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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Changing forms and sudden smooth transitions of tsunami waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Changing forms and sudden smooth transitions of tsunami waves R. H. J. Grimshaw1 , J. C. R. Hunt1 Engineering, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong August 14, 2014 Abstract In some tsunami waves travelling over" wave. Shallow water theory shows that the latter travels faster than the former and, according

2

TSUNAMI BENCHMARK RESULTS FOR FULLY NONLINEAR BOUSSINESQ WAVE MODEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TSUNAMI BENCHMARK RESULTS FOR FULLY NONLINEAR BOUSSINESQ WAVE MODEL FUNWAVE-TVD, VERSION 1 of the Boussinesq model FUNWAVE- TVD, carried out in conjunction with the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program.3 Conservative form of fully nonlinear Boussinesq equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.4 Numerical schemes

Kirby, James T.

3

Energy of tsunami waves generated by bottom motion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy of tsunami waves generated by bottom motion By Denys Dutykh, Fr´ed´eric Dias CMLA, ENS investigation on the energy of waves generated by bottom motion is performed here. We start with the full for the linearized water wave equations. Exchanges between potential and kinetic energies are clearly revealed

Boyer, Edmond

4

VARIATIONAL BOUSSINESQ MODEL FOR SIMULATION OF COASTAL WAVES AND TSUNAMIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 VARIATIONAL BOUSSINESQ MODEL FOR SIMULATION OF COASTAL WAVES AND TSUNAMIS DIDIT ADYTIA E. VAN, Enschede, Netherlands In this paper we describe the basic ideas of a so-called Variational Boussinesq Model the background of a Variational Boussinesq Model (VBM) and a finite element implementation for coastal waves

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

5

Influence of coastal vegetation on the 2004 tsunami wave impact in west Aceh  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...coastal vegetation . Science 310 : 643 . 3 Tanaka...Experience of the recent Indian Ocean tsunami...defense against the recent tsunami? Curr Biol 15 : R443...killer tsunamis . Science 326 : 1188 1189...thank the German Aerospace Center...uses to the wave advance. Applying a spatial...

Juan Carlos Laso Bayas; Carsten Marohn; Gerd Dercon; Sonya Dewi; Hans Peter Piepho; Laxman Joshi; Meine van Noordwijk; Georg Cadisch

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Constraining the characteristics of tsunami waves from deformable submarine slides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......viscous effect at the chosen grid scale can be neglected. For...measured deposits, given the grid resolution. 4 RESULTS 4...Fritz H. M., Wunnemann K. Hybrid modeling of the mega-tsunami...to directly destroy offshore infrastructure, and, if a tsunami is generated......

Robert Weiss; Sebastian Krastel; Andreas Anasetti; Kai Wnnemann

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Energy of tsunami waves generated by bottom motion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...well known. What is new to our knowledge is...an insight into the energy states in a shock...Boussinesq equations with energy. We are also grateful...63-94. Geo Sciences. New York, NY: Springer...1970Tsunami source, energy and the directivity...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

An Indian Ocean tsunami triggered remotely by an onshore earthquake in Balochistan, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...s11069-011-9854-0. Okal, E.A. , Fritz, H.M., Raad, P.E., Synolakis, C., Al-Shijbi, Y., and Al-Saifi, M., 2006, Oman field survey of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami: Earthquake Spectra, v. 22, S3, p. 203-218, doi...

Gsta Hoffmann; Sultan Al-Yahyai; Ghazala Naeem; Mareike Kociok; Christoph Grtzner

9

The Indian Ocean tsunami of December 26, 2004: observations in Sri Lanka and Thailand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On December 26, 2004 a great earthquake (M W 9.3) occurred off the western coast of Sumatra triggering a series of tsunami waves that propagated across the Indian Ocean causing damage and life los...

T. Rossetto; N. Peiris; A. Pomonis; S. M. Wilkinson; D. Del Re; R. Koo

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

THE FORCE OF A TSUNAMI ON A WAVE ENERGY CONVERTER LAURA O'BRIEN, PAUL CHRISTODOULIDES, EMILIANO RENZI, DENYS DUTYKH,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE FORCE OF A TSUNAMI ON A WAVE ENERGY CONVERTER LAURA O'BRIEN, PAUL CHRISTODOULIDES, EMILIANO in the open ocean but as the wave approaches the shore its energy is com­ pressed creating large destructive waves. The question posed here is whether a nearshore wave energy converter (WEC) could withstand

11

THE FORCE OF A TSUNAMI ON A WAVE ENERGY CONVERTER LAURA O'BRIEN, PAUL CHRISTODOULIDES, EMILIANO RENZI, DENYS DUTYKH,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE FORCE OF A TSUNAMI ON A WAVE ENERGY CONVERTER LAURA O'BRIEN, PAUL CHRISTODOULIDES, EMILIANO in the open ocean but as the wave approaches the shore its energy is com- pressed creating large destructive waves. The question posed here is whether a nearshore wave energy converter (WEC) could withstand

Boyer, Edmond

12

Ionospheric detection of gravity waves induced by tsunamis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......waves in the atmosphere, because...ionospheric plasma through different...hour and larger scales than...and 0.5 mHz, corresponding...couple with atmospheric gravity wave...ionospheric plasma at high altitude...ionosphere over large areas, in particular...description of the atmospheric-ionospheric......

Juliette Artru; Vesna Ducic; Hiroo Kanamori; Philippe Lognonn; Makoto Murakami

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

The VOLNA code for the numerical modelling of tsunami waves: generation, propagation and inundation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel tool for tsunami wave modelling is presented. This tool has the potential of being used for operational purposes: indeed, the numerical VOLNA code is able to handle the complete life-cycle of a tsunami (generation, propagation and run-up along the coast). The algorithm works on unstructured triangular meshes and, thus, can be run in arbitrary complex domains. It is often the case since natural coasts tend to be of fractal shape [Sapoval et al, 2004]. This paper contains the detailed description of the finite volume scheme implemented in the code. We explain the numerical treatment of the wet/dry transition. This point is crucial for accurate run-up computation. Most existing tsunami codes use semi-empirical techniques at this stage, which are not always sufficient. The main reason is that people evacuation is decided on the base of inundation maps which are produced with this type of numerical tools. Finally we present several realistic test cases that partially validate our algorithm. Comparisons wit...

Dutykh, Denys; Dias, Frdric

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Tsunami observations in the open ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Deep-sea tsunami measurements play a major role in understanding the physics of tsunami wave generation and propagation, and in the creation of an effective tsunami warning system. The paper provides an overvi...

A. B. Rabinovich

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Long-range triggered earthquakes that continue after the wave train passes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

continue after the wave train passes, Geophys. Res. Lett. ,that continue after the wave train passes Emily E. Brodsky 1triggered early in the wave train. First, the sequences obey

Brodsky, Emily E.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

ON THE MODELLING OF TSUNAMI GENERATION AND TSUNAMI FREDERIC DIAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

process. We also consider an unusual source for tsunami generation: the sinking of a cruise ship. Then we is sometimes less devastating than the subsequent waves. A resonance effect can boost the waves that come later. Tsunami inundation 13 3.1. Run-up amplification 14 3.2. Whirlpool like effect in tsunamis 14 4. Conclusion

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

17

Chapter 2 - Tsunami Generation and Historical Aspects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter reveals that both tsunamis and tsunami-like waves are generated as a result of various causes, such as an undersea earthquake (also known as a seaquake) rupture process or, more frequently, the secondary triggered phenomena, such as landslides and/or other geodynamic phenomena, such as rockslides, large-scale gas emissions from the seafloor, volcanic eruptions, intense atmospheric disturbances, and asteroid impacts. According to the tsunami database, seaquakes, submarine landslides, volcanic eruptions, and atmospheric disturbances have been responsible for approximately 82%, 6%, 5%, and 3%, respectively, of tsunamis. Most of the historic seaquakes (i.e., earthquakes under the seafloor) have taken place at subduction zones. The presence of a deep-water trench, such as the Aleutian trench in the Alaska-Aleutian subduction zone and the Kuril-Kamchatka trench in the Kuril-Kamchatka zone, is the main characteristic of the subduction zone. The depth at the trench axis is approximately twice as large as an average depth of the Pacific Ocean. Earthquake hypocenters are mainly located under the continental bottom slope. In this case, the opposite slope of this deep-water trench works like an optical lens for tsunami waves.

Antony Joseph

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Meteorological tsunamis on the coasts of British Columbia and Washington  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tsunami-like sea level oscillations recently recorded by tide gauges located at offshore, as well as sheltered, sites along the coasts of British Columbia (Canada) and Washington State (USA) are identified as meteorological tsunamis. The events resemble seismically generated tsunamis but have an atmospheric, rather than seismic, origin. The event of 9 December 2005 was sufficiently strong to trigger an automatic tsunami alarm, while other events generated oscillations in several ports that were potentially strong enough to cause damage to marine craft. Analysis of coincident 1-min sea level data and high-frequency atmospheric pressure data confirms that the events originated with atmospheric pressure jumps and trains of atmospheric gravity waves with amplitudes of 1.53hPa. The pronounced events of 13 July 2007 and 26 February 2008 are examined in detail. Findings reveal that the first atmospheric pressure event had a propagation speed of 24.7m/s and an azimuth of 352; the second event had a speed of 30.6m/s and an azimuth of 60. These speeds and directions are in close agreement with high-altitude geostrophic winds (the jet stream) indicating that the atmospheric disturbances generating the tsunami-like sea level oscillations are likely wind-transported perturbations rather than freely propagating atmospheric gravity waves.

R.E. Thomson; A.B. Rabinovich; I.V. Fine; D.C. Sinnott; A. McCarthy; N.A.S. Sutherland; L.K. Neil

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Tsunami Information Sources: Part 4 (With a section on impulsively generated waves by a rapid mass movement, either submerged, or into a body of water)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Indian Ocean Tsunami, December 26, 2004," Geophys. Res.Earthquake and Tsunami of December 26, 2004 - Lifelineand Tsunami on December 26, 2004," by V. Kalyanaraman,

Wiegel, Robert L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Tsunami Information Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Tsunami of December 26, 2004 Lifeline Performance,and Tsunami of December 26, 2004 Lifeline Performance,Indian Ocean Tsunami, December 26, 2004: Dr. Borrero's Notes

Wiegel, Robert L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Tsunami Information Sources: Part 4 (With a section on impulsively generated waves by a rapid mass movement, either submerged, or into a body of water)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessment), in Scientific and Technical Issues in Tsunami Hazard Assessment of Nuclear Powerand Technical Issues in Tsunami Hazard Assessment of Nuclear Powerand Technical Issues in Tsunami Hazard Assessment of Nuclear Power

Wiegel, Robert L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Tsunamis warning from space :Ionosphere seismology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ionosphere is the layer of the atmosphere from about 85 to 600km containing electrons and electrically charged atoms that are produced by solar radiation. Perturbations - layering affected by day and night, X-rays and high-energy protons from the solar flares, geomagnetic storms, lightning, drivers-from-below. Strategic for radio-wave transmission. This project discusses the inversion of ionosphere signals, tsunami wave amplitude and coupling parameters, which improves tsunami warning systems.

Larmat, Carene [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

23

Energy flux as a tool in locating tsunami secondary Kowalik Zygmunt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy flux as a tool in locating tsunami secondary sources Kowalik Zygmunt Institute Marine waves. Using these tsunami events we demonstrate that sudden changes caused by higher energy pulses in the intermittent tsunami wave trains can be assessed by energy fluxes. Therefore, to delineate the regions

Kowalik, Zygmunt

24

Interferometric and schlieren characterization of the plasmas and shock wave dynamics during laser-triggered discharge in atmospheric air  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes our efforts to reveal the underlying physics of laser-triggered discharges in atmospheric air using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer and schlieren photography. Unlike the hemispherical shock waves that are produced by laser ablation, bell-like morphologies are observed during laser-triggered discharges. Phase shifts are recovered from the interferograms at a time of 1000?ns by the 2D fast Fourier transform method, and then the values of the refractive index are deduced using the Abel inversion. An abundance of free electrons is expected near the cathode surface. The schlieren photographs visualize the formation of stagnation layers at ?600?ns in the interaction zones of the laser- and discharge-produced plasmas. Multiple reflected waves are observed at later times with the development of shock wave propagations. Estimations using the Taylor-Sedov self-similar solution indicated that approximately 45.8% and 51.9% of the laser and electrical energies are transferred into the gas flow motions, respectively. Finally, numerical simulations were performed, which successfully reproduced the main features of the experimental observations, and provided valuable insights into the plasma and shock wave dynamics during the laser-triggered discharge.

Wei, Wenfu; Li, Xingwen, E-mail: xwli@mail.xjtu.edu.cn; Wu, Jian; Yang, Zefeng; Jia, Shenli; Qiu, Aici [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Shaanxi 710049 (China)

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

25

Tsunami Information Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Power Plant," In 21st International Tsunami Symposium, IUGG XXIII General Assembly, Sapporo, Japan,

Wiegel, Robert L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Hydrochemistry and solute transport modelling to study the impact of 2004 tsunami on groundwater quality in kalpakkam southern india;.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Massive tsunami occurred on December 26 2004 triggered by a newline90 magnitude earthquake off the west coast of Sumatra killed more than newline250000 people and (more)

Sivakumar C

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Harvesting Broadband Kinetic Impact Energy from Mechanical Triggering/Vibration and Water Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(13) Although efforts in utilizing ocean wave energy could be dated back to 1890,(13) there has not been any commercial wave power farms up to now. ... This demonstrates that in addition to water wave energy harvesting our TENG also has the potential for hydrological analysis, which is a very important function for a wave energy farming system. ... Last but not least, the major component for ocean wave harvesting is the offshore wind power. ...

Xiaonan Wen; Weiqing Yang; Qingshen Jing; Zhong Lin Wang

2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

28

Indian Ocean Tsunami, 2004  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The December 26, 2004, tsunami was the most deadly ... area with about 167,000 killed. The December 26, 2004, tsunami was unusually violent, but ... being deadly. This contribution focuses on the December 26, 200...

Prof. Franck Lavigne; Dr. Raphal Paris

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Tsunami-Made Electric Current Could Offer Warning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tsunami-Made Electric Current Could Offer Warning Killer ocean waves apparently generate electric currents in the ocean that might be used to detect tsunamis quickly. By Larry O'Hanlon | Fri Jan 22, 2010 a magnetic field can induce a flow of electrons -- a.k.a. an electrical current. Ocean water is particularly

Harinarayana, T.

30

Boussinesq systems in two space dimensions over a variable bottom for the generation and propagation of tsunami waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Boussinesq systems in two space dimensions over a variable bottom for the generation.R.T.H., P.O. Box 1527, 71110 Heraklion, Greece Abstract Considered here are Boussinesq systems of equations of surface water wave theory over a variable bottom. A simplified such Boussinesq system is derived

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

31

Tsunami Information Sources: Part 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Akita Harbor) The December 26, 2004 Sumatra EarthquakeTsunami Disaster), The December 26, 2004 Sumatra Earthquakeand Tsunami of December 26, 2004 Lifeline Performance, (

Wiegel, Robert L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Tsunami Information Sources: Part 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Tsunamis of December 26, 2004 Lifeline Performance.and Tsunami of December 26, 2004 Lifeline Performance.Generation between the December 26, 2004 and March 28, 2005

Wiegel, Robert L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

TRIGGERING COLLAPSE OF THE PRESOLAR DENSE CLOUD CORE AND INJECTING SHORT-LIVED RADIOISOTOPES WITH A SHOCK WAVE. II. VARIED SHOCK WAVE AND CLOUD CORE PARAMETERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A variety of stellar sources have been proposed for the origin of the short-lived radioisotopes that existed at the time of the formation of the earliest solar system solids, including Type II supernovae (SNe), asymptotic giant branch (AGB) and super-AGB stars, and Wolf-Rayet star winds. Our previous adaptive mesh hydrodynamics models with the FLASH2.5 code have shown which combinations of shock wave parameters are able to simultaneously trigger the gravitational collapse of a target dense cloud core and inject significant amounts of shock wave gas and dust, showing that thin SN shocks may be uniquely suited for the task. However, recent meteoritical studies have weakened the case for a direct SN injection to the presolar cloud, motivating us to re-examine a wider range of shock wave and cloud core parameters, including rotation, in order to better estimate the injection efficiencies for a variety of stellar sources. We find that SN shocks remain as the most promising stellar source, though planetary nebulae resulting from AGB star evolution cannot be conclusively ruled out. Wolf-Rayet (WR) star winds, however, are likely to lead to cloud core shredding, rather than to collapse. Injection efficiencies can be increased when the cloud is rotating about an axis aligned with the direction of the shock wave, by as much as a factor of {approx}10. The amount of gas and dust accreted from the post-shock wind can exceed that injected from the shock wave, with implications for the isotopic abundances expected for a SN source.

Boss, Alan P.; Keiser, Sandra A., E-mail: boss@dtm.ciw.edu, E-mail: keiser@dtm.ciw.edu [Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution, 5241 Broad Branch Road, NW, Washington, DC 20015-1305 (United States)

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

34

Tsunami Information Sources: Part 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Power Plant," In 21st International Tsunami Symposium, IUGG XXIII General Assembly, Sapporo, Japan,

Wiegel, Robert L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Seismically generated tsunamis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...location to any other point in the open ocean follows...tsunami at any distant point with reasonable accuracy...around the rim of the Indian Ocean. -Another large...be used as gathering points by residents. They also...the aftermath of the Indian Ocean event, the National...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Seismically generated tsunamis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...models like KdV (or Boussinesq, Benjamin-Bona-Mahony (BBM), etc.) to predict...recorded in a coordinate system moving with speed...the Tsunami Warning System in the Pacific...and its cousins (Boussinesq, BBM) describe two-dimensional...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Tsunami evacuation mathematical model for the city of Padang  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tsunami is a series of wave trains which travels with high speed on the sea surface. This traveling wave is caused by the displacement of a large volume of water after the occurrence of an underwater earthquake or volcano eruptions. The speed of tsunami decreases when it reaches the sea shore along with the increase of its amplitudes. Two large tsunamis had occurred in the last decades in Indonesia with huge casualties and large damages. Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System has been installed along the west coast of Sumatra. This early warning system will give about 10-15 minutes to evacuate people from high risk regions to the safe areas. Here in this paper, a mathematical model for Tsunami evacuation is presented with the city of Padang as a study case. In the model, the safe areas are chosen from the existing and selected high rise buildings, low risk region with relatively high altitude and (proposed to be built) a flyover ring road. Each gathering points are located in the radius of approximately 1 km from the ring road. The model is formulated as an optimization problem with the total normalized evacuation time as the objective function. The constraints consist of maximum allowable evacuation time in each route, maximum capacity of each safe area, and the number of people to be evacuated. The optimization problem is solved numerically using linear programming method with Matlab. Numerical results are shown for various evacuation scenarios for the city of Padang.

Kusdiantara, R.; Hadianti, R.; Badri Kusuma, M. S.; Soewono, E. [Department of Mathematics Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia); Department of Civil Engineering Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia); Department of Mathematics Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

38

Evaluation and Numerical Simulation of Tsunami for Coastal Nuclear Power Plants of India  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent tsunami generated on December 26, 2004 due to Sumatra earthquake of magnitude 9.3 resulted in inundation at the various coastal sites of India. The site selection and design of Indian nuclear power plants demand the evaluation of run up and the structural barriers for the coastal plants: Besides it is also desirable to evaluate the early warning system for tsunami-genic earthquakes. The tsunamis originate from submarine faults, underwater volcanic activities, sub-aerial landslides impinging on the sea and submarine landslides. In case of a submarine earthquake-induced tsunami the wave is generated in the fluid domain due to displacement of the seabed. There are three phases of tsunami: generation, propagation, and run-up. Reactor Safety Division (RSD) of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Trombay has initiated computational simulation for all the three phases of tsunami source generation, its propagation and finally run up evaluation for the protection of public life, property and various industrial infrastructures located on the coastal regions of India. These studies could be effectively utilized for design and implementation of early warning system for coastal region of the country apart from catering to the needs of Indian nuclear installations. This paper presents some results of tsunami waves based on different analytical/numerical approaches with shallow water wave theory. (authors)

Sharma, Pavan K.; Singh, R.K.; Ghosh, A.K.; Kushwaha, H.S. [Bhabha Atomic Research Centre-Trombay, Mumbai 400 085 (India)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Tsunamis as geomorphic crises: Lessons from the December 26, 2004 tsunami in Lhok Nga, West Banda Aceh (Sumatra, Indonesia)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large tsunamis are major geomorphic crises, since they imply extensive erosion, sediment transport and deposition in a few minutes and over hundreds of kilometres of coast. Nevertheless, little is known about their geomorphologic imprints. The December 26, 2004 tsunami in Sumatra (Indonesia) was one of the largest and deadliest tsunamis in recorded human history. We present a description of the coastal erosion and boulder deposition induced by the 2004 tsunami in the Lhok Nga Bay, located to the West of Banda Aceh (northwest Sumatra). The geomorphological impact of the tsunami is evidenced by: beach erosion (some beaches have almost disappeared); destruction of sand barriers protecting the lagoons or at river mouths; numerous erosion escarpments typically in the order of 0.51.5m when capped by soil and more than 2m in dunes; bank erosion in the river beds (the retreat along the main river is in the order of 515m, with local retreats exceeding 30m); large scars typically 2050cm deep on slopes; dislodgement of blocks along fractures and structural ramps on cliffs. The upper limit of erosion appears as a continuous trimline at 2030m a.s.l., locally reaching 50m. The erosional imprints of the tsunami extend to 500m from the shoreline and exceed 2km along riverbeds. The overall coastal retreat from Lampuuk to Leupung was 60m (550,000m2) and locally exceeded 150m. Over 276,000m3 of coastal sediments were eroded by the tsunami along the 9.2km of sandy coast. The mean erosion rate of the beaches was ~30m3/m of coast and locally exceeded 80m3/m. The most eroded coasts were tangent to the tsunami wave train, which was coming from the southwest. The fringing reefs were not efficient in reducing the erosional impact of the tsunami. The 220 boulders measured range from 0.3 to 7.2m large (typically 0.71.5m), with weights from over 50kg up to 85t. We found one boulder, less than 1m large, at 1km from the coastline, but all the others were transported less than 450m (30m) and the moderate tsunamis (height<10m) could be their long-term impact on coastal environments.

Raphal Paris; Patrick Wassmer; Junun Sartohadi; Franck Lavigne; Benjamin Barthomeuf; Emilie Desgages; Delphine Grancher; Philippe Baumert; Franck Vautier; Daniel Brunstein; Christopher Gomez

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Instrumental vetoes for transient gravitational-wave triggers using noise-coupling models: The bilinear-coupling veto  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIGO and Virgo recently completed searches for gravitational waves at their initial target sensitivities, and soon Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo will commence observations with even better capabilities. In the search for short duration signals, such as coalescing compact binary inspirals or "burst" events, noise transients can be problematic. Interferometric gravitational-wave detectors are highly complex instruments, and, based on the experience from the past, the data often contain a large number of noise transients that are not easily distinguishable from possible gravitational-wave signals. In order to perform a sensitive search for short-duration gravitational-wave signals it is important to identify these noise artifacts, and to "veto" them. Here we describe such a veto, the bilinear-coupling veto, that makes use of an empirical model of the coupling of instrumental noise to the output strain channel of the interferometric gravitational-wave detector. In this method, we check whether the data from the output strain channel at the time of an apparent signal is consistent with the data from a bilinear combination of auxiliary channels. We discuss the results of the application of this veto on recent LIGO data, and its possible utility when used with data from Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo.

Parameswaran Ajith; Tomoki Isogai; Nelson Christensen; Rana Adhikari; Aaron B. Pearlman; Alex Wein; Alan J. Weinstein; Ben Yuan

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Tsunami Information Sources: Part 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Method for Nuclear Power Plants in Japan, by The TsunamiMethod for Nuclear Power Plants in Japan, Feb. 2002 (date atMethod for Nuclear Power Plants in Japan, Feb. 2002 (date at

Wiegel, Robert L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Tsunami Information Sources: Part 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geological Survey, CD- ROM, 2006 Tsunami Library Catalog ofU.S. Geological Survey, CD-ROM, 2006 Type 16 Flood Insurance2006: Proceedings on CD-ROM, April 21 and 22, 2006, at Menlo

Wiegel, Robert L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Tsunami versus storm surge: a brief review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The reach of a tsunami is in thousands of kilometers as can be seen in Fig.2..., which shows the coastlines affected by the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 26, 2004. Fig....

