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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType The Alexandria Digital Earth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType The Alexandria Digital Earth Prototype System Terence Smith Greg Janée James Frew Anita Coleman #12;Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType 2Smith et al. / JCDL 2001 / 2x Earth ProtoType 3Smith et al. / JCDL 2001 / 2x-Jun-2001 Core System (inherited from ADL) Components

Janée, Greg

2

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Prototype Demonstration for Consumer Electronics Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the final technical report for DOE Program DE-FC36-04GO14301 titled Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Prototype Demonstration for Consumer Electronics Applications. Due to the public nature of this report some of the content reported in confidential reports and meetings to the DOE is not covered in detail in this report and some of the content has been normalized to not show actual values. There is a comparison of the projects accomplishments with the objectives, an overview of some of the key subsystem work, and a review of the three levels of prototypes demonstrated during the program. There is also a description of the eventual commercial product and market this work is leading towards. The work completed under this program has significantly increased the understanding of how Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFC) can be deployed successfully to power consumer electronic devices. The prototype testing has demonstrated the benefits a direct methanol fuel cell system has over batteries typically used for powering consumer electronic devices. Three generations of prototypes have been developed and tested for performance, robustness and life. The technologies researched and utilized in the fuel cell stack and related subsystems for these prototypes are leveraged from advances in other industries such as the hydrogen fueled PEM fuel cell industry. The work under this program advanced the state of the art of direct methanol fuel cells. The system developed by MTI micro fuel cells aided by this program differs significantly from conventional DMFC designs and offers compelling advantages in the areas of performance, life, size, and simplicity. The program has progressed as planned resulting in the completion of the scope of work and available funding in December 2008. All 18 of the final P3 prototypes builds have been tested and the results showed significant improvements over P2 prototypes in build yield, initial performance, and durability. The systems have demonstrated robust operation when tested at various orientations, temperatures, and humidity levels. Durability testing has progressed significantly over the course of the program. MEA, engine, and system level steady state testing has demonstrated degradation rates acceptable for initial product introduction. Test duration of over 5000 hrs has been achieved at both the MEA and breadboard system level. P3 level prototype life testing on engines (stacks with reactant conditioning) showed degradation rates comparable to carefully constructed lab fixtures. This was a major improvement over the P2 and P1 engine designs, which exhibited substantial reductions in life and performance between the lab cell and the actual engine. Over the course of the work on the P3 technology set, a platform approach was taken to the system design. By working in this direction, a number of product iterations with substantial market potential were identified. Although the main effort has been the development of a prototype charger for consumer electronic devices, multiple other product concepts were developed during the program showing the wide variety of potential applications.

Carlstrom, Charles, M., Jr.

2009-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

3

Prototyping method for Bragg-type atom interferometers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a method for rapid modeling of new Bragg ultracold atom-interferometer (AI) designs useful for assessing the performance of such interferometers. The method simulates the overall effect on the condensate wave function in a given AI design using two separate elements. These are (1) modeling the effect of a Bragg pulse on the wave function and (2) approximating the evolution of the wave function during the intervals between the pulses. The actual sequence of these pulses and intervals is then followed to determine the approximate final wave function from which the interference pattern can be calculated. The exact evolution between pulses is assumed to be governed by the Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation whose solution is approximated using a Lagrangian variational method to facilitate rapid estimation of performance. The method presented here is an extension of an earlier one that was used to analyze the results of an experiment [J. E. Simsarian et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2040 (2000)], where the phase of a Bose-Einstein condensate was measured using a Mach-Zehnder-type Bragg AI. We have developed both 1D and 3D versions of this method and we have determined their validity by comparing their predicted interference patterns with those obtained by numerical integration of the 1D GP equation and with the results of the above experiment. We find excellent agreement between the 1D interference patterns predicted by this method and those found by the GP equation. We show that we can reproduce all of the results of that experiment without recourse to an ad hoc velocity-kick correction needed by the earlier method, including some experimental results that the earlier model did not predict. We also found that this method provides estimates of 1D interference patterns at least four orders-of-magnitude faster than direct numerical solution of the 1D GP equation.

Benton, Brandon; Krygier, Michael; Heward, Jeffrey; Edwards, Mark [Department of Physics, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, Georgia 30460-8031 (United States); Clark, Charles W. [Joint Quantum Insitute, National Institute of Standards and Technology and the University of Maryland, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

4

InvenTcl: A Fast Prototyping Environment for 3D Graphics and Multimedia Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

InvenTcl: A Fast Prototyping Environment for 3D Graphics and Multimedia Applications Sidney Fels1- sion of Open Inventor, a 3D graphics toolkit. To create InvenTcl, the Open Inventor toolkit is \\wrapped, easy prototyping of 3D graphics and animation, low bandwidth communication of 3D scenes and animations

British Columbia, University of

5

From Application to ASIP-based FPGA prototype: a Case Study on Turbo Decoding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Application to ASIP-based FPGA prototype: a Case Study on Turbo Decoding Olivier Muller, Amer turbo decoder. It introduces turbo decoding application and proposes an Application-Specific Instruction when decoding a double binary turbo code with 5 iterations. 1. Introduction Applications in the field

Muller, Olivier

6

Activity-Based Prototyping of Ubicomp Applications for Long-Lived, Everyday Human Activities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

design process, and it allowed creating realistic ubicomp application prototypes at a low cost computing (ubicomp) promises to support our everyday activities by weaving computing power into the fabric by orienting designs towards human needs. ACD, however, is largely a set of perspectives and concepts

Anderson, Richard

7

Clinical prototype of a plastic water-equivalent scintillating fiber dosimeter array for QA applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A clinical prototype of a scintillating fiber dosimeter array for quality assurance applications is presented. The array consists of a linear array of 29 plastic scintillation detectors embedded in a water-equivalent plastic sheet coupled to optical fibers used to guide optical photons to a charge coupled device (CCD) camera. The CCD is packaged in a light-tight, radiation-shielded housing designed for convenient transport. A custom designed connector is used to ensure reproducible mechanical positioning of the optical fibers relative to the CCD. Profile and depth dose characterization measurements are presented and show that the prototype provides excellent dose measurement reproducibility ({+-}0.8%) in-field and good accuracy ({+-}1.6% maximum deviation) relative to the dose measured with an IC10 ionization chamber.

Lacroix, Frederic; Archambault, Louis; Gingras, Luc; Guillot, Mathieu; Beddar, A. Sam; Beaulieu, Luc [Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec, G1K 7P4 (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec, Quebec G1R2J6 (Canada); Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4 (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec, Quebec G1R2J6 (Canada); Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec, G1K 7P4 (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec, Quebec G1R2J6 (Canada)

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

8

Characterization of the first true coaxial 18-fold segmented n-type prototype detector for the GERDA project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first true coaxial 18-fold segmented n-type HPGe prototype detector produced by Canberra-France for the GERDA neutrinoless double beta-decay project was tested both at Canberra-France and at the Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik in Munich. The main characteristics of the detector are given and measurements concerning detector properties are described. A novel method to establish contacts between the crystal and a Kapton cable is presented.

I. Abt; A. Caldwell; D. Gutknecht; K. Krninger; M. Lampert; X. Liu; B. Majorovits; D. Quirion; F. Stelzer; P. Wendling

2007-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

9

Taxonomy-Driven Prototyping of Home Automation Applications: a Novice-Programmer Visual Language and its Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Taxonomy-Driven Prototyping of Home Automation Applications: a Novice-Programmer Visual Language/LaBRI Abstract Home automation environments are dedicated to helping users in their everyday life and are being. The range of situations to be addressed makes the development of home automation applications challenging

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

10

he application of rapid prototyping (RP) in fabricat-ing nonassembly robotic systems with inserts is pre-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T he application of rapid prototyping (RP) in fabricat- ing nonassembly robotic systems for the rapid and automatic design and fabrication of robotic sys- tems a reality is to study the application with inserts is pre- sented in this article. The development of robotic systems that have all necessary

Mavroidis, Constantinos

11

Application of organosilicon pre-sic polymer technology to optimize rapid prototyping of ceramic components  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Developments of applications of advanced ceramics e.g., SiC, Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, CMCs need to be on a faster track than what the current processing technologies can afford. Rapid reduction in time to market of new and complex products can be achieved by using Rapid Prototyping and Manufacturing Technologies (RP&M) e.g., 3D-printing, selective laser sintering, stereolithography etc. These technologies will help advanced ceramics meet the performance challenges at an affordable price with reliable manufacturing technologies. The key variables of the RP&M technologies for ceramics are the nature of the polymer carrier and/or the binder, and the powder. Selection and/or the production of a proper class of polymer carrier/binder, understanding their impact on the processing of ceramics such as polymer-powder interaction, speed of hardening the green body in a controlled manner, ability to retain shape during forming and consolidation, delivering desirable properties at the end, are crucial to develop the low cost, high quality ceramic products. Organosilicon pre-SiC polymer technology route to advanced ceramics is currently being commercialized by Dow Corning. Methods to use this class of polymer as a processing aid in developing potentially better RP&M technologies to make better ceramics have been proposed in this work.

Saha, C.K.; Zank, G. [Dow Corning Corporation, Midland, MI (United States); Ghosh, A. [Philips Display Components Co., Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Type Inferencing and MATLAB to Modelica Translation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Matlab is a proprietary, interactive, dynamically-typed language for technical computing. It is widely used for prototyping algorithms and applications of scientific computations. Since it (more)

Mohammad, Jahanzeb

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Prototyping Energy Efficient Thermo-Magnetic & Induction Hardening for Heat Treat & Net Shape Forming Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Within this project, Eaton undertook the task of bringing about significant impact with respect to sustainability. One of the major goals for the Department of Energy is to achieve energy savings with a corresponding reduction in carbon foot print. The use of a coupled induction heat treatment with high magnetic field heat treatment makes possible not only improved performance alloys, but with faster processing times and lower processing energy, as well. With this technology, substitution of lower cost alloys for more exotic alloys became a possibility; microstructure could be tailored for improved magnetic properties or wear resistance or mechanical performance, as needed. A prototype commercial unit has been developed to conduct processing of materials. Testing of this equipment has been conducted and results demonstrate the feasibility for industrial commercialization.

Aquil Ahmad

2012-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

14

Appendix B. Automobile Cruise Control and Monitoring System Case Study This appendix presents an application of the proof-of-concept prototype, CODA,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Appendix B. Automobile Cruise Control and Monitoring System Case Study This appendix presents an application of the proof-of-concept prototype, CODA, described in Chapter 10, to an automobile cruise control inferences about the terminators. Second, some of the elements in the diagram are named 1 The automobile

Mills, Kevin

15

Prototype to Test WHY prototype to test  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prototype to Test METHOD WHY prototype to test HOW to prototype to test Prototyping to test or design space. The fundamental way you test your prototypes is by letting users experience them and react to them. In creating prototypes to test with users you have the opportunity to examine your solution

Prinz, Friedrich B.

16

Prototype Implementation of Web and Desktop Applications for ALMA Science Verification Data and the Lessons Learned  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ALMA is estimated to generate TB scale data during only one observation; astronomers manage to identify which part of the data they are really interested in. Now we have been developing new GUI software for this purpose utilizing the VO interface: ALMA Web Quick Look System (ALMAWebQL) and ALMA Desktop Application (Vissage). The former is written in JavaScript and HTML5 generated from Java codes by Google Web Toolkit, and the latter is in pure Java. An essential point of our approach is how to reduce network traffic: we prepare, in advance, "compressed" FITS files of 2x2x1 (horizontal, vertical, and spectral directions, respectively) binning, 2x2x2 binning, 4x4x2 binning data, and so on. These files are hidden from users, and Web QL automatically choose proper one by each user operation. Through this work, we find that network traffic in our system is still a bottleneck towards TB scale data distribution. Hence we have to develop alternative data containers for much faster data processing. In this paper, I in...

Eguchi, Satoshi; Shirasaki, Yuji; Komiya, Yutaka; Kosugi, George; Ohishi, Masatoshi; Mizumoto, Yoshihiko

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

The BEI hydrolysis process and reactor system refined engineering proto-type. BEI pilot-plant improvement and operations demonstrations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This BEI project involves BEI-HP and RS's applications toward potential commercial validity demonstrations for dilute-acid corn-fiber cellulose-hydrolysis processing with an aim toward fuel ethanol production.

Brelsford, Donald L.

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Accelerators of ELV-type Status, development, applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accelerators of ELV-type Status, development, applications In the work presented here the parameters of powerful electron accelerators of con- tinuous action are given and the main systems of the accelerator and a wide set of sup- plementary devices extending the application range of the accelerator

19

Computational Design and Prototype Evaluation of Aluminide-Strengthened Ferritic Superalloys for Power-Generating Turbine Applications up to 1,033 K  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the proposed research is to utilize modern computational tools, integrated with focused experiments, to design innovative ferritic NiAl-strengthened superalloys for fossil-energy applications at temperatures up to 1,033 K. Specifically, the computational alloy design aims toward (1) a steady-state creep rate of approximately 3 x 10{sup -11} s{sup -1} at a temperature of 1,033 K and a stress level of 35 MPa, (2) a ductility of 10% at room temperature, and (3) good oxidation and corrosion resistance at 1,033 K. The research yielded many outstanding research results, including (1) impurity-diffusion coefficients in {alpha} Fe have been calculated by first principles for a variety of solute species; (2) the precipitates were characterized by the transmission-electron microscopy (TEM) and analytical-electron microscopy (AEM), and the elemental partitioning has been determined; (3) a bending ductility of more than 5% has been achieved in the unrolled materials; and (4) optimal compositions with minimal secondary creep rates at 973 K have been determined. Impurity diffusivities in {alpha} Fe have been calculated within the formalisms of a harmonic transition-state theory and Le Claire nine-frequency model for vacancy-mediated diffusion. Calculated diffusion coefficients for Mo and W impurities are comparable to or larger than that for Fe self-diffusion. Calculated activation energies for Ta and Hf impurities suggest that these solutes should display impurity-diffusion coefficients larger than that for self-diffusion in the body-centered cubic Fe. Preliminary mechanical-property studies identified the alloy Fe-6.5Al-10Ni-10Cr-3.4Mo-0.25Zr-0.005B (FBB-8) in weight percent (wt.%) for detailed investigations. This alloy shows precipitation of NiAl particles with an average diameter of 130 nm. In conjunction with the computational alloy design, selected experiments are performed to investigate the effect of the Al content on the ductility and creep of prototype Fe-Ni-Cr-Al-Mo alloys. Three-point-bending experiments show that alloys containing more than 5 wt.% Al exhibit poor ductility (< 2%) at room temperature, and their fracture mode is predominantly of a cleavage type. Two major factors governing the poor ductility are (1) the volume fraction of NiAl-type precipitates, and (2) the Al content in the {alpha}-Fe matrix. A bend ductility of more than 5% can be achieved by lowering the Al concentration to 3 wt.% in the alloy. The alloy containing about 6.5 wt.% Al is found to have an optimal combination of hardness, ductility, and minimal creep rate at 973 K. A high volume fraction of precipitates is responsible for the good creep resistance by effectively resisting the dislocation motion through Orowan-bowing and dislocation-climb mechanisms. The effects of stress on the creep rate have been studied. With the threshold-stress compensation, the stress exponent is determined to be 4, indicating power-law dislocation creep. The threshold stress is in the range of 40-53 MPa. The addition of W can significantly reduce the secondary creep rates. Compared to other candidates for steam-turbine applications, FBB-8 does not show superior creep resistance at high stresses (> 100 MPa), but exhibit superior creep resistance at low stresses (< 60 MPa).

Peter Liaw; Gautam Ghosh; Mark Asta; Morris Fine; Chain Liu

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

20

INTERNSHIP/PRACTICUM APPLICATION FORM Please type or print legibly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERNSHIP/PRACTICUM APPLICATION FORM Please type or print legibly PERSONAL INFORMATION Full Name INTERNSHIP INFORMATION Areas of Interest1 : Please select your top 3 areas of interest in order of preference Sources ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS (max 150 words each) Why are you interested in pursuing an internship

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Elements for the design of precision machine tools and their application to a prototype 450mm Si-wafer grinder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Next generation precision machines will require ever more rigid elements to achieve the required machining tolerances. The presented work focuses on the application of ultra stiff servo-controllable kinematic couplings and ...

Rothenhfer, Gerald S. (Gerald Sven)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Rapid prototyping of rapid prototyping machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rapid prototyping tools empower individuals to create almost anything. Unfortunately, these tools are still far too expensive for personal ownership. The do-it-yourself community has responded with a slew of home-made rapid ...

Moyer, Ilan Ellison

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Property:NEPA Application Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County,ContAddr2 Jump to:ManagingFieldOffice JumpApplication Type Jump to:

24

Overload permit rules applicable to H-type and HS-type bridges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This document defines standards for issuing permits for overweight vehicles crossing standard H-type and HS-type Texas highway bridges. A general formula and a bridge specific formula have been developed for simple spans of both bridge types...

Litchfield, Stephen Charles

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Majorana Thermosyphon Prototype Experimental Setup  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the experimental setup of Pacific Northwest National Laboratorys MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR thermosyphon prototype cooling system. A nitrogen thermosyphon prototype of such a system has been built and tested at PNNL. This document presents the experimental setup of the prototype that successfully demonstrated the heat transfer performance of the system.

Reid, Douglas J.; Guzman, Anthony D.; Munley, John T.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Rapid prototyping is coming of age  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article examines how, by accelerating the design process and speeding tooling development, rapid prototyping technology helps manufacturers cut new product cycle times and costs. During the last decade, a class of technologies has emerged by which a computer-aided design file of an object can be converted into a physical model through special sintering, layering, or deposition techniques. Called rapid prototyping (RP), or solid free-form fabrication, the major application for this technology has been early verification of product designs and quick production of prototypes for testing. Multiple prototypes can now be reproduced more economically by using the RP master as a pattern for creating molded or soft tooling. Interest in desktop (or more accurately, office) rapid prototyping for visualization and design verification is growing, but it is not yet easy to cost-justify. Recently, the fabrication of patterns for limited-run production tooling has become more common. Today, the most popular rapid tooling options are silicone rubber (RTV) molding and epoxy and spray metal tooling. For metal part production, the choices are investment, plaster, spin, and sand casting.

Ashley, S.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

p-type Bi2Se3 for topological insulator and low temperature thermoelectric applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

end-members of the (Bi,Sb)2(Te,Se)3 family of thermoelectric materials. Decades of work-based thermoelectrics has been the difficulty in making the material p-type. Unlike Bi2Te3, which can1 p-type Bi2Se3 for topological insulator and low temperature thermoelectric applications Y.S. Hor1

Ong, N. P.

28

Geography Access Control / Identification Application Application Type: New Update/Addition Replacement Temporary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/Addition Replacement Temporary The following is to be completed by the employee (type or print legibly): Last name _____________________ $15 Access & Identification, $10 Identification Card only, $10 replacement fee for either Affiliation

California at Santa Barbara, University of

29

APPLICATION FOR AD HOC INTERDISCIPLINARY DOCTORAL PROGRAM (Please type or wordprocess)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPLICATION FOR AD HOC INTERDISCIPLINARY DOCTORAL PROGRAM (Please type or wordprocess) Approval school Current Address Telephone: Home Office Permanent Address Telephone Proposed Ad Hoc Doctoral Committee Ad hoc committee chair Rank UT EID Department GSC member: Yes No Committee member Rank UT EID

Johnston, Daniel

30

Rapid prototyping of green composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rapid prototyping employs digital fabrication techniques to quickly manufacture parts. However, the available materials are not yet suitable for making strong, large or durable objects. Composites are materials which are ...

Peek, Nadya (Nadya Meile)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

A prototype catalogue: DOE National Laboratory technologies for infrastructure modernization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to provide the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) with information about selected technologies under development in the Department of Energy (DOE) through its National Laboratory System and its Program Office operations. The technologies selected are those that have the potential to improve the performance of the nation's public works infrastructure. The product is a relational database that we refer to as a prototype catalogue of technologies.'' The catalogue contains over 100 entries of DOE-supported technologies having potential application to infrastructure-related problems. The work involved conceptualizing an approach, developing a framework for organizing technology information, and collecting samples of readily available data to be put into a prototype catalogue. In developing the catalogue, our objectives were to demonstrate the concept and provide readily available information to OTA. As such, the catalogue represents a preliminary product. The existing database is not exhaustive and likely represents only a fraction of relevant technologies developed by DOE. In addition, the taxonomy we used to classify technologies is based on the judgment of project staff and has received minimal review by individuals who have been involved in the development and testing of the technologies. Finally, end users will likely identify framework changes and additions that will strengthen the catalogue approach. The framework for the catalogue includes four components: a description of the technology, along with potential uses and other pertinent information; identification of the source of the descriptive information; identification of a person or group knowledgeable about the technology; and a classification of the described technology in terms of its type, application, life-cycle use, function, and readiness.

Currie, J.W.; Wilfert, G.L.; March, F.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Prototype dining hall energy efficiency study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energy consumption of food service facilities is among the highest of any commercial building type, owing to the special requirements for food preparation, sanitation, and ventilation. Consequently, the US Air Force Engineering and Services Center (AFESC) contracted with Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to collect and analyze end-use energy consumption data for a prototypical dining hall and make specific recommendations on cost-effective energy conservation options. This information will be used to establish or update criteria for dining hall designs and retrofits as appropriate. 6 refs., 21 figs., 23 tabs.

Mazzucchi, R.P.; Bailey, S.A.; Zimmerman, P.W.

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Integration of rapid prototyping into design and manufacturing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The introduction of rapid prototyping machines into the marketplace promises to revolutionize the process of producing prototype parts with production-like quality. In the age of concurrent engineering and agile manufacturing, it is necessary to exploit applicable new technologies as soon as they become available. The driving force behind integrating these evolutionary processes into the design and manufacture of prototype parts is the need to reduce lead times and fabrication costs, improve efficiency, and increase flexibility without sacrificing quality. Sandia utilizes Stereolithography (SL) and Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) capabilities to support internal design and manufacturing efforts. SL is used in the design iteration process to produce proof-of-concept models, hands-on models for design reviews, fit-check models, visual aids for manufacturing, and functional parts in assemblies. SLS is used to produce wax patterns for the lost wax process of investment casting in support of an internal Sandia National Laboratories program called FASTCAST which integrates experimental and computational technologies into the investment casting process. This presentation will provide a brief overview of the SL and SLS processes and address our experiences with these technologies from the standpoints of application, accuracy, surface finish, and feature definition. Also presented will be several examples of prototype parts manufactured by the Stereolithography and Selective Laser Sintering rapid prototyping machines.

Atwood, C.L.; McCarty, G.D.; Pardo, B.T.; Bryce, E.A.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Theory and application of linear parameter varing control for X-38 type re-entry vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Manipulating the above definitions and substituting into Equation 3. 11 results in + [ A? (q7. + z?) A?(ql + z?) ] [ g ] A?(q, +z?) A?(q +z )J/Z J [ B, (g +z?)i " )[ql?j+W(ql?w?, u?) B, (ql, +z?)J (3. 17) where '( ". )]l -I A2I( lz + eq) A22( lz + eq.... Painter (Member) December 2002 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering ABSTRACT Theory and Application of Linear Parameter Varying Control for X-38 Type Re-Entry Vehicles. (December 2002) Dallas Ryan Hopper, B. S. , Texas ASM IJniversity Chair...

Hopper, Dallas Ryan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

35

An Alexandrov-Fenchel-type inequality in hyperbolic space with an application to a Penrose inequality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use the inverse mean curvature flow to prove a sharp Alexandrov-Fenchel-type inequality for star-shaped, strictly mean convex hypersurfaces in hyperbolic $n$-space, $n\\geq 3$. As an application we establish, in any dimension, an optimal Penrose inequality for asymptotically hyperbolic graphs carrying a minimal horizon, with the equality occurring if and only if the graph is an anti-de Sitter-Schwarzschild solution. This sharpens previous results by Dahl-Gicquaud-Sakovich and settles, for this class of initial data sets, the conjectured Penrose inequality for time-symmetric space-times with negative cosmological constant.

Levi Lopes de Lima; Frederico Giro

2014-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

36

UDC Develops Prototype High-Efficiency OLED Undercabinet Luminaire  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Universal Display Corporation (UDC) has demonstrated the real-world application of a novel lighting technology by developing two pre-prototype OLED undercabinet lighting systems that exceed 420 total lumens at an efficacy of more than 55 lm/W, with an estimated lifetime (LT70) in excess of 10,000 hours, and a color rendering index (CRI) greater than 85.

37

Diastereoselective nickel-catalyzed reductive coupling of alkynes and aldehydes and application towards the B-type amphidinolides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The application of recently developed stereoselective nickel-catalyzed reductive coupling reactions of alkynes and aldehydes to the synthesis of complex natural product targets was explored. The "B-Type" amphidinolides ...

Ndubaku, Chudi O

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

An environment for the rapid prototyping of user interfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Tom Slade, Mark Lease, Randy Duncan. Mike O'Neah and John DeSoi. Also. thanks go to the Lockheed Software Technology Center and the Texas A&M Laboratory for Software Research for the funding and inspiration for this research. vi TABLE OF CO... Requirements GSS Prototypes . Prototype Application Display Generator Icon Generator Research Overview I I BACKGROUND 3 3 3 4 5 5 6 6 A Specification Language I'or Direct Manipulation User Interfaces LabVIEW . MIKE: Menu Interaction Kontrol...

Harbert, Joe Andrew

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Test report -- Prototype core sampler  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this test is to determine the adequacy of the prototype sampler, provided to Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) by DOE-RL. The sampler was fabricated for DOE-RL by the Concord Company by request of DOE-RL. This prototype sampler was introduced as a technology that can be easily deployed (similar to the current auger system) and will reliably collect representative samples. The sampler is similar to the Universal Sampler i.e., smooth core barrel and piston with an O-ring seal, but lacks a rotary valve near the throat of the sampler. This makes the sampler inappropriate for liquid sampling, but reduces the outside diameter of the sampler considerably, which should improve sample recovery. Recovery testing was performed with the supplied sampler in three different consistencies of Kaolin sludge simulants.

Linschooten, C.G.

1995-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

40

Arduino: An Open Electronics Prototyping Platform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arduino: An Open Electronics Prototyping Platform Abstract Arduino is a platform for prototyping and library for writing code to control the board. Arduino comes from a philosophy of learning by doing the Arduino prototyping platform. This paper discusses related work, the educational and design context within

Herr, Hugh

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The Brasfield Hydroelectric Project: A model-prototype comparison  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Observations made during start-up and operation of the 3 MW Brasfield Hydroelectric Project provide an excellent means of comparing physical model results with the prototype installation. During start-up, the turbine generator unit was operated without the surface vortex suppression grid in place to allow engineers to observe vortex formation without, and later with, the grid. The model performance is reproduced in the prototype with regard to surface vortices. Field data has also been obtained at 0.7 in depth increments to provide dissolved oxygen (D.O.) concentrations profiles in the reservoir and in the nearfield zone surrounding the intake. Parallel D.O. measurements at the powerhouse outlet and 1.6 km downstream of the outlet provide a good means of determining the average depth of water column from which the water was removed. Measurements of model velocities, scaled to the prototype, multiplied times the field measurements of dissolved oxygen (D.O.) concentration and water temperature provide a model-predicted downstream D.O. concentration that also compares well to that measured in the prototype. This paper provides support for an unconventional design technique which may be applicable to many other sites facing similar environmental constraints. The model-prototype comparison also provides a strong verification of the combined use of both physical and mathematical models to solve such a design problem.

Gulliver, J.S.; Voigt, R.L. Jr.; Hibbs, D.E. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)] [and others

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

42

MATLAB tensor classes for fast algorithm prototyping.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tensors (also known as mutidimensional arrays or N-way arrays) are used in a variety of applications ranging from chemometrics to psychometrics. We describe four MATLAB classes for tensor manipulations that can be used for fast algorithm prototyping. The tensor class extends the functionality of MATLAB's multidimensional arrays by supporting additional operations such as tensor multiplication. The tensor as matrix class supports the 'matricization' of a tensor, i.e., the conversion of a tensor to a matrix (and vice versa), a commonly used operation in many algorithms. Two additional classes represent tensors stored in decomposed formats: cp tensor and tucker tensor. We descibe all of these classes and then demonstrate their use by showing how to implement several tensor algorithms that have appeared in the literature.

Bader, Brett William; Kolda, Tamara Gibson (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA)

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Application of vane-type resonator to microwave powered electrodeless HID lamp  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cavity resonator has been generally used as microwave applicator for an electrodeless high intensity discharge (HID) lamp. The size of a cavity resonator is determined by the wavelength of a microwave applied. For example, for a microwave of 2.45 GHz, an inner diameter of more than about 76 mm is necessary for obtaining a microwave resonant field, and then the size of a plasma arc capable of maintaining a stable discharge is experimentally limited at about 15 mm and above. Accordingly the microwave powered electrodeless HID lamp device using cavity resonator is inappropriate in applications where a point light source is required. A vane-type resonator is generally known as an anode of a magnetron, which decides the oscillation frequency of the magnetron. The authors used 3-D finite element method simulation for a design of a vane-type resonator with parabolic reflector to obtain a desired resonant frequency. According to the results of the simulation, the sizes of a 4-vanes resonator with the parabolic reflector were decided, and the resonator made of aluminum and copper was prepared. An electrodeless lamp with InBr and Ar gas enclosed in a spherical quartz glass tube having an inner diameter of about 4 mm was also prepared, and was set at center portion of the resonator. The total luminous flux was about 2,150 lm at microwave input of 27 W. Incidentally, the CRI and Tc for this lamp were 93 and 10,200 K, respectively. Thus, it becomes possible to efficiently couple microwave energy with a smaller-sized electrodeless HID lamp than conventional.

Hochi, Akira; Takeda, Mamoru

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Symmetrized Perturbation Determinants and Applications to Boundary Data Maps and Krein-Type Resolvent Formulas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of this paper is twofold: On one hand we discuss an abstract approach to symmetrized Fredholm perturbation determinants and an associated trace formula for a pair of operators of positive-type, extending a classical trace formula. On the other hand, we continue a recent systematic study of boundary data maps, that is, 2 \\times 2 matrix-valued Dirichlet-to-Neumann and more generally, Robin-to-Robin maps, associated with one-dimensional Schr\\"odinger operators on a compact interval [0,R] with separated boundary conditions at 0 and R. One of the principal new results in this paper reduces an appropriately symmetrized (Fredholm) perturbation determinant to the 2\\times 2 determinant of the underlying boundary data map. In addition, as a concrete application of the abstract approach in the first part of this paper, we establish the trace formula for resolvent differences of self-adjoint Schr\\"odinger operators corresponding to different (separated) boundary conditions in terms of boundary data maps.

Gesztesy, Fritz

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Symmetrized Perturbation Determinants and Applications to Boundary Data Maps and Krein-Type Resolvent Formulas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of this paper is twofold: On one hand we discuss an abstract approach to symmetrized Fredholm perturbation determinants and an associated trace formula for a pair of operators of positive-type, extending a classical trace formula. On the other hand, we continue a recent systematic study of boundary data maps, that is, 2 \\times 2 matrix-valued Dirichlet-to-Neumann and more generally, Robin-to-Robin maps, associated with one-dimensional Schr\\"odinger operators on a compact interval [0,R] with separated boundary conditions at 0 and R. One of the principal new results in this paper reduces an appropriately symmetrized (Fredholm) perturbation determinant to the 2\\times 2 determinant of the underlying boundary data map. In addition, as a concrete application of the abstract approach in the first part of this paper, we establish the trace formula for resolvent differences of self-adjoint Schr\\"odinger operators corresponding to different (separated) boundary conditions in terms of boundary data maps.

Fritz Gesztesy; Maxim Zinchenko

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

46

BNCP prototype detonator studies using a semiconductor bridge initiator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on experiments with prototype BNCP detonators incorporating a semiconductor bridge, SCB. We tested two device designs; one for DoD and one for DOE applications. We report tests with the DoD detonator using different firing conditions and two different grain sizes of BNCP. The DOE detonator utilized a 50 {mu}F CDU firing set with a 24 V all-fire condition.

Fyfe, D.W.; Fronabarger, J.W. [Pacific Scientific Co., Avondale-Goodyear, AZ (United States). Energy Dynamics Div.; Bickes, R.W. Jr. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Computer Note A Prototype Object Database for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Note A Prototype Object Database for Mitochondrial DNA Variation J. E. NEIGEL AND P preserved. We hope to prevent further loss by establishing a community database for population genetic surveys. We explored the feasibility of a population genetics database by developing a prototype

Neigel, Joseph E.

48

E-Print Network 3.0 - ahcal prototype temperaturabhaengigkeit...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: a combination of physical and virtual prototyping in 3D. Specifically, 3D-printing techniques are used... -specific physical prototype of the collecting system is...

49

A Prototype for Graphene Material Simulation: Structures and...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Prototype for Graphene Material Simulation: Structures and Interaction Potentials ofCoronene Dimers. A Prototype for Graphene Material Simulation: Structures and Interaction...

50

E-Print Network 3.0 - application type nda Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the dicubane-like type Ln7(3-OH)813+ (Ln ) Ho (1), Yb (2)) were obtained via hydrothermal... through the linkage of 1,4-naphthalenedicarboxylate (1,4-NDA), forming...

51

Statistical Genetic Interval-Valued Type-2 Fuzzy System and its Application.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In recent years, the type-2 fuzzy sets theory has been used to model and minimize the effects of uncertainties in rule-base fuzzy logic system. In (more)

Qiu, Yu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

MPACT Fast Neutron Multiplicity System Prototype Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document serves as both an FY2103 End-of-Year and End-of-Project report on efforts that resulted in the design of a prototype fast neutron multiplicity counter leveraged upon the findings of previous project efforts. The prototype design includes 32 liquid scintillator detectors with cubic volumes 7.62 cm in dimension configured into 4 stacked rings of 8 detectors. Detector signal collection for the system is handled with a pair of Struck Innovative Systeme 16-channel digitizers controlled by in-house developed software with built-in multiplicity analysis algorithms. Initial testing and familiarization of the currently obtained prototype components is underway, however full prototype construction is required for further optimization. Monte Carlo models of the prototype system were performed to estimate die-away and efficiency values. Analysis of these models resulted in the development of a software package capable of determining the effects of nearest-neighbor rejection methods for elimination of detector cross talk. A parameter study was performed using previously developed analytical methods for the estimation of assay mass variance for use as a figure-of-merit for system performance. A software package was developed to automate these calculations and ensure accuracy. The results of the parameter study show that the prototype fast neutron multiplicity counter design is very nearly optimized under the restraints of the parameter space.

D.L. Chichester; S.A. Pozzi; J.L. Dolan; M.T. Kinlaw; S.J. Thompson; A.C. Kaplan; M. Flaska; A. Enqvist; J.T. Johnson; S.M. Watson

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Construction of the CERN Fast Cycled Superconducting Dipole Magnet Prototype  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CERN is pursuing a small scale R&D on a fast cycled superconducting dipole magnet (FCM) of interest for the upgrade plan of the LHC accelerator complex. The FCM dipole prototype being built has a number of novel features if compared to other magnets for similar applications. In this paper we describe the magnet design, and its expected performance, focusing especially on the novel features (magnetic circuit, mechanical supports, cooling) and on the details of the manufacturing procedure (coil winding and impregnation, joints, instrumentation and quench protection).

Borgnolutti, F; Bottura, L; Carra, F; Foffano, G; Gomes De Faria, J M; Kalouguine, O; Kirby, G; Lopez, C; Tommasini, D

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Hit efficiency study of CMS prototype forward pixel detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper the author describes the measurement of the hit efficiency of a prototype pixel device for the CMS forward pixel detector. These pixel detectors were FM type sensors with PSI46V1 chip readout. The data were taken with the 120 GeV proton beam at Fermilab during the period of December 2004 to February 2005. The detectors proved to be highly efficient (99.27 {+-} 0.02%). The inefficiency was primarily located near the corners of the individual pixels.

Kim, Dongwook; /Johns Hopkins U.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Prototalk : an Environment for Teaching, Understanding, Designing and Prototyping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With prototype-based languages, concretization and abstraction are unified into a single concept a prototype into several variations. In the first age of prototype-based languages, research languages such as Self [3 compact language with NewtonScript's double inheritance [23], Pic% [24] a new prototype language

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

56

EVALUATION OF A PROTOTYPE SOLAR AWNING A prototype solar awning has been designed and installed on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and installed on a University of Oregon campus building. The solar awning is composed of a light shelfEVALUATION OF A PROTOTYPE SOLAR AWNING ABSTRACT A prototype solar awning has been designed with photovoltaic modules at- tached tilted 20° to the south. An interior light shelf and LED lights have been

Oregon, University of

57

Visa Type Alien Number (If Applicable) FPd Which of the following categories best describes you? Response is voluntary. See notes on reverse side for explanation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COLLEGE USE ONLY DIV FEE GRPADM CURRICULUM RESIDENCY STP YR MO Visa Type Alien Number (If of application . 3. Permanent residents of the United States will be required to present their Alien Registration

Qiu, Weigang

58

Application Of LIF Technique In The Diagnosis Of Some Human Cancer Types  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fluorescence spectroscopy is an evolving technology that can rapidly differentiate between benign and malignant tissues. These differences are thought to be due to endogenous fluorophores, including nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, flavin adenine dinucleotide, and tryptophan, and absorbers such as {beta}-carotene and hemoglobin. This is a non-invasive diagnostic tool that can identify diseased tissue sites in situ and in real time could have a major impact on the detection and treatment of cancer. This study evaluates the utility of autofluorescence and spectroscopy to distinguish tissue transformation associated with the malignant change in two types of human cancer - colorectal and breast cancer - Fluorescence spectra were obtained using a high-sensitivity fiber optic spectrometer and using two types of excitation sources, Argon laser with an emission at wavelength 488 nm and Xenon lamp. The results showed that the fluorescence intensity changes from normal to malignant tissue samples may be explained in terms of simple collagen, oxidized riboflavins and NAD(P)H intensity changes. In the future, improving our understanding of the biological changes that can be assessed using spectroscopy will not only improve optical techniques but also provide new tools to better understand cancer biology.

El-Hussein, A.; Kasem, A. K.; Harith, M. A. [National Institute of Laser Enhanced Science, Cairo University (Egypt); Ismail, H. [National Cancer Institute, Cairo University (Egypt)

2009-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

59

Future Internet Infrastructures for FI Prototyping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

++ Fraunhofer Institute FOKUS, Berlin ++ www.fokus.fraunhofer.de/go/innovation ++ 11­2009 #12;Future Internet Berlin AV de- partment (Architektur für Vermittlungskno- ten). Part of the Fraunhofer innovation clusFuture Internet Infrastructures for FI Prototyping NGN Evolution toward Future Internet Fraunhofer

Wichmann, Felix

60

Prototype bucket foundation for wind turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prototype bucket foundation for wind turbines -natural frequency estimation Lars Bo Ibsen Morten bucket foundation for wind turbines -natural frequency estimation by Lars Bo Ibsen Morten Liingaard foundation for wind turbines--natural frequency estimation" is divided into four numbered sections

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Development of a prototype lignin concentration sensor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technologies, is sponsoring a research and development program for the development of a real-time, in-situ sensor to measure the concentration of lignin in wood pulp. The program is composed of phase I showing feasibility which is now complete, phase II for development and testing of a Field Prototype, in progress, Phase III commercialization. Phase I work (funded entirely by B W) demonstrated a correlation between the fluorescence intensity and lignin concentration (as measured by TAPPI procedure, T 236 hm-85 Kappa Number of Pulp) for undiluted wood pulp samples. In Phase II, a laboratory test program directed at characterizing the fluorescence of wood pulp has been conducted as a prelude to the design of a prototype sensor. The current report summarizes the testing completed in Phase I and documents the Phase II laboratory testing completed through December 1991. Future Phase II efforts include additional laboratory testing, design and fabrication of a prototype sensor, and field testing of the prototype sensor. Phase III of the program will concentrate on the incorporation of the sensor into a control system and commercialization of the sensor.

Malito, M.L.; Jeffers, L.A.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Development of a prototype lignin concentration sensor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technologies, is sponsoring a research and development program for the development of a real-time, in-situ sensor to measure the concentration of lignin in wood pulp. The program is composed of phase I showing feasibility which is now complete, phase II for development and testing of a Field Prototype, in progress, Phase III commercialization. Phase I work (funded entirely by B&W) demonstrated a correlation between the fluorescence intensity and lignin concentration (as measured by TAPPI procedure, T 236 hm-85 Kappa Number of Pulp) for undiluted wood pulp samples. In Phase II, a laboratory test program directed at characterizing the fluorescence of wood pulp has been conducted as a prelude to the design of a prototype sensor. The current report summarizes the testing completed in Phase I and documents the Phase II laboratory testing completed through December 1991. Future Phase II efforts include additional laboratory testing, design and fabrication of a prototype sensor, and field testing of the prototype sensor. Phase III of the program will concentrate on the incorporation of the sensor into a control system and commercialization of the sensor.

Malito, M.L.; Jeffers, L.A.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Nested Autonomy Prototype for Distributed Undersea Sensing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MOOS-IvP Nested Autonomy Prototype for Distributed Undersea Sensing User's Guide H. Schmidt, M Autonomous Network Architecture, based on the Nested Autonomy paradigm, as implemented and operated Nested Autonomy Paradigm for Distributed Undersea Sensing 11 2 Autonomy in Communication

Schmidt, Henrik

64

APPLICATION OF HIGH TECHNOLOGY POLYMERS FOR THE IMMOBILIZATION AND SOLIDIFICATION OF COMPLEX LIQUID RADWASTE TYPES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Cold War era created a massive build-up of nuclear weapon stockpiles in the former Soviet Union and the United States. The primary objective during this period was the development of nuclear technologies for weapons, space and power with lack of attention to the impact of radioactive and hazardous waste products on the environment. Effective technologies for radioactive and hazardous waste treatment and disposal were not well investigated or promoted during the arms build-up; and consequently, environmental contamination has become a major problem. These problems in Russia and the United States are well documented. Significant amounts of liquid radwaste have existed since the 1950's. The current government of the Russian Federation is addressing the issues of land remediation and permanent storage of radwaste resulting from internal and external pressures for safe cleanup and storage. The Russian government seeks new technologies from internal sources and from the West that will provide high performance, long term stability, safe for transport and for long-term storage of liquid radwaste at a reasonable economic cost. With the great diversity of liquid chemical compositions and activity levels, it is important to note that these waste products cannot be processed with commonly used methods. Different techniques and materials can be used for this problem resolution including the use of polymer materials that are capable of forming chemically stable, solidified waste products. In 2001, the V.G. Khlopin Radium Institute (St. Petersburg, Russia) and Pacific World Trade (Indianapolis, Indiana) began an extensive research and test program to determine the effectiveness and performance of high technology polymers for the immobilization and solidification of complex liquid radwaste types generated by the Ministry of Atomic Energy (Minatom), Russia, organization. The high tech polymers used in the tests were provided by Nochar, Inc. (Indianapolis, Indiana).

Kelley, Dennis; Brunkow, Ward; Pokhitonov, Yuri; Starchenko, Vadim

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

65

Aggravation of Pre-Existing Atrioventricular Block, Wenckebach Type, Provoked by Application of X-Ray Contrast Medium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Background. Significant bradycardia followed by cardiac arrest related to single bolus administration of X-ray contrast medium into a peripheral artery has not, to our knowledge, been described in the literature. Methods and Results. While performing a percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of the left superficial femoral artery in a 68-year old patient with a pre-existing atrioventricular (AV) block, Wenckebach type, he developed an AV block III after a single bolus injection of intra-arterial X-ray contrast medium. Conclusion. We believe that application of contrast medium causes a transitory ischemia in the obstructed vessel and therefore elevation of endogenous adenosine. In the case of a previously damaged AV node this elevation of endogenous adenosine may be responsible for the development of a short period of third-degree AV block.

Brodmann, Marianne, E-mail: marianne.brodmann@meduni-graz.at; Seinost, Gerald [Medizinische Universitaet Graz, Division of Angiology, Department of Internal Medicine (Austria); Stark, Gerhard [LKH Deutschlandsberg, Department of Internal Medicine (Austria); Pilger, Ernst [Medizinische Universitaet Graz, Division of Angiology, Department of Internal Medicine (Austria)

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

A prototype implementation of a network-level intrusion detection system. Technical report number CS91-11  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the implementation of a prototype network level intrusion detection system. The prototype system monitors base level information in network packets (source, destination, packet size, time, and network protocol), learning the normal patterns and announcing anomalies as they occur. The goal of this research is to determine the applicability of current intrusion detection technology to the detection of network level intrusions. In particular, the authors are investigating the possibility of using this technology to detect and react to worm programs.

Heady, R.; Luger, G.F.; Maccabe, A.B.; Servilla, M.; Sturtevant, J. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Computer Science

1991-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

67

Midas: Fabricating Custom Capacitive Touch Sensors to Prototype Interactive Objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. While digital fabrication techniques such as 3D printing make it easier to prototype the shape of custom processes like 3D printing and CNC ma- chining make it easier to prototype the form of such products

California at Irvine, University of

68

Prototypical Consolidation Demonstration Project: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report of the Prototypical Consolidation Demonstration Project, which was funded by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management. The project had two objectives: (a) to develop and demonstrate a prototype of production-scale equipment for the dry, horizontal consolidation and packaging of spent nuclear fuel rods from commercial boiling water reactor and pressurized water reactor fuel assemblies, and (b) to report the development and demonstration results to the US Department of Energy, Idaho Operations Office. This report summarizes the activities and conclusions of the project management contractor, EG&G Idaho, Inc., and the fabrication and testing contractor, NUS Corporation (NUS). The report also presents EG&G Idaho`s assessments of the equipment and procedures developed by NUS.

Gili, J.A.; Poston, V.K.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

DOE`s annealing prototype demonstration projects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the challenges U.S. utilities face in addressing technical issues associated with the aging of nuclear power plants is the long-term effect of plant operation on reactor pressure vessels (RPVs). As a nuclear plant operates, its RPV is exposed to neutrons. For certain plants, this neutron exposure can cause embrittlement of some of the RPV welds which can shorten the useful life of the RPV. This RPV embrittlement issue has the potential to affect the continued operation of a number of operating U.S. pressurized water reactor (PWR) plants. However, RPV material properties affected by long-term irradiation are recoverable through a thermal annealing treatment of the RPV. Although a dozen Russian-designed RPVs and several U.S. military vessels have been successfully annealed, U.S. utilities have stated that a successful annealing demonstration of a U.S. RPV is a prerequisite for annealing a licensed U.S. nuclear power plant. In May 1995, the Department of Energy`s Sandia National Laboratories awarded two cost-shared contracts to evaluate the feasibility of annealing U.S. licensed plants by conducting an anneal of an installed RPV using two different heating technologies. The contracts were awarded to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Center for Research and Technology Development (CRTD) and MPR Associates (MPR). The ASME team completed its annealing prototype demonstration in July 1996, using an indirect gas furnace at the uncompleted Public Service of Indiana`s Marble Hill nuclear power plant. The MPR team`s annealing prototype demonstration was scheduled to be completed in early 1997, using a direct heat electrical furnace at the uncompleted Consumers Power Company`s nuclear power plant at Midland, Michigan. This paper describes the Department`s annealing prototype demonstration goals and objectives; the tasks, deliverables, and results to date for each annealing prototype demonstration; and the remaining annealing technology challenges.

