National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for tu res fo

  1. Tu3Og,

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    NV, 03 CP-36 April 17, 194' - Princeton University ~caz The specific heat of Tu3C3was determined accurately. The reaction of tuballoy with six ceramic materials at specified high temperatures is indicated. \ W-92 May 23, 1942 - New York University The specific heat and thermal conductivity of' tuballoy at room temperature are given. CP-92 Kay 23, 1942 - Princeton University Tu3Og, Thermal conductivity measurements of graphite, BeO, and Tu02 were made. CP-124 June 13, 1942 - Princet,Fn University

  2. RES Wisconsin

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development (The National Center) is proud to announce RES Wisconsin, which will be held October 6th – 9th, 2014 at the Potawatomi Hotel & Casino in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

  3. Tu Transformas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Efficiency, Renewable Energy Product: Tu Transformas is a Spain-based company with business practices in carbon management consultancy, renewable energy development, and...

  4. PaTu Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    PaTu Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name PaTu Wind Farm Facility PaTu Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Developer...

  5. National RES Las Vegas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    RES Las Vegas is another multifaceted event from The National Center which will feature unparalleled access to respected tribal leaders, members of congress, federal agency representatives, state...

  6. RES Las Vegas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development is hosting RES Las Vegas including a tradeshow, business expo, procurement, and more on March 9-12, 2015.

  7. RES D.C.

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development is hosting Reservation Economic Summit (RES), a four-day event that provides Native American businesses and entrepreneurs with the...

  8. RES Las Vegas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Reservation Economic Summit (RES) is taking place March 21–24, 2016, in Las Vegas. RES offers attendees access to tribal leaders, members of Congress, federal agency representatives, state and local elected officials, and top CEOs, on a national platform. Attendees will benefit from networking, training, and business development sessions.

  9. Eole RES | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Eole RES Jump to: navigation, search Name: Eole-RES Place: AVIGNON, France Zip: F-84000 Sector: Wind energy Product: EOLE-RES's expertise lies in the conception, development,...

  10. RES D.C.

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development is hosting Reservation Economic Summit (RES), a four-day event that provides Native American businesses and entrepreneurs with the tools they need to be successful.

  11. RES Las Vegas 2016

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development, Reservation Economic Summit (RES) is a four-day conference featuring training and business development opportunities, a tribal business leaders forum, a tradeshow and business expo featuring hundreds of exhibitors, and more!

  12. RES New Mexico

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development, Reservation Economic Summit (RES) is a four-day conference featuring training and business development opportunities, a tribal business leaders forum, a tradeshow and business expo featuring hundreds of exhibitors, and more!

  13. WA_00_022_CARGILL_DOW_POLYMERS_LLC_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Fo...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    22CARGILLDOWPOLYMERSLLCWaiverofDomesticandFo.pdf WA00022CARGILLDOWPOLYMERSLLCWaiverofDomesticandFo.pdf PDF icon WA00022CARGILLDOWPOLYMERSLLCWaiverofDom...

  14. RES North America LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    RES North America LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: RES North America LLC Place: Portland, Oregon Zip: 97258 Sector: Wind energy Product: US development arm of RES Ltd....

  15. 2013 guidance fo real Property Inventory Reporting | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    guidance fo real Property Inventory Reporting 2013 guidance fo real Property Inventory Reporting PDF icon SIGNED_FY13_Rpt_Instructions REV - 2013.08.15.pdf More Documents & Publications FY 2012 Federal Real Property Reporting Requirement FY09_Federal_Real_Property_Reporting_Requirements.pdf Guidance for Fiscal Year 2015 Facilities Information Management System Data Validations

  16. RES Anatolia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name: RES Anatolia Place: Istanbul, Turkey Zip: 34398 Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Istanbul-based subsidiary formed due to positive forecasts for the...

  17. RES Americas Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc Place: Broomfield, Colorado Zip: 80021 Product: United States and Canada development arm of RES Group. References: RES Americas Inc1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  18. RES GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    RES GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: RES GmbH Place: Saalfeld, Germany Zip: D - 07318 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Develops, manufactures and distributes systems based...

  19. Renewable Energy Systems (RES UK and Ireland) | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (RES UK and Ireland) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Renewable Energy Systems (RES UK and Ireland) Name: Renewable Energy Systems (RES UK and Ireland) Address: Beaufort Court Egg...

  20. Renewable Energy Systems Inc (RES Americas) (Colorado) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc (RES Americas) (Colorado) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Renewable Energy Systems Inc (RES Americas) Name: Renewable Energy Systems Inc (RES Americas) Address: 11101 W....

  1. ITP Steel: Energy and Environmental Profile fo the U.S. Iron...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy and Environmental Profile fo the U.S. Iron and Steel Industry ITP Steel: Energy and Environmental Profile fo the U.S. Iron and Steel Industry PDF icon steelprofile.pdf More ...

  2. RES Oklahoma 2016 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    RES Oklahoma 2016 RES Oklahoma 2016 July 11, 2016 8:00AM MDT to July 14, 2016 4:00PM MDT Tulsa, Oklahoma Hard Rock Hotel & Casino 777 W Cherokee St. Catoosa, OK 74015 The National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development is hosting RES Oklahoma. The four-day conference includes events, tradeshow, business expo, procurement, and more. Pre-early bird registration ends May 6, 2016.

  3. Cal. Pub. Res. Code 30330 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pub. Res. Code 30330Legal Abstract Cal. Pub. Res. Code 30330, current through August 5, 2014. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 1976 Legal Citation Cal. Pub. Res....

  4. Cal. Pub. Res. Code 30600 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pub. Res. Code 30600Legal Abstract Cal. Pub. Res. Code 30600, current through August 5, 2014. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 1976 Legal Citation Cal. Pub. Res....

  5. Cal. Pub. Res. Code 30413 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pub. Res. Code 30413Legal Abstract Cal. Pub. Res. Code 30413, current through August 5, 2014. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 1991 Legal Citation Cal. Pub. Res....

  6. Cal. Pub. Res. Code 30264 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pub. Res. Code 30264Legal Abstract Cal. Pub. Res. Code 30264, current through August 5, 2014. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 1976 Legal Citation Cal. Pub. Res....

  7. Compiling RES Legislation for Kazakhstan | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for Kazakhstan1 Compiling RES Legislation for Kazakhstan Potential of renewable energy sources usage in the Republic of Kazakhstan Report on Benefits of RES to Energy...

  8. Renewable Energy Systems (RES Mediterranean) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mediterranean) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Renewable Energy Systems (RES Mediterranean) Name: Renewable Energy Systems (RES Mediterranean) Address: 330 rue du Mourelet Z.I....

  9. Renewable Energy Systems (RES Scandinavia) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Scandinavia) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Renewable Energy Systems (RES Scandinavia) Name: Renewable Energy Systems (RES Scandinavia) Address: Lilla Bommen 1 Place:...

  10. Renewable Energy Systems (RES Australia and New Zealand) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Australia and New Zealand) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Renewable Energy Systems (RES Australia and New Zealand) Name: Renewable Energy Systems (RES Australia and New Zealand)...

  11. Property:Res cons | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the property "Res cons" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 + 35,751 +...

  12. Cal. Pub. Res. Code 30103 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Cal. Pub. Res. Code 30103Legal Abstract Cal. Pub. Res. Code 30103, current through...

  13. Cal. Pub. Res. Code 6370 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cal. Pub. Res. Code 6370 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Cal. Pub. Res. Code 6370Legal Abstract Statutory...

  14. Cal. Pub. Res. Code 25309 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Cal. Pub. Res. Code 25309Legal Abstract Cal. Pub. Res. Code 25309, current through...

  15. Cal. Pub. Res. Code 6826 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Cal. Pub. Res. Code 6826Legal Abstract Cal. Pub. Res. Code 6826, current through...

  16. Cal. Pub. Res. Code 25541 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Cal. Pub. Res. Code 25541Legal Abstract Cal. Pub. Res. Code 25541, current through...

  17. Cal. Pub. Res. Code 25120 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Cal. Pub. Res. Code 25120Legal Abstract Cal. Pub. Res. Code 25120, current through...

  18. Cal. Pub. Res. 25500 et seq | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Cal. Pub. Res. 25500 et seqLegal Abstract Cal. Pub. Res. Code 25531, current through...

  19. Renewable Energy Systems Ltd RES Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd RES Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: Renewable Energy Systems Ltd (RES Group) Place: Hertfordshire, United Kingdom Zip: WD4 8LR Sector: Wind energy Product: UK based...

  20. Energy requirements of the switchable polarity solvent forward osmosis (SPS-FO) water purification process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wendt, Daniel S.; Orme, Christopher J.; Mines, Gregory L.; Wilson, Aaron D.

    2015-08-01

    A model was developed to estimate the process energy requirements of a switchable polarity solvent forward osmosis (SPS FO) system for water purification from aqueous NaCl feed solution concentrations ranging from 0.5 to 4.0 molal at an operational scale of 480 m3/day (feed stream). The model indicates recovering approximately 90% of the water from a feed solution with NaCl concentration similar to seawater using SPS FO would have total equivalent energy requirements between 2.4 and 4.3 kWh per m3 of purified water product. The process is predicted to be competitive with current costs for disposal/treatment of produced water from oil and gas drilling operations. As a result, once scaled up the SPS FO process may be a thermally driven desalination process that can compete with the cost of seawater reverse osmosis.

  1. Energy requirements of the switchable polarity solvent forward osmosis (SPS-FO) water purification process

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wendt, Daniel S.; Orme, Christopher J.; Mines, Gregory L.; Wilson, Aaron D.

    2015-08-01

    A model was developed to estimate the process energy requirements of a switchable polarity solvent forward osmosis (SPS FO) system for water purification from aqueous NaCl feed solution concentrations ranging from 0.5 to 4.0 molal at an operational scale of 480 m3/day (feed stream). The model indicates recovering approximately 90% of the water from a feed solution with NaCl concentration similar to seawater using SPS FO would have total equivalent energy requirements between 2.4 and 4.3 kWh per m3 of purified water product. The process is predicted to be competitive with current costs for disposal/treatment of produced water from oilmore » and gas drilling operations. As a result, once scaled up the SPS FO process may be a thermally driven desalination process that can compete with the cost of seawater reverse osmosis.« less

  2. Cal. Pub. Res. Code 21080 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Cal. Pub. Res. Code 21080Legal Abstract Sets forth general statutory provisions for California's environmental quality programs....

  3. Cal. Pub. Res. Code 21067 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Cal. Pub. Res. Code 21067Legal Abstract Definitions section for California's...

  4. Cal. Pub. Res. Code 21001 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cal. Pub. Res. Code 21001Legal Abstract Sets forth California's policy on maintenance of environmental quality. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 1970 Legal...

  5. Renewable Energy Systems Inc (RES Americas) (Texas) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (Texas) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Renewable Energy Systems Inc (RES Americas) Address: 9050 Capital of Texas Hwy Place: Austin, Texas Zip: 78759 Region: Texas Area Sector:...

  6. Renewable Energy Systems Inc (RES Americas) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy Systems Inc (RES Americas) Address: 11101 W. 120th Ave Suite 400 Place: Broomfield, Colorado Zip: 80021 Region: Pacific Northwest Area Sector: Wind energy Product:...

  7. F.O. Licht's 17th Annual World Ethanol & Biofuels Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The F.O. Licht's 17th Annual World Ethanol & Biofuels Conference will be held on November 3–6, 2014, in Budapest, Hungary. Valerie Reed, Deputy Director of the Bioenergy Technolgies Office will be serving on two panels: "Maintaining Next Generation Investments in the Years Ahead" on November 4 and "Putting Together a Constant Supply of Feedstocks for Advanced and Cellulosic Biofuels, Biochemicals and Aviation Fuels" on November 5.

  8. Microsoft Word - summer.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    b trac ting fro m th e da ily a ve rag e hig h te m p e ra tu res fo r th e la st 10 y ea rs a n am o un t e qu al to tw ice a n estim ate o f the stan da rd de via tion for h igh...

  9. DOE Office of Indian Energy to Sponsor Energy Forum at RES 2014...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Part of DOE's silver-level sponsorship of RES 2014, the forum will take place on March 17, ... The National RES 2014 conference will take place March 17-20, 2014. Register for RES 2014, ...

  10. Cal. Pub. Res. Code 6301 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Cal. Pub. Res. Code 6301Legal Abstract This section grants the California State Lands...

  11. Cal. Pub. Res. Code 6502 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Cal. Pub. Res. Code 6502Legal Abstract Statutory chapter providing for leasing of public...

  12. Cal. Pub. Res. Code 5020 et seq.: Historical Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Cal. Pub. Res. Code 5020 et seq.: Historical ResourcesLegal Abstract This section...

  13. Cal. Pub. Res. Code 30603 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: Cal. Pub. Res. Code 30603Legal Abstract Delegation of local authority for Coastal Zone...

  14. Property:Res sales (mwh) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    property "Res sales (mwh)" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 + 35,568 +...

  15. Property:Res rev (thousand $) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    "Res rev (thousand )" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 + 3,675 +...

  16. Display of Hi-Res Data | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Display of Hi-Res Data This invention enables plotting a very large number of data points relative to the number of display pixels without losing significant information about the...

  17. NREL to Partner with RES Americas on Wind Balance-of-Plant Research - News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Releases | NREL to Partner with RES Americas on Wind Balance-of-Plant Research June 17, 2009 The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Renewable Energy Systems Americas, Inc. (RES Americas) have announced a partnership to evaluate the design and performance of vital wind energy support systems. Under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA), NREL and RES Americas will investigate structural loads on foundations of operating wind

  18. EPRI/NRC-RES fire human reliability analysis guidelines.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, Stuart R.; Cooper, Susan E.; Najafi, Bijan; Collins, Erin; Hannaman, Bill; Kohlhepp, Kaydee; Grobbelaar, Jan; Hill, Kendra; Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt; Forester, John Alan; Julius, Jeff

    2010-03-01

    During the 1990s, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) developed methods for fire risk analysis to support its utility members in the preparation of responses to Generic Letter 88-20, Supplement 4, 'Individual Plant Examination - External Events' (IPEEE). This effort produced a Fire Risk Assessment methodology for operations at power that was used by the majority of U.S. nuclear power plants (NPPs) in support of the IPEEE program and several NPPs overseas. Although these methods were acceptable for accomplishing the objectives of the IPEEE, EPRI and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) recognized that they required upgrades to support current requirements for risk-informed, performance-based (RI/PB) applications. In 2001, EPRI and the USNRC's Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research (RES) embarked on a cooperative project to improve the state-of-the-art in fire risk assessment to support a new risk-informed environment in fire protection. This project produced a consensus document, NUREG/CR-6850 (EPRI 1011989), entitled 'Fire PRA Methodology for Nuclear Power Facilities' which addressed fire risk for at power operations. NUREG/CR-6850 developed high level guidance on the process for identification and inclusion of human failure events (HFEs) into the fire PRA (FPRA), and a methodology for assigning quantitative screening values to these HFEs. It outlined the initial considerations of performance shaping factors (PSFs) and related fire effects that may need to be addressed in developing best-estimate human error probabilities (HEPs). However, NUREG/CR-6850 did not describe a methodology to develop best-estimate HEPs given the PSFs and the fire-related effects. In 2007, EPRI and RES embarked on another cooperative project to develop explicit guidance for estimating HEPs for human failure events under fire generated conditions, building upon existing human reliability analysis (HRA) methods. This document provides a methodology and guidance for conducting a fire HRA. This process includes identification and definition of post-fire human failure events, qualitative analysis, quantification, recovery, dependency, and uncertainty. This document provides three approaches to quantification: screening, scoping, and detailed HRA. Screening is based on the guidance in NUREG/CR-6850, with some additional guidance for scenarios with long time windows. Scoping is a new approach to quantification developed specifically to support the iterative nature of fire PRA quantification. Scoping is intended to provide less conservative HEPs than screening, but requires fewer resources than a detailed HRA analysis. For detailed HRA quantification, guidance has been developed on how to apply existing methods to assess post-fire fire HEPs.

  19. Development of an aerosol microphysical module: Aerosol Two-dimensional bin module for foRmation and Aging Simulation (ATRAS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matsui, H.; Koike, Makoto; Kondo, Yutaka; Fast, Jerome D.; Takigawa, M.

    2014-09-30

    Number concentrations, size distributions, and mixing states of aerosols are essential parameters for accurate estimation of aerosol direct and indirect effects. In this study, we developed an aerosol module, designated Aerosol Two-dimensional bin module for foRmation and Aging Simulation (ATRAS), that can represent these parameters explicitly by considering new particle formation (NPF), black carbon (BC) aging, and secondary organic aerosol (SOA) processes. A two-dimensional bin representation is used for particles with dry diameters from 40 nm to 10 m to resolve both aerosol size (12 bins) and BC mixing state (10 bins) for a total of 120 bins. The particles with diameters from 1 to 40 nm are resolved using an additional 8 size bins to calculate NPF. The ATRAS module was implemented in the WRF-chem model and applied to examine the sensitivity of simulated mass, number, size distributions, and optical and radiative parameters of aerosols to NPF, BC aging and SOA processes over East Asia during the spring of 2009. BC absorption enhancement by coating materials was about 50% over East Asia during the spring, and the contribution of SOA processes to the absorption enhancement was estimated to be 10 20% over northern East Asia and 20 35% over southern East Asia. A clear north-south contrast was also found between the impacts of NPF and SOA processes on cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) concentrations: NPF increased CCN concentrations at higher supersaturations (smaller particles) over northern East Asia, whereas SOA increased CCN concentrations at lower supersaturations (larger particles) over southern East Asia. Application of ATRAS to East Asia also showed that the impact of each process on each optical and radiative parameter depended strongly on the process and the parameter in question. The module can be used in the future as a benchmark model to evaluate the accuracy of simpler aerosol models and examine interactions between NPF, BC aging, and SOA processes under different meteorological conditions and emissions.

  20. TU-F-18C-09: Mammogram Surveillance Using Texture Analysis for Breast Cancer Patients After Radiation Therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuo, H; Tome, W; FOX, J; Hong, L; Yaparpalvi, R; Mehta, K; Bodner, W; Kalnicki, S

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To study the feasibility of applying cancer risk model established from treated patients to predict the risk of recurrence on follow-up mammography after radiation therapy for both ipsilateral and contralateral breast. Methods: An extensive set of textural feature functions was applied to a set of 196 Mammograms from 50 patients. 56 Mammograms from 28 patients were used as training set, 44 mammograms from 22 patients were used as test set and the rest were used for prediction. Feature functions include Histogram, Gradient, Co-Occurrence Matrix, Run-Length Matrix and Wavelet Energy. An optimum subset of the feature functions was selected by Fisher Coefficient (FO) or Mutual Information (MI) (up to top 10 features) or a method combined FO, MI and Principal Component (FMP) (up to top 30 features). One-Nearest Neighbor (1-NN), Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) and Nonlinear Discriminant Analysis (NDA) were utilized to build a risk model of breast cancer from the training set of mammograms at the time of diagnosis. The risk model was then used to predict the risk of recurrence from mammogram taken one year and three years after RT. Results: FPM with NDA has the best classification power in classifying the training set of the mammogram with lesions versus those without lesions. The model of FPM with NDA achieved a true positive (TP) rate of 82% compared to 45.5% of using FO with 1-NN. The best false positive (FP) rates were 0% and 3.6% in contra-lateral breast of 1-year and 3-years after RT, and 10.9% in ipsi-lateral breast of 3-years after RT. Conclusion: Texture analysis offers high dimension to differentiate breast tissue in mammogram. Using NDA to classify mammogram with lesion from mammogram without lesion, it can achieve rather high TP and low FP in the surveillance of mammogram for patient with conservative surgery combined RT.

  1. Attachment B Visitor Tours at TA-53 TA53-FO-121-001B.4 Preparation Checklist for Visitor Tours at TA-53

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Attachment B Visitor Tours at TA-53 TA53-FO-121-001B.4 Preparation Checklist for Visitor Tours at TA-53 This checklist provides reminders of safety and security considerations in preparation and implementation of tours at TA-53. Tour Date: Purpose of Tour or Tour Title: Tour Host and Z#: State Time and Approximate Duration: Tour Type Check all that apply: Educational Outreach/Student Tour with Minors Large Group Tour Other Tour High Level or Distinguished Work Related Tour Preparation, Visitor

  2. EPRI/NRC-RES fire PRA guide for nuclear power facilities. Volume 1, summary and overview.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2004-09-01

    This report documents state-of-the-art methods, tools, and data for the conduct of a fire Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) for a commercial nuclear power plant (NPP) application. The methods have been developed under the Fire Risk Re-quantification Study. This study was conducted as a joint activity between EPRI and the U. S. NRC Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research (RES) under the terms of an EPRI/RES Memorandum of Understanding [RS.1] and an accompanying Fire Research Addendum [RS.2]. Industry participants supported demonstration analyses and provided peer review of this methodology. The documented methods are intended to support future applications of Fire PRA, including risk-informed regulatory applications. The documented method reflects state-of-the-art fire risk analysis approaches. The primary objective of the Fire Risk Study was to consolidate recent research and development activities into a single state-of-the-art fire PRA analysis methodology. Methodological issues raised in past fire risk analyses, including the Individual Plant Examination of External Events (IPEEE) fire analyses, have been addressed to the extent allowed by the current state-of-the-art and the overall project scope. Methodological debates were resolved through a consensus process between experts representing both EPRI and RES. The consensus process included a provision whereby each major party (EPRI and RES) could maintain differing technical positions if consensus could not be reached. No cases were encountered where this provision was invoked. While the primary objective of the project was to consolidate existing state-of-the-art methods, in many areas, the newly documented methods represent a significant advancement over previously documented methods. In several areas, this project has, in fact, developed new methods and approaches. Such advances typically relate to areas of past methodological debate.

  3. Tu3Og,

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... N-934 (CT) April 4, 1944 - L. C. EVES Tie influence of heat (300') on weight of alum inum is reported. N-1032 (CC) January 25, 1944 - duPont - Jackson Laboratory The recovery of ...

  4. Grazing incidence angle based sensing approach integrated with fiber-optic Fourier transform infrared (FO-FTIR) spectroscopy for remote and label-free detection of medical device contaminations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hassan, Moinuddin Ilev, Ilko

    2014-10-15

    Contamination of medical devices has become a critical and prevalent public health safety concern since medical devices are being increasingly used in clinical practices for diagnostics, therapeutics and medical implants. The development of effective sensing methods for real-time detection of pathogenic contamination is needed to prevent and reduce the spread of infections to patients and the healthcare community. In this study, a hollow-core fiber-optic Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy methodology employing a grazing incidence angle based sensing approach (FO-FTIR-GIA) was developed for detection of various biochemical contaminants on medical device surfaces. We demonstrated the sensitivity of FO-FTIR-GIA sensing approach for non-contact and label-free detection of contaminants such as lipopolysaccharide from various surface materials relevant to medical device. The proposed sensing system can detect at a minimum loading concentration of approximately 0.7 ?g/cm{sup 2}. The FO-FTIR-GIA has the potential for the detection of unwanted pathogen in real time.

  5. Large Scale Evaluation fo Nickel Aluminide Rolls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2005-09-01

    This completed project was a joint effort between Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Bethlehem Steel (now Mittal Steel) to demonstrate the effectiveness of using nickel aluminide intermetallic alloy rolls as part of an updated, energy-efficient, commercial annealing furnace system.

  6. Letter fo Support from Research Mentor

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ...energy.goveereeducationeere-postdoctoral-research-awards Mentor Curriculum Vitae (CV): Mentor's Curriculum Vitae is to be sent directly to the applicant to upload with the ...

  7. MHK Technologies/FO | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    here Point Absorber Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery Concept Definition Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description The...

  8. HiRes deconvolved Spitzer images of 89 protostellar jets and outflows: New data on the evolution of the outflow morphology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Velusamy, T.; Langer, W. D.; Thompson, T. E-mail: William.D.Langer@jpl.nasa.gov

    2014-03-01

    To study the role of protosellar jets and outflows in the time evolution of the parent cores and the protostars, the astronomical community needs a large enough database of infrared images of protostars at the highest spatial resolution possible to reveal the details of their morphology. Spitzer provides unprecedented sensitivity in the infrared to study both the jet and outflow features, however, its spatial resolution is limited by its 0.85 m mirror. Here, we use a high-resolution deconvolution algorithm, 'HiRes,' to improve the visualization of spatial morphology by enhancing resolution (to subarcsecond levels in the IRAC bands) and removing the contaminating side lobes from bright sources in a sample of 89 protostellar objects. These reprocessed images are useful for detecting (1) wide-angle outflows seen in scattered light, (2) morphological details of H{sub 2} emission in jets and bow shocks, and (3) compact features in MIPS 24 ?m images as protostar/disk and atomic/ionic line emission associated with the jets. The HiRes FITS image data of such a large homogeneous sample presented here will be useful to the community in studying these protostellar objects. To illustrate the utility of this HiRes sample, we show how the opening angle of the wide-angle outflows in 31 sources, all observed in the HiRes-processed Spitzer images, correlates with age. Our data suggest a power-law fit to opening angle versus age with an exponent of ?0.32 and 0.02, respectively, for ages ?8000 yr and ?8000 yr.

  9. Hi-Res WIPP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Anderson - New World Hewlett and Anderson - New World Richard G. Hewlett and Oscar E. Anderson, Jr. The New World, 1939-1946. Volume I: A History of the Atomic Energy Commission. 1962. Text in each PDF is fully searchable. PDF icon HewlettandAndersonNewWorldNoBookmarks.pdf PDF icon HewlettandAndersonNewWorldPicturesOnly.pdf More Documents & Publications The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb The Manhattan Project: Making of the Atomic Bomb Gosling, The Manhattan Project: Making the

  10. RES New Mexico

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development, Reservation Economic Summit is a four-day conference featuring training and business development opportunities, a tribal business leaders forum, a tradeshow and business expo featuring hundreds of exhibitors, and more!

  11. RES Energy Track

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ​The Office of Indian Energy is hosting an Energy Track featuring breakout sessions on a variety of topics, including workforce development, energy technology, and capacity building, to help tribal energy leaders and professionals make informed decisions about energy projects.

  12. National RES Energy Track agenda

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Featured Keynote Speaker Dr. Chris Emdin, Associate Professor in the Department of Mathematics, Science and Technology and Associate Director of the Institute for Urban and ...

  13. HPSS_Cover_Low_Res

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Exascale Computing Study, Sep, 2008. 3 of ... These are derived from proposals of Extreme Scale architectures from the DARPA ExaScale ...

  14. MEMORANDUM FO~~~ ATE DIRECTORS FROM:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    If there are any questions, or further assistance is needed, please contact Daniel R. Lehman, Director, Office of Project Assessment (SC-28). Attachments cc: P. Dehmer, SC-2 G....

  15. Sensor System Fo4r Buried Waste Containment Sites

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, Ann Marie; Gardner, Bradley M.; Kostelnik, Kevin M.; Partin, Judy K.; Lancaster, Gregory D.; Pfeifer, Mary Catherine

    2005-09-27

    A sensor system for a buried waste containment site having a bottom wall barrier and/or sidewall barriers, for containing hazardous waste. The sensor system includes one or more sensor devices disposed in one or more of the barriers for detecting a physical parameter either of the barrier itself or of the physical condition of the surrounding soils and buried waste, and for producing a signal representing the physical parameter detected. Also included is a signal processor for receiving signals produced by the sensor device and for developing information identifying the physical parameter detected, either for sounding an alarm, displaying a graphic representation of a physical parameter detected on a viewing screen and/or a hard copy printout. The sensor devices may be deployed in or adjacent the barriers at the same time the barriers are deployed and may be adapted to detect strain or cracking in the barriers, leakage of radiation through the barriers, the presence and leaking through the barriers of volatile organic compounds, or similar physical conditions.

  16. Sensor System Fo4r Buried Waste Containment Sites

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, Ann Marie; Gardner, Bradley M.; Kostelnik, Kevin M.; Partin, Judy K.; Lancaster, Gregory D.; Pfeifer, Mary Catherine

    2003-11-18

    A sensor system for a buried waste containment site having a bottom wall barrier and sidewall barriers, for containing hazardous waste. The sensor system includes one or more sensor devices disposed in one or more of the barriers for detecting a physical parameter either of the barrier itself or of the physical condition of the surrounding soils and buried waste, and for producing a signal representing the physical parameter detected. Also included is a signal processor for receiving signals produced by the sensor device and for developing information identifying the physical parameter detected, either for sounding an alarm, displaying a graphic representation of a physical parameter detected on a viewing screen and/or a hard copy printout. The sensor devices may be deployed in or adjacent the barriers at the same time the barriers are deployed and may be adapted to detect strain or cracking in the barriers, leakage of radiation through the barriers, the presence and leaking through the barriers of volatile organic compounds, or similar physical conditions.

  17. I RADIOLOGICAL SCOPING SURVEY OF FO,RMER MONSANTO' FACILITIES

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Department of Energy Conducted by: %diation Safety Branch Of&e of Environmental Management ggtb Air Base W ing U.S. Departmtnt of the Air Force In Cooperation W ith: Southwest ...

  18. TU-A-BRF-01: MR Guided Radiation Therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stanescu, T; Balter, J; Nyholm, T; Lagendijk, J

    2014-06-15

    In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in the development of new technologies focused on the deeper integration of MR in radiotherapy. The innovations span from image data acquisition and post-processing to clinical implementation of MR-guided RT systems and workflow development. The session is intended to provide a review of the key and most recent advancements. Targeted discussions will cover topics which currently define the concept of MR-guided radiotherapy including a) system commissioning, quality control and safety, b) MR data manipulation for dose computations and treatment simulation, c) quantification/management of organ motion and treatment delivery guidance. Learning Objectives: Understand the concept and specifics of MR-guided radiotherapy; Understand the requirements for system integration in clinical workflow; Become familiar with the proposed strategies for system commissioning, RT planning and delivery guidance.

  19. TU-C-BRE-03: Aggregation of Linac Measurement Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kerns, J; Alvarez, P; Followill, D; Lowenstein, J; Molineu, A; Summers, P; Kry, S

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Accurate data of linear accelerator radiation characteristics is important for treatment planning system commissioning as well as regular quality assurance of the machine. The RPC has performed site visits of numerous machines . Data gathered from Varian machines from the past 15 years are presented. The data collected can be used as a secondary check or when commissioning a new machine to verify that values are reasonable. Methods: Data from the past 15 years of RPC site visits was compiled and analyzed. Data was composed from measurements from approximately 400 Varian machines. Each dataset consists of several point measurements at various locations in a water phantom to measure percentage depth dose, output factors, including small MLC fields, off-axis factors, and wedge factors if applicable. Common statistical values are presented for each machine type. Where applicable, data was compared to other reference data given by the vendor or a select number of previous researchers. Results: Data is separated by energy and parameter and then analyzed by machine class. Data distributions of the parameter data were normal except occasionally at the tails. Distributions of the data for each class and parameter are tabulated to give not simply a singular reference value, but metrics about the distribution: 5th and 95th percentile values and the standard deviation as well as the median. Conclusion: The RPC has collected numerous data on Varian linacs and presented the finding of the past 15 years. The data can be used as a reference data set for physicists to compare against. A linac that deviates from the values does not necessarily indicate there is a problem as long as the treatment planning system correlates to the machine. Comparison of linac and treatment planning system data to external reference data can prevent serious treatment errors.

