Sample records for tx texas propane

  1. at Texas Tech University 1717 Norfolk Ave. Lubbock, TX 79416

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yuanlin

    in the South Plains allowing us to provide the most comprehensive retirement choice in West Texas. Why waitat Texas Tech University #12;1717 Norfolk Ave. · Lubbock, TX 79416 806.281.6200 · carillonlubbock, Betty Jennings, Mary Vines and Fred Wagner THE OFFICIAL RETIREMENT COMMUNITY OF TEXAS TECH ATHLETICS

  2. A Voltage Controlled Nano Addressing Circuit University of Texas, San Antonio TX 78249, USA,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Bao

    A Voltage Controlled Nano Addressing Circuit Bao Liu University of Texas, San Antonio TX 78249, USA, Abstract. A voltage controlled nano addressing circuit is proposed, which (1) improves yield and enables aggressive scaling with no require- ment of precise layout design, (2) achieves precision of addressing

  3. University of Texas Arlington Health Services Box 19329 605 S. West St. Arlington, TX 76019 T. 817.272.2771 F. 817.272.3829

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Arlington, University of

    Form 130D University of Texas Arlington Health Services Box 19329 605 S. West St. Arlington, TX, appropriate staff, and The University of Texas at Arlington and its officers, regents, and employees shall

  4. EIS-0412: Federal Loan Guarantee to Support Construction of the TX Energy LLC, Industrial Gasification Facility near Beaumont, Texas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy is assessing the potential environmental impacts for its proposed action of issuing a Federal loan guarantee to TX Energy, LLC (TXE). TXE submitted an application to DOE under the Federal loan guarantee program pursuant to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005) to support construction of the TXE industrial Gasification Facility near Beaumont, Texas.

  5. Texas AgriLife Research & Extension Center, 1102 East FM 1294, Lubbock, TX 79403 (806) 746-6101, FAX (806) 746-4057, ctrostle@ag.tamu.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    79403 (806) 746-6101, FAX (806) 746-4057, ctrostle@ag.tamu.edu Guar Update, West Texas currently consists of two primary entities: · West Texas Guar, Brownfield, TX, (806) 637-4662, http://www.westtexasguar.com (Klint Forbes, owner/manager, klint@westtexasguar.com). West Texas Guar currently serves as the only

  6. Justin Yates -Assistant Professor -Industrial and Systems Engineering -Texas A&M University 4079 ETB -College Station, TX, 77843-3131 -(O) 979-458-2337 -(E) jtyates@tamu.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boas, Harold P.

    ETB - College Station, TX, 77843-3131 - (O) 979-458-2337 - (E) jtyates@tamu.edu 1 Education: Ph - Texas A&M University 4079 ETB - College Station, TX, 77843-3131 - (O) 979-458-2337 - (E) jtyates

  7. Guar Varieties and P Fertility at AGCARES, Lamesa, TX, 2001-2003 Calvin Trostle, Texas Cooperative Extension--Lubbock, c-trostle@tamu.edu, (806) 746-6101;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    . Justin Tuggle, CropDocs Consulting, Brownfield, TX, and it was seeded at a rate of ~5 lbs./A due and net return on variable costs: At $12.50-14.25/cwt. (contracted with West Texas Guar, Brownfield, TX, Brownfield) $14.25 $14.00 $12.50 Gross return $78.25 $122.50 $87.50 Variable costs of production $54.25 $56

  8. The catalytic oxidation of propane 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanderson, Charles Frederick

    1949-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE CATALYTIC OXIDATION OP PROPANE A Thesis By Charles Frederick Sandersont * * June 1949 Approval as to style and content recommended: Head of the Department of Chemical Engineering THE CATALYTICi OXIDATTON OF PROPANE A Thesis By Charles... Frederick ;Sandersonit * June 1949 THE CATALYTIC OXIDATION OP PROPANE A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy Major...

  9. The catalytic oxidation of propane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanderson, Charles Frederick

    1949-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE CATALYTIC OXIDATION OP PROPANE A Thesis By Charles Frederick Sandersont * * June 1949 Approval as to style and content recommended: Head of the Department of Chemical Engineering THE CATALYTICi OXIDATTON OF PROPANE A Thesis By Charles... Frederick ;Sandersonit * June 1949 THE CATALYTIC OXIDATION OP PROPANE A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy Major...

  10. File:03-TX-e - Lease of Texas Parks & Wildlife Department Land (1).pdf |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual1WAALandUsePlanning.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File FileInformation -TX-d -Open

  11. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Texas City Chemicals Co Inc - TX 02

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling Corp -K LeDowntown Site -Tennessee ValleyTexas

  12. Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension Center at Amarillo 6500 Amarillo Boulevard, West | Amarillo, TX 79106

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension Center at Amarillo 6500 Amarillo Boulevard, West of the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service are open to all people without regard to race, color, sex, disability, religion, age, or national origin. The Texas A&M University System, U.S. Department

  13. Trust Prediction via Aggregating Heterogeneous Social University of Texas at Arlington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tu, Yicheng

    , TX 76013 feipingnie@gmail.com Heng Huang University of Texas at Arlington Arlington, TX 76013 heng

  14. The -space Property in Monotonically Normal Spaces and GO-Spaces Harold R. Bennett, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutzer, David J.

    The -space Property in Monotonically Normal Spaces and GO-Spaces by Harold R. Bennett, Texas Tech-8795 Abstract In this paper we examine the role of the -space property (equivalently of the MCM-property) in generalized ordered (GO-)spaces and, more generally, in monotonically normal spaces. We show that a GO-space

  15. Propane on Titan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. G. Roe; T. K. Greathouse; M. J. Richter; J. H. Lacy

    2003-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the first observations of propane (C$_3$H$_8$) on Titan that unambiguously resolve propane features from other numerous stratospheric emissions. This is accomplished using a $R=\\lambda/\\delta\\lambda\\approx10^5$ spectrometer (TEXES) to observe propane's $\

  16. LADY BIRD JOHNSON MIDDLE SCHOOL IRVING, TX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;#12;#12;LADY BIRD JOHNSON MIDDLE SCHOOL IRVING, TX 2012 CAUDILL AWARD WINNER The 1st NET ZERO public school in Texas The 1st NET ZERO middle school in the United States The LARGEST NET ZERO school displays building performance and NET ZERO efficiency. #12;LADY BIRD JOHNSON MIDDLE SCHOOL IRVING, TX

  17. Nationwide: Southeast Propane Autogas Development Program Brings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Southeast Propane Autogas Development Program Brings 1200 Propane Vehicles to the Road Nationwide: Southeast Propane Autogas Development Program Brings 1200 Propane Vehicles to the...

  18. txH2O: Volume 3, Number 2 (Complete) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Water Resources Institute

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    H 2 Otx Fall 2007 A Publication of the Texas Water Resources Institute Texas Water Resources Institute | Texas Agricultural Experiment Station | Texas Cooperative Extension ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? In This Issue: MANAGING BACTERIA POLLUTION IN TEXAS... Kari Miller Assistant Editors Texas Water Resources Institute Visit our Web site at http://twri.tamu.edu for more information and to subscribe to tx H 2 O On the cover: Low-temperature electron micrograph of a cluster of E. coli bacteria. Each...

  19. Economic Implications of Biological Control of Arundo donax in the Texas Rio Grande Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seawright, Emily; Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald; McCorkle, Dean; Sturdivant, Allen; Goolsby, John; Yang, Chenghai; Harris, B.L.

    , TX. 3 Texas AgriLife Extension Service, College Station, TX. 4 Texas A&M University, Agricultural Research and Extension Center, Weslaco, TX. 5 United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Weslaco, TX. 6 Texas Water... Resources Institute, College Station, TX Texas Water Resources Institute Technical Report No. 358 Texas A&M University System College Station, Texas 77843-2118 November 2009 TR-358 November 2009 Economic Implications of Biological Control...

  20. txH2O: Volume 4, Number 2 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Water Resources Institute

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Farmer Art Director AgriLife Communications & Marketing Danielle Supercinski Assistant Editor Texas Water Resources Institute Visit our web site at http://twri.tamu.edu for more information and to subscribe to tx H 2 O On the cover: The Rio Grande one... Texas Water Resources Institute Tammisha Farmer Art Director AgriLife Communications & Marketing Danielle Supercinski Assistant Editor Texas Water Resources Institute Visit our web site at http://twri.tamu.edu for more information and to subscribe to tx...

  1. Propane Vehicle Demonstration Grant Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jack Mallinger

    2004-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Project Description: Propane Vehicle Demonstration Grants The Propane Vehicle Demonstration Grants was established to demonstrate the benefits of new propane equipment. The US Department of Energy, the Propane Education & Research Council (PERC) and the Propane Vehicle Council (PVC) partnered in this program. The project impacted ten different states, 179 vehicles, and 15 new propane fueling facilities. Based on estimates provided, this project generated a minimum of 1,441,000 new gallons of propane sold for the vehicle market annually. Additionally, two new off-road engines were brought to the market. Projects originally funded under this project were the City of Portland, Colorado, Kansas City, Impco Technologies, Jasper Engines, Maricopa County, New Jersey State, Port of Houston, Salt Lake City Newspaper, Suburban Propane, Mutual Liquid Propane and Ted Johnson.

  2. Further experimental studies of steam-propane injection to enhance recovery of Morichal oil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson,Mark Anthony

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1998-1999, experimental research was conducted by Goite at Texas A&M University into steam-propane injection to enhance oil recovery from the Morichal field, Venezuela. Goite's results showed that, compared with steam injection alone, steam-propane...

  3. Experimental studies of steam-propane injection to enhance recovery of an intermediate crude oil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tinss, Judicael Christopher

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the past few years, research has been conducted at Texas A&M University on steam-propane injection to enhance oil recovery from the Morichal field, Venezuela, which contains 13.5 ?API gravity oil. Experimental results show that a 5:100 propane...

  4. Experimental studies of steam-propane injection to enhance recovery of an intermediate crude oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tinss, Judicael Christopher

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the past few years, research has been conducted at Texas A&M University on steam-propane injection to enhance oil recovery from the Morichal field, Venezuela, which contains 13.5 ?API gravity oil. Experimental results show that a 5:100 propane...

  5. Further experimental studies of steam-propane injection to enhance recovery of Morichal oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson,Mark Anthony

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1998-1999, experimental research was conducted by Goite at Texas A&M University into steam-propane injection to enhance oil recovery from the Morichal field, Venezuela. Goite's results showed that, compared with steam injection alone, steam-propane...

  6. austin tx usa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    78712, USA b Bureau of Economic Geology, Jackson School of Geology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78713, USA c Department of Mathematics Minkoff, Susan E. 50...

  7. Experimental and analytical studies of hydrocarbon yields under dry-, steam-, and steam with propane-distillation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramirez Garnica, Marco Antonio

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent experimental and simulation studies -conducted at the Department of Petroleum Engineering at Texas A&M University - confirm oil production is accelerated when propane is used as an additive during steam injection. To better understand...

  8. Experimental and analytical studies of hydrocarbon yields under dry-, steam-, and steam-with-propane distillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaiswal, Namit

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    EXPERIMENTAL AND ANALYTICAL STUDIES OF HYDROCARBON YIELDS UNDER DRY-, STEAM-, AND STEAM-WITH- PROPANE DISTILLATION A Dissertation by NAMIT JAISWAL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University...-WITH- PROPANE-DISTILLATION A Dissertation by NAMIT JAISWAL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved...

  9. DMO Dental -Texas Rice University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Aetna Dental Inc. Three Sugar Creek Center Sugar Land, TX 77478 1-877-238-6200 CERTIFICATE OF COVERAGE Creek Center Sugar Land, TX 77478 Usted puede escribir a Aetna Dental Inc.: Aetna Dental Inc Three Sugar Creek Center Sugar Land, TX 77478 You may contact the Texas Department of Insurance to obtain

  10. Residential propane price increases

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heating oil pricepropane price05, 2014propane

  11. Residential propane prices available

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heating oil pricepropane price05,propane prices

  12. Residential propane prices decreases

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heating oil pricepropane price05,propane prices5, 2014

  13. Residential propane prices increase

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heating oil pricepropane price05,propane prices5,

  14. Residential propane prices increase

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heating oil pricepropane price05,propane

  15. 2013 Propane Market Outlook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isNFebruary 2004AugustApril 20133 Audit2013 NUFOPlasma Propane

  16. TEXAS LPG FUEL CELL DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION PROJECT Full-Text - Submission contains both citation data and full-text of the journal article. Full-text can be either a pre-print or post-print, but not the copyrighted article.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SOUTHWEST RESEARCH LABORATORY SUBMITTED BY SUBCONTRACTOR, RAILROAD COMMISSION OF TEXAS

    2004-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The State Energy Conservation Office has executed its first Fuel Cell Project which was awarded under a Department of Energy competitive grant process. The Texas LPG Fuel Processor Development and Fuel Cell Demonstration Program is a broad-based public/private partnership led by the Texas State Energy Conservation Office (SECO). Partners include the Alternative Fuels Research and Education Division (AFRED) of the Railroad Commission of Texas; Plug Power, Inc., Latham, NY, UOP/HyRadix, Des Plaines, IL; Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), San Antonio, TX; the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC), and the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT). The team proposes to mount a development and demonstration program to field-test and evaluate markets for HyRadix?s LPG fuel processor system integrated into Plug Power?s residential-scale GenSys? 5C (5 kW) PEM fuel cell system in a variety of building types and conditions of service. The program?s primary goal is to develop, test, and install a prototype propane-fueled residential fuel cell power system supplied by Plug Power and HyRadix in Texas. The propane industry is currently funding development of an optimized propane fuel processor by project partner UOP/HyRadix through its national checkoff program, the Propane Education and Research Council (PERC). Following integration and independent verification of performance by Southwest Research Institute, Plug Power and HyRadix will produce a production-ready prototype unit for use in a field demonstration. The demonstration unit produced during this task will be delivered and installed at the Texas Department of Transportation?s TransGuide headquarters in San Antonio, Texas. Simultaneously, the team will undertake a market study aimed at identifying and quantifying early-entry customers, technical and regulatory requirements, and other challenges and opportunities that need to be addressed in planning commercialization of the units. For further information please contact Mary-Jo Rowan at mary-jo.rowan@cpa.state.tx.us

  17. Equipment Only - Solar Resources Measurements at the University of Texas at Austin, TX: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-07-222

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stoffel, T.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Faculty and staff at the University of Texas at Austin collected solar resource measurements at their campus using equipment on loan from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The equipment was used to train students on the operation and maintenance of solar radiometers and was returned to NREL's Solar Radiation Research Laboratory upon completion of the CRADA. The resulting data augment the solar resource climatology information required for solar resource characterizations in the U.S. The cooperative agreement was also consistent with NREL's goal of developing an educated workforce to advance renewable energy technologies.

  18. TX-100 manufacturing final project report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ashwill, Thomas D.; Berry, Derek S. (TPI Composites, Inc., Warren, RI)

    2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report details the work completed under the TX-100 blade manufacturing portion of the Carbon-Hybrid Blade Developments: Standard and Twist-Coupled Prototype project. The TX-100 blade is a 9 meter prototype blade designed with bend-twist coupling to augment the mitigation of peak loads during normal turbine operation. This structural coupling was achieved by locating off axis carbon fiber in the outboard portion of the blade skins. The report will present the tooling selection, blade production, blade instrumentation, blade shipping and adapter plate design and fabrication. The baseline blade used for this project was the ERS-100 (Revision D) wind turbine blade. The molds used for the production of the TX-100 were originally built for the production of the CX-100 blade. The same high pressure and low pressure skin molds were used to manufacture the TX-100 skins. In order to compensate for the difference in skin thickness between the CX-100 and the TX-100, however, a new TX-100 shear web plug and mold were required. Both the blade assembly fixture and the root stud insertion fixture used for the CX-100 blades could be utilized for the TX-100 blades. A production run of seven TX-100 prototype blades was undertaken at TPI Composites during the month of October, 2004. Of those seven blades, four were instrumented with strain gauges before final assembly. After production at the TPI Composites facility in Rhode Island, the blades were shipped to various test sites: two blades to the National Wind Technology Center at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Boulder, Colorado, two blades to Sandia National Laboratory in Albuquerque, New Mexico and three blades to the United States Department of Agriculture turbine field test facility in Bushland, Texas. An adapter plate was designed to allow the TX-100 blades to be installed on existing Micon 65/13M turbines at the USDA site. The conclusion of this program is the kick-off of the TX-100 blade testing at the three testing facilities.

  19. 35095,"AGWAY PETRO CORP",1,231,"PROPANE/NGL",0712,"CHAMPL-RS...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    TX","TEXAS",3,595,"MEXICO",44,0,0,,,,, 35095,"AMERADA HESS CORP",1,152,"MOTOR GAS, OTHER FINISHED",1703,"SAVANNAH,GA","GEORGIA",1,078,"VIRGIN ISLANDS,...

  20. Texas Watershed Planning Short Course Participant List June 2 6, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    @ag.tamu.edu Vanessa Escobar Water Conservation Planner Texas Water Development Board PO Box 13231 Austin, TX78711

  1. RAPID/Roadmap/11-TX-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I GeothermalPotentialBiopowerSolidGenerationMethodInformation TexasTexas) Redirecta < RAPID‎TX-aTX-c

  2. SCOPES'05 Dallas, TX, Sept., 2005 Risk-Based Quality Improvement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian, Jeff

    (tian@engr.smu.edu) Southern Methodist University Dallas, Texas, USA Contents · Quality, Reliability for ES Jeff Tian, SMU #12;SCOPES'05, Dallas, TX, Sept., 2005 Slide. 2 Quality, Reliability, and Risk 0. SE Panel: New SE Paradigms for ES Jeff Tian, SMU #12;SCOPES'05, Dallas, TX, Sept., 2005 Slide. 3 Risk

  3. Managing Bacteria Pollution in Texas Waters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Story by Kathy Wythe tx H2O | pg. 2 BACTERIA MANAGING tx H2O | pg. 3 IN TEXAS WATERS POLLUTION Managing Bacteria Pollution in Texas Waters tx H2O | pg. 4 W ith 310 water bodies in Texas failing to meetwater quality standards because... of bacteria,managing bacteria pollution is commanding the attention of water agencies, researchers and stake- holders across Texas. These water bodies are listed in the 2006 Texas Water Quality Inventory and 303(d) List for failing to meet the standards...

  4. Managing Bacteria Pollution in Texas Waters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Story by Kathy Wythe tx H2O | pg. 2 BACTERIA MANAGING tx H2O | pg. 3 IN TEXAS WATERS POLLUTION Managing Bacteria Pollution in Texas Waters tx H2O | pg. 4 W ith 310 water bodies in Texas failing to meetwater quality standards because... of bacteria,managing bacteria pollution is commanding the attention of water agencies, researchers and stake- holders across Texas. These water bodies are listed in the 2006 Texas Water Quality Inventory and 303(d) List for failing to meet the standards...

  5. Liquid Propane Injection Technology Conductive to Today's North...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Technology Conductive to Today's North American Specification Liquid Propane Injection Technology Conductive to Today's North American Specification Liquid propane injection...

  6. HASE'07 Panel 4a Dallas, TX Achieving High Assurance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian, Jeff

    Jeff Tian (tian@engr.smu.edu) Southern Methodist University Dallas, Texas, USA Contents · HA Jeff Tian, SMU #12;HASE'07, Dallas, TX Slide. 2 Qualitative vs Quantification HA · Many aspects/subsystems. Performance: measurement/modeling. Analysis: statistical/other modeling Nov. 15, 2007 Jeff Tian, SMU #12;HASE

  7. Propane - A Mid-Heating Season Assessment

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report will analyze some of the factors leading up to the rapid increase in propane demand and subsequent deterioration in supply that propelled propane prices to record high levels during December and early January.

  8. Costs Associated With Propane Vehicle Fueling Infrastructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, M.; Gonzales, J.

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is designed to help fleets understand the cost factors associated with propane vehicle fueling infrastructure. It provides an overview of the equipment and processes necessary to develop a propane fueling station and offers estimated cost ranges.

  9. 1, 2341, 2001 OH + propane and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ACPD 1, 23­41, 2001 OH + propane and iodopropanes S. A. Carl and J. N. Crowley Title Page Abstract + propane and iodopropanes S. A. Carl and J. N. Crowley Title Page Abstract Introduction Conclusions #12;ACPD 1, 23­41, 2001 OH + propane and iodopropanes S. A. Carl and J. N. Crowley Title Page Abstract

  10. Fuels outlook for oil/propane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weigand, P.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The outlook for using oil and propane as fuels is outlined. The following topics are discussed: factors affecting price of the burner tip, supply and demand forecast, distribution costs and availability, alternate fuels economics, propane prices, No. 2 oil prices, natural gas vs. 1% residual HP prices, and future for industrial oil and propane consumers.

  11. Thermophysical property predictions of propane, propylene and their mixtures by Benedict-Webb-Rubin type equations of state 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bengani, Pramod Kumar

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTY PREDICTIONS OF PROPANE, PROPYLENE AND THEIR MIXTURES BY BENEDICT-WEBB-RUBIN TYPE EQUATIONS OF STATE A Thesis by PRAMOD KUMAR BENGANI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A & M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1990 Major Subject: Chemical Engineering THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTY PREDICTIONS OF PROPANE, PROPYLENE AND THEIR MIXTURES BY BENEDICT-WEBB-RUBIN TYPE EQUATIONS OF STATE A Thesis...

  12. txH2O: Volume 5, Number 2 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Water Resources Institute

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Supercinski Leslie Jordan Assistant Editors Texas Water Resources Institute Visit our Web site at http://twri.tamu.edu for more information and to subscribe to tx H2O On the cover: The Nueces River and Nueces Bay (pictured) is one of six priority... site at http://twri.tamu.edu for more information and to subscribe to tx H2O On the cover: The Nueces River and Nueces Bay (pictured) is one of six priority river basins for which a environmental flows regime will be established. Photo...

  13. West Texas Rain 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supercinski, Danielle

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tx H2O | pg. 19 West Texas Rain Story by Danielle Supercinski Rainwater, one of the purest sources of wateravailable, is scarce in West Texas. Residentsin this arid land must use all availablemethods of saving water. Rainwater har- vesting, a... in West Texas to educate the public about its potential as an alternative and inexpensive source of high-quality water. Most rainwater harvesting systems in the past were for personal use, but some businesses, industries and public institutions...

  14. Propane Market Model documentation report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to define the objectives of the Propane Market Model (PMM), describe its basic approach, and to provide details on model functions. This report is intended as a reference document for model analysts, users, and the general public. Documentation of the model is in accordance with EIA`s legal obligation to provide adequate documentation in support of its models. The PMM performs a short-term (6- to 9-months) forecast of demand and price for consumer-grad propane in the national US market; it also calculates the end-of-month stock level during the term of the forecast. Another part of the model allows for short-term demand forecasts for certain individual Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) districts. The model is used to analyze market behavior assumptions or shocks and to determine the effect on market price, demand, and stock level.

  15. Champions of Texas Water 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tx H2O | pg. 10 Champions of Texas Water Story by Kathy Wythe CHAMPIONS OF TEXAS WATER At quick glance, the two Texas women might seemopposite. One is tall, brown-haired and East-coast educated; the other petite, blonde and educated on the West... coast. A closer look reveals two women who are both ranchers and state officials with a similar passion for Texas and preserving its waters. Kathleen Hartnett White is chair of the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ), and Susan Combs...

  16. Champions of Texas Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tx H2O | pg. 10 Champions of Texas Water Story by Kathy Wythe CHAMPIONS OF TEXAS WATER At quick glance, the two Texas women might seemopposite. One is tall, brown-haired and East-coast educated; the other petite, blonde and educated on the West... coast. A closer look reveals two women who are both ranchers and state officials with a similar passion for Texas and preserving its waters. Kathleen Hartnett White is chair of the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ), and Susan Combs...

  17. EIS-0412: TX Energy, LLC, Industrial Gasification Facility Near...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2: TX Energy, LLC, Industrial Gasification Facility Near Beaumont, TX EIS-0412: TX Energy, LLC, Industrial Gasification Facility Near Beaumont, TX February 18, 2009 EIS-0412:...

  18. The determination of compressibility factors of gaseous propane-nitrogen mixtures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickson, Cecil Herman

    1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LIBRARY A A N O'iLLEOE OF 1EXAS THE DETERMINATION OF COMPRESSIBILITY FACTORS OF GASEOUS PROPANE-NITROGEIN MIXTURES A Thesis Cecil Herman Dickson Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of' Texas in partial... f'ulf'illment of the requirements for the de~ree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Ma]or GubjectI Chemistry May I&55 THE DETERMINATION OF COMPRESSIBILITY FACTORS OF GASEOUS PROPANE-NITROGEN MIXTURES A Thesis Cecil Herman Dickson Approved as to style...

  19. The determination of compressibility factors of gaseous propane-nitrogen mixtures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickson, Cecil Herman

    1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LIBRARY A A N O'iLLEOE OF 1EXAS THE DETERMINATION OF COMPRESSIBILITY FACTORS OF GASEOUS PROPANE-NITROGEIN MIXTURES A Thesis Cecil Herman Dickson Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of' Texas in partial... f'ulf'illment of the requirements for the de~ree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Ma]or GubjectI Chemistry May I&55 THE DETERMINATION OF COMPRESSIBILITY FACTORS OF GASEOUS PROPANE-NITROGEN MIXTURES A Thesis Cecil Herman Dickson Approved as to style...

  20. Silane-propane ignitor/burner

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hill, Richard W. (Livermore, CA); Skinner, Dewey F. (Livermore, CA); Thorsness, Charles B. (Livermore, CA)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A silane propane burner for an underground coal gasification process which is used to ignite the coal and to controllably retract the injection point by cutting the injection pipe. A narrow tube with a burner tip is positioned in the injection pipe through which an oxidant (oxygen or air) is flowed. A charge of silane followed by a supply of fuel, such as propane, is flowed through the tube. The silane spontaneously ignites on contact with oxygen and burns the propane fuel.

  1. Silane-propane ignitor/burner

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hill, R.W.; Skinner, D.F. Jr.; Thorsness, C.B.

    1983-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A silane propane burner for an underground coal gasification process which is used to ignite the coal and to controllably retract the injection point by cutting the injection pipe. A narrow tube with a burner tip is positioned in the injection pipe through which an oxidant (oxygen or air) is flowed. A charge of silane followed by a supply of fuel, such as propane, is flowed through the tube. The silane spontaneously ignites on contact with oxygen and burns the propane fuel.

  2. Comparison of Hydrogen and Propane Fuels (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Factsheet comparing the chemical, physical, and thermal properties of hydrogen and propane, designed to facilitate an understanding of the differences and similarites of the two fuels

  3. Comparison of Hydrogen and Propane Fuels (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Factsheet comparing the chemical, physical, and thermal properties of hydrogen and propane, designed to facilitate an understanding of the differences and similarites of the two fuels.

  4. Residential propane price decreases slightly

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heating oil pricepropane price05, 2014propane price

  5. Heating Oil and Propane Update - Energy Information Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Petroleum Reports Heating Oil and Propane Update Weekly heating oil and propane prices are only collected during the heating season, which extends from October through March....

  6. txH20: Volume 7, Number 2 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rapid and more complete than in other places where we may have a history of not fertilizing appropriately,? Redmon said. ?#31;e moisture part of it looks pre#30;y good. How much of a crop was destroyed is site-to- site speci#28;c.? Hay production...Life Research, the Texas AgriLife Extension Service and the Texas A&M University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. TWRI is funded in part by the U.S. Geological Survey and authorized by the Water Resources Research Act. To subscribe to txH2O or New...

  7. txH2O: Volume 6, Number 2 (Complete) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Water Resources Institute

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    drop in the bucket? Texas scientists on the real effects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill 7 I Developing solutions for sustainable living?the Urban Living Laboratory The world?s largest ?living laboratory? for research on green living 10 I... 26 I Controlling invasive weed Center begins studying giant salvinia-eating weevils 28 I TWRI Briefs 2 tx H2O Winter 2011 Story by Leslie Lee Texas scientists on the real e#31;ects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill Environmental disaster...

  8. txH20: Volume 6, Number 2 (Complete) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    drop in the bucket? Texas scientists on the real effects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill 7 I Developing solutions for sustainable living?the Urban Living Laboratory The world?s largest ?living laboratory? for research on green living 10 I... 26 I Controlling invasive weed Center begins studying giant salvinia-eating weevils 28 I TWRI Briefs 2 tx H2O Winter 2011 Story by Leslie Lee Texas scientists on the real e#31;ects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill Environmental disaster...

  9. RAPID/Roadmap/1-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I GeothermalPotentialBiopowerSolidGenerationMethodInformation TexasTexas) Redirect pageNV-a <TX-a <

  10. RAPID/Roadmap/11-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I GeothermalPotentialBiopowerSolidGenerationMethodInformation TexasTexas) Redirecta < RAPID‎TX-a <

  11. RAPID/Roadmap/11-TX-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I GeothermalPotentialBiopowerSolidGenerationMethodInformation TexasTexas) Redirecta < RAPID‎TX-a

  12. RAPID/Roadmap/12-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I GeothermalPotentialBiopowerSolidGenerationMethodInformation TexasTexas)ID-a < RAPID‎ |TX-a <

  13. 29Counting Atoms in a Molecule The complex molecule Propanal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29Counting Atoms in a Molecule The complex molecule Propanal was discovered in a dense interstellar is the ratio of carbon atoms to hydrogen atoms in propanal? Problem 4 - If the mass of a hydrogen atom of a propanal molecule in AMUs? Problem 5 - What is the complete chemical formula for propanal? C3 H __ O

  14. Alternative Fuel Tool Kit How to Implement: Propane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 08/2014 Alternative Fuel Tool Kit How to Implement: Propane Contents Introduction to Propane (LPG...........................................................................................................2 Benefits of Using Propane (LPG) for Transportation of Energy under Award Number DE-EE0006083. #12;2 08/2014 Introduction to Propane (LPG) for Transportation

  15. Evolutionary History of a Specialized P450 Propane Monooxygenase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Frances H.

    Evolutionary History of a Specialized P450 Propane Monooxygenase Rudi Fasan1 , Yergalem T-evolved P450 propane mono- oxygenase (P450PMO) having 20 heme domain substitutions compared to P450BM3 of propane activity. In contrast, refinement of the enzyme catalytic efficiency for propane oxidation (9000

  16. Propane vehicles : status, challenges, and opportunities.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rood Werpy, M.; Burnham, A.; Bertram, K.; Energy Systems

    2010-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Propane as an auto fuel has a high octane value and has key properties required for spark-ignited internal combustion engines. To operate a vehicle on propane as either a dedicated fuel or bi-fuel (i.e., switching between gasoline and propane) vehicle, only a few modifications must be made to the engine. Until recently propane vehicles have commonly used a vapor pressure system that was somewhat similar to a carburetion system, wherein the propane would be vaporized and mixed with combustion air in the intake plenum of the engine. This leads to lower efficiency as more air, rather than fuel, is inducted into the cylinder for combustion (Myers 2009). A newer liquid injection system has become available that injects propane directly into the cylinder, resulting in no mixing penalty because air is not diluted with the gaseous fuel in the intake manifold. Use of a direct propane injection system will improve engine efficiency (Gupta 2009). Other systems include the sequential multi-port fuel injection system and a bi-fuel 'hybrid' sequential propane injection system. Carbureted systems remain in use but mostly for non-road applications. In the United States a closed-loop system is used in after-market conversions. This system incorporates an electronic sensor that provides constant feedback to the fuel controller to allow it to measure precisely the proper air/fuel ratio. A complete conversion system includes a fuel controller, pressure regulator valves, fuel injectors, electronics, fuel tank, and software. A slight power loss is expected in conversion to a vapor pressure system, but power can still be optimized with vehicle modifications of such items as the air/fuel mixture and compression ratios. Cold start issues are eliminated for vapor pressure systems since the air/fuel mixture is gaseous. In light-duty propane vehicles, the fuel tank is typically mounted in the trunk; for medium- and heavy-duty vans and trucks, the tank is located under the body of the vehicle. Propane tanks add weight to a vehicle and can slightly increase the consumption of fuel. On a gallon-to-gallon basis, the energy content of propane is 73% that of gasoline, thus requiring more propane fuel to travel an equivalent distance, even in an optimized engine (EERE 2009b).

