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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Analysis of the Current Signature in a Constant-Volume Combustion...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis of the Current Signature in a Constant-Volume Combustion Chamber Title Analysis of the Current Signature in a Constant-Volume Combustion Chamber Publication Type Journal...

2

Supply Fan Control for Constant Air Volume Air Handling Units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since terminal boxes do not have a modulation damper in constant volume (CV) air handling unit (AHU) systems, zone reheat coils have to be modulated to maintain the space temperature with constant supply airflow. This conventional control sequence causes a significant amount of reheat and constant fan power under partial load conditions. Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs) can be installed on these constant air volume systems. The fan speed can be modulated based on the maximum zone load. This paper present the procedure to control the supply fan speed and analyzes the thermal performance and major fan energy and thermal energy savings without expensive VAV retrofit through the actual system operation.

Cho, Y.; Wang, G.; Liu, M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

High Temperature, Large Sample Volume, Constant Flow Magic Angle Spinning NMR Probe for a 11  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High Temperature, Large Sample Volume, Constant Flow Magic Angle Spinning NMR Probe for a High Temperature, Large Sample Volume, Constant Flow Magic Angle Spinning NMR Probe for a 11.7 T Magnetic Field for In Situ Catalytic Reaction Characterization Project start date: April 1, 2007 EMSL Lead Investigator: Joseph Ford, EMSL High Field Magnetic Resonance Facility Co-investigators: Jian Zhi Hu, Macromolecular Structure and Dynamics, Biological Science Division, FCSD Jesse Sears and David W. Hoyt, EMSL High Field Magnetic Resonance Facility Detailed understanding of the mechanisms involved in a catalytic reaction requires identification of the nature of the active sites and the temporal evolution of reaction intermediates. Although optical methods such as UV-visible and infrared (IR) spectroscopies can be used for some types of reactions, these do not

4

Finite volume schemes for Boussinesq type equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite volume schemes are commonly used to construct approximate solutions to conservation laws. In this study we extend the framework of the finite volume methods to dispersive water wave models, in particular to Boussinesq type systems. We focus mainly on the application of the method to bidirectional nonlinear, dispersive wave propagation in one space dimension. Special emphasis is given to important nonlinear phenomena such as solitary waves interactions.

Dutykh, Denys; Mitsotakis, Dimitrios

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Trapped Lee Waves Observed during PYREX by Constant Volume Balloons: Comparison with Meso-NH Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main objective of the present paper is the use of a constant volume balloon (CVB) as a tool to (i) study trapped lee waves and (ii) assess the forecasting capability of a nonhydrostatic numerical model. Then, CVB data obtained during the ...

Ernest N’Dri Koffi; Marc Georgelin; Bruno Benech; Evelyne Richard

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Control Humidity With Single-Duct, Single-Zone, Constant Air Volume System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The lecture hall of the Richardson Petroleum Building at Texas A&M University is a large lecture hall, with a total floor area of approximately 2500 ft^2. The lecture hall was served by a constant air volume (CAV) air handling unit (AHU) which had no reheat coil. This resulted in high room humidity levels although the room temperature was satisfied for part load conditions, especially when there was very little sensible load from the room. This paper presents Continuous Commissioning efforts (CC), which turned this inefficient, humid lecture hall into a comfortable learning environment. This case study also explores other possibilities to solve the humidity control problem with single-duct, single-zone constant air volume systems.

Chen, H.; Deng, S.; Bruner, H. L.; Claridge, D. E.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Performance Analysis of Dual-Fan, Dual-Duct Constant Volume Air-Handling Units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dual-fan, dual-duct air-handling units introduce outside air directly into the cooling duct and use two variable speed devices to independently maintain the static pressure of the hot and the cold air ducts. Analytical models have been developed to compare fan power and thermal energy consumption of dualfan, dual-duct constant volume air-handling units with single-fan, dual-duct constant volume airhandling units. This study shows that the dual-fan, dual-duct system uses less fan power and less thermal energy during winter, and uses more thermal energy during summer. Thermal energy performance can be significantly improved if the thermal energy penalty can be decreased or eliminated.

Joo, I. S.; Liu, M.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

9

Research on Fuzzy Regulation Strategies in the Constant Air Volume Air Conditioning System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy consumption of the constant air volume (CAV) system largely depends on the regulation strategies. Although some air conditioning systems are equipped with automatic regulation devices, others lack effective regulation strategies. To avoid wasting energy and presenting simple regulation methods, fuzzy regulation strategies for CAV systems are studied in this research. A CAV system of an office building is modeled and simulated with the Designer's Simulation Toolkit (DeST). The operating parameters are calculated based on the instantaneous load obtained from simulation. The operation of the system is divided into five stages according to different conception of “cold” or “hot” in different seasons. The relationship between the outdoor air temperature and the fresh air volume, and the supply air temperature is presented in the form of fuzzy rules. Then the building is simulated under different load conditions and the operating parameters are obtained from fuzzy reasoning. Finally, the effect of fuzzy strategies on energy consumption is analyzed and compared with the effects of the operating parameters obtained from simulation. The results show that energy consumption using a fuzzy regulation strategy is close to the energy consumption of knowing the exact load of the building, while the fuzzy regulation strategy can largely simplify the regulation of the air conditioning system.

Bai, T.; Zhang, J.; Ning, N.; Tong, K.; Wu, Y.; Wang, H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

On the reduction principle for differential equations with piecewise constant argument of generalized type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce a new type of differential equations with piecewise constant argument (EPCAG), more general than EPCA. The Reduction Principle is proved for EPCAG. The structure of the set of solutions is specified. We establish also the existence of global integral manifolds of quasilinear EPCAG in the so called critical case and investigate the stability of the zero solution.

M. U. Akhmet

2006-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

11

Missouri Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Wholesale/Resale Volume by ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes; Missouri Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Refiner Sales Volumes; Missouri Sales for Resale ...

12

New Mexico Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Wholesale/Resale Volume by ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes; New Mexico Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Refiner Sales Volumes; New Mexico Sales for Resale ...

13

Single-Duct Constant Air Volume System Supply Air Temperature Reset: Using Return Air Temperature or Outside Air Temperature?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The supply air temperature set point for a singleduct constant air volume air handling unit (AHU) system is often reset based on either return air temperature or outside air temperature in order to reduce simultaneous cooling and heating energy consumption. Both reset strategies make engineering sense as long as the reset schedules are reasonable. Quite often the decision to use one over the other is made with the assumption that they will all achieve some sorts of energy savings. However, the impact of these two strategies on AHU energy consumption could be very different. A comparison of these two commonly used supply air temperature reset strategies for a single-duct constant air volume system is presented in this paper. It is shown that from either the building energy consumption or building comfort point of view, the reset strategy based on outside air temperature is inherently better than that based on return air temperature. Significant amount of heating energy savings can be achieved by switching from return air temperature based reset to outside air temperature based reset. The reset strategy can also benefit variable air volume (VAV) AHUs. An improved supply air temperature set point reset control strategy is proposed by combining and staging the outside air and return air temperature based resets.

Wei, G.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D.; Liu, M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Limits on the Time Variation of the Fermi Constant G_F Based on Type Ia Supernova Observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The light curve of a type Ia supernova decays at a rate set by the beta-decay lifetimes of the Ni-56 and Co-56 produced in the explosion. This makes such a light curve sensitive to the value of the Fermi constant G_F at the time of the supernova. Using data from the CfA Supernova Archive, we measure the dependence of the light curve decay rate on redshift and place a bound on the time variation of G_F of |(dG_F/dt)/G_F| < 10^(-9) / y.

Ferrero, Alejandro

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Premium All Grades Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales...

16

Bianchi Type-II String Cosmological Models in Normal Gauge for Lyra's Manifold with Constant Deceleration Parameter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present study deals with a spatially homogeneous and anisotropic Bianchi-II cosmological models representing massive strings in normal gauge for Lyra's manifold by applying the variation law for generalized Hubble's parameter that yields a constant value of deceleration parameter. The variation law for Hubble's parameter generates two types of solutions for the average scale factor, one is of power-law type and other is of the exponential form. Using these two forms, Einstein's modified field equations are solved separately that correspond to expanding singular and non-singular models of the universe respectively. The energy-momentum tensor for such string as formulated by Letelier (1983) is used to construct massive string cosmological models for which we assume that the expansion ($\\theta$) in the model is proportional to the component $\\sigma^{1}_{~1}$ of the shear tensor $\\sigma^{j}_{i}$. This condition leads to $A = (BC)^{m}$, where A, B and C are the metric coefficients and m is proportionality constant. Our models are in accelerating phase which is consistent to the recent observations. It has been found that the displacement vector $\\beta$ behaves like cosmological term $\\Lambda$ in the normal gauge treatment and the solutions are consistent with recent observations of SNe Ia. It has been found that massive strings dominate in the decelerating universe whereas strings dominate in the accelerating universe. Some physical and geometric behaviour of these models are also discussed.

Shilpi Agarwal; R. K. Pandey; Anirudh Pradhan

2010-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

17

,"Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes",60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_a_epjk_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_a_epjk_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration"

18

A Large Sample Volume Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Probe for In-Situ Investigations with Constant Flow of Reactants  

SciTech Connect

A large-sample-volume constant-flow magic angle sample spinning (CF-MAS) NMR probe is reported for in-situ studies of the reaction dynamics, stable intermediates/transition states, and mechanisms of catalytic reactions. In our approach, the reactants are introduced into the catalyst bed using a fixed tube at one end of the MAS rotor while a second fixed tube, linked to a vacuum pump, is attached at the other end of the rotor. The pressure difference between both ends of the catalyst bed inside the sample cell space forces the reactants flowing through the catalyst bed, which improves the diffusion of the reactants and products. This design allows the use of a large sample volume for enhanced sensitivity and thus permitting in-situ 13C CF-MAS studies at natural abundance. As an example of application, we show that reactants, products and reaction transition states associated with the 2-butanol dehydration reaction over a mesoporous silicalite supported heteropoly acid catalyst (HPA/meso-silicalite-1) can all be detected in a single 13C CF-MAS NMR spectrum at natural abundance. Coke products can also be detected at natural 13C abundance and under the stopped flow condition. Furthermore, 1H CF-MAS NMR is used to identify the surface functional groups of HPA/meso-silicalite-1 under the condition of in-situ drying . We also show that the reaction dynamics of 2-butanol dehydration using HPA/meso-silicalite-1 as a catalyst can be explored using 1H CF-MAS NMR.

Hu, Jian Z.; Sears, Jesse A.; Mehta, Hardeep S.; Ford, Joseph J.; Kwak, Ja Hun; Zhu, Kake; Wang, Yong; Liu, Jun; Hoyt, David W.; Peden, Charles HF

2012-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

19

A new exponential-type distribution with constant, decreasing, increasing, upside-down bathtub and bathtub-shaped failure rate function  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new three-parameter exponential-type family of distributions which can be used in modeling survival data, reliability problems and fatigue life studies is introduced. Its failure rate function can be constant, decreasing, increasing, upside-down bathtub ... Keywords: Exponential distribution, Failure rate function, Generalized exponential distribution, Lifetime data

Artur J. Lemonte

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Space–Time Description of Nonstationary Trapped Lee Waves Using ST Radars, Aircraft, and Constant Volume Balloons during the PYREX Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The third intensive observation period (IOP3) of PYREX was a case of strong lee waves generated by a southerly wind crossing the Pyrenees chain. Upstream radiosounds and measurements obtained by aircraft along the chain transect and by constant ...

J-L. Caccia; B. Benech; V. Klaus

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Computational Design Studies for an Ion Extraction System for a ''volume-type'' ECR Ion Source  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Numerical studies have been performed for optimally extracting high-intensity, space-charged-limited multi-charged ion beams from an all-permanent-magnet, ''volume-type'' ECR ion source, equipped with a three-electrode extraction system. These studies clearly demonstrate the importance of being able to adjust the extraction gap in order to ensure high quality, minimum divergence (highly transportable) ion beams. Optimum extraction conditions are reached whenever the plasma meniscus has an optimum curvature for a given current density. Optimum perveance (optimum current) values are found to closely agree with those derived from elementary analytical theory for extraction of space-charge-dominated beams. Details of the electrode system design as well as angular divergence and RMS emittance versus extraction parameter data (e.g., perveance and extraction gap) are provided for ion beams of varying charge-state and mass, extracted under the influence of a mirror-geometry plasma confinement magnetic field.

Zaim, H.

2001-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

22

NIST Physical Constants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fundamental Physical Constants. ... Values of Fundamental Physical Constants. ... Searchable Bibliography of Fundamental Constants. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

23

Header and Drum Damage: Theory and Practice: Volume 1: Information Common to All Damage Types; Volume 2: Mechanisms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Headers and drums represent two of the largest and most expensive components in boilers. Particularly in the case of high-temperature headers, there are considerable safety concerns when operating aging plants, and some notable failures have occurred. For these reasons, understanding the types of damage that can accumulate and dealing with that damage are vital to the safe and economic operation of fossil power plants.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

24

Multiple-part-type systems in high volume manufacturing : Kanban System design for automatic production scheduling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Kanban Production System is designed to help a factory line meet fluctuating demands for multiple part types. Based on the parameter settings of the Control-Point Policy, the optimum Kanban levels are obtained. The ...

Lee, Kaizhao

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Fundamental Constants on the Web  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... PHYSICS Find Your Fundamental Constants on the Web. ... Use of the fundamental constants database also is growing rapidly. ...

26

Fundamental Constants Data Center Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fundamental Constants Data Center. Welcome. ... Fundamental Constants and Tests of Theory in Rydberg States of Hydrogenlike Ions" Phys. Rev. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

27

Constant voltage ultracapacitor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ultracapacitors have attracted lots of attention recently due to their growing use in hybrid vehicles and in energy storage applications for the smart grid. A very undesirable feature of ultracapacitors is the fact that the voltage drops as the capacitor is discharged. DC-DC converters are employed at present to convert the voltage of the ultracapacitor to constant voltage; however

Ezzat G. Bakhoum

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Variation of fundamental constants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a review of recent works devoted to the variation of the fine structure constant alpha, strong interaction and fundamental masses. There are some hints for the variation in quasar absorption spectra, Big Bang nucleosynthesis, and Oklo natural nuclear reactor data. A very promising method to search for the variation of the fundamental constants consists in comparison of different atomic clocks. Huge enhancement of the variation effects happens in transition between accidentally degenerate atomic and molecular energy levels. A new idea is to build a ``nuclear'' clock based on the ultraviolet transition between very low excited state and ground state in Thorium nucleus. This may allow to improve sensitivity to the variation up to 10 orders of magnitude! Huge enhancement of the variation effects is also possible in cold atomic and molecular collisions near Feschbach resonance.

V. V. Flambaum

2006-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

29

When constants are important  

SciTech Connect

In this paper the authors discuss several complexity aspects pertaining to neural networks, commonly known as the curse of dimensionality. The focus will be on: (1) size complexity and depth-size tradeoffs; (2) complexity of learning; and (3) precision and limited interconnectivity. Results have been obtained for each of these problems when dealt with separately, but few things are known as to the links among them. They start by presenting known results and try to establish connections between them. These show that they are facing very difficult problems--exponential growth in either space (i.e. precision and size) and/or time (i.e., learning and depth)--when resorting to neural networks for solving general problems. The paper will present a solution for lowering some constants, by playing on the depth-size tradeoff.

Beiu, V.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Unitaxial constant velocity microactuator  

SciTech Connect

A uniaxial drive system or microactuator capable of operating in an ultra-high vacuum environment. The mechanism includes a flexible coupling having a bore therethrough, and two clamp/pusher assemblies mounted in axial ends of the coupling. The clamp/pusher assemblies are energized by voltage-operated piezoelectrics therewithin to operatively engage the shaft and coupling causing the shaft to move along its rotational axis through the bore. The microactuator is capable of repeatably positioning to sub-manometer accuracy while affording a scan range in excess of 5 centimeters. Moreover, the microactuator generates smooth, constant velocity motion profiles while producing a drive thrust of greater than 10 pounds. The system is remotely controlled and piezoelectrically driven, hence minimal thermal loading, vibrational excitation, or outgassing is introduced to the operating environment.

McIntyre, Timothy J. (Knoxville, TN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

NIST Fundamental Constants Bibliographic Search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The NIST Reference on Constants, Units and Uncertainty, Information at the foundation of modern science and technology from the Physical ...

32

Fundamental Physical Constants from NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The NIST Reference on Constants, Units and Uncertainty, Information at the foundation of modern science and technology from the Physical ...

33

Twisted mass finite volume effects  

SciTech Connect

We calculate finite-volume effects on the pion masses and decay constant in twisted mass lattice QCD at finite lattice spacing. We show that the lighter neutral pion in twisted mass lattice QCD gives rise to finite-volume effects that are exponentially enhanced when compared to those arising from the heavier charged pions. We demonstrate that the recent two flavor twisted mass lattice data can be better fitted when twisted mass effects in finite-volume corrections are taken into account.

Colangelo, Gilberto; Wenger, Urs; Wu, Jackson M. S. [Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics, Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Bern, Sidlerstrasse 5, 3012 Bern (Switzerland)

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

NIST Fundamental Constants Data Center 1998 - FCDC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fundamental Constants Data Center. Technical Highlights. NIST Reference on Constants, Units, and Uncertainty. This is ...

35

CODATA values of the fundamental constants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CODATA values of the fundamental physical constants. Summary: ... CODATA Task Group on Fundamental Constants websites at: ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

36

Disclaimer concerning the fundamental constants database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Uncertainty Constants, Units & Uncertainty home page. Disclaimer concerning the fundamental constants database The ...

37

A Significant Increase in Hydrogen Photoproduction Rates and Yields by Wild-Type Algae is Detected at High Photobioreactor Gas Phase Volume (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

503 * July 2012 503 * July 2012 Hydrogen photoproduction by 500 mL of sulfur/phosphorus- deprived (-S -P) algal cultures placed in PhBRs with different headspace volumes (165-925 mL). The final percentages of H 2 gas in the gas phase of the PhBRs are indicated in the figure inset; the Y-axis reports actual amounts of H 2 produced. The yield of H 2 gas in the PhBR with a historically small gas phase volume is shown as a dotted line. A Significant Increase in Hydrogen Photoproduction Rates and Yields by Wild-Type Algae is Detected at High Photobioreactor Gas Phase Volume Project: Biological Systems for Hydrogen Photoproduction Team: Maria L. Ghirardi and Michael Seibert, NREL; Sergey N. Kosourov, Khorcheska A. Batyrova, Ekaterina P. Petushkova, and Anatoly A. Tsygankov, IBBP, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

38

Fundamental Constants Bibliography Now on the Web  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... PHYSICS Fundamental Constants Bibliography Now on the Web. Some ... To help researchers working on or with fundamental. constants ...

39

NIST Fundamental Constants Data Center 1999 - FCDC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... FUNDAMENTAL CONSTANTS DATA CENTER. ... The FCDC mission is to: provide an international information center on the fundamental constants; ...

40

Volume Tracking  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Total Volumes Captured on both Enterprise & Q4000" Total Volumes Captured on both Enterprise & Q4000" ,"Daily Period",,"Containment Total" ,"Oil","Gas","Oil","Gas" "End Period","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery" "Date and Time","Rate","Rate","Cumulative","Cumulative" "MM/DD/YY 00:00","(bo)","(mmcf)","(bbls)","(mmcf)","Comment" 40333,16.486,0,16.486,0,"Oil rate based on metered volume" 40334,6060.70543,15.666,6077.19143,15.666,"Oil rate based on metered volume" 40335,10496.19429,22.00800001,16573.38572,37.674,"Oil rate based on metered volume"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Fundamental constants in effective theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is a discussion between L. B. Okun, G. Veneziano and M. J. Duff, concerning the number of fundamental dimensionful constants in physics [1]. They advocated correspondingly 3, 2 and 0 fundamental constants. Here we consider this problem on example of the effective relativistic quantum field theory, which emerges in the low energy corner of quantum liquids and which reproduces many features of our physics including chiral fermions, gauge fields and dynamical gravity. 1 Introduction. The effective relativistic quantum field theory (RQFT) arising as emergent phenomenon in quantum liquids [2], or in other condensed matter systems [3], allows us to look at the problem of fundamental constants from the outside, i.e. from the point of view of an external observer who does not

G. E. Volovik

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Unsteady flow volumes  

SciTech Connect

Flow volumes are extended for use in unsteady (time-dependent) flows. The resulting unsteady flow volumes are the 3 dimensional analog of streamlines. There are few examples where methods other than particle tracing have been used to visualize time varying flows. Since particle paths can become convoluted in time there are additional considerations to be made when extending any visualization technique to unsteady flows. We will present some solutions to the problems which occur in subdivision, rendering, and system design. We will apply the unsteady flow volumes to a variety of field types including moving multi-zoned curvilinear grids.

Becker, B.G.; Lane, D.A.; Max, N.L.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Constant Potential Vorticity Hydraulically Controlled Flow—Complexities from Passage Shape  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Velocity, surface height profiles, and volume flux are calculated for critically controlled flow of a layer of rotating fluid from a channel to an exit passage. The upstream fluid possesses constant potential vorticity. These are models of an ...

J. A. Whitehead

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Cogeneration System Size Optimization Constant Capacity and Constant Demand Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the development of a quasi-linear optimization model for a cogeneration system subject to constant heat and power demands or loads. The linear model is next modified to a non-linear one to account for economies of scale. The models define the necessary and sufficient conditions for system size optimality. Thus, the underlying methodology constitutes the foundation for a subsequent series of more sophisticated cogeneration design models. Several examples are presented to illustrate the models.

Wong-Kcomt, J. B.; Turner, W. C.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Significant Increase in Hydrogen Photoproduction Rates and Yields by Wild-Type Algae is Detected at High Photobioreactor Gas Phase Volume (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This NREL Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technical Highlight describes how hydrogen photoproduction activity in algal cultures can be improved dramatically by increasing the gas-phase to liquid-phase volume ratio of the photobioreactor. NREL, in partnership with subcontractors from the Institute of Basic Biological Problems in Pushchino, Russia, demonstrated that the hydrogen photoproduction rate in algal cultures always decreases exponentially with increasing hydrogen partial pressure above the culture. The inhibitory effect of high hydrogen concentrations in the photobioreactor gas phase on hydrogen photoproduction by algae is significant and comparable to the effect observed with some anaerobic bacteria.

Not Available

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

WHY IS THE SOLAR CONSTANT NOT A CONSTANT?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to probe the mechanism of variations of the solar constant on the inter-solar-cycle scale, the total solar irradiance (TSI; the so-called solar constant) in the time interval of 1978 November 7 to 2010 September 20 is decomposed into three components through empirical mode decomposition and time-frequency analyses. The first component is the rotation signal, counting up to 42.31% of the total variation of TSI, which is understood to be mainly caused by large magnetic structures, including sunspot groups. The second is an annual-variation signal, counting up to 15.17% of the total variation, the origin of which is not known at this point in time. Finally, the third is the inter-solar-cycle signal, counting up to 42.52%, which is inferred to be caused by the network magnetic elements in quiet regions, whose magnetic flux ranges from (4.27-38.01) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 19} Mx.

Li, K. J.; Xu, J. C.; Gao, P. X.; Yang, L. H. [National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Observatory, CAS, Kunming 650011 (China); Feng, W. [Research Center of Analysis and Measurement, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093 (China); Liang, H. F. [Department of Physics, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming 650093 (China); Zhan, L. S., E-mail: lkj@ynao.ac.cn [Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute, Jingdezhen 333001, Jiangxi (China)

2012-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

47

VOLUME COMPENSATING MEANS FOR PULSATING PUMPS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A double diaphragm, two-liquid pulsating pump for remote control use, having as an improvement an apparatus for maintaining constant the volume of the liquid such as kerosene between the two diaphragms is described. Phase difficulties encountered in the operation of such pumps when the volume of the liquid is altered by changes in temperature are avoided.

Weaver, D.L.W.; MacCormack, R.S. Jr.

1959-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Volume Comparison  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Volume Comparison Volume Comparison Data for October 2013 | Release Date: January 7, 2014 | Complete XLS File Beginning with data for August 2010, natural gas consumption for the residential and commercial sectors was derived from the total system sendout reported by local distribution companies on Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries." The new methodology was designed to yield estimates that more closely reflect calendar month consumption patterns. Total system sendout is the sum of all volumes dispatched into the service territory during the report month, less any storage injections and deliveries to points outside the service territory. Previously, residential and commercial consumption estimates were based solely on reported sector

49

Adsorption process producing chronologically constant amount of a residual gas  

SciTech Connect

An adsorption process is disclosed for purifying or fractionating a gaseous feed mixture comprises an adsorption phase, at least one expansion phase, a purging phase and at least one pressure buildup phase. The expansion phase(S) and the purging phase produce residual process gas fractions. The sum total of volume, and/or mass streams of the residual process gas fractions comprises a residual gas stream which is maintained chronologically substantially constant by controlling the volume and/or gas streams of the gas entering the purging phase and maintaining the gas leaving the expansion phase(S) at a substantially constant value, dependent on the desired mass and/or volume quantity of the residual gas stream. The length of the purging phase and of the expansion phase(S) is adjusted accordingly so that the relationship of the length of time of the purging phase to the length of time of the expansion phase(S) is substantially the same as the relationship of the volume and/or mass of the gas fractions obtained during the purging to those obtained during the expansion phase(S), respectively. The control of the purging and of the expansion phase(S) can also be varied in response to a flow rate of a feed gas entering the process.

Benkmann, C.

1982-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

50

NIST Fundamental Constants Data Center 1998 - FCDC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... FUNDAMENTAL CONSTANTS DATA CENTER. MISSION CURRENT DIRECTIONS HIGHLIGHTS FUTURE OPPORTUNITIES MISSION. ...

51

NIST Fundamental Constants Data Center 1994 - FCDC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fundamental Constants Data Center. Technical Highlights. Measurement Uncertainty - 1994 Edition of NIST TN 1297. In ...

52

Constant-Energy Quantum Fingerprinting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a protocol for quantum fingerprinting that, in an ideal implementation, requires only a constant total mean photon number in the communicated signals, independently of the size $n$ of the input bit-strings. The protocol uses states that are arbitrarily close in trace distance to states of $\\order{\\log_2 n}$ qubits, thus exhibiting an exponential separation in communication complexity compared to the classical case. The protocol is robust against experimental imperfections and functions with arbitrarily low probability of error. The basis of our scheme is an implementation of the signal states in terms of a coherent state in a superposition of time-bin modes. Experimentally, this requires only the ability to prepare coherent states of arbitrarily low amplitude and fixed phase, and to interfere them in a balanced beam splitter. The scheme is therefore ready to be realized with current technology. In fact, even in the presence of realistic experimental errors, there exist a large range of input sizes for which our quantum protocol requires communication that can be more than two orders of magnitude smaller than a classical fingerprinting protocol that requires only $2\\sqrt{n}+\\order{1}$ bits of communication.

Juan Miguel Arrazola; Norbert Lütkenhaus

2013-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

53

Nothing is Constant But Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is an old adage - nothing is constant but change. This sage observation is especially true in looking at today's energy picture. The energy crisis is dead. Energy problems are no longer the moral equivalent of war. Personally, I never did fully subscribe to the use of the word crises, I preferred transition instead. However, to people waiting in a gasoline line, I'm sure crises was a suitable description. Today there appears to be plenty of oil and its price has stabilized. We can expect these favorable conditions to continue into the near future barring any sudden and substantial change in international politics. Natural gas is plentiful though its price continues to climb. Also there are many very knowledgeable people in the gas business who believe decontrol will lead to even more ample supplies and possible lower prices. Coal and electricity are best described as being in over abundance. Witness the number of coal mines shut-in and the number of new nuclear power plants recently cancelled or postponed. Complacency in regard to energy problems is setting in.

Kelly, R. L.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

NIST Fundamental Constants Data Center 1997 - FCDC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fundamental Constants Data Center. Technical Highlights. New ANSI Standard: US GUM. The ISO Guide to the Expression ...

55

NIST Fundamental Constants Data Center 1999 - FCDC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fundamental Constants Data Center. Technical Highlights. Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty. In 1991, the FCDC, in ...

56

NIST Fundamental Constants Data Center 1999 - FCDC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Redefinition of the Kilogram. Motivated by recent NIST advances in determining the Planck constant h using a moving-coil ...

57

Time Constant Estimates for Radiosonde Temperature Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To correct time lag errors in radiosonde temperatures the sensor time constant has to be known. Time constants are not published for some widely used sensors and, in some cases, available time constants disagree. This study focuses on ML-405, ML-...

Marcel E. Tschudin; Steven R. Schroeder

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Variable speed constant frequency constant voltage alternator. Annual report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A test alternator is operated with digital control of its output frequency for variable shaft speed. The machine is a two-pole alternator with power removed through slip rings. The output frequency of the alternator is controlled by rotating the field by stepping through sixteen coils around the rotor. Usually four coils are active at one time. The rotating field in the stationary coils of the stator is controlled by microcircuits. The control circuits are constructed with available low-cost, low-power integrated circuits (ICs). The test results from the first test alternator indicate the feasibility of using this type of alternator to convert available wind power directly to usable 60 hertz power.

Grannemann, W.W.; Yang, C.E.; Seo, P.H.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Optimized Constant Pressure Stochastic Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A recently proposed method for computer simulations in the isothermal-isobaric (NPT) ensemble, based on Langevin-type equations of motion for the particle coordinates and the ``piston'' degree of freedom, is re-derived by straightforward application of the standard Kramers-Moyal formalism. An integration scheme is developed which reduces to a time-reversible symplectic integrator in the limit of vanishing friction. This algorithm is hence expected to be quite stable for small friction, allowing for a large time step. We discuss the optimal choice of parameters, and present some numerical test results.

A. Kolb; B. Duenweg

1999-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

60

Optimized constant pressure stochastic dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A recently proposed method for computer simulations in the isothermal– isobaric (NPT) ensemble, based on Langevin–type equations of motion for the particle coordinates and the “piston ” degree of freedom, is re–derived by straightforward application of the standard Kramers–Moyal formalism. An integration scheme is developed which reduces to a time–reversible symplectic integrator in the limit of vanishing friction. This algorithm is hence expected to be quite stable for small friction, allowing for a large time step. We discuss the optimal choice of parameters, and present some numerical test results.

A. Kolb; B. Dünweg

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Volume State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

22 22 Volume State State or Country From/To Receipts/ Imports From Deliveries/ Exports To Net a Alabama Florida .................................................................. 0 722,558 -722,558 Georgia................................................................. 0 1,352,308 -1,352,308 Gulf of Mexico....................................................... 123,132 0 123,132 Mississippi ............................................................ 2,758,595 0 2,758,595 Tennessee............................................................ 1,744 764,749 -763,005 Total..................................................................... 2,883,471 2,839,615 43,856

62

A simplified constant-liquidity price index for U.S. commercial property based on the RCA database  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis builds on the endogenous relationship between transaction price and volume in commercial real estate markets in order to construct a simple "constant-liquidity price index" (SCLI) applicable to general transaction ...

Wang, Yali S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

NIST Fundamental Constants Data Center - Tech. Act. 2001  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Physics Laboratory home page. Fundamental Constants Data Center. ... Fundamental Constants Theory. Create an atomic theory ...

64

A small but nonzero cosmological constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent astrophysical observations seem to indicate that the cosmological constant is small but nonzero and positive. The old cosmological constant problem asks why it is so small; we must now ask, in addition, why it is nonzero, and why it is positive. In this essay, we try to kill these three metaphorical birds with one stone. That stone is the unimodular theory of gravity, which is the canonical theory of gravity, except for the way the cosmological constant arises in the theory.

Y. Jack Ng (a; H. Van Dam (b

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

State Volume  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Volume of Natural Gas Delivered to Processing Plants (million cubic feet) Total Liquids Extracted (thousand barrels) Extraction Loss Located Within the State Located Outside of the State Total Processed Volume (million cubic feet Estimated Heat Content (billion Btu) Alabama...................... 111,656 2,614 114,270 4,476 5,810 18,610 Alaska ......................... 2,987,364 0 2,987,364 33,346 38,453 148,444 Arkansas..................... 214,868 161 215,029 237 474 977 California..................... 240,566 0 240,566 9,798 12,169 41,037 Colorado ..................... 493,748 1,249 494,997 16,891 23,420 63,411 Florida......................... 5,900 0 5,900 1,130 1,143 4,202 Illinois.......................... 578 0 578 63 64 271 Kansas........................ 825,825 2,731 828,556 30,617 41,115 120,221 Kentucky .....................

66

Ductile Fracture Handbook: Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The three-volume Ductile Fracture Handbook provides the structural analyst with computational methods for evaluating the integrity of flawed structures that are fabricated from ductile materials or have loads that may produce significant plasticity, specifically easy-to-use fracture mechanics solutions for a wide range of problems dealing with cylinders subjected to several types of elastic-plastic loading. Volume 2 presents new solutions and significant expansion of previous solutions, typically in the ...

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Ductile Fracture Handbook: Volume 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The three-volume Ductile Fracture Handbook provides the structural analyst with computational methods for evaluating the integrity of flawed structures that are fabricated from ductile materials or have loads that may produce significant plasticity, specifically easy-to-use fracture mechanics solutions for a wide range of problems dealing with cylinders subjected to several types of elastic-plastic loading. Volume 3 presents solutions for axial part-throughwall cracks, cracks in elbows, tees, and nozzles...

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Uranium in US surface, ground, and domestic waters. Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report Uranium in US Surface, Ground, and Domestic Waters comprises four volumes. Volumes 2, 3, and 4 contain data characterizing the location, sampling date, type, use, and uranium conentrations of 89,994 individual samples presented in tabular form. The tabular data in volumes 2, 3, and 4 are summarized in volume 1 in narrative form and with maps and histograms.

Drury, J.S.; Reynolds, S.; Owen, P.T.; Ross, R.H.; Ensminger, J.T.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Marshak waves: Constant flux vs constant T-a (slight) paradigm shift  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We review the basic scaling laws for Marshak waves and point out the differences in results for wall loss, albedo, and Marshak depth when a constant absorbed flux is considered as opposed to a constant absorbed temperature. Comparisons with LASNEX simulations and with data are presented that imply that a constant absorbed flux is a more appropriate boundary condition.

Rosen, M.D.

1994-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

70

A small but nonzero cosmological constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent astrophysical observations seem to indicate that the cosmological constant is small but nonzero and positive. The old cosmological constant problem asks why it is so small; we must now ask, in addition, why it is nonzero (and is in the range found by recent observations), and why it is positive. In this essay, we try to kill these three metaphorical birds with one stone. That stone is the unimodular theory of gravity, which is the ordinary theory of gravity, except for the way the cosmological constant arises in the theory. We argue that the cosmological constant becomes dynamical, and eventually, in terms of the cosmic scale factor $R(t)$, it takes the form $\\Lambda(t) = \\Lambda(t_0)(R(t_0)/R(t))^2$, but not before the epoch corresponding to the redshift parameter $z \\sim 1$.

Y. Jack Ng; H. van Dam

1999-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

71

On the running of the gravitational constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that there is no useful and universal definition of a running gravitational constant, G(E), in the perturbative regime below the Planck scale. By consideration of the loop corrections to several physical processes, we show that the quantum corrections vary greatly, in both magnitude and sign, and do not exhibit the required properties of a running coupling constant. We comment on the potential challenges of these results for the Asymptotic Safety program.