Warren, J.; Nakos, J.; Rochau, G.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Mechanical Measurements of the ALMA Prototype Antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The specifications of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) have placed stringent requirements on the mechanical performance of its antennas. As part of the evaluation process of the VertexRSI and Alcatel EIE Consortium (AEC) ALMA prototype antennas, measurements of the path length, thermal, and azimuth bearing performance were made under a variety of weather conditions and observing modes. The results of mechanical measurements, reported here, are compared to the antenna specifications.

A. Greve; J. G. Mangum

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

71

Prototalk : an Environment for Teaching, Understanding, Designing and Prototyping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With prototype-based languages, concretization and abstraction are unified into a single concept a prototype into several variations. In the first age of prototype-based languages, research languages such as Self [3-client programming language [21] [22]. More recently IO, a new and extremely compact language with Newton

Ducasse, Stéphane

72

Performance of a Quintuple-GEM Based RICH Detector Prototype  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

\\v{C}erenkov technology is one of the first choices when it comes to particle identification in high energy particle collision applications. Particularly challenging is the deployment in the high pseudorapidity\\footnote{Spatial coordinate describing the angle of a particle relative to the beam axis: $\\eta\\equiv -ln\\left[\\tan\\left(\\frac{\\theta}{2}\\right)\\right]$} (forward) direction where particle identification must allow for high lab momenta, up to about 50 GeV/c. In this region \\v{C}erenkov Ring-Imaging is among the most viable solutions and will provide the desired performance if the radiator has a low index of refraction, high yield of photoelectrons, and allows precise measurement of the position of each photoelectron. A RICH detector prototype based on a novel concept that allows the use of a significantly shorter radiator length compared to conventional RICH detectors has been constructed and tested. The setup and the results obtained are described.

Blatnik, M; Deshpande, A; Dixit, D; Feege, N; Hemmick, T K; Lewis, B; Purschke, M L; Roh, W; Torales-Acosta, F; Videbaek, T; Zajac, S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Ramp-rate sensitivity of SSC dipole magnet prototypes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the major achievements of the magnet R&D program for the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) is the fabrication and test of a series of 20 5-cm aperture, 15-m long dipole magnet prototypes. The ramp rate sensitivity of these magnets appears to fall in at least two categories that can be correlated to the manufacturer and production batch of the strands used for the inner-coil cables. The first category, referred to as type-A, is characterized by a strong quench current degradation at high ramp rates, usually accompanied by large distortions of the multipole fields and large energy losses. The second category, referred to as type-B, is characterized by a sudden drop of quench current at low ramp rates, followed by a much milder degradation at larger rates. The multipole fields of the type-B magnets show little ramp-rate sensitivity, and the energy losses are smaller than for the type-A magnets. The behavior of the Type-A magnets can be explained in terms of inter-strand eddy currents arising from low and non-uniform resistances at the crossovers between the strands of the two-layer Rutherford-type cable. Anomalies in the transport-current repartition among the cable strands are suggested as a possible cause for the type-B behavior. The origins of these anomalies have not yet been clearly identified. The SSC project was canceled by decision of the United States Congress on October 21, 1994.

Devred, A.; Ogitsu, T.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Prototype spent-fuel canister design, analysis, and test  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories was asked by the US Energy Research and Development Administration (now US Department of Energy) to design the spent fuel shipping cask system for the Clinch River Breeder Reactor Plant (CRBRP). As a part of this task, a canister which holds liquid sodium and the spent fuel assembly was designed, analyzed, and tested. The canister body survived the regulatory Type-B 9.1-m (30-ft) drop test with no apparent leakage. However, the commercially available metal seal used in this design leaked after the tests. This report describes the design approach, analysis, and prototype canister testing. Recommended work for completing the design, when funding is available, is included.

Leisher, W.B.; Eakes, R.G.; Duffey, T.A.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

A prototype catalogue: DOE National Laboratory technologies for infrastructure modernization. Letter report made publicly available December 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to provide the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) with information about selected technologies under development in the Department of Energy (DOE) through its National Laboratory System and its Program Office operations. The technologies selected are those that have the potential to improve the performance of the nation`s public works infrastructure. The product is a relational database that we refer to as a ``prototype catalogue of technologies.`` The catalogue contains over 100 entries of DOE-supported technologies having potential application to infrastructure-related problems. The work involved conceptualizing an approach, developing a framework for organizing technology information, and collecting samples of readily available data to be put into a prototype catalogue. In developing the catalogue, our objectives were to demonstrate the concept and provide readily available information to OTA. As such, the catalogue represents a preliminary product. The existing database is not exhaustive and likely represents only a fraction of relevant technologies developed by DOE. In addition, the taxonomy we used to classify technologies is based on the judgment of project staff and has received minimal review by individuals who have been involved in the development and testing of the technologies. Finally, end users will likely identify framework changes and additions that will strengthen the catalogue approach. The framework for the catalogue includes four components: a description of the technology, along with potential uses and other pertinent information; identification of the source of the descriptive information; identification of a person or group knowledgeable about the technology; and a classification of the described technology in terms of its type, application, life-cycle use, function, and readiness.

Currie, J.W.; Wilfert, G.L.; March, F.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

LANSCE Wire Scanner System Prototype: Switchyard Test  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On November 19, 2011, the beam diagnostics team of Los Alamos National Laboratory's LANSCE accelerator facility conducted a test of a prototype wire scanner system for future deployment within the accelerator's switchyard area. The primary focus of this test was to demonstrate the wire scanner control system's ability to extend its functionality beyond acquiring lower energy linac beam profile measurements to acquiring data in the switchyard. This study summarizes the features and performance characteristics of the electronic and mechanical implementation of this system with details focusing on the test results.

Sedillo, James D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

77

Prototyping of the ILC Baseline Positron Target  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ILC positron system uses novel helical undulators to create a powerful photon beam from the main electron beam. This beam is passed through a titanium target to convert it into electron-positron pairs. The target is constructed as a 1 m diameter wheel spinning at 2000 RPM to smear the 1 ms ILC pulse train over 10 cm. A pulsed flux concentrating magnet is used to increase the positron capture efficiency. It is cooled to liquid nitrogen temperatures to maximize the flatness of the magnetic field over the 1 ms ILC pulse train. We report on prototyping effort on this system.

Gronberg, J; Brooksby, C; Piggott, T; Abbott, R; Javedani, J; Cook, E

2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

78

A Tool Suite to Prototype Pervasive Computing Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

covering the development life- cycle of a pervasive computing system. This tool suite comprises a domain to deployment and test. Our approach We propose an approach that covers the development life- cycleSpecapplication 3 546 7 1 ArchitectureTaxonomy 2 Figure 1. Development life-cycle A. A design language for pervasive

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

79

A Computuerized Operator Support System Prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A report was published by the Idaho National Laboratory in September of 2012, entitled Design to Achieve Fault Tolerance and Resilience, which described the benefits of automating operator actions for transients. The report identified situations in which providing additional automation in lieu of operator actions would be advantageous. It recognized that managing certain plant upsets is sometimes limited by the operators ability to quickly diagnose the fault and to take the needed actions in the time available. Undoubtedly, technology is underutilized in the nuclear power industry for operator assistance during plant faults and operating transients. In contrast, other industry sectors have amply demonstrated that various forms of operator advisory systems can enhance operator performance while maintaining the role and responsibility of the operator as the independent and ultimate decision-maker. A computerized operator support system (COSS) is proposed for use in nuclear power plants to assist control room operators in addressing time-critical plant upsets. A COSS is a collection of technologies to assist operators in monitoring overall plant performance and making timely, informed decisions on appropriate control actions for the projected plant condition. The COSS does not supplant the role of the operator, but rather provides rapid assessments, computations, and recommendations to reduce workload and augment operator judgment and decision-making during fast-moving, complex events. This project proposes a general model for a control room COSS that addresses a sequence of general tasks required to manage any plant upset: detection, validation, diagnosis, recommendation, monitoring, and recovery. The model serves as a framework for assembling a set of technologies that can be interrelated to assist with each of these tasks. A prototype COSS has been developed in order to demonstrate the concept and provide a test bed for further research. The prototype is based on four underlying elements consisting of a digital alarm system, computer-based procedures, PI&D system representations, and a recommender module for mitigation actions. At this point, the prototype simulates an interface to a sensor validation module and a fault diagnosis module. These two modules will be fully integrated in the next version of the prototype. The initial version of the prototype is now operational at the Idaho National Laboratory using the U.S. Department of Energys Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Human Systems Simulation Laboratory (HSSL). The HSSL is a full-scope, full-scale glass top simulator capable of simulating existing and future nuclear power plant main control rooms. The COSS is interfaced to the Generic Pressurized Water Reactor (gPWR) simulator with industry-typical control board layouts. The glass top panels display realistic images of the control boards that can be operated by touch gestures. A section of the simulated control board was dedicated to the COSS human-system interface (HSI), which resulted in a seamless integration of the COSS into the normal control room environment.

Ken Thomas; Ronald Boring; Roger Lew; Tom Ulrich; Richard Villim

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

A Computuerized Operator Support System Prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A report was published by the Idaho National Laboratory in September of 2012, entitled Design to Achieve Fault Tolerance and Resilience, which described the benefits of automating operator actions for transients. The report identified situations in which providing additional automation in lieu of operator actions would be advantageous. It recognized that managing certain plant upsets is sometimes limited by the operators ability to quickly diagnose the fault and to take the needed actions in the time available. Undoubtedly, technology is underutilized in the nuclear power industry for operator assistance during plant faults and operating transients. In contrast, other industry sectors have amply demonstrated that various forms of operator advisory systems can enhance operator performance while maintaining the role and responsibility of the operator as the independent and ultimate decision-maker. A computerized operator support system (COSS) is proposed for use in nuclear power plants to assist control room operators in addressing time-critical plant upsets. A COSS is a collection of technologies to assist operators in monitoring overall plant performance and making timely, informed decisions on appropriate control actions for the projected plant condition. The COSS does not supplant the role of the operator, but rather provides rapid assessments, computations, and recommendations to reduce workload and augment operator judgment and decision-making during fast-moving, complex events. This project proposes a general model for a control room COSS that addresses a sequence of general tasks required to manage any plant upset: detection, validation, diagnosis, recommendation, monitoring, and recovery. The model serves as a framework for assembling a set of technologies that can be interrelated to assist with each of these tasks. A prototype COSS has been developed in order to demonstrate the concept and provide a test bed for further research. The prototype is based on four underlying elements consisting of a digital alarm system, computer-based procedures, PI&D system representations, and a recommender module for mitigation actions. At this point, the prototype simulates an interface to a sensor validation module and a fault diagnosis module. These two modules will be fully integrated in the next version of the prototype. The initial version of the prototype is now operational at the Idaho National Laboratory using the U.S. Department of Energys Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Human Systems Simulation Laboratory (HSSL). The HSSL is a full-scope, full-scale glass top simulator capable of simulating existing and future nuclear power plant main control rooms. The COSS is interfaced to the Generic Pressurized Water Reactor (gPWR) simulator with industry-typical control board layouts. The glass top panels display realistic images of the control boards that can be operated by touch gestures. A section of the simulated control board was dedicated to the COSS human-system interface (HSI), which resulted in a seamless integration of the COSS into the normal control room environment.

Ken Thomas; Ronald Boring; Roger Lew; Tom Ulrich; Richard Villim

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Prototype system brings advantages of wireless technology to...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Advantages of wireless, compared to a wired system, include lower cost, greater reliability and freedom of movement. Read more. Prototype system brings advantages of wireless...

82

Development and Demonstration of a Prototype Omnivorous Engine  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of a Prototype Omnivorous Engine Christopher Cooney, Thomas Wallner, Steve McConnell Argonne National Laboratory DEER 2009 - Directions in Engine - Efficiency and Emissions...

83

PROTOTYPE PROGRAMMATIC AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

and Conservation Block Grant Program, the State Energy Plan, and the Weatherization Assistance Program. PROTOTYPE PROGRAMMATIC AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF...

84

PERFORMANCE OF THE CEBAF PROTOTYPE CRYOMODULE RENASCENCE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The prototype cryomodule Renascence was constructed as an energy building block for securing 6 GeV operation of CEBAF and to validate design elements for future CEBAF upgrade modules. These elements include the new HG and LL 7-cell cavity designs and a new tuner design.[1,2] Issues were identified during initial testing in 2005. The module has been reworked to address the issues with thermal stability, component breakage, and tuner motion. In addition, opportunity was taken to employ upgraded cleaning and assembly techniques for the cavity string. The HOM coupler heating issue was resolved, and seven of the eight cavities in the cryomodule have run stably at an average of 20 MV/m CW. The cryogenic, rf, and mechanical performance of the cryomodule are presented. Commissioning in CEBAF has just been completed in October 2007.

Charles Reece; Edward Daly; G. Davis; Michael Drury; William Hicks; Joseph Preble; Haipeng Wang

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

85

Test of Two NB Superstructure Prototypes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An alternative layout of the TESLA linear collider [1], based on weakly coupled multi-cell superconducting structures (superstructures), significantly reduces investment cost due to a simplification in the RF system of the main accelerator. In January 1999, preparation of the beam test of the superstructure began in order to prove the feasibility of this layout. Progress in the preparation was reported frequently in Proceedings of TESLA Collaboration Meetings. Last year, two superstructures were installed in the TESLA Test Facility (TTF) linac at DESY to experimentally verify: methods to balance the accelerating gradient in a weakly coupled system, the stability of the energy gain for the entire train of bunches in macro-pulses and the damping of Higher Order Modes (HOMs). We present results of the first cold and beam test of these two Nb prototypes.

Sekutowicz, J.

2004-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

86

Seamless Energy Management Systems Part II: Development of Prototype  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seamless Energy Management Systems Part II: Development of Prototype Core Elements Final Project System #12;#12;Seamless Energy Management Systems Part II: Development of Prototype Core Elements Final Center (PSERC) research project entitled "Seamless Energy Management Systems" (S-53G for 2013

87

Development of Wind Turbines Prototyping Software Under Matlab/Simulink  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

204 1 Development of Wind Turbines Prototyping Software Under Matlab/Simulink® Through present the development of a wind turbine prototyping software under Matlab/Simulink® through and the end of 1999, around 75% of all new grid-connected wind turbines worldwide were installed in Europe [3

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

88

WP3 Prototype development for operational planning tool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WP3 Prototype development for operational planning tool Kristoffersen, T., Meibom, P., Risø DTU: Kristoffersen, T., Meibom, P. Title: WP3 Prototype development for operational planning tool Department: System and forced outages in the two main components of the Wilmar Planning tool namely the Scenario Tree Tool

89

Creating Works-Like Prototypes of Mechanical Objects Bongjin Koo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of creating works-like prototypes. Designers are increasingly turning to 3D printing as a tool for fab Graphics]: Computational Ge- ometry and Object Modeling--Geometric algorithms. Keywords: fabrication, 3D printing, sketch-based modeling Links: DL PDF WEB VIDEO 1 Introduction Creating physical prototypes

Agrawala, Maneesh

90

Enhancements to ASHRAE Standard 90.1 Prototype Building Models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report focuses on enhancements to prototype building models used to determine the energy impact of various versions of ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1. Since the last publication of the prototype building models, PNNL has made numerous enhancements to the original prototype models compliant with the 2004, 2007, and 2010 editions of Standard 90.1. Those enhancements are described here and were made for several reasons: (1) to change or improve prototype design assumptions; (2) to improve the simulation accuracy; (3) to improve the simulation infrastructure; and (4) to add additional detail to the models needed to capture certain energy impacts from Standard 90.1 improvements. These enhancements impact simulated prototype energy use, and consequently impact the savings estimated from edition to edition of Standard 90.1.

Goel, Supriya; Athalye, Rahul A.; Wang, Weimin; Zhang, Jian; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Xie, YuLong; Hart, Philip R.; Mendon, Vrushali V.

2014-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

91

Development of a prototype lignin concentration sensor. Final report. Draft  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ultimate objective of the DOE-sponsored program discussed in this report is to commercialize an instrument for real-time, in-situ measurement of lignin in wood pulp at a variety of locations in the pulp process stream. The instrument will be used as a primary sensor for process control in the pulp and paper industry. Work done by B&W prior to the initiation of this program had shown: there is a functional relationship between the fluorescence intensity and the Kappa number as measured at the pulp mill laboratory. Kappa number is a standard wet chemical method for determination of the lignin concentration; the relationship is one of decreasing intensity with Kappa number, indicating operation in the quenched fluorescence regime; a great deal of scatter in the data. Because of the preliminary nature of the study, the origin of the scatter was not identified. This report documents the results of laboratory measurements made on a variety of well defined pulp samples to generate the data necessary to: determine the feasibility of an instrument for on-line lignin concentration measurement using laser fluorescence; identify the preferred measurement strategy; define the range of applicability of the instrument; and to provide background information to guide the design of a field-worthy prototype.

Jeffers, L.A.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

High efficiency radioisotope thermophotovoltaic prototype generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generator space power system (RTPV) is lightweight, low-cost alternative to the present radioisotope thermoelectric generator system (RTG). The fabrication of such an RTPV generator has recently become feasible as the result of the invention of the GaSb infrared sensitive photovoltaic cell. Herein, the authors present the results of a parametric study of emitters and optical filters in conjuction with existing data on gallium antimonide cells. They compare a polished tungsten emitter with an Erbia selective emitter for use in combination with a simple dielectric filter and a gallium antimonide cell array. They find that the polished tungsten emitter is by itself a very selective emitter with low emissivity beyond 4 microns. Given a gallium antimonide cell and a tungsten emitter, a simple dielectric filter can be designed to transmit radiant energy below 1.7 microns and to reflect radiant energy between 1.7 and 4 microns back to the emitter. Because of the low long wavelength emissivity associated with the polished tungsten emitter, this simple dielectric filter then yields very respectable system performance. Also as a result of the longer wavelength fall-off in the tungsten emissivity curve, the radiation energy peak for a polished tungsten emitter operating at 1300 K shifts to shorter wavelengths relative to the blackbody spectrum so that the radiated energy peak falls right at the gallium antimonide cell bandedge. The result is that the response of the gallium antimonide cell is well matched to a polished tungsten emitter. The authors propose, therefore, to fabricate an operating prototype of a near term radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generator design consisting of a polished tungsten emitter, standard gallium antimonide cells, and a near-term dielectric filter.

Avery, J.E.; Samaras, J.E.; Fraas, L.M.; Ewell, R. [JX Crystals, Inc., Issaquah, WA (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

An analysis of early stage prototypes using implementation, look and feel, and role  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identifying the purpose of a prototype is central to making informed decisions about the kind of prototype to build. Houde and Hill (1997) propose a model for classifying prototypes according to their purpose and the design ...

Hernley, Lauren R. (Lauren Renee)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

THE PROTOTYPE ALUMINUM - CARBON SINGLE, DOUBLE, AND TRIPLE BONDS: Al - CH3, Al = CH2, AND Al. = CH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

three prototype Table II. aluminum-carbon bonds and theirPhysics THE PROTOTYPE ALUMINUM - CARBON SINGLE, DOUBLE, ANDLBL-l0871 The Prototype Aluminum - Carbon Single, Double.

Fox, Douglas J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

MOWII Webinar: OCGen Prototype Testing: Evaluating Buoyancy Pod...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Tidal Energy Development MOWII Webinar: OCGen Prototype Testing: Evaluating Buoyancy PodTension Leg Platforms for Tidal Energy Development November 13, 2014 10:00AM to 10:45AM...

96

Design & implementation of a wireless sensor prototyping kit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years, wireless sensor networks (WSN) has become an active area of research among computer scientists. In this work, JONA, a prototyping kit for wireless sensors, will be described. The intention of this kit is ...

Hope, Jamison Roger

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Prototype Spallation Neutron Source Rotating Target Assembly Final Test Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A full-scale prototype of an extended vertical shaft, rotating target assembly based on a conceptual target design for a 1 to 3-MW spallation facility was built and tested. Key elements of the drive/coupling assembly implemented in the prototype include high integrity dynamic face seals, commercially available bearings, realistic manufacturing tolerances, effective monitoring and controls, and fail-safe shutdown features. A representative target disk suspended on a 3.5 meter prototypical shaft was coupled with the drive to complete the mechanical tests. Successful operation for 5400 hours confirmed the overall mechanical feasibility of the extended vertical shaft rotating target concept. The prototype system showed no indications of performance deterioration and the equipment did not require maintenance or relubrication.

McManamy, Thomas J [ORNL; Graves, Van [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Garmendia, Amaia Zarraoa [IDOM Bilbao; Sorda, Fernando [ESS Bilbao; Etxeita, Borja [IDOM Bilbao; Rennich, Mark J [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Design and prototyping methods for brushless motors and motor control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this report, simple, low-cost design and prototyping methods for custom brushless permanent magnet synchronous motors are explored. Three case-study motors are used to develop, illustrate and validate the methods. Two ...

Colton, Shane W. (Shane William)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Design and implementation of a prototype generator monitoring system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A PROTOTYPE GENERATOR MONITORING SYSTEM A Thesis JIANYONG SUN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May... 1996 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A PROTOTYPE GENERATOR MONITORING SYSTEM A Thesis by JIANYONG SUN Submitted to Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...

Sun, Jianyong

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Status report on ESF-related prototype testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides information on the Prototype Testing performed in the G-Tunnel on the Nevada Test Site by the Yucca Mountain Project form April 1988 to November 1989. The Testing Program was implemented to ensure that the Exploratory Shaft Facility (ESF) tests can be completed in the time available and to develop instruments, equipment, and procedures so the ESF tests can collect reliable and representative site characterization data. This report summarizes the ESF prototype tests and presents preliminary results.

Oliver, R.D.; Kalia, H.N. [comps.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Development and Analysis of Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioner Prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the design of a desiccant enhanced evaporative air conditioner (DEVAP AC) prototype and the testing to prove its performance. Previous numerical modeling and building energy simulations indicate a DEVAP AC can save significant energy compared to a conventional vapor compression AC (Kozubal et al. 2011). The purposes of this research were to build DEVAP prototypes, test them to validate the numerical model, and identify potential commercialization barriers.

Kozubal, E.; Woods, J.; Judkoff, R.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Application of a unified deformation-rate law to stress relaxation of AISI Type 316 stainless steel. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A unified deformation rate law is presented and its use at describing stress-relaxation in cladding material is examined. An equation is derived based on the classical theory of rate processes for type 316 stainless steel (the reference fuel-cladding material). In this framework, a strain-rate law is evolved from the concept that plastic deformation is controlled by the rate at which dislocations move past obstacles by thermal activation.

DiMelfi, R.J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Applying observations of work activity in designing prototype data analysis tools  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Designers, implementers, and marketers of data analysis tools typically have different perspectives than users. Consequently, data analysis often find themselves using tools focused on graphics and programming concepts rather than concepts which reflect their own domain and the context of their work. Some user studies focus on usability tests late in development; others observe work activity, but fail to show how to apply that knowledge in design. This paper describes a methodology for applying observations of data analysis work activity in prototype tool design. The approach can be used both in designing improved data analysis tools, and customizing visualization environments to specific applications. We present an example of user-centered design for a prototype tool to cull large data sets. We revisit the typical graphical approach of animating a large data set from the point of view of an analysis who is culling data. Field evaluations using the prototype tool not only revealed valuable usability information, but initiated in-depth discussions about user`s work, tools, technology, and requirements.

Springmeyer, R.R.

1993-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

104

Value Proposition for High Lifetime (p-type) and Thin Silicon Materials in Solar PV Applications: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most silicon PV road maps forecast a continued reduction in wafer thickness, despite rapid declines in the primary incentive for doing so -- polysilicon feedstock price. Another common feature of most silicon-technology forecasts is the quest for ever-higher device performance at the lowest possible costs. The authors present data from device-performance and manufacturing- and system-installation cost models to quantitatively establish the incentives for manufacturers to pursue advanced (thin) wafer and (high efficiency) cell technologies, in an age of reduced feedstock prices. This analysis exhaustively considers the value proposition for high lifetime (p-type) silicon materials across the entire c-Si PV supply chain.

Goodrich, A.; Woodhouse, M.; Hacke, P.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Alstom's Chemical Looping Combustion Prototype for CO{sub 2} Capture from Existing Pulverized Coal-Fired Power Plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Alstoms Limestone Chemical Looping (LCL) process has the potential to capture CO{sub 2} from new and existing coal-fired power plants while maintaining high plant power generation efficiency. This new power plant concept is based on a hybrid combustion- gasification process utilizing high temperature chemical and thermal looping technology. This process could also be potentially configured as a hybrid combustion-gasification process producing a syngas or hydrogen for various applications while also producing a separate stream of CO{sub 2} for use or sequestration. The targets set for this technology is to capture over 90% of the total carbon in the coal at cost of electricity which is less than 20% greater than Conventional PC or CFB units. Previous work with bench scale test and a 65 kWt Process Development Unit Development (PDU) has validated the chemistry required for the chemical looping process and provided for the investigation of the solids transport mechanisms and design requirements. The objective of this project is to continue development of the combustion option of chemical looping (LCL-C) by designing, building and testing a 3 MWt prototype facility. The prototype includes all of the equipment that is required to operate the chemical looping plant in a fully integrated manner with all major systems in service. Data from the design, construction, and testing will be used to characterize environmental performance, identify and address technical risks, reassess commercial plant economics, and develop design information for a demonstration plant planned to follow the proposed Prototype. A cold flow model of the prototype will be used to predict operating conditions for the prototype and help in operator training. Operation of the prototype will provide operator experience with this new technology and performance data of the LCL-C process, which will be applied to the commercial design and economics and plan for a future demonstration plant.

Andrus, Herbert; Chiu, John; Edberg, Carl; Thibeault, Paul; Turek, David

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

106

Hydrothermal synthesis of nanocubes of sillenite type compounds for photovoltaic applications and solar energy conversion of carbon dioxide to fuels  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to formation of nanocubes of sillenite type compounds, such as bismuth titanate, i.e., Bi.sub.12TiO.sub.20, nanocubes, via a hydrothermal synthesis process, with the resulting compound(s) having multifunctional properties such as being useful in solar energy conversion, environmental remediation, and/or energy storage, for example. In one embodiment, a hydrothermal method is disclosed that transforms nanoparticles of TiO.sub.2 to bismuth titanate, i.e., Bi.sub.12TiO.sub.20, nanocubes, optionally loaded with palladium nanoparticles. The method includes reacting titanium dioxide nanotubes with a bismuth salt in an acidic bath at a temperature sufficient and for a time sufficient to form bismuth titanate crystals, which are subsequently annealed to form bismuth titanate nanocubes. After annealing, the bismuth titanate nanocubes may be optionally loaded with nano-sized metal particles, e.g., nanosized palladium particles.

Subramanian, Vaidyanathan; Murugesan, Sankaran

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

107

Design of the Prototypical Cryomodule for the EUROTRANS Superconducting Linac for Nuclear Waste Transmutation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of the Prototypical Cryomodule for the EUROTRANS Superconducting Linac for Nuclear Waste Transmutation

Barbanotti, S; Blache, P; Commeaux, C; Duthil, P; Panzeri, N; Pierini, P; Rampnoux, E; Souli, M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Biointrusion test plan for the Permanent Isolation Surface Barrier Prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides a testing and monitoring plan for the biological component of the prototype barrier slated for construction at the Hanford Site. The prototype barrier is an aboveground structure engineered to demonstrate the basic features of an earthen cover system. It is designed to permanently isolate waste from the biosphere. The features of the barrier include multiple layers of soil and rock materials and a low-permeability asphalt sublayer. The surface of the barrier consists of silt loam soil, covered with plants. The barrier sides are reinforced with rock or coarse earthen-fill to protect against wind and water erosion. The sublayers inhibit plant and animal intrusion and percolation of water. A series of tests will be conducted on the prototype barrier over the next several years to evaluate barrier performance under extreme climatic conditions. Plants and animals will play a significant role in the hydrologic and water and wind erosion characteristics of the prototype barrier. Studies on the biological component of the prototype barrier will include work on the initial revegetation of the surface, continued monitoring of the developing plant community, rooting depth and dispersion in the context of biointrusion potential, the role of plants in the hydrology of the surface and toe regions of the barrier, the role of plants in stabilizing the surface against water and wind erosion, and the role of burrowing animals in the hydrology and water and wind erosion of the barrier.

Link, S.O.; Cadwell, L.L.; Brandt, C.A.; Downs, J.L.; Rossi, R.E.; Gee, G.W.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

High quality Y-type hexaferrite thick films for microwave applications by an economical and environmentally benign crystal growth technique  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thick barium hexaferrite Ba{sub 2}Zn{sub 2}Fe{sub 12}O{sub 22} (i.e., Zn{sub 2}Y) films having thicknesses of ?100??m were epitaxially grown on MgO (111) substrates using an environmentally benign ferrite-salt mixture by vaporizing the salt. X-ray diffraction pole figure analyses showed (00l) crystallographic alignment with little in plane dispersion confirming epitaxial growth. Saturation magnetization, 4?M{sub s}, was measured for as-grown films to be 2.51??0.1?kG with an out of plane magnetic anisotropy field H{sub A} of 8.9??0.1?kOe. Ferromagnetic resonance linewidth, as the peak-to-peak power absorption derivative at 9.6?GHz, was measured to be 62?Oe. These properties demonstrate a rapid, convenient, cost-effective, and nontoxic method of growing high quality thick crystalline ferrite films which could be used widely for microwave device applications.

Hu, Bolin; Chen, Yajie, E-mail: y.chen@neu.edu; Gillette, Scott; Su, Zhijuan; Harris, Vincent G. [Center for Microwave Magnetic Materials and Integrated Circuits and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 (United States); Wolf, Jason; McHenry, Michael E. [Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)

2014-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

110

Prototype Vector Machine for Large Scale Semi-Supervised Learning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Practicaldataminingrarelyfalls exactlyinto the supervisedlearning scenario. Rather, the growing amount of unlabeled data poses a big challenge to large-scale semi-supervised learning (SSL). We note that the computationalintensivenessofgraph-based SSLarises largely from the manifold or graph regularization, which in turn lead to large models that are dificult to handle. To alleviate this, we proposed the prototype vector machine (PVM), a highlyscalable,graph-based algorithm for large-scale SSL. Our key innovation is the use of"prototypes vectors" for effcient approximation on both the graph-based regularizer and model representation. The choice of prototypes are grounded upon two important criteria: they not only perform effective low-rank approximation of the kernel matrix, but also span a model suffering the minimum information loss compared with the complete model. We demonstrate encouraging performance and appealing scaling properties of the PVM on a number of machine learning benchmark data sets.

Zhang, Kai; Kwok, James T.; Parvin, Bahram

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

111

Design and Construction of Prototype Dark Matter Detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Lepton Quark Studies (LQS) group is engaged in searching for dark matter using the Dark Matter Time Projection Chamber (DMTPC) at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) (Carlsbad, NM). DMTPC is a direction-sensitive dark matter detector designed to measure the recoil direction and energy deposited by fluorine nuclei recoiling from the interaction with incident WIMPs. In the past year, the major areas of progress have been: #15; to publish the #12;first dark matter search results from a surface run of the DMTPC prototype detector, #15; to build and install the 10L prototype in the underground laboratory at WIPP which will house the 1 m{sup 3} detector, and #15; to demonstrate charge and PMT readout of the TPC using prototype detectors, which allow triggering and #1;{Delta}z measurement to be used in the 1 m{sup 3} detector under development.

Peter Fisher

2012-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

112

Boron-10 ABUNCL Prototype Initial Testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security (NA-241) is supporting the project Coincidence Counting With Boron-Based Alternative Neutron Detection Technology at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the development of a 3He proportional counter alternative neutron coincidence counter. The goal of this project is to design, build and demonstrate a system based upon 10B-lined proportional tubes in a configuration typical for 3He-based coincidence counter applications. This report provides results of initial testing of an Alternative Boron-Based Uranium Neutron Coincidence Collar (ABUNCL) design built by General Electric Reuter-Stokes. Several configurations of the ABUNCL models, which use 10B-lined proportional counters in place of 3He proportional counters for the neutron detection elements, were previously reported. The ABUNCL tested is of a different design than previously modeled. Initial experimental testing of the as-delivered passive ABUNCL was performed, and modeling will be conducted. Testing of the system reconfigured for active testing will be performed in the near future, followed by testing with nuclear fuel.

Kouzes, Richard T.; Ely, James H.; Lintereur, Azaree T.; Siciliano, Edward R.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Development of a Low Cost Heat Pump Water Heater - First Prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Until now the heat pump water heater (HPWH) has been a technical success but a market failure because of its high initial cost. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was tasked to examine commercially available HPWH product technology and manufacturing processes for cost saving opportunities. ORNL was also tasked to verify the technical feasibility of the cost saving opportunities where necessary and appropriate. The objective was to retain most of the HPWH s energy saving performance while reducing cost and simple payback period to approximately three years in a residential application. Several cost saving opportunities were found. Immersing the HPWH condenser directly into the tank allowed the water-circulating pump to be eliminated and a standard electric resistance storage water heater to be used. In addition, designs could be based on refrigerator compressors. Standard water heaters and refrigerator compressors are both reliable, mass produced, and low cost. To verify the feasibility of these cost saving measures, ORNL completed a conceptual design for an HPWH based on an immersed condenser coil that could be directly inserted into a standard water heater tank through a sleeve affixed to one of the standard penetrations at the top of the tank. The sleeve contour causes the bayonet-style condenser to helix while being pushed into the tank, enabling a condenser of sufficient heat transfer surface area to be inserted. Based on this design, ORNL fabricated the first laboratory prototype and completed preliminary laboratory tests in accordance with the DOE Simulated Use Test Procedure. Hardening during double-wall condenser fabrication was not overcome, so the prototype is single-walled with a liner. The prototype unit was found to have an energy factor of 2.02, verifying that the low-cost design retains most of the HPWH s energy saving performance. Industry involvement is being sought to resolve the fabrication issue and quantify progress on reducing cost and simple payback period to approximately three years in a residential application. This report provides information on the design, prototype construction, laboratory test data, and analyses of this HPWH.

Mei, V. C. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Retired); Tomlinson, J. J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Retired)

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Color Rapid Prototyping for Diffusion-Tensor MRI Visualization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Laidlaw, Christopher W. Bull Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA a) b) c) Fig. 1. (a,b) A plaster color rapid prototyping (RP) plaster mod- els as visualization tools to support scientific research by the printer software. These layers are then manufactured by putting down a thin layer of plaster powder

Laidlaw, David

115

MATLAB tensor classes for fast algorithm prototyping : source code.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the source code for three MATLAB classes for manipulating tensors in order to allow fast algorithm prototyping. A tensor is a multidimensional or Nway array. This is a supplementary report; details on using this code are provided separately in SAND-XXXX.

Bader, Brett William; Kolda, Tamara Gibson (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA)

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Carbon Fiber Components with Integrated Wiring for Millirobot Prototyping *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon Fiber Components with Integrated Wiring for Millirobot Prototyping * Ranjana Sahai Erik a simple four bar mechanism as an example. Finally, the tests show that the wiring loop over a flexure the folded stainless steel triangles and polyester flexures. Hence, we decided to use carbon fiber instead

Fearing, Ron

117

Hydrodynamic Tesla Wheel Flume for Model and Prototype Testing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Tesla turbine, U.S. Patent 1,061,206 -- May 6, 1913 was invented by Nikola Tesla as a means to extractHydrodynamic Tesla Wheel Flume for Model and Prototype Testing Spencer Jenkins, Chris Scott, Jacob Engineering department at Florida Institute of Technology (Florida Tech) has developed a Hydrodynamic Tesla

Wood, Stephen L.

118

Los Alamos National Laboratory Prototype Fabrication Division CNM Briefing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Prototype Fabrication Division designs, programs, manufactures, and inspects on-site high quality, diverse material parts and components that can be delivered at the pace the customer needs to meet their mission. Our goal is to bring vision to reality in the name of science.

Hidalgo, Stephen P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Keyser, Richard J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

119

A Prototype Robot Speech Interface with Multimodal Feedback Mathias Haage+  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of industrial robot arms. The aim of the prototype is to develop a speech system for designing robot trajectories that would fit well with current CAD paradigms. 1 Introduction Industrial robot programming developed for studying multimodal user interfaces in the context of industrial robot programming [5

Nugues, Pierre

120

E-Print Network 3.0 - application-oriented problem solving Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

by screen shots produced... to the prototypical architecture of application- oriented NLG systems and their ... Source: Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL)...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

DEVELOPMENT OF A LOW COST INFERENTIAL NATURAL GAS ENERGY FLOW RATE PROTOTYPE RETROFIT MODULE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1998, Southwest Research Institute began a multi-year project to develop a working prototype instrument module for natural gas energy measurement. The module will be used to retrofit a natural gas custody transfer flow meter for energy measurement, at a cost an order of magnitude lower than a gas chromatograph. Development and evaluation of the prototype energy meter in 2002-2003 included: (1) refinement of the algorithm used to infer properties of the natural gas stream, such as heating value; (2) evaluation of potential sensing technologies for nitrogen content, improvements in carbon dioxide measurements, and improvements in ultrasonic measurement technology and signal processing for improved speed of sound measurements; (3) design, fabrication and testing of a new prototype energy meter module incorporating these algorithm and sensor refinements; and (4) laboratory and field performance tests of the original and modified energy meter modules. Field tests of the original energy meter module have provided results in close agreement with an onsite gas chromatograph. The original algorithm has also been tested at a field site as a stand-alone application using measurements from in situ instruments, and has demonstrated its usefulness as a diagnostic tool. The algorithm has been revised to use measurement technologies existing in the module to measure the gas stream at multiple states and infer nitrogen content. The instrumentation module has also been modified to incorporate recent improvements in CO{sub 2} and sound speed sensing technology. Laboratory testing of the upgraded module has identified additional testing needed to attain the target accuracy in sound speed measurements and heating value.

E. Kelner; D. George; T. Morrow; T. Owen; M. Nored; R. Burkey; A. Minachi

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Wave-Energy Company Looks to Test Prototypes in Maine Waters...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Wave-Energy Company Looks to Test Prototypes in Maine Waters Wave-Energy Company Looks to Test Prototypes in Maine Waters April 9, 2010 - 4:19pm Addthis Lindsay Gsell Resolute...

123

Description of the prototype diagnostic residual gas analyzer for ITER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The diagnostic residual gas analyzer (DRGA) system to be used during ITER tokamak operation is being designed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to measure fuel ratios (deuterium and tritium), fusion ash (helium), and impurities in the plasma. The eventual purpose of this instrument is for machine protection, basic control, and physics on ITER. Prototyping is ongoing to optimize the hardware setup and measurement capabilities. The DRGA prototype is comprised of a vacuum system and measurement technologies that will overlap to meet ITER measurement requirements. Three technologies included in this diagnostic are a quadrupole mass spectrometer, an ion trap mass spectrometer, and an optical penning gauge that are designed to document relative and absolute gas concentrations.

Younkin, T. R., E-mail: tyounkin@gatech.edu [Fusion and Materials for Nuclear Systems Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6169 (United States); Georgia Institute of Technology, Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering Nuclear and Radiological Engineering Program, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States); Biewer, T. M.; Klepper, C. C.; Marcus, C. [Fusion and Materials for Nuclear Systems Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6169 (United States)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

High power density test of PXIE MEBT absorber prototype  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the goals of the PXIE program at Fermilab is to demonstrate the capability to form an arbitrary bunch pattern from an initially CW 162.5 MHz H- bunch train coming out of an RFQ. The bunch-by-bunch selection will take place in the 2.1 MeV Medium Energy Beam Transport (MEBT) by directing the undesired bunches onto an absorber that needs to withstand a beam power of up to 21 kW, focused onto a spot with a ~2 mm rms radius. Two prototypes of the absorber were manufactured from molybdenum alloy TZM and tested with a 28 keV DC electron beam up to the peak surface power density required for PXIE, 17W/mm2. Temperatures and flow parameters were measured and compared to analysis. This paper describes the absorber prototypes and key testing results.

Shemyakin, A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Field Testing of Pre-Production Prototype Residential Heat Pump Water Heaters  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Provides and overview of field testing of 18 pre-production prototype residential heat pump water heaters

126

Performance of ALICE pixel prototypes in high energy beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The two innermost layers of the ALICE inner tracking system are instrumented with silicon pixel detectors. Single chip assembly prototypes of the ALICE pixels have been tested in high energy particle beams at the CERN SPS. Detection efficiency and spatial precision have been studied as a function of the threshold and the track incidence angle. The experimental method, data analysis and main results are presented.

D. Elia

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

127

Development and Demonstration of a Prototype Omnivorous Engine | Department  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models |Conduct, Parent Companya new high capacityof Energy Prototype

128

A Comparison of Two Prototype Laser-Optical Firing Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design and characterization of small, ruggedized laser-optical subsystems is required for the continued development of robust laser-optical firing systems. Typically, these subsystems must be capable of generating the needed laser optical energy, delivering that energy via fiber-optical cables while taking up occupying a volume as small as possible. A novel beam splitting and fiber injection scheme has been proposed which utilizes two diffractive optical components. These components were utilized to reduce the volume of a previously designed system. A laser-optical prototype system was assembled and tested which utilized this beam splitting and fiber injection scheme along other modifications to the laser module and the power supply. This prototype was based on earlier designs that utilized environmentally proven opto-mechanical sub-assemblies. The system was tested to characterize the laser performance, the splitter-coupler transmission efficiency, channel-to-channel energy balance and fiber interchangeability. The results obtained for this design will be compared to the performance of a prototype system based on a more traditional beam splitting and fiber injection scheme. The traditional design utilized partially reflecting mirrors for beam splitting and plano-convex lenses for fiber injection. These results will be discussed as will their ultimate impact on future designs and packaging strategies.

Gregg L. Morelli; Michelle R. Bright

2008-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

129

The EUs Emissions Trading Scheme: A Proto-Type Global System?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The European Union's Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the world's first multinational cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gases. As an agreement between sovereign nations with diverse historical, institutional, and ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

1 Imbedded Heat Pipe Prototype Modelling, Design, and Construction for Particle Ac-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Imbedded Heat Pipe Prototype Modelling, Design, and Construction for Particle Ac- celerator for predicting heat pipe performance has been generated and a design based on the results of that model has been implemented. A prototype heat pipe is under construction to test the validity of the model. The prototype

Cinabro, David

131

Design of a re-configurable test stand for a multi degree of freedom compliant robot prototype  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A test stand was designed and constructed to compress a compliant robot prototype, while measuring the force applied and the displacement of the prototype's end. The prototype is a five degree of freedom, compliant device, ...

Klenk, Daniel E

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

A prototype on-line work procedure system for radioisotope thermoelectric generator production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An on-line system to manage work procedures is being developed to support radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) assembly and testing in a new production facility. This system implements production work procedures as interactive electronic documents executed at the work site with no intermediate printed form. It provides good control of the creation and application of work procedures and provides active assistance to the worker in performing them and in documenting the results. An extensive prototype of this system is being evaluated to ensure that it will have all the necessary features and that it will fit the user's needs and expectations. This effort has involved the Radioisotope Power Systems Facility (RPSF) operations organization and technology transfer between Westinghouse Hanford Company (Westinghouse Hanford) and EG G Mound Applied Technologies Inc. (Mound) at the US Department of Energy (DOE) Mound Site. 1 ref.

Kiebel, G.R.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

First prototype of a silicon tracker using an artificial retina for fast track finding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the R\\&D for a first prototype of a silicon tracker based on an alternative approach for fast track finding. The working principle is inspired from neurobiology, in particular by the processing of visual images by the brain as it happens in nature. It is based on extensive parallelisation of data distribution and pattern recognition. In this work we present the design of a practical device that consists of a telescope based on single-sided silicon detectors; we describe the data acquisition system and the implementation of the track finding algorithms using available digital logic of commercial FPGA devices. Tracking performance and trigger capabilities of the device are discussed along with perspectives for future applications.

N. Neri; A. Abba; F. Caponio; M. Citterio; S. Coelli; J. Fu; A. Geraci; M. Monti; M. Petruzzo; F. Bedeschi; P. Marino; M. J. Morello; A. Piucci; G. Punzi; F. Spinella; S. Stracka; J. Walsh; L. Ristori; D. Tonelli

2014-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

134

NADIR: A prototype system for detecting network and file system abuse  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the design of a prototype computer misuse detection system for the Los Alamos Notional Laboratory's Integrated Computing Network (ICN). This automated expert system, the Network Anomaly Detection and Intrusion Reporter (NADIR), streamlines and supplements the manual audit record review traditionally performed by security auditors. NADIR compares network activity, as summarized in weekly profiles of individual users and the ICN as a whole, against expert rules that define security policy, improper or suspicious behavior, and normal user activity. NADIR reports suspicious behavior to security auditors and provides tools to aid in follow-up investigations. This paper describes analysis by NADIR of two types of ICN activity: user authentication and access control, and mass file storage. It highlights system design issues of data handling, exploiting existing auditing systems, and performing audit analysis at the network level.

Hochberg, J.G.; Jackson, K.A.; Stallings, C.A.; McClary, J.F.; DuBois, D.H.; Ford, J.R.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

NADIR: A prototype system for detecting network and file system abuse  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the design of a prototype computer misuse detection system for the Los Alamos Notional Laboratory`s Integrated Computing Network (ICN). This automated expert system, the Network Anomaly Detection and Intrusion Reporter (NADIR), streamlines and supplements the manual audit record review traditionally performed by security auditors. NADIR compares network activity, as summarized in weekly profiles of individual users and the ICN as a whole, against expert rules that define security policy, improper or suspicious behavior, and normal user activity. NADIR reports suspicious behavior to security auditors and provides tools to aid in follow-up investigations. This paper describes analysis by NADIR of two types of ICN activity: user authentication and access control, and mass file storage. It highlights system design issues of data handling, exploiting existing auditing systems, and performing audit analysis at the network level.

Hochberg, J.G.; Jackson, K.A.; Stallings, C.A.; McClary, J.F.; DuBois, D.H.; Ford, J.R.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Typed Self-Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

type T y[O]. The operator IsIs is self-applicative, in thatargument t is any of Is[O] or IsIs, and otherwise behavesproof constant introduced by IsIs proves that the type of t

Brown, Matt

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Design of high efficiency blowers for future aerosol applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blower performance measurement test-rig. ....................................................47 xii Page Figure 20 Pressure recovery for different venturi types (FLOW-DYNE Engineering... consumption curves for final-prototype. ........87 Figure 45 Experimental efficiency( )EXP values for final-prototype 70xz_28y. ............88 Figure A-1 Venturi calibration chart...

Chadha, Raman

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

138

Abstract: Componentbased realtime software speeds devel opment and lowers cost of robotics applications. It enables the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

applications. It enables the use of rapid prototyping or incremental software process models. The Chimera. The focus of this paper is how to apply the Chimera Methodology specif­ ically to the development of robotic applications. It enables the use of rapid prototyping or incremental software process models. The Chimera

139

Validation of thermal models for a prototypical MEMS thermal actuator.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents technical work performed to complete the ASC Level 2 Milestone 2841: validation of thermal models for a prototypical MEMS thermal actuator. This effort requires completion of the following task: the comparison between calculated and measured temperature profiles of a heated stationary microbeam in air. Such heated microbeams are prototypical structures in virtually all electrically driven microscale thermal actuators. This task is divided into four major subtasks. (1) Perform validation experiments on prototypical heated stationary microbeams in which material properties such as thermal conductivity and electrical resistivity are measured if not known and temperature profiles along the beams are measured as a function of electrical power and gas pressure. (2) Develop a noncontinuum gas-phase heat-transfer model for typical MEMS situations including effects such as temperature discontinuities at gas-solid interfaces across which heat is flowing, and incorporate this model into the ASC FEM heat-conduction code Calore to enable it to simulate these effects with good accuracy. (3) Develop a noncontinuum solid-phase heat transfer model for typical MEMS situations including an effective thermal conductivity that depends on device geometry and grain size, and incorporate this model into the FEM heat-conduction code Calore to enable it to simulate these effects with good accuracy. (4) Perform combined gas-solid heat-transfer simulations using Calore with these models for the experimentally investigated devices, and compare simulation and experimental temperature profiles to assess model accuracy. These subtasks have been completed successfully, thereby completing the milestone task. Model and experimental temperature profiles are found to be in reasonable agreement for all cases examined. Modest systematic differences appear to be related to uncertainties in the geometric dimensions of the test structures and in the thermal conductivity of the polycrystalline silicon test structures, as well as uncontrolled nonuniform changes in this quantity over time and during operation.