  17. Texas' Natural Lake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Texas A&M?s Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences, said the summary report synthesizes the ?state of knowl- edge? about the geography, hydrology, ecology and environmental impacts affecting Caddo Lake and Big Cypress Creek. At the second...; and heavy metals, including mercury found in the lignite coal used to power electricity-generating plants, are accumulating in fish tissues. Texas? Natural Lake tx H2O | pg. 2 Research to help restore environmental flows to Caddo Lake Scientists...

  18. QER- Comment of National Propane Gas Association

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Ladies and Gentlemen: Please find attached the QER comments of the National Propane Gas Association. Please feel to contact us if we can provide further information. Thank you for your attention to our submission.

  19. Knoxville Area Transit: Propane Hybrid Electric Trolleys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A 2-page fact sheet summarizing the evaluation done by the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity on the Knoxville Area Transit's use of propane hybrid electric trolleys.

  20. QER- Comment of Propane Education & Research Council

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    I plan to attend and ask a question of the Secretary regarding propane supply for the upcoming winter. Please do not hesitate to call or email if you have questions. Tucker Perkins

  1. Hydrogen Safety Issues Compared to Safety Issues with Methane and Propane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Michael A.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Issues with Methane and Propane Michael A. Green LawrenceSAFETY ISSUES WITH METHANE AND PROPANE M. A. Green Lawrencehydrogen. Methane and propane are commonly used by ordinary

  2. S/w Quality Assurance CAST-TX 1 Software Quality Assurance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian, Jeff

    (tian@engr.smu.edu) Southern Methodist University Dallas, Texas, USA Contents · Software Quality: Why Management Nov. 30, 2002 Prof. Jeff Tian, SMU #12;S/w Quality Assurance CAST-TX 2 Software Quality: Why/usage-based testing and relia- bility engineering measurement and risk management Nov. 30, 2002 Prof. Jeff Tian, SMU

  3. txH2O: Volume 4, Number 3 (Complete) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Water Resources Institute

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On the cover: The City of Kerrville stores excess water from the Guadalupe River in its Aquifer Storage and Recovery facility. Photo by Earl Nottingham, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. C. Allan Jones Message from the Director Working to Make Every...Life. TWRI is funded in part by the U.S. Geological Survey and authorized by the Water Resources Research Act. To subscribe to tx H2O or New Waves, TWRI?s monthly e-mail newsletter, visit http://twri.tamu.edu. 2 I Saving for dry days Aquifer storage...

  4. Propane Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document lists codes and standards typically used for U.S. propane vehicle and infrastructure projects.

  5. Correlation between homogeneous propane pyrolysis and pyrocarbon deposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Correlation between homogeneous propane pyrolysis and pyrocarbon deposition C´edric Descamps, G propane pyrolysis is studied in a 1-D hot-wall CVD furnace. The gas-phase pyrolysis is modelled in previous reports [6]: total pressure equal to 2 kPa, temperature between 900 K and 1400 K, and pure propane

  6. Study of the Low Temperature Oxidation of Propane Maximilien Cord

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Study of the Low Temperature Oxidation of Propane Maximilien Cord , Benoit Husson , Juan of China, Hefei, Anhui 230029, P. R. China Abstract The lowtemperature oxidation of propane oxidation of propane in the gas phase has been the subject of very few experimental studies, mainly

  7. Evolutionary History of a Specialized P450 Propane Monooxygenase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Frances H.

    Evolutionary History of a Specialized P450 Propane Monooxygenase Rudi Fasan1 , Yergalem T hydroxylase (P450BM3) to a laboratory-evolved P450 propane mono- oxygenase (P450PMO) having 20 heme domain substrate range and the emergence of propane activity. In contrast, refinement of the enzyme catalytic

  8. Portland Public School Children Move with Propane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This 2-page Clean Cities fact sheet describes the use of propane as a fuel source for Portland Public Schools' fleet of buses. It includes information on the history of the program, along with contact information for the local Clean Cities Coordinator and Portland Public Schools.

  9. US WSC TX Site Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    an average of 77 million Btu per year, about 14% less than the U.S. average. * Average electricity consumption per Texas home is 26% higher than the national average, but...

  10. Texas Propane Fleet Pilot Program | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic| DepartmentDepartment ofTankTest Site2009 DOETechnology Showcase

  11. Texas Propane Vehicle Pilot Project | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic| DepartmentDepartment ofTankTest Site2009 DOETechnology Showcase2

  12. Texas Propane Vehicle Pilot Project | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic| DepartmentDepartment ofTankTest Site2009 DOETechnology Showcase21

  13. FY 2010 Report on Customer Service Texas Transportation Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , processes and products to improve the state and nation's transportation systems. The Texas Department and to identify areas of improvement. On-site interviews were conducted at 36 TxDOT offices (25 TxDOT Districts for a sponsoring agency or organization, and who determine overall direction for their agency's or company

  14. Transcending the Hydro-Illogical Building a Texas Hydrologic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    Transcending the Hydro-Illogical Cycle Building a Texas Hydrologic Information System TX-HIS #12;Q to couple streamflow models to GCMs · We need to break the hydro-illogical cycle and plan for the delivery

  15. LIRIOMYZA LEAFMINERS, ASSOCITED PARASITOIDS AND INSECTICIDE EVALUATION IN SOUTH TEXAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernandez Moreno, Ricardo

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    . Field surveys were conducted on various pepper varieties in different cities of South Texas. Insecticide evaluation was carried out on field plots in Weslaco TX using the different insecticide treatments and water. To determine the insecticides? lethal...

  16. US WSC TX Site Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14TotalThe Outlook269,023Year69,023USWNC MO SiteWSC TX

  17. Course helps professionals develop watershed protection plans: Texas water resources professionals gather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Ric

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tx H2O | pg. 6 Story by Ric Jensen Course helps professionals develop watershed protection plans | pg. 6 tx H2O | pg. 7 W ater resources professionals wanting training on watershed protection plan development are benefiting from a course... Casebolt of Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board, Lucas Gregory of Texas Water Resources Institute, Vanessa Escobar of the Texas Water Development Board, and Ernest Moran of the San Antonio River Author- ity calculate load duration curves...

  18. Titan's Prolific Propane: The Cassini CIRS Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nixon, C A; Flaud, J -M; Bezard, B; Teanby, N A; Irwin, P G J; Ansty, T M; Coustenis, A; Vinatier, S; Flasar, F M; 10.1016/j.pss.2009.06.021

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we select large spectral averages of data from the Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) obtained in limb-viewing mode at low latitudes (30S--30N), greatly increasing the path length and hence signal-to-noise ratio for optically thin trace species such as propane. By modeling and subtracting the emissions of other gas species, we demonstrate that at least six infrared bands of propane are detected by CIRS, including two not previously identified in Titan spectra. Using a new line list for the range 1300-1400cm -1, along with an existing GEISA list, we retrieve propane abundances from two bands at 748 and 1376 cm-1. At 748 cm-1 we retrieve 4.2 +/- 0.5 x 10(-7) (1-sigma error) at 2 mbar, in good agreement with previous studies, although lack of hotbands in the present spectral atlas remains a problem. We also determine 5.7 +/- 0.8 x 10(-7) at 2 mbar from the 1376 cm-1 band - a value that is probably affected by systematic errors including continuum gradients due to haze and also an imperf...

  19. Texas Tech University Student Financial Aid & Scholarships 806-742-3144 | scholarships@ttu.edu | www.scholarships.ttu.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelfond, Michael

    @ttu.edu | www.scholarships.ttu.edu West Hall 205 | Lubbock, TX 79409 page 1 as of 9/13/13 TEXAS TECH SCHOLARSHIPCONTACT US Texas Tech University Student Financial Aid & Scholarships 806-742-3144 | scholarships:00pm Address Address for Overnight Mail Texas Tech University Texas Tech University Scholarship Office

  20. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1999 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  1. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    See footnotes at end of table. 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State 386 Energy Information...

  2. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1995 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  3. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1998 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  4. Microsoft Word - Joe Rose - Providence remarks.propane.JUR -...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    for propane consumers in acquiring adequate supply at affordable prices. Crop drying demand of 500% of last year's demand combined with heating demand of 20% above the...

  5. The environment of deposition of the Dalton Coal (Upper Pennsylvanian), Palo Pinto Co., TX.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lowenstein, Glenn Robert

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Alkane analysis for coal, overburden and underburden shales, and oil. 56 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Previous workers have classified coals by deter- mining whether they are al 1ochthnous (transported) or autochthonous (in situ) accumul ations (Oe...THE ENVIRONMENT OF DEPOSITION OF THE DALTON COAL (UPPER PENNSYI. VANIAN), PALO PINTO CO. , TX. A Thesis by GLENN ROBERT LOWENSTEIN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for tne...

  6. Kinetics and Mechanism of Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Propane on Vanadium, Molybdenum, and Tungsten Oxides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    Kinetics and Mechanism of Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Propane on Vanadium, Molybdenum catalysts confirmed that oxidative dehydrogenation of propane occurs via similar pathways, which involve for propane dehydrogenation and for propene combustion increase in the sequence VOx/ZrO2

  7. CONTRIBUTION A L'TUDE DES FLAMMES D'HYDROCARBURES. PROPANE ET ACTYLNE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    CONTRIBUTION A L'ÉTUDE DES FLAMMES D'HYDROCARBURES. PROPANE ET ACÉTYLÈNE Par MM. JEAN VAN DER POLL du propane et de l'acétylène qui ont montré que, dans certains cas, les flammes oxy-propane et oxy

  8. Effect of catalyst structure on oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane and propane on alumina-supported vanadia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Argyle, Morris D.; Chen, Kaidong; Bell, Alexis T.; Iglesia, Enrique

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    catalysts: (a) ethane ODH, (b) propane ODH (663 K, 14 kPa CDehydrogenation of Ethane and Propane on Alumina-Supporteddehydrogenation of ethane and propane. UV-visible and Raman

  9. Liquid Propane Injection Applications | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetterEconomy and EmissionsDepartment of EnergyLiquid propane

  10. Residential propane price decreases slightly decreases slightly

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heating oil pricepropane price05, 2014propane price7,

  11. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative Fuels CleanReduceNewPropane Printable Version Share this

  12. CX-100 and TX-100 blade field tests.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holman, Adam (USDA-Agriculture Research Service, Bushland, TX); Jones, Perry L.; Zayas, Jose R.

    2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In support of the DOE Low Wind Speed Turbine (LWST) program two of the three Micon 65/13M wind turbines at the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) center in Bushland, Texas will be used to test two sets of experimental blades, the CX-100 and TX-100. The blade aerodynamic and structural characterization, meteorological inflow and wind turbine structural response will be monitored with an array of 75 instruments: 33 to characterize the blades, 15 to characterize the inflow, and 27 to characterize the time-varying state of the turbine. For both tests, data will be sampled at a rate of 30 Hz using the ATLAS II (Accurate GPS Time-Linked Data Acquisition System) data acquisition system. The system features a time-synchronized continuous data stream and telemetered data from the turbine rotor. This paper documents the instruments and infrastructure that have been developed to monitor these blades, turbines and inflow.

  13. National propane safety week caps fifth anniversary of GAS Check

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prowler, S.

    1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on National Propane Safety Week. The publicity encompassed everything from preventative maintenance to safe winter storage of cylinders. This campaign focused much of its attention on GAS (gas appliance system) Check, the propane industry's most well-known safety program.

  14. Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center at Lubbock 1102 E FM 1294

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    and extension scientists to conduct work on sandy soils in West Texas. We completed our third year on the 20-i- Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center at Lubbock 1102 E FM 1294 Lubbock, TX 79403 on behalf of our Texas A&M agencies. The overall mission of AG-CARES is to develop cotton-based cropping

  15. OCCURRENCE OF THE RIVER SHINER, NOTROPIS BLENNIUS, IN LAKE MEREDITH, TEXAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aspbury, Andrea S. - Department of Biology, Texas State University

    , Earth and Environmental Sciences, West Texas A&M University, Canyon, TX 79106 (GMT) Present address location. The spec- imen was deposited in the West Texas A&M University Museum (WTAMU 28307). Lake MeredithOCCURRENCE OF THE RIVER SHINER, NOTROPIS BLENNIUS, IN LAKE MEREDITH, TEXAS MICHAEL PATRIKEEV

  16. Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center at Lubbock 1102 E FM 1294

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    on sandy soils in West Texas. We completed our fourth year on the 20 acres of subsurface drip irrigation#12;Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center at Lubbock 1102 E FM 1294 Lubbock, TX 79403-6603 AG-CARES continue to showcase the ongoing cooperative efforts of Lamesa Cotton Growers and our Texas

  17. Safety evaluation for packaging (onsite) nitrogen trailers propane tanks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferrell, P.C.

    1998-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the Safety Evaluation for Packaging (SEP) is the evaluation and authorization of the onsite transport of propane tanks that are mounted on the Lockheed Martin Hanford Corporation Characterization Project`s nitrogen trailers. This SEP authorizes onsite transport of the nitrogen trailers, including the propane tanks, until May 31, 1998. The three nitrogen trailers (HO-64-4966, HO-64-4968, and HO-64-5170) are rated for 1,361 kg (30,000 lb) and are equipped with tandem axles and pintel hitches. Permanently mounted on each trailer is a 5,678 L (1,500 gal) cryogenic dewar that is filled with nitrogen, and a propane fired water bath vaporizer system, and a 454 L (1 20 gal) propane tank. The nitrogen trailer system is operated only when it is disconnected from the tow vehicle and is leveled and stabilized. When the trailers are transported, the propane tanks are isolated via closed supply valves.

  18. Center for Transportation Research University of Texas at Austin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Center for Transportation Research University of Texas at Austin C. Michael Walton, Ph.D., P for Transportation Research University of Texas at Austin Austin, TX 78701 cmwalton@mail.utexas.edu (512) 471 pursued a career in transport systems engineering and policy analysis. Dr. Walton is a member

  19. Can propane school buses save money and provide other benefits...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Can propane school buses save money and provide other benefits? October 1, 2014 Tweet EmailPrint School districts across the country are looking for ways to save money and be more...

  20. VEE-0040- In the Matter of Western Star Propane, Inc.

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On February 18, 1997, Western Star Propane, Inc. (Western) filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its application,...

  1. VEE-0060- In the Matter of Blakeman Propane, Inc.

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On May 11, 1999, Blakeman Propane, Inc. (Blakeman) of Moorcroft, Wyoming, filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its...

  2. Residential home heating oil and propane survey, 1991--1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains pricing and consumption data on heating oils and propane for the Maine residential sector during the heating season 1991--1992. The information was gathered by survey. (VC)

  3. Environmental contaminants in prey and tissues of the peregrine falcon in the Big Bend Region, Texas, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mora, Miguel A.

    reserved. Keywords: DDE; Mercury; Selenium; Peregrine falcon; West Texas 1. Introduction The peregrine, Texas, USA M. Moraa, *, R. Skilesb , B. McKinneyc , M. Paredesb , D. Bucklerd , D. Papouliasd , D Sciences, Texas A&M University, 2258 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-2258, USA b National Park Service, Big

  4. Dynamics of Propane in Silica Mesopores Formed upon Propylene Hydrogenation over Pt Nanoparticles by Time-Resolved FT-IR Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waslylenko, Walter; Frei, Heinz

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A steady state distribution of propane between gas andK). A steady state distribution of propane between gas phasesteady state distribution between propane inside and outside

  5. List of East Texas Forestry Vendors This list of forestry vendors that offer services in East Texas is divided into four groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behmer, Spencer T.

    List of East Texas Forestry Vendors This list of forestry vendors that offer services in East Texas. It is provided as a service to landowners seeking assistance with forestry practices on their land. Forestland@earthlink.net www.superiorwaterfront.com MO, MW Acorn Forestry Justin Penick P. O. Box 151537 Lufkin, TX 759151537

  6. Selective dehydrogenation of propane over novel catalytic materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sault, A.G.; Boespflug, E.P.; Martino, A.; Kawola, J.S.

    1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The conversion of small alkanes into alkenes represents an important chemical processing area; ethylene and propylene are the two most important organic chemicals manufactured in the U.S. These chemicals are currently manufactured by steam cracking of ethane and propane, an extremely energy intensive, nonselective process. The development of catalytic technologies (e.g., selective dehydrogenation) that can be used to produce ethylene and propylene from ethane and propane with greater selectivity and lower energy consumption than steam cracking will have a major impact on the chemical processing industry. This report details a study of two novel catalytic materials for the selective dehydrogenation of propane: Cr supported on hydrous titanium oxide ion-exchangers, and Pt nanoparticles encapsulated in silica and alumina aerogel and xerogel matrices.

  7. Experimental studies of steam-propane injection for the Duri intermediate crude oil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hendroyono, Arief

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Laboratory experimental studies were carried out to better understand production mechanisms involved in steam-propane injection and to investigate effects of expected field pressure and temperature conditions on steam-propane injection...

  8. Emissions from In-Use NG, Propane, and Diesel Fueled Heavy Duty...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    In-Use NG, Propane, and Diesel Fueled Heavy Duty Vehicles Emissions from In-Use NG, Propane, and Diesel Fueled Heavy Duty Vehicles Emissions tests of in-use heavy-duty vehicles...

  9. Consequences of propene and propane on plasma remediation of NOx Rajesh Doraia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kushner, Mark

    Consequences of propene and propane on plasma remediation of NOx Rajesh Doraia) Department exhausts with hydrocarbons propane (C3H8) and propene (C3H6) has been investigated. In general

  10. Author's personal copy Unified behaviour of maximum soot yields of methane, ethane and propane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gülder, Ömer L.

    Author's personal copy Unified behaviour of maximum soot yields of methane, ethane and propane the current study and the previous measurements in similar flames with methane, ethane, and propane flames

  11. Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks for Kinetic Separation of Propane and David H. Olson,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jing

    Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks for Kinetic Separation of Propane and Propene Kunhao Li, David H the first examples of MMOFs that are capable of kinetic separation of propane and propene (propylene), which

  12. Experimental studies of steam-propane injection for the Duri intermediate crude oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hendroyono, Arief

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Laboratory experimental studies were carried out to better understand production mechanisms involved in steam-propane injection and to investigate effects of expected field pressure and temperature conditions on steam-propane injection...

  13. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative Fuels CleanReduceNew HampshirePropaneOrleans Propane

  14. Energy balance and water use in a subtropical karst woodland on the Edwards Plateau, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwinning, Susan - Department of Biology, Texas State University

    Energy balance and water use in a subtropical karst woodland on the Edwards Plateau, Texas J and Crop Sciences, Texas A&M University, 2474 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-2474, United States b Natural Resources Conservation Service, 625 Miramontes St., Suite 103, Half Moon Bay, CA 94019-1925, United States c

  15. Volatile organic acids and microbial processes in the Yegua formation, east-central Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossman, Ethan L.

    and Geophysics, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843, USA b Institute for Energy and the EnvironmentVolatile organic acids and microbial processes in the Yegua formation, east-central Texas Joyanto production of VOAs by microorganisms in mudstones, and net consumption of VOAs by SO4 reducing bacteria (SRB

  16. Propane Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Chart (Revised) (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This chart shows the SDOs responsible for leading the support and development of key codes and standards for propane.

  17. Novel Pt/Mg(In)(Al)O catalysts for ethane and propane dehydrogenation Pingping Sun a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    Novel Pt/Mg(In)(Al)O catalysts for ethane and propane dehydrogenation Pingping Sun a , Georges and propane dehydrogenation reactions are strongly dependent on the bulk In/Pt ratio. For both reactants to alkene was nearly 100%. Coke deposition was observed after catalyst use for either ethane or propane

  18. A KINETIC STUDY OF AEROBIC PROPANE UPTAKE AND COMETABOLIC DEGRADATION OF CHLOROFORM,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Semprini, Lewis

    A KINETIC STUDY OF AEROBIC PROPANE UPTAKE AND COMETABOLIC DEGRADATION OF CHLOROFORM, CIS the behavior of different consortiums of aerobic propane-utilizing microorganisms, with respect to both the lag time for growth after exposure to propane, and their ability to transform three chlorinated aliphatic

  19. Isotopic Tracer Studies of Reaction Pathways for Propane Oxidative Dehydrogenation on Molybdenum Oxide Catalysts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    Isotopic Tracer Studies of Reaction Pathways for Propane Oxidative Dehydrogenation on Molybdenum of propane over ZrO2-supported MoOx catalysts. Competitive reactions of C3H6 and CH3 13 CH2CH3 showed combustion of propene, or by direct combustion of propane. A mixture of C3H8 and C3D8 undergoes oxidative

  20. Molecular Properties of the "Ideal" Inhaled Anesthetic: Studies of Fluorinated Methanes, Ethanes, Propanes,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hudlicky, Tomas

    , Propanes, and Butanes E. 1Eger, 11, MD*, J. Liu, MD*, D. D. Koblin, PhD, MDt, M. J. Laster, DVM*, S. Taheri unfluorinated, partially fluorinated, and perfluorinated methanes, ethanes, propanes, and butanes to define fluorinated methanes, ethanes, propanes, and butanes, also obtaining limited data on longer- chained alkanes

  1. Functional Characterization of Propane-Enhanced N-Nitrosodimethylamine Degradation by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    ARTICLE Functional Characterization of Propane-Enhanced N-Nitrosodimethylamine Degradation by Two: Propane-induced cometabolic degradation of n-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) by two propanotrophs is characterized through kinetic, gene presence, and expression studies. After growth on propane, resting cells

  2. Ceramic microreactors for on-site hydrogen production from high temperature steam reforming of propane{

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenis, Paul J. A.

    of propane{ Christian, Michael Mitchell and Paul J. A. Kenis* Received 31st May 2006, Accepted 10th August of propane into hydrogen at temperatures between 800 and 1000 uC. We characterized these microreactors. Kinetic analysis using a power law model showed reaction orders of 0.50 and 20.23 with respect to propane

  3. Fourier transform microwave spectrum of the propane-water complex: A prototypical water-hydrophobe system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ronald C.

    Fourier transform microwave spectrum of the propane-water complex: A prototypical water) The Fourier transform microwave spectrum of the propane-water complex (C3H,-H,O) has been observed and analyzed. This spectrum includes transitions assigned to propane complexed with both the ortho and para

  4. Improved Product-Per-Glucose Yields in P450-Dependent Propane Biotransformations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Frances H.

    ARTICLE Improved Product-Per-Glucose Yields in P450-Dependent Propane Biotransformations Using propane monooxygenase prepared by directed evolu- tion [P450PMOR2; Fasan et al. (2007); Angew Chem Int Ed of the energy source (glucose) in the propane biotransformation com- pared to the native E. coli strain. Using

  5. Catalytic Properties of Supported MoO3 Catalysts for Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Propane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    Catalytic Properties of Supported MoO3 Catalysts for Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Propane Kaidong The effects of MoOx structure on propane oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) rates and selectivity were examined with those obtained on MoOx/ZrO2. On MoOx/Al2O3 catalysts, propane turnover rate increased with increasing Mo

  6. High propylene/propane adsorption selectivity in a copper(catecholate)-decorated porous organic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    High propylene/propane adsorption selectivity in a copper(catecholate)-decorated porous organic and propane isotherms measured at ambient temperatures and ideal adsorption solution theory (IAST) calculations revealed increasing propylene/propane selectivities with increasing pressures. The eld of highly

  7. Layering and orientational ordering of propane on graphite: An experimental and simulation study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borguet, Eric

    Layering and orientational ordering of propane on graphite: An experimental and simulation study 2002; accepted 30 July 2002 We report the results of an experimental and theoretical study of propane and experiments show that propane adsorbs in a layer-by-layer fashion and exhibits continuous growth beyond

  8. Selective adsorption of ethylene over ethane and propylene over propane in the metalorganic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selective adsorption of ethylene over ethane and propylene over propane in the metal in the energy costs associated with the cryogenic separation of ethylene­ethane and propylene­propane mixtures adsorption data for ethylene, ethane, propylene, and propane at 45, 60, and 80 C for the entire series

  9. Novel Methane, Ethane, and Propane Oxidizing Bacteria at Marine Hydrocarbon Seeps Identified by Stable Isotope Probing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sessions, Alex L.

    Novel Methane, Ethane, and Propane Oxidizing Bacteria at Marine Hydrocarbon Seeps Identified by Stable Isotope Probing Running Title: Novel Methane, Ethane, and Propane Oxidizing Bacteria Section incubating sediment with 13 C-labeled methane, ethane, or propane, we5 confirmed the incorporation of 13 C

  10. Experimental Study of Propane-Fueled Pulsed Detonation Rocket Frank K. Lu,* Jason M. Meyers,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Arlington, University of

    1 Experimental Study of Propane-Fueled Pulsed Detonation Rocket Frank K. Lu,* Jason M. Meyers in comparison to cases without the spiral. Tests through a range of cycle frequencies up to 20 Hz in oxygen-propane spiral in a pulsed detonation engine operating with propane and oxygen. A high-energy igniter is used

  11. Structural and dynamic properties of propane coordinated to TpRh(CNR) from a confrontation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, William D.

    Structural and dynamic properties of propane coordinated to TpRh(CNR) from a confrontation between] in interaction with propane. Two complexes have been found as minima coordinated through either a methyl the methylene complex of propane into a methyl complex of pro- pane. This latter reaction has a much lower

  12. Ionization Spectroscopy of Conformational Isomers of Propanal: The Origin of the Conformational Preference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Sang Kyu

    Ionization Spectroscopy of Conformational Isomers of Propanal: The Origin of the Conformational conformational isomers of propanal, cis and gauche, are investigated by the vacuum-UV mass- analyzed thresholdV and 9.9516 ( 0.0006 eV, respectively. cis-Propanal, which is the more stable conformer in the neutral

  13. PROPANE -C3H8 MSDS (Document # 001045) PAGE 1 OF 8 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Kyu Yong

    PROPANE - C3H8 MSDS (Document # 001045) PAGE 1 OF 8 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET Prepared to U in an emergency? 1. PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION CHEMICAL NAME; CLASS: PROPANE - C3H8 Document Number: 001045 PRODUCT IN AIR ACGIH OSHA TLV STEL PEL STEL IDLH OTHER ppm ppm ppm ppm ppm Propane 74-98-6 > 96.0 Simple

  14. Coleman Two Burner Stove The Coleman Matchlight 2-Burner Propane Stove is especially designed for outdoor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    Coleman Two Burner Stove The Coleman Matchlight 2-Burner Propane Stove is especially designed-burner propane stove has a high-pressure regulator that ensures a constant flame regardless of weather propane stove has a removable nickel-chrome-plated grate that makes for easy cleaning. The aluminized

  15. Absorption du rayonnement 12 et 8 millimtres par les vapeurs de propane sous pression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Absorption du rayonnement 12 et 8 millimètres par les vapeurs de propane sous pression A. Battaglia des pertes diélectriques (03B5") présentées par le propane gazeux aux fréquences de 24 et 36 GHz, à la Birnbaum. Abstract. 2014 Experimental study of dielectric losses (03B5") presented by gaseous propane

  16. Dehydrogenation of Propane to Propylene over Supported Model NiAu Catalysts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Wayne

    Dehydrogenation of Propane to Propylene over Supported Model Ni­Au Catalysts Zhen Yan · Yunxi Yao 2012 Ó Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012 Abstract Hydrogenolysis and dehydrogenation of propane. For the conversionofpropane in the presence of hydrogen, the dehydrogenation of propane to propylene was observed onthe Ni

  17. Establishing Mobility Investment Priorities Under TxDOT Rider 42

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sunkari, Juliet Vallejo, Kelly West, Shanna Yates and Michelle Young Texas Department of Transportation Report Prepared for Texas Transportation Commission And 83rd Texas Legislature Presented to the Texas Transportation Commission May 2012 Prepared by: Texas A&M Transportation Institute The Texas A&M University

  18. Zeolitic imidazolate frameworks for kinetic separation of propane and propene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Jing; Li, Kunhao; Olson, David H.

    2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks (ZIFs) characterized by organic ligands consisting of imidazole ligands that are either essentially all 2-chloroimidazole ligands or essentially all 2-bromoimidazole ligands are disclosed. Methods for separating propane and propene with the ZIFs of the present invention, as well as other ZIFs, are also disclosed.

  19. Economic and Financial Methodology for South Texas Irrigation Projects – RGIDECON©

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rister, M. Edward; Rogers, Callie S.; Lacewell, Ronald; Robinson, John; Ellis, John; Sturdivant, Allen

    agencies; Debbie Helstrom, Jeff Walker, and Nick Palacios. These engineers with the Texas Water Development Board (TWDB) have provided valuable feedback on the methodology and data as well as insights on accommodating the requirements... and Financial Methodology August 2009 page 18 of 29 Helstrom, Debbie. Project Engineer, Texas Water Development Board, Austin, TX. Personal communications, Spring - Summer 2002. Infoplease.com. "Conversion Factors." ? 2002 Family Education Network. http...

  20. South Texas Planning Region Public Transportation Coordination Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Texas Development Council Economic Development Program

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    KFH GROUP, INC. SOUTH TEXAS PLANNING REGION PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION COORDINATION PLAN Developed for the: SOUTH TEXAS DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM By: KFH Group, Incorporated December... that will permit increased levels of service; and 3. To further the state?s efforts to reduce air pollution? (HB3588, Article 13, Chapter 461, Section 461.001). In 2005, the TxDOT Draft Strategic Plan called for the development of regional public transportation...

  1. CleanTX Foundation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationin UrbanCity ofCityClean Economy Network JumpCleanCleanFUELCleanTX

  2. Experimental comparison of hot water/propane injection to steam/propane injection for recovery of heavy oil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nesse, Thomas

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    , attempts have been made to inject hot water instead of steam. The results have all been rather poor, the major problem being low sweep efficiency. The hot water just doesn?t enhance oil recovery enough. Adding propane to the steam injected in the reservoir...

  3. Experimental comparison of hot water/propane injection to steam/propane injection for recovery of heavy oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nesse, Thomas

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    , attempts have been made to inject hot water instead of steam. The results have all been rather poor, the major problem being low sweep efficiency. The hot water just doesn?t enhance oil recovery enough. Adding propane to the steam injected in the reservoir...

