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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Modelica-based modelling and simulation of dry-expansion shell-and-tube evaporators working with alternative refrigerant mixtures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new methodology of intermediate complexity level is developed to model the dry-expansion shell and U-tube evaporators. The model has a reasonable level of accuracy and uses fundamental physical principles in a distributed parameters approach capable of detecting the complex circuit of the shell-side flow. This level of details is necessary to simulate accurately the zeotropic refrigerant mixtures evaporation. Using Modelica language gives a heat exchanger model with a generic flow arrangement. The model is experimentally validated using a standard shell-and-tube evaporator working with HFC-134a. Three distinct working fluids, pure HFC-134a, R-407C, and a specially selected glide matching refrigerant mixture are simulated in the same heat source duty with different shell-and-tube configurations. Three different gas superheat values are also taken into account. The total amount of irreversibility is considered by calculating the total exergy losses. It is concluded that the effect of the temperature profile of any refrigerant mixture can be substantial on the relative performance of a particular heat exchanger configuration compared to counter-flow configuration.

Khattar Assaf; Assaad Zoughaib; Denis Clodic

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

CRITICAL CONFIGURATION AND PHYSICS MEASUREMENTS FOR BERYLLIUM REFLECTED ASSEMBLIES OF U(93.15)O2 FUEL RODS (1.506-CM PITCH AND 7-TUBE CLUSTERS)  

SciTech Connect

Cadmium ratios were measured with enriched uranium metal foils at various locations in the assembly with the fuel tube at the 1.506-cm spacing. They are described in the following subsections. The experiment configuration was the same as the first critical configuration described in HEU-COMP-FAST-004 (Case 1). The experimenter placed 0.75-cm-diameter × 0.010-cm-thick 93.15%-235U-enriched uranium metal foils with and without 0.051-cm-thick cadmium covers at various locations in the core and top reflector. One part of the cadmium cover was cupshape and contained the uranium foil. The other part was a lid that fit over the exposed side of the foil when it was in the cup shaped section of the cover. As can be seen in the logbook, two runs were required to obtain all the measurements necessary for the cadmium ratio. The bare foil measurements within the top reflector were run first as part of the axial foil activation measurements. The results of this run are used for both the axial activation results and the cadmium ratios. Cadmium covered foils were then placed at the same location through the top reflector in a different run. Three pairs of bare and cadmium covered foils were also placed through the core tank. One pair was placed at the axial center of a fuel tube 11.35 cm from the center of the core. Two pairs of foils were placed on top of fuel tubes 3.02 and 12.06 cm from the center of the core. The activation of the uranium metal foils was measured after removal from the assembly using two lead shielded NaI scintillation detectors as follows. The NaI scintillators were carefully matched and had detection efficiencies for counting delayed-fission-product gamma rays with energies above 250 KeV within 5%. In all foil activation measurements, one foil at a specific location was used as a normalizing foil to remove the effects of the decay of fission products during the counting measurements with the NaI detectors. The normalization foil was placed on one NaI scintillator and the other foil on the other NaI detector and the activities measured simultaneously. The activation of a particular foil was compared to that of the normalization foil by dividing the count rate for each foil by that of the normalization foil. To correct for the differing efficiencies of the two NaI detectors, the normalization foil was counted in Detector 1 simultaneously with the foil at position x in Detector 2, and then the normalization foil was counted simultaneously in Detector 2 with the foil from position x in Counter 1. The activity of the foil from position x was divided by the activity of the normalization foil counted simultaneously. This resulted in obtaining two values of the ratio that were then averaged. This procedure essentially removed the effect of the differing efficiencies of the two NaI detectors. Differing efficiencies of 10% resulted in errors in the ratios measured to less than 1%. The background counting rates obatined with the foils used for the measurements on the NaI detectors before their irradiation measurement were subtracted from all count rates. The results of the cadmium ratio measurements are given in Table 1.3-1 and Figure 1.3-1. “No correction has been made for self shielding in the foils” (Reference 3).

Margaret A. Marshall

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

A Counterflow Pipeline Experiment Bill Coates, Jo Ebergen, Jon Lexau, Scott Fairbanks, Ian Jones,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Counterflow Pipeline Experiment Bill Coates, Jo Ebergen, Jon Lexau, Scott Fairbanks, Ian Jones The counterflow pipeline architecture [12] consists of two interacting pipelines in which data items flow in op. The maximum total throughput of the chip, which is the sum of the throughputs of the two pipelines, varies

Harris, David Money

4

Tube-in-tube thermophotovoltaic generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermophotovoltaic device includes at least one thermal radiator tube, a cooling tube concentrically disposed within each thermal radiator tube and an array of thermophotovoltaic cells disposed on the exterior surface of the cooling tube. A shell having a first end and a second end surrounds the thermal radiator tube. Inner and outer tubesheets, each having an aperture corresponding to each cooling tube, are located at each end of the shell. The thermal radiator tube extends within the shell between the inner tubesheets. The cooling tube extends within the shell through the corresponding apertures of the two inner tubesheets to the corresponding apertures of the two outer tubesheets. A plurality of the thermal radiator tubes can be arranged in a staggered or an in-line configuration within the shell.

Ashcroft, John (Scotia, NY); Campbell, Brian (Scotia, NY); DePoy, David (Clifton Park, NY)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Exergy efficiency of a counterflow air/air heat exchanger with vapour condensation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The exergy efficiency of a counterflow hot moist air/...?1 for the temperature and humidity ratio of hot moist air respectively are considered. Constant ambient air conditions of 20°C and 0.01 kg·kg?1 were assume...

J. Jilek; J. H. Young

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Configurations The  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flexibility in Testing Configurations The PSEL's infrastructure addresses critical issues of PV reliability and power availability. The lab offers four different load configuration...

7

Module Configuration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stand alone battery module including: (a) a mechanical configuration; (b) a thermal management configuration; (c) an electrical connection configuration; and (d) an electronics configuration. Such a module is fully interchangeable in a battery pack assembly, mechanically, from the thermal management point of view, and electrically. With the same hardware, the module can accommodate different cell sizes and, therefore, can easily have different capacities. The module structure is designed to accommodate the electronics monitoring, protection, and printed wiring assembly boards (PWAs), as well as to allow airflow through the module. A plurality of modules may easily be connected together to form a battery pack. The parts of the module are designed to facilitate their manufacture and assembly.

Oweis, Salah (Ellicott City, MD); D'Ussel, Louis (Bordeaux, FR); Chagnon, Guy (Cockeysville, MD); Zuhowski, Michael (Annapolis, MD); Sack, Tim (Cockeysville, MD); Laucournet, Gaullume (Paris, FR); Jackson, Edward J. (Taneytown, MD)

2002-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

8

Multi-tube fuel nozzle with mixing features  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system includes a multi-tube fuel nozzle having an inlet plate and a plurality of tubes adjacent the inlet plate. The inlet plate includes a plurality of apertures, and each aperture includes an inlet feature. Each tube of the plurality of tubes is coupled to an aperture of the plurality of apertures. The multi-tube fuel nozzle includes a differential configuration of inlet features among the plurality of tubes.

Hughes, Michael John

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

9

Edison Configuration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Configuration Configuration Configuration NERSC's newest supercomputer, named Edison after U.S. inventor and businessman Thomas Alva Edison, will have a peak performance of more than 2 petaflops (PF, or 1015 floating point operations per second) when fully installed in 2013. The integrated storage system will have more than 6 petabytes (PB) of storage with a peak I/O bandwidth of 140 gigabytes (GB) per second. The product is known as a Cray XC30 (internal name "Cascade"), and the NERSC acquistion project is known as "NERSC 7." Edison will be installed in two phases. Phase I Installation: 4Q 2012 Early User Access: Started in February 2013. All users were enabled March 2, 2013. System Overview Cray Cascade supercomputer 664 computes nodes with 64 GB memory per node

10

Franklin Configuration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Configuration Configuration Franklin Configuration Franklin is a Cray XT4 with a peak performance of 352 TFlops, 38,288 processor cores, 78 TB of memory, and 436 TB of scratch disk space. Franklin was ranked as the world's eighth most powerful supercomputer in November 2008, and was No. 26 on the November 2010 Top 500 List. Quad CoreAMDOpteronprocessor Compute Nodes Franklin has 9,572 compute nodes, each with a quad-core AMD 'Budapest' 2.3 GHz processor. Read More » Login Nodes Franklin has 10 internal login nodes and 1 external login node. Read More » Files systems The Franklin system has 4 different file systems mounted which provide different levels of disk storage, I/O performance and file permanence. There are two Lustre file systems each with a peak performance of 17

11

Edison Configuration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Configuration Configuration Configuration NERSC's newest supercomputer, named Edison after U.S. inventor and businessman Thomas Alva Edison, has a peak performance of 2.39 petaflops/sec, 124,608 compute cores for running scientific applications, 332 Terabytes of memory, and 7.5 Petabytes of online disk storage with a peak I/O bandwidth of 168 gigabytes (GB) per second. The product is known as a Cray XC30 (internal name "Cascade"), and the NERSC acquistion project is known as "NERSC 7." System Overview Cray XC30 supercomputer Peak performance 2.39 petaflops/sec Sustained application performance on NERSC SSP codes: 258 Tflop/s (vs. 144 Tflop/s for Hopper) 5,192 computes nodes, 124,608 cores in total Cray Aries high-speed interconnect with Dragon Flay topoplogy (0.25 μs to 3.7 μs MPI latency, ~8GB/sec MPI bandwidth)

12

Carver Configuration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Configuration Configuration Configuration Overview Carver, a liquid-cooled IBM iDataPlex system, has 1202 compute nodes (9,984 processor cores). This represents a theoretical peak performance of 106.5 Teraflops/sec. Note that the above node count includes hardware that is dedicated to various strategic projects and experimental testbeds (e.g., Hadoop). As such, not all 1202 nodes will be available to all users at all times. All nodes are interconnected by 4X QDR InfiniBand technology, providing 32 Gb/s of point-to-point bandwidth for high-performance message passing and I/O. Compute Nodes 1,120 nodes each have two quad-core Intel Xeon X5550 ("Nehalem") 2.67 GHz processors (eight cores/node); 80 nodes each have two six-core Intel Xeon X5650 ("Westmere") 2.67 GHz processors (12 cores/node). 960 of the

13

Cooling power of the dilution refrigerator with a perfect continuous counterflow heat exchanger  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The model of the perfect continuous counterflow heat exchanger introduced by Frossati et al. to describe the performance of dilution refrigerators is solved rigorously with the proper boundary condition. Unlike the original solution by Frossati et al. the present solution gives the refrigerator cooling power which is in good agreement with experimental data over the entire temperature range. The analysis of the cooling power using the present result allows more detailed evaluation of the refrigerator performance than has been possible with the analysis of the base temperature. An approximate expression for the cooling power is discussed which simplifies the prediction of the cooling rate of a large thermal load such as a copper nuclear?demagnetization stage.

Y. Takano

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Magnetic field lines for a flux tube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Equations for the magnetic field components in a two dimensional cylindrically symmetric ... in a simple case, solved. The resulting magnetic configuration possesses a strong magnetic field in a thin tube below a...

C. D. C. Steele; Rekha Jain

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Helical tubes in crowded environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When placed in a crowded environment, a semiflexible tube is forced to fold so as to make a more compact shape. One compact shape that often arises in nature is the tight helix, especially when the tube thickness is of comparable size to the tube length. In this paper we use an excluded volume effect to model the effects of crowding. This gives us a measure of compactness for configurations of the tube, which we use to look at structures of the semiflexible tube that minimize the excluded volume. We focus most of our attention on the helix and which helical geometries are most compact. We found helices of specific pitch to radius ratio 2.512 to be optimally compact. This is the same geometry that minimizes the global curvature of the curve defining the tube. We further investigate the effects of adding a bending energy or multiple tubes to begin to explore the more complete space of possible geometries a tube could form.

Yehuda Snir and Randall D. Kamien

2007-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

16

Multiple tube premixing device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present application provides a premixer for a combustor. The premixer may include a fuel plenum with a number of fuel tubes and a burner tube with a number of air tubes. The fuel tubes extend about the air tubes.

Uhm, Jong Ho; Naidu, Balachandar; Ziminksy, Willy Steve; Kraemer, Gilbert Otto; Yilmaz, Ertan; Lacy, Benjamin; Stevenson, Christian; Felling, David

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

17

Multiple tube premixing device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present application provides a premixer for a combustor. The premixer may include a fuel plenum with a number of fuel tubes and a burner tube with a number of air tubes. The fuel tubes extend about the air tubes.

Uhm, Jong Ho; Varatharajan, Balachandar; Ziminsky, Willy Steve; Kraemer, Gilbert Otto; Yilmaz, Ertan; Lacy, Benjamin; Stevenson, Christian; Felling, David

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

18

Flame propagation and counterflow nonpremixed ignition of mixtures of methane and ethylene  

SciTech Connect

The ignition temperature of nitrogen-diluted mixtures of methane and ethylene counterflowing against heated air was measured up to five atmospheres. In addition, the stretch-corrected laminar flame speeds of mixtures of air, methane and ethylene were determined from outwardly-propagating spherical flames up to 10 atmospheres, for extensive range of the lean-to-rich equivalence ratio. These experimental data, relevant to low- to moderately-high-temperature ignition chemistry and high-temperature flame chemistry, respectively, were subsequently compared with calculations using two detailed kinetic mechanisms. A chemical explosive mode analysis (CEMA) was then conducted to identify the dominant ignition chemistry and the role of ethylene addition in facilitating nonpremixed ignition. Furthermore, the hierarchical structure of the associated oxidation kinetics was examined by comparing the sizes and constituents of the skeletal mechanisms of the pure fuels and their mixtures, derived using the method of directed relation graph (DRG). The skeletal mechanism was further reduced by time-scale analysis, leading to a 24-species reduced mechanism from the detailed mechanism of USC Mech II, validated within the parameter space of the conducted experiments. (author)

Liu, W.; Kelley, A.P.; Law, C.K. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

Tube furnace  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A vermiculite insulated tube furnace is heated by a helically-wound resistance wire positioned within a helical groove on the surface of a ceramic cylinder, that in turn is surroundingly disposed about a doubly slotted stainless steel cylindrical liner. For uniform heating, the pitch of the helix is of shorter length over the two end portions of the ceramic cylinder. The furnace is of large volume, provides uniform temperature, offers an extremely precise programmed heating capability, features very rapid cool-down, and has a modest electrical power requirement.

Foster, Kenneth G. (Livermore, CA); Frohwein, Eugene J. (San Ramon, CA); Taylor, Robert W. (Livermore, CA); Bowen, David W. (Livermore, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Tapered pulse tube for pulse tube refrigerators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Thermal insulation of the pulse tube in a pulse-tube refrigerator is maintained by optimally varying the radius of the pulse tube to suppress convective heat loss from mass flux streaming in the pulse tube. A simple cone with an optimum taper angle will often provide sufficient improvement. Alternatively, the pulse tube radius r as a function of axial position x can be shaped with r(x) such that streaming is optimally suppressed at each x.

Swift, Gregory W. (Sante Fe, NM); Olson, Jeffrey R. (San Mateo, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Apparatus tube configuration and mounting for solid oxide fuel cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A generator apparatus (10) is made containing long, hollow, tubular, fuel cells containing an inner air electrode (64), an outer fuel electrode (56), and solid electrolyte (54) therebetween, placed between a fuel distribution board (29) and a board (32) which separates the combustion chamber (16) from the generating chamber (14), where each fuel cell has an insertable open end and in insertable, plugged, closed end (44), the plugged end being inserted into the fuel distribution board (29) and the open end being inserted through the separator board (32) where the plug (60) is completely within the fuel distribution board (29).

Zymboly, Gregory E. (Murrysville, PA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Microhole Tubing Bending Report  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

A downhole tubing bending study was made and is reported herein. IT contains a report and 2 excel spreadsheets to calculate tubing bending and to estimate contact points of the tubing to the drilled hole wall (creating a new support point).

Oglesby, Ken

23

Crimp sealing of tubes flush with or below a fixed surface  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for crimp sealing and severing tubes flush or below a fixed surface. Tube crimping below a fixed surface requires an asymmetric die and anvil configuration. The anvil must be flat so that, after crimping, it may be removed without deforming the crimped tubes. This asymmetric die and anvil is used when a ductile metal tube and valve assembly are attached to a pressure vessel which has a fixed surface around the base of the tube at the pressure vessel. A flat anvil is placed against the tube. Die guides are placed against the tube on a side opposite the anvil. A pinch-off die is inserted into the die guides against the tube. Adequate clearance for inserting the die and anvil around the tube is needed below the fixed surface. The anvil must be flat so that, after crimping, it may be removed without deforming the crimped tubes. 8 figs.

Fischer, J.E.; Walmsley, D.; Wapman, P.D.

1996-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

24

Conduction cooled tube supports  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In boilers, process tubes are suspended by means of support studs that are in thermal contact with and attached to the metal roof casing of the boiler and the upper bend portions of the process tubes. The support studs are sufficiently short that when the boiler is in use, the support studs are cooled by conduction of heat to the process tubes and the roof casing thereby maintaining the temperature of the stud so that it does not exceed 1400.degree. F.

Worley, Arthur C. (Mt. Tabor, NJ); Becht, IV, Charles (Morristown, NJ)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Wound tube heat exchanger  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

What is disclosed is a wound tube heat exchanger in which a plurality of tubes having flattened areas are held contiguous adjacent flattened areas of tubes by a plurality of windings to give a double walled heat exchanger. The plurality of windings serve as a plurality of effective force vectors holding the conduits contiguous heat conducting walls of another conduit and result in highly efficient heat transfer. The resulting heat exchange bundle is economical and can be coiled into the desired shape. Also disclosed are specific embodiments such as the one in which the tubes are expanded against their windings after being coiled to insure highly efficient heat transfer.

Ecker, Amir L. (Duncanville, TX)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Coiled Tubing Safety Manual  

SciTech Connect

This document addresses safety concerns regarding the use of coiled tubing as it pertains to the preservation of personnel, environment and the wellbore.

Crow, W.

1999-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

27

PDSF Hardware Configuration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Configuration Configuration Hardware Configuration Interactive (login) Nodes This page describes the interactive (login) nodes at PDSF. Read More » Compute Nodes Information about the PDSF compute (batch) nodes. Read More » Data Transfer Nodes This page describes the grid and data transfer nodes at PDSF. Read More » Eliza File Systems The eliza file systems at PDSF are used for bulk file storage. Read More » Other File Systems This page describes home directories, scratch space, /common and NGF. Read More » Specific Group Hardware This page describes the extra hardware used by the various scientific groups that use PDSF. Read More » PDSF at a Glance Interactive Nodes 4 pdsf.nersc.gov pdsf[1-4].nersc.gov Compute Nodes 232 2632 Cores GPFS Filesystems 835TB Eliza[1-18] Local Disk

28

Boiler Stack Economizer Tube Failure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A metallurgical evaluation was performed to investigate the failure of a type 304 stainless steel tube from a boiler stack economizer. The tube had three distinct degradation mechanisms...

Ryan J. Haase; Larry D. Hanke

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Photomultiplier Tube Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photomultiplier Tube Testing for the MiniBooNE Experiment B. T. Fleming, L. Bugel, E. Hawker, S. Koutsoliotas, S. McKenney, V. Sandberg, and D. Smith for the MiniBooNE...

30

Flameless tube sealing apparatus  

SciTech Connect

A flameless sealer for glass and polymeric tubes uses a circular filament as a heating element and can be used for sealing relatively large diameter tubes while they are within a glovebox or other protected enclosure. The electrically conductive rods extending from a non-conductive base which defines an aperture for mounting the apparatus to a lattice rod of a glove box. A remotely located power supply provides electrical power to the filament. 2 figs.

McFarlan, J.T.; Zwick, B.D.; Avens, L.R.

1991-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

31

Texture control of zircaloy tubing during tube reduction  

SciTech Connect

Seven batches of Zircaloy-2 nuclear fuel cladding tubes with different textures were processed from tube shells of the same size, by different reduction routes, using pilger and 3-roll mills. Based on the texture data of these tubes, the texture control of Zircaloy tubing, the texture gradient across the wall, and the texture change during annealing were studied. The deformation texture of Zicaloy-2 tubing was dependent on the tool's curvature and was independent of the dimensions of the mother tubes. The different slopes of texture gradients were observed between the tubing of higher strain ration and that of lower strain ratio.

Nagai, N.; Kakuma, T.; Fujita, K.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Coupled-cavity drift-tube linac  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A coupled-cavity drift-tube linac (CCDTL) combines features of the Alvarez drift-tube linac (DTL) and the {pi}-mode coupled-cavity linac (CCL). In one embodiment, each accelerating cavity is a two-cell, 0-mode DTL. The center-to-center distance between accelerating gaps is {beta}{lambda}, where {lambda} is the free-space wavelength of the resonant mode. Adjacent accelerating cavities have oppositely directed electric fields, alternating in phase by 180 degrees. The chain of cavities operates in a {pi}/2 structure mode so the coupling cavities are nominally unexcited. The CCDTL configuration provides an rf structure with high shunt impedance for intermediate velocity charged particles, i.e., particles with energies in the 20-200 MeV range. 5 figs.

Billen, J.H.

1996-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

33

High pressure counterflow CHF.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a report of the experimental results of a program in countercurrent flow critical heat flux. These experiments were performed with Freon 113 at 200 psia in order to model a high pressure water system. An internally ...

Walkush, Joseph Patrick

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Substation Configuration Reliability 1 Reliability of Substation Configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Substation Configuration Reliability 1 Reliability of Substation Configurations Daniel Nack, Iowa substation, it still contains what could be described as weak points or points of failure that would lead to loss of load. By knowing how to calculate the reliability of different substation configurations

McCalley, James D.

35

HTAR Client Configuration and Installation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Configuration and Installation Configuration and Installation HTAR Configuration and Installation HTAR is an archival utility similar to gnu-tar that allows for the archiving and extraction of local files into and out of HPSS. Configuration Instructions This distribution has default configuration settings which will work for most environments. If you want to use the default values (recommended) you can skip to the section labeled INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS. In certain environments, for example if your installation is on a machine which has more than one network interface, you may want to change some of these default settings. To help with this, an interactive Configure script is provided. To use it do $ ./Configure prior to installing. Configure will provide a description of the options

36

Dynamical constraints from field line topology in magnetic flux tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A topological constraint on the dynamics of a magnetic field in a flux tube arises from the fixed point indices of its field line mapping. This can explain unexpected behaviour in recent resistive-magnetohydrodynamic simulations of magnetic relaxation. Here we present the theory for a general periodic flux tube, representing, for example, a toroidal confinement device or a solar coronal loop. We show how an ideal dynamics on the side boundary of the tube implies that the sum of indices over all interior fixed points is invariant. This constraint applies to any continuous evolution inside the tube, which may be turbulent and/or dissipative. We also consider the analogous invariants obtained from periodic points (fixed points of the iterated mapping). Although there is a countably infinite family of invariants, we show that they lead to at most two independent dynamical constraints. The second constraint applies only in certain magnetic configurations. Several examples illustrate the theory.

A. R. Yeates; G. Hornig

2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

37

Power converter connection configuration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

EMI shielding is provided for power electronics circuits and the like via a direct-mount reference plane support and shielding structure. The thermal support may receive one or more power electronic circuits. The support may aid in removing heat from the circuits through fluid circulating through the support. The support forms a shield from both external EMI/RFI and from interference generated by operation of the power electronic circuits. Features may be provided to permit and enhance connection of the circuitry to external circuitry, such as improved terminal configurations. Modular units may be assembled that may be coupled to electronic circuitry via plug-in arrangements or through interface with a backplane or similar mounting and interconnecting structures.

Beihoff, Bruce C. (Wauwatosa, WI); Kehl, Dennis L. (Milwaukee, WI); Gettelfinger, Lee A. (Brown Deer, WI); Kaishian, Steven C. (Milwaukee, WI); Phillips, Mark G. (Brookfield, WI); Radosevich, Lawrence D. (Muskego, WI)

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

38

Downhole pulse tube refrigerators  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes a preliminary design study to explore the plausibility of using pulse tube refrigeration to cool instruments in a hot down-hole environment. The original motivation was to maintain Dave Reagor`s high-temperature superconducting electronics at 75 K, but the study has evolved to include three target design criteria: cooling at 30 C in a 300 C environment, cooling at 75 K in a 50 C environment, cooling at both 75 K and 30 C in a 250 C environment. These specific temperatures were chosen arbitrarily, as representative of what is possible. The primary goals are low cost, reliability, and small package diameter. Pulse-tube refrigeration is a rapidly growing sub-field of cryogenic refrigeration. The pulse tube refrigerator has recently become the simplest, cheapest, most rugged and reliable low-power cryocooler. The authors expect this technology will be applicable downhole because of the ratio of hot to cold temperatures (in absolute units, such as Kelvin) of interest in deep drilling is comparable to the ratios routinely achieved with cryogenic pulse-tube refrigerators.

Swift, G.; Gardner, D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Condensed Matter and Thermal Physics Group

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Fluorescent Tube Lamps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

FEMP temporarily suspended its energy efficiency requirements for fluorescent tube lamps as it evaluates the market impact of the pending 2012 minimum efficiency standards for fluorescent lamps. The program will issue updated energy efficiency requirements when the market distribution of this product category stabilizes and when doing so has the potential to result in significant Federal energy savings.

40

Photomultiplier Tube Home  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Project Homepage Project Homepage Classroom Projects Homepage - Teacher Homepage - Student Homepage Abstract: Photons are created in scintillator devices in most modern particle detectors. These photons yield information about particle collisions that must be measured and decoded. This Website follows the track of a photon as it enters a photomultiplier tube (pmt), an amplifying device that increases the effect of a single photon to levels that are measurable. This signal amplification is crucial; without it, no information exists for decoding. The site presents information regarding the innards of a pmt and allows students to investigate predictive mathematical models describing the signal increase under different, adjustable parameters. Introduction to Research: Photomultipler tubes are omnipresent in particle physics. Understanding the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Joined concentric tubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Tubular objects having two or more concentric layers that have different properties are joined to one another during their manufacture primarily by compressive and friction forces generated by shrinkage during sintering and possibly mechanical interlocking. It is not necessary for the concentric tubes to display adhesive-, chemical- or sinter-bonding to each other in order to achieve a strong bond. This facilitates joining of dissimilar materials, such as ceramics and metals.

DeJonghe, Lutgard; Jacobson, Craig; Tucker, Michael; Visco, Steven

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Shock Tube Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The driver section drives the shock-front because of high pressured driving fluid contained in it. It contains the diaphragm holders, and the mechanisms that control their rupture along with an end cap. The driven section is the portion of the tube where... and to withstand higher pressures. The driver sections named driver-1 and driver-2 are shown in Figure 1. 10 Figure 1. Section view of the driver section. The end cap on the rear driver section is made of thicker material than the side walls because...

Koppenberger, Peter K.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

43

Ion plated electronic tube device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electronic tube and associated circuitry which is produced by ion plating techniques. The process is carried out in an automated process whereby both active and passive devices are produced at very low cost. The circuitry is extremely reliable and is capable of functioning in both high radiation and high temperature environments. The size of the electronic tubes produced are more than an order of magnitude smaller than conventional electronic tubes.

Meek, T.T.

1983-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

44

SHORT-TUBE SUBCRITICAL FLOW Enerag Division  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;SHORT-TUBE SUBCRITICAL FLOW Y. C. Mei Enerag Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge-tube subcritical flow. For short tubes used as refrigerant expansion devices, the orifice model is found inadequate-TUBE SUBCRITICAL FLOW INTRODUCTION Much theoretical and experimental work regarding short tube fluid flow has

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

45

2014 Tube -1 STANDING WAVES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2014 Tube - 1 STANDING WAVES IN AN AIR COLUMN The objective of the experiment is: · To study the harmonic structure of standing waves in an air column. APPARATUS: Computer, FFTScope software, PC speaker, meterstick, sound tube apparatus, thermometer, microphone INTRODUCTION traveling wave of sinusoidal shape

Glashausser, Charles

46

Tubing pressurized firing apparatus for a tubing conveyed perforating gun  

SciTech Connect

A tubing pressurized firing apparatus is shown for use with a tubing conveyed perforating gun of the type used to perforate a cased well bore. The firing apparatus has a tubular body with an upper end for connection in the well tubing string and with a lower end for connection to a well perforating gun. An inner mandrel is slidably mounted within the tubular body and has a ball seat formed in the interior bore thereof for receiving a ball dropped through the well tubing string. The ball and ball seat together form a pressure tight seal whereby tubing pressure in the well tubing string acts on the inner mandrel to slide the mandrel downwardly within the tubular body. A cocking mechanism located below the inner mandrel within the body includes a lockout member which is initially positioned between a detonating pin and a percussion detonator. The cocking mechanism is actuated by downward sliding movement of the inner mandrel to move the lockout member from between the detonating pin and percussion detonator whereby a subsequent release of tubing pressure and upward sliding movement of the inner mandrel exposes the detonating pin to the percussion detonator to actuate the detonator and fire the perforating gun.

Davies, D. L.

1985-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

47

Combustion-thermoelectric tube  

SciTech Connect

In direct combustion-thermoelectric energy conversion, direct fuel injection and reciprocation of the air flowing in a solid matrix are combined with the solid conduction to allow for obtaining super-adiabatic temperatures at the hot junctions. While the solid conductivity is necessary, the relatively large thermal conductivity of the available high-temperature thermoelectric materials (e.g., Si-Ge alloys) results in a large conduction loss from the hot junctions and deteriorates the performance. Here a combustion-thermoelectric tube is introduced and analyzed. Radially averaged temperatures are used for the fluid and solid phases. A combination of external cooling of the cold junctions, and direct injection of the fuel, has been used to increase the energy conversion efficiency for low thermal conductivity, high-melting temperature thermoelectric materials. The parametric study (geometry, flow, stoichiometry, materials) shows that with the current high figure of merit, high temperature Si{sub 0.7}Ge{sub 0.3} properties, a conversion efficiency of about 11% is achievable. With lower thermal conductivities for these high-temperature materials, efficiencies about 25% appear possible. This places this energy conversion in line with the other high efficiency, direct electric power generation methods.

Park, C.W.; Kaviany, M.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Method of making straight fuel cell tubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and an apparatus for making straight fuel cell tubes are disclosed. Extruded tubes comprising powders of fuel cell material and a solvent are dried by rotating the extruded tubes. The rotation process provides uniform circumferential drying which results in uniform linear shrinkage of the tubes. The resultant dried tubes are very straight, thereby eliminating subsequent straightening steps required with conventional processes. The method is particularly useful for forming inner air electrode tubes of solid oxide fuel cells.

Borglum, Brian P. (Edgewood, PA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

CRAD, Configuration Management - Oak Ridge National Laboratory...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Configuration Management - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor CRAD, Configuration Management - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor February...

50

CRAD, Configuration Management - Oak Ridge National Laboratory...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Configuration Management - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor Contractor ORR CRAD, Configuration Management - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope...

51

CRAD, Configuration Management Assessment Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The objective of this assessment is to determine whether a Configuration Management Program (CM) is in place which allows for the availability and retrievability of accurate information, improves response to design and operational decisions, enhances worker safety, increases facility safety and reliability, increases efficiency of work efforts, and helps maintain integrity of interfacing orders.

52

Tube-wave seismic imaging  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The detailed analysis of cross well seismic data for a gas reservoir in Texas revealed two newly detected seismic wave effects, recorded approximately 2000 feet above the reservoir. A tube-wave (150) is initiated in a source well (110) by a source (111), travels in the source well (110), is coupled to a geological feature (140), propagates (151) through the geological feature (140), is coupled back to a tube-wave (152) at a receiver well (120), and is and received by receiver(s) (121) in either the same (110) or a different receiving well (120). The tube-wave has been shown to be extremely sensitive to changes in reservoir characteristics. Tube-waves appear to couple most effectively to reservoirs where the well casing is perforated, allowing direct fluid contact from the interior of a well case to the reservoir.

Korneev, Valeri A [LaFayette, CA

2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

53

Tube-wave seismic imaging  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The detailed analysis of cross well seismic data for a gas reservoir in Texas revealed two newly detected seismic wave effects, recorded approximately 2000 feet above the reservoir. A tube-wave (150) is initiated in a source well (110) by a source (111), travels in the source well (110), is coupled to a geological feature (140), propagates (151) through the geological feature (140), is coupled back to a tube-wave (152) at a receiver well (120), and is and received by receiver(s) (121) in either the same (110) or a different receiving well (120). The tube-wave has been shown to be extremely sensitive to changes in reservoir characteristics. Tube-waves appear to couple most effectively to reservoirs where the well casing is perforated, allowing direct fluid contact from the interior of a well case to the reservoir.

Korneev, Valeri A. (Lafayette, CA); Bakulin, Andrey (Houston, TX)

2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

54

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR TUBE "B3-DryOx" furnace in TRL.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

profile in the Center Zone; they are arranged in a master/slave configuration and the temperature profile start. The wafers should have been RCA cleaned in TRL , less than 4 hours before you start the run and your process must be approved by PTC. 2) Load the wafers into the tube: - place the wafers

Reif, Rafael

55

Snowflake Divertor Configuration in NSTX  

SciTech Connect

Steady-state handling of divertor heat flux is a critical issue for present and future conventional and spherical tokamaks with compact high power density divertors. A novel 'snowflake' divertor (SFD) configuration that takes advantage of magnetic properties of a second-order poloidal null has been predicted to have a larger plasma-wetted area and a larger divertor volume, in comparison with a standard first-order poloidal X-point divertor configuration. The SFD was obtained in 0.8 MA, 4-6 MW NBI-heated H-mode discharges in NSTX using two divertor magnetic coils. The SFD led to a partial detachment of the outer strike point even in low-collisionality scrape-off layer plasma obtained with lithium coatings in NSTX. Significant divertor peak heat flux reduction and impurity screening have been achieved simultaneously with good core confinement and MHD properties.

Soukhanovskii, V. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Ahn, Joonwook [ORNL; Bell, R. E. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Gates, D.A. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Gerhardt, S. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Kaita, R. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Kolemen, E.. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Kugel, H. W. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); LeBlanc, B [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Maingi, Rajesh [ORNL; Maqueda, R. J. [Nova Photonics, Princeton, NJ; McLean, Adam G [ORNL; Menard, J. E. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Mueller, D. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Paul, S. F. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Raman, R [University of Washington, Seattle; Roquemore, L. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Ryutov, D. D. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Scott, H A [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Uranium Neutron Coincidence Collar Model Utilizing Boron-10 Lined Tubes  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security (NA-241) is supporting the project Coincidence Counting With Boron-Based Alternative Neutron Detection Technology at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the development of a 3He proportional counter alternative neutron coincidence counter. The goal of this project is to design, build and demonstrate a system based upon 10B-lined proportional tubes in a configuration typical for 3He-based coincidence counter applications. This report, providing results for model development of Alternative Boron-Based Uranium Neutron Coincidence Collar (ABUNCL) designs, is a deliverable under Task 2 of the project.

Rogers, Jeremy L.; Ely, James H.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Lintereur, Azaree T.; Siciliano, Edward R.

2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

57

Core-tube data logger  

SciTech Connect

Wireline core drilling, increasingly used for geothermal exploration, employs a core-tube to capture a rock core sample during drilling. Three types of core-tube data loggers (CTDL) have been built and tested to date by Sandia national Laboratories. They are: (1) temperature-only logger, (2) temperature/inclinometer logger and (3) heat-shielded temperature/inclinometer logger. All were tested during core drilling operations using standard wireline diamond core drilling equipment. While these tools are designed for core-tube deployment, the tool lends itself to be adapted to other drilling modes and equipment. Topics covered in this paper include: (1) description on how the CTDLs are implemented, (2) the components of the system, (3) the type of data one can expect from this type of tool, (4) lessons learned, (5) comparison to its counterpart and (6) future work.

Henfling, J.A.; Normann, R.A.; Knudsen, S.; Drumheller, D.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

FED pumped limiter configuration issues  

SciTech Connect

Impurity control in the Fusion Engineering Device (FED) is provided by a toroidal belt pumped limiter. Limiter design issues addressed in this paper are (1) poloidal location of the limiter belt, (2) shape of the limiter surface facing the plasma, and (3) whether the belt is pumped from one or both sides. The criteria used for evaluation of limiter configuration features were sensitivity to plasma-edge conditions and ease of maintenance and fabrication. The evaluation resulted in the selection of a baseline FED limiter that is located at the bottom of the device and has a flat surface with a single leading edge.

Haines, J.R.; Fuller, G.M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

AUTOMATED WATER LEVEL MEASUREMENTS IN SMALL-DIAMETER AQUIFER TUBES  

SciTech Connect

Groundwater contaminated with hexavalent chromium, strontium-90, and uranium discharges into the Columbia River along approximately 16 km (10 mi) of the shoreline. Various treatment systems have and will continue to be implemented to eliminate the impact of Hanford Site contamination to the river. To optimize the various remediation strategies, it is important to understand interactions between groundwater and the surface water of the Columbia River. An automated system to record water levels in aquifer sampling tubes installed in the hyporheic zone was designed and tested to (1) gain a more complete understanding of groundwater/river water interactions based on gaining and losing conditions ofthe Columbia River, (2) record and interpret data for consistent and defensible groundwater/surface water conceptual models that may be used to better predict subsurface contaminant fate and transport, and (3) evaluate the hydrodynamic influence of extraction wells in an expanded pump-and-treat system to optimize the treatment system. A system to measure water levels in small-diameter aquifer tubes was designed and tested in the laboratory and field. The system was configured to allow manual measurements to periodically calibrate the instrument and to permit aquifer tube sampling without removing the transducer tube. Manual measurements were collected with an e-tape designed and fabricated especially for this test. Results indicate that the transducer system accurately records groundwater levels in aquifer tubes. These data are being used to refine the conceptual and numeric models to better understand interactions in the hyporheic zone of the Columbia River and the adjacent river water and groundwater, and changes in hydrochemistry relative to groundwater flux as river water recharges the aquifer and then drains back out in response to changes in the river level.

PETERSEN SW; EDRINGTON RS; MAHOOD RO; VANMIDDLESWORTH PE

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

60

Apparatus for connecting aligned abutted tubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for connecting abutted tubes and for maintaining their rotary alignment during connection. The apparatus comprises first and second tubes, a rotation prevention element, a collar and a retainer. Each tube has inside and outside walls, and first and second ends, each end having an inside and outside edge. The first tube has portions defining a first plurality of cavities located at the outside edge of its first end. An external threaded portion is on the outside wall of the first tube and next to the first plurality of cavities. The second tube has portions defining a second plurality of cavities located at the outside edge of its first end. The first plurality has a different number than the second plurality. The first ends of the first and second tubes have substantially the same outside diameter and are abutted during connection so that an orifice is formed whenever first and second tube cavities substantially overlap. A rotation prevension element is placed in the orifice to prevent rotation of the first and second tubes. A collar with an internal threaded portion is slidably disposed about the second tube. The internal threaded portion engages the external threaded portion of the first tube to connect the tubes. A lip connected to the collar prevents separation of the collar from the second tube.

Williams, R.E.

1984-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

VLA HYBRID CONFIGURATIONS A Critical Look  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VLA HYBRID CONFIGURATIONS A Critical Look Barry Clark EVLA Memo 180 July 2014 The VLA hybrid weeks (plus the two week hybrid), whereas going directly from one main configuration to another could 4.5%. 2. The time requests in the hybrid configuration are heavily weighted to the galactic center

Groppi, Christopher

62

Performance of drift tubes under high radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, the aging and the rejuvenation of an ATLAS proportional drift tube are described. Firstly, the Diethorn model of gain is tested using pressure and sense-wire voltage measurements. The drift tube was then ...

Shi, Yue, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Fracture compliance estimation using borehole tube waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We tested two models, one for tube-wave generation and the other for tube-wave attenuation at a fracture intersecting a borehole that can be used to estimate fracture compliance, fracture aperture, and lateral extent. In ...

Bakku, Sudhish Kumar

64

Two phase flow in capillary tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The flow of two phases, gas and liquid, has been studied in horizontal tubes of capillary diameter. The flow has been primarily studied in the regime where the gas flows as long bubbles separated from the wall of the tube ...

Suo, Mikio

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Stability of tube rows in crossflow. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect

A mathematical model for the instability of tube rows subjected to crossflow is examined. The theoretical model, based on the fluid-force data for a pitch-to-diameter ratio of 1.33, provides additional insight into the instability phenomenon. Tests are also conducted for three sets of tube rows. The effects of mass ratio, tube pitch, damping, detuning and finned tubes are investigated. Theoretical results and experimental data are in good agreement.

Chen, S.S.; Jendrzejczyk, J.A.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Spring/dimple instrument tube restraint  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nuclear fuel assembly for a pressurized water nuclear reactor has a spring and dimple structure formed in a non-radioactive insert tube placed in the top of a sensor receiving instrumentation tube thimble disposed in the fuel assembly and attached at a top nozzle, a bottom nozzle, and intermediate grids. The instrumentation tube thimble is open at the top, where the sensor or its connection extends through the cooling water for coupling to a sensor signal processor. The spring and dimple insert tube is mounted within the instrumentation tube thimble and extends downwardly adjacent the top. The springs and dimples restrain the sensor and its connections against lateral displacement causing impact with the instrumentation tube thimble due to the strong axial flow of cooling water. The instrumentation tube has a stainless steel outer sleeve and a zirconium alloy inner sleeve below the insert tube adjacent the top. The insert tube is relatively non-radioactivated inconel alloy. The opposed springs and dimples are formed on diametrically opposite inner walls of the insert tube, the springs being formed as spaced axial cuts in the insert tube, with a web of the insert tube between the cuts bowed radially inwardly for forming the spring, and the dimples being formed as radially inward protrusions opposed to the springs. 7 figures.

DeMario, E.E.; Lawson, C.N.

1993-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

67

Improving Efficiency of Tube Drawing Bench  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Greenville Tube Company, a manufacturer of high-precision, small-diameter stainless steel tubing, conducted an in-house system performance optimization project to improve the efficiency of its No. 6 tube drawing bench. This four-page case study summarizes their experience.

68

Ionization tube simmer current circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A highly efficient flash lamp simmer current circuit utilizes a fifty percent duty cycle square wave pulse generator to pass a current over a current limiting inductor to a full wave rectifier. The DC output of the rectifier is then passed over a voltage smoothing capacitor through a reverse current blocking diode to a flash lamp tube to sustain ionization in the tube between discharges via a small simmer current. An alternate embodiment of the circuit combines the pulse generator and inductor in the form of an FET off line square wave generator with an impedance limited step up output transformer which is then applied to the full wave rectifier as before to yield a similar simmer current.

