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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

EA-1131: Relocation of Neutron Tube Target Loading Operation, Los Alamos Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to relocate the Neutron Tube Target Loading operations at the U.S. Department of Energy Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico from...

2

Environmental assessment of the relocation of Neutron Tube Target Loading Operations. Final document  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron Tube Target Loading (NTTL) is an operation that involves the transferring (i.e. loading) of radioactive tritium gas onto metal target disks under an inert nitrogen atmosphere using a glovebox operation. The relocation of NTTL operations from the Pinellas Plant to the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in Los Alamos, New Mexico, was addressed in the Non-nuclear Consolidation Environmental Assessment (EA) of June 1993. This EA analyzes a Proposed Action to relocate the NTTL operations at LANL from Building 209 at TA-21 to Building 450 at TA-16. The Proposed Action would require the remodeling of Building 450 and some modifications to Buildings 205 and 205A, collectively referred to as the Weapons Engineering Tritium Facility (WETF) in TA-16. The construction of a change room addition would also be required to connect Building 450 and the WETF to take advantage of existing tritium control and confinement systems. Other construction activities and site modifications would include a new electrical substation, a new mechanical and electrical room, minor demolition work, two additional transportable buildings and a new parking area. An alternative to the Proposed Action includes keeping the NTTL operations at TA-21 (No Action). Alternatives considered but dismissed include the construction of a new NTTL laboratory at LANL, and the renovation of an alternative facility to Building 450 for conducting NTTL operations. None of the alternatives would enable the DOE to meet its mission responsibilities at LANL in a timely manner. The principle environmental issues associated with the Proposed Action include a minor amount of air emissions associated with construction activities and tritium operations and a small quantity of construction and low-level radioactive wastes. Human health and cumulative effects are expected to be negligible. On-site transportation of tritium between TA-21 and TA-16 to support NTTL operations would be eliminated.

NONE

1995-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

3

Detonation loading of tubes in the modified shear wave speed regime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detonation loading of tubes in the modified shear wave speed regime T. Chao and J. E. Shepherd detonation loading in the modified shear wave speed regime. Strain gauges were used to determine the time and numerical simulations with explicit finite element computation treating the detonation as a traveling load

4

An experimental investigation of the energy-absorption characteristics of metal tubes loaded in compression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF THE ENERGY-ABSORPTION CHARACTERISTICS OF METAL TUBES LOADED IN COMPRESSION A Thesis By ARMIN FREDERICK HERRMANN, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1964 Ma]or Subject: Aerospace Engineering AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF THE ENERGY-ABSORPTION CHARACTERISTICS OF METAL TUBES LOADED IN COMPRESSION A Thesis By ARMIN FREDERICK HERRMANN, JR...

Herrmann, Armin Frederick

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

5

Refrigeration Recovery for Experiment Hall High Target Loads  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Qweak experiment at Jefferson Lab (JLab) is a 3000 W hydrogen target scheduled for the summer of 2010 and running for two years until the planned shut-down for 12GeV. The End Station Refrigerator (ESR) supports the three experiment halls, two of which may normally have a hydrogen target. The refrigerator for the ESR is a CTI/Helix 1500 W 4.5-K refrigerator nominally capable of supporting a 1250 W target load at 12 bar and 15-K (plus 1100 W of 4.5-K refrigeration). As such, this refrigerator is not capable of supporting the Qweak experiment target load in its present condition. Additionally, since the installation of an ambient air vaporizer for a single use, two week run duration of a high target load in the summer of 2003 there has been a consistent usage of the Central Helium Liquefier’s (CHL’s) 3 bar 4.5-K helium, supplied via an existing transfer-line to the ESR, for other high target loads. By the fall of 2004, it was apparent that this continued use of CHL’s supercritical helium was routinely being sought by the hall experimenters. As such, a method of refrigeration recovery was proposed to reduce the support required of CHL for these high target loads, including the anticipated Qweak experiment, while utilizing the recovered CHL refrigeration from the target to increase ESR’s 12 bar 15-K capacity.

Peter Knudsen, Venkatarao Ganni, Errol Yuksek, Jonathan Creel

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Influences of generalized loading parameters on FLD predictions for aluminum tube hydroforming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present study intends to investigate the prediction of forming limit diagrams (FLDs) for tube hydroforming from the perspective of selecting various combinations of loading parameters based on plastic instability. From this perspective, certain related research efforts on plastic instability of thin-walled tubes subjected to internal fluid pressure and axial force are reviewed and six combinations of loading parameters have been identified. There are nine combinations of loading parameters, including six found in the literature, being employed to determine forming limit curves (FLCs) for tube hydroforming in the present study. The predicted \\{FLCs\\} are compared with experimental data obtained in a well-controlled laboratory condition. Comparisons indicate that the combination of the internal pressure p and the resultant axial force Fz + ?r2p provides the best predicted right side of FLC among the nine combinations and a reasonably well-predicted left-hand side of FLC. In addition, comparison also demonstrated that the combination of p and the applied axial stress Fz/2?rt can also give a reasonable predicted left-hand side of FLC.

E. Chu; Yu Xu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Targeted chlorination for biofouling control in steam electric power plant condenser tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to develop an understanding of the relationships between biofouling, heat transfer, and to assess the technical feasibility of the targeted chlorination (TC) concept as an alternative to conventional chlorination in once-through seawater cooling systems. A shell and tube type heat exchanger was designed and constructed. The test facility monitored biofouling growth by measuring heat transfer resistance (thermal performance), pressure drop (hydraulic performance), and biomass deposit. Biocide effectiveness was determined by triplicates average residual biomass. Tests were run to evaluate 18 treatment scenarios. Preliminary tests were done to determine variabilities between shells and among tubes, effect of heating, very high dose chlorine burn out and regrowth behavior. LOGIT, a software package by the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) for sigmoidal fit, was used for the preliminary test data. The other three tests studied effect of chlorine dosage (low, high), contact time, and frequency. To minimize variability in results, triplicates for each chlorination scheme were used. The total amount of chlorine applied (flow rate Q x C x T x F) ranged from about 400 to 4,000 pounds per million gallons per day (an equivalent to a CTF range of 6 to 60 ppm.min/day). With respect to efficiency of biofouling control, it was found by regression analysis that among four variables C, T, (CT) and F, F was most significant and C, T, and (CT) were relatively equal in ranking.

Tewari, R.N.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

The method for determining the ball load and the grinding capacity of a ball-tube mill from the power consumed by its electric motor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The method for determining the ball load and the grinding capacity from the power consumed by the ball-tube mill under operating and emptying conditions is presented. The implementation of this method when gri...

L. V. Golyshev; I. S. Mysak

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Final Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Consolidation of Neutron Generator Tritium Target Loading Production  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Final Environmental Assessment Final Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Consolidation of Neutron Generator Tritium Target Loading Production DOE/EA-1532 June 2005 National Nuclear Security Administration Sandia Site Office P.O. Box 5400 Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-5400 Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Consolidation of Neutron Generator Tritium Target Loading Production i Final EA DOE/EA-1532 June 2005 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 PURPOSE AND NEED FOR AGENCY ACTION ........................................................................ 1 2.0 NO ACTION AND PROPOSED ACTION ALTERNATIVES...................................................... 2 2.1 No Action Alternative....................................................................................... 5

10

Performance Validation of Refrigeration Recovery for Experimental Hall High Target Loads  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Qweak experiment at Jefferson Lab (JLab) is a 3000 W hydrogen target scheduled to run until the planned shutdown in the spring of 2012 for the 12 GeV installation. As detailed in previous proceedings, support of this target's cryogenic load was made possible by incorporating modifications to the End Station Refrigerator (ESR) to recover the refrigeration supplied by the Central Helium Liquefier (CHL). Testing and commissioning for these modifications was performed in January and February 2010 demonstrating that the performance met or exceeded projected expectations. In this paper, we present the analysis of the test results in regards to the actual loads capable of being supported and the process boundaries encountered, as well as a discussion of the commissioning results for the cryogenic support of the Qweak target.

Errol Yuksek, Venkatarao, Ganni,Robert Norton, Peter Knudsen

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Target  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lifetime measurements in Lifetime measurements in inverse kinematics Coulex Target e.g. C Stopper e.g. Cu Beam X X * C Si-Det. Yale Plunger 120 Te at 300 MeV Plunger foils Si-Detector Compton-suppressed Clover detectors (8) 50% Coulomb- barrier )] ( exp[ 1 ) ( 0 d d d P - - - = λ Probability of emitting gamma-ray while in-flight: From data: ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( d I d I d P total shifted γ γ = where ) ( ) ( γ γ γ γ θ ε W E N I = Lifetime analysis For example: Valence proton symmetry Data from NNDC, WNSL ( 120 Te), NBI group ( 116 Te), Cologne ( 114 Te) B(E2)up [e 2 b 2 ] N A.A. Pasternak et al., EPJA 13, 435 (2002) O. Möller et al., PRC 71, 064324 (2005) Study deviations from (collective) expectations -> needs a fast and easy way to obtain data -> inverse RDDS well suited! Important in inverse kinematics: Deorientation F I J Large v/c => except for relativistic

12

Multiple tube premixing device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present application provides a premixer for a combustor. The premixer may include a fuel plenum with a number of fuel tubes and a burner tube with a number of air tubes. The fuel tubes extend about the air tubes.

Uhm, Jong Ho; Naidu, Balachandar; Ziminksy, Willy Steve; Kraemer, Gilbert Otto; Yilmaz, Ertan; Lacy, Benjamin; Stevenson, Christian; Felling, David

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

13

Multiple tube premixing device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present application provides a premixer for a combustor. The premixer may include a fuel plenum with a number of fuel tubes and a burner tube with a number of air tubes. The fuel tubes extend about the air tubes.

Uhm, Jong Ho; Varatharajan, Balachandar; Ziminsky, Willy Steve; Kraemer, Gilbert Otto; Yilmaz, Ertan; Lacy, Benjamin; Stevenson, Christian; Felling, David

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

14

Downhole pulse tube refrigerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes a preliminary design study to explore the plausibility of using pulse tube refrigeration to cool instruments in a hot down-hole environment. The original motivation was to maintain Dave Reagor`s high-temperature superconducting electronics at 75 K, but the study has evolved to include three target design criteria: cooling at 30 C in a 300 C environment, cooling at 75 K in a 50 C environment, cooling at both 75 K and 30 C in a 250 C environment. These specific temperatures were chosen arbitrarily, as representative of what is possible. The primary goals are low cost, reliability, and small package diameter. Pulse-tube refrigeration is a rapidly growing sub-field of cryogenic refrigeration. The pulse tube refrigerator has recently become the simplest, cheapest, most rugged and reliable low-power cryocooler. The authors expect this technology will be applicable downhole because of the ratio of hot to cold temperatures (in absolute units, such as Kelvin) of interest in deep drilling is comparable to the ratios routinely achieved with cryogenic pulse-tube refrigerators.

Swift, G.; Gardner, D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Condensed Matter and Thermal Physics Group

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Scalable Load Distribution and Load Balancing for Dynamic Parallel Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

shown that the algorithm scales according to the definition of scalability given following. LoadScalable Load Distribution and Load Balancing for Dynamic Parallel Programs E. Berger and J. C of an integrated load distribution-load balancing algorithm which was targeted to be both efficient and scalable

Berger, Emery

16

Tube furnace  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A vermiculite insulated tube furnace is heated by a helically-wound resistance wire positioned within a helical groove on the surface of a ceramic cylinder, that in turn is surroundingly disposed about a doubly slotted stainless steel cylindrical liner. For uniform heating, the pitch of the helix is of shorter length over the two end portions of the ceramic cylinder. The furnace is of large volume, provides uniform temperature, offers an extremely precise programmed heating capability, features very rapid cool-down, and has a modest electrical power requirement.

Foster, Kenneth G. (Livermore, CA); Frohwein, Eugene J. (San Ramon, CA); Taylor, Robert W. (Livermore, CA); Bowen, David W. (Livermore, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

1. A vertical post 2.5-meters high must support a lateral load P = 12 kN at its upper end. Two plans are proposed -a solid wood post and a hollow aluminum tube. (a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plans are proposed -a solid wood post and a hollow aluminum tube. (a) What is the minimum required is the minimum diameter d2of the aluminum tube if its wall thickness is to be one-eight of the outer diameter and the allowable bending stress in the aluminum is 50Mpa ? (20 points) 2. The composite beam shown in figure below

Huang, Haimei

18

Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2010 Wellbore Coil Tubing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PENNSTATE Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2010 Wellbore Coil Tubing Overview In BP reaching the bottom of the wellbore utilizing a pre- loaded constant force spring. The coiled tubing's North American Gas Division, there are approximately 800 wellbores with coiled tubing installed

Demirel, Melik C.

19

Tapered pulse tube for pulse tube refrigerators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Thermal insulation of the pulse tube in a pulse-tube refrigerator is maintained by optimally varying the radius of the pulse tube to suppress convective heat loss from mass flux streaming in the pulse tube. A simple cone with an optimum taper angle will often provide sufficient improvement. Alternatively, the pulse tube radius r as a function of axial position x can be shaped with r(x) such that streaming is optimally suppressed at each x.

Swift, Gregory W. (Sante Fe, NM); Olson, Jeffrey R. (San Mateo, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Tube-in-tube thermophotovoltaic generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermophotovoltaic device includes at least one thermal radiator tube, a cooling tube concentrically disposed within each thermal radiator tube and an array of thermophotovoltaic cells disposed on the exterior surface of the cooling tube. A shell having a first end and a second end surrounds the thermal radiator tube. Inner and outer tubesheets, each having an aperture corresponding to each cooling tube, are located at each end of the shell. The thermal radiator tube extends within the shell between the inner tubesheets. The cooling tube extends within the shell through the corresponding apertures of the two inner tubesheets to the corresponding apertures of the two outer tubesheets. A plurality of the thermal radiator tubes can be arranged in a staggered or an in-line configuration within the shell.

Ashcroft, John (Scotia, NY); Campbell, Brian (Scotia, NY); DePoy, David (Clifton Park, NY)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Sequence Design for a Test Tube of Interacting Nucleic Acid Strands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sequence Design for a Test Tube of Interacting Nucleic Acid Strands ... We describe an algorithm for designing the equilibrium base-pairing properties of a test tube of interacting nucleic acid strands. ... A target test tube is specified as a set of desired “on-target” complexes, each with a target secondary structure and target concentration, and a set of undesired “off-target” complexes, each with vanishing target concentration. ...

Brian R. Wolfe; Niles A. Pierce

2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

22

Microhole Tubing Bending Report  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

A downhole tubing bending study was made and is reported herein. IT contains a report and 2 excel spreadsheets to calculate tubing bending and to estimate contact points of the tubing to the drilled hole wall (creating a new support point).

Oglesby, Ken

23

Frictional forces in helical buckling of tubing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previous analyses of helical buckling of tubing have not considered frictional forces. This paper describes the modifications to helical buckling theory necessary to include friction. The first need is a relationship between the buckling force and the casing to tubing contact force. This contact force is determined through use of the principle of virtual work. The next need is the relationship between the friction forces, the buckling force, and the geometry of the tubing helix. Differential equations are derived and solved for two cases of interest: buckling during the landing of the tubing and thermal and differential pressure loading subsequent to landing. Several example problems are examined to evaluate the relative importance of friction.

Mitchell, R.F.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Paclitaxel-Loaded PEG-PE–Based Micellar Nanopreparations Targeted with Tumor-Specific Landscape Phage Fusion Protein Enhance Apoptosis and Efficiently Reduce Tumors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...chemotherapy in cancer treatment include insufficient...for breast cancer treatment, paclitaxel is...agents used for the treatment of metastatic breast...micellar targeting of water-insoluble drugs...vortexing and overnight dialysis against PBS (pH...by transmission electronic microscopy (TEM...

Tao Wang; Shenghong Yang; Leslie A. Mei; Chirag K. Parmar; James W. Gillespie; Kulkarni P. Praveen; Valery A. Petrenko; and Vladimir P. Torchilin

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Gated SIT vidicon streak tube  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A recently developed prototype streak tube designed to produce high gain and resolution by incorporating the streak and readout functions in one envelope thereby minimizing photon-to-change transformations and eliminating external coupling losses is presented. The tube is based upon a grid-gated Silicon-Intensified-Target Vidicon (SITV) with integral Focus Projection Scan (FPS) TV readout. Demagnifying electron optics (m=0.63) in the image section map the 40-mm-diameter photocathode image unto a 25-mm-diameter silicon target where gains greater than or equal to10/sup 3/ are achieved with only 10 KV accelerating voltage. This is compared with much lower gains (approx.50) at much higher voltages (approx.30 KV) reported for streak tubes using phosphor screens. Because SIT technology is well established means for electron imaging in vacuum, such fundamental problems as ''backside thinning'' required for electron imaging unto CCDs do not exist. The high spatial resolution (approx.30 lp/mm), variable scan formats, and high speed electrostatic deflection (250 mm/sup 2/ areas are routinely rastered with 256 scan lines in 1.6 ms) available from FPS readout add versatility not available in CCD devices. Theoretical gain and spatial resolution for this design (developed jointly by Los Alamos National Laboratory and General Electric Co.) are compared with similar calculations and measured data obtained for RCA 73435 streaks fiber optically coupled to (1) 25-mm-diameter SIT FPS vidicons and (2) 40-mm-diameter MCPTs (proximity-focused microchannel plate image intensifier tubes) fiber optically coupled to 18-mm-diameter Sb/sub 2/S/sub 3/ FPS vidicons. Sweep sensitivity, shutter ratio, and record lengths for nanosecond duration (20 to 200 ns) streak applications are discussed.

Dunbar, D.L.; Yates, G.J.; Black, J.P.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Conduction cooled tube supports  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In boilers, process tubes are suspended by means of support studs that are in thermal contact with and attached to the metal roof casing of the boiler and the upper bend portions of the process tubes. The support studs are sufficiently short that when the boiler is in use, the support studs are cooled by conduction of heat to the process tubes and the roof casing thereby maintaining the temperature of the stud so that it does not exceed 1400.degree. F.

Worley, Arthur C. (Mt. Tabor, NJ); Becht, IV, Charles (Morristown, NJ)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Wound tube heat exchanger  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

What is disclosed is a wound tube heat exchanger in which a plurality of tubes having flattened areas are held contiguous adjacent flattened areas of tubes by a plurality of windings to give a double walled heat exchanger. The plurality of windings serve as a plurality of effective force vectors holding the conduits contiguous heat conducting walls of another conduit and result in highly efficient heat transfer. The resulting heat exchange bundle is economical and can be coiled into the desired shape. Also disclosed are specific embodiments such as the one in which the tubes are expanded against their windings after being coiled to insure highly efficient heat transfer.

Ecker, Amir L. (Duncanville, TX)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Coiled Tubing Safety Manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document addresses safety concerns regarding the use of coiled tubing as it pertains to the preservation of personnel, environment and the wellbore.

Crow, W.

1999-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

29

Power Tube Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Tube Inc Power Tube Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Power Tube Inc Place Houston, Texas Zip 77060 Sector Geothermal energy Product Texan geothermal systems developer. Has developed a new range of geothermal heat exchangers from biodegradable materials. Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

30

Plug Load  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential Commercial Commercial Industrial Lighting Energy Smart Grocer Program HVAC Program Shell Measures Commercial Kitchen & Food Service Equipment Plug Load New...

31

Boiler Stack Economizer Tube Failure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A metallurgical evaluation was performed to investigate the failure of a type 304 stainless steel tube from a boiler stack economizer. The tube had three distinct degradation mechanisms...

Ryan J. Haase; Larry D. Hanke

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

High voltage load resistor array  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high voltage resistor comprising an array of a plurality of parallel electrically connected resistor elements each containing a resistive solution, attached at each end thereof to an end plate, and about the circumference of each of the end plates, a corona reduction ring. Each of the resistor elements comprises an insulating tube having an electrode inserted into each end thereof and held in position by one or more hose clamps about the outer periphery of the insulating tube. According to a preferred embodiment, the electrode is fabricated from stainless steel and has a mushroom shape at one end, that inserted into the tube, and a flat end for engagement with the end plates that provides connection of the resistor array and with a load.

Lehmann, Monty Ray (Smithfield, VA)

2005-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

33

Photomultiplier Tube Testing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Photomultiplier Tube Testing for the MiniBooNE Experiment B. T. Fleming, L. Bugel, E. Hawker, S. Koutsoliotas, S. McKenney, V. Sandberg, and D. Smith for the MiniBooNE...

34

E-Print Network 3.0 - axial loads Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Steel Research 63 (2007) 165174 www.elsevier.comlocatejcsr Summary: -compacting concrete; Concrete-filled steel tube; Axial load behavior; Ultimate capacity; Confinement...

35

Flameless tube sealing apparatus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A flameless sealer for glass and polymeric tubes uses a circular filament as a heating element and can be used for sealing relatively large diameter tubes while they are within a glovebox or other protected enclosure. The electrically conductive rods extending from a non-conductive base which defines an aperture for mounting the apparatus to a lattice rod of a glove box. A remotely located power supply provides electrical power to the filament. 2 figs.

McFarlan, J.T.; Zwick, B.D.; Avens, L.R.

1991-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

36

Texture control of zircaloy tubing during tube reduction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Seven batches of Zircaloy-2 nuclear fuel cladding tubes with different textures were processed from tube shells of the same size, by different reduction routes, using pilger and 3-roll mills. Based on the texture data of these tubes, the texture control of Zircaloy tubing, the texture gradient across the wall, and the texture change during annealing were studied. The deformation texture of Zicaloy-2 tubing was dependent on the tool's curvature and was independent of the dimensions of the mother tubes. The different slopes of texture gradients were observed between the tubing of higher strain ration and that of lower strain ratio.

Nagai, N.; Kakuma, T.; Fujita, K.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Design and Operation of a 4kW Linear Motor Driven Pulse Tube Cryocooler  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 4 kW electrical input Linear Motor driven pulse tube cryocooler has successfully been designed built and tested. The optimum operation frequency is 60 Hz with a design refrigeration of >200 W at 80 K. The design exercise involved modeling and optimization in DeltaE software. Load matching between the cold head and linear motor was achieved by careful sizing of the transfer tube. The cryocooler makes use of a dual orifice inertance network and a single compliance tank for phase optimization and streaming suppression in the pulse tube. The in?line cold head design is modular in structure for convenient change?out and re?assembly of various components. The Regenerator consists of layers of two different grades of wire?mesh. The Linear motor is a clearance seal dual opposed piston design from CFIC Inc. Initial results have demonstrated the refrigeration target of 200 W by liquefying Nitrogen from an ambient temperature and pressure. Overall Carnot efficiencies of 13% have been achieved and efforts to further improve efficiencies are underway. Linear motor efficiencies up to 84% have been observed.

J. H. Zia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Load Control  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Visualization and Controls Peer Review Visualization and Controls Peer Review Load Control for System Reliability and Measurement-Based Stability Assessment Dan Trudnowski, PhD, PE Montana Tech Butte, MT 59701 dtrudnowski@mtech.edu 406-496-4681 October 2006 2 Presentation Outline * Introduction - Goals, Enabling technologies, Overview * Load Control - Activities, Status * Stability Assessment - Activities, Status * Wrap up - Related activities, Staff 3 Goals * Research and develop technologies to improve T&D reliability * Technologies - Real-time load control methodologies - Measurement-based stability-assessment 4 Enabling Technologies * Load control enabled by GridWise technology (e.g. PNNL's GridFriendly appliance) * Real-time stability assessment enabled by Phasor Measurement (PMU) technology 5 Project Overview * Time line: April 18, 2006 thru April 17, 2008

39

Simple frictional analysis of helical buckling of tubing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previous analyses of helical buckling of tubing have not considered frictional forces. In this paper, differential equations are derived and solved for two simplified cases of interest: downward motion of the tubing-e.g., when buckling occurs during the landing of the tubing-and upward motion of the tubing-e.g., when buckling occurs as a result of thermal and differential pressure loading subsequent to landing. While somewhat more complicated than the conventional frictionless buckling equations, these solutions are still suitable for hand calculations. These solutions, however, do not represent general solutions to buckling with friction. Load reversals and lateral frictional forces add complications that would require computer analysis. Several examples are examined to evaluate the relative importance of friction, which has a significant impact on tubing length change for loaded cases. For instance, the choice of a conservative value for the friction coefficient may allow the solution of a difficult seal-design problem by reducing a large predicted length change. Friction also has an important effect on set-down loads. Frictionless buckling calculations do not give conservative results for this problem.

Mitchell, R.F.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Target Options for a Neutrino Factory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

shield WC 6. Target station engineering Target integration Remote maintenance Shielding 7. Beam dump 7a possible/preferable? · Can the beam size be increased (from 1.2 mm (rms) baseline)? #12;Heat loads ­ Heating and material damage Issues ­ Heat load from 4 MW pulsed proton beam · Total Heat load

McDonald, Kirk

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Fluorescent Tube Lamps  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FEMP temporarily suspended its energy efficiency requirements for fluorescent tube lamps as it evaluates the market impact of the pending 2012 minimum efficiency standards for fluorescent lamps. The program will issue updated energy efficiency requirements when the market distribution of this product category stabilizes and when doing so has the potential to result in significant Federal energy savings.

42

Photomultiplier Tube Home  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Project Homepage Project Homepage Classroom Projects Homepage - Teacher Homepage - Student Homepage Abstract: Photons are created in scintillator devices in most modern particle detectors. These photons yield information about particle collisions that must be measured and decoded. This Website follows the track of a photon as it enters a photomultiplier tube (pmt), an amplifying device that increases the effect of a single photon to levels that are measurable. This signal amplification is crucial; without it, no information exists for decoding. The site presents information regarding the innards of a pmt and allows students to investigate predictive mathematical models describing the signal increase under different, adjustable parameters. Introduction to Research: Photomultipler tubes are omnipresent in particle physics. Understanding the

43

Joined concentric tubes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Tubular objects having two or more concentric layers that have different properties are joined to one another during their manufacture primarily by compressive and friction forces generated by shrinkage during sintering and possibly mechanical interlocking. It is not necessary for the concentric tubes to display adhesive-, chemical- or sinter-bonding to each other in order to achieve a strong bond. This facilitates joining of dissimilar materials, such as ceramics and metals.

DeJonghe, Lutgard; Jacobson, Craig; Tucker, Michael; Visco, Steven

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Load Management for Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the electric utility industry, load management provides the opportunity to control customer loads to beneficially alter a utility's load curve Load management alternatives are covered. Load management methods can be broadly classified into four...

Konsevick, W. J., Jr.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

High-voltage supply for backward-wave tube  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high-current high-voltage supply for a backward-wave tube is described that uses a generalppurpose semiconductor converter with pulse-width modulation and two-stage regulation. The load current is up to 250 mA for load voltages of from 0.5 to 4.5 kV. The voltage staiblity is less than or equal to 5 x 10/sup -6/. the root-mean-square output ripple is less than or equal to 2 x 10/sup -6// The supply is equipped with high-speed (5 usec) load-breakdown protection.

Bryvkhanov, A.N.; Kosarev, P.M.; Latushkin, S.T.; Yudin, L.I.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Shock Tube Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The driver section drives the shock-front because of high pressured driving fluid contained in it. It contains the diaphragm holders, and the mechanisms that control their rupture along with an end cap. The driven section is the portion of the tube where... and to withstand higher pressures. The driver sections named driver-1 and driver-2 are shown in Figure 1. 10 Figure 1. Section view of the driver section. The end cap on the rear driver section is made of thicker material than the side walls because...

Koppenberger, Peter K.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

47

Load Data and Load Vector Assembly  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data for loading cases in solid mechanics problems is described. The following external loading factors can be specified: concentrated nodal forces, distributed surface forces, and thermal loading. JavaTM class F...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Ion plated electronic tube device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electronic tube and associated circuitry which is produced by ion plating techniques. The process is carried out in an automated process whereby both active and passive devices are produced at very low cost. The circuitry is extremely reliable and is capable of functioning in both high radiation and high temperature environments. The size of the electronic tubes produced are more than an order of magnitude smaller than conventional electronic tubes.

Meek, T.T.

1983-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

49

Load Forecast For use in Resource Adequacy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

p g Monthly employment data for 1995-2012 from Bureau of Labor Statistics. H l Di S i I d l d d f Loads 1995-2012 employment 7) Estimate 84 sets of Daily Temperature Sensitive Loads Using 1928 regional employment 8) Adjust for Embedded and Target Conservation amounts Factor s for each day #12;Input

50

16 Load Data Cleansing and Bus Load  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

375 16 Load Data Cleansing and Bus Load Coincidence Factors* Wenyuan Li, Ke Wang, and Wijarn Wangdee 16.1 INTRODUCTION Load curve data refer to power consumptions recorded by meters at certain time intervals at buses of individual substations. Load curve data are one of the most important datasets

Wang, Ke

51

SHORT-TUBE SUBCRITICAL FLOW Enerag Division  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;SHORT-TUBE SUBCRITICAL FLOW Y. C. Mei Enerag Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge-tube subcritical flow. For short tubes used as refrigerant expansion devices, the orifice model is found inadequate-TUBE SUBCRITICAL FLOW INTRODUCTION Much theoretical and experimental work regarding short tube fluid flow has

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

52

2014 Tube -1 STANDING WAVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2014 Tube - 1 STANDING WAVES IN AN AIR COLUMN The objective of the experiment is: · To study the harmonic structure of standing waves in an air column. APPARATUS: Computer, FFTScope software, PC speaker, meterstick, sound tube apparatus, thermometer, microphone INTRODUCTION traveling wave of sinusoidal shape

Glashausser, Charles

53

Helical tubes in crowded environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When placed in a crowded environment, a semiflexible tube is forced to fold so as to make a more compact shape. One compact shape that often arises in nature is the tight helix, especially when the tube thickness is of comparable size to the tube length. In this paper we use an excluded volume effect to model the effects of crowding. This gives us a measure of compactness for configurations of the tube, which we use to look at structures of the semiflexible tube that minimize the excluded volume. We focus most of our attention on the helix and which helical geometries are most compact. We found helices of specific pitch to radius ratio 2.512 to be optimally compact. This is the same geometry that minimizes the global curvature of the curve defining the tube. We further investigate the effects of adding a bending energy or multiple tubes to begin to explore the more complete space of possible geometries a tube could form.

Yehuda Snir and Randall D. Kamien

2007-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

54

Tubing pressurized firing apparatus for a tubing conveyed perforating gun  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A tubing pressurized firing apparatus is shown for use with a tubing conveyed perforating gun of the type used to perforate a cased well bore. The firing apparatus has a tubular body with an upper end for connection in the well tubing string and with a lower end for connection to a well perforating gun. An inner mandrel is slidably mounted within the tubular body and has a ball seat formed in the interior bore thereof for receiving a ball dropped through the well tubing string. The ball and ball seat together form a pressure tight seal whereby tubing pressure in the well tubing string acts on the inner mandrel to slide the mandrel downwardly within the tubular body. A cocking mechanism located below the inner mandrel within the body includes a lockout member which is initially positioned between a detonating pin and a percussion detonator. The cocking mechanism is actuated by downward sliding movement of the inner mandrel to move the lockout member from between the detonating pin and percussion detonator whereby a subsequent release of tubing pressure and upward sliding movement of the inner mandrel exposes the detonating pin to the percussion detonator to actuate the detonator and fire the perforating gun.

Davies, D. L.

1985-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

55

Divertor target for magnetic containment device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a plasma containment device of a type having superconducting field coils for magnetically shaping the plasma into approximately the form of a torus, an improved divertor target for removing impurities from a "scrape off" region of the plasma comprises an array of water cooled swirl tubes onto which the scrape off flux is impinged. Impurities reflected from the divertor target are removed from the target region by a conventional vacuum getter system. The swirl tubes are oriented and spaced apart within the divertor region relative to the incident angle of the scrape off flux to cause only one side of each tube to be exposed to the flux to increase the burnout rating of the target. The divertor target plane is oriented relative to the plane of the path of the scrape off flux such that the maximum heat flux onto a swirl tube is less than the tube design flux. The containment device is used to contain the plasma of a tokamak fusion reactor and is applicable to other long pulse plasma containment systems.

Luzzi, Jr., Theodore E. (Garden City, NY)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Target | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Target Target Jump to: navigation, search Name Target Address 1000 Nicollet Mall Place Minneapolis, MN Zip 55440 Website http://www.target.com Coordinates 44.9739366°, -93.2750493° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.9739366,"lon":-93.2750493,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

57

Combustion-thermoelectric tube  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In direct combustion-thermoelectric energy conversion, direct fuel injection and reciprocation of the air flowing in a solid matrix are combined with the solid conduction to allow for obtaining super-adiabatic temperatures at the hot junctions. While the solid conductivity is necessary, the relatively large thermal conductivity of the available high-temperature thermoelectric materials (e.g., Si-Ge alloys) results in a large conduction loss from the hot junctions and deteriorates the performance. Here a combustion-thermoelectric tube is introduced and analyzed. Radially averaged temperatures are used for the fluid and solid phases. A combination of external cooling of the cold junctions, and direct injection of the fuel, has been used to increase the energy conversion efficiency for low thermal conductivity, high-melting temperature thermoelectric materials. The parametric study (geometry, flow, stoichiometry, materials) shows that with the current high figure of merit, high temperature Si{sub 0.7}Ge{sub 0.3} properties, a conversion efficiency of about 11% is achievable. With lower thermal conductivities for these high-temperature materials, efficiencies about 25% appear possible. This places this energy conversion in line with the other high efficiency, direct electric power generation methods.

Park, C.W.; Kaviany, M.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Method of making straight fuel cell tubes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and an apparatus for making straight fuel cell tubes are disclosed. Extruded tubes comprising powders of fuel cell material and a solvent are dried by rotating the extruded tubes. The rotation process provides uniform circumferential drying which results in uniform linear shrinkage of the tubes. The resultant dried tubes are very straight, thereby eliminating subsequent straightening steps required with conventional processes. The method is particularly useful for forming inner air electrode tubes of solid oxide fuel cells.

Borglum, Brian P. (Edgewood, PA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Tube-wave seismic imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The detailed analysis of cross well seismic data for a gas reservoir in Texas revealed two newly detected seismic wave effects, recorded approximately 2000 feet above the reservoir. A tube-wave (150) is initiated in a source well (110) by a source (111), travels in the source well (110), is coupled to a geological feature (140), propagates (151) through the geological feature (140), is coupled back to a tube-wave (152) at a receiver well (120), and is and received by receiver(s) (121) in either the same (110) or a different receiving well (120). The tube-wave has been shown to be extremely sensitive to changes in reservoir characteristics. Tube-waves appear to couple most effectively to reservoirs where the well casing is perforated, allowing direct fluid contact from the interior of a well case to the reservoir.

Korneev, Valeri A [LaFayette, CA

2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

60

Tube-wave seismic imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The detailed analysis of cross well seismic data for a gas reservoir in Texas revealed two newly detected seismic wave effects, recorded approximately 2000 feet above the reservoir. A tube-wave (150) is initiated in a source well (110) by a source (111), travels in the source well (110), is coupled to a geological feature (140), propagates (151) through the geological feature (140), is coupled back to a tube-wave (152) at a receiver well (120), and is and received by receiver(s) (121) in either the same (110) or a different receiving well (120). The tube-wave has been shown to be extremely sensitive to changes in reservoir characteristics. Tube-waves appear to couple most effectively to reservoirs where the well casing is perforated, allowing direct fluid contact from the interior of a well case to the reservoir.

Korneev, Valeri A. (Lafayette, CA); Bakulin, Andrey (Houston, TX)

2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Cross-Roll Flow Forming of ODS Alloy Heat Exchanger Tubes for Hoop Creep Enhancement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mechanically alloyed oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) Fe-Cr-Al alloy thin walled tubes and sheets, produced via powder processing and consolidation methodologies, are promising materials for eventual use at temperatures up to 1200 C in the power generation industry, far above the temperature capabilities of conventional alloys. Target end-uses range from gas turbine combustor liners to high aspect ratio (L/D) heat exchanger tubes. Grain boundary creep processes at service temperatures, particularly those acting in the hoop direction, are the dominant failure mechanisms for such components. The processed microstructure of ODS alloys consists of high aspect ratio grains aligned parallel to the tube axis, a result of dominant axial metal flow which aligns the dispersoid particles and other impurities in the longitudinal direction. The dispersion distribution is unaltered on a micro scale by recrystallization thermal treatments, but the high aspect ratio grain shape typically obtained limits transverse grain spacing and consequently the hoop creep response. Improving hoop creep in ODS-alloy components will require understanding and manipulating the factors that control the recrystallization behavior, and represents a critical materials design and development challenge that must be overcome in order to fully exploit the potential of ODS alloys. The objectives of this program are to (1) increase creep-strength at temperature in ODS-alloy tube and liner components by 100% via, (2) preferential cross-roll flow forming and grain/particle fibering in the critical hoop direction. The research program outlined here is iterative in nature and is intended to systematically (1) examine and identify post-extrusion forming methodologies to create hoop strengthened tubes, which will be (2) evaluated at ''in-service'' loads at service temperatures and environments. This research program is being conducted in collaboration with the DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the vested industrial partner Special Metals Corporation. In this ninth quarter of performance, program activities are continued for Tasks 2, 3 and 4 and are reported herein. Two sets of MA956 tube material samples rotary crossrolled at rolling angles of {beta} = 2{sup o} and 8{sup o} are processed in Task 3 and available for mechanical property testing in the remainder of this project. These samples are at various stages of creep testing and evaluation in Task 4. The creep rigs are being upgraded to handle long term testing at 1000 C and above. Reduced test times at accelerated temperatures will allow for additional testes to be conducted resulting in overall robust creep data statistics. The creep performance enhancement in cross-rolled MA956 material samples versus the base creep property is elucidated. Additional creep enhancements are derived when flow formed tubes are flattened at 900 C and recrystallized. The Larsen-Miller parameter for the improvised thermo-mechanical processing now approaches 52. At least 2-3 orders of magnitude of improvement in creep rates/day are demonstrated for the cross-rolled samples versus the base reference tests.

Bimal K. Kad

2006-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

62

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminium 26 target Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

target, a large D2O moderator and a solid... a spallation target made of lead- filled zircaloy tubes 1,2. The proton beam is pulsed by deflecting the beam... identical beam...

63

Enhanced tubes for steam condensers. Volume 1, Summary of condensation and fouling; Volume 2, Detailed study of steam condensation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric utility steam condensers typically use plain tubes made of titanium, stainless steel, or copper alloys. Approximately two-thirds of the total thermal resistance is on the water side of the plain tube. This program seeks to conceive and develop a tube geometry that has special enhancement geometries on the tube (water) side and the steam (shell) side. This ``enhanced`` tube geometry, will provide increased heat transfer coefficients. The enhanced tubes will allow the steam to condense at a lower temperature. The reduced condensing temperature will reduce the turbine heat rate, and increase the plant peak load capability. Water side fouling and fouling control is a very important consideration affecting the choice of the tube side enhancement. Hence, we have consciously considered fouling potential in our selection of the tube side surface geometry. Using appropriate correlations and theoretical models, we have designed condensation and water side surface geometries that will provide high performance and be cleanable using sponge ball cleaning. Commercial tube manufacturers have made the required tube geometries for test purposes. The heat transfer test program includes measurement of the condensation and water side heat transfer coefficients. Fouling tests are being run to measure the waterside fouling resistance, and to the test the ability of the sponge ball cleaning system to clean the tubes.

Webb, R.L.; Chamra, L.; Jaber, H.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Core-tube data logger  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wireline core drilling, increasingly used for geothermal exploration, employs a core-tube to capture a rock core sample during drilling. Three types of core-tube data loggers (CTDL) have been built and tested to date by Sandia national Laboratories. They are: (1) temperature-only logger, (2) temperature/inclinometer logger and (3) heat-shielded temperature/inclinometer logger. All were tested during core drilling operations using standard wireline diamond core drilling equipment. While these tools are designed for core-tube deployment, the tool lends itself to be adapted to other drilling modes and equipment. Topics covered in this paper include: (1) description on how the CTDLs are implemented, (2) the components of the system, (3) the type of data one can expect from this type of tool, (4) lessons learned, (5) comparison to its counterpart and (6) future work.

Henfling, J.A.; Normann, R.A.; Knudsen, S.; Drumheller, D.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Economizer recirculation for low-load stability in heat recovery steam generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An economizer system is described for heating feedwater in a heat recovery steam generator which consists of: at least first and second economizer tube planes; each of the economizer tube planes including a plurality of generally parallel tubes; the tubes being generally vertically disposed; each of the economizer tube planes including a top header and a bottom header; all of the plurality of tubes in each economizer tube plane being connected in parallel to their top and bottom headers whereby parallel feedwater flow through the plurality of tubes between the top and bottom headers is enabled; one of the top and bottom headers being an inlet header; a second of the top and bottom headers being an outlet header; a boiler feed pump; the boiler feed pump being effective for applying a flow of feedwater to the inlet header; means for serially interconnecting the economizer tube planes; the means for serially interconnecting including means for flowing the feedwater upward and downward in tubes of alternating ones of the economizer tube planes between the inlet header and the outlet header; means for conveying heated feedwater from the outlet header to a using process; means for recirculating at least a portion of the heated feedwater from the outlet header to an inlet of the boiler feed pump; and the means for recirculating including means for relating the portion to a steam load in the using process whereby an increased flow is produced through all of the economizer tube planes at values of the steam load below a predetermined value and a condition permitting initiation of reverse flow in any of the tubes is substantially reduced.

Cuscino, R.T.; Shade, R.L. Jr.