N. Nirupama

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Grain-size distributions of tsunami sediments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tsunami deposits indicate that suspended load transport is the main mechanism of movement throughout a tsunami event. Recent studies have touched on whether bed load transport is also occurring, but not seen in deposits due to the high energy nature...

Spencer, Sarah

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

45

A real two-phase submarine debris flow and tsunami  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The general two-phase debris flow model proposed by Pudasaini is employed to study subaerial and submarine debris flows, and the tsunami generated by the debris impact at lakes and oceans. The model, which includes three fundamentally new and dominant physical aspects such as enhanced viscous stress, virtual mass, and generalized drag (in addition to buoyancy), constitutes the most generalized two-phase flow model to date. The advantage of this two-phase debris flow model over classical single-phase, or quasi-two-phase models, is that the initial mass can be divided into several parts by appropriately considering the solid volume fraction. These parts include a dry (landslide or rock slide), a fluid (water or muddy water; e.g., dams, rivers), and a general debris mixture material as needed in real flow simulations. This innovative formulation provides an opportunity, within a single framework, to simultaneously simulate the sliding debris (or landslide), the water lake or ocean, the debris impact at the lake or ocean, the tsunami generation and propagation, the mixing and separation between the solid and fluid phases, and the sediment transport and deposition process in the bathymetric surface. Applications of this model include (a) sediment transport on hill slopes, river streams, hydraulic channels (e.g., hydropower dams and plants); lakes, fjords, coastal lines, and aquatic ecology; and (b) submarine debris impact and the rupture of fiber optic, submarine cables and pipelines along the ocean floor, and damage to offshore drilling platforms. Numerical simulations reveal that the dynamics of debris impact induced tsunamis in mountain lakes or oceans are fundamentally different than the tsunami generated by pure rock avalanches and landslides. The analysis includes the generation, amplification and propagation of super tsunami waves and run-ups along coastlines, debris slide and deposition at the bottom floor, and debris shock waves. It is observed that the submarine debris speed can be faster than the tsunami speed. This information can be useful for early warning strategies in the coastal regions. These findings substantially increase our understanding of complex multi-phase systems and multi-physics and flows, and allows for the proper modeling of landslide and debris induced tsunami, the dynamics of turbidity currents and sediment transport, and the associated applications to hazard mitigation, geomorphology and sedimentology.

Pudasaini, Shiva P.; Miller, Stephen A. [Department of Geodynamics and Geophysics, Steinmann Institute, University of Bonn Nussallee 8, D-53115, Bonn (Germany)

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

46

Propagation of a Tsunami wave Georges Sadaka  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this phenomena, we will consider the BBM-BBM 1 Boussinesq system [2] with a variable bottom in space and apply of the BBM-BBM Boussinesq system in 2D over a variable bottom t + · ((D + )V ) - b · D2 t = 0, Vt + + 1 2 |V/6). This system is a type of Boussinesq systems derived in [1, 5] as approximations to the three-dimensional Euler

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

47

The deficient T waves of tsunami earthquakes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......network (e.g. Rarotonga, Johnston, Christmas (Pacific Ocean), Easter, Galapagos...Soccorro, Mexico; Middleton, Alaska; and Christmas, Indian Ocean). The instrumentation...Station, relating to the Scotch Cap light station tragedy of 1946, US Coast Guard......

Emile A. Okal; Pierre-Jean Alasset; Olivier Hyvernaud; Franois Schindel

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Tsunami science before and beyond Boxing Day 2004  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...tsunami destruction in Sri Lanka. EOS. 86, 301-304...hazard mitigation. Proc. International Tsunami Symposium International Union of Geodesy and...SynolakisObservations by the International Tsunami Survey Team in Sri Lanka. Science. 308...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Tsunami Intensity Mapping Along the Coast of Tamilnadu (India) During the Deadliest Indian Ocean Tsunami of December 26, 2004  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents tsunami intensity mapping and damage patterns along the surveyed coast of Tamilnadu (India) of the deadly Indian Ocean tsunami of December 26, 2004. The tsunami caused severe damage...+ was re...

J. P. Narayan; M. L. Sharma; B. K. Maheshwari

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Run-up and Inundation Pattern Developed During the Indian Ocean Tsunami of December 26, 2004 Along the Coast of Tamilnadu (India)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The tsunami run-up, inundation and damage pattern observed along the coast of Tamilnadu (India) during the deadliest Indian Ocean tsunami of December 26, 2004 is documented in this paper. The tsunami caused severe damage and claimed many victims in the coastal areas of eleven countries, bordering the Indian Ocean. Along the coast of Indian mainland, the damage was caused by the tsunami only. Largest tsunami run-up and inundation was observed along the coast of Nagapattinam district and was about 1012 m and 3.0 km, respectively. The measured inundation data were strongly scattered in direct relationship to the morphology of the seashore and the tsunami run-up. Lowest tsunami run-up and inundation was measured along the coast of Thanjavur, Puddukkotai and Ramnathpuram districts of Tamilnadu in the Palk Strait. The presence of shadow of Sri Lanka, the interferences of direct/receded waves with the reflected waves from Sri Lanka and Maldive Islands and variation in the width of continental shelf were the main cause of large variation in tsunami run-up along the coast of Tamilnadu.

J.P. Narayan; M.L. Sharma; B.K. Maheshwari

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Calculations of turbidite deposits and tsunamis from submarine landslides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Great underwater landslides like Storegga off the Norwegian coast leave massive deposits on the seafloor and must produce enormous tsunamis. Such events have occurred on continental slopes worldwide, and continue to do so. Triggers for such slides include earthquakes, gas hydrate releases, and underwater volcanos. We have petformed a numerical study of such landslides using the multi-material compressible hydrocode Sage in order to understand the relationship between the rheology of the slide material, the configuration of the resulting deposits on the seafloor, and the tsunami that is produced. Instabilities in the fluid-fluid mixing between slide material and seawater produce vortices and swirls with sizes that depend on the rheology of the slide material. These dynamical features of the flow may be preserved as ridges when the sliding material finally stops. Thus studying the configuration of the ridges in prehistoric slides may give us measures of the circumstances under which the slide was initiated. As part of this study, we have also done a convergence test showing that the slide velocity is sensitive to the resolution adopted in the simulation, but that extrapolation to infinite resolution is possible, and can yield good velocities. We will present two-dimensional simulations of schematic underwater slides for our study of rheology, and a three-dimensional simulation in bathymetric conditions that resemble the pre-Storegga Norwegian margin.

Gisler, Galen R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Weaver, Robert P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gittings, Michael L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Isolated trigger pulse generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A trigger pulse generation system capable of delivering a multiplicity of isolated 100 kV trigger pulses with picosecond simultaneity. 2 figs.

Aaland, K.

1980-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

53

Observational analysis on the run-up height and inundation along the Andhra coast during December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 26 December 2004 earthquake with magnitude of 9.3 triggered one of the most destructive tsunamis in the Indian Ocean and caused widespread inundation and extensive damage in terms of life and property along the coasts of several Asian countries. In India, the Andaman and Nicobar group of Islands, the coastal states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala were severely affected. Post tsunami field surveys were conducted along the Andhra coast (central part of east coast of India) to assess the tsunami run-up heights and inundation. Estimation of tsunami run-up heights and inundation relative to the mean sea level were made based on the water marks on permanent structures and marks of debris on trees. Observations revealed that the Andhra coast was largely affected by the tsunami and in general the intensity of the tsunami along the Andhra coast decreased from south to north. Maximum run-up heights of 4.5m were observed in the southern parts and minimum run-up heights of 2m were observed in the northern parts of the Andhra coast. While, the distance of inundation varied from 60 to 900m along the coast. The interdependency between the tsunami run-up height and inundation with the physical setup of the shoreline has been identified. Also local features such as dunes, vegetation and steepness of beaches played vital role in reducing the impact of tsunami. Dependency of tsunami parameters on Coastal Characteristic Index (CCI) was attempted for the first time for the Indian coast. Good correlation has been observed between run-up heights, inundation and CCI. The width of the continental shelf also played a crucial role in causing damage to the coast.

K.V.K.R.K. Patnaik; S.V.V. Arun Kumar; Ch. Venkata Ramu; K.V.S.R. Prasad

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

1 Coseismic slip on the southern Cascadia megathrust 2 implied by tsunami deposits in an Oregon lake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, that solves nonlinear shallow-water wave 16 equations on unstructured grids. Our simulations of the 1700 Cascadia tsunami require 17 >12­13 m of peak slip on the southern Cascadia megathrust offshore southernlong Cascadia subduction zone where the Juan de Fuca and 39Gorda plates descend beneath North America

Goldfinger, Chris

55

Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Waves is the supporting document to the Master of Fine Arts thesis exhibition of the same title. Exhibited March 7-12 2010 in the Art and Design Gallery at the University of Kansas, Waves was comprised of a series of mixed media drawings...

LaCure, Mari Mae

2010-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

56

Numerical Simulation of the December 26, 2004: Indian Ocean Tsunami  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical Simulation of the December 26, 2004: Indian Ocean Tsunami J. Asavanant1, M. Ioualalen2, N. Kaewbanjak1, S. Grilli3, P. Watts4, and J. Kirby5 Abstract: The December 26, 2004 tsunami is one of the most

Kirby, James T.

57

After The Tsunami: Human Rights of Vulnerable Populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Sunday morning, December 26, 2004, around 8:00 a.m. localSummary The tsunami of December 26, 2004 devastatedlike the tsunami of December 26, 2004, often catch

Fletcher, Laurel; Stover, Eric; Weinstein, Harvey

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

FUNWAVE-TVD FULLY NONLINEAR BOUSSINESQ WAVE MODEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FUNWAVE-TVD FULLY NONLINEAR BOUSSINESQ WAVE MODEL WITH TVD SOLVER DOCUMENTATION AND USER'S MANUAL a new version of the fully nonlinear Boussinesq wave model (FUN- WAVE) initially developed by Kirby et of surfzone-scale optical properties in a Boussinesq model framework, and modeling of Tsunami wave in both

Kirby, James T.

59

Tsunami of December 26, 2004 on the southwest coast of India: Post-tsunami geomorphic and sediment characteristics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses the impact of the December 26, 2004 tsunami on the geomorphic features and sediment characteristics along the southwest coast of India. The data used include field observations made after the tsunami, and the inferences drawn from the satellite imagery taken before and after the tsunami. Sediment samples collected from the inner shelf, beach and estuarine environments were analyzed to understand post-tsunami changes in grain-size characteristics. The tsunami eroded and transported landwards significant volumes of distinct black sands, rich in heavy minerals, from the shelf onto the beaches of the Kerala region, and up to 500m inland of the present coast.

A.C. Narayana; R. Tatavarti; N. Shinu; A. Subeer

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

The Pattern Method for Incorporating Tidal Uncertainty Into Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Assessment (PTHA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we describe a general framework for incorporating tidal uncertainty into probabilistic tsunami hazard assessment and propose the Pattern Method and a simpler special case called the $\\Delta t$ Method as effective approaches. The general framework also covers the method developed by Mofjeld et.al in 2007 that was used for the 2009 Seaside, Oregon probabilistic study by Gonzalez et.al. We show the Pattern Method is superior to past approaches because it takes advantage of our ability to run the tsunami simulation at multiple tide stages and uses the time history of flow depth at strategic gauge locations to infer the temporal pattern of waves that is unique to each tsunami source. Combining these patterns with knowledge of the tide cycle at a particular location improves the ability to estimate the probability that a wave will arrive at a time when the tidal stage is sufficiently large that a quantity of interest such as the maximum flow depth exceeds a specified level.

Adams, Loyce M; Gonzlez, Frank I

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

E-Print Network 3.0 - asian tsunami perspectives Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Simulation of the December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami using a Higher-order Boussinesq Model Summary: Numerical Simulation of the December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami...

62

Coastal sedimentation associated with the December 26, 2004 tsunami in Lhok Nga, west Banda Aceh (Sumatra, Indonesia)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With wave heights of 30m and runups reaching 50m a.s.l. and 6km inland, the December 26, 2004 tsunami in Sumatra was one of the largest tsunamis in recorded human history. In this paper, we present a description of the event in the Lhok Nga Bay (west coast of Banda Aceh) and an interpretation of the tsunami sand deposits, mostly based upon grain-size analysis. The 3.5km long transect of Lampuuk displays two landward-fining, thinning and sorting sequences. The thickest cross-sections of the first sequence of deposits (01.5km inland) suggest a deposition by three consecutive runups (inflows) and a final backwash (return flow or outflow). From 1.5 to 3.5km inland, the record is dominated by the second and highest wave (1530m). Normally-graded couplets or triplets of layers were used to identify the runup of each wave. The topmost layers, interpreted as the backwash deposition, describe a seaward sequence of increasing mean grain-size and decreasing degree of sorting. The local effects of the topography could be identified: thickest deposits in the topographic lows (5080cm), great spatial variations in thickness and upper laminated texture when the sedimentation was limited by steep slopes, landward coarsening and very poor sorting at the wave breaking point, bimodal grain-size distributions reflecting different sources of sediments. Finally, by coupling the longitudinal and vertical trends of the 26 cross-sections, we propose a model of sediment transport and deposition in a large tsunami wave.

R. Paris; F. Lavigne; P. Wassmer; J. Sartohadi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

The Indian Ocean Tsunami of December 26, 2004  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Indian Ocean tsunami of December 26, 2004, was a natural disaster of... 1 1 The TEC was created in early 2005 and included more...

Saskia de Pee; Regina Moench-Pfanner

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Fact #723: April 16, 2012 Japan's Earthquake and Tsunami Resulted...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Automakers The 9.0 magnitude earthquake and subsequent tsunami that struck northern Japan on March 11, 2011 resulted in severe disruptions and losses for Japan's seven major...

65

Evaluation of earthquake and tsunami on JSFR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Evaluation of earthquake and tsunami on JSFR has been analyzed. For seismic design, safety components are confirmed to maintain their functions even against recent strong earthquakes. As for Tsunami, some parts of reactor building might be submerged including component cooling water system whose final heat sink is sea water. However, in the JSFR design, safety grade components are independent from component cooling water system (CCWS). The JSFR emergency power supply adopts a gas turbine system with air cooling, since JSFR does not basically require quick start-up of the emergency power supply thanks to the natural convection DHRS. Even in case of long station blackout, the DHRS could be activated by emergency batteries or manually and be operated continuously by natural convection. (authors)

Chikazawa, Y.; Enuma, Y.; Kisohara, N.; Yamano, H.; Kubo, S.; Hayafune, H. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 4002 Narita, Oarai, Higashi-ibaraki-gun, Ibaraci (Japan); Sagawa, H.; Okamura, S.; Shimakawa, Y. [Mitsubishi FBR Systems Inc., 2-34-17 Jingumae, Shibuya, Tokyo (Japan)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Tsunamis, Viscosity and the HBT Puzzle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The equation of state and bulk and shear viscosities are shown to be able to affect the transverse dynamics of a central heavy ion collision. The net entropy, along with the femtoscopic radii are shown to be affected at the 10-20% level by both shear and bulk viscosity. The degree to which these effects help build a tsunami-like pulse is also discussed.

Scott Pratt

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

67

On the validity of 2Dsurface water wave models Guido Schneider, C. Eugene Wayne  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of long waves with small amplitude. It is used in the numerical simulation of the spreading of tsunamis in the computation of the eigenmodes of Lake Constance in order to explain a documented time­periodic flooding

Wayne, Eugene

68

Experiment Indicates Sound Waves Can Trigger Quakes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

applied.More surprising still, the team found that the granular beads could store a "memory" even after the system had undergone a quake and the beads had rearranged...

69

Tsunami science before and beyond Boxing Day 2004  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...V TitovDifferences in tsunami generation between the December 26, 2004 and March 28, 2005 Sumatra earthquakes. Earth...Synolakis, C.E , and L Kong2006Runup measurements of the December 26 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Earthquake Spectra. 22...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Source Constraints and Model Simulation of the December 26, 2004, Indian Ocean Tsunami  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Source Constraints and Model Simulation of the December 26, 2004, Indian Ocean Tsunami Stéphan T ; and Philip Watts5 Abstract: The December 26, 2004 tsunami was perhaps the most devastating tsunami of tsunami generation, propagation, and coastal flooding for the December 26, 2004 event. Frequency

Grilli, Stéphan T.

71

Cygnus Trigger System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Cygnus Dual Beam Radiographic Facility consists of two radiographic sources (Cygnus 1, Cygnus 2) each with a dose rating of 4 rads at 1 m, and a 1-mm diameter spot size. The electrical specifications are: 2.25 MV, 60 kA, 60 ns. This facility is located in an underground environment at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). These sources were developed as a primary diagnostic for subcritical tests, which are single-shot, high-value events. In such an application there is an emphasis on reliability and reproducibility. A robust, low-jitter trigger system is a key element for meeting these goals. The trigger system was developed with both commercial and project-specific equipment. In addition to the traditional functions of a trigger system there are novel features added to protect the investment of a high-value shot. Details of the trigger system, including elements designed specifically for a subcritical test application, will be presented. The individual electronic components have their nominal throughput, and when assembled have a system throughput with a measured range of jitter. The shot-to-shot jitter will be assessed both individually and in combination. Trigger reliability and reproducibility results will be presented for a substantial number of shots executed at the NTS.

G. Corrow, M. Hansen, D. Henderson, C. Mitton

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Microfabricated triggered vacuum switch  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microfabricated vacuum switch is disclosed which includes a substrate upon which an anode, cathode and trigger electrode are located. A cover is sealed over the substrate under vacuum to complete the vacuum switch. In some embodiments of the present invention, a metal cover can be used in place of the trigger electrode on the substrate. Materials used for the vacuum switch are compatible with high vacuum, relatively high temperature processing. These materials include molybdenum, niobium, copper, tungsten, aluminum and alloys thereof for the anode and cathode. Carbon in the form of graphitic carbon, a diamond-like material, or carbon nanotubes can be used in the trigger electrode. Channels can be optionally formed in the substrate to mitigate against surface breakdown.

Roesler, Alexander W. (Tijeras, NM); Schare, Joshua M. (Albuquerque, NM); Bunch, Kyle (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

73

Waves in Nature, Lasers to Tsumanis and Beyond  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Waves are everywhere. Microwaves, laser beams, music, tsunamis. Electromagnetic waves emanating from the Big Bang fill the universe. Learn about the similarities and difference in all of these wavy phenomena with Ed Moses and Rick Sawicki, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists Series: Science on Saturday [10/2006] [Science] [Show ID: 11541

LLNL - University of California Television

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Triggered plasma opening switch  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A triggerable opening switch for a very high voltage and current pulse includes a transmission line extending from a source to a load and having an intermediate switch section including a plasma for conducting electrons between transmission line conductors and a magnetic field for breaking the plasma conduction path and magnetically insulating the electrons when it is desired to open the switch.

Mendel, Clifford W. (Albuquerque, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Tsunami: scientific frontiers, mitigation, forecasting and policy implications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...GEOSS). GEOSS provides an international framework to assure international compatibility and interoperability...making the hazard inherently international. The word tsunami is Japanese...63000 lives in Thailand, Sri Lanka and India (figure...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Numerical Simulation of the December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami using a Boussinesq model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical Simulation of the December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami using a Boussinesq model Philip for the December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Calculations are based on Boussinesq model FUNWAVE and are carried

Kirby, James T.

77

Impact of December 26, 2004 tsunami on the hydrobiology of Kudankulam coast, Gulf of Mannar, India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tsunami is a serious form of natural disasters that affects the coastal ecosystem. The present paper gives a comparative account of selected hydrobiological parameters of the tsunami affected Kudankulam coast ...

S. Satheesh; S. Godwin Wesley

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Modeling the 26 December 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami: Case study of impact in Thailand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,000 fatalities in 12 countries bordering the Indian Ocean basin (T. Kawata et al., The December 26, 2004 earthquake tsunami disaster of Indian Ocean. Research Group on The December 26, 2004 Earthquake Tsunami

Grilli, Stéphan T.

79

Tsunami Assessment for Risk Management at Nuclear Power Facilities in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present study focuses on evaluation of the maximum and minimum water levels caused by tsunamis as risk factors for operation and management at nuclear power facilities along the coastal area of Japan. Tsunami...

Ken Yanagisawa; Fumihiko Imamura

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Tsunami Assessment for Risk Management at Nuclear Power Facilities in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present study focuses on evaluation of the maximum and minimum water levels caused by tsunamis as risk factors for operation and management at nuclear power facilities along the coastal area of Japan. Tsunami...

Ken Yanagisawa; Fumihiko Imamura; Tsutomu Sakakiyama

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Get your Tsunami info here | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Get your Tsunami info here Get your Tsunami info here From the Science.gov search "tsunami sendai japan" Find out how the U.S. Military Gears Up to Help ... DefenseLINK Web Site Visit NOAA Center for Tsunami Research - Forecast Propagation Database See how NASA Shows Topography of Tsunami-Damaged Japan City, NASA Website S.RES.101 : A resolution expressing the sense of the Senate relating to the March 11, 2011, earthquake and tsunami in Japan.THOMAS, 112th Congress Guidance on Psychological First Aid Field Operations Guide (available in Japanese). MedlinePLUS Earthquake events Figure 1. Locations of the unit sources for pre-computed simulated earthquake events in the Propagation Database. These can be combined to provide a very fast forecast during an actual tsunami event. A WorldWideScience.org search yields:

82

Transitional relief housing for tsunami victims of Tamil Nadu, India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the wake of the recent tsunami that swept across Asia, there is a dire need to salvage and rebuild the lives and livelihoods that were swept away. The aim of this thesis project is to design and model a transitional ...

Jin, Shauna

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

2004 SUMATRA-ANDAMAN TSUNAMI SURVEYS IN THE COMORO ISLANDS AND TANZANIA AND REGIONAL TSUNAMI HAZARD FROM FUTURE SUMATRA EVENTS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Spectra , 22 , S263-S283. Okal, E.A., Fritz, H.M., Raad, P.E., Synolakis, C.E., Al-Shijbi, Y. and Al-Saifi, M. (2006b). Oman field survey after the December 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Earthquake Spectra , 22 , S203-S218. Okal...

E.A. OKAL; H.M. FRITZ; A. SLADEN

84

Slip on faults in the Imperial Valley triggered by the 4 April 2010 Mw 7.2 El MayorCucapah earthquake revealed by InSAR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Slip on faults in the Imperial Valley triggered by the 4 April 2010 Mw 7.2 El Mayor rocks [Dorsey, 2010]. Previous studies have docu- mented triggered slip on faults in the Imperial Valley of seismic waves. [3] In this study we document triggered slip on faults in the Imperial Valley associated

Fialko, Yuri

85

Coexisting rogue waves within the (2+1)-component long-waveshort-wave resonance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The coexistence of two different types of fundamental rogue waves is unveiled, based on the coupled equations describing the (2+1)-component long-waveshort-wave resonance. For a wide range of asymptotic background fields, each family of three rogue wave components can be triggered by using a slight deterministic alteration to the otherwise identical background field. The ability to trigger markedly different rogue wave profiles from similar initial conditions is confirmed by numerical simulations. This remarkable feature, which is absent in the scalar nonlinear Schrdinger equation, is attributed to the specific three-wave interaction process and may be universal for a variety of multicomponent wave dynamics spanning from oceanography to nonlinear optics.

Shihua Chen; Jose M. Soto-Crespo; Philippe Grelu

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

86

Real-Time Deep-Ocean Tsunami Measuring, Monitoring, and Reporting System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Background 2.1. Reaction to the Indian Ocean Tsunami of December 26, 2004. The 9.0 earthquake of December 26

87

Differences in tsunami generation between the December 26, 2004 and March 28, 2005 Sumatra earthquakes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Source parameters affecting tsunami generation and propagation for the M w > 9.0 December 26, 2004 and the M w ...

Eric L. Geist; Susan L. Bilek; Diego Arcas; Vasily V. Titov

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Reconstruction of Tsunami Inland Propagation on December 26, 2004 in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, through Field Investigations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the results from an extensive field data collection effort following the December 26, 2004 earthquake and tsunami in Banda Aceh...

Franck Lavigne; Raphal Paris; Delphine Grancher

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Modeling of inundation dynamics on Banda Aceh, Indonesia during the great Sumatra tsunamis December 26, 2004  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The tsunami inundation flows on Banda Aceh, Indonesia reached 5km inland during the December 26, 2004, event and devastated most of...

