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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

MHK Technologies/OCGen turbine generator unit TGU | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OCGen turbine generator unit TGU OCGen turbine generator unit TGU < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage OCGen turbine generator unit TGU.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Ocean Renewable Power Company Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Cook Inlet Tidal Energy *MHK Projects/East Foreland Tidal Energy *MHK Projects/Lubec Narrows Tidal *MHK Projects/Nenana Rivgen *MHK Projects/Treat Island Tidal *MHK Projects/Western Passage OCGen Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Cross Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4: Proof of Concept Technology Description he OCGen turbine-generator unit (TGU) is unidirectional regardless of current flow direction. Two cross flow turbines drive a permanent magnet generator on a single shaft. OCGen modules contain the ballast/buoyancy tanks and power electronics/control system allowing for easier installation. The OCGen TGU can be stacked either horizontally or vertically to form arrays.

2

Study of Linear Equivalent Circuits of Electromechanical Systems for Turbine Generator Units.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The thesis utilizes the analogy in dynamic equations between a mechanical and an electrical system to convert the steam-turbine, micro-turbine, wind-turbine and hydro-turbine generator mechanical… (more)

Tsai, Chia-Chun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Turbine-generator replacement study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes an engineering study for the replacement of a nominal 70 Mw turbine-generator in a multi-unit utility cogeneration station. The existing plant is briefly described, alternatives considered are discussed, and the conclusions reached are presented. Key topics are the turbine steam cycle evaluation and the turbine pedestal analysis.

Miller, E.F.; Stuhrke, S.P., Shah, A.A. (Burns and Roe Enterprises, Inc., Oradell, NJ (USA))

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Hermetic turbine generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A Rankine cycle turbine drives an electric generator and a feed pump, all on a single shaft, and all enclosed within a hermetically sealed case. The shaft is vertically oriented with the turbine exhaust directed downward and the shaft is supported on hydrodynamic fluid film bearings using the process fluid as lubricant and coolant. The selection of process fluid, type of turbine, operating speed, system power rating, and cycle state points are uniquely coordinated to achieve high turbine efficiency at the temperature levels imposed by the recovery of waste heat from the more prevalent industrial processes.

Meacher, John S. (Ballston Lake, NY); Ruscitto, David E. (Ballston Spa, NY)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

90-MW single-shaft power generating steam-gas unit based on the GTÉ-65 gas turbine and K-30-60 steam turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This is an examination of a variant of the monoblock PGU-90 steam-gas unit developed at the “Leningradskii Metallicheskii Zavod” (LMZ) branch of “Silovye mashiny” based on a GTÉ-65 gas turbine unit and a K-30-...

A. S. Lebedev; O. V. Antonyuk; V. A. Mart’yanov…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Anticipatory control of turbine generators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Turbine Generators. (Nay 1971) Freddie Laurel Nessec, B. S. E. E, , Texas Tech University; Directed by: Professor J. S . Denison An investigation is made of the use of predicted loads in controlling turbine generators. A perturbation model of a turbine... generator is presented along with typical parameter values. A study is made of the effects of applying control action before a load change occurs. Two predictive control schemes are investi- gated using a load cycle which incorporates both ramp and step...

Messec, Freddie Laurel

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Gas turbine generators from India for Asian and world markets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL), in India, is an important producer of large industrial gas turbines in the Asian area. The company produces both GE frame type industrial gas turbines and Siemens design gas turbines for power generation service. Up to this time, BHEL has manufactured and supplied 68 gas turbine power generation units of GE design, ranging from Frame 1 to Frame 6 sizes, and two Siemens V94.2 gas turbines rated at 150 MW ISO. In addition, 15 gas turbine generating units are currently being manufactured. These include a large Frame 9 unit and a V94.2 gas turbine. This paper describes briefly some of the projects completed by the company.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Generating Resources Combined Cycle Combustion Turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

turbine (s) Heat recovery steam generator (s) - HRSG with or without duct firing Natural gas supply11/17/2014 1 Generating Resources Combined Cycle Combustion Turbine Utility Scale Solar PV Steven doing recently around two key supply-side resource technologies 1. Combined Cycle Combustion Turbine

9

Steam turbine/generator NDE workshop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On September 12--15, 1989, EPRI sponsored a workshop in Charlotte, North Carolina on steam turbine/generator rotating components. The approximate 185 attendees represented a broad spectrum of utilities, equipment manufactures, forging suppliers, service organizations, universities, insurance carriers, and consultants from the United States and abroad. Canada, England, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, Italy, Spain, and Sweden were represented at the workshop, and 81 of the attendees represented 44 domestic utilities. Nondestructive examination equipment demonstrations by 16 vendors and 2 utilities at the EPRI NDE Center complemented the technical presentation. In addition to 23 formal, technical presentations of prepared papers of specific topics, 8 tutorial presentations, plus various opening and closing remarks and addresses, were given at the workshop. Presentations were organized under the following general topics: bucket blades and/or attachment regions; retaining rings; wheels/disks; steam turbine/generator testing and evaluation; and tutorials. Each individual paper has been cataloged separately.

Nottingham, L.D.; Sabourin, P.F. (Jones (J.A.) Applied Research Co., Charlotte, NC (USA))

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Operation of a third generation wind turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A modern wind turbine was installed on May 26, 1982, at the USDA Conservation and Production Research Laboratory, Bushland, Texas. This wind machine was used to provide electrical energy for irrigation pumping and other agricultural loads. The wind turbine purchased for this research is an Enertech Model 44, manufactured by Enertech Corporation, Norwich, Vermont. The horizontal-axis wind turbine has a 13.4 m diameter, three-bladed, fixed-pitch rotor on a 24.4-m tower. The blades are laminated epoxy-wood, and are attached to a steel hub. A 25-kW induction generator provides 240 V, 60 Hz, single-phase electrical power. The wind turbine operated 64 percent of the time, while being available to operate over 94 percent of the time. The unit had a net energy production of over 80,000 kWh in an average windspeed of 5.9 m/s at a height of 10 m in a 16-month period. The blade pitch was originally offset two degrees from design to maintain power production within the limitations of the gearbox, generator, and brakes. A maximum output of 23.2 kW averaged over a 15-second period indicated that with a new brake, the system was capable of handling more power. After a new brake was installed, the blade pitch was changed to one degree from design. The maximum power output measured after the pitch change was 29.3 kW. Modified blade tip brakes were installed on the wind turbine on July 7, 1983. These tip brakes increased power production at lower windspeeds while reducing power at higher windspeeds.

Vosper, F.C.; Clark, R.N.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

ERCOT's Dynamic Model of Wind Turbine Generators: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By the end of 2003, the total installed wind farm capacity in the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) system was approximately 1 gigawatt (GW) and the total in the United States was about 5 GW. As the number of wind turbines installed throughout the United States increases, there is a greater need for dynamic wind turbine generator models that can properly model entire power systems for different types of analysis. This paper describes the ERCOT dynamic models and simulations of a simple network with different types of wind turbine models currently available.

Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C. P.; Conto, J.; Donoho, K.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Effect on the condition of the metal in A K-300-3.5 turbine owing to multicycle fatigue from participation of a power generating unit in grid frequency and power regulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect on the condition of the rotor material owing to multicycle fatigue caused by variable stresses during participation of a power generating unit in grid frequency and power regulation is evaluated using the K-300-23.5 steam turbine as an example. It is shown that during normalized primary frequency regulation the safety factor is at least 50, while during automatic secondary regulation of frequency and power there is essentially no damage to the metal.

Lebedeva, A. I.; Zorchenko, N. V.; Prudnikov, A. A.

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

13

NEXT GENERATION GAS TURBINE SYSTEMS STUDY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory, Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation has conducted a study of Next Generation Gas Turbine Systems that embraces the goals of the DOE's High Efficiency Engines and Turbines and Vision 21 programs. The Siemens Westinghouse Next Generation Gas Turbine (NGGT) Systems program was a 24-month study looking at the feasibility of a NGGT for the emerging deregulated distributed generation market. Initial efforts focused on a modular gas turbine using an innovative blend of proven technologies from the Siemens Westinghouse W501 series of gas turbines and new enabling technologies to serve a wide variety of applications. The flexibility to serve both 50-Hz and 60-Hz applications, use a wide range of fuels and be configured for peaking, intermediate and base load duty cycles was the ultimate goal. As the study progressed the emphasis shifted from a flexible gas turbine system of a specific size to a broader gas turbine technology focus. This shift in direction allowed for greater placement of technology among both the existing fleet and new engine designs, regardless of size, and will ultimately provide for greater public benefit. This report describes the study efforts and provides the resultant conclusions and recommendations for future technology development in collaboration with the DOE.

Benjamin C. Wiant; Ihor S. Diakunchak; Dennis A. Horazak; Harry T. Morehead

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Washington University Can the Sound Generated by Modern Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Washington University Can the Sound Generated by Modern Wind Turbines Affect the Health of Those turbines haveWind turbines have been getting biggerbeen getting bigger and bigger....and bigger.... Lars Needs Wind turbines are "green" and areWind turbines are "green" and are contributing to our energy

Salt, Alec N.

15

Next Generation Rooftop Unit  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Next Generation Rooftop Unit - Next Generation Rooftop Unit - CRADA Bo Shen Oak Ridge National Laboratory shenb@ornl.gov; 865-574-5745 April 3, 2013 ET R&D project in support of DOE/BTO Goal of 50% Reduction in Building Energy Use by 2030. CRADA project with Trane TOP US Commercial HVAC Equipment OEM 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: half of all US commercial floor space cooled by packaged AC units, consumes more than 1.0 Quad source energy/year; highly efficient systems needed

16

Next Generation Rooftop Unit  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Next Generation Rooftop Unit - Next Generation Rooftop Unit - CRADA Bo Shen Oak Ridge National Laboratory shenb@ornl.gov; 865-574-5745 April 3, 2013 ET R&D project in support of DOE/BTO Goal of 50% Reduction in Building Energy Use by 2030. CRADA project with Trane TOP US Commercial HVAC Equipment OEM 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: half of all US commercial floor space cooled by packaged AC units, consumes more than 1.0 Quad source energy/year; highly efficient systems needed

17

Turbine efficiency test on a large hydraulic turbine unit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The flow rate measurements are the most difficult part of efficiency tests on prototype hydraulic turbines. Among the numerous flow rate measurement methods ... the Winter Kennedy method is preferred for measurin...

ZongGuo Yan; LingJiu Zhou; ZhengWei Wang

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Low frequency noise from MW wind turbines --mechanisms of generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low frequency noise from MW wind turbines -- mechanisms of generation and its modeling Helge MW wind turbines -- mechanisms of generation and its modeling Department: Department of Wind Energy 3.6MW turbine 12 3.2 Noise as function of wind speed 12 3.3 Noise as function of rotor

19

Study of the UEO-50-4/12. 5 electrodialysis unit for use in providing coolant water for hydraulic turbine generators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Methods for obtaining water suitable for cooling hydraulic turbines in hydroelectric power plants are discussed. These methods are ionite desalination and electrodialysis. The desalination method was found to be unsatisfactory but the electrodialysis method was largely free of the disadvantages of the desalination method. The performance of the electrodialysis method is discussed.

Vysotskii, S.P.; Parykin, V.S.; Vlasova, S.A.; Keshelava, V.G.; Khodorchenko, Z.G.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

A Study of the Causes of the Service Fracture of Turbine Rotor Blade of Compressor Station Gas-Turbine Unit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On the basis of structural and fractographic the analysis of the fractured surface of working turbine blade of GTK-10-2 gas-turbine unit of compressor station it is established...

A. Ya. Krasovs’kyi; O. E. Gopkalo; I. O. Makovets’ka; O. O. Yanko

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Wind turbine power generation emulation via doubly fed induction generator control .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this thesis, we emulate a Wind Turbine Generator by driving a Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) via a DC motor with variable input torque… (more)

Edwards, Gregory W.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Low-grade geothermal energy conversion by organic Rankine cycle turbine generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports results of a demonstration project which helped determine the feasibility of converting low-grade thermal energy in 49/sup 0/C water into electrical energy via an organic Rankine cycle 2500 watt (electrical) turbine-generator. The geothermal source which supplied the water is located in a rural Alaskan village. The primary reasons an organic Rankine cycle turbine-generator was investigated as a possible source of electric power in rural Alaska are: high cost of operating diesel-electric units and their poor long-term reliability when high-quality maintenance is unavailable; and the extremely high level of long-term reliability reportedly attained by commercially available organic Rankine cycle turbines. The important contribution made by this project is data provided on the thermal and electrical operating characteristics of an experimental organic Rankine cycle turbine-generator operating at a uniquely low vaporizer temperature.

Zarling, J.P.; Aspnes, J.D.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Analysis and control of a nonlinear boiler-turbine unit Wen Tan a,*,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis and control of a nonlinear boiler-turbine unit Wen Tan a,*,1 , Horacio J. Marquez b, and the concept is applied to a boiler-turbine unit to analyze its dynamics. It is shown that the unit shows. Keywords: Boiler-turbine unit; Nonlinearity measure; Gap metric; Anti-windup bumpless transfer techniques

Marquez, Horacio J.

24

Steam turbine-generator outage interval extension  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the industry`s growing competitive climate, utilities are seeking ways to tap the economic benefits to be derived from maximizing intervals between major turbine-generator (T-G) inspections and overhauls--while ensuring protection of these assets. EPRI and others have developed a substantial body of technology which addresses many of the condition assessment issues that underlie T-G inspection and overhaul decisions. Examples include remaining life determination of critical components such as rotors and blades. While the initial focus of this technology had previously been to support T-G run-repair-replace decision making, this technology can also serve as a basis for run-inspect decisions. This paper describes EPRI`s initiative to develop and implement a T-G Health Management System. By providing key status reports reflecting the on-line health of critical components, in terms of life consumption, performance degradation and probability of failure, this system will provide a means to justify extending T-G operations between inspections and overhauls.

McCloskey, T.H. [Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA (United States); Pollard, M. [Carolina Power & Light Company, Raleigh, NC (United States); Dewey, R.; Roemer, M. [Stress Technology Inc., Rochester, NY (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Experimental and numerical study of gas dynamics of exhaust pipe of gas turbine unit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A few geometrical configurations of exhaust pipe of marine gas turbine unit were investigated experimentally in NPP “Mashproeykt...

Valery Solodov; Juriy Starodubtsev; Boris Isakov…

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

EEMD-based wind turbine bearing failure detection using the generator stator current homopolar component  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EEMD-based wind turbine bearing failure detection using the generator stator current homopolar turbine generators for stationary and non stationary cases. Keyword: Wind turbine, induction generator on the installed equipment because they are hardly accessible or even inaccessible [1]. 1.1. Wind turbine failure

Boyer, Edmond

27

Process-circuit and layout solutions for steam-turbine units and performance efficiency of thermal power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Criteria for evaluating process-circuit and layout solutions adopted in designing steam-turbine units are presented together with their values for a number of steam-turbine units produced by the Ural Turbine Work...

A. A. Gol’dberg; T. L. Shibaev

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

A multi-level simulation platform of natural gas internal reforming solid oxide fuel cell–gas turbine hybrid generation system – Part II. Balancing units model library and system simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Following our integrated hierarchical modeling framework of natural gas internal reforming solid oxide fuel cell (IRSOFC), this paper firstly introduces the model libraries of main balancing units, including some state-of-the-art achievements and our specific work. Based on gPROMS programming code, flexible configuration and modular design are fully realized by specifying graphically all unit models in each level. Via comparison with the steady-state experimental data of Siemens–Westinghouse demonstration system, the in-house multi-level SOFC–gas turbine (GT) simulation platform is validated to be more accurate than the advanced power system analysis tool (APSAT). Moreover, some units of the demonstration system are designed reversely for analysis of a typically part-load transient process. The framework of distributed and dynamic modeling in most of units is significant for the development of control strategies in the future.

Cheng Bao; Ningsheng Cai; Eric Croiset

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Operating experience feedback report -- turbine-generator overspeed protection systems: Commercial power reactors. Volume 11  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s Office for Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data (AEOD) review of operating experience of main turbine-generator overspeed and overspeed protection systems. It includes an indepth examination of the turbine overspeed event which occurred on November 9, 1991, at the Salem Unit 2 Nuclear Power Plant. It also provides information concerning actions taken by other utilities and the turbine manufacturers as a result of the Salem overspeed event. AEOD`s study reviewed operating procedures and plant practices. It noted differences between turbine manufacturer designs and recommendations for operations, maintenance, and testing, and also identified significant variations in the manner that individual plants maintain and test their turbine overspeed protection systems. AEOD`s study provides insight into the shortcomings in the design, operation, maintenance, testing, and human factors associated with turbine overspeed protection systems. Operating experience indicates that the frequency of turbine overspeed events is higher than previously thought and that the bases for demonstrating compliance with NRC`s General Design Criterion (GDC) 4, Environmental and dynamic effects design bases, may be nonconservative with respect to the assumed frequency.

Ornstein, H.L.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Doubly-fed induction generator torque in wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The field oriented doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) is being increasingly used in variable speed wind turbines. It is therefore indispensable to become better acquainted with electrical and mechanical DFIG features in both stationary and dynamic ... Keywords: doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG), torque characteristic of DFIG

Jurica Smajo; Dinko Vukadinovic

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Modelling and Analysis of Variable Speed Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling and Analysis of Variable Speed Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid Fault Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid Fault by Sigrid M. Bolik Institute of Energy turbine technology has undergone rapid developments. Growth in size and the optimization of wind turbines

Hansen, René Rydhof

32

Next Generation Rooftop Unit | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Generation Rooftop Unit A typical commercial rooftop air-conditioning unit (RTU) Credit: Oak Ridge National Lab A typical commercial rooftop air-conditioning unit (RTU) Credit:...

33

Methods and apparatus for cooling wind turbine generators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind turbine generator includes a stator having a core and a plurality of stator windings circumferentially spaced about a generator longitudinal axis. A rotor is rotatable about the generator longitudinal axis, and the rotor includes a plurality of magnetic elements coupled to the rotor and cooperating with the stator windings. The magnetic elements are configured to generate a magnetic field and the stator windings are configured to interact with the magnetic field to generate a voltage in the stator windings. A heat pipe assembly thermally engaging one of the stator and the rotor to dissipate heat generated in the stator or rotor.

Salamah, Samir A. (Niskayuna, NY); Gadre, Aniruddha Dattatraya (Rexford, NY); Garg, Jivtesh (Schenectady, NY); Bagepalli, Bharat Sampathkumaran (Niskayuna, NY); Jansen, Patrick Lee (Alplaus, NY); Carl, Jr., Ralph James (Clifton Park, NY)

2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

34

DC Connected Hybrid Offshore-Wind and Tidal Turbine Generation System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

“Hybrid Offshore-wind and Tidal Turbine” (HOTT) generation system (Rahman and ... interconnecting method for a DC side cluster of wind and tidal turbine generators system are proposed. This method can be achieved...

Mohammad Lutfur Rahman; Yasuyuki Shirai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Studying the advisability of using gas-turbine unit waste gases for heating feed water in a steam turbine installation with a type T-110/120-12.8 turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results of calculation studying of a possibility of topping of a steam-turbine unit (STU) with a type T-110/120-12.8 turbine of the Urals Turbine Works (UTZ) by a gas-turbine unit (GTU) of 25-MW capacity the wast...

A. D. Trukhnii; G. D. Barinberg; Yu. A. Rusetskii

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

EA-1857: Wind Turbine Power Generation Complex at Idaho National Laboratory  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA would evaluate the environmental impacts of the proposed wind turbine power generation complex at Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho.

37

SHORT TERM PREDICTIONS FOR THE POWER OUTPUT OF ENSEMBLES OF WIND TURBINES AND PV-GENERATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SHORT TERM PREDICTIONS FOR THE POWER OUTPUT OF ENSEMBLES OF WIND TURBINES AND PV-GENERATORS Hans. For the conventional power park, the power production of the wind turbines presents a fluctuating 'negative load PRODUCTION OF WIND TURBINES For the forecast of the power production of wind turbines two approaches may

Heinemann, Detlev

38

A Systemic Design Methodology of PM Generators for Fixed-Pitch Marine Current Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Systemic Design Methodology of PM Generators for Fixed-Pitch Marine Current Turbines Sofiane of permanent magnet (PM) generator associated with fixed-pitch turbine for tidal energy generation. The main problem with marine current turbines systems are the maintenance requirements of the drive

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

39

Testing Small Wind Turbine Generators: Design of a Driving Dynamometer Stephen Rehmeyer Pepe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Testing Small Wind Turbine Generators: Design of a Driving Dynamometer by Stephen Rehmeyer Pepe Sc, Berkeley Spring 2007 #12;Testing Small Wind Turbine Generators: Design of a Driving Dynamometer Copyright c 2007 by Stephen Rehmeyer Pepe #12;Abstract Testing Small Wind Turbine Generators: Design of a Driving

Kammen, Daniel M.

40

Improving the Capacity or Output of a Steam Turbine Generator at XYZ Power Plant in Illinois  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and capacitance mapping ? Performed wedge tightness check by means of manual tap test ? Performed RTD functioning test ? Cleaned generator brush rigging ? Inspected generator brush rigging for signs of heating, arcing or other damage... turbine with a net generating rating of 366MW. The unit began commercial operation in 1976. Coal is received by rail and limestone by rail by rail or truck. Rail cars are unloaded in a rotary car dumper at a rate of 20-25 cars per hour. A 30 day...

Amoo-Otoo, John Kweku

2006-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Advances in steam turbine technology for the power generation industry. PWR-Volume 26  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a collection of the papers on advances in steam turbine technology for the power generation industry presented at the 1994 International Joint Power Generation Conference. The topics include advances in steam turbine design, application of computational fluid dynamics to turbine aerodynamic design, life extension of fossil and nuclear powered steam turbine generators, solid particle erosion control technologies, and artificial intelligence, monitoring and diagnostics.

Moore, W.G. [ed.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

42

Specific features of the schematic solutions adopted in the steam turbine units produced by the Ural Turbine Works and used as part of combined-cycle plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Specific features of the schematic solutions adopted in the steam turbine units designed and produced by the Ural Turbine Works for use as part of combined-cycle plants are considered.

A. A. Gol’dberg; T. L. Shibaev; H. C. Paneque Aguilera…

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Wind Turbines Condition Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis Using Generator Current Amplitude  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Turbines Condition Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis Using Generator Current Amplitude in the research of renewable energy sources. In order to make wind turbines as competitive as the classical detection in a Doubly-Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) based wind turbine for stationary and nonstationary

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

44

Preliminary design and viability consideration of external, shroud-based stators in wind turbine generators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Horizontal-axis wind turbine designs often included gearboxes or large direct-drive generators to compensate for the low peripheral speeds of the turbine hub. To take advantage of high blade tip speeds, an alternative ...

Shoemaker-Trejo, Nathaniel (Nathaniel Joseph)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Coupled Dynamic Analysis of Multiple Unit Floating Offshore Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MUFOWT analysis tool is able to compute any type of floating platform with various kinds of horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWT). Individual control of each turbine is also available and the different structural properties of tower and blades can...

Bae, Yoon Hyeok

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

46

Cooled turbine blades in the GTÉ-65 gas turbine power unit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experience with the development, study, and manufacturing of cooled blades for the GTÉ-65 high temperature gas turbine is described.

V. V. Rtishchev; V. V. Krivonosova; Yu. M. Sundukov…

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Apparatus and methods of reheating gas turbine cooling steam and high pressure steam turbine exhaust in a combined cycle power generating system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a combined cycle system having a multi-pressure heat recovery steam generator, a gas turbine and steam turbine, steam for cooling gas turbine components is supplied from the intermediate pressure section of the heat recovery steam generator supplemented by a portion of the steam exhausting from the HP section of the steam turbine, steam from the gas turbine cooling cycle and the exhaust from the HP section of the steam turbine are combined for flow through a reheat section of the HRSG. The reheated steam is supplied to the IP section inlet of the steam turbine. Thus, where gas turbine cooling steam temperature is lower than optimum, a net improvement in performance is achieved by flowing the cooling steam exhausting from the gas turbine and the exhaust steam from the high pressure section of the steam turbine in series through the reheater of the HRSG for applying steam at optimum temperature to the IP section of the steam turbine.

Tomlinson, Leroy Omar (Niskayuna, NY); Smith, Raub Warfield (Ballston Lake, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Reference value choice of the wind turbine active power with doubly-fed induction generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The variable speed wind turbine with doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) is today widely used concept. This paper presents a control system of the DFIG wind turbine with focus on the control strategies and on active power reference value choice. The ... Keywords: DFIG, dynamic simulation, reference value of active power, wind turbine

J. Smajo; M. Smajo; D. Vukadinovic

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Variable speed wind turbine generator with zero-sequence filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable speed wind turbine generator system to convert mechanical power into electrical power or energy and to recover the electrical power or energy in the form of three phase alternating current and return the power or energy to a utility or other load with single phase sinusoidal waveform at sixty (60) hertz and unity power factor includes an excitation controller for generating three phase commanded current, a generator, and a zero sequence filter. Each commanded current signal includes two components: a positive sequence variable frequency current signal to provide the balanced three phase excitation currents required in the stator windings of the generator to generate the rotating magnetic field needed to recover an optimum level of real power from the generator; and a zero frequency sixty (60) hertz current signal to allow the real power generated by the generator to be supplied to the utility. The positive sequence current signals are balanced three phase signals and are prevented from entering the utility by the zero sequence filter. The zero sequence current signals have zero phase displacement from each other and are prevented from entering the generator by the star connected stator windings. The zero sequence filter allows the zero sequence current signals to pass through to deliver power to the utility. 14 figs.

Muljadi, E.

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

50

Variable Speed Wind Turbine Generator with Zero-sequence Filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable speed wind turbine generator system to convert mechanical power into electrical power or energy and to recover the electrical power or energy in the form of three phase alternating current and return the power or energy to a utility or other load with single phase sinusoidal waveform at sixty (60) hertz and unity power factor includes an excitation controller for generating three phase commanded current, a generator, and a zero sequence filter. Each commanded current signal includes two components: a positive sequence variable frequency current signal to provide the balanced three phase excitation currents required in the stator windings of the generator to generate the rotating magnetic field needed to recover an optimum level of real power from the generator; and a zero frequency sixty (60) hertz current signal to allow the real power generated by the generator to be supplied to the utility. The positive sequence current signals are balanced three phase signals and are prevented from entering the utility by the zero sequence filter. The zero sequence current signals have zero phase displacement from each other and are prevented from entering the generator by the star connected stator windings. The zero sequence filter allows the zero sequence current signals to pass through to deliver power to the utility.

Muljadi, Eduard (Golden, CO)

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

51

Variable speed wind turbine generator with zero-sequence filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable speed wind turbine generator system to convert mechanical power into electrical power or energy and to recover the electrical power or energy in the form of three phase alternating current and return the power or energy to a utility or other load with single phase sinusoidal waveform at sixty (60) hertz and unity power factor includes an excitation controller for generating three phase commanded current, a generator, and a zero sequence filter. Each commanded current signal includes two components: a positive sequence variable frequency current signal to provide the balanced three phase excitation currents required in the stator windings of the generator to generate the rotating magnetic field needed to recover an optimum level of real power from the generator; and a zero frequency sixty (60) hertz current signal to allow the real power generated by the generator to be supplied to the utility. The positive sequence current signals are balanced three phase signals and are prevented from entering the utility by the zero sequence filter. The zero sequence current signals have zero phase displacement from each other and are prevented from entering the generator by the star connected stator windings. The zero sequence filter allows the zero sequence current signals to pass through to deliver power to the utility.

Muljadi, Eduard (Golden, CO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

The Future of Combustion Turbine Technology for Industrial and Utility Power Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gasification-based combustion turbine systems. The paper dmws heavily from a technical, economic, and business analysis, Combustion Turbine Power Systems, recently completed by SFA Pacific. The analysis was sponsored by an international group of energy...-14, 1994 Coupled with gasification, combustion turbine power generation also may provide attractive opportunities for other fuels, such as low-value residual oils and petroleum coke. Residual oil firing of boilers in large steam turbine-based power...

Karp, A. D.; Simbeck, D. R.

53

Consider Installing High-Pressure Boilers with Backpressure Turbine-Generators  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This tip sheet outlines the benefits of high-pressure boilers with backpressure turbine-generators as part of optimized steam systems.

54

A distributed parameter model for the torsional vibration analysis of turbine-generator shafts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A distributed parameter model is presented for the calculation of torsional vibrations of large turbine-generator shafts, on the basis of electrical analogy...

A. Deri; L. Kiss; G. Toth

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Grid Connected Doubly Fed Induction Generator Based Wind Turbine under LVRT.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This project concentrates on the Low Voltage Ride Through (LVRT) capability of Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) wind turbine. The main attention in the project… (more)

Subramanian, Chandrasekaran and#60;1983and#62

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Suppression of harmonic perturbations and bifurcation control in tracking objectives of a boiler–turbine unit in power grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the presence of harmonic disturbances, boiler–turbine units may demonstrate quasi-periodic behaviour due to the occurrence of various types of bifurcation. In this article, a nonlinear model of boiler–turbine ...

Hamed Moradi; Gholamreza Vossoughi; Aria Alasty

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Gas-turbine units of OAO Aviadvigatel’ designed for operation on synthesis gas obtained from gasification of coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Problems that have to be solved for adapting a 16-MW gas-turbine unit used as part of a gas turbine-based power station for firing low-grade...

D. D. Sulimov

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Next Generation Rooftop Unit | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Next Generation Rooftop Unit Next Generation Rooftop Unit Next Generation Rooftop Unit The U.S. Department of Energy is currently conducting research in a next generation rooftop unit (RTU). More than half of U.S. commercial building space is cooled by packaged heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) equipment. Existing rooftop HVAC units consume more than 1.3% of the United States' annual energy usage annually. Project Description This project seeks to evaluate optimal design strategies for significantly improving the efficiency of rooftop units. The primary market for this project is commercial buildings, such as supermarkets and hotels. Project Partners Research is being undertaken through a cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) between the Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National

59

Turbine Drive Gas Generator for Zero Emission Power Plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Vision 21 Program seeks technology development that can reduce energy costs, reduce or eliminate atmospheric pollutants from power plants, provide choices of alternative fuels, and increase the efficiency of generating systems. Clean Energy Systems is developing a gas generator to replace the traditional boiler in steam driven power systems. The gas generator offers the prospects of lower electrical costs, pollution free plant operations, choices of alternative fuels, and eventual net plant efficiencies in excess of 60% with sequestration of carbon dioxide. The technology underlying the gas generator has been developed in the aerospace industry over the past 30 years and is mature in aerospace applications, but it is as yet unused in the power industry. This project modifies and repackages aerospace gas generator technology for power generation applications. The purposes of this project are: (1) design a 10 MW gas generator and ancillary hardware, (2) fabricate the gas generator and supporting equipment, (3) test the gas generator using methane as fuel, (4) submit a final report describing the project and test results. The principal test objectives are: (1) define start-up, shut down and post shutdown control sequences for safe, efficient operation; (2) demonstrate the production of turbine drive gas comprising steam and carbon dioxide in the temperature range 1500 F to 3000 F, at a nominal pressure of 1500 psia; (3) measure and verify the constituents of the drive gas; and (4) examine the critical hardware components for indications of life limitations. The 21 month program is in its 13th month. Design work is completed and fabrication is in process. The gas generator igniter is a torch igniter with sparkplug, which is currently under-going hot fire testing. Fabrication of the injector and body of the gas generator is expected to be completed by year-end, and testing of the full gas generator will begin in early 2002. Several months of testing are anticipated. When demonstrated, this gas generator will be the prototype for use in demonstration power plants planned to be built in Antioch, California and in southern California during 2002. In these plants the gas generator will demonstrate durability and its operational RAM characteristics. In 2003, it is expected that the gas generator will be employed in new operating plants primarily in clean air non-attainment areas, and in possible locations to provide large quantities of high quality carbon dioxide for use in enhanced oil recovery or coal bed methane recovery. Coupled with an emission free coal gasification system, the CES gas generator would enable the operation of high efficiency, non-polluting coal-fueled power plants.

Doyle, Stephen E.; Anderson, Roger E.

2001-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

60

United States Launches First Grid-Connected Offshore Wind Turbine...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

partners conducted extensive design, engineering, and testing of floating offshore wind turbines, then constructed and deployed its 65-foot-tall VolturnUS prototype. At a scale of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A doubly-fed permanent magnet generator for wind turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimum extraction of energy from a wind turbine requires that turbine speed vary with wind speed. Existing solutions to produce constant-frequency electrical output under windspeed variations are undesirable due to ...

Thomas, Andrew J. (Andrew Joseph), 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Pitch-Controlled Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Generation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pitch-Controlled Variable-Speed Pitch-Controlled Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Generation February 2000 * NREL/CP-500-27143 E. Muljadi and C.P. Butterfield Presented at the 1999 IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting Phoenix, Arizona October 3-7, 1999 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute * * * * Battelle * * * * Bechtel Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Midwest Research Institute (MRI), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-99GO10337. Accordingly, the US Government and MRI retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes.

63

Controller for a small induction-generator based wind-turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Design of a low-cost micro-controller for a small induction-generator based grid-connected wind-turbine is presented in this paper. The controller senses the parameters of the wind-turbine generator and the grid, and makes decisions about grid connection and disconnection. Low-cost instrumentation circuitry has been developed to measure the generator and grid parameters. Based on the measurement of voltage and frequency of the wind-turbine generator and the grid side, a control decision is taken to connect the system to the grid. The controller makes decision to disconnect the system from the grid based on the power flow measurement between the wind turbine and the grid. The power flow between wind turbine and the grid depends upon the availability of the wind. The prototype controller has been developed based on a micro-controller PIC16F877 and has been tested in the laboratory.

R. Ahshan; M.T. Iqbal; George K.I. Mann

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Simulation of a new grid-connected hybrid generation system with Stirling engine and wind turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A detail model including all mechanical and electrical aspects is necessary to fully study hybrid grid operation. In this paper a new grid-connected hybrid generation system with a Stirling engine and a wind turbine which are connected to a grid through a common dc bus is presented. The Stirling is more efficient than photo voltaic array and its combination with the wind turbine can create an efficient hybrid system. Fatigue Aerodynamics Structures and Turbulence and Simulink/MATLAB are used to model the mechanical parts of the wind turbine Stirling engine and electrical parts. Field oriented control method is developed on voltage source converter. Power signal feedback method is implemented to determine generators reference shaft speed in hybrid system. Permanent magnet synchronous generator is used in the wind turbine and Stirling engine. Simulation results show that a new hybrid generation system with Stirling and wind turbine can work like other hybrid system and has suitable performance.

H. Shariatpanah; M. Zareian Jahromi; R. Fadaeinedjad

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Wind Turbine Generator System Duration Test Report for the ARE 442 Wind Turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This test is being conducted as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Independent Testing project. This project was established to help reduce the barriers of wind energy expansion by providing independent testing results for small turbines. In total, four turbines are being tested at the NWTC as a part of this project. Duration testing is one of up to 5 tests that may be performed on the turbines, including power performance, safety and function, noise, and power quality tests. The results of the testing provide manufacturers with reports that may be used for small wind turbine certification. The test equipment includes a grid connected ARE 442 wind turbine mounted on a 30.5 meter (100 ft) lattice tower manufactured by Abundant Renewable Energy. The system was installed by the NWTC Site Operations group with guidance and assistance from Abundant Renewable Energy.

van Dam, J.; Baker, D.; Jager, D.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Renewable Electricity Generation in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper provides an overview of the use of renewable energy sources to generate electricity in the United States and a critical analysis of the federal and state policies that have supported the deployment of renewable ...

Schmalensee, Richard

67

Hydrogen Turbines | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hydrogen Turbines Hydrogen Turbines Hydrogen Turbines Hydrogen Turbines The Turbines of Tomorrow Combustion (gas) turbines are key components of advanced systems designed for new electric power plants in the United States. With gas turbines, power plants will supply clean, increasingly fuel-efficient, and relatively low-cost energy. Typically, a natural gas-fired combustion turbine-generator operating in a "simple cycle" converts between 25 and 35 percent of the natural gas heating value to useable electricity. Today, most new smaller power plants also install a recuperator to capture waste heat from the turbine's exhaust to preheat combustion air and boost efficiencies. In most of the new larger plants, a "heat recovery steam generator" is installed to recover waste

68

Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... with his torical notes and some explanations of the principles involved in the working of turbines. This is fol lowed by three chapters on water-wheels, ... . This is fol lowed by three chapters on water-wheels, turbine pumps, and water ...

1922-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

69

Turbine set with a generator feeding a network of constant frequency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a turbine set with an axial flow which is traversed by water and which is coupled to a generator feeding a network of constant frequency, the flow turbine is a propeller turbine with nonadjustable blades. The stator winding of the generator is connected to the network by means of a frequency-controllable converter, in particular a direct converter. The speed of rotation of the turbine set is controllable continuously according to the power to be delivered. In the case of an asynchronous design of the generator, it is advisable to provide the stator with a waterproof jacket on the inside and to flange it into the turbine tube, since the rotor with its cage winding is swept by water.

Spirk, F.

1983-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

70

A Comparative Study of Modular Axial Flux Podded Generators for Marine Current Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for MCTs. For that purpose, a comparative study is proposed, to assess modular axial flux permanent magnet current turbine, axial flux permanent magnet generator, design, optimization. Nomenclature MCT = Marine Current Turbine; AFPM = Axial Flux Permanent Magnet. I. Introduction Marine energy has become an issue

Brest, Université de

71

Waves Transmission and Generation in Turbine Stages in a Combustion-Noise Framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the acoustic behavior of the turbine blade rows must be known to evaluate the noise due to combustionWaves Transmission and Generation in Turbine Stages in a Combustion-Noise Framework M. Leyko SNECMA-engines could have two different origins: (a) the well-known direct combustion noise,2 which is directly

Nicoud, Franck

72

Floating axis wind turbines for offshore power generation—a conceptual study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The cost of energy produced by offshore wind turbines is considered to be higher than land based ones because of the difficulties in construction, operation and maintenance on offshore sites. To solve the problem, we propose a concept of a wind turbine that is specially designed for an offshore environment. In the proposed concept, a floater of revolutionary shape supports the load of the wind turbine axis. The floater rotates with the turbine and the turbine axis tilts to balance the turbine thrust, buoyancy and gravity. The tilt angle is passively adjustable to wind force. The angle is 30° at rated power. The simplicity of the system leads to further cost reduction of offshore power generation.