1986-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Apparatus for connecting aligned abutted tubes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for connecting abutted tubes and for maintaining their rotary alignment during connection. The apparatus comprises first and second tubes, a rotation prevention element, a collar and a retainer. Each tube has inside and outside walls, and first and second ends, each end having an inside and outside edge. The first tube has portions defining a first plurality of cavities located at the outside edge of its first end. An external threaded portion is on the outside wall of the first tube and next to the first plurality of cavities. The second tube has portions defining a second plurality of cavities located at the outside edge of its first end. The first plurality has a different number than the second plurality. The first ends of the first and second tubes have substantially the same outside diameter and are abutted during connection so that an orifice is formed whenever first and second tube cavities substantially overlap. A rotation prevension element is placed in the orifice to prevent rotation of the first and second tubes. A collar with an internal threaded portion is slidably disposed about the second tube. The internal threaded portion engages the external threaded portion of the first tube to connect the tubes. A lip connected to the collar prevents separation of the collar from the second tube.

Williams, R.E.

1984-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

67

Load sensing system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A load sensing system inexpensively monitors the weight and temperature of stored nuclear material for long periods of time in widely variable environments. The system can include an electrostatic load cell that encodes weight and temperature into a digital signal which is sent to a remote monitor via a coaxial cable. The same cable is used to supply the load cell with power. When multiple load cells are used, vast

Sohns, Carl W. (Oak Ridge, TN); Nodine, Robert N. (Knoxville, TN); Wallace, Steven Allen (Knoxville, TN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Performance of drift tubes under high radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, the aging and the rejuvenation of an ATLAS proportional drift tube are described. Firstly, the Diethorn model of gain is tested using pressure and sense-wire voltage measurements. The drift tube was then ...

Shi, Yue, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Fracture compliance estimation using borehole tube waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We tested two models, one for tube-wave generation and the other for tube-wave attenuation at a fracture intersecting a borehole that can be used to estimate fracture compliance, fracture aperture, and lateral extent. In ...

Bakku, Sudhish Kumar

70

Two phase flow in capillary tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The flow of two phases, gas and liquid, has been studied in horizontal tubes of capillary diameter. The flow has been primarily studied in the regime where the gas flows as long bubbles separated from the wall of the tube ...

Suo, Mikio

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Loading margin Stable operating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Linear approximation at p1 Actual loading margin Loadingmargin Parameter p p1 p2 p3 IEEE Transactions collapse. Linear and quadratic estimates to the variation of the loading margin with respect to any sys power support, wheeling, load model param- eters, line susceptance, and generator dispatch. The accuracy

72

Stability of tube rows in crossflow. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A mathematical model for the instability of tube rows subjected to crossflow is examined. The theoretical model, based on the fluid-force data for a pitch-to-diameter ratio of 1.33, provides additional insight into the instability phenomenon. Tests are also conducted for three sets of tube rows. The effects of mass ratio, tube pitch, damping, detuning and finned tubes are investigated. Theoretical results and experimental data are in good agreement.

Chen, S.S.; Jendrzejczyk, J.A.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR TUBE "B3-DryOx" furnace in TRL.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

profile in the Center Zone; they are arranged in a master/slave configuration and the temperature profile start. The wafers should have been RCA cleaned in TRL , less than 4 hours before you start the run and your process must be approved by PTC. 2) Load the wafers into the tube: - place the wafers

Reif, Rafael

74

Spring/dimple instrument tube restraint  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nuclear fuel assembly for a pressurized water nuclear reactor has a spring and dimple structure formed in a non-radioactive insert tube placed in the top of a sensor receiving instrumentation tube thimble disposed in the fuel assembly and attached at a top nozzle, a bottom nozzle, and intermediate grids. The instrumentation tube thimble is open at the top, where the sensor or its connection extends through the cooling water for coupling to a sensor signal processor. The spring and dimple insert tube is mounted within the instrumentation tube thimble and extends downwardly adjacent the top. The springs and dimples restrain the sensor and its connections against lateral displacement causing impact with the instrumentation tube thimble due to the strong axial flow of cooling water. The instrumentation tube has a stainless steel outer sleeve and a zirconium alloy inner sleeve below the insert tube adjacent the top. The insert tube is relatively non-radioactivated inconel alloy. The opposed springs and dimples are formed on diametrically opposite inner walls of the insert tube, the springs being formed as spaced axial cuts in the insert tube, with a web of the insert tube between the cuts bowed radially inwardly for forming the spring, and the dimples being formed as radially inward protrusions opposed to the springs. 7 figures.

DeMario, E.E.; Lawson, C.N.

1993-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

75

Improving Efficiency of Tube Drawing Bench  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Greenville Tube Company, a manufacturer of high-precision, small-diameter stainless steel tubing, conducted an in-house system performance optimization project to improve the efficiency of its No. 6 tube drawing bench. This four-page case study summarizes their experience.

76

Liquefaction through expander for base load LNG  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New natural gas liquefaction process using turbo expander has been developed to improve process thermal efficiency. The new process consists of precooling section which uses refrigerant with shell and tube heat exchangers or brazed aluminum plate-fin exchangers or spool wound heat exchanger and liquefaction section by iso-entropic expander. As a result of design study, thermal efficiency of the new liquefaction process has been confirmed to be in the highest level compared with other liquefaction processes. Also, since the new liquefaction process is constructed with commonly available equipment in industry, it can be readily adapted to base load LNG plants of any capacity without requiring expensive and specially designed equipment.

Nakamura, Moritaka; Kikkawa, Yoshitsugi [Chiyoda Corp., Yokohama (Japan)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

77

High-voltage supply for neutron tubes in well-logging applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high voltage supply is provided for a neutron tube used in well logging. The biased pulse supply of the invention combines DC and full pulse techniques and produces a target voltage comprising a substantial negative DC bias component on which is superimposed a pulse whose negative peak provides the desired negative voltage level for the neutron tube. The target voltage is preferably generated using voltage doubling techniques and employing a voltage source which generates bipolar pulse pairs having an amplitude corresponding to the DC bias level.

Humphreys, D.R.

1982-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

78

Ionization tube simmer current circuit  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A highly efficient flash lamp simmer current circuit utilizes a fifty percent duty cycle square wave pulse generator to pass a current over a current limiting inductor to a full wave rectifier. The DC output of the rectifier is then passed over a voltage smoothing capacitor through a reverse current blocking diode to a flash lamp tube to sustain ionization in the tube between discharges via a small simmer current. An alternate embodiment of the circuit combines the pulse generator and inductor in the form of an FET off line square wave generator with an impedance limited step up output transformer which is then applied to the full wave rectifier as before to yield a similar simmer current.

Steinkraus, Jr., Robert F. (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Ionization tube simmer current circuit  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A highly efficient flash lamp simmer current circuit utilizes a fifty percent duty cycle square wave pulse generator to pass a current over a current limiting inductor to a full wave rectifier. The DC output of the rectifier is then passed over a voltage smoothing capacitor through a reverse current blocking diode to a flash lamp tube to sustain ionization in the tube between discharges via a small simmer current. An alternate embodiment of the circuit combines the pulse generator and inductor in the form of an FET off line square wave generator with an impedance limited step up output transformer which is then applied to the full wave rectifier as before to yield a similar simmer current. 6 figures.

Steinkraus, R.F. Jr.

1994-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

80

Cold cathode vacuum discharge tube  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cold cathode vacuum discharge tube, and method for making same, with an interior surface of the trigger probe coated with carbon deposited by carbon vapor deposition (CVD) or diamond-like carbon (DLC) deposition. Preferably a solid graphite insert is employed in the probe-cathode structure in place of an aluminum bushing employed in the prior art. The CVD or DLC probe face is laser scribed to allow resistance trimming to match available trigger voltage signals and to reduce electrical aging.

Boettcher, Gordon E. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

A High Density Polarized Hydrogen Gas Target for Storage Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A High Density Polarized Hydrogen Gas Target for Storage Rings K. Zapfe \\Lambday , B. Braun z , H of gaseous polarized hydrogen was formed by injecting polarized H atoms (produced by Stern­Gerlach spin separation) into a storage cell consisting of a cylindrical tube open at both ends. The target was placed

82

Turbine nozzle stage having thermocouple guide tube  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A guide tube is fixed adjacent opposite ends in outer and inner covers of a nozzle stage segment. The guide tube is serpentine in shape between the outer and inner covers and extends through a nozzle vane. An insert is disposed in the nozzle vane and has apertures to accommodate serpentine portions of the guide tube. Cooling steam is also supplied through chambers of the insert on opposite sides of a central insert chamber containing the guide tube. The opposite ends of the guide tube are fixed to sleeves, in turn fixed to the outer and inner covers.

Schotsch, Margaret Jones (Greer, SC); Kirkpatrick, Francis Lawrence (late of Galway, NY); Lapine, Eric Michael (Northwood, NH)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Generation of synthetic benchmark electrical load profiles using publicly available load and weather data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Electrical load profiles of a particular region are usually required in order to study the performance of renewable energy technologies and the impact of different operational strategies on the power grid. Load profiles are generally constructed based on measurements and load research surveys which are capital and labour-intensive. In the absence of true load profiles, synthetically generated load profiles can be a viable alternative to be used as benchmarks for research or renewable energy investment planning. In this paper, the feasibility of using publicly available load and weather data to generate synthetic load profiles is investigated. An artificial neural network (ANN) based method is proposed to synthesize load profiles for a target region using its typical meteorological year 2 (TMY2) weather data as the input. To achieve this, the proposed ANN models are first trained using TMY2 weather data and load profile data of neighbouring regions as the input and targeted output. The limited number of data points in the load profile dataset and the consequent averaging of TMY2 weather data to match its period resulted in limited data availability for training. This challenge was tackled by incorporating generalization using Bayesian regularization into training. The other major challenge was facilitating ANN extrapolation and this was accomplished by the incorporation of domain knowledge into the input weather data for training. The performance of the proposed technique has been evaluated by simulation studies and tested on three real datasets. Results indicate that the generated synthetic load profiles closely resemble the real ones and therefore can be used as benchmarks.

Gobind G. Pillai; Ghanim A. Putrus; Nicola M. Pearsall

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

PLUTONIUM-238 PRODUCTION TARGET DESIGN STUDIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new supply chain is planned for plutonium-238 using existing reactors at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and existing chemical recovery facilities at ORNL. Validation and testing activities for new irradiation target designs have been conducted in three phases over a 2 year period to provide data for scale-up to production. Target design, qualification, target fabrication, and irradiation of fully-loaded targets have been accomplished. Data from post-irradiation examination (PIE) supports safety analysis and irradiation of future target designs.

Hurt, Christopher J [ORNL; Wham, Robert M [ORNL; Hobbs, Randall W [ORNL; Owens, R Steven [ORNL; Chandler, David [ORNL; Freels, James D [ORNL; Maldonado, G Ivan [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Dimensional analysis of impulse loading resulting from detonation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dimensional analysis of impulse loading resulting from detonation of shallow-buried charges Mica for the problem of impulse loading experienced by target structures (e.g. vehicle hull) due to detonation-overburden stretching and acceleration before the associated sand bubble bursts and venting of the gaseous detonation

Grujicic, Mica

86

Load regulating expansion fixture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A free standing self contained device for bonding ultra thin metallic films, such as 0.001 inch beryllium foils is disclosed. The device will regulate to a predetermined load for solid state bonding when heated to a bonding temperature. The device includes a load regulating feature, whereby the expansion stresses generated for bonding are regulated and self adjusting. The load regulator comprises a pair of friction isolators with a plurality of annealed copper members located therebetween. The device, with the load regulator, will adjust to and maintain a stress level needed to successfully and economically complete a leak tight bond without damaging thin foils or other delicate components. 1 fig.

Wagner, L.M.; Strum, M.J.

1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

87

Load regulating expansion fixture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A free standing self contained device for bonding ultra thin metallic films, such as 0.001 inch beryllium foils. The device will regulate to a predetermined load for solid state bonding when heated to a bonding temperature. The device includes a load regulating feature, whereby the expansion stresses generated for bonding are regulated and self adjusting. The load regulator comprises a pair of friction isolators with a plurality of annealed copper members located therebetween. The device, with the load regulator, will adjust to and maintain a stress level needed to successfully and economically complete a leak tight bond without damaging thin foils or other delicate components.

Wagner, Lawrence M. (San Jose, CA); Strum, Michael J. (San Jose, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Load sensing system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A load sensing system inexpensively monitors the weight and temperature of stored nuclear material for long periods of time in widely variable environments. The system can include an electrostatic load cell that encodes weight and temperature into a digital signal which is sent to a remote monitor via a coaxial cable. The same cable is used to supply the load cell with power. When multiple load cells are used, vast inventories of stored nuclear material can be continuously monitored and inventoried of minimal cost. 4 figs.

Sohns, C.W.; Nodine, R.N.; Wallace, S.A.

1999-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

89

Flow distribution analysis on the cooling tube network of ITER thermal shield  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal shield (TS) is to be installed between the vacuum vessel or the cryostat and the magnets in ITER tokamak to reduce the thermal radiation load to the magnets operating at 4.2K. The TS is cooled by pressurized helium gas at the inlet temperature of 80K. The cooling tube is welded on the TS panel surface and the composed flow network of the TS cooling tubes is complex. The flow rate in each panel should be matched to the thermal design value for effective radiation shielding. This paper presents one dimensional analysis on the flow distribution of cooling tube network for the ITER TS. The hydraulic cooling tube network is modeled by an electrical analogy. Only the cooling tube on the TS surface and its connecting pipe from the manifold are considered in the analysis model. Considering the frictional factor and the local loss in the cooling tube, the hydraulic resistance is expressed as a linear function with respect to mass flow rate. Sub-circuits in the TS are analyzed separately because each circuit is controlled by its own control valve independently. It is found that flow rates in some panels are insufficient compared with the design values. In order to improve the flow distribution, two kinds of design modifications are proposed. The first one is to connect the tubes of the adjacent panels. This will increase the resistance of the tube on the panel where the flow rate is excessive. The other design suggestion is that an orifice is installed at the exit of tube routing where the flow rate is to be reduced. The analysis for the design suggestions shows that the flow mal-distribution is improved significantly.

Nam, Kwanwoo; Chung, Wooho; Noh, Chang Hyun; Kang, Dong Kwon; Kang, Kyoung-O; Ahn, Hee Jae; Lee, Hyeon Gon [ITER Korea, National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

90

Plugging of steam generator tubes and consequences for plant operation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The simulation of pressurized water reactor (SIROP) code was created using the SICLE software developed by the study and research department at Electricite de France. It is the largest computer code with this software (260 tubes, 1800 computation points, 19 water-steam cavities, 9 pumps, 6 turbines, 32 control system elements). It simulates the general operating conditions of a 900-MW(electric) CP2 power plant by computing the main physical parameters from the reactor core to the condenser. The study was performed by the study and research department (Reactor Physics Division) with the help of SEPTEN following an SPT (power operation department) request. It consisted of identifying the change in margins with respect to emergency shutdown protections (especially for ..delta..T protections) as a function of the number of plugged steam generators (1, 2, or 3) and the degree of plugging (10, 20, and 30%) under the following operating conditions: (1) steady state at 100% full power; and (2) main transients: manual load rejection, load rejection induced by grid fault, turbine tripping. The purpose was to assess the effect of a large number of steam generator plugged tubes on the behavior of the plant to secure a long-term prediction for the date of replacement of these steam generators.

Agnoux, D.; Chenal, J.C.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

IPNS enriched uranium booster target  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since startup in 1981, IPNS has operated on a fully depleted /sup 238/U target. With the booster as in the present system, high energy protons accelerated to 450 MeV by the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron are directed at the target and by mechanisms of spallation and fission of the uranium, produce fast neutrons. The neutrons from the target pass into adjacent moderator where they slow down to energies useful for spectroscopy. The target cooling systems and monitoring systems have operated very reliably and safely during this period. To provide higher neutron intensity, we have developed plans for an enriched uranium (booster) target. HETC-VIM calculations indicate that the target will produce approx.90 kW of heat, with a nominal x5 gain (k/sub eff/ = 0.80). The neutron beam intensity gain will be a factor of approx.3. Thermal-hydraulic and heat transport calculations indicate that approx.1/2 in. thick /sup 235/U discs are subject to about the same temperatures as the present /sup 238/U 1 in. thick discs. The coolant will be light demineralized water (H/sub 2/O) and the coolant flow rate must be doubled. The broadening of the fast neutron pulse width should not seriously affect the neutron scattering experiments. Delayed neutrons will appear at a level about 3% of the total (currently approx.0.5%). This may affect backgrounds in some experiments, so that we are assessing measures to control and correct for this (e.g., beam tube choppers). Safety analyses and neutronic calculations are nearing completion. Construction of the /sup 235/U discs at the ORNL Y-12 facility is scheduled to begin late 1985. The completion of the booster target and operation are scheduled for late 1986. No enriched uranium target assembly operating at the projected power level now exists in the world. This effort thus represents an important technological experiment as well as being a ''flux enhancer''.

Schulke, A.W. Jr.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Predicting pipeline frost load  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study was undertaken to find a formula for predicting the additional load imposed on underground pipelines by soil freezing. The authors conclude that a modified Boussinesq equation can be used to assess this load. Results also showed that frost affects the modulus of soil reaction and therefore the induced stress in flexible pipe.

Fielding, M.B.; Cohen, A.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

TARGETING TRICLOSAN  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TARGETING TRICLOSAN ... FEDERAL REGULATORS are worried about the potential for antibiotic resistance and endocrine disruption from human exposure to triclosan, an antibacterial ingredient found in numerous consumer products, including soaps, body washes, cutting boards, and toys. ... “Existing data raise valid concerns about the effects of repetitive daily human exposure” to triclosan, the Food & Drug Administration wrote in a letter to Rep. Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.), which he released on April 8. ...

BRITT ERICKSON

2010-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

94

Large Diameter Lasing Tube Cooling Arrangement  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cooling structure (16) for use inside a ceramic cylindrical tube (11) of a metal vapor laser (10) to cool the plasma in the tube (11), the cooling structure (16) comprising a plurality of circular metal members (17,31) and mounting members (18, 34) that position the metal members (17,31) coaxially in the tube (11) to form an annular lasing volume, with the metal members (17, 31) being axially spaced from each other along the length of the tube (11) to prevent the metal members from shorting out the current flow through the plasma in the tube (11) and to provide spaces through which the heat from localized hot spots in the plasma may radiate to the other side of the tube (11).

Hall, Jerome P.; Alger, Terry W.; Anderson, Andrew T.; Arnold, Philip A.

2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

95

Tube support grid and spacer therefor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tube support grid and spacers therefor provide radially inward preloading of heat exchange tubes to minimize stress upon base welds due to differential thermal expansion. The grid comprises a concentric series of rings and spacers with opposing concave sides for conforming to the tubes and V-shaped ends to provide resilient flexibility. The flexibility aids in assembly and in transmitting seismic vibrations from the tubes to a shroud. The tube support grid may be assembled in place to achieve the desired inwardly radial preloading of the heat exchange tubes. Tab and slot assembly further minimizes stresses in the system. The radii of the grid rings may be preselected to effect the desired radially inward preloading.

Ringsmuth, Richard J. (Solano Beach, CA); Kaufman, Jay S. (Del Mar, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

load | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

load load Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Source Commercial and Residential Reference Building Models Date Released April 18th, 2013 (9 months ago) Date Updated July 02nd, 2013 (7 months ago) Keywords building building demand building load Commercial data demand Energy Consumption energy data hourly kWh load profiles Residential Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

97

Sampling artifacts from conductive silicone tubing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sampling artifacts from conductive silicone tubing Sampling artifacts from conductive silicone tubing Title Sampling artifacts from conductive silicone tubing Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2009 Authors Timko, Michael T., Zhenhong Yu, Jesse Kroll, John T. Jayne, Douglas R. Worsnop, Richard C. Miake-Lye, Timothy B. Onasch, David Liscinsky, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, Hugo Destaillats, Amara L. Holder, Jared D. Smith, and Kevin R. Wilson Journal Aerosol Science and Technology Volume 43 Issue 9 Pagination 855-865 Date Published 06/03/2009 Abstract We report evidence that carbon impregnated conductive silicone tubing used in aerosol sampling systems can introduce two types of experimental artifacts: (1) silicon tubing dynamically absorbs carbon dioxide gas, requiring greater than 5 minutes to reach equilibrium and (2) silicone tubing emits organic contaminants containing siloxane that are adsorbed onto particles traveling through it and onto downstream quartz fiber filters. The consequence can be substantial for engine exhaust measurements as both artifacts directly impact calculations of particulate mass-based emission indices. The emission of contaminants from the silicone tubing can result in overestimation of organic particle mass concentrations based on real-time aerosol mass spectrometry and the off-line thermal analysis of quartz filters. The adsorption of siloxane contaminants can affect the surface properties of aerosol particles; we observed a marked reduction in the water-affinity of soot particles passed through conductive silicone tubing. These combined observations suggest that the silicone tubing artifacts may have wide consequence for the aerosol community and the tubing should, therefore, be used with caution. Contamination associated with the use of silicone tubing was observed at ambient temperature and, in some cases, was enhanced by mild heating (<70°C) or pre-exposure to a solvent (methanol). Further evaluation is warranted to quantify systematically how the contamination responds to variations in system temperature, physicochemical particle properties, exposure to solvent, sample contact time, tubing age, and sample flow rates.

98

The elimination of liquid loading problems in low productivity gas wells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

investigated. The Beggs and Brill multiphase pressure drop correlation was programmed and used as a basis to generate tubing performance curves and to study the effects of various parameters on long term gas production. Turner's method for predicting... the known methods of analyzing liquid loading problems in gas wells. A computer program will be developed to aid in generating tubing performance curves along with calculated gas velocity profiles. The calculated gas velocity profile...

Neves, Toby Roy

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Accelerator target  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A target includes a body having a depression in a front side for holding a sample for irradiation by a particle beam to produce a radioisotope. Cooling fins are disposed on a backside of the body opposite the depression. A foil is joined to the body front side to cover the depression and sample therein. A perforate grid is joined to the body atop the foil for supporting the foil and for transmitting the particle beam therethrough. A coolant is circulated over the fins to cool the body during the particle beam irradiation of the sample in the depression. 5 figs.

Schlyer, D.J.; Ferrieri, R.A.; Koehler, C.

1999-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

100

Leakage-flow-induced vibration of a tube-in-tube slip joint. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The susceptibility of a cantilevered tube conveying water to self-excitation by leakage flow through a slip joint is assessed experimentally. The slip joint is formed by inserting a smaller, rigid tube into the free end of the cantilevered tube. Variations of the slip joint annular gaps and engagement lengths are tested, and several mechanisms for self-excitation are described.

Mulcahy, T.M.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

HLW Glass Waste Loadings  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HLW HLW Glass Waste Loadings Ian L. Pegg Vitreous State Laboratory The Catholic University of America Washington, DC Overview Overview  Vitrification - general background  Joule heated ceramic melter (JHCM) technology  Factors affecting waste loadings  Waste loading requirements and projections  WTP DWPF  DWPF  Yucca Mountain License Application requirements on waste loading  Summary Vitrification  Immobilization of waste by conversion into a glass  Internationally accepted treatment for HLW  Why glass?  Amorphous material - able to incorporate a wide spectrum of elements over wide ranges of composition; resistant to radiation damage  Long-term durability - natural analogs Relatively simple process - amenable to nuclearization at large  Relatively simple process - amenable to nuclearization at large scale  There

102

Buildings Stock Load Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: An assembly of the various blocks of the library of simbad and simulink permit to model building. Finally the last part prensents the study results: Graphs and tables to see the load shedding strategies impacts....

Joutey, H. A.; Vaezi-Nejad, H.; Clemoncon, B.; Rosenstein, F.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Property:Buildings/ModelTargetType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ModelTargetType ModelTargetType Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. The allowed values for this property are: ASHRAE 90.1 2007 ASHRAE 90.1 2004 ASHRAE 189.1 LEED Pages using the property "Buildings/ModelTargetType" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + ASHRAE 90.1 2004 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline + ASHRAE 90.1 2004 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + ASHRAE 90.1 2004 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline + ASHRAE 90.1 2004 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + ASHRAE 90.1 2004 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami High Plug Load Baseline + ASHRAE 90.1 2004 +

104

Characterization of stainless steel 304 tubing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Earlier studies have shown that stainless steel 304 (SS304) containing martensite is susceptible to hydrogen embrittlement. This generated concern regarding the structural integrity of SS304 tubing we use in the W87 pit tube. During surveillance operations, the pit tube undergoes a series of bending and straightening as it goes through a number of surveillance cycles. This motivated the study to characterize austenitic SS304 tubing obtained from Rocky Flats. The tubes continued to display structural soundness even after numerous repeated bending and straightening cycles. The minimum and maximum number of bends to failure occurred after 13 and 16 cycles, respectively. After 5 bends, both the inner and outer surfaces of the tubing showed no microcracks. When the bent tubing samples were pressurized and tested using deuterium at 74{degrees}C and at {approximately}78{degrees}C, they failed away from the bent area. Thus deuterium embrittlement of the bent SS304 tubing should not be a problem. Moreover, to increase our 95% confidence level to 5 bends, we are planning to perform at least four additional bends to failure tests.

Sunwoo, A.J.; Brooks, M.A.; Kervin, J.E.

1995-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

105

Sampling Artifacts from Conductive Silicone Tubing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report evidence that carbon impregnated conductive silicone tubing used in aerosol sampling systems can introduce two types of experimental artifacts: 1) silicon tubing dynamically absorbs carbon dioxide gas, requiring greater than 5 minutes to reach equilibrium and 2) silicone tubing emits organic contaminants containing siloxane that adsorb onto particles traveling through it and onto downstream quartz fiber filters. The consequence can be substantial for engine exhaust measurements as both artifacts directly impact calculations of particulate mass-based emission indices. The emission of contaminants from the silicone tubing can result in overestimation of organic particle mass concentrations based on real-time aerosol mass spectrometry and the off-line thermal analysis of quartz filters. The adsorption of siloxane contaminants can affect the surface properties of aerosol particles; we observed a marked reduction in the water-affinity of soot particles passed through conductive silicone tubing. These combined observations suggest that the silicone tubing artifacts may have wide consequence for the aerosol community and should, therefore, be used with caution. Gentle heating, physical and chemical properties of the particle carriers, exposure to solvents, and tubing age may influence siloxane uptake. The amount of contamination is expected to increase as the tubing surface area increases and as the particle surface area increases. The effect is observed at ambient temperature and enhanced by mild heating (<100 oC). Further evaluation is warranted.

Timko, Michael T.; Yu, Zhenhong; Kroll, Jesse; Jayne, John T.; Worsnop, Douglas R.; Miake-Lye, Richard C.; Onasch, Timothy B.; Liscinsky, David; Kirchstetter, Thomas W.; Destaillats, Hugo; Holder, Amara L.; Smith, Jared D.; Wilson, Kevin R.

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

Composite Load Model Evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The WECC load modeling task force has dedicated its effort in the past few years to develop a composite load model that can represent behaviors of different end-user components. The modeling structure of the composite load model is recommended by the WECC load modeling task force. GE Energy has implemented this composite load model with a new function CMPLDW in its power system simulation software package, PSLF. For the last several years, Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has taken the lead and collaborated with GE Energy to develop the new composite load model. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and BPA joint force and conducted the evaluation of the CMPLDW and test its parameter settings to make sure that: • the model initializes properly, • all the parameter settings are functioning, and • the simulation results are as expected. The PNNL effort focused on testing the CMPLDW in a 4-bus system. An exhaustive testing on each parameter setting has been performed to guarantee each setting works. This report is a summary of the PNNL testing results and conclusions.

Lu, Ning; Qiao, Hong (Amy)

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

107

Load Monitoring CEC/LMTF Load Research Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This white paper addresses the needs, options, current practices of load monitoring. Recommendations on load monitoring applications and future directions are also presented.

Huang, Zhenyu; Lesieutre, B.; Yang, Steve; Ellis, A.; Meklin, A.; Wong, B.; Gaikwad, A.; Brooks, D.; Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Phillips, John; Kosterev, Dmitry; Hoffman, M.; Ciniglio, O.; Hartwell, R.; Pourbeik, P.; Maitra, A.; Lu, Ning

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

108

Identification of viral load signatures for HBV and HCV in human hepatocellular carcinoma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mechanism(s) by which the viral load exerts this effect remains unclear...Furthermore, we compared the viral load signatures with the expression...respectively. In conclusion, these data identify the putative target...associated with the effects of viral load on HCC prognosis which may be...

Hyun Goo Woo; Ing Jos van Pelt; Ju-Seog Lee; Chris Verslype; Louis Libbrecht; In-Sun Chu; and Snorri Thorgeirsson

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Method and apparatus for optimized sampling of volatilizable target substances  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for capturing, from gases such as soil gas, target analytes. Target analytes may include emanations from explosive materials or from residues of explosive materials. The apparatus employs principles of sorption common to solid phase microextraction, and is best used in conjunction with analysis means such as a gas chromatograph. To sorb target analytes, the apparatus functions using various sorptive structures to capture target analyte. Depending upon the embodiment, those structures may include 1) a conventional solid-phase microextraction (SPME) fiber, 2) a SPME fiber suspended in a capillary tube (with means provided for moving gases through the capillary tube so that the gases come into close proximity to the suspended fiber), and 3) a capillary tube including an interior surface on which sorptive material (similar to that on the surface of a SPME fiber) is supported (along with means for moving gases through the capillary tube so that the gases come into close proximity to the sorptive material). In one disclosed embodiment, at least one such sorptive structure is associated with an enclosure including an opening in communication with the surface of a soil region potentially contaminated with buried explosive material such as unexploded ordnance. Emanations from explosive materials can pass into and accumulate in the enclosure where they are sorbed by the sorptive structures. Also disclosed is the use of heating means such as microwave horns to drive target analytes into the soil gas from solid and liquid phase components of the soil.

Lindgren, Eric R. (Albuquerque, NM); Phelan, James M. (Bosque Farms, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Multi-tube fuel nozzle with mixing features  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system includes a multi-tube fuel nozzle having an inlet plate and a plurality of tubes adjacent the inlet plate. The inlet plate includes a plurality of apertures, and each aperture includes an inlet feature. Each tube of the plurality of tubes is coupled to an aperture of the plurality of apertures. The multi-tube fuel nozzle includes a differential configuration of inlet features among the plurality of tubes.

Hughes, Michael John

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

111

Detonation limits in rough walled tubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present paper reports the results of a study of detonation limits in rough tubes. Detonation velocity is measured by photodiodes and ionization probes spaced at 10 cm intervals along the length of the tube. Short lengths of smoked foils inserted into the core of the rough tube is used to register the structure of the detonation wave. Pressure transducers are also used to obtain the pressure profile. The results indicate that in rough tubes, the detonation velocity is generally much lower than the corresponding values for smooth tubes. The velocity decreases slowly at first and then more rapidly as the limit is approached. The velocity variation is generally continuous and at the limits, the failure velocity is of the order of about 0.4 V CJ for all cases. The detonation limits in rough tubes are found to be wider than for a smooth tube. This indicates that the turbulence generated by the wall roughness facilitates the propagation of the detonation and extends the limits. Smoked foil records show that in the core of the rough tube the detonation front has a cellular structure corresponding to the usual cellular structure due to instability of the detonation. Thus the intrinsic unstable cellular structure is quite robust and retains its global characteristics in spite of the large perturbations generated by the rough wall. The detonation in the core of the rough tube goes from multi-headed to single headed as the limit is approached. Past the single headed spin, the low velocity detonation has no cellular structure but consists of interacting weak transverse waves from the rough wall. The averaged pressure of the low velocity detonation front corresponds to about the constant volume explosion pressure, in accord with the velocity of the low velocity detonation.

Amanda Starr; John H.S. Lee; Hoi Dick Ng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Truck loading rack blending  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Blending, the combining of two or more components to make a single product, has become widely used in most loading rack applications. Blending should not be confused with additive injection, which is the injection of very small doses of enhancers, detergents and dyes into a product stream. Changes in the environmental protection laws in the early 90`s have put increasing demands on marketing terminals with regards to reformulated fuels and environmental protection concerns. As a result of these new mandates, terminals have turned to blending at the loading rack as an economical and convenient means in meeting these new requirements. This paper will discuss some of these mandates and how loading rack blending is used for different applications. Various types of blending will also be discussed along with considerations for each method.

Boubenider, E. [Daniel Flow Products, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Alternative Electrostatic Green's Function for a Long Tube. ...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Alternative Electrostatic Green's Function for a Long Tube. Alternative Electrostatic Green's Function for a Long Tube. Abstract: This note describes an expression for the...

114

Starter for inductively coupled plasma tube  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A starter assembly is provided for use with an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) tube to reliably initiate a plasma at internal pressures above about 30 microns. A conductive probe is inserted within the inductor coil about the tube and insulated from the tube shield assembly. A capacitive circuit is arranged for momentarily connecting a high voltage radio-frequency generator to the probe while simultaneously energizing the coil. When the plasma is initiated the probe is disconnected from the generator and electrically connected to the shield assembly for operation. 1 fig.

Hull, D.E.; Bieniewski, T.M.

1988-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

115

DEVELOPMENT OF STRAIN IN OXIDES GROWN IN STEAM TUBES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, the foundation is being developed for the numerical simulation of the processes that determine the oxide scale exfoliation behavior of the steam-side surfaces of superheater and reheater tubes in a steam boiler. Initially, the assumptions concerning the base state for calculating oxide strains also were critically examined. The state of stress-strain of an oxide growing on the inside surface of an externally-heated tube was considered for the conditions experienced in a boiler during transition from full- to partial-load operation. Since the rate at which the oxide grows is an important consideration, it was necessary to determine the appropriate temperature to use in the oxidation rate calculations. The existence of a temperature gradient through the tube, and the cyclic nature of the boiler operation (temperature and pressure) were considered; the growth temperature of the oxide was taken to be the oxide surface temperature. It was determined that the commonly-used approach for accounting for geometrical effects when calculating stress-strain development in a growing oxide scale of using the analogy of an infinitely-long flat plate gave sufficiently different results than when using a cylindrical geometry, that the latter was adopted as the preferred calculation procedure. Preliminary calculation of strains developed in multilayered oxides formed on alloy T22 as a function of boiler operating conditions indicated the magnitude of the strains in each layer; the large strain gradients between the layers inferred the importance of the detailed scale morphology in determining the mode of exfoliation

Wright, Ian G [ORNL] [ORNL; Sabau, Adrian S [ORNL] [ORNL; Dooley, Barry [Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)] [Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Characterization of Rivastigmine Loaded Chitosan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEI). In present study rivastigmine loaded chitosan-tripolyphosphate nanoparticles

Simar Preet Kaur; Rekha Rao; Afzal Hussain; Sarita Khatkar

117

Bridge Monitoring and Loading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;1 Bridge Monitoring and Loading P. Fanning, E. OBrien Stone Arch Bridges - Modelling simulations were conducted for a range of stone arch bridges spanning 5.0m to 32m. Traditional assessment procedures for the determination of both longitudinal and transverse bridge strengths were developed

118

Bridge Monitoring and Loading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Bridge Monitoring and Loading P. Fanning, E. OBrien Stone Arch Bridges - Modelling and Assessment dimensional non- linear finite element simulations of a range of stone arch- bridges spanning 5.0m to 32m and novel assessment proce- dures for the determination of both longitudinal andtrans- verse bridge

119

Load Management Made Simple  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Company have moved to a demand side or load management mode which seeks to influence customers to change electric usage patterns to more efficiently use available generating capacity. Since 1970, the TUEC system peak demand has more than doubled from about...

Schneider, K.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

High-Pressure Tube Trailers and Tanks  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation on High-Pressure Tube Trailers and Tanks for the DOE Hydrogen Delivery High-Pressure Tanks and Analysis Project Review Meeting held February 8-9, 2005 at Argonne National Laboratory

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Impedance tube measurements of printed porous materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An impedance tube has been used to make measurements of the acoustic impedance of porous samples. Porous with designed porosities and tortuosities have been produced using 3D printing. Measured impedances are compared to calculated values.

Carl Frederickson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Sample inlet tube for ion source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved inlet tube is positioned within an aperture through the device to allow the passage of ions from the ion source, through the improved inlet tube, and into the interior of the device. The inlet tube is designed with a larger end and a smaller end wherein the larger end has a larger interior diameter than the interior diameter of the smaller end. The inlet tube is positioned within the aperture such that the larger end is pointed towards the ion source, to receive ions therefrom, and the smaller end is directed towards the interior of the device, to deliver the ions thereto. Preferably, the ion source utilized in the operation of the present invention is a standard electrospray ionization source. Similarly, the present invention finds particular utility in conjunction with analytical devices such as mass spectrometers.

Prior, David [Hermiston, OR; Price, John [Richland, WA; Bruce, Jim [Oceanside, CA

2002-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

123

Magnetic field lines for a flux tube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Equations for the magnetic field components in a two dimensional cylindrically symmetric ... in a simple case, solved. The resulting magnetic configuration possesses a strong magnetic field in a thin tube below a...

C. D. C. Steele; Rekha Jain

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Forced-convection condensation inside tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High vapor velocity condensation inside a tube was studied analytically. The von Karman universal velocity distribution was applied to the condensate flow, pressure drops were calculated using the Lockhart- Martinelli ...

Traviss, Donald P.

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Floor tube corrosion in recovery boilers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lower sulfur emissions at a pulp mill result in higher sulfidity levels and in the enrichment of potassium in the mill`s liquor system. The sulfidity values at Scandinavian kraft mills previously fluctuated between 28 and 35%; today they exceed 45%. Viscosity measurements show that the viscosity decreases drastically when the sulfidity increases from 30 mole% to 40 mole%, its potassium and chlorine levels are high enough, and the char bed is low, the smelt flows easily and may penetrate the char bed, approaching the floor tubes. In extreme cases, the hot smelt destroys the layer of solidified smelt on the floor tube`s surface and reacts very rapidly with the floor tube.

Klarin, A. [A. Ahistrom Corp., Helsinki (Finland)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Generalized correlation for foam flow in tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GENERALIZED CORRELATION FOR FOAM FLOW IN TUBES A Thesis by CAROL LYNNETTE COTTER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December.... (December 1996) Carol Lynnette Cotter, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Raymond W. Flumerfelt A novel experimental procedure to determine the behavior of foam flow in tubes is established. Using an approach developed...

Cotter, Carol Lynnette

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

127

Soft pion emission from fat flux tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The emission of pions from multiquark flux tubes is examined as an explanation of the soft pion puzzle. Although the soft pion spectra from the decay of fat flux tubes can account for some low {ital p}{sub {perpendicular}} enhancement, the dependence on the number of involved quarks is too weak to provide a plausible explanation of the observed enhancement in the pion spectrum at low transverse momenta.

Kusnezov, D.; Danielewicz, P. (National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Physics Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (USA))

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

recreate load le Rick Whitman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is an example of an initial unexpanded fos load le. It loads data for the le: u-init-y.cy0 u data for the le: e-init-y.cy0 2 #12;e-next-y.lod - this is an expanded fos load which uses erecreate load le Rick Whitman November 27, 1996 Usage The tool is invoked by entering recreate load

Sirianni, Marco

129

Tube construction for fluidized bed combustor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fluidized bed combustor comprises a reactor or a housing which has a windbox distributor plate adjacent the lower end thereof which contains a multiplicity of hole and air discharge nozzles for discharging air and coal into a fluidized bed which is maintained above the distributor plate and below a take-off connection or flue to a cyclone separator in which some of the products of combustion are treated to remove the dust which is returned into the fluidized bed. A windbox is spaced below the fluidized bed and it has a plurality of tubes passing therethrough with the passage of combustion air and fluidizing air which passes through an air space so that fluidizing air is discharged into the reaction chamber fluidized bed at the bottom thereof to maintain the bed in a fluidized condition. A fluid, such as air, is passed through the tubes which extend through the windbox and provide a preheating of the combustion air and into an annular space between telescoped inner and outer tubes which comprise heat exchanger tubes or cooling tubes which extend upwardly through the distributor plate into the fluidized bed. The heat exchanger tubes are advantageously arranged so that they may be exposed in groups within the reactor in a cluster which is arranged within holding rings.

De Feo, Angelo (Totowa, NJ); Hosek, William (Mt. Tabor, NJ)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Fluidized bed combustor and tube construction therefor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fluidized bed combustor comprises a reactor or a housing which has a windbox distributor plate adjacent the lower end thereof which contains a multiplicity of hole and air discharge nozzles for discharging air and coal into a fluidized bed which is maintained above the distributor plate and below a take-off connection or flue to a cyclone separator in which some of the products of combustion are treated to remove the dust which is returned into the fluidized bed. A windbox is spaced below the fluidized bed and it has a plurality of tubes passing therethrough with the passage of combustion air and fluidizing air which passes through an air space so that fluidizing air is discharged into the reaction chamber fluidized bed at the bottom thereof to maintain the bed in a fluidized condition. A fluid, such as air, is passed through the tubes which extend through the windbox and provide a preheating of the combustion air and into an annular space between telescoped inner and outer tubes which comprise heat exchanger tubes or cooling tubes which extend upwardly through the distributor plate into the fluidized bed. The heat exchanger tubes are advantageously arranged so that they may be exposed in groups within the reactor in a cluster which is arranged within holding rings.

