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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Small Wind Guidebook/What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need < Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site? * How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? * Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid? * Can I Go Off-Grid? * State Information Portal * Glossary of Terms * For More Information What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need?

2

Small gas turbine technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Small Gas Turbine Technology: Small gas turbine, in the power range up to 500 kW, requires a recuperated thermodynamic cycle to achieve an electrical efficiency of about 30%. This efficiency is the optimum, which is possible for a cycle pressure ratio of about 4–1. The cycle airflow is function of the power requirement. To increase the efficiency, in view to reduce the CO2 emission, it is mandatory to develop a more efficient thermodynamic cycle. Different thermodynamic cycles were examined and the final choice was made for an Intercooled, Recuperated cycle. The advantage of this cycle, for the same final electrical efficiency of about 35%, is the smaller cycle airflow, which is the most dimensional parameter for the important components as the heat exchanger recuperator and the combustion chamber. In parallel with the thermodynamic cycle it is necessary to develop the High Speed Alternator technology, integrated on the same shaft that the gas turbine rotating components, to achieve the constant efficiency at part loads, from 50% up to 100%, by the capacity to adjust the engine speed at the required load. To satisfy the stringent requirement in pollutant emissions of \\{NOx\\} and CO, the catalytic combustion system is the most efficient and this advance technology has to be proven. The major constraints for the small gas turbine technology development are the production cost and the maintenance cost of the unit. In the power range of 0–500 kW the gas turbine technology is in competition with small reciprocating engines, which are produced in large quantity for automotive industry, at a very low production cost.

Andre Romier

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Installing Small Wind Turbines Seminar and Workshop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seminar and Workshop Installing Small Wind Turbines Seminar and Workshop Location: Murdoch January 2011 Details for Registration and Payment: Mr Daniel Jones, National Small Wind Turbine Test: The National Small Wind Turbine Centre at Murdoch University is holding a Small Wind Turbine short training

4

NREL: Wind Research - Small Wind Turbine Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Wind Turbine Research Small Wind Turbine Research The National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Small Wind Project's objectives are to reduce barriers to wind energy expansion, stabilize the market, and expand the number of small wind turbine systems installed in the United States. "Small wind turbine" refers to a turbine smaller than or equal to 100 kilowatts (kW). "Distributed wind" includes small and midsize turbines (100 kW through 1 megawatt [MW]). Since 1996, NREL's small wind turbine research has provided turbine testing, turbine development, and prototype refinement leading to more commercially available small wind turbines. Work is conducted under the following areas. You can also learn more about state and federal policies

5

NREL: Wind Research - Small Wind Turbine Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Wind Turbine Development Small Wind Turbine Development A photo of Southwest Windpower's Skystream wind turbine in front of a home. PIX14936 Southwest Windpower's Skystream wind turbine. A photo of the Endurance wind turbine. PIX15006 The Endurance wind turbine. A photo of the Atlantic Orient Corporation 15/50 wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center. PIX07301 The Atlantic Orient Corporation 15/50 wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center. NREL supports continued market expansion of small wind turbines by funding manufacturers through competitive solicitations (i.e., subcontracts and/or grants) to refine prototype systems leading to commercialization. Learn more about the turbine development projects below. Skystream NREL installed and tested an early prototype of this turbine at the

6

Small Wind Turbine Certifications Signal Maturing Industry  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

More than a dozen small wind turbine models have received certification to the U.S. industry standard from accredited certification bodies. This progress signals a maturing industry and that the DOE Wind Program is on track to reach its goal of certifying 40 turbine models by 2020.

7

NREL: Wind Research - Small Wind Turbine Webinars  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Wind Turbine Webinars Small Wind Turbine Webinars Here you will find webinars about small wind turbines that NREL hosted. Introducing WindLease(tm): Making Wind Energy Affordable NREL and the American Solar Energy Society (ASES) Wind Division co-hosted this webinar. (Text Version.) Date: August 1, 2013 Run Time: 40 minutes Joe Hess, VP of Business Development at United Wind, described United Wind's WindQuote and WindLease Program and explained the process from the dealer's and consumer's perspective. Texas Renewable Energy Industries Association NREL and the American Solar Energy Society (ASES) Wind Division co-hosted this webinar. (Text Version). Date: March 7, 2013 Run Time: 1 hour Russel Smith, Texas Renewable Energy Industries Association executive director and co-founder, provided an overview of the trade association

8

Wake Flow Simulations for a Mid-Sized Rim Driven Wind Turbine  

SciTech Connect

The onshore land where wind farms with conventional wind turbines can be places is limited by various factors including a requirement for relatively high wind speed for turbines' efficient operations. Where such a requirement cannot be met, mid-and small-sized turbines can be a solution. In the current paper simulations for near and for wakes behind a mid-sized Rim Driven Wind Turbine developed by Keuka Energy LLC is analyzed. The purposes of this study is to better understand the wake structure for more efficient wind farm planning. Simulations are conducted with the commercial CFD software STARCCM+

Rob O. Hovsapian; Various

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Distributed Wind Market Report: Small Turbines Lead to Big Growth...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Growth in Exports August 18, 2014 - 12:13pm Addthis 1 of 11 Three 100 kilowatt (kW) wind turbines in Bisaccia, Italy. Last year, U.S. small wind turbines were exported to more than...

10

Small Wind Guidebook/How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Small Wind Guidebook/How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine Small Wind Guidebook/How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine < Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site? * How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? * Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid? * Can I Go Off-Grid? * State Information Portal * Glossary of Terms

11

Overview: Zoning for Small Wind Turbines  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Overview: Overview: Zoning for Small Wind Turbines Jim Green NREL ASES Small Wind Division Webinar January 17, 2008 2 Zoning Basics * Zoning is one form of land use law * Based on legal principle of "police power:" the power to regulate in order to promote the health, morals, safety, and general welfare of the community * Zoning authority originates from state laws called "zoning enabling legislation" - Standard Zoning Enabling Act, Dept. of Commerce, 1920s * Enabling legislation delegates land use authority to local jurisdictions, "Home Rule" - counties, parishes, boroughs, townships, municipalities, cities, villages, etc. 3 Zoning is Daunting * 3,034 counties (National Association of Counties) * 16,504 townships * 19,429 municipalities (National League of Cities)

12

WINDExchange Webinar: Small and Distributed Wind Turbine Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Save the date for this free webinar presenting an overview of recent news and updates pertaining to small and distributed wind turbines.

13

WINDExchange Webinar: Small and Distributed Wind Turbine Update...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

an overview of recent news and updates pertaining to small and distributed wind turbines. Bret Barker, U.S. Department of Energy, will present a DOE program overview,...

14

NREL: Wind Research - Small and Distributed Wind Turbine Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

research is to increase consumer confidence in and the number of certified small wind turbines on the market through certification testing, to improve performance, and to reduce...

15

An introduction to the small wind turbine project  

SciTech Connect

Small wind turbines are typically used for the remote or rural areas of the world including: a village in Chile; a cabin dweller in the U.S.; a farmer who wants to water his crop; or a utility company that wants to use distributed generation to help defer building new transmission lines and distribution facilities. Small wind turbines can be used for powering communities, businesses, homes, and miscellaneous equipment to support unattended operation. This paper covers the U.S. Department of Energy/National Renewable Energy Laboratory Small Wind Turbine project, its specifications, its applications, the subcontractors and their small wind turbines concepts. 4 refs., 4 figs.

Forsyth, T.L.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Mid-Size Wind Turbines | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Mid-Size Wind Turbines Jump to: navigation, search A Vergnet GEV MP C 275-kW turbine at the Sandywoods Community, Rhode island. Photo from Stefan Dominioni/Vergnet S.A., NREL 26490. The U.S. Department of Energy defines mid-size wind turbines as 101 kilowatts to 1 megawatt.[1] Resources Kwartin, R.; Wolfrum, A.; Granfield, K.; Kagel, A.; Appleton, A. (2008). An Analysis of the Technical and Economic Potential for Mid-Scale Distributed Wind. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Accessed September 27, 2013. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Midsize Wind Turbine Research. Accessed September 27, 2013. This webpage discusses efforts to develop and commercialize mid-size wind turbines in the United States. References

17

Structural-borne sound mitigation in small wind turbines using constrained viscoelastic layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As the growing acceptance of small wind turbines operating in suburban and rural communities coincides with increasingly stringent regulations on the sound emitted by these turbines the need for sound mitigation solutions becomes urgent. Small turbines need to be affordable for small business use and thus proposed solutions must be cost-effective and low maintenance. Easy retrofit to existing turbines is also desirable. Wind turbines generate sound via two main mechanisms: structural borne sound generated by the gearbox and generator and transmitted through the nacelle structure and aeroacoustic sound generated by the interaction of the airstream with the rotating blades and other turbine components. Current study focused on the mitigation of structural-borne sound in a 50 kW wind turbine using a constrained viscoelastic layer. The viscoelastic layer comprised of multiple tiles with normal force to the nacelle structure provided by ratcheting bands. Optimal value for the normal force was empirically determined and the resulting reductions in generated sound were documented both in the laboratory and on a working turbine under a number of operating conditions. The result is a cost-effective solution with zero cost of ownership and easy installation on a wide range of small to medium-size wind turbines.

Nic Strum; David Sampson; Ali Kheirabadi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Characterisation of a small viscous flow turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The result of experimental and numerical study that was undertaken to determine the performance characteristics of viscous flow turbines is presented. It is anticipated that these devices may find use in applications such as small power sources for electronic appliances and micro-combined heat and power applications. In the numerical work that was carried out to broaden the experimental results, commercial CFD solver Fluent 6.2 was used while accompanying software, Gambit 3.2, was used for performing the necessary pre-processing. The results of the experimental study indicate that the adiabatic efficiency of these machines is around 25%. The main reasons for the low efficiency have been identified to be, parasitic losses in the bearing, viscous losses in the end walls, and other dissipative losses in the plenum chamber that also significantly contribute to the low efficiencies of these devices. If these parasitic losses can be minimised the turbine could potentially operate with an adiabatic expansion efficiency close to the theoretical limit of around 40%.

E. Lemma; R.T. Deam; D. Toncich; R. Collins

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

DWEA Webinar: IRS Guidance for Small Wind Turbines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has issued Notice 2015-4 providing new performance and quality standards of small wind turbines – defined as having a nameplate capacity of up to 100 kW – in...

20

Quiet airfoils for small and large wind turbines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Thick airfoil families with desirable aerodynamic performance with minimal airfoil induced noise. The airfoil families are suitable for a variety of wind turbine designs and are particularly well-suited for use with horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWTs) with constant or variable speed using pitch and/or stall control. In exemplary embodiments, a first family of three thick airfoils is provided for use with small wind turbines and second family of three thick airfoils is provided for use with very large machines, e.g., an airfoil defined for each of three blade radial stations or blade portions defined along the length of a blade. Each of the families is designed to provide a high maximum lift coefficient or high lift, to exhibit docile stalls, to be relatively insensitive to roughness, and to achieve a low profile drag.

Tangler, James L. (Boulder, CO); Somers, Dan L. (Port Matilda, PA)

2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

A Review of "Small-Scale Wind Turbines Policy Perspectives and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ERG/200607 A Review of "Small-Scale Wind Turbines ­ Policy Perspectives and Recommendations of Engineering Mathematics at Dalhousie University. #12;Hughes-Long: A Review of Small-Scale Wind Turbines proposed changes to their municipal Bylaws to allow the installation of "small-scale" wind turbines (i

Hughes, Larry

22

Testing Small Wind Turbine Generators: Design of a Driving Dynamometer Stephen Rehmeyer Pepe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Testing Small Wind Turbine Generators: Design of a Driving Dynamometer by Stephen Rehmeyer Pepe Sc, Berkeley Spring 2007 #12;Testing Small Wind Turbine Generators: Design of a Driving Dynamometer Copyright c 2007 by Stephen Rehmeyer Pepe #12;Abstract Testing Small Wind Turbine Generators: Design of a Driving

Kammen, Daniel M.

23

Characterization of noise from an isolated intermediate-sized wind turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Community-based wind power companies provide subscriptions to individual homeowners and businesses for power generated by a locally installed turbine. Typically such turbines are of an intermediate size such as the Vestas V20 120-kW turbines operated by the Cascade Community Wind Company in several locations within Washington state. This model turbine has a tower height of 80 feet with a rotor diameter of 60 ft. Each turbine is installed individually on leased land with no other turbines nearby. Noise measurements of a turbine located in Thorp WA were obtained in a variety of weather conditions. On several occasions with low to moderate wind speeds the turbine was stopped enabling the calculation of noise due to the turbine only. Results will be presented showing spectral content and sound pressure level contours for a range of wind speeds.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Reliable, Efficient and Cost-Effective Electric Power Converter for Small Wind Turbines Based on AC-link Technology  

SciTech Connect

Grid-tied inverter power electronics have been an Achilles heel of the small wind industry, providing opportunity for new technologies to provide lower costs, greater efficiency, and improved reliability. The small wind turbine market is also moving towards the 50-100kW size range. The unique AC-link power conversion technology provides efficiency, reliability, and power quality advantages over existing technologies, and Princeton Power will adapt prototype designs used for industrial asynchronous motor control to a 50kW small wind turbine design.

Darren Hammell; Mark Holveck; DOE Project Officer - Keith Bennett

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

WIND-TUNNEL STUDY ON AERODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE OF SMALL VERTICAL-AXIS WIND TURBINES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 WIND-TUNNEL STUDY ON AERODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE OF SMALL VERTICAL-AXIS WIND TURBINES J. J. Miau*1 were carried out to study the aerodynamic performance of three vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs. On the other hand, the characteristics of unsteady flow around the helical wind turbine were studied with a hot

Leu, Tzong-Shyng "Jeremy"

26

Tax Credit for Manufacturers of Small Wind Turbines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tax Credit for Manufacturers of Small Wind Turbines Tax Credit for Manufacturers of Small Wind Turbines Tax Credit for Manufacturers of Small Wind Turbines < Back Eligibility Industrial Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Start Date 01/01/03 State Oklahoma Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Rebate Amount Based on square footage of rotor swept area: 25.00/ft^2 for 2005 through 2012 Provider Oklahoma Tax Commission '''''Note: After a 2 year moratorium on all state tax credits, this credit may be claimed for tax year 2012 and subsequent tax years, for small wind turbines manufactured on or after July 1, 2012.''''' Oklahoma offers an income tax credit to the manufacturers of small wind turbines for tax years 2003 through 2012. Oklahoma manufacturers of wind turbines with a rated capacity of between 1 kilowatt (kW) and 50 kW are

27

Keeping America Competitive: Bringing Down the Cost of Small Wind Turbines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Keeping America Competitive: Bringing Down the Cost of Small Wind Keeping America Competitive: Bringing Down the Cost of Small Wind Turbines Keeping America Competitive: Bringing Down the Cost of Small Wind Turbines January 23, 2013 - 2:26pm Addthis Bison standing in front of a 10 kW wind turbine manufactured by Bergey Windpower Company. | Photo by Northwest Seed, NREL. Bison standing in front of a 10 kW wind turbine manufactured by Bergey Windpower Company. | Photo by Northwest Seed, NREL. Mark Higgins Operations Supervisor, Wind & Water Power Technologies Office How can I participate? Interested in a small wind turbine for your home? Here's information to guide you. How do we stay competitive in the global wind energy market? A key component is continued leadership in manufacturing small wind turbines - those rated at 100 kilowatts or less.

28

SHIRTBUTTON-SIZED GAS TURBINES: THE ENGINEERING CHALLENGES OF MICRO HIGH SPEED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulta- neously, holding out the promise of low production cost. Such assemblies are known as microSHIRTBUTTON-SIZED GAS TURBINES: THE ENGINEERING CHALLENGES OF MICRO HIGH SPEED ROTATING MACHINERY Alan H. Epstein, Stuart A. Jacobson, Jon M. Protz, Luc G. Fréchette Gas Turbine Laboratory

Frechette, Luc G.

29

Strategies for Refining IEC 61400-2: Wind Turbine Generator Systems - Part 2: Safety of Small Wind Turbines: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides a status of the changes currently being made by IEC Maintenance Team 02 (MT02) to the existing IEC 61400-2 ''Safety of small wind turbines.'' In relation to the work done by IEC MT02, work has been done by NREL and Windward Engineering under the DOE/NREL Small Wind Turbine (SWT) Project. Aeroelastic models were built and measurements taken on a Whisper H40 turbine and an AOC 15/50. Results from this study were used to verify the simple design equations. This verification will be used to evaluate how changes made in the design load estimation section of the standard work out for a broad range of turbine configurations. The work presented here builds on work performed by Van Hulle (1996).

van Dam, J. J. D. (Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands); Forsyth, T. L. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory); Hansen, A. C. (Windward Engineering LLC)

2001-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

30

Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Emerging...

31

Some considerations on the optimum size for geothermal turbine  

SciTech Connect

The main focus of this work is to show the maximum capacity that is possible from a geothermal turbine. The theorical analysis is made using the concept of the maximum length of the last wheel blades. The theoretical results are compared with the main manufacturers existing information on steam turbines for geothermal application. This work also shows some operational concepts and observations from the central plants installed in the Mexican geothermal fields. In Mexico, from approximately 1970 to present, 28 turbines for geothermal application have been acquired. These turbines have capacities ranging from 1.5 MW to 110 MW, with a total installed capacity of 753 MW. To expand the installed capacity, we would be required to improve the way turbines are selected for all new geothermal projects. Because of the diverse panorama of steam geothermal turbines that are offered at the present time, it is very important to know the maximum capacity that one could get for the established thermodynamic conditions of the steam in the Mexican fields, in order to exploit the resource in the most efficient, economical and functional manner.

Cadenas, C. [CFE Gerencia de Proyectos Geotermoelectricos, Morelia (Mexico)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

32

NREL Innovations Contribute to an Award-Winning Small Wind Turbine (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The Skystream 3.7 wind turbine is the result of a decade-long collaboration between the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Southwest Windpower, a commercially successful small wind turbine manufacturer. NREL drew heavily on its research experience to incorporate innovations into the Skystream 3.7, including a unique blade design that makes the wind turbine more efficient and quieter than most.

Not Available

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Swept Blade Aero-Elastic Model for a Small Wind Turbine (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

A preprocessor for analyzing preswept wind turbines using the in-house aero-elastic tool coupled with a multibody dynamic simulator was developed. A baseline 10-kW small wind turbine with straight blades and various configurations that featured bend-torsion coupling via blade-tip sweep were investigated to study their impact on ultimate loads and fatigue damage equivalent loads.

Damiani, R.; Lee, S.; Larwood, S.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Regional Field Verification -- Operational Results from Four Small Wind Turbines in the Pacific Northwest: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes four small wind turbines installed in the Pacific Northwest under DOE/NREL's Regional Field Verification Program between 2003 and 2004 and summarizes operational data from each site.

Sinclair, K.; Raker, J.

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Challenges and strategies for increasing adoption of small wind turbines in urban areas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A student group at MIT in cooperation with the MIT Department of Facilities is currently working to install a Skystream 3.7 wind turbine on MIT's campus. This has raised several questions about how to best develop small ...

Ferrigno, Kevin J. (Kevin James)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Acoustic and thermal packaging of small gas turbines for portable power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To meet the increasing demand for advanced portable power units, for example for use in personal electronics and robotics, a number of studies have focused on portable small gas turbines. This research is concerned with ...

Tanaka, Shinji, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

The efficiency of using gas turbine technologies in developing small oil-and-gas-condensate deposits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper considers the technical and economic features of using stream-gas and gas-turbine power generators in developing small oil-and-gas-condensate deposits in Irkutsk oblast under conditions of carrying o...

A. M. Karasevich; A. V. Fedyaev; G. G. Lachkov; O. N. Fedyaeva

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

NREL Small Wind Turbine Test Project: Mariah Power's Windspire Wind Turbine Test Chronology  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a chronology of tests conducted at NREL's National Wind Technology Center on Mariah Power's Windspire 1.2-kW wind turbine and a letter of response from Mariah Power.

Huskey, A.; Forsyth, T.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Small wind turbine emulator with armature controlled separately excited DC motor via analogue electronic circuit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a small wind turbine emulator (WTE) using separately excited DC motor is modelled, designed, simulated, implemented and tested. A 1 HP separately excited DC motor is used to emulate the characteristics of the rotor of small wind turbine. The DC motor is driven by a thyristor bridge with closed-loop cascaded PI controller for armature control. A separately excited DC generator with a variable resistive load is directly coupled to the DC motor. A small cheap analogue electronic circuit, with less interfacing, is used to generate a specific reference wind turbine speed based on the wind turbine rotor characteristics and the mechanical wind power available. Simulation and experimental results are compared to proof the validity and accuracy of the WTE.

A. Mahdy; S.M. El-Hakim; Hanafy Hassan Hanafy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Regional Field Verification -- Case Study of Small Wind Turbines in the Pacific Northwest: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy/National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (DOE/NREL) Regional Field Verification (RFV) project supports industry needs for gaining initial field operation experience with small wind turbines and verify the performance, reliability, maintainability, and cost of small wind turbines in diverse applications. In addition, RFV aims to help expand opportunities for wind energy in new regions of the United States by tailoring projects to meet unique regional requirements and document and communicate the experience from these projects for the benefit of others in the wind power development community and rural utilities. Between August 2003 and August 2004, six turbines were installed at different host sites. At least one year of data has been collected from five of these sites. This paper describes DOE/NREL's RFV project, reviews some of the lessons learned with regards to small wind turbine installations, summarizes operations data from these sites, and provides preliminary BOS costs.

Sinclair, K.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Controller for a small induction-generator based wind-turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Design of a low-cost micro-controller for a small induction-generator based grid-connected wind-turbine is presented in this paper. The controller senses the parameters of the wind-turbine generator and the grid, and makes decisions about grid connection and disconnection. Low-cost instrumentation circuitry has been developed to measure the generator and grid parameters. Based on the measurement of voltage and frequency of the wind-turbine generator and the grid side, a control decision is taken to connect the system to the grid. The controller makes decision to disconnect the system from the grid based on the power flow measurement between the wind turbine and the grid. The power flow between wind turbine and the grid depends upon the availability of the wind. The prototype controller has been developed based on a micro-controller PIC16F877 and has been tested in the laboratory.

R. Ahshan; M.T. Iqbal; George K.I. Mann

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

R and D for improved efficiency, small steam turbines: Phase I. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect

Results of an investigation of the development of a class of highly efficient steam turbines in the 500 to 5000 horsepower range are presented; these new machines are expected to have efficiences between 70 and 85%. The turbines are based on the concept of one or more high-speed radial inflow turbine modules driving a low-speed bull gear. Each module operates then at optimal specific speed, which yields high efficiency compared to the partial admission Curtiss stages currently used. The project has two phases. Phase 1 includes investigation and interpretation of the market for small steam turbines and definition of the radial inflow turbine (RIT) configurations best suited to penetrate a significant portion of this market. Phase 1 concludes with a recommended configuration. (MCW)

None

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Building Technologies Office: Small- and Medium-Sized Building Automation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small- and Medium-Sized Small- and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Small- and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Small- and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Small- and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Small- and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Small- and Medium-Sized Building

44

Small Wind Turbines Taking Off: Q&A with Andy Kruse | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Wind Turbines Taking Off: Q&A with Andy Kruse Small Wind Turbines Taking Off: Q&A with Andy Kruse Small Wind Turbines Taking Off: Q&A with Andy Kruse June 9, 2010 - 10:36am Addthis Andy Kruse, senior vice president of Southwest Windpower. Andy Kruse, senior vice president of Southwest Windpower. Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE "That whole movement is growing like I have never seen it before. And, at the same time, we are seeing a lot of more demand for large scale utility systems.... There is significant opportunity there." Andy Kruse Q&A with Andy Kruse of Southwest Windpower In the 1980s, Andy Kruse was living off the grid, generating electricity from a small solar energy system, on a cattle ranch outside Flagstaff, Ariz. In a quest for more energy, he found a business partner, who was

45

Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... with his torical notes and some explanations of the principles involved in the working of turbines. This is fol lowed by three chapters on water-wheels, ... . This is fol lowed by three chapters on water-wheels, turbine pumps, and water ...

1922-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

46

The right size matters: Investigating the offshore wind turbine market equilibrium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although early experiences indicate that the maturity of deployed technology might not be sufficient for operating wind farms in large scale far away from shore, the rapid development of offshore wind energy is in full progress. Driven by the demand of customers and the pressure to keep pace with competitors, offshore wind turbine manufacturers continuously develop larger wind turbines instead of improving the present ones which would ensure reliability in harsh offshore environment. Pursuing the logic of larger turbines generating higher energy yield and therefore achieving higher efficiency, this trend is also supported by governmental subsidies under the expectation to bring down the cost of electricity from offshore wind. The aim of this article is to demonstrate that primarily due to the limited wind resource upscaling offshore wind turbines beyond the size of 10 MW (megawatt) is not reasonable. Applying the planning methodology of an offshore wind project developer to a case study wind farm in the German North Sea and assessing energy yield, lifetime project profitability and levelized cost of electricity substantiate this thesis. This is highly interesting for all stakeholders in the offshore wind industry and questions current subsidy policies supporting projects for developing turbines up to 20 MW.

Nikolaus Ederer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Development and Test Plans for a small Vertical Axis Turbine Designed and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development and Test Plans for a small Vertical Axis Turbine Designed and Development and Test Plans for a small Vertical Axis Turbine Designed and Built by the Russian State Rocket Center under Berkeley Lab auspices Speaker(s): Anthony Radspieler Jr. Glen Dahlbacka Joseph Rasson Date: March 4, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Berkeley Lab Engineering Division teamed with Empire Magnetics, Rohnert Park and the Makeyev State Rocket Center under a DOE NNSA non-proliferation project to develop and test a series of small wind turbines of vertical axis design. Over the years, about 100 Russian scientists and engineers worked on the project and the hydrodynamic, aerodynamic and mechanical test facilities of the SRC were used. The objective was to create a highly manufacturable Darieus unit with a modest Tip Speed Ratio (quiet and low

48

Development and Validation of an Aeroelastic Model of a Small Furling Wind Turbine: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Small wind turbines often use some form of furling (yawing and/or tilting out of the wind) to protect against excessive power generation and rotor speeds in high winds.The verification study demonstrated the correct implementation of FAST's furling dynamics. During validation, the model tends to predict mean rotor speeds higher than measured in spite of the fact that the mean furl motion and rotor thrust are predicted quite accurately. This work has culminated with an enhanced version of FAST that should prove to be a valuable asset to designers of small wind turbines.

Jonkman, J. M.; Hansen, A. C.

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Small-scale wind turbines in cities and suburbs S Tullis, K Aly, R Bravo, A Fiedler, S Kooiman, K McLaren S Ziada  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Small-scale wind turbines in cities and suburbs S Tullis, K Aly, R Bravo, A Fiedler, S Kooiman, K wind turbines in the urban environment: Current Research at McMaster University Nominal performance #12;Horizontal axis small wind turbines Numerous suppliers of turbines for tower/field installation

Tullis, Stephen

50

Building Toward a Small Wind Turbine Site Assessor Credential (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Proper site assessment is integral to the development of a successful small wind project. Without a small wind site assessor certification program, consumers, including state incentive program managers, lack a benchmark for differentiating between qualified and nonqualified site assessors. A small wind site assessor best practice manual is being developed as a resource for consumers until a credential program becomes available. This presentation describes the purpose, proposed content, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's approach to the development of such a manual.

Sinclair, K.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

2011 U.S. Small Wind Turbine Market Report  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of Energy's funding for small wind, state and school programs was minimal. The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service guidelines contain language acceptable to the industry, but...

52

Design of a High Temperature Small Particle Solar Receiver for Powering a Gas Turbine Engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design of a High Temperature Small Particle Solar Receiver for Powering a Gas Turbine Engine Dr. Fletcher Miller SDSU Department of Mechanical Engineering Abstract Solar thermal power for electricity for the California desert and in other appro- priate regions worldwide. Current technology relies on steam Rankine

Ponce, V. Miguel

53

DOE Seeking Proposals to Advance Distributed Wind Turbine Technology...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Project (CIP). The CIP aims to help U.S. manufacturers of small and mid-sized wind turbines with rotor swept areas up to 1,000 square meters improve their turbine designs and...

54

Certification for Small Wind Turbine Installers: What's the Hang Up?; Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Several programs have been implemented to support the advancement of a professional, mature small wind industry and to ensure that this industry moves forward in a sustainable direction. The development of a standard for small wind turbine systems and the creation of the Small Wind Certification Council support small wind technology that is reliable and safe. Consumers and incentive programs will ultimately rely on certification to differentiate among systems sold in the U.S. market. Certification of small wind installers is yet another component deemed necessary for this industry to expand. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory, under the guidance and funding support of the U.S. Department of Energy, supported the development of small wind system installer certification provided via the North American Board of Certified Energy Practitioners. However, the small wind community is not supportive of the installer certification. There are currently only nine certified installers in the U.S. pool. This paper provides an overview of the installer certification program and why more small wind turbine installers are not pursuing this certification.

Oteri, F.; Sinclair, K.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Effects of temperature and particle size on deposition in land based turbines - article no. 051503  

SciTech Connect

Four series of tests were performed in an accelerated deposition test facility to study the independent effects of particle size, gas temperature, and metal temperature on ash deposits from two candidate power turbine synfuels (coal and petcoke). The facility matches the gas temperature and velocity of modern first stage high pressure turbine vanes while accelerating the deposition process. Particle size was found to have a significant effect on capture efficiency with larger particles causing significant thermal barrier coating (TBC) spallation during a 4 h accelerated test. In the second series of tests, particle deposition rate was found to decrease with decreasing gas temperature. The threshold gas temperature for deposition was approximately 960{sup o}C. In the third and fourth test series, impingement cooling was applied to the back side of the target coupon to simulate internal vane cooling. Capture efficiency was reduced with increasing mass flow of coolant air; however, at low levels of cooling, the deposits attached more tenaciously to the TBC layer. Postexposure analyses of the third test series (scanning electron microscopy and X-ray spectroscopy) show decreasing TBC damage with increased cooling levels.

Crosby, J.M.; Lewis, S.; Bons, J.P.; Ai, W.G.; Fletcher, T.H. [Brigham Young University, Provo, UT (United States). Dept. for Mechanical Engineering

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

Abstract--This paper proposes a methodology to decide the optimal matching between the size of the rotor of a wind turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the rotor of a wind turbine and the rated power of a permanent magnet synchronous machine. This is made of the wind turbine, the gearbox's transformation ratio, the battery voltage and the wind speed probability's rated power and the wind turbine's rotor size. The system studied in this paper consists of 220 (V)/50

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

57

Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Through the Use of Environmentally Sound Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Through the Use of Environmentally Sound Technologies: : Assessing the Potential for the Development of Second-generation Biofuels in the ESCWA Region Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass Topics: Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices

58

Chapter 9 - Hydraulic Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter covers the following topics: Features of hydraulic turbines; Early history and development; Efficiency of various types of turbine; Size of the various turbine types; The Pelton wheel turbine and controlling its speed; Energy losses; Reaction turbines; The Francis and the Kaplan turbines; Calculation of performance; Effect of size on the performance of hydraulic turbines; Cavitation and its avoidance; Calculation of the various specific speeds of turbines; The Wells turbine- Design and performance variables; Tidal power turbines- The SeaGen tidal turbine and its operational principles.

S.L. Dixon; C.A. Hall

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Energy Efficiency Programs for Small and Medium Sized Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

site. In this paper, we will examine the ways in which decisions are made in small and medium-sized facilities. A review of existing energy efficiency programs geared toward this sector will be analyzed. We will look into some of the failures...

Shipley, A. M.; Elliott, R. N.

60

Flow Simulations of a Rotating MidSized Rim Driven Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

relatively high free stream wind velocities that limit the geographic areas suitable for wind energy. The Keuka rimdriven wind turbine (RDWT) (U.S. Patent 7399162) developed by Keuka Energy LLC is one wind turbine designed for wind energy extraction in locations of wind class three

Maccabe, Barney

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

ARE660 Wind Generator: Low Wind Speed Technology for Small Turbine Development  

SciTech Connect

This project is for the design of a wind turbine that can generate most or all of the net energy required for homes and small businesses in moderately windy areas. The purpose is to expand the current market for residential wind generators by providing cost effective power in a lower wind regime than current technology has made available, as well as reduce noise and improve reliability and safety. Robert W. Preus’ experience designing and/or maintaining residential wind generators of many configurations helped identify the need for an improved experience of safety for the consumer. Current small wind products have unreliable or no method of stopping the wind generator in fault or high wind conditions. Consumers and their neighbors do not want to hear their wind generators. In addition, with current technology, only sites with unusually high wind speeds provide payback times that are acceptable for the on-grid user. Abundant Renewable Energy’s (ARE) basic original concept for the ARE660 was a combination of a stall controlled variable speed small wind generator and automatic fail safe furling for shutdown. The stall control for a small wind generator is not novel, but has not been developed for a variable speed application with a permanent magnet alternator (PMA). The fail safe furling approach for shutdown has not been used to our knowledge.

Robert W. Preus; DOE Project Officer - Keith Bennett

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

62

NETL: News Release - Enabling Turbine Technologies for Hydrogen Fuels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September 8, 2005 September 8, 2005 Enabling Turbine Technologies for Hydrogen Fuels Turbine Program Advances Ultra-Clean, Coal-Based Systems WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy Turbine Technology R&D Program was recently expanded with the selection of 10 new projects valued at $130 million. The new program will advance turbines and turbine subsystems for integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plants, and address the use of hydrogen in small-scale turbines for industrial applications. Resulting technologies will operate cleanly and efficiently when fueled with coal-derived hydrogen or synthesis gas. Turbines can generate electrical power on a large scale-in central power stations sized 250 megawatts and larger-or on a small scale-in local, industrial power systems sized 1-100 megawatts. Small-scale systems also produce mechanical power for jet engines, compressors, heating systems, and other applications.

63

Advanced Integral-type Small-size PWR - SMART  

SciTech Connect

SMART - an advanced integral-type small-size PWR has been developed for the dual purpose applications of seawater desalination and small-scale power generation. SMART, rated thermal power of 330 MW, adopts various new and innovative design features along with proven PWR technologies, and the non-site-specific basic design has been completed. Highly enhanced safety and reliability, improved performance, simplicity, and modularization are those of strongly emphasized design philosophies which were applied to the system design. The inherent safety improving design and passive safety design features are the key safety design features uniquely characterizing SMART compared to the conventional loop-type reactors. Various transients and accidents were analyzed for the SMART basic design, and the results confirm that safety is assured with margins in any postulated transient and accident. Further, the level-1 full power PSA shows that the core damage frequency is about two orders of magnitude less than those of the existing conventional PWRs. Based on the safety and reliability analyses, it is found that design optimization will further improve the level of safety. Various design verification efforts have been carried out and others are currently underway. (authors)

Chang, Moon H.; Zee, Sung Q.; Kim, Keung K.; Kim, Si-Hwan [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, P. O. Box 105, Yuseong, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Regional Field Verification Project--Operational Results from Four Small Wind Turbines (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

A poster describing two years of operating data for four Bergey, 10-kW wind turbines on different host sites in the Pacific Northwest.

Sinclair, K.; Raker, J.

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Exit blade geometry and part-load performance of small axial flow propeller turbines: An experimental investigation  

SciTech Connect

A detailed experimental investigation of the effects of exit blade geometry on the part-load performance of low-head, axial flow propeller turbines is presented. Even as these turbines find important applications in small-scale energy generation using micro-hydro, the relationship between the layout of blade profile, geometry and turbine performance continues to be poorly characterized. The experimental results presented here help understand the relationship between exit tip angle, discharge through the turbine, shaft power, and efficiency. The modification was implemented on two different propeller runners and it was found that the power and efficiency gains from decreasing the exit tip angle could be explained by a theoretical model presented here based on classical theory of turbomachines. In particular, the focus is on the behaviour of internal parameters like the runner loss coefficient, relative flow angle at exit, mean axial flow velocity and net tangential flow velocity. The study concluded that the effects of exit tip modification were significant. The introspective discussion on the theoretical model's limitation and test facility suggests wider and continued experimentation pertaining to the internal parameters like inlet vortex profile and exit swirl profile. It also recommends thorough validation of the model and its improvement so that it can be made capable for accurate characterization of blade geometric effects. (author)

Singh, Punit; Nestmann, Franz [Institute for Water and River Basin Management (IWG), University of Karlsruhe, Kaiser Str. 12, D 76128 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Physical modeling of wind turbine generators in a small scale analog system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This project represents the physical modeling and experimental test of a Doubly-fed Induction Machine (DFIM), in order to substantially analyze the characteristic behaviors of wind turbines and its use in the micro-grid ...