Gallis, Michail A.; Torczynski, John Robert; Piekos, Edward Stanley; Serrano, Justin Raymond; Gorby, Allen D.; Phinney, Leslie Mary

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Medium-fi EvaluationMedium-fi PrototypesMedium-fi DesignLow-fi EvaluationLow-fi Prototypes What is Aphasia?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Medium-fi EvaluationMedium-fi PrototypesMedium-fi DesignLow-fi EvaluationLow-fi Prototypes What Cycle Investigated ability of existing technologies to fulfill needs. Extra time is needed to ensure. Evaluated with two participants. One had aphasia as a result of a brain tumour and the other as a result

Findlater, Leah

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The Linac4 DTL Prototype: Low and High Power Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The prototype of the Linac4 Drift Tube Linac (DTL) has undergone low power measurements in order to verify the RF coupling and to adjust the post-coupler lengths based on bead-pull and spectrum measurements. Following the installation at the test stand, the cavity has been subjected to high power operation at Linac4 and SPL duty cycles. Saturation effects and multipacting have been observed and linked to X-ray emission. Voltage holding is reported in the presence of magnetic fields from permanent magnet quadrupoles (PMQ) installed in the first drift tubes.

De Michele, G; Marques-Balula, J; Ramberger, S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Design of an omnidirectional and holonomic wheeled platform prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the concepts for a new family of wheeled platforms which feature full omnidirectionality with simultaneous and independent rotational and translational motion capabilities. We first describe the original orthogonal-wheels assembly'' on which these platforms are based and discuss how a combination of these assemblies is used to generate an omnidirectional capability. The design and control of a prototype platform developed to test and demonstrate the proposed concepts is then described, and experimental results illustrating the full omnidirectionality of the platform with decoupled rotational and translational degrees of freedom are presented. 15 refs., 9 figs.

Killough, S.M.; Pin, F.G.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Prototype of time digitizing system for BESIII endcap TOF upgrade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The prototype of time digitizing system for the upgrade of BESIII endcap TOF (ETOF) is introduced in this paper. The ETOF readout electronics has a formation of distributed architecture that hit signal from multi-gap resistive plate chamber (MRPC) is signaled as LVDS by front-end electronics (FEE) and sent to the back-end time digitizing system via long shield differential twisted pair cables. The ETOF digitizing system consists of 2 VME crates each of which contains modules of time digitizing, clock, trigger and fast control etc. The time digitizing module (TDIG) of this prototype can support up to 72 electrical channels of hit information measurement. The fast control (FCTL) module can operate at barrel or endcap mode. The barrel FCTL fans fast control signals from the trigger system out to endcap FCTLs, merges data from endcaps and transfers to the trigger system. Without modifying the barrel TOF structure, this time digitizing architecture benefits for improving ETOF performance without degrading barrel TOF measuring. Lab experiments show that the time resolution of this digitizing system can be less than 20ps, and the data throughput to DAQ can be about 92Mbps. Beam experiments show that the complete time resolution can be less than 45ps.

Cao Ping; Sun Wei-Jia; Ji Xiao-Lu; Fan Huan-Huan; Wang Si-Yu; Liu Shu-Bin; An Qi

2013-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

144

Evaluation of Computer-Based Procedure System Prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research effort is a part of the Light-Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program, which is a research and development (R&D) program sponsored by Department of Energy (DOE), performed in close collaboration with industry R&D programs, to provide the technical foundations for licensing and managing the long-term, safe, and economical operation of current nuclear power plants. The LWRS program serves to help the U.S. nuclear industry adopt new technologies and engineering solutions that facilitate the continued safe operation of the plants and extension of the current operating licenses. The introduction of advanced technology in existing nuclear power plants may help to manage the effects of aging systems, structures, and components. In addition, the incorporation of advanced technology in the existing LWR fleet may entice the future workforce, who will be familiar with advanced technology, to work for these utilities rather than more newly built nuclear power plants. Advantages are being sought by developing and deploying technologies that will increase safety and efficiency. One significant opportunity for existing plants to increase efficiency is to phase out the paper-based procedures (PBPs) currently used at most nuclear power plants and replace them, where feasible, with computer-based procedures (CBPs). PBPs have ensured safe operation of plants for decades, but limitations in paper-based systems do not allow them to reach the full potential for procedures to prevent human errors. The environment in a nuclear power plant is constantly changing depending on current plant status and operating mode. PBPs, which are static by nature, are being applied to a constantly changing context. This constraint often results in PBPs that are written in a manner that is intended to cover many potential operating scenarios. Hence, the procedure layout forces the operator to search through a large amount of irrelevant information to locate the pieces of information relevant for the task and situation at hand, which has potential consequences of taking up valuable time when operators must be responding to the situation, and potentially leading operators down an incorrect response path. Other challenges related to PBPs are the management of multiple procedures, place-keeping, finding the correct procedure for the task at hand, and relying on other sources of additional information to ensure a functional and accurate understanding of the current plant status (Converse, 1995; Fink, Killian, Hanes, & Naser, 2009; Le Blanc & Oxstrand, 2012). The main focus of this report is to describe the research activities conducted to address the remaining two objectives; Develop a prototype CBP system based on requirements identified and Evaluate the CBP prototype. The emphasis will be on the evaluation of an initial CBP prototype in at a Nuclear Power Plant.

Johanna Oxstrand; Katya Le Blanc; Seth Hays

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Risk D&D Rapid Prototype: Scenario Documentation and Analysis Tool  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Report describes process and methodology associated with a rapid prototype tool for integrating project risk analysis and health & safety risk analysis for decontamination and decommissioning projects.

Unwin, Stephen D.; Seiple, Timothy E.

2009-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

146

Application Study on Combined Ventilation System of Improving IAQ  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A type of combined ventilating system is put forward in this paper. Through CFD simulation and testing of contaminant concentrations in a prototype residential room, the results demonstrate that the new ventilating system is advantageous...

Hu, S.; Li, G.; Zhang, C.; Ye, B.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Development and Test of a Prototype 100MVA Superconducting Generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2002, General Electric and the US Department of Energy (DOE) entered into a cooperative agreement for the development of a commercialized 100 MVA generator using high temperature superconductors (HTS) in the field winding. The intent of the program was to: Identify and develop technologies that would be needed for such a generator. Develop conceptual designs for generators with ratings of 100 MVA and higher using HTS technology. Perform proof of concept tests at the 1.5 MW level for GEs proprietary warm iron rotor HTS generator concept. Design, build, and test a prototype of a commercially viable 100 MVA generator that could be placed on the power grid. This report summarizes work performed during the program and is provided as one of the final program deliverables.

Fogarty, James M.; Bray, James W.

2007-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

148

Sensor Development and Readout Prototyping for the STAR Pixel Detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is designing a new vertex detector. The purpose of this upgrade detector is to provide high resolution pointing to allow for the direct topological reconstruction of heavy flavor decays such as the D{sup 0} by finding vertices displaced from the collision vertex by greater than 60 microns. We are using Monolithic Active Pixel Sensor (MAPS) as the sensor technology and have a coupled sensor development and readout system plan that leads to a final detector with a <200 {micro}s integration time, 400 M pixels and a coverage of -1 < {eta} < 1. We present our coupled sensor and readout development plan and the status of the prototyping work that has been accomplished.

Greiner, L.; Anderssen, E.; Matis, H.S.; Ritter, H.G.; Stezelberger, T.; Szelezniak, M.; Sun, X.; Vu, C.; Wieman, H.

2009-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

149

Design and Testing of Prototypic Elements Containing Monolithic Fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US fuel development team has performed numerous irradiation tests on small to medium sized specimens containing low enriched uranium fuel designs. The team is now focused on qualification and demonstration of the uranium-molybdenum Base Monolithic Design and has entered the next generation of testing with the design and irradiation of prototypic elements which contain this fuel. The designs of fuel elements containing monolithic fuel, such as AFIP-7 (which is currently under irradiation) and RERTR-FE (which is currently under fabrication), are appropriate progressions relative to the technology life cycle. The culmination of this testing program will occur with the design, fabrication, and irradiation of demonstration products to include the base fuel demonstration and design demonstration experiments. Future plans show that design, fabrication, and testing activities will apply the rigor needed for a demonstration campaign.

N.E. Woolstenhulme; M.K. Meyer; D.M. Wachs

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Test report : Princeton power systems prototype energy storage system.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy Office of Electricity (DOE/OE), Sandia National Laboratory (SNL) and the Base Camp Integration Lab (BCIL) partnered together to incorporate an energy storage system into a microgrid configured Forward Operating Base to reduce the fossil fuel consumption and to ultimately save lives. Energy storage vendors will be sending their systems to SNL Energy Storage Test Pad (ESTP) for functional testing and then to the BCIL for performance evaluation. The technologies that will be tested are electro-chemical energy storage systems comprised of lead acid, lithium-ion or zinc-bromide. Princeton Power Systems has developed an energy storage system that utilizes lithium ion phosphate batteries to save fuel on a military microgrid. This report contains the testing results and some limited analysis of performance of the Princeton Power Systems Prototype Energy Storage System.

Rose, David Martin; Schenkman, Benjamin L.; Borneo, Daniel R.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Final report for 1.7 megajoule prototype bank testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

American Control Engineering is pleased to submit to LLNL this Final Report describing the final assembly and preliminary testing of the 1.7 megajoule prototype capacitor bank that is located at our facility. The purpose of this test program was to evaluate and characterize the performance of this capacitor bank. These tests were necessary in order to proceed with the design of a final building block module that is to be used to create a reliable and cost effective multi-hundred megajoule energy storage system. The period of performance covered by this contract is from January 1, 1991 through August 31, 1992. American Control Engineering has provided all of the necessary facilities, personnel and materials that were required to perform this testing effort (except for the existing capacitor bank, the LLNL provided flashlamp assembly and E-size ignitron switch tube), An overall view of the assembled capacitor bank system as it appeared at the completion of this subcontract is shown. The initial statement-of-work for the testing and characterization of the capacitor bank was as follows: (1) Measure all of the principal electrical parameters for the 1.7 megajoule prototype capacitor bank at low voltage before proceeding to high voltage testing. This low voltage testing is to include measurement of both normal and fault current and voltage waveforms, starting with the smallest building block grouping and proceeding systematically through to the capacitor bank load. (2) Assemble and attach each of the major subsystem elements to the capacitor bank as they are required for low voltage testing including the ignition output switch structure, coaxial transmission line and load assembly. (3) Make comparison of the test results collected through low voltage testing with those forecasted by the computer mode. Evaluate and resolve any discrepancies between the two results until the computer model achieves reasonable agreement with the actual measured test results.

NONE

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Prototype dish testing and analysis at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the past year, Sandia National Laboratories performed on-sun testing of several dish concentrator concepts. These tests were undertaken at the National Solar Thermal Test Facility (NSTTF). Two of the tests were performed in support of the DOE Concentrator Receiver Development Program. The first was on-sun testing of the single-element stretched-membrane dish; this 7-meter diameter dish uses a single preformed metal membrane with an aluminized polyester optical surface and shows potential for future dish-Stirling systems. The next involved two prototype facets from the Faceted Stretched-Membrane Dish Program. These facets, representing competitive design concepts, are closest to commercialization. Five 1-meter triangular facets were tested on-sun as part of the development program for a solar dynamic system on Space Station Freedom. While unique in character, all the tests utilized the Beam Characterization System (BCS) as the main measurement tool and all were analyzed using the Sandia-developed CIRCE2 computer code. The BCS is used to capture and digitize an image of the reflected concentrator beam that is incident on a target surface. The CIRCE2 program provides a computational tool, which when given the geometry of the concentrator and target as well as other design parameters will predict the flux distribution of the reflected beam. One of these parameters, slope error, is the variable that has a major effect in determining the quality of the reflected beam. The methodology used to combine these two tools to predict uniform slope errors for the dishes is discussed in this document. As the Concentrator Development Programs continue, Sandia will test and evaluate two prototype dish systems. The first, the faceted stretched-membrane dish, is expected to be tested in 1992, followed by the full-scale single-element stretched-membrane dish in 1993. These tests will use the tools and methodology discussed in this document. 14 refs., 10 figs., 5 tabs.

Grossman, J.W.; Houser, R.M.; Erdman, W.W.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

A prototype photovoltaic/thermal system integrated with transpired collector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Building-integrated photovoltaic/thermal (BIPV/T) systems may be utilized to produce useful heat while simultaneously generating electricity from the same building envelope surface. A well known highly efficient collector is the open-loop unglazed transpired collector (UTC) which consists of dark porous cladding through which outdoor air is drawn and heated by absorbed solar radiation. Commercially available photovoltaic systems typically produce electricity with efficiencies up to about 18%. Thus, it is beneficial to obtain much of the normally wasted heat from the systems, possibly by combining UTC with photovoltaics. Combination of BIPV/T and UTC systems for building facades is considered in this paper - specifically, the design of a prototype facade-integrated photovoltaic/thermal system with transpired collector (BIPV/T). A full scale prototype is constructed with 70% of UTC area covered with PV modules specially designed to enhance heat recovery and compared to a UTC of the same area under outdoor sunny conditions with low wind. The orientation of the corrugations in the UTC is horizontal and the black-framed modules are attached so as to facilitate flow into the UTC plenum. While the overall combined thermal efficiency of the UTC is higher than that of the BIPV/T system, the value of the generated energy - assuming that electricity is at least four times more valuable than heat - is between 7% and 17% higher. Also, the electricity is always useful while the heat is usually utilized only in the heating season. The BIPV/T concept is applied to a full scale office building demonstration project in Montreal, Canada. The ratio of photovoltaic area coverage of the UTC may be selected based on the fresh air heating needs of the building, the value of the electricity generated and the available building surfaces. (author)

Athienitis, Andreas K.; Bambara, James; O'Neill, Brendan; Faille, Jonathan [Dept. of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 Maisonneuve W., Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

154

Eaton Throat-Valve Element prototype concept. Phase 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of an ongoing effort to improve techniques for simulating nuclear blasts, the US Army Research Laboratory has been studying the merits of computer-controlled valves. The valve studies have been aimed at providing the Department of Defense with the capacity to conduct nuclear blast and thermal survivability testing on full-scale tactical vehicles. This report documents the development and findings of a computer model that simulates the behavior of the Eaton-Throat Valve Element (ETVE) prototype, and describes a proposed modification concept for the ETVE. The computer model reveals three main findings: (1) the ETVE chatters during the open cycle, (2) the chatter is caused by the high gas forces on the sliding sleeve as the driver gas passes through its portholes, and (3) the chatter is aggravated because there is insufficient damping in the system. The INEL recommends opening the ETVE by sliding the sleeve toward the downstream end of the valve instead of toward the upstream end, as the ETVE is presently configured, and to provide additional damping to the system. However, neither of these configuration changes can be achieved easily, and a redesign and analysis f the ETVE must be completed prior to performing any work on the current ETVE prototype. The ETVE simulation model proved to be an extremely valuable tool in analyzing the qualitative nature of the valve`s operation. Further development of the model is recommended for quantitative analysis and design of the ETVE. This report explains the model and stress analysis findings, and proposes a redesign concept.

Stacey, M.R.; Arendts, J.G.; Berry, R.A.; Korth, G.E.; Schwieder, P.R.; Sekot, J.P.; Snow, S.D.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Energy Expenditure Estimation DEMO Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and against the SenseWear, a dedicated commercial product for energy expenditure estimation. Keywords: humanEnergy Expenditure Estimation DEMO Application Bozidara Cvetkovic1,2 , Simon Kozina1,2 , Bostjan://www.mps.si Abstract. The paper presents two prototypes for the estimation of hu- man energy expenditure during normal

Lu?trek, Mitja

156

AN EXTENSIBLE FRAMEWORK FOR FAST PROTOTYPING OF MULTIPROCESSOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such that the application is SDF. This SDF graph is one starting point of the workflow of PREESM (composed of several plug the Synchronous Data Flow graph (SDF) semantic, which is well-suited for signal-oriented applications SDF transformation methods and partitioned on a given multiprocessor architecture. A schedule

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

157

Development and Testing of the NIF Prototype Module  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The NIF Power Conditioning System (PCS) is required to deliver -68 kJ to each of the 3840 flashlamp pairs in the NIF laser in a current pulse with a peak of -500 kA and rise time of- 150 s. The PCS will consist of 192 modules each of which drive 20 lamp-pairs. Each module will basically be a 6 rnF capacitor bank with a nominal charge voltage of 23.5 kV which is switched by a single pressurized air gas switch to 20 RG-220 cables that are connected to individual lamp loads. In addition each module will have a number of subsystems including; a lamp pre-ionization system, power supplies, isolation circuits, trigger systems, safety dump systems, gas system, and an embedded control system. A module will also include components whose primary function is to limit fault currents and thus minimize collateral damage in faults. In the Prototype Development and Testing effort at Sandia National Laboratories all of these were integrated into a single system and proper fimctionality was demonstrated. Extensive testing was done at nominal operating levels into resistive dummy loads and some testing in fault modes was also done. A description of the system and a summary of testing is given in this paper.

Adcock, J.; Harjes, C.; Mowrer, G.; Wilson, M.

1999-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

158

Hanford prototype-barrier status report: FY 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface barriers (or covers) have been proposed for use at the Hanford Site as a means to isolate certain waste sites that, for reasons of cost or worker safety or both, may not be exhumed. Surface barriers are intende to isolated the wastes from the accessible environment and to provide long-term protection to future populations that might use the Hanford Site. Currently, no ``proven`` long-term barrier system is available. For this reason, the Hanford Site Permanent Isolation Surface-Barrier Development Program (BDP) was organized to develop the technology needed to provide long-term surface barrier capability for the Hanford Site for the US Department of Energy (DOE). Designs have been proposed to meet the most stringent needs for long-term waste disposal. The objective of the current barrier design is to use natural materials to develop a protective barrier system that isolates wastes for at least 1000 years by limiting water, plant, animal, and human intrusion; and minimizing erosion. The design criteria for water drainage has been set at 0.5 mm/yr. While other design criteria are more qualitative, it is clear that waste isolation for an extended time is the prime objective of the design. Constructibility and performance. are issues that can be tested and dealt with by evaluating prototype designs prior to extensive construction and deployment of covers for waste sites at Hanford.

Gee, G.W.; Ward, A.L.; Gilmore, B.G.; Ligotke, M.W.; Link, S.O.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

The LEB to MEB transfer kicker system prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design requirements for the Low Energy Booster (LEB) extraction kicker system at the Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory (SSCL) were to deflect a 12 GeV/c beam through an angle of 1.5 mrad. The circumference of the LEB was 540 M. This resulted in a 0.06 T-m integrated field, of 1.8 {mu}s width with a 1% to 99% rise time of less than 80 ns and allowable pulse ripple of less than {plus_minus}1%. The repetition frequency was 10 Hz and the allowable timing jitter was 2 ns. The field was required to be uniform over a 2{times}4 cm area to {plus_minus}2.5%. The requirements for the Medium Energy Booster (MEB) injection kicker were similar except that a 99% to 1% pulse fall time of less than 2 {mu}s was needed. Prototypes of the pulsed power system and magnet to meet these requirements were built and tested at the SSCL. This paper describes the results of that testing.

Pappas, C. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Wilson, M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Anderson, D. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Plasma Studies Lab.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

A prototype station for ARIANNA: a detector for cosmic neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Antarctic Ross Iceshelf Antenna Neutrino Array (ARIANNA) is a proposed detector for ultra-high energy astrophysical neutrinos. It will detect coherent radio Cherenkov emission from the particle showers produced by neutrinos with energies above about 10^17 eV. ARIANNA will be built on the Ross Ice Shelf just off the coast of Antarctica, where it will eventually cover about 900 km^2 in surface area. There, the ice-water interface below the shelf reflects radio waves, giving ARIANNA sensitivity to downward going neutrinos and improving its sensitivity to horizontally incident neutrinos. ARIANNA detector stations will each contain 4-8 antennas which search for brief pulses of 50 MHz to 1 GHz radio emission from neutrino interactions. We describe a prototype station for ARIANNA which was deployed in Moore's Bay on the Ross Ice Shelf in December 2009, discuss the design and deployment, and present some initial figures on performance. The ice shelf thickness was measured to be 572 +/- 6 m at the deployment site.

Lisa Gerhardt; Spencer R. Klein; Thorsten Stezelberger; Steve Barwick; Kamlesh Dookayka; Jordan Hanson; Ryan Nichol

2010-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Combined experimental and numerical evaluation of a prototype nano-PCM enhanced wallboard  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the United States, forty-eight (48) percent of the residential end-use energy consumption is spent on space heating and air conditioning. Reducing envelope-generated heating and cooling loads through application of phase change material (PCM)-enhanced building envelopes can facilitate maximizing the energy efficiency of buildings. Combined experimental testing and numerical modeling of PCM-enhanced envelope components are two important aspects of the evaluation of their energy benefits. An innovative phase change material (nano-PCM) was developed with PCM encapsulated with expanded graphite (interconnected) nanosheets, which is highly conductive for enhanced thermal storage and energy distribution, and is shape-stable for convenient incorporation into lightweight building components. A wall with cellulose cavity insulation and prototype PCM-enhanced interior wallboards was built and tested in a natural exposure test (NET) facility in a hot-humid climate location. The test wall contained PCM wallboards and regular gypsum wallboard, for a side-by-side annual comparison study. Further, numerical modeling of the walls containing the nano-PCM wallboard was performed to determine its actual impact on wall-generated heating and cooling loads. The model was first validated using experimental data, and then used for annual simulations using Typical Meteorological Year (TMY3) weather data. This article presents the measured performance and numerical analysis evaluating the energy-saving potential of the nano-PCM-enhanced wallboard.

Biswas, Kaushik [ORNL] [ORNL; LuPh.D., Jue [Technova Corporation; Soroushian, Parviz [Technova Corporation] [Technova Corporation; Shrestha, Som S [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Operation of a GERDA Phase I prototype detector in liquid argon and nitrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The GERDA (GERmanium Detector Array) experiment aiming to search for the neutrinoless double beta decay of 76Ge at the Laboratori Nazionali Del Gran Sasso (LNGS), Italy, will operate bare enriched high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors in liquid argon. GERDA Phase I will use the enriched diodes from the previous Heidelberg-Moscow (HdM) and IGEX experiments. With the HPGe detectors mounted in a low-mass holder, GERDA aims at an excellent energy resolution and extremely low background. The goal is to check the claim for the neutrinoless double beta decay evidence in the HdM 76Ge experiment within one year of data taking. Before dismounting the enriched diodes from their cryostat, the performance parameters of the HdM and the IGEX detectors have been measured. The diodes have been removed from their cryostats, their dimensions measured and they have been put under va-cuum in a transportation container. They are now being refurbished for GERDA Phase I at Canberra Semiconductor NV. Before operating the enriched diodes, a non-enriched HPGe p-type detector mounted in a low-mass holder is operated in the liquid argon test facility of the GERDA Detector Laboratory (GDL) at LNGS. Since January 2006, the testing of the prototype detector is being carried out in the GDL as well as at the site of the detector manufacturer.

M. Barnab Heider; A. Bakalyarov; L. Bezrukov; C. Cattadori; O. Chkvorets; K. Gusev; M. Hult; I. Kirpichnikov; V. Lebedev; G. Marissens; P. Peiffer; S. Schnert; M. Shirchenko; A. Smolnikov; A. Vasenko; S. Vasiliev; S. Zhukov

2008-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

163

Construction and testing of a large scale prototype of a silicon tungsten electromagnetic calorimeter for a future lepton collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The CALICE collaboration is preparing large scale prototypes of highly granular calorimeters for detectors to be operated at a future linear electron positron collider. After several beam campaigns at DESY, CERN and FNAL, the CALICE collaboration has demonstrated the principle of highly granular electromagnetic calorimeters with a first prototype called physics prototype. The next prototype, called technological prototype, addresses the engineering challenges which come along with the realisation of highly granular calorimeters. This prototype will comprise 30 layers where each layer is composed of four 9_9 cm2 silicon wafers. The front end electronics is integrated into the detector layers. The size of each pixel is 5_5 mm2. This prototype enter sits construction phase. We present results of the first layers of the technological prototype obtained during beam test campaigns in spring and summer 2012. According to these results the signal over noise ratio of the detector exceeds the R&D goal of10:1.

Roun,J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Energy efficiency improvements for refrigerator/freezers using prototype doors containing gas-filled panel insulating systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy efficiency improvements in domestic refrigerator/freezers, are directly influenced by the overall thermal performance of the cabinet and doors. An advanced system for reducing heat gain is Gas-Filled Panel thermal insulation technology. Gas-Filled Panels contain a low-conductivity, inert gas at atmospheric pressure and employ a reflective baffle to suppress radiation and convection within the gas. This paper presents energy use test results for a 1993 model 500 liter top mount refrigerator/freezer operated with its original doors and with a series of alternative prototype doors. Gas-Filled Panel technology was used in two types of prototype refrigerator/freezer doors. In one design, panels were used in composite with foam in standard metal door pans; this design yielded no measurable energy savings. In the other design, special polymer door pans were fitted with panels that fill nearly all of the available insulation volume; this design yielded a 6.5% increase in energy efficiency for the entire refrigerator/freezer. The EPA Refrigerator Analysis computer program has been used to predict the change in daily energy consumption with the alternative doors. The computer model also projects a 25% energy efficiency improvement for a refrigerator/freezer that would use Gas-Filled Panel insulation throughout the cabinet as well as the doors.

Griffith, B.; Arasteh, D.; Tuerler, D.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Prototype Data Models and Data Dictionaries for Hanford Sediment Physical and Hydraulic Properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Remediation Decision Support (RDS) project, managed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company (CHPRC), has been compiling physical and hydraulic property data and parameters to support risk analyses and waste management decisions at Hanford. In FY09 the RDS project developed a strategic plan for a physical and hydraulic property database. This report documents prototype data models and dictionaries for these properties and associated parameters. Physical properties and hydraulic parameters and their distributions are required for any type of quantitative assessment of risk and uncertainty associated with predictions of contaminant transport and fate in the subsurface. The central plateau of the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State contains most of the contamination at the Site and has up to {approx}100 m of unsaturated and unconsolidated or semi-consolidated sediments overlying the unconfined aquifer. These sediments contain a wide variety of contaminants ranging from organic compounds, such as carbon tetrachloride, to numerous radionuclides including technetium, plutonium, and uranium. Knowledge of the physical and hydraulic properties of the sediments and their distributions is critical for quantitative assessment of the transport of these contaminants in the subsurface, for evaluation of long-term risks and uncertainty associated with model predictions of contaminant transport and fate, and for evaluating, designing, and operating remediation alternatives. One of the goals of PNNL's RDS project is to work with the Hanford Environmental Data Manager (currently with CHPRC) to develop a protocol and schedule for incorporation of physical property and hydraulic parameter datasets currently maintained by PNNL into HEIS. This requires that the data first be reviewed to ensure quality and consistency. New data models must then be developed for HEIS that are approved by the HTAG that oversees HEIS development. After approval, these new data models then need to be implemented in HEIS by the EDM before there is an actual repository for the data. This document summarizes modifications to previously developed data models, and new data models and data dictionaries for physical and hydraulic property data and parameters to be transferred to HEIS. A prototype dataset that conforms to the specifications of these recommended data models has been identified and processed, and is ready for transfer to CHPRC for inclusion in HEIS. Additional datasets are planned for transfer from PNNL to CHPRC in FY11.

Rockhold, Mark L.; Last, George V.; Middleton, Lisa A.

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

166

SATBOT I: Prototype of a biomorphic autonomous spacecraft  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our goal is to produce a prototype of an autonomous satellite robot, SATBOT. This robot differs from conventional robots in that it has three degrees of freedom, uses magnetics to direct the motion, and needs a zero gravity environment. The design integrates the robot`s structure and a biomorphic (biological morphology) control system to produce a survival-oriented vehicle that adapts to an unknown environment. Biomorphic systems, loosely modeled after biological systems, use simple analog circuitry, low power, and are microprocessor independent. These analog networks called Nervous Networks (Nv), are used to solve real-time controls problems. The Nv approach to problem solving in the robotics has produced many surprisingly capable machines which exhibit emergent behavior. The network can be designed to respond to positive or negative inputs from a sensor and produce a desired directed motion. The fluidity and direction of motion is set by the neurons and is inherent to the structure of the device. The robot is designed to orient itself with respect to a local magnetic field; to direct its attitude toward the greatest source of light; and robustly recover from variations in the local magnetic field, power source, or structural stability. This design uses a two neuron network which acts as a push-pull controller for the actuator (air core coil), and two sun sensors (photodiodes) as bias inputs to the neuron. The effect of sensor activation as it relates to an attractive or repulsive torque (directional motion) is studied. A discussion of this system`s power (energy) efficiency and frequency, noise immunity, and some dynamic characteristics is presented.

Frigo, J.; Tilden, M.W.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Effect of modifier Pd metal on hydrocracking of polyaromatic compounds over Ni-loaded Y-type zeolite and its application as hydrodesulfurization catalysts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coal tar obtained from coal carbonization is a treasure of polyaromatic hydrocarbons, where more than 400 kinds of aromatic compounds are found to be contained. The development of new catalysts being able to convert these aromatics into mono or diaromatic compounds is one of objectives for utilization of polyaromatics. Hydrocracking of polyaromatic compounds is believed to proceed via formation of terminal-naphthenic ring of starting aromatic compounds, followed by cleavage of the naphthenic ring to produce alkylated aromatic compounds which has less numbers of ring than starting aromatics. Accordingly, hydrogenation of aromatic rings and cracking of resulting naphthenic rings are key steps of hydrocracking reaction, so that dual functional catalysts such as metal-supported acid catalysts are considered to be one of the best catalysts. Zeolite has controlled pore structures and strong acidity enough to crack naphthenic rings, being characteristics in exchanging metal species with ease. We have been studying the hydrocracking of polyaromatic compounds over Ni-loaded zeolite catalysts (ZSM-5, mordenite, and Y-type) and found the fact that pore size of zeolite exerts an interesting effect on product distribution. We also conducted computer-simulation for diffusion phenomena of the polyaromatic hydrocarbons in the pore of these zeolites and found that diffusion ability of the substrate affects strongly the product distributions Recently we found that modifying of Ni-loaded Y-type zeolite by Pd-loading enhanced hydrocracking ability of the catalyst. In this report, we would like to refer to the results of both hydrocracking reaction of pyrene and hydrodesulfurization of dibenzothiophene using Pd-modified Ni-loaded Y-type zeolite.

Wada, Takema; Murata, Satoru; Nomura, Masakatsu [Osaka Univ. (Japan)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

168

Detailed design, fabrication and testing of an engineering prototype compensated pulsed alternator. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design, fabrication, and test results of a prototype compensated pulsed alternator are discussed. The prototype compulsator is a vertical shaft single phase alternator with a rotating armature and salient pole stator. The machine is designed for low rep rate pulsed duty and is sized to drive a modified 10 cm Beta amplifier. The load consists of sixteen 15 mm x 20 mm x 112 cm long xenon flashlamps connected in parallel. The prototype compulsator generates an open circuit voltage of 6 kV, 180 Hz, at a maximum design speed of 5400 rpm. At maximum speed, the inertial energy stored in the compulsator rotor is 3.4 megajoules.

Bird, W.L. Jr.; Woodson, H.H.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Advances in three-dimensional rapid prototyping of microfluidic devices for biological applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. #12;2 Abstract The capability of 3D printing technologies for direct production of complex 3D 3D printing technologies and direct internal 3D laser writing fabrication methods. Current

Chang, Hsueh-Chia

170

Application of the modified neutron source multiplication method to the prototype FBR Monju  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Modified Neutron Source Method (MNSM) is applied to the Monju reactor. This static method to estimate sub-criticality has already given good results on commercial Pressurized Water Reactors. The MNSM consists both in the extraction of the fundamental mode seen by a detector to avoid the effect of higher modes near sources, and the correction of flux distortion effects due to control rod movement. Among Monju's particularities that have a big influence on MNSM factors are: the presence of two californium sources and the position of the detector, which is located far from the core outside of the reactor vessel. The importance of spontaneous fission and ({alpha},n) reactions, which have increased during the shutdown period of 15 years, will also be discussed. In order to evaluate the detector count rate, an analytical propagation has been conducted from the reactor vessel. For two subcritical states, an estimation of the reactivity has been made and compared to experimental data obtained in the restart experiments at Monju (2010). Results indicate a good agreement between the MNSM reactivity and the reactivity measured with other methods. The reactivity dependence of the correction to apply to point kinetic equation is discussed. (authors)

Truchet, G. [Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucleaires, Centre CEA de Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Van Rooijen, W. F. G.; Shimazu, Y. [Research Inst. of Nuclear Engineering, Univ. of Fukui, Kanawa-cho 1-2-4, T 914-0055, Fukui-ken, Tsuruga-shi (Japan)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Development and Application of an Oversize Reusable DOT 7A Type A Overpack Container at the Y-12 National Security Complex - 13150  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Waste Management personnel at the Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12) are concluding a multi-year effort to dispose of a large backlog of low-level waste. Six containers presented a particularly difficult technical challenge in that they each contained large robust equipment (mostly salt baths) with elevated levels of highly enriched uranium (exceeding U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) fissile-excepted quantities). The equipment was larger than the standard 1.2 m x 1.2 m x 1.8 m (4 ft x 4 ft x 6 ft) DOT Specification 7A Type A box and would have been very difficult to size-reduce because of several inches of steel plate (along with insulating block and concrete) in the equipment design. A critical breakthrough for the success of the project involved procuring and developing two oversize reusable DOT Specification 7A Type A (fissile tested) containers (referred to as the CTI Model 7AF-690-SC) that could be used as overpacks for the original boxes of equipment. The 7A Type A overpack containers are approximately 3.5 m long x 2.7 m wide x 2.8 m high (11.7 ft x 8.9 ft x 9.2 ft) with a maximum gross weight of 10,660 kg (23,500 lb) and a payload capacity of 6,804 kg (15,000 lbs). The boxes were designed and fabricated using a split cavity design that allowed the gasketed and bolted closure to lie along the horizontal centerline of the box. The central closure location in this design allows for strengthening of box corners that tend to be points of weakness or failure in 49CFR173.465 drop tests. By combining the split cavity design with large diameter tubing and diagonal cross bracing, drop test requirements of 49CFR173.465(1) and (2) were met and demonstrated through finite element analysis modeling. The development and use of this new container dramatically reduced the need for down-sizing the equipment and allowed the project to meet objectives within cost and schedule targets. (authors)

Tharp, Tim [B and W Technical Services Y-12, LLC, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)] [B and W Technical Services Y-12, LLC, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Martin, David [Container Technologies Industries, LLC, Helenwood, TN 37755 (United States)] [Container Technologies Industries, LLC, Helenwood, TN 37755 (United States); Franco, Paul [Navarro Research and Engineering, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)] [Navarro Research and Engineering, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Method for enhancing low frequency output of impulsive type seismic energy sources and its application to a seismic energy source for use while drilling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for operating an impulsive type seismic energy source in a firing sequence having at least two actuations for each seismic impulse to be generated by the source. The actuations have a time delay between them related to a selected energy frequency peak of the source output. One example of the method is used for generating seismic signals in a wellbore and includes discharging electric current through a spark gap disposed in the wellbore in at least one firing sequence. The sequence includes at least two actuations of the spark gap separated by an amount of time selected to cause acoustic energy resulting from the actuations to have peak amplitude at a selected frequency.

Radtke, Robert P; Stokes, Robert H; Glowka, David A

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

173

Investigation of manufacturing techniques and prototyping of the Smartcities Citycar frame  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A study was performed to analyze different methods of manufacturing a full scale car frame for the Smart Cities Citycar, a folding electric vehicle being designed at the MIT Media Lab, as well as a half-scale prototype for ...

Rogers, Arin S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Experience on Fabrication and Assembly of the First CLIC Two-Beam Module Prototype  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The CLIC two-beam module prototypes are intended to prove the design of all technical systems under the different operation modes. Two validation programs are currently under way and they foresee the construction of four prototype modules for mechanical tests without beam and three prototype modules for tests with RF and beam. The program without beam will show the capability of the technical solutions proposed to fulfil the stringent requirements on radio-frequency, supporting, pre-alignment, stabilization, vacuum and cooling systems. The engineering design was performed with the use of CAD/CAE software. Dedicated mock-ups of RF structures, with all mechanical interfaces and chosen technical solutions, are used for the tests and therefore reliable results are expected. The components were fabricated by applying different technologies and methods for manufacturing and joining. The first full-size prototype module was assembled in 2012. This paper is focused on the production process including the comparison o...

Gudkov, D; Riddone, G; Rossi, F; Lebet, S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

dlx and sp6-9 Control Optic Cup Regeneration in a Prototypic Eye  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optic cups are a structural feature of diverse eyes, from simple pit eyes to camera eyes of vertebrates and cephalopods. We used the planarian prototypic eye as a model to study the genetic control of optic cup formation ...

Lapan, Sylvain William

176

Design and prototype of an automated system for commercially viable production using micro contact printing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation is a documentation of the thought process, its justification and the implementation details that went into prototyping a fully automated system employing Micro Contact Printing, an emerging technique for ...

Chauhan, Karan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

The Flexible Display Center and Universal Display Corporation Produce Flexible, Full-Color AMOLED Prototype Displays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

diode (AMOLED) display prototypes using the Center's bond/de-bond manufacturing/de-bond manufacturing process represents a tremendous step forward in the advancement of flexible Display's phosphorescent red, green and blue OLED materials, which have already

Rhoads, James

178

Design and prototyping of a low-cost portable mechanical ventilator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes the design and prototyping of a low-cost portable mechanical ventilator for use in mass casualty cases and resource-poor environments. The ventilator delivers breaths by compressing a conventional ...

Powelson, Stephen K. (Stephen Kirby)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Study of Prototype Chemical Systems: Theory vs. Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acids by Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS)X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Study of Prototype ChemicalGlaeser Spring 2010 X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Study of

Schwartz, Craig Philip

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

A design visualization machine : an agile prototype for architectural plans on a finite grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis project proposes a rapid visualization machine that can produce agile prototypes of simple architectural plans on a finite grid system. While various visualization systems to demonstrate instantaneous three ...

Huang, Yu Linlin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Development of a Digital Controller for a Vertical Wind Tunnel (VWT) Prototype to Mitigate Ball Fluctuations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this research was to mitigate fluctuations of a levitated ping pong ball within a vertical wind tunnel (VWT) prototype. This was made possible by remodeling the VWT system with its inherent nonlinear characteristics instead...

Silva, Ramon A.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

182

DESIGN OF THE PROTOTYPICAL CRYOMODULE FOR THE EUROTRANS SUPERCONDUCTING LINAC FOR NUCLEAR WASTE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DESIGN OF THE PROTOTYPICAL CRYOMODULE FOR THE EUROTRANS SUPERCONDUCTING LINAC FOR NUCLEAR WASTE of the accelerator workpackage of the EUROTRANS program for the design of a nuclear waste transmutation system

Boyer, Edmond

183

Quantifying the Improvements in Rapid Prototyping and Product Life Cycle Performance Created by Machining  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to laser ablation and 3D printing for rapid prototypingMachining, Laser ablation, 3D printing, Microfluidics, Valuein new ways (e.g. , 3D printing to create products beyond

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Exploring the Pinhole: Biochemical and Genetic Studies on the Prototype Pinholin, S21  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXPLORING THE PINHOLE: BIOCHEMICAL AND GENETIC STUDIES ON THE PROTOTYPE PINHOLIN, S21 A Dissertation by TING PANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2010 Major Subject: Biochemistry EXPLORING THE PINHOLE: BIOCHEMICAL AND GENETIC STUDIES ON THE PROTOTYPE PINHOLIN, S21 A Dissertation by TING PANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate...

Pang, Ting

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

185

Informal Preliminary Report on Comparisons of Prototype SPN-1 Radiometer to PARSL Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The prototype SPN-1 has been taking measurements for several months collocated with our PNNL Atmospheric Remote Sensing Laboratory (PARSL) solar tracker mounted instruments at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) located in Richland, Washington, USA. The PARSL radiometers used in the following comparisons consist of an Eppley Normal Incident Pyrheliometer (NIP) and a shaded Eppley model 8-48 Black and White pyrgeometer (B&W) to measure the direct and diffuse shortwave irradiance (SW), respectively. These instruments were calibrated in mid-September by comparison to an absolute cavity radiometer directly traceable to the world standard group in Davos, Switzerland. The NIP calibration was determined by direct comparison, while the B&W was calibrated using the shade/unshade technique. All PARSL data prior to mid-September have been reprocessed using the new calibration factors. The PARSL data are logged as 1-minute averages from 1-second samples. Data used in this report span the time period from June 22 through December 1, 2006. All data have been processed through the QCRad code (Long and Shi, 2006), which itself is a more elaborately developed methodology along the lines of that applied by the Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN) Archive (Long and Dutton, 2004), for quality control. The SPN-1 data are the standard total and diffuse SW values obtained from the analog data port of the instrument. The comparisons use only times when both the PARSL and SPN-1 data passed all QC testing. The data were further processed and analyzed by application of the SW Flux Analysis methodology (Long and Ackerman, 2000; Long and Gaustad, 2004, Long et al., 2006) to detect periods of clear skies, calculate continuous estimates of clear-sky SW irradiance and the effect of clouds on the downwelling SW, and estimate fractional sky cover.

Long, Charles N.

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

186

Argonne, KAERI to develop prototype nuclear reactor | Argonne National  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAbout theOFFICEAmesApplication2

187

Dairy Analytics and Nutrient Analysis (DANA) Prototype System User Manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is a user manual for the Dairy Analytics and Nutrient Analysis (DANA) model. DANA provides an analysis of dairy anaerobic digestion technology and allows users to calculate biogas production, co-product valuation, capital costs, expenses, revenue and financial metrics, for user customizable scenarios, dairy and digester types. The model provides results for three anaerobic digester types; Covered Lagoons, Modified Plug Flow, and Complete Mix, and three main energy production technologies; electricity generation, renewable natural gas generation, and compressed natural gas generation. Additional options include different dairy types, bedding types, backend treatment type as well as numerous production, and economic parameters. DANAs goal is to extend the National Market Value of Anaerobic Digester Products analysis (informa economics, 2012; Innovation Center, 2011) to include a greater and more flexible set of regional digester scenarios and to provide a modular framework for creation of a tool to support farmer and investor needs. Users can set up scenarios from combinations of existing parameters or add new parameters, run the model and view a variety of reports, charts and tables that are automatically produced and delivered over the web interface. DANA is based in the INLs analysis architecture entitled Generalized Environment for Modeling Systems (GEMS) , which offers extensive collaboration, analysis, and integration opportunities and greatly speeds the ability construct highly scalable web delivered user-oriented decision tools. DANAs approach uses server-based data processing and web-based user interfaces, rather a client-based spreadsheet approach. This offers a number of benefits over the client-based approach. Server processing and storage can scale up to handle a very large number of scenarios, so that analysis of county, even field level, across the whole U.S., can be performed. Server based databases allow dairy and digester parameters be held and managed in a single managed data repository, while allows users to customize standard values and perform individual analysis. Server-based calculations can be easily extended, versions and upgrades managed, and any changes are immediately available to all users. This user manual describes how to use and/or modify input database tables, run DANA, view and modify reports.

Sam Alessi; Dennis Keiser

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Fuel cell technology for prototype logistic fuel cell mobile systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the aegis of the Advanced Research Project Agency`s family of programs to develop advanced technology for dual use applications, International Fuel Cells Corporation (IFC) is conducting a 39 month program to develop an innovative system concept for DoD Mobile Electric Power (MEP) applications. The concept is to integrate two technologies, the phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC) with an auto-thermal reformer (ATR), into an efficient fuel cell power plant of nominally 100-kilowatt rating which operates on logistic fuels (JP-8). The ATR fuel processor is the key to meeting requirements for MEP (including weight, volume, reliability, maintainability, efficiency, and especially operation on logistic fuels); most of the effort is devoted to ATR development. An integrated demonstration test unit culminates the program and displays the benefits of the fuel cell system, relative to the standard 100-kilowatt MEP diesel engine generator set. A successful test provides the basis for proceeding toward deployment. This paper describes the results of the first twelve months of activity during which specific program aims have remained firm.

Sederquist, R.A.; Garow, J.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

The design of the AIE: An object-oriented application development system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three years ago, in response to our challenging development context, the Advanced Modeling and Analysis Section designed and implemented an object-oriented environment -- the Application Interface Engine (AIE). Our prototyping requirements forced existing application development systems beyond their capabilities. Programmers at AMAS and its contractors have developed over twenty applications using AIE. Our initial experience has been very positive. AIE extends an object-oriented programming language with syntax and classes to support applications specification. This extended system improves all stages of the application engineering life cycle, from rapid prototyping to long term maintenance.

Fuja, R.S.; Widing, M.A.

1992-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

190

Simulated performance of CIEE's 'Alternatives to Compressive Cooling' prototype house under design conditions in various California climates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To support the design development of a compressorless house that does not rely on mechanical air-conditioning, the author carried out detailed computer analysis of a prototypical house design to determine the indoor thermal conditions during peak cooling periods for over 170 California locations. The peak cooling periods are five-day sequences at 2{percent} frequency determined through statistical analysis of long-term historical weather data. The DOE-2 program was used to simulate the indoor temperatures of the house under four operating options: windows closed, with mechanical ventilation, evaporatively-cooled mechanical ventilation, or a conventional 1 1/2-ton air conditioner. The study found that with a 1500 CFM mechanical ventilation system, the house design would maintain comfort under peak conditions in the San Francisco Bay Area out to Walnut Creek, but not beyond. In southern California, the same system and house design would maintain adequate comfort only along the coast. With the evaporatively-cooled ventilation system, the applicability of the house design can be extended to Fairfield and Livermore in northern California, but in southern California a larger 3000 CFM system would be needed to maintain comfort conditions over half of the greater Los Angeles area, the southern half of the Inland Empire, and most of San Diego county. With the 1 1/2-ton air conditioner, the proposed house design would perform satisfactorily through most of the state, except in the upper areas of the Central Valley and the hot desert areas in southern California. In terms of energy savings, the simulations showed that the prototypical house design would save from 0.20 to 0.43 in northern California, 0.20 to 0.53 in southern California, and 0.16 to 0.35 in the Central Valley, the energy used by the same house design built to Title-24 requirements.