Steinkraus, Jr., Robert F. (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Ionization tube simmer current circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A highly efficient flash lamp simmer current circuit utilizes a fifty percent duty cycle square wave pulse generator to pass a current over a current limiting inductor to a full wave rectifier. The DC output of the rectifier is then passed over a voltage smoothing capacitor through a reverse current blocking diode to a flash lamp tube to sustain ionization in the tube between discharges via a small simmer current. An alternate embodiment of the circuit combines the pulse generator and inductor in the form of an FET off line square wave generator with an impedance limited step up output transformer which is then applied to the full wave rectifier as before to yield a similar simmer current. 6 figures.

Steinkraus, R.F. Jr.

1994-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

70

Gated SIT vidicon streak tube  

SciTech Connect

A recently developed prototype streak tube designed to produce high gain and resolution by incorporating the streak and readout functions in one envelope thereby minimizing photon-to-change transformations and eliminating external coupling losses is presented. The tube is based upon a grid-gated Silicon-Intensified-Target Vidicon (SITV) with integral Focus Projection Scan (FPS) TV readout. Demagnifying electron optics (m=0.63) in the image section map the 40-mm-diameter photocathode image unto a 25-mm-diameter silicon target where gains greater than or equal to10/sup 3/ are achieved with only 10 KV accelerating voltage. This is compared with much lower gains (approx.50) at much higher voltages (approx.30 KV) reported for streak tubes using phosphor screens. Because SIT technology is well established means for electron imaging in vacuum, such fundamental problems as ''backside thinning'' required for electron imaging unto CCDs do not exist. The high spatial resolution (approx.30 lp/mm), variable scan formats, and high speed electrostatic deflection (250 mm/sup 2/ areas are routinely rastered with 256 scan lines in 1.6 ms) available from FPS readout add versatility not available in CCD devices. Theoretical gain and spatial resolution for this design (developed jointly by Los Alamos National Laboratory and General Electric Co.) are compared with similar calculations and measured data obtained for RCA 73435 streaks fiber optically coupled to (1) 25-mm-diameter SIT FPS vidicons and (2) 40-mm-diameter MCPTs (proximity-focused microchannel plate image intensifier tubes) fiber optically coupled to 18-mm-diameter Sb/sub 2/S/sub 3/ FPS vidicons. Sweep sensitivity, shutter ratio, and record lengths for nanosecond duration (20 to 200 ns) streak applications are discussed.

Dunbar, D.L.; Yates, G.J.; Black, J.P.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Cold cathode vacuum discharge tube  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cold cathode vacuum discharge tube, and method for making same, with an interior surface of the trigger probe coated with carbon deposited by carbon vapor deposition (CVD) or diamond-like carbon (DLC) deposition. Preferably a solid graphite insert is employed in the probe-cathode structure in place of an aluminum bushing employed in the prior art. The CVD or DLC probe face is laser scribed to allow resistance trimming to match available trigger voltage signals and to reduce electrical aging.

Boettcher, Gordon E. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Turbine nozzle stage having thermocouple guide tube  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A guide tube is fixed adjacent opposite ends in outer and inner covers of a nozzle stage segment. The guide tube is serpentine in shape between the outer and inner covers and extends through a nozzle vane. An insert is disposed in the nozzle vane and has apertures to accommodate serpentine portions of the guide tube. Cooling steam is also supplied through chambers of the insert on opposite sides of a central insert chamber containing the guide tube. The opposite ends of the guide tube are fixed to sleeves, in turn fixed to the outer and inner covers.

Schotsch, Margaret Jones (Greer, SC); Kirkpatrick, Francis Lawrence (late of Galway, NY); Lapine, Eric Michael (Northwood, NH)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

DOCS System Configuration Management Plan | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

DOCS System Configuration Management Plan DOCS System Configuration Management Plan The DOCS Systems Configuration Management Plan (SCMP), from an actual DOE systems engineering...

74

Definition: Electrical Profiling Configurations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Profiling Configurations Profiling Configurations Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Electrical Profiling Configurations Electrical profiling is a DC resistivity survey which aims to trace lateral variations in the apparent resistivity structure of the subsurface. Traditionally, electrical profiling provides qualitative information of relative apparent resistivity values in order to detect anomalous geological features.[1] Also Known As Electrical mapping References ↑ http://www.amazon.com/Principles-Electric-Borehole-Geophysics-Geochemistry/dp/0444529942 Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Electrical_Profiling_Configurations&oldid=596184" Category: Definitions

75

Ontological Configuration Management for Wireless Mesh Routers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the CIM model and OWL ontology language and implementing XSLT transformations from the originalOntological Configuration Management for Wireless Mesh Routers Iv´an D´iaz , Cristian Popi configuration format to CIM/OWL and back. We thus represent it in a higher level of abstraction, an on

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

76

Configurations for short period rf undulators  

Several configurations for rf undulators energized at millimeter wavelengths and designed to produce coherent nanometer radiation from sub-GeV electron beams are analyzed and compared with one another. These configurations include a traveling-wave resonant ring, a standing wave resonator, and a resonator operating close to cutoff.

Kuzikov, S. V.; Jiang, Y.; Marshall, T. C.; Sotnikov, G. V.; Hirshfield, J. L.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Large Diameter Lasing Tube Cooling Arrangement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cooling structure (16) for use inside a ceramic cylindrical tube (11) of a metal vapor laser (10) to cool the plasma in the tube (11), the cooling structure (16) comprising a plurality of circular metal members (17,31) and mounting members (18, 34) that position the metal members (17,31) coaxially in the tube (11) to form an annular lasing volume, with the metal members (17, 31) being axially spaced from each other along the length of the tube (11) to prevent the metal members from shorting out the current flow through the plasma in the tube (11) and to provide spaces through which the heat from localized hot spots in the plasma may radiate to the other side of the tube (11).

Hall, Jerome P.; Alger, Terry W.; Anderson, Andrew T.; Arnold, Philip A.

2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

78

Tube support grid and spacer therefor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tube support grid and spacers therefor provide radially inward preloading of heat exchange tubes to minimize stress upon base welds due to differential thermal expansion. The grid comprises a concentric series of rings and spacers with opposing concave sides for conforming to the tubes and V-shaped ends to provide resilient flexibility. The flexibility aids in assembly and in transmitting seismic vibrations from the tubes to a shroud. The tube support grid may be assembled in place to achieve the desired inwardly radial preloading of the heat exchange tubes. Tab and slot assembly further minimizes stresses in the system. The radii of the grid rings may be preselected to effect the desired radially inward preloading.

Ringsmuth, Richard J. (Solano Beach, CA); Kaufman, Jay S. (Del Mar, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Sampling artifacts from conductive silicone tubing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sampling artifacts from conductive silicone tubing Sampling artifacts from conductive silicone tubing Title Sampling artifacts from conductive silicone tubing Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2009 Authors Timko, Michael T., Zhenhong Yu, Jesse Kroll, John T. Jayne, Douglas R. Worsnop, Richard C. Miake-Lye, Timothy B. Onasch, David Liscinsky, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, Hugo Destaillats, Amara L. Holder, Jared D. Smith, and Kevin R. Wilson Journal Aerosol Science and Technology Volume 43 Issue 9 Pagination 855-865 Date Published 06/03/2009 Abstract We report evidence that carbon impregnated conductive silicone tubing used in aerosol sampling systems can introduce two types of experimental artifacts: (1) silicon tubing dynamically absorbs carbon dioxide gas, requiring greater than 5 minutes to reach equilibrium and (2) silicone tubing emits organic contaminants containing siloxane that are adsorbed onto particles traveling through it and onto downstream quartz fiber filters. The consequence can be substantial for engine exhaust measurements as both artifacts directly impact calculations of particulate mass-based emission indices. The emission of contaminants from the silicone tubing can result in overestimation of organic particle mass concentrations based on real-time aerosol mass spectrometry and the off-line thermal analysis of quartz filters. The adsorption of siloxane contaminants can affect the surface properties of aerosol particles; we observed a marked reduction in the water-affinity of soot particles passed through conductive silicone tubing. These combined observations suggest that the silicone tubing artifacts may have wide consequence for the aerosol community and the tubing should, therefore, be used with caution. Contamination associated with the use of silicone tubing was observed at ambient temperature and, in some cases, was enhanced by mild heating (<70°C) or pre-exposure to a solvent (methanol). Further evaluation is warranted to quantify systematically how the contamination responds to variations in system temperature, physicochemical particle properties, exposure to solvent, sample contact time, tubing age, and sample flow rates.

80

Leakage-flow-induced vibration of a tube-in-tube slip joint. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect

The susceptibility of a cantilevered tube conveying water to self-excitation by leakage flow through a slip joint is assessed experimentally. The slip joint is formed by inserting a smaller, rigid tube into the free end of the cantilevered tube. Variations of the slip joint annular gaps and engagement lengths are tested, and several mechanisms for self-excitation are described.

Mulcahy, T.M.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Direct-Current Resistivity Survey Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water Thermal: Resistivity influenced by temperature

82

Electrical Profiling Configurations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electrical Profiling Configurations Electrical Profiling Configurations Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Electrical Profiling Configurations Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Direct-Current Resistivity Survey Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water Thermal: Resistivity influenced by temperature

83

Software Configuration Management (SCM) A Practical Guide | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Software Configuration Management (SCM) A Practical Guide Software Configuration Management (SCM) A Practical Guide Software Configuration Management (SCM) A Practical Guide This document provides a practical guide for integrating software configuration management disciplines into the management of software engineering projects. Software configuration management is the process of identifying and defining the software configuration items in a system, controlling the release and change of these items throughout the system lifecycle, recording and reporting the status of configuration items and change requests, and verifying the completeness and correctness of configuration items Software Configuration Management (SCM) A Practical Guide More Documents & Publications NMMSS Software Quality Assurance Plan SOFTWARE QUALITY & SYSTEMS ENGINEERING PROGRAM: Software Configuration

84

Characterization of stainless steel 304 tubing  

SciTech Connect

Earlier studies have shown that stainless steel 304 (SS304) containing martensite is susceptible to hydrogen embrittlement. This generated concern regarding the structural integrity of SS304 tubing we use in the W87 pit tube. During surveillance operations, the pit tube undergoes a series of bending and straightening as it goes through a number of surveillance cycles. This motivated the study to characterize austenitic SS304 tubing obtained from Rocky Flats. The tubes continued to display structural soundness even after numerous repeated bending and straightening cycles. The minimum and maximum number of bends to failure occurred after 13 and 16 cycles, respectively. After 5 bends, both the inner and outer surfaces of the tubing showed no microcracks. When the bent tubing samples were pressurized and tested using deuterium at 74{degrees}C and at {approximately}78{degrees}C, they failed away from the bent area. Thus deuterium embrittlement of the bent SS304 tubing should not be a problem. Moreover, to increase our 95% confidence level to 5 bends, we are planning to perform at least four additional bends to failure tests.

Sunwoo, A.J.; Brooks, M.A.; Kervin, J.E.

1995-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

85

Sampling Artifacts from Conductive Silicone Tubing  

SciTech Connect

We report evidence that carbon impregnated conductive silicone tubing used in aerosol sampling systems can introduce two types of experimental artifacts: 1) silicon tubing dynamically absorbs carbon dioxide gas, requiring greater than 5 minutes to reach equilibrium and 2) silicone tubing emits organic contaminants containing siloxane that adsorb onto particles traveling through it and onto downstream quartz fiber filters. The consequence can be substantial for engine exhaust measurements as both artifacts directly impact calculations of particulate mass-based emission indices. The emission of contaminants from the silicone tubing can result in overestimation of organic particle mass concentrations based on real-time aerosol mass spectrometry and the off-line thermal analysis of quartz filters. The adsorption of siloxane contaminants can affect the surface properties of aerosol particles; we observed a marked reduction in the water-affinity of soot particles passed through conductive silicone tubing. These combined observations suggest that the silicone tubing artifacts may have wide consequence for the aerosol community and should, therefore, be used with caution. Gentle heating, physical and chemical properties of the particle carriers, exposure to solvents, and tubing age may influence siloxane uptake. The amount of contamination is expected to increase as the tubing surface area increases and as the particle surface area increases. The effect is observed at ambient temperature and enhanced by mild heating (<100 oC). Further evaluation is warranted.

Timko, Michael T.; Yu, Zhenhong; Kroll, Jesse; Jayne, John T.; Worsnop, Douglas R.; Miake-Lye, Richard C.; Onasch, Timothy B.; Liscinsky, David; Kirchstetter, Thomas W.; Destaillats, Hugo; Holder, Amara L.; Smith, Jared D.; Wilson, Kevin R.

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

86

Property:Mooring Configuration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mooring Configuration Mooring Configuration Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Mooring Configuration Property Type Text Pages using the property "Mooring Configuration" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) M MHK Technologies/Aegir Dynamo + Gravity base with tension leg platform MHK Technologies/AirWEC + Single point slack moored MHK Technologies/Aquantis + Proprietary MHK Technologies/Atlantis AN 150 + mono pylon MHK Technologies/Atlantis AR 1000 + Site specific design mono pylon or gravity base structure The AR 1000 deployed at EMEC makes use of a GBS foundation MHK Technologies/Atlantis AS 400 + N A MHK Technologies/C Plane + Tethered MHK Technologies/CETO Wave Energy Technology + Anchored MHK Technologies/Centipod + Proprietary MHK Technologies/Current Electric Generator + The anchors for the Current Electric Generator will be made from concrete and will be a gravity base

87

Definition: Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sounding Configurations Sounding Configurations Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations A vertical electrical sounding (VES) is a DC resistivity survey which provides information regarding the change in apparent resistivity with depth. A quantitative interpretation of the results from VES measurements enable determination of the parameters for the geoelectric section.[1] Also Known As VES; Schlumberger Sounding References ↑ http://www.nga.com/Flyers_PDF/NGA_DC_Resistivity.pdf http://www.amazon.com/Principles-Electric-Borehole-Geophysics-Geochemistry/dp/0444529942 Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Vertical_Electrical_Sounding_Configurations&oldid=596183

88

Regulatory software configuration management system design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The gap between nuclear safety-related regulations and the commercial software configuration management causes software quality concerns for Digital Control and Information System (DCIS) of a nuclear power plant. The main reason is that the DCIS of a ...

I-Hsin Chou; Chin-Feng Fan

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Formation of a Spheromak Plasma Configuration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A compact, toroidal configuration of magnetized plasma is produced by a combination of Z- and ?-pinch discharges. A paramagnetic toroidal field is produced by currents circulating in the plasma on closed flux surfaces.

G. C. Goldenbaum; J. H. Irby; Y. P. Chong; G. W. Hart

1980-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

90

Cognitive abilities as influenced by family configuration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COGNITIVE ABILITIES AS INFLUENCED BY FAMILY CONFIGURATION A Thesis by Jani ce Leanne Pate Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1979... Major Subject; Psychology COGNITIVE ABILITIES AS INFLUENCED BY FAMILY CONFIGURATION A Thesis by Jani ce Leanne Pate Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Committee ( y' ~ ' l~ ~ J Hember / Nember (Head of Department) August 1979...

Pate, Janice Leanne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

91

Evaluation of heliostat field/receiver configurations  

SciTech Connect

This report evaluates and compares north heliostat field/cavity receiver configurations and surround heliostat field/external receiver configurations. The receiver coolants are molten nitrate salts and liquid sodium. Both field/receiver configurations use molten salt thermal storage; the sodium receiver is thermally connected to thermal storage by a sodium-to-salt heat exchanger. The heliostat filed size is fixed at 1,000,000 square meters of reflective area, and the delivered molten salt temperature is fixed at 566/sup 0/C. The delivered thermal power varies from 500 to 600 MW/sub t/, depending on the overall system efficiency. The generic north heliostat field/cavity receiver configurations were found to be 6 to 10 percent efficient than a generic surround field/external receiver configuration. There was little or no difference found in the transient performance of a molten salt receiver compared to a sodium receiver connected to a sodium-to-salt heat exchanger. Four configurations were of particular interest: (1) a north heliostat field/single cavity molten salt receiver, (2) a surround heliostat field/external cylinder molten salt receiver, (3) a surround heliostat field/external cylinder liquid sodium receiver, and (4) a north heliostat field/single cavity liquid sodium receiver. It was found that the surround field/liquid sodium external receiver configuration may provide energy at a 14 percent lower levelized energy cost than a north field/molten salt cavity receiver configuration. However, the cost advantage of the surround field/liquid sodium external receiver is not conclusive because of uncertainties in system component costs.

Faas, S.E.; Winters, W.S.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Heat Transfer Enhancement for Finned-Tube Heat Exchangers with Vortex Generators: Experimental and Numerical Results  

SciTech Connect

A combined experimental and numerical investigation is under way to investigate heat transfer enhancement techniques that may be applicable to large-scale air-cooled condensers such as those used in geothermal power applications. The research is focused on whether air-side heat transfer can be improved through the use of finsurface vortex generators (winglets,) while maintaining low heat exchanger pressure drop. A transient heat transfer visualization and measurement technique has been employed in order to obtain detailed distributions of local heat transfer coefficients on model fin surfaces. Pressure drop measurements have also been acquired in a separate multiple-tube row apparatus. In addition, numerical modeling techniques have been developed to allow prediction of local and average heat transfer for these low-Reynolds-number flows with and without winglets. Representative experimental and numerical results presented in this paper reveal quantitative details of local fin-surface heat transfer in the vicinity of a circular tube with a single delta winglet pair downstream of the cylinder. The winglets were triangular (delta) with a 1:2 height/length aspect ratio and a height equal to 90% of the channel height. Overall mean fin-surface Nusselt-number results indicate a significant level of heat transfer enhancement (average enhancement ratio 35%) associated with the deployment of the winglets with oval tubes. Pressure drop measurements have also been obtained for a variety of tube and winglet configurations using a single-channel flow apparatus that includes four tube rows in a staggered array. Comparisons of heat transfer and pressure drop results for the elliptical tube versus a circular tube with and without winglets are provided. Heat transfer and pressure-drop results have been obtained for flow Reynolds numbers based on channel height and mean flow velocity ranging from 700 to 6500.

O'Brien, James Edward; Sohal, Manohar Singh; Huff, George Albert

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Detonation propagation in a high loss configuration  

SciTech Connect

This work presents an experimental study of detonation wave propagation in tubes with inner diameters (ID) comparable to the mixture cell size. Propane-oxygen mixtures were used in two test section tubes with inner diameters of 1.27 mm and 6.35 mm. For both test sections, the initial pressure of stoichiometric mixtures was varied to determine the effect on detonation propagation. For the 6.35 mm tube, the equivalence ratio {phi} (where the mixture was {phi} C{sub 3}H{sub 8} + 50{sub 2}) was also varied. Detonations were found to propagate in mixtures with cell sizes as large as five times the diameter of the tube. However, under these conditions, significant losses were observed, resulting in wave propagation velocities as slow as 40% of the CJ velocity U{sub CJ}. A review of relevant literature is presented, followed by experimental details and data. Observed velocity deficits are predicted using models that account for boundary layer growth inside detonation waves.

Jackson, Scott I [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shepherd, Joseph E [CALTECH

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Catalyst-free synthesis of boron nitride single-wall nanotubes with a preferred zig-zag configuration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) were synthesized in gram quantities using a continuous CO2 laser ablation reactor without the benefit of a metal catalyst. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy analyses have shown the samples to be composed of single-wall nanotubes organized in long and well-crystallized bundles containing about ten tubes. The samples also contain a small amount of double-wall BNNTs and multiwall boron nitride fullerenelike “cages.” The majority of the BNNTs were identified as having the zig-zag configuration, as attested by the 0.2 nm period array of spots observed along tube walls; the other tubes are either armchair or chiral. The BNNTs seem to be attached at one end to nanoparticles which were shown in electron spectroscopy imaging mode to be composed of pure boron, thus supporting a root-based growth mechanism.

R. S. Lee; J. Gavillet; M. Lamy de la Chapelle; A. Loiseau; J.-L. Cochon; D. Pigache; J. Thibault; F. Willaime

2001-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

95

Detonation limits in rough walled tubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present paper reports the results of a study of detonation limits in rough tubes. Detonation velocity is measured by photodiodes and ionization probes spaced at 10 cm intervals along the length of the tube. Short lengths of smoked foils inserted into the core of the rough tube is used to register the structure of the detonation wave. Pressure transducers are also used to obtain the pressure profile. The results indicate that in rough tubes, the detonation velocity is generally much lower than the corresponding values for smooth tubes. The velocity decreases slowly at first and then more rapidly as the limit is approached. The velocity variation is generally continuous and at the limits, the failure velocity is of the order of about 0.4 V CJ for all cases. The detonation limits in rough tubes are found to be wider than for a smooth tube. This indicates that the turbulence generated by the wall roughness facilitates the propagation of the detonation and extends the limits. Smoked foil records show that in the core of the rough tube the detonation front has a cellular structure corresponding to the usual cellular structure due to instability of the detonation. Thus the intrinsic unstable cellular structure is quite robust and retains its global characteristics in spite of the large perturbations generated by the rough wall. The detonation in the core of the rough tube goes from multi-headed to single headed as the limit is approached. Past the single headed spin, the low velocity detonation has no cellular structure but consists of interacting weak transverse waves from the rough wall. The averaged pressure of the low velocity detonation front corresponds to about the constant volume explosion pressure, in accord with the velocity of the low velocity detonation.

Amanda Starr; John H.S. Lee; Hoi Dick Ng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Alternative Electrostatic Green's Function for a Long Tube. ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alternative Electrostatic Green's Function for a Long Tube. Alternative Electrostatic Green's Function for a Long Tube. Abstract: This note describes an expression for the...

97

Starter for inductively coupled plasma tube  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A starter assembly is provided for use with an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) tube to reliably initiate a plasma at internal pressures above about 30 microns. A conductive probe is inserted within the inductor coil about the tube and insulated from the tube shield assembly. A capacitive circuit is arranged for momentarily connecting a high voltage radio-frequency generator to the probe while simultaneously energizing the coil. When the plasma is initiated the probe is disconnected from the generator and electrically connected to the shield assembly for operation. 1 fig.

Hull, D.E.; Bieniewski, T.M.

1988-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

98

PARS II Configuration Update - Trusted Publisher  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Configuration Update - Trusted Publisher Configuration Update - Trusted Publisher As of July 15, 2013, all reports within SSS Reports will require a new Trusted Publisher to be accepted in order for reports to present correctly and as intended. The new Trusted Publisher certificate has been issued to the US Department of Energy by Entrust Code Signing Certification Authority - L1D and is valid until 4/22/2016. Depending upon the security settings within your domain for your workstation, administrative rights may be required to accept the new Trusted Publisher. If required, please contact your local IT Helpdesk for assistance. The original Trusted Publisher certificate, Dekker Ltd., may remain within your configuration settings. Acceptance of the new Trusted Publisher in no way affects any current reporting requirements.

99

Frictional forces in helical buckling of tubing  

SciTech Connect

Previous analyses of helical buckling of tubing have not considered frictional forces. This paper describes the modifications to helical buckling theory necessary to include friction. The first need is a relationship between the buckling force and the casing to tubing contact force. This contact force is determined through use of the principle of virtual work. The next need is the relationship between the friction forces, the buckling force, and the geometry of the tubing helix. Differential equations are derived and solved for two cases of interest: buckling during the landing of the tubing and thermal and differential pressure loading subsequent to landing. Several example problems are examined to evaluate the relative importance of friction.

Mitchell, R.F.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

High-Pressure Tube Trailers and Tanks  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation on High-Pressure Tube Trailers and Tanks for the DOE Hydrogen Delivery High-Pressure Tanks and Analysis Project Review Meeting held February 8-9, 2005 at Argonne National Laboratory

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Impedance tube measurements of printed porous materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An impedance tube has been used to make measurements of the acoustic impedance of porous samples. Porous with designed porosities and tortuosities have been produced using 3D printing. Measured impedances are compared to calculated values.

Carl Frederickson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Sample inlet tube for ion source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved inlet tube is positioned within an aperture through the device to allow the passage of ions from the ion source, through the improved inlet tube, and into the interior of the device. The inlet tube is designed with a larger end and a smaller end wherein the larger end has a larger interior diameter than the interior diameter of the smaller end. The inlet tube is positioned within the aperture such that the larger end is pointed towards the ion source, to receive ions therefrom, and the smaller end is directed towards the interior of the device, to deliver the ions thereto. Preferably, the ion source utilized in the operation of the present invention is a standard electrospray ionization source. Similarly, the present invention finds particular utility in conjunction with analytical devices such as mass spectrometers.

Prior, David [Hermiston, OR; Price, John [Richland, WA; Bruce, Jim [Oceanside, CA

2002-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

103

Forced-convection condensation inside tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High vapor velocity condensation inside a tube was studied analytically. The von Karman universal velocity distribution was applied to the condensate flow, pressure drops were calculated using the Lockhart- Martinelli ...

Traviss, Donald P.

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Floor tube corrosion in recovery boilers  

SciTech Connect

Lower sulfur emissions at a pulp mill result in higher sulfidity levels and in the enrichment of potassium in the mill`s liquor system. The sulfidity values at Scandinavian kraft mills previously fluctuated between 28 and 35%; today they exceed 45%. Viscosity measurements show that the viscosity decreases drastically when the sulfidity increases from 30 mole% to 40 mole%, its potassium and chlorine levels are high enough, and the char bed is low, the smelt flows easily and may penetrate the char bed, approaching the floor tubes. In extreme cases, the hot smelt destroys the layer of solidified smelt on the floor tube`s surface and reacts very rapidly with the floor tube.

Klarin, A. [A. Ahistrom Corp., Helsinki (Finland)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Model for Configurational Thermodynamics in Ionic Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We develop a formalism to model configurational thermodynamics in ionic systems with multiple anion and cation species. Because cations and anions can be partitioned into two interacting sublattices that do not exchange species, the dimensionality of configuration space is significantly reduced. The result is a model applicable to many important problems in ionic systems. Here we show that the effect of an order-disorder transition in one sublattice on the other depends on how the symmetry is changed through the transition, as well as on the strength of the interactions.

P. D. Tepesch; G. D. Garbulsky; G. Ceder

1995-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

106

Steady State Thermoelectric Field-Reversed Configurations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that the cross-field thermoelectric force of magnetized plasmas can maintain field-reversed configurations against resistive diffusion, resulting in a steady state device attractive for thermonuclear fusion. If a peaked radial temperature profile is maintained, the thermoelectric force is in the opposite direction to the usual resistive friction, thus maintaining the field configuration. The field maintenance is tantamount to dynamo action, operating even in two dimensions. We show that a steady state device can be made by simply heating the O-point: no external electric fields or particle sources are needed. The feasibility of this scheme for fusion is discussed.

A. B. Hassam; R. M. Kulsrud; R. J. Goldston; H. Ji; M. Yamada

1999-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

107

Critical configurations of planar robot arms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is known that a closed polygon P is a critical point of the oriented area function if and only if P is a cyclic polygon, that is, $P$ can be inscribed in a circle. Moreover, there is a short formula for the Morse index. Going further in this direction, we extend these results to the case of open polygonal chains, or robot arms. We introduce the notion of the oriented area for an open polygonal chain, prove that critical points are exactly the cyclic configurations with antipodal endpoints and derive a formula for the Morse index of a critical configuration.

Khimshiashvili, G; Siersma, D; Zhukova, A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Generalized correlation for foam flow in tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GENERALIZED CORRELATION FOR FOAM FLOW IN TUBES A Thesis by CAROL LYNNETTE COTTER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December.... (December 1996) Carol Lynnette Cotter, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Raymond W. Flumerfelt A novel experimental procedure to determine the behavior of foam flow in tubes is established. Using an approach developed...

Cotter, Carol Lynnette

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

109

Soft pion emission from fat flux tubes  

SciTech Connect

The emission of pions from multiquark flux tubes is examined as an explanation of the soft pion puzzle. Although the soft pion spectra from the decay of fat flux tubes can account for some low {ital p}{sub {perpendicular}} enhancement, the dependence on the number of involved quarks is too weak to provide a plausible explanation of the observed enhancement in the pion spectrum at low transverse momenta.

Kusnezov, D.; Danielewicz, P. (National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Physics Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (USA))

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Tube construction for fluidized bed combustor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fluidized bed combustor comprises a reactor or a housing which has a windbox distributor plate adjacent the lower end thereof which contains a multiplicity of hole and air discharge nozzles for discharging air and coal into a fluidized bed which is maintained above the distributor plate and below a take-off connection or flue to a cyclone separator in which some of the products of combustion are treated to remove the dust which is returned into the fluidized bed. A windbox is spaced below the fluidized bed and it has a plurality of tubes passing therethrough with the passage of combustion air and fluidizing air which passes through an air space so that fluidizing air is discharged into the reaction chamber fluidized bed at the bottom thereof to maintain the bed in a fluidized condition. A fluid, such as air, is passed through the tubes which extend through the windbox and provide a preheating of the combustion air and into an annular space between telescoped inner and outer tubes which comprise heat exchanger tubes or cooling tubes which extend upwardly through the distributor plate into the fluidized bed. The heat exchanger tubes are advantageously arranged so that they may be exposed in groups within the reactor in a cluster which is arranged within holding rings.

De Feo, Angelo (Totowa, NJ); Hosek, William (Mt. Tabor, NJ)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Fluidized bed combustor and tube construction therefor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fluidized bed combustor comprises a reactor or a housing which has a windbox distributor plate adjacent the lower end thereof which contains a multiplicity of hole and air discharge nozzles for discharging air and coal into a fluidized bed which is maintained above the distributor plate and below a take-off connection or flue to a cyclone separator in which some of the products of combustion are treated to remove the dust which is returned into the fluidized bed. A windbox is spaced below the fluidized bed and it has a plurality of tubes passing therethrough with the passage of combustion air and fluidizing air which passes through an air space so that fluidizing air is discharged into the reaction chamber fluidized bed at the bottom thereof to maintain the bed in a fluidized condition. A fluid, such as air, is passed through the tubes which extend through the windbox and provide a preheating of the combustion air and into an annular space between telescoped inner and outer tubes which comprise heat exchanger tubes or cooling tubes which extend upwardly through the distributor plate into the fluidized bed. The heat exchanger tubes are advantageously arranged so that they may be exposed in groups within the reactor in a cluster which is arranged within holding rings.

De Feo, Angelo (Passaic, NJ); Hosek, William (Morris, NJ)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Novel electromagnetic technique for repositioning of coolant tube spacers in CANDU nuclear reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel electromagnetic technique to reposition the coolant tube spacers in the fuel channels of CANDU nuclear reactors was successfully developed in the fall of 1983 at Ontario Hydro Research Division. The need to reposition dislocated spacers in noncommissioned reactors was discovered subsequent to the rupture of a pressure tube in one reactor at the Pickering Nuclear Generator Station in Ontario. A contributing factor to the failure of the tube was the fact that the annular spacers (garter springs) used to maintain the coaxial configuration between the pressure tube and its surrounding calandria tube had been displaced longitudinally for a number of years. Subsequent to this finding it was discovered that a number of garter springs in noncommissioned nuclear reactors were displaced due to vibration induced by various sources during the construction stage. Since the garter springs are not directly accessible by mechanical means extensive dismantling of the fuel channels would have been necessary to reposition the springs in their designated locations. This paper describes a novel method to reposition the garter springs without dismantling the fuel channels. The method consists of exerting a force on the springs in the direction of the required displacement by applying a large electromagnetic impulse (generated by a 200?kJ capacitor bank) to a drive coil inserted into the pressure tube opposite the spacer. The repositioning of displaced garter springs in five new reactors in Ontario has been carried out successfully in 1984. The saving in reactor repair cost interest charges and replacement energy cost was on the order of hundreds of millions of dollars. Equally large benefits and savings will be realized if the need to use this technique in commissioned reactors arises. Also the related development of strong compact coils and low?resistance pulse power cable have significant implications and advantages in various other applications related to the pulse power industry in general and to electromagnetic metal forming and fusion technologies specifically.

Joseph H. Dableh

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Problem 031: Rack Configuration Problem Matthew Grum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Problem 031: Rack Configuration Problem Matthew Grum Dept. Computer Science, The University of York/index.html given n models, n types, n racks: nat letting MODEL be 1..n models, TY PE be 1..n types find PLUG: mset(maxsize n racks) of mset of TY PE, MODEL minimising r PLUG Price(r[2]) such that t TY

St Andrews, University of

114

Computational Analysis of Shrouded Wind Turbine Configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational Analysis of Shrouded Wind Turbine Configurations Aniket C. Aranake Vinod K. Lakshminarayan Karthik Duraisamy Computational analysis of diuser-augmented turbines is performed using high-dimensional simulations of shrouded wind turbines are performed for selected shroud geometries. The results are compared

Alonso, Juan J.

115

Quasistatic Formation of the Spheromak Plasma Configuration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel method for creating the spheromak configuration has been proposed and verified experimentally. The scheme is based on a transfer of poloidal and toroidal magnetic fluxes into a plasma from a "flux core." We present the first experimental verification of this quasistatic (?Alfve´n??form

M. Yamada; H. P. Furth; W. Hsu; A. Janos; S. Jardin; M. Okabayashi; J. Sinnis; T. H. Stix; K. Yamazaki

1981-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

116

Method of positioning tubing within a horizontal well  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a method of variably and selectively positioning coil tubing in a horizontally drilled well having a generally vertical section, a curve section and a generally horizontal section. It comprises securing a generally hollow tubing guide shoe to one end of a tubing string; inserting the tubing guide shoe and a portion of the tubing string through the generally vertical section and the curve section and into a portion of the generally horizontal section; and inserting coil tubing through the tubing string.

Young, C.E.

1992-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

117

Fireside carburization of stainless steel furnace tubes  

SciTech Connect

Most heavy Venezuelan crudes are recognized for having a high total acid number (TAN) that is usually associated with a high tendency to produce naphthenic acid corrosion. To resist this type of corrosion in vacuum heaters, 9Cr-1Mo steel and stainless steels containing molybdenum are usually recommended. In 1993 the original 5Cr-1/2Mo roof tubes of the furnace in a vacuum unit were replaced by stainless steel 316Ti to minimize tube replacement and increase heater reliability. Unexpectedly, some of the new tubes failed after only three years of service, and just one year after undergoing the last turnaround inspection. The damage occurred in the form of deep holes and perforations, starting from the outside tube surface on the fireside. Coke build-up occurred due to severe operating conditions, overheating the tubes on the fireside, above 675 C (1250 F). Metallographic and Scanning Electron Microscopic (SEM) examination revealed internal and external carburization of the material due to the presence of coke and combustion ashes, respectively. The increase in the skin metal temperature facilitated the diffusion of carbon from these carbon-rich deposits into the low carbon content material (0.023 O/O).Depletion of chromium at the grain boundaries due to the massive formation of chromium carbides, resulted in a severe intergranular corrosion attack by molten salts rich in vanadium and sulfur due to asphalt burning. Normal operating practice demands the use of steam for the heater tubes to control coke build-up. This practice had been first reduced and then eliminated, during the past two years prior to the failure, because of economic incentives. This paper describes the root cause analysis conducted to account for these premature tube failures.

Mirabal, E.; Molina, C. [PDVSA-Refineria Isla, Curayao (Netherlands); Mayorga, A.; Hau, J.L. [PDVSA-Intevep, Caracas (Venezuela)

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Configuration management in nuclear power plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Configuration management (CM) is the process of identifying and documenting the characteristics of a facility's structures, systems and components of a facility, and of ensuring that changes to these characteristics are properly developed, assessed, approved, issued, implemented, verified, recorded and incorporated into the facility documentation. The need for a CM system is a result of the long term operation of any nuclear power plant. The main challenges are caused particularly by ageing plant technology, plant modifications, the application of new safety and operational requirements, and in general by human factors arising from migration of plant personnel and possible human failures. The IAEA Incident Reporting System (IRS) shows that on average 25% of recorded events could be caused by configuration errors or deficiencies. CM processes correctly applied ensure that the construction, operation, maintenance and testing of a physical facility are in accordance with design requirements as expressed in the d...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Microhole High-Pressure Jet Drill for Coiled Tubing  

SciTech Connect

Tempress Small Mechanically-Assisted High-Pressure Waterjet Drilling Tool project centered on the development of a downhole intensifier (DHI) to boost the hydraulic pressure available from conventional coiled tubing to the level required for high-pressure jet erosion of rock. We reviewed two techniques for implementing this technology (1) pure high-pressure jet drilling and (2) mechanically-assisted jet drilling. Due to the difficulties associated with modifying a downhole motor for mechanically-assisted jet drilling, it was determined that the pure high-pressure jet drilling tool was the best candidate for development and commercialization. It was also determined that this tool needs to run on commingled nitrogen and water to provide adequate downhole differential pressure and to facilitate controlled pressure drilling and descaling applications in low pressure wells. The resulting Microhole jet drilling bottomhole assembly (BHA) drills a 3.625-inch diameter hole with 2-inch coil tubing. The BHA consists of a self-rotating multi-nozzle drilling head, a high-pressure rotary seal/bearing section, an intensifier and a gas separator. Commingled nitrogen and water are separated into two streams in the gas separator. The water stream is pressurized to 3 times the inlet pressure by the downhole intensifier and discharged through nozzles in the drilling head. The energy in the gas-rich stream is used to power the intensifier. Gas-rich exhaust from the intensifier is conducted to the nozzle head where it is used to shroud the jets, increasing their effective range. The prototype BHA was tested at operational pressures and flows in a test chamber and on the end of conventional coiled tubing in a test well. During instrumented runs at downhole conditions, the BHA developed downhole differential pressures of 74 MPa (11,000 psi, median) and 90 MPa (13,000 psi, peaks). The median output differential pressure was nearly 3 times the input differential pressure available from the coiled tubing. In a chamber test, the BHA delivered up to 50 kW (67 hhp) hydraulic power. The tool drilled uncertified class-G cement samples cast into casing at a rate of 0.04 to 0.17 m/min (8 to 33 ft/hr), within the range projected for this tool but slower than a conventional PDM. While the tool met most of the performance goals, reliability requires further improvement. It will be difficult for this tool, as currently configured, to compete with conventional positive displacement downhole motors for most coil tubing drill applications. Mechanical cutters on the rotating nozzle head would improve cutting. This tool can be easily adapted for well descaling operations. A variant of the Microhole jet drilling gas separator was further developed for use with positive displacement downhole motors (PDM) operating on commingled nitrogen and water. A fit-for-purpose motor gas separator was designed and yard tested within the Microhole program. Four commercial units of that design are currently involved in a 10-well field demonstration with Baker Oil Tools in Wyoming. Initial results indicate that the motor gas separators provide significant benefit.

Ken Theimer; Jack Kolle

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

120

Relaxation of spheromak configurations with open flux  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The relaxation of several kink unstable equilibria with open flux representative of spheromaks sustained by dc helicity injection is studied by means of three-dimensional resistivemagnetohydrodynamic simulations. No external driving is applied but the initial conditions are chosen to reproduce the current profiles existing in a gun driven spheromak which has a high current density in the open flux region and a low current density in the closed flux region. The growth and nonlinear saturation of various unstable modes the dynamo action which converts toroidal flux into poloidal flux and the evolution of the ? profile ( ? = ? 0 J ? B / B 2 ) are studied. An initial condition is found which results in a dynamo that produces enough poloidal flux to compensate the resistive losses occurred during a characteristic time of the instability. The flux amplification factor around which this case oscillates is consistent with existing experimental data. During the relaxation the central open flux tube develops a helical distortion and the closed flux surfaces are destroyed. After the relaxation event close flux surfaces form again but the final profiles are not fully relaxed and the central open flux tube remains distorted. The effect of the Lundquist number on the evolution and its impact on the required level of fluctuations are evaluated. Finally the dynamics of the system for different current levels in the open flux region is studied.

Pablo Luis García-Martínez; Ricardo Farengo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Power Tube Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Tube Inc Power Tube Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Power Tube Inc Place Houston, Texas Zip 77060 Sector Geothermal energy Product Texan geothermal systems developer. Has developed a new range of geothermal heat exchangers from biodegradable materials. Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

122

Alternate Materials for Recovery Boiler Superheater Tubes  

SciTech Connect

The ever escalating demands for increased efficiency of all types of boilers would most sensibly be realized by an increase in the steam parameters of temperature and pressure. However, materials and corrosion limitations in the steam generating components, particularly the superheater tubes, present major obstacles to boiler designers in achieving systems that can operate under the more severe conditions. This paper will address the issues associated with superheater tube selection for many types of boilers; particularly chemical recovery boilers, but also addressing the similarities in issues for biomass and coal fired boilers. It will also review our recent study of materials for recovery boiler superheaters. Additional, more extensive studies, both laboratory and field, are needed to gain a better understanding of the variables that affect superheater tube corrosion and to better determine the best means to control this corrosion to ultimately permit operation of recovery boilers at higher temperatures and pressures.

Keiser, James R [ORNL; Kish, Joseph [McMaster University; Singbeil, Douglas [FPInnovations

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Biaxial creep behavior of textured zircaloy tubing  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on zirconium alloys which are commonly used in light-water reactors as thin-walled tubing to clad highly radioactive fuel. The tubes experience varied stresses at high temperatures while being exposed to high-neutron radiation, resulting in thermal creep and radiation growth and creep. However, the dimensional stability of these materials is important to preventing leakage of fission gases and contamination of the coolant water. Predicting the dimensional changes of the thin-walled tubes is further complicated by the anisotropic nature of the hexagonal close-packaged metals. This article summarizes the procedures used in the texture analyses and crystal plasticity in developing model equations to predict the dimensional changes of Zircaloy fuel cladding, both out-of-pile and in-reactor. These methodologies can be extended to the life prediction of these important structures in nuclear reactors.

Murty, L.K. (North Carolina State Univ., NC (US))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Digital radiographic systems detect boiler tube cracks  

SciTech Connect

Boiler water wall leaks have been a major cause of steam plant forced outages. But conventional nondestructive evaluation techniques have a poor track record of detecting corrosion fatigue cracking on the inside surface of the cold side of waterwall tubing. EPRI is performing field trials of a prototype direct-digital radiographic system that promises to be a game changer. 8 figs.

Walker, S. [EPRI, Charlotte, NC (United States)

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

125

Stress-Assisted Corrosion in Boiler Tubes  

SciTech Connect

A number of industrial boilers, including in the pulp and paper industry, needed to replace their lower furnace tubes or decommission many recovery boilers due to stress-assisted corrosion (SAC) on the waterside of boiler tubes. More than half of the power and recovery boilers that have been inspected reveal SAC damage, which portends significant energy and economic impacts. The goal of this project was to clarify the mechanism of stress-assisted corrosion (SAC) of boiler tubes for the purpose of determining key parameters in its mitigation and control. To accomplish this in-situ strain measurements on boiler tubes were made. Boiler water environment was simulated in the laboratory and effects of water chemistry on SAC initiation and growth were evaluated in terms of industrial operations. Results from this project have shown that the dissolved oxygen is single most important factor in SAC initiation on carbon steel samples. Control of dissolved oxygen can be used to mitigate SAC in industrial boilers. Results have also shown that sharp corrosion fatigue and bulbous SAC cracks have similar mechanism but the morphology is different due to availability of oxygen during boiler shutdown conditions. Results are described in the final technical report.