Wang, Xuntuo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

R and D for improved efficiency small steam turbines. Phase II. Second quarterly technical report  

SciTech Connect

The detailed design of a radial inflow steam turbine (RIT) comprised of two radial inflow turbine stages driving a common bull gear/output shaft designed for rated speeds of 70,000 rpm and 52,500 rpm, respectively, is described. Details are presented on: aerodynamic design; high speed rotors; high speed rotor bearings; high speed rotor sealing; gearing; output shaft; static structure; and predicted performance. (MCW)

Not Available

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Byers Auto Group: A Case Study Into The Economics, Zoning, and Overall Process of Installing Small Wind Turbines at Two Automotive Dealerships in Ohio (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation provides the talking points about a case study on the installation of a $600,000 small wind project, the installation process, estimated annual energy production and percentage of energy needs met by the turbines.

Sinclair, K.; Oteri, F.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Byers Auto Group: A Case Study Into The Economics, Zoning, and Overall Process of Installing Small Wind Turbines at Two Automotive Dealerships in Ohio  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides the talking points about a case study on the installation of a $600,000 small wind project, the installation process, estimated annual energy production and percentage of energy needs met by the turbines.

Oteri, F.; Sinclair, K.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Assessment of off-design performance of a small-scale combined cooling and power system using an alternative operating strategy for gas turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A small-scale combined cooling and power (CCP) system usually serves district air conditioning apart from power generation purposes. The typical system consists of a gas turbine and an exhaust gas-fired absorption refrigerator. The surplus heat of the gas turbine is recovered to generate cooling energy. In this way, the CCP system has a high overall efficiency at the design point. However, the CCP system usually runs under off-design conditions because the users’ demand varies frequently. The operating strategy of the gas turbine will affect the thermodynamic performance of itself and the entire CCP system. The operating strategies for gas turbines include the reducing turbine inlet temperature (TIT) and the compressor inlet air throttling (IAT). A CCP system, consisting of an OPRA gas turbine and a double effects absorption refrigerator, is investigated to identify the effects of different operating strategies. The CCP system is simulated based on the partial-load model of gas turbine and absorption refrigerator. The off-design performance of the CCP system is compared under different operating strategies. The results show that the IAT strategy is the better one. At 50% rated power output of the gas turbine, the IAT operating strategy can increase overall system efficiency by 10% compared with the TIT strategy. In general, the IAT operating strategy is suited for other gas turbines. However, the benefits of IAT should be investigated in the future, when different gas turbine is adopted. This study may provide a new operating strategy of small scale gas turbine to improve the off-design performance of CCP system.

Wei Han; Qiang Chen; Ru-mou Lin; Hong-guang Jin

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Development of a Low NOx Medium sized Industrial Gas Turbine Operating on Hydrogen-Rich Renewable and Opportunity Fuels  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the accomplishments at the completion of the DOE sponsored project (Contract # DE-FC26-09NT05873) undertaken by Solar Turbines Incorporated. The objective of this 54-month project was to develop a low NOx combustion system for a medium sized industrial gas turbine engine operating on Hydrogen-rich renewable and opportunity Fuels. The work in this project was focused on development of a combustion system sized for 15MW Titan 130 gas turbine engine based on design analysis and rig test results. Although detailed engine evaluation of the complete system is required prior to commercial application, those tasks were beyond the scope of this DOE sponsored project. The project tasks were organized in three stages, Stages 2 through 4. In Stage 2 of this project, Solar Turbines Incorporated characterized the low emission capability of current Titan 130 SoLoNOx fuel injector while operating on a matrix of fuel blends with varying Hydrogen concentration. The mapping in this phase was performed on a fuel injector designed for natural gas operation. Favorable test results were obtained in this phase on emissions and operability. However, the resulting fuel supply pressure needed to operate the engine with the lower Wobbe Index opportunity fuels would require additional gas compression, resulting in parasitic load and reduced thermal efficiency. In Stage 3, Solar characterized the pressure loss in the fuel injector and developed modifications to the fuel injection system through detailed network analysis. In this modification, only the fuel delivery flowpath was modified and the air-side of the injector and the premixing passages were not altered. The modified injector was fabricated and tested and verified to produce similar operability and emissions as the Stage 2 results. In parallel, Solar also fabricated a dual fuel capable injector with the same air-side flowpath to improve commercialization potential. This injector was also test verified to produce 15-ppm NOx capability on high Hydrogen fuels. In Stage 4, Solar fabricated a complete set of injectors and a combustor liner to test the system capability in a full-scale atmospheric rig. Extensive high-pressure single injector rig test results show that 15-ppm NOx guarantee is achievable from 50% to 100% Load with fuel blends containing up to 65% Hydrogen. Because of safety limitations in Solar Test Facility, the atmospheric rig tests were limited to methane-based fuel blends. Further work to validate the durability and installed engine capability would require long-term engine field test.

Srinivasan, Ram

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

72

Small and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs Scoping  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small and Medium-Sized Building Automation Small and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs Scoping Study Small and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs Scoping Study The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is currently conducting a scoping research study of small- and medium-sized building automation and control system needs. Project Description This project seeks to develop a scoping study to identify the building automation system needs-such as end-uses and systems to be controlled-and control capabilities for small- and medium-sized buildings. Researchers also plan to develop a case study to show that building controls for small- and medium-sized buildings can be cost-effective. The monitoring needs to ensure proper and persistent operations will also be identified.

73

Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Michael Brambley, Ph.D. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Michael.Brambley@pnnl.gov (509) 375-6875 April 2, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Problem Statement * Less than 10% of the buildings have building automation systems (BAS) * Over 90% of buildings stock either: - small (<5,000 sf) or - medium-sized (between 5,000 sf and 50,000 sf)

74

Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Michael Brambley, Ph.D. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Michael.Brambley@pnnl.gov (509) 375-6875 April 2, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Problem Statement * Less than 10% of the buildings have building automation systems (BAS) * Over 90% of buildings stock either: - small (<5,000 sf) or - medium-sized (between 5,000 sf and 50,000 sf)

75

Distributed Wind Turbines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Distributed Wind Turbines Distributed Wind Turbines Addthis 1 of 11 Three 100 kilowatt (kW) wind turbines in Bisaccia, Italy. Last year, U.S. small wind turbines were exported to...

76

1 - An Overview of Gas Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary The gas turbine is a power plant that produces a great amount of energy depending on its size and weight. The gas turbine has found increasing service in the past 60 years in the power industry among both utilities and merchant plants as well as the petrochemical industry throughout the world. The utilization of gas turbine exhaust gases, for steam generation or the heating of other heat transfer mediums, or the use of cooling or heating buildings or parts of cities is not a new concept and is currently being exploited to its full potential. The aerospace engines have been leaders in most of the technology in the gas turbine. The design criteria for these engines were high reliability, high performance, with many starts and flexible operation throughout the flight envelope. The industrial gas turbine has always emphasized long life and this conservative approach has resulted in the industrial gas turbine in many aspects giving up high performance for rugged operation. The gas turbine produces various pollutants in the combustion of the gases in the combustor. These include smoke, unburnt hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and oxides of nitrogen. The gas turbine is a power plant that produces a great amount of energy depending on its size and weight. It has found increasing service in the past 60 years in the power industry among both utilities and merchant plants, as well as in the petrochemical industry. Its compactness, low weight and multiple fuel application make it a natural power plant for offshore platforms. Today there are gas turbines that run on natural gas, diesel fuel, naphtha, methane, crude, low-BTU gases, vaporized fuel oils and biomass gases. The last 20 years have seen a large growth in gas turbine technology, spearheaded by the growth in materials technology, new coatings, new cooling schemes and combined cycle power plants. This chapter presents an overview of the development of modern gas turbines and gas turbine design considerations. The six categories of simple-cycle gas turbines (frame type heavy-duty; aircraft-derivative; industrial-type; small; vehicular; and micro) are described. The major gas turbine components (compressors; regenerators/recuperators; fuel type; and combustors) are outlined. A gas turbine produces various pollutants in the combustion of the gases in the combustor and the potential environmental impact of gas turbines is considered. The two different types of combustor (diffusion; dry low NOx, (DLN) or dry low emission (DLE)), the different methods to arrange combustors on a gas turbine, and axial-flow and radial-inflow turbines are described. Developments in materials and coatings are outlined.

Meherwan P. Boyce

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Wind Tunnel Aerodynamic Tests of Six Airfoils for Use on Small Wind Turbines; Period of Performance: October 31, 2002--January 31, 2003  

SciTech Connect

Wind Tunnel Aerodynamic Tests of Six Airfoils for Use on Small Wind Turbinesrepresents the fourth installment in a series of volumes documenting the ongoing work of th University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Low-Speed Airfoil Tests Program. This particular volume deals with airfoils that are candidates for use on small wind turbines, which operate at low Reynolds numbers.

Selig, M. S.; McGranahan, B. D.

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

A Simplified Self-Help Approach to Sizing of Small-Scale Cogeneration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

applications for buildings are best served by small-scale systems such as a combustion turbine or engine coupled with a generator and a waste heat boiler. Natural gas and light fuel oils are the fuels best suited to these systems. Gas-fired Cogeneration systems... Cogeneration systems, which use a wide range of conventional fuels (natural gas, diesel fuel, gasoline or propane) and well-developed engines and generator sets. The packaged units are skid-mounted with appropriate controls and electrical switchgear included...

Somasundaram, S.; Turner, W. D.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Comparing Server Energy Use and Efficiency Using Small Sample Sizes  

SciTech Connect

This report documents a demonstration that compared the energy consumption and efficiency of a limited sample size of server-type IT equipment from different manufacturers by measuring power at the server power supply power cords. The results are specific to the equipment and methods used. However, it is hoped that those responsible for IT equipment selection can used the methods described to choose models that optimize energy use efficiency. The demonstration was conducted in a data center at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California. It was performed with five servers of similar mechanical and electronic specifications; three from Intel and one each from Dell and Supermicro. Server IT equipment is constructed using commodity components, server manufacturer-designed assemblies, and control systems. Server compute efficiency is constrained by the commodity component specifications and integration requirements. The design freedom, outside of the commodity component constraints, provides room for the manufacturer to offer a product with competitive efficiency that meets market needs at a compelling price. A goal of the demonstration was to compare and quantify the server efficiency for three different brands. The efficiency is defined as the average compute rate (computations per unit of time) divided by the average energy consumption rate. The research team used an industry standard benchmark software package to provide a repeatable software load to obtain the compute rate and provide a variety of power consumption levels. Energy use when the servers were in an idle state (not providing computing work) were also measured. At high server compute loads, all brands, using the same key components (processors and memory), had similar results; therefore, from these results, it could not be concluded that one brand is more efficient than the other brands. The test results show that the power consumption variability caused by the key components as a group is similar to all other components as a group. However, some differences were observed. The Supermicro server used 27 percent more power at idle compared to the other brands. The Intel server had a power supply control feature called cold redundancy, and the data suggest that cold redundancy can provide energy savings at low power levels. Test and evaluation methods that might be used by others having limited resources for IT equipment evaluation are explained in the report.

Coles, Henry C.; Qin, Yong; Price, Phillip N.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Development and Commissioning of a Small/Mid-Size Wind Turbine Test Facility: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the development and commissioning tests of the new Clarkson University/Center for Evaluation of Clean Energy Technology Blade Test Facility. The facility is a result of the collaboration between the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority and Intertek, and is supported by national and international partners. This paper discusses important aspects associated with blade testing and includes results associated with modal, static, and fatigue testing performed on the Sandia National Laboratories' Blade Systems Design Studies blade. An overview of the test capabilities of the Blade Test Facility are also provided.

Valyou, D.; Arsenault, T.; Janoyan, K.; Marzocca, P.; Post, N.; Grappasonni, G.; Arras, M.; Coppotelli, G.; Cardenas, D.; Elizalde, H.; Probst, O.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Energy Conservation Through Heating/Cooling Retrofits in Small and Medium-Sized Industrial Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses energy conservation projects in the area of industrial environment heating and cooling that have been recommended by the Texas A&M University Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) to small and medium-sized industries in Texas...

Saman, N.; Eggebrecht, J.

82

Development of Small Size Claude Cycle Helium Refrigerator with Micro Turbo-Expander  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the field of small size helium refrigerators, need for a maintenance free and vibration free system is rapidly increasing, especially for the application to cryoelectronic devices such as NMR-CT and Josephs...

H. Izumi; S. Harada; K. Matsubara; S. Saito

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

include some offshore wind turbines. That said, the factoffshore wind still accounts for a relatively small portion of Vestas’ turbine

Bolinger, Mark

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Energy Department Accepting Small Business Grant Applications for Large Wind Turbines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Energy Department began accepting applications on November 24 for its FY 2015 Phase 1 grant topics, including a Wind Program topic, under the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs to help small businesses develop and deliver market-driven clean energy technologies.

85

Optimal Controller Design of a Wind Turbine with Doubly Fed Induction Generator for Small Signal Stability Enhancement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multi-objective optimal controller design of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) wind turbine system using Differential Evolution ( ... this chapter. A detailed mathematical model of DFIG wind turbine with a ...

Lihui Yang; Guang Ya Yang; Zhao Xu; Zhao Yang Dong; Yusheng Xue

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Perceived environmental uncertainty and strategic alliances in small and medium-sized enterprises  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study analyses the importance that small and medium-sized enterprises attach to forming strategic alliances according to the environmental uncertainty they perceive. The uncertainty is obtained by applying Duncan's (1972) typology, combining environmental dynamism and complexity. A sample of small and medium-sized enterprises from the Canary Islands (Spain) was studied during 2005, and the Rasch methodology was applied together with non-parametric tests (Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney). The conclusion reached is that the greater the uncertainty perceived, the greater the importance small and medium-sized enterprises attach to strategic alliances. Furthermore, the group of small and medium-sized enterprises that perceive their environment as being highly uncertain and that attach more importance to forming strategic alliances are characterised by being larger than other small and medium-sized enterprises. This study makes an important contribution by considering the perceptions of managers of small and medium-sized enterprises as key determining factors in understanding these firms' strategic processes. This contribution is reinforced through the use of the Rasch methodology.

Ana Maria García-Pérez; Vanessa Yanes-Estévez; Juan Ramón Oreja-Rodríguez

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Wind turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

turbine turbine Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Wind turbine: A machine that converts wind energy to mechanical energy; typically connected to a generator to produce electricity. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Contents 1 Types of Wind Turbines 1.1 Vertical Axis Wind Turbines 1.2 Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines 2 Wind Turbine Sizes 3 Components of a Wind Turbine 4 References Types of Wind Turbines There are two basic wind turbine designs: those with a vertical axis (sometimes referred to as VAWTs) and those with a horizontal axis (sometimes referred to as HAWTs). There are several manufacturers of vertical axis turbines, but they have not penetrated the "utility scale" (100 kW capacity and larger) market to the same degree as horizontal axis turbines.[1]

88

IRS Issues New Tax Credit Guidance for Owners of Small Wind Turbines  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Installing small, distributed wind energy systems can help homeowners and businesses save money on their energy bills.  Now that tax filing season is here, there are even more ways to financially...

89

Testing Small Wind Turbines at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

WindPower 2008 conference sponsored by AWEA held in Houston, Texas on June 1-4, 2008. This poster describes four small wind electric systems that were tested to IEC and AWEA standards at NREL's NWTC.

Sinclair, K.; Bowen, A.

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

The axial gas-dynamic forces acting on the rotor of a small gas-turbine engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The exact determination is discussed of the axial gas-dynamic forces acting on the rotor of a gas-turbine engine (GTE), which influence reliability....

S. S. Evgen’ev; R. R. Zalyaev

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

FUEL CELL/MICRO-TURBINE COMBINED CYCLE  

SciTech Connect

A wide variety of conceptual design studies have been conducted that describe ultra-high efficiency fossil power plant cycles. The most promising of these ultra-high efficiency cycles incorporate high temperature fuel cells with a gas turbine. Combining fuel cells with a gas turbine increases overall cycle efficiency while reducing per kilowatt emissions. This study has demonstrated that the unique approach taken to combining a fuel cell and gas turbine has both technical and economic merit. The approach used in this study eliminates most of the gas turbine integration problems associated with hybrid fuel cell turbine systems. By using a micro-turbine, and a non-pressurized fuel cell the total system size (kW) and complexity has been reduced substantially from those presented in other studies, while maintaining over 70% efficiency. The reduced system size can be particularly attractive in the deregulated electrical generation/distribution environment where the market may not demand multi-megawatt central stations systems. The small size also opens up the niche markets to this high efficiency, low emission electrical generation option.

Larry J. Chaney; Mike R. Tharp; Tom W. Wolf; Tim A. Fuller; Joe J. Hartvigson

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Condensation on Surface Energy Gradient Shifts Drop Size Distribution toward Small Drops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Condensation on Surface Energy Gradient Shifts Drop Size Distribution toward Small Drops Ashley M condensation from vapor onto a cooled surface, distributions of drops evolve by nucleation, growth is condensed onto a horizontally oriented surface that has been treated by silanization to deliver either

Daniel, Susan

93

Small- and Medium-Sized Commercial Building Monitoring and Controls Needs: A Scoping Study  

SciTech Connect

Buildings consume over 40% of the total energy consumption in the U.S. A significant portion of the energy consumed in buildings is wasted because of the lack of controls or the inability to use existing building automation systems (BASs) properly. Much of the waste occurs because of our inability to manage and controls buildings efficiently. Over 90% of the buildings are either small-size (<5,000 sf) or medium-size (between 5,000 sf and 50,000 sf); these buildings currently do not use BASs to monitor and control their building systems from a central location. According to Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), about 10% of the buildings in the U.S. use BASs or central controls to manage their building system operations. Buildings that use BASs are typically large (>100,000 sf). Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) were asked by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building Technologies Program (BTP) to identify monitoring and control needs for small- and medium-sized commercial buildings and recommend possible solutions. This study documents the needs and solutions for small- and medium-sized buildings.

Katipamula, Srinivas; Underhill, Ronald M.; Goddard, James K.; Taasevigen, Danny J.; Piette, M. A.; Granderson, J.; Brown, Rich E.; Lanzisera, Steven M.; Kuruganti, T.

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

94

A low order model for vertical axis wind turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new computational model for initial sizing and performance prediction of vertical axis wind turbines

Drela, Mark

95

Theory for optical absorption in small clusters: Dependence on atomic surface structure and cluster size  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a theory which permits for the first time a detailed analysis of the dependence of the absorption spectrum on atomic structure and cluster size. Thus, we determine the development of the collective excitations in small clusters and show that their broadening depends sensitively on the atomic structure, in particular at the surface. Results for Hgn+ clusters show that the plasmon energy is close to its jellium value in the case of spherical-like structures, but is in general between ?p/ ?3 and ?p/ ?2 for compact clusters. A particular success of our theory is the identification of the excitations contributing to the absorption peaks.

S. Grabowski, M. E. Garcia, and K. H. Bennemann

1994-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

96

NREL: Awards and Honors - North Wind 100/20 Wind Turbine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

North Wind 100/20 Wind Turbine North Wind 100/20 Wind Turbine Developers: Gerry Nix and Brian Smith, National Renewable Energy Laboratory; Johnathan Lynch, Clint Coleman, Garrett Bywaters, and Rob Roland, Norhtern Power Systems; Dr. David Bubenheim and Michael Flynn, NASA Ames Research Center; and John Rand, National Science Foundation. The North Wind 100/20 Wind Turbine is a state-of-the-art wind turbine that is ideal for extreme cold conditions perfect for remote locations that may be off-grid or local-grid. The numeric designations represent the North Wind's capacity, 100-kilowatts (which is enough energy for 25-50 homes), and 20-meter diameter blades. The size of the North Wind 100/20 is unique, fitting an important market niche between large and small turbines. Large turbines (400-kilowatts and

97

Automatic control systems for gas-turbine units in mini power stations: Testing automation at the stages of design and tuning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the testing automation procedure for automatic control systems of gas-turbine units used as drives in small-size power stations. We substantiate the applicability of mathematical modeling...

B. V. Kavalerov

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

SUBSPACE-BASED DETECTION OF FATIGUE DAMAGE ON JACKET SUPPORT STRUCTURES OF OFFSHORE WIND TURBINES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUBSPACE-BASED DETECTION OF FATIGUE DAMAGE ON JACKET SUPPORT STRUCTURES OF OFFSHORE WIND TURBINES damage in real size structural components of offshore wind turbines. KEYWORDS : Damage detection, Offshore wind turbines, Numerical response simulation. INTRODUCTION Offshore wind turbines are exposed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

99

A Portable Expert System for Gas Turbine Maintenance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combustion turbines for electric power generation and industrial applications have steadily increased in size, efficiency and prominence. The newest class of gas turbine-generators coming into service will deliver 150 megawatts, with turbine inlet...

Quentin, G. H.

100

Energy Department Accepting Small Business Grant Applications...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Energy Department Accepting Small Business Grant Applications for Large Wind Turbines Energy Department Accepting Small Business Grant Applications for Large Wind Turbines November...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

The dual-mirror Small Size Telescope for the Cherenkov Telescope Array  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, the development of the dual mirror Small Size Telescopes (SST) for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is reviewed. Up to 70 SST, with a primary mirror diameter of 4 m, will be produced and installed at the CTA southern site. These will allow investigation of the gamma-ray sky at the highest energies accessible to CTA, in the range from about 1 TeV to 300 TeV. The telescope presented in this contribution is characterized by two major innovations: the use of a dual mirror Schwarzschild-Couder configuration and of an innovative camera using as sensors either multi-anode photomultipliers (MAPM) or silicon photomultipliers (SiPM). The reduced plate-scale of the telescope, achieved with the dual-mirror optics, allows the camera to be compact (40 cm in diameter), and low-cost. The camera, which has about 2000 pixels of size 6x6 mm^2, covers a field of view of 10{\\deg}. The dual mirror telescopes and their cameras are being developed by three consortia, ASTRI (Astrofisica con Specchi a Tecnologia Repl...

Pareschi, G; Antonelli, L A; Bastieri, D; Bellassai, G; Belluso, M; Bigongiari, C; Billotta, S; Biondo, B; Bonanno, G; Bonnoli, G; Bruno, P; Bulgarelli, A; Canestrari, R; Capalbi, M; Caraveo, P; Carosi, A; Cascone, E; Catalano, O; Cereda, M; Conconi, P; Conforti, V; Cusumano, G; De Caprio, V; De Luca, A; Di Paola, A; Di Pierro, F; Fantinel, D; Fiorini, M; Fugazza, D; Gardiol, D; Ghigo, M; Gianotti, F; Giarrusso, S; Giro, E; Grillo, A; Impiombato, D; Incorvaia, S; La Barbera, A; La Palombara, N; La Parola, V; La Rosa, G; Lessio, L; Leto, G; Lombardi, S; Lucarelli, F; Maccarone, M C; Malaguti, G; Malaspina, G; Mangano, V; Marano, D; Martinetti, E; Millul, R; Mineo, T; MistÒ, A; Morello, C; Morlino, G; Panzera, M R; Rodeghiero, G; Romano, P; Russo, F; Sacco, B; Sartore, N; Schwarz, J; Segreto, A; Sironi, G; Sottile, G; Stamerra, A; Strazzeri, E; Stringhetti, L; Tagliaferri, G; Testa, V; Timpanaro, M C; Toso, G; Tosti, G; Trifoglio, M; Vallania, P; Vercellone, S; Zitelli, V; Amans, J P; Boisson, C; Costille, C; Dournaux, J L; Dumas, D; Fasola, G; Hervet, O; Huet, J M; Laporte, P; Rulten, C; Sol, H; Zech, A; White, R; Hinton, J; Ross, D; Sykes, J; Ohm, S; Schmoll, J; Chadwick, P; Greenshaw, T; Daniel, M; Cotter, G; Varner, G S; Funk, S; Vandenbroucke, J; Sapozhnikov, L; Buckley, J; Moore, P; Williams, D; Markoff, S; Vink, J; Berge, D; Hidaka, N; Okumura, A; Tajima, H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

The dual-mirror Small Size Telescope for the Cherenkov Telescope Array  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, the development of the dual mirror Small Size Telescopes (SST) for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is reviewed. Up to 70 SST, with a primary mirror diameter of 4 m, will be produced and installed at the CTA southern site. These will allow investigation of the gamma-ray sky at the highest energies accessible to CTA, in the range from about 1 TeV to 300 TeV. The telescope presented in this contribution is characterized by two major innovations: the use of a dual mirror Schwarzschild-Couder configuration and of an innovative camera using as sensors either multi-anode photomultipliers (MAPM) or silicon photomultipliers (SiPM). The reduced plate-scale of the telescope, achieved with the dual-mirror optics, allows the camera to be compact (40 cm in diameter), and low-cost. The camera, which has about 2000 pixels of size 6x6 mm^2, covers a field of view of 10{\\deg}. The dual mirror telescopes and their cameras are being developed by three consortia, ASTRI (Astrofisica con Specchi a Tecnologia Replicante Italiana, Italy/INAF), GATE (Gamma-ray Telescope Elements, France/Paris Observ.) and CHEC (Compact High Energy Camera, universities in UK, US and Japan) which are merging their efforts in order to finalize an end-to-end design that will be constructed for CTA. A number of prototype structures and cameras are being developed in order to investigate various alternative designs. In this contribution, these designs are presented, along with the technological solutions under study.

G. Pareschi; G. Agnetta; L. A. Antonelli; D. Bastieri; G. Bellassai; M. Belluso; C. Bigongiari; S. Billotta; B. Biondo; G. Bonanno; G. Bonnoli; P. Bruno; A. Bulgarelli; R. Canestrari; M. Capalbi; P. Caraveo; A. Carosi; E. Cascone; O. Catalano; M. Cereda; P. Conconi; V. Conforti; G. Cusumano; V. De Caprio; A. De Luca; A. Di Paola; F. Di Pierro; D. Fantinel; M. Fiorini; D. Fugazza; D. Gardiol; M. Ghigo; F. Gianotti; S. Giarrusso; E. Giro; A. Grillo; D. Impiombato; S. Incorvaia; A. La Barbera; N. La Palombara; V. La Parola; G. La Rosa; L. Lessio; G. Leto; S. Lombardi; F. Lucarelli; M. C. Maccarone; G. Malaguti; G. Malaspina; V. Mangano; D. Marano; E. Martinetti; R. Millul; T. Mineo; A. MistÒ; C. Morello; G. Morlino; M. R. Panzera; G. Rodeghiero; P. Romano; F. Russo; B. Sacco; N. Sartore; J. Schwarz; A. Segreto; G. Sironi; G. Sottile; A. Stamerra; E. Strazzeri; L. Stringhetti; G. Tagliaferri; V. Testa; M. C. Timpanaro; G. Toso; G. Tosti; M. Trifoglio; P. Vallania; S. Vercellone; V. Zitelli; For The Astri Collaboration; J. P. Amans; C. Boisson; C. Costille; J. L. Dournaux; D. Dumas; G. Fasola; O. Hervet; J. M. Huet; P. Laporte; C. Rulten; H. Sol; A. Zech; For The Gate Collaboration; R. White; J. Hinton; D. Ross; J. Sykes; S. Ohm; J. Schmoll; P. Chadwick; T. Greenshaw; M. Daniel; G. Cotter; G. S. Varner; S. Funk; J. Vandenbroucke; L. Sapozhnikov; J. Buckley; P. Moore; D. Williams; S. Markoff; J. Vink; D. Berge; N. Hidaka; A. Okumura; H. Tajima; For The Chec Collaboration; For The Cta Consortium

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

103

R and D for improved efficiency small steam turbines, Phase II. Report No. 1380-3. First quarterly technical report  

SciTech Connect

Progress made in the second phase of a two-phase research, design and prototype development program is presented. Phase II consists of the detailed design of the prototype radial inflow steam turbine configuration selected during the first phase and subsequent fabrication and testing. At this time, the detailed aerodynamic design of the stage flowpath has been completed except for the crossover piping from the first stage exhaust to the second stage inlet. In addition, mechanical design effort has resulted in a definition of a rotor system. The aerodynamic design included the optimization of the overall flowpath geometry of the stages specified in the initial phase of the program. The detailed aerodynamic designs of the rotor blades, nozzle vanes, scroll and diffuser were based on the optimized geometry. The final blading selected for the stage is a radial design with 26 blades, 13 of which are splitters. Sixteen nozzle vanes have been specified. The mechanical design of the rotor system to date has included the specification of the rotor wheels and shafts with their polygon connection, and the design of the thrust and journal bearings and the gearing. In addition, various shaft sealing arrangements have been evaluated, subject to the constraints indicated by initial rotordynamic analyses. Indications are that a reasonably effective labyrinth seal is not precluded by shaft length limitations. As this type of seal has been long accepted by steam turbine users, its use in the prototype is most likely. Proven components have been specified wherever possible, i.e., redesign/development could not be justified. The rotor system has been designed for at least 100,000 hours life with the most severe operating conditions and loads. The system cannot be considered complete, however, until dynamic response of the rotors for all possible operating conditions is shown to be within acceptable limits.

Not Available

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Gas Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When the gas turbine generator was introduced to the power generation ... fossil-fueled power plant. Twenty years later, gas turbines were established as an important means of ... on utility systems. By the early...

Jeffrey M. Smith

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Small Wind Guidebook | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Small Wind Guidebook Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Print Full Version WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home OpenEI Home >> Wind >> Small Wind Guidebook WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site? * How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? * Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid? * Can I Go Off-Grid? * State Information Portal * Glossary of Terms

106

Operation Monitoring System Model of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises in Sichuan Province in 2012  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is a long-term strategic task for Sichuan province to vigorously develop small and medium enterprises. This paper uses the monitoring data of small and medium enterprises in Sichuan province in 2012 to esta...

Rui Wang; Yue Shen; Huijun Lin; Gongzong Yu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

High-cycle fatigue of nickel-base superalloy Rene 104 (ME3): Interaction of microstructurally small cracks with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Specifically, we examine the interaction of propagating small ($10­900 lm) sur- face cracks with grain of a size in the range of few to hundreds of micrometers. In gas-turbine components such as blades and disks

Ritchie, Robert

108

Modular Turbine Control Software: A Control Software Architecture for the ABB Gas Turbine Family  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABB Power Generation’s family of gas turbines covers the power range of 35 to 270 MW with five basic turbine types, which vary in size, combustion technology and equipment. Each type comes in several variatons...

Dr. Christopher Ganz; Michael Layes

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Energy Department Accepting Small Business Grant Applications for Low-Head Hydropower Turbines and MHK Monitoring Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Energy Department began accepting applications on November 24 for its FY 2015 Phase 1 grant topics, including two Water Power Program topics, under the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Technology Transfer (STTR) programs.

110

Simulation of Low–High Transition by Neutral Beam Injection in Edge Plasma of Small Size Divertor Tokamak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports simulation of L–H transition by fluid transport code B2SOLPS0.5.2D at low ion plasma density on neutral beam injection (NBI) in the edge plasma of small size divertor tokamak. The simulation pr...

H. Bekheit

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

The Changing State of British Enterprise Growth, Innovation and Competitive Advantage in Small and Medium Sized Firms 1986-95  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1,000 small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) in the manufacturing and business service sectors special emphasis upon the innovative activity of SMEs. This report therefore provides the most detailed technology transfer occurs in the SME sector, This is set against the background of a detailed examination

de Gispert, Adrià

112

A database of frequency distributions of energy depositions in small-size targets by electrons and ions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......frequency distributions of energy depositions in small-size...77204 Texas, USA Linear energy transfer (LET) is an average...Hahn K. Considerations on a audit of the quality factor. Radiat...distributions for protons with energies between 50 and 200 MeV determined......

H. Nikjoo; S. Uehara; D. Emfietzoglou; L. Pinsky

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Technological innovations in Indian Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) sector: does firm size matter?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SMEs, irrespective of size, are primarily engaged in 'incremental technological innovations' with self efforts. But average innovation expenditure and innovation personnel increased with firm size. There is a positive relationship between innovation expenditure and value of output, and negative relationship between innovation intensity and firm size. Innovation expenditure with labour and capital has a significant influence on the value of output in each of the sub sectors.

M.H. Bala Subrahmanya

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Small Wind Guidebook/What are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Small Wind Guidebook/What are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System < Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site? * How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? * Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid?

115

Exploratory factor analysis in behavior genetics research: Factor recovery with small sample sizes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results of a Monte Carlo study of exploratory factor analysis demonstrate that in studies characterized by low sample sizes the population factor structure can be adequately recovered if communalities are high, model error ...

Preacher, K. J.; MacCallum, R. C.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Westwind Wind Turbines | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Name: Westwind Wind Turbines Place: Northern Ireland, United Kingdom Zip: BT29 4TF Sector: Wind energy Product: Northern Ireland based small scale wind...

117

Probabilistic extreme response analysis of large wind turbines to natural winds.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With increases in size and flexibility of modern wind turbines, especially for offshore applications, an improved understanding and assessment of turbine performance under various wind… (more)

Gong, Kuangmin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Cost analysis of NOx control alternatives for stationary gas turbines  

SciTech Connect

The use of stationary gas turbines for power generation has been growing rapidly with continuing trends predicted well into the future. Factors that are contributing to this growth include advances in turbine technology, operating and siting flexibility and low capital cost. Restructuring of the electric utility industry will provide new opportunities for on-site generation. In a competitive market, it maybe more cost effective to install small distributed generation units (like gas turbines) within the grid rather than constructing large power plants in remote locations with extensive transmission and distribution systems. For the customer, on-site generation will provide added reliability and leverage over the cost of purchased power One of the key issues that is addressed in virtually every gas turbine application is emissions, particularly NO{sub x} emissions. Decades of research and development have significantly reduced the NO{sub x} levels emitted from gas turbines from uncontrolled levels. Emission control technologies are continuing to evolve with older technologies being gradually phased-out while new technologies are being developed and commercialized. The objective of this study is to determine and compare the cost of NO{sub x} control technologies for three size ranges of stationary gas turbines: 5 MW, 25 MW and 150 MW. The purpose of the comparison is to evaluate the cost effectiveness and impact of each control technology as a function of turbine size. The NO{sub x} control technologies evaluated in this study include: Lean premix combustion, also known as dry low NO{sub x} (DLN) combustion; Catalytic combustion; Water/steam injection; Selective catalytic reduction (SCR)--low temperature, conventional, high temperature; and SCONO{sub x}{trademark}.

Bill Major

1999-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

119

Small Wind Guidebook/Image Library | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Image Library Image Library < Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site? * How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? * Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid? * Can I Go Off-Grid? * State Information Portal * Glossary of Terms * For More Information *Capacity-10 kilowatts *Turbine manufacturer-Bergey Windpower Company

120

Steam Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... chapters take up the design of nozzles and blades, and descriptions of commercial types of turbines. The treatment of low-pressure, mixed pressure, bleeder, and marine ... . The treatment of low-pressure, mixed pressure, bleeder, and marine turbines occupies separate chapters. Of these, the section dealing with the marine ...

1917-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Thermal effects in the equilibrium structure and size distribution of small Si clusters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the first calculation of the free energy of semiconductor clusters at nonzero temperatures. Explicit determination of electronic, vibrational, and rotational contributions to the entropy allows us to investigate the effect of temperature on the equilibrium geometric structure and size distribution of these clusters. The formalism is applied to Si4, Si5, and Si6 clusters with symmetric geometries. We find that, in these clusters, entropy can modify relative stabilities, but does not change major trends at finite temperatures.

D. Tománek; C. Sun; N. Sharma; L. Wang

1989-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

122

Small Wind Guidebook/What are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

which is typically converted to grid-compatible AC electricity. Wind Turbine Small wind turbines can be divided into two groups: horizontal axis and vertical axis. The most...