Mohamed M. Anber; John F. Donoghue

2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

72

On the running of the gravitational constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that there is no useful and universal definition of a running gravitational constant, G(E), in the perturbative regime below the Planck scale. By consideration of the loop corrections to several physical processes, we show that the quantum corrections vary greatly, in both magnitude and sign, and do not exhibit the required properties of a running coupling constant. We comment on the potential challenges of these results for the Asymptotic Safety program.

Anber, Mohamed M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Oscillation Criteria in First Order Neutral Delay Impulsive Differential Equations with Constant Coefficients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is dealing with the oscillatory properties of first order neutral delay impulsive differential equations and corresponding to them inequalities with constant coefficients. The established sufficient conditions ensure the oscillation of every solution of this type of equations.

Dimitrova, M. B.; Donev, V. I. [Dept. of Mathematics, Technical University of Sofia, branch Sliven, 8800 Sliven (Bulgaria)

2008-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

74

NIST Fundamental Constants Data Center - Tech. Act. 2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Fundamental Constants Data Center. ... Mission. The FCDC mission is to: provide an international information center on the fundamental constants; ...

75

Idaho Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Retail Sales by Refiners ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Idaho Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Refiner Sales Volumes; Idaho Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, ...

76

FY 2010 Volume 4  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 DOE/CF-038 Volume 4 Science May 2009 Office of Chief Financial Officer FY 2010 Congressional Budget Request Volume 4 DOE/CF-038 Volume 4 Science Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Department of Energy/ Science FY 2010 Congressional Budget Volume 4 Table of Contents Page Appropriation Account Summary.............................................................................................................3 Appropriation Language ...........................................................................................................................5 Overview...................................................................................................................................................7 Funding by Site .......................................................................................................................................21

77

FY 2012 Volume 7  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 Volume 7 Department of Energy FY 2012 Congressional Budget Request Nuclear Energy D f N l W t Di l Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal Nuclear Waste Disposal February 2011 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 7 Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Department of Energy/ Volume 7 FY 2012 Congressional Budget Volume 7 Table of Contents Page Appropriation Account Summary ........................................................................................................... 3

78

Light Hadron Masses and Decay Constants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The extraction of the light hadron spectrum from a first-principle Quantum Chromodynamics approach is a profound application for lattice simulations of Quantum Chromodynamics. This review will cover recent lattice results for the masses and decay constants of the light hadrons. In particular, the applicability of different approaches for the extrapolation towards the physical point will be discussed.

Enno E. Scholz

2009-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

79

Constant-Pressure Measurement of Steam-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SGP-TR-169 Constant-Pressure Measurement of Steam- Water Relative Permeability Peter A. O by measuring in-situ steam saturation more directly. Mobile steam mass fraction was established by separate steam and water inlets or by correlating with previous results. The measured steam-water relative

Stanford University

80

State Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 State Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Pipeline (Canada) Eastport, ID..................... 830,351 3.79 802,182 4.71 759,647 2.83 R 623,652 4.72 707,885 5.30 Calais, ME ...................... 123,521 4.50 152,486 4.47 124,991 3.49 R 115,301 R 5.85 102,292 6.44 Detroit, MI ....................... 6,171 3.82 405 9.34 1,948 3.56 2,514 5.96 1,117 6.27 Marysville, MI.................. 0 -- 0 -- 74 3.95 0 -- 303 7.80 St. Clair, MI..................... 17,198 4.45 21,747 4.54 28,441 3.19 5,202 5.84 22,853 6.50 International Falls, MN .... 3,022 2.77 617 4.85 602 3.01 0 -- 0 -- Noyes, MN...................... 469,361 3.75 448,898 4.19 402,621 3.09 R 359,801 5.04 399,298 5.77 Warroad, MN .................. 4,576 3.95 5,318 4.52

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

FY 2012 Volume 4  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 0 Volume 4 Department of Energy FY 2012 Congressional Budget Request Science Science February 2011 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 4 DOE/CF-0060 Volume 4 Department of Energy FY 2012 Congressional Budget Request Science Science February 2011 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 4 Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Department of Energy/ Science FY 2012 Congressional Budget Volume 4 Table of Contents Page Appropriation Account Summary .............................................................................................................3 Appropriation Language ...........................................................................................................................5 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................7

82

Property:Volume | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Volume Volume Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Volume Property Type Quantity Description Any unit of volume. For example, the mean estimated reservoir volume at location based on the USGS 2008 Geothermal Resource Assessment if the United States. Use this type to express a quantity of three-dimensional space. The default unit is the cubic meter (m³). Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: Cubic Meters - 1 m³,m3,m^3,cubic meter,cubic meters,Cubic Meter,Cubic Meters,CUBIC METERS Cubic Kilometers - 0.000000001 km³,km3,km^3,cubic kilometer,cubic kilometers,cubic km,Cubic Kilometers,CUBIC KILOMETERS Cubic Miles - 0.000000000239912759 mi³,mi3,mi^3,mile³,cubic mile,cubic miles,cubic mi,Cubic Miles,CUBIC MILES Cubic Feet - 35.314666721 ft³,ft3,ft^3,cubic feet,cubic

83

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

250 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

84

NISTIR 7628 Volume 1, Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of outages and number of customers impacted to management ... is a need to balance the impact of a ... the volume of traffic, and impacting the types of ...

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Entropy signature of the running cosmological constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Renormalization group (RG) improved cosmologies based upon a RG trajectory of Quantum Einstein Gravity (QEG) with realistic parameter values are investigated using a system of cosmological evolution equations which allows for an unrestricted energy exchange between the vacuum and the matter sector. It is demonstrated that the scale dependence of the gravitational parameters, the cosmological constant in particular, leads to an entropy production in the matter system. The picture emerges that the Universe started out from a state of vanishing entropy, and that the radiation entropy observed today is essentially due to the coarse graining (RG flow) in the quantum gravity sector which is related to the expansion of the Universe. Furthermore, the RG improved field equations are shown to possess solutions with an epoch of power law inflation immediately after the initial singularity. The inflation is driven by the cosmological constant and ends automatically once the RG running has reduced the vacuum energy to the...

Bonanno, Alfio

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Light Dragging, the Origin of Hubble's Constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently E. Harrison has argued the Red Shift distance law proposed by Hubble and velocity-distance law developed later on theoretical grounds has no general proof demonstrating the two laws are actually equivalent. It is the purpose of this paper to account for the nebular redshift law of Hubble based on two principles: 1) Spacetime motion and light dragging. 2) An overall spacetime index of refraction based on Hubble's Constant.

Walter J. Christensen Jr

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

87

Variation of fundamental constants: theory and observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review of recent works devoted to the variation of the fundamental constants is presented including atomic clocks, quasar absorption spectra, and Oklo natural nuclear reactor data. Assuming linear variation with time we can compare different results. From the quasar absorption spectra: $\\dot{\\mu}/\\mu=(1 \\pm 3) \\times 10^{-16}$ yr$^{-1}$. A combination of this result and the atomic clock results gives the best limt on variation of $\\alpha$: $\\dot{\\alpha}/\\alpha=(-0.8 \\pm 0.8) \\times 10^{-16}$ yr$^{-1}$. The Oklo natural reactor gives the best limit on the variation of $m_s/\\Lambda_{QCD}$ where $m_s$ is the strange quark mass. Huge enhancement of the relative variation effects happens in transitions between close atomic, molecular and nuclear energy levels. We suggest several new cases where the levels are very narrow. Large enhancement of the variation effects is also possible in cold atomic and molecular collisions near Feshbach resonance. Massive bodies (stars or galaxies) can also affect physical constants. They have large scalar charge $S$ proportional to number of particles which produces a Coulomb-like scalar field $U=S/r$. This leads to a variation of the fundamental constants proportional to the gravitational potential, e.g. $\\delta \\alpha/ \\alpha = k_\\alpha \\delta (GM/ r c^2)$. We compare different manifestations of this effect.The strongest limit $k_\\alpha +0.17 k_e= (-3.5\\pm 6) \\times 10^{-7}$.

V. V. Flambaum

2007-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

88

Illustrating surfaces in volume  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel framework for illustrating surfaces in a volume. Surfaces are illustrated by drawing only feature lines, such as silhouettes, valleys, ridges, and surface hatching strokes, and are embedded in volume renderings. This framework ...

Xiaoru Yuan; Baoquan Chen

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

FY 2013 Volume 5  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 DOE/CF-0075 Volume 5 Environmental Management Department of Energy FY 2013 Congressional Budget Request February 2012 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 5 DOE/CF-0075 Volume 5 Environmental Management Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Department of Energy FY 2013 Congressional Budget Request Environmental Management Page 1 FY 2013 Congressional Budget Volume 5 Table of Contents Page Appropriation Account Summary ............................................................................................................................................ 3 Appropriation Language .......................................................................................................................................................... 5

90

FY 2007 Volume 5  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 DOE/CF-006 Volume 5 Environmental management Department of Energy FY 2007 Congressional Budget Request February 2006 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 5 DOE/CF-006 Volume 5 Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Environmental management Department of Energy/ Environmental Management FY 2007 Congressional Budget Volume 5 Table of Contents Page Appropriation Account Summary .........................................................................................................3 Overview................................................................................................................................................5 Defense Environmental Cleanup Appropriation Cleanup .................................................................107 Carlsbad

91

FY 2009 Volume 4  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 DOE/CF-027 Volume 4 Science February 2008 Office of Chief Financial Officer Department of Energy FY 2009 Congressional Budget Request Volume 4 DOE/CF-027 Volume 4 Science Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Department of Energy/ Science FY 2009 Congressional Budget Volume 4 Table of Contents Page Appropriation Account Summary.............................................................................................................3 Appropriation Language ...........................................................................................................................5 Overview...................................................................................................................................................7 Funding by Site

92

FY 2008 Volume 5  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 DOE/CF-018 Volume 5 Environmental Management Department of Energy FY 2008 Congressional Budget Request February 2007 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 5 DOE/CF-018 Volume 5 Environmental Management Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Department of Energy/ Environmental Management FY 2008 Congressional Budget Volume 5 Table of Contents Page Appropriation Account Summary.............................................................................................................3 Strategic Overview....................................................................................................................................5 Overview...................................................................................................................................................7

93

FY 2011 Volume 4  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 DOE/CF-0050 Volume 4 Science Department of Energy FY 2011 Congressional Budget Request February 2010 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 4 DOE/CF-0050 Volume 4 Science Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Department of Energy FY 2011 Congressional Budget Request Department of Energy/ Science FY 2011 Congressional Budget Volume 4 Table of Contents Page Appropriation Account Summary.............................................................................................................3 Appropriation Language ...........................................................................................................................5 Overview...................................................................................................................................................7

94

FY 2011 Volume 5  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 DOE/CF-0051 Volume 5 Environmental Management Department of Energy FY 2011 Congressional Budget Request February 2010 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 5 DOE/CF-0051 Volume 5 Environmental Management Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Department of Energy FY 2011 Congressional Budget Request Department of Energy/ Environmental Management FY 2011 Congressional Budget Volume 5 Table of Contents Page Appropriation Account Summary.............................................................................................................3 Appropriation Language ...........................................................................................................................5 Overview...................................................................................................................................................7

95

FY 2012 Volume 5  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 Volume 5 Department of Energy FY 2012 Congressional Budget Request Environmental Management February 2011 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 5 Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Environmental Management FY 2011 Congressional Budget Volume 5 Table of Contents Page Appropriation Account Summary .............................................................................................................3

96

Transmission eigenvalues for operators with constant coefficients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we study the interior transmission problem and transmission eigenvalues for multiplicative perturbations of linear partial differential operator of order $\\ge 2$ with constant real coefficients. Under suitable growth conditions on the symbol of the operator and the perturbation, we show the discreteness of the set of transmission eigenvalues and derive sufficient conditions on the existence of transmission eigenvalues. We apply these techniques to the case of the biharmonic operator and the Dirac system. In the hypoelliptic case we present a connection to scattering theory.

Michael Hitrik; Katsiaryna Krupchyk; Petri Ola; Lassi Päivärinta

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

97

Ab-initio computation of Karlsson's constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistical calculations by K. G. Karlsson (Astron Astrophys. 239, 50, 1990), G. R. Burbidge and other authors, show that the redshifts Z of the spectral lines emitted by quasars and galaxies accumulate close to Z(m) = mK, where K = 0061 is the "Karlsson's constant" and m some integers. We demonstrate this formula and find exactly K and the allowed values of m, using only rules commonly used in laser spectroscopy, the hypothesis of low pressure atomic hydrogen in 1S state around these stars and the observation of an initially continuous spectrum of a very hot star.

Moret-Bailly Jacques

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

98

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Volume Rebate Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels

99

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Volume Rebate Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels

100

Variation of fundamental constants: theory and observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review of recent works devoted to the variation of the fundamental constants is presented including atomic clocks, quasar absorption spectra, and Oklo natural nuclear reactor data. Assuming linear variation with time we can compare different results. From the quasar absorption spectra: $\\dot{\\mu}/\\mu=(1 \\pm 3) \\times 10^{-16}$ yr$^{-1}$. A combination of this result and the atomic clock results gives the best limt on variation of $\\alpha$: $\\dot{\\alpha}/\\alpha=(-0.8 \\pm 0.8) \\times 10^{-16}$ yr$^{-1}$. The Oklo natural reactor gives the best limit on the variation of $m_s/\\Lambda_{QCD}$ where $m_s$ is the strange quark mass. Huge enhancement of the relative variation effects happens in transitions between close atomic, molecular and nuclear energy levels. We suggest several new cases where the levels are very narrow. Large enhancement of the variation effects is also possible in cold atomic and molecular collisions near Feshbach resonance. Massive bodies (stars or galaxies) can also affect physical constants....

Flambaum, V V

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Confining Boundary conditions from dynamical Coupling Constants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that it is possible to consistently and gauge invariantly formulate models where the coupling constant is a non trivial function of a scalar field . In the $U(1)$ case the coupling to the gauge field contains a term of the form $g(\\phi)j_\\mu (A^{\\mu} +\\partial^{\\mu}B)$ where $B$ is an auxiliary field and $j_\\mu$ is the Dirac current. The scalar field $\\phi$ determines the local value of the coupling of the gauge field to the Dirac particle. The consistency of the equations determine the condition $\\partial^{\\mu}\\phi j_\\mu = 0$ which implies that the Dirac current cannot have a component in the direction of the gradient of the scalar field. As a consequence, if $\\phi$ has a soliton behaviour, like defining a bubble that connects two vacuua, we obtain that the Dirac current cannot have a flux through the wall of the bubble, defining a confinement mechanism where the fermions are kept inside those bags. Consistent models with time dependent fine structure constant can be also constructed

E. I. Guendelman; R. Steiner

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

102

NBS Bulletin Volume 13  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Constants of spectral radiation of a uniformly heated inclosure or so-called ... testing laboratory, p. 581 Agnew, PG; Stannard, WH; Fearing, JL http://dx ...

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

103

Constant field gradient planar cavity structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cavity structure is described having at least two opposing planar housing members spaced apart to accommodate the passage of a particle beam through the structure between the members. Each of the housing members have a plurality of serially aligned hollows defined therein, and also passages, formed in the members, which interconnect serially adjacent hollows to provide communication between the hollows. The opposing planar housing members are spaced and aligned such that the hollows in one member cooperate with corresponding hollows in the other member to form a plurality of resonant cavities aligned along the particle beam within the cavity structure. To facilitate the obtaining of a constant field gradient within the cavity structure, the passages are configured so as to be incrementally narrower in the direction of travel of the particle beam. In addition, the spacing distance between the opposing housing members is configured to be incrementally smaller in the direction of travel of the beam.

Kang, Yoon W.; Kustom, R.L.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Sandia Software Guidelines, Volume 2. Documentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This volume is one in a series of Sandia Software Guidelines intended for use in producing quality software within Sandia National Laboratories. In consonance with the IEEE Standards for software documentation, this volume provides guidance in the selection of an adequate document set for a software project and example formats for many types of software documentation. A tutorial on life cycle documentation is also provided. Extended document thematic outlines and working examples of software documents are available on electronic media as an extension of this volume.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

A Spectral General Circulation Model Using a Piecewise-Constant Finite-Element Representation on a Hybrid Vertical Coordinate System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical scheme for the vertical discretization of primitive equations in a generalized pressure-type coordinate is developed through application of the Galerkin formalism with piecewise-constant finite elements: this methodology affords an ...

René Laprise; Claude Girard

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

FY 2013 Volume 2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 Volume 2 f Department of Energy FY 2013 Congressional B d R Budget Request Other Defense Activities Departmental Administration Inspector General Working Capital F nd Working Capital Fund Safeguards and Security Crosscut Pensions February 2012 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 2 DOE/CF-0072 Volume 2 f Department of Energy FY 2013 Congressional B d R Budget Request Other Defense Activities Departmental Administration Inspector General Working Capital F nd Working Capital Fund Safeguards and Security Crosscut Pensions February 2012 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 2 Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Department of Energy/ Volume 2 FY 2013 Congressional Budget Volume 2 Table of Contents Page Appropriation Account Summary .............................................................................................................3

107

Type I Tanks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I Tanks I Tanks * 12 Type I tanks were built between 1951-53 * 750,000 gallon capacity; 75 feet in diameter by 24 ½ feet high * Partial secondary containment with leak detection * Contain approximately 10 percent of the waste volume * 7 Type I tanks have leaked waste into the tank annulus; the amount of waste stored in these tanks is kept below the known leak sites that have appeared over the decades of

108

FY 2012 Volume 3  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 9 Volume 3 Department of Energy FY 2012 Congressional Budget Request Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Energy Transformation Acceleration Fund Energy Transformation Acceleration Fund Fossil Energy Research and Development Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves Strategic Petroleum Reserve Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Ultra-Deepwater Unconventional Natural Gas February 2011 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 3 Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Department of Energy/ Volume 3 FY 2012 Congressional Budget Volume 3 Table of Contents Page Appropriation Account Summary .............................................................................................................3

109

FY 2005 Volume 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 Volume 1 February 2004 Volume 1 National Nuclear Security Administration National Nuclear Security Administration Office of the Administrator Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Naval Reactors Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO Department of Energy Department of Energy FY 2005 Congressional Budget FY 2005 Congressional Budget Request Request DOE/ME-0032 Volume 1 February 2004 Volume 1 Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO Printed with soy ink on recycled paper National Nuclear Security Administration National Nuclear Security Administration Office of the Administrator Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation

110

FY 2009 Volume 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 DOE/CF-024 Volume 1 National Nuclear Security Administration Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors February 2008 Office of Chief Financial Officer Department of Energy FY 2009 Congressional Budget Request Volume 1 DOE/CF-024 Volume 1 National Nuclear Security Administration Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Department of Energy/ National Nuclear Security Administration FY 2009 Congressional Budget Volume 1 Table of Contents

111

FY 2010 Volume 3  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 DOE/CF-037 Volume 3 Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Energy Transformation Acceleration Fund Nuclear Energy May 2009 Office of Chief Financial Officer FY 2010 Congressional Budget Request Volume 3 DOE/CF-037 Volume 3 Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Energy Transformation Acceleration Fund Nuclear Energy Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Energy Transformation Acceleration Fund Nuclear Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Energy Transformation Acceleration Fund Nuclear Energy Department of Energy/ Volume 3 FY 2010 Congressional Budget

112

FY 2012 Volume 2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 8 Volume 2 f Department of Energy FY 2012 Congressional B d R Budget Request Other Defense Activities Other Defense Activities Departmental Administration Inspector General Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program Title 17 Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee Program Better Building Pilot Loan Guarantee Initiative for Universities Schools and Hospitals Universities, Schools, and Hospitals Working Capital Fund Energy Information Administration Safeguards and Security Crosscut February 2011 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 2 g y Pensions Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Department of Energy/ Volume 2 FY 2012 Congressional Budget Volume 2 Table of Contents Page Appropriation Account Summary .............................................................................................................3

113

FY 2007 Volume 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chief Financial Officer Chief Financial Officer Volume 1 DOE/CF-002 Volume 1 National Nuclear Security Administration Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Department of Energy FY 2007 Congressional Budget Request February 2006 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 1 DOE/CF-002 Volume 1 National Nuclear Security Administration Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Department of Energy/ National Nuclear Security Administration FY 2007 Congressional Budget

114

FY 2010 Volume 5  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 DOE/CF-039 Volume 5 Environmental Management Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal Nuclear Waste Disposal May 2009 Office of Chief Financial Officer FY 2010 Congressional Budget Request Volume 5 DOE/CF-039 Volume 5 Environmental Management Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal Nuclear Waste Disposal Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Environmental Management Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal Nuclear Waste Disposal Environmental Management Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal Nuclear Waste Disposal Department of Energy FY 2010Congressional Budget Environmental Management/ Defense Nuclear Waste/Nuclear Waste Disposal Volume 5 Table of Contents Page Appropriation Account Summary.............................................................................................................3

115

FY 2013 Volume 6  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 Volume 6 Department of Energy FY 2013 Congressional Budget Request Power Marketing Administrations Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration February 2012 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 6 DOE/CF-0076 Volume 6 Department of Energy FY 2013 Congressional Budget Request Power Marketing Administrations Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration February 2012 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 6 Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Area Power Administration

116

FY 2007 Volume 4  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 DOE/CF-005 Volume 4 Science Nuclear waste disposal Defense nuclear waste disposal Departmental administration Inspector general Working capital fund Department of Energy FY 2007 Congressional Budget Request February 2006 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 4 DOE/CF-005 Volume 4 Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Science Nuclear waste disposal Defense nuclear waste disposal Departmental administration Inspector general Working capital fund Science Nuclear Waste Disposal Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal Departmental Administration Inspector General Working Capital Fund Science Nuclear Waste Disposal Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal Departmental Administration Inspector General Working Capital Fund Department of Energy FY 2007 Congressional Budget Volume 4 Table of Contents

117

FY 2013 Volume 4  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 DOE/CF-0074 Volume 4 Science Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy Department of Energy FY 2013 Congressional Budget Request February 2012 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 4 DOE/CF-0074 Volume 4 Science Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Department of Energy FY 2013 Congressional Budget Request Science Advanced Research Projects Agency- Energy Science Advanced Research Projects Agency- Energy Department of Energy/Science/ Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy FY 2013 Congressional Budget Volume 4 Table of Contents Page Appropriation Account Summary ............................................................................................................................................ 3

118

FY 2008 Volume 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 DOE/CF-014 Volume 1 National Nuclear Security Administration Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Department of Energy FY 2008 Congressional Budget Request February 2007 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 1 DOE/CF-014 Volume 1 National Nuclear Security Administration Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Department of Energy/ National Nuclear Security Administration FY 2008 Congressional Budget Volume 1 Table of Contents

119

FY 2006 Volume 4  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Science Science Nuclear Waste Disposal Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal Departmental Administration Inspector General Working Capital Fund Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO Volume 4 February 2005 DOE/ME-0049 Volume 4 Department of Energy FY 2006 Congressional Budget Request Science Nuclear Waste Disposal Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal Departmental Administration Inspector General Working Capital Fund Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO Volume 4 February 2005 DOE/ME-0049 Volume 4 Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Science Nuclear Waste Disposal Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal Departmental Administration Inspector General Working Capital Fund Science Nuclear Waste Disposal Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal Departmental Administration Inspector General Working Capital Fund

120

FY 2010 Volume 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 DOE/CF-035 Volume 1 National Nuclear Security Administration Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors May 2009 Office of Chief Financial Officer FY 2010 Congressional Budget Request Volume 1 DOE/CF-035 Volume 1 National Nuclear Security Administration Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Department of Energy/ National Nuclear Security Administration FY 2010 Congressional Budget Volume 1 Table of Contents Page Appropriation Account Summary.............................................................................................................3

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Precision volume measurement system.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new precision volume measurement system based on a Kansas City Plant (KCP) design was built to support the volume measurement needs of the Gas Transfer Systems (GTS) department at Sandia National Labs (SNL) in California. An engineering study was undertaken to verify or refute KCP's claims of 0.5% accuracy. The study assesses the accuracy and precision of the system. The system uses the ideal gas law and precise pressure measurements (of low-pressure helium) in a temperature and computer controlled environment to ratio a known volume to an unknown volume.

Fischer, Erin E.; Shugard, Andrew D.

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

FY 2013 Volume 3  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 DOECF-0073 Volume 3 Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Department of Energy FY 2013 Congressional Budget Request Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electricity Delivery...

123

LANL Volume 2_Final  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emergency Management Programs at the Los Alamos National Laboratory Office of Independent Oversight and Performance Assurance Office of the Secretary of Energy April 2002 Volume II...

124

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Sales Volume Goals  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuel Sales Renewable Fuel Sales Volume Goals to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Sales Volume Goals on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Sales Volume Goals on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Sales Volume Goals on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Sales Volume Goals on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Sales Volume Goals on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Sales Volume Goals on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuel Sales Volume Goals The Wisconsin Legislature sets goals for minimum annual renewable fuel

125

Neutron Stars and the Cosmological Constant Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The gravitational aether theory is a modification of general relativity that decouples vacuum energy from gravity, and thus can potentially address the cosmological constant problem. The classical theory is distinguishable from general relativity only in the presence of relativistic pressure (or vorticity). Since the interior of neutron stars has high pressure and as their mass and radius can be measured observationally, they are the perfect laboratory for testing the validity of the aether theory. In this paper, we solve the equations of stellar structure for the gravitational aether theory and find the predicted mass-radius relation of non-rotating neutron stars using two different realistic proposals for the equation of state of nuclear matter. We find that the maximum neutron star mass predicted by the aether theory is 12% - 16% less than the maximum mass predicted by general relativity assuming these two equations of state. We also show that the effect of aether is similar to modifying the equation of state in general relativity. The effective pressure of the neutron star given by the aether theory at a fiducial density differs from the values given by the two nuclear equations of state to an extent that can be constrained using future gravitational wave observations of neutron stars in compact systems. This is a promising way to test the aether theory if further progress is made in constraining the equation of state of nuclear matter in densities above the nuclear saturation density.

Farbod Kamiab; Niayesh Afshordi

2011-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

126

Dark energy, chaotic fields, and fundamental constants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To explain the currently observed accelerated expansion of the universe, a large number of different theoretical models are presently being discussed. In one way or another, all of these contain `new physics', though at different levels. The big question is how to select out of infinitely many possible models the right one. Here we discuss a possibility that has so far been somewhat neglected, namely that the new physics underlying dark energy arises out of a gravitationally active amendment of the electroweak and strong sector of the standard model. This amendment basically consists of a rapidly fluctuating gravitationally active dynamics of vacuum fluctuations with a cutoff of the order of the neutrino mass scale. We consider a concrete model for this based on second-quantized self-interacting scalar fields, which evolve in a chaotic way. It is shown that expectations with respect to the chaotic dynamics yield statements on the observed numerical values of the electroweak coupling constants with amazing precision, thus providing evidence for the physical relevance of this model.

Christian Beck

2005-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

127

Universal equations and constants of turbulent motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a parameter-free theory of shear-generated turbulence at asymptotically high Reynolds numbers in incompressible fluids. It is based on a two-fluids concept. Both components are materially identical and inviscid. The first component is an ensemble of quasi-rigid dipole-vortex tubes as quasi-particles in chaotic motion. The second is a superfluid performing evasive motions between the tubes. The local dipole motions follow Helmholtz' law. The vortex radii scale with the energy-containing length scale. Collisions between quasi-particles lead either to annihilation (likewise rotation, turbulent dissipation) or to scattering (counterrotation, turbulent diffusion). There are analogies with birth and death processes of population dynamics and their master equations. For free homogeneous decay the theory predicts the TKE to follow 1/t. With an adiabatic condition at the wall it predicts the logarithmic law with von Karman's constant as 1/\\sqrt{2 pi} = 0.399. Likewise rotating couples form dissipative patches almost at rest ($\\rightarrow$ intermittency) wherein the spectrum evolves like an "Apollonian gear" as discussed first by Herrmann, 1990. On this basis the prefactor of the 3D-wavenumber spectrum is predicted as (1/3)(4 pi)^{2/3}=1.8; in the Lagrangian frequency spectrum it is simply 2. The results are situated well within the scatter range of observational, experimental and DNS results.

Helmut Z. Baumert

2012-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

128

Arkansas Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Arkansas Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Refiner Sales Volumes; Arkansas Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 ...

129

NIST - Version history of the fundamental constants database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Version history These are the 2010 CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants, the latest CODATA values available. ...

130

Hypersurfaces of constant curvature in asymptotically hyperbolic spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with constant Wein- garten curvature. Math. Ann. , 283(2):The most commonly studied of Wein- garten conditions is f (?

DeConde, David Thomas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

The NIST Reference on Constants, Units, and Uncertainty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The NIST Reference on Constants, Units and Uncertainty, Information at the foundation of modern science and technology from the Physical ...

132

There's more to volatility than volume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is widely believed that fluctuations in transaction volume, as reflected in the number of transactions and to a lesser extent their size, are the main cause of clustered volatility. Under this view bursts of rapid or slow price diffusion reflect bursts of frequent or less frequent trading, which cause both clustered volatility and heavy tails in price returns. We investigate this hypothesis using tick by tick data from the New York and London Stock Exchanges and show that only a small fraction of volatility fluctuations are explained in this manner. Clustered volatility is still very strong even if price changes are recorded on intervals in which the total transaction volume or number of transactions is held constant. In addition the distribution of price returns conditioned on volume or transaction frequency being held constant is similar to that in real time, making it clear that neither of these are the principal cause of heavy tails in price returns. We analyze recent results of Ane and Geman (2000) an...

Gillemot, L; Lillo, F; Gillemot, Laszlo; Lillo, Fabrizio

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

LANL Volume 2_Final  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emergency Emergency Management Programs at the Los Alamos National Laboratory Office of Independent Oversight and Performance Assurance Office of the Secretary of Energy April 2002 Volume II INDEPENDENT OVERSIGHT INSPECTION OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AT THE LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY Volume II April 2002 Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction ................................................................................................................................1 2.0 Results .......................................................................................................................................2 3.0 Conclusions .................................................................................................................................4

134

FY 2012 Volume 6  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 Volume 6 Department of Energy FY 2012 Congressional Budget Request Power Marketing Administrations Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration February 2011 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 6 Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration

135

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: The Windows Volume Purchase RFP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Windows The Windows Volume Purchase RFP to someone by E-mail Share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: The Windows Volume Purchase RFP on Facebook Tweet about High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: The Windows Volume Purchase RFP on Twitter Bookmark High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: The Windows Volume Purchase RFP on Google Bookmark High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: The Windows Volume Purchase RFP on Delicious Rank High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: The Windows Volume Purchase RFP on Digg Find More places to share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: The Windows Volume Purchase RFP on AddThis.com... Home About FAQs Low-E Storm Windows Request for Proposal Contacts For Builders For Residential Buyers For Light Commercial Buyers For Manufacturers

136

Development of Approach to Estimate Volume Fraction of Multiphase Material Using Dielectrics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most engineering as well as pavement materials are composites composed of two or more components to obtain a variety of solid properties to support internal and external loading. The composite materials rely on physical or chemical properties and volume fraction of each component. While the properties can be identified easily, the volume fraction is hard to be estimated due to the volumetric variation during the performance in the field. Various test procedures have been developed to measure the volume fractions; however, they depend on subjective determination and judgment. As an alternative, electromagnetic technique using dielectric constant was developed to estimate the volume fraction. Empirical and mechanistic approaches were used to relate the dielectric constant and volume fraction. While the empirical models are not very accurate in all cases, the mechanistic models require assumptions of constituent dielectric constants. For those reasons, the existing approaches might produce less accurate estimate of volume fraction. In this study, a mechanistic-based approach using the self consistent scheme was developed to be applied to multiphase materials. The new approach was based on calibrated dielectric constant of components to improve results without any assumptions. Also, the system identification was used iteratively to solve for dielectric parameters and volume fraction at each step. As the validation performed to verify the viability of the new approach using soil mixture and portland cement concrete, it was found that the approach has produced a significant improvement in the accuracy of the estimated volume fraction.

