-ray flux. CMEs associated with RQ (RL) shocks are generally accelerating (decelerating). The kinematics of CMEs associated with the km type II bursts is similar to those of RQ shocks, except that the former are slightly more energetic. Comparison of the shock The RQ shocks seem to be mostly subcritical and quasi-perpendicular. The radio-quietness is predominant in the rise phase and decreases through the maximum and declining phases of solar cycle 23. The solar sources of the shock-driving CMEs follow the sunspot butterfly diagra...

Gopalswamy, N; Makela, P; Akiyama, S; Yashiro, S; Kaiser, M L; Howard, R A; Bougeret, J -L

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Descent Relations in Type 0A/0B  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The type 0 theories have twice as many stable D-branes as the type II theories. In light of this added complication, we find the descent relations for D-branes in the type 0A and 0B theories. In addition, we work out how the two types of D-branes differ in their couplings to NS-NS fields.

David M. Thompson

2001-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

207

A static type system for JVM access control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a static type system for JAVA Virtual Machine (JVM) code that enforces an access control mechanism similar to the one found, for example, in a JAVA implementation. In addition to verifying type consistency of a given JVM code, the ... Keywords: JVM, access control, stack inspection, type inference, type system

Tomoyuki Higuchi; Atsushi Ohori

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Fermionic and Bosonic Stabilizing Effects for Type I and Type II Dimension Bubbles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider two types of "dimension bubbles", which are viewed as 4d nontopological solitons that emerge from a 5d theory with a compact extra dimension. The size of the extra dimension varies rapidly within the domain wall of the soliton. We consider the cases of type I (II) bubbles where the size of the extra dimension inside the bubble is much larger (smaller) than outside. Type I bubbles with thin domain walls can be stabilized by the entrapment of various particle modes whose masses become much smaller inside than outside the bubble. This is demonstrated here for the cases of scalar bosons, fermions, and massive vector bosons, including both Kaluza-Klein zero modes and Kaluza-Klein excitation modes. Type II bubbles expel massive particle modes but both types can be stabilized by photons. Plasma filled bubbles containing a variety of massless or nearly massless radiation modes may exist as long-lived metastable states. Furthermore, in contrast to the case with a "gravitational bag", the metric for a fluid-filled dimension bubble does not exhibit a naked singularity at the bubble's center.

J. R. Morris

2004-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

209

Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Dictionary.png Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Brophy Occurrence Models This classification scheme was developed by Brophy, as reported in Updating the Classification of Geothermal Resources.[1] Type A: Magma-heated, Dry Steam Resource Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Type C: Caldera Resource Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource Extensional-tectonic, fault-controlled resources typically result from a

210

Contractor: Contract Number: Contract Type: Total Estimated  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Number: Number: Contract Type: Total Estimated Contract Cost: Performance Period Total Fee Earned FY2008 $2,550,203 FY2009 $39,646,446 FY2010 $64,874,187 FY2011 $66,253,207 FY2012 $41,492,503 FY2013 $0 FY2014 FY2015 FY2016 FY2017 FY2018 Cumulative Fee Earned $214,816,546 Fee Available $2,550,203 Minimum Fee $77,931,569 $69,660,249 Savannah River Nuclear Solutions LLC $458,687,779 $0 Maximum Fee Fee Information $88,851,963 EM Contractor Fee Site: Savannah River Site Office, Aiken, SC Contract Name: Management & Operating Contract September 2013 DE-AC09-08SR22470

211

Visualizing Type Ia Supernova Explosions at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supernova Explosions Supernova Explosions Visualizing Type Ia Supernova Explosions Childs1a-Supernovasm.png Deep inside a dying star in a galaxy far, far away, a carbon fusion flame ignites. Ignition may happen in the middle or displaced slightly to one side, but this simulation explores the consequences of central ignition. In a localized hot spot, represented here by a deformed sphere with an average radius of 100 km, carbon is assumed to have already fused to iron, producing hot ash (~10 billion K) with a density about 20% less than its surroundings. As the burning progresses, this hot buoyant ash rises up and interacts with cold fuel. Rayleigh-Taylor fingers give rise to shear and turbulence, which interacts with the flame, causing it to move faster. In about 2 seconds, the energy released blows the entire white dwarf star up,

212

Type I Superconductivity in Neutron Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The magnetic structure of neutron vortices in the superfluid cores of neutron stars is determined assuming that the proton condensate forms a type I superconductor. It is shown that the entrainment currents induced by the neutron vortex circulation cause the proton superconductor to break into successive domains of normal and superconducting regions. The Gibbs free-energy is found in the case in which the normal domains form cylindrical tubes coaxial with the neutron vortex. The minimum of the energy functional corresponds to a tube radius $a\\sim 0.1-0.5 ~b$, where $b$ is the outer radius of the neutron vortex. The magnetic field within the tube is of the order of $ 5 \\times 10^{14}$ G.

D. M. Sedrakian; A. Sedrakian; G. F. Zharkov

1997-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

213

Internet Media Types and the Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

draft-masinter-mime-web-info-00 This document describes some of the ways in which parts of the MIME system, originally designed for electronic mail, have been used in the web, and some of the ways in which those uses have resulted in difficulties. This informational document is intended as background and justification for a companion Best Current Practice which makes some changes to the registry of Internet Media Types and other specifications and practices, in order to facilitate Web application design and standardization. Status of this Memo This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79. Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-Drafts is at

L. Masinter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Weak Viscoelastic Nematodynamics of Maxwell Type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A constitutive theory for weak viscoelastic nematodynamics of Maxwell type is developed using the standard local approach of non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Along with particular viscoelastic and nematic kinematics, the theory uses the weakly elastic potential proposed by de Gennes for nematic solids and the LEP constitutive equations for viscous nematic liquids, while ignoring the Frank (orientation) elasticity and inertia effects. In spite of many basic parameters, algebraic properties of nematic operations investigated in Appendix, allowed us to reveal a general group structure of the theory and present it in a simple form. It is shown that the evolution equation for director is also viscoelastic. An example of magnetization clarifies the situation with non-symmetric stresses. When the sources of stress asymmetry are absent, the theory is simplified and its relaxation properties are described by a symmetric subgroup of nematic algebraic operations. A purely linear constitutive behavior exemplifies the symmetric situation.

Arkady I. Leonov; Valery S. Volkov

2004-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

215

New type gas-injection plant readied  

SciTech Connect

A unique gas-injection plant is about to go on stream in Venezuela's Lake Maracaibo. The $10-million installation, designed for unattended operation, is a joint venture of Phillips Petroleum Co., as operator for itself, and Cia. Shell de Venezuela. The plant, housed on a 120 by 130-ft platform, will be the first in the world to use gas turbines to drive reciprocating compressors. The 130 MMscfd facility will use 2 General Electric 15,000-hp gas turbines with gear reducers to drive a pair of 4-stage Cooper- Bessemer LM-8 compressors. No previous attempt has ever been made to drive this type of unit by gas turbines. Phillips says the gas turbines were selected because of inherent flexibility reliability as prime movers, and lack of vibration--an important advantage in offshore gas plants.

Franco, A.

1967-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

216

Portable type solar heat cooker assembly  

SciTech Connect

A portable type solar heat cooker assembly including a cooking glass tube comprising an outer bottomed glass tube and an inner bottomed glass tube coated with a selective absorption film showing a high absorptivity in the solar radiation spectrum zone and a low absorptivity in the heat radiation spectrum zone. The inner tube is coaxially inserted into the outer tube and hermetically sealed together at their open ends, with a space therebetween being evacuated to vacuum. A case is provided to open on hinges and to receive the cooking glass tube at its central portion. A curved reflector is bisymmetrically provided on the case, which forms a reflex mirror for the solar rays when the case is opened. A tiltable stand attached to the outside of the case is provided to support the case in an inclined state.

Takeuchi, H.; Mikiya, T.

1984-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

217

A Germanium Back Contact Type Thermophotovoltaic Cell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Ge back contact type photovoltaic cell has been proposed to reduce resistance loss for high current densities in thermophotovoltaic systems. The back contact structure requires less surface recombination velocities than conventional structures with front grid contacts. A SiO2/SiNx double anti-reflection coating including a high refractive index SiNx layer was studied. The SiNx layer has an enough passivation effect to obtain high efficiency. The quantum efficiency of the Ge cell was around 0.8 in the 800-1600 nm wavelength range. The conversion efficiency for infrared lights was estimated at 18% for a blackbody surface and 25% for a selective emitter by using the quantum efficiency and a simulation analysis.

Nagashima, Tomonori; Okumura, Kenichi [Future Project Div., Toyota Motor Corporation, 1200 Mishuku, Susono, Shizuoka 410-1193 (Japan); Yamaguchi, Masafumi [Toyota Technological Institute, 2-12-1 Hisakata, Tempaku, Nagoya 468-8511 (Japan)

2007-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

218

Spectral diversity of Type Ia Supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use published spectroscopic and photometric data for 8 Type Ia supernovae to construct a dispersion spectrum for this class of object, showing their diversity over the wavelength range 3700A to 7100A. We find that the B and V bands are the spectral regions with the least dispersion, while the U band below 4100A is more diverse. Some spectral features such as the Si line at 6150A are also highly diverse. We then construct two objective measures of 'peculiarity' by (i) using the deviation of individual objects from the average SN Ia spectrum compared to the typical dispersion and (ii) applying principle component analysis. We demonstrate these methods on several SNe Ia that have previously been classified as peculiar.

J. Berian James; Tamara M. Davis; Brian P. Schmidt; Alex G. Kim

2006-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

219

RIEGER-TYPE PERIODICITY IN THE OCCURRENCE OF SOLAR TYPE III RADIO BURSTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Letter presents the first observations of a Rieger-type periodicity with the period of 156{sub -9}{sup +19} days in the occurrence rate of solar coronal type III radio bursts. The periodicity was detected during the time interval from 2000 June 22 to 2003 December 31. This interval partially contains the maximum and the declining phase of solar cycle 23. The radio spectra were provided by the Learmonth Solar Radio Observatory in Western Australia, part of the USAF Radio Solar Telescope Network.

Lobzin, V. V.; Cairns, Iver H.; Robinson, P. A. [School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Types of Utility Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts on AddThis.com... Energy Savings Performance Contracts ENABLE Utility Energy Service Contracts Types of Contracts Laws & Regulations

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Abu Dhabi Supreme Petroleum Council | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Abu Dhabi Supreme Petroleum Council Abu Dhabi Supreme Petroleum Council Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Supreme Petroleum Council Country United Arab Emirates Name Supreme Petroleum Council City Abu Dhabi Website http://www.abudhabi.ae/egovPoo Coordinates 24.4615061518°, 54.3242812157° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.4615061518,"lon":54.3242812157,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

222

Property:NrelPartnerType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NrelPartnerType NrelPartnerType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name NrelPartnerType Property Type String Description Partnership Type. Pages using the property "NrelPartnerType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1366 Technologies + Incubator + 3 3M + CRADA + A A.O. Smith + Test & Evaluation Partner + A123Systems + CRADA + AAON + Test & Evaluation Partner + AQUA Products + Test & Evaluation Partner + AVL Powertrain Engineering + Licensing Agreement + AWS Truewind + Test & Evaluation Partner + Abengoa Solar + CRADA + Abound Solar + Other Relationship + Advanced Energy Products + Test & Evaluation Partner + Affiliated International Management (AIM) + Test & Evaluation Partner + Affordable Comfort + Test & Evaluation Partner +

223

EPICS Version 4 - Implementing Complex Data Types  

SciTech Connect

Through phase 1 and phase 2 SBIR grants, s fully functional I/O Controller and communication protocol for version 4 of EPICS is completed. This new software architecture provides a flexible and extendible architecture. Version 4 is implemented fully in Java. The performance metrics look promising. The final portion of phase 2 is to optimize the communication mechanisms. Subsequent work on different aspects of this are required to provide a viable solutions in various areas. Version 3 of EPICS is able to provide a platform for implementing channel based control, because the channel and attributes for time stamping, alarm, display and control were narrow, well defined, and complete. To extend EPICS functionality beyond this, it is necessary to define attributes needed for archive data, array, image data, and directory services. The proper handling of several array types enables the development of middle layer servers such as orbit and bump control in accelerators. Phase 1 should produce a well defined, reviewed, and agreed upon definition of the metadata required for these services. A Phase 2 grant would provide tools that implemented archiving, general array, imaging, and directory applications.

Marty Kraimer,; John dalesio

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

224

The progenitors of subluminous type Ia supernovae  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We find that spectroscopically peculiar subluminous SNe Ia come from an old population. Of the thirteen subluminous SNe Ia known, nine are found in E/S0 galaxies, and the remainder are found in early-type spirals. The probability that this is a chance occurrence is only 0.1%. The finding that subluminous SNe Ia are associated with an older stellar population indicates that for a sufficiently large lookback time (already accessible in current high redshift searches) they will not be found. Due to a scarcity in old populations, hydrogen and helium main sequence stars and He red giant stars that undergo Roche lobe overflow are unlikely to be the progenitors of subluminous SNe Ia. Earlier findings that overluminous SNe Ia (DELTA m{sub 15} (B) < 0.94) come from a young progenitor population are confirmed. The fact that subluminous SNe Ia and overluminous SNe Ia come from different progenitor populations and also have different properties is a prediction of the CO white dwarf merger progenitor scenario.

Howell, D. Andrew

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Dictionary.png Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Brophy Occurrence Models This classification scheme was developed by Brophy, as reported in Updating the Classification of Geothermal Resources.[1] Type A: Magma-heated, Dry Steam Resource Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Type C: Caldera Resource Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource

226

Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource Dictionary.png Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Brophy Occurrence Models This classification scheme was developed by Brophy, as reported in Updating the Classification of Geothermal Resources.[1] Type A: Magma-heated, Dry Steam Resource Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Type C: Caldera Resource Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource

227

Form:CBECS Building Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CBECS Building Type Jump to: navigation, search This is the 'CBECS Building Type' form. To add a page with this form, enter the page name below; if a page with that name already...

228

Mo Type Phase in Long-Term Aged INCONEL Alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FORMATION OF A PtzMo TYPE PHASE IN LONG-TERM AGED lNCONEL@ ALLOY 686. Michael G. ... formation of a low-temperature iutermetallic Pt*Mo type .

229

Chromosome- and Chromatid-type Aberrations after Irradiation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chromosome- and Chromatid-type Aberrations after Irradiation of Various HRR or NHEJ Deficient Mutant Chinese Hamster Cells and Their Wild-type Counterparts in G0G1 or LateSG2...

230

Recharge Oscillator Mechanisms in Two Types of ENSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

El Niño and the Southern Oscillation (ENSO) tend to behave arguably as two different “types” or “flavors” in recent decades. One is the canonical cold-tongue (CT) -type ENSO with major sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTA) positioned over the ...

Hong-Li Ren; Fei-Fei Jin

231

Propane/Propylene Total Stocks Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Jan-13 Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 View History; U ...

232

Naphtha for Petrochemical Feedstock Use Total Stocks Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Jan-13 Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 View History; U ...

233

Propane/Propylene Natural Gas Processing Plant Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Jan-13 Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 View History; U ...

234

Residual Fuel Oil Bulk Terminal Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Jan-13 Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 View History; U ...

235

Asphalt and Road Oil Total Stocks Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 View History; U ...

236

Recharge Oscillator Mechanisms in Two Types of ENSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) tends to behave arguably as two different “types” or “flavors” in recent decades. One is the canonical cold-tongue-type ENSO with major sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTA) positioned over the eastern ...

Hong-Li Ren; Fei-Fei Jin

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Total Stocks Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History; U.S. 1,665,345 ...

238

Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Ni-NaCl  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nominal System Voltage: 371 V Rated Capacity (C3): 150 Ah Cooling Method: Electric fan Powertrain Motor Type: DC Brushless Number of Motors: One Motor Cooling Type: Oil to...

239

Molecular Thermodynamic Modeling of Droplet-Type Microemulsions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Thermodynamic Modeling of Droplet-Type Microemulsions Livia A. Moreira and Abbas a molecular thermodynamic theory for droplet-type microemulsions, both water-in-oil and oil

Firoozabadi, Abbas

240

Short-Range Ensemble Forecasts of Precipitation Type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Short-range ensemble forecasting is extended to a critical winter weather problem: forecasting precipitation type. Forecast soundings from the operational NCEP Short-Range Ensemble Forecast system are combined with five precipitation-type ...

Matthew S. Wandishin; Michael E. Baldwin; Steven L. Mullen; John V. Cortinas Jr.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Template:Incentive Type Page Query | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incentive Type Page Query Jump to: navigation, search This is the 'Incentive Type Page Query' template. If limitrec is not included, default is 1000. limitrec is only for the...

242

An Improved Operational System for Forecasting Precipitation Type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Model Output Statistics system for forecasting the conditional probability of precipitation type (PoPT) became operational within the National Weather Service in September 1978. Forecasts are provided for three precipitation type categories: ...

Joseph R. Bocchieri; George J. Maglaras

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Visualizing Buoyant Burning Bubbles in Type Ia Supernovae at...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Burning in Supernovae Buoyant Burning Bubbles in Type Ia Supernovae bubble-s.jpeg Flame ignition in type Ia supernovae leads to isolated bubbles of burning buoyant fluid. As a...

244

Washington Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail Outlets: ...

245

North Carolina Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Area: ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail ...

246

LITTLEWOOD TYPE PROBLEMS ON SUB ARCS Peter ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LITTLEWOOD TYPE. PROBLEMS ON SUB ARCS. Peter Borwein. Simon Fraser University Centre for. Constructive and Experimental. Mathematics.

247

Mehrotra-Type Predictor-Corrector Algorithms Revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 5, 2007 ... Mehrotra-Type Algorithm, Polynomial Complexity. ?Corresponding author, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, The University of ...

248

Pitting Corrosion Resistance of Type 2507 Duplex Stainless Steel in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Alloy Development for Measurement While Drilling Tools ... Resistance of Type 2507 Duplex Stainless Steel in Synthetic Seawater and Hydraulic Fluids.

249

Structural Design for the Development of the Floating Type ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finally, we designed and developed floating type photovoltaic generation system using the ... Polymer Electrolyte Membrane for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell.