De Feo, Angelo (Passaic, NJ); Hosek, William (Morris, NJ)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Method of positioning tubing within a horizontal well  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a method of variably and selectively positioning coil tubing in a horizontally drilled well having a generally vertical section, a curve section and a generally horizontal section. It comprises securing a generally hollow tubing guide shoe to one end of a tubing string; inserting the tubing guide shoe and a portion of the tubing string through the generally vertical section and the curve section and into a portion of the generally horizontal section; and inserting coil tubing through the tubing string.

Young, C.E.

1992-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

132

Fireside carburization of stainless steel furnace tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most heavy Venezuelan crudes are recognized for having a high total acid number (TAN) that is usually associated with a high tendency to produce naphthenic acid corrosion. To resist this type of corrosion in vacuum heaters, 9Cr-1Mo steel and stainless steels containing molybdenum are usually recommended. In 1993 the original 5Cr-1/2Mo roof tubes of the furnace in a vacuum unit were replaced by stainless steel 316Ti to minimize tube replacement and increase heater reliability. Unexpectedly, some of the new tubes failed after only three years of service, and just one year after undergoing the last turnaround inspection. The damage occurred in the form of deep holes and perforations, starting from the outside tube surface on the fireside. Coke build-up occurred due to severe operating conditions, overheating the tubes on the fireside, above 675 C (1250 F). Metallographic and Scanning Electron Microscopic (SEM) examination revealed internal and external carburization of the material due to the presence of coke and combustion ashes, respectively. The increase in the skin metal temperature facilitated the diffusion of carbon from these carbon-rich deposits into the low carbon content material (0.023 O/O).Depletion of chromium at the grain boundaries due to the massive formation of chromium carbides, resulted in a severe intergranular corrosion attack by molten salts rich in vanadium and sulfur due to asphalt burning. Normal operating practice demands the use of steam for the heater tubes to control coke build-up. This practice had been first reduced and then eliminated, during the past two years prior to the failure, because of economic incentives. This paper describes the root cause analysis conducted to account for these premature tube failures.

Mirabal, E.; Molina, C. [PDVSA-Refineria Isla, Curayao (Netherlands); Mayorga, A.; Hau, J.L. [PDVSA-Intevep, Caracas (Venezuela)

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Grid Friendly Appliances – Load-side Solution for Congestion Management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the effectiveness of deploying grid-friendly{trademark} appliances (GFAs) as a load-side solution for congestion management in a competitive electricity market, with the residential house ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) load used as an example. A GFA is an appliance that can have a sensor and a controller installed to detect price, voltage, or frequency signals and turn on/off according to certain control logic. By using the congestion price as a signal to shift GFA power consumption from high-price periods to low-price periods to reduce load in load pocket areas, transmission line congestion can be successfully mitigated. The magnitude of GFA load reduction and the location of the GFA resources are critical to relieve congestion on targeted lines while not causing other lines to congest. Simulation results are presented and the impact of implementing price-responsive GFAs on the power grid is also studied.

Lu, Ning; Nguyen, Tony B.

2006-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

134

load profile | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

data load data load profile OpenEI residential load TMY3 United States Load data Image source: NREL Files: applicationzip icon System Advisor Model Tool for Downloading Load Data...

135

Load Management: Opportunity or Calamity?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

larger now than prior to 1973. Utilities are examining two options which can be termed load management. One option is to control discretionary loads during peak periods. Cycling of residential water heaters or shutting off industrial electric furnaces...

Males, R.; Hassig, N.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Alternate Materials for Recovery Boiler Superheater Tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ever escalating demands for increased efficiency of all types of boilers would most sensibly be realized by an increase in the steam parameters of temperature and pressure. However, materials and corrosion limitations in the steam generating components, particularly the superheater tubes, present major obstacles to boiler designers in achieving systems that can operate under the more severe conditions. This paper will address the issues associated with superheater tube selection for many types of boilers; particularly chemical recovery boilers, but also addressing the similarities in issues for biomass and coal fired boilers. It will also review our recent study of materials for recovery boiler superheaters. Additional, more extensive studies, both laboratory and field, are needed to gain a better understanding of the variables that affect superheater tube corrosion and to better determine the best means to control this corrosion to ultimately permit operation of recovery boilers at higher temperatures and pressures.

Keiser, James R [ORNL; Kish, Joseph [McMaster University; Singbeil, Douglas [FPInnovations

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Biaxial creep behavior of textured zircaloy tubing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on zirconium alloys which are commonly used in light-water reactors as thin-walled tubing to clad highly radioactive fuel. The tubes experience varied stresses at high temperatures while being exposed to high-neutron radiation, resulting in thermal creep and radiation growth and creep. However, the dimensional stability of these materials is important to preventing leakage of fission gases and contamination of the coolant water. Predicting the dimensional changes of the thin-walled tubes is further complicated by the anisotropic nature of the hexagonal close-packaged metals. This article summarizes the procedures used in the texture analyses and crystal plasticity in developing model equations to predict the dimensional changes of Zircaloy fuel cladding, both out-of-pile and in-reactor. These methodologies can be extended to the life prediction of these important structures in nuclear reactors.

Murty, L.K. (North Carolina State Univ., NC (US))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Variable loading roller  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An automatic loading roller for transmitting torque in traction drive devices in manipulator arm joints includes a two-part camming device having a first cam portion rotatable in place on a shaft by an input torque and a second cam portion coaxially rotatable and translatable having a rotating drive surface thereon for engaging the driven surface of an output roller with a resultant force proportional to the torque transmitted. Complementary helical grooves in the respective cam portions interconnected through ball bearings interacting with those grooves effect the rotation and translation of the second cam portion in response to rotation of the first. 14 figs.

Williams, D.M.

1988-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

139

Experimental Target Injection and Tracking System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Targets must be injected into an IFE power plant with an accuracy of and plusmn; 5 mm at a rate of approximately 5 to 10 each second. Targets must be tracked very accurately to allow driver beams to be aligned with defined points on the targets with accuracy {+-}200{mu}m for indirect drive and {+-}20{mu}m for direct drive. An experimental target injection and tracking system has been designed and is being constructed at General Atomics to investigate injection and tracking of both direct drive and indirect drive targets. The design is modular to allow testing of alternate target acceleration and tracking methods. The injector system will be used as a tool for testing the survivability of various target designs and provide feed back to the target designers. This 30 m long system will be the centerpiece of a Facility for developing IFE target fabrication and injection technologies. A high-speed high-flow gas valve (designed and built by Oak Ridge National Laboratory) will provide helium propellant gas to the targets. To avoid target damage from excessive acceleration, an 8 m gun barrel is being built to achieve 400 m/s target speed while not exceeding 10,000 m/s{sup 2} acceleration. Direct-drive targets are protected in the barrel by sabots that are spring loaded to separate into two halves after acceleration. A sabot deflector directs the sabot halves away from the target injection path. Gas expansion chambers and orifices, keep propellant gas out of the target-tracking region. Targets will be optically tracked with laser beams and line scan cameras. High-speed computations will calculate target position in less than 2 ms based on the output from the line-scan cameras. Target position and arrival time to a plane in the reaction chamber center will be predicted in real-time based on early target position measurements. The system design, construction progress, and early testing results will be presented.

Petzoldt, R.W. [General Atomics (United States); Alexander, N.B. [General Atomics (United States); Drake, T.J. [General Atomics (United States); Goodin, D.T. [General Atomics (United States); Stemke, R.W. [General Atomics (United States); Jonestrask, K

2003-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

140

Oxy-acetylene driven laboratory scale shock tubes for studying blast wave effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Instrumentation is needed to produce realistic blast waves in a laboratory setting. This paper describes the development and characterization of oxy-acetylene driven, laboratory scale shock tubes for use in studying blast injury, candidate armor materials, and material properties at blast loading rates. The pressure-time profiles show a true shock front and exponential decay characteristic of blast waves and have relevant durations. The modular design includes shock tube diameters of 27 mm and 41 mm, and a selection of peak pressures from 204 kPa to 920 kPa can be produced by selection of the driver section diameter and placement of the test sample. Characterization studies of several driver/driven section combinations showed consistent results, with peak pressures having 0.8 - 6.9 percent uncertainty in the mean. This shock tube design provides a more realistic blast profile than current air-driven shock tubes. In addition, operation does not require specialized personnel or facilities like most blast-driven...

Courtney, Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

MTS Table Top Load frame  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MTS Table Top Load frame MTS Table Top Load frame The Non-destructive Evaluation group operates an MTS Table Top Load frame for ultimate strength and life cycle testing of various ceramic, ceramic-matrix (FGI), carbon, carbon fiber, cermet (CMC) and metal alloy engineering samples. The load frame is a servo-hydraulic type designed to function in a closed loop configuration under computer control. The system can perform non-cyclic, tension, compression and flexure testing and cyclic fatigue tests. The system is comprised of two parts: * The Load Frame and * The Control System. Load Frame The Load Frame (figure 1) is a cross-head assembly which includes a single moving grip, a stationary grip and LVDT position sensor. It can generate up to 25 kN (5.5 kip) of force in the sample under test and can

142

Development of a Versatile Laser-Ultrasonic System and Application to the Online Measurement for Process Control of Wall Thickness and Eccentricity of Seamless Tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A system for the online, non-contact measurement of wall thickness in steel seamless mechanical tubing has been developed and demonstrated at a tubing production line at the Timken Company in Canton, Ohio. The system utilizes laser-generation of ultrasound and laser-detection of time of flight with interferometry, laser-doppler velocimetry and pyrometry, all with fiber coupling. Accuracy (<1% error) and precision (1.5%) are at targeted levels. Cost and energy savings have exceeded estimates. The system has shown good reliability in measuring over 200,000 tubes in its first six months of deployment.

Robert V. Kolarik II

2002-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

143

Digital radiographic systems detect boiler tube cracks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Boiler water wall leaks have been a major cause of steam plant forced outages. But conventional nondestructive evaluation techniques have a poor track record of detecting corrosion fatigue cracking on the inside surface of the cold side of waterwall tubing. EPRI is performing field trials of a prototype direct-digital radiographic system that promises to be a game changer. 8 figs.

Walker, S. [EPRI, Charlotte, NC (United States)

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

144

Stress-Assisted Corrosion in Boiler Tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A number of industrial boilers, including in the pulp and paper industry, needed to replace their lower furnace tubes or decommission many recovery boilers due to stress-assisted corrosion (SAC) on the waterside of boiler tubes. More than half of the power and recovery boilers that have been inspected reveal SAC damage, which portends significant energy and economic impacts. The goal of this project was to clarify the mechanism of stress-assisted corrosion (SAC) of boiler tubes for the purpose of determining key parameters in its mitigation and control. To accomplish this in-situ strain measurements on boiler tubes were made. Boiler water environment was simulated in the laboratory and effects of water chemistry on SAC initiation and growth were evaluated in terms of industrial operations. Results from this project have shown that the dissolved oxygen is single most important factor in SAC initiation on carbon steel samples. Control of dissolved oxygen can be used to mitigate SAC in industrial boilers. Results have also shown that sharp corrosion fatigue and bulbous SAC cracks have similar mechanism but the morphology is different due to availability of oxygen during boiler shutdown conditions. Results are described in the final technical report.

Preet M Singh; Steven J Pawel

2006-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

145

Remote Opening and Sealing of Metal Tubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

``One?shot'' methods of opening and sealing metal tubes are described. These methods were developed for taking high altitude atmospheric samples in metal bottles carried aloft by rockets and are performed by pyrotechnic means. The sealing is done by cold welding.

L. T. Loh; H. W. Neill; M. H. Nichols; E. A. Wenzel

1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

"Fine grain Nb tube for SRF cavities"  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities used in charged particle linear accelerators, are currently fabricated by deep drawing niobium sheets and welding the drawn dishes together. The Nb sheet has a non-uniform microstructure, which leads to unpredictable cavity shape and surface roughness, and inconsistent "spring-back" during forming. In addition, weld zones cause hot spots during cavity operation. These factors limit linear accelerator performance and increase cavity manufacturing cost. Equal channel angular extrusion (ECAE) can be used to refine and homogenize the microstructure of Nb tube for subsequent hydroforming into SRF cavities. Careful selection of deformation and heat treatment conditions during the processing steps can give a uniform and consistent microstructure in the tube, leading to improved deformability and lower manufacturing costs. Favorable microstructures were achieved in short test samples of RRR Nb tube, which may be particularly suitable for hydroforming into SRF cavity strings. The approach demonstrated could be applicable to microstructure engineering of other tube materials including tantalum, titanium, and zirconium.

Robert E. Barber

2012-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

147

Stress-induced reorientation of hydrides and mechanical properties of Zircaloy-4 cladding tubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Stress-induced reorientation of hydrides and its effect on the stress–strain response of Zircaloy-4 cladding tubes were investigated. The reorientation of hydrides along the radial direction was most pronounced if the tube was cooled from 300 to 200 °C under circumferential loading. Reorientation occurred much less frequently at either higher (cooled from 400 to 300 °C) or lower (cooled from 200 to 100 °C) temperature range. The population of radial hydrides in R43H7 (which was cooled from 400 to 300 °C and maintained at 300 °C for 7 h) increased drastically during annealing at 300 °C, suggesting time dependent stress-aided dissolution of circumferential hydrides and reprecipitation of radial hydrides. The drastic decrease of the strength and the complete loss of the ductility were observed in R32AC and R43H7.

S.I. Hong; K.W. Lee

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Measured Peak Equipment Loads in Laboratories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of measured equipment load data for laboratories, designersmeasured peak equipment load data from 39 laboratory spacesmeasured equipment load data from various laboratory spaces

Mathew, Paul A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Condensation in horizontal heat exchanger tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many innovative reactor concepts for Generation III nuclear power plants use passive safety equipment for residual heat removal. These systems use two phase natural circulation. Heat transfer to the coolant results in a density difference providing the driving head for the required mass flow. By balancing the pressure drop the system finds its operational mode. Therefore the systems depend on a strong link between heat transfer and pressure drop determining the mass flow through the system. In order to be able to analyze these kind of systems with the help of state of the art computer codes the implemented numerical models for heat transfer, pressure drop or two phase flow structure must be able to predict the system performance in a wide parameter range. Goal of the program is to optimize the numerical models and therefore the performance of computer codes analyzing passive systems. Within the project the heat transfer capacity of a heat exchanger tube will be investigated. Therefore the tube will be equipped with detectors, both temperature and pressure, in several directions perpendicular to the tube axis to be able to resolve the angular heat transfer. In parallel the flow structure of a two phase flow inside and along the tube will be detected with the help of x-ray tomography. The water cooling outside of the tube will be realized by forced convection. It will be possible to combine the flow structure measurement with an angular resolved heat transfer for a wide parameter range. The test rig is set up at the TOPLFOW facility at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), so that it will be possible to vary the pressure between 5 and 70 bar. The steam mass content will be varied between 0 and 100 percent. The results will be compared to the large scaled Emergency Condenser Tests performed at the INKA test facility in Karlstein (Germany). The paper will explain the test setup and the status of the project will be presented. (authors)

Leyer, S.; Zacharias, T.; Maisberger, F.; Lamm, M. [AREVA NP GmbH, Paul-Gossen-Strasse 100, Erlangen, 91052 (Germany); Vallee, C.; Beyer, M.; Hampel, U. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V., Bautzner Landstrasse 400, Dresden, 01328 (Germany)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Polarized internal target apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A polarized internal target apparatus with a polarized gas target of improved polarization and density (achieved by mixing target gas atoms with a small amount of alkali metal gas atoms, and passing a high intensity polarized light source into the mixture to cause the alkali metal gas atoms to become polarized which interact in spin exchange collisions with target gas atoms yielding polarized target gas atoms) is described.

Holt, R.J.

1984-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

151

Polarized internal target apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A polarized internal target apparatus with a polarized gas target of improved polarization and density achieved by mixing target gas atoms with a small amount of alkali metal gas atoms, and passing a high intensity polarized light source into the mixture to cause the alkali metal gas atoms to become polarized which interact in spin exchange collisions with target gas atoms yielding polarized target gas atoms.

Holt, Roy J. (Downers Grove, IL)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Characterization of Friction Stir Welded Tubes by Means of Tube Bulge Test  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mechanical properties of friction stir welded joints are generally evaluated by means of conventional tensile test. This testing method might provide insufficient information because maximum strain obtained in tensile test before necking is small; moreover, the application of tensile test is limited when the joint path is not linear or even when the welds are executed on curved surfaces. Therefore, in some cases, it would be preferable to obtain the joints properties from other testing methods. Tube bulge test can be a valid solution for testing circumferential or longitudinal welds executed on tubular workpieces. The present work investigates the mechanical properties and the formability of friction stir welded tubes by means of tube bulge tests. The experimental campaign was performed on tubular specimens having a thickness of 3 mm and an external diameter of 40 mm, obtained starting from two semi-tubes longitudinally friction stir welded. The first step, regarding the fabrication of tubes, was performed combining a conventional forming process and friction stir welding. Sheets in Al-Mg-Si-Cu alloy AA6060 T6 were adopted for this purpose. Plates having a dimension of 225x60 mm were bent (with a bending axis parallel to the main dimension) in order to obtain semi-tubes. A particular care was devoted to the fabrication of forming devices (punch and die) in order to minimize the springback effects. Semi-tubes were then friction stir welded by means of a CNC machine tool. Some preliminary tests were carried out by varying the welding parameters, namely feed rate and rotational speed. A very simple tool having flat shoulder and cylindrical pin was used. The second step of the research was based on testing the welded tubes by means of tube bulge test. A specific equipment having axial actuators with a conical shape was adopted for this study. Some analyses were carried out on the tubes bulged up to a certain pressure level. In particular, the burst pressure and the wall thickness were measured for each tested tube.

D'Urso, G.; Longo, M.; Giardini, C. [University of Bergamo-Dept. of Design and Technologies-Italy-Viale Marconi 5, 24044 Dalmine (Italy)

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

153

California Customer Load Reductions during the Electricity Crisis: Did They  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

California Customer Load Reductions during the Electricity Crisis: Did They California Customer Load Reductions during the Electricity Crisis: Did They Help to Keep the Lights On? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: California Customer Load Reductions during the Electricity Crisis: Did They Help to Keep the Lights On? Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Socio-Economic Website: eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/49733.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/california-customer-load-reductions-d Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Mandates/Targets This report details the predicted electricity shortages and blackouts in California (summer 2001) that never occured, in part due to energy conservation measures taken on by the people of California. Intense media coverage and information campaigns about energy efficiency as well as

154

Laser ablation loading of a surface-electrode ion trap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate loading by laser ablation of $^{88}$Sr$^+$ ions into a mm-scale surface-electrode ion trap. The laser used for ablation is a pulsed, frequency-tripled Nd:YAG with pulse energies of 1-10 mJ and durations of 3-5 ns. An additional laser is not required to photoionize the ablated material. The efficiency and lifetime of several candidate materials for the laser ablation target are characterized by measuring the trapped ion fluorescence signal for a number of consecutive loads. Additionally, laser ablation is used to load traps with a trap depth (40 meV) below where electron impact ionization loading is typically successful ($\\gtrsim$ 500 meV).

David R. Leibrandt; Robert J. Clark; Jaroslaw Labaziewicz; Paul Antohi; Waseem Bakr; Kenneth R. Brown; Isaac L. Chuang

2007-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

155

Horizontal Beam Tubes - HFIR Technical Parameters | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Horizontal Beam Tubes Horizontal Beam Tubes The reactor has four horizontal beam tubes that supply the neutrons to the neutron scattering instruments. Details for each beam tube and instrument can be found on the HFIR instrument page. Each of the beam tubes that supply these instruments with neutrons is described subsequently. HB-1 and HB-3 The HB-1 and HB-3 thermal neutron beam tube designs are identical except for the length. Both are situated tangential to the reactor core so that the tubes point at reflector material and do not point directly at the fuel. An internal collimator is installed at the outboard end. This collimator is fabricated out of carbon steel and is plated with nickel. The collimator provides a 2.75-in by 5.5-in. rectangular aperture. A rotary shutter is located outboard of each of these beam tubes. The

156

Refrigerant forced-convection condensation inside horizontal tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Condensing heat transfer rates inside a horizontal tube were investigated -for large quality changes across the tube. The proposed correlation is a modification of the work of Rohsenow, Webber and Ling [29]. The result of ...

Bae, Soonhoon

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Corrosion Failure of an In-service Economizer Tube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This investigation was primarily aimed to examine the in-service failure of an economizer tube. Apart from preliminary visual examination, ... thickness hole in the weld region of the economizer tube. This water ...

H. Roy; P. Sharma; D. Ghosh; A. K. Shukla

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Delayed hydride cracking behavior for ZIRCALOY-2 tubing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The delayed hydride cracking (DHC) behavior for ZIRCALOY-2 tubing was characterized at temperatures ranging from 93 °C to 288 °C. Testing was performed on the three types of pressure tubes that were used in th...

F. H. Huang; W. J. Mills

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

A Cryogenic Infrared Calibration Target  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A compact cryogenic calibration target is presented that has a peak diffuse reflectance, $R \\le 0.003$, from $800-4,800\\,{\\rm cm}^{-1}$ $(12-2\\,\\mu$m). Upon expanding the spectral range under consideration to $400-10,000\\,{\\rm cm}^{-1}$ $(25-1\\,\\mu$m) the observed performance gracefully degrades to $R \\le 0.02$ at the band edges. In the implementation described, a high-thermal-conductivity metallic substrate is textured with a pyramidal tiling and subsequently coated with a thin lossy dielectric coating that enables high absorption and thermal uniformity across the target. The resulting target assembly is lightweight, has a low-geometric profile, and has survived repeated thermal cycling from room temperature to $\\sim4\\,$K. Basic design considerations, governing equations, and test data for realizing the structure described are provided. The optical properties of selected absorptive materials -- Acktar Fractal Black, Aeroglaze Z306, and Stycast 2850 FT epoxy loaded with stainless steel powder -- are character...

Wollack, Edward J; Rinehart, Stephan A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Demand Response: Load Management Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CenterPoint Load Management Programs CATEE Conference October, 2012 Agenda Outline I. General Demand Response Definition II. General Demand Response Program Rules III. CenterPoint Commercial Program IV. CenterPoint Residential Programs... V. Residential Discussion Points Demand Response Definition of load management per energy efficiency rule 25.181: ? Load control activities that result in a reduction in peak demand, or a shifting of energy usage from a peak to an off...

Simon, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Dynamic load balancing of applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated.

Wheat, Stephen R. (Albuquerque, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

FINAL PROJECT REPORT LOAD MODELING TRANSMISSION RESEARCH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at PSE is to collect load data for validating dynamic and approach decomposes recorded load data into different load “to continuously record load data for a selected time period

Lesieutre, Bernard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

High-Power Rf Load  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact high-power RF load comprises a series of very low Q resonators, or chokes [16], in a circular waveguide [10]. The sequence of chokes absorb the RF power gradually in a short distance while keeping the bandwidth relatively wide. A polarizer [12] at the input end of the load is provided to convert incoming TE.sub.10 mode signals to circularly polarized TE.sub.11 mode signals. Because the load operates in the circularly polarized mode, the energy is uniformly and efficiently absorbed and the load is more compact than a rectangular load. Using these techniques, a load having a bandwidth of 500 MHz can be produced with an average power dissipation level of 1.5 kW at X-band, and a peak power dissipation of 100 MW. The load can be made from common lossy materials, such as stainless steel, and is less than 15 cm in length. These techniques can also produce loads for use as an alternative to ordinary waveguide loads in small and medium RF accelerators, in radar systems, and in other microwave applications. The design is easily scalable to other RF frequencies and adaptable to the use of other lossy materials.

Tantawi, Sami G. (San Mateo, CA); Vlieks, Arnold E. (Livermore, CA)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Yield prediction for seamless tubing processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tubing process 1 Introduction Pipe products made from carbon and alloy steel are commonly used in oil and natural gas exploration and production, fluid transmission, and the construction indus- try. A market an increasing demand for seamless tubing for gas and oil production [1]. Steel tubes are made by several

Huang, Samuel H.

165

Instability characteristics of fluidelastic instability of tube rows in crossflow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental study is reported to investigate the jump phenomenon in critical flow velocities for tube rows with different pitch-to-diameter ratios and the excited and intrinsic instabilities for a tube row with a pitch-to-diameter ratio of 1.75. The experimental data provide additional insights into the instability phenomena of tube arrays in crossflow. 9 refs., 10 figs.

Chen, S.S.; Jendrzejczyk, J.A.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

ACCELERATOR TUBES H. R. McK. HYDER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACCELERATOR TUBES H. R. McK. HYDER Nuclear Physics Laboratory, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RH The characteristics and performance of accelerator tubes required by the new generation of large tandem accelerators conclusions are drawn about future progress and developments. ACCELERATOR TUBES AND INSULATORS. 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

167

Finned Tube With Vortex Generators For A Heat Exchanger.  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for and method of manufacturing a finned tube for a heat exchanger is disclosed herein. A continuous fin strip is provided with at least one pair of vortex generators. A tube is rotated and linearly displaced while the continuous fin strip with vortex generators is spirally wrapped around the tube.

Sohal, Monohar S. (Idaho Falls, ID); O'Brien, James E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

168

Magnetically attached sputter targets  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved method and assembly for attaching sputtering targets to cathode assemblies of sputtering systems which includes a magnetically permeable material is described. The magnetically permeable material is imbedded in a target base that is brazed, welded, or soldered to the sputter target, or is mechanically retained in the target material. Target attachment to the cathode is achieved by virtue of the permanent magnets and/or the pole pieces in the cathode assembly that create magnetic flux lines adjacent to the backing plate, which strongly attract the magnetically permeable material in the target assembly. 11 figures.

Makowiecki, D.M.; McKernan, M.A.

1994-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

169

Online Load Balancing for Related Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of entire schedule s as follows: load(s; i) = 1 v i X s(j)=i p j ; Load(s) = max i load(s; i) It is easyOn­line Load Balancing for Related Machines Piotr Berman \\Lambda Moses Charikar y Marek Karpinski z­line load balancing was studied extensively over the years (cf., e.g., [7], [3], [4], and [2

Karpinski, Marek

170

Source Terms for HFIR Beam Tube Shielding Analyses, and a Complete Shielding Analysis of the HB-3 Tube  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is in the midst of a massive upgrade program to enhance experimental facilities. The reactor presently has four horizontal experimental beam tubes, all of which will be replaced or redesigned. The HB-2 beam tube will be enlarged to support more guide tubes, while the HB-4 beam tube will soon include a cold neutron source.

Bucholz, J.A.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Helium-filled aluminum flight tubes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Helium-filled aluminum flight tubes. Helium-filled aluminum flight tubes. Detector housing for the CCD camera lens, mirror, and scintillator. For more information, contact Instrument Scientist: Hassina Bilheux, bilheuxhn@ornl.gov, 865.384.9630 neutrons.ornl.gov/instruments/HFIR/factsheets/Instrument-cg1d.pdf The CG-1D beam is used for neutron imaging measurements using a white beam. Apertures (with different diameters D (pinhole geometry) are used at the entrance of the helium-filled flight path to allow L/D variation from 400 to 800. L is the distance between the aperture and the detector (where the image is produced). Samples sit on a translation/ rotation stage for alignment and tomography purposes. Detectors for CG-1D include

172

Color Magnetic Flux Tubes in Dense QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

QCD is expected to be in the color-flavor locking phase in high baryon density, which exhibits color superconductivity. The most fundamental topological objects in the color superconductor are non-Abelian vortices which are topologically stable color magnetic flux tubes. We present numerical solutions of the color magnetic flux tube for diverse choices of the coupling constants. We also analytically study its asymptotic profiles and find that they are different from the case of usual superconductors. We propose the width of color magnetic fluxes and find that it is larger than naive expectation of the Compton wave length of the massive gluon when the gluon mass is larger than the scalar mass.

Minoru Eto; Muneto Nitta

2009-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

173

Color magnetic flux tubes in dense QCD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

QCD is expected to be in the color-flavor locking phase in high baryon density, which exhibits color superconductivity. The most fundamental topological objects in the color superconductor are non-Abelian vortices which are topologically stable color magnetic flux tubes. We present numerical solutions of the color magnetic flux tube for diverse choices of the coupling constants based on the Ginzburg-Landau Lagrangian. We also analytically study its asymptotic profiles and find that they are different from the case of usual superconductors. We propose the width of color magnetic fluxes and find that it is larger than naive expectation of the Compton wavelength of the massive gluon when the gluon mass is larger than the scalar mass.

Eto, Minoru [Theoretical Physics Laboratory, RIKEN, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Nitta, Muneto [Department of Physics, and Research and Education Center for Natural Sciences, Keio University, 4-1-1 Hiyoshi, Yokohama, Kanagawa 223-8521 (Japan)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

174

Coupled-cavity drift-tube linac  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A coupled-cavity drift-tube linac (CCDTL) combines features of the Alvarez drift-tube linac (DTL) and the {pi}-mode coupled-cavity linac (CCL). In one embodiment, each accelerating cavity is a two-cell, 0-mode DTL. The center-to-center distance between accelerating gaps is {beta}{lambda}, where {lambda} is the free-space wavelength of the resonant mode. Adjacent accelerating cavities have oppositely directed electric fields, alternating in phase by 180 degrees. The chain of cavities operates in a {pi}/2 structure mode so the coupling cavities are nominally unexcited. The CCDTL configuration provides an rf structure with high shunt impedance for intermediate velocity charged particles, i.e., particles with energies in the 20-200 MeV range. 5 figs.

Billen, J.H.

1996-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

175

Stable sonoluminescence within a water hammer tube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The sonoluminescence (SL) from the collapse of a single gas bubble within a liquid can be produced repetitively using an acoustic resonator. An alternative technique using a water hammer tube, producing SL from bubbles of greater size, is described here. A sealed vertical tube partly filled with a liquid and a gas at low pressure is subjected to vertical vibrations. The oscillation of the pressure within the liquid column, due to inertial forces, excites cavitation bubbles to grow and collapse. Rotation is used to confine the bubbles to the axis of the tube. Bright SL emissions were observed in a number of liquids. Repetitive emission was produced from bubbles in condensed phosphoric acid. Bubbles of 0.4mm ambient radius (containing 2×1014 xenon atoms) were excited by vibration at 35Hz. Approximately 1012 photons were emitted per collapse in the range 400–700nm (over four orders of magnitude greater than the brightest SL reported previously), corresponding to a 1% efficiency of the conversion of mechanical energy into light.

Avik Chakravarty; Theo Georghiou; Tacye E. Phillipson; Alan J. Walton

2004-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

176

Government Cuts Biofuels Targets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Government Cuts Biofuels Targets ... The Environmental Protection Agency has proposed lowering next year’s production targets for biofuels in the U.S. fuel mix—targets initially set in the Energy Independence & Security Act of 2007. ... Although the petroleum industry says the new targets still call for too much ethanol, biofuels advocates say changes to the Renewable Fuel Standard could kill the fledgling advanced biofuels industry. ...

MELODY BOMGARDNER; JEFF JOHNSON

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

177

Onset and Subsequent Transient Phenomena of Liquid Loading in Gas Wells: Experimental Investigation Using a Large Scale Flow Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was carried out to study the onset of liquid loading and the subsequent transient phenomena, using a large scale flow loop to visualize two-phase flow regimes, and to measure pressure and liquid holdup along a 42-m long vertical tube. From this investigation...

Waltrich, Paulo

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

178

Spring loaded locator pin assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention deals with spring loaded locator pins. Locator pins are sometimes referred to as captured pins. This is a mechanism which locks two items together with the pin that is spring loaded so that it drops into a locator hole on the work piece.

Groll, Todd A. (Idaho Falls, ID); White, James P. (Pocatelo, ID)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Spring loaded locator pin assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention deals with spring loaded locator pins. Locator pins are sometimes referred to as captured pins. This is a mechanism which locks two items together with the pin that is spring loaded so that it drops into a locator hole on the work piece. 5 figs.

Groll, T.A.; White, J.P.

1998-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

180

Load Forecasting of Supermarket Refrigeration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy system. Observed refrigeration load and local ambient temperature from a Danish su- permarket renewable energy, is increasing, therefore a flexible energy system is needed. In the present ThesisLoad Forecasting of Supermarket Refrigeration Lisa Buth Rasmussen Kongens Lyngby 2013 M.Sc.-2013

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

High Power Cryogenic Targets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of high power cryogenic targets for use in parity violating electron scattering has been a crucial ingredient in the success of those experiments. As we chase the precision frontier, the demands and requirements for these targets have grown accordingly. We discuss the state of the art, and describe recent developments and strategies in the design of the next generation of these targets.

Gregory Smith

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

building load | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

load load Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Source Commercial and Residential Reference Building Models Date Released April 18th, 2013 (9 months ago) Date Updated July 02nd, 2013 (7 months ago) Keywords building building demand building load Commercial data demand Energy Consumption energy data hourly kWh load profiles Residential Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

183

Segmented lasing tube for high temperature laser assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high temperature laser assembly capable of withstanding operating temperatures in excess of 1500.degree. C. is described comprising a segmented cylindrical ceramic lasing tube having a plurality of cylindrical ceramic lasing tube segments of the same inner and outer diameters non-rigidly joined together in axial alignment; insulation of uniform thickness surround the walls of the ceramic lasing tube; a ceramic casing, preferably of quartz, surrounding the insulation; and a fluid cooled metal jacket surrounds the ceramic casing. In a preferred embodiment, the inner surface of each of the ceramic lasing tube segments are provided with a pair of oppositely spaced grooves in the wall thereof parallel to the center axis of the segmented cylindrical ceramic lasing tube, and both of the grooves and the center axis of the segmented cylindrical ceramic lasing tube lie in a common plane, with the grooves in each ceramic lasing tube segment in circumferential alignment with the grooves in the adjoining ceramic lasing tube segments; and one or more ceramic plates, all lying in a common plane to one another and with the central axis of the segmented ceramic lasing tube, are received in the grooves to provide additional wall area in the segmented ceramic lasing tube for collision and return to ground state of metastable metal atoms within the segmented ceramic lasing tube.

Sawicki, Richard H. (Danville, CA); Alger, Terry W. (Tracy, CA); Finucane, Raymond G. (Pleasanton, CA); Hall, Jerome P. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Guided wave acoustic monitoring of corrosion in recovery boiler tubing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Corrosion of tubing used in black-liquor recovery boilers is a major concern in all pulp and paper mills. Extensive corrosion in recovery boiler tubes can result in a significant safety and environmental hazard. Considerable plant resources are expended to inspect recovery boiler tubing. Currently, visual and ultrasonic inspections are primarily used during the annual maintenance shutdown to monitor corrosion rates and cracking of tubing. This Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technologies project is developing guided acoustic waves for use on recovery boiler tubing. The feature of this acoustic technique is its cost-effectiveness in inspecting long lengths of tubes from a single inspection point. A piezoelectric or electromagnetic transducer induces guided waves into the tubes. The transducer detects fireside defects from the coldside or fireside of the tube. Cracking and thinning on recovery boiler tubes have been detected with this technique in both laboratory and field applications. This technique appears very promising for recovery boiler tube application, potentially expediting annual inspection of tube integrity.

Quarry, M J; Chinn, D J

2004-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

185

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 7: Supplemental Load Reduction  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7: Supplemental Load 7: Supplemental Load Reduction Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

186

Single-tube thermal and hydraulic tube support test. Volume 2. Appendixes. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The work described in this report (volumes 1 and 2) was an experimental project to measure the inception and extent of dryout or liquid deficient heat transfer and chemical precipitation in presently used steam generator tube-tube support geometries and modified geometries. Since chemical precipitation or concentration may lead to corrosion, this program was planned to find the dependence of dryout and chemical precipitation on geometry, heat flux and fluid conditions. It was found that dryout depended principally on tube support geometry and heat flux. There was little dependence on flow rate, quality and pressure. It was found that certain tube support geometries could produce local dryout which in turn could permit significant chemical concentration. Chemical concentration was not found in the tube support geometries not exhibiting dryout. The interrelationship between the heat and mass transfer processes in the crevices was further demonstrated by comparing the results of an analytic model for predicting the shape of the liquid-vapor interface to the outline of a precipitate pattern resulting from chemical concentration.

Curlee, N.J. Jr.; Baum, A.J.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Single-tube thermal and hydraulic tube support test. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The work described in this report (volumes 1 and 2) was an experimental project to measure the inception and extent of dryout or liquid deficient heat transfer and chemical precipitation in presently used steam generator tube-tube support geometries and modified geometries. Since chemical precipitation or concentration may lead to corrosion this program was planned to find the dependence of dryout and chemical precipitation on geometry, heat flux and fluid conditions. It was found that dryout depended principally on tube support geometry and heat flux. There was little dependence on flow rate, quality and pressure. It was found that certain tube support geometries could produce local dryout which in turn could permit significant chemical concentration. Chemical concentration was not found in tube support geometries not exhibiting dryout. The interrelationship between the heat and mass transfer processes in the crevices was further demonstrated by comparing the results of an analytic model for predicting the shape of the liquid vapor interface to the outline of a precipitate pattern resulting from chemical concentration.

Curlee, N.J. Jr.; Baum, A.J.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Observation of ionization fronts in low density foam targets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ionization fronts have been observed in low density chlorinated foam targets and low density foams confined in gold tubes using time resolved {ital K}-shell absorption spectroscopy. The front was driven by an intense pulse of soft x-rays produced by high power laser irradiation. The density and temperature profiles inferred from the radiographs provided detailed measurement of the conditions. The experimental data were compared to radiation hydrodynamics simulations and reasonable agreement was obtained. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

Hoarty, D. [Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London (United Kingdom)] [Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London (United Kingdom); [Radiation Physics Department, AWE Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire (United Kingdom); Willi, O.; Barringer, L.; Vickers, C. [Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London (United Kingdom)] [Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London (United Kingdom); Watt, R. [P24, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [P24, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Nazarov, W. [Chemistry Department, University of Dundee (United Kingdom)] [Chemistry Department, University of Dundee (United Kingdom)

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

load data | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

51 51 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142234851 Varnish cache server load data Home Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 17 May, 2013 - 12:03 Commercial and Residential Hourly Load Data Now Available on OpenEI! building load building load data commercial load data dataset datasets electric load data load data load profile OpenEI residential load TMY3 United States Load data Image source: NREL Files: application/zip icon System Advisor Model Tool for Downloading Load Data

190

Electrical and Production Load Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Texas Abstract Load factors and operating hours of small and medium-sized industrial plants are analyzed to classify shift-work patterns and develop energy conservation diagnostic tools. This paper discusses two types of electric load factors... for each shift classification within major industry groups. The load factor based on billing hours (ELF) increases with operating hours from about 0.4 for a nominal one shift operation, to about 0.7 for around-the-clock operation. On the other hand...

Sen, T.; Heffington, W. M.

191

Effects of grids in drift tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2011, we upgraded a 201 MHz buncher in the proton injector for the alternating gradient synchrotron (AGS) - relativistic heavy ion collider (RHIC) complex. In the buncher we installed four grids made of tungsten to improve the transit time factor. The grid installed drift tubes have 32 mm of inner diameter and the each grid consists of four quadrants. The quadrants were cut out precisely from 1mm thick tungsten plates by a computerized numerically controlled (CNC) wire cutting electrical discharge machining (EDM). The 3D electric field of the grid was simulated.

Okamura M.; Yamauchi, H.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

192

Drift Tube Linac Conditioning of Tank1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tank1 of the Drift Tube Linac (DTL) of the Linac4 has been conditioned at the Linac4 tunnel. The tank was tuned for resonance at 352.2 MHz, and stable operation has been achieved with 725 µs long RF pulses at a repetition rate of 1 Hz. The maximum RF level that has been reached is 810 kW with a pulse width of 600 µs. Since this was the first RF structure exclusively conditioned in the Linac4 tunnel with the operation and control software of Linac4, some related issues and limitations had to be taken into account.

Shafqat, N; Toor, W A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Sound Coiled-Tubing Drilling Practices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Coiled-Tubing Drilling (CTD) Sound Practices Manual provides tools needed by CTD engineers and supervisors to plan, design and perform safe, successful CTD operations. As emphasized throughout, both careful planning and attention to detail are mandatory for success. A bibliography of many useful CTD references is presented in Chapter 6. This manual is organized according to three processes: 1) Pre-Job Planning Process, 2) Operations Execution Process, and 3) Post-Job Review Process. Each is discussed in a logical and sequential format.

Williams, Thomas; Deskins, Greg (Maurer Technology Inc.); Ward, Stephen L. (Advantage Energy Services Ltd); Hightower, Mel

2001-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

194

Pollen Tubes Lacking a Pair of K+ Transporters Fail to Target Ovules in Arabidopsis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...chx21 +/) 1:1 62:54 a WTi chx21-2 chx23-4+/ chx23...chx23 +/) 1:1 60:53 a WTi chx21-2+/ chx23-4 chx21...chx23 3:5:2 Hygr 28:63:23 a WTi refers to a male-sterile mutant (At5g42650...