123

Status Report 1981 on the German BMFT-Sponsored Programme “Ceramic Components for Vehicular Gas Turbines”  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

“Ceramic components for vehicular gas turbines” — already many years ago, turbine manufacturers regarded this as a possible approach towards the economical use of uncooled small gas turbines in vehicles. But t...

W. Bunk; M. Böhmer

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Small Wind Guidebook/Glossary of Terms | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Small Wind Guidebook/Glossary of Terms Small Wind Guidebook/Glossary of Terms < Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site? * How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? * Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid? * Can I Go Off-Grid? * State Information Portal * Glossary of Terms * For More Information

125

Structural Analyses of Wind Turbine Tower for 3 kW Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Structure analyses of a steel tower for Cal Poly's 3 kW small wind turbine is presented. First, some general design aspects of the wind… (more)

Gwon, Tae gyun (Tom)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerodynamic accessorieswind turbines Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of small scale vertical axis wind turbines Summary: IntroductionIntroduction The use of small scale vertical axis wind turbinesThe use of small scale... vertical axis wind...

127

Study of the methanol conversion to ethylene and propylene using small pore size zeolites  

SciTech Connect

This project consisted of the study of the kinetics of the reaction of methanol to olefins. A combined selectivity to ethylene and propylene of 90% is readily achieved by selecting a proper set of operating conditions. The investigation encompassed the study of external and internal diffusion, adsorption and reaction. Instantaneous and overall material balances were developed, and a minimization technique was used to calculate the rate of formation of coke, the amount of coke deposition on the catalyst, and the hydrogen to carbon ratio. This procedure allowed the adjustment of several parameters in order to satisfy the material balances. The results were used to calculate the rate constants of the proposed model. The results indicated that the dehydration of methanol was inhibited by the adsorption of methanol. In general low methanol partial pressures, achieved by decreasing the total pressure in the case of pure methanol feeds, or by diluting methanol with water or nitrogen, increased the selectivity toward olefins. All the catalysts studied showed deactivation due to the accumulation of aromatic compounds (coke), which had a hydrogen to carbon ration close to 1.1. The maximum amount of coke that can be deposited on the catalyst was about 0.16 grams coke/gram catalyst. The catalyst was regenerated by burning the coke with air. Residence time distribution experiments using a step input change showed that perfect mixing could be obtained with 200 grams of powder catalyst of 30-100 microns particle size by using flow rates smaller than 5 cc/sec measured at reactor conditions, and impeller speeds higher than 12 rev/sec.

Vera-Castaneda, E.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Infrared thermography to detect residual ceramic in gas turbine blades  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A serious problem in the production of gas turbine blades is the detection of residual ceramic cores inside the cooling passages; in ... the presence of even small ceramic pieces affects turbine performance and m...

C. Meola; G.M. Carlomagno; M. Di Foggia; O. Natale

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Feasibility study of a small-sized nuclear heat-only plant dedicated to desalination in the UAE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The development of a small-sized nuclear heat-only plant with maximized safety features dedicated to seawater thermal desalination was proposed to address both a serious water crisis and nuclear safety issues, which continue to be perennial problems. In this study, the feasibility of a dedicated nuclear heat-only desalination system for a target country was evaluated in comparison with a target nuclear thermal desalination system. First, the target country was selected, and its current energy and desalination status was investigated. The suitable nuclear desalination options for the target country were then selected. Finally, using corresponding analysis tools, performance and economic analyses were conducted for a dedicated nuclear heat-only desalination system and the target nuclear thermal desalination system. The results of the analyses indicate that operating the small-sized nuclear heat-only plant at low pressures coupled with a seawater thermal desalination plant will considerably improve both the safety and economy without a significant loss in desalination performance. In conclusion, the proposed dedicated nuclear heat-only desalination system is expected to have high potential for solving both problems.

Yong Hun Jung; Yong Hoon Jeong; Jinyoung Choi; Andhika F. Wibisono; Jeong Ik Lee; Hee Cheon No

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Energy 101: Wind Turbines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wind Turbines Wind Turbines Energy 101: Wind Turbines Addthis Below is the text version for the Energy 101: Wind Turbines video. The video opens with "Energy 101: Wind Turbines." This is followed by wooden windmills on farms. We've all seen those creaky, old windmills on farms. And although they may seem about as low-tech as you can get, those old windmills are the predecessors for new, modern wind turbines that generat electricity. The video pans through shots of large windmills and wind farms of different sizes, situated on cultivated plains and hills. The same wind that used to pump water for cattle is now turning giant wind turbines to power cities and homes. OK, have a look at this wind farm in the California desert. A hot desert, next to tall mountains. An ideal place for a lot of wind.

131

Industrial Advanced Turbine Systems Program overview  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in partnership with industry, has set new performance standards for industrial gas turbines through the creation of the Industrial Advanced Turbine System Program. Their leadership will lead to the development of an optimized, energy efficient, and environmentally friendly gas turbine power systems in this size class (3-to-20 MW). The DOE has already created a positive effect by encouraging gas turbine system manufacturers to reassess their product and technology plans using the new higher standards as the benchmark. Solar Turbines has been a leader in the industrial gas turbine business, and is delighted to have joined with the DOE in developing the goals and vision for this program. We welcome the opportunity to help the national goals of energy conservation and environmental enhancement. The results of this program should lead to the U.S. based gas turbine industry maintaining its international leadership and the creation of highly paid domestic jobs.

Esbeck, D.W. [Solar Turbines Inc., San Diego, CA (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Vertical axis wind turbine acoustics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Acoustics Charlie Pearson Corpus Christi College Cambridge University Engineering Department A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy September 2013 Declaration Described in this dissertation is work... quickly to changing wind conditions, small- scale vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs) have been proposed as an efficient solution for deployment in built up areas, where the wind is more gusty in nature. If VAWTs are erected in built up areas...

Pearson, Charlie

2014-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

133

Small Wind Guidebook/State Information Portal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Portal Information Portal < Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Print Full Version WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home OpenEI Home >> Wind >> Small Wind Guidebook WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site? * How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? * Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid? * Can I Go Off-Grid? * State Information Portal

134

ADVANCED TURBINE SYSTEMS PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect

Natural gas combustion turbines are rapidly becoming the primary technology of choice for generating electricity. At least half of the new generating capacity added in the US over the next twenty years will be combustion turbine systems. The Department of Energy has cosponsored with Siemens Westinghouse, a program to maintain the technology lead in gas turbine systems. The very ambitious eight year program was designed to demonstrate a highly efficient and commercially acceptable power plant, with the ability to fire a wide range of fuels. The main goal of the Advanced Turbine Systems (ATS) Program was to develop ultra-high efficiency, environmentally superior and cost effective competitive gas turbine systems for base load application in utility, independent power producer and industrial markets. Performance targets were focused on natural gas as a fuel and included: System efficiency that exceeds 60% (lower heating value basis); Less than 10 ppmv NO{sub x} emissions without the use of post combustion controls; Busbar electricity that are less than 10% of state of the art systems; Reliability-Availability-Maintainability (RAM) equivalent to current systems; Water consumption minimized to levels consistent with cost and efficiency goals; and Commercial systems by the year 2000. In a parallel effort, the program was to focus on adapting the ATS engine to coal-derived or biomass fuels. In Phase 1 of the ATS Program, preliminary investigators on different gas turbine cycles demonstrated that net plant LHV based efficiency greater than 60% was achievable. In Phase 2 the more promising cycles were evaluated in greater detail and the closed-loop steam-cooled combined cycle was selected for development because it offered the best solution with least risk for achieving the ATS Program goals for plant efficiency, emissions, cost of electricity and RAM. Phase 2 also involved conceptual ATS engine and plant design and technology developments in aerodynamics, sealing, combustion, cooling, materials, coatings and casting development. The market potential for the ATS gas turbine in the 2000-2014 timeframe was assessed for combined cycle, simple cycle and integrated gasification combined cycle, for three engine sizes. The total ATS market potential was forecasted to exceed 93 GW. Phase 3 and Phase 3 Extension involved further technology development, component testing and W501ATS engine detail design. The technology development efforts consisted of ultra low NO{sub x} combustion, catalytic combustion, sealing, heat transfer, advanced coating systems, advanced alloys, single crystal casting development and determining the effect of steam on turbine alloys. Included in this phase was full-load testing of the W501G engine at the McIntosh No. 5 site in Lakeland, Florida.

Gregory Gaul

2004-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

135

Small-sized Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Optical Switch Using Thin Film Ge2Sb2Te5 Phase-change Material  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Small-sized Mach-Zehnder Interferometer optical switch using Ge2Sb2Te5 thin films was fabricated. Two thin films of 1-?m-square were sufficient for switching. The switching...

Moriyama, Takumi; Kawashima, Hitoshi; Kuwahara, Masashi; Wang, Xiaomin; Asakura, Hideaki; Tsuda, Hiroyuki

136

Evaluating the barriers to specific industrial energy efficiency measures: an exploratory study in small and medium-sized enterprises  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Industrial energy efficiency has raised to the top of European energy policy agenda, and particular efforts should be placed to tackle the barriers to energy efficiency of small and non-energy intensive industrial users. To enhance the adoption rate of a specific industrial energy efficiency measure, it is crucial to properly evaluate the barriers. Without a proper level of detail – considering both the measure's specificity and the evaluation's perspective – company managers are hampered when making investment decisions, and policymakers are prevented from developing the most effective policies. The paper aims at highlighting that the value of a given intervention-dependent barrier may differ when evaluating it at the company level, by technology area, or with respect to a specific measure. To achieve this objective, an exploratory investigation of Italian small and medium-sized enterprises into the metalworking sector has been performed with respect to selected cross-cutting technologies. Although general barriers appear as most relevant at the company level, large differences appear when considering intervention-dependent barriers by technology area as well as at the energy efficiency measure level. The research presents innovative results, as the literature and policymakers have not accounted so far for how the value of barriers can effectively vary with respect to a single measure, but have only considered barriers at company level. Additionally, the paper highlights that differences can be appreciated when evaluating the intervention-dependent barriers according to some firm characteristics (i.e. size, production complexity, and innovativeness). The study concludes with suggestions for policymakers as well as industrial decision-makers.

Enrico Cagno; Andrea Trianni

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Jet spoiler arrangement for wind turbine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An air jet spoiler arrangement is provided for a Darrieus-type vertical axis wind-powered turbine. Air is drawn into hollow turbine blades through air inlets at the end thereof and is ejected in the form of air jets through small holes or openings provided along the lengths of the blades. The air jets create flow separation at the surfaces of the turbine blades, thereby including stall conditions and reducing the output power. A feedback control unit senses the power output of the turbine and controls the amount of air drawn into the air inlets accordingly.

Cyrus, J.D.; Kadlec, E.G.; Klimas, P.C.

1983-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

Duration Test Report for the Entegrity EW50 Wind Turbine  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the results of a duration test that NREL conducted on the Entegrity EW50 wind turbine. This test was conducted in accordance with the International Electrotechnical Commissions' (IEC) standard, Wind Turbine Generator System Part 2: Design requirements for small wind turbines, IEC 61400-2 Ed.2.0, 2006-03.

Smith, J.; Huskey, A.; Jager, D.; Hur, J.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Small Wind Guidebook/Introduction | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Introduction Introduction < Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site? * How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? * Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid? * Can I Go Off-Grid? * State Information Portal * Glossary of Terms * For More Information Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across

140

Biphase turbine for reverse osmosis desalination. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A new hydraulic reaction turbine was designed to recover the power available in the high-pressure waste-brine stream of reverse osmosis desalination systems. A reaction turbine sized for reverse-osmosis systems producing 600 gph was built and tested. The turbine performed well driving either a variable-speed pump or an electrical generator. Measured turbine efficiency (shaft power divided by available power) was 63%, compared with a prediction of 67%. The turbine can be built with larger capacity to reduce the size, weight and power consumption of reverse osmosis desalination systems. Efficiency of larger units is predicted to lie in the range of 65 to 70%.

Limburg, P.L.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The Photodetector Plane of the 4m Davies Cotton Small Size Telescope for the Cherenkov Telescope Array  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photomultipliers (PMTs) are currently adopted for the photodetector plane of Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (IACTs). Even though PMT quantum efficiency has improved impressively in the recent years, one of the main limitation for their application in the gamma-astronomy field - the impossibility to operate with moon light - still remains. As a matter of fact, the light excess would lead to significant and faster camera ageing. Solid state detectors, in particular Geiger-mode avalanche photo-diodes (G-APDs) represent a valuable alternative solution to overcome this limitation as demonstrated in the field by the FACT experiment (The First G- APD Cherenkov Telescope). They can be regarded as a more promising long term approach, which can be easily adopted for the new generation of cameras and for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). We describe here the Photo-Detector Plane (PDP) of the camera for the 4 m Davies Cotton CTA Small Size Telescopes, for which large area G-APD coupled to non-imaging light c...

Boccone, V; Basili, A; Christov, A; della Volpe, M; Montaruli, T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Structural Evolution of Polylactide Molecular Bottlebrushes: Kinetics Study by Size Exclusion Chromatography, Small Angle Neutron Scattering and Simulations  

SciTech Connect

Structural evolution from poly(lactide) (PLA) macromonomer to resultant PLA molecular bottlebrush during ring opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) was investigated for the first time by combining size exclusion chromatography (SEC), small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and coarse-grained molecular dynamics (CG-MD) simulations. Multiple aliquots were collected at various reaction times during ROMP, and subsequently analyzed by SEC and SANS. The two complementary techniques enable the understanding of systematic changes in conversion, molecular weight and dispersity as well as structural details of PLA molecular bottlebrushes. CG-MD simulation not only predicts the experimental observations, but it also provides further insight into the analysis and interpretation of data obtained in SEC and SANS experiments. We find that PLA molecular bottlebrushes undergo three conformational transitions with increasing conversion (i.e., increasing the backbone length): (1) from an elongated to a globular shape due to longer side chain at lower conversion, (2) from a globular to an elongated shape at intermediate conversion caused by excluded volume of PLA side chain, and (3) the saturation of contour length at higher conversion due to chain transfer reactions.

Pickel, Deanna L [ORNL; Kilbey, II, S Michael [ORNL; Uhrig, David [ORNL; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL; Carrillo, Jan-Michael Y [ORNL; Sumpter, Bobby G [ORNL; Ahn, Suk-Kyun [ORNL; Han, Youngkyu [ORNL; Kim, Dr. Tae-Hwan [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute; Smith, Gregory Scott [ORNL; Do, Changwoo [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Modelling and Analysis of Variable Speed Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modelling and Analysis of Variable Speed Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid Fault Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid Fault by Sigrid M. Bolik Institute of Energy turbine technology has undergone rapid developments. Growth in size and the optimization of wind turbines

Hansen, René Rydhof

144

Steam Turbine Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Steam turbines are widely used in most industrial facilities because steam is readily available and steam turbine is easy to operate and maintain. If designed properly, a steam turbine co-generation (producing heat and power simultaneously) system...

Quach, K.; Robb, A. G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Infinity Turbine LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turbine LLC Turbine LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Infinity Turbine LLC Place Madison, Wisconsin Zip 53705 Product Wisconsin-based small turbine manufacturer focusing on small-scale binary turbine manufacturing. Coordinates 43.07295°, -89.386694° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.07295,"lon":-89.386694,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

146

Energy 101: Wind Turbines  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

See how wind turbines generate clean electricity from the power of the wind. Highlighted are the various parts and mechanisms of a modern wind turbine.

None

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

147

Energy 101: Wind Turbines  

SciTech Connect

See how wind turbines generate clean electricity from the power of the wind. Highlighted are the various parts and mechanisms of a modern wind turbine.

None

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Wind turbine  

SciTech Connect

The improvement in a wind turbine comprises providing a tower with a freely liftable mount and adapting a nacelle which is fitted with a propeller windwheel consisting of a plurality of rotor blades and provided therein with means for conversion of wind energy to be shifted onto said mount attached to the tower. In case of a violent wind storm, the nacelle can be lowered down to the ground to protect the rotor blades from breakage due to the force of the wind. Required maintenance and inspection of the nacelle and replacement of rotor blades can be safely carried out on the ground.

Abe, M.

1982-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

149

Iskra Wind Turbine Manufacturers Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Iskra Wind Turbine Manufacturers Ltd Iskra Wind Turbine Manufacturers Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Iskra Wind Turbine Manufacturers Ltd Place Nottingham, United Kingdom Sector Wind energy Product Iskra manufactures and markets the AT5-1 home-sized wind turbine rated at 5.3 kW, suitable for low wind speeds. References Iskra Wind Turbine Manufacturers Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Iskra Wind Turbine Manufacturers Ltd is a company located in Nottingham, United Kingdom . References ↑ "Iskra Wind Turbine Manufacturers Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Iskra_Wind_Turbine_Manufacturers_Ltd&oldid=347129" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

150

Just the Right Size for Small Sample Dialysis! Now available: Trial-size packages of our versatile Slide-A-Lyzer MINI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Slide-A-Lyzer® MINI Dialysis Units Slide-A-Lyzer® Mini Tubes Slide-A-Lyzer® Mini Tubes Slide-A-Lyzer® Mini Units & Float For small-sample preparation (5-100 µl), nothing is more versatile than Pierce Slide new formats allow you to test the Slide-A-Lyzer® MINI Units as a single sample (microtube format

Lebendiker, Mario

151

NREL: Wind Research - Mariah Power's Windspire Wind Turbine Testing and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mariah Power's Windspire Wind Turbine Testing and Results Mariah Power's Windspire Wind Turbine Testing and Results A video of Mariah Power's Windspire wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL tested Mariah Power's Windspire Giromill small wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) through January 14, 2009 when NREL terminated its testing. Read a chronology of events and letter from Mariah Power to NREL. The Windspire is a 1.2-kilowatt (kW) vertical-axis small wind turbine. The turbine tower is 9.1 meters tall, and its rotor area is 1.2 by 6.1 meters. The turbine has a permanent-magnet generator with a single-phase output at 120 volts AC. Testing Summary Testing was terminated January 14, 2009. Published test reports include

152

System study of an MHD/gas turbine combined-cycle baseload power plant. HTGL report No. 134  

SciTech Connect

The MHD/gas turbine combined-cycle system has been designed specifically for applications where the availability of cooling water is very limited. The base case systems which were studied consisted of an MHD plant with a gas turbine bottoming plant, and required no cooling water. The gas turbine plant uses only air as its working fluid and receives its energy input from the MHD exhaust gases by means of metal tube heat exchangers. In addition to the base case systems, vapor cycle variation systems were considered which included the addition of a vapor cycle bottoming plant to improve the thermal efficiency. These systems required a small amount of cooling water. The MHD/gas turbine systems were modeled with sufficient detail, using realistic component specifications and costs, so that the thermal and economic performance of the system could be accurately determined. Three cases of MHD/gas turbine systems were studied, with Case I being similar to an MHD/steam system so that a direct comparison of the performances could be made, with Case II being representative of a second generation MHD system, and with Case III considering oxygen enrichment for early commercial applications. The systems are nominally 800 MW/sub e/ to 1000 MW/sub e/ in size. The results show that the MHD/gas turbine system has very good thermal and economic performances while requiring either little or no cooling water. Compared to the MHD/steam system which has a cooling tower heat load of 720 MW, the Base Case I MHD/gas turbine system has a heat rate which is 13% higher and a cost of electricity which is only 7% higher while requiring no cooling water. Case II results show that an improved performance can be expected from second generation MHD/gas turbine systems. Case III results show that an oxygen enriched MHD/gas turbine system may be attractive for early commercial applications in dry regions of the country.

Annen, K.D.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Simulating Collisions for Hydrokinetic Turbines  

SciTech Connect

Evaluations of blade-strike on an axial-flow Marine Hydrokinetic turbine were conducted using a conventional methodology as well as an alternative modeling approach proposed in the present document. The proposed methodology integrates the following components into a Computa- tional Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model: (i) advanced eddy-resolving flow simulations, (ii) ambient turbulence based on field data, (iii) moving turbine blades in highly transient flows, and (iv) Lagrangian particles to mimic the potential fish pathways. The sensitivity of blade-strike prob- ability to the following conditions was also evaluated: (i) to the turbulent environment, (ii) to fish size and (iii) to mean stream flow velocity. The proposed methodology provided fraction of collisions and offered the capability of analyzing the causal relationships between the flow envi- ronment and resulting strikes on rotating blades. Overall, the conventional methodology largely overestimates the probability of strike, and lacks the ability to produce potential fish and aquatic biota trajectories as they interact with the rotating turbine. By using a set of experimental corre- lations of exposure-response of living fish colliding on moving blades, the occurrence, frequency and intensity of the particle collisions was next used to calculate the survival rate of fish crossing the MHK turbine. This step indicated survival rates always greater than 98%. Although the proposed CFD framework is computationally more expensive, it provides the advantage of evaluating multiple mechanisms of stress and injury of hydrokinetic turbine devices on fish.

Richmond, Marshall C.; Romero Gomez, Pedro DJ; Rakowski, Cynthia L.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

turbine | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

turbine Home Future of Condition Monitoring for Wind Turbines Description: Research into third party software to aid in the development of better CMS in order to raise turbine...

155

Advanced coal-fueled gas turbine systems  

SciTech Connect

Several technology advances since the early coal-fueled turbine programs that address technical issues of coal as a turbine fuel have been developed in the early 1980s: Coal-water suspensions as fuel form, improved methods for removing ash and contaminants from coal, staged combustion for reducing NO{sub x} emissions from fuel-bound nitrogen, and greater understanding of deposition/erosion/corrosion and their control. Several Advanced Coal-Fueled Gas Turbine Systems programs were awarded to gas turbine manufacturers for for components development and proof of concept tests; one of these was Allison. Tests were conducted in a subscale coal combustion facility and a full-scale facility operating a coal combustor sized to the Allison Model 501-K industrial turbine. A rich-quench-lean (RQL), low nitrogen oxide combustor design incorporating hot gas cleanup was developed for coal fuels; this should also be applicable to biomass, etc. The combustor tests showed NO{sub x} and CO emissions {le} levels for turbines operating with natural gas. Water washing of vanes from the turbine removed the deposits. Systems and economic evaluations identified two possible applications for RQL turbines: Cogeneration plants based on Allison 501-K turbine (output 3.7 MW(e), 23,000 lbs/hr steam) and combined cycle power plants based on 50 MW or larger gas turbines. Coal-fueled cogeneration plant configurations were defined and evaluated for site specific factors. A coal-fueled turbine combined cycle plant design was identified which is simple, compact, and results in lower capital cost, with comparable efficiency and low emissions relative to other coal technologies (gasification, advanced PFBC).

Wenglarz, R.A.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Wind Turbine Generator System Duration Test Report for the ARE 442 Wind Turbine  

SciTech Connect

This test is being conducted as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Independent Testing project. This project was established to help reduce the barriers of wind energy expansion by providing independent testing results for small turbines. In total, four turbines are being tested at the NWTC as a part of this project. Duration testing is one of up to 5 tests that may be performed on the turbines, including power performance, safety and function, noise, and power quality tests. The results of the testing provide manufacturers with reports that may be used for small wind turbine certification. The test equipment includes a grid connected ARE 442 wind turbine mounted on a 30.5 meter (100 ft) lattice tower manufactured by Abundant Renewable Energy. The system was installed by the NWTC Site Operations group with guidance and assistance from Abundant Renewable Energy.

van Dam, J.; Baker, D.; Jager, D.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

NEXT GENERATION GAS TURBINE SYSTEMS STUDY  

SciTech Connect

Under sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory, Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation has conducted a study of Next Generation Gas Turbine Systems that embraces the goals of the DOE's High Efficiency Engines and Turbines and Vision 21 programs. The Siemens Westinghouse Next Generation Gas Turbine (NGGT) Systems program was a 24-month study looking at the feasibility of a NGGT for the emerging deregulated distributed generation market. Initial efforts focused on a modular gas turbine using an innovative blend of proven technologies from the Siemens Westinghouse W501 series of gas turbines and new enabling technologies to serve a wide variety of applications. The flexibility to serve both 50-Hz and 60-Hz applications, use a wide range of fuels and be configured for peaking, intermediate and base load duty cycles was the ultimate goal. As the study progressed the emphasis shifted from a flexible gas turbine system of a specific size to a broader gas turbine technology focus. This shift in direction allowed for greater placement of technology among both the existing fleet and new engine designs, regardless of size, and will ultimately provide for greater public benefit. This report describes the study efforts and provides the resultant conclusions and recommendations for future technology development in collaboration with the DOE.

Benjamin C. Wiant; Ihor S. Diakunchak; Dennis A. Horazak; Harry T. Morehead

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Performance Study and Optimization of the Zephergy Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are many problems associated with small wind turbines, such as small Reynolds number and poor starting performance, that make them much more expensive than the large ones per unit power. New technologies are needed to improve the quality...

Soodavi, Moein

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

159

Community Wind Handbook/Research Turbine Models | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

it is important to know that many resources are available to help you select small wind turbines that are safe and reliable investments when properly installed. First, the Small...

160

“Turn-Key” Open Source Software Solutions for Energy Management of Small to Medium Sized Buildings (DE-FOA-0000822)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Closed Total DOE Funding: $3 million This FOA seeks to develop a “turn key” Building Automation System using Open-Source software and architecture specifically tailored to small and medium buildings to advance opportunities for energy efficiency in this sector.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

E-Print Network 3.0 - axial turbine cascade Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High Solidity Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Andrzej J. Fiedler... ABSTRACT A high solidity, small scale, 2.5m diameter by 3m high Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT Source: Tullis,...

162

Utilization and Mitigation of VAM/CMM Emissions by a Catalytic Combustion Gas Turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A system configured with a catalytic combustion gas turbine generator unit is introduced. The system has ... Heavy Industries, Ltd., such as small gas turbines, recuperators and catalytic combustors, and catalyti...

K. Tanaka; Y. Yoshino; H. Kashihara; S. Kajita

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Foam Cleaning of Steam Turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The efficiency and power output of a steam turbine can be dramatically reduced when deposits form on the turbine blades. Disassembly and mechanical cleaning of the turbine is very time consuming and costly. Deposits can be removed from the turbine...

Foster, C.; Curtis, G.; Horvath, J. W.

164

Small Wind Guidebook/For More Information | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Small Wind Guidebook/For More Information < Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site?

165

Vertical axis wind turbine  

SciTech Connect

Wind turbines are largely divided into vertical axis wind turbines and propeller (Horizontal axis) wind turbines. The present invention discloses a vertical axis high speed wind turbine provided with rotational speed control systems. This vertical axis wind turbine is formed by having blades of a proper airfoil fitted to respective supporting arms provided radially from a vertical rotating shaft by keeping the blade span-wise direction in parallel with the shaft and being provided with aerodynamic control elements operating manually or automatically to control the rotational speed of the turbine.

Kato, Y.; Seki, K.; Shimizu, Y.

1981-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

166

Gas turbine generators from India for Asian and world markets  

SciTech Connect

Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL), in India, is an important producer of large industrial gas turbines in the Asian area. The company produces both GE frame type industrial gas turbines and Siemens design gas turbines for power generation service. Up to this time, BHEL has manufactured and supplied 68 gas turbine power generation units of GE design, ranging from Frame 1 to Frame 6 sizes, and two Siemens V94.2 gas turbines rated at 150 MW ISO. In addition, 15 gas turbine generating units are currently being manufactured. These include a large Frame 9 unit and a V94.2 gas turbine. This paper describes briefly some of the projects completed by the company.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

DISCRETE ELEMENT MODELING OF BLADE–STRIKE FREQUENCY AND SURVIVAL OF FISH PASSING THROUGH HYDROKINETIC TURBINES  

SciTech Connect

Evaluating the consequences from blade-strike of fish on marine hydrokinetic (MHK) turbine blades is essential for incorporating environmental objectives into the integral optimization of machine performance. For instance, experience with conventional hydroelectric turbines has shown that innovative shaping of the blade and other machine components can lead to improved designs that generate more power without increased impacts to fish and other aquatic life. In this work, we used unsteady computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of turbine flow and discrete element modeling (DEM) of particle motion to estimate the frequency and severity of collisions between a horizontal axis MHK tidal energy device and drifting aquatic organisms or debris. Two metrics are determined with the method: the strike frequency and survival rate estimate. To illustrate the procedure step-by-step, an exemplary case of a simple runner model was run and compared against a probabilistic model widely used for strike frequency evaluation. The results for the exemplary case showed a strong correlation between the two approaches. In the application case of the MHK turbine flow, turbulent flow was modeled using detached eddy simulation (DES) in conjunction with a full moving rotor at full scale. The CFD simulated power and thrust were satisfactorily comparable to experimental results conducted in a water tunnel on a reduced scaled (1:8.7) version of the turbine design. A cloud of DEM particles was injected into the domain to simulate fish or debris that were entrained into the turbine flow. The strike frequency was the ratio of the count of colliding particles to the crossing sample size. The fish length and approaching velocity were test conditions in the simulations of the MHK turbine. Comparisons showed that DEM-based frequencies tend to be greater than previous results from Lagrangian particles and probabilistic models, mostly because the DEM scheme accounts for both the geometric aspects of the passage event ---which the probabilistic method does--- as well as the fluid-particle interactions ---which the Lagrangian particle method does. The DEM-based survival rates were comparable to laboratory results for small fish but not for mid-size fish because of the considerably different turbine diameters. The modeling framework can be used for applications that aim at evaluating the biological performance of MHK turbine units during the design phase and to provide information to regulatory agencies needed for the environmental permitting process.

Romero Gomez, Pedro DJ; Richmond, Marshall C.

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

168

Atmospheric and Wake Turbulence Impacts on Wind Turbine Fatigue Loadings  

SciTech Connect

Large-eddy simulations of atmospheric boundary layers under various stability and surface roughness conditions are performed to investigate the turbulence impact on wind turbines. In particular, the aeroelastic responses of the turbines are studied to characterize the fatigue loading of the turbulence present in the boundary layer and in the wake of the turbines. Two utility-scale 5-MW turbines that are separated by seven rotor diameters are placed in a 3 km by 3 km by 1 km domain. They are subjected to atmospheric turbulent boundary layer flow and data is collected on the structural response of the turbine components. The surface roughness was found to increase the fatigue loads while the atmospheric instability had a small influence. Furthermore, the downstream turbines yielded higher fatigue loads indicating that the turbulent wakes generated from the upstream turbines have significant impact.

Lee, S.; Churchfield, M.; Moriarty, P.; Jonkman, J.; Michalakes, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Small Wind Guidebook/Can I Go Off-Grid | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Can I Go Off-Grid Can I Go Off-Grid < Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site? * How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? * Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid? * Can I Go Off-Grid? * State Information Portal * Glossary of Terms * For More Information Can I Go "Off-Grid"?

170

Small Wind Guidebook/Is Wind Energy Practical for Me | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Practical for Me Practical for Me < Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site? * How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? * Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid? * Can I Go Off-Grid? * State Information Portal * Glossary of Terms * For More Information Is Wind Energy Practical for Me?

171

Small Wind Guidebook/Is There Enough Wind on My Site | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

There Enough Wind on My Site There Enough Wind on My Site < Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site? * How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? * Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid? * Can I Go Off-Grid? * State Information Portal * Glossary of Terms * For More Information Is There Enough Wind on My Site?

172

Small Wind Guidebook/First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient < Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site? * How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? * Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid? * Can I Go Off-Grid? * State Information Portal * Glossary of Terms * For More Information

173

Small Wind Guidebook/What Do Wind Systems Cost | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

What Do Wind Systems Cost What Do Wind Systems Cost < Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site? * How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? * Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid? * Can I Go Off-Grid? * State Information Portal * Glossary of Terms * For More Information What Do Wind Systems Cost?

174

Small Wind Guidebook/How Much Energy Will My System Generate | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

How Much Energy Will My System Generate How Much Energy Will My System Generate < Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site? * How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? * Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid? * Can I Go Off-Grid? * State Information Portal * Glossary of Terms * For More Information

175

Small Wind Guidebook/Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support < Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site? * How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? * Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid? * Can I Go Off-Grid? * State Information Portal * Glossary of Terms * For More Information

176

Graphene oxide oxidizes stannous ions to synthesize tin sulfidegraphene nanocomposites with small crystal size for high performance lithium ion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphene oxide oxidizes stannous ions to synthesize tin sulfide­graphene nanocomposites with small September 2012 DOI: 10.1039/c2jm34864k This study reports a novel strategy of preparing graphene composites by employing graphene oxide as precursor and oxidizer. It is demonstrated that graphene oxide can oxidize

Cao, Guozhong

177

Particle Number and Size Emissions from a Small Displacement Automotive Diesel Engine: Bioderived vs Conventional Fossil Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

§ General Motors Powertrain Europe, Corso Castelfidardo 36, 10138 Torino, Italy ... The experiments were carried out at the Politecnico di Torino on a modern small displacement, turbocharged, common-rail Euro 5 direct injection (DI) automotive diesel engine, one of the smallest engines on the market, considering unit displacement. ...

Federico Millo; Davide Simone Vezza; Theodoros Vlachos; Andrea De Filippo; Claudio Ciaravino; Nunzio Russo; Debora Fino

2012-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

178

Wind Turbines Benefit Crops  

SciTech Connect

Ames Laboratory associate scientist Gene Takle talks about research into the effect of wind turbines on nearby crops. Preliminary results show the turbines may have a positive effect by cooling and drying the crops and assisting with carbon dioxide uptake.

Takle, Gene

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Gas Turbine Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a cycle process of a gas turbine, the compressor load, as well as ... from the expansion of the hot pressurized flue gas. Either turbine, compressor and driven assembly are joined by ... shaft is thus divided,...

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Gas-Turbine Cycles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This book focuses on the design of regenerators for high-performance regenerative gas turbines. The ways in which gas-turbine regenerators can be designed for high system performance can be understood by studying...

Douglas Stephen Beck; David Gordon Wilson

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

NREL: Wind Research - SWIFT Wind Turbine Testing and Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SWIFT Wind Turbine Testing and Results SWIFT Wind Turbine Testing and Results The SWIFT wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL is testing the SWIFT small wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The competitive grant was awarded to Cascade Engineering. The SWIFT is a 1-kilowatt (kW), five-bladed with outer ring, horizontal-axis upwind small wind turbine. The turbine's rotor diameter is 2 meters, and its hub height is 13.72 meters. The SWIFT uses a single-phase permanent-magnet generator rated at 1 kW grid connected through an inverter at 240 volts AC. Testing Summary Supporting data and explanations for data provided in this table will be provided in the final reports. Data presented are preliminary and subject

182

Steam Turbine Control Valve Noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although noise problems with steam turbine control valves have existed before they have become more prominent with nuclear turbines whose valves range to 20 in. in diameter. Our first?generation nuclear control valves were unacceptably noisy when operating under chocked conditions. These noise levels have been ameliorated by incorporation of a valve cage with numerous small holes. Rational design rules for this “dispersive muffler” have been developed from published multiple?jet noise data and improved through our own tests. However we are also evaluating other low?noise valve configurations which are consistent with turbine requirements. The approach we are developing is to investigate the internal aerodynamic noisegeneration in small air model tests and to combine this with measurements of pipe?wall transmission characteristics (being reported separately) to predict externally radiated noise. These predictions will be checked in a new steam test facility for complete scale?model valves. The small air tests show that acoustic efficiencies of throttling valve flows tend to vary with third power of Mach number when exhausting into space and with a lesser power when enclosed in a downstream pipe. At some pressure ratios narrow?band spikes appear in the spectrum and for some configurations step changes in sound power are associated with transitions in flow regimes.

Frank J. Heymann; Michael A. Staiano

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Sliding vane geometry turbines  

SciTech Connect

Various systems and methods are described for a variable geometry turbine. In one example, a turbine nozzle comprises a central axis and a nozzle vane. The nozzle vane includes a stationary vane and a sliding vane. The sliding vane is positioned to slide in a direction substantially tangent to an inner circumference of the turbine nozzle and in contact with the stationary vane.