  20. Women @ Energy: Anh Tu Quach | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Amber Boehnlein is a physicist and heads scientific-computing applications in SLAC's Particle Physics and Astrophysics directorate. Amber Boehnlein is a physicist and heads scientific-computing applications in SLAC's Particle Physics and Astrophysics directorate. Check out other profiles in the Women @ Energy series and share your favorites on Pinterest. Amber Boehnlein is a physicist and heads scientific-computing applications in SLAC's Particle Physics and Astrophysics directorate. Boehnlein's

  1. Pl#xmam-*twe,m%-~h,i~tu.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    bl 7-L c"v. tP cq 9hi 8 documen t? O?,?O sta 0f-A Je 4 %muw pace? and-.-G?-. fi::ur-e;. Q&LOPifx3, Series.... ' d o,.L Plxmam-*twe,m%-h,itu. vzP-1014uMalg* budi&&ah...

  2. Hi-Res WIPP onsite_offsite

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Information we have would indicate there is no offsite exposure risk The Radiological Release on Feb 14, 2014 13 Employees * Offsite sampling indicates radioactive levels only slightly above "background" at one location 0.6 miles from the site boundary. Background is defined as naturally-occurring radiation that is always present in our environment. * All indicators are that this was a one-time event. The event was detected by an underground continuous air monitor (CAM) that was in the

  3. Microsoft Word - winter.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0, 1998 http:www.eia.doe.gov A v e r a g e T e m p e r a tu r e fo r F o u r M a jo r G a s C o n s u m in g M e tr o A r e a s 0 1 0 2 0 3 0 4 0 5 0 6 0 7 0 8 0 1 0 1 9 8 1 0...

  4. ITP Steel: Energy and Environmental Profile fo the U.S. Iron and Steel Industry

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE's Office of Industrial Technologes has formed a partnership with the U.S. iron and steel industry to accelerate development of technologies and processes that will improve the industry's production and energy efficiency and environmental performance.

  5. ITP Steel: Energy and Environmental Profile fo the U.S. Iron...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Since 1970, the industry has invested more than 5 billion in air pollution control systems, much of it for particulate control. In a typical year, 15% of the industry's capital ...

  6. APPLICATION FO FLOW FORMING FOR USE IN RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL PACKAGING DESIGNS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanton, P.; Eberl, K.; Abramczyk, G.

    2012-07-11

    This paper reports on the development and testing performed to demonstrate the use of flow forming as an alternate method of manufacturing containment vessels for use in radioactive material shipping packaging designs. Additionally, ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section III, Subsection NB compliance along with the benefits compared to typical welding of containment vessels will be discussed. SRNL has completed fabrication development and the testing on flow formed containment vessels to demonstrate the use of flow forming as an alternate method of manufacturing a welded 6-inch diameter containment vessel currently used in the 9975 and 9977 radioactive material shipping packaging. Material testing and nondestructive evaluation of the flow formed parts demonstrate compliance to the minimum material requirements specified in applicable parts of ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section II. Destructive burst testing shows comparable results to that of a welded design. The benefits of flow forming as compared to typical welding of containment vessels are significant: dimensional control is improved due to no weld distortion; less final machining; weld fit-up issues associated with pipes and pipe caps are eliminated; post-weld non-destructive testing (i.e., radiography and die penetrant tests) is not necessary; and less fabrication steps are required. Results presented in this paper indicate some of the benefits in adapting flow forming to design of future radioactive material shipping packages containment vessels.

  7. http://www.blm.gov/nv/st/en/fo/lvfo/blm_programs/energy/propose

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Key Observation Point Worksheets Appendix E - Conceptual Stormwater Control Plan part 1 Appendix E - Conceptual Stormwater Control Plan part 2 Appendix E - Conceptual Stormwater ...

  8. EP-AREAG-G-FO-DOP-124 Nitrate Salt Bearing TRU Waste Container Monitoring.pdf

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

  9. PrintRes_PeriodicChartPostCard2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    56 Ba Barium 73 Ta Tantalum 19 K Potassium 20 Ca Calcium 21 Sc Scandium 22 Ti Titanium 30 Zn Zinc 31 Ga Gallium 32 Ge Germanium 33 As Arsenic 34 Se Selenium 35 Br Bromine ...

  10. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...4,267880,0,,,0,62572,939724,0 471,"Amana Society Service Co","IA",2005,1,55,640,697,65,769...,,80422,1293053,476805 12341,"MidAmerican Energy Co","IA",2005,1,39423,496907,524726,25700...

  11. UTILITY_ID","UTILNAME","STATE_CODE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...,92986.022,1106028.081,427520 471,"Amana Society Service Co","IA",2011,1,86,687,709,83,720...,104340,1293080,483884 12341,"MidAmerican Energy Co","IA",2011,1,45419.941,606535.866,5501...

  12. UTILITY_ID","UTILNAME","STATE_CODE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...8,271065,0,,,0,67455,928657,0 471,"Amana Society Service Co","IA","2007R",1,63,645,707,70,...0,85894,1256263,483594 12341,"MidAmerican Energy Co","IA","2007R",1,38128,474364,539478,25...

  13. UTILITY_ID","UTILNAME","STATE_CODE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...,90424.591,1142019.157,426909 471,"Amana Society Service Co","IA",2009,1,84,679,710,89,750...0,95160,1347761,482995 12341,"MidAmerican Energy Co","IA",2009,1,46327.143,619260.46,54557...

  14. UTILITY_ID","UTILNAME","STATE_CODE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...,90577.294,1124952.028,427803 471,"Amana Society Service Co","IA",2010,1,75,625,710,78,679...0,97698,1300060,483536 12341,"MidAmerican Energy Co","IA",2010,1,47406.924,646488.65,54729...

  15. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...1,246796,0,,,0,56619,966064,0 471,"Amana Society Service Co","IA",2003,1,40,601,692,38,675...7,66909,1254595,470633 12341,"MidAmerican Energy Co","IA",2003,1,31381,391154,510625,16463...

  16. UTILITY_ID","UTILNAME","STATE_CODE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...0,83215.98,1119242.926,425071 471,"Amana Society Service Co","IA",2008,1,68,645,708,73,737...0,83931,1337774,484355 12341,"MidAmerican Energy Co","IA",2008,1,40643.972,535012.07,54378...

  17. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...7,255308,0,,,0,61058,953105,0 471,"Amana Society Service Co","IA",2004,1,53,587,696,65,749...,,74622,1275348,473382 12341,"MidAmerican Energy Co","IA",2004,1,38005,477429,517190,24648...

  18. UTILITY_ID","UTILNAME","STATE_CODE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...7,260544,0,,,0,63754,932707,0 471,"Amana Society Service Co","IA",2006,1,50,590,699,58,692...,,93335,1228232,481559 12341,"MidAmerican Energy Co","IA",2006,1,37221,459792,532611,25092...

  19. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...3087,1030,13416,78902,1093643 230,"Albany Water Gas & Light Comm","GA",91,1,1909,28956,203...6,11,146,0,0,0,0,52,672 20169,"Washington Water Power Co","ID",91,1,5783,115951,3076,59228...

  20. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...3,26,238,584,17460,2567 20169,"Washington Water Power Company","ID",2000,1,5585,114234,883... 10704,"Lansing Board of Water & Light","MI",2000,1,3381,55779,80732,5153...

  1. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...5052,27,251,8944,238616 20169,"Washington Water Power Co","ID",95,1,5682,111117,3920,72853... 10704,"Lansing Board of Water & Light","MI",95,1,3112,52319,4624,85152,2...

  2. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...435,30,253,10714,270237 20169,"Washington Water Power Co","ID",93,1,5856,113174,3343,60803... 10704,"Lansing Board of Water & Light","MI",93,1,2886,51178,4048,79470,2...

  3. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...9986,3201,48196,77291,1148551 230,"Albany Water Gas & Light Comm","GA",90,1,2235,35967,202...44,4,42,6,83,0,7,39,476 20169,"Washington Water Power Co","ID",90,1,4634,93527,2862,53688,...

  4. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...15,19431,3,27,878,23985 20169,"Washington Water Power Co","ID",97,1,7113,141994,4397,83795... 10704,"Lansing Board of Water & Light","MI",97,1,3369,55053,4969,88917,2...

  5. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...5814,1109,14163,81951,1135561 230,"Albany Water Gas & Light Comm","GA",92,1,2125,31241,213...1427,31,263,9507,257389 20169,"Washington Water Power Co","ID",92,1,4742,98397,3078,60320,...

  6. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...6491,28,247,9775,248573 20169,"Washington Water Power Co","ID",94,1,4850,97496,3528,66911,... 10704,"Lansing Board of Water & Light","MI",94,1,3136,54753,4476,85147,2...

  7. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... Coop., Inc.","ID",1998,1,157,2936,79,1673,512,15956,2,27,750,20592 20169,"Washington Water ... 10704,"Lansing Board of Water & Light","MI",1998,1,3260,53666,4999,92086...

  8. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...3,28,235,551,16140,2505 20169,"Washington Water Power Company","ID",1999,1,5750,115046,852... 10704,"Lansing Board of Water & Light","MI",1999,1,3395,56092,80316,5030...

  9. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...22,19981,3,27,981,24477 20169,"Washington Water Power Co","ID",96,1,6556,125105,4575,80600... 10704,"Lansing Board of Water & Light","MI",96,1,3279,55206,4919,90320,2...

  10. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...114,7,2268,12,,,,5,1118,7,22,5524,133 6866,"G and K Inc","AK",2001,1,14,37,57,82,210,44,8,...14,7,2195,12,,,,4,9219,7,20,13372,133 6866,"G and K Inc","AK",2001,2,14,37,57,82,210,44,8,...

  11. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...140,3411,8263,101101,76731 12919,"Morenci Water and Electric Co","AZ",2002,1,99,893,1677,1... 17612,"Southern California Water Co","CA",2002,1,981,7522,20261,699,4602,14...

  12. Property:Incentive/ResCode | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    mandatory statewide. Buildings must also meet requirements set by CALGreen, the statewide green building code. Building Energy Code (Colorado) + 2003 IECC or any successor edition...

  13. Microsoft PowerPoint - NanoRes_Sumpter_2013.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    material semiconducting, while an uniaxial strain varying from compressive to tensile causes the spin-resolved selective self-doping to increase the half-metallic character of the...

  14. Add RES 2016 Energy Track Sessions to Your Calendar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Download calendar invitations for the four energy track sessions being hosted by the Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy at the 2016 National Reservation Economic Summit.

  15. Property:Incentive/WindResPercMax | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    I Independence Light & Power - Renewable Energy Rebates (Iowa) + 25% + L Local Small Wind Rebate Programs (Colorado) + 50% + M Maquoketa Municipal Electric Utility - Renewable...

  16. Cal. Pub. Res. Code 6009 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Code 6009Legal Abstract Statutory section containing general provisions for administration and control of state lands in California. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect...

  17. TU-C-12A-02: Development of a Multiparametric Statistical Response Map for Quantitative Imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bosca, R; Mahajan, A; Brown, PD; Stafford, RJ; Johnson, VE; Dong, L; Jackson, EF

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Quantitative imaging biomarkers (QIB) are becoming increasingly utilized in early phase clinical trials as a means of non-invasively assessing treatment response and associated response heterogeneity. The aim of this study was to develop a flexible multiparametric statistical framework to predict voxel-by-voxel response of several potential MRI QIBs. Methods: Patients with histologically proven glioblastomas (n=11) were treated with chemoradiation (with/without bevacizumab) and underwent one baseline and two mid-treatment (3–4wks) MRIs. Dynamic contrast-enhanced (3D FSPGR, 6.3sec/phase, 0.1 mmol/kg Gd-DTPA), dynamic susceptibility contrast (2D GRE-EPI, 1.5sec/phase, 0.2mmol/kg Gd-DTPA), and diffusion tensor (2D DW-EPI, b=0, 1200 s/mm{sup 2}, 27 directions) imaging acquisitions were obtained during each study. Mid-treatment and pre-treatment images were rigidly aligned, and regions of partial response (PR), stable disease (SD), and progressive disease (PD) were contoured in consensus by two experienced radiation oncologists. Voxels in these categories were used to train ordinal (PR

  18. TU-C-BRE-09: Performance Comparisons of Patient Specific IMRT QA Methodologies Using ROC Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKenzie, E; Balter, P; Stingo, F; Followill, D; Kry, S; Jones, J

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the ability of a selection of patient-specific QA methods to accurately classify IMRT plans as acceptable or unacceptable based on a multiple ion chamber (MIC) phantom. Methods: Twenty-four IMRT plans were selected (20 previously failed the institutional QA), and were measured on a MIC phantom to assess their dosimetric acceptability. These same plans were then measured using film (Kodak EDR2) and ion chamber (Wellhofer cc04), ArcCheck (Sun Nuclear), and MapCheck (Sun Nuclear) (delivered AP field-by-field, AP composite, and with original gantry angles). All gamma analyses were performed at 2%/2mm, 3%/3mm, and 5%/3mm. By using the MIC results as a gold standard, the sensitivity and specificity were calculated across a range of cut-off thresholds (% pixels passing for gamma analysis, and % dose difference for ion chamber), and were used to form ROC curves. Area under the curve (AUC) was used as a metric to quantify the performance of the various QA methods. Results: Grouping devices AUCs revealed two statistically significant different groups: ion chamber (AUC of 0.94), AP composite MapCheck (AUC of 0.85), ArcCheck (AUC of 0.84), and film (AUC of 0.82) were in the better performing group, while original gantry angles and AP field-by-field MapCheck (AUC of 0.65 and 0.66, respectively) matched less well with the gold standard results. Optimal cut-offs were also assessed using the ROC curves. We found that while often 90% of pixels passing is used as a criteria, the differing sensitivities of QA methods can lead to device and methodology-based optimal cutoff thresholds. Conclusion: While many methods exist to perform the same task of patient-specific IMRT QA, they utilize different strategies. This work has shown that there are inconsistencies in these methodologies in terms of their sensitivity and specificity to dosimetric acceptability. This work was supported by Public Health Service grants CA010953, CA081647, and CA21661 awarded by the National Cancer Institute, United States Department of Health and Human Services.

  19. TU-B-19A-01: Image Registration II: TG132-Quality Assurance for Image Registration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brock, K; Mutic, S

    2014-06-15

    AAPM Task Group 132 was charged with a review of the current approaches and solutions for image registration in radiotherapy and to provide recommendations for quality assurance and quality control of these clinical processes. As the results of image registration are always used as the input of another process for planning or delivery, it is important for the user to understand and document the uncertainty associate with the algorithm in general and the Result of a specific registration. The recommendations of this task group, which at the time of abstract submission are currently being reviewed by the AAPM, include the following components. The user should understand the basic image registration techniques and methods of visualizing image fusion. The disclosure of basic components of the image registration by commercial vendors is critical in this respect. The physicists should perform end-to-end tests of imaging, registration, and planning/treatment systems if image registration is performed on a stand-alone system. A comprehensive commissioning process should be performed and documented by the physicist prior to clinical use of the system. As documentation is important to the safe implementation of this process, a request and report system should be integrated into the clinical workflow. Finally, a patient specific QA practice should be established for efficient evaluation of image registration results. The implementation of these recommendations will be described and illustrated during this educational session. Learning Objectives: Highlight the importance of understanding the image registration techniques used in their clinic. Describe the end-to-end tests needed for stand-alone registration systems. Illustrate a comprehensive commissioning program using both phantom data and clinical images. Describe a request and report system to ensure communication and documentation. Demonstrate an clinically-efficient patient QA practice for efficient evaluation of image registration.

  20. TU-D-BRD-01: Image Guided SBRT II: Challenges ' Pitfalls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, Z; Yin, F; Cho, J

    2014-06-15

    Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has been effective treatment for the management of various diseases, which often delivers high radiation dose in a single or a few fractions. SBRT therefore demands precise treatment delivery to the tumor while sparing adjacent healthy tissue. Recent developments in image guidance enable target localization with increased accuracy. With such improvements in localization, image-guided SBRT has been widely adopted into clinical practice. In SBRT, high radiation dose is generally delivered with small fields. Therefore, it is crucial to accurately measure dosimetric data for the small fields during commissioning. In addition, image-guided SBRT demands accurate image localization to ensure safety and quality of patient care. Lately, the reports of AAPM TG 142 and TG 104 have been published and added recommendations for imaging devices that are integrated with the linear accelerator for SBRT. Furthermore, various challenges and potential pitfalls lie in the clinical implementation of image-guided SBRT. In this lecture, these challenges and pitfalls of image-guided SBRT will be illustrated and discussed from dosimetric, technical and clinical perspectives.Being a promising technique, image-guided SBRT has shown great potentials, and will lead to more accurate and safer SBRT treatments. Learning Objectives: To understand dosimetric challenges and pitfalls for IGRT application in SBRT. To understand major clinical challenges and pitfalls for IGRT application in SBRT. To understand major technical challenges and pitfalls for IGRT application in SBRT.

  1. TU-PIS-Exhibit Hall-01: CT Dose Optimization Technologies II

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Driesser, I; Angel, E

    2014-06-15

    Partners in Solutions is an exciting new program in which AAPM partners with our vendors to present practical “hands-on” information about the equipment and software systems that we use in our clinics. The imaging topic this year is CT scanner dose optimization capabilities. Note that the sessions are being held in a special purpose room built on the Exhibit Hall Floor, to encourage further interaction with the vendors. Siemens‘ Commitment to the Right Dose in Computed Tomography Presentation Time: 11:15 - 11:45 AM Providing sustainable clinical results at highest patient safety: This is the challenge in medical imaging. Especially for Computed Tomography this means applying not simply the lowest, but the right dose for sound diagnostic imaging. Consequently, Siemens is committed to deliver the right dose in CT. In order to reduce radiation to the right dose, the first step is to provide the right dose technology. Through decades of research and development in CT imaging, Siemens CT has constantly introduced new ideas leading to a comprehensive portfolio of unique CARE technologies to deliver the right dose. For example automated kV adjustment based on patient size and the clinical question with CARE kV and three generations of iterative reconstruction. Based on the right dose technology, the next step is to actually scan at the right dose. For this, it is key to know the right dose targets for every examination. Siemens continuously involves CT experts to push developments further and outline how users can best adapt their procedures to the right dose. For users to know whether they met the right dose targets, it is therefore important to understand and monitor the actual absolute dose values. All scanners are delivered with defined default protocols which automatically use the available right dose technologies. Finally, to deliver the right dose not just in singular cases, but ideally to patients everywhere, organizations need then to manage dose across their institutions. Here Siemens offers the right dose management tools for administrations to analyze and document dose, to train their clinical staff and to continuously optimize the application of the right dose in clinical routine. Siemens CT is not only adhering to the ALARA principle, but is inspired by it. With CARE Right Siemens show their commitment to the right dose in CT. Toshiba Aquilion CT Dose Management Tools Presentation Time: 11:45 - 12:15 PM A practical review of Toshiba’s CT dose management technologies from the physicist’s perspective. This presentation will include an overview of Toshiba’s CT dose reduction technologies and dose safeguards. Content will include answers to frequently asked questions relating to dose management, dose tracking, CTDI measurement, ACR accreditation, ACR QC, and protocol review on Toshiba CT systems. Specific topics will include the following: Toshiba’s mechanism of tube current modulation; Exposure record format and interpretation of the values; Dose reporting and dose safeguard tools; Use of AIDR 3D iterative reconstruction; The configuration of task specific image quality target and its integration with AIDR 3D; Tips for scanning the ACR phantom with wide beam geometry; Measuring CTDI for wide beam geometry; Discussion of daily QC procedures and specifications; Tips for annual QC evaluation; Protocol management tools.

  2. TU-F-18C-07: Hardware Advances for MTF Improvement in Dedicated Breast CT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gazi, P; Burkett, G; Yang, K; Boone, J

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: In this study, we have designed and implemented a prototype dedicated breast CT system (bCT) to improve the spatial resolution characteristics, in order to improve detection of micro-calcifications. Methods: A 10.8 kW water-cooled, tungsten anode x-ray tube, running up to 240 mA at 60 kV, coupled with an x-ray generator specifically designed for this application, and 0.3 mm of added copper filter was used to generate x-ray pulses. A CsI CMOS flat panel detector with a pixel pitch of 0.075 mm in native binning mode was used. The system geometry was designed in a way to achieve an FOV on par with similar bCT prototypes, resulting in a magnification factor of 1.39. A 0.013 mm tungsten wire was used to generate point spread functions. Multiple scans were performed with different numbers of projections, different reconstruction kernel sizes and different reconstruction filters to study the effects of each parameter on MTF. The resulting MTFs were then evaluated quantitatively using the generated PFSs. Duplicate scans with the same parameters were performed on two other dedicated breast CT systems to compare the performance of the new prototype. Results: The results of the MTF experiments demonstrate a significant improvement in the spatial resolution characteristics. In the new prototype, using the pulsed x-ray source results in a restoration of the azimuthal MTF degradation, due to motion blurring previously seen in other bCT systems. Moreover, employing the higher resolution x-ray detector considerably improves the MTF. The MTF at 10% of the new system is at 3.5 1/mm, a factor of 4.36 greater than an earlier bCT scanner. Conclusion: The MTF analysis of the new prototype bCT shows that using the new hardware and control results in a significant improvement in visualization of finer detail. This suggests that the visualization of micro-calcifications will be significantly improved.

  3. TU-C-17A-05: Dose Domain Optimization of MLC Leaf Patterns for...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    domain required multiplying the fluence with a sparse matrix. Exploiting this property made it feasible to solve the problem using CVX, a MATLAB-based convex modeling framework. ...

  4. TU-C-BRE-10: A Streamlined Approach to EPID Transit Dosimetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, B; Fontenot, J

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To investigate the feasibility of a simple and efficient transit dosimetry method using the electronic portal imaging device (EPID) for dose delivery error detection and prevention. Methods: In the proposed method, 2D reference transit images are generated for comparison with online images acquired during treatment. Reference transit images are generated by convolving through-air EPID measurements of each field with pixel-specific kernels selected from a library of pre-calculated Monte Carlo pencil kernels of varying radiological thickness. The kernel used for each pixel is selected based on the calculated radiological thickness of the patient along a line joining the pixel and the virtual source. The accuracy of the technique was evaluated in flat homogeneous and heterogeneous plastic water phantoms, a heterogeneous cylindrical phantom, and an anthropomorphic head phantom. Gamma criteria of 3%/3 mm was used to quantify the accuracy of the technique for the various cases. Results: An average of 99.9% and 99.7% of the points in the comparison between the measured and predicted images passed a 3%/3mm gamma for the homogeneous and heterogeneous plastic water phantoms, respectively. 97.1% of the points passed for the analysis of the heterogeneous cylindrical phantom. For the anthropomorphic head phantom, an average of 97.8% of points passed the 3%/3mm gamma criteria for all field sizes. Failures were observed primarily in areas of drastic thickness or material changes and at the edges of the fields. Conclusion: The data suggest that the proposed transit dosimetry method is a feasible approach to in vivo dose monitoring. Future research efforts could include implementation for more complex fields and sensitivity testing of the method to setup errors and changes in anatomy. Oncology Data Systems provided partial funding support but did not participate in the collection or analysis of data.

  5. TU-F-17A-07: Real-Time Personalized Margins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rottmann, J; Berbeco, R

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To maximize normal tissue sparing for treatments requiring motion encompassing margins. Motion mitigation techniques including DMLC or couch tracking can freeze tumor motion within the treatment aperture potentially allowing for smaller treatment margins and thus better sparing of normal tissue. To enable for a safe application of this concept in the clinic we propose adapting margins dynamically in real-time during radiotherapy delivery based on personalized tumor localization confidence. To demonstrate technical feasibility we present a phantom study. Methods: We utilize a realistic anthropomorphic dynamic thorax phantom with a lung tumor model embedded close to the spine. The tumor, a 3D-printout of a patient's GTV, is moved 15mm peak-to-peak by diaphragm compression and monitored by continuous EPID imaging in real-time. Two treatment apertures are created for each beam, one representing ITV -based and the other GTV-based margin expansion. A soft tissue localization (STiL) algorithm utilizing the continuous EPID images is employed to freeze tumor motion within the treatment aperture by means of DMLC tracking. Depending on a tracking confidence measure (TCM), the treatment aperture is adjusted between the ITV and the GTV leaf. Results: We successfully demonstrate real-time personalized margin adjustment in a phantom study. We measured a system latency of about 250 ms which we compensated by utilizing a respiratory motion prediction algorithm (ridge regression). With prediction in place we observe tracking accuracies better than 1mm. For TCM=0 (as during startup) an ITV-based treatment aperture is chosen, for TCM=1 a GTV-based aperture and for 0

  6. TU-F-18A-02: Iterative Image-Domain Decomposition for Dual-Energy CT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niu, T; Dong, X; Petrongolo, M; Zhu, L

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Dual energy CT (DECT) imaging plays an important role in advanced imaging applications due to its material decomposition capability. Direct decomposition via matrix inversion suffers from significant degradation of image signal-to-noise ratios, which reduces clinical value. Existing de-noising algorithms achieve suboptimal performance since they suppress image noise either before or after the decomposition and do not fully explore the noise statistical properties of the decomposition process. We propose an iterative image-domain decomposition method for noise suppression in DECT, using the full variance-covariance matrix of the decomposed images. Methods: The proposed algorithm is formulated in the form of least-square estimation with smoothness regularization. It includes the inverse of the estimated variance-covariance matrix of the decomposed images as the penalty weight in the least-square term. Performance is evaluated using an evaluation phantom (Catphan 600) and an anthropomorphic head phantom. Results are compared to those generated using direct matrix inversion with no noise suppression, a de-noising method applied on the decomposed images, and an existing algorithm with similar formulation but with an edge-preserving regularization term. Results: On the Catphan phantom, our method retains the same spatial resolution as the CT images before decomposition while reducing the noise standard deviation of decomposed images by over 98%. The other methods either degrade spatial resolution or achieve less low-contrast detectability. Also, our method yields lower electron density measurement error than direct matrix inversion and reduces error variation by over 97%. On the head phantom, it reduces the noise standard deviation of decomposed images by over 97% without blurring the sinus structures. Conclusion: We propose an iterative image-domain decomposition method for DECT. The method combines noise suppression and material decomposition into an iterative process and achieves both goals simultaneously. The proposed algorithm shows superior performance on noise suppression with high image spatial resolution and low-contrast detectability. This work is supported by a Varian MRA grant.

  7. Site characterization plan: Conceptual design report: Volume 4, Appendices F-O: Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacDougall, H R; Scully, L W; Tillerson, J R

    1987-09-01

    The site for the prospective repository is located at Yucca Mountain in southwestern Nevada, and the waste emplacement area will be constructed in the underlying volcanic tuffs. The target horizon for waste emplacement is a sloping bed of densely welded tuff more than 650 ft below the surface and typically more than 600 ft above the water table. The conceptual design described in this report is unique among repository designs in that it uses ramps in addition to shafts to gain access to the underground facility, the emplacement horizon is located above the water table, and it is possible that 300- to 400-ft-long horizontal waste emplacement boreholes will be used. This report summarizes the design bases, design and performance criteria, and the design analyses performed. The current status of meeting the preclosure performance objectives for licensing and of resolving the repository design and preclosure issues is presented. The repository design presented in this report will be expanded and refined during the advanced conceptual design, the license application design, and the final procurement and construction design phases. Volume 4 contains Appendices F to O.

  8. TU-C-18A-01: Models of Risk From Low-Dose Radiation Exposures: What Does the Evidence Say?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bushberg, J; Boreham, D; Ulsh, B

    2014-06-15

    At dose levels of (approximately) 500 mSv or more, increased cancer incidence and mortality have been clearly demonstrated. However, at the low doses of radiation used in medical imaging, the relationship between dose and cancer risk is not well established. As such, assumptions about the shape of the dose-response curve are made. These assumptions, or risk models, are used to estimate potential long term effects. Common models include 1) the linear non-threshold (LNT) model, 2) threshold models with either a linear or curvilinear dose response above the threshold, and 3) a hormetic model, where the risk is initially decreased below background levels before increasing. The choice of model used when making radiation risk or protection calculations and decisions can have significant implications on public policy and health care decisions. However, the ongoing debate about which risk model best describes the dose-response relationship at low doses of radiation makes informed decision making difficult. This symposium will review the two fundamental approaches to determining the risk associated with low doses of ionizing radiation, namely radiation epidemiology and radiation biology. The strengths and limitations of each approach will be reviewed, the results of recent studies presented, and the appropriateness of different risk models for various real world scenarios discussed. Examples of well-designed and poorly-designed studies will be provided to assist medical physicists in 1) critically evaluating publications in the field and 2) communicating accurate information to medical professionals, patients, and members of the general public. Equipped with the best information that radiation epidemiology and radiation biology can currently provide, and an understanding of the limitations of such information, individuals and organizations will be able to make more informed decisions regarding questions such as 1) how much shielding to install at medical facilities, 2) at what dose level are risk vs. benefit discussions with patients appropriate, 3) at what dose level should we tell a pregnant woman that the baby’s health risk from a prenatal radiation exposure is “significant”, 4) is informed consent needed for patients undergoing medical imaging, and 5) at what dose level is evacuation appropriate after a radiological accident. Examples of the tremendous impact that choosing different risks models can have on the answers to these types of questions will be given.A moderated panel discussion will allow audience members to pose questions to the faculty members, each of whom is an established expert in his respective discipline. Learning Objectives: Understand the fundamental principles, strengths and limitations of radiation epidemiology and radiation biology for determining the risk from exposures to low doses of ionizing radiation Become familiar with common models of risk used to describe the dose-response relationship at low dose levels Learn to identify strengths and weaknesses in studies designed to measure the effect of low doses of ionizing radiation Understand the implications of different risk models on public policy and health care decisions.

  9. TU-C-BRE-02: A Novel, Highly Efficient and Automated Quality Assurance Tool for Modern Linear Accelerators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goddu, S; Sun, B; Yaddanapudi, S; Kamal, G; Mutic, S; Baltes, C; Rose, S; Stinson, K

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Quality assurance (QA) of complex linear accelerators is critical and highly time consuming. Varians Machine Performance Check (MPC) uses IsoCal phantom to test geometric and dosimetric aspects of the TrueBeam systems in <5min. In this study we independently tested the accuracy and robustness of the MPC tools. Methods: MPC is automated for simultaneous image-acquisition, using kV-and-MV onboard-imagers (EPIDs), while delivering kV-and-MV beams in a set routine of varying gantry, collimator and couch angles. MPC software-tools analyze the images to test: i) beam-output and uniformity, ii) positional accuracy of isocenter, EPIDs, collimating jaws (CJs), MLC leaves and couch and iii) rotational accuracy of gantry, collimator and couch. 6MV-beam dose-output and uniformity were tested using ionization-chamber (IC) and ICarray. Winston-Lutz-Tests (WLT) were performed to measure isocenter-offsets caused by gantry, collimator and couch rotations. Positional accuracy of EPIDs was evaluated using radio-opaque markers of the IsoCal phantom. Furthermore, to test the robustness of the MPC tools we purposefully miscalibrated a non-clinical TrueBeam by introducing errors in beam-output, energy, symmetry, gantry angle, couch translations, CJs and MLC leaves positions. Results: 6MV-output and uniformity were within 0.6% for most measurements with a maximum deviation of 1.0%. Average isocenter-offset caused by gantry and collimator rotations was 0.3160.011mm agreeing with IsoLock (0.274mm) and WLT (0.41mm). Average rotation-induced couch-shift from MPC was 0.3780.032mm agreeing with WLT (0.35mm). MV-and-kV imager-offsets measured by MPC were within 0.15mm. MPC predicted all machine miscalibrations within acceptable clinical tolerance. MPC detected the output miscalibrations within 0.61% while the MLC and couch positions were within 0.06mm and 0.14mm, respectively. Gantry angle miscalibrations were detected within 0.1. Conclusions: MPC is a useful tool for QA of TrueBeam systems and its automation makes it highly efficient for testing both geometric and dosimetric aspects of the machine. This is very important for hypo-fractionated SBRT treatments. Received support from Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA 94304-1038.