Lee, Sang Ick

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

FY 2010 Volume 6  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 DOE/CF-040 Volume 6 Power Marketing Administrations Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration May 2009 Office of Chief Financial Officer FY 2010 Congressional Budget Request Volume 6 DOE/CF-040 Volume 6 Power Marketing Administrations Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Department of Energy/

138

FY 2008 Volume 4  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 DOE/CF-017 Volume 4 Science Nuclear Waste Disposal Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal Departmental Administration Inspector General Loan Guarantee Program Working Capital Fund Department of Energy FY 2008 Congressional Budget Request February 2007 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 4 DOE/CF-017 Volume 4 Science Nuclear Waste Disposal Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal Departmental Administration Inspector General Loan Guarantee Program Working Capital Fund Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Science Nuclear Waste Disposal Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal Departmental Administration Inspector General Loan Guarantee Program Working Capital Fund Science Nuclear Waste Disposal Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal Departmental Administration Inspector General Loan Guarantee Program Working Capital Fund

139

FY 2005 Volume 6  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 Volume 6 Power Marketing Administrations Power Marketing Administrations Southeastern Power Administration Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration February 2004 Volume 6 Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO Department of Energy Department of Energy FY 2005 Congressional Budget FY 2005 Congressional Budget Request Request DOE/ME-0037 Volume 6 Power Marketing Administrations Power Marketing Administrations Southeastern Power Administration Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Area Power Administration

140

FY 2009 Volume 3  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 DOE/CF-026 Volume 3 Energy Supply and Conservation Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Nuclear Energy Legacy Management February 2008 Office of Chief Financial Officer Department of Energy FY 2009 Congressional Budget Request Volume 3 DOE/CF-026 Volume 3 Energy Supply and Conservation Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Nuclear Energy Legacy Management Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Energy Supply and Conservation Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Nuclear Energy Legacy Management Energy Supply and Conservation Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Nuclear Energy Legacy Management

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

FY 2007 Volume 3  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 DOE/CF-004 Volume 3 Energy supply and Conservation Energy efficiency and renewable energy Electricity delivery and energy reliability Nuclear energy Environment, safety and health Legacy management Department of Energy FY 2007 Congressional Budget Request February 2006 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 3 DOE/CF-004 Volume 3 Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Energy supply and Conservation Energy efficiency and renewable energy Electricity delivery and energy reliability Nuclear energy Environment, safety and health Legacy management Energy Supply Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Nuclear Energy Environment, Safety and Health Legacy Management Energy Supply Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability

142

FY 2007 Volume 6  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 DOE/CF-007 Volume 6 Power marketing administrations Southeastern power administration Southwestern power administration Western power administration Bonneville power administration Department of Energy FY 2007 Congressional Budget Request February 2006 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 6 DOE/CF-007 Volume 6 Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Power marketing administrations Southeastern power administration Southwestern power administration Western power administration Bonneville power administration Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Department of Energy/

143

FY 2011 Volume 2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 DOE/CF-0048 Volume 2 Other Defense Activities Departmental Administration Inspector General Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program Title 17 Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee Program Working Capital Fund Energy Information Administration Safeguards and Security Crosscut Domestic Utility Fee Pensions Department of Energy FY 2011 Congressional Budget Request February 2010 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 2 DOE/CF-0048 Volume 2 Other Defense Activities Departmental Administration Inspector General Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program Title 17 Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee Program Working Capital Fund Energy Information Administration Safeguards and Security Crosscut Domestic Utility Fee Pensions Department of Energy FY 2011 Congressional

144

FY 2006 Volume 5  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 February 2005 DOE/ME-0050 Volume 5 Environmental Management Defense Site Acceleration Completion Defense Environmental Services Non-Defense Site Acceleration Completion Non-Defense Environmental Services Uranium Enrichment Decontamination and Decommissioning Fund Department of Energy FY 2006 Congressional Budget Request Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO Volume 5 February 2005 DOE/ME-0050 Volume 5 Environmental Management Defense Site Acceleration Completion Defense Environmental Services Non-Defense Site Acceleration Completion Non-Defense Environmental Services Uranium Enrichment Decontamination and Decommissioning Fund Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Defense Site Acceleration Completion Defense Environmental Services Non-Defense Site Acceleration Completion

145

FY 2009 Volume 2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 DOE/CF-025 Volume 2 Other Defense Activities Departmental Administration Inspector General Loan Guarantee Program Working Capital Fund Energy Information Administration Safeguards and Security Crosscut February 2008 Office of Chief Financial Officer Department of Energy FY 2009 Congressional Budget Request Volume 2 DOE/CF-025 Volume 2 Other Defense Activities Departmental Administration Inspector General Loan Guarantee Program Working Capital Fund Energy Information Administration Safeguards and Security Crosscut Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Other Defense Activities Departmental Administration Inspector General Loan Guarantee Program Working Capital Fund Energy Information Administration Safeguards and Security Crosscut Other Defense Activities Departmental Administration

146

FY 2005 Volume 3  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 Volume 3 February 2004 Volume 3 Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO Energy Supply Energy Supply Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electric Transmission and Distribution Electric Transmission and Distribution Nuclear Energy Nuclear Energy Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Environment, Safety & Health Environment, Safety & Health Future Liabilities Future Liabilities Legacy Management Legacy Management Department of Energy Department of Energy FY 2005 Congressional Budget FY 2005 Congressional Budget Request Request DOE/ME-0034 Volume 3 Energy Supply Energy Supply Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electric Transmission and Distribution

147

FY 2007 Volume 2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 DOE/CF-003 Volume 2 Other defense activities Security & Safety Performance assurance Environment, safety & health Legacy management Nuclear energy Defense related administrative support Hearings and appeals Safeguards & security crosscut Department of Energy FY 2007 Congressional Budget Request February 2006 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 2 DOE/CF-003 Volume 2 Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Other defense activities Security & Safety Performance assurance Environment, safety & health Legacy management Nuclear energy Defense related administrative support Hearings and appeals Safeguards & security crosscut Other Defense Activities Safeguards and Security Crosscut Other Defense Activities Safeguards and Security Crosscut Department of Energy/

148

FY 2006 Volume 2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 February 2005 DOE/ME-0047 Volume 2 Other Defense Activities Security & Performance Assurance Environment, Safety & Health Legacy Management Nuclear Energy Defense Related Administrative Support Office of Hearings & Appeals Safeguards & Security Crosscut Department of Energy FY 2006 Congressional Budget Request Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO Volume 2 February 2005 DOE/ME-0047 Volume 2 Other Defense Activities Security & Performance Assurance Environment, Safety & Health Legacy Management Nuclear Energy Defense Related Administrative Support Office of Hearings & Appeals Safeguards & Security Crosscut Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Other Defense Activities Safeguards and Security Crosscut Other Defense Activities Safeguards and Security Crosscut

149

FY 2011 Volume 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 DOE/CF-0047 Volume 1 National Nuclear Security Administration Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Department of Energy FY 2011 Congressional Budget Request February 2010 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 1 DOE/CF-0047 Volume 1 National Nuclear Security Administration Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Department of Energy FY 2011 Congressional Budget Request Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Department of Energy/ National Nuclear Security Administration FY 2011 Congressional Budget

150

FY 2006 Volume 6  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 February 2005 DOE/ME-0051 Volume 6 Power Marketing Administrations Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Department of Energy FY 2006 Congressional Budget Request Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO Volume 6 February 2005 DOE/ME-0051 Volume 6 Power Marketing Administrations Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Power Administration

151

FY 2009 Volume 6  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 DOE/CF-029 Volume 6 Power Marketing Administrations Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration February 2008 Office of Chief Financial Officer Department of Energy FY 2009 Congressional Budget Request Volume 6 DOE/CF-029 Volume 6 Power Marketing Administrations Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration

152

FY 2008 Volume 6  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 DOE/CF-019 Volume 6 Power Marketing Administrations Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Department of Energy FY 2008 Congressional Budget Request February 2007 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 6 DOE/CF-019 Volume 6 Power Marketing Administrations Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Southeastern Power Administration Southwestern Power Administration Western Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Department of Energy/

153

FY 2010 Volume 2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 DOE/CF-036 Volume 2 Other Defense Activities Departmental Administration Inspector General Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program Title 17 Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee Program Working Capital Fund Energy Information Administration Safeguards and Security Crosscut May 2009 Office of Chief Financial Officer FY 2010 Congressional Budget Request Volume 2 DOE/CF-036 Volume 2 Other Defense Activities Departmental Administration Inspector General Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program Title 17 Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee Program Working Capital Fund Energy Information Administration Safeguards and Security Crosscut Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Other Defense Activities Departmental Administration Inspector General Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program

154

FY 2006 Volume 7  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 February 2005 DOE/ME-0052 Volume 7 Interior & Related Agencies Fossil Energy Research & Development Naval Petroleum & Oil Shale Reserves Elk Hills School Lands Fund Energy Conservation Economic Regulation Strategic Petroleum Reserve Energy Information Administration Clean Coal Technology Department of Energy FY 2006 Congressional Budget Request Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO Volume 7 February 2005 DOE/ME-0052 Volume 7 Interior & Related Agencies Fossil Energy Research & Development Naval Petroleum & Oil Shale Reserves Elk Hills School Lands Fund Energy Conservation Economic Regulation Strategic Petroleum Reserve Energy Information Administration Clean Coal Technology Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Fossil Energy Research and Development

155

FY 2013 Volume I  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 DOE/CF-0071 Volume 1 National Nuclear Security Administration Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Department of Energy FY 2013 Congressional Budget Request February 2012 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 1 DOE/CF-0071 Volume 1 National Nuclear Security Administration Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Department of Energy FY 2013 Congressional Budget Request Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Department of Energy/ National Nuclear Security Administration Page 1 FY 2013 Congressional Budget

156

Automatic detection of sweep-meshable volumes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of and software for automatically determining whether a mesh can be generated by sweeping for a representation of a geometric solid comprising: classifying surface mesh schemes for surfaces of the representation locally using surface vertex types; grouping mappable and submappable surfaces of the representation into chains; computing volume edge types for the representation; recursively traversing surfaces of the representation and grouping the surfaces into source, target, and linking surface lists; and checking traversal direction when traversing onto linking surfaces.

Tautges; Timothy J. (Madison, WI), White; David R. (Pittsburgh, PA)

2006-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

157

FY 2008 Volume 2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 DOE/CF-015 Volume 2 Other Defense Activities Health, Safety and Security Legacy Management Nuclear Energy Defense-Related Administrative Support Hearings and Appeals Safeguards and Security Crosscut Department of Energy FY 2008 Congressional Budget Request February 2007 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 2 DOE/CF-015 Volume 2 Other Defense Activities Health, Safety and Security Legacy Management Nuclear Energy Defense-Related Administrative Support Hearings and Appeals Safeguards and Security Crosscut Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Other Defense Activities Safeguards and Security Crosscut Other Defense Activities Safeguards and Security Crosscut Department of Energy/ Other Defense Activities FY 2008 Congressional Budget Volume 2 Table of Contents Page

158

FY 2006 Volume 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Nuclear Security Administration National Nuclear Security Administration Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO Volume 1 February 2005 DOE/ME-0046 Volume 1 Department of Energy FY 2006 Congressional Budget Request National Nuclear Security Administration Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO Volume 1 February 2005 DOE/ME-0046 Volume 1 Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Department of Energy/ National Nuclear Security Administration FY 2006 Congressional Budget

159

FY 2006 Volume 3  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Supply Energy Supply Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electric Transmission and Distribution Nuclear Energy Environment, Safety & Health Legacy Management Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO Volume 3 February 2005 DOE/ME-0048 Volume 3 Department of Energy FY 2006 Congressional Budget Request Energy Supply Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electric Transmission and Distribution Nuclear Energy Environment, Safety & Health Legacy Management Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO Volume 3 February 2005 DOE/ME-0048 Volume 3 Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Energy Supply Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electric Transmission and Distribution Nuclear Energy Environment, Safety and Health Legacy Management Energy Supply Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

160

Guidelines Volume II  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

II II Sector-Specific Issues and Reporting Methodologies Supporting the General Guidelines for the Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases under Section 1605(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 Part 4: Transportation Sector Part 5: Forestry Sector Part 6: Agricultural Sector Transportation Sector-Page 4.iii Contents of Volume II This volume, the second of two such volumes, contains sector-specific guidance in support of the General Guidelines for the voluntary reporting of greenhouse gas emissions and carbon sequestration. This voluntary reporting program was authorized by Congress in Section 1605(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992. The General Guidelines, bound separately from this volume, provide the overall rationale for the program, discuss in general how to analyze emissions and emission reduction/carbon sequestration projects, and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Guidelines Volume I  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

I I Sector-Specific Issues and Reporting Methodologies Supporting the General Guidelines for the Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases under Section 1605(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 Part 1: Electricity Supply Sector Part 2: Residential and Commercial Buildings Sector Part 3: Industrial Sector Electricity Supply Sector-Page 1.iii Contents of Volume I This volume, the first of two such volumes, contains sector-specific guidance in support of the General Guidelines for the voluntary reporting of greenhouse gas emissions and carbon sequestration. This voluntary reporting program was authorized by Congress in Section 1605(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992. The General Guidelines, bound separately from this volume, provide the overall rationale for the program,

162

2001volume1.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Passenger Volumes Passenger Volumes Eng Passenger Luggage Passenger Luggage Passenger Luggage Displ Volume Volume Volume Volume Volume Volume (liters) (2 dr) (ft 3 ) (2 dr) (ft 3 ) (4 dr) (ft 3 ) (4 dr) (ft 3 ) Hbk (ft 3 ) Hbk (ft 3 ) Acura 3.2cl 3.2 90 14 0 0 0 0 Acura 3.2tl 3.2 0 0 96 14 0 0 Acura 3.5rl 3.5 0 0 96 15 0 0 Acura Integra 1.8 0 0 83 12 77 13 Audi A4 1.8 0 0 88 14 0 0 Audi A4 Avant Quattro 1.8 0 0 89 31 0 0 Audi A4 Quattro 1.8 0 0 88 14 0 0 Audi A6 2.8 0 0 98 15 0 0 Audi A6 Avant Quattro 2.8 0 0 99 36 0 0 Audi A6 Quattro 2.7 0 0 98 15 0 0 Audi A8 L 4.2 0 0 104 18 0 0 Audi A8 Quattro 4.2 0 0 100 18 0 0 Audi S4 2.7 0 0 88 14 0 0 Audi S4 Avant 2.7 0 0 89 31 0 0 Audi S8 Quattro 4.2 0 0 100 18 0 0 Audi TT Coupe 1.8 0 0 0 0 65 14 Audi TT Coupe Quattro 1.8 0 0 0 0 65 11 BMW 325ci 2.5 84 9 0 0 0 0 BMW 325ci Convertible 2.5 74 9 0 0 0 0 BMW 325i 2.5 0 0 91 11 0 0 BMW 325i Sport Wagon 2.5 0 0 91 26 0 0 BMW 325xi 2.5 0 0 91 11 0 0 BMW 325xi Sport Wagon 2.5

163

Using Henry's Constant for Determining the Amount of Isoprene in the Liquid Phase The amount of isoprene in the gas phase (mols)1.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pressure 101,000 (Pa)2. Volume of the liquid phase3. Things you need to know Math Amount of isoprene in gas = ideal gas constant 8.314 J mol-1 K-1 T = temperature of liquid phase units °K (which is 273.1 + °C) CUsing Henry's Constant for Determining the Amount of Isoprene in the Liquid Phase The amount

Last, Robert L.

164

High-Dielectric Constant, High-Temperature Ceramic Capacitors for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Growth of Thick, On-Axis SiC Epitaxial Layers by High Temperature Halide CVD for High Voltage Power Devices · High-Dielectric Constant, High-Temperature ...

165

Numerical analyses of effective dielectric constant of multiphase microporous media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dielectric constant of multiphase porous media are bettermicrostructures of multiphase porous media, and a latticemicrostructures of multiphase porous media and a lattice

Wang, Moran; Pan, Ning

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

A Dual Approach to Estimation With Constant Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Profit Models with Constant Prices Technological Parametersexpected quantities and prices are used as instrumentaldemand functions when prices seem to be the same for all

Paris, Quirino; Caputo, Michael R.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Fundamental Constants Data Center 1995/1996 - Tech. ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fundamental Constants Data Center. 1995/1996 Technical Highlights. Guide for the Use of the SI - 1995 Edition of NIST SP 811. ...

168

Modeling the Pseudocubic Lattice Constant of Rare-earth Doped ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A predictive model for the pseudocubic lattice constant based solely on published ionic radii data has been developed and adapted as a model for tolerance ...

169

Sustainability, Limited Substitutability and Non-Constant Social Discount Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Non-constant Social Discount Rates ? int strict weaktal preservation, and the rate of discount’, Quarterlyhorizon and the discount rate’, Journal of Economic Theory

Traeger, Christian P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

New Values for Natural Constants Available on NIST Web Site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and theories which describe our natural world ... the United States, Canada, Japan, China and Russia. ... best measurement of the molar gas constant in ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

171

Forecast Technical Document Volume Increment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forecast Technical Document Volume Increment Forecasts A document describing how volume increment is handled in the 2011 Production Forecast. Tom Jenkins Robert Matthews Ewan Mackie Lesley Halsall #12;PF2011 ­ Volume increment forecasts Background A volume increment forecast is a fundamental output of the forecast

172

FY 2008 Volume 3  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 DOE/CF-016 Volume 3 Energy Supply and Conservation Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Nuclear Energy Legacy Management Department of Energy FY 2008 Congressional Budget Request February 2007 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 3 DOE/CF-016 Volume 3 Energy Supply and Conservation Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Nuclear Energy Legacy Management Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Energy Supply Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Nuclear Energy Legacy Management Energy Supply Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Nuclear Energy Legacy Management Department of Energy/ Energy Supply and Conservation FY 2008 Congressional Budget

173

FY 2010 Volume 7  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 DOE/CF-041 Volume 7 Fossil Energy Research and Development Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves Strategic Petroleum Reserve Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Clean Coal Technology Ultra-Deepwater Unconventional Natural Gas May 2009 Office of Chief Financial Officer FY 2010 Congressional Budget Request Volume 7 DOE/CF-041 Volume 7 Fossil Energy Research and Development Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves Strategic Petroleum Reserve Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Clean Coal Technology Ultra-Deepwater Unconventional Natural Gas Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Fossil Energy Research and Development Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves Strategic Petroleum Reserve Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Clean Coal Technology Ultra-Deepwater Unconventional Natural Gas

174

FY 2007 Volume 7  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 DOE/CF-008 Volume 7 Fossil energy and other Fossil energy research and development Naval petroleum & oil shale reserves Elk hills school lands fund Strategic petroleum reserve Clean coal technology Energy information administration Department of Energy FY 2007 Congressional Budget Request February 2006 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 7 DOE/CF-008 Volume 7 Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Fossil energy and other Fossil energy research and development Naval petroleum & oil shale reserves Elk hills school lands fund Strategic petroleum reserve Clean coal technology Energy information administration Fossil Energy Research and Development Naval Petroleum & Oil Shale Reserves Elk Hills School Lands Fund Strategic Petroleum Reserve Clean Coal Technology

175

FY 2008 Volume 7  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 DOE/CF-020 Volume 7 Fossil Energy and Other Fossil Energy Research and Development Naval Petroleum & Oil Shale Reserves Elk Hills School Lands Fund Strategic Petroleum Reserve Clean Coal Technology Ultra-Deepwater Unconventional Natural Gas Energy Information Administration Department of Energy FY 2008 Congressional Budget Request February 2007 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 7 DOE/CF-020 Volume 7 Fossil Energy and Other Fossil Energy Research and Development Naval Petroleum & Oil Shale Reserves Elk Hills School Lands Fund Strategic Petroleum Reserve Clean Coal Technology Ultra-Deepwater Unconventional Natural Gas Energy Information Administration Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Fossil Energy Research and Development Naval Petroleum & Oil Shale Reserves

176

FY 2009 Volume 7  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 DOE/CF-030 Volume 7 Fossil Energy Research and Development Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves Strategic Petroleum Reserve Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Clean Coal Technology Ultra-Deepwater Unconventional Natural Gas February 2008 Office of Chief Financial Officer Department of Energy FY 2009 Congressional Budget Request Volume 7 DOE/CF-030 Volume 7 Fossil Energy Research and Development Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves Strategic Petroleum Reserve Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Clean Coal Technology Ultra-Deepwater Unconventional Natural Gas Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Fossil Energy Research and Development Naval Petroleum & Oil Shale Reserves Strategic Petroleum Reserve Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Clean Coal Technology Ultra-Deepwater Unconventional Natural Gas

177

Water Quality Program, Volume 1 (Alabama) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program, Volume 1 (Alabama) Program, Volume 1 (Alabama) Water Quality Program, Volume 1 (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Municipal/Public Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Alabama Program Type Environmental Regulations This volume of the water quality program mainly deals with the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System. National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System" or "(NPDES)" means the national program for issuing, modifying, revoking and reissuing, terminating, monitoring and enforcing permits for the discharge of pollutants into waters of the state. An industrial user, whether or not the user is subject to other categorical

178

volume.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Passenger Luggage Passenger Luggage Passenger Luggage Passenger Luggage Volume Volume Volume Volume Volume Volume (2 dr) (ft 3 ) (2 dr) (ft 3 ) (4 dr) (ft 3 ) (4 dr) (ft 3 ) Hbk (ft 3 ) Hbk (ft 3 ) Acura 3.2tl 0 0 96 14 0 0 Acura 3.5rl 0 0 96 15 0 0 Acura Integra 0 0 83 12 77 13 Aston Martin DB-7 Vantage Coupe 72 6 0 0 0 0 Aston Martin DB-7 Vantage Volante 72 6 0 0 0 0 Audi A4 0 0 88 14 0 0 Audi A4 Avant 0 0 89 31 0 0 Audi A4 Avant Quattro 0 0 89 31 0 0 Audi A4 Quattro 0 0 88 14 0 0 Audi A6 0 0 98 15 0 0 Audi A6 Avant Quattro 0 0 99 36 0 0 Audi A6 Quattro 0 0 98 15 0 0 Audi A8 Quattro 0 0 100 18 0 0 Audi S4 0 0 88 14 0 0 Audi TT Coupe 0 0 0 0 65 14 Audi TT Coupe Quattro 0 0 0 0 65 11 BMW 323ci 84 9 0 0 0 0 BMW 323i 0 0 91 11 0 0 BMW 323i Convertible 0 0 74 9 0 0 BMW 323i Touring 0 0 91 26 0 0 BMW 328ci 84 9 0 0 0 0 BMW 328i 0 0 91 11 0 0 BMW 528i 0 0 93 11 0 0 BMW 528i Sport Wagon 0 0 96 33 0 0 BMW 540i 0 0 93 11 0 0 BMW 540i Sport Wagon 0 0 96 33 0 0 BMW 740i, 740i Sport

179

A pair of disjoint 3-GDDs of type gtu1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pairwise disjoint 3-GDDs can be used to construct some optimal constant-weight codes. We study the existence of a pair of disjoint 3-GDDs of type g t u 1 and establish that its necessary conditions ... Keywords: 05B05, Constant-composition code, Constant-weight code, Disjoint, Group divisible design, Idempotent Latin square, Modified group divisible design, Resolvable

Yanxun Chang; Yeow Meng Chee; Junling Zhou

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Enumeration Algorithm for Determination of Binding Constants in Capillary Electrophoresis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

result in the new migration time. Because the true binding constant and complex mobility values have. With the enumeration algorithm, all possible combinations of the binding constant and the complex mobility in certain and the mobility of the complex formed between the interacting pair, to form a 2-D curve. When the experimental

Chen, David D.Y.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Optimal scheduling for constant-rate multi-mode systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Constant-rate multi-mode systems are hybrid systems that can switch freely among a finite set of modes, and whose dynamics is specified by a finite number of real-valued variables with mode-dependent constant rates. The schedulability problem for such ... Keywords: cyber-physical systems, green scheduling, hybrid automata, peak minimization, switched systems

Rajeev Alur; Ashutosh Trivedi; Dominik Wojtczak

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Problems of Cosmological Variability of Fundamental Physical Constants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the fundamental constants which govern most of the common phenomena and are usually given in the handbooks. NoteProblems of Cosmological Variability of Fundamental Physical Constants #3; D. A. Varshalovich, A. Y and astronomical observations aimed at testing the possible space-time variability of fundamental physical

183

Equilibrium surface distributions for constant energy ensembles B. I. Henry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Equilibrium surface distributions for constant energy ensembles B. I. Henry Department of Applied distributions are seen [11,12]. In this paper we shall discuss how one calculates the constant energy energy en­ semble are discussed. An equilibrium surface density is introduced and used to calculate

Henry, Bruce Ian

184

FY 2005 Volume 7  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 8 Volume 7 Interior & Related Agencies Interior & Related Agencies Fossil Energy Research & Development Fossil Energy Research & Development Naval Petroleum & Oil Shale Reserves Naval Petroleum & Oil Shale Reserves Elk Hills School Lands Fund Elk Hills School Lands Fund Energy Conservation Energy Conservation Economic Regulation Economic Regulation Strategic Petroleum Reserve Strategic Petroleum Reserve Energy Information Administration Energy Information Administration Clean Coal Technology Clean Coal Technology February 2004 Volume 7 Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO Department of Energy Department of Energy FY 2005 Congressional Budget FY 2005 Congressional Budget Request Request Interior & Related Agencies Interior & Related Agencies

185

FY 2005 Volume 5  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 Volume 5 Environmental Management Environmental Management Defense Site Acceleration Completion Defense Site Acceleration Completion Defense Environmental Services Defense Environmental Services Non Non - - Defense Site Acceleration Completion Defense Site Acceleration Completion Non Non - - Defense Environmental Services Defense Environmental Services Uranium Enrichment Decontamination Uranium Enrichment Decontamination and Decommissioning Fund and Decommissioning Fund February 2004 Volume 5 Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO Department of Energy Department of Energy FY 2005 Congressional Budget FY 2005 Congressional Budget Request Request Environmental Management Environmental Management Defense Site Acceleration Completion Defense Site Acceleration Completion

186

FY 2005 Volume 2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 Volume 2 February 2004 Volume 2 Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO Other Defense Activities Other Defense Activities Energy Security and Assurance Energy Security and Assurance Security Security Independent Oversight & Performance Assurance Independent Oversight & Performance Assurance Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Environment, Safety & Health Environment, Safety & Health Legacy Management Legacy Management Nuclear Energy Nuclear Energy Defense Related Administrative Support Defense Related Administrative Support Office of Hearings & Appeals Office of Hearings & Appeals Future Liabilities Future Liabilities Safeguards & Security Crosscut Safeguards & Security Crosscut Department of Energy

187

Strict inequalities for connective constants of transitive graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The connective constant of a graph is the exponential growth rate of the number of self-avoiding walks starting at a given vertex. Strict inequalities are proved for connective constants of vertex-transitive graphs. Firstly, the connective constant decreases strictly when the graph is replaced by a non-trivial quotient graph. Secondly, the connective constant increases strictly when a quasi-transitive family of new edges is added. These results have the following implications for Cayley graphs. The connective constant of a Cayley graph decreases strictly when a new relator is added to the group, and increases strictly when a non-trivial group element is declared to be a generator.

Geoffrey R. Grimmett; Zhongyang Li

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

188

Bang-bang-type optimal constant current control of parallel ac-dc power transmission systems  

SciTech Connect

The transient stability of an ac-dc hybrid system can be improved greatly by controlling the power flow of the dc transmission line. In this study the optimal changeover curve of dc current setting value on the phase plane with a quadratic curve are approximated. The coefficients of this curve are calculated in advance taking into account the loading condition of the power system and hence the proposed control scheme can be used for emergency control of the power system. The main conclusions from this study were that: to facilitate transient stability analysis, the dc transmission line is represented by equivalent load admittances, which vary every second with the operating condition of the transmission line; the action of the speed governor increases the damping coefficient of the power system and reduces the control time which means that the admissible range of the dc current setting value can be reduced by increasing the governor gain; and the optimal change-over curve of the dc current setting value is approximated by a quadratic curve, whose coefficients can be calculated in advance taking into account the loading condition of the power system. The suboptimal changeover curve thus obtained makes it possible to change the setting value of dc current without time delay in emergency condition. While the case of three-phase short-circuit fault was specifically discussed, it is possible to extend the results obtained to the case of successful or unsuccessful reclosing. The proposed method could also be applied to multimachine systems by using equivalent network reduction methods.

Kobayashi, H.; Ichiyanagi, K.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Viability Assessment Volume 4  

SciTech Connect

Volume 4 provides the DOE plan and cost estimate for the remaining work necessary to proceed from completing this VA to submitting an LA to NRC. This work includes preparing an EIS and evaluating the suitability of the site. Both items are necessary components of the documentation required to support a decision in 2001 by the Secretary of Energy on whether or not to recommend that the President approve the site for development as a repository. If the President recommends the site to Congress and the site designation becomes effective, then DOE will submit the LA to NRC in 2002 for authorization to construct the repository. The work described in Volume 4 constitutes the last step in the characterization of the Yucca Mountain site and the design and evaluation of the performance of a repository system in the geologic setting of this site. The plans in this volume for the next 4 years' work are based on the results of the previous 15 years' work, as reported in Volumes 1, 2, and 3 of this VA. Volume 1 summarizes what DOE has learned to date about the Yucca Mountain site. Volume 2 describes the current, reference repository design, several design options that might enhance the performance of the reference design, and several alternative designs that represent substantial departures from the reference design. Volume 2 also summarizes the results of tests of candidate materials for waste packages and for support of the tunnels into which waste would be emplaced. Volume 3 provides the results of the latest performance assessments undertaken to evaluate the performance of the design in the geologic setting of Yucca Mountain. The results described in Volumes 1, 2, and 3 provide the basis for identifying and prioritizing the work described in this volume. DOE believes that the planned work, together with the results of previous work, will be sufficient to support a site suitability evaluation for site recommendation and, if the site is recommended and designated, a defensible LA. Volume 4 is divided into seven sections. Section 2 presents a rationale and summary for the technical work to be done to develop the preclosure and postclosure safety cases that will support the compliance evaluations required for the evaluation of site suitability and for licensing. Section 2 also describes other necessary technical work, including that needed to support design decisions and development of the necessary design information. Section 3 presents a more detailed description of the technical work required to address the issues identified in Section 2. Section 3 also describes activities that will continue after submittal of the site recommendation and the LA. Examples include the drift scale heater test in the Exploratory Studies Facility (Section 3.1.4.3) and long-term waste package corrosion testing (Section 3.2.2.9). Section 4 discusses the statutory and regulatory framework for site recommendation and submittal of an LA, and describes the activities and documentation that must be completed to achieve these milestones, including the development of an EIS. Section 5 describes the numerous activities required to support program milestones, including support for completing the testing program, continuing tests as part of the performance confirmation program, and managing information and records to support regulatory and legal review. Sections 6 and 7 provide cost and schedule information for the activities planned.

DOE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

SU(2) Low-Energy Constants from Mixed-Action Lattice QCD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of the pion mass and pion decay constant is performed using mixed-action Lattice QCD calculations with domain-wall valence quarks on ensembles of rooted, staggered n_f = 2+1 MILC configurations. Calculations were performed at two lattice spacings of b~0.125 fm and b~0.09 fm, at two strange quark masses, multiple light quark masses, and a number of lattice volumes. The ratios of light quark to strange quark masses are in the range 0.1 quark action. A consistency is demonstrated between a chiral perturbation theory analysis at fixed lattice spacing combined with a leading order continuum extrapolation, and the mixed-action chiral perturbation theory analysis which explicitly includes the leading order discretization effects. Chiral corrections to the pion decay constant are found to give f_\\pi / f = 1.062(26)(+42-40) where f is the decay constant in the chiral limit. The most recent scale setting by the MILC Collaboration yields a postdiction of f_\\pi = 128.2(3.6)(+4.4-6.0)(+1.2-3.3) MeV at the physical pion mass.

Silas Beane, William Detmold, Parikshit Junnarkar, T.C. Luu, Konstantinos Orginos, Assumpta Parreno, Martin Savage, Aaron Torok, Andre Walker-Loud

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Volume Refinement Fairing Isosurfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose an interpolating refinement method for two- and three-dimensional scalar fields defined on hexahedral grids. Iterative fairing of the underlying contours (isosurfaces) provides the function values of new grid points. Our method can be considered ... Keywords: adaptive mesh refinement, isosurfaces, subdivision, variational modeling, volume fairing

Martin Bertram

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Methodology for extracting local constants from petroleum cracking flows  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A methodology provides for the extraction of local chemical kinetic model constants for use in a reacting flow computational fluid dynamics (CFD) computer code with chemical kinetic computations to optimize the operating conditions or design of the system, including retrofit design improvements to existing systems. The coupled CFD and kinetic computer code are used in combination with data obtained from a matrix of experimental tests to extract the kinetic constants. Local fluid dynamic effects are implicitly included in the extracted local kinetic constants for each particular application system to which the methodology is applied. The extracted local kinetic model constants work well over a fairly broad range of operating conditions for specific and complex reaction sets in specific and complex reactor systems. While disclosed in terms of use in a Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) riser, the inventive methodology has application in virtually any reaction set to extract constants for any particular application and reaction set formulation. The methodology includes the step of: (1) selecting the test data sets for various conditions; (2) establishing the general trend of the parametric effect on the measured product yields; (3) calculating product yields for the selected test conditions using coupled computational fluid dynamics and chemical kinetics; (4) adjusting the local kinetic constants to match calculated product yields with experimental data; and (5) validating the determined set of local kinetic constants by comparing the calculated results with experimental data from additional test runs at different operating conditions.

Chang, Shen-Lin (Woodridge, IL); Lottes, Steven A. (Naperville, IL); Zhou, Chenn Q. (Munster, IN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Interplanetary Measures Can Not Bound the Cosmological Constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of a cosmological constant on the precession of the line of apsides is O(\\Lambda c^2 r^3/GM) which is 3(H_\\circ P)^2/8\\pi^2 \\approx 10^{-23} for a vacuum-dominated Universe with Hubble constant H_\\circ = 65 km/sec/Mpc and for the orbital period P = 88 days of Mercury. This is unmeasurably small, so planetary perturbations cannot be used to limit the cosmological constant, contrary to the suggestion by Cardona & Tejeiro (1998).

Edward L. Wright

1998-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

194

Optical properties of fly ash. Volume 2, Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research performed under this contract was divided into four tasks under the following headings: Task 1, Characterization of fly ash; Task 2, Measurements of the optical constants of slags; Task 3, Calculations of the radiant properties of fly ash dispersions; and Task 4, Measurements of the radiant properties of fly ash dispersions. Tasks 1 and 4 constituted the Ph.D. research topic of Sarbajit Ghosal, while Tasks 2 and 3 constituted the Ph.D. research topic of Jon Ebert. Together their doctoral dissertations give a complete account of the work performed. This final report, issued in two volumes consists of an executive summary of the whole program followed by the dissertation of Ghosal and Ebert. Volume 2 contains the dissertation of Ebert which covers the measurements of the optical constants of slags, and calculations of the radiant properties of fly ash dispersions. A list of publications and conference presentations resulting from the work is also included.

Self, S.A.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Giant Dielectric Constant Controlled by Maxwell-Wagner Dielectric  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Giant Dielectric Constant Controlled Giant Dielectric Constant Controlled by Maxwell-Wagner Dielectric Relaxation in Al2O3/TiO2 Nanolaminates Synthesized by Atomic Layer Deposition Giant Dielectric Constant Controlled by Maxwell-Wagner Dielectric Relaxation in Al2O3/TiO2 Nanolaminates Synthesized by Atomic Layer Deposition Nanolaminate consisting of Al2O3 and TiO2 oxide sublayers were synthesized, using atomic layer deposition (ALD) to produce individual layers with atomic scale control. The main goal of this work is to produce robust high dielectric constant layers based on biocompatible materials, such as Al2O3 and TiO2, suitable to fabricate high-capacitance capacitors for microchip embedded energy storage capacitor for implantable biomedical devices. However, these capacitors based on Al2O3/TiO2 nanolaminates can provide

196

Determination of Single Crystal Elastic Constants From DS- and DR ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

D.L. Anton, T. Khan, R.D. Kissinger, D.L. Klarstrom ... is determined by the two angles 8 and Q. The constants S,,, Su, and S,, characterize the elastic behaviour of ...

197

DOE fundamentals handbook: Material science. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

This handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors in providing operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of the structure and properties of metals. This volume contains the two modules: structure of metals (bonding, common lattic types, grain structure/boundary, polymorphis, alloys, imperfections in metals) and properties of metals (stress, strain, Young modulus, stress-strain relation, physical properties, working of metals, corrosion, hydrogen embrittlement, tritium/material compatibility).

Not Available

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Viability Assessment Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This volume describes the major design features of the Monitored Geologic Repository. This document is not intended to provide an exhaustive, detailed description of the repository design. Rather, this document summarizes the major systems and primary elements of the design that are radiologically significant, and references the specific technical documents and design analyses wherein the details can be found. Not all portions of the design are at the same level of completeness. Highest priority has been given to assigning resources to advance the design of the Monitored Geologic Repository features that are important to radiological safety and/or waste isolation and for which there is no NRC licensing precedent. Those features that are important to radiological safety and/or waste isolation, but for which there is an NRC precedent, receive second priority. Systems and features that have no impact on radiological safety or waste isolation receive the lowest priority. This prioritization process, referred to as binning, is discussed in more detail in Section 2.3. Not every subject discussed in this volume is given equal treatment with regard to the level of detail provided. For example, less detail is provided for the surface facility design than for the subsurface and waste package designs. This different level of detail is intentional. Greater detail is provided for those functions, structures, systems, and components that play key roles with regard to protecting radiological health and safety and that are not common to existing nuclear facilities already licensed by NRC. A number of radiological subjects are not addressed in the VA, (e.g., environmental qualification of equipment). Environmental qualification of equipment and other radiological safety considerations will be addressed in the LA. Non-radiological safety considerations such as silica dust control and other occupational safety considerations are considered equally important but are not addressed in th is volume of the VA (see Volume 1, Section 2.2.1.2, subsection on Health Related Mineral Issues).

DOE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

PWR Field Experience with Elevated, Constant pH  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report analyzes chemistry data from several pressurized water reactors (PWRs) operating reactor coolant with elevated, constant pH to determine its effectiveness for managing core performance and dose rate problems stemming from corrosion product and activity transport. The operating data are supplemented with relevant shutdown and startup experience to identify the overall impact of elevated, constant pH on primary system operation.