Huang, Yu Joe

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Glazing materials for solar and architectural applications. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes five collaborative research projects on glazings performed by participants in Subtask C of IEA Solar Heating and Cooling Programme (SHC) Task 10, Materials Research and Testing. The projects include materials characterization, optical and thermal measurements, and durability testing of several types of new glazings Three studies were completed on electrochromic and dispersed liquid crystals for smart windows, and two were completed for low-E coatings and transparent insulation materials for more conventional window and wall applications. In the area of optical switching materials for smart windows, the group developed more uniform characterization parameters that are useful to determine lifetime and performance of electrochromics. The detailed optical properties of an Asahi (Japan) prototype electrochromic window were measured in several laboratories. A one square meter array of prototype devices was tested outdoors and demonstrated significant cooling savings compared to tinted static glazing. Three dispersed liquid crystal window devices from Taliq (USA) were evaluated. In the off state, these liquid crystal windows scatter light greatly. When a voltage of about 100 V ac is applied, these windows become transparent. Undyed devices reduce total visible light transmittance by only .25 when switched, but this can be increased to .50 with the use of dyed liquid crystals. A wide range of solar-optical and emittance measurements were made on low-E coated glass and plastic. Samples of pyrolytic tin oxide from Ford glass (USA) and multilayer metal-dielectric coatings from Interpane (Germany) and Southwall (USA) were evaluated. In addition to optical characterization, the samples were exposure-tested in Switzerland. The thermal and optimal properties of two different types of transparent insulation materials were measured.

Lampert, C.M. [ed.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Boron-10 ABUNCL Prototype Models And Initial Active Testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security (NA-241) is supporting the project Coincidence Counting With Boron-Based Alternative Neutron Detection Technology at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the development of a 3He proportional counter alternative neutron coincidence counter. The goal of this project is to design, build and demonstrate a system based upon 10B-lined proportional tubes in a configuration typical for 3He-based coincidence counter applications. This report provides results from MCNPX model simulations and initial testing of the active mode variation of the Alternative Boron-Based Uranium Neutron Coincidence Collar (ABUNCL) design built by General Electric Reuter-Stokes. Initial experimental testing of the as-delivered passive ABUNCL was previously reported.

Kouzes, Richard T.; Ely, James H.; Lintereur, Azaree T.; Siciliano, Edward R.

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

193

Small-Scale Readout Systems Prototype for the STAR PIXEL Detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A prototype readout system for the STAR PIXEL detector in the Heavy Flavor Tracker (HFT) vertex detector upgrade is presented. The PIXEL detector is a Monolithic Active Pixel Sensor (MAPS) based silicon pixel vertex detector fabricated in a commercial CMOS process that integrates the detector and front-end electronics layers in one silicon die. Two generations ofMAPS prototypes designed specifically for the PIXEL are discussed. We have constructed a prototype telescope system consisting of three small MAPS sensors arranged in three parallel and coaxial planes with a readout system based on the readout architecture for PIXEL. This proposed readout architecture is simple and scales to the size required to readout the final detector. The real-time hit finding algorithm necessary for data rate reduction in the 400 million pixel detector is described, and aspects of the PIXEL system integration into the existing STAR framework are addressed. The complete system has been recently tested and shown to be fully functional.

Szelezniak, Michal A.; Besson, Auguste; Colledani, Claude; Dorokhov, Andrei; Dulinski, Wojciech; Greiner, Leo C.; Himmi, Abdelkader; Hu, Christine; Matis, Howard S.; Ritter, Hans Georg; Rose, Andrew; Shabetai, Alexandre; Stezelberger, Thorsten; Sun, Xiangming; Thomas, Jim H.; Valin, Isabelle; Vu, Chinh Q.; Wieman, Howard H.; Winter, Marc

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

SMC in space and time: a project to study the evolution of the prototype interacting late-type dwarf galaxy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce the SMC in space and time, a large coordinated space and ground-based program to study star formation processes and history, as well as variable stars, structure, kinematics and chemical evolution of the whole SMC. Here, we present the Colour-Magnitude Diagrams(CMDs) resulting from HST/ACS photometry, aimed at deriving the star formation history (SFH) in six fields of the SMC. The fields are located in the central regions, in the stellar halo, and in the wing toward the LMC. The CMDs are very deep, well beyond the oldest Main Sequence Turn-Off, and will allow us to derive the SFH over the entire Hubble time.

M. Tosi; J. Gallagher; E. Sabbi; K. Glatt; E. K. Grebel; C. Christian; M. Cignoni; G. Clementini; A. Cole; G. Da Costa; D. Harbeck; M. Marconi; M. Meixner; A. Nota; M. Sirianni; T. Smecker-Hane

2008-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

195

Industrial Gas Turbine Engine Catalytic Pilot Combustor-Prototype Testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PCI has developed and demonstrated its Rich Catalytic Lean-burn (RCL®) technology for industrial and utility gas turbines to meet DOE??s goals of low single digit emissions. The technology offers stable combustion with extended turndown allowing ultra-low emissions without the cost of exhaust after-treatment and further increasing overall efficiency (avoidance of after-treatment losses). The objective of the work was to develop and demonstrate emission benefits of the catalytic technology to meet strict emissions regulations. Two different applications of the RCL® concept were demonstrated: RCL® catalytic pilot and Full RCL®. The RCL® catalytic pilot was designed to replace the existing pilot (a typical source of high NOx production) in the existing Dry Low NOx (DLN) injector, providing benefit of catalytic combustion while minimizing engine modification. This report discusses the development and single injector and engine testing of a set of T70 injectors equipped with RCL® pilots for natural gas applications. The overall (catalytic pilot plus main injector) program NOx target of less than 5 ppm (corrected to 15% oxygen) was achieved in the T70 engine for the complete set of conditions with engine CO emissions less than 10 ppm. Combustor acoustics were low (at or below 0.1 psi RMS) during testing. The RCL® catalytic pilot supported engine startup and shutdown process without major modification of existing engine controls. During high pressure testing, the catalytic pilot showed no incidence of flashback or autoignition while operating over a wide range of flame temperatures. In applications where lower NOx production is required (i.e. less than 3 ppm), in parallel, a Full RCL® combustor was developed that replaces the existing DLN injector providing potential for maximum emissions reduction. This concept was tested at industrial gas turbine conditions in a Solar Turbines, Incorporated high-pressure (17 atm.) combustion rig and in a modified Solar Turbines, Incorporated Saturn engine rig. High pressure single-injector rig and modified engine rig tests demonstrated NOx less than 2 ppm and CO less than 10 ppm over a wide flame temperature operating regime with low combustion noise (<0.15% peak-to-peak). Minimum NOx for the optimized engine retrofit Full RCL® designs was less than 1 ppm with CO emissions less than 10 ppm. Durability testing of the substrate and catalyst material was successfully demonstrated at pressure and temperature showing long term stable performance of the catalytic reactor element. Stable performance of the reactor element was achieved when subjected to durability tests (>5000 hours) at simulated engine conditions (P=15 atm, Tin=400C/750F.). Cyclic tests simulating engine trips was also demonstrated for catalyst reliability. In addition to catalyst tests, substrate oxidation testing was also performed for downselected substrate candidates for over 25,000 hours. At the end of the program, an RCL® catalytic pilot system has been developed and demonstrated to produce NOx emissions of less than 3 ppm (corrected to 15% O2) for 100% and 50% load operation in a production engine operating on natural gas. In addition, a Full RCL® combustor has been designed and demonstrated less than 2 ppm NOx (with potential to achieve 1 ppm) in single injector and modified engine testing. The catalyst/substrate combination has been shown to be stable up to 5500 hrs in simulated engine conditions.

Shahrokh Etemad; Benjamin Baird; Sandeep Alavandi; William Pfefferle

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

196

The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (English Version)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations. This study begins with an examination of existing DER research. Building energy loads were then generated through simulation (DOE-2) and scaled to match available load data in the literature. Energy tariffs in Japan and the U.S. were then compared: electricity prices did not differ significantly, while commercial gas prices in Japan are much higher than in the U.S. For smaller DER systems, the installation costs in Japan are more than twice those in the U.S., but this difference becomes smaller with larger systems. In Japan, DER systems are eligible for a 1/3 rebate of installation costs, while subsidies in the U.S. vary significantly by region and application. For 10,000 m{sup 2} buildings, significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions, and energy costs were seen in the economically optimal results. This was most noticeable in the sports facility, followed the hospital and hotel. This research demonstrates that office buildings can benefit from CHP, in contrast to popular opinion. For hospitals and sports facilities, the use of waste heat is particularly effective for water and space heating. For the other building types, waste heat is most effectively use

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

2004-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Proposal for SPS beam time for the baby MIND and TASD neutrino detector prototypes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The design, construction and testing of neutrino detector prototypes at CERN are ongoing activities. This document reports on the design of solid state baby MIND and TASD detector prototypes and outlines requirements for a test beam at CERN to test these, tentatively planned on the H8 beamline in the North Area, which is equipped with a large aperture magnet. The current proposal is submitted to be considered in light of the recently approved projects related to neutrino activities with the SPS in the North Area in the medium term 2015-2020.

R. Asfandiyarov; R. Bayes; A. Blondel; M. Bogomilov; A. Bross; F. Cadoux; A. Cervera; A. Izmaylov; Y. Karadzhov; I. Karpikov; M. Khabibulin; A. Khotyantsev; A. Kopylov; Y. Kudenko; R. Matev; O. Mineev; Y. Musienko; M. Nessi; E. Noah; A. Rubbia; A. Shaykiev; P. Soler; R. Tsenov; G. Vankova-Kirilova; N. Yershov

2014-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

198

Thermal resistance of prototypical cellular plastic roof insulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cooperative industry/government project was initiated in 1989 to evaluate the viability of alternative hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) as blowing agents in polyisocyanurate (PIR) boardstock for roofing applications. Five sets of PIR boardstock were produced to industry specifications for current roof insulation technology. The boardstock allowed the performance of four alternative blowing agents (HCFC-123, HCFC-14lb, and two blends of HCFC-123 and HCFC-14lb) to compared to CFC-11. Laboratory and field tests show the relative thermal performance of the individual PIR boards. One set of laboratory tests show the thermal conductivity (k) from 0 to 50{degree}C (30 to 120{degree}F) of boards prior to installation and as a function of time after exposure to field conditions in the Roof Thermal Research Apparatus (0, 9, and 15 months). Another set of laboratory tests show k as a function of aging time 24{degree}C (75{degree}F) and 65{degree}C (150{degree}F) for full-thickness, half-thickness, and quarter-thickness specimens. These test results and modeling calculations show the value of thin specimen testing as an accelerated aging procedure. 24 refs., 5 figs., 7 tabs.

McElroy, D.L.; Graves, R.S.; Weaver, F.J.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

A Framework for Constraint-based Collaborative Web Service Applications and a Travel Application Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interface (API) employing which developers can create domain-specific collaborative applications based on Web services without much effort. The API not only provides methods to integrate independent Web interdependencies among the rest of the entities. In the current prototype of SyDLink module, a coordination link

Madiraju, Praveen

200

Applications of virtual reality to nuclear safeguards and non-proliferation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents several applications of virtual reality relevant to the areas of nuclear safeguards and non-proliferation. Each of these applications was developed to the prototype stage at Sandia National Laboratories` Virtual Reality and Intelligent Simulation laboratory. These applications include the use of virtual reality for facility visualization, training of inspection personnel, and security and monitoring of nuclear facilities.

Stansfield, S.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Practical Thermal Evaluation Methods For HAC Fire Analysis In Type B Radiaoactive Material (RAM) Packages  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Title 10 of the United States Code of Federal Regulations Part 71 for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (10 CFR Part 71.73) requires that Type B radioactive material (RAM) packages satisfy certain Hypothetical Accident Conditions (HAC) thermal design requirements to ensure package safety during accidental fire conditions. Compliance with thermal design requirements can be met by prototype tests, analyses only or a combination of tests and analyses. Normally, it is impractical to meet all the HAC using tests only and the analytical methods are too complex due to the multi-physics non-linear nature of the fire event. Therefore, a combination of tests and thermal analyses methods using commercial heat transfer software are used to meet the necessary design requirements. The authors, along with his other colleagues at Savannah River National Laboratory in Aiken, SC, USA, have successfully used this 'tests and analyses' approach in the design and certification of several United States' DOE/NNSA certified packages, e.g. 9975, 9977, 9978, 9979, H1700, and Bulk Tritium Shipping Package (BTSP). This paper will describe these methods and it is hoped that the RAM Type B package designers and analysts can use them for their applications.

Abramczyk, Glenn; Hensel, Stephen J; Gupta, Narendra K.

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

202

A prototype fan-beam optical CT scanner for 3D dosimetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The objective of this work is to introduce a prototype fan-beam optical computed tomography scanner for three-dimensional (3D) radiation dosimetry. Methods: Two techniques of fan-beam creation were evaluated: a helium-neon laser (HeNe, {lambda} = 543 nm) with line-generating lens, and a laser diode module (LDM, {lambda} = 635 nm) with line-creating head module. Two physical collimator designs were assessed: a single-slot collimator and a multihole collimator. Optimal collimator depth was determined by observing the signal of a single photodiode with varying collimator depths. A method of extending the dynamic range of the system is presented. Two sample types were used for evaluations: nondosimetric absorbent solutions and irradiated polymer gel dosimeters, each housed in 1 liter cylindrical plastic flasks. Imaging protocol investigations were performed to address ring artefacts and image noise. Two image artefact removal techniques were performed in sinogram space. Collimator efficacy was evaluated by imaging highly opaque samples of scatter-based and absorption-based solutions. A noise-based flask registration technique was developed. Two protocols for gel manufacture were examined. Results: The LDM proved advantageous over the HeNe laser due to its reduced noise. Also, the LDM uses a wavelength more suitable for the PRESAGE{sup TM} dosimeter. Collimator depth of 1.5 cm was found to be an optimal balance between scatter rejection, signal strength, and manufacture ease. The multihole collimator is capable of maintaining accurate scatter-rejection to high levels of opacity with scatter-based solutions (T < 0.015%). Imaging protocol investigations support the need for preirradiation and postirradiation scanning to reduce reflection-based ring artefacts and to accommodate flask imperfections and gel inhomogeneities. Artefact removal techniques in sinogram space eliminate streaking artefacts and reduce ring artefacts of up to {approx}40% in magnitude. The flask registration technique was shown to achieve submillimetre and subdegree placement accuracy. Dosimetry protocol investigations emphasize the need to allow gel dosimeters to cool gradually and to be scanned while at room temperature. Preliminary tests show that considerable noise reduction can be achieved with sinogram filtering and by binning image pixels into more clinically relevant grid sizes. Conclusions: This paper describes a new optical CT scanner for 3D radiation dosimetry. Tests demonstrate that it is capable of imaging both absorption-based and scatter-based samples of high opacities. Imaging protocol and gel dosimeter manufacture techniques have been adapted to produce optimal reconstruction results. These optimal results will require suitable filtering and binning techniques for noise reduction purposes.

Campbell, Warren G.; Rudko, D. A.; Braam, Nicolas A.; Jirasek, Andrew [University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia V8P 5C2 (Canada); Wells, Derek M. [British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Island Centre, Victoria, British Columbia V8R 6V5 (Canada)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

203

Ultra-High Gradient Compact S-Band Linac for Laboratory and Industrial Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is growing demand from the industrial and research communities for high gradient, compact RF accelerating structures. The commonly used S-band SLAC-type structure has an operating gradient of only about 20 MV/m; while much higher operating gradients (up to 70 MV/m) have been recently achieved in X-band, as a consequence of the substantial efforts by the Next Linear Collider (NLC) collaboration to push the performance envelope of RF structures towards higher accelerating gradients. Currently however, high power X-band RF sources are not readily available for industrial applications. Therefore, RadiaBeam Technologies is developing a short, standing wave S-band structure which uses frequency scaled NLC design concepts to achieve up to a 50 MV/m operating gradient at 2856 MHz. The design and prototype commissioning plans are presented.

Faillace, Luigi; /RadiaBeam Tech.; Agustsson, Ronald; /RadiaBeam Tech.; Frigola, Pedro; /RadiaBeam Tech.; Murokh, Alex; /RadiaBeam Tech.; Dolgashev, Valery; /SLAC; Rosenzweig, James; /UCLA

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

204

A PROTOTYPE FOR ON-LINE MONITORING AND CONTROL OF ENERGY PERFORMANCE FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A PROTOTYPE FOR ON-LINE MONITORING AND CONTROL OF ENERGY PERFORMANCE FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY BUILDINGS@univ-perp.fr Keywords: Renewable energies, energy performance indicators, monitoring system, smart transducers, control. Control algorithms are tested in simulation to improve renewable energy consumption while reducing fossil

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

205

Prototype Passive Solar Buildings in Louisiana - A Hot-Humid Climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper on prototype passive solar buildings in Louisiana presents state of the art passive solar design. According to U.S. Department of Energy report, the annual energy consumption for a single family detached dwelling in Louisiana is from 31...

Shih, J. C.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Preliminary versions of the MATLAB tensor classes for fast algorithm prototyping.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the source code for three MATLAB classes for manipulating tensors in order to allow fast algorithm prototyping. A tensor is a multidimensional or Nway array. This is a supplementary report; details on using this code are provided separately in SAND-XXXX.

Bader, Brett William; Kolda, Tamara Gibson (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA)

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Dominance of extreme statistics in a prototype many-body Brownian ratchet Evan Hohlfeld  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dominance of extreme statistics in a prototype many-body Brownian ratchet Evan Hohlfeld Lawrence Many forms of cell motility rely on Brownian ratchet mechanisms that involve multiple stochas- tic of such a many-body ratchet, in the specific form of a growing polymer gel that pushes a diffusing obstacle. We

Geissler, Phillip

208

Lightweight ventilated facade prototype: acoustic performance evaluation when the ventilation surface of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lightweight ventilated facade prototype: acoustic performance evaluation when the ventilation del Vall`es, 08173 Barcelona, Spain arquiniampira@yahoo.com Proceedings of the Acoustics 2012 Nantes potentially improve buildings protection against noise pollution from outside. However, in this system the air

Boyer, Edmond

209

Testprint gemaakt met een zelfgemaakte 3D printer (Reprap) in het "advanced prototyping for design" project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" project Lamp ontworpen en gemaakt tijdens het "lightstyle" project 3D print van een sieraad, gebaseerd op! #12;3D prints gemaakt in gips bij Bouwkunde CT scan van middeleeuws glas om een digitale reproductie, modeling, data massaging, 3D printing. · Objet trouvé Prototyping in verschillende domeinen en hoe domein

210

Senior Design This competition challenges competitors to design a solution and build a prototype to address  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Senior Design This competition challenges competitors to design a solution and build a prototype to address a technical problem. Team Composition The Senior Design team will be comprised of a maximum of four competitors. At least half of the design team must be representing an accredited engineering

Saskatchewan, University of

211

Fourier transform microwave spectrum of the propane-water complex: A prototypical water-hydrophobe system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

structure has all four heavy atoms coplanar, with the water center of mass lying on or near the C, axisFourier transform microwave spectrum of the propane-water complex: A prototypical water) The Fourier transform microwave spectrum of the propane-water complex (C3H,-H,O) has been observed

Cohen, Ronald C.

212

Rapid Prototyping for Fuzzy Systems # Chantana Chantrapornchai Sissades Tongsima Edwin H.M. Sha  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

model [6, 12, 20] proposed by Wee has been fre­ quently used for pattern recognition and learning the prototyping time, the fuzzy sys­ tem is partitioned into hardware and software portions. The model, called. In this research, we propose a new model called Fuzzy Rule­based Automata (FRA) which is used to design a cir­ cuit

Sha, Edwin

213

Conception centree utilisateur de prototypes interactifs pour la gestion de contenu multimedia par similarite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conception centree utilisateur de prototypes interactifs pour la gestion de contenu multimedia par de donnees mul- timedia, adaptees `a des cas d'utilisation divers et pro- fils d'utilisateurs vari similaire? L'interface utilisateur au service des cas d'utilisation La navigation et manipulation de

Dupont, Stphane

214

EVITA: A Prototype System for Efficient Visualization and Interrogation of Terascale Datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EVITA: A Prototype System for Efficient Visualization and Interrogation of Terascale Datasets Raghu and visualization techniques has not kept pace with the growth in size and complexity of such datasets. To address datasets. The cornerstone of the EVITA system is a representational scheme that allows ranked access

Fowler, James E.

215

Demo: Organic Solar Cell-equipped Energy Harvesting Active Networked Tag (EnHANT) Prototypes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demo: Organic Solar Cell-equipped Energy Harvesting Active Networked Tag (EnHANT) Prototypes Gerald harvesting and communications hardware, namely organic solar cells and ultra-wide-band impulse radio (UWB their communications and networking parameters to the available environmental energy harvested by the organic solar

Carloni, Luca

216

BEAM COUPLING IMPEDANCE STUDIES ON THE LHC FP420 MULTI-POCKET BEAM PIPE PROTOTYPE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BEAM COUPLING IMPEDANCE STUDIES ON THE LHC FP420 MULTI-POCKET BEAM PIPE PROTOTYPE F. Roncarolo , R LHC beam pipe in which two pockets hosting the detectors introduce an abrupt cross-section variation of the pipe. During the FP420 proposed operation, each station is moved towards the beam as close as 5 mm ( 15

217

High Efficiency Spectrum Splitting Prototype Submodule Using Commercial CPV Cells (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes progress on the design, fabrication and testing of a proof-of-concept, prototype spectrum splitting CPV submodule using commercial CPV cells, aimed at demonstrating an independently confirmed efficiency above 40% at STC (1000 W/m2, AM1.5D ASTM G173-03, 25 degrees C).

Keevers, M.; Lau, J.; Green, M.; Thomas, I.; Lasich, J.; King, R.; Emery, K.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

A geosemantic proximity-based prototype for the interoperability of geospatial data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A geosemantic proximity-based prototype for the interoperability of geospatial data Jean Brodeur a 2004 Abstract The research agenda related to the interoperability of geospatial data is influenced by the increased accessibility of geospatial databases on the Internet, as well as their sharing

219

DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF A PROTOTYPE TUNER FOR THE CEBAF UPGRADE CRYOMODULE*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF A PROTOTYPE TUNER FOR THE CEBAF UPGRADE CRYOMODULE* G. Davis , J developed for CEBAF at Jefferson Lab. The high-gradient, low-current operation of the superconductingHz and resolution of 1Hz that will be used during normal operation [1]. Fig. 1: CEBAF Upgrade Tuner 2 MECHANICAL

220

ccsd00004270, Prototype scintillator cell for an In-based solar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

indium-loaded scintillator of interest for real-time low energy solar neutrino spectroscopy. First, lightccsd­00004270, version 1 ­ 16 Feb 2005 Prototype scintillator cell for an In-based solar neutrino stable over a period of > 1 y. Key words: Solar neutrinos, Indium experiment, Indium loaded scintillator

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Rapid prototyping of three-dimensional microstructures from multiwalled carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rapid prototyping of three-dimensional microstructures from multiwalled carbon nanotubes Wei Hsuan-dimensional carbon nanotube structures, whereby a focused laser beam is used to selectively burn local regions of a dense forest of multiwalled carbon nanotubes. Raman spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy

Cronin, Steve

222

Function Test Framework for Testing IO-Blocks in a Model-Based Rapid Prototyping Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Function Test Framework for Testing IO-Blocks in a Model-Based Rapid Prototyping Development -- Testing and verification are important methods for gaining confidence in the reliability of a software changing development cycles or that is tar- geted at many platforms. In this paper we present a test

223

Modeling a Prototype Optical Collision Avoidance Sensor For Unmanned Aerial Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of direct solar illumination. We demonstrate a prototype system based on a network of independent camera emulator allows for realistic field tests with consumer components. Aspects of the design, implementation. Numerous versions of the SAA instrument based on radar, LIDAR and passive- optical, among other

Hornsey, Richard

224

Magnet Design of a Prototype Structure for the X-ray FELs at TESLA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnet Design of a Prototype Structure for the X-ray FELs at TESLA M. Tischer, J. Pflüger Hamburger Synchrotronstrahlungslabor HASYLAB, DESY, Notkestr. 85, D-22603 Hamburg, Germany Abstract XFEL undulators for the TESLA device is suggested so that both field integrals are trimmed close to zero for all gaps. TESLA­FEL 2000

225

A First-Generation Prototype Dynamic Residential Window Christian Kohler, Howdy Goudey, and Dariush Arasteh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

October 26, 2004 Abstract We present the concept for a "smart" highly efficient dynamic window in residential buildings. We describe a prototype dynamic window that relies on an internal shade, which deploys technology have significantly reduced window-related energy use and peak demand in residential buildings

226

MAR-CPS: Measurable Augmented Reality for Prototyping Cyber-Physical Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAR-CPS: Measurable Augmented Reality for Prototyping Cyber-Physical Systems Shayegan Omidshafiei in CPSs, hardware-in-the-loop experiments are an essential step for transitioning from simulations to real in the Aerospace Controls Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. This system, referred to as MAR-CPS

Reif, Rafael

227

Immersive Vehicle Simulators for Prototyping, Training and Ergonomics Marcelo Kallmann1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Immersive Vehicle Simulators for Prototyping, Training and Ergonomics Marcelo Kallmann1 , Patrick (CRF), Human Factors - Physical Ergonomics Strada Torino, 50 - 10043 Orbassano TO - Italy {cecilia simulators allow engineers to test the car before it is built, evaluate ergonomic aspects, interior design

Kallmann, Marcelo

228

GEOSTAR-II: A PROTOTYPE WATER VAPOR IMAGER/SOUNDER FOR THE PATH Todd Gaier1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEOSTAR-II: A PROTOTYPE WATER VAPOR IMAGER/SOUNDER FOR THE PATH MISSION Todd Gaier1 , Bjorn Lambrigtsen1 , Pekka Kangaslahti1 , Boon Lim1 , Alan Tanner1 , Dennis Harding1 , Heather Owen1 , Mary Soria1 GHz water line. The preferred concept to meet this requirement is an interferometric imager

Ruf, Christopher

229

Seismic modeling and analysis of a prototype heated nuclear waste storage tunnel, Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seismic modeling and analysis of a prototype heated nuclear waste storage tunnel, Yucca Mountain was heated to replicate the effects of long-term storage of decaying nuclear waste and to study the effects for the long- term storage of high-level nuclear waste from reactors and decom- missioned atomic weapons

Snieder, Roel

230

A Prototype Data Archive for the PIER "Thermal Distribution Systems in Commercial Buildings" Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Prototype Data Archive for the PIER "Thermal Distribution Systems in Commercial Buildings archive for a selection of building energy data on thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings and Purpose The PIER "Thermal Distribution Systems in Commercial Buildings" (TDSCB) project (Diamond et al

231

Prototyping a Residential Gateway Using Xilinx ISE S. W. Song, senior member, IEEE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prototyping a Residential Gateway Using Xilinx ISE S. W. Song, senior member, IEEE Department jzheng@uoguelph.ca, wgardner@cis.uoguelph.ca Abstract This paper presents a residential gateway (RG for broadband residential multiservices based on a SONET over DWDM (Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing

Gardner, William

232

A REAL TIME 3D VISUALIZATION PROTOTYPE FOR INTERVENTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A REAL TIME 3D VISUALIZATION PROTOTYPE FOR INTERVENTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING JENS FISCHER.weiss@pfh.research.philips.com HEIDRUN SCHUMANN University of Rostock, Computer Science Department, D­18051 Rostock,Germany schumann radiologists during invasive and non­invasive magnetic resonance imaging. We use pre­acquired and real time

Schumann, Heidrun

233

Pressure-Compensated Hydrogen Fuel Cell WiSys Prototype Development Fund  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pressure-Compensated Hydrogen Fuel Cell WiSys Prototype Development Fund Final Report Principal Description The purpose of this project was to reduce-to-practice the pressure-compensated hydrogen fuel cell was intended to provide a solution for making more reliable and efficient hydrogen fuel cells than the present

Wu, Mingshen

234

Author's personal copy Simulations of a prototypical device using pyroelectric materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Author's personal copy Simulations of a prototypical device using pyroelectric materials Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Recently, direct energy-conversion devices have received efficiency of the device. 2. Current state of knowledge 2.1. Pyroelectric materials Pyroelectric materials

Pilon, Laurent

235

PJM Controller Testing with Prototypic PJM Nozzle Configuration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of River Protections Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) is being designed and built to pre-treat and then vitrify a large portion of the wastes in Hanfords 177 underground waste storage tanks. The WTP consists of three primary facilitiespretreatment, low-activity waste (LAW) vitrification, and high-level waste (HLW) vitrification. The pretreatment facility will receive waste piped from the Hanford tank farms and separate it into a high-volume, low-activity liquid stream stripped of most solids and radionuclides and a much smaller volume of HLW slurry containing most of the solids and most of the radioactivity. Many of the vessels in the pretreatment facility will contain pulse jet mixers (PJM) that will provide some or all of the mixing in the vessels. Pulse jet mixer technology was selected for use in black cell regions of the WTP, where maintenance cannot be performed once hot testing and operations commence. The PJMs have no moving mechanical parts that require maintenance. The vessels with the most concentrated slurries will also be mixed with air spargers and/or steady jets in addition to the mixing provided by the PJMs. Pulse jet mixers are susceptible to overblows that can generate large hydrodynamic forces, forces that can damage mixing vessels or their internal parts. The probability of an overblow increases if a PJM does not fill completely. The purpose of the testing performed for this report was to determine how reliable and repeatable the primary and safety (or backup) PJM control systems are at detecting drive overblows (DOB) and charge vessel full (CVF) conditions. Testing was performed on the ABB 800xA and Triconex control systems. The controllers operated an array of four PJMs installed in an approximately 13 ft diameter 15 ft tall tank located in the high bay of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) 336 Building test facility. The PJMs were fitted with 4 inch diameter discharge nozzles representative of the nozzles to be used in the WTP. This work supplemented earlier controller tests done on PJMs with 2 inch nozzles (Bontha et al. 2007). Those earlier tests enabled the selection of appropriate pressure transmitters with associated piping and resulted in an alternate overblow detection algorithm that uses data from pressure transmitters mounted in a water flush line on the PJM airlines. Much of that earlier work was only qualitative, however, due to a data logger equipment failure that occurred during the 2007 testing. The objectives of the current work focused on providing quantitative determinations of the ability of the BNI controllers to detect DOB and CVF conditions. On both control systems, a DOB or CVF is indicated when the values of particular internal functions, called confidence values, cross predetermined thresholds. There are two types of confidence values; one based on a transformation of jet pump pair (JPP) drive and suction pressures, the other based on the pressure in the flush line. In the present testing, we collected confidence levels output from the ABB and Triconex controllers. These data were analyzed in terms of the true and noise confidence peaks generated during multiple cycles of DOB and CVF events. The distributions of peak and noise amplitudes were compared to see if thresholds could be set that would enable the detection of DOB and CVF events at high probabilities, while keeping false detections to low probabilities. Supporting data were also collected on PJM operation, including data on PJM pressures and levels, to provide direct experimental evidence of when PJMs were filling, full, driving, or overblowing.

Bontha, Jagannadha R.; Nigl, Franz; Weier, Dennis R.; Leigh, Richard J.; Johnson, Eric D.; Wilcox, Wayne A.; Pfund, David M.; Baumann, Aaron W.; Wang, Yeefoo

2009-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

236

Supervision and control prototyping for an engine exhaust gas heat recovery system based on a steam Rankine cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supervision and control prototyping for an engine exhaust gas heat recovery system based on a steam Rankine steam process for exhaust gas heat recovery from a spark-ignition (SI) engine, from a prototyping of a practical supervi- sion and control system for a pilot Rankine steam process for exhaust gas heat recovery

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

237

Prototype Development of Remote Operated Hot Uniaxial Press (ROHUP) to Fabricate Advanced Tc-99 Bearing Ceramic Waste Forms - 13381  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this senior student project is to design and build a prototype construction of a machine that simultaneously provides the proper pressure and temperature parameters to sinter ceramic powders in-situ to create pellets of rather high densities of above 90% (theoretical). This ROHUP (Remote Operated Hot Uniaxial Press) device is designed specifically to fabricate advanced ceramic Tc-99 bearing waste forms and therefore radiological barriers have been included in the system. The HUP features electronic control and feedback systems to set and monitor pressure, load, and temperature parameters. This device operates wirelessly via portable computer using Bluetooth{sup R} technology. The HUP device is designed to fit in a standard atmosphere controlled glove box to further allow sintering under inert conditions (e.g. under Ar, He, N{sub 2}). This will further allow utilizing this HUP for other potential applications, including radioactive samples, novel ceramic waste forms, advanced oxide fuels, air-sensitive samples, metallic systems, advanced powder metallurgy, diffusion experiments and more. (authors)

Alaniz, Ariana J.; Delgado, Luc R.; Werbick, Brett M. [University of Nevada - Las Vegas, Howard R. Hughes College of Engineering, 4505 S. Maryland Parkway, Box 454009, Las Vegas, NV 89154-4009 (United States)] [University of Nevada - Las Vegas, Howard R. Hughes College of Engineering, 4505 S. Maryland Parkway, Box 454009, Las Vegas, NV 89154-4009 (United States); Hartmann, Thomas [University of Nevada - Las Vegas, Harry Reid Canter, 4505 S. Maryland Parkway, Box 454009, Las Vegas, NV 89154-4009 (United States)] [University of Nevada - Las Vegas, Harry Reid Canter, 4505 S. Maryland Parkway, Box 454009, Las Vegas, NV 89154-4009 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Development of an ultra-safe, ultra-low-emissions natural gas-fueled school bus: Phase 2, prototype hardware development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes work done on Phase 2, ``Prototype Hardware Development`` of Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) Project No. 03-6871, ``Development of an Ultra-Safe, Ultra-Low-Emissions Alternative-Fueled School Bus``. A prototype school bus was designed and constructed. This bus incorporated many new technologies to increase the safety of the bus passengers as well as pedestrians boarding and leaving the bus. These technologies emphasized increased visibility between the bus driver and pedestrians or vehicles, and included the use of high intensity discharge lighting, pedestrian and vehicle detection systems, and remote-mounted cameras. Passenger safety was also stressed, with the application of seat belts and improved emergency exits and lighting. A natural gas-fueled engine was developed for powering the bus. The development process focused primarily on improvements to the lean operation of the engine and control system advancements. The control system development included investigations into alternative control algorithms for steady-state and transient operation, various fuel metering devices, as well as new methods for wastegate control, knock and misfire detection, and catalyst monitoring. Both the vehicle and engine systems represent state-of-the-art technologies. Integration of the vehicle and engine is planned for the next phase of the project, followed by a demonstration test of the overall vehicle system.

Kubesh, J. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

TYPE A FISSILE PACKAGING FOR AIR TRANSPORT PROJECT OVERVIEW  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the project status of the Model 9980, a new Type A fissile packaging for use in air transport. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) developed this new packaging to be a light weight (<150-lb), drum-style package and prepared a Safety Analysis for Packaging (SARP) for submission to the DOE/EM. The package design incorporates unique features and engineered materials specifically designed to minimize packaging weight and to be in compliance with 10CFR71 requirements. Prototypes were fabricated and tested to evaluate the design when subjected to Normal Conditions of Transport (NCT) and Hypothetical Accident Conditions (HAC). An overview of the design details, results of the regulatory testing, and lessons learned from the prototype fabrication for the 9980 will be presented.

Eberl, K.; Blanton, P.

2013-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

240

A highly miniaturized electron and ion energy spectrometer prototype for the rapid analysis of space plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

MEMS (Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems) plasma analyzers are a promising possibility for future space missions but conventional instrument designs are not necessarily well suited to micro-fabrication. Here, a candidate design for a MEMS-based instrument has been prototyped using electron-discharge machining. The device features 10 electrostatic analyzers that, with a single voltage applied to it, allow five different energies of electron and five different energies of positive ion to be simultaneously sampled. It has been simulated using SIMION and the electron response characteristics tested in an instrument calibration chamber. Small deviations found in the electrode spacing of the as-built prototype were found to have some effect on the electron response characteristics but do not significantly impede its performance.

Bedington, R., E-mail: r.bedington@stp.isas.jaxa.jp [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Sagamihara 252-5210 (Japan); Kataria, D. O.; Smith, A. [Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St. Mary RH5 6NT (United Kingdom)] [Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St. Mary RH5 6NT (United Kingdom)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Beam Test Performance and Simulation of Prototypes for the ALICE Silicon Pixel Detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The silicon pixel detector (SPD) of the ALICE experiment in preparation at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN is designed to provide the precise vertex reconstruction needed for measuring heavy flavor production in heavy ion collisions at very high energies and high multiplicity. The SPD forms the innermost part of the Inner Tracking System (ITS) which also includes silicon drift and silicon strip detectors. Single assembly prototypes of the ALICE SPD have been tested at the CERN SPS using high energy proton/pion beams in 2002 and 2003. We report on the experimental determination of the spatial precision. We also report on the first combined beam test with prototypes of the other ITS silicon detector technologies at the CERN SPS in November 2004. The issue of SPD simulation is briefly discussed.

Jan Conrad

2005-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

242

Prototype Test Results of the Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment (STACEE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are currently no experiments, either satellite or ground-based, that are sensitive to astrophysical gamma-rays at energies between 20 and 250 GeV. We are developing the Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment (STACEE) to explore this energy range. STACEE will use heliostat mirrors at a solar research facility to collect Cherenkov light from extensive air showers produced by high energy gamma-rays. Here we report on the results of prototype test work at the solar facility of Sandia National Laboratories (Albuquerque, NM). The work demonstrates that the facility is suitable for use as an astrophysical observatory. In addition, using a full scale prototype of part of STACEE, we detected atmospheric Cherenkov radiation at energies lower than any other ground-based experiment to date.

STACEE Collaboration

1997-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

243

Testing Results of the Prototype Beam Absorber for the PXIE MEBT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the goals of the PXIE program at Fermilab is to demonstrate the capability to form an arbitrary bunch pattern from an initially CW 162.5 MHz H^{-} bunch train coming out of an RFQ. The bunch-by-bunch selection will take place in the 2.1 MeV Medium Energy Beam Transport (MEBT) by directing the undesired bunches onto an absorber that needs to withstand a beam power of up to 21 kW, focused onto a spot with a ~2 mm rms radius. A prototype of the absorber was manufactured from molybdenum alloy TZM, and tested with an electron beam up to the peak surface power density required for PXIE, 17W/mm2. Temperatures and flow parameters were measured and compared to analysis. This paper describes the absorber prototype and key testing results.

Baffes, Curtis

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Prototype Testing for a Copper Rotatable Collimator for the LHC Collimation Upgrade  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Phase II upgrade to the LHC collimation system calls for complementing the robust Phase I graphite collimators with high Z Phase II collimators. The design for the collimation upgrade has not been finalized. One option is to use metallic rotatable collimators and testing of this design will be discussed here. The Phase II collimators must be robust in various operating conditions and accident scenarios. A prototype collimator jaw referred to as RC0 has been tested for both mechanical and thermal compliance with the design goals. Thermal expansion bench-top tests are compared to ANSYS simulation results. The prototype has also been tested in vacuum bake-out to confirm compliance with the LHC vacuum spec. CMM equipment has been used to verify the flatness of the jaw surface after heat tests and bake-out.

Smith, Jeffrey Claiborne; Anzalone, Gene; Doyle, Eric; Keller, Lewis; Lundgren, Steven; Markiewicz, Thomas Walter; Rogers, Reggie; /SLAC

2009-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

245

Comparative Wakefield Analysis of a First Prototype of a DDS Structure for CLIC Main Linac  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Damped Detuned Structure (DDS) for CLIC main linac has been proposed as an alternative to the present baseline design which is based on heavy damping. A first prototype, CLIC_DDS_A, for high power tests has been already designed and is under construction. It is also foreseen to design a further prototype, CLIC_DDS_B, to test both the wakefield suppression and high power performances. Wakefield calculations for DDS are, in the early design stage, based on single infinitely periodic cells. Though cell-to-cell interaction is taken into account to calculate the wakefields, it is important to study full structure properties using computational tools. In particular this is fundamental for defining the input parameters for the HOM coupler that is crucial for the performances of DDS. In the following a full analysis of wakefields and impedances based on simulations conducted with finite difference based electromagnetic computer code GdfidL will be presented.

D'Elia, A; Khan, V F; Grudiev, A; Wuensch, W

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

A preliminary report on the development of MATLAB tensor classes for fast algorithm prototyping.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe three MATLAB classes for manipulating tensors in order to allow fast algorithm prototyping. A tensor is a multidimensional or N-way array. We present a tensor class for manipulating tensors which allows for tensor multiplication and 'matricization.' We have further added two classes for representing tensors in decomposed format: cp{_}tensor and tucker{_}tensor. We demonstrate the use of these classes by implementing several algorithms that have appeared in the literature.

Bader, Brett William; Kolda, Tamara Gibson (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA)

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Design of irradiation rig for reactor testing of prototype bolometers for ITER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the design of an experimental rig, which was developed to allow reactor testing at relevant conditions, i.e. vacuum and {approx}400 deg.C temperature, of prototype resistive bolometers, which will be used in ITER to acquire information on the radiated power distribution from the main plasma and in the diverter region. The main feature of the design is that the rig has no active temperature control. (authors)

Gusarov, A.; Huysmans, S. [SCK.CEN Belgian Nucrear Research Center, 2400 Mol (Belgium); Meister, H. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching b. Muenchen (Germany); Hodgson, E. [Euratom/CIEMAT Fusion Association, Avenida Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

The prototype of a detector for monitoring the cosmic radiation neutron flux on ground  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work presents a comparison between the results of experimental tests and Monte Carlo simulations of the efficiency of a detector prototype for on-ground monitoring the cosmic radiation neutron flux. The experimental tests were made using one conventional {sup 241}Am-Be neutron source in several incidence angles and the results were compared to that ones obtained with a Monte Carlo simulation made with MCNPX Code.

Lelis Goncalez, Odair; Federico, Claudio Antonio; Mendes Prado, Adriane Cristina; Galhardo Vaz, Rafael; Tizziani Pazzianotto, Mauricio [Instituto de Estudos Avancados - IEAv/DCTA - Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil); Semmler, Renato [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares - IPEN-CNEN/SP - Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

249

Risk-Oriented Safety Evaluation of the CAREM-25 Prototype Reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Construction of the CAREM-25 full-size prototype, a very low power nuclear power station [25 MW(electric)], is scheduled to begin in Argentina in 2001. The CAREM-25 is designed based on principles of inherent safety, passive safety functions, and ease of operation. This paper analyzes the safety philosophy from the point of view of risk by performing a level-III probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) of this prototype. The specific PSA steps are discussed, including a specially developed method to obtain representative initiating events, system analysis by fault trees, event development in event trees, plant and containment response analysis, containment event tree development, consequence calculations, and risk representation. The PSA results are presented and discussed in terms of their own values as well as in comparison to other PSA results performed for larger nuclear power plants (NPPs). The advantages of the CAREM-25 from the risk point of view are studied in terms of the effective reduction of both the probability of severe accident sequences and the potential consequences of such sequences (radiological and emergency preparedness impact). The risk point of view also provides a perspective to analyze the impact of several design modifications in order to further reduce the residual risk of the NPP. These design modifications, several of which have already been included in the prototype, are discussed and evaluated.

Baron, Jorge H.; McLeod, Jorge E. Nunez; Rivera, Selva S

2001-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

250

A PROTOTYPE FOUR INCH SHORT HYDRIDE (FISH) BED AS A REPLACEMENT TRITIUM STORAGE BED  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River Site (SRS) tritium facilities have used 1st generation (Gen1) metal hydride storage bed assemblies with process vessels (PVs) fabricated from 3 inch nominal pipe size (NPS) pipe to hold up to 12.6 kg of LaNi{sub 4.25}Al{sub 0.75} metal hydride for tritium gas absorption, storage, and desorption for over 15 years. The 2nd generation (Gen2) of the bed design used the same NPS for the PV, but the added internal components produced a bed nominally 1.2 m long, and presented a significant challenge for heater cartridge replacement in a footprint limited glove-box. A prototype 3rd generation (Gen3) metal hydride storage bed has been designed and fabricated as a replacement candidate for the Gen2 storage bed. The prototype Gen3 bed uses a PV pipe diameter of 4 inch NPS so the bed length can be reduced below 0.7 m to facilitate heater cartridge replacement. For the Gen3 prototype bed, modeling results show increased absorption rates when using hydrides with lower absorption pressures. To improve absorption performance compared to the Gen2 beds, a LaNi{sub 4.15}Al{sub 0.85} material was procured and processed to obtain the desired pressure-composition-temperature (PCT) properties. Other bed design improvements are also presented.

Klein, J.; Estochen, E.; Shanahan, K.; Heung, L.

2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

251

Design and Testing of a Prototype Spallation Neutron Source Rotating Target Assembly  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mechanical aspects of an extended vertical shaft rotating target have been evaluated in a full-scale mockup test. A prototype assembly based on a conceptual target design for a 1 to 3-MW spallation facility was built and tested. Key elements of the drive/coupling assembly implemented in the prototype include high integrity dynamic face seals, commercially available bearings, realistic manufacturing tolerances, effective monitoring and controls, and fail-safe shutdown features. A representative target disk suspended on a 3.5 meter prototypical shaft was coupled with the drive to complete the mechanical tests. After1800 hours of operation the test program has confirmed the overall mechanical feasibility of the extended vertical shaft rotating target concept. Precision alignment of the suspended target disk; successful containment of the water and verification of operational stability over the full speed range of 30 to 60 rpm were primary indications the proposed mechanical design is valid for use in a high power target station.

Rennich, Mark J [ORNL; McManamy, Thomas J [ORNL; Graves, Van [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Garmendia, Amaia Zarraoa [IDOM Bilbao; Sorda, Fernando [ESS Bilbao

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Assembly and Characterization of a Prototype Laser-Optical Firing System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design, assembly and characterization of the latest generation of a small, ruggedized laser-optical firing system will be discussed. This work builds upon earlier results in an effort to continue the development of robust fiber-coupled laseroptical firing systems.[1][2] This newest prototype strives to improve on earlier designs, while continuing to utilize many of the environmentally proven opto-mechanical sub-assemblies.[2][3] One area of improvement involves the implementation of a second optical safing and arming component. Several additional design improvements were also incorporated to address shortcomings uncovered during environmental testing.[4][5] These tests and the subsequent failure analysis were performed at the laser sub-system level. Four identical prototypes were assembled and characterized. The performance of the units were evaluated by comparing a number of parameters including laser output energy, slope efficiency, beam divergence, spatial intensity profile, fiber injection and splitter-coupler transmission efficiency. Other factors evaluated were the ease of alignment, repeatability of the alignment process and the fabrication of the fiberoptical cables. The experimentally obtained results will be compared and contrasted to the performance of earlier prototypes.

Morelli, Gregg L

2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

253

Prototype performance studies of a Full Mesh ATCA-based General Purpose Data Processing Board  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High luminosity conditions at the LHC pose many unique challenges for potential silicon based track trigger systems. One of the major challenges is data formatting, where hits from thousands of silicon modules must first be shared and organized into overlapping eta-phi trigger towers. Communication between nodes requires high bandwidth, low latency, and flexible real time data sharing, for which a full mesh backplane is a natural solution. A custom Advanced Telecommunications Computing Architecture data processing board is designed with the goal of creating a scalable architecture abundant in flexible, non-blocking, high bandwidth board to board communication channels while keeping the design as simple as possible. We have performed the first prototype board testing and our first attempt at designing the prototype system has proven to be successful. Leveraging the experience we gained through designing, building and testing the prototype board system we are in the final stages of laying out the next generation board, which will be used in the ATLAS Level-2 Fast TracKer as Data Formatter, as well as in the CMS Level-1 tracking trigger R&D for early technical demonstrations.