  10. TU-C-17A-03: An Integrated Contour Evaluation Software Tool Using Supervised Pattern Recognition for Radiotherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, H; Tan, J; Kavanaugh, J; Dolly, S; Gay, H; Thorstad, W; Anastasio, M; Altman, M; Mutic, S; Li, H

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Radiotherapy (RT) contours delineated either manually or semiautomatically require verification before clinical usage. Manual evaluation is very time consuming. A new integrated software tool using supervised pattern contour recognition was thus developed to facilitate this process. Methods: The contouring tool was developed using an object-oriented programming language C# and application programming interfaces, e.g. visualization toolkit (VTK). The C# language served as the tool design basis. The Accord.Net scientific computing libraries were utilized for the required statistical data processing and pattern recognition, while the VTK was used to build and render 3-D mesh models from critical RT structures in real-time and 360° visualization. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used for system self-updating geometry variations of normal structures based on physician-approved RT contours as a training dataset. The inhouse design of supervised PCA-based contour recognition method was used for automatically evaluating contour normality/abnormality. The function for reporting the contour evaluation results was implemented by using C# and Windows Form Designer. Results: The software input was RT simulation images and RT structures from commercial clinical treatment planning systems. Several abilities were demonstrated: automatic assessment of RT contours, file loading/saving of various modality medical images and RT contours, and generation/visualization of 3-D images and anatomical models. Moreover, it supported the 360° rendering of the RT structures in a multi-slice view, which allows physicians to visually check and edit abnormally contoured structures. Conclusion: This new software integrates the supervised learning framework with image processing and graphical visualization modules for RT contour verification. This tool has great potential for facilitating treatment planning with the assistance of an automatic contour evaluation module in avoiding unnecessary manual verification for physicians/dosimetrists. In addition, its nature as a compact and stand-alone tool allows for future extensibility to include additional functions for physicians’ clinical needs.

  11. TU-A-12A-01: Consistency of Lung Expansion and Contraction During Respiration: Implications for Quantitative Imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patton, T; Du, K; Bayouth, J; Christensen, G; Reinhardt, J

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) can be used to evaluate longitudinal changes in pulmonary function. The sensitivity of such measurements to identify function change may be improved with reproducible breathing patterns. The purpose of this study was to determine if inhale was more consistent than exhale, i.e., lung expansion during inhalation compared to lung contraction during exhalation. Methods: Repeat 4DCT image data acquired within a short time interval from 8 patients. Using a tissue volume preserving deformable image registration algorithm, Jacobian ventilation maps in two scanning sessions were computed and compared on the same coordinate for reproducibility analysis. Equivalent lung volumes (ELV) were used for 5 subjects and equivalent title volumes (ETV) for the 3 subjects who experienced a baseline shift between scans. In addition, gamma pass rate was calculated from a modified gamma index evaluation between two ventilation maps, using acceptance criterions of 2mm distance-to-agreement and 5% ventilation difference. The gamma pass rates were then compared using paired t-test to determine if there was a significant difference. Results: Inhalation was more reproducible than exhalation. In the 5 ELV subjects 78.5% of the lung voxels met the gamma criteria for expansion during inhalation when comparing the two scans, while significantly fewer (70.9% of the lung voxels) met the gamma criteria for contraction during exhalation (p = .027). In the 8 total subjects analyzed the average gamma pass rate for expansion during inhalation was 75.2% while for contraction during exhalation it was 70.3%; which trended towards significant (p = .064). Conclusion: This work implies inhalation is more reproducible than exhalation, when equivalent respiratory volumes are considered. The reason for this difference is unknown. Longitudinal investigation of pulmonary function change based on inhalation images appears appropriate for Jacobian-based measure of lung tissue expansion. NIH Grant: R01 CA166703.

  12. TU-F-18A-09: CT Number Stability Across Patient Sizes Using Virtual-Monoenergetic Dual-Energy CT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michalak, G; Grimes, J; Fletcher, J; McCollough, C; Halaweish, A

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Virtual-monoenergetic imaging uses dual-energy CT data to synthesize images corresponding to a single photon energy, thereby reducing beam-hardening artifacts. This work evaluated the ability of a commercial virtual-monoenergetic algorithm to achieve stable CT numbers across patient sizes. Methods: Test objects containing a range of iodine and calcium hydroxyapatite concentrations were placed inside 8 torso-shaped water phantoms, ranging in lateral width from 15 to 50 cm, and scanned on a dual-source CT system (Siemens Somatom Force). Single-energy scans were acquired from 70-150 kV in 10 kV increments; dual-energy scans were acquired using 4 energy pairs (low energy: 70, 80, 90, and 100 kV; high energy: 150 kV + 0.6 mm Sn). CTDIvol was matched for all single- and dual-energy scans for a given phantom size. All scans used 128×0.6 mm collimation and were reconstructed with 1-mm thickness at 0.8-mm increment and a medium smooth body kernel. Monoenergetic images were generated using commercial software (syngo Via Dual Energy, VA30). Iodine contrast was calculated as the difference in mean iodine and water CT numbers from respective regions-of-interest in 10 consecutive images. Results: CT numbers remained stable as phantom width varied from 15 to 50 cm for all dual-energy data sets (except for at 50 cm using 70/150Sn due to photon starvation effects). Relative to the 15 cm phantom, iodine contrast was within 5.2% of the 70 keV value for phantom sizes up to 45 cm. At 90/150Sn, photon starvation did not occur at 50 cm, and iodine contrast in the 50-cm phantom was within 1.4% of the 15-cm phantom. Conclusion: Monoenergetic imaging, as implemented in the evaluated commercial system, eliminated the variation in CT numbers due to patient size, and may provide more accurate data for quantitative tasks, including radiation therapy treatment planning. Siemens Healthcare.

  13. TU-F-18A-03: Improving Tissue Segmentation for Monte Carlo Dose Calculation Using DECT Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Di, Salvio A; Bedwani, S; Carrier, J

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To develop a new segmentation technique using dual energy CT (DECT) to overcome limitations related to segmentation from a standard Hounsfield unit (HU) to electron density (ED) calibration curve. Both methods are compared with a Monte Carlo analysis of dose distribution. Methods: DECT allows a direct calculation of both ED and effective atomic number (EAN) within a given voxel. The EAN is here defined as a function of the total electron cross-section of a medium. These values can be effectively acquired using a calibrated method from scans at two different energies. A prior stoichiometric calibration on a Gammex RMI phantom allows us to find the parameters to calculate EAN and ED within a voxel. Scans from a Siemens SOMATOM Definition Flash dual source system provided the data for our study. A Monte Carlo analysis compares dose distribution simulated by dosxyz-nrc, considering a head phantom defined by both segmentation techniques. Results: Results from depth dose and dose profile calculations show that materials with different atomic compositions but similar EAN present differences of less than 1%. Therefore, it is possible to define a short list of basis materials from which density can be adapted to imitate interaction behavior of any tissue. Comparison of the dose distributions on both segmentations shows a difference of 50% in dose in areas surrounding bone at low energy. Conclusion: The presented segmentation technique allows a more accurate medium definition in each voxel, especially in areas of tissue transition. Since the behavior of human tissues is highly sensitive at low energies, this reduces the errors on calculated dose distribution. This method could be further developed to optimize the tissue characterization based on anatomic site.

  14. TU-F-BRE-04: Development of a High-Resolution EPID Based Dosimetry Strategy for Radiosurgery QA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Han, B; Ding, A; Xing, L; Wang, L

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To systematically investigate a high spatial-resolution (0.2mm) electronic portal imaging device (EPID) for CyberKnife (CK) based radiosurgery system quality assurance (QA). Methods: An EPID-based dosimetric measurement technique is applied to CK output measurement and field size verification. A Monte Carlo (MC) simulated pixel-to-pixel EPID response specific to CK is used to convert a raw EPID-measured image of a radiosurgery field into water-based dose distribution. The output factors are measured using EPID for radiosurgery fields formed by fixed and variable aperture (Iris) cones. Circular fields of 5, 7.5, 10, 15, 30 and 60mm diameters are measured and compared with diode measurements. The equivalent diameters are determined by analyzing the area received dose greater than half maximum. Results: For both fixed and Iris cones, the EPID measured output factors of circular fields of 5mm to 60mm diameters are in good agreement with the radiosurgery diode measurements. The mean output differences are 1.0% and 1.5% for fixed and Iris cone respectively. The max differences are 2.2% for the 15mm fixed cone, and 1.8% for the 10mm Iris field. The equivalent diameters derived from the EPID measurements are in good agreement comparing to the water scan result with mean differences of 0.210.09mm and 0.020.22mm for fixed and Iris cone, respectively. The high detector density EPID is able to measure the whole radiation field and identify the field edge and center. Therefore, there is no need to align the detector center perfectly at field center and the setup time is greatly reduced for QA. Conclusion: The high spatial-resolution EPID is proved to be an accurate and efficient dosimetric tool for radiosurgery QA and especially useful in Cyberknife QA for variable aperture collimators.

  15. Distributed H{sub 2} Supply for Fuel Cell Utility Vehicles Year 6 - Activity 3.5 - Development fo a National Center for Hydrogen Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Almlie, Jay

    2012-04-15

    The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) has developed a high-pressure hydrogen production system that reforms a liquid organic feedstock and water at operating pressures up to 800 bar (~12,000 psig). The advantages of this system include the elimination of energy-intensive hydrogen compression, a smaller process footprint, and the elimination of gaseous or liquid hydrogen transport. This system could also potentially enable distributed hydrogen production from centralized coal. Processes have been investigated to gasify coal and then convert the syngas into alcohol or alkanes. These alcohols and alkanes could then be easily transported in bulk to distributed high-pressure water-reforming (HPWR)-based systems to deliver hydrogen economically. The intent of this activity was to utilize the EERC’s existing HPWR hydrogen production process, previously designed and constructed in a prior project phase, as a basis to improve operational and production performance of an existing demonstration unit. Parameters to be pursued included higher hydrogen delivery pressure, higher hydrogen production rates, and the ability to refill within a 5-minute time frame.

  16. Design & development fo a 20-MW flywheel-based frequency regulation power plant : a study for the DOE Energy Storage Systems program.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rounds, Robert; Peek, Georgianne Huff

    2009-01-01

    This report describes the successful efforts of Beacon Power to design and develop a 20-MW frequency regulation power plant based solely on flywheels. Beacon's Smart Matrix (Flywheel) Systems regulation power plant, unlike coal or natural gas generators, will not burn fossil fuel or directly produce particulates or other air emissions and will have the ability to ramp up or down in a matter of seconds. The report describes how data from the scaled Beacon system, deployed in California and New York, proved that the flywheel-based systems provided faster responding regulation services in terms of cost-performance and environmental impact. Included in the report is a description of Beacon's design package for a generic, multi-MW flywheel-based regulation power plant that allows accurate bids from a design/build contractor and Beacon's recommendations for site requirements that would ensure the fastest possible construction. The paper concludes with a statement about Beacon's plans for a lower cost, modular-style substation based on the 20-MW design.

  17. Summary - System Level Modeling and Simulation Tools for Hanford

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    The ob curren plannin Dispos yield re to mod plannin to imp (4) det actual * Th th Th co no in pl * In fo op sy as di re de co an * Th en m ha ev sc The pu techni projec Site: H roject: H Report Date: S ited States valuation in Su Why DOE bjective of the r nt Process Simu ng basis for OR sition System P easonable esti del facilities cur ng or operation rove the rate o termine if addit execution of in What th he current Syst hat are limited t hese tools curr omposition, res ot meeting was itial

  18. DOE to Host Energy Track at RES 2016 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Five global megatrends will shape the future of Indian Country: population growth and migration, climate change, technological innovations, higher living standards, and economic ...

  19. Penn State HyRES Laboratory Wind Turbine | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    - Yankton School District Wind Project

  20. Indian Energy & Energy Infrastructure to be Showcased at RES 2012 in Las Vegas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Our mission as a Department – to ensure America’s security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental, and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutions –...

  1. Microsoft Word - NG_ResQrySys_UsersGuide_Sept2015-FINAL.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    ... the Query System is a web-based system, no download or installation is necessary. All that is needed to run the Query System is a PC with up-to-date web-browsing software (such ...

  2. Microsoft PowerPoint - C-Mod_quarterly_res_highlights_21.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    confinement "I-mode" - Neon and nitrogen seeded plasmas (all regimes) - H-mode pedestal physics (APS invited) - ITER discharge development - B-coated Mo tile operation -...

  3. Microsoft PowerPoint - 8880 December 2011 OSDF Inspection Report Screen Res.ppt

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    880.1 12/11 On-Site Disposal Facility Inspection Report December 2011 6319D-5992c 8880.2 12/11 East Face Cell 1 West Face Cell 1 6319D-5995 6319D-6001 8880.3 12/11 North Face Cell 1 North Drainage (looking west) 6319D-5997 6319D-5998 8880.4 12/11 East Face Cell 2 West Face Cell 2 6319D-6002 6319D-5994 8880.5 12/11 East Face Cell 3 West Face Cell 3 6319D-6003 6319D-5993 8880.6 12/11 East Face Cell 4 West Face Cell 4 6319D-6004 6319D-5991 8880.7 12/11 East Face Cell 5 West Face Cell 5 6319D-6006

  4. Microsoft PowerPoint - 8939 June 2013 OSDF Inspection Report - ScreenRes.ppt [Compatibility Mode]

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    9.1 06/13 On-Site Disposal Facility Inspection Report June 2013 8322-2 06/06/13 8939.2 06/13 East Face Cell 1 West Face Cell 1 6319D-6174 6319D-6197 8939.3 06/13 North Face Cell 1 North Drainage (looking west) 6319D-6172 6319D-6171 8939.4 06/13 East Face Cell 2 West Face Cell 2 6319D-6195 6319D-6175 8939.5 06/13 East Face Cell 3 West Face Cell 3 6319D-6194 6319D-6176 8939.6 06/13 East Face Cell 4 West Face Cell 4 6319D-6193 6319D-6177 8939.7 06/13 East Face Cell 5 West Face Cell 5 6319D-6192

  5. TU-C-BRE-05: Clinical Implications of AAA Commissioning Errors and Ability of Common Commissioning ' Credentialing Procedures to Detect Them

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McVicker, A; Oldham, M; Yin, F; Adamson, J

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To test the ability of the TG-119 commissioning process and RPC credentialing to detect errors in the commissioning process for a commercial Treatment Planning System (TPS). Methods: We introduced commissioning errors into the commissioning process for the Anisotropic Analytical Algorithm (AAA) within the Eclipse TPS. We included errors in Dosimetric Leaf Gap (DLG), electron contamination, flattening filter material, and beam profile measurement with an inappropriately large farmer chamber (simulated using sliding window smoothing of profiles). We then evaluated the clinical impact of these errors on clinical intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) plans (head and neck, low and intermediate risk prostate, mesothelioma, and scalp) by looking at PTV D99, and mean and max OAR dose. Finally, for errors with substantial clinical impact we determined sensitivity of the RPC IMRT film analysis at the midpoint between PTV and OAR using a 4mm distance to agreement metric, and of a 7% TLD dose comparison. We also determined sensitivity of the 3 dose planes of the TG-119 C-shape IMRT phantom using gamma criteria of 3% 3mm. Results: The largest clinical impact came from large changes in the DLG with a change of 1mm resulting in up to a 5% change in the primary PTV D99. This resulted in a discrepancy in the RPC TLDs in the PTVs and OARs of 7.1% and 13.6% respectively, which would have resulted in detection. While use of incorrect flattening filter caused only subtle errors (<1%) in clinical plans, the effect was most pronounced for the RPC TLDs in the OARs (>6%). Conclusion: The AAA commissioning process within the Eclipse TPS is surprisingly robust to user error. When errors do occur, the RPC and TG-119 commissioning credentialing criteria are effective at detecting them; however OAR TLDs are the most sensitive despite the RPC currently excluding them from analysis.

  6. TU-C-12A-07: Characterization of Longitudinal Reproducibility of Quantitative Diffusion Imaging Data Acquired with Four Different Protocols Using a Phantom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, X; Buzzelli, M; Randazzo, W; Yanasak, N

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To characterize and compare the longitudinal reproducibility of diffusion imaging data acquired with four different protocols using a phantom. Methods: The Diffusive Quantitative Imaging Phantom (DQIP) was constructed using fifteen cylindrical compartments within a larger compartment, filled with deionized water doped with CuSO4 and NaCl. The smaller compartments contained arrays of hexagonal or cylindrical glass capillaries of varying inner diameters, for differing restraint of water diffusion. The sensitivity of diffusion imaging metrics to signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) was probed by doping compartments with differing ratios of deuterium oxide to H2O. A cork phantom enclosure was constructed to increase thermal stability during scanning and a cork holder was made to reproduce scanner positioning. Four different protocols of DWI (diffusion weighted imaging) and DTI (Diffusion tensor imaging) imaging were assembled on a GE Excite HDx 3.0T MRI scanner to collect imaging data over 9-10 days. Data was processed with in-house software created in Matlab to obtain fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values. Results: All DTI and DWI sequences showed good longitudinal stability of mean FA and ADC values per compartment, exhibiting low standard deviation ∼9%. A t-test was performed to compare mean FA values from the DTI clinical protocol to those of the DTI special protocol, indicating significantly different values in the majority of compartments. ANOVA performed on ADC values for all DTI and DWI sequences also showed significantly different values in a majority of compartments. Conclusion: This work has the potential for quantifying systemic variations between diffusion imaging sequences from different platforms. Characterization of DWI and DTI performance were done over four sequences with predictable results. This data suggests that the DQIP phantom may be a reliable method of monitoring day-to-day and scan-to-scan variation in diffusion imaging sequences from different platforms. Schott Glass North America and The Phantom Laboratory have donated materials and personnel time to this project.

  7. TU-C-BRE-04: 3D Gel Dosimetry Using ViewRay On-Board MR Scanner: A Feasibility Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, L; Du, D; Green, O; Rodriguez, V; Wooten, H; Xiao, Z; Yang, D; Hu, Y; Li, H

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: MR based 3D gel has been proposed for radiation therapy dosimetry. However, access to MR scanner has been one of the limiting factors for its wide acceptance. Recent commercialization of an on-board MR-IGRT device (ViewRay) may render the availability issue less of a concern. This work reports our attempts to simulate MR based dose measurement accuracy on ViewRay using three different gels. Methods: A spherical BANG gel dosimeter was purchased from MGS Research. Cylindrical MAGIC gel and Fricke gel were fabricated in-house according to published recipes. After irradiation, BANG and MAGIC were imaged using a dual-echo spin echo sequence for T2 measurement on a Philips 1.5T MR scanner, while Fricke gel was imaged using multiple spin echo sequences. Difference between MR measured and TPS calculated dose was defined as noise. The noise power spectrum was calculated and then simulated for the 0.35 T magnetic field associated with ViewRay. The estimated noise was then added to TG-119 test cases to simulate measured dose distributions. Simulated measurements were evaluated against TPS calculated doses using gamma analysis. Results: Given same gel, sequence and coil setup, with a FOV of 1809090 mm3, resolution of 333 mm3, and scanning time of 30 minutes, the simulated measured dose distribution using BANG would have a gamma passing rate greater than 90% (3%/3mm and absolute). With a FOV 1809090 mm3, resolution of 445 mm3, and scanning time of 45 minutes, the simulated measuremened dose distribution would have a gamma passing rate greater than 97%. MAGIC exhibited similar performance while Fricke gel was inferior due to much higher noise. Conclusions: The simulation results demonstrated that it may be feasible to use MAGIC and BANG gels for 3D dose verification using ViewRay low-field on-board MRI scanner.

  8. TU-F-17A-08: The Relative Accuracy of 4D Dose Accumulation for Lung Radiotherapy Using Rigid Dose Projection Versus Dose Recalculation On Every Breathing Phase

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lamb, J; Lee, C; Tee, S; Lee, P; Iwamoto, K; Low, D; Valdes, G; Robinson, C

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To investigate the accuracy of 4D dose accumulation using projection of dose calculated on the end-exhalation, mid-ventilation, or average intensity breathing phase CT scan, versus dose accumulation performed using full Monte Carlo dose recalculation on every breathing phase. Methods: Radiotherapy plans were analyzed for 10 patients with stage I-II lung cancer planned using 4D-CT. SBRT plans were optimized using the dose calculated by a commercially-available Monte Carlo algorithm on the end-exhalation 4D-CT phase. 4D dose accumulations using deformable registration were performed with a commercially available tool that projected the planned dose onto every breathing phase without recalculation, as well as with a Monte Carlo recalculation of the dose on all breathing phases. The 3D planned dose (3D-EX), the 3D dose calculated on the average intensity image (3D-AVE), and the 4D accumulations of the dose calculated on the end-exhalation phase CT (4D-PR-EX), the mid-ventilation phase CT (4D-PR-MID), and the average intensity image (4D-PR-AVE), respectively, were compared against the accumulation of the Monte Carlo dose recalculated on every phase. Plan evaluation metrics relating to target volumes and critical structures relevant for lung SBRT were analyzed. Results: Plan evaluation metrics tabulated using 4D-PR-EX, 4D-PR-MID, and 4D-PR-AVE differed from those tabulated using Monte Carlo recalculation on every phase by an average of 0.140.70 Gy, - 0.110.51 Gy, and 0.000.62 Gy, respectively. Deviations of between 8 and 13 Gy were observed between the 4D-MC calculations and both 3D methods for the proximal bronchial trees of 3 patients. Conclusions: 4D dose accumulation using projection without re-calculation may be sufficiently accurate compared to 4D dose accumulated from Monte Carlo recalculation on every phase, depending on institutional protocols. Use of 4D dose accumulation should be considered when evaluating normal tissue complication probabilities as well as in clinical situations where target volumes are directly inferior to mobile critical structures.

  9. TU-C-BRE-06: Effect of Implementing In-House Treatment Couch Model On Patient Specific QA for Pinnacle SmartArc Treatment Plans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellis, A; Jacqmin, D; McDonald, D; Peng, J; Koch, N; Ashenafi, M; Vanek, K

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Failure to model the treatment couch during VMAT QA planar dose calculation may Result in discrepancies between measured and calculated dose. These discrepancies are due to beam attenuation by the treatment couch that is not included in dose calculation. This work evaluates effects of accounting for this attenuation on patient specific VMAT QA results using an in-house created Varian Exact couch model in Pinnacl Methods: Patient specific VMAT QA results for 13 Pinnacle SmartArc plans generated for treatment on a Varian iX accelerator were studied. These plans included 3 treatment sites (7 H'N, 5 brain, 1 prostate). A Pinnacle model for Varian Exact couch was created in-house to replace the CT simulator couch. Composite arc planar doses were calculated with no couch present (NC) and with the Exact couch model (CM) in place for each plan. QA measurements were taken using IBA Matrixx Evolution ion chamber array set up in IBA MultiCube and were compared to each planar dose. Gamma passing criteria of both 3%/3mm and 2%/2mm tolerances were used. Results: Over all treatment sites, increases in gamma passing rates from NC to CM ranged from -0.4% to +27.3% at 3%/3mm and +0.1% to +30.5% at 2%/2mm. Mean increases in passing rates were +3.7% and +5.3% for 3%/3mm and 2%/2mm tolerances, respectively. Site-specific mean increases (NC to CM) in gamma passing rates were +4.4%, +3.4%, +0.4% (3%/3mm tolerance) and +6.9%, +3.7%, and +2.9% at (2%/2mm tolerance) for H'N, brain, and prostate, respectively. Conclusion: Results support use of a couch model when generating planar dose for patient specific VMAT QA analysis. The improvements were most noticeable at 2%/2mm tolerance and for the H'N and brain sites. Eliminating treatment couch beam attenuation as a source of discrepancy in QA measurements may improve the ability to recognize otherwise masked delivered dose errors.

  10. TU-C-17A-05: Dose Domain Optimization of MLC Leaf Patterns for Highly Complicated 4Ï€ IMRT Plans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nguyen, D; Yu, V; Ruan, D; Semwal, H; Cao, M; Low, D; Sheng, K; O’Connor, D

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Highly conformal non-coplanar 4π radiotherapy plans typically require more than 20 intensity-modulated fields to deliver. A novel method to calculate multileaf collimator (MLC) leaf patterns is introduced to maximize delivery efficiency, accuracy and plan quality. Methods: 4 GBM patients, with a prescription dose of 59.4 Gy or 60 Gy, were evaluated using the 4π algorithm using 20 beams. The MLC calculation utilized a least square minimization of the dose distribution, with an anisotropic total variation regularization term to encourage piecewise continuity in the fluence maps. Transforming the fluence to the dose domain required multiplying the fluence with a sparse matrix. Exploiting this property made it feasible to solve the problem using CVX, a MATLAB-based convex modeling framework. The fluence was stratified into even step sizes, and the MLC segments, limited to 300, were calculated. The patients studied were replanned using Eclipse with the same beam angles. Results: Compared to the original 4π plan, the stratified 4π plan increased the maximum/mean dose for, in Gy, by 1.0/0.0 (brainstem), 0.5/0.2 (chiasm), 0.0/0.0 (spinal cord), 1.9/0.3 (L eye), 0.7/0.2 (R eye), 0.4/0.4 (L lens), 0.3/0.3 (R lens), 1.0/0.8 (L Optical Nerve), 0.5/0.3 (R Optical Nerve), 0.3/0.2 (L Cochlea), 0.1/0.1 (R Cochlea), 4.6/0.2 (brain), 2.4/0.1 (brain-PTV), 5.1/0.9 (PTV). Compared to Eclipse, which generated an average of 607 segments, the stratified plan reduced (−) or increased (+) the maximum/mean dose, in Gy, by −10.2/−4.1 (brainstem), −10.5/−8.9 (chiasm), +0.0/−0.1 (spinal cord), −4.9/−3.4 (L eye), −4.1/−2.5 (R eye), −2.8/−2.7 (L lens), −2.1/−1.9 (R lens), −7.6/−6.5 (L Optical Nerve), −8.9/−6.1 (R Optical Nerve), −1.3/−1.9 (L Cochlea), −1.8/−1.8 (R Cochlea), +1.7/−2.1 (brain), +3.2/−2.6 (brain-PTV), +1.8/+0.3 Gy (PTV. The stratified plan was also more homogeneous in the PTV. Conclusion: This novel solver can transform complicated fluence maps into significantly fewer deliverable MLC segments than the commercial system while achieving superior dosimetry. Funding support partially contributed by Varian.

  11. TU-F-18A-04: Use of An Image-Based Material-Decomposition Algorithm for Multi-Energy CT to Determine Basis Material Densities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Z; Leng, S; Yu, L; McCollough, C

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Published methods for image-based material decomposition with multi-energy CT images have required the assumption of volume conservation or accurate knowledge of the x-ray spectra and detector response. The purpose of this work was to develop an image-based material-decomposition algorithm that can overcome these limitations. Methods: An image-based material decomposition algorithm was developed that requires only mass conservation (rather than volume conservation). With this method, using multi-energy CT measurements made with n=4 energy bins, the mass density of each basis material and of the mixture can be determined without knowledge of the tube spectra and detector response. A digital phantom containing 12 samples of mixtures from water, calcium, iron, and iodine was used in the simulation (Siemens DRASIM). The calibration was performed by using pure materials at each energy bin. The accuracy of the technique was evaluated in noise-free and noisy data under the assumption of an ideal photon-counting detector. Results: Basis material densities can be estimated accurately by either theoretic calculation or calibration with known pure materials. The calibration approach requires no prior information about the spectra and detector response. Regression analysis of theoretical values versus estimated values results in excellent agreement for both noise-free and noisy data. For the calibration approach, the R-square values are 0.9960+/−0.0025 and 0.9476+/−0.0363 for noise-free and noisy data, respectively. Conclusion: From multi-energy CT images with n=4 energy bins, the developed image-based material decomposition method accurately estimated 4 basis material density (3 without k-edge and 1 with in the range of the simulated energy bins) even without any prior information about spectra and detector response. This method is applicable to mixtures of solutions and dissolvable materials, where volume conservation assumptions do not apply. CHM receives research support from NIH and Siemens Healthcare.

  12. TU-A-17A-02: In Memoriam of Ben Galkin: Virtual Tools for Validation of X-Ray Breast Imaging Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Myers, K; Bakic, P; Abbey, C; Kupinski, M; Mertelmeier, T

    2014-06-15

    This symposium will explore simulation methods for the preclinical evaluation of novel 3D and 4D x-ray breast imaging systems – the subject of AAPM taskgroup TG234. Given the complex design of modern imaging systems, simulations offer significant advantages over long and costly clinical studies in terms of reproducibility, reduced radiation exposures, a known reference standard, and the capability for studying patient and disease subpopulations through appropriate choice of simulation parameters. Our focus will be on testing the realism of software anthropomorphic phantoms and virtual clinical trials tools developed for the optimization and validation of breast imaging systems. The symposium will review the stateof- the-science, as well as the advantages and limitations of various approaches to testing realism of phantoms and simulated breast images. Approaches based upon the visual assessment of synthetic breast images by expert observers will be contrasted with approaches based upon comparing statistical properties between synthetic and clinical images. The role of observer models in the assessment of realism will be considered. Finally, an industry perspective will be presented, summarizing the role and importance of virtual tools and simulation methods in product development. The challenges and conditions that must be satisfied in order for computational modeling and simulation to play a significantly increased role in the design and evaluation of novel breast imaging systems will be addressed. Learning Objectives: Review the state-of-the science in testing realism of software anthropomorphic phantoms and virtual clinical trials tools; Compare approaches based upon the visual assessment by expert observers vs. the analysis of statistical properties of synthetic images; Discuss the role of observer models in the assessment of realism; Summarize the industry perspective to virtual methods for breast imaging.

  13. TU-F-18C-02: Increasing Amorphous Selenium Thickness in Direct Conversion Flat-Panel Imagers for Contrast-Enhanced Dual-Energy Breast Imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scaduto, DA; Hu, Y-H; Zhao, W

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Contrast-enhanced (CE) breast imaging using iodinated contrast agents requires imaging with x-ray spectra at energies greater than those used in mammography. Optimizing amorphous selenium (a-Se) flat panel imagers (FPI) for this higher energy range may increase lesion conspicuity. Methods: We compare imaging performance of a conventional FPI with 200 μm a-Se conversion layer to a prototype FPI with 300 μm a-Se layer. Both detectors are evaluated in a Siemens MAMMOMAT Inspiration prototype digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) system using low-energy (W/Rh 28 kVp) and high-energy (W/Cu 49 kVp) x-ray spectra. Detectability of iodinated lesions in dual-energy images is evaluated using an iodine contrast phantom. Effects of beam obliquity are investigated in projection and reconstructed images using different reconstruction methods. The ideal observer signal-to-noise ratio is used as a figure-of-merit to predict the optimal a-Se thickness for CE lesion detectability without compromising conventional full-field digital mammography (FFDM) and DBT performance. Results: Increasing a-Se thickness from 200 μm to 300 μm preserves imaging performance at typical mammographic energies (e.g. W/Rh 28 kVp), and improves the detective quantum efficiency (DQE) for high energy (W/Cu 49 kVp) by 30%. While the more penetrating high-energy x-ray photons increase geometric blur due to beam obliquity in the FPI with thicker a-Se layer, the effect on lesion detectability in FBP reconstructions is negligible due to the reconstruction filters employed. Ideal observer SNR for CE objects shows improvements in in-plane detectability with increasing a-Se thicknesses, though small lesion detectability begins to degrade in oblique projections for a-Se thickness above 500 μm. Conclusion: Increasing a-Se thickness in direct conversion FPI from 200 μm to 300 μm improves lesion detectability in CE breast imaging with virtually no cost to conventional FFDM and DBT. This work was partially supported by a research grant from Siemens Healthcare.