250

Polymorphic CSP Type Checking Ping Gao and Robert Esser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polymorphic CSP Type Checking Ping Gao and Robert Esser Concurrent and Real­time Systems Laboratory@cs.adelaide.edu.au Abstract Communicating Sequential Processes (CSP) is a lan­ guage used to describe and reason about between a conventional functional lan­ guage type checker and a type checker for the CSP language

Esser, Robert

251

Nonlinear quantization on Hebbian-type associative memories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hebbian-type associative memory is characterized by its simple architecture. However, the hardware implementation of Hebbian-type associative memories is normally complicated when there are a huge number of patterns stored. To simplify the interconnection ... Keywords: Hebbian-type associative memory, Interconnection, Neuron, Nonlinear quantization, Probability of direct convergence

Chishyan Liaw; Ching-Tsorng Tsai; Chao-Hui Ko

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Dynamic heap type inference for program understanding and debugging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

C programs can be difficult to debug due to lax type enforcement and low-level access to memory. We present a dynamic analysis for C that checks heap snapshots for consistency with program types. Our approach builds on ideas from physical subtyping and ... Keywords: conservative garbage collection, constraints, debugging tools, dynamic type inference, heap visualization, physical subtyping

Marina Polishchuk; Ben Liblit; Chloë W. Schulze

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Graphical and incremental type inference: a graph transformation approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a graph grammar based type inference system for a totally graphic development language. NiMo (Nets in Motion) can be seen as a graphic equivalent to Haskell that acts as an on-line tracer and debugger. Programs are process networks that evolve ... Keywords: graphical language, process networks, type inference, type visualization

Silvia Clerici; Cristina Zoltan; Guillermo Prestigiacomo

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

DISTRIBUTED FLAMES IN TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At a density near a few x10{sup 7} g cm{sup -3}, the subsonic burning in a Type Ia supernova (SN) enters the distributed regime (high Karlovitz number). In this regime, turbulence disrupts the internal structure of the flame, and so the idea of laminar burning propagated by conduction is no longer valid. The nature of the burning in this distributed regime depends on the turbulent Damkoehler number (Da{sub T}), which steadily declines from much greater than one to less than one as the density decreases to a few x10{sup 6} g cm{sup -3}. Classical scaling arguments predict that the turbulent flame speed s{sub T} , normalized by the turbulent intensity u-check, follows s{sub T}/u-check = Da{sub T}{sup 1/2} for Da{sub T} {approx}burns as a turbulently broadened effective unity Lewis number flame. This flame burns locally with speed s{sub l}ambda and width l{sub l}ambda, and we refer to this kind of flame as a lambda-flame. The burning becomes a collection of lambda-flames spread over a region approximately the size of the {integral} scale. While the total burning rate continues to have a well-defined average, s{sub T}{approx}u-check, the burning is unsteady. We present a theoretical framework, supported by both one-dimensional and three-dimensional numerical simulations, for the burning in these two regimes. Our results indicate that the average value of s{sub T} can actually be roughly twice u-check for Da{sub T} {approx}> 1, and that localized excursions to as much as 5 times u-check can occur. We also explore the properties of the individual flames, which could be sites for a transition to detonation when Da{sub T} {approx} 1. The lambda-flame speed and width can be predicted based on the turbulence in the star (specifically the energy dissipation rate epsilon*) and the turbulent nuclear burning timescale of the fuel tau {sup T}{sub nuc}. We propose a practical method for measuring s{sub l}ambda and l{sub l}ambda based on the scaling relations and small-scale computationally inexpensive simulations. This suggests that a simple turbulent flame model can be easily constructed suitable for large-scale distributed SNe flames. These results will be useful both for characterizing the deflagration speed in larger full-star simulations, where the flame cannot be resolved, and for predicting when detonation occurs.

Aspden, A. J.; Bell, J. B. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, MS 50A-1148, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Woosley, S. E. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

2010-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

255

Generation of GHZ-type and \\emph{W}-type entangled coherent states of three-cavity fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present experimental schemes to prepare the three-cavity GHZ-type and \\emph{W}-type entangled coherent states in the context of dispersive cavity quantum electrodynamics. The schemes can be easily generalized to prepare the GHZ-type and \\emph{W}-type entangled coherent states of $n$-cavity fields. The discussion of our schemes indicates that it can be realized by current technologies.

Chun-Hua Yuan; Yong-Cheng Ou; Zhi-Ming Zhang

2005-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

256

Growth of p-type and n-type m-plane GaN by molecular beam epitaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cm ?3 corresponding to p-type ?lm conductivi- ties as highOF APPLIED PHYSICS 100, 063707 ?2006? Growth of p-type andn-type m-plane GaN by molecular beam epitaxy M. McLaurin, a?

McLaurin, M; Mates, T E; Wu, F; Speck, J S

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Property:EnvironmentalAnalysisType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EnvironmentalAnalysisType EnvironmentalAnalysisType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name environmentalAnalysisType Property Type Page Description Type of environmental analysis conducted to meet NEPA requirements (eg Categorical Exclusion, Environmental Assessment) Allows Values CU;DNA;CX;EA;EIS This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "EnvironmentalAnalysisType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) B BLM-NV-WN-ES-08-01-1310, NV-020-08-01 + EA + C CA-017-05-051 + EA + CA-067-2006-12 + EA + CA-170-02-15 + EA + CA-650-2005-086 + EA + CA-670-2010-107 + CX + CA-670-2010-CX + CX + CA-96062042 + EIS + D DOE-EA-1116 + EA + DOE-EA-1621 + EA + DOE-EA-1676 + EA + DOE-EA-1733 + EA + DOE-EA-1759 + EA + DOE-EA-1849 + EA + DOE-EA-1961 + EA +

258

Property:Incentive/PolicyType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PolicyType PolicyType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Incentive/Policy Type Property Type String Description Policy Type for EZ Feed policy types. Used in place of putting it into Category Financial Incentive Programs or Rules Regulations Policies Incentive Programs Pages using the property "Incentive/PolicyType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 401 Certification (Vermont) + Other Policy + A Abatement of Air Pollution: Air Pollution Control Equipment and Monitoring Equipment Operation (Connecticut) + Other Policy + Abatement of Air Pollution: Connecticut Primary and Secondary Standards (Connecticut) + Other Policy + Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide Emissions/Carbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program (Connecticut) + Other Policy +

259

DOI-BLM-NV-W010-2010-0041-CX | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

W010-2010-0041-CX W010-2010-0041-CX CX at Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type CX Applicant Stephen D. Muir Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Project Location Nevada Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Seismic Techniques Time Frame (days) Application Time 115 Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office Winnemucca Managing Field Office Humboldt River Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager BLM Mineral Manager BLM Selected Dates Application Date 4/2/2010 Application Document Type POO Decision Document Date 7/26/2010 Relevant Numbers Lead Agency Doc Number DOI-BLM-NV-W010-2010-0041-CX

260

Property:EnergyServicesType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EnergyServicesType EnergyServicesType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name EnergyServicesType Property Type String Description Type of energy services provided. Allows Values Lighting;Cooking and water heating;Space heating;Cooling;Information and communications;Earning a living Pages using the property "EnergyServicesType" Showing 8 pages using this property. B Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project + Lighting +, Cooking and water heating +, Space heating +, ... E Ethiopia Energy Access Project + Lighting +, Cooking and water heating +, Information and communications + G Ghana Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) + Lighting +, Cooking and water heating +, Information and communications + M Mongolia Renewable Energy and Rural Electricity Access Project + Lighting +, Cooking and water heating +, Space heating +, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6: February 9, 6: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type Differences on Vehicle Miles Traveled to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type Differences on Vehicle Miles Traveled on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type Differences on Vehicle Miles Traveled on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type Differences on Vehicle Miles Traveled on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type Differences on Vehicle Miles Traveled on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306: February 9, 2004 Vehicle Type Differences on Vehicle Miles Traveled on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #306:

262

Operations and Maintenance for Major Equipment Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for Major Equipment Types for Major Equipment Types Operations and Maintenance for Major Equipment Types October 7, 2013 - 9:53am Addthis Equipment lies at the heart of all operations and maintenance (O&M) activities. This equipment varies greatly across the Federal sector in age, size, type, model, condition, etc. No single resource covers all equipment in use by Federal agencies, and listing major equipment types is beyond the scope of this website. Instead, the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) outlines major equipment types within chapter 9 of the Federal Energy Management Programs's (FEMP) O&M Best Practices Guide. The FEMP O&M Best Practices Guide focuses on: Boilers Steam traps Chillers Cooling towers Energy management and building automation systems Air handling systems

263

n-Type diamond and method for producing same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new n-type semiconducting diamond is disclosed, which is doped with n-type dopant atoms. Such diamond is advantageously formed by chemical vapor deposition from a source gas mixture comprising a carbon source compound for the diamond, and a volatile hot wire filament for the n-type impurity species, so that the n-type impurity atoms are doped in the diamond during its formation. A corresponding chemical vapor deposition method of forming the n-type semiconducting diamond is disclosed. The n-type semiconducting diamond of the invention may be usefully employed in the formation of diamond-based transistor devices comprising pn diamond junctions, and in other microelectronic device applications.

Anderson, Richard J. (Oakland, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Property:BLM CaseType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CaseType CaseType Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Property Name BLM CaseType Property Type Page This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "BLM CaseType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AZA-009168 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009169 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009170 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009171 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009172 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009173 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009174 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009175 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009176 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009177 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009178 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009179 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 + AZA-009180 + GEO LSE NONCOMP PRE 2005 +

265

Renewal processes of Mittag-Leffler and Wright type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After sketching the basic principles of renewal theory we discuss the classical Poisson process and offer two other processes, namely the renewal process of Mittag-Leffler type and the renewal process of Wright type, so named by us because special functions of Mittag-Leffler and of Wright type appear in the definition of the relevant waiting times. We compare these three processes with each other, furthermore consider corresponding renewal processes with reward and numerically their long-time behaviour.

Francesco Mainardi; Rudolf Gorenflo; Alessandro Vivoli

2007-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

266

A SHARP BERNSTEIN-TYPE INEQUALITY FOR ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A SHARP BERNSTEIN-TYPE. INEQUALITY FOR. EXPONENTIAL SUMS. Peter Borwein and Tam. as Erd elyi. Simon Fraser University. Typeset by AMS-TEX ...

267

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

268

Table 28. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly January 2012 56 Table 28. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State

269

Table 31. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly February 2012 76 Table 31. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State

270

Category:Lists for Incentive Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lists for Incentive Types Lists for Incentive Types Jump to: navigation, search Category with Lists for Incentive Types. Pages in category "Lists for Incentive Types" The following 64 pages are in this category, out of 64 total. A Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards B Bond Programs Building Energy Code Building Energy Codes C Corporate Deduction Corporate Depreciation Corporate Exemption Corporate Tax Credit Corporate Tax Incentives E Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Energy Standards for Public Buildings Equipment Certification Equipment Certification Requirements F Federal Grant Program Federal Loan Program G Generation Disclosure Grant Programs Green Building Incentive Green Building Incentives Green Power Purchasing I Industry Recruitment/Support Interconnection I cont. Interconnection Standards

271

TABLE 1. Nuclear Reactor, State, Type, Net Capacity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Nuclear Reactor, State, Type, Net Capacity, ... Quad Cities Generating Station River Bend San Onofre Seabrook Sequoyah South Texas Project St Lucie ...

272

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States b (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes)...

273

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States b (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes)...

274

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States b (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes)...

275

The relationship between retail type and transportation emissions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study investigates the relationship between three types of retail, Big Box, traditional and online retail, and their transportation related emissions. The study takes a… (more)

Vigder, Samantha

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Massachusetts Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Area: ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail Outlets: ...

277

Site: Contract Name: Contractor: Contract Number: Contract Type...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Contract Name: Contractor: Contract Number: Contract Type: Total Estimated Contract Cost: Contract Period: Minimum Fee Maximum Fee Performance Period Fee Available Total Fee Paid...

278

High Resolution Structure of the Neisseria gonorrhoeae Type IV...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of the Neisseria gonorrhoeae Type IV Pilus: A Membrane-bound Fibrous Assembly Membrane proteins are notoriously difficult to crystallize, and fiber-forming proteins were...

279

A CH-type Inequality For Real Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive an efficient CH-type inequality. Quantum mechanics violates our proposed inequality independent of the detection-efficiency problem.

Afshin Shafiee

2004-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

280

Ramanujan's type series are recorded with in - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ramanujan Type Series. Ramanujan's remarkable series for include. This series adds roughly eight digits per term. Gosper in 1985 computed 17 million terms ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Optimization Online - Some Disadvantages of a Mehrotra-Type ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 17, 2005 ... Some Disadvantages of a Mehrotra-Type Primal-Dual Corrector Interior Point Algorithm for Linear Programming. Coralia Cartis (ccartis ***at*** ...

282

Optimization Online - Asymptotic equivalence and Kobayashi-type ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 13, 2008 ... Asymptotic equivalence and Kobayashi-type estimates for nonautonomous monotone operators in Banach spaces. F Alvarez (falvarez ***at*** ...

283

Mehrotra-type predictor-corrector algorithms revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 5, 2007 ... Mehrotra-type predictor-corrector algorithms revisited. Maziar Salahi(salahim *** at*** guilan.ac.ir) Tamas Terlaky(terlaky ***at*** mcmaster.ca).

284

ENERGY STAR score details by property type | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

property type Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy...

285

Idaho Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Retail Sales by Refiners ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Idaho Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Refiner Sales Volumes; Idaho Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, ...

286

List of Portfolio Manager property types, definitions, and use...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

types, definitions, and use details Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new...

287

DOE specification: Flooded-type lead-acid storage batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document contains a ``fill-in-the-blanks`` guide specification for procurement of flooded-type lead-acid storage batteries, for uninterruptible power supply applications.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Complete genome sequence of Acidimicrobium ferrooxidans type strain (ICPT)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with type strain genome sequencing projects registered inResearch, Braunschweig) Genome sequencing and annotationthe complete Table 2. Genome sequencing project information

Clum, Alicia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Table 34. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly January 2012 88 Table 34. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type and PAD ...

290

Characterization of nitrogen compound types in hydrotreated Paraho shale oil  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Results from the separation and characterization of nitrogen compound types in hydrotreated Paraho shale oil samples were obtained. Two samples of Paraho shale oil were hydrotreated by Chevron Research Company such that one sample contained about 0.05 wt. percent nitrogen and the other sample contained about 0.10 wt. percent nitrogen. A separation method concentrate specific nitrogen compound types was developed. Characterization of the nitrogen types was accomplished by infrared spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, potentiometric titration, and elemental analysis. The distribution of nitrogen compound types in both samples and in the Paraho crude shale oil is compared.

Holmes, S.A.; Latham, D.R.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Candidate Biomarkers for Type 1 Diabetes - PNNL: Available ...  

Summary. Researchers at PNNL have discovered a new method for potentially predicting the onset of type 1 diabetes with more consistency. Until now, ...

292

NASICON-Type Electrolytes for Low Temperature Sodium Battery ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, NASICON-Type Electrolytes for Low Temperature Sodium Battery Applications. Author(s), Hui Zhang, Xingbo Liu. On-Site Speaker ( Planned) ...

293

What is the efficiency of different types of power plants ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average annual heat rates for specific types of fossil-fuel generators and nuclear power plants for most recent year available.

294

Figure 77. Electricity generation capacity additions by fuel type ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 77. Electricity generation capacity additions by fuel type, including combined heat and power, 2012-2040 (gigawatts) Coal

295

Figure 6. Type of Homes by Insulation, 2001  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home >>Residential Home Page>>Insulation > Figure 6. Type of Homes by Insulation, 2001. To Top. Contacts: Specific questions may be directed to:

296

Turbulence-Flame Interactions in Type Ia Supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Turbulence-Flame Interactions in Type Ia Supernovae A. J.Normalised time (e) Normalised flame speed Normalised time (length scale (cm) Laminar flame width Gibson scale Cell

Aspden, Andrew J; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, MS 50A-1148, Berkeley, CA 94720 (Authors 1, 2 & 3); Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (Author 4); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (Author 5)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

TYPE OF OPERATION R Research & Development T& Facility Type  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

--____ --____ R Research & Development T& Facility Type 0 Production scale testing a Pilat scale Y-. Bench Scale Process i Theoretical Studies Sample & Analysis 0 Productian 0 Disposal/Storage a Research Organization a Government 0 Other Sponsored i F[fa' tty ------__------__ I Prime 5 Subcontractor 0 Purchase Order a Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit p CgNTRACTING PERIOD: L.&G , PX& & cx LFkoL ~~~~~~~~~----------_ __ _______ OWNERSH; P: AEC/MED AEC/MED GOVT GOVT CONTRACTOR Cot+ "ACTOR OWNED LEASED ----- -----_ w!ET) C_EtlSLE ~~s!_NE!?~~ z L ACZD -------- - LANDS a BUILDINGS 0 EQUIPMENT u ORE OR RAW MATL FINAL PRODUCT f i ; : ' 0 WASTE .% RESIDLIE q 0 G G &EC/NED INVOLVEtiE?4T AT SITE .--------_------___~~~~~~~-- ,I

298

The first known type (7,1) amicable pair  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Amicable pairs of type (i, 1) have been the object of special search partly because they breed other amicable pairs. Examples exist for i = 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. In this paper we exhibit the first known type (7, 1) pair. Keywords: amicable pairs

Mariano Garcia

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Heterotic type IIA duality with fluxes - towards the complete story  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we study the heterotic type IIA duality when fluxes are turned on. We show that many of the known fluxes are dual to each other and claim that certain fluxes on the heterotic side require that the type IIA picture is lifted to M or even F-theory compactifications with geometric fluxes.

Andrei Micu

2010-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

300

On Type IIA geometries dual to N = 2 SCFTs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide explicit solutions of Type IIA supergravity which are believed to be dual to N = 2 superconformal four dimensional gauge theories. These explicit solutions are based on the general ansatz for such a type of backgrounds introduced by Gaiotto and Maldacena.

R. A. Reid-Edwards; B. Stefanski jr

2010-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Annotation-less Unit Type Inference for C  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Types in programming languages are crucial for catching errors at compile-time. Similarly, in scientific applications, the units system forms a type discipline because a correct equation must necessarily include terms with units that are equivalent on both sides. Many scientific and numerically-oriented programs are written in C, but the language provides no support for attaching units to variables. Thus, programmers

Philip Guo; Stephen Mccamant

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Encapsulating Objects with Confined Types Christian Grothoff1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or protected) is of a confined type. This applies to all non-confined types in the package. Rule C4 prevents the result of the single package structure of the program. Predictably, programs with very few package-scoped to protect their members, but are exported outside of the package. Summary Even though confinement violations

Palsberg, Jens

303

Short Circuit Current Contribution for Different Wind Turbine Generator Types  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An important aspect of wind power plant (WPP) impact studies is to evaluate the short circuit (SC) current contribution of the plant into the transmission network under different fault conditions. This task can be challenging to protection engineers due to the topology differences between different types of wind turbine generators (WTGs) and the conventional generating units. This paper represents simulation results for short circuit current contribution for different types of WTGs obtained through transient analysis using generic WTG models. The obtained waveforms are analyzed to explain the behavior, such as peak values and rate of decay, of the WTG. The effect of fault types and location, and the effect of the control algorithms of power converters on SC current contribution are investigated. It is shown that the response of the WPP to faults will vary based on the type of the installed WTGs. While in Type 1 and Type 2 WTGs, short circuit current will be determined by the physical characteristics of the induction generator, the contribu-tion of Type 3 and Type 4 WTG will be mostly characterized by the power converters control algorithms which are usually considered proprietary information by the wind turbine manufacturers.

Muljadi, E.; Samaan, Nader A.; Gevorgian, Vahan; Li, Jun; Pasupulati, Subbaiah

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

304

Integration of a security type system into a program logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Type systems and program logics are often conceived to be at opposing ends of the spectrum of formal software analyses. In this paper we show that a flow-sensitive type system ensuring non-interference in a simple while language can be expressed through ...

Reiner Hähnle; Jing Pan; Philipp Rümmer; Dennis Walter

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Twin boundary cavitation in aged type 304 stainless steel  

SciTech Connect

A transition from grain to twin boundary cavitation was observed in aged- and-creep-tested type 304 stainless steel. Evidence of twin boundary cavitation has also been observed for unaged material under certain test conditions. This same behavior was also found in aged type 316 stainless steel. Several possible reasons have been suggested for the absence of frequently observed grain boundary cavitation. (auth)

Sikka, V.K.; Swindeman, R.W.; Brinkman, C.R.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Synoptic Weather Types for the Ross Sea Region, Antarctica  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synoptic classifications over the Southern Ocean in the Ross Sea region of Antarctica (50°S–Antarctic coast, 150°E–90°W) have been derived from NCEP reanalysis data (1979–2011), producing a set of six synoptic types for the region. These types ...