Yongxian Lu; Salil Chanroj; Lalu Zulkifli; Mark A. Johnson; Nobuyuki Uozumi; Alice Cheung; Heven Sze

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

195

A unified model to describe the anisotropic viscoplastic behavior of Zircaloy-4 cladding tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the constitutive equations of a unified viscoplastic model and its validation with experimental data. The mechanical tests were carried out in a temperature range of 20 to 400 C on both cold-worked stress-relieved and fully annealed Zircaloy-4 tubes. Although their geometry (14.3 by 1.2 mm) is different, the crystallographic texture was close to that expected in the cladding tubes. To characterize the anisotropy, mechanical tests were performed under both monotonic and cyclic uni- and bi-directional loadings, i.e., tension-compression, tension-torsion, and tension-internal pressure tests. The results obtained at ambient temperatures and the independence of the ratio R{sup p} = {var_epsilon}{sub {theta}{theta}}{sup p}/{var_epsilon}{sub zz}{sup p}, with respect to temperature would seem to indicate that the set of anisotropy coefficients does not depend on temperature. Zircaloy-4 material also has a slight supplementary hardening during out-of-phase cyclic loading. The authors propose to extend the formulation of a unified viscoplastic model, developed and identified elsewhere for other initially isotropic materials, to the case of Zircaloy-4. Generally speaking, anisotropy is introduced through fourth order tensors affecting the flow directions, the linear kinematical hardening components, as well as the dynamic and static recoveries of the forementioned hardening variables. The ability of the model to describe all the mechanical properties of the material is shown. The application of the model to simulate mechanical tests (tension, creep, and relaxation) performed on true CWSR Zircaloy-4 cladding tubes with low tin content is also presented.

Delobelle, P.; Robinet, P. [CNRS, Besancon (France). Lab. de Mecanique Appliquee R. Chaleat; Bouffioux, P.; Geyer, P.; Pichon, I. Le [Electricite de France, Moret/Loing (France). Direction des Etudes et Recherches

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Coiled tubing as initial production tubing: An overview of case histories  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From Jan. 1993 through Feb. 1995 Marathon Oil Co. completed 23 newly drilled gas wells with coiled tubing as the initial production string. This paper reviews operational aspects of representative jobs, summarizes areas where improvements in equipment and technique were implemented, and addresses cost and productivity benefits of rigless completions. A summary of lessons learned is also included.

Nirider, H.L.; Snider, P.M.; Walsh, K.D.; Williams, J.D. [Marathon Oil Co., Houston, TX (United States); Cordera, J.R.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

MHK Technologies/Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Checkmate SeaEnergy Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4 Proof of Concept Technology Description Anaconda uses a large water filled distensible rubber tube floating just beneath the ocean surface and oriented parallel to wave direction As a wave passes the bulge tube is lifted with the surrounding water and this causes a bulge wave to be excited which then passes down the tubes walls gathering energy from the ocean wave as it passes By matching the speed of the bulge wave to that of the sea wave resonance is achieved and high power capture becomes possible The bulge waves are then used to drive a turbine generator located at the stern of the device

198

Stress Assisted Corrosion in Boiler Tubes - Failure Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stress assisted corrosion (SAC) of carbon steel boiler tubes is one of the major causes of waterside failure in industrial boilers. SAC is a major concern for kraft recovery boilers in the pulp and paper industry as any water leak into the furnace can cause a smelt-water explosion in the boiler. Failed carbon steel boiler tubes from different kraft recovery boilers were examined to understand the role of carbon steel microstructure on crack initiation and SAC crack morphology. A number of carbon steel tubes showed a deep decarburized layer on the inner surface (water-touched) and also an unusually large grain size at the inner tube surface. SAC cracks were found to initiate in these areas with large-graineddecarburized microstructure. Tubes without such microstructure were also found to have SAC cracks. It was found that the decarburization and large grained microstructure may facilitate initiation and growth but is not necessary for SAC of carbon steel boiler tubes.

Singh, Preet M [Georgia Institute of Technology; Pawel, Steven J [ORNL; Yang, Dong [Georgia Institute of Technology; Mahmood, Jamshad [Georgia Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Dynamics of Magnetized Vortex Tubes in the Solar Chromosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use 3D radiative MHD simulations to investigate the formation and dynamics of small-scale (less than 0.5 Mm in diameter) vortex tubes spontaneously generated by turbulent convection in quiet-Sun regions with initially weak mean magnetic fields. The results show that the vortex tubes penetrate into the chromosphere and substantially affect the structure and dynamics of the solar atmosphere. The vortex tubes are mostly concentrated in intergranular lanes and are characterized by strong (near sonic) downflows and swirling motions that capture and twist magnetic field lines, forming magnetic flux tubes that expand with height and which attain magnetic field strengths ranging from 200 G in the chromosphere to more than 1 kG in the photosphere. We investigate in detail the physical properties of these vortex tubes, including thermodynamic properties, flow dynamics, and kinetic and current helicities, and conclude that magnetized vortex tubes provide an important path for energy and momentum transfer from the con...

Kitiashvili, I N; Mansour, N N; Wray, A A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Targeting the tumor microenvironment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite some notable successes cancer remains, for the most part, a seemingly intractable problem. There is, however, a growing appreciation that targeting the tumor epithelium in isolation is not sufficient as there is an intricate mutually sustaining synergy between the tumor epithelial cells and their surrounding stroma. As the details of this dialogue emerge, new therapeutic targets have been proposed. The FDA has already approved drugs targeting microenvironmental components such as VEGF and aromatase and many more agents are in the pipeline. In this article, we describe some of the 'druggable' targets and processes within the tumor microenvironment and review the approaches being taken to disrupt these interactions.

Kenny, P.A.; Lee, G.Y.; Bissell, M.J.

2006-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Advanced Target Effects Modeling  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

modeling of NDCX-II experiments include certain lower temper- ature effects, e.g., surface tension and target fragmentation, that are not generally present in extreme...

202

In the Target Area  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hohlraum This artist's rendering shows a NIF target pellet inside a hohlraum capsule with laser beams entering through openings on either end. The beams compress and heat the...

203

Casimir effect in hemisphere capped tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we investigate the vacuum densities for a massive scalar field with general curvature coupling in background of a (2+1)-dimensional spacetime corresponding to a cylindrical tube with a hemispherical cap. A complete set of mode functions is constructed and the positive-frequency Wightman function is evaluated for both the cylindrical and hemispherical subspaces. On the base of this, the vacuum expectation values of the field squared and energy-momentum tensor are investigated. The mean field squared and the normal stress are finite on the boundary separating two subspaces, whereas the energy density and the parallel stress diverge as the inverse power of the distance from the boundary. For a conformally coupled field, the vacuum energy density is negative on the cylindrical part of the space. On the hemisphere, it is negative near the top and positive close to the boundary. In the case of minimal coupling the energy density on the cup is negative. On the tube it is positive near the boundary and negative at large distances. Though the geometries of the subspaces are different, the Casimir pressures on the separate sides of the boundary are equal and the net Casimir force vanishes. The results obtained may be applied to capped carbon nanotubes described by an effective field theory in the long-wavelength approximation.

E. R. Bezerra de Mello; A. A. Saharian

2014-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

204

Funnel for fuel pin loading system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An enlarged funnel is releasably mounted at the open end of a length of cladding by an encircling length of shrink tubing which securely engages outer surfaces of both the funnel and cladding. The shrink tubing overlaps an annular shoulder against which pulling force can be exerted to remove the tubing from the cladding. The shoulder can be provided on a separate collar or ring, or on the funnel itself.

Christiansen, David W. (Kennewick, WA); Steffen, Jim M. (Richland, WA); Brown, William F. (West Richland, WA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Local Heat Transfer for Finned-Tube Heat Exchangers using Oval Tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of an experimental study of forced convection heat transfer in a narrow rectangular duct fitted with either a circular tube or an elliptical tube in crossflow. The duct was designed to simulate a single passage in a fin-tube heat exchanger. Heat transfer measurements were obtained using a transient technique in which a heated airflow is suddenly introduced to the test section. High-resolution local fin-surface temperature distributions were obtained at several times after initiation of the transient using an imaging infrared camera. Corresponding local fin-surface heat transfer coefficient distributions were then calculated from a locally applied one-dimensional semi-infinite inverse heat conduction model. Heat transfer results were obtained over an airflow rate ranging from 1.56 x 10-3 to 15.6 x 10-3 kg/s. These flow rates correspond to a duct-height Reynolds number range of 630 – 6300 with a duct height of 1.106 cm and a duct width-toheight ratio, W/H, of 11.25. The test cylinder was sized such that the diameter-to-duct height ratio, D/H is 5. The elliptical tube had an aspect ratio of 3:1 and a/H equal to 4.33. Results presented in this paper reveal visual and quantitative details of local fin-surface heat transfer distributions in the vicinity of circular and oval tubes and their relationship to the complex horseshoe vortex system that forms in the flow stagnation region. Fin surface stagnation-region Nusselt numbers are shown to be proportional to the square-root of Reynolds number.

O'Brien, James Edward; Sohal, Manohar Singh

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Experimental Study of A Solar-Powered Adsorption Cooling Tube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The operating principle of this solar cooling tube, which consists of four major components, a solar collector, an adsorbent bed, a condenser, and an evaporator all in one glass tube, is also presented. ... Inserted into the chilling water tank, the evaporator of the solar cooling tube was used to collect the refrigeration capacity produced by the evaporation of the refrigerant at night. ... The experimental setup was mounted facing south at an angle of 30° from the horizontal on a steel shelf. ...

Xiaodong Ma; Zhenyan Liu; Huizhong Zhao

2006-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

207

electric load data | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

load data Home Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 17 May, 2013 - 12:03 Commercial and Residential Hourly Load Data Now Available on OpenEI building load building...

208

FINAL PROJECT REPORT LOAD MODELING TRANSMISSION RESEARCH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bulk System Load  Model in GE PSLF TM for Investigating the a Bulk System Load Model in GE PSLF TM for Investigating thecomposite load model in  the PSLF simulation software; the 

Lesieutre, Bernard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Plasma-flash radiography utilizing a molybdenum target in dentistry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The construction and the radiographic characteristics of a plasma flash x-ray generator having a molybdenum-target (anode tip) triode are described. This generator was primarily designed in order to perform soft radiography in dental medicine and employed the following essential components: a high-voltage power supply, a low-impedance coaxial transmission line with a gap switch, a coaxial oil condenser of 0.2 {micro}F, a turbo-molecular pump, a Krytron pulser as a trigger device, and a flash x-ray tube. The high-voltage main condenser of 0.2 {micro}F was charged from 40 to 60 kV by the power supply, and the electric charges in the condenser were discharged to the tube after closing the gap switch. Because this tube employed a long target, the plasma x-ray source which consists of molybdenum ions and electrons was easily produced by the target evaporating. The maximum tube voltage was nearly equivalent to the initial charging voltage of the main condenser, and the maximum current had a value of about 25 kA with a charging voltage of 60 kV. The average width of flash x rays was less than 1 {micro}s, and the time-integrated x-ray intensity with a charging voltage of 60 kV was approximately 20 {micro}C/kg at 1.0 m per pulse. The characteristic K-series intensity substantially increased according to increases in the charging voltage. High-speed dental radiography was performed by using a laser timing switch and a trigger-delay device.

Yamamoto, Mariko; Takabe, Akihito; Sakamaki, Kimio [Iwate Medical Univ., Morioka (Japan). Dept. of Dental Radiology] [and others

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

210

Residual Strain Distribution in Bent Composite Boiler Tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Kraft recovery boilers are typically constructed of carbon steel boiler tubes clad with a corrosion resistant layer, and these composite tubes are bent and welded together to form air port panels which enable the combustion air to enter the boiler. In this paper, the through-thickness residual strain in the carbon steel layer of non-heat-treated and heat-treated composite bent tubes were measured by neutron diffraction techniques and modeled by finite element modeling. The results can be used to optimize material selection and manufacturing processes to prevent stress corrosion and corrosion fatigue cracking in the boiler tubes.

Hubbard, Camden R [ORNL; Gorti, Sarma B [ORNL; Tang, Fei [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Thermal Performance of a Double-Tube Type Lng Vaporizer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This report concerns the confirmed test results and method of analysis of the thermal performance of a double-tube type LNG vaporizer (DTV). The DTV is a...

Y. Miyata; T. Miura; S. Kasahara; H. Shohtani…

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Fracture analysis of HFIR beam tube caused by radiation embrittlement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With an attempt to estimate the neutron beam tube embrittlement condition for the Oak Ridge High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), fracture mechanics calculations are carried out in this paper. The analysis provides some numerical result on how the tube has been structurally weakened. In this calculation, a lateral impact force is assumed. Numerical result is obtained on how much the critical crack size should be reduced if the beam tube has been subjected to an extended period of irradiation. It is also calculated that buckling strength of the tube is increased, not decreased, with irradiation.

Chang, S.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Research Reactors Div.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

213

Penetrameter positioner for bore-side radiography of tubes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A positioner is provided for placing plaque or wire penetrameters, as used in radiographic inspection, in close proximity with the inner wall of tubing at any desired location along the tubing. The positioner head carrying the penetrameter is inflatable whereby it is positioned in tte deflated condition, inflated to place the penetrameter against a weld to be inspected in the tubing wall, and then deflated during removal. If desired, the penetrameter holder may be used to center the radiographic source on the axis of the tube.

Davis, E.V.; Foster, B.E.

1980-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

214

Failure of extruded magnesium alloy tubes during hydroforming.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Research is currently being conducted on the feasibility of hydroforming extruded magnesium tubes to integrate multiple parts into a single hydroformed section. Among other advantages,… (more)

Hiscocks, Jessica.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Analysis of composite tube cracking in recovery boiler floors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cracking of co-extruded (generally identified as composite) floor tubes in kraft black liquor recovery boilers was first observed in Scandinavia, but this problem has now been found in many North American boilers. In most cases, cracking in the outer 304L stainless steel has not progressed into the carbon steel, but the potential for such crack propagation is a cause of concern. A multidimensional study has been initiated to characterize the cracking seen in composite floor tubes, to measure the residual stresses resulting from composite tube fabrication, and to predict the stresses in tubes under operating conditions. The characterization studies include review of available reports and documents on composite tube cracking, metallographic examination of a substantial number of cracked tubes, and evaluation of the dislocation structure in cracked tubes. Neutron and X-ray diffraction are being used to determine the residual stresses in composite tubes from two major manufacturers, and finite element analysis is being used to predict the stresses in the tubes during normal operation and under conditions where thermal fluctuations occur.

Keiser, J.R.; Taljat, B.; Wang, X.L.; Maziasz, P.J.; Hubbard, C.R.; Swindeman, R.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Singbeil, D.L.; Prescott, R. [Pulp and Paper Research Inst. of Canada, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Energy Separation And Lox Separation Studies In Vortex Tubes.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Vortex Tube (VT) is a simple device having no moving mechanical parts, in which compressed gas at high pressure is injected through one or more… (more)

Behera, Upendra

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Determining Electric Motor Load and Efficiency  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

To compare the operating costs of an existing standard motor with an appropriately-sized energy-efficient replacement, you need to determine operating hours, efficiency improvement values, and load. Part-load is a term used to describe the actual load served by the motor as compared to the rated full-load capability of the motor. Motor part-loads may be estimated through using input power, amperage, or speed measurements. This fact sheet briefly discusses several load estimation techniques.

218

Influence of loading rate on axially loaded piles in clay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Haas and Saxe Yong and Japp. Arulanandan and Shen 4 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 4 5 5 6 6 13 13 21 21 22 22 23 23 24 24 Ladd, Hi11iams, Connell and Edgars Berre and Bjerrum. Stevenson. King Vaid and Campanella. Lacasse. Rigqins. CHAPTER V... of the Gain in Strength versus Shearing Rate Plots 4. Select Regression, PI, LI, W, SO(REF) 76 Cases for 152 Laboratory Tests 5. Collected Data for Pile Load Test Results. 6. Data Set References for Pile Load Tests. Page 14 36 54 61 7. Semi...

Garland Ponce, Enrique Eduardo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

219

V-203: HP LoadRunner Multiple Bugs Let Remote Users Deny Service and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3: HP LoadRunner Multiple Bugs Let Remote Users Deny Service 3: HP LoadRunner Multiple Bugs Let Remote Users Deny Service and Execute Arbitrary Code V-203: HP LoadRunner Multiple Bugs Let Remote Users Deny Service and Execute Arbitrary Code July 26, 2013 - 3:31am Addthis PROBLEM: A remote user can execute arbitrary code on the target system. A remote user can cause denial of service conditions. PLATFORM: HP LoadRunner prior to 11.52 ABSTRACT: Multiple vulnerabilities were reported in HP LoadRunner. REFERENCE LINKS: Security Tracker Alert ID: 1028833 CVE-2013-2368 CVE-2013-2369 CVE-2013-2370 CVE-2013-4797 CVE-2013-4798 CVE-2013-4799 CVE-2013-4800 CVE-2013-4801 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: Potential security vulnerabilities have been identified with HP LoadRunner. The vulnerabilities could be remotely exploited to allow execution of code

220

Cooling load design tool for UFAD systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Underfloor Air Distribution (UFAD) Design Guide. Atlanta:Load Design Tool for Underfloor Air Distribution Systems. ”for design cooling loads in underfloor air distribution (

Bauman, Fred; Schiavon, Stefano; Webster, Tom; Lee, Kwang Ho

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Self-aligning biaxial load frame  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An self-aligning biaxial loading apparatus for use in testing the strength of specimens while maintaining a constant specimen centroid during the loading operation. The self-aligning biaxial loading apparatus consists of a load frame and two load assemblies for imparting two independent perpendicular forces upon a test specimen. The constant test specimen centroid is maintained by providing elements for linear motion of the load frame relative to a fixed crosshead, and by alignment and linear motion elements of one load assembly relative to the load frame.

Ward, Michael B. (Idaho Falls, ID); Epstein, Jonathan S. (Idaho Falls, ID); Lloyd, W. Randolph (Idaho Falls, ID)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Self-aligning biaxial load frame  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An self-aligning biaxial loading apparatus for use in testing the strength of specimens while maintaining a constant specimen centroid during the loading operation. The self-aligning biaxial loading apparatus consists of a load frame and two load assemblies for imparting two independent perpendicular forces upon a test specimen. The constant test specimen centroid is maintained by providing elements for linear motion of the load frame relative to a fixed cross head, and by alignment and linear motion elements of one load assembly relative to the load frame. 3 figures.

Ward, M.B.; Epstein, J.S.; Lloyd, W.R.

1994-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

223

Peak load management: Potential options  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report reviews options that may be alternatives to transmission construction (ATT) applicable both generally and at specific locations in the service area of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Some of these options have potential as specific alternatives to the Shelton-Fairmount 230-kV Reinforcement Project, which is the focus of this study. A listing of 31 peak load management (PLM) options is included. Estimated costs and normalized hourly load shapes, corresponding to the respective base load and controlled load cases, are considered for 15 of the above options. A summary page is presented for each of these options, grouped with respect to its applicability in the residential, commercial, industrial, and agricultural sectors. The report contains comments on PLM measures for which load shape management characteristics are not yet available. These comments address the potential relevance of the options and the possible difficulty that may be encountered in characterizing their value should be of interest in this investigation. The report also identifies options that could improve the efficiency of the three customer utility distribution systems supplied by the Shelton-Fairmount Reinforcement Project. Potential cogeneration options in the Olympic Peninsula are also discussed. These discussions focus on the options that appear to be most promising on the Olympic Peninsula. Finally, a short list of options is recommended for investigation in the next phase of this study. 9 refs., 24 tabs.

Englin, J.E.; De Steese, J.G.; Schultz, R.W.; Kellogg, M.A.

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Flash photolysis-shock tube studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Even though this project in the past has concentrated on the measurement of thermal bimolecular reactions of atomic species with stable molecules by the flash or laser photolysis-shock tube (FP- or LP-ST) method using atomic resonance absorption spectrometry (ARAS) as the diagnostic technique, during the past year the authors have concentrated on studies of the thermal decompositions of selected chlorocarbon molecules. These studies are necessary if the degradation of chlorine containing organic molecules by incineration are to be understood at the molecular level. Clearly, destruction of these molecules will not only involve abstraction reactions, when possible, but also thermal decomposition followed by secondary reactions of the initially formed atoms and radicals. Studies on the thermal decomposition of CH{sub 3}Cl are complete, and the curve-of-growth for Cl-atom atomic resonance absorption has been determined. The new thermal decomposition studies are similar to those already reported for CH{sub 3}Cl.

Michael, J.V. [Argonne National Laboratory, IL (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

A simple system for remote processing and delivery of H{sub 2}[{sup 15}O] produced from a N{sub 2}/H{sub 2} target  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The N{sub 2} + H{sub 2} target can produce more than enough H{sub 2}[{sup 15}O] to meet the demands of any PET imaging facility. We have shown that the radiotracer can be transported across 300 feet of tubing without significant loss of activity, using fast tows of target gas. Thus, there is no need to maintain an extraneous chemical Processing station at the PET imaging facility. A simple remotely operated system is reported that performs the three step operation for H{sub 2}[{sup 15}O] delivery at the PET imaging facility: collection of the radiotracer in water; removal of ammonia from the preparation and delivery of the radiotracer to the injection syringe. The system can process and make available for injection 100 mCi of H{sub 2}[{sup 15}O]. The machine is easily prepped for subsequent deliveries. So that additional doses of radiotracer can be made available within 12 minutes. A general syringe loading device with remote hydraulic injector is that is compatible for use with any H{sub 2}[{sup 15}O] radiotracer processing station. The device allows for direct measurement of syringe dose while filling, and for easy, as well as safe transfer of the injection syringe assembly to a delivery cart that houses the remote hydraulic injector. The injection syringe is never handled directly during transport nor during injection except, to connect it to the intravenous line, thus minimizing radiation exposure to personnel.

Ferrieri, R.A.; Alexoff, D.L.; Schlyer, D.L.; Wolf, A.P.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

226

Thermal Control Techniques for Improved DT Layering of Indirect Drive IFE Targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermal Control Techniques for Improved DT Layering of Indirect Drive IFE Targets J. E. Pulsifer, M while they are being staged for feeding to the injection system. Successful layering requires the filled capsule depends upon the thermal properties of the tube material, the capsule material

Tillack, Mark

227

Thermal-hydraulic design of the target/blanket for the accelerator production of tritium conceptual design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A conceptual design was developed for the target/blanket system of an accelerator-based system to produce tritium. The target/blanket system uses clad tungsten rods for a spallation target and clad lead rods as a neutron multiplier in a blanket surrounding the target. The neutrons produce tritium in {sup 3}He, which is contained in aluminum tubes located in the decoupler and blanket regions. This paper presents the thermal-hydraulic design of the target, decoupler, and blanket developed for the conceptual design of the Accelerator Production of Tritium Project, and demonstrates there is adequate margin in the design at full power operation.

Willcutt, G.J.E. Jr.; Kapernick, R.J.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Erosion of heat exchanger tubes in fluidized beds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This final report describes the activities of the 3-year project entitled Erosion of Heat Exchanger Tubes In Fluidized Beds.'' which was completed at the end of 1990. Project accomplishments include the collection of a substantial body of wear data In a 24in. [times] 24in. fluidized bed, comparative wear results In a 6in. [times] 6in. fluidized bed, the development of a dragometer and the collection of a comprehensive set of drag force data in the 24in. [times] 24in. bed, Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) analysis of bubble probe data to establish dominant bubble frequencies in the 24in. [times] 24in. bed, the use of a heat flux gauge for measurement of heat transfer coefficients in the 24in. [times] 24in. bed and the modeling of the tube wear in the 24in. [times] 24in. bed. Analysis of the wear data from the 24in. square bed indicates that tube wear increases with increase in superficial velocity, and with increase in tube height. The latter effect is a result of the tubes higher up in the bed seeing greater movement of dense phase than tubes lower down In the bed. In addition, tube wear was found to decrease with increase in particle size, for constant superficial velocity. Three models of tube wear were formulated and provided acceptable prediction of wear when compared with the experimental data.

Johnson, E.K.; Flemmer, R.L.C.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Waterside Stress Assisted Corrosion (SAC) of Boiler Tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Waterside Stress Assisted Corrosion (SAC) of Boiler Tubes School of Materials Science Boiler Areas Susceptible to SAC · Generally SAC initiates near weld joints on cold side of tubes · SAC cracks are difficult to detect inaccessibility · Failures Detected at Various Locations in Boilers

Das, Suman

230

Gaseous Detonation-Driven Fracture of Tubes Tong Wa Chao  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gaseous Detonation-Driven Fracture of Tubes Thesis by Tong Wa Chao In Partial Fulfillment An experimental investigation of fracture response of aluminum 6061-T6 tubes under internal gaseous detonation on the detonation velocity, strain history, blast pressure from the crack opening, and crack speeds. The curved

231

Drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure relates to a drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators. The system comprises a series of box-sections girders independently adjustably mounted on a linear accelerator. A plurality of drift tube holding stems are individually adjustably mounted on each girder.

Liska, Donald J. (Los Alamos, NM); Schamaun, Roger G. (Los Alamos, NM); Clark, Donald C. (Los Alamos, NM); Potter, R. Christopher (Los Alamos, NM); Frank, Joseph A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

LinkedTube: semantic information on web media objects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

LinkedTube is a service to create semantic and non-semantic relationships between videos available on services on the Internet (such as YouTube) and external elements (such as Wikipedia, Internet Movie Database, DBPedia, etc). The relationships are defined ... Keywords: metadata, multimedia, semantic web

Carlos Eduardo C. F. Batista; Daniel Schwabe

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure relates to a drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators. The system comprises a series of box-sections girders independently adjustably mounted on a linear accelerator. A plurality of drift tube holding stems are individually adjustably mounted on each girder.

Liska, D.J.; Schamaun, R.G.; Clark, D.C.; Potter, R.C.; Frank, J.A.

1980-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

234

Variable-energy drift-tube linear accelerator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A linear accelerator system includes a plurality of post-coupled drift-tubes wherein each post coupler is bistably positionable to either of two positions which result in different field distributions. With binary control over a plurality of post couplers, a significant accumlative effect in the resulting field distribution is achieved yielding a variable-energy drift-tube linear accelerator.

Swenson, Donald A. (Los Alamos, NM); Boyd, Jr., Thomas J. (Los Alamos, NM); Potter, James M. (Los Alamos, NM); Stovall, James E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

ORCHARD BEE NESTING MATERIALS ACE PAPER TUBE CORPORATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORCHARD BEE NESTING MATERIALS ACE PAPER TUBE CORPORATION Nesting Tubes 4918 Denison Ave., Cleveland, Ohio 44102 Tel: 216-961-0250 Mason Bees and Nesting Supplies 21323 232nd St. SE, Monroe, Washington 98272-8982 Fax: 206-820-8037 E-mail: easugden@msn.com MAXTEK Nest Blocks Chuck McSween Tel: 425

236

Calculating limits for torsion and tensile loads on drill pipe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Drill pipe used for drilling horizontal and extended reach holes experiences much higher torsional and tensile loads than normally seen while drilling vertical holes. This is particularly true for rigs with top drives vs. rigs with rotary tables. When pipe is rotated while pulling out of the hole, which is commonly done on top drive rigs, the drill pipe can experience high tensile and torsional loading simultaneously. These conditions increase the probability of overload on tool joints and require that the drill pipe and tool joint selection process include consideration of combined loading. Calculating the required drill pipe strength for vertical holes is straightforward and spelled out in Section 5 of API RP7G. In vertical hole applications, pipe is almost always selected for its tensile capacity and the torsional strength of the pipe generally does not require special consideration. In Section 4 of API Sec 7, API recommends that the tool joints have a torsional strength of 80% of the pipe`s torsional strength; this is usually adequate. The torsional strength and tensile strength of commonly used drill pipe and tool joint combinations are tabulated in Tables 2 through 10 of API RP7G. Appendix A.8.3 in API RP7G shows a method for plotting a graphical representation of the combined torsional and tensile operational limits of tool joints. How to calculate the limits of the drill pipe tube is shown in Appendix A.9.2. This paper defines terms and limits, and discusses building and using a diagram to determine safe loads.

Bailey, E.I. [Stress Engineering Service Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Smith, J.E. [Grant Prideco, Houston, TX (United States)

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Cosmic R-string, R-tube and Vacuum Instability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that a cosmic string associated with spontaneous $U(1)_R$ symmetry breaking gives a constraint for supersymmetric model building. In some models, the string can be viewed as a tube-like domain wall with a winding number interpolating a false vacuum and a true vacuum. Such string causes inhomogeneous decay of the false vacuum to the true vacuum via rapid expansion of the radius of the tube and hence its formation would be inconsistent with the present Universe. However, we demonstrate that there exist metastable solutions which do not expand rapidly. Furthermore, when the true vacua are degenerate, the structure inside the tube becomes involved. As an example, we show a "bamboo"-like solution, which suggests a possibility observing an information of true vacua from outside of the tube through the shape and the tension of the tube.

Minoru Eto; Yuta Hamada; Kohei Kamada; Tatsuo Kobayashi; Keisuke Ohashi; Yutaka Ookouchi

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

238

Heavy wall production tubing design for special alloy steels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Critical wells require a comprehensive design philosophy for downhole tubulars. This paper describes novel design techniques used on four key tasks in tubing design common to all severe service wells: Material Selection, Sizing the Tubing, Threaded Connector Qualification, Field Installation Planning. The in-depth engineering approach applies stringent material and threaded connector qualification with new tubing sizing methods and thorough installation planning. Standard tubing sizing methods are unacceptable due to conservatism with respect to erosional velocity and inaccuracy with respect to stress analysis. Proper stress analysis of alloys requires consideration of triaxial stress, anisotropy, and temperatureweakening. New design equations are given for tubing sizing applicable to critical, corrosive wells where special materials are selected for corrosion mitigation.

Payne, M.L.; Hurst, D.M.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Application of hydrostatic extrusion to fabrication of zircaloy tubing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two approaches are presented to the fabrication of BWR Zircaloy cladding tubes: (7) replacing the final pass of the pilgering process with cold hydrostatic extrusion, and (2) application of hot hydrostatic extrusion to the manufacture of tube shells which are then processed by the conventional pilgering process. With the first approach, an extrusion ratio (ER) of 5 could be obtained, but it should be limited to a maximum of 3 to prevent the occurence of galling. The properties of the obtained tubes were nearly identical to those of the current BWR cladding tubes. Application of the second technique resulted in an increase of ER to three times that of the conventional direct extrusion. The tubing processed at higher ER showed higher strength and lower ductility in the tension tests but exhibited higher ductility in the burst tests. 5 refs.

Nagai, N.; Kakuma, T.; Matsushita, T.; Kimpara, M.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

{Control of Residential Load Management Networks Using Real Time Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

loads to deliver load following and regulation, withproducts like load following and spinning reserve.following of constant power references. Chapter 7 Implications of Load

Burke, William Jerome

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

U-063: RSA SecurID Software Token for Windows DLL Loading Error Lets Remote  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3: RSA SecurID Software Token for Windows DLL Loading Error 3: RSA SecurID Software Token for Windows DLL Loading Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code U-063: RSA SecurID Software Token for Windows DLL Loading Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code December 16, 2011 - 8:00am Addthis PROBLEM: RSA SecurID Software Token for Windows DLL Loading Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code. PLATFORM: RSA SecurID Software Token 4.1 for Microsoft Windows ABSTRACT: A remote user can cause the target application to execute arbitrary code on the target user's system. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026426 ESA-2011-039 Secunia Advisory: SA45665 Securityfocus Advisory CVE-2011-4141 RSA Online Fraud Resource Center IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A vulnerability was reported in RSA SecurID Software Token. A remote user

242

U-063: RSA SecurID Software Token for Windows DLL Loading Error Lets Remote  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

63: RSA SecurID Software Token for Windows DLL Loading Error 63: RSA SecurID Software Token for Windows DLL Loading Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code U-063: RSA SecurID Software Token for Windows DLL Loading Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code December 16, 2011 - 8:00am Addthis PROBLEM: RSA SecurID Software Token for Windows DLL Loading Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code. PLATFORM: RSA SecurID Software Token 4.1 for Microsoft Windows ABSTRACT: A remote user can cause the target application to execute arbitrary code on the target user's system. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026426 ESA-2011-039 Secunia Advisory: SA45665 Securityfocus Advisory CVE-2011-4141 RSA Online Fraud Resource Center IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A vulnerability was reported in RSA SecurID Software Token. A remote user

243

U-016: Cisco IOS Software HTTP Service Loading Denial of Service  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

16: Cisco IOS Software HTTP Service Loading Denial of Service 16: Cisco IOS Software HTTP Service Loading Denial of Service Vulnerability U-016: Cisco IOS Software HTTP Service Loading Denial of Service Vulnerability October 21, 2011 - 9:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Cisco IOS Software HTTP Service Loading Denial of Service Vulnerability . PLATFORM: Cisco IOS Software ABSTRACT: An unauthenticated, remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability to cause a targeted device to stop responding, resulting in a DoS condition. reference LINKS: CISCO Security Intelligence Operations IntelliShield ID: 24436 CVE-2011-2586 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: Cisco IOS Software contains a vulnerability that could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to cause a denial of service (DoS) condition on a targeted device. The vulnerability is due to improper

244

Photo-Targeted Nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photo-Targeted Nanoparticles ... The photo-dependent inhibition could be eliminated by prior addn. of glutathione or bisulfite to the irradiated soln. ... Photo-mediated gene activation using caged RNA/DNA in zebrafish embryos ...

Tal Dvir; Matthew R. Banghart; Brian P. Timko; Robert Langer; Daniel S. Kohane

2009-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

245

Liposomes in Drug Targeting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transport of drugs to target tissues, cells or subcellular organelles by the use of carrier systems is now a recognized useful method of improving drug selectivity. The types of carrier that have been proposed...

G. Gregoriadis

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

A high power beam-on-target test of liquid lithium target for RIA.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experiments were conducted to demonstrate the stable operation of a windowless liquid lithium target under extreme thermal loads that are equivalent to uranium beams from the proposed Rare Isotope Accelerator (RIA) driver linac. The engineering and safety issues accompanying liquid lithium systems are first discussed. The liquid metal technology knowledge base generated primarily for fast reactors, and liquid metal cooled fusion reactors, was applied to the development of these systems in a nuclear physics laboratory setting. The use of a high energy electron beam for simulating a high power uranium beam produced by the RIA driver linac is also described. Calculations were performed to obtain energy deposition profiles produced by electron beams at up to a few MeV to compare with expected uranium beam energy deposition profiles. It was concluded that an experimental simulation using a 1-MeV electron beam would be a valuable tool to assess beam-jet interaction. In the experiments, the cross section of the windowless liquid lithium target was 5 mm x 10 mm, which is a 1/3rd scale prototype target, and the velocity of the liquid lithium was varied up to 6 m/s. Thermal loads up to 20 kW within a beam spot diameter of 1mm were applied on the windowless liquid lithium target by the 1-MeV electron beam. The calculations showed that the maximum power density and total power deposited within the target, from the electron beam, was equivalent to that of a 200-kW, 400-MeV/u uranium beam. It was demonstrated that the windowless liquid lithium target flowing at velocities as low as 1.8 m/s stably operated under beam powers up to 20 kW without disruption or excessive vaporization.

Nolen, J.; Reed, C.; Novick, V.; Specht, J.; Plotkin, P.; Momozaki,Y.; Gomes, I.

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

247

Microhole Coiled Tubing Bottom Hole Assemblies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The original objective of the project, to deliver an integrated 3 1/8-inch diameter Measurement While Drilling (MWD) and Logging While Drilling (LWD) system for drilling small boreholes using coiled tubing drilling, has been achieved. Two prototype systems have been assembled and tested in the lab. One of the systems has been successfully tested downhole in a conventional rotary drilling environment. Development of the 3 1/8-inch system has also lead to development and commercialization of a slightly larger 3.5-inch diameter system. We are presently filling customer orders for the 3.5-inch system while continuing with commercialization of the 3 1/8-inch system. The equipment developed by this project will be offered for sale to multiple service providers around the world, enabling the more rapid expansion of both coiled tubing drilling and conventional small diameter drilling. The project was based on the reuse of existing technology whenever possible in order to minimize development costs, time, and risks. The project was begun initially by Ultima Labs, at the time a small company ({approx}12 employees) which had successfully developed a number of products for larger oil well service companies. In September, 2006, approximately 20 months after inception of the project, Ultima Labs was acquired by Sondex plc, a worldwide manufacturer of downhole instrumentation for cased hole and drilling applications. The acquisition provided access to proven technology for mud pulse telemetry, downhole directional and natural gamma ray measurements, and surface data acquisition and processing, as well as a global sales and support network. The acquisition accelerated commercialization through existing Sondex customers. Customer demand resulted in changes to the product specification to support hotter (150 C) and deeper drilling (20,000 psi pressure) than originally proposed. The Sondex acquisition resulted in some project delays as the resistivity collar was interfaced to a different MWD system and also as the mechanical design was revised for the new pressure requirements. However, the Sondex acquisition has resulted in a more robust system, secure funding for completion of the project, and more rapid commercialization.

Don Macune

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

248

SINGLE CRYSTAL NIOBIUM TUBES FOR PARTICLE COLLIDERS ACCELERATOR CAVITIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this research project is to produce single crystal niobium (Nb) tubes for use as particle accelerator cavities for the Fermi laboratory’s International Linear Collider project. Single crystal Nb tubes may have superior performance compared to a polycrystalline tubes because the absence of grain boundaries may permit the use of higher accelerating voltages. In addition, Nb tubes that are subjected to the high temperature, high vacuum crystallization process are very pure and well annealed. Any impurity with a significantly higher vapor pressure than Nb should be decreased by the relatively long exposure at high temperature to the high vacuum environment. After application of the single crystal process, the surfaces of the Nb tubes are bright and shiny, and the tube resembles an electro polished Nb tube. For these reasons, there is interest in single crystal Nb tubes and in a process that will produce single crystal tubes. To convert a polycrystalline niobium tube into a single crystal, the tube is heated to within a few hundred ?C of the melting temperature of niobium, which is 2477 ?C. RF heating is used to rapidly heat the tube in a narrow zone and after reaching the operating temperature, the hot zone is slowly passed along the length of the tube. For crystallization tests with Nb tubes, the traverse rate was in the range of 1-10 cm per hour. All the crystallization tests in this study were performed in a water-cooled, stainless steel chamber under a vacuum of 5 x10-6 torr or better. In earliest tests of the single crystal growth process, the Nb tubes had an OD of 1.9 cm and a wall thickness of 0.15 mm. With these relatively small Nb tubes, the single crystal process was always successful in producing single crystal tubes. In these early tests, the operating temperature was normally maintained at 2200 ?C, and the traverse rate was 5 cm per hour. In the next test series, the Nb tube size was increased to 3.8 cm OD and the wall thickness was increased 0.18 mm and eventually to 0.21 mm. Again, with these larger tubes, single crystal tubes were usually produced by the crystallization process. The power supply was generally operated at full output during these tests, and the traverse rate was 5 cm per hour. In a few tests, the traverse rate was increased to 10 cm per hour, and at the faster traverse rate, single crystal growth was not achieved. In these tests with a faster traverse rate, it was thought that the tube was not heated to a high enough temperature to achieve single crystal growth. In the next series of tests, the tube OD was unchanged at 3.8 cm and the wall thickness was increased to 0.30 mm. The increased wall thickness made it difficult to reach an operating temperature above 2,000 ?C, and although the single crystal process caused a large increase in the crystal grains, no single crystal tubes were produced. It was assumed that the operating temperature in these tests was not high enough to achieve single crystal growth. In FY 2012, a larger power supply was purchased and installed. With the new power supply, temperatures above the melting point of Nb were easily obtained regardless of the tube thickness. A series of crystallization tests was initiated to determine if indeed the operating temperature of the previous tests was too low to achieve single crystal growth. For these tests, the Nb tube OD remained at 3.8 cm and the wall thickness was 0.30 mm. The first test had an operating temperature of 2,000 ?C. and the operating temperature was increased by 50 ?C increments for each successive test. The final test was very near the Nb melting temperature, and indeed, the Nb tube eventually melted in the center of the tube. These tests showed that higher temperatures did yield larger grain sizes if the traverse rate was held constant at 5 cm per hour, but no single crystal tubes were produced even at the highest operating temperature. In addition, slowing the traverse rate to as low as 1 cm per hour did not yield a single crystal tube regardless of operating temperature. At this time, it

MURPHY, JAMES E [University of Nevada, Reno] [University of Nevada, Reno

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

249

Bradbury-Nielsen vs. Field switching shutters for high resolution drift tube ion mobility spectrometers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A key component in the design of every drift tube ion mobility spectrometer (IMS) is the ion shutter which controls the injection of ions into the drift tube. Especially, compact drift tube IMS require very short...

Ansgar T. Kirk; Stefan Zimmermann

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing tube wall Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ARIES-CS T-TUBE DIVERTOR DESIGN Summary: Temperature K Maximum Temperature of Tube0Tile Interface K DP kPa Standard k-, with wall enhancement... of the actual T-tube...