Gegar Prasetya; Jose Borrero; Willem de Lange; Kerry Black; Terry Healy

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Reconstruction of Tsunami Inland Propagation on December 26, 2004 in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, through Field Investigations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the results from an extensive field data collection effort following the December 26, 2004 earthquake and tsunami in Banda Aceh...

Franck Lavigne; Raphal Paris

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Fast quantum dot single photon source triggered at telecommunications wavelength  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate a quantum dot single photon source at 900 nm triggered at 300 MHz by a continuous wave telecommunications wavelength laser followed by an electro-optic modulator. The quantum dot is excited by on-chip-generated second harmonic radiation, resonantly enhanced by a GaAs photonic crystal cavity surrounding the InAs quantum dot. Our result suggests a path toward the realization of telecommunications-wavelength-compatible quantum dot single photon sources with speeds exceeding 1 GHz.

Kelley Rivoire; Sonia Buckley; Arka Majumdar; Hyochul Kim; Pierre Petroff; Jelena Vuckovic

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

This map shows seven earthquake-generated tsunami events in the United States from the years 900 to 1964. The earthquakes that caused these tsunamis are: Prince William Sound,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the December 26, 2005, Indian Ocean tsunami, lies crumpled in a building in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. (USGS photo/Guy Gelfenbaum) Following the December 26, 2005, Indian Ocean tsunami, debris and standing water are the only

93

Numerical Simulation of the December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami using a Higher-order Boussinesq Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical Simulation of the December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami using a Higher-order Boussinesq of the tsunami, with a higher-order Boussinesq model. We find reasonable agreement of numerical results

Grilli, Stéphan T.

94

Asthma Triggers Connecting Your World  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to plastics, cleaning chemicals, perfumed aerosols and other airborne volatile organic compounds (VOCs prototyped Asthma Triggers, a wireless sensor that scans the air for harmful chemicals and alerts users so with ZigBee wireless connectivity, builds on the ActuariusTM and the VitalSpanTM gateway cloud platform

Fisher, Kathleen

95

A Hardware Track Trigger (FTK) for the ATLAS Trigger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The design and studies of the performance for the ATLAS hardware Fast TracKer (FTK) are presented. The existing trigger system of the ATLAS experiment is deployed to reduce the event rate from the bunch crossing rate of 40 MHz to load on the High Level trigger (HLT) system, both due to the need for more sophisticated algorithms to reject background, and from the larger data volumes that will need to be processed. The Fast TracKer is a custom electronics system that will operate at the full Level-1 accepted rate of 100 KHz and provide high quality tracks at the beginning of processing in the HLT. This will be performing by track reconstruction using hardware with massive parallelism using associative memories (AM) and FPGAs. The availability of the full...

Zhang, J; The ATLAS collaboration

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Observations and Modeling of the August 27, 2012 Earthquake and Tsunami affecting El Salvador and Nicaragua  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observations and Modeling of the August 27, 2012 Earthquake and Tsunami affecting El Salvador Mw = 7.3 earthquake occurred off the coast of El Salvador and generated surprisingly large local Salvador and northern Nicara- gua. The tsunami reached a maximum height of *6 m with inundation of up

Lynett, Patrick

97

Sequentially pulsed traveling wave accelerator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sequentially pulsed traveling wave compact accelerator having two or more pulse forming lines each with a switch for producing a short acceleration pulse along a short length of a beam tube, and a trigger mechanism for sequentially triggering the switches so that a traveling axial electric field is produced along the beam tube in synchronism with an axially traversing pulsed beam of charged particles to serially impart energy to the particle beam.

Caporaso, George J. (Livermore, CA); Nelson, Scott D. (Patterson, CA); Poole, Brian R. (Tracy, CA)

2009-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

98

A New Perspective on the Excitation of Low-Tropospheric Mixed RossbyGravity Waves in Association with Energy Dispersion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the synoptic-scale equatorial response to Rossby wave energy dispersion associated with off-equatorial wave activity sources and proposes a new mechanism for triggering low-level mixed Rossbygravity (MRG) waves. A case ...

Guanghua Chen; Chi-Yung Tam

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

After the Tsunami Facing the Public Health Challenges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...work of international relief organizations. Fulfilling immediate needs on such a massive scale represents, in large part, a challenge of logistics and coordination. The most densely affected areas were Aceh Province in Indonesia (where more than 107,000 people died) and the coastal regions of Sri Lanka... Drs. Michael VanRooyen and Jennifer Leaning write that despite the massive scale of this emergency, we are better prepared than ever to deal with the immediate health threats created by the tsunami. What remains uncertain is the extent to which donors and ...

VanRooyen M.; Leaning J.

2005-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

100

Barotropic Rossby Waves Radiating from Tropical Instability Waves in the Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tropical instability waves are triggered by instabilities of the equatorial current systems, and their sea level signal, with peak amplitude near 5N, is one of the most prominent features of the dynamic topography of the tropics. Cross-spectral ...

J. Thomas Farrar

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Smart trigger logic for focal plane arrays  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electronic device includes a memory configured to receive data representing light intensity values from pixels in a focal plane array and a processor that analyzes the received data to determine which light values correspond to triggered pixels, where the triggered pixels are those pixels that meet a predefined set of criteria, and determines, for each triggered pixel, a set of neighbor pixels for which light intensity values are to be stored. The electronic device also includes a buffer that temporarily stores light intensity values for at least one previously processed row of pixels, so that when a triggered pixel is identified in a current row, light intensity values for the neighbor pixels in the previously processed row and for the triggered pixel are persistently stored, as well as a data transmitter that transmits the persistently stored light intensity values for the triggered and neighbor pixels to a data receiver.

Levy, James E; Campbell, David V; Holmes, Michael L; Lovejoy, Robert; Wojciechowski, Kenneth; Kay, Randolph R; Cavanaugh, William S; Gurrieri, Thomas M

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

102

Source mechanism of the tsunami of 2004 in the Indian Ocean: Analysis and numerical simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The tsunami in the Indian Ocean caused by the earthquake of December 26, 2004, near Sumatra Island had catastrophic ... zone associated with the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake of December 26, 2004, is taken into acco...

L. I. Lobkovsky; R. Kh. Mazova

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Can small islands protect nearby coasts from tsunamis? An active experimental design approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Jaffe, H. Fritz, B. Higman, R. Morton, J. Goff, and C Synolakis. 2005 Observations by the international tsunami survey team in Sri Lanka. Science 308, 1595 ( doi:10.1126/science.1110730 ) 2 Titov, V. , A. Rabinovich, H...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Fact #723: April 16, 2012 Japan's Earthquake and Tsunami Resulted in Major Losses for Japanese Automakers  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The 9.0 magnitude earthquake and subsequent tsunami that struck northern Japan on March 11, 2011 resulted in severe disruptions and losses for Japan's seven major automakers. Automotive News...

105

Tsunami deposits related to flank collapse in oceanic volcanoes: The Agaete Valley evidence, Gran Canaria, Canary Islands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Enigmatic marine conglomerates are attached at 41188 m asl to the walls of the valley of Agaete, on the northwest coast of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands). They are formed by heterogeneous, angular to rounded heterometric volcanic clasts (roundness and maximal size decreasing with altitude), and fossils (rhodolites and marine shells), never found in growth position and often broken. The deposits are internally stratified into several layers, most of them showing very poor sorting, matrix-supported and reverse grading. They present lenticular morphologies with poor lateral continuity in transversal and longitudinal sections. Slopes show values and orientations similar to those of the relief of the substratum to which they seem to adapt. Although they show clear evidence of erosive contact with the substratum (rip up clasts), they do not tend to form horizontal terraces. Soft materials (soils and colluviums) are preserved in the contact with the substratum in outcrops with deposit slopes of up to 15. The age of the deposits is constrained between 1.75 Ma and 32 ka. Their altitude and slope distributions are not related to Pleistocene interglacial sea level changes, storm deposits or isostatic movements. All the above suggests that the Agaete marine deposits were generated by tsunami waves, the most probable source being a flank failure, at least nine major such events having occurred in the Canary Islands during the Pleistocene. The Gmar sector collapse (east coast of Tenerife,30 km3) is the closest possible source for the tsunami and the sole flank failure that is directed towards another island in the Canaries.

Francisco J. Prez-Torrado; Raphal Paris; Mara C. Cabrera; Jean-Luc Schneider; Patrick Wassmer; Juan-Carlos Carracedo; ngel Rodrguez-Santana; Francisco Santana

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Inertial confinement fusion based on the ion-bubble trigger  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Triggering the ion-bubble in an inertial confinement fusion, we have developed a novel scheme for the fast ignition. This scheme relies on the plasma cavitation by the wake of an intense laser pulse to generate an ion-bubble. The bubble acts both as an intense electron accelerator and as an electron wiggler. Consequently, the accelerated electrons trapped in the bubble can emit an intense tunable laser light. This light can be absorbed by an ablation layer on the outside surface of the ignition capsule, which subsequently drills it and thereby produces a guide channel in the pellet. Finally, the relativistic electron beam created in the bubble is guided through the channel to the high density core igniting the fusion fuel. The normalized beam intensity and beam energy required for triggering the ignition have been calculated when core is heated by the e-beam. In addition, through solving the momentum transfer, continuity and wave equations, a dispersion relation for the electromagnetic and space-charge waves has been analytically derived. The variations of growth rate with the ion-bubble density and electron beam energy have been illustrated. It is found that the growth rates of instability are significantly controlled by the ions concentration and the e-beam energy in the bubble.

Jafari, S., E-mail: SJafari@guilan.ac.ir; Nilkar, M.; Ghasemizad, A. [Department of Physics, University of Guilan, Rasht 41335-1914 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mehdian, H. [Department of Physics and Institute for Plasma Research, Tarbiat Moallem University, Tehran 15614 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

107

The ATLAS level-1 trigger timing setup  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ATLAS detector at CERN's LHC will be exposed to proton-proton collisions at a bunch-crossing rate of 40 MHz. In order to reduce the data rate, a three-level trigger system selects potentially interesting physics processes. The first trigger level ...

P. Borrego Amaral; N. Ellis; P. Farthouat; P. Gallno; J. Haller; A. Krasznahorkay; T. Maeno; T. Pauly; H. Pessoa Lima, Jr.; I. Resurreccion Arcas; G. Schuler; J. M. De Seixas; R. Spiwoks; R. Torga Teixeira; T. Wengler

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Concept of the CMS Trigger Supervisor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Trigger Supervisor is an online software system designed for the CMS experiment at CERN. Its purpose is to provide a framework to set up, test, operate and monitor the trigger components on one hand and to manage their interplay and the information exchange with the run control part of the data acquisition system on the other. The Trigger Supervisor is conceived to provide a simple and homogeneous client interface to the online software infrastructure of the trigger subsystems. This document specifies the functional and non-functional requirements, design and operational details, and the components that will be delivered in order to facilitate a smooth integration of the trigger software in the context of CMS.

Magrans de Abril, Ildefons; Varela, Joao

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

The Uses of Dynamic Earhquake Triggering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

34 Atkinson BK. 1984. Subcritical crack growth in geologicalthan Love waves. Subcritical crack growth. Seismic waves can1984). This subcritical crack growth is further assisted by

Brodsky, Emily E; van der Elst, Nicholas J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

A minute-continuous-wave-stabilized picosecond supercontinuum source for ultrafast serial time-encoded amplified microscopy (STEAM)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A stabilized picosecond supercontinuum source, by a minute continuous-wave trigger, is utilized to improve the ultrafast imaging quality of serial time-encoded amplified microscopy...

Zhang, Chi; Qiu, Yi; Xu, Jianbing; Wong, Kenneth K Y; Tsia, Kevin K

111

The ATLAS level 2 trigger supervisor.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an overview of the hardware and software proposed for the ATLAS level 2 Trigger ROI Builder/Supervisor. The essential requirements of this system are that it operate at the design Level 1 Trigger rate of 100kHz and that it support the technical requirements of the architectures suggested for the ATLAS Level 2 Trigger. Commercial equipment and software support are used to the maximum extent possible, with support from dedicated hardware. Timing requirements and latencies are discussed and simulation results are presented.

Abolins, M.; Blair, R. E.; Dawson, J. W.; Owen, D.; Pope, B. G.; Schlereth, J. L.; Weber dos Santos, R.

1997-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

112

Minimum Bias Triggers at ATLAS, LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the first phase of LHC data-taking ATLAS will measure the charged-particle density at the initial center-of-mass energy of 10 TeV and then at 14 TeV. This will allow us improve our knowledge of soft QCD models and pin-down cross-sections of different classes of inelastic collisions at LHC energies. In particular, the dominant non-diffractive interaction is a key process to understanding QCD backgrounds when we reach higher luminosities. We highlight two minimum-bias triggers, sensitive to particles in complementary ranges in pseudo-rapidity, one based on signals from the Inner Detector, the other explicitly designed to trigger on inelastic processes. Studies of their trigger efficiencies as well as possible trigger biases are presented.

Regina Kwee

2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

113

Tsunami response at Wake Island: azimuthal mode analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Committee: Dr. Andrew C. Vastano This is sn extension of previous studies (numerical and hydraulic) of the relative amplitude response at Wake Island associated with plane progressive incident waves of stipulated time history, whose spectrum includes... of the island, Van Dorn cautioned that the influence of Wake Island topography on the wave spectrum really remains unknown. In a later study of the same data, by Royer (1969), it was concluded that the island topography may modify waves of certain periods...

Creswell, Wiltie Austin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

114

Performance of the Sendai Microgrid During the 2011 Earthquake and Tsunami  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Performance of the Sendai Microgrid During the 2011 Earthquake and Tsunami Performance of the Sendai Microgrid During the 2011 Earthquake and Tsunami Speaker(s): Keiichi Hirose Date: March 23, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Chris Marnay This seminar provides an overview of the Sendai Microgrid, and outlines its behavior during the earthquake and its aftermath. On March 11, 2011, an earthquake of unprecedented violence occurred in the Tohoku region, along Japan's Pacific Coast. The extremely intense vibrations severely damaged electric utility facilities, and the subsequent tsunami washed away many coastal towns and villages. The Sendai Microgrid at Tohoku Fukushi University, located northwest of downtown Sendai, had been built and demonstrated over the four years beginning in 2005. The Microgrid was

115

TSUNAMI Primer: A Primer for Sensitivity/Uncertainty Calculations with SCALE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This primer presents examples in the application of the SCALE/TSUNAMI tools to generate k{sub eff} sensitivity data for one- and three-dimensional models using TSUNAMI-1D and -3D and to examine uncertainties in the computed k{sub eff} values due to uncertainties in the cross-section data used in their calculation. The proper use of unit cell data and need for confirming the appropriate selection of input parameters through direct perturbations are described. The uses of sensitivity and uncertainty data to identify and rank potential sources of computational bias in an application system and TSUNAMI tools for assessment of system similarity using sensitivity and uncertainty criteria are demonstrated. Uses of these criteria in trending analyses to assess computational biases, bias uncertainties, and gap analyses are also described. Additionally, an application of the data adjustment tool TSURFER is provided, including identification of specific details of sources of computational bias.

Rearden, Bradley T [ORNL; Mueller, Don [ORNL; Bowman, Stephen M [ORNL; Busch, Robert D. [University of New Mexico, Albuquerque; Emerson, Scott [University of New Mexico, Albuquerque

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Assessment of tsunami hazard to the U.S. Atlantic margin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Tsunami hazard is a very low-probability, but potentially high-risk natural hazard, posing unique challenges to scientists and policy makers trying to mitigate its impacts. These challenges are illustrated in this assessment of tsunami hazard to the U.S. Atlantic margin. Seismic activity along the U.S. Atlantic margin in general is low, and confirmed paleo-tsunami deposits have not yet been found, suggesting a very low rate of hazard. However, the devastating 1929 Grand Banks tsunami along the Atlantic margin of Canada shows that these events continue to occur. Densely populated areas, extensive industrial and port facilities, and the presence of ten nuclear power plants along the coast, make this region highly vulnerable to flooding by tsunamis and therefore even low-probability events need to be evaluated. We can presently draw several tentative conclusions regarding tsunami hazard to the U.S. Atlantic coast. Landslide tsunamis likely constitute the biggest tsunami hazard to the coast. Only a small number of landslides have so far been dated and they are generally older than 10,000years. The geographical distribution of landslides along the margin is expected to be uneven and to depend on the distribution of seismic activity along the margin and on the geographical distribution of Pleistocene sediment. We do not see evidence that gas hydrate dissociation contributes to the generation of landslides along the U.S. Atlantic margin. Analysis of landslide statistics along the fluvial and glacial portions of the margin indicate that most of the landslides are translational, were probably initiated by seismic acceleration, and failed as aggregate slope failures. How tsunamis are generated from aggregate landslides remains however, unclear. Estimates of the recurrence interval of earthquakes along the continental slope may provide maximum estimates for the recurrence interval of landslide along the margin. Tsunamis caused by atmospheric disturbances and by coastal earthquakes may be more frequent than those generated by landslides, but their amplitudes are probably smaller. Among the possible far-field earthquake sources, only earthquakes located within the Gulf of Cadiz or west of the Tore-Madeira Rise are likely to affect the U.S. coast. It is questionable whether earthquakes on the Puerto Rico Trench are capable of producing a large enough tsunami that will affect the U.S. Atlantic coast. More information is needed to evaluate the seismic potential of the northern Cuba fold-and-thrust belt. The hazard from a volcano flank collapse in the Canary Islands is likely smaller than originally stated, and there is not enough information to evaluate the magnitude and frequency of flank collapse from the Azores Islands. Both deterministic and probabilistic methods to evaluate the tsunami hazard from the margin are available for application to the Atlantic margin, but their implementation requires more information than is currently available.

U.S. ten Brink; J.D. Chaytor; E.L. Geist; D.S. Brothers; B.D. Andrews

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Generation of acoustic-gravity waves in ionospheric HF heating experiments : simulating large-scale natural heat sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we investigate the potential role played by large-scale anomalous heat sources (e.g. prolonged heat wave events) in generating acoustic-gravity waves (AGWs) that might trigger widespread plasma turbulence ...

Pradipta, Rezy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Tsunami detection in the [by Juliette Artru (Caltech, Pasadena, USA),  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is transferred to the atmosphere in the form of acoustic-gravity waves. By conservation of kinetic energy layers at altitudes of 168 and 186 km. All traces show the vertical velocity perturbation in the 1-50 mHz in electron density induced by the acoustic gravity wave on the ionospheric plasma. However, the geometry

Occhipinti, Giovanni "Ninto"

119

Star formation triggered by SNR impact into magnetized neutral clouds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Considering the physical conditions that are relevant for triggering star formation in interactions involving SN shocks and neutral clouds, we have built diagrams of the SNR radius versus the cloud density in which these conditions constrain a shaded zone where star formation is allowed. The diagrams are also tested with fully 3-D MHD radiative cooling simulations involving a SNR and a self-gravitating cloud and we find that the numerical analysis is consistent with the results predicted by the diagrams. While the inclusion of a homogeneous magnetic field approximately perpendicular to the impact velocity of the SNR with an intensity ~1 $mu$G results only a small shrinking of the star formation zone in the diagrams, a larger magnetic field (~10 $\\mu$G) causes a significant shrinking, as expected. Applications of our results to real star formation regions in our own galaxy have revealed that their formation could have been triggered by a SN shock wave. Finally, we have evaluated the effective global star forma...

Leao, M R M; Falceta-Goncalves, D; Melioli, C; Geraissate, F G

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Star formation triggered by SNR impact into magnetized neutral clouds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Considering the physical conditions that are relevant for triggering star formation in interactions involving SN shocks and neutral clouds, we have built diagrams of the SNR radius versus the cloud density in which these conditions constrain a shaded zone where star formation is allowed. The diagrams are also tested with fully 3-D MHD radiative cooling simulations involving a SNR and a self-gravitating cloud and we find that the numerical analysis is consistent with the results predicted by the diagrams. While the inclusion of a homogeneous magnetic field approximately perpendicular to the impact velocity of the SNR with an intensity ~1 $mu$G results only a small shrinking of the star formation zone in the diagrams, a larger magnetic field (~10 $\\mu$G) causes a significant shrinking, as expected. Applications of our results to real star formation regions in our own galaxy have revealed that their formation could have been triggered by a SN shock wave. Finally, we have evaluated the effective global star formation efficiency of this sort of interactions and found that it is smaller than the observed values in our Galaxy (SFE ~0.01-0.3). This result is consistent with previous work in the literature and also suggests that the mechanism presently investigated, though very powerful to drive structure formation, supersonic turbulence and eventually, local star formation, does not seem to be sufficient to drive global star formation in normal star forming galaxies.

M. R. M. Leao; E. M. de Gouveia Dal Pino; D. Falceta-Goncalves; C. Melioli; F. G. Geraissate

2008-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Wave energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Waves receive their energy from the wind by means of a ... whose yield is not yet clearly understood. Energy in the wave is more concentrated than in the wind ... density. For this reason a motor utilizing wave p...

Ferruccio Mosetti

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

2011 Waves -1 STANDING WAVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-multiple of the wavelength: n 2 L ,n 1,2,... . A vibrating string is an example of a transverse wave: its oscillation2011 Waves - 1 STANDING WAVES ON A STRING The objectives of the experiment are: · To show that standing waves can be set up on a string. · To determine the velocity of a standing wave. · To understand

Glashausser, Charles

123

THE EFFECTS OF WAVE ESCAPE ON FAST MAGNETOSONIC WAVE TURBULENCE IN SOLAR FLARES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the leading models for electron acceleration in solar flares is stochastic acceleration by weakly turbulent fast magnetosonic waves ({sup f}ast waves{sup )}. In this model, large-scale flows triggered by magnetic reconnection excite large-wavelength fast waves, and fast-wave energy then cascades from large wavelengths to small wavelengths. Electron acceleration by large-wavelength fast waves is weak, and so the model relies on the small-wavelength waves produced by the turbulent cascade. In order for the model to work, the energy cascade time for large-wavelength fast waves must be shorter than the time required for the waves to propagate out of the solar-flare acceleration region. To investigate the effects of wave escape, we solve the wave kinetic equation for fast waves in weak turbulence theory, supplemented with a homogeneous wave-loss term. We find that the amplitude of large-wavelength fast waves must exceed a minimum threshold in order for a significant fraction of the wave energy to cascade to small wavelengths before the waves leave the acceleration region. We evaluate this threshold as a function of the dominant wavelength of the fast waves that are initially excited by reconnection outflows.

Pongkitiwanichakul, Peera; Chandran, Benjamin D. G. [Space Science Center and Department of Physics, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 (United States); Karpen, Judith T. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); DeVore, C. Richard, E-mail: pbu3@unh.edu, E-mail: benjamin.chandran@unh.edu, E-mail: judy.karpen@nasa.gov, E-mail: devore@nrl.navy.mil [Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

124

Sequentially Triggered Star Formation in OB Associations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss observational evidence for sequential and triggered star formation in OB associations. We first review the star formation process in the Scorpius-Centaurus OB association, the nearest OB association to the Sun, where several recent extensive studies have allowed us to reconstruct the star formation history in a rather detailed way. We then compare the observational results with those obtained for other OB associations and with recent models of rapid cloud and star formation in the turbulent interstellar medium. We conclude that the formation of whole OB subgroups (each consisting of several thousand stars) requires large-scale triggering mechanisms such as shocks from expanding wind and supernova driven superbubbles surrounding older subgroups. Other triggering mechanisms, like radiatively driven implosion of globules, also operate, but seem to be secondary processes, forming only small stellar groups rather than whole OB subgroups with thousands of stars.

Thomas Preibisch; Hans Zinnecker

2006-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

125

Coseismic slip on the southern Cascadia megathrust implied by tsunami deposits in an Oregon lake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

equations on unstructured grids. Our simulations of the 1700 Cascadia tsunami require >12­13 m of peak slip on the southern Cascadia megathrust offshore southern Oregon. The simulations account for tidal and shoreline and Gorda plates descend beneath North America at $40 mm yr?1 [DeMets et al., 2010] (Figure 1a). Along

Goldfinger, Chris

126

DSM GENERATION FROM STEREOSCOPIC IMAGERY FOR DAMAGE MAPPING, APPLICATION ON THE TOHOKU TSUNAMI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DSM GENERATION FROM STEREOSCOPIC IMAGERY FOR DAMAGE MAPPING, APPLICATION ON THE TOHOKU TSUNAMI in the generation of accurate Digital Surface Model (DSM) with an improved image-space based matching technique followed by the detection of real changes from the DSM difference through a classification method

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

127

A seismological reassessment of the source of the 1946 Aleutian 'tsunami' earthquake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Eble M.C., Bernard E.N.,1991. The 1987-88 Alaskan bight tsunamis: deep ocean data and model comparisons, Natural Hazards...Miller K.L.,1991. Intraplate seismicity of the Pacific Basin, 1913-1988, Pure appl. Geophys., 135, 261-359....