Sun, Harold Huimin; Zhang, Jizhong; Hu, Liangjun; Hanna, Dave R

2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

184

Wind Turbine Competition Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind Turbine Competition Introduction: The Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers, SHPE at UTK, wishes to invite you to participate in our first `Wind Turbine' competition as part of Engineer's Week). You will be evaluated by how much power your wind turbine generates at the medium setting of our fan

Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

185

Risk of All-Cause and Prostate Cancer-Specific Mortality After Brachytherapy in Men With Small Prostate Size  

SciTech Connect

Background: Brachytherapy for prostate cancer can be technically challenging in men with small prostates ({<=}20 cc), but it is unknown whether their outcomes are different than those of men with larger prostates. Methods and Materials: We studied 6,416 men treated with brachytherapy in one of 21 community-based practices. Cox regression and Fine and Gray's regression were used to determine whether volume {<=}20 cc was associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality (ACM) or prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM), respectively, after adjustment for other known prognostic factors. Results: 443 patients (6.9%) had a prostate volume {<=}20 cc. After a median follow-up of 2.91 years (interquartile range, 1.06-4.79), volume {<=}20 cc was associated with a significantly higher risk of ACM (adjusted hazard ratio = 1.33 [95% CI 1.08-1.65], p = 0.0085) with 3-year estimates of ACM for {<=}20 cc vs. >20 cc of 13.0% vs. 6.9% (p = 0.028). Only 23 men (0.36%) have died of prostate cancer, and no difference was seen in PCSM by volume (p = 0.4). Conclusion: Men with small prostates at the time of implant had a 33% higher risk of ACM, and the underlying cause of this remains uncertain. No increase in PCSM was observed in men with volume {<=}20cc, suggesting that a small prostate should not in itself be a contraindication for brachytherapy, but inasmuch as absolute rates of PCSM were small, further follow-up will be needed to confirm this finding.

Nguyen, Paul L., E-mail: E-pnguyen@LROC.harvard.ed [Department of Radiation Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Chen, Ming H. [Department of Statistics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States); Choueiri, Toni K. [Department of Medical Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Hoffman, Karen E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Hu, Jim C. [Department of Urology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Martin, Neil E.; Beard, Clair J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Dosoretz, Daniel E. [21st Century Oncology, Fort Myers, FL (United States); Moran, Brian J. [Chicago Prostate Center, Westmont, IL (United States); Katin, Michael J. [21st Century Oncology, Fort Myers, FL (United States); Braccioforte, Michelle H. [Chicago Prostate Center, Westmont, IL (United States); Ross, Rudi; Salenius, Sharon A. [21st Century Oncology, Fort Myers, FL (United States); Kantoff, Philip W. [Department of Medical Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); D'Amico, Anthony V. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Evolution of small-scale magnetic elements in the vicinity of granular-size swirl convective motions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advances in solar instrumentation have led to a widespread usage of time series to study the dynamics of solar features, specially at small spatial scales and at very fast cadences. Physical processes at such scales are determinant as building blocks for many others occurring from the lower to the upper layers of the solar atmosphere and beyond, ultimately for understanding the bigger picture of solar activity. Ground-based (SST) and space-borne (Hinode) high-resolution solar data are analyzed in a quiet Sun region displaying negative polarity small-scale magnetic concentrations and a cluster of bright points observed in G-band and Ca II H images. The studied region is characterized by the presence of two small-scale convective vortex-type plasma motions, one of which appears to be affecting the dynamics of both, magnetic features and bright points in its vicinity and therefore the main target of our investigations. We followed the evolution of bright points, intensity variations at different atmospheric heig...

Dominguez, S Vargas; Balmaceda, L; Cabello, I; Domingo, V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Influences of energy economy on steam turbine design  

SciTech Connect

The pulp and paper industry uses condensing, backpressure, and automatic extraction types of steam turbines. Small drive turbines have better efficiency with multiple stages. The author presents a summary of some alternate steam turbine designs and shows the impact on operating energy costs. There is a summary of operating parameters for various cogeneration design options with illustration of the relative energy cost of each of the various designs.

Garner, J.W. (BE and K Engineering, Morrisville, NC (United States))

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

NETL: Turbines - Oxy-Fuel Turbines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oxy-Fuel Turbines Oxy-Fuel Turbines Oxy-fuel combustion potentially can be used in plants based on both conventional and advanced technology. Studies have shown that plants equipped with oxy-fuel systems could reach nominal efficiencies in the 30 percent range with today's steam turbines when fueled with natural gas and when capturing the CO2. With anticipated advances in gasification, oxygen separation, and steam turbine technology, plants using oxy-fuel systems are expected to achieve efficiencies in the mid-40 percent range, with near-100 percent CO2 capture and near-zero NOx emissions. By 2012: In the near-term, efforts are focused on the development of oxy- fuel turbine and combustor technologies for highly efficient (50-60 percent), near-zero emissions, coal-based power systems

189

Theory and Performance of Tesla Turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

can significantly increase turbine efficiency. Exploratorymodel indicate that turbine efficiencies exceeding 75% canand experimental turbine efficiencies. The CFD solutions of

Romanin, Vincent D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Vertical axis wind turbine  

SciTech Connect

Wind turbines are largely divided into vertical axis wind turbines and propeller (Horizontal axis) wind turbines. The present invention discloses a vertical axis high speed wind turbine provided with a starting and braking control system. This vertical axis wind turbine is formed by having blades of a proper airfoil fitted to respective supporting arms provided radially from a vertical rotary axis by keeping the blade span-wise direction in parallel with the axis and being provided with a low speed control windmill in which the radial position of each operating piece varies with a centrifugal force produced by the rotation of the vertical rotary axis.

Kato, Y.; Seki, K.; Shimizu, Y.

1981-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

191

Working on new gas turbine cycle for heat pump drive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Working on new gas turbine cycle for heat pump drive FILE COPY TAP By Irwin Stambler, Field Editor, is sized for a 10-ton heat pump system - will be scaled to power a commercial product line ranging from 7 of the cycle- as a heat pump drive for commercial installations. Company is testing prototype gas turbine

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

192

Nature's Classroom Wind Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nature's Classroom Wind Turbine Nature's Classroom Wind Turbine Jump to: navigation, search Name Nature's Classroom Wind Turbine Facility Nature's Classroom Wind Turbine Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Nature's Classroom Energy Purchaser Nature's Classroom Location Charlton MA Coordinates 42.113685°, -72.008475° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.113685,"lon":-72.008475,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

193

Safety and Function Test Report for the SWIFT Wind Turbine  

SciTech Connect

This test was conducted as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Independent Testing project. This project was established to help reduce the barriers of wind energy expansion by providing independent testing results for small turbines. Three turbines where selected for testing at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) as a part of round two of the Small Wind Turbine Independent Testing project. Safety and Function testing is one of up to 5 tests that may be performed on the turbines. Other tests include power performance, duration, noise, and power quality. The results of the testing will provide the manufacturers with reports that may be used for small wind turbine certification.

Mendoza, I.; Hur, J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Preliminary experimental analysis of a small-scale prototype SWRO desalination plant, designed for continuous adjustment of its energy consumption to the widely varying power generated by a stand-alone wind turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Given the significant water-energy problems associated with many remote and arid areas of the planet, most studies, projects and developments of installations for the production of fresh water using desalination technologies powered by renewable energy sources have focussed on small-scale stand-alone systems. The most commonly used energy sources have been solar photovoltaic and wind and the most widely applied desalination technology that of reverse osmosis (RO). Most of the systems use batteries as a means of mass energy storage and the RO plants normally operate at constant pressure and flow rate. This paper presents a small-scale prototype SWRO (seawater reverse osmosis) desalination plant designed to continuously adapt its energy consumption to the variable power supplied by a wind turbine (WT), dispensing with mass energy storage in batteries and proposing the use of a supercapacitor bank as a dynamic regulation system. A description is given of the tests performed to date with the SWRO desalination plant connected to the conventional grid while controlling the number of pressure vessels that are connected/disconnected to/from the system and regulating their operating pressures and flow rates (within predetermined admissible limits) to maintain a constant permeate recovery rate and adapt the energy consumption of the plant to a widely varying simulated wind energy supply. One of the most important conclusions that can be drawn from the studies undertaken is the feasibility of adapting the consumption of the prototype of the SWRO desalination plant to widely varying WT-generated power. Despite using various time interval lengths in which it was assumed that the WT output power remained constant, a perfect fit was not obtained between the theoretical WT-generated power and the power consumed by the SWRO desalination plant, nor was it possible to maintain a constant permeate recovery rate at each instant.

José A. Carta; Jaime González; Pedro Cabrera; Vicente J. Subiela

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

QUANTITATIVE DAMAGE ASSESSMENT OF HYBRID COMPOSITE WIND TURBINE BLADES BY ENERGY BASED ACOUSTIC EMISSION SOURCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy with higher efficiency and cost-effective considerations, the size of the wind turbine blade hasQUANTITATIVE DAMAGE ASSESSMENT OF HYBRID COMPOSITE WIND TURBINE BLADES BY ENERGY BASED ACOUSTIC in the wind turbine blade. It was tried to apply a new source location method, which has a developed algorithm

Boyer, Edmond

196

Surface-supported Ag islands stabilized by a quantum size effect: Their interaction with small molecules relevant to ethylene epoxidation  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation focuses on how QSE-stabilized, surface-supported Ag nanoclusters will interact with ethylene or oxygen. Experiments are performed to determine whether the QSE-mediated Ag islands react differently toward adsorption of ethylene or oxygen, or whether the adsorption of these small molecules will affect the QSE-mediated stability of Ag islands. Studies of the interaction of oxygen with Ag/Si(111)-7×7 were previously reported, but these studies were performed at a low Ag coverage where 3D Ag islands were not formed. So the study of such a system at a higher Ag coverage will be a subject of this work. The interaction of ethylene with Ag/Si(111)-7×7, as well as the interaction of oxygen with Ag/NiAl(110) are also important parts of this study.

Shao, Dahai

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Department of Energy Announces $60 Million for Small Business...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Articles Energy Department Awards 116 Million to Small Businesses for Innovative Research Energy Department Accepting Small Business Grant Applications for Large Wind Turbines...

198

An Algorithm of Gas Turbine Components in Aircraft  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......following section. The efficiency of an algorithm 0...6. ALIGNMENT OF GAS TURBINE COMPONENTS 141 which...stage. 4. Increasing efficiency It has already been...increase substantially the efficiency of the algorithm, so...problem encountered in gas turbine assembly, only a small......

S. MCKEE; M.B. REED

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

2.10 - Electrical Parts of Wind Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This section presents the electrical subsystem of a wind turbine. Specifically, the power control, the generator, the power electronics, the grid connection, and the lightning protection modules are discussed. Though the content is targeted to present-day megawatt turbine, small machines are shortly presented. A list of the most important manufacturers in the field is also included. Finally, future outlook is described.

G.S. Stavrakakis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Simulation of electricity supply of an Atlantic island by offshore wind turbines and wave  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulation of electricity supply of an Atlantic island by offshore wind turbines and wave energy community. Key words: Wave energy, offshore wind turbines, marine energy 1 Introduction Marine renewables installations of a few kW like small wind turbines or photovoltaic cells installed to provide electricity

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

MHK Technologies/GreenFlow Turbines | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GreenFlow Turbines GreenFlow Turbines < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage GreenFlow Turbines.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Gulfstream Technologies Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Cross Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description Targeted at commercial sites with large water flow volume These hydro turbines range in size from 50kW to 750kW with many sites able to house multiple units Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 55:53.9 << Return to the MHK database homepage Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=MHK_Technologies/GreenFlow_Turbines&oldid=681584

202

E-Print Network 3.0 - air-cooled gas turbine Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

State University Collection: Engineering 27 Combustion System Development for Medium-Sized Industrial Gas Turbines: Meeting Tight Emission Regulations while Using Summary:...

203

NREL: Wind Research - Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 Wind Turbine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 Wind Turbine Testing and Results Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 Wind Turbine Testing and Results Get the Adobe Flash Player to see this video. A video of Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL tested Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The ARE 442 is a 10-kilowatt (kW), three-bladed, horizontal-axis upwind small wind turbine. It has a hub height of 30.9 meters and a rotor diameter of 7.2 meters. The turbine has a single-phase permanent-magnet generator that operates at variable voltages up to 410 volts AC. Testing Summary The summary of the tests is below with the final reports.

204

MHK Technologies/SeaUrchin Vortex Reaction Turbine | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SeaUrchin Vortex Reaction Turbine SeaUrchin Vortex Reaction Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage SeaUrchin Vortex Reaction Turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Elemental Energy Technologies Limited ABN 46 128 491 903 Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4 Proof of Concept Technology Description A revolutionary vortex reaction turbine branded the SeaUrchin an advanced third generation marine turbine technology capable of delivering inexpensive small to large scale baseload or predictable electricity by harnessing the kinetic energy of free flowing ocean currents tides and rivers Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 55:15.2

205

Small Wind Guidebook/First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Small Wind Guidebook/First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient < Small Wind Guidebook(Redirected from Small Wind Guidebook/First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient?) Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support?

206

Fish injury and mortality in spillage and turbine passage  

SciTech Connect

Spillage rather than turbine passage has generally been considered the more benign route for fish passing hydroelectric stations. However, recent studies utilizing the HI-Z Turb`N Tag recapture technique indicate that fish survival may be similar for these passage routes. Short-term ({<=}1 h) survival rates determined during 25 passage tests at propeller turbines on a variety of fish species were compared with those from six sluice/spill tests. Turbine passage survival data were partitioned by fish size, individual turbine unit size, and efficient or inefficient mode of turbine operation. The survival rate in all the turbine passage tests ranged from 81 to 100% (median 96%). Survival estimates were generally similar over the entire range of turbine discharges tested and regardless of operational mode for fish {<=}200 mm (93 to 100%; median 96%). However, studies on fish >200 mm where smaller turbines operated inefficiently were more variable. Estimated survival rates of 81 to 86% were obtained for these larger fish. These latter studies occurred at horizontal propeller type turbines where an inefficient wicket gate or turbine blade setting was tested. Survival rates obtained during the sluice/spill tests ranged from 93 to 100%, with a median of 98%. Although fish species or size did not appear an important factor, the physical characteristics of the sluice/spill area apparently did affect survival. Unobstructed spills yielded higher survival rates. Since similar passage survival rates were obtained for turbine passage (96%) compared to spill passage (98%), the strategy of diverting fishes over spillways or through bypasses should be reexamined. This is especially true when bypasses or spills are suggested as mitigation to protect emigrating juvenile anadromous fishes. Whichever strategy is chosen a quantitative evaluation of each route should be undertaken.

Heisey, P.G.; Mathur, D.; Euston, E.T. [RMC Environmental Services, Drumore, PA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

207

Lessons Learned: Milwaukee’s Wind Turbine Project  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

U.S. Department of Energy Community and Renewable Energy Success Stories webinar series titled Wind Energy in Urban Environments. This presentation describes a mid-size wind turbine installation near downtown Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

208

Improving steam turbine efficiency  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the condition of a significant number of fossil steam turbines operating in the United States and the maintenance practices used to improve their performance. Through the use of steam path audits conducted by the authors` company and by several utilities, a large data base of information on turbine heat rate, casing efficiency, and maintenance practices is available to help the power generation industry understand how different maintenance practices and steam path damage impact turbine performance. The data base reveals that turbine cycle heat rate is typically 5.23% poorer than design just prior to major outages. The degraded condition of steam turbines presents an opportunity for utilities to improve heat rate and reduce emissions without increasing fuel costs. The paper describes what losses typically contribute to the 5.23% heat rate degradation and how utilities can recover steam turbine performance through maintenance actions aimed at improving steam path efficiency.

Cioffi, D.H.; Mitchell, D.R.; Whitecar, S.C. [Encotech, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Comparative investigation of unsteady flow interactions in endwall regions of shrouded and unshrouded turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The flow in turbomachinery is inherently unsteady, and the endwall losses are major sources of lost efficiency in turbine cascades. Therefore, the investigation of unsteady endwall flow interactions and the consideration of the effects into turbine design are valuable to improve the turbine performance. Comparative investigation into the physical mechanisms of unsteady endwall flow interactions of 1.5-stage shrouded and unshrouded turbines are performed by using a three-dimensional Navier–Stokes viscous solver. Emphasis is placed on how unsteady stator–rotor interactions affect turbine endwall secondary flows, and the feasibility of incorporating the unsteady endwall flow effects in turbine design is also discussed. The results show that unsteady interactions between upstream wake, tip leakage vortex/mixing zone and downstream passage vortex are the main factor affecting turbine endwall secondary flows. Unsteady interactions can reduce the radial vorticity of turbine endwall secondary flows, and the effects of these interactions on the streamwise vorticity of endwall secondary flows depend on upstream wake characteristics. The properly controlled unsteady interactions can reduce the size and intensity of endwall secondary flows, and thus improve the turbine performance. Because of the difference of turbine tip architectures, the periodic fluctuations of the flow in the shrouded turbine have smaller amplitude than those in the unshrouded turbine, and the shrouded turbine is of better unsteady performance than the unshrouded turbine.

Jie Gao; Qun Zheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

E-Print Network 3.0 - amulti-mw wind turbine Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Commission Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 22 A Review of "Small-Scale Wind Turbines Policy Perspectives and Summary: ERG200607 A Review of...

211

E-Print Network 3.0 - approaching wind turbines Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Commission Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 9 A Review of "Small-Scale Wind Turbines Policy Perspectives and Summary: ERG200607 A Review of...

212

E-Print Network 3.0 - axial turbine experimentelle Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Engineering ; Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 8 DESIGN OF SMALL SCALE GAS TURBINE SYSTEMS FOR UNMANNED-AERIAL VEHICLES Summary: (emphasize reduced...

213

An experimental study of improvement of a micro hydro turbine performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The thesis includes a literature survey of small hydraulic turbines, incorporating a historical review. The possible role of "micro hydros" in generating power in various… (more)

Yassi, Yousef

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Foundations for offshore wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...T. Thompson Foundations for offshore wind turbines B. W. Byrne G. T...civil-engineering problems encountered for offshore wind turbines. A critical component...energy suppliers. Foundations|Offshore Wind Turbines|Renewable Energy...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Barstow Wind Turbine Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation covers the Barstow Wind Turbine project for the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting, held on November 18-19, 2009.

216

Wind Turbine Tribology Seminar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Wind turbine reliability issues are often linked to failures of contacting components, such as bearings, gears, and actuators. Therefore, special consideration to tribological design in wind...

217

Hermetic turbine generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A Rankine cycle turbine drives an electric generator and a feed pump, all on a single shaft, and all enclosed within a hermetically sealed case. The shaft is vertically oriented with the turbine exhaust directed downward and the shaft is supported on hydrodynamic fluid film bearings using the process fluid as lubricant and coolant. The selection of process fluid, type of turbine, operating speed, system power rating, and cycle state points are uniquely coordinated to achieve high turbine efficiency at the temperature levels imposed by the recovery of waste heat from the more prevalent industrial processes.

Meacher, John S. (Ballston Lake, NY); Ruscitto, David E. (Ballston Spa, NY)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Economical Condensing Turbines?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an engineer decide when to conduct an in depth study of the economics either in the company or outside utilizing professional engineers who are experts in this type of project. Condensing steam turbines may not be economical when the fuel is purchased...Economical Condensing Turbines? by J.E.Dean, P.E. Steam turbines have long been used at utilities and in industry to generate power. There are three basic types of steam turbines: condensing, letdown 1 and extraction/condensing. ? Letdown...

Dean, J. E.

219

Techno-economic analysis of a small size short range EES (electric energy storage) system for a PV (photovoltaic) plant serving a SME (small and medium enterprise) in a given regulatory context  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Considering the case of small-medium size plants based on PV (photovoltaic), an analysis was developed in order to model, simulate and optimize an electricity storage system to be coupled to a small photovoltaic plant applied to an industry load, to calculate its profitability in a given regulatory context. The case study is the current Italian electricity market. The analysis was done on a small industrial plant in the area of Torino (North-West Italy), with its own photovoltaic plant connected to the public electrical grid. After an analysis of the present situation, the aim of the analysis is to understand the behaviour, from an economic point of view, of the self-consumption of renewable energy in case of a sudden deregulation of the market (switch off of feed in tariffs or RES (renewable energy system) kWh). The study includes a sensitivity analysis of the main technical and economic parameters in order to identify which of them have the greatest influence on economic performance, and therefore which parameters have to be considered with special care by the producers (technical and economic parameters) and the regulatory authorities (regulations) to decide and optimize the adoption of storage systems as a way to sustain the massive introduction of RES in the energy arena.

R. Scozzari; M. Santarelli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Sizing High Speed Micro Generators for Smart Grid Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter presents a step by step sizing procedure of High Speed Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators (HSPMSGs) for smart grid applications to be driven by micro-turbines....

Adel El Shahat; Ali Keyhani

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Turbines and turbulence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Will wind turbines wreck the environment? Last month, the South China Morning Post published a news story ... dismissive official quoted probably has a point. There is no solid scientific evidence that wind turbines can trigger major changes in rainfall. And given Nature's conversations with atmospheric modellers ...

2010-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

222

Modern Gas Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE published information on gas turbines is both voluminous and widely dispersed, a considerable part of the technical literature of ... hands of students whose imagination has been fired by the rapid development of the gas turbine, and whose knowledge of thermodynamics may not be sufficient to detect such errors. There ...

E. G. STERLAND

1948-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

223

Shipbuilding: Cunard Turbines Examined  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... judge. It will be a great achievement if he can devise an assessment of the turbine troubles to satisfy all three parties. The Minister of Technology, Mr Anthony Wedgwood Benn ... Arnold to examine reports from all three companies on the faults which arose in the turbines during the recent trials of the QE2, and to assess the remedial measures that ...

1969-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

224

Single rotor turbine engine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There has been invented a turbine engine with a single rotor which cools the engine, functions as a radial compressor, pushes air through the engine to the ignition point, and acts as an axial turbine for powering the compressor. The invention engine is designed to use a simple scheme of conventional passage shapes to provide both a radial and axial flow pattern through the single rotor, thereby allowing the radial intake air flow to cool the turbine blades and turbine exhaust gases in an axial flow to be used for energy transfer. In an alternative embodiment, an electric generator is incorporated in the engine to specifically adapt the invention for power generation. Magnets are embedded in the exhaust face of the single rotor proximate to a ring of stationary magnetic cores with windings to provide for the generation of electricity. In this alternative embodiment, the turbine is a radial inflow turbine rather than an axial turbine as used in the first embodiment. Radial inflow passages of conventional design are interleaved with radial compressor passages to allow the intake air to cool the turbine blades.

Platts, David A. (Los Alamos, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Ceramic Cerami Turbine Nozzle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A turbine nozzle vane assembly having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is positioned in a gas turbine engine and being attached to conventional metallic components. The metallic components having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine nozzle vane assembly. The turbine nozzle vane assembly includes an outer shroud and an inner shroud having a plurality of horizontally segmented vanes therebetween being positioned by a connecting member positioning segmented vanes in functional relationship one to another. The turbine nozzle vane assembly provides an economical, reliable and effective ceramic component having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the other component.

Boyd, Gary L. (Alpine, CA)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Ceramic turbine nozzle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A turbine nozzle and shroud assembly having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is positioned in a gas turbine engine and being attached to conventional metallic components. The metallic components have a preestablished rate of thermal expansion greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine nozzle vane assembly. The turbine nozzle vane assembly includes a plurality of segmented vane defining a first vane segment and a second vane segment, each of the first and second vane segments having a vertical portion, and each of the first vane segments and the second vane segments being positioned in functional relationship one to another within a recess formed within an outer shroud and an inner shroud. The turbine nozzle and shroud assembly provides an economical, reliable and effective ceramic component having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being less than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the other component. 4 figs.

Shaffer, J.E.; Norton, P.F.

1996-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

227

Ceramic turbine nozzle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A turbine nozzle and shroud assembly having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is positioned in a gas turbine engine and being attached to conventional metallic components. The metallic components having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine nozzle vane assembly. The turbine nozzle vane assembly includes a plurality of segmented vane defining a first vane segment and a second vane segment. Each of the first and second vane segments having a vertical portion. Each of the first vane segments and the second vane segments being positioned in functional relationship one to another within a recess formed within an outer shroud and an inner shroud. The turbine nozzle and shroud assembly provides an economical, reliable and effective ceramic component having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being less than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the other component.

Shaffer, James E. (Maitland, FL); Norton, Paul F. (San Diego, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Small Wind Guidebook/Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Small Wind Guidebook/Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid < Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site?

229

Chapter 4 - Natural Gas–fired Gas Turbines and Combined Cycle Power Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Gas turbines can burn a range of liquid and gaseous fuels but most burn natural gas. Power plants based on gas turbines are one of the cheapest types of plant to build, but the cost of their electricity depends heavily on the cost of their fuel. Two types of gas turbine are used for power generation: aero-derivative gas turbines and heavy-duty gas turbines. The former are used to provide power to the grid at times of peak demand. The latter are most often found in combined cycle power stations. These are capable of more than 60% efficiency. There are a number of ways of modifying the gas turbine cycle to improve efficiency, including reheating and intercooling. Micro-turbines have been developed for very small-scale generation of both electricity and heat. The main atmospheric emissions from gas turbines are carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxide.

Paul Breeze

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Can Fish Morphological Characteristics be Used to Re-design Hydroelectric Turbines?  

SciTech Connect

Safe fish passage affects not only migratory species, but also populations of resident fish by altering biomass, biodiversity, and gene flow. Consequently, it is important to estimate turbine passage survival of a wide range of susceptible fish. Although fish-friendly turbines show promise for reducing turbine passage mortality, experimental data on their beneficial effects are limited to only a few species, mainly salmon and trout. For thousands of untested species and sizes of fish, the particular causes of turbine passage mortality and the benefits of fish-friendly turbine designs remain unknown. It is not feasible to measure the turbine-passage survival of every species of fish in every hydroelectric turbine design. We are attempting to predict fish mortality based on an improved understanding of turbine-passage stresses (pressure, shear stress, turbulence, strike) and information about the morphological, behavioral, and physiological characteristics of different fish taxa that make them susceptible to the stresses. Computational fluid dynamics and blade strike models of the turbine environment are re-examined in light of laboratory and field studies of fish passage effects. Comparisons of model-predicted stresses to measured injuries and mortalities will help identify fish survival thresholds and the aspects of turbines that are most in need of re-design. The coupled model and fish morphology evaluations will enable us to make predictions of turbine-passage survival among untested fish species, for both conventional and advanced turbines, and to guide the design of hydroelectric turbines to improve fish passage survival.

Cada, G. F.; Richmond, Marshall C.

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

231

Wind Turbine Blockset General Overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind Turbine Blockset in Saber General Overview and Description of the Models Florin Iov, Adrian Turbine Blockset in Saber Abstract. This report presents a new developed Saber Toolbox for wind turbine, optimize and design wind turbines". The report provides a quick overview of the Saber and then explains

232

Cooled snubber structure for turbine blades  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A turbine blade assembly in a turbine engine. The turbine blade assembly includes a turbine blade and a first snubber structure. The turbine blade includes an internal cooling passage containing cooling air. The first snubber structure extends outwardly from a sidewall of the turbine blade and includes a hollow interior portion that receives cooling air from the internal cooling passage of the turbine blade.

Mayer, Clinton A; Campbell, Christian X; Whalley, Andrew; Marra, John J

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Earth Turbines Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turbines Inc Turbines Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Earth Turbines Inc Place Hinesburg, Vermont Zip 5461 Sector Wind energy Product Start-up company developing small-scale wind technology for the residential and commercial market. Coordinates 44.335002°, -73.109687° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.335002,"lon":-73.109687,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

234

Steam turbine restart temperature maintenance system and method  

SciTech Connect

A restart temperature maintenance system is described for a steam turbine system; the steam turbine system comprising a steam turbine, the turbine including a rotation shaft, an outer metal shell means. The restart temperature maintenance system consists of: (a) fastener means affixed to the outer surface of the shell means at predetermined positions; (b) air gap spacer means affixed to the outer surface of the shell means, the air gap spacer means substantially covering the shell means; (c) a plurality of electric heating blanket means of predetermined size and shape positioned in insulative relationship over the air gap spacer means and the heating blanket means maintained in predetermined position by the fastener means; (d) heat sensor means affixed to the outer metal shell means of the steam turbine in predetermined position; (e) power supply means for supplying power to the heating blanket means; (f) heat sensor monitor and controller means connected in circuit between the power supply means and the heat sensor means.

McClelland, T.R.

1986-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

235

Risk of collision between service vessels and offshore wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Offshore wind farms are growing in size and are situated farther and farther away from shore. The demand for service visits to transfer personnel and equipment to the wind turbines is increasing, and safe operation of the vessels is essential. Currently, collisions between service vessels and offshore wind turbines are paid little attention to in the offshore wind energy industry. This paper proposes a risk assessment framework for such collisions and investigates the magnitude of the collision risk and important risk-influencing factors. The paper concludes that collisions between turbines and service vessels even at low speed may cause structural damage to the turbines. There is a need for improved consideration of this kind of collision risk when designing offshore wind turbines and wind farms.

Lijuan Dai; Sören Ehlers; Marvin Rausand; Ingrid Bouwer Utne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Sea trials for Eurodyn gas turbine  

SciTech Connect

The Eurodyn gas turbine concept is a collaboration between Ulstein Turbine, Turbomeca and Volvo Aero. It is also supported by the European Community under its high-technology Eureka program (EU 159). A full-size Eurodyn prototype has been running on a test bed in France since October 1992. A complete engine, including a power output gear-box, began parallel test bed trials in Norway in March 1993. Results to date indicate that these test engines have achieved efficiencies of 32.8%. The corresponding output is recorded as being 2.6 MW (ISO) with NO{sub x} emissions stated as being as low as 24 ppm (15% O{sub 2}) running on marine diesel fuel. The Eurodyn gas turbine is designed to provide some 9000 hours of operation between overhauls, effectively giving a typical fast ferry application something like three years of operation. The TBO for power generation applications is 20000 hours, which also means about three years of operation. Of particular significance in this gas turbine package is the incorporation of a dedicated output gearbox. For marine applications the gearbox developed by Ulstein Propeller is a compact and light two-stage epicyclic unit reducing the power turbine output speed of 13000 r/min down to 1000 r/min. 3 figs.

Kunberger, K.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

FSI Modeling of Vertical-Axis Wind Turbines Y. Bazilevs, A. Korobenko, X. Deng, and J. Yan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FSI Modeling of Vertical-Axis Wind Turbines Y. Bazilevs, A. Korobenko, X. Deng, and J. Yan-dependent aerodynamics and fluid-structure interaction (FSI) simula- tions of a Darrieus-type vertical-axis wind turbine compared to the vertical-axis wind turbine (VAWT) designs. However, smaller-size VAWTs are more suitable

Dabiri, John O.

238

Load Reduction of Wind Turbines Using Receding Horizon Control Mohsen Soltani, Rafael Wisniewski, Per Brath, and Stephen Boyd  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Load Reduction of Wind Turbines Using Receding Horizon Control Mohsen Soltani, Rafael Wisniewski, Per Brath, and Stephen Boyd Abstract-- Large scale wind turbines are lightly damped mechanical% respectively, when compared to a conventional controller. I. INTRODUCTION The size of wind turbine structures

239

Composite turbine bucket assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A composite turbine blade assembly includes a ceramic blade including an airfoil portion, a shank portion and an attachment portion; and a transition assembly adapted to attach the ceramic blade to a turbine disk or rotor, the transition assembly including first and second transition components clamped together, trapping said ceramic airfoil therebetween. Interior surfaces of the first and second transition portions are formed to mate with the shank portion and the attachment portion of the ceramic blade, and exterior surfaces of said first and second transition components are formed to include an attachment feature enabling the transition assembly to be attached to the turbine rotor or disk.

Liotta, Gary Charles; Garcia-Crespo, Andres

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

240

Aviation turbine fuels, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Properties of some aviation turbine fuels marketed in the United States during 1980 are presented in this report. The samples represented are typical 1980 production and were analyzed in the laboratories of 17 manufacturers of aviation turbine (jet) fuels. The data were submitted for study, calculation, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Results for the properties of 98 samples of aviation turbine fuels are included in the report for military grades JP-4 and JP-5 and commercial type Jet A.

Shelton, E.M.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Aviation turbine fuels, 1982  

SciTech Connect

Properties of some aviation turbine fuels marketed in the United States during 1982 are presented in this report. The samples represented are typical 1982 production and were analyzed in the laboratories of 14 manufacturers of aviation turbine (jet) fuels. The data were submitted for study, calculation, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Results for the properties of 90 samples of aviation turbine fuels are included in the report for military grades JP-4 and HP-5, and commercial type Jet A.

Shelton, E.M.; Dickson, C.L.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Aviation turbine fuels, 1979  

SciTech Connect

Properties of some aviation turbine fuels marketed in the United States during 1979 are presented in this report. The samples represented are typical 1979 production and were analyzed in the laboratories of 17 manufacturers of aviation turbine (jet) fuels. The data were submitted for study, calculation, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Results for the properties of 93 samples of aviation turbine fuels are included in the report for military grades JP-4 and JP-5, and commercial type Jet A.

Shelton, E.M.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Aviation turbine fuels, 1981  

SciTech Connect

Properties of some aviation turbine fuels marketed in the United States during 1981 are presented in this report. The samples represented are typical 1981 production and were analyzed in the laboratories of 15 manufacturers of aviation turbine (jet) fuels. The data were submitted for study, calculation, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Results for the properties of 95 samples of aviation turbine fuels are included in the report for military grades JP-4 and JP-5, and commercial type Jet A.

Shelton, E.M.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Gas turbine combustor transition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for converting a steam cooled transition to an air cooled transition in a gas turbine having a compressor in fluid communication with a combustor, a turbine section in fluid communication with the combustor, the transition disposed in a combustor shell and having a cooling circuit connecting a steam outlet and a steam inlet and wherein hot gas flows from the combustor through the transition and to the turbine section, includes forming an air outlet in the transition in fluid communication with the cooling circuit and providing for an air inlet in the transition in fluid communication with the cooling circuit. 7 figs.

Coslow, B.J.; Whidden, G.L.

1999-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

245

Wind Turbines for Marine Propulsion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTRACT The design and construction of an horizontal axis wind turbine drive for a small yacht is described. This system has been designed to test the performance of this novel type of propulsion for use in commercial shipping, the fisheries industry and for the recreational market. The use of wind turbines to harness the power available from the wind for propulsion purposes offers a number of distinct advantages over other wind propulsion systems. Propulsion is achieved in all directions of travel relative to the wind. Complete control of the system can be arranged from a remote control position such as the ships bridge. This control can be achieved with a small crew because of the opportunities for applying powered and automated control systems. The way in which each of these features is achieved, together with details of the rotor, shafting and gear-train arrangements are described here. An indication is given of the theoretical performance of the yacht under this form of propulsion.

N. Bose; R.C. McGregor

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Siting guidelines for utility application of wind turbines. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Utility-oriented guidelines are described for identifying viable sites for wind turbines. Topics and procedures are also discussed that are important in carrying out a wind turbine siting program. These topics include: a description of the Department of Energy wind resource atlases; procedures for predicting wind turbine performance at potential sites; methods for analyzing wind turbine economics; procedures for estimating installation and maintenance costs; methods for anlayzing the distribution of wind resources over an area; and instrumentation for documenting wind behavior at potential sites. The procedure described is applicable to small and large utilities. Although the procedure was developed as a site-selection tool, it can also be used by a utility who wishes to estimate the potential for wind turbine penetration into its future generation mix.

Pennell, W.T.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Howden Wind Turbines Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Howden Wind Turbines Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Howden Wind Turbines Ltd Place: United Kingdom Sector: Wind energy Product: Howden was a manufacturer of wind turbines in...