2001-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

200

Lipid Oxidation Pathways, Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book complements Lipid Oxidation Pathways, Volume 1. Lipid Oxidation Pathways, Volume 2 Health acid analysis aocs april articles chloropropanediol contaminants detergents dietary fats division divisions esters fats fatty food foods glycidol Health h

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8,502.8 8,502.8 30,091.1 22,860.9 121,863.2 24,529.2 169,253.3 7,955.3 8,081.1 12,658.5 10,618.5 1,152.7 24,429.7 February ............................. 33,160.7 35,054.9 31,625.2 135,105.9 26,023.8 192,754.9 5,205.4 5,273.9 5,951.6 5,714.2 333.0 11,998.8 March .................................. 37,159.8 39,011.8 35,012.6 142,409.7 27,404.1 204,826.5 2,090.0 2,127.2 2,619.4 2,344.1 - 4,963.5 April .................................... 38,869.0 40,735.1 36,827.8 142,606.1 26,540.1 205,973.9 568.3 580.0 980.8 1,461.1 - 2,442.0 May ..................................... 39,582.4 41,396.9 37,319.3 150,843.9 27,558.2 215,721.4 573.6 584.7 957.5 1,537.7 - 2,495.2 June .................................... 40,991.9 42,912.3 37,954.3 156,346.5 32,447.1 226,747.9 591.6 592.0 990.8 1,609.0 -

202

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

220.9 220.9 31,104.3 23,193.9 128,995.0 28,849.6 181,038.6 5,089.3 5,164.2 4,062.8 5,720.8 - 9,783.6 February ............................. 31,284.4 33,213.6 24,062.8 134,673.5 33,175.3 191,911.6 4,908.5 4,980.9 4,025.8 5,317.8 - 9,343.6 March .................................. 34,100.8 36,002.0 25,985.0 139,340.5 30,160.8 195,486.2 2,710.3 2,764.7 2,622.6 2,796.9 - 5,419.5 April .................................... 35,684.3 37,877.0 27,895.8 146,733.8 29,409.3 204,038.9 1,203.7 1,224.2 652.4 2,016.6 - 2,669.0 May ..................................... 35,150.2 36,866.7 27,401.6 148,271.7 28,449.3 204,122.6 1,711.4 1,730.6 1,284.0 2,091.9 - 3,375.9 June .................................... 36,536.0 38,235.2 27,402.2 151,739.3 24,832.7 203,974.3 1,956.2 1,978.1

203

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4,707.0 4,707.0 35,821.0 18,450.2 130,177.8 22,726.5 171,354.5 3,900.7 3,926.0 4,696.8 7,088.7 - 11,785.5 February ............................. 36,412.6 37,699.7 20,174.0 142,313.8 25,388.9 187,876.8 3,924.9 3,949.8 5,137.3 6,882.9 - 12,020.2 March .................................. 36,632.6 38,121.0 21,255.9 152,151.5 30,915.0 204,322.3 3,382.2 3,401.8 4,711.1 5,122.9 - 9,833.9 April .................................... 37,971.4 39,384.5 23,410.4 155,157.1 40,216.9 218,784.4 1,927.8 1,934.5 1,997.5 3,438.3 - 5,435.9 May ..................................... 37,771.0 39,109.5 22,504.7 154,536.5 34,938.2 211,979.5 1,944.7 1,953.1 1,570.1 3,450.5 - 5,020.5 June .................................... 37,777.7 38,969.0 22,350.8 163,781.5 29,805.1 215,937.4 2,027.1

204

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

161.3 161.3 30,767.0 22,353.2 127,342.1 24,284.9 173,980.2 8,319.4 8,460.9 13,456.3 W W 24,653.0 February ............................. 32,286.1 34,080.3 31,066.3 138,106.2 29,977.1 199,149.6 6,264.3 6,341.7 6,239.1 5,890.3 - 12,129.4 March .................................. 36,529.7 38,362.8 35,134.3 141,063.5 25,588.4 201,786.1 2,972.7 3,032.6 2,589.4 W W 4,958.5 April .................................... 36,904.9 38,994.6 31,715.8 147,020.0 33,979.9 212,715.8 1,558.8 1,592.8 1,049.5 1,668.8 - 2,718.3 May ..................................... 36,751.1 38,541.5 28,743.2 148,337.4 29,640.9 206,721.5 1,299.8 1,333.0 1,005.5 1,838.7 - 2,844.3 June .................................... 37,465.1 39,108.4 28,592.7 147,682.3 36,046.6 212,321.6

205

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3,177.2 3,177.2 34,690.6 19,370.8 133,144.1 32,691.0 185,205.9 4,123.8 4,154.0 3,780.0 6,946.2 - 10,726.2 February ............................. 34,982.2 36,460.3 20,433.1 137,937.1 31,470.5 189,840.6 3,923.6 3,954.4 3,674.9 6,513.4 - 10,188.4 March .................................. 37,598.4 39,137.5 21,474.3 144,372.0 29,697.5 195,543.8 2,947.2 2,972.1 3,243.6 4,126.4 - 7,370.0 April .................................... 34,901.4 36,438.7 22,519.1 148,658.4 39,120.8 210,298.2 2,159.0 2,174.7 1,880.2 3,562.0 - 5,442.2 May ..................................... 35,698.2 37,200.2 22,890.9 150,690.5 35,704.2 209,285.5 2,007.8 2,022.5 1,824.9 3,446.9 - 5,271.8 June .................................... 36,351.1 37,897.0 23,252.4 157,837.8 38,644.7 219,734.8 2,006.0

206

Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

58,921.8 56,922.5 55,453.9 54,959.2 53,458.9 54,523.8 1983-2012 58,921.8 56,922.5 55,453.9 54,959.2 53,458.9 54,523.8 1983-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 15,392.8 16,081.8 15,898.2 15,821.2 15,588.0 15,512.9 1983-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 1,279.6 1,525.1 1,132.7 1,146.9 1,177.7 1,153.8 1983-2012 Connecticut 204.6 192.9 153.5 157.1 W 181.0 1983-2012 Maine 175.6 141.7 134.2 161.7 132.7 125.2 1983-2012 Massachusetts 819.4 1,118 676.6 675.6 720.1 710.2 1983-2012 New Hampshire 15.1 15.4 W 62.0 64.1 38.8 1983-2012 Rhode Island 33.3 30.3 75.7 67.2 W W 1983-2012 Vermont 31.6 26.9 W 23.4 23.8 W 1983-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 7,527.2 7,614.5 7,315.1 7,397.0 7,311.6 7,228.9 1983-2012 Delaware 11.2 11.9 8.7 10.1 10.0 14.1 1983-2012 District of Columbia - - - - - - 1983-2012

207

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,109.3 - 4,980.7 April ... - 6.9 751.6 454.5 W 1,241.1 - 44.3 2,978.0 2,285.3 W 5,309.5 May ... - W 744.9 W...

208

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,442.5 1,639.6 1,276.8 330.7 3,247.2 November ... 195.5 197.5 241.1 172.4 - 413.5 1,429.9 1,446.9 1,582.9 1,336.9 173.5 3,093.4 December...

209

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

W 449.6 W W 1,212.7 July ... 16.0 16.1 105.8 135.3 - 241.1 70.0 73.0 439.9 W W 1,120.6 August ... 17.5 17.8 110.8...

210

Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Naphtha-Type Jet Fuel  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

211

Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

58,386.8 57,380.8 57,511.7 61,022.4 59,252.0 55,062.2 1983-2013 58,386.8 57,380.8 57,511.7 61,022.4 59,252.0 55,062.2 1983-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 18,284.2 16,437.1 16,943.8 16,884.2 16,412.3 14,287.5 1983-2013 New England (PADD 1A) 1,211.3 1,172.2 1,228.4 1,207.8 1,432.6 1,121.1 1983-2013 Connecticut 212.1 202.7 207.0 164.4 246.4 169.3 1983-2013 Maine 115.8 127.2 131.1 141.6 144.0 137.8 1983-2013 Massachusetts 738.4 705.5 738.7 743.0 863.8 670.3 1983-2013 New Hampshire 37.4 29.5 35.2 41.8 50.6 44.1 1983-2013 Rhode Island 88.5 W 89.9 89.9 99.2 76.9 1983-2013 Vermont 19.1 W 26.5 27.0 28.7 22.7 1983-2013 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 9,320.4 7,996.8 8,594.9 8,104.5 8,284.9 7,114.1 1983-2013 Delaware W W W W W W 1983-2013 District of Columbia W W W W W W 1983-2013

212

Missouri Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

213

Toroidal constant-tension superconducting magnetic energy storage units  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting magnetic energy storage unit is provided in which the magnet is wound in a toroidal fashion such that the magnetic field produced is contained only within the bore of the magnet, and thus producing a very low external field. The superconducting magnet includes a coolant channel disposed through the wire. The bore of the magnet comprises a storage volume in which cryogenic coolant is stored, and this volume supplies the coolant to be delivered to the coolant in the magnet.

Herring, J.S.

1990-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

214

Toroidal constant-tension superconducting magnetic energy storage units  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting magnetic energy storage unit is provided in which the magnet is wound in a toroidal fashion such that the magnetic field produced is contained only within the bore of the magnet, and thus producing a very low external field. The superconducting magnet includes a coolant channel disposed through the wire. The bore of the magnet comprises a storage volume in which cryogenic coolant is stored, and this volume supplies the coolant to be delivered to the coolant channel in the magnet.

Herring, J. Stephen (Idaho Falls, ID)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Environmental report 1995. Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is Volume 2 of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory`s (LLNL`s) annual Environmental Report 1995. This volume is intended to support summary data from Volume 1 and is essentially a detailed data report that provides additional data points, where applicable. Some summary data are also included in Volume 2, and more detailed accounts are given of sample collection and analytical methods. Volume 2 includes information in eight chapters on monitoring of air, air effluent, sewage, surface water, ground water, soil and sediment, vegetation and foodstuff, and environmental radiation, as well as three chapters on ground water protection, compliance self-monitoring and quality assurance.

Harrach, R.J.; Failor, R.A.; Gallegos, G.M. [and others

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Compactifications of F-Theory on Calabi-Yau Threefolds at Constant Coupli ng  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generalizing the work of Sen, we analyze special points in the moduli space of the compactification of the F-theory on elliptically fibered Calabi-Yau threefolds where the coupling remains constant. These contain points where they can be realized as orbifolds of six torus $T^6$ by $Z_m \\times Z_n (m, n=2, 3, 4, 6)$. At various types of intersection points of singularities, we find that the enhancement of gauge symmetries arises from the intersection of two kinds of singularities. We also argue that when we take the Hirzebruch surface as a base for the Calabi- Yau threefold, the condition for constant coupling corresponds to the case where the point like instantons coalesce, giving rise to enhanced gauge group of $Sp(k)$.

Changhyun Ahn; Soonkeon Nam

1997-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

217

Constraints on quintessence and new physics from fundamental constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Changes in the values of the fundamental constants mu, the proton to electron mass ratio, and alpha, the fine structure constant due to rolling scalar fields have been discussed both in the context of cosmology and in new physics such as Super Symmetry (SUSY) models. This article examines the changes in these fundamental constants in a particular example of such fields, freezing and thawing slow roll quintessence. Constraints are placed on the product of a cosmological quantity, w, the equation of state parameter, and the square of the coupling constants for mu and alpha with the field, zeta_x, x = mu,alpha, using the existing observational limits on the values of Delta x/x. Various examples of slow rolling quintessence models are used to further quantify the constraints. Some of the examples appear to be rejected by the existing data which strongly suggests that conformation to the values of the fundamental constants in the early universe is a standard test that should be applied to any cosmological model or suggested new physics.

Rodger I. Thompson

2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

218

Conformal symmetry of gravity and the cosmological constant problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In absence of matter Einstein gravity with a cosmological constant $\\La$ can be formulated as a scale-free theory depending only on the dimensionless coupling constant G \\Lambda where G is Newton constant. We derive the conformal field theory (CFT) and its improved stress-energy tensor that describe the dynamics of conformally flat perturbations of the metric. The CFT has the form of a constrained \\lambda \\phi^{4} field theory. In the cosmological framework the model describes the usual Friedmann-Robertson-Walker flat universe. The conformal symmetry of the gravity sector is broken by coupling with matter. The dimensional coupling constants G and \\Lambda are introduced by different terms in this coupling. If the vacuum of quantum matter fields respects the symmetry of the gravity sector, the vacuum energy has to be zero and the ``physical'' cosmological constant is generated by the coupling of gravity with matter. This could explain the tiny value of the observed energy density driving the accelerating expansion of the universe.

Mariano Cadoni

2006-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

219

The quantization of unimodular gravity and the cosmological constant problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A quantization of unimodular gravity is described, which results in a quantum effective action which is also unimodular, ie a function of a metric with fixed determinant. A consequence is that contributions to the energy momentum tensor of the form of the metric times a spacetime constant, whether classical or quantum, are not sources of curvature in the equations of motion derived from the quantum effective action. This solves the first cosmological constant problem, which is suppressing the enormous contributions to the cosmological constant coming from quantum corrections. We discuss several forms of uniodular gravity and put two of them, including one proposed by Henneaux and Teitelboim, in constrained Hamiltonian form. The path integral is constructed from the latter. Furthermore, the second cosmological constant problem, which is why the measured value is so small, is also addressed by this theory. We argue that a mechanism first proposed by Ng and van Dam for suppressing the cosmological constant by quantum effects obtains at the semiclassical level.

Lee Smolin

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

220

Modified Nose-Hoover thermostat for solid state for constant temperature molecular dynamics simulation  

SciTech Connect

Nose-Hoover (NH) thermostat methods incorporated with molecular dynamics (MD) simulation have been widely used to simulate the instantaneous system temperature and feedback energy in a canonical ensemble. The method simply relates the kinetic energy to the system temperature via the particles' momenta based on the ideal gas law. However, when used in a tightly bound system such as solids, the method may suffer from deriving a lower system temperature and potentially inducing early breaking of atomic bonds at relatively high temperature due to the neglect of the effect of the potential energy of atoms based on solid state physics. In this paper, a modified NH thermostat method is proposed for solid system. The method takes into account the contribution of phonons by virtue of the vibrational energy of lattice and the zero-point energy, derived based on the Debye theory. Proof of the equivalence of the method and the canonical ensemble is first made. The modified NH thermostat is tested on different gold nanocrystals to characterize their melting point and constant volume specific heat, and also their size and temperature dependence. Results show that the modified NH method can give much more comparable results to both the literature experimental and theoretical data than the standard NH. Most importantly, the present model is the only one, among the six thermostat algorithms under comparison, that can accurately reproduce the experimental data and also the T{sup 3}-law at temperature below the Debye temperature, where the specific heat of a solid at constant volume is proportional to the cube of temperature.

Chen, Wen-Hwa, E-mail: whchen@pme.nthu.edu.tw [Department of Power Mechanical Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); National Applied Research Laboratories, Taipei 10622, Taiwan, ROC (China); Wu, Chun-Hung [Department of Power Mechanical Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Cheng, Hsien-Chie [Department of Aerospace and Systems Engineering, Feng Chia University, Taichung 40724, Taiwan (China)

2011-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Equilibrium Constant as Solution to the Open Chemical Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to contemporary views, equilibrium constant is relevant only to true thermodynamic equilibria in isolated systems with one chemical reaction. The paper presents a novel formula that ties-up equilibrium constant and chemical system composition at any state, isolated or open as well. Extending the logarithmic logistic map of the Discrete Thermodynamics of Chemical Equilibria, this formula maps the system population at isolated equilibrium into the population at any open equilibrium at p,T=const, using equilibrium constant as a measure. Real chemical systems comprise multiple subsystems; given the resources are limited, joint solution to the set of such expressions, each relevant to a specific subsystem, gives equilibrium composition for each of them. This result means a fundamental break through in the open systems thermodynamics and leads to formerly unknown opportunities in the analysis of real chemical objects.

Zilbergleyt, B

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Journal of Research Volume 35  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Utilization of nonpetroleum fuels in automotive engines ... equilibrium constants, and free energies of formation ... and calibration of a density balance for ...

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

223

Journal of Research Volume 24  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... critical frequencies related to solar eclipses in ... Dielectric constant, power factor, and resistivity of ... Reducing powers of various sugars with alkaline ...

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

224

Improvement in Accuracy of Prediction of Electrical Machine Constants and Generator Models for Subsynchronous Resonance Conditions, Volumes 1 and 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using the sophisticated finite-element method, researchers have produced more accurate generator models that can better predict power system performance. This method is ready for provisional use in generator analysis.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Using a Constant Volume Displacement Ventilation System to Create a Micro Climate in a Large Airport Terminal in Bangkok  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to conserve energy and create a comfortable climate for both passengers and workers at a new large international airport in Thailand, a design concept was created where only the first 2m above the occupied zone is conditioned. The temperature of the air outside of this area is allowed to rise above normal conditions. The idea was to let this temperature rise so that it was either equal to or higher than the outdoor temperature, thus reducing heat gain. Computer simulation programs were used to define parameters for the CF'D program. Once the boundary conditions were defined, the process of design analysis began. This paper will outline the steps taken to set up the CF'D program. Secondly, the exploration taken to obtain an optimal climate, and thirdly, how the many results were used to explain to both fellow engineers and the architects what had been achieved. The conclusion of this analysis was the design of special supply air grilles to meet the design criteria.

Simmonds, P.; Gaw, W.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Finite volume schemes for dispersive wave propagation and runup  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite volume schemes are commonly used to construct approximate solutions to conservation laws. In this study we extend the framework of the finite volume methods to dispersive water wave models, in particular to Boussinesq type systems. We focus mainly on the application of the method to bidirectional nonlinear, dispersive wave propagation in one space dimension. Special emphasis is given to important nonlinear phenomena such as solitary waves interactions, dispersive shock wave formation and the runup of breaking and non-breaking long waves.

Dutykh, Denys; Mitsotakis, Dimitrios

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Early universe constraints on time variation of fundamental constants  

SciTech Connect

We study the time variation of fundamental constants in the early Universe. Using data from primordial light nuclei abundances, cosmic microwave background, and the 2dFGRS power spectrum, we put constraints on the time variation of the fine structure constant {alpha} and the Higgs vacuum expectation value without assuming any theoretical framework. A variation in leads to a variation in the electron mass, among other effects. Along the same line, we study the variation of {alpha} and the electron mass m{sub e}. In a purely phenomenological fashion, we derive a relationship between both variations.

Landau, Susana J.; Mosquera, Mercedes E.; Scoccola, Claudia G.; Vucetich, Hector [Departamento de Fisica, FCEyN, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria-Pabellon 1, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas. Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque S/N 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas. Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque S/N 1900 La Plata (Argentina); and Instituto de Astrofisica, Paseo del Bosque S/N 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas. Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque S/N 1900 La Plata (Argentina)

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

Award Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nuclear deterrent; reduce global threats; and solve other emerging national security and energy challenges. Contact Awards Team (505) 667-7824 Email Types of Awards The Awards...

229

Metastable Gravitons and Infinite Volume Extra Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We address the issue of whether extra dimensions could have an infinite volume and yet reproduce the effects of observable four-dimensional gravity on a brane. There is no normalizable zero-mode graviton in this case, nevertheless correct Newton's law can be obtained by exchanging bulk gravitons. This can be interpreted as an exchange of a single {\\it metastable} 4D graviton. Such theories have remarkable phenomenological signatures since the evolution of the Universe becomes high-dimensional at very large scales. Furthermore, the bulk supersymmetry in the infinite volume limit might be preserved while being completely broken on a brane. This gives rise to a possibility of controlling the value of the bulk cosmological constant. Unfortunately, these theories have difficulties in reproducing certain predictions of Einstein's theory related to relativistic sources. This is due to the van Dam-Veltman-Zakharov discontinuity in the propagator of a massive graviton. This suggests that all theories in which contributions to effective 4D gravity come predominantly from the bulk graviton exchange should encounter serious phenomenological difficulties.

G. Dvali; G. Gabadadze; M. Porrati

2000-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

230

A Conical Tear Drop as a Vacuum-Energy Drain for the Solution of the Cosmological Constant Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a partial solution to the cosmological constant problem by using the simple observation that a three-brane in a six-dimensional bulk is flat. A model is presented in which Standard Model vacuum energy is always absorbed by the transverse space. The latter is a tear-drop like space with a conical singularity, which preserves bulk supersymmetry and gives rise to conventional macroscopic 4D gravity with no cosmological constant. Its cone acts like a drain, depleting vacuum energy from the three-brane to the tear drop increasing its volume. We stress that although gravity is treated classically, Standard Model is handled quantum-field theoretically and the model is robust against Standard Model corrections and particular details. The price paid is the presence of boundaries which are nevertheless physically harmless by appropriate boundary conditions.

Alex Kehagias

2004-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

231

THE NON-CONSTANT CTOD/CTOA IN CRACK PROPAGATION  

SciTech Connect

Unlike the common belief that crack propagation behavior can be predicted successfully by employing fracture criteria based on a constant crack tip opening displacement or angle (CTOD/CTOA), this paper shows that the initially non-constant portion of the CTOD/CTOA plays an essential role in predicting the fracture load for a growing crack. Three- and two-dimensional finite element analyses indicate that a severe underestimate of the experimental load vs. crack extension curve would occur if a constant CTOD/CTOA criterion is used. However, the use of a simplified, bilinear CTOD/CTOA criterion including its non-constant portion will closely duplicate the test data. Furthermore, as a result of using the experimental data from J-integral test with various crack length to specimen width ratios (a/W), it is demonstrated that the CTOD/CTOA is crack tip constraint dependent. The initially higher values of the CTOD/CTOA are in fact a natural consequence of crack growth process which is refl ected by the J-resistance curve and its slope (tearing modulus).

LAM, POH-SANG

2004-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

232

Radiation in Systems with Near Zero Dielectric Constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss radiation effects in systems with near zero dielectric constant. An enhancement of intensity by example of transition and diffusive radiations is demonstrated. A sharp peak in the transition radiation spectral-angular intensity is predicted. Numerical estimates for specific systems are made and possible applications are discussed.

Arakelian, V H

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

An Alternative Solution to the Cosmological Constant Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper it is analyzed the consecuences of a (1,1) dimensional space time at Planck scales. With this hypothesis is proposed an alternative solution to the density energy and the coincidence problem of the cosmological constant. Similarly it is predicted that the density of the dark energy is 4/9 of the critical density in the Universe.

Angel, Garcia Aspeitia Miguel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Prompt Neutron Decay Constant from Feynman Variance Fitting  

SciTech Connect

The use of fast-response liquid scintillators for passive measurements with highly enriched uranium (HEU) castings provides information on the timescale of the fission chain multiplication process for HEU. Thus, these detectors produce time responses characteristic of the HEU and not the moderator around 3He counters. Up to five HEU castings were assembled and the passive time coincidence measurements performed. The prompt neutron decay constants inferred from the Feynman variance data with the arrays of large liquid scintillators are compared with decay constants obtained from previously presented Feynman variance data collected in active interrogation measurements with these same HEU castings. The active measurements used plastic scintillation detectors adjacent to the castings to eliminate time-of-flight effects and showed that the prompt neutron decay constant is clearly not exponential. However, time-of-flight effects in the passive measurements result in exponential behavior and allow the Feynman variance data to be fit with the well-known point kinetics analytical formula. The characterization of the prompt neutron decay constant is investigated by comparing the results of the passive and active measurement data.

McConchie, Seth M [ORNL; Hausladen, Paul [ORNL; Mihalczo, John T [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Von Kármán's Constant in Atmospheric Boundary Layer Flow: Reevaluated  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A field experiment has been carried out with the specific objective in mind to determine the value of von Kármán's constant in atmospheric boundary layer flow, and also to investigate its possible dependence on the surface Rossby number Ro0. Data ...

Ulf Högström

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Parabolic surfaces in hyperbolic space with constant Gaussian curvature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parabolic surfaces in hyperbolic space with constant Gaussian curvature Rafael L´opez Departamento@ugr.es Keywords: hyperbolic space, parabolic surface, Gaussian curvature MSC 2000 subject classification: 53A10, 53C45 Abstract A parabolic surface in hyperbolic space H3 is a surface invariant by a group

López, Rafael

237

Spectral gap for the zero range process with constant rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We solve an open problem concerning the relaxation time (inverse spectral gap) of the zero range process in $\\mathbf {Z}^d/L\\mathbf {Z}^d$ with constant rate, proving a tight upper bound of $O((\\rho +1)^2L^2)$, where $\\rho$ is the density of particles.

Ben Morris

2004-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

238

A Thermal Time-Constant Experiment* KYLE RESSLER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cable, and BASIC Stamp), a DC power supply, and a Windows-based PC computer with a serial I/O connectionA Thermal Time-Constant Experiment* KYLE RESSLER Dept. of Mechanical Eng., Washington University . Parallax `Board-of-EducationTM ' Board . Base Plate (25 cm Ã? 15 cm Ã? 5 mm) . Blower fan (12 V DC, 0.2 A

Nagurka, Mark L.

239

Determining Photosynthesis Rate Constants in Lake Harapan Penang  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lake Harapan was created in 1990 to serve as a runoff detention pond in Universiti Sains Malaysia USM. The lake is eutrophic with occasional high levels of 300 ug/l chl a, with dissolved oxygen reaching 12 - 16 mg/l in the late afternoon and near anaerobic ... Keywords: Photosynthesis, Rate Constants, Dissolved Oxygen

Teh Su Yean; Koh Hock Lye; Ahmad Izani Md Ismail; Mashhor Mansor

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Jet engine's speed controller with constant pressure chamber  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper deals with an automatic system meant to control a jet engine's rotation speed, through the fuel injection's control, based on a constant pressure chamber controller. One has established the non-linear mathematical model (based on the motion ... Keywords: actuator, control, fuel injection, fuel pump, jet-engine, pressure chamber

Alexandru Nicolae Tudosie

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Dielectric-Constant-Enhanced Hall Mobility in Complex Oxides  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The high dielectric constant of doped ferroelectric KTa{sub 1-x}Nb{sub x}O{sub 3} is shown to increase dielectric screening of electron scatterers, and thus to enhance the electronic mobility, overcoming one of the key limitations in the application of functional oxides. These observations are based on transport and optical measurements as well as band structure calculations.

Siemons, Wolter [ORNL; McGuire, Michael A [ORNL; Cooper, Valentino R [ORNL; Biegalski, Michael D [ORNL; Ivanov, Ilia N [ORNL; Jellison Jr, Gerald Earle [ORNL; Boatner, Lynn A [ORNL; Sales, Brian C [ORNL; Christen, Hans M [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Stability and size of galaxies from Planck's constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stability and characterisitic geometrical and kinematical sizes of galaxies are strictly related to a minimal characteristic action whose value is of order $h$, the Planck constant. We infer that quantum mechanics, in some sense, determines the structure and the size of galaxies.

Salvatore Capozziello; Salvatore De Martino; Silvio De Siena; Fabrizio Illuminati

1999-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

243

Toroidal constant-tension superconducting magnetic energy storage units  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting magnetic energy storage unit is provided in which the magnet is wound in a toroidal fashion such that the magnetic field produced is contained only within the bore of the magnet, and thus producing a very low external field. The superconducting magnet includes a coolant channel disposed through the wire. The bore of the magnet comprises a storage volume in which cryogenic coolant is stored, and this volume supplies the coolant to be delivered to the coolant channel in the magnet. 6 figs.

Herring, J.S.

1992-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

244

Journal of Research Volume 43  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Volume dilatometry, p. 145 Bekkedahl, Norman http://dx.doi.org/10.6028/jres ... nozzles with hydrocarbons and with air, p. 449 Shafer, MR; Bovey, HL ...

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

245

Definition: Volume | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

contained within a specified three-dimensional space.1 View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Volume is the quantity of three-dimensional space enclosed by some closed boundary,...

246

High-Temperature-High-Volume Lifting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » High-Temperature-High-Volume Lifting Jump to: navigation, search Geothermal ARRA Funded Projects for High-Temperature-High-Volume Lifting Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":200,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

247

Melanin Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Melanin Types Melanin Types Name: Irfan Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What are different types of melanins? And what are the functions of these types? Replies: Hi Irfan! Melanin is a dark compound or better a photoprotective pigment. Its major role in the skin is to absorb the ultraviolet (UV) light that comes from the sun so the skin is not damaged. Sun exposure usually produces a tan at the skin that represents an increase of melanin pigment in the skin. Melanin is important also in other areas of the body, as the eye and the brain., but it is not completely understood what the melanin pigment does in these areas. Melanin forms a special cell called melanocyte. This cell is found in the skin, in the hair follicle, and in the iris and retina of the eye.

248

Type systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study of type systems has emerged as one of the most active areas of research in programming languages, with applications in software engineering, language design, high-performance compiler implementation, and security. This chapter discusses the ...

Benjamin C. Pierce

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Sound damping constant for generalized theories of gravity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The near-horizon metric for a black brane in anti-de Sitter space and the metric near the AdS boundary both exhibit hydrodynamic behavior. We demonstrate the equivalence of this pair of hydrodynamic systems for the sound mode of a conformal theory. This is first established for Einstein's gravity, but we then show how the sound damping constant will be modified from its Einstein form for a generalized theory. The modified damping constant is expressible as the ratio of a pair of gravitational couplings that are indicative of the sound-channel class of gravitons. This ratio of couplings differs from both that of the shear diffusion coefficient and the shear viscosity to entropy ratio. Our analysis is mostly limited to conformal theories, but suggestions are made as to how this restriction might eventually be lifted.

Brustein, Ram [Department of Physics, Ben-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, 84105 (Israel); Medved, A. J. M. [Physics Department, University of Seoul, Seoul 130-743 (Korea, Republic of)

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

250

Photon-Axion-Like Particle Coupling Constant and Cosmological Observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We estimated the photon-pseudoscalar particle mixing constant from the effect of cosmological alignment and cosmological rotation of polarization plane of distant QSOs. This effect is explained in terms of birefringent phenomenon due to photon-pseudoscalar (axion-like) particle mixing in a cosmic magnetic field. On the contrary, one can estimate the strength of the cosmic magnetic field using the constraints on the photon-axion-like particle coupling constant from the CAST experiment and from SNe Ia dimming effect. In a result, the lower limit on the intergalactic ($z\\approx 1\\div 2$) magnetic field appears at the level of about $4\\times 10^{-10}\\div 10^{-11}$ G.

M. Yu. Piotrovich; Yu. N. Gnedin; T. M. Natsvlishvili

2008-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

251

Is there further evidence for spatial variation of fundamental constants?  

SciTech Connect

Indications of spatial variation of the fine-structure constant, {alpha}, based on study of quasar absorption systems have recently been reported [J. K. Webb, J. A. King, M. T. Murphy, V. V. Flambaum, R. F. Carswell, and M. B. Bainbridge, arXiv:1008.3907.]. The physics that causes this {alpha}-variation should have other observable manifestations, and this motivates us to look for complementary astrophysical effects. In this paper we propose a method to test whether spatial variation of fundamental constants existed during the epoch of big bang nucleosynthesis and study existing measurements of deuterium abundance for a signal. We also examine existing quasar absorption spectra data that are sensitive to variation of the electron-to-proton mass ratio {mu} and x={alpha}{sup 2{mu}}g{sub p} for spatial variation.

Berengut, J. C.; Flambaum, V. V.; King, J. A.; Curran, S. J.; Webb, J. K. [School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052 (Australia)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

252

Thermodynamics of de Sitter Black Holes: Thermal Cosmological Constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the thermodynamic properties associated with the black hole event horizon and the cosmological horizon for black hole solutions in asymptotically de Sitter spacetimes. We examine thermodynamics of these horizons on the basis of the conserved charges according to Teitelboim's method. In particular, we have succeeded in deriving the generalized Smarr formula among thermodynamical quantities in a simple and natural way. We then show that cosmological constant must decrease when one takes into account the quantum effect. These observations have been obtained if and only if cosmological constant plays the role of a thermodynamical state variable. We also touch upon the relation between inflation of our universe and a phase transition of black holes.

Yuichi Sekiwa

2006-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

253

ABBREVIATIONS: Eng Engine Volume in Liters Cyl  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ABBREVIATIONS: Eng ........... Engine Volume in Liters Cyl ............ Number of Cylinders Cty ............ MPG on City Test Procedure Hwy .......... MPG on Highway Test Procedure Trans ........ Transmission Type Auto ......... Automatic Transmission Man .......... Manual Transmission ) ........ LPG vehicle available D ........ Ethanol vehicle available 0. ....... Electric vehicle available 5 ........ Diesel vehicle available + ....... CNG vehicle available ✔ ......... Most fuel-efficient manual or automatic per class P ............... Premium Gasoline T ............... Turbocharger/Supercharger $ ............... Subject to Gas Guzzler Tax M Mode .... Multi-mode transmission SOHC ....... Single Overhead Cam DOHC ...... Double Overhead Cam VTEC ....... Variable Valve Timing and Lift Electronic Control

254

Trident pair production in a constant crossed field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For the trident process in a constant crossed field, we isolate the one-step mechanism involving a virtual intermediate photon from the two-step mechanism involving a real photon. The one-step process is found to be measurable combining currently-available electron beams with few-cycle laser pulses. The two-step process differs appreciably in magnitude and dynamics from integrating the product of sub-steps over photon lightfront momentum, challenging numerical simulation efforts.

King, B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Nonexpanding impulsive gravitational waves with an arbitrary cosmological constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exact solutions for nonexpanding impulsive waves in a background with nonzero cosmological constant are constructed using a `cut and paste' method. These solutions are presented using a unified approach which covers the cases of de Sitter, anti-de Sitter and Minkowski backgrounds. The metrics are presented in continuous and distributional forms, both of which are conformal to the corresponding metrics for impulsive pp-waves, and for which the limit as $\\Lambda\\to 0$ can be made explicitly.

J. Podolsky; J. B. Griffiths

1999-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

256

Apparatus producing constant cable tension for intermittent demand  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to apparatus for producing constant tension in cable or the like when it is unreeled and reeled from a drum or spool under conditions of intermittent demand. The invention is particularly applicable to the handling of superconductive cable, but the invention is also applicable to the unreeling and reeling of other strands, such as electrical cable, wire, cord, other cables, fish line, wrapping paper and numerous other materials.

Lauritzen, T.

1984-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

257

Turbine blade having a constant thickness airfoil skin  

SciTech Connect

A turbine blade is provided for a gas turbine comprising: a support structure comprising a base defining a root of the blade and a framework extending radially outwardly from the base, and an outer skin coupled to the support structure framework. The skin has a generally constant thickness along substantially the entire radial extent thereof. The framework and the skin define an airfoil of the blade.

Marra, John J; McNamee, Sara

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

258

Maximal r-Diameter Sets and Solids of Constant Width  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We recall the definition of an r-maximal set in a metric space as a maximal subset of diameter r. In the special case when the metric space is Euclidean such a set is exactly a solid of constant diameter r. In the process of reviewing the theory of these objects we provide a simple construction which generates a large class of such solids.

Ethan Akin

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

259

Spacetime of Constant Scalar Curvature in N = 1 Supergravity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this short paper we show the existence of solitonic solutions of four dimensional ungauged N = 1 supergravity coupled to arbitrary vector and chiral multiplets whose Ricci scalar curvature is constant. The Ricci scalar of spacetimes indeed depends on the {sigma}-model, namely the complex scalars and their first derivative. Then, we give two explicit models, namely static domain walls and static spherical symmetric black holes which are related to our previous works.

Gunara, Bobby Eka [Indonesia Center for Theoretical and Mathematical Physics (ICTMP) (Indonesia); Theoretical Physics Laboratory, Theoretical High Energy Physics and Instrumentation Research Group, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10 Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

260

Constant threshold correction to electrically charged dilatonic black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the effect of a constant threshold correction to a general non-extreme, static, spherically symmetric, electrically charged black hole solution of the dilatonic Einstein-Maxwell Lagrangian, with an arbitrary coupling $\\beta$ between the electromagnetic tensor and the dilaton field. For a small $\\beta$, an exact analytical solution is obtained. For an arbitrary of the metric and the dilaton are presented. In the extremal limit, the close form solution is reduced to an exact analytical form.