251

SNS Target Test Facility: Prototype Hg Operations and Remote Handling Tests P. T. Spampinato, T. W. Burgess, J. B. Chesser, V. B. Graves, and S.L. Schrock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SNS Target Test Facility: Prototype Hg Operations and Remote Handling Tests P. T. Spampinato, T. W remote handling techniques and tools for replacing target system components. During the past year and analytical data. These included a welded-tube heat exchanger, an electromagnetic flow meter, a hydraulically

McDonald, Kirk

252

Macro Data Load: An Efficient Mechanism for Enhancing Loaded Data Reuse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Macro Data Load: An Efficient Mechanism for Enhancing Loaded Data Reuse Lei Jin and Sangyeun Cho, Member, IEEE Abstract--This paper presents a study on macro data load, a novel mechanism to increase the amount of loaded data reuse within a processor. A macro data load brings into the processor a maximum

Cho, Sangyeun

253

Ceramic tube seals cut heat loss, achieve six month payback  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The methane reformer at the Celanese Chemical Company's Bishop, TX plant operates at approximately 1900/sup 0/F. The reformer has 32 tubes (9'' diameter) that pass through the firebox. Openings around the tubes measure 11'' in diameter to accommodate horizontal and vertical thermal expansion and movement as well as to facilitate tube removal. The gaps around the tubes permitted cool air to be drawn into the firebox (caused by slight negative pressure) and also allowed radiant heat to escape causing the reformer to operate at a lower than desired level of thermal efficiency. Celanese contracted to retrofit the old rigid firebrick roof in the methane reformer with a 10'' thick ceramic fiber module lining. The gaps around the tubes were sealed by using a special tube seal made from Nextel woven ceramic fiber fabric, a 1984 CHEMICAL PROCESSING Vaaler Award winner (Mid-November 1984, p.52). The Nextel fabric used in this application is a heat resistant textile that has a continuous use temperature of 2200/sup 0/F - well above the 1900/sup 0/F operating temperature of the reformer. The tube seals have been working exactly as intended, verified by observation through inspection ports. Temperatures in the penthouse area above the roof dropped from 240/sup 0/F to 150/sup 0/F. The reduction in heat losses has been attributed to the elimination of the gaps around each tube by the seals and to the improved K-factor of the ceramic module lining. The tube seals have paid for themselves within six months of installation. At that time, the seal boots were inspected and showed no signs of wear. With these results, the improved efficiency of the methane reformer promises to yield additional economic benefits.

Not Available

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

In-bed tube bank for a fluidized-bed combustor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An in-bed tube bank (10) for a fluidized bed combustor. The tube bank (10) of the present invention comprises one or more fluid communicating boiler tubes (30) which define a plurality of selectively spaced boiler tube sections (32). The tube sections (32) are substantially parallel to one another and aligned in a common plane. The tube bank (10) further comprises support members (34) for joining adjacent tube sections (32), the support members (34) engaging and extending along a selected length of the tube sections (32) and spanning the preselected space therebetween.

Hemenway, Jr., Lloyd F. (Morgantown, WV)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic tube compensation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

REGIONS Summary: to approximately compensate. The magnetic energy density inside a flux tube depends on its evolu- tion during rise... tube emergence from a deep dynamo layer....

256

Development of a Solar-Powered Adsorption Cooling Tube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar energy shows much attraction for these scientists because it is clean, renewable, and environmentally protected. ... The disadvantages of the second generation solar-powered adsorption cooling tube are that (1) the heat loss from the solar collector is considerable, (2) because the condenser and evaporator are the same part of the solar cooling tube, the condensing heat significantly affects the refrigeration capacity in the condensing/chilled-water tank, and (3) the cooling water pipe cannot be maintained easily. ... A solar-powered adsorption refrigeration system consisting of solar cooling tubes has the advantages of a simple structure, low cost, and high efficiency. ...

Xiaodong Ma; Zhenyan Liu; Huizhong Zhao

2006-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

257

Chapter Two - Some Problems of Streak Tube Design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Chapter 2 embraces some aspects of streak image tube design, including physics of photoemission for certain types of photocathodes, electron-optical properties of a fine-structure mesh playing simultaneously the role of a photocathode, advantages of quasi-spherical electron optics as applied to high-speed single-frame and streak imaging with large-format photocathode, peculiarities of electrodynamics and electron optics of slow-wave comb structures as dynamic deflectors in streak image tubes, design of streak image tubes with different time resolution.

Mikhail Ya. Schelev; Mikhail A. Monastyrskiy; Nikolai S. Vorobiev; Sergei V. Garnov; Dmitriy E. Greenfield

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Streak tube photocathode development program. Phase 2, Final technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report details the progress made toward developing a streak tube with greater than 1% quantum efficiency at a wavelength of 1300 nm. The achieved performance is the result of approximately three years of effort. The goal of Phase 2 of this contract was to seal a working 1.3 {mu}m streak tube. This effort was focused in two areas. First there was a continuing effort to further develop and demonstrate the cathodes ability to meet the stated requirements. The second effort was aimed at solving the mechanical and process related problems related to sealing this cathode onto a EG&G streak tube.

Not Available

1993-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

259

Review of texture and texture formation in zircaloy tubing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A general review of the texture characteristics in hexagonal close-packed metals is given with special reference to zircaloy tubing used in the nuclear industry. Conclusions concerning the deformation forces and their effect on the resulting deformation mechanisms are detailed. It is shown that the texture formation is governed by the material flow, which for tube reductions is determined by the reduction in cross-section, wall thickness and diameter, and, more specifically, by the relative ratio of wall to diameter reduction. By knowing the relationship between texture formation and reduction pazameters, it is possible to tailor the texture in zircaloy tubing within the given limits, according to in-service requirements.

Tenckhoff, E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

PASSIVE DETECTION OF VEHICLE LOADING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Digital Imaging and Remote Sensing Laboratory (DIRS) at the Rochester Institute of Technology, along with the Savannah River National Laboratory is investigating passive methods to quantify vehicle loading. The research described in this paper investigates multiple vehicle indicators including brake temperature, tire temperature, engine temperature, acceleration and deceleration rates, engine acoustics, suspension response, tire deformation and vibrational response. Our investigation into these variables includes building and implementing a sensing system for data collection as well as multiple full-scale vehicle tests. The sensing system includes; infrared video cameras, triaxial accelerometers, microphones, video cameras and thermocouples. The full scale testing includes both a medium size dump truck and a tractor-trailer truck on closed courses with loads spanning the full range of the vehicle's capacity. Statistical analysis of the collected data is used to determine the effectiveness of each of the indicators for characterizing the weight of a vehicle. The final sensing system will monitor multiple load indicators and combine the results to achieve a more accurate measurement than any of the indicators could provide alone.

Garrett, A.

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

HIGH-POWER TURBODRILL AND DRILL BIT FOR DRILLING WITH COILED TUBING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Commercial introduction of Microhole Technology to the gas and oil drilling industry requires an effective downhole drive mechanism which operates efficiently at relatively high RPM and low bit weight for delivering efficient power to the special high RPM drill bit for ensuring both high penetration rate and long bit life. This project entails developing and testing a more efficient 2-7/8 in. diameter Turbodrill and a novel 4-1/8 in. diameter drill bit for drilling with coiled tubing. The high-power Turbodrill were developed to deliver efficient power, and the more durable drill bit employed high-temperature cutters that can more effectively drill hard and abrasive rock. This project teams Schlumberger Smith Neyrfor and Smith Bits, and NASA AMES Research Center with Technology International, Inc (TII), to deliver a downhole, hydraulically-driven power unit, matched with a custom drill bit designed to drill 4-1/8 in. boreholes with a purpose-built coiled tubing rig. The U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory has funded Technology International Inc. Houston, Texas to develop a higher power Turbodrill and drill bit for use in drilling with a coiled tubing unit. This project entails developing and testing an effective downhole drive mechanism and a novel drill bit for drilling 'microholes' with coiled tubing. The new higher power Turbodrill is shorter, delivers power more efficiently, operates at relatively high revolutions per minute, and requires low weight on bit. The more durable thermally stable diamond drill bit employs high-temperature TSP (thermally stable) diamond cutters that can more effectively drill hard and abrasive rock. Expectations are that widespread adoption of microhole technology could spawn a wave of 'infill development' drilling of wells spaced between existing wells, which could tap potentially billions of barrels of bypassed oil at shallow depths in mature producing areas. At the same time, microhole coiled tube drilling offers the opportunity to dramatically cut producers' exploration risk to a level comparable to that of drilling development wells. Together, such efforts hold great promise for economically recovering a sizeable portion of the estimated remaining shallow (less than 5,000 feet subsurface) oil resource in the United States. The DOE estimates this U.S. targeted shallow resource at 218 billion barrels. Furthermore, the smaller 'footprint' of the lightweight rigs utilized for microhole drilling and the accompanying reduced drilling waste disposal volumes offer the bonus of added environmental benefits. DOE analysis shows that microhole technology has the potential to cut exploratory drilling costs by at least a third and to slash development drilling costs in half.

Robert Radtke; David Glowka; Man Mohan Rai; David Conroy; Tim Beaton; Rocky Seale; Joseph Hanna; Smith Neyrfor; Homer Robertson

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

262

Blow-down tests in a sodium-heated steam generator tube. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of steam generators for liquid metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) electric power plants is based on both normal load operation and plant transient conditions. Perhaps the most severe transient to which an LMFBR steam generator may be subjected is known as the water-side isolation and dump transient, often called the blow-down transient. LMFBR steam generators must be designed to accommodate a small but finite number of the blow-down transients. The purpose of this investigation was to perform a blow-down experiment in a well instrumented, full scale, single tube model of an LMFBR steam generator. The data may be used directly in steam generator design and as a validation point for steam generator mathematical models in plant transient computer codes.

France, D.M.; Carlson, R.D.; Chiang, T.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

An air-cooled pulse tube cryocooler with 50 W cooling capacity at 77 K  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A pulse tube cryocooler with 50 W cooling capacity at 77 K is developed to cool superconducting devices mounted on automobiles. The envisioned cryocooler weight is less than 40 kg and the input electric power is less than 1 kW. To achieve these requirements the working frequency is increased to 75 Hz and the dual-opposed pistons use gas bearings to reduce compressor weight and volume. The heat from the main heat exchanger is rejected by forced convective air instead of water. The compressor and the cold finger are carefully matched to improve the efficiency. The details of these will be presented in this paper. After some adjustment a no load temperature for the pulse tube cryocooler of 40 K was achieved with 1 kW input electric power in surroundings at 298 K. At 77 K the cooling capacity is 50 W. If the main heat exchanger is cooled by water at 293 K the cooling capacity increases to 64 W corresponding to a relative Carnot efficiency of 18%.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Foam encapsulated targets  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Foam encapsulated laser-fusion targets wherein a quantity of thermonuclear fuel is embedded in low density, microcellular foam which serves as an electron conduction channel for symmetrical implosion of the fuel by illumination of the target by one or more laser beams. The fuel, such as DT, is contained within a hollow shell constructed of glass, for example, with the foam having a cell size of preferably no greater than 2 .mu.m, a density of 0.065 to 0.6.times.10.sup.3 kg/m.sup.3, and external diameter of less than 200 .mu.m.

Nuckolls, John H. (Livermore, CA); Thiessen, Albert R. (Livermore, CA); Dahlbacka, Glen H. (Livermore, CA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Online Load Balancing for Related Machines 1 Piotr Berman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), the load of a machine i in schedule s and Load(s), the load of entire schedule s as follows: load(s; i) = 1On­line Load Balancing for Related Machines 1 Piotr Berman The Pennsylvania State University of randomized algorithms for this problem. Key Words: on­line algorithm, load balancing, related machines

Charikar, Moses

266

Coiled tubing drilling with supercritical carbon dioxide  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for increasing the efficiency of drilling operations by using a drilling fluid material that exists as supercritical fluid or a dense gas at temperature and pressure conditions existing at a drill site. The material can be used to reduce mechanical drilling forces, to remove cuttings, or to jet erode a substrate. In one embodiment, carbon dioxide (CO.sub.2) is used as the material for drilling within wells in the earth, where the normal temperature and pressure conditions cause CO.sub.2 to exist as a supercritical fluid. Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC--CO.sub.2) is preferably used with coiled tube (CT) drilling equipment. The very low viscosity SC--CO.sub.2 provides efficient cooling of the drill head, and efficient cuttings removal. Further, the diffusivity of SC--CO.sub.2 within the pores of petroleum formations is significantly higher than that of water, making jet erosion using SC--CO.sub.2 much more effective than water jet erosion. SC--CO.sub.2 jets can be used to assist mechanical drilling, for erosion drilling, or for scale removal. A choke manifold at the well head or mud cap drilling equipment can be used to control the pressure within the borehole, to ensure that the temperature and pressure conditions necessary for CO.sub.2 to exist as either a supercritical fluid or a dense gas occur at the drill site. Spent CO.sub.2 can be vented to the atmosphere, collected for reuse, or directed into the formation to aid in the recovery of petroleum.

Kolle , Jack J. (Seattle, WA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Steam Generator Tube Integrity Program [Corrosion and Mechanics of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Steam Generator Tube Steam Generator Tube Integrity Program Capabilities Materials Testing Environmentally Assisted Cracking (EAC) of Reactor Materials Corrosion Performance/Metal Dusting Overview Light Water Reactors Fatigue Testing of Carbon Steels and Low-Alloy Steels Environmentally Assisted Cracking of Ni-Base Alloys Irradiation-Induced Stress Corrosion Cracking of Austenitic Stainless Steels Steam Generator Tube Integrity Program Air Oxidation Kinetics for Zr-based Alloys Fossil Energy Fusion Energy Metal Dusting Publications List Irradiated Materials Steam Generator Tube Integrity Other Facilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Corrosion and Mechanics of Materials Light Water Reactors Bookmark and Share

268

Heat transfer and fluid friction in bundles of twisted tubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The results of heat-transfer and friction studies in bundles of twisted tubes and rods with spiral wire-wrap spacers are analyzed, and recommendations are given for calculating the heat-transfer coefficient in...

B. V. Dzyubenko; G. A. Dreitser

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Leveraging YouTube as an LRRB Communication Tool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIGHTS CAMERA ACTION! #12;Leveraging YouTube as an LRRB Communication Tool Farideh Amiri, Mn Improvements: Use high-resolution (720p or 1080p) videos Coordinate "Man on the street" interviews with large

Minnesota, University of

270

Design and fabrication of pressure-compensating compliant tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Different fabrication methods are evaluated for producing pressure-compensating tubes for use in low-pressure drip irrigation systems. Such devices would allow drip irrigation systems to operate at driving pressures much ...

Martin, Ian (Ian P.)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Dynamical constraints from field line topology in magnetic flux tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A topological constraint on the dynamics of a magnetic field in a flux tube arises from the fixed point indices of its field line mapping. This can explain unexpected behaviour in recent resistive-magnetohydrodynamic simulations of magnetic relaxation. Here we present the theory for a general periodic flux tube, representing, for example, a toroidal confinement device or a solar coronal loop. We show how an ideal dynamics on the side boundary of the tube implies that the sum of indices over all interior fixed points is invariant. This constraint applies to any continuous evolution inside the tube, which may be turbulent and/or dissipative. We also consider the analogous invariants obtained from periodic points (fixed points of the iterated mapping). Although there is a countably infinite family of invariants, we show that they lead to at most two independent dynamical constraints. The second constraint applies only in certain magnetic configurations. Several examples illustrate the theory.

A. R. Yeates; G. Hornig

2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

272

OBSERVATION OF FLUX-TUBE CROSSINGS IN THE SOLAR WIND  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current sheets are ubiquitous in the solar wind. They are a major source of the solar wind MHD turbulence intermittency. They may result from nonlinear interactions of the solar wind MHD turbulence or are the boundaries of flux tubes that originate from the solar surface. Some current sheets appear in pairs and are the boundaries of transient structures such as magnetic holes and reconnection exhausts or the edges of pulsed Alfven waves. For an individual current sheet, discerning whether it is a flux-tube boundary or due to nonlinear interactions or the boundary of a transient structure is difficult. In this work, using data from the Wind spacecraft, we identify two three-current-sheet events. Detailed examination of these two events suggests that they are best explained by the flux-tube-crossing scenario. Our study provides convincing evidence supporting the scenario that the solar wind consists of flux tubes where distinct plasmas reside.

Arnold, L.; Li, G.; Li, X. [Department of Physics and CSPAR, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States)] [Department of Physics and CSPAR, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States); Yan, Y., E-mail: gang.li@uah.edu [Key Laboratory of Solar Activity, National Astronomical Observatories of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China)

2013-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

273

Beating the Heat! Automated Characterization of Piezoelectric Tubes for Starbugs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Australian Astronomical Observatory has extensively prototyped a new robotic positioner to allow simultaneous positioning of optical fibers at the focal plane called 'Starbugs'. The Starbug devices each consist of two concentric piezoelectric tubes that 'walk' the optical fiber over the focal plane to accuracy of several microns. Ongoing research has led to the development of several Starbug prototypes, but lack of performance data has hampered further progress in the design of the Starbug positioners and the support equipment required to power and control them. Furthermore, Starbugs have been selected for the TAIPAN instrument, a prototype for MANIFEST on the GMT. A need now arises to measure and characterize 100's of piezoelectric tubes before full scale production of Starbugs for TAIPAN. The manual measurements of these piezoelectric tubes are a time consuming process taking several hours. Therefore, a versatile automated system is needed to measure and characterize these tubes in the laboratory before...

Piersiak, Rafal; Gilbert, James; Muller, Rolf

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Refrigerant forced-convection condensation inside horizontal tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High vapor velocity condensation inside a tube was studied theoretically. The heat transfer coefficients were calculated by the momentum and heat transfer analogy. The Von Karman universal velocity distribution was applied ...

Bae, Soonhoon

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

World Oils`s 1995 coiled tubing tables  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Increasingly in demand in almost every aspect of today`s E and P market because of flexibility, versatility and economy, coiled tubing is being used for a variety of drilling, completion and production operations that previously required conventional jointed pipe, workover and snubbing units, or rotary drilling rigs. For 1995 the popular coiled tubing tables have been reformatted, expanded and improved to give industry engineering and field personnel additional, more specific selection, operational and installation information. Traditional specifications and dimensions have been augmented by addition of calculated performance properties for downhole workover and well servicing applications. For the first time the authors are presenting this information as a stand-alone feature, separate from conventional jointed tubing connection design tables, which are published annually in the January issue. With almost seven times as much usable data as previous listings, the authors hope that their new coiled tubing tables are even more practical and useful to their readers.

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Development of pressurized tube specimen for creep testing of beryllium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this work was to demonstrate that creep tests could be performed on beryllium in the same pressurized tube geometry as is commonly used in the FFTF/MOTA.

Neef, W.S.; Moir, R.W. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)); Opperman, E.K. (Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (USA)); Hamilton, M.L. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA))

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Acoustic emission from magnetic flux tubes in the solar network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of three-dimensional numerical simulations to investigate the excitation of waves in the magnetic network of the Sun due to footpoint motions of a magnetic flux tube. We consider motions that typically mimic granular buffeting and vortex flows and implement them as driving motions at the base of the flux tube. The driving motions generates various MHD modes within the flux tube and acoustic waves in the ambient medium. The response of the upper atmosphere to the underlying photospheric motion and the role of the flux tube in channeling the waves is investigated. We compute the acoustic energy flux in the various wave modes across different boundary layers defined by the plasma and magnetic field parameters and examine the observational implications for chromospheric and coronal heating.

Vigeesh, G

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Targeted radionuclide therapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Targeted radionuclide therapy (TRT) seeks molecular and functional targets within patient tumor sites. A number of agents have been constructed and labeled with beta, alpha, and Auger emitters. Radionuclide carriers spanning a broad range of sizes; e.g., antibodies, liposomes, and constructs such as nanoparticles have been used in these studies. Uptake, in percent-injected dose per gram of malignant tissue, is used to evaluate the specificity of the targeting vehicle. Lymphoma (B-cell) has been the primary clinical application. Extension to solid tumors will require raising the macroscopic absorbed dose by several-fold over values found in present technology. Methods that may effect such changes include multistep targeting, simultaneous chemotherapy, and external sequestration of the agent. Toxicity has primarily involved red marrow so that marrow replacement can also be used to enhance future TRT treatments. Correlation of toxicities and treatment efficiency has been limited by relatively poor absorbed dose estimates partly because of using standard (phantom) organ sizes. These associations will be improved in the future by obtaining patient-specific organ size and activity data with hybrid SPECT/CT and PET/CT scanners.

Williams, Lawrence E.; DeNardo, Gerald L.; Meredith, Ruby F. [Radiology Division, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California 91010 (United States); Internal Medicine, University of California Davis Medical Center, 1508 Alhambra Boulevard, Suite 3100, Sacramento, California 95816 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Wallace Tumor Institute WTI No. 117, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 (United States)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

TRANSFORMED DSM TARGETS GROWTH  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TRANSFORMED DSM TARGETS GROWTH ... DSM CHIEF Executive Officer Feike Sijbesma refers to Charles Darwin when talking about his company’s transformation. ... In the past 10 years, DSM has transformed itself, shifting its portfolio from petrochemicals and specialties to life sciences and materials. ...

PAIGE MARIE MORSE

2011-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

280

Tube Width Fluctuations in F-Actin Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We determine the statistics of the local tube width in F-actin solutions, beyond the usually reported mean value. Our experimental observations are explained by a segment fluid theory based on the binary collision approximation. In this systematic generalization of the standard mean-field approach, effective polymer segments interact via a potential representing the topological constraints. The analytically predicted universal tube width distribution with a stretched tail is in good agreement with the data.

J. Glaser; D. Chakraborty; K. Kroy; I. Lauter; M. Degawa; N. Kirchgeßner; B. Hoffmann; R. Merkel; M. Giesen

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

EVACUATED TUBE COLLECTORS SIMPLIFY SOLAR THERMAL SYSTEM LAYOUT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SUMMARY Evacuated tube collectors (ETC's) differ quite markedly in their behaviour from the more familiar flat plate solar collectors. The consequences in cost of the entire system are investigated for a typical residential dwelling, making full use of the advantages offered by ETC's. A significant saving in initial cost as well as in maintenance costs can be realised. KEYWORDS Evacuated tube collectors; solar system layout; freeze protection; overheat protection.

C.W.J. van Koppen; P. Verhaart

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

X-ray tube with magnetic electron steering  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An X-ray tube uses a magnetic field to steer electrons. The magnetic field urges electrons toward the anode, increasing the proportion of electrons emitted from the cathode that reach desired portions of the anode and consequently contribute to X-ray production. The magnetic field also urges electrons reflected from the anode back to the anode, further increasing the efficiency of the tube.

Reed, Kim W. (Albuquerque, NM); Turman, Bobby N. (Albuquerque, NM); Kaye, Ronald J. (Albuquerque, NM); Schneider, Larry X. (Albuquerque, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

SHOCKS AND THERMAL CONDUCTION FRONTS IN RETRACTING RECONNECTED FLUX TUBES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a model for plasma heating produced by time-dependent, spatially localized reconnection within a flare current sheet separating skewed magnetic fields. The reconnection creates flux tubes of new connectivity which subsequently retract at Alfvenic speeds from the reconnection site. Heating occurs in gas-dynamic shocks (GDSs) which develop inside these tubes. Here we present generalized thin flux tube equations for the dynamics of reconnected flux tubes, including pressure-driven parallel dynamics as well as temperature-dependent, anisotropic viscosity and thermal conductivity. The evolution of tubes embedded in a uniform, skewed magnetic field, following reconnection in a patch, is studied through numerical solutions of these equations, for solar coronal conditions. Even though viscosity and thermal conductivity are negligible in the quiet solar corona, the strong GDSs generated by compressing plasma inside reconnected flux tubes generate large velocity and temperature gradients along the tube, rendering the diffusive processes dominant. They determine the thickness of the shock that evolves up to a steady state value, although this condition may not be reached in the short times involved in a flare. For realistic solar coronal parameters, this steady state shock thickness might be as long as the entire flux tube. For strong shocks at low Prandtl numbers, typical of the solar corona, the GDS consists of an isothermal sub-shock where all the compression and cooling occur, preceded by a thermal front where the temperature increases and most of the heating occurs. We estimate the length of each of these sub-regions and the speed of their propagation.

Guidoni, S. E.; Longcope, D. W., E-mail: guidoni@physics.montana.ed [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717-3840 (United States)

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Residential Load Management Program and Pilot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 1986 LCRA embarked on residential load management to control peak summer loads. At that time, LCRA was considered a summer peaking utility, and residential air conditioning and water heating systems were selected for control. The program...

Haverlah, D.; Riordon, K.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

1994 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 1994 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study presented herein establishes a picture of how the agency is positioned today in its loads and resources balance. It is a snapshot of expected resource operation, contractual obligations, and rights. This study does not attempt to present or analyze future conservation or generation resource scenarios. What it does provide are base case assumptions from which scenarios encompassing a wide range of uncertainties about BPA`s future may be evaluated. The Loads and Resources Study is presented in two documents: (1) this summary of Federal system and Pacific Northwest region loads and resources and (2) a technical appendix detailing the loads and resources for each major Pacific Northwest generating utility. This analysis updates the 1993 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study, published in December 1993. In this loads and resources study, resource availability is compared with a range of forecasted electricity consumption. The Federal system and regional analyses for medium load forecast are presented.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Helicase Loading at Chromosomal Origins of Replication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Loading of the replicative DNA helicase at origins of replication is of central importance in DNA replication. As the first of the replication fork proteins assemble at chromosomal origins of replication, the loaded helicase ...

Bell, Stephen P.

287

Nickel electroplating of steam generator tubes (kiss sleeving process)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This process, the nickel electroplating of steam generator tubes, has been jointly developed under a Belgatom (Laborelec) and Framatome agreement with shared experience gained by both companies, industrial applications being under the responsibility of Framatome. Application of the coating in zones where residual stresses or cracks are present prevents contact between the primary water and the tube, which stops the stress corrosion process. In the Doel 2 plant, 91 tubes have been plated since 1985, and different sets of parameters have been used for comparison purposes. Among these tubes, 9 have been preventively plugged because of defective plating, 9 have been pulled out for laboratory examinations, 2 just after plating and 7 after 1 or 2 yr of service. There are 73 plated tubes still in service. From the tests that were performed, it was possible to select an optimized set of parameters guaranteeing the following properties: bridging of existing cracks and good behavior of the coating in relevant zones, good adhesion to the Inconel tube, high ductility, low residual stresses, thermal shock resistance, corrosion resistance, erosion resistance, and low cobalt content. The licensability of this process is being completed. It is based first on the leak-before-break concept to determine the characteristics of the nickel plating, thickness in particular, and second on the inspectability of ultrasonic testing methods.

Michaut, B.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Analysis Methodology for Industrial Load Profiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY FOR INDUSTRIAL LOAD PROFILES Thomas W. Reddoch Executive Vice President Eleclrolek Concepts, Inc. Knoxvillc, Tennessee ABSTRACT A methodology is provided for evaluating the impact of various demand-side management... (OSM) options on industrial customers. The basic approach uses customer metered load profile data as a basis for the customer load shape. OSM technologies are represented as load shapes and are used as a basis for altering the customers existing...

Reddoch, T. W.

289

A Novel Approach to Determining Motor Load  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A NOVEL APPROACH TO DETERMINING MOTOR LOAD by Michael Brown Georgia Tech Research Institute Atlanta, Georgia ABSTRACf Properly sized electric motors are essential if industrial plant efficiency is to be optimized and energy costs... minimized. Because of the difficully in making power measurements on three phase motors, loading is rarely, if ever, checked. A simple indication of motor load can be achieved by measuring operating speed because speed and load are almost linearly...

Brown, M.

290

Chapter 6 - Stage 3: Data Load  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary This chapter discusses the Data Load stage of the Guerrilla Analytics workflow. Data Load involves getting data from a receipt location (generally the file system) and loading it into the Data Manipulation Environment (DME). In this chapter, you will learn about the various activities that take place at Data Load. You will learn about the pitfalls and risks in these activities. You will then learn a number of practice tips to mitigate those risks.

Enda Ridge

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

FINAL PROJECT REPORT LOAD MODELING TRANSMISSION RESEARCH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BPA), the basic requirements for an improved load model were determined. These requirements included modeling the substation

Lesieutre, Bernard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Structures buckling under tensile dead load  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the load measured with a load cell Gefran OC-K2D-C3...PY-2-F-100 (Gefran Spa). Data have been acquired with...elementsAmsterdamElsevier Data Supplement Data Supplement Structures buckling under tensile dead load. A movie of the experiments...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Flow Duration Curve Load Duration Curve  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and concentration data--select appropriate conversion factors 3. Develop Load Duration Curve 4. Plot observed data there has been no flow at this site #12;Gather daily flow rate data Load data into a spreasheet Sort largest, etc) Calculate percentage of days flow was exceeded: How do you estimate load with given data

294

Flow Duration Curve Load Duration Curve  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

given flow and concentration data--select appropriate conversion factors 3. Develop Load Duration Curve 4. Plot observed data with Load Duration Curve #12;What are they? How do you make one? #12;DescribesRangeFlows LowFlows 40 % of the time there has been no flow at this site #12;Gather daily flow rate data Load

295

Low reflectance radio frequency load  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A load for traveling microwave energy has an absorptive volume defined by cylindrical body enclosed by a first end cap and a second end cap. The first end cap has an aperture for the passage of an input waveguide with a rotating part that is coupled to a reflective mirror. The inner surfaces of the absorptive volume consist of a resistive material or are coated with a coating which absorbs a fraction of incident RF energy, and the remainder of the RF energy reflects. The angle of the reflector and end caps is selected such that reflected RF energy dissipates an increasing percentage of the remaining RF energy at each reflection, and the reflected RF energy which returns to the rotating mirror is directed to the back surface of the rotating reflector, and is not coupled to the input waveguide. Additionally, the reflector may have a surface which generates a more uniform power distribution function axially and laterally, to increase the power handling capability of the RF load. The input waveguide may be corrugated for HE11 mode input energy.

Ives, R. Lawrence; Mizuhara, Yosuke M

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

APS high heat load monochromator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document contains the design specifications of the APS high heat load (HHL) monochromator and associated accessories as of February 1993. It should be noted that work is continuing on many parts of the monochromator including the mechanical design, crystal cooling designs, etc. Where appropriate, we have tried to add supporting documentation, references to published papers, and calculations from which we based our decisions. The underlying philosophy behind performance specifications of this monochromator was to fabricate a device that would be useful to as many APS users as possible, that is, the design should be as generic as possible. In other words, we believe that this design will be capable of operating on both bending magnet and ID beamlines (with the appropriate changes to the cooling and crystals) with both flat and inclined crystal geometries and with a variety of coolants. It was strongly felt that this monochromator should have good energy scanning capabilities over the classical energy range of about 4 to 20 keywith Si (111) crystals. For this reason, a design incorporating one rotation stage to drive both the first and second crystals was considered most promising. Separate rotary stages for the first and second crystals can sometimes provide more flexibility in their capacities to carry heavy loads (for heavily cooled first crystals or sagittal benders of second crystals), but their tuning capabilities were considered inferior to the single axis approach.

Lee, W.K.; Mills, D.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

System and method employing a minimum distance and a load feature database to identify electric load types of different electric loads  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method identifies electric load types of a plurality of different electric loads. The method includes providing a load feature database of a plurality of different electric load types, each of the different electric load types including a first load feature vector having at least four different load features; sensing a voltage signal and a current signal for each of the different electric loads; determining a second load feature vector comprising at least four different load features from the sensed voltage signal and the sensed current signal for a corresponding one of the different electric loads; and identifying by a processor one of the different electric load types by determining a minimum distance of the second load feature vector to the first load feature vector of the different electric load types of the load feature database.

Lu, Bin; Yang, Yi; Sharma, Santosh K; Zambare, Prachi; Madane, Mayura A

2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

298

1993 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Loads and Resources Study is presented in three documents: (1) this summary of Federal system and Pacific Northwest region loads and resources; (2) a technical appendix detailing forecasted Pacific Northwest economic trends and loads, and (3) a technical appendix detailing the loads and resources for each major Pacific Northwest generating utility. In this loads and resources study, resource availability is compared with a range of forecasted electricity consumption. The forecasted future electricity demands -- firm loads -- are subtracted from the projected capability of existing and {open_quotes}contracted for{close_quotes} resources to determine whether Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the region will be surplus or deficit. If resources are greater than loads in any particular year or month, there is a surplus of energy and/or capacity, which BPA can sell to increase revenues. Conversely, if firm loads exceed available resources, there is a deficit of energy and/or capacity, and additional conservation, contract purchases, or generating resources will be needed to meet load growth. The Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study analyzes the Pacific Northwest`s projected loads and available generating resources in two parts: (1) the loads and resources of the Federal system, for which BPA is the marketing agency; and (2) the larger Pacific Northwest regional power system, which includes loads and resource in addition to the Federal system. The loads and resources analysis in this study simulates the operation of the power system under the Pacific Northwest Coordination Agreement (PNCA) produced by the Pacific Northwest Coordinating Group. This study presents the Federal system and regional analyses for five load forecasts: high, medium-high, medium, medium-low, and low. This analysis projects the yearly average energy consumption and resource availability for Operating Years (OY) 1994--95 through 2003--04.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Computational Modeling and Optimization of a Novel Shock Tube to Study Blast Induced Traumatic Brain Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Various 2D models to simulate the shock wave propagation in a shock tube to see the effects of varying shock tube geometry and working fluid on the blast profiles were developed. Ranges of different parameters evaluated are: tube length - 5ft to 25ft; tube...

Anumolu, Pratima

2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

300

Axial thermal medium delivery tubes and retention plates for a gas turbine rotor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a multi-stage turbine rotor, tubes are disposed in openings adjacent the rotor rim for flowing a thermal medium to rotor buckets and returning spent thermal medium. The tubes have axially spaced lands of predetermined wall thickness with thin-walled tube sections between the lands and of increasing thickness from the forward to the aft ends of the tubes. A pair of retention plates are carried on the aft end face of the aft wheel and straddle the tube and engage against a shoulder on the tube to preclude displacement of the tube in an aft direction.

Mashey, Thomas Charles (Coxsackie, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Apparatus for forming targets  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus and method for cryoinduced uniform deposition of cryogenic materials, such as deuterium-tritium (DT) mixtures, on the inner surface of hollow spherical members, such as inertially imploded targets. By vaporizing and quickly refreezing cryogenic materials contained within a hollow spherical member, a uniform layer of the materials is formed on the inner surface of the spherical member. Heating of the cryogenic material, located within a non-isothermal compact freezing cell, is accomplished by an electrical heat pulse, whereafter the material is quickly frozen forming a uniform layer on the inner surface of the spherical member. The method is not restricted to producing a frozen layer on only the inner surface of the innermost hollow member, but where multiple concentric hollow spheres are involved, such as in multiple shell targets for lasers, electron beams, etc., layers of cryogenic material may also be formed on the inner surface of intermediate or outer spherical members, thus providing the capability of forming targets having multiple concentric layers or shells of frozen DT.

Woerner, Robert L. (Livermore, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

T-573: Windows Remote Desktop Client DLL Loading Error Lets Remote Users  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3: Windows Remote Desktop Client DLL Loading Error Lets Remote 3: Windows Remote Desktop Client DLL Loading Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code T-573: Windows Remote Desktop Client DLL Loading Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code March 9, 2011 - 3:05pm Addthis PROBLEM: Vulnerability in Remote Desktop Client Could Allow Remote Code Execution. PLATFORM: Remote Desktop Connection Client Version(s): 5.2, 6.0, 6.1, 7.0 ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Windows Remote Desktop Client. A remote user can cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target user's system. reference LINKS: Microsoft Security Bulletin MS11-017 SecurityTracker Alert ID:1025172 CVE-2011-0029 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Moderate Discussion: A remote user can create a specially crafted DLL file on a remote share (e.g., WebDAV, SMB share). When the target user opens a valid Remote

303

Crimp sealing of tubes flush with or below a fixed surface  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for crimp sealing and severing tubes flush or below a fixed surface. Tube crimping below a fixed surface requires an asymmetric die and anvil configuration. The anvil must be flat so that, after crimping, it may be removed without deforming the crimped tubes. This asymmetric die and anvil is used when a ductile metal tube and valve assembly are attached to a pressure vessel which has a fixed surface around the base of the tube at the pressure vessel. A flat anvil is placed against the tube. Die guides are placed against the tube on a side opposite the anvil. A pinch-off die is inserted into the die guides against the tube. Adequate clearance for inserting the die and anvil around the tube is needed below the fixed surface. The anvil must be flat so that, after crimping, it may be removed without deforming the crimped tubes. 8 figs.

Fischer, J.E.; Walmsley, D.; Wapman, P.D.

1996-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

304

KORONA; An intense sealed-tube 14-MeV neutron generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a sealed-tube, high-current, low-energy accelerator (190 kV, 150 mA) in operation at the GKSS Research Center since 1981. The deuterium-tritium reaction yields a total source strength of 3 {times} 10 {sup 12} n/s. The neutron flux in the center of the hollow cylinder target is {approx} 3 {times} 10 n/cm{sup 2} {center dot} s in a 4-cm{sup 3} volume. Numerous 14-MeV neutron reaction cross sections have been determined with satisfactory accuracy; however, the system has been mainly used for neutron activation analysis. To predict the gamma-ray activity of any element after short-term irradiation with 14-MeV neutrons, a sensitivity study was performed, which proved to be a useful tool for analyzing complex spectra.

Pepelnik, R.; Fanger, H.U.; Michaelis, W. (GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH, Inst. fur Physik, Postfach 1160, D-2054 Geesthacht (DE))

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Operating results of the advanced ceramic tube filter (ACTF) at Wakamatus 71 MW PFBC demonstration plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ACTF installed at the 71 MWe pressurized fluidized bed combustion (PFBC) demonstration plant at Wakamatsu Power Station of Electric Power Development Co., Ltd. is featured by inside to outside gas flow configuration with vertically arranged tubes in three compartments. This unique configuration offers advantages in the gas cleaning system for high-temperature and high-pressure applications of commercial scale. During Phase-1 demonstration program in Wakamatsu completed in December 1997, the ACTF showed the outstanding performance in terms of dust removal efficiency, pressure drop stability and reliability. The accumulated operating time of the ACTF in Phase-1 reached more than 6,000 hours and the continuous operating time record for 785 hours has been established. The successful results of ACTF and PFBC in Phase-1 lead to a two-year extension of the demonstration program (Phase-2). In Phase-2, it is aimed to demonstrate the further reliability and the possibility of cost reduction of the ACTF. The modified configuration of the boiler in Phase-2 (elimination of the existing pre-cleaning cyclones, etc.) magnifies the inlet dust loading at the ACTF and it calls for modifications in the ACTF to make it feasible with inlet gas with much higher dust loading. The modification works are under way and will continue until July 1998. The test operation is planned to resume in August 1998. This paper reviews the operating results of the ACTF during Wakamatsu demonstration test Phase-1 and gives brief description of the Phase-2 program.

Toriyama, Akira; Higashi, Katsumi; Maeno, Hiroshi; Saito, Tsunehiro; Mori, Mineo; Hori, Junji; Tsuji, Yasujiro

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

High payload six-axis load sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A repairable high-payload six-axis load sensor includes a table, a base, and at least three shear-pin load transducers removably mounted between the table and the base. Removable mounting permits easy replacement of damaged shear pins. Preferably, the shear-pin load transducers are responsive to shear forces imparted along the two axes perpendicular to an axis of minimum sensitivity characteristic of the transducer. Responsive to an applied shear force, each shear-pin load transducer can produce an electrical signal proportional to the reaction force. The load sensor can further include a structure for receiving the proportional electrical signals and computing the applied load corresponding to the proportional electrical signals. The computed load can be expressed in terms of a three-dimensional XYZ Cartesian coordinate system.

Jansen, John F. (Knoxville, TN); Lind, Randall F. (Knoxville, TN)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Disposal of Draeger Tubes at Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River Site (SRS) is a Department of Energy (DOE) facility located in Aiken, South Carolina that is operated by the Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC). At SRS Draeger tubes are used to identify the amount and type of a particular chemical constituent in the atmosphere. Draeger tubes rely on a chemical reaction to identify the nature and type of a particular chemical constituent in the atmosphere. Disposal practices for these tubes were identified by performing a hazardous waste evaluation per the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Additional investigations were conducted to provide guidance for their safe handling, storage and disposal. A list of Draeger tubes commonly used at SRS was first evaluated to determine if they contained any material that could render them as a RCRA hazardous waste. Disposal techniques for Draeger tubes that contained any of the toxic contaminants listed in South Carolina Hazardous Waste Management Regulations (SCHWMR) R.61-79. 261.24 (b) and/or contained an acid in the liquid form were addressed.

Malik, N.P.

2000-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

308

The Dynamics of Flux Tubes in a High Beta Plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We suggest a new model for the structure of a magnetic field embedded high $\\beta$ turbulent plasma, based on the popular notion that the magnetic field will tend to separate into individual flux tubes. We point out that interactions between the flux tubes will be dominated by coherent effects stemming from the turbulent wakes created as the fluid streams by the flux tubes. Balancing the attraction caused by shielding effects with turbulent diffusion we find that flux tubes have typical radii comparable to the local Mach number squared times the large scale eddy length, are arranged in a one dimensional fractal pattern, have a radius of curvature comparable to the largest scale eddies in the turbulence, and have an internal magnetic pressure comparable to the ambient pressure. When the average magnetic energy density is much less than the turbulent energy density the radius, internal magnetic field and curvature scale of the flux tubes will be smaller than these estimates. Realistic resistivity does not alter the macroscopic properties of the fluid or the large scale magnetic field. In either case we show that the Sweet-Parker reconnection rate is much faster than an eddy turnover time. Realistic stellar plasmas are expected to either be in the ideal limit (e.g. the solar photosphere) or the resistive limit (most of the solar convection zone). All current numerical simulations of three dimensional MHD turbulence are in the viscous regime and are inapplicable to stars or accretion disks.