Lana Cohen; Sam Dean; James Renwick

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Typed Common Intermediate Format Dept. of Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FLINT, to model the semantics and interactions of vari­ ous language­specific features. FLINT is based of primitive types and functions. FLINT provides a common compiler infrastructure that can be quickly adapted system, FLINT serves as a great platform for reasoning about cross­ language interoperations. FLINT types

308

Burning Thermals in Type Ia Supernovae A. J. Aspden1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Burning Thermals in Type Ia Supernovae A. J. Aspden1 , J. B. Bell1 , S. Dong2 , and S. E. Woosley2 ABSTRACT We develop a one-dimensional theoretical model for thermals burning in Type Ia supernovae based for the burning and for the expansion of the thermal due to changes in the background stratification found

Bell, John B.

309

Uncertainty measures for general Type-2 fuzzy sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Five uncertainty measures have previously been defined for interval Type-2 fuzzy sets (IT2 FSs), namely centroid, cardinality, fuzziness, variance and skewness. Based on a recently developed @a-plane representation for a general T2 FS, this paper generalizes ... Keywords: ?-Plane representation, Cardinality, Centroid, Fuzziness, Skewness, Type-2 fuzzy sets, Uncertainty measures, Variance

Daoyuan Zhai; Jerry M. Mendel

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Property:Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Property Type Page Pages using the property "Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1.5-ft Wave Flume Facility + Flume + 10-ft Wave Flume Facility + Flume + 11-ft Wave Flume Facility + Flume + 2 2-ft Flume Facility + Flume + 3 3-ft Wave Flume Facility + Flume + 5 5-ft Wave Flume Facility + Flume + 6 6-ft Wave Flume Facility + Flume + A Alden Large Flume + Flume + Alden Small Flume + Flume + Alden Tow Tank + Tow Tank + Alden Wave Basin + Wave Basin + B Breakwater Research Facility + Wave Basin + Bucknell Hydraulic Flume + Flume + C Carderock 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + Tunnel +

311

Rules and Regulations Governing Geophysical, Seismic or Other Type  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rules and Regulations Governing Geophysical, Seismic or Other Type Rules and Regulations Governing Geophysical, Seismic or Other Type Exploration on State-Owned Lands Other Than State-Owned Marine Waters (Mississippi) Rules and Regulations Governing Geophysical, Seismic or Other Type Exploration on State-Owned Lands Other Than State-Owned Marine Waters (Mississippi) < Back Eligibility Commercial Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Program Info State Mississippi Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Mississippi Development Authority The Rules and Regulations Governing Geophysical, seismic or Other Type Exploration on State-Owned Lands Other than State-Owned Marine Waters is applicable to the Natural Gas Sector and the Coal with CCS Sector. This law

312

Category:Rules, Regulations & Policies Incentive Types | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rules, Regulations & Policies Incentive Types Rules, Regulations & Policies Incentive Types Jump to: navigation, search Rules, Regulations and Policies Types. Pages in category "Rules, Regulations & Policies Incentive Types" The following 15 pages are in this category, out of 15 total. A Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards B Building Energy Codes E Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Energy Standards for Public Buildings Equipment Certification Requirements G Green Power Purchasing I Interconnection Standards L Line Extension Analysis M Mandatory Utility Green Power Option N Net Metering P Public Benefit Funds R Renewables Portfolio Standards S Solar and Wind Permitting Standards Solar/Wind Access Policy Solar/Wind Contractor Licensing Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Rules,_Regulations_%26_Policies_Incentive_Types&oldid=390305

313

IDENTIFYING FRACTURES AND FLUID TYPES USING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IDENTIFYING FRACTURES AND FLUID TYPES USING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY IDENTIFYING FRACTURES AND FLUID TYPES USING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: IDENTIFYING FRACTURES AND FLUID TYPES USING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Fluid Inclusion Stratigraphy (FIS) is a method currently being developed for use in geothermal systems to identify fractures and fluid types. This paper is the third in a series of papers on the development of FIS. Fluid inclusion gas chemistry is analyzed and plotted on well log diagrams. The working hypothesis is that select gaseous species and species ratios indicate areas of groundwater and reservoir fluid flow and reservoir seals. Previously we showed that FIS analyses identify fluid types and

314

By Type of STI | Scientific and Technical Information Program  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Type of STI Type of STI Print page Print page Email page Email page STI Types are provided to OSTI using various announcement options and transmission methods. Some STI types are always required to be submitted or made available via a unique URL, while other STI types may only be announced to OSTI (commercially published and copyrighted). In cases where an announcement notice is acceptable, information regarding the STI Product's availability is required. DOE Programs should have an established format for providing STI to OSTI. If an established process does not exist, please email or telephone Kim Buckner at bucknerk@osti.gov or (865) 576-1228. Major Site/Facility Management Contractors have an established formal procedure for providing STI to OSTI. For more information, contact your

315

Property:Description of Camera Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Camera Types Camera Types Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Description of Camera Types Property Type Text Pages using the property "Description of Camera Types" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Alden Large Flume + fully-submersible; multiplexor for four cameras; digital recording from all cameras; digital handheld Alden Small Flume + fully-submersible; multiplexor for four cameras; digital recording from all cameras; digital handheld Alden Tow Tank + Fully-submersible; multiplexor for four cameras; digital recording from all cameras; digital handheld Alden Wave Basin + Fully-submersible; multiplexor for four cameras; digital recording from all cameras; digital handheld C Conte Large Flume + Conventional underwater video, 4; high speed (1000 fps), 1

316

On reactor type comparisons for the next generation of reactors  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we present a broad comparison of studies for a selected set of parameters for different nuclear reactor types including the next generation. This serves as an overview of key parameters which provide a semi-quantitative decision basis for selecting nuclear strategies. Out of a number of advanced reactor designs of the LWR type, gas cooled type, and FBR type, currently on the drawing board, the Advanced Light Water Reactors (ALWR) seem to have some edge over other types of the next generation of reactors for the near-term application. This is based on a number of attributes related to the benefit of the vast operating experience with LWRs coupled with an estimated low risk profile, economics of scale, degree of utilization of passive systems, simplification in the plant design and layout, modular fabrication and manufacturing. 32 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

Alesso, H.P.; Majumdar, K.C.

1991-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

317

Specializing Type-Indexed Values by Partial Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Generic Haskell programming language allows functions to be defined by induction on the structure of data types. This gives rise to generic functions which can be applied to values of any conceivable data type. Compiling a Generic Haskell program amounts to generating a Haskell program in which all generic functions have been translated to ordinary Haskell functions. Since the Haskell language only allows functions to be defined on the values of a data type, translating generic functions defined on the structure of data types is not straightforward. The application of a generic function to a value involves specializing the function to the type of its parameter. For every distinct specialization of a generic function in a Generic Haskell program, an ordinary Haskell function is generated in the compilation process. Hence, the compilation of a generic function will typically yield several ordinary functions. The current method that is used to translate specializations is rather unsophisticated.

Martijn De Vries

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

TYPE III RADIO BURSTS PERTURBED BY WEAK CORONAL SHOCKS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some type III bursts are observed to undergo sudden flux modifications, e.g., reductions and intensifications, when type III beams cross shocks in the upper corona or solar wind. First simulations are presented for type III bursts perturbed by weak coronal shocks, which type III beams traverse. The simulations incorporate spatially localized jumps in plasma density and electron and ion temperatures downstream of a shock. A shock is predicted to produce significant modulations to a type III burst: (1) a broadband flux reduction or frequency gap caused by the shock's density jump, (2) a narrowband flux intensification originating from where the downstream plasma density locally has a small gradient, (3) a possible intensification from the shock front or just upstream, and (4) changes in the frequency drift rate profile and the temporal evolution of radiation flux at frequencies corresponding to the shocked plasma. The modulations are caused primarily by fundamental modifications to the radiation processes in response to the shocked density and temperatures. The predicted intensifications and reductions appear qualitatively consistent with the available small number of reported observations, although it is unclear how representative these observations are. It is demonstrated that a weak shock can cause an otherwise radio-quiet type III beam to produce observable levels of narrowband radio emission. The simulations suggest that type III bursts with frequency-time fine structures may provide a tool to probe shocks in the corona and solar wind, especially for weak shocks that do not radiate by themselves.

Li, B.; Cairns, Iver H. [School of Physics, University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006 (Australia)

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

319

DOE-EA-1733 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOE-EA-1733 EA at Geysers Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Well Field Calpine Enhanced Geothermal Systems Project General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type EA Applicant Calpine Consultant RMT Inc Geothermal Area Geysers Geothermal Area Project Location California Project Phase Geothermal/Well Field Techniques Time Frame (days) NEPA Process Time 192 Participating Agencies Lead Agency DOE Funding Agency DOE Managing District Office DOE Golden Field Office Managing Field Office DOE Golden Field Office Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager Private Mineral Manager State of California, Private Selected Dates Application Document Type POU

320

Announcement Notice Options By STI Type | Scientific and Technical  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Notices Notices Announcement Notice Options By STI Type Print page Print page Email page Email page The following list provides basic information regarding which announcement notice should be used by which audience for the various types of STI. For more information, see Submittal Basics. Announcement Options STI Product Types Announcement Notice Audiences AN 241.1 Web Version AN 241.1 Transmission Option Books/Monographs (non-copyrighted) Books/Monographs (copyrighted) Conference Papers/Presentations/Proceedings (non-copyrighted Conference Papers/Presentations/Proceedings (copyrighted) Journal Article Reprints (announcement notice only with adequate information to enable linking via Digital Object Identifier (DOI)) Journal Articles - Accepted manuscript Patents Program Documents

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Property:CBECSBuildingTypeName | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:CBECSBuildingTypeName Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. The allowed values for this property are: Education Food Sales Food Service Health Care (Inpatient) Health Care (Outpatient) Lodging Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) Mercantile (Enclosed and Strip Malls) Office Public Assembly Public Order and Safety Religious Worship Service Warehouse and Storage Other Vacant Pages using the property "CBECSBuildingTypeName" Showing 16 pages using this property. E Education + Education + F Food Sales + Food Sales + Food Service + Food Service + H Health Care (Inpatient) + Health Care (Inpatient) + Health Care (Outpatient) + Health Care (Outpatient) + L Lodging + Lodging +

322

Flow equivalence of shifts of finite type via positive factorizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Together with M. Boyle and D. Huang (2000), this paper gives an alternate development of the Huang classification of shifts of finite type up to flow equivalence, and provides additionalfunctorialinformation, used to analyze the action of the mapping class group of the mapping torus of a shift of finite type on the “isotopy futures” group, which is introduced here. For a shift of finite type ?A, this group is isomorphic to the Bowen-Franks group cok(I ?A). The action on the isotopy futures group of a subshift is the flow equivalence analogue of the dimension group representation.

Mike Boyle

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Late Light Curves of Normally-Luminous Type Ia Supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of Type Ia supernovae as cosmological tools has reinforced the need to better understand these objects and their light curves. The light curves of Type Ia supernovae are powered by the nuclear decay of $^{56}Ni \\to ^{56}Co \\to ^{56}Fe$. The late time light curves can provide insight into the behavior of the decay products and their effect of the shape of the curves. We present the optical light curves of six "normal" Type Ia supernovae, obtained at late times with template image subtraction, and the fits of these light curves to supernova energy deposition models.

J. C. Lair; M. D. Leising; P. A. Milne; G. G. Williams

2006-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

324

Nonlocal Operators, Parabolic-type Equations, and Ultrametric Random Walks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we introduce a new type of nonlocal operators and study the Cauchy problem for certain parabolic-type pseudodifferential equations naturally associated to these operators. Some of these equations are the p-adic master equations of certain models of complex systems introduced by Avetisov et al. The fundamental solutions of these parabolic-type equations are transition functions of random walks on the n-dimensional vector space over the field of p-adic numbers. We study some properties of these random walks, including the first passage time.

L. F. Chacón-Cortes; W. A. Zúñiga-Galindo

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

325

The type of calligraphy : writing, print, and technologies of the Arabic alphabet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Press. Hudson, James. 2002. “Unicode, From Text to Type. ”In Language, Culture, Type:International Type Design in the Age of Unicode, edited by

Osborn, J. R. (Wayne)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Tension Type Headache in Adolescence and Childhood: Where Are We Now?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

010-0149-z Tension Type Headache in Adolescence andSpringerlink.com Abstract Tension type headache (TTH) is aand adolescence. Keywords Tension-type headache . Migraine .

Monteith, Teshamae S.; Sprenger, Till

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

U.S. Exports of Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel (Thousand Barrels per Day)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Exports; Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Exports by Destination; Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Supply and Disposition ...

328

MHK Technologies/Floating Duck Type Device | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Device Type Device < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Floating Duck Type Device.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4 Proof of Concept Technology Description Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion GIEC of Chinese Academy of Sciences CAS plans to build an isolated power system with renewable energy on Dawanshan Island Guangdong Province before August 2012 with total installed capacity of 500kW including 300kW from wave energy device and 200kW from wind turbine The design of 100kW floating duck type device charging process and special transporting boat has been completed and the scale prototype is testing Technology Dimensions

329

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large Hotel Large Hotel Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-large_hotel.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-large_hotel.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-large_hotel.zip More Documents & Publications Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Small Hotel

330

Available Technologies: Low Resistance, p-Type Ohmic Contacts ...  

Novel Structured LED and OLED Devices, IB-2230. Co-implantation of Group VI Elements and Nitrogen for the Formation of Non-Alloyed Ohmic Contacts for n-type GaAs, IB ...

331

A new type of second order cosmological lagrangians  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate a possible connection between Galileon gravity and teleparallel gravity. We also propose a new type of second order cosmological lagrangian and study a some of its properties.

P. Tretyakov

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

332

Classes: an abstract data type facility for the C language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Language constructs for definition and use of abstract data types ease the design and maintenance of large programs. This paper describes the C class concept, an extension to the C language providing such constructs. A class is defined ...

Bjarne Stroustrup

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Premium All Grades Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales...

334

Tankless or Demand-Type Water Heaters | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

or Demand-Type Water Heaters May 2, 2012 - 6:47pm Addthis Diagram of a tankless water heater. Diagram of a tankless water heater. How does it work? Tankless water heaters deliver...

335

Modeling Study of a Tropical Squall-Type Convective Line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multidimensional and time-dependent cloud scale model is used to investigate the dynamic and micro-physical processes associated with convective and stratiform regions within a tropical squall-type convective line. The evolution of the total ...

Wei-Kuo Tao; Joanne Simpson

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Property:Buildings/ModelBuildingType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Buildings/ModelBuildingType Buildings/ModelBuildingType Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. It links to pages that use the form Buildings Model. Education Food Sales Food Service Health Care (Inpatient) Health Care (Outpatient) Lodging Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) Mercantile (Enclosed and Strip Malls) Office Public Assembly Public Order and Safety Religious Worship Service Warehouse and Storage Other Vacant Pages using the property "Buildings/ModelBuildingType" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline + Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) +

337

Renewable Energy Opportunities by Renovation Type | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Opportunities by Renovation Type Renewable Energy Opportunities by Renovation Type Renewable Energy Opportunities by Renovation Type October 16, 2013 - 4:56pm Addthis Renewable energy opportunities should be considered and identified in the earliest stages of Federal project planning and the team should assess the renewable energy options based on the type of renovation for the facility prior to making any significant decisions about the building design and goals. Integrating renewable energy into major renovations follows the same processes in design as for other construction projects. However, renovations will necessarily be more limited in some design choices related to renewable energy, such as site selection and building orientation. This section of the Guide attempts to give a first step in understanding the

338

Tankless or Demand-Type Water Heaters | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tankless or Demand-Type Water Heaters Tankless or Demand-Type Water Heaters Tankless or Demand-Type Water Heaters May 2, 2012 - 6:47pm Addthis Diagram of a tankless water heater. Diagram of a tankless water heater. How does it work? Tankless water heaters deliver hot water as it is needed, eliminating the need for storage tanks. Tankless water heaters, also known as demand-type or instantaneous water heaters, provide hot water only as it is needed. They don't produce the standby energy losses associated with storage water heaters, which can save you money. Here you'll find basic information about how they work, whether a tankless water heater might be right for your home, and what criteria to use when selecting the right model. Check out the Energy Saver 101: Water Heating infographic to learn if a tankless water heater is right for you.

339

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large office | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large office Large office Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large office Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-large_office.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-large_office.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-large_office.zip More Documents & Publications Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel

340

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Hospital | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hospital Hospital Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Hospital Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-hospital.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-hospital.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-hospital.zip More Documents & Publications Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large office

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Property:Buildings/ModelType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ModelType ModelType Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. The allowed values for this property are: Baseline Minimum Cost Max Tech PV Takeoff Cost Neutral 30% Energy Savings 50% Energy Savings 70% Energy Savings Other Pages using the property "Buildings/ModelType" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + 50% Energy Savings + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline + Baseline + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + 50% Energy Savings + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline + Baseline + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + 50% Energy Savings + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami High Plug Load Baseline + Baseline +

342

Property:Buildings/ModelTargetType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ModelTargetType ModelTargetType Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. The allowed values for this property are: ASHRAE 90.1 2007 ASHRAE 90.1 2004 ASHRAE 189.1 LEED Pages using the property "Buildings/ModelTargetType" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + ASHRAE 90.1 2004 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline + ASHRAE 90.1 2004 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + ASHRAE 90.1 2004 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline + ASHRAE 90.1 2004 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + ASHRAE 90.1 2004 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami High Plug Load Baseline + ASHRAE 90.1 2004 +

343

Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Types of Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts October 7, 2013 - 2:17pm Addthis Several types of contracts are used as utility energy service contracts (UESCs). Many agency sites procure electricity services under a contract with the local utility, and most of these contracts have provisions that can also cover energy efficiency projects. Agencies not covered by such agreements may enter contracts with the utility for the sole purpose of implementing energy projects. Agency staff will want to first find out whether their facility is already covered under a UESC. Using an existing contract that is familiar to the agency and the utility is typically the most expeditious means of getting projects done. Areawide Contracts Areawide contracts (AWCs) are blanket contracts, which are essentially

344

Performance and Characterization of Lithium-Ion Type Polymer...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance and Characterization of Lithium-Ion Type Polymer Batteries Speaker(s): Myung D. Cho Date: January 18, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint of Contact:...

345

The Dynamical Structure of Squall-Line Type Thunderstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structure of squall-line type thunderstorms is investigated with special emphasis on the upshear sloping updraft which is often observed in these storms. To aid in the investigation, a new version of the convective Richardson number is formed ...

Keith L. Seitter; Hsiao-Lan Kuo

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Evaluation of Pipe-Type Cable Joint Restraint Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Joints in underground transmission pipe-type cables must be designed to accommodate the thermomechanical forces created as a cable heats and cools in operation. This report details an investigation of several joint restraining designs and recommends one design.

1990-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

347

Fuel assembly transfer basket for pool type nuclear reactor vessels  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel assembly transfer basket for a pool type, liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor having a side access loading and unloading port for receiving and relinquishing fuel assemblies during transfer.

Fanning, Alan W. (San Jose, CA); Ramsour, Nicholas L. (San Jose, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Type-I Intermittency With Noise Versus Eyelet Intermittency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we compare the characteristics of two types of the intermittent behavior (type-I intermittency in the presence of noise and eyelet intermittency taking place in the vicinity of the chaotic phase synchronization boundary) supposed hitherto to be different phenomena. We show that these effects are the same type of dynamics observed under different conditions. The correctness of our conclusion is confirmed by the consideration of different sample systems, such as quadratic map, Van der Pol oscillator and Rossler system. Consideration of the problem concerning the upper boundary of the intermittent behavior also confirms the validity of the statement on the equivalence of type-I intermittency in the presence of noise and eyelet intermittency observed in the onset of phase synchronization.