Chan, K L

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Hydrogen Atom and Time Variation of Fine-Structure Constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we have solved the de Sitter special relativistic ($\\mathcal{SR}_{cR}$-) Dirac equation of hydrogen in the earth-QSO(quasar) framework reference by means of the adiabatic approach. The aspects of geometry effects of de Sitter space-time described by Beltrami metric are explored and taken into account. It is found that the $\\mathcal{SR}_{cR}$-Dirac equation of hydrogen is a time dependent quantum Hamiltonian system. We provide an explicit calculation to justify the adiabatic approach in dealing with this time-dependent system. Since the radius of de Sitter sphere $R$ is cosmologically large, the evolution of the system is very slow so that the adiabatic approximation legitimately works with high accuracy. We conclude that the electromagnetic fine-structure constant, the electron mass and the Planck constant are time variations. This prediction of fine-structure constant is consistent with the presently available observation data. For confirming it further, experiments/observations are required.

Mu-Lin Yan

2009-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

262

Water Quality Program, Volume 2 (Alabama) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Program, Volume 2 (Alabama) Program, Volume 2 (Alabama) No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on February 13, 2013. EZFeed Policy Place Alabama Applies to States or Provinces Alabama Name Water Quality Program, Volume 2 (Alabama) Policy Category Other Policy Policy Type Environmental Regulations Affected Technologies Biomass/Biogas, Coal with CCS, Energy Storage, Geothermal Electric, Hydroelectric, Hydroelectric (Small), Natural Gas, Nuclear, Tidal Energy Active Policy Yes Implementing Sector State/Province Program Administrator Alabama Department of Environmental Management Primary Website http://www.adem.state.al.us/alEnviroRegLaws/files/Division6Vol2.pdf Summary This volume of the water quality program mainly deals with Technical

263

Community Energy Planning A Guide for Communities Volume 1 - Introduction |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Guide for Communities Volume 1 - Introduction Guide for Communities Volume 1 - Introduction Jump to: navigation, search Name Community Energy Planning A Guide for Communities Volume 1 - Introduction Agency/Company /Organization Natural Resources Canada Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Land Use, Non-renewable Energy, People and Policy, Transportation, Renewable Energy Phase Create a Vision, Prepare a Plan Resource Type Guide/manual Availability Free, publically available Website http://www.thesolarvillage.com References Community Energy Planning A Guide for Communities Volume 1 - Introduction[1] Overview This report discusses the concept of Community Energy Planning and its relationship with existing planning processes in Canada. The report also discusses the idea of sustainability and how it is applicable at the

264

Water Quality Program, Volume 2 (Alabama) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Quality Program, Volume 2 (Alabama) Quality Program, Volume 2 (Alabama) Water Quality Program, Volume 2 (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Municipal/Public Utility Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Program Info State Alabama Program Type Environmental Regulations This volume of the water quality program mainly deals with Technical Standards, Corrective Action Requirements and Financial Responsibility for Owners and Operators of Underground Storage Tanks. This chapter is promulgated to establish construction, installation, performance, and operating standards for underground storage tanks. Any owner or operator of an underground storage tank system for which a notification has not been provided to the Department as of April 5, 1989, must within 30 days of that

265

NAVAL REACTORS PHYSICS HANDBOOK. VOLUME I. SELECTED BASIC TECHNIQUES  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this work is to present the most pertinent parts of the body of physics knowledge which has been built up in the course of the Naval and Shippingport (PWR) Reactor Programs, with the aim of providing a background of understanding for those interested in nuclear core design. Volume 1 of this handbook was planned to bring together topics in the basic theoretical and experimental material which are of especially wide interest, including those common to both thermal and intermediate neutron energy reactor types. The physics design of light water-moderated and -cooled reactors is covered in Volume 2 (classified), and that of intermediate neutron-energy power reactors in Volume 3. The emphasis in Volume 1 is thus on light water reactor systems, and as many recent advances in reactor physics of the Naval and Shippingport Reactor Programs as possible have been included.

Radkowsky, A. ed.

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

FY 1996 solid waste integrated life-cycle forecast volume summary - Volume 1 and Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solid waste forecast volumes to be generated or received ;at Westinghouse Hanford Company`s Solid Waste program over the life cycle of the site are described in this report. Previous forecast summary reports have covered only a 30-year period; however, the life-cycle approach was adopted for this FY 1996 report to ensure consistency with waste volumes reported in the 1996 Multi-Year Program Plans (MYPP). The volume data were collected on a life-cycle basis from onsite and offsite waste generators who currently ship or plan to ship solid waste to the Solid Waste program. The volumes described in detail are low-level mixed waste (LLMW) and transuranic/transuranic-mixed (TRU(M)) waste. The volumes reported in this document represent the external volume of the containers selected to ship the waste. Summary level information pertaining to low-level waste (LLW) is described in Appendix B. Hazardous waste volumes are also provided in Appendices E and F but are not described in detail since they will be managed by a commercial facility. Emphasis is placed on LLMW and TRU(M) waste because it will require processing and storage at Hanford Solid Waste`s Central Waste Complex (CORK) prior to final disposal. The LLW will generally be sent directly to disposal. The total baselines volume of LLMW and TRU(M) waste forecast to be received by the Solid Waste program (until 2070) is approximately 100,900 cubic meters. This total waste volume is composed of the following waste categories: 077,080 cubic meters of LLMW; 23,180 cubic meters of TRU(M); 640 cubic meters of greater-than-class III LLMW. This total is about 40% of the total volume reported last year (FY 1995).

Valero, O.J.

1996-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

267

Laboratory evaluation of the constant rate of strain and constant head techniques for measurement of the hydraulic conductivity of fine grained soils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis evaluates the constant rate of strain and constant head techniques for measurement of the hydraulic conductivity of fine grained soils. A laboratory program compares hydraulic conductivity measurements made ...

Adams, Amy Lynn

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Development of production methods of volume source by the resinous solution which has hardening  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Volume sources is used for standard sources by radioactive measurement using Ge semiconductor detector of environmental sample, e.g. water, soil and etc. that require large volume. The commercial volume source used in measurement of the water sample is made of agar-agar, and that used in measurement of the soil sample is made of alumina powder. When the plastic receptacles of this two kinds of volume sources were damaged, the leakage contents cause contamination. Moreover, if hermetically sealing performance of volume source made of agar-agar fell, volume decrease due to an evaporation off moisture gives an error to radioactive measurement. Therefore, we developed the two type methods using unsaturated polyester resin, vinilester resin, their hardening agent and acrylicresin. The first type is due to dispersing the hydrochloric acid solution included the radioisotopes uniformly in each resin and hardening the resin. The second is due to dispersing the alumina powder absorbed the radioisotopes in each resin an...

Motoki, R

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Volume terms for charged colloids: a grand-canonical treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a study of thermodynamic properties of suspensions of charged colloids on the basis of linear Poisson-Boltzmann theory. We calculate the effective Hamiltonian of the colloids by integrating out the ionic degrees of freedom grand-canonically. This procedure not only yields the well-known pairwise screened-Coulomb interaction between the colloids, but also additional volume terms which affect the phase behavior and the thermodynamic properties such as the osmotic pressure. These calculations are greatly facilitated by the grand-canonical character of our treatment of the ions, and allow for relatively fast computations compared to earlier studies in the canonical ensemble. Moreover, the present derivation of the volume terms are relatively simple, make a direct connection with Donnan equilibrium, yield an explicit expression for the effective screening constant, and allow for extensions to include, for instance, nonlinear effects.

Bas Zoetekouw; Rene van Roij

2005-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

270

Finite volume methods for unidirectional dispersive wave models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We extend the framework of the finite volume method to dispersive unidirectional water wave propagation in one space dimension. In particular we consider a KdV-BBM type equation. Explicit and IMEX Runge-Kutta type methods are used for time discretizations. The fully discrete schemes are validated by direct comparisons to analytic solutions. Invariants conservation properties are also studied. Main applications include important nonlinear phenomena such as dispersive shock wave formation, solitary waves and their various interactions.

Dutykh, Denys; Mitsotakis, Dimitrios

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Rippled Cosmological Dark Matter from Damped Oscillating Newton Constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let the reciprocal Newton 'constant' be an apparently non-dynamical Brans-Dicke scalar field damped oscillating towards its General Relativistic VEV. We show, without introducing additional matter fields or dust, that the corresponding cosmological evolution averagely resembles, in the Jordan frame, the familiar dark radiation -> dark matter -> dark energy domination sequence. The fingerprints of our theory are fine ripples, hopefully testable, in the FRW scale factor; they die away at the General Relativity limit. The possibility that the Brans-Dicke scalar also serves as the inflaton is favorably examined.

Aharon Davidson

2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

272

Direct Determination of the Boltzmann Constant by an Optical Method  

SciTech Connect

We have recorded the Doppler profile of a well-isolated rovibrational line in the {nu}{sub 2} band of {sup 14}NH{sub 3}. Ammonia gas was placed in an absorption cell thermalized by a water-ice bath. By extrapolating to zero pressure, we have deduced the Doppler width which gives a first measurement of the Boltzmann constant k{sub B} by laser spectroscopy. A relative uncertainty of 2x10{sup -4} has been obtained. The present determination should be significantly improved in the near future and contribute to a new definition of the kelvin.

Daussy, C.; Guinet, M.; Amy-Klein, A.; Djerroud, K.; Hermier, Y.; Briaudeau, S.; Borde, Ch. J.; Chardonnet, C. [Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers, UMR CNRS 7538, Institut Galilee, Universite Paris 13, 99, avenue J.-B. Clement, 93430 Villetaneuse (France)

2007-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

273

Squeeze: numerical-precision-optimized volume rendering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses how to squeeze volume rendering into as few bits per operation as possible while still retaining excellent image quality. For each of the typical volume rendering pipeline stages in texture map volume rendering, ray casting and splatting ...

Ingmar Bitter; Neophytos Neophytou; Klaus Mueller; Arie E. Kaufman

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

VOLUME I: TEXT AND APPENDICES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enclosed is the Final Reclamation Plan for American Nuclear Corporations's (ANC's) Tailings Pond #2, which also includes preliminary reclamation design for Pond #1. The final reclamation plan incorporates NRC staff comments on the preliminary plan submitted in November, 1995. Two volumes are included; the first contains the body of the report and the appendices. The second volume contains 31 large drawings. Please call me or Bob Medlock if you have any questions. Best regards, SHEPHERD MILLER, INC.

Shepherd Miller; Mr. Mark Moxley; Kent Bruxvoort P. E; Ken Hooks Nrc; Rick Chancellor Deq; Jim Voeller Avi; Bill Salisbury; For Tailings Pond

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Positive and Negative Energy Symmetry and the Cosmological Constant Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The action for gravity and the standard model includes, as well as the positive energy fermion and boson fields, negative energy fields. The Hamiltonian for the action leads through a positive and negative energy symmetry of the vacuum to a cancellation of the zero-point vacuum energy and a vanishing cosmological constant in the presence of a gravitational field solving the cosmological constant problem. To guarantee the quasi-stability of the vacuum, we postulate a positive energy sector and a negative energy sector in the universe which are identical copies of the standard model. They interact only weakly through gravity. As in the case of antimatter, the negative energy matter is not found naturally on Earth or in the universe. A positive energy spectrum and a consistent unitary field theory for a pseudo-Hermitian Hamiltonian is obtained by demanding that the pseudo-Hamiltonian is ${\\cal P}{\\cal T}$ symmetric. The quadratic divergences in the two-point vacuum fluctuations and the self-energy of a scalar field are removed. The finite scalar field self-energy can avoid the Higgs hierarchy problem in the standard model.

J. W. Moffat

2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

276

Silica aerogel: An intrinsically low dielectric constant material  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Silica aerogels are highly porous solids having unique morphologies in wavelength of visible which both the pores and particles have sizes less than the wavelength of visible light. This fine nanostructure modifies the normal transport mechanisms within aerogels and endows them with a variety of exceptional physical properties. For example, aerogels have the lowest measured thermal conductivity and dielectric constant for any solid material. The intrinsically low dielectric properties of silica aerogels are the direct result of the extremely high achievable porosities, which are controllable over a range from 75% to more than 99.8 %, and which result in measured dielectric constants from 2.0 to less than 1.01. This paper discusses the synthesis of silica aerogels, processing them as thin films, and characterizing their dielectric properties. Existing data and other physical characteristics of bulk aerogels (e.g., thermal stablity, thermal expansion, moisture adsorption, modulus, dielectric strength, etc.), which are useful for evaluating them as potential dielectrics for microelectronics, are also given.

Hrubesh, L.W.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Building Technologies Office: High Performance Windows Volume...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building Technologies Office: High Performance Windows Volume Purchase to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: High Performance Windows Volume Purchase on Facebook...

278

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: For Builders  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

For Builders to someone by E-mail Share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: For Builders on Facebook Tweet about High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: For Builders on...

279

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: For Manufacturers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

For Manufacturers to someone by E-mail Share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: For Manufacturers on Facebook Tweet about High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: For...

280

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Events  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Events to someone by E-mail Share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Events on Facebook Tweet about High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Events on Twitter Bookmark High...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News to someone by E-mail Share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: News on Facebook Tweet about High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: News on Twitter Bookmark High...

282

NTS Volume 2 - Clean Edit.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of the Secretary of Energy October 2002 Volume II INDEPENDENT OVERSIGHT INSPECTION OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AT THE NEVADA TEST SITE VOLUME II October 2002 i INDEPENDENT OVERSIGHT...

283

WIPP Volume II - EM - Final.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of the Secretary of Energy August 2002 Volume II INDEPENDENT OVERSIGHT INSPECTION OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AT THE WASTE ISOLATION PILOT PLANT Volume II August 2002 i INDEPENDENT...

284

Type: Renewal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 INCITE Awards 1 INCITE Awards Type: Renewal Title: -Ab Initio Dynamical Simulations for the Prediction of Bulk Properties‖ Principal Investigator: Theresa Windus, Iowa State University Co-Investigators: Brett Bode, Iowa State University Graham Fletcher, Argonne National Laboratory Mark Gordon, Iowa State University Monica Lamm, Iowa State University Michael Schmidt, Iowa State University Scientific Discipline: Chemistry: Physical INCITE Allocation: 10,000,000 processor hours Site: Argonne National Laboratory Machine (Allocation): IBM Blue Gene/P (10,000,000 processor hours) Research Summary: This project uses high-quality electronic structure theory, statistical mechanical methods, and

285

The Constant Voltage Transformer (CVT) for Mitigating Effects of Voltage Sags on Industrial Equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric quality problems associated with power interactions between distribution and industrial process control systems can be prevented. Surveys of large users that buy power at the transmission and distribution voltages turn up relatively few complaints about the quality of their incoming power, while surveys of small users connected at secondary voltages tum up numerous complaints about the quality of their incoming power. Three major changes in the characteristics of customer loads and power distribution systems have altered the nature of the power quality equation: (I) greater sensitivity of devices and equipment to electric power variations, (2) the interconnection of sensitive loads in extensive networks and automated processes, and (3) an increase in loads that use power electronics in some type of power conversion configuration [1][2]. This paper presents applications of the constant-voltage transformer (CVT) for mitigating the effects of electric service voltage sags on industrial equipment in an oil refinery. Unlike conventional transformers, the CVT or ferro-resonant transformer allows the core to become saturated with magnetic flux, which maintains a relatively constant output voltage during input voltage variations such as undervoltages, overvoltages, and harmonic distortion.

Ferraro, R. J.; Osborne, R.; Stephens, R.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Bacteria Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bacteria Types Bacteria Types Name: Evelyn Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What is the significance of S. marcescens,M.luteus, S.epidermidis, and E. Coli? Which of these are gram-positive and gram-negative, and where can these be found? Also, what problems can they cause? When we culture these bacteria, we used four methods: plates, broth, slants, and pour plates. The media was made of TSB, TSA, NAP, and NAD. What is significant about these culturing methods? Replies: I could give you the answer to that question but it is more informative, and fun, to find out yourself. Start with the NCBI library online (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/) and do a query with the species name, and 'virulence' if you want to know what they're doing to us. Have a look at the taxonomy devision to see how they are related. To find out if they're gram-pos or neg you should do a gram stain if you can. Otherwise you'll find that information in any bacteriology determination guide. Your question about the media is not specific enough so I can't answer it.

287

Grain Core Dielectric Constants of Acceptor-doped Oxide Electrolytes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Author(s), Nicola H. Perry, Ted C. Yeh, Thomas O. Mason. On-Site Speaker ... Water Uptake and Conduction Property of Nano-grained Fluorite-type Oxides.

288

Temperature distribution of a tokamak with a constant heat conductivity  

SciTech Connect

An analytical expression of the detached plasma radius in and ohmically heated tokamak plasma was obtained. The assumption was made that the (anomalous) heat conductivity is constant and independent of minor radius, r. The resultant nonlinear differential equation has a universal solution for the plasma temperature as a function of r. The shape is very similar to the so-called profile consistency model. As the average plasma density increases, the tokamak plasma which is first attached to either limiter or divertor detaches itself from the limiter and forms a toroidal plasma whose boundary is clearly marked by a radiative boundary layer where the power input to the plasma is radiated away. As the plasma density increases, the radius of the plasma shrinks until the surface safety factor becomes less that {approximately}2, whereupon the plasma disruption starts. The density limit calculated by this model agrees with the experimental observation. 1 ref., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Yoshikawa, S.

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Brownian dynamics of charged particles in a constant magnetic field  

SciTech Connect

Numerical algorithms are proposed for simulating the Brownian dynamics of charged particles in an external magnetic field, taking into account the Brownian motion of charged particles, damping effect, and the effect of magnetic field self-consistently. Performance of these algorithms is tested in terms of their accuracy and long-time stability by using a three-dimensional Brownian oscillator model with constant magnetic field. Step-by-step recipes for implementing these algorithms are given in detail. It is expected that these algorithms can be directly used to study particle dynamics in various dispersed systems in the presence of a magnetic field, including polymer solutions, colloidal suspensions, and, particularly, complex (dusty) plasmas. The proposed algorithms can also be used as thermostat in the usual molecular dynamics simulation in the presence of magnetic field.

Hou, L. J.; Piel, A. [IEAP, Christian-Albrechts Universitaet, D-24118 Kiel (Germany); Miskovic, Z. L. [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Shukla, P. K. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik IV, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

290

Constant current, fast and float rate, variable hysteresis battery charger  

SciTech Connect

A battery charging circuit is described connected to a voltage source and the terminals of a battery for maintaining a charge on the battery comprising: input means connected to the voltage source; current regulating means connected to the input means for providing a constant current output to the battery; resistive means connected to the regulating means for selectively setting charging rate currents provided to the battery by the regulating means; switching means connected to the resistive means for controlling the operation of the resistive means; means for sensing the state of charge of the battery connected across the terminals of the battery; and integrated buffer circuit means connected between sensing means and the switching means to control the operation of the switching means in response to the state of battery charge sensed by the sensing means.

Steblay, B.J.

1987-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

291

Constant power speed range extension of surface mounted PM motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A circuit and method for controlling a rotating machine (11) in the constant horsepower range above base speed uses an inverter (15) having SCR's (T1-T6) connected in series with the primary commutation switches (Q1-Q6) to control turn off of the primary commutation switches and to protect the primary commutation switches from faults. The primary commutation switches (Q1-Q6) are controlled by a controller (14), to fire in advance or after a time when the back emf equals the applied voltage, and then to turn off after a precise dwell time, such that suitable power is developed at speeds up to at least six times base speed.

Lawler, Jack Steward (Knoxville, TN); Bailey, John Milton (Knoxville, TN)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Hybrid electronic ballast operating the HPS lamp at constant power  

SciTech Connect

A hybrid solid-state ballast that operates high-pressure sodium (HPS) lamps at main frequency with constant power through rated life is described. The system utilizes two inductors connected in series and a bidirectional semiconductor switch connected in parallel to one of them. A lamp-starting circuit has also been included in the ballast. The static switch, with phase angle control provided by power feedback, actuates on lamp current compensating variations of the main voltage and increases of lamp arc voltage. The system offers the following: (1) increase of lamp life and system lumen maintenance; (2) power factor and total harmonic distortion of line current comparable to conventional lag ballast; and (3) operating cost savings, both in terms of energy cost and lamp replacement cost.

Kaiser, W. [Univ. de Sao Paulo (Brazil)

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Fine structure constant in the spacetime of a cosmic string  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the fine structure constant in the spacetime of a cosmic string. In the presence of a cosmic string the value of the fine structure constant reduces. We also discuss on numerical results. The gravitational properties of cosmic strings are strikingly different from those of non-relativistic linear distributions of matter. To explain the origin of the difference, we note that for a static matter distribution with energymomentum tensor, T µ ? = diag (?, ?p1, ?p2, ?p3) , (1) the Newtonian limit of the Einstein equations become ? 2 ? = 4?G (? + p1 + p2 + p3), (2) where ? is the gravitational potential. For non-relativistic matter, pi ? ? and ? 2 ? = 4?G?. Strings, on the other hand, have a large longitudinal tension. For a straight string parallel to the z-axis, p3 = ??, with p1 and p2 vanish when averaged over the string cross-section. Hence, the righthand side of Eq.(2) vanishes, suggesting that straight strings produce no gravitational forece on surrounding matter. This conclusion is confirmed by a full general-relativistic analysis. Another feature distinguishing cosmic strings from more familiar sources is their relativistic motion. As a result, oscillating loops of string can be strong emitters of gravitational radiation. A gravitating string is described by the combined system of Einstein, Higgs and guage field equations. The problem of solving these coupled equations is formidable and no exact solutions have been found to date. Fortunately, for most cosmological applications the problem can be made tractable by adopting two major simplifications. First, assuming that the string thickness is much smaller than all other relevant dimensions, the string can be 1

Forough Nasseri

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

A Multimoment Constrained Finite-Volume Model for Nonhydrostatic Atmospheric Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The two-dimensional nonhydrostatic compressible dynamical core for the atmosphere has been developed by using a new nodal-type high-order conservative method, the so-called multimoment constrained finite-volume (MCV) method. Different from the ...

Xingliang Li; Chungang Chen; Xueshun Shen; Feng Xiao

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Reaction-diffusion systems with constant diffusivities: conditional symmetries and form-preserving transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Q-conditional symmetries (nonclassical symmetries) for a general class of two-component reaction-diffusion systems with constant diffusivities are studied. Using the recently introduced notion of Q-conditional symmetries of the first type (R. Cherniha J. Phys. A: Math. Theor., 2010. vol. 43., 405207), an exhaustive list of reaction-diffusion systems admitting such symmetry is derived. The form-preserving transformations for this class of systems are constructed and it is shown that this list contains only non-equivalent systems. The obtained symmetries permit to reduce the reaction-diffusion systems under study to two-dimensional systems of ordinary differential equations and to find exact solutions. As a non-trivial example, multiparameter families of exact solutions are explicitly constructed for two nonlinear reaction-diffusion systems. A possible interpretation to a biologically motivated model is presented.

Roman Cherniha; Vasyl' Davydovych

2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

296

Facility Type!  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ITY: ITY: --&L~ ----------- srct-r~ -----------~------~------- if yee, date contacted ------------- cl Facility Type! i I 0 Theoretical Studies Cl Sample 84 Analysis ] Production 1 Diepasal/Storage 'YPE OF CONTRACT .--------------- 1 Prime J Subcontract&- 1 Purchase Order rl i '1 ! Other information (i.e., ---------~---~--~-------- :ontrait/Pirchaee Order # , I C -qXlJ- --~-------~~-------~~~~~~ I I ~~~---~~~~~~~T~~~ FONTRACTING PERIODi IWNERSHIP: ,I 1 AECIMED AECMED GOVT GOUT &NTtiAC+OR GUN-I OWNED ----- LEEE!? M!s LE!Ps2 -LdJG?- ---L .ANDS ILJILDINGS X2UIPilENT IRE OR RAW HA-I-L :INAL PRODUCT IASTE Z. RESIDUE I I kility l pt I ,-- 7- ,+- &!d,, ' IN&"E~:EW AT SITE -' ---------------- , . Control 0 AEC/tlED managed operations

297

Forecast Technical Document Growing Stock Volume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forecast Technical Document Growing Stock Volume Forecasts A document describing how growing stock (`standing') volume is handled in the 2011 Production Forecast. Tom Jenkins Robert Matthews Ewan Mackie Lesley Halsall #12;PF2011 ­ Growing stock volume forecasts Background A forecast of standing volume (or

298

Power Plant Electrical Reference Series, Volumes 1-16: Volume 1: Electric Generators; Volume 2: Power Transformers; Volume 3: Auxili ary System Planning; Volume 4: Wire and Cable; Volume 5: Grounding and Lightning Protection; Volume 6: Motors; Volume 7..  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This comprehensive and practical guide to electric power apparatus and electrical phenomena provides an up-to-date source book for power plant managers, engineers, and operating personnel. Aiding in the recognition and prevention of potential problems, the 16-volume guide can help utilities save staff time and reduce operating expenses.

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

PATRAM '80. Proceedings. Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Volume 2 contains papers from the following sessions: Safeguards-Related Problems; Neutronics and Criticality; Operations and Systems Experience II; Plutonium Systems; Intermediate Storage in Casks; Operations and Systems Planning; Institutional Issues; Structural and Thermal Evaluation I; Poster Session B; Extended Testing I; Structural and Thermal Evaluation II; Extended Testing II; and Emergency Preparedness and Response. Individual papers were processed. (LM)

Huebner, H.W. (ed.)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

PATRAM '80. Proceedings. Volume 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Volume 1 contains papers from the following sessions: Plenary Session; Regulations, Licensing and Standards; LMFBR Systems Concepts; Risk/Safety Assessment I; Systems and Package Design; US Institutional Issues; Risk/Safety Assessment II; Leakage, Leak Rate and Seals; Poster Session A; Operations and Systems Experience I; Manufacturing Processes and Materials; and Quality Assurance and Maintenance. Individual papers were processed. (LM)

Huebner, H.W. (ed.)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Constant-pressure measurement of steam-water relative permeability  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A series of steady-state experiments have established relative permeability curves for two-phase flow of water in a porous medium. These experiments have minimized uncertainty in pressure, heat loss, and saturation. By attempting to maintain a constant pressure gradient, the experiments have provided a baseline from which to determine the effect of temperature on relative permeability. The use of a flexible heater with an automatic control system made it possible to assume negligible phase change for the mobile fluid. X-ray computer tomography (CT) aided by measuring in-situ steam saturation more directly. Mobile steam mass fraction was established by separate steam and water inlets or by correlating with previous results. The measured steam-water relative permeability curves assume a shape similar to those obtained by Corey (1954) for the simultaneous flow of nitrogen and water. Close agreement between the curves by Satik (1998), Mahiya (1999), and this study establishes the reliability of the experimental method and instrumentation adopted in these experiments, though some differences may bear further investigation. In particular, the steam phase relative permeability appears to vary much more linearly with saturation than does the water phase relative permeability.

O'Connor, Peter A.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Can hidden correlations mimic a variable fine structure constant?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Murphy et al. (2003a, MNRAS, 345, 609) claim to find evidence of cosmological variations of the fine structure constant $\\alpha$ in the spectra of intervening QSO absorption line systems. We find that this result is affected by systematic effects. The $\\alpha$ values estimated in individual line systems depend on the set of atomic transitions used and therefore the quoted dependence on the cosmic age may reflect the fact that different sets of transitions are used at different redshifts. A correlation between line shifts and relative optical depths of the atomic transitions is also present. This correlation is very tight for a high-redshift subsample and accounts for the anomalous dispersion of the $\\alpha$ values found by Murphy et al. (2003a) in this subsample. The above correlations are consistent with a scenario in which gravitational redshift, caused by the gravity of the dark halo, contributes to the shift in frequency of individual components. Gravitational redshift causes differential spectral shifts of the same order as magnitude of those measured. In the presence of line misidentification, these shifts can be interpreted in terms of a variable $\\alpha$. In order to verify the gravitational redshift hypothesis, a direct access to Murphy et al. (2003a) data, or to a large amount of new high resolution data, is necessary.

Rino Bandiera; Edvige Corbelli

2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

Number: 1894 Type: factoid ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... type> Type: factoid Description: How high is the pitcher's mound? ... 2047 Type: factoid Description: How close is Mercury to ...

2003-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

304

Mosaic neurofibromatosis type 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) with microdeletionsM, Huson S. Mosaic (segmental) neurofibromatosis type 1and type 2: no longer neurofibromatosis type 5. Am J Med

Liang, Christine; Schaffer, Julie V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Guide to Microsoft Volume Licensing June 2013 i  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guide to Microsoft Volume Licensing June 2013 i Guide to Microsoft Volume Licensing #12;Guide to Microsoft Volume Licensing June 2013 ii Table of Contents Chapter 1: Introduction to Microsoft Volume................................................................................................................................................................ 1 Keys to Understanding Microsoft Volume Licensing

Narasayya, Vivek

306

Trapping of Waves by a Constant Slope internal Interface in a Two-Layer Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well known that “edge” and “continental shelf” waves can be trapped by a constant slope nearshore bottom; in a two-layer ocean of great constant depth, a constant slope internal interface, as well as the associated geostrophic current, can ...

Henri Lacombe

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

High-Temperature-High-Volume Lifting For Enhanced Geothermal Systems  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Temperature-High-Volume Lifting For Enhanced Geothermal Systems Temperature-High-Volume Lifting For Enhanced Geothermal Systems Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title High-Temperature-High-Volume Lifting For Enhanced Geothermal Systems Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Enhanced Geothermal Systems Component Research and Development/Analysis Project Type / Topic 2 High-Temperature-High-Volume Lifting Project Description The proposed scope of work is divided into three Phases. Overall system requirements will be established in Phase 1, along with an evaluation of existing lifting system capability, identification of technology limitations, and a conceptual design of an overall lifting system. In developing the system components in Phase 2, component-level tests will be conducted using GE facilities. Areas of development will include high-temperature drive system materials, journal and thrust bearings, and corrosion and erosion-resistant lifting pump components. Finally, in Phase 3, the overall lab-scale lifting system will be demonstrated in a flow loop that will be constructed at GE Global Research.

308

Site Environmental Report for 2005 Volume I and Volume II  

SciTech Connect

Each year, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory prepares an integrated report on its environmental programs to satisfy the requirements of United States Department of Energy Order 231.1A, ''Environment, Safety, and Health Reporting''. The ''Site Environmental Report for 2005'' summarizes Berkeley Lab's environmental management performance, presents environmental monitoring results, and describes significant programs for calendar year 2005. (Throughout this report, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is referred to as ''Berkeley Lab'', ''the Laboratory'', ''Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory'', and ''LBNL''.) The report is separated into two volumes. Volume I contains an overview of the Laboratory, the status of environmental programs, and summarized results from surveillance and monitoring activities. This year's Volume I text body is organized into an executive summary followed by six chapters. The report's structure has been reorganized this year, and it now includes a chapter devoted to environmental management system topics. Volume II contains individual data results from surveillance and monitoring activities. The ''Site Environmental Report'' is distributed by releasing it on the Web from the Berkeley Lab Environmental Services Group (ESG) home page, which is located at http://www.lbl.gov/ehs/esg/. Many of the documents cited in this report also are accessible from the ESG Web page. CD and printed copies of this Site Environmental Report are available upon request. The report follows the Laboratory's policy of using the International System of Units (SI), also known as the metric system of measurements. Whenever possible, results are also reported using the more conventional (non-SI) system of measurements, because the non-SI system is referenced by several current regulatory standards and is more familiar to some readers. Two tables are provided at the end of the Glossary to help readers: the first defines the prefixes used with SI units of measurement, and the second provides conversions to non-SI units.

Ruggieri, Michael

2006-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

309

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Information Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information Information Resources to someone by E-mail Share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Information Resources on Facebook Tweet about High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Information Resources on Twitter Bookmark High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Information Resources on Google Bookmark High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Information Resources on Delicious Rank High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Information Resources on Digg Find More places to share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Information Resources on AddThis.com... Home About For Builders For Residential Buyers For Light Commercial Buyers For Manufacturers For Utilities Information Resources Information Resources Numerous publications will be available to help educate buyers, product

310

Volumes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8,415.8 8,415.8 39,569.3 40,215.9 122,708.5 26,876.5 189,800.8 10,466.7 10,604.8 10,129.5 14,302.8 - 24,432.4 February ............................. 40,637.5 41,953.1 43,328.9 133,687.6 29,805.9 206,822.4 10,360.0 10,513.3 W 15,544.3 W 26,397.7 March .................................. 41,477.4 43,016.1 45,427.5 141,434.5 35,293.6 222,155.7 10,324.1 10,491.1 W 16,370.9 W 27,381.7 April .................................... 43,183.2 44,648.5 46,529.4 145,575.1 45,194.6 237,299.2 9,958.2 10,130.7 10,397.0 15,931.2 W 26,339.9 May ..................................... 42,591.4 44,151.1 46,198.6 146,358.6 40,692.6 233,249.8 10,265.8 10,423.0 W 16,051.1 W 26,538.5 June .................................... 43,545.0 44,890.8 46,463.3

311

Volumes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

41,706.6 41,706.6 42,867.4 44,918.8 148,012.1 26,159.8 219,090.7 8,238.8 8,373.4 7,820.8 12,719.5 - 20,540.4 February ............................. 44,323.3 45,541.7 47,522.2 154,828.4 28,064.9 230,415.5 8,664.1 8,791.4 8,216.6 13,704.8 - 21,921.4 March .................................. 45,161.2 46,406.4 47,944.1 158,487.5 30,051.4 236,483.0 8,719.8 8,847.0 8,169.5 13,741.8 - 21,911.3 April .................................... 45,234.7 46,525.2 48,467.4 165,185.8 29,996.1 243,649.3 8,500.3 8,634.7 8,026.8 13,475.5 - 21,502.3 May ..................................... 46,557.4 47,885.5 48,698.2 167,753.3 34,002.9 250,454.5 8,220.6 8,349.1 7,599.5 13,249.1 - 20,848.6 June .................................... 48,331.3 49,633.4 47,988.2 173,529.2 36,677.0 258,194.5

312

Volumes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9,369.5 9,369.5 40,816.0 42,057.4 126,970.8 38,559.5 207,587.7 9,892.3 10,063.7 W 15,155.9 W 25,989.9 February ............................. 41,671.7 43,092.9 43,590.9 131,633.0 37,204.6 212,428.5 9,734.0 9,906.3 W 15,477.1 W 26,553.3 March .................................. 42,994.4 44,454.9 44,713.5 134,676.4 34,540.7 213,930.7 10,003.6 10,175.2 W 15,957.5 W 27,114.8 April .................................... 39,096.0 40,526.3 44,740.8 137,255.0 44,013.8 226,009.6 9,168.0 9,330.7 W 15,984.2 W 27,056.0 May ..................................... 39,423.8 40,815.6 45,041.3 139,119.6 41,683.6 225,844.5 9,354.8 9,511.4 W 16,114.8 W 27,319.7 June .................................... 40,214.3 41,647.2 45,681.9

313

Volumes  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2,109.3 - 4,980.7 April ... - 6.9 751.6 454.5 W 1,241.1 - 44.3 2,978.0 2,285.3 W 5,309.5 May ... - W 744.9 W...

314

Volumes  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

6.7 69.1 W 344.0 Iowa January ... W 7.2 51.5 23.9 W 10.6 5.7 241.1 W 836.0 February ... W W 53.9 30.2 W 7.0 6.6 200.0 W 836.9 March...

315

Volumes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

September ... 45,206.4 46,337.2 45,096.1 158,845.2 37,313.3 241,254.7 8,263.8 8,408.9 7,231.8 12,995.3 - 20,227.1 October ......