E. T. Vishniac

1994-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

309

UBIQUITOUS SOLAR ERUPTIONS DRIVEN BY MAGNETIZED VORTEX TUBES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The solar surface is covered by high-speed jets transporting mass and energy into the solar corona and feeding the solar wind. The most prominent of these jets have been known as spicules. However, the mechanism initiating these eruption events is still unknown. Using realistic numerical simulations we find that small-scale eruptions are produced by ubiquitous magnetized vortex tubes generated by the Sun's turbulent convection in subsurface layers. The swirling vortex tubes (resembling tornadoes) penetrate into the solar atmosphere, capture and stretch background magnetic field, and push the surrounding material up, generating shocks. Our simulations reveal complicated high-speed flow patterns and thermodynamic and magnetic structure in the erupting vortex tubes. The main new results are: (1) the eruptions are initiated in the subsurface layers and are driven by high-pressure gradients in the subphotosphere and photosphere and by the Lorentz force in the higher atmosphere layers; (2) the fluctuations in the vortex tubes penetrating into the chromosphere are quasi-periodic with a characteristic period of 2-5 minutes; and (3) the eruptions are highly non-uniform: the flows are predominantly downward in the vortex tube cores and upward in their surroundings; the plasma density and temperature vary significantly across the eruptions.

Kitiashvili, I. N.; Kosovichev, A. G. [Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Lele, S. K.; Mansour, N. N.; Wray, A. A., E-mail: irinasun@stanford.edu [Center for Turbulence Research, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

310

Methods for Analyzing Electric Load Shape and its Variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

graphical displays of load data. We then define someAlthough simply overlaying load data from different timeprovide a good fit to load data in most buildings; their

Price, Philip

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Ultrasound-facilitated thrombolysis using tissue-plasminogen activator-loaded echogenic liposomes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Introduction Targeted delivery of thrombolytics to the site of occlusion is an attractive concept, with implications for the treatment of many thrombo-occlusive diseases. Ultrasound enhances thrombolysis, which can be augmented by the addition of a contrast agent. We have previously reported development of echogenic liposomes (ELIP) for targeted highlighting of structures with potential for drug and gene delivery. This study evaluated the potential of ELIP for thrombolytic loading, and the effect of ultrasound exposure of thrombolytic-loaded ELIP on thrombolytic efficacy. Materials and methods Tissue-plasminogen activator (tPA) was loaded into ELIP. Echogenicity was assessed and reported as mean grayscale values. Whole porcine clots were treated with plasma, free tPA, tPA + Optison® (echocontrast agent), or tPA-loaded ELIP, with and without ultrasound (1 MHz, continuous wave, 2 W/cm2, for 2 min). Clots were weighed before and after a 30-min treatment period, and results reported as percent clot mass loss. Results tPA entrapment into ELIP was feasible with 50% entrapment, and retention of echogenicity. Treatment with tPA-loaded ELIP resulted in effective clot lysis with an effect similar to treatment with free tPA. Ultrasound exposure of tPA-loaded ELIP resulted in enhanced thrombolysis (49.5% relative improvement vs. no ultrasound). Much of the ultrasound effect appeared to be related to drug release from the tPA–ELIP complex. Conclusions We have demonstrated entrapment of tPA into ELIP with effective clot lysis and drug release using ultrasound. Our tPA-loaded ELIP has potential for specific highlighting of clots to confirm agent delivery and help focus ultrasound therapy for targeted ultrasound-facilitated thrombolysis.

Susan D. Tiukinhoy-Laing; Shaoling Huang; Melvin Klegerman; Christy K. Holland; David D. McPherson

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Beam-loaded frequency shift study in an over-sized backward wave oscillator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The oversized backward wave oscillator (BWO) can significantly decreases the internal rf electric field in the device. The beam-loaded effect is obvious in such devices and its performance is also significantly affected. Based on the characteristics of the oversized BWO, a self-consistent equation is developed to study its beam-loaded frequency shift together with particle in cell (PIC) simulations. The mechanism whereby the output rf frequency is affected by the beam's parameters and the device's structure is theoretically studied. The frequency's dependence on the drift tube length between the reflector and SWS (slow wave structures) in the device is deduced in the paper and the theoretical results agree with those obtained in PIC simulations.

Li, Zhenghong [Science School, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621021 (China); Joint Laboratory for Extreme Conditions Matter Properties, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621021 (China); Zhou, Zhigang [Science School, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621021 (China); Qiu, Rong [Joint Laboratory for Extreme Conditions Matter Properties, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621021 (China)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

313

General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings Jump to: navigation, search Model Name General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings Building Type Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) Model Type 50% Energy Savings Model Target Type ASHRAE 90.1 2004 Model Year 2009 IDF file http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Miami/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_LPL_50percent.idf XML file http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Miami/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_LPL_50percent.xml City, State Miami, FL Climate Zone Climate Zone 1A Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=General_Merchandise_2009_TSD_Miami_Low_Plug_Load_50%25_Energy_Savings&oldid=270185" Category: Building Models

314

General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline Jump to: navigation, search Model Name General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline Building Type Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) Model Type Baseline Model Target Type ASHRAE 90.1 2004 Model Year 2009 IDF file http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Miami/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_LPL_Baseline.idf XML file http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Miami/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_LPL_Baseline.xml City, State Chicago, IL Climate Zone Climate Zone 5A Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=General_Merchandise_2009_TSD_Chicago_Low_Plug_Load_Baseline&oldid=270182" Category: Building Models What links here Related changes Special pages

315

General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings Jump to: navigation, search Model Name General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings Building Type Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) Model Type 50% Energy Savings Model Target Type ASHRAE 90.1 2004 Model Year 2009 IDF file http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Miami/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_LPL_50percent.idf XML file http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Miami/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_LPL_50percent.xml City, State Chicago, IL Climate Zone Climate Zone 5A Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=General_Merchandise_2009_TSD_Chicago_Low_Plug_Load_50%25_Energy_Savings&oldid=270181" Category: Building Models What links here Related changes

316

Thermal Behavior of Floor Tubes in a Kraft Recovery Boiler  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The temperatures of floor tubes in a slope-floored black liquor recovery boiler were measured using an array of thermocouples located on the tube crowns. It was found that sudden, short duration temperature increases occurred with a frequency that increased with distance from the spout wall. To determine if the temperature pulses were associated with material falling from the convective section of the boiler, the pattern of sootblower operation was recorded and compared with the pattern of temperature pulses. During the period from September, 1998, through February, 1999, it was found that more than 2/3 of the temperature pulses occurred during the time when one of the fast eight sootblowers, which are directed at the back of the screen tubes and the leading edge of the first superheater bank, was operating.

Barker, R.E.; Choudhury, K.A.; Gorog, J.P.; Hall, L.M.; Keiser, J.R.; Sarma, G.B.

1999-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

317

Cracking of Composite Modified Alloy 825 Primary Air Port Tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Twenty primary air ports fabricated from modified Alloy 825-based composite tubes underwent a metallurgical examination to document the mode and extent of cracking on the external fireside surface of a kraft recovery boiler. Collectively, the crack features found are most consistent with thermal fatigue, but corrosion fatigue cannot be ruled out. Regardless of the true cracking mechanism, temperature cycling is implicated as a critical factor for crack propagation. on the basis of the relative crack lengths observed, membrane welds and tube weld repairs, and their adjacent heat-affected zones, appear to be more susceptible to cracking than the cladding itself. This work suggests that mills should avoid boiler operating conditions that promote large temperature fluctuations, which can cause Alloy 825-based composite tubes to crack.

Kish, Joseph R. [Paprican; Keiser, James R [ORNL; Singbeil, Douglas [Paprican; Willoughby, Adam W [ORNL; Longmire, Hu Foster [ORNL

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Ubiquitous Solar Eruptions Driven by Magnetized Vortex Tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The solar surface is covered by high-speed jets transporting mass and energy into the solar corona and feeding the solar wind. The most prominent of these jets have been known as spicules. However, the mechanism initiating these eruptions events is still unknown. Using realistic numerical simulations we find that small-scale eruptions are produced by ubiquitous magnetized vortex tubes generated by the Sun's turbulent convection in subsurface layers. The swirling vortex tubes (resembling tornadoes) penetrate into the solar atmosphere, capture and stretch background magnetic field, and push surrounding material up, generating quasiperiodic shocks. Our simulations reveal a complicated high-speed flow patterns, and thermodynamic and magnetic structure in the erupting vortex tubes. We found that the eruptions are initiated in the subsurface layers and are driven by the high-pressure gradients in the subphotosphere and photosphere, and by the Lorentz force in the higher atmosphere layers.

Kitiashvili, I N; Lele, S K; Mansour, N N; Wray, A A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Summerville Tube Co - PA 24  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summerville Tube Co - PA 24 Summerville Tube Co - PA 24 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: SUMMERVILLE TUBE CO. (PA.24) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Bridgeport , Pennsylvania PA.24-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 PA.24-1 Site Operations: Metal fabrication research and development on uranium metal in the early 1940s - Cold drawing of tuballoy aluminum sheathing. PA.24-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for residual radioactive contamination considered remote due to limited scope of operations and quantity of radioactive material handled PA.24-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium PA.24-1 Radiological Survey(s): None Indicated Site Status: Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP

320

Heat exchanger performance calculations for enhanced-tube condenser applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The lack of a prediction method is sometimes used for the rejection of enhanced tubes for some condenser applications even though there is ample data from single-tube condensing experiments. Three methods are discussed that can be used to rate and/or size these multitube units based on the single-tube experimental results. The Kern vertical-number correction appears to be quite adequate for most operating conditions, the exceptions being large sizes and/or deep vacuum operation. The bundle-factor method is preferred for these applications; however, field test results are required to obtain this factor. If performance data are not available, pointwise or numerical methods are required but special care must be taken to insure that the adverse effects of noncondensable gas pockets and the saturation-temperature depression are properly addressed.

Rabas, T.J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Heat exchanger performance calculations for enhanced-tube condenser applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The lack of a prediction method is sometimes used for the rejection of enhanced tubes for some condenser applications even though there is ample data from single-tube condensing experiments. Three methods are discussed that can be used to rate and/or size these multitube units based on the single-tube experimental results. The Kern vertical-number correction appears to be quite adequate for most operating conditions, the exceptions being large sizes and/or deep vacuum operation. The bundle-factor method is preferred for these applications; however, field test results are required to obtain this factor. If performance data are not available, pointwise or numerical methods are required but special care must be taken to insure that the adverse effects of noncondensable gas pockets and the saturation-temperature depression are properly addressed.

Rabas, T.J.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Estimating Demand Response Load Impacts: Evaluation of Baseline Load Models for Non-Residential Buildings in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electric  interval  load  data  are  available  through details,  each uses electric load data from a period before using  customer  load  data  [KEMA  2003,  Quantum  2004, 

Coughlin, Katie; Piette, Mary Ann; Goldman, Charles; Kiliccote, Sila

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Rotating Target Development for SNS Second Target Station  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A rotating target for the second target station (STS) at SNS has been identified as an option along with a mercury target. Evaluation of the rotating target alternative for STS has started at 1.5 MW which is considered an upper bound for the power. Previous preconceptual design work for a 3 MW rotating target is being modified for the lower power level. Transient thermal analysis for a total loss of active water cooling has been done for a simplified 2D model of the target and shielding monolith which shows that peak temperatures are well below the level at which tungsten vaporization by steam could exceed site boundary dose limits. Design analysis and integration configuration studies have been done for the target-moderator-reflector assembly which maximizes the number of neutron beam lines and provides for replacement of the target and moderators. Target building hot cell arrangement for this option will be described. An option for operation in rough vacuum without a proton beam window using Ferro fluid seals on a vertical shaft is being developed. A full scale prototypic drive module based on the 3 MW preconceptual design has been fabricated and successfully tested with a shaft and mock up target supplied by the ESS-Bilbao team. Overall planning leading to decision between mercury and the rotating target in 2011 will be discussed

McManamy, Thomas J [ORNL; Rennich, Mark J [ORNL; Crawford, Roy K [ORNL; Geoghegan, Patrick J [ORNL; Janney, Jim G [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Evaluation of Heat Losses in Fire Tube Boiler  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract – The efficiency of oil fired fire tube boiler was calculated by evaluating the heat losses. Investigation on the performance of the boiler was conducted by examining the heat losses, identifying the reasons for losses, measuring the individual loss and developing a strategy for loss reduction. This study was carried out in Texmaco package horizontal fire tube boiler at Travancore Titanium Products Ltd (TTPL), Trivandrum, Kerala. The boiler efficiency was measured by indirect method. Heat losses in dry flue gas and due to unburned fuel were found to be the major problems. Since they were interrelated, installation of Zirconium oxygen sensor was recommended as a common remedy.

S. Krishnanunni; Josephkunju Paul C; Mathu Potti; Ernest Markose Mathew

325

DOE/ANL/HTRI heat exchanger tube vibration data bank  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Development of a new heat exchanger tube vibration data bank at Argonne National Laboratory is described. Comprehensive case histories on heat exchangers that have experienced tube-vibration problems and units that have been trouble-free are accumulated and this information is rendered available for evaluation, improvement, and development of vibration-prediction methods and design guidelines. Discussions include difficulties in generating a data bank, data form development, and solicitation efforts. Also included are 15 case histories upon which the data bank will be built. As new case histories are received, they will be assembled and published as addenda to this report.

Halle, H.; Chenoweth, J.M.; Wambsganss, M.W.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Failure analysis of spiral finned tube on the economizer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article describes the results of an investigation about the failure of spiral finned tube on a newly designed and retrofitted low pressure economizer in a 300 MW pulverized-coal-fired power plant. In order to find out the failure causes and to suggest preventive measures, phase compositions and macrostructure of the tube metal surface were investigated by X-Ray Diffraction and Scanning Electron Microscope equipped with energy dispersive X-Ray spectroscopy micro-analysis. The results show that the failure was principally owing to comprehensive multiphase erosion, an interaction of the fly ash wearing, flue gas washing and sulfurous acid corrosion. Recommendations are given to minimize such failures.

ZhiYuan Liang; QinXin Zhao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Continuation of Studies on Development of ODS Heat Exchanger Tubing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE), National Energy Technology Center (NETL), has initiated a strategic plan for the development of advanced technologies needed to design and build fossil fuel plants with very high efficiency and environmental performance. These plants, referred to as 'Vision 21' and FutureGen programs by DOE, will produce electricity, chemicals, fuels, or a combination of these products, and possibly secondary products such as steam/heat for industrial use. MA956 is a prime candidate material being considered for a high temperature heat exchanger in the 'Vision 21' and FutureGen programs. This material is an oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) alloy; however, there are some gaps in the data required to commit to the use of these alloys in a full-size plant. To fill the technology gaps for commercial production and use of the material for 'Advanced Power Generation Systems' this project has performed development activity to significant increase in circumferential strength of MA956 as compared to currently available material, investigated bonding technologies for bonding tube-to-tube joints through joining development, and performed tensile, creep and fire-side corrosion tests to validate the use and fabrication processes of MA956 to heat exchanger tubing applications. Development activities within this projected has demonstrated increased circumferential strength of MA956 tubes through flow form processing. Of the six fabrication technologies for bonding tube-to-tube joints, inertia friction welding (IFW) and flash butt welding (FBW) were identified as processes for joining MA956 tubes. Tensile, creep, and fire-side corrosion test data were generated for both base metal and weld joints. The data can be used for design of future systems employing MA956. Based upon the positive development activities, two test probes were designed and fabricated for field exposure testing at 1204 C ({approx}2200 F) flue gas. The probes contained tube portions with FBW and IFW welded MA956. Field testing of the probes and remaining heat exchanger design activity will be performed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory under DOE Contract DE-AC05-00OR22725.

Lawrence Brown; David Workman; Bimal Kad; Gaylord Smith; Archie Robertson; Ian Wright

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

328

Reservoir compaction loads on casings and liners  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pressure drawdown due to production from a reservoir causes compaction of the reservoir formation which induces axial and radial loads on the wellbore. Reservoir compaction loads increase during the production life of a well, and are greater for deviated wells. Presented here are casing and liner loads at initial and final pressure drawdowns for a particular reservoir and at well deviation angles of 0 to 45 degrees.

Wooley, G.R.; Prachner, W.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

1991 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study establishes the Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) planning basis for supplying electricity to BPA customers. The Loads and Resources Study is presented in three documents: (1) this summary of federal system and Pacific Northwest region loads and resources; (2) a technical appendix detailing forecasted Pacific Northwest economic trends and loads, and (3) a technical appendix detailing the loads and resources for each major Pacific Northwest generating utility. This analysis updates our 1990 study. BPS's long-range planning incorporates resource availability with a range of forecasted electrical consumption. The forecasted future electrical demands-firm loads--are subtracted from the projected capability of existing resources to determine whether BPA and the region will be surplus or deficit. If resources are greater than loads in any particular year or month, there is a surplus of energy and/or capacity, which BPA can sell to increase revenues. Conversely, if firm loads exceed available resources, there is a deficit of energy and/or capacity, then additional conservation, contract purchases, or generating resources will be needed to meet load growth. This study analyzes the Pacific Northwest's projected loads and available generating resources in two parts: (1) the loads and resources of the federal system, for which BPA is the marketing agency; and (2) the larger Pacific Northwest regional profile, which includes loads and resources in addition to the federal system. This study presents the federal system and regional analyses for five load forecasts: high, medium-high, medium, medium-low, and low. This analysis projects the yearly average energy consumption and resource availability for 1992- 2012.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Method for forming a layer of synthetic corrosion products on tubing surfaces  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is provided for forming a synthetic corrosion product layer on tube surfaces. The method utilizes two dissimilar materials with different coefficients of thermal expansion. An object tube and sacrificial tube are positioned one inside the other such that an annular region is created between the two tubes' surfaces. A slurry of synthetic corrosion products is injected into this annular region and the assembly is heat treated. This heat causes the tubes to expand, the inner tube with the higher coefficient of expansion expanding more than the outer tube, thereby creating internal pressures which consolidate the corrosion products and adhere the corrosion products to the tubing surfaces. The sacrificial tube may then be removed by conventional chemical etching or mechanical methods.

Lane, Michael H. (Clifton Park, NY); Salamon, Eugene J. M. (Clifton Park, NY)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Preliminary Evaluation of Load Management for Electricity End Users  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The planning, design and implementation of load management is complex and expensive. The results of a load management program are subject to numerous uncertainties related to load characteristics, power cost savings, load management costs...

Collier, S. E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In PJM for example, loads and generators that can follow theto generators and loads, who can follow operator’s second bya reflection of the load’s inability to follow minute-by-

Heffner, Grayson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

OpenEI Community - load profile  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

/0 en Commercial and /0 en Commercial and Residential Hourly Load Data Now Available on OpenEI! http://en.openei.org/community/blog/commercial-and-residential-hourly-load-data-now-available-openei <span class=Load data" src="http://en.openei.org/community/files/load_data_figure_small.jpg" style="width:527px; height:285px" title="" />Image source: NREL 

Files: 
application/zip icon

334

Building Technologies Office Load Control Strategies  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

BTO researches and implements load control strategies, which support the Sustainable and Holistic IntegratioN of Energy storage and Solar PV (SHINES) FOA.

335

Discovering and Loading Data with Power Query  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Discovering, loading, cleaning, and modifying source data is where Power Query comes in. Using this, the... Data Discovery—Find and connect to a myriad of data sources ...

Adam Aspin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Online Load Balancing for Related Machines 1 (Revised Piotr Berman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

s as follows: load(s; i) = 1 v i X s(j)=i p j ; Load(s) = max i load(s; i) It is easy to observe that findingOn­line Load Balancing for Related Machines 1 (Revised Version) Piotr Berman The Pennsylvania State of randomized algorithms for this problem. Key Words: on­line algorithm, load balancing, related machines

Karpinski, Marek

337

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Load Following)Imbalance Management (Load Following) Energy Imbalanceload participation in ancillary service markets, we offer the following

Heffner, Grayson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

RESEARCH ARTICLE OPEN ACCESS CFD Studies on Multi Lead Rifled [MLR] Boiler Tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper reports the merits of multi lead rifled [MLR] tubes in vertical water tube boiler using CFD tool. Heat transfer enhancement of MLR tubes was mainly taken in to consideration. Performance of multi lead rifled tube was studied by varying its influencing geometrical parameter like number of rifling, height of rifling, length of pitch of rifling for a particular length. The heat transfer analysis was done at operating conditions of an actual coal fired water tube boiler situated at Apollo Tyres LTD, Chalakudy, India for saturated process steam production. The results showed that the heat transfer increased when compared with existing inner plane wall water tubes.

Dr T C Mohankumar; Nice Thomachan

339

Method and apparatus for remote tube crevice detection by current and voltage probe resistance measurement  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for determining the extent of contact between an electrically conducting tube and an electrically conductive tubesheet surrounding the tube, based upon the electrical resistance of the tube and tubesheet. A constant current source is applied to the interior of the electrically conducting tube by probes and a voltmeter is connected between other probes to measure the voltage at the point of current injection, which is inversely proportional to the amount of contact between the tube and tubesheet. Namely, the higher the voltage measured by the voltmeter, the less contact between the tube and tubesheet. 4 figs.

Kikta, T.J.; Mitchell, R.D.

1992-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

340

Method and apparatus for remote tube crevice detection by current and voltage probe resistance measurement  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for determining the extent of contact between an electrically conducting tube and an electrically conductive tubesheet surrounding the tube, based upon the electrical resistance of the tube and tubesheet. A constant current source is applied to the interior of the electrically conducting tube by probes and a voltmeter is connected between other probes to measure the voltage at the point of current injection, which is inversely proportional to the amount of contact between the tube and tubesheet. Namely, the higher the voltage measured by the voltmeter, the less contact between the tube and tubesheet.

Kikta, Thomas J. (Pittsburgh, PA); Mitchell, Ronald D. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Thermally Induced Stresses in Functionally Graded Thick Tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thermal barrier coating for high temperature applications, a discrete layer of ceramic material is bondedThermally Induced Stresses in Functionally Graded Thick Tubes Senthil S. Vel and Rajeev Baskiyar method to obtain the temperature, displacements and thermal stresses. In addition to the thermal

Vel, Senthil

342

Knot energy in unstretching ergodic magnetic flux tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently Titov et al [ApJ \\textbf{693},(2009) and ApJ (2007)] have made use of a covariant model to investigate magnetic reconnection of astrophysical plasmas. Earlier R Ricca [Phys Rev A (1991)] has used another covariant formalism, to investigated vortex filaments and solitons. This formalism, called Ricci rotation coefficients (RRC), is applied here, to the Chui and Moffatt [PRSA (1995)] knotted magnetic flux tube (MFT) Riemann metric in the case of vanishing stretch. It is shown that, the vanishing of some components of the (RRC) leads to unstretching knotted tubes. Computing of magnetic knot energy in terms of the RCC, shows that, uniform, unstretching and constant cross-section tubes leads to a marginal dynamo action over magnetic surfaces. Recent investigation on the role of stretching in plasma dynamo action showed that in diffusive media [Phys Plasma \\textbf{14} (2008)], unstretching unknotted tubes would not support fast dynamo action. This result was generalized here to much more general knotted MF...

de Andrade, Garcia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

EA-1131: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Final Environmental Assessment EA-1131: Final Environmental Assessment Relocation of Neutron Tube Target Loading Operation, Los Alamos Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico This EA...

344

The Promise of Load Balancing the Parameterization of Moist Convection Using a Model Data Load Index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The parameterization of physical processes in atmospheric general circulation models contributes to load imbalances among individual processors of message-passing distributed-multiprocessor systems. Load imbalances increase the overall time to ...

S. P. Muszala; D. A. Connors; J. J. Hack; G. Alaghband

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Ultrasonic Concentration in a Line-Driven Cylindrical Tube  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fractionation of particles from their suspending fluid or noninvasive micromanipulation of particles in suspension has many applications ranging from the recovery of valuable reagents from process flows to the fabrication of microelectromechanical devices. Techniques based on size, density, solubility, or electromagnetic properties exist for fulfilling these needs, but many particles have traits that preclude their use such as small size, neutral buoyancy, or uniform electromagnetic characteristics. While separation by those techniques may not be possible, often compressibility differences exist between the particle and fluid that would allow fractionation by acoustic forces. The potential of acoustic separation is known, but due to inherent difficulties in achieving and maintaining accurate alignment of the transduction system, it is rarely utilized. The objective of this project is to investigate the use of structural excitation as a potentially efficient concentration/fractionation method for particles in suspension. It is demonstrated that structural excitation of a cylindrically symmetric cavity, such as a tube, allows non-invasive, fast, and low power concentration of particles suspended in a fluid. The inherent symmetry of the system eliminates the need for careful alignment inherent in current acoustic concentration devices. Structural excitation distributes the acoustic field throughout the volume of the cavity, which also significantly reduces temperature gradients and acoustic streaming in the fluid; cavitation is no longer an issue. The lowest-order coupled modes of a long cylindrical glass tube and fluid-filled cavity, driven by a line contact, are tuned, via material properties and aspect ratio, to achieve a coupled dipolar vibration of the system, shown to generate efficient concentration of particles to the central axis of the tube. A two dimensional elastodynamic model of the system was developed and subsequently utilized to optimize particle concentration within the system. The effects of tubing, fluid, and particle material properties, tube geometry, fluid flow, and tube length on the structural excitation and consequently power requirements and concentration quality within the tube were investigated theoretically and experimentally. Limitations of the method are discussed, as well as ways to minimize or compensate for deleterious effects. Finally a preliminary demonstration of the efficacy of acoustic concentration is presented.

G.R. Goddard

2004-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

346

Remote target removal for the Oak Ridge 86-inch Cyclotron  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A remotely operated target remover has been plaed in operation at the 86-Inch Cyclotron located in Oak Ridge. The system provides for the remote removal of a target from inside the cyclotron, loading it into a cask, and the removal of the cask from the 1.5 m (5-ft) shielding walls. The remote system consists of multiple electrical and pneumatically operated equipment which is designed for controlled step-by-step operation, operated with an electrical control panel, and monitored by a television system. The target remover has reduced the radiation exposures to operating personnel at the facility and has increased the effective operating time. The system is fast, requires a minimum of skill to operate, and has demonstrated both reliability and durability.

Walls, A.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Load Management DSM: Past, Present & Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Load Management has grown in acceptance over the past several decades as a reliable means to provide a demand-side resource of demand capacity. This paper first reviews the significant break-throughs of load management technology then sets the stage...

Gardner, E.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Thermionic converter in load-switching mode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An electrical equivalent circuit is proposed for a thermionic electrogenerating element. It is suitable for calculation of transients in load-switching mode. Formulas are given for estimating circuit parameters. A sample numerical calculation is given for the transient between no-load and short-circuit regimes. The results may be employed to identify experimental data in the frequency domain.

Mendel'baum, M.A.; Es'kov, V.D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

1997 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 1997 White Book is presented in two documents: (1) this summary of Federal system and Pacific Northwest region loads and resources; and (2) a technical appendix detailing the loads and resources for each major Pacific Northwest generating utility. Data detailing Pacific Northwest non-utility generating (NUG) resources is also available upon request. This analysis updates the 1996 pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study, published in December 1996. In this loads and resources study, resource availability is compared with a medium forecast of electricity consumption. This document analyzes the Pacific Northwest`s projected loads and available generating resources in two parts: (1) the loads and resources of the Federal system, for which BPA is the marketing agency; and (2) the larger Pacific Northwest regional power system which includes loads and resources in addition to the Federal system. This study presents the Federal system and regional analyses for the medium load forecast. This analysis projects the yearly average energy consumption and resource availability for Operating Years (OY) 1998--99 through 2007--08.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Effects of dynamic conditions and sheave efficiency on hook load, derrick load, and line tension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECTS OF DYNAMIC CONDITIONS AND SHEAVE EFFICIENCY ON HOOK LOAD, DERRICK LOAD, AND LINE TENSION A Thesis by GREGORY ROBERT LUKE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering EFFECTS OF DYNAMIC CONDITIONS AND SHEAVE EFFICIENCY ON HOOK LOAD, DERRICK LOAD, AND LINE TENSION A Thesis by GREGORY ROBERT LUKE Approved as to style and content by: Hans...

Luke, Gregory Robert

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Appears in Computer Architecture Letters, Volume 12 (2010) SMT-Directory: Efficient Load-Load Ordering for SMT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-thread "read" bit to every data cache line. When a load executes, it sets the bit corresponding to its threadAppears in Computer Architecture Letters, Volume 12 (2010) SMT-Directory: Efficient Load-Load, TSO, and PC enforce load-load ordering, requiring that loads from any single thread appear to occur

Roth, Amir

352

AUTOMATED WATER LEVEL MEASUREMENTS IN SMALL-DIAMETER AQUIFER TUBES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Groundwater contaminated with hexavalent chromium, strontium-90, and uranium discharges into the Columbia River along approximately 16 km (10 mi) of the shoreline. Various treatment systems have and will continue to be implemented to eliminate the impact of Hanford Site contamination to the river. To optimize the various remediation strategies, it is important to understand interactions between groundwater and the surface water of the Columbia River. An automated system to record water levels in aquifer sampling tubes installed in the hyporheic zone was designed and tested to (1) gain a more complete understanding of groundwater/river water interactions based on gaining and losing conditions ofthe Columbia River, (2) record and interpret data for consistent and defensible groundwater/surface water conceptual models that may be used to better predict subsurface contaminant fate and transport, and (3) evaluate the hydrodynamic influence of extraction wells in an expanded pump-and-treat system to optimize the treatment system. A system to measure water levels in small-diameter aquifer tubes was designed and tested in the laboratory and field. The system was configured to allow manual measurements to periodically calibrate the instrument and to permit aquifer tube sampling without removing the transducer tube. Manual measurements were collected with an e-tape designed and fabricated especially for this test. Results indicate that the transducer system accurately records groundwater levels in aquifer tubes. These data are being used to refine the conceptual and numeric models to better understand interactions in the hyporheic zone of the Columbia River and the adjacent river water and groundwater, and changes in hydrochemistry relative to groundwater flux as river water recharges the aquifer and then drains back out in response to changes in the river level.

PETERSEN SW; EDRINGTON RS; MAHOOD RO; VANMIDDLESWORTH PE

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

353

Combi Systems for Low Load homes  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

text styles text styles Combi Systems for Low Load Homes Center for Energy and Environment, NorthernSTAR, Ben Schoenbauer * Low load homes are more common than ever. * Typical space heating and DHW equipment have capacities larger than necessary * A single heating plant could provide high efficiency heat at lower costs, increased durability and improved combustion safety Context Technical Approach * A condensing water heater and hydronic air handler will used to provide space and water heating loads in almost 300 weatherized homes. * System specifications, sizing, and installation optimization guidelines were all developed. * Contractor capability was developed in MN market, but may not be developed in all local. 4 Recommended Guidance * Determine peak load on system: - Space heating design load (ie 40,000 Btu/hr)

354

Scaling of load in communications networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show that the load at each node in a preferential attachment network scales as a power of the degree of the node. For a network whose degree distribution is p(k)?k??, we show that the load is l(k)?k? with ?=??1, implying that the probability distribution for the load is p(l)?1/l2 independent of ?. The results are obtained through scaling arguments supported by finite size scaling studies. They contradict earlier claims, but are in agreement with the exact solution for the special case of tree graphs. Results are also presented for real communications networks at the IP layer, using the latest available data. Our analysis of the data shows relatively poor power-law degree distributions as compared to the scaling of the load versus degree. This emphasizes the importance of the load in network analysis.

Onuttom Narayan and Iraj Saniee

2010-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

355

Time and Cognitive Load 1 Time and Cognitive Load in Working Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time and Cognitive Load 1 Time and Cognitive Load in Working Memory Pierre Barrouillet*, Sophie Bourgogne Running head: Time and Cognitive Load Corresponding author: Pierre Barrouillet Pierre manuscript, published in "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 33, 3 (2007

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

356

Blinded by the load: attention, awareness and the role of perceptual load  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...while including novel data that demonstrate...between perceptual load and the fundamental...effects of perceptual load on visual detection...response gain, the data from each participant...Konstantinou, N. 2014 Data from: blinded by the load: attention, awareness...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

MEE 452: Example 3-2 ShellShell--andand--Tube Heat Exchanger Analysis:Tube Heat Exchanger Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

properties (var. T) corrections UA, NTU & = #12;MathCAD S&T HX analysis 6 of 7 HX effectiveness = Qduty & Th minmaxminmax min ,;; ,min)()( C C NTU C UA NTU TC q q q CCCcmCcmC UA CHCpCHpH #12;Tube arrangement in shell

Kostic, Milivoje M.

358

The OLYMPUS Internal Hydrogen Target  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An internal hydrogen target system was developed for the OLYMPUS experiment at DESY, in Hamburg, Germany. The target consisted of a long, thin-walled, tubular cell within an aluminum scattering chamber. Hydrogen entered at the center of the cell and exited through the ends, where it was removed from the beamline by a multistage pumping system. A cryogenic coldhead cooled the target cell to counteract heating from the beam and increase the density of hydrogen in the target. A fixed collimator protected the cell from synchrotron radiation and the beam halo. A series of wakefield suppressors reduced heating from beam wakefields. The target system was installed within the DORIS storage ring and was successfully operated during the course of the OLYMPUS experiment in 2012. Information on the design, fabrication, and performance of the target system is reported.

Bernauer, J C; Ciullo, G; Henderson, B S; Ihloff, E; Kelsey, J; Lenisa, P; Milner, R; Schmidt, A; Statera, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

The OLYMPUS Internal Hydrogen Target  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An internal hydrogen target system was developed for the OLYMPUS experiment at DESY, in Hamburg, Germany. The target consisted of a long, thin-walled, tubular cell within an aluminum scattering chamber. Hydrogen entered at the center of the cell and exited through the ends, where it was removed from the beamline by a multistage pumping system. A cryogenic coldhead cooled the target cell to counteract heating from the beam and increase the density of hydrogen in the target. A fixed collimator protected the cell from synchrotron radiation and the beam halo. A series of wakefield suppressors reduced heating from beam wakefields. The target system was installed within the DORIS storage ring and was successfully operated during the course of the OLYMPUS experiment in 2012. Information on the design, fabrication, and performance of the target system is reported.

J. C. Bernauer; V. Carassiti; G. Ciullo; B. S. Henderson; E. Ihloff; J. Kelsey; P. Lenisa; R. Milner; A. Schmidt; M. Statera

2014-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

360

Heat Transfer at Low Temperatures between Tube Walls and Gases in Turbulent Flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...September 1947 research-article Heat Transfer at Low Temperatures between Tube...counter-flow system to study heat transfer between tube walls and gases at...Determinations on friction accompanying heat transfer with gases in turbulent flow at...

1947-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Investigation into the Probable Cause of Failure of Economizer Tube of a Thermal Power Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this investigation, we examined the probable cause of failure of a welded joint of a economizer tube of a 210 MW thermal power ... scanning electron microscopic (SEM) examination of the economizer tube were ca...

Atanu Saha; H. Roy; A. K. Shukla

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Affecting the Gross Cooling Power of a Pulse Tube Cryocooler with Mass Flow Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To increase the cooling capacity of a pulse tube cryocooler the ... For a given pulse tube volume the gross cooling power is limited. Since the cooling effect originates from the phase shift angle ... we present ...

A. Waldauf; T. Schmauder; M. Thürk; P. Seidel

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Analysis and restoration of a 1960s ear vacuum tube AM-FM reflex receiver  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis details the analysis, restoration, and evaluation of a 1960s era vacuum tube AM-FM reflex receiver. External influences such as tax laws necessitated clever designs to minimize the use of expensive vacuum tubes ...

Golden, Adam J

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

E-Print Network 3.0 - aspiration neural tube Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

into the buffer 3. Transfer cell material into large glass tube 4. Add 1 ml CHCl3. Vortex 30 sec... and allow tubes to sit until phases separate. The rate of phase separate can...

365

Structure, ultrastructure, and histochemistry of the pollen tube pathway in the milkweed Asclepias exaltata L.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structure of the gynoecium and pollen tube pathway in unpollinated and pollinated carpels of Asclepias exaltata...L. has been characterized. Pollen tubes penetrate a dry-type stigma, grow intercellularly in a...

Tammy L. Sage; Elizabeth G. Williams

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Formation and Characterization of Hydride Blisters in Zircaloy-4 Cladding Tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a CANDU Zircaloy-2 pressure tube along an array of hydride blisters on the external surface is the material that replaced Zircaloy-2 alloy for pressure tubes in the CANDU reactors. In all these studies

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

367

Photosensitizer Conjugates For Pathogen Targeting  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Conjugate molecules which include photosensitizer compositions conjugated to non-antibody non-affinity pair targeting moieties and methods of making and using such conjugates are described.

Hasan, Tayyaba (Arlington, MA); Hamblin, Michael R. (Revere, MA); Soukos, Nikos (Revere, MA)

2002-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

368

POLARIZED TARGET EXPERIMENT AT FERMILAB  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Experiment 61 at Fermilab, which is a large collaborationBernie Sandler, From From Fermilab. Alan Jonckheere andTARGET EXPERIMENT AT FERMILAB Owen Chamberlain January 1977

Chamberlain, O.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Non-PGM Target Update  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

etc. * Volumetric activity no longer part of the metrics * No iR correction * No Tafel extrapolation to the reference potential (voltage) * Fuel cell performance targets on...

370

Measurements of Plasma Jets and Collimated Flux Tubes that are the Precursors of Spheromak Self-organization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A magnetized planar coaxial plasma gun is used to study the physics of spheromak formation. Eight magnetic flux tubes spanning from...the pile-up of this flux in the flux tube causes the flux tube to become colli...

P. M. Bellan; S. You; G. S. Yun

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Variability of Load and Net Load in Case of Large Scale Distributed Wind Power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large scale wind power production and its variability is one of the major inputs to wind integration studies. This paper analyses measured data from large scale wind power production. Comparisons of variability are made across several variables: time scale (10-60 minute ramp rates), number of wind farms, and simulated vs. modeled data. Ramp rates for Wind power production, Load (total system load) and Net load (load minus wind power production) demonstrate how wind power increases the net load variability. Wind power will also change the timing of daily ramps.

Holttinen, H.; Kiviluoma, J.; Estanqueiro, A.; Gomez-Lazaro, E.; Rawn, B.; Dobschinski, J.; Meibom, P.; Lannoye, E.; Aigner, T.; Wan, Y. H.; Milligan, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Investigation of a Single Stage Four-Valve Pulse Tube Refrigerator for High Cooling Power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss the optimization of a pulse tube refrigerator for high cooling power. Our approach is to increase the system...

T. Schmauder; A. Waldauf; M. Thürk; R. Wagner; P. Seidel

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Superheater Tube Corrosion in Wood Gasifier Ash Deposits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The upper operating temperature of tubes in heat exchangers/steam generators is strongly influenced by the degradation that can occur because of the reaction of the exchanger/generator tubing with the deposits that accumulate on the surface of the tubes. In fact, severe corrosion has been observed in some biomass fired systems, particularly with elevated potassium and chlorine concentrations in the deposits. Wood gasifiers have recently been and are currently being constructed at several sites in North America. In these systems, the syngas is burned to produce steam and the performance of the heat exchanger tubes under ash deposits is of great concern. As temperatures of the heat exchangers are increased in an effort to increase their operating efficiency, the performance of the tubes is of greater interest. The corrosion behavior of alloy steel tubes as a function of temperature has been investigated by exposing samples of selected alloys to ash collected from the steam generator fired by syngas produced in wood gasifiers. This study compares corrosion rates from laboratory exposures of synthesis gas and ash at 500 C and 600 C. This study investigated the material performance of four ferritic steels and one austenitic steel exposed to conditions expected on the fireside of a wood gasifier. The purpose of this study was to identify an effective method for determining material performance for samples exposed to both the process gas and the fly ash that is typically observed within the steam generator for times up to 1000 hours. Mass changes were measured for all of the samples, but this information can be misleading concerning material performance due to the difficulty in sufficiently cleaning the samples after exposure in the ash. Therefore, small cross sections of the samples were collected and imaged using optical microscopy. Oxide thicknesses were measured along with metal losses. The metal loss information provides a clear indication of material performance. The metal loss rates for the ferritic steels at 500 C were almost half of those observed at 600 C and the rates decreased with increasing exposure time. It was also reported that the metal loss rates generally decrease with increasing chromium concentration.

Bestor, Michael A [ORNL] [ORNL; Keiser, James R [ORNL] [ORNL; Meisner, Roberta A [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Dehumidification and cooling loads from ventilation air  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The importance of controlling humidity in buildings is cause for concern, in part, because of indoor air quality problems associated with excess moisture in air-conditioning systems. But more universally, the need for ventilation air has forced HVAC equipment (originally optimized for high efficiency in removing sensible heat loads) to remove high moisture loads. To assist cooling equipment and meet the challenge of larger ventilation loads, several technologies have succeeded in commercial buildings. Newer technologies such as subcool/reheat and heat pipe reheat show promise. These increase latent capacity of cooling-based systems by reducing their sensible capacity. Also, desiccant wheels have traditionally provided deeper-drying capacity by using thermal energy in place of electrical power to remove the latent load. Regardless of what mix of technologies is best for a particular application, there is a need for a more effective way of thinking about the cooling loads created by ventilation air. It is clear from the literature that all-too-frequently, HVAC systems do not perform well unless the ventilation air loads have been effectively addressed at the original design stage. This article proposes an engineering shorthand, an annual load index for ventilation air. This index will aid in the complex process of improving the ability of HVAC systems to deal efficiently with the amount of fresh air the industry has deemed useful for maintaining comfort in buildings. Examination of typical behavior of weather shows that latent loads usually exceed sensible loads in ventilation air by at least 3:1 and often as much as 8:1. A designer can use the engineering shorthand indexes presented to quickly assess the importance of this fact for a given system design. To size those components after they are selected, the designer can refer to Chapter 24 of the 1997 ASHRAE Handbook--Fundamentals, which includes separate values for peak moisture and peak temperature.