Preet M Singh; Steven J Pawel

2006-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

126

Remote Opening and Sealing of Metal Tubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

``One?shot'' methods of opening and sealing metal tubes are described. These methods were developed for taking high altitude atmospheric samples in metal bottles carried aloft by rockets and are performed by pyrotechnic means. The sealing is done by cold welding.

L. T. Loh; H. W. Neill; M. H. Nichols; E. A. Wenzel

1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

"Fine grain Nb tube for SRF cavities"  

SciTech Connect

Superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities used in charged particle linear accelerators, are currently fabricated by deep drawing niobium sheets and welding the drawn dishes together. The Nb sheet has a non-uniform microstructure, which leads to unpredictable cavity shape and surface roughness, and inconsistent "spring-back" during forming. In addition, weld zones cause hot spots during cavity operation. These factors limit linear accelerator performance and increase cavity manufacturing cost. Equal channel angular extrusion (ECAE) can be used to refine and homogenize the microstructure of Nb tube for subsequent hydroforming into SRF cavities. Careful selection of deformation and heat treatment conditions during the processing steps can give a uniform and consistent microstructure in the tube, leading to improved deformability and lower manufacturing costs. Favorable microstructures were achieved in short test samples of RRR Nb tube, which may be particularly suitable for hydroforming into SRF cavity strings. The approach demonstrated could be applicable to microstructure engineering of other tube materials including tantalum, titanium, and zirconium.

Robert E. Barber

2012-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

128

Surveillance Guide - CMS 3.1 Configuration Management Implementation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CONFIGURATION MANAGEMENT IMPLEMENTATION CONFIGURATION MANAGEMENT IMPLEMENTATION 1.0 Objective The objective of this surveillance is to verify implementation of configuration management requirements. These surveillance activities provide a basis for evaluating the effectiveness of the contractor's program for implementation and control of configuration management and for establishing compliance with DOE requirements. References 2.1 DOE 430.1, Life Cycle Project Management 2.2 DOE-STD-1073-93, Guide for Operational Configuration Management 3.0 Requirements Implemented This surveillance is conducted to implement requirements of the Functions, Responsiblities and Authorities Manual (FRAM), Section 2, Configuration Management, FRAM #s 3 and 4. These requirements are

129

Category:Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations page? For detailed information on Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations as exploration techniques, click here. Category:Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations Add.png Add a new Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations Technique Pages in category "Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total.

130

Kinetic Stability of the Field Reversed Configuration  

SciTech Connect

New computational results are presented which advance the understanding of the stability properties of the Field-Reversed Configuration (FRC). The FRC is an innovative confinement approach that offers a unique fusion reactor potential because of its compact and simple geometry, translation properties, and high plasma beta. One of the most important issues is FRC stability with respect to low-n (toroidal mode number) MHD modes. There is a clear discrepancy between the predictions of standard MHD theory that many modes should be unstable on the MHD time scale, and the observed macroscopic resilience of FRCs in experiments.

E.V. Belova; R.C. Davidson; H. Ji; and M. Yamada

2002-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

131

Condensation in horizontal heat exchanger tubes  

SciTech Connect

Many innovative reactor concepts for Generation III nuclear power plants use passive safety equipment for residual heat removal. These systems use two phase natural circulation. Heat transfer to the coolant results in a density difference providing the driving head for the required mass flow. By balancing the pressure drop the system finds its operational mode. Therefore the systems depend on a strong link between heat transfer and pressure drop determining the mass flow through the system. In order to be able to analyze these kind of systems with the help of state of the art computer codes the implemented numerical models for heat transfer, pressure drop or two phase flow structure must be able to predict the system performance in a wide parameter range. Goal of the program is to optimize the numerical models and therefore the performance of computer codes analyzing passive systems. Within the project the heat transfer capacity of a heat exchanger tube will be investigated. Therefore the tube will be equipped with detectors, both temperature and pressure, in several directions perpendicular to the tube axis to be able to resolve the angular heat transfer. In parallel the flow structure of a two phase flow inside and along the tube will be detected with the help of x-ray tomography. The water cooling outside of the tube will be realized by forced convection. It will be possible to combine the flow structure measurement with an angular resolved heat transfer for a wide parameter range. The test rig is set up at the TOPLFOW facility at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), so that it will be possible to vary the pressure between 5 and 70 bar. The steam mass content will be varied between 0 and 100 percent. The results will be compared to the large scaled Emergency Condenser Tests performed at the INKA test facility in Karlstein (Germany). The paper will explain the test setup and the status of the project will be presented. (authors)

Leyer, S.; Zacharias, T.; Maisberger, F.; Lamm, M. [AREVA NP GmbH, Paul-Gossen-Strasse 100, Erlangen, 91052 (Germany); Vallee, C.; Beyer, M.; Hampel, U. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V., Bautzner Landstrasse 400, Dresden, 01328 (Germany)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Characterization of Friction Stir Welded Tubes by Means of Tube Bulge Test  

SciTech Connect

Mechanical properties of friction stir welded joints are generally evaluated by means of conventional tensile test. This testing method might provide insufficient information because maximum strain obtained in tensile test before necking is small; moreover, the application of tensile test is limited when the joint path is not linear or even when the welds are executed on curved surfaces. Therefore, in some cases, it would be preferable to obtain the joints properties from other testing methods. Tube bulge test can be a valid solution for testing circumferential or longitudinal welds executed on tubular workpieces. The present work investigates the mechanical properties and the formability of friction stir welded tubes by means of tube bulge tests. The experimental campaign was performed on tubular specimens having a thickness of 3 mm and an external diameter of 40 mm, obtained starting from two semi-tubes longitudinally friction stir welded. The first step, regarding the fabrication of tubes, was performed combining a conventional forming process and friction stir welding. Sheets in Al-Mg-Si-Cu alloy AA6060 T6 were adopted for this purpose. Plates having a dimension of 225x60 mm were bent (with a bending axis parallel to the main dimension) in order to obtain semi-tubes. A particular care was devoted to the fabrication of forming devices (punch and die) in order to minimize the springback effects. Semi-tubes were then friction stir welded by means of a CNC machine tool. Some preliminary tests were carried out by varying the welding parameters, namely feed rate and rotational speed. A very simple tool having flat shoulder and cylindrical pin was used. The second step of the research was based on testing the welded tubes by means of tube bulge test. A specific equipment having axial actuators with a conical shape was adopted for this study. Some analyses were carried out on the tubes bulged up to a certain pressure level. In particular, the burst pressure and the wall thickness were measured for each tested tube.

D'Urso, G.; Longo, M.; Giardini, C. [University of Bergamo-Dept. of Design and Technologies-Italy-Viale Marconi 5, 24044 Dalmine (Italy)

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

133

Nuclear molecular configurations in heavy ion collisions  

SciTech Connect

The possibilities of nuclear molecular configurations in symmetric and asymmetric heavy ion collisions are investigated by choosing a proper parametrization for the molecule-like compound state. We treat the nucleus as a rotating liquid drop in terms of the elliptic lemniscatoid parametrization suggested by Royer and Remaud which describes all deformed shapes that occur during the process of fusion of two nuclei, starting from two touching spheres to a single one with the intermediate formation of a deep neck. Only one parameter ({ital s} for the symmetric and {ital s}{sub 1} for the conditional asymmetric case) is needed to define all the shapes encountered in the process. The shape has a neck as long as {ital s} or {ital s}{sub 1} is less than 1/ {radical}2 . In this parametrization, analytical expressions can be obtained for volume, surface, and moment of inertia while the Coulomb energy has to be evaluated numerically. The total energy of the system is calculated as a function of the parameter {ital s} or {ital s}{sub 1}, for various spins and if the stable shape corresponding to minimum energy is one with a neck, then it is concluded that the molecular configuration is possible. Our model yields results which are in good agreement with the experimental findings.

Shanmugam, G.; Padmini, M.D. (Department of Physics, Presidency College, Madras 600005, India (IN))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Horizontal Beam Tubes - HFIR Technical Parameters | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Horizontal Beam Tubes Horizontal Beam Tubes The reactor has four horizontal beam tubes that supply the neutrons to the neutron scattering instruments. Details for each beam tube and instrument can be found on the HFIR instrument page. Each of the beam tubes that supply these instruments with neutrons is described subsequently. HB-1 and HB-3 The HB-1 and HB-3 thermal neutron beam tube designs are identical except for the length. Both are situated tangential to the reactor core so that the tubes point at reflector material and do not point directly at the fuel. An internal collimator is installed at the outboard end. This collimator is fabricated out of carbon steel and is plated with nickel. The collimator provides a 2.75-in by 5.5-in. rectangular aperture. A rotary shutter is located outboard of each of these beam tubes. The

135

Refrigerant forced-convection condensation inside horizontal tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Condensing heat transfer rates inside a horizontal tube were investigated -for large quality changes across the tube. The proposed correlation is a modification of the work of Rohsenow, Webber and Ling [29]. The result of ...

Bae, Soonhoon

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Corrosion Failure of an In-service Economizer Tube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This investigation was primarily aimed to examine the in-service failure of an economizer tube. Apart from preliminary visual examination, ... thickness hole in the weld region of the economizer tube. This water ...

H. Roy; P. Sharma; D. Ghosh; A. K. Shukla

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Delayed hydride cracking behavior for ZIRCALOY-2 tubing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The delayed hydride cracking (DHC) behavior for ZIRCALOY-2 tubing was characterized at temperatures ranging from 93 °C to 288 °C. Testing was performed on the three types of pressure tubes that were used in th...

F. H. Huang; W. J. Mills

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Robot self-configuration using a physical test harness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robot control software packages require a configuration step prior to use. The configuration requires that robot parameters such as the dimensions of the robot, the radius of its wheels, and the location of sensors in body ...

Castro, Javier Alejandro

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Providing Configuration Management Support in Software Engineering Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Providing Configuration Management Support in Software Engineering Environments Jun Han Peninsula development project. A software engineering environment should not only pro- vide support for software engineering environments and demonstrate how configuration management can be achieved in such en- vironments

Han, Jun

140

A New Method for Optimal Configuration of Weapon System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper put forward a new method for Optimal Configuration of Weapon System (OCWS). It combines PROMETHEE II...

Dechao Zhou; Shiyan Sun; Qiang Wang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

A COMPUTATIONAL STUDY OF SUBSONIC FLOWFIELDS OVER A MISSILE CONFIGURATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A COMPUTATIONAL STUDY OF SUBSONIC FLOWFIELDS OVER A MISSILE CONFIGURATION I.H.Tuncer \\Lambda , M a missile configuration are computed at high angles of attack ranging from 15 ffi to 60 ffi using the NASA in the higher incidence range. INTRODUCTION The flow over a full missile configuration with ca­ nards and tails

Tuncer, Ismail H.

142

Semantic Web-Based Management of Routing Configurations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Today, network operators typically reason about network behaviour by observing the effects of a particular configuration in operation. This configuration process typically involves logging configuration changes and rolling back to a previous version ... Keywords: BGP, Conflict detection, Network management, Policy languages, Routing policy, Semantic web

Félix J. García Clemente; Jose M. Alcaraz Calero; Jorge Bernal Bernabé; Juan Manuel Marín Pérez; Gregorio Martínez Pérez; Antonio F. Gómez Skarmeta

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Yield prediction for seamless tubing processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tubing process 1 Introduction Pipe products made from carbon and alloy steel are commonly used in oil and natural gas exploration and production, fluid transmission, and the construction indus- try. A market an increasing demand for seamless tubing for gas and oil production [1]. Steel tubes are made by several

Huang, Samuel H.

144

Instability characteristics of fluidelastic instability of tube rows in crossflow  

SciTech Connect

An experimental study is reported to investigate the jump phenomenon in critical flow velocities for tube rows with different pitch-to-diameter ratios and the excited and intrinsic instabilities for a tube row with a pitch-to-diameter ratio of 1.75. The experimental data provide additional insights into the instability phenomena of tube arrays in crossflow. 9 refs., 10 figs.

Chen, S.S.; Jendrzejczyk, J.A.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

ACCELERATOR TUBES H. R. McK. HYDER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACCELERATOR TUBES H. R. McK. HYDER Nuclear Physics Laboratory, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RH The characteristics and performance of accelerator tubes required by the new generation of large tandem accelerators conclusions are drawn about future progress and developments. ACCELERATOR TUBES AND INSULATORS. 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

146

Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2010 Wellbore Coil Tubing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PENNSTATE Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2010 Wellbore Coil Tubing Overview In BP reaching the bottom of the wellbore utilizing a pre- loaded constant force spring. The coiled tubing's North American Gas Division, there are approximately 800 wellbores with coiled tubing installed

Demirel, Melik C.

147

Finned Tube With Vortex Generators For A Heat Exchanger.  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for and method of manufacturing a finned tube for a heat exchanger is disclosed herein. A continuous fin strip is provided with at least one pair of vortex generators. A tube is rotated and linearly displaced while the continuous fin strip with vortex generators is spirally wrapped around the tube.

Sohal, Monohar S. (Idaho Falls, ID); O'Brien, James E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

148

Competing quasiparticle configurations in {sup 163}W  

SciTech Connect

Excited states in the neutron-deficient nuclide {sup 163}W were investigated using the {sup 106}Cd({sup 60}Ni,2pn){sup 163}W reaction at a beam energy of 270 MeV. The level scheme for {sup 163}W was extended significantly with the observation of five new band structures. The yrast band based on a 13/2{sup +} isomeric state is extended up to (57/2{sup +}). Two band structures were established on the 7/2{sup -} ground state. Quasiparticle configuration assignments for the new band structures were made on the basis of cranked Woods-Saxon shell-model calculations. The results reported in this article suggest that the negative-parity nu(f{sub 7/2},h{sub 9/2}) orbitals are responsible for the first rotational alignment in the yrast band.

Thomson, J.; Joss, D. T.; Paul, E. S.; Bianco, L.; Darby, I. G.; Grahn, T.; Page, R. D.; Pakarinen, J.; Sapple, P. J. [Oliver Lodge Laboratory, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 7ZE (United Kingdom); Scholey, C.; Eeckhaudt, S.; Greenlees, P. T.; Jones, P.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Ketelhut, S.; Leino, M.; Nyman, M.; Rahkila, P.; Saren, J. [Department of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae, FI-40014 Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

149

Generator configuration for solid oxide fuel cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are improvements in a solid oxide fuel cell generator 1 having a multiplicity of electrically connected solid oxide fuel cells 2, where a fuel gas is passed over one side of said cells and an oxygen-containing gas is passed over the other side of said cells resulting in the generation of heat and electricity. The improvements comprise arranging the cells in the configuration of a circle, a spiral, or folded rows within a cylindrical generator, and modifying the flow rate, oxygen concentration, and/or temperature of the oxygen-containing gases that flow to those cells that are at the periphery of the generator relative to those cells that are at the center of the generator. In these ways, a more uniform temperature is obtained throughout the generator.

Reichner, Philip (Plum Boro, PA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Source Terms for HFIR Beam Tube Shielding Analyses, and a Complete Shielding Analysis of the HB-3 Tube  

SciTech Connect

The High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is in the midst of a massive upgrade program to enhance experimental facilities. The reactor presently has four horizontal experimental beam tubes, all of which will be replaced or redesigned. The HB-2 beam tube will be enlarged to support more guide tubes, while the HB-4 beam tube will soon include a cold neutron source.

Bucholz, J.A.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Fast electron bremsstrahlung in axisymmetric magnetic configuration  

SciTech Connect

The nonthermal bremsstrahlung is calculated in a plasma with arbitrary axisymmetric magnetic configuration, taking into account the relativistic angular anisotropy of the radiation cross section at high photon energies, the helical winding of the field lines on the magnetic flux surfaces, and the poloidal variation of the electron distribution function including particle trapping effects. The fast electron dynamics during current drive in tokamaks and reverse field pinches can be investigated in detail by coupling this calculation to a bounce-averaged relativistic Fokker-Planck solver, which calculates the electron distribution function. The asymmetry between high- and low-field side hard x-ray emission intensity that has been measured on the Tore-Supra tokamak [Equipe TORE SUPRA, in Proceedings of the 15th Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, Seville (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1995) Vol. 1, IAEA-CN-60/A1-5 (Institute of Physics, Bristol, U.K., 1995), p. 105] is explained for the first time by the role of trapped electrons. A much stronger poloidal asymmetry is predicted for the line-integrated fast electron bremsstrahlung in the poloidal plane of the Madison Symmetric Torus [R. N. Dexter et al., Fusion Tech. 19, 131 (1991)], since the helical winding of the magnetic field lines is much larger for a reverse field pinch configuration. In this case, the hard x-ray emission is no longer a flux surface quantity, which prevents local reconstructions using a standard Abel inversion, whatever the geometrical arrangement of the lines of sight.

Peysson, Y.; Decker, J. [Association Euratom-CEA, CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

152

Helium-filled aluminum flight tubes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Helium-filled aluminum flight tubes. Helium-filled aluminum flight tubes. Detector housing for the CCD camera lens, mirror, and scintillator. For more information, contact Instrument Scientist: Hassina Bilheux, bilheuxhn@ornl.gov, 865.384.9630 neutrons.ornl.gov/instruments/HFIR/factsheets/Instrument-cg1d.pdf The CG-1D beam is used for neutron imaging measurements using a white beam. Apertures (with different diameters D (pinhole geometry) are used at the entrance of the helium-filled flight path to allow L/D variation from 400 to 800. L is the distance between the aperture and the detector (where the image is produced). Samples sit on a translation/ rotation stage for alignment and tomography purposes. Detectors for CG-1D include

153

Color Magnetic Flux Tubes in Dense QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QCD is expected to be in the color-flavor locking phase in high baryon density, which exhibits color superconductivity. The most fundamental topological objects in the color superconductor are non-Abelian vortices which are topologically stable color magnetic flux tubes. We present numerical solutions of the color magnetic flux tube for diverse choices of the coupling constants. We also analytically study its asymptotic profiles and find that they are different from the case of usual superconductors. We propose the width of color magnetic fluxes and find that it is larger than naive expectation of the Compton wave length of the massive gluon when the gluon mass is larger than the scalar mass.

Minoru Eto; Muneto Nitta

2009-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

154

Color magnetic flux tubes in dense QCD  

SciTech Connect

QCD is expected to be in the color-flavor locking phase in high baryon density, which exhibits color superconductivity. The most fundamental topological objects in the color superconductor are non-Abelian vortices which are topologically stable color magnetic flux tubes. We present numerical solutions of the color magnetic flux tube for diverse choices of the coupling constants based on the Ginzburg-Landau Lagrangian. We also analytically study its asymptotic profiles and find that they are different from the case of usual superconductors. We propose the width of color magnetic fluxes and find that it is larger than naive expectation of the Compton wavelength of the massive gluon when the gluon mass is larger than the scalar mass.

Eto, Minoru [Theoretical Physics Laboratory, RIKEN, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Nitta, Muneto [Department of Physics, and Research and Education Center for Natural Sciences, Keio University, 4-1-1 Hiyoshi, Yokohama, Kanagawa 223-8521 (Japan)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

Stable sonoluminescence within a water hammer tube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The sonoluminescence (SL) from the collapse of a single gas bubble within a liquid can be produced repetitively using an acoustic resonator. An alternative technique using a water hammer tube, producing SL from bubbles of greater size, is described here. A sealed vertical tube partly filled with a liquid and a gas at low pressure is subjected to vertical vibrations. The oscillation of the pressure within the liquid column, due to inertial forces, excites cavitation bubbles to grow and collapse. Rotation is used to confine the bubbles to the axis of the tube. Bright SL emissions were observed in a number of liquids. Repetitive emission was produced from bubbles in condensed phosphoric acid. Bubbles of 0.4mm ambient radius (containing 2×1014 xenon atoms) were excited by vibration at 35Hz. Approximately 1012 photons were emitted per collapse in the range 400–700nm (over four orders of magnitude greater than the brightest SL reported previously), corresponding to a 1% efficiency of the conversion of mechanical energy into light.

Avik Chakravarty; Theo Georghiou; Tacye E. Phillipson; Alan J. Walton

2004-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

156

Segmented lasing tube for high temperature laser assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature laser assembly capable of withstanding operating temperatures in excess of 1500.degree. C. is described comprising a segmented cylindrical ceramic lasing tube having a plurality of cylindrical ceramic lasing tube segments of the same inner and outer diameters non-rigidly joined together in axial alignment; insulation of uniform thickness surround the walls of the ceramic lasing tube; a ceramic casing, preferably of quartz, surrounding the insulation; and a fluid cooled metal jacket surrounds the ceramic casing. In a preferred embodiment, the inner surface of each of the ceramic lasing tube segments are provided with a pair of oppositely spaced grooves in the wall thereof parallel to the center axis of the segmented cylindrical ceramic lasing tube, and both of the grooves and the center axis of the segmented cylindrical ceramic lasing tube lie in a common plane, with the grooves in each ceramic lasing tube segment in circumferential alignment with the grooves in the adjoining ceramic lasing tube segments; and one or more ceramic plates, all lying in a common plane to one another and with the central axis of the segmented ceramic lasing tube, are received in the grooves to provide additional wall area in the segmented ceramic lasing tube for collision and return to ground state of metastable metal atoms within the segmented ceramic lasing tube.

Sawicki, Richard H. (Danville, CA); Alger, Terry W. (Tracy, CA); Finucane, Raymond G. (Pleasanton, CA); Hall, Jerome P. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Guided wave acoustic monitoring of corrosion in recovery boiler tubing  

SciTech Connect

Corrosion of tubing used in black-liquor recovery boilers is a major concern in all pulp and paper mills. Extensive corrosion in recovery boiler tubes can result in a significant safety and environmental hazard. Considerable plant resources are expended to inspect recovery boiler tubing. Currently, visual and ultrasonic inspections are primarily used during the annual maintenance shutdown to monitor corrosion rates and cracking of tubing. This Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technologies project is developing guided acoustic waves for use on recovery boiler tubing. The feature of this acoustic technique is its cost-effectiveness in inspecting long lengths of tubes from a single inspection point. A piezoelectric or electromagnetic transducer induces guided waves into the tubes. The transducer detects fireside defects from the coldside or fireside of the tube. Cracking and thinning on recovery boiler tubes have been detected with this technique in both laboratory and field applications. This technique appears very promising for recovery boiler tube application, potentially expediting annual inspection of tube integrity.

Quarry, M J; Chinn, D J

2004-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

158

Single-tube thermal and hydraulic tube support test. Volume 2. Appendixes. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The work described in this report (volumes 1 and 2) was an experimental project to measure the inception and extent of dryout or liquid deficient heat transfer and chemical precipitation in presently used steam generator tube-tube support geometries and modified geometries. Since chemical precipitation or concentration may lead to corrosion, this program was planned to find the dependence of dryout and chemical precipitation on geometry, heat flux and fluid conditions. It was found that dryout depended principally on tube support geometry and heat flux. There was little dependence on flow rate, quality and pressure. It was found that certain tube support geometries could produce local dryout which in turn could permit significant chemical concentration. Chemical concentration was not found in the tube support geometries not exhibiting dryout. The interrelationship between the heat and mass transfer processes in the crevices was further demonstrated by comparing the results of an analytic model for predicting the shape of the liquid-vapor interface to the outline of a precipitate pattern resulting from chemical concentration.

Curlee, N.J. Jr.; Baum, A.J.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Single-tube thermal and hydraulic tube support test. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The work described in this report (volumes 1 and 2) was an experimental project to measure the inception and extent of dryout or liquid deficient heat transfer and chemical precipitation in presently used steam generator tube-tube support geometries and modified geometries. Since chemical precipitation or concentration may lead to corrosion this program was planned to find the dependence of dryout and chemical precipitation on geometry, heat flux and fluid conditions. It was found that dryout depended principally on tube support geometry and heat flux. There was little dependence on flow rate, quality and pressure. It was found that certain tube support geometries could produce local dryout which in turn could permit significant chemical concentration. Chemical concentration was not found in tube support geometries not exhibiting dryout. The interrelationship between the heat and mass transfer processes in the crevices was further demonstrated by comparing the results of an analytic model for predicting the shape of the liquid vapor interface to the outline of a precipitate pattern resulting from chemical concentration.

Curlee, N.J. Jr.; Baum, A.J.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Stack configurations for tubular solid oxide fuel cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel cell unit includes an array of solid oxide fuel cell tubes having porous metallic exterior surfaces, interior fuel cell layers, and interior surfaces, each of the tubes having at least one open end; and, at least one header in operable communication with the array of solid oxide fuel cell tubes for directing a first reactive gas into contact with the porous metallic exterior surfaces and for directing a second reactive gas into contact with the interior surfaces, the header further including at least one busbar disposed in electrical contact with at least one surface selected from the group consisting of the porous metallic exterior surfaces and the interior surfaces.

Armstrong, Timothy R. (Clinton, TN); Trammell, Michael P. (Clinton, TN); Marasco, Joseph A. (Kingston, TN)

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Configuration Management Plan for the Tank Farm Contractor  

SciTech Connect

The Configuration Management Plan for the Tank Farm Contractor describes configuration management the contractor uses to manage and integrate its technical baseline with the programmatic and functional operations to perform work. The Configuration Management Plan for the Tank Farm Contractor supports the management of the project baseline by providing the mechanisms to identify, document, and control the technical characteristics of the products, processes, and structures, systems, and components (SSC). This plan is one of the tools used to identify and provide controls for the technical baseline of the Tank Farm Contractor (TFC). The configuration management plan is listed in the management process documents for TFC as depicted in Attachment 1, TFC Document Structure. The configuration management plan is an integrated approach for control of technical, schedule, cost, and administrative processes necessary to manage the mission of the TFC. Configuration management encompasses the five functional elements of: (1) configuration management administration, (2) configuration identification, (3) configuration status accounting, (4) change control, and (5 ) configuration management assessments.

WEIR, W.R.

2000-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

162

Global Stability of the Field Reversed Configuration  

SciTech Connect

New computational results are presented which provide a theoretical basis for the stability of the Field Reversed Configuration (FRC). The FRC is a compact toroid with negligible toroidal field in which the plasma is confined by a poloidal magnetic field associated with toroidal diamagnetic current. Although many MHD modes are predicted to be unstable, FRCs have been produced successfully by several formation techniques and show surprising macroscopic resilience. In order to understand this discrepancy, we have developed a new 3D nonlinear hybrid code (kinetic ions and fluid electrons), M3D-B, which is used to study the role of kinetic effects on the n = 1 tilt and higher n modes in the FRC. Our simulations show that there is a reduction in the tilt mode growth rate in the kinetic regime, but no absolute stabilization has been found for s bar less than or approximately equal to 1, where s bar is the approximate number of ion gyroradii between the field null and the separatrix. However, at low values of s bar, the instabilities saturate nonlinearly through a combination of a lengthening of the initial equilibrium and a modification of the ion distribution function. These saturated states persist for many Alfven times, maintaining field reversal.

E.V. Belova; S.C. Jardin; H. Ji; R.M. Kulsrud; W. Park; M. Yamada

2000-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

Blank fire configuration for automatic pistol  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pistol configured to fire blank cartridges includes a modified barrel with a breech portion connected to an aligned inner sleeve. Around the inner sleeve, there is disposed an outer sleeve having a vent therein through which the cartridge discharges. The breech portion is connected to a barrel anchor to move backward in a slight arc when the pistol is fired. A spring retention rod projects from the barrel anchor and receives a shortened recoil spring therearound which recoil spring has one end abutting a stop on the barrel anchor and the other end in abutment with the end of a spring retaining cup. The spring retaining cup is engaged by a flange projecting from a slide so that when the pistol is fired, the slide moves rearwardly against the compression of the spring to eject the spent cartridge and then moves forwardly under the urging of the spring to load a fresh cartridge into the breech portion. The spring then returns all of the slidable elements to their initial position so that the pistol may again be fired.

Teague, Tommy L. (Albuquerque, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

SAPHIRE 8 Software Configuration Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The INL software developers use version control for both the formally released SAPHIRE versions, as well as for source code. For each formal release of the software, the developers perform an acceptance test: the software must pass a suite of automated tests prior to official release. Each official release of SAPHIRE is assigned a unique version identifier. The release is bundled into a standard installation package for easy and consistent set-up by individual users. Included in the release is a list of bug fixes and new features for the current release, as well as a history of those items for past releases. Each formal release of SAPHIRE will have passed an acceptance test. In addition to assignment of a unique version identifier for an official software release, each source code file is kept in a controlled library. Source code is a collection of all the computer instructions written by developers to create the finished product. The library is kept on a server, where back-ups are regularly made. This document describes the configuration management approach used as part of the SAPHIRE development.

Curtis Smith

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Operating results of the advanced ceramic tube filter (ACTF) at Wakamatus 71 MW PFBC demonstration plant  

SciTech Connect

The ACTF installed at the 71 MWe pressurized fluidized bed combustion (PFBC) demonstration plant at Wakamatsu Power Station of Electric Power Development Co., Ltd. is featured by inside to outside gas flow configuration with vertically arranged tubes in three compartments. This unique configuration offers advantages in the gas cleaning system for high-temperature and high-pressure applications of commercial scale. During Phase-1 demonstration program in Wakamatsu completed in December 1997, the ACTF showed the outstanding performance in terms of dust removal efficiency, pressure drop stability and reliability. The accumulated operating time of the ACTF in Phase-1 reached more than 6,000 hours and the continuous operating time record for 785 hours has been established. The successful results of ACTF and PFBC in Phase-1 lead to a two-year extension of the demonstration program (Phase-2). In Phase-2, it is aimed to demonstrate the further reliability and the possibility of cost reduction of the ACTF. The modified configuration of the boiler in Phase-2 (elimination of the existing pre-cleaning cyclones, etc.) magnifies the inlet dust loading at the ACTF and it calls for modifications in the ACTF to make it feasible with inlet gas with much higher dust loading. The modification works are under way and will continue until July 1998. The test operation is planned to resume in August 1998. This paper reviews the operating results of the ACTF during Wakamatsu demonstration test Phase-1 and gives brief description of the Phase-2 program.

Toriyama, Akira; Higashi, Katsumi; Maeno, Hiroshi; Saito, Tsunehiro; Mori, Mineo; Hori, Junji; Tsuji, Yasujiro

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Effects of grids in drift tubes  

SciTech Connect

In 2011, we upgraded a 201 MHz buncher in the proton injector for the alternating gradient synchrotron (AGS) - relativistic heavy ion collider (RHIC) complex. In the buncher we installed four grids made of tungsten to improve the transit time factor. The grid installed drift tubes have 32 mm of inner diameter and the each grid consists of four quadrants. The quadrants were cut out precisely from 1mm thick tungsten plates by a computerized numerically controlled (CNC) wire cutting electrical discharge machining (EDM). The 3D electric field of the grid was simulated.

Okamura M.; Yamauchi, H.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

167

Drift Tube Linac Conditioning of Tank1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tank1 of the Drift Tube Linac (DTL) of the Linac4 has been conditioned at the Linac4 tunnel. The tank was tuned for resonance at 352.2 MHz, and stable operation has been achieved with 725 µs long RF pulses at a repetition rate of 1 Hz. The maximum RF level that has been reached is 810 kW with a pulse width of 600 µs. Since this was the first RF structure exclusively conditioned in the Linac4 tunnel with the operation and control software of Linac4, some related issues and limitations had to be taken into account.

Shafqat, N; Toor, W A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Sound Coiled-Tubing Drilling Practices  

SciTech Connect

This Coiled-Tubing Drilling (CTD) Sound Practices Manual provides tools needed by CTD engineers and supervisors to plan, design and perform safe, successful CTD operations. As emphasized throughout, both careful planning and attention to detail are mandatory for success. A bibliography of many useful CTD references is presented in Chapter 6. This manual is organized according to three processes: 1) Pre-Job Planning Process, 2) Operations Execution Process, and 3) Post-Job Review Process. Each is discussed in a logical and sequential format.

Williams, Thomas; Deskins, Greg (Maurer Technology Inc.); Ward, Stephen L. (Advantage Energy Services Ltd); Hightower, Mel

2001-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

169

CRAD, Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory Weapons  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory Weapons Facility CRAD, Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory Weapons Facility April 2004 A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Configuration Management program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Weapons Facility. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory Weapons Facility More Documents & Publications CRAD, Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST

170

V-036: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Database Authentication  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Database 6: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Database Authentication Bypass Vulnerability V-036: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Database Authentication Bypass Vulnerability November 29, 2012 - 3:30am Addthis PROBLEM: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Database Authentication Bypass Vulnerability PLATFORM: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager (NCM) all versions prior 9.1 ABSTRACT: Two vulnerabilities were reported in EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager. REFERENCE LINKS: EMC Identifier: ESA-2012-057 Secunia Advisory SA51408 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027812 CVE-2012-4614 CVE-2012-4615 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: The systems uses a hard-coded key to encrypt authentication credentials on the target system [CVE-2012-4615]. A local user with knowledge of the key

171

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles - PHEV Modeling - Powertrain Configuration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Impact of Powertrain Configuration on Fuel Efficiency To evaluate the fuel efficiency potential of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, it is necessary to compare the advantages and drawbacks of several powertrain configurations, ranging from power split to parallel and series. PSAT offers the unique ability to simulate and compare hundreds of powertrain configurations. The goal of the effort is to define the most promising configurations depending on the particular usage. Component sizes, fuel efficiency and cost will be used to make appropriate decisions. The configurations currently being considered include, but are not limited to: Pre-transmission parallel HEV Post-transmission parallel HEV Power split HEV (including THS II and GM 2 Mode) Series The figure below shows an example comparison of three powertrain configurations (parallel, series and power split).

172

Gauge Configurations for Lattice QCD from The Gauge Connection  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Gauge Connection is an experimental archive for lattice QCD and a repository of gauge configurations made freely available to the community. Contributors to the archive include the Columbia QCDSP collaboration, the MILC collaboration, and others. Configurations are stored in QCD archive format, consisting of an ASCII header which defines various parameters, followed by binary data. NERSC has also provided some utilities and examples that will aid users in handling the data. Users may browse the archive, but are required to register for a password in order to download data. Contents of the archive are organized under four broad headings: Quenched (more than 1200 configurations); Dynamical, Zero Temperature (more than 300 configurations); MILC Improved Staggered Asqtad Lattices (more than 7000 configurations); and Dynamical, Finite Temperature (more than 1200 configurations)

173

Category:Electrical Profiling Configurations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Electrical Profiling Configurations Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the Electrical Profiling Configurations page? For detailed information on Electrical Profiling Configurations as exploration techniques, click here. Category:Electrical Profiling Configurations Add.png Add a new Electrical Profiling Configurations Technique Pages in category "Electrical Profiling Configurations" The following 3 pages are in this category, out of 3 total. D DC Resistivity Survey (Dipole-Dipole Array) DC Resistivity Survey (Mise-Á-La-Masse)

174

Configuring Workstations for use with the PARS II System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This file provides the users with instructions on how to configure the workstations to work with the Department's Project Assessment Reporting System (PARS II)

175

Input Device Selection and Interaction Configuration with ICON  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes ICON, a novel editor designed to configure a ... to actions into a graphical interactive application. ICON allows ‘power users’ to customise the...

Pierre Dragicevic; Jean-Daniel Fekete

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations At Mt Princeton Hot...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations At Mt Princeton Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Zohdy, Et Al.,...

177

A novel integrated thermally double coupled configuration for methane steam reforming, methane oxidation and dehydrogenation of propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The goal of this study is the simultaneous production of synthesis gas, hydrogen and propylene in a thermally double coupled steam reformer reactor. This reactor has three concentric tubes where the exothermic reaction of methane oxidation is supposed to occur in the middle tube and the inner and outer tubes are considered to be endothermic sides of steam reforming and propane dehydrogenation, respectively. The motivation is to combine the energy efficient concept of coupling one exothermic reaction with two endothermic reactions, enhancement of synthesis gas production, propylene and hydrogen production and also producing two different H2/CO ratio streams of syngas. A steady state homogeneous model of fixed bed for three sides predicts the performance of this new configuration. The simulation results are compared with corresponding predictions of the conventional steam reformer. The results prove that synthesis gas production is increased in a thermally double coupled reactor in comparison with conventional steam reforming. In addition, the thermally double coupled reactor reduces the capital and operating costs by reducing the reactor size and consumption of energy.

D. Karimipourfard; S. Kabiri; M.R. Rahimpour

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Coiled tubing as initial production tubing: An overview of case histories  

SciTech Connect

From Jan. 1993 through Feb. 1995 Marathon Oil Co. completed 23 newly drilled gas wells with coiled tubing as the initial production string. This paper reviews operational aspects of representative jobs, summarizes areas where improvements in equipment and technique were implemented, and addresses cost and productivity benefits of rigless completions. A summary of lessons learned is also included.

Nirider, H.L.; Snider, P.M.; Walsh, K.D.; Williams, J.D. [Marathon Oil Co., Houston, TX (United States); Cordera, J.R.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

MHK Technologies/Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Checkmate SeaEnergy Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4 Proof of Concept Technology Description Anaconda uses a large water filled distensible rubber tube floating just beneath the ocean surface and oriented parallel to wave direction As a wave passes the bulge tube is lifted with the surrounding water and this causes a bulge wave to be excited which then passes down the tubes walls gathering energy from the ocean wave as it passes By matching the speed of the bulge wave to that of the sea wave resonance is achieved and high power capture becomes possible The bulge waves are then used to drive a turbine generator located at the stern of the device

180

Stress Assisted Corrosion in Boiler Tubes - Failure Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Stress assisted corrosion (SAC) of carbon steel boiler tubes is one of the major causes of waterside failure in industrial boilers. SAC is a major concern for kraft recovery boilers in the pulp and paper industry as any water leak into the furnace can cause a smelt-water explosion in the boiler. Failed carbon steel boiler tubes from different kraft recovery boilers were examined to understand the role of carbon steel microstructure on crack initiation and SAC crack morphology. A number of carbon steel tubes showed a deep decarburized layer on the inner surface (water-touched) and also an unusually large grain size at the inner tube surface. SAC cracks were found to initiate in these areas with large-graineddecarburized microstructure. Tubes without such microstructure were also found to have SAC cracks. It was found that the decarburization and large grained microstructure may facilitate initiation and growth but is not necessary for SAC of carbon steel boiler tubes.

Singh, Preet M [Georgia Institute of Technology; Pawel, Steven J [ORNL; Yang, Dong [Georgia Institute of Technology; Mahmood, Jamshad [Georgia Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Dynamics of Magnetized Vortex Tubes in the Solar Chromosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use 3D radiative MHD simulations to investigate the formation and dynamics of small-scale (less than 0.5 Mm in diameter) vortex tubes spontaneously generated by turbulent convection in quiet-Sun regions with initially weak mean magnetic fields. The results show that the vortex tubes penetrate into the chromosphere and substantially affect the structure and dynamics of the solar atmosphere. The vortex tubes are mostly concentrated in intergranular lanes and are characterized by strong (near sonic) downflows and swirling motions that capture and twist magnetic field lines, forming magnetic flux tubes that expand with height and which attain magnetic field strengths ranging from 200 G in the chromosphere to more than 1 kG in the photosphere. We investigate in detail the physical properties of these vortex tubes, including thermodynamic properties, flow dynamics, and kinetic and current helicities, and conclude that magnetized vortex tubes provide an important path for energy and momentum transfer from the con...

Kitiashvili, I N; Mansour, N N; Wray, A A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Casimir effect in hemisphere capped tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate the vacuum densities for a massive scalar field with general curvature coupling in background of a (2+1)-dimensional spacetime corresponding to a cylindrical tube with a hemispherical cap. A complete set of mode functions is constructed and the positive-frequency Wightman function is evaluated for both the cylindrical and hemispherical subspaces. On the base of this, the vacuum expectation values of the field squared and energy-momentum tensor are investigated. The mean field squared and the normal stress are finite on the boundary separating two subspaces, whereas the energy density and the parallel stress diverge as the inverse power of the distance from the boundary. For a conformally coupled field, the vacuum energy density is negative on the cylindrical part of the space. On the hemisphere, it is negative near the top and positive close to the boundary. In the case of minimal coupling the energy density on the cup is negative. On the tube it is positive near the boundary and negative at large distances. Though the geometries of the subspaces are different, the Casimir pressures on the separate sides of the boundary are equal and the net Casimir force vanishes. The results obtained may be applied to capped carbon nanotubes described by an effective field theory in the long-wavelength approximation.

E. R. Bezerra de Mello; A. A. Saharian

2014-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

183

Local Heat Transfer for Finned-Tube Heat Exchangers using Oval Tubes  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of an experimental study of forced convection heat transfer in a narrow rectangular duct fitted with either a circular tube or an elliptical tube in crossflow. The duct was designed to simulate a single passage in a fin-tube heat exchanger. Heat transfer measurements were obtained using a transient technique in which a heated airflow is suddenly introduced to the test section. High-resolution local fin-surface temperature distributions were obtained at several times after initiation of the transient using an imaging infrared camera. Corresponding local fin-surface heat transfer coefficient distributions were then calculated from a locally applied one-dimensional semi-infinite inverse heat conduction model. Heat transfer results were obtained over an airflow rate ranging from 1.56 x 10-3 to 15.6 x 10-3 kg/s. These flow rates correspond to a duct-height Reynolds number range of 630 – 6300 with a duct height of 1.106 cm and a duct width-toheight ratio, W/H, of 11.25. The test cylinder was sized such that the diameter-to-duct height ratio, D/H is 5. The elliptical tube had an aspect ratio of 3:1 and a/H equal to 4.33. Results presented in this paper reveal visual and quantitative details of local fin-surface heat transfer distributions in the vicinity of circular and oval tubes and their relationship to the complex horseshoe vortex system that forms in the flow stagnation region. Fin surface stagnation-region Nusselt numbers are shown to be proportional to the square-root of Reynolds number.

O'Brien, James Edward; Sohal, Manohar Singh

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Experimental Study of A Solar-Powered Adsorption Cooling Tube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The operating principle of this solar cooling tube, which consists of four major components, a solar collector, an adsorbent bed, a condenser, and an evaporator all in one glass tube, is also presented. ... Inserted into the chilling water tank, the evaporator of the solar cooling tube was used to collect the refrigeration capacity produced by the evaporation of the refrigerant at night. ... The experimental setup was mounted facing south at an angle of 30° from the horizontal on a steel shelf. ...

Xiaodong Ma; Zhenyan Liu; Huizhong Zhao

2006-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

185

Residual Strain Distribution in Bent Composite Boiler Tubes  

SciTech Connect

Kraft recovery boilers are typically constructed of carbon steel boiler tubes clad with a corrosion resistant layer, and these composite tubes are bent and welded together to form air port panels which enable the combustion air to enter the boiler. In this paper, the through-thickness residual strain in the carbon steel layer of non-heat-treated and heat-treated composite bent tubes were measured by neutron diffraction techniques and modeled by finite element modeling. The results can be used to optimize material selection and manufacturing processes to prevent stress corrosion and corrosion fatigue cracking in the boiler tubes.