Yasuyuki Okumura; Jamieson Olsen; Tiehui Ted Liu; Hang Yin

2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

254

MULTIPASS STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING ACCURACY IN A VOICE SEARCH APPLICATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the performance of a prototype ser- vice allowing users to enter query terms to an online search engine by voice of search terms. Methods are investigated for identifying the most likely database entry associatedMULTIPASS STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING ACCURACY IN A VOICE SEARCH APPLICATION 1,2 Tianhe Zhang, 2

Rose, Richard

255

,,DreamTeam" -a platform for synchronous collaborative applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

architecture and encourages rapid prototyping. In addition to several demonstration applications, two serious environment, a runtime environment and a simulation envir- onment. In the following, the basic DreamTeam concept as well as the three components are described in more detail. 2.1 The concept Architecture: Co

Steimann, Friedrich

256

P-type gallium nitride  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Several methods have been found to make p-type gallium nitride. P-type gallium nitride has long been sought for electronic devices. N-type gallium nitride is readily available. Discovery of p-type gallium nitride and the methods for making it will enable its use in ultraviolet and blue light-emitting diodes and lasers. pGaN will further enable blue photocathode elements to be made. Molecular beam epitaxy on substrates held at the proper temperatures, assisted by a nitrogen beam of the proper energy produced several types of p-type GaN with hole concentrations of about 5{times}10{sup 11} /cm{sup 3} and hole mobilities of about 500 cm{sup 2} /V-sec, measured at 250 K. P-type GaN can be formed of unintentionally-doped material or can be doped with magnesium by diffusion, ion implantation, or co-evaporation. When applicable, the nitrogen can be substituted with other group III elements such as Al. 9 figs.

Rubin, M.; Newman, N.; Fu, T.; Ross, J.; Chan, J.

1997-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

257

P-type gallium nitride  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Several methods have been found to make p-type gallium nitride. P-type gallium nitride has long been sought for electronic devices. N-type gallium nitride is readily available. Discovery of p-type gallium nitride and the methods for making it will enable its use in ultraviolet and blue light-emitting diodes and lasers. pGaN will further enable blue photocathode elements to be made. Molecular beam epitaxy on substrates held at the proper temperatures, assisted by a nitrogen beam of the proper energy produced several types of p-type GaN with hole concentrations of about 5.times.10.sup.11 /cm.sup.3 and hole mobilities of about 500 cm.sup.2 /V-sec, measured at 250.degree. K. P-type GaN can be formed of unintentionally-doped material or can be doped with magnesium by diffusion, ion implantation, or co-evaporation. When applicable, the nitrogen can be substituted with other group III elements such as Al.

Rubin, Michael (Berkeley, CA); Newman, Nathan (Montara, CA); Fu, Tracy (Berkeley, CA); Ross, Jennifer (Pleasanton, CA); Chan, James (Berkeley, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

First Spectroscopic Imaging Observations of the Sun at Low Radio Frequencies with the Murchison Widefield Array Prototype  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the first spectroscopic images of solar radio transients from the prototype for the Murchison Widefield Array, observed on 2010 March 27. Our observations span the instantaneous frequency band 170.9201.6 MHz. ...

Oberoi, Divya

259

An investigation of factors related to the design of prototype process equipment for the enzymatic processing of fish  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN INVESTIGATION OF FACTORS RELATED TO THE DESIGN OF PROTOTYPE PROCESS EQUIPMENT FOR THE ENZYMATIC PROCESSING OF FISH A Thesis SURESH SOMALAL SHAH Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A f M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January, 1964 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering AN INVESTIGATION OF FACTORS RELATED TO THE DESIGN OF PROTOTYPE PROCESS EQUIPMENT FOR THE ENZYMATIC PROCESSING OF FISH A Thesis By SURESH SOMALAL SHAH...

Shah, Suresh Somalal

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

260

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408: Mining% accuracy. 2-5% of pre-production capital Types of Cost Estimates #12;3. Definitive Based on definitive-even $ Production Level Fixed Cost Break-even $ Production Level Cost-Revenue Relationships Capital Costs (or

Boisvert, Jeff

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261

Polarimetric performance of a Laue lens gamma-ray CdZnTe focal plane prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A gamma-ray telescope mission concept [gamma ray imager (GRI)] based on Laue focusing techniques has been proposed in reply to the European Space Agency call for mission ideas within the framework of the next decade planning (Cosmic Vision 2015-2025). In order to optimize the design of a focal plane for this satellite mission, a CdZnTe detector prototype has been tested at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility under an {approx}100% polarized gamma-ray beam. The spectroscopic, imaging, and timing performances were studied and in particular its potential as a polarimeter was evaluated. Polarization has been recognized as being a very important observational parameter in high energy astrophysics (>100 keV) and therefore this capability has been specifically included as part of the GRI mission proposal. The prototype detector tested was a 5 mm thick CdZnTe array with an 11x11 active pixel matrix (pixel area of 2.5x2.5 mm{sup 2}). The detector was irradiated by a monochromatic linearly polarized beam with a spot diameter of about 0.5 mm over the energy range between 150 and 750 keV. Polarimetric Q factors of 0.35 and double event relative detection efficiency of 20% were obtained. Further measurements were performed with a copper Laue monochromator crystal placed between the beam and the detector prototype. In this configuration we have demonstrated that a polarized beam does not change its polarization level and direction after undergoing a small angle (<1 deg.) Laue diffraction inside a crystal.

Curado da Silva, R. M. [Departmento de Fisica, Universidade de Coimbra, P-3000 Coimbra (Portugal); Center for Space Radiations, Univesite Catholique de Louvain (Belgium); Caroli, E.; Stephen, J. B.; Schiavone, F.; Donati, A.; Ventura, G. [Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica-Bologna, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna (Italy); Pisa, A.; Auricchio, N.; Frontera, F. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Ferrara, Ferrara (Italy); Del Sordo, S. [Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica-Palermo, Via Ugo La Malfa 153, 90146 Palermo (Italy); Honkimaeki, V. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble (France); Trindade, A. M. F. [Departmento de Fisica, Universidade de Coimbra, P-3000 Coimbra (Portugal)

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

262

Development of the prototype Munitions Case Moisture Meter, Model ORNL-1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is a great need for a rapid and simple means of determining the moisture content in combustible cartridge case (ccc) munitions. Previous studies have demonstrated that accumulation of moisture in ccc rounds, such as the M829, leads to softening of the case wall and weakening of the adhesive joint. Moisture in the ccc can lead to incomplete combustion of the case upon firing the round. Currently, there are no facile methods for measuring the moisture content. A prototype portable meter for non-destructive and rapid estimation of moisture in ccc has been developed. The Munitions Case Moisture Meter Model ORNL-1 demonstrates the feasibility of developing an instrument based on the moisture dependence of dielectric properties, to measure moisture in ccc munitions in storage and in the field. These instruments are simple, inexpensive, lightweight, portable, low-power battery operated, and intrinsically safe. They provide nondestructive, noninvasive, and rapid measurements. Calibration data for the prototype are not available at this time. Therefore, calibration of the meter and the development of a scale reading directly moisture content in munitions rounds could not be completed. These data will be supplied by the US Army from its tests of the meter with actual munitions. However, experimental results on empty cccs in laboratory conditions demonstrate satisfactory performance of the instrument. Additional work is needed to bring the prototype to its optimum usefulness and accuracy for field measurements. This includes: Calibration of the meter scale with full-up munitions; Data and evaluation procedures to adjust the performance of the meter for different environmental conditions such as temperature and humidity; and Studies of the dielectric properties of moist ccc materials, as a function of frequency and temperature, are needed for adjustment of the meter for optimal performance.

Agouridis, D.C.; Gayle, T.M.; Griest, W.H.

1993-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

263

Development of the prototype Munitions Case Moisture Meter, Model ORNL-1. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is a great need for a rapid and simple means of determining the moisture content in combustible cartridge case (ccc) munitions. Previous studies have demonstrated that accumulation of moisture in ccc rounds, such as the M829, leads to softening of the case wall and weakening of the adhesive joint. Moisture in the ccc can lead to incomplete combustion of the case upon firing the round. Currently, there are no facile methods for measuring the moisture content. A prototype portable meter for non-destructive and rapid estimation of moisture in ccc has been developed. The Munitions Case Moisture Meter Model ORNL-1 demonstrates the feasibility of developing an instrument based on the moisture dependence of dielectric properties, to measure moisture in ccc munitions in storage and in the field. These instruments are simple, inexpensive, lightweight, portable, low-power battery operated, and intrinsically safe. They provide nondestructive, noninvasive, and rapid measurements. Calibration data for the prototype are not available at this time. Therefore, calibration of the meter and the development of a scale reading directly moisture content in munitions rounds could not be completed. These data will be supplied by the US Army from its tests of the meter with actual munitions. However, experimental results on empty cccs in laboratory conditions demonstrate satisfactory performance of the instrument. Additional work is needed to bring the prototype to its optimum usefulness and accuracy for field measurements. This includes: Calibration of the meter scale with full-up munitions; Data and evaluation procedures to adjust the performance of the meter for different environmental conditions such as temperature and humidity; and Studies of the dielectric properties of moist ccc materials, as a function of frequency and temperature, are needed for adjustment of the meter for optimal performance.

Agouridis, D.C.; Gayle, T.M.; Griest, W.H.

1993-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

264

Monitoring the Thermal Power of Nuclear Reactors with a Prototype Cubic Meter Antineutrino Detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we estimate how quickly and how precisely a reactor's operational status and thermal power can be monitored over hour to month time scales, using the antineutrino rate as measured by a cubic meter scale detector. Our results are obtained from a detector we have deployed and operated at 25 meter standoff from a reactor core. This prototype can detect a prompt reactor shutdown within five hours, and monitor relative thermal power to three percent within seven days. Monitoring of short-term power changes in this way may be useful in the context of International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) Reactor Safeguards Regime, or other cooperative monitoring regimes.

A. Bernstein; N. S. Bowden; A. Misner; T. Palmer

2008-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

265

Study of the interactions of pions in the CALICE silicon-tungsten calorimeter prototype  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A prototype silicon-tungsten electromagnetic calorimeter for an ILC detector was tested in 2007 at the CERN SPS test beam. Data were collected with electron and hadron beams in the energy range 8 to 80 GeV. The analysis described here focuses on the interactions of pions in the calorimeter. One of the main objectives of the CALICE program is to validate the Monte Carlo tools available for the design of a full-sized detector. The interactions of pions in the Si-W calorimeter are therefore confronted with the predictions of various physical models implemented in the GEANT4 simulation framework.

C. Adloff; Y. Karyotakis; J. Repond; J. Yu; G. Eigen; Y. Mikami; N. K. Watson; J. A. Wilson; T. Goto; G. Mavromanolakis; M. A. Thomson; D. R. Ward; W. Yan; D. Benchekroun; A. Hoummada; Y. Khoulaki; J. Apostolakis; A. Ribon; V. Uzhinskiy; M. Benyamna; C. Crloganu; F. Fehr; P. Gay; G. C. Blazey; D. Chakraborty; A. Dyshkant; K. Francis; D. Hedin; J. G. Lima; V. Zutshi; J. -Y. Hostachy; K. Krastev; L. Morin; N. D'Ascenzo; U. Cornett; D. David; R. Fabbri; G. Falley; K. Gadow; E. Garutti; P. Gttlicher; T. Jung; S. Karstensen; A. -I. Lucaci-Timoce; B. Lutz; N. Meyer; V. Morgunov; M. Reinecke; F. Sefkow; P. Smirnov; A. Vargas-Trevino; N. Wattimena; O. Wendt; N. Feege; M. Groll; J. Haller; R. -D. Heuer; S. Morozov; S. Richter; J. Samson; A. Kaplan; H. -Ch. Schultz-Coulon; W. Shen; A. Tadday; B. Bilki; E. Norbeck; Y. Onel; E. J. Kim; G. Kim; D-W. Kim; K. Lee; S. C. Lee; K. Kawagoe; Y. Tamura; P. D. Dauncey; A. -M. Magnan; H. Yilmaz; O. Zorba; V. Bartsch; M. Postranecky; M. Warren; M. Wing; M. G. Green; F. Salvatore; M. Bedjidian; R. Kieffer; I. Laktineh; M. -C. Fouz; D. S. Bailey; R. J. Barlow; M. Kelly; R. J. Thompson; M. Danilov; E. Tarkovsky; N. Baranova; D. Karmanov; M. Korolev; M. Merkin; A. Voronin; A. Frey; S. Lu; K. Seidel; F. Simon; C. Soldner; L. Weuste; J. Bonis; B. Bouquet; S. Callier; P. Cornebise; Ph. Doublet; M. Faucci Giannelli; J. Fleury; H. Li; G. Martin-Chassard; F. Richard; Ch. de la Taille; R. Poeschl; L. Raux; N. Seguin-Moreau; F. Wicek; M. Anduze; V. Boudry; J-C. Brient; G. Gaycken; D. Jeans; P. Mora de Freitas; G. Musat; M. Reinhard; A. Roug; M. Ruan; J-Ch. Vanel; H. Videau; K-H. Park; J. Zacek; J. Cvach; P. Gallus; M. Havranek; M. Janata; M. Marcisovsky; I. Polak; J. Popule; L. Tomasek; M. Tomasek; P. Ruzicka; P. Sicho; J. Smolik; V. Vrba; J. Zalesak; B. Belhorma; M. Belmir; S. W. Nam; I. H. Park; J. Yang; Jong-Seo Chai; Jong-Tae Kim; Geun-Bum Kim; J. Kang; Y. -J. Kwon

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

266

Prototype Development Capabilities of 3D Spatial Interactions and Failures During Scenario Simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Computers have been used for 3D modeling and simulation, but only recently have computational resources been able to give realistic results in a reasonable time frame for large complex models. This report addressed the methods, techniques, and resources used to develop a prototype for using 3D modeling and simulation engine to improve risk analysis and evaluate reactor structures and components for a given scenario. The simulations done for this evaluation were focused on external events, specifically tsunami floods, for a hypothetical nuclear power facility on a coastline.

Steven Prescott; Ramprasad Sampath; Curtis Smith; Tony Koonce

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Mechanical and Thermal Prototype Testing for a Rotatable Collimator for the LHC Phase II Collimation Upgrade  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Phase II upgrade to the LHC collimation system calls for complementing the robust Phase I graphite collimators with high Z, low impedance Phase II collimators. The design for the collimation upgrade has not been finalized. One option is to use metallic rotatable collimators and testing of this design will be discussed here. The Phase II collimators must be robust in various operating conditions and accident scenarios. A prototype collimator jaw has been tested for both mechanical and thermal compliance with the design goals. Thermal expansion bench-top tests are compared to ANSYS simulation results.

Smith, Jeffrey Claiborne; Doyle, Eric; Keller, Lewis; Lundgren, Steven; Markiewicz, Thomas Walter; /SLAC; ,

2010-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

268

Prototype photon position monitors for undulator beams at the Advanced Light Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Design criteria are described, and test results are presented, for prototype ALS undulator beam position monitors. The design is based on monitors presently in use at NSLS, with modifications to account for the widely varying and large K values of the undulators to be installed at the ALS. In particular, we have modified the design to simplify the thermal engineering and we have explored techniques to suppress the response of the monitors to soft photons, so that the beam position can be determined by measuring the higher energy photons which are better collimated. 4 refs., 8 figs.

Warwick, T.; Shu, D. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Rodricks, B. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Johnson, E.D. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States))

1990-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

269

Building and Calibration of a FAST Model of the SWAY Prototype Floating Wind Turbine: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Present efforts to verify and validate aero-hydro-servo-elastic numerical simulation tools that predict the dynamic response of a floating offshore wind turbine are primarily limited to code-to-code comparisons or code-to-data comparisons using data from wind-wave basin tests. In partnership with SWAY AS, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) installed scientific wind, wave, and motion measurement equipment on the 1/6.5th-scale prototype SWAY floating wind system to collect data to validate a FAST model of the SWAY design in an open-water condition. Nanyang Technological University (NTU), through a collaboration with NREL, assisted in this validation.

Koh, J. H.; Robertson, A.; Jonkman, J.; Driscoll, F.; Ng, E. Y. K.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Integral Validation of Minor Actinide Nuclear Data by using Samples Irradiated at Dounreay Prototype Fast Reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reliability of nuclear data for minor actinides was evaluated by using the results of the post-irradiation experiment for actinide samples irradiated at the Dounreay Prototype Fast Reactor. The burnup calculations with JENDL-3.3, ENDF/B-VI.8, and JEFF-3.0 were performed. From the comparison between the experimental data and the calculational results, in general, the reliability of nuclear data for the minor actinides are at an adequate level for the conceptual design study of transmutation systems. It is, however, found that improvement of the accuracy is necessary for some nuclides, such as 238Pu, 242Pu, and 241Am.

Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Oigawa, Hiroyuki; Shinohara, Nobuo [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Shirakata Shirane 2-4, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan)

2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

271

The influence of laser clipped by the laser entrance hole on hohlraum radiation measurement on Shenguang-III prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measuring the x-ray flux exiting the target's laser entrance hole (LEH) is the most common diagnostic that quantifies the x-ray intensity inside the laser-driven hohlraum. However, this signal accounts for only a small portion of the incident laser power and thus is likely to be affected by unwanted x-ray background from non-target area, leading to an overestimation of the hohlraum drive. Unwanted emission might be produced when the laser light is clipped by the LEH (LEH clipping) because of a lack of clearance for laser spot, or with a laser spot comprising of discrete structure, or even with a poor pointing accuracy. Its influence on the hohlraum radiation diagnostic is investigated on Shenguang-III prototype laser facility with the typical 1 ns square pulse. The experiment employed three types of targets to excite the unwanted x-ray background from LEH clipping, unconverted light, and both effects, respectively. This work gives an absolute evaluation of x-ray produced by the LEH clipping, which is measured by flat-response x-ray detectors (FXRD) at multiple view angles. The result indicates that there is little variation in measured emission to various view angles, because the unwanted x-rays are mainly generated at the side face of the LEH lip when laser is obliquely incident. Therefore, the LEH clipping brings more overestimation in hohlraum radiation measurement at larger view angle since the hohlraum LEH as an emitting source viewed by FXRD is decreased as the view angle increases. In our condition, the LEH clipping contributes 2%3.5% overestimation to the hohlraum flux measurement.

Yang, Dong [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900 (China) [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900 (China); CAS Key Laboratory of Basic Plasma Physics and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Li, Zhichao; Guo, Liang; Li, Sanwei; Yi, Rongqing; Song, Tianming; Zhang, Huan; Wang, Zhebin; Jiang, Xiaohua; Jiang, Shaoen; Ding, Yongkun [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900 (China)] [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900 (China)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

272

Mechanical Design and Evaluation of the MP-11-Like Wire Scanner Prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A wire scanner (WS) is a linearly actuated diagnostic device that uses fiber wires (such as Tungsten or Silicon Carbide) to obtain the position and intensity profile of the proton beam at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) particle accelerator. LANSCE will be installing approximately 86 new WS in the near future as part of the LANSCE Risk Mitigation project. These 86 new WS include the replacement of many current WS and some newly added to the current linear accelerator and other beam lines. The reason for the replacement and addition of WS is that many of the existing actuators have parts that are no longer readily available and are difficult to find, thus making maintenance very difficult. One of the main goals is to construct the new WS with as many commercially-available-off-the-shelf components as possible. In addition, faster beam scans (both mechanically and in term of data acquisition) are desired for better operation of the accelerator. This document outlines the mechanical design of the new MP-11-like WS prototype and compares it to a previously built and tested SNS-like WS prototype.

Rodriguez Esparza, Sergio [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sedillo, James Daniel [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Maestas, Alfred J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gilpatrick, John D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Smith, Brian G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Raybun, Joseph L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martinez, Jason P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sattler, F. D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gruchalla, Michael E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

273

Advanced Envelope Research for Factory Built Housing, Phase 3 -- Whole-House Prototyping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Advanced Envelope Research effort will provide factory homebuilders with high performance, cost-effective envelope designs that can be effectively integrated into the plant production process while meeting the thermal requirements of the 2012 IECC standards. Given the affordable nature of manufactured homes, impact on first cost is a major consideration in developing new envelope technologies. This work is part of a multi-phase effort. Phase 1 identified seven envelope technologies and provided a preliminary assessment of three methods for building high performance walls. Phase 2 focused on developing viable product designs, manufacturing strategies, addressing code and structural issues, and cost analysis of the three selected options. An industry advisory committee helped narrow the research focus to perfecting a stud wall design with exterior continuous insulation (CI). Phase 3, completed in two stages, continued the design development effort, exploring and evaluating a range or methods for applying CI to factory built homes. The scope also included material selection, manufacturing and cost analysis, and prototyping and testing. During this phase, a home was built with CI, evaluated, and placed in service. The experience of building a mock up wall section with CI and then constructing on line a prototype home resolved important concerns about how to integrate the material into the production process. First steps were taken toward finding least expensive approaches for incorporating CI in standard factory building practices and a preliminary assessment suggested that even at this early stage the technology is attractive when viewed from a life cycle cost perspective.

Levy, E.; Mullens, M.; Rath, P.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Evaluation of Affordable Prototype Houses at Two Levels of Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two high performance prototype houses were built in Carbondale, Colorado, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America (BA) Program. Each prototype was a 1256 ft2 (117 m2), 1-story, 3-bedroom house, and met the local requirements for affordable housing. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) performed short-term field testing and DOE-2.2 simulations in support of this project at the end of December 2004. We also installed long-term monitoring equipment in one of the houses, and are currently tracking the performance of key building systems under occupied conditions. One of the houses (designated H1) included a package of cost-effective energy efficiency features that placed it well above the Energy Star level, targeting a Home Energy Rating System (HERS) score of 88-89. The other (designated H2) was a BA research house, targeting a HERS score of 94-95, and 45% whole-house energy savings compared to the BA Benchmark. Preliminary results from the field evaluation indicate that the energy savings for both houses will exceed the design targets established for the project, although the performance of certain building systems, including the ventilation and foundation systems, leave some room for improvement.

Hendron, R.; Barker, G.; Hancock, E.; Reeves, P.

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Transactional Network Platform: Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In FY13, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) with funding from the Department of Energys (DOEs) Building Technologies Office (BTO) designed, prototyped and tested a transactional network platform to support energy, operational and financial transactions between any networked entities (equipment, organizations, buildings, grid, etc.). Initially, in FY13, the concept demonstrated transactions between packaged rooftop air conditioners and heat pump units (RTUs) and the electric grid using applications or "agents" that reside on the platform, on the equipment, on a local building controller or in the Cloud. The transactional network project is a multi-lab effort with Oakridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) also contributing to the effort. PNNL coordinated the project and also was responsible for the development of the transactional network (TN) platform and three different applications associated with RTUs. This document describes two applications or "agents" in details, and also summarizes the platform. The TN platform details are described in another companion document.

Katipamula, Srinivas; Lutes, Robert G.; Ngo, Hung; Underhill, Ronald M.

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

276

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

05-1 Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408-Revenue Relationships Capital Costs (or first cost or capital investment): Expenditures made to acquire or develop capital assets Three main classes of capital costs: 1. Depreciable Investment: Investment allocated

Boisvert, Jeff

277

DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW TYPE A(F)RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL PACKAGING FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a coordinated effort, the Department of Transportation (DOT) and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) proposed the elimination of the Specification Packaging from 49 CFR 173.[1] In accordance with the Federal Register, issued on October 1, 2004, new fabrication of Specification Packages would no longer be authorized. In accordance with the NRC final rulemaking published January 26, 2004, Specification Packagings are mandated by law to be removed from service no later than October 1, 2008. This coordinated effort and resulting rulemaking initiated a planned phase out of Specification Type B and Type A fissile (F) material transportation packages within the Department of Energy (DOE) and its subcontractors. One of the Specification Packages affected by this regulatory change is the UN1A2 Specification Package, per DOT 49 CFR 173.417(a)(6). To maintain continuing shipments of DOE materials currently transported in UN1A2 Specification Package after the existing authorization expires, a replacement Type A(F) material packaging design is under development by the Savannah River National Laboratory. This paper presents a summary of the prototype design effort and testing of the new Type A(F) Package development for the DOE. This paper discusses the progress made in the development of a Type A Fissile Packaging to replace the expiring 49 CFR UN1A2 Specification Fissile Package. The Specification Package was mostly a single-use waste disposal container. The design requirements and authorized radioactive material contents of the UN1A2 Specification Package were defined in 49 CFR. A UN1A2 Specification Package was authorized to ship up to 350 grams of U-235 in any enrichment and in any non-pyrophoric form. The design was specified as a 55-gallon 1A2 drum overpack with a body constructed from 18 gauge steel with a 16 gauge drum lid. Drum closure was specified as a standard 12-gauge ring closure. The inner product container size was not specified but was listed as any container that met Specification 7A requirements per 49 CFR 178.350. Specification 7A containers were required to withstand Type A packaging tests required by 49CFR173.465 with compliance demonstrated through testing, analysis or similarity to other containers. The maximum weight of the 7A product container, the radioactive content, and any internal packaging was limited to 200 lbs. The total gross weight for the UN1A2 Specification Package was limited to 350 lbs. No additional restrictions were applied. Authorization for use did not require the UN1A2 Specification Package to be tested to the Normal Conditions of Transport (NCT) and Hypothetical Accident Conditions (HAC) required for performance based, Type A(F) packages certified by the NRC or DOE. The Type A(F) Packaging design discussed in this paper is required to be in compliance with the regulatory safety requirements defined in Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 10 CFR 71.41 through 71.47 and 10 CFR71.71. Sub-criticality of content must be maintained under the Hypothetical Accident Conditions specified under 10 CFR71.73. These federal regulations, and other applicable DOE Orders and Guides, govern design requirements for a Type A(F) package. Type A(F) packages with less than an A2 quantity of radioactive material are not required to have a leak testable boundary. With this exception a Type A(F) package design is subject to the same test requirements set forth for the design of a performance based Type B packaging.

Blanton, P.; Eberl, K.

2008-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

278

Practical considerations for maximizing heat production in a novel thermobrachytherapy seed prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: A combination of hyperthermia and radiation in the treatment of cancer has been proven to provide better tumor control than radiation administered as a monomodality, without an increase in complications or serious toxicities. Moreover, concurrent administration of hyperthermia and radiation displays synergistic enhancement, resulting in greater tumor cell killing than hyperthermia and radiation delivered separately. The authors have designed a new thermobrachytherapy (TB) seed, which serves as a source of both radiation and heat for concurrent brachytherapy and hyperthermia treatments when implanted in solid tumors. This innovative seed, similar in size and geometry to conventional seeds, will have self-regulating thermal properties. Methods: The new seed's geometry is based on the standard BEST Model 2301{sup 125}I seed, resulting in very similar dosimetric properties. The TB seed generates heat when placed in an oscillating magnetic field via induction heating of a ferromagnetic NiCu alloy core that replaces the tungsten radiographic marker of the standard Model 2301. The alloy composition is selected to undergo a Curie transition near 50?C, drastically decreasing power production at higher temperatures and providing for temperature self-regulation. Here, the authors present experimental studies of the magnetic properties of NiCu alloy material, the visibility of TB seeds in radiographic imaging, and the ability of seed prototypes to uniformly heat tissue to a desirable temperature. Moreover, analyses are presented of magnetic shielding and thermal expansion of the TB seed, as well as matching of radiation dose to temperature distributions for a short interseed distance in a given treatment volume. Results: Annealing the NiCu alloy has a significant effect on its magnetization properties, increasing the sharpness of the Curie transition. The TB seed preserves the radiographic properties of the BEST 2301 seed in both plain x rays and CT images, and a preliminary experiment demonstrates thermal self-regulation and adequate heating of a tissue-mimicking phantom by seed prototypes. The effect of self-shielding of the seed against the external magnetic field is small, and only minor thermal stress is induced in heating of the seeds from room temperature to well above the seed operating temperature. With proper selection of magnetic field parameters, the thermal dose distribution of an arrangement of TB and hyperthermia-only seeds may be made to match with its radiation dose distribution. Conclusions: The presented analyses address several practical considerations for manufacturing of the proposed TB seeds and identify critical issues for the prototype implementation. The authors preliminary experiments demonstrate close agreement with the modeling results, confirming the feasibility of combining sources of heat and radiation into a single thermobrachytherapy seed.

Gautam, Bhoj; Warrell, Gregory; Shvydka, Diana; Ishmael Parsai, E., E-mail: e.parsai@utoledo.edu [University of Toledo Medical Center, 3000 Arlington Avenue, MS1151, Toledo, Ohio 43614 (United States); Subramanian, Manny [BEST Medical International, Inc., 7643 Fullerton Road, Springfield, Virginia 22153 (United States)] [BEST Medical International, Inc., 7643 Fullerton Road, Springfield, Virginia 22153 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

(Chapter to appear in Handbook of Industrial Robotics, 2nd Edition, edited by Shimon Nof, ROBOTICS APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on applications for which working robot prototypes have been developed. 2.1. Nuclear Industry In the nuclear(Chapter to appear in Handbook of Industrial Robotics, 2nd Edition, edited by Shimon Nof, 1998) ROBOTICS APPLICATIONS IN MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR LYNNE E. PARKER Center for Engineering Systems Advanced

Parker, Lynne E.

280

Off-line compensation of the tool path deviations on robotic machining: Application to Incremental Sheet Forming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Off-line compensation of the tool path deviations on robotic machining: Application to Incremental of industrial robots during an incremental sheet forming task. For that purpose, a robust and systematic method in a context of prototyping applications. Keywords: robot machining, elastic modeling, robot calibration

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

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281

Prototypical Rod Consolidation Demonstration Project. Phase 3, Final report: Volume 4, Operations and maintenance manual, Book 5  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of Phase III of the Prototypical Rod Consolidation Demonstration Project (PRCDP) was to procure, fabricate, assemble, and test the Prototypical Rod Consolidation System as described in the NUS Phase II Final Design Report. This effort required providing the materials, components, and fabricated parts which makes up all of the system equipment. In addition, it included the assembly, installation, and setup of this equipment at the Cold Test Facility. During the Phase III effort the system was tested on a component, subsystem, and system level. Volume IV provides the Operating and Maintenance Manual for the Prototypical Rod Consolidation System that was installed at the Cold Test Facility. This document, Book 5 of Volume IV, discusses: Corrective maintenance procedures; Calibration procedures; Surveillance procedures; Equipment changeover procedures; Decontamination procedures; Recovery procedures; and Cable schedule.

Not Available

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Prototypical Rod Consolidation Demonstration Project. Phase 3, Final report: Volume 4, Operations and maintenance manual, Book 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of Phase III of the Prototypical Rod Consolidation Demonstration Project (PRCDP) was to procure, fabricate, assemble, and test the Prototypical Rod Consolidation System as described in the NUS Phase II Final Design Report. This effort required providing the materials, components, and fabricated parts which makes up all of the system equipment. In addition, it included the assembly, installation, and setup of this equipment at the Cold Test Facility. During the Phase III effort the system was tested on a component, subsystem, and system level. Volume IV provides the Operating and Maintenance Manual for the Prototypical Rod Consolidation System that was installed at the Cold Test Facility. This document, Book 4 of Volume IV, discusses: Off-normal operating and recovery procedures; Emergency response procedures; Troubleshooting procedures; and Preventive maintenance procedures.

Not Available

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Prototyping the Semantics of a DSL using ASF+SDF: Link to Formal Verification of DSL Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A formal definition of the semantics of a domain-specific language (DSL) is a key prerequisite for the verification of the correctness of models specified using such a DSL and of transformations applied to these models. For this reason, we implemented a prototype of the semantics of a DSL for the specification of systems consisting of concurrent, communicating objects. Using this prototype, models specified in the DSL can be transformed to labeled transition systems (LTS). This approach of transforming models to LTSs allows us to apply existing tools for visualization and verification to models with little or no further effort. The prototype is implemented using the ASF+SDF Meta-Environment, an IDE for the algebraic specification language ASF+SDF, which offers efficient execution of the transformation as well as the ability to read models and produce LTSs without any additional pre or post processing.

Andova, Suzana; Engelen, Luc; 10.4204/EPTCS.56.5

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Realization and Tests of the Highly Granular CALICE Engineering Calorimeter Prototypes, 15th International Conference on Calorimetry in High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Realization and Tests of the Highly Granular CALICE Engineering Calorimeter Prototypes, 15th International Conference on Calorimetry in High Energy Physics

The CALICE Collaboration

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

DIAGNOSIS, ANALYSIS, AND RESOLUTION OF THERMAL STABILITY ISSUES WITH HOM COUPLERS ON PROTOTYPE CEBAF SRF CAVITIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During initial testing of the prototype cavities incorporated into the developmental cryomodule Renascence severe thermal stability issues were encountered during CW operation. Additional diagnostic instrumentation was added. This enabled identification of an unanticipated thermal impedance between the HOM coupler probe feedthrough assembly and the cavity beamtube. Subsequent detailed FE analysis successfully modeled the situation and indicated the need for alternate cooling path for the couplers on those cavities. HOM damping was measured to be adequate employing only two of the four HOM couplers. The two pickup probes on the couplers at the input power coupler side of each cavity were removed, the remaining HOM probe feedthroughs were heat stationed to two-phase helium supply piping, and a novel heat sink was added to station both the inner and outer conductors of the remaining HOM rf cables. The characterization measurements, analysis, modifications, and resulting performance are presented.

Charles Reece; Edward Daly; G. Davis; William Hicks; Timothy Rothgeb; H. Phillips; Joseph Preble; Haipeng Wang; Genfa Wu

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

286

Design, prototyping and testing of a compact superconducting double quarter wave crab cavity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel design of superconducting Crab Cavity was proposed and designed at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The new cavity shape is a Double Quarter Wave or DQWCC. After fabrication and surface treatments, the niobium proof-of-principle cavity was cryogenically tested in a vertical cryostat. The cavity is extremely compact yet has a low frequency of 400 MHz, an essential property for service for the Large Hadron Collider luminosity upgrade. The electromagnetic properties of the cavity are also well matched for this demanding task. The demonstrated deflecting voltage of 4.6 MV is well above the requirement for a crab cavity in the future High Luminosity LHC of 3.34 MV. In this paper we present the design, prototyping and test results of the DQWCC.

Xiao, Binping; Belomestnykh, Sergey; Ben-Zvi, Ilan; Calaga, Rama; Cullen, Chris; Capatina, Ofelia; Hammons, Lee; Li, Zenghai; Marques, Carlos; Skaritka, John; Verd-Andres, Silvia; Wu, Qiong

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

New Prototype Safeguards Technology Offers Improved Confidence and Automation for Uranium Enrichment Facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An important requirement for the international safeguards community is the ability to determine the enrichment level of uranium in gas centrifuge enrichment plants and nuclear fuel fabrication facilities. This is essential to ensure that countries with nuclear nonproliferation commitments, such as States Party to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, are adhering to their obligations. However, current technologies to verify the uranium enrichment level in gas centrifuge enrichment plants or nuclear fuel fabrication facilities are technically challenging and resource-intensive. NNSAs Office of Nonproliferation and International Security (NIS) supports the development, testing, and evaluation of future systems that will strengthen and sustain U.S. safeguards and security capabilitiesin this case, by automating the monitoring of uranium enrichment in the entire inventory of a fuel fabrication facility. One such system is HEVAhybrid enrichment verification array. This prototype was developed to provide an automated, nondestructive assay verification technology for uranium hexafluoride (UF6) cylinders at enrichment plants.

Brim, Cornelia P.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program: High Performance Manufactured Home Prototyping and Construction Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction, the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), and Northwest Energy Works (NEW), the current Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program (NEEM) administrator, have been collaborating to conduct research on new specifications that would improve on the energy requirements of a NEEM home. In its role as administrator, NEW administers the technical specs, performs research and engineering analysis, implements ongoing construction quality management procedures, and maintains a central database with home tracking. This project prototyped and assessed the performances of cost-effective high performance building assemblies and mechanical systems that are not commonly deployed in the manufacturing setting. The package of measures is able to reduce energy used for space conditioning, water heating and lighting by 50 percent over typical manufactured homes produced in the northwest.

Hewes, T.; Peeks, B.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

A prototype compton camera for in-vivo dosimetry of ion beam cancer irradiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three-dimensional in-vivo dose monitoring of ion beam cancer irradiation can improve the quality of treatment. For this purpose we investigate the feasibility of imaging the single photon emissions due to nuclear reactions of projectiles with target nuclei (in-beam SPECT). A suitable imaging technique in the energy range of the emitted gamma rays is the Compton camera. A prototype based on prior simulations is currently under construction. Te system comprises two CdZnTe cross-strip detectors with steering grid and depth-of-interaction capability and one segmented LSO scintillator crystal with modified Anger light readout. We present the concept of the system including the front-end and DAQ electronics as well as first measurements. (authors)

Kormoll, T. [Technische Universitaet Dresden, OncoRay, PF 86, 013307 Dresden (Germany); Fiedler, F. [Helmholtzzentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Inst. of Radiation Physics, PF 5103119, 013314 Dresden (Germany); Golnik, C. [Technische Universitaet Dresden, OncoRay, PF 86, 013307 Dresden (Germany); Heidel, K.; Kempe, M. [Helmholtzzentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Inst. of Radiation Physics, PF 5103119, 013314 Dresden (Germany); Schoene, S.; Sobiella, M. [Helmholtzzentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Inst. of Radiation Physics, PF 5103119, 013314 Dresden (Germany); Zuber, K. [Technische Universitaet Dresden, Inst. of Nuclear and Particle Physics, Zellescher Weg 19, 013069 Dresden (Germany); Enghardt, W. [Technische Universitaet Dresden, OncoRay, PF 86, 013307 Dresden (Germany); Helmholtzzentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Inst. of Radiation Physics, PF 5103119, 013314 Dresden (Germany)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Deep sea tests of a prototype of the KM3NeT digital optical module  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first prototype of a photo-detection unit of the future KM3NeT neutrino telescope has been deployed in the deep waters of the Mediterranean Sea. This digital optical module has a novel design with a very large photocathode area segmented by the use of 31 three inch photomultiplier tubes. It has been integrated in the ANTARES detector for in-situ testing and validation. This paper reports on the first months of data taking and rate measurements. The analysis results highlight the capabilities of the new module design in terms of background suppression and signal recognition. The directionality of the optical module enables the recognition of multiple Cherenkov photons from the same $^{40}$K decay and the localization bioluminescent activity in the neighbourhood. The single unit can cleanly identify atmospheric muons and provide sensitivity to the muon arrival directions.

Adrin-Martnez, S; Aharonian, F; Aiello, S; Albert, A; Ameli, F; Anassontzis, E G; Anghinolfi, M; Anton, G; Anvar, S; Ardid, M; de Asmundis, R; Band, H; Barbarino, G; Barbarito, E; Barbato, F; Baret, B; Baron, S; Belias, A; Berbee, E; Berg, A M van den; Berkien, A; Bertin, V; Beurthey, S; van Beveren, V; Beverini, N; Biagi, S; Bianucci, S; Billault, M; Birbas, A; Rookhuizen, H Boer; Bormuth, R; Bouche, V; Bouhadef, B; Bourlis, G; Bouwhuis, M; Bozza, C; Bruijn, R; Brunner, J; Cacopardo, G; Caillat, L; Calamai, M; Calvo, D; Capone, A; Caramete, L; Caruso, F; Cecchini, S; Ceres, A; Cereseto, R; Champion, C; Chateau, F; Chiarusi, T; Christopoulou, B; Circella, M; Classen, L; Cocimano, R; Colonges, S; Coniglione, R; Cosquer, A; Costa, M; Coyle, P; Creusot, A; Curtil, C; Cuttone, G; D'Amato, C; D'Amico, A; De Bonis, G; De Rosa, G; Deniskina, N; Destelle, J -J; Distefano, C; Donzaud, C; Dornic, D; Dorosti-Hasankiadeh, Q; Drakopoulou7, E; Drouhin, D; Drury, L; Durand, D; Eberl, T; Eleftheriadis, C; Elsaesser, D; Enzenhofer, A; Fermani, P; Fusco, L A; Gajana, D; Gal, T; Galata, S; Gallo, F; Garufi, F; Gebyehu, M; Giordano, V; Gizani, N; Ruiz, R Gracia; Graf, K; Grasso, R; Grella, G; Grmek, A; Habel, R; van Haren, H; Heid, T; Heijboer, A; Heine, E; Henry, S; Hernandez-Rey, J J; Herold, B; Hevinga, M A; van der Hoek, M; Hofestadt, J; Hogenbirk, J; Hugon, C; Hosl, J; Imbesi, M; James, C; Jansweijer, P; Jochum, J; de Jong, M; Kadler, M; Kalekin, O; Kappes, A; Kappos, E; Katz, U; Kavatsyuk, O; Keller, P; Kieft, G; Koffeman, E; Kok, H; Kooijman, P; Koopstra, J; Korporaal, A; Kouchner, A; Koutsoukos, S; Kreykenbohm, I; Kulikovskiy, V; Lahmann, R; Lamare, P; Larosa, G; Lattuada, D; Provost, H Le; Leisos, A; Lenis, D; Leonora, E; Clark, M Lindsey; Liolios, A; Alvarez, C D Llorens; Lohner, H; Presti, D Lo; Louis, F; Maccioni, E; Mannheim, K; Manolopoulos, K; Margiotta, A; Maris, O; Markou, C; Martinez-Mora, J A; Martini, A; Masullo, R; Michael, T; Migliozzi, P; Migneco, E; Miraglia, A; Mollo, C; Mongelli, M; Morganti, M; Mos, S; Moudden, Y; Musico, P; Musumeci, M; Nicolaou, C; Nicolau, C A; Orlando, A; Orzelli, A; Papageorgiou, K; Papaikonomou, A; Papaleo, R; Pavalas, G E; Peek, H; Pellegrino, C; Pellegriti, M G; Perrina, C; Petridou, C; Piattelli, P; Popa, V; Pradier, Th; Priede, M; Puhlhofer, G; Pulvirenti, S; Racca, C; Raffaelli, F; Randazzo, N; Rapidis, P A; Razis, P; Real, D; Resvanis, L; Reubelt, J; Riccobene, G; Rovelli, A; Royon, J; Saldana, M; Samtleben, D F E; Sanguineti, M; Santangelo, A; Sapienza, P; Savvidis, I; Schmelling, J; Schnabel, J; Sedita, M; Seitz, T; Sgura, I; Simeone, F; Siotis, I; Sipala, V; Solazzo, M; Spitaleri, A; Spurio, M; Steijger, J; Stolarczyk, T; Stransky, D; Taiuti, M; Terreni, G; Tezier, D; Theraube, S; Thompson, L F; Timmer, P; Trapierakis, H I; Trasatti, L; Trovato, A; Tselengidou, M; Tsirigotis, A; Tzamarias, S; Tzamariudaki, E; Vallage, B; Van Elewyck, V; Vermeulen, J; Vernin, P; Viola, S; Vivolo, D; Werneke, P; Wiggers, L; Wilms, J; de Wolf, E; van Wooning, R H L; Yatkin, K; Zachariadou, K; Zonca, E; Zornoza, J D; Ziga, J; Zwart, A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Performance of the prototype module of the GlueX electromagnetic barrel calorimeter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A photon beam test of the 4 m long prototype lead/scintillating-fibre module for the GlueX electromagnetic barrel calorimeter was carried out in Hall B at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility with the objective of measuring the energy and timing resolutions of the module as well as the number of photoelectrons generated. Data were collected over an energy range of 150 - 650 MeV at multiple positions and angles along the module. Details of the analysis at the centre of and perpendicular to the module are shown herein; the results are View the MathML source, View the MathML source ps, and 660 photoelectrons for 1 GeV at each end of the module.

Leverington, Blake; Lolos, George; Papandreou, Zisis; Hakobyan, Rafael; Huber, Garth; Janzen, Kathryn; Semenov, Andrei; Scott, Eric; Shepherd, Matthew; Carman, Daniel; Lawrence, David; Smith, Elton; Taylor, Simon; Wolin, Elliott; Klein, Franz; Santoro, Joseph; Sober, Daniel; Kourkoumeli, Christina

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

New Prototype Safeguards Technology Offers Improved Confidence and Automation for Uranium Enrichment Facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An important requirement for the international safeguards community is the ability to determine the enrichment level of uranium in gas centrifuge enrichment plants and nuclear fuel fabrication facilities. This is essential to ensure that countries with nuclear nonproliferation commitments, such as States Party to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, are adhering to their obligations. However, current technologies to verify the uranium enrichment level in gas centrifuge enrichment plants or nuclear fuel fabrication facilities are technically challenging and resource-intensive. NNSAs Office of Nonproliferation and International Security (NIS) supports the development, testing, and evaluation of future systems that will strengthen and sustain U.S. safeguards and security capabilitiesin this case, by automating the monitoring of uranium enrichment in the entire inventory of a fuel fabrication facility. One such system is HEVAhybrid enrichment verification array. This prototype was developed to provide an automated, nondestructive assay verification technology for uranium hexafluoride (UF6) cylinders at enrichment plants.

Brim, Cornelia P.

2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

293

Test and characterization of a prototype silicon-tungsten electromagnetic calorimeter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New generation high-energy physics experiments demand high precision tracking and accurate measurements of a large number of particles produced in the collisions of lementary particles and heavy-ions. Silicon-tungsten (Si-W) calorimeters provide the most viable technological option to meet the requirements of particle detection in high multiplicity environments. We report a novel Si-W calorimeter design, which is optimized for $\\gamma/\\pi^0$ discrimination up to high momenta. In order to test the feasibility of the calorimeter, a prototype mini-tower was constructed using silicon pad detector arrays and tungsten layers. The performance of the mini-tower was tested using pion and electron beams at the CERN Proton Synchrotron (PS). The experimental results are compared with the results from a detailed GEANT-4 simulation. A linear relationship between the observed energy deposition and simulated response of the mini-tower has been obtained, in line with our expectations.

Sanjib Muhuri; Sourav Mukhopadhyay; Vinay B. Chandratre; Menka Sukhwani; Satyajit Jena; Shuaib Ahmad Khan; Tapan K. Nayak; Jogender Saini; Rama Narayana Singaraju

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

294

MinChem: A Prototype Petrologic Database for Hanford Site Sediments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A prototype petrologic database (MinChem) has been under continual development for several years. MinChem contains petrologic, mineralogical, and bulk-rock geochemical data for Hanford Site sediments collected over multiple decades. The database is in relational form and consists of a series of related tables modeled after the Hanford Environmental Information System HEIS (BHI 2002) structures. The HEIS-compatible tables were created in anticipation of eventual migration into HEIS, or some future form of HEIS (e.g. HEIS-GEO). There are currently a total of 13,129 results in MinChem from 521 samples collected at 381 different sampling sites. These data come from 19 different original source documents published and unpublished (e.g. letter reports) between 1976 and 2009. The data in MinChem consist of results from analytical methods such as optical and electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, x-ray fluorescence, and electron probe microanalysis.

Mackley, Rob D.; Last, George V.; Serkowski, John A.; Middleton, Lisa A.; Cantrell, Kirk J.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Luminosity Measurement at ATLAS Development, Construction and Test of Scintillating Fibre Prototype Detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We are reporting about a scintillating fibre tracking detector which is proposed for the precise determination of the absolute luminosity of the CERN LHC at interaction point 1 where the ATLAS experiment is located. The detector needs to track protons elastically scattered under $\\mu$rad angles in direct vicinity to the LHC beam. It is based on square shaped scintillating plastic fibres read out by multi-anode photomultiplier tubes and is housed in Roman Pots. We describe the design and construction of prototype detectors and the results of a beam test experiment at DESY. The excellent detector performance established in this test validates the detector design and supports the feasibility of the proposed challenging method of luminosity measurement.