Alexander E. Hramov; Alexey Koronovskii; Maria Kurovskaya; Olga Moskalenko

2013-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

349

Optimization Online - A probabilistic comparison of split and type 1 ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 1, 2010 ... A probabilistic comparison of split and type 1 triangle cuts for two row mixed- integer programs. Qie He(qie.he ***at*** gatech.edu) Shabbir ...

350

Two Types of Wave Breaking in an Aquaplanet GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characteristics of two distinct types of wave breaking in an aquaplanet general circulation model (GCM) are described. A systematic analysis of wave breaking is possible because when a baroclinic wave packet is present, the wave breaking ...

Sukyoung Lee; Steven Feldstein

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Error Determination of a Successive Correction Type Objective Analysis Scheme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Purdue Regional Objective Analysis of the Mesoscale (PROAM) is a successive correction type scheme for the analysis of surface meteorological data. The scheme is subjected to a series of experiments to evaluate its performance under a variety ...

David R. Smith; Fred W. Leslie

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Type II Actions from 11-Dimensional Chern-Simons Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper continues the discussion of hep-th/0605038, applying the holographic formulation of self-dual theory to the Ramond-Ramond fields of type II supergravity. We formulate the RR partition function, in the presence of nontrivial H-fields, in terms of the wavefunction of an 11-dimensional Chern-Simons theory. Using the methods of hep-th/0605038 we show how to formulate an action principle for the RR fields of both type IIA and type IIB supergravity, in the presence of RR current. We find a new topological restriction on consistent backgrounds of type IIA supergravity, namely the fourth Wu class must have a lift to the H-twisted cohomology.

Dmitriy M. Belov; Gregory W. Moore

2006-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

353

Hardy-type nonlocality proof for two maximally entangled particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a variation on a gedanken experiment of Hardy [Phys. Rev. Lett. 68 (1992) 2981] that allows, for the first time, a Hardy-type nonlocality proof for two maximally entangled particles in a four-dimensional Hilbert space.

Demetrios Kalamidas

2004-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

354

Cloud Type and Macrophysical Property Retrieval Using Multiple Remote Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cloud detection algorithm based on ground-based remote sensors has been developed that can differentiate among various atmospheric targets such as ice and water clouds, virga, precipitation, and aerosol layers. Standard cloud type and ...

Zhien Wang; Kenneth Sassen

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Retail Prices for Diesel (On-Highway) - All Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Midwest (PADD 2) 3.911: 3.907: 3.871: 3.850: 3.873: 3 ... EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types ...

357

File:Impacts of Regional Electricity Prices and Building Type...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon File:Impacts of Regional Electricity Prices and Building Type on the Economics of Commercial PV Systems NREL 2012.pdf...

358

Energy Star Building Upgrade Manual Facility Type: Retail Chapter...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facility Type: Retail Revised January 2008 13.1 Challenges and Opportunities 2 13.2 Energy Use Profile 2 13.3 Technical Recommendations 4 Retrocommissioning 5 Lighting 6 Load...

359

Stratospheric Balloon-Borne “Adapted Gill-Type” Propeller Anemometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Order to observe stratospheric gravity waves and turbulence, a Gill-type anemometer was improved by using sapphire pivot bearings and photocouplter tachometers. The anemometer has a threshold velocity of less than 1 m s?1 in the middle ...

M. D. Yamanaka; Y. Matsuzaka; J. Nishimura; T. Yamagami; H. Tanaka

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Figure 2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types in the ANWR 1002 and Coastal Plain Area of the Alaska North Slope. Potentially Productive Reservoirs and Plays Assessed by...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Thermoelectric properties of n-type PbSe revisited  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It was recently predicted \\cite{parker} and experimentally confirmed \\cite{sny_PbSe} that $p$-type PbSe would be a good thermoelectric material. Recent experimental work \\cite{pers2} now suggests that $n$-type PbSe can also be a good thermoelectric material. We now re-examine the thermoelectric performance of PbSe with a revised approximation which improves band gap accuracy. We now find that $n$-type PbSe {\\it can} be a high performance material, with thermopowers as high in magnitude as 250 $\\mu$V/K at 1000 K and 300 $\\mu$V/K at 800 K. Optimal 1000 K $n$-type doping ranges are between 2 $\\times 10^{19}$cm$^{-3}$ and 8 $\\times 10^{19}$cm$^{-3}$, while at 800 K the corresponding range is from 7 $\\times$10$^{18}$ to 4 $\\times $10$^{19}$ cm$^{-3}$.

Parker, David S [ORNL; Singh, David J [ORNL; Ren, Zhifeng [Boston College, Chestnut Hill; Zhang, Qinyong [Xihua University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Light-Duty Vehicle Energy Consumption by Technology Type from...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Light-Duty Vehicle Energy Consumption by Technology Type from EIA AEO 2011 Early Release Supplemental Table 47 of EIA AEO 2011 Early Release
2011-02-23T15:57:46Z...

363

Figure6a. Type of Home by Insulation, 2001  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The RECS relies on the respondents to provide the energy-related details of their homes. Typically, the respondents do not know technical details such as the type of ...

364

Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale...

365

reports_checksum reports_type visitreports_visitid ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

reports_checksum reports_type visitreports_visitid 20071324DS-d4/Ax6NRs3Xg- 667-197519321 DS //63UyTXzfnK 20070825DS-jgQRNybtb3mT ...

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

366

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Medium office | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Medium office Medium office Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Medium office Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-medium_office.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-medium_office.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-medium_office.zip More Documents & Publications Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large office

367

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Lighting Characteristics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Characteristics of Lighting Types Characteristics of Lighting Types Efficacy Efficacy is the amount of light produced per unit of energy consumed, expressed in lumens per watt (lm/W). Lamps with a higher efficacy value are more energy efficient. Average Rated Life The average rated life of a particular type of lamp is defined by the number of hours when 50 percent of a large sample of that type of lamp has failed. Color Rendering Index (CRI) The CRI is a measurement of a light source's accuracy in rendering different colors when compared to a reference light source. The highest attainable CRI is 100. Lamps with CRIs above 70 are typically used in office and living environments. Correlated Color Temperature (CCT) The CCT is an indicator of the "warmth" or "coolness" of the color

368

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Full Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Full Report Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Full Report file:///C|/mydocs/CBECS%20analysis/CBECS%20lighting/lighting_pdf.html[4/28/2009 9:20:44 AM] Introduction Lighting is a major consumer of electricity in commercial buildings and a target for energy savings through use of energy-efficient light sources along with other advanced lighting technologies. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects information on types of lighting equipment, the amount of floorspace that is lit, and the percentage of floorspace lit by each type. In addition, CBECS data are used to model end-use consumption, including energy consumed for lighting in commercial buildings. CBECS building characteristics data can answer a wide range of questions about lighting from the

369

Eady Solitary Waves: A Theory of Type B Cyclogenesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Localized baroclinic instability in a weakly nonlinear, long-wave limit using an Eady model is studied. The resulting evolution equations have a form of the KdV type, including extra terms representing linear coupling. Baroclinic instability is ...

Humio Mitsudera

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Adaptive nested implicit Runge--Kutta formulas of Gauss type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with a special family of implicit Runge-Kutta formulas of orders 2, 4 and 6. These methods are of Gauss type; i.e., they are based on Gauss quadrature formulas of orders 2, 4 and 6, respectively. However, the methods under discussion ... Keywords: 65L05, 65L06, Almost symplectic integration, Gauss-type methods, Local error estimation, Nested implicit Runge--Kutta formulas, Ordinary differential equations

G. Yu. Kulikov; S. K. Shindin

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

The Rate of Type Ia Supernovae at High Redshift  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the rates of Type Ia supernovae (SNIa) over a wide range of redshifts using a complete sample from the IfA Deep Survey. This sample of more than 100 SNIa is the largest set ever collected from a single survey, and therefore uniquely powerful for a detailed supernova rate (SNR) calculation. Measurements of the SNR as a function of cosmological time offer a glimpse into the relationship between the star formation rate (SFR) and Type Ia SNR, and may provide evidence for the progenitor pathway. We observe a progressively increasing Type Ia SNR between redshifts z~0.3-0.8. The Type Ia SNR measurements are consistent with a short time delay (t~1 Gyr) with respect to the SFR, indicating a fairly prompt evolution of SNIa progenitor systems. We derive a best-fit value of SFR/SNR 580 h_70^(-2) M_solar/SNIa for the conversion factor between star formation and SNIa rates, as determined for a delay time of t~1 Gyr between the SFR and the Type Ia SNR. More complete measurements of the Type Ia SNR at z>1 are necessary to conclusively determine the SFR--SNR relationship and constrain SNIa evolutionary pathways.

Brian J. Barris; John L. Tonry

2005-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

372

Morphological Type Dependence in the Tully-Fisher Relationship  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Tully-Fisher relationship is subject to morphological type dependence such that galaxies of morphology similar to ScI galaxies and Seyfert galaxies are more luminous at a given rotational velocity than galaxies of other morphological classification. This effect is most prevalent in the B-band. It is shown that the type effect is not simply an artifact of the calibrator sample, but is also present in cluster samples. The type effect is corrected by creating type dependent Tully-Fisher relations for ScI group galaxies and Sb/ScIII group galaxies. It is shown that with single calibrations, the distances to ScI group galaxies are systematically underestimated while the distances to Sb/ScIII group galaxies are systematically overestimated. Tully-Fisher slope and scatter is also considered in the context of Type Dependent Tully-Fisher relations. It is concluded that the use of type dependent Tully-Fisher relations provide significant improvement in the distances to individual galaxies and refined distances to clusters of galaxies.

David G. Russell

2004-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

373

Type II Leptogenesis and the Neutrino Mass Scale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the effect of the neutrino mass scale on baryogenesis via the out-of-equilibrium decay of the lightest right-handed (s)neutrinos in type II see-saw models. We calculate the type II contributions to the decay asymmetries for minimal scenarios based on the Standard Model and on the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, where the additional direct mass term for the neutrinos arises from a Higgs triplet vacuum expectation value. The result in the supersymmetric case is new and we correct the previous result in the scenario based on the Standard Model. We confirm and generalize our results by calculating the decay asymmetries in an effective approach, which is independent of the realization of the type II contribution. We derive a general upper bound on the decay asymmetry in type II see-saw models and find that it increases with the neutrino mass scale, in sharp contrast to the type I case which leads to an upper bound of about 0.1 eV on the neutrino mass scale. We find a lower bound on the mass of the lightest right-handed neutrino, significantly below the corresponding type I bound for partially degenerate neutrinos. This lower bound decreases with increasing neutrino mass scale, making leptogenesis more consistent with the gravitino constraints in supersymmetric models.

Stefan Antusch; Steve F. King

2004-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

374

K8, HVPE Homoepitaxy of p-Type GaN on n-Type Catalyst Free ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the growth of p-type HVPE GaN using catalyst free GaN nitride nanowires as a lattice matched substrate. The nanowires were grown using plasma ...

375

Fast Reactor Fuel Type and Reactor Safety Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fast Reactor Fuel Type and Reactor Safety Performance R. Wigeland , Idaho National Laboratory J. Cahalan, Argonne National Laboratory The sodium-cooled fast neutron reactor is currently being evaluated for the efficient transmutation of the highly-hazardous, long-lived, transuranic elements that are present in spent nuclear fuel. One of the fundamental choices that will be made is the selection of the fuel type for the fast reactor, whether oxide, metal, carbide, nitride, etc. It is likely that a decision on the fuel type will need to be made before many of the related technologies and facilities can be selected, from fuel fabrication to spent fuel reprocessing. A decision on fuel type should consider all impacts on the fast reactor system, including safety. Past work has demonstrated that the choice of fuel type may have a significant impact on the severity of consequences arising from accidents, especially for severe accidents of low probability. In this paper, the response of sodium-cooled fast reactors is discussed for both oxide and metal fuel types, highlighting the similarities and differences in reactor response and accident consequences. Any fast reactor facility must be designed to be able to successfully prevent, mitigate, or accommodate all consequences of potential events, including accidents. This is typically accomplished by using multiple barriers to the release of radiation, including the cladding on the fuel, the intact primary cooling system, and most visibly the reactor containment building. More recently, this has also included the use of ‘inherent safety’ concepts to reduce or eliminate the potential for serious damage in some cases. Past experience with oxide and metal fuel has demonstrated that both fuel types are suitable for use as fuel in a sodium-cooled fast reactor. However, safety analyses for these two fuel types have also shown that there can be substantial differences in accident consequences due to the neutronic and thermophysical properties of the fuel and their compatibility with the reactor coolant, with corresponding differences in the challenges presented to the reactor developers. Accident phenomena are discussed for the sodium-cooled fast reactor based on the mechanistic progression of conditions from accident initiation to accident termination, whether a benign state is achieved or more severe consequences are expected. General principles connecting accident phenomena and fuel properties are developed from the oxide and metal fuel safety analyses, providing guidelines that can be used as part of the evaluation for selection of fuel type for the sodium-cooled fast reactor.

R. Wigeland; J. Cahalan

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Anomalous Elastic Behavior in hcp- and Sm-Type Dysprosium  

SciTech Connect

The compression behavior of elemental dysprosium in the hcp- and the Sm-type phases has been examined under hydrostatic pressure. Sm-type Dy has been found about 1% denser than the hcp phase. This increase in density is due to c-axis contraction in Sm-type Dy, whereas the a-axis even expands compared with the hcp-phase. Both the hcp- and the Sm-type phases show an inversion in the pressure derivative of the c/a ratio. For hcp-Dy this inversion is very sharp with minimal c/a at 2.5 GPa. At the same pressure, the compression behavior of hcp-Dy changes abruptly from dominantly c-axis compression to almost isotropic compression with slightly softer S{sub 11}. The bulk modulus increases at this point by a factor of {approx}2. Both hcp- and Sm-type Dy exhibit a crossover from highly anisotropic compression mostly along the c-axis to almost isotropic compression. We discuss these anomalies with respect to a possible Lifshitz transition and structural soft modes.

Tschauner, Oliver; Grubor-Urosevic, Ognjen; Dera, Przemyslaw; Mulcahy, Sean R. (UNLV); (UC)

2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

377

A Coreless Approaches for On/Off Marx Type Modulators  

SciTech Connect

SLAC was first to report using ON/OFF switches in Marx type modulator. The development of Marx type modulator was bounded with the NLC need. The high energy physics runs based on the ILC concept where longer modulator pulse width is required. The SLAC idea of coreless modulators was useful for other applications (medicine, military, home security, etc.). The discussed conception is presented as a continuation of the earlier published articles. Several types of the Marx ON/OFF type modulators are under consideration. This article describes the new coreless approach, based on the solid state ON/OFF Marx's topology. An AC high voltage network feeds individual Marx's cells through the inductive and diode assemblies. Further integration of the ON/OFF Marx type modulator and its power supply is proposed. Two topologies are under consideration. The first scheme is an integration of DC/DC converters with ON/OFF Marx. The second topology is based on the usage of AC network directly with ON/OFF Marx scheme.

Krasnykh, Anatoly; /SLAC

2007-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

378

Types of Scientific and Technical Information (STI) | Scientific and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Types of Scientific and Technical Information (STI) Types of Scientific and Technical Information (STI) Print page Print page Email page Email page STI is produced and published in various media and formats, including textual, graphical, numeric, multimedia, digital data, technical reports, scientific/technical conference papers and presentations, theses and dissertations, computer software, journal manuscripts and citations, workshop reports, program documents, patents, and other types of technical data. Additionally, program documents encompass needs assessments, progress reports (e.g. semi-annual and annual summaries), workshop reports, etc. Note: "Announce" as used in the context below refers to when the submitter only provides OSTI with an announcement notice (AN 241.1, AN 241.3, AN 241.4, AN 241.5 and AN 241.6) and not the STI product itself. "Submit"

379

Finding STI By Type | Scientific and Technical Information Program  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

By Type By Type Print page Print page Email page Email page Various types of STI are available via OSTI databases; you can find research results and science information from the Manhattan Project to the present, including technical reports, citations, patents, and software. Patents DOepatents is the U.S. Department of Energy's central collection of patent information, where research and development intersect with innovation and invention. This collection demonstrates the Department's considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to today. Software The Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC) is the centralized software management facility for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). A component of the Office of Scientific and Technical Information

380

Performance and Characterization of Lithium-Ion Type Polymer Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance and Characterization of Lithium-Ion Type Polymer Batteries Performance and Characterization of Lithium-Ion Type Polymer Batteries Speaker(s): Myung D. Cho Date: January 18, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Frank McLarnon A new process for the preparation of lithium-polymer batteries with crosslinked gel-polymer electrolyte will be introduced. The new process employs a thermal crosslinking method rather than cell lamination, and is termed "lithium ion type polymer battery (ITPB)". This thermal crosslinking process has many advantages over the standard lamination method, such as fusing the polymer into the electrodes and better adhesion between the electrolyte and electrodes. The new method results in improved high-temperature stability and a simpler process, as well as the improved

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Restaurant | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Restaurant Restaurant Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Restaurant Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-sit_down_restaurant.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-sit_down_restaurant.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-full_service_restaurant.zip More Documents & Publications

382

Type-II intermittency characteristics in the presence of noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a type of intermittent behavior that occurs as the result of the interplay between dynamical mechanisms giving rise to type-II intermittency and random dynamics. We analytically deduce the law for the distribution of the laminar phases, which has never been obtained hitherto. The already known dependence of the mean length of the laminar phases on the criticality parameter [PRE 68 (2003) 036203] follows as a corollary of the carried out research. We also prove that this dependence obtained earlier under the assumption of the fixed form of the reinjection probability does not depend on the relaminarization properties, and, correspondingly, the obtained expression of the mean length of the laminar phases on the criticality parameter remains correct for different types of the reinjection probability.

Alexey A. Koronovskii; Alexander E. Hramov

2013-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

383

Fano type quantum inequalities in terms of $q$-entropies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generalizations of the quantum Fano inequality are considered. The notion of $q$-entropy exchange is introduced. This quantity is concave in each of its two arguments. For $q\\geq0$, the inequality of Fano type with $q$-entropic functionals is established. The notion of coherent information and the perfect reversibility of a quantum operation are discussed in the context of $q$-entropies. By the monotonicity property, the lower bound of Pinsker type in terms of the trace norm distance is obtained for the Tsallis relative $q$-entropy of order $q=1/2$. For $0\\leq{q}\\leq2$, Fano type quantum inequalities with freely variable parameters are obtained.

Alexey E. Rastegin

2010-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

384

Type II see-saw dominance in SO(10)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Grand unified theories where the neutrino mass is given by Type II seesaw have the potential to provide interesting connections between the neutrino and charged fermion sectors. We explore the possibility of having a dominant Type II seesaw contribution in supersymmetric SO(10). We show that this can be achieved in the model where symmetry breaking is triggered by 54 and 45-dimensional representations, without the need for additional fields other than those already required to have a realistic charged fermion mass spectrum. Physical consequences, such as the implementation of the BSV mechanism, the possibility of the fields responsible for Type II see-saw dominance being messengers of supersymmetry breaking, and the realization of baryo and leptogenesis in this theories are discussed.