Hubbard, Camden R [ORNL; Gorti, Sarma B [ORNL; Tang, Fei [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Thermal Performance of a Double-Tube Type Lng Vaporizer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This report concerns the confirmed test results and method of analysis of the thermal performance of a double-tube type LNG vaporizer (DTV). The DTV is a...

Y. Miyata; T. Miura; S. Kasahara; H. Shohtani…

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Fracture analysis of HFIR beam tube caused by radiation embrittlement  

SciTech Connect

With an attempt to estimate the neutron beam tube embrittlement condition for the Oak Ridge High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), fracture mechanics calculations are carried out in this paper. The analysis provides some numerical result on how the tube has been structurally weakened. In this calculation, a lateral impact force is assumed. Numerical result is obtained on how much the critical crack size should be reduced if the beam tube has been subjected to an extended period of irradiation. It is also calculated that buckling strength of the tube is increased, not decreased, with irradiation.

Chang, S.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Research Reactors Div.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

188

Penetrameter positioner for bore-side radiography of tubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A positioner is provided for placing plaque or wire penetrameters, as used in radiographic inspection, in close proximity with the inner wall of tubing at any desired location along the tubing. The positioner head carrying the penetrameter is inflatable whereby it is positioned in tte deflated condition, inflated to place the penetrameter against a weld to be inspected in the tubing wall, and then deflated during removal. If desired, the penetrameter holder may be used to center the radiographic source on the axis of the tube.

Davis, E.V.; Foster, B.E.

1980-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

189

Failure of extruded magnesium alloy tubes during hydroforming.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Research is currently being conducted on the feasibility of hydroforming extruded magnesium tubes to integrate multiple parts into a single hydroformed section. Among other advantages,… (more)

Hiscocks, Jessica.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Analysis of composite tube cracking in recovery boiler floors  

SciTech Connect

Cracking of co-extruded (generally identified as composite) floor tubes in kraft black liquor recovery boilers was first observed in Scandinavia, but this problem has now been found in many North American boilers. In most cases, cracking in the outer 304L stainless steel has not progressed into the carbon steel, but the potential for such crack propagation is a cause of concern. A multidimensional study has been initiated to characterize the cracking seen in composite floor tubes, to measure the residual stresses resulting from composite tube fabrication, and to predict the stresses in tubes under operating conditions. The characterization studies include review of available reports and documents on composite tube cracking, metallographic examination of a substantial number of cracked tubes, and evaluation of the dislocation structure in cracked tubes. Neutron and X-ray diffraction are being used to determine the residual stresses in composite tubes from two major manufacturers, and finite element analysis is being used to predict the stresses in the tubes during normal operation and under conditions where thermal fluctuations occur.

Keiser, J.R.; Taljat, B.; Wang, X.L.; Maziasz, P.J.; Hubbard, C.R.; Swindeman, R.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Singbeil, D.L.; Prescott, R. [Pulp and Paper Research Inst. of Canada, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Energy Separation And Lox Separation Studies In Vortex Tubes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Vortex Tube (VT) is a simple device having no moving mechanical parts, in which compressed gas at high pressure is injected through one or more… (more)

Behera, Upendra

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

ARM: Surface Radiation Measurement Quality Control testing, including climatologically configurable limits  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Surface Radiation Measurement Quality Control testing, including climatologically configurable limits

Hodges, Gary; Stoffel, Tom; Kutchenreiter, Mark; Kay, Bev; Habte, Aron; Ritsche, Michael; Morris, Victor; Anderberg, Mary

193

NAVIERSTOKES ANALYSIS OF SUBSONIC FLOWFIELDS OVER A MISSILE CONFIGURATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NAVIER­STOKES ANALYSIS OF SUBSONIC FLOWFIELDS OVER A MISSILE CONFIGURATION Ismail H.Tuncer \\Lambda Canard deflection angle INTRODUCTION The flow over a full missile configuration with ca­ nards and tails on the aerodynamic characteristics of canard­controlled missiles at high angles of attack is of considerable interest

Tuncer, Ismail H.

194

A Configuration Management task ontology for semantic integration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Configuration Management (CM) is an important task for developing complex products. It is a complex task and there are many CM systems that aim to support it. However, generally, these systems work in isolation and there is a need for integrating them. ... Keywords: configuration management, semantic integration, task ontology

Rodrigo Fernandes Calhau; Ricardo de Almeida Falbo

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

EXTREMAL CONFIGURATIONS OF ROBOT ARMS IN THREE DIMENSIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXTREMAL CONFIGURATIONS OF ROBOT ARMS IN THREE DIMENSIONS DIRK SIERSMA Abstract. We define a volume function for a robot arm in R3 and give geometric conditions for its critical points. 1. Introduction configurations of planar polygonal linkages and open robot arms considered as the critical points of the oriented

Siersma, Dirk

196

An Approach to Security Policy Configuration Using Semantic Threat Graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Approach to Security Policy Configuration Using Semantic Threat Graphs Simon N. Foley, in turn, unnecessarily expose the enterprise to known threats. This paper pro- poses a threat management- nomic configuration of security mechanisms. This knowledge is mod- eled in terms of Semantic Threat

Foley, Simon

197

_ OF THE CONFIGURATION-INTERACIIO~ ENERGY --_-r ) Jack SIMONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

_ OF THE CONFIGURATION-INTERACIIO~ ENERGY - - _- r ) -_ _. Jack SIMONS Deparrment of Chemrstty. Bhndern, Oslo 3, Norway Received 26 October 1983 We derive expressions for the first through fourth denvatives of the configuration-Interaction (CI) electromc energy with respect to molecular deformation

Helgaker, Trygve

198

Magnetic reconnection configurations and particle acceleration in solar flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

types of solar flares. Upper panel: two-ribbon flares; Lower panel: compact flares. The color showsMagnetic reconnection configurations and particle acceleration in solar flares P. F. Chen, W. J space under different magnetic configurations. Key words: solar flares, magnetic reconnection, particle

Chen, P. F.

199

CRAD, Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility June 2005 A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Configuration Management program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, TA 55 SST Facility. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility More Documents & Publications CRAD, Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST

200

CRAD, Configuration Management - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Configuration Management - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Configuration Management - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor CRAD, Configuration Management - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor February 2007 A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for a February 2007 assessment of the Configuration Management Program in preparation for restart of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, High Flux Isotope Reactor. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Configuration Management - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor More Documents & Publications

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Flash photolysis-shock tube studies  

SciTech Connect

Even though this project in the past has concentrated on the measurement of thermal bimolecular reactions of atomic species with stable molecules by the flash or laser photolysis-shock tube (FP- or LP-ST) method using atomic resonance absorption spectrometry (ARAS) as the diagnostic technique, during the past year the authors have concentrated on studies of the thermal decompositions of selected chlorocarbon molecules. These studies are necessary if the degradation of chlorine containing organic molecules by incineration are to be understood at the molecular level. Clearly, destruction of these molecules will not only involve abstraction reactions, when possible, but also thermal decomposition followed by secondary reactions of the initially formed atoms and radicals. Studies on the thermal decomposition of CH{sub 3}Cl are complete, and the curve-of-growth for Cl-atom atomic resonance absorption has been determined. The new thermal decomposition studies are similar to those already reported for CH{sub 3}Cl.

Michael, J.V. [Argonne National Laboratory, IL (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Erosion of heat exchanger tubes in fluidized beds  

SciTech Connect

This final report describes the activities of the 3-year project entitled Erosion of Heat Exchanger Tubes In Fluidized Beds.'' which was completed at the end of 1990. Project accomplishments include the collection of a substantial body of wear data In a 24in. [times] 24in. fluidized bed, comparative wear results In a 6in. [times] 6in. fluidized bed, the development of a dragometer and the collection of a comprehensive set of drag force data in the 24in. [times] 24in. bed, Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) analysis of bubble probe data to establish dominant bubble frequencies in the 24in. [times] 24in. bed, the use of a heat flux gauge for measurement of heat transfer coefficients in the 24in. [times] 24in. bed and the modeling of the tube wear in the 24in. [times] 24in. bed. Analysis of the wear data from the 24in. square bed indicates that tube wear increases with increase in superficial velocity, and with increase in tube height. The latter effect is a result of the tubes higher up in the bed seeing greater movement of dense phase than tubes lower down In the bed. In addition, tube wear was found to decrease with increase in particle size, for constant superficial velocity. Three models of tube wear were formulated and provided acceptable prediction of wear when compared with the experimental data.

Johnson, E.K.; Flemmer, R.L.C.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Waterside Stress Assisted Corrosion (SAC) of Boiler Tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Waterside Stress Assisted Corrosion (SAC) of Boiler Tubes School of Materials Science Boiler Areas Susceptible to SAC · Generally SAC initiates near weld joints on cold side of tubes · SAC cracks are difficult to detect inaccessibility · Failures Detected at Various Locations in Boilers

Das, Suman

204

Gaseous Detonation-Driven Fracture of Tubes Tong Wa Chao  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gaseous Detonation-Driven Fracture of Tubes Thesis by Tong Wa Chao In Partial Fulfillment An experimental investigation of fracture response of aluminum 6061-T6 tubes under internal gaseous detonation on the detonation velocity, strain history, blast pressure from the crack opening, and crack speeds. The curved

205

Drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure relates to a drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators. The system comprises a series of box-sections girders independently adjustably mounted on a linear accelerator. A plurality of drift tube holding stems are individually adjustably mounted on each girder.

Liska, Donald J. (Los Alamos, NM); Schamaun, Roger G. (Los Alamos, NM); Clark, Donald C. (Los Alamos, NM); Potter, R. Christopher (Los Alamos, NM); Frank, Joseph A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

LinkedTube: semantic information on web media objects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

LinkedTube is a service to create semantic and non-semantic relationships between videos available on services on the Internet (such as YouTube) and external elements (such as Wikipedia, Internet Movie Database, DBPedia, etc). The relationships are defined ... Keywords: metadata, multimedia, semantic web

Carlos Eduardo C. F. Batista; Daniel Schwabe

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure relates to a drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators. The system comprises a series of box-sections girders independently adjustably mounted on a linear accelerator. A plurality of drift tube holding stems are individually adjustably mounted on each girder.

Liska, D.J.; Schamaun, R.G.; Clark, D.C.; Potter, R.C.; Frank, J.A.

1980-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

208

Variable-energy drift-tube linear accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A linear accelerator system includes a plurality of post-coupled drift-tubes wherein each post coupler is bistably positionable to either of two positions which result in different field distributions. With binary control over a plurality of post couplers, a significant accumlative effect in the resulting field distribution is achieved yielding a variable-energy drift-tube linear accelerator.

Swenson, Donald A. (Los Alamos, NM); Boyd, Jr., Thomas J. (Los Alamos, NM); Potter, James M. (Los Alamos, NM); Stovall, James E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

ORCHARD BEE NESTING MATERIALS ACE PAPER TUBE CORPORATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORCHARD BEE NESTING MATERIALS ACE PAPER TUBE CORPORATION Nesting Tubes 4918 Denison Ave., Cleveland, Ohio 44102 Tel: 216-961-0250 Mason Bees and Nesting Supplies 21323 232nd St. SE, Monroe, Washington 98272-8982 Fax: 206-820-8037 E-mail: easugden@msn.com MAXTEK Nest Blocks Chuck McSween Tel: 425

210

An approach to configuring product family using rough set theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Configuration design is one of the most important elements in the design for product family, with which designers could customise products for customers according to their specific requirements. The traditional approach to configuring products is based on configuration rules which reflect the mapping relations between customer requirements and design variables. But how to acquire the configuration rules is becoming the bottleneck. A kind of general way is to depend on design experts themselves to create such rules. It would take plenty of time for design experts to establish rules database. As such, this paper presents a framework of configuration design for product family through giving the variant components with different attribute values, in which the acquisition of configuration rules is connected with the idea of data mining using the rough set theory from large numbers of historical design data instead of the design expert's experience. It can help not only design experts but also novice designers analyse the dependence between customer requirements and design parameters, and acquire the configuration rules hidden in the historical data easily.

Bin Zhu; Pingyu Jiang

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Cosmic R-string, R-tube and Vacuum Instability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that a cosmic string associated with spontaneous $U(1)_R$ symmetry breaking gives a constraint for supersymmetric model building. In some models, the string can be viewed as a tube-like domain wall with a winding number interpolating a false vacuum and a true vacuum. Such string causes inhomogeneous decay of the false vacuum to the true vacuum via rapid expansion of the radius of the tube and hence its formation would be inconsistent with the present Universe. However, we demonstrate that there exist metastable solutions which do not expand rapidly. Furthermore, when the true vacua are degenerate, the structure inside the tube becomes involved. As an example, we show a "bamboo"-like solution, which suggests a possibility observing an information of true vacua from outside of the tube through the shape and the tension of the tube.

Minoru Eto; Yuta Hamada; Kohei Kamada; Tatsuo Kobayashi; Keisuke Ohashi; Yutaka Ookouchi

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

212

Heavy wall production tubing design for special alloy steels  

SciTech Connect

Critical wells require a comprehensive design philosophy for downhole tubulars. This paper describes novel design techniques used on four key tasks in tubing design common to all severe service wells: Material Selection, Sizing the Tubing, Threaded Connector Qualification, Field Installation Planning. The in-depth engineering approach applies stringent material and threaded connector qualification with new tubing sizing methods and thorough installation planning. Standard tubing sizing methods are unacceptable due to conservatism with respect to erosional velocity and inaccuracy with respect to stress analysis. Proper stress analysis of alloys requires consideration of triaxial stress, anisotropy, and temperatureweakening. New design equations are given for tubing sizing applicable to critical, corrosive wells where special materials are selected for corrosion mitigation.

Payne, M.L.; Hurst, D.M.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Application of hydrostatic extrusion to fabrication of zircaloy tubing  

SciTech Connect

Two approaches are presented to the fabrication of BWR Zircaloy cladding tubes: (7) replacing the final pass of the pilgering process with cold hydrostatic extrusion, and (2) application of hot hydrostatic extrusion to the manufacture of tube shells which are then processed by the conventional pilgering process. With the first approach, an extrusion ratio (ER) of 5 could be obtained, but it should be limited to a maximum of 3 to prevent the occurence of galling. The properties of the obtained tubes were nearly identical to those of the current BWR cladding tubes. Application of the second technique resulted in an increase of ER to three times that of the conventional direct extrusion. The tubing processed at higher ER showed higher strength and lower ductility in the tension tests but exhibited higher ductility in the burst tests. 5 refs.

Nagai, N.; Kakuma, T.; Matsushita, T.; Kimpara, M.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Microhole Coiled Tubing Bottom Hole Assemblies  

SciTech Connect

The original objective of the project, to deliver an integrated 3 1/8-inch diameter Measurement While Drilling (MWD) and Logging While Drilling (LWD) system for drilling small boreholes using coiled tubing drilling, has been achieved. Two prototype systems have been assembled and tested in the lab. One of the systems has been successfully tested downhole in a conventional rotary drilling environment. Development of the 3 1/8-inch system has also lead to development and commercialization of a slightly larger 3.5-inch diameter system. We are presently filling customer orders for the 3.5-inch system while continuing with commercialization of the 3 1/8-inch system. The equipment developed by this project will be offered for sale to multiple service providers around the world, enabling the more rapid expansion of both coiled tubing drilling and conventional small diameter drilling. The project was based on the reuse of existing technology whenever possible in order to minimize development costs, time, and risks. The project was begun initially by Ultima Labs, at the time a small company ({approx}12 employees) which had successfully developed a number of products for larger oil well service companies. In September, 2006, approximately 20 months after inception of the project, Ultima Labs was acquired by Sondex plc, a worldwide manufacturer of downhole instrumentation for cased hole and drilling applications. The acquisition provided access to proven technology for mud pulse telemetry, downhole directional and natural gamma ray measurements, and surface data acquisition and processing, as well as a global sales and support network. The acquisition accelerated commercialization through existing Sondex customers. Customer demand resulted in changes to the product specification to support hotter (150 C) and deeper drilling (20,000 psi pressure) than originally proposed. The Sondex acquisition resulted in some project delays as the resistivity collar was interfaced to a different MWD system and also as the mechanical design was revised for the new pressure requirements. However, the Sondex acquisition has resulted in a more robust system, secure funding for completion of the project, and more rapid commercialization.

Don Macune

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

215

SINGLE CRYSTAL NIOBIUM TUBES FOR PARTICLE COLLIDERS ACCELERATOR CAVITIES  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this research project is to produce single crystal niobium (Nb) tubes for use as particle accelerator cavities for the Fermi laboratory’s International Linear Collider project. Single crystal Nb tubes may have superior performance compared to a polycrystalline tubes because the absence of grain boundaries may permit the use of higher accelerating voltages. In addition, Nb tubes that are subjected to the high temperature, high vacuum crystallization process are very pure and well annealed. Any impurity with a significantly higher vapor pressure than Nb should be decreased by the relatively long exposure at high temperature to the high vacuum environment. After application of the single crystal process, the surfaces of the Nb tubes are bright and shiny, and the tube resembles an electro polished Nb tube. For these reasons, there is interest in single crystal Nb tubes and in a process that will produce single crystal tubes. To convert a polycrystalline niobium tube into a single crystal, the tube is heated to within a few hundred ?C of the melting temperature of niobium, which is 2477 ?C. RF heating is used to rapidly heat the tube in a narrow zone and after reaching the operating temperature, the hot zone is slowly passed along the length of the tube. For crystallization tests with Nb tubes, the traverse rate was in the range of 1-10 cm per hour. All the crystallization tests in this study were performed in a water-cooled, stainless steel chamber under a vacuum of 5 x10-6 torr or better. In earliest tests of the single crystal growth process, the Nb tubes had an OD of 1.9 cm and a wall thickness of 0.15 mm. With these relatively small Nb tubes, the single crystal process was always successful in producing single crystal tubes. In these early tests, the operating temperature was normally maintained at 2200 ?C, and the traverse rate was 5 cm per hour. In the next test series, the Nb tube size was increased to 3.8 cm OD and the wall thickness was increased 0.18 mm and eventually to 0.21 mm. Again, with these larger tubes, single crystal tubes were usually produced by the crystallization process. The power supply was generally operated at full output during these tests, and the traverse rate was 5 cm per hour. In a few tests, the traverse rate was increased to 10 cm per hour, and at the faster traverse rate, single crystal growth was not achieved. In these tests with a faster traverse rate, it was thought that the tube was not heated to a high enough temperature to achieve single crystal growth. In the next series of tests, the tube OD was unchanged at 3.8 cm and the wall thickness was increased to 0.30 mm. The increased wall thickness made it difficult to reach an operating temperature above 2,000 ?C, and although the single crystal process caused a large increase in the crystal grains, no single crystal tubes were produced. It was assumed that the operating temperature in these tests was not high enough to achieve single crystal growth. In FY 2012, a larger power supply was purchased and installed. With the new power supply, temperatures above the melting point of Nb were easily obtained regardless of the tube thickness. A series of crystallization tests was initiated to determine if indeed the operating temperature of the previous tests was too low to achieve single crystal growth. For these tests, the Nb tube OD remained at 3.8 cm and the wall thickness was 0.30 mm. The first test had an operating temperature of 2,000 ?C. and the operating temperature was increased by 50 ?C increments for each successive test. The final test was very near the Nb melting temperature, and indeed, the Nb tube eventually melted in the center of the tube. These tests showed that higher temperatures did yield larger grain sizes if the traverse rate was held constant at 5 cm per hour, but no single crystal tubes were produced even at the highest operating temperature. In addition, slowing the traverse rate to as low as 1 cm per hour did not yield a single crystal tube regardless of operating temperature. At this time, it

MURPHY, JAMES E [University of Nevada, Reno] [University of Nevada, Reno

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

216

Bradbury-Nielsen vs. Field switching shutters for high resolution drift tube ion mobility spectrometers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A key component in the design of every drift tube ion mobility spectrometer (IMS) is the ion shutter which controls the injection of ions into the drift tube. Especially, compact drift tube IMS require very short...

Ansgar T. Kirk; Stefan Zimmermann

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing tube wall Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARIES-CS T-TUBE DIVERTOR DESIGN Summary: Temperature K Maximum Temperature of Tube0Tile Interface K DP kPa Standard k-, with wall enhancement... of the actual T-tube...

218

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Network Configuration & System Design  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Network Configuration & System Design Network Configuration & System Design About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Network Configuration and System Design Overview | Transmission/Storage | Design Criteria | Importance of Storage| Overall Pipeline System Configuration Overview A principal requirement of the natural gas transmission system is that it be capable of meeting the peak demand of its shippers who have contracts for firm service. To meet this requirement, the facilities developed by the natural gas transmission industry are a combination of transmission pipelines to bring the gas to the market areas and of underground natural gas storage sites and liquefied natural gas (LNG) peaking facilities located in the market areas.

219

CRAD, Configuration Management Assessment Plan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Configuration Management Assessment Plan Configuration Management Assessment Plan CRAD, Configuration Management Assessment Plan Performance Objective: The objective of this assessment is to determine whether a Configuration Management Program (CM) is in place which allows for the availability and retrievability of accurate information, improves response to design and operational decisions, enhances worker safety, increases facility safety and reliability, increases efficiency of work efforts, and helps maintain integrity of interfacing orders. Criteria: The CM program supports DOE program implementation through the following: It provides the mechanisms for identifying, cataloging, and maintaining the design requirements and design basis (established to satisfy DOE O 420.1 Facility Safety). It carries forward the technical baseline established in the design

220

Exhibit A: Modeling in Support of Two Unit Operating Configurations |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Modeling in Support of Two Unit Operating Configurations Modeling in Support of Two Unit Operating Configurations Exhibit A: Modeling in Support of Two Unit Operating Configurations Docket No. EO-05-01: Tables showing modeling of emissions from units of the Mirant Potomac Power Plant. Exhibit A: Modeling in Support of Two Unit Operating Configurations More Documents & Publications Comments on Emergency Order to Resume Limited Operation at the Potomac River Generating Station, Alexandria, VA from the Chesapeake Climate Action Network. Comments on Department of Energy's Emergency Order To Resume Limited Operation at Mirant's Potomac River Generating Station and Proposed Mirant Compliance Plan Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

High Energy Electron Confinement in a Magnetic Cusp Configuration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report experimental results validating the concept that plasma confinement is enhanced in a magnetic cusp configuration when beta (plasma pressure/magnetic field pressure) is order of unity. This enhancement is required for a fusion power reactor based on cusp confinement to be feasible. The magnetic cusp configuration possesses a critical advantage: the plasma is stable to large scale perturbations. However, early work indicated that plasma loss rates in a reactor based on a cusp configuration were too large for net power production. Grad and others theorized that at high beta a sharp boundary would form between the plasma and the magnetic field, leading to substantially smaller loss rates. The current experiment validates this theoretical conjecture for the first time and represents critical progress toward the Polywell fusion concept which combines a high beta cusp configuration with an electrostatic fusion for a compact, economical, power-producing nuclear fusion reactor.

Park, Jaeyoung; Sieck, Paul E; Offermann, Dustin T; Skillicorn, Michael; Sanchez, Andrew; Davis, Kevin; Alderson, Eric; Lapenta, Giovanni

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Constrained Density-Functional Theory--Configuration Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I implemented a method for performing electronic structure calculations, "Constrained Density Functional Theory-- Configuration Interaction" (CDFT-CI), which builds upon the computational strengths of Density ...

Kaduk, Benjamin James

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Auto-configuration of Savants in a complex, variable network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, present a system design that enables Savants to automatically configure both their network settings and their required application programs when connected to an intelligent data management and application ...

Yu, Joseph Hon

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Integrated Coverage and Connectivity Configuration for Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated Coverage and Connectivity Configuration for Energy Conservation in Sensor Networks University in St. Louis An effective approach for energy conservation in wireless sensor networks: Sensor network, wireless ad hoc network, coverage, connectiv- ity, energy conservation, topology

Lu, Chenyang

225

Configuration Management and Version Control in Earth System Modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This section discusses the process of developing and constructing Earth System Models (ESMs). The construction of an ESM...configuration management (CM), the process of handling change in software systems wh...

Mick Carter; Dave Matthews

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

High temperature solid electrolyte fuel cell configurations and interconnections  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High temperature fuel cell configurations and interconnections are made including annular cells having a solid electrolyte sandwiched between thin film electrodes. The cells are electrically interconnected along an elongated axial outer surface.

Isenberg, Arnold O. (Forest Hills, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Optimization of the Configuration of Pixilated Detectors for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optimization of the Configuration of Pixilated Detectors for the X-ray Spectroscopy of Hot Plasmas Based on the Shannon-Nyquist Theorem ---- Inventor(s): Manfred L. Bitter, Kenneth...

228

Adsorption configurations of two nitrogen atoms on graphene  

SciTech Connect

We present calculations for different possible configurations of two nitrogen adatoms on graphene using the code VASP, based on Density Functional Theory (DFT). Two N atoms adsorbed on the graphene sheet can share a bond in two ways. They take positions either just above two adjacent carbon atoms or they form a bridge across opposite bonds of a hexagon in the graphene sheet. Both these configurations result into structural distortion of the sheet. Another stable configuration involving two N atoms consists of an N{sub 2} molecule which is physisorbed at a distance 3.69 Å on the graphene sheet. Two N atoms can also be adsorbed on alternate bridge sites of neighbouring hexagons of graphene. This configuration again leads to distortion of the sheet in perpendicular direction.

Rani, Babita, E-mail: babitabaghla15@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Punjabi University, Patiala- 147 002 and Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh- 160 014 (India); Jindal, V. K.; Dharamvir, Keya [Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh- 160 014 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

229

A study of neutron-deuteron scattering in configuration space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new computational method for solving the configuration-space Faddeev equations for the breakup scattering problem has been applied to nd scattering both below and above the two-body threshold.

V. M. Suslov; M. A. Braun; I. Filikhin; B. Vlahovic

2006-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

230

Baffle Configuration Effects on Dynamo Self-Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Baffle Configuration Effects on Dynamo Self-Generation Understanding the Dynamics of the Earths Earth, an example of a self generating magnetic field. Self Generation, what helps: High magnetic

Anlage, Steven

231

A memory based method for computing robot-arm configuration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A MEMORY BASED METHOD FOR COMPUTING ROBOT-ARM CONFIGURATION A Thesis by SALEEM KARIMJEE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1985... Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering A MEMORY BASED METHOD FOR COMPUTING ROBOT-ARM CONFIGURATION A Thesis by SALEEM KARIMJEE Approved as to style and content by: B jamin O'. Moo i (Chairman of Committee) Make McDermott (Member) , Norman C...

Karimjee, Saleem

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Configuration management program plan for Hanford site systems engineering  

SciTech Connect

This plan establishes the integrated configuration management program for the evolving technical baseline developed through the systems engineering process. This configuration management program aligns with the criteria identified in the DOE Standard, DOE-STD-1073-93. Included are specific requirements for control of the systems engineering RDD-100 database, and electronic data incorporated in the database that establishes the Hanford site technical baseline.

Hoffman, A.G.

1994-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

233

Workstation Configuration and Process Planning for RLW Operations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The application of Remote Laser Welding (RLW) has become an attractive assembly technology in various branches of industry, as it offers higher efficiency at lower costs compared to traditional Resistance Spot Welding (RSW) when high volumes of sheet metal assemblies are to be produced. However, the introduction of RLW technology raises multiple new issues in designing the configuration, the layout, and the behavior of the assembly system. Since configuring an RLW workstation and planning the welding process are closely interrelated problems, a hierarchical decision process must be applied where configuration and planning go hand in hand. The paper presents a hierarchical workflow for workstation configuration and process planning for RLW operations, and proposes methods for solving the decision problems related to each step of this workflow. A software toolbox is introduced that has been developed to facilitate a semi-automatic, mixed-initiative workstation design and to guide the expert user throughout the configuration, planning, programming, evaluation, and simulation of the RLW workstation. A case study from the automotive industry is presented, where the software tools developed are applied to configuring and planning the behavior of an RLW workstation that replaces RSW technology in assembling a car door.

Gábor Erd?s; Csaba Kardos; Zsolt Kemény; András Kovács; József Váncza

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Ceramic tube seals cut heat loss, achieve six month payback  

SciTech Connect

The methane reformer at the Celanese Chemical Company's Bishop, TX plant operates at approximately 1900/sup 0/F. The reformer has 32 tubes (9'' diameter) that pass through the firebox. Openings around the tubes measure 11'' in diameter to accommodate horizontal and vertical thermal expansion and movement as well as to facilitate tube removal. The gaps around the tubes permitted cool air to be drawn into the firebox (caused by slight negative pressure) and also allowed radiant heat to escape causing the reformer to operate at a lower than desired level of thermal efficiency. Celanese contracted to retrofit the old rigid firebrick roof in the methane reformer with a 10'' thick ceramic fiber module lining. The gaps around the tubes were sealed by using a special tube seal made from Nextel woven ceramic fiber fabric, a 1984 CHEMICAL PROCESSING Vaaler Award winner (Mid-November 1984, p.52). The Nextel fabric used in this application is a heat resistant textile that has a continuous use temperature of 2200/sup 0/F - well above the 1900/sup 0/F operating temperature of the reformer. The tube seals have been working exactly as intended, verified by observation through inspection ports. Temperatures in the penthouse area above the roof dropped from 240/sup 0/F to 150/sup 0/F. The reduction in heat losses has been attributed to the elimination of the gaps around each tube by the seals and to the improved K-factor of the ceramic module lining. The tube seals have paid for themselves within six months of installation. At that time, the seal boots were inspected and showed no signs of wear. With these results, the improved efficiency of the methane reformer promises to yield additional economic benefits.

Not Available

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

In-bed tube bank for a fluidized-bed combustor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An in-bed tube bank (10) for a fluidized bed combustor. The tube bank (10) of the present invention comprises one or more fluid communicating boiler tubes (30) which define a plurality of selectively spaced boiler tube sections (32). The tube sections (32) are substantially parallel to one another and aligned in a common plane. The tube bank (10) further comprises support members (34) for joining adjacent tube sections (32), the support members (34) engaging and extending along a selected length of the tube sections (32) and spanning the preselected space therebetween.

Hemenway, Jr., Lloyd F. (Morgantown, WV)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic tube compensation Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

REGIONS Summary: to approximately compensate. The magnetic energy density inside a flux tube depends on its evolu- tion during rise... tube emergence from a deep dynamo layer....

237

Development of a Solar-Powered Adsorption Cooling Tube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar energy shows much attraction for these scientists because it is clean, renewable, and environmentally protected. ... The disadvantages of the second generation solar-powered adsorption cooling tube are that (1) the heat loss from the solar collector is considerable, (2) because the condenser and evaporator are the same part of the solar cooling tube, the condensing heat significantly affects the refrigeration capacity in the condensing/chilled-water tank, and (3) the cooling water pipe cannot be maintained easily. ... A solar-powered adsorption refrigeration system consisting of solar cooling tubes has the advantages of a simple structure, low cost, and high efficiency. ...

Xiaodong Ma; Zhenyan Liu; Huizhong Zhao

2006-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

238

Chapter Two - Some Problems of Streak Tube Design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Chapter 2 embraces some aspects of streak image tube design, including physics of photoemission for certain types of photocathodes, electron-optical properties of a fine-structure mesh playing simultaneously the role of a photocathode, advantages of quasi-spherical electron optics as applied to high-speed single-frame and streak imaging with large-format photocathode, peculiarities of electrodynamics and electron optics of slow-wave comb structures as dynamic deflectors in streak image tubes, design of streak image tubes with different time resolution.

Mikhail Ya. Schelev; Mikhail A. Monastyrskiy; Nikolai S. Vorobiev; Sergei V. Garnov; Dmitriy E. Greenfield

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Streak tube photocathode development program. Phase 2, Final technical report  

SciTech Connect

This report details the progress made toward developing a streak tube with greater than 1% quantum efficiency at a wavelength of 1300 nm. The achieved performance is the result of approximately three years of effort. The goal of Phase 2 of this contract was to seal a working 1.3 {mu}m streak tube. This effort was focused in two areas. First there was a continuing effort to further develop and demonstrate the cathodes ability to meet the stated requirements. The second effort was aimed at solving the mechanical and process related problems related to sealing this cathode onto a EG&G streak tube.

Not Available

1993-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

240

Review of texture and texture formation in zircaloy tubing  

SciTech Connect

A general review of the texture characteristics in hexagonal close-packed metals is given with special reference to zircaloy tubing used in the nuclear industry. Conclusions concerning the deformation forces and their effect on the resulting deformation mechanisms are detailed. It is shown that the texture formation is governed by the material flow, which for tube reductions is determined by the reduction in cross-section, wall thickness and diameter, and, more specifically, by the relative ratio of wall to diameter reduction. By knowing the relationship between texture formation and reduction pazameters, it is possible to tailor the texture in zircaloy tubing within the given limits, according to in-service requirements.

Tenckhoff, E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Engineering Analysis of Intermediate Loop and Process Heat Exchanger Requirements to Include Configuration Analysis and Materials Needs  

SciTech Connect

The need to locate advanced hydrogen production facilities a finite distance away from a nuclear power source necessitates the need for an intermediate heat transport loop (IHTL). This IHTL must not only efficiently transport energy over distances up to 500 meters but must also be capable of operating at high temperatures (>850oC) for many years. High temperature, long term operation raises concerns of material strength, creep resistance and general material stability (corrosion resistance). IHTL design is currently in the initial stages. Many questions remain to be answered before intelligent design can begin. The report begins to look at some of the issues surrounding the main components of an IHTL. Specifically, a stress analysis of a compact heat exchanger design under expected operating conditions is reported. Also the results of a thermal analysis performed on two ITHL pipe configurations for different heat transport fluids are presented. The configurations consist of separate hot supply and cold return legs as well as annular design in which the hot fluid is carried in an inner pipe and the cold return fluids travels in the opposite direction in the annular space around the hot pipe. The effects of insulation configurations on pipe configuration performance are also reported. Finally, a simple analysis of two different process heat exchanger designs, one a tube in shell type and the other a compact or microchannel reactor are evaluated in light of catalyst requirements. Important insights into the critical areas of research and development are gained from these analyses, guiding the direction of future areas of research.

T.M. Lillo; R.L. Williamson; T.R. Reed; C.B. Davis; D.M. Ginosar

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Coiled tubing drilling with supercritical carbon dioxide  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for increasing the efficiency of drilling operations by using a drilling fluid material that exists as supercritical fluid or a dense gas at temperature and pressure conditions existing at a drill site. The material can be used to reduce mechanical drilling forces, to remove cuttings, or to jet erode a substrate. In one embodiment, carbon dioxide (CO.sub.2) is used as the material for drilling within wells in the earth, where the normal temperature and pressure conditions cause CO.sub.2 to exist as a supercritical fluid. Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC--CO.sub.2) is preferably used with coiled tube (CT) drilling equipment. The very low viscosity SC--CO.sub.2 provides efficient cooling of the drill head, and efficient cuttings removal. Further, the diffusivity of SC--CO.sub.2 within the pores of petroleum formations is significantly higher than that of water, making jet erosion using SC--CO.sub.2 much more effective than water jet erosion. SC--CO.sub.2 jets can be used to assist mechanical drilling, for erosion drilling, or for scale removal. A choke manifold at the well head or mud cap drilling equipment can be used to control the pressure within the borehole, to ensure that the temperature and pressure conditions necessary for CO.sub.2 to exist as either a supercritical fluid or a dense gas occur at the drill site. Spent CO.sub.2 can be vented to the atmosphere, collected for reuse, or directed into the formation to aid in the recovery of petroleum.

Kolle , Jack J. (Seattle, WA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Steam Generator Tube Integrity Program [Corrosion and Mechanics of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Steam Generator Tube Steam Generator Tube Integrity Program Capabilities Materials Testing Environmentally Assisted Cracking (EAC) of Reactor Materials Corrosion Performance/Metal Dusting Overview Light Water Reactors Fatigue Testing of Carbon Steels and Low-Alloy Steels Environmentally Assisted Cracking of Ni-Base Alloys Irradiation-Induced Stress Corrosion Cracking of Austenitic Stainless Steels Steam Generator Tube Integrity Program Air Oxidation Kinetics for Zr-based Alloys Fossil Energy Fusion Energy Metal Dusting Publications List Irradiated Materials Steam Generator Tube Integrity Other Facilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Corrosion and Mechanics of Materials Light Water Reactors Bookmark and Share

244

Heat transfer and fluid friction in bundles of twisted tubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The results of heat-transfer and friction studies in bundles of twisted tubes and rods with spiral wire-wrap spacers are analyzed, and recommendations are given for calculating the heat-transfer coefficient in...

B. V. Dzyubenko; G. A. Dreitser

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Leveraging YouTube as an LRRB Communication Tool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LIGHTS CAMERA ACTION! #12;Leveraging YouTube as an LRRB Communication Tool Farideh Amiri, Mn Improvements: Use high-resolution (720p or 1080p) videos Coordinate "Man on the street" interviews with large

Minnesota, University of

246

Design and fabrication of pressure-compensating compliant tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Different fabrication methods are evaluated for producing pressure-compensating tubes for use in low-pressure drip irrigation systems. Such devices would allow drip irrigation systems to operate at driving pressures much ...

Martin, Ian (Ian P.)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

OBSERVATION OF FLUX-TUBE CROSSINGS IN THE SOLAR WIND  

SciTech Connect

Current sheets are ubiquitous in the solar wind. They are a major source of the solar wind MHD turbulence intermittency. They may result from nonlinear interactions of the solar wind MHD turbulence or are the boundaries of flux tubes that originate from the solar surface. Some current sheets appear in pairs and are the boundaries of transient structures such as magnetic holes and reconnection exhausts or the edges of pulsed Alfven waves. For an individual current sheet, discerning whether it is a flux-tube boundary or due to nonlinear interactions or the boundary of a transient structure is difficult. In this work, using data from the Wind spacecraft, we identify two three-current-sheet events. Detailed examination of these two events suggests that they are best explained by the flux-tube-crossing scenario. Our study provides convincing evidence supporting the scenario that the solar wind consists of flux tubes where distinct plasmas reside.

Arnold, L.; Li, G.; Li, X. [Department of Physics and CSPAR, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States)] [Department of Physics and CSPAR, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States); Yan, Y., E-mail: gang.li@uah.edu [Key Laboratory of Solar Activity, National Astronomical Observatories of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China)

2013-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

248

Beating the Heat! Automated Characterization of Piezoelectric Tubes for Starbugs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Australian Astronomical Observatory has extensively prototyped a new robotic positioner to allow simultaneous positioning of optical fibers at the focal plane called 'Starbugs'. The Starbug devices each consist of two concentric piezoelectric tubes that 'walk' the optical fiber over the focal plane to accuracy of several microns. Ongoing research has led to the development of several Starbug prototypes, but lack of performance data has hampered further progress in the design of the Starbug positioners and the support equipment required to power and control them. Furthermore, Starbugs have been selected for the TAIPAN instrument, a prototype for MANIFEST on the GMT. A need now arises to measure and characterize 100's of piezoelectric tubes before full scale production of Starbugs for TAIPAN. The manual measurements of these piezoelectric tubes are a time consuming process taking several hours. Therefore, a versatile automated system is needed to measure and characterize these tubes in the laboratory before...

Piersiak, Rafal; Gilbert, James; Muller, Rolf

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Refrigerant forced-convection condensation inside horizontal tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High vapor velocity condensation inside a tube was studied theoretically. The heat transfer coefficients were calculated by the momentum and heat transfer analogy. The Von Karman universal velocity distribution was applied ...

Bae, Soonhoon

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

World Oils`s 1995 coiled tubing tables  

SciTech Connect

Increasingly in demand in almost every aspect of today`s E and P market because of flexibility, versatility and economy, coiled tubing is being used for a variety of drilling, completion and production operations that previously required conventional jointed pipe, workover and snubbing units, or rotary drilling rigs. For 1995 the popular coiled tubing tables have been reformatted, expanded and improved to give industry engineering and field personnel additional, more specific selection, operational and installation information. Traditional specifications and dimensions have been augmented by addition of calculated performance properties for downhole workover and well servicing applications. For the first time the authors are presenting this information as a stand-alone feature, separate from conventional jointed tubing connection design tables, which are published annually in the January issue. With almost seven times as much usable data as previous listings, the authors hope that their new coiled tubing tables are even more practical and useful to their readers.

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Development of pressurized tube specimen for creep testing of beryllium  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this work was to demonstrate that creep tests could be performed on beryllium in the same pressurized tube geometry as is commonly used in the FFTF/MOTA.

Neef, W.S.; Moir, R.W. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)); Opperman, E.K. (Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (USA)); Hamilton, M.L. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA))

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Acoustic emission from magnetic flux tubes in the solar network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of three-dimensional numerical simulations to investigate the excitation of waves in the magnetic network of the Sun due to footpoint motions of a magnetic flux tube. We consider motions that typically mimic granular buffeting and vortex flows and implement them as driving motions at the base of the flux tube. The driving motions generates various MHD modes within the flux tube and acoustic waves in the ambient medium. The response of the upper atmosphere to the underlying photospheric motion and the role of the flux tube in channeling the waves is investigated. We compute the acoustic energy flux in the various wave modes across different boundary layers defined by the plasma and magnetic field parameters and examine the observational implications for chromospheric and coronal heating.

Vigeesh, G

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Tube Width Fluctuations in F-Actin Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We determine the statistics of the local tube width in F-actin solutions, beyond the usually reported mean value. Our experimental observations are explained by a segment fluid theory based on the binary collision approximation. In this systematic generalization of the standard mean-field approach, effective polymer segments interact via a potential representing the topological constraints. The analytically predicted universal tube width distribution with a stretched tail is in good agreement with the data.

J. Glaser; D. Chakraborty; K. Kroy; I. Lauter; M. Degawa; N. Kirchgeßner; B. Hoffmann; R. Merkel; M. Giesen

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

254

EVACUATED TUBE COLLECTORS SIMPLIFY SOLAR THERMAL SYSTEM LAYOUT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SUMMARY Evacuated tube collectors (ETC's) differ quite markedly in their behaviour from the more familiar flat plate solar collectors. The consequences in cost of the entire system are investigated for a typical residential dwelling, making full use of the advantages offered by ETC's. A significant saving in initial cost as well as in maintenance costs can be realised. KEYWORDS Evacuated tube collectors; solar system layout; freeze protection; overheat protection.

C.W.J. van Koppen; P. Verhaart

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

X-ray tube with magnetic electron steering  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An X-ray tube uses a magnetic field to steer electrons. The magnetic field urges electrons toward the anode, increasing the proportion of electrons emitted from the cathode that reach desired portions of the anode and consequently contribute to X-ray production. The magnetic field also urges electrons reflected from the anode back to the anode, further increasing the efficiency of the tube.