316

Volumes  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

9,369.5 40,816.0 42,057.4 126,970.8 38,559.5 207,587.7 9,892.3 10,063.7 W 15,155.9 W 25,989.9 February ... 41,671.7 43,092.9 43,590.9 131,633.0 37,204.6...

317

Abstract--There are two types of drivers in production machine systems: constant velocity (CV) motor and servo-motor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) motor and servo-motor. If a system contains two drivers or more, among which some are of the CV motor while the other are the servo-motor, the system has the so-called hybrid driver architecture is stable. A simulation is performed to show verify the proposed controller. The CV motor has the velocity

Zhang, WJ "Chris"

318

CONVERGENCE STUDIES OF MASS TRANSPORT IN DISKS WITH GRAVITATIONAL INSTABILITIES. I. THE CONSTANT COOLING TIME CASE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We conduct a convergence study of a protostellar disk, subject to a constant global cooling time and susceptible to gravitational instabilities (GIs), at a time when heating and cooling are roughly balanced. Our goal is to determine the gravitational torques produced by GIs, the level to which transport can be represented by a simple {alpha}-disk formulation, and to examine fragmentation criteria. Four simulations are conducted, identical except for the number of azimuthal computational grid points used. A Fourier decomposition of non-axisymmetric density structures in cos (m{phi}), sin (m{phi}) is performed to evaluate the amplitudes A{sub m} of these structures. The A{sub m} , gravitational torques, and the effective Shakura and Sunyaev {alpha} arising from gravitational stresses are determined for each resolution. We find nonzero A{sub m} for all m-values and that A{sub m} summed over all m is essentially independent of resolution. Because the number of measurable m-values is limited to half the number of azimuthal grid points, higher-resolution simulations have a larger fraction of their total amplitude in higher-order structures. These structures act more locally than lower-order structures. Therefore, as the resolution increases the total gravitational stress decreases as well, leading higher-resolution simulations to experience weaker average gravitational torques than lower-resolution simulations. The effective {alpha} also depends upon the magnitude of the stresses, thus {alpha}{sub eff} also decreases with increasing resolution. Our converged {alpha}{sub eff} is consistent with predictions from an analytic local theory for thin disks by Gammie, but only over many dynamic times when averaged over a substantial volume of the disk.

Michael, Scott; Steiman-Cameron, Thomas Y.; Durisen, Richard H. [Astronomy Department, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States); Boley, Aaron C., E-mail: scamicha@astro.indiana.edu, E-mail: tomsc@astro.indiana.edu, E-mail: durisen@astro.indiana.edu, E-mail: aaron.boley@gmail.com [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)

2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

319

Managing natural gas volume analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In late 1992, Natural Gas Pipeline Co. of America and BMP Energy Systems began the joint development of a system for the automated verification and statistical correction of gas volume data captured at meter locations by flow computers. NGPL required a single system that would provide functionality for both chart processing and automated EFM data validation and correction. The pipeline company was looking for a vendor that would help develop a system to handle EFM data. The NGAS 4[trademark] system implemented at NGPL made the bridge from monthly to daily gas volume processing. The automated and rapid validation of flow data within the NGAS 4 system minimizes human intervention for validation and correction. NGPL has moved from reliance on paper chart processing to the EFM capability required in the evolving US gas market.

Parker, J. (Natural Gas Pipeline Co. of America, Lombard, IL (United States)); Treat, R. (BMP Energy Systems, Houston, TX (United States)); Bergen, H. (BMP Energy Systems, Calgary, Alberta (Canada))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Waste minimization handbook, Volume 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical guide presents various methods used by industry to minimize low-level radioactive waste (LLW) generated during decommissioning and decontamination (D and D) activities. Such activities generate significant amounts of LLW during their operations. Waste minimization refers to any measure, procedure, or technique that reduces the amount of waste generated during a specific operation or project. Preventive waste minimization techniques implemented when a project is initiated can significantly reduce waste. Techniques implemented during decontamination activities reduce the cost of decommissioning. The application of waste minimization techniques is not limited to D and D activities; it is also useful during any phase of a facility`s life cycle. This compendium will be supplemented with a second volume of abstracts of hundreds of papers related to minimizing low-level nuclear waste. This second volume is expected to be released in late 1996.

Boing, L.E.; Coffey, M.J.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Petroleum Supply Annual, Volume 1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 With Data for 2012 | Release Date: September 27, 2013 | Next Release Date: August 28, 2014 Previous Issues Year: 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 Go Re-release of the Petroleum Supply Annual with data for 2011 Volume 1 - Final annual data for the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. Volume 1 Tables All Tables All Tables Detailed Statistics Tables National Statistics 1 U.S. Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products PDF CSV 2 U.S. Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products PDF CSV Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products 3 PAD District 1 PDF CSV 4 Daily Average PAD District 1 PDF CSV

322

Case Studies of Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems, Volume 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The photovoltaics industry is growing rapidly, and photovoltaic (PV) power is likely to become an increasingly significant source of distributed generation as its cost declines over the next ten years. This report completes a series of three volumes documenting more than a dozen grid-connected PV case studies in all and covering a broad range of system configurations and project types. The report provides field experience useful to improve the design of future PV systems and identifies problems that need...

2004-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

323

Smooth mixed-resolution GPU volume rendering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a mixed-resolution volume ray-casting approach that enables more flexibility in the choice of downsampling positions and filter kernels, allows freely mixing volume bricks of different resolutions during rendering, and does not require modifying ...

Johanna Beyer; Markus Hadwiger; Torsten Möller; Laura Fritz

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Spent Fuel Background Report Volume II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Volume II contains tables that describe DOE fuel storage facilities and the fuel contained in those facilities.

Abbott, D.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Accelerating volume rendering with texture hulls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Texture-mapping hardware has been successfully exploited for volume rendering. In this paper, we propose algorithms for texture-based volume rendering accelerated by texture hulls that avoid the transferring and compositing of empty voxels. We have developed ... Keywords: 2D texture-based volume rendering, bounding shapes, contour simplification, empty space skipping, graphics hardware, texture hulls

Wei Li; Arie Kaufman

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

On volumes of hyperbolic orbifolds ILESANMI ADEBOYE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Belolipetsky. On volumes of arithmetic quotients of SO(1, n). Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa-manifold of smallest volume. Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa. Classe di Scienze. Serie IV, 30, 22:1157­1215, 2009. #12;On volumes of hyperbolic orbifolds 19 [10] S. Gallot, D. Hulin, and J

Wei, Guofang

327

Utah Kerosene Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Kerosene Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes; Utah Kerosene Refiner Sales Volumes; Utah Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels ...

328

EIS-0285: Final Environmental Impact Statement, Volume 2 | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Volume 2 EIS-0285: Final Environmental Impact Statement, Volume 2 Bonneville Power Administration Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Volume 2: Appendices Appendix A...

329

[Federal Register: April 19, 2006 (Volume 71, Number 75)] | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Register: April 19, 2006 (Volume 71, Number 75) Federal Register: April 19, 2006 (Volume 71, Number 75) Federal Register: April 19, 2006 (Volume 71, Number 75) More...

330

Petroleum supply annual 1994. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1994 through annual and monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains four sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, Refinery Capacity, and Oxygenate Capacity each with final annual data. The second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1994, and replaces data previously published in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM). The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. Below is a description of each section in Volume 1 of the PSA.

NONE

1995-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

331

Petroleum supply annual 1993. Volume 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1993 through annual and monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains four sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, Refinery Capacity, and Oxygenate Capacity each with final annual data. The second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1993, and replaces data previously published in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM). The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. Below is a description of each section in Volume 1 of the PSA.

Not Available

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Environmental Report 1995. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the results of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory`s (LLNL) environmental monitoring and compliance effort and an assessment of the impact of LLNL operations on the environment and the public. This first volume describes LLNL`s environmental impact and compliance activities and features descriptive and explanatory text, summary data tables, and plots showing data trends. The summary data include measures of the center of data, their spread or variability, and their extreme values. Chapters on monitoring air, sewage, surface water, ground water, soil and sediment, vegetation and foodstuff, and environmental radiation are present.

Harrach, R.J.; Failor, R.A.; Gallegos, G.M. [and others

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Type checking and normalisation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is about Martin-Löf's intuitionistic theory of types (type theory). Type theory is at the same time a formal system for mathematical proof and… (more)

Chapman, James Maitland

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Hybrid type checking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phase distinctions in type theory. Manuscript, 1988. [10]Typechecking dependent types and subtypes. In Lecture notesF. Pfenning. Intersection types and computational effects.

Flanagan, C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Type 2 segmental glomangiomas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

skin disorders: different types of severitiy reflectevidence for dichotomous types of severitiy. Arch Dermatol9. Happle R, König A. Type 2 segmental manifestation of

Hoekzema, Rick; Zonneveld, Ingrid M; Wal, Allard C van der

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Contacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contacts to Contacts to someone by E-mail Share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Contacts on Facebook Tweet about High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Contacts on Twitter Bookmark High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Contacts on Google Bookmark High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Contacts on Delicious Rank High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Contacts on Digg Find More places to share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Contacts on AddThis.com... Home About For Builders For Residential Buyers For Light Commercial Buyers For Manufacturers For Utilities Information Resources Contacts Web site and High Performance Windows Volume Purchase Program contacts are provided below. Website Contact Send us your comments, report problems, and/or ask questions about

337

State of the art review of radioactive waste volume reduction techniques for commercial nuclear power plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A review is made of the state of the art of volume reduction techniques for low level liquid and solid radioactive wastes produced as a result of: (1) operation of commercial nuclear power plants, (2) storage of spent fuel in away-from-reactor facilities, and (3) decontamination/decommissioning of commercial nuclear power plants. The types of wastes and their chemical, physical, and radiological characteristics are identified. Methods used by industry for processing radioactive wastes are reviewed and compared to the new techniques for processing and reducing the volume of radioactive wastes. A detailed system description and report on operating experiences follow for each of the new volume reduction techniques. In addition, descriptions of volume reduction methods presently under development are provided. The Appendix records data collected during site surveys of vendor facilities and operating power plants. A Bibliography is provided for each of the various volume reduction techniques discussed in the report.

Not Available

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Connection between the high energy-scale evolution of the P- and T-odd $?N N$ coupling constant and the strong $?N N$ interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The large energy-scale behaviour of the parity and time-reversal violating (PTV) pion-nucleon coupling constant is analyzed in a model combining renormalization-group techniques and the dressing of the PTV vertex with a pion loop. With the strong $\\pi N N$ vertex as a mixture of the pseudovector and pseudoscalar couplings, we show that depending on the admixture parameter, two qualitatively distinct types of behaviour are obtained for the PTV coupling constant at high energy scales: an asymptotic freedom or a fixed-point. We find a critical value of the admixture parameter which delineates these two scenarios. Several examples of the high-energy scale behaviour of the PTV $\\pi N N$ constant are considered, corresponding to realistic hadronic models of the strong pion-nucleon interaction.

P. G. Blunden; S. Kondratyuk

2007-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

339

Spray cooling heat-transfer with subcooled trichlorotrifluoroethane (Freon-113) for vertical constant heat flux surfaces  

SciTech Connect

Experiments were done using subcooled Freon-113 sprayed vertically downward. Local and average heat transfers were investigated fro Freon-113 sprays with 40 C subcooling, droplet sizes 200-1250{mu}m, and droplet breakup velocities 5-29 m/s. Full-cone type nozzles were used to generate the spray. Test assemblies consisted of 1 to 6 7.62 cm vertical constant heat flux surfaces parallel with each other and aligned horizontally. Distance between heated surfaces was varied from 6.35 to 76.2 mm. Steady state heat fluxes as high as 13 W/cm{sup 2} were achieved. Dependence on the surface distance from axial centerline of the spray was found. For surfaces sufficiently removed from centerline, local and average heat transfers were identical and correlated by a power relation of the form seen for normal-impact sprays which involves the Weber number, a nondimensionalized temperature difference, and a mass flux parameter. For surfaces closer to centerline, the local heat transfer depended on vertical location on the surface while the average heat transfer was described by a semi-log correlation involving the same parameters. The heat transfer was independent of the distance (gap) between the heated surfaces for the gaps investigated.

Kendall, C.M. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Holman, J.P. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1996-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

340

Volume efficient sodium sulfur battery  

SciTech Connect

In accordance with the teachings of this specification, a sodium sulfur battery is formed as follows. A plurality of box shaped sulfur electrodes are provided, the outer surfaces of which are defined by an electrolyte material. Each of the electrodes have length and width dimensions substantially greater than the thicknesses thereof as well as upwardly facing surface and a downwardly facing surface. An electrode structure is contained in each of the sulfur electrodes. A holding structure is provided for holding the plurality of sulfur electrodes in a stacked condition with the upwardly facing surface of one sulfur electrode in facing relationship to the downwardly facing surface of another sulfur electrode thereabove. A small thickness dimension separates each of the stacked electrodes thereby defining between each pair of sulfur electrodes a volume which receives the sodium reactant. A reservoir is provided for containing sodium. A manifold structure interconnects the volumes between the sulfur electrodes and the reservoir. A metering structure controls the flow of sodium between the reservoir and the manifold structure.

Mikkor, Mati (Ann Arbor, MI)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Writing with Complex Type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

29] Middendorp, J. 2004. Dutch type. 010 Publishers. [30]A. Hyland. 1992. Twentieth-century type. Laurence King. [7]Robertson. 2005. From Movable Type to Moving Type-Evolution

Lewis, Jason; Nadeau, Bruno

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

ARE Update Volume 10, Number 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Price Differentials Constant SoCal-border– Opal Malin-Chicago Citygate4. Chicago Citygate 5. Henry Hub tial price equilibrium.

Uria, Rocio; Williams, Jeffrey; Hardesty, Shermain; Nataraj, Shanthi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

abstract data type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Definition of abstract data type, possibly with links to more information and implementations. NIST. abstract data type. (definition). ...

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

344

Fort Irwin Integrated Resource Assessment. Volume 2, Baseline detail  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the assessment of baseline energy use at Fort Irwin, a US Army Forces Command facility near Barstow, California. It is a companion report to Volume 1, Executive Summary, and Volume 3, Integrated Resource Assessment. The US Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) has tasked the US Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), supported by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), to identify, evaluate, and assist in acquiring all cost-effective energy projects at Fort Irwin. This is part of a model program that PNL has designed to support energy-use decisions in the federal sector. This program (1) identifies and evaluates all cost-effective energy projects; (2) develops a schedule at each installation for project acquisition considering project type, size, timing, and capital requirements, as well as energy and dollar savings; and (3) targets 100% of the financing required to implement energy efficiency projects. PNL applied this model program to Fort Irwin. This analysis examines the characteristics of electric, propane gas, and vehicle fuel use for a typical operating year. It records energy-use intensities for the facilities at Fort Irwin by building type and energy end use. It also breaks down building energy consumption by fuel type, energy end use, and building type. A complete energy consumption reconciliation is presented that accounts for all energy use among buildings, utilities, and applicable losses.

Richman, E.E.; Keller, J.M.; Dittmer, A.L.; Hadley, D.L.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Attachment 5 Volume II Pricing Matrix.xls | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 Volume II Pricing Matrix.xls&0; Attachment 5 Volume II Pricing Matrix.xls&0; Attachment 5 Volume II Pricing Matrix.xls&0; More Documents & Publications Attachment 6 Volume V...

346

Iowa Propane Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Iowa Propane (Consumer Grade) Refiner Sales Volumes; Iowa Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, ...

347

Alabama Propane Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Alabama Propane (Consumer Grade) Refiner Sales Volumes; Alabama Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, ...

348

NDN, volume transmission, and self-organization in brain dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NDN, VOLUME TRANSMISSION, AND SELF- ORGANIZATION IN BRAINThese systems instantiate volume transmission bynonsynaptic diffusion transmission, in concert with the

Freeman, Walter J III

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Connecticut Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- - - - - - 1986-2013 - - - - - - 1986-2013 Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel (Refiner Sales) W W W W W W 1984-2013 Kerosene (Refiner Sales) - W W - - NA 1984-2013 No. 1 Distillate (Refiner Sales) - - - - - - 1984-2013 No. 2 Distillate - - - - - - 1983-2013 No. 2 Fuel Oil (Residential) - - - - - - 1983-2013 No. 2 Diesel Fuel (Retail Outlets) - - - - - - 1994-2013 No. 4 Fuel Oil (Refiner Sales) W W W W W NA 1993-2013 Prime Supplier Sales Volumes (Thousand Gallons per Day) Motor Gasoline 3,969.5 4,012.0 3,982.9 4,034.9 3,938.4 3,955.8 1983-2013 Regular 3,431.9 3,470.2 3,458.0 3,486.5 3,382.7 3,432.7 1983-2013 Midgrade 62.5 64.9 67.3 73.9 67.8 57.4 1988-2013 Premium 475.0 476.9 457.6 474.5 487.9 465.7 1983-2013 Aviation Gasoline 2.7 4.1 3.0 6.1 3.4 3.5 1983-2013

350

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

05-1 · Types of Costs · Types of Cost Estimates · Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408) costs apply to those items that are consumed in production process and are roughly proportional to level in cash flow analysis and in the decision to use the equipment for reclamation? Types of Costs #12

Boisvert, Jeff

351

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Types of Costs · Types of Cost Estimates · Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408: Mining the equipment for reclamation? Types of Costs #12;· Marginal Cost: ­ Change in total cost ­ Any production process involves fixed and variable costs. As production increases/expands, fixed costs are unchanged, so

Boisvert, Jeff

352

Shared Communications: Volume 2. In-Depth Systems Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is the second of two documents that examine the literature for actual examples of organizations and agencies that share communications resources. While the primary emphasis is on rural, intelligent transportation system (ITS) communications involving transit, examples will not be limited to rural activities, nor to ITS implementation, nor even to transit. In addition, the term ''communication'' will be broadly applied to include all information resources. The first document of this series, ''Shared Communications: Volume I. A Summary and Literature Review'', defines the meaning of the term ''shared communication resources'' and provides many examples of agencies that share resources. This document, ''Shared Communications: Volume II. In-Depth Systems Research'', reviews attributes that contributed to successful applications of the sharing communication resources concept. A few examples of each type of communication sharing are provided. Based on the issues and best practice realworld examples, recommendations for potential usage and recommended approaches for field operational tests are provided.

Truett, LF

2004-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

353

Industrial process heat data analysis and evaluation. Volume 1  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) has modeled seven of the Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored solar Industrial Process Heat (IPH) field experiments and has generated thermal performance predictions for each project. Additionally, these performance predictions have been compared with actual performance measurements taken at the projects. Predictions were generated using SOLIPH, an hour-by-hour computer code with the capability for modeling many types of solar IPH components and system configurations. Comparisons of reported and predicted performance resulted in good agreement when the field test reliability and availability was high. Volume I contains the main body of the work: objective, model description, site configurations, model results, data comparisons, and summary. Volume II contains complete performance prediction results (tabular and graphic output) and computer program listings.

Lewandowski, A; Gee, R; May, K

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

ATF2 Proposal Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For achieving the high luminosity required at the International Linear Collider (ILC), it is critical to focus the beams to nanometer size with the ILC Beam Delivery System (BDS), and to maintain the beam collision with a nanometer-scale stability. To establish the technologies associated with this ultra-high precision beam handling, it has been proposed to implement an ILC-like final focus optics in an extension of the existing extraction beamline of ATF at KEK. The ATF is considered to be the best platform for this exercise, since it provides an adequate ultra-low emittance electron beam in a manner dedicated to the development of ILC. The two major goals for this facility, called ATF2, are: (A) Achievement of a 37 nm beam size, and (B) control of beam position down to 2 nm level. The scientific justification for the ATF2 project and its technical design have been described in Volume 1 of the ATF2 Proposal [1]. We present here Volume 2 of the ATF2 Proposal, in which we present specifics of the construction plans and the group organization to execute the research programs at ATF2. The sections in this report have been authored by relevant ATF2 subgroups within the International ATF Collaboration. The time line of the project is described in Section 2. Section 3 discuss the structure of the international collaboration. Sections 4 and 5 discuss budget considerations, which are presented as well as the design and construction tasks to be shared by the international collaboration at ATF2. Concluding remarks have been contributed by Dr. Ewan Paterson, Chair of the International Collaboration Board of the ATF collaboration.

Grishanov, B.I.; Logachev, P.; Podgorny, F.; Telnov, V.; /Novosibirsk, IYF; Angal-Kalinin, D.; Jones, J.; Kalinin, A.; /Daresbury; Napoly, O.; Payet, J.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Braun, H.H.; Schulte, D.; Zimmermann, F.; /CERN; Appleby, R.; Barlow, R.; Bailey, I.; Jenner, L.; Jones, R.; Kourevlev, G.; /Cockcroft Inst.; Elsen, E.; Vogel, V.; Walker, N.; /DESY /Fermilab /Hiroshima U. /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys. /Oxford U. /Royal Holloway, U. of London /KEK, Tsukuba /Kyoto U., Inst. Chem. Res. /Orsay, LAL /Valencia U. /Annecy, LAPP /LBL, Berkeley /LLNL, Livermore /University Coll. London /Chiba, Natl. Inst. Rad. Sci. /North Carolina A-T State U. /Oregon U. /Pohang Accelerator Lab. /Queen Mary, U. of London /SLAC /Tokyo U.

2006-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

355

Bang-bang Controls and Piecewise Constant ones for Continuous Roesser Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the paper, we prove the bang-bang principle for a continuous linear nonautonomous Roesser system and some approximation result (with respect to piecewise constant controls) for a continuous nonautonomous Roesser system which is linear in the state ... Keywords: Bang---bang principle, Continuous Roesser system, Piecewise constant controls

Dariusz Idczak; Marek Majewski

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Determination of Low-Energy Constants of Wilson Chiral Perturbation Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By matching Wilson twisted mass lattice QCD determinations of pseudoscalar meson masses to Wilson Chiral Perturbation Theory we determine the low-energy constants $W'_6$, $W'_8$ and their linear combination $c_2$. We explore the dependence of these low-energy constants on the choice of the lattice action and on the number of dynamical flavours.

Gregorio Herdoiza; Karl Jansen; Chris Michael; Konstantin Ottnad; Carsten Urbach

2013-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

357

Direct Test of the Time-Independence of Fundamental Nuclear Constants Using the Oklo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Direct Test of the Time-Independence of Fundamental Nuclear Constants Using the Oklo Natural Reactor #3; Alexander I. Shlyakhter November 18, 1982 1 Introduction The following eight quantities enter the important natural constants of cosmology and atomic theory are connected by simple mathematical relations

Shlyakhter, Ilya

358

Study of thermal properties of graphene-based structures using the force constant method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermal properties of graphene-based materials are theoretically investigated. The fourth-nearest neighbor force constant method for phonon properties is used in conjunction with both the Landauer ballistic and the non-equilibrium Green's function ... Keywords: Force constant method, Graphene, Graphene antidots, Non-equilibrium Green's function, Thermal properties

Hossein Karamitaheri; Neophytos Neophytou; Mahdi Pourfath; Hans Kosina

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

WIPP Volume I - ESH - Final 2.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Waste Isolation Waste Isolation Pilot Plant August 2002 ISM Volume I Office of Independent Oversight and Performance Assurance Office of the Secretary of Energy INDEPENDENT OVERSIGHT INSPECTION OF ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, AND HEALTH MANAGEMENT AT THE WASTE ISOLATION PILOT PLANT Volume I August 2002 i INDEPENDENT OVERSIGHT INSPECTION OF ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, AND HEALTH MANAGEMENT AT THE WASTE ISOLATION PILOT PLANT Volume I Table of Contents Acronyms .........................................................................................................................................iii 1.0 Introduction .................................................................................................................................1 2.0 Results ........................................................................................................................................3

360

NTS Volume 2 - Clean Edit.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nevada Test Site Nevada Test Site Office of Independent Oversight and Performance Assurance Office of the Secretary of Energy October 2002 Volume II INDEPENDENT OVERSIGHT INSPECTION OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AT THE NEVADA TEST SITE VOLUME II October 2002 i INDEPENDENT OVERSIGHT INSPECTION OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AT THE NEVADA TEST SITE Volume II Table of Contents Acronyms .........................................................................................................................................iii 1.0 Introduction ................................................................................................................................1 2.0 Results .......................................................................................................................................3

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

WIPP Volume II - EM - Final.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Waste Isolation Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Office of Independent Oversight and Performance Assurance Office of the Secretary of Energy August 2002 Volume II INDEPENDENT OVERSIGHT INSPECTION OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AT THE WASTE ISOLATION PILOT PLANT Volume II August 2002 i INDEPENDENT OVERSIGHT INSPECTION OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AT THE WASTE ISOLATION PILOT PLANT Volume II Table of Contents Acronyms .........................................................................................................................................iii 1.0 Introduction ................................................................................................................................1 2.0 Results .......................................................................................................................................3

362

Pantex Volume 1 - Final.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pantex Plant Pantex Plant Office of Independent Oversight and Performance Assurance Office of the Secretary of Energy November 2002 ISM Volume I INDEPENDENT OVERSIGHT INSPECTION OF ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, AND HEALTH MANAGEMENT AT THE PANTEX PLANT Volume I November 2002 i INDEPENDENT OVERSIGHT INSPECTION OF ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, AND HEALTH MANAGEMENT AT THE PANTEX PLANT Volume I Table of Contents Acronyms ......................................................................................................................................... iii 1.0 Introduction ................................................................................................................................ 1 2.0 Results .......................................................................................................................................

363

Adaptive iterative multiscale finite volume method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The multiscale finite volume (MSFV) method is a computationally efficient numerical method for the solution of elliptic and parabolic problems with heterogeneous coefficients. It has been shown for a wide range of test cases that the MSFV results are ... Keywords: Adaptive multiscale method, Elliptic problem, Infrequently localization improvement, Iterative multiscale finite-volume method, Iterative multiscale method, Multiphase flow, Multiscale finite-volume method, Multiscale method, Porous media

Hadi Hajibeygi; Patrick Jenny

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

NTS Volume 1 Clean Edit.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nevada Test Site Nevada Test Site Office of Independent Oversight and Performance Assurance Office of the Secretary of Energy October 2002 ISM Volume I INDEPENDENT OVERSIGHT INSPECTION OF ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, AND HEALTH MANAGEMENT AT THE NEVADA TEST SITE Volume I October 2002 i INDEPENDENT OVERSIGHT INSPECTION OF ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, AND HEALTH MANAGEMENT AT THE NEVADA TEST SITE Volume I Table of Contents Acronyms .........................................................................................................................................iii 1.0 Introduction ................................................................................................................................1 2.0 Results .......................................................................................................................................4

365

Petroleum supply annual 1995: Volume 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The {ital Petroleum Supply Annual} contains information on supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. It reflects data collected from the petroleum industry during 1995 through monthly surveys, and it is divided into 2 volumes. This volume contains three sections: summary statistics, detailed statistics, and selected refinery statistics, each with final annual data. (The other volume contains final statistics for each month and replaces data previously published in the {ital Petroleum Supply Monthly}).

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

High-loop perturbative renormalization constants for Lattice QCD (II): three-loop quark currents for tree-level Symanzik improved gauge action and n_f=2 Wilson fermions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical Stochastic Perturbation Theory was able to get three- (and even four-) loop results for finite Lattice QCD renormalization constants. More recently, a conceptual and technical framework has been devised to tame finite size effects, which had been reported to be significant for (logarithmically) divergent renormalization constants. In this work we present three-loop results for fermion bilinears in the Lattice QCD regularization defined by tree-level Symanzik improved gauge action and n_f=2 Wilson fermions. We discuss both finite and divergent renormalization constants in the RI'-MOM scheme. Since renormalization conditions are defined in the chiral limit, our results also apply to Twisted Mass QCD, for which non-perturbative computations of the same quantities are available. We emphasize the importance of carefully accounting for both finite lattice space and finite volume effects. In our opinion the latter have in general not attracted the attention they would deserve.

Brambilla, Michele

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

,"California Natural Gas Underground Storage Volume (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Natural Gas Underground Storage Volume (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","62013" ,"Release...

368

TransForum Volume 13 Issue 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

glassblower Joe Gregar, the chambers are modeled after cells being used by Professor Peter Bruce's research group at University of St. Andrews, Scotland. TransForum | Volume...

369

Petroleum supply annual 1998: Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The ``Petroleum Supply Annual`` (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1998 through annual and monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains three sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, and Refinery Statistics; each with final annual data. The second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1998, and replaces data previously published in the PSA. The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. 16 figs., 59 tabs.

NONE

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Journal of Research Volume 76C  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Volume 76C. ISSN: 0022-4316. Issue 1 and 2. Issue 1 and 2 January 1972. National Bureau of Standards one kilogram balance NBS no. ...

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

371

ARE Update Volume 13, Number 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use of U.S. Croplands for Biofuels In- creases Greenhousea mini- mum volume of biofuels and requires a nationalper unit of various biofuels. For example, corn ethanol

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Departmental Information Systems Engineering (Volume 1) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Documents & Publications Departmental Information Systems Engineering (Volume 2) Systems Engineering Methodology (SEM) Audit Report: IG-0836 Energy.gov Careers & Internships...

373

Aging, rejuvenation and thixotropy in complex fluids. Time-dependence of the viscosity at rest and under constant shear rate or shear stress  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Complex fluids exhibit time-dependent changes in viscosity that have been ascribed to both thixotropy and aging. However, there is no consensus for which phenomenon is the origin of which changes. A novel thixotropic model is defined that incorporates aging. Conditions under which viscosity changes are due to thixotropy and aging are unambiguously defined. Viscosity changes in a complex fluid during a period of rest after destructuring exhibit a bifurcation at a critical volume fraction PHIc2. For volume fractions less than PHIc2, the viscosity remains finite in the limit t => infinite. For volume fractions above critical the viscosity grows without limit, so aging occurs at rest. At constant shear rate there is no bifurcation, whereas under constant shear stress the model predicts a new bifurcation in the viscosity at a critical stress sB, identical to the yield stress sy observed under steady conditions. The divergence of the viscosity for stress s sB is best defined as aging. However, for s > sB, where the viscosity remains finite, it seems preferable to use the concepts of restructuring and destructuring, rather than aging and rejuvenation. Nevertheless, when a stress sA (sB) is applied during aging, slower aging is predicted and discussed as true rejuvenation. Plastic behaviour is predicted under steady conditions when s > sB. The Herschel-Bulkley model fits the flow curve for stresses close to sB, whereas the Bingham model gives a better fit for s >> sB. Finally, the model's predictions are shown to be consistent with experimental data from the literature for the transient behaviour of laponite gels.

Daniel Quemada

2008-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

374

Type systems for dummies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We extend Pure Type Systems with a function turning each term M of type A into a dummy |M| of the same type (|.| is not an identity, in that M ? |M|). Intuitively, a dummy represents an unknown, canonical object of the given type: dummies are opaque ... Keywords: canonical element, proof irrelevance, pure type system

Andrea Asperti; Ferruccio Guidi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Contemporary Mathematics Volume 218, 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of nonoverlapping or overlapping subdomain solutions with homogeneous Sommerfeld-type transmission conditions the computational grid must be su ciently re ned 1991 Mathematics Subject Classi cation. Primary 65N55; Secondary 65-to-Neumann DtN map on the outer boundary, which provides an exact boundary condition at nite distances from

Keyes, David

376

ARM - Measurement - Cloud type  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

type ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud type Cloud type such as...

377

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: About the High Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: About the High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: About the High Performance Windows Volume Purchase Program to someone by E-mail Share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: About the High Performance Windows Volume Purchase Program on Facebook Tweet about High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: About the High Performance Windows Volume Purchase Program on Twitter Bookmark High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: About the High Performance Windows Volume Purchase Program on Google Bookmark High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: About the High Performance Windows Volume Purchase Program on Delicious Rank High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: About the High Performance Windows Volume Purchase Program on Digg Find More places to share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase:

378

STATUS OF IN-REACTOR TENSILE STRAINING OF PURE COPPER AT A CONSTANT STRAIN RATE  

SciTech Connect

Annealed tensile samples of pure copper were irradiated in the fission reactor BR-2 in Mol, Belgium at 90 degrees C with a damage rate of 0.00000006 dpa/sec. The tensile specimens were a sheet-type specimen with a 3-mm gage width and a gage length of 7 mm. The first experiment involved two specimens, one of which was irradiated with no load to provide a comparative specimen to the other specimen, which was loaded at a constant strain rate of 0.00000013 1/s. The uniaxial tensile load was applied 4 hrs after the irradiation rig was inserted into the reactor core. This corresponded to a total displacement damage of 0.00086 dpa accumulated before the tensile test was started. The tensile test was considered complete once the load began rapidly falling and reached 100 MPa, at which level the test was stopped and the load quickly reduced to zero to leave the specimen intact. For these test conditions the specimen reached a total plastic strain of approximately 13 percent when the test was stopped, considerably less than that of unirradiated pure copper tested under the same strain rate, which was on the order of 50 percent total elongation. The second experiment involved two samples irradiated under identical irradiation and test conditions, but in this case the tensile load was not applied until a total dose of 0.01 dpa (approximately 50 hours after insertion into the reactor core) was reached. Once the load was applied, the stress immediately climbed to approximately 150 MPa with little plastic strain, followed by a small yield drop and work hardening up to a maximum stress of approximately 200 MPa. As in the first experiment, the tensile test was stopped when the load began decreasing and reached a level of 100 MPa.

Edwards, Danny J.; Singh, Bachu N.; Tahtinen, S.; Moilanen, P.; Jacquet, P.; Dekeyser, J.

2003-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

379

PartialVolume Bayesian Classification of Material Mixtures in MR Volume Data using Voxel Histograms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

geometric models and renderings from volume data. It also has the potential to make more­accurate volume.g., both muscle and fat; we compute the relative proportion of each material in the voxels. Second, we Collection Classification Model Building Volume Rendering/ Visualization Analysis ?? ?? @ @ @ R @ @ @ R

380

Partial-Volume Bayesian Classification of Material Mixtures in MR Volume Data using Voxel Histograms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

geometric models and renderings from volume data. It also has the potential to make more-accurate volume.g., both muscle and fat; we compute the relative proportion of each material in the voxels. Second, we visualize parts of the data, thus better controlling a volume-rendered image [Levoy, 1988], a surface model

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Long-Term, Low-Level Radwaste Volume-Reduction Strategies, Volumes 1-5  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sharp increases in the cost of low-level radioactive waste disposal make volume reduction an attractive alternative for owners of nuclear power plants. This study evaluated the leading volume-reduction options and developed the powerful VRTECH computer code to assist utilities in making long-range volume-reduction selection decisions.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

On Volume Based 3D Display Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the case of certain applications in which a need exists to visualize and interact with voluminous data sets and complex 3-D geometrical models, the conventional computer interface inhibits key human-computer interaction processes. Here, several deficiencies ... Keywords: 3-D Display, Cathode Ray Sphere, Computed Holography, Electroholography, Image Space, Static-Volume Display, Swept-Volume Display, Varifocal Display, Visualization, Volumetric Display

Barry G. Blundell

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Yankee Rowe Decommissioning Experience Record: Volume 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes Yankee Atomic's experiences in the process of decommissioning the Yankee Rowe nuclear power plant. This volume presents lessons learned during work finished by September 1997. A second volume, to be published in 1998, will complete the experience record. The recommendations and insights in this report will be valuable to other utilities with permanently shutdown plants.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

384

Iodine retention during evaporative volume reduction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved method for retaining radioactive iodine in aqueous waste solutions during volume reduction is disclosed. The method applies to evaporative volume reduction processes whereby the decontaminated (evaporated) water can be returned safely to the environment. The method generally comprises isotopically diluting the waste solution with a nonradioactive iodide and maintaining the solution at a high pH during evaporation.