Alberto M. Lpez; Emile A. Okal

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Far-field tsunami hazard from mega-thrust earthquakes in the Indian Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Soc. Amer., 96, 1634-1648. Okal E.A. , Fritz H.M., Raad P.E., Synolakis C.E., Al-Shijbi Y., Al-Saifi M., 2006b. Oman field survey after the December 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, Earthq. Spectra, 22, S203-S218. Okal E......

Emile A. Okal; Costas E. Synolakis

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Effect of Murray ridge on the tsunami propagation from Makran subduction zone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......1992) 82(2):1018-1040. Okal E.A. , Fritz H.M., Raad P.E., Synolakis C.E., Al-Shijbi Y., Al-Saifi M. Field survey of the 2004 Indonesian Tsunami in Oman. Earthq. Spectra (2006) 22(S3):S203-S218. Okal E.A......

M. Swapna; Kirti Srivastava

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Numerical Modeling of the Great 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami: Focus on the Mascarene Islands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Spectra 22, S263-S283. Okal, E. A., H. M. Fritz, C. E. Synolakis, P. E. Raad, Y. Al-Shijbi, and M. Al-Saifi (2006b). Oman field survey after the December 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, Earthquake Spectra 22, S203-S218. Okal, E...

H. Hbert; A. Sladen; F. Schindel

131

Can Photo-Evaporation Trigger Planetesimal Formation?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Can Photo-Evaporation Trigger Planetesimal Formation? Henry Throop John Bally SWRI Univ.Colorado / CASA DPS 12-Oct-2004 #12;Orion Nebula Photo-evaporation by extr 4 O/B stars, UV-bright, 105 solar luminosities 2000 solar-type stars with disks Photo-evaporation (PE) by external O/B stars removes disks on 105

Throop, Henry

132

Environmental Triggers that Affect Children's Health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Triggers that Affect Children's Health A Clean Environment Can Lead to Better Health! An online course for child care providers and parents, presented by the Texas AgriLife Extension Service Children's Health Course developed by Janie L. Harris, M.Ed. Extension Housing and Environment Specialist

133

Field Survey of Tsunami Effects in Sri Lanka due to the Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake of December 26, 2004  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The December 26, 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake that registered a...M w) of 9.1 was one of the largest earthquakes in the world since 1900. The devastating tsunami that resulted from this earthquak...

Shusaku Inoue; Anil C. Wijeyewickrema

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Numerical Simulation of 1993 July 12 Tsunami Near Hokkaido; Its Propagation and Flooding onto Aonae District, Okushiri Island  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A numerical simulations of the 1993 South-West Off Hokkaido ... a low angle. The mechanism of tsunami flooding onto Aonae district, Okushiri island, was also made clear by the simulation in which shoaling and ref...

T. Yamashita; T. Takabayashi; Y. Tsuchiya

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Performance of muon-based triggers at the CMS High Level Trigger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The trigger systems of the CERN LHC detectors play a crucial role in determining the physics capabilities of the experiments. A reduction of several orders of magnitude of the event rate is needed to reach values compatible with the detector readout, offline storage and analysis capabilities. The CMS experiment has been designed with a two-level trigger system: the Level 1 (L1) Trigger, implemented on custom-designed electronics, and the High Level Trigger (HLT), a streamlined version of the CMS reconstruction and analysis software running on a computer farm. Here we will present the design and performance of the main muon triggers used during the Run I data taking. We will show how these triggers contributed to the 2012 physics results. We will then present the improvements foreseen to meet the challenges of the Run II data taking. We will discuss the improvements being made at L1, and at various stages in the HLT reconstruction, ranging from the local drift tube and cathode strip chamber reconstruction, to ...

Alimena, Juliette

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Performance of Muon-Based Triggers at the CMS High Level Trigger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The trigger systems of the CERN LHC detectors play a crucial role in determining the physics capabilities of the experiments. A reduction of several orders of magnitude of the event rate is needed to reach values compatible with the detector readout, offline storage and analysis capabilities. The CMS experiment has been designed with a two-level trigger system: the Level 1 (L1) Trigger, implemented on custom-designed electronics, and the High Level Trigger (HLT), a streamlined version of the CMS reconstruction and analysis software running on a computer farm. Here we will present the design and performance of the main muon triggers used during the Run I data taking. We will show how these triggers contributed to the 2012 physics results. We will then present the improvements foreseen to meet the challenges of the Run II data taking. We will discuss the improvements being made at L1, and at various stages in the HLT reconstruction, ranging from the local drift tube and cathode strip chamber reconstruction, to L2 muon tracks, to the final L3 muons.

Juliette Alimena

2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

137

CDF/DOC/TRIGGER/CDFR/2909 May 14, 1996  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the towers and towers with significant HAD energy can be rejected. The global path sums the total energy (HAD is to trigger on electrons, photons, jets, total event transverse energy (\\SigmaE T ) and missing transverse for the global triggers. In the object trigger path thresholds are applied to the individual tower energies

138

Detiding DART buoy data for real-time extraction of source coefficients for operational tsunami forecasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

U.S. Tsunami Warning Centers use real-time bottom pressure (BP) data transmitted from a network of buoys deployed in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans to tune source coefficients of tsunami forecast models. For accurate coefficients and therefore forecasts, tides at the buoys must be accounted for. In this study, five methods for coefficient estimation are compared, each of which accounts for tides differently. The first three subtract off a tidal prediction based on (1) a localized harmonic analysis involving 29 days of data immediately preceding the tsunami event, (2) 68 pre-existing harmonic constituents specific to each buoy, and (3) an empirical orthogonal function fit to the previous 25 hrs of data. Method (4) is a Kalman smoother that uses method (1) as its input. These four methods estimate source coefficients after detiding. Method (5) estimates the coefficients simultaneously with a two-component harmonic model that accounts for the tides. The five methods are evaluated using archived data from eleven...

Percival, Donald B; Eble, Marie C; Gica, Edison; Huang, Paul Y; Mofjeld, Harold O; Spillane, Michael C; Titov, Vasily V; Tolkova, Elena I

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Performance of e/$?$-based Triggers at the CMS High Level Trigger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The CMS experiment has been designed with a two-level trigger system: the Level 1 (L1) Trigger, implemented on custom-designed electronics, and the High Level Trigger (HLT), a streamlined version of the CMS reconstruction and analysis software running on a computer farm. In order to achieve a good rate reduction with as little as possible impact on the physics efficiency, the algorithms used at HLT are designed to follow as closely as possible the ones used in the offline reconstruction. Here, we will present the algorithms used for the online reconstruction of electrons and photons (e/$\\gamma$), both at L1 and HLT, and their performance and the planned improvements of these HLT objects.

Zeynep Demiragli

2014-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

140

Performance of e/$\\gamma$-based Triggers at the CMS High Level Trigger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The CMS experiment has been designed with a two-level trigger system: the Level 1 (L1) Trigger, implemented on custom-designed electronics, and the High Level Trigger (HLT), a streamlined version of the CMS reconstruction and analysis software running on a computer farm. In order to achieve a good rate reduction with as little as possible impact on the physics efficiency, the algorithms used at HLT are designed to follow as closely as possible the ones used in the offline reconstruction. Here, we will present the algorithms used for the online reconstruction of electrons and photons (e/$\\gamma$), both at L1 and HLT, and their performance and the planned improvements of these HLT objects.

Demiragli, Zeynep

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Room temperature triggered single-photon source in the near infrared  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the realization of a solid-state triggered single-photon source with narrow emission in the near infrared at room temperature. It is based on the photoluminescence of a single nickel-nitrogen NE8 colour centre in a chemical vapour deposited diamond nanocrystal. Stable single-photon emission has been observed in the photoluminescence under both continuous-wave and pulsed excitations. The realization of this source represents a step forward in the application of diamond-based single-photon sources to Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) under practical operating conditions.

E. Wu; James Rabeau; Grard Roger; Franois Treussart; Heping Zeng; Philippe Grangier; Steven Prawer; Jean-Franois Roch

2007-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

142

wave energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

wave energy ? Wellenenergie f [Die einer Schwerewelle innewohnende potentielle und kinetische Energie. Sie ist etwa proportional dem Quadrat der Wellenhhe. Zeichen: E we ...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Hydroelastic response of a floating runway to cnoidal waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The hydroelastic response of mat-type Very Large Floating Structures (VLFSs) to severe sea conditions, such as tsunamis and hurricanes, must be assessed for safety and survivability. An efficient and robust nonlinear hydroelastic model is required to predict accurately the motion of and the dynamic loads on a VLFS due to such large waves. We develop a nonlinear theory to predict the hydroelastic response of a VLFS in the presence of cnoidal waves and compare the predictions with the linear theory that is also developed here. This hydroelastic problem is formulated by directly coupling the structure with the fluid, by use of the Level I Green-Naghdi theory for the fluid motion and the Kirchhoff thin plate theory for the runway. The coupled fluid structure system, together with the appropriate jump conditions are solved in two-dimensions by the finite-difference method. The numerical model is used to study the nonlinear response of a VLFS to storm waves which are modeled by use of the cnoidal-wave theory. Parametric studies show that the nonlinearity of the waves is very important in accurately predicting the dynamic bending moment and wave run-up on a VLFS in high seas.

Ertekin, R. C., E-mail: ertekin@hawaii.edu [Department of Ocean and Resources Engineering, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (United States); Xia, Dingwu [Engineering Services, British Petroleum GoM, Houston, Texas 77079 (United States)] [Engineering Services, British Petroleum GoM, Houston, Texas 77079 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

144

CDF/MEMO/TRIGGER/CDFR/5424 Version 1.0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/4) + CSP Hit Bit 05 CMU High Pt Stub + CMP Stub (3/4) + CSP Hit 1 #12; Bit 06 Dimuon Test Bit - 2 CMU Low > 120deg) Bit 18 Cosmic Trigger II : 2 CMP Stubs (3/4) + CSP Hits (Top & Bottom) Bit 19 Bunch Zero Crossing Trigger Note A: CSP hits will be included in the de#12;nition of trigger bits 4 and 5. However, we

145

Vacuum Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As an example of the unification of gravitation and particle physics, an exact solution of the five-dimensional field equations is studied which describes waves in the classical Einstein vacuum. While the solution is essentially 5D in nature, the waves exist in ordinary 3D space, and may provide a way to test for an extra dimension.

Paul S. Wesson

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

146

Highly coherent electron beam from a laser-triggered tungsten needle tip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on a quantitative measurement of the spatial coherence of electrons emitted from a sharp metal needle tip. We investigate the coherence in photoemission using near-ultraviolet laser triggering with a photon energy of 3.1 eV and compare it to DC-field emission. A carbon-nanotube is brought in close proximity to the emitter tip to act as an electrostatic biprism. From the resulting electron matter wave interference fringes we deduce an upper limit of the effective source radius both in laser-triggered and DC-field emission mode, which quantifies the spatial coherence of the emitted electron beam. We obtain $(0.80\\pm 0.05)\\,$nm in laser-triggered and $(0.55\\pm 0.02)\\,$nm in DC-field emission mode, revealing that the outstanding coherence properties of electron beams from needle tip field emitters are largely maintained in laser-induced emission. In addition, the relative coherence width of 0.36 of the photoemitted electron beam is the largest observed so far. The preservation of electronic coherence du...

Ehberger, Dominik; Eisele, Max; Krger, Michael; Noe, Jonathan; Hgele, Alexander; Hommelhoff, Peter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Estimating wave energy from a wave record  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This note is concerned with the calculation of wave energy from a time series record of wave heights. Various methods are used to estimate the wave energy. For wave records that contain a number of different ... ...

Sasithorn Aranuvachapun; John A. Johnson

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Computing Schedules for Time-Triggered Control using Genetic Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computing Schedules for Time-Triggered Control using Genetic Algorithms Truong Nghiem Georgios E scheduling problem for timed-triggered controllers (OSTTC) and the time complexity of the corresponding search. Keywords: Scheduling; Digital control; Genetic algorithms; 1. INTRODUCTION Digital control theory

Fainekos, Georgios E.

149

The central track trigger of the DO experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

proton anti-proton accelerator. DO uses a three-tiered trigger system to select events for offline storage and analysis. This paper describes the architecture and performance of the DO central track trigger (CTT) system based on the new central fiber...

Wilson, Graham Wallace; Yip, K.; Xu, Q.; Olsen, J.; Wilcer, N.; Wijnen, T.; Vachon, B.; Tomoto, M.; Stevenson, K.; Rapisarda, S.; Ramirez-Gomez, R.

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Triggers on Database Histories A. Prasad Sistla Ouri Wolfson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Triggers on Database Histories A. Prasad Sistla Ouri Wolfson Department of Electrical Engineering of the database state over time (i.e. the database history). For example, in securities trading, the system may to the database history. The following temporal trigger is one such example--- the value of attribute A increases

Wolfson, Ouri E.

151

Muon Endcap Trigger Electronics Document presented for FDR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Muon Endcap Trigger Electronics Document presented for FDR held on March,1,2004 CF Slice Tests of Level 1 Muon End-cap Trigger System ATLAS TGC electronics group 4th February 2004 I. Introduction We for the muon beam test held in 2003 at SPS H8 beam line. We have roughly four major development phases during

Fukunaga, Chikara

152

ATLAS Muon TGC Trigger Electronics TTC signal distribution Extended URD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATLAS Muon TGC Trigger Electronics TTC signal distribution Extended URD Version 0 June 2000 1 a TTCrx chip which receives signals distributed by the ATLAS central TTC system. The SPP then extracts to the LVDS level, and #12;ATLAS Muon TGC Trigger Electronics TTC signal distribution Extended URD Version 0

Fukunaga, Chikara

153

The Trigger Algorithm for the Burst Alert Telescope on Swift  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) is a huge (5200 cm2) coded aperture imager that will detect gamma-ray bursts in real time and provide a location that the Swift satellite will use to slew the optical and x-ray telescopes. The huge size of BAT is a challenge for the on-board triggering: a change as small as 1% is equivalent to a 1 sigma statistical variation in 1 second. There will be three types of triggers, two based on rates and one based on images. The first type of trigger is for short time scales (4 msec to 64 msec). These will be traditional triggers (single background) and we check about 25,000 combinations of time-energy-focal plane subregions per second. The second type of trigger will be similar to what is used on HETE: fits to multiple background regions to remove trends for time scales between 64 msec and 64 seconds. About 500 triggers will be checked per second. For these rate triggers, false triggers and variable non-GRB sources will be rejected by requiring a new source to be present in an...

Fenimore, E; Galassi, M; Gehrels, N; Palmer, D; Parsons, A; Tavenner, T; Tller, J

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Coherence waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 1955 Wolf noticed that the mutual coherence function ? obeys two wave equations [Proc. R. Soc. London230, 246 (1955)]. The physical optics of this finding is thoroughly presented in...

Lohmann, Adolf W; Mendlovic, David; Shabtay, Gal

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

The People's Home goes Gulliver: Sweden and the 2004 tsunami crisis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ranging from epidemic outbreaks and natural disasters to terrorist attacks, the modern world has witnessed radical political change in recent years. The tourism industry is no exception, and we see policy-makers, scholars and officials working hard to mitigate the negative economic, political and societal effects of tourism-related incidents, not only on destination countries, but increasingly also on sending countries. Some of these changes and reforms have been more concrete and immediate in sending countries. In a country like Sweden, for example, we see the creation of an independent Catastrophe Commission (Katastrofkommission) charged with investigating the Swedish tsunami response and producing an extensive final report of its findings; the election of a new centre-right government in September 2006 and the creation of a new consular catastrophe law in August 2010 aimed at better regulating Swedish travel abroad. Using Sweden as an example, the present article explores some of the ways in which questions of authority, security, identity and power intertwine in a post-tsunami Sweden bent on protecting an increasingly mobile and exposed populace touristing beyond its borders. This article also looks briefly at how Sweden's young consular catastrophe law can be interpreted in light of this heightened move to protect.

Stephanie Buus

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

An Emulator of Timing, Trigger and Control (TTC) System for the ATLAS End cap Muon Trigger Electronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Emulator of Timing, Trigger and Control (TTC) System for the ATLAS End cap Muon Trigger and their sequences needed for the ATLAS TGC electronics. Almost all functionalities are packed in an FPGA chip, which of the mother board electronics system. I. INTRODUCTION In general a facility for TTC signal generation

Fukunaga, Chikara

157

The detection efficiency of on-axis short gamma ray burst optical afterglows triggered by aLIGO/Virgo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assuming neutron star (NS) or neutron star/stellar-mass black hole (BH) mergers as progenitors of the short gamma ray bursts, we derive and demonstrate a simple analysis tool for modelling the efficiency of recovering on-axis optical afterglows triggered by a candidate gravitational wave event detected by the Advanced LIGO and Virgo network. The coincident detection effiency has been evaluated for different classes of operating telescopes using observations of gamma ray bursts. We show how the efficiency depends on the luminosity distribution of the optical afterglows, the telescope features, and the sky localisation of gravitational wave triggers. We estimate a plausible optical afterglow and gravitational wave coincidence rate of $1$ yr$^{-1}$ ($0.1$ yr$^{-1}$) for NS-NS (NS-BH), and how this rate is scaled down in detection efficiency by the time it takes to image the gravitational wave sky localization and the limiting magnitude of the telescopes. For NS-NS (NS-BH) we find maximum detection efficiencies o...

Coward, David; Howell, Eric; Lasky, Paul; Boer, Michel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Nonlinear wave evolution in the expanding solar wind  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report here on a numerical model allowing direct numerical simulations of magnetohydrodynamic fluctuations advected by the expanding solar wind. We show that the expansion of the plasma delays and possibly freezes the turbulent evolution, but that it also triggers the nonlinear evolution of otherwise stable (Alfvn) waves, which can thus release their energy in the wind.

Roland Grappin; Marco Velli; Andr Mangeney

1993-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

159

Wave represents displacement Wave represents pressure Source -Sound Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave represents displacement Wave represents pressure Source - Sound Waves Distance between crests is wavelength Number of crests passing a point in 1 second is frequency Wave represents pressure Target - Radio Waves Distance between crests is wavelength Number of crests passing a point in 1 second is frequency

Colorado at Boulder, University of

160

A FLUX ROPE ERUPTION TRIGGERED BY JETS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an observation of a filament eruption caused by recurrent chromospheric plasma injections (surges/jets) on 2006 July 6. The filament eruption was associated with an M2.5 two-ribbon flare and a coronal mass ejection (CME). There was a light bridge in the umbra of the main sunspot of NOAA 10898; one end of the filament was terminated at the region close to the light bridge, and recurrent surges were observed to be ejected from the light bridge. The surges occurred intermittently for about 8 hr before the filament eruption, and finally a clear jet was found at the light bridge to trigger the filament eruption. We analyzed the evolutions of the relative darkness of the filament and the loaded mass by the continuous surges quantitatively. It was found that as the occurrence of the surges, the relative darkness of the filament body continued growing for about 3-4 hr, reached its maximum, and kept stable for more than 2 hr until it erupted. If suppose 50% of the ejected mass by the surges could be trapped by the filament channel, then the total loaded mass into the filament channelwill be about 0.57x10{sup 16} g with a momentum of 0.57x10{sup 22} g cm s{sup -1} by 08:08 UT, which is a non-negligible effect on the stability of the filament. Based on the observations, we present a model showing the important role that recurrent chromospheric mass injection play in the evolution and eruption of a flux rope. Our study confirms that the surge activities can efficiently supply the necessary material for some filament formation. Furthermore, our study indicates that the continuous mass with momentum loaded by the surge activities to the filament channel could make the filament unstable and cause it to erupt.

Guo Juan; Zhang Hongqi; Deng Yuanyong; Lin Jiaben; Su Jiangtao [Key Laboratory of Solar Activity, National Astronomical Observatories, Beijing 100012 (China); Liu Yu, E-mail: guojuan@bao.ac.c [Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, National Astronomical Observatories, Kunming 650011 (China)

2010-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Long Wave/Short Wave Resonance in Equatorial Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that resonant coupling between ultra long equatorial Rossby waves and packets of either short Rossby or short westward-traveling gravity waves is possible. Simple analytic formulas give the discrete value of the packet wave number k, ...

John P. Boyd

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Shock event, an impact phenomenon observed in water wells around the Arabian Gulf coastal city Dammam, Saudi Arabia: possible relationship with Sumatra tsunami event of December 26, 2004  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A sudden disturbance in water level was recorded by hydrographs monitoring wells in the coastal city Dammam, Saudi Arabia on December 26, 2004. The water level was being ... h after the Sumatra earthquake/tsunami...

Arun Kumar; Syed A. Alam

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Toward resolving stable high-resolution kinematic rupture models of large earthquakes by joint inversion of seismic, geodetic and tsunami observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M. , et al. (2004). Geodetic and seismic constraints on someof slip, and the detailed nature of the seismic cycle. Weto better evaluate the seismic and tsunami hazard of large

Yue, Han

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Rogue waves for a long wave-short wave resonance model with multiple short waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Rogue waves for a long wave-short wave resonance model with multiple short waves Hiu Ning Chan (1 waves; Long-short resonance PACS Classification: 02.30.Jr; 05.45.Yv; 47.35.Fg #12;2 ABSTRACT A resonance between long and short waves will occur if the phase velocity of the long wave matches the group velocity

165

E-Print Network 3.0 - atlas first-level trigger Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

High-Level Trigger Summary: , trigger. Note: This paper was presented by Stephen Armstrong on behalf of the ATLAS High Level Trigger... . The authors are with ATLAS High-Level...

166

Vortices in Brain waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2003). Vortices in Brain Waves 62. M. E. Raichle, ScienceVORTICES IN BRAIN WAVES WALTER J. FREEMAN Department ofthat is recorded in brain waves (electroencephalogram, EEG).

Freeman, Walter J III; Vitiello, Giuseppe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Light-Triggered Myosin Activation for Probing Dynamic Cellular Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shining light on myosin: The incorporation of a caging group onto the essential phosphoserine residue of myosin by protein semisynthesis enables light-triggered activation of the protein (see picture). Caging eliminates ...

Goguen, Brenda N.

168

Triggering Deep Convection with a Probabilistic Plume Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model unifying the representation of the planetary boundary layer and dry, shallow, and deep convection, the probabilistic plume model (PPM), is presented. Its capacity to reproduce the triggering of deep convection over land is analyzed in ...

Fabio DAndrea; Pierre Gentine; Alan K. Betts; Benjamin R. Lintner

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Researchers map atomic movements that trigger voltage fade in...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

map atomic movements that trigger voltage fade in high-energy-density batteries January 22, 2015 Voltage and capacity curves from an LMR-NMC high-energy cathode show voltage fade...

170

Time and event triggered communication scheduling for automotive applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

automotive electronics applications by a number of European car and heavy truck manufacturers systems within automotive electronics applications by a number of European car and heavy truckTime and event triggered communication scheduling for automotive applications ROGER JOHANSSON

Johansson, Roger

171

Advanced integrated safeguards using front-end-triggering devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report addresses potential uses of front-end-triggering devices for enhanced safeguards. Such systems incorporate video surveillance as well as radiation and other sensors. Also covered in the report are integration issues and analysis techniques.

Howell, J.A.; Whitty, W.J.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Evaluation of Trigger Functions for Convective Parameterization Schemes Using Observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Realistic simulation of different modes of atmospheric variability ranging from diurnal cycle to interannual variation in global climate models (GCMs) depends crucially on the convection trigger criteria. In this study, using the data from ...

E. Suhas; Guang J. Zhang

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Fault current limiter based on triggered vacuum switch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new type of fault current limiter (FCL) based on triggered vacuum switch ... is mainly composed of a capacitor, a current-limiting reactor connected with a capacitor in ... behaves as a conventional series comp...

Jing Shi; Ji-yan Zou; Jun-jia He

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

E-Print Network 3.0 - atlas trigger design Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

First Result of Global Commissioning of the ATALS Endcap Muon Trigger System in ATLAS Cavern Summary: commissioning. REFERENCES 1 ATLAS First Level Trigger Technical Design Re-...

175

E-Print Network 3.0 - atlas level-2 trigger Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

First Result of Global Commissioning of the ATALS Endcap Muon Trigger System in ATLAS Cavern Summary: The First Result of Global Commissioning of the ATALS Endcap Muon Trigger...