Reed, Kim W. (Albuquerque, NM); Turman, Bobby N. (Albuquerque, NM); Kaye, Ronald J. (Albuquerque, NM); Schneider, Larry X. (Albuquerque, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

SHOCKS AND THERMAL CONDUCTION FRONTS IN RETRACTING RECONNECTED FLUX TUBES  

SciTech Connect

We present a model for plasma heating produced by time-dependent, spatially localized reconnection within a flare current sheet separating skewed magnetic fields. The reconnection creates flux tubes of new connectivity which subsequently retract at Alfvenic speeds from the reconnection site. Heating occurs in gas-dynamic shocks (GDSs) which develop inside these tubes. Here we present generalized thin flux tube equations for the dynamics of reconnected flux tubes, including pressure-driven parallel dynamics as well as temperature-dependent, anisotropic viscosity and thermal conductivity. The evolution of tubes embedded in a uniform, skewed magnetic field, following reconnection in a patch, is studied through numerical solutions of these equations, for solar coronal conditions. Even though viscosity and thermal conductivity are negligible in the quiet solar corona, the strong GDSs generated by compressing plasma inside reconnected flux tubes generate large velocity and temperature gradients along the tube, rendering the diffusive processes dominant. They determine the thickness of the shock that evolves up to a steady state value, although this condition may not be reached in the short times involved in a flare. For realistic solar coronal parameters, this steady state shock thickness might be as long as the entire flux tube. For strong shocks at low Prandtl numbers, typical of the solar corona, the GDS consists of an isothermal sub-shock where all the compression and cooling occur, preceded by a thermal front where the temperature increases and most of the heating occurs. We estimate the length of each of these sub-regions and the speed of their propagation.

Guidoni, S. E.; Longcope, D. W., E-mail: guidoni@physics.montana.ed [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717-3840 (United States)

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

The configuration management program for the Emergency Management Support System  

SciTech Connect

Emergency response software is used increasingly by the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Emergency Management Project (EMP) personnel at Hanford Site. This software must be reliable, of high quality, and capable of performing critical functions to support assessment of actual or potential consequences of any hazardous accidents onsite or events having potential offsite impacts. To better control the software and ensure its suitability for use as a tool to protect employees, the public, and environment, a method for specifying and certifying its capabilities and documenting its development and implementation was needed. A team of EMP staff, composed of personnel from Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) and Boeing Computer Services- Richland (BCSR) under the direction of PNL EMP, responded to this need by developing a software configuration management program (CMP). This report documents the development of the CMP, including the strategies upon which the CMP is based, and describes the program as it has been implemented for EMS System software. The program relies on the integration of its three primary elements: the configuration management staff, tools, and process. Configuration management staff run the program, using specially designed configuration management forms to guide, document, and track the life cycle of the software. The configuration management process itself is reflected in the instructive forms and summarized in flowcharts representing each phase of the process -- from requirements specification through implementation and maintenance. 7 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Probasco, K M [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Stephan, E G [Boeing Computer Services Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Nickel electroplating of steam generator tubes (kiss sleeving process)  

SciTech Connect

This process, the nickel electroplating of steam generator tubes, has been jointly developed under a Belgatom (Laborelec) and Framatome agreement with shared experience gained by both companies, industrial applications being under the responsibility of Framatome. Application of the coating in zones where residual stresses or cracks are present prevents contact between the primary water and the tube, which stops the stress corrosion process. In the Doel 2 plant, 91 tubes have been plated since 1985, and different sets of parameters have been used for comparison purposes. Among these tubes, 9 have been preventively plugged because of defective plating, 9 have been pulled out for laboratory examinations, 2 just after plating and 7 after 1 or 2 yr of service. There are 73 plated tubes still in service. From the tests that were performed, it was possible to select an optimized set of parameters guaranteeing the following properties: bridging of existing cracks and good behavior of the coating in relevant zones, good adhesion to the Inconel tube, high ductility, low residual stresses, thermal shock resistance, corrosion resistance, erosion resistance, and low cobalt content. The licensability of this process is being completed. It is based first on the leak-before-break concept to determine the characteristics of the nickel plating, thickness in particular, and second on the inspectability of ultrasonic testing methods.

Michaut, B.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Weak formulations and solution multiplicity of equilibrium configurations with Coulomb friction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Weak formulations and solution multiplicity of equilibrium configurations with Coulomb friction configurations of elastic struc- tures in contact with Coulomb friction. We obtain a variational formulation configurations with arbitrary small friction coefficients. We illustrate the result in two space dimensions

Bostan, Mihai

260

Configuration of Hopper, NERSC's Cray XE6 System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Configuration Configuration Configuration Hopper is NERSC's first peta-flop system, a Cray XE6, with a peak performance of 1.28 Petaflops/sec, 153,216 compute cores for running scientific applications, 217 Terabytes of memory, and 2 Petabytes of online disk storage. MC-proc.png Compute Nodes Hopper has 6,384 compute nodes made up of 2 twelve-core AMD 'MagnyCours'. Read More » login.jpg Login Nodes When you ssh to hopper.nersc.gov, you are connecting to a "login node." Read More » jaguar xt4 Interconnect A description of the custom Cray-designed network that Hopper uses for inter-node communication. Read More » xe6blade.png Support Nodes A description of other kinds of nodes included in Hopper for job launch, file systems, networking, and other services. Read More »

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

CRAD, Configuration Management - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor Contractor ORR CRAD, Configuration Management - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor Contractor ORR February 2007, A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for a February 2007 assessment of the Configuration Managment Program portion of an Operational Readiness Review of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, High Flux Isotope Reactor. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Configuration Management - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux

262

T-596: 0-Day Windows Network Interception Configuration Vulnerability |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: 0-Day Windows Network Interception Configuration 6: 0-Day Windows Network Interception Configuration Vulnerability T-596: 0-Day Windows Network Interception Configuration Vulnerability April 6, 2011 - 5:48am Addthis PROBLEM: 0-Day exploit of IPv4 and IPv6 mechanics and how it applies to Microsoft Windows Operating systems. PLATFORM: Microsoft Operating Systems (OS) Windows Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 2008 Server ABSTRACT: The links below describe a parasitic IPv6 layered over a native IPv4 network. This attack can be used to stage potential man-in-the-middle (MITM) attacks on IPv4 traffic. Please see the "Other Links" section below, as it provides an external URL reference. reference LINKS: InfoSec Institute - SLAAC Attack Cisco Threat Comparison and Best-Practice White Paper IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High

263

Novel gas embedded compressional Z-pinch configuration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimental results are presented of a novel Z-pinch configuration in which two concentric columns of an initial, partially ionized plasma are compressed. Experimental comparison with the laser initiated gas embedded Z pinch and with the microdischarge initiated dense Z pinch performed on the same generator shows that the new configuration exhibits axial compression and no macroscopic instabilities are observed. A maximum current of 130 kA is obtained for a discharge in hydrogen at 0.33 atm. On axis electron density, ne of 3×1025 m-3, is observed 110 ns after the initiation of the discharge, 20 times larger than the laser initiated gas embedded Z pinch.

L. Soto; H. Chuaqui; M. Favre; E. Wyndham

1994-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

264

Final Land Configuration for the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site  

SciTech Connect

Closure of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) has been completed. The future land use of the site is designated as a National Wildlife Refuge. A joint effort between Kaiser-Hill, Department of Energy, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Environmental Protection Agency, State of Colorado, and other stakeholders was initiated to provide direction for developing the final land configuration. Through early identification of issues and developing mutually agreeable solutions, the final land configuration of the site was successfully completed. (authors)

Stegen, R. L.; Kapinos, J. M.; Wehner, J. P.; Snyder, B. [Parsons, 1700 Broadway, Suite 900, Denver, Colorado 80290 (United States); Davis, R. W. [Kaiser-Hill Company, LLC, 9193 S. Jamaica, Englewood, Colorado 80112 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Inductrack III configuration--a maglev system for high loads  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Inductrack III configurations are suited for use in transporting heavy freight loads. Inductrack III addresses a problem associated with the cantilevered track of the Inductrack II configuration. The use of a cantilevered track could present mechanical design problems in attempting to achieve a strong enough track system such that it would be capable of supporting very heavy loads. In Inductrack III, the levitating portion of the track can be supported uniformly from below, as the levitating Halbach array used on the moving vehicle is a single-sided one, thus does not require the cantilevered track as employed in Inductrack II.

Post, Richard F

2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

266

Computational Modeling and Optimization of a Novel Shock Tube to Study Blast Induced Traumatic Brain Injury  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Various 2D models to simulate the shock wave propagation in a shock tube to see the effects of varying shock tube geometry and working fluid on the blast profiles were developed. Ranges of different parameters evaluated are: tube length - 5ft to 25ft; tube...

Anumolu, Pratima

2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

267

Axial thermal medium delivery tubes and retention plates for a gas turbine rotor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a multi-stage turbine rotor, tubes are disposed in openings adjacent the rotor rim for flowing a thermal medium to rotor buckets and returning spent thermal medium. The tubes have axially spaced lands of predetermined wall thickness with thin-walled tube sections between the lands and of increasing thickness from the forward to the aft ends of the tubes. A pair of retention plates are carried on the aft end face of the aft wheel and straddle the tube and engage against a shoulder on the tube to preclude displacement of the tube in an aft direction.

Mashey, Thomas Charles (Coxsackie, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

CONFIGURING A COLLABORATIVE VIRTUAL WORKSPACE FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a strong impact on business. Oil & gas companies are thus continuously seeking to employ processesCONFIGURING A COLLABORATIVE VIRTUAL WORKSPACE FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT OF OIL & GAS OFFSHORE workspace. Finally a prototype for oil & gas offshore structures disaster management based on our multi

Barbosa, Alberto

269

CMOS Photovoltaic-cell Layout Configurations for Harvesting Microsystems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CMOS Photovoltaic-cell Layout Configurations for Harvesting Microsystems Rajiv Damodaran Prabha, and radiation, photovoltaic (PV) systems are appealing options. Still, chip-sized CMOS PV cells produce only well in substrate cell are better. Index Terms--Ambient light energy, harvester, CMOS photovoltaic (PV

Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

270

CRAD, Configuration Management- Los Alamos National Laboratory Weapons Facility  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Configuration Management program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Weapons Facility.

271

Sustainability of Self-Configuring Wireless Sensor Bozena Kaminska  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sustainability of Self-Configuring Wireless Sensor Networks Bozena Kaminska Simon Fraser University monitoring and security. Those applications impose requirements for sustained, reliable, and fault-tolerant operation. We introduce a new ad-hoc wireless architecture in which forwarding is based on associativity

Gburzynski, Pawel

272

Novel Dipole Trapped Spheromak Configuration M. R. Brown,1,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Novel Dipole Trapped Spheromak Configuration M. R. Brown,1, * C. D. Cothran,1 J. Fung,1 M. J. Schaffer,2 and E. Belova3 We report the observation and characterization of a spheromak formed in the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment (SSX) and trapped in a simple dipole magnetic field. The spheromak is studied

Brown, Michael R.

273

Verification of Network Management System Configurations David L. Cohrs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Verification of Network Management System Configurations David L. Cohrs (608) 262-6617 dave domains too autonomous for this centralized approach. Distributing the network management system causes- ments. The NMSL system then operates in two roles: it verifies network management specifications

Miller, Barton P.

274

ON THE CONFIGURATION-LP FOR SCHEDULING ON UNRELATED MACHINES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ON THE CONFIGURATION-LP FOR SCHEDULING ON UNRELATED MACHINES JOSÃ? VERSCHAE AND ANDREAS WIESE Abstract. One of the most important open problems in machine scheduling is the problem of scheduling a set of jobs on unrelated machines to minimize the makespan. The best known approximation algorithm

Nabben, Reinhard

275

Minimum Power Configuration for Wireless Communication in Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conserve more energy than exist- ing minimum power routing and topology control protocols. Furthermore configuration, ad hoc net- works, energy efficiency, wireless communications Part of this article was published aggressively conserve energy in order to operate for extensive periods without wired power sources. Since

276

I.V. Stasyuk, O.V. Velychko CONFIGURATIONAL MODEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Complex formation reactions of metal ions and ligand groups are of great importance due to pollution of environment by heavy metal (including actinides) species. In general this type of reaction can be described' & $ % I.V. Stasyuk, O.V. Velychko CONFIGURATIONAL MODEL OF METAL ION COMPLEX FORMATION IN WATER

277

Automated Configuration of Algorithms for Solving Hard Computational Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

characteristics. Automated configuration procedures can facilitate algorithm development and be applied on the end. Inf., Darmstadt University of Technology, 2004 A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT of such procedures separates high-level cognitive tasks carried out by humans from tedious low-level tasks that can

Hutter, Frank

278

Configuration Distribution and Designs of Codes in the Johnson Scheme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Configuration Distribution and Designs of Codes in the Johnson Scheme Tuvi Etzion Technion between perfect codes in the Johnson scheme and designs, and provide new tools for proving Delsarte conjecture that there are no nontrivial perfect codes in the Johnson scheme. Three topics will be considered

Etzion, Tuvi

279

Configuration management program plan for Hanford site systems engineering  

SciTech Connect

This plan establishes the integrated management program for the evolving technical baseline developed through the systems engineering process. This configuration management program aligns with the criteria identified in the DOE Standard, DOE-STD-1073-93. Included are specific requirements for control of the systems engineering RDD-100 database, and electronic data incorporated in the database that establishes the Hanford Site Technical Baseline.

Kellie, C.L.

1996-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

280

Electromagnetic Waves Propagation in 3D Plasma Configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electromagnetic Waves Propagation in 3D Plasma Configurations Pavel Popovich, W. Anthony Cooper such method is based on heating the plasma by electromagnetic waves with various frequencies. Wave behaviour that allows to simulate mode-conversion effects. The wave equation is formulated in terms of electromagnetic

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Version Models for Software Configuration Management REIDAR CONRADI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

" (project manage- ment, SCM, and quality assurance have come into operation). Furthermore, SCM plays and change requests), and audit and review (quality assurance func- tions to preserve product consistency based on configuration rules. Finally, we provide an overview of systems that have had significant

Redmiles, David F.

282

Plasma Sprayed Pour Tubes and Other Melt Handling Components for Use in Gas Atomization  

SciTech Connect

Ames Laboratory has successfully used plasma sprayed ceramic components made from yttria stabilized zirconia as melt pouring tubes for gas atomization for many years. These tubes have proven to be strong, thermal shock resistant and versatile. Various configurations are possible both internally and externally. Accurate dimensions are achieved internally with a machined fugitive graphite mandrel and externally by diamond grinding. The previous study of the effect of spray parameters on density was extended to determine the effect of the resulting density on the thermal shock characteristics on down-quenching and up-quenching. Encouraging results also prompted investigation of the use of plasma spraying as a method to construct a melt pour exit stopper that is mechanically robust, thermal shock resistant, and not susceptible to attack by reactive melt additions. The Ames Laboratory operates two close-coupled high pressure gas atomizers. These two atomizers are designed to produce fine and coarse spherical metal powders (5{mu} to 500{mu} diameter) of many different metals and alloys. The systems vary in size, but generally the smaller atomizer can produce up to 5 kg of powder whereas the larger can produce up to 25 kg depending on the charge form and density. In order to make powders of such varying compositions, it is necessary to have melt systems capable of heating and containing the liquid charge to the desired superheat temperature prior to pouring through the atomization nozzle. For some metals and alloys this is not a problem; however for some more reactive and/or high melting materials this can pose unique challenges. Figure 1 is a schematic that illustrates the atomization system and its components.

Byrd, David; Rieken, Joel; Heidloff, Andy; Besser, Matthew; Anderson, Iver

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Simple frictional analysis of helical buckling of tubing  

SciTech Connect

Previous analyses of helical buckling of tubing have not considered frictional forces. In this paper, differential equations are derived and solved for two simplified cases of interest: downward motion of the tubing-e.g., when buckling occurs during the landing of the tubing-and upward motion of the tubing-e.g., when buckling occurs as a result of thermal and differential pressure loading subsequent to landing. While somewhat more complicated than the conventional frictionless buckling equations, these solutions are still suitable for hand calculations. These solutions, however, do not represent general solutions to buckling with friction. Load reversals and lateral frictional forces add complications that would require computer analysis. Several examples are examined to evaluate the relative importance of friction, which has a significant impact on tubing length change for loaded cases. For instance, the choice of a conservative value for the friction coefficient may allow the solution of a difficult seal-design problem by reducing a large predicted length change. Friction also has an important effect on set-down loads. Frictionless buckling calculations do not give conservative results for this problem.

Mitchell, R.F.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Disposal of Draeger Tubes at Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River Site (SRS) is a Department of Energy (DOE) facility located in Aiken, South Carolina that is operated by the Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC). At SRS Draeger tubes are used to identify the amount and type of a particular chemical constituent in the atmosphere. Draeger tubes rely on a chemical reaction to identify the nature and type of a particular chemical constituent in the atmosphere. Disposal practices for these tubes were identified by performing a hazardous waste evaluation per the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Additional investigations were conducted to provide guidance for their safe handling, storage and disposal. A list of Draeger tubes commonly used at SRS was first evaluated to determine if they contained any material that could render them as a RCRA hazardous waste. Disposal techniques for Draeger tubes that contained any of the toxic contaminants listed in South Carolina Hazardous Waste Management Regulations (SCHWMR) R.61-79. 261.24 (b) and/or contained an acid in the liquid form were addressed.

Malik, N.P.

2000-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

285

The Dynamics of Flux Tubes in a High Beta Plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We suggest a new model for the structure of a magnetic field embedded high $\\beta$ turbulent plasma, based on the popular notion that the magnetic field will tend to separate into individual flux tubes. We point out that interactions between the flux tubes will be dominated by coherent effects stemming from the turbulent wakes created as the fluid streams by the flux tubes. Balancing the attraction caused by shielding effects with turbulent diffusion we find that flux tubes have typical radii comparable to the local Mach number squared times the large scale eddy length, are arranged in a one dimensional fractal pattern, have a radius of curvature comparable to the largest scale eddies in the turbulence, and have an internal magnetic pressure comparable to the ambient pressure. When the average magnetic energy density is much less than the turbulent energy density the radius, internal magnetic field and curvature scale of the flux tubes will be smaller than these estimates. Realistic resistivity does not alter the macroscopic properties of the fluid or the large scale magnetic field. In either case we show that the Sweet-Parker reconnection rate is much faster than an eddy turnover time. Realistic stellar plasmas are expected to either be in the ideal limit (e.g. the solar photosphere) or the resistive limit (most of the solar convection zone). All current numerical simulations of three dimensional MHD turbulence are in the viscous regime and are inapplicable to stars or accretion disks.

E. T. Vishniac

1994-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

286

UBIQUITOUS SOLAR ERUPTIONS DRIVEN BY MAGNETIZED VORTEX TUBES  

SciTech Connect

The solar surface is covered by high-speed jets transporting mass and energy into the solar corona and feeding the solar wind. The most prominent of these jets have been known as spicules. However, the mechanism initiating these eruption events is still unknown. Using realistic numerical simulations we find that small-scale eruptions are produced by ubiquitous magnetized vortex tubes generated by the Sun's turbulent convection in subsurface layers. The swirling vortex tubes (resembling tornadoes) penetrate into the solar atmosphere, capture and stretch background magnetic field, and push the surrounding material up, generating shocks. Our simulations reveal complicated high-speed flow patterns and thermodynamic and magnetic structure in the erupting vortex tubes. The main new results are: (1) the eruptions are initiated in the subsurface layers and are driven by high-pressure gradients in the subphotosphere and photosphere and by the Lorentz force in the higher atmosphere layers; (2) the fluctuations in the vortex tubes penetrating into the chromosphere are quasi-periodic with a characteristic period of 2-5 minutes; and (3) the eruptions are highly non-uniform: the flows are predominantly downward in the vortex tube cores and upward in their surroundings; the plasma density and temperature vary significantly across the eruptions.

Kitiashvili, I. N.; Kosovichev, A. G. [Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Lele, S. K.; Mansour, N. N.; Wray, A. A., E-mail: irinasun@stanford.edu [Center for Turbulence Research, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

287

Thermal Behavior of Floor Tubes in a Kraft Recovery Boiler  

SciTech Connect

The temperatures of floor tubes in a slope-floored black liquor recovery boiler were measured using an array of thermocouples located on the tube crowns. It was found that sudden, short duration temperature increases occurred with a frequency that increased with distance from the spout wall. To determine if the temperature pulses were associated with material falling from the convective section of the boiler, the pattern of sootblower operation was recorded and compared with the pattern of temperature pulses. During the period from September, 1998, through February, 1999, it was found that more than 2/3 of the temperature pulses occurred during the time when one of the fast eight sootblowers, which are directed at the back of the screen tubes and the leading edge of the first superheater bank, was operating.

Barker, R.E.; Choudhury, K.A.; Gorog, J.P.; Hall, L.M.; Keiser, J.R.; Sarma, G.B.

1999-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

288

Cracking of Composite Modified Alloy 825 Primary Air Port Tubes  

SciTech Connect

Twenty primary air ports fabricated from modified Alloy 825-based composite tubes underwent a metallurgical examination to document the mode and extent of cracking on the external fireside surface of a kraft recovery boiler. Collectively, the crack features found are most consistent with thermal fatigue, but corrosion fatigue cannot be ruled out. Regardless of the true cracking mechanism, temperature cycling is implicated as a critical factor for crack propagation. on the basis of the relative crack lengths observed, membrane welds and tube weld repairs, and their adjacent heat-affected zones, appear to be more susceptible to cracking than the cladding itself. This work suggests that mills should avoid boiler operating conditions that promote large temperature fluctuations, which can cause Alloy 825-based composite tubes to crack.

Kish, Joseph R. [Paprican; Keiser, James R [ORNL; Singbeil, Douglas [Paprican; Willoughby, Adam W [ORNL; Longmire, Hu Foster [ORNL

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Ubiquitous Solar Eruptions Driven by Magnetized Vortex Tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The solar surface is covered by high-speed jets transporting mass and energy into the solar corona and feeding the solar wind. The most prominent of these jets have been known as spicules. However, the mechanism initiating these eruptions events is still unknown. Using realistic numerical simulations we find that small-scale eruptions are produced by ubiquitous magnetized vortex tubes generated by the Sun's turbulent convection in subsurface layers. The swirling vortex tubes (resembling tornadoes) penetrate into the solar atmosphere, capture and stretch background magnetic field, and push surrounding material up, generating quasiperiodic shocks. Our simulations reveal a complicated high-speed flow patterns, and thermodynamic and magnetic structure in the erupting vortex tubes. We found that the eruptions are initiated in the subsurface layers and are driven by the high-pressure gradients in the subphotosphere and photosphere, and by the Lorentz force in the higher atmosphere layers.

Kitiashvili, I N; Lele, S K; Mansour, N N; Wray, A A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Summerville Tube Co - PA 24  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summerville Tube Co - PA 24 Summerville Tube Co - PA 24 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: SUMMERVILLE TUBE CO. (PA.24) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Bridgeport , Pennsylvania PA.24-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 PA.24-1 Site Operations: Metal fabrication research and development on uranium metal in the early 1940s - Cold drawing of tuballoy aluminum sheathing. PA.24-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for residual radioactive contamination considered remote due to limited scope of operations and quantity of radioactive material handled PA.24-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium PA.24-1 Radiological Survey(s): None Indicated Site Status: Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP

291

Heat exchanger performance calculations for enhanced-tube condenser applications  

SciTech Connect

The lack of a prediction method is sometimes used for the rejection of enhanced tubes for some condenser applications even though there is ample data from single-tube condensing experiments. Three methods are discussed that can be used to rate and/or size these multitube units based on the single-tube experimental results. The Kern vertical-number correction appears to be quite adequate for most operating conditions, the exceptions being large sizes and/or deep vacuum operation. The bundle-factor method is preferred for these applications; however, field test results are required to obtain this factor. If performance data are not available, pointwise or numerical methods are required but special care must be taken to insure that the adverse effects of noncondensable gas pockets and the saturation-temperature depression are properly addressed.

Rabas, T.J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Heat exchanger performance calculations for enhanced-tube condenser applications  

SciTech Connect

The lack of a prediction method is sometimes used for the rejection of enhanced tubes for some condenser applications even though there is ample data from single-tube condensing experiments. Three methods are discussed that can be used to rate and/or size these multitube units based on the single-tube experimental results. The Kern vertical-number correction appears to be quite adequate for most operating conditions, the exceptions being large sizes and/or deep vacuum operation. The bundle-factor method is preferred for these applications; however, field test results are required to obtain this factor. If performance data are not available, pointwise or numerical methods are required but special care must be taken to insure that the adverse effects of noncondensable gas pockets and the saturation-temperature depression are properly addressed.

Rabas, T.J.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Configuration Management Plan for Tank Farm Restoration and Safe Operations Project W-314 [CANCELLED  

SciTech Connect

The W-314 configuration management (CM) plan describes the systems, processes and procedures for implementing CM.

MCGREW, D.L.

2001-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

294

Evaluation of Heat Losses in Fire Tube Boiler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract – The efficiency of oil fired fire tube boiler was calculated by evaluating the heat losses. Investigation on the performance of the boiler was conducted by examining the heat losses, identifying the reasons for losses, measuring the individual loss and developing a strategy for loss reduction. This study was carried out in Texmaco package horizontal fire tube boiler at Travancore Titanium Products Ltd (TTPL), Trivandrum, Kerala. The boiler efficiency was measured by indirect method. Heat losses in dry flue gas and due to unburned fuel were found to be the major problems. Since they were interrelated, installation of Zirconium oxygen sensor was recommended as a common remedy.

S. Krishnanunni; Josephkunju Paul C; Mathu Potti; Ernest Markose Mathew

295

DOE/ANL/HTRI heat exchanger tube vibration data bank  

SciTech Connect

Development of a new heat exchanger tube vibration data bank at Argonne National Laboratory is described. Comprehensive case histories on heat exchangers that have experienced tube-vibration problems and units that have been trouble-free are accumulated and this information is rendered available for evaluation, improvement, and development of vibration-prediction methods and design guidelines. Discussions include difficulties in generating a data bank, data form development, and solicitation efforts. Also included are 15 case histories upon which the data bank will be built. As new case histories are received, they will be assembled and published as addenda to this report.

Halle, H.; Chenoweth, J.M.; Wambsganss, M.W.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Failure analysis of spiral finned tube on the economizer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article describes the results of an investigation about the failure of spiral finned tube on a newly designed and retrofitted low pressure economizer in a 300 MW pulverized-coal-fired power plant. In order to find out the failure causes and to suggest preventive measures, phase compositions and macrostructure of the tube metal surface were investigated by X-Ray Diffraction and Scanning Electron Microscope equipped with energy dispersive X-Ray spectroscopy micro-analysis. The results show that the failure was principally owing to comprehensive multiphase erosion, an interaction of the fly ash wearing, flue gas washing and sulfurous acid corrosion. Recommendations are given to minimize such failures.

ZhiYuan Liang; QinXin Zhao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Continuation of Studies on Development of ODS Heat Exchanger Tubing  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE), National Energy Technology Center (NETL), has initiated a strategic plan for the development of advanced technologies needed to design and build fossil fuel plants with very high efficiency and environmental performance. These plants, referred to as 'Vision 21' and FutureGen programs by DOE, will produce electricity, chemicals, fuels, or a combination of these products, and possibly secondary products such as steam/heat for industrial use. MA956 is a prime candidate material being considered for a high temperature heat exchanger in the 'Vision 21' and FutureGen programs. This material is an oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) alloy; however, there are some gaps in the data required to commit to the use of these alloys in a full-size plant. To fill the technology gaps for commercial production and use of the material for 'Advanced Power Generation Systems' this project has performed development activity to significant increase in circumferential strength of MA956 as compared to currently available material, investigated bonding technologies for bonding tube-to-tube joints through joining development, and performed tensile, creep and fire-side corrosion tests to validate the use and fabrication processes of MA956 to heat exchanger tubing applications. Development activities within this projected has demonstrated increased circumferential strength of MA956 tubes through flow form processing. Of the six fabrication technologies for bonding tube-to-tube joints, inertia friction welding (IFW) and flash butt welding (FBW) were identified as processes for joining MA956 tubes. Tensile, creep, and fire-side corrosion test data were generated for both base metal and weld joints. The data can be used for design of future systems employing MA956. Based upon the positive development activities, two test probes were designed and fabricated for field exposure testing at 1204 C ({approx}2200 F) flue gas. The probes contained tube portions with FBW and IFW welded MA956. Field testing of the probes and remaining heat exchanger design activity will be performed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory under DOE Contract DE-AC05-00OR22725.

Lawrence Brown; David Workman; Bimal Kad; Gaylord Smith; Archie Robertson; Ian Wright

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

298

Method for forming a layer of synthetic corrosion products on tubing surfaces  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is provided for forming a synthetic corrosion product layer on tube surfaces. The method utilizes two dissimilar materials with different coefficients of thermal expansion. An object tube and sacrificial tube are positioned one inside the other such that an annular region is created between the two tubes' surfaces. A slurry of synthetic corrosion products is injected into this annular region and the assembly is heat treated. This heat causes the tubes to expand, the inner tube with the higher coefficient of expansion expanding more than the outer tube, thereby creating internal pressures which consolidate the corrosion products and adhere the corrosion products to the tubing surfaces. The sacrificial tube may then be removed by conventional chemical etching or mechanical methods.

Lane, Michael H. (Clifton Park, NY); Salamon, Eugene J. M. (Clifton Park, NY)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Analysis of Natural Gas Fuel Cell Plant Configurations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis of Natur Analysis of Natur al Gas Fuel Cell Plant Configur ations March 24, 2011 DOE/NETL-2011/1486 Analysis of Natur al Gas Fuel Cell Plant Configur ations Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,

300

Deep Trek Re-configurable Processor for Data Acquisition (RPDA)  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes technical progress achieved during the cooperative research agreement between Honeywell and U.S. Department of Energy to develop a high-temperature Re-configurable Processor for Data Acquisition (RPDA). The RPDA development has incorporated multiple high-temperature (225C) electronic components within a compact co-fired ceramic Multi-Chip-Module (MCM) package. This assembly is suitable for use in down-hole oil and gas applications. The RPDA module is programmable to support a wide range of functionality. Specifically this project has demonstrated functional integrity of the RPDA package and internal components, as well as functional integrity of the RPDA configured to operate as a Multi-Channel Data Acquisition Controller. This report reviews the design considerations, electrical hardware design, MCM package design, considerations for manufacturing assembly, test and screening, and results from prototype assembly and characterization testing.

Bruce Ohme; Michael Johnson

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

D-brane Configurations for Domain Walls and Their Webs  

SciTech Connect

Supersymmetric U(NC) gauge theory with NF massive hypermultiplets in the fundamental representation admits various BPS solitons like domain walls and their webs. In the first part we show as a review of the previous paper that domain walls are realized as kinky fractional D3-branes interpolating between separated D7-branes. In the second part we discuss brane configurations for domain wall webs. This is a contribution to the conference based on the talk given by MN.

Eto, Minoru; Isozumi, Youichi; Nitta, Muneto; Ohashi, Keisuke; Sakai, Norisuke [Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan); Ohta, Kazutoshi [Theoretical Physics Laboratory, Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)

2005-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

302

Advanced configurations for leakage reduction in a labyrinth seal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Stocker (1975) experimentally studied various advanced labyrinth seal configu- rations which reduce leakage by increasing the internal seal cavity turbulence. Air bubbles were used as the visualization medium and turbulence was visually evaluated...ADVANCED CONFIGURATIONS FOR LEAKAGE REDUCTION IN A LABYRINTH SEAL A Thesis by SHARATH B. VELDANDA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...

Veldanda, Sharath B.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

303

Analytic energy gradients for constrained DFT-configuration interaction  

SciTech Connect

The constrained density functional theory-configuration interaction (CDFT-CI) method has previously been used to calculate ground-state energies and barrier heights, and to describe electronic excited states, in particular conical intersections. However, the method has been limited to evaluating the electronic energy at just a single nuclear configuration, with the gradient of the energy being available only via finite difference. In this paper, we present analytic gradients of the CDFT-CI energy with respect to nuclear coordinates, which gives the potential for accurate geometry optimization and molecular dynamics on both the ground and excited electronic states, a realm which is currently quite challenging for electronic structure theory. We report the performance of CDFT-CI geometry optimization for representative reaction transition states as well as molecules in an excited state. The overall accuracy of CDFT-CI for computing barrier heights is essentially unchanged whether the energies are evaluated at geometries obtained from quadratic configuration-interaction singles and doubles (QCISD) or CDFT-CI, indicating that CDFT-CI produces very good reaction transition states. These results open up tantalizing possibilities for future work on excited states.

Kaduk, Benjamin; Tsuchimochi, Takashi; Van Voorhis, Troy, E-mail: tvan@mit.edu [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

304

Chaotic motion of charged particles in toroidal magnetic configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the motion of a charged particle in a tokamak magnetic field and discuss its chaotic nature. Contrary to most of recent studies, we do not make any assumption on any constant of the motion and solve numerically the cyclotron gyration using Hamiltonian formalism. We take advantage of a symplectic integrator allowing us to make long-time simulations. First considering an idealized magnetic configuration, we add a non generic perturbation corresponding to a magnetic ripple, breaking one of the invariant of the motion. Chaotic motion is then observed and opens questions about the link between chaos of magnetic field lines and chaos of particle trajectories. Second, we return to a axi-symmetric configuration and tune the safety factor (magnetic configuration) in order to recover chaotic motion. In this last setting with two constants of the motion, the presence of chaos implies that no third global constant exists, we highlight this fact by looking at variations of the first order of the magnetic moment in this chaotic setting. We are facing a mixed phase space with both regular and chaotic regions and point out the difficulties in performing a global reduction such as gyrokinetics.

Benjamin Cambon; Xavier Leoncini; Michel Vittot; Rémi Dumont; Xavier Garbet

2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

305

Measure Guideline: Optimizing the Configuration of Flexible Duct Junction Boxes  

SciTech Connect

This measure guideline offers additional recommendations to heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system designers for optimizing flexible duct, constant-volume HVAC systems using junction boxes within Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA) Manual D guidance (Rutkowski, H. Manual D -- Residential Duct Systems, 3rd edition, Version 1.00. Arlington, VA: Air Conditioning Contractors of America, 2009.). IBACOS used computational fluid dynamics software to explore and develop guidance to better control the airflow effects of factors that may impact pressure losses within junction boxes among various design configurations (Beach, R., Prahl, D., and Lange, R. CFD Analysis of Flexible Duct Junction Box Design. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, submitted for publication 2013). These recommendations can help to ensure that a system aligns more closely with the design and the occupants' comfort expectations. Specifically, the recommendations described herein show how to configure a rectangular box with four outlets, a triangular box with three outlets, metal wyes with two outlets, and multiple configurations for more than four outlets. Designers of HVAC systems, contractors who are fabricating junction boxes on site, and anyone using the ACCA Manual D process for sizing duct runs will find this measure guideline invaluable for more accurately minimizing pressure losses when using junction boxes with flexible ducts.

Beach, R.; Burdick, A.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

RESEARCH ARTICLE OPEN ACCESS CFD Studies on Multi Lead Rifled [MLR] Boiler Tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reports the merits of multi lead rifled [MLR] tubes in vertical water tube boiler using CFD tool. Heat transfer enhancement of MLR tubes was mainly taken in to consideration. Performance of multi lead rifled tube was studied by varying its influencing geometrical parameter like number of rifling, height of rifling, length of pitch of rifling for a particular length. The heat transfer analysis was done at operating conditions of an actual coal fired water tube boiler situated at Apollo Tyres LTD, Chalakudy, India for saturated process steam production. The results showed that the heat transfer increased when compared with existing inner plane wall water tubes.

Dr T C Mohankumar; Nice Thomachan

307

Method and apparatus for remote tube crevice detection by current and voltage probe resistance measurement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for determining the extent of contact between an electrically conducting tube and an electrically conductive tubesheet surrounding the tube, based upon the electrical resistance of the tube and tubesheet. A constant current source is applied to the interior of the electrically conducting tube by probes and a voltmeter is connected between other probes to measure the voltage at the point of current injection, which is inversely proportional to the amount of contact between the tube and tubesheet. Namely, the higher the voltage measured by the voltmeter, the less contact between the tube and tubesheet. 4 figs.

Kikta, T.J.; Mitchell, R.D.

1992-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

308

Method and apparatus for remote tube crevice detection by current and voltage probe resistance measurement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for determining the extent of contact between an electrically conducting tube and an electrically conductive tubesheet surrounding the tube, based upon the electrical resistance of the tube and tubesheet. A constant current source is applied to the interior of the electrically conducting tube by probes and a voltmeter is connected between other probes to measure the voltage at the point of current injection, which is inversely proportional to the amount of contact between the tube and tubesheet. Namely, the higher the voltage measured by the voltmeter, the less contact between the tube and tubesheet.

Kikta, Thomas J. (Pittsburgh, PA); Mitchell, Ronald D. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Experimental and numerical investigation on air-side performance of fin-and-tube heat exchangers with various fin patterns  

SciTech Connect

Air-side heat transfer and friction characteristics of five kinds of fin-and-tube heat exchangers, with the number of tube rows (N = 12) and the diameter of tubes (D{sub o} = 18 mm), have been experimentally investigated. The test samples consist of five types of fin configurations: crimped spiral fin, plain fin, slit fin, fin with delta-wing longitudinal vortex generators (VGs) and mixed fin with front 6-row vortex-generator fin and rear 6-row slit fin. The heat transfer and friction factor correlations for different types of heat exchangers were obtained with the Reynolds numbers ranging from 4000 to 10000. It was found that crimped spiral fin provides higher heat transfer and pressure drop than the other four fins. The air-side performance of heat exchangers with the above five fins has been evaluated under three sets of criteria and it was shown that the heat exchanger with mixed fin (front vortex-generator fin and rear slit fin) has better performance than that with fin with delta-wing vortex generators, and the slit fin offers best heat transfer performance at high Reynolds numbers. Based on the correlations of numerical data, Genetic Algorithm optimization was carried out, and the optimization results indicated that the increase of VG attack angle or length, or decrease of VG height may enhance the performance of vortex-generator fin. The heat transfer performances for optimized vortex-generator fin and slit fin at hand have been compared with numerical method. (author)

Tang, L.H.; Zeng, M.; Wang, Q.W. [State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049 (China)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

310

Thermally Induced Stresses in Functionally Graded Thick Tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

thermal barrier coating for high temperature applications, a discrete layer of ceramic material is bondedThermally Induced Stresses in Functionally Graded Thick Tubes Senthil S. Vel and Rajeev Baskiyar method to obtain the temperature, displacements and thermal stresses. In addition to the thermal

Vel, Senthil

311

Knot energy in unstretching ergodic magnetic flux tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently Titov et al [ApJ \\textbf{693},(2009) and ApJ (2007)] have made use of a covariant model to investigate magnetic reconnection of astrophysical plasmas. Earlier R Ricca [Phys Rev A (1991)] has used another covariant formalism, to investigated vortex filaments and solitons. This formalism, called Ricci rotation coefficients (RRC), is applied here, to the Chui and Moffatt [PRSA (1995)] knotted magnetic flux tube (MFT) Riemann metric in the case of vanishing stretch. It is shown that, the vanishing of some components of the (RRC) leads to unstretching knotted tubes. Computing of magnetic knot energy in terms of the RCC, shows that, uniform, unstretching and constant cross-section tubes leads to a marginal dynamo action over magnetic surfaces. Recent investigation on the role of stretching in plasma dynamo action showed that in diffusive media [Phys Plasma \\textbf{14} (2008)], unstretching unknotted tubes would not support fast dynamo action. This result was generalized here to much more general knotted MF...

de Andrade, Garcia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Ultrasonic Concentration in a Line-Driven Cylindrical Tube  

SciTech Connect

The fractionation of particles from their suspending fluid or noninvasive micromanipulation of particles in suspension has many applications ranging from the recovery of valuable reagents from process flows to the fabrication of microelectromechanical devices. Techniques based on size, density, solubility, or electromagnetic properties exist for fulfilling these needs, but many particles have traits that preclude their use such as small size, neutral buoyancy, or uniform electromagnetic characteristics. While separation by those techniques may not be possible, often compressibility differences exist between the particle and fluid that would allow fractionation by acoustic forces. The potential of acoustic separation is known, but due to inherent difficulties in achieving and maintaining accurate alignment of the transduction system, it is rarely utilized. The objective of this project is to investigate the use of structural excitation as a potentially efficient concentration/fractionation method for particles in suspension. It is demonstrated that structural excitation of a cylindrically symmetric cavity, such as a tube, allows non-invasive, fast, and low power concentration of particles suspended in a fluid. The inherent symmetry of the system eliminates the need for careful alignment inherent in current acoustic concentration devices. Structural excitation distributes the acoustic field throughout the volume of the cavity, which also significantly reduces temperature gradients and acoustic streaming in the fluid; cavitation is no longer an issue. The lowest-order coupled modes of a long cylindrical glass tube and fluid-filled cavity, driven by a line contact, are tuned, via material properties and aspect ratio, to achieve a coupled dipolar vibration of the system, shown to generate efficient concentration of particles to the central axis of the tube. A two dimensional elastodynamic model of the system was developed and subsequently utilized to optimize particle concentration within the system. The effects of tubing, fluid, and particle material properties, tube geometry, fluid flow, and tube length on the structural excitation and consequently power requirements and concentration quality within the tube were investigated theoretically and experimentally. Limitations of the method are discussed, as well as ways to minimize or compensate for deleterious effects. Finally a preliminary demonstration of the efficacy of acoustic concentration is presented.

G.R. Goddard

2004-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

313

MEE 452: Example 3-2 ShellShell--andand--Tube Heat Exchanger Analysis:Tube Heat Exchanger Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

properties (var. T) corrections UA, NTU & = #12;MathCAD S&T HX analysis 6 of 7 HX effectiveness = Qduty & Th minmaxminmax min ,;; ,min)()( C C NTU C UA NTU TC q q q CCCcmCcmC UA CHCpCHpH #12;Tube arrangement in shell

Kostic, Milivoje M.

314

Heat Transfer at Low Temperatures between Tube Walls and Gases in Turbulent Flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...September 1947 research-article Heat Transfer at Low Temperatures between Tube...counter-flow system to study heat transfer between tube walls and gases at...Determinations on friction accompanying heat transfer with gases in turbulent flow at...

1947-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Investigation into the Probable Cause of Failure of Economizer Tube of a Thermal Power Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this investigation, we examined the probable cause of failure of a welded joint of a economizer tube of a 210 MW thermal power ... scanning electron microscopic (SEM) examination of the economizer tube were ca...

Atanu Saha; H. Roy; A. K. Shukla

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Affecting the Gross Cooling Power of a Pulse Tube Cryocooler with Mass Flow Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To increase the cooling capacity of a pulse tube cryocooler the ... For a given pulse tube volume the gross cooling power is limited. Since the cooling effect originates from the phase shift angle ... we present ...