Hiromichi Akimoto; Kenji Tanaka; Kiyoshi Uzawa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Compressor and Turbine Models of Brayton Units for Space Nuclear Power Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Closed Brayton Cycles with centrifugal flow, single-shaft turbo-machines are being considered, with gas cooled nuclear reactors, to provide 10's to 100's of electrical power to support future space exploration missions and Lunar and Mars outposts. Such power system analysis is typically based on the cycle thermodynamics, for given operating pressures and temperatures and assumed polytropic efficiencies of the compressor and turbine of the Brayton energy conversion units. Thus the analysis results not suitable for modeling operation transients such as startup and changes in the electric load. To simulate these transients, accurate models of the turbine and compressor in the Brayton rotating unit, which calculate the changes in the compressor and turbine efficiencies with system operation are needed. This paper presents flow models that account for the design and dimensions of the compressor impeller and diffuser, and the turbine stator and rotor blades. These models calculate the various enthalpy losses and the polytropic efficiencies along with the pressure ratios of the turbine and compressor. The predictions of these models compare well with reported performance data of actual hardware. In addition, the results of a parametric analysis to map the operations of the compressor and turbine, as functions of the rotating shaft speed and inlet Mach number of the gas working fluid, are presented and discussed. The analysis used a binary mixture of He-Xe with a molecular weight of 40 g/mole as the working fluid.

Gallo, Bruno M.; El-Genk, Mohamed S.; Tournier, Jean-Michel [Institute for Space and Nuclear Power Studies, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, 87131 (United States); Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Department, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, 87131 (United States)

2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

74

Permanent Magnet Generators (PMG) for Wind Turbines and Micro Hydro Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are essential differences in the design of systems for water/air flow kinetic energy conversion into mechanical energy. First of all, speeds of rotation of the turbine rotors are different: the speed of tho...

Ion Bostan; Adrian Gheorghe; Valeriu Dulgheru; Ion Sobor…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

ADVANCED EXERGY ANALYSIS APPLIED TO THE GAS-TURBINE BASED CO-GENERATION SYSTEM.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The thesis focuses on the evaluation and improvement of a gas-turbine based co-generation system, from an exergetic point of view. A conventional exergy analysis has… (more)

AZZARELLI, GIUSEPPE

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Testing of power-generating gas-turbine plants at Russian electric power stations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper cites results of thermal testing of various types and designs of power-generating gas-turbine plants (GTP), which have been placed in service at electric-power stations in Russia in recent years. Therm...

G. G. Ol’khovskii; A. V. Ageev; S. V. Malakhov…

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

An analytic electromagnetic calculation method for performance evolution of doubly fed induction generators for wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An analytic electromagnetic calculation method for doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) in wind turbine system was presented. ... steady state equivalent circuit and basic equations of DFIG, the modeling for ele...

Wen-juan Zhang ???; Shou-dao Huang ???; Jian Gao ??…

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

On Impedance Spectroscopy Contribution to Failure Diagnosis in Wind Turbine Generators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-fed induction generator, failure diagnosis, impedance spectroscopy. Nomenclature WT = Wind Turbine; DFIG rotor end- rings and harmonic degrading. In particular, DFIG-based WT failure diagnosis seems to become

Boyer, Edmond

79

A market and engineering study of a 3-kilowatt class gas turbine generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Market and engineering studies were performed for the world's only commercially available 3 kW class gas turbine generator, the IHI Aerospace Dynajet. The objectives of the market study were to determine the competitive ...

Monroe, Mark A. (Mark Alan)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Return on capital and earned carbon credit by hybrid solar Photovoltaic—wind turbine generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a methodology to optimise a hybrid solar Photovoltaic—wind turbine generator for the villages situated in ... of India. Owing to good insolation and wind density, the hybrid system composed of...

Prabhakant; Basant Agrawal; G. N. Tiwari

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Aerodynamic effects on TLP type wind turbines and predictions of the electricity they generate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This research proposes a new offshore wind energy generation system that uses a tension ... and describes experiments performed on a TLP type wind turbine in both waves and wind. The following conclusions can be ...

Yasunori Nihei; Hiroyuki Fujioka

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Superconducting generators for large off shore wind turbines   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes four novel superconducting machine concepts, in the pursuit of finding a suitable design for large offshore wind turbines. The designs should be reliable, modular and light-weight. The main novelty ...

Keysan, Ozan

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

83

A 25 kWe low concentration methane catalytic combustion gas turbine prototype unit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Low concentration methane, emitted from various industries e.g. coal mines and landfills into atmosphere, is not only an important greenhouse gas, but also a wasted energy resource if not utilized. In the past decade, we have been developing a novel VAMCAT (ventilation air methane catalytic combustion gas turbine) technology. This turbine technology can be used to mitigate methane emissions for greenhouse gas reduction, and also to utilize the low concentration methane as an energy source. This paper presents our latest research results on the development and demonstration of a 25 kWe lean burn catalytic combustion gas turbine prototype unit. Recent experimental results show that the unit can be operated with 0.8 vol% of methane in air, producing about 19–21 kWe of electricity output.

Shi Su; Xinxiang Yu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Optimal Controller Design of a Wind Turbine with Doubly Fed Induction Generator for Small Signal Stability Enhancement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multi-objective optimal controller design of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) wind turbine system using Differential Evolution ( ... this chapter. A detailed mathematical model of DFIG wind turbine with a ...

Lihui Yang; Guang Ya Yang; Zhao Xu; Zhao Yang Dong; Yusheng Xue

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Effect of HVDC line faults on transient torsional torques of turbine-generator shafts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates the effects of HVdc line faults, line de-energization, and line re-energization on the transient torsional stresses of steam turbine-generator (T-G) units. The studies are conducted on a bipole HVdc system which connects a T-G set to a large ac system. The shaft transient stresses of the T-G set as a result of HVac line fault, fault clearing, and automatic reclosure are also determined when the HVdc transmission system is replaced by an equivalent double-line HVac system. The EMTDC program is used for the simulation studies. The studies conclude that transient shaft stresses as a result of HVdc line fault and its subsequent switching events are (1) significantly less severe than those of HVac faults and subsequent switchings, and (2) not sensitive to the fault location and disturbance duration.

Shi, W. (Xi'an Jiaotong Univ. (China). Dept. of Electrical Engineering); Iravani, M.R. (Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering)

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

An integrated computer-based training simulator for the operative personnel of the 800-MW power-generating unit at the Perm District Power Station  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The integrated computer-based training simulator for an 800-MW power-generating unit is described. Its capacities for training the personnel of the boiler-turbine and chemical departments are shown.

N. Yu. Pevneva; V. N. Piskov; A. N. Zenkov

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

An Advanced Diagnostic and Prognostic System for Gas Turbine Generator Sets with Experimental Validation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Diagnostic and Prognostic System for Gas Diagnostic and Prognostic System for Gas Turbine Generator Sets with Experimental Validation Clemson University John R. Wagner, Ph.D., P.E. SCIES Project 03-01-SR108 DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT DE-FC26-02NT41431 Tom J. George, Program Manager, DOE/NETL Richard Wenglarz, Manager of Research, SCIES Project Awarded (07/01/2003, 36 Month Duration) $319,479 Total Contract Value ($319,479 DOE) Clemson Presentation 10-19-2005 J.W. Gas Turbine Need * The Reliability, Availability, and Maintainability (RAM) technical area within High Efficiency Engines and Turbines (HEET) Program encompasses the design of gas turbine health management systems * The introduction of real-time diagnostic and prognostic capabilities on gas turbines can provide increased reliability, safety, and efficiency

88

A Silicon-Based Micro Gas Turbine Engine for Power Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper reports on our research in developing a micro power generation system based on gas turbine engine and piezoelectric converter. The micro gas turbine engine consists of a micro combustor, a turbine and a centrifugal compressor. Comprehensive simulation has been implemented to optimal the component design. We have successfully demonstrated a silicon-based micro combustor, which consists of seven layers of silicon structures. A hairpin-shaped design is applied to the fuel/air recirculation channel. The micro combustor can sustain a stable combustion with an exit temperature as high as 1600 K. We have also successfully developed a micro turbine device, which is equipped with enhanced micro air-bearings and driven by compressed air. A rotation speed of 15,000 rpm has been demonstrated during lab test. In this paper, we will introduce our research results major in the development of micro combustor and micro turbine test device.

Shan, X -C; Maeda, R; Sun, Y F; Wu, M; Hua, J S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Comparative Assessment of Direct Drive High Temperature Superconducting Generators in Multi-Megawatt Class Wind Turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the work completed under the CRADA between NREL and American Superconductor (AMSC). The CRADA combined NREL and AMSC resources to benchmark high temperature superconducting direct drive (HTSDD) generator technology by integrating the technologies into a conceptual wind turbine design, and comparing the design to geared drive and permanent magnet direct drive (PMDD) wind turbine configurations. Analysis was accomplished by upgrading the NREL Wind Turbine Design Cost and Scaling Model to represent geared and PMDD turbines at machine ratings up to 10 MW and then comparing cost and mass figures of AMSC's HTSDD wind turbine designs to theoretical geared and PMDD turbine designs at 3.1, 6, and 10 MW sizes. Based on the cost and performance data supplied by AMSC, HTSDD technology has good potential to compete successfully as an alternative technology to PMDD and geared technology turbines in the multi megawatt classes. In addition, data suggests the economics of HTSDD turbines improve with increasing size, although several uncertainties remain for all machines in the 6 to 10 MW class.

Maples, B.; Hand, M.; Musial, W.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Design of a wind turbine-generator system considering the conformability to wind velocity fluctuations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The conformability of the rated power output of the wind turbine-generator system and of the wind turbine type to wind velocity fluctuations are investigated with a simulation model. The authors examine three types of wind turbines: the Darrieus-Savonius hybrid, the Darrieus proper and the Propeller. These systems are mainly operated at a constant tip speed ratio, which refers to a maximum power coefficient points. As a computed result of the net extracting power, the Darrieus turbine proper has little conformability to wind velocity fluctuations because of its output characteristics. As for the other turbines, large-scale systems do not always have an advantage over small-scale systems as the effect of its dynamic characteristics. Furthermore, it is confirmed that the net extracting power of the Propeller turbine, under wind direction fluctuation, is much reduced when compared with the hybrid wind turbine. Thus, the authors conclude that the appropriate rated power output of the system exists with relation to the wind turbine type for each wind condition.

Wakui, Tetsuya; Hashizume, Takumi; Outa, Eisuke

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Candidate wind turbine generator site: annual data summary, January 1981-December 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Summarized hourly meteorological data for 34 candidate and wind turbine generator sites for calendar year 1981 are presented. These data are collected for the purpose of evaluating the wind energy potential at these sites and are used to assist in selection of potential sites for installation and testing of large wind turbines in electric utility systems. For each site, wind speed, direction, and distribution data are given in eight tables. Use of information from these tables, with information about specific wind turbines, should allow the user to estimate the potential for wind energy production at each site.

Sandusky, W.F.; Buck, J.W.; Renne, D.S.; Hadley, D.L.; Abbey, O.B.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Backgrounder: Geothermal resource production, steam gathering, and power generation at Salton Sea Unit 3, Calipatria, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 10,000-kilowatt Salton Sea Unit 1 power plant was designed to demonstrate that electrical power generation, using the highly saline brines from the Salton Sea geothermal reservoir, was technically and economically feasible. Unit 1, owned by Earth Energy, a Unocal subsidiary, began operating in 1982, initiating an intensive testing program which established the design criteria necessary to construct the larger 47,500-kilowatt Unit 3 power plant, unit 3 contains many of the proprietary or patented technological innovations developed during this program. Design, construction and start-up of the Unit 3 power generating facility began in December, 1986, and was completed in 26 months. By the end of 1988, the brine handling system was in full operation, and the turbine had been tested at design speed. Desert Power Company, a Unocal subsidiary, owns the power generating facility. Unocal owns the brine resource production facility. Power is transmitted by the Imperial Irrigation District to Southern California Edison Company.

None

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

EIS-0006: Wind Turbine Generator System, Block Island, Rhode Island  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy prepared this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts of installing and operating a large experimental wind turbine, designated the MOD-OA, which is proposed to be installed on a knoll in Rhode Island's New Meadow Hill Swamp, integrated with the adjacent Block Island Power Company power plant and operated to supply electricity to the existing utility network.

94

Electric power generation from a geothermal source utilizing a low-temperature organic Rankine cycle turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A demonstration project to generate electricity with a geothermal source and low-temperature organic Rankine cycle turbine in a rural Alaskan location is described. Operating data and a set of conclusions are presented detailing problems and recommendations for others contemplating this approach to electric power generation.

Aspnes, J.D.; Zarling, J.P.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Gas Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When the gas turbine generator was introduced to the power generation ... fossil-fueled power plant. Twenty years later, gas turbines were established as an important means of ... on utility systems. By the early...

Jeffrey M. Smith

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Improving steam turbine efficiency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the condition of a significant number of fossil steam turbines operating in the United States and the maintenance practices used to improve their performance. Through the use of steam path audits conducted by the authors` company and by several utilities, a large data base of information on turbine heat rate, casing efficiency, and maintenance practices is available to help the power generation industry understand how different maintenance practices and steam path damage impact turbine performance. The data base reveals that turbine cycle heat rate is typically 5.23% poorer than design just prior to major outages. The degraded condition of steam turbines presents an opportunity for utilities to improve heat rate and reduce emissions without increasing fuel costs. The paper describes what losses typically contribute to the 5.23% heat rate degradation and how utilities can recover steam turbine performance through maintenance actions aimed at improving steam path efficiency.

Cioffi, D.H.; Mitchell, D.R.; Whitecar, S.C. [Encotech, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Next Generation Rooftop Unit - 2013 Peer Review | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

emrgtech11shen040313.pdf More Documents & Publications A typical commercial rooftop air-conditioning unit (RTU) Credit: Oak Ridge National Lab Next Generation Rooftop Unit...

98

Next Generation Engineered Materials for Ultra Supercritical Steam Turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To reduce the effect of global warming on our climate, the levels of CO{sub 2} emissions should be reduced. One way to do this is to increase the efficiency of electricity production from fossil fuels. This will in turn reduce the amount of CO{sub 2} emissions for a given power output. Using US practice for efficiency calculations, then a move from a typical US plant running at 37% efficiency to a 760 C /38.5 MPa (1400 F/5580 psi) plant running at 48% efficiency would reduce CO2 emissions by 170kg/MW.hr or 25%. This report presents a literature review and roadmap for the materials development required to produce a 760 C (1400 F) / 38.5MPa (5580 psi) steam turbine without use of cooling steam to reduce the material temperature. The report reviews the materials solutions available for operation in components exposed to temperatures in the range of 600 to 760 C, i.e. above the current range of operating conditions for today's turbines. A roadmap of the timescale and approximate cost for carrying out the required development is also included. The nano-structured austenitic alloy CF8C+ was investigated during the program, and the mechanical behavior of this alloy is presented and discussed as an illustration of the potential benefits available from nano-control of the material structure.

Douglas Arrell

2006-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

99

A new emergency lubricating-oil system for steam turbine generators: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A positive-displacement pump, powered by a turbine-shaft driven permanent magnet generator (PMG) can be used to provide lubricating oil over nearly the entire turbine generator speed range. The concept offers high reliability through its simplicity; switchgear, batteries and other auxiliaries are eliminated by hard-wiring the PMG to the pump induction drive motor. In this study, an existing PMG supplying power to the electrohydraulic control (EHC) system was evaluated as the power supply for an induction motor-driven screw pump running in a ''wafting'' mode as a backup to a conventional dc emergency oil system. The screw pump rotates all the time that the turbine shaft turns; check valves allow it to deliver oil instantly if the system pressure falls. It was found that the pump drive motor would start and run reliably with no adverse effects on the PMG or the electrohydraulic control (EHC) system. 6 refs., 23 figs., 11 tabs.

Kalan, G.L.; Oney, W.R.; Steenburgh, J.H.; Elwell, R.C.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Abstract--Wind power generation is growing rapidly. However, maintaining the wind turbine connection to grid is a real  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Abstract--Wind power generation is growing rapidly. However, maintaining the wind turbine and the generator design. The fixed-speed wind turbine has the advantage of the low cost of A. F. Abdou and H. R advantages over the fixed-speed operation, such as maximum power capture, less mechanical stresses, and less

Pota, Himanshu Roy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Air bottoming cycle: Use of gas turbine waste heat for power generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a thermodynamic analysis of the Air Bottoming Cycle (ABC) as well as the results of a feasibility study for using the Air Bottoming Cycle for gas turbine waste heat recovery/power generation on oil/gas platforms in the North Sea. The basis for the feasibility study was to utilize the exhaust gas heat from an LM2500PE gas turbine. Installation of the ABC on both a new and an existing platform have been considered. A design reference case is presented, and the recommended ABC is a two-shaft engine with two compressor intercoolers. The compression pressure ratio was found optimal at 8:1. The combined gas turbine and ABC shaft efficiency wa/s calculated to 46.6 percent. The LM2500PE gas turbine contributes with 36.1 percent while the ABC adds 10.5 percent points to the gas turbine efficiency. The ABC shaft power output is 6.6 MW when utilizing the waste heat of an LM2500PE gas turbine. A preliminary thermal and hydraulic design of the ABC main components (compressor, turbine, intercoolers, and recuperator) was carried out. The recuperator is the largest and heaviest component (45 tons). A weight and cost breakdown of the ABC is presented. The total weight of the ABC package was calculated to 154 metric tons, and the ABC package cost to 9.4 million US$. An economical examination for three different cases was carried out. The results show that the ABC alternative (LM2500PE + ABC) is economical, with a rather good margin, compared to the other alternatives. The conclusion is that the Air Bottoming Cycle is an economical alternative for power generation on both new platforms and on existing platforms with demand for more power.

Bolland, O.; Foerde, M. [Norwegian Univ. of Science and Technology, Trondheim (Norway). Div. of Thermal Energy and Hydropower; Haande, B. [Oil Engineering Consultants, Sandvika (Norway)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

The value of steam turbine upgrades  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Technological advances in mechanical and aerodynamic design of the turbine steam path are resulting in higher reliability and efficiency. A recent study conducted on a 390 MW pulverized coal-fired unit revealed just how much these new technological advancements can improve efficiency and output. The empirical study showed that the turbine upgrade raised high pressure (HP) turbine efficiency by 5%, intermediate pressure (IP) turbine efficiency by 4%, and low pressure (LP) turbine efficiency by 2.5%. In addition, the unit's highest achievable gross generation increased from 360 MW to 371 MW. 3 figs.

Potter, K.; Olear, D.; [General Physics Corp. (United States)

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Simulation of a generator for a wind-power unit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Analysis of excitation systems of generators for wind-power units is carried out, a software package for generator simulation is presented, and the sequence of the...

I. M. Kirpichnikova; A. S. Mart’yanov; E. V. Solomin

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Status of Power Generation by Domestic Scale Wind Turbines in Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The world's fossil fuel energy resources are diminishing at a faster rate and most importantly the liquid fossil fuel is expected to be finished by 2060s. Moreover, the fossil fuel is directly related to air pollution, land and water degradation. The danger of climate change due to global warming caused by greenhouse gas emissions compels the policy makers, scientists and researchers globally to explore power generation from renewable sources such as wind. Despite significant progresses have been made in power generation using large scale wind turbines recently, domestic scale wind turbines that have immense potentials for standalone power generation are not explored and adequately researched. Therefore, the primary objective of this study is to review and analyse the potentials for power generation by domestic scale wind turbines for the residential and semi-commercial applications. The study reviews the current status of wind characteristics in built-up areas, economic feasibility, aerodynamic and technological limits, local government planning requirement, local and foreign small scale wind turbine manufacturers.

Firoz Alam; Abdulkadir Ali; Iftekhar Khan; Saleh Mobin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Direct Power Control of Doubly-Fed Generator Based Wind Turbine Converters to Improve Low Voltage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control (DPC) is discussed for Low Voltage Ride Through (LVRT) of DFIG based wind turbine converters power integration state that doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) controllers should be capable and maintaining dc bus voltage, then the DFIG will stay online during the disturbance. A fast acting controller

Kimball, Jonathan W.

106

Non-Stationary Spectral Estimation for Wind Turbine Induction Generator Faults Detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- or indirect-drive, fixed- or variable-speed turbine generators, advanced signal processing tools are required the time-varying fault characteristic frequency and the related energy. Furthermore, a decision- making was performed using advanced signal processing techniques such as demodulation techniques [8], [9] and time-frequency

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

107

Wind turbine generator interaction with conventional diesel generators on Block Island, Rhode Island. Volume II. Data analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to assess the performance of a MOD-OA horizontal axis wind turbine when connected to an isolated diesel utility, a comprehensive data measurement program was conducted on the Block Island Power Company installation on Block Island, Rhode Island. This report presents the detailed results of that program focusing on three principal areas of (1) fuel displacement (savings), (2) dynamic interaction between the diesel utility and the wind turbine, (3) effects of three modes of wind turbine reactive power control. The approximate two month duration of the data acquisition program conducted in the winter months (February into April 1982) revealed performance during periods of highest wind energy penetration and hence severity of operation. It is concluded that even under such conditions fuel savings were significant resulting in a fuel reduction of 6.7% while the MOD-OA was generating 10.7% of the total electrical energy. Also, electrical disturbance and interactive effects were of an acceptable level.

Wilreker, V.F.; Stiller, P.H.; Scott, G.W.; Kruse, V.J.; Smith, R.F.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

554 IEEE JOURNAL OF OCEANIC ENGINEERING, VOL. 37, NO. 3, JULY 2012 Generator Systems for Marine Current Turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

turbine. DFIG Doubly-fed induction generator. PMSG Permanent magnet synchronous generator. MPPT Maximum from a DFIG- and PMSG-based MCT. To high- light differences between the considered technologies, a vari

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

109

A concept of power generator using wind turbine, hydrodynamic retarder, and organic Rankine cycle drive  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a concept of electric power generating system that uses a wind turbine to generate kinetic energy which converts heat through a hydrodynamic retarder. The heat so generated is utilized to drive an organic Rankine cycle that converts thermal energy into electricity power for continuous and undisrupted supply during the year. A hydrodynamic retarder converts kinetic energy into heat through hot fluid by directing the flow of the fluid into the hydrodynamic retarder in a manner that resists rotation of blades of the wind turbine. The hot fluid circulating in the hydrodynamic retarder is a thermal heat source for vapor regeneration of organic heat exchange fluid mixture(s) used in the Rankine cycle. The expansion of the organic heat exchange fluid gets converted into rotation of the generator rotor.

Samuel Sami

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Technology Adoption and Regulatory Regimes: Gas Turbines Electricity Generators from 1980 to 2001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scheibel (1997) “Current Gas Turbine Developments and Futurefor Heavy-Duty Gas Turbines,” October 2000. Available onlineNext Evolution of the F Gas Turbine,” April 2001. Available

Ishii, Jun

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Energy Management in Olefins Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the point where waste heat from pyrolysis generates more than enough steam to power the olefins unit recovery section. Furthermore, incorporating gas turbine driven electrical generators or process compressors adds to the utility export potential of the unit...

Wells, T. A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

A microfabricated ElectroQuasiStatic induction turbine-generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An ElectroQuasiStatic (EQS) induction machine has been fabricated and has generated net electric power. A maximum power output of 192 [mu]W at 235 krpm has been measured under driven excitation of the six phases. Self ...

Steyn, J. Lodewyk (Jasper Lodewyk), 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Learning About Wind Turbine Technology, Motors and Generators...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of different variations of motors and generators. Motors are used to convert electric energy from the grid into mechanical energy and can be found in dozens of products in every...

114

A Modular Superconducting Generator for Offshore Wind Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, a new claw-pole type transverse flux superconducting generator topology is presented. The machine has a stationary superconducting field winding, which eliminates electrical brushes and cryocoupler...

Ozan Keysan; Dariusz Olczak…

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Analysis of Temporal and Spatial Characteristics on Output of Wind Farms with Doubly Fed Induction Generator Wind Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Due to the large number of wind turbines and covering too large area in a large wind farm, wake effects among wind turbines and wind speed time delays will have a greater impact of wind farms models. Taking wind farms with doubly fed induction generator(DFIG) ... Keywords: wind farm, modeling, temporal and spatial characteristics, DFIG, output characteristics

Shupo Bu; Xunwen Su

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Utilization and Mitigation of VAM/CMM Emissions by a Catalytic Combustion Gas Turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A system configured with a catalytic combustion gas turbine generator unit is introduced. The system has ... Heavy Industries, Ltd., such as small gas turbines, recuperators and catalytic combustors, and catalyti...

K. Tanaka; Y. Yoshino; H. Kashihara; S. Kajita

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Property:NbrGeneratingUnits | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NbrGeneratingUnits NbrGeneratingUnits Jump to: navigation, search Property Name NbrGeneratingUnits Property Type Number Description Number of Generating Units. Pages using the property "NbrGeneratingUnits" Showing 12 pages using this property. B BLM Geothermal Facility + 3 + Blundell 1 Geothermal Facility + 1 + Blundell 2 Geothermal Facility + 1 + E ENEL Salt Wells Geothermal Facility + 2 + F Faulkner I Energy Generation Facility + 6 + N Navy I Geothermal Facility + 3 + Navy II Geothermal Facility + 3 + Neal Hot Springs Geothermal Power Plant + 3 + North Brawley Geothermal Power Plant + 5 + P Puna Geothermal Facility + 10 + R Raft River Geothermal Facility + 1 + Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center + 1 + Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:NbrGeneratingUnits&oldid=400184#SMWResults"

118

3/5/2014 TinyMicro Wind Turbines Generate Electricity| New Energyand Fuel http://newenergyandfuel.com/http:/newenergyandfuel/com/2014/01/16/tiny-micro-wind-turbines-generate-electricity/ 1/12  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geothermal Heat Harvesting Hydro Power Generation Lighting Materials Money and Finance Ocean Tide & Current Coal Diesel Gasoline Natural Gas #1 Stock to Buy Right Now Top-Rated Generator Pros Wind Turbine Tech Classes Tri-Fuel Generators 10KW Generator- $939 www.generatordepot... Portable, Elec. Start, Warranty All-Power

Chiao, Jung-Chih

119

Axial Flux, Modular, Permanent-Magnet Generator with a Toroidal Winding for Wind Turbine Applications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CP-500-24996 Ÿ UC Category: 1213 CP-500-24996 Ÿ UC Category: 1213 Axial Flux, Modular, Permanent- Magnet Generator with a Toroidal Winding for Wind Turbine Applications E. Muljadi C.P. Butterfield Yih-Huei Wan National Wind Technology Center National Renewable Energy Laboratory Presented at IEEE Industry Applications Conference St. Louis, MO November 5-8, 1998 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard

120

A Design of Single Phase Induction Generator for Waterfall-hydro Turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents the design of the single phase induction generator for hydro turbine that driven by waterfall power. By the principle, when the water from the waterfall flows along the 1 inch pipe until to the nozzle, after that the nozzle directs water jet along a tangent to the circle through the center of the buckets. Finally, the buckets drive the rotor shaft of the single phase induction generator and generated 220 V a.c. voltage for distributing electric load. The design of single phase induction generator is modified by rewiring the winding of an old 1 HP, 220 V, 50 Hz motor from 4 poles to 6 poles. For impulse turbine design, this paper use the information model from Baan Kiriwong waterfall, Nakhorn Sri Thammarat province, south of Thailand for designing the dimension of the components of Pelton turbine with 9 ˝ inches diameter and 18 buckets. The result in laboratory test, at on-load test, the generator can distribute the load at 115.96W, 223 V, 0.52A, 0.96P.F. - lagging with 1,200 rpm of shaft speed. For the applications test, the water pump are set the pressure as similar as the Baan Kiriwong waterfall and when the water jet against the bucket for moving the generator, at on-load test, the generator can distribute the load at 77.9W, 190 V, 0.41A, 0.98P.F. - lagging with 1,100 rpm of shaft speed. It should be suitable for light load rural area and really far from electric distribution system.

Sirichai Dangeam

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Variable susceptance excitation control for dynamic performance improvement of a stand-alone wind turbine induction generator system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Isolated wind farms employ simple squirrel cage induction generators driven by variable speed wind turbines. Lacking control capability, such generation can contribute very little to network support. Wind turbines mostly do not take part in voltage and frequency control and if a disturbance occurs, the turbines may be disconnected and reconnected when normal operation has been resumed. From operation viewpoint, this is definitely not acceptable. A primary reason for the rigidity of operation is the lack of excitation adaptation under variable wind conditions. This article proposes incorporation of a variable capacitance controller at the generator terminal which will automatically adjust the needed excitation. Further improvement of transient profile of the stand-alone wind turbine generator has been proposed through inclusion of additional stabilising control. Simulation studies show that the proposed excitation controller with additional PID circuit provides very good transient profile following reasonable input torque variations.

A.H.M.A. Rahim; M. Ahsanul Alam

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Wind turbine generator interaction with conventional diesel generators on Block Island, Rhode Island. Volume 1. Executive summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the primary results of a three-part study involving the effects of connecting a MOD-OA wind turbine generator to an isolated diesel power system. The subject utility is that owned and operated by the Block Island Power Company (BIPCO). The MOD-OA installation here was the third of four experimental nominal 200 kW wind turbines connected to various utilities under the Federal Wind Energy Program. The BIPCO installation was characterized by the highest wind energy penetration levels of four sites and, as such, was adjudged the best candidate for conducting the data acquisition and analysis effort that is the subject of this study. The three-phases of the study analysis address: (1) fuel displacement, (2) dynamic interaction, and (3) three modes of reactive power control. These analyses all have as their basis the results of the data acquisition program conducted during 1982 from February into April on Block Island, Rhode Island.

Wilreker, V.F.; Stiller, P.H.; Scott, G.W.; Kruse, V.J.; Smith, R.F.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

A Fault-Tolerant Multiphase Permanent Magnet Generator for Marine Current Turbine Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on offshore wind turbine systems. Marine current turbines are characterized by a very difficult access current turbine (MCT) are more compact than wind turbines, for the same rated power. Moreover in many aspects to wind turbines, which are already well developed and commercialized. For that reason

Boyer, Edmond

124

DESIGN, FABRICATION, AND TESTING OF AN ADVANCED, NON-POLLUTING TURBINE DRIVE GAS GENERATOR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of this report period were to complete the development of the Gas Generator design, which was done; fabricate and test of the non-polluting unique power turbine drive gas Gas Generator, which has been postponed. Focus during this report period has been to complete the brazing and bonding necessary to fabricate the Gas Generator hardware, continue making preparations for fabricating and testing the Gas Generator, and continuing the fabrication of the Gas Generator hardware and ancillary hardware in preparation for the test program. Fabrication is more than 95% complete and is expected to conclude in early May 2002. the test schedule was affected by relocation of the testing to another test supplier. The target test date for hot fire testing is now not earlier than June 15, 2002.

Unknown

2002-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

125

REQUEST BY WESTINGHOUSE POWER GENERATION, A FORMER DIVISION OF...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

position in the power generation field. It is the second largest commercial supplier of power generation gas turbines in the United States and the fourth single largest supplier...

126

Generating Unit Retirements in the United States by State, 2007  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7" 7" "Note: Descriptions of field names and codes can be obtained from the record layout in the Form EIA-860 source data file at www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html." "Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, ""Annual Electric Generator Report.""" "State","County","Utility ID","Company","Plant ID","Plant Name","Primary Purpose Code","Generator ID","Nameplate Capacity (Megawatts) ","Summer Capacity (Megawatts)","Winter Capacity (Megawatts)","Multigenerator Code","Prime Mover","Energy Source 1","Energy Source 2","Month of Retirement","Year of Retirement"

127

Generating Unit Retirements in the United States by State, 2004  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4" 4" "Note: Descriptions of field names and codes can be obtained from the record layout in the Form EIA-860 source data file at www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html." "Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, ""Annual Electric Generator Report.""" "State","County","Utility ID","Company","Plant ID","Plant Name","Primary Purpose Code","Generator ID","Nameplate Capacity (Megawatts) ","Summer Capacity (Megawatts)","Winter Capacity (Megawatts)","Multigenerator Code","Prime Mover","Energy Source 1","Energy Source 2","Month of Retirement","Year of Retirement"

128

Generating Unit Retirements in the United States by State, 2009  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9" 9" "Note: Descriptions of field names and codes can be obtained from the record layout in the Form EIA-860 source data file at www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html." "Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, ""Annual Electric Generator Report.""" "State","County","Utility ID","Company","Plant ID","Plant Name","Primary Purpose Code","Generator ID","Nameplate Capacity (Megawatts) ","Summer Capacity (Megawatts)","Winter Capacity (Megawatts)","Multigenerator Code","Prime Mover","Energy Source 1","Energy Source 2","Month of Retirement","Year of Retirement"

129

Generating Unit Retirements in the United States by State, 2006  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6" 6" "Note: Descriptions of field names and codes can be obtained from the record layout in the Form EIA-860 source data file at www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html." "Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, ""Annual Electric Generator Report.""" "State","County","Utility ID","Company","Plant ID","Plant Name","Primary Purpose Code","Generator ID","Nameplate Capacity (Megawatts) ","Summer Capacity (Megawatts)","Winter Capacity (Megawatts)","Multigenerator Code","Prime Mover","Energy Source 1","Energy Source 2","Month of Retirement","Year of Retirement"

130

Generating Unit Retirements in the United States by State, 2010  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10" 10" "Note: Descriptions of field names and codes can be obtained from the record layout in the Form EIA-860 source data file at www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html." "Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, ""Annual Electric Generator Report.""" "State","County","Utility ID","Company","Plant ID","Plant Name","Primary Purpose Code","Generator ID","Nameplate Capacity (Megawatts) ","Summer Capacity (Megawatts)","Winter Capacity (Megawatts)","Multigenerator Code","Prime Mover","Energy Source 1","Energy Source 2","Month of Retirement","Year of Retirement"

131

Generating Unit Retirements in the United States by State, 2008  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8" 8" "Note: Descriptions of field names and codes can be obtained from the record layout in the Form EIA-860 source data file at www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html." "Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, ""Annual Electric Generator Report.""" "State","County","Utility ID","Company","Plant ID","Plant Name","Primary Purpose Code","Generator ID","Nameplate Capacity (Megawatts) ","Summer Capacity (Megawatts)","Winter Capacity (Megawatts)","Multigenerator Code","Prime Mover","Energy Source 1","Energy Source 2","Month of Retirement","Year of Retirement"

132

Generating Unit Retirements in the United States by State, 2003  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3" 3" "Note: Descriptions of field names and codes can be obtained from the record layout in the Form EIA-860 source data file at www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html." "Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, ""Annual Electric Generator Report.""" "State","County","Utility ID","Company","Plant ID","Plant Name","Primary Purpose Code","Generator ID","Nameplate Capacity (Megawatts) ","Summer Capacity (Megawatts)","Winter Capacity (Megawatts)","Multigenerator Code","Prime Mover","Energy Source 1","Energy Source 2","Month of Retirement","Year of Retirement"

133

Generating Unit Retirements in the United States by State, 2005  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5" 5" "Note: Descriptions of field names and codes can be obtained from the record layout in the Form EIA-860 source data file at www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html." "Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, ""Annual Electric Generator Report.""" "State","County","Utility ID","Company","Plant ID","Plant Name","Primary Purpose Code","Generator ID","Nameplate Capacity (Megawatts) ","Summer Capacity (Megawatts)","Winter Capacity (Megawatts)","Multigenerator Code","Prime Mover","Energy Source 1","Energy Source 2","Month of Retirement","Year of Retirement"

134

8 - Radial-Inflow Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary The inward-flow radial turbine covers tremendous ranges of power, rates of mass flow, and rotational speeds from very large Francis turbines used in hydroelectric power generation and developing hundreds of megawatts down to tiny closed cycle gas turbines for space power generation of a few kilowatts. The widespread adoption of variable geometry turbines for diesel engine turbochargers has been the major factor in increasing the commercial use of this technology. Variable area is commonly, but not exclusively, achieved by pivoting the nozzle vanes about an axis disposed in the span-wise direction. The most common radial-inflow turbine applications are turbochargers for internal combustion engines, natural gas, diesel, and gasoline powered units. The advantage of a turbocharger is that it compresses the air, thus letting the engine squeeze more air into a cylinder, and more air means that more fuel can be added. Applications of turbo expanders in the chemical industry abound in the petrochemical and chemical industries. Turbo expanders using radial-inflow turbines have a much higher ruggedness than turbo expanders using axial-flow turbines. The radial-inflow turbine for gas turbine application is basically a centrifugal compressor with reversed flow and opposite rotation. The performance of the radial-inflow turbine is being investigated with increased interest by the transportation and chemical industries. In the petrochemical industry, it is used in expander designs, gas liquefaction expanders and other cryogenic systems. The radial-inflow turbine’s greatest advantage is that the work produced by a single stage is equivalent to that of two or more stages in an axial turbine. Its cost is also much lower than that of a single- or multi-stage axial-flow turbine. The configurations and designs of the two types of radial-inflow turbine (cantilever and mixed-flow) are described. The thermodynamic and aerodynamic principles governing a radial-inflow turbine are summarized. The design and performance of a radial-inflow turbine are discussed. The potential problems (erosion; exducer blade vibration; noise) and types of losses in a radial-inflow turbine are described. Applications of radial-inflow turbines (e.g. turbochargers) are discussed.

Meherwan P. Boyce

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Energy 101: Wind Turbines  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

See how wind turbines generate clean electricity from the power of the wind. Highlighted are the various parts and mechanisms of a modern wind turbine.

None

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

136

Energy 101: Wind Turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

See how wind turbines generate clean electricity from the power of the wind. Highlighted are the various parts and mechanisms of a modern wind turbine.

None

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Strategies for Refining IEC 61400-2: Wind Turbine Generator Systems - Part 2: Safety of Small Wind Turbines: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper provides a status of the changes currently being made by IEC Maintenance Team 02 (MT02) to the existing IEC 61400-2 ''Safety of small wind turbines.'' In relation to the work done by IEC MT02, work has been done by NREL and Windward Engineering under the DOE/NREL Small Wind Turbine (SWT) Project. Aeroelastic models were built and measurements taken on a Whisper H40 turbine and an AOC 15/50. Results from this study were used to verify the simple design equations. This verification will be used to evaluate how changes made in the design load estimation section of the standard work out for a broad range of turbine configurations. The work presented here builds on work performed by Van Hulle (1996).

van Dam, J. J. D. (Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands); Forsyth, T. L. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory); Hansen, A. C. (Windward Engineering LLC)

2001-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

138

A numerical study for the optimal arrangement of ocean current turbine generators in the ocean current power parks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present paper deals with the investigation of the flow distribution in the ocean current power park in order to optimize the arrangement of the turbine generators in the sea and the lake sides. To produce more reliable results, the detailed geometry of the ocean current generators is included in the computational domain with frozen rotor method to consider rotating effect. The numerical results show the details of flow distribution in the ocean current power park and propose the appropriate arrangement of the turbine generators for the efficient operation, which is essential for possible maximum power generation.