248

Category:Wind turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

turbine Jump to: navigation, search Pages in category "Wind turbine" This category contains only the following page. W Wind turbine Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

249

Novel sensorless generator control and grid fault ride-through strategies for variable-speed wind turbines and implementation on a new real-time simulation platform.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The usage of MW-size variable-speed wind turbines as sources of energy has increased significantly during the last decade. Advantages over fixed-speed wind turbines include more… (more)

Yang, Sheng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

NETL: Turbines - UTSR Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Aerodynamics and Heat Transfer Studies of Parameters Specific to the IGCC Requirements: High Mass Flow Endwall Contouring, Leading Edge Filleting and Blade Tip Ejection under Roating Turbine Condition Texas A&M University Meinhard Schobeiri 3 Aerodynamics and Heat Transfer Studies of Parameters Specific to the IGCC Requirements: High Mass Flow Endwall Contouring, Leading Edge Filleting and Blade Tip Ejection under Roating Turbine Condition Texas A&M University Meinhard Schobeiri Project Dates: 10/1/2009 - 9/30/2012 Area of Research: Aero/Heat Transfer Federal Project Manager: Robin Ames Project Objective: This project is advanced research designed to provide the gas turbine industry with a set of quantitative aerodynamic and film cooling effectiveness data essential to understanding the basic physics of complex secondary flows. This includes their influence on the efficiency and performance of gas turbines, and the impact that differing film cooling ejection arrangements have on suppressing the detrimental effect of these

251

NETL: Turbines Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Archive Archive KEY: News News & Features Events Events Publications Publications Archive 09.26.2013 Publications The 2013 Hydrogen Turbine Program Portfolio has been posted to the Reference Shelf. 08.15.2013 News DOE Selects Ten Projects to Conduct Advanced Turbine Technology Research Ten university projects to conduct advanced turbine technology research under the Office of Fossil Energy's University Turbine Systems Research (UTSR) Program have been selected by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for additional development. 07.15.2013 News NETL Innovations Recognized with R&D 100 Awards Two technologies advanced by the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) in collaboration with strategic partners have been recognized by R&D Magazine as among the 100 most technologically significant products introduced into the commercial marketplace within the past year.

252

NETL: Turbines - UTSR Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Simulating Particle Deposition and Mitigating Deposition Degradation Effects in Film Cooled Turbine Sections University of Texas 7 Simulating Particle Deposition and Mitigating Deposition Degradation Effects in Film Cooled Turbine Sections University of Texas David Bogard Project Dates: 8/1/2007 - 9/30/2010 Area of Research: Aero/Heat Transfer Federal Project Manager: Mark Freeman Project Objective: A major goal of this project is to determine a reliable methodology for simulating contaminant deposition in a low-speed wind tunnel facility where testing is considerably less costly. The project is aimed at developing new cooling designs for turbine components that will minimize the effect of the depositions of contaminant particles on turbine components and maintain good film cooling performance even when surface conditions deteriorate. Moreover, a methodology will be established that

253

Gas Turbine Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Historically, preliminary design information regarding gas turbine emissions has been unreliable, particularly for facilities using steam injection and other forms of Best Available Control Technology (BACT). This was probably attributed to the lack...

Frederick, J. D.

254

Scale Models & Wind Turbines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Scale Models and Wind Turbines Grades: 5-8, 9-12 Topics: Wind Energy Owner: Kidwind Project This educational material is brought to you by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of...

255

Fixed Offshore Wind Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, a perspective of offshore wind farms, applied concepts for fixed offshore wind turbines, and related statistics are given. One example of a large wind farm, which is successfully operating, is st...

Madjid Karimirad

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Wind Turbine Blade Design  

K-12 Energy Lesson Plans and Activities Web site (EERE)

Blade engineering and design is one of the most complicated and important aspects of modern wind turbine technology. Engineers strive to design blades that extract as much energy from the wind as possible throughout a range of wind speeds and gusts, yet are still durable, quiet and cheap. A variety of ideas for building turbines and teacher handouts are included in this document and at the Web site.

257

An overview of current and future sustainable gas turbine technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work an overview of current and future sustainable gas turbine technologies is presented. In particular, the various gas turbine technologies are described and compared. Emphasis has been given to the various advance cycles involving heat recovery from the gas turbine exhaust, such as, the gas to gas recuperation cycle, the combined cycle, the chemical recuperation cycle, the Cheng cycle, the humid air turbine cycle, etc. The thermodynamic characteristics of the various cycles are considered in order to establish their relative importance to future power generation markets. The combined cycle technology is now well established and offers superior to any of the competing gas turbine based systems, which are likely to be available in the medium term for large-scale power generation applications. In small-scale generation, less than 50 MWe, it is more cost effective to install a less complex power plant, due to the adverse effect of the economics of scale. Combined cycle plants in this power output range normally have higher specific investment costs and lower electrical efficiencies but also offer robust and reliable performance. Mixed air steam turbines (MAST) technologies are among the possible ways to improve the performance of gas turbine based power plants at feasible costs (e.g. peak load gas turbine plants).

Andreas Poullikkas

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Building bridges to successful alliance formation: extending our understanding of performance related determinants focusing on small- and medium-sized businesses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to build on previous research (Royer et al., 2003) into the relationship between the self/partner reputation and alliance formation using 'Real-World' competitors. Theoretical studies and case studies have progressed the field substantially but have also been subject to a number of limitations. This study includes complex considerations including motivation for alliance, number of potential partners available, resource wealth of potential partners, and past history with potential partners. The focus of this study is on cooperative arrangements of small- and medium-sized firms (SMEs). In the dynamic environment, SMEs with their traditional resource limitations often have to bundle resources with others to survive. It was argued that the study of alliance formation was particularly relevant to smaller business entities. Representatives from 50 Australian engineering organisations were involved in the study. The findings suggest considerable implications for theoretical propositions relating to the complexity of alliance formation for SMEs and the design demonstrates methodological enhancements relevant to the field.

Roland H. Simons; Susanne Royer

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Hydrogen Turbines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydrogen Turbines Hydrogen Turbines Hydrogen Turbines Hydrogen Turbines The Turbines of Tomorrow Combustion (gas) turbines are key components of advanced systems designed for new electric power plants in the United States. With gas turbines, power plants will supply clean, increasingly fuel-efficient, and relatively low-cost energy. Typically, a natural gas-fired combustion turbine-generator operating in a "simple cycle" converts between 25 and 35 percent of the natural gas heating value to useable electricity. Today, most new smaller power plants also install a recuperator to capture waste heat from the turbine's exhaust to preheat combustion air and boost efficiencies. In most of the new larger plants, a "heat recovery steam generator" is installed to recover waste

260

Timken Producing Parts for Wind Turbines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Timken Producing Parts for Wind Turbines Timken Producing Parts for Wind Turbines Timken Producing Parts for Wind Turbines June 28, 2010 - 3:38pm Addthis Some of Timken’s bearings are so large that a small car could conceivably drive through the center. | Photo courtesy of The Timken Company Some of Timken's bearings are so large that a small car could conceivably drive through the center. | Photo courtesy of The Timken Company Lindsay Gsell The Timken Company - which will be 111-years-old this year - has a long tradition of investing in new technologies. After assessing their business in recent years, the Ohio-based, global manufacturer saw a market opportunity and decided to invest in a new manufacturing capability: producing the massive bearings for large wind turbines. "Timken has the tenacity to continue to invest into the trough of the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

NETL: News Release - DOE-Fossil Energy: World's Most Advanced Gas Turbine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

February 18, 2000 February 18, 2000 DOE-Fossil Energy: World's Most Advanced Gas Turbine Now Ready to Cross Commercial Threshold Secretary Richardson Cites Success of Government-Industry Partnership For natural gas turbines - the technology likely to dominate the growing market for new electric power generation - the future was unveiled today in Greenville, South Carolina. GE's MS7001H Advanced Gas Turbine The 4000-ton Model MS7001H advanced gas turbine is the size of a locomotive. Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson and U.S. Senator Ernest Hollings joined General Electric today in announcing that the company's newest H System™ gas turbine, the most advanced combustion turbine in the world, is ready to cross the commercial threshold. "Today, we are seeing the most advanced combustion turbine anywhere,

262

How to Build a Small Wind Energy Business: Lessons from California; Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper highlights the experience of one small wind turbine installer in California that installed more than 1 MW of small wind capacity in 6 years.

Sinclair, K.

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Promoting technological capabilities of small and medium-sized enterprises through industry-university cooperation: case study of Taiwan machine tool industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play an important role in Taiwan economy. However, the size of these enterprises limits their research resources and research personnel. According to the 1998 Republic of China's indicators of science and technology, a total of 66.7% of the PhD level researchers in Taiwan are found in academia. Out of the many methods that can be used to release the capabilities accumulated within the academic field in order to help and lead Taiwan's industries to perform R&D, especially that within the SMEs, the industry-university cooperation programme was found to be particularly effective. Twenty-six of the 67 industry-university cooperation projects (IUCPjs) funded by the National Science Council have been completed to date. These IUCPjs can be classified into two types. The first type is vertical cooperation which uses academic theories to execute new R&D work and is suitable for product innovation such as that found in the high-tech industries. The second type is horizontal cooperation which is more suitable for mature industries adopted to perform process innovation, improvement, and system integration. This study shows that the second type of IUCPjs possesses the following characteristics. Firstly, they produce more R&D results including transferring the research results to industry and promoting product competitiveness. Secondly, they make SMEs gradually realise the importance of product quality and R&D effort. Thirdly, they tend to look for another opportunity to participate in a new IUCPj within three years of the completion of their first IUCPj. Cases of IUCPjs for Machining Centre and Wire-cut Electrical Discharge Machine Industries are studied. They demonstrate that two different approaches were adopted for promoting R&D activities: (1) IUCPjs for machining centres emphasise their efforts in establishing key components and core competence for individual enterprises; and (2) an IUCPj for wire-cut electrical discharge machine industry is successful by promoting the competitiveness of the whole industry by naturally forming strategic alliances and by diversifying their core technologies.

Wen-Shiow Hsu; Pao-Long Chang

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Hydraulic Turbines: Types and Operational Aspects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The turbine is considered to be the heart of ... , the proper selection and operation of the turbine is very important.

Prof. Dr.-Ing Hermann-Josef Wagner…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Efficient steam turbines produced by the “Ural Turbine Plant” company  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Design features and efficiency of some steam turbines produced at present by a plant formed as a result of division of the “Turbine Motor Plant” Company into several enterprises are...

G. D. Barinberg; A. E. Valamin

266

Bottom steam turbines of the Ural Turbine Works  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Basic design features, thermal schemes, and economic indicators of some bottom turbines that have been developed, as well as ... that have partially been manufactured at the Ural Turbine Works, are presented.

G. D. Barinberg; A. E. Valamin; Yu. A. Sakhnin

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Atmospheric and Wake Turbulence Impacts on Wind Turbine Fatigue Loading: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Large-eddy simulations of atmospheric boundary layers under various stability and surface roughness conditions are performed to investigate the turbulence impact on wind turbines. In particular, the aeroelastic responses of the turbines are studied to characterize the fatigue loading of the turbulence present in the boundary layer and in the wake of the turbines. Two utility-scale 5 MW turbines that are separated by seven rotor diameters are placed in a 3 km by 3 km by 1 km domain. They are subjected to atmospheric turbulent boundary layer flow and data is collected on the structural response of the turbine components. The surface roughness was found to increase the fatigue loads while the atmospheric instability had a small influence. Furthermore, the downstream turbines yielded higher fatigue loads indicating that the turbulent wakes generated from the upstream turbines have significant impact.

Lee, S.; Churchfield, M.; Moriarty, P.; Jonkman, J.; Michalakes, J.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Energy Department Invests $17 Million in Small Businesses to...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Energy Department Accepting Small Business Grant Applications for Large Wind Turbines Wind Program Home About the Program Research & Development WINDExchange Financial...

269

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade Title Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Unknown Year of Publication 2011 Authors Bolinger, Mark, and Ryan H. Wiser Pagination 46 Date Published 10/2011 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract Berkeley Lab has gathered price data on 81 U.S. wind turbine transactions totaling 23,850 MW announced from 1997 through early 2011. Figure ES-1 depicts these reported wind turbine transaction prices (along with the associated trend line), broken out by the size of the transaction (in MW). Figure ES-1 also presents average (global) turbine prices reported by Vestas for the years 2005 through 2010, as well as a range of reported pricing (among various turbine manufacturers) for transactions signed in 2010 and so far in 2011 (with 2011 prices generally lower than 2010 prices). After hitting a low of roughly $750/kW from 2000 to 2002, average wind turbine prices doubled through 2008, rising to an average of roughly $1,500/kW. Wind turbine prices have since declined substantially, with price quotes for transactions executed in 2010 and to date in 2011 ranging from $900-$1,400/kW depending on the manufacturer and turbine model. For example, turbines designed for lower wind speed sites - deploying higher hub heights and larger rotor diameters for a given nameplate capacity - are priced at the higher end of this range. These quotes suggest price declines of as much as 33% or more since late 2008, with an average decline closer to perhaps 20% for orders announced in 2010 (as opposed to in 2011, which has seen further price declines). These two substantial and opposing wind turbine price trends over the past decade - and particularly the doubling in prices in the 2002-2008 period - run counter to the smooth, gradually declining technology cost trajectories that are often assumed by energy analysts modeling the diffusion of new technologies, including wind power. Understanding and explaining this notable discrepancy between theory and historical reality is the primary motivation for this work. Taking a bottom-up approach, this report examines seven primary drivers of wind turbine prices in the United States, with the goal of estimating the degree to which each contributed to the doubling in turbine prices from 2002 through 2008, as well as the subsequent decline in prices through 2010 (our analysis does not extend into 2011 because several of these drivers are best gauged on a full-year basis due to seasonality issues).

270

Combined gas turbine-Rankine turbine power plant  

SciTech Connect

A combined gas turbine-Rankine cycle powerplant with improved part load efficiency is disclosed. The powerplant has a gas turbine with an organic fluid Rankine bottoming cycle which features an inter-cycle regenerator acting between the superheated vapor leaving the Rankine turbine and the compressor inlet air. The regenerator is used selectively as engine power level is reduced below maximum rated power.

Earnest, E.R.

1981-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

271

Turbine tip clearance loss mechanisms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three-dimensional numerical simulations (RANS and URANS) were used to assess the impact of two specific design features, and of aspects of the actual turbine environment, on turbine blade tip loss. The calculations were ...

Mazur, Steven (Steven Andrew)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Ceramics for ATS industrial turbines  

SciTech Connect

US DOE and most US manufacturers of stationary gas turbines are participating in a major national effort to develop advanced turbine systems (ATS). The ATS program will achieve ultrahigh efficiencies, environmental superiority, and cost competitiveness compared with current combustion turbine systems. A major factor in the improved efficiencies of simple cycle ATS gas turbines will be higher operating efficiencies than curren engines. These temperatures strain the limits of metallic alloy and flow-path cooling technologies. Ceramics materials offer a potential alterative to cooled turbine alloys for ATS turbines due to higher melting points than metallics. This paper evaluates ceramics technology and plant economic issues for ATS industrial turbine systems. A program with the objective of demonstrating first-stage ceramic vanes in a commerical industrial turbine is also described.

Wenglarz, R.; Ali, S. [Allison Engine Co., Indianapolis, IN (United States); Layne, A. [USDOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center, WV (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Gas Turbine Manufacturers Perspective  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Viability and Experience of IGCC From a Viability and Experience of IGCC From a Gas Turbine Manufacturers Perspective ASME - IGCC ASME - IGCC Turbo Turbo Expo Expo June 2001 June 2001 GE Power Systems g Klaus Brun, Ph.D. - Manager Process Power Plant Product & Market Development Robert M. Jones - Project Development Manager Process Power Plants Power Systems Power Systems General Electric Company General Electric Company ABSTRACT GE Power Systems g Economic Viability and Experience of IGCC From a Gas Turbine Manufacturers Perspective High natural gas fuel gas prices combined with new technology developments have made IGCC a competitive option when compared to conventional combined cycle or coal steam turbine cycles. Although the initial investment costs for an IGCC plant are still comparatively high, the low

274

NETL: Turbines - UTSR Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

65 Hafnia-based Nanostructured Thermal Barrier Coatings for Advanced Hydrogen Turbine Technology University of Texas -- El Paso 65 Hafnia-based Nanostructured Thermal Barrier Coatings for Advanced Hydrogen Turbine Technology University of Texas -- El Paso Chintalapalle Ramana Project Dates: 9/30/2009 - 9/30/2011 Area of Research: Materials Federal Project Manager: Briggs White Project Objective: This project is focused on developing novel coatings for high-H2 fired gas turbine components such that high efficiencies and long lifetimes may be acheived in Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) powerplants. Nanostructured Hafnia-based coatings will be develped for thermal barrier coatings (TBCs). A fundamental understanding of TBCs will be aquired and a knowledge database of next generation TBC materials with high-temperature tolerance, durability, and reliability will be generated.

275

Turbine nozzle attachment system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nozzle guide vane assembly having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is positioned in a gas turbine engine and is attached to conventional metallic components. The nozzle guide vane assembly includes a pair of legs extending radially outwardly from an outer shroud and a pair of mounting legs extending radially inwardly from an inner shroud. Each of the pair of legs and mounting legs have a pair of holes therein. A plurality of members attached to the gas turbine engine have a plurality of bores therein which axially align with corresponding ones of the pair of holes in the legs. A plurality of pins are positioned within the corresponding holes and bores radially positioning the nozzle guide vane assembly about a central axis of the gas turbine engine. 3 figs.

Norton, P.F.; Shaffer, J.E.

1995-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

276

Gas turbine noise control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of gas turbine powered generators and pumping stations are likely to increase over the next two decades. Alternative fuel systems utilizing fluidized coal beds are likely in the near future and direct combustion of pulverized coal is also a possibility. The primary problem of generally unacceptable noise levels from gas turbine powered equipment affects both community noise and hearing conservation alike. The noise criteria of such plant remain a significant design factor. The paper looks at the technical and historical aspects associated with the noise generation process and examines past present and possible future approaches to the problem of silencing gas turbine units; adequately specifying the acoustical criteria and ratings; evaluates the techniques by which these criteria should be measured; and correlates these with the typical results achieved in the field.

Louis A. Challis and Associates Pty. Ltd.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Model Predictive Control Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model Predictive Control of Wind Turbines Martin Klauco Kongens Lyngby 2012 IMM-MSc-2012-65 #12;Summary Wind turbines are the biggest part of the green energy industry. Increasing interest control strategies. Control strategy has a significant impact on the wind turbine operation on many levels

278

Turbine-generator replacement study  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes an engineering study for the replacement of a nominal 70 Mw turbine-generator in a multi-unit utility cogeneration station. The existing plant is briefly described, alternatives considered are discussed, and the conclusions reached are presented. Key topics are the turbine steam cycle evaluation and the turbine pedestal analysis.

Miller, E.F.; Stuhrke, S.P., Shah, A.A. (Burns and Roe Enterprises, Inc., Oradell, NJ (USA))

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Effects of hydroelectric turbine passage on fish early life stages  

SciTech Connect

Turbine-passage mortality has been studied extensively for juveniles and adults of migratory fish species, but few studies have directly quantified mortality of fish eggs and larvae. An analysis of literature relating to component stresses of turbine passage (i.e., pressure changes, blade contact, and shear) indicates that mortality of early life stages of fish would be relatively low at low-head, bulb turbine installations. The shear forces and pressure regimes normally experienced are insufficient to cause high mortality rates. The probability of contact with turbine blades is related to the size of the fish; less than 5% of entrained ichthyoplankton would be killed by the blades in a bulb turbine. Other sources of mortality (e.g., cavitation and entrainment of fish acclimated to deep water) are controlled by operation of the facility and thus are mitigable. Because turbine-passage mortality among fish early life stages can be very difficult to estimate directly, it may be more fruitful to base the need for mitigation at any given site on detailed knowledge of turbine characteristics and the susceptibility of the fish community to entrainment. 7 refs., 1 fig.

Cada, G.F.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Ceramic gas turbine shroud  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An example gas turbine engine shroud includes a first annular ceramic wall having an inner side for resisting high temperature turbine engine gasses and an outer side with a plurality of radial slots. A second annular metallic wall is positioned radially outwardly of and enclosing the first annular ceramic wall and has a plurality of tabs in communication with the slot of the first annular ceramic wall. The tabs of the second annular metallic wall and slots of the first annular ceramic wall are in communication such that the first annular ceramic wall and second annular metallic wall are affixed.

Shi, Jun; Green, Kevin E.

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Vertical axis wind turbines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A vertical axis wind turbine is described. The wind turbine can include a top ring, a middle ring and a lower ring, wherein a plurality of vertical airfoils are disposed between the rings. For example, three vertical airfoils can be attached between the upper ring and the middle ring. In addition, three more vertical airfoils can be attached between the lower ring and the middle ring. When wind contacts the vertically arranged airfoils the rings begin to spin. By connecting the rings to a center pole which spins an alternator, electricity can be generated from wind.

Krivcov, Vladimir (Miass, RU); Krivospitski, Vladimir (Miass, RU); Maksimov, Vasili (Miass, RU); Halstead, Richard (Rohnert Park, CA); Grahov, Jurij (Miass, RU)

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

282

Refurbishing steam turbines  

SciTech Connect

Power-plant operators are reducing maintenance costs of their aging steam turbines by using wire-arc spray coating and shot peening to prolong the service life of components, and by replacing outmoded bearings and seals with newer designs. Steam-turbine operators are pressed with the challenge of keeping their aging machines functioning in the face of wear problems that are exacerbated by the demand for higher efficiencies. These problems include intense thermal cycling during both start-up and shutdown, water particles in steam and solid particles in the air that pit smooth surfaces, and load changes that cause metal fatigue.

Valenti, M.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Multiple piece turbine airfoil  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A turbine airfoil, such as a rotor blade or a stator vane, for a gas turbine engine, the airfoil formed as a shell and spar construction with a plurality of dog bone struts each mounted within openings formed within the shell and spar to allow for relative motion between the spar and shell in the airfoil chordwise direction while also forming a seal between adjacent cooling channels. The struts provide the seal as well as prevent bulging of the shell from the spar due to the cooling air pressure.

Kimmel, Keith D (Jupiter, FL); Wilson, Jr., Jack W. (Palm Beach Gardens, FL)

2010-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

284

Velocity pump reaction turbine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An expanding hydraulic/two-phase velocity pump reaction turbine including a dual concentric rotor configuration with an inter-rotor annular flow channel in which the inner rotor is mechanically driven by the outer rotor. In another embodiment, the inner rotor is immobilized and provided with gas recovery ports on its outer surface by means of which gas in solution may be recovered. This velocity pump reaction turbine configuration is capable of potential energy conversion efficiencies of up to 70%, and is particularly suited for geothermal applications.

House, Palmer A. (Walnut Creek, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Velocity pump reaction turbine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An expanding hydraulic/two-phase velocity pump reaction turbine including a dual concentric rotor configuration with an inter-rotor annular flow channel in which the inner rotor is mechanically driven by the outer rotor. In another embodiment, the inner rotor is immobilized and provided with gas recovery ports on its outer surface by means of which gas in solution may be recovered. This velocity pump reaction turbine configuration is capable of potential energy conversion efficiencies of up to 70%, and is particularly suited for geothermal applications.

House, Palmer A. (Walnut Creek, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Pilot Scale Tests Alden/Concepts NREC Turbine  

SciTech Connect

Alden Research Laboratory, Inc. has completed pilot scale testing of the new Alden/Concepts NREC turbine that was designed to minimize fish injury at hydropower projects. The test program was part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Hydropower Turbine Systems Program. The prototype turbine operating point was 1,000 cfs at 80ft head and 100 rpm. The turbine was design to: (1) limit peripheral runner speed; (2) have a high minimum pressure; (3) limit pressure change rates; (4) limit the maximum flow shear; (5) minimize the number and total length of leading blade edges; (6) maximize the distance between the runner inlet and the wicket gates and minimize clearances (i.e., gaps) between other components; and (7) maximize the size of flow passages.

Thomas C. Cook; George E.Hecker; Stephen Amaral; Philip Stacy; Fangbiao Lin; Edward Taft

2003-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

287

Wind Turbine Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Turbine Basics Turbine Basics Wind Turbine Basics July 30, 2013 - 2:58pm Addthis Energy 101: Wind Turbines Basics This video explains the basics of how wind turbines operate to produce clean power from an abundant, renewable resource-the wind. Text Version Wind turbine assembly Although all wind turbines operate on similar principles, several varieties are in use today. These include horizontal axis turbines and vertical axis turbines. Horizontal Axis Turbines Horizontal axis turbines are the most common turbine configuration used today. They consist of a tall tower, atop which sits a fan-like rotor that faces into or away from the wind, a generator, a controller, and other components. Most horizontal axis turbines built today are two- or three-bladed. Horizontal axis turbines sit high atop towers to take advantage of the

288

Wind Turbine Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wind Turbine Basics Wind Turbine Basics Wind Turbine Basics July 30, 2013 - 2:58pm Addthis Energy 101: Wind Turbines Basics This video explains the basics of how wind turbines operate to produce clean power from an abundant, renewable resource-the wind. Text Version Wind turbine assembly Although all wind turbines operate on similar principles, several varieties are in use today. These include horizontal axis turbines and vertical axis turbines. Horizontal Axis Turbines Horizontal axis turbines are the most common turbine configuration used today. They consist of a tall tower, atop which sits a fan-like rotor that faces into or away from the wind, a generator, a controller, and other components. Most horizontal axis turbines built today are two- or three-bladed. Horizontal axis turbines sit high atop towers to take advantage of the

289

The Application of Traits-Based Assessment Approaches to Estimate the Effects of Hydroelectric Turbine Passage on Fish Populations  

SciTech Connect

One of the most important environmental issues facing the hydropower industry is the adverse impact of hydroelectric projects on downstream fish passage. Fish that migrate long distances as part of their life cycle include not only important diadromous species (such as salmon, shads, and eels) but also strictly freshwater species. The hydropower reservoirs that downstream-moving fish encounter differ greatly from free-flowing rivers. Many of the environmental changes that occur in a reservoir (altered water temperature and transparency, decreased flow velocities, increased predation) can reduce survival. Upon reaching the dam, downstream-migrating fish may suffer increased mortality as they pass through the turbines, spillways and other bypasses, or turbulent tailraces. Downstream from the dam, insufficient environmental flow releases may slow downstream fish passage rates or decrease survival. There is a need to refine our understanding of the relative importance of causative factors that contribute to turbine passage mortality (e.g., strike, pressure changes, turbulence) so that turbine design efforts can focus on mitigating the most damaging components. Further, present knowledge of the effectiveness of turbine improvements is based on studies of only a few species (mainly salmon and American shad). These data may not be representative of turbine passage effects for the hundreds of other fish species that are susceptible to downstream passage at hydroelectric projects. For example, there are over 900 species of fish in the United States. In Brazil there are an estimated 3,000 freshwater fish species, of which 30% are believed to be migratory (Viana et al. 2011). Worldwide, there are some 14,000 freshwater fish species (Magurran 2009), of which significant numbers are susceptible to hydropower impacts. By comparison, in a compilation of fish entrainment and turbine survival studies from over 100 hydroelectric projects in the United States, Winchell et al. (2000) found useful turbine passage survival data for only 30 species. Tests of advanced hydropower turbines have been limited to seven species - Chinook and coho salmon, rainbow trout, alewife, eel, smallmouth bass, and white sturgeon. We are investigating possible approaches for extending experimental results from the few tested fish species to predict turbine passage survival of other, untested species (Cada and Richmond 2011). In this report, we define the causes of injury and mortality to fish tested in laboratory and field studies, based on fish body shape and size, internal and external morphology, and physiology. We have begun to group the large numbers of unstudied species into a small number of categories, e.g., based on phylogenetic relationships or ecological similarities (guilds), so that subsequent studies of a few representative species (potentially including species-specific Biological Index Testing) would yield useful information about the overall fish community. This initial effort focused on modifying approaches that are used in the environmental toxicology field to estimate the toxicity of substances to untested species. Such techniques as the development of species sensitivity distributions (SSDs) and Interspecies Correlation Estimation (ICE) models rely on a considerable amount of data to establish the species-toxicity relationships that can be extended to other organisms. There are far fewer studies of turbine passage stresses from which to derive the turbine passage equivalent of LC{sub 50} values. Whereas the SSD and ICE approaches are useful analogues to predicting turbine passage injury and mortality, too few data are available to support their application without some form of modification or simplification. In this report we explore the potential application of a newer, related technique, the Traits-Based Assessment (TBA), to the prediction of downstream passage mortality at hydropower projects.

Cada, Glenn F [ORNL; Schweizer, Peter E [ORNL

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Learning curves and changing product attributes: the case of wind turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Significant changes of attributes of a technology must be corrected when assessing the impact of learning-by-doing. We use an engineering-based model to capture the cost changes of wind turbines that can be attributed to changes in turbine size. We estimate...

Coulomb, Louis; Neuhoff, Karsten

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

291

DAMAGE DETECTION IN A WIND TURBINE BLADE BASED ON TIME SERIES Simon Hoell, Piotr Omenzetter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DAMAGE DETECTION IN A WIND TURBINE BLADE BASED ON TIME SERIES METHODS Simon Hoell, Piotr Omenzetter, the consequences are growing sizes of wind turbines (WTs) and erections in remote places, such as off in the past years, thus efficient energy harvesting becomes more important. For the sector of wind energy

Boyer, Edmond

292

City of Medford Wind Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Medford Wind Turbine Medford Wind Turbine Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Medford Wind Turbine Facility City of Medford Wind Turbine Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner City of Medford Developer Sustainable Energy Developments Energy Purchaser City of Medford Location Medford MA Coordinates 42.415768°, -71.107337° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.415768,"lon":-71.107337,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

293

Three D Metals Wind Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Three D Metals Wind Turbine Three D Metals Wind Turbine Jump to: navigation, search Name Three D Metals Wind Turbine Facility Three D Metals Wind Turbine Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Three D Metals Energy Purchaser Three D Metals Location Valley City OH Coordinates 41.248155°, -81.883079° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.248155,"lon":-81.883079,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

294

NETL: Turbine Projects - Cost Reduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cost Reduction Cost Reduction Turbine Projects Cost Reduction Single Crystal Turbine Blades Enhancing Gas Turbine Efficiency Data/Fact Sheets Enabling and Information Technologies to Increase RAM of Advanced Powerplants Data/Fact Sheets Development of NDE Technology for Environmental Barrier Coating and Residual Life Estimation Data/Fact Sheets Welding and Weld Repair of Single Crystal Gas Turbine Alloy Data/Fact Sheets Combustion Turbine Hot Section Coating Life Management Data/Fact Sheets On-Line Thermal Barrier Coating Monitor for Real-Time Failure Protection and Life Maximization Data/Fact Sheets On-Line Thermal Barrier Coating [PDF] Advanced Monitoring to Improve Combustion Turbine/Combined Cycle RAM Data/Fact Sheets Advanced Monitoring to Improve Combustion Turbine [PDF]

295

8 - Radial-Inflow Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary The inward-flow radial turbine covers tremendous ranges of power, rates of mass flow, and rotational speeds from very large Francis turbines used in hydroelectric power generation and developing hundreds of megawatts down to tiny closed cycle gas turbines for space power generation of a few kilowatts. The widespread adoption of variable geometry turbines for diesel engine turbochargers has been the major factor in increasing the commercial use of this technology. Variable area is commonly, but not exclusively, achieved by pivoting the nozzle vanes about an axis disposed in the span-wise direction. The most common radial-inflow turbine applications are turbochargers for internal combustion engines, natural gas, diesel, and gasoline powered units. The advantage of a turbocharger is that it compresses the air, thus letting the engine squeeze more air into a cylinder, and more air means that more fuel can be added. Applications of turbo expanders in the chemical industry abound in the petrochemical and chemical industries. Turbo expanders using radial-inflow turbines have a much higher ruggedness than turbo expanders using axial-flow turbines. The radial-inflow turbine for gas turbine application is basically a centrifugal compressor with reversed flow and opposite rotation. The performance of the radial-inflow turbine is being investigated with increased interest by the transportation and chemical industries. In the petrochemical industry, it is used in expander designs, gas liquefaction expanders and other cryogenic systems. The radial-inflow turbine’s greatest advantage is that the work produced by a single stage is equivalent to that of two or more stages in an axial turbine. Its cost is also much lower than that of a single- or multi-stage axial-flow turbine. The configurations and designs of the two types of radial-inflow turbine (cantilever and mixed-flow) are described. The thermodynamic and aerodynamic principles governing a radial-inflow turbine are summarized. The design and performance of a radial-inflow turbine are discussed. The potential problems (erosion; exducer blade vibration; noise) and types of losses in a radial-inflow turbine are described. Applications of radial-inflow turbines (e.g. turbochargers) are discussed.

Meherwan P. Boyce

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

SMART POWER TURBINE  

SciTech Connect

Gas turbines are the choice technology for high-performance power generation and are employed in both simple and combined cycle configurations around the world. The Smart Power Turbine (SPT) program has developed new technologies that are needed to further extend the performance and economic attractiveness of gas turbines for power generation. Today's power generation gas turbines control firing temperatures indirectly, by measuring the exhaust gas temperature and then mathematically calculating the peak combustor temperatures. But temperatures in the turbine hot gas path vary a great deal, making it difficult to control firing temperatures precisely enough to achieve optimal performance. Similarly, there is no current way to assess deterioration of turbine hot-gas-path components without shutting down the turbine. Consequently, maintenance and component replacements are often scheduled according to conservative design practices based on historical fleet-averaged data. Since fuel heating values vary with the prevalent natural gas fuel, the inability to measure heating value directly, with sufficient accuracy and timeliness, can lead to maintenance and operational decisions that are less than optimal. GE Global Research Center, under this Smart Power Turbine program, has developed a suite of novel sensors that would measure combustor flame temperature, online fuel lower heating value (LHV), and hot-gas-path component life directly. The feasibility of using the ratio of the integrated intensities of portions of the OH emission band to determine the specific average temperature of a premixed methane or natural-gas-fueled combustion flame was demonstrated. The temperature determined is the temperature of the plasma included in the field of view of the sensor. Two sensor types were investigated: the first used a low-resolution fiber optic spectrometer; the second was a SiC dual photodiode chip. Both methods worked. Sensitivity to flame temperature changes was remarkably high, that is a 1-2.5% change in ratio for an 11.1 C (20 F) change in temperature at flame temperatures between 1482.2 C (2700 F) and 1760 C (3200 F). Sensor ratio calibration was performed using flame temperatures determined by calculations using the amount of unburned oxygen in the exhaust and by the fuel/air ratio of the combustible gas mixture. The agreement between the results of these two methods was excellent. The sensor methods characterized are simple and viable. Experiments are underway to validate the GE Flame Temperature Sensor as a practical tool for use with multiburner gas turbine combustors. The lower heating value (LHV) Fuel Quality Sensor consists of a catalytic film deposited on the surface of a microhotplate. This micromachined design has low heat capacity and thermal conductivity, making it ideal for heating catalysts placed on its surface. Several methods of catalyst deposition were investigated, including micropen deposition and other proprietary methods, which permit precise and repeatable placement of the materials. The use of catalysts on the LHV sensor expands the limits of flammability (LoF) of combustion fuels as compared with conventional flames; an unoptimized LoF of 1-32% for natural gas (NG) in air was demonstrated with the microcombustor, whereas conventionally 4 to 16% is observed. The primary goal of this work was to measure the LHV of NG fuels. The secondary goal was to determine the relative quantities of the various components of NG mixes. This determination was made successfully by using an array of different catalysts operating at different temperatures. The combustion parameters for methane were shown to be dependent on whether Pt or Pd catalysts were used. In this project, significant effort was expended on making the LHV platform more robust by the addition of high-temperature stable materials, such as tantalum, and the use of passivation overcoats to protect the resistive heater/sensor materials from degradation in the combustion environment. Modeling and simulation were used to predict improved sensor designs.

Nirm V. Nirmalan

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Turbine blade tip gap reduction system  

SciTech Connect

A turbine blade sealing system for reducing a gap between a tip of a turbine blade and a stationary shroud of a turbine engine. The sealing system includes a plurality of flexible seal strips extending from a pressure side of a turbine blade generally orthogonal to the turbine blade. During operation of the turbine engine, the flexible seal strips flex radially outward extending towards the stationary shroud of the turbine engine, thereby reducing the leakage of air past the turbine blades and increasing the efficiency of the turbine engine.

Diakunchak, Ihor S.