A. Waldauf; T. Schmauder; M. Thürk; P. Seidel

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Analysis and restoration of a 1960s ear vacuum tube AM-FM reflex receiver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis details the analysis, restoration, and evaluation of a 1960s era vacuum tube AM-FM reflex receiver. External influences such as tax laws necessitated clever designs to minimize the use of expensive vacuum tubes ...

Golden, Adam J

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

E-Print Network 3.0 - aspiration neural tube Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

into the buffer 3. Transfer cell material into large glass tube 4. Add 1 ml CHCl3. Vortex 30 sec... and allow tubes to sit until phases separate. The rate of phase separate can...

319

Structure, ultrastructure, and histochemistry of the pollen tube pathway in the milkweed Asclepias exaltata L.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structure of the gynoecium and pollen tube pathway in unpollinated and pollinated carpels of Asclepias exaltata...L. has been characterized. Pollen tubes penetrate a dry-type stigma, grow intercellularly in a...

Tammy L. Sage; Elizabeth G. Williams

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Formation and Characterization of Hydride Blisters in Zircaloy-4 Cladding Tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a CANDU Zircaloy-2 pressure tube along an array of hydride blisters on the external surface is the material that replaced Zircaloy-2 alloy for pressure tubes in the CANDU reactors. In all these studies

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Measurements of Plasma Jets and Collimated Flux Tubes that are the Precursors of Spheromak Self-organization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A magnetized planar coaxial plasma gun is used to study the physics of spheromak formation. Eight magnetic flux tubes spanning from...the pile-up of this flux in the flux tube causes the flux tube to become colli...

P. M. Bellan; S. You; G. S. Yun

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Characterization of syngas laminar flames using the Bunsen burner configuration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Laminar flame speeds of syngas mixtures (H2/CO/Air) have been studied using the Bunsen flame configuration with both straight and nozzle burners. The flame surface area and flame cone angle methodologies, respectively based on the OH* chemiluminescence and Schlieren imaging techniques, have been performed to extract flame speeds for a wide range of equivalence ratios (0.3 syngas flames with 0.6 < ? < 1.0 and 10% < %H2 < 70% is proposed. A particular attention has been devoted to the development and validation of the OH* chemiluminescence methodology with the identification of important parameters governing the measurement accuracy.

N. Bouvet; C. Chauveau; I. Gökalp; S.-Y. Lee; R.J. Santoro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Vortex configurations of bosons in an optical lattice  

SciTech Connect

The single-vortex problem in a strongly correlated bosonic system is investigated self-consistently within the mean-field theory of the Bose-Hubbard model. Near the superfluid-Mott-insulator transition, the vortex core has a tendency toward the Mott-insulating phase, with the core particle density approaching the nearest commensurate value. If the nearest-neighbor repulsion exists, the charge-density wave order may develop locally in the core. The evolution of the vortex configuration from the strong- to weak-coupling regions is studied. This phenomenon can be observed in systems of rotating ultracold atoms in optical lattices and Josephson-junction arrays.

Wu Congjun; Zhang Shoucheng [Department of Physics, McCullough Building, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-4045 (United States); Chen Handong [Department of Applied Physics, McCullough Building, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-4045 (United States); Hu Jiangpiang [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095-1547 (United States)

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Wing in surface effect ship with canard configuration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wing in surface effect ship (WISES) is a high-speed ship which supports its weight with an aerodynamic wing in very low altitude flight. The ship utilises the enhanced performance of wing in proximity to the water, according to the same mechanism as ground effect. The authors propose a canard-type WISES as a suitable concept for commercialisation. This concept has many advantages for conventional airplane-like configurations, especially for taking off and alighting on water. This paper describes the canard concept, its self-propulsion model tests and the preliminary designs for actual ships.

Hiromichi Akimoto; Syozo Kubo; Makoto Kanehira

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Reconnection during the implosion phase of field reversed configurations  

SciTech Connect

Magnetic field topology changes in Field Reversed Configurations (FRC's) are essential for the formation and containment of the plasma. A significant part of the FRC research program relies upon the idea that a newly formed plasma, formed on open field lines will quickly change field topology before the rapid parallel electron thermal conduction depletes the plasma energy. We have simulated the implosion dynamics of FRC formation using an axisymmetric hybrid model consisting of kinetic ions and finite resistivity fluid electrons. The LASL FRC experiments are well described by our model, which assumes quasineutrality, zero electron inertia, and no electromagnetic radiation.

Hewett, D.W.; Seyler, C.E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Quasi-isodynamic Configuration With N = 12 and High {beta}  

SciTech Connect

Results of an optimization toward quasi-isodynamicity for a stellarator with a comparatively large number of periods, N = 12, are presented. The following set of physics properties to be achieved was used: 1) good long-time collisionless confinement of {alpha}-particles; 2) small neoclassical transport in the 1/{nu} regime; 3) small bootstrap current; 4) high stability-{beta} limit. As a result, the boundary magnetic surface of a configuration is found that satisfies the above requirements for <{beta}> {approx_equal} 20%.

Mikhailov, M. I.; Isaev, M. Yu.; Subbotin, A. A.; Shafranov, V. D. [Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow (Russian Federation); Nuehrenberg, C.; Nuehrenberg, J.; Zille, R. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, IPP-EURATOM Association (Germany); Cooper, A. [CRPP, Association Euratom-Confederation Suisse, EPFL, Lausanne (Switzerland)

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

327

Mac configuration management at the Los Alamos National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) had a need for central configuration management of non-Windows computers. LANL has three to five thousand Macs and an equal number of Linux based systems. The primary goal was to be able to inventory all non-windows systems and patch Mc OS X systems. LANL examined a number of commercial and open source solutions and ultimately selected Puppet. This paper will discuss why we chose Puppet, how we implemented it, and some lessons we learned along the way.

Marcus, Allan B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Investigation of a Single Stage Four-Valve Pulse Tube Refrigerator for High Cooling Power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss the optimization of a pulse tube refrigerator for high cooling power. Our approach is to increase the system...

T. Schmauder; A. Waldauf; M. Thürk; R. Wagner; P. Seidel

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Superheater Tube Corrosion in Wood Gasifier Ash Deposits  

SciTech Connect

The upper operating temperature of tubes in heat exchangers/steam generators is strongly influenced by the degradation that can occur because of the reaction of the exchanger/generator tubing with the deposits that accumulate on the surface of the tubes. In fact, severe corrosion has been observed in some biomass fired systems, particularly with elevated potassium and chlorine concentrations in the deposits. Wood gasifiers have recently been and are currently being constructed at several sites in North America. In these systems, the syngas is burned to produce steam and the performance of the heat exchanger tubes under ash deposits is of great concern. As temperatures of the heat exchangers are increased in an effort to increase their operating efficiency, the performance of the tubes is of greater interest. The corrosion behavior of alloy steel tubes as a function of temperature has been investigated by exposing samples of selected alloys to ash collected from the steam generator fired by syngas produced in wood gasifiers. This study compares corrosion rates from laboratory exposures of synthesis gas and ash at 500 C and 600 C. This study investigated the material performance of four ferritic steels and one austenitic steel exposed to conditions expected on the fireside of a wood gasifier. The purpose of this study was to identify an effective method for determining material performance for samples exposed to both the process gas and the fly ash that is typically observed within the steam generator for times up to 1000 hours. Mass changes were measured for all of the samples, but this information can be misleading concerning material performance due to the difficulty in sufficiently cleaning the samples after exposure in the ash. Therefore, small cross sections of the samples were collected and imaged using optical microscopy. Oxide thicknesses were measured along with metal losses. The metal loss information provides a clear indication of material performance. The metal loss rates for the ferritic steels at 500 C were almost half of those observed at 600 C and the rates decreased with increasing exposure time. It was also reported that the metal loss rates generally decrease with increasing chromium concentration.

Bestor, Michael A [ORNL] [ORNL; Keiser, James R [ORNL] [ORNL; Meisner, Roberta A [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Heat Transfer Measurements for a Horizontal Micro-Tube Using Liquid Crystal Thermography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

62 TC02-007 Heat Transfer Measurements for a Horizontal Micro-Tube Using Liquid Crystal-tube and 1000m micro-tube. In the single-phase heat transfer experiments, the fully-developed flow heat transfer were also measured using thermocouples (TC). The results showed that the heat transfer coefficient

Ghajar, Afshin J.

331

Reduced adhesion of human blood platelets to polyethylene tubing by microplasma surface modification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reduced adhesion of human blood platelets to polyethylene tubing by microplasma surface of small-diameter polyethylene (PE) tubing. A microwave cavity diagnostic was used to measure the density tubing and the emitted light intensity was found. A poly(ethylene oxide) surfactant was immobilized

von Andrian, Ulrich H.

332

Augmentation of condensation heat transfer with electrohydrodynamics on vertical enhanced tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

condensation heat transfer performance on the outside surface of enhanced tubes. R-1 13 is the working fluid. Korodense (3.81 cm O.D.) and Turbo CIII (1.905 cm O.D.) enhanced tubes were tested. Smooth tubes (3.81 cm and 1.905 cm O.D.) served as the basis...

Motte, Edouard

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Analysis of cracking of co-extruded recovery boiler floor tubes  

SciTech Connect

Cracking of the stainless steel layer in co-extruded 304L/SA210 tubing used in black liquor recovery boilers is being found in an ever-increasing number of North American pulp and paper mills. Because of the possibility of a tube failure, this is a significant safety issue, and, because of the extra time required for tube inspection and repair, this can become an economic issue as well. In a project funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and given wide support among paper companies, boiler manufacturers, and tube fabricators, studies are being conducted to determine the cause of the cracking and to identify alternate materials and/or operating procedures to prevent tube cracking. Examination of cracked tubes has permitted characterization of crack features, and transmission electron microscopy is providing information about the thermal history, particularly cyclic thermal exposures, that tubes have experienced. Neutron and x-ray diffraction techniques are being used to determine the residual stresses in as-fabricated tube panels and exposed tubes, and finite element modeling is providing information about the stresses the tubes experience during operation. Laboratory studies are being conducted to determine the susceptibility of the co-extruded 304L/SA210 tubes to stress corrosion cracking, thermal fatigue, and corrosion in molten smelt. This paper presents the current status of these studies. On the basis of all of these studies, recommendations for means to prevent tube cracking will be offered.

Keiser, J.R.; Taljat, B.; Wang, X.L. [and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Shaft Siting and Configuration for Flexible Operating Mode  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document as stated in the ''Technical Work Plan for Subsurface Design Section FY 01 Work Activities'' (CRWMS M&O 2001a, pg. 14) is to review and evaluate the most current concepts for shaft siting and configuration. The locations of the shaft sites will be evaluated in reference to the overall subsurface ventilation layout shown in Figure 1. The scope will include discussions on pad size requirements, shaft construction components such as collars, shaft stations, sumps, ground support and linings, head frames, fan ducting and facility equipping. In addition to these, shaft excavation methodologies and integration with the overall subsurface construction schedule will be described. The Technical Work Plan (TWP), (CRWMS M&O 2001a), for this document has been prepared in accordance with AP-2.21Q, ''Quality Determinations and Planning for Scientific, Engineering and Regulatory Compliance Activities''. This document will be prepared in accordance with AP-3.10Q, ''Analysis and Models''. This document contributes to Site Recommendation (SR). The intended use of this document is to provide an analysis for shaft siting and configuration criteria for subsequent construction. This document identifies preliminary design concepts that should not be used for procurement, fabrication, or construction.

Robert Boutin

2001-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

335

Electrostatic spherically symmetric configurations in gravitating nonlinear electrodynamics  

SciTech Connect

We perform a study of the gravitating electrostatic spherically symmetric (G-ESS) solutions of Einstein field equations minimally coupled to generalized nonlinear Abelian gauge models in three space dimensions. These models are defined by Lagrangian densities which are general functions of the gauge field invariants, restricted by some physical conditions of admissibility. They include the class of nonlinear electrodynamics supporting electrostatic spherically symmetric (ESS) nontopological soliton solutions in absence of gravity. We establish that the qualitative structure of the G-ESS solutions of admissible models is fully characterized by the asymptotic and central-field behaviors of their ESS solutions in flat space (or, equivalently, by the behavior of the Lagrangian densities in vacuum and on the point of the boundary of their domain of definition, where the second gauge invariant vanishes). The structure of these G-ESS configurations for admissible models supporting divergent-energy ESS solutions in flat space is qualitatively the same as in the Reissner-Nordstroem case. In contrast, the G-ESS configurations of the models supporting finite-energy ESS solutions in flat space exhibit new qualitative features, which are discussed in terms of the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner mass, the charge, and the soliton energy. Most of the results concerning well-known models, such as the electrodynamics of Maxwell, Born-Infeld, and the Euler-Heisenberg effective Lagrangian of QED, minimally coupled to gravitation, are shown to be corollaries of general statements of this analysis.

Diaz-Alonso, J.; Rubiera-Garcia, D. [LUTH, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, , USAUniversite Paris Diderot, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon (France) and Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Oviedo, Avda. Calvo Sotelo 18, E-33007 Oviedo, Asturias (Spain)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

336

Current Speed in a Magnetic Annular Shock Tube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A parametric study of the speeds of the current sheet and center?of?gravity of current in a magnetic annular shock tube has been carried out. The parameters varied include: (1) the drive current (2) the polarity of the inner electrode (3) the gas pressure (4) the nature of the gas (5) the radius of the inner electrode and (6) the material of the inner electrode. The most interesting result of the investigation was the observation of limiting speeds for the current sheet and center?of?gravity of current of approximately 8 cm/?sec and 3 cm/?sec respectively. These speeds were not exceeded even under conditions where the magnetic pressure exceeded the dynamic pressure by a factor of 10. The most probable explanation of the limiting speed is that it is due to the inertial drag of material ablated from the insulator at the driver end of the shock tube.

James Keck

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Detailed structure of spinning detonation in a circular tube  

SciTech Connect

A single spinning detonation wave propagating in a circular tube, discovered experimentally in 1926, is simulated three-dimensionally with a detailed chemical reaction mechanism. The detonation front obtained numerically rotates periodically with a Mach leg, whiskers, and a transverse detonation. A long pressure trail, which is distributed from the transverse detonation to downstream, was reproduced, clearly showing that the pressure trail also spins synchronously with the transverse detonation. The formation of an unburned gas pocket behind the detonation front was not observed in the present simulations because the rotating transverse detonation completely consumed the unburned gas. The calculated profiles of instantaneous OH mass fraction have a keystone shape behind the detonation front. The numerical results for pitch, track angle, Mach stem angle, and incident shock angle on the tube wall agree well with the experimental results. (author)

Tsuboi, N. [Space Transportation Engineering Department, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Yoshinodai 3-1-1, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510 (Japan); Eto, K.; Hayashi, A.K. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aoyama Gakuin University, Fuchinobe 5-10-1, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8558 (Japan)

2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

338

Boiler tube failures in municipal waste-to-energy plants  

SciTech Connect

Waste-to-energy plants experienced increased boiler tube failures when the design changed from waste-heat boilers to radiant furnace waterwalls using superheat. Fireside attack by chlorine and sulfur compounds in refuse combustion products caused many forced outages in early European plants operating at high steam temperatures and pressures. Despite conservative steam conditions in the first US plants, failures occurred. As steam temperatures increased, corrosion problems multiplied. The problems have been alleviated by covering the waterwalls with either refractory or weld overlays of nickel-based alloys and using high nickel-chromium alloys for superheater tubes. Changes in furnace design to provide uniform combustion and avoid reducing conditions in the waterwall zone and to lower the gas temperature in the superheater also have helped minimize corrosion.

Krause, H.H.; Wright, I.G. [Battelle, Columbus, OH (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Friction Tests in Magnesium Tube Hydroforming at Elevated Temperatures  

SciTech Connect

In metal forming, lubricants have a variety of functions. The top priority is usually reduction of friction in order to increase the formability of the materials and reduce tool wear. Because magnesium alloys have very poor formability at room temperature, it is essential to manufacture a part from Magnesium alloys at elevated temperatures. The aim of this paper is to present a friction test method to evaluate the performance of different kinds of lubricants and determine their coefficients of friction at elevated temperatures in tube hydroforming of magnesium alloys. A self-designed experimental apparatus is used to carry out the experiments of friction tests. The coefficient of friction between the tube and die at guiding zone is determined. The effects of the internal pressure, the axial feeding velocity and temperatures on the friction forces and coefficients of friction for different lubricants are discussed.

Hwang, Yeong-Maw; Wang, Kuo-Hsing; Kuo, Tsung-Yu [National Sun Yat-Sen University-Department of Mechanical and Electro-mechanical Engineering, No.70, Lien-Hai Rd., Kaohsiung, Taiwan (China)

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

340

The high-voltage substation configuration influence on the estimated lightning performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The substation configuration has a great influence on the ... at the lines connected in front of the substations. In most of the analyses the critical substation configuration is assumed with only one connected ....

Z. Stojkovi?; M. S. Savi?

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432 "Import". #12;Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000 3 · Select

Blackwell, Keith

342

Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000 2 · Create a new". #12;Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432

Blackwell, Keith

343

Steady-state and equilibrium vortex configurations, transitions, and evolution in a mesoscopic superconducting cylinder  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that the system passes through nearly metastable intermediate configurations while seeking the final minimum-energy steady state consistent with the square symmetry of the sample. An efficient scheme to determine the equilibrium vortex configuration in a...

Kim, S.; Hu, Chia-Ren; Andrews, MJ.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Determination of the Number of Tube Rows to Obtain Closure for Volume Averaging Theory Based Model of Fin-and-Tube Heat Exchangers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fig. 3 Journal of Heat Transfer Grid system for 2-row caseDomain and Grid System. Since the fin-and- tube heat

Zhou, Feng; Hansen, Nicholas E; Geb, David J; Catton, Ivan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Low Power Photomultiplier Tube Circuit And Method Thereor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrical circuit for a photomultiplier tube (PMT) is disclosed that reduces power consumption to a point where the PMT may be powered for extended periods with a battery. More specifically, the invention concerns a PMT circuit comprising a low leakage switch and a high voltage capacitor positioned between a resistive divider and each of the PMT dynodes, and a low power control scheme for recharging the capacitors.

Bochenski, Edwin B. (Tracy, CA); Skinner, Jack L. (Brentwood, CA); Dentinger, Paul M. (Sunol, CA); Lindblom, Scott C. (Tracy, CA)

2006-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

346

Sandjet- A New Alternative for Cleaning Furnace Tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Industrial Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April 26-29, 1981 The reaction in which oxygen combines with carbon to form carbon dioxide (C02) is a very efficient way of removing carbonaceous material. Since it is highly exothermic, steam is added... of tube walls. Shot peening is normally considered to be a superficial stress relieving technique and Sandjet cleaning can be considered to be analogous to in-place shot peening. Steam-air decoking previously described involves the exothermic reaction...

Pollock, C. B.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Flowrate effects upon adsorption in a charcoal sampling tube  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REFERENCES 1. Taylor, D. : NIOSH Manual of Anal tical Methods, 2nd Ed. National Institute for Occupatsona Safety and Hea th, Cincinnati (1977). 2. Bloomfield, B. D. in Air Sam lin Instruments for Evaluation of Atmos heric Contaminants, 5th Ed. pg. B-6... 28. Nader, J. S. in Air Sam lin Instruments for Evaluation of Atmos- heric Contaminants, 5th Ed. , pg. J-6. American Conference of overnmental Industrial Hygienists, Cincinnati (1978). APPENDIX A SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE NIOSH APPROVED SAMPLING TUBE...

Bolton, Fredric Newell

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Rotor for processing liquids using movable capillary tubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotor assembly for processing liquids, especially whole blood samples, is disclosed. The assembly includes apparatus for separating non-liquid components of whole blood samples from liquid components, apparatus for diluting the separated liquid component with a diluent and apparatus for transferring the diluted sample to an external apparatus for analysis. The rotor assembly employs several movable capillary tubes to handle the sample and diluents. A method for using the rotor assembly to process liquids is also described. 5 figs.

Johnson, W.F.; Burtis, C.A.; Walker, W.A.

1987-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

349

Information Resources: CALiPER: Troffers, Kits, and Tubes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CALiPER: Troffers, Kits, and Tubes CALiPER: Troffers, Kits, and Tubes This June 20, 2013 webcast reviewed the recently completed CALiPER Exploratory Study, Recessed Troffer Lighting, in which a group of lighting designers, engineers, and facility managers compared the performance of conventional fluorescent troffers with T8 LED tube retrofits, LED retrofit kits, and dedicated LED troffers. Troffers (1'×4', 2'×2', and 2'×4') comprise more than half of all luminaires installed in commercial applications, so switching to LED technology has the potential to yield significant energy and environmental benefits. During the webcast, Naomi Miller of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory explored troffer lighting as used in office and classroom spaces, and discussed not only documented performance in measures that go beyond illuminance and luminaire efficacy, but also new design considerations for LED troffers and LED retrofit products, and the kinds of testing and certification to look for in order to get the best results from these products.

350

Modelling Sawing of Metal Tubes Through FEM Simulation  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents the development of a numerical model of the sawing process of AISI 304 thin tubes, which is cut through a circular blade with alternating roughing and finishing teeth. The numerical simulation environment is the three-dimensional FEM software Deform v.10.1. The teeth actual trajectories were determined by a blade kinematics analysis developed in Matlab. Due to the manufacturing rolling steps and subsequent welding stage, the tube material is characterized by a gradient of properties along its thickness. Consequently, a simplified cutting test was set up and carried out in order to identify the values of relevant material parameters to be used in the numerical model. The dedicated test was the Orthogonal Tube Cutting test (OTC), which was performed on an instrumented lathe. The proposed numerical model was validated by comparing numerical results and experimental data obtained from sawing tests carried out on an industrial machine. The following outputs were compared: the cutting force, the chip thickness, and the chip contact area.

Bort, C. M. Giorgio; Bosetti, P.; Bruschi, S. [Department of Mechanical and Structural Engineering, University of Trento, via Mesiano 77, 38123 Trento (Italy)

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

351

Superior Corrosion Resistance Properties of TiN-Based Coatings on Zircaloy Tubes in Supercritical Water  

SciTech Connect

Thin films of TiN and Ti0.35Al0.65N nanocomposite were deposited on polished Zircaloy-4 tubes. After exposure to supercritical water for 48 h, the coated tubes are remarkably intact, while the bare uncoated tube shows severe oxidation and breakaway corrosion. X-ray diffraction patterns, secondary electron images, backscattered electron images, and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy data from the tube surfaces and cross-sections show that a protective oxide, formed on the film surface, effectively prevents further oxidation and corrosion to the Zircaloy-4 tubes. This result demonstrates the effectiveness of thin film ceramics as protective coatings under extreme environments.

Fauzia Khatkhatay; Liang Jiao; Jie Jian; Zhijie Jiao; Hongbin Zhang; Jian Gan; Haiyan Wang; Wenrui Zhang; Xinghang Zhang

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Configuration Management Plan for Tank Farm Restoration and Safe Operations Project W-314  

SciTech Connect

The Configuration Management Plan for Project W-314 describes the systems, processes and procedures for implementation of applicable configuration management practices described in HNF-0842, Volume 111, Section 3.1, ''Configuration Management Implementation''. This plan is tailored specifically for use by Project W-314.

MCGREW, D.L.

2000-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

353

A Framework for Rapid Development of Advanced Web-based Configurator Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

¨ucken, Germany from configurable sub-products supplied by highly-specialised providers. Due to organisational successfully applied in industrial environments. These systems support the configuration of complex products as well as distributed configuration of products in a supply chain. The developed tools and techniques

Ardissono, Liliana

354

Direct Measurements of Pore Fluid Density by Vibrating Tube Densimetry  

SciTech Connect

The densities of pore-confined fluids were measured for the first time by means of a vibrating tube method. Isotherms of total adsorption capacity were measured directly making the method complementary to the conventional gravimetric or volumetric/piezometric adsorption techniques, which yield the excess adsorption (the Gibbsian surface excess). A custom-made high-pressure, high-temperature vibrating tube densimeter (VTD) was used to measure the densities of subcritical and supercritical propane (between 35 C and 97 C) and supercritical carbon dioxide (between 32 C and 50 C) saturating hydrophobic silica aerogel (0.2 g/cm3, 90% porosity) synthesized inside Hastelloy U-tubes. Additionally, excess adsorption isotherms for supercritical CO2 and the same porous solid were measured gravimetrically using a precise magnetically-coupled microbalance. Pore fluid densities and total adsorption isotherms increased monotonically with increasing density of the bulk fluid, in contrast to excess adsorption isotherms, which reached a maximum at a subcritical density of the bulk fluid, and then decreased towards zero or negative values at supercritical densities. Compression of the confined fluid significantly beyond the density of the bulk liquid at the same temperature was observed at subcritical temperatures. The features of the isotherms of confined fluid density are interpreted to elucidate the observed behavior of excess adsorption. The maxima of excess adsorption were found to occur below the critical density of the bulk fluid at the conditions corresponding to the beginning of the plateau of total adsorption, marking the end of the transition of pore fluid to a denser, liquid-like pore phase. The results for propane and carbon dioxide showed similarity in the sense of the principle of corresponding states. No measurable effect of pore confinement on the liquid-vapor critical point was found. Quantitative agreement was obtained between excess adsorption isotherms determined from VTD total adsorption results and those measured gravimetrically at the same temperature, confirming the validity of the vibrating tube measurements. Vibrating tube densimetry was demonstrated as a novel experimental approach capable of providing the average density of pore-confined fluids.

Gruszkiewicz, Miroslaw {Mirek} S [ORNL; Rother, Gernot [ORNL; Wesolowski, David J [ORNL; Cole, David R [ORNL; Wallacher, Dirk [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

APPLICATION OF NONSPHERICAL FISSILE CONFIGURATION IN WASTE CONTAINERS AT SRS  

SciTech Connect

Transuranic (TRU) solid waste that has been generated as a result of the production of nuclear material for the United States defense program at the Savannah River Site (SRS) has been stored in more than 30,000 55-gallon drums and carbon steel boxes since 1953. Nearly two thirds of those containers have been processed and shipped to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Among the containers assayed so far, the results indicate several drums with fissile inventories significantly higher (600-1000 fissile grams equivalent (FGE) {sup 239}Pu) than their original assigned values. While part of this discrepancy can be attributed to the past limited assay capabilities, human errors are believed to be the primary contributor. This paper summarizes the application of nonspherical fissile material configuration in waste containers, resulting in less restrictive mass and spacing limits, increased storage capacity, and several administrative controls for handling and storage of waste containers being modified without compromising safety.

Eghbali, D; Michelle Abney, M

2007-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

356

Diquark condensation effects on hot quark star configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The equation of state for quark matter is derived for a nonlocal, chiral quark model within the mean field approximation. We investigate the effects of a variation of the form factors of the interaction on the phase diagram of quark matter under the condition of beta-equilibrium and charge neutrality. Special emphasis is on the occurrence of a diquark condensate which signals a phase transition to color superconductivity and its effects on the equation of state. We calculate the quark star configurations by solving the Tolman- Oppenheimer- Volkoff equations and obtain for the transition from a hot, normal quark matter core of a protoneutron star to a cool diquark condensed one a release of binding energy of the order of Delta M c^2 ~ 10^{53} erg. We discuss the claim that this energy could serve as an engine for explosive phenomena.

Blaschke, David B; Grigorian, H

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL PACKAGES IN TRANSPORT CONFIGURATION  

SciTech Connect

Drum type packages are routinely used to transport radioactive material (RAM) in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) complex. These packages are designed to meet the federal regulations described in 10 CFR Part 71. The packages are transported in specially designed vehicles like Safe Secure Transport (SST) for safety and security. In the transport vehicles, the packages are placed close to each other to maximize the number of units in the vehicle. Since the RAM contents in the packagings produce decay heat, it is important that they are spaced sufficiently apart to prevent overheating of the containment vessel (CV) seals and the impact limiter to ensure the structural integrity of the package. This paper presents a simple methodology to assess thermal performance of a typical 9975 packaging in a transport configuration.

Gupta, N.

2010-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

358

(f72)-3 configuration states in Ca45  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Ca48(He3, He6)Ca45 reaction has been studied at 70 MeV bombarding energy and angular distributions to strongly populated states in Ca45 up to 5 MeV of excitation have been obtained. Evidence for (f72)-3 configuration states at 0.17, 1.43, 1.56, 1.89, and 2.88 MeV is discussed. The experimental (f72)-3 spectrum is compared with calculations based on the (f72)-2 spectrum of Ca46.NUCLEAR REACTIONS Ca48(He3, He)6, E3He=70 MeV, measured (E6He,?); enriched target, deduced excitation energies.

H. Nann; D. Mueller; E. Kashy

1976-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Brueckner's Theory and the Method of Superposition of Configurations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The method of superposition of configurations, which provides a general solution of the quantum-mechanical many-particle problem (for fermions), is reformulated so that equations may be compared with those used in the Brueckner theory. Important differences occur in application to finite or nonuniform systems for which the Hartree-Fock or Brueckner self-consistent orbitals are not plane waves. In such cases nonvanishing single-particle matrix elements occur which cannot be described by the Brueckner formalism based on a two-particle operator. Equations for an effective two-particle operator, equivalent to the variational equations of the method of superposition of configurations, are derived for a basis of Hartree-Fock orbitals. At the expense of making the orbital basis dependent upon the effective two-particle operator, the orbital basis can be determined by a condition which is essentially that of the Brueckner method. This condition removes a class of matrix elements which do not necessarily vanish in the Hartree-Fock basis although they would be neglected to second order in a perturbation calculation starting from the Hartree-Fock wave function. The equations for the effective two-particle operator are formally the same in both cases but lead to different operators because of the different choice of basis. In neither case can the equations be written in terms of products of such operators, a formalism assumed in the Brueckner theory. It is shown that the Brueckner condition is not equivalent to the condition which would determine the best possible orbital basis for the form of wave function implied by the use of an effective operator dependent on two particles only. The argument of the present paper is limited to systems with a finite number of particles, since the variational principle used here is not applicable without modification to systems with an infinite number of particles.

R. K. Nesbet

1958-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Performance characterization of different configurations of gas turbine engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper investigates the performance of different configurations of gas turbine engines. A full numerical model for the engine is built. This model takes into account the variations in specific heat and the effects of turbine cooling flow. Also, the model considers the efficiencies of all component, effectiveness of heat exchangers and the pressure drop in relevant components. The model is employed to compare the engine performances in cases of employing intercooler, recuperation and reheat on a single spool gas turbine engine. A comparison is made between single-spool engine and two-spool engine with free power turbine. Also, the performance of the engine with inter-stage turbine burner is investigated and compared with engine employing the nominal reheat concept. The engine employing inter-stage turbine burners produces superior improvements in both net work and efficiency over all other configurations. The effects of ignoring the variations on specific heat of gases and turbine cooling flow on engine performance are estimated. Ignoring the variation in specific heat can cause up to 30% difference in net specific work. The optimum locations of the intercooler and the reheat combustor are determined using the numerical model of the engine. The maximum net specific work is obtained if the reheat combustor is placed at 40% of the expansion section. On the other hand, to get maximum efficiency the reheat combustor has to be placed at nearly 10%-20% of the expansion section. The optimum location of the intercooler is almost at 50% of the compression section for both maximum net specific work and efficiency.

Tarek Nada

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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361

Effect of Channel Configurations for Tritium Transfer in Printed Circuit Heat Exchangers  

SciTech Connect

The Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP), a very High temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (VHTR) concept, will provide the first demonstration of a closed-loop Brayton cycle at a commercial scale of a few hundred megawatts electric and hydrogen production. The power conversion system (PCS) for the NGNP will take advantage of the significantly higher reactor outlet temperatures of the VHTR to provide higher efficiencies than can be achieved in the current generation of light water reactors. Besides demonstrating a system design that can be used directly for subsequent commercial deployment, the NGNP will demonstrate key technology elements that can be used in subsequent advanced power conversion systems for other Generation IV reactors. In anticipation of the design, development and procurement of an advanced power conversion system for the NGNP, the system integration of the NGNP and hydrogen plant was initiated to identify the important design and technology options that must be considered in evaluating the performance of the proposed NGNP. In the VHTR system, an intermediate heat exchanger (IHX), which transfers heat from the reactor core to the electricity or hydrogen production system is one key component, and its effectiveness is directly related to the system overall efficiency. In the VHTRs, the gas fluids used for coolant generally have poor heat transfer capability, so it requires very large surface area for a given condition. For this reason, a compact heat exchanger (CHE), which is widely used in industry especially for gasto-gas or gas-to-liquid heat exchange is considered as a potential candidate for an IHX replacing the classical shell and tube type heat exchanger. A compact heat exchanger is arbitrary referred to be a heat exchanger having a surface area density greater than 700 m2/m3. The compactness is usually achieved by fins and micro-channels, and leads to the enormous heat transfer enhancement and size reduction. The surface area density is the total heat transfer area divided by the volume of the heat exchanger. In the case of PCHE units, the heat transfer surface area density may be as high as 2,500 m2/m3. This high compactness implies an appreciable reduction in material reducing cost. In this study, heat transfer and tritium penetration analyses have been performed for two different channel configurations of the PCHE; (1) standard and (2) off-set. One of the goals of this study was to determine whether offsetting the hot and cold streams would significantly reduce the tritium flux, and whether or not it would affect the heat transfer significantly.

Chang Oh; Eung Kim; Robert Shrake; Mike Patterson

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

The influence of multiple tubes on the tube-to-bed heat transfer in a fluidised bed L.M. Armstrong, S. Gu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for flow prediction in the past without heat transfer modelling. In the present study, a two-fluid EulerianThe influence of multiple tubes on the tube-to-bed heat transfer in a fluidised bed L.M. Armstrong Keywords: CFD Heat transfer Fluidised bed Eulerian a b s t r a c t There have been few studies modelling

363

Analysis of three idealized reactor configurations: plate, pin, and homogeneous. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect

Detailed Monte Carlo calculations have been performed for three distinct configurations of an idealized fast critical assembly. This idealized assembly was based on the LMFBR benchmark critical assembly ZPR-6/7. In the first configuration, the entire core was loaded with the plate unit cell of ZPR-6/7. In the second configuration, the entire core was loaded with the ZPR sodium-filled pin calandria. The actual ZPR pin calandria are loaded with mixed (U,Pu) oxide pins which closely match the composition of the ZPR-6/7 plate unit cell. For the present study, slight adjustments were made in the atom concentrations and the length of the pin calandria in order to make the core boundaries and average composition for the pin-cell configuration identical to those of the plate-cell configuration. In the third configuration, the core was homogeneous, again with identical core boundaries and average composition as the plate and pin configurations.

McKnight, R.D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Steam generator conceptual design for the modular HTGR - Dissimilar metal weld considerations  

SciTech Connect

The steam generator for the current Modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (MHTGR) has evolved from a technology basis developed in U.S. and European gas-cooled reactor programs. The MHTGR steam generator is a vertically-oriented, counterflow, shell-and-tube, once-through, non-reheat, helical heat exchanger with helium on the shell side and water/steam in the tubes. In the MHTGR applications, the normal operating temperatures of the steam generator tubes can be as high as 638/sup 0/C (1180/sup 0/F). Concerns such as cost, creep strength, steam side scaling and stress corrosion cracking often lead to a design decision to use two different tube materials, one for the evaporating portion and another for the superheating portion of the steam generator. The current MHTGR steam generator design utilizes 2 1/4 CR - 1 Mo material for the economizer/evaporator/initial superheater tube section and Alloy 800H material for the finishing superheat tube section. Therefore, a dissimilar metal weld (DMW) is incorporated in each tube circuit. This feature of the design imposes certain important constraints on the steam generator designer. This paper presents an overview of the MHTGR steam generator conceptual design, and then focuses on the DMW considerations and how these have influenced the design configuration.

Spring, A.H.; Basol, M.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

DEVELOPMENT OF STRAIN IN OXIDES GROWN IN STEAM TUBES  

SciTech Connect

In this study, the foundation is being developed for the numerical simulation of the processes that determine the oxide scale exfoliation behavior of the steam-side surfaces of superheater and reheater tubes in a steam boiler. Initially, the assumptions concerning the base state for calculating oxide strains also were critically examined. The state of stress-strain of an oxide growing on the inside surface of an externally-heated tube was considered for the conditions experienced in a boiler during transition from full- to partial-load operation. Since the rate at which the oxide grows is an important consideration, it was necessary to determine the appropriate temperature to use in the oxidation rate calculations. The existence of a temperature gradient through the tube, and the cyclic nature of the boiler operation (temperature and pressure) were considered; the growth temperature of the oxide was taken to be the oxide surface temperature. It was determined that the commonly-used approach for accounting for geometrical effects when calculating stress-strain development in a growing oxide scale of using the analogy of an infinitely-long flat plate gave sufficiently different results than when using a cylindrical geometry, that the latter was adopted as the preferred calculation procedure. Preliminary calculation of strains developed in multilayered oxides formed on alloy T22 as a function of boiler operating conditions indicated the magnitude of the strains in each layer; the large strain gradients between the layers inferred the importance of the detailed scale morphology in determining the mode of exfoliation

Wright, Ian G [ORNL] [ORNL; Sabau, Adrian S [ORNL] [ORNL; Dooley, Barry [Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)] [Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Large passive pressure tube light water reactor with voided calandria  

SciTech Connect

A reactor concept has been developed that can survive loss-of-coolant accidents (LOCAs) without scram and without replenishing primary coolant inventory while maintaining safe temperature limits on the fuel and pressure tube. The proposed concept is a pressure tube reactor of similar design to Canada deuterium uranium reactors but differing in three key aspects. First, a solid silicon carbide-coated graphite fuel matrix is used in place of fuel pin bundles to enable the dissipation of decay heat from the fuel in the absence of primary coolant. Second, the heavy water coolant in the pressure tubes is replaced by light water, which also serves as the moderator. Finally, the calandria tank, surrounded by a graphite reflector, contains a low-pressure gas instead of heavy water moderator, and this normally voided calandria is connected to a light water heat sink. The cover gas displaces the light water from the calandria during normal operation while during a LOCA or loss of heat sink accident, it allows passive calandria flooding. Calandria flooding also provides redundant and diverse reactor shutdown. The fuel elements can operate under post-critical-heat-flux conditions even at full power without exceeding fuel design limits. The heterogeneous arrangement of the fuel and moderator ensures a negative void coefficient under all circumstances. Although light water is used as both coolant and moderator, the reactor exhibits a high degree of neutron thermalization and a large prompt neutron lifetime, similar to D{sub 2}O-moderated cores. Moreover, the extremely large neutron migration length results in a strongly coupled core with a flat thermal flux profile and inherent stability against xenon spatial oscillations.

Hejzlar, P.; Todreas, N.E.; Driscoll, M.J. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Advanced Mud System for Microhole Coiled Tubing Drilling  

SciTech Connect

An advanced mud system was designed and key components were built that augment a coiled tubing drilling (CTD) rig that is designed specifically to drill microholes (less than 4-inch diameter) with advanced drilling techniques. The mud system was tailored to the hydraulics of the hole geometries and rig characteristics required for microholes and is capable of mixing and circulating mud and removing solids while being self contained and having zero discharge capability. Key components of this system are two modified triplex mud pumps (High Pressure Slurry Pumps) for advanced Abrasive Slurry Jetting (ASJ) and a modified Gas-Liquid-Solid (GLS) Separator for well control, flow return and initial processing. The system developed also includes an additional component of an advanced version of ASJ which allows cutting through most all materials encountered in oil and gas wells including steel, cement, and all rock types. It includes new fluids and new ASJ nozzles. The jetting mechanism does not require rotation of the bottom hole assembly or drill string, which is essential for use with Coiled Tubing (CT). It also has low reactive forces acting on the CT and generates cuttings small enough to be easily cleaned from the well bore, which is important in horizontal drilling. These cutting and mud processing components and capabilities compliment the concepts put forth by DOE for microhole coiled tubing drilling (MHTCTD) and should help insure the reality of drilling small diameter holes quickly and inexpensively with a minimal environmental footprint and that is efficient, compact and portable. Other components (site liners, sump and transfer pumps, stacked shakers, filter membranes, etc.. ) of the overall mud system were identified as readily available in industry and will not be purchased until we are ready to drill a specific well.

Kenneth Oglesby

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

The effect of roughness on aerosol deposition in tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the Reynolds number. The data formed a peculiar dip at a Reynolds number between 2000 and 10, 000 (depending on roughness) and remained fairly constant for increased Reynolds number. Nikuradse concluded that when the thickness of the laminar layer is greater...). The experiments of Wirtz and Chen (1991) were conducted on internally transverse finned (ribbed) tubes for a Reynolds number range of 2000 - 8000 and various rib spacings (3 - 18 mm) and heights (12 - 18 mm), using air as the fluid media. Their experimental...

Chavez, Mario Cesar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

369

High-voltage supply for backward-wave tube  

SciTech Connect

A high-current high-voltage supply for a backward-wave tube is described that uses a generalppurpose semiconductor converter with pulse-width modulation and two-stage regulation. The load current is up to 250 mA for load voltages of from 0.5 to 4.5 kV. The voltage staiblity is less than or equal to 5 x 10/sup -6/. the root-mean-square output ripple is less than or equal to 2 x 10/sup -6// The supply is equipped with high-speed (5 usec) load-breakdown protection.

Bryvkhanov, A.N.; Kosarev, P.M.; Latushkin, S.T.; Yudin, L.I.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Cooling for a rotating anode X-ray tube  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for cooling a rotating anode X-ray tube. An electromagnetic motor is provided to rotate an X-ray anode with cooling passages in the anode. These cooling passages are coupled to a cooling structure located adjacent the electromagnetic motor. A liquid metal fills the passages of the cooling structure and electrical power is provided to the motor to rotate the anode and generate a rotating magnetic field which moves the liquid metal through the cooling passages and cooling structure.

Smither, Robert K. (Hinsdale, IL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Magnetic Cusp Configuration of the SPL Plasma Generator  

SciTech Connect

The Superconducting Proton Linac (SPL) is a novel linear accelerator concept currently studied at CERN. As part of this study, a new Cs-free, RF-driven external antenna H{sup -} plasma generator has been developed to withstand an average thermal load of 6 kW. The magnetic configuration of the new plasma generator includes a dodecapole cusp field and a filter field separating the plasma heating and H{sup -} production regions. Ferrites surrounding the RF antenna serve in enhancing the coupling of the RF to the plasma. Due to the space requirements of the plasma chamber cooling circuit, the cusp magnets are pushed outwards compared to Linac4 and the cusp field strength in the plasma region is reduced by 40% when N-S magnetized magnets are used. The cusp field strength and plasma confinement can be improved by replacing the N-S magnets with offset Halbach elements of which each consists of three magnetic sub-elements with different magnetization direction. A design challenge is the dissipation of RF power induced by eddy currents in the cusp and filter magnets which may lead to overheating and demagnetization. In view of this, a copper magnet cage has been developed that shields the cusp magnets from the radiation of the RF antenna.