  14. TU-F-12A-06: BEST IN PHYSICS (IMAGING) - A Novel Catheter-Based Radionuclide Imaging System to Characterize Atherosclerotic Plaque

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaman, R; Kosuge, H; Carpenter, C; Pratx, G; Sun, C; McConnell, M; Xing, L

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Atherosclerosis underlies coronary artery diseases, the leading cause of death in the United States and worldwide. In this study, we developed a novel catheter-based radionuclide imaging (CRI) system to image 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG), a radionuclide, a marker of vascular inflammation, in murine carotid arteries and characterized the system for spatial resolution from multiple scintillating materials. Methods: The catheter system includes 35 mm and 8 mm fixed focal length lenses, which are subsequently connected to a CMOS camera and fiber holder. The distal ferrule of an image bundle is terminated with a wide-angle lens. The novelty of this system is a scintillating balloon with a crystal tip in the front of the wide angle lens to image light from the decay of 18F-FDG emission signal. The scintillating balloon is fabricated from 1mL of silicone RTV catalyst mixed with 1 mL base and 50 mg/mL calcium fluoride doped with Europium (CaF2:Eu). To identify the optimal scintillating materials with respect to resolution, we calculated modulation transfer function (MTF) of Yttrium Aluminum Garnet doped with Cerium (YAG:Ce), anthracene, and CaF2:Eu phosphors using a thin line optical phantom (Fig. 1a-1b). Macrophage-rich FVB murine atherosclerotic carotid plaque model (n = 4) was used in ex vivo experiments. Confirmatory imaging was also performed by an external optical imaging system (IVIS-200). Results: Analysis of the different phosphors (Fig 1b) showed that CaF2:Eu enabled the best resolution of 1.2?m. The CRI system visualized 18F-FDG in atherosclerotic plaques (Fig. 1d). The ligated left carotid (LR) artery exhibited 4 higher 18F-FDG signal intensity compared to the non-ligated right carotid (negative control) artery (1.6510{sup 2} 4.0710{sup 1} vs. 4.4410{sup 1}2.1710{sup 0}, A.U., p = 0.005) and confirmed with IVIS-200 (Fig. 1d). Conclusion: This CRI system enables high-resolution and sensitive detection of 18F-FDG uptake by murine atherosclerotic plaques.

  15. TU-C-BRE-11: 3D EPID-Based in Vivo Dosimetry: A Major Step Forward Towards Optimal Quality and Safety in Radiation Oncology Practice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mijnheer, B; Mans, A; Olaciregui-Ruiz, I; Rozendaal, R; Spreeuw, H; Herk, M van

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To develop a 3D in vivo dosimetry method that is able to substitute pre-treatment verification in an efficient way, and to terminate treatment delivery if the online measured 3D dose distribution deviates too much from the predicted dose distribution. Methods: A back-projection algorithm has been further developed and implemented to enable automatic 3D in vivo dose verification of IMRT/VMAT treatments using a-Si EPIDs. New software tools were clinically introduced to allow automated image acquisition, to periodically inspect the record-and-verify database, and to automatically run the EPID dosimetry software. The comparison of the EPID-reconstructed and planned dose distribution is done offline to raise automatically alerts and to schedule actions when deviations are detected. Furthermore, a software package for online dose reconstruction was also developed. The RMS of the difference between the cumulative planned and reconstructed 3D dose distributions was used for triggering a halt of a linac. Results: The implementation of fully automated 3D EPID-based in vivo dosimetry was able to replace pre-treatment verification for more than 90% of the patient treatments. The process has been fully automated and integrated in our clinical workflow where over 3,500 IMRT/VMAT treatments are verified each year. By optimizing the dose reconstruction algorithm and the I/O performance, the delivered 3D dose distribution is verified in less than 200 ms per portal image, which includes the comparison between the reconstructed and planned dose distribution. In this way it was possible to generate a trigger that can stop the irradiation at less than 20 cGy after introducing large delivery errors. Conclusion: The automatic offline solution facilitated the large scale clinical implementation of 3D EPID-based in vivo dose verification of IMRT/VMAT treatments; the online approach has been successfully tested for various severe delivery errors.

  16. TU-F-17A-06: Motion Stability and Dosimetric Impact of Spirometer-Based DIBH-RT of Left-Sided Breast Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKenzie, E; Yang, W; Burnison, M; Mirhadi, A; Hakimian, B; Stephen, S; Robert, R; Yue, Y; Sandler, H; Fraass, B

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Patients undergoing radiotherapy (RT) for left-sided breast cancer have increased risk of coronary artery disease. Deep Inhalation Breath Hold assisted RT (DIBH-RT) is shown to increase the geometric separation of the target area and heart, reducing cardiac radiation dose. The purposes of this study are to use Cine MV portal images to determine the stability of spirometer-guided DIBH-RT and examine the dosimetric cardiopulmonary impact of this technique. Methods: Twenty consecutive patients with left-sided breast cancer were recruited to the IRB-approved study. Free-breathing (FB) and DIBH-CT's were acquired at simulation. Rigid registration of the FB-CT and DIBH-CT was performed using primarily breast tissue. Treatment plans were created for each FB-CT and DIBH-CT using identical paired tangent fields with field-in-field or electronic compensation techniques. Dosimetric evaluation included mean and maximum (Dmax) doses for the left anterior descending artery (LAD), mean heart dose, and left lung V20. Cine MV portal images were acquired for medial and lateral fields during treatment. Analysis of Cine images involved chest wall segmentation using an algorithm developed in-house. Intra- and inter-fractional chest wall motion were determined through affine registration to the first frame of each Cine. Results: Dose to each cardiac structure evaluated was significantly (p<0.001) reduced with the DIBH plans. Mean heart dose decreased from 2.9(0.96.6) to 1.6(0.65.3) Gy; mean LAD dose from 16.6(343.6) to 7.4(1.732.7) Gy; and LAD Dmax from 35.4 (6.153) to 18.4(2.551.2) Gy. No statistically significant reduction was found for the left lung V20. Average AP and SI median chest wall motion (intrafractional) was 0.1 (SD=0.9) and 0.5 (SD=1.1) mm, respectively. Average AP inter-fractional chest wall motion was 2.0 (SD=1.4) mm. Conclusion: Spirometer-based DIBH treatments of the left breast are reproducible both inter- and intra-fractionally, and provide a statistically and potentially clinically useful dosimetric advantage to cardiac structures.

  17. TU-F-BRE-01: A High Resolution Micro Fiber Scintillator Detector Optimized for SRS and SBRT in Vivo Real Time Treatment Verification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Izaguirre, E; Rangaraj, D; Price, S; Knewtson, T; Loyalka, S

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: We have built a high resolution real time scintillating fiber detector prototype to determine in real time the accuracy of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) treatments when only a fraction of the planned dose was delivered. The motivation of this work is to enhance dose delivery accuracy and to achieve error free radiosurgery. Methods: A high density array of scintillating fibers and a high speed photo detectors array were integrated to implement a high resolution real time dosimeter that can sample with high resolution pulsed SRS and SBRT beams cross sections. The high efficiency of the developed system allows to read each linac pulse in real time and to compute the accumulated dose and dose errors when only a fraction of the beam was delivered. The fibers are highly packed in a substrate that is directly coupled to two 128 pixel arrays with a pitch matching the fiber spacing to achieve accurate spatial localization. The small cross section of the fiber array allows stacking multiple fiber arrays to measure independent angular profiles that are digitally processed in parallel for real time dosimetry. Results: We implemented a high density array detector prototype with a pitch of 0.5 mm, readout speed of 1.2 msec, and a response time of 0.5 usec. The fast reading speed has the capability to determining the dose in flattening free filter beams. The detector can be installed in transmission mode at the output port of a micro-MLC. Treatment deviations smaller than 3% are detected when less than 1/100 of the planned dose was delivered. Conclusions: We built a prototype of a high resolution fiber scintillator array detector for SRS and SBRT in vivo dosimetry. Results show that the developed detector has the potential to assure error free SRS and SBRT treatments.

  18. TU-F-12A-04: Differential Radiation Avoidance of Functional Liver Regions Defined by 99mTc-Sulfur Colloid SPECT/CT with Proton Therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowen, S; Miyaoka, R; Kinahan, P; Sandison, G; Vesselle, H; Nyflot, M; Apisarnthanarax, S; Saini, J; Wong, T

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Radiotherapy for hepatocellular carcinoma patients is conventionally planned without consideration of spatial heterogeneity in hepatic function, which may increase risk of radiation-induced liver disease. Pencil beam scanning (PBS) proton radiotherapy (pRT) plans were generated to differentially decrease dose to functional liver volumes (FLV) defined on [{sup 99m}Tc]sulfur colloid (SC) SPECT/CT images (functional avoidance plans) and compared against conventional pRT plans. Methods: Three HCC patients underwent SC SPECT/CT scans for pRT planning acquired 15 min post injection over 24 min. Images were reconstructed with OSEM following scatter, collimator, and exhale CT attenuation correction. Functional liver volumes (FLV) were defined by liver:spleen uptake ratio thresholds (43% to 90% maximum). Planning objectives to FLV were based on mean SC SPECT uptake ratio relative to GTV-subtracted liver and inversely scaled to mean liver dose of 20 Gy. PTV target coverage (V{sub 95}) was matched between conventional and functional avoidance plans. PBS pRT plans were optimized in RayStation for single field uniform dose (SFUD) and systematically perturbed to verify robustness to uncertainty in range, setup, and motion. Relative differences in FLV DVH and target dose heterogeneity (D{sub 2}-D{sub 98})/D50 were assessed. Results: For similar liver dose between functional avoidance and conventional PBS pRT plans (D{sub mean}?5% difference, V{sub 18Gy}?1% difference), dose to functional liver volumes were lower in avoidance plans but varied in magnitude across patients (FLV{sub 70%max} D{sub mean}?26% difference, V{sub 18Gy}?8% difference). Higher PTV dose heterogeneity in avoidance plans was associated with lower functional liver dose, particularly for the largest lesion [(D{sub 2}-D{sub 98})/D{sub 50}=13%, FLV{sub 90%max}=50% difference]. Conclusion: Differential avoidance of functional liver regions defined on sulfur colloid SPECT/CT is feasible with proton therapy. The magnitude of benefit appears to be patient specific and dependent on tumor location, size, and proximity to functional volumes. Further investigation in a larger cohort of patients may validate the clinical utility of functional avoidance planning of HCC radiotherapy.

  19. Fermilab | TUFTE Exhibit | April 12-June 26, 2014 | Artwork

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or email georgia@fnal.gov for more information. All images courtesy Edward Tufte. thumb Hi-res Med-res thumb Hi-res Med-res thumb Hi-res Med-res thumb Hi-res Med-res thumb Hi-res...

  20. Solar Technology Validation Project - RES Americas: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-09-367-11

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilcox, S.

    2013-08-01

    Under this Agreement, NREL will work with Participant to improve concentrating solar power system performance characterizations. This work includes, but is not limited to, research and development of methods for acquiring renewable resource characterization information using site-specific measurements of solar radiation and meteorological conditions; collecting system performance data; and developing tools for improving the design, installation, operation, and maintenance of solar energy conversion systems. This work will be conducted at NREL and Participant facilities.

  1. EA-1472: Commercial Demonstration fo the Low Nox Burner/Separated Over-Fire Air (LNB/SOFA) Integration System Emission Reduction Technology, Holcolm Station, Sunflower Electric Power Corporation Finnety County, Kansas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The DOE has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA), to analyze the potential impacts of the commercial application of the Low-NOx Burner/Separated Over-Fire Air (LNB/SOFA) integration system to achieve nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions reduction at Sunflower’s Holcomb Unit No. 1 (Holcomb Station), located near Garden City, in Finney County, Kansas. The Holcomb Station would be modified in three distinct phases to demonstrate the synergistic effect of layering NOx control technologies.

  2. West Coast (PADD 5) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual F.O., 0.31 to 1% Sulfur Residual F.O., Greater than 1% Sulfur Naphtha for Petrochem. Feed. Use Other Oils for Petrochem. Feed.

  3. Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Conventional Gasoline Blend. Comp. Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel (Renewable) Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual F.O., 0.31 to 1% Sulfur Residual F.O., Greater than 1% Sulfur Naphtha

  4. Advanced, Energy-Efficient Hybrid Membrane System for Industrial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of waste heat Synergistic coupling of FO (forward osmosis) and MD (membrane distillation) FO (osmotically driven process): Pretreatment for MD MD (thermally driven ...

  5. Rocky Mountain Research Station and LANL build

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Conventional Gasoline Blend. Comp. Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel (Renewable) Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual F.O., 0.31 to 1% Sulfur Residual F.O., Greater than 1% Sulfur Naphtha

  6. LARGE-AREA EPITAXIAL GRAPHENE LAYER

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Real-time Observation of Formation Processes using LEEM (low energy electron microscopy) * ... carbon adatom concentration via LEEM intensity r 1 03 "o c tu tu o> CD E 340- 320- ...

  7. TU-F-BRE-07: In Vivo Neutron Detection in Patients Undergoing Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy (SABR) for Primary Kidney Cancer Using 6Li and 7Li Enriched TLD Pairs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lonski, P; Kron, T; Franich, R; Keehan, S; Siva, S; Taylor, M

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) for primary kidney cancer often involves the use of high-energy photons combined with a large number of monitor units. While important for risk assessment, the additional neutron dose to untargeted healthy tissue is not accounted for in treatment planning. This work aims to detect out-of-field neutrons in vivo for patients undergoing SABR with high-energy (>10 MV) photons and provides preliminary estimates of neutron effective dose. Methods: 3 variations of high-sensitivity LiF:Mg,Cu,P thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD) material, each with varying {sup 6}Li / {sup 7}Li concentrations, were used in custom-made Perspex holders for in vivo measurements. The variation in cross section for thermal neutrons between Li isotopes was exploited to distinguish neutron from photon signal. Measurements were made out-of-field for 7 patients, each undergoing 3D-conformal SABR treatment for primary kidney cancer on a Varian 21iX linear accelerator. Results: In vivo measurements show increased signal for the {sup 6}Li enriched material for patients treated with 18 MV photons. Measurements on one SABR patient treated using only 6 MV showed no difference between the 3 TLD materials. The out-of-field photon signal decreased exponentially with distance from the treatment field. The neutron signal, taken as the difference between {sup 6}Li enriched and {sup 7}Li enriched TLD response, remains almost constant up to 50 cm from the beam central axis. Estimates of neutron effective dose from preliminary TLD calibration suggest between 10 and 30 mSv per 1000 MU delivered at 18 MV for the 7 patients. Conclusion: TLD was proven to be a useful tool for the purpose of in vivo neutron detection at out-of-field locations. Further work is required to understand the relationship between TL signal and neutron dose. Dose estimates based on preliminary TLD calibration in a neutron beam suggest the additional neutron dose was <30 mSv per 1000 MU at 18 MV.

  8. Fermilab | About Fermilab | Photo and Video Gallery

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    Follow us on Facebook and Twitter for updates. Photos Videos thumb Med-Res Hi-Res Wilson ... Med-Res Hi-Res An aerial photo of Wilson Hall, Ramsey Auditorium and the Booster, one of ...

  9. Fermilab | Photowalk | 2015 Photowalk: Winning Images

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    here. Top Three Photos thumb First place photo by Mike Baker, Bolingbrook, IL Hi-res Med-res thumb Second place photo by Mike Baker, Bolingbrook, IL Hi-res Med-res thumb...

  10. Fermilab | Photowalk | 2012 Winning Images

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    information. Top Five Photos thumb First place photo by Stan Kirschner, Mundelein, IL Hi-res Med-res thumb Second place photo by Brian Schultz, Naperville, IL Hi-res Med-res...

  11. Midwest (PADD 2) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel (Renewable) Other Renewable Diesel Other Renewable Fuels Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual F.O., 0.31 to 1% Sulfur

  12. Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    MTBE (Oxygenate) Other Oxygenates Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel (Renewable) Other Renewable Diesel Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual F.O., 0.31

  13. Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    MTBE (Oxygenate) Other Oxygenates Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel (Renewable) Other Renewable Diesel Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual F.O., 0.31

  14. Midwest (PADD 2) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel (Renewable) Other Renewable Diesel Other Renewable Fuels Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual F.O., 0.31 to 1% Sulfur

  15. Gulf Stream Locale P. Michael and M. L. Daum Brookhaven National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MTBE (Oxygenate) Other Oxygenates Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel (Renewable) Other Renewable Diesel Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual F.O., 0.31

  16. West Virginia Native Selected to Present at the Council for Chemical Research Me

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    Reformulated Gasoline Blend. Comp. Conventional Gasoline Blend. Comp. MTBE (Oxygenate) Other Oxygenates Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel (Renewable) Other Renewable Diesel Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas

  17. West Coast (PADD 5) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Reformulated Gasoline Blend. Comp. Conventional Gasoline Blend. Comp. MTBE (Oxygenate) Other Oxygenates Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel (Renewable) Other Renewable Diesel Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas

  18. East Coast (PADD 1) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    MTBE (Oxygenate) Other Oxygenates Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel (Renewable) Other Renewable Diesel Other Renewable Fuels Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Less than 0.31%

  19. East Coast (PADD 1) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    MTBE (Oxygenate) Other Oxygenates Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel (Renewable) Other Renewable Diesel Other Renewable Fuels Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 501 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Kerosene Finished Aviation Gasoline Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Less than 0.31%

  20. Reliable estimation of biochemical parameters from C3 leafphotosynthe...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    G. 2 ; Tu, Kevin 3 ; Law, Beverly E. 4 + Show ... OSTI Identifier: 1001307 DOE Contract Number: ... Email address: Content: Close Send Cite: MLA Format Close ...

  1. Performance Analysis with Vampir

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    (frank.winkler@tu-dresden.de) Performance Analysis with Vampir Disclaimer Performance tools will not automatically make you code run faster. They help you understand, what your...

  2. SOWFA Super-Controller: A High Fidelity Tool for Evaluating Wind...

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    Energy Laboratory P. Gebraad and J. van Wingerden TU Delft To be presented at EWEA 2013 Vienna, Austria ... Next, a scenario was developed to simulate two turbines ...

  3. LSU EFRC - Center for Atomic Level Catalyst Design - Project

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    Y. Losovyji (beamline specialist), A. Roy (X-ray absorption measurements), Jeff Miller (ANL), M. Koehler (TU-IlmenauGermany). space control Objective: To develop...

  4. MEMORANDUM FOR JAMES A. HUTTON ACTING DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY...

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    July 12, 2011 MEMORANDUM FOR JAMES A. HUTTON ACTING DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR SAFETY AND SECURITY PROGRAM ENVIRONMENTALMANAGEMENT . FROM: INES R. TRIA Y t::U1)...

  5. Comparative Genome Structure, Secondary Metabolite, and Effector...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Manning, Viola A.; Dhillon, Braham; Tu, Zheng Jin; Steffenson, Brian J.; Salamov, Asaf; Sun, Hui; Lowry, Steve; LaButti, Kurt; Han, James; Copeland, Alex; Lindquist, Erika; Barry,...

  6. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Manning, Viola A.; Dhillon, Braham; Tu, Zheng Jin; Steffenson, Brian J.; Salamov, Asaf; Sun, Hui; Lowry, Steve; LaButti, Kurt; Han, James; Copeland, Alex; Lindquist, Erika; Barry,...

  7. Print

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    maneras fciles de usar energa en forma inteligente Apaga las luces. Marca la caja. Apaga tu computadora. Usa bombillas de alta eficiencia energtica. Desenchufa los cargadores...

  8. The Chief Information Officer (CIO) at the U

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... TU5.2.16UT TUPeer-to-Peer Technology GuidanceUT ... TUCyber Security Architecture and TechnologyUT ... extensive assessment of the current situation ...

  9. ARM - Datastreams - fslruc60

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    Atmospheric pressure Tp Atmospheric temperature Tpot Horizontal wind Tu Horizontal wind Tv Atmospheric pressure cp Atmospheric pressure p Horizontal wind u Horizontal wind v...

  10. Ahorra energía y dinero con el viento: 5 pasos antes de invertir...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... local de energa para obtener informacin sobre los incentivos de tu estado o municipio. Buscas ms informacin sobre la eficiencia energtica y la energa renovable? ...

  11. U.S. Residual Fuel Oil Refiner Sales Volumes

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Product: Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Sulfur < 1% Residual F.O., Sulfur > 1% No. 4 Fuel Oil Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes ...

  12. Residual Fuel Oil Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Product: Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Sulfur < 1% Residual F.O., Sulfur > 1% No. 4 Fuel Oil Period-Unit: Monthly - Thousand Gallons per Day Annual - Thousand Gallons per Day ...

  13. BPA-2012-00676-FOIA Request

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    *** FO1.A OFFICE TILTS DATE: DUE DATE: Name: Francisco Carvalho Organization: University Professor Address: Phone: FAX: Email: Description of...

  14. Momentum Savings Market Research & Update New Webpage

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    - CAC Water Evap Cooled - - - - 0.00 0.00 PTACHP 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 Res Dishwasher - - - - - - Res Refrigerators - - - - - - Res Freezers - - - - - 0.61 External Power...

  15. Southwestern Public Service Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    table contains monthly sales and revenue data for Southwestern Public Service Co (New Mexico). Scroll leftright to see all of the table values. Month RES REV (THOUSAND ) RES...

  16. Fermilab | Press Room | Images

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    When using this material please credit Fermilab. Return to Press Release Med Res | Hi Res Scientists from the CDF and DZero collaborations at DOE's Fermilab have combined...

  17. Fermilab | Press Room | Images

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    When using these images, please credit Fermilab. Return to Press Release Med Res | Hi Res According to the Standard Model of particles and forces, the Higgs mechanism gives...

  18. Fermilab | Press Room | Images

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    using these images, please credit them as specified. Return to Press Release Med Res | Hi Res The Standard Model describes the interactions of the fundamental particle of the...

  19. 2014_1121_FY2015_HAB_calendar.indd

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    August 2015 Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 March 2015 Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ...

  20. 2013-2014_HAB_calendar_v2.indd

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    August 2014 Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 March 2014 Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ...

  1. 2012_2013_HAB_Calender_Color&Symbols_FINAL.indd

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    August 2013 Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 March 2013 Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ...

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    August 2016 Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 March 2016 Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ...

  3. 2013-2014_HAB_calendar_v1.indd

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    August 2014 Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 March 2014 Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ...

  4. 2013_0916_FY2014_HAB_calendar.indd

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    August 2014 Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 March 2014 Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ...

  5. TU-F-12A-01: Quantitative Non-Linear Compartment Modeling of 89Zr- and 124I- Labeled J591 Monoclonal Antibody Kinetics Using Serial Non-Invasive Positron Emission Tomography Imaging in a Pre-Clinical Human Prostate Cancer Mouse Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fung, EK; Cheal, SM; Chalasani, S; Fareedy, SB; Punzalan, B; Humm, JL; Osborne, JR; Larson, SM; Zanzonico, PB; Otto, B; Bander, NH

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To examine the binding kinetics of human IgG monoclonal antibody J591 which targets prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) in a pre-clinical mouse cancer model using quantitative PET compartmental analysis of two radiolabeled variants. Methods: PSMA is expressed in normal human prostate, and becomes highly upregulated in prostate cancer, making it a promising therapeutic target. Two forms of J591, radiolabeled with either {sup 89}Zr or {sup 124}I, were prepared. {sup 89}Zr is a radiometal that becomes trapped in the cell upon internalization by the antigen-antibody complex, while radioiodine leaves the cell. Mice with prostate cancer xenografts underwent non-invasive serial imaging on a Focus 120 microPET up to 144 hours post-injection of J591. A non-linear compartmental model describing the binding and internalization of antibody in tumor xenograft was developed and applied to the PET-derived time-activity curves. The antibody-antigen association rate constant (ka), total amount of antigen per gram tumor (Ag-total), internalization rate of antibody-antigen complex, and efflux rate of radioisotope from tumor were fitted using the model. The surface-bound and the internalized activity were also estimated. Results: Values for ka, Ag-total, and internalization rate were found to be similar regardless of radiolabel payload used. The efflux rate, however, was ? 9-fold higher for {sup 124}I-J591 than for {sup 89}Zr-J591. Time-dependent surface-bound and internalized radiotracer activity were similar for both radiolabels at early times post-injection, but clearly differed beyond 24 hours. Conclusion: Binding and internalization of J591 to PSMA-expressing tumor xenografts were similar when radiolabeled with either {sup 89}Zr or {sup 124}I payload. The difference in efflux of radioactivity from tumor may be attributable to differential biological fate intracellularly of the radioisotopes. This has great significance for radioimmunotherapy and antibody-drug conjugates. Further exploration using the model will examine binding and radioisotope residence as antibody dose is increased to antigen saturation. The Center for Targeted Radioimmunotherapy and Theranostics, Ludwig Center for Cancer Immunotherapy, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK), NIH (R25-CA096945). Technical services provided by the MSK Small-Animal Imaging Core Facility were supported by the NIH (R24-CA83084, P30-CA08748, and P50-CA92629; Zanzonico). NCI, Center to Reduce Cancer Health Disparity (R21 CA153177-03; Osborne)

  6. Blender Net Production of Finished Motor Gasoline

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    Product: Total Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated Other Conventional Gasoline Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Greater than Ed55 Conventional Other Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm Sulfur and under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 ppm to 500 ppm Sulfur Distillate F.O.,

  7. Net Imports of Total Crude Oil and Products into the U.S. by Country

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Product: Total Crude Oil and Products Crude Oil Products Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Conventional Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reformulated Gasoline Blend. Comp. Conventional Gasoline Blend. Comp. MTBE (Oxygenate) Other Oxygenates Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel Other Renewable Diesel Other Renewable Fuels Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., 500

  8. EIS-0433-S1: EPA Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    fo the Keystone XL Project Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement. EIS-0433-S1-DSEIS-EPANOA-2013.pdf More Documents & Publications EIS-0451: EPA Notice of Availability...

  9. DE-EE0005449 High-Voltage Solid Polymer ...

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    ... properties: specific capacity, particle size, tap density, surface area o M ix and ... candidates * Initial synthesis, characterization and design iterations fo r polymer ...

  10. EA-1472: Finding of No Significant Impact

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Commercial Demonstration fo the Low Nox Burner/Separated Over-Fire Air (LNB/SOFA) Integration System Emission Reduction Technology, Holcolm Station, Sunflower Electric Power Corporation Finnety...

  11. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

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    Rebate Program offers rebates for the removal of old, less efficient lighting products which are replaced with high efficiency technologies. The program is primarily fo......

  12. Microsoft Word - GRS Review_OMB White Paper - Real Property Right...

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    and Carbon Reduction August 7 2009 2.docx More Documents & Publications Executive Branch Management Scorecard 2013 guidance fo real Property Inventory Reporting Executive ...

  13. Advance Patent Waiver W(A)2012-004

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    This is a request by GENERAL ELECTRIC GLOBAL REARCH for a DOE Advance patent waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights under agreement DE-FO0007514.

  14. Linux Kernel Error Detection and Correction

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2007-04-11

    EDAC-utils consists fo a library and set of utilities for retrieving statistics from the Linux Kernel Error Detection and Correction (EDAC) drivers.

  15. Compartment

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    DTrD .TuE ICITuF DVeD o o NPDES outfalls a Monrtoring Wells * Wastesites a Openwells D TES Plants (2) Ii.V Roads &. Utility ROW ****... Streams '.' TES Plants (1) IIIAreas...

  16. H. B. Fry, Staff Assistant NJ-, i.4 SUBJECT: DISCUSSION CCSJCERMZIQ...

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    CCSJCERMZIQ THE M E W BRUNSWICK UBORAIORY; MONDAY, EOVEKBER 1, '1948 REFER TO SYb5BOLt SA:HBF tu 14-7 2 Those presentr M r. Rodden, Dr. Donovan, Hr. K&lay, Dr. Chadwell, Messrs. ...

  17. Poster

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    HuMiChip: Development of a Functional Gene Array for the Study of Human Microbiomes Qichao Tu 1 , Ye Deng 1 , Lu Lin 12 , Jian Xu 2 , Chris L. Hemme 1 , Zhili He 1 , Jizhong Zhou 1 ...

  18. LSU EFRC - Center for Atomic Level Catalyst Design - Technical...

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    "First principles-guided development of bimetallic nanocatalysts" 1 9:45 am: Ullie Diebold (TU Vienna): "Control of structures on complex catalyst supports" 10:15 am: Break...

  19. StPln-5;.

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    ... sltsafiJ GILiasr and rf@s,et Suttan, Stcrelr, & Stsrrlo, i+., &U.as, yoy ,htireshd i.n this work end was Texas, willfng tu unde ) in a PQU propcrtieo. l&b d-1 fluaridss or ' . ...

  20. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

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    Wang Rui Manning Viola A Dhillon Braham Tu Zheng Jin Steffenson Brian J Salamov Asaf Sun Hui Lowry Steve LaButti Kurt Han James Copeland Alex Lindquist Erika Barry Kerrie...

  1. Hon Hai Precision Industry Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Co Ltd Place: Tu-Cheng City, Taiwan Zip: 236 Sector: Solar Product: Taiwan-based electronics firm, which is also a manufacturer of solar modules. References: Hon Hai Precision...

  2. geologic-sequestration | netl.doe.gov

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    Geological Sequestration Training and Research Program in Capture and Transport: Development of the Most Economical Separation Method for CO2 Capture Project No.: DE-FE0001953 NETL has partnered with Tuskegee University (TU) to provide fundamental research and hands-on training and networking opportunities to undergraduate students at TU in the area of CO2 capture and transport with a focus on the development of the most economical separation methods for pre-combustion CO2 capture. The bulk of

  3. Plan Your Visit

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    Visit Plan your visit to the museum Experience 40 interactive exhibits revealing nuclear defense history and the research in life sciences, material sciences, space, supercomputing, energy and the environment. August 18, 2014 Visitor in an interactive exhibit Contact Us thumbnail of Tu - Sat: 10 - 5 PM Su & Mon: 1 - 5 PM Bradbury Science Museum Tu - Sat: 10 - 5 PM Su & Mon: 1 - 5 PM Open every day except Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's (505) 667-4444 Email Great museum. Really

  4. The Aerosol Lidar Validation Experiment … ALIVE 1Schmid, B., 2Ferrare, R., 3Turner,D., 4Flynn, C., 5Cairns, B., 6Dominguez, R., 6Gore, W., 7Groff, D., 8Herman, B., 9Hovelman, B., 10Jefferson, A., 6Johnson, R., 5Knobelspiesse, K., 4Mendoza, A., 10Ogren, J., 4Petty, D., ?Russell, E., 6Russell, P., 4Roeder, L., 6Truong, N. 1BAER Institute, 2NASA Langley Res. Center, 3Univ. Of Wisconsin-Madison, 4Pacific Northwest Natl. Lab., 5Columbia Univ., 6NASA Ames Res. Center, 7ARM SGP, 8City Univ. of New York, 9Sky Research, Inc., 10NOAA CMDL

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    Multimedia Gallery Pictures of the Finished OTE Building thumbnail Front view of IARC with Wilson Hall in the Background. Download: Hi-Res | Med-Res thumbnail Front view of IARC ...