Alejandra Melfo; Alba Ramirez; Goran Senjanovic

2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

385

Progenitors of type Ia supernovae in elliptical galaxies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although there is a nearly universal agreement that type Ia supernovae are associated with the thermonuclear disruption of a CO white dwarf, the exact nature of their progenitors is still unknown. The single degenerate scenario envisages a white dwarf accreting matter from a non-degenerate companion in a binary system. Nuclear energy of the accreted matter is released in the form of electromagnetic radiation or gives rise to numerous classical nova explosions prior to the supernova event. We show that combined X-ray output of supernova progenitors and statistics of classical novae predicted in the single degenerate scenario are inconsistent with X-ray and optical observations of nearby early type galaxies and galaxy bulges. White dwarfs accreting from a donor star in a binary system and detonating at the Chandrasekhar mass limit can account for no more than {approx}5% of type Ia supernovae observed in old stellar populations.

Gilfanov, M.; Bogdan, A.

2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

386

Duality Phase Transition in Type I String Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the duality phase transition in the unoriented type I theory of open and closed strings is_first order_. The order parameter is the semiclassical approximation to the heavy quark-antiquark potential at finite temperature, extracted from the covariant off-shell string amplitude with Wilson loop boundaries wrapped around the Euclidean time direction. Remarkably, precise calculations can be carried out on either side of the phase boundary at the string scale T_C = 1/2\\pi \\alpha^{'1/2} by utilizing the T-dual, type IB and type I', descriptions of the short string gas of massless gluon radiation. We will calculate the change in the duality transition temperature in the presence of an electromagnetic background field.

Shyamoli Chaudhuri

2005-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

387

Babel Fortran 2003 Binding for Structured Data Types  

SciTech Connect

Babel is a tool aimed at the high-performance computing community that addresses the need for mixing programming languages (Java, Python, C, C++, Fortran 90, FORTRAN 77) in order to leverage the specific benefits of those languages. Scientific codes often rely on structured data types (structs, derived data types) to encapsulate data, and Babel has been lacking in this type of support until recently. We present a new language binding that focuses on their interoperability of C/C++ with Fortran 2003. The new binding builds on the existing Fortran 90 infrastructure by using the iso-c-binding module defined in the Fortran 2003 standard as the basis for C/C++ interoperability. We present the technical approach for the new binding and discuss our initial experiences in applying the binding in FACETS (Framework Application for Core-Edge Transport Simulations) to integrate C++ with legacy Fortran codes.

Muszala, S; Epperly, T; Wang, N

2008-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

388

Statefinder Diagnostic for Born-Infeld Type Dark Energy Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a new method--statefinder diagnostic which can differ one dark energy model from the others, we investigate in this letter the dynamics of Born-Infeld(B-I) type dark energy model. The evolutive trajectory of B-I type dark energy with Mexican hat potential model with respect to $e-folding$ time $N$ is shown in the $r(s)$ diagram. When the parameter of noncanonical kinetic energy term $\\eta\\to0$ or kinetic energy $\\dot{\\phi}^2\\to0$, B-I type dark energy(K-essence) model reduces to Quintessence model or $\\Lambda$CDM model corresponding to the statefinder pair $\\{r, s\\}$=$\\{1, 0\\}$ respectively. As a result, the the evolutive trajectory of our model in the $r(s)$ diagram in Mexican hat potential is quite different from those of other dark energy models.

Z. G. Huang; H. Q. Lu

2008-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

389

Partnering Institution Name Partnering Institution Name Place Type  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Partnering Institution Name Partnering Institution Name Place Type Partnering Institution Name Partnering Institution Name Place Type of Partnership Partner Center Partner Year Partner Description Link Technologies Technologies North Lexington Massachusetts Incubator National Center for Photovoltaics M M St Paul Minnesota CRADA http www nrel gov pv pv manufacturing html A O Smith A O Smith Milwaukee Wisconsin Test Evaluation Partner Electricity Resources Building Systems Integration A123Systems A123Systems Watertown Massachusetts CRADA Transportation Technologies and Systems http www nrel gov news press html AAON AAON Tulsa Oklahoma Test Evaluation Partner Electricity Resources Building Systems Integration AQUA Products AQUA Products Prosperity South Carolina Test Evaluation Partner Electricity Resources Building Systems Integration

390

List of Portfolio Manager property types, definitions, and use details |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

List of Portfolio Manager property types, definitions, and use List of Portfolio Manager property types, definitions, and use details Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

391

Kinetic Simulations of Solar Type II Radio Burst Emission Processes  

SciTech Connect

Using our kinetic Particle-in-Cell simulation code, we have examined the behavior of different plasma modes in the environment close to a CME shock front, with special focus on the modes that may contribute to the formation of type II radio bursts. Apart from electron velocity spectra, numerical dispersion plots obtained from simulation data allow for analysis of wave modes in the simulated plasma, especially showing growth and damping of these modes over time. These plots reveal features at 2omega{sub p} which are not predicted by linear wave theory, that may be results of nonlinear three wave interaction processes as theoretically predicted for type II emission processes.

Ganse, Urs; Burkart, Thomas; Spanier, Felix [Lehrstuhl fuer Astronomie, Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany); Vainio, Rami [Department of Physics, University of Helsinki (Finland)

2010-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

392

Complete genome sequence of Methanoculleus marisnigri type strain JR1  

SciTech Connect

Methanoculleus marisnigri Romesser et al. 1981 is a methanogen belonging to the order Methanomicrobiales within the archaeal phylum Euryarchaeota. The type strain, JR1, was isolated from anoxic sediments of the Black Sea. M. marisnigri is of phylogenetic interest because at the time the sequencing project began only one genome had previously been sequenced from the order Methanomicrobiales. We report here the complete genome sequence of M. marisnigri type strain JR1 and its annotation. This is part of a Joint Genome Institute 2006 Community Sequencing Program to sequence genomes of diverse Archaea.

Anderson, Iain [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Sieprawska-Lupa, Magdalena [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Goltsman, Eugene [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lapidus, Alla L. [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Copeland, A [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Glavina Del Rio, Tijana [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tice, Hope [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Dalin, Eileen [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Barry, Kerrie [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Saunders, Elizabeth H [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, Cliff [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Brettin, Tom [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Mikhailova, Natalia [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Hauser, Loren John [ORNL; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Lucas, Susan [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Richardson, P M [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Whitman, W. B. [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Complete genome sequence of Methanocorpusculum labreanum type strain Z  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methanocorpusculum labreanum is a methanogen belonging to the order Methanomicrobiales within the archaeal phylum Euryarchaeota. The type strain Z was isolated from surface sediments of Tar Pit Lake in the La Brea Tar Pits in Los Angeles, California. M. labreanum is of phylogenetic interest because at the time the sequencing project began only one genome had previously been sequenced from the order Methanomicrobiales. We report here the complete genome sequence of M. labreanum type strain Z and its annotation. This is part of a 2006 Joint Genome Institute Community Sequencing Program project to sequence genomes of diverse Archaea.

Anderson, Iain [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Sieprawska-Lupa, Magdalena [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Goltsman, Eugene [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lapidus, Alla L. [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Copeland, A [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Glavina Del Rio, Tijana [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tice, Hope [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Dalin, Eileen [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Barry, Kerrie [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Hauser, Loren John [ORNL; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Lucas, Susan [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Richardson, P M [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Whitman, W. B. [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

A new type fit for the CKM matrix elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of the paper is to propose a new type of fits in terms of invariant quantities for finding the entries of the CKM matrix from the quark sector, by using the mathematical solution to the reconstruction problem of 3 x 3 unitary matrices from experimental data, recently found. The necessity of this type of fit comes from the compatibility conditions between the data and the theoretical model formalised by the CKM matrix, which imply many strong nonlinear conditions on moduli which all have to be satisfied in order to obtain a unitary matrix.

Petre Dita

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

395

Bell-type inequalities for non-local resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present bipartite Bell-type inequalities which allow the two partners to use some non-local resource. Such inequality can only be violated if the parties use a resource which is more non-local than the one permitted by the inequality. We introduce a family of N-inputs non-local machines, which are generalizations of the well-known PR-box. Then we construct Bell-type inequalities that cannot be violated by strategies that use one these new machines. Finally we discuss implications for the simulation of quantum states.

Nicolas Brunner; Valerio Scarani; Nicolas Gisin

2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

396

Type-II seesaw mass models and baryon asymmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute and also compare the contributions of canonical and noncanonical mass terms towards baryon asymmetry by considering type-II seesaw mass models of neutrinos: Degenerare(3 varieties), Normal hierarchical and Inverted hierarchical(2 varieties). We have shown that for particular choices of parameter '$\\gamma$'(the so-called discriminator) for different neutrino mass models, the baryon asymmetry is largely dominated by canonical term. Within such type-II seesaw scenario, we find normal hierarchical mass model as the most favourable choice of nature.

Amal Kr. Sarma; H. Zeen Devi; N. Nimai Singh

2006-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

397

Dynamical Lifshitz-type solutions and aging phenomena  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider time-dependent Lifshitz-type solutions in type IIB supergravity. The solutions describe a time evolution from Lifshitz spacetimes to AdS spaces. We argue the holographic relation of them to aging phenomena in condensed matter physics. The solutions have no time-translation invariance and possess the dynamical scaling symmetry with z_c=2. In addition, the time evolution corresponds to slow (nonexponential) dynamics from nonequilibrium states to the equilibrium. We also discuss a mechanism of quantum quench to generate nonequilibrium states.

Kunihito Uzawa; Kentaroh Yoshida

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

398

Parametrization of Born-Infeld Type Phantom Dark Energy Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applying the parametrization of dark energy density, we can construct directly independent-model potentials. In Born-Infeld type phantom dark energy model, we consider four special parametrization equation of state parameter. The evolutive behavior of dark energy density with respect to red-shift $z$, potentials with respect to $\\phi$ and $z$ are shown mathematically. Moreover, we investigate the effect of parameter $\\eta$ upon the evolution of the constructed potential with respect to $z$. These results show that the evolutive behavior of constructed Born-Infeld type dark energy model is quite different from those of the other models.

Z. G. Huang; H. Q. Lu; W. Fang

2009-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

399

Modification of the Bel-Robinson type energy-momentum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For describing the non-negative gravitational energy-momentum in terms of a pure Bel-Robinson type energy-momentum in a quasilocal 2-surface, both the Bel-Robinson tensor $B$ and tensor $V$ are suitable. We found that this Bel-Robinson type energy-momentum can be modified such that it satisfies the Lorentz covariant, future pointing and non-spacelike properties. We find that these particular energy-momentum properties can be obtained from (i): $B$ or $V$ plus a tensor $S$ in a quasilocal small cube limit, or (ii): directly evaluating the energy-momentum of $B$ or $V$ in a quasilocal small box region.

Lau Loi So

2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

400

Bianchi type-II cosmological model: some remarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within the framework of Bianchi type-II (BII) cosmological model the behavior of matter distribution has been considered. It is shown that the non-zero off-diagonal component of Einstein tensor implies some severe restriction on the choice of matter distribution. In particular for a locally rotationally symmetric Bianchi type-II (LRS BII) space-time it is proved that the matter distribution should be strictly isotropic if the corresponding matter field possesses only non-zero diagonal components of the energy-momentum tensor.

Bijan Saha

2010-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Interdecadal Relationship between the Mean State and El Niño Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interdecadal change of the mean state and two types of El Niño was investigated based on the analysis of observational data from 1980 to 2010. It was found that easterly trades and sea surface temperature (SST) gradients across the equatorial ...

Pei-Hsuan Chung; Tim Li

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Stand-alone retail  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

403

New Zealand Energy Data: Electricity Generation by Fuel Type...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Island and New Zealand (2009). The fuel types include: hydro, geothermal, biogas, wind, oil, coal, and gas.
2011-01-26T00:20:13Z 2011-01-27T19:47:20Z http:...

404

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Outpatient health care  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

405

Multiphase Saturation Equations, Change of Type and Inaccessible Regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We identify a class of flux functions which give rise to conservation laws which are hyperbolic except along a codimension one subspace of state space. We show that a number of systems modelling porous medium flow can be regarded as perturbations of such systems, and describe the phenomenon of change of type for these perturbations.

Barbara Lee Keyfitz

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

98.6 75.5 77.3 90.7 86.1 91.1 64.5 See footnotes at end of table. 39. No. 2 Distillate Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States 224 Energy Information Administration...

407

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

96.3 72.5 71.8 87.1 82.9 88.2 62.5 See footnotes at end of table. 39. No. 2 Distillate Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States 224 Energy Information Administration...

408

Fault-safe code motion for type-safe languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compilers for Java and other type-safe languages have historically worked to overcome overheads and constraints imposed by runtime safety checks and precise exception semantics. We instead exploit these safety properties to perform code motion optimizations ... Keywords: code motion, intermediate representations, partial redundancy elimination, safe code motion, safety dependences, scheduling, speculative code motion

Brian R. Murphy; Vijay Menon; Florian T. Schneider; Tatiana Shpeisman; Ali-Reza Adl-Tabatabai

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Energy Distribution of a Gödel-Type Space-Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the energy and momentum distributions associated with a G\\"{o}del-type space-time, using the well-known energy-momentum complexes of Landau and Lifshitz and M{\\o}ller. We show that the definitions of Landau and Lifshitz and M{\\o}ller do not furnish a consistent result.

Ragab M. Gad

2004-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

410

The Energy Distribution of the Bianchi Type I Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the energy distribution of an anisotropic model of universe, based on the Bianchi type I metric, in the Tolman's prescription. The energy due to the matter plus gravitational field is equal to zero. This result agrees with the results of Banerjee and Sen and Xulu. Also, our result supports the viewpoint of Tryon and Rosen.

I. Radinschi

2000-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

Kalman-type positioning filters with floor plan information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A family of Kalman-type filters that estimate the user's position indoors, using range measurements and floor plan data, is presented. The floor plan information is formulated as a set of linear constraints and is used to truncate the Gaussian posterior ... Keywords: Kalman filter, floor plan, inequality constraints, nonlinear filtering, positioning

Tommi Perälä; Simo Ali-Löytty

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Type II Seesaw and the PAMELA/ATIC Signals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss how the cosmic ray signals reported by the PAMELA and ATIC/PPB-BETS experiments may be understood in a Standard Model (SM) framework supplemented by type II seesaw and a stable SM singlet scalar boson as dark matter. A particle physics explanation of the 'boost' factor can be provided by including an additional SM singlet scalar field.

Ilia Gogoladze; Nobuchika Okada; Qaisar Shafi

2009-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

413

Two Types of Strong Northeast Asian Summer Monsoon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characteristics of a strong northeast Asian summer monsoon (NEASM) with and without (A and B type, respectively) a basinwide warming in the Indian Ocean during the preceding winter are examined for the period of 1979–2006. In the case of the ...

Jung-Eun Kim; Sang-Wook Yeh; Song-You Hong

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Fano-Type Resonance of Waves in Periodic Slabs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate Fano-type anomalous transmission of energy of plane waves across lossless slab scatterers with periodic structure in the presence of non-robust guided modes. Our approach is based on rigorous analytic perturbation of the scattering problem near a guided mode and applies to very general structures, continuous and discrete.

Natalia Ptitsyna; Stephen P. Shipman; Stephanos Venakides

2008-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

415

Component-Oriented Languages: Messages vs. Methods, Modules vs. Types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Component-Oriented Languages: Messages vs. Methods, Modules vs. Types Peter H. Fr¨ohlich (phf Abstract Programming languages should support the paradigm of component-oriented software development. Component-oriented programming languages must ex- plicitlydistinguish messages vs. methods and modules vs

Fröhlich, Peter

416

A modified concentrating type solar oven for outdoor cooking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solar cookers offer a partial solution to many problems for the poor developing areas of the world. In these regions energy used for cooking sometimes comprises four fifths of the total energy demand. Solar cookers are generally four catagories: direct focusing, oven, ovenfocusing and indirect types. The direct focusing types failed to boil water under windy conditions due to excessive convection losses from the bare cooking pot placed at the concentrator focus. The oven type cookers, such as Telkes oven, observe the rules of energy conservation and thus are more efficient and less affected by windy weather. However, this oven suffers from two major problems. First, tilting the oven could cause food spillage unless a hinged support is used for the pot. This adds complication to the design of Telkes oven. Second, the solar radiation is added to the pot from the top for high solar altitude angles. This leads to poor heat transfer to the food inside the pot. The advantages of concentrating and oven cookers can be obtained by widding of a point focus concentrator to a new oven type receiver. In this paper the concept and design details of such an oven are introduced. Theoretical and experimental analyses of the developed cooker are given.

Khalifa, A.M.A.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Calling variadic functions from a strongly-typed language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The importance of providing a mechanism to call C functions from high-level languages has been understood for many years and, these days, almost all statically-typed high-level-language implementations provide such a mechanism. One glaring omission, ... Keywords: compilers, foreign-function interfaces, interpreters

Matthias Blume; Michael Rainey; John Reppy

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Theoretical Investigation of the Closed Type Parabolic Trough  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Of a closed type parabolic trough solar collector, the thermal performance was analyzed, and a mathematical model was proposed, and experience system was built. As well mathematical model was validated with the measure data. Keywords: trough solar power, collector, numerical simulation, thermal analysis

Zhong-Zhu Qiu; Qiming Li; Peng Li; Yi Zhang; Jia He; Wenwen Guo

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

XTRACT: Learning Document Type Descriptors from XML Document Collections  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

XML is rapidly emerging as the new standard for data representation and exchange on the Web. Unlike HTML, tags in XML documents describe the semantics of the data and not how it is to be displayed. In addition, an XML document can be accompanied by a ... Keywords: Document Type Descriptor (DTD), Extensible Markup Language (XML), MDL principle, regular expressions

Minos Garofalakis; Aristides Gionis; Rajeev Rastogi; S. Seshadri; Kyuseok Shim

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

A survey of Nordhaus-Gaddum type relations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1956, Nordhaus and Gaddum gave lower and upper bounds on the sum and the product of the chromatic number of a graph and its complement, in terms of the order of the graph. Since then, relations of a similar type have been proposed for many other graph ... Keywords: Complement, Graph, Inequalities, Invariants, Nordhaus-Gaddum

Mustapha Aouchiche; Pierre Hansen

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

p-type conduction in sputtered indium oxide films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report p-type conductivity in intrinsic indium oxide (IO) films deposited by magnetron sputtering on fused quartz substrates under oxygen-rich ambient. Highly oriented (111) films were studied by x-ray diffraction, optical absorption, and Hall effect measurements. We fabricated p-n homojunctions on these films.

Stankiewicz, Jolanta; Alcala, Rafael [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragon and Departamento de Fisica de la Materia Condensada, CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Villuendas, Francisco [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain)

2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

422

Quantum frieze patterns in quantum cluster algebras of type A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a quantisation of the Coxeter-Conway frieze patterns and prove that they realise quantum cluster variables in quantum cluster algebras associated with linearly oriented Dynkin quivers of type A. As an application, we obtain the explicit polynomials arising from the lower bound phenomenon in these quantum cluster algebras.

Burelle, Jean-Philippe

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Carnegie Supernova Project: Observations of Type IIn Supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The observational diversity displayed by various Type IIn supernovae (SNe IIn) is explored and quantified. In doing so a more coherent picture ascribing the variety of observed SNe IIn types to particular progenitor scenarios is sought. Carnegie Supernova Project (CSP) optical and near-infrared light curves and visual-wavelength spectroscopy of the Type IIn SNe 2005kj, 2006aa, 2006bo, 2006qq and 2008fq are presented. Combined with previously published observations of the Type IIn SNe 2005ip and 2006jd (Stritzinger et al. 2012), the full CSP sample is used to derive physical parameters which describe the nature of the interaction between the expanding SN ejecta and the circum-stellar material (CSM). For each SN of our sample we find counterparts, identifying objects similar to SNe 1994W (SN 2006bo), 1998S (SN 2008fq) and 1988Z (SN 2006qq). We present the unprecedented initial u-band plateau of SN 2006aa, and its peculiar late-time luminosity and temperature evolution. For each SN, assuming the CSM was formed b...