Seung Ho Lee; Sang Hyuk Lee; Kyungsoo Jang; Jungeun Lee; Nahmkeon Hur

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Steam Turbine Cogeneration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Steam turbines are widely used in most industrial facilities because steam is readily available and steam turbine is easy to operate and maintain. If designed properly, a steam turbine co-generation (producing heat and power simultaneously) system...

Quach, K.; Robb, A. G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Howden Wind Turbines Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Howden Wind Turbines Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Howden Wind Turbines Ltd Place: United Kingdom Sector: Wind energy Product: Howden was a manufacturer of wind turbines in...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Wind turbine generators having wind assisted cooling systems and cooling methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind generator includes: a nacelle; a hub carried by the nacelle and including at least a pair of wind turbine blades; and an electricity producing generator including a stator and a rotor carried by the nacelle. The rotor is connected to the hub and rotatable in response to wind acting on the blades to rotate the rotor relative to the stator to generate electricity. A cooling system is carried by the nacelle and includes at least one ambient air inlet port opening through a surface of the nacelle downstream of the hub and blades, and a duct for flowing air from the inlet port in a generally upstream direction toward the hub and in cooling relation to the stator.

Bagepalli, Bharat (Niskayuna, NY); Barnes, Gary R. (Delanson, NY); Gadre, Aniruddha D. (Rexford, NY); Jansen, Patrick L. (Scotia, NY); Bouchard, Jr., Charles G. (Schenectady, NY); Jarczynski, Emil D. (Scotia, NY); Garg, Jivtesh (Cambridge, MA)

2008-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

142

DESIGN, FABRICATION, AND TESTING OF AN ADVANCED, NON-POLLUTING TURBINE DRIVE GAS GENERATOR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this report period was to continue the development of the Gas Generator design, fabrication and test of the non-polluting unique power turbine drive Gas Generator. Focus during this past report period has been to continue completion the Gas Generator design, completing the brazing and bonding experiments to determine the best method and materials necessary to fabricate the Gas Generator hardware, continuing to making preparations for fabricating and testing this Gas Generator and commencing with the fabrication of the Gas Generator hardware and ancillary hardware. Designs have been completed sufficiently such that Long Lead Items [LLI] have been ordered and upon arrival will be readied for the fabrication process. The keys to this design are the platelet construction of the injectors that precisely measures/meters the flow of the propellants and water all throughout the steam generating process and the CES patented gas generating cycle. The Igniter Assembly injector platelets fabrication process has been completed and bonded to the Igniter Assembly and final machined. The Igniter Assembly is in final assembly and is being readied for testing in the October 2001 time frame. Test Plan dated August 2001, was revised and finalized, replacing Test Plan dated May 2001.

Unknown

2002-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

143

Performance analysis of combined humidified gas turbine power generation and multi-effect thermal vapor compression desalination systems: Part 2: The evaporative gas turbine based system and some discussions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This is Part 2 of the paper “Performance analysis of combined humidified gas turbine power generation and multi-effect thermal vapor compression desalination systems — Part 1: The desalination unit and its combination with a steam-injected gas turbine power system”. A combined power and water system based on the evaporative gas turbine (EvGT) is studied, and major features such as the fuel saving, power-to-water ratio, energy and exergy utilization, and approaches to performance improvement, are presented and discussed in comparison with STIG- and EvGT- based systems, to further reveal the characteristics of these two types of combined systems. Some of the main results of the paper are: the fuel consumption of water production in STIG-based combined system is, based on reference-cycle method, about 45% of a water-only unit, and that in an EvGT-based system, it is 31–54%; compared with the individual power-only and water-only units, the fuel savings of the two combined systems are 12%–28% and 10%–21%, respectively; a water production gain of more than 15% can be obtained by using a direct-contact gas-saline water heat exchanger to recover the stack heat; and the combined system are more flexible in its power-to-water ratio than currently used dual-purpose systems. Further studies on aspects such as operation, hardware cost, control complexity, and environmental impact, are needed to determine which configuration is more favorable in practice.

Yongqing Wang; Noam Lior

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

202 IEEE TRANS.4CTIONS Oh'AUTOMATIC CONTROL, VOL. AC-18,NO. 3, J U K E 1973 Design and Analysis of Boiler-Turbine-Generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Boiler-Turbine-Generator Controls Using Optimal Linear Regulator Theory JOHN P. McDOKALD AND HARRY G of a nonlinear mathematical model of a drum-type, twin furnace, reheat boiler-turbine-generator (RBTG) system- tiveoperatingandcontrolstrategies for boiler-t.urbine- generator systems to meet different, system operating ob- jectives. Among

Kwatny, Harry G.

145

ARE660 Wind Generator: Low Wind Speed Technology for Small Turbine Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project is for the design of a wind turbine that can generate most or all of the net energy required for homes and small businesses in moderately windy areas. The purpose is to expand the current market for residential wind generators by providing cost effective power in a lower wind regime than current technology has made available, as well as reduce noise and improve reliability and safety. Robert W. Preus’ experience designing and/or maintaining residential wind generators of many configurations helped identify the need for an improved experience of safety for the consumer. Current small wind products have unreliable or no method of stopping the wind generator in fault or high wind conditions. Consumers and their neighbors do not want to hear their wind generators. In addition, with current technology, only sites with unusually high wind speeds provide payback times that are acceptable for the on-grid user. Abundant Renewable Energy’s (ARE) basic original concept for the ARE660 was a combination of a stall controlled variable speed small wind generator and automatic fail safe furling for shutdown. The stall control for a small wind generator is not novel, but has not been developed for a variable speed application with a permanent magnet alternator (PMA). The fail safe furling approach for shutdown has not been used to our knowledge.

Robert W. Preus; DOE Project Officer - Keith Bennett

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

146

Neural Control of the Self-Excited Induction Generator for Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a steady state and transient analysis of a stand alone Self Excited Induction Generator (SEIG) is presented. The conventional dynamic ... Artificial Neural Network (ANN) to model the induction generator

S. Zouggar; Y. Zidani; M. L. ELhafyani…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

A Bench Study of Intensive Care Unit Ventilators: New versus Old and Turbine-Based versus Compressed Gas-Based Ventilators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Material: Four turbine- based ventilators and nine conventional servo-valve compressed-gas ventilators were1 A Bench Study of Intensive Care Unit Ventilators: New versus Old and Turbine-Based versus Compressed Gas-Based Ventilators Arnaud W. Thille,1 MD; Aissam Lyazidi,1 Biomed Eng MS; Jean-Christophe M

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

148

EIS-0362: Colorado Springs Utilities' Next Generation CFB Coal Generating Unit, CO  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EIS analyzes DOE's decision to approve Colorado Springs Utilities design, construction, and operation of their Next- Generation Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) Coal Generating Unit demonstration plant near Fountain, El Paso County, Colorado.

149

Gas turbine noise control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of gas turbine powered generators and pumping stations are likely to increase over the next two decades. Alternative fuel systems utilizing fluidized coal beds are likely in the near future and direct combustion of pulverized coal is also a possibility. The primary problem of generally unacceptable noise levels from gas turbine powered equipment affects both community noise and hearing conservation alike. The noise criteria of such plant remain a significant design factor. The paper looks at the technical and historical aspects associated with the noise generation process and examines past present and possible future approaches to the problem of silencing gas turbine units; adequately specifying the acoustical criteria and ratings; evaluates the techniques by which these criteria should be measured; and correlates these with the typical results achieved in the field.

Louis A. Challis and Associates Pty. Ltd.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Development of a High Pressure/High Temperature Down-hole Turbine Generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As oil & natural gas deposits become more difficult to obtain by conventional means, wells must extend to deeper more heat-intensive environments. The technology of the drilling equipment required to reach these depths has exceeded the availability of electrical power sources needed to operate these tools. Historically, logging while drilling (LWD) and measure while drilling (MWD) devices utilized a wireline to supply power and communication from the operator to the tool. Lithium ion batteries were used in scenarios where a wireline was not an option, as it complicated operations. In current downhole applications, lithium ion battery (LIB) packs are the primary source for electrical power. LIB technology has been proven to supply reliable downhole power at temperatures up to 175 °C. Many of the deeper well s reach ambient temperatures above 200 °C, creating an environment too harsh for current LIB technology. Other downfalls of LIB technology are cost, limitations on charge cycles, disposal issues and possible safety hazards including explosions and fires. Downhole power generation can also be achieved by utilizing drilling fluid flow and converting it to rotational motion. This rotational motion can be harnessed to spin magnets around a series of windings to produce power proportional to the rpm experienced by the driven assembly. These generators are, in most instances, driven by turbine blades or moyno-based drilling fluid pumps. To date, no commercially available downhole power generators are capable of operating at ambient temperatures of 250 °C. A downhole power g enerator capable of operation in a 250 °C and 20,000 psi ambient environment will be an absolute necessity in the future. Dexter Magnetic Technologies’ High-Pressure High-Temperature (HPHT) Downhole Turbine Generator is capable of operating at 250 °C and 20, 000 psi, but has not been tested in an actual drilling application. The technology exists, but to date no company has been willing to test the tool.

Ben Plamp

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

151

Environmental Assessment for the Installation and Operation of Combustion Turbine Generators at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOElEA- 430 DOElEA- 430 LA-UR-02-6482 Nationat Nudea- Security Administration Environmental Assessment for the Installation and Operation of Combustion Turbine Generators at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico December II,2002 Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Los Alamos Site Office Environmental Assessment for the Installation and Operation of Combustion Turbine Generators at LANL DOE LASO December 11, 2002 iii Contents ACRONYMS AND TERMS.......................................................................................................V EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ....................................................................................................... IX 1.0 PURPOSE AND NEED ........................................................................................................1

152

Automatic control systems for gas-turbine units in mini power stations: Testing automation at the stages of design and tuning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the testing automation procedure for automatic control systems of gas-turbine units used as drives in small-size power stations. We substantiate the applicability of mathematical modeling...

B. V. Kavalerov

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Operational behavior of a double-fed permanent magnet generator for wind turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Greater efficiency in wind turbine systems is achieved by allowing the rotor to change its rate of rotation as the wind speed changes. The wind turbine system is decoupled from the utility grid and a variable speed operation ...

Reddy, Sivananda Kumjula

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Effects of vortex generators on a blunt trailing-edge airfoil for wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Vortex generators (VGs) are commonly-used effective flow separation control devices, and are proved to have potential to improve the aerodynamic performance of large wind turbines. In this paper, the flow physics of \\{VGs\\} and how their size affects the aerodynamic performance of a blunt trailing-edge airfoil DU97-W-300 have been investigated using CFD simulations. Based on wind turbine dedicated airfoil with and without \\{VGs\\} respectively, three-dimensional numerical models were established and further validated through the comparisons between the numerical results and the experimental data. The effects of VGs' size were analyzed from several perspectives, such as trailing-edge height, length, short and long spacing between an adjacent pair of VGs. The results indicate that drag penalty is more sensitive to the increase of VG height than lift; an increment of VG length leads to negative effects on both lift and drag; increases of the spacing between an adjacent pair of \\{VGs\\} have positive impact on suppression of separated flow. Additionally, the flow field characteristics were further revealed by the analysis of streamlines and vortices in the wake region.

Linyue Gao; Hui Zhang; Yongqian Liu; Shuang Han

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Unit Commitment Considering Generation Flexibility and Environmental Constraints  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper proposes a new framework for power system unit commitment process, which incorporates the generation flexibility requirements and environmental constraints into the existing unit commitment algorithm. The generation flexibility requirements are to address the uncertainties with large amount of intermittent resources as well as with load and traditional generators, which causes real-time balancing requirements to be variable and less predictable. The proposed flexibility requirements include capacity, ramp and ramp duration for both upward and downward balancing reserves. The environmental constraints include emission allowance for fossil fuel-based generators and ecological regulations for hydro power plants. Calculation of emission rates is formulated. Unit commitment under this new framework will be critical to the economic and reliable operation of the power grid and the minimization of its negative environmental impacts, especially when high penetration levels of intermittent resources are being approached, as required by the renewable portfolio standards in many states.

Lu, Shuai; Makarov, Yuri V.; Zhu, Yunhua; Lu, Ning; Prakash Kumar, Nirupama; Chakrabarti, Bhujanga B.

2010-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

156

On modelling of grouped reliability data for wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Special Issue Maintenance Modelling...data for wind turbines F. P. A...generation by wind turbines (WTs) has...turbines or maintenance activities...generation by wind turbines (WTs) has...turbines or maintenance activities......

F. P. A. Coolen; F. Spinato; D. Venkat

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Development of a High-Pressure/High-Temperature Downhole Turbine Generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project as originally outlined has been to achieve a viable downhole direct current (DC) power source for extreme high pressure, high temperature (HPHT) environments of >25,000 psi and >250 C. The Phase I investigation posed and answered specific questions about the power requirements, mode of delivery and form factor the industry would like to see for downhole turbine generator tool for the HPHT environment, and noted specific components, materials and design features of that commercial system that will require upgrading to meet the HPHT project goals. During the course of Phase I investigation the scope of the project was HPHT downhole DC power. Phase I also investigated the viability of modifying a commercial expanded, without additional cost expected to the project, to include the addition of HT batteries to the power supply platform.

Timothy F. Price

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Biphase turbine for reverse osmosis desalination. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new hydraulic reaction turbine was designed to recover the power available in the high-pressure waste-brine stream of reverse osmosis desalination systems. A reaction turbine sized for reverse-osmosis systems producing 600 gph was built and tested. The turbine performed well driving either a variable-speed pump or an electrical generator. Measured turbine efficiency (shaft power divided by available power) was 63%, compared with a prediction of 67%. The turbine can be built with larger capacity to reduce the size, weight and power consumption of reverse osmosis desalination systems. Efficiency of larger units is predicted to lie in the range of 65 to 70%.

Limburg, P.L.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

An investigation into the feasibility of an external combustion, steam injected gas turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

output of the turbine without increasing the work required for compression. Second, the steam may be generated with waste 15 heat from the combustion process. In an internal combustion gas turbine, this would result in an increased work output per... which are: 1. Gas Turbine Engine 2. Heat Exchanger Unit 3. Steam Generator Unit 4. Dynamometer 26 A detailed description of the equipment used in the experiment will be presented in the section entitled Ap- paratus since the purpose...

Ford, David Bruce

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

160

EPRI steam turbine and generator NDE, life assessment, and maintenance workshop. [Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), NonDestructive Evaluation (NDE)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On July 16--19, 1991, the EPRI NDE Center hosted the second EPRI Steam Turbine and Generator NDE, Life Assessment and Maintenance Workshop. This workshop was co-sponsored by the Nuclear Power and the Generation and Storage Divisions of EPRI. Attendees represented all sectors of the industry including utilities, equipment manufacturers, forging suppliers, service organizations, government organizations, insurancecarriers, and consultants from the United States and abroad. Domestic utility presence was again strong, with 105 representatives from 44 utilities in attendance. Australia, Canada, England, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland were represented in the international contingent. A key and integral part of the workshop was a vendor equipment fair, in which some 23 organizations displayed and demonstrated equipment and services that they offer. Formal presentation of 53 technical papers made up the technical portion of the agenda, which also included two breakout discussion sessions on topical subjects. To provide optimum opportunity for participants to hear all presentations on closely related topics, the sessions were set such that a NDE session ran parallel to the life assessment session. The first NDE session included turbine related topics while the first life assessment session addressed generator issues. The last sessions of the workshop were just reversed with turbine topics being addressed in the life assessment session while generator issues were presented in the NDE session. Presentations on maintenance topics and on monitoring and diagnostics topics were also presented in parallel sessions. These proceedings contain the texts of the papers presented at the workshop. Individual papers in indexed separately.

Nottingham, L.D.; Sabourin, P.F.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Revenue Maximization of Electricity Generation for a Wind Turbine Integrated with a Compressed Air Energy Storage System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

controller is developed for a Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) system integrated with a wind turbine storage vessel. The storage vessel contains both liquid and compressed air at the same pressure. Energy significant reduction in generation costs. Among all different types of energy storage approaches, compressed

Li, Perry Y.

162

Grid Connected based PWM Converter Applied a Self-excited Induction Generator for Wind Turbine Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents the electrical power conversion system which is developed for a self-excited induction generator in order to apply with wind turbine. In the wind energy conversion system, a self-excited induction generator is converted the mechanical energy into electrical energy. A B6 rectifier and capacitor are utilized to maintain constant intermediate DC voltage. The average power is converted entirely by the PWM converter, consists of B6 voltage-source inverters. Output currents and active power of switch mode voltage source inverter are flowed into utility grid by current control and PQ theory technique. For the hardware implementation, the system consists of 1 kW four poles self excited induction generator and the voltage source inverter controlled output current by hysteresis controller(bang-bang) method. The algorithm is implemented in a dSPACS ds1104DSP together with MATLAB/SIMULINK program. The validity of the proposed method is verified by both simulation and experimental results under power transferred into grid in term of power quality such as real power, reactive power, total harmonics distortion, and so on.

Satean Tunyasrirut; Chakrapong Charumit

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Design of Micro-grid System Based on Renewable Power Generation Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract- Micro-grid system is currently a conceptual solution to fulfill the commitment of reliable power delivery for future power systems. Renewable power sources such as wind and hydro offer the best potential for emission free power for future micro-grid systems. This paper presents a micro-grid system based on wind and hydro power sources and addresses issues related to operation, control, and stability of the system. The micro-grid system investigated in this paper represents a case study in Newfoundland, Canada. It consists of a small hydro generation unit and a wind farm that contains nine variable- speed, double-fed induction generator based wind turbines. Using Matlab/Simulink, the system is modeled and simulated to identify the technical issues involved in the operation of a micro-grid system based on renewable power generation units. The operational modes, technical challenges and a brief outline of conceptual approaches to addressing some of the technical issues are presented for further investigation.

Dr. K. Ravich; M. Manasa; Mr. P. Yohan Babu; G. V. P. Anjaneyulu

164

Development of a dry low-NOx gas turbine combustor for a natural-gas fueled 2MW co-generation system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A dry low-NOx gas turbine combustor has been developed for natural-gas fueled co-generation systems in the power range of 1--4MW. The combustor. called the Double Swirler Combustor, uses the lean premixed combustion to reduce NOx emission. The combustor is characterized by two staged lean premixed combustion with two coaxial annular burners and a simple fuel control system without the complex variable geometry. Substantially low NOx level has been achieved to meet the strict NOx regulation to co-generation systems in Japan. High combustion efficiency has been obtained for a wide operating range. In 1994, Tokyo Gas and Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries initiated a collaborative program to develop a natural-gas fueled low NOx gas turbine engine for new 2MW class co-generation system, named IM270. The Double Swirler Combustor, originally developed by Tokyo Gas, was introduced into the natural gas fueled version of the IM270. Engine test of the first production unit was successfully conducted to confirm substantially low NOx level of less than 15 ppm (O{sub 2} = 16%) with the output power of more than 2MW. Test for the durability and the reliability of the system is being conducted at Tokyo Gas Negishi LNG Terminal in Kanagawa, Japan and successful results have been so far obtained.

Mori, Masaaki; Sato, Hiroshi

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Erosion-corrosion modelling of gas turbine materials for coal-fired combined cycle power generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of coal-fired combined cycle power generation systems is receiving considerable worldwide interest. The successful development and commercialisation of these new systems require that all the component parts are manufactured from appropriate materials and that these materials give predictable in-service performance. Corrosion and erosion-corrosion, resulting from coal derived particulates, deposition and gaseous species, have been identified as potential life limiting factors for these systems. Models to predict these modes of materials degradation are under active development. This paper outlines the development and testing of models suitable for use in gas turbine environments. The complexity of the corrosion processes means that an empirical approach to model development is required whereas a more mechanistic approach can be applied to erosion processes. For hot corrosion conditions, statistically based corrosion models have been produced using laboratory tests for two coatings and a base alloy at typical type I and type II hot corrosion temperatures (900 and 700°C). These models use the parameters of alkali sulphate deposition flux and \\{SOx\\} partial pressure (at each temperature and for set \\{HCl\\} partial pressures), to predict the rate of the most likely localised damage associated with hot corrosion reactions. For erosion-corrosion modelling, a series of laboratory tests have been carried out to investigate erosion behaviour in corrosive conditions appropriate to coal-fired gas turbines. Materials performance data have been obtained from samples located in the hot gas path of the Grimethorpe PFBC pilot plant, under well characterised conditions, for testing the corrosion and erosion-corrosion models. The models successfully predict the materials damage observed in the pilot plant environments.

N.J. Simms; J.E. Oakey; D.J. Stephenson; P.J. Smith; J.R. Nicholls

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Wind shear for large wind turbine generators at selected tall tower sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the study described in this report is to examine the nature of wind shear profiles and their variability over the height of large horizontal-axis wind turbines and to provide information on wind shear relevant to the design and opertion of large wind turbines. Wind turbine fatigue life and power quality are related through the forcing functions on the blade to the shapes of the wind shear profiles and their fluctuations over the disk of rotation.

Elliott, D.L.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

A Methodology for Estimating the Parameters of Steam Turbine Generator Shaft Systems for Subsynchronous Resonance Studies .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The increase of coal and nuclear power steam turbines over the past few decades combined with transmission line series capacitors creates a potential drawback known… (more)

Sambarapu, Krishna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Numerical Modeling and Optimization of Power Generation from Shrouded Wind Turbines.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In recent years, it has been theoretically suggested by some researchers that the power coefficient of a wind turbine can be increased beyond the Betz… (more)

Foote, Tudor

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Hourly Energy Emission Factors for Electricity Generation in the United  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hourly Energy Emission Factors for Electricity Generation in the United Hourly Energy Emission Factors for Electricity Generation in the United States Dataset Summary Description Emissions from energy use in buildings are usually estimated on an annual basis using annual average multipliers. Using annual numbers provides a reasonable estimation of emissions, but it provides no indication of the temporal nature of the emissions. Therefore, there is no way of understanding the impact on emissions from load shifting and peak shaving technologies such as thermal energy storage, on-site renewable energy, and demand control. This project utilized GridViewTM, an electric grid dispatch software package, to estimate hourly emission factors for all of the eGRID subregions in the continental United States. These factors took into account electricity imports and exports

170

Fish-Friendly Turbine Making a Splash in Water Power  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

A revolutionary new turbine technology for hydropower plants is one step closer to its first commercial deployment. The Alden Fish-Friendly Turbine could change the game for hydropower generation in the United States, and it is likely to have significant export potential.

171

Steam turbine upgrades: A utility based approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the increasingly competitive power generation markets utilities must strive towards lower electricity generation costs, whilst relying on an aging steam turbine fleet. By the year 2000 more than 25% of the global steam turbine capacity will be older than 30 years. The heat rate of such units is generally considerably higher than that of equivalent new plant, and such equipment can be further disadvantaged by increased maintenance costs and forced outage rates. Over the past decade steam turbine conversion, modification, and upgrade packages have become an increasingly important part of the European steam turbine market. Furthermore, many utilities now realize that enhanced cost-effectiveness can often be obtained by moving away from the original equipment manufacturer (OEM), and the upgrading of other manufacturers' plant is now routine within the steam turbine industry. By working closely with customers, GE has developed a comprehensive range of steam turbine upgrade packages, including advanced design steampaths which can increase the performance of existing turbine installations to levels comparable with new plant. Such packages are tailor-made to the requirements of each customer, to ensure that the most cost-effective engineering solution is identified. This paper presents an overview of GE's state-of-the-art steam turbine technology, and continues to describe typical economic models for turbine upgrades.

Wakeley, G.R.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Unbalanced-grid-fault ride-through control for a doubly fed induction generator wind turbine with series grid-side converter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The grid codes now require doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) wind turbines having the "low voltage ride-through (LVRT)" capability. However, a traditional DFIG with a partially rated back-to-back converter has inherent difficulties to ride through ... Keywords: doubly fed induction generator (DFIG), low voltage ride-through (LVRT), series grid-side converter (SGSC), unbalanced grid fault, voltage dips, voltage sags, wind power generation, wind turbine

Yong Liao; Hui Li; Jun Yao

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Simulation of Sensor Fault Diagnosis for Wind Turbine Generators DFIG and PMSM Using Kalman Filter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The fault detection and isolation of generators used in wind turbines gathering interest as to maximize the reliability and avail of distributed energy systems with recent unmatched growth in construction of offshore wind farms. In particular it is interested in performing fault detection and isolation (FDI) of incipient faults affecting the measurements of the three-phase signals (currents) in a controlled DFIG and PMSG. Although different authors have dealt with FDI for sensors in induction machines and in DFIGs, most of them rely on the machine model with constant parameters. However, the parameter uncertainties due to changes in the operating conditions will produce degradation in the performance of such FDI systems. The robust techniques to detect faults are exist but there is a need of extra sensor. This paper proposed a systematic methodology for the design of sensor FDI systems with the following characteristics: i) capable of detecting and isolating incipient additive (bias) faults, ii) robust against changes in the references/disturbances affecting the controlled DFIG and PMSG as well as modeling/parametric uncertainties, iii) residual generation system based on a multi-observer strategy to enhance the isolation process, The designed sensor FDI systems have been validated using measured voltages, as well as simulated data from a controlled DFIG. First the state space models of DFIG and PMSM explained followed by kalman filter introduction and current sensor fault detection using a bank of kalman filter named dedicated Observer Scheme and generalized Observer scheme to detect simultaneous and multiple faults was theorized and simulated using MATLAB simulation tool .The simulation results were summarized with and without Sensor fault.

R. Saravanakumar; M. Manimozhi; D.P. Kothari; M. Tejenosh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Existing Generating Unit in the United States by State and Energy Source, 2007  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7" 7" "Note: Descriptions of field names and codes can be obtained from the record layout in the Form EIA-860 source data file at www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html." "Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, ""Annual Electric Generator Report.""" "State","County","Utility ID","Company","Plant ID","Plant Name","Primary Purpose Code","Generator ID","Nameplate Capacity (Megawatts)","Summer Capacity (Megawatts)","Winter Capacity (Megawatts)","MultiGenerator Code","Prime Mover","Energy Source 1","Energy Source 2","Initial Month of Operation","Initial Year of Operation","Unit Status"

175

Existing Generating Unit in the United States by State and Energy Source, 2008  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8" 8" "Note: Descriptions of field names and codes can be obtained from the record layout in the Form EIA-860 source data file at www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html." "Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, ""Annual Electric Generator Report.""" "State","County","Utility ID","Company","Plant ID","Plant Name","Primary Purpose Code","Generator ID","Nameplate Capacity (Megawatts)","Summer Capacity (Megawatts)","Winter Capacity (Megawatts)","MultiGenerator Code","Prime Mover","Energy Source 1","Energy Source 2","Initial Month of Operation","Initial Year of Operation","Unit Status"

176

Physical modeling of wind turbine generators in a small scale analog system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This project represents the physical modeling and experimental test of a Doubly-fed Induction Machine (DFIM), in order to substantially analyze the characteristic behaviors of wind turbines and its use in the micro-grid ...

Wang, Xuntuo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Using the Biphase Turbine to Generate Useful Energy from Process Streams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

devices' (steam or hydraulic turbines for example) have been demonstrated in its application to geothermal energy conversion. Its development and application to other areas such as waste-heat recovery, desalination, solar cooling, and now, two phase...

Helgeson, N. L.; Studhalter, W. R.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

La Spezia power plant: Conversion of units 1 and 2 to combined cycle with modification of steam turbines from cross compound to tandem compound  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Units 1 and 2 of ENEL's La Spezia power plant, rated 310 and 325 MW respectively, are going to be converted to combined cycle. This project will be accomplished by integrating components such as gas turbines and HRSGs with some of the existing components, particularly the steam turbines, which are of the cross compound type. Since the total power of each converted unit has to be kept at 335 MW because of permitting limitations, the power delivered by the steam turbine will be limited to about 115 MW. For this reason a study was carried out to verify the possibility of having only one shaft and modifying the turbine to tandem compound. As additional investments are required for this modification, a balance was performed that also took into account the incremental heat rate and, on the other hand, the benefits from decreased maintenance and increased availability and reliability calculated for the expected useful life. The result of this balance was in favor of the modification, and a decision was taken accordingly. The turbine modification will involve replacing the whole HP section with a new combined HP-IP section while retaining the corresponding LP rotor and cylinder and making the needed changes in the valve arrangements and piping. Work on the site began in the spring of 1997 by dismantling the existing boiler so as to have the space needed to install the GTs and HRSGs. The first synchronization of the converted unit 1 is scheduled for November 1999

Magneschi, P.; Gabiccini, S.; Bracaloni, N.; Fiaschi, C.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Materials use in electricity generators in wind turbines – state-of-the-art and future specifications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The European Strategic Energy Technology Plan, adopted by the European Union in 2008, is a first step to establish an energy technology policy for Europe and to support the 2020 energy and climate change targets from the technology development point of view. One of its initiatives is to assess the characteristics of the materials that will be needed in order to achieve the 2020 targets, in terms both of amounts of materials and their technical specifications, along with the way to get there for the latter. The Materials Initiative was created to foster a roadmap which is based on a scientific assessment of the current situation. This paper presents the work of the author in the (wind turbine) electricity generator part of that assessment, it includes the aspects of technology and system state-of-the-art; material supply status; on-going research and players; materials specification targets for 2020/2030 and beyond. The assessment found that the performance of permanent magnets is the single item potentially to provide the most significant improvement in component specification, but that in order to achieve this perhaps new chemical components –based on rare earths, as currently, or not-will be necessary in order to achieve these high-performance magnets. The search for these new materials is stimulated by the current dependency of the world in a nearly-monopolistic supplier of rare earth elements. The assessment also concluded that the improvement of materials specifications is challenging but achievable in most areas, and a crucial aspect for the necessary cost reductions in wind energy production.

Roberto Lacal-Arántegui

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Existing Generating Unit in the United States by State and Energy Source, 2009  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

09" 09" "Note: Descriptions of field names and codes can be obtained from the record layout in the Form EIA-860 source data file at www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html." "Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, ""Annual Electric Generator Report.""" "State","County","Utility ID","Company","Plant ID","Plant Name","Primary Purpose Code","Generator ID","Nameplate Capacity (Megawatts) ","Summer Capacity (Megawatts)","Winter Capacity (Megawatts)","Multigenerator Code","Prime Mover","Energy Source 1","Energy Source 2","Initial Month of Operation","Initial Year of Operation","Unit Status"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Existing Generating Unit in the United States by State and Energy Source, 2010  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10" 10" "Note: Descriptions of field names and codes can be obtained from the record layout in the Form EIA-860 source data file at www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html." "Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, ""Annual Electric Generator Report.""" "State","County","Utility ID","Company","Plant ID","Plant Name","Primary Purpose Code","Generator ID","Nameplate Capacity (Megawatts) ","Summer Capacity (Megawatts)","Winter Capacity (Megawatts)","Multigenerator Code","Prime Mover","Energy Source 1","Energy Source 2","Initial Month of Operation","Initial Year of Operation","Unit Status"

182

Elevated Temperature Materials for Power Generation and Propulsion The energy industry is designing higher-efficiency land-based turbines for natural gas-fired  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

higher-efficiency land-based turbines for natural gas-fired power generation systems. The high inletElevated Temperature Materials for Power Generation and Propulsion The energy industry is designing of thermomechanical fatigue life of the next generation's Ni-base superalloys are being developed to enhance life

Li, Mo

183

Turbine layout for and optimization of solar chimney power conversion units.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The power conversion unit of a large solar chimney power plant converts the fluid power, first into mechanical power, and then into electrical… (more)

Fluri, Thomas Peter

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Case History of Reapplication of a 2500 KW Steam Turbine/Gear Drive Generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the application. All the equipment was to be reconditioned and/or rerated for this new application. The specification called for all the equipment to be mounted on a skid at grade level. This meant an up exhaust turbine would be required. The lubrication... was to be reconditioned and/or rerated for this new application. The specification called for all the equipment to be mounted on a skid at grade level. This meant an up exhaust turbine would be required. The lubrication system selected was also to be mounted on the skid...

Smith, S.

185

The concept of new-generation steam turbines for the coal power engineering of Russia. Part 2. Substantiating the long-term strength of the steam turbine’s high-temperature rotors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibility of constructing a K-660-30 two-cylinder steam turbine for ultrasupercritical steam conditions with reheating, the ... is substantiated. It is shown that this turbine can be constructed using the a...

A. G. Kostyuk; V. G. Gribin; A. D. Trukhnii

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Wind Turbine Competition Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Turbine Competition Introduction: The Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers, SHPE at UTK, wishes to invite you to participate in our first `Wind Turbine' competition as part of Engineer's Week). You will be evaluated by how much power your wind turbine generates at the medium setting of our fan

Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

187

MHK Technologies/The Davis Hydro Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydro Turbine Hydro Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage The Davis Hydro Turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Blue Energy Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Cross Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description The Blue Energy Ocean Turbine acts as a highly efficient underwater vertical axis windmill Four fixed hydrofoil blades of the turbine are connected to a rotor that drives an integrated gearbox and electrical generator assembly The turbine is mounted in a durable concrete marine caisson that anchors the unit to the ocean floor and the structure directs flow through the turbine further concentrating the resource supporting the coupler gearbox and generator above the rotor These sit above the surface of the water and are readily accessible for maintenance and repair The hydrofoil blades employ a hydrodynamic lift principal that causes the turbine foils to move proportionately faster than the speed of the surrounding water Computer optimized cross flow design ensures that the rotation of the turbine is unidirectional on both the ebb and flow of the tide

188

Hybrid Electro-Mechanical Simulation Tool for Wind Turbine Generators: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the use of MATLAB/Simulink to simulate the electrical and grid-related aspects of a WTG and the FAST aero-elastic wind turbine code to simulate the aerodynamic and mechanical aspects of the WTG. The combination of the two enables studies involving both electrical and mechanical aspects of the WTG.

Singh, M.; Muljadi, E.; Jonkman, J.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Wind turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

turbine turbine Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Wind turbine: A machine that converts wind energy to mechanical energy; typically connected to a generator to produce electricity. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Contents 1 Types of Wind Turbines 1.1 Vertical Axis Wind Turbines 1.2 Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines 2 Wind Turbine Sizes 3 Components of a Wind Turbine 4 References Types of Wind Turbines There are two basic wind turbine designs: those with a vertical axis (sometimes referred to as VAWTs) and those with a horizontal axis (sometimes referred to as HAWTs). There are several manufacturers of vertical axis turbines, but they have not penetrated the "utility scale" (100 kW capacity and larger) market to the same degree as horizontal axis turbines.[1]

190

Modelling and control of a variable speed wind turbine driving doubly fed induction generator using three-level PWM converter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this researcher is to develop a complete wind central model driven doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) which feeds an AC power grid. For that, two-pulse width modulated (PWM) voltage converters are connected back to back between the rotor terminals of DFIG and the utility grid via a common DC link, in there, our contribution will appear in the utilisation of three levels voltage inverters in order to ameliorate the energy quality. The simulation was carried out on a 2 MW wind-turbine driven DFIG system and the developed unified model validity and the proposed control strategies feasibility are all confirmed by the simulated results.

Fairouz Kendouli; Khoudir Abed; Khalil Nabti; Hocine Benalla

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Fuel Consumption for Electricity Generation, All Sectors United States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Fuel Consumption for Electricity Generation, All Sectors Fuel Consumption for Electricity Generation, All Sectors United States Coal (thousand st/d) .................... 2,361 2,207 2,586 2,287 2,421 2,237 2,720 2,365 2,391 2,174 2,622 2,286 2,361 2,437 2,369 Natural Gas (million cf/d) ............. 20,952 21,902 28,751 21,535 20,291 22,193 28,174 20,227 20,829 22,857 29,506 21,248 23,302 22,736 23,627 Petroleum (thousand b/d) ........... 128 127 144 127 135 128 135 119 131 124 134 117 131 129 127 Residual Fuel Oil ...................... 38 28 36 29 30 31 33 29 31 30 34 27 33 31 30 Distillate Fuel Oil ....................... 26 24 27 28 35 30 30 26 31 26 28 25 26 30 28 Petroleum Coke (a) .................. 59 72 78 66 63 63 66 59 62 63 67 60 69 63 63 Other Petroleum Liquids (b) ..... 5 3 4 4 7 5 5 5 7 5 5 5 4 6 6 Northeast Census Region Coal (thousand st/d) ....................

192

Wind Turbine Manufacturers in the United States: Locations and Local Impacts (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Suzanne Tegen's presentation about U.S. wind energy manufacturing (presented at WINDPOWER 2010 in Dallas) provides information about challenges to modeling renewables; wind energy's economic "ripple effect"; case studies about wind-related manufacturing in Colorado, Iowa, Ohio, and Indiana; manufacturing maps for the Great Lakes region, Arkansas, and the United States; sample job announcements; and U.S. Treasury Grant 1603 funding.

Tegen, S.

2010-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

193

Chapter 1 - Gas Turbines: An Introduction and Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The gas turbine is the most versatile item of turbomachinery today. It can be used in several different modes in critical industries such as power generation, oil and gas, process plants, aviation, as well domestic and smaller related industries. A gas turbine essentially brings together air that it compresses in its compressor module, and fuel, which are then ignited. Resulting gases are expanded through a turbine. That turbine’s shaft continues to rotate and drive the compressor, which is on the same shaft, and operation continues. A separate starter unit is used to provide the first rotor motion until the turbine’s rotation is up to design speed and can keep the entire unit running. The compressor module, combustor module, and turbine module connected by one or more shafts are collectively called the gas generator. The first half of this chapter looks at some typical examples of land, air, and sea use. The second half of this chapter deals in more detail with different applications and their subdivisions. “The farther backwards you can look, the farther forward you are likely to see.” —Winston Churchill

Claire Soares

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Optimal site matching of wind turbine generator: Case study of the Gulf of Suez region in Egypt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During the last few years, Egypt has emerged as the leader of wind power in the Middle East and Africa. In the Gulf of Suez region, a continuously expanding large-scale grid-connected wind farm is available at Zafarana site. The Gulf of EL-Zayt site in the Gulf of Suez region is now under extensive studies related to wind power projects such as feasibility and bird migration studies. Therefore, the Gulf of Suez region is considered in this paper for optimal site matching of wind turbine generator (WTG). This paper treats the problem of site matching of WTG through improved formulation of the capacity factor. Such factor is estimated based on Weibull PDF and an accurate model for the WTG output-power-curve. Ornithological, martial, and other limitations placed on WTG hub heights in the Gulf of Suez region in Egypt are taken into account. In addition, a MATLAB based program is created to implement the presented technique of optimal site matching of WTG. Based on turbine-performance-index (TPI) maximization, optimal output-power-curve and optimal commercial WTG are determined for each candidate site in the Gulf of Suez region. Long-term performance measurements at Zafarana wind farms in comparison with the results are used to validate the presented technique and the optimality of the results.