Godbee, H.W.; Cathers, G.I.; Blanco, R.E.

1975-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

385

Information architecture. Volume 4: Vision  

SciTech Connect

The Vision document marks the transition from definition to implementation of the Department of Energy (DOE) Information Architecture Program. A description of the possibilities for the future, supported by actual experience with a process model and tool set, points toward implementation options. The directions for future information technology investments are discussed. Practical examples of how technology answers the business and information needs of the organization through coordinated and meshed data, applications, and technology architectures are related. This document is the fourth and final volume in the planned series for defining and exhibiting the DOE information architecture. The targeted scope of this document includes DOE Program Offices, field sites, contractor-operated facilities, and laboratories. This document paints a picture of how, over the next 7 years, technology may be implemented, dramatically improving the ways business is conducted at DOE. While technology is mentioned throughout this document, the vision is not about technology. The vision concerns the transition afforded by technology and the process steps to be completed to ensure alignment with business needs. This goal can be met if those directing the changing business and mission-support processes understand the capabilities afforded by architectural processes.

NONE

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

FICS--A PROGRAM TO COMPUTE FEW-GROUP CONSTANTS WITHIN THE KARE DIFFUSION THEORY SYSTEM  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

FICS is a group constant program available as an alternative to the WOXX routine within the KARE System. FICS computes diffusion constants and macroscopic cross sections for slowing down, absorption, nu -fission, and total removal in two, three, or four energy groups for each compositional region in the reactor model. The one-group thermal constants are provided by a variational technique which computes an approximate Wigner-Wilkins flux spectrum as a linear combination of two trial spectra. These consist of a low-absorption spectrum and a high-absorption spectrum, covering the energies below 0.625 ev in 32 lethargy intervals. The thermal group constants are determined by averaging lethargy- dependent microscopic cross sections and diffusion constants over the composite spectrum. FICS' thermal constants are temperaturedependent with region temperatures from 68 to 600 nif- F permitted. In the fast energy range, 10 Mev to 0.625 ev, the program computes temperature-independent constants in one, two, or three energy groups. These are determined from stored microscopic cross sections which were obtained by curve fitting to MUFT parameters over a wide range of metal-water ratios. FICS provides optional calculations, some of which modify the group constants for special purposes, while others merely prepare and transmit data to other segments. Included are: automatic Xenon determination; special prescriptions for thin, highly absorbing regions; an adjoint option; a technique for handling window shade'' control rods; automatic calculation of fission products; mixed number density modification; spectrum option; precalculated group constant option, depletion option; AMOK option; and special calculations for r-z synthesis. (auth)

Goodman, D.E.

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Manifestations of a spatial variation of fundamental constants on atomic clocks, Oklo, meteorites, and cosmological phenomena  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The remarkable detection of a spatial variation in the fine-structure constant, alpha, from quasar absorption systems must be independently confirmed by complementary searches. In this letter, we discuss how terrestrial measurements of time-variation of the fundamental constants in the laboratory, meteorite data, and analysis of the Oklo nuclear reactor can be used to corroborate the spatial variation seen by astronomers. Furthermore, we show that spatial variation of the fundamental constants may be observable as spatial anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background, the accelerated expansion (dark energy), and large-scale structure of the Universe.

J. C. Berengut; V. V. Flambaum

2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

388

Bounds and self-consistent estimates for elastic constants of granular polycrystals composed of orthorhombics or crystal with higher symmetries  

SciTech Connect

Methods for computing Hashin-Shtrikman bounds and related self-consistent estimates of elastic constants for polycrystals composed of crystals having orthorhombic symmetry have been known for about three decades. However, these methods are underutilized, perhaps because of some perceived difficulties with implementing the necessary computational procedures. Several simplifications of these techniques are introduced, thereby reducing the overall computational burden, as well as the complications inherent in mapping out the Hashin-Shtrikman bounding curves. The self-consistent estimates of the effective elastic constants are very robust, involving a quickly converging iteration procedure. Once these self-consistent values are known, they may then be used to speed up the computations of the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds themselves. It is shown furthermore that the resulting orthorhombic polycrystal code can be used as well to compute both bounds and self-consistent estimates for polycrystals of higher-symmetry tetragonal, hexagonal, and cubic (but not trigonal) materials. The self-consistent results found this way are shown to be the same as those obtained using the earlier methods, specifically those methods designed specially for each individual symmetry type. But the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds found using the orthorhombic code are either the same or (more typically) tighter than those found previously for these special cases (i.e., tetragonal, hexagonal, and cubic). The improvement in the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds is presumably due to the additional degrees of freedom introduced into the available search space.

Berryman, J. G.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Verification and validation guidelines for high integrity systems. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

High integrity systems include all protective (safety and mitigation) systems for nuclear power plants, and also systems for which comparable reliability requirements exist in other fields, such as in the process industries, in air traffic control, and in patient monitoring and other medical systems. Verification aims at determining that each stage in the software development completely and correctly implements requirements that were established in a preceding phase, while validation determines that the overall performance of a computer system completely and correctly meets system requirements. Volume I of the report reviews existing classifications for high integrity systems and for the types of errors that may be encountered, and makes recommendations for verification and validation procedures, based on assumptions about the environment in which these procedures will be conducted. The final chapter of Volume I deals with a framework for standards in this field. Volume II contains appendices dealing with specific methodologies for system classification, for dependability evaluation, and for two software tools that can automate otherwise very labor intensive verification and validation activities.

Hecht, H.; Hecht, M.; Dinsmore, G.; Hecht, S.; Tang, D. [SoHaR, Inc., Beverly Hills, CA (United States)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Type-checking injective pure type systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Injective pure type systems form a large class of pure type systems for which one can compute by purely syntactic means two sorts elmt(?∣M) and sort(?∣M), where ? is a pseudo-context and M is a pseudo-term, ...

Gilles Barthe

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Optimal Constant-Time Approximation Algorithms and (Unconditional) Inapproximability Results for Every Bounded-Degree CSP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Raghavendra (STOC 2008) gave an elegant and surprising result: if Khot's Unique Games Conjecture (STOC 2002) is true, then for every constraint satisfaction problem (CSP), the best approximation ratio is attained by a certain simple semidefinite programming and a rounding scheme for it. In this paper, we show that a similar result holds for constant-time approximation algorithms in the bounded-degree model. Specifically, we present the followings: (i) For every CSP, we construct an oracle that serves an access, in constant time, to a nearly optimal solution of a basic LP relaxation of the CSP. (ii) Using the oracle, we present a constant-time rounding scheme that achieves an approximation ratio coincident with the integrality gap of the basic LP. (iii) We give a generic conversion from integrality gaps of basic LPs to hardness results. All of those results are ``unconditional.'' Therefore, for every bounded-degree CSP, we give the best constant-time approximation algorithm among all.

Yoshida, Yuichi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Objective Analysis of Constant Altitude Aircraft Measurements in Thunderstorm Inflow Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Objective numerical techniques are applied in analyzing constant altitude aircraft measurements obtained from coordinated research flights in thunderstorm inflow regions. The approach combines meteorological and flight track data from dual or ...

J. C. Fankhauser; C. J. Biter; C. G. Mohr; R. L. Vaughan

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Three-dimensional metrics as deformations of a constant curvature metric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Any three-dimensional Riemannian metric can be locally obtained by deforming a constant curvature metric along one direction. The general interest of this result, both in geometry and physics, and related open problems are stressed.

B. Coll; J. Llosa; D. Soler

2001-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

394

A New Value of the von Kármán Constant: Implications and Implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The von Kármán constant k occurs throughout the mathematics that describe the atmospheric boundary layer. In particular, because k was originally included in the definition of the Obukhov length, its value has both explicit and implicit effects ...

Edgar L. Andreas

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Fractal properties in fundamental force coupling constants, in atomic energies, and in elementary particle masses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the discrete-scale invariance theory, we show that the coupling constants of fundamental forces, the atomic masses and energies, and the elementary particle masses, obey to the fractal properties.

Boris Tatischeff

2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

396

The Harmonic Constant Datum Method: Options for Overcoming Datum Discontinuities at Mixed–Diurnal Tidal Transitions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The harmonic constant datum (HCD) method is a computationally efficient way of estimating tidal datums relative to mean sea level, without the need to compute long time series. However, datum discontinuities can occur between mixed and diurnal ...

Harold O. Mofjeld; Angie J. Venturato; Frank I. González; Vasily V. Titov; Jean C. Newman

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Few-Group Baffle and/or Reflector Constants for Diffusion Calculation Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate calculation of neutron leakage in LWR cores is critical to effective fuel management and safety analysis. The definitive baffle and reflector constants developed in this study allow engineers to more accurately perform such few-group diffusion analyses.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Phenomenological scaling laws relating the observed galactic dimensions to Planck action constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that the characteristic observed radius, velocity, and temperature of a typical galaxy can be inferred from Planck action constant through a phenomenological scaling law on all cosmological scales.

Salvatore Capozziello; Salvatore De Martino; Silvio De Siena; Fabrizio Illuminati

1999-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

399

Characterization of high-power lithium-ion cells during constant current cycling. Part I. Cycle performance and electrochemical diagnostics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Twelve-cm{sup 2} pouch type lithium-ion cells were assembled with graphite anodes, LiNi{sub 0.8}Co{sub 0.15}Al{sub 0.05}O{sub 2} cathodes and 1M LiPF{sub 6}/EC/DEC electrolyte. These pouch cells were cycled at different depths of discharge (100 percent and 70 percent DOD) at room temperature to investigate cycle performance and pulse power capability. The capacity loss and power fade of the cells cycled over 100 percent DOD was significantly faster than the cell cycled over 70 percent DOD. The overall cell impedance increased with cycling, although the ohmic resistance from the electrolyte was almost constant. From electrochemical analysis of each electrode after cycling, structural and/or impedance changes in the cathode are responsible for most of the capacity and power fade, not the consumption of cycleable Li from side-reactions.

Shim, Joongpyo; Striebel, Kathryn A.

2003-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

400

Typing constraint logic programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a prescriptive type system with parametric polymorphism and subtyping for constraint logic programs. The aim of this type system is to detect programming errors statically. It introduces a type discipline for constraint logic programs and ... Keywords: Constraint logic programming, Metaprogramming, Prolog, subtyping, type systems

François Fages; Emmanuel Coquery

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Large-Nc estimate of the chiral low-energy constants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chiral low-energy constants incorporate short-distance information from the dynamics involving heavier degrees of freedom not present in the chiral Lagrangian. We have studied the contribution of the lightest resonances to the chiral low-energy constants, up to O(p^6), within a systematic procedure guided by the large-Nc limit of QCD and also including short-distance asymptotic constraints.

J. Portoles

2007-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

402

Sequence of the dog immunoglobulin alpha and epsilon constant region genes  

SciTech Connect

The immunoglobulin alpha (IGHAC) and epsilon (IGHEC) germline constant region genes were isolated from a dog liver genomic DNA library. Sequence analysis indicates that the dog IGHEC gene is encoded by four exons spread out over 1.7 kilobases (kb). The IGHAC sequence encompasses 1.5 kb and includes all three constant region coding exons. The complete exon/intron sequence of these genes is described. 28 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Patel, M.; Selinger, D.; Mark, G.E.; Hollis, G.F.; Hickey, G.J. [Merck Research Labs., Rathway, NJ (United States)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

On the distribution of estimators of diffusion constants for Brownian motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the distribution of various estimators for extracting the diffusion constant of single Brownian trajectories obtained by fitting the squared displacement of the trajectory. The analysis of the problem can be framed in terms of quadratic functionals of Brownian motion that correspond to the Euclidean path integral for simple Harmonic oscillators with time dependent frequencies. Explicit analytical results are given for the distribution of the diffusion constant estimator in a number of cases and our results are confirmed by numerical simulations.

Denis Boyer; David S. Dean

2011-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

404

Trajectory fusion for three-dimensional volume reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the 3D volume reconstruction problem from depth adjacent sub-volumes acquired by a confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). Our goal is to align the sub-volumes by estimating a set of optimal global transformations that preserve morphological ... Keywords: 3D Volume reconstruction, Confocal laser scanning microscopy, Extrapolation, Residual minimization, Sub-volume registration, Trajectory fusion

Sang-Chul Lee; Peter Bajcsy

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

SAPHIRE 8 Volume 5 - Workspaces  

SciTech Connect

The Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) Version 8 is a software application developed for performing a complete probabilistic risk assessment using a personal computer running the Microsoft Windows™ operating system. SAPHIRE 8 is funded by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The role of the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in this project is that of software developer and tester. In older versions of SAPHIRE, the model creation and analysis functions were intermingled. However, in SAPHIRE 8, the act of creating a model has been separated from the analysis of that model in order to improve the quality of both the model (e.g., by avoiding inadvertent changes) and the analysis. Consequently, in SAPHIRE 8, the analysis of models is performed by using what are called Workspaces. Currently, there are Workspaces for three types of analyses: (1) the NRC’s Accident Sequence Precursor program, where the workspace is called “Events and Condition Assessment (ECA);” (2) the NRC’s Significance Determination Process (SDP); and (3) the General Analysis (GA) workspace. Workspaces for each type are created and saved separately from the base model which keeps the original database intact. Workspaces are independent of each other and modifications or calculations made within one workspace will not affect another. In addition, each workspace has a user interface and reports tailored for their intended uses.

C. L. Smith; J. K. Knudsen; D. O'Neal

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Your Data Analysis Needs and Tukey Joseph A. Insley Data Representations: Volume Rendering  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Analysis Needs and Tukey Data Analysis Needs and Tukey Joseph A. Insley Data Representations: Volume Rendering  Turn 2- and 3-dimensionsal datasets into 2D images  Approximation: Volume ray casting Data Representations: Glyphs  2D or 3D geometric object to represent point data  Location dictated by coordinate  3D location on mesh  2D position in table/graph  Attributes of graphical entity dictated by attributes of a data  color, size, orientation Data Representations: Iso-contours  A Line (2D) or Surface (3D), representing a constant value Data Representations: Cutting Planes  Slice a plane through the data  Can apply additional visualization methods to resulting plane Data Representations: Streamlines  From vector field on a mesh (needs connectivity)

407

Variable Speed Drive Volumetric Tracking (VSDVT) for Airflow Control in Variable Air Volume (VAV) Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An airflow control method has been developed for variable air volume (VAV) systems. This airflow control method is named VSD volumetric tracking (VSDVT) since both the supply and return airflows are determined using signals of the variable speed drives (VSD) instead of the flow stations. Its performance is studied and compared with the fan tracking (FT) method using model simulations. The VSDVT maintains a constant building pressure and the required outside airflow under all load conditions, reduces the annual return air fan energy by up to 50%, and the annual supply air fan energy by up to 30%. This paper presents the VSDVT method, the system models, and the simulation results.

Liu, M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

33.9 215.8 9.7 10.0 12.1 16.3 0.0 28.4 See footnotes at end of table. 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type 14 Energy Information Administration ...

409

Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

35.2 213.6 9.5 9.8 12.9 16.6 NA 29.5 See footnotes at end of table. 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type 14 Energy Information Administration ...

410

Handbook for Electromagnetic Compatibility of Digital Equipment in Power Plants, Volume 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The two volumes of this handbook explain the fundamentals of electromagnetic compatibility and provides guidelines for ensuring the electromagnetic compatibility of digital equipment in power plants. The handbook is applicable to digital equipment being installed in all types of power plants.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Handbook for Electromagnetic Compatibility of Digital Equipment in Power Plants, Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The two volumes of this handbook explain the fundamentals of electromagnetic compatibility and provides guidelines for ensuring the electromagnetic compatibility of digital equipment in power plants. The handbook is applicable to digital equipment being installed in all types of power plants.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

National low-level waste management program radionuclide report series, Volume 14: Americium-241  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report, Volume 14 of the National Low-Level Waste Management Program Radionuclide Report Series, discusses the radiological and chemical characteristics of americium-241 ({sup 241}Am). This report also includes discussions about waste types and forms in which {sup 241}Am can be found and {sup 241}Am behavior in the environment and in the human body.

Winberg, M.R.; Garcia, R.S.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

The PCB Information Manual: Volume 1: Production, Uses, Characteristics, and Toxicity of PCBs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although production of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the United States ended in 1977, many types of in-service equipment, such as utility transformers, and many products, such as paints, caulking, and plastics, still contain PCBs. This Volume of the PCB Information Manual provides information concerning the production, uses, characteristics, and toxicity of PCBs.

1999-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

414

High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Subscribe to Windows...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Subscribe to Windows Volume Purchase Event News and Updates to someone by E-mail Share High Performance Windows Volume Purchase: Subscribe to Windows Volume Purchase Event News and...

415

Attachment 6 Volume V Pricing Matrix for Optional Enhancements...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Attachment 6 Volume V Pricing Matrix for Optional Enhancements.xls&0; Attachment 6 Volume V Pricing Matrix for Optional Enhancements.xls&0; Attachment 6 Volume V Pricing Matrix...

416

41146_R01_Volume I.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS CONTROL VOLUMES I & II GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS CONTROL VOLUMES I & II BY OXYGEN FIRING IN CIRCULATING FLUIDIZED BED BOILERS ALSTOM Power Inc. May 15, 2003 i GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS CONTROL BY OXYGEN FIRING IN CIRCULATING FLUIDIZED BED BOILERS: PHASE 1 - A PRELIMINARY SYSTEMS EVALUATION FINAL REPORT VOLUME I EVALUATION OF ADVANCED COAL COMBUSTION & GASIFICATION POWER PLANTS WITH GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION CONTROL VOLUME II BENCH-SCALE FLUIDIZED BED COMBUSTION TESTING SUBMITTED BY ALSTOM POWER INC. POWER PLANT LABORATORIES 2000 DAY HILL ROAD WINDSOR, CT 06095 (860) 688-1911 PREPARED FOR NETL AAD DOCUMENT CONTROL BLDG. 921 US DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY P.O. BOX 10940 PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA 15236-0940

417

41146_R01_Volume II.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS CONTROL BY OXYGEN VOLUME II: BENCH-SCALE FBC TERSTING GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS CONTROL BY OXYGEN VOLUME II: BENCH-SCALE FBC TERSTING FIRING IN CIRCULATING FLUIDIZED BED BOLIERS ALSTOM Power Inc. May 15, 2003 GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS CONTROL BY OXYGEN FIRING IN CIRCULATING FLUIDIZED BED BOILERS: PHASE 1 - A PRELIMINARY SYSTEMS EVALUATION FINAL REPORT VOLUME I EVALUATION OF ADVANCED COAL COMBUSTION & GASIFICATION POWER PLANTS WITH GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS CONTROL VOLUME II BENCH-SCALE FLUIDIZED BED COMBUSTION TESTING SUBMITTED BY ALSTOM POWER INC. POWER PLANT LABORATORIES 2000 DAY HILL ROAD WINDSOR, CT 06095 (860) 688-1911 PREPARED FOR NETL AAD DOCUMENT CONTROL BLDG. 921 US DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY P.O. BOX 10940 PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA 15236-0940

418

Path integration for light transport in volumes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulating the transport of light in volumes such as clouds or objects with subsurface scattering is computationally expensive. We describe an approximation to such transport using path integration. Unlike the more commonly used diffusion approximation, ...

Simon Premože; Michael Ashikhmin; Peter Shirley

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Petroleum supply annual 1994, Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1994 through annual and monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains four sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, Refinery Capacity, and Oxygenate Capacity each with final annual data. The second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1994, and replaces data previously published in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM). The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. Explanatory Notes, located at the end of this publication, present information describing data collection, sources, estimation methodology, data quality control procedures, modifications to reporting requirements and interpretation of tables. Industry terminology and product definitions are listed alphabetically in the Glossary.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Infinite volume limit for the dipole gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a classical dipole gas in with low activity and show that the pressure has a limit as the volume goes to infinity. The result is obtained by a renormalization group analysis of the model.

J. Dimock

2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Advanced illumination techniques for GPU volume raycasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Volume raycasting techniques are important for both visual arts and visualization. They allow an efficient generation of visual effects and the visualization of scientific data obtained by tomography or numerical simulation. Thanks to their flexibility, ...

Markus Hadwiger; Patric Ljung; Christof Rezk Salama; Timo Ropinski

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Water Volume as Function of Temperature (Cold)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water Volume as Function of Temperature (Cold) Name: Hank Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: MA Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: At normal atmospheric pressure, and...

423

Variable volume architecture : expanding the boundary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research into the creation of a Variable Volume Architecture is explored through a series of proposals and projects. An argument is established to develop the means and methods of achieving an architecture of transformation. ...

Saheba, Asheshh (Asheshh Mohit), 1972-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Optimization Online - Multimaterial topology optimization by volume ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 14, 2013... functional by the multiphase volume constrained Cahn-Hilliard energy functional. ... The success and efficiency of the presented method are shown ... and its computational cost scales sub-linearly by the number of phases.

425

Non-linear volume photon mapping  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a novel extension of the photon mapping algorithm, capable of handling both volume multiple inelastic scattering and curved light paths simultaneously. The extension is based on the Full Radiative Transfer Equation (FRTE) and Fermat's ...

Diego Gutierrez; Adolfo Munoz; Oscar Anson; Francisco J. Seron

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Site Environmental Report for 1999 - Volume 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Each year, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory prepares an integrated report on its environmental programs to satisfy the requirements of United States Department of Energy Order 231.1. The Site Environmental Report for 1999 is intended to summarize Berkeley Lab's compliance with environmental standards and requirements, characterize environmental management efforts through surveillance and monitoring activities, and highlight significant programs and efforts for calendar year 1999. The report is separated into two volumes. Volume I contains a general overview of the Laboratory, the status of environmental programs, and summary results from surveillance and monitoring activities. Each chapter in Volume I begins with an outline of the sections that follow, including any tables or figures found in the chapter. Readers should use section numbers (e.g., {section}1.5) as navigational tools to find topics of interest in either the printed or the electronic version of the report. Volume II contains the individual data results from monitoring programs.

Ruggieri, M.

2000-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

427

Petroleum Market Module (Volume 1), Model Documentation  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Model Documentation Volume I - Defines the objectives of the Petroleum Market Model (PMM), describes its basic approach, and provides detail on how it works. This report is intended as a reference document for model analysts, users, and the public.

William Brown

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

428

Regular Object Types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regular expression types have been proposed as a foundation for statically typed processing of XML and similar forms of tree-structured data. To date, however, regular expression types have been explored in special-purpose languages (e.g., XDuce, CDuce, and XQuery) with type systems designed around regular expression types "from the ground up." The goal of the Xtatic language is to bring regular expression types to a broad audience by offering them as a lightweight extension of a popular object-oriented language, C#. We develop...

Vladimir Gapeyev; Benjamin C. Pierce

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Automated Precipitation Detection and Typing in Winter: A Two-Year Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precipitation detection and typing estimates from four sensors are evaluated using standard operational meteorological observations as a reference. All are active remote sensors radiating into a measurement volume near the sensor, and measuring ...

B. E. Sheppard; P. I. Joe

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

MULTIPLICITY AMONG F-TYPE STARS  

SciTech Connect

As part of a homogeneous all-sky volume-complete sample of half a thousand solar-type stars within 25 pc we present a census for the subset of the 150-mostly F-type stars-in the mass range 1.1 M{sub Sun} {<=} M {<=} 1.7 M{sub Sun} in terms of their observed multiplicities. The major obstacle, as expected, arises from the onset of stellar rotation in this mass range for it continues to support many hidden companions. Yet, a solid increase of the fraction of binary and higher level systems as a function of the primary mass is manifest. There is even the prospect that on account of many companion candidates the single-star fraction may already converge to zero at the transition to the A-type stars.

Fuhrmann, K.; Chini, R., E-mail: klaus@ing.iac.es [Astronomisches Institut, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, Universitaetsstrasse 150, D-44801 Bochum (Germany)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

431

Yankee Rowe Decommissioning Experience Record: Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes Yankee Atomic Electric Company's (YAEC) recent experiences in the process of decommissioning the Yankee Rowe nuclear power plant. This volume supplements Volume 1 by presenting more lessons learned during work finished by September 1998. In 1999, EPRI will publish a final report completing the experience record. The recommendations and insights in this report will be valuable to other utilities with permanently shut down plants.

1998-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

432

Middle East oil show: Proceedings. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

This conference proceedings represent the second volume of a two volume set of papers dealing with oil and gas development concepts in the Middle East. It presents papers dealing with enhanced recovery techniques, methods for predicting productivity of wells, computer modeling methods for reservoirs, methods for minimizing water influx and formation damage, offshore platform designs, and advances in various geophysical logging and surveying techniques. Papers deal with both the onshore and offshore environments.

NONE

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

New Jersey No 1 Distillate Wholesale/Resale Volume by ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: New Jersey No. 1 Distillate Refiner Sales Volumes; New Jersey Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, ...

434

Photovoltaic systems concept study. Volume IV. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report has been prepared in nine sections plus appendices, separated into five separate volumes. This volume contains three sections. Separate abstracts were prepared for each section. (MHR)

Not Available

1977-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Scientific Papers of the Bureau of Standards Volume 22  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A weight burette for the micromeasurement of liquid volumes, S555, p ... measurement of gas volumes without gas connection to a ... Gases in Metals: ...

2013-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

436

Business Case Slide 19: High-Volume: Casks - Program Focus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Volume: Casks - Program Focus Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents High-Volume: Casks - Program Focus ORNL furnace for cermet development ORNL furnace for cermet development...

437

Energy Department Authorizes Additional Volume at Proposed Freeport...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Additional Volume at Proposed Freeport LNG Facility to Export Liquefied Natural Gas Energy Department Authorizes Additional Volume at Proposed Freeport LNG Facility to Export...

438

Idaho Kerosene Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Idaho Kerosene Refiner Sales Volumes; Idaho Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. ...

439

Building America Best Practices Series: Volume 12. EnergyRenovations...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Series: Volume 12. Energy Renovations-Insulation: A Guide for Contractors to Share With Homeowners Building America Best Practices Series: Volume 12. Energy Renovations-Insulation:...

440

Types of Radiation Exposure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

External Irradiation Contamination Incorporation Biological Effects of Acute, Total Body Irradiation Managing Radiation Emergencies Procedure Demonstration Types of radiation...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Fundamental Kinetics Database Utilizing Shock Tube Measurements (Volume 1 and Volume 2)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The data from shock tube experiments generally takes three forms: ignition delay times, species concentration time-histories and reaction rate measurements. Volume 1 focuses on ignition delay time data measured and published by the Shock Tube Group in the Mechanical Engineering Department of Stanford University. The cut-off date for inclusion into this volume was January 2005. Volume 2 focuses on species concentration time-histories and was cut off December 2005. The two volumes are in PDF format and are accompanied by a zipped file of supporting data.

Davidson, D.F.; Hanson, R.K

442

Model of variable speed constant frequency double fed wind power generation system and analysis of its operating performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structure of variable speed constant frequency double fed wind power generation system (WPGS) was analyzed, and its model was established. Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control, constant power control and vector control for WPGS were discussed. ... Keywords: operating performance, variable speed constant frequency, vector control, wind power generation system

Pan Tinglong; Ji Zhicheng

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Variation of fundamental constants in space and time: theory and observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review of recent works devoted to the temporal and spatial variation of the fundamental constants and dependence of the fundamental constants on the gravitational potential (violation of local position invariance) is presented. We discuss the variation of the fine structure constant $\\alpha=e^2/\\hbar c$, strong interaction and fundamental masses (Higgs vacuum), e.g. the electron-to-proton mass ratio $\\mu=m_e/M_p$ or $X_e=m_e/\\Lambda_{QCD}$ and $X_q=m_q/\\Lambda_{QCD}$. We also present new results from Big Bang nucleosynthesis and Oklo natural nuclear reactor data and propose new measurements of enhanced effects in atoms, nuclei and molecules, both in quasar and laboratory spectra.

Flambaum, V V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Constant-temperature level densities in the quasi-continuum of Th and U isotopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Particle-gamma coincidences have been measured to obtain gamma-ray spectra as a function of excitation energy for 231-233Th and 237-239U. The level densities, which were extracted using the Oslo method, show a constant temperature behavior. The isotopes display very similar temperatures in the quasi-continuum, however, the even-odd isotopes reveal a constant entropy increase Delta S compared to their even-even neighbors. The entropy excess depends on available orbitals for the last unpaired valence neutron of the heated nuclear system. Also, experimental microcanonical temperature and heat capacity have been extracted. Several poles in the heat capacity curve support the idea that an almost continuous melting of Cooper pairs is responsible for the constant-temperature behavior.

M. Guttormsen; B. Jurado; J. N. Wilson; M. Aiche; L. A. Bernstein; Q. Ducasse; F. Giacoppo; A. Goergen; F. Gunsing; T. W. Hagen; A. C. Larsen; M. Lebois; B. Leniau; T. Renstroem; S. J. Rose; S. Siem; T. Tornyi; G. M. Tveten; M. Wiedeking

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

445

Direct Test of the Time-Independence of Fundamental Nuclear Constants Using the Oklo Natural Reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[NOTE: This 1983 preprint is being uploaded to arXiv.org after the death of its author, who supported online distribution of his work. Contact info of the submitter is at http://ilya.cc .] The positions of neutron resonances have been shown to be highly sensitive to the variation of fundamental nuclear constants. The analysis of the measured isotopic shifts in the natural fossil reactor at Oklo gives the following restrictions on the possible rates of the interaction constants variation: strong ~2x10^-19 yr^-1, electromagnetic ~5x10^-18 yr^-1, weak ~10^-12 yr^-1. These limits permit to exclude all the versions of nuclear constants contemporary variation discussed in the literature. URL: http://alexonline.info >. For more recent analyses see hep-ph/9606486, hep-ph/0205206 and astro-ph/0204069 .

Alexander I. Shlyakhter

2003-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

446

How Measuring the Planck Constant gets to an Electronic Kilogram Standard  

SciTech Connect

The best measurement of the Planck constant is now derived from the watt balance method. This method measures mechanical power, in reference units of the kilogram (artifact mass standard), second (atomic clocks), and meter (lasers), in ratio to electrical power, in reference units of the volt (Josephson effect) and ohm (quantum Hall effect). Of these reference standards, only the kilogram is still an artifact standard. Thus a high precision measurement of the Planck constant is equivalent to monitoring the SI kilogram artifact, and may be used to redefine the kilogram. This talk will summarize the complexity of making a Planck constant measurement, where there are interesting aspects of basic physics that appear when the ultimate precision of the standards laboratory is applied to obtain an uncertainty of 20 parts in a billion.

Steiner, Richard

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

A note on the effect of the cosmological constant on the bending of light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We take another look at the equations behind the description of light bending in a Universe with a cosmological constant. We show that even within the impact parameter entering into the photon's differential equation, and which is defined here with exclusive reference to the beam of light as it bends around the central mass, lies the contribution of the cosmological constant. The latter is shown to enter in a novel way into the equation. When the latter is solved our approach implies, beyond the first two orders in the mass-term and the lowest-order in the cosmological constant, a slightly different expression for the bending angle from what is previously found in the literature.

Fayçal Hammad

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Standard thermal energy group structure for generation of thermal group constants from ENDF/B data  

SciTech Connect

The final specifications of a standard energy group structure for the generation of thermal group constants from ENDF/B data are presented. The report represents the work of a committee appointed by the Codes and Formats Subcommittee of the Cross Section Evaluation Working Group and is a parallel effort to work being done in the epithermal energy range. The thermal energy group structure specified in this report was accepted November 10, 1972, by the Cross Section Evaluation Working Group as the standard for generation of thermal group constants from ENDF/B data. The standard thermal group structure specified in this report is consistent with past design experience and thermal spectrum codes, and incorporates specific features for effects known to be important in nuclear design applications in the thermal energy range. Specific recommendations are made as to methods to be used for generation of thermal group constants. (auth)

Finch, D.R.

1974-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Phenyl radical thermolysis and rate constants for phenyl + O{sub 2}  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The thermal decomposition of C{sub 6}H{sub 5}I has been used to prepare in-situ known initial concentrations of phenyl radicals at high temperatures. These can be degraded by direct decomposition at T > 1350 K giving H + C{sub 6}H{sub 4}. Using H-atom ARAS, rate constants for C{sub 6}H{sub 5} dissociation have been measured. Using the same ARAS technique, constants for C{sub 6}H{sub 5} dissociation have been measured. Using the same ARAS technique, the H- and O-atoms formed from the reaction, C{sub 6}H{sub 5} + O{sub 2}, have both been measured. The rate constant results are discussed along with lower T measurements in terms of RRKM calculations using published ab initio electronic structure determinations of transition states.

Kumaran, S.S.; Michael, J.V.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

B and D meson decay constants from 2+1 flavor improved staggered simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We give an update on simulation results for the decay constants f{sub B}; f{sub B{sub s}}, f{sub D} and f{sub D{sub s}}. These decay constants are important for precision tests of the standard model, in particular entering as inputs to the global CKM unitarity triangle fit. The results presented here make use of the MILC (2+1)-flavor asqtad ensembles, with heavy quarks incorporated using the clover action with the Fermilab method. Partially quenched, staggered chiral perturbation theory is used to extract the decay constants at the physical point. In addition, we give error projections for a new analysis in progress, based on an extended data set.

Neil, E.T.; Bailey, Jon A.; Bazavov, A.; Bernard, C.; Bouchard, C.M.; DeTar, C.; Di Pierro, M.; El-Khadra, A.X.; Evans, R.T.; Freeland, E.; Gamiz, E.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Variation of fundamental constants in space and time: theory and observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review of recent works devoted to the temporal and spatial variation of the fundamental constants and dependence of the fundamental constants on the gravitational potential (violation of local position invariance) is presented. We discuss the variation of the fine structure constant $\\alpha=e^2/\\hbar c$, strong interaction and fundamental masses (Higgs vacuum), e.g. the electron-to-proton mass ratio $\\mu=m_e/M_p$ or $X_e=m_e/\\Lambda_{QCD}$ and $X_q=m_q/\\Lambda_{QCD}$. We also present new results from Big Bang nucleosynthesis and Oklo natural nuclear reactor data and propose new measurements of enhanced effects in atoms, nuclei and molecules, both in quasar and laboratory spectra.

V. V. Flambaum

2008-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

452

PTA proves its worth in high-volume hardfacing jobs  

SciTech Connect

Imparting wear and corrosion resistance to metal surfaces by providing a hard surface is the basis for hardfacing. The realization of the economic advantage of increased wear by providing a metal deposit on a relatively low-cost substrate has spurred the growth of hardfacing over the last half century. Plasma transferred arc (PTA) hardfacing and laser beam hardfacing are relative newcomers to this arena. Hardfacing with PTA is ideal for high-volume hardfacing where a high degree of quality, reliability and consistency is required. Significant advances in materials and equipment have helped to spur the advancement of the technology and the wider acceptance by industry. It is believed that in the future, PTA hardfacing systems will be developed that rely a great deal on microprocessors and robotics, more so than at present. These would further enhance the product quality and consistency and would enable tailor-made PTA system designs for multiple applications. The quest for new materials for PTA hardfacing that combine wear and corrosion resistance and weldability is expected to continue. Newer applications are constantly being developed as more and more medium- and small-scale operators realize the advantages that can be derived from the use of PTA hardfacing. The basic driving force for these improvements and growth is quality, reliability, productivity and significant long-term cost reduction.