176

E-Print Network 3.0 - atlas trigger event Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

First Result of Global Commissioning of the ATALS Endcap Muon Trigger System in ATLAS Cavern Summary: The First Result of Global Commissioning of the ATALS Endcap Muon Trigger...

177

E-Print Network 3.0 - atlas trigger system Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

First Result of Global Commissioning of the ATALS Endcap Muon Trigger System in ATLAS Cavern Summary: The First Result of Global Commissioning of the ATALS Endcap Muon Trigger...

178

Pathogen-Triggered Ethylene Signaling Mediates Systemic-Induced Susceptibility to Herbivory in ArabidopsisW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pathogen-Triggered Ethylene Signaling Mediates Systemic-Induced Susceptibility to Herbivory-triggered ethylene signaling, respectively. SIS to herbivory is, in turn, counteracted by a combination

Pierce, Naomi E.

179

Commissioning of the ATLAS Electron, Photon and Tau Trigger Selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since March 2010, the ATLAS experiment has been recording collisions of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at a center of mass energy of 7 TeV. At low instantaneous luminosity, data were selected by the hardware based Level-1 trigger and processed by the software based High Level Trigger (HLT) without active rejection; as the luminosity increased, the HLT rejection has been gradually activated. Since then, electrons from J/$psi$, bottom, charm, W and Z decays, prompt photons and a first sample of tau hadronic decays from W have been efficiently selected. This paper gives an overview of the implementation of the electron, photon and tau trigger trigger selection algorithms and of the first experience running these triggers online. The performance of the three trigger levels is discussed and a set of comparisons of the online discriminating variables with offline reconstruction is shown, as well as the comparison of data with the Monte Carlo simulation on which the current selection was tuned.

Mora Herrera, C; The ATLAS collaboration

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

The FORTE receiver and sub-band triggering unit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The FORTE payload receiver and trigger unit represent a significant advance over the currently flying BLACKBEARD payload aboard the ALEXIS satellite. Not only is the polarization sensitive antenna array massive compared to the BLACKBEARD monopole, but the event triggering scheme is completely different. Electromagnetic pulses (EWs) are dispersed when they pass through the ionosphere creating a chirped frequency signal which can be helpful in discriminating between natural and man-made signals. Payloads designed to digitize and store the RF signatures of these signals must include sophisticated triggering circuitry to select events of interest and prevent false alarms from wasting the available memory storage resources. The FORTE wideband receiver tunes from 20 to 320 MHz with eight sub-band trigger channels distributed across the 20 MHz IF bandwidth. The conditions which must be satisfied to generate an event trigger are processor controlled. Early testing of the prototype indicates an ability to reliably trigger on chirped RF signals several dB below the noise level. FORTE is scheduled to be launched with a Pegasus XL vehicle in late 1995.

Enemark, D.C.; Shipley, M.E.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Review of trigger and on-line processors at SLAC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The role of trigger and on-line processors in reducing data rates to manageable proportions in e/sup +/e/sup -/ physics experiments is defined not by high physics or background rates, but by the large event sizes of the general-purpose detectors employed. The rate of e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation is low, and backgrounds are not high; yet the number of physics processes which can be studied is vast and varied. This paper begins by briefly describing the role of trigger processors in the e/sup +/e/sup -/ context. The usual flow of the trigger decision process is illustrated with selected examples of SLAC trigger processing. The features are mentioned of triggering at the SLC and the trigger processing plans of the two SLC detectors: The Mark II and the SLD. The most common on-line processors at SLAC, the BADC, the SLAC Scanner Processor, the SLAC FASTBUS Controller, and the VAX CAMAC Channel, are discussed. Uses of the 168/E, 3081/E, and FASTBUS VAX processors are mentioned. The manner in which these processors are interfaced and the function they serve on line is described. Finally, the accelerator control system for the SLC is outlined. This paper is a survey in nature, and hence, relies heavily upon references to previous publications for detailed description of work mentioned here. 27 references, 9 figures, 1 table.

Lankford, A.J.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Numerical Simulation of Three-Dimensional Tsunami Generation by Subaerial Landslides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M , maximum wave height HM , opposite slope angle , the distance from impact point x, the wave celerity c. The waves are de ned as a function, f(r; ; t), where r is the radial propagation distance from the origin relative to the landslide direction...M , maximum wave height HM , opposite slope angle , the distance from impact point x, the wave celerity c. The waves are de ned as a function, f(r; ; t), where r is the radial propagation distance from the origin relative to the landslide direction...

Kim, Gyeongbo 1978-

2012-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

183

Gravitational waves and gamma-ray bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma-Ray Bursts are likely associated with a catastrophic energy release in stellar mass objects. Electromagnetic observations provide important, but indirect information on the progenitor. On the other hand, gravitational waves emitted from the central source, carry direct information on its nature. In this context, I give an overview of the multi-messenger study of gamma-ray bursts that can be carried out by using electromagnetic and gravitational wave observations. I also underline the importance of joint electromagnetic and gravitational wave searches, in the absence of a gamma-ray trigger. Finally, I discuss how multi-messenger observations may probe alternative gamma-ray burst progenitor models, such as the magnetar scenario.

Alessandra Corsi; for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration; for the Virgo Collaboration

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

184

Identification of Submarine Landslide for Tsunami Hazard Assessment in the Gulf of Mexico Using a Probabilistic Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IDENTIFICATION OF SUBMARINE LANDSLIDE FOR TSUNAMI HAZARD ASSESSMENT IN THE GULF OF MEXICO USING A PROBABILISTIC APPROACH A Thesis by LISHA LOHITHAKSHAN PARAMBATH Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2.8 Probability of observed length of landslide having lognormal distribution 13 2.9 GOM location and identification of publicly available borehole data . 16 2.10 Classification and characteristics of soil at transect A, (IODP), red : indicate data...

Lohithakshan Parambath, Lisha

2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

185

INTRODUCTION Intracellular Ca2+ waves are triggered in somatic cells in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Stricker, 1999; Dumollard et al., 2002). These Ca2+ signals are necessary for egg activation [Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptors (IP3R)], which mediate intracellular Ca2+ release, and Ca2+ pumps [sarco

Sardet, Christian

186

Eric Feng, HEP Lunch Seminar A Beam-Beam Trigger for ATLAS with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eric Feng, HEP Lunch Seminar 4/23/07 1 A Beam-Beam Trigger for ATLAS with MinBias Trigger) · Trigger the ATLAS detector during early low-luminosity running, especially commissioning run at 900 Ge/23/07 6 Scope Trace of Signal from Trigger Cable Low gain: · Differential signal, single shot (left

187

Simulation studies of the HADES first level trigger PART II: Performance in hadron induced reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The HADES first level trigger is studied for the system p+Ni at a beam energy of 2 AGeV. The timing properties of the trigger signal are reported. The efficiency loss due to deadtime is specified. A trigger requirement of a time overlap window with the start detector is described. The trigger rates for different overlap windows are given.

R. Schicker; H. Tsertos

1996-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

188

Technology Transfer: Triggering New Global Markets and Job Growth |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Technology Transfer: Triggering New Global Markets and Job Growth Technology Transfer: Triggering New Global Markets and Job Growth Technology Transfer: Triggering New Global Markets and Job Growth September 20, 2011 - 11:33am Addthis The Global Positioning System (GPS) was initially a government technology developed to guide nuclear missiles, and is one of the many examples of the economic potential of successful technology transfer -- the now worldwide location technologies market is projected to grow to $75 billion by 2013. The Global Positioning System (GPS) was initially a government technology developed to guide nuclear missiles, and is one of the many examples of the economic potential of successful technology transfer -- the now worldwide location technologies market is projected to grow to $75 billion by 2013.

189

The run IIb trigger upgrade for the DO experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will contain a Gbit/s serial link. This will allow the MTCM to be bypassed in forming the trigger decision that is sent to the trigger framework. V. LEVEL 2 BETA PROCESSORS All L2 processors occupy 9U VME64 for physics crates. These crates provide dual... backplanes: a standard VME bus, and a custom-built 128-bit magic bus or MBus (a handshaking 344 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 51, NO. 3, JUNE 2004 bus capable of data transfer rates up to 320 MB/s). Each crate contains a number of devices...

Wilson, Graham Wallace; Padley, P.; Olsen, J.; Narain, M.; Mitrevski, J.; Le Du, P.; Laurens, P.; Johnson, M.; Johns, K.; Hirosky, R.; Hildreth, M.

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Erosion waves: transverse instabilities and fingering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two laboratory scale experiments of dry and under-water avalanches of non-cohesive granular materials are investigated. We trigger solitary waves and study the conditions under which the front is transversally stable. We show the existence of a linear instability followed by a coarsening dynamics and finally the onset of a fingering pattern. Due to the different operating conditions, both experiments strongly differ by the spatial and time scales involved. Nevertheless, the quantitative agreement between the stability diagram, the wavelengths selected and the avalanche morphology reveals a common scenario for an erosion/deposition process.

F. Malloggi; J. Lanuza; B. Andreotti; E. Clment

2005-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

191

Final report on LDRD project : advanced optical trigger systems.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advanced optically-activated solid-state electrical switch development at Sandia has demonstrated multi-kA/kV switching and the path for scalability to even higher current/power. Realization of this potential requires development of new optical sources/switches based on key Sandia photonic device technologies: vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) and photoconductive semiconductor switch (PCSS) devices. The key to increasing the switching capacity of PCSS devices to 5kV/5kA and higher is to distribute the current in multiple parallel line filaments triggered by an array of high-brightness line-shaped illuminators. Commercial mechanically-stacked edge-emitting lasers have been used to trigger multiple filaments, but they are difficult to scale and manufacture with the required uniformity. In VCSEL arrays, adjacent lasers utilize identical semiconductor material and are lithographically patterned to the required dimensions. We have demonstrated multiple-line filament triggering using VCSEL arrays to approximate line generation. These arrays of uncoupled circular-aperture VCSELs have fill factors ranging from 2% to 30%. Using these arrays, we have developed a better understanding of the illumination requirements for stable triggering of multiple-filament PCSS devices. Photoconductive semiconductor switch (PCSS) devices offer advantages of high voltage operation (multi-kV), optical isolation, triggering with laser pulses that cannot occur accidentally in nature, low cost, high speed, small size, and radiation hardness. PCSS devices are candidates for an assortment of potential applications that require multi-kA switching of current. The key to increasing the switching capacity of PCSS devices to 5kV/5kA and higher is to distribute the current in multiple parallel line filaments triggered by an array of high-brightness line-shaped illuminators. Commercial mechanically-stacked edge-emitting lasers have been demonstrated to trigger multiple filaments, but they are difficult to scale and manufacture with the required uniformity. As a promising alternative to multiple discrete edge-emitting lasers, a single wafer of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) can be lithographically patterned to achieve the desired layout of parallel line-shaped emitters, in which adjacent lasers utilize identical semiconductor material and thereby achieve a degree of intrinsic optical uniformity. Under this LDRD project, we have fabricated arrays of uncoupled circular-aperture VCSELs to approximate a line-shaped illumination pattern, achieving optical fill factors ranging from 2% to 30%. We have applied these VCSEL arrays to demonstrate single and dual parallel line-filament triggering of PCSS devices. Moreover, we have developed a better understanding of the illumination requirements for stable triggering of multiple-filament PCSS devices using VCSEL arrays. We have found that reliable triggering of multiple filaments requires matching of the turn-on time of adjacent VCSEL line-shaped-arrays to within approximately 1 ns. Additionally, we discovered that reliable triggering of PCSS devices at low voltages requires more optical power than we obtained with our first generation of VCSEL arrays. A second generation of higher-power VCSEL arrays was designed and fabricated at the end of this LDRD project, and testing with PCSS devices is currently underway (as of September 2008).

Roose, Lars D.; Hadley, G. Ronald; Mar, Alan; Serkland, Darwin Keith; Geib, Kent Martin; Sullivan, Charles Thomas; Keeler, Gordon Arthur; Bauer, Thomas M. (LMATA Government Services, LLC., Albuquerque, NM); Peake, Gregory Merwin; Loubriel, Guillermo Manuel; Montano, Victoria A. (LMATA Government Services, LLC., Albuquerque, NM)

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Performance of the online track reconstruction and impact on hadronic triggers at the CMS High Level Trigger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The trigger systems of the LHC detectors play a crucial role in determining the physics capabilities of the experiments. A reduction of several orders of magnitude of the event rate is needed to reach values compatible with the detector readout, offline storage and analysis capabilities. The CMS experiment has been designed with a two-level trigger system: the Level 1 (L1) Trigger, implemented on custom-designed electronics, and the High Level Trigger (HLT), a streamlined version of the CMS reconstruction and analysis software running on a computer farm. The software-base HLT requires a trade-off between the complexity of the algorithms, the sustainable output rate, and the selection efficiency. This is going to be even more challenging during Run II, with a higher centre-of-mass energy, a higher instantaneous luminosity and pileup, and the impact of out-of-time pileup due to the 25 ns bunch spacing. The online algorithms need to be optimised for such a complex environment in order to keep the output rate under control without impacting the physics efficiency of the online selection. Tracking, for instance, will play an even more important role in the event reconstruction. In this poster we will present the performance of the online track and vertex reconstruction algorithms, and their impact on the hadronic triggers that make use of b-tagging and of jets reconstructed with the Particle Flow technique. We will show the impact of these triggers on physics performance of the experiment, and the latest plans for improvements in view of the Run II data taking in 2015.

Valentina Gori

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

193

Plane waves Lumped systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Impedance · Plane waves ­ Lumped systems S x y z Impedance · Plane waves ­ Lumped systems · open tube #12;2 Impedance · Plane waves ­ Lumped systems · closed tube Impedance · Cylindrical waves z x y r #12;3 Impedance · Cylindrical waves ­ Circumferential part n=0 n=1 n=2 n=3 Impedance · Cylindrical

Berlin,Technische Universität

194

Carbon Detonation and Shock-Triggered Helium Burning in Neutron Star Superbursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The strong degeneracy of the 12C ignition layer on an accreting neutron star results in a hydrodynamic thermonuclear runaway, in which the nuclear heating time becomes shorter than the local dynamical time. We model the resulting combustion wave during these superbursts as an upward propagating detonation. We solve the reactive fluid flow and show that the detonation propagates through the deepest layers of fuel and drives a shock wave that steepens as it travels upward into lower density material. The shock is sufficiently strong upon reaching the freshly accreted H/He layer that it triggers unstable 4He burning if the superburst occurs during the latter half of the regular Type I bursting cycle; this is likely the origin of the bright Type I precursor bursts observed at the onset of superbursts. The cooling of the outermost shock-heated layers produces a bright, ~0.1s, flash that precedes the Type I burst by a few seconds; this may be the origin of the spike seen at the burst onset in 4U 1820-30 and 4U 1636-54, the only two bursts observed with RXTE at high time resolution. The dominant products of the 12C detonation are 28Si, 32S, and 36Ar. Gupta et al. showed that a crust composed of such intermediate mass elements has a larger heat flux than one composed of iron-peak elements and helps bring the superburst ignition depth into better agreement with values inferred from observations.

Nevin N. Weinberg; Lars Bildsten

2007-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

195

Carbon Detonation and Shock-Triggered Helium Burning in Neutron Star Superbursts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The strong degeneracy of the 12C ignition layer on an accreting neutron star results in a hydrodynamic thermonuclear runaway, in which the nuclear heating time becomes shorter than the local dynamical time. We model the resulting combustion wave during these superbursts as an upward-propagating detonation. We solve the reactive fluid flow and show that the detonation propagates through the deepest layers of fuel and drives a shock wave that steepens as it travels upward into lower density material. The shock is sufficiently strong on reaching the freshly accreted H/He layer that it triggers unstable 4He burning if the superburst occurs during the latter half of the regular type I bursting cycle; this is likely the origin of the bright type I precursor bursts observed at the onset of superbursts. The cooling of the outermost shock-heated layers produces a bright, ?0.1 s, flash that precedes the type I burst by a few seconds; this may be the origin of the spike seen at the burst onset in 4U 1820-30 and 4U 1636-54, the only two bursts observed with RXTE at high time resolution. The dominant products of the 12C detonation are 28Si, 32S, and 36Ar. Gupta et al. showed that a crust composed of such intermediate-mass elements has a larger heat flux than one composed of iron-peak elements and helps bring the superburst ignition depth into better agreement with values inferred from observations.

Nevin N. Weinberg; Lars Bildsten

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Triggered Star Formation in the Scorpius-Centaurus OB Association (Sco OB2)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore the star formation history of the Upper Scorpius OB association, the youngest part of Sco OB2. A wide field (160 square-degree) survey for low-mass pre-main sequence (PMS) stars enabled us to increase the number of known low-mass members of Upper Scorpius to nearly 100 stars. In a detailed analysis of the locations of these stars in the HR diagram, taking proper account of the uncertainties and the effects of unresolved binaries, we find a mean stellar age of about 5 Myr and no evidence for a significant age dispersion among these stars. This implies that the star formation history of the Upper Scorpius association was dominated by a short star-burst, which started about 5 Myr ago and ended probably not more than one or two Myr later. Interestingly, the structure and kinematics of the HI shells surrounding the Sco OB2 association show that the shock wave of a supernova explosion in the nearby Upper Centaurus-Lupus association, the oldest part of Sco OB2, crossed Upper Scorpius just about 5 Myr ago. This strongly suggests that this supernova shock wave triggered the star-burst in Upper Scorpius.

Thomas Preibisch; Hans Zinnecker

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Propagation of sound waves through a spatially homogeneous but smoothly time-dependent medium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The propagation of sound through a spatially homogeneous but non-stationary medium is investigated within the framework of fluid dynamics. For a non-vortical fluid, especially, a generalized wave equation is derived for the (scalar) potential of the fluid velocity distribution in dependence of the equilibrium mass density of the fluid and the sound wave velocity. A solution of this equation for a finite transition period ? is determined in terms of the hypergeometric function for a phenomenologically realistic, sigmoidal change of the mass density and sound wave velocity. Using this solution, it is shown that the energy flux of the sound wave is not conserved but increases always for the propagation through a non-stationary medium, independent of whether the equilibrium mass density is increased or decreased. It is found, moreover, that this amplification of the transmitted wave arises from an energy exchange with the medium and that its flux is equal to the (total) flux of the incident and the reflected wave. An interpretation of the reflected wave as a propagation of sound backward in time is given in close analogy to Feynman and Stueckelberg for the propagation of anti-particles. The reflection and transmission coefficients of sound propagating through a non-stationary medium is analyzed in more detail for hypersonic waves with transition periods ? between 15 and 200 ps as well as the transformation of infrasound waves in non-stationary oceans. -- Highlights: Analytically exact study of sound propagation through a non-stationary medium. Energy exchange between the non-stationary medium and the sound wave. Transformation of hypersonic and ultrasound frequencies in non-stationary media. Propagation of sound backward in time in close analogy to anti-particles. Prediction of tsunamis both in spatially and temporally inhomogeneous oceans.

Hayrapetyan, A.G., E-mail: armen@physi.uni-heidelberg.de [Physikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universitt Heidelberg, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Max-Planck-Institut fr Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Grigoryan, K.K.; Petrosyan, R.G. [Yerevan State University, 1 Alex Manoogian Str., 0025 Yerevan (Armenia)] [Yerevan State University, 1 Alex Manoogian Str., 0025 Yerevan (Armenia); Fritzsche, S. [Helmholtz-Institut Jena, Frbelstieg 3, D-07743 Jena (Germany) [Helmholtz-Institut Jena, Frbelstieg 3, D-07743 Jena (Germany); Theoretisch-Physikalisches Institut, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitt Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, D-07743 Jena (Germany)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

198

AN EXTREME-ULTRAVIOLET WAVE ASSOCIATED WITH A SURGE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Taking advantage of the high temporal and spatial resolution observations from the Solar Dynamics Observatory, we present an extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) wave associated with a surge on 2010 November 13. Due to the magnetic flux cancelation, some surges formed in the source active region (AR). The strongest surge produced our studied event. The surge was deflected by the nearby loops that connected to another AR, and disrupted the overlying loops that slowly expanded and eventually evolved into a weak coronal mass ejection (CME). The surge was likely associated with the core of the CME. The EUV wave happened after the surge deflected. The wave departed far from the flare center and showed a close location relative to the deflected surge. The wave propagated in a narrow angular extent, mainly in the ejection direction of the surge. The close timing and location relations between the EUV wave and the surge indicate that the wave was closely associated with the CME. The wave had a velocity of 310-350 km s{sup -1}, while the speeds of the surge and the expanding loops were about 130 and 150 km s{sup -1}, respectively. All of the results suggest that the EUV wave was a fast-mode wave and was most likely triggered by the weak CME.

Zheng, Ruisheng; Jiang, Yunchun; Yang, Jiayan; Bi, Yi; Hong, Junchao; Yang, Bo; Yang, Dan, E-mail: zhrsh@ynao.ac.cn [National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650011 (China)] [National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650011 (China)

2013-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

199

Affinity Purification of Plasmid DNA by Temperature-Triggered Precipitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Affinity Purification of Plasmid DNA by Temperature-Triggered Precipitation Jan Kostal, Ashok purification method, which takes advantage of the DNA- binding affinity and specificity of the bacterial increasing the temper- ature, ELP undergoes a reversible phase transition from water-soluble forms

Chen, Wilfred

200

Liquefaction Triggering Evaluations at DOE Sites An Update  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Liquefaction Triggering Evaluations at DOE Sites An Update 2014 Natural Phenomena Hazards Meeting October 21-22, 2014 Germantown, Maryland Michael R. Lewis, Bechtel Corporation Michael D. Boone, Bechtel Corporation Rucker J. Williams, Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC Brent Gutierrez, U.S. Department of Energy, Savannah River Site

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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201

Global warming triggers the loss of a key Arctic refugium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research articles 1001 69 60 Global warming triggers the loss of a key Arctic...change that is being driven by global warming. In stark contrast to the amplified...planet's last Arctic refugia from global warming, largely because of the moderating...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

ATLAS Muon TGC Trigger Electronics Slave Board ASIC Extended URD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATLAS Muon TGC Trigger Electronics Slave Board ASIC Extended URD Version 0 June 2000 1 Slave Board position of a MATRIX while one from the pivot plane specifies one of the raw. Thus the #12;ATLAS Muon TGC at the highest r is selected from each section giving three hits per an SB chip for the wire triplet. #12;ATLAS

Fukunaga, Chikara

203

EFFICIENT BIOMOLECULE PRE-CONCENTRATION BY NANOFILTER-TRIGGERED ELECTROKINETIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering, 2 Biological Engineering Division 3 Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science either porous silica particles or Nafion® membrane as a means to create ion depletion, we used planar in various dimensions to demonstrate the preconcentration mechanism triggered by ion-selective nanochannels

204

Trigger Algorithm Development on FPGA-based Compute Nodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and implementation work has been being executed for HADES and PANDA trigger algorithms. We present our designs for HADES track reconstruction pro- cessing, Cherenkov ring recognition, Time-Of-Flight processing physics exper- iments, for example HADES [1] and PANDA [2] at FAIR, are expected to run at a very high

Jantsch, Axel

205

Tsunamis and seismic seiches reported from regions adjacent to the Indian Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1947). 1818 March 18. Sumatra, Bengkulu (3 48~S., 102...883). 1833 January 29. Sumatra. A great sea wave destroyed...tossed about as if by waves in a squall of wind", (Oldham, 1883...South coasts of Sumatra and Java Bengkunat Bay...

Wm. H. Berninghausen

206

Vulnerability of the Dover Strait to coseismic tsunami hazards: insights from numerical modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......faulting promotes energy propagation towards...for example, offshore sand banks or coastal...and not a simple wind wave in terms of energy content). Calais...Sands (large, offshore sand waves) and...undersea slumps off Norway during the early......

J. Roger; Y. Gunnell

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Reduced order prediction of rare events in unidirectional nonlinear water waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the problem of short-term prediction of rare, extreme water waves in unidirectional fields, a critical topic for ocean structures and naval operations. One possible mechanism for the occurrence of such rare, unusually-intense waves is nonlinear wave focusing. Recent results have demonstrated that random localizations of energy, induced by the dispersive mixing of different harmonics, can grow significantly due to localized nonlinear focusing. Here we show how the interplay between i) statistical properties captured through linear information such as the waves power spectrum and ii) nonlinear dynamical properties of focusing localized wave groups defines a critical length scale associated with the formation of extreme events. The energy that is locally concentrated over this length scale acts as the "trigger" of nonlinear focusing for wave groups and the formation of subsequent rare events. We use this property to develop inexpensive, short-term predictors of large water waves. Specifically, we sho...