M. EL-Shimy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Energy and exergy analyses of an externally fired gas turbine (EFGT) cycle integrated with biomass gasifier for distributed power generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biomass based decentralized power generation using externally fired gas turbine (EFGT) can be a technically feasible option. In this work, thermal performance and sizing of such plants have been analyzed at different cycle pressure ratio (rp = 2?8), turbine inlet temperature (TIT = 1050–1350 K) and the heat exchanger cold end temperature difference (CETD = 200–300 K). It is found that the thermal efficiency of the EFGT plant reaches a maximum at an optimum pressure ratio depending upon the TIT and heat exchanger CETD. For a particular pressure ratio, thermal efficiency increases either with the increase in TIT or with the decrease in heat exchanger CETD. The specific air flow, associated with the size of the plant equipment, decreases with the increase in pressure ratio. This decrease is rapid at the lower end of the pressure ratio (rp < 4) but levels-off at higher rp values. An increase in the TIT reduces the specific air flow, while a change in the heat exchanger CETD has no influence on it. Based on this comparison, the performance of a 100 kW EFGT plant has been analyzed for three sets of operating parameters and a trade-off in the operating condition is reached.

Amitava Datta; Ranjan Ganguly; Luna Sarkar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Turbine-Turbine Interaction and Performance Detailed (Fact Sheet), NREL Highlights, Science  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Next-generation modeling capability assesses wind turbine array fluid dynamics and aero-elastic simulations.

Not Available

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Original articles: Flicker mitigation in a doubly fed induction generator wind turbine system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) control for wind energy generation. The DFIG model is established and the adopted control strategies for machine side and grid side converters are described. Flicker phenomenon is defined and ... Keywords: Doubly fed induction generator, Flicker, Machine side converter, Power quality, Wind power generation

Mohamed Machmoum; Ahmad Hatoum; Toufik Bouaouiche

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

The analysis and specification of large high-pressure, high-temperature valves for combustion turbine protection in second-generation PFB power plants: Topical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to provide a specification for the high-pressure/high-temperature valves for turbine overspeed protection in a commercial-scale second-generation pressurized fluidized bed combustion (PFBC) power plant. In the event of a loss of external (generator) load, the gas turbine rapidly accelerates from its normal operating speed. Protection from excessive overspeed can be maintained by actuation of fuel isolation and air bypass valves. A design specification for these valves was developed by analyses of the turbine/compressor interaction during a loss of load and analyses of pressure and flow transients during operation of the overspeed protection valves. The basis for these analyses was the Phase 1 plant conceptual design prepared in 1987.

Not Available

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Wind Turbine Basics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Turbine Basics Turbine Basics Wind Turbine Basics July 30, 2013 - 2:58pm Addthis Energy 101: Wind Turbines Basics This video explains the basics of how wind turbines operate to produce clean power from an abundant, renewable resource-the wind. Text Version Wind turbine assembly Although all wind turbines operate on similar principles, several varieties are in use today. These include horizontal axis turbines and vertical axis turbines. Horizontal Axis Turbines Horizontal axis turbines are the most common turbine configuration used today. They consist of a tall tower, atop which sits a fan-like rotor that faces into or away from the wind, a generator, a controller, and other components. Most horizontal axis turbines built today are two- or three-bladed. Horizontal axis turbines sit high atop towers to take advantage of the

200

Wind Turbine Basics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Wind Turbine Basics Wind Turbine Basics Wind Turbine Basics July 30, 2013 - 2:58pm Addthis Energy 101: Wind Turbines Basics This video explains the basics of how wind turbines operate to produce clean power from an abundant, renewable resource-the wind. Text Version Wind turbine assembly Although all wind turbines operate on similar principles, several varieties are in use today. These include horizontal axis turbines and vertical axis turbines. Horizontal Axis Turbines Horizontal axis turbines are the most common turbine configuration used today. They consist of a tall tower, atop which sits a fan-like rotor that faces into or away from the wind, a generator, a controller, and other components. Most horizontal axis turbines built today are two- or three-bladed. Horizontal axis turbines sit high atop towers to take advantage of the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Control strategies of doubly fed induction generator-based wind turbine system with new rotor current protection topology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A protection scheme of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind turbine system during faults is crowbar activation. With this protection the rotor side converter (RSC) is temporarily disconnected and its vector control over the stator active and reactive power is lost leading to poor power quality at the point of common coupling (PCC). This paper presents a new protection scheme for transient rotor current to improve the performance of DFIG during grid disturbance. The new scheme consisting of a crowbar and series circuit is connected between the rotor windings and RSC to enhance the low voltage ride-through capability of DFIG. The proposed scheme successfully limits the transient rotor current and dc-link voltage and a disconnection of RSC from the rotor windings is avoided during fault. Additionally RSC and grid-side converter controllers are modified to improve the voltage at PCC. Simulations on matlab/Simulink verify the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

Jackson John Justo; Kyoung-Soo Ro

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Coal-gasification/MHD/steam-turbine combined-cycle (GMS) power generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The coal-gasification/MHD/steam-turbine combined cycle (GMS) refers to magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) systems in which coal gasification is used to supply a clean fuel (free of mineral matter and sulfur) for combustion in an MHD electrical power plant. Advantages of a clean-fuel system include the elimination of mineral matter or slag from all components other than the coal gasifier and gas cleanup system; reduced wear and corrosion on components; and increased seed recovery resulting from reduced exposure of seed to mineral matter or slag. Efficiencies in some specific GMS power plants are shown to be higher than for a comparably sized coal-burning MHD power plant. The use of energy from the MHD exhaust gas to gasify coal (rather than the typical approach of burning part of the coal) results in these higher efficiencies.

Lytle, J.M.; Marchant, D.D.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Quantifying Avoided Fuel Use and Emissions from Solar Photovoltaic Generation in the Western United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantifying Avoided Fuel Use and Emissions from Solar Photovoltaic Generation in the Western United States ... National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1617 Cole Blvd, Golden, Colorado 80401 ...

Paul Denholm; Robert M. Margolis; James M. Milford

2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

204

Fuel-Slurry Integrated Gasifier/Gas Turbine (FSIG/GT) Alternative for Power Generation Applied to Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The gas is cleaned to bring the particle content and size as well alkaline concentration within the acceptable limits for injections into standard gas turbines. ... The proper disposal and use of Municipal Solid Wastes (MSW) for power generation remains among the most pressing problems of medium to large cities. ... Bubble sizes and raising velocities through the gasifier bed (Configuration A). ...

Marcio L. de Souza-Santos; Kevin B. Ceribeli

2013-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

205

Experience in operating and reconstructing the turbine bearings of units of the Sayano-Shushenskoe hydroelectric station  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 15-year operating experience showed that the right choice of the design of the guide bearing was made. Today it can be considered among the most reliable components of the turbine. The existing opinion abo...

G. I. Nikitenko

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

NREL: Learning - Wind Energy Basics: How Wind Turbines Work  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wind Energy Basics: How Wind Turbines Work Wind Energy Basics: How Wind Turbines Work We have been harnessing the wind's energy for hundreds of years. From old Holland to farms in the United States, windmills have been used for pumping water or grinding grain. Today, the windmill's modern equivalent-a wind turbine-can use the wind's energy to generate electricity. Wind turbines, like windmills, are mounted on a tower to capture the most energy. At 100 feet (30 meters) or more aboveground, they can take advantage of the faster and less turbulent wind. Turbines catch the wind's energy with their propeller-like blades. Usually, two or three blades are mounted on a shaft to form a rotor. A blade acts much like an airplane wing. When the wind blows, a pocket of low-pressure air forms on the downwind side of the blade. The low-pressure

207

Backstepping control of DFIG generators for wide-range variable-speed wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we have presented a general study of self excited induction generator used in isolated renewable energy conversion source. Tthe behaviour of generated voltage under variable load, rotor speed and excitation capacitance is presented. Also, we have proposed a robust controller suitable in order to control the terminal DC voltage under different speed and AC load conditions for supplied an isolated DC load. The experimental characteristic curve of the generator and simulation result of proposed control scheme are presented.

Badre Bossoufi; Mohammed Karim; Ahmed Lagrioui; Mohammed Taoussi; Mohamed Larbi ElHafyani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Brushless Doubly Fed Induction Generator Based Wind Turbine Drivetrain Under Grid Fault Conditions:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??With growing interest in sustainable forms of energy, the wind industry is growing rapidly. The Doubly Fed Induction Generator is the most popular choice for… (more)

Shipurkar, U.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Darrieus vertical axis wind turbine for power generation I: Assessment of Darrieus VAWT configurations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper aims to assess the Darrieus vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) configurations, including the drawbacks of each variation that hindered the development into large scale rotor. A comprehensive timeline is given as a lineage chart. The variations are assessed on the performance, components and operational reliability. In addition, current development and future prospects of Darrieus VAWT are presented. The Darrieus VAWT patented in France in 1925 and in the US in 1931 had two configurations: (i) curved blades and (ii) straight blades configurations. Curved blades configuration (egg-beater or phi-rotor) has evolved from the conventional guy-wires support into fixed-on-tower and cantilevered versions. Straight blades configuration used to have variable-geometry (Musgrove-rotor), variable-pitch (Giromill), Diamond, Delta and V/Y rotor variations. They were stopped due to low economical value, i.e. high specific cost of energy (COE). Musgrove-rotor has evolved into fixed-pitch straight-bladed H-rotor (referred as H-rotor in this paper for simplicity). H-rotor, in turn, has evolved into several variations: Articulating, Tilted and Helical H-rotors.

Willy Tjiu; Tjukup Marnoto; Sohif Mat; Mohd Hafidz Ruslan; Kamaruzzaman Sopian

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Text to Text : plot unit searches generated from English  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The story of Macbeth centers around revenge. World War I was started by an act of revenge. Even though these two stories are seemingly unrelated, humans use the same concept to draw meaning from them. Plot units, revenge ...

Nackoul, David Douglas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Autonomous Control of Inverter-Interfaced Distributed Generation Units for Harmonic Current Filtering and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Autonomous Control of Inverter-Interfaced Distributed Generation Units for Harmonic Current-interfaced Distributed Generation (DG) units, which can autonomously share harmonic currents and resonance damping, such that harmonic resonances and voltage distortions can be damped. To autonomously share harmonic currents, a droop

Chen, Zhe

212

Tool-Assisted Unit-Test Generation and Selection Based on Operational Abstractions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tool-Assisted Unit-Test Generation and Selection Based on Operational Abstractions Tao Xie1 of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105 Abstract. Unit testing, a common step in software development, presents a chal- lenge. When produced manually, unit test suites are often insufficient to identify defects. The main

Xie, Tao

213

EIS-0476: Vogtle Electric Generating Plant, Units 3 and 4 | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

76: Vogtle Electric Generating Plant, Units 3 and 4 76: Vogtle Electric Generating Plant, Units 3 and 4 EIS-0476: Vogtle Electric Generating Plant, Units 3 and 4 Summary This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts of construction and startup of the proposed Units 3 and 4 at the Vogtle Electric Generating Plant in Burke County, Georgia. DOE adopted two Nuclear Regulatory Commission EISs associated with this project (i.e., NUREG-1872, issued 8/2008, and NUREG-1947, issued 3/2011). Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download February 17, 2012 EIS-0476: Notice of Adoption of Final Environmental Impact Statement Vogtle Electric Generating Plant, Units 3 and 4, Issuance of a Loan Guarantee to Support Funding for Construction, Burke County, GA

214

A Portable Expert System for Gas Turbine Maintenance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combustion turbines for electric power generation and industrial applications have steadily increased in size, efficiency and prominence. The newest class of gas turbine-generators coming into service will deliver 150 megawatts, with turbine inlet...

Quentin, G. H.

215

On modelling of grouped reliability data for wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......generation by wind turbines (WTs) has...large-scale offshore developments...generation by wind turbines (WTs) has...large-scale offshore developments...UK, most wind turbines (WTs) have...likely that offshore WTs will play......

F. P. A. Coolen; F. Spinato; D. Venkat

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Technological features and operating modes of bottom turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Technological features and the startup and operation modes of a power unit consisting of an R-type turbine and a bottom turbine connected to it are considered.

L. S. Ioffe

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Simulation for Wind Turbine Generators -- With FAST and MATLAB-Simulink Modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the work done to develop generator and gearbox models in the Matrix Laboratory (MATLAB) environment and couple them to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Fatigue, Aerodynamics, Structures, and Turbulence (FAST) program. The goal of this project was to interface the superior aerodynamic and mechanical models of FAST to the excellent electrical generator models found in various Simulink libraries and applications. The scope was limited to Type 1, Type 2, and Type 3 generators and fairly basic gear-train models. Future work will include models of Type 4 generators and more-advanced gear-train models with increased degrees of freedom. As described in this study, implementation of the developed drivetrain model enables the software tool to be used in many ways. Several case studies are presented as examples of the many types of studies that can be performed using this tool.

Singh, M.; Muljadi, E.; Jonkman, J.; Gevorgian, V.; Girsang, I.; Dhupia, J.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Economical Condensing Turbines?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an engineer decide when to conduct an in depth study of the economics either in the company or outside utilizing professional engineers who are experts in this type of project. Condensing steam turbines may not be economical when the fuel is purchased...Economical Condensing Turbines? by J.E.Dean, P.E. Steam turbines have long been used at utilities and in industry to generate power. There are three basic types of steam turbines: condensing, letdown 1 and extraction/condensing. ? Letdown...

Dean, J. E.

219

STOCHASTIC FLOW SEQUENCE GENERATION AND ASPINALL UNIT OPERATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the University of Colorado in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Science by Professor Balaji Rajagopalan The Aspinall Unit is comprised of three reservoirs that lie on the western for the Colorado River Basin, paleo reconstructed flows dating back to the 1500's suggest that such events

220

Experience in operating and reconstructing the turbine bearings of units of the Sayano-Shushenskoe hydroelectric station  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article reviews some of the operations and maintenance experiences at the Sayano-Shushenskoe hydroelectric sstation in Russia. In particular, the experiences gained in the operation of the turbines and the reconstruction of the turbine bearings are noted. The compact layout of this facility did not permit the traditional babbitt bearing or rubber ring bearing with water lubrication. Instead, a rubber sugmented bearing with water lubrication was used. The design and construction of this bearing, as well as the operation and maintenance of this bearing, is discussed in this article. The operating experiences have shown that the component is highly reliable.

Nikitenko, G.I.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Siting and sizing of distributed generation units using GA and OPF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with the important task of finding the optimal siting and sizing of Distributed Generation (DG) units for a given distribution network so that the cost of active and reactive power generation can be minimized. The optimization technique ... Keywords: distributed generation, genetic alghorithm(GA), optimal power flow(OPF)

M. Hosseini Aliabadi; M. Mardaneh; B. Behbahan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Impacts of Wind Turbine Proximity on Property Values in Massachusetts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Industrial Wind Turbine Noise on Sleep and Health.Waye, K. P. (2007) Wind Turbine Noise, Annoyance and Self-and Annoyance of Wind Turbine Noise. Acta Acus- tica United

Atkinson-Palombo, Carol

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Single rotor turbine engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

There has been invented a turbine engine with a single rotor which cools the engine, functions as a radial compressor, pushes air through the engine to the ignition point, and acts as an axial turbine for powering the compressor. The invention engine is designed to use a simple scheme of conventional passage shapes to provide both a radial and axial flow pattern through the single rotor, thereby allowing the radial intake air flow to cool the turbine blades and turbine exhaust gases in an axial flow to be used for energy transfer. In an alternative embodiment, an electric generator is incorporated in the engine to specifically adapt the invention for power generation. Magnets are embedded in the exhaust face of the single rotor proximate to a ring of stationary magnetic cores with windings to provide for the generation of electricity. In this alternative embodiment, the turbine is a radial inflow turbine rather than an axial turbine as used in the first embodiment. Radial inflow passages of conventional design are interleaved with radial compressor passages to allow the intake air to cool the turbine blades.

Platts, David A. (Los Alamos, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Predicting underwater radiated noise levels due to the first offshore wind turbine installation in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Noise generated by offshore impact pile driving radiates into the air water and sediment. Predicting noise levels around the support structures at sea is required to estimate the effects of the noise on marine life. Based on high demands developing renewable energy source the United States will begin the first pile driving within one to two years. It is necessary to investigate acoustic impact using our previously verified coupled Finite Element (Commercial FE code Abaqus) and Monterey Miami Parabolic Equation (2D MMPE) models [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 131(4) 3392 (2012)]. In the present study we developed a new coupled FE-MMPE model for the identification of zone of injury due to offshore impact pile driving. FE analysis produced acoustic pressure outputs on the surface of the pile which are used as a starting field for a long range 2D MMPE propagation model. It calculates transmission loss for N different azimuthal directions as function of distance from the location of piling with the inputs of corresponding bathymetry and sediment properties. We will present predicted zone of injury by connecting N different distances of equivalent level fishes may get permanent injury due to the first offshore wind farm installation in the United States.

James H. Miller

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Combined Heat and Power Plant Steam Turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combined Heat and Power Plant Steam Turbine Steam Turbine Chiller Campus Heat Load Steam (recovered waste heat) Gas Turbine University Substation High Pressure Natural Gas Campus Electric Load Southern Generator Heat Recovery Alternative Uses: 1. Campus heating load 2. Steam turbine chiller to campus cooling

Rose, Michael R.

226

5th International Meeting Wind Turbine Noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 5th International Meeting on Wind Turbine Noise Denver 28 ­ 30 August 2013 Wind Turbine Noise Broadband noise generated aerodynamically is the dominant noise source for a modern wind turbine(Brooks et, clean energy. While profiting from wind energy, the noise produced by a modern wind turbine becomes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

227

AEO2011: Renewable Energy Generation by Fuel - United States | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United States United States Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 120, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses gigawatts, billion kilowatthours and quadrillion Btu. The data is broken down into generating capacity, electricity generation and energy consumption. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Renewable Energy Generation United States Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Renewable Energy Generation by Fuel - United States- Reference Case (xls, 119.5 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

228

Methodology The electricity generation and distribution network in the Western United States is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methodology The electricity generation and distribution network in the Western United States is comprised of power plants, electric utilities, electrical transformers, transmission and distribution infrastructure, etc. We conceptualize the system as a transportation network with resources (electricity

Hall, Sharon J.

229

Hydrogen Generation from Dimethyl Ether for Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Units  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen Generation from Dimethyl Ether for Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Units ... Vehicle manufacturers are rushing ahead with research into alternative fuels such as dimethyl ether (DME), biodiesel, methanol, ethanol, and hydrogen. ...

Marita Nilsson; Lars J. Pettersson; Bĺrd Lindström

2006-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

230

Steady-state analysis of doubly fed induction generators for wind turbines using MATLAB  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A wind energy conversion system (WECS) differs from a conventional power system. The power output of a conventional power plant can be controlled whereas; the power output of a WECS depends on the wind. This nature of WECS makes it difficult for analysis, design and management. Various approaches have been developed to study the behaviour of WECS. In this paper, the steady-state characteristics of a WECS using doubly fed induction generators (DFIG) are analysed using MATLAB. The dynamic steady-state simulation model of the DFIG is developed using MATLAB. Simulation analysis is performed to investigate a variety of DFIG characteristics, including torque-speed, real and reactive-power over speed characteristics. Based on the analysis, the DFIG operating characteristics are studied.

B. Baby Priya; A. Chilambuchelvan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Marine-current power generation by diffuser-augmented floating hydro-turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The oceans represent a huge energy reservoir consistent of stored solar and gravitational energy in several forms, causing ceaseless movements of an enormous volume of water. This energy is generally diffuse but, in many cases, significantly more concentrated than other forms of renewable energy already being successfully exploited on land. Among the ocean-energy resources, wave and marine-current energy emerge as the most promising options for massive ocean-energy generation in the immediate future. The main objective of this paper is to focus on trends that can lead to a feasible massive marine-current-power future scenario, and to introduce a technological solution which could help to reach that goal. We shall describe the main features of a floating marine-current-power system that introduces conceptual innovations in order to improve the technical and economical performance.

F.L. Ponta; P.M. Jacovkis

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Analysis of variable-frequency currents superimposed on DC currents in asynchronous HVDC Links in stressing turbine-generator-exciter shafts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ripple currents on the DC side of both HVDC asynchronous and synchronous Links can excite in some circumstances onerous torsional vibrations in large steam generator shafts. The problem has assumed importance in recent months on account of the HVDC Link between Scotland and Northern Ireland going ahead, on account of the proposed Eire/Wales Link, because AC/DC/AC couplers are to be installed to interconnect the East and West European Grid Systems, and because resonances have been observed on machines in close proximity to AC/DCIAC couplers and HVDC Links. This paper discusses and analyses excitation of shaft torsional vibrations in steam turbine-generator-exciter shafts in close proximity to HVDC converter stations by variable-frequency ripple currents superimposed on DC currents in asynchronous Links. It presents technical knowledge not arranged for convenient reference heretofore in studying possible excitation of turbine-generator-v/ exciter shaft torsional vibrations by non-characteristic HVDC converter harmonic currents if a machine should be considered to be at risk. Shaft torques in multi-machine networks are evaluated by proportioning HVDC Link disturbance currents to each machine at risk using system network data, generator data and fault analysis data considering frequency dependence of the system parameters. This scaling factor is calculated for different scenarios of system operation and load. Equivalent circuits for the synchronous generator are employed appropriately to correlate HVDC Link disturbance current impressed on the generator stator with s state torque excitation from which magnitude of turbine-generator-exciter shaft torque is deduced.

Hammons, T.J.; Bremner, J.J. [Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)] [Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Proposal for the Award of a Contract for the Supply and Installation of a gas Turbine for Combined Generation of Electricity and Heat in the Heating Plant on the Meyrin Site  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal for the Award of a Contract for the Supply and Installation of a gas Turbine for Combined Generation of Electricity and Heat in the Heating Plant on the Meyrin Site

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Quantifying the Air Pollution Exposure Consequences of Distributed Electricity Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar Turbines Inc Olinda Generating Plant Marina Landfill GasSolar Turbines Inc Olinda Generating Plant Marina Landfill Gas

Heath, Garvin A.; Granvold, Patrick W.; Hoats, Abigail S.; Nazaroff, William W

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Energy Conversion Unit with Optimized Waveform Generation Sally Sajadian and Euzeli C. dos Santos Jr.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Conversion Unit with Optimized Waveform Generation Sally Sajadian and Euzeli C. dos Santos to increase the efficiency of the devices dealing with energy conversion. The power supplies devices able and interleaved converters. This paper proposes an energy conversion unit constituted by a single-phase DC

Zhou, Yaoqi

236

Aviation turbine fuels, 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Properties of some aviation turbine fuels marketed in the United States during 1980 are presented in this report. The samples represented are typical 1980 production and were analyzed in the laboratories of 17 manufacturers of aviation turbine (jet) fuels. The data were submitted for study, calculation, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Results for the properties of 98 samples of aviation turbine fuels are included in the report for military grades JP-4 and JP-5 and commercial type Jet A.

Shelton, E.M.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Aviation turbine fuels, 1982  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Properties of some aviation turbine fuels marketed in the United States during 1982 are presented in this report. The samples represented are typical 1982 production and were analyzed in the laboratories of 14 manufacturers of aviation turbine (jet) fuels. The data were submitted for study, calculation, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Results for the properties of 90 samples of aviation turbine fuels are included in the report for military grades JP-4 and HP-5, and commercial type Jet A.

Shelton, E.M.; Dickson, C.L.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Aviation turbine fuels, 1979  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Properties of some aviation turbine fuels marketed in the United States during 1979 are presented in this report. The samples represented are typical 1979 production and were analyzed in the laboratories of 17 manufacturers of aviation turbine (jet) fuels. The data were submitted for study, calculation, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Results for the properties of 93 samples of aviation turbine fuels are included in the report for military grades JP-4 and JP-5, and commercial type Jet A.

Shelton, E.M.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Aviation turbine fuels, 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Properties of some aviation turbine fuels marketed in the United States during 1981 are presented in this report. The samples represented are typical 1981 production and were analyzed in the laboratories of 15 manufacturers of aviation turbine (jet) fuels. The data were submitted for study, calculation, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Results for the properties of 95 samples of aviation turbine fuels are included in the report for military grades JP-4 and JP-5, and commercial type Jet A.

Shelton, E.M.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Existing Generating Unit in the United States by State and Energy Source, 2003  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3" 3" "Note: Descriptions of field names and codes can be obtained from the record layout in the Form EIA-860 source data file at www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html." "Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, ""Annual Electric Generator Report.""" "State","County","Utility ID","Company","Plant ID","Plant Name","Primary Purpose Code","Generator ID","Nameplate Capacity (Megawatts)","Summer Capacity (Megawatts) ","Winter Capacity (Megawatts) ","Prime Mover","Energy Source 1","Energy Source 2 ","Initial Month of Operation","Initial Year

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Existing Generating Unit in the United States by State and Energy Source, 2005  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5" 5" "Note: Descriptions of field names and codes can be obtained from the record layout in the Form EIA-860 source data file at www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html." "Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, ""Annual Electric Generator Report.""" "State","County","Utility ID","Company","Plant ID","Plant Name","Primary Purpose Code","Generator ID","Nameplate Capacity (Megawatts)","Summer Capacity (Megawatts) ","Winter Capacity (Megawatts) ","Prime Mover","Energy Source 1","Energy Source 2 ","Initial Month of Operation","Initial Year

242

Existing Generating Unit in the United States by State and Energy Source, 2004  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4" 4" "Note: Descriptions of field names and codes can be obtained from the record layout in the Form EIA-860 source data file at www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html." "Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, ""Annual Electric Generator Report.""" "State","County","Utility ID","Company","Plant ID","Plant Name","Primary Purpose Code","Generator ID","Nameplate Capacity (Megawatts)","Summer Capacity (Megawatts) ","Winter Capacity (Megawatts) ","Prime Mover","Energy Source 1","Energy Source 2 ","Initial Month of Operation","Initial Year

243

Existing Generating Unit in the United States by State and Energy Source, 2006  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6" 6" "Note: Descriptions of field names and codes can be obtained from the record layout in the Form EIA-860 source data file at www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html." "Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, ""Annual Electric Generator Report.""" "State","County","Utility ID","Company","Plant ID","Plant Name","Primary Purpose Code","Generator ID","Nameplate Capacity (Megawatts)","Summer Capacity (Megawatts) ","Winter Capacity (Megawatts) ","Prime Mover","Energy Source 1","Energy Source 2 ","Initial Month of Operation","Initial Year

244

Modular Turbine Control Software: A Control Software Architecture for the ABB Gas Turbine Family  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABB Power Generation’s family of gas turbines covers the power range of 35 to 270 MW with five basic turbine types, which vary in size, combustion technology and equipment. Each type comes in several variatons...

Dr. Christopher Ganz; Michael Layes

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Sea trials for Eurodyn gas turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Eurodyn gas turbine concept is a collaboration between Ulstein Turbine, Turbomeca and Volvo Aero. It is also supported by the European Community under its high-technology Eureka program (EU 159). A full-size Eurodyn prototype has been running on a test bed in France since October 1992. A complete engine, including a power output gear-box, began parallel test bed trials in Norway in March 1993. Results to date indicate that these test engines have achieved efficiencies of 32.8%. The corresponding output is recorded as being 2.6 MW (ISO) with NO{sub x} emissions stated as being as low as 24 ppm (15% O{sub 2}) running on marine diesel fuel. The Eurodyn gas turbine is designed to provide some 9000 hours of operation between overhauls, effectively giving a typical fast ferry application something like three years of operation. The TBO for power generation applications is 20000 hours, which also means about three years of operation. Of particular significance in this gas turbine package is the incorporation of a dedicated output gearbox. For marine applications the gearbox developed by Ulstein Propeller is a compact and light two-stage epicyclic unit reducing the power turbine output speed of 13000 r/min down to 1000 r/min. 3 figs.

Kunberger, K.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Steam Path Audits on Industrial Steam Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

steam Path Audits on Industrial steam Turbines DOUGLAS R. MITCHELL. ENGINEER. ENCOTECH, INC., SCHENECTADY, NEW YORK ABSTRACT The electric utility industry has benefitted from steam path audits on steam turbines for several years. Benefits... not extend the turbine outage. To assure that all of the turbine audit data are available, the audit engineer must be at the turbine site the day the steam path is first exposed. A report of the opening audit findings is generated to describe the as...

Mitchell, D. R.

247

The concept of new-generation steam turbines for coal power engineering of Russia. Part 1. Economic and technical substantiation of the concept  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Development of the concept of designing modern steam turbines and its application to turbines for ultrasupercritical steam conditions are considered. The results from predraft designing of a turbine for ultras...

A. G. Kostyuk; V. G. Gribin; A. D. Trukhnii

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

NREL: Wind Research - Small Wind Turbine Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Small Wind Turbine Research Small Wind Turbine Research The National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Small Wind Project's objectives are to reduce barriers to wind energy expansion, stabilize the market, and expand the number of small wind turbine systems installed in the United States. "Small wind turbine" refers to a turbine smaller than or equal to 100 kilowatts (kW). "Distributed wind" includes small and midsize turbines (100 kW through 1 megawatt [MW]). Since 1996, NREL's small wind turbine research has provided turbine testing, turbine development, and prototype refinement leading to more commercially available small wind turbines. Work is conducted under the following areas. You can also learn more about state and federal policies

249

Pseudo-random number generators for Monte Carlo simulations on Graphics Processing Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basic uniform pseudo-random number generators are implemented on ATI Graphics Processing Units (GPU). The performance results of the realized generators (multiplicative linear congruential (GGL), XOR-shift (XOR128), RANECU, RANMAR, RANLUX and Mersenne Twister (MT19937)) on CPU and GPU are discussed. The obtained speed-up factor is hundreds of times in comparison with CPU. RANLUX generator is found to be the most appropriate for using on GPU in Monte Carlo simulations. The brief review of the pseudo-random number generators used in modern software packages for Monte Carlo simulations in high-energy physics is present.

Demchik, Vadim

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Pseudo-random number generators for Monte Carlo simulations on Graphics Processing Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basic uniform pseudo-random number generators are implemented on ATI Graphics Processing Units (GPU). The performance results of the realized generators (multiplicative linear congruential (GGL), XOR-shift (XOR128), RANECU, RANMAR, RANLUX and Mersenne Twister (MT19937)) on CPU and GPU are discussed. The obtained speed-up factor is hundreds of times in comparison with CPU. RANLUX generator is found to be the most appropriate for using on GPU in Monte Carlo simulations. The brief review of the pseudo-random number generators used in modern software packages for Monte Carlo simulations in high-energy physics is present.

Vadim Demchik

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

251

Generation risk assessment in volatile conditions with wind, hydro, and natural gas units  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper studies a generating company (GENCO)’s midterm (a few months to a year) scheduling payoffs and risks in volatile operating conditions. The proposed algorithm considers the integration of intermittent wind units into a GENCO’s generation assets and coordinates the GENCO’s hourly wind generation schedule with that of natural gas (NG) units (with volatile gas prices) and hydro units (with water inflow forecast) for maximizing the GENCO’s payoff. The proposed midterm GENCO model applies market price forecasts to the risk-constrained stochastic price-based unit commitment (PBUC) for calculating the GENCO’s risk in energy and ancillary services markets. The proposed PBUC minimizes the cost of (a) NG contracts, storage, startup and shutdown, (b) startup and shutdown of cascaded hydro units, and (c) penalty for defaulting on the scheduled power delivery. Simulation results show that the diversification of generating assets including bilateral contracts (BCs) could enhance the GENCO’s midterm planning by increasing the expected payoff and decreasing the financial risk.

Cem Sahin; Mohammad Shahidehpour; Ismet Erkmen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Application of CFB technology for large power generating units and CO{sub 2} capture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data on the development of the circulating fluidized bed (CFB) technology for combustion of fuels in large power generating units are examined. The problems with raising the steam parameters and unit power of boilers with a circulating fluidized bed are examined. With the boiler system at the 460 MW unit at Lagisza (Poland) as an example, the feasibility of raising the efficiency of units with CFB boilers through deep recovery of the heat of the effluent gases and reducing expenditure for in-house needs is demonstrated. Comparative estimates of the capital and operating costs of 225 and 330 MW units are used to determine the conditions for optimum use of CFB boilers in the engineering renovation of thermal power plants in Russia. New areas for the application of CFB technology in CO{sub 2} capture are analyzed in connection with the problem of reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Ryabov, G. A., E-mail: georgy.ryabov@gmail.com; Folomeev, O. M.; Sankin, D. A.; Khaneev, K. V.; Bondarenko, I. G.; Mel'nikov, D. A. [JSC 'All-Russian Thermotechnical Institute' ('VTI') (Russian Federation)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

253

NETL: News Release - Innovations in Gas Turbines to be Pursued in Two New  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4, 2000 4, 2000 Innovations in Gas Turbines to be Pursued In Two New Energy Department Projects GE to Develop Cleaner Combustors, "Smart" Sensors NISKAYUNA, NY - With the natural gas turbine fast becoming the workhorse for new power generating plants in the United States, the U.S. Department of Energy is preparing to award two new research contracts that could help improve the environmental performance and efficiencies of tomorrow's high-efficiency turbines. As part of a wide-ranging competition, the Department's National Energy Technology Laboratory has selected General Electric Co., Niskayuna, NY, for projects to develop a new gas turbine combustion system and a "Smart Power Turbine" sensor-and control system. A Cleaner Burning Combustor

254

Integration of Advanced Emissions Controls to Produce Next-Generation Circulating Fluid Bed Coal Generating Unit (withdrawn prior to award)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

contacts contacts Brad tomer Director Office of Major Demonstrations National Energy Technology Laboratory 3610 Collins Ferry Road P.O. Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26507-0880 304-285-4692 brad.tomer@netl.doe.gov PaRtIcIPant Colorado Springs Utilities Colorado Springs, CO aDDItIonaL tEaM MEMBERs Foster Wheeler Power Group, Inc. Clinton, NJ IntegratIon of advanced emIssIons controls to Produce next-generatIon cIrculatIng fluId Bed coal generatIng unIt (wIthdrawn PrIor to award) Project Description Colorado Springs Utilities (Springs Utilities) and Foster Wheeler are planning a joint demonstration of an advanced coal-fired electric power plant using advanced, low-cost emission control systems to produce exceedingly low emissions. Multi- layered emission controls will be

255

Experience of Implementing a PGU-200 MW Two-Boiler One-Turbine Unit at the South-West CHP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The engineering solutions for PGU-200 MW unit, the electrical distribution system layout, and the results of implementing the SPPA-T3000 control system are presented. The results of performance adjustment conf...

A. V. Chugin; M. S. Tsvetkov; R. I. Kostyuk…

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

The U.S. Department of Energy Wind Turbine Development Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of technologically-advanced wind turbines continues to be a high priority of the US wind industry. The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is sponsoring a range of projects that assist the wind industry to design, develop, and test new wind turbines. The overall goal is to develop turbines that can compete with conventional electric generation with a cost of energy (COE) of 5 cents/kWh at 5.8 m/s (13 mph sites) by the mid-1990s and with a cost of energy of 4 cents/kWh or less at 5.8 m/s sites by the year 2000. These goals will be supported through the DOE Turbine Development Program. The Turbine Development Program uses a two-path approach. The first path assists US industry to develop and integrate innovative technologies into utility-grade wind turbines for the near-term (mid-1990s). The second path assists industry to develop a new generation of turbines for the year 2000. This paper describes present and planned projects under the Turbine Development Program.

Link, H.; Laxson, A.; Smith, B. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Goldman, P. [Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Westwind Wind Turbines | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Name: Westwind Wind Turbines Place: Northern Ireland, United Kingdom Zip: BT29 4TF Sector: Wind energy Product: Northern Ireland based small scale wind...

258

Cost analysis of NOx control alternatives for stationary gas turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of stationary gas turbines for power generation has been growing rapidly with continuing trends predicted well into the future. Factors that are contributing to this growth include advances in turbine technology, operating and siting flexibility and low capital cost. Restructuring of the electric utility industry will provide new opportunities for on-site generation. In a competitive market, it maybe more cost effective to install small distributed generation units (like gas turbines) within the grid rather than constructing large power plants in remote locations with extensive transmission and distribution systems. For the customer, on-site generation will provide added reliability and leverage over the cost of purchased power One of the key issues that is addressed in virtually every gas turbine application is emissions, particularly NO{sub x} emissions. Decades of research and development have significantly reduced the NO{sub x} levels emitted from gas turbines from uncontrolled levels. Emission control technologies are continuing to evolve with older technologies being gradually phased-out while new technologies are being developed and commercialized. The objective of this study is to determine and compare the cost of NO{sub x} control technologies for three size ranges of stationary gas turbines: 5 MW, 25 MW and 150 MW. The purpose of the comparison is to evaluate the cost effectiveness and impact of each control technology as a function of turbine size. The NO{sub x} control technologies evaluated in this study include: Lean premix combustion, also known as dry low NO{sub x} (DLN) combustion; Catalytic combustion; Water/steam injection; Selective catalytic reduction (SCR)--low temperature, conventional, high temperature; and SCONO{sub x}{trademark}.

Bill Major

1999-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

259

Supply Curves for Rooftop Solar PV-Generated Electricity for the United States  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A0-44073 A0-44073 November 2008 Supply Curves for Rooftop Solar PV-Generated Electricity for the United States Paul Denholm and Robert Margolis Supply Curves for Rooftop Solar PV-Generated Electricity for the United States Paul Denholm and Robert Margolis Prepared under Task No. PVB7.6301 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A0-44073 November 2008 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

260

Extending the useful life of industrial steam turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that technology, uprating, and steam-path degradation reversal can extend the life and boost the efficiency of aging turbines. With the advent of modern machine tool technology, plus extensive R and D efforts, designers could apply improved bucket designs like the laminar flow design. Today's technology is represented by the Schlict design, which minimizes flow separations and boundary layer losses. Schlict buckets can be retrofitted in most designs as long as the diaphragm is also replaced. Adoption of steam-path design advance developed for new units and degradation reversal are the two areas of greatest opportunity in efficiency improvement of aging steam turbine-generators.