  6. 11-1370.pdf

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    W. Most, RES ED R. Salness, RES ED RCRA Chronology ED WIPP Operating Record ED Stakeholder Notification ED -ED denotes electronic distribution CBFO:OESH:SEM:ANC:11-1370:UFC 5486.00...

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    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ACID STORAGE (5 OIL STORAGE 16 PAINT 8 CHEMICAL STORAGE I7 MINERALS ENGINEERING 16 ... Koch, R.K., Res Chemist Landsberg, A., Chemical Eng Lincoln, R.L., Res Physicist Maier, ...

  8. El Paso Electric Co (New Mexico) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for El Paso Electric Co (New Mexico). Scroll leftright to see all of the table values. Month RES REV (THOUSAND ) RES...

  9. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | August 7, 2015: NOvA Images

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    Fermilab Med Res | Hi Res A view across the top of the NOvA far detector in Ash River, Minnesota. Electronics that make up part of the data acquisition system are...

  10. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | March 2013: NOvA Photos

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    NOvA collaboration. Med Res | Hi Res The NOvA detector, currently under construction in Ash River, Minn., stands about 50 feet tall and 50 feet wide. The completed detector will...

  11. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | February 2014: NOvA Images

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    NOvA collaboration Med Res | Hi Res The NOvA detector, currently under construction in Ash River, Minn., stands about 50 feet tall and 50 feet wide. The completed detector will...

  12. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | October 6, 2014: NOvA...

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    courtesy of Fermilab Med Res | Hi Res A view across the top of the NOvA far detector in Ash River, Minnesota. Electronics that make up part of the data acquisition system are...

  13. AEF Logos | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Usage (CMYK): .PDF .pdf file (1.2MB) | .EPS .eps file (734KB) | .TIF .tif file (4.1MB) Web, Video, and Presentation Usage (RGB): Low-res .JPG .jpg file (20KB) | High-res .JPG...

  14. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | August 18, 2014: Dark...

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    Fermilab Photos photo Download image: Med Res | Hi Res This image of the NGC 1398 galaxy was taken with the Dark Energy Camera. This galaxy lives in the Fornax cluster,...

  15. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | September 27, 2012: QuarkNet...

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    RELEASE QuarkNet program receives 6.1 million NSF award to advance science education Hi-res | Med-res Steven Grosland, physics teacher at Glenbrook South High School in...

  16. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | August 26, 2014: Do we...

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    jpeg images. When using these images, please credit each photo as indicated. Med Res | Hi Res A Fermilab scientist works on the laser beams at the heart of the Holometer...

  17. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | [TITLE

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    to Press Release PDF Click to read answers to FAQ about the Higgs boson. Med Res | Hi Res | EPS After more than 10 years of gathering and analyzing data produced by the U.S....

  18. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | October 20, 2014: New...

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    extension for faster data exchange between United States and Europe photo Med res | Hi res Scientists across the United States will soon have access to new, ultra-high-speed...

  19. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | June 24, 2014: MicroBooNE...

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    jpeg images. When using these images, please credit each photo as indicated. Med Res | Hi Res The 30-ton MicroBooNE neutrino detector was transported across the Fermilab site on...

  20. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | April 22, 2015: Icarus...

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    JPG images. When using these images, please credit each photo as indicated. Med Res | Hi Res A view of the top of the ICARUS detector in place at INFN's Gran Sasso National...

  1. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | March 7, 2012: Tevatron...

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    a Higgs boson between 147 and 179 GeVc2 at the 95-percent confidence level. Med Res | Hi Res Blocked from view until 3 a.m. CST. See here: http:tevnphwg.fnal.govresults...

  2. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | July 30, 2014: Giant electromag...

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    jpeg images. When using these images, please credit each photo as indicated. Med Res | Hi Res The 50-foot-wide Muon g-2 electromagnet at rest inside the Fermilab building that...

  3. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | August 2, 2012: Pier Oddone...

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    the U.S. Department of Energy. Pier Oddone to Step Down as Fermilab Director Pier Oddone Hi-res | Med-res The Fermi Research Alliance (FRA) Board of Directors, which manages and...

  4. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | February 2014: Scientists...

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    jpeg images. When using these images, please credit each photo as indicated. Med Res | Hi Res Matteo Cremonesi, left, of the University of Oxford and the CDF collaboration, and...

  5. Meeting and Presentation Materials

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    A 2. A 3. Su 4. Su 5. N 6. Fo 7. Fo 8. Fo 9. Fo 10. Tr 11. D 12. EM 13. In 14. St 15. Fo 16. M 17. R 18. FY 19. EM 20. St 21. M 22. M 23. M 24. Su 25. S- 26. EM U 27. Su Q 28. P Q 29. O A 30. 20 genda nnouncemen ummary of EM ummary of EM QA-1 Accred ocus Area #1 ocus Area #2 ocus Area #3 ocus Area #4 raining Acade iscussion on M Corporate nternational S tandard QA C ocus Area #4 Meeting Minu oadmap - EM Y 2011 Annua M QA Corpor tandard Revie Memo Allowin Memo Allowin Memo Providi upplemental -1

  6. Vegetation

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    /::vI Streams ~Rails 'R Utility ROW Roads oTES Plants (2) [2] Other Set-Asides D Three Rivers Landfill D Hydric Soils 380 Soils Soil Series and Phase DBaB DBaC .Pk _TrB _TuE _TuF _VaC o 380 760 1140 Meters N A sc Figure 6-1. Plant cOllllllunities and soils associated with the Beech-Hardwood Forest Set-Aside Area. 6-5 Set-Aside 6: Beech-Hardwood Forest

  7. Microsoft Word - WIPP9000.docx

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    88221 Fo WIPP r October 7 (WIPP) rec arking an cold war. nt mileston RU waste PP team ha ctive of the pment, wh PP at abou aste Treatm half of the IPP has re RU waste s Environm...

  8. BPA-2013-01309-FOIA Request

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    records request FOIA request from Ted Sickinger. Doug Johnson Bonneville Power Administration 503-230-5840 Rt'(..'EIVEA) BY BPA FO 1A OFFICE TiltS I DUE DATE: LOG From:...

  9. BPA-2014-01336-FOIA Request

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    email box. I believe that they are asking for a FO request. Please respond. ? - ci LOG U Marty Gault, CPSM, CPPO, C.P.M. From: Tony Seminary mailto:tony@itmotives.com...

  10. CENSUS","FIPST","OWNER","PMOVER","FUELTYP","COCODE","PLTCODE...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... GAS & ELECTRIC CO","HAMILTON BR",5400,,52224,0,0,1285,,,86,2601400,0,...14,1,05336,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,2,2,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",128000,"LIGHT ...

  11. 63,01,1,1,,10,1,"ALABAMA POWER CO","BANKHEAD DM",0,,50022,0,0...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... GAS & ELECTRIC CO","HAMILTON BR",0,,52224,0,0,1287,,,88,953200,0,0,11...14,1,05336,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,2,2,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"LIGHT ...

  12. CENSUS","FIPST","OWNER","PMOVER","FUELTYP","COCODE","PLTCODE...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... GAS & ELECTRIC CO","HAMILTON BR",5390,,14328,0,0,1283,,,84,3696700,0,...14,1,50806,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,2,2,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",127991,"LIGHT ...

  13. 63,01,1,1,,10,1,"ALABAMA POWER CO","BANKHEAD DM",0,,19500,1293...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... GAS & ELECTRIC CO","HAMILTON BR",0,,1432800,1293,,,94,1962,0,0,1168,0...14,1,50806,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,2,6,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"BIT ...

  14. CENSUS","FIPST","OWNER","PMOVER","FUELTYP","COCODE","PLTCODE...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... GAS & ELECTRIC CO","HAMILTON BR",0,,52224,0,0,1286,,,87,1321000,0,0,1...14,1,05336,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,2,2,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"LIGHT ...

  15. 63,01,1,1,,10,1,"ALABAMA POWER CO","BANKHEAD DM",0,,50022,0,0...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... GAS & ELECTRIC CO","HAMILTON BR",0,,52224,0,0,1288,,,89,633000,0,0,58...14,1,05336,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,2,2,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"LIGHT ...

  16. 63,01,1,1,,10,1,"ALABAMA POWER CO","BANKHEAD DM",0,,50022,0,0...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... GAS & ELECTRIC CO","HAMILTON BR",0,,52224,0,0,1289,,,90,1884,0,0,791,...14,1,05336,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,2,2,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"LIGHT ...

  17. CENSUS","FIPST","OWNER","PMOVER","FUELTYP","COCODE","PLTCODE...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... GAS & ELECTRIC CO","HAMILTON BR",5390,,52224,0,0,1284,,,85,1431000,0,...14,1,05336,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,2,2,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",127991,"LIGHT ...

  18. BPA-2014-00967-FOIA Response

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    Way, Suite 4El Nashua, NH 03060 Dear Mr. Popik: Department of Energy Bonneville Power Administration P.O. Box 3621 Portland, Oregon 97208-3621 FREEDOM OF IN FO RMATION...

  19. Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

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    Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel (Renewable) Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate ... Jet Fuel Special Naphthas Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Less than 0.31% Sulfur ...

  20. Interconnection Standards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Utah’s interconnection rules are based on the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission’s (FERC) interconnection standards for small generators, adopted in May 2005 by FERC Order 2006. Utah's rules fo...

  1. Faroe Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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    Country Profile Name Faroe Islands Population 48,351 GDP 2,450,000,000 Energy Consumption 0.01 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code FO 3-letter ISO code FRO Numeric ISO...

  2. EA-1472: Final Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Commercial Demonstration fo the Low Nox Burner/Separated Over-Fire Air (LNB/SOFA) Integration System Emission Reduction Technology, Holcolm Station, Sunflower Electric Power Corporation, Finnety County, Kansas

  3. I

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    9 that the mc'nining of the thorium retal which had been extruded at the Revere Copper and Brass Corr.zany. is nox nearing completion at the American Flachine and Fo:cry, . ...

  4. R R

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... for uranium, secondary, and case fabrication are not proposed to change under ... an ns sf fo or rm ma at ti io on n 4.0 COMPARISON OF COMPLEX 2030 PLAN WITH SECTION 3111 ...

  5. Wabash Valley Power Association (28 Member Cooperatives)- Residential Energy Efficiency Program

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    WVPA also has programs in place to help customers pursue Touchstone Energy Homes, help manage peak loads, and to provide home energy assessments. Contact WVPA or visit the website listed above fo...

  6. BPA-2013-01066-FOIA Request

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    Aaron Silberstein Sent: Monday, May 13, 2013 8:23 AM To: Winn,Kim S (BPA) - NN-1 RECEIVED BY BPA Subject: FOIA request FO 1A OFFICE THIS DATE: 1 5110 1115 DUE DATE: Request for...

  7. From: Hooppell, Stuart

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    BY BPA FO 1A OFFICE THIS DATE: ?t'1 DUE DATE, Many thanks tor your time and consideration LOG ItW N '1 Best wishes Stuart Hooppell (University of Exeter Undergraduate Student)...

  8. A=15N (1981AJ01)

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    Levels (in PDF or PS) here. Shell model: (1976LI16, 1977EM01, 1977PO16, 1978BO31). Cluster and -particle models: (1977FO1E, 1977SA19, 1978PI1E). Special states: (1976LI16,...

  9. Net-Zero Energy Buildings: A Classification System Based on Renewable Energy Supply Options

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    Net Imports by Country Product: Total Crude Oil and Products Crude Oil Products Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Conventional Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reformulated Gasoline Blend. Comp. Conventional Gasoline Blend. Comp. MTBE (Oxygenate) Other Oxygenates Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel Other Renewable Diesel Other Renewable Fuels Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm

  10. 3 Sila Kiliccote.pdf

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Resources Sold Back to Grid Storage Solar Technology and Market Influences in the US NIST NAESB FERC NERC PUC ISORTO Utilities * Generator * Trading Co. * RES * CSP * Customer ...

  11. NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form

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    6622 RTI International Res Triangle Park, NC (1) Tampa Electric Company, Polk Power Station, Polk County, FL (approximately 40 miles southeast of Tampa and approximately 60 miles...

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    Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Cielo Wind Power Developer Cielo Wind Power- RES Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Curry...

  13. Slide 1

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    On the relationship among cloud turbulence, droplet formation and drizzle as viewed by Doppler radar, microwave radiometer and lidar. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 22195-22203 Golaz,...

  14. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Geothermal Direct-Use Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Renewable Energy Standard Utilities subject to the RES must obtain renewable energy credits...

  15. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

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    Hydroelectric (Small) Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Renewable Energy Standard Utilities subject to the RES must obtain renewable energy credits...

  16. boehmer | The Ames Laboratory

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    boehmer Ames Laboratory Profile Anna Boehmer Postdoc Res Associate Division of Materials Science & Engineering A15 Zaffarano Phone Number: 515-294-3246 Email Address: boehmer

  17. carraher | The Ames Laboratory

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    carraher Ames Laboratory Profile Jack Carraher Postdoc Res Associate Chemical & Biological Sciences 2118 BRL Phone Number: 515-294-5826 Email Address: carraher@iastate.edu

  18. Resource Energy Systems LLC | Open Energy Information

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    provides property owners with turn-key solar energy services. RES completes all phases of solar design, installation, and completion. References: Resource Energy Systems, LLC1...

  19. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

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    A Data Correction Algorithm for Improved Measurement of Surface Insolation, by Bush, Valero, Simpson, and Bignone, J. Atmos. Res. and Ocean. Tech., Vol. 17, No. 2, pp....

  20. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Utilities subject to the RES must obtain renewable energy credits (RECs**) from eligible renewable resources to meet 15% of their retail electric load by 2025 and thereafter. Of...

  1. OpenEI - Organizations - OpenEI Datasets

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    (SOX), particulate matter smaller than 2.5m and smaller than... CSV Indonesia Crude Oil Refinery Outlook to 2020 Market Research Background & Res... Description Indonesia...

  2. Rural Development: Rural Energy for America Program

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    ... located in the 100 year flood plain (without a mitigation plan); * RES or EEI for MarijuanaIndustrial Hemp based business; 14 Project eligibility...Project Costs Eligible ...

  3. ppezzini | The Ames Laboratory

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    ppezzini Ames Laboratory Profile Paolo Pezzini Postdoc Res Associate Simulation, Modeling, & Decision Science Off Campus Phone Number: 515-294-3891 Email Address: ppezzini...

  4. ATLAS_Strategic_Plan_14_August _9

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    Range Plan (science.energy.govmedianpnsacpdfdocsNuclearScienceHighRes.pdf), the 2013 report to NSAC on Implementing the 2007 Long Range Plan (science.energy.govmedia...

  5. Research Highlight

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    small ice crystals to cirrus properties: Observations from the Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE). Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L13803, doi:10.1029...

  6. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Renewable Energy Standard Utilities subject to the RES must obtain renewable energy credits (RECs**) from eligible renewable resources to meet 15% of their retail electric load by...

  7. RAPID/Roadmap/7-CA-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and other non-thermal plants are under local city or county jurisdiction. Concentrated solar power plants are considered thermal and are under CEC jurisdiction. Cal. Pub. Res....

  8. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

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    Direct-Use Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Renewable Energy Standard Utilities subject to the RES must obtain renewable energy credits (RECs**)...

  9. Auroral x ray images (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect

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    Publication Date: 1981-08-01 OSTI Identifier: 5801875 Resource Type: Journal Article Resource Relation: Journal Name: J. Geophys. Res.; (United States); Journal Volume: 86:A8 ...

  10. Portland, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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    RES North America LLC REpower Systems SeQuential Biofuels LLC Shorepower Technologies Sky Power LLC Solaicx (Oregon) Solar Nation Inc Stoel Rives, LLP The Green Building...

  11. Clackamas County, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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    RES North America LLC REpower Systems SeQuential Biofuels LLC Shorepower Technologies Sky Power LLC Solaicx (Oregon) Solar Nation Inc Stoel Rives, LLP The Green Building...

  12. Multnomah County, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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    RES North America LLC REpower Systems SeQuential Biofuels LLC Shorepower Technologies Sky Power LLC Solaicx (Oregon) Solar Nation Inc Stoel Rives, LLP The Green Building...

  13. Search for: All records | DOE PAGES

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    ... Computational Design of Axion Insulators Based on 5 d Spinel Compounds Wan, Xiangang ; ... Integrated digital inverters based on two-dimensional anisotropic ReS field-effect ...

  14. mbonilla | The Ames Laboratory

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    mbonilla Ames Laboratory Profile Claudia Bonilla escobar Postdoc Res Associate Division of Materials Science & Engineering 252 Spedding Phone Number: 515-294-2041 Email Address: mbonilla

  15. ndesilva | The Ames Laboratory

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    ndesilva Ames Laboratory Profile Nuwan De silva Postdoc Res Associate Critical Materials Institute Chemical & Biological Sciences 236 Wilhelm Phone Number: 515-294-7568 Email Address: ndesilva

  16. valery | The Ames Laboratory

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    valery Ames Laboratory Profile Valery Borovikov Postdoc Res Associate Division of Materials Science & Engineering 205 Metals Development Phone Number: 515-294-4312 Email Address: valery

  17. Reservation Economic Summit: Nevada | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    over the phases of the project. Download the RES 2012 presentation. Addthis Related Articles Reservation Economic Summit: Nevada Indian Energy & Energy Infrastructure to be...

  18. First experience of vectorizing electromagnetic physics models...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sao Paulo State U. CERN Catania Astrophys. Observ. Mackenzie Presbiteriana U. Fermilab U. Copenhagen (main) Intel, Santa Clara Bhabha Atomic Res. Ctr. Publication Date: 2015-12-23 ...

  19. Texas's 10th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    formerly JD Consulting L P RRI Energy Inc formerly known as Reliant Energy Inc Red River Biodiesel Ltd Reliant Energy Renewable Energy Systems Inc (RES Americas) (Texas) Renewable...

  20. 1

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    ... using the Spherical Harmonics Discrete Ordinates Method (SHDOM) model (Evans 1998). ... Res., 103 31,681-31,693. Evans, K. F., 1998: The spherical harmonics discrete ordinate ...

  1. Colorado's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc (RES Americas) (Colorado) Renewble Choice Energy Rocky Mountain Sustainable Enterprises LLC Serious Materials (Colorado) Sinton Consulting Inc SkyFuel SkyFuel Inc...

  2. DOE/SC0006035-1

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    ... Salcedo, D., Molina, L. T., Worsnop, D. R. and Molina, M. J.: Secondary organic aerosol formation from anthropogenic air pollution: Rapid and higher than expected, Geophys. Res. ...

  3. Microsoft Word - EU-US Smart Grid assessment - final report ...

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    ... generators, Electric Vehicles, Smart Homes etc.) and provides reliable and sustainable electricity services (demand response, VPP, dispatching, integration of RES etc.). ...

  4. Summary - WTP HLW Waste Vitrification Facility

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ( adequacy (W processing H corrosion res stainless ste Testing activ contacted wi halogens), s Testing the p blending liqu requirements established. maturity of certain key...

  5. Enncloc&et

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    .T I. 0 ,; ..i ,I.. ' (,' . . .._ . . . . . . . . . Enncloc&et tm w&r Farm (ln quild.) Res. Ser. Br. 'Feed Idtrls. Fin&" Beenrkm

  6. Molecular Dynameomics

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    Dynameomics Molecular Dynameomics DaggettHiResWhitebg.png Key Challenges: Perform molecular dynamics simulations to characterize both native (i.e. biologically active) and...

  7. Renewable Energy Systems Americas | Open Energy Information

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    Americas Jump to: navigation, search Name: Renewable Energy Systems Americas Place: Broomfield, CO Website: www.res-americas.com References: Renewable Energy Systems Americas1...

  8. Jawaharlal Nehru

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    L'orateur S.E. Giusti del Giardino a connu Nehru (ennemi des castes) les dernières années de sa vie

  9. CX-002175: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U tu Utu Gwaitu Paiute Tribe Energy and Conservation Strategy and Implementation PlanCX(s) Applied: B2.5, A9, A11, B5.1Date: 04/28/2010Location(s): CaliforniaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

  10. Analysis of Strand-Specific RNA-Seq Data Using Machine Learning Reveals the Structures of Transcription Units in Clostridium thermocellum

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chou, Wen-Chi; Ma, Qin; Yang, Shihui; Cao, Sha; Klingeman, Dawn M.; Brown, Steven D.; Xu, Ying

    2015-03-12

    The identification of transcription units (TUs) encoded in a bacterial genome is essential to elucidation of transcriptional regulation of the organism. To gain a detailed understanding of the dynamically composed TU structures, we have used four strand-specific RNA-seq (ssRNA-seq) datasets collected under two experimental conditions to derive the genomic TU organization of Clostridium thermocellum using a machine-learning approach. Our method accurately predicted the genomic boundaries of individual TUs based on two sets of parameters measuring the RNA-seq expression patterns across the genome: expression-level continuity and variance. A total of 2590 distinct TUs are predicted based on the four RNA-seq datasets.more » Moreover, among the predicted TUs, 44% have multiple genes. We assessed our prediction method on an independent set of RNA-seq data with longer reads. The evaluation confirmed the high quality of the predicted TUs. Functional enrichment analyses on a selected subset of the predicted TUs revealed interesting biology. To demonstrate the generality of the prediction method, we have also applied the method to RNA-seq data collected on Escherichia coli and achieved high prediction accuracies. The TU prediction program named SeqTU is publicly available athttps://code.google.com/p/seqtu/. We expect that the predicted TUs can serve as the baseline information for studying transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation in C. thermocellum and other bacteria.« less

  11. Meters Roads N Streams

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0 Meters Roads N Streams o Openwells E3i APT Site *. TES Plants (1) E2J Other Set-Asides lEI Hydric Soils . 370 o 370 Soils Soil Series and Phase DBaB DBaC .Pk .TrB DTrC DTrD .TuE...

  12. Events | NEES - EFRC | University of Maryland Energy Frontier...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Event Calendar Calendar Home Previous Month Next Month May 2016 SU M TU W TH F SA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 w 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 w 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 w 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 w 29 30 31 ...

  13. Events Calendar | ANSER Center | Argonne-Northwestern National...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Events Calendar Home > News & Events > Events Calendar MAY 2016 Su M Tu W Th F Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Calendar ...

  14. The National Energy Policy Institute (NEPI) at The University of Tulsa (FINAL REPORT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blais, Roger

    2013-10-31

    NEPI, a non-profit organization located at The University of Tulsa (TU), was established to develop and disseminate national energy policy recommendations. Research under this grant covered a wide variety of projects, including research into the future of nuclear power, oil market pricing, and the feasibility of biofuels.

  15. Analysis of Strand-Specific RNA-Seq Data Using Machine Learning Reveals the Structures of Transcription Units in Clostridium thermocellum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chou, Wen-Chi; Ma, Qin; Yang, Shihui; Cao, Sha; Klingeman, Dawn M.; Brown, Steven D.; Xu, Ying

    2015-03-12

    The identification of transcription units (TUs) encoded in a bacterial genome is essential to elucidation of transcriptional regulation of the organism. To gain a detailed understanding of the dynamically composed TU structures, we have used four strand-specific RNA-seq (ssRNA-seq) datasets collected under two experimental conditions to derive the genomic TU organization of Clostridium thermocellum using a machine-learning approach. Our method accurately predicted the genomic boundaries of individual TUs based on two sets of parameters measuring the RNA-seq expression patterns across the genome: expression-level continuity and variance. A total of 2590 distinct TUs are predicted based on the four RNA-seq datasets. Moreover, among the predicted TUs, 44% have multiple genes. We assessed our prediction method on an independent set of RNA-seq data with longer reads. The evaluation confirmed the high quality of the predicted TUs. Functional enrichment analyses on a selected subset of the predicted TUs revealed interesting biology. To demonstrate the generality of the prediction method, we have also applied the method to RNA-seq data collected on Escherichia coli and achieved high prediction accuracies. The TU prediction program named SeqTU is publicly available athttps://code.google.com/p/seqtu/. We expect that the predicted TUs can serve as the baseline information for studying transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation in C. thermocellum and other bacteria.

  16. A=10n (1979AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    79AJ01) (Not illustrated) 10n has not been observed in the interaction of 0.7 and 400 GeV protons with uranium: the cross section is < 0.7 10-5 b (1977TU02) at 0.7 GeV and <...

  17. A=10n (1984AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4AJ01) (Not illustrated) 10n has not been observed in the interaction of 0.7 and 400 GeV protons with uranium: the cross section is < 0.7 10-5 mb (1977TU02) at 0.7 GeV and < 0.5...

  18. A=12n (1980AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0AJ01) (Not illustrated) 12n has not been observed in the interaction of 0.7 and 400 GeV protons with uranium: the cross section is < 1.0 10-5 b (1977TU02) and 0.7 GeV and <...

  19. A=6n (1984AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6n (1984AJ01) (Not illustrated) 6n has not been observed in the interaction of 700 MeV protons or of 400 GeV protons with uranium: the cross section is < 1.1 10-3 b (1977TU02;...

  20. A=8n (1979AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    79AJ01) (Not illustrated) 8n has not been observed in the interaction of 0.7 and 400 GeV protons with uranium: the cross section is < 2.3 10-5 b (1977TU02) at 0.7 GeV and <...

  1. A=8n (1984AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4AJ01) (Not illustrated) 8n has not been observed in the interaction of 700 MeV or of 400 GeV protons with uranium: the cross section is < 2.3 10-5 b (1977TU02; 700 MeV), <...

  2. A=6n (1979AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    79AJ01) (Not illustrated) 6n has not been observed in the interaction of 700 MeV protons or of 400 GeV protons with uranium: the cross section is < 1.1 10-3 b (1977TU02; 700...

  3. Impacts of a 25% Renewable Electricity Standard as Proposed in the American Clean Energy and Security Act Discussion Draft

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2009-01-01

    This report responds to requests from Chairman Edward Markey, for an analysis of a 25% federal renewable electricity standard (RES). The RES proposal analyzed in this report is included in the discussion draft of broader legislation, the American Clean Energy and Security Act (ACESA) of 2009, issued on the Energy and Commerce Committee website at the end of March 2009.

  4. Renewable Energy Standard

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    NOTE: In December 2014, the PUC  (Docket No. 4404) decided to delay the 1.5% increase in RES for 2015 by one year, thus reducing the RES 2019 goal from 16% to 14.5%. 

  5. Water treatment capacity of forward osmosis systems utilizing power plant waste heat

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhou, Xingshi; Gingerich, Daniel B.; Mauter, Meagan S.

    2015-06-11

    Forward osmosis (FO) has the potential to improve the energy efficiency of membrane-based water treatment by leveraging waste heat from steam electric power generation as the primary driving force for separation. In this study, we develop a comprehensive FO process model, consisting of membrane separation, heat recovery, and draw solute regeneration (DSR) models. We quantitatively characterize three alternative processes for DSR: distillation, steam stripping, and air stripping. We then construct a mathematical model of the distillation process for DSR that incorporates hydrodynamics, mass and heat transport resistances, and reaction kinetics, and we integrate this into a model for the fullmore » FO process. Finally, we utilize this FO process model to derive a first-order approximation of the water production capacity given the rejected heat quantity and quality available at U.S. electric power facilities. We find that the upper bound of FO water treatment capacity using low-grade heat sources at electric power facilities exceeds process water treatment demand for boiler water make-up and flue gas desulfurization wastewater systems.« less

  6. Water treatment capacity of forward osmosis systems utilizing power plant waste heat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Xingshi; Gingerich, Daniel B.; Mauter, Meagan S.

    2015-06-11

    Forward osmosis (FO) has the potential to improve the energy efficiency of membrane-based water treatment by leveraging waste heat from steam electric power generation as the primary driving force for separation. In this study, we develop a comprehensive FO process model, consisting of membrane separation, heat recovery, and draw solute regeneration (DSR) models. We quantitatively characterize three alternative processes for DSR: distillation, steam stripping, and air stripping. We then construct a mathematical model of the distillation process for DSR that incorporates hydrodynamics, mass and heat transport resistances, and reaction kinetics, and we integrate this into a model for the full FO process. Finally, we utilize this FO process model to derive a first-order approximation of the water production capacity given the rejected heat quantity and quality available at U.S. electric power facilities. We find that the upper bound of FO water treatment capacity using low-grade heat sources at electric power facilities exceeds process water treatment demand for boiler water make-up and flue gas desulfurization wastewater systems.

  7. Multi Module Modeling of Ultra-Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Magas, V. K.; Csernai, L. P.; Keranen, A.; Manninen, J.; Strottman, D. D.

    2002-01-01

    Multi Module Model is required for the realistic and detailed description of an ultrarelativistic heavy ion reaction. We are working in the framework of such a model: initial stages are described by Effective String Rope Model with expanding final streaks; hydrodynamical approach is used for the intermediate stages. This paper is mainly devoted to Third Module - the one dealing with Freeze Out (FO). Two possibilities are discussed in details: (A) freeze out at the constant time hypersurface, where the statistical production model is used to describe post FO particle species; and (B) simultaneous hadronization and freeze out from supercooled QGP. For the last case the ALCOR-like algorithm for calculation of the post FO particle species is presented, due to the fact that these do not have time to reach chemical equilibrium.

  8. Stark-tuned Foerster resonance and dipole blockade for two to five cold Rydberg atoms: Monte Carlo simulations for various spatial configurations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryabtsev, I. I.; Tretyakov, D. B.; Beterov, I. I.; Entin, V. M.; Yakshina, E. A.

    2010-11-15

    Results of numerical Monte Carlo simulations for the Stark-tuned Fo{center_dot}{center_dot}rster resonance and dipole blockade between two to five cold rubidium Rydberg atoms in various spatial configurations are presented. The effects of the atoms' spatial uncertainties on the resonance amplitude and spectra are investigated. The feasibility of observing coherent Rabi-like population oscillations at a Fo{center_dot}{center_dot}rster resonance between two cold Rydberg atoms is analyzed. Spectra and the fidelity of the Rydberg dipole blockade are calculated for various experimental conditions, including nonzero detuning from the Fo{center_dot}{center_dot}rster resonance and finite laser linewidth. The results are discussed in the context of quantum-information processing with Rydberg atoms.

  9. CO_CODE","PLT_CODE","YEAR","MONTH","BLANK1","BOM_DIST","ORIG_ST","MINE_TYPE","BL

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0,01,,,,,,07,48,,3,"NG",,4,0,218000,1034,0,0,279.5,,1 050010,3451,90,01,,,,,,07,48,,2,"FO5",,7,9,5000,148000,0.5,0.1,265.6,,1 050010,3452,90,01,,,,,,07,48,,3,"NG",,4,0,1062000,1037,0,0,279.5,,1 050010,3452,90,01,,,,,,07,48,,2,"FO5",,7,9,2900,148000,0.5,0.1,265.6,,1 050010,3453,90,01,,,,,,07,48,,2,"FO5",,7,9,13500,148000,0.5,0.1,265.6,,1 050010,3453,90,01,,,,,,07,48,,3,"NG",,4,0,2469000,1015,0,0,279.5,,1

  10. From data to analysis: linking NWChem and Avogadro with the syntax and semantics of Chemical Markup Language

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Jong, Wibe A.; Walker, Andrew M.; Hanwell, Marcus D.