Taddia, F; Sollerman, J; Phillips, M M; Anderson, J P; Boldt, L; Campillay, A; Castellón, S; Contreras, C; Folatelli, G; Hamuy, M; Heinrich-Josties, E; Krzeminski, W; Morrell, N; Burns, C R; Freedman, W L; Madore, B F; Persson, S E; Suntzeff, N B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

A pair of disjoint 3-GDDs of type gtu1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pairwise disjoint 3-GDDs can be used to construct some optimal constant-weight codes. We study the existence of a pair of disjoint 3-GDDs of type g t u 1 and establish that its necessary conditions ... Keywords: 05B05, Constant-composition code, Constant-weight code, Disjoint, Group divisible design, Idempotent Latin square, Modified group divisible design, Resolvable

Yanxun Chang; Yeow Meng Chee; Junling Zhou

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Hydraulics of honeycomb type orifices for flow zoning in FBR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The construction of Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) has commenced at Kalpakkam, INDIA. PFBR is a sodium cooled pool type reactor. PFBR core subassemblies (SA) are supported vertically inside the sleeves provided in the Grid plate (GP). The GP acts ... Keywords: cavitation, fast breeder reactor, flow zoning device, reynolds number, similarity, subassemblies

G. K. Pandey; D. Ramdasu; P. Anup Kumar; M. Thirumalai; G. Padmakumar; V. Prakash; C. Anandbabu; P. Kalyanasundaram; G. Vaidyanathan

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Aluminum Alloying Effects on Lattice Types, Microstructures, and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conference Tools for 2014 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition ... In this report, we first review alloying effects on lattice types and properties of HEAs, finding that Al acts as a strong BCC stabilizer, and its ... Characterization of Laser-deposited CoCrFeNi High Entropy Alloy Coatings ... Contact programming@programmaster

427

South American Cold Surges: Types, Composites, and Case Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the climatological, large-scale, and synoptic-scale aspects of South American cold surges using NCEP–NCAR gridded reanalyses for the 1992–96 period. Three common cold surge types are identified on the basis of a thickness (...

Anthony R. Lupo; Joseph J. Nocera; Lance F. Bosart; Eric G. Hoffman; David J. Knight

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Hm(x) type inference is clp(x) solving  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The HM(X) system is a generalization of the Hindley/Milner system parameterized in the constraint domain X. Type inference is performed by generating constraints out of the program text, which are then solved by the domain-specific constraint solver ...

Martin Sulzmann; Peter j. Stuckey

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Pro-neural transcription factors as cancer markers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.biomedcentral.com/1755-8794/1/17 We next sought to test the validity of Ascl1, neurotensin receptor (NTR2) and NTS as cancer markers in clinical prostate material from a distinct cohort of patients by immunohistochemistry (Figure 7A). NTS and Ascl1 were negative... bars above the heatmap. These sam- ples were tested for enrichment of malignant tissue types (Table 3). Malignant tissue samples enriching proneural signature sample groups are highlighted as coloured bars at the top of the heatmap. DDC NTS POU4F1 ASCL...

Vias, Maria; Massie, Charles E; East, Philip; Scott, Helen; Warren, Anne; Zhou, Zongxiang; Nikitin, Alexander Yu; Neal, David E; Mills, Ian G

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

430

Hydrogen and helium traces in type Ib-c supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spectroscopic properties of a selected optical photospheric spectra of core collapse supernovae (CCSNe) are investigated.Special attention is devoted to traces of hydrogen at early phases. The generated spectra are found to match the observed ones reasonably well, including a list of only 23 candidate ions. Guided by SN Ib 1990I, the observed trough near 6300\\AA is attributed to H$\\alpha$ in almost all Type Ib events, although in some objects it becomes too weak to be discernible, especially at later phases. Alternative line identifications are discussed. Differences in the way hydrogen manifests its presence within CCSNe are highlighted. In Type Ib SNe, the H$\\alpha$ contrast velocity (i.e. line velocity minus the photospheric velocity) seems to increase with time at early epochs, reaching values as high as 8000 km s$^{-1}$ around 15-20 days after maximum and then remains almost constant. The derived photospheric velocities, indicate a lower velocity for Type II SNe 1987A and 1999em as compared to SN Ic 1994I and SN IIb 1993J, while Type Ib events display a somewhat larger variation. The scatter, around day 20, is measured to be $\\sim$5000 km s$^{-1}$. Following two simple approaches, rough estimates of ejecta and hydrogen masses are given. A mass of hydrogen of approximately 0.02 $M_\\odot$ is obtained for SN 1990I, while SNe 1983N and 2000H ejected $\\sim$0.008 $M_\\odot$ and $\\sim$0.08 $M_\\odot$ of hydrogen, respectively. SN 1993J has a higher hydrogen mass, $\\sim 0.7$ $M_\\odot$ with a large uncertainty. A low mass and thin hydrogen layer with very high ejection velocities above the helium shell, is thus the most likely scenario for Type Ib SNe. Some interesting and curious issues relating to oxygen lines suggest future investigations.

A. Elmhamdi; I. J. Danziger; D. Branch; B. Leibundgut; E. Baron; R. P. Kirshner

2005-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

431

Wegner-type bounds for a two-particle continuous Anderson model with an alloy-type external potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a two-particle quantum systems in a d-dimensional Euclidean space with interaction and in presence of a random external potential (a continuous two-particle Anderson model). We establish Wegner-type estimates (inequalities) for such models, assessing the probability that random spectra of Hamiltonians in finite volumes intersect a given set.

A. Boutet de Monvel; V. Chulaevsky; P. Stollmann; Y. Suhov

2008-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

432

BIO-BAG ™ Type Cfj Environmental Chamber DESCRIPTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BIO-BAG Type Cfj is a disposable, individual environmental chamber and a gas generator, consisting of one tablet of potassium borohydride-sodium bicarbonate and an ampule of hydrochloric acid, which when activated in the sealed BIO-BAG chamber provides a microaerophilic atmosphere. INTENDED USE BIO-BAG Type Cfj is designed to provide a microaerophilic environment suitable for the isolation of Campylobacter jejuni, formerly known as C. fetus subsp. jejuni (Cfj), from clinical specimens or subcultures from selective media. When used as directed, BIO-BAG Type Cfj will provide an atmosphere that has been shown to provide optimum growth of C. jejuni. 1,2 SUMMARY AND EXPLANATION Campylobacter jejuni has been recognized as a common enteric pathogen. 2,4,7,8 This organism is a true microaerophile and a capnophilic atmosphere has been shown to enhance growth. 5 Use of a selective medium containing 5 % sheep blood and a combination of antimicrobial agents and incubation at 42ºC provides conditions favorable for the selective isolation of C. jejuni from intestinal flora. 3,6 Under ideal conditions, characteristic colonies may be observed in 24 to 48 h, 1,2,5 Each BIO-BAG Type Cfj system allows cultures to be set up and observed for growth individually, so that appropriate atmospheric conditions are not interrupted. Exposure to atmospheric oxygen may interfere with the growth of more oxygen-sensitive strains. 5 PRINCIPLE OF THE PROCEDURE A microaerophilic-capnophilic atmosphere is provided in each sealed BIO-BAG Type Cfj system. A self-contained generator consists of an ampule of a weak hydrochloric acid solution and a gas generator tablet. When the ampule is crushed, the tablet is then activated. A portion of atmospheric oxygen in the chamber is utilized in the reaction. The resulting atmosphere is conducive to the isolation and cultivation of C. jejuni. 1,2 Each BIO-BAG Type Cfj system is disposable and designed to be used only once.

unknown authors

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Full Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PDF PDF Lighting in Commercial Buildings Introduction Lighting is a major consumer of electricity in commercial buildings and a target for energy savings through use of energy-efficient light sources along with other advanced lighting technologies. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects information on types of lighting equipment, the amount of floorspace that is lit, and the percentage of floorspace lit by each type. In addition, CBECS data are used to model end-use consumption, including energy consumed for lighting in commercial buildings. CBECS building characteristics data can answer a wide range of questions about lighting from the most basic, "How many buildings are lit?" to more detailed questions such as, "How many office buildings have compact

434

A New Type of pi-Molecular Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure, and Magnetism of a New Type of pi-Molecular Complex Structure, and Magnetism of a New Type of pi-Molecular Complex Containing Binuclear Copper(II) Complexes and Benzene: Bis[2,2-dimethyl-7-(phenylimino)-3,5, 7-octanetrionato]dicopper(II)-Benzene and Bis[2,2-dimethyl-7- ((4-nitrophenyl)imino)-3,5,7-octanetrionato]dicopper(II)-Bis(benzene) James F. Wishart, Christopher Ceccarelli, Richard L. Lintvedt, Jeremy M. Berg, David P. Foley, Tom Frey, James E. Hahn, Keith O. Hodgson and Robert Weis Inorg. Chem. 22, 1667-1671 (1983) Abstract: The title compounds have been crystallized and examined by X-ray diffraction techniques. The structure of Cu2(PAAan)2°C6H6 consists of stacks of alternating bis[2,2-dimethyl-7-(phenylimino)-3,5,7-octanetrionato]dicopper(II), Cu2(PAAan)2, and benzene molecules in an ADAD... pattern. Crystal data are

435

A non-autonomous flow system with Plykin type attractor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A non-autonomous flow system is introduced with an attractor of Plykin type that may serve as a base for elaboration of real systems and devices demonstrating the structurally stable chaotic dynamics. The starting point is a map on a two-dimensional sphere, consisting of four stages of continuous geometrically evident transformations. The computations indicate that in a certain parameter range the map has a uniformly hyperbolic attractor. It may be represented on a plane by means of a stereographic projection. Accounting structural stability, a modification of the model is undertaken to obtain a set of two non-autonomous differential equations of the first order with smooth coefficients. As follows from computations, it has the Plykin type attractor in the Poincar\\'{e} cross-section.

Sergey P. Kuznetsov

2009-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

436

FAR-INFRARED PROPERTIES OF TYPE 1 QUASARS  

SciTech Connect

We use the Spitzer Space Telescope Enhanced Imaging Products and the Spitzer Archival Far-InfraRed Extragalactic Survey to study the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of spectroscopically confirmed type 1 quasars selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). By combining the Spitzer and SDSS data with the Two Micron All Sky Survey, we are able to construct a statistically robust rest-frame 0.1-100 {mu}m type 1 quasar template. We find that the quasar population is well-described by a single power-law SED at wavelengths less than 20 {mu}m, in good agreement with previous work. However, at longer wavelengths, we find a significant excess in infrared luminosity above an extrapolated power-law, along with significant object-to-object dispersion in the SED. The mean excess reaches a maximum of 0.8 dex at rest-frame wavelengths near 100 {mu}m.

Hanish, D. J.; Teplitz, H. I.; Capak, P.; Desai, V.; Armus, L.; Brinkworth, C.; Brooke, T.; Colbert, J.; Fadda, D.; Noriega-Crespo, A.; Paladini, R. [Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology, MC 220-6, 1200 E California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Frayer, D. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box 2, Green Bank, WV 24944 (United States); Huynh, M. [International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research, M468, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia); Lacy, M. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Murphy, E. [The Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Scarlata, C. [Minnesota Institute for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Shenoy, S., E-mail: hanish@ipac.caltech.edu [Space Science Division, NASA Ames Research Center, M/S 245-6, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

On-site Housing Unit Types | Staff Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

On-site Housing Unit Types On-site Housing Unit Types Registration is required for all computers, wireless notebooks or other network devices used on the BNL Network. Devices that are not registered will be disconnected from the network. Apartments Apartments are available in 1, 2, 3 and 4 bedrooms. They are fully furnished and supplied with linens, kitchen utensils and cookware. Utilities are included in the rental price. *Note: These units do NOT have air conditioning. Each unit is equipped with DSL connection, satellite television and a microwave. Cisco Wireless Access Points (WAPs) connections are also available in Buildings 2-10. More Photos (PDF) Cavendish House The Cavendish house is a male dormitory consisting of 83 private single occupancy rooms equipped with air conditioning, Ethernet connection and

438

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Mating-Type Regulation of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mating-Type Regulation of Non-homologous End Joining in Mating-Type Regulation of Non-homologous End Joining in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Authors: Maria Valencia,* Marc Bentele,^ Moreshwar B. Vaze,* Gernot Herrmann, Ellayhu Kraus, Sang Eun Lee, Primo Schar,^ and James E. Haber* Institutions: *Rosenstiel Center and Department of Biology, Brandeis University ^Institute of Medical Radiobiology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. In the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, broken DNA ends can be ligated, either in a precise or an error-prone manner by a process known as Non-Homologous End Joining (NHEJ). Several proteins have been identified that play a role in NHEJ: the yKu70/80 heterodimer, DNA ligase IV and its associated protein Lif1/Xrcc4, the Mre11-Rad50-Xrs2 complex, as well as the silencing proteins Sir 2, 3, 4. Recent studies suggest that SIR genes may

439

World Energy Consumption by Fuel Type, 1970-2020  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Consumption by Fuel Type, 1970-2020 Energy Consumption by Fuel Type, 1970-2020 Source: EIA, International Energy Outlook 2000 Previous slide Next slide Back to first slide View graphic version Notes: Natural gas is projected to be the fastest-growing component of primary world energy consumption, more than doubling between 1997 and 2020. Gas accounts for the largest increment in electricity generation (41 percent of the total increment of energy used for electricity generation). Combined-cycle gas turbine power plants offer some of the highest commercially available plant efficiencies, and natural gas is environmentally attractive because it emits less sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, and particulate matter than does oil or coal. In the IEO2000 projection, world natural gas consumption reaches the level of coal by

440

On algebras of finite Cohen-Macaulay type.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study Artin algebras $A$ and commutative Noetherian complete local rings $R$ in connection with the following decomposition property of Gorenstein-projective modules: $(*)$ any Gorenstein-projective module is a direct sum of finitely generated modules. We show that this direct decomposition property is related to the property of the algebra $A$, or the ring $R$, being (virtually) Gorenstein of finite Cohen-Macaquly type. Along the way we generalize classical results of Auslander and Ringel-Tachikawa from the early seventies, and results of Chen and Yoshino on the structure of Gorenstein-projective modules. Finally we study homological properties of (stable) relative Auslander algebras of virtually Gorenstein algebras of finite Cohen-Macaulay type and, under the presence of a cluster-tilting object, we give descriptions of the stable category of Gorenstein-projective modules in terms of suitable cluster categories.

Apostolos Beligiannis.; No.2; (2011); pp. 1973-2019

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Horizontal Visibility graphs generated by type-II intermittency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this contribution we study the onset of chaos via type-II intermittency within the framework of Horizontal Visibility graph theory. We construct graphs associated to time series generated by an iterated map close to a Neimark-Sacker bifurcation and study, both numerically and analytically, their main topological properties. We find well defined equivalences between the main statistical properties of intermittent series (scaling of laminar trends and Lyapunov exponent) and those of the resulting graphs, and accordingly construct a graph theoretical description of type-II intermittency. We finally recast this theory into a graph-theoretical renormalization group framework, and show that the fixed point structure of RG flow diagram separates regular, critical and chaotic dynamics.

Ángel M. Núñez; José Patricio Gómez; Lucas Lacasa

2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

442

Water cooled scavenged crankcase type otto internal combustion engine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a system for a water cooled scavenged crankcase type two-cycle internal combustion engine comprising: a heat reclaimation system for extracting heat from an engine jacket for heating water supplied form an add-on reservoir via a heat exchanger located within the engine cylinder cooling system, the water being subsequently additionally heated by an exhaust pipe type heat exchanger to a superheated steam state and thence conveyed by a conduit to a steam lubricator for adjustably conveying in variably timed spaced succession intervals of regulated droplets of high viscous oil, fortified with adde graphite and tallow enrichment lubricant ingredients, and thence conveying such by steam at atmospheric pressure into an intake manifold which receives a carbureted air/fuel mixture into the crankcase via a manually operated auxiliary air intake device and way check valve and fire screen, due to suction effect of the piston up stroke action of the piston during engine operation.

Bidwell, H.

1988-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

443

Learning from the scatter in type ia supernovae  

SciTech Connect

Type Ia Supernovae are standard candles so their mean apparent magnitude has been exploited to learn about the redshift-distance relationship. Besides intrinsic scatter in this standard candle, additional scatter is caused by gravitational magnification by large scale structure. Here they probe the dependence of this dispersion on cosmological parameters and show that information about the amplitude of clustering, {sigma}{sub s}, is contained in the scatter. In principle, it will be possible to constrain {sigma}{sub s} to within 5% with observations of 2000 Type Ia Supernovae. They identify three sources of systematic error--evolution of intrinsic scatter, baryon contributions to lensing, and non-Gaussianity of lensing--which will make this measurement difficult.

Dodelson, Scott; /Fermilab /Chicago U., Astron. Astrophys. Ctr.; Vallinotto, Alberto; /Fermilab /Chicago U.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Schwinger type processes via branes and their gravity duals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider Schwinger type processes involving the creation of the charge and monopole pairs in the external fields and propose interpretation of these processes via corresponding brane configurations in Type IIB string theory. We suggest simple description of some new interesting nonperturbative processes like monopole/dyon transitions in the electric field and W-boson decay in the magnetic field using the brane language. Nonperturbative pair production in the strong coupling regime using the AdS/CFT correspondence is studied. The treatment of the similar processes in the noncommutative theories when noncommutativity is traded for the background fields is presented and the possible role of the critical magnetic field which is S-dual to the critical electric field is discussed.

A. S. Gorsky; K. A. Saraikin; K. G. Selivanov

2001-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

445

Schwinger type processes via branes and their gravity duals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider Schwinger type processes involving the creation of the charge and monopole pairs in the external fields and propose interpretation of this processes via corresponding brane configurations in Type IIB string theory. We suggest simple description of some new interesting nonperturbative processes like monopole/dyon transitions in the electric field and W-boson decay in the magnetic field using the brane language. Nonperturbative pair production in the strong coupling regime using the AdS/CFT correspondence is studied. The treatment of the similar processes in the noncommutative theories where noncommutativity is traded for the background fields is presented and the possible role of the critical magnetic field which is S-dual to the critical electric field is discussed.

Gorsky, A S; Selivanov, K G

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Aeroelastic analysis of the troposkien-type wind turbine  

SciTech Connect

The testing of troposkien-type wind turbines has indicated that under certain conditions serious vibrations of the blades can occur, involving flatwise bending, torsion, and chordwise bending. It is the purpose of this report to perform an aeroelastic analysis of the stability of the coupled bending and torsional motion of such blades with a view to determining the cause of these vibrations as a means of suppressing them. The emphasis of the analysis is on obtaining physical understanding rather than exact numerical results. The effect of extreme variation of the chordwise location of the section center of gravity of troposkien-type rotor blades was found to be negligible with regard to blade flutter. This conclusion implies that chordwise mass balancing of the blades is not required, with consequent large reductions in blade design and manufacturing requirements, and therefore in blade cost.

Ham, N.D.