Cousins, Will

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Local Star formation triggered by SN shocks in magnetized diffuse neutral clouds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, considering the impact of a SNR with a neutral magnetized cloud we derived analytically a set of conditions which are favorable for driving gravitational instability in the cloud and thus star formation. We have built diagrams of the SNR radius, versus the cloud density, that constrain a domain in the parameter space where star formation is allowed. The diagrams are also tested with fully 3-D MHD simulations involving a SNR and a self-gravitating cloud and we find that the numerical analysis is consistent with the results predicted by the diagrams. While the inclusion of a homogeneous magnetic field approximately perpendicular to the impact velocity of the SNR with an intensity ~1 $ mu$G results only a small shrinking of the star formation triggering zone in the diagrams, a larger magnetic field (~10 $ mu$G) causes a significant shrinking, as expected. Applications of the diagrams to a few regions of our own galaxy have revealed that star formation in those sites could have been triggered by shock waves from SNRs. Finally, we have evaluated the effective star formation efficiency for this sort of interaction and found that it is smaller than the observed values in our own Galaxy (sfe ~0.01-0.3). This result is consistent with previous work in the literature and also suggests that the mechanism presently investigated, though very powerful to drive structure formation, supersonic turbulence and eventually, local star formation, does not seem to be sufficient to drive global star formation in normal star forming galaxies, not even when the magnetic field in the neutral clouds is neglected. (abridged)

M. R. M. Leao; E. M. de Gouveia Dal Pino; D. Falceta-Goncalves; C. Melioli; F. G. Geraissate

2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

209

Outlook for detection of GW inspirals by GRB-triggered searches in the Advanced detector era  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Short, hard gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are believed to originate from the coalescence of two neutron stars (NSs) or a NS and a black hole (BH). If this scenario is correct, then short GRBs will be accompanied by the emission of strong gravitational waves (GWs), detectable by GW observatories such as LIGO, Virgo, KAGRA, and LIGO-India. As compared with blind, all-sky, all-time GW searches, externally triggered searches for GW counterparts to short GRBs have the advantages of both significantly reduced detection threshold due to known time and sky location and enhanced GW amplitude because of face-on orientation. Based on the distribution of signal-to-noise ratios in candidate compact binary coalescence events in the most recent joint LIGO-Virgo data, our analytic estimates, and our Monte Carlo simulations, we find an effective sensitive volume for GRB-triggered searches that is about 2 times greater than for an all-sky, all-time search. For NS-NS systems, a jet angle of 20 degrees, a gamma-ray satellite field of view of 10% of the sky, and priors with generally precessing spin, this doubles the number of NS-NS short-GRB and NS-BH short-GRB associations, to ~3-4% of all detections of NS-NSs and NS-BHs. We also investigate the power of tests for statistical excesses in lists of subthreshold events, and show that these are unlikely to reveal a subthreshold population until finding GW associations to short GRBs is already routine. Finally, we provide useful formulas for calculating the prior distribution of GW amplitudes from a compact binary coalescence, for a given GW detector network and given sky location.

Alexander Dietz; Nickolas Fotopoulos; Leo Singer; Curt Cutler

2013-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

210

Evaluation of Light-Triggered Thyristors for Pulsed Power Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has many needs for high reliability, high peak current, high di/dt switches. Solid-state switch technology offers the demonstrated advantage of reliability under a variety of conditions. Light-triggered switches operate with a reduced susceptibility to electromagnetic interference commonly found within pulsed power environments. Despite the advantages, commercially available solid-state switches are not typically designed for the often extreme pulsed power requirements. Testing was performed to bound the limits of devices for pulsed power applications beyond the manufacturers specified ratings. To test the applicability of recent commercial light-triggered solid-state designs, an adjustable high current switch test stand was assembled. Results from testing and subsequent selected implementations are presented.

Tully, L K; Fulkerson, E S; Goerz, D A; Speer, R D

2008-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

211

E-Print Network 3.0 - atlas central trigger Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

First Result of Global Commissioning of the ATALS Endcap Muon Trigger System in ATLAS Cavern Summary: logic as the normal output of the TGC trigger system to the ATLAS central...

212

April 13, 2010 FTK: a hardware track finder for the ATLAS trigger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transverse momentum. Some triggers can take much greater than the allowed average level-2 event execution time as long as that class represents a small fraction of the total level-1 trigger rate. But we don

213

Muon Endcap Trigger Electronics Document presented for FDR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Muon Endcap Trigger Electronics Document presented for FDR held on March 1, 2004 CF High-pT (Hi information from both inputs are made coincidence in the matrix block to identify high pT muons (pT > 20 GeV/c). Maximum two highest pT muons can be selected in 2-out-of- 6 select block, and the position data

Fukunaga, Chikara

214

Implementation And Performance of the ATLAS Second Level Jet Trigger  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ATLAS is one of the four major LHC experiments, designed to cover a wide range of physics topics. In order to cope with a rate of 40MHz and 25 interactions per bunch crossing, the ATLAS trigger system is divided in three different levels. The jet selection starts at first level with dedicated processors that search for high E{sub T} hadronic energy depositions. At the LVL2, the jet signatures are verified with the execution of a dedicated, fast jet reconstruction algorithm, followed by a calibration algorithm. Three possible granularities have been proposed and are being evaluated: cell based (standard), energy sums calculated at each Front-End Board and the use of the LVL1 Trigger Towers. In this presentation, the design and implementation of the jet trigger of ATLAS will be discussed in detail, emphasazing the major difficulties of each selection step. The performance of the jet algorithm, including timing, efficiencies and rates will also be shown, with detailed comparisons of the different unpacking modes.

Conde Muino, Patricia; /Lisbon, LIFEP; Aracena, I.; /SLAC; Brelier, B.; /Montreal U.; Cranmer, K.; /Brookhaven; Delsart, P.A.; /Montreal U.; Dufour, M.A.; /McGill U.; Eckweiler, S.; /Mainz U., Inst. Phys.; Ferland, J.; /Montreal U.; Idarraga, J.; /Montreal U.; Johns, K.; /Arizona U.; LeCompte, T.; /Argonne; Potter, C.; Robertson, S.; Santamarina Rios, C.; /McGill U.; Segura, E.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Silverstein, D.; /SLAC; Vachon, B.; /McGill U.

2011-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

215

The FTK: A Hardware Track Finder for the ATLAS Trigger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ATLAS experiment trigger system is designed to reduce the event rate, at the LHC design luminosity of 1034 cm-2 s-1, from the nominal bunch crossing rate of 40 MHz to less than 1 kHz for permanent storage. During Run 1, the LHC has performed exceptionally well, routinely exceeding the design luminosity. From 2015 the LHC is due to operate with higher still luminosities. This will place a significant load on the High Level Trigger system, both due to the need for more sophisticated algorithms to reject background, and from the larger data volumes that will need to be processed. The Fast TracKer is a hardware upgrade for Run 2, consisting of a custom electronics system that will operate at the full rate for Level-1 accepted events of 100 kHz and provide high quality tracks at the beginning of processing in the High Level Trigger. This will perform track reconstruction using hardware with massive parallelism using associative memories and FPGAs. The availability of the full tracking information will enable r...

Alison, J; The ATLAS collaboration; Anderson, J; Andreani, A; Andreazza, A; Annovi, A; Antonelli, M; Atkinson, M; Auerbach, B; Baines, J; Barberio, E; Beccherle, R; Beretta, M; Biesuz, N V; Blair, R; Blazey, G; Bogdan, M; Boveia, A; Britzger, D; Bryant, P; Burghgrave, B; Calderini, G; Cavaliere, V; Cavasinni, V; Chakraborty, D; Chang, P; Cheng, Y; Cipriani, R; Citraro, S; Citterio, M; Crescioli, F; Dell'Orso, M; Donati, S; Dondero, P; Drake, G; Gadomski, S; Gatta, M; Gentsos, C; Giannetti, P; Giulini, M; Gkaitatzis, S; Howarth, J W; Iizawa, T; Kapliy, A; Kasten, M; Kim, Y K; Kimura, N; Klimkovich, T; Kordas, K; Korikawa, T; Krizka, K; Kubota, T; Lanza, A; Lasagni, F; Liberali, V; Li, H L; Love, J; Luciano, P; Luongo, C; Magalotti, D; Melachrinos, C; Meroni, C; Mitani, T; Negri, A; Neroutsos, P; Neubauer, M; Nikolaidis, S; Okumura, Y; Pandini, C; Penning, B; Petridou, C; Piendibene, M; Proudfoot, J; Rados, P; Roda, C; Rossi, E; Sakurai, Y; Sampsonidis, D; Sampsonidou, D; Schmitt, S; Schoening, A; Shochet, M; Shojaii, S; Soltveit, H; Sotiropoulou, C L; Stabile, A; Tang, F; Testa, M; Tompkins, L; Vercesi, V; Villa, M; Volpi, G; Webster, J; Wu, X; Yorita, K; Yurkewicz, A; Zeng, J C; Zhang, J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Simulation and detection of tsunami signatures in ocean surface currents measured by HF radar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-frequency (HF) surface wave radars provide the unique capability to continuously monitor the coastal environment far beyond the range of conventional microwave radars. Bragg-resonant backscattering by ocean ...

Klaus-Werner Gurgel; Anna Dzvonkovskaya; Thomas Pohlmann; Thomas Schlick

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Characterization of return-stroke currents in rocket-triggered J. Schoene,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characterization of return-stroke currents in rocket-triggered lightning J. Schoene,1 M. A. Uman,2 return strokes in 46 rocket-triggered lightning flashes. The flashes were triggered during a variety. The return-stroke current, after measurement, was injected into either one of two test power lines

Florida, University of

218

ATLAS Muon TGC Trigger Electronics High-pT ASIC Specification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATLAS Muon TGC Trigger Electronics High-pT ASIC Specification Version 1.02 August, 2002 1 High-pT Trigger ASIC for ATLAS TGC1 Contents High-pT ASIC Technical Document 1. Introduction 2. Overview.comp.metro-u.ac.jp/~fukunaga/public_html/atlas/HipTASIC.pdf #12;ATLAS Muon TGC Trigger Electronics High

Fukunaga, Chikara

219

Earthquake nucleation and triggering on an optimally oriented fault Carl Tape a,n  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or too obscured to obtain reliable source mechanisms. We present observations of instantaneous triggeringEarthquake nucleation and triggering on an optimally oriented fault Carl Tape a,n , Michael West the first observation of combined nucleation and triggering, and it suggests that transient stresses during

West, Michael

220

PROPAGATING WAVES ALONG SPICULES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Alfvenic waves are thought to play an important role in coronal heating and acceleration of solar wind. Here we investigate the statistical properties of Alfvenic waves along spicules (jets that protrude into the corona) in a polar coronal hole using high-cadence observations of the Solar Optical Telescope on board Hinode. We developed a technique for the automated detection of spicules and high-frequency waves. We detected 89 spicules and found (1) a mix of upward propagating, downward propagating, as well as standing waves (occurrence rates of 59%, 21%, and 20%, respectively); (2) the phase speed gradually increases with height; (3) upward waves dominant at lower altitudes, standing waves at higher altitudes; (4) standing waves dominant in the early and late phases of each spicule, while upward waves were dominant in the middle phase; (5) in some spicules, we find waves propagating upward (from the bottom) and downward (from the top) to form a standing wave in the middle of the spicule; and (6) the medians of the amplitude, period, and velocity amplitude were 55 km, 45 s, and 7.4 km s{sup -1}, respectively. We speculate that upward propagating waves are produced near the solar surface (below the spicule) and downward propagating waves are caused by reflection of (initially) upward propagating waves off the transition region at the spicule top. The mix of upward and downward propagating waves implies that exploiting these waves to perform seismology of the spicular environment requires careful analysis and may be problematic.

Okamoto, Takenori J. [National Astronomical Observatory, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); De Pontieu, Bart, E-mail: joten.okamoto@nao.ac.jp [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, B/252, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

PHOTOMETRICALLY TRIGGERED KECK SPECTROSCOPY OF FERMI BL LACERTAE OBJECTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on Keck spectra of 10 Fermi blazars. J0622+3326, previously unobserved, is shown to be a flat-spectrum radio quasar at redshift z = 1.062. The others are known BL Lac type objects that have resisted previous attempts to secure redshifts. Using a photometric monitoring campaign with the 0.76 m Katzman Automatic Imaging Telescope at Lick Observatory, we identified epochs when the relativistic jet emission was fainter than usual, thus triggering the Keck spectroscopy. This strategy gives improved sensitivity to stars and ionized gas in the host galaxy, thereby providing improved redshift constraints for seven of these sources.

Shaw, Michael S.; Romani, Roger W. [Department of Physics/KIPAC, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Filippenko, Alexei V.; Cenko, S. Bradley; Li, Weidong [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Kelvin Waves around Antarctica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Southern Ocean allows circumpolar structure and the Antarctic coastline plays a role as a waveguide for oceanic Kelvin waves. Under the cyclic conditions, the horizontal wavenumbers and frequencies for circumpolarly propagating waves are ...

Kazuya Kusahara; Kay I. Ohshima

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

MAGNETIC FIELD STRUCTURES TRIGGERING SOLAR FLARES AND CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar flares and coronal mass ejections, the most catastrophic eruptions in our solar system, have been known to affect terrestrial environments and infrastructure. However, because their triggering mechanism is still not sufficiently understood, our capacity to predict the occurrence of solar eruptions and to forecast space weather is substantially hindered. Even though various models have been proposed to determine the onset of solar eruptions, the types of magnetic structures capable of triggering these eruptions are still unclear. In this study, we solved this problem by systematically surveying the nonlinear dynamics caused by a wide variety of magnetic structures in terms of three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations. As a result, we determined that two different types of small magnetic structures favor the onset of solar eruptions. These structures, which should appear near the magnetic polarity inversion line (PIL), include magnetic fluxes reversed to the potential component or the nonpotential component of major field on the PIL. In addition, we analyzed two large flares, the X-class flare on 2006 December 13 and the M-class flare on 2011 February 13, using imaging data provided by the Hinode satellite, and we demonstrated that they conform to the simulation predictions. These results suggest that forecasting of solar eruptions is possible with sophisticated observation of a solar magnetic field, although the lead time must be limited by the timescale of changes in the small magnetic structures.

Kusano, K.; Bamba, Y.; Yamamoto, T. T. [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601 (Japan); Iida, Y.; Toriumi, S. [Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Asai, A., E-mail: kusano@nagoya-u.jp [Unit of Synergetic Studies for Space, Kyoto University, 17 Kitakazan Ohmine-cho, Yamashina-ku, Kyoto 607-8471 (Japan)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

224

Front-end electronics and trigger systems - status and challenges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The past quarter century has brought about a revolution in front-end electronics for large-scale detector systems. Custom integrated circuits specifically tailored to the requirements of large detector systems have provided unprecedented performance and enabled systems that once were deemed impossible. The evolution of integrated circuit readouts in strip detectors is summarized, the present status described, and challenges posed by the sLHC and ILC are discussed. Performance requirements increase, but key considerations remain as in the past: power dissipation, material, and services. Smaller CMOS feature sizes will not provide the required electronic noise at lower power, but will improve digital power efficiency. Significant improvements appear to be practical in more efficient power distribution. Enhanced digital electronics have provided powerful trigger processors that greatly improve the trigger efficiency. In data readout systems they also improve data throughput, while reducing power requirements. Concurrently with new developments in high energy physics, detector systems for cosmology and astrophysics have made great strides. As an example, a large-scale readout for superconducting bolometer arrays is described.

Spieler, Helmuth G; Spieler, Helmuth G

2007-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

225

Gravity perturbed Crapper waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...waves are known to have multi-valued height. Using...gravity-capillary waves with multi-valued height. The...of single-valued and multi-valued travelling waves...absence of gravity, a family of exact solutions is...elliptic functions. Building upon the work by Tanveer...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Performance Assessment of the Wave Dragon Wave Energy Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance Assessment of the Wave Dragon Wave Energy Converter Based on the EquiMar Methodology S of the wave energy sector, device developers are called to provide reliable estimates on power performanceMar, Nissum Bredning, Hanstholm, North Sea, Ekofisk, Wave-to-wire, Wave energy. I. INTRODUCTION The wave

Hansen, René Rydhof

227

The Effect of Wave Breaking on the Wave Energy Spectrum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of wave breaking on the wave energy spectral shape is examined. The Stokes wave-breaking criterion is first extended to random waves and a breaking wave model is established in which the elevation of breaking waves is expressed in ...

C. C. Tung; N. E. Huang

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Robust energy transfer mechanism and critically balanced turbulence via non-resonant triads in nonlinear wave systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A robust energy transfer mechanism is found in nonlinear wave systems, which favours transfers towards modes interacting via non-resonant triads, applicable in meteorology, nonlinear optics and plasma wave turbulence. Transfer efficiency is maximal when the frequency mismatch of the non-resonant triad balances the system's nonlinear frequency: at intermediate levels of oscillation amplitudes an instability is triggered that explores unstable manifolds of periodic orbits, so turbulent cascades are most efficient at intermediate nonlinearity. Numerical simulations confirm analytical predictions.

Miguel D. Bustamante; Brenda Quinn

2013-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

229

Flows and Waves in Braided Solar Coronal Magnetic Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the high frequency dynamics in the braided magnetic structure of an active region (AR 11520) moss as observed by High-Resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C). We detect quasi periodic flows and waves in these structures. We search for high frequency dynamics while looking at power maps of the observed region. We find that shorter periodicites (30 - 60 s) are associated with small spatial scales which can be resolved by Hi-C only. We detect quasi periodic flows with wide range of velocities from 13 - 185 km/s associated with braided regions. This can be interpreted as plasma outflows from reconnection sites. We also find presence of short period and large amplitude transverse oscillations associated with braided magnetic region. Such oscillations could be triggered by reconnection or such oscillation may trigger reconnection.

Pant, V; Banerjee, Dipankar

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Probing the Gamma-Ray Burst Rate with Trigger Simulations of the Swift Burst Alert Telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The long gamma-ray burst (GRB) rate is essential for revealing the connection between GRBs, supernovae and stellar evolution. Additionally, the GRB rate at high redshift provides a strong probe of star formation history in the early universe. While hundreds of GRBs are observed by Swift, it remains difficult to determine the intrinsic GRB rate due to the complex trigger algorithm of Swift. Current studies usually approximate the Swift trigger algorithm by a single detection threshold. However, unlike the previously flown GRB instruments, Swift has over 500 trigger criteria based on photon count rate and additional image threshold for localization. To investigate possible systematic biases and explore the intrinsic GRB properties, we developed a program that is capable of simulating all the rate trigger criteria and mimicking the image trigger threshold. We use this program to search for the intrinsic GRB rate. Our simulations show that adopting the complex trigger algorithm of Swift increases the detection ra...

Lien, Amy; Gehrels, Neil; Palmer, David M; Barthelmy, Scott D; Graziani, Carlo; Cannizzo, John K

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

E-Print Network 3.0 - agents stress-resistance triggers Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Triggered on the MASH before the ... Source: Roth, Volker - FX Palo Alto Laboratory Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 10 presented at...

232

E-Print Network 3.0 - artificial focal triggering Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

same focal plane as the trigger cell, we routinely screened neurons at different focal... identification of potential postsynaptic targets. This method consists of stimulating one...

233

Stereotype Threat in Organizations: An Examination of its Scope, Triggers, and Possible Interventions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and social identity threat. Advances in Experimental Socialmen triggers social identity threat among female engineers.C. (2007). Stereotype threat at work. Academy of Management

Kray, Laura J.; Shirako, Aiwa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Atomic trigger shatters mystery of how glass deforms | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atomic trigger shatters mystery of how glass deforms Bond switching underpins warping of strong metallic glasses Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences Director Takeshi Egami, left,...

235

HOMOLOGOUS EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET WAVES IN THE EMERGING FLUX REGION OBSERVED BY THE SOLAR DYNAMICS OBSERVATORY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Taking advantage of the high temporal and spatial resolution of the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) observations, we present four homologous extreme ultraviolet (EUV) waves within 3 hr on 2010 November 11. All EUV waves emanated from the same emerging flux region (EFR), propagated in the same direction, and were accompanied by surges, weak flares, and faint coronal mass ejections (CMEs). The waves had the basically same appearance in all EUV wavebands of the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on SDO. The waves propagated at constant velocities in the range of 280-500 km s{sup -1}, with little angular dependence, which indicated that the homologous waves could be likely interpreted as fast-mode waves. The waves are supposed to likely involve more than one driving mechanism, and it was most probable that the waves were driven by the surges, due to their close timing and location relations. We also propose that the homologous waves were intimately associated with the continuous emergence and cancellation of magnetic flux in the EFR, which could supply sufficient energy and trigger the onsets of the waves.

Zheng Ruisheng; Jiang Yunchun; Yang Jiayan; Bi Yi; Hong Junchao; Yang, B.; Yang Dan, E-mail: zhrsh@ynao.ac.cn [National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650011 (China)

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Hysteresis of ionization waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A quasi-logistic, nonlinear model for ionization wave modes is introduced. Modes are due to finite size of the discharge and current feedback. The model consists of competing coupled modes and it incorporates spatial wave amplitude saturation. The hysteresis of wave mode transitions under current variation is reproduced. Sidebands are predicted by the model and found in experimental data. The ad hoc model is equivalent to a general--so-called universal--approach from bifurcation theory.

Dinklage, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Wendelsteinstr. 1, 17491 Greifswald (Germany); Bruhn, B.; Testrich, H. [Institut fuer Physik, E.-M.-Arndt Universitaet Greifswald, Felix-Hausdorff-Str. 6, 17487 Greifswald (Germany); Wilke, C. [Leibniz-Institut fuer Plasmaforschung und Technologie, Felix-Hausdorff-Str. 2, 17489 Greifswald (Germany)

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

237

Wave momentum flux parameter: a descriptor for nearshore waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave momentum flux parameter: a descriptor for nearshore waves Steven A. Hughes* US Army Engineer Available online 7 October 2004 Abstract A new parameter representing the maximum depth-integrated wave momentum flux occurring over a wave length is proposed for characterizing the wave contribution

US Army Corps of Engineers

238

Shallow Water Waves and Solitary Waves Willy Hereman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shallow Water Waves and Solitary Waves Willy Hereman Department of Mathematical and Computer of the Subject II. Introduction­Historical Perspective III. Completely Integrable Shallow Water Wave Equations IV. Shallow Water Wave Equations of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics V. Computation of Solitary Wave Solutions VI

Hereman, Willy A.M.

239

Matter Waves and Electricity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Classical four-dimensional relativity gives a most natural and harmonious interpretation of the three basic phenomena of nature: gravity, electricity, and the wave structure of matter, provided that the basic assumptions of the Einsteinian theory are modified in two respects: (1) the fundamental invariant of the action principle is chosen as a quadratic instead of a linear function of the curvature components; (2) the static equilibrium of the world is replaced by a dynamic equilibrium. Electricity comes out as a second-order resonance effect of the matter waves. The matter waves are gravitational waves but superposed not on an empty Euclidean space but on a space of high average curvature.