  4. Texas Capital Fund (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Texas Capital Fund is designed to promote growth in rural non-entitlement areas, generally defined as cities with less than 50,000 residents or counties with less than 200,000 residents....

  5. Effect of a current polarisation on BIMEVOX membranes for oxidation of propane in a Catalytic Dense Membrane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Effect of a current polarisation on BIMEVOX membranes for oxidation of propane in a Catalytic Dense of propane under OCV and under electrical bias. The propane conversion remained constantly equal to 12 by partial oxidation and oxidative dehydrogenation of propane, respectively. An anodic polarisation led

  6. Isotopic Tracer Studies of Propane Reactions on H-ZSM5 Zeolite Joseph A. Biscardi and Enrique Iglesia*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    Isotopic Tracer Studies of Propane Reactions on H-ZSM5 Zeolite Joseph A. Biscardi and Enrique unlabeled products from mixtures of propene and propane-2-13C reactants. Aromatic products of propane-2-13C-Parmer) that allowed differential reactor operation (propane reactions were

  7. Drought detective: Texas A&M professor works to develop drought prediction system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Courtney

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fall 2011 tx H2O 23 Story by Courtney Smith ] Timeline of Droughts in Texas Texas Legislature passes Senate Bill 1, which creates 16 regional water planning groups and requires that TWDB publish a comprehensive state water plan every... five years. Drought Preparedness Council established by the 76th Texas Legislature. Drought causes greater economic losses to agriculture than any previously recorded one-year drought. 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Dr...

  8. Water Rules: In Texas, conservation increasingly the law of the land

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Story by Kathy Wythe Fall 2013 txH2O 9 Photo by Leslie Lee, Texas Water Resources Institute.water rules In Texas, conservation increasingly the law of the land ] Thanks to changes in Texas laws and city ordinances and rebates, state... and local policies are catching up with water conservation practices, saving homeowners? water and money. Today these laws, ordinances and rebates promote outdoor landscape conservation through activities such as encouraging xeriscaping, o#17;ering...

  9. Control of Volunteer Annual Sunflower Texas Agricultural Experiment Station -2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    Control of Volunteer Annual Sunflower Texas Agricultural Experiment Station - 2000 Brent Bean panhandle which require less water and less nitrogen to produce. As many corn fields will inevitably Center Amarillo, TX, E-mail: b-bean@tamu.edu and m-rowland #12;Table 1. Percent Volunteer Sunflower

  10. A professional internship with Texas Breeders Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKemie, Jack Furman

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and testing procedures are used to determine quality and evaluation of the final product. TEXAS BREEDERS SERVICE INC. offers Contract AI Programs for the commercial breeder to help select and locate semen from performance tested buQa to enhance marketing... House" donor management services are available. TEXAS BREKDERS SERVICE INC. assists clients in Marketing Genetics in both domestic and foreign markets. EXAS BREEDERS SERVICE INC P. O. Box l635 San Marcos, TX 78667 5 l 2-357-6 l 62 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...

  11. Agricultural Grassland, Soil and Water Research Laboratory, Temple, TX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agricultural Research Service Grassland, Soil and Water Research Laboratory, Temple, TX Monitoring, Modeling and Decision-Making Daren Harmel USDA-ARS, Temple, TX #12;Agricultural Research Service Grassland monitoring, modeling, and decision- making #12;Agricultural Research Service Grassland, Soil and Water

  12. Agricultural Grassland, Soil and Water Research Laboratory, Temple, TX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agricultural Research Service Grassland, Soil and Water Research Laboratory, Temple, TX Monitoring, Modeling and Decision-Making Daren Harmel USDA-ARS, Temple, TX Agricultural Research Service Grassland monitoring, modeling, and decision- making (if time and interest!!) Agricultural Research Service Grassland

  13. NCSEC'07 Plano, TX Risk-Based Quantifiable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian, Jeff

    NCSEC'07 Plano, TX Risk-Based Quantifiable Quality Improvement Jeff Tian (tian@engr.smu Risk · Quality for Customers/Users · Quality for Software Organizations March 30, 2007 Jeff Tian, SMU 2800 1536 1 883 737 5396 2583 45 37 9 March 30, 2007 Jeff Tian, SMU #12;NCSEC'07, Plano, TX Slide. 3

  14. Hanford Single Shell Tank Leak Causes and Locations - 241-TX Farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Girardot, C. L.; Harlow, D> G.

    2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This document identifies 241-TX Tank Farm (TX Farm) leak causes and locations for the 100 series leaking tanks (241-TX-107 and 241-TX-114) identified in RPP-RPT-50870, Rev. 0, Hanford 241-TX Farm Leak Inventory Assessment Report. This document satisfies the TX Farm portion of the target (T04) in the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order milestone M-045-91F.

  15. Audit Costs for the 1986 Texas Energy Cost Containment Program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffington, W. M.; Lum, S. K.; Bauer, V. A.; Turner, W. D.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Audit Costs for the 1986 Texas Energy Cost Containment Program W. M. Heffington, S. K. Lum, V. A. Bauer and W. D. Turner Energy Sys tems Group Mechanical Engineering Department Texas ALM University College Station, TX Direct program costs... Science Park of the University of Texas System Cancer Center is treated as one building as it was bv the audit- ing contractor. General Land Office records differ. by more than a factor of four on an area basi,s (Table 4). Figure 1 is a plot...

  16. Trickle irrigation in the Trans-Pecos area of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doak, Louis E

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LETTER OF TRANSNITTAL Louis Doak Agricultural Engineer P. O. Box 1041 College Station, TX 77841 !409) 823-2758 This paper represents part of the work th conducted at the Texas Agricultural Experiment Paces. This study in no way xs meant..., as in Israel. the future of row crop production will be in the use c f trickle irrigation technology. u's Doak TRICKLE IRRIGATION IN THE TRANS-PECOS AREA OF TEXAS A PROFESSIONAL PAPER LOUIS E. DOAK Submitted to the College of Agriculture of Texas A...

  17. Experimental study on transmission of an overdriven detonation wave from propane/oxygen to propane/air

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, J.; Lai, W.H. [National Cheng Kung University, Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Tainan (China); Chung, K. [National Cheng Kung University, Aerospace Science and Technology Research Center, Tainan (China); Lu, F.K. [University of Texas at Arlington, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, Aerodynamics Research Center, TX 76019 (United States)

    2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Two sets of experiments were performed to achieve a strong overdriven state in a weaker mixture by propagating an overdriven detonation wave via a deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT) process. First, preliminary experiments with a propane/oxygen mixture were used to evaluate the attenuation of the overdriven detonation wave in the DDT process. Next, experiments were performed wherein a propane/oxygen mixture was separated from a propane/air mixture by a thin diaphragm to observe the transmission of an overdriven detonation wave. Based on the characteristic relations, a simple wave intersection model was used to calculate the state of the transmitted detonation wave. The results showed that a rarefaction effect must be included to ensure that there is no overestimate of the post-transmission wave properties when the incident detonation wave is overdriven. The strength of the incident overdriven detonation wave plays an important role in the wave transmission process. The experimental results showed that a transmitted overdriven detonation wave occurs instantaneously with a strong incident overdriven detonation wave. The near-CJ state of the incident wave leads to a transmitted shock wave, and then the transition to the overdriven detonation wave occurs downstream. The attenuation process for the overdriven detonation wave decaying to a near-CJ state occurs in all tests. After the attenuation process, an unstable detonation wave was observed in most tests. This may be attributed to the increase in the cell width in the attenuation process that exceeds the detonability cell width limit. (author)

  18. Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Marketing Annual 1999 421 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

  19. Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1995 467 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

  20. Table 14. U.S. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and EIA-782B, "Resellers'Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report." 14. U.S. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type 28 Energy Information Administration ...

  1. Microsoft PowerPoint - Joe Rose.Providence.Propane Supply Infrastruct...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    from the Gulf Coast. * Growth in Canadian demand for diluent (Pentanes+) demand for the oil sands industry. American Shale Production In 2013, U.S. Propane Production Increased...

  2. Dynamics of Propane in Silica Mesopores Formed upon Propylene Hydrogenation over Pt Nanoparticles by Time-Resolved FT-IR Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waslylenko, Walter; Frei, Heinz

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    state distribution of propane between gas and mesopore phaseWavenumber (cm ) B Gas Phase Propane 2968 cm k 1 = 3.1 ± 0.4slices showing the gas phase propane component at 216, 648,

  3. On the cutting edge: Director shares vision for center’s role in addressing Texas water problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    &M Engineering Experiment Station and Texas A&M University?San Antonio. It is administered by the Texas Water Resources Institute (TWRI) and Texas Center for Applied Technology (TCAT). txH#31;O talked with Dr. Calvin Finch, the center?s director, to #25;nd... is the Southmost Regional Water Authority Regional Desalination Plant near Brownsville. Photo by Danielle Kalisek. The Texas A&M University System?s Water Conservation and Technology Center was created to be on the cu#26;ing edge of helping Texas solve...

  4. Propane cold neutron source: creation and operation experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zemlyanov, M. G.

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In most cold neutron sources, utilized until recently, liquid hydrogen, liquid deuterium and their mixtures were used as a moderating medium. The sources with the liquid hydrogen moderator offer the most specific effectiveness of cold neutron generation. But they are complicated in design, require special safety measures in the course of operation and are very expensive. In this connection, it is of undoubted interest to create a source which, although it yields the specific generation of cold neutrons comparable to the liquid hydrogen one, is safer in operation and simple in design. We assume such a source may be one which uses as a moderator liquid propane cooled to liquid nitrogen temperature.

  5. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Converts Vehicles to Propane,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative Fuels CleanReduce OperatingPropane in OhioReducing

  6. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative Fuels CleanReduceNew HampshirePropane Buses Shuttle

  7. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative Fuels CleanReduceNew HampshirePropane Buses

  8. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative Fuels CleanReduceNew HampshirePropane BusesStation

  9. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative Fuels CleanReduceNew HampshirePropane

  10. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Fleets Across the Nation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative Fuels CleanReduceNew HampshirePropaneOrleans

  11. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane School Buses Launched in Gloucester

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative Fuels CleanReduceNewPropane Printable Version Share

  12. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative Fuels CleanReduceNewPropane Printable Version

  13. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vans Keep Kansas City Transportation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative Fuels CleanReduceNewPropane Printable VersionCompany

  14. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative Fuels CleanReduceNewPropane PrintableTools

  15. Evolution of Meteorological Base Models for Estimating Hourly Global Solar Radiation in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.S

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Estimating Hourly Global Solar Radiation in Texas Kee Han Kima,b*, Juan-Carlos Baltazarb, and Jeff S. Haberla,b aDepartment of Architecture, Texas A&M University, 3137 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-3137, U.S.A. bEnergy Systems Laboratory, Texas A... for measured solar radiation data and, as a result, rely on the values from typical meteorological years. Texas, in a similar fashion as other states in the US, does not have an active network for solar radiation data and has a variety of weather conditions...

  16. Final report of the Rhode Island State Energy Office on residential no. 2 heating oil and propane prices [SHOPP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McClanahan, Janice

    2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summary report on residential No.2 heating oil and propane prepared under grant. Summarizes the monitoring and analysis of heating oil and propane prices from October 2000 through March 2001.

  17. Experimental studies of steam-propane and enriched gas injection for the Minas light crude oil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yudishtira, Wan Dedi

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Experimental studies were carried out to compare the benefits of propane as an additive in steam injection and in lean gas injection to enhance production for the Minas light crude oil (34?API). The studies on steam-propane were specifically...

  18. Experimental studies of steam-propane and enriched gas injection for the Minas light crude oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yudishtira, Wan Dedi

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Experimental studies were carried out to compare the benefits of propane as an additive in steam injection and in lean gas injection to enhance production for the Minas light crude oil (34?API). The studies on steam-propane were specifically...

  19. 9118 J. Am. Chem. SOC.1992, 114, 9118-9122 Propane Buwe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlegel, H. Bernhard

    9118 J. Am. Chem. SOC.1992, 114, 9118-9122 Scheme 111 Propane Buwe X =CHI and Y = H lossofH2 Z = H-82-8; ethane, 74- 84-0; propane, 74-98-6;butane, 106-97-8. (28) The heats of formation for C3H2are the scaled

  20. State heating oil and propane program, 1994--1995 heating season. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Propane prices and No. 2 fuel prices during the 1994-1995 heating season are tabulated for the state of Ohio. Nineteen companies were included in the telephone survey of propane prices, and twenty two companies for the fuel oil prices. A bar graph is also presented for average residential prices of No. 2 heating oil.

  1. Intergrated Nox Emissions Reductions from Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Programs across State Agencies in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.; Yazdani, B.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Landfill Gas McCommas Bluff Landfill, Dallas, TX Biomass Aspen Power Biomass Plant, Lufkin, TX Ground Source Heat Pump Geothermal SAVINGS FROM RENEWABLES Wind Green Mountain Energy Wind Farm, Fluvanna, Texas p. 12 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE FOR ENHANCED... Renewables: Biomass, Hydro, Landfill Gas, Solar, Wind Wind energy is the largest portion Solar has considerable increased over 2013 Biomass Solar Landfill Hydro Excluding Wind Steady in Landfill over 2013 Considerable decreased in hydro over 2013 Also...

  2. Syngas Production from Propane Using Atmospheric Non-thermal Plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouni, Fakhreddine; Cormier, Jean Marie; 10.1007/s11090-009-9166-2

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Propane steam reforming using a sliding discharge reactor was investigated under atmospheric pressure and low temperature (420 K). Non-thermal plasma steam reforming proceeded efficiently and hydrogen was formed as a main product (H2 concentration up to 50%). By-products (C2-hydrocarbons, methane, carbon dioxide) were measured with concentrations lower than 6%. The mean electrical power injected in the discharge is less than 2 kW. The process efficiency is described in terms of propane conversion rate, steam reforming and cracking selectivity, as well as by-products production. Chemical processes modelling based on classical thermodynamic equilibrium reactor is also proposed. Calculated data fit quiet well experimental results and indicate that the improvement of C3H8 conversion and then H2 production can be achieved by increasing the gas fraction through the discharge. By improving the reactor design, the non-thermal plasma has a potential for being an effective way for supplying hydrogen or synthesis gas.

  3. Investigation of the flame speeds of propane/methanol gas mixtures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foote, K.L.; Villareal, J.

    1985-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A series of tests was conducted in an acoustically tuned flame tube in order to determine the laminar burning velocities in air of various propane/methanol gas mixtures. The experimental method is explained in detail, along with the tabular results. A 90% propane, 10% methanol mixture is shown to have a maximum burning velocity of 40.8 cm/s. A 65% propane, 35% methanol mixture has a maximum velocity of 41.8 cm/s. These maximum flame speeds are shown to be about the same as that of pure propane by the same method. Gulder has found evidence that the presence of methanol in some hydrocarbon fuels may actually inhibit combustion, but we see no apparent modifications in the combustion of propane when mixed with methanol.

  4. Timing the Last Irrigation Using COTMAN in a LEPA Irrigation System at AG-CARES, Lamesa, Tommy Doederlein, Texas Cooperative Extension, Lamesa, Texas, Brant Baugh, Randy Boman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    TITLE: Timing the Last Irrigation Using COTMAN in a LEPA Irrigation System at AG-CARES, Lamesa, TX past cutout in a LEPA irrigation system. AG-CARES Farm, Lamesa, Texas. 2003. Target HU Accumulation with four replications Plot size: 8 rows by 180 feet Planting Date: May 8 Variety: PM2628RR Irrigation: LEPA

  5. Far-infrared laser vibration-rotation-tunneling spectroscopy of the propane-water compkx: Torsional dynamics of the hydrogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ronald C.

    Far-infrared laser vibration-rotation-tunneling spectroscopy of the propane-water compkx: Torsional 1993) The far-infrared laservibration-rotation-tunneling (FIR-VRT) spectrumof the propane-water complex calculations. In the present paper and in its counterpart,13we present our results for the water-propane

  6. Non-oxidative reactions of propane on Zn/Na-ZSM5 Joseph A. Biscardi and Enrique Iglesia*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    Non-oxidative reactions of propane on Zn/Na-ZSM5 Joseph A. Biscardi and Enrique Iglesia* Department rates during propane conversion at 773 K on Zn/Na-ZSM5 are about ten times higher than on Zn/H-ZSM5 catalysts with similar Zn content. The total rate of propane conversion is also higher on Zn/Na-ZSM5

  7. J. Am. Chem. SOC.1988, 110, 8305-8319 8305 Hydrogenolysis of Ethane, Propane, n-Butane, and Neopentane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Wayne

    J. Am. Chem. SOC.1988, 110, 8305-8319 8305 Hydrogenolysis of Ethane, Propane, n, Pasadena, California 91125. Received February I, 1988 Abstract: The hydrogenolysisof ethane, propane, n for ethane, propane, and neopentane involvesthe cleavage of a single carbon-carbon bond, resulting

  8. Modeling of the formation of short-chain acids in propane flames F. Battin-Leclerc , 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Modeling of the formation of short-chain acids in propane flames F. Battin-Leclerc , 1 , A. Simulations of lean (equivalence ratios from 0.9 to 0.48) laminar premixed flames of propane stabilized in a combustion apparatus which can easily be modeled, a laminar premixed flame of propane at atmospheric pressure

  9. Kinetics and Reaction Pathways for Propane Dehydrogenation and Aromatization on Co/H-ZSM5 and H-ZSM5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    Kinetics and Reaction Pathways for Propane Dehydrogenation and Aromatization on Co/H-ZSM5 and H Co/H-ZSM5 catalyzes propane dehydrogenation and aromatization reactions. Initial product selectivities, product site-yields, and the 13C content and distribution in the products of 2-13C-propane show

  10. Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Clean Taxi Replacement Incentive

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The North Central Texas Council of Governments has partnered with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the City of Dallas to develop the North Texas Green & Go Clean Taxi Partnership as...

  11. Micro-Grids for Colonias (TX)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dean Schneider; Michael Martin; Renee Berry; Charles Moyer

    2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the results of the final implementation and testing of a hybrid micro-grid system designed for off-grid applications in underserved Colonias along the Texas/Mexico border. The project is a federally funded follow-on to a project funded by the Texas State Energy Conservation Office in 2007 that developed and demonstrated initial prototype hybrid generation systems consisting of a proprietary energy storage technology, high efficiency charging and inverting systems, photovoltaic cells, a wind turbine, and bio-diesel generators. This combination of technologies provided continuous power to dwellings that are not grid connected, with a significant savings in fuel by allowing power generation at highly efficient operating conditions. The objective of this project was to complete development of the prototype systems and to finalize and engineering design; to install and operate the systems in the intended environment, and to evaluate the technical and economic effectiveness of the systems. The objectives of this project were met. This report documents the final design that was achieved and includes the engineering design documents for the system. The system operated as designed, with the system availability limited by maintenance requirements of the diesel gensets. Overall, the system achieved a 96% availability over the operation of the three deployed systems. Capital costs of the systems were dependent upon both the size of the generation system and the scope of the distribution grid, but, in this instance, the systems averaged $0.72/kWh delivered. This cost would decrease significantly as utilization of the system increased. The system with the highest utilization achieved a capitol cost amortized value of $0.34/kWh produced. The average amortized fuel and maintenance cost was $0.48/kWh which was dependent upon the amount of maintenance required by the diesel generator. Economically, the system is difficult to justify as an alternative to grid power. However, the operational costs are reasonable if grid power is unavailable, e.g. in a remote area or in a disaster recovery situation. In fact, avoided fuel costs for the smaller of the systems in use during this project would have a payback of the capital costs of that system in 2.3 years, far short of the effective system life.

  12. Simulation of hydrogen and hydrogen-assisted propane ignition in Pt catalyzed microchannel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seshadri, Vikram; Kaisare, Niket S. [Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology - Madras, Chennai 600 036 (India)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper deals with self-ignition of catalytic microburners from ambient cold-start conditions. First, reaction kinetics for hydrogen combustion is validated with experimental results from the literature, followed by validation of a simplified pseudo-2D microburner model. The model is then used to study the self-ignition behavior of lean hydrogen/air mixtures in a Platinum-catalyzed microburner. Hydrogen combustion on Pt is a very fast reaction. During cold start ignition, hydrogen conversion reaches 100% within the first few seconds and the reactor dynamics are governed by the ''thermal inertia'' of the microburner wall structure. The self-ignition property of hydrogen can be used to provide the energy required for propane ignition. Two different modes of hydrogen-assisted propane ignition are considered: co-feed mode, where the microburner inlet consists of premixed hydrogen/propane/air mixtures; and sequential feed mode, where the inlet feed is switched from hydrogen/air to propane/air mixtures after the microburner reaches propane ignition temperature. We show that hydrogen-assisted ignition is equivalent to selectively preheating the inlet section of the microburner. The time to reach steady state is lower at higher equivalence ratio, lower wall thermal conductivity, and higher inlet velocity for both the ignition modes. The ignition times and propane emissions are compared. Although the sequential feed mode requires slightly higher amount of hydrogen, the propane emissions are at least an order of magnitude lower than the other ignition modes. (author)

  13. An analysis of US propane markets, winter 1996-1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In late summer 1996, in response to relatively low inventory levels and tight world oil markets, prices for crude oil, natural gas, and products derived from both began to increase rapidly ahead of the winter heating season. Various government and private sector forecasts indicated the potential for supply shortfalls and sharp price increases, especially in the event of unusually severe winter weather. Following a rapid runup in gasoline prices in the spring of 1996, public concerns were mounting about a possibly similar situation in heating fuels, with potentially more serious consequences. In response to these concerns, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) participated in numerous briefings and meetings with Executive Branch officials, Congressional committee members and staff, State Energy Offices, and consumers. EIA instituted a coordinated series of actions to closely monitor the situation and inform the public. This study constitutes one of those actions: an examination of propane supply, demand, and price developments and trends.

  14. On the cutting edge: Director shares vision for center’s role in addressing Texas water problems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2 tx H2O Fall 2012 Story by Kathy Wythe Fall 2012 tx H2O 3 ] Desalinating brackish groundwater is one area of water resources the Water Conservation and Technology Center is targeting. A desalination facility already in operation... is the Southmost Regional Water Authority Regional Desalination Plant near Brownsville. Photo by Danielle Kalisek. The Texas A&M University System?s Water Conservation and Technology Center was created to be on the cu#26;ing edge of helping Texas solve...

  15. Determinants of Demand for Water Used in Texas Communities David R. Bell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, Ronald

    Department of Agricultural Economics Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843-2124 July 2005 for presentation at Annual Meeting of the Western Agricultural Economics Association San Francisco, July 6-8, 2005 water and wastewater rates (per 1,000 gallons) are reported for 1999-2002 by municipal and autonomous

  16. txH20: Volume 7, Number 1 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plains Underground Conservation District No. 1, is created. Dallas City Council passes a resolution limiting lawn watering. President Eisenhower declares 244 of the state?s 254 counties as drought disaster counties. Heavy, general rains begin... is funded in part by the U.S. Geological Survey and authorized by the Water Resources Research Act. To subscribe to txH2O or New Waves, TWRI?s monthly e-mail newsletter, visit twri.tamu.edu. Follow us on Twitter at Twitter.com/TxWRI. InsideNeal Wilkins...

  17. txH20: Volume 7, Number 3 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - based soil moisture data for calibration/ validation of remote sensing platforms in Oklahoma. Editor?s note: The stories in this issue of txH2O are examples of each stage of the research process, beginning with applied research, which... scale. ?We cannot do this using only one technique, so we assimilate data from various platforms, such as ground-level measurements at the #25;nest scale and remote sensing measurements up to the watershed, Fall 2012 tx H2O 11 Left photo...

  18. Effect of temperature and pressure on the dynamics of nanoconfined propane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gautam, Siddharth, E-mail: gautam.25@osu.edu; Liu, Tingting, E-mail: gautam.25@osu.edu; Welch, Susan; Cole, David [School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 275 Mendenhall Laboratory, 125 S Oval Mall, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Rother, Gernot [Geochemistry and Interfacial Science Group, Chemical Science Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Jalarvo, Niina [Jülich Center for Neutron Sciences (JCNS-1), Forschungszentrum Jülich Outstation at Spallation Neutron Source(SNS), Chemical and Engineering Materials Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Mamontov, Eugene [Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the effect of temperature and pressure on the dynamical properties of propane confined in nanoporous silica aerogel studied using quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS). Our results demonstrate that the effect of a change in the pressure dominates over the effect of temperature variation on the dynamics of propane nano-confined in silica aerogel. At low pressures, most of the propane molecules are strongly bound to the pore walls, only a small fraction is mobile. As the pressure is increased, the fraction of mobile molecules increases. A change in the mechanism of motion, from continuous diffusion at low pressures to jump diffusion at higher pressures has also been observed.

  19. Florida Wax Scales: Control Measures in Texas for Hollies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drees, Bastiaan M.; Reinert, James; Williams, Michael L.

    2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    treatments on other landscape plants may help control other pests such as azalea lace bugs and crape myrtle aphids, but check the timing of ap- plications because they vary for different pests and plants. Systemic soil treatments: Because systemic... or any other drain. Acknowledgments The authors are grateful to Carlos Bogran and Scott Ludwig for review comments; to Gary Plaia of Katy, TX, for monitoring scale crawler hatches and reporting success in treating infested hollies in southeast Texas...

  20. A climatological analysis of the freeze period of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donahue, Christopher Alan

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Synoptic Patterns Sample Calculations and Applications CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS. . . 31 41 45 59 70 76 VI 81 APPENDIX Computer Programs 83 VITA 90 LIST OF TABLES Table Page 1 Periods of record for substations 17 2 Sample of data... of the freeze in parentheses. . . . . . . . . 64 16 Dates of 10% and 90% first and last freeze probabilities 75 tx LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page Map of the study area with the substation locations indicated . 2 Station history for Corsicana, Texas 16...

  1. The exemption laws of the State of Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dozier, James Hall

    1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TABLE OF CO~S Chapter I I I I XX. a pg 0 XXI ~ XV? A SHORT H1STORY OF THE ZX1EIIIPTION LAWS OF TEXAS ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ First Exemption LBU a ~ ~ ~ ~ Constitutional Proteotion. Definition of Homesteads Constitution of 1SVB 0...'ther ExemPtions ~ ~ ~ ~ a e ~ a ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ a ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 4 ~ a ~ e e e ~ ~ e ~ ~ ~ e e Present Statute a ~ ~ ~ ~ e ~ Fam9. 1y Relationship. Furniture. ~ . ~ . ~ Cemetex'F Lots ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Implements of Husbandrye Tools of Tx...

  2. Streamlining the Certification Process for New Power Plants in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treadway, N.

    are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the positions of the Public Utility Commission of Texas 77 ESL-IE-92-04-13 Proceedings from the 14th National Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, April 22-23, 1992 POWER PLANT... issues which came to light. The evolution of the issues provides insight into why the NOI rule was adopted in May 1991 and why the Commission's deliberations continue on this topic. Docket No. s.i2Q Texas-New Mexico Power Company (TNP) filed an NOI...

  3. Benefits of Multiple TX Powers Robustness to Beacon Node Failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    the partial failure of the infrastructure. Our system, called MoteTrack, is based on low-power radios coupledAccuracy Benefits of Multiple TX Powers Robustness to Beacon Node Failure Introduction to a wide range of applications. For some, the location tracking system must continue to operate despite

  4. State heating oil and propane program: Final report. Survey of No.2 heating oil and propane prices at the retail level, October 1997 through March 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Efficiency Division of the Vermont Department of Public Service (DPS) monitored the price and inventory of residential heating oil and propane during the 1997--98 heating season under a grant from the US Department of Energy`s Energy Information Administration (EIA). DPS staff collected data biweekly between October 5, 1997 and March 16, 1998 on the retail price of {number_sign}2 home heating oil and propane by telephone survey. Propane price quoted was based on the rate for a residential home heating customer using 1,000+ per year. The survey included a sample of fuel dealers selected by the EIA, plus additional dealers and fuels selected by the DPS. The EIA weighted, analyzed, and reported the data collected from their sample.

  5. Experimental and analytical studies of hydrocarbon yields under dry-, steam-, and steam-with-propane distillation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaiswal, Namit

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Simulation study has shown oil production is accelerated when propane is used as an additive during steam injection. To better understand this phenomenon, distillation experiments were performed using San Ardo crude oil (12oAPI). For comparison...

  6. Experimental study of Morichal heavy oil recovery using combined steam and propane injection 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goite Marcano, Jose Gregorio

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with steam (for the purpose of increasing steam recovery efficiency) are being evaluated. An experimental study has been performed to investigate the effect of combined steam and propane injection on recovery of heavy oil from the Morichal field, Venezuela...

  7. Experimental study of Morichal heavy oil recovery using combined steam and propane injection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goite Marcano, Jose Gregorio

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with steam (for the purpose of increasing steam recovery efficiency) are being evaluated. An experimental study has been performed to investigate the effect of combined steam and propane injection on recovery of heavy oil from the Morichal field, Venezuela...

  8. Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    - W 73.5 See footnotes at end of table. A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present Energy Information Administration ...

  9. Analysis of tank deformation from fire induced ruptures and BLEVEs of 400 l propane tanks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kielec, D.J.; Birk, A.M. [Queen`s Univ., Kingston, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A series of fire tests were conducted to study the thermal rupture of propane tanks. The tests involved 400 liter ASME automotive propane tanks filled to 80% capacity with commercial propane. The tanks were brought to failure using torches and pool fires. the resulting thermal ruptures varied in severity from minor fissures, measuring a few centimeters in length, to catastrophic failures where the tank was flattened on the ground. The catastrophic failures would typically be called Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapour Explosions (BLEVE). The objective of this work was to develop a correlation between the failure severity and the tank condition at failure. The deformed propane tanks were measured in detail and the extent of deformation was quantified. The tank failure severity was found to be a complex function of a number of tank and lading properties at failure. this paper presents the measured data from the tanks and a step by step description of how the correlation was determined.

  10. Analysis of fire-induced ruptures of 400-L propane tanks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kielec, D.J.; Birk, A.M. [Queen`s Univ., Kingston, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A series of fire tests were conducted to study the thermal rupture of propane tanks. The tests involved 400-L ASME automotive propane tanks filled to 80% capacity with commercial propane. The tanks were brought to failure using torches and pool fires. The resulting thermal ruptures varied in severity from minor fissures, measuring a few centimeters in length, to catastrophic failures where the tank was flattened on the ground. The catastrophic failures would typically be called boiling liquid expanding vapor explosions (BLEVEs). The objective of this work was to develop a correlation between the failure severity and the tank condition at failure. The deformed propane tanks were measured in detail and the extent of deformation was quantified. The tank failure severity was found to be a complex function of a number of tank and lading properties at failure. This paper presents the measured data from the tanks and a step-by-step description of how the correlation was determined.

  11. Emissions from In-Use NG, Propane, and Diesel Fueled Heavy Duty...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Emissions from In-Use NG, Propane, and Diesel Fueled Heavy Duty Vehicles 2011 Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) October 3-6, 2011 Presented By: Kent...