Harriman, L.G. III [Mason-Grant, Portsmouth, NH (United States); Plager, D. [Quantitative Decision Support, Portsmouth, NH (United States); Kosar, D. [Gas Research Inst., Chicago, IL (United States)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Heat Transfer Measurements for a Horizontal Micro-Tube Using Liquid Crystal Thermography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

62 TC02-007 Heat Transfer Measurements for a Horizontal Micro-Tube Using Liquid Crystal-tube and 1000m micro-tube. In the single-phase heat transfer experiments, the fully-developed flow heat transfer were also measured using thermocouples (TC). The results showed that the heat transfer coefficient

Ghajar, Afshin J.

376

Reduced adhesion of human blood platelets to polyethylene tubing by microplasma surface modification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reduced adhesion of human blood platelets to polyethylene tubing by microplasma surface of small-diameter polyethylene (PE) tubing. A microwave cavity diagnostic was used to measure the density tubing and the emitted light intensity was found. A poly(ethylene oxide) surfactant was immobilized

von Andrian, Ulrich H.

377

Augmentation of condensation heat transfer with electrohydrodynamics on vertical enhanced tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

condensation heat transfer performance on the outside surface of enhanced tubes. R-1 13 is the working fluid. Korodense (3.81 cm O.D.) and Turbo CIII (1.905 cm O.D.) enhanced tubes were tested. Smooth tubes (3.81 cm and 1.905 cm O.D.) served as the basis...

Motte, Edouard

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Analysis of cracking of co-extruded recovery boiler floor tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cracking of the stainless steel layer in co-extruded 304L/SA210 tubing used in black liquor recovery boilers is being found in an ever-increasing number of North American pulp and paper mills. Because of the possibility of a tube failure, this is a significant safety issue, and, because of the extra time required for tube inspection and repair, this can become an economic issue as well. In a project funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and given wide support among paper companies, boiler manufacturers, and tube fabricators, studies are being conducted to determine the cause of the cracking and to identify alternate materials and/or operating procedures to prevent tube cracking. Examination of cracked tubes has permitted characterization of crack features, and transmission electron microscopy is providing information about the thermal history, particularly cyclic thermal exposures, that tubes have experienced. Neutron and x-ray diffraction techniques are being used to determine the residual stresses in as-fabricated tube panels and exposed tubes, and finite element modeling is providing information about the stresses the tubes experience during operation. Laboratory studies are being conducted to determine the susceptibility of the co-extruded 304L/SA210 tubes to stress corrosion cracking, thermal fatigue, and corrosion in molten smelt. This paper presents the current status of these studies. On the basis of all of these studies, recommendations for means to prevent tube cracking will be offered.

Keiser, J.R.; Taljat, B.; Wang, X.L. [and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Mean and peak wind loads on heliostats  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mean and peak wind loads on flat rectangular or circular heliostats were measured on models in a boundary layer wind tunnel which included an atmospheric surface layer simulation. Horizontal and vertical forces, moments about horizontal axes at the ground level and at the centerline of the heliostat, and the moment about the vertical axis through the heliostat center were measured. Results showed that loads are higher than predicted from results obtained in a uniform, low-turbulence flow due to the presence of turbulence. Reduced wind loads were demonstrated for heliostats within a field of heliostats and upper bound curves were developed to provide preliminary design coefficients.

Peterka, J.A.; Tan, Z.; Cermak, J.E.; Bienkiewicz, B.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Synthesis of polyoxometalate-loaded epoxy composites  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The synthesis of a polyoxometalate-loaded epoxy uses a one-step cure by applying an external stimulus to release the acid from the polyoxometalate and thereby catalyze the cure reaction of the epoxy resin. Such polyoxometalate-loaded epoxy composites afford the cured epoxy unique properties imparted by the intrinsic properties of the polyoxometalate. For example, polyoxometalate-loaded epoxy composites can be used as corrosion resistant epoxy coatings, for encapsulation of electronics with improved dielectric properties, and for structural applications with improved mechanical properties.

Anderson, Benjamin J

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Current Speed in a Magnetic Annular Shock Tube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A parametric study of the speeds of the current sheet and center?of?gravity of current in a magnetic annular shock tube has been carried out. The parameters varied include: (1) the drive current (2) the polarity of the inner electrode (3) the gas pressure (4) the nature of the gas (5) the radius of the inner electrode and (6) the material of the inner electrode. The most interesting result of the investigation was the observation of limiting speeds for the current sheet and center?of?gravity of current of approximately 8 cm/?sec and 3 cm/?sec respectively. These speeds were not exceeded even under conditions where the magnetic pressure exceeded the dynamic pressure by a factor of 10. The most probable explanation of the limiting speed is that it is due to the inertial drag of material ablated from the insulator at the driver end of the shock tube.

James Keck

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Detailed structure of spinning detonation in a circular tube  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A single spinning detonation wave propagating in a circular tube, discovered experimentally in 1926, is simulated three-dimensionally with a detailed chemical reaction mechanism. The detonation front obtained numerically rotates periodically with a Mach leg, whiskers, and a transverse detonation. A long pressure trail, which is distributed from the transverse detonation to downstream, was reproduced, clearly showing that the pressure trail also spins synchronously with the transverse detonation. The formation of an unburned gas pocket behind the detonation front was not observed in the present simulations because the rotating transverse detonation completely consumed the unburned gas. The calculated profiles of instantaneous OH mass fraction have a keystone shape behind the detonation front. The numerical results for pitch, track angle, Mach stem angle, and incident shock angle on the tube wall agree well with the experimental results. (author)

Tsuboi, N. [Space Transportation Engineering Department, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Yoshinodai 3-1-1, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510 (Japan); Eto, K.; Hayashi, A.K. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aoyama Gakuin University, Fuchinobe 5-10-1, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8558 (Japan)

2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

383

Boiler tube failures in municipal waste-to-energy plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Waste-to-energy plants experienced increased boiler tube failures when the design changed from waste-heat boilers to radiant furnace waterwalls using superheat. Fireside attack by chlorine and sulfur compounds in refuse combustion products caused many forced outages in early European plants operating at high steam temperatures and pressures. Despite conservative steam conditions in the first US plants, failures occurred. As steam temperatures increased, corrosion problems multiplied. The problems have been alleviated by covering the waterwalls with either refractory or weld overlays of nickel-based alloys and using high nickel-chromium alloys for superheater tubes. Changes in furnace design to provide uniform combustion and avoid reducing conditions in the waterwall zone and to lower the gas temperature in the superheater also have helped minimize corrosion.

Krause, H.H.; Wright, I.G. [Battelle, Columbus, OH (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Friction Tests in Magnesium Tube Hydroforming at Elevated Temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In metal forming, lubricants have a variety of functions. The top priority is usually reduction of friction in order to increase the formability of the materials and reduce tool wear. Because magnesium alloys have very poor formability at room temperature, it is essential to manufacture a part from Magnesium alloys at elevated temperatures. The aim of this paper is to present a friction test method to evaluate the performance of different kinds of lubricants and determine their coefficients of friction at elevated temperatures in tube hydroforming of magnesium alloys. A self-designed experimental apparatus is used to carry out the experiments of friction tests. The coefficient of friction between the tube and die at guiding zone is determined. The effects of the internal pressure, the axial feeding velocity and temperatures on the friction forces and coefficients of friction for different lubricants are discussed.

Hwang, Yeong-Maw; Wang, Kuo-Hsing; Kuo, Tsung-Yu [National Sun Yat-Sen University-Department of Mechanical and Electro-mechanical Engineering, No.70, Lien-Hai Rd., Kaohsiung, Taiwan (China)

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

385

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record 9018: Platinum Group Metal Loading  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 Date: March 23, 2010 8 Date: March 23, 2010 Title: Platinum Group Metal Loading Originator: Jacob Spendelow, Kathi Epping Martin, and Dimitrios Papageorgopoulos Approved by: Sunita Satyapal Date: June 1, 2010 Item: Total content of platinum group metals (PGMs) in state-of-the-art polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell stacks has decreased by more than 80% since 2005. Improvement in performance and durability at low catalyst loading has allowed fuel cell developers to produce stacks with PGM content lower than the DOE 2010 target. DOE is on track to meet the 2015 PGM total content target on schedule. Supporting Information: DOE regularly determines fuel cell technology status using results reported by fuel cell developers. The results are reviewed in consultation with the FreedomCAR & Fuel

386

Aft-body loading function for penetrators based on the spherical cavity-expansion approximation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we develop an aft-body loading function for penetration simulations that is based on the spherical cavity-expansion approximation. This loading function assumes that there is a preexisting cavity of radius a{sub o} before the expansion occurs. This causes the radial stress on the cavity surface to be less than what is obtained if the cavity is opened from a zero initial radius. This in turn causes less resistance on the aft body as it penetrates the target which allows for greater rotation of the penetrator. Results from simulations are compared with experimental results for oblique penetration into a concrete target with an unconfined compressive strength of 23 MPa.

Longcope, Donald B., Jr.; Warren, Thomas Lynn; Duong, Henry

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Determination of the Number of Tube Rows to Obtain Closure for Volume Averaging Theory Based Model of Fin-and-Tube Heat Exchangers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fig. 3 Journal of Heat Transfer Grid system for 2-row caseDomain and Grid System. Since the fin-and- tube heat

Zhou, Feng; Hansen, Nicholas E; Geb, David J; Catton, Ivan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Low Power Photomultiplier Tube Circuit And Method Thereor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrical circuit for a photomultiplier tube (PMT) is disclosed that reduces power consumption to a point where the PMT may be powered for extended periods with a battery. More specifically, the invention concerns a PMT circuit comprising a low leakage switch and a high voltage capacitor positioned between a resistive divider and each of the PMT dynodes, and a low power control scheme for recharging the capacitors.

Bochenski, Edwin B. (Tracy, CA); Skinner, Jack L. (Brentwood, CA); Dentinger, Paul M. (Sunol, CA); Lindblom, Scott C. (Tracy, CA)

2006-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

389

Sandjet- A New Alternative for Cleaning Furnace Tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industrial Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April 26-29, 1981 The reaction in which oxygen combines with carbon to form carbon dioxide (C02) is a very efficient way of removing carbonaceous material. Since it is highly exothermic, steam is added... of tube walls. Shot peening is normally considered to be a superficial stress relieving technique and Sandjet cleaning can be considered to be analogous to in-place shot peening. Steam-air decoking previously described involves the exothermic reaction...

Pollock, C. B.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Flowrate effects upon adsorption in a charcoal sampling tube  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REFERENCES 1. Taylor, D. : NIOSH Manual of Anal tical Methods, 2nd Ed. National Institute for Occupatsona Safety and Hea th, Cincinnati (1977). 2. Bloomfield, B. D. in Air Sam lin Instruments for Evaluation of Atmos heric Contaminants, 5th Ed. pg. B-6... 28. Nader, J. S. in Air Sam lin Instruments for Evaluation of Atmos- heric Contaminants, 5th Ed. , pg. J-6. American Conference of overnmental Industrial Hygienists, Cincinnati (1978). APPENDIX A SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE NIOSH APPROVED SAMPLING TUBE...

Bolton, Fredric Newell

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Rotor for processing liquids using movable capillary tubes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rotor assembly for processing liquids, especially whole blood samples, is disclosed. The assembly includes apparatus for separating non-liquid components of whole blood samples from liquid components, apparatus for diluting the separated liquid component with a diluent and apparatus for transferring the diluted sample to an external apparatus for analysis. The rotor assembly employs several movable capillary tubes to handle the sample and diluents. A method for using the rotor assembly to process liquids is also described. 5 figs.

Johnson, W.F.; Burtis, C.A.; Walker, W.A.

1987-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

392

Definition: Base Load | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Load Load Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Base Load The minimum amount of electric power delivered or required over a given period at a constant rate.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Baseload (also base load, or baseload demand) is the minimum amount of power that a utility or distribution company must make available to its customers, or the amount of power required to meet minimum demands based on reasonable expectations of customer requirements. Baseload values typically vary from hour to hour in most commercial and industrial areas. Related Terms electricity generation, power, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from

393

S-Band Loads for SLAC Linac  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The S-Band loads on the current SLAC linac RF system were designed, in some cases, 40+ years ago to terminate 2-3 MW peak power into a thin layer of coated Kanthal material as the high power absorber [1]. The technology of the load design was based on a flame-sprayed Kanthal wire method onto a base material. During SLAC linac upgrades, the 24 MW peak klystrons were replaced by 5045 klystrons with 65+ MW peak output power. Additionally, SLED cavities were introduced and as a result, the peak power in the current RF setup has increased up to 240 MW peak. The problem of reliable RF peak power termination and RF load lifetime required a careful study and adequate solution. Results of our studies and three designs of S-Band RF load for the present SLAC RF linac system is discussed. These designs are based on the use of low conductivity materials.

Krasnykh, A.; Decker, F.-J.; /SLAC; LeClair, R.; /INTA Technologies, Santa Clara

2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

394

Advancements in rapid load test data regression.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Rate-dependent effects introduced during rapid and/or dynamic events have typically been oversimplified to compensate for deficiencies in present analyses. As load test results are generally… (more)

Stokes, Michael Jeffrey

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

LOAD SHEDDING IN DATA STREAM MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, we focus on a fundamental problem that is central to a DSMS. Namely, we investigate the problem of load shedding during temporary overload periods. This problem... ...

Sharma Chakravarthy; Qingchun Jiang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

AMTEC Response to Changes in Resistive Loading  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An important aspect of electric power supply systems is their inherent response time to rapid changes in loading demands. This presentation reviews the experimental response of an Alkali Metal Thermal Electric Converter (AMTEC) system when switched from open circuit to stable resistive loads. Our data show a nominal 35?Watt AMTEC converter responded rapidly throughout the power curve. Response times from open circuit to delivering 90% of peak DC current were within 0.25 milliseconds to 0.85 milliseconds for a range of electrically resistive loads at several typical AMTEC operational temperatures. Such response times to load changes suggest that AMTEC may be suitable as a primary power supply or backup power supply for critical space applications.

Robert W. Fletcher; Thomas K. Hunt

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Reducing Cache Traffic and Energy with Macro Data Load  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reducing Cache Traffic and Energy with Macro Data Load Lei Jin Sangyeun Cho Department of Computer data load, an efficient mechanism to enhance loaded value reuse. A macro data load brings (MVRT) shows the significantly increased reuse opportunities provided by macro data load. We also

Cho, Sangyeun

398

Information Resources: CALiPER: Troffers, Kits, and Tubes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CALiPER: Troffers, Kits, and Tubes CALiPER: Troffers, Kits, and Tubes This June 20, 2013 webcast reviewed the recently completed CALiPER Exploratory Study, Recessed Troffer Lighting, in which a group of lighting designers, engineers, and facility managers compared the performance of conventional fluorescent troffers with T8 LED tube retrofits, LED retrofit kits, and dedicated LED troffers. Troffers (1'×4', 2'×2', and 2'×4') comprise more than half of all luminaires installed in commercial applications, so switching to LED technology has the potential to yield significant energy and environmental benefits. During the webcast, Naomi Miller of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory explored troffer lighting as used in office and classroom spaces, and discussed not only documented performance in measures that go beyond illuminance and luminaire efficacy, but also new design considerations for LED troffers and LED retrofit products, and the kinds of testing and certification to look for in order to get the best results from these products.

399

Modelling Sawing of Metal Tubes Through FEM Simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper presents the development of a numerical model of the sawing process of AISI 304 thin tubes, which is cut through a circular blade with alternating roughing and finishing teeth. The numerical simulation environment is the three-dimensional FEM software Deform v.10.1. The teeth actual trajectories were determined by a blade kinematics analysis developed in Matlab. Due to the manufacturing rolling steps and subsequent welding stage, the tube material is characterized by a gradient of properties along its thickness. Consequently, a simplified cutting test was set up and carried out in order to identify the values of relevant material parameters to be used in the numerical model. The dedicated test was the Orthogonal Tube Cutting test (OTC), which was performed on an instrumented lathe. The proposed numerical model was validated by comparing numerical results and experimental data obtained from sawing tests carried out on an industrial machine. The following outputs were compared: the cutting force, the chip thickness, and the chip contact area.

Bort, C. M. Giorgio; Bosetti, P.; Bruschi, S. [Department of Mechanical and Structural Engineering, University of Trento, via Mesiano 77, 38123 Trento (Italy)

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

400

Load apparatus and method for bolt-loaded compact tension test specimen  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A bolt-loaded compact tension test specimen load apparatus includes: (a) a body having first and second opposing longitudinal ends, the first end comprising an externally threaded portion sized to be threadedly received within the test specimen threaded opening; (b) a longitudinal loading rod having first and second opposing longitudinal ends, the loading rod being slidably received in a longitudinal direction within the body internally through the externally threaded portion and slidably extending longitudinally outward of the body first longitudinal end; (c) a force sensitive transducer slidably received within the body and positioned to engage relative to the loading rod second longitudinal end; and (d) a loading bolt threadedly received relative to the body, the loading bolt having a bearing end surface and being positioned to bear against the transducer to forcibly sandwich the transducer between the loading bolt and loading rod. Also disclosed is a method of in situ determining applied force during crack propagation in a bolt-loaded compact tension test specimen. 6 figs.

Buescher, B.J. Jr.; Lloyd, W.R.; Ward, M.B.; Epstein, J.S.

1997-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Load apparatus and method for bolt-loaded compact tension test specimen  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A bolt-loaded compact tension test specimen load apparatus includes: a) a body having first and second opposing longitudinal ends, the first end comprising an externally threaded portion sized to be threadedly received within the test specimen threaded opening; b) a longitudinal loading rod having first and second opposing longitudinal ends, the loading rod being slidably received in a longitudinal direction within the body internally through the externally threaded portion and slidably extending longitudinally outward of the body first longitudinal end; c) a force sensitive transducer slidably received within the body and positioned to engage relative to the loading rod second longitudinal end; and d) a loading bolt threadedly received relative to the body, the loading bolt having a bearing end surface and being positioned to bear against the transducer to forcibly sandwich the transducer between the loading bolt and loading rod. Also disclosed is a method of in situ determining applied force during crack propagation in a bolt-loaded compact tension test specimen.

Buescher, Jr., Brent J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Lloyd, W. Randolph (Idaho Falls, ID); Ward, Michael B. (Idaho Falls, ID); Epstein, Jonathan S. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

PO. 254 Control of Power Train Loads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract summary Variable loads along the power train are the primary cause attributed to the failure of gears, bearings, and other mechanical components. The concept of anticipatory control applied to a wind power train is presented. This new approach to power train load management is based on the data reflecting the current status of the power train. The model driving the optimization of the power train loads considers four different objectives, including minimization of the torque variability and power maximization. A software tool for power train load management is presented. This new approach to power train load control is based on the data reflecting the current status of the power train. Such data is collected by a typical SCADA system. The model driving the optimization of the power train loads considers four different objectives, including minimization of the torque variability and power maximization. Details of the model that is applicable to different turbines are presented Objectives Goal: Transform a wind a farm into a wind power plant Example objectives: ? Minimization of the torque ramp rate ? Maximization of the power produced ? Maximization of the power quality Modify the shape of the power curve Methods Data mining/Knowledge discovery

Andrew Kusiak

403

Superior Corrosion Resistance Properties of TiN-Based Coatings on Zircaloy Tubes in Supercritical Water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thin films of TiN and Ti0.35Al0.65N nanocomposite were deposited on polished Zircaloy-4 tubes. After exposure to supercritical water for 48 h, the coated tubes are remarkably intact, while the bare uncoated tube shows severe oxidation and breakaway corrosion. X-ray diffraction patterns, secondary electron images, backscattered electron images, and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy data from the tube surfaces and cross-sections show that a protective oxide, formed on the film surface, effectively prevents further oxidation and corrosion to the Zircaloy-4 tubes. This result demonstrates the effectiveness of thin film ceramics as protective coatings under extreme environments.

Fauzia Khatkhatay; Liang Jiao; Jie Jian; Zhijie Jiao; Hongbin Zhang; Jian Gan; Haiyan Wang; Wenrui Zhang; Xinghang Zhang

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Direct Measurements of Pore Fluid Density by Vibrating Tube Densimetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The densities of pore-confined fluids were measured for the first time by means of a vibrating tube method. Isotherms of total adsorption capacity were measured directly making the method complementary to the conventional gravimetric or volumetric/piezometric adsorption techniques, which yield the excess adsorption (the Gibbsian surface excess). A custom-made high-pressure, high-temperature vibrating tube densimeter (VTD) was used to measure the densities of subcritical and supercritical propane (between 35 C and 97 C) and supercritical carbon dioxide (between 32 C and 50 C) saturating hydrophobic silica aerogel (0.2 g/cm3, 90% porosity) synthesized inside Hastelloy U-tubes. Additionally, excess adsorption isotherms for supercritical CO2 and the same porous solid were measured gravimetrically using a precise magnetically-coupled microbalance. Pore fluid densities and total adsorption isotherms increased monotonically with increasing density of the bulk fluid, in contrast to excess adsorption isotherms, which reached a maximum at a subcritical density of the bulk fluid, and then decreased towards zero or negative values at supercritical densities. Compression of the confined fluid significantly beyond the density of the bulk liquid at the same temperature was observed at subcritical temperatures. The features of the isotherms of confined fluid density are interpreted to elucidate the observed behavior of excess adsorption. The maxima of excess adsorption were found to occur below the critical density of the bulk fluid at the conditions corresponding to the beginning of the plateau of total adsorption, marking the end of the transition of pore fluid to a denser, liquid-like pore phase. The results for propane and carbon dioxide showed similarity in the sense of the principle of corresponding states. No measurable effect of pore confinement on the liquid-vapor critical point was found. Quantitative agreement was obtained between excess adsorption isotherms determined from VTD total adsorption results and those measured gravimetrically at the same temperature, confirming the validity of the vibrating tube measurements. Vibrating tube densimetry was demonstrated as a novel experimental approach capable of providing the average density of pore-confined fluids.

Gruszkiewicz, Miroslaw {Mirek} S [ORNL; Rother, Gernot [ORNL; Wesolowski, David J [ORNL; Cole, David R [ORNL; Wallacher, Dirk [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

U-178: VMware vMA Library Loading Error Lets Local Users Gain Elevated  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8: VMware vMA Library Loading Error Lets Local Users Gain 8: VMware vMA Library Loading Error Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges U-178: VMware vMA Library Loading Error Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges May 29, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in VMware vMA PLATFORM: Version(s): vMA 4.0, 4.1, 5 patch 1 (5.0.0.1) ABSTRACT: A local user can obtain elevated privileges on the target system. Reference Links: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027099 CVE-2012-2752 Vendor Advisory IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A local user can exploit a library loading error to cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target system with elevated privileges. Impact: Privilege escalation Solution: The vendor has issued a fix (vSphere Management Assistant 5.0 Patch 2 (5.0.0.2)). Addthis Related Articles T-591: VMware vmrun Utility Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges

406

Sub-wavelength waveguide loaded by a complementary electric metamaterial for vacuum electron devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the electromagnetic properties of a waveguide loaded by complementary electric split ring resonators (CeSRRs) and the application of the waveguide in vacuum electronics. The S-parameters of the CeSRRs in free space are calculated using the HFSS code and are used to retrieve the effective permittivity and permeability in an effective medium theory. The dispersion relation of a waveguide loaded with the CeSRRs is calculated by two approaches: by direct calculation with HFSS and by calculation with the effective medium theory; the results are in good agreement. An improved agreement is obtained using a fitting procedure for the permittivity tensor in the effective medium theory. The gain of a backward wave mode of the CeSRR-loaded waveguide interacting with an electron beam is calculated by two methods: by using the HFSS model and traveling wave tube theory; and by using a dispersion relation derived in the effective medium model. Results of the two methods are in very good agreement. The proposed all-metal structure may be useful in miniaturized vacuum electron devices.

Duan, Zhaoyun, E-mail: zhyduan@uestc.edu.cn [Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 167 Albany St., Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Institute of High Energy Electronics, School of Physical Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, No.4, Section 2, North Jianshe Road, Chengdu 610054 (China); Hummelt, Jason S.; Shapiro, Michael A., E-mail: shapiro@psfc.mit.edu; Temkin, Richard J. [Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 167 Albany St., Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

407

Power System Load Forecasting Based on EEMD and ANN  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to fully mine the characteristics of load data and improve the accuracy of power system load forecasting, a load forecasting model based on Ensemble Empirical Mode ... is proposed in this paper. Firstly,...

Wanlu Sun; Zhigang Liu; Wenfan Li

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Effect of palladium loaded activated carbons on hydrogen storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pd-loaded high surface area activated carbon (BAC-Pd) was produced from bamboo by carbonization and activation using potassium hydroxide with subsequent loading of palladium. The palladium loaded onto BACs appear...

Masaki Ohno; Nami Okamura; Tomohiro Kose; Takashi Asada…

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

General solutions for thermopiezoelectrics with various holes under thermal loading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

induced by thermal loads. The loads may be uniform remote heat ¯ow, point heat source and temperature elastic plate with an hole of various shapes subjected to remote uniform mechanical loading. For plane

Qin, Qinghua

410

The influence of multiple tubes on the tube-to-bed heat transfer in a fluidised bed L.M. Armstrong, S. Gu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for flow prediction in the past without heat transfer modelling. In the present study, a two-fluid EulerianThe influence of multiple tubes on the tube-to-bed heat transfer in a fluidised bed L.M. Armstrong Keywords: CFD Heat transfer Fluidised bed Eulerian a b s t r a c t There have been few studies modelling

411

Preparation, Characterization, and Preliminary Application of Fibrinogen-Coated Olive Oil Droplets for the Targeted Delivery of Docetaxel to Solid Malignancies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of Fibrinogen-Coated Olive Oil Droplets for the Targeted Delivery...Micronized droplets of olive oil loaded with docetaxel (1.0...The area of the absorbance peak that was centered about a retention...Vitro of Docetaxel-Loaded Olive Oil Droplets. We prepared and characterized...

Abhijeet S. Jakate; Charity M. Einhaus; Ashley P. DeAnglis; Gregory S. Retzinger; and Pankaj B. Desai

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Countdown to Fixed Target INSIDE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

17, 1996 17, 1996 Number 10 Countdown to Fixed Target INSIDE 2 University Close-Up: The University of Illinois 4 Tollestrup Elected to National Academy 5 Bardeen Receives Sakurai Prize 6 Take Your Daughters and Sons to Work Day "At this moment," Fermilab Director John Peoples told the House Subcommittee on Energy and Environment in testimony deliv- ered in Washington on May 8, "Fermilab is in the midst of the transition from collider opera- tions to fixed-target operations. In June, we will begin extracting a beam of protons from the Tevatron, the highest-energy external beam in the world. By directing this beam onto eight targets we will create eight distinct particle beams that will in turn support 10 unique experiments. Although fixed-target experi- ments cannot explore the high-energy frontier

413

Local Soot Loading Distribution in Cordierite Diesel Particulate...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Local Soot Loading Distribution in Cordierite Diesel Particulate Filters by Dynamic Neutron Radiography Local Soot Loading Distribution in Cordierite Diesel Particulate Filters by...

414

Thermal Cycling Combined with Dynamic Mechanical Load: Preliminary...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Load: Preliminary Report This PowerPoint presentation summarizes the efforts of the team led by ESPEC Corp. to investigate thermal cycling combined with dynamic mechanical load, a...

415

Load Shedding in Data Stream Management Systems Using Application Semantics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data Stream Management Systems (DSMSs) process highly ... literature, including capacity planning, scheduling, and load shedding. Existing load shedding approaches drop tuples either randomly or based on the char...

Raman Adaikkalavan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Characterization of Dynamic Loads on Solar Modules with Respect...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Characterization of Dynamic Loads on Solar Modules with Respect to Fracture of Solar Cells Characterization of Dynamic Loads on Solar Modules with Respect to Fracture of Solar...

417

The Development of a Small Engine Based Accelerated Ash Loading...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Accelerated Ash Loading Protocol The Development of a Small Engine Based Accelerated Ash Loading Protocol Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006, Detroit, Michigan....

418

Transmission Reliability "Load as a Resource" Peer Review Materials...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transmission Reliability "Load as a Resource" Peer Review Materials Now Available Transmission Reliability "Load as a Resource" Peer Review Materials Now Available September 25,...

419

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used Nuclear Fuel Loading...

420

High Transverse Momentum Direct Photon Production at Fermilab Fixed-Target Energies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis describes a study of the production of high transverse momentum direct photons and {pi}{sup 0} mesons by proton beams at 530 and 800 GeV/c and {pi}{sup -} beams at 515 GeV/c incident on beryllium, copper, and liquid hydrogen targets. The data were collected by Fermilab experiment E706 during the 1990 and 1991-92 fixed target runs. The apparatus included a large, finely segmented lead and liquid argon electromagnetic calorimeter and a charged particle spectrometer featuring silicon strip detectors in the target region and proportional wire chambers and drift tubes downstream of a large aperture analysis magnet. The inclusive cross sections are presented as functions of transverse momentum and rapidity. The measurements are compared with next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations and to results from previous experiments.

Apanasevich, Leonard; /Michigan State U.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

A comparison of measured wind park load histories with the WISPER and WISPERX load spectra  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The blade-loading histories from two adjacent Micon 65/13 wind turbines are compared with the variable-amplitude test-loading histories known as the WISPER and WISPERX spectra. These standardized loading sequences were developed from blade flapwise load histories taken from nine different horizontal-axis wind turbines operating under a wide range of conditions in Europe. The subject turbines covered a broad spectrum of rotor diameters, materials, and operating environments. The final loading sequences were developed as a joint effort of thirteen different European organizations. The goal was to develop a meaningful loading standard for horizontal-axis wind turbine blades that represents common interaction effects seen in service. In 1990, NREL made extensive load measurements on two adjacent Micon 65/13 wind turbines in simultaneous operation in the very turbulent environment of a large wind park. Further, before and during the collection of the loads data, comprehensive measurements of the statistics of the turbulent environment were obtained at both the turbines under test and at two other locations within the park. The trend to larger but lighter wind turbine structures has made an understanding of the expected lifetime loading history of paramount importance. Experience in the US has shown that the turbulence-induced loads associated with multi-row wind parks in general are much more severe than for turbines operating individually or within widely spaced environments. Multi-row wind parks are much more common in the US than in Europe. In this paper we report on our results in applying the methodology utilized to develop the WISPER and WISPERX standardized loading sequences using the available data from the Micon turbines. While the intended purpose of the WISPER sequences were not to represent a specific operating environment, we believe the exercise is useful, especially when a turbine design is likely to be installed in a multi-row wind park.

Kelley, N.D.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

An Optimized Autoregressive Forecast Error Generator for Wind and Load Uncertainty Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a first-order autoregressive algorithm to generate real-time (RT), hour-ahead (HA), and day-ahead (DA) wind and load forecast errors. The methodology aims at producing random wind and load forecast time series reflecting the autocorrelation and cross-correlation of historical forecast data sets. Five statistical characteristics are considered: the means, standard deviations, autocorrelations, and cross-correlations. A stochastic optimization routine is developed to minimize the differences between the statistical characteristics of the generated time series and the targeted ones. An optimal set of parameters are obtained and used to produce the RT, HA, and DA forecasts in due order of succession. This method, although implemented as the first-order regressive random forecast error generator, can be extended to higher-order. Results show that the methodology produces random series with desired statistics derived from real data sets provided by the California Independent System Operator (CAISO). The wind and load forecast error generator is currently used in wind integration studies to generate wind and load inputs for stochastic planning processes. Our future studies will focus on reflecting the diurnal and seasonal differences of the wind and load statistics and implementing them in the random forecast generator.

De Mello, Phillip; Lu, Ning; Makarov, Yuri V.

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

423

Large passive pressure tube light water reactor with voided calandria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A reactor concept has been developed that can survive loss-of-coolant accidents (LOCAs) without scram and without replenishing primary coolant inventory while maintaining safe temperature limits on the fuel and pressure tube. The proposed concept is a pressure tube reactor of similar design to Canada deuterium uranium reactors but differing in three key aspects. First, a solid silicon carbide-coated graphite fuel matrix is used in place of fuel pin bundles to enable the dissipation of decay heat from the fuel in the absence of primary coolant. Second, the heavy water coolant in the pressure tubes is replaced by light water, which also serves as the moderator. Finally, the calandria tank, surrounded by a graphite reflector, contains a low-pressure gas instead of heavy water moderator, and this normally voided calandria is connected to a light water heat sink. The cover gas displaces the light water from the calandria during normal operation while during a LOCA or loss of heat sink accident, it allows passive calandria flooding. Calandria flooding also provides redundant and diverse reactor shutdown. The fuel elements can operate under post-critical-heat-flux conditions even at full power without exceeding fuel design limits. The heterogeneous arrangement of the fuel and moderator ensures a negative void coefficient under all circumstances. Although light water is used as both coolant and moderator, the reactor exhibits a high degree of neutron thermalization and a large prompt neutron lifetime, similar to D{sub 2}O-moderated cores. Moreover, the extremely large neutron migration length results in a strongly coupled core with a flat thermal flux profile and inherent stability against xenon spatial oscillations.

Hejzlar, P.; Todreas, N.E.; Driscoll, M.J. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Advanced Mud System for Microhole Coiled Tubing Drilling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An advanced mud system was designed and key components were built that augment a coiled tubing drilling (CTD) rig that is designed specifically to drill microholes (less than 4-inch diameter) with advanced drilling techniques. The mud system was tailored to the hydraulics of the hole geometries and rig characteristics required for microholes and is capable of mixing and circulating mud and removing solids while being self contained and having zero discharge capability. Key components of this system are two modified triplex mud pumps (High Pressure Slurry Pumps) for advanced Abrasive Slurry Jetting (ASJ) and a modified Gas-Liquid-Solid (GLS) Separator for well control, flow return and initial processing. The system developed also includes an additional component of an advanced version of ASJ which allows cutting through most all materials encountered in oil and gas wells including steel, cement, and all rock types. It includes new fluids and new ASJ nozzles. The jetting mechanism does not require rotation of the bottom hole assembly or drill string, which is essential for use with Coiled Tubing (CT). It also has low reactive forces acting on the CT and generates cuttings small enough to be easily cleaned from the well bore, which is important in horizontal drilling. These cutting and mud processing components and capabilities compliment the concepts put forth by DOE for microhole coiled tubing drilling (MHTCTD) and should help insure the reality of drilling small diameter holes quickly and inexpensively with a minimal environmental footprint and that is efficient, compact and portable. Other components (site liners, sump and transfer pumps, stacked shakers, filter membranes, etc.. ) of the overall mud system were identified as readily available in industry and will not be purchased until we are ready to drill a specific well.

Kenneth Oglesby

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Sonic Load History Recorder. I. Feasibility Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acoustic loads to which an aircraft is subjected during its lifetime must be known for structural?fatigue analysis in aircraft design. The Sonic Load History Recorder senses filters smooths and records some measure of the length of time the sound pressure has spent in a given level band. Sound?pressure?level distributions over long periods of time are calculated for a present?day aircraft from engine?operating parameters operational characteristics of the aircraft and from ambient atmospheric conditions. The requirements for a device which is designed to provide a useful description of acoustic loads at a point on an operational aircraft are developed on the basis of the SPL histories and fatigue criteria. [This work was supported under U. S. Air Force Contract AF 33(616)?7789.

N. Doelling; D. Noiseux

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Independent review of estimated load reductions for PJM's small customer load response pilot project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

water heater (EWH) load control program operated as part of PJM Interconnection’s Demand ResponseDemand Response Economic and Emergency Load Response Programs Electric Thermal Storage Electric Water Heaterwater pumps and electric thermal storage space heaters. The CSP is also participating in PJM’s pilot Demand Response

Heffner, G.; Moezzi, M.; Goldman, C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Reconstruction of a wind turbine's endured load spectrum using a short-time load measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reconstruction of a wind turbine's endured load spectrum using a short-time load measurement Abstract Wind turbines (WT) are normally designed for a service life (SL) of 20 years. In Germany, over safety. 1 Introduction A wind turbine (WT) is normally designed, tested and certified for a design life

Berlin,Technische Universität

428

Modality Effects on Cognitive Load and Performance in High-Load Information Presentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTRODUCTION Intelligent human-computer interfaces are often multimodal, i.e. the human-computer communications into the modality planning procedure for systems that support high-load human-computer interaction. Author Keywords-load information presenta- tion scenario. Mainly based on modality-related psychology theories, we selected five

Theune, Mariët

429

The effect of roughness on aerosol deposition in tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the Reynolds number. The data formed a peculiar dip at a Reynolds number between 2000 and 10, 000 (depending on roughness) and remained fairly constant for increased Reynolds number. Nikuradse concluded that when the thickness of the laminar layer is greater...). The experiments of Wirtz and Chen (1991) were conducted on internally transverse finned (ribbed) tubes for a Reynolds number range of 2000 - 8000 and various rib spacings (3 - 18 mm) and heights (12 - 18 mm), using air as the fluid media. Their experimental...

Chavez, Mario Cesar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

430

Uranium Neutron Coincidence Collar Model Utilizing Boron-10 Lined Tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security (NA-241) is supporting the project Coincidence Counting With Boron-Based Alternative Neutron Detection Technology at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the development of a 3He proportional counter alternative neutron coincidence counter. The goal of this project is to design, build and demonstrate a system based upon 10B-lined proportional tubes in a configuration typical for 3He-based coincidence counter applications. This report, providing results for model development of Alternative Boron-Based Uranium Neutron Coincidence Collar (ABUNCL) designs, is a deliverable under Task 2 of the project.

Rogers, Jeremy L.; Ely, James H.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Lintereur, Azaree T.; Siciliano, Edward R.

2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

431

Cooling for a rotating anode X-ray tube  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for cooling a rotating anode X-ray tube. An electromagnetic motor is provided to rotate an X-ray anode with cooling passages in the anode. These cooling passages are coupled to a cooling structure located adjacent the electromagnetic motor. A liquid metal fills the passages of the cooling structure and electrical power is provided to the motor to rotate the anode and generate a rotating magnetic field which moves the liquid metal through the cooling passages and cooling structure.

Smither, Robert K. (Hinsdale, IL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Taking a Bite out of Lighting Loads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Take a Bite Out of Lighting Loads With LEDs Stephen Williams Toshiba Sales Support Manager ESL-KT-13-12-34 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 Some LED Advantages • Less electricity ? 18w LED... = 100w PAR38 • No maintenance for years ? 50,000 LED vs.10,000 CFL • Improved light quality ? 80 CRI LED vs. 25 CRI HPS • Reduce HVAC cooling load • Advanced control options ESL-KT-13-12-34 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San...

Williams, S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Cosmogenic activation of a natural tellurium target  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

130Te is one of the candidates for the search for neutrinoless double beta decay. It is currently planned to be used in two experiments: CUORE and SNO+. In the CUORE experiment TeO2 crystals cooled at cryogenic temperatures will be used. In the SNO+ experiment natTe will be deployed up to 0.3% loading in the liquid scintillator volume. A possible background for the signal searched for, are the high Q-value, long-lived isotopes, produced by cosmogenic neutron and proton spallation reaction on the target material. A total of 18 isotopes with Q-value larger than 2 MeV and T1/2 >20 days have been identified as potential backgrounds. In addition low Q-value, high rate isotopes can be problematic due to pile-up effects, specially in liquid scintillator based detectors. Production rates have been calculated using the ACTIVIA program, the TENDL library, and the cosmogenic neutron and proton flux parametrization at sea level from Armstrong and Gehrels for both long and short lived isotopes. The obtained values for the...

Lozza, V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Extrusion of Aluminum Tubes with Axially Graded Wall Thickness and Mechanical Characterization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this study the indirect extrusion of seamless aluminum tubes with variable wall thickness was investigated. Therefore, an axially moveable stepped mandrel was applied. Investigations revealed that wall thickness transitions can either be graded over the tube length or very sharp. The microstructures in thin-walled and thick-walled tube sections were investigated. The local variation of the extrusion ratio and with that the tube wall thickness, product velocity and product temperature during the process lead to significantly different local microstructures at TB=400 °C. At TB=500 °C the microstructure was homogeneously recrystallized with similar grain size in all different tube sections. Furthermore, the mechanical tube properties were characterized by three point bending tests.

M. Negendank; S. Müller; W. Reimers

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Fouling of HVAC fin and tube heat exchangers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fin and tube heat exchangers are used widely in residential, commercial and industrial HVAC applications. Invariably, indoor and outdoor air contaminants foul these heat exchangers. This fouling can cause decreased capacity and efficiency of the HVAC equipment as well as indoor air quality problems related to microbiological growth. This paper describes laboratory studies to investigate the mechanisms that cause fouling. The laboratory experiments involve subjecting a 4.7 fins/cm (12 fins/inch) fin and tube heat exchanger to an air stream that contains monodisperse particles. Air velocities ranging from 1.5-5.2 m/s (295 ft/min-1024 ft/min) and particle sizes from 1--8.6 {micro}m are used. The measured fraction of particles that deposit as well as information about the location of the deposited material indicate that particles greater than about 1 {micro}m contribute to fouling. These experimental results are used to validate a scaling analysis that describes the relative importance of several deposition mechanisms including impaction, Brownian diffusion, turbophoresis, thermophoresis, diffusiophoresis, and gravitational settling. The analysis is extended to apply to different fin spacings and particle sizes typical of those found in indoor air.

Siegel, Jeffrey; Carey, Van P.