O'Connor, M.F.; Timmerman, D.C. (GE Power Generation, Schenectady, NY (US))

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A unit commitment study of the application of energy storage toward the integration of renewable generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To examine the potential benefits of energy storage in the electric grid a generalized unit commitment model of thermal generating units and energy storage facilities is developed. Three different storage scenarios were tested—two without limits to total storage assignment and one with a constrained maximum storage portfolio. Given a generation fleet based on the City of Austin’s renewable energy deployment plans results from the unlimited energy storage deployment scenarios studied show that if capital costs are ignored large quantities of seasonal storage are preferred. This operational approach enables storage of plentiful wind generation during winter months that can then be dispatched during high cost peak periods in the summer. These two scenarios yielded $70 million and $94 million in yearly operational cost savings but would cost hundreds of billions to implement. Conversely yearly cost reductions of $40 million can be achieved with one compressed air energy storage facility and a small set of electrochemical storage devices totaling 13?GWh of capacity. Similarly sized storage fleets with capital costs service lifetimes and financing consistent with these operational cost savings can yield significant operational benefit by avoiding dispatch of expensive peaking generators and improving utilization of renewable generation throughout the year. Further study using a modified unit commitment model can help to clarify optimal storage portfolios reveal appropriate market participation approaches and determine the optimal siting of storage within the grid.

Chioke Harris; Jeremy P. Meyers; Michael E. Webber

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

The Relevance of Generation Interconnection Procedures to Feed-in Tariffs in the United States  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Relevance of Generation The Relevance of Generation Interconnection Procedures to Feed-in Tariffs in the United States Sari Fink, Kevin Porter, and Jennifer Rogers Exeter Associates, Inc. Columbia, Maryland Subcontract Report NREL/SR-6A20-48987 October 2010 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 The Relevance of Generation Interconnection Procedures to Feed-in Tariffs in the United States Sari Fink, Kevin Porter, and Jennifer Rogers Exeter Associates, Inc. Columbia, Maryland

263

Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 13- Particulate Emissions from Fossil Fuel Fired Steam or Hot Water Generating Units (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The purpose of this regulation is to limit emissions of particulate matter from fossil fuel fired and wood-fired steam or hot water generating units.

264

Evaluation of performance of combined heat and power systems with dual power generation units (D-CHP).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? In this research, a new combined heat and power (CHP) system configuration has been proposed that uses two power generation units (PGU) operating simultaneously… (more)

Knizley, Alta Alyce

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Characterization of Fish Passage Conditions through the Fish Weir and Turbine Unit 1 at Foster Dam, Oregon, Using Sensor Fish, 2012  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents investigations of downstream fish passage research involving a spillway fish weir and turbine passage conditions at Foster Dam in May 2012.

Duncan, Joanne P.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Advanced Turbine Technology Applications Project (ATTAP) and Hybrid Vehicle Turbine Engine Technology Support project (HVTE-TS): Final summary report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This final technical report was prepared by Rolls-Royce Allison summarizing the multiyear activities of the Advanced Turbine Technology Applications Project (ATTAP) and the Hybrid Vehicle Turbine Engine Technology Support (HVTE-TS) project. The ATTAP program was initiated in October 1987 and continued through 1993 under sponsorship of the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy, Office of Transportation Technologies, Propulsion Systems, Advanced Propulsion Division. ATTAP was intended to advance the technological readiness of the automotive ceramic gas turbine engine. The target application was the prime power unit coupled to conventional transmissions and powertrains. During the early 1990s, hybrid electric powered automotive propulsion systems became the focus of development and demonstration efforts by the US auto industry and the Department of energy. Thus in 1994, the original ATTAP technology focus was redirected to meet the needs of advanced gas turbine electric generator sets. As a result, the program was restructured to provide the required hybrid vehicle turbine engine technology support and the project renamed HVTE-TS. The overall objective of the combined ATTAP and HVTE-TS projects was to develop and demonstrate structural ceramic components that have the potential for competitive automotive engine life cycle cost and for operating 3,500 hr in an advanced high temperature turbine engine environment. This report describes materials characterization and ceramic component development, ceramic components, hot gasifier rig testing, test-bed engine testing, combustion development, insulation development, and regenerator system development. 130 figs., 12 tabs.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Novel sensorless generator control and grid fault ride-through strategies for variable-speed wind turbines and implementation on a new real-time simulation platform.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The usage of MW-size variable-speed wind turbines as sources of energy has increased significantly during the last decade. Advantages over fixed-speed wind turbines include more… (more)

Yang, Sheng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Electrical Cost Reduction Via Steam Turbine Cogeneration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELECTRICAL COST REDUCTION VIA STEAM TURBINE COGENERATION LYNN B. DI TULLIO, P.E. Project Engineer Ewing Power Systems, Inc. South Deerfield, Mass. ABSTRACT Steam turbine cogeneration is a well established technology which is widely used... mature technology. Steam turbines and engines have been used by industry to cogen erate power since before there were electric utilities. While the technology for turbines, generators and controls has continued to develop there is very little about...

Ewing, T. S.; Di Tullio, L. B.

269

Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association's Springverville unit 3 earns POWER's highest honor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is said that pioneers take the arrows. In the case of Springerville Unit 3 - a 418 MW(net) expansion of a Tucson Electric Power facility in Arizona and the first pulverized coal-fired units built in the US in more than decade, the arrows were many. Although Tri-State (the developer), Tuscon Electric (the host), and Bechtel Power (the EPC contractor) were wounded by delayed deliveries of major equipment, bankruptcy of a major supplier, and a labor shortage, the companies showed their pioneering spirit and completed the project ahead of schedule. For ushering in a new generation of clean and desperately needed baseload capacity, Springerville Unit 3 is POWER magazine's 2006 Plant of the Year. 9 figs.

Peltier, R.

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

Vibrant fault diagnosis for hydroelectric generator units with a new combination of rough sets and support vector machine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fault diagnosis for hydroelectric generator unit (HGU) is significant to prevent dangerous accidents from occurring and to improve economic efficiency. The faults of HGU involve overlapping fault patterns which may denote a kind of faults in the ... Keywords: Fault diagnosis, Hydroelectric generator unit, Rough sets, Support vector machine

Xiaoyuan Zhang; Jianzhong Zhou; Jun Guo; Qiang Zou; Zhiwei Huang

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

NETL: Turbines - UTSR Projects  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

65 Hafnia-based Nanostructured Thermal Barrier Coatings for Advanced Hydrogen Turbine Technology University of Texas -- El Paso 65 Hafnia-based Nanostructured Thermal Barrier Coatings for Advanced Hydrogen Turbine Technology University of Texas -- El Paso Chintalapalle Ramana Project Dates: 9/30/2009 - 9/30/2011 Area of Research: Materials Federal Project Manager: Briggs White Project Objective: This project is focused on developing novel coatings for high-H2 fired gas turbine components such that high efficiencies and long lifetimes may be acheived in Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) powerplants. Nanostructured Hafnia-based coatings will be develped for thermal barrier coatings (TBCs). A fundamental understanding of TBCs will be aquired and a knowledge database of next generation TBC materials with high-temperature tolerance, durability, and reliability will be generated.

272

Single-bridge unit-connected HVDC generation with increased pulse number  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A true unit-connected generator-HVdc convertor scheme is proposed which removes the need to use two bridges in series to achieve twelve-pulse operation. Moreover, the combination of a single main bridge and an auxiliary feedback dc ripple reinjection bridge is shown to increase the pulse number from 6 to 18. This is achieved purely by natural commutation and is equally valid for rectification and inversion. The theoretical waveforms are validated by extensive experimental verification.

Villablanca, M.; Arrillaga, J. (Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch (New Zealand))

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

High-Order Sliding Mode Control of a Marine Current Turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Doubly-Fed Induction Generator- (DFIG) based marine current turbines have been tested to evaluate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

274

Steam Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... chapters take up the design of nozzles and blades, and descriptions of commercial types of turbines. The treatment of low-pressure, mixed pressure, bleeder, and marine ... . The treatment of low-pressure, mixed pressure, bleeder, and marine turbines occupies separate chapters. Of these, the section dealing with the marine ...

1917-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

275

Wind turbine technology—not as simple as it looks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind is a clean and inexhaustible energy resource serving mankind for many centuries by driving windmills to grind grain and pump water. This presentation gives a brief historical review from the earliest drag?type windmills existing as early as 2000 BC through the early electricity?generating units in the early 1900s to the present?day wind turbine parks. The 1973 oil embargo and 1979–80 price increases brought new awareness of conservation and promoted new interest in renewable energy resources and wind turbine technology. Many lessons are being learned in the design of modern wind turbines. The quest for low installation and maintenance costs energy conversion efficiency and high reliability continues. Unforeseen environmental issues such as visual pollution noiseimpacts and TV reception interference are to be addressed. The technical features and operating characteristics of various designs are presented including problems encountered and their solutions.

Michael C. Wehrey

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Novel fuzzy logic based sensorless maximum power point tracking strategy for wind turbine systems driven DFIG (doubly-fed induction generator)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a novel FLC MPPT (fuzzy logic sensorless maximum power point tracking) method for WECS (wind energy conversion systems). The proposed method greatly reduces the speed variation range of the wind generator which leads to the downsizing the PWM (pulse width modulation) back-to-back converters by approximately 40% in comparison with conventional techniques. The method also increases the system's reliability by reducing the converter losses. Firstly, a MRAS (model reference adaptive system) based on fuzzy logic technique is used to estimate the DFIG (doubly-fed induction generator) rotor's speed. Then, a FLC MPPT (Fuzzy Logic Maximum Power Point Tracking) method is applied to provide the reference electromagnetic torque. Subsequently, in order to achieve the overall sensorless MPPT technique, the wind power is approximated from estimated generator speed and the reference of electromagnetic torque. Finally, the wind speed is estimated from the mechanical power using a fuzzy logic technique. The proposed control method has been applied to a WTG (wind turbine generator) driving a 3.7 kW DFIG in variable speed mode. In order to validate the simulation results, experimental tests have been performed on a 3.7 kW test bench, consisting of a DFIG and DC motor drive.

K. Belmokhtar; M.L. Doumbia; K. Agbossou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Realization and control of a wind turbine connected to the grid by using PMSG  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper studies the control of a variable-speed wind turbine using the permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) driven by a wind turbine emulator. The wind turbine is realized by imposing the wind profile on emulator to behave as the real wind turbine when it receives the same wind profile. This wind turbine is connected to the grid by means of a two back-to-back voltage-fed pulse width-modulation (PWM) converters to interface the generator and the grid. This paper has three main objectives, the first is realization of the wind turbine emulator, the second is extracting and exploiting the maximum power from the wind, the third is feeding the grid by high-power and good electrical energy quality; to achieve that, we applied the strategies of maximum power point tracking (MPPT) using optimal torque control which allows the PMSG to operate at an optimal speed. The inverter is used for delivering power to the grid, controlled in a way to deliver only the active power into the grid, thus we have unit power factor. DC-link voltage is also controlled by the inverter. This paper shows the dynamic performances of the complete system by its simulation using Matlab Simulink. Experimental results has verified and validated the wind turbine emulator and the efficiency of MPPT control method using a variable wind profile.

Abdeldjalil Dahbi; Mabrouk Hachemi; Nasreddine Nait-Said; Mohamed-Said Nait-Said

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Modeling, analysis and comparison of TSR and OTC methods for MPPT and power smoothing in permanent magnet synchronous generator-based wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a small signal modeling of a direct-driven permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) based on wind turbine which is connected to the grid via back-to-back converters. The proposed small signal model includes two maximum power point tracking (MPPT) controllers: tip speed ratio (TSR) control and optimal torque control (OTC). These methods are analytically compared to illustrate MPPT and power smoothing capability. Then, to compare the MPPT and power smoothing operation of the mentioned methods, simulations are performed in MATLAB/Simulink software. From the simulation results, OTC is highly efficient in power smoothing enhancement and has clearly good performance to extract maximum power from wind; however, TSR control has definitely fast responses to wind speed variations with the expense of higher fluctuations due to its non-minimum phase characteristic.

M. Nasiri; J. Milimonfared; S.H. Fathi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Proceedings of design, repair, and refurbishment of steam turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book reports on the proceedings of design, repair and refurbishment of steam engines. Topics covered include: Advisor/Expert Systems for Steam Turbines; Moisture Effects on the Operating and Performance of Steam Turbines; Turbine Steam Path Development; Repair and Refurbishment of the Electric Generator Components; and Advanced Steam Turbine Designs.

Warnock, A.S. (Lehigh Univ., PA (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

How Do Wind Turbines Work?  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Instead of using electricity to make wind, like a fan, wind turbines use wind to make electricity. The wind turns the blades, which spin a shaft, which connects to a generator and makes electricity.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Argonne National Laboratory Partners with Advanced Magnet Lab to Develop First Fully Superconducting Direct-Drive Generator  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of Energy (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) is partnering with Advanced Magnet Lab, in Palm Bay, Florida, on one of six projects recently awarded by DOE to help develop next generation wind turbines and accelerate the deployment of advanced turbines for offshore wind energy in the United States.

282

Vertical axis wind turbines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A vertical axis wind turbine is described. The wind turbine can include a top ring, a middle ring and a lower ring, wherein a plurality of vertical airfoils are disposed between the rings. For example, three vertical airfoils can be attached between the upper ring and the middle ring. In addition, three more vertical airfoils can be attached between the lower ring and the middle ring. When wind contacts the vertically arranged airfoils the rings begin to spin. By connecting the rings to a center pole which spins an alternator, electricity can be generated from wind.

Krivcov, Vladimir (Miass, RU); Krivospitski, Vladimir (Miass, RU); Maksimov, Vasili (Miass, RU); Halstead, Richard (Rohnert Park, CA); Grahov, Jurij (Miass, RU)

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

283

Steam turbine materials and corrosion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ultra supercritical (USC) power plants offer the promise of higher efficiencies and lower emissions. Current goals of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Power Systems Initiatives include coal generation at 60% efficiency, which would require steam temperatures of up to 760°C. This research examines the steamside oxidation of alloys for use in USC systems, with emphasis placed on applications in high- and intermediate-pressure turbines. The list of alloys being examined is discussed, including the addition of new alloys to the study. These include alloy 625, selected because of its use as one of the two alloys used for turbine rotors, valves, casings, blading and bolts in the European AD700 full-scale demonstration plant (Scholven Unit F). The other alloy, alloy 617, is already one of the alloys currently being examined by this project. Other new alloys to the study are the three round robin alloys in the UK-US collaboration: alloys 740, TP347HFG, and T92. Progress on the project is presented on cyclic oxidation in 50% air – 50% water vapor, furnace exposures in moist air, and thermogravimetric analysis in argon with oxygen saturated steam. An update on the progress towards obtaining an apparatus for high pressure exposures is given.

Holcomb, G.R.; Ziomek-Moroz, M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Integrated Biomass Gasification - Gas Turbine - Fuel Cell Systems for Small-Scale, Distributed Generation of Electricity and Heat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A system design for application on commercial scale based on present day technology will be considered. At Delft University of Technology, a biomass gasifier has been set up...th process development unit, will be...

B. J. P. Buhre; J. Andries

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Developing a tool to estimate water withdrawal and consumption in electricity generation in the United States.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Freshwater consumption for electricity generation is projected to increase dramatically in the next couple of decades in the United States. The increased demand is likely to further strain freshwater resources in regions where water has already become scarce. Meanwhile, the automotive industry has stepped up its research, development, and deployment efforts on electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). Large-scale, escalated production of EVs and PHEVs nationwide would require increased electricity production, and so meeting the water demand becomes an even greater challenge. The goal of this study is to provide a baseline assessment of freshwater use in electricity generation in the United States and at the state level. Freshwater withdrawal and consumption requirements for power generated from fossil, nonfossil, and renewable sources via various technologies and by use of different cooling systems are examined. A data inventory has been developed that compiles data from government statistics, reports, and literature issued by major research institutes. A spreadsheet-based model has been developed to conduct the estimates by means of a transparent and interactive process. The model further allows us to project future water withdrawal and consumption in electricity production under the forecasted increases in demand. This tool is intended to provide decision makers with the means to make a quick comparison among various fuel, technology, and cooling system options. The model output can be used to address water resource sustainability when considering new projects or expansion of existing plants.

Wu, M.; Peng, J. (Energy Systems); ( NE)

2011-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

286

Techniques for Enhancing Wind Energy Generation - A CFD Based Multibody Dynamics Approach in Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Wind energy has emerged as a major sustainable source of energy.The efficiency of wind power generation by wind mills has improved a lot during the… (more)

Rajendran, C

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Energy 101: Wind Turbines | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Wind Turbines Wind Turbines Energy 101: Wind Turbines Addthis Description See how wind turbines generate clean electricity from the power of the wind. Highlighted are the various parts and mechanisms of a modern wind turbine. Duration 2:16 Topic Tax Credits, Rebates, Savings Wind Energy Economy Credit Energy Department Video MR. : We've all seen those creaky old windmills on farms, and although they may seem about as low-tech as you can get, those old windmills are the predecessors for new modern wind turbines that generate electricity. The same wind that used to pump water for cattle is now turning giant wind turbines to power cities and homes. OK, have a look at this wind farm in the California desert, a hot desert next to tall mountains - an ideal place for a lot of wind.

288

Gas turbine considerations in the pulp and paper industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The pulp and paper industry is one of the largest users of energy in the industrial arena, requiring large quantities of process steam and electrical energy per unit of production. Developing power generation as an integral part of its power plant systems is one way for the industry to meet these requirements. Gas turbine-based cogeneration systems can also be a desirable approach. In recent years, competitive pressures, environmental concerns, the cost and availability of various fuels, and new power generation opportunities have awakened interest in power generation in the pulp and paper industry and other industries. This paper provides a strategic review of these issues of the pulp and paper industry.

Anderson, J.S. (International Paper Co., Purchase, NY (US)); Kovacik, J.M. (GE Co., Schenectady, NY (US))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Measurement of the underwater noise levels generated from marine piling associated with the installation of offshore wind turbines.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marine piling is the most commonly used method for the installation of offshore wind turbines in the shallow coastal waters in the UK and consists of steel mono?piles being driven into the seabed using powerful hydraulic hammers. This is a source of impulsive sound of potentially high level that can travel a considerable distance in the water column and has the potential for impact on marine life. This presentation describes methodologies developed for measurement of marine piling and for the estimation of the energy source level. Measurements are presented for piles of typically 5 m in diameter driven by hammers with typical strike energies of 1000 kJ. Data were recorded as a function of range from the source using vessel?deployed hydrophones and using fixed acoustic buoys that recorded the entire piling sequence including soft start. The methodology of measurement is described along with the method of estimation of the energy source level. Limitations and knowledge gaps are discussed.

Pete D. Theobald; Stephen P. Robinson; Michael A. Ainslie; Christ A. F. de Jong; Paul A. Lepper

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

A RAM (Reliability Availability Maintainability) analysis of Consolidated Edison's Gowanus and Narrows gas turbine power plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A methodology is presented which accurately assesses the ability of gas turbine generating stations to perform their intended function (reliability) while operating in a peaking duty mode. The developed methodology alloys the RAM modeler to calculate the probability that a peaking unit will produce the energy demanded and in turn calculate the total energy lost during a given time period due to unavailability of individual components. The methodology was applied to Consolidated Edison's Narrows site which has 16 barge-mounted General Electric Frame 5 gas turbines operating under a peaking duty mode. The resulting RAM model was quantified using the Narrows site power demand and failure rate data. The model was also quantified using generic failure data from the Operational Reliability Analysis Program (ORAP) for General Electric Frame 5 peaking gas turbines. A problem description list and counter measures are offered for components contributing more than one percent to gas turbine energy loss. 3 refs., 18 figs., 12 tabs.

Johnson, B.W.; Whitehead, T.J.; Derenthal, P.J. (Science Applications International Corp., Los Altos, CA (USA))

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Experience of using the turbine-generator units of the Kolyma hydroelectric station for idle discharge of water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1. Before the start of reservoir drawdown it is necessary to clean the trash racks and water surface in front of...

B. N. Yurkevich; A. Ya. Afonin; S. G. Kukarskii; I. N. Lukin

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Installation of a close loop water system for cooling the turbine bearing oil  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

KAPLAN TURBINE BLADE KAPLAN TURBINE BLADE CRACK WELD REPAIR BUILDING STRONG US Army Corps of Engineers Presented by Beau Biffle P. E. Chief, Hydropower Tulsa District Keystone Power Plant Sam Rayburn Power Plant BUILDING STRONG ® Keystone Power Plant Unit # 2 Technical Data Rated at 35 MW Average yearly generation - 127,000 MWH Unit placed online May 1968 Sam Rayburn Power Plant Unit #2 Technical Data Rated at 26 MW Average yearly generation - 30,000 MWH Unit placed online 1965 BUILDING STRONG ® General Information  The repair procedure developed by HDC for the McNary Power Plant was used for both of these repairs  Both repairs were performed by Corps employees  Both cracks were discovered during routine inspections BUILDING STRONG ® Keystone Repair

293

Large eddy simulation for predicting turbulent heat transfer in gas turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...predicting turbulent heat transfer in gas turbines Danesh K. Tafti Long He K. Nagendra...of propulsion and power generation gas turbines. Accurate prediction of blade metal...compressed bypass air and allow higher turbine inlet temperature, increasing fuel efficiency...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

UTILITY ADVANCED TURBINE SYSTEMS(ATS) TECHNOLOGY READINESS TESTING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following paper provides an overview of GE's H System{trademark} technology, and specifically, the design, development, and test activities associated with the DOE Advanced Turbine Systems (ATS) program. There was intensive effort expended in bringing this revolutionary advanced technology program to commercial reality. In addition to describing the magnitude of performance improvement possible through use of H System{trademark} technology, this paper discusses the technological milestones during the development of the first 9H (50Hz) and 7H (60 Hz) gas turbines. To illustrate the methodical product development strategy used by GE, this paper discusses several technologies that were essential to the introduction of the H System{trademark}. Also included are analyses of the series of comprehensive tests of materials, components and subsystems that necessarily preceded full scale field testing of the H System{trademark}. This paper validates one of the basic premises with which GE started the H System{trademark} development program: exhaustive and elaborate testing programs minimized risk at every step of this process, and increase the probability of success when the H System{trademark} is introduced into commercial service. In 1995, GE, the world leader in gas turbine technology for over half a century, in conjunction with the DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory's ATS program, introduced its new generation of gas turbines. This H System{trademark} technology is the first gas turbine ever to achieve the milestone of 60% fuel efficiency. Because fuel represents the largest individual expense of running a power plant, an efficiency increase of even a single percentage point can substantially reduce operating costs over the life of a typical gas-fired, combined-cycle plant in the 400 to 500 megawatt range. The H System{trademark} is not simply a state-of-the-art gas turbine. It is an advanced, integrated, combined-cycle system in which every component is optimized for the highest level of performance. The unique feature of an H-technology combined-cycle system is the integrated heat transfer system, which combines both the steam plant reheat process and gas turbine bucket and nozzle cooling. This feature allows the power generator to operate at a higher firing temperature than current technology units, thereby resulting in dramatic improvements in fuel-efficiency. The end result is the generation of electricity at the lowest, most competitive price possible. Also, despite the higher firing temperature of the H System{trademark}, the combustion temperature is kept at levels that minimize emission production. GE has more than 3.6 million fired hours of experience in operating advanced technology gas turbines, more than three times the fired hours of competitors' units combined. The H System{trademark} design incorporates lessons learned from this experience with knowledge gleaned from operating GE aircraft engines. In addition, the 9H gas turbine is the first ever designed using ''Design for Six Sigma'' methodology, which maximizes reliability and availability throughout the entire design process. Both the 7H and 9H gas turbines will achieve the reliability levels of our F-class technology machines. GE has tested its H System{trademark} gas turbine more thoroughly than any previously introduced into commercial service. The H System{trademark} gas turbine has undergone extensive design validation and component testing. Full-speed, no-load testing of the 9H was achieved in May 1998 and pre-shipment testing was completed in November 1999. The 9H will also undergo approximately a half-year of extensive demonstration and characterization testing at the launch site. Testing of the 7H began in December 1999, and full speed, no-load testing was completed in February 2000. The 7H gas turbine will also be subjected to extensive demonstration and characterization testing at the launch site.

Kenneth A. Yackly

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

EIS-0092: Conversion to Coal, Holyoke Water Power Company, Mt. Tom Generating Station Unit 1 Holyoke, Hampden County, Massachusetts  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Economic Regulatory Administration prepared this statement to assess the environmental impacts of prohibiting Unit 1 of the Mt. Tom Generation Station Unit 1 from using either natural gas or petroleum products as a primary energy source, which would result in the utility burning low-sulfur coal.

296

ADVANCED TURBINE SYSTEMS PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Natural gas combustion turbines are rapidly becoming the primary technology of choice for generating electricity. At least half of the new generating capacity added in the US over the next twenty years will be combustion turbine systems. The Department of Energy has cosponsored with Siemens Westinghouse, a program to maintain the technology lead in gas turbine systems. The very ambitious eight year program was designed to demonstrate a highly efficient and commercially acceptable power plant, with the ability to fire a wide range of fuels. The main goal of the Advanced Turbine Systems (ATS) Program was to develop ultra-high efficiency, environmentally superior and cost effective competitive gas turbine systems for base load application in utility, independent power producer and industrial markets. Performance targets were focused on natural gas as a fuel and included: System efficiency that exceeds 60% (lower heating value basis); Less than 10 ppmv NO{sub x} emissions without the use of post combustion controls; Busbar electricity that are less than 10% of state of the art systems; Reliability-Availability-Maintainability (RAM) equivalent to current systems; Water consumption minimized to levels consistent with cost and efficiency goals; and Commercial systems by the year 2000. In a parallel effort, the program was to focus on adapting the ATS engine to coal-derived or biomass fuels. In Phase 1 of the ATS Program, preliminary investigators on different gas turbine cycles demonstrated that net plant LHV based efficiency greater than 60% was achievable. In Phase 2 the more promising cycles were evaluated in greater detail and the closed-loop steam-cooled combined cycle was selected for development because it offered the best solution with least risk for achieving the ATS Program goals for plant efficiency, emissions, cost of electricity and RAM. Phase 2 also involved conceptual ATS engine and plant design and technology developments in aerodynamics, sealing, combustion, cooling, materials, coatings and casting development. The market potential for the ATS gas turbine in the 2000-2014 timeframe was assessed for combined cycle, simple cycle and integrated gasification combined cycle, for three engine sizes. The total ATS market potential was forecasted to exceed 93 GW. Phase 3 and Phase 3 Extension involved further technology development, component testing and W501ATS engine detail design. The technology development efforts consisted of ultra low NO{sub x} combustion, catalytic combustion, sealing, heat transfer, advanced coating systems, advanced alloys, single crystal casting development and determining the effect of steam on turbine alloys. Included in this phase was full-load testing of the W501G engine at the McIntosh No. 5 site in Lakeland, Florida.

Gregory Gaul

2004-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

297

Chapter 9 - Hydraulic Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter covers the following topics: Features of hydraulic turbines; Early history and development; Efficiency of various types of turbine; Size of the various turbine types; The Pelton wheel turbine and controlling its speed; Energy losses; Reaction turbines; The Francis and the Kaplan turbines; Calculation of performance; Effect of size on the performance of hydraulic turbines; Cavitation and its avoidance; Calculation of the various specific speeds of turbines; The Wells turbine- Design and performance variables; Tidal power turbines- The SeaGen tidal turbine and its operational principles.

S.L. Dixon; C.A. Hall

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Field measurement of solid particle erosion in utility steam turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the first time, extensive field testing has characterized solid particle erosion (SPE) in terms of size and frequency. This is particularly important because SPE damage to large steam turbine components can degrade plant efficiency, increasing operating costs by up to $3 million/yr per unit for a total of $150 million nationwide. The objective was to characterize under various operating conditions the level and distribution of magnetite particles in turbine steam and the resulting SPE. The project team developed a field test program to characterize the solid particles in turbine steam and measure the erosion resistance of various coatings. At Dayton Power Light, a 600-MW turbine generator unit with a coal-fired once-through supercritical boiler was fitted with two steam sampling systems, the first for isokinetic sampling and the second for erosion evaluation. The team took roughly 300 isokinetic steam samples from the main steam line during both startup and full-load operation. They condensed and filtered each steam sample, then determined the level and distribution of magnetite particles.

Duncan, D.; Vohr, J.H.; Shalvoy, R.S. (General Electric Co., Schenectady, NY (United States). Turbine Technology Dept.)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Investigation of Small Wind-Turbine Induction Generators : Final Technical Report, September 16, 1980-December 31, 1982.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new and accurate experimental set-up was developed to test induction machines in the 1-5 kW range. Two single-phase induction generators were tested - the Enertech 1500 and Enertech 1800. A detailed mathematical model to evaluate the performance of single-phase induction generators was developed and documented in the form of a FORTRAN computer simulation program. Then the program was used to analyze the Enertech 1800 and the results were compared with the test results. (LEW)

Venkata, Subrahmanyam S.; Boardman, Ethan C.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Update report on the performance of 400 megawatt and larger nuclear and coal-fired generating units. Performance through 1977  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Forty-seven nuclear generating units and 125 coal-fired generating plants that have had at least one full year of commercial operation are covered in this report. Their performances are evaluated using the capacity factor, availability factor, equivalent availability, and forced outage rate. The data are arranged by state and utility. (DLC)

None

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The Inside of a Wind Turbine | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the one shown here-face into the wind while downwind turbines face away. Wind turbines harness the power of the wind and use it to generate electricity. Simply stated, a...

302

Energy 101: Wind Turbines | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Wind Turbines Wind Turbines Energy 101: Wind Turbines Addthis Below is the text version for the Energy 101: Wind Turbines video. The video opens with "Energy 101: Wind Turbines." This is followed by wooden windmills on farms. We've all seen those creaky, old windmills on farms. And although they may seem about as low-tech as you can get, those old windmills are the predecessors for new, modern wind turbines that generat electricity. The video pans through shots of large windmills and wind farms of different sizes, situated on cultivated plains and hills. The same wind that used to pump water for cattle is now turning giant wind turbines to power cities and homes. OK, have a look at this wind farm in the California desert. A hot desert, next to tall mountains. An ideal place for a lot of wind.

303

Towers for Offshore Wind Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increasing energy demand coupled with pollution free production of energy has found a viable solution in wind energy. Land based windmills have been utilized for power generation for more than two thousand years. In modern times wind generated power has become popular in many countries. Offshore wind turbines are being used in a number of countries to tap the energy from wind over the oceans and convert to electric energy. The advantages of offshore wind turbines as compared to land are that offshore winds flow at higher speed than onshore winds and the more available space. In some land based settings for better efficiency turbines are separated as much as 10 rotor diameters from each other. In offshore applications where only two wind directions are likely to predominate the distances between the turbines arranged in a line can be shortened to as little as two or four rotor diameters. Today more than a dozen offshore European wind facilities with turbine ratings of 450 kw to 3.6 MW exist offshore in very shallow waters of 5 to 12 m. Compared to onshore wind turbines offshore wind turbines are bigger and the tower height in offshore are in the range of 60 to 80 m. The water depths in oceans where offshore turbines can be located are within 30 m. However as the distance from land increases the costs of building and maintaining the turbines and transmitting the power back to shore also increase sharply. The objective of this paper is to review the parameters of design for the maximum efficiency of offshore wind turbines and to develop types offshore towers to support the wind turbines. The methodology of design of offshore towers to support the wind turbine would be given and the environmental loads for the design of the towers would be calculated for specific cases. The marine corrosion on the towers and the methods to control the corrosion also would be briefly presented. As the wind speeds tend to increase with distance from the shore turbines build father offshore will be able to capture more wind energy. Currently two types of towers are considered. Cylindrical tubular structures and truss type structures. But truss type structures have less weight and flexibility in design. The construction of the offshore towers to harness the wind energy is also presented. The results will include the calculation of wind and wave forces on the tower and the design details for the tower.

V. J. Kurian; S. P. Narayanan; C. Ganapathy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

1 - Introduction to gas turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter provides an overview of the importance of gas turbines for the power generation and oil and gas sector and – in less detail – the aviation sector. Worldwide trends in power generation and electricity conversion processes and the role of gas turbines to minimise CO2 emissions are addressed. Gas turbines are essential and crucial to reduce emissions both in aviation and in power production. Technologies for improving gas turbine and system efficiency, through higher turbine inlet temperatures, improved materials, cooling methods and thermal barrier coatings are described. New thermodynamic approaches, including intercooling, water and steam injection and hybrid cycles are addressed. Major issues are also fuel and operational flexibility, reliability and availability, cost reduction and power density, especially for the offshore sector. Market trends have been sketched. In the coming decades, gas turbines will be one of the major technologies for CO2 emission reductions in the power generation, aviation, oil and gas exploration and transport sectors. This prognosis is based on their high current efficiency and further efficiency improvement potential, both for simple cycle as for combined-cycle applications.

A.J.A. Mom

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Thermoplastic strengthening of a gas-turbine engine disk lock joint. Determination of the residual stresses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1. A unit has been created for investigating thermoplastic strengthening of turbine disk lock grooves on special...

B. A. Kravchenko; G. N. Gutman; L. E. Batrin; V. G. Fokin

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

A practical design for an integrated HVDC unit - connected hydro-electric generating station  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To date, several authors (see reference list) have proclaimed benefits which can be achieved by integrating HVDC converter stations directly with generating units. The cost of a significant amount of plant and facilities found in conventional schemes is thereby eliminated. So far as is known however, no detailed studies have been done to quantify these benefits. This paper outlines the results of a study made recently by the Manitoba HVDC Research Centre to determine the practicality of such a scheme. To give credence to the results an actual hydro station design was used incorporating a HVDC thyristor valve scheme in a hypothetical situation. Financial and other benefits were determined for this example together with conclusions and recommendations for future specific projects and further areas of study.

Ingram, L. (Manitoba HVDC Research Centre, Winnipeg (CA))

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Airborne Wind Turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: Makani Power is developing an Airborne Wind Turbine (AWT) that eliminates 90% of the mass of a conventional wind turbine and accesses a stronger, more consistent wind at altitudes of near 1,000 feet. At these altitudes, 85% of the country can offer viable wind resources compared to only 15% accessible with current technology. Additionally, the Makani Power wing can be economically deployed in deep offshore waters, opening up a resource which is 4 times greater than the entire U.S. electrical generation capacity. Makani Power has demonstrated the core technology, including autonomous launch, land, and power generation with an 8 meter wingspan, 20 kW prototype. At commercial scale, Makani Power aims to develop a 600 kW, 28 meter wingspan product capable of delivering energy at an unsubsidized cost competitive with coal, the current benchmark for low-cost power.

None

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Power Electronic Control for Wind Generation Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...? mathematical models for wind turbines such as wind turbine (WT) with doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) and WT with direct-drive permanent magnet...

Xiao-Ping Zhang; Christian Rehtanz…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

A High-Order Sliding Mode Observer for Sensorless Control ofDFIG-Based Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A High-Order Sliding Mode Observer for Sensorless Control ofDFIG-Based Wind Turbines Mohamed control of a doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind turbine. The sensorless control scheme (generator and turbine). Simulations using the wind turbine simulator FAST on a 1.5- MW three-blade wind

Boyer, Edmond

310

Small gas turbine technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Small Gas Turbine Technology: Small gas turbine, in the power range up to 500 kW, requires a recuperated thermodynamic cycle to achieve an electrical efficiency of about 30%. This efficiency is the optimum, which is possible for a cycle pressure ratio of about 4–1. The cycle airflow is function of the power requirement. To increase the efficiency, in view to reduce the CO2 emission, it is mandatory to develop a more efficient thermodynamic cycle. Different thermodynamic cycles were examined and the final choice was made for an Intercooled, Recuperated cycle. The advantage of this cycle, for the same final electrical efficiency of about 35%, is the smaller cycle airflow, which is the most dimensional parameter for the important components as the heat exchanger recuperator and the combustion chamber. In parallel with the thermodynamic cycle it is necessary to develop the High Speed Alternator technology, integrated on the same shaft that the gas turbine rotating components, to achieve the constant efficiency at part loads, from 50% up to 100%, by the capacity to adjust the engine speed at the required load. To satisfy the stringent requirement in pollutant emissions of \\{NOx\\} and CO, the catalytic combustion system is the most efficient and this advance technology has to be proven. The major constraints for the small gas turbine technology development are the production cost and the maintenance cost of the unit. In the power range of 0–500 kW the gas turbine technology is in competition with small reciprocating engines, which are produced in large quantity for automotive industry, at a very low production cost.

Andre Romier

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Jet spoiler arrangement for wind turbine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An air jet spoiler arrangement is provided for a Darrieus-type vertical axis wind-powered turbine. Air is drawn into hollow turbine blades through air inlets at the end thereof and is ejected in the form of air jets through small holes or openings provided along the lengths of the blades. The air jets create flow separation at the surfaces of the turbine blades, thereby including stall conditions and reducing the output power. A feedback control unit senses the power output of the turbine and controls the amount of air drawn into the air inlets accordingly.

Cyrus, J.D.; Kadlec, E.G.; Klimas, P.C.

1983-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

Load Reduction of Floating Wind Turbines using Tuned Mass Dampers.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Offshore wind turbines have the potential to be an important part of the United States' energy production profile in the coming years. In order to… (more)

Stewart, Gordon M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

SciTech Connect: Improved Wind Turbine Drivetrain Reliability...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

and Renewable Energy Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 17 WIND ENERGY; 97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING NONTORQUE LOADS; WIND TURBINE DRIVETRAIN;...

314

Iskra Wind Turbine Manufacturers Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Iskra Wind Turbine Manufacturers Ltd Iskra Wind Turbine Manufacturers Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Iskra Wind Turbine Manufacturers Ltd Place Nottingham, United Kingdom Sector Wind energy Product Iskra manufactures and markets the AT5-1 home-sized wind turbine rated at 5.3 kW, suitable for low wind speeds. References Iskra Wind Turbine Manufacturers Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Iskra Wind Turbine Manufacturers Ltd is a company located in Nottingham, United Kingdom . References ↑ "Iskra Wind Turbine Manufacturers Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Iskra_Wind_Turbine_Manufacturers_Ltd&oldid=347129" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

315

Planning for a multi-generational future : policies, regulations, and designs for multi-generational housing in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-generational housing is a rising trend that is increasingly being considered as a viable housing option for the Boomerang generation, Baby Boomers and the aging population, and immigrant families. Cultural preferences, ...