Ask, S; Braem, Andr; Cheiklali, C; Efthymiopoulos, I; Fournier, D; de La Taille, C; Di Girolamo, B; Grafstrm, P; Joram, C; Haguenauer, Maurice; Hedberg, V; Lavigne, B; Maio, A; Mapelli, A; Mjrnmark, U; Puzo, P; Rijssenbeek, M; Santos, J; Saraiva, J G; Stenzel, H; Thioye, M; Valladolid, E; Vorobel, V

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Results from a Prototype MAPS Sensor Telescope and Readout Systemwith Zero Suppression for the Heavy Flavor Tracker at STAR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a three Mimostar-2 Monolithic Active PixelSensor (MAPS) sensor telescope prototype with an accompanying readoutsystem incorporating on-the-fly data sparsification. The system has beencharacterized and we report on the measured performance of the sensortelescope and readout system in beam tests conducted both at the AdvancedLight Source (ALS) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and inthe STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Thiseffort is part of the development and prototyping work that will lead toa vertex detector for the STAR experiment.

Greiner, Leo C.; Matis, Howard S.; Ritter, Hans G.; Rose, AndrewA.; Stezelberger, Thorsten; Sun, Xiangming; Szelezniak, Michal A.; Thomas, James H.; Vu, Chinh Q.; Wieman, Howard H.

2008-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

297

Technical applications of aerogels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aerogel materials posses such a wide variety of exceptional properties that a striking number of applications have developed for them. Many of the commercial applications of aerogels such as catalysts, thermal insulation, windows, and particle detectors are still under development and new application as have been publicized since the ISA4 Conference in 1994: e.g.; supercapacitors, insulation for heat storage in automobiles, electrodes for capacitive deionization, etc. More applications are evolving as the scientific and engineering community becomes familiar with the unusual and exceptional physical properties of aerogels, there are also scientific and technical application, as well. This paper discusses a variety of applications under development at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory for which several types of aerogels are formed in custom sizes and shapes. Particular discussions will focus on the uses of aerogels for physics experiments which rely on the exceptional, sometimes unique, properties of aerogels.

Hrubesh, L.W.

1997-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

298

Evaluation of static mixer flow enhancements for cryogenic viscous compressor prototype for ITER vacuum system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the U.S. ITER contribution to the vacuum systems for the ITER fusion project, a cryogenic viscous compressor (CVC) is being designed and fabricated to cryopump hydrogenic gases in the torus and neutral beam exhaust streams and to regenerate the collected gases to controlled pressures such that they can be mechanically pumped with controlled flows to the tritium reprocessing facility. One critical element of the CVC design that required additional investigation was the determination of flow rates of the low pressure (up to 1000 Pa) exhaust stream that would allow for complete pumping of hydrogenic gases while permitting trace levels of helium to pass through the CVC to be pumped by conventional vacuum pumps. A sub-scale prototype test facility was utilized to determine the effectiveness of a static mixer pump tube concept, which consisted of a series of rotated twisted elements brazed into a 2-mm thick, 5-cm diameter stainless steel tube. Cold helium gas flow provided by a dewar and helium transfer line was used to cool the exterior of the static mixer pump tube. Deuterium gas was mixed with helium gas through flow controllers at different concentrations while the composition of the exhaust gas was monitored with a Penning gauge and optical spectrometer to determine the effectiveness of the static mixer. It was found that with tube wall temperatures between 6 K and 9 K, the deuterium gas was completely cryopumped and only helium passed through the tube. These results have been used to design the cooling geometry and the static mixer pump tubes in the full-scale CVC prototype.

Duckworth, Robert C.; Baylor, Larry R.; Meitner, Steven J.; Combs, Stephen K.; Ha, Tam; Morrow, Michael; Biewer, T. [Fusion and Materials for Nuclear System Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge (United States); Rasmussen, David A.; Hechler, Michael P. [U.S. ITER Project Office, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge (United States); Pearce, Robert J. H.; Dremel, Mattias [ITER Organization, 13115 St. Paul-lez-Durance (France); Boissin, J.-C. [Consultant, Grenoble (France)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

299

Evaluation of Static Mixer Flow Enhancements for Cryogenic Viscous Compressor Prototype for ITER Vacuum System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the U.S. ITER contribution to the vacuum systems for the ITER fusion project, a cryogenic viscous compressor (CVC) is being designed and fabricated to cryopump hydrogenic gases in the torus and neutral beam exhaust streams and to regenerate the collected gases to controlled pressures such that they can be mechanically pumped with controlled flows to the tritium reprocessing facility. One critical element of the CVC design that required additional investigation was the determination of flow rates of the low pressure (50 to 1000 Pa) exhaust stream that would allow for complete pumping of hydrogenic gases while permitting trace levels of helium to pass through the CVC to be pumped by conventional vacuum pumps. A sub-scale prototype test facility was utilized to determine the effectiveness of a static mixer pump tube concept, which consisted of a series of rotated twisted elements brazed into a 2-mm thick, 5-cm diameter stainless steel tube. Cold helium gas flow provided by a dewar and helium transfer line was used to cool the exterior of the static mixer pump tube. Deuterium gas was mixed with helium gas through flow controllers at different concentrations while the composition of the exhaust gas was monitored with a Penning gauge and optical spectrometer to determine the effectiveness of the static mixer. It was found that with tube wall temperatures between 6 K and 9 K, the deuterium gas was completely cryopumped and only helium passed through the tube. These results have been used to design the cooling geometry and the static mixer pump tubes in the full-scale CVC prototype

Duckworth, Robert C [ORNL] [ORNL; Baylor, Larry R [ORNL] [ORNL; Meitner, Steven J [ORNL] [ORNL; Combs, Stephen Kirk [ORNL] [ORNL; Ha, Tam T [ORNL] [ORNL; Morrow, Michael [ORNL] [ORNL; Biewer, Theodore M [ORNL] [ORNL; Rasmussen, David A [ORNL] [ORNL; Hechler, Michael P [ORNL] [ORNL; Pearce, R.J.H. [ITER Organization, Cadarache, France] [ITER Organization, Cadarache, France; Dremel, M. [ITER Organization, Cadarache, France] [ITER Organization, Cadarache, France; Boissin, Jean Claude [Consultant] [Consultant

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Technical Needs for Prototypic Prognostic Technique Demonstration for Advanced Small Modular Reactor Passive Components  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report identifies a number of requirements for prognostics health management of passive systems in AdvSMRs, documents technical gaps in establishing a prototypical prognostic methodology for this purpose, and describes a preliminary research plan for addressing these technical gaps. AdvSMRs span multiple concepts; therefore a technology- and design-neutral approach is taken, with the focus being on characteristics that are likely to be common to all or several AdvSMR concepts. An evaluation of available literature is used to identify proposed concepts for AdvSMRs along with likely operational characteristics. Available operating experience of advanced reactors is used in identifying passive components that may be subject to degradation, materials likely to be used for these components, and potential modes of degradation of these components. This information helps in assessing measurement needs for PHM systems, as well as defining functional requirements of PHM systems. An assessment of current state-of-the-art approaches to measurements, sensors and instrumentation, diagnostics and prognostics is also documented. This state-of-the-art evaluation, combined with the requirements, may be used to identify technical gaps and research needs in the development, evaluation, and deployment of PHM systems for AdvSMRs. A preliminary research plan to address high-priority research needs for the deployment of PHM systems to AdvSMRs is described, with the objective being the demonstration of prototypic prognostics technology for passive components in AdvSMRs. Greater efficiency in achieving this objective can be gained through judicious selection of materials and degradation modes that are relevant to proposed AdvSMR concepts, and for which significant knowledge already exists. These selections were made based on multiple constraints including the analysis performed in this document, ready access to laboratory-scale facilities for materials testing and measurement, and potential synergies with other national laboratory and university partners.

Meyer, Ryan M.; Coble, Jamie B.; Hirt, Evelyn H.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Mitchell, Mark R.; Wootan, David W.; Berglin, Eric J.; Bond, Leonard J.; Henager, Charles H.

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Amendment 1 - Dry-type power transformers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Specifies requirements for dry-type power transformers (including auto-transformers) having values of highest voltage for equipment up to and including 36 kV. The following small and special dry-type transformers are not covered by this standard: -instrument transformers (covered by IEC 60185 and 60186); -transformers for static convertors (covered by IEC 60084, 60119 and 60146). Where IEC standards do not exist for other special transformers, this standard may be applicable as a whole or in part.

International Electrotechnical Commission. Geneva

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Types of Reuse  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The following provides greater detail regarding the types of reuse pursued for LM sites. It should be noted that many actual reuses combine several types of the uses listed below.

303

SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS MS-EPS APPLICANT INFORMATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS MS-EPS APPLICANT INFORMATION PERSONAL INFORMATION (please type or print application requirements, applicants to the Master of Science in Environmental Policy Studies (MS-EPS) program applicants must submit a Personal Statement that outlines how the MS-EPS program will meet a candidate

Bieber, Michael

304

Fuzzy soil mapping based on prototype category theory Feng Qi a,, A-Xing Zhu b,c  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuzzy soil mapping based on prototype category theory Feng Qi a,, A-Xing Zhu b,c , Mark Harrower c component of soil mapping is classification, a process of assigning spatial soil entities to predefined categories (classes). However, by their nature soils exist as a continuum both in the spatial and attribute

Zhu, A-Xing

305

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON FUZZY SYSTEMS, VOL. 12, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2004 697 Granular Prototyping in Fuzzy Clustering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

modeling and pattern recognition, cf. [12], [24], and [25]. Clusters are information granulesIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON FUZZY SYSTEMS, VOL. 12, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2004 697 Granular Prototyping in Fuzzy of clustering techniques [1], [3], [16], [24] and a diversity of ways in which clustering is used in fuzzy

Bargiela, Andrzej

306

866 IEEE/ASME TRANSACTIONS ON MECHATRONICS, VOL. 16, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2011 Design Principles for Rapid Prototyping Forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Rapid Prototyping Forces Sensors Using 3-D Printing Samuel B. Kesner and Robert D. Howe Abstract flexures, using inexpensive and sim- ple displacement transducers, and 3-D printing features to aid and approaches for fabricat- ing new and customizable force sensors using 3-D printing, an increas- ingly

307

Examination of ChlorinBacteriochlorin Energy-transfer Dyads as Prototypes for Near-infrared Molecular Imaging Probes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Examination of Chlorin­Bacteriochlorin Energy-transfer Dyads as Prototypes for Near-infrared features across the red and near-infrared (NIR) regions, tunable excited-state lifetimes (10 ns absorption and efficient emission in the red or near-infrared (NIR) spectral region, (2) sharp absorption

Larson-Prior, Linda

308

Jitter-Free Co-Processing on a Prototype Exascale Storage Stack john.bent@emc.com  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jitter-Free Co-Processing on a Prototype Exascale Storage Stack John Bent john.bent@emc.com Sorin Faibish sfaibish@emc.com Jim Ahrens ahrens@lanl.gov Gary Grider ggrider@lanl.gov John Patchett patchett@lanl.gov Percy Tzelnic tzelnic@emc.com Jon Woodring woodring@lanl.gov Abstract In the petascale era, the storage

309

Approved Module Information for ME1502, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Prototyping and Development Module Code: ME1502  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to manage a major group project. * Basic electromechanical skills * The role of standard parts electromechanical prototypes. * An ability to use simple CAD in the design process as a means of communication in which available: BEng/MEng Mechanical Engineering. BEng/MEng Electromechanical Engineering. BEng Design

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

310

Investigation of a prototype 150 um microfluidic device and IMS-ToF mass spectrometry for high-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and sample use of capillary scale ­ Throughput of analytical (UPLC) scale · But, there have been `historical.150 mm 2.1 mm Benefits 2-4x Speed & Efficiency/time 1/20 Solvent/Sample Consumption 20-40x Sensitivity Electrical Connections (EEPROM, Heater) ESI Emitter Assembly #12;Evaluation Areas for Prototype 150 um Tile

Richardson, David

311

ELECTROCHEMICAL REMEDIATION OF ARSENIC-CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER RESULTS OF PROTOTYPE FIELD TESTS IN BANGLADESH  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 50 million people in Bangladesh drink arsenic-laden water, making it the largest case of mass poisoning in human history. Many methods of arsenic removal (mostly using chemical adsorbents) have been studied, but most of these are too expensive and impractical to be implemented in poor countries such as Bangladesh. This project investigates ElectroChemical Arsenic Remediation (ECAR) as an affordable means of removing arsenic. Experiments were performed on site in Bangladesh using a prototype termed sushi. This device consists of carbon steel sheets that serve as electrodes wrapped into a cylinder, separated by plastic mesh and surrounded by a tube-like container that serves as a holding cell in which the water is treated electrochemically. During the electrochemical process, current is applied to both electrodes causing iron to oxidize to various forms of iron (hydr)oxides. These species bind to arsenic(V) with very high affi nity. ECAR also has the advantage that As(III), the more toxic form of arsenic, oxidizes to As(V) in situ. Only As(V) is known to complex with iron (hydr)oxides. One of the main objectives of this research is to demonstrate the ability of the new prototype to reduce arsenic concentrations in Bangladesh groundwater from >200 ppb to below the WHO limit of 10 ppb. In addition, varying fl ow rate and dosage and the effect on arsenic removal was investigated. Experiments showed that ECAR reduced Bangladeshi water with an initial arsenic concentration as high as 250 ppb to below 10 ppb. ECAR proved to be effective at dosages as high as 810 Coulombs/Liter (C/L) and as low as 386 C/L (current 1 A, voltage 12 V). These results are encouraging and provide great promise that ECAR is an effi cient method in the remediation of arsenic from contaminated groundwater. A preliminary investigation of arsenic removal trends with varying Coulombic dosage, complexation time and fi ltration methods is also presented.

Kowolik, K; Addy, S.E.A.; Gadgil, A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Performance confirmation of the Belle II imaging Time Of Propogation (iTOP) prototype counter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bell Detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e{sup +}e{sup -} collider performed extremely well, logging an integrated luminosity an order of magnitude higher than the design baseline. With this inverse attobarn of integrated luminosity, time-dependent CP-violation inn the 3rd generation beauty quarks was firmly established, and is now a precision measurement. Going beyond this to explore if the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism is the only contributor to quark-mixing, and to interrogate the flavor sector for non-standard model enhancements, requires a detector and accelerator capable of topping this world-record luminosity by more than an order of magnitude. The Belle II detector at the upgraded Super-KEKB accelerator has been designed to meet this highly ambitious goal of operating at a luminosity approaching 10{sup 36} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}. Such higher event rates and backgrounds require upgrade of essentially all detector subsystems, as well as their readout. Comparing the Belle composite (threshold Aerogel + Time of Flight) particle identification (PID) system with the DIRC employed by BaBar, quartz radiator internal Cherenkov photon detection proved to have higher kaon efficiency and lower pion fake rates. However, because the detector structure and CsI calorimeter will be retained, an improved barrel PID must fit within a very narrow envelope, as indicated in Figure 1. To effectively utilize this space, a more compact detector concept based on the same quartz radiators, but primarily using photon arrival time was proposed. This Time Of Propagation (TOP) counter was studied in a number of earlier prototype tests. Key to the necessary 10's of picosecond single-photon timing has been the development of the so-called SL-10 Micro-Channel Plate Photo-Multiplier Tube (MCP-PMT), which has demonstrated sub-40 ps single photon Transit Time Spread TTS. Further simulation study of this detector concept indicated that a focusing mirror in the forward direction, as well as a modest image expansion volume and more highly pixelated image plane improve the theoretical detector performance, since timing alone is limited by chromatic dispersion of the Cherenkov photons. This imaging-TOP (or iTOP) counter is the basis of Belle II barrel PID upgrade. However, a number of critical performance parameters must be demonstrated prior to releasing this prototype design for production manufacture.

Schwartz, Alan; Liu, Yang; Belhorn, Matt; /Cincinnati U.; Browder, Thomas; Varner, Gary; Andrew, Matt; Rosen, Marc; Barrett, Matthew; Nishimura, Kurtis; Anderson, Eric /Hawaii U.; Iijima, Toru; /Nagoya U. /PNL, Richland

2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

313

Micro Catalytic Combustor with Pd/Nano-porous Alumina for High-Temperature Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Micro Catalytic Combustor with Pd/Nano-porous Alumina for High-Temperature Application Takashi: A micro-scale catalytic combustor using high-precision ceramic tape-casting technology has been developed surface reaction of butane. In combustion experiments with a prototype combustor, the wall temperature

Kasagi, Nobuhide

314

A prototype decision aid for evaluating and selecting R&D proposals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a prototype decision aid which has been developed to assist the Institutional Research and Development (IR&D) Committee in selecting proposals for funding. This tool was requested to help address the following concerns about the IR&D proposal selection process: Some good proposals might be overlooked simply because no one on the Committee advocates them forcefully. The process takes a lot of time. The final portfolio of proposals selected may not maximize the long-run benefits to the Laboratory. These concerns stem from the observation that there is no formal framework for making distinctions between proposals, or weighing and comparing those distinctions. It was felt that the process could be improved by a framework that: Provides explicit descriptors that Committee members can use to evaluate and compare different features of proposals. Encourages the Committee to use a uniform, systematic scheme for evaluating the proposals. Helps the Committee focus more quickly on the issues that are truly relevant for distinguishing between proposals.

Al-Ayat, R.A.; Lamont, A.; Sicherman, A.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Modeling the imaging performance of prototype organic x-ray imagers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A unified Monte Carlo and cascaded systems model for the simulation of active-matrix flat-panel imagers is presented. With few input parameters, the model simulated the imaging performance of previously measured flat-panel imagers with reasonable accuracy. The model is used to predict the properties of conceptual flat-panel imagers based on organic semiconductors on plastic substrates. The model suggests that significant improvements in resolution and detective quantum efficiency could be achieved by operating such a detector in a back-side illuminated configuration, or by employing two imaging arrays arranged face-to-face. The effect of semiconductor properties on the conceptual imagers is investigated. According to the model, a photodiode quantum efficiency of 25% and dark current of less than 100 pA mm{sup -2} would be satisfactory for a prototype imager, while a competitive imager would require a photodiode quantum efficiency of 40-50% with a dark current of less than 10 pA mm{sup -2} to be quantum limited over the radiographic exposure range.

Blakesley, J. C.; Speller, R. [Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom and Department of Physics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 OHE (United Kingdom); Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering, University College London, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

316

Studies on Plutonium Burning in the Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor Monju  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studies have been performed on plutonium burning in the Japanese prototype fast breeder reactor Monju. The main aims of these studies were to illustrate the plutonium-burning capabilities of fast reactors and to investigate the consequences of the related core design measures on the main core characteristics of Monju. Burner cores with diluting pins, with diluting subassemblies (also called diluents), and with an internal slice of inert material have been investigated; these require an increased average plutonium enrichment and thus offer an enhanced plutonium-burning rate. On the other hand, the consequences of the elimination of the radial and/or axial blanket have been investigated.Among the burner concepts, the B{sub 4}C containing diluents have been found to be preferable because they cause the smallest maximum linear rating increase and offer the largest flexibility to adapt their reactivity via a modification of the B{sub 4}C content. They also do not require a new fuel subassembly concept.For the case of the blanket elimination, the replacement of the blankets by steel reflectors has been found to be the best solution. The main consequence of the elimination of both blankets is the increase of the maximum linear rating by up to 11%. Whether this increase may lead to problems will depend on the actual linear power level of the core.

Wehmann, Udo [Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Center (Japan); Kinjo, Hidehito [Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Center (Japan); Kageyama, Takeshi [Nuclear Energy System, Inc. (Japan)

2002-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

Advanced Envelope Research for Factory Built Housing, Phase 3 -- Design Development and Prototyping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Advanced Envelope Research effort will provide factory homebuilders with high performance, cost-effective alternative envelope designs. In the near term, these technologies will play a central role in meeting stringent energy code requirements. For manufactured homes, the thermal requirements, last updated by statute in 1994, will move up to the more rigorous IECC 2012 levels in 2013, the requirements of which are consistent with site built and modular housing. This places added urgency on identifying envelope technologies that the industry can implement in the short timeframe. The primary goal of this research is to develop wall designs that meet the thermal requirements based on 2012 IECC standards. Given the affordable nature of manufactured homes, impact on first cost is a major consideration in developing the new envelope technologies. This work is part of a four-phase, multi-year effort. Phase 1 identified seven envelope technologies and provided a preliminary assessment of three selected methods for building high performance wall systems. Phase 2 focused on the development of viable product designs, manufacturing strategies, addressing code and structural issues, and cost analysis of the three selected options. An industry advisory committee helped critique and select the most viable solution to move further in the research -- stud walls with continuous exterior insulation. Phase 3, the subject of the current report, focused on the design development of the selected wall concept and explored variations on the use of exterior foam insulation. The scope also included material selection, manufacturing and cost analysis, and prototyping and testing.

Levy, E.; Kessler, B.; Mullens, M.; Rath, P.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Cosmic ray velocity and electric charge measurements with the AMS/RICH detector: prototype results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) to be installed on the International Space Station (ISS) will measure charged cosmic ray spectra of elements up to iron, in the rigidity range from 1 GV to 1 TV, for at least three years. AMS is a large angular spectrometer composed of different subdetectors, including a proximity focusing Ring Imaging CHerenkov (RICH) detector. This will be equipped with a mixed radiator made of aerogel and sodium fluoride (NaF), a lateral conical mirror and a detection plane made of 680 photomultipliers coupled to light guides. The RICH detector allows measurements of particle's electric charge up to iron, and particle's velocity. Two possible methods for reconstructing the Cherenkov angle and the electric charge with the RICH will be discussed. A RICH prototype consisting of a detection matrix with 96 photomultipliers, a segment of a conical mirror and samples of the radiator materials was built and its performance was evaluated using ion beam data. Results from the last test beam perf...

Arruda, Lusa; Gonalves, Patrcia; Pereira, Rui

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

ALMA and Herschel Observations of the Prototype Dusty and Polluted White Dwarf G29-38  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ALMA Cycle 0 and Herschel PACS observations are reported for the prototype, nearest, and brightest example of a dusty and polluted white dwarf, G29-38. These long wavelength programs attempted to detect an outlying, parent population of bodies at 1-100 AU, from which originates the disrupted planetesimal debris that is observed within 0.01 AU and which exhibits L_IR/L = 0.039. No associated emission sources were detected in any of the data down to L_IR/L ~ 1e-4, generally ruling out cold dust masses greater than 1e24 - 1e25 g for reasonable grain sizes and properties in orbital regions corresponding to evolved versions of both asteroid and Kuiper belt analogs. Overall, these null detections are consistent with models of long-term collisional evolution in planetesimal disks, and the source regions for the disrupted parent bodies at stars like G29-38 may only be salient in exceptional circumstances, such as a recent instability. A larger sample of polluted white dwarfs, targeted with the full ALMA array, has th...

Farihi, J; Greaves, J S; Bonsor, A; Sibthorpe, B; Pani?, O

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Hubble Space Telescope ACS mosaic of the prototypical starburst galaxy M82  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In March 2006, the Hubble Heritage Team obtained a large four-filter (B, V, I, and H-alpha) six-point mosaic dataset of the prototypical starburst galaxy NGC 3034 (M82), with the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) onboard the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). The resulting color composite Heritage image was released in April 2006, to celebrate Hubble's 16th anniversary. Cycle 15 HST proposers were encouraged to submit General Observer and Archival Research proposals to complement or analyze this unique dataset. Since our M82 mosaics represent a significant investment of expert processing beyond the standard archival products, we will also release our drizzle combined FITS data as a High Level Science Product via the Multimission Archive at STScI (MAST) on December 31, 2006. This paper documents the key aspects of the observing program and image processing: calibration, image registration and combination (drizzling), and the rejection of cosmic rays and detector artifacts. Our processed FITS mosaics and related information can be downloaded from http://archive.stsci.edu/prepds/m82/

M. Mutchler; H. E. Bond; C. A. Christian; L. M. Frattare; F. Hamilton; W. Januszewski; Z. G. Levay; M. Mountain; K. S. Noll; P. Royle; J. S. Gallagher; P. Puxley

2006-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Hubble Space Telescope ACS mosaic of the prototypical starburst galaxy M82  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In March 2006, the Hubble Heritage Team obtained a large four-filter (B, V, I, and H-alpha) six-point mosaic dataset of the prototypical starburst galaxy NGC 3034 (M82), with the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) onboard the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). The resulting color composite Heritage image was released in April 2006, to celebrate Hubble's 16th anniversary. Cycle 15 HST proposers were encouraged to submit General Observer and Archival Research proposals to complement or analyze this unique dataset. Since our M82 mosaics represent a significant investment of expert processing beyond the standard archival products, we will also release our drizzle combined FITS data as a High Level Science Product via the Multimission Archive at STScI (MAST) on December 31, 2006. This paper documents the key aspects of the observing program and image processing: calibration, image registration and combination (drizzling), and the rejection of cosmic rays and detector artifacts. Our processed FITS mosaics and related inf...

Mutchler, M; Christian, C A; Frattare, L M; Hamilton, F; Januszewski, W; Levay, Z G; Mountain, M; Noll, K S; Royle, P; Gallagher, J S; Puxley, P

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Cosmic ray velocity and electric charge measurements with the AMS/RICH detector: prototype results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) to be installed on the International Space Station (ISS) will measure charged cosmic ray spectra of elements up to iron, in the rigidity range from 1 GV to 1 TV, for at least three years. AMS is a large angular spectrometer composed of different subdetectors, including a proximity focusing Ring Imaging CHerenkov (RICH) detector. This will be equipped with a mixed radiator made of aerogel and sodium fluoride (NaF), a lateral conical mirror and a detection plane made of 680 photomultipliers coupled to light guides. The RICH detector allows measurements of particle's electric charge up to iron, and particle's velocity. Two possible methods for reconstructing the Cherenkov angle and the electric charge with the RICH will be discussed. A RICH prototype consisting of a detection matrix with 96 photomultipliers, a segment of a conical mirror and samples of the radiator materials was built and its performance was evaluated using ion beam data. Results from the last test beam performed with ion fragments resulting from the collision of a 158 GeV/c/nucleon primary beam of indium ions (CERN SPS) on a lead target are reported. The large amount of collected data allowed to test and characterize different aerogel samples and the NaF radiator. In addition, the reflectivity of the mirror was evaluated. The data analysis confirms the design goals.

Lusa Arruda; Fernando Baro; Patrcia Gonalves; Rui Pereira

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

323

200-BP-1 Prototype Hanford Barrier -- 15 Years of Performance Monitoring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Monitoring is an essential component of engineered barrier system design and operation. A composite capacitive cover, including a capillary break and an evapotranspiration (ET) barrier at the Hanford Site, is generating data that can be used to help resolve these issues. The prototype Hanford barrier was constructed over the 216-B-57 Crib in 1994 to evaluate surface-barrier constructability, construction costs, and physical and hydrologic performance at the field scale. The barrier has been routinely monitored between November 1994 and September 1998 as part of a Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) treatability test of barrier performance for the 200 BP 1 Operable Unit. Since FY 1998, monitoring has focused on a more limited set of key water balance, stability, and biotic parameters. In FY 2009, data collection was focused on: (1) water-balance monitoring, consisting of precipitation, runoff, soil moisture storage, and drainage measurements with evapotranspiration calculated by difference; (2) stability monitoring, consisting of asphalt-layer-settlement, basalt-side-slope-stability, and surface-elevation measurements; (3) vegetation dynamics; and (4) animal use. September 2009 marked 15 years since the start of monitoring and the collection of performance data. This report describes the results of monitoring activities during the period October 1, 2008, through September 30, 2009, and summarizes the 15 years of performance data collected from September 1994 through September 2009.

Ward, Anderson L.; Draper, Kathryn E.; Link, Steven O.; Clayton, Ray E.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

324

Applications of inventory difference tool at Los Alamos Plutonium Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A prototype computer program reads the inventory entries directly from the Microsoft Access database. Based on historical data, the program then displays temporal trends and constructs a library of rules that encapsulate the system behavior. The analysis of inventory data is illustrated using a combination of realistic and simulated facility examples. Potential payoffs of this methodology include a reduction in time and resources needed to perform statistical tests and a broad applicability to DOE needs such as treaty verification.

Hench, K.W.; Longmire, V.; Yarbro, T.F.; Zardecki, A.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

325

Rock types, pore types, and hydrocarbon exploration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A proposed exploration-oriented method of classifying porosity in sedimentary rocks is based on microscopic examination cores or cuttings. Factors include geometry, size, abundance, and connectivity of the pores. The porosity classification is predictive of key petrophysical characteristics: porosity-permeability relationships, capillary pressures, and (less certainly) relative permeabilities. For instance, intercrystalline macroporosity typically is associated with high permeability for a given porosity, low capillarity, and favorable relative permeabilities. This is found to be true whether this porosity type occurs in a sucrosic dolomite or in a sandstone with pervasive quartz overgrowths. This predictive method was applied in three Rocky Mountain oil plays. Subtle pore throat traps could be recognized in the J sandstone (Cretaceous) in the Denver basin of Colorado by means of porosity permeability plotting. Variations in hydrocarbon productivity from a Teapot Formation (Cretaceous) field in the Powder River basin of Wyoming were related to porosity types and microfacies; the relationships were applied to exploration. Rock and porosity typing in the Red River Formation (Ordovician) reconciled apparent inconsistencies between drill-stem test, log, and mud-log data from a Williston basin wildcat. The well was reevaluated and completed successfully, resulting in a new field discovery. In each of these three examples, petrophysics was fundamental for proper evaluation of wildcat wells and exploration plays.

Coalson, E.B.; Hartmann, D.J.; Thomas, J.B.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Direct application of geothermal energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An overall treatment of direct geothermal applications is presented with an emphasis on the above-ground engineering. The types of geothermal resources and their general extent in the US are described. The potential market that may be served with geothermal energy is considered briefly. The evaluation considerations, special design aspects, and application approaches for geothermal energy use in each of the applications are considered. The present applications in the US are summarized and a bibliography of recent studies and applications is provided. (MHR)

Reistad, G.M.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Atomic Beam Merging and Suppression of Alkali Contaminants in Multi Body High Power Targets: Design and Test of Target and Ion Source Prototypes at ISOLDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The next generation of high power ISOL-facilities will deliver intense and pure radioactive ion beams. Two key issues of developments mandatory for the forthcoming generation of ISOL target-ion source units are assessed and demonstrated in this thesis. The design and production of target and ion-source prototypes is described and dedicated measurements at ISOLDE-CERN of their radioisotope yields are analyzed. The purity of short lived or rare radioisotopes suffer from isobaric contaminants, notably alkalis which are highly volatile and easily ionized elements. Therefore, relying on their chemical nature, temperature controlled transfer lines were equipped with a tube of quartz that aimed at trapping these unwanted elements before they reached the ion source. The successful application yields high alkali-suppression factors for several elements (ie: 80, 82mRb, 126, 142Cs, 8Li, 46K, 25Na, 114In, 77Ga, 95, 96Sr) for quartz temperatures between 300C and 1100C. The enthalpies of adsorption on quartz were measu...

Bouquerel, Elian J A; Lettry, J; Stora, T

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

FieldOffice Project # Applicant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Status of Application CDD Barstow CACA 47702 B212 Stirling Energy Systems, Inc. Solar Three 11/15/06 5,994 MUC: Limited & Moderate MILITARY: RED 914 Solar: pending solar thermal Near Pisgah North of I-40 T s Proposed (Mw) Project Type Geographic Area Status of Application CDD Barstow CACA 49357 First Solar

Laughlin, Robert B.

329

Superconducting materials for large scale applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant improvements in the properties ofsuperconducting materials have occurred recently. These improvements arebeing incorporated into the latest generation of wires, cables, and tapesthat are being used in a broad range of prototype devices. These devicesinclude new, high field accelerator and NMR magnets, magnets for fusionpower experiments, motors, generators, and power transmission lines.These prototype magnets are joining a wide array of existing applicationsthat utilize the unique capabilities of superconducting magnets:accelerators such as the Large Hadron Collider, fusion experiments suchas ITER, 930 MHz NMR, and 4 Tesla MRI. In addition, promising newmaterials such as MgB2 have been discovered and are being studied inorder to assess their potential for new applications. In this paper, wewill review the key developments that are leading to these newapplications for superconducting materials. In some cases, the key factoris improved understanding or development of materials with significantlyimproved properties. An example of the former is the development of Nb3Snfor use in high field magnets for accelerators. In other cases, thedevelopment is being driven by the application. The aggressive effort todevelop HTS tapes is being driven primarily by the need for materialsthat can operate at temperatures of 50 K and higher. The implications ofthese two drivers for further developments will be discussed. Finally, wewill discuss the areas where further improvements are needed in order fornew applications to be realized.

Scanlan, Ronald M.; Malozemoff, Alexis P.; Larbalestier, David C.

2004-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

330

Materials for defense/aerospace applications (NON-SV)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through this effort, Sandia and Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company (LM Aero) sought to assess the feasibility of (1) applying special materials to a defense application; (2) developing a piezoelectric-based micro thermophotovoltaic (TPV) cell; and (3) building and delivering a prototype laboratory emission measurement system. This project supported the Stockpile Research & Development Program by contributing to the development of radio frequency (RF) MEMS- and optical MEMS-based components - such as switches, phase shifters, oscillators, and filters - with improved performance and reduced weight and size. Investigation of failure mechanisms and solutions helped to ensure that MEMS-based technology will meet performance requirements and long term reliability goals in the specified environments dictated by Lockheed Martin's commercial and defense applications. The objectives of this project were to (1) fabricate and test materials for military applications; (2) perform a feasibility study of a piezoelectric-based micro TPV cell; and (3) build and deliver a prototype laboratory emission measurement system. Sandia fabricated and tested properties of materials, studied options for manufacturing scale-up, and delivered a prototype IR Emissometer. LM Aero provided material requirements and designs. Both participated in the investigation of attachment methods and environmental effects on material performance, a feasibility study of piezoelectric TPV cells, an investigation and development of new approaches to implement the required material functionality, and analysis and validation of material performance physics, numerical models, and experimental metrology.

Ellis, A. R.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Peculiarities of Environment Pollution as a Special Type of Radioactive Waste: Field Means for Comprehensive Characterization of Soil and Bottom Sediments and their Application in the Survey at the Flood plain of Techa River - 13172  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Contamination of natural objects - zone alarm fallout, zones and flood plains near production sites (the result of technological accidents and resource extraction) occupy large areas. Large area and volume of contaminated matter, moderate specific activity (as low - medium-level wastes) make such objects specific types of radioactive waste. These objects exist for a long time, now they are characterized by a bound state of nuclides with the matrix. There is no cost-effective ways to remove these waste, the only solution for the rehabilitation of such areas is their isolation and regular monitoring through direct and indirect measurements. The complex of instruments was developed to field mapping of contamination. It consists of a portable spectrometric collimated detector, collimated spectrometric borehole detector, underwater spectrometer detector, spectrometer for field measurements of the specific activity of Sr-90, connected to a portable MCA 'Colibry (Hummingbird)'. The complex was used in settlements of Bryansk region, rivers Techa and Yenisei. The effectiveness of the developed complex considered by the example of characterization of the reservoir 10 (artificial lake) in Techinsky cascade containing a huge amount of radioactive waste. The developed field means for comprehensive characterization of soil and bottom sediments contamination are very effective for mapping and monitoring of environment contamination after accidents. Especially in case of high non-uniformity of fallout and may be very actual in Fukushima area. (authors)

Ivanov, Oleg; Danilovich, Alexey; Potapov, Victor; Stepanov, Vyacheslav; Smirnov, Sergey; Volkovich, Anatoly [National Research Centre - Kurchatov Institute, 1 Kurchatov Sq. (Russian Federation)] [National Research Centre - Kurchatov Institute, 1 Kurchatov Sq. (Russian Federation)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Loading guide for dry-type power transformers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applicable to naturally cooled dry-type power transformers complying with IEC 60726. Permits the calculation of, and indicates the permissible loading under certain defined conditions in terms of rated current.

International Electrotechnical Commission. Geneva

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Model microfluidic platform prototyping : design and fabrication of a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) chip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is a molecular biology method for the in vitro amplification of nucleic acid molecules, which has wide applications in the areas of genetics, medicine and biochemistry. MEMS technology offers ...

Kumar, Sumeet, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Analysis of Tube Failure Propagation due to Overheating in a Prototype LMFBR Steam-Generator Geometry by Using QUARK-LP Ver.4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computer code QUARK-LP had been developed to analyze a leak propagation due to overheating in steam generator (SG) heat-transfer tubes of a liquid-metal cooled fast breeder reactor (LMFBR). In Version 4, the reaction zone was divided into three parts; (1) the steam rich zone, (2) the mixing zone and (3) the sodium rich zone, depending on the location from the failed tub. This version includes RELAP5/MOD3 to analyze thermal hydraulics of water/steam in detail. In the analysis using this computer code it was confirmed that leak propagation due to overheating does not happen in the Japanese prototype LMFBRs' SG as was revealed in the analysis of another organization. From the viewpoint of probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) for RIR (risk informed regulation), the applicability of QUARK-LP Version 4 to the analysis of leak propagation due to overheating was examined on a hypothetically severe situation. In order to simulate hypothetical leak propagation due to overheating under the rated power operation, the cover gas pressure detectors were assumed to lose their function in the analysis thereby causing a secondary tube failure intentionally. A series of leak propagation from the initial leak to the secondary leak were simulated, and the possibility of a new tube failure was examined. Based on the analyses, it has been confirmed that this code is able to be applied to the analysis of the tube failure propagation phenomena in a real plant system, and a tertiary leak does not happen even when a secondary leak was introduced intentionally as an application example. (authors)

Yoshihisa, Shindo; Kazuo, Haga [Incorporated Administrative Agency Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization (JNES), 4-3-20 Toranomon, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-0001 (Japan)

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Development of a Prototype Lattice Boltzmann Code for CFD of Fusion Systems.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Designs of proposed fusion reactors, such as the ITER project, typically involve the use of liquid metals as coolants in components such as heat exchangers, which are generally subjected to strong magnetic fields. These fields induce electric currents in the fluids, resulting in magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) forces which have important effects on the flow. The objective of this SBIR project was to develop computational techniques based on recently developed lattice Boltzmann techniques for the simulation of these MHD flows and implement them in a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code for the study of fluid flow systems encountered in fusion engineering. The code developed during this project, solves the lattice Boltzmann equation, which is a kinetic equation whose behaviour represents fluid motion. This is in contrast to most CFD codes which are based on finite difference/finite volume based solvers. The lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) is a relatively new approach which has a number of advantages compared with more conventional methods such as the SIMPLE or projection method algorithms that involve direct solution of the Navier-Stokes equations. These are that the LBM is very well suited to parallel processing, with almost linear scaling even for very large numbers of processors. Unlike other methods, the LBM does not require solution of a Poisson pressure equation leading to a relatively fast execution time. A particularly attractive property of the LBM is that it can handle flows in complex geometries very easily. It can use simple rectangular grids throughout the computational domain -- generation of a body-fitted grid is not required. A recent advance in the LBM is the introduction of the multiple relaxation time (MRT) model; the implementation of this model greatly enhanced the numerical stability when used in lieu of the single relaxation time model, with only a small increase in computer time. Parallel processing was implemented using MPI and demonstrated the ability of the LBM to scale almost linearly. The equation for magnetic induction was also solved using a lattice Boltzmann method. This approach has the advantage that it fits in well to the framework used for the hydrodynamic equations, but more importantly that it preserves the ability of the code to run efficiently on parallel architectures. Since the LBM is a relatively recent model, a number of new developments were needed to solve the magnetic induction equation for practical problems. Existing methods were only suitable for cases where the fluid viscosity and the magnetic resistivity are of the same order, and a preconditioning method was used to allow the simulation of liquid metals, where these properties differ by several orders of magnitude. An extension of this method to the hydrodynamic equations allowed faster convergence to steady state. A new method of imposing boundary conditions using an extrapolation technique was derived, enabling the magnetic field at a boundary to be specified. Also, a technique by which the grid can be stretched was formulated to resolve thin layers at high imposed magnetic fields, allowing flows with Hartmann numbers of several thousand to be quickly and efficiently simulated. In addition, a module has been developed to calculate the temperature field and heat transfer. This uses a total variation diminishing scheme to solve the equations and is again very amenable to parallelisation. Although, the module was developed with thermal modelling in mind, it can also be applied to passive scalar transport. The code is fully three dimensional and has been applied to a wide variety of cases, including both laminar and turbulent flows. Validations against a series of canonical problems involving both MHD effects and turbulence have clearly demonstrated the ability of the LBM to properly model these types of flow. As well as applications to fusion engineering, the resulting code is flexible enough to be applied to a wide range of other flows, in particular those requiring parallel computations with many processors. For example, at

Pattison, Martin J; Premnath, Kannan N; Banerjee, Sanjoy; Dwivedi, Vinay

2007-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

336

Development of a Low Cost Heat Pump Water Heater - Second Prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the 1980s various attempts have been made to apply the efficiency of heat pumps to water heating. The products generated in the 80s and 90s were not successful, due in part to a lack of reliability and difficulties with installation and servicing. At the turn of the century, EnvironMaster International (EMI) produced a heat pump water heater (HPWH) based on a design developed by Arthur D. Little (ADL), with subsequent developmental assistance from Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and ADL. This design was a drop-in replacement for conventional electric water heaters. In field and durability testing conducted by ORNL, it proved to be reliable and saved on average more than 50% of the energy used by the best conventional electric water heater. However, the retail price set by EMI was very high, and it failed in the market. ORNL was tasked to examine commercially available HPWH product technology and manufacturing processes for cost saving opportunities. Several cost saving opportunities were found. To verify the feasibility of these cost saving measures, ORNL completed a conceptual design for an HPWH based on an immersed condenser coil that could be directly inserted into a standard water tank through a sleeve affixed to one of the standard penetrations at the top of the tank. After some experimentation, a prototype unit was built with a double-wall coil inserted into the tank. When tested it achieved an energy factor (EF) of 2.12 to 2.2 using DOE-specified test procedures. A.O. Smith contacted ORNL in May 2006 expressing their interest in the ORNL design. The prototype unit was shipped to A.O. Smith to be tested in their laboratory. After they completed their test, ORNL analyzed the raw test data provided by A.O. Smith and calculated the EF to be approximately 1.92. The electric resistance heating elements of a conventional electric water heater are typically retained in a heat pump water heater to provide auxiliary heating capacity in periods of high demand. A.O. Smith informed us that when they applied electric resistance backup heating, using the criterion that resistance heat would be applied whenever the upper thermostat saw water temperatures below the heater s nominal setpoint of 135oF, they found that the EF dropped to approximately 1.5. This is an extremely conservative criterion for backup resistance heating. In a field test of the previously mentioned EMI heat pump water heater, residential consumers found satisfactory performance when the criterion for use of electric resistance backup heating was the upper temperature dropping below the set point minus 27 degrees. Applying this less conservative criterion to the raw data from the original A.O. Smith EF tests indicates that electric resistance heating would never have come on during the test, and thus the EF would have remained in the vicinity of 1.9. A.O. Smith expressed concern about having an EF below 2, as that value triggers certain tax advantages and would assist in their marketing of the product. We believe that insertion of additional length of tubing plus a less conservative set point for electric resistance backup heating would remedy this concern. However, as of this writing, A.O. Smith has not decided to proceed with a commercial product.

Mei, V. C. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Retired); Craddick, William G [ORNL

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Prototype Radiation Detector Positioning System For The Automated Nondestructive Assay Of Uf6 Cylinders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspectors currently perform periodic inspections at uranium enrichment plants to verify UF6 cylinder enrichment declarations. Measurements are typically performed with handheld high-resolution sensors on a sampling of cylinders taken to be representative of the facilitys entire cylinder inventory. These measurements are time-consuming, expensive, and assay only a small fraction of the total cylinder volume. An automated nondestructive assay system capable of providing enrichment measurements over the full volume of the cylinder could improve upon current verification practices in terms of efficiency and assay accuracy. This paper describes an approach denoted the Integrated Cylinder Verification Station (ICVS) that supports 100% cylinder verification, provides volume-averaged cylinder enrichment assay, and reduces inspector manpower needs. To allow field measurements to be collected to validate data collection algorithms, a prototype radiation detector positioning system was constructed. The system was designed to accurately position an array of radiation detectors along the length of a cylinder to measure UF6 enrichment. A number of alternative radiation shields for the detectors were included with the system. A collimated gamma-ray spectrometer module that allows translation of the detectors in the surrounding shielding to adjust the field of view, and a collimating plug in the end to further reduce the low-energy field of view, were also developed. Proof-of-principle measurements of neutron and high-energy gamma-ray signatures, using moderated neutron detectors and large-volume spectrometers in a fixed-geometry, portal-like configuration, supported an early assessment of the viability of the concept. The system has been used successfully on two testing campaigns at an AREVA fuel fabrication plant to scan over 30 product cylinders. This paper will describe the overall design of the detector positioning system and provide an overview of the Integrated Cylinder Verification Station (ICVS) approach.

Hatchell, Brian K.; Valdez, Patrick LJ; Orton, Christopher R.; Mace, Emily K.

2011-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

338

Design report on the SSCL prototype 80 K Synchrotron Radiation Liner System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the effort to develop a viable design for an SSC prototype 80 K Synchrotron Radiation Liner System. This liner is designed to be tested in the Superconducting Super Collider Accelerator Systems String Test (ASST) facility. The liner is one method under consideration to minimize the presence of photodesorbed gases in the particle beam line vacuum environment. Secondly, the liner is aimed at improving the Collider cryogenic thermal efficiency which would allow a potential luminosity upgrade. The SSC Collider is the first proton superconducting accelerator designed to operate at an energy of 20 TeV (each beam) and a beam current of 72 mA. The Collider will produce a synchrotron power of 0.14 W/m and a total of 18 kW into 4.2 K for the two rings. This radiated power may trigger a serious impact of photodesorbed gases on the operational availability of the Collider. The interaction between beam particle and photodesorbed gases may greatly reduce the beam lifetime and the scattered beam power may lead to quenching of the superconducting magnets. Collider availability may be unacceptable if this concern is not properly addressed. The liner is one method under consideration to minimize the presence of photodesorbed gases in the particle beam line vacuum. Secondly, the liner is aimed improving the Collider`s cryogenic thermal efficiency which would allow a potential luminosity upgrade. The ultimate goal is to require no more than one machine warm up per year for vacuum maintenance during operation of the SSC Collider.

Shu, Q.S.; Barts, T.; Chou, W. [and others

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Performance assessment and adoption processes of an information monitoring and diagnostic system prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report addresses the problem that buildings do not perform as well as anticipated during design. We partnered with an innovative building operator to evaluate a prototype Information Monitoring and Diagnostic System (IMDS). The IMDS consists of high-quality measurements archived each minute, a data visualization tool, and a web-based capability. The operators recommend similar technology be adopted in other buildings. The IMDS has been used to identify and correct a series of control problems. It has also allowed the operators to make more effective use of the building control system, freeing up time to take care of other tenant needs. They believe they have significantly improved building comfort, potentially improving tenant health, and productivity. The reduction in hours to operate the building are worth about $20,000 per year, which could pay for the IMDS in about five years. A control system retrofit based on findings from the IMDS is expected to reduce energy use by 20 percent over the next year, worth over $30,000 per year. The main conclusion of the model-based chiller fault detection work is that steady-state models can be used as reference models to monitor chiller operation and detect faults. The ability of the IMDS to measure cooling load and chiller power to one-percent accuracy with a one-minute sampling interval permits detection of additional faults. Evolutionary programming techniques were also evaluated, showing promise in the detection of patterns in building data. We also evaluated two technology adoption processes, radical and routine. In routine adoption, managers enhance features of existing products that are already well understood. In radical adoption, innovative building managers introduce novel technology into their organizations without using the rigorous payback criteria used in routine innovations.