1977-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Explosive hydrogen burning during type I X-ray bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Explosive hydrogen burning in type I X-ray bursts (XRBs) comprise charged particle reactions creating isotopes with masses up to A~100. Since charged particle reactions in a stellar environment are very temperature sensitive, we use a realistic time-dependent general relativistic and self-consistent model of type I x-ray bursts to provide accurate values of the burst temperatures and densities. This allows a detailed and accurate time-dependent identification of the reaction flow from the surface layers through the convective region and the ignition region to the neutron star ocean. Using this, we determine the relative importance of specific nuclear reactions in the X-ray burst.

Jacob Lund Fisker; Hendrik Schatz; Friedrich-Karl Thielemann

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

448

SPECIFICATIONS AND FABRICATION PROCEDURES FOR TYPE 3 FUEL ELEMENTS  

SciTech Connect

Process and product requirements to be met in the fabrication of Type 3 fuel elements are presented. The fuel elements specified consist of thin plates of a dispersion of highly enriched UO/sub 2/ and ZrB/sub 2/ in a stainless steel matrix which is clad with stainless steel on all surfaces. Quality assurance provisions are discussed. Process and material specifications and packaging and packing for shipment are described. Sample calculations and drawings are included. (M.C.G.)

Edgar, E.C.; Clayton, H.R.

1962-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

449

Coaxial Coupling Scheme for TESLA/ILC-type Cavities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports about our efforts to develop a flangeable coaxial coupler for both HOM and fundamental coupling for 9-cell TESLA/ILC-type cavities. The cavities were designed in early 90‘s for pulsed operation with a low duty factor, less than 1 %. The proposed design of the coupler has been done in a way, that the magnetic flux B at the flange connection is minimized and only a field of TESLA/ILC operation conditions.

J.K. Sekutowicz, P. Kneisel

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

THE DIFFUSE GAMMA-RAY BACKGROUND FROM TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE  

SciTech Connect

The origin of the diffuse extragalactic gamma-ray background (EGB) has been intensively studied but remains unsettled. Current popular source candidates include unresolved star-forming galaxies, starburst galaxies, and blazars. In this paper, we calculate the EGB contribution from the interactions of cosmic rays accelerated by Type Ia supernovae (SNe), extending earlier work that only included core-collapse SNe. We consider Type Ia events not only in star-forming galaxies, but also in quiescent galaxies that lack star formation. In the case of star-forming galaxies, consistently including Type Ia events makes little change to the star-forming EGB prediction, so long as both SN types have the same cosmic-ray acceleration efficiencies in star-forming galaxies. Thus, our updated EGB estimate continues to show that star-forming galaxies can represent a substantial portion of the signal measured by Fermi. In the case of quiescent galaxies, conversely, we find a wide range of possibilities for the EGB contribution. The dominant uncertainty we investigated comes from the mass in hot gas in these objects, which provides targets for cosmic rays; total gas masses are as yet poorly known, particularly at larger radii. Additionally, the EGB estimation is very sensitive to the cosmic-ray acceleration efficiency and confinement, especially in quiescent galaxies. In the most optimistic allowed scenarios, quiescent galaxies can be an important source of the EGB. In this case, star-forming galaxies and quiescent galaxies together will dominate the EGB and leave little room for other contributions. If other sources, such as blazars, are found to have important contributions to the EGB, then either the gas mass or cosmic-ray content of quiescent galaxies must be significantly lower than in their star-forming counterparts. In any case, improved Fermi EGB measurements will provide important constraints on hot gas and cosmic rays in quiescent galaxies.

Lien, Amy; Fields, Brian D. [Department of Physics, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)

2012-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

451

Advanced Benchmarking for Complex Building Types: Laboratories as an Exemplar  

SciTech Connect

Complex buildings such as laboratories, data centers and cleanrooms present particular challenges for energy benchmarking because it is difficult to normalize special requirements such as health and safety in laboratories and reliability (i.e., system redundancy to maintain uptime) in data centers which significantly impact energy use. For example, air change requirements vary widely based on the type of work being performed in each laboratory space. We present methods and tools for energy benchmarking in laboratories, as an exemplar of a complex building type. First, we address whole building energy metrics and normalization parameters. We present empirical methods based on simple data filtering as well as multivariate regression analysis on the Labs21 database. The regression analysis showed lab type, lab-area ratio and occupancy hours to be significant variables. Yet the dataset did not allow analysis of factors such as plug loads and air change rates, both of which are critical to lab energy use. The simulation-based method uses an EnergyPlus model to generate a benchmark energy intensity normalized for a wider range of parameters. We suggest that both these methods have complementary strengths and limitations. Second, we present"action-oriented" benchmarking, which extends whole-building benchmarking by utilizing system-level features and metrics such as airflow W/cfm to quickly identify a list of potential efficiency actions which can then be used as the basis for a more detailed audit. While action-oriented benchmarking is not an"audit in a box" and is not intended to provide the same degree of accuracy afforded by an energy audit, we demonstrate how it can be used to focus and prioritize audit activity and track performance at the system level. We conclude with key principles that are more broadly applicable to other complex building types.

Mathew, Paul A.; Clear, Robert; Kircher, Kevin; Webster, Tom; Lee, Kwang Ho; Hoyt, Tyler

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

A geometrical loophole in Bell-type inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We point out a possible loophole in the derivation of the Bell inequalities that have been used in connection with the experiments of Aspect {\\em et al.} to claim that quantum mechanics (QM) cannot be a hidden-variables theory. We provide a very simple hidden-variable derivation for a probability of the type ${1\\over{2}} \\cos^{2}(\\Psi_{12})$ that occurs in the experiments of Aspect {\\em et al.}

G. Coddens

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

453

Large deviations principles of Non-Freidlin-Wentzell type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generalized Large deviation principles of Non-Freidlin-Wentzell type was developed for weakly time inhomogeneous diffusions prove to be key tools for a treatment of the problem of diffusion exit from a domain and thus for the approach of stochastic resonance via transition probabilities between meta-stable states. We expand the classical theory of large deviations for randomly perturbed dynamical systems developed by Freidlin and Wentzell.

Jaykov Foukzon

2008-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

454

Particle? and photoinduced conductivity in type?IIa diamonds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical characteristics associated with radiation detection were measured on single?crystal natural type?IIa diamond using two techniques: charged particle?induced conductivity and time?resolved transient photoinduced conductivity. The two techniques complement each other: The charged particle?induced conductivity technique measures the product of the carrier mobility ? and lifetime ? throughout the bulk of the material while the transient photoconductivity technique measures the carrier mobility and lifetime independently at the first few micrometers of the materialsurface. For each technique

L. S. Pan; S. Han; D. R. Kania; S. Zhao; K. K. Gan; H. Kagan; R. Kass; R. Malchow; F. Morrow; W. F. Palmer; C. White; S. K. Kim; F. Sannes; S. Schnetzer; R. Stone; G. B. Thomson; Y. Sugimoto; A. Fry; S. Kanda; S. Olsen; M. Franklin; J. W. Ager III; P. Pianetta

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

High-resolution, cryogenic, side-entry type specimen stage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-resolution, cryogenic side-entry type specimen stage includes a copper block within which a specimen can be positioned in the electron beam of an electron microscope, one end of the copper block constituting a specimen heat exchanger, means for directing a flow of helium at cryogenic temperature into the heat exchanger, and electrical leads running from the specimen to the exterior of the microscope for four point D.C. electrical resistivity measurements.

King, Wayne E. (Woodridge, IL); Merkle, Karl L. (Clarendon Hills, IL)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Corrosion Effects and Prevention in Pipe-Type Cable Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the initial stages of a project on detecting and monitoring coating-system flaw development in pipe-type cable through novel methods of electrochemistry. One key preliminary accomplishment was the development of a way to create flaws of known size and location in sample pipes to make it possible to evaluate new techniques to detect disbonded coatings in the field.BackgroundDisbonded coating systems on ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

457

Investigating the Flame Microstructure in Type Ia Supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a numerical model to study the behavior of thermonuclear flames in the discontinuity approximation. This model is applied to investigate the Landau-Darrieus instability under conditions found in Type Ia supernova explosions of Chandrasekhar mass white dwarfs. This is a first step to explore the flame microstructure in these events. The model reproduces Landau's linearized stability analysis in early stages of the flame evolution and the stabilization in a cellular flame structure in the nonlinear stage.

F. K. Roepke; W. Hillebrandt; J. C. Niemeyer

2002-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

458

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Table L2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

L2. Floorspace Lit by Lighting Types (Non-Mall Buildings), 1999 L2. Floorspace Lit by Lighting Types (Non-Mall Buildings), 1999 Floorspace (million square feet) Total (Lit or Unlit) in All Buildings Total (Lit or Unlit) in Buildings With Any Lighting Lighted Area Only Area Lit by Each Type of Light Incan- descent Standard Fluor-escent Compact Fluor- escent High Intensity Discharge Halogen All Buildings* ............................. 61,707 58,693 49,779 6,496 37,150 3,058 5,343 1,913 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ............................ 6,750 5,836 4,878 757 3,838 231 109 162 5,001 to 10,000 .......................... 7,940 7,166 5,369 1,044 4,073 288 160 109 10,001 to 25,000 ....................... 10,534 9,773 7,783 1,312 5,712 358 633 232 25,001 to 50,000 ....................... 8,709 8,452 6,978 953 5,090 380 771 281

459

Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Utility Energy Service  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts Types of Utility Energy Service Contracts Several types of contracts are used as utility energy service contracts (UESCs). Many agency sites procure electricity services under a contract with the local utility, and most of these contracts have provisions that can also cover energy efficiency projects. Agencies not covered by such agreements may enter contracts with the utility for the sole purpose of implementing energy projects. Agency staff will want to first find out whether their facility is already covered under a UESC. Using an existing contract that is familiar to the agency and the utility is typically the most expeditious means of getting projects done. Areawide Contracts Areawide contracts (AWCs) are blanket contracts, which are essentially indefinite-delivery, indefinite-quantity (IDIQ) contracts for public utility services. The contract outlines general terms and conditions and authorizes any agency in the utility's service territory to place delivery orders for services offered under the contract. The order describes the details and technical specifications for the energy efficiency project or other services to be delivered.

460

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Table L1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

L1. Floorspace Lit by Lighting Type for Non-Mall Buildings, 1995 L1. Floorspace Lit by Lighting Type for Non-Mall Buildings, 1995 Floorspace (million square feet) Total (Lit or Unlit) in All Buildings Total (Lit or Unlit) in Buildings With Any Lighting Lighted Area Only Area Lit by Each Type of Light Incan- descent Standard Fluor-escent Compact Fluor- escent High Intensity Discharge Halogen All Buildings*........................ 54,068 51,570 45,773 6,746 34,910 1,161 3,725 779 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000....................... 6,272 5,718 4,824 986 3,767 50 22 54 5,001 to 10,000.................... 7,299 6,667 5,728 1,240 4,341 61 169 45 10,001 to 25,000.................. 10,829 10,350 8,544 1,495 6,442 154 553 Q 25,001 to 50,000.................. 7,170 7,022 6,401 789 5,103 151 485 86

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type poo pou" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--CBECS Building Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Description of CBECS Building Types Description of CBECS Building Types Description of CBECS Building Types In the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), buildings are classified according to principal activity, which is the primary business, commerce, or function carried on within each building. Buildings used for more than one of the activities described below are assigned to the activity occupying the most floorspace at the time of the interview. Thus, a building assigned to a particular principal activity category may be used for other activities in a portion of its space or at some time during the year. In the 1999 CBECS, respondents were asked to place their building into a sub-category that was a more specific activity than has been collected in prior surveys. This was done to ensure the quality of the data; after data collection, the sub-categories were combined into the more general categories that are found in the detailed tables. These categories are consistent with prior years.

462

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Table L3  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

L3. Floorspace Lit by Lighting Type (Non-Mall Buildings), 2003 L3. Floorspace Lit by Lighting Type (Non-Mall Buildings), 2003 Floorspace (million square feet) Total (Lit or Unlit) in All Buildings Total (Lit or Unlit) in Buildings With Any Lighting Lighted Area Only Area Lit by Each Type of Light Incan- descent Standard Fluor-escent Compact Fluor- escent High Intensity Discharge Halogen All Buildings*............................. 64,783 62,060 51,342 5,556 37,918 4,004 4,950 2,403 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000............................. 6,789 6,038 4,826 678 3,932 206 76 124 5,001 to 10,000........................... 6,585 6,090 4,974 739 3,829 192 238 248 10,001 to 25,000........................ 11,535 11,229 8,618 1,197 6,525 454 506 289 25,001 to 50,000........................ 8,668 8,297 6,544 763 4,971 527 454 240

463

Reactor closure design for a pool-type fast reactor  

SciTech Connect

The reactor closure is the topmost structural part of a reactor module. For a pool-type fast reactor it is an especially important structure because it provides the interface between the primary coolant system and the main access area above the closure. The reactor closure comprises a stationary deck, a rotatable plug, the boundary elements of primary system and containment penetrations for equipment and auxiliary systems. This paper evaluates two different reactor closure design concepts, referred to as ''warm'' deck and ''hot'' deck, for a pool-type fast reactor with respect to their design features, technical merits, and economic benefits. The evaluation also includes functional, structural, and thermal analyses of the two deck design concepts. Issues related to their fabrication and shipping to the plant site are also addressed. The warm deck is a thick solid steel plate with under-the-deck insulation consisting of many layers of steel plates. The hot deck is a box-type structure consisting of a bottom plate reinforced with vertical ribs and cylinders. For insulation and radiation shielding, the region of the hot deck above the bottom plate is filled with steel balls. Conventional insulation is added on the top to further reduce heat loss into area above the deck. The design choice of the closure deck is strongly dependent on design features of the reactor; especially on the reactor module support. While the warm deck is preferable with the top support, the hot deck is better suited for the bottom support design of the module.

Chung, H.; Seidensticker, R.W.; Kann, W.J.; Bump, T.R.; Schatmeier, C.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

KO-Homology and Type I String Theory.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the classification of D-branes and Ramond-Ramond fields in Type I string theory by developing a geometric description of KO-homology. We define an analytic version of KO-homology using KK-theory of real C*-algebras, and construct explicitly the isomorphism between geometric and analytic KO-homology. The construction involves recasting the Cl(n)-index theorem and a certain geometric invariant into a homological framework which is used, along with a definition of the real Chern character in KO-homology, to derive cohomological index formulas. We show that this invariant also naturally assigns torsion charges to non-BPS states in Type I string theory, in the construction of classes of D-branes in terms of topological KO-cycles. The formalism naturally captures the coupling of Ramond-Ramond fields to background D-branes which cancel global anomalies in the string theory path integral. We show that this is related to a physical interpretation of bivariant KK-theory in terms of decay processes on spacetime-filling branes. We also provide a construction of the holonomies of Ramond-Ramond fields in Type II string theory in terms of topological K-chains.

465

Development of an Air Transport Type A Fissile Package  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the summary of testing by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to support development of a light weight (<140 lbs) air transport qualified Type A Fissile Packaging. The package design incorporates features and materials specifically designed to minimize packaging weight. The light weight package is being designed to provide confinement to the contents when subjected to the normal and hypothetical conditions required of an air transportable Type A Fissile radioactive material shipping package. The objective of these tests was to provide design input to the final design for the LORX Type A Fissile Air Transport Packaging when subjected to the performance requirements of the drop, crush and puncture probe test of 10CFR71. The post test evaluation of the prototype packages indicates that all of the tested designs would satisfactorily confine the content within the packaging. The differences in the performance of the prototypes varied significantly depending on the core materials and their relative densities. Information gathered from these tests is being used to develop the final design for the Department of Homeland Security.

Blanton, P.; Ebert, K.

2011-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

466

Contrasting Eastern-Pacific and Central-Pacific Types of ENSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface observations and subsurface ocean assimilation datasets are examined to contrast two distinct types of El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the tropical Pacific: an eastern-Pacific (EP) type and a central-Pacific (CP) type. An analysis ...

Hsun-Ying Kao; Jin-Yi Yu

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Thermal Instability of Olivine-type LiMnPO4 Cathodes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermal Instability of Olivine-type LiMnPO4 Cathodes Title Thermal Instability of Olivine-type LiMnPO4 Cathodes Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2010 Authors...

468

Electrical and optical properties of p-type InN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and optical properties of p-type InN Marie A. Mayer 1,2 ,concentration. 1200 nm undoped, n-type InN reference samplefunction of temperature for p-type InN samples with varying

Mayer, M.A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Cell type differences in intrinsic membrane properties regulate responsiveness and energy consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hasenstaub, Callaway E. Cell-type differences in gammaA*, Callaway E. Cell type-specific control of neuronalOF THE DISSERTATION Cell Type Differences in Intrinsic

Otte, Stephani L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

P-type ATPase analysis in cyanobacteria and six miscellaneous bacterial phyla with fully sequenced genomes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Horizontal gene transfer of PIB-type ATPases among bacteriaenergy transduction of P-type ATPases. Biochim Biophys Actastructure and mechanism of P-type ATPases. Nat Rev Mol Cell

Babayan, Vardan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Cell type-specific analysis of gene expression in an in vitro model of neurogenesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cleary, M. D. (2008). "Cell type-specific analysis of mRNAcharacterization of CNS cell types." Cell 135(4): 738-748.2009). "TU-tagging: cell type-specific RNA isolation from

Tang, Sophia M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Type I Interferon is Not Just for Viruses: Cytosolic Sensing of Bacterial Nucleic Acids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Oldstone, M.B. (2007). Type I interferon during viralCutting edge: FimH adhesin of type 1 fimbriae is a novelTaniguchi, T. , et al. (2004). Type I interferon production

Monroe, Kathryn McGee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

P-type ATPases in the proteobacterial, bacteroidetes and fusobacterial phyla  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

specificities in the P-type ATPase Superfamily. J Mol Evol.and unique features of P-type ATPases: a comparative view onand M.H. Saier Jr. 1994. P-type ATPases of eukaryotes and

Kumar, Kris

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

WHAT DETERMINES THE SIZES OF RED EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES?  

SciTech Connect

The sizes of galaxies are known to be closely related with their masses, luminosities, redshifts, and morphologies. However, when we fix these quantities and morphology, we still find large dispersions in the galaxy size distribution. We investigate the origin of these dispersions for red early-type galaxies using two SDSS-based catalogs. We find that the sizes of faint galaxies (log (M{sub dyn}/M{sub Sun }) {approx}< 10.3 or {sup 0.1} M{sub r} {approx}> -19.5, where {sup 0.1} M{sub r} is the r-band absolute magnitude, k-corrected to z = 0.1) are affected more significantly by luminosity, while the sizes of bright galaxies (log (M{sub dyn}/M{sub Sun }) {approx}> 11.4 or {sup 0.1} M{sub r} {approx}< -21.4) are by dynamical mass. At fixed mass and luminosity, the sizes of low-mass galaxies (log (M{sub dyn}/M{sub Sun }) {approx} 10.45 and {sup 0.1} M{sub r} {approx} -19.8) are relatively less sensitive to their colors, color gradients, and axis ratios. On the other hand, the sizes of intermediate-mass (log (M{sub dyn}/M{sub Sun }) {approx} 10.85 and {sup 0.1} M{sub r} {approx} -20.4) and high-mass (log (M{sub dyn}/M{sub Sun }) {approx} 11.25 and {sup 0.1} M{sub r} {approx} -21.0) galaxies significantly depend on those parameters, in the sense that larger red early-type galaxies have bluer colors, more negative color gradients (bluer outskirts), and smaller axis ratios. These results indicate that the sizes of intermediate- and high-mass red early-type galaxies are significantly affected by their recent minor mergers or rotations, whereas the sizes of low-mass red early-type galaxies are affected by some other mechanisms. Major dry mergers also seem to have influenced on the size growth of high-mass red early-type galaxies.