    2013-05-24

    Background Multidisciplinary integrated research requires the ability to couple the diverse sets of data obtained from a range of complex experiments and computer simulations. Integrating data requires semantically rich information. In this paper the generation of semantically rich data from the NWChem computational chemistry software is discussed within the Chemical Markup Language (CML) framework. Results The NWChem computational chemistry software has been modified and coupled to the FoX library to write CML compliant XML data files. The FoX library was expanded to represent the lexical input files used by the computational chemistry software. Conclusions The production of CML compliant XML files for the computational chemistry software NWChem can be relatively easily accomplished using the FoX library. A unified computational chemistry or CompChem convention and dictionary needs to be developed through a community-based effort. The long-term goal is to enable a researcher to do Google-style chemistry and physics searches.

  11. EVOLUTION OF FLUORINE IN THE GALAXY WITH THE {nu}-PROCESS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kobayashi, Chiaki; Karakas, Amanda I.; Yong, David; Izutani, Natsuko; Yoshida, Takashi; Umeda, Hideyuki

    2011-10-01

    We calculate the evolution of fluorine in the solar neighborhood with the {nu}-process of core-collapse supernovae, the results of which are in good agreement with the observations of field stars. The {nu}-process operating in supernovae causes the [F/O] ratio to plateau at [O/H] {approx}< - 1.2, followed by a rapid increase toward [O/H] {approx} - 0.5 from the contribution of asymptotic giant branch stars. The plateau value of [F/O] depends on the neutrino luminosity released by core-collapse supernovae and may be constrained by using future observations of field stars at low metallicities. For globular clusters, the handful of [F/O] measurements suggest that the relative contribution from low-mass supernovae is smaller in these systems than in the field.

  12. ON THE DISTANCE OF THE MAGELLANIC CLOUDS USING CEPHEID NIR AND OPTICAL-NIR PERIOD-WESENHEIT RELATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Inno, L.; Bono, G.; Buonanno, R.; Genovali, K.; Matsunaga, N.; Caputo, F.; Laney, C. D.; Marconi, M.; Piersimoni, A. M.; Primas, F.; Romaniello, M.

    2013-02-10

    We present the largest near-infrared (NIR) data sets, JHKs, ever collected for classical Cepheids in the Magellanic Clouds (MCs). We selected fundamental (FU) and first overtone (FO) pulsators, and found 4150 (2571 FU, 1579 FO) Cepheids for Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) and 3042 (1840 FU, 1202 FO) for Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). Current sample is 2-3 times larger than any sample used in previous investigations with NIR photometry. We also discuss optical VI photometry from OGLE-III. NIR and optical-NIR Period-Wesenheit (PW) relations are linear over the entire period range (0.0 < log P {sub FU} {<=} 1.65) and their slopes are, within the intrinsic dispersions, common between the MCs. These are consistent with recent results from pulsation models and observations suggesting that the PW relations are minimally affected by the metal content. The new FU and FO PW relations were calibrated using a sample of Galactic Cepheids with distances based on trigonometric parallaxes and Cepheid pulsation models. By using FU Cepheids we found a true distance moduli of 18.45 {+-} 0.02(random) {+-} 0.10(systematic) mag (LMC) and 18.93 {+-} 0.02(random) {+-} 0.10(systematic) mag (SMC). These estimates are the weighted mean over 10 PW relations and the systematic errors account for uncertainties in the zero point and in the reddening law. We found similar distances using FO Cepheids (18.60 {+-} 0.03(random) {+-} 0.10(systematic) mag (LMC) and 19.12 {+-} 0.03(random) {+-} 0.10(systematic) mag (SMC)). These new MC distances lead to the relative distance, {Delta}{mu} = 0.48 {+-} 0.03 mag (FU, log P = 1) and {Delta}{mu} = 0.52 {+-} 0.03 mag (FO, log P = 0.5), which agrees quite well with previous estimates based on robust distance indicators.

  13. FOA for the Demonstration of an Integrated Biorefinery System: Range Fuels,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Inc. | Department of Energy Range Fuels, Inc. FOA for the Demonstration of an Integrated Biorefinery System: Range Fuels, Inc. FOA for the Demonstration of an Integrated Biorefinery System: Range Fuels, Inc. PDF icon Technology Investment Agreement (TIA) Award No. DE-FO36-08GO17027, Part 1 PDF icon Technology Investment Agreement (TIA) Award No. DE-FO36-08GO17027, Part 2 More Documents & Publications FOA for the Demonstration of an Integrated Biorefinery System: POET Project Liberty,

  14. Energy and Water Conservation Assessment of the Radiochemical Processing Laboratory (RPL) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Stephanie R.; Koehler, Theresa M.; Boyd, Brian K.

    2014-05-31

    This report summarizes the results of an energy and water conservation assessment of the Radiochemical Processing Laboratory (RPL) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The assessment was performed in October 2013 by engineers from the PNNL Building Performance Team with the support of the dedicated RPL staff and several Facilities and Operations (F&O) department engineers. The assessment was completed for the Facilities and Operations (F&O) department at PNNL in support of the requirements within Section 432 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007.

  15. 6Li Cross Section

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    p, X) (Current as of 03/01/2016) NSR Reaction Ep (MeV) Cross Section File X4 Dataset Date Added 2004TU02 6Li(p, α): coincidence yields, deduced S-factors low 1, S-factors from direct data, S-factors from indirect data 03/20/2012 2004TU06 6Li(p, α): σ, coincidence yields, deduced S-factors low σ, coincidence yields, S-factors from direct data, S-factors from indirect data 03/20/2012 1966GE11 6Li(p, α): S-factor Ec.m. = 0.01 - 1.00 X4 12/15/2015 2005CR05 6Li(p, α): S-factor 20 - 100 keV X4

  16. Vampir-Mira-2015.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    holger.brunst@tu-dresden.de Vampir Performance Vis MIRA Performance Boot Camp 2015 Disclaimer Performance tools will not automatically make your code run faster. They help you understand, what your code does and where to put in work. Mira Performance Boot Camp 2015: Vampir Performance Vis Mission � Visualization of dynamics of concurrent processes � Two components / steps - Monitor/Collector (Score-P) - Charts/Browser (Vampir) K What happens in my application execution during a given time in

  17. Microsoft Word - winter.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1 0 1 6 9 8 1 0 1 7 9 8 Degrees in Fahrenheit A c tu a l N o rm a l ( C h i c a g o , K a n s a s C i ty , N e w Y o r k , a n d P i tts b u r g h ) E x p e c te d R a n g e T...

  18. MacPherson wins top Communicator award | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MacPherson wins top Communicator award May 3, 2012 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Kitta MacPherson. (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office of Communications) Kitta MacPherson. Kitta MacPherson, the director of communications at the U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, has been recognized by the International Academy of Visual Arts (IAVA) with a 2012 Communicator Award. Along with Evelyn Tu, the University video producer of Princeton University,

  19. Microsoft Word - summer.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    f ro m t h e d a ily a v e ra g e h ig h te m p e ra tu re s f o r t h e la s t 1 0 y e a rs a n a m o u n t e q u a l to tw ic e a n e s t im a te o f th e s ta n d a rd d e v ia...

  20. LSU EFRC - Center for Atomic Level Catalyst Design - Technical Conference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2011 1 space control 2011 Technical Conference: Center for Atomic-level Catalyst Design Oct. 25-27, 2011 Note: Links available only on request to CALCD members. Contact Webmaster Presentations from the EFRC Technical Conference 2011 Mike Janik Mike Janik (Penn State): "Modeling and synthesis of rare earth oxides" Ulrike Diebold Ulrike Diebold (TU Vienna): "Designing Nanocatalysts via Atomically Controlled Metal Clusters and their Supports" Petra de Jongh Petra de Jongh

  1. A Comparative Analysis of Three Proposed Federal Renewable Electricity Standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, Patrick; Logan, Jeffrey; Bird, Lori; Short, Walter

    2009-05-01

    This paper analyzes potential impacts of proposed national renewable electricity standard (RES) legislation. An RES is a mandate requiring certain electricity retailers to provide a minimum share of their electricity sales from qualifying renewable power generation. The analysis focuses on draft bills introduced individually by Senator Jeff Bingaman and Representative Edward Markey, and jointly by Representative Henry Waxman and Markey. The analysis uses NREL's Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model to evaluate the impacts of the proposed RES requirements on the U.S. energy sector in four scenarios.

  2. Comparative Analysis of Three Proposed Federal Renewable Electricity Standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, P.; Logan, J.; Bird, L.; Short, W.

    2009-05-01

    This paper analyzes potential impacts of proposed national renewable electricity standard (RES) legislation. An RES is a mandate requiring certain electricity retailers to provide a minimum share of their electricity sales from qualifying renewable power generation. The analysis focuses on draft bills introduced individually by Senator Jeff Bingaman and Representative Edward Markey, and jointly by Representative Henry Waxman and Markey. The analysis uses NREL's Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model to evaluate the impacts of the proposed RES requirements on the U.S. energy sector in four scenarios.

  3. Section 59

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    tropospheric sulfate, J. Geophys. Res. Chuang, C.C., J.E. Penner, K.E. Taylor, A.S. Grossman, and J.J. Walton, Accepted: An assessment of the radiative effects of anthropogenic...

  4. ALS Staff Photo

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Print On May 14, 2013, members of ALS staff posed for a group photo in front of the dome. A hi-res version can be downloaded here. The last staff photo was taken in 2006. 2013...

  5. T. D. Tharp, A. F. Almagri, M. ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Plasma Sci. PS-7, 120 1979. 18 C. Cothran, M. Landreman, and M. Brown, Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L3105 2005. 19 D. D. Schnack, D. Barnes, Z. Mikic, D. S. Harned, E. J. ...

  6. A New Improved Na-K Geothermometer By Artificial Neural Networks...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    567-577), Truesdell (1975; Proc. 2nd UN Symposium), Tonani (1980; Proc. Adv. Eur. Geoth. Research, 2nd Symposium), Fournier (1979a; J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 5, 1-16), Nieva and...

  7. National Reservation Economic Summit 2016 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    National Reservation Economic Summit 2016 National Reservation Economic Summit 2016 March 21, 2016 9:00AM PDT to March 24, 2016 5:00PM PDT National Reservation Economic Summit (RES

  8. BPA-2011-00988-FOIA Request

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    this matter. Res-pact , Robert Tromp Subrogation Investigator Apr. 18. 2011 2: 6 5FM I ravel ers NO. OU44 r. TRAVELERS 11 APR I 8 AN II : 36 Robert Tromp Travelers Insurance...

  9. ATF2 Proposal (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    decision on the choice of technology, a world-wide collaboration on the design of the ... High Energy Phys. Oxford U. KEK, Tsukuba Kyoto U., Inst. Chem. Res. Orsay, LAL ...

  10. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Res. 47, 6426-6433 (2008). Jang, H. W., S. H. Baek, D. Ortiz, C. M. Folkman, R. R. Das, Y. H. Chu, P. Shafer, J. X. Zhang, S. Choudhury, V. Vaithyanathan, Y. B. Chen, D. A. Felker, ...

  11. National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development (Reservation Economic Summit)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    At RES D.C. Native entrepreneurs will experience a major boost to the networking opportunities. The Procurement aspect will gain a big boost simply by location where buyers can link up with...

  12. Development of Aerosol Models for Radiative Flux Calculations...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1985-1992. J. Geophys. Res., 99, 25,845-25,855. Quinn, P. K., T. L. Miller, T. S. Bates, J. A. Ogren, E. Andrews, and G. E. Shaw, 2002: A 3-year record of simultaneously...

  13. DRAFT: ACME-ARM-ASR Coordination Workshop

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... J. Geophys. Res., 117, D05204, doi:10.10292011JD016595. Golaz, J. C., V. E. Larson, and W. R. Cotton, 2002: A PDF-based model for boundary layer clouds. Part I: Method and model ...

  14. Microsoft Word - Haeffelin-MP.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... J. Geophys. Res., 102, 25,881-25,898. Kato S., T. P. Ackerman, E. G. Dutton, N. Laulainen, and N. Larson, 1999: A comparison of modeled and measured surface shortwave irradiance ...

  15. CarBen_Operators_Manual_-_9-27-10_Final_Draft

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Source Data o ER: Emissions Reduction Case o Ref: Reference Case o Res: Residential Module o Com: Commercial Module o Ind: Industrial Module o Elec: Electricity Module o Trans:...

  16. Renewable Energy Standard

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Utilities subject to the RES must obtain renewable energy credits (RECs**) from eligible renewable resources to meet 15% of their retail electric load by 2025 and thereafter. Of this percentage, ...

  17. Cal. Pub. Util. Code 1001 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Util. Code 1001 (Redirected from Cal. Pub. Res. Code 1001) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Cal. Pub. Util....

  18. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | May 8, 2013: Muon g-2...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    High Res Crews work to attach the red stabilizing apparatus to the Muon g-2 rings at Brookhaven National Laboratory in New York in preparation for moving them over land and sea to...

  19. MEMORANDUM TO: F I L E S I T E NAME: ALTERNATE

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    S I T E NAME: ALTERNATE caNAM----i---...m C I T Y : w - A - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - STATE : -&t- d-e---- TYPE O OPERATION ------'---... 0 Res&rch ...

  20. New MagViz Airport Liquid Analysis System Undergoes Testing

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2010-01-08

    LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, December 16, 2008?An innovative application of a technology first used for medical imaging may enhance airport security if Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists are successful. Los Alamos technologists have adapted Magnetic Res

  1. B

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ;;;. plf. t& -b ,,::";:,I. , P- ' ' I- : 7 I T,f , - . -.. ..... . yL." j";;e,.i.--ey- g-- .. .... fi' B res ...: j w CWies, Series-, . CtASlfKATION ...

  2. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Monolayer Behavior Retained in Bulk Semiconducting Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Comparison of the structure of ReS2 with the conventional structure of sTMDs such as MoS2 from...

  3. nabrajbhattarai | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    nabrajbhattarai Ames Laboratory Profile Nabraj Bhattarai Postdoc Res Associate Division of Materials Science & Engineering 216 Wilhelm Phone Number: 515-294-2162 Email Address: nabrajbhattarai@ameslab.gov

  4. In re Kent Pond, No MLP-03-10, Findings of Fact, Conclusions...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    re Kent Pond, No MLP-03-10, Findings of Fact, Conclusions of Law, and Order at 8, 13 (Vt. Water Res. Bd. May, 2004) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to...

  5. Papers and Reports

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2. Modeling,J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 6166-6175, doi:10.10022013JA018943. Wang, C.-P., C. Yue, S. Zaharia, X. Xing, L. Lyons, V. Angelopoulos, T. Nagai, and T. Lui...

  6. ANALYTICAL DATA SHEET ANALYTICAL DEPT. - HEALTH Al\\rD SAFETY...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Be Th --- Hour Sample Description IR T Q 6938 6939 BZ Using pneumatic powered circular .02 3 .06 brush to clean scriw. Dust-foe res- pirator and goggles worn. 0944 GA During power ...

  7. Consumers Energy Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    0.0833kWh The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for Consumers Energy Co (Michigan). Scroll leftright to see all of the table values. Month RES REV...

  8. Sustainable Energy Trust Fund

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The SETF is financed by a non-bypassable surcharge on the electric and natural gas bills of utility customers who are not Residential Aid Discount (RAD) or Residential Essential Service (RES)...

  9. White Papers on Materials for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    M. Powalla, Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 19 (2011) 894. 4 J. Kaneshiro, Dissertation Thesis, University of Hawaii at Mnoa, 2012. 5 S. Wojtczuk, P. Chiu, X. Zhang, D. Derkacs,...

  10. CX-008718: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Revolution Energy Services (RES) Agriculture (Ag) – Forest Glen Oaks LLC Biomass Project CX(s) Applied: B4.13 Date: 05/16/2012 Location(s): Oregon Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  11. video | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Here are some videos that explain fusion, the primary research project at PPPL: PHD Comics: Fusion Energy Explained - What is Fusion? (external link) Star Power Hi-Res A Star on ...

  12. Presentations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    March 19, 2013 | Author(s): Alex Friedman, LLNL | Download File: ndcx40g.r6000res1280ipstep5faster.mov | mov | 26 MB Kinetic Modelling in ICF March 19, 2013 | Author(s): Chuang ...

  13. Photo Gallery

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    imagesmediaphoto-gallerylarge40-60-0999-188411.jpg" target"blank">Download hi-res image
    Direct Link...

  14. Photo Gallery

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    imagesmediaphoto-gallerylargenifexterior2013-050402.jpg" target"blank">Download hi-res image
    Direct Link

    NIF...

  15. Photo Gallery

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    assetsimagesmediaphoto-gallerywebP1186612-lg.jpg" target"blank">Download hi-res image
    Direct Link

    Master...

  16. Microsoft Word - $ASQIEEE_Paper.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    B. W. Application of Upper Wind data in One Design of Tethered Wind Energy System. Solar Energy Res. Institute, TR-211-1400, Golden Colorado, USA, Feb 1982, pp. 1-127. 3...

  17. Geothermal significance of magnetotelluric sounding in the eastern...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and fitted to geologic models. Authors Stanley, W.D.; Boehl, J.E.; Bostick, F.X.; Smith and H.W. Published Journal J. Geophys. Res., 6101977 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI...

  18. Operating Experience Summary, 2012-02

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Technician 1's fit test for the applicable res- pirator had lapsed in March 2010. Air Quality Monitoring and Sampling - The IRB identified two inadequa- cies in this area....

  19. ARM - Datastreams - gms5

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : GMS5 GMS-5: visible 1.25-km res., IR 5-km resolution Active Dates 1996.10.11 - 2003.02.16 Measurement Categories Radiometric...

  20. Simulation of 200 GeV proton-proton collisions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    www.staff.scienc e.uu.nlmisch101res earch.htm 4 Motivation * Simulation of photon + jet versus jet + jet production - How well are per-trigger yields measured in p+p...

  1. Integrated digital inverters based on two-dimensional anisotropic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... reported and has attracted considerable attention16. In contrast, semiconducting 2D TMDs ... In this study, we focus on monolayer and few-layer ReS2, with thicknesses ranging from 0.8 ...

  2. REP&" TO A~NOF: NE-23 SUBJECT: Commercial Facilities Used by...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... Inc. (2) (also called ' Keledy' ne Hat. Res.) Tocco Heat Treating Cy. (2) Fenval, Inc. ... W-57180 was for three of the systems for installation at the FMPC. Tests.included the heat ...

  3. Celebration of PS

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    Le DG John Adams parle des premières années du PS avec présentation des dias ainsi il honore Pierre Germain qui après 24 ans de travail quitte sa fonction.

  4. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LiBr MSH and Brnsted acid and not by LiBr. Metal salts could potentially serve as Lewis acids for "one- pot" downstream tandem reactions. Deng et al. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res....

  5. SU-E-T-183: Feasibility of Extreme Dose Escalation for Glioblastoma...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Original VMAT plans were created with 2 to 4 coplanar or non-coplanar arcs using 3 mm hi-res MLC. The 4 optimization, using 5 mm MLC, selected and inverse optimized 30 beams...

  6. Project Notebook - Makah Indian Nation "Next Steps to Implement...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Potential sources of self-generation Wave energy Bio-gasification Small wind energy ... Execute on minimal necessity Load Summary Meters % of Total Annual usage kWh Res 1 phase ...

  7. Indian Energy News Archive | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Nevada. Part of DOE's silver-level sponsorship of RES 2014, the forum will take place on March 17, 2014, from 9 a.m.-5:30 p.m. and will feature the following roundtable sessions:...

  8. BPA-2010-02070-FOIA Request

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    :C iVU) Kl I 1 A FO1A OF FICE T1I IS DATE: C' - 4o DUE DATE: 0 ,2-'L LOG 0 Page 1 of I Atterbury,Laura M - DK -7 From: Lon @nw-econ.com Sent: Monday, September 13, 2010 3:53...

  9. Molecular Insights into the Biosynthesis of the F420 Coenzyme

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forouhar,F.; Abashidze, M.; Xu, H.; Grochowski, L.; Seetharaman, J.; Hussain, M.; Kuzin, A.; Chen, Y.; Zhou, W.; et al

    2008-01-01

    Coenzyme F420, a hydride carrier, is found in Archaea and some bacteria and has crucial roles in methanogenesis, antibiotic biosynthesis, DNA repair, and activation of antitubercular compounds. CofD, 2-phospho-l-lactate transferase, catalyzes the last step in the biosynthesis of F420-0 (F420 without polyglutamate), by transferring the lactyl phosphate moiety of lactyl(2)diphospho-(5')guanosine to 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin ribitol (Fo). CofD is highly conserved among F420-producing organisms, and weak sequence homologs are also found in non-F420-producing organisms. This superfamily does not share any recognizable sequence conservation with other proteins. Here we report the first crystal structures of CofD, the free enzyme and two ternary complexes, with Fo and Pi or with Fo and GDP, from Methanosarcina mazei. The active site is located at the C-terminal end of a Rossmann fold core, and three large insertions make significant contributions to the active site and dimer formation. The observed binding modes of Fo and GDP can explain known biochemical properties of CofD and are also supported by our binding assays. The structures provide significant molecular insights into the biosynthesis of the F420 coenzyme. Large structural differences in the active site region of the non-F420-producing CofD homologs suggest that they catalyze a different biochemical reaction.

  10. Petroleum Marketing Monthly

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Product Sales Report." So o our ur ur urce c c c : U. U S. S E Ene nerg rg g g gy y In Info fo o o orm rmat at t t tio ion n Ad Ad A A A mi mini ni n n st stra rati ti ...

  11. 11,23,1,3,2,19,30,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MEDWAY",0,"LIGHT...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...914,1,05336,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,2,2,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"LIGHT ...17,1,07977,"FO2","ST" 31,39,5,2,6,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"BIT ...

  12. 11,23,1,1,,19,10,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ELLSWORTH",0,,0...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...2,1,4,2,114,24,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","HAMILTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",0,1290,,,91,21,66,4481,33...14,1,50806,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,2,2,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"LIGHT ...

  13. 11,23,1,3,2,19,30,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MEDWAY",0,"LIGHT...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... 31,39,5,2,2,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"LIGHT OIL",51225,0,"M",1299,,,2000,74,155,1e+15,2917,1,07977,"FO2","ST" 31,39,5,2,6,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN ...

  14. A = 16O (1986AJ04)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for 16O) GENERAL: See also (1982AJ01) and Table 16.10. Table of Energy Levels (in PDF or PS) here. Shell model: (1978WI1B, 1981AN18, 1981BR16, 1981CO1X, 1981DE2G, 1981FO12,...

  15. A

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as a t emplate Upper r ight: Templated h afnium d ioxide (HfO 2 ) a Ker c arbon r emoval Boom: S canning e lectron m icrograph cross---secon o f m esoporous H fO 2 Work w as p...

  16. Revised Manuscript

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Rev. 100 (1955) 91 1955WI25 H.B. Willard, J.K. Bair and J.D. Kington, Phys. Rev. 98 (1955) ... Acta Suppl. 6 (1961) 324 1961FO07 D.B. Fossan, R.L. Walter, W.E. Wilson and H.H. ...

  17. FY 2012 Federal Real Property Reporting Requirement | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Federal Real Property Reporting Requirement FY 2012 Federal Real Property Reporting Requirement PDF icon FRPC Reporting Instructions 2012 final.pdf More Documents & Publications 2013 guidance fo real Property Inventory Reporting FY09_Federal_Real_Property_Reporting_Requirements.pdf Guidance for Fiscal Year 2015 Facilities Information Management System Data Validations

  18. FY09_Federal_Real_Property_Reporting_Requirements.pdf | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy _Federal_Real_Property_Reporting_Requirements.pdf FY09_Federal_Real_Property_Reporting_Requirements.pdf PDF icon FY09_Federal_Real_Property_Reporting_Requirements.pdf More Documents & Publications 2013 guidance fo real Property Inventory Reporting FY 2012 Federal Real Property Reporting Requirement Guidance for Fiscal Year 2015 Facilities Information Management System Data Validations

  19. A=8B (66LA04)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8B (66LA04) (See Energy Level Diagrams for 8B) GENERAL: See (FO58D, TA60L, IN62, NA63E, BA64I, BA64GG, GR64C, ST64). See also Table 8.18 Table of Energy Levels (in PDF or PS)....

  20. E/EIA

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    .. .. a UJ i- a: CJ a. UJ o: n. s z - - -- -* 0 OJ 1 1 f- CM f* " pM fO O CO -in in oo in 3 O * evt 5 H O -* TO - fM in f<% 0 2* t. m CM o> o st...

  1. Checkpoint-Restart in User Space

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2013-07-19

    CRUISE implements a user-space file system that stores data in main memory and transparently spills over to other storage, like local flash memory or the parallel file system, as needed. CRUISE also exposes file contents fo remote direct memory access, allowing external tools to copy files to the parallel file system in the background with reduced CPU interruption.

  2. Environment, Safety, and Health Program for Department of Energy Operations

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1986-09-23

    This Page Change transmits revised pages of DOE O 5480.1B to renew the authority fo the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health to curtail or suspend operations at Department of Energy facilities. Chg 1 dated 5-10-93. Canceled by DOE N 251.4.

  3. Atterbury,Laura M DK-7 From: Ex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    March 09, 2010 1234 PM To, FOIA Subject: FO(A Request i:l ( 11% 1) ON RI I % t t 11 I TIUS 1tt4 :- '' to e'a The following is a New FOJA request: Name: Torn Jacobs No...

  4. A=9Be (1984AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Levels (in PDF or PS). Shell model: (1978AR1H, 1979LA06, 1981BO1Y, 1982OR03). Cluster and -particle models: (1978AR1H, 1978RE1A, 1979CH1D, 1979FO16, 1979LU1A, 1979OK02,...

  5. A=6Li (1988AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1984ZW1A, 1985ER06, 1985FI1E, 1985LO1A, 1986AV08, 1986LE21, 1987KI1C, 1988WO04). Cluster and -particle models: (1981PL1A, 1982WE15, 1983CA13, 1983DZ1A, 1983FO03, 1983GA12,...

  6. A=19F (1983AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1978DA1N, 1978MA2H, 1979DA15, 1980KU05, 1980MC1L, 1981ER03, 1981GR06, 1982KI02). Cluster, collective and rotational models: (1977BU22, 1977FO1E, 1978BR21, 1978CH26,...

  7. Chinmayee Subban > Postdoc - Université de Picardie Jules Verne > Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EIA April 08, 2008 2 Oil Shocks and Oil Shocks and External Adjustment External Adjustment By By Bodenstein Bodenstein , , Erceg Erceg , , And And Guerrieri Guerrieri (Fed Board) (Fed Board) Discussion Discussion Alessandro Alessandro Rebucci Rebucci IMF RES IMF RES 3 Paper Contribution Paper Contribution n n DGE analysis of international transmission DGE analysis of international transmission of oil shocks of oil shocks n n Alternative assumptions on trade Alternative assumptions on trade

  8. China’s Emergence and Its Impact on the Global Economy

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    EIA April 08, 2008 2 Oil Shocks and Oil Shocks and External Adjustment External Adjustment By By Bodenstein Bodenstein , , Erceg Erceg , , And And Guerrieri Guerrieri (Fed Board) (Fed Board) Discussion Discussion Alessandro Alessandro Rebucci Rebucci IMF RES IMF RES 3 Paper Contribution Paper Contribution n n DGE analysis of international transmission DGE analysis of international transmission of oil shocks of oil shocks n n Alternative assumptions on trade Alternative assumptions on trade

  9. Forward osmosis :a new approach to water purification and desalination.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, James Edward; Evans, Lindsey R.

    2006-07-01

    Fresh, potable water is an essential human need and thus looming water shortages threaten the world's peace and prosperity. Waste water, brackish water, and seawater have great potential to fill the coming requirements. Unfortunately, the ability to exploit these resources is currently limited in many parts of the world by both the cost of the energy and the investment in equipment required for purification/desalination. Forward (or direct) osmosis is an emerging process for dewatering aqueous streams that might one day help resolve this problem. In FO, water from one solution selectively passes through a membrane to a second solution based solely on the difference in the chemical potential (concentration) of the two solutions. The process is spontaneous, and can be accomplished with very little energy expenditure. Thus, FO can be used, in effect, to exchange one solute for a different solute, specifically chosen for its chemical or physical properties. For desalination applications, the salts in the feed stream could be exchanged for an osmotic agent specifically chosen for its ease of removal, e.g. by precipitation. This report summarizes work performed at Sandia National Laboratories in the area of FO and reviews the status of the technology for desalination applications. At its current state of development, FO will not replace reverse osmosis (RO) as the most favored desalination technology, particularly for routine waters. However, a future role for FO is not out of the question. The ability to treat waters with high solids content or fouling potential is particularly attractive. Although our analysis indicates that FO is not cost effective as a pretreatment for conventional BWRO, water scarcity will likely drive societies to recover potable water from increasingly marginal resources, for example gray water and then sewage. In this context, FO may be an attractive pretreatment alternative. To move the technology forward, continued improvement and optimization of membranes is recommended. The identification of optimal osmotic agents for different applications is also suggested as it is clear that the space of potential agents and recovery processes has not been fully explored.

  10. Field of view extension and truncation correction for MR-based human attenuation correction in simultaneous MR/PET imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blumhagen, Jan O. Ladebeck, Ralf; Fenchel, Matthias; Braun, Harald; Quick, Harald H.; Faul, David; Scheffler, Klaus

    2014-02-15

    Purpose: In quantitative PET imaging, it is critical to accurately measure and compensate for the attenuation of the photons absorbed in the tissue. While in PET/CT the linear attenuation coefficients can be easily determined from a low-dose CT-based transmission scan, in whole-body MR/PET the computation of the linear attenuation coefficients is based on the MR data. However, a constraint of the MR-based attenuation correction (AC) is the MR-inherent field-of-view (FoV) limitation due to static magnetic field (B{sub 0}) inhomogeneities and gradient nonlinearities. Therefore, the MR-based human AC map may be truncated or geometrically distorted toward the edges of the FoV and, consequently, the PET reconstruction with MR-based AC may be biased. This is especially of impact laterally where the patient arms rest beside the body and are not fully considered. Methods: A method is proposed to extend the MR FoV by determining an optimal readout gradient field which locally compensates B{sub 0} inhomogeneities and gradient nonlinearities. This technique was used to reduce truncation in AC maps of 12 patients, and the impact on the PET quantification was analyzed and compared to truncated data without applying the FoV extension and additionally to an established approach of PET-based FoV extension. Results: The truncation artifacts in the MR-based AC maps were successfully reduced in all patients, and the mean body volume was thereby increased by 5.4%. In some cases large patient-dependent changes in SUV of up to 30% were observed in individual lesions when compared to the standard truncated attenuation map. Conclusions: The proposed technique successfully extends the MR FoV in MR-based attenuation correction and shows an improvement of PET quantification in whole-body MR/PET hybrid imaging. In comparison to the PET-based completion of the truncated body contour, the proposed method is also applicable to specialized PET tracers with little uptake in the arms and might reduce the computation time by obviating the need for iterative calculations of the PET emission data beyond those required for reconstructing images.

  11. Slide 1

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Market Diversification for Canadian Oil and Gas Presented by: John Foran Natural Resources Canada June 17, 2013 Canada/US Energy Trade Relationship 51 TWh 14 TWh 840 MMb 3.1 Tcf 1.0 Tcf 2600 tU % US Market Electricity 1% Crude Oil 16% Natural Gas 12% Uranium 20% Canada's Energy Policy Agenda  Market oriented energy policy  Maximize benefits of resources for Canadians  Ensure public health, safety, environmental protection  Address concerns of Canadians  Changing context 

  12. Nuclear Data Sheets for A-142

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, T.D.; Johnson,T.D.; Symochko,D.; Fadil,M.; Tuli,J.K.