Piette, Mary Ann

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

A Detailed Study of FDIRC Prototype with Waveform Digitizing Electronics in Cosmic Ray Telescope Using 3D Tracks.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a detailed study of a novel Cherenkov imaging detector called the Focusing DIRC (FDIRC) with waveform digitizing electronics. In this test study, the FDIRC prototype has been instrumented with seven Hamamatsu H-8500 MaPMTs. Waveforms from ~450 pixels are digitized with waveform sampling electronics based on the BLAB2 ASIC, operating at a sampling speed of ~2.5 GSa/s. The FDIRC prototype was tested in a large cosmic ray telescope (CRT) providing 3D muon tracks with ~1.5 mrad angular resolution and muon energy of Emuon greater than 1.6 GeV. In this study we provide a detailed analysis of the tails in the Cherenkov angle distribution as a function of various variables, compare experimental results with simulation, and identify the major contributions to the tails. We demonstrate that to see the full impact of these tails on the Cherenkov angle resolution, it is crucial to use 3D tracks, and have a full understanding of the role of ambiguities. These issues could not be fully explored in previous FDIRC studies where the beam was perpendicular to the quartz radiator bars. This work is relevant for the final FDIRC prototype of the PID detector at SuperB, which will be tested this year in the CRT setup.

Nishimura, K

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A Detailed Study of FDIRC Prototype with Waveform Digitizing Electronics in Cosmic Ray Telescope Using 3D Tracks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a detailed study of a novel Cherenkov imaging detector called the Focusing DIRC (FDIRC) with waveform digitizing electronics. In this test study, the FDIRC prototype has been instrumented with seven Hamamatsu H-8500 MaPMTs. Waveforms from {approx}450 pixels are digitized with waveform sampling electronics based on the BLAB2 ASIC, operating at a sampling speed of {approx}2.5 GSa/s. The FDIRC prototype was tested in a large cosmic ray telescope (CRT) providing 3D muon tracks with {approx}1.5 mrad angular resolution and muon energy of E{sub muon} > 1.6 GeV. In this study we provide a detailed analysis of the tails in the Cherenkov angle distribution as a function of various variables, compare experimental results with simulation, and identify the major contributions to the tails. We demonstrate that to see the full impact of these tails on the Cherenkov angle resolution, it is crucial to use 3D tracks, and have a full understanding of the role of ambiguities. These issues could not be fully explored in previous FDIRC studies where the beam was perpendicular to the quartz radiator bars. This work is relevant for the final FDIRC prototype of the PID detector at SuperB, which will be tested this year in the CRT setup.

Nishimura, K.; Dey, B.; /Hawaii U. /UC, Riverside; Aston, D.; Leith, D.W.G.S.; Ratcliff, B.; /SLAC; Roberts, D.; /Maryland U.; Ruckman, L.; /Hawaii U.; Shtol, D.; /Novosibirsk, IYF; Varner, G.S.; /Hawaii U.; Va'vra, J.; Vavra, Jerry; /SLAC; ,

2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

342

PSACI UPDATE: (January 15, 2005) The Call for Proposals for the SciDAC FSP Proto-type Centers has now been officially  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

now been officially posted at the web-site: http://www.sc.doe.gov/grants/FAPN05-11.html The two areas

343

Document Type: Subject Terms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Title: Authors: Source: Document Type: Subject Terms: Abstract: Full Text Word Count: ISSN at creating team results. In fact, it's priceless. Managers in Western corporations have received a lifetime

Major, Arkady

344

Termination of algebraic type systems: the syntactic approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Termination of algebraic type systems: the syntactic approach Gilles Barthe and Femke van Raamsdonk applications in proof­checking. A natural question in this field concerns the termination or strong normalisation of such systems and is as follows: given a terminating type system T and a terminating rewriting

van Raamsdonk, Femke

345

Predicting hottest spot temperatures in ventilated dry type transformer windings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Test data indicates that hottest spot allowances used in IEEE standards for ventilated dry type transformers above 500 kVA are too low. A mathematical model to predict hottest spot temperature rises in ventilated dry type transformers was developed. Data from six layer type test windings and a 2500 kva prototype was used to refine the model. A correlation for the local heat transfer coefficient in the cooling ducts was developed. The model was used to study the effect of various parameters on the ratio of hottest spot to average winding temperature rise. The number of conductor layers, insulation thickness, and conductor strand size were found to have only a minor effect on the ratio. Winding height was found to be the main parameter influencing the ratio of hottest spot to average winding temperature rise. The study based on the mathematical model confirmed previous conclusions based on test data that the hottest spot allowances used in IEEE standards for ventilated dry type transformers above 500 kVA should be revised.

Pierce, L.W. (General Electric Co., Rome, GA (United States))

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

A prototype high-temperature superconducting coil for the 32 T all-superconducting magnet was constructed with YBCO tape and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A prototype high-temperature superconducting coil for the 32 T all- superconducting magnet T All-Superconducting Magnet Hubertus W. Weijers, W.D. Markiewicz, H. Bai, S.T. Hannahs National High

Weston, Ken

347

Fluorescence-type Monochromatic X-ray Beam-position Monitor with High-spatial Resolution for the NSLS-II Beamlines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We developed a fluorescence-type monochromatic X-ray beam-position monitor (X-BPM) with high-spatial resolution for end-station experiments at the initial project beamlines of the NSLS-II. We designed a ring array of multi-segmented Si PIN-junction photodiodes to use as a position sensor. Further, we integrated a low-noise charge-preamplification HERMES4 ASIC chip into an electronic readout system for photon-counting application. A series of precision measurements to characterize electronically the Si-photodiode sensor and the ASIC chip demonstrated that the inherent noise from the detector system is sufficiently low to meet our stringent requirements. Using a Gaussian beam, we parametrically modeled the optimum working distance to ensure the detector's best performance. Based upon the results from the parametric modeling, prototypes of the next versions of the X-BPM are being developed. In this paper, we describe the methodology for developing the new compact monochromatic X-ray BPM, including its instrumentation, detector modeling, and future plan.

Yoon, Phil S. [Experimental Facility Division, NSLS-II, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States); Siddons, D. Peter [Experimental Systems, NSLS, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

348

Rapid Prototyping for Digital Signal Processing Systems using Parameterized Synchronous Dataflow Graphs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Synchronous Dataflow (SDF), proposed in [2], is the first dataflow-based model of computation to gain broad optimization are developed in the context of SDF (e.g., see [3]). Although an important class of useful DSP applications can be modeled efficiently in SDF, the expressive power of SDF is restricted since SDF imposes

Bhattacharyya, Shuvra S.

349

Hypergeometric type operators and their supersymmetric partners  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The generalization of the factorization method performed by Mielnik [J. Math. Phys. 25, 3387 (1984)] opened new ways to generate exactly solvable potentials in quantum mechanics. We present an application of Mielnik's method to hypergeometric type operators. It is based on some solvable Riccati equations and leads to a unitary description of the quantum systems exactly solvable in terms of orthogonal polynomials or associated special functions.

Cotfas, Nicolae [Faculty of Physics, University of Bucharest, PO Box 76 - 54, Post Office 76, 062590 Bucharest (Romania); Cotfas, Liviu Adrian [Faculty of Economic Cybernetics, Statistics and Informatics, Academy of Economic Studies, 6 Piata Romana, 010374 Bucharest (Romania)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

350

Welding type 347 stainless steel -- An interpretive report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stainless steels fall into three major classifications: ferritic, austenitic and martensitic. Type 347 stainless steels are classified as austenitic, though, as well be described later, they may contain small amounts of ferrite as well. They are of the 18-8 chromium-nickel type with up to 1% niobium, an element once referred to as columbium. Type 347 stainless steel is the primary focus of this document. Similar stainless steels containing niobium will be included, such as Types 348 and 309Nb, as these are frequently encountered in certain applications in welded construction. Ferritic and duplex stainless steels, some of which may contain niobium, are not within the scope of this report. This report covers the following topics: applicable welding processes; composition; properties; ferrite potential effect of weld thermal cycle; post-weld heat treatments; cracks and microfissures; and industrial applications.

Thomas, R.D. Jr.; Messler, R.W. Jr.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Spectrometer Type Connes'-type 4-port Fourier Transform Spectrometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prototype. CFC11 CFC12 HNO3 O3 CO2 27.6 km 25.3 km 23.0 km 20.7 km 18.4 km 16.1 km 13.8 km 11.5 km 9.2 km dependence. O3, CO2 and H2O spectral lines are also visible. The surface is obscured by clouds (detectors of the spectrum (top) and the variation of brightness temperatures across the detector array (bottom) CO2 H2O, N2O

352

Geographic Information Systems-Transportation ISTEA management systems server-net prototype pooled fund study: Phase B summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Geographic Information System-Transportation (GIS-T) ISTEA Management Systems Server Net Prototype Pooled Fund Study represents the first national cooperative effort in the transportation industry to address the management and monitoring systems as well as the statewide and metropolitan transportation planning requirements of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA). The Study was initiated in November 1993 through the Alliance for Transportation Research and under the leadership of the New Mexico State Highway and Transportation Department. Sandia National Laboratories, an Alliance partner, and Geographic Paradigm Computing. Inc. provided technical leadership for the project. In 1992, the Alliance for Transportation Research, the New Mexico State Highway and Transportation Department, Sandia National Laboratories, and Geographic Paradigm Computing, Inc., proposed a comprehensive research agenda for GIS-T. That program outlined a national effort to synthesize new transportation policy initiatives (e.g., management systems and Intelligent Transportation Systems) with the GIS-T server net ideas contained in the NCHRP project {open_quotes}Adaptation of GIS to Transportation{close_quotes}. After much consultation with state, federal, and private interests, a project proposal based on this agenda was prepared and resulted in this Study. The general objective of the Study was to develop GIS-T server net prototypes supporting the ISTEA requirements for transportation planning and management and monitoring systems. This objective can be further qualified to: (1) Create integrated information system architectures and design requirements encompassing transportation planning activities and data. (2) Encourage the development of functional GIS-T server net prototypes. (3) Demonstrate multiple information systems implemented in a server net environment.

Espinoza, J. Jr.; Dean, C.D.; Armstrong, H.M. [and others

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Fuel cells -- An increasingly competitive reality now for on-site applications and for mobile applications before the year 2000  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A fuel cell converts the energy released when hydrogen and oxygen combine to produce water, directly into electricity and heat--without combustion and without moving parts. Fuel cells are inherently clean, highly efficient and reliable. The most attractive near-term application is commercial cogeneration followed by distributed power. A fleet of over 70 ONSI 200 kW cogeneration plants has demonstrated reliability and durability significantly better than mature conventional cogeneration equipment. The cities of Chicago and Vancouver will introduce small fleets of prototype commercial fuel cell buses over the next two years and Daimler-Benz launched a prototype fuel cell powered car in May 1996. The US and Japanese governments are providing commercialization support to accelerate the market introduction of near-term stationary systems and plant will achieve competitive costs by 1998/99. Commercial buses will become available in 1998 and cars are expected within the following decade.

Nurdin, M.A.B. [World Fuel Cell Council, Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Evaluation of the Fish Passage Effectiveness of the Bonneville I Prototype Surface Collector using Three-Dimensional Ultrasonic Fish Tracking  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes tests conducted at Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River in the spring of 2000 using three-dimensional acoustic telemetry and computational fluid dynamics hydraulic modeling to observe the response of outmigrating juvenile steelhead and yearling chinook to a prototype surface collector installed at the Powerhouse. The study described in this report was one of several conducted for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to prepare a decision document on which of two bypass methods: surface flow bypass or extended-length submersible bar screens to use to help smolts pass around Bonneville dams without going through the turbines.

Faber, Derrek M.; Weiland, Mark A.; Moursund, Robert; Carlson, Thomas J.; Adams, Noah; Rhondorf, D.

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Monitoring and Evaluation of the Prototype Surface Collector at Bonneville First Powerhouse in 2000: Synthesis of Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes research done to evaluate the Prototype Surface Collector at Bonneville Dam, Powerhouse I, on the Columbia River. The surface collector is being evaluated as a means for bringing downstream migrating salmon and steelhead through the powerhouse while avoiding the turbines. The report describes evaluations conducted by PNNL, National Marine Fisheries Service, and various contractors using radio telemetry, hydroacoustics, and computational fluid dynamics models. The evaluation will provide information to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers for their 2001 decision on whether to use surface flow bypass or extended-length submersible bar screens for long-term smolt passage at Bonneville Dam.

Johnson, Gary E.; Carlson, Thomas J.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Porous electrodes and prototypes of secondary cells based on a novel electrochemical system graphite-HBF{sub 4}-anthraquinone  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Porous electrodes and experimental prototypes of rechargeable batteries based on a novel electrochemical system graphite-HBF{sub 4} + tetrafluoroborate additives-anthraquinone are developed. Intercalation of anions in the graphite electrode is studied in detail and the intercalation potential is determined (E{sub i} {approximately} 1.55 V vs. Ag-AgCl). Side reactions proceeding concurrently with primary current-generating processes at the electrodes are described. Feasibility of hermetically sealing a battery based on the new system due to anthrahydroquinone`s ability to reduce oxygen that evolves during charging is demonstrated.

Barsukov, V.Z. [Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Kiev (Ukraine); Barsukov, I.V.; Motronyuk, T.I. [Kiev Polytechnical Institute (Ukraine); Beck, F. [Univ. of Duisburg (Germany)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Financial Analysis of Incentive Mechanisms to Promote Energy Efficiency: Case Study of a Prototypical Southwest Utility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many state regulatory commissions and policymakers want utilities to aggressively pursue energy efficiency as a strategy to mitigate demand and energy growth, diversify the resource mix, and provide an alternative to building new, costly generation. However, as the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (NAPEE 2007) points out, many utilities continue to shy away from aggressively expanding their energy efficiency efforts when their shareholder's fundamental financial interests are placed at risk by doing so. Thus, there is increased interest in developing effective ratemaking and policy approaches that address utility disincentives to pursue energy efficiency or lack of incentives for more aggressive energy efficiency efforts. New regulatory initiatives to promote increased utility energy efficiency efforts also affect the interests of consumers. Ratepayers and their advocates are concerned with issues of fairness, impacts on rates, and total consumer costs. From the perspective of energy efficiency advocates, the quid pro quo for utility shareholder incentives is the obligation to acquire all, or nearly all, achievable cost-effective energy efficiency. A key issue for state regulators and policymakers is how to maximize the cost-effective energy efficiency savings attained while achieving an equitable sharing of benefits, costs and risks among the various stakeholders. In this study, we modeled a prototypical vertically-integrated electric investor-owned utility in the southwestern US that is considering implementing several energy efficiency portfolios. We analyze the impact of these energy efficiency portfolios on utility shareholders and ratepayers as well as the incremental effect on each party when lost fixed cost recovery and/or utility shareholder incentive mechanisms are implemented. A primary goal of our quantitative modeling is to provide regulators and policymakers with an analytic framework and tools that assess the financial impacts of alternative incentive approaches on utility shareholders and customers if energy efficiency is implemented under various utility operating, cost, and supply conditions.We used and adapted a spreadsheet-based financial model (the Benefits Calculator) which was developed originally as a tool to support the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (NAPEE). The major steps in our analysis are displayed graphically in Figure ES- 1. Two main inputs are required: (1) characterization of the utility which includes its initial financial and physical market position, a forecast of the utility?s future sales, peak demand, and resource strategy to meet projected growth; and (2) characterization of the Demand-Side Resource (DSR) portfolio ? projected electricity and demand savings, costs and economic lifetime of a portfolio of energy efficiency (and/or demand response) programs that the utility is planning or considering implementing during the analysis period. The Benefits Calculator also estimates total resource costs and benefits of the DSR portfolio using a forecast of avoided capacity and energy costs. The Benefits Calculator then uses inputs provided in the Utility Characterization to produce a ?business-as usual? base case as well as alternative scenarios that include energy efficiency resources, including the corresponding utility financial budgets required in each case. If a decoupling and/or a shareholder incentive mechanism are instituted, the Benefits Calculator model readjusts the utility?s revenue requirement and retail rates accordingly. Finally, for each scenario, the Benefits Calculator produces several metrics that provides insights on how energy efficiency resources, decoupling and/or a shareholder incentive mechanism impacts utility shareholders (e.g. overall earnings, return on equity), ratepayers (e.g., average customer bills and rates) and society (e.g. net resource benefits).

Cappers, Peter; Goldman, Charles; Chait, Michele; Edgar, George; Schlegel, Jeff; Shirley, Wayne

2009-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

358

Dust around Type Ia supernovae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dust around Type Ia supernovae Lifan Wang 1,2 LawrenceIa. Subject headings: Supernovae: General, Dust, Extinctionline) bands for Type Ia supernovae. (a), upper panel, shows

Wang, Lifan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Wolter type i LAMAR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Observational objectives for the LAMAR and their influence on the instrument design are discussed. It is concluded that the most important design parameter is the angular resolution of the LAMAR modules since it so strongly influences sensitivity, optical identifications, source confusion, spectral resolution for objective gratings and the ability to resolve small extended sources. A high resolution Wolter Type I LAMAR module is described, its hardware status discussed, and the performance of a LAMAR observatory presented. A promising technique for enhancing the reflectivity of Wolter Type I X-ray optics in a selected bandpass at high energy has been investigated and the performance of the LAMAR module, utilizing this method, has been calculated.

Catura, R.C.; Joki, E.G.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Definitions: Types of Commissioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Workshop on the Continuous Commissioning Process Joseph T. Martinez, PCC Carlos Yagua, PE Hiroko Masuda, Juan-Carlos Baltazar, PhD, PE Ahmet Ugursal, PhD Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency (CATEE) Conference, Dallas, Texas. November 18, 2014... 5. Continuous Commissioning Measures 6. Measurement and Verification ESL-KT-14-11-41 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Definitions: Types of Commissioning Joseph T. Martinez, PCC Carlos Yagua, PE Hiroko...

Martinez, J. T.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Development of the Variable Atmosphere Testing Facility for Blow-Down Analysis of the Mars Hopper Prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent developments at the Center for Space Nuclear Research (CSNR) on a Martian exploration probe have lead to the assembly of a multi-functional variable atmosphere testing facility (VATF). The VATF has been assembled to perform transient blow-down analysis of a radioisotope thermal rocket (RTR) concept that has been proposed for the Mars Hopper; a long-lived, long-ranged mobile platform for the Martian surface. This study discusses the current state of the VATF as well as recent blow-down testing performed on a laboratory-scale prototype of the Mars Hopper. The VATF allows for the simulation of Mars ambient conditions within the pressure vessel as well as to safely perform blow-down tests through the prototype using CO2 gas; the proposed propellant for the Mars Hopper. Empirical data gathered will lead to a better understanding of CO2 behavior and will provide validation of simulation models. Additionally, the potential of the VATF to test varying propulsion system designs has been recognized. In addition to being able to simulate varying atmospheres and blow-down gases for the RTR, it can be fitted to perform high temperature hydrogen testing of fuel elements for nuclear thermal propulsion.

Nathan D. Jerred; Robert C. O'Brien; Steven D. Howe; James E. O'Brien

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Comparative Study of Laboratory-Scale and Prototypic Production-Scale Fuel Fabrication Processes and Product Characteristics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abstract An objective of the High Temperature Gas Reactor fuel development and qualification program for the United States Department of Energy has been to qualify fuel fabricated in prototypic production-scale equipment. The quality and characteristics of the tristructural isotropic coatings on fuel kernels are influenced by the equipment scale and processing parameters. Some characteristics affecting product quality were suppressed while others have become more significant in the larger equipment. Changes to the composition and method of producing resinated graphite matrix material has eliminated the use of hazardous, flammable liquids and enabled it to be procured as a vendor-supplied feed stock. A new method of overcoating TRISO particles with the resinated graphite matrix eliminates the use of hazardous, flammable liquids, produces highly spherical particles with a narrow size distribution, and attains product yields in excess of 99%. Compact fabrication processes have been scaled-up and automated with relatively minor changes to compact quality to manual laboratory-scale processes. The impact on statistical variability of the processes and the products as equipment was scaled are discussed. The prototypic production-scale processes produce test fuels that meet fuel quality specifications.

Douglas W. Marshall

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION OF A SUPERCRITICAL HELIUM-COOLED CRYOGENIC VISCOUS COMPRESSOR PROTOTYPE FOR THE ITER VACUUM SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the vacuum system for the ITER fusion project, a cryogenic viscouscompressor (CVC) is being developed to collect hydrogenic exhaust gases from the toruscryopumps and compress them to a high enough pressure by regeneration for pumping tothe tritium reprocessing facility. Helium impurities that are a byproduct of the fusionreactions pass through the CVC and are pumped by conventional vacuum pumps andexhausted to the atmosphere. Before the development of a full-scale CVC, a representative,small-scale test prototype was designed, fabricated, and tested. With cooling provided bycold helium gas, hydrogen gas was introduced into the central column of the test prototypepump at flow rates between 0.001 g/s and 0.008 g/s. Based on the temperatures and flowrates of the cold helium gas, different percentages of hydrogen gas were frozen to the column surface wall as the hydrogen gas flow rate increased. Results from the measured temperatures and pressures will form a benchmark that will be used to judge future heattransfer enhancements to the prototype CVC and to develop a computational fluid dynamicmodel that will help develop design parameters for the full-scale CVC.

Duckworth, Robert C [ORNL; Baylor, Larry R [ORNL; Meitner, Steven J [ORNL; Combs, Stephen Kirk [ORNL; Rasmussen, David A [ORNL; Edgemon, Timothy D [ORNL; Hechler, Michael P [ORNL; Barbier, Charlotte N [ORNL; Pearce, R.J.H. [ITER Organization, Cadarache, France; Kersevan, R. [ITER Organization, Cadarache, France; Dremel, M. [ITER Organization, Cadarache, France; Boissin, Jean Claude [Consultant

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Effects of vibrational motion on core-level spectra of prototype organic molecules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computational approach is presented for prediction and interpretation of core-level spectra of complex molecules. Applications are presented for several isolated organic molecules, sampling a range of chemical bonding and structural motifs. Comparison with gas phase measurements indicate that spectral lineshapes are accurately reproduced both above and below the ionization potential, without resort to ad hoc broadening. Agreement with experiment is significantly improved upon inclusion of vibrations via molecular dynamics sampling. We isolate and characterize spectral features due to particular electronic transitions enabled by vibrations, noting that even zero-point motion is sufficient in some cases.

Uejio, Janel S.; Schwartz, Craig P.; Saykally, Richard J.; Prendergast, David

2008-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

365

Idaho Application for Permit to Convert a Geothermal Injection...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Form: Idaho Application for Permit to Convert a Geothermal Injection Well - Form 4003-3 Form Type ApplicationNotice Form...

366

Renewal Application  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Renewal Individual Permit Renewal Application The Permit expires March 31, 2014 and existing permit conditions will be in effect until a new permit is issued. The Permittees...

367

Forecast Technical Document Forecast Types  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forecast Technical Document Forecast Types A document describing how different forecast types are implemented in the 2011 Production Forecast system. Tom Jenkins Robert Matthews Ewan Mackie Lesley Halsall #12;PF2011 ­ Forecast Types Background Different `types' of forecast are possible for a specified area

368

Development of A Self Biased High Efficiency Solid-State Neutron Detector for MPACT Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron detection is an important aspect of materials protection, accounting, and control for transmutation (MPACT). Currently He-3 filled thermal neutron detectors are utilized in many applications; these detectors require high-voltage bias for operation, which complicates the system when multiple detectors are used. In addition, due to recent increase in homeland security activity and the nuclear renaissance, there is a shortage of He-3, and these detectors become more expensive. Instead, cheap solid-state detectors that can be mass produced like any other computer chips will be developed. The new detector does not require a bias for operation, has low gamma sensitivity, and a fast response. The detection system is based on a honeycomb-like silicon device, which is filled with B-10 as the neutron converter; while a silicon p-n diode (i.e., solar cell type device) formed on the thin silicon wall of the honeycomb structure detects the energetic charged particles emitted from the B-10 conversion layer. Such a detector has ~40% calculated thermal neutron detection efficiency with an overall detector thickness of about 200 ?m. Stacking of these devices allows over 90% thermal neutron detection efficiency. The goal of the proposed research is to develop a high-efficiency, low-noise, self-powered solid-state neutron detector system based on the promising results of the existing research program. A prototype of this solid-state neutron detector system with sufficient detector size (up to 8-inch diam., but still portable and inexpensive) and integrated with interface electronics (e.g., preamplifier) will be designed, fabricated, and tested as a coincidence counter for MPACT applications. All fabrications proposed are based on silicon-compatible processing; thus, an extremely cheap detector system could be massively produced like any other silicon chips. Such detectors will revolutionize current neutron detection systems by providing a solid-state alternative to traditional gas-based neutron detectors.

Danon, Yaron; Bhat, Ishwara; Jian-Qiang Lu, James

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

369

Neutron-Rich Isotope Production Using a Uranium Carbide Carbon Nanotubes SPES Target Prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SPES (Selective Production of Exotic Species) project, under development at the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare - Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro (INFN-LNL), is a new-generation Isotope Separation On-Line (ISOL) facility for the production of radioactive ion beams by means of the proton-induced fission of uranium. In the framework of the research on the SPES target, seven uranium carbide discs, obtained by reacting uranium oxide with graphite and carbon nanotubes, were irradiated with protons at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). In the following, the yields of several fission products obtained during the experiment are presented and discussed. The experimental results are then compared to those obtained using a standard uranium carbide target. The reported data highlights the capability of the new type of SPES target to produce and release isotopes of interest for the nuclear physics community.

Corradetti, Stefano [ORNL; Biasetto, Lisa [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Italy; Manzolaro, Mattia [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Italy; Scarpa, Daniele [ORNL; Carturan, S. [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Italy; Andrighetto, Alberto [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Italy; Prete, Gianfranco [ORNL; Vasquez, Jose L [ORNL; Zanonato, P. [Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Padova, Italy; Colombo, P. [Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica, Padova, Italy; Jost, Carola [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Stracener, Daniel W [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

n-Type diamond and method for producing same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new n-type semiconducting diamond is disclosed, which is doped with n-type dopant atoms. Such diamond is advantageously formed by chemical vapor deposition from a source gas mixture comprising a carbon source compound for the diamond, and a volatile hot wire filament for the n-type impurity species, so that the n-type impurity atoms are doped in the diamond during its formation. A corresponding chemical vapor deposition method of forming the n-type semiconducting diamond is disclosed. The n-type semiconducting diamond of the invention may be usefully employed in the formation of diamond-based transistor devices comprising pn diamond junctions, and in other microelectronic device applications.

Anderson, Richard J. (Oakland, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Power applications of high-temperature superconductivity: Variable speed motors, current switches, and energy storage for end use  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to conduct joint research and development activities related to certain electric power applications of high-temperature superconductivity (HTS). The new superconductors may allow development of an energy-efficient switch to control current to variable speed motors, superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) systems, and other power conversion equipment. Motor types that were considered include induction, permanent magnet, and superconducting ac motors. Because it is impractical to experimentally alter certain key design elements in radial-gap motors, experiments were conducted on an axial field superconducting motor prototype using 4 NbTi magnets. Superconducting magnetic energy storage technology with 0.25--5 kWh stored energy was studied as a viable solution to short duration voltage sag problems on the customer side of the electric meter. The technical performance characteristics of the device wee assembled, along with competing technologies such as active power line conditioners with storage, battery-based uninterruptible power supplies, and supercapacitors, and the market potential for SMES was defined. Four reports were prepared summarizing the results of the project.

Hawsey, R.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Banerjee, B.B.; Grant, P.M. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Application of X-ray K-edge densitometry in D and D operations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

K-edge densitometry is a nondestructive assay technique which provides accurate measurement of heavy metal contamination in pipes, containers, and other items encountered in D and D operations. A prototype mobile K-edge instrument has been built and demonstrated in several applications. Results from measurements of uranium in pipes and spent reactor fuel plates, and quantification of mercury and lead in waste drums are presented. In this report the authors briefly describe the theory behind K-edge densitometry. They follow that with a description of the prototype system they have developed, and a presentation of results from demonstrations of this system. They conclude with a discussion of the potential for application of K-edge analysis in D and D operations.

Jensen, T.; Aljundi, T.; Gray, J.N. [Ames Lab., IA (United States)]|[Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Center for NDE

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

373

Diesel fuel aromatic and cetane number effects on combustion and emissions from a prototype 1991 diesel engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book reports on a prototype 1991-model diesel engine that was tested using EPA transient emissions procedures to determine the effect of fuel properties on combustion characteristics and exhaust emissions. The eleven test fuel set focused primarily on total aromatic content, multi-ring aromatic content, and cetane number, but other fuel variables were also studied. Hydrotreating was used to obtain reductions in fuel sulfur and aromatic content. Increasing cetane number and reducing aromatic content resulted in lower emissions of hydrocarbons and NO{sub x}. Particulate emission were best predicted by sulfur content, aromatic content and 90% distillation temperature. Multi-ring aromatics showed a greater significance that total aromatics on hydrocarbon and particulate emissions. combustion parameters were highly dependent on fuel cetane number.

Sienicki, E.J.; Jass, R.E.; Slodowske, W.J.; McCarthy, C.I.; Krodel, A.L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

WatSen: Design and testing of a prototype mid-IR spectrometer and microscope package for Mars exploration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have designed and built a compact breadboard prototype instrument called WatSen: a combined ATR mid-IR spectrometer, fixed-focus microscope, and humidity sensor. The instrument package is enclosed in a rugged cylindrical casing only 26mm in diameter. The functionality, reliability and performance of the instrument was tested in an environment chamber set up to resemble martian surface conditions. The effective wavelength range of the spectrometer is 6.2 - 10.3 micron with a resolution delta-wavelength/wavelength = 0.015. This allows detection of silicates and carbonates, including an indication of the presence of water (ice). Spectra of clusters of grains < 1mm across were acquired that are comparable with spectra of the same material obtained using a commercial system. The microscope focuses through the diamond ATR crystal. Colour images of the grains being spectroscopically analysed are obtainable with a resolution of ~ 20 micron.

Wolters, Stephen D; Sund, Arnt T; Bohman, Axel; Guthery, William; Sund, Bjornar T; Hagermann, Axel; Tomkinson, Tim; Romstedt, Jens; Morgan, Geraint H; Grady, Monica M; 10.1007/s10686-012-9328-8

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

FIRST SPECTROSCOPIC IMAGING OBSERVATIONS OF THE SUN AT LOW RADIO FREQUENCIES WITH THE MURCHISON WIDEFIELD ARRAY PROTOTYPE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the first spectroscopic images of solar radio transients from the prototype for the Murchison Widefield Array, observed on 2010 March 27. Our observations span the instantaneous frequency band 170.9- 201.6 MHz. Though our observing period is characterized as a period of 'low' to 'medium' activity, one broadband emission feature and numerous short-lived, narrowband, non-thermal emission features are evident. Our data represent a significant advance in low radio frequency solar imaging, enabling us to follow the spatial, spectral, and temporal evolution of events simultaneously and in unprecedented detail. The rich variety of features seen here reaffirms the coronal diagnostic capability of low radio frequency emission and provides an early glimpse of the nature of radio observations that will become available as the next generation of low-frequency radio interferometers come online over the next few years.

Oberoi, Divya; Matthews, Lynn D.; Lonsdale, Colin J.; Benkevitch, Leonid [MIT Haystack Observatory, Westford, MA (United States); Cairns, Iver H.; Lobzin, Vasili [School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney (Australia); Emrich, David; Wayth, Randall B.; Arcus, Wayne [Curtin Institute for Radio Astronomy, Curtin University, Perth (Australia); Morgan, Edward H.; Williams, Christopher [MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Cambridge, MA (United States); Prabu, T.; Vedantham, Harish [Raman Research Institute, Bangalore (India); Williams, Andrew [Perth Observatory, The University of Western Australia, Perth (Australia); White, Stephen M. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland, NM (United States); Allen, G. [CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, Epping, NSW (Australia); Barnes, David [Center for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne (Australia); Bernardi, Gianni [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA (United States); Bowman, Judd D. [School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ (United States); Briggs, Frank H. [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Australian National University, Canberra (Australia)

2011-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

376

Space-Efficient Gradual Typing David Herman1, Aaron Tomb2, and Cormac Flanagan2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with an entire team. The team effort gets mired in process issues and over- engineering, and the programmer can track down. Ultimately, the team decides to port the application to a statically typed language between static and dynamic typing by permitting the free mixture of typed and untyped code. The runtime

Ahmed, Amal

377

Space-Efficient Gradual Typing David Herman1, Aaron Tomb2, and Cormac Flanagan2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

team. The team effort gets mired in process issues and over- engineering, and the programmer can track down. Ultimately, the team decides to port the application to a statically typed language between static and dynamic typing by permitting the free mixture of typed and untyped code. The runtime

Flanagan, Cormac

378

VISDTA: A video imaging system for detection, tracking, and assessment: Prototype development and concept demonstration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been demonstrated that thermal imagers are an effective surveillance and assessment tool for security applications because: (1) they work day or night due to their sensitivity to thermal signatures; (2) penetrability through fog, rain, dust, etc., is better than human eyes; (3) short or long range operation is possible with various optics; and (4) they are strictly passive devices providing visible imagery which is readily interpreted by the operator with little training. Unfortunately, most thermal imagers also require the setup of a tripod, connection of batteries, cables, display, etc. When this is accomplished, the operator must manually move the camera back and forth searching for signs of aggressor activity. VISDTA is designed to provide automatic panning, and in a sense, ''watch'' the imagery in place of the operator. The idea behind the development of VISDTA is to provide a small, portable, rugged system to automatically scan areas and detect targets by computer processing of images. It would use a thermal imager and possibly an intensified day/night TV camera, a pan/ tilt mount, and a computer for system control. If mounted on a dedicated vehicle or on a tower, VISDTA will perform video motion detection functions on incoming video imagery, and automatically scan predefined patterns in search of abnormal conditions which may indicate attempted intrusions into the field-of-regard. In that respect, VISDTA is capable of improving the ability of security forces to maintain security of a given area of interest by augmenting present techniques and reducing operator fatigue.

Pritchard, D.A.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Results of the LHC Prototype Chromaticity Measurement System Studies in the CERN-SPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tune and chromaticity control is an integral part of safe and reliable LHC operation. Tight tolerances on the maximum beam excursions allow excitation amplitudes of less than 30 $\\mu$m. This leaves only a small margin for transverse beam and momentum excitations, required for measuring tune and chromaticity. This contribution discusses the baseline LHC continuous chromaticity measurement with results from tests at the CERN-SPS. The system is based on continuous tracking of the tune using a Phase- Locked-Loop (PLL) while modulating the beam momentum. The high PLL tune resolution achieved, made it possible to detect chromaticity changes well below the nominally required 1 unit for relative momentum modulations of only $2·10^{-5}$. The sensitive tune measurement frontend employed allowed the PLL excitation and radial amplitudes to be kept below a few micrometers. These results show that this type of measurement can be considered as practically non-perturbative permitting its use even during nominal LHC operat...

Steinhagen, R; Bohl, T; Gasior, M; Jones, O R; Kasinski, K K; Wenninger, J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

A Three-Phase Bidirectional DC-DC Converter for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a three-phase soft-switching, bidirectional dc-dc converter for high-power automotive applications. The converter employs dual three-phase active bridges and operates with a novel asymmetrical but fixed duty cycle for the top and bottom switches of each phase leg. Simulation and experimental data on a 6-kW prototype are included to verify the novel operating and power flow control principles.

Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL; Tang, Lixin [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Mechanism design with approximate types  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In mechanism design, we replace the strong assumption that each player knows his own payoff type exactly with the more realistic assumption that he knows it only approximately: each player i only knows that his true type ...

Zhu, Zeyuan Allen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Types of Farming in Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......... .......-.----------------------. 8 Labor -..-.....-----...------------------------------------------------. 9 Land Tenure .--.----....---....--------------------------------- 9 Number and Size of Farms ....----...----.-._--------- 10 Capital... -------------...-------.---------------------------- 21 Hogs -......-....--------------------------------------------------- 22 Poultry .-.---.-.....--.-..------.---------------------------------- 22 Horses and Mules ---..-....---..--..------------------------ 23 Types of Farming and Type-of-farming...

Bonnen, C. A.

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

The Full Scale Seal Experiment - A Seal Industrial Prototype for Cigeo - 13106  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Full Scale Seal (FSS) Experiment is one of various experiments implemented by Andra, within the frame of the Cigeo (the French Deep Geological Repository) Project development, to demonstrate the technical construction feasibility and performance of seals to be constructed, at time of Repository components (shafts, ramps, drifts, disposal vaults) progressive closure. FSS is built inside a drift model fabricated on surface for the purpose. Prior to the scale 1:1 seal construction test, various design tasks are scheduled. They include the engineering work on the drift model to make it fit with the experimental needs, on the various work sequences anticipated for the swelling clay core emplacement and the concrete containment plugs construction, on the specialized handling tools (and installation equipment) manufactured and delivered for the purpose, and of course on the various swelling clay materials and low pH (below 11) concrete formulations developed for the application. The engineering of the 'seal-as-built' commissioning means (tools and methodology) must also be dealt with. The FSS construction experiment is a technological demonstrator, thus it is not focused on the phenomenological survey (and by consequence, on the performance and behaviour forecast). As such, no hydration (forced or natural) is planned. However, the FSS implementation (in particular via the construction and commissioning activities carried out) is a key milestone in view of comforting phenomenological extrapolation in time and scale. The FSS experiment also allows for qualifying the commissioning methods of a real sealing system in the Repository, as built, at time of industrial operations. (authors)

Lebon, P.; Bosgiraud, J.M.; Foin, R.; Armand, G. [Andra, 1 rue Jean-Monnet, 92 298 Chatenay-Malabry Cedex (France)] [Andra, 1 rue Jean-Monnet, 92 298 Chatenay-Malabry Cedex (France)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Photonics at Sandia National Laboratories: From research to applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photonics activities at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) are founded on a strong materials research program. The advent of the Compound Semiconductor Research Laboratory (CSRL) in 1988, accelerated device and materials research and development. Recently, industrial competitiveness has been added as a major mission of the labs. Photonics projects have expanded towards applications-driven programs requiring device and subsystem prototype deliveries and demonstrations. This evolution has resulted in a full range of photonics programs from materials synthesis and device fabrication to subsystem packaging and test.

Meyer, J.; Owyoung, A.; Zipperian, T.E.; Tsao, J.Y.; Myers, D.R.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Tornado type wind turbines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tornado type wind turbine has a vertically disposed wind collecting tower with spaced apart inner and outer walls and a central bore. The upper end of the tower is open while the lower end of the structure is in communication with a wind intake chamber. An opening in the wind chamber is positioned over a turbine which is in driving communication with an electrical generator. An opening between the inner and outer walls at the lower end of the tower permits radially flowing air to enter the space between the inner and outer walls while a vertically disposed opening in the wind collecting tower permits tangentially flowing air to enter the central bore. A porous portion of the inner wall permits the radially flowing air to interact with the tangentially flowing air so as to create an intensified vortex flow which exits out of the top opening of the tower so as to create a low pressure core and thus draw air through the opening of the wind intake chamber so as to drive the turbine.

Hsu, Cheng-Ting (Ames, IA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

SNS Target Test Facility: Prototype Hg Operations and Remote Handling Tests P. T. Spampinato, T. W. Burgess, J. B. Chesser, V. B. Graves, and S.L. Schrock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SNS Target Test Facility: Prototype Hg Operations and Remote Handling Tests P. T. Spampinato, T. W remote handling techniques and tools for replacing target system components. During the past year and analytical data. These included a welded-tube heat exchanger, an electromagnetic flow meter, a hydraulically

McDonald, Kirk

387

Lab-scale prototype for on-line monitoring and energy diagnosis in Thierry Talbert, Benjamin Paris, Julien Eynard, Stphane Grieu and Olivier Fruchier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

savings and promoting renewable energy resources. Thus, the present paper focuses on presenting a lab and (iii) estimating the renewable energy potential of a location. These three points define an energy diagnosis based on energy consumption segmentation. The main goal of developing a lab- scale prototype

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

388

Development of a neutronics calculation method for designing commercial type Japanese sodium-cooled fast reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the R and D project to improve the modeling accuracy for the design of fast breeder reactors the authors are developing a neutronics calculation method for designing a large commercial type sodium- cooled fast reactor. The calculation method is established by taking into account the special features of the reactor such as the use of annular fuel pellet, inner duct tube in large fuel assemblies, large core. The Verification and Validation, and Uncertainty Qualification (V and V and UQ) of the calculation method is being performed by using measured data from the prototype FBR Monju. The results of this project will be used in the design and analysis of the commercial type demonstration FBR, known as the Japanese Sodium fast Reactor (JSFR). (authors)

Takeda, T.; Shimazu, Y.; Hibi, K.; Fujimura, K. [Research Inst. of Nuclear Engineering, Univ. of Fukui, 1cho-me 2gaiku 4, Kanawa-cho, Tsuruga-shi, Fukui 914-0055 (Japan)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

On the asymptotic homotopy type of inductive limit Type ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this note we exhibit large classes of (projeetionless) stable, nuclear C*- algebras whose asymptotic homotopy type is determined by K-theoretical data.

390

An Analysis of the DER Adoption Climate in Japan Using Optimization Results for Prototype Buildings with U.S. Comparisons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation with Combined Heat and Power Applications, LBNL-show that DER with combined heat and power equipment is aenergy resources, combined heat and power, building energy

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Probing the Type Ia environment with Light Echoes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In general, Light Echoes (LE) are beautiful, rather academical and therefore unavoidably useless phenomena. In some cases, however, they can give interesting information about the environment surrounding the exploding star. After giving a brief introduction to the subject, I describe its application to the case of Type Ia Supernovae and discuss the implications for progenitors and their location within the host galaxies.

F. Patat

2004-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

392

Effect of nuclear structure on Type Ia supernova nucleosynthesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relationship among nuclear structure, the weak processes in nuclei, and astrophysics becomes quite apparent in supernova explosion and nucleosynthesis studies. In this brief article, I report on progress made in the last few years on calculating electron capture and beta-decay rates in iron-group nuclei. I also report on applications of these rates to Type-Ia nucleosynthesis studies.

D. J. Dean

2000-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

393

APPLICATIONS INSTITUTIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as of 8/12/14 #12;CLASS OF 2013 EMPLOYMENT STATISTICS 9 MONTHS AFTER GRADUATION GRADUATES WITH KNOWN INFORMATION PLACEMENT RATE EMPLOYMENT TYPE FULL-TIME VS PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT Full-time: 88% Part-time: 12% LONG-TERM VS SHORT-TERM EMPLOYMENT Long-term: 90% Short-term: 10% EMPLOYMENT CATEGORIES Bar admission

Dasgupta, Dipankar

394

Three-phase power conversion system for utility-interconnected PV applications. Phase 1 technical progress report, 1 October 1995--17 April 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes work performed by Omnion Power Corporation under Phase 1 of a two-phase subcontract. During this phase, Omnion researchers: designed an advanced product specification to guide prototype design and development; analyzed field failure data with Omnion`s hard-switched insulated-Gate Bipolar Transistor technology hardware to better understand where design improvements were needed; presented and reviewed product specifications with key customers/users; drafted a working product specification to serve as a baseline in developing the new power conversion system; developed the core-resonant converter technology in conjunction with Soft Switching Technologies Corp.; designed a 100-kW prototype power conversion system; designed a prototype system package; initiated interaction with vendors to optimize component selection and specifications; initiated the preparation of design documentation; built the prototype core-resonant converter and initiated preliminary testing; and initiated the assembly of a 1-kW prototype power conversion system. This work has demonstrated the potential of the soft-switching resonant DC link (RDCL) inverter and its application to a three-phase utility-interconnected PV power conversion system. The RDCL inverter has demonstrated its advantage over hard-switching pulse-width modulated inverters in terms of efficiency and audible noise. With proper package design and manufacturing process design and implementation, the RDCL power conversion system has the potential to be low-cost and reliable with superior performance.

Porter, D.G.; Meyer, H.; Leang, W. [Omnion Power Engineering Corp., East Troy, WI (United States)

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

An anthropomorphic multimodality (CT/MRI) phantom prototype for end-to-end tests in radiation therapy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the increasing complexity of external beam therapy, so-called "end-to-end" tests are intended to cover all steps from therapy planning to follow-up to fulfill the high demands on quality assurance. As magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) gains growing importance in the treatment process and established phantoms (such as the Alderson head) cannot be used for those tests, novel multimodality phantoms have to be developed. Here, we present a feasibility study for such a customizable multimodality head phantom. We used a set of patient CT images as the basis for the anthropomorphic head shape. The recipient - consisting of an epoxy resin - was produced using rapid prototyping (3D printing). The phantom recipient includes a nasal air cavity, two soft tissues volumes and cranial bone. Additionally a spherical tumor volume was positioned in the center. The volumes were filled with dipotassium phosphate-based cranial bone surrogate, agarose gel, and distilled water. The tumor volume was filled with normoxic dosimetr...

Gallas, Raya R; Runz, Armin; Niebuhr, Nina I; Jkel, Oliver; Greilich, Steffen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Prototype development and testing of ultrafine grain NZP ceramics. Final report, July 28, 1995--April 27, 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this project was to demonstrate that a new low-expanding ceramic (Ca{sub 0.6},Mg{sub 0.4})Zr{sub 4}(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}, hereafter referred to as CMZP, could be used as an exhaust manifold liner in off-road diesel engines and provide improved engine efficiency (by permitting higher engine operating temperature). This study has successfully demonstrated this improvement and further engine testing (and possible manufacturing) is presently underway at Caterpillar Inc. Laboratories. Basically this program involved two subcontracts: one to Virginia Tech to develop sintering procedures for CMZP, and one to Caterpillar, Inc. to develop slip casting procedures for CMZP. Nearly 100kg of CMZP were prepared by MATVA, Inc. and Virginia Tech for use by Caterpillar. Virginia Tech developed detailed sintering procedures for CMZP and Caterpillar developed slip casting procedures and manufactured several exhaust manifold elbows. These elbows have been cast into prototype cylinder heads and have been shown to be acceptable replacements for metal manifolds. (Caterpillar advises that a new component may require up to 6 years of testing and qualification before acceptance as standard diesel engine part).

Brown, J.J.

1997-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

397

All Sky Camera, LIDAR and Electric Field Meter: auxiliary instruments for the ASTRI SST-2M prototype  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASTRI SST-2M is the end-to-end prototype telescope of the Italian National Institute of Astro- physics, INAF, designed to investigate the 10-100 TeV band in the framework of the Cherenkov Telescope Array, CTA. The ASTRI SST-2M telescope has been installed in Italy in September 2014, at the INAF ob- serving station located at Serra La Nave on Mount Etna. The telescope is foreseen to be completed and fully operative in spring 2015 including auxiliary instrumentation needed to support both operations and data anal- ysis. In this contribution we present the current status of a sub-set of the auxiliary instruments that are being used at the Serra La Nave site, namely an All Sky Camera, an Electric Field Meter and a Raman Lidar devoted, together with further instrumentation, to the monitoring of the atmospheric and environmental conditions. The data analysis techniques under development for these instruments could be applied at the CTA sites, where similar auxiliary instrumentation will be installed.