Shin, Stephanie H

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Lightning protection system for a wind turbine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a wind turbine (104, 500, 704) having a plurality of blades (132, 404, 516, 744) and a blade rotor hub (120, 712), a lightning protection system (100, 504, 700) for conducting lightning strikes to any one of the blades and the region surrounding the blade hub along a path around the blade hub and critical components of the wind turbine, such as the generator (112, 716), gearbox (708) and main turbine bearings (176, 724).

Costin, Daniel P. (Chelsea, VT); Petter, Jeffrey K. (Williston, VT)

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

317

Final Technical Report Recovery Act: Online Nonintrusive Condition Monitoring and Fault Detection for Wind Turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The penetration of wind power has increased greatly over the last decade in the United States and across the world. The U.S. wind power industry installed 1,118 MW of new capacity in the first quarter of 2011 alone and entered the second quarter with another 5,600 MW under construction. By 2030, wind energy is expected to provide 20% of the U.S. electricity needs. As the number of wind turbines continues to grow, the need for effective condition monitoring and fault detection (CMFD) systems becomes increasingly important [3]. Online CMFD is an effective means of not only improving the reliability, capacity factor, and lifetime, but it also reduces the downtime, energy loss, and operation and maintenance (O&M) of wind turbines. The goal of this project is to develop novel online nonintrusive CMFD technologies for wind turbines. The proposed technologies use only the current measurements that have been used by the control and protection system of a wind turbine generator (WTG); no additional sensors or data acquisition devices are needed. Current signals are reliable and easily accessible from the ground without intruding on the wind turbine generators (WTGs) that are situated on high towers and installed in remote areas. Therefore, current-based CMFD techniques have great economic benefits and the potential to be adopted by the wind energy industry. Specifically, the following objectives and results have been achieved in this project: (1) Analyzed the effects of faults in a WTG on the generator currents of the WTG operating at variable rotating speed conditions from the perspective of amplitude and frequency modulations of the current measurements; (2) Developed effective amplitude and frequency demodulation methods for appropriate signal conditioning of the current measurements to improve the accuracy and reliability of wind turbine CMFD; (3) Developed a 1P-invariant power spectrum density (PSD) method for effective signature extraction of wind turbine faults with characteristic frequencies in the current or current demodulated signals, where 1P stands for the shaft rotating frequency of a WTG; (4) Developed a wavelet filter for effective signature extraction of wind turbine faults without characteristic frequencies in the current or current demodulated signals; (5) Developed an effective adaptive noise cancellation method as an alternative to the wavelet filter method for signature extraction of wind turbine faults without characteristic frequencies in the current or current demodulated signals; (6) Developed a statistical analysis-based impulse detection method for effective fault signature extraction and evaluation of WTGs based on the 1P-invariant PSD of the current or current demodulated signals; (7) Validated the proposed current-based wind turbine CMFD technologies through extensive computer simulations and experiments for small direct-drive WTGs without gearboxes; and (8) Showed, through extensive experiments for small direct-drive WTGs, that the performance of the proposed current-based wind turbine CMFD technologies is comparable to traditional vibration-based methods. The proposed technologies have been successfully applied for detection of major failures in blades, shafts, bearings, and generators of small direct-drive WTGs. The proposed technologies can be easily integrated into existing wind turbine control, protection, and monitoring systems and can be implemented remotely from the wind turbines being monitored. The proposed technologies provide an alternative to vibration-sensor-based CMFD. This will reduce the cost and hardware complexity of wind turbine CMFD systems. The proposed technologies can also be combined with vibration-sensor-based methods to improve the accuracy and reliability of wind turbine CMFD systems. When there are problems with sensors, the proposed technologies will ensure proper CMFD for the wind turbines, including their sensing systems. In conclusion, the proposed technologies offer an effective means to achieve condition-based smart maintenance for wind turbines and have a gre

Wei Qiao

2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

318

Revised?Confirmatory Survey Report for Portions of the Auxiliary Building Structural Surfaces and Turbine Building Embedded Piping, Rancho Seco Nuclear Generating Station, Herald, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the period of October 15 and 18, 2007, ORISE performed confirmatory radiological survey activities which included beta and gamma structural surface scans and beta activity direct measurements within the Auxiliary Building, beta or gamma scans within Turbine Building embedded piping, beta activity determinations within Turbine Building Drain 3-1-27, and gamma scans and the collection of a soil sample from the clay soils adjacent to the Lower Mixing Box.

W. C. Adams

2007-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

319

Confirmatory Survey Report for Portions of the Auxiliary Building Structural Surfaces and Turbine Building Embedded Piping, Rancho Seco Nuclear Generating Station, Herald, CA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the period of October 15 and 18, 2007, ORISE performed confirmatory radiological survey activities which included beta and gamma structural surface scans and beta activity direct measurements within the Auxiliary Building, beta or gamma scans within Turbine Building embedded piping, beta activity determinations within Turbine Building Drain 3-1-27, and gamma scans and the collection of a soil sample from the clay soils adjacent to the Lower Mixing Box.

W. C. Adams

2007-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

320

Arabelle: The most powerful steam turbine in the world  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On the 30th of August 1996 at the CHOOZ power station in the Ardennes, the first 1,500 MW turbine was started up under nuclear steam and connected to the grid. It will reach full power in the spring of 1997, followed shortly afterwards by a second identical machine. This turbine, known as ARABELLE, is currently the most powerful in the world, with a single line rotating at 1,500 rpm. It has been entirely designed, manufactured and installed by the teams of GEC ALSTHOM, within the framework of the Electricite de France N4 PWR program. It represents a new type of nuclear turbine, the fruit of much research and development work which started in the 1980s. It benefits from GEC ALSTHOM's considerable experience in the field of nuclear turbines: 143 machines with a total power output of 100,000 MW and more than ten million hours of operation. It should be remembered that the first 1,000 MW unit for a PWR plant was connected at Fessenheim in 1977, and since then the different EDF plants have been equipped with 58 GEC ALSTHOM turbines, ranging from 1,000 MW to 1,350 MW, this providing the company with a vast amount of information. The process which led to a new design for ARABELLE was based on: Feedback of service experience from previous machines; this provides precious learning material with a view to improving the performance of operating equipment. Research and development work resulting in significant technical advances which could then be integrated into the design of a new generation of turbines. Taking account of the major concerns of the customer-user: Electricite de France (EDF): Improved reliability and operating availability, increased efficiency, reduced investment and maintenance costs.

Lamarque, F.; Deloroix, V.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

SMART POWER TURBINE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gas turbines are the choice technology for high-performance power generation and are employed in both simple and combined cycle configurations around the world. The Smart Power Turbine (SPT) program has developed new technologies that are needed to further extend the performance and economic attractiveness of gas turbines for power generation. Today's power generation gas turbines control firing temperatures indirectly, by measuring the exhaust gas temperature and then mathematically calculating the peak combustor temperatures. But temperatures in the turbine hot gas path vary a great deal, making it difficult to control firing temperatures precisely enough to achieve optimal performance. Similarly, there is no current way to assess deterioration of turbine hot-gas-path components without shutting down the turbine. Consequently, maintenance and component replacements are often scheduled according to conservative design practices based on historical fleet-averaged data. Since fuel heating values vary with the prevalent natural gas fuel, the inability to measure heating value directly, with sufficient accuracy and timeliness, can lead to maintenance and operational decisions that are less than optimal. GE Global Research Center, under this Smart Power Turbine program, has developed a suite of novel sensors that would measure combustor flame temperature, online fuel lower heating value (LHV), and hot-gas-path component life directly. The feasibility of using the ratio of the integrated intensities of portions of the OH emission band to determine the specific average temperature of a premixed methane or natural-gas-fueled combustion flame was demonstrated. The temperature determined is the temperature of the plasma included in the field of view of the sensor. Two sensor types were investigated: the first used a low-resolution fiber optic spectrometer; the second was a SiC dual photodiode chip. Both methods worked. Sensitivity to flame temperature changes was remarkably high, that is a 1-2.5% change in ratio for an 11.1 C (20 F) change in temperature at flame temperatures between 1482.2 C (2700 F) and 1760 C (3200 F). Sensor ratio calibration was performed using flame temperatures determined by calculations using the amount of unburned oxygen in the exhaust and by the fuel/air ratio of the combustible gas mixture. The agreement between the results of these two methods was excellent. The sensor methods characterized are simple and viable. Experiments are underway to validate the GE Flame Temperature Sensor as a practical tool for use with multiburner gas turbine combustors. The lower heating value (LHV) Fuel Quality Sensor consists of a catalytic film deposited on the surface of a microhotplate. This micromachined design has low heat capacity and thermal conductivity, making it ideal for heating catalysts placed on its surface. Several methods of catalyst deposition were investigated, including micropen deposition and other proprietary methods, which permit precise and repeatable placement of the materials. The use of catalysts on the LHV sensor expands the limits of flammability (LoF) of combustion fuels as compared with conventional flames; an unoptimized LoF of 1-32% for natural gas (NG) in air was demonstrated with the microcombustor, whereas conventionally 4 to 16% is observed. The primary goal of this work was to measure the LHV of NG fuels. The secondary goal was to determine the relative quantities of the various components of NG mixes. This determination was made successfully by using an array of different catalysts operating at different temperatures. The combustion parameters for methane were shown to be dependent on whether Pt or Pd catalysts were used. In this project, significant effort was expended on making the LHV platform more robust by the addition of high-temperature stable materials, such as tantalum, and the use of passivation overcoats to protect the resistive heater/sensor materials from degradation in the combustion environment. Modeling and simulation were used to predict improved sensor designs.

Nirm V. Nirmalan

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Offshore Floating Wind Turbine-driven Deep Sea Water Pumping for Combined Electrical Power and District Cooling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new concept utilising floating wind turbines to exploit the low temperatures of deep sea water for space cooling in buildings is presented. The approach is based on offshore hydraulic wind turbines pumping pressurised deep sea water to a centralised plant consisting of a hydro-electric power system coupled to a large-scale sea water-cooled air conditioning (AC) unit of an urban district cooling network. In order to investigate the potential advantages of this new concept over conventional technologies, a simplified model for performance simulation of a vapour compression AC unit was applied independently to three different systems, with the AC unit operating with (1) a constant flow of sea surface water, (2) a constant flow of sea water consisting of a mixture of surface sea water and deep sea water delivered by a single offshore hydraulic wind turbine and (3) an intermittent flow of deep sea water pumped by a single offshore hydraulic wind turbine. The analysis was based on one year of wind and ambient temperature data for the Central Mediterranean that is known for its deep waters, warm climate and relatively low wind speeds. The study confirmed that while the present concept is less efficient than conventional turbines utilising grid-connected electrical generators, a significant portion of the losses associated with the hydraulic transmission through the pipeline are offset by the extraction of cool deep sea water which reduces the electricity consumption of urban air-conditioning units.

T Sant; D Buhagiar; R N Farrugia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Tribological advancements for reliable wind turbine performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the gearbox components. Wind turbine gearboxes experience...the generators to the power grid, respectively...can produce a torsional wind-up of the components...Pontius2009Main shaft support for wind turbine with a fixed and...44061999 Hydraulic fluid power-fluids-method of coding...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Energy 101: Wind Turbines - 2014 Update  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

See how wind turbines generate clean electricity from the power of wind. The video highlights the basic principles at work in wind turbines, and illustrates how the various components work to capture and convert wind energy to electricity. This updated version also includes information on the Energy Department's efforts to advance offshore wind power. Offshore wind energy footage courtesy of Vestas.

None

2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

325

Energy 101: Wind Turbines - 2014 Update  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

See how wind turbines generate clean electricity from the power of wind. The video highlights the basic principles at work in wind turbines, and illustrates how the various components work to capture and convert wind energy to electricity. This updated version also includes information on the Energy Department's efforts to advance offshore wind power. Offshore wind energy footage courtesy of Vestas.

None

2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

326

Offshore Wind Turbines and Their Installation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Offshore winds tend to be higher, more constant and not disturbed by rough terrain, so there is a large potential for utilizing wind energy near to the sea. Compared with the wind energy converters onland, wind turbine components offshore will subject ... Keywords: renewable energy, wind power generation, offshore wind turbines, offshore installation

Liwei Li; Jianxing Ren

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Advanced turbine systems study system scoping and feasibility study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

United Technologies Research Center, Pratt Whitney Commercial Engine Business, And Pratt Whitney Government Engine and Space Propulsion has performed a preliminary analysis of an Advanced Turbine System (ATS) under Contract DE-AC21-92MC29247 with the Morgantown Energy Technology Center. The natural gas-fired reference system identified by the UTC team is the Humid Air Turbine (HAT) Cycle in which the gas turbine exhaust heat and heat rejected from the intercooler is used in a saturator to humidify the high pressure compressor discharge air. This results in a significant increase in flow through the turbine at no increase in compressor power. Using technology based on the PW FT4000, the industrial engine derivative of the PW4000, currently under development by PW, the system would have an output of approximately 209 MW and an efficiency of 55.3%. Through use of advanced cooling and materials technologies similar to those currently in the newest generation military aircraft engines, a growth version of this engine could attain approximately 295 MW output at an efficiency of 61.5%. There is the potential for even higher performance in the future as technology from aerospace R D programs is adapted to aero-derivative industrial engines.

Not Available

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

A novel KICA–PCA fault detection model for condition process of hydroelectric generating unit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Fault detection and diagnosis of hydroelectric generating unit (HGU) have significant importance to the security of hydropower plant and the power system. In recent years, many fault detection methods based on spectral characteristic of vibration signals have been published. However, some faults cannot be effectively recognized just with spectral features for condition process monitoring of HGU. Thus, this study presents a novel fault detection model based on kernel independent component analysis and principal component analysis (KICA–PCA) monitoring model for condition process of HGU. Each of the condition processes is equivalent to a multivariate statistical process monitoring (MSPM). KICA–PCA model of the specific MSPM is trained by normal condition process data at first. Then, confidence limits of two monitoring indices (Hotelling’s T2 statistic and SPE statistic) of the trained KICA–PCA model are used to monitor the same condition process and detect fault online. Moreover, the proposed monitoring model is applied to a real condition process of HGU. Compared to ICA–PCA and PCA monitoring model, the proposed model has superior performance in fault detection.

Wenlong Zhu; Jianzhong Zhou; Xin Xia; Chaoshun Li; Jian Xiao; Han Xiao; Xinxin Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

8 - Turbogenerators in gas turbine systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: The functioning of turbogenerators is explained as the final link between the turbine and the grid. Basic physical laws are given, and principles to calculate the performance and application of generators to gas turbines are derived. It is shown how generators developed with the progress of gas turbines. Modern designs are described and latest test results of generators are reported. Finally, an outlook is given about the future trends in technology and products. The chapter utilizes the author’s in-house experience, and describes also achievements of other manufacturers.

B. Gellert

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Duration Test Report for the Entegrity EW50 Wind Turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of a duration test that NREL conducted on the Entegrity EW50 wind turbine. This test was conducted in accordance with the International Electrotechnical Commissions' (IEC) standard, Wind Turbine Generator System Part 2: Design requirements for small wind turbines, IEC 61400-2 Ed.2.0, 2006-03.

Smith, J.; Huskey, A.; Jager, D.; Hur, J.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Mechanisms of amplitude modulation in wind turbine , A. J. Bullmoreb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanisms of amplitude modulation in wind turbine noise M. Smitha , A. J. Bullmoreb , M. M. Candb The environmental noise impact of wind turbine generators has to be assessed when planning new installations of installations. These instances cannot be . Figure 1: spectrogram of a sample of wind turbine noise. This paper

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

332

Proceedings of the Advanced Turbine Systems annual program review meeting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Goals of the 8-year program are to develop cleaner, more efficient, and less expensive gas turbine systems for utility and industrial electric power generation, cogeneration, and mechanical drive units. During this Nov. 9-11, 1994, meeting, presentations on energy policy issues were delivered by representatives of regulatory, industry, and research institutions; program overviews and technical reviews were given by contractors; and ongoing and proposed future projects sponsored by university and industry were presented and displayed at the poster session. Panel discussions on distributed power and Advanced Gas Systems Research education provided a forum for interactive dialog and exchange of ideas. Exhibitors included US DOE, Solar Turbines, Westinghouse, Allison Engine Co., and GE.

NONE

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

333

Collaborative Advanced Gas Turbine Program: Phase 1. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Collaborative Advanced Gas Turbine (CAGT) Program is an advanced gas turbine research and development program whose goal is to accelerate the commercial availability, to within the turn of the century, of high efficiency aeroderivative gas turbines for electric power generating applications. In the first project phase, research was conducted to prove or disprove the research hypothesis that advanced aeroderivative gas turbine systems can provide a promising technology alternative, offering high efficiency and good environmental performance characteristics in modular sizes, for utility applications. This $5 million, Phase 1 research effort reflects the collaborative efforts of a broad and international coalition of industries and organizations, both public and private, that have pooled their resources to assist in this research. Included in this coalition are: electric and gas utilities, the Electric Power Research Institute, the Gas Research Institute and the principal aircraft engine manufacturers. Additionally, the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the California Energy Commission have interacted with the CAGT on both technical and executive levels as observers and sources of funding. The three aircraft engine manufacturer-led research teams participating in this research include: Rolls-Royce, Inc., and Bechtel; the Turbo Power and Marine Division of United Technologies and Fluor Daniel; and General Electric Power Generation, Stewart and Stevenson, and Bechtel. Each team has investigated advanced electric power generating systems based on their high-thrust (60,000 to 100,000 pounds) aircraft engines. The ultimate goal of the CAGT program is that the community of stakeholders in the growing market for natural-gas-fueled, electric power generation can collectively provide the right combination of market-pull and technology-push to substantially accelerate the commercialization of advanced, high efficiency aeroderivative technologies.

Hollenbacher, R.; Kesser, K.; Beishon, D.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

1 - An Overview of Gas Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary The gas turbine is a power plant that produces a great amount of energy depending on its size and weight. The gas turbine has found increasing service in the past 60 years in the power industry among both utilities and merchant plants as well as the petrochemical industry throughout the world. The utilization of gas turbine exhaust gases, for steam generation or the heating of other heat transfer mediums, or the use of cooling or heating buildings or parts of cities is not a new concept and is currently being exploited to its full potential. The aerospace engines have been leaders in most of the technology in the gas turbine. The design criteria for these engines were high reliability, high performance, with many starts and flexible operation throughout the flight envelope. The industrial gas turbine has always emphasized long life and this conservative approach has resulted in the industrial gas turbine in many aspects giving up high performance for rugged operation. The gas turbine produces various pollutants in the combustion of the gases in the combustor. These include smoke, unburnt hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and oxides of nitrogen. The gas turbine is a power plant that produces a great amount of energy depending on its size and weight. It has found increasing service in the past 60 years in the power industry among both utilities and merchant plants, as well as in the petrochemical industry. Its compactness, low weight and multiple fuel application make it a natural power plant for offshore platforms. Today there are gas turbines that run on natural gas, diesel fuel, naphtha, methane, crude, low-BTU gases, vaporized fuel oils and biomass gases. The last 20 years have seen a large growth in gas turbine technology, spearheaded by the growth in materials technology, new coatings, new cooling schemes and combined cycle power plants. This chapter presents an overview of the development of modern gas turbines and gas turbine design considerations. The six categories of simple-cycle gas turbines (frame type heavy-duty; aircraft-derivative; industrial-type; small; vehicular; and micro) are described. The major gas turbine components (compressors; regenerators/recuperators; fuel type; and combustors) are outlined. A gas turbine produces various pollutants in the combustion of the gases in the combustor and the potential environmental impact of gas turbines is considered. The two different types of combustor (diffusion; dry low NOx, (DLN) or dry low emission (DLE)), the different methods to arrange combustors on a gas turbine, and axial-flow and radial-inflow turbines are described. Developments in materials and coatings are outlined.

Meherwan P. Boyce

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Tornado type wind turbines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tornado type wind turbine has a vertically disposed wind collecting tower with spaced apart inner and outer walls and a central bore. The upper end of the tower is open while the lower end of the structure is in communication with a wind intake chamber. An opening in the wind chamber is positioned over a turbine which is in driving communication with an electrical generator. An opening between the inner and outer walls at the lower end of the tower permits radially flowing air to enter the space between the inner and outer walls while a vertically disposed opening in the wind collecting tower permits tangentially flowing air to enter the central bore. A porous portion of the inner wall permits the radially flowing air to interact with the tangentially flowing air so as to create an intensified vortex flow which exits out of the top opening of the tower so as to create a low pressure core and thus draw air through the opening of the wind intake chamber so as to drive the turbine.

Hsu, Cheng-Ting (Ames, IA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Wind turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The improvement in a wind turbine comprises providing a tower with a freely liftable mount and adapting a nacelle which is fitted with a propeller windwheel consisting of a plurality of rotor blades and provided therein with means for conversion of wind energy to be shifted onto said mount attached to the tower. In case of a violent wind storm, the nacelle can be lowered down to the ground to protect the rotor blades from breakage due to the force of the wind. Required maintenance and inspection of the nacelle and replacement of rotor blades can be safely carried out on the ground.

Abe, M.

1982-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

337

Novel capability enables first test of real turbine engine conditions...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

conditions By Tona Kunz * September 16, 2014 Tweet EmailPrint Manufacturers of turbine engines for airplanes, automobiles and electric generation plants could expedite the...

338

Does the infrasound from wind turbines affect the inner ear? Alec N. Salt1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Does the infrasound from wind turbines affect the inner ear? Alec N. Salt1 1 Washington University turbines adversely affects human health. The unweighted spectrum of wind turbine noise slowly rises (needing over 120 dB SPL to detect 2 Hz) it is claimed that infrasound generated by wind turbines is below

Salt, Alec N.

339

DEVELOPMENT OF AN ULTRASONIC NDT SYSTEM FOR AUTOMATED IN-SITU INSPECTION OF WIND TURBINE BLADES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a wind turbine, including turbine blades, tower, gears, generator bearings etc. [2]. However, due to highDEVELOPMENT OF AN ULTRASONIC NDT SYSTEM FOR AUTOMATED IN- SITU INSPECTION OF WIND TURBINE BLADES Abington, Cambridge, CB21 6AL, UK bic@brunel.ac.uk ABSTRACT It is crucial to maintain wind turbine blades

Boyer, Edmond

340

How Does a Wind Turbine Work?  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Wind turbines operate on a simple principle. The energy in the wind turns two or three propeller-like blades around a rotor. The rotor is connected to the main shaft, which spins a generator to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Loss mechanisms in turbine tip clearance flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical simulations of tip clearance ow have been carried out to dene the loss generation mechanisms associated with tip leakage in unshrouded axial turbines. Mix- ing loss between the leakage, which takes the form of a ...

Huang, Arthur (Arthur C.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

GCFR steam generator conceptual design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The gas-cooled fast reactor (GCFR) steam generators are large once-through heat exchangers with helically coiled tube bundles. In the GCFR demonstration plant, hot helium from the reactor core is passed through these units to produce superheated steam, which is used by the turbine generators to produce electrical power. The paper describes the conceptual design of the steam generator. The major components and functions of the design are addressed. The topics discussed are the configuration, operating conditions, design criteria, and the design verification and support programs.

Holm, R.A.; Elliott, J.P.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Nonlinear Adaptive Control of Networked Power Generators with Remote Measurement Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

provided by Phasor Measurement Units (PMU). The proposed control system is designed in a robust way illustrate its good behavior, and suggest that the new measurement and data transmission devices can bring Measurement Units (PMU). These devices are far beyond SCADA, and let one envisage the use of real time remote

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

344

Optimum propeller wind turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Prandtl-Betz-Theodorsen theory of heavily loaded airscrews has been adapted to the design of propeller windmills which are to be optimized for maximum power coefficient. It is shown that the simpler, light-loading, constant-area wake assumption can generate significantly different ''optimum'' performance and geometry, and that it is therefore not appropriate to the design of propeller wind turbines when operating in their normal range of high-tip-speed-to-wind-speed ratio. Design curves for optimum power coefficient are presented and an example of the design of a typical two-blade optimum rotor is given.

Sanderson, R.J.; Archer, R.D.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Analysis and Evaluation about Advanced Humid Air Turbine System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is required for the power generation system that the generation efficiency is higher and operation characteristics are better. Many gas turbine systems which increased power, improved generation efficiency and...

Toru Takahashi; Yoshinobu Nakao; Eiichi Koda

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Passively cooled direct drive wind turbine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind turbine is provided that passively cools an electrical generator. The wind turbine includes a plurality of fins arranged peripherally around a generator house. Each of the fins being oriented at an angle greater than zero degrees to allow parallel flow of air over the fin. The fin is further tapered to allow a constant portion of the fin to extend beyond the air stream boundary layer. Turbulence initiators on the nose cone further enhance heat transfer at the fins.

Costin, Daniel P. (Chelsea, VT)

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

347

High-speed gears for gas turbine drive  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, Lufkin Industries, Power Transmission Div., full-load tested a high-speed gear designed to couple a 50 Hz electric power generator to a GE LM6000 gas turbine for a power generation project in Australia. The gear is rated 52.2 MW to match the output of the LM6000 gas turbine believed to be one of the largest gear testing operations for this type and size of gear. Each gear drive manufactured by Lufkin is full-speed tested to verify its performance. Tests performed on high-speed units duplicate field conditions, as closely as possible, in order to verify critical speed analysis results and new bearing designs, if used. Lufkin also tests design techniques used in the development of new products. The finite element analysis performed to predict housing deflection in the thrust bearing area of a new extruder driveline was verified by testing of a prototype unit housing. Recently, housing structure stiffness and natural frequencies were predicted and verified on the test stand for some 50 MW vertically offset gear units. A complete data acquisition system is used to gather data from bearing, inlet and drain temperature monitoring points. The temperature monitoring system will accommodate type T,K,J, and E thermocouples and platinum and nickel RTDs.

Kane, J.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

NEXT GENERATION SOLVENT MATERIALS COMPATIBILITY WITH POLYMER COMPONENTS WITHIN MODULAR CAUSTIC-SIDE SOLVENT EXTRACTION UNIT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Office of Waste Processing, within the Office of Technology Innovation and Development, is funding the development of an enhanced solvent for deployment at the Savannah River Site for removal of cesium from High Level Waste. The technical effort is collaboration between Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), and Argonne National Laboratory. The first deployment target for the technology is within the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU). Deployment of a new chemical within an existing facility requires verification that the chemical components are compatible with the installed equipment. In the instance of a new organic solvent, the primary focus is on compatibility of the solvent with organic polymers used in the facility. This report provides the data from exposing these polymers to the Next Generation Solvent (NGS). The test was conducted over six months. An assessment of the dimensional stability of polymers present in MCU (i.e., PEEK, Grafoil{reg_sign}, Tefzel{reg_sign} and Isolast{reg_sign}) in the modified NGS (where the concentration of the guanidine suppressor and MaxCalix was varied systematically) showed that guanidine (LIX{reg_sign}79) selectively affected Tefzel{reg_sign} (by an increase in size and lowering its density). The copolymer structure of Tefzel{reg_sign} and possibly its porosity allows for the easier diffusion of guanidine. Tefzel{reg_sign} is used as the seat material in some of the valves at MCU. Long term exposure to guanidine, may make the valves hard to operate over time due to the seat material (Tefzel{reg_sign}) increasing in size. However, since the physical changes of Tefzel{reg_sign} in the improved solvent are comparable to the changes in the CSSX baseline solvent, no design changes are needed with respect to the Tefzel{reg_sign} seating material. PEEK, Grafoil{reg_sign} and Isolast{reg_sign} were not affected by guanidine and MaxCalix within six months of exposure. The initial rapid weight gain observed in every polymer is assigned to the finite and limited uptake of Isopar{reg_sign} L/Modifier by the polymers probably due to the polymers porosity and rough surfaces. Spectroscopic data on the organic liquid and the polymer surfaces showed no preferential adsorption of any component in the NGS to the polymers and no leachate was observed in the NGS from any of the polymers studied.

Fondeur, F.; Peters, T.; Fink, S.

2011-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

349

Ways of improving efficiency of turbine stages having high blade height to mean diameter ratio  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose an approximate method for profiling the blades of steam-turbine last stages with a high height to ... variable slope along the height that allows better efficiency of the turbine unit to be obtained.

G. A. Filippov; A. R. Avetisyan

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Fuel option for gas turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Growth in electricity demand is an average of 10% per year. Energy, emission, and economy are importance of critical concerns for generating systems. Therefore, combined cycle power plant is preferred to Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) new power generating capacity. The various option of available fuel for gas turbine are natural gas, liquid fuel and coal fuel. Particularly with the tremendous price increases in imported and domestic fuel supplies, natural gas is an attractive low cost alternative for power generation. EGAT has researched using heavy fuel instead of natural gas since the year 1991. The problems of various corrosion characteristics have been found. In addition, fuel treatment for gas turbine are needed, and along with it, the environmental consideration are options that provide the limitation of environmental regulation.

Tantayakom, S. [Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand, Nonthaburi (Thailand). Chemical and Analysis Dept.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

351

Application of CFB technology for large power generating units and CO2 capture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data on the development of the circulating fluidized bed (CFB) technology for combustion of fuels in large ... feasibility of raising the efficiency of units with CFB boilers through deep recovery of the heat ......

G. A. Ryabov; O. M. Folomeev; D. A. Sankin…

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Impacts of Renewable Generation on Fossil Fuel Unit Cycling: Costs and Emissions (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Prepared for the Clean Energy Regulatory Forum III, this presentation looks at the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study and reexamines the cost and emissions impacts of fossil fuel unit cycling.

Brinkman, G.; Lew, D.; Denholm, P.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

turbine | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

turbine Home Future of Condition Monitoring for Wind Turbines Description: Research into third party software to aid in the development of better CMS in order to raise turbine...

354

Recent developments in gas turbine materials and technology and their implications for syngas firing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gas turbine combined-cycle systems burning natural gas represent a reliable and efficient power generation technology that is widely used. A critical factor in their development was the rapid adaptation of aero-engine technology (single crystal airfoils, sophisticated cooling techniques, and thermal barrier coatings) in order to operate at the high rotor-inlet temperatures required for high efficiency generation. Early reliability problems have been largely overcome, so that this type of power generation system is now considered to be a mature technology capable of achieving high levels of availability. Current interest in replacing natural gas with gas derived from coal (syngas or hydrogen) in these gas turbine systems focuses attention on implications for the critical turbine components. In this paper, the development requirements for materials for critical hot gas-path parts in large gas turbines burning coal-derived syngas fuels are briefly considered in the context of the state-of-the-art in materials for engines burning natural gas. It is shown that, despite some difficult design issues, many of the materials used in current engines will be applicable to units burning syngas. However, there is the potential that the durability of some components may be prejudiced because of differences in the combustion environment (especially in terms of water vapor content, and possibly sulfur compounds and particulates). Consequently, effort to develop improved coatings to resist erosion and also attack by S-containing compounds may be necessary.

I.G. Wright; T.B. Gibbons

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Definition: Wind turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

turbine turbine Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Wind turbine A machine that converts wind energy to mechanical energy; typically connected to a generator to produce electricity.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A wind turbine is a device that converts kinetic energy from the wind, also called wind energy, into mechanical energy in a process known as wind power. If the mechanical energy is used to produce electricity, the device may be called a wind turbine or wind power plant. If the mechanical energy is used to drive machinery, such as for grinding grain or pumping water, the device is called a windmill or wind pump. Similarly, it may be referred to as a wind charger when used for charging batteries. The result of over a millennium of windmill development and modern engineering,

356

Energy 101: Wind Turbines | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Wind Turbines Wind Turbines Energy 101: Wind Turbines July 30, 2010 - 10:47am Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs On Tuesday, the Department announced a $117 million loan guarantee through for the Kahuku Wind Power Project in Hawaii. That's a major step forward for clean energy in the region, as it's expected to supply clean electricity to roughly 7,700 households per year, and it also invites a deceptively simple question: how exactly do wind turbines generate electricity? One thing you might not realize is that wind is actually a form of solar energy. This is because wind is produced by the sun heating Earth's atmosphere, the rotation of the earth, and the earth's surface irregularities. Wind turbines are the rotary devices that convert the

357

Influence of refraction on wind turbine noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A semi-empirical method is applied to calculate the time-average sound level of wind turbine noise generation and propagation. Both are affected by wind shear refraction. Under upwind conditions the partially ensonified zone separates the fully ensonified zone (close to the turbine) and the shadow zone (far away from the turbine). Refraction is described in terms of the wind speed linear profile fitted to the power law profile. The rotating blades are treated as a two-dimensional circular source in the vertical plane. Inside the partially ensonified zone the effective A-weighted sound power decreases to zero when the receiver moves from the turbine toward the shadow zone. The presented results would be useful in practical applications to give a quick estimate of the effect of refraction on wind turbine noise.

Makarewicz, Rufin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Materials Issues in Innovative Turbine Blade Designs - Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Materials Issues in Innovative Turbine Materials Issues in Innovative Turbine Blade Designs-Oak Ridge National Laboratory Background Gas turbine efficiency and service life are strongly affected by the turbine expansion process, where the working fluid's high thermal energy gas is converted into mechanical energy to drive the compressor and the electric generator. The most effective way to increase the efficiency of the expansion process is to raise the temperature of the turbine's working fluid.

359

The Inside of a Wind Turbine | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Inside of a Wind Turbine The Inside of a Wind Turbine The Inside of a Wind Turbine 1 of 17 Tower: 2 of 17 Tower: Made from tubular steel (shown here), concrete, or steel lattice. Supports the structure of the turbine. Because wind speed increases with height, taller towers enable turbines to capture more energy and generate more electricity. Generator: 3 of 17 Generator: Produces 60-cycle AC electricity; it is usually an off-the-shelf induction generator. High-speed shaft: 4 of 17 High-speed shaft: Drives the generator. Nacelle: 5 of 17 Nacelle: Sits atop the tower and contains the gear box, low- and high-speed shafts, generator, controller, and brake. Some nacelles are large enough for a helicopter to land on. Wind vane: 6 of 17 Wind vane: Measures wind direction and communicates with the yaw drive to orient the

360

Installation of a Low Flow Unit at the Abiquiu Hydroelectric Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Final Technical Report for the Recovery Act Project for the Installation of a Low Flow Unit at the Abiquiu Hydroelectric Facility. The Abiquiu hydroelectric facility existed with two each 6.9 MW vertical flow Francis turbine-generators. This project installed a new 3.1 MW horizontal flow low flow turbine-generator. The total plant flow range to capture energy and generate power increased from between 250 and 1,300 cfs to between 75 and 1,550 cfs. Fifty full time equivalent (FTE) construction jobs were created for this project - 50% (or 25 FTE) were credited to ARRA funding due to the ARRA 50% project cost match. The Abiquiu facility has increased capacity, increased efficiency and provides for an improved aquatic environment owing to installed dissolved oxygen capabilities during traditional low flow periods in the Rio Chama. A new powerhouse addition was constructed to house the new turbine-generator equipment.

Jack Q. Richardson

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Stochastic Real-Time Scheduling of Wind-thermal Generation Units ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power produced by thermal unit i in time t (MW). Pps,t. Power .... problem is presented in Section V. Simulation results are pre- sented in section VI ...... operation of a virtual power plant using two stage stochastic programming,”. Energy, vol.

2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

362

Foam Cleaning of Steam Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The efficiency and power output of a steam turbine can be dramatically reduced when deposits form on the turbine blades. Disassembly and mechanical cleaning of the turbine is very time consuming and costly. Deposits can be removed from the turbine...

Foster, C.; Curtis, G.; Horvath, J. W.

363

Impact of unit commitment constraints on generation expansion planning with renewables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Growing use of renewables pushes thermal generators against operating constraints - e.g. ramping, minimum output, and operating reserves - that are traditionally ignored in expansion planning models. We show how including ...

Palmintier, Bryan Stephen

364

Vertical axis wind turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind turbines are largely divided into vertical axis wind turbines and propeller (Horizontal axis) wind turbines. The present invention discloses a vertical axis high speed wind turbine provided with rotational speed control systems. This vertical axis wind turbine is formed by having blades of a proper airfoil fitted to respective supporting arms provided radially from a vertical rotating shaft by keeping the blade span-wise direction in parallel with the shaft and being provided with aerodynamic control elements operating manually or automatically to control the rotational speed of the turbine.

Kato, Y.; Seki, K.; Shimizu, Y.

1981-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

365

Impact of DFIG wind turbines on transient stability of power systems a review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impact of DFIG wind turbines on transient stability of power systems ­ a review Authors Na Abstract of wind farms are using variable speed wind turbines equipped with doubly-fed induction generators (DFIG) due to their advantages over other wind turbine generators. Therefore, the analysis of wind power

Pota, Himanshu Roy

366

Unit commitment with wind power generation: integrating wind forecast uncertainty and stochastic programming.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a computational framework for integrating the state-of-the-art Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model in stochastic unit commitment/energy dispatch formulations that account for wind power uncertainty. We first enhance the WRF model with adjoint sensitivity analysis capabilities and a sampling technique implemented in a distributed-memory parallel computing architecture. We use these capabilities through an ensemble approach to model the uncertainty of the forecast errors. The wind power realizations are exploited through a closed-loop stochastic unit commitment/energy dispatch formulation. We discuss computational issues arising in the implementation of the framework. In addition, we validate the framework using real wind speed data obtained from a set of meteorological stations. We also build a simulated power system to demonstrate the developments.

Constantinescu, E. M.; Zavala, V. M.; Rocklin, M.; Lee, S.; Anitescu, M. (Mathematics and Computer Science); (Univ. of Chicago); (New York Univ.)

2009-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

367

Electric co-generation units equipped with wood gasifier and Stirling engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The disposal of industrial waste such as oil sludges, waste plastic, lubricant oils, paper and wood poses serious problems due to the ever increasing amount of material to be disposed of and to the difficulty in finding new dumping sites. The interest in energy recovery technologies is accordingly on the increase. In particular, large amounts of waste wood are simply burned or thrown away causing considerable environmental damage. In this context the co-generation technique represents one of the possible solutions for efficient energy conversion. The present paper proposes the employment of a Stirling engine as prime mover in a co-generation set equipped with a wood gasifier. A Stirling engine prototype previously developed in a joint project with Mase Generators, an Italian manufacturer of fixed and portable electrogenerators, is illustrated and its design is described.