  12. Etude cin\\'etique de CVD de pyrocarbone obtenu par pyrolyse de propane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziegler-Devin, Isabelle; Marquaire, Paul-Marie

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High temeperature (900-1000\\degree C) low pressure (propane yields a pyrocarbon deposit, but also mainly hydrogen and hydrocarbons from methane to polyaromatics. 30 reaction products were exeperimentally quantified at different operating conditions. A detailed kinetic pyrolysis model (600 reactions) has been developed and validated based on the totality of experiments. This model includes a homogeneous model (describing the gas phase pyrolysis of propane) coupled with a heterogeneous model describing the pyrocarbon deposit.

  13. April 11, 2001 Presentation at BRC, Temple, TX. Hydrological Applications of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    April 11, 2001 Presentation at BRC, Temple, TX. Hydrological Applications of LST Derived from AVHRR;April 11, 2001 Presentation at BRC, Temple, TX. Outline · Introduction · All about LST · Model Modeling · Drought Indices (KBDI, PDSI) · Conclusion #12;April 11, 2001 Presentation at BRC, Temple, TX

  14. txH20: Volume 8, Number 2 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for water is dependent on the weather conditions. #27;e new controllers link operation of the sprinkler system to weather conditions collected on site or through an ongoing feed from radio- or web-based data. If businesses and homeowners are over... by the Texas Water Resources Institute (TWRI), which is part of Texas A&M AgriLife Research, the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service and the Texas A&M University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. TWRI is funded in part by the U.S. Geological Survey...

  15. txH20: Volume 8, Number 1 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Resources Institute (TWRI), which is part of Texas A&M AgriLife Research, the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service and the Texas A&M University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. TWRI is funded in part by the U.S. Geological Survey and authorized... water plan and other water-related issues during its session. Photo by Leslie Lee. Volume 8, number 1, Winter 2013 2 I Worth it? Weighing the costs of implementing the state water plan and the consequences of doing nothing 7 I Texas A...

  16. txH20: Volume 8, Number 3 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Texas A&M AgriLife Research Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Texas A&M University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Fall 2013 Urban Water A WaterSense home, on-campus conservation, graywater basics and more Roel Lopez Message from...;#27;#30;#27;. To address these concerns, personnel within #25;e Texas A&M University System and their collaborators are researching and demonstrating be#24;er ways to save urban water. Some of their innovative methods are spotlighted in this issue and include...

  17. Turf in Texas: still sustainable, Researchers test management practices and tout landscapes' benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Leslie

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    always said is ?turf is a resource,?? Wherley said, of Dr. David Chalmers, professor emeritus in the soil and crop sciences department. ?And just like any other resource, it?s not simply there for people to look at and say ?wow, that looks beautiful...;? it actually serves very important functions.? TURF IN TEXAS: still sustainable Researchers test management practices and tout landscapes? bene#31;ts ] 22 txH2O Fall 2013 Turf in Texas continued One station at the Texas A&M AgriLife Research turfgrass...

  18. Evolution of Meteorological Base Models for Estimating Hourly Global Solar Radiation in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.S

    ESL-PA-13-11-01 Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Energy Procedia 00 (2013) 000–000 www.elsevier.com/locate/procedia 2013 ISES Solar World Congress Evaluation of Meteorological Base Models... for Estimating Hourly Global Solar Radiation in Texas Kee Han Kima,b*, Juan-Carlos Baltazarb, and Jeff S. Haberla,b aDepartment of Architecture, Texas A&M University, 3137 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-3137, U.S.A. bEnergy Systems Laboratory, Texas A...

  19. Heat transfer coefficients for propane (R-290), isobutane (R-600a), and 50/50 mixture of propane and isobutane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathur, G.D. [Zexel USA Corp., Decatur, IL (United States)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Tube-side heat transfer coefficients for single-phase flow, evaporation, and condensation are presented for propane (R-290), isobutane (R-600a), and a 50/50 mixture (by weight) of propane and isobutane. Heat transfer coefficients have been presented for smooth tubes based on the standard correlations available in the literature for pure refrigerants. The correlations for evaporation and condensation have previously been verified for R-12 and other refrigerants. The correlations for evaporation and condensation have previously been verified for R-12 and other refrigerants. The mass flux of the refrigerant is varied over a wide range that is typically encountered in residential, commercial, and automotive applications. Evaporation temperatures of {minus}6.7 C (20 F) and 4.4 C (40 F) and condensation temperatures of 37.8 C (100 F) and 48.9 C (120 F) have been used for this investigation. The heat transfer coefficients for hydrocarbons (R-290, R-600a, R-290/R-600a) have been compared with R-12 and R-134a. The REFPROP computer program developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has been used to determine the thermodynamic properties for R-290, R-600a, and R-290/R-600a. This study shows that the heat transfer coefficients for hydrocarbons are significantly higher than those for both R-12 and R-134a. For the range of refrigerant temperatures and mass flux studied, single-phase vapor heat transfer coefficients for hydrocarbons are greater by 234% to 259% in comparison to R-12 and are greater by 167% to 181% in comparison to R-134a. The single-phase liquid heat transfer coefficients for hydrocarbons are greater by 193% to 245% in comparison to R-12; and are greater by 155% to 198% in comparison to R-134a. Average evaporative heat transfer coefficients for hydrocarbons are greater by 194% to 238% in comparison to R-12 and are greater by 157% to 192% in comparison to R-134a. Finally, average condensing coefficients are greater by 220% to 233% in comparison to R-12 and are greater by 177% to 187% in comparison to R-134a. Tables 3 through 6 show a summary of the heat transfer coefficient enhancement of the hydrocarbons in comparison to both R-12 and R-134a.

  20. Evaluation of Canal Lining Projects in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas: 2011 Ratings and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonaiti, Gabriele; Karimov, Askar; Fipps, Guy

    IN THE LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY OF TEXAS 2011 Ratings and Analysis October 7, 2011 By Gabriele Bonaiti Extension Associate Askar Karimov Extension Associate Guy Fipps, P.E. Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineer... Texas AgriLife Extension Service Irrigation Technology Center Biological and Agricultural Engineering 2117 TAMU College Station, TX 77843?2117 979?845?3977; http://idea.tamu.edu - 3 - EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Since 1999, nine (9) irrigation...

  1. Assessment of the risk of transporting propane by truck and train

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geffen, C.A.

    1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The risk of shipping propane is discussed and the risk assessment methodology is summarized. The risk assessment model has been constructed as a series of separate analysis steps to allow the risk to be readily reevaluated as additional data becomes available or as postulated system characteristics change. The transportation system and accident environment, the responses of the shipping system to forces in transportation accidents, and release sequences are evaluated to determine both the likelihood and possible consequences of a release. Supportive data and analyses are given in the appendices. The risk assessment results are related to the year 1985 to allow a comparison with other reports in this series. Based on the information presented, accidents involving tank truck shipments of propane will be expected to occur at a rate of 320 every year; accidents involving bobtails would be expected at a rate of 250 every year. Train accidents involving propane shipments would be expected to occur at a rate of about 60 every year. A release of any amount of material from propane trucks, under both normal transportation and transport accident conditions, is to be expected at a rate of about 110 per year. Releases from propane rail tank cars would occur about 40 times a year. However, only those releases that occur during a transportation accident or involve a major tank defect will include sufficient propane to present the potential for danger to the public. These significant releases can be expected at the lower rate of about fourteen events per year for truck transport and about one event every two years for rail tank car transport. The estimated number of public fatalities resulting from these significant releases in 1985 is fifteen. About eleven fatalities per year result from tank truck operation, and approximately half a death per year stems from the movement of propane in rail tank cars.

  2. txH2O: Volume 6, Number 1 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Water Resources Institute

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , watershed coordinator and Extension program specialist, coordinate specific projects in the Lower Rio Grande Valley and the Pecos River Basin, respectively. The institute has established many partnerships that, in addition to the colleges, units... Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Synergistic eradication Center?s First Project Tackles Invasive Plant at Treasured Lake txH2O | pg. 5 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, NRCS, Cypress Valley Navigation District...

  3. txH20; Volume 6, Number 1 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , watershed coordinator and Extension program specialist, coordinate specific projects in the Lower Rio Grande Valley and the Pecos River Basin, respectively. The institute has established many partnerships that, in addition to the colleges, units... Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Synergistic eradication Center?s First Project Tackles Invasive Plant at Treasured Lake txH2O | pg. 5 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, NRCS, Cypress Valley Navigation District...

  4. Meeting Our Users Where They Conference: A Texas A&M Model to Support Librarian Attendance at Subject-Specific Conferences 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seeger, Christina; Wan, Gary; Hankins, Rebecca; Melgoza, Pauline

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    @medlib.tamu.edu Gary ?Gang? Wan Texas A&M University Sterling Evans Library College Station TX 77843-5000 GWan@lib-gw.tamu.edu ABSTRACT Today?s academic librarian is frequently called upon to function as a subject specialist, with or without advanced degrees in other... Science, Emporia State University, Kansas) is currently a Library Fellow in the Medical Sciences Library at Texas A&M University, College Station TX 77843, (address e-mail to: CSeeger@medlib.tamu.edu#21;); Gary (Gang) Wan (Bachelor?s in Electrical...

  5. Lean and ultralean stretched propane-air counterflow flames

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, Zhongxian; Pitz, Robert W. [Mechanical Engineering Department, Vanderbilt University, Box 1592, Station B, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Wehrmeyer, Joseph A. [Aerospace Testing Alliance, Building 1099, Avenue C, Arnold Air Force Base, TN 37389 (United States)

    2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Stretched laminar flame structures for a wide range of C{sub 3}H{sub 8}-air mixtures vs hot products are investigated by laser-based diagnostics and numerical simulation. The hot products are produced by a lean H{sub 2}-air premixed flame. The effect of stretch rate and equivalence ratio on four groups of C{sub 3}H{sub 8}-air flame structures is studied in detail by Raman scattering measurements and by numerical calculations of the major species concentration and temperature profiles. The equivalence ratio, f, is varied from a near-stoichiometric condition (f=0.86) to the sublean limit (f=0.44) and the stretch rate varies from 90 s{sup -1} to near extinction. For most of these C{sub 3}H{sub 8}-air lean mixtures, hot products are needed to maintain the flame. The significant feature of these flames is the relatively low flame temperatures (1200-1800 K). For this temperature range, the predicted C{sub 3}H{sub 8}-air flame structure is sensitive to the specific chemical kinetic mechanism. Two types of flame structures (a lean self-propagating flame and a lean diffusion-controlled flame) are obtained based on the combined effect of stretch and equivalence ratio. Three different mechanisms, the M5 mechanism, the Optimized mechanism, and the San Diego mechanism, are chosen for the numerical simulations. None of the propane chemical mechanisms give good agreement with the data over the entire range of flame conditions. (author)

  6. No. 2 heating oil/propane program 1994--1995. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McBrien, J.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the 1994--95 heating season, the Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources (DOER) participated in a joint data collection program between several state energy offices and the federal Department of Energy`s (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA). The purpose of the program was to collect and monitor retail and wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories from October 1994 through March 1995. This program augmented the existing Massachusetts data collection system and served several important functions. The information helped the federal and state governments respond to consumer, congressional and media inquiries regarding No. 2 oil and propane. The information also provided policy decision-makers with timely, accurate and consistent data to monitor current heating oil and propane markets and develop appropriate state responses when necessary. In addition, the communication network between states and the DOE was strengthened through this program. This final report begins with an overview of the unique events that had an impact on the petroleum markets prior to and during the reporting period. Next, the report summarizes the results from residential heating oil and propane price surveys conducted by DOER over the 1994--95 heating season. The report also incorporates the wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories collected by EIA and distributed to the states. Finally, the report outlines DOER`s use of the data.

  7. State Heating Oil & Propane Program. Final report 1997/98 heating season

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hunton, G.

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The following is a summary report of the New Hampshire Governor`s Office of Energy and Community Services (ECS) participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) for the 1997/98 heating season. SHOPP is a cooperative effort, linking energy offices in East Coast and Midwest states, with the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA) for the purpose of collecting retail price data for heating oil and propane. The program is funded by the participating state with a matching grant from DOE. SHOPP was initiated in response to congressional inquires into supply difficulties and price spikes of heating oil and propane associated with the winter of 1989/90. This is important to New Hampshire because heating oil controls over 55% of the residential heating market statewide. Propane controls 10% of the heating market statewide and is widely used for water heating and cooking in areas of the state where natural gas is not available. Lower installation cost, convenience, lower operating costs compared to electricity, and its perception as a clean heating fuel have all worked to increase the popularity of propane in New Hampshire and should continue to do so in the future. Any disruption in supply of these heating fuels to New Hampshire could cause prices to skyrocket and leave many residents in the cold.

  8. txH20: Volume 8, Number 3 (Complete) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    call to reduce residential water use 18 I Maroon and green New Texas A&M buildings conserve energy, water and money 21 I Turf in Texas: still sustainable Researchers test management practices and tout landscapes? benefits 24 I Charting a new... said. Finch said some Texas cities still use #31;#30; percent or more of their water for landscapes, a prime target for water conservation. ?#29;at has to be addressed,? he said. ?As a horticulturist, I can reasonably say that one half...

  9. txH20: Volume 7, Number 3 (Complete) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    into the compressor keeps it cool and reduces energy consumption. Putting it into practice: the Laredo test AdVE successfully desalinated water at the Laredo plant, but it did not produce the amount of fresh water expected. Schneider said the AdVE-equipped plant...Texas A&M AgriLife Research Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Texas A&M University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences In this issue: ReLevant research: ensuring water supplies Vadose zone modeling, desalination technology...

  10. Associate Professor, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843.5 HUMAN FACTORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    may differ in performance. Next, the kind of control performance that underlies steering, braking on the development of adequate models of the tracking behavior fundamental to steering, much less so for braking g = acceleration of gravity g = control displacement(s) G = gradient H = information (bits) K = gain

  11. Remote Sensing: Cloud Properties P Yang, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baum, Bryan A.

    and the effective particle size. Global cloud observations based on satellite measurements serve many uses of supercooled water and ice particles. Water and ice clouds interact with solar radiation differently and have are analyzed routinely for global cloud macrophysical properties such as cloud height, phase (water, ice

  12. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Shuttles Run on Propane

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProducts (VAP)MassachusettsExperimental VehicleNatural GasVehicleTexasAirport

  13. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Converts Vehicles to Propane in

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative FuelsSanta Fe Metro Fleet RunsTexasCase

  14. Texas Pears.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McEachern, George Ray; Hancock, Bluefford G.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -sterile in one location and self-sterile or partially so in others. A 50-acre Kieffer orchard in Polk County, Texas, produced a heavy crop in 1976 with no other variety in the orchard as a pollinator. Climate, soil, bees, weather at blooming time...

  15. No. 2 heating oil/propane program. Final report, 1992/93

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McBrien, J.

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the 1992--93 heating season, the Massachusetts Division Energy Resources (DOER) participated in a joint data collection program between several state energy offices and the federal Department of Energy`s (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA). The purpose of the program was to collect and monitor retail and wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories from October, 1992 through March, 1993. This final report begins with an overview of the unique events which had an impact on the petroleum markets prior to and during the reporting period. Next, the report summarizes the results from residential heating oil and propane price surveys conducted by DOER over the 1992--93 heating season. The report also incorporates the wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories collected by the EIA and distributed to the states. Finally, the report outlines DOER`s use of the data.

  16. txH2O: Volume 2, Number 3 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Water Resources Institute

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems Institute at Texas State University. The course will support the development of watershed protection plans and promote sustainable, proactive approaches to manag- ing water quality throughout Texas. ?A well-coordinated watershed training approach... groundwater rights, environ- mental flows and water reuse, she is a firm believer in the market system.?I think the market is the solution. I think the state forcing rural people to give under- priced water to urban areas is not right.? Solving these water...

  17. Clean Fuel Advanced Technology Public Education Campaign: Billboards According to the U.S. Department of Energy's July 2013 alternative fuel price report, the price of propane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. Department of Energy's July 2013 alternative fuel price report, the price of propane (LPG) in North Carolina at least $1,000 in yearly fuel costs by driving on natural gas or propane. · According to the U

  18. Professional Services Provided By Texas Education Service Centers To Promote Improvement In Texas Public Schools-A Descriptive Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ausburn, Jerry Paul

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    ,590 11 Fort Worth, TX 77 510,207 12 Waco, TX 77 148,516 13 Austin, TX 60 345,154 14 Abilene, TX 42 47,206 15 San Angelo, TX 43 45,387 16 Amarillo, TX 63 80,040 17 Lubbock, TX 57 78,636 18 Midland, TX 33 75,202 19 El Paso, TX 12 173,275 20 San...

  19. Performance analysis of a series of hermetic reciprocating compressors working with R290 (propane) and R407C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández de Córdoba, Pedro

    Performance analysis of a series of hermetic reciprocating compressors working with R290 (propane Abstract In this paper, a series of compressors with different capacities and geometries working with propane as refrigerant are analyzed in terms of the compressor model developed by [E. Navarro, E. Granryd

  20. The determination of compressibility factors of gaseous propane-nitrogen mixtures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hodges, Don

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of thc Beg;voc cf kBSTBACT The propane-nitrogen system has been investigated in the gaseous phase at a temperature of 300 F. and at pressures up to 4/0 atmospheres. Compressibility curves for three mixtures of this system have been determined. A... the pressure corresponding to the "n " expansion ? th? the partial pressure of nitrogen the partial pressure oi' propane the total pressure of a gaseous system the universal gas constant (0. 08206 liter-atmosphere/ gram mole - oK) the absolute...

  1. The determination of compressibility factors of gaseous propane-nitrogen mixtures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hodges, Don

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of thc Beg;voc cf kBSTBACT The propane-nitrogen system has been investigated in the gaseous phase at a temperature of 300 F. and at pressures up to 4/0 atmospheres. Compressibility curves for three mixtures of this system have been determined. A... the pressure corresponding to the "n " expansion ? th? the partial pressure of nitrogen the partial pressure oi' propane the total pressure of a gaseous system the universal gas constant (0. 08206 liter-atmosphere/ gram mole - oK) the absolute...

  2. Forestry Policies (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Texas' forested lands are managed by the Texas Forest Service, a division of Texas A&M University. TFS has issued the "Statewide Assessment of Forest Resources", which includes discussion of...

  3. Water Rights (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality regulates the water rights for the state of Texas. Water and state water may be appropriated, stored, or diverted in the state of Texas for beneficial...

  4. Texas Rice Production Guidelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Way, M. O.; Cockrell, Jay

    2008-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication gives Texas rice farmers the latest research-based information about producing rice in Texas. Recommendations are based on research conducted by the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station and the USDA....

  5. txH2O: Volume 4, Number 1 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Water Resources Institute

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    developed about on-site conditions before a well was drilled and installed can be downloaded. ? U. S. Geological Survey?s Groundwater Data for the Nation program http://waterdata.usgs.gov/nwis/gw A variety of groundwater data, including information... at NASA?s Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, using data from three different Earth-observing satellite instruments. The presence of the Moon in this image is an artistic addition. Inside volume 4 number 1, Winter 2008 tx H 2 O...

  6. Staubli TX-90XL robot qualification at the LLIHE.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Covert, Timothy Todd

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Light Initiated High Explosive (LIHE) Facility uses a robotic arm to spray explosive material onto test items for impulse tests. In 2007, the decision was made to replace the existing PUMA 760 robot with the Staubli TX-90XL. A qualification plan was developed and implemented to verify the safe operating conditions and failure modes of the new system. The robot satisfied the safety requirements established in the qualification plan. A performance issue described in this report remains unresolved at the time of this publication. The final readiness review concluded the qualification of this robot at the LIHE facility.

  7. txH2O: Volume 9, Number 1 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , was integral in establishing the start of the EARIP project and served as the former program coordinator for EARIP. 10 txH2O Summer 2014 Story by Danielle Kalisek El Paso Water Utilities uses an infiltration or spreading basin to recharge the Hueco... needs. In the 2012 state water plan, accessing new sources of ground- water is projected to provide more than 800,000 acre-feet of water annually by 2060. With the growing water needs in the state and the continuing drought, many are predicting...

  8. EIS-0412: TX Energy, LLC, Industrial Gasification Facility Near Beaumont,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised FindingDepartment of EnergyEnergyDepartment of Energy IntentTX

  9. RAPID/Roadmap/13-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag Jump to:ID8/OrganizationTechProbSolutionsPublicQuanlightR3(2)3-AK-aNV-a <TX-a

  10. RAPID/Roadmap/5-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, searche <caMT-aNV-bTX-a

  11. RAPID/Roadmap/15-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I GeothermalPotentialBiopowerSolidGenerationMethodInformatione < RAPID‎ | Roadmap JumpTX-a <

  12. RAPID/Roadmap/7-TX-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I GeothermalPotentialBiopowerSolidGenerationMethodInformatione <RAPID/Roadmap/7-FD-k <TX-c <

  13. SUR LA POSSIBILIT D'UTILISATION D'UNE CHAMBRE A BULLES A PROPANE POUR L'TUDE DES RACTIONS NUCLAIRES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    175 A. SUR LA POSSIBILITÉ D'UTILISATION D'UNE CHAMBRE A BULLES A PROPANE POUR L'ÉTUDE DES RÉACTIONS. - Mise au point et étude des caractéristiques du fonctionnement d'une chambre à bulles à propane de 6 135 MeV. Abstract. 2014 Adjustment and studies of some characteristics of a 6 litre propane bubble

  14. Single-Site Vanadyl Activation, Functionalization, and Reoxidation Reaction Mechanism for Propane Oxidative Dehydrogenation on the Cubic V4O10 Cluster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    Single-Site Vanadyl Activation, Functionalization, and Reoxidation Reaction Mechanism for Propane of density functional theory) to examine the detailed mechanism for propane reacting with a V4O10 cluster to model the catalytic oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) of propane on the V2O5(001) surface. We here report

  15. Structure and critical function of Fe and acid sites in Fe-ZSM-5 in propane oxidative dehydrogenation with N2O and N2O decomposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sklenak, Stepan

    Structure and critical function of Fe and acid sites in Fe-ZSM-5 in propane oxidative species Steamed Fe-zeolites Mössbauer spectroscopy UV­Vis FTIR H2-TPR N2O decomposition Propane oxidative of propane to propene with N2O. The evacuated non-steamed FeH-ZSM-5 contained high concentration of Brønsted

  16. Groundwater Management Areas (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation authorizes the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality and the Texas Water Development Board to establish Groundwater Management Areas to provide for the conservation,...

  17. Simulation studies of steam-propane injection for the Hamaca heavy oil field 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venturini, Gilberto Jose

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Simulation studies were performed to evaluate a novel technology, steam-propane injection, for the heavy Hamaca crude oil. The oil has a gravity of 9.3?API and a viscosity of 25,000 cp at 50?C. Two types of simulation studies were performed: a...

  18. Metallurgical failure analysis of a propane tank boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion (BLEVE).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kilgo, Alice C.; Eckelmeyer, Kenneth Hall; Susan, Donald Francis

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A severe fire and explosion occurred at a propane storage yard in Truth or Consequences, N.M., when a truck ran into the pumping and plumbing system beneath a large propane tank. The storage tank emptied when the liquid-phase excess flow valve tore out of the tank. The ensuing fire engulfed several propane delivery trucks, causing one of them to explode. A series of elevated-temperature stress-rupture tears developed along the top of a 9800 L (2600 gal) truck-mounted tank as it was heated by the fire. Unstable fracture then occurred suddenly along the length of the tank and around both end caps, along the girth welds connecting the end caps to the center portion of the tank. The remaining contents of the tank were suddenly released, aerosolized, and combusted, creating a powerful boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion (BLEVE). Based on metallography of the tank pieces, the approximate tank temperature at the onset of the BLEVE was determined. Metallurgical analysis of the ruptured tank also permitted several hypotheses regarding BLEVE mechanisms to be evaluated. Suggestions are made for additional work that could provide improved predictive capabilities regarding BLEVEs and for methods to decrease the susceptibility of propane tanks to BLEVEs.

  19. Simulation studies of steam-propane injection for the Hamaca heavy oil field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venturini, Gilberto Jose

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Simulation studies were performed to evaluate a novel technology, steam-propane injection, for the heavy Hamaca crude oil. The oil has a gravity of 9.3?API and a viscosity of 25,000 cp at 50?C. Two types of simulation studies were performed: a...

  20. Syngas Production from Propane using Atmospheric Non-Thermal Plasma F. Ouni, A. Khacef*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Syngas Production from Propane using Atmospheric Non-Thermal Plasma F. Ouni, A. Khacef* and J. M applications (1, 2) . Synthesis gas or syngas (mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide) are used as a major. The conventional reformers allowing syngas production are based on steam reforming of hydrocarbons (3) following

  1. txH2O: Volume 3, Number 2 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Water Resources Institute

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    source survey for watershed. ? Calculate load duration curves (LDCs). Analyze Tier 1 data with stakeholder advisory group. Decision 1 (D1) Are data and analysis adequate? Yes Go to D2. No Go to T2. Decision 2 (D2) Are needed load reductions socially.... ?Bacteria pollution is the No. 1 cause of impairment in Texas,? said Kevin Wagner, a Texas Water Resources Institute (TWRI) project manager involved in proj- ects addressing bacteria impairment. Although other pollutants such as metals and nutri- ents cause...

  2. txH20: Volume 6, Number 3 (Complete) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    auditors and homeowners to be smart too 13 I Turfgrass Field to provide lab to research new technologies 15 I El Paso landscape perspective Researchers study water conservation, plant tolerance, and water reuse 18 I Rainman Renowned rainwater... principles outlined in AgriLife Extension?s Earth-Kind? publications, the same green Texas-style landscape that we are accustomed to can be achieved and still conserve water,? he said. Earth-Kind? is a federally registered trademark of the Texas Agri...

  3. RAPID/Roadmap/14-TX-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I GeothermalPotentialBiopowerSolidGenerationMethodInformation TexasTexas)ID-aRAPID/Roadmap/14-ID-dcd

  4. Novel Pt/Mg(In)(Al)O catalysts for ethane and propane dehydrogenation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Pingping; Siddiqi, Georges; Vining, William C.; Chi, Miaofang; Bell, Alexis T. (UCB); (ORNL)

    2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Catalysts for the dehydrogenation of light alkanes were prepared by dispersing Pt on the surface of a calcined hydrotalcite-like support containing indium, Mg(In)(Al)O. Upon reduction in H{sub 2} at temperatures above 673 K, bimetallic particles of PtIn are observed by TEM, which have an average diameter of 1 nm. Analysis of Pt LIII-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) data shows that the In content of the bimetallic particles increases with increasing bulk In/Pt ratio and reduction temperature. Pt LIII-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) indicates that an increasing donation of electronic charge from In to Pt occurs with increasing In content in the PtIn particles. The activity and selectivity of the Pt/Mg(In)(Al)O catalysts for ethane and propane dehydrogenation reactions are strongly dependent on the bulk In/Pt ratio. For both reactants, maximum activity was achieved for a bulk In/Pt ratio of 0.48, and at this In/Pt ratio, the selectivity to alkene was nearly 100%. Coke deposition was observed after catalyst use for either ethane or propane dehydrogenation, and it was observed that the alloying of Pt with In greatly reduced the amount of coke deposited. Characterization of the deposit by Raman spectroscopy indicates that the coke is present as highly disordered graphite particles <30 nm in diameter. While the amount of coke deposited during ethane and propane dehydrogenation are comparable, the effects on activity are dependent on reactant composition. Coke deposition had no effect on ethane dehydrogenation activity, but caused a loss in propane dehydrogenation activity. This difference is attributed to the greater ease with which coke produced on the surface of PtIn nanoparticles migrates to the support during ethane dehydrogenation versus propane dehydrogenation.

  5. Evaluation of USDA feeder calf grades and health status of steers and their impact on live and carcass performance in south Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groschke, David Wayne

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2003-2004, the Texas A&M University Ranch to Rail South program evaluated 430 steers in Edroy, TX. Data were analyzed on several traits, but feeder calf frame and muscle grades and health status were emphasized. Muscle thickness grade (M), frame...

  6. Evaluation of naturally occurring parasitic Hymenoptera attacking silverleaf whitefly, Bemisia argentifolii in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moomaw, Charles Philip

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    be considered, should such be necessary. Texas parasitoid complex Faunistic surveys (C. Moomaw, M. Rose and J, B. Woolley, TAMU, College Station TX. , 1991-1994) suggest that five species of parasitic Hymenoptera attack the whitefly on cultivated crops...; Yokomi et al. 1990a). Geminivirus of tomato and cabbage appeared in 1989 (Brown A Costa 1992). The SWF is also a vector of cotton leaf crumple, cotton leaf curl, infectious yellows and squash leaf curl affecting a wide range of cultivated vegetable...

  7. Occurrence of Leptospira interrogans serovar grippotyphosa infections in the dog and raccoon populations in Austin, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbst, Michele Ann

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Pollutants in Southeastern United States. JAVMA 1975; 167(7):592-597. 3. Clay WH: Controlling Raccoon Damage. Pamphlet No. L-1902, Wildlife Animal Control, Texas Rodent and Predatory Animal Control Service, San Antonio, TX, n. d. 4. Evans AT, Evans RH.... C. : Pan American Health Organization. 1980. 22. United States Department of Agriculture: Leptospirosis in Domestic Animals. Washington, D. C. : U. S. Government Printing Office. 1976. 23. Torten M: Leptospirosis. +n: Steele JH (ed): CRC...

  8. The relationship between ownership fragmentation and landscape structure in Bastrop County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engle, Jason Allen

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) and 0 (Iow) for contrast. . . . . 21 Table 6. Summary of linear regressions relating ownership density to landscape metrics (Fig. 3 ? Fig, 6) in landscapes at multiple spatial extents for 2 time periods in Bastrop County, TX...), increased by 51'/& since 1990, compared to a 23'zo increase statewide (U. S. Census Bureau 2000), State highways 290 and 21 bisect the county, and its northwestern boarder is only 15 km (9. 3 mi) from Austin, Texas city limits. Also, the "Lost Pines...

  9. Producing And Marketing Texas Citrus.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyons, Calvin G. Jr; Maxwell, Norman P.; Dean, Herbert; Deer, James A.; Hart, William G.; Amador, Jose M.; Powell, Gordon

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AUTHORS 1. TEXAS CITRUS - ITS HISTORY AND CULTURE CALVIN G.LVONS, jR., Area Horticulturist (Citrus), Texas Agricultural Exten- sion Service, Weslaco, Texas . NORMAN P. MAXWELL, Associate Professor (Fruit Crops), Texas Agricultural Experiment... Station, Weslaco, Texas' 2. TEXAS CITRUS - MITES AND INSECTS HERBERT DEAN, Associate Professor (Citrus Insects), Texas Agricultural Ex- periment Station, Weslaco, Texas . JAMES A. DEER, Entomologist (Retired), Texas Agricultural Extension Service, Weslaco...

  10. WEST TEXAS HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    WEST TEXAS HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION Public History and Citizen Historians --Guardians of the Hidden Whitfield, Lubbock. Cover: "Stampede," by Tom Lea, El Paso 1940. #12;West Texas Historical Association 91stMurray University, "Black Gold: Larry Gatlin's West Texas Oil Patch Roots" Robert Reitz, Dallas, Texas, "Sputnik

  11. Securing Texas water: Experts call for additional planning, policies, expanding "new" water 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2 tx H2O Summer 2012 Story by Kathy Wythe The backside of Mansfield Dam on Lake Travis clearly shows the effect of drought with the water level low enough to expose turbine intakes. ?Jeff Gardner; iStockPhoto. With the #25...;#24;#23;#23; drought exposing the strengths and weaknesses in Texas? water supply systems and the accompanying planning and policies, water security has become a buzzword in Texas water resources circles. #31;e need to move forward in research, planning...