Leto, Giuseppe; Bellassai, Giancarlo; Bruno, Pietro; Maccarone, Maria Concetta; Martinetti, Eugenio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Passive damping of beam vibrations through distributed electric networks and piezoelectric transducers: prototype design and experimental validation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of this work is two-fold: to design devices for passive electric damping of structural vibrations by distributed piezoelectric transducers and electric networks, and to experimentally validate the effectiveness of such a damping concept. Two different electric networks are employed, namely a purely resistive network and an inductive-resistive one. The presented devices can be considered as distributed versions of the well-known resistive and resonant shunt of a single piezoelectric transducer. The technicalfeasibility and damping effectiveness of the proposed novel devices are assessed through the construction of an experimental prototype. Experimental results are shown to be in very good agreement with theoretical predictions. It is proved that the presented technique allows for a substantial reduction in the inductances used when compared with those required by the single resonant shunted transducer. In particular, it is shown that the required inductance decreases when the number of piezoelectric elements is increased. The electric networks are optimized in order to reduce forced vibrations close to the first resonance frequency. Nevertheless, the damping effectiveness for higher modes is experimentally proved. As well as specific results, fundamental theoretical and experimental considerations for passive distributed vibration control are provided.

F. dell'Isola; C. Maurini; M. Porfiri

2010-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

399

Mechanical Analysis of the 400 MHz RF-Dipole Crabbing Cavity Prototype for LHC High Luminosity Upgrade  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proposed LHC high luminosity upgrade requires two crabbing systems in increasing the peak luminosity, operating both vertically and horizontally at two interaction points of IP1 and IP5. The required system has tight dimensional constraints and needs to achieve higher operational gradients. A proof-of-principle 400 MHz crabbing cavity design has been successfully tested and has proven to be an ideal candidate for the crabbing system. The cylindrical proof-of-principle rf-dipole design has been adapted in to a square shaped design to further meet the dimensional requirements. The new rf-dipole design has been optimized in meeting the requirements in rf-properties, higher order mode damping, and multipole components. A crabbing system in a cryomodule is expected to be tested on the SPS beam line prior to the test at LHC. The new prototype is required to achieve the mechanical and thermal specifications of the SPS test followed by the test at LHC. This paper discusses the detailed mechanical and thermal analysis in minimizing Lorentz force detuning and sensitivity to liquid He pressure fluctuations.

De Silva, Subashini U. [ODU; Park, HyeKyoung [ODU, JLAB; Delayen, Jean R. [ODU, JLAB; Li, Z. [SLAC

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Results from a prototype permanent magnet dipole-quadrupole hybrid for the PEP-II B-factory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the construction of a prototype hybrid permanent magnet dipole and quadrupole. The magnet consists of two concentric rings of Sm{sub 2}Co{sub 17} magnetic material 5 cm in length. The outer ring is made of 16 uniformly magnetized blocks assembled as a Halbach dipole and the inner ring has 32 blocks oriented in a similar fashion so as to generate a quadrupole field. The resultant superimposed field is an offset quadrupole field which allows us to center the field on the high-energy beam in the interaction region of the PEP-II B-factory. The dipole blocks are glued to the inside surface of an outer support collar and the quadrupole blocks are held in a fixture that allows radial adjustment of the blocks prior to potting the entire assembly with epoxy. An extensive computer model of the magnet has been made and from this model we developed a tuning algorithm that allowed us to greatly reduce the n=3 17 harmonics of the magnet.

Sullivan, M.; Bowden, G.; Ecklund, S. [and others

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

LOW-FREQUENCY IMAGING OF FIELDS AT HIGH GALACTIC LATITUDE WITH THE MURCHISON WIDEFIELD ARRAY 32 ELEMENT PROTOTYPE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) is a new low-frequency, wide-field-of-view radio interferometer under development at the Murchison Radio-astronomy Observatory in Western Australia. We have used a 32 element MWA prototype interferometer (MWA-32T) to observe two 50 Degree-Sign diameter fields in the southern sky, covering a total of {approx}2700 deg{sup 2}, in order to evaluate the performance of the MWA-32T, to develop techniques for epoch of reionization experiments, and to make measurements of astronomical foregrounds. We developed a calibration and imaging pipeline for the MWA-32T, and used it to produce {approx}15' angular resolution maps of the two fields in the 110-200 MHz band. We perform a blind source extraction using these confusion-limited images, and detect 655 sources at high significance with an additional 871 lower significance source candidates. We compare these sources with existing low-frequency radio surveys in order to assess the MWA-32T system performance, wide-field analysis algorithms, and catalog quality. Our source catalog is found to agree well with existing low-frequency surveys in these regions of the sky and with statistical distributions of point sources derived from Northern Hemisphere surveys; it represents one of the deepest surveys to date of this sky field in the 110-200 MHz band.

Williams, Christopher L.; Hewitt, Jacqueline N.; Levine, Alan M. [MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Cambridge, MA (United States); De Oliveira-Costa, Angelica; Hernquist, Lars L.; Bernardi, Gianni [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA (United States); Bowman, Judd D. [School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ (United States); Briggs, Frank H. [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Australian National University, Canberra (Australia); Gaensler, B. M.; Mitchell, Daniel A.; Subrahmanyan, Ravi; Sadler, Elaine M. [ARC Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO) (Australia); Morales, Miguel F. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Sethi, Shiv K. [Raman Research Institute, Bangalore (India); Arcus, Wayne; Crosse, Brian W. [International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research, Curtin University, Perth (Australia); Barnes, David G. [Center for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne (Australia); Bunton, John D. [CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, Epping (Australia); Cappallo, Roger C.; Corey, Brian E., E-mail: clmw@mit.edu [MIT Haystack Observatory, Westford, MA (United States); and others

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

402

Modeling on-sun tests of a prototype solid particle receiver for concentrating solar power processes and storage.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A model has been developed to simulate the performance of a prototype solid particle receiver that was recently tested at Sandia National Laboratories. The model includes irradiation from the concentrated solar flux, two-band re-radiation and emission with the cavity, discrete-phase particle transport and heat transfer, gas-phase convection, wall conduction, and radiative and convective heat losses. Simulated temperatures of the particles and cavity walls were compared to measured values for nine on-sun tests. Results showed that the simulated temperature distributions and receiver efficiencies matched closely with trends in experimental data as a function of input power and particle mass flow rate. The average relative error between the simulated and measured efficiencies and increases in particle temperature was less than 10%. Simulations of particle velocities and concentrations as a function of position beneath the release point were also evaluated and compared to measured values collected during unheated tests with average relative errors of 6% and 8%, respectively. The calibrated model is being used in parametric analyses to better understand the impact and interactions of multiple parameters with a goal of optimizing the performance and efficiency of the solid particle receiver.

Khalsa, Siri Sahib; Siegel, Nathan Phillip; Ho, Clifford Kuofei

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Towards Characterizing and Classifying Communication-based Automotive Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards Characterizing and Classifying Communication-based Automotive Applications from a Wireless opportunity to develop various types of communication-based automotive applications. To date, many applications have been identified by the automotive community. Given the large number and diverse nature

Perrig, Adrian

404

THE STUDENT VISA APPLICATION PROCESS-ONE SEMESTER TIANJIN, CHINA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

you attend school. All students attending Florida State University may submit their application VISA APPLICATION (FORM V. 2011A) A sample of the application is included in this packet to assist you, type the response (referencing the question number) on a separate sheet of paper and include

Hull, Elaine

405

A Lightweight and Flexible Mobile Agent Platform Tailored to Management Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mobile Agents (MAs) represent a distributed computing technology that promises to address the scalability problems of centralized network management. A critical issue that will affect the wider adoption of MA paradigm in management applications is the development of MA Platforms (MAPs) expressly oriented to distributed management. However, most of available platforms impose considerable burden on network and system resources and also lack of essential functionality. In this paper, we discuss the design considerations and implementation details of a complete MAP research prototype that sufficiently addresses all the aforementioned issues. Our MAP has been implemented in Java and tailored for network and systems management applications.

Gavalas, Damianos

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

A New Type of X-ray Condenser Lenses with Large Apertures Fabricated by Rolling of Structured Films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to meet the demand for X-ray lenses with large apertures and, hence, photon flux, a new type of X-ray lenses has been developed: Rolled prismatic X-ray lenses feature a vast number of refracting surfaces to increase transparency and aperture, respectively. Prototypes of such lenses have been fabricated by molding and rolling of a structured polyimide film. In this work, rolled prismatic X-ray lenses are pictured, and results of first tests performed at the ANKA storage ring in Karlsruhe are presented.

Simon, M.; Reznikova, E.; Nazmov, V.; Grund, T. [Institut fuer Mikrostrukturtechnik, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Last, A. [Institut fuer Mikrostrukturtechnik, Universitaet Karlsruhe Kaiserstrasse 12, 76131 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2010-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

407

WWW.DADSS.ORG The Center for Transportation Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACS/Daylight Solutions Prototype Schematic of possible vehicle application Autoliv Prototype #12;WWW

Minnesota, University of

408

NIH Grants.gov Application Submission Process Important Points to Remember as You Prepare Your Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NIH Grants.gov Application Submission Process Important Points to Remember as You Prepare Your package, please leave any field or reference to a CFDA number blank; NIH will fill in this information Name." 4. When preparing your application, the NIH guidelines on font-size, font-type, and ½ -inch

Bacuta, Constantin

409

Interfacing parallel scientific applications with multiple visualization systems: The CUMULVS approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As high-performance computer simulation increasingly replaces more expensive and time-consuming conventional alternatives, namely physical prototyping/experimentation, it becomes important to provide mechanisms for interacting with parallel or distributed simulation programs. Such interactive exchanges can close the loop on simulation experiments by providing visualization of intermediate results and then allowing scientists to respond by manipulating the simulation, while it is running. This type of visualization and computation steering feedback system can dramatically shorten the experimental cycle by pruning off experiments that are quickly seen to be undesirable. Further, such interaction can provide enhanced capabilities for what if analyses, even beyond what would be possible in a physical environment. This approach also introduces new forms of collaboration, by allowing multiple remote collaborators to cooperate and interact via the running simulation programs, each person exploring their own view of the data and then sharing their understanding with the group. The CUMULVS (Collaborative User Migration User Library for Visualization and Steering) system is a middleware library infrastructure that allows multiple, potentially remote, scientists to monitor and coordinate control over a parallel simulation program. Using CUMULVS, various front-end viewers can dynamically attach to a simulation to view snapshots of the ongoing computation, or manipulate (steer) parameters of the simulation, and then detach. The snapshots of intermediate data array values can be rendered using a variant of visualization systems, including AVS, Tcl/Tk, and VTK, or as simple text dumps. CUMULVS provides the interfacing between the simulation tasks and the visualization systems, and transparently handles the viewer connection protocols and the data collection required for decomposed or distributed data. CUMULVS also provides mechanisms for developing fault-tolerant applications in heterogeneous distributed computing environments.

Kohl, J.A.; Papadopoulos, P.M.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

PM Motor Parametric Design Analyses for Hybrid Electric Vehicle Traction Drive Application: Interim Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR (Cooperative Automotive Research) and Vehicle Technologies has a strong interest in making rapid progress in permanent magnet (PM) machine development. The program is directing various technology development projects that will advance the technology and lead to request for proposals (RFP) for manufacturer prototypes. This aggressive approach is possible because the technology is clearly within reach and the approach is deemed essential, based on strong market demand, escalating fuel prices, and competitive considerations. In response, this study began parallel development paths that included a literature search/review, development and utilization of multiple parametric models to determine the effects of design parameters, verification of the modeling methodology, development of an interior PM (IPM) machine baseline design, development of alternative machine baseline designs, and cost analyses for several candidate machines. This interim progress report summarizes the results of these activities as of June 2004. This report provides background and summary information for recent machine parametric studies and testing programs that demonstrate both the potential capabilities and technical limitations of brushless PM machines (axial gap and radial gap), the IPM machine, the surface-mount PM machines (interior or exterior rotor), induction machines, and switched reluctance machines. The FreedomCAR program, while acknowledging the progress made by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Delphi, Delco-Remy International, and others in these programs, has redirected efforts toward a ''short path'' to a marketable and competitive PM motor for hybrid electric vehicle traction applications. The program has developed a set of performance targets for the type of traction machine desired. The short-path approach entails a comprehensive design effort focusing on the IPM machine and meeting the performance targets. The selection of the IPM machine reflects industry's confidence in this market-proven design that exhibits a power density surpassed by no other machine design.

Staunton, R.H.

2004-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

411

Soft Typing PHP Patrick Camphuijsen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Soft Typing PHP Patrick Camphuijsen Jurriaan Hage Stefan Holdermans Technical Report UU-CS-2009.O. Box 80.089 3508 TB Utrecht The Netherlands #12;Soft Typing PHP with PHP-validator Patrick Camphuijsen@cs.uu.nl Abstract PHP is a popular language for building websites, but also notori- ously lax in that almost every

Utrecht, Universiteit

412

Cofinal types of directed orders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, ) directed partial orders #12;Cofinal types (P, ), (Q, ) directed partial orders Tukey reducibility: (P orders Tukey reducibility: (P, ) T (Q, ) if f : P Q X P unbounded = f [X] Q unbounded g : Q P Y Q cofinal = g[Y ] P cofinal #12;Cofinal types (P, ), (Q, ) directed partial orders Tukey reducibility: (P

Mátrai, Tamás

413

Commercialization of New Carbon Fiber Materials Based on Sustainable Resources for Energy Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and GrafTech International have collaborated to develop and demonstrate the performance of high temperature thermal insulation prototypes made from lignin-based carbon fibers. This project will potentially lead to the first commercial application of lignin-based carbon fibers (LBCF). The goal of the commercial application is to replace expensive, Chinese-sourced isotropic pitch carbon fibers with lower cost carbon fibers made from a domestically sourced, bio-derived (renewable) feedstock. LBCF can help recapture jobs that were previously exported to China while resolving a supply chain vulnerability and reducing the production cost for GrafTech s high temperature thermal insulation. The performance of the LBCF prototypes was measured and found to be comparable to that of the current commercial product. During production of the insulation prototypes, ORNL and GrafTech demonstrated lignin compounding/pelletization, fiber production, heat treatment, and compositing at scales far surpassing those previously demonstrated in LBCF R&D or production. A plan was developed for the commercialization of LBCF thermal insulation, with key milestones including qualification of multiple scalable lignin sources in 2013, tons-scale production and field testing by customers in 2014, and product launch as soon thereafter as production capabilities can be constructed and commissioned.

Eberle, Cliff [ORNL; Webb, Daniel C [ORNL; Albers, Tracy [GrafTech International; Chen, Chong [GrafTech International

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

SN 2005at - A neglected type Ic supernova at 10 Mpc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a photometric and spectroscopic study of a reddened type Ic supernova (SN) 2005at. We report our results based on the available data of SN 2005at, including late-time observations from the Spitzer Space Telescope and the Hubble Space Telescope. In particular, late-time mid-infrared observations are something rare for type Ib/c SNe. In our study we find SN 2005at to be very similar photometrically and spectroscopically to another nearby type Ic SN 2007gr, underlining the prototypical nature of this well-followed type Ic event. The spectroscopy of both events shows similar narrow spectral line features. The radio observations of SN 2005at are consistent with fast evolution and low luminosity at radio wavelengths. The late-time Spitzer data suggest the presence of an unresolved light echo from interstellar dust and dust formation in the ejecta, both of which are unique observations for a type Ic SN. The late-time Hubble observations reveal a faint point source coincident with SN 2005at, which is very ...

Kankare, E; Ryder, S; Romero-Canizales, C; Mattila, S; Kotak, R; Laursen, P; Monard, L A G; Salvo, M; Vaisanen, P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Coaxial Coupling Scheme for TESLA/ILC-type Cavities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports about our efforts to develop a flangeable coaxial coupler for both HOM and fundamental coupling for 9-cell TESLA/ILC-type cavities. The cavities were designed in early 90s for pulsed operation with a low duty factor, less than 1 %. The proposed design of the coupler has been done in a way, that the magnetic flux B at the flange connection is minimized and only a field of <5 mT would be present at the accelerating field Eacc of ~ 36 MV/m (B =150 mT in the cavity). Even though we achieved reasonably high Q-values at low field, the cavity/coupler combination was limited in the cw mode to only ~ 7 MV/m, where a thermally initiated degradation occurred. We have improved the cooling conditions by initially drilling radial channels every 30 degrees, then every 15 degrees into the shorting plate. The modified prototype performed well up to 9 MV/m in cw mode. This paper reports about our experiences with the further modified coaxial coupler and about test results in cw and low duty cycle pulsed mode, similar to the TESLA/ILC operation conditions.

J.K. Sekutowicz, P. Kneisel

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

New approaches for modeling type Ia supernovae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

runaway in Type Ia supernovae: How to run away? oIgnition in Type Ia Supernovae. II. A Three- dimensionalnumber modeling of type Ia supernovae. I. hydrodynamics.

Zingale, Michael; Almgren, Ann S.; Bell, John B.; Day, Marcus S.; Rendleman, Charles A.; Woosley, Stan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Transformation of a building type : a study of Back Bay houses in Boston  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this thesis is to explore the transformation of an existing building type and the application of the support/infill concept in a new context. For this purpose, a traditional Back Bay residential form in ...

Liu, Ricky Pei-Shen

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

A Novel Current Angle Control Scheme in a Current Source Inverter Fed Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Drive for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a novel speed control scheme to operate a current source inverter (CSI) driven surface-mounted permanent magnet synchronous machine (SPMSM) for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) applications. The idea is to use the angle of the current vector to regulate the rotor speed while keeping the two dc-dc converter power switches on all the time to boost system efficiency. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme was verified with a 3 kW CSI-SPMSM drive prototype.

Tang, Lixin [ORNL] [ORNL; Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

December 14, 2009 Application for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

furnaces, one serving the lower floor and one serving the upper floor. A large 75 gallon storage tank water heater serves the whole house. The prototype house description is based on a survey of previously

420

Regular Type III and Type N Approximate Solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New type III and type N approximate solutions which are regular in the linear approximation are shown to exist. For that, we use complex transformations on self-dual Robinson-Trautman metrics rather then the classical approach. The regularity criterion is the boundedness and vanishing at infinity of a scalar obtained by saturating the Bel-Robinson tensor of the first approximation by a time-like vector which is constant with respect to the zeroth approximation.

Philip Downes; Paul MacAllevey; Bogdan Nita; Ivor Robinson

2001-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Oxygen generator for medical applications (USIC)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall Project objective is to develop a portable, non-cryogenic oxygen generator capable of supplying medical grade oxygen at sufficient flow rates to allow the field application of the Topical Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (THOT{reg_sign}) developed by Numotech, Inc. This project was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Global Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention (GIPP) and is managed by collaboration between Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), Numotech, Inc, and LLC SPE 'Spektr-Conversion.' The project had two phases, with the objective of Phase I being to develop, build and test a laboratory prototype of the membrane-pressure swing adsorber (PSA) system producing at 15 L/min of oxygen with a minimum of 98% oxygen purity. Phase II objectives were to further refine and identify the pre-requisites needed for a commercial product and to determine the feasibility of producing 15 L/min of oxygen with a minimum oxygen purity of 99%. In Phase I, Spektr built up the necessary infrastructure to perform experimental work and proceeded to build and demonstrate a membrane-PSA laboratory prototype capable of producing 98% purity oxygen at a flow rate of 5 L/min. Spektr offered a plausible path to scale up the process for 15 L/min. Based on the success and experimental results obtained in Phase I, Spektr performed work in three areas for Phase II: construction of a 15 L/min PSA; investigation of compressor requirements for the front end of the membrane/PSA system; and performing modeling and simulation of assess the feasibility of producing oxygen with a purity greater than 99%. Spektr successfully completed all of the tasks under Phase II. A prototype 15 L/min PSA was constructed and operated. Spektr determined that no 'off the shelf' air compressors met all of the specifications required for the membrane-PSA, so a custom compressor will likely need to be built. Modeling and simulation concluded that production of oxygen with purities greater than 99% was possible using a Membrane-PSA system.

Staiger, C. L.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Design, prototyping, and testing of an apparatus for establishing a linear temperature gradient in experimental fish tanks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Immunology researchers require a new type of fish tank that provides a linear thermal gradient for experimental zebrafish in order to improve the accuracy and validity of their research. Zebrafish require the ability to ...

Kadri, Romi Sinclair

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Identification of photons in double beta-decay experiments using segmented germanium detectors - studies with a GERDA Phase II prototype detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The sensitivity of experiments searching for neutrinoless double beta-decay of germanium was so far limited by the background induced by external gamma-radiation. Segmented germanium detectors can be used to identify photons and thus reduce this background component. The GERmanium Detector Array, GERDA, will use highly segmented germanium detectors in its second phase. The identification of photonic events is investigated using a prototype detector. The results are compared with Monte Carlo data.

I. Abt; A. Caldwell; K. Krninger; J. Liu; X. Liu; B. Majorovits

2007-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

424

Design, development and testing of a solar-powered multi-family residential size prototype turbocompressor heat pump  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A program described to design, fabricate, and conduct preliminary testing of a prototype solar-powered Rankine cycle turbocompressor heat pump module for a multi-family residential building is presented. A solar system designed to use the turbocompressor heat pump module including all of the subsystems required and the various system operating modes is described in Section I. Section II includes the preliminary design analyses conducted to select the heat pump module components and operating features, working fluid, configuration, size and performance goals, and estimated performance levels in the cooling and heating modes. Section III provides a detailed description of the other subsystems and components required for a complete solar installation. Using realistic performance and cost characteristics for all subsystems, the seasonal performance of the UTC heat pump is described in various US locations. In addition, the estimated energy savings and an assessment of the economic viability of the solar system is presented in Section III. The detailed design of the heat pump module and the arrangement of components and controls selected to conduct the laboratory performance tests are described in Section IV. Section V provides a description of the special laboratory test facility, including the subsystems to simulate the collectors and storage tanks for building load and ambient conditions and the instrumentation, monitoring, and data acquisition equipment. The test results and sample computer analyses and comparisons with predicted performance levels are presented in Section VI. Various appendices provide supplementary and background information concerning working fluid selection (A), configuration selection (B), capacity control concepts (C), building models (D), computer programs used to determine component and system performance and total system economics (E), and weather data (F).

None

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

OriginalPrototypes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006 The 2002Optics Group (X-rayLSD Logo AboutSignature OnOriginalNotes

426

factsheet: National Prototype Center  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial Carbon Capture and Storageconvert,exercise program |twoseveralthe World

427

Boost type PWM HVDC transmission system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that conventional HVdc is built around the mercury arc rectifier or the thyristor which requires line commutation. The advances of fast, high power GTO's and future devices such as MCT's with turn off capabilities, are bringing PWM techniques within the range of HVdc applications. By combining PWM techniques to the boost type bridge topology, one has an alternate system of HVdc Transmission. On the ac side, the converter station has active controls over: the voltage amplitude, the voltage angle and the frequency. On the dc side, parallel connections facilitate multi-terminal load sharing by simple local controls so that redundant communication channels are not required. Bidirectional power through each station is accomplished by the reversal of the direction of dc current flow. These claims have been substantiated by experimental results from laboratory size multi-terminal models.

Ooi, B.T.; Wang, X. (McGill Univ., Montreal, PQ (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering)

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Application Acceleration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAbout theOFFICEAmesApplication Acceleration on Current and Future Cray

429

Development of crawler type device using new measuring system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports the development and field application of a new device which examine shell to shell weld joints of RPV. In a BWR type nuclear power plant, there is narrow space around the Reactor Pressure Vessel (RPV) because RPV is enclosed by the Reactor Shield Wall (RSW) and thermal insulations. The developed device is characterized by a new position measuring system and magnet wheels for driving. The new position measuring system uses laser beam and ultrasonic wave. The magnet wheels make the device travel freely in the narrow space between RPV and insulation. This device is tested on mock-ups and applied examination of RPVs to verify field applicability.

Maruyama, T.; Sasaki, T.; Yagi, T. [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd., Yokohama (Japan)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Phantm: PHP Analyzer for Type Mismatch Etienne Kneuss Philippe Suter Viktor Kuncak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phantm: PHP Analyzer for Type Mismatch Etienne Kneuss Philippe Suter Viktor Kuncak School in PHP applications. Phantm can infer types for nested arrays, and can lever­ age runtime information, Verification 1. INTRODUCTION PHP is a very popular scripting language. PHP scripts are behind many web sites

Kuncak, Viktor

431

Phantm: PHP Analyzer for Type Mismatch Etienne Kneuss Philippe Suter Viktor Kuncak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phantm: PHP Analyzer for Type Mismatch Etienne Kneuss Philippe Suter Viktor Kuncak School in PHP applications. Phantm can infer types for nested arrays, and can lever- age runtime information, Verification 1. INTRODUCTION PHP is a very popular scripting language. PHP scripts are behind many web sites

Kuncak, Viktor

432

Studies of n-type doping and surface modification of CVD diamond for use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

strategy in chemical vapour deposition (CVD) of polycrystalline diamond films. Lithium nitride (Li3NStudies of n-type doping and surface modification of CVD diamond for use in thermionic applications-type dopants in diamond, the work has examined the use of Li-N codoping as a possible alternative doping

Bristol, University of

433

Leak Detection and H2 Sensor Development for Hydrogen Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of this report are: (1) Develop a low cost, low power, durable, and reliable hydrogen safety sensor for a wide range of vehicle and infrastructure applications; (2) Continually advance test prototypes guided by materials selection, sensor design, electrochemical R&D investigation, fabrication, and rigorous life testing; (3) Disseminate packaged sensor prototypes and control systems to DOE Laboratories and commercial parties interested in testing and fielding advanced prototypes for cross-validation; (4) Evaluate manufacturing approaches for commercialization; and (5) Engage an industrial partner and execute technology transfer. Recent developments in the search for sustainable and renewable energy coupled with the advancements in fuel cell powered vehicles (FCVs) have augmented the demand for hydrogen safety sensors. There are several sensor technologies that have been developed to detect hydrogen, including deployed systems to detect leaks in manned space systems and hydrogen safety sensors for laboratory and industrial usage. Among the several sensing methods electrochemical devices that utilize high temperature-based ceramic electrolytes are largely unaffected by changes in humidity and are more resilient to electrode or electrolyte poisoning. The desired sensing technique should meet a detection threshold of 1% (10,000 ppm) H{sub 2} and response time of {approx_equal}1 min, which is a target for infrastructure and vehicular uses. Further, a review of electrochemical hydrogen sensors by Korotcenkov et.al and the report by Glass et.al suggest the need for inexpensive, low power, and compact sensors with long-term stability, minimal cross-sensitivity, and fast response. This view has been largely validated and supported by the fuel cell and hydrogen infrastructure industries by the NREL/DOE Hydrogen Sensor Workshop held on June 8, 2011. Many of the issues preventing widespread adoption of best-available hydrogen sensing technologies available today outside of cost, derive from excessive false positives and false negatives arising from signal drift and unstable sensor baseline; both of these problems necessitate the need for unacceptable frequent calibration.

Brosha, Eric L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

434

Isotope powered Stirling generator for terrestrial applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An electric power supply, small enough to be man-portable, is being developed for remote, terrestrial applications. This system is designed for an operating lifetime of five years without maintenance or refueling. A small Radioisotope Stirling Generator (RSG) has been developed. The energy source of the generator is a 60 watt plutonium-238 fuel clad used in the General Purpose Heat Sources (GPHS) developed for space applications. A free piston Stirling Engine drives a linear alternator to convert the heat to power. The system weighs about 7.5 kg and produces 11 watts AC power with a conversion efficiency of 18.5%. Two engine models have been designed, fabricated, and tested to date: (a) a developmental model instrumented to confirm and test parameters, and (b) an electrically heated model with an electrical heater equipped power input leads. Critical components have been tested for 10,000 to 20,000 hours. One complete generator has been operating for over 11,000 hours. Radioisotope heated prototypes are expected to be fabricated and tested in late 1995.

Tingey, G.L.; Sorensen, G.C. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Ross, B.A. [Stirling Technology Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Isotope powered stirling generator for terrestrial applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An electric power supply, small enough to be man-portable, is being developed for remote, terrestrial applications. This system is designed for an operating lifetime of five years without maintenance or refueling. A small Radioisotope Stirling Generator (RSG) has been developed. The energy source of the generator is a 60 watt plutonium-238 fuel clad used in the General Purpose Heat Sources (GPHS) developed for space applications. A free piston Stirling ENgine drives a linear alternator to convert the heat to power. The system weighs about 7.5 kg and produces 11 watts AC power with a conversion efficiency of 18.5%. Two engine models have been designed, fabricated, and tested to data: (a) a development model instrumented to confirm and test parameters, and (b) an electrically heated model with an electrical heater equipped power input leads. Critical components have been tested for 10,000 to 20,000 hours. One complete generator has been operating for over 11,000 hours. Radioisotope heated prototypes are expected to be fabricated and tested in late 1995. {copyright} 1995 {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}

Tingey, G.L.; Sorensen, G.C. [Battelle, Paific Laboratory, P.O. Box 999, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States); Ross, B.A. [Stirling Technology Company, 2952 George Washington Way, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States)

1995-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

436

GENERALIZED JACOBI FUNCTIONS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... the aforementioned difficulties, as they are based on local operations, and ... methods for a class of prototypical FDEs, conduct error analysis and present...

2015-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

437

A Segmented, Enriched N-type Germanium Detector for Neutrinoless Double Beta-Decay Experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present data characterizing the performance of the _rst segmented, N- type Ge detector, isotopically enriched to 85% 76Ge. This detector, based on the Ortec PT6x2 design and referred to as SEGA (Segmented, Enriched Germanium Assembly), was developed as a possible prototype for neutrinoless double beta-decay measurements by the Majorana collaboration. We present some of the general characteristics (including bias potential, efficiency, leakage current, and integral cross-talk) for this detector in its temporary cryostat. We also present an analysis of the resolution of the detector, and demonstrate that for all but two segments there is at least one channel that reaches the Majorana resolution goal below 4 keV FWHM at 2039 keV, and all channels are below 4.5 keV FWHM.

Leviner, L.; Aalseth, Craig E.; Ahmed, M. W.; Avignone, F. T.; Back, Henning O.; Barabash, Alexander S.; Boswell, M.; De Braeckeleer, L.; Brudanin, V.; Chan, Yuen-Dat; Egorov, Viatcheslav; Elliott, Steven R.; Gehman, Victor M.; Hossbach, Todd W.; Kephart, Jeremy; Kidd, M. F.; Konovalov, S.; Lesko, Kevin; Li, Jingyi; Mei, Dongming; Mikhailov, S.; Miley, Harry S.; Radford, D. C.; Reeves, James H.; Sandukovsky, Viatcheslav; Umatov, Valdimir; Underwood, T. A.; Tornow, W.; Wu, Y. K.; Young, A.

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

438

Further developments in generating type-safe messaging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At ICALEPCS 09, we introduced a source code generator that allows processes to communicate safely using data types native to each host language. In this paper, we discuss further development that has occurred since the conference in Kobe, Japan, including the addition of three more client languages, an optimization in network packet size and the addition of a new protocol data type. The protocol compiler is continuing to prove itself as an easy and robust way to get applications written in different languages hosted on different computer architectures to communicate. We have two active Erlang projects that are using the protocol compiler to access ACNET data at high data rates. We also used the protocol compiler output to deliver ACNET data to an iPhone/iPad application. Since it takes an average of two weeks to support a new language, we're willing to expand the protocol compiler to support new languages that our community uses.

Neswold, R.; King, C.; /Fermilab

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Time: 0:00:00 Information type: alert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How: get inspired by other, similar designs; be creative · Trend watching o Example: pottery sells-like cup of coffee o How: prototyping, using clay for the form and material samples. · User interface

Edinburgh, University of

440

Requirements for Foreign National Payments Type of Payment Visa Type  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

8233 36% 36% Royalty* NA NA NA NA Yes NA* No Yes W8BEN Varies 1. The visa types listed are the most related to the field of study on the I-20. 10. For Royalty payments the visa doc is not needed when

Wolpert, Robert L

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The Design and Evaluation of Prototype Eco-Feedback Displays for Fixture-Level Water Usage Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the design of future water eco-feedback systems but also for other types of consumption (e.g., electricity ABSTRACT Few means currently exist for home occupants to learn about their water consumption: e.g., where to extract, water suppliers and governments are shifting their focus from finding new supplies to using

Anderson, Richard

442

FLATNESS EVALUATION FOR A V-FLASH RAPID PROTOTYPE (RP) MACHINE Abdon Godinez Velasco, Mohammed Anazi, Gaurav Ameta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the object. There are two main types of RP: Subtractive Manufacturing Additive Manufacturing This research focuses on additive manufacturing (AM). V- Flash is a machine (see figure 1) that uses Engineering ,Washington State University, Pullman WA 99164 Abstract In today`s society manufacturing is very

Collins, Gary S.

443

Dark fleshed varieties (Bing type) in regular type, light fleshed varieties (Rainier type) in italics Sweet Cherries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dark fleshed varieties (Bing type) in regular type, light fleshed varieties (Rainier type and Royalton. For more information about these and other varieties, visit our web site at www

444

Country Scotland Type Single malt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Country Scotland Type Single malt Distillery Aberfeldy Region Highlands Age 12 years ABV 40% Cask, the perfume characteristics become more spicy, with a bitter hint of Seville oranges in a decidedly dry finish. Drying citrus/oak with a gentle spiciness, held in a warm embrace of cigar smoke, and a little vanilla

Izzard, Rob

445

Country Scotland Type Single malt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Country Scotland Type Single malt Distillery Jura Region Island Name Prophecy ABV 46 Cask French airport Notes Limited annual release: 10,000 bottles only. Nose Some peat, aniseed, oily, dry, pungent, dried hay, and anise round things out. Palate Smoky and dry, a muscular, powerful Jura with notes

Izzard, Rob

446

Nonlinear springs with applications to flow regulation valves and mechanisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis focuses on the application of nonlinear springs for fluid flow control valves where geometric constraints, or fabrication technologies, limit the use of available solutions. Types of existing nonlinear springs ...

Freeman, David Calvin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Applications of a portable MCA in nuclear safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1981 a small, battery-operated multichannel analyzer (MCA) prototype developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory was delivered to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The intent was to produce an instrument for inspector (nonscientist) use. Automated measurement programs were built into the MCA. An enhanced, commercially produced MCA is now available, which was patterned after and is software compatible with the prototype. After an extensive review of the hardware and software of the available portable MCAs, the IAEA has chosen this MCA to be used by IAEA inspectors throughout the world. Inspectors from the EURATOM Directorate of Safeguards are also using these MCAs in inspections throughout Europe. While this MCA's portability and programmability make it ideally suited for infield applications, its powerful built-in intelligence and communications protocol make it a strong candidate for distributed data acquisition and control systems. The user-instrument interface philosophy is so easy to use that in domestic and international training schools, the operators manual is not used.

Halbig, J.K.; Klosterbuer, F.; Cameron, R.A.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

HIGH EFFICIENCY, LOW EMISSIONS, SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL SYSTEMS FOR MULTIPLE APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Technology Management Inc. (TMI), teamed with the Ohio Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, has engineered, constructed, and demonstrated a stationary, low power, multi-module solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) prototype system operating on propane and natural gas. Under Phase I, TMI successfully operated two systems in parallel, in conjunction with a single DC-AC inverter and battery bus, and produced net AC electricity. Phase II testing expanded to include alternative and renewable fuels typically available in rural regions of Ohio. The commercial system is expected to have ultra-low pollution, high efficiency, and low noise. The TMI SOFC uses a solid ceramic electrolyte operating at high temperature (800-1000 C) which electrochemically converts gaseous fuels (hydrogen or mixed gases) and oxygen into electricity. The TMI system design oxidizes fuel primarily via electrochemical reactions and uses no burners (which pollute and consume fuel)--resulting in extremely clean exhaust. The use of proprietary sulfur tolerant materials developed by TMI allows system operation without additional fuel pre-processing or sulfur removal. Further, the combination of high operating temperatures and solid state operation increases the potential for higher reliability and efficiencies compared to other types of fuel cells. Applications for the TMI SOFC system cover a wide range of transportation, building, industrial, and military market sectors. A generic technology, fuel cells have the potential to be embodied into multiple products specific to Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) program areas including: Fuel Cells and Microturbines, School Buildings, Transportation, and Bioenergy. This program focused on low power stationary applications using a multi-module system operating on a range of common fuels. By producing clean electricity more efficiently (thus using less fuel), fuel cells have the triple effect of cleaning up the environment, reducing the amount of fuel consumed and, for energy intensive manufacturers, boosting their profits (by reducing energy expenses). Compared to conventional power generation technologies such as internal combustion engines, gas turbines, and coal plants, fuel cells are extremely clean and more efficient, particularly at smaller scales.

Sara Ward; Michael A. Petrik

2004-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

449

A Test Facility for the International Linear Collider at SLAC End Station A, for Prototypes of Beam Delivery and IR Components  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SLAC Linac can deliver damped bunches with ILC parameters for bunch charge and bunch length to End Station A. A 10Hz beam at 28.5 GeV energy can be delivered there, parasitic with PEP-II operation. We plan to use this facility to test prototype components of the Beam Delivery System and Interaction Region. We discuss our plans for this ILC Test Facility and preparations for carrying out experiments related to collimator wakefields and energy spectrometers. We also plan an interaction region mockup to investigate effects from backgrounds and beam-induced electromagnetic interference.

Woods, M.; Erickson, R.; Frisch, J.; Hast, C.; Jobe, R.K.; Keller, L.; Markiewicz, T.; Maruyama, T.; McCormick, D.; Nelson, J.; Nelson, T.; Phinney, N.; Raubenheimer, T.; Ross, M.; Seryi, A.; Smith, S.; Szalata, Z.; Tenenbaum, P.; Woodley, M.; /SLAC; Angal-Kalinin, D.; Beard, C.; /Daresbury /CERN /DESY /KEK, Tsukuba /LLNL, Livermore /Lancaster U.

2005-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

450

Experimental time to burnout of a prototypical ITER divertor plate during a simulated loss of flow accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the sponsorship of the Department of Energy, Office of Utility Technologies, the Energy Storage System Analysis and Development Department at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) conducted a cost analysis of energy storage systems for electric utility applications. The scope of the study included the analysis of costs for existing and planned battery, SMES, and flywheel energy storage systems. The analysis also identified the potential for cost reduction of key components.

Marshall, T.D. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Watson, R.D.; McDonald, J.M. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [and others

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Automatic Utterance Type Detection Using Suprasegmental Features  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that different types of utterances have different suprasegmental characteristics. The categorisation of these utterance types is based on the theory of conversation games and consists of 12 move types (e.g. reply to a question, wh-question, acknowledgement...

Wright, Helen

452

Heat pumps in industrial cleaning applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat pumps in industrial cleaning applications Achema 2012 - Frankfurt Bjarke Paaske, bjpa consuming n Plants are often heated by electricity n No standard heat pump units available Project to promote heat pumps in industrial cleaning apps. #12;Cleaning plant, drum type Items enter here #12;Washing

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

453

RADIATION PERMIT APPLICATION Western Human Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Model of Radiation Device (if applicable) Experimental Protocol Describe in detail your experimental the aspects that pertain to safety issues, describe any special hazards, and include the following: 1. Brief will be performed 7. Provide a waste disposal flow chart indicating approx. activities (mCi or MBq) for each type

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

454

IB Peer Advisor Application Dear Applicant,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IB Peer Advisor Application 2014-2015 Dear Applicant, Thank you for your interest in being an IB Peer Advisor for the 2014-15 academic year. These positions provide valuable opportunities for students all of the components of the peer advisor position before applying, · a one page application form

California at Berkeley, University of

455

Application Process and Eligibility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Program Application Process and Eligibility Application Process and Eligibility Both US and non-US citizens are eligible to apply, but US citizenship may be required for some...

456

SAGE Application Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Application Process SAGE Application Process A National Science Foundation Research Experiences for Undergraduates program Contacts Institute Director Harald Dogliani-Los Alamos...

457

Sensor Management Policies to Provide Application QoS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the environment can be derived, while operating as energyefficiently as possible and at the same time meeting management, energyefficiency, application QoS 1 Introduction Interest in the use of wireless sensor networks with this goal of energyefficiency essentially provides a type of application quality of service (Qo

Heinzelman, Wendi

458

An Analysis of the DER Adoption Climate in Japan UsingOptimization Results for Prototype Buildings with U.S. Comparisons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research demonstrates economically optimal distributedenergy resource (DER) system choice using the DER choice and operationsoptimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer AdoptionModel (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination of installedequipment given prevailing utility tariffs and fuel prices, siteelectrical and thermal loads (including absorption cooling), and a menuof available equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeitidealized, that shows how site useful energy loads can be served atminimum cost. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examinedand DER-CAM is applied to select the economically optimal DER system foreach. Based on the optimization results, energy and emission reductionsare evaluated. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbonemissions, and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savingswere most noticeable in the prototype sports facility, followed by thehospital, hotel, and office building. Results show that DER with combinedheat and power equipment is a promising efficiency and carbon mitigationstrategy, but that precise system design is necessary. Furthermore, aJapan-U.S. comparison study of policy, technology, and utility tariffsrelevant to DER installation is presented.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

2006-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

459

Development and application of amorphous core-distribution transformers in Quebec  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes research and development activities at Hydro-Quebec over the last ten years for improving the efficiency of distribution transformers in Quebec. A shell-type (wound-core) design making optimum use of the properties of amorphous metals (Metglas TCA formerly known as Metglas 2605s-2, Allied Signal Inc., Morristown, NJ) was adopted. Dry and oil-cooled, amorphous-core transformer prototypes were built. The joint research and development project was initiated with Transformateurs Ferranti-Packard Ltee, a company of Rolls-Royce Industries Canada Inc., to build and test a few units of high performance transformers on the Hydro-Quebec power system.

Schulz, R.; Alexandrov, N.; Simoneau, R.; Roberge, R. [Hydro-Quebec Research Inst., Varennes, Quebec (Canada). Materials Technology Dept.; Tetreault, J. [Hydro-Quebec, Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

The technique and preliminary results of LEU U-Mo full-size IRT type fuel testing in the MIR reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In March 2007 in-pile testing of LEU U-Mo full-size IRT type fuel elements was started in the MIR reactor. Four prototype fuel elements for Uzbekistan WWR SM reactor are being tested simultaneously - two of tube type design and two of pin type design. The dismountable irradiation devices were constructed for intermediate reloading and inspection of fuel elements during reactor testing. The objective of the test is to obtain the experimental results for determination of more reliable design and licensing fuel elements for conversion of the WWR SM reactor. The heat power of fuel elements is measured on-line by thermal balance method. The distribution of fission density and burn-up of uranium in the volume of elements are calculated by using the MIR reactor MCU code (Monte-Carlo) model. In this paper the design of fuel elements, the technique, main parameters and preliminary results are described. (author)

Izhutov, A.L.; Starkov, V.A.; Pimenov, V.V.; Fedoseev, V.Ye. [Research Reactor Complex, RIAR, 433510, Dimitrovgrad-10, Ulyanovsk Region (Russian Federation); Dobrikova, I.V.; Vatulin, A.V.; Suprun, V.B. [A.A. Bochvar All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Inorganic Materials, P. O. Box 369, 123060, Moscow (Russian Federation); Kartashov, Ye.F.; Lukichev, V.A. [Research and Development Institute of Nuclear Energy and Industry, P. O. Box 788, 107014, Moscow (Russian Federation); Troyanov, V.M.; Enin, A.A.; Tkachev, A.A. [OAO 'TVEL' 119017, ul. B. Ordinka 24/26, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "type application prototype" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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461

Grants.gov Submission Process for NIH Applications Important Points to Remember as You Prepare Your Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grants.gov Submission Process for NIH Applications Important Points to Remember as You Prepare Your package, please leave any field or reference to a CFDA number blank; NIH will fill in this information Name." 4. When preparing your application, the NIH guidelines on font-size, font-type, and ½ -inch

Firestone, Jeremy

462

EPICS Version 4 - Implementing Complex Data Types  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through phase 1 and phase 2 SBIR grants, s fully functional I/O Controller and communication protocol for version 4 of EPICS is completed. This new software architecture provides a flexible and extendible architecture. Version 4 is implemented fully in Java. The performance metrics look promising. The final portion of phase 2 is to optimize the communication mechanisms. Subsequent work on different aspects of this are required to provide a viable solutions in various areas. Version 3 of EPICS is able to provide a platform for implementing channel based control, because the channel and attributes for time stamping, alarm, display and control were narrow, well defined, and complete. To extend EPICS functionality beyond this, it is necessary to define attributes needed for archive data, array, image data, and directory services. The proper handling of several array types enables the development of middle layer servers such as orbit and bump control in accelerators. Phase 1 should produce a well defined, reviewed, and agreed upon definition of the metadata required for these services. A Phase 2 grant would provide tools that implemented archiving, general array, imaging, and directory applications.

Marty Kraimer,; John dalesio

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

463

HEXAGONAL ARRAY STRUCTURE FOR 2D NDE APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a combination of simulation and experimentation to evaluate the advantages offered by utilizing a hexagonal shaped array element in a 2D NDE array structure. The active material is a 1-3 connectivity piezoelectric composite structure incorporating triangular shaped pillars--each hexagonal array element comprising six triangular pillars. A combination of PZFlex, COMSOL and Matlab has been used to simulate the behavior of this device microstructure, for operation around 2.25 MHz, with unimodal behavior and low levels of mechanical cross-coupling predicted. Furthermore, the application of hexagonal array elements enables the array aperture to increase by approximately 30%, compared to a conventional orthogonal array matrix and hence will provide enhanced volumetric coverage and SNR. Prototype array configurations demonstrate good corroboration of the theoretically predicted mechanical cross-coupling between adjacent array elements (approx23 dB).

Dziewierz, J.; Ramadas, S. N.; Gachagan, A.; O'Leary, R. L. [Centre for Ultrasonic Engineering, Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, G1 1XW (United Kingdom)

2010-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

464

Application of Geiger-mode photo sensors in Cherenkov detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Silicon-based photosensors (SiPMs) working in the Geiger-mode represent an elegant solution for the readout of particle detectors working at low-light levels like Cherenkov detectors. Especially the insensitivity to magnetic fields makes this kind of sensors suitable for modern detector systems in subatomic physics which are usually employing magnets for momentum resolution. In our institute we are characterizing SiPMs of different manufacturers for selecting sensors and finding optimum operating conditions for given applications. Recently we designed and built a light concentrator prototype with 8x8 cells to increase the active photon detection area of an 8x8 SiPM (Hamamatsu MPPC S10931-100P) array. Monte Carlo studies, measurements of the collection efficiency, and tests with the MPPC were carried out. The status of these developments are presented.

Gamal Ahmed; Paul Buehler; Michael Cargnelli; Roland Hohler; Johann Marton; Herbert Orth; Ken Suzuki

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

465

Application of Geiger-mode photo sensors in Cherenkov detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Silicon-based photosensors (SiPMs) working in the Geiger-mode represent an elegant solution for the readout of particle detectors working at low-light levels like Cherenkov detectors. Especially the insensitivity to magnetic fields makes this kind of sensors suitable for modern detector systems in subatomic physics which are usually employing magnets for momentum resolution. In our institute we are characterizing SiPMs of different manufacturers for selecting sensors and finding optimum operating conditions for given applications. Recently we designed and built a light concentrator prototype with 8x8 cells to increase the active photon detection area of an 8x8 SiPM (Hamamatsu MPPC S10931-100P) array. Monte Carlo studies, measurements of the collection efficiency, and tests with the MPPC were carried out. The status of these developments are presented.

Ahmed, Gamal; Cargnelli, Michael; Hohler, Roland; Marton, Johann; Orth, Herbert; Suzuki, Ken

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Applicability of Telemedicine in Bangladesh: Current Status and Future Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Telemedicine refers to the use of information and communication technology to provide and support health care mainly for the purpose of providing consultation. It is also a way to provide medic