    2011-08-01

    The 2000 Nuclear Data Sheets for A = 142 by J. K. Tuli, with literature cutoff date of February 4, 2000, has been revised. The evaluated experimental data are presented for 16 known nuclides of mass 142 (Ba, Ce, Cs, Dy, Eu, Gd, Ho, I, La, Nd, Pm, Pr, Sm, Tb, Te, Xe). Comparing to the previous evaluation (2000Tu01) significant changes were done to the level schemes of Gd, Cs, Ce and Nd. For all nuclides, the more recent Q values have been added.

  13. UL-NIC IXCT TESTS A'ITENTIOB: Cearge Bate

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    F. M. FL3lmore, inmotor, Prodnotion meion November 26, 1952 v. L. Pe.rsegian, Director, ,Reeearoh moid0n UL-NIC IXCT TESTS A'ITENTIOB: Cearge Bate Thie is to request that you ellthoriae ehlpolent of the following lmnliw Mmplea to Hr. Donald c. &dmIn,~Eleotro Ciraulta, Ino., LO,01 East Green Street, Pasadena 1, Califarnia, for the purpoee of ultrasonic teats: 1. lb0 urwiw liigqt tu+iona, 8O long end 5" in diameter. 2. Four lllaba out from lngot8, raeaeng 5" x 5* x 1" eaoh. The

  14. Quaglioni.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    IM #774417 This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under contract DE-AC52-07NA27344. Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC Contributors: G. Hupin (LLNL) P. Navratil, C. Romero-Redondo (TRIUMF) R. Roth, J. Langhammer (TU Darmstadt) LLNL ICGC: "From Nucleons to Nuclei to Fusion Reactions" PI: S. Quaglioni, LLNL INCITE: "Nuclear Structure and Nuclear Reactions" PI: J. Vary, ISU; Co-PI: P. Navratil,

  15. M

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Renato M onteiro VP B usiness D evelop., M &A Hydrocarbon gas liquids: Developments in petrochemicals 2 Chemicals is the largest U.S. industrial consumer of energy resources 1. Includes c oal, n atural g as, p etroleum, h ydrothermal, Source: E IA d ata 2 014, A EO 2 015 98 28% 2014 19% 100 28% 22% TransportaLon Industrial ResidenLal 31% 19% 2005 Commercial 97 2010 32% 22% 22% 18% 32% 28% Total U.S. energy consump9on 1 Quadrillion B TU 12% 8% Refining Other 70% Bulk c hemicals --- f eedstock

  16. Maker Faire Tour Part 2 | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) A Tour of the 2011 Maker Faire Part 2 Scientist Peter Tu shares more reflections from his trip to the 2011 Maker Faire in San Francisco. You Might Also Like 3-2-3-v-maker-faire-tour A Tour of the 2011 Maker Faire Part 1

  17. CO_CODE","PLT_CODE","YEAR","MONTH","BLANK1","BOM_DIST","ORIG_ST","MINE_TYPE","BL

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1,91,01,,,,,,07,48,,3,"NG",,4,0,1000,1024,0,0,261.7,,1 050010,3452,91,01,,,,,,07,48,,3,"NG",,4,0,1532000,1030,0,0,261.7,,1 050010,3452,91,01,,,,,,07,48,,2,"FO2",,7,9,10000,138000,0.5,0.1,564,,1 050010,3452,91,01,,,,,,07,48,,2,"FO5",,7,9,7000,148000,0.5,0.1,510.8,,1 050010,3453,91,01,,,,,,07,48,,3,"NG",,4,0,2079000,1021,0,0,261.7,,1 050010,3454,91,01,,,,,,07,48,,3,"NG",,4,0,360000,1017,0,0,261.7,,1

  18. Temperature dependent DC electrical conductivity studies of ZnO nanoparticle thick films prepared by simple solution combustion method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naveen, C. S. Jayanna, H. S. Lamani, Ashok R. Rajeeva, M. P.

    2014-04-24

    ZnO nanoparticles of different size were prepared by varying the molar ratio of glycine and zinc nitrate hexahydrate as fuel and oxidizer (F/O = 0.8, 1.11, 1.7) by simple solution combustion method. Powder samples were characterized by UV-Visible spectrophotometer, X-ray diffractometer, Scanning electron microscope (SEM). DC electrical conductivity measurements at room temperature and in the temperature range of 313-673K were carried out for the prepared thick films and it was found to increase with increase of temperature which confirms the semiconducting nature of the samples. Activation energies were calculated and it was found that, F/O molar ratio 1.7 has low E{sub AL} (Low temperature activation energy) and high E{sub AH} (High temperature activation energy) compared to other samples.

  19. Salt Producing Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA 2000's NA NA NA 8,986 39,588 40,466 60,432 54,660 49,073 56,035 2010's 62,914 74,790 75,026 78,196 76,154 81,83

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 0 8,045 310,965

    Conventional Gasoline Blend. Comp. Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Biomass-Based Diesel (Renewable) Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., 15 to 500 ppm Distillate

  20. Alkaline Waterflooding Demonstration Project, Ranger Zone, Long Beach Unit, Wilmington Field, California. Fourth annual report, June 1979-May 1980. Volume 3. Appendices II-XVII

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carmichael, J.D.

    1981-03-01

    Volume 3 contains Appendices II through XVII: mixing instructions for sodium orthosilicate; oil displacement studies using THUMS C-331 crude oil and extracted reservoir core material from well B-110; clay mineral analysis of B-827-A cores; sieve analysis of 4 Fo sand samples from B-110-IA and 4 Fo sand samples from B-827-A; core record; delayed secondary caustic consumption tests; long-term alkaline consumption in reservoir sands; demulsification study for THUMS Long Beach Company, Island White; operating plans and instructions for DOE injection demonstration project, alkaline injection; caustic pilot-produced water test graphs; well test irregularities (6/1/79-5/31/80); alkaline flood pump changes (6/1/79-5/31/80); monthly DOE pilot chemical waterflood injection reports (preflush injection, alkaline-salt injection, and alkaline injection without salt); and caustic safety procedures-alkaline chemicals.

  1. Worksheet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,03700,2,"FO2",1,1,3636,137028,0.1,0,229.5,,1,,1 1975,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,03800,2,"FO2",1,1,15502,137028,0.1,0,229.5,,2,,1 1975,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,03900,3,"NG",4,4,377720,1046,0,0,135.2,,1,,1 1975,1,50022,3,"KY",9,"S",6,1,03100,1,"BIT",7,7,7174,11367,4.1,11.1,161.4,,1,,1 1975,1,50022,3,"KY",9,"S",6,1,03000,1,"BIT",7,7,18076,10831,3.5,11.6,160.2,,1,,1

  2. Worksheet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,35400,2,"FO2",1,1,8769,134870,0.11,0,212.1,,1,,1 1976,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,35500,2,"FO2",1,1,5606,134870,0.11,0,212.1,,2,,1 1976,1,50022,3,"AL",13,"S",6,1,35100,1,"BIT",7,7,15646,11560,0.95,16.4,110.9,,1,,1 1976,1,50022,3,"AL",13,"S",6,1,35200,1,"BIT",1,1,17914,11430,0.75,15.3,116.8,,1,,1 1976,1,50022,3,"AL",13,"S",6,1,35000,1,"BIT",2,2,48432,11708,0.71,14.2,96.7,,1,,1

  3. Worksheet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,73900,3,"NG",4,4,39342,1154,0,0,172,,1,,2 1977,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,74000,2,"FO2",1,1,8264,136644,0.2,0,266.8,,1,,2 1977,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,74100,2,"FO2",1,1,6234,136644,0.2,0,266.8,,2,,2 1977,1,50022,3,"AL",13,"S",6,1,73700,1,"BIT",7,7,16368,13470,0.66,3.5,171.9,,1,,2 1977,1,50022,3,"AL",13,"S",6,1,73800,1,"BIT",7,7,23351,11797,1.08,14.6,107.6,,1,,2

  4. Worksheet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2,1,50022,3,"KY",8,"S",6,1,05002,1,"BIT",7,7,4209,12659,1.15,7,233.6,,1,01,05002 1982,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,05002,2,"FO2",2,2,203,135618,0.25,0,773.5,,1,01,05002 1982,1,50022,7,"AL",13,"S",6,1,05002,1,"BIT",7,7,1314,13358,3.88,9.3,135.7,,1,01,05002 1982,1,50022,7,,0,,6,1,05002,2,"FO2",2,2,384,137644,0.25,0,753.2,,1,01,05002

  5. Worksheet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1, 112,2,"FO2",7,7,399,139029,0.12,0,649.4,,1,,21158 1983,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1, 113,3,"NG",4,4,110615,1114,0,0,327.7,,1 1983,1,50022,7,"AL",13,"S",6,1, 112,1,"BIT",1,1,20969,13543,0.69,3.5,285.5,,1,04 1983,1,50022,7,,0,,6,1, 113,2,"FO2",7,7,191,138343,0.17,0,646.1,,1,,21158 1983,1,50022,7,,0,,6,1, 114,3,"NG",5,5,616,1028,0,0,447,,1 1983,1,50022,8,"AL",13,"S",6,1,

  6. Worksheet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5,1,50022,3,,,,6,1, 113,3,"NG",4,4,19338,1086,0,0,321.5,,1,,31205 1985,1,50022,3,,,,6,1, 112,2,"FO2",7,7,373,139018,0.09,0,562.8,,1,,21075 1985,1,50022,7,,,,6,1, 115,3,"NG",5,5,350,1031,0,0,445.4,,1,,31230 1985,1,50022,7,,,,6,1, 114,2,"FO2",7,7,177,139403,0.12,0,558.4,,1,,21075 1985,1,50022,7,"AL",13,"S",6,1,86113,1,"BIT",1,1,1740,12711,1.54,11,137.4,,1,07,12588 1985,1,50022,7,"AL",13,"S",6,1,

  7. Worksheet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7,1,50022,3,,,,6,1, 112,2,"FO2",1,1,177,138320,0.34,0,408.4,,1,,21026 1987,1,50022,3,,,,6,1, 113,3,"NG",4,4,18001,1028,0,0,195,,1,,31205 1987,1,50022,3,,,,6,1, 114,3,"NG",5,5,42089,1028,0,0,308.9,,1,,31590 1987,1,50022,7,,,,6,1, 113,2,"FO2",1,1,355,138559,0.1,0,418.7,,1,,21075 1987,1,50022,7,,,,6,1, 114,3,"NG",5,5,4449,1037,0,0,300,,1,,31230 1987,1,50022,7,"AL",13,"S",6,1,

  8. Worksheet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1, 114,2,"FO2",7,7,177,136071,0.45,0,395.1,,1,,19446 1989,1,50022,3,,,,6,1, 115,3,"NG",5,5,71365,1020,0,0,195,,1,,31204 1989,1,50022,3,"AL",13,"S",6,1, 112,1,"BIT",1,1,35278,12852,0.91,9.5,225.9,,1,12,16526 1989,1,50022,3,"TN",13,"U",6,1, 113,1,"BIT",7,7,12543,12340,1,11.2,142.1,,1,11,29999 1989,1,50022,8,,,,6,1, 215,2,"FO2",7,7,812,136668,0.48,0,390.2,,1,,19238

  9. Microsoft Word - winter.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7, 1998 http:www.eia.doe.gov A v e r a g e T e m p e r a t u r e fo r F o u r M a jo r G a s C o n s u m in g M e t r o A r e a s 0 1 0 2 0 3 0 4 0 5 0 6 0 7 0 8 0 1 0 1 9 8 1...

  10. Microsoft Word - 2014 Annual Fire Protection Program Summary DRAFT Rev 15.docx

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    nment, Annual Fire mary fo UNITED S Enviro ty Support an Envir rity Annual Fire Protection Program Su Environmental Protection, Sustainabil fety and Sec Annual Fire P for Protection Program Sum r Calendar Year 2014 mmary UNITED ST TATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Summary Provided by: Office of Environ nmental Protection, Sustainabili ity Support and d Corporate Safety Analysis Office of Enviro onment, Health, Safety and Secu urity (AU) December 2015 Annual Fire Protection Program Summary for Calendar

  11. ITP Steel: Hydrogen and Nitrogen Control in Ladle and Casting Operations |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Hydrogen and Nitrogen Control in Ladle and Casting Operations ITP Steel: Hydrogen and Nitrogen Control in Ladle and Casting Operations PDF icon casting_ops.pdf More Documents & Publications Steel Industry Technology Roadmap ITP Steel: Energy and Environmental Profile fo the U.S. Iron and Steel Industry ITP Metal Casting: Advanced Melting Technologies: Energy Saving Concepts and Opportunities for the Metal Casting Industry

  12. Advanced Methods for Manufacturing Newsletter - Issue 1 | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Methods for Manufacturing Newsletter - Issue 1 Advanced Methods for Manufacturing Newsletter - Issue 1 The Advanced Methods for Manufacturing (AMM) newsletter includes information about selected projects pertaining to additive manufacturing, concrete technologies, and welding innovations currently funded by the Department of Energy's Office of Nuclear Energy. PDF icon NEET-Advanced Methods fo Manufacturing Newsletter - Issue 1.pdf More Documents & Publications Advanced Methods for

  13. Annual Fier Protection Program for Calendar Year 2012

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of Health, Safety and Annual Fire mary fo UNITED S Enviro lity Support an Office Annual Fire Protection Program Su Environmental Protection, Sustainab Securit Annual Fire P for Protection Program Sum r Calendar Year 2012 mmary UNITED ST TATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Summary Provided by: Office of Environ nmental Protection, Sustainabi ility Support and d Corporate Safety Analysis Office of Health, Safety and Security y July 2013 Annual Fire Protection Program Summary for Calendar Year CY2012 Table

  14. IWARS Final

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy Technology Roadmap for the Petroleum Industry ITP Petroleum Refining: Technology Roadmap for the Petroleum Industry PDF icon petroleumroadmap.pdf More Documents & Publications ITP Aluminum: Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Aluminum Industry ITP Aluminum: Technical Working Group on Inert Anode Technologies 2011 Strategic Plan Industry | Department of Energy

    Steel: Energy and Environmental Profile fo the U.S. Iron and Steel Industry ITP Steel: Energy

  15. Circuit for echo and noise suppression of acoustic signals transmitted through a drill string

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Drumheller, D.S.; Scott, D.D.

    1993-12-28

    An electronic circuit for digitally processing analog electrical signals produced by at least one acoustic transducer is presented. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a novel digital time delay circuit is utilized which employs an array of First-in-First-out (FiFo) microchips. Also, a bandpass filter is used at the input to this circuit for isolating drill string noise and eliminating high frequency output. 20 figures.

  16. Beginning Foreign Obligation Balances for the Power Reactors Presentation

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Beginning Foreign Obligation Balances Beginning Foreign Obligation Balances for the Power Reactors for the Power Reactors Michael J. Smith Michael J. Smith NAC International NAC International Obligations Accounting Implementation Workshop Obligations Accounting Implementation Workshop January 13, 2004 January 13, 2004 Crowne Crowne Plaza Plaza Ravinia Ravinia Atlanta, Georgia Atlanta, Georgia Project Purpose Project Purpose * Bridge the gap in foreign obligated (FO) inventory tracking for US

  17. Increased reserves through horizontal drilling in a mature waterflood, Long Beach unit, Wilmington Oil Field, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berman, B.H.

    1996-12-31

    Ranger Zone development started in 1965. A waterflood was initiated from the start using a staggered line-drive pattern. Infill drilling in the early 1980s and again in the 1990s revealed bypassed oil in the upper Ranger Fo sand. Detailed studies of the aerial extent of the remaining oil resulted in drilling 17 horizontal wells to recover these reserves. The Fo target sand thickness is 20 to 50 feet. Well courses are between 10 and 15 feet below the top of the Fo with lengths varying from 800 to 1,000 feet. The success of the Fo drilling program has prompted expansion of horizontal drilling into thin-bedded sand units. Well lengths have increased to between 1,500 and 1,800 feet with structural trend used to advantage. Where needed, probes are designed to penetrate the target sand before setting intermediate casing. The drilling program has been extended into bilateral horizontal completions. Geosteering with MWD/GR and a 2 MHz dual propagation resistivity tool is used to the casing point. In the completion interval, only the MWD/GR tool is used and a drillpipe conveyed E-log is run afterward to confirm expected resistivities. Despite the many well penetrations in the Ranger Zone, structural control is only fair. Accuracy of MWD data is generally low and geosteering is done by TVD log correlation. With a recovery factor of over 30 percent in Ranger West, from approximately 800 wells drilled in the last 30 years, the horizontal drilling program targeting bypassed reserves has brought new life to this mature reservoir.

  18. Increased reserves through horizontal drilling in a mature waterflood, Long Beach unit, Wilmington Oil Field, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berman, B.H. )

    1996-01-01

    Ranger Zone development started in 1965. A waterflood was initiated from the start using a staggered line-drive pattern. Infill drilling in the early 1980s and again in the 1990s revealed bypassed oil in the upper Ranger Fo sand. Detailed studies of the aerial extent of the remaining oil resulted in drilling 17 horizontal wells to recover these reserves. The Fo target sand thickness is 20 to 50 feet. Well courses are between 10 and 15 feet below the top of the Fo with lengths varying from 800 to 1,000 feet. The success of the Fo drilling program has prompted expansion of horizontal drilling into thin-bedded sand units. Well lengths have increased to between 1,500 and 1,800 feet with structural trend used to advantage. Where needed, probes are designed to penetrate the target sand before setting intermediate casing. The drilling program has been extended into bilateral horizontal completions. Geosteering with MWD/GR and a 2 MHz dual propagation resistivity tool is used to the casing point. In the completion interval, only the MWD/GR tool is used and a drillpipe conveyed E-log is run afterward to confirm expected resistivities. Despite the many well penetrations in the Ranger Zone, structural control is only fair. Accuracy of MWD data is generally low and geosteering is done by TVD log correlation. With a recovery factor of over 30 percent in Ranger West, from approximately 800 wells drilled in the last 30 years, the horizontal drilling program targeting bypassed reserves has brought new life to this mature reservoir.

  19. Development of Austenitic ODS Strengthened Alloys for Very High

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    251 Development of Austenitic ODS Strengthened Alloys for Very High Temperature Applications Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies Dr. J a m e s Stubbing University o f Illinois-Urbana Champaign In c o ll a b o r a tio n with: International Institute fo r Carbon Neutral Energy Research Sue Lesica, Federal ROC Lizhen Tan, Technical ROC Development of Austenitic ODS Strengthened Alloys for Very High Temperature Applications Final Report 22 April 2015 Authors Dr. Yinbin Miao (main author) with

  20. 01ii Beam Line - 2

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    STA N FO R D LIN EA R A C C ELER A TO R C EN TER Fall 2001, Vol. 31, No. 3 Guest Editor MICHAEL RIORDAN Editors RENE DONALDSON, BILL KIRK Contributing Editors GORDON FRASER JUDY JACKSON, AKIHIRO MAKI MICHAEL RIORDAN, PEDRO WALOSCHEK Editorial Advisory Board PATRICIA BURCHAT, DAVID BURKE LANCE DIXON, EDWARD HARTOUNI ABRAHAM SEIDEN, GEORGE SMOOT HERMAN WINICK Illustrations TERRY ANDERSON Distribution CRYSTAL TILGHMAN A PERIODICAL OF PARTICLE PHYSICS CONTENTS FALL 2001 VOL. 31, NUMBER 3 The Beam

  1. High Level Waste ManagemenfDivision ..

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    High Level Waste ManagemenfDivision .. . . HLWSystem Plan Revision 2(U) Westinghouse Savannah River Company . Aiken; South Carolina Jam,lary 14,1994 HIGH LEVEL WASTE SYSTEM PLAN REVISION 2 _--JANUARY 14, 1994 APPROVAL SHEET Deputy General Manager High Level Waste Management Westinghouse Savannah River Company fO ..... R. E. Erickson Director,- Vitrification Projects Division U. S. Department of Energy, Headquarters Date I Date Date " " HLW System Plan - Revision 2 (U) Table of Contents

  2. DOE/EIS-0132-F United States Department ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1990 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY R emed i a l A c t i o n s a t t h e Fo rme r U n i on C a rb i d e C o rporat i on U ra n i um M i l l S i t e s R i f l e , Ga r f i e l d C o u ...

  3. Circuit for echo and noise suppression of accoustic signals transmitted through a drill string

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Drumheller, Douglas S.; Scott, Douglas D.

    1993-01-01

    An electronic circuit for digitally processing analog electrical signals produced by at least one acoustic transducer is presented. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a novel digital time delay circuit is utilized which employs an array of First-in-First-out (FiFo) microchips. Also, a bandpass filter is used at the input to this circuit for isolating drill string noise and eliminating high frequency output.

  4. Departm

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Kie ling, Acting Bureau Chief Hazardous Waste Bureau New Mexico Environment Department 2905 Rodeo Park Drive East, Building 1 San ta Fe, New Mexico 87 505-6303 MAY 2 4 2012 Subject: Notification of Class 1 Permit Modifica tion to the Hazard ous Waste Facility Permit, Number: NM4890139088-TSDF Dear Mr. Kieling: Enclosed is the fo llowing Class 1 Permit Modification Notification : * Update Emergency Coordinator Add ress and Telephone Numbers We certify under penalty of law that this document and

  5. Profile for Aditya Mohite

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Matter and Fast Ignition, University of Rochester | National Nuclear Security Administration Professor and Director of the Fusion Science Center of Extreme States of Matter and Fast Ignition, University of Rochester Edward Moses congratulates fellow award winner Riccardo Betti Riccardo Betti September 2009 Edward Teller Medal Riccardo Betti of the University of Rochester's Fusion Science Center of Extreme State fo Matter and Fast Ignition was recently awarded with the 2009 Edward Teller

  6. Software Based DIAS and FACET Training Guide

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2005-03-01

    The Dynamic Information Architecture System (DIAS) is an ANL- developed framework fo developing multidisciplinary simulation systems. It is copyrighted (ANL-SF-96-130 and ANL-SF-98-127) and licensed software and the invention is patented (ANL-IN-95-146). This Developer's Guide and accompanying Farm Tax tutorial provides software based system and documentation tha supports the DIAS licenses.

  7. Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.6 Lighting

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    6 2010 Lamp Wattage, Number of Lamps, and Hours of Usage Lamp Wattage (Watts per lamp) Number of Lamps per Building Hours of Usage per Day Res Com Ind Other (1) Res Com Ind Res Com Ind Other Incandescent 56 53 46 68 32 14 1 2 10 13 9 General (A-type, Decorative) (2) 58 58 46 N/A 27 8 1 2 10 13 N/A Reflector 69 79 65 N/A 4 4 0 (3) 2 10 12 N/A Miscellaneous 45 7 0 68 1 3 N/A 2 11 0 9 Halogen 65 68 68 149 2 9 0 2 12 12 11 General 50 46 36 N/A 0 0 0 2 12 12 N/A Reflector 68 78 64 N/A 1 4 0 2 12 12

  8. NRC safety research in support of regulation - FY 1994. Volume 9

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-06-01

    This report, the tenth in a series of annual reports, was prepared in response to congressional inquiries concerning how nuclear regulatory research is used. It summarizes the accomplishments of the Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research during FY 1994. The goal of the Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research (RES) is to ensure the availability of sound technical bases for timely rulemaking and related decisions in support of NRC regulatory/licensing/inspection activities. RES also has responsibilities related to the resolution of generic safety issues and to the review of licensee submittals regarding individual plant examinations. It is the responsibility of RES to conduct the NRC`s rulemaking process, including the issuance of regulatory guides and rules that govern NRC licensed activities.

  9. Role of fuel/oxidizer ratio on the synthesis conditions of CuAl{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanocomposite prepared through solution combustion synthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nasiri, H.; Bahrami Motlagh, E.; Vahdati Khaki, J.; Zebarjad, S.M.

    2012-11-15

    Highlights: ? With increasing the fuel to oxidizer ratio synthesis products changed from CuO to Cu{sub 2}O. ? With increasing the fuel to oxidizer ratio the combustion temperature decreased. ? Maximum ratio that synthesis could occur was achieved. ? The stoichiometric ratio had the maximum combustion temperature. ? Solution with graphite had lower combustion temperature. -- Abstract: The role of fuel/oxidizer ratio in the synthesis conditions of CuAl{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanocomposite, which was prepared through solution combustion synthesis, method was investigated. For this purpose, copper and aluminum nitrates as well as urea were used as oxidizer and fuel, respectively. The fuel/oxidizer (F/O) ratios were selected from the range of 0.91.75. The products were analyzed using X-ray diffraction, SEM and TEM techniques. During the process the temperature was recorded as a function of time. The results showed that by increasing the F/O ratio up to the stoichiometric amount, the combustion temperature increases. Further increment of F/O ratio resulted in a decrease in the combustion temperature. Microscopic evaluations, using SEM and TEM, proved feasibility of the production of CuAl{sub 2}O{sub 3} through this method.

  10. Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.8 Active Solar Systems

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    9 Total Grid-Tied PV Capacity, by State Net Metering Utility (2006) PV Capacity as of 2007 (MW) Utility Residential Non-Res. State Total (1) Residential Non-Res. Unknown Participants (2) Customers Customers California New Jersey Arizona Nevada New York Colorado Massachusetts Hawaii Texas All Other States Total (3) Note(s): Source(s): 3,146 1) Projections totals may not add due to rounding. 2) Includes entities with participants in more than one state. 3) Arizona does not have state- wide net

  11. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Annual",2015,"6/30/1936" ,"Release Date:","4/29/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","8/31/2016" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_res_a_eppr_im0_mbbl_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_res_a_eppr_im0_mbbl_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202)

  12. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Monthly","2/2016","1/15/1936" ,"Release Date:","4/29/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","5/31/2016" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_move_res_a_eppr_im0_mbbl_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_move_res_a_eppr_im0_mbbl_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202)

  13. Characterization of Surface Water/Groundwater Exchange Regulating Uranium Transport Using Electrical Imaging and Distributed Temperature Sensing Methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee D. Slater; Dimitrios Ntarlagiannis; Fred Day-Lewis; Kisa Mwakanyamale; Roelof J Versteeg; Andy Ward; Christopher Strickland; Carole D. Johnson; John Lane

    2010-10-01

    A critical challenge in advancing prediction of solute transport between contaminated aquifers and rivers is improving understanding of how fluctuations in river stage, combined with subsurface heterogeneity, impart spatiotemporal complexity to solute exchange along river corridors. Here, we explored the use of continuous waterborne electrical imaging (CWEI), in conjunction with fiber-optic distributed temperature sensor (FO-DTS) monitoring, to improve the conceptual model for uranium transport within the river corridor at the Hanford 300 Area. We first inverted CWEI (resistivity and induced polarization) datasets for distributions of electrical resistivity and polarizability, from which the spatial complexity of the primary hydrogeologic units was reconstructed. Variations in the depth to the interface between the overlying coarse-grained, high permeability Hanford formation and the underlying finer grained, less permeable Ringold formation, an important contact that limits vertical migration of contaminants, were resolved along ~3 km of the river corridor centered on the 300 Area. Polarizability images were translated into lithologic images using established relationships between polarizability and surface area normalized to pore volume (Spor). Spatial variability in the thickness of the Hanford formation captured in the CWEI datasets indicates that previous studies based on borehole projections and drive-point and multi-level sampling overestimate the contributing area for uranium exchange within the Columbia River at the Hanford 300 Area. The FO- DTS data recorded along a 1.5 km of cable with a 1-m spatial resolution and 5-minute sampling interval revealed sub-reaches showing (1) temperature anomalies (relatively warm in winter and cool in summer) and, (2) a strong correlation between temperature and river stage (negative in winter and positive in summer), both indicative of reaches of enhanced surface water/groundwater exchange. The FO-DTS datasets confirm the hydrologic significance of the variability identified in the CWEI and reveal a pattern of highly focused exchange, with exchange concentrated at springs where the Hanford formation is thick, and coinciding with a paleochannel identified in ground penetrating radar surveys at one location. No evidence for focused exchange is observed in the FO-DTS data where the Ringold unit is in contact with the riverbed or the Hanford formation is thin. Our findings illustrate how the combination of CWEI and FO-DTS technologies can characterize surface water/groundwater exchange in a complex, coupled river-aquifer system.

  14. BOCC Blueprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Belew, Shan T.

    2015-01-08

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Facility and Operations (F&O) Division strives to manage performance, to assure long-term health and sustainability for the organization and our staff through innovation and learning. The F&O organization is committed to achieving five strategic outcomes over the next several years. The strategic outcomes are aligned with the Department of Energy (DOE) and PNNL mission and vision. One key outcome important to enabling our vision is to integrate the smartest facilities, connected to the smartest people, by the smartest systems. We call this our SMART3 Initiative. The F&O SMART3 Initiative will connect human capital with intelligent systems, resulting in a best-in-class, integrated facility-operations strategy that improves productivity and optimizes operational costs. The Building Operations Control Center (BOCC) Blueprint is a key deliverable in this effort and will define near-term and long-term objectives aligned with the SMART3 Initiative. The BOCC Blueprint provides a plan to successfully position the BOCC and assure full integration into the new Systems Engineering Laboratory (SEL). The BOCC Blueprint near-term objectives will satisfy each of the three elements of the SMART3 Initiative. 1. The facilities element will be achieved by defining the minimum set of smart sensors for deployment, establishing dashboards and metrics, and initiating a Real-Time Commissioning Program (RT-Cx). 2. The people element will be achieved as F&O and the Energy and Environment Directorate (EED) collaborate, mentor, and cross-train within F&O. The collaboration effort will provide proof of concept by testing, applying and sharing information on facility systems through smart grid, facility re-tuning & audits, and DSOM fault detection and diagnostics. The mentoring and cross-training will be realized by integrating air balance operators, power operators and FMCS specialists within the BOCC. 3. The systems element will be achieved by standardizing the Facility Management Control Systems (FMCS) and Decision Support for Operations and Maintenance (DSOM) development, specifically by implementing facility dashboards and tools. The long-term objectives are to enhance reliability, reduce cost, and demonstrate the “Living Laboratory,” as defined by the way facilities are used to advance research from theoretical to practical applications through scientific collaboration among PNNL’s research and development (R&D) staff. With the BOCC Blueprint defining the objectives to meet the SMART3 Initiative, the BOCC will become a valuable PNNL core competency, and allow for additional R&D opportunities.

  15. The Importance of High Temporal Resolution in Modeling Renewable Energy Penetration Scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicolosi, Marco; Mills, Andrew D; Wiser, Ryan H

    2010-10-08

    Traditionally, modeling investment and dispatch problems in electricity economics has been limited by computation power. Due to this limitation, simplifications are applied. One common practice, for example, is to reduce the temporal resolution of the dispatch by clustering similar load levels. The increase of intermittent electricity from renewable energy sources (RES-E) changes the validity of this assumption. RES-E already cover a certain amount of the total demand. This leaves an increasingly volatile residual demand to be matched by the conventional power market. This paper quantifies differences in investment decisions by applying three different time-resolution residual load patterns in an investment and dispatch power system model. The model optimizes investment decisions in five year steps between today and 2030 with residual load levels for 8760, 288 and 16 time slices per year. The market under consideration is the four zone ERCOT market in Texas. The results show that investment decisions significantly differ across the three scenarios. In particular, investments into base-load technologies are substantially reduced in the high resolution scenario (8760 residual load levels) relative to the scenarios with lower temporal resolution. Additionally, the amount of RES-E curtailment and the market value of RES-E exhibit noteworthy differences.