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Rheological fluid motion in tube by metachronal wave of cilia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this paper is a theoretical study of a non-linear problem of rheological fluid transport in an axisymmetric tube by cilium. However, an attempt has been made to explain the role of cilia motion on the transport of fluid through the ductus efferentes of the male reproductive tract. Ostwald-de Waele power law viscous fluid has been considered to represent the rheological fluid to analyze pumping by means of a sequence of beat of cilia from row to row of cilia in a given row of cells and from one row of cells to the next (metachronal wave movement) under conditions for which the corresponding Reynolds number is small enough for inertial effects to be negligible and the wavelength to diameter ratio is large enough for the pressure to be considered uniform over the cross-section. Analyses and computations of the detailed fluid motions reveal that the time-averaged flow rates are directly dependent on epsilon, a non-dimensional measure involving the mean radius R of the tube and the cilia length. Thu...

Maiti, S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

On-line Load Balancing for Related Machines 1 Piotr Berman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

s and Load(s), the load of entire schedule s as follows: load(s;i) = 1 vi X s(j)=i pj; Load(s) = maxi loadOn-line Load Balancing for Related Machines 1 (Revised Version) Piotr Berman The Pennsylvania State for this problem. Key Words: on-line algorithm, load balancing, related machines, competitive ratio 1A preliminary

Eckmiller, Rolf

438

Duet: Cloud Scale Load Balancing with Hardware and Rohan Gandhi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that scale using a distributed data plane that runs on commodity servers. Software load balancers offer low overlooked resource in the data center networks � the switches themselves. We show how to embed the load-DC traffic. This traffic volume induces heavy load on both data plane and control plane of the load balancer

Zhang, Ming

439

Randomized Load Balancing by Joining and Splitting Bins James Aspnes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consider the following load balancing scenario: a certain amount of work load is distributed among a setRandomized Load Balancing by Joining and Splitting Bins James Aspnes Yitong Yin § 1 Introduction, one of the existing machines gives some of its load to the new machine; and upon a departure

Aspnes, James

440

Stochastic service load simulation for engineering structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...at the design stage of an engineering structure, both global and...is relevant to other core engineering industry sectors. This paper...simulated Jack-up offshore load history (JOSH) developed for use...fatigue|fracture mechanics|engineering structures|

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Economic load dispatch using improved harmony search  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the use of the improved harmony search method for solving economic load dispatch problems. The harmony search method mimics a jazz improvisation process by musicians in order to seek a fantastic state of harmony. To assess the searching ... Keywords: adaptive tabu search, economic dispatch, evolutionary programming, genetic algorithms, particle swarm optimization

T. Ratniyomchai; A. Oonsivilai; P. Pao-La-Or; T. Kulworawanichpong

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Load Tilt and Body Tilt at Bidston  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......to Tidal Load,Memoirs of the Imperial Marine Observatory, 1, No. 1, 1922 June...that the possibilities of error due to wear in the cone and cup should be made known...1932 September. Memoirs of the Imperial Marine Observatory, I, No. I, 1922June. the......

A. T. Doodson; R. H. Corkan

1934-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

1995 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The study establishes the planning basis for supplying electricity to customers. The study presents projections of regional and Federal system load and resource capabilities, and serves as a benchmark for annual BPA determinations made pursuant to the 1981 regional power sales contracts.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Valve for fuel pin loading system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cyclone valve surrounds a wall opening through which cladding is projected. An axial valve inlet surrounds the cladding. Air is drawn through the inlet by a cyclone stream within the valve. An inflatable seal is included to physically engage a fuel pin subassembly during loading of fuel pellets.

Christiansen, D.W.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Valve for fuel pin loading system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cyclone valve surrounds a wall opening through which cladding is projected. An axial valve inlet surrounds the cladding. Air is drawn through the inlet by a cyclone stream within the valve. An inflatable seal is included to physically engage a fuel pin subassembly during loading of fuel pellets.

Christiansen, David W. (Kennewick, WA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Microhole High-Pressure Jet Drill for Coiled Tubing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tempress Small Mechanically-Assisted High-Pressure Waterjet Drilling Tool project centered on the development of a downhole intensifier (DHI) to boost the hydraulic pressure available from conventional coiled tubing to the level required for high-pressure jet erosion of rock. We reviewed two techniques for implementing this technology (1) pure high-pressure jet drilling and (2) mechanically-assisted jet drilling. Due to the difficulties associated with modifying a downhole motor for mechanically-assisted jet drilling, it was determined that the pure high-pressure jet drilling tool was the best candidate for development and commercialization. It was also determined that this tool needs to run on commingled nitrogen and water to provide adequate downhole differential pressure and to facilitate controlled pressure drilling and descaling applications in low pressure wells. The resulting Microhole jet drilling bottomhole assembly (BHA) drills a 3.625-inch diameter hole with 2-inch coil tubing. The BHA consists of a self-rotating multi-nozzle drilling head, a high-pressure rotary seal/bearing section, an intensifier and a gas separator. Commingled nitrogen and water are separated into two streams in the gas separator. The water stream is pressurized to 3 times the inlet pressure by the downhole intensifier and discharged through nozzles in the drilling head. The energy in the gas-rich stream is used to power the intensifier. Gas-rich exhaust from the intensifier is conducted to the nozzle head where it is used to shroud the jets, increasing their effective range. The prototype BHA was tested at operational pressures and flows in a test chamber and on the end of conventional coiled tubing in a test well. During instrumented runs at downhole conditions, the BHA developed downhole differential pressures of 74 MPa (11,000 psi, median) and 90 MPa (13,000 psi, peaks). The median output differential pressure was nearly 3 times the input differential pressure available from the coiled tubing. In a chamber test, the BHA delivered up to 50 kW (67 hhp) hydraulic power. The tool drilled uncertified class-G cement samples cast into casing at a rate of 0.04 to 0.17 m/min (8 to 33 ft/hr), within the range projected for this tool but slower than a conventional PDM. While the tool met most of the performance goals, reliability requires further improvement. It will be difficult for this tool, as currently configured, to compete with conventional positive displacement downhole motors for most coil tubing drill applications. Mechanical cutters on the rotating nozzle head would improve cutting. This tool can be easily adapted for well descaling operations. A variant of the Microhole jet drilling gas separator was further developed for use with positive displacement downhole motors (PDM) operating on commingled nitrogen and water. A fit-for-purpose motor gas separator was designed and yard tested within the Microhole program. Four commercial units of that design are currently involved in a 10-well field demonstration with Baker Oil Tools in Wyoming. Initial results indicate that the motor gas separators provide significant benefit.

Ken Theimer; Jack Kolle

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

447

Target GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Target GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Target GmbH Place: Germany Sector: Efficiency, Solar Product: German company with interests in solar and energy efficiency....

448

The sacrificial cathodic protection of UNS C71500 heat exchanger tubes in Arabian Gulf sea water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A laboratory investigation using a specially designed circulating test rig was carried out to study the effectiveness of achieving complete cathodic protection of UNS C71500 heat exchanger tubes in seawater applications. Results indicated that the galvanic current distribution covered the entire 6m length of the tube. The presence of sulfide ions as pollutants in seawater shifted the galvanic potentials of the tubes to more active potentials and prevented the formation of protective films that normally form.

Al-Hashem, A.; Carew, J.A.; Al-Sayegh, A. [Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait). Materials Application Dept.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

2003 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study (White Book), which is published annually by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), establishes one of the planning bases for supplying electricity to customers. The White Book contains projections of regional and Federal system load and resource capabilities, along with relevant definitions and explanations. The White Book also contains information obtained from formalized resource planning reports and data submittals including those from individual utilities, the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (Council), and the Pacific Northwest Utilities Conference Committee (PNUCC). The White Book is not an operational planning guide, nor is it used for determining BPA revenues, although the database that generates the data for the White Book analysis contributes to the development of BPA's inventory and ratemaking processes. Operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) is based on a set of criteria different from that used for resource planning decisions. Operational planning is dependent upon real-time or near-term knowledge of system conditions that include expectations of river flows and runoff, market opportunities, availability of reservoir storage, energy exchanges, and other factors affecting the dynamics of operating a power system. In this loads and resources study, resource availability is compared to an expected level of total retail electricity consumption. The forecasted annual energy electricity retail load plus contract obligations are subtracted from the sum of the projected annual energy capability of existing resources and contract purchases to determine whether BPA and/or the region will be surplus or deficit. Surplus energy is available when resources are greater than loads. This energy could be marketed to increase revenues. Deficits occur when resources are less than loads. Energy deficits could be met by any combination of the following: better-than-critical water conditions, demand-side management and conservation programs, permanent loss of a load (i.e., due to economic conditions or closures), additional contract purchases, and/or new generating resources. The loads and resources analysis in this study simulates the operation of the power system under the Pacific Northwest Coordination Agreement (PNCA). The PNCA defines the planning and operation of seventeen U.S. Pacific Northwest utilities and other parties with generating facilities within the region's hydroelectric (hydro) system. The hydroregulation study used for the 2003 White Book incorporates measures from the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries (NOAA Fisheries) Biological Opinion dated December 2000, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's 2000 Biological Opinion (2000 FCRPS BiOps) for the Snake River and Columbia River projects. These measures include: (1) Increased flow augmentation for juvenile fish migrations in the Snake and Columbia rivers in the spring and summer; (2) Mandatory spill requirements at the Lower Snake and Columbia dams to provide for non-turbine passage routes for juvenile fish migrants; and (3) Additional flows for Kootenai River white sturgeon in the spring. The hydroregulation criteria for this analysis includes: an updated Detailed Operation Plan for Treaty reservoirs for Operating Year (OY) 2004, updated PNCA planning criteria for OY 2003, and revised juvenile fish bypass spill levels for 2000 FCRPS BiOps implementation. The 2003 White Book is presented in two documents: (1) this summary document of Federal system and PNW region loads and resources, and (2) a technical appendix which presents regional loads, grouped by major PNW utility categories, and detailed contract and resource information. The technical appendix is available only in electronic form. Individual customer information regarding marketer contracts is not detailed due to confidentiality agreements. The 2003 White Book analysis updates the December 2002 White Book. This analysis projects the yearly average energy consumption and resource availability

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Independent review of estimated load reductions for PJM's small customer load response pilot project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study describes the results of a low-cost approach used to measure reported load reductions from a residential electric water heater (EWH) load control program operated as part of PJM Interconnection's Demand Response small customer pilot program. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) conducted this independent review of the engineering estimates for EWH load control reported by a Curtailment Service Provider (CSP) at PJM's request. LBNL employed low-cost measurement and verification (M&V) approaches that utilized existing interval metering equipment to monitor results for a series of load control tests. The CSP collected hourly load data for two substations and several hundred households over a six-week period in October and November 2003. During this time period, the CSP operated its electric water heater load control program during pre-specified test periods in the morning, afternoon and early evening. LBNL then analyzed substation and premise-level data from these tests in order to verify the diversified demand reductions claimed by the CSP for customers participating in the EWH load control program. We found that the observed load reductions for the premise-level data aggregated over all households in the two participating electric cooperatives were, respectively, 40 percent-60 percent less and 3 percent less-10 percent higher than the estimated diversified demand reduction values assumed by the CSP, depending on whether observed or normalized results are considered. We also analyzed sub-station level data and found that the observed load reductions during the test periods were significantly lower than expected, although confounding influences and operational problems signifiogram during pre-specified test periods in the morning, afternoon and early evening. LBNL then analyzed substation and premise-level data from these tests in order to verify the diversified demand reductions claimed by the CSP for customers participating in the EWH load control program. We found that the observed load reductions for the premise-level data aggregated over all households in the two participating electric cooperatives were, respectively, 40 percent-60 percent less and 3 percent less-10 percent higher than the estimated diversified demand reduction values assumed by the CSP, depending on whether observed or normalized results are considered. We also analyzed sub-station level data and found that the observed load reductions during the test periods were significantly lower than expected, although confounding influences and operational problems significantly limit our ability to differentiate between control-related and non-control related differences in substation-level load shape data. The usefulness and accuracy of the results were hampered by operational problems encountered during the measurement period as well as in sufficient number of load research grade interval meters at one cooperative. Given the larger sample size at one electric cooperative and more statistically-robust results, there is some basis to suggest that the Adjusted Diversified Demand Factor (ADDF) values used by the CSP somewhat over-state the actual load reductions. Given the results and limitations of the M&V approach as implemented, we suggest several options for PJM to consider: (1) require load aggregators participating in ISODR programs to utilize formal PURPA-compliant load research samples in their M&V plans, and (2) continue developing lower cost M&V approaches for mass market load control programs that incorporate suggested improvements described in this study.

Heffner, G.; Moezzi, M.; Goldman, C.

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Progress with developing a target for magnetized target fusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetized Target Fusion (MTF) is an approach to fusion where a preheated and magnetized plasma is adiabatically compressed to fusion conditions. Successful MTF requires a suitable initial target plasma with an embedded magnetic field of at least 5 T in a closed-field-line topology, a density of roughly 10{sup 18} cm{sup {minus}3}, a temperature of at least 50 eV, and must be free of impurities which would raise radiation losses. Target plasma generation experiments are underway at Los Alamos National Laboratory using the Colt facility; a 0.25 MJ, 2--3 {micro}s rise-time capacitor bank. The goal of these experiments is to demonstrate plasma conditions meeting the minimum requirements for a MTF initial target plasma. In the first experiments, a Z-pinch is produced in a 2 cm radius by 2 cm high conducting wall using a static gas-fill of hydrogen or deuterium gas in the range of 0.5 to 2 torr. Thus far, the diagnostics include an array of 12 B-dot probes, framing camera, gated OMA visible spectrometer, time-resolved monochrometer, filtered silicon photodiodes, neutron yield, and plasma-density interferometer. These diagnostics show that a plasma is produced in the containment region that lasts roughly 10 to 20 {micro}s with a maximum plasma density exceeding 10{sup 18} cm{sup {minus}3}. The experimental design and data are presented.

Wysocki, F.J.; Chrien, R.E.; Idzorek, G.; Oona, H.; Whiteson, D.O.; Kirkpatrick, R.C.; Lindemuth, I.R.; Sheehey, P.T.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Fuel loading and homogeneity analysis of HFIR design fuel plates loaded with uranium silicide fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Twelve nuclear reactor fuel plates were analyzed for fuel loading and fuel loading homogeneity by measuring the attenuation of a collimated X-ray beam as it passed through the plates. The plates were identical to those used by the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) but were loaded with uranium silicide rather than with HFIR`s uranium oxide fuel. Systematic deviations from nominal fuel loading were observed as higher loading near the center of the plates and underloading near the radial edges. These deviations were within those allowed by HFIR specifications. The report begins with a brief background on the thermal-hydraulic uncertainty analysis for the Advanced Neutron Source (ANS) Reactor that motivated a statistical description of fuel loading and homogeneity. The body of the report addresses the homogeneity measurement techniques employed, the numerical correction required to account for a difference in fuel types, and the statistical analysis of the resulting data. This statistical analysis pertains to local variation in fuel loading, as well as to ``hot segment`` analysis of narrow axial regions along the plate and ``hot streak`` analysis, the cumulative effect of hot segment loading variation. The data for all twelve plates were compiled and divided into 20 regions for analysis, with each region represented by a mean and a standard deviation to report percent deviation from nominal fuel loading. The central regions of the plates showed mean values of about +3% deviation, while the edge regions showed mean values of about {minus}7% deviation. The data within these regions roughly approximated random samplings from normal distributions, although the chi-square ({chi}{sup 2}) test for goodness of fit to normal distributions was not satisfied.

Blumenfeld, P.E.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

E-Print Network 3.0 - ahmed tube insertion Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

wells reflects the reduced incidence of diarrheal disease when drinking groundwater... in Bangladesh in 1999 to test tube wells in the most affected portions of the country. The...

454

Heavy-wall production tubing design for special-alloy steels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Critical wells require a comprehensive design philosophy for downhole tubulars. This paper describes novel design techniques used on four key tubing-design tasks on a 23,000-ft (7010-m), high-pressure, offshore gas well: material selection, tubing sizing, threaded-connector qualification, and field installation planning. The in-depth engineering approach combined stringent material and threaded-connector qualifications with new tubing-sizing methods and thorough installation planning. Standard tubing-sizing methods were unacceptable because of conservatism about erosional velocity and stress analysis inaccuracy. Proper stress analysis of the alloy required consideration of triaxial stress states, anisotropy of mechanical properties, and temperature weakening of yield stress.

Payne, M.L.; Hurst, D.M.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated in-tube solid-phase Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for: automated in-tube solid-phase Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Date Student Topic Advisor 082211 Introduction Summary: 3111 Indika Galpothdeniya Temperature-Response...

456

Computational fluid dynamic modelling of enhanced heat transfer in tubes with inserts.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Heat transfer is an important process in many different industrial processes including oil refming and energy generation. A shell and tube heat exchanger is one… (more)

Osley, William Gruffydd

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Reaction of Exhaust Gas in the Exhaust Gas Tube of Marine Diesel Engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reaction of Exhaust Gas in the Exhaust Gas Tube of Marine Diesel Engines }S"G"WjAS"O·u·� "¡"c ·_Zk

Ishii, Hitoshi

458

E-Print Network 3.0 - anchored flux tubes Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

this is indicated... VAbgm and -VAbgm, respectively. (b) The equivalent velocity space diagram for an open flux tube anchored... . The motion of open flux ... Source: Ecole...

459

Text-Alternative Version: CALiPER: Troffers, Kits, and Tubes Webcast  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Below is the text-alternative version of the "CALiPER: Troffers, Kits, and Tubes" webcast, held June 20, 2013.

460

Failure assessment of composite cooler tubes in a gas boosting station  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present study describes origin and failure mechanisms of air cooled heat exchangers tubes, in a gas pressure boosting station. Hydrocarbon gas was circulating within aluminum finned tubes and cooling was done by forcing ambient air over the exterior of the tubes, made of carbon steel A-214 material. The hydrocarbon gas was contained traces of H2S and substantial level of CO2. The investigation was carried out in a station located in southern part of Iran. The process involved condensation of water and hydrocarbon along the length of tubes, resulting in a wet gas multiphase flow situation. Such type of coolers is also called composite coolers. The failure of tubes was characterized on the bases of all the available evidences and metallurgical examinations, such as analysis of tube materials, feeding gas, condensate water, and the residue inside the tubes. The processing was also simulated by Hysis-3.1 software, in order to evaluate and compare various parameters such as gas flow rate, liquid water and hydrocarbon formation, in actual and design condition. The air cooled tubes showed highest corrosion rate and was experienced leakage regularly. The results indicated that, low velocity assisted sweet corrosion caused severe pitting inside the tubes, and led to failure.

Khalil Ranjbar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Enhanced heat transfer tubes for film absorbers of absorption chiller/heater  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Absorption chiller/heaters using non-CFC refrigerants are attracting attention as environmentally friendly energy systems. As the refrigerant/absorbent pair, the water/lithium bromide aqueous solution pair is preferably used for most absorption chiller/heaters in Japan. Absorption chiller/heaters, mainly used as water chillers and air-conditioners, are commercially available at least for unit cooling capacities above 60 kW. In absorption chiller/heaters, the absorber must be made compact, because the absorber has the largest heat transfer area of the four primary heat exchangers in the system: the evaporator, absorber, regenerator and condenser. Although a great amount of information is available on the evaporator and condenser, the same type of information concerning the absorber is lacking. This paper introduces two kinds of double fluted tubes called Arm tubs and Floral tubes for film absorbers. Arm tubes are manufactured using a two-pass drawbench process, while Floral tubes are made using a single pass drawbench process. The experiments using a lithium bromide aqueous solution with the addition of 250 ppm n-octyl alcohol as the surfactant showed that Arm tubes and Floral tubes had about 40% higher heat transfer performance than plain tubes. Therefore, Floral tubes are expected to realize a high performance at low cost. Furthermore, the optimization of the number of grooves on the outside of the tubes is also described here.

Sasaki, Naoe; Nosetani, Tadashi [Sumitomo Light Metal Industry, Ltd., Nagoya, Aichi (Japan); Furukawa, Masahiro; Kaneko, Toshiyuki [Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd., Ora, Gunma (Japan). Commercial Air-Conditioning Div.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

462

Corrosion of Aluminum-fin, Copper-tube Heat Exchange Coils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

industry standard procedures to test process chemicals or application contaminants for copper tube corrosion potential. Industry supported research has begun to develop a bench test for this....

Field, J. E.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Co-gasification of biomass with coal and oil sands coke in a drop tube furnace.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Chars were obtained from individual fuels and blends with different blend ratios of coal, coke and biomass in Drop Tube Furnace at different temperatures. Based… (more)

Gao, Chen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Corrosion-resistant tube materials for extended life of openings in recovery boilers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The corrosive conditions causing rapid corrosion of Type 304L stainless steel in tube openings have been duplicated in the laboratory. Alternate materials also have been tested, and some show improved corrosion resistance over Type 304L. Alloy 825 and Alloy 625 composite tubing and Alloy 600 and Alloy 625 weld overlay materials all show promise as a replacement for Type 304L in tube openings. All recovery boilers designed or operated at 8.375 MPa (1,200 psi) and above should consider using these replacement materials for tube openings.

Paul, L.D.; Danielson, M.J.; Harper, S.L. (Babcock and Wilcox Co., Alliance, OH (United States). Research and Development Div.); Barna, J.L. (Babcock and Wilcox Co., Barberton, OH (United States). Fossil Power Div.)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

A Note on Online Load Balancing for Related Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(j) that will execute it. We define the load of a machine i and the load of entire schedule s as follows: load(s; i) = 1A Note on On­line Load Balancing for Related Machines Piotr Berman \\Lambda Marek Karpinski y that differ in speed but are related in the following sence: a job of size p requires time p=v on a machine

Eckmiller, Rolf

466

High Temperature Expansion Due to Compression Test for the Determination of a Cladding Material Failure Criterion under RIA Loading Conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper is mainly dedicated to the development of an out-of-pile test reproducing the thermo-mechanical loading conditions encountered during the first stage of a Reactivity Initiated Accidents (RIA) transient, dominated by Pellet Clad Mechanical Interaction (PCMI). In particular, the strain-controlled clad loading under high strain rate associated with temperatures up to 600 deg. C expected during the PCMI phase is simulated by an Expansion Due to Compression (EDC) test achievable at high temperature. The use of appropriate materials for the inner pellet made it possible to achieve the tests from 20 deg. C up to 900 deg. C. The interpretation of the test data is supported by Finite Element Analysis (FEA) including parameters tuned using an inverse method coupling FEA and tests results. A deformation model, identified upon the PROMETRA (Transient Mechanical Properties) experimental database and describing the anisotropic viscoplastic behavior of Cold-Worked Stress Relieved Zircaloy-4 cladding alloys under typical RIA loading conditions, is exploited. The combined analysis of experimental results and finite element simulations provides a deeper understanding of the deformation mode (near pure hoop tension) that arises during the tests. The failure mode appears to be representative of that obtained on tubes during the PCMI stage of RIA experiments. An appropriate device is currently developed in order to reach a bi-axiality of the loading path closer to that expected during the PCMI stage (between plane-strain and equal-biaxial tension). (authors)

Le Saux, M.; Poussard, C.; Averty, X.; Sainte Catherine, C.; Carassou, S. [CEA-Saclay, DEN/DMN/SEMI, 91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette (France); Besson, J. [Centre des Materiaux, Mines Paris, CNRS UMR 7633, BP 87, 91003 Evry (France)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

The Temperature Sensitivity of the Residential Load and Commercial Building Load  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a building modeling approach to quickly quantify climate change impacts on energy consumption, peak load, and load composition of residential and commercial buildings. This research focuses on addressing the impact of temperature changes on the building heating and cooling load in 10 major cities across the Western United States and Canada. A building simulation software are first used to quantify the hourly energy consumption of different building types by end-use and by vintage. Then, the temperature sensitivities are derived based on the climate data inputs.

Lu, Ning; Taylor, Zachary T.; Jiang, Wei; Correia, James; Leung, Lai R.; Wong, Pak C.

2009-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

468

Targets  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

wall must be eliminated. Meeting this standard requires assembly in a Class 100 cleanroom. The capsule is fitted inside a hohlraum cylinder measuring 9 millimeters high by 5...

469

2012 CERTS LAAR Program Peer Review - Integration and Extension of Direct Load Management of Smart Loads - Anna Scaglioni, UC Davis  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Integration and Extension of Direct Integration and Extension of Direct Load Management of Smart Loads Anna Scaglione, UC Davis GRA: Mahnoosh Alizadeh Project objective  Invent methods to "store" load demand for * Real-time "generation following" * Integration of load reserves as dispatchable assets in the Energy Market  Architecture for virtual "reserves" (queues) of electrical load demand * Watts to Job mapping (analysis)  Captures digitally the service requirements - Equal service type = Equal queue * Job to Watts mapping (synthesis)  Allows to optimally schedule the load profile Major technical accomplishments  Centralized model: Digital Direct Load Scheduling (DDLS) - Year 1-Year 2

470

Targeting Ras in Myeloid Leukemias  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...which are activated as a downstream consequence of ligand binding to growth factor receptors...case of mutant Ras due to structural consequences of substations at codons 12, 13, and...as a therapeutic target in cancer. In truth, these drugs do not significantly inhibit...

Benjamin S. Braun and Kevin Shannon

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

Targeting ion transport in cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...tumor hypoxia, survival pathway and therapy target. Cell Cycle 3, 164-167. ( doi:10.4161/cc.3.2.618 ) 73 Rademakers, SE , Lok, J, van der Kogel, AJ, Bussink, J, Kaanders, JH. 2011 Metabolic markers in relation to hypoxia; staining...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

RADIATION ONCOLOGY TARGET YOUR FUTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. · Radiation therapist - a health professional who designs, calculates (plans) and provides the radiation dose and monitors the delivery of radiation therapy, taking into account the protection and safety of patientsRADIATION ONCOLOGY TARGET YOUR FUTURE #12;A Career in Radiation Oncology YOUR CHOICE SAVE LIVES

Tobar, Michael

473

Interval analysis applied to the maximum loading point of electric power systems considering load data uncertainties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper proposes a simple and efficient power flow method to calculate, in an interval manner, the main variables corresponding to the maximum loading point, under load data uncertainties. The resulting interval nonlinear system of equations is solved using Krawczyk method. The proposed methodology is implemented in the Matlab environment using the Intlab toolbox. Results are compared with those obtainable by Monte Carlo simulations. IEEE 30 bus system and a South-southeastern Brazilian network are used to validate the proposed methodology.

L.E.S. Pereira; V.M. da Costa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

The HERMES Polarized Hydrogen Internal Gas Target  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

internal gas targets. The HERMES hydrogen target is an internal polarized gas target using the storage cell frame on the right. atomic hydrogen beam and focuses it into a storage cell. The storage cellThe HERMES Polarized Hydrogen Internal Gas Target J. Stewart for The HERMES Collaboration

475

Selectively fired, tubing-conveyed perforating guns save rig time  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Selective firing of tubing-conveyed perforating (TCP) guns during drill stem tests (DSTs) added flexibility and saved costs for Marathon Oil Co. As an example, in the Garland field in Wyoming, the guns allowed perforating multiple zones in one trip. This saved 1 1/2--2 days/well in rig time and $25,000--30,000/well in electric wire line and DST tool charges. For international offshore operations, savings of $200,000/well appear possible. Savings result not only from perforating multiple zones, but also from arbitrarily setting firing patterns with or without zone isolation. The paper describes the testing of equipment, the design of the guns, firing heads, crossover assembly, pressure isolation sub, control line, and select-fire sub, and applications for the guns.

Snider, P.M. (Marathon Oil Co., Houston, TX (United States)); Bond, P.L. (Halliburton Energy Services, Dallas, TX (United States))

1993-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

476

An Advanced simulation Code for Modeling Inductive Output Tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the Phase I program, CCR completed several major building blocks for a 3D large signal, inductive output tube (IOT) code using modern computer language and programming techniques. These included a 3D, Helmholtz, time-harmonic, field solver with a fully functional graphical user interface (GUI), automeshing and adaptivity. Other building blocks included the improved electrostatic Poisson solver with temporal boundary conditions to provide temporal fields for the time-stepping particle pusher as well as the self electric field caused by time-varying space charge. The magnetostatic field solver was also updated to solve for the self magnetic field caused by time changing current density in the output cavity gap. The goal function to optimize an IOT cavity was also formulated, and the optimization methodologies were investigated.

Thuc Bui; R. Lawrence Ives

2012-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

477

Use of proportional tubes in a muon polarimeter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A prototype muon polarimeter was built to study the feasibility of measuring the positive muon polarization in the decay K/sub L/ ..-->.. ..mu../sup +/..mu../sup /minus//. The system consisted of alternating layers of extruded aluminum gas proportional tubes and polarization-retaining absorber plates of either aluminum or marble. Longitudinally polarized positive muons from the Stopped Muon Channel at the Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) were stopped in the absorber plates where they precessed in a field of 60 gauss. Decay times were recorded in 100 ns first-in-first-out memories for all wires hit during a 12.8 ..mu..s period centered about the muon stop trigger. The performance of the system was studied for different beam rates and absorber thicknesses. The value of imposing time and spacial cuts on track data to enhance the precession signal was also investigated. 7 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Kenney, C.J.; Eckhause, M.; Ginkel, J.F.; Guss, P.P.; Kane, J.R.; Vulcan, W.F.; Welsh, R.E.; Whyley, R.J.; Bilskie, J.; Hart, G.W.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Heat transfer research on supercritical water flow upward in tube  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The experimental research of heat transfer on supercritical water has been carried out on the supercritical water multipurpose test loop with a 7.6 mm upright tube. The experimental data of heat transfer is obtained. The experimental results of thermal-hydraulic parameters on flow and heat transfer of supercritical water show that: Heat transfer enhancement occurs when the fluid temperature reaches pseudo-critical point with low mass flow velocity, and peters out when the mass flow velocity increases. The heat transfer coefficient and Nusselt number decrease with the heat flux or system pressure increases, and increase with the increasing of mass flow velocity. The wall temperature increases when the mass flow velocity decreases or the system pressure increases. (authors)

Li, H. B.; Yang, J. [China Nuclear Power Technology Research Inst., Shenzhen, Guangdong (China); Gu, H. Y.; Zhao, M. [Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ., Shanghai (China); Lu, D. H.; Zhang, J. M.; Wang, F.; Zhang, Y. [China Nuclear Power Technology Research Inst., Shenzhen, Guangdong (China)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Field Demonstraton of Existing Microhole Coiled Tubing Rig (MCTR) Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The performance of an advanced Microhole Coiled Tubing Rig (MCTR) has been measured in the field during the drilling of 25 test wells in the Niobrara formation of Western Kansas and Eastern Colorado. The coiled tubing (CT) rig designed, built and operated by Advanced Drilling Technologies (ADT), was documented in its performance by GTI staff in the course of drilling wells ranging in depth from 500 to nearly 3,000 feet. Access to well sites in the Niobrara for documenting CT rig performance was provided by Rosewood Resources of Arlington, VA. The ADT CT rig was selected for field performance evaluation because it is one of the most advanced commercial CT rig designs that demonstrate a high degree of process integration and ease of set-up and operation. Employing an information collection protocol, data was collected from the ADT CT rig during 25 drilling events that encompassed a wide range of depths and drilling conditions in the Niobrara. Information collected included time-function data, selected parametric information indicating CT rig operational conditions, staffing levels, and field observations of the CT rig in each phase of operation, from rig up to rig down. The data obtained in this field evaluation indicates that the ADT CT rig exhibited excellent performance in the drilling and completion of more than 25 wells in the Niobrara under varied drilling depths and formation conditions. In the majority of the 25 project well drilling events, ROP values ranged between 300 and 620 feet per hour. For all but the lowest 2 wells, ROP values averaged approximately 400 feet per hour, representing an excellent drilling capability. Most wells of depths between 500 and 2,000 feet were drilled at a total functional rig time of less than 16 hours; for wells as deep at 2,500 to 3,000 feet, the total rig time for the CT unit is usually well under one day. About 40-55 percent of the functional rig time is divided evenly between drilling and casing/cementing. The balance of time is divided among the remaining four functions of rig up/rig down, logging, lay down bottomhole assembly, and pick up bottomhole assembly. Observations made during all phases of CT rig operation at each of the project well installations have verified a number of characteristics of the technology that represent advantages that can produce significant savings of 25-35 percent per well. Attributes of the CT rig performance include: (1) Excellent hole quality with hole deviation amounting to 1-2 degrees; (2) Reduced need for auxiliary equipment; (3) Efficient rig mobilization requiring only four trailers; (4) Capability of ''Zero Discharge'' operation; (5) Improved safety; and, (6) Measurement while drilling capability. In addition, commercial cost data indicates that the CT rig reduces drilling costs by 25 to 35% compared to conventional drilling technology. Widespread commercial use of the Microhole Coiled Tubing technology in the United States for onshore Lower-48 drilling has the potential of achieving substantially positive impacts in terms of savings to the industry and resource expansion. Successfully commercialized Microhole CT Rig Technology is projected to achieve cumulative savings in Lower-48 onshore drilling expenditures of approximately 6.8 billion dollars by 2025. The reduced cost of CT microhole drilling is projected to enable the development of gas resources that would not have been economic with conventional methods. Because of the reduced cost of drilling achieved with CT rig technology, it is estimated that an additional 22 Tcf of gas resource will become economic to develop. In the future, the Microhole Coiled Tubing Rig represents an important platform for the continued improvement of drilling that draws on a new generation of various technologies to achieve goals of improved drilling cost and reduced impact to the environment.

Kent Perry; Samih Batarseh; Sheriff Gowelly; Thomas Hayes

2006-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

480

Behavior and rupture of hydrided Zircaloy-4 tubes and sheets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Zirconium alloys are used as structural parts in the nuclear fuel assembly. The mechanical behavior and rupture mechanisms of ZIRCALOY-4 guide tubes and sheet containing 150 to 1,200 wt ppm hydrogen have been investigated at room temperature. Sheets were notched to study the influence of geometrical defects on rupture. It is shown that hydrides strengthened the material, as maximum stresses sustained by the material are increased with increasing hydrogen contents. On the other hand, ductility is reduced. The material also exhibits a strong anisotropy due to its pronounced texture. Metallographic examinations have shown that damage by hydride cracking is a continuous process that starts after the onset of necking. Notches reduce ductility. A modified Gurson-Tvergaard model was used to represent the material behavior and rupture. Numerical simulation using the finite element method demonstrates the strong influence of plastic anisotropy on the behavior of structures and rupture modes.

Prat, F.; Besson, J. [Ecole des Mines de Paris, Evry (France); Grange, M. [Framatome Nuclear Fuel, Lyon (France); Andrieu, E. [ENSCT, Toulouse (France). Lab. Materiaux

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube target loading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Fluidized bed combustor and removable windbox and tube assembly therefor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fluidized bed combustor comprises a housing having a chamber therein with a top having a discharge for the gases which are generated in the chamber and a bottom with a discharge for heated fluid. An assembly is arranged in the lower portion of the chamber and the assembly includes a lower plate which is mounted on a support flange of the housing so that it is spaced from the bottom of the chamber and defines a fluid plenum between it and the bottom of the chamber for the discharge of heated fluid. The assembly includes a heat exchanger inlet plenum having tubes therethrough for the passage of fluidizer air and a windbox above the heat exchanger plenum which has a distributor plate top wall. A portion of the chamber above the top wall defines a fluidized bed.

DeFeo, Angelo (Totowa, NJ); Hosek, William (Mt. Tabor, NJ)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Fluidized bed combustor and removable windbox and tube assembly therefor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fluidized bed combustor comprises a housing having a chamber therein with a top having a discharge for the gases which are generated in the chamber and a bottom with a discharge for heated fluid. An assembly is arranged in the lower portion of the chamber and the assembly includes a lower plate which is mounted on a support flange of the housing so that it is spaced from the bottom of the chamber and defines a fluid plenum between it and the bottom of the chamber for the discharge of heated fluid. The assembly includes a heat exchanger inlet plenum having tubes therethrough for the passage of fluidizer air and a windbox above the heat exchanger plenum which has a distributor plate top wall. A portion of the chamber above the top wall defines a fluidized bed.

DeFeo, Angelo (Totowa, NJ); Hosek, William S. (Mt. Tabor, NJ)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large Retail Building Title Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large Retail Building Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-59293 Year of Publication 2006 Authors Hotchi, Toshifumi, Alfred T. Hodgson, and William J. Fisk Keywords market sectors, technologies Abstract Mock Critical Peak Pricing (CPP) events were implemented in a Target retail store in the San Francisco Bay Area by shutting down some of the building's packaged rooftop air-handling units (RTUs). Measurements were made to determine how this load shedding strategy would affect the outdoor air ventilation rate and the concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the sales area. Ventilation rates prior to and during load shedding were measured by tracer gas decay on two days. Samples for individual VOCs, including formaldehyde and acetaldehyde, were collected from several RTUs in the morning prior to load shedding and in the late afternoon. Shutting down a portion (three of 11 and five of 12, or 27 and 42%) of the RTUs serving the sales area resulted in about a 30% reduction in ventilation, producing values of 0.50-0.65 air changes per hour. VOCs with the highest concentrations (>10 μg/m3) in the sales area included formaldehyde, 2-butoxyethanol, toluene and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane. Substantial differences in concentrations were observed among RTUs. Concentrations of most VOCs increased during a single mock CPP event, and the median increase was somewhat higher than the fractional decrease in the ventilation rate. There are few guidelines for evaluating indoor VOC concentrations. For formaldehyde, maximum concentrations measured in the store during the event were below guidelines intended to protect the general public from acute health risks.

484

Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large Retail Building Title Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large Retail Building Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2006 Authors Hotchi, Toshifumi, Alfred T. Hodgson, and William J. Fisk Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract Mock Critical Peak Pricing (CPP) events were implemented in a Target retail store in the San Francisco Bay Area by shutting down some of the building's packaged rooftop air-handling units (RTUs). Measurements were made to determine how this load shedding strategy would affect the outdoor air ventilation rate and the concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the sales area. Ventilation rates prior to and during load shedding were measured by tracer gas decay on two days. Samples for individual VOCs, including formaldehyde and acetaldehyde, were collected from several RTUs in the morning prior to load shedding and in the late afternoon. Shutting down a portion (three of 11 and five of 12, or 27 and 42%) of the RTUs serving the sales area resulted in about a 30% reduction in ventilation, producing values of 0.50-0.65 air changes per hour. VOCs with the highest concentrations (>10 μg/m3) in the sales area included formaldehyde, 2-butoxyethanol, toluene and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane. Substantial differences in concentrations were observed among RTUs. Concentrations of most VOCs increased during a single mock CPP event, and the median increase was somewhat higher than the fractional decrease in the ventilation rate. There are few guidelines for evaluating indoor VOC concentrations. For formaldehyde, maximum concentrations measured in the store during the event were below guidelines intended to protect the general public from acute health risks

485

1996 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study (White Book) is published annually by BPA and establishes the planning basis for supplying electricity to customers. It serves a dual purpose. First, the White Book presents projections of regional and Federal system load and resource capabilities, along with relevant definitions and explanations. Second, the White Book serves as a benchmark for annual BPA determinations made pursuant to the 1981 regional power sales contracts. Specifically, BPA uses the information in the White Book for determining the notice required when customers request to increase or decrease the amount of power purchased from BPA. Aside from these purposes, the White Book is used for input to BPA`s resource planning process. The White Book compiles information obtained from several formalized resource planning reports and data submittals, including those from the Northwest Power Planning Council (Council) and the Pacific Northwest Utilities Conference Committee (PNUCC). 11 figs., 12 tabs.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

NREL: Vehicle Ancillary Loads Reduction - Integrated Modeling  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Integrated Modeling Integrated Modeling NREL's Vehicle Ancillary Loads Reduction (VALR) team predicts the impact of advanced vehicle cooling technologies before testing by using an integrated modeling process. Evaluating the heat load on a vehicle under real world conditions is a difficult task. An accepted method to evaluate passenger compartment airflow and heat transfer is computational fluid dynamics. (CFD). Combining analytical models with CFD provides a powerful tool to assist industry both on current vehicles and on future design studies. Flow chart showing the vehicle integrated modeling process which considers solar radiation, air conditioning, and vehicles with CAD, glazing, cabin thermal/fluid, and thermal comfort modeling tools. Results are provided for fuel economy, tailpipe emissions and occupant thermal comfort.

487

Definition: Direct Load Control Device | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Load Control Device Load Control Device Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Direct Load Control Device A remotely controllable switch that can turn power to a load or appliance on or off. Such a device could also be used to regulate the amount of power that a load can consume. Direct load control devices can be operated by a utility or third party energy provider to reduce a customer's energy demand at certain times.[1] Related Terms power, load References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/direct_load_control_device [[Ca LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. tegory: Smart Grid Definitionssmart grid,smart grid, |Template:BASEPAGENAME]]smart grid,smart grid, Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Direct_Load_Control_Device&oldid=502631

488

Seismic considerations in the evaluation of temporary loads  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Temporary loads in nuclear power facilities can result from a number of activities including special one time operating conditions, repair and upgrade conditions, and ALARA requirements for operation, inspection and maintenance. Many times evaluation of these loadings includes their consideration in conjunction with other design basis loadings such as normal loads and extreme event loads including earthquake loadings. At times this combination with design basis extreme loads, such as earthquake, results in predicted structural demands which exceed the design basis capacity. Many times a major contributor to this demand prediction is the earthquake loadings. Discussed in this paper are analytical methods, probabilistic considerations, and earthquake experienced based evaluations which can be applied to reduce the earthquake demand for short term temporary loadings.

Adams, T.M. [Stevenson and Associates, Cleveland, OH (United States); Stevenson, J.D.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z