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

298

Medium-solidity Vertical Axis Wind Turbines for use in Urban Environments S. Tullis, A. Fiedler, K. McLaren, S. Ziada  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Medium-solidity Vertical Axis Wind Turbines for use in Urban Environments S. Tullis, A. Fiedler, K Vertical axis wind turbines are currently experiencing a renewed interest in small- scale applications: vertical axis wind turbines, vibration, blade aerodynamics #12;Introduction In community wind power

Tullis, Stephen

299

Impact of heat transfer on the performance of micro gas turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The miniaturisation of gas turbine engines poses significant challenges to the performance in heat management due to the close proximity of the hot and cold components. This paper examines the scale and significance of heat transfer within micro gas turbines and aims to quantify the corresponding impacts on performance and efficiency. To study these effects, a reduced order lumped capacitance heat transfer network is developed. Two different micro turbine configurations are investigated and the effect of micro turbine size and material selection is explored. The investigation shows that the choice of configuration and materials influences the impact of heat transfer on the micro turbine performance and heat management is therefore key to achieving the full potential of micro turbines.

Dries Verstraete; Carlos Bowkett

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Design of Small-Sized Libraries by Combinatorial Assembly of Linkers and Functional Groups to a Given Scaffold: Application to the Structure-Based Optimization of a Phosphodiesterase 4 Inhibitor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The herein reported “Scaffold-Linker-Functional Group” (SLF) approach has the aim to maximize diversity while minimizing the size of a scaffold-focused library with the aid of simple molecular variations in order to identify critical pharmacophoric elements. ... As an application of the SLF approach, a small-sized combinatorial library (320 compounds) was derived from the scaffold of the known phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor zardaverine. ... A key advantage of the SLF approach is that diversity is encoded in a simple pharmacophoric space. ...

Mireille Krier; João X. de Araújo-Júnior; Martine Schmitt; Jérôme Duranton; Hélène Justiano-Basaran; Claire Lugnier; Jean-Jacques Bourguignon; Didier Rognan

2005-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

NREL: Wind Research - Entegrity Wind Systems's EW50 Turbine Testing and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Entegrity Wind Systems's EW50 Turbine Testing and Results Entegrity Wind Systems's EW50 Turbine Testing and Results Entegrity Wind Systems' EW50 wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL tested Entegrity Wind Systems' EW50 turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The EW50 is a 50-kilowatt (kW), three-bladed, horizontal-axis downwind small wind turbine. The turbine's rotor diameter is 15 meters, and its hub height is 30.5 meters. It has a three-phase induction generator that operates at 480 volts AC. Testing Summary The summary of the tests is listed below, along with the final reports. Cumulative Energy Production 3/11/2009: 17; 3/12/2009: 17; 3/13/2009: 17; 3/14/2009: 17; 3/15/2009: 17;

302

NREL: Wind Research - Gaia-Wind's 11 Kilowatt Wind Turbine Testing and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gaia-Wind's 11 Kilowatt Wind Turbine Testing and Results Gaia-Wind's 11 Kilowatt Wind Turbine Testing and Results A video of Gaia-Wind's 11-kW wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL tested Gaia-Wind's 11-kilowatt (kW) small wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). Gaia-Wind's turbine is a three-phase induction generator that operates at 480 volts. The turbine's downwind rotor has a 13-meter diameter, and its tower is 18 meters tall. The two-bladed, oversized rotor is designed for low to moderate wind speeds. Testing Summary The summary of the tests is below with the final reports. Cumulative Energy Production 6/11/2008: 210; 6/13/2008: 528; 6/16/2008: 716; 6/18/2008: 731; 6/19/2008:

303

Sandia National Laboratories: turbine-to-turbine interaction...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Doppler Velocimeter EC Top Publications A Comparison of Platform Options for Deep-water Floating Offshore Vertical Axis Wind Turbines: An Initial Study Nonlinear Time-Domain...

304

Turbine seal assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A seal assembly that limits gas leakage from a hot gas path to one or more disc cavities in a turbine engine. The seal assembly includes a seal apparatus that limits gas leakage from the hot gas path to a respective one of the disc cavities. The seal apparatus comprises a plurality of blade members rotatable with a blade structure. The blade members are associated with the blade structure and extend toward adjacent stationary components. Each blade member includes a leading edge and a trailing edge, the leading edge of each blade member being located circumferentially in front of the blade member's corresponding trailing edge in a direction of rotation of the turbine rotor. The blade members are arranged such that a space having a component in a circumferential direction is defined between adjacent circumferentially spaced blade members.

Little, David A.

2013-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

305

Airborne Wind Turbine  

SciTech Connect

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: Makani Power is developing an Airborne Wind Turbine (AWT) that eliminates 90% of the mass of a conventional wind turbine and accesses a stronger, more consistent wind at altitudes of near 1,000 feet. At these altitudes, 85% of the country can offer viable wind resources compared to only 15% accessible with current technology. Additionally, the Makani Power wing can be economically deployed in deep offshore waters, opening up a resource which is 4 times greater than the entire U.S. electrical generation capacity. Makani Power has demonstrated the core technology, including autonomous launch, land, and power generation with an 8 meter wingspan, 20 kW prototype. At commercial scale, Makani Power aims to develop a 600 kW, 28 meter wingspan product capable of delivering energy at an unsubsidized cost competitive with coal, the current benchmark for low-cost power.

None

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Advanced Hydrogen Turbine Development  

SciTech Connect

Siemens has developed a roadmap to achieve the DOE goals for efficiency, cost reduction, and emissions through innovative approaches and novel technologies which build upon worldwide IGCC operational experience, platform technology, and extensive experience in G-class operating conditions. In Phase 1, the technologies and concepts necessary to achieve the program goals were identified for the gas turbine components and supporting technology areas and testing plans were developed to mitigate identified risks. Multiple studies were conducted to evaluate the impact in plant performance of different gas turbine and plant technologies. 2015 gas turbine technologies showed a significant improvement in IGCC plant efficiency, however, a severe performance penalty was calculated for high carbon capture cases. Thermodynamic calculations showed that the DOE 2010 and 2015 efficiency targets can be met with a two step approach. A risk management process was instituted in Phase 1 to identify risk and develop mitigation plans. For the risks identified, testing and development programs are in place and the risks will be revisited periodically to determine if changes to the plan are necessary. A compressor performance prediction has shown that the design of the compressor for the engine can be achieved with additional stages added to the rear of the compressor. Tip clearance effects were studied as well as a range of flow and pressure ratios to evaluate the impacts to both performance and stability. Considerable data was obtained on the four candidate combustion systems: diffusion, catalytic, premix, and distributed combustion. Based on the results of Phase 1, the premixed combustion system and the distributed combustion system were chosen as having the most potential and will be the focus of Phase 2 of the program. Significant progress was also made in obtaining combustion kinetics data for high hydrogen fuels. The Phase 1 turbine studies indicate initial feasibility of the advanced hydrogen turbine that meets the aggressive targets set forth for the advanced hydrogen turbine, including increased rotor inlet temperature (RIT), lower total cooling and leakage air (TCLA) flow, higher pressure ratio, and higher mass flow through the turbine compared to the baseline. Maintaining efficiency with high mass flow Syngas combustion is achieved using a large high AN2 blade 4, which has been identified as a significant advancement beyond the current state-of-the-art. Preliminary results showed feasibility of a rotor system capable of increased power output and operating conditions above the baseline. In addition, several concepts were developed for casing components to address higher operating conditions. Rare earth modified bond coat for the purpose of reducing oxidation and TBC spallation demonstrated an increase in TBC spallation life of almost 40%. The results from Phase 1 identified two TBC compositions which satisfy the thermal conductivity requirements and have demonstrated phase stability up to temperatures of 1850 C. The potential to join alloys using a bonding process has been demonstrated and initial HVOF spray deposition trials were promising. The qualitative ranking of alloys and coatings in environmental conditions was also performed using isothermal tests where significant variations in alloy degradation were observed as a function of gas composition. Initial basic system configuration schematics and working system descriptions have been produced to define key boundary data and support estimation of costs. Review of existing materials in use for hydrogen transportation show benefits or tradeoffs for materials that could be used in this type of applications. Hydrogen safety will become a larger risk than when using natural gas fuel as the work done to date in other areas has shown direct implications for this type of use. Studies were conducted which showed reduced CO{sub 2} and NOx emissions with increased plant efficiency. An approach to maximize plant output is needed in order to address the DOE turbine goal for 20-30% reduction o

Joesph Fadok

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Gas turbine cooling system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas turbine engine (10) having a closed-loop cooling circuit (39) for transferring heat from the hot turbine section (16) to the compressed air (24) produced by the compressor section (12). The closed-loop cooling system (39) includes a heat exchanger (40) disposed in the flow path of the compressed air (24) between the outlet of the compressor section (12) and the inlet of the combustor (14). A cooling fluid (50) may be driven by a pump (52) located outside of the engine casing (53) or a pump (54) mounted on the rotor shaft (17). The cooling circuit (39) may include an orifice (60) for causing the cooling fluid (50) to change from a liquid state to a gaseous state, thereby increasing the heat transfer capacity of the cooling circuit (39).

Bancalari, Eduardo E. (Orlando, FL)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Multiple piece turbine airfoil  

SciTech Connect

A turbine airfoil, such as a rotor blade or a stator vane, for a gas turbine engine, the airfoil formed as a shell and spar construction with a plurality of hook shaped struts each mounted within channels extending in a spanwise direction of the spar and the shell to allow for relative motion between the spar and shell in the airfoil chordwise direction while also fanning a seal between adjacent cooling channels. The struts provide the seal as well as prevent bulging of the shell from the spar due to the cooling air pressure. The hook struts have a hooked shaped end and a rounded shaped end in order to insert the struts into the spar.

Kimmel, Keith D (Jupiter, FL)

2010-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

309

MHK Technologies/Rotech Tidal Turbine RTT | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rotech Tidal Turbine RTT Rotech Tidal Turbine RTT < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Rotech Tidal Turbine RTT.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Lunar Energy Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Lunar Energy St David s Peninsula Pembrokeshire South Wales UK *MHK Projects/Lunar Energy Wando Hoenggan Waterway South Korea Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5/6: System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description he Rotech Tidal Turbine (RTT) is a bi-directional horizontal axis turbine housed in a symmetrical venturi duct. The Venturi duct draws the existing ocean currents into the RTT in order to capture and convert energy into electricity. Use of a gravity foundation will allow the RTT to be deployed quickly with little or no seabed preparation at depths in excess of 40 meters. This gives the RTT a distinct advantage over most of its competitors and opens up a potential energy resource that is five times the size of that available to companies using pile foundations.

310

Geometric Modularity in the Thermal Modeling of Solar Steam Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract To optimize the start-up schedules of steam turbines operating in concentrating solar power plants, accurate predictions of the temperatures within the turbine are required. In previous work by the authors, thermal models of steam turbines have been developed and validated for parabolic trough solar power plant applications. Building on these results, there is an interest to increase the adaptability of the models with respect to different turbine geometries due to the growing trend of having larger steam turbines in parabolic trough and solar tower power plants. In this work, a modular geometric approach has been developed and compared against both the previous modeling approach and 96 h of measured data from an operational parabolic trough power plant. Results show a large degree of agreement with respect to the measured data in spite of the different detail levels. The new model allows for simple and fast prediction of the thermal behavior of different steam turbine sizes and geometries, which is expected to be of significant importance for future concentrating solar power plants.

M. Topel; J. Spelling; M. Jöcker; B. Laumert

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Smooth Transition Between Controllers for Floating Wind Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel wind turbine control system which gives a smooth power output during transitions between different controllers. The paper presents an implementation of a control system designed for an offshore ?oating wind turbine using a linear Model Predictive Control approach.The performance is investigated in computer simulations, with emphasis on stability in the tower fore–aft motion and behaviour during transition between controllers. The results clearly demonstrate that the wind turbine using the proposed algorithm for smooth transition indeed exhibits a smooth system behaviour. In comparison to a case with sudden transition, the behaviour is found to be signi?cantly improved. Moreover, tower oscillations are found to be stable, by virtue of the controller prediction horizon exceeding the natural periodicity of the tower oscillations.Smooth system behaviour is important to increase the lifetime of critical parts of the turbine. With increasing turbine sizes such considerations are of increasing importance, making the results obtained in this paper of particular relevance for large wind turbines, both onshore and offshore.

Eivind Lindeberg; Harald G Svendsen; Kjetil Uhlen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Airfoils for wind turbine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Airfoils are disclosed for the blade of a wind turbine wherein each airfoil is characterized by a thickness in a range from 16%-24% and a maximum lift coefficient designed to be largely insensitive to roughness effects. The airfoils include a family of airfoils for a blade 15 to 25 meters in length, a family of airfoils for a blade 1 to 5 meters in length, and a family of airfoils for a blade 5 to 10 meters in length. 10 figs.

Tangler, J.L.; Somers, D.M.

1996-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

313

Turbine cooling waxy oil  

SciTech Connect

A process for pipelining a waxy oil to essentially eliminate deposition of wax on the pipeline wall is described comprising: providing a pressurized mixture of the waxy oil and a gas; effecting a sudden pressure drop of the mixture of the oil and the gas through an expansion turbine, thereby expanding the gas and quickly cooling the oil to below its cloud point in the substantial absence of wax deposition and forming a slurry of wax particles and oil; and pipelining the slurry.

Geer, J.S.

1987-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

314

Will 10 MW Wind Turbines Bring Down the Operation and Maintenance Cost of Offshore Wind Farms?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Larger wind turbines are believed to be advantageous from an investment and installation perspective, since costs for installation and inner cabling are dependent mainly on the number of wind turbines and not their size. Analogously, scaling up the turbines may also be argued to be advantageous from an operation and maintenance (O&M) perspective. For a given total power production of the wind farm, larger wind turbines give a smaller number of individual machines that needs to be maintained and could therefore give smaller O&M costs. However, the O&M costs are directly dependent on how failure rates, spare part costs, and time needed by technicians to perform each maintenance task and will develop for larger wind turbines. A simulation study is carried out with a discrete-event simulation model for the operational phase of an offshore wind farm, comparing the O&M costs of a wind farm consisting of 5 MW turbines with a wind farm consisting of 10 MW turbines. Simulation results confirm that O&M costs decrease when replacing two 5 MW turbines by one 10 MW turbine, if the total production capacity and all other parameters are kept equal. However, whether larger wind turbines can contribute to a reduction of cost of energy from an O&M perspective is first and foremost dependent on how the failure rates and maintenance durations for such wind turbines will develop compared to 5 MW wind turbines. Based on the results of this analysis, it is concluded that higher failure rates and maintenance durations rapidly are counterbalancing the benefits of larger wind turbines.

Matthias Hofmann; Iver Bakken Sperstad

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Tornado type wind turbines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tornado type wind turbine has a vertically disposed wind collecting tower with spaced apart inner and outer walls and a central bore. The upper end of the tower is open while the lower end of the structure is in communication with a wind intake chamber. An opening in the wind chamber is positioned over a turbine which is in driving communication with an electrical generator. An opening between the inner and outer walls at the lower end of the tower permits radially flowing air to enter the space between the inner and outer walls while a vertically disposed opening in the wind collecting tower permits tangentially flowing air to enter the central bore. A porous portion of the inner wall permits the radially flowing air to interact with the tangentially flowing air so as to create an intensified vortex flow which exits out of the top opening of the tower so as to create a low pressure core and thus draw air through the opening of the wind intake chamber so as to drive the turbine.

Hsu, Cheng-Ting (Ames, IA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Anticipatory control of turbine generators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Turbine Generators. (Nay 1971) Freddie Laurel Nessec, B. S. E. E, , Texas Tech University; Directed by: Professor J. S . Denison An investigation is made of the use of predicted loads in controlling turbine generators. A perturbation model of a turbine... generator is presented along with typical parameter values. A study is made of the effects of applying control action before a load change occurs. Two predictive control schemes are investi- gated using a load cycle which incorporates both ramp and step...

Messec, Freddie Laurel

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

NREL: Wind Research - Advanced Research Turbines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Turbines Two 440 foot meteorological towers are upwind of two research wind turbines. Two 600-kW Westinghouse turbines at the NWTC are used to test new control schemes...

318

Computational Aerodynamics and Aeroacoustics for Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational Aerodynamics and Aeroacoustics for Wind Turbines #12;#12;Computational Aerodynamics and Aeroacoustics for Wind Turbines Wen Zhong Shen Fluid Mechanics Department of Mechanical Engineering TECHNICAL Shen, Wen Zhong Computational Aerodynamics and Aeroacoustics for Wind Turbines Doctor Thesis Technical

319

Large eddy simulation applications in gas turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...exhaust plume development. The application...modelling in the gas turbine combustor...modelling strategies for the complex...flows in the gas turbine, as surveyed...of typical gas turbine parts necessitates...made in the development and application...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Abstract 857: A preliminary study of the correlation of tumor size and epidemiological characteristics in patients with non-small cell lung cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...status at the last contact date). We used t-test, Kruskal-Wallis test and linear regression to explore the relationship...significant difference (global P=0.061 from Kruskal-Wallis test) by tumor size in the three smoker groups...

Xing Chen; Kelly W. Merriman; Ivan P. Gorlov; Shih-Feng Weng; Millennia Foy; Gwendolyn Keener; Margaret R. Spitz; Marek Kimmel; Olga Y. Gorlova

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Motion of floating wind turbines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Motion of floating wind turbines has been studied. A literature study on different concepts and what tools are available for simulating them is presented.… (more)

Linde, Børge

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

The military aircraft gas turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of the gas turbine for use in military aircraft is discussed. The advancing fields of component technology and engine testing are also outlined

R.M. Denning; R.J. Lane

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Aerodynamic Analysis of wind turbine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The thesis investigates the application of vortex theory for analyzing the aerodynamic loads on wind turbine blades. Based on this method, a graphical user friendly… (more)

Zarmehri, Ayyoob

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Deposition of Alternative (Syngas) Fuels on Turbine Blades with Film Cooling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ACERC ACERC Dr. Jeffrey Bons and Dr. Thomas Fletcher BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY SCIES Project 05-01-SR-120 with support from General Electric, Siemens-Westinghouse, Solar Turbines, Praxair UTSR Peer Workshop III, Clemson University, SC Oct. 18-20, 2005 Deposition of Alternative ( Deposition of Alternative ( Syngas Syngas ) Fuels on ) Fuels on Turbine Blades with Film Cooling Turbine Blades with Film Cooling Alternate fuels (e.g. coal, petcoke, and biomass) are being cons Alternate fuels (e.g. coal, petcoke, and biomass) are being cons idered to idered to produce produce syngas syngas fuels to replace natural gas in power turbines fuels to replace natural gas in power turbines Despite gas cleanup, small levels of airborne particulate (e.g. Despite gas cleanup, small levels of airborne particulate (e.g. 0.1 0.1 ppmw

325

Balancing Performance, Noise, Cost, and Aesthetics in the Southwest Windpower "Storm" Wind Turbine: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the design, fabrication, and testing of an 1800-watt innovative small wind turbine and discusses the importance of idiosyncratic aerodynamic and aeroacoustic airfoil characteristics for clean airfoils at low Reynolds numbers.

Migliore, P.; Green, J.; Calley, D.; Lonjaret, J.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Collegiate Wind Competition Turbines go Blade-to-Blade in Wind...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

- 5:11pm Addthis This wind tunnel constructed by NREL engineers will test the small wind turbines designed by 10 university teams competing in DOE's Collegiate Wind Competition....

327

On modelling of grouped reliability data for wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Special Issue Maintenance Modelling...data for wind turbines F. P. A...generation by wind turbines (WTs) has...turbines or maintenance activities...generation by wind turbines (WTs) has...turbines or maintenance activities......

F. P. A. Coolen; F. Spinato; D. Venkat

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Developing Biological Specifications for Fish Friendly Turbines...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Developing Biological Specifications for Fish Friendly Turbines Developing Biological Specifications for Fish Friendly Turbines This factsheet explains studies conducted in a...

329

Brilliant Wind Turbine | GE Global Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Brilliant(tm) Wind Turbines Push Power and Efficient Boundaries Brilliant(tm) Wind Turbines Push Power and Efficient Boundaries The conventional wisdom around wind is that the...

330

Turbine Electric Power Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turbine Electric Power Inc Sector: Vehicles Product: US-based, holder of the 'exclusive worldwide rights' to install, sell, market and distribute a new 'high tech' micro turbine...

331

Advanced Manufacturing Initiative Improves Turbine Blade Productivity...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Advanced Manufacturing Initiative Improves Turbine Blade Productivity Advanced Manufacturing Initiative Improves Turbine Blade Productivity May 20, 2011 - 2:56pm Addthis This is an...

332

Addressing Wind Turbine Tribological Challenges with Surface...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Addressing Wind Turbine Tribological Challenges with Surface Engineering Presented by Gary Doll of the University of Akron at the Wind Turbine Tribology Seminar 2014. Addressing...

333

Comparative Assessment of Direct Drive High Temperature Superconducting Generators in Multi-Megawatt Class Wind Turbines  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the work completed under the CRADA between NREL and American Superconductor (AMSC). The CRADA combined NREL and AMSC resources to benchmark high temperature superconducting direct drive (HTSDD) generator technology by integrating the technologies into a conceptual wind turbine design, and comparing the design to geared drive and permanent magnet direct drive (PMDD) wind turbine configurations. Analysis was accomplished by upgrading the NREL Wind Turbine Design Cost and Scaling Model to represent geared and PMDD turbines at machine ratings up to 10 MW and then comparing cost and mass figures of AMSC's HTSDD wind turbine designs to theoretical geared and PMDD turbine designs at 3.1, 6, and 10 MW sizes. Based on the cost and performance data supplied by AMSC, HTSDD technology has good potential to compete successfully as an alternative technology to PMDD and geared technology turbines in the multi megawatt classes. In addition, data suggests the economics of HTSDD turbines improve with increasing size, although several uncertainties remain for all machines in the 6 to 10 MW class.

Maples, B.; Hand, M.; Musial, W.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

New efficiency charts for the optimum design of axial flow turbines for organic Rankine cycles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Turbine efficiency plays a key role in the design optimization of \\{ORCs\\} (organic Rankine cycles) and should be properly evaluated for an accurate estimate of the real power production. Its value is in general assumed as given in the design optimization procedure, without a check that it can be really achieved in the resulting working conditions. The peculiar properties of high molecular weight fluids markedly influence turbine design and ask for turbine design criteria specifically tailored to ORCs. In this work a meanline design procedure for single stage axial flow turbines is developed to find optimum turbine geometry and efficiency in a wide range of operating conditions. Unlike previous literature, real fluid properties and very recent loss models are implemented. The variation of the predicted turbine efficiency with loading coefficient, flow coefficient, specific speed and specific diameter is shown through new general maps that explicitly take into account the strong influence of compressibility and turbine size through the volumetric expansion ratio and size parameter, respectively. All these maps can be included in a general design optimization procedure of the ORC system to help select the optimum design point, overcoming any arbitrary assumptions on turbine efficiency.

Luca Da Lio; Giovanni Manente; Andrea Lazzaretto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Recent Advances in Turbines1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... ON two previous occasions I have addressed this institution on the steam turbine. At the time of the first lecture, in 1900, the ... . At the time of the first lecture, in 1900, the turbine may be described as having been in the “advanced experimental stage.”Six years later ...

1911-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

336

Optimization of Wind Turbine Operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inclination angle was about 1°. The spinner anemometer measurements were correlated with wind speed and windOptimization of Wind Turbine Operation by Use of Spinner Anemometer TF Pedersen, NN Sørensen, L Title: Optimization of Wind Turbine Operation by Use of Spinner Anemometer Department: Wind Energy

337

Optimum propeller wind turbines  

SciTech Connect

The Prandtl-Betz-Theodorsen theory of heavily loaded airscrews has been adapted to the design of propeller windmills which are to be optimized for maximum power coefficient. It is shown that the simpler, light-loading, constant-area wake assumption can generate significantly different ''optimum'' performance and geometry, and that it is therefore not appropriate to the design of propeller wind turbines when operating in their normal range of high-tip-speed-to-wind-speed ratio. Design curves for optimum power coefficient are presented and an example of the design of a typical two-blade optimum rotor is given.

Sanderson, R.J.; Archer, R.D.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Aero Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aero Turbine Aero Turbine Jump to: navigation, search Name Aero Turbine Facility Aero Turbine Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner AeroTurbine Energy Company Location Riverside County CA Coordinates 33.7437°, -115.9925° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.7437,"lon":-115.9925,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

339

Towers for Offshore Wind Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increasing energy demand coupled with pollution free production of energy has found a viable solution in wind energy. Land based windmills have been utilized for power generation for more than two thousand years. In modern times wind generated power has become popular in many countries. Offshore wind turbines are being used in a number of countries to tap the energy from wind over the oceans and convert to electric energy. The advantages of offshore wind turbines as compared to land are that offshore winds flow at higher speed than onshore winds and the more available space. In some land based settings for better efficiency turbines are separated as much as 10 rotor diameters from each other. In offshore applications where only two wind directions are likely to predominate the distances between the turbines arranged in a line can be shortened to as little as two or four rotor diameters. Today more than a dozen offshore European wind facilities with turbine ratings of 450 kw to 3.6 MW exist offshore in very shallow waters of 5 to 12 m. Compared to onshore wind turbines offshore wind turbines are bigger and the tower height in offshore are in the range of 60 to 80 m. The water depths in oceans where offshore turbines can be located are within 30 m. However as the distance from land increases the costs of building and maintaining the turbines and transmitting the power back to shore also increase sharply. The objective of this paper is to review the parameters of design for the maximum efficiency of offshore wind turbines and to develop types offshore towers to support the wind turbines. The methodology of design of offshore towers to support the wind turbine would be given and the environmental loads for the design of the towers would be calculated for specific cases. The marine corrosion on the towers and the methods to control the corrosion also would be briefly presented. As the wind speeds tend to increase with distance from the shore turbines build father offshore will be able to capture more wind energy. Currently two types of towers are considered. Cylindrical tubular structures and truss type structures. But truss type structures have less weight and flexibility in design. The construction of the offshore towers to harness the wind energy is also presented. The results will include the calculation of wind and wave forces on the tower and the design details for the tower.

V. J. Kurian; S. P. Narayanan; C. Ganapathy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Combined Heat and Power Plant Steam Turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combined Heat and Power Plant Steam Turbine Steam Turbine Chiller Campus Heat Load Steam (recovered waste heat) Gas Turbine University Substation High Pressure Natural Gas Campus Electric Load Southern Generator Heat Recovery Alternative Uses: 1. Campus heating load 2. Steam turbine chiller to campus cooling

Rose, Michael R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

5th International Meeting Wind Turbine Noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 5th International Meeting on Wind Turbine Noise Denver 28 ­ 30 August 2013 Wind Turbine Noise Broadband noise generated aerodynamically is the dominant noise source for a modern wind turbine(Brooks et, clean energy. While profiting from wind energy, the noise produced by a modern wind turbine becomes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

342

Baseline Design of a Hurricane-Resilient Wind Turbine (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

Under U.S. Department of Energy-sponsored research FOA 415, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory led a team of research groups to produce a complete design of a large wind turbine system to be deployable in the western Gulf of Mexico region. As such, the turbine and its support structure would be subjected to hurricane-loading conditions. Among the goals of this research was the exploration of advanced and innovative configurations that would help decrease the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) of the design, and the expansion of the basic IEC design load cases (DLCs) to include hurricane environmental conditions. The wind turbine chosen was a three-bladed, downwind, direct-drive, 10-MW rated machine. The rotor blade was optimized based on an IEC load suite analysis. The drivetrain and nacelle components were scaled up from a smaller sized turbine using industry best practices. The tubular steel tower was sized using ultimate load values derived from the rotor optimization analysis. The substructure is an innovative battered and raked jacket structure. The innovative turbine has also been modeled within an aero-servo-hydro-elastic tool, and future papers will discuss results of the dynamic response analysis for select DLCs. Although multiple design iterations could not be performed because of limited resources in this study, and are left to future research, the obtained data will offer a good indication of the expected LCOE for large offshore wind turbines to be deployed in subtropical U.S. waters, and the impact design innovations can have on this value.

Damiani, R.; Robertson, A.; Schreck, S.; Maples, B.; Anderson, M.; Finucane, Z.; Raina, A.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

New England Tech Wind Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

New England Tech Wind Turbine New England Tech Wind Turbine Facility New England Tech Wind Turbine Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner New England Institute of Technology Energy Purchaser New England Institute of Technology Location Warwick RI Coordinates 41.732743°, -71.451466° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.732743,"lon":-71.451466,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

344

Lessons Learned: Milwaukees Wind Turbine Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

City of Milwaukee: City of Milwaukee: Wind Turbine Project Matt Howard, Environmental Sustainability Director Project Best Practices * Transparency and information * Find the most appropriate site - both wind profile and building load * Stay away from neighborhoods and iconic civic sites * No surprises for locally elected officials * Active public engagement * Know the facts; kill the myths; control the narrative * Tie to local economic development * Cost-benefit analysis, budgeting, payback, over and over and over... Project Basics * Proposal to site ONE, small-scale wind turbine on City-owned building on Port Authority property * 2323 S. Lincoln Memorial Dr., Port Administration Building * Turbine will power ALL of Port Admin. Bldg's needs * Best estimate of total cost of installation/operation: $550,000-$600,000

345

NREL: Technology Transfer - White Earth Nation Installs Turbines: A Wind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

White Earth Nation Installs Turbines: A Wind Powering America Success Story White Earth Nation Installs Turbines: A Wind Powering America Success Story February 11, 2013 Almost 8 years after taking the initial steps to harness the wind, the White Earth Nation recently completed the installation of two small wind turbines that will help offset energy costs for Minnesota's largest and most populous Native American reservation. Mike Triplett, economic development planner with the White Earth Development Office, believes that the project represents a unique opportunity for tribal entities in the United States. He noted that tribes don't qualify for tax-based incentives. "And as for working with investors, we never found that to be a viable option," Triplett said. "So we've relied heavily on grants." Funded through nearly $1.8 million in congressional appropriations along

346

PRESSURIZED SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL/GAS TURBINE POWER SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

Power systems based on the simplest direct integration of a pressurized solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) generator and a gas turbine (GT) are capable of converting natural gas fuel energy to electric power with efficiencies of approximately 60% (net AC/LHV), and more complex SOFC and gas turbine arrangements can be devised for achieving even higher efficiencies. The results of a project are discussed that focused on the development of a conceptual design for a pressurized SOFC/GT power system that was intended to generate 20 MWe with at least 70% efficiency. The power system operates baseloaded in a distributed-generation application. To achieve high efficiency, the system integrates an intercooled, recuperated, reheated gas turbine with two SOFC generator stages--one operating at high pressure, and generating power, as well as providing all heat needed by the high-pressure turbine, while the second SOFC generator operates at a lower pressure, generates power, and provides all heat for the low-pressure reheat turbine. The system cycle is described, major system components are sized, the system installed-cost is estimated, and the physical arrangement of system components is discussed. Estimates of system power output, efficiency, and emissions at the design point are also presented, and the system cost of electricity estimate is developed.

W.L. Lundberg; G.A. Israelson; R.R. Moritz (Rolls-Royce Allison); S.E. Veyo; R.A. Holmes; P.R. Zafred; J.E. King; R.E. Kothmann (Consultant)

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

NREL: Wind Research - Midsize Wind Turbine Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Midsize Wind Turbine Research Midsize Wind Turbine Research To facilitate the development and commercialization of midsize wind turbines (turbines with a capacity rating of more than 100 kW up to 1 MW), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and NREL launched the Midsize Wind Turbine Development Project. In its latest study, NREL determined that there is a substantial market for midsize wind turbines. One of the most significant barriers to the midsize turbine market is the lack of turbines available for deployment; there are few midsize turbines on the market today. The objectives of the Midsize Wind Turbine Development Project are to reduce the barriers to wind energy expansion by filling an existing domestic technology gap; facilitate partnerships; accelerate maturation of existing U.S. wind energy businesses; and incorporate process improvement

348

NREL: Wind Research - Ventera's VT 10 Turbine Testing and Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ventera's VT 10 Turbine Testing and Results Ventera's VT 10 Turbine Testing and Results Ventera's VT10 wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL is testing Ventera's VT10 small wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The VT10 is a horizontal-axis downwind, three-bladed turbine rated at 10 kilowatts (kW). Its diameter is 6.7 meters, and it is mounted on a lattice tower with a hub height of 21.7 meters. The VT10 uses a single-phase, grid-connected, permanent-magnet generator that operates at 240 volts AC. Testing Summary The summary of the tests is listed below, along with the final reports. Cumulative Energy Production 3/22/2010: 0; 3/29/2010: 26; 3/31/2010: 74; 4/1/2010: 75; 4/2/2010: 174;

349

Steam Path Audits on Industrial Steam Turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

steam Path Audits on Industrial steam Turbines DOUGLAS R. MITCHELL. ENGINEER. ENCOTECH, INC., SCHENECTADY, NEW YORK ABSTRACT The electric utility industry has benefitted from steam path audits on steam turbines for several years. Benefits... not extend the turbine outage. To assure that all of the turbine audit data are available, the audit engineer must be at the turbine site the day the steam path is first exposed. A report of the opening audit findings is generated to describe the as...

Mitchell, D. R.

350

Turbine efficiency test on a large hydraulic turbine unit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The flow rate measurements are the most difficult part of efficiency tests on prototype hydraulic turbines. Among the numerous flow rate measurement methods ... the Winter Kennedy method is preferred for measurin...

ZongGuo Yan; LingJiu Zhou; ZhengWei Wang

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

NREL: Wind Research - Viryd Technologies' CS8 Turbine Testing and Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Viryd Technologies' CS8 Turbine Testing and Results Viryd Technologies' CS8 Turbine Testing and Results Viryd Technologies CS8 wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL is testing Viryd Technologies' CS8 small wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The CS8 is an upwind, horizontal-axis, three-bladed, stall controlled turbine rated at 8 kilowatts (kW). It has an 8.5-meter rotor diameter and is mounted on a guyed tilt-up lattice tower with a hub height of 24.9 meters. The CS8 uses a single-phase, grid-connected, induction generator that operates at 240 volts AC. Testing Summary Supporting data and explanations for data included in this table are provided in the final reports.

352

NETL: Turbines - UTSR Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 An Experimental and Chemical Kinetics Study of the Combustion of Synga and High Hydrogen Content Fuels Penn State University & Princeton University 2 An Experimental and Chemical Kinetics Study of the Combustion of Synga and High Hydrogen Content Fuels Penn State University & Princeton University Robert Santoro (PSU), Fred Dryer (Princeton), & Yiguang Ju (Princeton) Project Dates: 10/1/2009 - 9/30/2012 Area of Research: Combusion Federal Project Manager: Mark Freeman Project Objective: To resolve the recently noted difficulties observed in the ability of existing elementary kinetic models to predict experimental ignition delay, burning rate, and homogenous chemical kinetic oxidation characteristics of hydrogen and hydrogen/carbon monoxide fuels with air and with air diluted with nitrogen and/or carbon dioxide at pressures and dilutions in the range of those contemplated for gas turbine applicaitons

353

NETL: Turbines - UTSR Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Numerical and Experimental Study of Mixing Processes Associated with Hydrogen and High Hydrogen Content Fuels University of California -- Irvine 1 Numerical and Experimental Study of Mixing Processes Associated with Hydrogen and High Hydrogen Content Fuels University of California -- Irvine Vincent McDonell Project Dates: 10/1/2008 - 9/30/2010 Area of Research: Combusion Federal Project Manager: Mark Freeman Project Objective: The goal of this comprehensive research is to evaluate methods for characterizing fuel profiles of coal syngas and high hydrogen content (HHC) fuels and the level of mixing, and apply these methods to provide detailed fuel concentration profile data for various premixer system configurations relevant for turbine applications. The specific project objectives include: (1) Establish and apply reliable, accurate measurement methods to establish instantaneous and time averaged fuel

354

NETL: Turbines - UTSR Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 High Pressure Kinetics of Syngas and Nearly Pure Hydrogen Fuels Univ of Colorado 6 High Pressure Kinetics of Syngas and Nearly Pure Hydrogen Fuels Univ of Colorado John Daily Project Dates: 8/1/2007 - 9/30/2010 Area of Research: Combusion Federal Project Manager: Mark Freeman Project Objective: The goal of this project is to develop the necessary chemical kinetics information to understand the combustion of syngas and nearly pure hydrogen fuels at conditions of interest in gas turbine combustion. Objectves are to explore high-pressure kinetics by making detailed composition measurements of combustion intermediates and products in a flow reactor using molecular beam/mass spectrometry (MB/MS) and matrix isolation spectroscopy (MIS), to compare experimental data with calculations using existing mechanisms, and to use theoretical methods to

355

Sprayed skin turbine component  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Fabricating a turbine component (50) by casting a core structure (30), forming an array of pits (24) in an outer surface (32) of the core structure, depositing a transient liquid phase (TLP) material (40) on the outer surface of the core structure, the TLP containing a melting-point depressant, depositing a skin (42) on the outer surface of the core structure over the TLP material, and heating the assembly, thus forming both a diffusion bond and a mechanical interlock between the skin and the core structure. The heating diffuses the melting-point depressant away from the interface. Subsurface cooling channels (35) may be formed by forming grooves (34) in the outer surface of the core structure, filling the grooves with a fugitive filler (36), depositing and bonding the skin (42), then removing the fugitive material.