Cornelius Lanczos

1942-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

kinetic wave energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

kinetic wave energy ? kinetische Wellenenergie f [Teil der Wellenlnge, die im Feld der Orbitalgeschwindigkeiten unter der Welle enthalten ist und als Orbitalbewegung am Ort verbleibt

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

potential wave energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

potential wave energy ? potentielle Wellenenergie f [Der fr die Auslenkung des Wasserspiegels zum Ruhewasserspiegel erforderliche Teil der Wellenenergie, die mit der Wellengeschwindigkeit fortbewegt...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

The First Result of Global Commissioning of the ATALS Endcap Muon Trigger System in ATLAS Cavern  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The First Result of Global Commissioning of the ATALS Endcap Muon Trigger System in ATLAS Cavern T to the ATLAS cavern by the end of September 2007. To integrate all sub-detectors before the physics run. The first Result of Global Commissioning of the ATALS Endcap Muon Trigger System in ATLAS Cavern I

Fukunaga, Chikara

243

Leader/return-stroke-like processes in the initial stage of rocket-triggered lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, current, and electric field records from nine triggered- lightning flashes are analyzed to examine of the time and location of a lightning flash, and hence of the exact distance to the termination point, and the initial stage remains considerably less studied. [3] The IS of a rocket-triggered lightning flash consists

Florida, University of

244

Determination of the electric field intensity and space charge density versus height prior to triggered lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from a lightning flash typically causes a polarity reversal at ground but not at altitude to triggered lightning C. J. Biagi,1 M. A. Uman,1 J. Gopalakrishnan,2 J. D. Hill,1 V. A. Rakov,1 T. Ngin,1 were measured during six wire launches that resulted in triggered lightning. The wires were launched

Gopalakrishnan, Jay

245

Precise Timing Adjustment for the ATLAS Level1 Endcap Muon Trigger System , O. Sasakia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Precise Timing Adjustment for the ATLAS Level1 Endcap Muon Trigger System Y. Suzukia , O. Sasakia by Yu Suzuki yu.suzuki@cern.ch Abstract The ATLAS level-1 endcap muon trigger system consists of about alignment of individual channels with the timing adjust- ment facility embedded in the TGC electronics

Fukunaga, Chikara

246

Ugi post-condensation copper-triggered oxidative cascade towards pyrazoles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1310 Ugi post-condensation copper-triggered oxidative cascade towards pyrazoles Aurélie Dos Santos-component Ugi coupling, the resulting hydrazone was engaged in a copper triggered [3 + 2] cycloaddition/aerobic oxidation cascade. 1310 Introduction In the last twenty years, the Ugi reaction coupled with its various

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

247

Physica E 40 (2007) 430433 Trigger system for the TA fluorescence detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the SD array enables us to improve the energy and angular resolution. The TA is expected to achieve detector (SD) array to study ultra high energy cosmic rays. In this paper, we describe the development and status of the trigger system for the TA FDs. The trigger system consists of three components, those

248

Wave runup on cylinders subject to deep water random waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was measured close to the test cylinders are analyzed. These data on wave runup in deepwater random waves were generated at similar water depths with significant wave heights and spectral peak periods. Statistical parameters, zero crossing analysis...

Indrebo, Ann Kristin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

249

Wave Energy Resource Analysis for Use in Wave Energy Conversion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to predict the response of wave energy converters an accurate representation of the wave climate resource is crucial. This paper gives an overview of wave resource modeling techniques as well as detailing a methodology for estimating...

Pastor, J.; Liu, Y.; Dou, Y.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Free-Wave Energy Dissipation in Experimental Breaking Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several transient wave trains containing an isolated plunging or spilling breaker at a prescribed location were generated in a two-dimensional wave flume using an energy focusing technique. Surface elevation measurements of each transient wave ...

Eustorgio Meza; Jun Zhang; Richard J. Seymour

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Harmonic generation of gravitational wave induced Alfven waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here we consider the nonlinear evolution of Alfven waves that have been excited by gravitational waves from merging binary pulsars. We derive a wave equation for strongly nonlinear and dispersive Alfven waves. Due to the weak dispersion of the Alfven waves, significant wave steepening can occur, which in turn implies strong harmonic generation. We find that the harmonic generation is saturated due to dispersive effects, and use this to estimate the resulting spectrum. Finally we discuss the possibility of observing the above process.

Mats Forsberg; Gert Brodin

2007-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

252

Self-consistent full wave simulations of lower hybrid waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-consistent full wave simulations of lower hybrid waves John C. Wright P. T. Bonoli - MIT E .J for Simulation of Wave-Plasma Interactions L.A. Berry, D.B. Batchelor, E.F. Jaeger, E. D`Azevedo D. Green C. Milanesio #12;3 Outline · Introduction to Lower Hybrid waves · Modeling LH waves ­ Ray tracing ­ Full Wave

Wright, John C.

253

Wave Energy Conversion Technology  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wave Energy Conversion Technology Wave Energy Conversion Technology Speaker(s): Mirko Previsic Date: August 2, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Julie Osborn Scientists have been working on wave power conversion for the past twenty years, but recent advances in offshore and IT technologies have made it economically competitive. Sea Power & Associates is a Berkeley-based renewable energy technology company. We have developed patented technology to generate electricity from ocean wave energy using a system of concrete buoys and highly efficient hydraulic pumps. Our mission is to provide competitively priced, non-polluting, renewable energy for coastal regions worldwide. Mirko Previsic, founder and CEO, of Sea Power & Associates will discuss ocean wave power, existing technologies for its conversion into

254

Modeling of the Voltage Waves in the LHC Main Dipole Circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When a fast power abort is triggered in the LHC main dipole chain, voltage transients are generated at the output of the power converter and across the energy-extraction switches. The voltage waves propagate through the chain of 154 superconducting dipoles and can have undesired effects leading to spurious triggering of the quench protection system and firing of the quench heaters. The phase velocity of the waves travelling along the chain changes due to the inhomogeneous AC behavior of the dipoles. Furthermore, complex phenomena of reflection and superposition are present in the circuit. For these reasons analytical calculations are not sufficient for properly analyzing the circuit behavior after a fast power abort. The transients following the switch-off of the power converter and the opening of the switches are analyzed by means of a complete electrical model, developed with the Cadence suite (PSpice based). The model comprises all the electrical components of the circuit, additional components simula...

Ravaioli, E; Formenti, F; Steckert, J; Thiesen, H; Verweij, A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Wave energy: a Pacific perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...study by Cornett used wind/wave hindcasting to assess Canada's offshore wave energy resource...will probably attract offshore birds, possibly leading...related projects, such as offshore wind farms. If wave energy development...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Rainbow trapping of guided waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rainbow trapping of guided waves Javier Polanco and Rosa M.the propagation of a wave packet that is a superpositionof three s-polarized guided waves with different frequencies

Polanco, Javier; Fitzgerald, Rosa M; Leskova, Tamara A; Maradudin, Alexei A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Center for Wave Phenomena Wave Phenomena  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into a life of scientific discovery." Kurang Mehta, Ph.D. Class of 2007 Shell Exploration and Production Phil research and education program in seismic exploration, monitoring and wave propagation. The main focus and efficiency of seismic processing algorithms, especially for application to regions of structural complexity

258

Wave Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

List of Wave Energy Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleWaveEnergy&oldid267203" Category: Articles with outstanding TODO tasks...

259

Wave-wave interactions in solar type III radio bursts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high time resolution observations from the STEREO/WAVES experiment show that in type III radio bursts, the Langmuir waves often occur as localized magnetic field aligned coherent wave packets with durations of a few ms and with peak intensities well exceeding the strong turbulence thresholds. Some of these wave packets show spectral signatures of beam-resonant Langmuir waves, down- and up-shifted sidebands, and ion sound waves, with frequencies, wave numbers, and tricoherences satisfying the resonance conditions of the oscillating two stream instability (four wave interaction). The spectra of a few of these wave packets also contain peaks at f{sub pe}, 2f{sub pe} and 3 f{sub pe} (f{sub pe} is the electron plasma frequency), with frequencies, wave numbers and bicoherences (computed using the wavelet based bispectral analysis techniques) satisfying the resonance conditions of three wave interactions: (1) excitation of second harmonic electromagnetic waves as a result of coalescence of two oppositely propagating Langmuir waves, and (2) excitation of third harmonic electromagnetic waves as a result of coalescence of Langmuir waves with second harmonic electromagnetic waves. The implication of these findings is that the strong turbulence processes play major roles in beam stabilization as well as conversion of Langmuir waves into escaping radiation in type III radio bursts.

Thejappa, G. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); MacDowall, R. J. [NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt MD 20771 (United States)

2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

260

Abstract-The ALICE trigger system is situated in the experimental cavern and has a centralized layout: the Central  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract- The ALICE trigger system is situated in the experimental cavern and has a centralized. Layout of the ALICE CTP in the experimental cavern The ALICE Central Trigger System D. Evans1 , S. Fedor2

Birmingham, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Proceedings of the workshop on triggering, data acquisition and computing for high energy, high luminosity, hadron-hadron colliders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

These proceedings address issues in triggering, data acquisition, and off-line computing for high energy/high luminosity hadron-hadron colliders, including physics signatures; analog triggers; data filtering/acquisition and processing; networking; and special spectrometers and instrumentation.

Cox, B.; Fenner, R.; Hale, P.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Tsunami Information Sources: Part 4 (With a section on impulsively generated waves by a rapid mass movement, either submerged, or into a body of water)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Support Programs, Standard Review Plan for the Review ofpp and 7 appendices Standard Review Plan for the Review of

Wiegel, Robert L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Tsunami Information Sources: Part 4 (With a section on impulsively generated waves by a rapid mass movement, either submerged, or into a body of water)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regulatory Commission, Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, Division of Inspection and Support Programs, Standard Review Plan

Wiegel, Robert L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Tsunami Information Sources: Part 4 (With a section on impulsively generated waves by a rapid mass movement, either submerged, or into a body of water)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Method for Nuclear Power Plants in Japan, by Japan SocietyMethods for Nuclear Power Plants in Japan, 2002, 72 pp.Method for Nuclear Power Plants in Japan, 2002, 72 pp.

Wiegel, Robert L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Nonlinear Amplification and Decay of Phase-mixed Waves in Compressing Plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through particle-in-cell simulations, we show that plasma waves carrying trapped electrons can be amplified manyfold via compressing plasma perpendicularly to the wave vector. These simulations are the first ab initio demonstration of the conservation of nonlinear action for such waves, which contains a term independent of the field amplitude. In agreement with the theory, the maximum of amplification gain is determined by the total initial energy of the trapped-particle average motion but otherwise is insensitive to the particle distribution. Further compression destroys the wave; electrons are then untrapped at suprathermal energies and form a residual beam. As compression continues, the bump-on-tail instability is triggered each time one of the discrete modes comes in resonance with this beam. Hence, periodic bursts of the electrostatic energy are produced until a wide quasilinear plateau is formed.

Paul F. Schmit, I.Y. Dodin, J. Rocks, and N.J. Fisch

2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

266

Efficient terahertz-wave generation and its ultrafast optical modulation in charge ordered organic ferroelectrics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efficient terahertz (THz) wave generation in strongly correlated organic compounds ?-(ET){sub 2}I{sub 3} and ??-(ET){sub 2}IBr{sub 2} (ET:bis(ethylenedithio)-tetrathiafulvalene) was demonstrated. The spontaneous polarization induced by charge ordering or electronic ferroelectricity was revealed to trigger the THz-wave generation via optical rectification; the estimated 2nd-order nonlinear optical susceptibility for ?-(ET){sub 2}I{sub 3} is over 70 times larger than that for prototypical THz-source ZnTe. Ultrafast (<1 ps) and sensitive (?40%) photoresponse of the THz wave was observed for ?-(ET){sub 2}I{sub 3}, which is attributable to photoinduced quenching of the polarization accompanied by insulator(ferroelectric)-to-metal transition. Modulation of the THz wave was observed for ??-(ET){sub 2}IBr{sub 2} upon the poling procedure, indicating the alignment of polar domains.

Itoh, Hirotake, E-mail: hiroitoh@m.tohoku.ac.jp; Iwai, Shinichiro, E-mail: s-iwai@m.tohoku.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); JST, CREST, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Itoh, Keisuke; Goto, Kazuki [Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Yamamoto, Kaoru [Department of Applied Physics, Okayama University of Science, Okayama 700-0005 (Japan); Yakushi, Kyuya [Toyota Physical and Chemical Research Institute, Nagakute 480-1192 (Japan)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

267

wave | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9 9 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142281559 Varnish cache server wave Dataset Summary Description This project estimates the naturally available and technically recoverable U.S. wave energy resources, using a 51-month Wavewatch III hindcast database developed especially for this study by National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA's) National Centers for Environmental Prediction. For total resource estimation, wave power density in terms of kilowatts per meter is aggregated across a unit diameter circle. Source Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Date Released December 05th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords

268

Simulation studies of the HADES first level trigger PART I: Performance in heavy-ion induced reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first level trigger of the HADES spectrometer is studied for the heavy-ion collision systems Au+Au and Ne+Ne. The trigger efficiency for central events is given in dependence of the imposed charged particle multiplicity condition. The timing properties of the trigger signal are described. The losses due to deadtime are specified. Finally, the first level trigger rate is reported.

R. Schicker; H. Tsertos

1996-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

269

Triggering, front-end electronics, and data acquisition for high-rate beauty experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The working group explored the feasibility of building a trigger and an electronics data acquisition system for both collider and fixed target experiments. There appears to be no fundamental technical limitation arising from either the rate or the amount of data for a collider experiment. The fixed target experiments will likely require a much higher rate because of the smaller cross section. Rates up to one event per RF bucket (50 MHz) appear to be feasible. Higher rates depend on the details of the particular experiment and trigger. Several ideas were presented on multiplicity jump and impact parameter triggers for fixed target experiments. 14 refs., 3 figs.

Johnson, M.; Lankford, A.J.

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

SEISMIC WAVES ESTIMATION AND WAVE FIELD DECOMPOSITION WITH FACTOR GRAPHS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEISMIC WAVES ESTIMATION AND WAVE FIELD DECOMPOSITION WITH FACTOR GRAPHS Stefano Maranò Christoph, Dept. Information Technology & Electr. Eng., 8092 Zürich ABSTRACT Physical wave fields are often from sensors of different kinds. In this paper we propose a technique for the analysis of vector wave

Loeliger, Hans-Andrea

271

Taming water waves Case study: Surface Water Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Taming water waves Case study: Surface Water Waves Few things in nature are as dramatic, and potentially dangerous, as ocean waves. The impact they have on our daily lives extends from shipping to the role they play in driving the global climate. From a theoretical viewpoint water waves pose rich

272

Selfconsistent full wave simulations of lower hybrid waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selfconsistent full wave simulations of lower hybrid waves John C. Wright P. T. Bonoli MIT E .J. Porkolab Sherwood/Spring APS Denver May 2009 #12; 2 Participants in the Center for Simulation of Wave hybrid (LH) waves have the attractive property of damping strongly via electron Landau resonance

Wright, John C.

273

On Generating Gravity Waves with Matter and Electromagnetic Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If a homogeneous plane light-like shell collides head-on with a homogeneous plane electromagnetic shock wave having a step-function profile then no backscattered gravitational waves are produced. We demonstrate, by explicit calculation, that if the matter is accompanied by a homogeneous plane electromagnetic shock wave with a step-function profile then backscattered gravitational waves appear after the collision.

C. Barrabes; P. A. Hogan

2008-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

274

Observed one-dimensional return stroke propagation speeds in the bottom 170 m of a rocket-triggered lightning channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

speeds of five strokes from a seven-stroke triggered lightning flash are measured, with a 2 ns sampling in nearly 50 dB of dynamic range. The seven-stroke lightning flash analyzed here was triggered at Camp-triggered lightning channel R. C. Olsen III, D. M. Jordan, V. A. Rakov, M. A. Uman, and N. Grimes Department

Florida, University of

275

ATLAS SCT L1 Trigger Latency Budget Specification V1.00 15-Oct-1999 ATLAS Specification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 ATLAS SCT L1 Trigger Latency Budget Specification V1.00 15-Oct-1999 ATLAS Specification Name: ATLAS SCT L1 Trigger Latency Budget Version: 1.00 Revision History Revision Change Description, Pages-Oct-1999 #12;Page 2 ATLAS SCT L1 Trigger Latency Budget Specification V1.00 15-Oct-1999 Table

California at Santa Cruz, University of

276

Tsunami: a history of the term and of scientific understanding of the phenomenon in Japanese and Western culture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...time in technical usage was seismic sea wave, but this was too...launch the boat and catch the fish as ordered, but were rejected...in which they used the term seismic sea wave. After Scidmore and...others of his time saw that seismic and volcanic activity were...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Traveling-wave photodetector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The traveling-wave photodetector of the present invention combines an absorptive optical waveguide and an electrical transmission line, in which optical absorption in the waveguide results in a photocurrent at the electrodes of the electrical transmission line. The optical waveguide and electrical transmission line of the electrically distributed traveling-wave photodetector are designed to achieve matched velocities between the light in the optical waveguide and electrical signal generated on the transmission line. This velocity synchronization provides the traveling-wave photodetector with a large electrical bandwidth and a high quantum efficiency, because of the effective extended volume for optical absorption. The traveling-wave photodetector also provides large power dissipation, because of its large physical size.

Hietala, V.M.; Vawter, G.A.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

278

WaveBob (TRL 5 6 System) - Advanced Wave Energy Conversion Project...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

WaveBob (TRL 5 6 System) - Advanced Wave Energy Conversion Project WaveBob (TRL 5 6 System) - Advanced Wave Energy Conversion Project WaveBob (TRL 5 6 System) - Advanced Wave...

279

Mathematical Caricature of Large Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Kadomtsev-Petviiashvili equation is considered as a mathematical caricature of large and rogue waves.

Mikhail Kovalyov

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

280

Clustering of floaters by waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study experimentally how waves affect distribution of particles that float on a water surface. We show that clustering of small particles in a standing wave is a nonlinear effect with the clustering time decreasing as the square of the wave amplitude. In a set of random waves, we show that small floaters concentrate on a multi-fractal set.

P. Denissenko; G. Falkovich; S. Lukaschuk

2005-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

December 2010 | 23 GUIDED WAVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

December 2010 | 23 GUIDED WAVES Tuning Wave Dispersion in Resonant Networks Eyal Feigenbaum with meta-atoms. Resonant guided wave networks (RGWNs) are a new class of artificial photonic material,5 distinct from photonic crystals and metamateri- als, in which localized waves resonate in closed paths

Atwater, Harry

282

Flow through porous media : from mixing of fluids to triggering of earthquakes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhanced oil recovery by displacing oil with solvents such as carbon dioxide requires development of miscibility between the two fluids to maximize the displacement efficiency. Prevention of inadvertent triggering of ...

Jha, Birendra, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

E-Print Network 3.0 - amanda software trigger Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Physics 24 THE SEARCH FOR MUON NEUTRINOS FROM NORTHERN HEMISPHERE GAMMA-RAY BURSTS WITH AMANDA Summary: :ulysses.jpl.nasa.gov TABLE 2 BATSE Triggered and IPN...

284

E-Print Network 3.0 - atlas muon trigger Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Level Summary: of the Third Level Muon Trigger of the ATLAS Experiment at LHC S. Armstrong, K. A. Assamagan, J. T. M. Baines... , F. J. Wickens, W. Wiedenmann, M. Wielers, and...

285

Third Level Trigger for the Fluorescence Telescopes of the Pierre Auger Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The trigger system for the Auger fluorescence telescopes is implemented in hard- and software for an efficient selection of fluorescence light tracks induced by high-energy extensive air showers. The algorithm of the third stage uses the multiplicity signal of the hardware for fast rejection of lightning events with above 99% efficiency. In a second step direct muon hits in the camera and random triggers are rejected by analyzing the space-time correlation of the pixels. The trigger algorithm was tested with measured and simulated showers and implemented in the electronics of the fluorescence telescopes. A comparison to a prototype trigger without multiplicity shows the superiority of this approach, e.g. the false rejection rate is a factor 10 lower.

A. Schmidt; T. Asch; H. Gemmeke; M. Kleifges; H. -J. Mathes; A. Menshikov; F. Schssler; D. Tcherniakhovski

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Third Level Trigger for the Fluorescence Telescopes of the Pierre Auger Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The trigger system for the Auger fluorescence telescopes is implemented in hard- and software for an efficient selection of fluorescence light tracks induced by high-energy extensive air showers. The algorithm of the third stage uses the multiplicity signal of the hardware for fast rejection of lightning events with above 99% efficiency. In a second step direct muon hits in the camera and random triggers are rejected by analyzing the space-time correlation of the pixels. The trigger algorithm was tested with measured and simulated showers and implemented in the electronics of the fluorescence telescopes. A comparison to a prototype trigger without multiplicity shows the superiority of this approach, e.g. the false rejection rate is a factor 10 lower.

Schmidt, A; Gemmeke, H; Kleifges, M; Mathes, H -J; Menchikov, A; Schssler, F; Tcherniakhovski, D

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Electrically Triggered Release of a Small Molecule Drug from a Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Coating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrically triggered drug delivery represents an attractive option for actively and remotely controlling the release of a therapeutic from an implantable device (e.g., a pharmacy-on-a-chip). Here we report the fabrication ...

Schmidt, Daniel J.

288

Abstract 4876: Characterization of malignant melanoma growth triggered by the brain microenvironment in experimental metastasis models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...malignant melanoma growth triggered by the brain microenvironment in experimental metastasis...University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. The brain offers a unique microenvironment to which...molecular determinants that promote melanoma brain metastases however, remain largely unknown...

Vigdis Nygaard; Lina Prasmickaite; Kotryna Vasiliauskaite; Trevor Clancy; Eivind Hovig

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Method for generating a plasma wave to accelerate electrons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides a method and apparatus for generating large amplitude nonlinear plasma waves, driven by an optimized train of independently adjustable, intense laser pulses. In the method, optimal pulse widths, interpulse spacing, and intensity profiles of each pulse are determined for each pulse in a series of pulses. A resonant region of the plasma wave phase space is found where the plasma wave is driven most efficiently by the laser pulses. The accelerator system of the invention comprises several parts: the laser system, with its pulse-shaping subsystem; the electron gun system, also called beam source, which preferably comprises photo cathode electron source and RF-LINAC accelerator; electron photo-cathode triggering system; the electron diagnostics; and the feedback system between the electron diagnostics and the laser system. The system also includes plasma source including vacuum chamber, magnetic lens, and magnetic field means. The laser system produces a train of pulses that has been optimized to maximize the axial electric field amplitude of the plasma wave, and thus the electron acceleration, using the method of the invention.

Umstadter, Donald (Ann Arbor, MI); Esarey, Eric (Chevy Chase, MD); Kim, Joon K. (Ann Arbor, MI)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Method for generating a plasma wave to accelerate electrons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides a method and apparatus for generating large amplitude nonlinear plasma waves, driven by an optimized train of independently adjustable, intense laser pulses. In the method, optimal pulse widths, interpulse spacing, and intensity profiles of each pulse are determined for each pulse in a series of pulses. A resonant region of the plasma wave phase space is found where the plasma wave is driven most efficiently by the laser pulses. The accelerator system of the invention comprises several parts: the laser system, with its pulse-shaping subsystem; the electron gun system, also called beam source, which preferably comprises photo cathode electron source and RF-LINAC accelerator; electron photo-cathode triggering system; the electron diagnostics; and the feedback system between the electron diagnostics and the laser system. The system also includes plasma source including vacuum chamber, magnetic lens, and magnetic field means. The laser system produces a train of pulses that has been optimized to maximize the axial electric field amplitude of the plasma wave, and thus the electron acceleration, using the method of the invention. 21 figs.

Umstadter, D.; Esarey, E.; Kim, J.K.

1997-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

291

Selection Rules for the Nonlinear Interactions of Internal Gravity Waves and Inertia-Gravity Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internal Gravity Waves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.1 Twodimensional inertia-gravity wave physics . . . . . . . . .Three dimensional inertia-gravity wave physics . . . . . .

Jiang, Chung-Hsiang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Various Boussinesq solitary wave solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The generalized Boussinesq (gB) equations have been used to model nonlinear wave evolution over variable topography and wave interactions with structures. Like the KdV equation, the gB equations support a solitary wave solution which propagates without changing shape, and this solitary wave is often used as a primary test case for numerical studies of nonlinear waves using either the gB or other model equations. Nine different approximate solutions of the generalized Boussinesq equations are presented with simple closed form expressions for the wave elevation and wave speed. Each approximates the free propagation of a single solitary wave, and eight of these solutions are newly obtained. The author compares these solutions with the well known KdV solution, Rayleigh`s solution, Laitone`s higher order solution, and ``exact`` numerical integration of the gB equations. Existing experimental data on solitary wave shape and wave speed are compared with these models.

Yates, G.T. [Univ. of Hong Kong (Hong Kong). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

293

Roles of Fast-Cyclotron and Alfven-Cyclotron Waves for the Multi-Ion Solar Wind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using linear Vlasov theory of plasma waves and quasi-linear theory of resonant wave-particle interaction, the dispersion relations and the electromagnetic field fluctuations of fast and Alfven waves are studied for a low-beta multi-ion plasma in the inner corona. Their probable roles in heating and accelerating the solar wind via Landau and cyclotron resonances are quantified. We assume that (1) low-frequency Alfven and fast waves have the same spectral shape and the same amplitude of power spectral density; (2) these waves eventually reach ion cyclotron frequencies due to a turbulence cascade; (3) kinetic wave-particle interaction powers the solar wind. The existence of alpha particles in a dominant proton/electron plasma can trigger linear mode conversion between oblique fast-whistler and hybrid alpha-proton cyclotron waves. The fast-cyclotron waves undergo both alpha and proton cyclotron resonances. The alpha cyclotron resonance in fast-cyclotron waves is much stronger than that in Alfven-cyclotron waves. ...