Bartolini, C.M.; Caresana, F.; Pelagalli, L.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Use of combined steam-water and organic rankine cycles for achieving better efficiency of gas turbine units and internal combustion engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Innovative concepts of recovering waste heat using low-boiling working fluids, due to which the the efficiency can be increased to 28–30%, are presented. If distributed generation of electricity or combined pr...

M. A. Gotovskiy; M. I. Grinman; V. I. Fomin; V. K. Aref’ev…

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Steady-state analysis of a conceptual offshore wind turbine driven electricity and thermocline energy extraction plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A system for using offshore wind energy to generate electricity and simultaneously extract thermal energy is proposed. This concept is based on an offshore wind turbine driven hydraulic pump supplying deep seawater under high pressure to a land based plant consisting of a hydroelectric power generation unit and heat exchanger. A steady-state system model is developed using empirical formulae. The mathematical model comprises the fundamental system sub-models that are categorised as the rotor, hydraulic pump, pipeline, hydroelectric turbine and heat exchanger. A means for modelling the seawater temperature field across a two-dimensional bathymetry is also discussed. These mathematical models are integrated into a computational tool and a brief parametric static analysis is undertaken. The results illustrate the effect of pipeline diameter, rotational speed of the grid connected hydroelectric turbine, and the turbine distance from shore on the overall performance of the system. Through adequate parameter selection, the total rate of energy output for such a system, consisting of both electricity and thermal energy, is shown to increase by as much as 84%, when compared to a conventional wind turbine having an identical rotor diameter but which supplies only electrical energy.

Daniel Buhagiar; Tonio Sant

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Use of an Autonomous Sensor to Evaluate the Biological Performance of the Advanced Turbine at Wanapum Dam  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydropower is the largest renewable energy resource in the world and the United States. However, Hydropower dams have adverse ecological impacts because migrating fish may be injured or killed when they pass through hydro turbines. In the Columbia and Snake River basins, dam operators and engineers are required to make these hydroelectric facilities more fish-friendly through changes in hydro-turbine design and operation after fish population declines and the subsequent listing of several species of Pacific salmon in the Endangered Species Act of 1973. Grant County Public Utility District (Grant PUD) requested authorization from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to replace the 10 turbines at Wanapum Dam with advanced hydropower turbines that are designed to improve survival for fish passing through the turbines while improving operation efficiency and increasing power generation. The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy provided co-funding to Grant PUD for aspects of performance testing that supported the application. As an additional measure to the primary evaluation measure of direct injury and mortality rates of juvenile Chinook salmon using balloon tag-recapture methodology, this study used an autonomous sensor device to provide insight into the specific hydraulic conditions or physical stresses that the fish experienced or the specific causes of the biological response. We found that the new blade shape and the corresponding reduction of turbulence in the advanced hydropower turbine were effective. The frequency of severe events based on Sensor Fish pressure and acceleration measurements showed trends similar to those of fish survival determined by balloon tag-recapture tests. In addition, the new turbine provided a better pressure and rate of change environment for fish passage. Overall, the Sensor Fish data indicated that the advanced hydro turbine design met the desired fish passage goals for Wanapum Dam.

Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.; Duncan, Joanne P.; Richmond, Marshall C.; Dauble, Dennis D.

2010-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

371

Wind Turbines Benefit Crops  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ames Laboratory associate scientist Gene Takle talks about research into the effect of wind turbines on nearby crops. Preliminary results show the turbines may have a positive effect by cooling and drying the crops and assisting with carbon dioxide uptake.

Takle, Gene

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Gas Turbine Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a cycle process of a gas turbine, the compressor load, as well as ... from the expansion of the hot pressurized flue gas. Either turbine, compressor and driven assembly are joined by ... shaft is thus divided,...

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Gas-Turbine Cycles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This book focuses on the design of regenerators for high-performance regenerative gas turbines. The ways in which gas-turbine regenerators can be designed for high system performance can be understood by studying...

Douglas Stephen Beck; David Gordon Wilson

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Thermo-mechanical Behaviour of Turbine Disc Assembly in the Presence of Residual Stresses.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A comprehensive three dimensional coupled thermo-mechanical finite element study is performed on turbine blade attachments in gas turbine engines. The effects of the self-generated centrifugal… (more)

Maricic, Luke A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Experimental study of rotordynamic coefficients of squeeze film dampers of an aircraft gas turbine engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The rotordynamic coefficients of squeeze film dampers of an aircraft gas turbine engine were investigated experimentally. Rotordynamic model(XLROTOR) for Gas Generator and Power Turbine were constructed. The XLROTOR response plots with changing...

Na, Uhn Joo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

376

Analysis of the fuel efficiency of gas-turbine cogeneration stations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A technique for evaluating the fuel efficiency of the combined generation of electricity and heat at a gas-turbine cogeneration station is presented. The effects the regeneration degree of the gas-turbine cycle a...

V. I. Evenko; A. S. Strebkov

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Market penetration of wind turbine concepts over the years Anca D. Hansen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

speed wind turbine concept with partial-scale power converter (DFIG) This configuration denotes the variable speed controlled wind turbine with doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) and pitch control

378

Measuring a Utility-Scale Turbine Wake Using the TTUKa Mobile Research Radars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Observations of the wake generated by a single utility-scale turbine and collected by the Texas Tech University Ka-band mobile research radars on 27 October 2011 are introduced. Remotely sensed turbine wake observations using lidar technology have ...

Brian D. Hirth; John L. Schroeder; W. Scott Gunter; Jerry G. Guynes

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

MHK Technologies/Open Centre Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turbine Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Open Centre Turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization OpenHydro Group Limited Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/OpenHydro Alderney Channel Islands UK *MHK Projects/OpenHydro Bay of Fundy Nova Scotia CA Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery / Concept Definition / Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description The Open-Centre Turbine is designed to be deployed directly on the seabed. The Open-Centre Turbine is a horizontal axis turbine with a direct-drive, permanent magnetic generator that has a slow-moving rotor and lubricant-free operation, which decreases maintenance and minimizes risk to marine life.

380

NETL: News Release - Enabling Turbine Technologies for Hydrogen Fuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September 8, 2005 September 8, 2005 Enabling Turbine Technologies for Hydrogen Fuels Turbine Program Advances Ultra-Clean, Coal-Based Systems WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy Turbine Technology R&D Program was recently expanded with the selection of 10 new projects valued at $130 million. The new program will advance turbines and turbine subsystems for integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plants, and address the use of hydrogen in small-scale turbines for industrial applications. Resulting technologies will operate cleanly and efficiently when fueled with coal-derived hydrogen or synthesis gas. Turbines can generate electrical power on a large scale-in central power stations sized 250 megawatts and larger-or on a small scale-in local, industrial power systems sized 1-100 megawatts. Small-scale systems also produce mechanical power for jet engines, compressors, heating systems, and other applications.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

NREL: Wind Research - Mariah Power's Windspire Wind Turbine Testing and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mariah Power's Windspire Wind Turbine Testing and Results Mariah Power's Windspire Wind Turbine Testing and Results A video of Mariah Power's Windspire wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL tested Mariah Power's Windspire Giromill small wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) through January 14, 2009 when NREL terminated its testing. Read a chronology of events and letter from Mariah Power to NREL. The Windspire is a 1.2-kilowatt (kW) vertical-axis small wind turbine. The turbine tower is 9.1 meters tall, and its rotor area is 1.2 by 6.1 meters. The turbine has a permanent-magnet generator with a single-phase output at 120 volts AC. Testing Summary Testing was terminated January 14, 2009. Published test reports include

382

Atmospheric and Wake Turbulence Impacts on Wind Turbine Fatigue Loadings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large-eddy simulations of atmospheric boundary layers under various stability and surface roughness conditions are performed to investigate the turbulence impact on wind turbines. In particular, the aeroelastic responses of the turbines are studied to characterize the fatigue loading of the turbulence present in the boundary layer and in the wake of the turbines. Two utility-scale 5-MW turbines that are separated by seven rotor diameters are placed in a 3 km by 3 km by 1 km domain. They are subjected to atmospheric turbulent boundary layer flow and data is collected on the structural response of the turbine components. The surface roughness was found to increase the fatigue loads while the atmospheric instability had a small influence. Furthermore, the downstream turbines yielded higher fatigue loads indicating that the turbulent wakes generated from the upstream turbines have significant impact.

Lee, S.; Churchfield, M.; Moriarty, P.; Jonkman, J.; Michalakes, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Comparison of PMSG and DFIG for Marine Current Turbine Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of PMSG and DFIG for Marine Current Turbine Applications S. Benelghali, M.E.H. Benbouzid Generator (DFIG), Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG), modeling, Maximum Power Point Tracking

Boyer, Edmond

384

Design Tools to Assess Hydro-Turbine Biological Performance: Priest Rapids Dam Turbine Replacement Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the past two decades, there have been many studies describing injury mechanisms associated with turbine passage, the response of various fish species to these mechanisms, and the probability of survival through dams. Although developing tools to design turbines that improve passage survival has been difficult and slow, a more robust quantification of the turbine environment has emerged through integrating physical model data, fish survival data, and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) studies. Grant County Public Utility District (GCPUD) operates the Priest Rapids Dam (PRD), a hydroelectric facility on the Columbia River in Washington State. The dam contains 10 Kaplan-type turbine units that are now almost 50 years old. The Utility District plans to refit all of these aging turbines with new turbines. The Columbia River at PRD is a migratory pathway for several species of juvenile and adult salmonids, so passage of fish through the dam is a major consideration when replacing the turbines. In this presentation, a method for turbine biological performance assessment (BioPA) is introduced. Using this method, a suite of biological performance indicators is computed based on simulated data from a CFD model of a proposed turbine design. Each performance indicator is a measure of the probability of exposure to a certain dose of an injury mechanism. Using known relationships between the dose of an injury mechanism and frequency of injury (dose–response) from laboratory or field studies, the likelihood of fish injury for a turbine design can be computed from the performance indicator. By comparing the values of the indicators from proposed designs, the engineer can identify the more-promising alternatives. We will present application of the BioPA method for baseline risk assessment calculations for the existing Kaplan turbines at PRD that will be used as the minimum biological performance that a proposed new design must achieve.

Richmond, Marshall C.; Rakowski, Cynthia L.; Serkowski, John A.; Strickler, Brad; Weisbeck, Molly; Dotson, Curtis L.

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

385

Sliding vane geometry turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Various systems and methods are described for a variable geometry turbine. In one example, a turbine nozzle comprises a central axis and a nozzle vane. The nozzle vane includes a stationary vane and a sliding vane. The sliding vane is positioned to slide in a direction substantially tangent to an inner circumference of the turbine nozzle and in contact with the stationary vane.

Sun, Harold Huimin; Zhang, Jizhong; Hu, Liangjun; Hanna, Dave R

2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

386

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach: Wind Turbine Ordinances  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Information Information Resources Printable Version Bookmark and Share Publications Success Stories Webinars Podcasts Videos Stakeholder Interviews Lessons Learned Wind Working Groups Economic Impact Studies Wind Turbine Ordinances Wind Turbine Ordinances This page lists 135 state and local wind turbine ordinances. State and local governments and policymakers can use this collection of example wind turbine ordinances when drafting a new wind energy ordinance in a town or county without existing ordinances. Due to increasing energy demands in the United States and more installed wind projects, rural communities and local governments with limited or no experience with wind energy now have the opportunity to become involved in this industry. Communities with good wind resources may be approached by

387

Marine Current Turbines Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turbines Ltd Turbines Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Marine Current Turbines Ltd (MCT) Place Bristol, United Kingdom Zip BS34 8PD Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Product Developer of tidal stream turbine technology for exploiting flowing water in general and tidal streams in particular. Coordinates 51.454513°, -2.58791° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.454513,"lon":-2.58791,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

388

Definition: Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Turbine A device or machine that converts the kinetic energy of a fluid (air, water, steam or other gases) to mechanical energy.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Electric generator, Electricity, Electricity generation, energy, bioenergy References ↑ http://205.254.135.24/tools/glossary/index.cfm?id=T ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/site_administration/glossary.html Retriev LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ed from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Turbine&oldid=493149" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

389

NETL: Turbines - Oxy-Fuel Turbines  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oxy-Fuel Turbines Oxy-Fuel Turbines Oxy-fuel combustion potentially can be used in plants based on both conventional and advanced technology. Studies have shown that plants equipped with oxy-fuel systems could reach nominal efficiencies in the 30 percent range with today's steam turbines when fueled with natural gas and when capturing the CO2. With anticipated advances in gasification, oxygen separation, and steam turbine technology, plants using oxy-fuel systems are expected to achieve efficiencies in the mid-40 percent range, with near-100 percent CO2 capture and near-zero NOx emissions. By 2012: In the near-term, efforts are focused on the development of oxy- fuel turbine and combustor technologies for highly efficient (50-60 percent), near-zero emissions, coal-based power systems

390

Theory and Performance of Tesla Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can significantly increase turbine efficiency. Exploratorymodel indicate that turbine efficiencies exceeding 75% canand experimental turbine efficiencies. The CFD solutions of

Romanin, Vincent D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Steam Turbine Materials and Corrosion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ultra-supercritical (USC) power plants offer the promise of higher efficiencies and lower emissions. Current goals of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Power Systems Initiatives include coal generation at 60% efficiency, which would require steam temperatures of up to 760 °C. In prior years this project examined the steamside oxidation of alloys for use in high- and intermediate-pressure USC turbines. This steamside oxidation research is continuing and progress is presented, with emphasis on chromia evaporation.

Holcomb, G.H.; Hsu, D.H.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

NETL: News Release - Universities Begin Critical Turbine Systems Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

30, 2008 30, 2008 Universities Begin Critical Turbine Systems Research WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy announced the selection of four projects under the Office of Fossil Energy's University Turbine Systems Research (UTSR) Program. The projects will develop technologies for use in the new generation of advanced turbines that operate cleanly and efficiently when fueled with coal-derived synthesis gas and hydrogen fuels. The overall goal of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Turbine Program is to provide high-efficiency, near-zero emissions and lower-cost turbines for coal-based stationary power systems. Developing turbine technology to operate on high hydrogen content (HHC) fuels derived from coal synthesis gas is critical to the development of advanced, near-zero-emission integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power generation plants that separate and capture carbon dioxide (CO2).

393

MHK Technologies/Deep Gen Tidal Turbines | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Deep Gen Tidal Turbines Deep Gen Tidal Turbines < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Deep Gen Tidal Turbines.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Tidal Generation Ltd Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Tidal Generation Ltd EMEC Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery / Concept Definition / Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description The DEEP Gen 1 MW fully submerged tidal turbine best exploits resources in depths 30m The horizontal axis turbine is inexpensive to construct and easy to install due to the lightweight 80 tons MW support structure allows rapid removal and replacement of powertrains enabling safe maintenance in a dry environment and is located out of the wave zone for improved survivability

394

Refinery Furnaces Retrofit with Gas Turbines Achieve Both Energy Savings and Emission Reductions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A., Rome, Italy ABSTRACT Integrating gas turbines with refinery furnaces can be a cost effective means of reducing NO emissions while also generating electricity ~t an attractive heat rate. Design considerations and system costs are presented..., described in Figure 1, 2. The combustion oxygen is carried by a more I I i I' has been used as a design basis. The heater is based on the actual design of a unit built by KTI SpA. The furnace does not include air preheater or steam generation...

Giacobbe, F.; Iaquaniello, G.; Minet, R. G.; Pietrogrande, P.

395

Analysis of the operational reliability of a power-generating unit with a BN-600 reactor during the period 1980–1993  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The high quality of the design and the additional improvements to separate units of the main equipment and systems at the initial stage of operation (first main circulation pump, steam generators, safety and c...

N. N. Oshkanov; A. G. Sheinkman; P. P. Govorov

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Restoration of the graphite memory of a reactor in the third power-generating unit of the Leningrad nuclear power plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The restoration of the graphite masonry of cell 52-16 in the reactor in the third power-generating unit of the Leningrad nuclear power plant is described. The process reduces to moving...

V. I. Lebedev; Yu. V. Garusov; M. A. Pavlov; A. N. Peunov; E. P. Kozlov

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Meteotsunami in the Great Lakes and on the Atlantic coast of the United States generated by the “derecho” of June 29–30, 2012  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tsunami-like intense sea-level oscillations, associated with atmospheric activity (meteorological tsunamis), are common in the Great Lakes and on the East Coast of the United States. They are generated by vari...

Jadranka Šepi?; Alexander B. Rabinovich

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Solving chemical and mechanical problems of PWR steam generators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Steam generators in power plants, based on pressurized water reactors (PWRs), transfer heat from a primary coolant system (pressurized water) to a secondary coolant system. Primary coolant water is heated in the core and passes through the steam generator that transfers heat to the secondary coolant water to make steam. The steam then drives a turbine that turns an electric generator. Steam is condensed and returned to the steam generator as feedwater. Two types of PWR steam generators are in use: recirculating steam generators (RSGs) and once-through steam generators (OTSGs). Since most of the units are vertical, only vertical units are discussed in this article. Some vertical units have operated with a minimum of problems, while others have experienced a variety of corrosion and mechanically-induced problems that have caused unscheduled outages and expensive repairs.

Green, S.J.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Vertical axis wind turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind turbines are largely divided into vertical axis wind turbines and propeller (Horizontal axis) wind turbines. The present invention discloses a vertical axis high speed wind turbine provided with a starting and braking control system. This vertical axis wind turbine is formed by having blades of a proper airfoil fitted to respective supporting arms provided radially from a vertical rotary axis by keeping the blade span-wise direction in parallel with the axis and being provided with a low speed control windmill in which the radial position of each operating piece varies with a centrifugal force produced by the rotation of the vertical rotary axis.

Kato, Y.; Seki, K.; Shimizu, Y.

1981-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

400

A Study of Distributed Generation System Characteristics and Protective Load Control Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

turbines: Doubly-fed Induction Generator (DFIG) and Fixed-speed Wind Turbine (FSWT) are compared), Distributed Generation System (DGS), Doubly- fed Induction Generator (DFIG), Fixed-speed Wind Turbine (FSWT (FSWT) and doubly-fed induction generator wind turbine (DFIG) have different characteristics, when

Chen, Zhe

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The Cascaded Humidified Advanced Turbine (CHAT)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper introduces the Cascaded Humidified Advanced Turbine (CHAT) plant, a gas turbine based power generation plant utilizing intercooling, reheat, and humidification. It is based upon the integration of an existing heavy duty gas turbine with an additional shaft comprising industrial compressors and high pressure expander. CHAT capitalizes on the latest proven gas turbine technology, which, combined with a sophisticated thermal cycle configuration, results in substantial improvement in gas turbine efficiency, compared to a simple cycle, while still maintaining typical advantages and merits of a combustion turbine plant. Built with a commercial combustion turbine and available industrial compressors and expanders, the CHAT plant does not require extensive product development and testing. As a result, the CHAT power plant can be offered with specific capital costs up to 20 percent lower than the combined cycle plant, and with competing efficiency. Compared to a combined cycle plant, the CHAT plant offers lower emissions (due to air humidification) and other significant operating advantages with regard to start-up time and costs, better efficiency at part load, lower power degradation at higher ambient temperatures, and simpler operations and maintenance due to elimination of the complexities and costs associated with steam production. The CHAT plant also integrates very effectively with coal gasification and particularly well with the water quench design. This feature has been discussed in previous publications.

Nakhamkin, M.; Swensen, E.C. [Energy Storage and Power Consultants, Inc., Mountainside, NJ (United States); Wilson, J.M.; Gaul, G. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Orlando, FL (United States); Polsky, M. [Polsky Energy Corp., Northbrook, IL (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Fish Passage Assessment of an Advanced Hydropower Turbine and Conventional Turbine Using Blade-strike Modeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the Columbia and Snake River basins, several species of Pacific salmon were listed under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 due to significant declines of fish population. Dam operators and design engineers are thus faced with the task of making those hydroelectric facilities more ecologically friendly through changes in hydro-turbine design and operation. Public Utility District No. 2 of Grant County, Washington, applied for re-licensing from the U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to replace the 10 turbines at Wanapum Dam with advanced hydropower turbines that were designed to increase power generation and improve fish passage conditions. We applied both deterministic and stochastic blade-strike models to the newly installed turbine and an existing turbine. Modeled probabilities were compared to the results of a large-scale live fish survival study and a sensor fish study under the same operational parameters. Overall, injury rates predicted by the deterministic model were higher than experimental rates of injury while those predicted by the stochastic model were in close agreement with experiment results. Fish orientation at the time of entry into the plane of the leading edges of the turbine runner blades was an important factor contributing to uncertainty in modeled results. The advanced design turbine had slightly higher modeled injury rates than the existing turbine design; however, there was no statistical evidence that suggested significant differences in blade-strike injuries between the two turbines and the hypothesis that direct fish survival rate through the advanced hydropower turbine is equal or better than that through the conventional turbine could not be rejected.

Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.; Dauble, Dennis D.; Ploskey, Gene R.

2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

403

Measured effect of wind generation on the fuel consumption of an isolated diesel power system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Block Island Power Company (BIPCO), on Block Island, Rhode Island, operates an isolated electric power system consisting of diesel generation and an experimental wind turbine. The 150-kW wind turbine, designated MOD-OA by the U.S. Department of Energy is typically operated in parallel with two diesel generators to serve an average winter load of 350 kW. Wind generation serves up to 60% of the system demand depending on wind speed and total system load. Results of diesel fuel consumption measurements are given for the diesel units operated in parallel with the wind turbine and again without the wind turbine. The fuel consumption data are used to calculate the amount of fuel displaced by wind energy. Results indicate that the wind turbine displaced 25,700 lbs. of the diesel fuel during the test period, representing a calculated reduction in fuel consumption of 6.7% while generating 11% of the total electrical energy. The amount of displaced fuel depends on operating conditions and system load. It is also shown that diesel engine throttle activity resulting from wind gusts which rapidly change the wind turbine output do not significantly influence fuel consumption.

Stiller, P.; Scott, G.; Shaltens, R.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

DOE Technology Successes - "Breakthrough" Gas Turbines | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE Technology Successes - "Breakthrough" Gas Turbines DOE Technology Successes - "Breakthrough" Gas Turbines DOE Technology Successes - "Breakthrough" Gas Turbines For years, gas turbine manufacturers faced a barrier that, for all practical purposes, capped power generating efficiencies for turbine-based power generating systems. The barrier was temperature. Above 2300 degrees F, available cooling technologies were insufficient to protect the turbine blades and other internal components from heat degradation. Since higher temperatures are the key to higher efficiencies, this effectively limited the generating efficiency at which a turbine power plant could convert the energy in the fuel into electricity. The Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy took on the challenge of turbine temperatures in 1992, and nine years later, its private sector

405

Abstract--A bi-objective optimization model of power and power changes generated by a wind turbine is discussed in this  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for optimizing the power of the DFIG (Doubly Fed Induction Generator). Abdelli et al. [5] applied a multi

Kusiak, Andrew

406

Updated greenhouse gas and criteria air pollutant emission factors and their probability distribution functions for electricity generating units  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Greenhouse gas (CO{sub 2}, CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O, hereinafter GHG) and criteria air pollutant (CO, NO{sub x}, VOC, PM{sub 10}, PM{sub 2.5} and SO{sub x}, hereinafter CAP) emission factors for various types of power plants burning various fuels with different technologies are important upstream parameters for estimating life-cycle emissions associated with alternative vehicle/fuel systems in the transportation sector, especially electric vehicles. The emission factors are typically expressed in grams of GHG or CAP per kWh of electricity generated by a specific power generation technology. This document describes our approach for updating and expanding GHG and CAP emission factors in the GREET (Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation) model developed at Argonne National Laboratory (see Wang 1999 and the GREET website at http://greet.es.anl.gov/main) for various power generation technologies. These GHG and CAP emissions are used to estimate the impact of electricity use by stationary and transportation applications on their fuel-cycle emissions. The electricity generation mixes and the fuel shares attributable to various combustion technologies at the national, regional and state levels are also updated in this document. The energy conversion efficiencies of electric generating units (EGUs) by fuel type and combustion technology are calculated on the basis of the lower heating values of each fuel, to be consistent with the basis used in GREET for transportation fuels. On the basis of the updated GHG and CAP emission factors and energy efficiencies of EGUs, the probability distribution functions (PDFs), which are functions that describe the relative likelihood for the emission factors and energy efficiencies as random variables to take on a given value by the integral of their own probability distributions, are updated using best-fit statistical curves to characterize the uncertainties associated with GHG and CAP emissions in life-cycle modeling with GREET.

Cai, H.; Wang, M.; Elgowainy, A.; Han, J. (Energy Systems)

2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

407

MHK Technologies/GreenFlow Turbines | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GreenFlow Turbines GreenFlow Turbines < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage GreenFlow Turbines.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Gulfstream Technologies Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Cross Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description Targeted at commercial sites with large water flow volume These hydro turbines range in size from 50kW to 750kW with many sites able to house multiple units Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 55:53.9 << Return to the MHK database homepage Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=MHK_Technologies/GreenFlow_Turbines&oldid=681584

408

Optimal sizing study of hybrid wind/PV/diesel power generation unit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, a methodology of sizing optimization of a stand-alone hybrid wind/PV/diesel energy system is presented. This approach makes use of a deterministic algorithm to suggest, among a list of commercially available system devices, the optimal number and type of units ensuring that the total cost of the system is minimized while guaranteeing the availability of the energy. The collection of 6 months of data of wind speed, solar radiation and ambient temperature recorded for every hour of the day were used. The mathematical modeling of the main elements of the hybrid wind/PV/diesel system is exposed showing the more relevant sizing variables. A deterministic algorithm is used to minimize the total cost of the system while guaranteeing the satisfaction of the load demand. A comparison between the total cost of the hybrid wind/PV/diesel energy system with batteries and the hybrid wind/PV/diesel energy system without batteries is presented. The reached results demonstrate the practical utility of the used sizing methodology and show the influence of the battery storage on the total cost of the hybrid system. (author)

Belfkira, Rachid; Zhang, Lu; Barakat, Georges [Groupe de Recherche en Electrotechnique et Automatique du Havre, University of Le Havre, 25 rue Philippe Lebon, BP 1123, 76063 Le Havre (France)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

409

FUEL CELL/MICRO-TURBINE COMBINED CYCLE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A wide variety of conceptual design studies have been conducted that describe ultra-high efficiency fossil power plant cycles. The most promising of these ultra-high efficiency cycles incorporate high temperature fuel cells with a gas turbine. Combining fuel cells with a gas turbine increases overall cycle efficiency while reducing per kilowatt emissions. This study has demonstrated that the unique approach taken to combining a fuel cell and gas turbine has both technical and economic merit. The approach used in this study eliminates most of the gas turbine integration problems associated with hybrid fuel cell turbine systems. By using a micro-turbine, and a non-pressurized fuel cell the total system size (kW) and complexity has been reduced substantially from those presented in other studies, while maintaining over 70% efficiency. The reduced system size can be particularly attractive in the deregulated electrical generation/distribution environment where the market may not demand multi-megawatt central stations systems. The small size also opens up the niche markets to this high efficiency, low emission electrical generation option.

Larry J. Chaney; Mike R. Tharp; Tom W. Wolf; Tim A. Fuller; Joe J. Hartvigson

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Turbine bearings and rotor dynamics workshop: proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An EPRI workshop to address turbine bearing reliability improvement and rotor dynamics was co-hosted by Detroit Edison in Dearborn, Michigan on September 8-10, 1982. The 136 attendees represented a broad spectrum of US utilities, equipment manufacturers, and consultants, as well as representatives from England, Japan, and Switzerland. These proceedings contain the text of the formal presentations as well as summaries of the working group sessions which were devoted to topics of particular interest to the workshop participants. Formal presentations were organized under the following general session titles: utility experience and advancements in turbine bearing and lubrication systems; recent advancements in turbine bearing and lubrication systems; utility experience and advancements in turbine-generator rotor dynamics; and recent advancements in turbine-generator rotor dynamics. In addition to the technical presentations, working group sessions were held on selected topics relevant to turbine bearing reliability improvement and rotor dynamics. These groups provided a forum for engineers to exchange ideas and information in a less formal environment. The discussions provided attendees with an opportunity to discuss key issues in more detail and address subjects not covered in the formal presentations. The subjects of these working groups were: rotor dynamic analysis and problem solving; vibration signature analysis and field balancing; oil contamination monitoring and control; and operation and maintenance practices. Individual papers have been entered individually into EDB and ERA.

Brown, R.G.; Quilliam, J.F. (eds.)

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

NREL: Wind Research - Small Wind Turbine Webinars  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Small Wind Turbine Webinars Small Wind Turbine Webinars Here you will find webinars about small wind turbines that NREL hosted. Introducing WindLease(tm): Making Wind Energy Affordable NREL and the American Solar Energy Society (ASES) Wind Division co-hosted this webinar. (Text Version.) Date: August 1, 2013 Run Time: 40 minutes Joe Hess, VP of Business Development at United Wind, described United Wind's WindQuote and WindLease Program and explained the process from the dealer's and consumer's perspective. Texas Renewable Energy Industries Association NREL and the American Solar Energy Society (ASES) Wind Division co-hosted this webinar. (Text Version). Date: March 7, 2013 Run Time: 1 hour Russel Smith, Texas Renewable Energy Industries Association executive director and co-founder, provided an overview of the trade association

412

DISCRETE ELEMENT MODELING OF BLADE–STRIKE FREQUENCY AND SURVIVAL OF FISH PASSING THROUGH HYDROKINETIC TURBINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Evaluating the consequences from blade-strike of fish on marine hydrokinetic (MHK) turbine blades is essential for incorporating environmental objectives into the integral optimization of machine performance. For instance, experience with conventional hydroelectric turbines has shown that innovative shaping of the blade and other machine components can lead to improved designs that generate more power without increased impacts to fish and other aquatic life. In this work, we used unsteady computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of turbine flow and discrete element modeling (DEM) of particle motion to estimate the frequency and severity of collisions between a horizontal axis MHK tidal energy device and drifting aquatic organisms or debris. Two metrics are determined with the method: the strike frequency and survival rate estimate. To illustrate the procedure step-by-step, an exemplary case of a simple runner model was run and compared against a probabilistic model widely used for strike frequency evaluation. The results for the exemplary case showed a strong correlation between the two approaches. In the application case of the MHK turbine flow, turbulent flow was modeled using detached eddy simulation (DES) in conjunction with a full moving rotor at full scale. The CFD simulated power and thrust were satisfactorily comparable to experimental results conducted in a water tunnel on a reduced scaled (1:8.7) version of the turbine design. A cloud of DEM particles was injected into the domain to simulate fish or debris that were entrained into the turbine flow. The strike frequency was the ratio of the count of colliding particles to the crossing sample size. The fish length and approaching velocity were test conditions in the simulations of the MHK turbine. Comparisons showed that DEM-based frequencies tend to be greater than previous results from Lagrangian particles and probabilistic models, mostly because the DEM scheme accounts for both the geometric aspects of the passage event ---which the probabilistic method does--- as well as the fluid-particle interactions ---which the Lagrangian particle method does. The DEM-based survival rates were comparable to laboratory results for small fish but not for mid-size fish because of the considerably different turbine diameters. The modeling framework can be used for applications that aim at evaluating the biological performance of MHK turbine units during the design phase and to provide information to regulatory agencies needed for the environmental permitting process.

Romero Gomez, Pedro DJ; Richmond, Marshall C.

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

413

Thermal chemical recuperation method and system for use with gas turbine systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method are disclosed for efficiently generating power using a gas turbine, a steam generating system and a reformer. The gas turbine receives a reformed fuel stream and an air stream and produces shaft power and exhaust. Some of the thermal energy from the turbine exhaust is received by the reformer. The turbine exhaust is then directed to the steam generator system that recovers thermal energy from it and also produces a steam flow from a water stream. The steam flow and a fuel stream are directed to the reformer that reforms the fuel stream and produces the reformed fuel stream used in the gas turbine. 2 figs.

Yang, W.C.; Newby, R.A.; Bannister, R.L.

1999-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

414

Charlestown Wind Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Charlestown Wind Turbine Charlestown Wind Turbine Jump to: navigation, search Name Charlestown Wind Turbine Facility Charlestown Wind Turbine Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner MWRA Developer MWRA Energy Purchaser Distributed generation - net metered Location Boston MA Coordinates 42.39094522°, -71.07094288° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.39094522,"lon":-71.07094288,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

415

AFCEE MMR Turbines | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFCEE MMR Turbines AFCEE MMR Turbines Jump to: navigation, search Name AFCEE MMR Turbines Facility AFCEE MMR Turbines Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner AFCEE Developer Air Force Center for Engineering and the Environment Energy Purchaser Distributed generation - net metered Location Camp Edwards Sandwich MA Coordinates 41.75754733°, -70.54557323° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.75754733,"lon":-70.54557323,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

416

Performance Study and Optimization of the Zephergy Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are many problems associated with small wind turbines, such as small Reynolds number and poor starting performance, that make them much more expensive than the large ones per unit power. New technologies are needed to improve the quality...

Soodavi, Moein

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

417

BPA partners on overhaul of world's largest turbines  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is, no spa will accept a 3,000-ton turbine. That's why one of the three largest hydroelectric units in the world sits in pieces on the concrete floor inside the largest dam in...

418

SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Data Analysis and Conclusions  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

system HP high-pressure (the nominally upwind surface of a HAWT blade) IMU inertial measurement unit inboard toward the root end of a wind turbine blade LE leading edge of wind...

419

Power conversion unit studies for the next generation nuclear plant coupled to a high-temperature steam electrolysis facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

turbines and 4 compressors, a combined cycle with a Brayton top cycle and a Rankine bottoming cycle, and a reheated cycle with 3 stages of reheat were investigated. A high temperature steam electrolysis hydrogen production plant was coupled to the reactor...

Barner, Robert Buckner

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

420

Direct - drive permanent magnet synchronous generator design for hydrokinetic energy extraction .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??"Hydrokinetic turbines deliver lower shaft speeds when compared to both steam and wind turbines. Hence, a water wheel generator must operate at speeds as low… (more)

Kashyap, Amshumaan Raghunatha

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Strategies for Mitigating the Reduction in Economic Value of Variable Generation with Increasing Penetration Levels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Puga. The importance of combined cycle generating plants inthe assumption that new combined cycle gas turbines (CCGTs)Ancillary services Combined cycle gas turbine Concentrating

Mills, Andrew

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

MHK Technologies/Uppsala Cross flow Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

flow Turbine flow Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Uppsala Cross flow Turbine.gif Technology Profile Primary Organization Uppsala University Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Cross Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4 Proof of Concept Technology Description A cross flow turbine with fixed blade pitch is directly connected i e no gearbox to a low speed generator The generator is designed to give good efficiency over a wide range of speeds and loads The output voltage and current from the generator will be rectified and then inverted to grid specifications Mooring Configuration Gravity base Optimum Marine/Riverline Conditions Not yet determined Research concerns velocities below and above 1 m s

423

Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) for wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) method has been used to study the reliability of many different power generation systems. This paper now applies that method to a wind turbine (WT) system using a proprietary software reliability analysis tool. Comparison is made between the quantitative results of an FMEA and reliability field data from real wind turbine systems and their assemblies. These results are discussed to establish relationships which are useful for future wind turbine designs. The main system studied is an existing design 2 MW wind turbine with a Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG), which is then compared with a hypothetical wind turbine system using the Brushless Doubly Fed Generator (BDFG) of the same rating. The software reliability analysis tool used for these studies was Relex Reliability Studio 2007 Version 2.

H. Arabian-Hoseynabadi; H. Oraee; P.J. Tavner

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Survey records largest power generation order level in 20 year history  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the rapid changes that are underway in the electric power generation business around the world, we expect that the diesel and gas turbine industry should anticipate continued strength and growth in the power generation markets for the rest of the 199Os and into the early part of the next century. This 20th year of the survey shows a total output level of 30000 MW for gas turbine generators for the first time. For reciprocating engine generators, this year`s survey shows orders of nearly 5000 units and a total output of almost 10000 MW, which are also record highs for the survey. Turning to the marine auxiliary generating unit survey and the newly separated diesel-electric marine propulsion data, we see an excellent growth pattern as well. This article briefly discusses the results of the survey.

Wadman, B.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Characterization of noise from an isolated intermediate-sized wind turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Community-based wind power companies provide subscriptions to individual homeowners and businesses for power generated by a locally installed turbine. Typically such turbines are of an intermediate size such as the Vestas V20 120-kW turbines operated by the Cascade Community Wind Company in several locations within Washington state. This model turbine has a tower height of 80 feet with a rotor diameter of 60 ft. Each turbine is installed individually on leased land with no other turbines nearby. Noise measurements of a turbine located in Thorp WA were obtained in a variety of weather conditions. On several occasions with low to moderate wind speeds the turbine was stopped enabling the calculation of noise due to the turbine only. Results will be presented showing spectral content and sound pressure level contours for a range of wind speeds.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

2.10 - Electrical Parts of Wind Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This section presents the electrical subsystem of a wind turbine. Specifically, the power control, the generator, the power electronics, the grid connection, and the lightning protection modules are discussed. Though the content is targeted to present-day megawatt turbine, small machines are shortly presented. A list of the most important manufacturers in the field is also included. Finally, future outlook is described.

G.S. Stavrakakis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Offshore Series Wind Turbine Variable Hub heights & rotor diameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3.6MW Offshore Series Wind Turbine GE Energy #12;Feature Variable Hub heights & rotor diameters-savings feature, considering the rigors of offshore power generation. The 3.6 MW offshore wind turbine also, for both on and offshore use. Special features include... As the world's first commercially available wind

Firestone, Jeremy

428

Electromagnetic torque analysis of a DFIG for wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electromagnetic torque of doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) is a consequence of the rotor and stator supply. The stator voltage has a fixed amount and frequency. The rotor voltage of the DFIG as a part of a wind turbine has a variable amount and ... Keywords: DFIG, electromagnetic torque, renewable energy, wind turbine

Jurica Smajo; Dinko Vukadinovic

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

An introduction to the small wind turbine project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Small wind turbines are typically used for the remote or rural areas of the world including: a village in Chile; a cabin dweller in the U.S.; a farmer who wants to water his crop; or a utility company that wants to use distributed generation to help defer building new transmission lines and distribution facilities. Small wind turbines can be used for powering communities, businesses, homes, and miscellaneous equipment to support unattended operation. This paper covers the U.S. Department of Energy/National Renewable Energy Laboratory Small Wind Turbine project, its specifications, its applications, the subcontractors and their small wind turbines concepts. 4 refs., 4 figs.