Allen, David B

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

356

Steam turbines of the Ural Turbine Works for advanced projects of combined-cycle plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe the design features, basic thermal circuits, and efficiency of steam turbines developed on the basis of serially produced steam turbines of Ural Turbine Works and used as part of combined-cycle plants...

G. D. Barinberg; A. E. Valamin; A. Yu. Kultyshev

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Development of a low swirl injector concept for gas turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Injector Concept for Gas Turbines Robert K. Cheng * , Scottconcept for ultra- low NO x gas turbines. Low-swirl flamevirtually every industrial gas turbine manufacturer to meet

Cheng, R.K.; Fable, S.A.; Schmidt, D.; Arellano, L.; Smith, K.O.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Turbine Aeration Physical Modeling and Software Design | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Turbine Aeration Physical Modeling and Software Design Turbine Aeration Physical Modeling and Software Design Turbine Aeration Physical Modeling and Software Design...

359

Impulse Turbine Efficiency Calculation Methods with Organic Rankine Cycle.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? A turbine was investigated by various methods of calculating its efficiency. The project was based on an existing impulse turbine, a one-stage turbine set… (more)

Dahlqvist, Johan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Turbine-Fact-Sheets | netl.doe.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ultra-High Temperature Thermal Barrier Coatings HiFunda, LLC Hydrogen Turbines SC0008218 Air-Riding Seal Technology for Advanced Gas Turbine Engines Florida Turbine Technologies...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

An experimental and numerical study of wind turbine seismic behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a steel 1-MW wind turbine tower. ” Engineering Structures,testing of a steel wind turbine tower. ” Proceedings of theanalysis of steel wind turbine towers in the canadian

Prowell, I.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Current Challenges in Wind Turbine Tribology | Argonne National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Current Challenges in Wind Turbine Tribology Presented by Gary Doll of the University of Akron at the Wind Turbine Tribology Seminar 2014. Tribological Challenges in Wind Turbine...

363

Dynamic analysis of a 5 megawatt offshore floating wind turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for floating turbines [4]. ..15 Figure 3.1: Floating turbine degrees of freedom [the motion of a 5 MW floating turbine subjected to ocean

Harriger, Evan Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

10MW Class Direct Drive HTS Wind Turbine: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-08-00312  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the work completed under the CRADA between NREL and American Superconductor (AMSC). The CRADA combined NREL and AMSC resources to benchmark high temperature superconducting direct drive (HTSDD) generator technology by integrating the technologies into a conceptual wind turbine design, and comparing the design to geared drive and permanent magnet direct drive (PMDD) wind turbine configurations. Analysis was accomplished by upgrading the NREL Wind Turbine Design Cost and Scaling Model to represent geared and PMDD turbines at machine ratings up to 10 MW and then comparing cost and mass figures of AMSC's HTSDD wind turbine designs to theoretical geared and PMDD turbine designs at 3.1, 6, and 10 MW sizes.

Musial, W.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Western Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turbine Turbine Jump to: navigation, search Name Western Turbine Place Aurora, Colorado Zip 80011 Sector Wind energy Product Wind Turbine Installation and Maintainance. Coordinates 39.325162°, -79.54975° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.325162,"lon":-79.54975,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

366

How Do Wind Turbines Work?  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Instead of using electricity to make wind, like a fan, wind turbines use wind to make electricity. The wind turns the blades, which spin a shaft, which connects to a generator and makes electricity.

367

The Progress of the Steam Turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... in pressure, and the steam expands gradually by small increments. In a moderate-sized turbo-motor there may be from thirty to eighty successive rings, and when the steam ... and relieve end pressure on the thrust bearing. Fig. 3 shows a 350 kilowatt turbo-alternator, thirteen of which size are now at work in the London stations.

1897-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

368

High temperature turbine engine structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature ceramic/metallic turbine engine includes a metallic housing which journals a rotor member of the turbine engine. A ceramic disk-like shroud portion of the engine is supported on the metallic housing portion and maintains a close running clearance with the rotor member. A ceramic spacer assembly maintains the close running clearance of the shroud portion and rotor member despite differential thermal movements between the shroud portion and metallic housing portion.

Carruthers, William D. (Mesa, AZ); Boyd, Gary L. (Tempe, AZ)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

High temperature turbine engine structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature ceramic/metallic turbine engine includes a metallic housing which journals a rotor member of the turbine engine. A ceramic disk-like shroud portion of the engine is supported on the metallic housing portion and maintains a close running clearance with the rotor member. A ceramic spacer assembly maintains the close running clearance of the shroud portion and rotor member despite differential thermal movements between the shroud portion and metallic housing portion.

Carruthers, William D. (Mesa, AZ); Boyd, Gary L. (Tempe, AZ)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

High temperature turbine engine structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature ceramic/metallic turbine engine includes a metallic housing which journals a rotor member of the turbine engine. A ceramic disk-like shroud portion of the engine is supported on the metallic housing portion and maintains a close running clearance with the rotor member. A ceramic spacer assembly maintains the close running clearance of the shroud portion and rotor member despite differential thermal movements between the shroud portion and metallic housing portion.

Carruthers, William D. (Mesa, AZ); Boyd, Gary L. (Tempe, AZ)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Rim seal for turbine wheel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A turbine wheel assembly includes a disk having a plurality of blades therearound. A ceramic ring is mounted to the housing of the turbine wheel assembly. A labyrinth rim seal mounted on the disk cooperates with the ceramic ring to seal the hot gases acting on the blades from the disk. The ceramic ring permits a tighter clearance between the labyrinth rim seal and the ceramic ring.

Glezer, Boris (Del Mar, CA); Boyd, Gary L. (Alpine, CA); Norton, Paul F. (San Diego, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Design of a wind turbine-generator system considering the conformability to wind velocity fluctuations  

SciTech Connect

The conformability of the rated power output of the wind turbine-generator system and of the wind turbine type to wind velocity fluctuations are investigated with a simulation model. The authors examine three types of wind turbines: the Darrieus-Savonius hybrid, the Darrieus proper and the Propeller. These systems are mainly operated at a constant tip speed ratio, which refers to a maximum power coefficient points. As a computed result of the net extracting power, the Darrieus turbine proper has little conformability to wind velocity fluctuations because of its output characteristics. As for the other turbines, large-scale systems do not always have an advantage over small-scale systems as the effect of its dynamic characteristics. Furthermore, it is confirmed that the net extracting power of the Propeller turbine, under wind direction fluctuation, is much reduced when compared with the hybrid wind turbine. Thus, the authors conclude that the appropriate rated power output of the system exists with relation to the wind turbine type for each wind condition.

Wakui, Tetsuya; Hashizume, Takumi; Outa, Eisuke

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

1 - Introduction to gas turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter provides an overview of the importance of gas turbines for the power generation and oil and gas sector and – in less detail – the aviation sector. Worldwide trends in power generation and electricity conversion processes and the role of gas turbines to minimise CO2 emissions are addressed. Gas turbines are essential and crucial to reduce emissions both in aviation and in power production. Technologies for improving gas turbine and system efficiency, through higher turbine inlet temperatures, improved materials, cooling methods and thermal barrier coatings are described. New thermodynamic approaches, including intercooling, water and steam injection and hybrid cycles are addressed. Major issues are also fuel and operational flexibility, reliability and availability, cost reduction and power density, especially for the offshore sector. Market trends have been sketched. In the coming decades, gas turbines will be one of the major technologies for CO2 emission reductions in the power generation, aviation, oil and gas exploration and transport sectors. This prognosis is based on their high current efficiency and further efficiency improvement potential, both for simple cycle as for combined-cycle applications.

A.J.A. Mom

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Industrial Gas Turbines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Gas Turbines Industrial Gas Turbines Industrial Gas Turbines November 1, 2013 - 11:40am Addthis A gas turbine is a heat engine that uses high-temperature, high-pressure gas as the working fluid. Part of the heat supplied by the gas is converted directly into mechanical work. High-temperature, high-pressure gas rushes out of the combustor and pushes against the turbine blades, causing them to rotate. In most cases, hot gas is produced by burning a fuel in air. This is why gas turbines are often referred to as "combustion" turbines. Because gas turbines are compact, lightweight, quick-starting, and simple to operate, they are used widely in industry, universities and colleges, hospitals, and commercial buildings. Simple-cycle gas turbines convert a portion of input energy from the fuel

375

Industrial Gas Turbines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Gas Turbines Industrial Gas Turbines Industrial Gas Turbines November 1, 2013 - 11:40am Addthis A gas turbine is a heat engine that uses high-temperature, high-pressure gas as the working fluid. Part of the heat supplied by the gas is converted directly into mechanical work. High-temperature, high-pressure gas rushes out of the combustor and pushes against the turbine blades, causing them to rotate. In most cases, hot gas is produced by burning a fuel in air. This is why gas turbines are often referred to as "combustion" turbines. Because gas turbines are compact, lightweight, quick-starting, and simple to operate, they are used widely in industry, universities and colleges, hospitals, and commercial buildings. Simple-cycle gas turbines convert a portion of input energy from the fuel

376

Ocean Wave Energy Systems Design: Conceptual Design Methodology for the Operational Matching of the Wells Air Turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper has set out a conceptual design methodology that was employed in the design of a Wells air turbine for OWC ocean wave energy plants. In particular, the ... sizing, given the range and frequency of power

…

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Cost Study for Large Wind Turbine Blades  

SciTech Connect

The cost study for large wind turbine blades reviewed three blades of 30 meters, 50 meters, and 70 meters in length. Blade extreme wind design loads were estimated in accordance with IEC Class I recommendations. Structural analyses of three blade sizes were performed at representative spanwise stations assuming a stressed shell design approach and E-glass/vinylester laminate. A bill of materials was prepared for each of the three blade sizes using the laminate requirements prepared during the structural analysis effort. The labor requirements were prepared for twelve major manufacturing tasks. TPI Composites developed a conceptual design of the manufacturing facility for each of the three blade sizes, which was used for determining the cost of labor and overhead (capital equipment and facilities). Each of the three potential manufacturing facilities was sized to provide a constant annual rated power production (MW per year) of the blades it produced. The cost of the production tooling and overland transportation was also estimated. The results indicate that as blades get larger, materials become a greater proportion of total cost, while the percentage of labor cost is decreased. Transportation costs decreased as a percentage of total cost. The study also suggests that blade cost reduction efforts should focus on reducing material cost and lowering manufacturing labor, because cost reductions in those areas will have the strongest impact on overall blade cost.

ASHWILL, THOMAS D.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Performance of propeller wind turbines  

SciTech Connect

Presented herein is a parametric study of the performance of propeller wind turbines with realistic drag/lift ratios. Calculations were made using the complete Glauert vortex blade element theory in annular streamtube elements with the complete turbine performance being the sum of the elemental results up to a specified tip speed ratio. The objective here is to exhibit a new computational technique which yields performance directly when tangential speed ratio and section aerodynamic characteristics are specified. It was found that for a tip speed ratio of 4, turbines with drag/lift ratios of 0.00 and 0.01 had power coefficients of 0.575 and 0.55, respectively. The off-design performance of the finite drag/lift was far better than that of their zero drag counterparts, except in a + or - 20% region about the design conditions. Tolerance to off-design operation increased with decreasing tip speed ratios so that the annual energy capture for tip speed ratios between 2 and 4 was about 87% of the ideal turbine value. The results are intended to provide a basis for re-evaluation of the power range classes of fixed pitch turbines and design tip speed ratios.

Wortman, A.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

MEASURING IMPACTS TO BIRDS CAUSED BY WIND TURBINES MEASURING IMPACTS TO BIRDS CAUSED BY WIND TURBINES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APPENDIX A MEASURING IMPACTS TO BIRDS CAUSED BY WIND TURBINES #12;A-1 APPENDIX A MEASURING IMPACTS TO BIRDS CAUSED BY WIND TURBINES 1.0 INTRODUCTION Differential composition of wind turbines at wind energy used is the number of fatalities per wind turbine per year (Anderson et al. 1999). This metric has

380

Turbine-Turbine Interaction and Performance Detailed (Fact Sheet), NREL Highlights, Science  

SciTech Connect

Next-generation modeling capability assesses wind turbine array fluid dynamics and aero-elastic simulations.

Not Available

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Maglev Wind Turbine Technologies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maglev Wind Turbine Technologies Maglev Wind Turbine Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Name Maglev Wind Turbine Technologies Place Sierra Vista, Arizona Zip 85635 Sector Wind energy Product The new company employs magnetic levitation (Maglev) technology in its wind turbines, which it says will have a longer life span, be cheaper to build, and produce 1GW of energy each. References Maglev Wind Turbine Technologies[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Maglev Wind Turbine Technologies is a company located in Sierra Vista, Arizona . References ↑ "Maglev Wind Turbine Technologies" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Maglev_Wind_Turbine_Technologies&oldid=348578"

382

Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine A rotor for use in turbine applications. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine A rotor for use in turbine applications has a radial compressor/pump having radially disposed spaced apart fins forming passages and a radial turbine having hollow turbine blades interleaved with the fins and through which fluid from the radial compressor/pump flows. The rotor can, in some applications, be used to produce electrical power. U.S. Patent No.: 7,044,718 (DOE S-100,626) Patent Application Filing Date: July 8, 2003 Patent Issue Date: May 16, 2006 Licensing Status: Available for Express Licensing (?). View terms and a sample license agreement.

383

Parametric design of floating wind turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the price of energy increases and wind turbine technology matures, it is evident that cost effective designs for floating wind turbines are needed. The next frontier for wind power is the ocean, yet development in near ...

Tracy, Christopher (Christopher Henry)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Building the Basic PVC Wind Turbine  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Smart CD- Building PVC Turbine 8 Some Blade Building Tips KidWind model wind turbines are designed for use in science classes, or as a hobby or science fair project....

385

Diffuser Augmented Wind Turbine Analysis Code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, it is necessary to develop innovative wind capturing devices that can produce energy in the locations where large conventional horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWTs) are too impractical to install and operate. A diffuser augmented wind turbine (DAWT) is one...

Carroll, Jonathan

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

386

Golden Turbines LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Axis Logarithmic Spiral Turbine This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleGoldenTurbinesLLC&oldid76910...

387

Theory and Performance of Tesla Turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas turbines for combined heat and power”. In: Ap- plied10.1115/1.4001356. [3] Combined Heat and Power. Tech. rep.of Tesla Turbines for Combined Heat and Power Applications”.

Romanin, Vincent D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Airfoil family design for large offshore wind turbine blades  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind turbine blades size has scaled-up during last years due to wind turbine platform increase especially for offshore applications. The EOLIA project 2007-2010 (Spanish Goverment funded project) was focused on the design of large offshore wind turbines for deep waters. The project was managed by ACCIONA Energia and the wind turbine technology was designed by ACCIONA Windpower. The project included the design of a wind turbine airfoil family especially conceived for large offshore wind turbine blades, in the order of 5MW machine. Large offshore wind turbines suffer high extreme loads due to their size, in addition the lack of noise restrictions allow higher tip speeds. Consequently, the airfoils presented in this work are designed for high Reynolds numbers with the main goal of reducing blade loads and mantainig power production. The new airfoil family was designed in collaboration with CENER (Spanish National Renewable Energy Centre). The airfoil family was designed using a evolutionary algorithm based optimization tool with different objectives, both aerodynamic and structural, coupled with an airfoil geometry generation tool. Force coefficients of the designed airfoil were obtained using the panel code XFOIL in which the boundary layer/inviscid flow coupling is ineracted via surface transpiration model. The desing methodology includes a novel technique to define the objective functions based on normalizing the functions using weight parameters created from data of airfoils used as reference. Four airfoils have been designed, here three of them will be presented, with relative thickness of 18%, 21%, 25%, which have been verified with the in-house CFD code, Wind Multi Block WMB, and later validated with wind tunnel experiments. Some of the objectives for the designed airfoils concern the aerodynamic behavior (high efficiency and lift, high tangential coefficient, insensitivity to rough conditions, etc.), others concern the geometry (good for structural design, compatibility for the different airfoil family members, etc.) and with the ultimate objective that the airfoils will reduce the blade loads. In this paper the whole airfoil design process and the main characteristics of the airfoil family are described. Some force coefficients for the design Reynolds number are also presented. The new designed airfoils have been studied with computational calculations (panel method code and CFD) and also in a wind tunnel experimental campaign. Some of these results will be also presented in this paper.

B Méndez; X Munduate; U San Miguel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Consider Steam Turbine Drives for Rotating Equipment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This tip sheet outlines the benefits of steam turbine drives for rotating equipment as part of optimized steam systems.

390

Electrical Cost Reduction Via Steam Turbine Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ELECTRICAL COST REDUCTION VIA STEAM TURBINE COGENERATION LYNN B. DI TULLIO, P.E. Project Engineer Ewing Power Systems, Inc. South Deerfield, Mass. ABSTRACT Steam turbine cogeneration is a well established technology which is widely used... mature technology. Steam turbines and engines have been used by industry to cogen erate power since before there were electric utilities. While the technology for turbines, generators and controls has continued to develop there is very little about...

Ewing, T. S.; Di Tullio, L. B.

391

Speaker: Professor Alexander Turbiner, Instituto de Ciencias ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 27, 2009 ... PURDUE UNIVERSITY. Department of Mathematics Colloquium. Speaker: Professor Alexander Turbiner, Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, ...

1910-91-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

MHK Technologies/MRL Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turbine Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage 275px Technology Profile Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 7 8 Open Water System Testing Demonstration and Operation Technology Description The MRL turbine equally converts both the lift and drag force in any given flow to rotational energy The benefits of using lift and increase the potential energy when compared to solely lift based machines such as propellers The base efficiency of the MRL device is 54 before various optimization features are installed 10 Other benefits to the MRL technology 1 Modular Design Lower risk financially and environmentally 2 Variable aspect ratio Unlike propellers estuaries require letterbox shaped extraction profile Particularly suitable for shallow water sites such as rivers estuaries Suitable also for deep water applications 3 Near surface operation Placed in highest velocity stream Easy to maintain 4 Movable If silting or flow profile shifts over the years devices can re sited and optimized for best extraction 5 Highly efficient Higher efficiency means smaller device size and weight Self starting and much lower cut in speed 6 Cheap to install No high cost ves

393

Field measurement of solid particle erosion in utility steam turbines  

SciTech Connect

For the first time, extensive field testing has characterized solid particle erosion (SPE) in terms of size and frequency. This is particularly important because SPE damage to large steam turbine components can degrade plant efficiency, increasing operating costs by up to $3 million/yr per unit for a total of $150 million nationwide. The objective was to characterize under various operating conditions the level and distribution of magnetite particles in turbine steam and the resulting SPE. The project team developed a field test program to characterize the solid particles in turbine steam and measure the erosion resistance of various coatings. At Dayton Power Light, a 600-MW turbine generator unit with a coal-fired once-through supercritical boiler was fitted with two steam sampling systems, the first for isokinetic sampling and the second for erosion evaluation. The team took roughly 300 isokinetic steam samples from the main steam line during both startup and full-load operation. They condensed and filtered each steam sample, then determined the level and distribution of magnetite particles.

Duncan, D.; Vohr, J.H.; Shalvoy, R.S. (General Electric Co., Schenectady, NY (United States). Turbine Technology Dept.)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

TGM Turbines | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TGM Turbines TGM Turbines Jump to: navigation, search Name TGM Turbines Place Sertaozinho, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip 14175-000 Sector Biomass Product Brazil based company who constructs and sells boilers for biomass plants. Coordinates -21.14043°, -48.005154° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-21.14043,"lon":-48.005154,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

395

TIP DESENSITIZATION OF AN AXIAL TURBINE ROTOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

flow causes total pressure loss and significantly reduces turbine stage efficiency. Tip leakage relatedCC-63 TIP DESENSITIZATION OF AN AXIAL TURBINE ROTOR USING PARTIAL SQUEALER RIMS Debashis Dey1 of full and partial-length squealer rims in a turbine stage. Full and partial-length squealer rims

Camci, Cengiz

396

Generating Resources Combined Cycle Combustion Turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

turbine (s) Heat recovery steam generator (s) - HRSG with or without duct firing Natural gas supply11/17/2014 1 Generating Resources Combined Cycle Combustion Turbine Utility Scale Solar PV Steven doing recently around two key supply-side resource technologies 1. Combined Cycle Combustion Turbine

397

Prototype bucket foundation for wind turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prototype bucket foundation for wind turbines -natural frequency estimation Lars Bo Ibsen Morten bucket foundation for wind turbines -natural frequency estimation by Lars Bo Ibsen Morten Liingaard foundation for wind turbines--natural frequency estimation" is divided into four numbered sections

398

Aircraft Gas Turbine Materials and Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...extend the life of a gas turbine air-foil...withstood higher turbine inlet tem-peratures...invented for the gas-pressure...from over. Remaining to be formu-lated...in rupture life. In addition...fabrication of gas turbine components...

B. H. Kear; E. R. Thompson

1980-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

399

Computational Analysis of Shrouded Wind Turbine Configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational Analysis of Shrouded Wind Turbine Configurations Aniket C. Aranake Vinod K. Lakshminarayan Karthik Duraisamy Computational analysis of diuser-augmented turbines is performed using high-dimensional simulations of shrouded wind turbines are performed for selected shroud geometries. The results are compared

Alonso, Juan J.

400

Wind Turbine Blockset in Matlab/Simulink  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind Turbine Blockset in Matlab/Simulink General Overview and Description of the Models Florin Iov, Anca Daniela Hansen, Poul Sørensen, Frede Blaabjerg Aalborg University March 2004 #12;22 Wind Turbine to model, optimize and design wind turbines" and it has been used as a general developer tool for other

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

International Workshop on Small Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name International Workshop on Small Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization Risoe DTU Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Wind Topics Implementation, Technology characterizations Resource Type Workshop, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.risoe.dtu.dk/~/medi References International Workshop on Small Scale Wind Energy for Developing Countries[1] Background "The workshop covers the following main themes: Wind energy technologies, their perspectives and applications in developing countries. Reliability of wind turbines, lifetime and strength of wind turbine components. Low cost and natural materials for wind turbines.

402

Woods Hole Research Center Wind Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hole Research Center Wind Turbine Hole Research Center Wind Turbine Jump to: navigation, search Name Woods Hole Research Center Wind Turbine Facility Woods Hole Research Center Wind Turbine Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Woods Hole Research Center Developer Sustainable Energy Developments Energy Purchaser Woods Hole Research Center Location Falmouth MA Coordinates 41.548637°, -70.64326° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.548637,"lon":-70.64326,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

403

Bassett Mechanical Explores Mid-size Wind Market | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bassett Mechanical Explores Mid-size Wind Market Bassett Mechanical Explores Mid-size Wind Market Bassett Mechanical Explores Mid-size Wind Market May 7, 2010 - 10:07am Addthis Bassett employees work on embedment (anchor) rings for the wind turbine foundations. Bassett just received a 48C tax credit to invest in capital equipment for wind turbine tower manufacturing.| Photo courtesy Bassett Mechanical Bassett employees work on embedment (anchor) rings for the wind turbine foundations. Bassett just received a 48C tax credit to invest in capital equipment for wind turbine tower manufacturing.| Photo courtesy Bassett Mechanical Lindsay Gsell About five years ago, Wisconsin's Bassett Mechanical began branching into renewable energy. The nearly 75-year-old company started producing components used to anchor the towers of wind turbines to their foundations.

404

Applying micro scales of horizontal axis wind turbines for operation in low wind speed regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Utilizing the micro scales of wind turbines could noticeably supply the demand for the electricity in low wind speed regions. Aerodynamic design and optimization of the blade, as a main part of a wind turbine, were addressed in the study. Three micro scales of horizontal axis wind turbines with output power of 0.5, 0.75 and 1 kW were considered and the geometric optimization of the blades in terms of the two involved parameters, chord and twist, was undertaken. In order to improve the performance of the turbines at low wind speeds, starting time was included in an objective function in addition to the output power – the main and desirable goal of the wind turbine blade design. A purpose-built genetic algorithm was employed to maximize both the output power and the starting performance which were calculated by the blade-element momentum theory. The results emphasize that the larger values of the chord and twist at the root part of the blades are indispensable for the better performance when the wind speed is low. However, the noticeable value of the generator resistive torque could largely delay the starting of the micro-turbines especially for the considered smaller size, 0.5 kW, where the starting aerodynamic torque could not overcome the generator resistive torque. For that size, an increase in the number of blades improved both the starting performance and also output power.

Abolfazl Pourrajabian; Reza Ebrahimi; Masoud Mirzaei

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

THE EFFECTS OF CHANGING FUELS ON HOT GAS PATH CONDITIONS IN SYNGAS TURBINES  

SciTech Connect

Gas turbines in integrated gasification combined cycle power plants burn a fuel gas (syngas) in which the proportions of hydrocarbons, H2, CO, water vapor, and minor impurity levels may differ significantly from those in natural gas. Such differences can yield changes in the temperature, pressure, and corrosive species that are experienced by critical components in the hot gas path, with important implications in the design, operation, and reliability of the turbine. A new data structure and computational methodology is presented for the numerical simulation of a turbine thermodynamic cycle for various fuel types. The approach used allows efficient handling of turbine components and different variable constraints due to fuel changes. Examples are presented for a turbine with four stages. The vanes and blades were considered to be cooled in an open circuit, with air provided from the appropriate compressor stages. A constraint was placed on the maximum metal temperature and values were calculated for the fuel flow rates, airflow ratios, and coolant flow rates for cases where the turbine was fired with natural gas, NG, or syngas, SG. One NG case was conducted to assess the effect of coolant pressure matching between the compressor extraction points and corresponding turbine injection points. It was found that pressure matching is a feature that must be considered for high combustion temperatures. The first series of SG simulations was conducted using the same inlet mass flow and pressure ratios as those for the NG case. The results showed that higher coolant flow rates and a larger number of cooled turbine rows were needed for the SG case to comply with imposed temperature constraint. Thus, for this first case, the turbine size would be different for SG than for NG. In order to maintain the original turbine configuration (i.e., geometry, diameters, blade heights, angles, and cooling circuit characteristics) for the SG simulations, a second series of simulations was carried out in which the inlet mass flow was varied while keeping constant the pressure ratios and the amount of hot gas passing the first vane of the turbine. The effects of turbine matching between the NG and SG cases were increases for the SG case of approximately 7 and 13 % for total cooling flows and cooling flows for the first vane, respectively. In particular, for the SG case, the vane in the last stage of the turbine experienced inner wall temperatures that approached the maximum allowable limit.

Sabau, Adrian S [ORNL; Wright, Ian G [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES, INC. FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SOLAR TURBINES, INC. FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC SOLAR TURBINES, INC. FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC26-09NT05873; W(A)-09-058, CH-1524 The Petitioner, Solar Turbines, Incorporated (Solar) was awarded a cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Development of a low NOx Medium Sized Industrial Gas Turbine Operating on Hydrogen-Rich Renewable and Opportunity Fuels. II According to its response to question 2, Solar states that it will develop technologies that will enable utilization of opportunity fuels. This will be accomplished by characterizing biomass and renewable fuels to evaluate and quantify design requirements; utilizing high 'hydrogen content biomass and renewable fuels; and, validating these new fuels in a full-scale, multi-injector rig and developing

407

Temporary CO2 Capture Shut Down: Implications on Low Pressure Steam Turbine Design and Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Natural gas Combined Cycle (NGCC) with post combustion capture using liquid solvents may in some cases be of interest to design with a flexible steam bottoming cycle, so that it can operate both with and without CO2 capture. It is then important that the choice of the low pressure (LP) steam turbine exhaust size is made accordingly. The paper describes why a flexible NGCC requires a LP steam turbine with smaller exhaust than the corresponding NGCC without CO2 capture, and how this will affect the LP turbine exhaust loss and NGCC process efficiency. Handling large variations in LP steam flow is in fact well- known technology in combined heat and power (CHP) plants, and the use of 3D simulation tools can further help making the best LP steam turbine design choice.

Marcus Thern; Kristin Jordal; Magnus Genrup

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

The value of steam turbine upgrades  

SciTech Connect

Technological advances in mechanical and aerodynamic design of the turbine steam path are resulting in higher reliability and efficiency. A recent study conducted on a 390 MW pulverized coal-fired unit revealed just how much these new technological advancements can improve efficiency and output. The empirical study showed that the turbine upgrade raised high pressure (HP) turbine efficiency by 5%, intermediate pressure (IP) turbine efficiency by 4%, and low pressure (LP) turbine efficiency by 2.5%. In addition, the unit's highest achievable gross generation increased from 360 MW to 371 MW. 3 figs.

Potter, K.; Olear, D.; [General Physics Corp. (United States)

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Final Technical Report Recovery Act: Online Nonintrusive Condition Monitoring and Fault Detection for Wind Turbines  

SciTech Connect

The penetration of wind power has increased greatly over the last decade in the United States and across the world. The U.S. wind power industry installed 1,118 MW of new capacity in the first quarter of 2011 alone and entered the second quarter with another 5,600 MW under construction. By 2030, wind energy is expected to provide 20% of the U.S. electricity needs. As the number of wind turbines continues to grow, the need for effective condition monitoring and fault detection (CMFD) systems becomes increasingly important [3]. Online CMFD is an effective means of not only improving the reliability, capacity factor, and lifetime, but it also reduces the downtime, energy loss, and operation and maintenance (O&M) of wind turbines. The goal of this project is to develop novel online nonintrusive CMFD technologies for wind turbines. The proposed technologies use only the current measurements that have been used by the control and protection system of a wind turbine generator (WTG); no additional sensors or data acquisition devices are needed. Current signals are reliable and easily accessible from the ground without intruding on the wind turbine generators (WTGs) that are situated on high towers and installed in remote areas. Therefore, current-based CMFD techniques have great economic benefits and the potential to be adopted by the wind energy industry. Specifically, the following objectives and results have been achieved in this project: (1) Analyzed the effects of faults in a WTG on the generator currents of the WTG operating at variable rotating speed conditions from the perspective of amplitude and frequency modulations of the current measurements; (2) Developed effective amplitude and frequency demodulation methods for appropriate signal conditioning of the current measurements to improve the accuracy and reliability of wind turbine CMFD; (3) Developed a 1P-invariant power spectrum density (PSD) method for effective signature extraction of wind turbine faults with characteristic frequencies in the current or current demodulated signals, where 1P stands for the shaft rotating frequency of a WTG; (4) Developed a wavelet filter for effective signature extraction of wind turbine faults without characteristic frequencies in the current or current demodulated signals; (5) Developed an effective adaptive noise cancellation method as an alternative to the wavelet filter method for signature extraction of wind turbine faults without characteristic frequencies in the current or current demodulated signals; (6) Developed a statistical analysis-based impulse detection method for effective fault signature extraction and evaluation of WTGs based on the 1P-invariant PSD of the current or current demodulated signals; (7) Validated the proposed current-based wind turbine CMFD technologies through extensive computer simulations and experiments for small direct-drive WTGs without gearboxes; and (8) Showed, through extensive experiments for small direct-drive WTGs, that the performance of the proposed current-based wind turbine CMFD technologies is comparable to traditional vibration-based methods. The proposed technologies have been successfully applied for detection of major failures in blades, shafts, bearings, and generators of small direct-drive WTGs. The proposed technologies can be easily integrated into existing wind turbine control, protection, and monitoring systems and can be implemented remotely from the wind turbines being monitored. The proposed technologies provide an alternative to vibration-sensor-based CMFD. This will reduce the cost and hardware complexity of wind turbine CMFD systems. The proposed technologies can also be combined with vibration-sensor-based methods to improve the accuracy and reliability of wind turbine CMFD systems. When there are problems with sensors, the proposed technologies will ensure proper CMFD for the wind turbines, including their sensing systems. In conclusion, the proposed technologies offer an effective means to achieve condition-based smart maintenance for wind turbines and have a gre

Wei Qiao

2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

410

Methods for measuring turbine efficiency  

SciTech Connect

This article describes the most common methods used for measuring hydro turbine efficiency. These methods are the acoustic flowmeter method, the Gibson (pressure-time) method, pressure drop across a flow restriction, propeller-driven flowmeters, the volumetric method, Winter-Kennedy taps, and the thermodynamic method. A new computerized variation of the Gibson method is also described.

O'Kelly, F.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

High temperature turbine engine structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature turbine engine includes a rotor portion having axially stacked adjacent ceramic rotor parts. A ceramic/ceramic joint structure transmits torque between the rotor parts while maintaining coaxial alignment and axially spaced mutually parallel relation thereof despite thermal and centrifugal cycling.

Boyd, Gary L. (Tempe, AZ)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Wind tunnel experiments of a newly developed two-bladed Savonius-style wind turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wind tunnel experiments have been conducted with a newly developed two-bladed Savonius-style wind turbine specifically meant for a small-scale energy conversion. This novel shape of the turbine blade is evolved from a series of experiments with different types of blades in the recent past. The developed two-bladed turbine is tested in an open type test section and its performance is assessed in terms of power and torque coefficients. Experiments have also been conducted with other standard blades such as semi-circular, semi-elliptic, Benesh and Bach types in order to have a direct comparison. In this study, all the reported experimental data are inclusive of wind tunnel blockage corrections. Further, the effects of Reynolds number on the dynamic and static characteristics are also discussed. The present investigation demonstrates a gain of 34.8% in maximum power coefficient with the newly developed two-bladed turbine.

Sukanta Roy; Ujjwal K. Saha

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Aerodynamic interference between two Darrieus wind turbines  

SciTech Connect

The effect of aerodynamic interference on the performance of two curved bladed Darrieus-type vertical axis wind turbines has been calculated using a vortex/lifting line aerodynamic model. The turbines have a tower-to-tower separation distance of 1.5 turbine diameters, with the line of turbine centers varying with respect to the ambient wind direction. The effects of freestream turbulence were neglected. For the cases examined, the calculations showed that the downwind turbine power decrement (1) was significant only when the line of turbine centers was coincident with the ambient wind direction, (2) increased with increasing tipspeed ratio, and (3) is due more to induced flow angularities downstream than to speed deficits near the downstream turbine.

Schatzle, P.R.; Klimas, P.C.; Spahr, H.R.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Energy 101: Wind Turbines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wind Turbines Wind Turbines Energy 101: Wind Turbines Addthis Description See how wind turbines generate clean electricity from the power of the wind. Highlighted are the various parts and mechanisms of a modern wind turbine. Duration 2:16 Topic Tax Credits, Rebates, Savings Wind Energy Economy Credit Energy Department Video MR. : We've all seen those creaky old windmills on farms, and although they may seem about as low-tech as you can get, those old windmills are the predecessors for new modern wind turbines that generate electricity. The same wind that used to pump water for cattle is now turning giant wind turbines to power cities and homes. OK, have a look at this wind farm in the California desert, a hot desert next to tall mountains - an ideal place for a lot of wind.