  12. Securing Texas water: Experts call for additional planning, policies, expanding "new" water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2 tx H2O Summer 2012 Story by Kathy Wythe The backside of Mansfield Dam on Lake Travis clearly shows the effect of drought with the water level low enough to expose turbine intakes. ?Jeff Gardner; iStockPhoto. With the #25...;#24;#23;#23; drought exposing the strengths and weaknesses in Texas? water supply systems and the accompanying planning and policies, water security has become a buzzword in Texas water resources circles. #31;e need to move forward in research, planning...

  13. Corn Hybrids for Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, J. S.; Bockholt, A. J.; Collier, J. W.

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Root Stalk Unsound Worm dam- Shelling, % Days to Ears per Entries bushels lodging, % breakage, % ears, % age score1 silk plant Texas 28 ."-' Texas 26 Texas 32 Texas 30 Texas 15W Texas 17W Asgrow lOlW United U72 Keystone 222 Funk G711 De....0 6.3 8.2 9.9 10.1 13.0 13.1 16.9 193 16.7 38 40 43 Texas 28 Texas 26 Texas 30 Texas 15W United U72 Keystone 222 Funk G711 TRF 3 Surcropper Ferguson's Yellow Dent Number of tests included 6-YEAR AVERAGE, 1951-56 'Refers to the relative...

  14. Texas Distant Learning Association Annual Conference San Antonio, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azevedo, Ricardo

    and other departments), Texas Southern University, Texas A&M, Mexico Department of Health, UNAM, PEMEX, QGSI

  15. Texas High Plains Supplement to Texas Alfalfa Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    "Spring Fever Alfalfa­The Pitfalls of Spring Seeding Alfalfa in West Texas," by Calvin Trostle (MarchTexas High Plains Supplement to Texas Alfalfa Production Texas Cooperative Extension Bulletin B through puts them near 8 gpm/A. Notes about `Texas Alfalfa Production' B-5017 from Texas Cooperative

  16. txH2O: Volume 5, Number 1 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Water Resources Institute

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    &M University?s Department of Petroleum Engineering, agreed. ?Two of the most critical problems facing Texas, the United States, and indeed the world, are providing adequate energy and ensuring adequate clean water resources for society and doing so in a... cost-effective and environmen- tally responsible manner,? he wrote in a white paper on water and energy. After agricultural production of food, feed, and fiber, energy withdraws the largest amount of freshwater in the United States, accounting...

  17. txH2O: Volume 1, Number 1 (Complete) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Water Resources Institute

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ceremony Rainwater Harvesting An Underutilized Conservation Project Improving Stormwater Quality Radon Concern in the Hickory Aquifer Graduate student assesses radionuclide problem Mexico?s Water DebtStory by Raul L. Garcia M exico released 210,785 acre..., Department of Entomology at Texas A&M University; Allen Knutson, research advisor. ? ?A Decision Support System to Develop Sustainable Groundwater Management Policies for a Multi-County Single Aquifer System,? Muthukumar Kuchanur, Department...

  18. txH2O: Volume 1, Number 1 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Water Resources Institute

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of vegetation, the most impor- tant element in land rehabilitation, can improve the sediment problem. Vegetation protects the soil from damage, and vegeta- tion and soil work together to maintain a nutrient balance. It also acts as a filter to remove sediment.... ? ?Carbon Aerogel Electrodes: Absorption-Desorption and Regeneration Study for Purification of Water,? Sanjay Tewari, Department of Civil Engineering at Texas A&M University; Timothy Kramer, research advisor. ? ?Evaluation of Spatial Hetergeneity...

  19. SCADA system aids BGE`s Notch Cliff propane-air facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, B.A. [Baltimore Gas and Electric Co., MD (United States)

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SCADA systems in the natural gas industry are commonly associated with distribution networks and transmission pipelines. There is however, another application for SCADA technology that is increasingly being utilized in the industry. By implementing automation technology and process control concepts more typically associated with industrial and petrochemical process facilities, Baltimore Gas and Electric Co. (BGE) has significantly improved the efficiency, performance, and safety at its Notch Cliff Propane-Air peak shaving facility. These results have contributed to BGE`s ongoing efforts to effectively operate in the competitive energy marketplace. When the Notch Cliff plant was built in the early 1960s, it was a state-of-the-art facility. The plant blends propane vapor and compressed air to create a supplement to the natural gas supply during peak demand periods.

  20. Experimental and analytical studies of hydrocarbon yields under dry-, steam-, and steam with propane-distillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramirez Garnica, Marco Antonio

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    from Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo (IMP), Dr. Fernando Rodriguez de la Garza, and Dr. Jose Luis Sanchez Bujanos from Petróleos Mexicanos (PEMEX), and Lawyer Rolando Rueda de Leon from Diario de Mexico, for their help and valuable advice. I would...-, and Steam with Propane-Distillation. (May 2004) Marco Antonio Ramírez-Garnica, B.S., Instituto Politécnico Nacional; M.S., Instituto Politécnico Nacional, México Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Daulat D. Mamora Recent experimental and simulation...

  1. Texas Drought Purpose of Brief

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    , Texas Normal Water Level Courtesy of TCEQ #12;Texas Drought Power Generating Plants #12;Texas Drought of generating power is enough to cause rolling blackouts at a MINIMUM. #12;Texas Drought Information Needed on the status of: Refineries Chemical plants #12;Texas Drought The drought in Texas is massive in scale

  2. Michigan residential heating oil and propane price survey: 1995--1996 heating season. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moriarty, C.

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the results of a survey of residential No. 2 distillate fuel (home heating oil) and liquefied petroleum gas (propane) prices over the 1995--1996 heating season in Michigan. The Michigan`s Public Service Commission (MPSC) conducted the survey under a cooperative agreement with the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA). This survey was funded in part by a grant from the DOE. From October 1995 through March 1996, the MPSC surveyed participating distributors by telephone for current residential retail home heating oil and propane prices. The MPSC transmitted the data via a computer modem to the EIA using the Petroleum Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO). Survey results were published in aggregate on the MPSC World Wide Web site at http://ermisweb.state.mi.us/shopp. The page was updated with both residential and wholesale prices immediately following the transmission of the data to the EIA. The EIA constructed the survey using a sample of Michigan home heating oil and propane retailers. The sample accounts for different sales volumes, geographic location, and sources of primary supply.

  3. Texas Nuclear Profile - South Texas Project

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    South Texas Project" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

  4. Reservoir Fracture Mapping using Microearthquakes: Austin Chalk, Giddings Field, TX and 76 Field, Clinton Co., KY.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SPE 36651 Reservoir Fracture Mapping using Microearthquakes: Austin Chalk, Giddings Field, TX and enhanced recovery, production operations in fracture- dominated oil and gas reservoirs. Borehole geophones to study reservoir fracture systems. Methods currently applied to study fracture systems include tilt

  5. Corn Hybrids for Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bockholt, A. J.; Collier, J. W.

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Land resource areas and corn test locations. Discussion of Results e areas affords an opportunity to determine if any Weather conditions were highly differences in adaptation to climatic and general corn production during the 3 soil conditions... usually has a climate for corn production and appr TABLE 6. CORN PERFORMANCE TEST, EAST BERLANDS, 1957-59 Bushels of shelled corn per acre ' Y-1 Kirby- Nacog- Mount Bowie' jr: ville doches Jyk~leasant countv A'! Texas 30 Texas 32 Texas 28 Texas...

  6. Texas Electricity Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lloyd, B.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Texas Electricity Update CATEE 2012 Galveston, Texas Brian Lloyd Executive Director Public Utility Commission of Texas October 10, 2012 1 2 Drought Summary May Reserve Margin Report 3 Demand Growth by Region 4 105? Normal... 917 Firm Load Forecast, MW 65,649 68,403 71,692 73,957 75,360 76,483 CATEE 2012 Questions? Brian H. Lloyd Executive Director Public Utility Commission of Texas 512-936-7040 14 ...

  7. Fertilizing Texas Patures.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trew, E. M.; Bennett, W. F.

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    pounds of N, 45 pounds of P,05 and 165 pounds of K20. These quantities of plant nutrients would not necessarily all have to be added in the form of fertilizer, for some would become available through natural processes of decom- position of organic... Fertilizing Texas Pastures 1- TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION&ERVICE J. E. HUTCHISON. DIRECTOR, COLLEGE STATION, TEXAS [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] Fertilizing Texas Pastures E. M. TREW, Extension Pasture Specialist W. F. BENNETT, Extension...

  8. txH20: Volume 6, Number 2 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Continued Clockwise from top: 1. An oiled Louisiana beach. Photo courtesy of Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. 2. Oil in the boat wake at the Deepwater Horizon site. Photo courtesy of NOAA. 3. Sunset over the Gulf, taken during a NOAA research... entities can install, test, research, and implement the best ideas for sustainable living in the #25;#23;st century,? Rogers said. ?Johnson Controls Inc. will develop a state-of-the-art technology platform to collect and transport data to the ULL...

  9. txH2O: Volume 6, Number 2 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Water Resources Institute

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Continued Clockwise from top: 1. An oiled Louisiana beach. Photo courtesy of Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. 2. Oil in the boat wake at the Deepwater Horizon site. Photo courtesy of NOAA. 3. Sunset over the Gulf, taken during a NOAA research... entities can install, test, research, and implement the best ideas for sustainable living in the #25;#23;st century,? Rogers said. ?Johnson Controls Inc. will develop a state-of-the-art technology platform to collect and transport data to the ULL...

  10. txH2O: Volume 5, Number 1 (Complete) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Water Resources Institute

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    consider water needs 8 I Alternative water sources Desalination model provides life-cycle costs of facility 14 I Engineering water for the world Texas A&M University tackles a water crisis 17 I Turning a negative into a positive Researchers... it comes to water and energy, ?You can?t have one without the other.? Water is needed to produce most energy, and energy is needed to develop and use water. Water is used to extract and process oil, gas, and other fuels, and is an integral part...

  11. West Texas Rain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supercinski, Danielle

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the first in this area. These West Texas demonstrations help promote the systems in the area, said Mike Mecke, Extension water program specialist with TWRI in Far West Texas. ?Rainwater harvesting is of special interest in the drier half of Texas...

  12. A Texas project illustrates the benefits of integrated gasification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Philcox, J. [Praxair Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Fenner, G.W. [Praxair Inc., Tonawanda, NY (United States)

    1997-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Gasification can be an attractive option for converting a variety of petroleum feedstocks to chemicals. Natural gas is commonly sued to produce acetic acid, isocyanates, plastics, and fibers. But low-cost, bottom-of-the-barrel feeds, such as vacuum resid, petroleum coke, and asphaltenes, also can be used. In any case, gasification products include synthesis gas, carbon monoxide, hydrogen, steam, carbon dioxide, and power. The more a gasification facility is integrated with utilities and other non-core operations of a production complex, the more economical the products are for all consumers. The paper discusses gasification of natural gas, light hydrocarbons (ethane, propanes, and butanes), and heavy hydrocarbons (distillates, heavy residues, asphalts, coals, petroleum coke). The paper then describes a Texas City Gasification Project, which gasifies methane to produce carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and alcohol. The plant is integrated with a cogeneration plant. Economics are discussed.

  13. Environmental disaster or just a drop in the bucket: Texas scientists on the real effects of the Deewater Horizon oil spill 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Leslie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Winter 2011 tx H2O 3 or just a drop in thebucket?Texas scientists on the real e#31;ects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill 4 tx H2O Winter 2011 Environmental Disaster Continued What if gasoline pumped into cars, seafood eaten at restaurants... but forgo#27;en as the wreckage of the Deepwater Horizon MC#31;#30;#31; drilling platform sank into its waters. A crude awakening Like any large oil spill, this one took its toll in many ways. Eleven BP employees on the rig died in the explosion...

  14. Environmental disaster or just a drop in the bucket?: Texas scientists on the real effects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Leslie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Winter 2011 tx H2O 3 or just a drop in thebucket?Texas scientists on the real e#31;ects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill 4 tx H2O Winter 2011 Environmental Disaster Continued What if gasoline pumped into cars, seafood eaten at restaurants... but forgo#27;en as the wreckage of the Deepwater Horizon MC#31;#30;#31; drilling platform sank into its waters. A crude awakening Like any large oil spill, this one took its toll in many ways. Eleven BP employees on the rig died in the explosion...

  15. Statewide Electricity and Demand Capacity Savings from the Implementation of IECC Code in Texas: Analysis for Single-Family Residences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.; Lewis, C.; Yazdani, B.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STATEWIDE ELECTRICITY AND DEMAND CAPACITY SAVINGS FROM THE IMPLEMENTATION OF IECC CODE IN TEXAS: ANALYSIS FOR SINGLE?FAMILY RESIDENCES 11th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations New York City, October 18 ? 20, 2011 Hyojin...&M University System Statewide Electricity and Demand Savings from the IECC Code in TX 11th ICEBO Conference Oct. 18 ? 20, 2011 2 Outline Introduction Methodology Base?Case Building Results Summary Statewide Electricity and Demand Savings from the IECC...

  16. Vision North Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walz, K.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , 2011 ? ? FW D 16 County Region for Vision North Texas 5.3M people in 2000; 6.5M in 2010; 9.5M in 2030; 11.7M in 2050 ESL-KT-11-11-18 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 ESL-KT-11-11-18 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 ESL-KT-11..., Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 ESL-KT-11-11-18 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 ESL-KT-11-11-18 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 2030 ?Business as usual? households/acre ESL-KT-11-11-18 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011...

  17. North Texas Undergraduate Psychology Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    ) 2.602 The University of Texas at Dallas 800 West Campbell Road Ricahrdson, Texas 75080 For moreNorth Texas Undergraduate Psychology Research Conference The North Texas Undergraduate Psychology, you will present to faculty, students, and members of the community in the north Texas area

  18. Series 50 propane-fueled Nova bus: Engine development, installation, and field trials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, B.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report describes a project to develop the Detroit Diesel series 50 liquefied propane gas (LPG) heavy-duty engine and to conduct demonstrations of LPG-fuelled buses at selected sites (Halifax Regional Municipality and three sites in the United States). The project included five main elements: Engine development and certification, chassis re-engineering and engine installation, field demonstration, LPG fuel testing, and LPG fuel variability testing. Lessons learned with regard to engine design and other issues are discussed, and recommendations are made for further development and testing.

  19. U.S. Natural Gas Supplemental Gas - Propane Air (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year Jan Feb MarDecade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3OtherPropane

  20. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan School Buses Get Rolling on Propane

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative Fuels CleanReduce OperatingPropane inMichigan School

  1. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Rolls on as Reliable Fleet Fuel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWP RelatedCellulaseFuels andConversionsAssumptionsBenefitsPropane

  2. Winter fuels report, week ending February 12, 1993. [Contains Glossary and feature article on Midwest Propane Markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The Winter Fuels Report is intended to provide concise, timely information to the industry, the press, policymakers, consumers, analysts, and State and local governments on the following topics: Distillate fuel oil net production, imports and stocks on a US level and for all Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts (PADD) and product supplied on a US level; propane net production, imports and stocks on a US level and for PADD's 1, II, and III; natural gas supply and disposition and underground storage for the US and consumption for all PADD'S; as well as selected National average prices. Residential and wholesale pricing data for heating oil and propane for those States participating in the joint Energy Information Administration (EIA)/State Heating Oil and Propane Program; selected cities; and a 6--10 Day, 30-Day, and 90-Day outlook for temperature and precipitation and US total heating degree-days by city.

  3. Combustion: What is the Lower Heating Value (LHV) of Propane? Before we start: how reasonable is the use of the LHV? What is the dewpoint of the reaction products?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Combustion: What is the Lower Heating Value (LHV) of Propane? Before we start: how reasonable temperature we can achieve with a propane-and-air blowtorch? We repeat this calculation for several different

  4. 1. Report No. FHWA/TX-11/0-6395-TI-2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Code 7. Author(s) David Ellis, Brianne Glover, Nicolas Norboge, and Yuan Zhi 8. Performing Organization Scientist Texas Transportation Institute Brianne Glover, J.D. Assistant Transportation Researcher Texas

  5. Analysis of ignition behavior in a turbocharged direct injection dual fuel engine using propane and methane as primary fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polk, A. C.; Gibson, C. M.; Shoemaker, N. T.; Srinivasan, K. K.; Krishnan, S. R.

    2011-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents experimental analyses of the ignition delay (ID) behavior for diesel-ignited propane and diesel-ignited methane dual fuel combustion. Two sets of experiments were performed at a constant speed (1800 rev/min) using a 4-cylinder direct injection diesel engine with the stock ECU and a wastegated turbocharger. First, the effects of fuel-air equivalence ratios (���© pilot �¢���¼ 0.2-0.6 and ���© overall �¢���¼ 0.2-0.9) on IDs were quantified. Second, the effects of gaseous fuel percent energy substitution (PES) and brake mean effective pressure (BMEP) (from 2.5 to 10 bar) on IDs were investigated. With constant ���© pilot (> 0.5), increasing ���© overall with propane initially decreased ID but eventually led to premature propane autoignition; however, the corresponding effects with methane were relatively minor. Cyclic variations in the start of combustion (SOC) increased with increasing ���© overall (at constant ���© pilot), more significantly for propane than for methane. With increasing PES at constant BMEP, the ID showed a nonlinear (initially increasing and later decreasing) trend at low BMEPs for propane but a linearly decreasing trend at high BMEPs. For methane, increasing PES only increased IDs at all BMEPs. At low BMEPs, increasing PES led to significantly higher cyclic SOC variations and SOC advancement for both propane and methane. Finally, the engine ignition delay (EID) was also shown to be a useful metric to understand the influence of ID on dual fuel combustion.

  6. The catalytic oxidation of propane and propylene with air: total aldehyde production and selectivity at low conversions. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Looney, Franklin Sittig

    1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~ Ths writer is izntebteg to pr, P G~ ~och Tor his assistance azsi guidance in this work aC to Br~ J+ 9 Kinds Tor his aery. suggestions eel Succor~ a The oxidation cf propane~ propylene and prcya~cregyimm mbetccres ctver a ~ aiucdna ~st in a flew... formation of aldehyde fran pure grade propane The ~ce of Within the range of variables of this investigation and with propylene ~& aldehyde pr~cn was f'ennd to bs independent of" residence Qorrcgations relating aldehyde pressure to ~ and cncygsn pressure...

  7. State Heating Oil and Propane Program, 1990--1991 heating season. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The following discussion summarizes the survey approach and results of the Department of Public Service`s survey of retail fuel oil and propane prices during the 1990--91 heating season. The semi-monthly phone surveys were conducted in cooperation with the US Department of Energy`s State Fuel Oil and Propane Program, which coordinated surveys of heating fuel prices by 25 eastern and midwest states. This federal/state program serves as a method for fast collection, analysis, and dissemination of information on current residential prices. No other information source meets needs for timely retail price information over the course of the heating season. For the 1990--91 heating season, the Minnesota Department of Public Service (MN/DPS) expanded the scope of its survey effort to include regional price data. Surveys were conducted with 160 retailers, including 59 respondents from the DOE samples, to provide a reasonable sample size for each region. Fuel oil retailers were also asked for updates on their secondary inventory levels.

  8. State Heating Oil and Propane Program, 1990--1991 heating season

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The following discussion summarizes the survey approach and results of the Department of Public Service's survey of retail fuel oil and propane prices during the 1990--91 heating season. The semi-monthly phone surveys were conducted in cooperation with the US Department of Energy's State Fuel Oil and Propane Program, which coordinated surveys of heating fuel prices by 25 eastern and midwest states. This federal/state program serves as a method for fast collection, analysis, and dissemination of information on current residential prices. No other information source meets needs for timely retail price information over the course of the heating season. For the 1990--91 heating season, the Minnesota Department of Public Service (MN/DPS) expanded the scope of its survey effort to include regional price data. Surveys were conducted with 160 retailers, including 59 respondents from the DOE samples, to provide a reasonable sample size for each region. Fuel oil retailers were also asked for updates on their secondary inventory levels.

  9. Effects of Propane/Natural Gas Blended Fuels on Gas Turbine Pollutant Emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Straub, D.L.; Ferguson, D.H.; Casleton, K.H.; Richards, G.A.

    2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) imports to the U.S. are expected to grow significantly over the next 10-15 years. Likewise, it is expected that changes to the domestic gas supply may also introduce changes in natural gas composition. As a result of these anticipated changes, the composition of fuel sources may vary significantly from conventional domestic natural gas supplies. This paper will examine the effects of fuel variability on pollutant emissions for premixed gas turbine conditions. The experimental data presented in this paper have been collected from a pressurized single injector combustion test rig at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). The tests are conducted at 7.5 atm with a 588 K air preheat. A propane blending facility is used to vary the Wobbe Index of the site natural gas. The results indicate that propane addition of about five (vol.) percent does not lead to a significant change in the observed NOx or CO emissions. These results are different from data collected on some engine applications and potential reasons for these differences will be described.

  10. Comparison of propane and methane performance and emissions in a turbocharged direct injection dual fuel engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gibson, C. M.; Polk, A. C.; Shoemaker, N. T.; Srinivasan, K. K.; Krishnan, S. R.

    2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    With increasingly restrictive NO x and particulate matter emissions standards, the recent discovery of new natural gas reserves, and the possibility of producing propane efficiently from biomass sources, dual fueling strategies have become more attractive. This paper presents experimental results from dual fuel operation of a four-cylinder turbocharged direct injection (DI) diesel engine with propane or methane (a natural gas surrogate) as the primary fuel and diesel as the ignition source. Experiments were performed with the stock engine control unit at a constant speed of 1800 rpm, and a wide range of brake mean effective pressures (BMEPs) (2.7-11.6 bars) and percent energy substitutions (PESs) of C 3 H 8 and CH 4. Brake thermal efficiencies (BTEs) and emissions (NO x, smoke, total hydrocarbons (THCs), CO, and CO 2) were measured. Maximum PES levels of about 80-95% with CH 4 and 40-92% with C 3 H 8 were achieved. Maximum PES was limited by poor combustion efficiencies and engine misfire at low loads for both C 3 H 8 and CH 4, and the onset of knock above 9 bar BMEP for C 3 H 8. While dual fuel BTEs were lower than straight diesel BTEs at low loads, they approached diesel BTE values at high loads. For dual fuel operation, NO x and smoke reductions (from diesel values) were as high as 66-68% and 97%, respectively, but CO and THC emissions were significantly higher with increasing PES at all engine loads

  11. Production of olefins by oxidative dehydrogenation of propane and butane over monoliths at short contact times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huff, M.; Schmidt, L.D. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)] [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The autothermal production of olefins from propane or n-butane by oxidative dehydrogenation and cracking in air or oxygen at atmospheric pressure over noble metal coated ceramic foam monoliths at contact times of {approximately}5 milliseconds has been studied. On Pt, synthesis gas (CO and H{sub 2}) dominates near its stoichiometry, while olefin production dominates at higher fuel-to-oxygen ratios. No carbon buildup is observed, and catalysts exhibit no deactivation over at least several days. On Rh, primarily synthesis gas is produced under these conditions, while on Pd, carbon deposition rapidly deactivates the catalyst. The authors observed up to 65% selectivity to olefins at nearly 100% conversion of propane or n-butane with a catalyst contact time of 5 ms. Ethylene selectivity is maximized by increasing the reaction temperature, either by preheating the reactants or by using oxygen enriched air. Propylene selectivity is maximized by lower temperature and shorter catalyst contact time. Very small amounts alkanes and higher molecular weight species are obtained, suggesting that a homogeneous pyrolysis mechanism is not occurring. A very simple reaction mechanism appears to explain the observed product distribution. Reactions are initiated by oxidative dehydrogenation of the alkane by adsorbed oxygen to form a surface alkyl. On Pt, {beta}-hydrogen and {beta}-alkyl elimination reactions of adsorbed alkyl dominate which lead to olefin production rather than cracking to C{sub s} and H{sub s}. 24 refs., 14 figs., 4 tabs.

  12. Purchasing in Texas Counties.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hervey, E. J.; Bradshaw, H. C.

    1944-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from every standpoint. As long as it continues, the purchasing power of the county dollar is sub- stantially reduced, for each company and individual must discount the county's warrants. In these counties, the necessity of developing and maintaining...8 r3' L \\, & #5, CnLpL"; 3' --%I k? TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, Director College Station, Texas BULLETIN NO. 653 JULY 1944 PURCHASING IN TEXAS COUNTIES H. C. BRADSEAW and E. J, HERVEY Division of Farm and Ranch...

  13. Corn Production in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collier, Jesse W. (Jesse Wilton); Rogers, John S. (John Sinclair)

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    during wet seasons, and they may cause appreciable damage each year in the more humid sections. Hybrids such as Texas 24 and 30, which possess some resistance, shorrld be used where diseases and i~sects are a serious problem. The Texas hybrid corn... in this bulletin and recommendations are given for corn production in the different areas of the ' State. Numerous diseases and insects attack corn in Texas and are responsible for considerable damage to the crop. These organisms are especiallv prevalent...

  14. Flax in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkins, Irvin Milburn

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    grown at both Jamestown, Virginia, and Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts. The Commonwealth of Virginia offered a bounty for the production of fiber flax in 1658, and England offered special inducements to the colonists to produce flax fiber for the mother... Agricultural agent at Victoria, Texas to P. C. Mangelsdorf, Texas Agngncultural Experiment Station, College Station, Texas. 5 Experiment Substation No. 3 at Troup. Eight 16-foot rows were seeded every 2 weeks from November through March 1. Yields of 7...

  15. Published in Journal de Physique IV, vol 11, pp. Pr3-101 ---Pr3-108 Kinetic modelling of gas-phase decomposition of propane : correlation with pyrocarbon deposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    -phase decomposition of propane : correlation with pyrocarbon deposition Cédric Descamps, Gerard L. Vignoles , Olivier : A chemical kinetic model for gas-phase pyrolysis of propane has been set up, partially reduced, and validated the notion of "maturation" from propane to lighter hydrocarbons, then to aromatic compounds and PAHs. The gas

  16. Corn Hybrids for Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, J. S.; Bockholt, A. J.; Collier, J. W.

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - Corn Hybrid$ for . ;mE Tgmt 4.College Sta. 9Sulphw Spgr. @.Holland l9.GreenviUe 24Stephmville 5.Kibyvilb IO.(;brkrvilb B.Tanpb 20Mm 25.Chilkothe TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIC R. D. LEWIS. DIRECTOR, COLLEGE STATION, TEXAS DIGEST... - . Corn hybrids were planted on 81 percent of the Texas corn acreage in 1956. Most of this acreage was devoted to hybrids developed and released by the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. These hybrids usually outyield open-pollinated varieties by 20...

  17. Gas Production Tax (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A tax of 7.5 percent of the market value of natural gas produced in the state of Texas is imposed on every producer of gas.

  18. Texas Crop Profile: Onions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Kent D.; Holloway, Rodney L.; Smith, Dudley

    2000-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This profile of onion production in Texas gives an overview of basic commodity information; discusses insect, disease and weed pests; and covers cultural and chemical control methods....

  19. Municipal Utility Districts (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Municipal Utility Districts, regulated by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, may be created for the following purposes: (1) the control, storage, preservation, and distribution of its...

  20. Corn Hybrids for Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, J. S.; McAfee, T. E.

    1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hybrid, was superior to all othey hybrids in freedom from root lodging. Watsrr 124, Keystone 222, Texas 24, Funk G711 an( Texas 30 were superior to other yellow hybrid\\ in resistance to root lodging. Texas 15W agair Angleton Lake Charles clay... degrees of damage. hybrids in resistance to stalk breakage. Ic.\\db L4, Texas 30 and Watson 124 were the I :ellow hybrids most resistant to stalk breakage. 3nk G711 and Keystone 222 were especially ' :u~eeptible to stalk breakage. a Growers who plan...

  1. A simulation study of steam and steam-propane injection using a novel smart horizontal producer to enhance oil production 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandoval Munoz, Jorge Eduardo

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A 3D 8-component thermal compositional simulation study has been performed to evaluate the merits of steam-propane injection and a novel vertical-smart horizontal well system for the Lombardi reservoir in the San Ardo field, California. The novel...

  2. High-temperature ignition of propane with MTBE as an additive: Shock-tube experiments and modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, J.A. (Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States)); Westbrook, C.K. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ignition of propane has been studied in a shock tube and by computational modeling to determine the effect of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) as a fuel additive. MTBE and isobutene were added in amounts up to 25% of the fuel to propane-oxygen-argon mixtures in shock-tube experiments covering a range of temperatures between 1450 and 1800 K. Ignition delays were measured from chemiluminescence at 432 nm due to excited CH radicals. The temperature dependence of the ignition rates was analyzed to yield Arrhenius parameters of E{sub a}{approximately}40 kcal/mol and log (A){approximately} 9.0 sec{sup {minus}1} for the overall reaction. Reactions involving MTBE and its decomposition products were combined with an established propane mechanism in a numerical model to describe the kinetic interaction of this additive with a typical hydrocarbon fuel. The experiments and the kinetic model both show that MTBE and isobutene retard propane ignition with nearly equal efficiency. The kinetic model demonstrates that isobutene kinetics are responsible for inhibition by both MTBE and isobutene, and the specific elementary reactions which produce this behavior are identified.

  3. High-temperature ignition of propane with MTBE as an additive: Shock-tube experiments and modeling. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, J.A. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States); Westbrook, C.K. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ignition of propane has been studied in a shock tube and by computational modeling to determine the effect of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) as a fuel additive. MTBE and isobutene were added to amounts up to 25% of the fuel to propane-oxygen-argon mixtures to shock-tube experiments covering a range of temperatures between 1450 and 1800 K. Ignition delays were measured from chemiluminescence at 432 nm due to excited CH radicals. The temperature dependence of the ignition rates was analyzed to yield Arrhenium parameters of E{sub a}{sup {minus}}40 kcal/mol and log(A) {sup {minus}}9.0 sec{sup {minus}1} for the overall reaction. Reactions involving MTBE and its decomposition products were combined with an established propane mechanism in a numerical model to describe the kinetic interaction of this additive with a typical hydrocarbon fuel. The experiments and the kinetic model both show that MTBE and isobutene retard propane ignition with nearly equal efficiency. The kinetic model demonstrates that isobutene kinetics are responsible for inhibition by both MTBE and isobutene, and the specific elementary reactions which produce this behavior are identified. 19 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

  4. High-temperature ignition of propane with MTBE as an additive: Shock-tube experiments and modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, J.A. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States); Westbrook, C.K. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Ignition of propane has been studied in a shock tube and by computational modeling to determine the effect of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) as a fuel additive. MTBE and isobutene were added in amounts up to 25% of the fuel to propane-oxygen-argon mixtures in shock-tube experiments covering a range of temperatures between 1450 and 1800 K. Ignition delays were measured from chemiluminescence at 432 nm due to excited CH radicals. The temperature dependence of the ignition rates was analyzed to yield Arrhenius parameters of E{sub a}{approximately}40 kcal/mol and log (A){approximately} 9.0 sec{sup {minus}1} for the overall reaction. Reactions involving MTBE and its decomposition products were combined with an established propane mechanism in a numerical model to describe the kinetic interaction of this additive with a typical hydrocarbon fuel. The experiments and the kinetic model both show that MTBE and isobutene retard propane ignition with nearly equal efficiency. The kinetic model demonstrates that isobutene kinetics are responsible for inhibition by both MTBE and isobutene, and the specific elementary reactions which produce this behavior are identified.