Raghu, D.; Webber, R. [Deloro Stellite, Goshen, IN (United States). Stellite Coatings Div.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Wegner-type bounds for a two-particle continuous Anderson model with an alloy-type external potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a two-particle quantum systems in a d-dimensional Euclidean space with interaction and in presence of a random external potential (a continuous two-particle Anderson model). We establish Wegner-type estimates (inequalities) for such models, assessing the probability that random spectra of Hamiltonians in finite volumes intersect a given set.

A. Boutet de Monvel; V. Chulaevsky; P. Stollmann; Y. Suhov

2008-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

454

Type B Drum packages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Type B Drum package is a container in which a single drum containing Type B quantities of radioactive material will be packaged for shipment. The Type B Drum containers are being developed to fill a void in the packaging and transportation capabilities of the US Department of Energy (DOE), as no double containment packaging for single drums of Type B radioactive material is currently available. Several multiple-drum containers and shielded casks presently exist. However, the size and weight of these containers present multiple operational challenges for single-drum shipments. The Type B Drum containers will offer one unshielded version and, if needed, two shielded versions, and will provide for the option of either single or double containment. The primary users of the Type B Drum container will be any organization with a need to ship single drums of Type B radioactive material. Those users include laboratories, waste retrieval facilities, emergency response teams, and small facilities.

Edwards, W.S.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Industrial sector end use. Energy Consumption Data Base (ECDB) for 1975 and 1976. Volume I. Summary of 1976 results. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report is the summary document of a three-volume report. It contains an introduction followed by tables of data containing the following information: 1976 national energy consumption by industry fuel type, and end use; 1976 regional energy consumption by industry fuel type, and census division; 1976 regional energy consumption by industry fuel type, and federal regions; 1976 regional energy consumption by industry fuel type, and PAD district; 1976 state energy consumption by industry fuel type, and by state. (PLG)

1980-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

456

Dynamical System Analysis of Cosmologies with Running Cosmological Constant from Quantum Einstein Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss a mechanism that induces a time-dependent vacuum energy on cosmological scales. It is based on the instability induced renormalization triggered by the low energy quantum fluctuations in a Universe with a positive cosmological constant. We employ the dynamical systems approach to study the qualitative behavior of Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmologies where the cosmological constant is dynamically evolving according with this nonperturbative scaling at low energies. It will be shown that it is possible to realize a "two regimes" dark energy phases, where an unstable early phase of power-law evolution of the scale factor is followed by an accelerated expansion era at late times.

Bonanno, Alfio

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

A Note on the Local Cosmological Constant and the Dark Energy Coincidence Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been suggested that the Dark Energy Coincidence Problem could be interpreted as a possible link between the cosmological constant and a massive graviton. We show that by using that link and models for the graviton mass a dark energy density can be obtained that is indeed very close to measurements by WMAP. As a consequence of the models, the cosmological constant was found to depend on the density of matter. A brief outline of the cosmological consequences such as the effect on the black hole solution is given.

M. Tajmar

2006-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

458

Electronic constant current and current pulse signal generator for nuclear instrumentation testing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Circuitry for testing the ability of an intermediate range nuclear instrut to detect and measure a constant current and a periodic current pulse. The invention simulates the resistance and capacitance of the signal connection of a nuclear instrument ion chamber detector and interconnecting cable. An LED flasher/oscillator illuminates an LED at a periodic rate established by a timing capacitor and circuitry internal to the flasher/oscillator. When the LED is on, a periodic current pulse is applied to the instrument. When the LED is off, a constant current is applied. An inductor opposes battery current flow when the LED is on.

Brown, Roger A. (Amsterdam, NY)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Electronic constant current and current pulse signal generator for nuclear instrumentation testing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Circuitry is described for testing the ability of an intermediate range nuclear instrument to detect and measure a constant current and a periodic current pulse. The invention simulates the resistance and capacitance of the signal connection of a nuclear instrument ion chamber detector and interconnecting cable. An LED flasher/oscillator illuminates an LED at a periodic rate established by a timing capacitor and circuitry internal to the flasher/oscillator. When the LED is on, a periodic current pulse is applied to the instrument. When the LED is off, a constant current is applied. An inductor opposes battery current flow when the LED is on. 1 figures.

Brown, R.A.

1994-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

460

Spent Fuel Working Group Report. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy is storing large amounts of spent nuclear fuel and other reactor irradiated nuclear materials (herein referred to as RINM). In the past, the Department reprocessed RINM to recover plutonium, tritium, and other isotopes. However, the Department has ceased or is phasing out reprocessing operations. As a consequence, Department facilities designed, constructed, and operated to store RINM for relatively short periods of time now store RINM, pending decisions on the disposition of these materials. The extended use of the facilities, combined with their known degradation and that of their stored materials, has led to uncertainties about safety. To ensure that extended storage is safe (i.e., that protection exists for workers, the public, and the environment), the conditions of these storage facilities had to be assessed. The compelling need for such an assessment led to the Secretary`s initiative on spent fuel, which is the subject of this report. This report comprises three volumes: Volume I; Summary Results of the Spent Fuel Working Group Evaluation; Volume II, Working Group Assessment Team Reports and Protocol; Volume III; Operating Contractor Site Team Reports. This volume presents the overall results of the Working Group`s Evaluation. The group assessed 66 facilities spread across 11 sites. It identified: (1) facilities that should be considered for priority attention. (2) programmatic issues to be considered in decision making about interim storage plans and (3) specific vulnerabilities for some of these facilities.

O`Toole, T.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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461

Site Environmental Report for 2002, Volume 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Each year, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory prepares an integrated report on its environmental programs to satisfy the requirements of United States Department of Energy Order 231.1. The ''Site Environmental Report for 2002'' summarizes Berkeley Lab's compliance with environmental standards and requirements, characterizes environmental management efforts through surveillance and monitoring activities, and highlights significant programs and efforts for calendar year 2002. Throughout this report, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is referred to as ''Berkeley Lab,'' ''the Laboratory,'' ''Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory,'' and ''LBNL.'' The report is separated into two volumes. Volume I contains a general overview of the Laboratory, the status of environmental programs, and summarized results from surveillance and monitoring activities. Volume II contains individual data results from the monitoring programs. This year, the ''Site Environmental Report'' was distributed on a CD in PDF format that includes Volume I, Volume II, and related documents. The report is also available on the Web at http://www.lbl.gov/ehs/esg/. The report follows the Laboratory's policy of using the International System of Units (SI), also known as the metric system of measurements. Whenever possible, results are additionally reported using the more conventional (non-SI) system of measurements because this system is referenced by some current regulatory standards and is more familiar to some readers. The tables included at the end of the Glossary are intended to help readers understand the various prefixes used with SI units of measurement and convert these units from one system to the other.

Pauer, Ron

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Ceramic transactions: Environmental and waste management issues in the ceramic industry II. Volume 45  

SciTech Connect

A symposium on environmental and waste management issues in the ceramic industry was held in Indianapolis in April, 1994. The second is this series, the symposium is an expansion of the established series Nuclear Waste Management. The volume documents a number of papers presented at the symposium that are especially relevant to the field of radioactive waste processing. The four main areas covered are: Waste Management/Environmental Solution Using Ceramics; Modeling and Mechanisms of Waste Form Dissolution; Properties and Characterization of Wastes and Waste Forms; and Processing of Hazardous Materials and Nuclear Wastes. The volume focuses on research, pilot plants, and operating facilities involved with the vitrification of radioactive wastes (all types).

Bickford, D.; Bates, S.; Jain, V.; Smith, G. [eds.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

463

Business Case Slide 7: High-Volume: Repository - Diagram  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diagram Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents High-Volume: Repository - Diagram Repository Tunnel Components...

464

Alaska Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State Area: Period: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources ...

465

Bound state spectrum in the finite volume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The signature of bound state formation on the lattice is of particular interest in this talk. In the finite volume, where all states have discrete energies, it is rather hard to distinguish between a bound state and a scattering state if the bound state were close to threshold, i.e., like a "loosely bound state". To study bound states in the finite volume, we calculate the positronium spectroscopy in the Higgs phase of U(1) gauge dynamics, where the photon is massive and then massive photons give rise to the short-ranged interparticle force. We try to identify bound state formation on the basis of the Luscher's finite size method, which suggests specific volume dependences of the energy gap/shift from the threshold energy for either bound states or scattering states.

Shoichi Sasaki; Takeshi Yamazaki

2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

466

Eight light flavors on large lattice volumes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I present first results from large-scale lattice investigations of SU(3) gauge theory with eight light flavors in the fundamental representation. Using leadership computing resources at Argonne, we are generating gauge configurations with lattice volumes up to $64^3\\times128$ at relatively strong coupling, in an attempt to access the chiral regime. We use nHYP-improved staggered fermions, carefully monitoring finite-volume effects and other systematics. Here I focus on analyses of the light hadron spectrum and chiral condensate, measured on lattice volumes up to $48^3\\times96$ with fermion masses as light as m=0.004 in lattice units. We find no clear indication of spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking in these observables. I discuss the implications of these initial results, and prospects for further physics projects employing these ensembles of gauge configurations.

David Schaich

2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

467

Extended analysis of constant-height hydraulic fractures for the estimation of in-situ crack-opening modulus from bottomhole pressure records  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydraulic fractures created in oil and gas bearing rock formations can be made to propagate for a limited time at approximately constant height if favorable stress, deformation modulus or fracture toughness barriers to height growth exist and if the fracture design is suitably optimized to exploit these favorable conditions and reduce height growth. In this report, a unified theoretical formulation for the Perkins-Kern-Nordgren (PKN) and Christianovitch-Geertsma-De Klerk-Daneshy (CGDD) constant height fracture models is first presented. For a fracture fluid injection rate that varies as an arbitrary power of time, growth laws for fracturing fluid pressure, fracture width, and flow rate are rigorously derived for PKN and CGDD types of fractures. These similarity solutions account for non-Newtonian power-law fluid flow, transient fluid storage and generalized power-law fluid leak-off to the rock formation. They include and extend the results currently available in the literature for PKN and CGDD fractures. The results for PKN and CGDD fractures are then generalized to obtain an approximate hybrid CGDD-PKN fracture model that can be applied to constant height fractures of arbitrary length/height aspect ratio and arbitrary cross-sectional shape. Characteristic times for fracture extension are identified and estimates are given for the transition times when the fracture evolves from a CGDD-type fracture at small aspect ratio to a PKN-type fracture at large aspect ratio. These results are useful for interpreting fracturing data and for designing fractures for crack-opening modulus measurements.

Wijesinghe, A.M.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Produced water volumes and management practices in the United States.  

SciTech Connect

Produced water volume generation and management in the United States are not well characterized at a national level. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) asked Argonne National Laboratory to compile data on produced water associated with oil and gas production to better understand the production volumes and management of this water. The purpose of this report is to improve understanding of produced water by providing detailed information on the volume of produced water generated in the United States and the ways in which produced water is disposed or reused. As the demand for fresh water resources increases, with no concomitant increase in surface or ground water supplies, alternate water sources, like produced water, may play an important role. Produced water is water from underground formations that is brought to the surface during oil or gas production. Because the water has been in contact with hydrocarbon-bearing formations, it contains some of the chemical characteristics of the formations and the hydrocarbons. It may include water from the reservoir, water previously injected into the formation, and any chemicals added during the production processes. The physical and chemical properties of produced water vary considerably depending on the geographic location of the field, the geologic formation, and the type of hydrocarbon product being produced. Produced water properties and volume also vary throughout the lifetime of a reservoir. Produced water is the largest volume by-product or waste stream associated with oil and gas exploration and production. Previous national produced water volume estimates are in the range of 15 to 20 billion barrels (bbl; 1 bbl = 42 U.S. gallons) generated each year in the United States (API 1988, 2000; Veil et al. 2004). However, the details on generation and management of produced water are not well understood on a national scale. Argonne National Laboratory developed detailed national-level information on the volume of produced water generated in the United States and the manner in which produced water is managed. This report presents an overview of produced water, summarizes the study, and presents results from the study at both the national level and the state level. Chapter 2 presents background information on produced water, describing its chemical and physical characteristics, where it is produced, and the potential impacts of produced water to the environment and to oil and gas operations. A review of relevant literature is also included. Chapter 3 describes the methods used to collect information, including outreach efforts to state oil and gas agencies and related federal programs. Because of the inconsistency in the level of detail provided by various state agencies, the approaches and assumptions used to extrapolate data values are also discussed. In Chapter 4, the data are presented, and national trends and observations are discussed. Chapter 5 presents detailed results for each state, while Chapter 6 presents results from federal sources for oil and gas production (i.e., offshore, onshore, and tribal lands). Chapter 7 summarizes the study and presents conclusions.

Clark, C. E.; Veil, J. A. (Environmental Science Division)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Future fuels and engines for railroad locomotives. Volume I: summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A study was made of the potential for reducing the dependence of railroads on petroleum fuel, particularly diesel No. 2. The study takes two approaches: (1) to determine how the use of diesel No. 2 can be reduced through increased efficiency and conservation, and (2) to use fuels other than diesel No. 2 both in diesel and other types of engines. The study consists of two volumes; volume 1 is a summary and volume 2 is the technical document. The study indicates that the possible reduction in fuel usage by increasing the efficiency of the present engine is limited; it is already highly energy efficient. The use of non-petroleum fuels, particularly the oil shale distillates, offers a greater potential. A coal-fired locomotive using any one of a number of engines appears to be the best alternative to the diesel-electric locomotive with regard to life-cycle cost, fuel availability, and development risk. The adiabatic diesel is the second-rated alternative with high thermal efficiency (up to 64%) as its greatest advantage. The risks associated with the development of the adiabatic diesel, however, are higher than those for the coal-fired locomotive. The advantage of the third alternative, the fuel cell, is that it produces electricity directly from the fuel. At present, the only feasible fuel for a fuel cell locomotive is methanol. Synthetic hydrocarbon fuels, probably derived from oil shale, will be needed if present diesel-electric locomotives are used beyond 1995. Because synthetic hydrocarbon fuels are particularly suited to medium-speed diesel engines, the first commercial application of these fuels may be by the railroad industry.

Liddle, S.G.; Bonzo, B.B.; Purohit, G.P.; Stallkamp, J.A.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Relaxation Time Constants and Apparent Diffusion Coefficients of Rat Retina at 7 Tesla  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relaxation Time Constants and Apparent Diffusion Coefficients of Rat Retina at 7 Tesla Govind Nair* and ADC of the rat eyes were measured at 50 3 50 3 800 lm at 7 Tesla. Profiles of T1, T2, T2* and ADC

Duong, Timothy Q.

471

WEINHOLD’LENGTH IN AN ISOCHORIC THERMODYNAMIC SYSTEM AT CONSTANT HEAT CAPACITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. The purpose of this paper is to study thermodynamic length of an isochoric two dimensional thermodynamic system with constant heat capacity. We find that length is related to the heat flow into the substance. We give examples of Ideal gas and Van der Waals gas. 1.

Carmela Mazzuti; Manuel Santoro

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Kinetics and Dissociation Constants (pKa) of Polyamines of Importance in Post-Combustion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 3 Kinetics and Dissociation Constants (pKa) of Polyamines of Importance in Post-CombustionDate(Web):May3,2012|doi:10.1021/bk-2012-1097.ch003 In Recent Advances in Post-Combustion CO2 Capture Chemistry amines by 62%. 1. Introduction In order to satisfy environmental combustion standards, acid gases

East, Allan L. L.

473

Photon emission in a constant magnetic field in 2+1 dimensional space-time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate by the proper-time method the amplitude of the two-photon emission by a charged fermion in a constant magnetic field in (2+1)-dimensional space-time. The relevant dynamics reduces to that of a supesymmetric quantum-mechanical system with one bosonic and one fermionic degrees of freedom.

J. T. S. Amaral; S. I. Zlatev

2005-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

474

Work function control at metal high-dielectric-constant gate oxide interfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been difficulty in finding metals of sufficiently large or small effective work function to act as metal electrodes on high-dielectric-constant gate oxides. To understand the factors affecting the effective work function, we have calculated ... Keywords: High K oxides, Metal gates

K. Tse; J. Robertson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Application of SiO2 aerogel film with low dielectric constant to intermetal dielectrics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Application of SiO2 aerogel film with low dielectric constant to intermetal dielectrics Moon-Ho Jo aerogel film was characterized from its structural and chemical viewpoints. High porosity of material infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) for their chemical states. The improved electrical properties of SiO2 aerogel

Jo, Moon-Ho

476

Optimum Control for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (IPMSM) in Constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimum Control for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (IPMSM) in Constant Torque and Electrical Drives, Paderborn, Germany Abstract--Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (IPMSM) gain weakening range. Operation during flux weakening, however, causes stress to the magnets of the motor

Noé, Reinhold

477

System design and simulation of constant temperature box using semiconductor refrigeration device  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the variation law of temperature in three-dimensional space, which is cooled by the refrigeration provided by the cold side of a semiconductor. The mathematical model of the temperature field of the semiconductor refrigeration ... Keywords: constant temperature box, forced convection, mathematical modelling, numerical simulation, semiconductor refrigeration, system design

Hui Zhang; Kuang-Chao Fan; Jun Wang

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

A QCDSR calculation for the {phi}D{sub s}D{sub s} coupling constant  

SciTech Connect

In this work, we use the QCD Sum Rules (QCDSR) technique to obtain informations about the strong coupling constant of the three meson vertex {phi}D{sub s}D{sub s}. The calculation is done for the case where the {phi} meson is considered off-shell.

Rodrigues, B. O.; Chiapparini, M. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Sao Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Bracco, M. E. [Faculdade de Tecnologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rod. Presidente Dutra Km 298, Polo Industrial, 27537-000 , Resende, RJ (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

479

The B{sub s}B*K coupling constant using QCDSR  

SciTech Connect

In this work we evaluate the coupling constant for the vertex B{sub s}B*K by the QCD Sum Rules. The result was obtained using the heaviest particle off shell of this vertex, the B{sub s} meson, and the lightest particle off shell, the K meson.

Cerqueira, A. Jr.; Rodrigues, B. O. [Instituto de Fisica Armando Dias Tavares, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Sao Francisco Xavier 524, 20559-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Bracco, M. E. [Faculdade de Tecnologia, DMFC, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rod. Presidente Dutra km 298, 27537-000, Resende, RJ (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

480

Constant Time Sliding Window Filter SLAM as a Basis for Metric Visual Perception  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Robotics and Automation, pages 1099­1104, Washington, DC, 2001. [17] G. Sibley. Sliding window filters, pages 652­659, Washington, DC, 2004. [16] C. F. Olson, L. H. Matthies, M. Schoppers, and M. W. MaimoneConstant Time Sliding Window Filter SLAM as a Basis for Metric Visual Perception Gabe Sibley, Larry

Sibley, Gabe

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type constant volume" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Weinhold'length in an isochoric thermodynamic system at constant heat capacity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to study thermodynamic length of an isochoric two dimensional thermodynamic system with constant heat capacity. We find that length is related to the heat flow into the substance. We give examples of Ideal gas and Van der Waals gas.

Manuel Santoro

2004-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

482

Darboux transformations for (1+2)-dimensional Fokker-Planck equations with constant diffusion matrix  

SciTech Connect

We construct a Darboux transformation for (1+2)-dimensional Fokker-Planck equations with constant diffusion matrix. Our transformation is based on the two-dimensional supersymmetry formalism for the Schroedinger equation. The transformed Fokker-Planck equation and its solutions are obtained in explicit form.

Schulze-Halberg, Axel [Department of Mathematics and Actuarial Science, Indiana University Northwest, 3400 Broadway, Gary, Indiana 46408 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

483

Time varying, multivariate volume data reduction  

SciTech Connect

Large-scale supercomputing is revolutionizing the way science is conducted. A growing challenge, however, is understanding the massive quantities of data produced by large-scale simulations. The data, typically time-varying, multivariate, and volumetric, can occupy from hundreds of gigabytes to several terabytes of storage space. Transferring and processing volume data of such sizes is prohibitively expensive and resource intensive. Although it may not be possible to entirely alleviate these problems, data compression should be considered as part of a viable solution, especially when the primary means of data analysis is volume rendering. In this paper we present our study of multivariate compression, which exploits correlations among related variables, for volume rendering. Two configurations for multidimensional compression based on vector quantization are examined. We emphasize quality reconstruction and interactive rendering, which leads us to a solution using graphics hardware to perform on-the-fly decompression during rendering. In this paper we present a solution which addresses the need for data reduction in large supercomputing environments where data resulting from simulations occupies tremendous amounts of storage. Our solution employs a lossy encoding scheme to acrueve data reduction with several options in terms of rate-distortion behavior. We focus on encoding of multiple variables together, with optional compression in space and time. The compressed volumes can be rendered directly with commodity graphics cards at interactive frame rates and rendering quality similar to that of static volume renderers. Compression results using a multivariate time-varying data set indicate that encoding multiple variables results in acceptable performance in the case of spatial and temporal encoding as compared to independent compression of variables. The relative performance of spatial vs. temporal compression is data dependent, although temporal compression has the advantage of offering smooth animations, while spatial compression can handle volumes of larger dimensions.

Ahrens, James P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fout, Nathaniel [UC DAVIS; Ma, Kwan - Liu [UC DAVIS

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

TYPE OF UPERATICIN  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Process i Theoretical Studies Sample & Analysis 0 Production 0 DisposalStorage a Facility Type 0 Manufacturing q University, a Research Organizatiori 0 Government Sponsored...

485

TYPES OF FIELD TESTING  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TYPES OF FIELD TESTING Convincing proof of energy savings and performance in a specific building and occupant context If direct proof of savings is desired, the only feasible...

486

Volume I Final Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Volume I Volume I Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Searchlight Wind Energy Project NVN-084626 and NVN-086777 Bureau of Land Management Las Vegas Field Office in cooperation with Western Area Power Administration National Park Service December 2012 Searchlight Wind Energy Project FEIS Executive Summary Page | i Executive Summary The Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) for the Searchlight Wind Energy Project is summarized in the following sections. This summary provides a general overview of the project and its purpose and need; briefly describes the Proposed Action and other alternatives; and summarizes major impacts for key resources. Searchlight Wind Energy, LLC, (the Applicant) a wholly-owned subsidiary of Duke Energy has applied

487

Multiple volume compressor for hot gas engine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multiple volume compressor for use in a hot gas (Stirling) engine having a plurality of different volume chambers arranged to pump down the engine when decreased power is called for and return the working gas to a storage tank or reservoir. A valve actuated bypass loop is placed over each chamber which can be opened to return gas discharged from the chamber back to the inlet thereto. By selectively actuating the bypass valves, a number of different compressor capacities can be attained without changing compressor speed whereby the capacity of the compressor can be matched to the power available from the engine which is used to drive the compressor.

Stotts, Robert E. (Clifton Park, NY)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

CRC handbook of radiology. Volume 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The care and testing of measurement and diagnostic instruments are described in detail. Difficulties encountered with therapeutic and diagnostic calibrations are explored and solutions are suggested. Volume I: Measurement of exposure and calibration of ion chambers. Radiation detectors in radiotherapy. The assay of beta and gamma sources in medicine and biology. Statistical and error analysis in medical physics. Calibration of low energy x-ray units (10 to 100 KV). Calibration of medium energy x-ray and Co-60 units used in radiotherapy. Calibration of megavoltage electron radiotherapy beams. Routine clinical dosimetry. Brachytherapy dosimetry. Neutrons and heavy charged particles used in radiation therapy. Time, dose fractionation and volume relationships in radiotherapy. Index.

Prasad, K.N.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Accurate quantum thermal rate constants for the three-dimensional H+H/sub 2/ reaction  

SciTech Connect

The rate constants for the three-dimensional H+H/sub 2/ reaction on the Liu--Siegbahn--Truhlar--Horowitz (LSTH) surface are calculated using Pack--Parker hyperspherical (APH) coordinates and a /ital C//sub 2/ital v// symmetry adapted direct product discrete variable representation (DVR). The /ital C//sub 2/ital v// symmetry decomposition and the parity decoupling on the basis are performed for the internal coordinate xi. The symmetry decomposition results in a block diagonal representation of the flux and Hamiltonian operators. The multisurface flux is introduced to represent the multichannel reactive flux. The eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the /ital J/=0 internal Hamiltonian are obtained by sequential diagonalization and truncation. The individual symmetry blocks of the flux operator are propagated by the corresponding blocks of the Hamiltonian, and the /ital J/=0 rate constant /ital k//sup 0/(/ital T/) is obtained as a sum of the rate constants calculated for each block. /ital k//sup 0/(/ital T/) is compared with the exact /ital k//sup 0/(/ital T/) obtained from thermal averaging of the /ital J/=0 reaction probabilities; the errors are within 5%--20% up to /ital T/=1500 K. The sequential diagonalization--truncation method reduces the size of the Hamiltonian greatly, but the resulting Hamiltonian matrix still describes the time evolution very accurately. For the /ital J//ne/0 rate constant calculations, the truncated internal Hamiltonian eigenvector basis is used to construct reduced (/ital JK//sub /ital J//) blocks of the Hamiltonian. The individual (/ital JK//sub /ital J//) blocks are diagonalized neglecting Coriolis coupling and treating the off-diagonal /ital K//sub /ital J//+-2 couplings by second order perturbation theory. The full wave function is parity decoupled. The rate constant is obtained as a sum over /ital J/ of (2/ital J/+1)/ital k//sup /ital J//(/ital T/).

Park, T. J.; Light, J. C.

1989-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

Fort Drum integrated resource assessment. Volume 3, Resource assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) has tasked Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) as the lead laboratory supporting the US Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program`s (FEMP) mission to identify, evaluate, and assist in acquiring all cost-effective energy projects at Fort Drum. This is a model program PNL is designing for federal customers served by the Niagara Mohawk Power Company (Niagara Mohawk). It will (1) identify and evaluate all electric and fossil fuel cost-effective energy projects; (2) develop a schedule at each installation for project acquisition considering project type, size, timing, capital requirements, as well as energy and dollar savings; and (3) secure 100% of the financing required to implement electric energy efficiency projects from Niagara Mohawk and have Niagara Mohawk procure the necessary contractors to perform detailed audits and install the technologies. This report provides the results of the fossil fuel and electric energy resource opportunity (ERO) assessments performed by PNL at one of Niagara Mohawk`s primary federal facilities, the FORSCOM Fort Drum facility located near Watertown, New York. It is a companion report to Volume 1, the Executive Summary, and Volume 2, the Baseline Detail.

Dixon, D.R.; Armstrong, P.R.; Daellenbach, K.K.; Dagle, J.E.; Di Massa, F.V.; Elliott, D.B.; Keller, J.M.; Richman, E.E.; Shankle, S.A.; Sullivan, G.P.; Wahlstrom, R.R.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

33,033.1 32,893.1 32,452.7 33,281.4 32,532.8 30,000.3 1983-2013 33,033.1 32,893.1 32,452.7 33,281.4 32,532.8 30,000.3 1983-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 8,170.7 7,484.8 7,317.4 7,494.1 7,085.1 5,550.5 1983-2013 New England (PADD 1A) W W W 337.4 390.2 279.7 1983-2013 Connecticut W W W W W W 1984-2013 Maine W W W W W W 1984-2013 Massachusetts W W W W W W 1984-2013 New Hampshire - - - W - - 1984-2013 Rhode Island W W W W W W 1984-2013 Vermont - - - - - - 1984-2013 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 4,254.7 4,171.6 4,469.2 4,834.6 4,713.8 3,787.7 1983-2013 Delaware - - - - - - 1984-2013 District of Columbia - - - - - - 1984-2013 Maryland W W W W W W 1984-2013 New Jersey 2,477.5 2,444.1 2,660.1 2,524.8 2,448.5 1,789.9 1984-2013 New York 1,435.8 1,430.6 1,480.5 W W W 1984-2013

492

Table 11. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 January ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - February ..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - March .......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - April ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - May ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - June ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - July ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - August ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - September .................. - - - - - - - - - - - - October ....................... 7.5 7.8 21.1 10.8 2.1 34.0 1.5 1.5 5.1 W W 7.0 November ................... 9.7 10.0 25.5 15.1 2.3 43.0 1.9 2.0 6.1 W W 8.4 December ................... 10.0 10.3 25.8 14.6 2.7 43.1 2.0 2.0 6.0 W W 8.3 1993 ............................... - - - - - - - - - - - -

493

Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - February ..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - March .......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - April ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - May ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - June ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - July ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - August ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - September .................. - - - - - - - - - - - - October ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - November ................... 0.3 0.3 1.7 0.8 1.4 3.9 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 - 0.6 December ................... 6.7 7.0 23.0 W W 47.3 2.0 2.0 7.5 W W 10.7 1994 ...............................

494

Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 January ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - February ..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - March .......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - April ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - May ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - June ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - July ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - August ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - September .................. - - - - - - - - - - - - October ....................... 27.2 28.7 26.9 105.7 16.1 148.6 7.3 7.5 8.0 W W 21.2 November ................... 25.0 26.3 22.1 105.9 14.6 142.6 6.7 7.0 6.7 W W 20.0 December ................... 24.6 25.9 22.2 107.5 18.0 147.6 6.6 6.9 7.0 W W

495

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,177.8 2,177.8 33,696.7 41,031.4 115,778.7 25,866.5 182,676.6 9,536.5 9,794.2 12,905.9 15,962.1 - 28,868.0 February ............................. 33,085.6 34,725.7 42,808.2 121,887.8 32,127.0 196,822.9 9,746.2 10,022.4 13,588.9 16,896.7 - 30,485.6 March .................................. 34,978.9 36,685.7 45,070.0 122,489.6 28,845.0 196,404.5 9,984.6 10,254.2 W 16,980.4 W 30,689.3 April .................................... 36,627.7 38,654.6 46,870.7 132,107.0 39,827.2 218,805.0 9,633.1 9,933.5 13,367.1 17,002.1 - 30,369.2 May ..................................... 38,548.0 40,338.1 48,651.6 137,813.8 38,767.1 225,232.5 9,234.8 9,508.1 12,618.4 16,543.3 - 29,161.6 June .................................... 39,265.8 40,954.4 48,139.0 137,339.2 43,089.0

496

Table 11. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 1996 ................................ 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.9 W 5.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 - 0.9 1997 January ....................... 3.7 3.7 2.9 4.5 - 7.4 0.8 0.8 W 0.5 - 1.1 February ..................... 3.6 3.7 2.9 4.2 - 7.1 0.7 0.7 W 0.5 - 1.0 March .......................... 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.3 - 4.1 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 - 0.6 April ............................ 0.9 0.9 0.5 1.6 - 2.1 0.2 0.2 W 0.2 - 0.3 May ............................. 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.7 - 2.7 0.2 0.2 W 0.2 - 0.3 June ............................ 1.5 1.6 1.0 1.8 - 2.8 0.3 0.3 W 0.2 - 0.4 July ............................. 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.8 - 2.8 0.2 0.2 W 0.2 - 0.4 August ........................ 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.9 - 2.8 0.2 0.2 W 0.2 - 0.4 September .................. 1.6 1.6 1.3 2.4 - 3.7 0.2 0.2 W 0.4 - 0.6 October ....................... 2.1 2.2 2.0 4.2 - 6.3 0.4 0.4 W 0.7 - 1.1

497

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7,592.9 7,592.9 38,697.1 41,234.1 134,916.3 28,778.0 204,928.3 8,469.6 8,591.2 8,752.4 13,409.9 - 22,162.3 February ............................. 41,372.4 42,768.1 45,617.8 152,433.3 25,868.1 223,919.1 8,902.4 9,050.1 9,576.8 15,164.2 - 24,741.0 March .................................. 43,908.9 45,486.6 48,663.0 159,013.0 26,574.1 234,250.2 8,334.4 8,483.4 9,042.9 14,281.9 - 23,324.8 April .................................... 41,453.4 42,873.1 46,118.2 157,990.7 37,856.7 241,965.6 8,146.0 8,304.1 8,624.2 14,057.8 - 22,682.0 May ..................................... 43,079.5 44,622.1 47,391.3 165,547.2 35,485.2 248,423.6 8,461.1 8,619.3 8,946.6 15,071.0 - 24,017.6 June .................................... 45,869.9 47,451.1 49,767.2 169,463.5 41,245.2 260,475.9

498

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,177.8 2,177.8 33,696.7 41,031.4 115,778.7 25,866.5 182,676.6 9,536.5 9,794.2 12,905.9 15,962.1 - 28,868.0 February ............................. 33,085.6 34,725.7 42,808.2 121,887.8 32,127.0 196,822.9 9,746.2 10,022.4 13,588.9 16,896.7 - 30,485.6 March .................................. 34,978.9 36,685.7 45,070.0 122,489.6 28,845.0 196,404.5 9,984.6 10,254.2 W 16,980.4 W 30,689.3 April .................................... 36,627.7 38,654.6 46,870.7 132,107.0 39,827.2 218,805.0 9,633.1 9,933.5 13,367.1 17,002.1 - 30,369.2 May ..................................... 38,548.0 40,338.1 48,651.6 137,813.8 38,767.1 225,232.5 9,234.8 9,508.1 12,618.4 16,543.3 - 29,161.6 June .................................... 39,265.8 40,954.4 48,139.0 137,339.2 43,089.0

499

Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1994 January ....................... 31.4 32.9 44.3 108.4 22.6 175.3 8.1 8.4 12.1 13.6 0.2 25.9 February ..................... 32.5 34.2 46.7 112.6 21.0 180.2 8.3 8.6 12.2 14.4 0.1 26.7 March .......................... 34.4 36.2 48.0 116.1 21.1 185.3 8.4 8.7 12.8 15.4 0.2 28.4 April ............................ 34.2 35.8 48.0 119.8 24.1 191.9 8.4 8.7 12.9 15.5 0.1 28.6 May ............................. 34.6 36.3 48.2 120.2 24.3 192.7 8.5 8.8 12.9 15.9 0.1 29.0 June ............................ 35.8 37.5 49.2 124.7 24.5 198.4 8.6 8.9 13.3 16.5 0.3 30.1 July ............................. 35.1 36.6 48.4 123.3 21.3 193.0 8.6 8.8 13.0 16.2 0.2 29.5 August ........................ 36.0 37.6 49.0 128.1 25.0 202.0 8.6 8.9 13.0 16.7 0.2 30.0 September .................. 35.1 36.6 47.5 124.8 26.0 198.3 8.3 8.6 12.7 16.0 0.2 28.9 October

500

Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 1996 ................................ 24.1 25.4 17.8 108.5 27.1 153.4 5.7 5.9 4.4 12.9 NA 17.3 1997 January ....................... 20.6 22.0 14.8 98.3 26.4 139.6 4.7 4.9 3.7 11.5 - 15.1 February ..................... 22.1 23.7 15.4 102.9 31.2 149.5 5.0 5.2 3.8 11.9 - 15.7 March .......................... 24.0 25.5 16.8 106.4 27.7 150.9 5.5 5.7 4.0 12.2 W 16.2 April ............................ 25.1 26.9 18.2 111.8 26.9 156.9 5.8 5.9 4.2 12.9 - 17.0 May ............................. 24.7 26.0 17.7 112.7 26.3 156.7 5.7 5.8 4.2 13.0 - 17.1 June ............................ 25.6 26.9 17.7 115.4 22.1 155.2 5.9 6.1 4.2 13.3 - 17.4 July ............................. 27.8 29.1 17.2 123.4 25.2 165.8 6.4 6.6 4.1 14.4 - 18.5 August ........................ 27.3 28.7 17.3 119.9 24.7 161.9 6.2 6.4 4.0 13.5 - 17.6 September ..................