415

Investigation of aerodynamic braking devices for wind turbine applications  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the selection and preliminary design of a new aerodynamic braking system for use on the stall-regulated AWT-26/27 wind turbines. The goal was to identify and design a configuration that offered improvements over the existing tip brake used by Advanced Wind Turbines, Inc. (AWT). Although the design objectives and approach of this report are specific to aerodynamic braking of AWT-26/27 turbines, many of the issues addressed in this work are applicable to a wider class of turbines. The performance trends and design choices presented in this report should be of general use to wind turbine designers who are considering alternative aerodynamic braking methods. A literature search was combined with preliminary work on device sizing, loads and mechanical design. Candidate configurations were assessed on their potential for benefits in the areas of cost, weight, aerodynamic noise, reliability and performance under icing conditions. As a result, two configurations were identified for further study: the {open_quotes}spoiler-flap{close_quotes} and the {open_quotes}flip-tip.{close_quotes} Wind tunnel experiments were conducted at Wichita State University to evaluate the performance of the candidate aerodynamic brakes on an airfoil section representative of the AWT-26/27 blades. The wind tunnel data were used to predict the braking effectiveness and deployment characteristics of the candidate devices for a wide range of design parameters. The evaluation was iterative, with mechanical design and structural analysis being conducted in parallel with the braking performance studies. The preliminary estimate of the spoiler-flap system cost was $150 less than the production AWT-26/27 tip vanes. This represents a reduction of approximately 5 % in the cost of the aerodynamic braking system. In view of the preliminary nature of the design, it would be prudent to plan for contingencies in both cost and weight.

Griffin, D.A. [R. Lynette & Associates, Seattle, WA (United States)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Cast Alloys for Advanced Ultra Supercritical Steam Turbines  

SciTech Connect

The proposed steam inlet temperature in the Advanced Ultra Supercritical (A-USC) steam turbine is high enough (760 °C) that traditional turbine casing and valve body materials such as ferritic/martensitic steels will not suffice due to temperature limitations of this class of materials. Cast versions of several traditionally wrought Ni-based superalloys were evaluated for use as casing or valve components for the next generation of industrial steam turbines. The full size castings are substantial: 2-5,000 kg each half and on the order of 100 cm thick. Experimental castings were quite a bit smaller, but section size was retained and cooling rate controlled to produce equivalent microstructures. A multi-step homogenization heat treatment was developed to better deploy the alloy constituents. The most successful of these cast alloys in terms of creep strength (Haynes 263, Haynes 282, and Nimonic 105) were subsequently evaluated by characterizing their microstructure as well as their steam oxidation resistance (at 760 and 800 °C).

G. R. Holcomb, P. Wang, P. D. Jablonski, and J. A. Hawk,

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Evaluation of manure as a feedstock for gas turbines  

SciTech Connect

A preliminary program on evaluation of feedlot manure as a feed stock for gas turbines has been completed. It was determined that manure can be pulverized and fed into a gas turbine combustion system with the manure burning in much the same manner as a liquid or gaseous fuel. Ash and dirt in the manure did not appear to have a significant effect on combustion and were effectively removed by the cyclone filters. The exhaust gases varied from clear to a blue haze. Severe problems were encountered with slagging of the hot refractory walls of the combustor. Development of a suitable combustor will be required before a commercial size system can be designed. 10 refs., 10 figs., 3 tabs.

Hamrick, J.T.

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Land-Based Wind Turbine Transportation and Logistics Barriers and Their Effects on U.S. Wind Markets (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

The average size of land based wind turbines installed in the United States has increased dramatically over time. As a result wind turbines are facing new transportation and logistics barriers that limit the size of utility scale land based wind turbines that can be deployed in the United States. Addressing these transportation and logistics barriers will allow for even further increases in U.S. turbine size using technologies under development for offshore markets. These barriers are important because larger taller turbines have been identified as a path to reducing the levelized cost of energy for electricity. Additionally, increases in turbine size enable the development of new low and moderate speed markets in the U.S. In turn, wind industry stakeholder support, market stability, and ultimately domestic content and manufacturing competitiveness are potentially affected. In general there is very little recent literature that characterizes transportation and logistics barriers and their effects on U.S. wind markets and opportunities. Accordingly, the objective of this paper is to report the results of a recent NREL study that identifies the barriers, assesses their impact and provides recommendations for strategies and specific actions.

Cotrell, J.; Stehly, T.; Johnson, J.; Roberts, J.O.; Parker, Z.; Scott, G.; Heimiller, D.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Investment in small ITC enterprises  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...News Investment in small ITC enterprises Bill Freyenfeld...at http://www.bcs.org.uk/ Investment in small ITC enterprises 'Britain's...this are a combination of inadequate investment, market-size limitations, unskilled......

Bill Freyenfeld

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Review of Pump as Turbine (PAT) for Micro-Hydropower  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — Micro-hydropower projects are the excellent alternative for electricity generation in remote areas. These projects can be installed on small streams, rivers, and channels without any recognizable effect on environment. The only problem in micro-hydro projects is the high cost of turbine, for which Pump as Turbine (PAT) is a successful solution. An objective of the present study is to review the selection criteria of PAT for various hydropower sites having different potential. Since no general model has been developed which can be used to calculate the conversion factors for PAT, so this paper focuses on the research that have been carried out in this field. The limitations of the various available models and other selection criteria have also been discussed in this paper.

Tarang Agarwal

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421

Washington University Can the Sound Generated by Modern Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Washington University Can the Sound Generated by Modern Wind Turbines Affect the Health of Those turbines haveWind turbines have been getting biggerbeen getting bigger and bigger....and bigger.... Lars Needs Wind turbines are "green" and areWind turbines are "green" and are contributing to our energy

Salt, Alec N.

422

Characterization of the SUMO Turbulence Measurement System for Wind Turbine Wake Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The remotely piloted aircraft system (RPAS) SUMO (Small Unmanned Meteorological Observer) has been equipped with a miniaturized 5-hole probe sensor system for measurement of the 3-dimensional flow vector with a temporal resolution of 100 Hz. Due to its’ weight and size this system is particularly well suited for operations in the vicinity of wind turbines. To qualify for full scale measurements in turbine wakes the system has been characterized by several laboratory and field tests described in this study. A wind tunnel test against a hot-wire anemometer shows the capability of the 5-hole probe to react to turbulence in the same manner as the hot-wire system. The resulting spectra from the two platforms show in general good agreement for both laminar and turbulent flows. The 5-hole probe system is able to resolve turbulence up to frequencies around 20 ? 30 Hz when using a tubing length of 15 cm between the probe and the pressure transducers. In addition, an environmental parallel test against to two sonic anemometers mounted on the roof-top of a car was performed at Bergen airport Flesland. Despite several issues with the self-made and low-cost experimental setup, important system characteristics could be tested and verified. In particular the velocity spectral components of the sonic anemometer system and the 5-hole probe are in close resemblance to each other. This is at least a strong indication that the 5-hole probe is suitable for atmospheric turbulence measurements onboard the RPAS SUMO platform.

Line Båserud; Martin Flügge; Anak Bhandari; Joachim Reuder

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

A conceptual study of floating axis water current turbine for low-cost energy capturing from river, tide and ocean currents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The cost of utilizing kinetic energy of river stream, tidal and ocean current is considered to be higher than that of wind power generation because of difficulties in construction and maintenance of devices installed in seawater. As a solution to the problem, the authors propose a new concept of water stream turbine. The main idea is in the manner of supporting turbine. Although it is similar to a vertical axis turbine, the direction of turbine axis is not firmly fixed and its tilt angle is passively adjustable to the stream velocity. Since it does not have to keep the turbine axis in upright position, required structural strength and weight of the device will be reduced significantly. This paper describes the application ranging from the small hydro power in river streams to large application of tidal and ocean current turbine. In the large capacity plant for tidal stream and ocean current, the main mechanism of turbine axis support is the same as that of the wind turbine authors proposed in the previous paper. It leads to the further opportunity of cost reduction. The sample design of a multi-megawatt ocean current turbine shows the possibility of high economic performance of the concept. The results show that the cost of energy in the concept can be comparable to a land based wind turbine.

Hiromichi Akimoto; Kenji Tanaka; Kiyoshi Uzawa

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

22 Federal Register 22 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 29 / Friday, February 11, 2011 / Rules and Regulations SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Parts 121 and 124 RIN 3245-AF53 Small Business Size Regulations; 8(a) Business Development/Small Disadvantaged Business Status Determinations AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This rule makes changes to the regulations governing the section 8(a) Business Development (8(a) BD) program, the U.S. Small Business Administration's (SBA or Agency) size regulations, and the regulations affecting Small Disadvantaged Businesses (SDBs). It is the first comprehensive revision to the 8(a) BD program in more than ten years. Some of the changes involve technical issues such as changing the term ''SIC code'' to

425

Large-Eddy Simulation Study of Wake Propagation and Power Production in an Array of Tidal-Current Turbines: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents our initial work in performing large-eddy simulations of tidal turbine array flows. First, a horizontally-periodic precursor simulation is performed to create turbulent flow data. Then that data is used to determine the inflow into a tidal turbine array two rows deep and infinitely wide. The turbines are modeled using rotating actuator lines, and the finite-volume method is used to solve the governing equations. In studying the wakes created by the turbines, we observed that the vertical shear of the inflow combined with wake rotation causes lateral wake asymmetry. Also, various turbine configurations are simulated, and the total power production relative to isolated turbines is examined. Staggering consecutive rows of turbines in the simulated configurations allows the greatest efficiency using the least downstream row spacing. Counter-rotating consecutive downstream turbines in a non-staggered array shows a small benefit. This work has identified areas for improvement, such as the use of a larger precursor domain to better capture elongated turbulent structures, the inclusion of salinity and temperature equations to account for density stratification and its effect on turbulence, improved wall shear stress modeling, and the examination of more array configurations.

Churchfield, M. J.; Li, Y.; Moriarty, P. J.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Large-Eddy Simulation Study of Wake Propagation and Power Production in an Array of Tidal-Current Turbines: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents our initial work in performing large-eddy simulations of tidal turbine array flows. First, a horizontally-periodic precursor simulation is performed to create turbulent flow data. Then that data is used as inflow into a tidal turbine array two rows deep and infinitely wide. The turbines are modeled using rotating actuator lines, and the finite-volume method is used to solve the governing equations. In studying the wakes created by the turbines, we observed that the vertical shear of the inflow combined with wake rotation causes lateral wake asymmetry. Also, various turbine configurations are simulated, and the total power production relative to isolated turbines is examined. Staggering consecutive rows of turbines in the simulated configurations allows the greatest efficiency using the least downstream row spacing. Counter-rotating consecutive downstream turbines in a non-staggered array shows a small benefit. This work has identified areas for improvement, such as the use of a larger precursor domain to better capture elongated turbulent structures, the inclusion of salinity and temperature equations to account for density stratification and its effect on turbulence, improved wall shear stress modelling, and the examination of more array configurations.

Churchfield, M. J.; Li, Y.; Moriarty, P. J.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Definition: Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Turbine A device or machine that converts the kinetic energy of a fluid (air, water, steam or other gases) to mechanical energy.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Electric generator, Electricity, Electricity generation, energy, bioenergy References ↑ http://205.254.135.24/tools/glossary/index.cfm?id=T ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/site_administration/glossary.html Retriev LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ed from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Turbine&oldid=493149" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

428

Wind Turbine Manufacturing Process Monitoring  

SciTech Connect

To develop a practical inline inspection that could be used in combination with automated composite material placement equipment to economically manufacture high performance and reliable carbon composite wind turbine blade spar caps. The approach technical feasibility and cost benefit will be assessed to provide a solid basis for further development and implementation in the wind turbine industry. The program is focused on the following technology development: (1) Develop in-line monitoring methods, using optical metrology and ultrasound inspection, and perform a demonstration in the lab. This includes development of the approach and performing appropriate demonstration in the lab; (2) Develop methods to predict composite strength reduction due to defects; and (3) Develop process models to predict defects from leading indicators found in the uncured composites.

Waseem Faidi; Chris Nafis; Shatil Sinha; Chandra Yerramalli; Anthony Waas; Suresh Advani; John Gangloff; Pavel Simacek

2012-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

429

Fuel option for gas turbine  

SciTech Connect

Growth in electricity demand is an average of 10% per year. Energy, emission, and economy are importance of critical concerns for generating systems. Therefore, combined cycle power plant is preferred to Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) new power generating capacity. The various option of available fuel for gas turbine are natural gas, liquid fuel and coal fuel. Particularly with the tremendous price increases in imported and domestic fuel supplies, natural gas is an attractive low cost alternative for power generation. EGAT has researched using heavy fuel instead of natural gas since the year 1991. The problems of various corrosion characteristics have been found. In addition, fuel treatment for gas turbine are needed, and along with it, the environmental consideration are options that provide the limitation of environmental regulation.

Tantayakom, S. [Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand, Nonthaburi (Thailand). Chemical and Analysis Dept.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

430

Final Turbine and Test Facility Design Report Alden/NREC Fish Friendly Turbine  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The final report provides an overview of the Alden/NREC Fish Friendly turbine design phase, turbine test plan, preliminary test results, costs, schedule, and a hypothetical application at a real world project.

431

Massachusetts Wind Turbine Acoustics Research Project—Goals and preliminary results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts (USA) has 43 operating wind turbine projects of 100 kW or more. At several of these projects noise complaints have been made to state authorities. The Massachusetts Clean Energy Center which provides funding for early stage analysis and development of wind power projects and the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection which regulates noise launched the project to increase understanding of (1) wind turbine acoustic impacts taking into account variables such as wind turbine size technology wind speed topography and distance and (2) the generation propagation and measurement of sound around wind turbine projects to inform policy-makers on how pre- and post-construction wind turbine noise studies should be conducted. This study involved the collection of detailed sound and meteorological data at five locations. The resulting database and interim reports contain information on infrasound and audible frequencies including amplitude modulation tonality and level. Analyses will include how the effects of wind shear and other variables may affect these parameters. Preliminary findings reflect the effects of meteorological conditions on wind turbine sound generation and propagation.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Steam Turbine Materials and Corrosion  

SciTech Connect

Ultra-supercritical (USC) power plants offer the promise of higher efficiencies and lower emissions. Current goals of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Power Systems Initiatives include coal generation at 60% efficiency, which would require steam temperatures of up to 760 °C. In prior years this project examined the steamside oxidation of alloys for use in high- and intermediate-pressure USC turbines. This steamside oxidation research is continuing and progress is presented, with emphasis on chromia evaporation.

Holcomb, G.H.; Hsu, D.H.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Optomechanical Conversion by Mechanical Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Liquid-crystal elastomers are rubbers with liquid-crystal order. They contract along their nematic director when heated or illuminated. The shape changes are large and occur in a relatively narrow temperature interval or at low illumination around the nematic-isotropic transition. We present a conceptual design of a mechanical, turbine-based engine using photoactive liquid-crystal elastomers to extract mechanical work from light. Its efficiency is estimated to be 40%.

Miloš Kneževi? and Mark Warner

2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

434

Optomechanical conversion by mechanical turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liquid crystal elastomers are rubbers with liquid crystal order. They contract along their nematic director when heated or illuminated. The shape changes are large and occur in a relatively narrow temperature interval, or at low illumination, around the nematic-isotropic transition. We present a conceptual design of a mechanical, turbine-based engine using photo-active liquid crystal elastomers to extract mechanical work from light. Its efficiency is estimated to be 40%.

Milos Knezevic; Mark Warner

2014-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

435

On the Fatigue Analysis of Wind Turbines  

SciTech Connect

Modern wind turbines are fatigue critical machines that are typically used to produce electrical power from the wind. Operational experiences with these large rotating machines indicated that their components (primarily blades and blade joints) were failing at unexpectedly high rates, which led the wind turbine community to develop fatigue analysis capabilities for wind turbines. Our ability to analyze the fatigue behavior of wind turbine components has matured to the point that the prediction of service lifetime is becoming an essential part of the design process. In this review paper, I summarize the technology and describe the ''best practices'' for the fatigue analysis of a wind turbine component. The paper focuses on U.S. technology, but cites European references that provide important insights into the fatigue analysis of wind turbines.

Sutherland, Herbert J.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

High Temperature Capabililty and Innovative Cooling with a Spar and Shell Turbine Blade - Florida Turbine Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Temperature Capability and Temperature Capability and Innovative Cooling with a Spar and Shell Turbine Blade-Florida Turbine Technologies Background Florida Turbine Technologies, Inc. (FTT) is currently developing advanced aerothermal technologies centered on spar and shell airfoil concepts meant to provide highly durable turbine components that require the lowest cooling flow possible. The spar-shell system represents a unique opportunity for the use of advanced, high-temperature materials

437

Cooled turbine blades in the GTÉ-65 gas turbine power unit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experience with the development, study, and manufacturing of cooled blades for the GTÉ-65 high temperature gas turbine is described.

V. V. Rtishchev; V. V. Krivonosova; Yu. M. Sundukov…

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Lightning protection system for a wind turbine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a wind turbine (104, 500, 704) having a plurality of blades (132, 404, 516, 744) and a blade rotor hub (120, 712), a lightning protection system (100, 504, 700) for conducting lightning strikes to any one of the blades and the region surrounding the blade hub along a path around the blade hub and critical components of the wind turbine, such as the generator (112, 716), gearbox (708) and main turbine bearings (176, 724).

Costin, Daniel P. (Chelsea, VT); Petter, Jeffrey K. (Williston, VT)

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

439

E-Print Network 3.0 - axis wind turbines Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

turbines Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: axis wind turbines...

440

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft gas turbines Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

turbines Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aircraft gas turbines...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced gas turbines Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

turbines Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: advanced gas turbines...

442

E-Print Network 3.0 - aviation gas turbines Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

turbines Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aviation gas turbines...

443

E-Print Network 3.0 - axial flow turbines Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

turbines Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: axial flow turbines...

444

E-Print Network 3.0 - axial flow turbine Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

turbine Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: axial flow turbine...

445

E-Print Network 3.0 - axis wind turbine Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

turbine Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: axis wind turbine...

446

How Does a Wind Turbine Work? | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Work? How Does a Wind Turbine Work? How does a wind turbine work? Previous Next Wind turbines operate on a simple principle. The energy in the wind turns two or three...

447

Wind Turbine Scaling Enables Projects to Reach New Heights |...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Turbine Scaling Enables Projects to Reach New Heights Wind Turbine Scaling Enables Projects to Reach New Heights August 18, 2014 - 9:42am Addthis Turbines at the National Wind...

448

Dynamic analysis of a 5 megawatt offshore floating wind turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1985. 23. Hau, E. Wind Turbines: Fundamentals, Technologies,for Floating Offshore Wind Turbines. Tech. no. NREL/CP-500-Full-scale Floating Wind Turbine." Statoil, 14 Oct. 2009.

Harriger, Evan Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Impacts of Wind Turbine Proximity on Property Values in Massachusetts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Industrial Wind Turbine Noise on Sleep and Health.Waye, K. P. (2007) Wind Turbine Noise, Annoyance and Self-and Annoyance of Wind Turbine Noise. Acta Acus- tica United

Atkinson-Palombo, Carol

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Dynamic analysis of a 5 megawatt offshore floating wind turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5-MW Reference Wind Turbine for Offshore System Development.for Floating Offshore Wind Turbines. Tech. no. NREL/CP-500-a Spar-type Floating Offshore Wind Turbine. Thesis. TU Delft

Harriger, Evan Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Sandia National Laboratories: New Wind Turbine Blade Design  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ClimateECEnergyNew Wind Turbine Blade Design New Wind Turbine Blade Design More Energy with Less Weight ATLAS II Data Acquisition System New Wind Turbine Blade Design On May 18,...

452

Dynamic analysis of a 5 megawatt offshore floating wind turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wind turbine. Rating Control Rotor Radius Rated Wind Speed Towerwind turbine is used in this design, however there are slight modifications of the tower.of the tower. Figure 2.3: NREL 5 MW Reference Wind Turbine [

Harriger, Evan Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Wind Turbine Transportation in Toyland | GE Global Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Edison's Desk > Wind Turbine Transportation in Toyland Wind Turbine Transportation in Toyland Charles (Burt) Theurer 2011.05.27 GE doesn't just make wind turbines. We also deliver...

454

Automatic Detection of Wind Turbine Clutter for Weather Radars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind turbines cause contamination of weather radar signals that is often detrimental and difficult to distinguish from cloud returns. Because the turbines are always at the same location, it would seem simple to identify where wind turbine ...

Kenta Hood; Sebastián Torres; Robert Palmer

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

On modelling of grouped reliability data for wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......generation by wind turbines (WTs) has...large-scale offshore developments...generation by wind turbines (WTs) has...large-scale offshore developments...UK, most wind turbines (WTs) have...likely that offshore WTs will play......

F. P. A. Coolen; F. Spinato; D. Venkat

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Aeroelastic simulation of wind turbine blades  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this chapter is to compute dynamic stresses acting on wind turbine blades. These stresses are essential in predicting fatigue of the rotor.

Z.L. Mahri; M.S. Rouabah; Z. Said

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Turbine bucket natural frequency tuning rib  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tuning rib is added preferably in the aft cavity of a cored turbine bucket to alter the bucket's natural frequencies. The tuning rib may be a solid rib or a segmented rib and is particularly suited for altering high order frequency modes such as 2T, 4F and 1-3S. As such, detrimental crossings of natural bucket frequencies and gas turbine stimuli can be avoided to thereby improve the reliability of a gas turbine without impacting other features of the bucket that are important to the performance of the gas turbine.

Wang, John Zhiqiang (Greenville, SC); Norton, Paul Francis (Greenville, SC); Barb, Kevin Joseph (Halfmoon, NY); Jacala, Ariel Caesar-Prepena (Simpsonville, SC)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Robotic Wind Turbine Inspection | GE Global Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trials GE Global Research is advancing technology that will make the inspection of wind turbines faster and more reliable for customers. Currently, an inspector examines the...

459

Steam turbine upgrades: A utility based approach  

SciTech Connect

In the increasingly competitive power generation markets utilities must strive towards lower electricity generation costs, whilst relying on an aging steam turbine fleet. By the year 2000 more than 25% of the global steam turbine capacity will be older than 30 years. The heat rate of such units is generally considerably higher than that of equivalent new plant, and such equipment can be further disadvantaged by increased maintenance costs and forced outage rates. Over the past decade steam turbine conversion, modification, and upgrade packages have become an increasingly important part of the European steam turbine market. Furthermore, many utilities now realize that enhanced cost-effectiveness can often be obtained by moving away from the original equipment manufacturer (OEM), and the upgrading of other manufacturers' plant is now routine within the steam turbine industry. By working closely with customers, GE has developed a comprehensive range of steam turbine upgrade packages, including advanced design steampaths which can increase the performance of existing turbine installations to levels comparable with new plant. Such packages are tailor-made to the requirements of each customer, to ensure that the most cost-effective engineering solution is identified. This paper presents an overview of GE's state-of-the-art steam turbine technology, and continues to describe typical economic models for turbine upgrades.

Wakeley, G.R.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Dynamic Response of Floating Wind Turbines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In this thesis the extreme values of tension in the mooring lines on Hywind Demo is investigated. Hywind Demo is a floating wind turbine… (more)

Neuenkirchen Godø, Sjur

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Aeroelastic analysis of an offshore wind turbine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Aeroelastic design and fatigue analysis of large utility-scale wind turbine blades are performed. The applied fatigue model is based on established methods and is… (more)

Fossum, Peter Kalsaas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Energy 101: Wind Turbines- 2014 Update  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The video highlights the basic principles at work in wind turbines, and illustrates how the various components work to capture and convert wind energy to electricity.

463

Sandia National Laboratories: wind turbine blade materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Doppler Velocimeter EC Top Publications A Comparison of Platform Options for Deep-water Floating Offshore Vertical Axis Wind Turbines: An Initial Study Nonlinear Time-Domain...

464

Sandia National Laboratories: wind turbine blade reliability  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Doppler Velocimeter EC Top Publications A Comparison of Platform Options for Deep-water Floating Offshore Vertical Axis Wind Turbines: An Initial Study Nonlinear Time-Domain...

465

Structural reliability of offshore wind turbines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Statistical extrapolation is required to predict extreme loads, associated with a target return period, for offshore wind turbines. In statistical extrapolation, “short-term" distributions of the… (more)

Agarwal, Puneet, 1977-

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Structural and Damage Assessment of Multi-Section Modular Hybrid Composite Wind Turbine Blade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the size of wind turbines to generate higher power output. Typically, the larger/longer blade designs rely on hybrid material systems such as carbon and/or glass fiber (CF/GF) reinforced polymers to improve specific stiffness/strength and damage tolerance...

Nanami, Norimichi

2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

467

SumTime-Turbine: A Knowledge-Based System to Communicate Gas Turbine Time-Series Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SumTime-Turbine...produces textual summaries of archived time-series data from gas turbines. These summaries should help experts understand large...SumTime-Turbine is based on pattern detection, ...

Jin Yu; Ehud Reiter; Jim Hunter…

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Failure Analysis of Nozzle Guide Vane of a Low Pressure Turbine in an Aero Gas Turbine Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Failure of low pressure turbine nozzle guide vane (NGV) in an aero gas turbine engine is analyzed to determine its root ... failure has caused extensive damages in low pressure turbine modules. Remedial measures ...

R. K. Mishra; Johney Thomas; K. Srinivasan…

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Analysis and Optimisation of a Novel Wind Turbine .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The technologies of urban wind turbines have been rapidly developed in recent years, but urban wind turbines have not found a wide application due to… (more)

Zhang, Xu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Technologies for Evaluating Fish Passage Through Turbines | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technologies for Evaluating Fish Passage Through Turbines Technologies for Evaluating Fish Passage Through Turbines This report evaluated the feasibility of two types of...

471

Environmental Effects of Hydrokinetic Turbines on Fish: Desktop...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Effects of Hydrokinetic Turbines on Fish: Desktop and Laboratory Flume Studies Environmental Effects of Hydrokinetic Turbines on Fish: Desktop and Laboratory Flume Studies This...

472

Massachusetts: New Report States That Hydrokinetic Turbines Have...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

New Report States That Hydrokinetic Turbines Have Minimal Environmental Impacts on Fish Massachusetts: New Report States That Hydrokinetic Turbines Have Minimal Environmental...

473

EA-2004: Seneca Nation of Indians Wind Turbine Project, Cattaraugus...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

of Indians Wind Turbine Project, Cattaraugus Territory, Chautauqua County, Irving, New York EA-2004: Seneca Nation of Indians Wind Turbine Project, Cattaraugus Territory,...

474

Utility-Scale Wind Turbines | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility-Scale Wind Turbines Jump to: navigation, search Field testing of a wind turbine drivetraintower damper using advanced design and validation techniques at the National Wind...

475

An Exploration of Wind Energy & Wind Turbines | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

An Exploration of Wind Energy & Wind Turbines An Exploration of Wind Energy & Wind Turbines Below is information about the student activitylesson plan from your search. Grades...

476

NREL: Wind Research - Utility-Scale Wind Turbine Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

wind turbine research addresses performance and reliability issues that large wind turbines experience throughout their lifespan and reduces system costs through innovative...

477

GE, Sandia National Lab Improve Wind Turbines | GE Global Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GE, Sandia National Lab Discover Pathway to Quieter, More Productive Wind Turbines GE, Sandia National Lab Discover Pathway to Quieter, More Productive Wind Turbines Use of...

478

Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry - Presentation by Frito-Lay North America, June 2011 Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...

479

Droplet Characterization in the Wake of Steam Turbine Cascades.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In low-pressure steam turbines, water droplet formation on the surfaces of stationary stator blades can lead to erosion on downstream turbine blades and other… (more)

Plondke, Adam Charles

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Technological features and operating modes of bottom turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Technological features and the startup and operation modes of a power unit consisting of an R-type turbine and a bottom turbine connected to it are considered.

L. S. Ioffe

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine size small" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

EA-2004: Seneca Nation of Indians Wind Turbine Project, Cattaraugus...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

EA-2004: Seneca Nation of Indians Wind Turbine Project, Cattaraugus Territory, New York EA-2004: Seneca Nation of Indians Wind Turbine Project, Cattaraugus Territory, New York...

482

Fuel Cell/Gas Turbine System Performance Studies  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

as topping combustors for both turbines. A recuperated-heat exchanger recovers waste heat from the power turbine exhaust. This recuperated thermal energy partially heats the...

483

SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Design and Field Test | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Design and Field Test SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Design and Field Test This report documents the design, fabrication, and testing of the SMART Wind Turbine Rotor. This work...

484

,,,"with Any"," Steam Turbines Supplied by Either Conventional...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

or Fluidized Bed Boilers",,,"Conventional Combusion Turbines with Heat Recovery",,,"Combined-Cycle Combusion Turbines",,,"Internal Combusion Engines with Heat Recovery",,,"...

485

New Report States That Hydrokinetic Turbines Have Minimal Environmenta...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Report States That Hydrokinetic Turbines Have Minimal Environmental Impacts on Fish New Report States That Hydrokinetic Turbines Have Minimal Environmental Impacts on Fish August...

486

An experimental and numerical study of wind turbine seismic behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Seismic and Wind Load Combinations 8.5.2 Extremeextrapolation for wind turbine extreme loads. ” Wind Energy,extrapolation for wind turbine extreme loads. ” 46th AIAA

Prowell, I.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Collaborative Advanced Gas Turbine Program: Phase 1. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Collaborative Advanced Gas Turbine (CAGT) Program is an advanced gas turbine research and development program whose goal is to accelerate the commercial availability, to within the turn of the century, of high efficiency aeroderivative gas turbines for electric power generating applications. In the first project phase, research was conducted to prove or disprove the research hypothesis that advanced aeroderivative gas turbine systems can provide a promising technology alternative, offering high efficiency and good environmental performance characteristics in modular sizes, for utility applications. This $5 million, Phase 1 research effort reflects the collaborative efforts of a broad and international coalition of industries and organizations, both public and private, that have pooled their resources to assist in this research. Included in this coalition are: electric and gas utilities, the Electric Power Research Institute, the Gas Research Institute and the principal aircraft engine manufacturers. Additionally, the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the California Energy Commission have interacted with the CAGT on both technical and executive levels as observers and sources of funding. The three aircraft engine manufacturer-led research teams participating in this research include: Rolls-Royce, Inc., and Bechtel; the Turbo Power and Marine Division of United Technologies and Fluor Daniel; and General Electric Power Generation, Stewart and Stevenson, and Bechtel. Each team has investigated advanced electric power generating systems based on their high-thrust (60,000 to 100,000 pounds) aircraft engines. The ultimate goal of the CAGT program is that the community of stakeholders in the growing market for natural-gas-fueled, electric power generation can collectively provide the right combination of market-pull and technology-push to substantially accelerate the commercialization of advanced, high efficiency aeroderivative technologies.

Hollenbacher, R.; Kesser, K.; Beishon, D.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Tribological advancements for reliable wind turbine performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the gearbox components. Wind turbine gearboxes experience...the generators to the power grid, respectively...can produce a torsional wind-up of the components...Pontius2009Main shaft support for wind turbine with a fixed and...44061999 Hydraulic fluid power-fluids-method of coding...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Energy 101: Wind Turbines - 2014 Update  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

See how wind turbines generate clean electricity from the power of wind. The video highlights the basic principles at work in wind turbines, and illustrates how the various components work to capture and convert wind energy to electricity. This updated version also includes information on the Energy Department's efforts to advance offshore wind power. Offshore wind energy footage courtesy of Vestas.

None

2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

490

GE Turbine Parts www.edisonmachine.com  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vehicle: Has the code for a hydrogen car been cracked? World-first working eukaryotic cell mad from get swanky with the Equus Bass770 Zenos reveals details of the E10 roadster The Toyota FCV fuel cellGE Turbine Parts www.edisonmachine.com New authentic GE and Westinghouse Turbine Parts Muscle cars

Chiao, Jung-Chih

491

Principles of Jet Propulsion and Gas Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the presentation of the basic theory of jet propulsion and the thermodynamics of the gas-turbine and rocket types of engine. The layout follows a logical sequence, on the whole ... reader is treated to the now well-known thermodynamic analysis of the power-producing gas turbine cycle, which seems rather misplaced in a book dealing with jet propulsion. In his ...

S. J. MOYES

1949-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

492

Atmosphere: Turbines shoot upside-down lightning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Wind turbines emit lightning flashes upwards, producing these electrical discharges at regular intervals relative to the ... emit lightning flashes upwards, producing these electrical discharges at regular intervals relative to the turbine's rotation, and can do so tens of kilometres away from an active thunderstorm ...

2014-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

493

Creep-Resisting Alloys For Gas Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... ON February 22 and 23, a symposium on High-Temperature Steels and Alloys for Gas Turbines was held under the auspices of the Iron and Steel Institute in the rooms of ... metallurgical progress to which his invention gave rise, and discussing the problems of the gas turbine at its present stage of development.

N. P. ALLEN

1951-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

494

Hydraulic Motors: Turbines and Pressure Engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE essential detail which lifts the mere water-wheel to the rank of a turbine consists, according to the author, in some arrangement for directing the water over the ... work at a time, the buckets of the remaining part being empty; while a turbine is arranged, as a rule, with a vertical axis, and all parts of ...

A. G. G.

1889-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

495

Offshore Wind Turbines: Some Technical Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Offshore Wind Turbines: Some Technical Challenges Prof. Guy Houlsby FREng Oxford University House engineers concerned with installation of offshore wind turbines. The author is Professor of Civil of foundations for offshore structures. He also has a strong interest in the development of the fundamental

Houlsby, Guy T.

496

Energy 101: Wind Turbines - 2014 Update  

SciTech Connect

See how wind turbines generate clean electricity from the power of wind. The video highlights the basic principles at work in wind turbines, and illustrates how the various components work to capture and convert wind energy to electricity. This updated version also includes information on the Energy Department's efforts to advance offshore wind power. Offshore wind energy footage courtesy of Vestas.

None

2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

497

Offshore Wind Turbine Wakes Measured by Sodar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A ship-mounted sodar was used to measure wind turbine wakes in an offshore wind farm in Denmark. The wake magnitude and vertical extent were determined by measuring the wind speed profile behind an operating turbine, then shutting down the ...

R. J. Barthelmie; L. Folkerts; F. T. Ormel; P. Sanderhoff; P. J. Eecen; O. Stobbe; N. M. Nielsen

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Offshore Wind Turbines and Their Installation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Offshore winds tend to be higher, more constant and not disturbed by rough terrain, so there is a large potential for utilizing wind energy near to the sea. Compared with the wind energy converters onland, wind turbine components offshore will subject ... Keywords: renewable energy, wind power generation, offshore wind turbines, offshore installation

Liwei Li; Jianxing Ren

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Microhydropower Turbine, Pump, and Waterwheel Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Microhydropower Turbine, Pump, and Waterwheel Basics Microhydropower Turbine, Pump, and Waterwheel Basics Microhydropower Turbine, Pump, and Waterwheel Basics August 16, 2013 - 3:58pm Addthis A microhydropower system needs a turbine, pump, or waterwheel to transform the energy of flowing water into rotational energy, which is then converted into electricity. Turbines Turbines are commonly used to power microhydropower systems. The moving water strikes the turbine blades, much like a waterwheel, to spin a shaft. But turbines are more compact in relation to their energy output than waterwheels. They also have fewer gears and require less material for construction. There are two general types of turbines: impulse and reaction. Impulse Turbines Impulse turbines, which have the least complex design, are most commonly

500

Microhydropower Turbine, Pump, and Waterwheel Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Microhydropower Turbine, Pump, and Waterwheel Basics Microhydropower Turbine, Pump, and Waterwheel Basics Microhydropower Turbine, Pump, and Waterwheel Basics August 16, 2013 - 3:58pm Addthis A microhydropower system needs a turbine, pump, or waterwheel to transform the energy of flowing water into rotational energy, which is then converted into electricity. Turbines Turbines are commonly used to power microhydropower systems. The moving water strikes the turbine blades, much like a waterwheel, to spin a shaft. But turbines are more compact in relation to their energy output than waterwheels. They also have fewer gears and require less material for construction. There are two general types of turbines: impulse and reaction. Impulse Turbines Impulse turbines, which have the least complex design, are most commonly