  16. Power from bio-sources in Italy incentives and results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerardi, V.; Ricci, A.; Scoditti, E.

    1996-12-31

    In Italy most of the technologies for producing power from bio-sources, as well as from other non-conventional renewable Energy Sources (RES), are rather mature, but their exploitation is still not completely convenient from the economic point of view. It depends on many factors, such as designing of plants, selection of energy conversion system and components, selection of installation site, size of market still too limited, high production costs of the technologies and lack of adequate financial supports. In the early nineties, in the attempt to overcome this situation, the Italian Government issued a series of measures addressed mainly to the power production from RES. This gives a short description of the regulations in force and some details about an important incentive tool (CIP 6/92 and relative decrees) for RES power plants installation. In particular, it indicates the possible power plant typologies, the criteria to assimilate the fossil fuel plants to RES ones, the present prices of electricity transferred into the grid and the methodology for updating the prices. Furthermore, the paper gives some data concerning submitted proposals, plant operation planning and their geographic distribution according to different bio-sources typologies.

  17. ALS Staff Photo

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Staff Photo Print On May 14, 2013, members of ALS staff posed for a group photo in front of the dome. A hi-res version can be downloaded here. The last staff photo was taken in 2006. 2013 staff photo

  18. ARM - Datastreams - avhrr14lacman

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    lacman Documentation XDC documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : AVHRR14LACMAN AVHRR (NOAA 14), 1-km res., local area coverage of Manus

  19. ARM - Datastreams - avhrr14lacnau

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    lacnau Documentation XDC documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : AVHRR14LACNAU AVHRR (NOAA 14), 1-km res., local area coverage of Nauru

  20. ARM - Datastreams - avhrr16lacman

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    lacman Documentation XDC documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : AVHRR16LACMAN AVHRR (NOAA 16), 1-km res., local area coverage of Manus

  1. ARM - Datastreams - avhrr16lacnau

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    lacnau Documentation XDC documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : AVHRR16LACNAU AVHRR (NOAA 16), 1-km res., local area coverage of Nauru

  2. ARM - Datastreams - avhrr17lacman

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    lacman Documentation XDC documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : AVHRR17LACMAN AVHRR (NOAA 17), 1-km res., local area coverage of Manus from Kwajalein, provided by Aeromet Active Dates 2002.09.16

  3. ARM - Datastreams - avhrr17lacnau

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    lacnau Documentation XDC documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : AVHRR17LACNAU AVHRR (NOAA 17), 1-km res., local area coverage of Nauru from Kwajalein, provided by Aeromet Active Dates 2002.09.15

  4. Recent NRC research activities addressing valve and pump issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morrison, D.L.

    1996-12-01

    The mission of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is to ensure the safe design, construction, and operation of commercial nuclear power plants and other facilities in the U.S.A. One of the main roles that the Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research (RES) plays in achieving the NRC mission is to plan, recommend, and implement research programs that address safety and technical issues deemed important by the NRC. The results of the research activities provide the bases for developing NRC positions or decisions on these issues. Also, RES performs confirmatory research for developing the basis to evaluate industry responses and positions on various regulatory requirements. This presentation summarizes some recent RES supported research activities that have addressed safety and technical issues related to valves and pumps. These activities include the efforts on determining valve and motor-operator responses under dynamic loads and pressure locking events, evaluation of monitoring equipment, and methods for detecting and trending aging of check valves and pumps. The role that RES is expected to play in future years to fulfill the NRC mission is also discussed.

  5. Molecular Interaction between Botulinum Neurotoxin B and Its Protein

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Receptor Revealed Molecular Interaction between Botulinum Neurotoxin B and Its Protein Receptor Revealed Figure 1 Structure of the HcB-Syt-II complex. a, sA-weighted FO - FC electron density map (contoured at 1.5 s) around Syt-II, overlaid with the final refined model (Syt-II: red and green; HcB: grey). Please note that this map is model-bias free since it is calculated from the phases of the atomic model prior to the inclusion of the Syt-II peptide (using a lower resolution diffraction data

  6. 18Mg

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mg Ground-State Decay Evaluated Data Measured Ground-State Γcm(T1/2) for 18Mg Adopted value: Not observed Measured Mass Excess for 18Mg Adopted value: Not observed Background 2013FO12: 18Mg; calculated binding energy of the ground state, Ep, E2p, 18C-18Mg energy difference. Potential model with spectroscopic factors from combination of weak coupling and shell-model calculation. Back to Top Back to Ground-State Decays Data Main Page Back to Datacomp Home Page Last modified: 29 April

  7. I I I . Isotherm al Multicomponent Systems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nonequilibrium C ontrib ution to the Rate o f R eaction I I I . Isotherm al Multicomponent Systems t B. S h izg a l* Department o f C hem istry, Harvard U n iv e r sity Cambridge, M assachusetts and Lorentz I n s t it u t e fo r T h e o r e tic a l P h y sics L eid en , N etherlands and M. Karplus Department o f C hem istry, Harvard U n iv e r sity Cambridge, M assachusetts ----------------------------- L E G A L N O T I C E ----------------------------- T his report w as prepared as an accou n

  8. Hanford Waste Vitrification Program process development: Melt testing subtask, pilot-scale ceramic melter experiment, run summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakaoka, R.K.; Bates, S.O.; Elmore, M.R.; Goles, R.W.; Perez, J.M.; Scott, P.A.; Westsik, J.H.

    1996-03-01

    Hanford Waste Vitrification Program (HWVP) activities for FY 1985 have included engineering and pilot-scale melter experiments HWVP-11/HBCM-85-1 and HWVP-12/PSCM-22. Major objectives designated by HWVP fo these tests were to evaluate the processing characteristics of the current HWVP melter feed during actual melter operation and establish the product quality of HW-39 borosilicate glass. The current melter feed, defined during FY 85, consists of reference feed (HWVP-RF) and glass-forming chemicals added as frit.

  9. The Crystal Structure of Human, Nicotine Metabolizing Cytochrome P450 2A6

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Crystal Structure of Human, Nicotine Metabolizing Cytochrome P450 2A6 J.K. Yano1, M.-H. Hsu1, K.J. Griffin1, C.D. Stout2, and E.F. Johnson1 1Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037 2Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037 Figure 1. Stereo views of sA-weighted 2|Fo|-|Fc| composite omit electron density maps contoured at 1 s and rendered within 1 Å of the heme and substrate for the P450

  10. app_d

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 DOE/EIS-0287 Idaho HLW & FD EIS - New Information - Document 54, INEEL Citizens Advisory Board (Stan Hobson), Idaho Falls, ID Page 1 of 9 Document 53, Public Comment Hearing, February 24, 2000, Pasco, WA Page 6 fo 6 DOE/EIS-0287 D-128 Appendix D - New Information - Document 54, INEEL Citizens Advisory Board (Stan Hobson), Idaho Falls, ID Page 2 of 9 Document 54, INEEL Citizens Advisory Board (Stan Hobson), Idaho Falls, ID Page 3 of 9 D-129 DOE/EIS-0287 Idaho HLW & FD EIS - New

  11. LA--12O48-MS DE91

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    -12O48-MS DE91 010299 I ~ I i Tm Thou.mwl Yews of Solitude? 0)1 llzfuhwh!lll Illfrlwiml i)ffo fhc Wmtefsolfltiwl Pilot Project Rqwsitory GrL~gor!/B L')/fo)"(i* Craig W. Kirhood** HmwjOfwf7y Marfit~/. Pmquak!!i+ ~~~~n~~~~L..Al...s.Me. M.xico 87541 L A N L % D I O T D I U E Table of Contents Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. D O . . . . . . . . . . . ...ooOO.OO..OOOOO"OO".OO """"."" 'ti 1. Introduction . .

  12. FOA for the Demonstration of an Integrated Biorefinery System: POET Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Liberty, LLC | Department of Energy POET Project Liberty, LLC FOA for the Demonstration of an Integrated Biorefinery System: POET Project Liberty, LLC FOA for the Demonstration of an Integrated Biorefinery System: POET Project Liberty, LLC. PDF icon Award No. DE-FC36-07GO17026, Part 1 PDF icon Award No. DE-FC36-07GO17026, Part 2 PDF icon Technology Investment Agreement (TIA) Award No. DE-FO36-08GO18121 More Documents & Publications FOA for the Demonstration of an Integrated Biorefinery

  13. Impact Evaluation Framework for Technology Deployment Programs: An Overview and Example

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    _______________________ An Overview and Example John H. Reed Innovologie LLC Gretchen Jordan Sandia National Laboratories Edward Vine Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory July 2007 IMPACT EVALUATION FRAMEWORK FOR TECHNOLOGY DEPLOYMENT PROGRAMS An ap pro ach fo r q u anti fyi ng ret ro sp ect ive en erg y savin gs, cl ean en erg y ad van ces, an d m ark et eff ect s Introduction and Background The document briefly describes a framework for evaluating the "ret- rospective" impact of

  14. Microsoft Word - P450-2A6.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Highlight -November 2005 Figure 1. Stereo views of σ A -weighted 2|Fo|-|Fc| composite omit electron density maps contoured at 1σ and rendered within 1 Å of the heme and substrate for the P450 2A6 (a) coumarin or (b) methoxsalen complexes. Coumarin and methoxsalen are stabilized by hydrogen bonding with Asn297, which places the carbon atom to be oxidized 3.2 ± 0.13 Å (coumarin) or 3.8 ± 0.09 Å (methoxsalen) from the heme iron. The distances are shown as a red dotted line and the

  15. Microsoft Word - WIPPSouthAccess.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    D tr to C aw T w fo R c a V C U.S. D Carls Waste P.O. B Carls CARLS Department ravelled roa WIPP's o the interse Constructors warded the TRU Solutio "This who can now or travelers The rec Reinvestme leanup acti llotted to W Vallecitos N California. U Department bad Field Of e Isolation P Box 3090 bad, New M SBAD, N.M of Energy's ad is used b s South Acc ection with s Inc., a sou e $4.4 millio ons (WTS), project com w use the S ," said Actin construction nt Act (ARR vities acros WIPP

  16. untitled

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CALIFOREGTIA Radiation Laboratory Contract NO, W-7405-eng-48 THE PATH O F CARBON I N PHOTOSYNTHF;SIS, X V I I Z THE IDENTIFICATION OF NUCLEOTIDE C O m m S J. G. Buchanan, V . 9, Lynch, A, A, Benson M, Calvin and D o F, Bradley Berkeley, California TIU PATH OF CARBON IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS, XBIII ~m ~IUIFIGATION OF NLTCUOTIDE COENZYMES" *I 6. G , Buchanan, Be Ho Lynchp A . A . Benson, M, Calvin and Do Fo Bradley Radiation Laboratory and Department of Chemistry Univepsity of Cdif ornia Berkeley,

  17. Ca rlsbad Field Office

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    En ergy Ca rlsbad Field Office P. O . Box 3090 Carlsbad , New Mexico 88221 AUG 2 9 2013 Mr. John E. Kieling , Chief Hazardous Waste Bureau New Mexico Environment Department 2905 Rodeo Park Drive East, Building 1 Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505-6303 Subject: Notification of Class 1 Permit Modification to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Hazardous Waste Facility Permit Number: NM4890139088-TSDF Dear Mr. Kieling: Enclosed is a Class 1 Permit Modification Notification for the fo ll owing items: * Revise a

  18. Carlsbad Field Office

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Carlsbad , New Mexico 88221 MAY 4 2011 Mr. Steve Zappe, Project Leader Hazardous Materials Bureau New M exico Environment Department 2905 Rodeo Park Drive East, Building 1 Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505-6303 Subject: Tran smittal of Recertification Audit Report A-11-08 for th e ORNLlCCP Dear Mr. Zappe: This letter transmits the Recertification Audit Report fo r the Oak Ridge National Lab oratory Central Cha racterization Project (O RNLlCCP) Aud it A-11-08 of the processes performed to cha racterize

  19. A=14O (1991AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    91AJ01) (See Energy Level Diagrams for 14O) GENERAL: See also (1986AJ01) and Table Prev. Table 14.22 preview 14.22 [Table of Energy Levels] (in PDF or PS) here. Nuclear models: (1985BA75, 1987BL15). Electromagnetic transitions: (1989RA16, 1989SP01). Astrophysical questions: (1985TA1A, 1987RA1D). Applied work: (1989AR1J). Complex reactions involving 14O: (1987PE1C, 1988ST1D, 1989BA92, 1989DR03, 1989KI13). Reactions involving pions (See also reactions 5 and 7.): (1986BA1C, 1986BO1N, 1986FO06,

  20. A hybrid method for quasi-three-dimensional slope stability analysis in a municipal solid waste landfill

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, L.; Batlle, F.

    2011-12-15

    Highlights: > A quasi-three-dimensional slope stability analysis method was proposed. > The proposed method is a good engineering tool for 3D slope stability analysis. > Factor of safety from 3D analysis is higher than from 2D analysis. > 3D analysis results are more sensitive to cohesion than 2D analysis. - Abstract: Limited space for accommodating the ever increasing mounds of municipal solid waste (MSW) demands the capacity of MSW landfill be maximized by building landfills to greater heights with steeper slopes. This situation has raised concerns regarding the stability of high MSW landfills. A hybrid method for quasi-three-dimensional slope stability analysis based on the finite element stress analysis was applied in a case study at a MSW landfill in north-east Spain. Potential slides can be assumed to be located within the waste mass due to the lack of weak foundation soils and geosynthetic membranes at the landfill base. The only triggering factor of deep-seated slope failure is the higher leachate level and the relatively high and steep slope in the front. The valley-shaped geometry and layered construction procedure at the site make three-dimensional slope stability analyses necessary for this landfill. In the finite element stress analysis, variations of leachate level during construction and continuous settlement of the landfill were taken into account. The 'equivalent' three-dimensional factor of safety (FoS) was computed from the individual result of the two-dimensional analysis for a series of evenly spaced cross sections within the potential sliding body. Results indicate that the hybrid method for quasi-three-dimensional slope stability analysis adopted in this paper is capable of locating roughly the spatial position of the potential sliding mass. This easy to manipulate method can serve as an engineering tool in the preliminary estimate of the FoS as well as the approximate position and extent of the potential sliding mass. The result that FoS obtained from three-dimensional analysis increases as much as 50% compared to that from two-dimensional analysis implies the significance of the three-dimensional effect for this study-case. Influences of shear parameters, time elapse after landfill closure, leachate level as well as unit weight of waste on FoS were also investigated in this paper. These sensitivity analyses serve as the guidelines of construction practices and operating procedures for the MSW landfill under study.

  1. United States Government Department of Energy DATE:

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    kE FJ325.8 d& * 9 -1 . (8-89) ZFG fO7440 1 United States Government Department of Energy DATE: DEC 2 3 :gg3 REPLY TO ATTN OF: EM-421 (W. A. Williams, 903-8149) SUBJECT: Elimination of the Sites from the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program TO: The File I have reviewed the attached site summaries and elimination recommendations for the following sites: e l Mitts & Merrel Co., Saginaw, Michigan l North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina l National Smelt &

  2. The Phylogenetic Signature Underlying ATP Synthase c-Ring Compliance

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Pandini, Alessandro; Kleinjung, Jens; Taylor, Willie R.; Junge, Wolfgang; Khan, Shahid

    2015-09-01

    The proton-driven ATP synthase (FOF1) is comprised of two rotary, stepping motors (FO and F1) coupled by an elastic power transmission. The elastic compliance resides in the rotor module that includes the membrane-embedded FO c-ring. Proton transport by FO is firmly coupled to the rotation of the c-ring relative to other FO subunits (ab2). It drives ATP synthesis. We used a computational method to investigate the contribution of the c-ring to the total elastic compliance. We performed principal component analysis of conformational ensembles built using distance constraints from the bovine mitochondrial c-ring x-ray structure. Angular rotary twist, the dominant ringmore » motion, was estimated to show that the c-ring accounted in part for the measured compliance. Ring rotation was entrained to rotation of the external helix within each hairpin-shaped c-subunit in the ring. Ensembles of monomer and dimers extracted from complete c-rings showed that the coupling between collective ring and the individual subunit motions was independent of the size of the c-ring, which varies between organisms. Molecular determinants were identified by covariance analysis of residue coevolution and structural-alphabet-based local dynamics correlations. The residue coevolution gave a readout of subunit architecture. The dynamic couplings revealed that the hinge for both ring and subunit helix rotations was constructed from the proton-binding site and the adjacent glycine motif (IB-GGGG) in the midmembrane plane. IB-GGGG motifs were linked by long-range couplings across the ring, while intrasubunit couplings connected the motif to the conserved cytoplasmic loop and adjacent segments. The correlation with principal collective motions shows that the couplings underlie both ring rotary and bending motions. Noncontact couplings between IB-GGGG motifs matched the coevolution signal as well as contact couplings. The residue coevolution reflects the physiological importance of the dynamics that may link proton transfer to ring compliance.« less

  3. I

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    _. ..' 'October Behnke Warehbusing'Incorporated t d:~x~rM:lt~,~fo~:~~~r Corp.1 P. '0. Box 2102 8.. # c 'Battle Creek, MI 49016' 7, ' 1994 I .;I", m,y +I\. ~' , I,' . I I~' _ 'SUBJECT: RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY.INSPECTION (REPORT'NO. 99%90003/94056) 'Dear, Mr.. Behnke: This refers'to~'the special inspection,'conducted by Messrs. William Snell and i Mike Kurth on September 26; 1994, of the facility formerly occupied.by the: Oliver Corporation, located at 433 East Michigan Avenue, Battle Creek,

  4. Catalyst for elemental sulfur recovery process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Flytzani-Stephanopoulos, M.; Liu, W.

    1995-01-24

    A catalytic reduction process is described for the direct recovery of elemental sulfur from various SO[sub 2]-containing industrial gas streams. The catalytic process provides high activity and selectivity, as well as stability in the reaction atmosphere, for the reduction of SO[sub 2] to elemental sulfur product with carbon monoxide or other reducing gases. The reaction of sulfur dioxide and reducing gas takes place over a metal oxide composite catalyst having one of the following empirical formulas: [(FO[sub 2])[sub 1[minus]n](RO)[sub n

  5. Petroleum marketing monthly, October 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-10-07

    The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase prices, the f.o b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

  6. Interoffice Memorandum TO File Subject Granite City PRAR Data

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    : .' . .Y-" ._ ; / Bechfel / / Interoffice Memorandum TO File Subject Granite City PRAR Data Copies to M. Kaye B. Stanley J. Wood The fo$lowing data packages contain the post-remedial action sampling data, waste management data, and health and safety data that were reported in the Granite City PRAR. File No. Date Frolll Of At I UOLJU 7330 September 9, 1993 S. B. Hill FUSRAP E&T .' Oak Ridge Ext. 6-5211 D-15056 6-23-93 Direct and transferable contamination survey of betatron room with

  7. Assessment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Assessment of the Surveillance Program of the High-Level Waste Storage Tanks at Hanford :.~I LALI i~E REJ 163 ROOM 1t 4 F77L.~ ~ -_77 .:earmn OfEeg Asitn Sertr fo niomn 4 z. r _________ rment of the Surveilance Prograrn of the High-Level Storage- Tanks at Hanford P. E WOOD Robert J. Catln, Deputy Directat - Office of Environmental Compliance and Overview Office of Environment MARCH 1980 Report to the U.S. Departrent of Energy Assistant Secretary for Environment Washkngon, DC C March 27, 1980

  8. Passivation of deep level states caused by misfit dislocations in InGaAs on patterned GaAs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matragrano, M.J.; Watson, G.P.; Ast, D.G. ); Anderson, T.J.; Pathangey, B. )

    1993-03-22

    Deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS) and cathodoluminescence (CL) were used to study the hydrogen passivation of misfit dislocations in In[sub 0.06]Ga[sub 0.94]As/GaAs heterostructures. The CL observations indicate that hydrogen plasma exposure passivates most, but not all, of the dark line defects existing in the specimen prior to hydrogenation. The concentration of deep level defect states that cannot be passivated is below the detection limit of the DLTS instrument (approximately 4[times]10[sup 12] cm[sup [minus]3]). We find the passivation is stable after anneals at temperatures as high as 600 [degree]C, indicating that hydrogen passivation of misfit dislocations is at least as stable as that of the isolated point defect studied previously with DLTS [W. C. Dautremont-Smith, J. C. Nabity, V. Swaminathan, M. Stavola, J. Chevalier, C. W. Tu, and S. J. Pearton, Appl. Phys. Lett. [bold 49] 1098 (1986)].

  9. F in al T echn ical R e p o r t for D E -F G 0 2 -0 5 E R 5

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    al T echn ical R e p o r t for D E -F G 0 2 -0 5 E R 5 4 8 3 1 L ab oratory S tu d ie s o f D y n a m o s R eport subm itted: November 6, 2014 Principal Investigator: Professor Cary Forest G rant Period: July 15, 2005 to July 14, 2014 Institution: Board of Regents of the University of W isconsin System th a t the same type of circuit may be achieved in a flowing conduct- ing fluid such as a liquid m etal in the case of planetary dynamos or a plasm a in the case of astrophysical dynamos. The

  10. 102940_EEREcoloringbook_spanish.indd

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    folleto para colorear ENERGÍA HIDRÁULICA ENERGÍA SOLAR TU CASA ENERGÍA GEOTÉRMICA BIOENERGÍA ENERGÍA EÓLICA ¡Forma parte de la nueva generación en energía limpia! ponte en onda Energía limpia puede venir del sol. 2 Energía en el viento puede producir electricidad. Nosotros podemos crear energía con el movimiento del agua. Bioenergía viene de plantas que podemos convertir a combustibles. Leña Trocitos de madera Paja Maíz Pastos Altos Podemos usar energía de la tierra para

  11. S

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    )s . l * q 4 S Q . M E M O R A N D U M D A T E S U B J E C T t O W N E R ( S ) -w---w-- P a m t x _----------------------- Currltnt t -------------------------- O w n e r - contacted r ~ yes 0 no; if yc)~, d a tr contacted ----------w-w T Y P E O F O P E R A T IO N H --w------v--- @ search & Devel a p m e n t 0 Facility T y p m < = Production scale testing 0 P ilot S c a l e 0 B e n c h S c a l e P r o c e s s 0 T h e o r e tical S tu d i e s Cl S a m p le & Analysis Mrnuf acturi n g

  12. Research News TEMPLATE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Revealing Secrets Locked in the Ice page 3 the ENERGY lab NATIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY From NETL's Office of Research & Development - October 2014, Issue 1 Researchnews Science & Engineering To Power Our Future 2 FE AT U RE ST O RY : R e v e a li n g S e c re ts L o c k e d in th e Ic e pa ge 3 Fr om NE TL 's O ffi ce of Re se ar ch & De ve lo pm en t - O ct ob er 20 14 , Iss ue 1 R e s e a r c h n e w s Sc ien ce & En gi ne er in g To Po we r Ou r Fu tu re Contents

  13. Magmatic tritium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goff, F.; Aams, A.I.; McMurtry, G.M.; Shevenell, L.; Pettit, D.R.; Stimac, J.A.; Werner, C.

    1997-07-01

    This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Detailed geochemical sampling of high-temperature fumaroles, background water, and fresh magmatic products from 14 active volcanoes reveal that they do not produce measurable amounts of tritium ({sup 3}H) of deep origin (<0.1 T.U. or <0.32 pCi/kg H{sub 2}O). On the other hand, all volcanoes produce mixtures of meteoric and magmatic fluids that contain measurable {sup 3}H from the meteoric end-member. The results show that cold fusion is probably not a significant deep earth process but the samples and data have wide application to a host of other volcanological topics.

  14. APEX accelerator cycle for transmutation of long-lived fission wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Powell, J; Steinberg, M; Takahashi, H; Grand, P; Botts, T; Kouts, H J.C.

    1980-01-01

    Based on preliminary studies, some conclusions can be drawn concerning the Accelerator Fuel Enricher and Fission Product Exterminator (APEX). APEX-1 and APEX-2 systems can destroy TU's, /sup 137/Cs, and /sup 90/Sr at acceptable cost and efficiency. The principal difference between APEX-1 and APEX-2 is the in-reactor and in-circuit inventory of /sup 137/Cs and /sup 90/Sr. Stable and low hazard wastes can be disposed of by burial. Accelerator breeders can effectively sustain a fission reactor economy indefinitely. Military waste can be blended into commercial fuel cycle for transmutation. Accelerator and target technologies appear practical and could be developed in a few years. More detailed studies are needed to better define the technical and economic features of the LAFER and APEX cycles, so that comparative assessments can be made between these cycles, as well as with other transmutation and waste disposal concepts.

  15. FORMERLY UTILIZED SITES REMEDIAL ACTION PROGRAM ELIMINATION REPORT

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    WINCHESTER ENGINEERING AND ANALYTICAL CENTER (NORTHEASTERN RADIOLOGICAL HEALTH LABORATORY) WINCHESTER, MASSACHUSE'ITS Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy Office of Remedial Action and Waste Technology Division of Facility and Site Decommissioning Projects . . I . I C O N T E N T S IN T R O D U C T IO N B A C K G R O U N D S i te F u n c ti o n S i te D e s c ri p ti o n R a d i o l o g i c a l H i s to ry a n d S ta tu s E L IM IN A T IO N A N A L Y S IS R E F E R E N C E S - P a g e 1

  16. Thermodynamic Development of Corrosion Rate Modeling in Iron Phosphate Glasses

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    72 Fluoride-Salt-Cooled High- Temperature Reactor (FHR) for Power and Process Heat Reactor Concepts Integrated Research Project Dr. Charles Forsberg M a s s a c h u s e t t s In s ti tu te o f Te c h n o lo g y In collaboration with: University o f California, Berkeley University o f W is c ons in , M a d i s o n W e s t i n g h o u s e Electric C o m p a n y Tom O' Co nn e r, Federal ROC J a n e ll e Z a m o r e , Stu Maloy, a n d David H olc o m b , Technical POCs A d v a n c e d N u c l e a r

  17. Heat transfer of R-134a in single-tube spray evaporation including lubricant effects and enhanced surface results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moeykens, S.A.; Huebsch, W.W.; Pate, M.B.

    1995-08-01

    Single-tube spray evaporation experimental tests were conducted in order to evaluate the average wall heat transfer coefficients for seven different commercially available tubes. Liquid film supply rates were held constant in order to evaluate the effects of the enhancement on shell-side heat transfer under similar conditions. Because the spray evaporation phenomenon is so different from pool boiling, both condensation-type and evaporation-type enhanced surfaces were evaluated. A comparison of the results for all of the tubes showed that the enhanced condensation surfaces performed better than the enhanced boiling surfaces. In addition, the 26-fpi surface tested marginally better than the 40-fpi surface. Small concentrations of a polyol-ester lubricant cause a foaming effect that increases the heat transfer performance. This tendency was seen with both 32-cs and 68-cs polyol-ester oils. The 68-cs lubricant was tested at concentrations of 0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 3.0, and 5.0 with the W-40 fpi and Tu-Cii surfaces. Results with this lubricant show the performance continues to increase through the 3% concentration for most of the heat flux range tested At the upper end of the range tested, the 1.0% mass fraction yielded the best performance. The 32-cs lubricant generated trends similar to those of the 68-cs lubricant. Lubricant concentrations of 1.0%, 2.0%, and 3.0% were evaluated with plain, W-40 fpi, and Tu-Cii surfaces. The 2.0% concentration, not the 1.0 %, generated the best performance at the highest heat flux tested. This difference must be attributed to the difference in the lubricant viscosity.

  18. Optical/electrical correlations in ZnO: the plasmonic resonance phase diagram

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Look, David C.; Droubay, Timothy C.; Chambers, Scott A.

    2013-08-05

    Following the Drude model for dielectric constant, ?(E) = ??(E) + i???(E), the plasmonic resonance energy Eres in a semiconductor depends on four parameters: ??(?) (or ??) , effective mass m*, optical mobility opt, and optical carrier concentration nopt. By solving the Drude equation at ?(Eres) = 0, we obtain a relationship between opt and nopt at constant Eres [or wavelength ?res(m) = 1.2395/Eres(eV)]. A family of opt vs nopt curves covering a range of ?res values (including the limiting wavelength ?res = ?) constitute a plasmonic resonance phase diagram (PRPD) for a semiconductor defined by only ?? and m*. The PRPD is a convenient instrument that allows an immediate prediction of ?res from Hall-effect measurements of H and nH. Furthermore, if the H/nH point falls outside the family of opt vs nopt curves, it shows that no resonance at all is possible. We apply the PRPD analysis to a series of ten ZnO samples grown by pulsed laser deposition at 200 ?C in an ambient of 33%H2:67%Ar and annealed in 25-?C steps for 10 min in air at various temperatures from 400 ?C to 600 ?C. The unannealed sample had a resistivity ? = 1.67 x 10-4 ?-cm, n = 1.39 x 1021 cm-3, and = 26.8 cm2/V-s, and the 600-?C sample, ? = 1.52 ?-cm, n = 5.03 x 1017 cm-3, and = 8.2 cm2/V-s. Each of the ten H/nH points was plotted on the PRPD. For the samples that were annealed at 550 ?C or lower, the H/nH points yielded predicted values of ?res that ranged from 1.07 to 2.80 m, respectively; however, the 575-?C and 600-?C samples were predicted to have no resonances at all. Reflectance curves for the eight samples annealed up to 550 ?C de-creased slowly from 6 eV down to about 1 eV, and then increased rapidly at an energy evidently close to Eres. In contrast, there was no such increase for the 575-?C and 600-?C samples, and thus presumably, no resonance. Satisfactory agreement is found between the reflectance and Hall-effect-predicted values of ?res.

  19. Experiment summary for n/y attenuation through materials (Environments 1A).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DePriest, Kendall Russell

    2006-05-01

    The Radiation Effects Sciences (RES) program is responsible for conducting Neutron Gamma Energy Transport (NuGET) code validation. In support of this task, a series of experiments were conducted in the annular core research reactor (ACRR) to investigate the modification of the incident neutron/gamma environment by aluminum (Al6061) and high-density polyethylene (HDPE) spheres with 4-in and 7-in-diameter. The experiment series described in this report addresses several NuGET validation concerns. The validation experiment series also addresses the design and execution of proper reactor testing to match the hostile radiation environments and to match the component stresses that arise from the hostile radiation environments. This report summarizes the RES Validation: n/{gamma} Attenuation through Materials, Environments 1A, experiments conducted at the ACRR in FY 2003 using ACRR Experiment Plans 933 and 949.

  20. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.4 Residential Environmental Data

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    1 Carbon Dioxide Emissions for U.S. Residential Buildings, by Year (Million Metric Tons) (1) Residential U.S. Site Res.% Res.% Fossil Electricity Total Total of Total U.S. of Total Global 1980 385 525 909 4723 19% 4.9% 1981 361 518 878 4601 19% 4.8% 1982 359 511 870 4357 20% 4.8% 1983 340 525 865 4332 20% 4.7% 1984 349 535 883 4561 19% 4.6% 1985 351 549 901 4559 20% 4.6% 1986 343 551 894 4564 20% 4.5% 1987 346 574 920 4714 20% 4.5% 1988 367 603 970 4939 20% 4.6% 1989 374 606 980 4983 20% 4.6%