  5. High-temperature ignition of propane with MTBE as an additive: Shock-tube experiments and modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, J.A. (Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States)); Westbrook, C.K. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States))

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ignition of propane has been studied in a shock tube and by computational modeling to determine the effect of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) as a fuel additive. MTBE and isobutene were added to amounts up to 25% of the fuel to propane-oxygen-argon mixtures to shock-tube experiments covering a range of temperatures between 1450 and 1800 K. Ignition delays were measured from chemiluminescence at 432 nm due to excited CH radicals. The temperature dependence of the ignition rates was analyzed to yield Arrhenium parameters of E{sub a}{sup {minus}}40 kcal/mol and log(A) {sup {minus}}9.0 sec{sup {minus}1} for the overall reaction. Reactions involving MTBE and its decomposition products were combined with an established propane mechanism in a numerical model to describe the kinetic interaction of this additive with a typical hydrocarbon fuel. The experiments and the kinetic model both show that MTBE and isobutene retard propane ignition with nearly equal efficiency. The kinetic model demonstrates that isobutene kinetics are responsible for inhibition by both MTBE and isobutene, and the specific elementary reactions which produce this behavior are identified. 19 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

  6. Optimized design of a heat exchanger for an air-to-water reversible heat pump working with propane (R290)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández de Córdoba, Pedro

    Optimized design of a heat exchanger for an air-to-water reversible heat pump working with propane-to-water reversible heat pump unit was carried out using two different fin-and-tube heat exchanger ``coil'' designs concepts. The performance of the heat pump was evaluated for each coil design at different superheat

  7. Effect of propane-air on NGVs and vehicle fueling stations. Topical report, January 1-October 1, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liss, W.E.; Moulton, D.S.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Propane-air (P/A) peakshaving is an important element of peak-load management for some U.S. gas utilities. P/A is used as a supplemental energy medium with natural gas and has been shown to operate satisfactorily in most natural gas applications. The propane levels injected are compatible with the pressures (under 200 psig) and temperatures (over 40 F) found in utility distribution networks. However, P/A can create problems for natural gas vehicles (NGVs) operating on compressed gas as well as NGV fueling stations. This report contains information on P/A peakshaving and its compatibility with NGVs by documenting condensation impacts at nine conditions--i.e., three propane levels and three temperatures. These data portray the depressurization of a vehicle tank, an area selected because it illustrates NGV operation and can discriminate between acceptable and potentially non-acceptable operating points. These analyses show, not surprisingly, a correlation exists between propane level, ambient temperature, and condensation.

  8. The University of Texas at Dallas Texas Hazardous Communication Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    The University of Texas at Dallas Texas Hazardous Communication Act Handbook #12;TEXAS HAZARDOUS IV. Texas Hazard Communication Act Exemptions V. Implementation A. Employee Rights Under the Act Explanation IX. Written Hazard Communication Program A. Manufacturers' Labels and Other Forms of Warning B

  9. Alfalfa Production Texas High Plains/Far West Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    Alfalfa Production Texas High Plains/Far West Texas Calvin Trostle Extension Agronomy, Lubbock 806.746.6101 ctrostle@ag.tamu.edu #12;Observations in West Texas · Our best alfalfa producers don't have a massive farm for sound, timely production practices · Lots of water! #12;Current West Texas Problems · Misunderstanding

  10. Texas Tech University MUSEUM OF TEXAS TECH UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelfond, Michael

    remains related to West Texas area. · Increase the range of specimens in the Natural Science CollectionTexas Tech University 11/25/08 1 MUSEUM OF TEXAS TECH UNIVERSITY STRATEGIC PLAN MISSION STATEMENT The Museum of Texas Tech University, as an education resource for a diverse audience, collects, researches

  11. Studies of n-Propanol, iso-Propanol, and Propane Flames

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veloo, Peter S.; Egolfopoulos, Fokion N.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The phenomena of propagation and extinction of flames of saturated C{sub 3} alcohols and propane were studied experimentally and numerically in order to assess the effects of the presence and location of the hydroxyl radical in the fuel molecular structure. The experiments were carried out in the counterflow configuration under atmospheric pressure and for unreacted fuel-carrying stream temperature of 343 K. The simulations included detailed descriptions of molecular transport and chemical kinetics using a recently developed kinetic model for C{sub 3} alcohols. The experimental results revealed that the laminar flame speeds and extinction strain rates of n-propanol/air and propane/air flames are close to each other whereas those of iso-propanol/air flames are consistently lower. Similar behavior was observed also for the extinction strain rates of non-premixed n-propanol and iso-propanol flames. It was shown through sensitivity and reaction path analyses that there are two major differences between the intermediates of n-propanol/air and iso-propanol/air flames. In iso-propanol/air flames there are notably higher concentrations of propene whose consumption pathway results in the relatively unreactive allyl radicals, retarding thus the overall reactivity. In n-propanol/air flames there are notably higher concentrations of formaldehyde that reacts readily to form formyl radicals whose subsequent reactions enhance the overall reactivity. The kinetic model used in this study was found to overpredict the experimental results for rich n-propanol/air and propane/air flames. Analysis revealed that those discrepancies are most likely caused by deficiencies in the C{sub 3} alkane kinetics. Through sensitivity analysis, it was determined also that the propagation and extinction of n-propanol/air and iso-propanol/air flames are sensitive largely to hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and C{sub 1}–C{sub 3} kinetics and not to fuel-specific reactions. Finally, the relative sooting propensities of flames of these three fuels were assessed computationally.

  12. Effect of catalyst structure on oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane and propane on alumina-supported vanadia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Argyle, Morris D.; Chen, Kaidong; Bell, Alexis T.; Iglesia, Enrique

    2001-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The catalytic properties of Al2O3-supported vanadia with a wide range of VOx surface density (1.4-34.2 V/nm2) and structure were examined for the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane and propane. UV-visible and Raman spectra showed that vanadia is dispersed predominantly as isolated monovanadate species below {approx}2.3 V/nm2. As surface densities increase, two-dimensional polyvanadates appear (2.3-7.0 V/nm2) along with increasing amounts of V2O5 crystallites at surface densities above 7.0 V/nm2. The rate constant for oxidative dehydrogenation (k1) and its ratio with alkane and alkene combustion (k2/k1 and k3/k1, respectively) were compared for both alkane reactants as a function of vanadia surface density. Propene formation rates (per V-atom) are {approx}8 times higher than ethene formation rates at a given reaction temperature, but the apparent ODH activation energies (E1) are similar for the two reactants and relatively insensitive to vanadia surface density. Ethene and propene formation rates (per V-atom) are strongly influenced by vanadia surface density and reach a maximum value at intermediate surface densities ({approx}8 V/nm2). The ratio of k2/k1 depends weakly on reaction temperature, indicating that activation energies for alkane combustion and ODH reactions are similar. The ratio of k2/k1 is independent of surface density for ethane, but increase slightly with vanadia surface density for propane, suggesting that isolated structures prevalent at low surface densities are slightly more selective for alkane dehydrogenation reactions. The ratio of k3/k1 decreases markedly with increasing reaction temperature for both ethane and propane ODH. Thus, the apparent activation energy for alkene combustion (E3) is much lower than that for alkane dehydrogenation (E1) and the difference between these two activation energies decreases with increasing surface density. The lower alkene selectivities observed at high vanadia surface densities are attributed to an increase in alkene adsorption enthalpies with increasing vanadia surface density. The highest yield of alkene is obtained for catalysts containing predominantly isolated monovanadate species and operated at high temperatures that avoid homogeneous reactions (< {approx} 800 K).

  13. Rainwater Harvesting in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kniffen, Billy

    2008-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    As the population of Texas grows, so does the state's need for water. Rainwater harvesting is one way to keep up with the demand. Rainwater Harvesting in Texas gives residents information on how to collect rainwater for their own uses. 1 photo, 1...

  14. Texas Fever (Third Report). 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francis, M. (Mark)

    1908-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and State Feed Inspector ............................ AT. FRANCIS .......... Veterinarian .............................. .......... 0. Al. BALL.. .Botanist G. S. FRAPS.. ......... .......................... : ..... Chemist..., Texas. Reports and bulletins are sent free upon application to the Director. TEXAS FEVER DUUlt: of hi$ and t tion, . - 7, become that fe occurs If n:als degre by el Tf +hi (Third Report.) BY M. FRANCIS, Veterinarian Twenty years ago...

  15. Stanford University Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Exploiting Partial Channel Knowledge at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulraj, Arogyaswami

    Stanford University Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Exploiting Partial Channel Knowledge at the Transmitter in MISO and MIMO Wireless SPAWC 2003 Rome, Italy June 18 Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Outline Introduction · Perfect CSI

  16. Introduction to Texas A&M University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boas, Harold P.

    University (Laredo) · Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi · Texas A&M University-Kingsville · West Texas AIntroduction to Texas A&M University Michael Benedik, Ph.D. Dean of Faculties and Associate Provost Regents Professor of Biology #12;The Texas A&M System · Texas A&M is a member of The Texas A&M University

  17. A Methodology for Calculating Integrated Nox Emissions Reduction from Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Programs Across State Agencies in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilman, D.; Yazdani, B.; Haberl, J. S.; Liu, Z.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Culp, C.; Kim, S.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Im, P.

    S D INTEGRATED NOx SAVINGS: Commercial Savings and Projections • Commercial: new construction in office, assembly, education, retail, food, lodging and warehouse construction as defined by Dodge building type, using energy savings from the PNNL... Office (SECO), 2007, available at: http://www.seco.cpa.state.tx.us/ USDOE 2005. Analysis of Texas Code Adoption Analysis: Lighting Requirement, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), U.S.D.O.E., Washington, D.C. 9 Table 1: Final...

  18. 10 things to know about water and the 83rd Texas Legislature: A brief primer on water issues in the current legislative session 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Leslie

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , regional and local entities in addressing it; drought?s impact on the state water plan and strategies for the state to deal with drought ? the water-energy nexus in the state ? desalination projects in Texas, including brackish groundwater desalination...8 tx H2O Winter 2013 Story by Leslie Lee #19;. #31;e interim charges given to the Senate Commi#20;ee on Natural Resources also involved studying the following water issues: ? impediments to implementation of the state water plan...

  19. Texas Phosphorus Index TECHNICAL NOTES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    for West Texas, see Figure 1. NRCS and Extension Service specialists in Texas developed the P indicesTexas Phosphorus Index TECHNICAL NOTES U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE TEXAS Revised December, 2012 AGRONOMY TECHNICAL NOTE NUMBER ­ 15 PHOSPHORUS ASSESSMENT

  20. Cross sections for electron scattering by propane in the low- and intermediate-energy ranges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Souza, G. L. C. de; Lee, M.-T.; Sanches, I. P.; Rawat, P.; Iga, I.; Santos, A. S. dos; Machado, L. E.; Sugohara, R. T.; Brescansin, L. M.; Homem, M. G. P.; Lucchese, R. R. [Departamento de Quimica, UFSCar, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica, UFSCar, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica 'Gleb Wataghin', UNICAMP, 13083-970 Campinas, SP (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica, UFSC, 88010-970 Florianopolis, SC (Brazil); Department of Chemistry, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 7784-3255 (United States)

    2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a joint theoretical-experimental study on electron scattering by propane (C{sub 3}H{sub 8}) in the low- and intermediate-energy ranges. Calculated elastic differential, integral, and momentum transfer as well as total (elastic + inelastic) and total absorption cross sections are reported for impact energies ranging from 2 to 500 eV. Also, experimental absolute elastic cross sections are reported in the 40- to 500-eV energy range. A complex optical potential is used to represent the electron-molecule interaction dynamics. A theoretical method based on the single-center-expansion close-coupling framework and corrected by the Pade approximant is used to solve the scattering equations. The experimental angular distributions of the scattered electrons are converted to absolute cross sections using the relative flow technique. The comparison of our calculated with our measured results, as well as with other experimental and theoretical data available in the literature, is encouraging.

  1. LIQUID PROPANE GAS (LPG) STORAGE AREA BOILING LIQUID EXPANDING VAPOR EXPLOSION (BLEVE) ANALYSIS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PACE, M.E.

    2004-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The PHA and the FHAs for the SWOC MDSA (HNF-14741) identified multiple accident scenarios in which vehicles powered by flammable gases (e.g., propane), or combustible or flammable liquids (e.g., gasoline, LPG) are involved in accidents that result in an unconfined vapor cloud explosion (UVCE) or in a boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion (BLEVE), respectively. These accident scenarios are binned in the Bridge document as FIR-9 scenarios. They are postulated to occur in any of the MDSA facilities. The LPG storage area will be in the southeast corner of CWC that is relatively remote from store distaged MAR. The location is approximately 30 feet south of MO-289 and 250 feet east of 2401-W by CWC Gate 10 in a large staging area for unused pallets and equipment.

  2. NATASHA S. VITEK 2 November 2012 The University of Texas at Austin, Jackson School of Geosciences, Austin, TX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    feather from the Middle Eocene Messel Oil Shale. Paläontologische Zeitschrift. Danilov, I.G., and Vitek, N

  3. Measurements and G-Subsets of Domains Harold Bennett, Mathematics Department, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutzer, David J.

    of measurements. We use a space created by D.K. Burke to show that there is a Scott domain P for which max(P in the literature asserting that [0, 1) is a space of this type. We show that if P is a Scott domain and X max(P-subset of P, where P is a domain but perhaps not a Scott domain, then X is domain-representable, first

  4. Synthesis and Characterization of Gold Clusters Ligated with 1,3-Bis(dicyclohexylphosphino)propane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Grant E.; Priest, Thomas A.; Laskin, Julia

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this multidisciplinary study we combine chemical reduction synthesis of novel gold clusters in solution with high-resolution analytical mass spectrometry (MS) to gain insight into the composition of the gold clusters and how their size, ionic charge state and ligand substitution influences their gas-phase fragmentation pathways. Ultra small cationic gold clusters ligated with 1,3-bis(dicyclohexylphosphino)propane (DCPP) were synthesized for the first time and introduced into the gas phase using electrospray ionization (ESI). Mass-selected cluster ions were fragmented employing collision induced dissociation (CID) and the product ions were analysed using MS. The solutions were found to contain the multiply charged cationic gold clusters Au9L43+, Au13L53+, Au6L32+, Au8L32+ and Au10L42+ (L = DCPP). The gas-phase fragmentation pathways of these cluster ions were examined systematically employing CID combined with MS. In addition, CID experiments were performed on related gold clusters of the same size and ionic charge state but capped with 1,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane (DPPP) ligands containing phenyl functional groups at the two phosphine centers instead of cyclohexane rings. It is shown that this relatively small change in the molecular substitution of the two phosphine centers in diphosphine ligands (C6H11 versus C6H5) exerts a pronounced influence on the size of the species that are preferentially formed in solution during reduction synthesis as well as the gas-phase fragmentation channels of otherwise identical gold cluster ions. The mass spectrometry results indicate that in addition to the length of the alkyl chain between the two phosphine centers, the substituents at the phosphine centers also play a crucial role in determining the composition, size and stability of diphosphine ligated gold clusters synthesized in solution.

  5. ACM SIGGRAPH 2002, San Antonio, TX Modeling the Accumulation of Wind-Driven Snow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, James F.

    ACM SIGGRAPH 2002, San Antonio, TX Modeling the Accumulation of Wind-Driven Snow Technical Sketch of snow drifts formed by the accumulation of wind-blown snow near buildings and other obstacles. Our method combines previous work on snow accumulation [Fearing] with techniques for incompressible fluid

  6. WIND ENERGY HOW MUCH AND WHAT PRICE? NSTA SAN ANTONIO, TX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collar, Juan I.

    WIND ENERGY ­ HOW MUCH AND WHAT PRICE? NSTA ­ SAN ANTONIO, TX Last Updated 04/14/13 DESCRIPTION this then extractable and transferable to the electrical grid. To understand how much power (energy per unit time household fan, the windmill's turbines will rotate. #12;Suggested questions or activities: 1. Does

  7. Fertilizers for Rice in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, E. B. (Elbert Brunner); Wyche, R. H. (Robert Henry)

    1929-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LIBRARY, CAMPUS. TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION 1 BULLETIN NO. 398 , DIVISION OF AGRONOMY FERTILIZERS FOR RICE IN TEXAS GRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. \\\\TALTON, President STATION DMINISTRATION: A. B. CONNER, M. S... of Agriculture. ***Tm n,,nn-n+;,n "4th thm Cphnnl nf Aon~l~lt~lrp Experiments with fertilizers on rice at Substation No. 4, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Beaumont, Texas, show that the soils responded to nitrogen and phosphoric acid, but nitrogen...

  8. 4-70C Propane (molar mass = 44.1 kg/kmol) poses a greater fire danger than methane (molar mass = 16 kg/kmol) since propane is heavier than air (molar mass = 29 kg/kmol), and it will settle near the floor.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    4-36 Ideal Gas 4-70C Propane (molar mass = 44.1 kg/kmol) poses a greater fire danger than methane (molar mass = 16 kg/kmol) since propane is heavier than air (molar mass = 29 kg/kmol), and it will settle MATERIAL. © 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers

  9. Compression station key to Texas pipeline project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This was probably the largest pipeline project in the US last year, and the largest in Texas in the last decade. The new compressor station is a key element in this project. TECO, its servicing dealer, and compression packager worked closely throughout the planning and installation stages of the project. To handle the amount of gas required, TECO selected the GEMINI F604-1 compressor, a four-throw, single-stage unit with a six-inch stroke manufactured by Weatherford Enterra Compression Co. (WECC) in Corpus Christi, TX. TECO also chose WECC to package the compressors. Responsibility for ongoing support of the units will be shared among TECO, the service dealer and the packager. TECO is sending people to be trained by WECC, and because the G3600 family of engines is still relatively new, both the Caterpillar dealer and WECC sent people for advanced training at Caterpillar facilities in Peoria, IL. As part of its service commitment to TECO, the servicing dealer drew up a detailed product support plan, encompassing these five concerns: Training, tooling; parts support; service support; and commissioning.

  10. Corn Hybrids for Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, J. S.; McAfee, T. E.

    1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Corn Hybrids for Terns ST LOCATIONS AREA I AREA II ARE4 Ill AREA IV 2Prdrie View 7.Tylw lZ.Lockhart 17.Waxahachie 22San Antonio 3.Cleveland 8.Mt. Pbctont I3Brsnha B.Garland 23Lamposas 4.Colbqe Sta. 9Sulphw Spp. 14Holland l9.0reenvilb 24...Stephenville ,J* 5.K'rbyvilb I0.Cbrkdb 15.Tanpk 2ODetiion 25.Wllothe TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION R. D. LEWIS. DIRECTOR, COLLEGE STATION, TEXAS DIGEST The Texas corn acreage planted to hybrids increased from less than 1 percent of the total acrea...

  11. TX TX TX TX TX TX TX TX TX OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK LA LA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    areas. Movment within shaded areas may also be regulated. Updated January 9, 2002 Puerto Rico United States Department of Agriculture - Animal and Plant Health Inspection...

  12. Texas Bentonites as Amendments of Aflatoxin-Contaminated Poultry Feed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrientos Velazquez, Ana Luisa

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    of the clays. Detailed mineralogy analyses were conducted on these two samples (4TX and 1TX) after size fractionation. Clay 4TX and 1TX contained 87 percent and 65 percent clay, respectively. Smectite was the dominant mineral phase in both clay fractions...

  13. Greater West Texas State Employee Charitable Campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    together we changed lives Greater West Texas State Employee Charitable Campaign 2012 Annual Report campaign information 2012 Local Employee Committee Darcy Pollock (Chair), Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center David Abercia, Texas Tech University Dianah Ascencio, Texas Department of Transportation

  14. Experimental study of enhancement of injectivity and in-situ oil upgrading by steam-propane injection for the Hamaca heavy oil field 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivero Diaz, Jose Antonio

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiments were conducted to study the feasibility of using propane as a steam additive to accelerate oil production and improve steam injectivity in the Hamaca field, Venezuela. The experiments utilized a vertical injection cell into which a...

  15. Use of a thermodynamic cycle simulation to determine the difference between a propane-fuelled engine and an iso-octane-fuelled engine 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pathak, Dushyant

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    the engine cycle simulation to determine the difference between a propane-fuelled and an iso-octane-fuelled engine for the same operating conditions and engine specifications. A comprehensive parametric investigation was conducted to examine the effects...

  16. Experimental study of enhancement of injectivity and in-situ oil upgrading by steam-propane injection for the Hamaca heavy oil field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivero Diaz, Jose Antonio

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiments were conducted to study the feasibility of using propane as a steam additive to accelerate oil production and improve steam injectivity in the Hamaca field, Venezuela. The experiments utilized a vertical injection cell into which a...

  17. Use of a thermodynamic cycle simulation to determine the difference between a propane-fuelled engine and an iso-octane-fuelled engine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pathak, Dushyant

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    the engine cycle simulation to determine the difference between a propane-fuelled and an iso-octane-fuelled engine for the same operating conditions and engine specifications. A comprehensive parametric investigation was conducted to examine the effects...

  18. Cogeneration in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halicki, T.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a result of suggestions made at the 1979 Public Utility Commission of Texas (PUCT) sponsored cogeneration conference, the Commission convened the 1980 Cogeneration Task Force. The Task Force was charged by a Commission Resolution with assisting...

  19. Cavern Protection (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    It is public policy of the state to provide for the protection of caves on or under Texas lands. For the purposes of this legislation, “cave” means any naturally occurring subterranean cavity, and...

  20. Water Quality Control (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The policy of the state of Texas is to promote the quality of the state's water by regulating existing industries, taking into consideration the economic development of the state, and by...

  1. Geothermal Resources Act (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The policy of the state of Texas is to encourage the rapid and orderly development of geothermal energy and associated resources. The primary consideration of the development process is to provide...

  2. Agriculture Taxes in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Lonnie L.; Stallmann, Judith I.

    2002-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication explains the tax exemptions and special provisions available to Texas farmers, ranchers and agribusiness managers and the effect of those exemptions on state and local governmental revenues....

  3. Red River Compact (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Red River Compact Commission administers the Red River Compact to ensure that Texas receives its equitable share of quality water from the Red River and its tributaries as apportioned by the...

  4. Pecos River Compact (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation authorizes the state's entrance into the Pecos River Compact, a joint agreement between the states of New Mexico and Texas. The compact is administered by the Pecos River Compact...

  5. Rio Grande Compact (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation authorizes the state's entrance into the Rio Grande Compact, a joint agreement between the states of Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas. The compact is administered by the Rio Grande...

  6. Canadian River Compact (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Canadian River Commission administers the Canadian River Compact which includes the states of New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas. Signed in 1950 by the member states, the Compact was subsequently...

  7. Water Resource Uses and Issues in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeely, John G.; Lacewell, Ronald D.

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Water Resource Uses and Issues in Texas The Texas A&M University System The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Neville P. Clarke. Director, College Station, Texas Acknowledgments This study of the Texas water situation completes a series... Water Deuelopment in Texas August 1978 - B-1189: Wafer Resource Uses and Issues in Texas. The present publication considers the implications of ground-water over- drafts and impending full utilization of surface-water resources in Texas. Princi- gal...

  8. Texas Gold Rush

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . More than 13 entities are involved in golden alga research or monitoring in Texas. TPWD documents the status of golden alga in Texas waters on its Web site along with maintaining numerous informational Web pages about the alga and the current...-Arlington and Richard Kiesling of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) are collaborating on projects to understand the environ- mental conditions that allow the organism to grow and cause fish kills. Once these conditions are under- stood, the researchers hope...

  9. Pecan Insects of Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McWhorter, G. M.; Thomas, J. G.; Harris, M. K.; Van Cleave, H. W.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BEETLES FALL WEBWORM WALNUT CATERPILLAR PECAN CATOCALA PECAN SPITTLEBUG PECAN BUD MOTH LEAFMINERS PECAN TWIG GIRDLER RED-SHOULDERED SHOT-HOLE BORER FLA THEADED BORERS OBSCURE SCALE PECAN INSECTS OF TEXAS G. M. McWhorter, J. G. Thomas, M. K... Agricultural Extension Service seroe people of all ages regardless of socio-economic level, race, color, sex, religion or national origin. Cooperative Extension Work in Agriculture and Home Economics, The Texas A&M University System and the United States...

  10. Castor Beans in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, E. A.

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , College Station, Texas A CKNO WLEDGMElVT Acknowledgment is hereby made for the use of informa- tion on castor bean research by Dr. D. L. Van Horn, Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils and Agricultural Engineering, U. S. Department of Agriculture, and Dr. W.... E. Domingo formerly with the Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils and Agricultural En- gineering, U. S. Department of Agriculture. Castor bean re- - - - ch in Texas during the past 10 years has centered largely ubstation No. 12 at Chillicothe...

  11. Propane tank explosion (2 deaths, 7 injuries) at Herrig Brothers Feather Creek Farm, Albert City, Iowa, April 9, 1998. Investigation report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report explains the explosion/BLEVE that took place on April 9, 1998, at the Herrig Brothers Feather Creek Farm, located in Albert City, Iowa. Two volunteer fire fighters were killed and seven other emergency response personnel were injured. Safety issues covered in the report include protection of propane storage tanks and piping, state regulatory oversight of such installations, and fire fighter response to propane storage tank fires.

  12. Adsorption of propane, isopropyl, and hydrogen on cluster models of the M1 phase of Mo-V-Te-Nb-O mixed metal oxide catalyst

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Govindasamy, Agalya [University of Cincinnati; Muthukumar, Kaliappan [University of Cincinnati; Yu, Junjun [University of Cincinnati; Xu, Ye [ORNL; Guliants, Vadim V. [University of Cincinnati

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Mo-V-Te-Nb-O mixed metal oxide catalyst possessing the M1 phase structure is uniquely capable of directly converting propane into acrylonitrile. However, the mechanism of this complex eight-electron transformation, which includes a series of oxidative H-abstraction and N-insertion steps, remains poorly understood. We have conducted a density functional theory study of cluster models of the proposed active and selective site for propane ammoxidation, including the adsorption of propane, isopropyl (CH{sub 3}CHCH{sub 3}), and H which are involved in the first step of this transformation, that is, the methylene C-H bond scission in propane, on these active site models. Among the surface oxygen species, the telluryl oxo (Te=O) is found to be the most nucleophilic. Whereas the adsorption of propane is weak regardless of the MO{sub x} species involved, isopropyl and H adsorption exhibits strong preference in the order of Te=O > V=O > bridging oxygens > empty Mo apical site, suggesting the importance of TeO{sub x} species for H abstraction. The adsorption energies of isopropyl and H and consequently the reaction energy of the initial dehydrogenation of propane are strongly dependent on the number of ab planes included in the cluster, which points to the need to employ multilayer cluster models to correctly capture the energetics of surface chemistry on this mixed metal oxide catalyst.

  13. Texas Surface Coal Mining and Reclamation Act (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Railroad Commission of Texas regulates all surface mining activities for the extraction of coal. The Commission acts with the authority of the Texas Surface Coal Mining and Reclamation Act,...

  14. Michigan residential No. 2 fuel oil and propane price survey for the 1990/91 heating season. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the results of a survey of home heating oil and propane prices over the 1990/1991 heating season in Michigan. The survey was conducted under a cooperative agreement between the State of Michigan, Michigan Public Service Commission and the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA), and was funded by a grant from EIA. From October 1990 through May 1991, participating dealers/distributions were called and asked for their current residential retail prices of No. 2 home heating oil and propane. This information was then transmitted to the EIA, bi-monthly using an electronic reporting system called Petroleum Data Reporting Option (PEDRO). The survey was conducted using a sample provided by EIA of home heating oil and propane retailers which supply Michigan households. These retailers were contacted the first and third Mondays of each month. The sample was designed to account for distributors with different sales volumes, geographic distributions and sources of primary supply. It should be noted that this simple is different from the sample used in prior year surveys.

  15. Michigan residential No. 2 fuel oil and propane price survey for the 1990/91 heating season

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the results of a survey of home heating oil and propane prices over the 1990/1991 heating season in Michigan. The survey was conducted under a cooperative agreement between the State of Michigan, Michigan Public Service Commission and the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA), and was funded by a grant from EIA. From October 1990 through May 1991, participating dealers/distributions were called and asked for their current residential retail prices of No. 2 home heating oil and propane. This information was then transmitted to the EIA, bi-monthly using an electronic reporting system called Petroleum Data Reporting Option (PEDRO). The survey was conducted using a sample provided by EIA of home heating oil and propane retailers which supply Michigan households. These retailers were contacted the first and third Mondays of each month. The sample was designed to account for distributors with different sales volumes, geographic distributions and sources of primary supply. It should be noted that this simple is different from the sample used in prior year surveys.

  16. Super critical fluid extraction of a crude oil bitumen-derived liquid and bitumen by carbon dioxide and propane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deo, M.D.; Hwang, J.; Hanson, F.V.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Supercritical fluid extraction of complex hydrocarbon mixtures is important in separation processes, petroleum upgrading and enhanced oil recovery. In this study, a paraffinic crude oil, a bitumen- derived liquid and bitumen were extracted at several temperatures and pressures with carbon dioxide and propane to assess the effect of the size and type of compounds that makeup the feedstock on the extraction process. It was observed that the pure solvent density at the extraction conditions was not the sole variable governing extraction, and that the proximity of the extraction conditions to the pure solvent critical point affected the extraction yields and the compositions of the extracts. Heavier compounds reported to the extract phase as the extraction time increased at constant temperature and pressure and as the extraction pressure increased at constant temperature and extraction time for both the paraffin crude-propane and the bitumen-propane systems. This preferential extraction was not observed for the bitumen-derived liquid. The non-discriminatory extraction behavior of the bitumen-derived liquid was attributed to its thermal history and to the presence of the olefins and aromatics in the liquid. Phase behavior calculations using the Peng-Robinson equation of state and component lumping procedures provided reasonable agreement between calculated and experimental results for the crude oil and bitumen extractions, but failed in the prediction of the phase compositions for the bitumen-derived liquid extractions.

  17. Super critical fluid extraction of a crude oil bitumen-derived liquid and bitumen by carbon dioxide and propane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deo, M.D.; Hwang, J.; Hanson, F.V.

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Supercritical fluid extraction of complex hydrocarbon mixtures is important in separation processes, petroleum upgrading and enhanced oil recovery. In this study, a paraffinic crude oil, a bitumen- derived liquid and bitumen were extracted at several temperatures and pressures with carbon dioxide and propane to assess the effect of the size and type of compounds that makeup the feedstock on the extraction process. It was observed that the pure solvent density at the extraction conditions was not the sole variable governing extraction, and that the proximity of the extraction conditions to the pure solvent critical point affected the extraction yields and the compositions of the extracts. Heavier compounds reported to the extract phase as the extraction time increased at constant temperature and pressure and as the extraction pressure increased at constant temperature and extraction time for both the paraffin crude-propane and the bitumen-propane systems. This preferential extraction was not observed for the bitumen-derived liquid. The non-discriminatory extraction behavior of the bitumen-derived liquid was attributed to its thermal history and to the presence of the olefins and aromatics in the liquid. Phase behavior calculations using the Peng-Robinson equation of state and component lumping procedures provided reasonable agreement between calculated and experimental results for the crude oil and bitumen extractions, but failed in the prediction of the phase compositions for the bitumen-derived liquid extractions.