Forsyth, T.L.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

An experimental investigation of turbine blade heat transfer and turbine blade trailing edge cooling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

studies have investigated the fluid flow and heat transfer behavior in high Reynolds number flows. Blair [7,8] investigated the effect of grid generated turbulence on flat plate heat transfer. He showed that turbulent heat transfer coefficient in flow... AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF TURBINE BLADE HEAT TRANSFER AND TURBINE BLADE TRAILING EDGE COOLING A Dissertation by JUNGHO CHOI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

Choi, Jungho

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

431

Effect of contamination on the water separability of steam turbine oils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect on water separability of three commercial steam turbine oils when contaminated with engine oil and/or a commercially available enhancement additive (designated as Additive X in this paper) for automotive lubricants was investigated. Additive X is an after-market lubricating oil supplement containing conventional crankcase type additives. All three oils showed degradation of water separability when contaminated with as little as 500 ppm (the ppm unit used through out this paper is ppm m/m.) of Additive X alone, as little as 500 ppm of engine oil alone, or 300 ppm of Additive X and 300 ppm of engine oil. It is speculated that the contamination affects water separability because of its calcium-based detergent component. The contamination at these levels in the steam turbine oil is not easily detected by trace metal analysis commonly used in rapid oil analysis programs. This is of concern because Additive X and engine oil are often used in industry to coat bearings during turbine generator maintenance. This study indicates that such practices could result in unsatisfactory water separation characteristics of the turbine oil. 3 refs., 2 figs., 6 tabs.

Li, Tsong-Dsu; Mansfield, J.M. [Texaco Port Arthur Research Lab., TX (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Advanced turbine systems study system scoping and feasibility study. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

United Technologies Research Center, Pratt & Whitney Commercial Engine Business, And Pratt & Whitney Government Engine and Space Propulsion has performed a preliminary analysis of an Advanced Turbine System (ATS) under Contract DE-AC21-92MC29247 with the Morgantown Energy Technology Center. The natural gas-fired reference system identified by the UTC team is the Humid Air Turbine (HAT) Cycle in which the gas turbine exhaust heat and heat rejected from the intercooler is used in a saturator to humidify the high pressure compressor discharge air. This results in a significant increase in flow through the turbine at no increase in compressor power. Using technology based on the PW FT4000, the industrial engine derivative of the PW4000, currently under development by PW, the system would have an output of approximately 209 MW and an efficiency of 55.3%. Through use of advanced cooling and materials technologies similar to those currently in the newest generation military aircraft engines, a growth version of this engine could attain approximately 295 MW output at an efficiency of 61.5%. There is the potential for even higher performance in the future as technology from aerospace R&D programs is adapted to aero-derivative industrial engines.

Not Available

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Set-point reconfiguration approach for the FTC of wind turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Set-point reconfiguration approach for the FTC of wind turbines B. Boussaid C. Aubrun N system stability. The effectiveness of the proposed solution is illustrated by a wind turbine example issue. Nowadays, wind turbines which generate electrical energy from the wind energy are considered one

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

434

ORIGINAL PAPER Insect attraction to wind turbines: does colour play a role?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL PAPER Insect attraction to wind turbines: does colour play a role? C. V. Long & J. A at wind turbine installations has been generating increasing con- cern, both for the continued development the phenomenon of avian and bat mortality at wind turbine installations, an issue that could potentially

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

435

Hilbert Transform-Based Bearing Failure Detection in DFIG-Based Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hilbert Transform-Based Bearing Failure Detection in DFIG-Based Wind Turbines Yassine Amirat1 and proactive maintenance of wind turbines assumes more importance with the increasing number of installed wind current sensors installed within the wind turbine generator. This paper describes then an approach based

Boyer, Edmond

436

Low-Voltage Ride-Through Techniques for DFIG-Based Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low-Voltage Ride-Through Techniques for DFIG-Based Wind Turbines: State-of-the-Art Review deals with low-voltage ride-through (LVRT) capability of wind turbines (WTs) and in particular those as to index some emerging solutions. Index Terms--Wind turbine, doubly-fed induction generator, low voltage

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

437

Bearing Fault Detection in DFIG-Based Wind Turbines Using the First Intrinsic Mode Function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bearing Fault Detection in DFIG-Based Wind Turbines Using the First Intrinsic Mode Function Y for bearing fault detection in DFIG-based wind turbines. The proposed method uses the first Intrinsic Mode Terms--Wind turbine, Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG), fault detection, bearings, signal processing

Boyer, Edmond

438

Assessment of arrays of in-stream tidal turbines in the Bay of Fundy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Assessment of arrays of in-stream tidal turbines in the Bay of Fundy Richard Karsten...energy . Theories of in-stream turbines are adapted to analyse the potential electricity generation and impact of turbine arrays deployed in Minas Passage...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

High-Order Sliding Mode Control of a DFIG-Based Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-Order Sliding Mode Control of a DFIG-Based Wind Turbine for Power Maximization and Grid Fault have several advantages over the traditional wind turbine operating methods, such as the reduction = Doubly-Fed Induction Generator; WT = Wind Turbine; HOSM = High-Order Sliding Mode; MPPT = Maximum Power

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

440

Power Smoothing Control in a Grid-Connected Marine Current Turbine System for Compensating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Smoothing Control in a Grid-Connected Marine Current Turbine System for Compensating Swell d-axis and q-axis inductances g, g Grid inductance and resistance Pole pair number R Turbine blade-axis and q-axis voltages Turbine and generator power difference , g Rotor position, grid voltage angle

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

NETL Publications: 2011 University Turbine Systems Research Workshop  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2011 University Turbine Systems Research Workshop 2011 University Turbine Systems Research Workshop October 25-27, 2011 PRESENTATIONS Tuesday, October 25, 2011 H2 Turbine Development for IGCC with CCS: Project Overviews and Technical Issues [PDF-1.12MB] Susan Scofield, Siemens Energy, Inc. GE Energy's DOE Advanced IGCC/Hydrogen Gas Turbine Program [PDF-1.16MB] Roger Schonewald, GE Energy DOE FE Hydrogen Turbine Program Overview [PDF-1.66MB] Richard Dennis, U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory Natural Gas Combined Cycle Power Generation [PDF-1.56MB] Robert Steele, Electric Power Research Institute Overview of Gas Turbine R&D at The Ohio State University [PDF-6.02MB] Meyer (Mike) Benzakein, Director of The Ohio State University's Center for Propulsion and Power An Experimental and Chemical Kinetics Study of the Combustion of Syngas and High Hydrogen Content Fuels [PDF-1.61MB]

442

Seven Universities Selected To Conduct Advanced Turbine Technology Studies  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Seven Universities Selected To Conduct Advanced Turbine Technology Seven Universities Selected To Conduct Advanced Turbine Technology Studies Seven Universities Selected To Conduct Advanced Turbine Technology Studies August 4, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Seven universities have been selected by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct advanced turbine technology studies under the Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) University Turbine Systems Research (UTSR) Program. The universities - located in Georgia, Texas, North Dakota, Louisiana, California, and New York - will investigate the technology needed for the clean and efficient operation of turbines using coal-derived systhesis gas (syngas) and high hydrogen content (HHC) fuels. This technology is crucial to developing advanced coal-based power generation processes, such as

443

MHK Technologies/Zero Impact Water Current Turbine | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zero Impact Water Current Turbine Zero Impact Water Current Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Technology Profile Primary Organization Green Wave Energy Corp GWEC Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Green Wave Mendocino *MHK Projects/Green Wave San Luis Obispo Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4: Proof of Concept Technology Description The Green Wave Zero Impact Water Current Turbine is a water current turbine that will revolutionize power generation as we know it Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 10/8/2010 << Return to the MHK database homepage Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=MHK_Technologies/Zero_Impact_Water_Current_Turbine&oldid=681718

444

NREL: Wind Research - Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 Wind Turbine  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 Wind Turbine Testing and Results Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 Wind Turbine Testing and Results Get the Adobe Flash Player to see this video. A video of Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL tested Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The ARE 442 is a 10-kilowatt (kW), three-bladed, horizontal-axis upwind small wind turbine. It has a hub height of 30.9 meters and a rotor diameter of 7.2 meters. The turbine has a single-phase permanent-magnet generator that operates at variable voltages up to 410 volts AC. Testing Summary The summary of the tests is below with the final reports.

445

Seven Universities Selected To Conduct Advanced Turbine Technology Studies  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Seven Universities Selected To Conduct Advanced Turbine Technology Seven Universities Selected To Conduct Advanced Turbine Technology Studies Seven Universities Selected To Conduct Advanced Turbine Technology Studies August 4, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Seven universities have been selected by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct advanced turbine technology studies under the Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) University Turbine Systems Research (UTSR) Program. The universities - located in Georgia, Texas, North Dakota, Louisiana, California, and New York - will investigate the technology needed for the clean and efficient operation of turbines using coal-derived systhesis gas (syngas) and high hydrogen content (HHC) fuels. This technology is crucial to developing advanced coal-based power generation processes, such as

446

MHK Technologies/SeaUrchin Vortex Reaction Turbine | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SeaUrchin Vortex Reaction Turbine SeaUrchin Vortex Reaction Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage SeaUrchin Vortex Reaction Turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Elemental Energy Technologies Limited ABN 46 128 491 903 Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4 Proof of Concept Technology Description A revolutionary vortex reaction turbine branded the SeaUrchin an advanced third generation marine turbine technology capable of delivering inexpensive small to large scale baseload or predictable electricity by harnessing the kinetic energy of free flowing ocean currents tides and rivers Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 55:15.2

447

NREL: Wind Research - SWIFT Wind Turbine Testing and Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SWIFT Wind Turbine Testing and Results SWIFT Wind Turbine Testing and Results The SWIFT wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL is testing the SWIFT small wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The competitive grant was awarded to Cascade Engineering. The SWIFT is a 1-kilowatt (kW), five-bladed with outer ring, horizontal-axis upwind small wind turbine. The turbine's rotor diameter is 2 meters, and its hub height is 13.72 meters. The SWIFT uses a single-phase permanent-magnet generator rated at 1 kW grid connected through an inverter at 240 volts AC. Testing Summary Supporting data and explanations for data provided in this table will be provided in the final reports. Data presented are preliminary and subject

448

Chapter 4 - Natural Gas–fired Gas Turbines and Combined Cycle Power Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Gas turbines can burn a range of liquid and gaseous fuels but most burn natural gas. Power plants based on gas turbines are one of the cheapest types of plant to build, but the cost of their electricity depends heavily on the cost of their fuel. Two types of gas turbine are used for power generation: aero-derivative gas turbines and heavy-duty gas turbines. The former are used to provide power to the grid at times of peak demand. The latter are most often found in combined cycle power stations. These are capable of more than 60% efficiency. There are a number of ways of modifying the gas turbine cycle to improve efficiency, including reheating and intercooling. Micro-turbines have been developed for very small-scale generation of both electricity and heat. The main atmospheric emissions from gas turbines are carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxide.

Paul Breeze

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Foundations for offshore wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...T. Thompson Foundations for offshore wind turbines B. W. Byrne G. T...civil-engineering problems encountered for offshore wind turbines. A critical component...energy suppliers. Foundations|Offshore Wind Turbines|Renewable Energy...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Barstow Wind Turbine Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers the Barstow Wind Turbine project for the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting, held on November 18-19, 2009.

451

Wind Turbine Tribology Seminar  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Wind turbine reliability issues are often linked to failures of contacting components, such as bearings, gears, and actuators. Therefore, special consideration to tribological design in wind...

452

International Environmental Evaluation for the Helical Screw Expander Generator Unit Projects in Cesano, Italy and Broadlands, New Zealand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of the Helical Screw Expander (HSE) Generator Program are (1) to accelerate the development of geothermal resources by introducing this advanced conversion technology, (2) to provide operating experience to prospective users of the equipment, and (3) to collect data on the performance and reliability of the equipment under various geothermal resource conditions. The participants hope to achieve these goals by testing a small-scale, transportable HSE generator at existing geothermal test facilities that produce fluids of different salinity, temperature and pressure conditions. This Environmental Evaluation has been prepared, using available information, to analyze the environmental consequences of testing the HSE generator. Its purpose is to support a decision on the need for a complete environmental review of the HSE program under the terms of Executive Order 121 14, ''Environmental Effects Abroad of Major federal Actions''. This Executive Order requires review of projects which involve the release of potentially toxic effluents that are strictly regulated in the United States, or which may have significant environmental effects on the global commons, on natural or ecological resources of international significance, or on the environment of non-participating countries. The final guidelines implementing the provisions of the Executive Order for DOE have been published. This evaluation deals with testing to be conducted at Cesano, Italy by the designated contractor of the Italian government, the Ente Narionale per l'Energia Ellectrica (ENEL), and at Broadlands, New Zealand by the Ministry of Works and Development of New Zealand. Testing at Cerro Prieto, Mexico has already been completed by the Comision Federal de Electricidad and is not evaluated in this report.

Webb, J.W.; Mezga, L.J.; Reed, A.W.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

A Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA) based Photo-Voltaic (PV) excitation control strategy for single phase operation of three phase wind-turbine coupled induction generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Three phase induction generators are widely used for single phase operation in wind based micro-generation schemes to cater single phase loads due to various advantages. This paper presents an improved control methodology for self excited three phase induction generator operating in single phase mode. The excitation is controlled through an inverter with Photo-Voltaic (PV) panels providing power to the dc bus. The proposed technique enables the generator for building up voltage from low wind speeds compared to conventional three phase machines. A capacitor connected across load terminals reduces the reactive power supplied by the inverter connected across the other two phases. Gravitational search algorithm (GSA) is used to calculate the switching angles of the inverter under various load and wind speeds for minimum Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) of the generated voltage. The proposed induction generator is aimed to be conveniently used in remote and grid isolated areas as a portable source of electrical power driving single phase loads. Simulations and experiments performed on a 3-phase 1 kW, 415 V, 50 Hz, 1440 r/min induction machine validates the proposed concept.

Arunava Chatterjee; Krishna Roy; Debashis Chatterjee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

An overview of current and future sustainable gas turbine technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work an overview of current and future sustainable gas turbine technologies is presented. In particular, the various gas turbine technologies are described and compared. Emphasis has been given to the various advance cycles involving heat recovery from the gas turbine exhaust, such as, the gas to gas recuperation cycle, the combined cycle, the chemical recuperation cycle, the Cheng cycle, the humid air turbine cycle, etc. The thermodynamic characteristics of the various cycles are considered in order to establish their relative importance to future power generation markets. The combined cycle technology is now well established and offers superior to any of the competing gas turbine based systems, which are likely to be available in the medium term for large-scale power generation applications. In small-scale generation, less than 50 MWe, it is more cost effective to install a less complex power plant, due to the adverse effect of the economics of scale. Combined cycle plants in this power output range normally have higher specific investment costs and lower electrical efficiencies but also offer robust and reliable performance. Mixed air steam turbines (MAST) technologies are among the possible ways to improve the performance of gas turbine based power plants at feasible costs (e.g. peak load gas turbine plants).

Andreas Poullikkas

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Analysis of the effects of integrating wind turbines into a conventional utility: a case study. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The impact on a utility incorporating wind turbine generation due to wind speed sampling frequency, wind turbine performance model, and wind speed forecasting accuracy is examined. The utility analyzed in the study was the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power and the wind turbine assumed was the MOD-2. The sensitivity of the economic value of wind turbine generation to wind speed sampling frequency and wind turbine modeling technique is examined as well as the impact of wind forecasting accuracy on utility operation and production costs. Wind speed data from San Gorgonio Pass, California during 1979 are used to estimate wind turbine performance using four different simulation methods. (LEW)

Goldenblatt, M.K.; Wegley, H.L.; Miller, A.H.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Analysis of the effects of integrating wind turbines into a conventional utility: a case study. Revised final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The impact on a utility incorporating wind turbine generation due to wind speed sampling frequency, wind turbine performance model, and wind speed forecasting accuracy is examined. The utility analyzed in this study was the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, and the wind turbine assumed was the MOD-2. The sensitivity of the economic value of wind turbine generation to wind speed sampling frequency and wind turbine modeling technique is examined as well as the impact of wind forecasting accuracy on utility operation and production costs. Wind speed data from San Gorgonio Pass, California during 1979 are used to estimate wind turbine performance using four different simulation methods. (LEW)

Goldenblatt, M.K.; Wegley, H.L.; Miller, A.H.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Restoration islands supplied by gas turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper describes how gas turbine based plants (open cycle and combined cycle) can be profitably used in power system restoration for supplying restoration areas. In recent times, in fact, several gas turbine sections entered the power system due to the improved efficiency of gas turbines and to the development of high efficiency combined-cycle plants. These units can be easily improved to provide black-start capability and can therefore largely increase the black-start capacity of the entire system. Restoration islands to be used for minimizing the time to supply critical areas, such as urban and industrial zones, can support the usual restoration paths designed to provide cranking power to large steam units. The paper presents the defining criteria for the procedures to be followed during restoration. An example referred to as an urban area is reported with simulation results. The Italian System Operator recently carried out some tests on an open cycle gas turbine aimed at checking the island operation of the unit. Some results are described.

S. Barsali; D. Poli; A. Praticň; R. Salvati; M. Sforna; R. Zaottini

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

The forecast of the development of the market for gas turbine equipment in the years 2013–2021 (review)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The data are given, according to which, 12521 power-generating gas turbines will be manufactured in 2011–2021. More than 32% of these turbines will be made by Solar, while products made by General Electric will ....

V. V. Goncharov

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Steam Turbine Control Valve Noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although noise problems with steam turbine control valves have existed before they have become more prominent with nuclear turbines whose valves range to 20 in. in diameter. Our first?generation nuclear control valves were unacceptably noisy when operating under chocked conditions. These noise levels have been ameliorated by incorporation of a valve cage with numerous small holes. Rational design rules for this “dispersive muffler” have been developed from published multiple?jet noise data and improved through our own tests. However we are also evaluating other low?noise valve configurations which are consistent with turbine requirements. The approach we are developing is to investigate the internal aerodynamic noisegeneration in small air model tests and to combine this with measurements of pipe?wall transmission characteristics (being reported separately) to predict externally radiated noise. These predictions will be checked in a new steam test facility for complete scale?model valves. The small air tests show that acoustic efficiencies of throttling valve flows tend to vary with third power of Mach number when exhausting into space and with a lesser power when enclosed in a downstream pipe. At some pressure ratios narrow?band spikes appear in the spectrum and for some configurations step changes in sound power are associated with transitions in flow regimes.

Frank J. Heymann; Michael A. Staiano

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Turbines and turbulence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Will wind turbines wreck the environment? Last month, the South China Morning Post published a news story ... dismissive official quoted probably has a point. There is no solid scientific evidence that wind turbines can trigger major changes in rainfall. And given Nature's conversations with atmospheric modellers ...

2010-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Modern Gas Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE published information on gas turbines is both voluminous and widely dispersed, a considerable part of the technical literature of ... hands of students whose imagination has been fired by the rapid development of the gas turbine, and whose knowledge of thermodynamics may not be sufficient to detect such errors. There ...

E. G. STERLAND

1948-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

462

Shipbuilding: Cunard Turbines Examined  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... judge. It will be a great achievement if he can devise an assessment of the turbine troubles to satisfy all three parties. The Minister of Technology, Mr Anthony Wedgwood Benn ... Arnold to examine reports from all three companies on the faults which arose in the turbines during the recent trials of the QE2, and to assess the remedial measures that ...

1969-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

463

Discharge source coupled to a deceleration unit for anion beam generation: Application to H{sub 2}{sup ?} photodetachment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cathode discharge source coupled to a deceleration unit for anion beam generation is described. The discharge source, made of stainless steel or duralumin electrodes and Macor insulators, is attached to the exit nozzle valve plate at one end, and to an Einzel lens to the other end. Subsequently, a cylindrical retardation unit is attached to the Einzel lens to decelerate the ions in order to optimize the laser beam interaction time required for spectroscopic investigations. The compact device is able to produce beam intensities of the order of 2 × 10{sup 12} anions/cm{sup 2} s and 20 ?rad of angular divergence with kinetic energies ranging from 30 to 120 eV. Using distinct gas mixtures for the supersonic expansion together with a linear time-of-flight spectrometer, anions of great relevance in molecular astrophysics like, for example, H{sub 2}{sup ?}, C{sub 3}H{sup ?}, C{sub 2}{sup ?}, C{sub 2}H{sup ?}, HCN{sub 2}{sup ?}, CO{sub 2}{sup ?}, CO{sub 2}H{sup ?}, C{sub 4}{sup ?}, C{sub 4}H{sup ?}, C{sub 5}H{sub 4}{sup ?}, C{sub 5}H{sub 6}{sup ?}, C{sub 7}N{sup ?}, and C{sub 10}N{sup ?} were produced. Finally, in order to demonstrate the capability of the experimental technique the photodetachment cross-section of the metastable H{sub 2}{sup ?}, predominantly in the (v = 0, J = 26) state, was measured following laser excitation at ?{sub exc}= 565 nm obtaining a value of ?{sub ph}= 0.04 Ĺ. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first time that this anion cross-section has been measured.

Rudnev, V.; Ureńa, A. González [Unidad de Láseres y Haces Moleculares, Instituto Pluridisciplinar, Universidad Complutense, Juan XXIII-1, Madrid 28040 (Spain)] [Unidad de Láseres y Haces Moleculares, Instituto Pluridisciplinar, Universidad Complutense, Juan XXIII-1, Madrid 28040 (Spain)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

464

Study of the Reliability Enhancement of Wind Turbines Employing Direct-drive Technology.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In traditional wind turbines employing gearboxes, the blades spin a shaft that is connected through a gearbox to the generator. The multiple wheels and bearings… (more)

Sara George, Reeba

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

An experimental study of improvement of a micro hydro turbine performance.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The thesis includes a literature survey of small hydraulic turbines, incorporating a historical review. The possible role of "micro hydros" in generating power in various… (more)

Yassi, Yousef

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Ceramic Cerami Turbine Nozzle  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A turbine nozzle vane assembly having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is positioned in a gas turbine engine and being attached to conventional metallic components. The metallic components having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine nozzle vane assembly. The turbine nozzle vane assembly includes an outer shroud and an inner shroud having a plurality of horizontally segmented vanes therebetween being positioned by a connecting member positioning segmented vanes in functional relationship one to another. The turbine nozzle vane assembly provides an economical, reliable and effective ceramic component having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the other component.

Boyd, Gary L. (Alpine, CA)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Ceramic turbine nozzle  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A turbine nozzle and shroud assembly having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is positioned in a gas turbine engine and being attached to conventional metallic components. The metallic components have a preestablished rate of thermal expansion greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine nozzle vane assembly. The turbine nozzle vane assembly includes a plurality of segmented vane defining a first vane segment and a second vane segment, each of the first and second vane segments having a vertical portion, and each of the first vane segments and the second vane segments being positioned in functional relationship one to another within a recess formed within an outer shroud and an inner shroud. The turbine nozzle and shroud assembly provides an economical, reliable and effective ceramic component having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being less than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the other component. 4 figs.

Shaffer, J.E.; Norton, P.F.

1996-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

468

Ceramic turbine nozzle  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A turbine nozzle and shroud assembly having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is positioned in a gas turbine engine and being attached to conventional metallic components. The metallic components having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine nozzle vane assembly. The turbine nozzle vane assembly includes a plurality of segmented vane defining a first vane segment and a second vane segment. Each of the first and second vane segments having a vertical portion. Each of the first vane segments and the second vane segments being positioned in functional relationship one to another within a recess formed within an outer shroud and an inner shroud. The turbine nozzle and shroud assembly provides an economical, reliable and effective ceramic component having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being less than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the other component.

Shaffer, James E. (Maitland, FL); Norton, Paul F. (San Diego, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Steam turbine upgrading: low-hanging fruit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thermodynamic performance of the steam turbine, more than any other plant component, determines overall plant efficiency. Upgrading steam path components and using computerized design tools and manufacturing techniques to minimise internal leaks are two ways to give tired steam turbines a new lease on life. The article presents three case studies that illustrate how to do that. These are at Unit 1 of Dairyland's J.P. Madgett Station in Alma, WI, a coal-fired subcritical steam plant; the four units at AmerenUE's 600 MW coal-fired Labadie plant west of St. Louis; and Unit 3 of KeyPlan Corp's Northport Power Station on Long Island. 8 figs.

Peltier, R.

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

470

Wind Turbine Design Cost and Scaling Model  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wind Turbine Design Cost Wind Turbine Design Cost and Scaling Model L. Fingersh, M. Hand, and A. Laxson Technical Report NREL/TP-500-40566 December 2006 NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute â—Ź Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 Wind Turbine Design Cost and Scaling Model L. Fingersh, M. Hand, and A. Laxson Prepared under Task No. WER6.0703 Technical Report NREL/TP-500-40566 December 2006 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

471

Built-Environment Wind Turbine Roadmap  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Built-Environment Wind Turbine Built-Environment Wind Turbine Roadmap J. Smith, T. Forsyth, K. Sinclair, and F. Oteri Technical Report NREL/TP-5000-50499 November 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Built-Environment Wind Turbine Roadmap J. Smith, T. Forsyth, K. Sinclair, and F. Oteri Prepared under Task No. WE11250 Technical Report NREL/TP-5000-50499 November 2012 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

472

Responses of floating wind turbines to wind and wave excitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The use of wind power has recently emerged as a promising alternative to conventional electricity generation. However, space requirements and public pressure to place unsightly wind turbines out of visual range make it ...

Lee, Kwang Hyun

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Vertical axis wind turbine with continuous blade angle adjustment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The author presents a concept for a vertical axis wind turbine that utilizes each blade's entire rotational cycle for power generation. Each blade has its own vertical axis of rotation and is constrained to rotate at the ...

Weiss, Samuel Bruce

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Insect attraction to wind turbines: does colour play a role?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The phenomenon of wildlife mortality at wind turbine installations has been generating increasing concern, both for the continued development of the wind industry and for local ecology. While an...

C. V. Long; J. A. Flint; P. A. Lepper

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Development of a plate-fin type gas turbine recuperator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A plate-fin type recuperator for a gas turbine/fuel cell hybrid power generation system was designed, manufactured, and tested. Performance analysis shows that the performance of the system is directly affecte...

Jae Su Kwak; Inyoung Yang

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Development of Gas Turbine Combustors for Low BTU Gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large-capacity combined cycles with high-temperature gas turbines burning petroleum fuel or LNG have already ... the other hand, as the power generation technology utilizing coal burning the coal gasification com...

I. Fukue; S. Mandai; M. Inada

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Lateral and Axial Capacity of Monopiles for Offshore Wind Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Offshore wind has enormous worldwide potential to generate increasing ... are considered to be viable in supporting larger offshore wind turbines in shallow to medium depth waters. In ... of axial and lateral loa...

Aliasger Haiderali; Ulas Cilingir; Gopal Madabhushi

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Shaft generator transmissions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Economical on-board power can be generated from two-stroke, low-speed engines by installing a multistage hollow-shaft gearbox on the propeller intermediate shaft to drive the generator. Gearbox manufacturer Asug, based in Dessau, Germany, has designed units specifically for this purpose. The Asug shaft generator drive concept for generator drives at the front end of the engine is designed to reduce installation costs and uses an integrated engine-gearbox foundation. The complete propulsion system, consisting of the diesel engine, gear with coupling and generator, can be completely or partially preassembled outside the ship`s engine room to reduce onboard assembly time. A separate foundation for this arrangement is not necessary. The company offers a full range of gearboxes to generate power from 500 kW up to 5000 kW. Gearboxes driven from the forward engine end often incorporate an additional gear stage to gain energy from an exhaust turbine. This arrangement feeds part of the exhaust energy back into the system to increase efficiency. Latest installations of Asug shaft generator gears are in container ships and cargo/container ships built in Turkey and China.

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Aquantis Ocean Current Turbine Development Project Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Aquantis® Current Plane (“C-Plane”) technology developed by Dehlsen Associates, LLC (DA) and Aquantis, Inc. is an ocean current turbine designed to extract kinetic energy from ocean currents. The technology is capable of achieving competitively priced base-load, continuous, and reliable power generation from a source of renewable energy not before possible in this scale or form.

Fleming, Alex J.

2014-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

480

Utility Scale Wind Turbines on a Grid Connected Island Mohit Dua, Anthony L. Rogers, James F. Manwell,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utility Scale Wind Turbines on a Grid Connected Island Mohit Dua, Anthony L. Rogers, James F utility scale wind turbines on Fox Islands, located 12 miles from the coast of Maine in the United States of electricity itself. Three locations are analyzed in detail as potential sites for wind turbine installations

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "turbine generator unit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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481

Mid-Size Wind Turbines | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Mid-Size Wind Turbines Jump to: navigation, search A Vergnet GEV MP C 275-kW turbine at the Sandywoods Community, Rhode island. Photo from Stefan Dominioni/Vergnet S.A., NREL 26490. The U.S. Department of Energy defines mid-size wind turbines as 101 kilowatts to 1 megawatt.[1] Resources Kwartin, R.; Wolfrum, A.; Granfield, K.; Kagel, A.; Appleton, A. (2008). An Analysis of the Technical and Economic Potential for Mid-Scale Distributed Wind. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Accessed September 27, 2013. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Midsize Wind Turbine Research. Accessed September 27, 2013. This webpage discusses efforts to develop and commercialize mid-size wind turbines in the United States. References

482

LOW NOx EMISSIONS IN A FUEL FLEXIBLE GAS TURBINE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In alignment with Vision 21 goals, a study is presented here on the technical and economic potential for developing a gas turbine combustor that is capable of generating less that 2 ppm NOx emissions, firing on either coal synthesis gas or natural gas, and being implemented on new and existing systems. The proposed solution involves controlling the quantity of H2 contained in the fuel. The presence of H2 leads to increased flame stability such that the combustor can be operated at lower temperatures and produce less thermal NOx. Coal gas composition would be modified using a water gas shift converter, and natural gas units would implement a catalytic partial oxidation (CPOX) reactor to convert part of the natural gas feed to a syngas before fed back into the combustor. While both systems demonstrated technical merit, the economics involved in implementing such a system are marginal at best. Therefore, Praxair has decided not to pursue the technology any further at this time.

Raymond Drnevich; James Meagher; Vasilis Papavassiliou; Troy Raybold; Peter Stuttaford; Leonard Switzer; Lee Rosen

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Advanced turbine systems: Studies and conceptual design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ABB selection for the Advanced Turbine System (ATS) includes advanced developments especially in the hot gas path of the combustion turbine and new state-of-the-art units such as the steam turbine and the HRSG. The increase in efficiency by more than 10% multiplicative compared to current designs will be based on: (1) Turbine Inlet Temperature Increase; (2) New Cooling Techniques for Stationary and Rotating Parts; and New Materials. Present, projected component improvements that will be introduced with the above mentioned issues will yield improved CCSC turbine performance, which will drive the ATS selected gas-fired reference CC power plant to 6 % LHV or better. The decrease in emission levels requires a careful optimization of the cycle design, where cooling air consumption has to be minimized. All interfaces of the individual systems in the complete CC Plant need careful checks, especially to avoid unnecessary margins in the individual designs. This study is an important step pointing out the feasibility of the ATS program with realistic goals set by DOE, which, however, will present challenges for Phase II time schedule of 18 months. With the approach outlined in this study and close cooperation with DOE, ATS program success can be achieved to deliver low emissions and low cost of electricity by the year 2002. The ABB conceptual design and step approach will lead to early component demonstration which will help accelerate the overall program objectives.

van der Linden, S.; Gnaedig, G.; Kreitmeier, F.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Wind Turbine Blockset General Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Turbine Blockset in Saber General Overview and Description of the Models Florin Iov, Adrian Turbine Blockset in Saber Abstract. This report presents a new developed Saber Toolbox for wind turbine, optimize and design wind turbines". The report provides a quick overview of the Saber and then explains

485

Cooled snubber structure for turbine blades  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A turbine blade assembly in a turbine engine. The turbine blade assembly includes a turbine blade and a first snubber structure. The turbine blade includes an internal cooling passage containing cooling air. The first snubber structure extends outwardly from a sidewall of the turbine blade and includes a hollow interior portion that receives cooling air from the internal cooling passage of the turbine blade.

Mayer, Clinton A; Campbell, Christian X; Whalley, Andrew; Marra, John J

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

High efficiency carbonate fuel cell/turbine hybrid power cycle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The hybrid power cycle studies were conducted to identify a high efficiency, economically competitive system. A hybrid power cycle which generates power at an LHV efficiency > 70% was identified that includes an atmospheric pressure direct carbonate fuel cell, a gas turbine, and a steam cycle. In this cycle, natural gas fuel is mixed with recycled fuel cell anode exhaust, providing water for reforming fuel. The mixed gas then flows to a direct carbonate fuel cell which generates about 70% of the power. The portion of the anode exhaust which is not recycled is burned and heat transferred through a heat exchanger (HX) to the compressed air from a gas turbine. The heated compressed air is then heated further in the gas turbine burner and expands through the turbine generating 15% of the power. Half the exhaust from the turbine provides air for the anode exhaust burner. All of the turbine exhaust eventually flows through the fuel cell cathodes providing the O2 and CO2 needed in the electrochemical reaction. Exhaust from the cathodes flows to a steam system (heat recovery steam generator, staged steam turbine generating 15% of the cycle power). Simulation of a 200 MW plant with a hybrid power cycle had an LHV efficiency of 72.6%. Power output and efficiency are insensitive to ambient temperature, compared to a gas turbine combined cycle; NOx emissions are 75% lower. Estimated cost of electricity for 200 MW is 46 mills/kWh, which is competitive with combined cycle where fuel cost is > $5.8/MMBTU. Key requirement is HX; in the 200 MW plant studies, a HX operating at 1094 C using high temperature HX technology currently under development by METC for coal gassifiers was assumed. A study of a near term (20 MW) high efficiency direct carbonate fuel cell/turbine hybrid power cycle has also been completed.

Steinfeld, G.; Maru, H.C. [Energy Research Corp., Danbury, CT (United States); Sanderson, R.A. [Sanderson (Robert) and Associates, Wethersfield, CT (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Partial Oxidation Gas Turbine for Power and Hydrogen Co-Production from Coal-Derived Fuel in Industrial Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report presents a feasibility study of a new type of gas turbine. A partial oxidation gas turbine (POGT) shows potential for really high efficiency power generation and ultra low emissions. There are two main features that distinguish a POGT from a conventional gas turbine. These are associated with the design arrangement and the thermodynamic processes used in operation. A primary design difference of the POGT is utilization of a non?catalytic partial oxidation reactor (POR) in place of a conventional combustor. Another important distinction is that a much smaller compressor is required, one that typically supplies less than half of the air flow required in a conventional gas turbine. From an operational and thermodynamic point of view a key distinguishing feature is that the working fluid, fuel gas provided by the OR, has a much higher specific heat than lean combustion products and more energy per unit mass of fluid can be extracted by the POGT expander than in the conventional systems. The POGT exhaust stream contains unreacted fuel that can be combusted in different bottoming ycle or used as syngas for hydrogen or other chemicals production. POGT studies include feasibility design for conversion a conventional turbine to POGT duty, and system analyses of POGT based units for production of power solely, and combined production of power and yngas/hydrogen for different applications. Retrofit design study was completed for three engines, SGT 800, SGT 400, and SGT 100, and includes: replacing the combustor with the POR, compressor downsizing for about 50% design flow rate, generator replacement with 60 90% ower output increase, and overall unit integration, and extensive testing. POGT performances for four turbines with power output up to 350 MW in POGT mode were calculated. With a POGT as the topping cycle for power generation systems, the power output from the POGT ould be increased up to 90% compared to conventional engine keeping hot section temperatures, pressures, and volumetric flows practically identical. In POGT mode, the turbine specific power (turbine net power per lb mass flow from expander exhaust) is twice the value of the onventional turbine. POGT based IGCC plant conceptual design was developed and major components have been identified. Fuel flexible fluid bed gasifier, and novel POGT unit are the key components of the 100 MW IGCC plant for co producing electricity, hydrogen and/or yngas. Plant performances were calculated for bituminous coal and oxygen blown versions. Various POGT based, natural gas fueled systems for production of electricity only, coproduction of electricity and hydrogen, and co production of electricity and syngas for gas to liquid and hemical processes were developed and evaluated. Performance calculations for several versions of these systems were conducted. 64.6 % LHV efficiency for fuel to electricity in combined cycle was achieved. Such a high efficiency arise from using of syngas from POGT exhaust s a fuel that can provide required temperature level for superheated steam generation in HRSG, as well as combustion air preheating. Studies of POGT materials and combustion instabilities in POR were conducted and results reported. Preliminary market assessment was performed, and recommendations for POGT systems applications in oil industry were defined. POGT technology is ready to proceed to the engineering prototype stage, which is recommended.

Joseph Rabovitser

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

488

Fish injury and mortality in spillage and turbine passage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spillage rather than turbine passage has generally been considered the more benign route for fish passing hydroelectric stations. However, recent studies utilizing the HI-Z Turb`N Tag recapture technique indicate that fish survival may be similar for these passage routes. Short-term ({<=}1 h) survival rates determined during 25 passage tests at propeller turbines on a variety of fish species were compared with those from six sluice/spill tests. Turbine passage survival data were partitioned by fish size, individual turbine unit size, and efficient or inefficient mode of turbine operation. The survival rate in all the turbine passage tests ranged from 81 to 100% (median 96%). Survival estimates were generally similar over the entire range of turbine discharges tested and regardless of operational mode for fish {<=}200 mm (93 to 100%; median 96%). However, studies on fish >200 mm where smaller turbines operated inefficiently were more variable. Estimated survival rates of 81 to 86% were obtained for these larger fish. These latter studies occurred at horizontal propeller type turbines where an inefficient wicket gate or turbine blade setting was tested. Survival rates obtained during the sluice/spill tests ranged from 93 to 100%, with a median of 98%. Although fish species or size did not appear an important factor, the physical characteristics of the sluice/spill area apparently did affect survival. Unobstructed spills yielded higher survival rates. Since similar passage survival rates were obtained for turbine passage (96%) compared to spill passage (98%), the strategy of diverting fishes over spillways or through bypasses should be reexamined. This is especially true when bypasses or spills are suggested as mitigation to protect emigrating juvenile anadromous fishes. Whichever strategy is chosen a quantitative evaluation of each route should be undertaken.

Heisey, P.G.; Mathur, D.; Euston, E.T. [RMC Environmental Services, Drumore, PA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z