Kronberger, Matthias; Chaudet, Elodie; Favre, Gilles; Lettry, Jacques; Kuechler, Detlef; Moyret, Pierre; Paoluzzi, Mauro; Prever-Loiri, Laurent; Schmitzer, Claus; Scrivens, Richard; Steyaert, Didier [CERN, 385 Route de Meyrin, 1211 Geneva (Switzerland)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

372

New vortex ring configurations for the MAP dyon solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrically charged magnetic solutions of SU (2) Yang-Mills-Higgs theory with net zero topological charge has been obtained as axially symmetric saddle-point solutions in Ref. [1]. These solutions are characterized by an integer the winding number n of their azimuthal angle ? and an electric charge parameter 0configuration with n=2 ?=0.65 and varying Higgs field strength. Our observations showed that beside the fundamental solution which is an electrically charged MAP solution there also exist two other branches of eclectically charged vortex ring solutions which both appear at ?=20.45. The difference in total energy between these two branches of solution is very small but the difference in diameter of vortex rings of the two branches is quite significant. Finding of a branching phenomena in presence of a fundamental MAP solution has been for the first time. In Ref. [2] new branching solutions occur for the electrically neutral case in presence of fundamental vortex ring solutions but not for the fundamental MAP solution.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Stationary Nonaxisymmetric Configurations of Magnetized Singular Isothermal Disks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accepted.... Received...; in original form... We construct both aligned and unaligned (logarithmic spiral) stationary configurations of nonaxisymmetric magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) disks from either a full or a partial razor-thin power-law axisymmetric magnetized singular isothermal disk (MSID) that is embedded with a coplanar azimuthal magnetic field B? of a non-force-free radial scaling r?1/2 and that rotates differentially with a flat rotation curve of speed aD, where a is the isothermal sound speed and D is the dimensionless rotation parameter. Analytical solutions and stability criteria for determining D2 are derived. For aligned nonaxisymmetric MSIDs, eccentric m = 1 displacements may occur at arbitrary D2 in a full MSID but are allowed only with a2D2 = C2 A /2 in a partial MSID (CA is the Alfvén speed), while each case of |m | ? 1 gives two possible values of D2 for purely azimuthal propagations of fast and slow MHD density waves (FMDWs and SMDWs) that appear stationary in an inertial frame of reference. For disk galaxies modeled by a partial MSID resulting from a massive dark-matter halo with a flat rotation curve and a2D2 ? C2 A, stationary aligned perturbations of m = 1 are not allowed. For

Yu-qing Lou

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Configurable Virtualized System Environments for High Performance Computing  

SciTech Connect

Existing challenges for current terascale high performance computing (HPC) systems are increasingly hampering the development and deployment efforts of system software and scientific applications for next-generation petascale systems. The expected rapid system upgrade interval toward petascale scientific computing demands an incremental strategy for the development and deployment of legacy and new large-scale scientific applications that avoids excessive porting. Furthermore, system software developers as well as scientific application developers require access to large-scale testbed environments in order to test individual solutions at scale. This paper proposes to address these issues at the system software level through the development of a virtualized system environment (VSE) for scientific computing. The proposed VSE approach enables ''plug-and-play'' supercomputing through desktop-to-cluster-to-petaflop computer system-level virtualization based on recent advances in hypervisor virtualization technologies. This paper describes the VSE system architecture in detail, discusses needed tools for VSE system management and configuration, and presents respective VSE use case scenarios.

Engelmann, Christian [ORNL; Scott, Stephen L [ORNL; Ong, Hong Hoe [ORNL; Vallee, Geoffroy R [ORNL; Naughton, III, Thomas J [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Diquark condensation effects on hot quark star configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The equation of state for quark matter is derived for a nonlocal, chiral quark model within the mean field approximation.We investigate the effects of a variation of the formfactors of the interaction on the phase diagram of quark matter. Special emphasis is on the occurrence of a diquark condensate which signals a phase transition to color superconductivity and its effects on the equation of state under the condition of beta- equilibrium and charge neutrality. We calculate the quark star configurations by solving the Tolman- Oppenheimer- Volkoff equations and obtain for the transition from a hot, normal quark matter core of a protoneutron star to a cool diquark condensed one a release of binding energy of the order of Delta M c^2 ~ 10^{53} erg. We find that this energy could not serve as an engine for explosive phenomena since the phase transition is not first order. Contrary to naive expectations the mass defect increases when for a given temperature we neglect the possibility of diquark condensation.

D. Blaschke; S. Fredriksson; H. Grigorian; A. M. "Oztas

2004-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

376

Criticality Benchmark Analysis of the HTTR Annular Startup Core Configurations  

SciTech Connect

One of the high priority benchmarking activities for corroborating the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project and Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) Program is evaluation of Japan's existing High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR). The HTTR is a 30 MWt engineering test reactor utilizing graphite moderation, helium coolant, and prismatic TRISO fuel. A large amount of critical reactor physics data is available for validation efforts of High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs). Previous international reactor physics benchmarking activities provided a collation of mixed results that inaccurately predicted actual experimental performance.1 Reevaluations were performed by the Japanese to reduce the discrepancy between actual and computationally-determined critical configurations.2-3 Current efforts at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) involve development of reactor physics benchmark models in conjunction with the International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation Project (IRPhEP) for use with verification and validation methods in the VHTR Program. Annular cores demonstrate inherent safety characteristics that are of interest in developing future HTGRs.

John D. Bess

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Fusion proton diagnostic for the C-2 field reversed configuration  

SciTech Connect

Measurements of the flux of fusion products from high temperature plasmas provide valuable insights into the ion energy distribution, as the fusion reaction rate is a very sensitive function of ion energy. In C-2, where field reversed configuration plasmas are formed by the collision of two compact toroids and partially sustained by high power neutral beam injection [M. Binderbauer et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 045003 (2010); M. Tuszewski et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 255008 (2012)], measurements of DD fusion neutron flux are used to diagnose ion temperature and study fast ion confinement and dynamics. In this paper, we will describe the development of a new 3 MeV proton detector that will complement existing neutron detectors. The detector is a large area (50?cm{sup 2}), partially depleted, ion implanted silicon diode operated in a pulse counting regime. While the scintillator-based neutron detectors allow for high time resolution measurements (?100 kHz), they have no spatial or energy resolution. The proton detector will provide 10 cm spatial resolution, allowing us to determine if the axial distribution of fast ions is consistent with classical fast ion theory or whether anomalous scattering mechanisms are active. We will describe in detail the diagnostic design and present initial data from a neutral beam test chamber.

Magee, R. M., E-mail: rmagee@trialphaenergy.com; Clary, R.; Korepanov, S.; Smirnov, A.; Garate, E.; Knapp, K. [Tri Alpha Energy, Inc., Rancho Santa Margarita, California 92688 (United States); Tkachev, A. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

Extrusion of Aluminum Tubes with Axially Graded Wall Thickness and Mechanical Characterization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this study the indirect extrusion of seamless aluminum tubes with variable wall thickness was investigated. Therefore, an axially moveable stepped mandrel was applied. Investigations revealed that wall thickness transitions can either be graded over the tube length or very sharp. The microstructures in thin-walled and thick-walled tube sections were investigated. The local variation of the extrusion ratio and with that the tube wall thickness, product velocity and product temperature during the process lead to significantly different local microstructures at TB=400 °C. At TB=500 °C the microstructure was homogeneously recrystallized with similar grain size in all different tube sections. Furthermore, the mechanical tube properties were characterized by three point bending tests.

M. Negendank; S. Müller; W. Reimers

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Fouling of HVAC fin and tube heat exchangers  

SciTech Connect

Fin and tube heat exchangers are used widely in residential, commercial and industrial HVAC applications. Invariably, indoor and outdoor air contaminants foul these heat exchangers. This fouling can cause decreased capacity and efficiency of the HVAC equipment as well as indoor air quality problems related to microbiological growth. This paper describes laboratory studies to investigate the mechanisms that cause fouling. The laboratory experiments involve subjecting a 4.7 fins/cm (12 fins/inch) fin and tube heat exchanger to an air stream that contains monodisperse particles. Air velocities ranging from 1.5-5.2 m/s (295 ft/min-1024 ft/min) and particle sizes from 1--8.6 {micro}m are used. The measured fraction of particles that deposit as well as information about the location of the deposited material indicate that particles greater than about 1 {micro}m contribute to fouling. These experimental results are used to validate a scaling analysis that describes the relative importance of several deposition mechanisms including impaction, Brownian diffusion, turbophoresis, thermophoresis, diffusiophoresis, and gravitational settling. The analysis is extended to apply to different fin spacings and particle sizes typical of those found in indoor air.

Siegel, Jeffrey; Carey, Van P.

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Plugging of steam generator tubes and consequences for plant operation  

SciTech Connect

The simulation of pressurized water reactor (SIROP) code was created using the SICLE software developed by the study and research department at Electricite de France. It is the largest computer code with this software (260 tubes, 1800 computation points, 19 water-steam cavities, 9 pumps, 6 turbines, 32 control system elements). It simulates the general operating conditions of a 900-MW(electric) CP2 power plant by computing the main physical parameters from the reactor core to the condenser. The study was performed by the study and research department (Reactor Physics Division) with the help of SEPTEN following an SPT (power operation department) request. It consisted of identifying the change in margins with respect to emergency shutdown protections (especially for ..delta..T protections) as a function of the number of plugged steam generators (1, 2, or 3) and the degree of plugging (10, 20, and 30%) under the following operating conditions: (1) steady state at 100% full power; and (2) main transients: manual load rejection, load rejection induced by grid fault, turbine tripping. The purpose was to assess the effect of a large number of steam generator plugged tubes on the behavior of the plant to secure a long-term prediction for the date of replacement of these steam generators.

Agnoux, D.; Chenal, J.C.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Rheological fluid motion in tube by metachronal wave of cilia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is a theoretical study of a non-linear problem of rheological fluid transport in an axisymmetric tube by cilium. However, an attempt has been made to explain the role of cilia motion on the transport of fluid through the ductus efferentes of the male reproductive tract. Ostwald-de Waele power law viscous fluid has been considered to represent the rheological fluid to analyze pumping by means of a sequence of beat of cilia from row to row of cilia in a given row of cells and from one row of cells to the next (metachronal wave movement) under conditions for which the corresponding Reynolds number is small enough for inertial effects to be negligible and the wavelength to diameter ratio is large enough for the pressure to be considered uniform over the cross-section. Analyses and computations of the detailed fluid motions reveal that the time-averaged flow rates are directly dependent on epsilon, a non-dimensional measure involving the mean radius R of the tube and the cilia length. Thu...

Maiti, S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Sequence Design for a Test Tube of Interacting Nucleic Acid Strands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sequence Design for a Test Tube of Interacting Nucleic Acid Strands ... We describe an algorithm for designing the equilibrium base-pairing properties of a test tube of interacting nucleic acid strands. ... A target test tube is specified as a set of desired “on-target” complexes, each with a target secondary structure and target concentration, and a set of undesired “off-target” complexes, each with vanishing target concentration. ...

Brian R. Wolfe; Niles A. Pierce

2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

383

The sacrificial cathodic protection of UNS C71500 heat exchanger tubes in Arabian Gulf sea water  

SciTech Connect

A laboratory investigation using a specially designed circulating test rig was carried out to study the effectiveness of achieving complete cathodic protection of UNS C71500 heat exchanger tubes in seawater applications. Results indicated that the galvanic current distribution covered the entire 6m length of the tube. The presence of sulfide ions as pollutants in seawater shifted the galvanic potentials of the tubes to more active potentials and prevented the formation of protective films that normally form.

Al-Hashem, A.; Carew, J.A.; Al-Sayegh, A. [Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait). Materials Application Dept.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Counterflow Extinction of Premixed and Nonpremixed Methanol and Ethanol Flames  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for high temperature ethanol oxidation. Interna- tionaland combustion of methanol and ethanol droplets. Combustionvelocities of methanol, ethanol and isooctane-air mix- u

Seshadri, Kalyanasundaram

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Performance characteristics of an induced draft, counterflow, spray cooling tower  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

V Total mass transfer coefi'icient, pounds of water per hour per square Zoot per pound of vapor per pound of dry air Tower characteristic Number of nozzles used XX SURVEY OF LXTERATUHE The currently accepted theory of heat and mass exchange between... a stream of' water droplets and a stream of unsatu rated air was first proposed by Robinson (8)o in 1MS, and, ln 19S5$ by Waker g Lewi s y and 5!cAdams ( 1 ) . Al so in 1985, -gerlrel (5), using the same basic equations somewhat moxe rigorously...

Jones, Charles Edward

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

386

Simulation of the Interaction Between Two Counterflowing Rarefied Jets  

SciTech Connect

A preliminary analysis of the flow between a jet of argon plasma and one containing argon excited states is conducted using the direct simulation Monte Carlo method (DSMC). As a prelude to the use of more advanced models and to help design the accompanying experiment, a simplified model is formulated that ignores electron kinetics and field effects. This model allows the capture of most of the gas dynamics phenomena present with a standard DSMC code. Two interaction criteria are then used and compared to analyze the flow pattern of the interaction. An increase in the mass flow rate of the neutral jet is found to increase the level of interaction between the jets.

Galitzine, Cyril; Boyd, Iain D. [Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

2011-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

387

T-562: Novell ZENworks Configuration Management novell-tftp.exe Buffer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: Novell ZENworks Configuration Management novell-tftp.exe 2: Novell ZENworks Configuration Management novell-tftp.exe Buffer Overflow T-562: Novell ZENworks Configuration Management novell-tftp.exe Buffer Overflow February 22, 2011 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Novell ZENworks Buffer Overflow in TFTPD. PLATFORM: Novell ZENworks Configuration Management 10.x, Novell ZENworks Configuration Management 11.x ABSTRACT: A vulnerability has been reported in Novell ZENworks Configuration Management, which can be exploited by malicious people to compromise a vulnerable system. The vulnerability is caused due to a boundary error in novell-tftp.exe when parsing requests. This can be exploited to cause a heap-based buffer overflow via a specially crafted request sent to UDP port 69. The vulnerability is reported in versions 10.3.1, 10.3.2, and 11.0.

388

E-Print Network 3.0 - ahmed tube insertion Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

wells reflects the reduced incidence of diarrheal disease when drinking groundwater... in Bangladesh in 1999 to test tube wells in the most affected portions of the country. The...

389

Heavy-wall production tubing design for special-alloy steels  

SciTech Connect

Critical wells require a comprehensive design philosophy for downhole tubulars. This paper describes novel design techniques used on four key tubing-design tasks on a 23,000-ft (7010-m), high-pressure, offshore gas well: material selection, tubing sizing, threaded-connector qualification, and field installation planning. The in-depth engineering approach combined stringent material and threaded-connector qualifications with new tubing-sizing methods and thorough installation planning. Standard tubing-sizing methods were unacceptable because of conservatism about erosional velocity and stress analysis inaccuracy. Proper stress analysis of the alloy required consideration of triaxial stress states, anisotropy of mechanical properties, and temperature weakening of yield stress.

Payne, M.L.; Hurst, D.M.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated in-tube solid-phase Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for: automated in-tube solid-phase Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Date Student Topic Advisor 082211 Introduction Summary: 3111 Indika Galpothdeniya Temperature-Response...

391

Computational fluid dynamic modelling of enhanced heat transfer in tubes with inserts.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Heat transfer is an important process in many different industrial processes including oil refming and energy generation. A shell and tube heat exchanger is one… (more)

Osley, William Gruffydd

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Reaction of Exhaust Gas in the Exhaust Gas Tube of Marine Diesel Engines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reaction of Exhaust Gas in the Exhaust Gas Tube of Marine Diesel Engines }S"G"WjAS"O·u·� "¡"c ·_Zk

Ishii, Hitoshi

393

E-Print Network 3.0 - anchored flux tubes Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

this is indicated... VAbgm and -VAbgm, respectively. (b) The equivalent velocity space diagram for an open flux tube anchored... . The motion of open flux ... Source: Ecole...

394

Text-Alternative Version: CALiPER: Troffers, Kits, and Tubes Webcast  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Below is the text-alternative version of the "CALiPER: Troffers, Kits, and Tubes" webcast, held June 20, 2013.

395

Failure assessment of composite cooler tubes in a gas boosting station  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present study describes origin and failure mechanisms of air cooled heat exchangers tubes, in a gas pressure boosting station. Hydrocarbon gas was circulating within aluminum finned tubes and cooling was done by forcing ambient air over the exterior of the tubes, made of carbon steel A-214 material. The hydrocarbon gas was contained traces of H2S and substantial level of CO2. The investigation was carried out in a station located in southern part of Iran. The process involved condensation of water and hydrocarbon along the length of tubes, resulting in a wet gas multiphase flow situation. Such type of coolers is also called composite coolers. The failure of tubes was characterized on the bases of all the available evidences and metallurgical examinations, such as analysis of tube materials, feeding gas, condensate water, and the residue inside the tubes. The processing was also simulated by Hysis-3.1 software, in order to evaluate and compare various parameters such as gas flow rate, liquid water and hydrocarbon formation, in actual and design condition. The air cooled tubes showed highest corrosion rate and was experienced leakage regularly. The results indicated that, low velocity assisted sweet corrosion caused severe pitting inside the tubes, and led to failure.

Khalil Ranjbar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Enhanced heat transfer tubes for film absorbers of absorption chiller/heater  

SciTech Connect

Absorption chiller/heaters using non-CFC refrigerants are attracting attention as environmentally friendly energy systems. As the refrigerant/absorbent pair, the water/lithium bromide aqueous solution pair is preferably used for most absorption chiller/heaters in Japan. Absorption chiller/heaters, mainly used as water chillers and air-conditioners, are commercially available at least for unit cooling capacities above 60 kW. In absorption chiller/heaters, the absorber must be made compact, because the absorber has the largest heat transfer area of the four primary heat exchangers in the system: the evaporator, absorber, regenerator and condenser. Although a great amount of information is available on the evaporator and condenser, the same type of information concerning the absorber is lacking. This paper introduces two kinds of double fluted tubes called Arm tubs and Floral tubes for film absorbers. Arm tubes are manufactured using a two-pass drawbench process, while Floral tubes are made using a single pass drawbench process. The experiments using a lithium bromide aqueous solution with the addition of 250 ppm n-octyl alcohol as the surfactant showed that Arm tubes and Floral tubes had about 40% higher heat transfer performance than plain tubes. Therefore, Floral tubes are expected to realize a high performance at low cost. Furthermore, the optimization of the number of grooves on the outside of the tubes is also described here.

Sasaki, Naoe; Nosetani, Tadashi [Sumitomo Light Metal Industry, Ltd., Nagoya, Aichi (Japan); Furukawa, Masahiro; Kaneko, Toshiyuki [Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd., Ora, Gunma (Japan). Commercial Air-Conditioning Div.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

397

Corrosion of Aluminum-fin, Copper-tube Heat Exchange Coils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industry standard procedures to test process chemicals or application contaminants for copper tube corrosion potential. Industry supported research has begun to develop a bench test for this....

Field, J. E.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Co-gasification of biomass with coal and oil sands coke in a drop tube furnace.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Chars were obtained from individual fuels and blends with different blend ratios of coal, coke and biomass in Drop Tube Furnace at different temperatures. Based… (more)

Gao, Chen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Corrosion-resistant tube materials for extended life of openings in recovery boilers  

SciTech Connect

The corrosive conditions causing rapid corrosion of Type 304L stainless steel in tube openings have been duplicated in the laboratory. Alternate materials also have been tested, and some show improved corrosion resistance over Type 304L. Alloy 825 and Alloy 625 composite tubing and Alloy 600 and Alloy 625 weld overlay materials all show promise as a replacement for Type 304L in tube openings. All recovery boilers designed or operated at 8.375 MPa (1,200 psi) and above should consider using these replacement materials for tube openings.

Paul, L.D.; Danielson, M.J.; Harper, S.L. (Babcock and Wilcox Co., Alliance, OH (United States). Research and Development Div.); Barna, J.L. (Babcock and Wilcox Co., Barberton, OH (United States). Fossil Power Div.)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Configuring the National Ignition Facility for direct-drive experiments  

SciTech Connect

The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is a project whose primary mission is to provide an above-ground experimental capability for maintaining nuclear competence and weapons effects simulation, and to pursue the achievement of fusion ignition utilizing solid state lasers as the energy driver. In this facility a large number of laser beams are focused onto a small target located at the center of a spherical target chamber. The laser energy is delivered in a few billionths of a second, raising the temperature and density of the nuclear materials in the target to levels where significant thermonuclear energy is released. The thermonuclear reaction proceeds very rapidly, so that the target materials remain confined by their own inertia during the thermonuclear reaction. This type of approach is called inertial confinement fusion (ICF). The proposed project is described in a conceptual design report (CDR) that was released in May 1994. Early in FY95, a collaboration between the University of Rochester and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory was established to study reconfiguring the NIF to accommodate direct-drive experiments. The present paper is a report to the scientific community, primarily the scientists and engineers working on the design of the NIF. It represents results from work in progress, specifically work completed by the end of the second quarter FY95. This report has two main sections. The first describes the target requirements on the laser drive, and the second part describes how the NIF laser can be configured to accommodate both indirect and direct drive. The report includes a description of the scientific basis for these conclusions. Though a complete picture does not exist, the present understanding is sufficient to conclude that the primary target requirements and laser functional requirements for indirect and direct drive are quite compatible. It is evidently straightforward to reconfigure the NIF to accommodate direct and indirect drive.

Eimerl, D. [ed.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Dependence of effective internal field of congruent lithium niobate on its domain configuration and stability  

SciTech Connect

Congruent lithium niobate is characterized by its internal field, which arises due to defect clusters within the crystal. Here, it is shown experimentally that this internal field is a function of the molecular configuration in a particular domain and also on the stability of that particular configuration. The measurements of internal field are done using interferometric technique, while the variation of domain configuration is brought about by room temperature high voltage electric field poling.

Das, Ranjit, E-mail: ranjitdas.in@gmail.com, E-mail: souvik2cat@gmail.com, E-mail: srirajib@yahoo.com; Ghosh, Souvik, E-mail: ranjitdas.in@gmail.com, E-mail: souvik2cat@gmail.com, E-mail: srirajib@yahoo.com; Chakraborty, Rajib, E-mail: ranjitdas.in@gmail.com, E-mail: souvik2cat@gmail.com, E-mail: srirajib@yahoo.com [Department of Applied Optics and Photonics, University of Calcutta, JD-2, Sector III, Salt Lake, Kolkata 700098 (India)

2014-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

402

Optical fiber configurations for transmission of laser energy over great distances  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There are provided optical fiber configurations that provide for the delivery of laser energy, and in particular, the transmission and delivery of high power laser energy over great distances. These configurations further are hardened to protect the optical fibers from the stresses and conditions of an intended application. The configurations provide means for determining the additional fiber length (AFL) need to obtain the benefits of such additional fiber, while avoiding bending losses.

Rinzler, Charles C; Zediker, Mark S

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

403

Tank waste remediation system privatization infrastructure program, configuration management implementation plan  

SciTech Connect

This Configuration Management Implementation Plan (CMIP) was developed to assist in managing systems, structures, and components (SSCS), to facilitate the effective control and statusing of changes to SSCS, and to ensure technical consistency between design, performance, and operational requirements. Its purpose is to describe the approach Privatization Infrastructure will take in implementing a configuration management program, to identify the Program`s products that need configuration management control, to determine the rigor of control, and to identify the mechanisms for that control.

Schaus, P.S.

1998-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

404

The Time-dependent Supersymmetric Configurations in M-theory and Matrix Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we study the half-supersymmetric time-dependent configurations in M-theory and their matrix models. We find a large class of 11D supergravity solutions, which keeps sixteen supersymmetries. Furthermore, we investigate the isometries of these configurations and show that in general these configurations have no supernumerary supersymmetries. And also we define the Matrix models in these backgrounds following Discrete Light-Cone Quantization (DLCQ) prescription.

Bin Chen

2005-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

405

U-024: IBM Lotus Sametime Configuration Servlet Lets Remote Users Obtain  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

024: IBM Lotus Sametime Configuration Servlet Lets Remote Users 024: IBM Lotus Sametime Configuration Servlet Lets Remote Users Obtain Configuration Data U-024: IBM Lotus Sametime Configuration Servlet Lets Remote Users Obtain Configuration Data November 1, 2011 - 8:15am Addthis PROBLEM: IBM Lotus Sametime Configuration Servlet Lets Remote Users Obtain Configuration Data. PLATFORM: All Sametime Platforms : 7.0, 7.5, 7.5.1, 7.5.1.1, 7.5.1.2, 8.0, 8.0.1, 8.0.2, 8.5, 8.5.1, 8.5.1.1, 8.5.2 ABSTRACT: A remote user can obtain configuration information. reference lINKS: IBM Sametime Security Bulletin SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026255 CVE-2011-1370 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: The Sametime server contains a configuration servlet that is accessed by several Sametime server processes. By default, this servlet does not require authentication, which could potentially allow an unauthorized user

406

System Configuration Management Implementation Procedure for the Canister Storage Building (CSB)  

SciTech Connect

This document provides configuration management for the Distributed Control System (DCS), the Gaseous Effluent Monitoring System (GEMS-100) System, the Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), the Canister Receiving Crane (CRC) CRN-001 PLC, and both North and South vestibule door interlock system PLCs at the Canister Storage Building (CSB). This procedure identifies and defines software configuration items in the CSB control and monitoring systems, and defines configuration control throughout the system life cycle. Components of this control include: configuration status accounting; physical protection and control; and verification of the completeness and correctness of these items.

GARRISON, R.C.

2000-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

407

MAP, MAC, and Vortex-rings Configurations in the Weinberg-Salam Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the presence of new axially symmetric monopoles, antimonopoles and vortex-rings solutions of the SU(2)$\\times$U(1) Weinberg-Salam model of electromagnetic and weak interactions. When the $\\phi$-winding number $n=1$, and 2, the configurations are monopole-antimonopole pair (MAP) and monopole-antimonopole chain (MAC) with poles of alternating sign magnetic charge arranged along the $z$-axis. Vortex-rings start to appear from the MAP and MAC configurations when the winding number $n=3$. The MAP configurations possess zero net magnetic charge whereas the MAC configurations possess net magnetic charge of $4\\pi n/e$. In the MAP configurations, the monopole-antimonopole pair is bounded by the ${\\cal Z}^0$ field flux string and there is an electromagnetic current loop encircling it. The monopole and antimonopole possess magnetic charges $\\pm\\frac{2\\pi n}{e}$ respectively. In the MAC configurations there is no string connecting the monopole and the adjacent antimonopole and they possess magnetic charges $\\pm\\frac{4\\pi n}{e}$ respectively. The MAC configurations possess infinite total energy and zero magnetic dipole moment whereas the MAP configurations which are actually sphalerons possess finite total energy and magnetic dipole moment. The configurations were investigated for varying value of Higgs boson mass $0\\leq M_H^2\\leq 80$ at Weinberg angle $\\theta_W=\\frac{\\pi}{4}$.

Rosy Teh; Ban-Loong Ng; Khai-Ming Wong

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

408

Studies of one-campus and two-level configurations for SSC  

SciTech Connect

In this report we investigate in some detail the geometry and the cost of two modifications in the configuration of the SSC. 3 refs., 7 figs.

Teng, L.C.

1988-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

409

Selectively fired, tubing-conveyed perforating guns save rig time  

SciTech Connect

Selective firing of tubing-conveyed perforating (TCP) guns during drill stem tests (DSTs) added flexibility and saved costs for Marathon Oil Co. As an example, in the Garland field in Wyoming, the guns allowed perforating multiple zones in one trip. This saved 1 1/2--2 days/well in rig time and $25,000--30,000/well in electric wire line and DST tool charges. For international offshore operations, savings of $200,000/well appear possible. Savings result not only from perforating multiple zones, but also from arbitrarily setting firing patterns with or without zone isolation. The paper describes the testing of equipment, the design of the guns, firing heads, crossover assembly, pressure isolation sub, control line, and select-fire sub, and applications for the guns.

Snider, P.M. (Marathon Oil Co., Houston, TX (United States)); Bond, P.L. (Halliburton Energy Services, Dallas, TX (United States))

1993-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

410

An Advanced simulation Code for Modeling Inductive Output Tubes  

SciTech Connect

During the Phase I program, CCR completed several major building blocks for a 3D large signal, inductive output tube (IOT) code using modern computer language and programming techniques. These included a 3D, Helmholtz, time-harmonic, field solver with a fully functional graphical user interface (GUI), automeshing and adaptivity. Other building blocks included the improved electrostatic Poisson solver with temporal boundary conditions to provide temporal fields for the time-stepping particle pusher as well as the self electric field caused by time-varying space charge. The magnetostatic field solver was also updated to solve for the self magnetic field caused by time changing current density in the output cavity gap. The goal function to optimize an IOT cavity was also formulated, and the optimization methodologies were investigated.

Thuc Bui; R. Lawrence Ives

2012-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

411

Use of proportional tubes in a muon polarimeter  

SciTech Connect

A prototype muon polarimeter was built to study the feasibility of measuring the positive muon polarization in the decay K/sub L/ ..-->.. ..mu../sup +/..mu../sup /minus//. The system consisted of alternating layers of extruded aluminum gas proportional tubes and polarization-retaining absorber plates of either aluminum or marble. Longitudinally polarized positive muons from the Stopped Muon Channel at the Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) were stopped in the absorber plates where they precessed in a field of 60 gauss. Decay times were recorded in 100 ns first-in-first-out memories for all wires hit during a 12.8 ..mu..s period centered about the muon stop trigger. The performance of the system was studied for different beam rates and absorber thicknesses. The value of imposing time and spacial cuts on track data to enhance the precession signal was also investigated. 7 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Kenney, C.J.; Eckhause, M.; Ginkel, J.F.; Guss, P.P.; Kane, J.R.; Vulcan, W.F.; Welsh, R.E.; Whyley, R.J.; Bilskie, J.; Hart, G.W.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Heat transfer research on supercritical water flow upward in tube  

SciTech Connect

The experimental research of heat transfer on supercritical water has been carried out on the supercritical water multipurpose test loop with a 7.6 mm upright tube. The experimental data of heat transfer is obtained. The experimental results of thermal-hydraulic parameters on flow and heat transfer of supercritical water show that: Heat transfer enhancement occurs when the fluid temperature reaches pseudo-critical point with low mass flow velocity, and peters out when the mass flow velocity increases. The heat transfer coefficient and Nusselt number decrease with the heat flux or system pressure increases, and increase with the increasing of mass flow velocity. The wall temperature increases when the mass flow velocity decreases or the system pressure increases. (authors)

Li, H. B.; Yang, J. [China Nuclear Power Technology Research Inst., Shenzhen, Guangdong (China); Gu, H. Y.; Zhao, M. [Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ., Shanghai (China); Lu, D. H.; Zhang, J. M.; Wang, F.; Zhang, Y. [China Nuclear Power Technology Research Inst., Shenzhen, Guangdong (China)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Field Demonstraton of Existing Microhole Coiled Tubing Rig (MCTR) Technology  

SciTech Connect

The performance of an advanced Microhole Coiled Tubing Rig (MCTR) has been measured in the field during the drilling of 25 test wells in the Niobrara formation of Western Kansas and Eastern Colorado. The coiled tubing (CT) rig designed, built and operated by Advanced Drilling Technologies (ADT), was documented in its performance by GTI staff in the course of drilling wells ranging in depth from 500 to nearly 3,000 feet. Access to well sites in the Niobrara for documenting CT rig performance was provided by Rosewood Resources of Arlington, VA. The ADT CT rig was selected for field performance evaluation because it is one of the most advanced commercial CT rig designs that demonstrate a high degree of process integration and ease of set-up and operation. Employing an information collection protocol, data was collected from the ADT CT rig during 25 drilling events that encompassed a wide range of depths and drilling conditions in the Niobrara. Information collected included time-function data, selected parametric information indicating CT rig operational conditions, staffing levels, and field observations of the CT rig in each phase of operation, from rig up to rig down. The data obtained in this field evaluation indicates that the ADT CT rig exhibited excellent performance in the drilling and completion of more than 25 wells in the Niobrara under varied drilling depths and formation conditions. In the majority of the 25 project well drilling events, ROP values ranged between 300 and 620 feet per hour. For all but the lowest 2 wells, ROP values averaged approximately 400 feet per hour, representing an excellent drilling capability. Most wells of depths between 500 and 2,000 feet were drilled at a total functional rig time of less than 16 hours; for wells as deep at 2,500 to 3,000 feet, the total rig time for the CT unit is usually well under one day. About 40-55 percent of the functional rig time is divided evenly between drilling and casing/cementing. The balance of time is divided among the remaining four functions of rig up/rig down, logging, lay down bottomhole assembly, and pick up bottomhole assembly. Observations made during all phases of CT rig operation at each of the project well installations have verified a number of characteristics of the technology that represent advantages that can produce significant savings of 25-35 percent per well. Attributes of the CT rig performance include: (1) Excellent hole quality with hole deviation amounting to 1-2 degrees; (2) Reduced need for auxiliary equipment; (3) Efficient rig mobilization requiring only four trailers; (4) Capability of ''Zero Discharge'' operation; (5) Improved safety; and, (6) Measurement while drilling capability. In addition, commercial cost data indicates that the CT rig reduces drilling costs by 25 to 35% compared to conventional drilling technology. Widespread commercial use of the Microhole Coiled Tubing technology in the United States for onshore Lower-48 drilling has the potential of achieving substantially positive impacts in terms of savings to the industry and resource expansion. Successfully commercialized Microhole CT Rig Technology is projected to achieve cumulative savings in Lower-48 onshore drilling expenditures of approximately 6.8 billion dollars by 2025. The reduced cost of CT microhole drilling is projected to enable the development of gas resources that would not have been economic with conventional methods. Because of the reduced cost of drilling achieved with CT rig technology, it is estimated that an additional 22 Tcf of gas resource will become economic to develop. In the future, the Microhole Coiled Tubing Rig represents an important platform for the continued improvement of drilling that draws on a new generation of various technologies to achieve goals of improved drilling cost and reduced impact to the environment.

Kent Perry; Samih Batarseh; Sheriff Gowelly; Thomas Hayes

2006-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

414

Behavior and rupture of hydrided Zircaloy-4 tubes and sheets  

SciTech Connect

Zirconium alloys are used as structural parts in the nuclear fuel assembly. The mechanical behavior and rupture mechanisms of ZIRCALOY-4 guide tubes and sheet containing 150 to 1,200 wt ppm hydrogen have been investigated at room temperature. Sheets were notched to study the influence of geometrical defects on rupture. It is shown that hydrides strengthened the material, as maximum stresses sustained by the material are increased with increasing hydrogen contents. On the other hand, ductility is reduced. The material also exhibits a strong anisotropy due to its pronounced texture. Metallographic examinations have shown that damage by hydride cracking is a continuous process that starts after the onset of necking. Notches reduce ductility. A modified Gurson-Tvergaard model was used to represent the material behavior and rupture. Numerical simulation using the finite element method demonstrates the strong influence of plastic anisotropy on the behavior of structures and rupture modes.

Prat, F.; Besson, J. [Ecole des Mines de Paris, Evry (France); Grange, M. [Framatome Nuclear Fuel, Lyon (France); Andrieu, E. [ENSCT, Toulouse (France). Lab. Materiaux

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Fluidized bed combustor and removable windbox and tube assembly therefor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fluidized bed combustor comprises a housing having a chamber therein with a top having a discharge for the gases which are generated in the chamber and a bottom with a discharge for heated fluid. An assembly is arranged in the lower portion of the chamber and the assembly includes a lower plate which is mounted on a support flange of the housing so that it is spaced from the bottom of the chamber and defines a fluid plenum between it and the bottom of the chamber for the discharge of heated fluid. The assembly includes a heat exchanger inlet plenum having tubes therethrough for the passage of fluidizer air and a windbox above the heat exchanger plenum which has a distributor plate top wall. A portion of the chamber above the top wall defines a fluidized bed.

DeFeo, Angelo (Totowa, NJ); Hosek, William (Mt. Tabor, NJ)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Fluidized bed combustor and removable windbox and tube assembly therefor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fluidized bed combustor comprises a housing having a chamber therein with a top having a discharge for the gases which are generated in the chamber and a bottom with a discharge for heated fluid. An assembly is arranged in the lower portion of the chamber and the assembly includes a lower plate which is mounted on a support flange of the housing so that it is spaced from the bottom of the chamber and defines a fluid plenum between it and the bottom of the chamber for the discharge of heated fluid. The assembly includes a heat exchanger inlet plenum having tubes therethrough for the passage of fluidizer air and a windbox above the heat exchanger plenum which has a distributor plate top wall. A portion of the chamber above the top wall defines a fluidized bed.

DeFeo, Angelo (Totowa, NJ); Hosek, William S. (Mt. Tabor, NJ)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Erosion of heat exchanger tubes in fluidized beds. Annual report, 1990  

SciTech Connect

This final report describes the activities of the 3-year project entitled ``Erosion of Heat Exchanger Tubes In Fluidized Beds.`` which was completed at the end of 1990. Project accomplishments include the collection of a substantial body of wear data In a 24in. {times} 24in. fluidized bed, comparative wear results In a 6in. {times} 6in. fluidized bed, the development of a dragometer and the collection of a comprehensive set of drag force data in the 24in. {times} 24in. bed, Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) analysis of bubble probe data to establish dominant bubble frequencies in the 24in. {times} 24in. bed, the use of a heat flux gauge for measurement of heat transfer coefficients in the 24in. {times} 24in. bed and the modeling of the tube wear in the 24in. {times} 24in. bed. Analysis of the wear data from the 24in. square bed indicates that tube wear increases with increase in superficial velocity, and with increase in tube height. The latter effect is a result of the tubes higher up in the bed seeing greater movement of dense phase than tubes lower down In the bed. In addition, tube wear was found to decrease with increase in particle size, for constant superficial velocity. Three models of tube wear were formulated and provided acceptable prediction of wear when compared with the experimental data.

Johnson, E.K.; Flemmer, R.L.C.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Ball-in-Tube Linearization Example Lab 5: Nonlinear Control for a Flexible Joint  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in this simple case). Of course, the point-mass and lift-coefficient approximations may be overly na-in-tubes experiment. In it, there are four tubes that each have a ball riding in them that is pushed up and down a lift-coefficient hypothesis, assume that the thrust is proportional to the square of the voltage

419

Effects of winglets to augment tube wall heat transfer in louvered fin heat exchangers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of winglets to augment tube wall heat transfer in louvered fin heat exchangers Paul A transfer along the tube wall of the compact heat exchanger through the use of winglets placed of attack, aspect ratio, direction, and shape, were all evaluated based on heat transfer augmentation

Thole, Karen A.

420

Finite element solutions of heat transfer in molten polymer flow in tubes with viscous dissipation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite element solutions of heat transfer in molten polymer flow in tubes with viscous dissipation the results of finite element analysis of a heat transfer problem of flowing polymer melts in a tube­Nusselt problem 1. Introduction Heat transfer to incompressible viscous non-Newto- nian fluids is a problem

Wei, Dongming

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Portals to an Architecture: Design of a temporary structure with paper tube arches Steven J. Preston  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2011 Keywords: Architecture Structure Engineering Sculpture Sustainability Paper tubes a b s t r a cPortals to an Architecture: Design of a temporary structure with paper tube arches Steven J t Sustainable recyclable paper and composite materials can be ideal choices for the construction of tempo- rary

Bank, Lawrence C.

422

Two-Phase Flow of HCFC-22 and HFC-134a through Short Tube Orifices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HCFC-22 and HFC-134a were used with short tube orifices having length to diameter ratios ranging from 5 to 20 in a 9.53 mm (3/8 in.) refrigerant line to investigate both two-phase and subcooled liquid flow entering the short tubes. Flow temperature...

Yongchan, K.

2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

423

Collector surface for a microwave tube comprising a carbon-bonded carbon-fiber composite  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a microwave tube, an improved collector surface coating comprises a porous carbon composite material, preferably a carbon-bonded carbon fiber composite having a bulk density less than about 2 g/cc. Installation of the coating is readily adaptable as part of the tube manufacturing process.

Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); McMillan, April D. (Knoxville, TN); Johnson, Arvid C. (Lake in the Hills, IL); Moorhead, Arthur J. (Knoxville, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Collector surface for a microwave tube comprising a carbon-bonded carbon-fiber composite  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a microwave tube, an improved collector surface coating comprises a porous carbon composite material, preferably a carbon-bonded carbon fiber composite having a bulk density less than about 2 g/cc. Installation of the coating is readily adaptable as part of the tube manufacturing process. 4 figs.

Lauf, R.J.; McMillan, A.D.; Johnson, A.C.; Moorhead, A.J.

1998-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

425

Measurements of Film Flow Rate in Heated Tubes with Various Axial Power Distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurements of Film Flow Rate in Heated Tubes with Various Axial Power Distributions by Carl, Measurements of Film Flow Rate in Heated Tubes with Various Axial Power Distributions KTH Nuclear Reactor power is limited by a phenomenon called critical heat flux (CHF). It appears as a sudden detoriation

Haviland, David

426

Investigations on the Failure of Economizer Tubes in a High-Pressure Boiler  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article describes the results of an investigation concerning the failure of economizer tubes of a high-pressure boiler in ... . The cause of the failure of the economizer tube appears to be H2SO4 dew-point c...

M. Mobin; A. U. Malik; M. Al-Hajri

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Effects of residual stresses on the fracture toughness of Zircaloy-2 tubes  

SciTech Connect

Data applicable to evaluating the fracture toughness of Zircaloy-2 pressure tubes were evaluated according to the criteria in ASTM Standards E399 and E813. It was found that the data did not meet the criteria specified in the standards, thus making it necessary to account for residual stress in determining the fracture toughness of the tubes. Therefore, residual stress in pressure tube specimens was experimentally determined to allow the incorporation of residual stresses in the calculation of fracture toughness. Sections of as fabricated 82.5 mm OD Zircaloy-2 tubes in the 30% cold worked condition were used in testing. Electrochemical Machining (ECM) was used to remove material from the interior of the tube, while measuring the resulting change in strain on the exterior of the tube with delta rosette strain gages. Utilization of this technique to reduce the cross sectional area of a tube without introducing additional stresses offers an accurate procedure for obtaining data to calculate the residual stress distribution. Assuming elastic anisotropy, the stress equations developed by Voyiadjis, Kiousis, and Hartley were used to determine the residual tangential, radial, and longitudinal stresses as a function of wall thickness. Additionally, these equations allow the determination of the shear stress and subsequently the principal stress profiles. It was found that the measured residual stress level was high enough that it must be accounted for when determining the fracture toughness of the subject Zircaloy-2 tubes. 7 refs., 7 figs.