  18. Lessons Learned from Continuous Commissioning of the Robert E. Johnson State Office Building, Austin, TX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bynum, J.; Claridge, D. E.

    2008-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    ESL-TR-08-08-03 Lessons Learned from Continuous Commissioning ® of the Robert E. Johnson State Office Building, Austin, TX Submitted to Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory By David Claridge, Ph.D., P.E. John Bynum Energy....5% annual lighting energy savings or 5.6% annual whole building energy savings based on a DOE-2 simulation analysis. Three main lessons were learned from the experience with the Robert E. Johnson building: • The traditional design...

  19. Texas Watershed Coordinator Roundtable Blackland Research Extension Center Temple, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .bilbe@tceq.texas.gov Diane Boellstorff Texas AgriLife Extension Service dboellstorff@tamu.edu Henry Brewer US EPA, Region 6 brewer.henry@epa.gov Gary Bryant Texas Water Resources Institute glbryant@ag.tamu.edu Patricia Carvajal

  20. Freestall Facilities in Central Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stokes, Sandra R.; Gamroth, Mike

    1999-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    surveyed recently for infor- L-5311 5-99 Freestall Dairy Facilities in Central Texas Sandy Stokes and Mike Gamroth* *Extension Dairy Specialist, Texas A&M University System, and Extension Dairy Specialist, Oregon State University. Freestall housing...

  1. Uranium Recovery Surface Activities (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This section of the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality enforces and makes the rules and regulations for handling and recovering radioactive materials associated with in situ mining in Texas....

  2. Texas Tech University Hygiene Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    Texas Tech University Chemical Hygiene Plan (Laboratory Safety Manual) January 2013 #12;TABLE C ­ Chemical Hygiene Checklist #12;TEXAS TECH UNIVERSITY CHEMICAL HYGIENE PLAN January 2013 1 PURPOSE OF THIS PLAN It is the desire

  3. Modeling of the formation of short-chain acids in propane flames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battin-Leclerc, Frédérique; Jaffrezo, J L; Legrand, M

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to better understand their potential formation in combustion systems, a detailed kinetic mechanism for the formation of short-chain monocarboxylic acids, formic (HCOOH), acetic (CH3COOH), propionic (C2H5COOH) and propenic (C2H3COOH)) acids, has been developed. Simulations of lean (equivalence ratios from 0.9 to 0.48) laminar premixed flames of propane stabilized at atmospheric pressure with nitrogen as diluent have been performed. It was found that amounts up to 25 ppm of acetic acid, 15 ppm of formic acid and 1 ppm of C3 acid can be formed for some positions in the flames. Simulations showed that the more abundant C3 acid formed is propenic acid. A quite acceptable agreement has been obtained with the scarce results from the literature concerning oxygenated compounds, including aldehydes (CH2O, CH3CHO) and acids. A reaction pathways analysis demonstrated that each acid is mainly derived from the aldehyde of similar structure.

  4. Subnanometer platinum clusters highly active and selective catalysts for the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vajda, S; Pellin, M. J.; Greeley, J. P.; Marshall, C. L.; Curtiss, L. A.; Ballentine, G. A.; Elam, J. W.; Catillon-Mucherie, S.; Redfern, P. C.; Mehmood, F.; Zapol, P.; Yale Univ.

    2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Small clusters are known to possess reactivity not observed in their bulk analogues, which can make them attractive for catalysis. Their distinct catalytic properties are often hypothesized to result from the large fraction of under-coordinated surface atoms. Here, we show that size-preselected Pt{sub 8-10} clusters stabilized on high-surface-area supports are 40-100 times more active for the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane than previously studied platinum and vanadia catalysts, while at the same time maintaining high selectivity towards formation of propylene over by-products. Quantum chemical calculations indicate that under-coordination of the Pt atoms in the clusters is responsible for the surprisingly high reactivity compared with extended surfaces. We anticipate that these results will form the basis for development of a new class of catalysts by providing a route to bond-specific chemistry, ranging from energy-efficient and environmentally friendly synthesis strategies to the replacement of petrochemical feedstocks by abundant small alkanes.

  5. Autoignited laminar lifted flames of propane in coflow jets with tribrachial edge and mild combustion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, B.C.; Kim, K.N.; Chung, S.H. [School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744 (Korea)

    2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Characteristics of laminar lifted flames have been investigated experimentally by varying the initial temperature of coflow air over 800 K in the non-premixed jets of propane diluted with nitrogen. The result showed that the lifted flame with the initial temperature below 860 K maintained the typical tribrachial structure at the leading edge, which was stabilized by the balance mechanism between the propagation speed of tribrachial flame and the local flow velocity. For the temperature above 860 K, the flame was autoignited without having any external ignition source. The autoignited lifted flames were categorized in two regimes. In the case with tribrachial edge structure, the liftoff height increased nonlinearly with jet velocity. Especially, for the critical condition near blowout, the lifted flame showed a repetitive behavior of extinction and reignition. In such a case, the autoignition was controlled by the non-adiabatic ignition delay time considering heat loss such that the autoignition height was correlated with the square of the adiabatic ignition delay time. In the case with mild combustion regime at excessively diluted conditions, the liftoff height increased linearly with jet velocity and was correlated well with the square of the adiabatic ignition delay time. (author)

  6. A rapid compression machine study of the oxidation of propane in the negative temperature coefficient regime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gallagher, S.M.; Curran, H.J.; Metcalfe, W.K.; Healy, D.; Simmie, J.M. [Combustion Chemistry Centre, National University of Ireland, Galway (Ireland); Bourque, G. [Rolls-Royce Canada, Montreal (Canada)

    2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The oxidation of propane has been studied in the temperature range 680-970 K at compressed gas pressures of 21, 27, and 37 atm and at varying equivalence ratios of 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0. These data are consistent with other experiments presented in the literature for alkane fuels in that, when ignition delay times are plotted as a function of temperature, a characteristic negative coefficient behavior is observed. In addition, these data were simulated using a detailed chemical kinetic model. It was found that qualitatively the model correctly simulated the effect of change in equivalence ratio and pressure, predicting that fuel-rich, high-pressure mixtures ignite fastest, while fuel-lean, low-pressure mixtures ignite slowest. Moreover, reactivity as a function of temperature is well captured, with the model predicting negative temperature coefficient behavior similar to the experiments. Quantitatively the model is faster than experiment for all mixtures at the lowest temperatures (650-750 K) and is also faster than experiment throughout the entire temperature range for fuel-lean mixtures. (author)

  7. Soot formation and temperature field structure in laminar propane-air diffusion flames at elevated pressures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bento, Decio S.; Guelder, OEmer L. [Institute for Aerospace Studies, University of Toronto, 4925 Dufferin Street, Toronto, ON M3H 5T6 (Canada); Thomson, Kevin A. [National Research Council, ICPET Combustion Technology, 1200 Montreal Road M-9, Ontario K1A 0R6 (Canada)

    2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of pressure on soot formation and the structure of the temperature field was studied in coflow propane-air laminar diffusion flames over the pressure range of 0.1 to 0.73 MPa in a high-pressure combustion chamber. The fuel flow rate was selected so that the soot was completely oxidized within the visible flame and the flame was stable at all pressures. Spectral soot emission was used to measure radially resolved soot volume fraction and soot temperature as a function of pressure. Additional soot volume fraction measurements were made at selected heights using line-of-sight light attenuation. Soot concentration values from these two techniques agreed to within 30% and both methods exhibited similar trends in the spatial distribution of soot concentration. Maximum line-of-sight soot concentration along the flame centerline scaled with pressure; the pressure exponent was about 1.4 for pressures between 0.2 and 0.73 MPa. Peak carbon conversion to soot, defined as the percentage of fuel carbon content converted to soot, also followed a power-law dependence on pressure, where the pressure exponent was near to unity for pressures between 0.2 and 0.73 MPa. Soot temperature measurements indicated that the overall temperatures decreased with increasing pressure; however, the temperature gradients increased with increasing pressure. (author)

  8. Operation of a Four-Cylinder 1.9L Propane Fueled HCCI Engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flowers, D; Aceves, S M; Martinez-Frias, J; Smith, J R; Au, M; Girard, J; Dibble, R

    2001-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A four-cylinder 1.9 Volkswagen TDI Engine has been converted to run in Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) mode. The stock configuration is a turbocharged direct injection Diesel engine. The combustion chamber has been modified by discarding the in-cylinder Diesel fuel injectors and replacing them with blank inserts (which contain pressure transducers). The stock pistons contain a reentrant bowl and have been retained for the tests reported here. The intake and exhaust manifolds have also been retained, but the turbocharger has been removed. A heater has been installed upstream of the intake manifold and fuel is added just downstream of this heater. The performance of this engine in naturally aspirated HCCI operation, subject to variable intake temperature and fuel flow rate, has been studied. The engine has been run with propane fuel at a constant speed of 1800 rpm. This work is intended to characterize the HCCI operation of the engine in this configuration that has been minimally modified from the base Diesel engine. The performance (BMEP, IMEP, efficiency, etc) and emissions (THC, CO, NOx) of the engine are presented, as are combustion process results based on heat release analysis of the pressure traces from each cylinder.

  9. Valuable Plants Native to Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parks, Harris Braley

    1937-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and makes a splendid plant for cover along mud flats where the seasona.1 change of water would leave bare places. Commercial. Arundo Donax L. This is the reed grass of southern Texas. It has been used for many years to aid in erosion control...LIBRARY, A b COttECE, CAMPUS. TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR COLLEGE STATION. BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS -- BULLETIN NO. 551 AUGUST, 1937 -- DIVISION OF APICULTVRE VALUABLE PLANTS NATIVE TO TEXAS i...

  10. Greater West Texas State Employee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    together we change lives Greater West Texas State Employee Charitable Campaign 2013 Annual Report of Transportation-Odessa Vickie Wilhite, Health and Human Services Commission Greater West Texas Local Campaign.ttuhsc.edu/relations/secc www.facebook.com/gwtsecc #12;2013 Top Greater West Texas State Agencies In Employee Participation 2013

  11. Texas Transportation Poll Final report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Transportation Poll Final report PRC 14-16-F #12;2 Texas Transportation Poll Texas A&M Transportation Institute PRC 14-16-F September 2014 Authors Chris Simek Tina Geiselbrecht #12;3 Table of Contents .......................................................................................................................... 8 Transportation Funding

  12. Texas Air Quality Status and the Texas Emission Reduction Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hildebrand, S.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Through Energy Efficiency Conference ? Galveston, Texas ? October 10, 2012 0.0 1.3 2.7 4.0 5.3 6.7 8.0 60 90 120 150 180 210 240 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011...Texas Air Quality Status and the Texas Emission Reduction Plan Susana M. Hildebrand, P.E., Chief Engineer Texas Commission on Environmental Quality Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference ? Galveston, Texas ? October 10, 2012...

  13. Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Propane over V2O5/MoO3/Al2O3 and V2O5/Cr2O3/Al2O3: Structural Characterization and Catalytic Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bell, Alexis T.

    Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Propane over V2O5/MoO3/Al2O3 and V2O5/Cr2O3/Al2O3: Structural of stoichiometric reduction in H2, and the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane. VOx domains on Al2O3 modified The oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) of propane provides an attractive route for the synthesis of propene.1

  14. Farmers and ranchers in Calhoun County, TX: their land ethic and their interest in nature tourism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Kimberly Lyn

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is based on research that investigates (1) the land relationships of farmers and ranchers in Calhoun County, Texas, and (2) their opinions about, and interest in, nature tourism and/or starting a nature tourism enterprise...

  15. Texas Nuclear Profile - South Texas Project

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear JanYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun1DecadeMonthComancheSouth Texas

  16. Texas Rice, Highlights in Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    year are the con- ventional varieties: Cocodrie (La), Trenasse (La), Presidio (Tx), Sabine (Tx), Spring (Ar), Cybonnet (Ar), CL161 (Horizon Ag), and CL171 (Horizon Ag). The hybrid from RiceTec included for the second or more year is XL723.../A) was achieved for Spring and Cheniere when Quadris plus Tilt was applied to the main crop. At Eagle Lake, main crop fungicide increased main crop yield 300 to 450 lbs/A for some varieties. Main crop plus ratoon crop fungicide did not consistently improve...

  17. Hydronic Heating Coil Versus Propane Furnace, Rehoboth Beach, Delaware (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Insight Homes constructed two houses in Rehoboth Beach, Delaware, with identical floor plans and thermal envelopes but different heating and domestic hot water (DHW) systems. Each house is 1,715-ft2 with a single story, three bedrooms, two bathrooms, and the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems and ductwork located in conditioned crawlspaces. The standard house, which the builder offers as its standard production house, uses an air source heat pump (ASHP) with supplemental propane furnace heating. The Building America test house uses the same ASHP unit with supplemental heat provided by the DHW heater (a combined DHW and hydronic heating system, where the hydronic heating element is in the air handler). Both houses were occupied during the test period. Results indicate that efficiency of the two heating systems was not significantly different. Three issues dominate these results; lower system design performance resulting from the indoor refrigerant coil selected for the standard house, an incorrectly functioning defrost cycle in the standard house, and the low resolution of the natural gas monitoring equipment. The thermal comfort of both houses fell outside the ASHRAE Standard 55 heating range but was within the ACCA room-to-room temperature range when compared to the thermostat temperature. The monitored DHW draw schedules were input into EnergyPlus to evaluate the efficiency of the tankless hot water heater model using the two monitored profiles and the Building America House Simulation Protocols. The results indicate that the simulation is not significantly impacted by the draw profiles.

  18. Progress Report, Texas Substation No. 6, Denton, Texas, 1909-14.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cory, V. L. (Vivian L.)

    1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 199 DECEMBER, 1916 PROGRESS REPORT, TEXAS SUBSTATION NO. 6, DENTON, TEXAS POSTOFFICE : COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. - AUSTIN, TEXAS : VON BOECKMANN-JONES CO., PRINTERS, 1916.... [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 199 DECEMBER, 1916 PROGRESS REPORT, TEXAS SUBSTATION NO. 6, DENTON, TEXAS V. L. CORY, B. S. . SUPERINTENDENT , . POSTOFFICE : COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY...

  19. ED-XAS Data Reveal In-situ Time-Resolved Adsorbate Coverage on Supported Molybdenum Oxide Catalysts during Propane Dehydrogenation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramaker, David; Gatewood, Daniel [Department of Chemistry, George Washington University, Washington D.C. 20052 (United States); Beale, Andrew M.; Weckhuysen, Bert M. [Inorganic Chemistry and Catalysis, Dept. of Chem., Utrecht University, Sorbonnelaan 16, 3584 CA Utrecht (Netherlands)

    2007-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy-Dispersive X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (ED-XAS) data combined with UV/Vis, Raman, and mass spectrometry data on alumina- and silica-supported molybdenum oxide catalysts under propane dehydrogenation conditions have been previously reported. A novel {delta}{mu} adsorbate isolation technique was applied here to the time-resolved (0.1 min) Mo K-edge ED-XAS data by taking the difference of absorption, {mu}, at t>1 against the initial time, t=0. Further, full multiple scattering calculations using the FEFF 8.0 code are performed to interpret the {delta}{mu} signatures. The resulting difference spectra and interpretation provide real time propane coverage and O depletion at the MoOn surface. The propane coverage is seen to correlate with the propene and/or coke production, with the maximum coke formation occurring when the propane coverage is the largest. Combined, these data give unprecedented insight into the complicated dynamics for propane dehydrogenation.

  20. Texas Agricultural Extension Service The Texas A&M University System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    for West TexasGuar Production Factsheet for West TexasGuar Production Factsheet for West TexasGuar Production Factsheet for West Texas Calvin Trostle, Extension Agronomy, Texas A&MCLubbock (806) 746-6101; c performance in West Texas. Kinman and Esser have the longest track record, but Santa Cruz and Lewis appeared

  1. Cotton Production in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, E. B.

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .................................. Fertilizers 1 5 Methods of Application ................ 16 Fertilizer Recommendations ............ 16 East Texas Timberlands ............ 16 ...................... Coast Prairie 16 Blackland and Grand Prairies ...... 16 West Cross Timbers... .............................. Coast Prairie 10 ......................... Blackland Prairies 10 ............................. Grand Prairie 10 ........................ West Cross Timbers 10 ...................... North Central Prairies 10 .......................... Rio Grande...

  2. Texas Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Wilcox; and the Gulf Coast Aquifer. A series of minor aquifers called West Texas Bolsons also cross TexasÕ borderTexas Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2001 Introduction Research Program #12;Texas Groundwater Management and Global Applications Basic Information Title: Texas Groundwater

  3. Texas Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    projects in 2011-12 conducted by graduate students at Texas A&M University (4 projects), West Texas A State University, and a multi-state, international project. Jacob Becker, of West Texas A&M UniversityTexas Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2011 Texas Water Resources Institute

  4. Texas Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , including Texas A&M University, Baylor University, Rice University, West Texas A&M University at selected sites throughout Texas. Kevin Heflin of West Texas A&M University tested whether the use of cattleTexas Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2002 Introduction Research Program

  5. Texas Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    &M University (7 projects), Texas Tech University (1), West Texas A&M University (1), and the University. West Texas A&M University Student, Robert Taylor, conducted a pricing model to assess the effectsTexas Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2006 #12;Introduction The Texas Water

  6. State heating oil & propane program. Final report for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 1994--1995 heating season

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This report has been prepared by the Pennsylvania Energy Office (PEO) to summarize its activities under the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) for the 1994-95 heating season. The PEO is under a cooperative agreement, Agreement DE-7C01-91E122784, Amendment No. 3, with the U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration (DOE/EIA) to conduct these activities. The objective of the SHOPP program was to collect Pennsylvania-specific price information for residential No. 2 heating oil and propane and transmit this information to DOE/EIA for compilation into its various reports and publications. Under the PEO`s cooperative agreement with DOE/EIA, prices were collected on the first and third Mondays of each month, starting on October 3, 1994, and extending through March 20, 1995. Prices were obtained via telephone calls made by PEO staff. For each heating oil distributor in the survey sample, the PEO collected charge prices for a standard delivery quantity of No. 2 heating oil. For propane, dealers were requested to provide the price for a customer using between one thousand and fifteen hundred gallons of fuel during the heating season. The PEO agreed to forward the survey results to the DOE/EIA within three days of the date of each survey. DOE/EIA`s responsibility was to compile the data from all states and distribute a bi-weekly report. In addition, DOE/EIA took responsibility for the collection of primary stock information for No. 2 heating oil.

  7. Geologic and geophysical investigation of a small water retention structure, Salado, Tx 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, James Lewis

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of a Small Earth Dam Caused by Piping Erosion Initiated by a Leak in Overflow Pipe, Bryan, TX. 4. Map Showing the Location of Roger's Pond . . 5 Structural Setting of the Balcones Fault Zone Along With the Divisions of the Edward's Aquifer 6 NNW... ? SSE Cross-Section of the Strata That Comprises the Water Table Portion of the Edwards Aquifer in Bell County. 12 7 Soils Map of Roger's Pond and Surrounding Area. 14 8 Observation Well Installed Below the Dam on the Downstremn Side. . . . . 9 Turf...

  8. File:03-TX-d - Lease of Public School Fund Land (1).pdf | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual1WAALandUsePlanning.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File FileInformation -TX-d -

  9. File:03-TX-f - Lease of Land Trade Lands.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual1WAALandUsePlanning.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File FileInformation -TX-d

  10. The catalytic oxidation of propane and propylene with air: total aldehyde production and selectivity at low conversions.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Looney, Franklin Sittig

    1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~ Ths writer is izntebteg to pr, P G~ ~och Tor his assistance azsi guidance in this work aC to Br~ J+ 9 Kinds Tor his aery. suggestions eel Succor~ a The oxidation cf propane~ propylene and prcya~cregyimm mbetccres ctver a ~ aiucdna ~st in a flew... vere developed for rms with Iow propylene pressers Froa ths recncits of this study it, appears that the reaction yieldiccg aldehyde occurs in the fere part af the reactec bed Increased oxidation br' about by tunreased residence tins causes eccidation...

  11. High-Pressure Micellar Solutions of Polystyrene-block-Polybutadiene and Polystyrene-block-Polyisoprene Solutions in Propane Exhibit Cloud-Pressure Reduction and Distinct Micellization End Points

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winoto, Winoto [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Radosz, Maciej [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Tan, Sugata [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Micellar solutions of polystyrene-block-polybutadiene and polystyrene-block-polyisoprene in propane are found to exhibit significantly lower cloud pressures than the corresponding hypothetical non-micellar solutions. Such a cloud-pressure reduction indicates the extent to which micelle formation enhances the apparent diblock solubility in near-critical and hence compressible propane. Pressure-temperature points beyond which no micelles can be formed, referred to as the micellization end points, are found to depend on the block type, size and ratio, and on the polymer concentration. For a given pressure, the micellization end-point temperature corresponds to the "critical micelle temperature." The cloud-pressure reduction and the micellization end point measured for styrene-diene diblocks in propane should be characteristic of all amphiphilic diblock copolymer solutions that form micelles in compressible solvents.

  12. The Ecology of the Navasota River, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, W. J.

    COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND LIFE SCIENCES TR-44 1973 The Ecology of the Navasota River, Texas By: William J. Clark Texas Water Resources Institute Technical Report No. 44 Texas A&M University System...

  13. Irrigation Training Program For Texas Agricultural Producers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, B.L.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Irrigation Training Program, funded by the Texas Water Development Board (TWDB) through an Agricultural Water Conservation Grant, began in 2006. Administered by the Texas Water Resources Institute (TWRI), the Texas State ...

  14. Shoreline assessment of Jefferson County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hoo Il

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Shoreline erosion is an issue of economic and environmental concern on the Texas coast. Texas State Highway 87, located in Jefferson County, Texas, has been repeatedly destroyed by storms and rebuilt in the past 50 years. ...

  15. AcademiCast Transcript Texas Tech University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    West Texas' quail population. The region's quail numbers plummeted in 2010 in West Texas and western Oklahoma. So far, scientists have found lead, mercuryAcademiCast Transcript Texas Tech University August 30, 2013 Pierce

  16. ~RESEARCH TEXAS AGRILIFE RESEARCH AT AMARILLO Texas A...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Manager Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Pantex, LLC SUBJECT: TAMUS Surface Use Permit by and between the Texas A&M University System and Babcock & Wilcox Technical...

  17. EIS-0444: Texas Clean Energy Project (TCEP), Ector County, Texas...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Clean Energy, LLC for the proposed Texas Clean Energy Project. The Project would use coal-based integrated gasification combined-cycle technology to generate electricity and...

  18. A Sequential Fluid-mechanic Chemical-kinetic Model of Propane HCCI Combustion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aceves, S M; Flowers, D L; Martinez-Frias, J; Smith, J R; Westbrook, C; Pitz, W; Dibble, R; Wright, J F; Akinyemi, W C; Hessel, R P

    2000-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We have developed a methodology for predicting combustion and emissions in a Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engine. This methodology combines a detailed fluid mechanics code with a detailed chemical kinetics code. Instead of directly linking the two codes, which would require an extremely long computational time, the methodology consists of first running the fluid mechanics code to obtain temperature profiles as a function of time. These temperature profiles are then used as input to a multi-zone chemical kinetics code. The advantage of this procedure is that a small number of zones (10) is enough to obtain accurate results. This procedure achieves the benefits of linking the fluid mechanics and the chemical kinetics codes with a great reduction in the computational effort, to a level that can be handled with current computers. The success of this procedure is in large part a consequence of the fact that for much of the compression stroke the chemistry is inactive and thus has little influence on fluid mechanics and heat transfer. Then, when chemistry is active, combustion is rather sudden, leaving little time for interaction between chemistry and fluid mixing and heat transfer. This sequential methodology has been capable of explaining the main characteristics of HCCI combustion that have been observed in experiments. In this paper, we use our model to explore an HCCI engine running on propane. The paper compares experimental and numerical pressure traces, heat release rates, and hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emissions. The results show an excellent agreement, even in parameters that are difficult to predict, such as chemical heat release rates. Carbon monoxide emissions are reasonably well predicted, even though it is intrinsically difficult to make good predictions of CO emissions in HCCI engines. The paper includes a sensitivity study on the effect of the heat transfer correlation on the results of the analysis. Importantly, the paper also shows a numerical study on how parameters such as swirl rate, crevices and ceramic walls could help in reducing HC and CO emissions from HCCI engines.

  19. Tank 241-TX-118, core 236 analytical results for the final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ESCH, R.A.

    1998-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is the analytical laboratory report for tank 241-TX-118 push mode core segments collected between April 1, 1998 and April 13, 1998. The segments were subsampled and analyzed in accordance with the Tank 241-TX-118 Push Mode Core sampling and Analysis Plan (TSAP) (Benar, 1997), the Safety Screening Data Quality Objective (DQO) (Dukelow, et al., 1995), the Data Quality Objective to Support Resolution of the Organic Complexant Safety Issue (Organic DQO) (Turner, et al, 1995) and the Historical Model Evaluation Data Requirements (Historical DQO) (Sipson, et al., 1995). The analytical results are included in the data summary table (Table 1). None of the samples submitted for Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Total Organic Carbon (TOC) exceeded notification limits as stated in the TSAP (Benar, 1997). One sample exceeded the Total Alpha Activity (AT) analysis notification limit of 38.4{micro}Ci/g (based on a bulk density of 1.6), core 236 segment 1 lower half solids (S98T001524). Appropriate notifications were made. Plutonium 239/240 analysis was requested as a secondary analysis. The statistical results of the 95% confidence interval on the mean calculations are provided by the Tank Waste Remediation Systems Technical Basis Group in accordance with the Memorandum of Understanding (Schreiber, 1997) and are not considered in this report.

  20. Tank characterization report for single-shell tank 241-TX-104

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    FIELD, J.G.

    1999-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A major function of the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) is to characterize waste in support of waste management and disposal activities at the Hanford Site. Analytical data from sampling and analysis and other available information about a tank are compiled and maintained in a tank characterization report (TCR). This report and its appendices serve as the TCR for single-shell tank 241-TX-104. The objectives of this report are (1) to use characterization data in response to technical issues associated with tank 241-TX-104 waste, and (2) to provide a standard characterization of this waste in terms of a best-basis inventory estimate. Section 2.0 summarizes the response to technical issues, Section 3.0 shows the best-basis inventory estimate, Section 4.0 makes recommendations about the safety status of the tank and additional sampling needs. The appendices contain supporting data and information. This report supports the requirements of the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Ecology et al. 1997), Milestone M-44-15c, change request M-44-97-03 to ''issue characterization deliverables consistent with the Waste Information Requirements Document developed for FY 1999'' (Adams et al. 1998).

  1. United States Department of Energy New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and Energy. 1991--1992 Heating Oil and Propane Price Monitoring Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In cooperation with the United States Department of Energy (USDOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA) the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and Energy (DEPE), Office of Energy participated in a program to monitor retail prices of no. 2 heating oil and propane in New Jersey. According to program instructions, we conducted price surveys on a semi-monthly basis to obtain the necessary information from retail fuel merchants and propane dealers identified by the EIA. The period of the surveys was October 7, 1991 to March 16 1992. We submitted data collected as of specified reference dates to the EIA, within two working days of those dates.

  2. Synergistic effect of mixing dimethyl ether with methane, ethane, propane, and ethylene fuels on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and soot formation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoon, S.S. [Corporate Research and Development Division, Hyundai-Kia Motors, Gyeonggi-do 445-706 (Korea); Anh, D.H. [Korea Electric Power Research Institute, Daejeon 305-380 (Korea); Chung, S.H. [School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea)

    2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and soot formation in counterflow diffusion flames of methane, ethane, propane, and ethylene fuels mixed with dimethyl ether (DME) have been investigated. Planar laser-induced incandescence and fluorescence techniques were employed to measure relative soot volume fractions and PAH concentrations, respectively. Results showed that even though DME is known to be a clean fuel in terms of soot formation, DME mixture with ethylene fuel increases PAH and soot formation significantly as compared to the pure ethylene case, while the mixture of DME with methane, ethane, and propane decreases PAH and soot formation. Numerical calculations adopting a detailed kinetics showed that DME can be decomposed to produce a relatively large number of methyl radicals in the low-temperature region where PAH forms and grows; thus the mixture of DME with ethylene increases CH{sub 3} radicals significantly in the PAH formation region. Considering that the increase in the concentration of O radicals is minimal in the PAH formation region with DME mixture, the enhancement of PAH and soot formation in the mixture flames of DME and ethylene can be explained based on the role of methyl radicals in PAH and soot formation. Methyl radicals can increase the concentration of propargyls, which could enhance incipient benzene ring formation through the propargyl recombination reaction and subsequent PAH growth. Thus, the result substantiates the importance of methyl radicals in PAH and soot formation, especially in the PAH formation region of diffusion flames. (author)

  3. Texas Vineyard Guide.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McEachern, George Ray; Stein, Larry A.; Gan, Peretz; Lipe, William N.; Stockton, L. Austin; Helmers, Sammy G.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the following years. The cordons may "wrap" the wire and become self supportive. CANE TRAINING Most vineyards in Texas are cordon trained and pruned, but this is not always the case. Cane pruning is recommended for varieties which do not produce fruit... avoids undue damage to endposts and anchor Wires when equipment turns at the end of rows. Number vineyard rows so that work assignments, irrigation schedules, etc., can be understood and sites located easily. PLANTING THE VINES Plant vines...

  4. Livestock Auctions in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKenzie, Travis M. (Travis McDonald); Brotherton, Charles B. (Charles Benjamin); McNeely, John G.

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    livestock needed by farmers are sold through the local market. This bulletin describes the local auctions in Texas with empha- sis on facilities, consignments, purchases, method of sale, trans- portation services and other important factors. The auctions... are I described by areas to permit comparisons of regional character- istics. The data summarized in the study pertain to 37 auctions / selected in 4 major geographical areas. The physical data are I supplemented by records of 35,000 sales...

  5. Texas Crop Profile: Spinach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Kent D.; Holloway, Rodney L.; Smith, Dudley

    2000-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    - gots, cucumber beetles, a variety of foliage feeders and several soil insects. Aphids Frequency of occurrence: In Texas, aphids are an occasional pest of spinach in 1 out of 4 years and will be a problem throughout the growing sea- son. Much..., applying insecticides and planting alternative host plants near spinach fields can help reduce aphid levels. Biological control practices: Parasitic wasps, syrphid flies and lady beetles are effective aphid parasites and predators. However, immature bene...