Lee, Joon Hyeop; Kim, Minjin; Ree, Chang Hee; Kim, Sang Chul; Lee, Jong Chul; Lee, Hye-Ran; Jeong, Hyunjin; Seon, Kwang-Il; Kyeong, Jaemann [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of); Oh, Kyuseok, E-mail: jhl@kasi.re.kr [Department of Astronomy, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Photovoltaic Cell Having A P-Type Polycrystalline Layer With Large Crystals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic cell has an n-type polycrystalline layer and a p-type polycrystalline layer adjoining the n-type polycrystalline layer to form a photovoltaic junction. The p-type polycrystalline layer comprises a substantially planar layer portion having relatively large crystals adjoining the n-type polycrystalline layer. The planar layer portion includes oxidized impurities which contribute to obtainment of p-type electrical properties in the planar layer portion.

Albright, Scot P. (Lakewood, CO); Chamberlin, Rhodes R. (El Paso, TX)

1996-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

476

How much does it cost to build different types of power plants in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

How much does it cost to build different types of power plants in the United States? EIA publishes estimates for the capital costs for different types of electricity ...

477

The Assessment of Structural and Material Bone Qualities in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The risk of fracture is higher in adults with type 2 diabetes compared to controls without type 2 diabetes, despite normal or higher than… (more)

Pritchard, Janet M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

arXiv.org help - Computer Modern Postscript Fonts in Adobe Type...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computer Modern Postscript Fonts in Adobe Type I Format Postscript Type I fonts are device-independent and resolution-independent outline fonts for use in Postscript documents....

479

Missouri Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Wholesale/Resale Volume by ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes; Missouri Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Refiner Sales Volumes; Missouri Sales for Resale ...

480

New Mexico Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Wholesale/Resale Volume by ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes; New Mexico Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Refiner Sales Volumes; New Mexico Sales for Resale ...

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481

Structural Comparison of n-type and p-type LaAlO3/SrTiO3 Interfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a surface x-ray diffraction technique, we investigated the atomic structure of two types of interfaces between LaAlO{sub 3} and SrTiO{sub 3}, that is, p-type (SrO/AlO{sub 2}) and n-type (TiO{sub 2}/LaO) interfaces. Our results demonstrate that the SrTiO{sub 3} in the sample with the n-type interface has a large polarized region, while that with the p-type interface has a limited polarized region. In addition, the atomic intermixing was observed to extend deeper into STO substrate at the n-type interface than at the p-type. These differences result in different degrees of band bending, which likely contributes to the striking difference in electrical conductivity between the two types of interfaces.

Bell, Christopher

2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

482

A SPITZER SURVEY FOR DUST IN TYPE IIn SUPERNOVAE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent observations suggest that Type IIn supernovae (SNe IIn) may exhibit late-time (>100 days) infrared (IR) emission from warm dust more than other types of core-collapse SNe. Mid-IR observations, which span the peak of the thermal spectral energy distribution, provide useful constraints on the properties of the dust and, ultimately, the circumstellar environment, explosion mechanism, and progenitor system. Due to the low SN IIn rate (<10% of all core-collapse SNe), few IR observations exist for this subclass. The handful of isolated studies, however, show late-time IR emission from warm dust that, in some cases, extends for five or six years post-discovery. While previous Spitzer/IRAC surveys have searched for dust in SNe, none have targeted the Type IIn subclass. This paper presents results from a warm Spitzer/IRAC survey of the positions of all 68 known SNe IIn within a distance of 250 Mpc between 1999 and 2008 that have remained unobserved by Spitzer more than 100 days post-discovery. The detection of late-time emission from 10 targets ({approx}15%) nearly doubles the database of existing mid-IR observations of SNe IIn. Although optical spectra show evidence for new dust formation in some cases, the data show that in most cases the likely origin of the mid-IR emission is pre-existing dust, which is continuously heated by optical emission generated by ongoing circumstellar interaction between the forward shock and circumstellar medium. Furthermore, an emerging trend suggests that these SNe decline at {approx}1000-2000 days post-discovery once the forward shock overruns the dust shell. The mass-loss rates associated with these dust shells are consistent with luminous blue variable progenitors.

Fox, Ori D. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Chevalier, Roger A.; Skrutskie, Michael F. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Soderberg, Alicia M. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Filippenko, Alexei V.; Ganeshalingam, Mohan; Silverman, Jeffrey M.; Smith, Nathan; Steele, Thea N., E-mail: ori.d.fox@nasa.gov [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Radio emission from shell-type supernova remnants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The evolution of the radio emission of shell-type Supernova remnants (SNRs) is modeled within the framework of the simple and commonly used assumptions that the mechanism of diffusive shock acceleration (DSA) is responsible for generating radio emitting electrons and that the magnetic field is the typical interstellar field compressed at the shock. It is considered that electrons are injected into the mechanism in test-particle regime directly from the high energy tail of the downstream Maxwellian distribution function. The model can be applied to most of the observed SNRs. It is shown that the model successfully explains the many averaged observational properties of evolved shell-type SNRs. In particular, the radio surface brightness ($\\Sigma$) evolves with diameter as $\\sim D^{-(0.3 \\div 0.5)}$, while the bounding shock is strong (Mach number is ${\\mathcal M} \\geq10$), followed by steep decrease (steeper than $\\sim D^{-4.5}$) for ${\\cal M} environmental parameters strongly reduce the usefulness of $\\Sigma - D$ relations as a tool for determining the distances to SNRs. The model predicts no radio emission from SNRs in the late radiative stage of evolution and the existence of radio-quiet but relatively active SNRs is possible. Our model easily explains very large-diameter radio sources such as the Galactic Loops and the candidates for Hypernova radio remnants. The model predicts that most of the observed SNRs are located in a tenuous phase of the ISM. From the comparison of the model results with the statistics of evolved shell-type SNRs, we were able to estimate the fraction of electrons accelerated from the thermal pool in the range $(3\\div 11) \\times 10^{- 4}$.

Abdul Asvarov

2006-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

484

An interpretation of Robinson-Trautman type N solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Robinson-Trautman type N solutions, which describe expanding gravitational waves, are investigated for all possible values of the cosmological constant Lambda and the curvature parameter epsilon. The wave surfaces are always (hemi-)spherical, with successive surfaces displaced in a way which depends on epsilon. Explicit sandwich waves of this class are studied in Minkowski, de Sitter or anti-de Sitter backgrounds. A particular family of such solutions which can be used to represent snapping or decaying cosmic strings is considered in detail, and its singularity and global structure is presented.

J. B. Griffiths; J. Podolsky; P. Docherty

2002-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

485

A Dicke Type Model for Equilibrium BEC Superradiance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effect of electromagnetic radiation on the condensate of a Bose gas. In an earlier paper we considered the problem for two simple models showing the cooperative effect between Bose-Einstein condensation and superradiance. In this paper we formalise the model suggested by Ketterle et al in which the Bose condensate particles have a two level structure. We present a soluble microscopic Dicke type model describing a thermodynamically stable system. We find the equilibrium states of the system and compute the thermodynamic functions giving explicit formulae expressing the cooperative effect between Bose-Einstein condensation and superradiance.

Joseph V. Pule; Andre F. Verbeure; Valentin A. Zagrebnov

2004-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

486

Stream-injected free-turbine-type gas turbine  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an improvement in a free turbine type gas turbine. The turbine comprises: compressor means; a core turbine mechanically coupled with the compressor means to power it; a power turbine which is independent from the core turbine; and a combustion chamber for providing a heated working fluid; means for adding steam to the working fluid; means for providing a single flow path for the working fluid, first through the core turbine and then through the power turbine. The improvement comprises: means for preventing mismatch between the core turbine and the compressor due to the addition of steam comprising coupling a variable output load to the compressor.

Cheng, D.Y.

1990-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

487

Complete genome sequence of Acidimicrobium ferrooxidans type strain (ICPT)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acidimicrobium ferrooxidans (Clark and Norris 1996) is the sole and type species of the genus, which until recently was the only genus within the actinobacterial family Acidimicrobiaceae and in the order Acidomicrobiales. Rapid oxidation of iron pyrite during autotrophic growth in the absence of an enhanced CO2 concentration is characteristic for A. ferrooxidans. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the complete genome sequence, and annotation. This is the first complete genome sequence of the order Acidomicrobiales, and the 2,158,157 bp long single replicon genome with its 2038 protein coding and 54 RNA genes is part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.

Clum, Alicia; Nolan, Matt; Lang, Elke; Glavina Del Rio, Tijana; Tice, Hope; Copeland, Alex; Cheng, Jan-Fang; Lucas, Susan; Chen, Feng; Bruce, David; Goodwin, Lynne; Pitluck, Sam; Ivanova, Natalia; Mavrommatis, Konstantinos; Mikhailova, Natalia; Pati, Amrita; Chen, Amy; Palaniappan, Krishna; Goker, Markus; Spring, Stefan; Land, Miriam; Hauser, Loren; Chang, Yun-Juan; Jefferies, Cynthia C.; Chain, Patrick; Bristow, James; Eisen, Jonathan A.; Markowitz, Victor; Hugenholtz, Philip; Kyrpides, Nikos C.; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Lapidus, Alla

2009-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

488

FABRICATION OF TUBE TYPE FUEL ELEMENT FOR NUCLEAR REACTORS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of fabricating a nuclear reactor fuel element is given. It consists essentially of fixing two tubes in concentric relationship with respect to one another to provide an annulus therebetween, filling the annulus with a fissionablematerial-containing powder, compacting the powder material within the annulus and closing the ends thereof. The powder material is further compacted by swaging the inner surface of the inner tube to increase its diameter while maintaining the original size of the outer tube. This process results in reduced fabrication costs of powdered fissionable material type fuel elements and a substantial reduction in the peak core temperatures while materially enhancing the heat removal characteristics.

Loeb, E.; Nicklas, J.H.

1959-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Type-I superconductivity and neutron star precession  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Type-I proton superconducting cores of neutron stars break up in a magnetic field into alternating domains of superconducting and normal fluids. We examine two channels of superfluid-normal fluid friction where (i) rotational vortices are decoupled from the non-superconducting domains and the interaction is due to the strong force between protons and neutrons; (ii) the non-superconducting domains are dynamically coupled to the vortices and the vortex motion generates transverse electric fields within them, causing electronic current flow and Ohmic dissipation. The obtained dissipation coefficients are consistent with the Eulerian precession.

Armen Sedrakian

2004-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

490

Weyl type bound on positive Interior Transmission Eigenvalues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper contains a lower bound of the Weyl type on the counting function of the positive eigenvalues of the interior transmission eigenvalue problem which justifies the existence of an infinite set of positive interior transmission eigenvalues. We consider the classical transmission problem as well as the case where the inhomogeneous medium contains an obstacle. One of the essential components of the proof is an estimate for the D-t-N operator for the Helmholtz equation for positive $\\lambda$ that replaces the standard parameter-elliptic estimate valid outside of the positive semi-axis.

Evgeny Lakshtanov; Boris Vainberg

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

491

Towards High Performance p-Type Transparent Conducting Oxides  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

P-type transparent conductive oxides would have potential applications in photovoltaics, transparent electronics and organic opto-electronics. In this paper we present results on the synthesis of Cu2SrO2, a p-type transparent conducting oxide, by a chemical solution route as well as the conventional pulse laser deposition (PLD) method. For Cu2SrO2 by the chemical solution route, samples were made by spraying deposition on quartz substrates using an aqueous solution of Copper formate and Strontium acetate. Phase pure materials were obtained by an optimum two stage annealing sequence. This initial work led to the development of good quality homogeneous films by a related sol-gel approach. We have also used pulsed laser depostion (PLD) to deposit Cu2SrO2 and CuInO2 thin films on quartz substrates. We have obtained improved conductivities in the CuInO2 thin films over previously published work. We present details on the nature of the relationship of process parameters to the opto-electronic properties of the films.

Roy, B.; Ode, A.; Readey, D.; Perkins, J.; Parilla, P.; Teplin, C.; Kaydanova, T.; Miedaner, A.; Curtis, C.; Martinson, A.; Coutts, T.; Ginley, D.; Hosono, H.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

High Capacity Pouch-Type Li-air Batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The pouch-type Li-air batteries operated in ambient condition are reported in this work. The battery used a heat sealable plastic membrane as package material, O2¬ diffusion membrane and moisture barrier. The large variation in internal resistance of the batteries is minimized by a modified separator which can bind the cell stack together. The cells using the modified separators show improved and repeatable discharge performances. It is also found that addition of about 20% of 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME) in PC:EC (1:1) based electrolyte solvent improves can improve the wetability of carbon electrode and the discharge capacities of Li-air batteries, but further increase in DME amount lead to a decreased capacity due to increase electrolyte loss during discharge process. The pouch-type Li-air batteries with the modified separator and optimized electrolyte has demonstrated a specific capacity of 2711 mAh g-1 based on carbon and a specific energy of 344 Wh kg-1 based on the complete batteries including package.

Wang, Deyu; Xiao, Jie; Xu, Wu; Zhang, Jiguang

2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

493

Type Iax Supernovae: A New Class of Stellar Explosion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe observed properties of the Type Iax class of supernovae (SNe Iax), consisting of SNe observationally similar to its prototypical member, SN 2002cx. The class currently has 25 members, and we present optical photometry and/or optical spectroscopy for most of them. SNe Iax are spectroscopically similar to SNe Ia, but have lower maximum-light velocities (2000 M_V,peak > -18.9 mag), and most have hot photospheres. Relative to SNe Ia, SNe Iax have low luminosities for their light-curve shape. There is a correlation between luminosity and light-curve shape, similar to that of SNe Ia, but offset from that of SNe Ia and with larger scatter. Despite a host-galaxy morphology distribution that is highly skewed to late-type galaxies without any SNe Iax discovered in elliptical galaxies, there are several indications that the progenitor stars are white dwarfs (WDs): evidence of C/O burning in their maximum-light spectra, low ejecta masses, strong Fe lines in their late-time spectra, a lack of X-ray detections...

Foley, Ryan J; Chornock, R; Ganeshalingam, M; Li, W; Marion, G H; Morrell, N I; Pignata, G; Stritzinger, M D; Silverman, J M; Wang, X; Anderson, J P; Filippenko, A V; Freedman, W L; Hamuy, M; Jha, S W; Kirshner, R P; McCully, C; Persson, S E; Phillips, M M; Reichart, D E; Soderberg, A M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Reflections on Reflexions: I. Light Echoes in Type Ia Supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the last ten years, observational evidences about a possible connection between Type Ia Supernovae (SNe) properties and the environment where they explode have been steadily growing. In this paper I discuss, from a theoretical point of view but with an observer's perspective, the usage of light echoes (LEs) to probe the CSM around SNe of Type Ia since, in principle, they give us a unique opportunity of getting a three-dimensional description of the SN environment. In turn, this can be used to check the often suggested association of some Ia's with dusty/star forming regions, which would point to a young population for the progenitors. After giving a brief introduction to the LE phenomenon in single scattering approximation, I derive analytical and numerical solutions for the optical light and colour curves for a few simple dust geometries. A fully 3D multiple scattering treatment has also been implemented in a Monte Carlo code, which I have used to investigate the effects of multiple scattering. In particu...

Patat, F

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Overall plant concept for a tank-type fast reactor  

SciTech Connect

Japanese nuclear industries are expressing interest in the merits of the tank-type FBR as a large plant (demonstration) after JOYO (experimental, in operation) and MONJU (prototype, under construction). In response to this growing interest in a tank-type FBR demonstration plant, Hitachi has initiated a conceptual study of a 1000 MWe tank plant concept in collaboration with GE and Bechtel. Key objectives of this study have been: to select reliable and competitive tank plant concepts, with emphases on a seismic-resistant and compact tank reactor system;to select reliable shutdown heat removal system;and to identify R and D items needed for early 1990s construction. Design goals were defined as follows: capital costs must be less than twice, and as close as practical to 1.5 those of equivalent LWR plants;earthquake resistant structures to meet stringent Japanese seismic conditions must be as simple and reliable as practical;safety must be maintained at LWR-equivalent risks;and R and D needs must be limited to minimum cost for the limited time allowed. This paper summarizes the overall plant concepts with some selected topics, whereas detailed descriptions of the reactor assembly and the layout design are found in separate papers.

Yamaki, Hideo; Davies, S.M.; Goodman, L.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Yearly average performance of the principal solar collector types  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The results of hour-by-hour simulations for 26 meteorological stations are used to derive universal correlations for the yearly total energy that can be delivered by the principal solar collector types: flat plate, evacuated tubes, CPC, single- and dual-axis tracking collectors, and central receiver. The correlations are first- and second-order polynomials in yearly average insolation, latitude, and threshold (= heat loss/optical efficiency). With these correlations, the yearly collectible energy can be found by multiplying the coordinates of a single graph by the collector parameters, which reproduces the results of hour-by-hour simulations with an accuracy (rms error) of 2% for flat plates and 2% to 4% for concentrators. This method can be applied to collectors that operate year-around in such a way that no collected energy is discarded, including photovoltaic systems, solar-augmented industrial process heat systems, and solar thermal power systems. The method is also recommended for rating collectors of different type or manufacturer by yearly average performance, evaluating the effects of collector degradation, the benefits of collector cleaning, and the gains from collector improvements (due to enhanced optical efficiency or decreased heat loss per absorber surface). For most of these applications, the method is accurate enough to replace a system simulation.

Rabl, A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Use of a gravity type oil separator for tanker operations  

SciTech Connect

The need to control the oil content in ballast and tank-cleaning discharges to meet increasingly stringent seawater pollution standards has led to the development of a gravity-type separator capable of handling up to 300 tons/hr of oily ballast water. When properly handled, these separators enable the tanker operator to clean tanks and process oily ballast with an oil content of up to 100% without fear of contamination of the seas. This continuous and automatic operation is unaffected by normal movements. The recovered oil is available for burning as fuel aboard ship, load-on-top or disposal ashore. Separators of this type have been in use on three 70,000 dwt ships, for periods of 1 to 3 yr. On typical voyages, a ship of this size can recover enough slop oil to provide one day or more of bunkers, if the ship is equipped to burn the recovered oil. The ship's crew is trained to carry out analysis of the oil to determine if the oil can be burned onboard immediately following separation or must be treated to drop out salt and/or water prior to burning. Several typical ballast voyages using the separator are discussed. The overboard discharge of water from the separator is analyzed to assure compliance with current pollution regulations.

Lockwood, W.H.; Norris, R.O.

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Investigation on thermal performance calculation of two type solar air collectors using artificial neural network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, two types of solar air collectors are constructed and examined experimentally. The types are called as zigzagged absorber surface type and flat absorber surface type called Model I and Model II respectively. Experiments are carried out ... Keywords: ANN, Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm, Solar air collector, Thermal performance

Murat Caner; Engin Gedik; Ali Keçeba?

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

The Hartman-Grobman theorem for Carathéodory-type differential equations in Banach spaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: Carathéodory-type equations, Hartman-Grobman theorem, integral manifolds, measurable time dependence, topological equivalence

Bernd Aulbach; Thomas Wanner

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Declaring and checking non-null types in an object-oriented language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distinguishing non-null references from possibly-null references at the type level can detect null-related errors in object-oriented programs at compile-time. This paper gives a proposal for retrofitting a language such as C# or Java with non-null types. ... Keywords: Java, c#, non-null types, null references, type system

Manuel Fähndrich; K. Rustan M. Leino

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z