Mohamadian, H.P.; Mirshams, A.R. (Southern Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (USA). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering); Cunningham, M.E. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA))

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Anomalous bubble propagation in elastic tubes Alexandra Heap and Anne Juela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anomalous bubble propagation in elastic tubes Alexandra Heap and Anne Juela Manchester Centre of bubble with a characteristic rounded tip, our experiments reveal a surprising selection of novel bubbles with counterintuitive shapes that reopen strongly collapsed, liquid-filled elastic tubes. Our multiple bubbles

429

Steady axisymmetric motion of a small bubble in a tube with flowing liquid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...axisymmetric motion of a small bubble in a tube with flowing liquid...behaviour of a relatively small bubble moving with a flowing liquid...method to the problem of elastic stability. J. Appl. Mech. 39, 1060-1065...Kiss 1986 On the motion of bubbles in capillary tubes. J. Fluid...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Improved Anaerobic Digestion by the Addition of Paper Tube Residuals: Pretreatment, Stabilizing, and Synergetic Effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pretreatments with steam explosion were performed on the paper tubes and evaluated by batch assays measuring the biomethane potential. ... 3.1 Biomethane Potential of Untreated and Treated Paper Tubes: Batch Assays ... The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of steam pretreatment on the biomethane potential of biofibers from digested manure. ...

Anna Teghammar; Maria del Pilar Castillo; Johnny Ascue; Claes Niklasson; Ilona Sárvári Horváth

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

431

Overview of the DOE studies of recovery boiler floor tube cracking  

SciTech Connect

Cracking of the stainless steel layer of coextruded 304L/SA210 recovery boiler floor tubes has been observed in an increasing number of black liquor recovery boilers. Because failure of such tubes is a serious safety concern as well as an economic issue, this project was initiated with the objective of identifying alternate materials or process changes that would prevent tube cracking. Tensile stresses are essential for the most likely failure mechanisms, i.e., fatigue or stress corrosion cracking, therefore stresses were measured at room temperature and modeling was used to predict stresses under operating conditions. Laboratory studies have identified conditions under which composite tubes crack due to thermal fatigue and stress corrosion. Floor tube temperature measurements have defined the magnitude and frequency of temperature fluctuations experienced by such tubes, and smelt corrosion studies have measured the degradation rate when molten smelt comes in contact with tubes. Based on these observations, certain materials appear more likely to resist cracking and certain process changes should help avoid conditions that cause composite tube cracking.

Keiser, J.R.; Taljat, B.; Wang, X.L. [and others

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

THE USE OF LARGE APERTURE ACCELERATING TUBES AT HIGH POTENTIAL GRADIENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

observed in a mass analysis of the residual vacuum. Before removal of the accelerating tubes the mercury1507 THE USE OF LARGE APERTURE ACCELERATING TUBES AT HIGH POTENTIAL GRADIENTS J. H. BROADHURST John H. Williams Laboratory of Nuclear Physics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, U

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

433

Towards a shock tube method for the dynamic calibration of pressure sensors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...theory A simple shock tube consists of two straight tubes of the same circular cross section...subsequent tests with those from the previous runs using the 0.1mm brass diaphragm material...Brunt, M , C Pond, and J Biundo. 1998 Gasoline engine knock analysis using cylinder pressure...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Characterization of the collisionally pumped optical-field-ionized soft-x-ray laser at 41.8nm driven in capillary tubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on experimental and theoretical studies of a collisionally pumped, optical-field-ionized soft-x-ray laser (SXRL) at 41.8nm driven in capillary tubes with smooth inner surface. A detailed experimental study has been conducted in order to understand the key effects related to guiding in this configuration. The amplifying plasma was created inside few-cm-long capillary tubes, and maximum extreme ultraviolet emission was obtained when operating in a multimode guiding regime with an optimized lasing signal from a 25-mm-long capillary a factor of 3 higher than that of a gas cell and with a beam divergence reduced by a factor of 3. A numerical code, named COFIXE, has been developed to calculate the SXRL signal emitted by the plasma source. It includes the calculation of the pump beam propagation, the determination of the plasma state just after the interaction with the pump beam, the calculation of the evolution of the local properties of the plasma during the subsequent few ps, and the calculation of the amplification and transport of the SXRL emission. Excellent agreement has been obtained between experiment and theory for several features such as the divergence of the beam, the correlation between guided pump beam transmission and SXRL energy, and the enhancement factor induced by guiding.

B. Cros; T. Mocek; I. Bettaibi; G. Vieux; M. Farinet; J. Dubau; S. Sebban; G. Maynard

2006-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

435

Multi-criteria selection of an Air Quality Model configuration based on quantitative and linguistic evaluations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents the application of multi-criteria evaluation in the selection of an optimal configuration for an Air Quality Model. The simulation domains focus on the Mexico City Metropolitan Area. A set of 10 different configurations were considered ... Keywords: Air quality, Multi-criteria evaluation, Pareto Fronts, WRF-Chem

V. H. Almanza; I. Batyrshin; G. Sosa

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

A Method for the Determination of the Configuration of Organic Molecules using ‘Stereo-selective Adsorbents'  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... We now report the preparation of 'stereo-selective adsorbents' suitable for application to the allocation of configurations to stereoisomers. The adsorbent is prepared ... principle of the method and demonstrates the degree of con-figurational selectivity of suitable 'stereoselective adsorbents'. Silica, gel was prepared in the presence of quinine, partialiy dried, partially ...

A. H. BECKETT; PATRICIA ANDERSON

1957-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

437

Design Optimization of MultiElement Aerodynamic Configurations Using a Viscous  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design Optimization of Multi­Element Aerodynamic Configurations Using a Viscous Adjoint Method.S.A An adjoint-based Navier-Stokes design and optimization method for multi-element aerodynamic configurations effects. Using a viscous continuous adjoint formulation, the necessary aerodynamic gradient information

Kim, Sangho

438

Study on intelligent contract information configuration and analysis by case-based reasoning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an intelligent contract analysis and processing method, which can process a mass of contract information to meet the various demands of the enterprises. Here contracts are properly decomposed and configured according to their important ... Keywords: case-based reasoning (CBR), contract intelligent configuration, contract intelligent processing, data mining, knowledge database

Yi Sun; Jianrong Tan; Yalang Mao; Ming Lou

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Spheromak merging and field reversed configuration formation at the Swarthmore Spheromak Experimenta...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spheromak merging and field reversed configuration formation at the Swarthmore Spheromak- and counter-helicity spheromak merging studies at the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment SSX M. R. Brown, Phys configuration FRC formation and stability by counter-helicity spheromak merging. A pair of midplane coils

Brown, Michael R.

440

Force Free Configurations of Vortices in High Temperature Superconductors near H_{c2}  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study force-free configurations of Abrikosov flux lines in the line-liquid and line-crystal limit, near the melting transition at H_m. We show that the condition for zero force configurations can be solved by appealing to the structure of chiral liquid crystalline phases.

Randall D. Kamien

1998-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

A Safety Case Approach to Assuring Configurable Architectures of Safety-Critical Product Lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Safety Case Approach to Assuring Configurable Architectures of Safety-Critical Product Lines to the development of safety-critical systems. A product line offers large-scale reuse by exploiting common features the safety of architectural configurations and variation when developing product-line safety cases. We

Kelly, Tim

442

Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000 2 · Create a new;Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000 3

Blackwell, Keith

443

SP 800-128. Guide for Security-Focused Configuration Management of Information Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of Special Publication 800-128, Guide for Security-Focused Configuration Management of Information Systems, is to provide guidelines for organizations responsible for managing and administering the security of federal information systems ... Keywords: Configuration management, SecCM, control, information systems, monitoring, risk management framework, security content automation protocol (SCAP), security program, security-focused continuous monitoring

L. Arnold Johnson; Kelley L. Dempsey; Ronald S. Ross; Sarbari Gupta; Dennis Bailey

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Configuration interaction calculation of the specific mass shift for atoms with few valence electrons.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) calculation. If technically Electronic address: mgk@MF1309.spb.edu possible, we allow all configurations two valence electrons. II. DETAILS OF THE CALCULATIONS In this work we calculated SMS for the low-valence correlations were included. Si II, which has a ground state configuration 3s2 3p was calculated in [1] as a one-electron

Kozlov, Mikhail G

445

OPTIMAL CONFIGURATION OF A COMMAND AND CONTROL NETWORK: BALANCING PERFORMANCE AND RECONFIGURATION CONSTRAINTS  

SciTech Connect

The optimization of the configuration of communications and control networks is important for assuring the reliability and performance of the networks. This paper presents techniques for determining the optimal configuration for such a network in the presence of communication and connectivity constraints.

L. DOWELL

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Optimizing a physical security configuration using a highly detailed simulation model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimizing a physical security configuration using a highly detailed simulation model Marechal, T. Email: tommarechal@hotmail.com Abstract This chapter focuses on using a highly detailed simulation model. In this chapter describes the use of a highly detailed simulation model to find a superior security configuration

Smith, Alice E.

447

V-120: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Java RMI Access Control  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Java RMI Access 0: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Java RMI Access Control Flaw Lets Remote Users Gain Full Control V-120: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Java RMI Access Control Flaw Lets Remote Users Gain Full Control March 27, 2013 - 12:51am Addthis PROBLEM: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Java RMI Access Control Flaw Lets Remote Users Gain Full Control PLATFORM: Version(s): prior to 9.2 ABSTRACT: Two vulnerabilities were reported in EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager. REFERENCE LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1028342 www.emc.com CVE-2013-0935 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: A remote user can access some Java Remote Method Invocation methods without authenticating to gain control of the target system. A user can exploit unspecified flaws in the NCM System Management

448

V-120: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Java RMI Access Control  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Java RMI Access 0: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Java RMI Access Control Flaw Lets Remote Users Gain Full Control V-120: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Java RMI Access Control Flaw Lets Remote Users Gain Full Control March 27, 2013 - 12:51am Addthis PROBLEM: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Java RMI Access Control Flaw Lets Remote Users Gain Full Control PLATFORM: Version(s): prior to 9.2 ABSTRACT: Two vulnerabilities were reported in EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager. REFERENCE LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1028342 www.emc.com CVE-2013-0935 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: A remote user can access some Java Remote Method Invocation methods without authenticating to gain control of the target system. A user can exploit unspecified flaws in the NCM System Management

449

Analysis of potential for jet-impingement erosion from leaking steam generator tubes during severe accidents.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes analytical evaluation of crack-opening areas and leak rates of superheated steam through flaws in steam generator tubes and erosion of neighboring tubes due to jet impingement of superheated steam with entrained particles from core debris created during severe accidents. An analytical model for calculating crack-opening area as a function of time and temperature was validated with tests on tubes with machined flaws. A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics code was used to calculate the jet velocity impinging on neighboring tubes as a function of tube spacing and crack-opening area. Erosion tests were conducted in a high-temperature, high-velocity erosion rig at the University of Cincinnati, using micrometer-sized nickel particles mixed in with high-temperature gas from a burner. The erosion results, together with analytical models, were used to estimate the erosive effects of superheated steam with entrained aerosols from the core during severe accidents.

Majumdar, S.; Diercks, D. R.; Shack, W. J.; Energy Technology

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Experiment and analysis of instability of tube rows subject to liquid crossflow. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect

A tube array subjected to crossflow may become unstable by either one or both of the two basic mechanisms: velocity mechanism and displacement mechanism. The significance of these two mechanisms depends on the mass-damping parameter. The velocity mechanism is dominant for tube arrays with a low mass-damping parameter, and the displacement mechanism is dominant for tube arrays with a high mass-damping parameter. This report presents an experimental and analytical investigation of tube rows in liquid crossflow. The main objective is to verify a mathematical model and the transition between the two mechanisms at the intermediate values of mass-damping parameter. Tests of two tube rows are conducted to determine the critical flow velocity as a function of system damping. Experimental and analytical results are found to be in good agreement.

Chen, S.S.; Jendrzejczyk, J.A.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Using computational modeling to compare X-ray tube Practical Peak Voltage for Dental Radiology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Practical Peak Voltage-PPV has been adopted to measure the voltage applied to an X-ray tube. The PPV was recommended by the IEC document and accepted and published in the TRS no. 457 code of practice. The PPV is defined and applied to all forms of waves and is related to the spectral distribution of X-rays and to the properties of the image. The calibration of X-rays tubes was performed using the MCNPX Monte Carlo code. An X-ray tube for Dental Radiology (operated from a single phase power supply) and an X-ray tube used as a reference (supplied from a constant potential power supply) were used in simulations across the energy range of interest of 40 kV to 100 kV. Results obtained indicated a linear relationship between the tubes involved.

Deisemar Holanda Cassiano; Samanda Cristine Arruda Correa; Edmilson Monteiro de Souza; Ademir Xaxier da Silva; José Guilherme Pereira Peixoto; Ricardo Tadeu Lopes

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Pool boiling heat transfer enhancement over cylindrical tubes with water at atmospheric pressure, Part I: Experimental results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pool boiling heat transfer enhancement over cylindrical tubes with water at atmospheric pressure online 4 May 2013 Keywords: Pool boiling Heat transfer enhancement Open microchannels Cylindrical tube boiling heat transfer over enhanced cylindrical microchannel test surfaces with water at atmospheric

Kandlikar, Satish

453

In-Situ Preparation and thermal shock resistance of mullite-cordierite heat tube material for solar thermal power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to improve the thermal shock resistance of solar thermal heat transfer tube material, the mullite-cordierite composite ceramic as solar thermal heat transfer tube material were fabricated by...?-Al2O3......

Xiaohong Xu ???; Xionghua Ma; Jianfeng Wu…

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

A Four-Valve Pulse Tube Cryocooler with a Cooling Power over 30 W at 80 K  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A single stage four-valve pulse tube cryocooler with a large cooling power at 80 K has been built and ... investigating the influence of pulse tube size on cooling performance. Initial test demonstrated that the ...

R. Li; K. Kanao; N. Watanabe; Y. Kanazawa

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Hydride blisters Formation, Characterization and Effect on the Fracture of Zircaloy-4 Cladding Tubes Under Reactivity Initiated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

failure in 1983[2], when an axial crack developed in a CANDU pressure tube following an array of hydride

456

Directly connected heat exchanger tube section and coolant-cooled structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cooling apparatus for an electronics rack is provided which includes an air-to-liquid heat exchanger, one or more coolant-cooled structures and a tube. The heat exchanger, which is associated with the electronics rack and disposed to cool air passing through the rack, includes a plurality of distinct, coolant-carrying tube sections, each tube section having a coolant inlet and a coolant outlet, one of which is coupled in fluid communication with a coolant loop to facilitate flow of coolant through the tube section. The coolant-cooled structure(s) is in thermal contact with an electronic component(s) of the rack, and facilitates transfer of heat from the component(s) to the coolant. The tube connects in fluid communication one coolant-cooled structure and the other of the coolant inlet or outlet of the one tube section, and facilitates flow of coolant directly between that coolant-carrying tube section of the heat exchanger and the coolant-cooled structure.

Chainer, Timothy J; Coico, Patrick A; Graybill, David P; Iyengar, Madhusudan K; Kamath, Vinod; Kochuparambil, Bejoy J; Schmidt, Roger R; Steinke, Mark E

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

A Built for Purpose Micro-Hole Coiled Tubing Rig (MCTR)  

SciTech Connect

This report will serve as the final report on the work performed from the contract period October 2005 thru April 2007. The project 'A Built for Purpose Microhole Coiled Tubing Rig (MCTR)' purpose was to upgrade an existing state-of-the-art Coiled Tubing Drilling Rig to a Microhole Coiled Tubing Rig (MCTR) capable of meeting the specifications and tasks of the Department of Energy. The individual tasks outlined to meet the Department of Energy's specifications are: (1) Concept and development of lubricator and tool deployment system; (2) Concept and development of process control and data acquisition; (3) Concept and development of safety and efficiency improvements; and (4) Final unit integration and testing. The end result of the MCTR upgrade has produced a unit capable of meeting the following requirements: (1) Capable of handling 1-inch through 2-3/8-inch coiled tubing (Currently dressed for 2-3/8-inch coiled tubing and capable of running up to 3-1/2-inch coiled tubing); (2) Capable of drilling and casing surface, intermediate, production and liner hole intervals; (3) Capable of drilling with coiled tubing and has all controls and installation piping for a top drive; (4) Rig is capable of running 7-5/8-inch range 2 casing; and (5) Capable of drilling 5,000 ft true vertical depth (TVD) and 6,000 ft true measured depth (TMD).

Bart Patton

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

458

LANSCE Drift Tube Linac Water Control System Refurbishment  

SciTech Connect

There are several refurbishment projects underway at the Los Alamos National Laboratory LANSCE linear accelerator. Systems involved are: RF, water cooling, networks, diagnostics, timing, controls, etc. The Drift Tube Linac (DTL) portion of the accelerator consists of four DTL tanks, each with three independent water control systems. The systems are about 40 years old, use outdated and non-replaceable equipment and NIM bin control modules, are beyond their design life and provide unstable temperature control. Insufficient instrumentation and documentation further complicate efforts at maintaining system performance. Detailed design of the replacement cooling systems is currently in progress. Previous design experience on the SNS accelerator water cooling systems will be leveraged, see the SNS DTL FDR. Plans call for replacement of water piping, manifolds, pumps, valves, mix tanks, instrumentation (flow, pressure and temperature) and control system hardware and software. This presentation will focus on the control system design with specific attention on planned use of the National Instruments Compact RIO platform with the Experimental Physics and Industrial Control system (EPICS) software toolkit.

Marroquin, Pilar S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Fracture and tensile properties of irradiated zircaloy-2 pressure tubes  

SciTech Connect

The mechanical properties of nuclear reactor components degrade as a result of long service exposure in high-temperature, irradiation, and corrosive environments. Fracture toughness and tensile testing are conducted on the pressure tubes of Zircaloy-2 to evaluate the effects of neutron fluence, hydrogen content, and temperature on the mechanical properties. Tensile tests are performed on the base metal, and fracture toughness tests are performed on both the base and weld metals. Neutron irradiation increases the strength, reduces ductility, and significantly degrades fracture toughness. The postirradiation fracture toughness increases substantially as the test temperature is increased from room temperature to 250 C. Hydrogen levels up to 250 ppm are found to have little or no effect on the postirradiation fracture toughness. Because of its anisotropic nature, Zircaloy-2 displays different fracture resistances, depending on crack orientation. In the base metal, the fracture toughness in the longitudinal orientation is higher than that for the circumferential orientation, and this difference is enhanced at higher temperatures. The weld exhibits lower toughness in the longitudinal direction.

Huang, F.H.; Mills, W.J. (Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States))

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Low-cost evacuated-tube solar collector. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A prototype design for an evacuated tube air cooled solar collector module has been completed. A product cost study, based on the production of 60,000 of the prototype modules per year (approx. 1,000,000 square feet annually), estimates that the module as shipped would have a cost at inventory of $7.09 to $7.40 per square foot of aperture. Computer programs were developed to predict the optical and thermal performance of the module. Antireflective coatings (porous aluminum oxide) which could be formed by spraying or dipping were demonstrated but degraded more rapidly when exposed to a high humidity ambient than acid etched films. A selective black chromium oxide multi-layered graded film was vapor deposited which had an absorptivity of about 0.9 and an emissivity of 0.03. When the film was heated to temperatures of 400/sup 0/C in a gettered vacuum for as little as 24 hours, however, irreversible changes took place both between and within coating layers which resulted in ..cap alpha.. decreasing to about 0.73 and epsilon increasing to 0.14. The product cost studies indicate that module design changes are warranted to reduce product cost prior to tooling for production.

Not Available

1981-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Bound States for Nano-Tubes with a Dislocation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As a model for an interface in solid state physics, we consider two real-valued potentials $V^{(1)}$ and $V^{(2)}$ on the cylinder or tube $S=\\mathbb R \\times (\\mathbb R/\\mathbb Z)$ where we assume that there exists an interval $(a_0,b_0)$ which is free of spectrum of $-\\Delta+V^{(k)}$ for $k=1,2$. We are then interested in the spectrum of $H_t = -\\Delta + V_t$, for $t \\in \\mathbb R$, where $V_t(x,y) = V^{(1)}(x,y)$, for $x > 0$, and $V_t(x,y) = V^{(2)}(x+t,y)$, for $x < 0$. While the essential spectrum of $H_t$ is independent of $t$, we show that discrete spectrum, related to the interface at $x = 0$, is created in the interval $(a_0, b_0)$ at suitable values of the parameter $t$, provided $-\\Delta + V^{(2)}$ has some essential spectrum in $(-\\infty, a_0]$. We do not require $V^{(1)}$ or $V^{(2)}$ to be periodic. We furthermore show that the discrete eigenvalues of $H_t$ are Lipschitz continuous functions of $t$ if the potential $V^{(2)}$ is locally of bounded variation.

Rainer Hempel; Martin Kohlmann; Marko Stautz; Jürgen Voigt

2014-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

462

Development of Friction Factor Correlation for Single-phase Flow in Micro-fin Tube Using Logistic Dose Response Curve  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@umac.mo Abstract: Tam et al. [1] conducted simultaneous heat transfer and friction factor experiments for the plain the same as the plain tube. However, the friction factor characteristics of the micro-fin tubes in the transition region were different compared to the plain tube. This type of data cannot be easily correlated

Ghajar, Afshin J.

463

New correlation to predict the heat transfer coefficient in-tube cooling of supercritical CO{sub 2} in horizontal macro-tubes  

SciTech Connect

The heat transfer coefficient during gas cooling process of supercritical CO{sub 2} without lubricating oil in horizontal macro-tubes has experimentally investigated. Investigation has done on two stainless steel circular tubes having inside-diameter of 4.55 mm and 7.75 mm and carried out for CO{sub 2} mass fluxes of 200-600 kg/m{sup 2} s, inlet fluid pressures of 7.5-10.0 MPa, and the inlet fluid temperatures of 90-100 C. The experimental results indicate that the gas cooling pressure, the inner tube diameter, the mass flux and the temperature of CO{sub 2} have significant effects on the heat transfer coefficient, especially near pseudo-critical region. The heat transfer coefficient decreases as the cooling pressure increases otherwise increases as mass flux increases. At any temperatures, smaller inner tube diameter shows higher heat transfer coefficient. In comparison between present experimental data and existing correlations from references, most of supercritical heat transfer correlations show large deviations with this present experimental data. Therefore, based on experimental data obtained in this present work, a new correlation is proposed to predict more accurate heat transfer coefficient of supercritical CO{sub 2} in horizontal macro-tubes under cooling conditions. The majority of the experimental values are within 13% of the values predicted by the new correlation. (author)

Oh, Hoo-Kyu; Son, Chang-Hyo [Department of Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Engineering, College of Engineering, Pukyong National University, San 100, Yongdang-dong, Nam-gu, Pusan 608-739 (Korea)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

464

3D Thermal-structural Analysis of an Absorber Tube of a Parabolic Trough Collector and the Effect of Tube Deflection on Optical Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper deformation rate of an absorber tube of a parabolic trough collector due to a 3D solar flux density distribution is studied theoretically. Three dimensional temperature distribution and tube thermal expansion due to non-uniform solar flux over the tube are determined numerically. The local concentration ratio for the parabolic trough collectors, which is a key boundary condition in the thermal analysis is computed by Monte Carlo Ray Tracing method for different conditions. The governing equations of thermo-elastic constitutive are solved in three dimensions for steady state thermal and static structural analysis with appropriate boundary condition using Finite Volume and Finite Element numerical codes. Thermal stresses and strain are determined for two types of collectors; first one is a constructed collector and second one is under construction at Shiraz (Iran) solar thermal power plant. Results of the local concentration ratio, flux density, temperature distribution and thermal expansions are determined for the designed conditions. Appropriate flow rate and convection coefficient for each season are found in order to decrease tube bending, prevent optical efficiency drop of collectors, keep high factor of safety, and reduce cyclic daily amplitude motion which lead to longer life time of absorber tube.

S.M. Akbarimoosavi; M. Yaghoubi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Configuration Management Assessment Plan - Developed By NNSA/Nevada Site Office Independent Oversight Division  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Configuration Management Configuration Management Assessment Plan NNSA/Nevada Site Office Independent Oversight Division Performance Objective: The objective of this assessment is to determine whether a Configuration Management Program (CM) is in place which allows for the availability and retrievability of accurate information, improves response to design and operational decisions, enhances worker safety, increases facility safety and reliability, increases efficiency of work efforts, and helps maintain integrity of interfacing orders. Criteria: The CM program supports DOE program implementation through the following: It provides the mechanisms for identifying, cataloging, and maintaining the design requirements and design basis (established to satisfy DOE O 420.1 Facility Safety).

466

NPIP: A skew line needle configuration optimization system for HDR brachytherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: In this study, the authors introduce skew line needle configurations for high dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy and needle planning by integer program (NPIP), a computational method for generating these configurations. NPIP generates needle configurations that are specific to the anatomy of the patient, avoid critical structures near the penile bulb and other healthy structures, and avoid needle collisions inside the body. Methods: NPIP consisted of three major components: a method for generating a set of candidate needles, a needle selection component that chose a candidate needle subset to be inserted, and a dose planner for verifying that the final needle configuration could meet dose objectives. NPIP was used to compute needle configurations for prostate cancer data sets from patients previously treated at our clinic. NPIP took two user-parameters: a number of candidate needles, and needle coverage radius, {delta}. The candidate needle set consisted of 5000 needles, and a range of {delta} values was used to compute different needle configurations for each patient. Dose plans were computed for each needle configuration. The number of needles generated and dosimetry were analyzed and compared to the physician implant. Results: NPIP computed at least one needle configuration for every patient that met dose objectives, avoided healthy structures and needle collisions, and used as many or fewer needles than standard practice. These needle configurations corresponded to a narrow range of {delta} values, which could be used as default values if this system is used in practice. The average end-to-end runtime for this implementation of NPIP was 286 s, but there was a wide variation from case to case. Conclusions: The authors have shown that NPIP can automatically generate skew line needle configurations with the aforementioned properties, and that given the correct input parameters, NPIP can generate needle configurations which meet dose objectives and use as many or fewer needles than the current HDR brachytherapy workflow. Combined with robot assisted brachytherapy, this system has the potential to reduce side effects associated with treatment. A physical trial should be done to test the implant feasibility of NPIP needle configurations.

Siauw, Timmy; Cunha, Adam; Berenson, Dmitry; Atamtuerk, Alper; Hsu, I-Chow; Goldberg, Ken; Pouliot, Jean [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, 760 Davis Hall, Berkeley, California 94720-1710 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco, Comprehensive Cancer Center, 1600 Divisadero Street, Suite H1031, San Francisco, California 94143-1708 (United States); Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California, Berkeley, 4th Floor Sutardja Dai Hall, Berkeley, California 94720-1764 (United States); Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations, University of California, Berkeley, 4141 Etcheverry Hall, Berkeley, California 94720-1777 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco, Comprehensive Cancer Center, 1600 Divisadero Street, Suite H1031, San Francisco, California 94143-1708 (United States); Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research and Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California, Berkeley, 4141 Etcheverry Hall, Berkeley, California 94720-1777 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco, Comprehensive Cancer Center, 1600 Divisadero Street, Suite H1031, San Francisco, California 94143-1708 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

467

Flow distribution analysis on the cooling tube network of ITER thermal shield  

SciTech Connect

Thermal shield (TS) is to be installed between the vacuum vessel or the cryostat and the magnets in ITER tokamak to reduce the thermal radiation load to the magnets operating at 4.2K. The TS is cooled by pressurized helium gas at the inlet temperature of 80K. The cooling tube is welded on the TS panel surface and the composed flow network of the TS cooling tubes is complex. The flow rate in each panel should be matched to the thermal design value for effective radiation shielding. This paper presents one dimensional analysis on the flow distribution of cooling tube network for the ITER TS. The hydraulic cooling tube network is modeled by an electrical analogy. Only the cooling tube on the TS surface and its connecting pipe from the manifold are considered in the analysis model. Considering the frictional factor and the local loss in the cooling tube, the hydraulic resistance is expressed as a linear function with respect to mass flow rate. Sub-circuits in the TS are analyzed separately because each circuit is controlled by its own control valve independently. It is found that flow rates in some panels are insufficient compared with the design values. In order to improve the flow distribution, two kinds of design modifications are proposed. The first one is to connect the tubes of the adjacent panels. This will increase the resistance of the tube on the panel where the flow rate is excessive. The other design suggestion is that an orifice is installed at the exit of tube routing where the flow rate is to be reduced. The analysis for the design suggestions shows that the flow mal-distribution is improved significantly.

Nam, Kwanwoo; Chung, Wooho; Noh, Chang Hyun; Kang, Dong Kwon; Kang, Kyoung-O; Ahn, Hee Jae; Lee, Hyeon Gon [ITER Korea, National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

468

Development of the SSC (Superconducting Super Collider) trim coil beam tube assembly  

SciTech Connect

The Superconducting Super Collider uses approx. =9600 dipole magnets. The magnets have been carefully designed to exhibit minimal magnetic field harmonics. However, because of superconductor magnetization effects, iron saturation and conductor/coil positioning errors, certain harmonic errors are possible and must be corrected by use of multipole correctors called trim coils. For the most efficient use of axial space in the magnet, and lowest possible current, a distributed internal correction coil design is planned. The trim coil assembly is secured to the beam tube, a uhv tube with special strength, size, conductivity and vacuum. The report details the SSC trim coil/beam tube assembly specifications, history, and ongoing development.

Skaritka, J.; Kelly, E.; Schneider, W.; Shutt, R.; Thompson, P.; Wanderer, P.; Willen, E.; Bintinger, D.; Coluccio, R.; Schieber, L.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Early versus On-Demand Nasoenteric Tube Feeding in Acute Pancreatitis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...group) or to an oral diet starting at 72 hours (the on-demand group). Randomization was performed centrally by the study coordinator with the use of a Web-based system that used permuted-block randomization with a concealed, varying block size. Randomization was stratified according to treatment center... In this trial in patients with acute pancreatitis, early tube feeding was not superior to an oral diet after 72 hours (with tube feeding if needed) in reducing the rate of major infection or death. In the oral-diet group, 69% of patients did not require tube feeding.

Bakker O.J.; van Brunschot S.; van Santvoort H.C.

2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

470

Physical and Numerical Analysis of Extrusion Process for Production of Bimetallic Tubes  

SciTech Connect

Bimetallic tubes are used for very specific applications where one of the two metals provides strength and the other provides specific properties such as aqueous corrosion and carburization, coking resistance, and special electrical and thermal properties. Bimetallic tubes have application in pulp and paper industry for heat-recovery boilers, in the chemical industry for ethylene production, and in the petrochemical industry for deep oil well explorations. Although bimetallic tubes have major applications in energy-intensive industry, they often are not used because of their cost and manufacturing sources in the United States. This project was intended to address both of these issues.

Misiolek, W.Z.; Sikka, V.K.

2006-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

471

The effects of driver gas contamination on shock tube test time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I ST 0 F FIGURES Figure 1 Shock Tube Flow Pattern 2 Stationary Shock Wave Coordinate System 3 The Driver 4 The Transition Section 5 The Driven Tube 6 The Diffusion Pump 7 The Control Panel 8 Raster Oscilloscope Trace 9 Dual Beam Gun... an inside diameter of 2. 5 inches. The driver has been fitted with an alumina liner to reduce driver gas contamination. Transition from the 2. 5 inch diameter of the driver to the 11. 75 inch inside diameter of the driver tube is provided by a transition...

Hawkins, Garry Owen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

472

Spectrum of the QCD flux tube in 3d SU(2) lattice gauge theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evidence from the lattice suggests that formation of a flux tube between a $q\\bar{q}$ pair in the QCD vacuum leads to quark confinement. For large separations between the quarks, it is conjectured that the flux tube has a behaviour similar to an oscillating bosonic string, supported by lattice data for the groundstate $q\\bar{q}$ potential. We measure the excited states of the flux tube in 3d SU(2) gauge theory with three different couplings inside the scaling region. We compare our results to predictions of effective string theories.

Bastian B. Brandt; Pushan Majumdar

2009-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

473

A survey on energy storage resources configurations in order to propose an optimum configuration for smoothing fluctuations of future large wind power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract As the wind power capacity increases, the effect of wind power fluctuations on the system stability becomes more significant. Despite its high costs, utilizing energy storage resources such as batteries is inevitable in the smoothing process of wind power fluctuations. In a wind power plant, the place where batteries are located has considerable direct effect on their required capacity and thus on the initial investment cost. Therefore, in this paper a suitable configuration which significantly reduces the batteries investment cost is proposed and then the wind power fluctuation of a large wind power plant connected to a smart distribution grid is smoothed. Additionally, existing configurations for installing batteries in large wind power plants are investigated. The proposed configuration utilizes smart parks as aggregated storage resources in load side and an aggregated battery energy storage system with limited capacity in plant side as well. Therefore, in addition to accurate smoothing of wind power fluctuations, the energy storage investment cost is reduced significantly utilizing the proposed configuration. Simulation studies in MATLAB software package are carried out to verify the performance of the proposed approach.

M. Jannati; S.H. Hosseinian; B. Vahidi; Guo-Jie Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

VFLOW2D - A Vorte-Based Code for Computing Flow Over Elastically Supported Tubes and Tube Arrays  

SciTech Connect

A numerical flow model is developed to simulate two-dimensional fluid flow past immersed, elastically supported tube arrays. This work is motivated by the objective of predicting forces and motion associated with both deep-water drilling and production risers in the oil industry. This work has other engineering applications including simulation of flow past tubular heat exchangers or submarine-towed sensor arrays and the flow about parachute ribbons. In the present work, a vortex method is used for solving the unsteady flow field. This method demonstrates inherent advantages over more conventional grid-based computational fluid dynamics. The vortex method is non-iterative, does not require artificial viscosity for stability, displays minimal numerical diffusion, can easily treat moving boundaries, and allows a greatly reduced computational domain since vorticity occupies only a small fraction of the fluid volume. A gridless approach is used in the flow sufficiently distant from surfaces. A Lagrangian remap scheme is used near surfaces to calculate diffusion and convection of vorticity. A fast multipole technique is utilized for efficient calculation of velocity from the vorticity field. The ability of the method to correctly predict lift and drag forces on simple stationary geometries over a broad range of Reynolds numbers is presented.

WOLFE,WALTER P.; STRICKLAND,JAMES H.; HOMICZ,GREGORY F.; GOSSLER,ALBERT A.

2000-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

475

Surveillance Guide - CMS 3.3 Verification of System Configuration and Operations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VERIFICATION OF SYSTEM CONFIGURATION AND OPERATIONS VERIFICATION OF SYSTEM CONFIGURATION AND OPERATIONS 1.0 Objective The objective of this surveillance is for the Facility Representative to verify that the facility's configuration and operations are consistent with facility design basis documentation. These surveillance activities provide a basis for evaluating the effectiveness of the contractor's program for implementing design basis requirements and for ensuring compliance with DOE requirements. 2.0 References 2.1 DOE 4700.1, Project Management System 2.2 DOE 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities 2.3 DOE 5480.23, Safety Analysis Reports 2.4 DOE-STD-1073-93, Guide for Operational Configuration Management 3.0 Requirements Implemented This surveillance is conducted to implement requirements CM-0009

476

Questions and Answers - How do I read an electron configuration table?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How are electrons placed inshells around the nucleus? How are electrons placed in<br>shells around the nucleus? Previous Question (How are electrons placed in shells around the nucleus?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (What holds an electron around the nucleus?) What holds an electronaround the nucleus? How do I read an electron configuration table? Are you making a model of an atom and need to know how to place the electrons around the nucleus? If so, you will need to know how to read an element's electron configuration table. Follow these easy directions to learn how! What is an electron configuration table? An electron configuration table is a type of code that describes how many electrons are in each energy level of an atom and how the electrons are arranged within each energy level. It packs a lot of information into a

477

DOE Order Self Study Modules - DOE STD 1073-2003, Configuration Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

73-2003 73-2003 CONFIGURATION MANAGEMENT DOE -STD-1073-2003 Familiar Level August 2011 1 DOE-STD-1073-2003 CONFIGURATION MANAGEMENT FAMILIAR LEVEL OBJECTIVES Given the familiar level of this module and the resources, you will be able to answer the following questions: 1. What is the purpose of DOE-STD-1073-2003? 2. What are the objectives of configuration management? 3. To what type of DOE facility does DOE-STD-1073-2003 apply? 4. What is the first set of structures, systems, and components (SSCs) that must be included in a configuration management program? 5. What is a work control process? 6. What is the objective of change control? 7. What are three elements that a technical review is designed to verify? 8. What three elements should be included in a design basis review?

478

Oxygen-Consuming Chlor-Alkali Cell Configured To Minimize Peroxide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oxygen-Consuming Chlor-Alkali Cell Oxygen-Consuming Chlor-Alkali Cell Oxygen-Consuming Chlor-Alkali Cell Configured To Minimize Peroxide Formation Oxygen-consuming zero gap chlor-alkali cell was configured to minimize peroxide formation. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Oxygen-Consuming Chlor-Alkali Cell Configured To Minimize Peroxide Formation Oxygen-consuming zero gap chlor-alkali cell was configured to minimize peroxide formation. The cell included an ion-exchange membrane that divided the cell into an anode chamber including an anode and a cathode chamber including an oxygen gas diffusion cathode. The cathode included a single-piece of electrically conducting graphitized carbon cloth. Catalyst and polytetrafluoroethylene were attached to only one side of the cloth.

479

V-010: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote Users Take  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote 10: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote Users Take Administrative Actions V-010: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote Users Take Administrative Actions October 25, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches SNMP Configuration Lets Remote Users Take Administrative Actions PLATFORM: 3COM, and H3C Routers & Switches Specific products and model numbers is provided in the vendor's advisory. ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in 3Com, HP, and H3C Switches. REFERENCE LINKS: HP Support document ID: c03515685 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027694 CVE-2012-3268 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High DISCUSSION: A remote user with knowledge of the SNMP public community string can access potentially sensitive data (e.g., user names, passwords) in the

480

A Monte Carlo code describing the neutral gas transport in pipe configurations with attenuating media  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A three-dimensional Monte Carlo description of the neutral gas transport in pipe configurations with almost arbitrary torsion and curvature is presented. To avoid quadratic or even transcendental expressions describing the pipe surfaces confining and ...

A. Nicolai

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tube configurations counterflow" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Novel LNG-Based Integrated Process Configuration Alternatives for Coproduction of LNG and NGL  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, three novel process configurations for coproduction of LNG and NGL are introduced and analyzed. C3-MR, DMR, and MFC refrigeration systems are used for supplying the required refrigeration. High ethane recovery (90+%) and low specific power (...

Mehdi Mehrpooya; Mohammad Hossieni; Ali Vatani

2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

482

Configuration Management Plan for Long Length Contaminated Equipment Receiver and Transport Trailers  

SciTech Connect

Long Length Contaminated Equipment Removal System Receiver Trailer and Transport Trailer require a configuration management plan for design, requirements and operations baseline documents. This report serves as the plan for the Trailers.

DALE, R.N.

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

A Comprehensive Search for Stable Pt-Pd Nanoalloy Configurations and Their Use as Tunable Catalysts  

SciTech Connect

Using density-functional theory, we predict stable alloy configurations (ground states) for a 1 nm Pt–Pd cuboctahedral nanoparticle across the entire composition range and demonstrate their use as tunable alloy catalysts via hydrogen-adsorption studies. Unlike previous works, we use simulated annealing with a cluster expansion Hamiltonian to perform a rapid and comprehensive search that encompasses both high and low-symmetry configurations. The ground states show Pt(core)–Pd(shell) type configurations across all compositions but with specific Pd patterns. For catalysis studies at room temperatures, the ground states are more realistic structural models than the commonly assumed random alloy configurations. Using the ground states, we reveal that the hydrogen adsorption energy increases (decreases) monotonically with at. % Pt for the {111} hollow ({100} bridge) adsorption site. Such trends are useful for designing tunable Pd–Pt nanocatalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction.

Tan, Teck L.; Wang, Lin-Lin; Johnson, Duane D.; Bai, Kewu

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

484

Saltwell PIC Skid Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) Software Configuration Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

This document provides the procedures and guidelines necessary for computer software configuration management activities during the operation and maintenance phases of the Saltwell PIC Skids as required by LMH-PRO-309, Rev. 0, Computer Software Quality Assurance, Section 2.6, Software Configuration Management. The software configuration management plan (SCMP) integrates technical and administrative controls to establish and maintain technical consistency among requirements, physical configuration, and documentation for the Saltwell PIC Skid Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) software during the Hanford application, operations and maintenance. This SCMP establishes the Saltwell PIC Skid PLC Software Baseline, status changes to that baseline, and ensures that software meets design and operational requirements and is tested in accordance with their design basis.

KOCH, M.R.

1999-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

485

Saltwell Leak Detector Station Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP)  

SciTech Connect

This document provides the procedures and guidelines necessary for computer software configuration management activities during the operation and maintenance phases of the Saltwell Leak Detector Stations as required by HNF-PRO-309, Rev. 1, Computer Software Quality Assurance, Section 2.4, Software Configuration Management. The software configuration management plan (SCMP) integrates technical and administrative controls to establish and maintain technical consistency among requirements, physical configuration, and documentation for the Saltwell Leak Detector Station Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) software during the Hanford application, operations and maintenance. This SCMP establishes the Saltwell Leak Detector Station PLC Software Baseline, status changes to that baseline, and ensures that software meets design and operational requirements and is tested in accordance with their design basis.

WHITE, K.A.

2000-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

486

CogPiT ---Configuration of Protocols in TIP Burkhard Stiller \\Lambda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CogPiT --- Configuration of Protocols in TIP Burkhard Stiller \\Lambda University of Cambridge 334476, FAX: +44 +1223 334678 E­Mail: Burkhard.Stiller@cl.cam.ac.uk Abstract The variety of upcoming

Haddadi, Hamed

487

Highly configurable platforms for embedded computing systems Frank Vahida,*, Roman Lyseckya  

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Highly configurable platforms for embedded computing systems Frank Vahida,*, Roman Lyseckya 92521, USA Abstract Platform chips, which are pre-designed chips possessing numerous processors energy; Cache; Hardware/software partitioning; Architecture tuning 1. Introduction Integrated circuit (IC

Vahid, Frank

488

Analysis of Configurations for Photovoltaic Solar Energy Production Using Agent-Based Simulation  

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To configure a photovoltaic solar energy production plant the circumstances of a site play ... modules with micro-inverters are conceptualised as autonomous energy producing agents, which are monitored by a...

Jan Treur

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Computations of temperature profiles in spheromak configurations with open field lines Carl Sovinec  

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Computations of temperature profiles in spheromak configurations with open field lines Carl Sovinec 10/27/00 The NIMROD zero- spheromak simulation results have mostly open field lines for parameters

Sovinec, Carl