  6. Barley Production in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunkle, P. B. (Paul Burtch); Atkins, Irvin Milburn

    1941-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    grain sorghum, but should be ground for all classes of livestock. Barley is less subject to attack by rust than other small grains due to its early maturity. The common dimsieases, smut and slxipe, may be can- trolled by seed treatment. CONTENTS... Experimental Results ....................................... 16 Substation No. 6, Denton, Texas 16 Yields of Barley in Fall Sown Field Plat Trials 16 Yields of Barley in Fall Sown Nursery Plat Trials _-__----------- 19 Yields of Barley in Spring Sown...

  7. Butterfly Gardening in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drees, Bastiaan M.; Jackman, John A.

    1999-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    butterflies? migrate during late summer and fall. Plants that flower throughout the summer and into October and November attract migrating butterflies. Nursery flowers that are excellent nectar sources include white mist flower, Eupatorium wrightii, white... at http://agpublications.tamu.edu, http://entowww.tamu.edu/extension and http://entowww.tamu.edu/entoweb/buttermot.html. References Butterfly Gardening for the South by G. Ajilvsgi, 1990. Landscape Plants for Texas and Environs by M.A. Arnold, 1999. A...

  8. Selling Texas: an internship at the Texas Department of Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cross, Kelly D.

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Growers Conference Marshall Civic Center (Hotch Ramada) Contact: Jim Ihlson (81?) 831-0691 2?-30 Texas Association of School Boards Houston Contact: Debbie LaRoach (612) 46?-3611 2?-10/20 State Fair of Texas Dallas 28-10/1 International Western...

  9. Graduate Student Texas Tech University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelfond, Michael

    -14 _____________________________________________________________________ * This handbook has been prepared as a reference guide for students in the Master of Public Administration Program1 MPA Graduate Student Handbook Texas Tech University Master of Public Administration Program of Public Administration Program Department of Political Science Texas Tech University PO Box 41015 Lubbock

  10. Texas Agricultural Extension Service The Texas A&M University System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    far in West Texas). Potassium in West Texas normally exceeds the minimum needed for guar (and most that fertilizer requirements, particularly for dryland guar in West Texas, are low, but we don=t have muchTexas Agricultural Extension Service The Texas A&M University System Soil Test Information and Soil

  11. Texas Agricultural Extension Service The Texas A&M University System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    results are from four 1999 studies that were conducted in cooperation among West Texas Guar ContractorTexas Agricultural Extension Service The Texas A&M University System 1999 Studies for Guar, Texas growers and Calvin Trostle, Texas Ag. Extension Service, Lubbock. Each study represents the results

  12. Common Mistakes in West Texas Alfalfa Production Calvin Trostle, Extension Agronomy, Texas A&M--Lubbock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    Common Mistakes in West Texas Alfalfa Production Calvin Trostle, Extension Agronomy, Texas A educational materials for alfalfa producers in the Texas High Plains and Far West Texas. Look for further's `Texas Alfalfa Production' (http://lubbock.tamu.edu/othercrops) to help you realistically fit acreage

  13. Texas A&M Agriculture THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    on sandy soils in West Texas. We are excited about results of the first year's work on the 20 acres-CARES. There are at least 140 cotton varieties being offered today in West Texas. Texas A&M Agriculture is addressing-i- Texas A&M Agriculture THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM Agricultural Research and Extension

  14. Texas Agricultural Extension Service The Texas A&M University System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    Texas Agricultural Extension Service The Texas A&M University System Common Concerns in West Texas-6101 February 27, 2001 Sunflower acreage in West Texas may more than double in 2001 as growers facing high production in West Texas, both confectionary and oilseed, has been the subject of several recurring concerns

  15. Experimental studies of steam and steam-propane injection using a novel smart horizontal producer to enhance oil production in the San Ardo field 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivero Diaz, Jose Antonio

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    is the use of propane as a steam additive with the purpose of increasing recovery and accelerating oil production. The second process involves the use of a novel production configuration that makes use of a vertical injector and a smart horizontal producer...

  16. Experimental study of oil yields and properties of light and medium Venezuelan crude oils under steam and steam-propane distillation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plazas Garcia, Joyce Vivia

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Six experimental runs were carried out to study the yields for a light crude oil (34.2°API) and an intermediate crude oil (25.1°API) under steam distillation and steam-propane distillation. Yields, were measured at five temperatures, 110, 150, 200...

  17. Experimental and kinetic study of autoignition in methane/ethane/air and methane/propane/air mixtures under engine-relevant conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, J.; Bushe, W.K. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of British Columbia, 6950 Applied Science Lane, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada V6T 1Z4)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ignition delay of homogeneous methane/air mixtures enriched with small fractions of ethane/propane was measured using the reflected-shock technique at temperatures from 900 to 1400 K and pressures from 16 to 40 bar. The results show complex effects of ethane/propane on the ignition of methane, but a common trend observed with both hydrocarbons is an increased promotion effect for temperatures below 1100 K. A detailed kinetic mechanism was used to investigate the interaction between ethane/propane and the ignition chemistry of methane under the above conditions. It was found that at relatively low temperatures, the reactions between ethane/propane and methylperoxy (CH{sub 3}O{sub 2}) lead to an enhanced rate of formation of OH radicals in the initiation phase of the ignition. By systematically applying the quasi-steady-state assumptions to the intermediate species involved in the main reaction path identified, we have achieved an analytical description of the ignition process in the transitional temperature regime. The analytical solutions agree reasonably well with the detailed kinetic model and the experimental results for both ignition delay and concentrations of major intermediate species.

  18. An In-Situ XAS Study of the Structural Changes in a CuO-CeO2/Al2O3 Catalyst during Total Oxidation of Propane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silversmith, Geert; Poelman, Hilde; Poelman, Dirk; Gryse, Roger de [Ghent University, Department of Solid State Sciences, Krijgslaan 281 S1, B-9000 Gent (Belgium); Olea, Maria; Balcaen, Veerle; Heynderickx, Philippe; Marin, Guy B. [Ghent University, Laboratorium voor Petrochemische Techniek, Krijgslaan 281 S5, B-9000 Gent (Belgium)

    2007-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A CuOx-CeOx/Al2O3 catalyst was studied with in-situ transmission Cu K XAS for the total oxidation of propane as model reaction for the catalytic elimination of volatile organic compounds. The local Cu structure was determined for the catalyst as such, after pre-oxidation and after reduction with propane. The catalyst as such has a local CuO structure. No structural effect was observed upon heating in He up to 600 deg. C or after pre-oxidation at 150 deg. C. A full reduction of the Cu2+ towards metallic Cu0 occurred, when propane was fed to the catalyst. The change in local Cu structure during propane reduction was followed with a time resolution of 1 min. The {chi}(k) scans appeared as linear combinations of start and end spectra, CuO and Cu structure, respectively. However, careful examination of the XANES edge spectra indicates the presence of a small amount of additional Cu1+ species.

  19. Experimental study of oil yields and properties of light and medium Venezuelan crude oils under steam and steam-propane distillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plazas Garcia, Joyce Vivia

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Six experimental runs were carried out to study the yields for a light crude oil (34.2°API) and an intermediate crude oil (25.1°API) under steam distillation and steam-propane distillation. Yields, were measured at five temperatures, 110, 150, 200...

  20. Influence of low and high temperature coking of H-GaMFI propane aromatization catalyst on its surface and catalytic properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choudhary, V.R.; Kinage, A.K.; Devadas, P. [National Chemical Lab., Pune (India)] [and others] [National Chemical Lab., Pune (India); and others

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    H-Gallosilicate (MFI) (i.e., H-GaMFI) zeolite shows high activity/selectivity in the aromatization of lower alkanes, which is processes of treat practical importance. The high aromatization activity of this catalyst is attributed to its high dehydrogenation activity due to the presence of high dispersed nonframework Ga-oxide species (which are formed during hydrothermal synthesis and/or pretreatments to the zeolite) along with the zeolitic acid sites (or framework Ga), resulting in a bifunctional catalyst. However, this zeolite undergoes fast catalyst deactivation in the propane aromatization. The catalyst deactivation is attributed mainly to the coke formation on the zeolite. Earlier, a few studies have been reported on the deactivation of H-GaMFI zeolite in the propane aromatization. The catalyst deactivation is attributed mainly to the coke formation on the zeolite. Earlier, a few studies have been reported on the deactivation of H-GaMFI zeolite in the propane aromatization at 500-550{degrees}C for a short time-on-stream (10 h). It is interesting to know the effect of catalyst deactivation due to coking in the propane aromatization for much longer periods both at low (at 400{degrees}C) and high (at 550{degrees}C) temperatures on the product selectivity and also on the surface (viz., sorption capacity, acidity/acid strength distribution) and catalytic properties of the zeolite. The present investigation was undertaken for this purpose. 16 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

  1. Texas Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , of Texas AMUniversity Soil and Crop Sciences Department, studied how chemically-treated composted biosolids

  2. Pecan Propagation in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swallow, A. P.

    1924-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PECAN PROPAGATION IN TEXAS I SOIL AND CLIMATIC REQ:UIREMENTS The ideal condition for pecan production is to have the roots of the tree in perpetual, moderate moisture and the top in constant sunshine. Good pecan land should be fertile, deep, loose... it should be much deeper. Shallow soils cannot be relied upon to pro­ duce regular crops. Tight land prevents the growth of an extended root system, and is too uneven in its moisture content. The wood growing period of a pecan tree extends froInt the opening...

  3. Specialty Vegetables in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Longbrake, Thomas D.; Baker, Marvin L.; Cotner, Sam; Parsons, Jerry; Roberts, Roland; Stein, Larry

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    flowers may be stored a short time in plastic bags in refrigeration. Freeze whole small flowers in ice rings or cubes. \\ ' \\."" Edible Podded Peas, Snow Peas and Sugar Snaps Description. Pods of snow peas are flat and thin with the bulge of tiny... dllce their large roots after several years of growth. They are commonly found in frost-free regions. [n Texas, plant seed in the early spring and harvest small tubers before the first killing frost. The root or tuber initiation and development...

  4. Iodine in Texas Soils.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach); Fudge, J. F. (Joseph Franklin)

    1939-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , while the quantity of iodine in spinach bore a close relation to the quantity of iodine in the soil. The action. of the added iodine differed with the kind of soil. Hercus and Roberts (12) state that loam has a marked retentive power for soluble... in surface soils by soil types High 1 0 1 p. *. rn. Low p. p. m. .- 1.1 ........ 1.6 2.5 0.8 1.5 ........ ........ 1.1 ........ 2.0 East Texas Timber Country Upland soils with friable subsoils: Bowie fine sandy loam...

  5. Fertilizer Statistics for Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1927-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    * : .COI??b .... .m-w .+M 1.mim . -. 0. .' - .C\\lvcO. .w bb" .... ..... : : :-"2 crj c1. : ...... ..,.. 3 .... ... .... 12 BULLETIN NO. 350, TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION i . ... . . .v@J .am . .O .- .. .O) .LC),+@JWCOCO ... .--I.,+ .M .a... .LID) *ma- .t. .-CD~*W~ .. .OSW@J ... .-- -b~12o~nt.m* .-(3 .. .... .G F Cl In .@I .- [-@I ,350 -2 :z %GO T* .-?b . 01 : .. .-.a .... .3 3 c" .?I - .o -om.-, .a3 ... ..... ... ..... ... ..... .. .w*w .a .~,amb .CDO .moo- . .me .mnim-a .oa...

  6. Marketing Texas Goats.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeely, John G.; Tieken, A. W.

    1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . In 1937, all goat and sheep marketing were moved to a separate division. I ae ne. nts oi fron: I 7 I 'r and 1 ? and I , ' Development of an outlet for slaughte stocker goats brought increased volumt additional buyers. In 1940, the U. S.... Approximately 94 percent of the producers I sell their mohair through wool and mohair warehouses. Although grading and sorting are practiced in Texas, about 91 percent of the producers marketed their 1955 mohair in the "original bag." Approximately 47...

  7. Barley Production in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkins, I. M.; Gardenshire, J. H.; McDaniel, M. E.; Porter, K. B.

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nutrients. It is lower in nitrogenh extract and productive energy per I00 pounds lr feed, Table 4. Research Extension I] area sts 1-1 I" I uv I I - Y Barley is an excellent winter pasture, Figure ; While the total seasonal production for barley... from C.I. 7404, a Korean barley Wintex x Texan Sunrise x Bolivia Comfort, Purdue 1101, Wisconsin barbless, Chevron, Bolivia, Kentucky 1, Purdue 400-17 Texas x Ludwig [(Hooded 16 x Sunrise) x Tenwase] x Wong-Jet Juliaca x Peatland Selection from...

  8. Research on the Morphology of Precipitation and Runoff in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, R.A.

    TR-15 1969 Research on the Morphology of Precipitation and Runoff in Texas R.A. Clark Texas Water Resources Institute Texas A&M University ...

  9. The preliminary result from spectra of $K^0_s ?^-$ in reaction p+propane at 10 GeV/c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Zh. Aslanyan

    2006-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The experimental data from 2m propane bubble chamber have been analyzed to search for scalar meson $\\kappa(800)$ in a $K^0_s\\pi$ decay mode for the reaction p+$C_3H_8$ at 10 GeV/c. The $K^0_s\\pi^-$ invariant mass spectrum has shown resonant structures with $M_{K^0_s\\pi^-}$=730, 900 and $\\Gamma$=143, 48 MeV/$c^2$, respectively. The statistical significance are estimated to be of 14.2$\\sigma$ and 4.2$\\sigma$, respectively. The peak in M(900) is identified as reflection from the well known resonance with mass of 892 MeV/c$^2$.

  10. TIME-VARYING FLAME IONIZATION SENSING APPLIED TO NATURAL GAS AND PROPANE BLENDS IN A PRESSURIZED LEAN PREMIXED (LPM) COMBUSTOR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. L. Straub; B. T. Chorpening; E. D. Huckaby; J. D. Thornton; W. L. Fincham

    2008-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In-situ monitoring of combustion phenomena is a critical need for optimal operation and control of advanced gas turbine combustion systems. The concept described in this paper is based on naturally occurring flame ionization processes that accompany the combustion of hydrocarbon fuels. Previous work has shown that flame ionization techniques may be applied to detect flashback, lean blowout, and some aspects of thermo-acoustic combustion instabilities. Previous work has focused on application of DC electric fields. By application of time-varying electric fields, significant improvements to sensor capabilities have been observed. These data have been collected in a lean premixed combustion test rig operating at 0.51-0.76 MPa (5-7.5 atm) with air preheated to 588 K (600°F). Five percent of the total fuel flow is injected through the centerbody tip as a diffusion pilot. The fuel composition is varied independently by blending approximately 5% (volume) propane with the pipeline natural gas. The reference velocity through the premixing annulus is kept constant for all conditions at a nominal value of 70 m/s. The fuel-air equivalence ratio is varied independently from 0.46 – 0.58. Relative to the DC field version, the time-varying combustion control and diagnostic sensor (TV-CCADS) shows a significant improvement in the correlation between the measured flame ionization current and local fuel-air equivalence ratio. In testing with different fuel compositions, the triangle wave data show the most distinct change in flame ionization current in response to an increase in propane content. Continued development of this sensor technology will improve the capability to control advanced gas turbine combustion systems, and help address issues associated with variations in fuel supplies.

  11. Compressible Solution Properties of Amorphous Polystyrene-block-Polybutadiene, Crystalline Polystyrene-block-Poly(Hydrogenated Polybutadiene) and Their Corresponding Homopolymers: Fluid-Fluid, Fluid-Solid and Fluid-Micelle Phase Transitions in Propane and Propylene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hong, Kunlun [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Winoto, Winoto [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Radosz, Maciej [University of Wyoming, Laramie

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract Polystyrene, polybutadiene, hydrogenated polybutadiene, and styrene diblock copolymers of these homopolymers can form homogenous solutions in compressible solvents, such as propane and propylene, which separate into two bulk phases upon reducing pressure. The cloud and micellization pressures for homopolymer and diblock copolymers are generally found to be higher in propane than in propylene, except for hydrogenated polybutadiene and polystyrene-block-(hydrogenated polybutadiene). Hydrogenated polybutadiene homopolymers and copolymers exhibit relatively pressure-independent crystallization and melting observed in both propane and propylene solutions.

  12. Sharing Texas resources: interpretation handbook for the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrick, Tommie L.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sharing Texas Resources: Interpretation Handbook for the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Tommie L. Herrick Nay 1994 Record of Study SHARZNG TEXAS RESOURCES: INTERPRETATION HANDBOOK POR THE TEXAS PARKS AND WILDLIFE DEPARTMENT A... Department Natural Resources Development SHARING TEXAS RESOURCES: INTERPRETATION HANDBOOK FOR THE TEXAS PARKS AND WILDLIFE DEPARTNENT A Professional Paper by Tommie L. Herrick Approved as to style and content by: Dr. Edward H. Heath (Chairman...

  13. PACE-Texas Market Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drieling, V.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Constructed Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) – CBECS, 2012 ESL-KT-14-11-36 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 © Copyright Johnson Controls, Inc. All rights reserved. Johnson Controls, Inc... prohibited.9 Texas Energy Consumption Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) 9% of the U.S. Commercial Consumption ESL-KT-14-11-36 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 © Copyright Johnson Controls, Inc...

  14. Texas 4-H Ambassador Handbook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Locke, Darlene

    2009-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Idea Sharing? form, which is on page 13 of this handbook. The pages will be kept in a file at the Texas 4-H Conference Center to share with counties seeking ideas for building a strong ambassador program. 4-H Ambassador pins and name... AMBASSADOR PROGRAM 12 Many of the sites have up-to-date in- formation on 4-H demographics and programming. As new support materials are de- veloped, files will be posted on Am- bassador Program link to the Texas 4-H home page. This ?Texas 4-H Ambassador...

  15. Texas Energy Code Compliance Collaborative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbert, C.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    document these practices? What is the role of alternative code compliance programs like EnergyStar? What is the role of third party inspectors? 15 ESL-KT-13-12-29 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec... Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 7 Source: ACEEE Building Energy Codes Program 2010 ESL-KT-13-12-29 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 Residential (Single Family Residences And Duplexes...

  16. Texas Uranium Exploration, Surface Mining, and Reclamation Act (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Railroad Commission of Texas is the regulatory authority for uranium surface mining. Law authorizes the Commission to assure that reclamation of mining sites is possible, to protect land owners...

  17. Texas Gas Service- Residential Solar Water Heating Rebate Program (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Texas Gas Service offers a flat rebate of $750 for its residential customers within the Austin and Sunset Valley city limits for the installation and purchase of a new solar water heater with...

  18. Texas-New Mexico Power Company- Residential Energy Efficiency Programs (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Texas-New Mexico Power's (TNMP) Residential Standard Offer Program promotes energy efficiency among residential electricity customers in its Texas service area. The program provides incentives for...

  19. Lubbock, Texas 79409-5005 Phone: (806) 742-1480

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    /Affirmative Action Institution Texas Private High School Certification TEXAS Grant Admission to a Texas Public University Top 10 to be eligible for consideration for admission to a public university. However, a student of a Texas private high

  20. The novel hypoxic cytotoxin, TX-2098 has antitumor effect in pancreatic cancer; possible mechanism through inhibiting VEGF and hypoxia inducible factor-1{alpha} targeted gene expression

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miyake, Kotaro, E-mail: hif.panc@gmail.com [Department of Surgery, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima 770-8503 (Japan)] [Department of Surgery, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima 770-8503 (Japan); Nishioka, Masanori; Imura, Satoru; Batmunkh, Erdenebulgan [Department of Surgery, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima 770-8503 (Japan)] [Department of Surgery, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima 770-8503 (Japan); Uto, Yoshihiro [Department of Biological Science and Technology, Institute of Socio Technosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima 770-8503 (Japan)] [Department of Biological Science and Technology, Institute of Socio Technosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima 770-8503 (Japan); Nagasawa, Hideko [Laboratory of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Gifu Pharmaceutical University, Gifu 501-1196 (Japan)] [Laboratory of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Gifu Pharmaceutical University, Gifu 501-1196 (Japan); Hori, Hitoshi [Department of Biological Science and Technology, Institute of Socio Technosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima 770-8503 (Japan)] [Department of Biological Science and Technology, Institute of Socio Technosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima 770-8503 (Japan); Shimada, Mitsuo [Department of Surgery, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima 770-8503 (Japan)] [Department of Surgery, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima 770-8503 (Japan)

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tumor hypoxia has been considered to be a potential therapeutic target, because hypoxia is a common feature of solid tumors and is associated with their malignant phenotype. In the present study, we investigated the antitumor effect of a novel hypoxic cytotoxin, 3-[2-hydroxyethyl(methyl)amino]-2-quinoxalinecarbonitrile 1,4-dioxide (TX-2098) in inhibiting the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1{alpha} (HIF-1{alpha}), and consequently vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) expression in pancreatic cancer. The antitumor effects of TX-2098 under hypoxia were tested against various human pancreatic cancer cell lines using WST-8 assay. VEGF protein induced pancreatic cancer was determined on cell-free supernatant by ELISA. Moreover, nude mice bearing subcutaneously (s.c.) or orthotopically implanted human SUIT-2 were treated with TX-2098. Tumor volume, survival and expression of HIF-1 and associated molecules were evaluated in treatment versus control groups. In vitro, TX-2098 inhibited the proliferation of various pancreatic cancer cell lines. In s.c model, tumors from nude mice injected with pancreatic cancer cells and treated with TX-2098 showed significant reductions in volume (P < 0.01 versus control). Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR analysis revealed that TX-2098 significantly inhibited mRNA expression of the HIF-1 associated molecules, VEGF, glucose transporter 1 and Aldolase A (P < 0.01 versus control). These treatments also prolong the survival in orthotopic models. These results suggest that the effect of TX-2098 in pancreatic cancer might be correlated with the expression of VEGF and HIF-1 targeted molecules. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We designed and synthesized novel hypoxic cytoxin, TX-2098. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer TX-2098 inhibited the proliferation of human pancreatic cancer cells than TPZ. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer TX-2098 reduced VEGF protein level than TPZ. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer TX-2098 inhibited mRNA expression of VEGF, GLUT1 and Aldolase A, not HIF-1{alpha}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer TX-2098 improved the survival in orthotopic SUIT-2 xenograft model.

  1. Texas Water Pollution Control Officers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    , the amount of energy savings and estimated reduction in pollution achieved as a result of the implementation of the programs, and then provide the information to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, the United States Environmental Protection Agency...

  2. Texas Stream Team Special Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Stream Team Special Projects · TMDL and Watershed Protection Plan Projects · Steering ­ Transparency tube ­ E. coli · Web site resources · Materials ­ Maps, Watershed Models Orange County Adams training sessions · Quality control · NPS education sessions · Volunteers of the month · Orange county

  3. Texas Poultry Pest Control Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Kent D.; Holloway, Rodney L.; Carey, John B.; Hoelscher, Clifford E.

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A 1996 survey of 242 Texas poultry operators found that fire ants and darling beetles have emerged as major pests in the industry. Survey results included types of poultry operations, pests, control methods and needs, and differences in operations...

  4. Refund for Economic Development (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Refund for Economic Development under the Tax Code for state tax refunds for economic development. Some Texas property owners may be eligible to receive refunds of state sales and use taxes and...

  5. Texas Rice, Highlights in Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for release. The varieties have allowed the introduction by BASF Corporation and use of Newpath, Beyond, and Clearpath herbicides in rice production. Newpath control of red rice has been very important in many production regions of Texas. Optimum red rice...

  6. Texas Rice, Highlights in Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    &M University and the owner of the herbicide resistance gene associated with Clearfield Technology, BASF. X-rice: Texas Mutant Rice That May Answer Query For Function Controlled By Specific Dna Sequence Mutants are odds since these usually have unusual...

  7. Spatial Water Balance in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Seann; Maidment, David; Patoux, Jerome

    Water availability is critical to the economy in the state of Texas. Numerous reservoirs and conveyance structures have been constructed across the State to meet the water supply needs of farmers, municipalities, industries, and power generating...

  8. Community Water Demand in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, Ronald C.; Chang, Chan

    Solutions to Texas water policy and planning problems will be easier to identify once the impact of price upon community water demand is better understood. Several important questions cannot be addressed in the absence of such information...

  9. Austin Energy- Net Metering (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Austin Energy, the municipal utility of Austin Texas, offers net metering for renewable energy systems up to 20 kilowatts (kW) to its non-residential retail electricity customers. The definition of...

  10. Solid Waste Disposal Act (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality is responsible for the regulation and management of municipal solid waste and hazardous waste. A fee is applied to all solid waste disposed in the...

  11. Soil and Water Conservation (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board is established to encourage and oversee soil-conserving land-use practices, and to provide for the conservation of soil and related resources and...

  12. Texas Industries of the Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferland, K.

    The purpose of the Texas Industries of the Future program is to facilitate the development, demonstration and adoption of advanced technologies and adoption of best practices that reduce industrial energy usage, emissions, and associated costs...

  13. Growing Oats in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkins; I. M.; McDaniel, M. E.; Gardenhire, J. H.

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .8 77.1 53.3 65.2 239 Stephenville 1466 Nov. 13 Jk~r. 2: Overton 520 63 43.9 28.7 76.3 55.3 65.8 249 Nov. 17 Mar, 1: Area IV: McGregor 713 34 31.6 27.6 Temple 740 5 6 34.0 27.3 '78.9 55.6 67.3 252 Nov. 22 3T#3* '* Area V: College Station 308 78 39...-spring type varieties, such as Aouston, Florida 500, Coronado, Cortez and rIthprs may be fall sown in South Texas. Oats can be fitted into rotation schemes to 1 ii~e~,;ifp labor and income in all parts of the .:ate. They are usually seeded in the fall...

  14. Opportunities for Enhancing the Texas Food-Processing Industry.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wildenthal, Marie; Capps, Oral Jr; Goodwin, H.L. Jr; Williams, Gary W.; Nichols, John P.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tooe ZTA245.7 ~lrt9~-T~_ LIBRARY TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY JAN 24 1995 TEXAS STATE DOCUMENTS TEXAS STATE DEPOSITORY B-1719 NOVEMBER 1994 OPPORTUNITIES FOR ENHANCING THE TEXAS FOOD-PROCESSING INDUSTRY Texas Agricultural Experiment Station... ? Edward A. Hiler, Director? The Texas A&M University System ? College Station, Texas / (Blank Page in OrigIUIllblletiBl ' "f .? . ~ Opportunities for Erihancing the Texas Food-Processing Industry , Marie Wildenthal Oral Capps, Jr. H. L. Goodwin...

  15. Farm Mortgage Financing in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Virgil P. (Virgil Porter)

    1925-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    POULTRY HUSBANDRY R. M. SHERWOOD, M. S., Chief MAIN STATION FARM D. T. KILLOUGH, B. S., Superintendent STATE APICULTURAL RESEARCH LAB- ORATORY (San Antonio) H. B. PARKS. B. S.. Apiculturist in Charge State Eritomologist A. H. ALEX. B. S.. Queen... Mortgage and ~nvestmeni combany of San Antonio, Texas. The names of the prospective borrower and the inspector were purposely omitted by the company. FARM MORTGAGE FINANCING IN TEXAS 2 1 commodities it will produce, but the prices of these products...

  16. Hay Harvesting Costs in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, James T.; Taylor, Wayne D.; Berry, Todd W.

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ......... 10 COMPARING HAY HARVESTING ALTERNATIVES ................... 11 INVESTMENT DECISIONS CONCERNING MACHINERy ...... 13 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS .............. 15 James T. Long, Wayne D. Taylor and Todd W. Berry* INTRODUCTION Making profitable decisions... and lead to a less profitable and less Texas farmers and ranchers are confronted with methods of harvesting forage. Generally, graz is the cheapest harvest method. However, some ical hay harvesting and feeding is necessary Texas operations.' area...

  17. Marketing Wool Through Texas Warehouses.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabbard, L. P. (Letcher P.); Campbell, Fred R.; Davis, Stanley P.

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    # EACH DOT REPRESENTS FIFTY THOUSAND POUNDS OF WOOL Figure 1. Wool production in Texas, 1950. Digest This bulletin gives the results of a study made recently on the marketing of Texas wool through local warehouses. Ninety warehouses... marketing facilities, beginning about 1870. One or more ware- houses are now located in practically every county seat on the Edwards Plateau, the main wool-producing area. Providing a center for the concentration of wool clips is the principal service...

  18. Direct growth of few-layer graphene on 6H-SiC and 3C-SiC/Si via propane chemical vapor deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michon, A.; Vezian, S.; Portail, M. [CNRS-CRHEA, Rue Bernard Gregory, 06560 Valbonne (France); Ouerghi, A. [CNRS-LPN, Route de Nozay, 91460 Marcoussis (France); Zielinski, M.; Chassagne, T. [NOVASiC, Savoie Technolac, Arche Bat 4, BP267, 73375 Le Bourget du Lac (France)

    2010-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose to grow graphene on SiC by a direct carbon feeding through propane flow in a chemical vapor deposition reactor. X-ray photoemission and low energy electron diffraction show that propane allows to grow few-layer graphene (FLG) on 6H-SiC(0001). Surprisingly, FLG grown on (0001) face presents a rotational disorder similar to that observed for FLG obtained by annealing on (000-1) face. Thanks to a reduced growth temperature with respect to the classical SiC annealing method, we have also grown FLG/3C-SiC/Si(111) in a single growth sequence. This opens the way for large-scale production of graphene-based devices on silicon substrate.

  19. Nanostructure of Solid Precipitates Obtained by Expansion of Polystyrene-block-Polybutadiene Solutions in Near Critical Propane: Block Ratio and Micellar Solution Effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Green, Jade [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Tyrrell, Zachary [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Radosz, Maciej [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In contrast to incompressible liquid solutions, compressible near-critical solutions of block copolymers allow for controlling rapid structure transformations with pressure alone. For example, when dissolved in near-critical propane, polystyrene-block-polybutadiene can form a random molecular solution at high pressures, a micellar solution at moderate pressures, and a solvent-free precipitate at low pressures. In contrast to the unstructured virgin copolymer, such a propane-treated precipitate rapidly self-assembles toward structures characteristic of equilibrated block copolymers, such as lamellae, spheres, or cylinders, which depend on the block ratio rather than on the decompression rate or temperature, at least within the rate and temperature ranges investigated in this work. At lower temperatures, however, say below 40 C, glass transition of the styrene-butadiene diblocks can inhibit independent structure formation, while crystallization of their hydrogenated-butadiene analogues can preserve the micellar-solution structure.

  20. Deuteration Can Impact Micellization Pressure and Cloud Pressure of Polystyrene-block-polybutadiene and Polystyrene-block-polyisoprene in Compressible Propane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winoto, Winoto [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Shen, Youqin [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Radosz, Maciej [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The deuterated homopolymers and their corresponding polystyrene-block-polybutadiene and polystyrene-block-polyisoprene copolymers require lower cloud pressures than their hydrogenous analogues to dissolve in a compressible alkane solvent, such as propane. For symmetric diblocks, deuteration reduces the micellization pressure. By contrast, for asymmetric diblocks with a long diene block relative to the styrene block, deuteration can increase the micellization pressure. All in all, however, the deuteration effects, while measurable, do not qualitatively change the principal diblock properties in compressible propane solutions, such as pressure-induced micelle decomposition, micelle formation and micelle size, and their temperature dependence. Therefore, isotope labeling should be a useful approach to neutron-scattering characterization for styrene-diene block copolymers in compressible alkane systems.