Xiong, Ming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

The performance of the ATLAS Inner Detector Trigger Algorithms in pp collisions at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ATLAS Inner Detector trigger algorithms has been running online during data taking with proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) since December 2009. We will present preliminary results on the performance of the algorithms in collisions at centre-of-mass energies of 900GeV and 7TeV, including comparisons to the ATLAS offline tracking algorithms and to simulations. The ATLAS trigger performs the online event selection in three stages. The Inner Detector information is used in the second and third triggering stages, called Level-2 trigger (L2) and Event Filter (EF) respectively, and collectively the High Level Triggers (HLT). The HLT runs software algorithms in a large farm of commercial CPUs and is designed to reject collision events in real time, keeping the most interesting few in every thousand. The average execution time per event at L2(/EF) is about 40ms(/4s) and the Inner Detector trigger algorithms can take only a fraction of that. Within this time, the data from interesting regio...

Sutton, Mark; The ATLAS collaboration

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Optically triggered high voltage switch network and method for switching a high voltage  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optically triggered solid state switch and method for switching a high voltage electrical current. A plurality of solid state switches (350) are connected in series for controlling electrical current flow between a compensation capacitor (112) and ground in a reactive power compensator (50, 50') that monitors the voltage and current flowing through each of three distribution lines (52a, 52b and 52c), which are supplying three-phase power to one or more inductive loads. An optical transmitter (100) controlled by the reactive power compensation system produces light pulses that are conveyed over optical fibers (102) to a switch driver (110') that includes a plurality of series connected optical triger circuits (288). Each of the optical trigger circuits controls a pair of the solid state switches and includes a plurality of series connected resistors (294, 326, 330, and 334) that equalize or balance the potential across the plurality of trigger circuits. The trigger circuits are connected to one of the distribution lines through a trigger capacitor (340). In each switch driver, the light signals activate a phototransistor (300) so that an electrical current flows from one of the energy reservoir capacitors through a pulse transformer (306) in the trigger circuit, producing gate signals that turn on the pair of serially connected solid state switches (350).

El-Sharkawi, Mohamed A. (Renton, WA); Andexler, George (Everett, WA); Silberkleit, Lee I. (Mountlake Terrace, WA)

1993-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

296

Noise sustained waves in subexcitable media: From chemical waves to brain waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Noise sustained waves in subexcitable media: From chemical waves to brain waves P. Junga: a subexcitable photosensitive Belousov­Zhabotinsky reaction, hippocampal slices of rat brains, and astrocyte of such a behavior for calcium wave net- works in interconnected brain cells. I. INTRODUCTION Since the early days

Showalter, Kenneth

297

Explosive plane-wave lens  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An explosive plane-wave air lens which enables a spherical wave form to be converted to a planar wave without the need to specially machine or shape explosive materials is described. A disc-shaped impactor having a greater thickness at its center than around its periphery is used to convert the spherical wave into a plane wave. When the wave reaches the impactor, the center of the impactor moves first because the spherical wave reaches the center of the impactor first. The wave strikes the impactor later in time as one moves radially along the impactor. Because the impactor is thinner as one moves radially outward, the velocity of the impactor is greater at the periphery than at the center. An acceptor explosive is positioned so that the impactor strikes the acceptor simultaneously. Consequently, a plane detonation wave is propagated through the acceptor explosive. 4 figs.

Marsh, S.P.

1988-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

298

Explosive plane-wave lens  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An explosive plane-wave air lens which enables a spherical wave form to be converted to a planar wave without the need to specially machine or shape explosive materials is described. A disc-shaped impactor having a greater thickness at its center than around its periphery is used to convert the spherical wave into a plane wave. When the wave reaches the impactor, the center of the impactor moves first because the spherical wave reaches the center of the impactor first. The wave strikes the impactor later in time as one moves radially along the impactor. Because the impactor is thinner as one moves radially outward, the velocity of the impactor is greater at the periphery than at the center. An acceptor explosive is positioned so that the impactor strikes the acceptor simultaneously. Consequently, a plane detonation wave is propagated through the acceptor explosive. 3 figs., 3 tabs.

Marsh, S.P.

1987-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

299

Explosive plane-wave lens  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An explosive plane-wave air lens which enables a spherical wave form to be converted to a planar wave without the need to specially machine or shape explosive materials is described. A disc-shaped impactor having a greater thickness at its center than around its periphery is used to convert the spherical wave into a plane wave. When the wave reaches the impactor, the center of the impactor moves first because the spherical wave reaches the center of the impactor first. The wave strikes the impactor later in time as one moves radially along the impactor. Because the impactor is thinner as one moves radially outward, the velocity of the impactor is greater at the periphery than at the center. An acceptor explosive is positioned so that the impactor strikes the acceptor simultaneously. Consequently, a plane detonation wave is propagated through the acceptor explosive.

Marsh, Stanley P. (Los Alamos, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Standing wave compressor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compressor for compression-evaporation cooling systems, which requires no moving parts. A gaseous refrigerant inside a chamber is acoustically compressed and conveyed by means of a standing acoustic wave which is set up in the gaseous refrigerant. This standing acoustic wave can be driven either by a transducer, or by direct exposure of the gas to microwave and infrared sources, including solar energy. Input and output ports arranged along the chamber provide for the intake and discharge of the gaseous refrigerant. These ports can be provided with optional valve arrangements, so as to increase the compressor's pressure differential. The performance of the compressor in either of its transducer or electromagnetically driven configurations, can be optimized by a controlling circuit. This controlling circuit holds the wavelength of the standing acoustical wave constant, by changing the driving frequency in response to varying operating conditions.

Lucas, Timothy S. (4614 River Mill Ct., Glen Allen, VA 23060)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Adaptive multiconfigurational wave functions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is suggested to build simple multiconfigurational wave functions specified uniquely by an energy cutoff ?. These are constructed from a model space containing determinants with energy relative to that of the most stable determinant no greater than ?. The resulting ?-CI wave function is adaptive, being able to represent both single-reference and multireference electronic states. We also consider a more compact wave function parameterization (?+SD-CI), which is based on a small ?-CI reference and adds a selection of all the singly and doubly excited determinants generated from it. We report two heuristic algorithms to build ?-CI wave functions. The first is based on an approximate prescreening of the full configuration interaction space, while the second performs a breadth-first search coupled with pruning. The ?-CI and ?+SD-CI approaches are used to compute the dissociation curve of N{sub 2} and the potential energy curves for the first three singlet states of C{sub 2}. Special attention is paid to the issue of energy discontinuities caused by changes in the size of the ?-CI wave function along the potential energy curve. This problem is shown to be solvable by smoothing the matrix elements of the Hamiltonian. Our last example, involving the Cu{sub 2}O{sub 2}{sup 2+} core, illustrates an alternative use of the ?-CI method: as a tool to both estimate the multireference character of a wave function and to create a compact model space to be used in subsequent high-level multireference coupled cluster computations.

Evangelista, Francesco A., E-mail: francesco.evangelista@emory.edu [Department of Chemistry and Cherry L. Emerson Center for Scientific Computation, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322 (United States)

2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

302

Laser triggering of water switches in terrawatt-class pulse power accelerators.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Focused Beams from high-power lasers have been used to command trigger gas switches in pulse power accelerators for more than two decades. This Laboratory-Directed Research and Development project was aimed at determining whether high power lasers could also command trigger water switches on high-power accelerators. In initial work, we determined that focused light from three harmonics of a small pulsed Nd:YAG laser at 1064 nm, 532 nm, and 355 nm could be used to form breakdown arcs in water, with the lowest breakdown thresholds of 110 J/cm{sup 2} or 14 GW/cm{sup 2} at 532 nm in the green. In laboratory-scale laser triggering experiments with a 170-kV pulse-charged water switch with a 3-mm anode-cathode gap, we demonstrated that {approx}90 mJ of green laser energy could trigger the gap with a 1-{sigma} jitter of less than 2ns, a factor of 10 improvement over the jitter of the switch in its self breaking mode. In the laboratory-scale experiments we developed optical techniques utilizing polarization rotation of a probe laser beam to measure current in switch channels and electric field enhancements near streamer heads. In the final year of the project, we constructed a pulse-power facility to allow us to test laser triggering of water switches from 0.6- MV to 2.0 MV. Triggering experiments on this facility using an axicon lens for focusing the laser and a switch with a 740 kV self-break voltage produced consistent laser triggering with a {+-} 16-ns 1-{sigma} jitter, a significant improvement over the {+-} 24-ns jitter in the self-breaking mode.

Woodworth, Joseph Ray; Johnson, David Lee (Titan Pulse Sciences, San Leandro, CA); Wilkins, Frank (Bechtel Nevada, Las Vegas, NV); Van De Valde, David (EG& G Technical Services, Albuquerque, NM); Sarkisov, Gennady Sergeevich (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); Zameroski, Nathan D.; Starbird, Robert L. (Bechtel Nevada, Las Vegas, NV)

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Wave Loading on Floating Platforms by Internal Solitary Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Morisons equation is used for estimating internal solitary wave-induced forces exerted on SPAR and semi-submersible platforms. And the results we got have also ... estimate internal wave loading even for SPAR an...

H. Q. Zhang; J. C. Li

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Real-time Water Waves with Wave Particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation describes the wave particles technique for simulating water surface waves and two way fluid-object interactions for real-time applications, such as video games. Water exists in various different forms in our environment...

Yuksel, Cem

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

305

Heat Waves, Global Warming, and Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat Waves, Global Warming, and Mitigation Ann E. Carlson*2008]HEAT WAVES, GLOBAL WARMING, AND MITIGATION 175 stroke2001). 2008]HEAT WAVES, GLOBAL WARMING, AND MITIGATION 177

Carlson, Ann E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Structural health monitoring by ultrasonic guided waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E. (2005) Modeling guided wave propagation with applicationMultiple Guided Ultrasonic Wave Features, ASME Journal ofto-spar joints using guided waves and macro fiber composite

Bartoli, Ivan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Heat Waves, Global Warming, and Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat Waves, Global Warming, and Mitigation Ann E. Carlson*II. HEAT WAVE DEFINITIONS .. A . HCHANGE AND HEAT WAVES .. CLIMATE III. IV. HEAT

Carlson, Ann E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Wave refraction and wave energy on Cayo Arenas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WAVE REFRACTION AND WAVE ENERGY ON CAYO ARENAS A Thesis By Donald E. Welsh Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... January 1962 Major Subject: Physical Oceanography WAVE REFRACTION AND WAVE ENERGY ON CAYO ARENAS A Thesis Donald E. Walsh Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of the Committee ead of Department ' / January 1962 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...

Walsh, Donald Eugene

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Assessing wave energy effects on biodiversity: the Wave Hub experience  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...effects of wave energy on biodiversity...accelerate the implementation of wave energy, within a coherent...in the form of wind, wave and tidal...Rajapandian2007A review of wind energy technologiesRenew...emergence and the challenges it facesRefocus...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Secular Sediment Waves, Channel Bed Waves, and Legacy Sediment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Secular Sediment Waves, Channel Bed Waves, and Legacy Sediment L. Allan James* Geography Department, University South Carolina Abstract The concept of sediment waves is reviewed and clarifications are proposed for nomenclature con- cerning vertical channel responses to large fluvial sediment fluxes over a period of a decade

James, L. Allan

311

Plane wave solution for elastic wave scattering by a heterogeneous ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A plane-wave method for computing the three-dimensional scattering of propagating elastic waves ... boundary conditions also called linear slip interface conditions, and therefore, called the ... good agreement between measured waves and theoretical ..... tribution with a mean and a standard deviation of the com-.

2004-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

312

Workshop on data acquisition and trigger system simulations for high energy physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses the following topics: DAQSIM: A data acquisition system simulation tool; Front end and DCC Simulations for the SDC Straw Tube System; Simulation of Non-Blocklng Data Acquisition Architectures; Simulation Studies of the SDC Data Collection Chip; Correlation Studies of the Data Collection Circuit & The Design of a Queue for this Circuit; Fast Data Compression & Transmission from a Silicon Strip Wafer; Simulation of SCI Protocols in Modsim; Visual Design with vVHDL; Stochastic Simulation of Asynchronous Buffers; SDC Trigger Simulations; Trigger Rates, DAQ & Online Processing at the SSC; Planned Enhancements to MODSEM II & SIMOBJECT -- an Overview -- R.; DAGAR -- A synthesis system; Proposed Silicon Compiler for Physics Applications; Timed -- LOTOS in a PROLOG Environment: an Algebraic language for Simulation; Modeling and Simulation of an Event Builder for High Energy Physics Data Acquisition Systems; A Verilog Simulation for the CDF DAQ; Simulation to Design with Verilog; The DZero Data Acquisition System: Model and Measurements; DZero Trigger Level 1.5 Modeling; Strategies Optimizing Data Load in the DZero Triggers; Simulation of the DZero Level 2 Data Acquisition System; A Fast Method for Calculating DZero Level 1 Jet Trigger Properties and Physics Input to DAQ Studies.

NONE

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

313

Resuspension of Clays Under Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Owing to their complex form, very small size and relatively low density, clays freshly deposited in a bay are vulnerable to resuspension when agitated by waves. The model of resuspension of clays under wave motio...

Prida Thimakorn

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

MHD Waves in Astrophysical Plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dependence of the wave velocities on the angle? between the undisturbed fieldB 0 and the wave vectork is clearly demonstrated in a polar diagramthe phase velocity diagram. In Fig.?15.2, th...

Boris V. Somov

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Elgen Wave | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Elgen Wave Jump to: navigation, search Name: Elgen Wave Region: United States Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: http:www.elgenwave.com This company is listed in the Marine...

316

Transformative Wave Technologies Kent, Washington  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transformative Wave Technologies Kent, Washington www.transformativewave.com #12;#12;North America are shifted to off peak times #12;#12;Transformative Wave Technologies www.transformativewave.com #12

California at Davis, University of

317

The Nonlinear Equatorial Kelvin Wave  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using the method of strained coordinates, a uniformly valid approximation to the nonlinear equatorial Kelvin wave is derived. It is shown that nonlinear effects are negligible for the Kelvin waves associated with the Gulf of Guinea upwelling. The ...

John P. Boyd

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Spherical waves r Legendre polynomials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Impedance · Spherical waves r er e e Impedance · Legendre polynomials P0(x) = 1 P1(x) = x P2(x · Spherical waves ­ Spherical Hankel functions hn (2)(kr)=jn(kr)-iyn(kr) Impedance · Spherical waves Order: 0 1 4 Circumferential And azimuthal: 0,0 1,1 3,2 #12;3 Impedance · Spherical waves ­ Arbitrary

Berlin,Technische Universität

319

CHARACTERIZING DANGEROUS WAVES FOR OCEAN WAVE ENERGY CONVERTER SURVIVABILITY Justin Hovland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHARACTERIZING DANGEROUS WAVES FOR OCEAN WAVE ENERGY CONVERTER SURVIVABILITY Justin Hovland ABSTRACT Ocean Wave Energy Converters (OWECs) operating on the water surface are subject to storms at station 139. Keywords: wave energy, survivability, breaking waves, joint distribution, OWEC INTRODUCTION

Haller, Merrick

320

2014 Tube -1 STANDING WAVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2014 Tube - 1 STANDING WAVES IN AN AIR COLUMN The objective of the experiment is: · To study the harmonic structure of standing waves in an air column. APPARATUS: Computer, FFTScope software, PC speaker, meterstick, sound tube apparatus, thermometer, microphone INTRODUCTION traveling wave of sinusoidal shape

Glashausser, Charles

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

GENERATING ELECTRICITY USING OCEAN WAVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GENERATING ELECTRICITY USING OCEAN WAVES A RENEWABLE SOURCE OF ENERGY REPORT FOR THE HONG KONG ELECTRIC COMPANY LIMITED Dr L F Yeung Mr Paul Hodgson Dr Robin Bradbeer July 2007 #12;Ocean Waves and construction of equipment that could measure and log wave conditions and tide levels at Hoi Ha Wan. Prototypes

Bradbeer, Robin Sarah

322

Energy Loss by Breaking waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Observations of the frequency of wind wave breaking in deep water are combined with laboratory estimates of the rate of energy loss a from single breaking wave to infer the net rate of energy transfer to the mixed layer from breaking waves, as a ...

S. A. Thorpe

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Extreme wave impinging and overtopping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This investigates the velocity fields of a plunging breaking wave impinging on a structure through measurements in a two-dimensional wave tank. As the wave breaks and overtops the structure, so-called green water is generated. The flow becomes multi...

Ryu, Yong Uk

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

324

Distinguishing Cause from Correlation in Tokamak Experiments to Trigger Edge Localised Plasma Instabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The generic question is considered: How can we determine the probability of an otherwise quasirandom event, having been triggered by an external influence? A specific problem is the quantification of the success of techniques to trigger, and hence control, edge-localised plasma instabilities (ELMs) in magnetically confined fusion (MCF) experiments. The development of such techniques is essential to ensure tolerable heat loads on components in large MCF fusion devices, and is necessary for their development into economically successful power plants. Bayesian probability theory is used to rigorously formulate the problem and to provide a formal solution. Accurate but pragmatic methods are developed to estimate triggering probabilities, and are illustrated with experimental data. These allow results from experiments to be quantitatively assessed, and rigorously quantified conclusions to be formed.

Webster, A J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Trigger probe for determining the orientation of the power distribution of an electron beam  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to a probe for determining the orientation of electron beams being profiled. To accurately time the location of an electron beam, the probe is designed to accept electrons from only a narrowly defined area. The signal produced from the probe is then used as a timing or triggering fiducial for an operably coupled data acquisition system. Such an arrangement eliminates changes in slit geometry, an additional signal feedthrough in the wall of a welding chamber and a second timing or triggering channel on a data acquisition system. As a result, the present invention improves the accuracy of the resulting data by minimizing the adverse effects of current slit triggering methods so as to accurately reconstruct electron or ion beams.

Elmer, John W. (Danville, CA); Palmer, Todd A. (Livermore, CA); Teruya, Alan T. (Livermore, CA)

2007-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

326

Electromagnetic WavesElectromagnetic Waves In this chapter we will review selected properties of electromagnetic waves since  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic WavesElectromagnetic Waves In this chapter we will review selected properties of electromagnetic waves since radar involves the transmission, propagation and scattering of EM waves by various is the electrostatic force between two point charges. #12;Electromagnetic WavesElectromagnetic Waves Electric fields

Rutledge, Steven

327

Detection of Bio-Aerosol Threats with a UV Scattering Trigger and Rapid DNA- and Antibody-Based Confirmation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An economical sensor for airborne pathogens consists of a continuous 'reagentless' UV scattering trigger followed by a confirmer that analyzes air filtrate for characteristic pathogen...

Stoughton, Roland

328

Charge Density Wave Compounds  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fisher Research Group Fisher Research Group Layered Chalcogenides 29 February 2008 Controlling the Wave by Brad Plummer, SLAC Communications Stanford University researchers working in part at SSRL have discovered a novel set of properties pertaining to a compound of materials called tritellurides. These compounds, composed of three atoms of tellurium and a single atom of one of the rare earth elements, demonstrate unique electronic properties that can be controlled by altering the temperature of the material. The tritellurides display phenomena known as charge density waves (CDW). In a normal conductive metal, electrons persist in a "sea" wherein they are evenly distributed and equally available, or conductive. A CDW occurs under certain circumstances and causes the electrons to clump together, lowering their availability, and thereby lowering the compound's conductivity. Tellurium, when crystallized into quasi-two-dimensional planes and combined with rare earth elements, produces a material with CDWs that can be manipulated and controlled.

329

Waves in Plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quadratic corrections to the metaplectic formulation of mode conversions. In this work we showed how to systematically deal with quadratic corrections beyond the usual linearization of the dispersion matrix at a conversion. The linearization leads to parabolic cylinder functions as the local approximation to the full-wave behavior, but these do not include the variation in amplitude associated with ray refraction in the neighborhood of the conversion. Hence, the region over which they give a good fit to the incoming and outgoing WKB solutions is small. By including higher order corrections it is possible to provide a much more robust matching. We also showed that it was possible, in principle, to extend these methods to arbitrary order. A new normal form for mode conversion. This is based upon our earlier NSF-DOE-funded work on ray helicity. We have begun efforts to apply these new ideas in practical ray tracing algorithms. Group theoretical foundation of path integrals and phase space representations of wave problems. Using the symbol theory of N. Zobin, we developed a new understanding of path integrals on phase space. The initial goal was to find practical computational tools for dealing with non-standard mode conversions. Along the way we uncovered a new way to represent wave functions directly on phase space without the intermediary of a Wigner function. We are exploring the use of these ideas for numerical studies of conversion, with the goal of eventually incorporating kinetic effects. Wave packet studies of gyroresonance crossing. In earlier work, Huanchun Ye and Allan Kaufman -- building upon ideas due to Lazar Friedland -- had shown that gyroresonance crossings could be treated as a double conversion. This perspective is one we have used for many of our papers since then. We are now performing a detailed numerical comparison between full-wave and ray tracing approaches in the study of minority-ion gyroresonance crossing. In this study, a fast magnetosonic wave -- supported by a majority-ion species such as deuterium -- crosses the resonance layer associated with a minority species, such as hydrogen. By using wave packets instead of harmonic solutions, it becomes easy to see the evolution in k-space of the minority-ion disturbance, and the time delay for emission of the reflected fast-wave packet. Iterated conversion in a cavity. When mode conversion occurs in a cavity where rays are trapped, multiple conversions will occur and the resulting absorption profile will typically have a complicated spatial dependence due to overlapping interference patterns. The goal of this work is to develop fast and efficient ray-based methods for computing the cavity response to external driving, and to compute the spatial absorption profile. We have introduced a new approach that allows us to visualize in great detail the underlying iterated ray geometry, and should lead to simpler methods for identifying parameter values where global changes occur in the qualitative response (e.g. global bifurcations).

Tracy, Eugene R

2009-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

330

Fractional Electromagnetic Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present work we consider the electromagnetic wave equation in terms of the fractional derivative of the Caputo type. The order of the derivative being considered is 0 <\\gamma<1. A new parameter \\sigma, is introduced which characterizes the existence of the fractional components in the system. We analyze the fractional derivative with respect to time and space, for \\gamma = 1 and \\gamma = 1/2 cases.

J. F. Gmez; J. J. Rosales; J. J. Bernal; V. I. Tkach; M. Gua

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

331

Gravitational wave astronomy and cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first direct observation of gravitational waves' action upon matter has recently been reported by the BICEP2 experiment. Advanced ground-based gravitational-wave detectors are being installed. They will soon be commissioned, and then begin searches for high-frequency gravitational waves at a sensitivity level that is widely expected to reach events involving compact objects like stellar mass black holes and neutron stars. Pulsar timing arrays continue to improve the bounds on gravitational waves at nanohertz frequencies, and may detect a signal on roughly the same timescale as ground-based detectors. The science case for space-based interferometers targeting millihertz sources is very strong. The decade of gravitational-wave discovery is poised to begin. In this writeup of a talk given at the 2013 TAUP conference, we will briefly review the physics of gravitational waves and gravitational-wave detectors, and then discuss the promise of these measurements for making cosmological measurements in the near future.

Scott A. Hughes

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

332

Laser-driven plasma-based accelerators: Wakefield excitation, channel guiding, and laser triggered particle injection*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser-driven plasma-based accelerators: Wakefield excitation, channel guiding, and laser triggered; accepted 18 February 1998 Plasma-based accelerators are discussed in which high-power short pulse lasers are the power source, suitably tailored plasma structures provide guiding of the laser beam and support large

Wurtele, Jonathan

333

An efficient fluorescent sensing platform for biomolecules based on fenton reaction triggered molecular beacon cleavage strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An efficient fluorescent sensing platform for biomolecules based on fenton reaction triggered/Biosensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, College of Biology, Hunan University, Changsha: Molecular beacons Fenton reaction Glucose Choline Biosensor a b s t r a c t A universal sensing platform

Tan, Weihong

334

Daily torpor in mice: high foraging costs trigger energy-saving hypothermia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...high foraging costs trigger energy-saving hypothermia Kristin A. Schubert...the use of daily torpor as an energy-saving strategy. The finding that daily...metabolic rate over time represented energy savings which ranged from 1-8 kJ d1...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

A ground level gamma-ray burst observed in association with rocket-triggered lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A ground level gamma-ray burst observed in association with rocket-triggered lightning J. R. Dwyer 2004; published 13 March 2004. [1] We report the observation of an intense gamma-ray burst observed lightning channel with gamma-ray energies extending up to more than 10 MeV. The burst consisted of 227

Florida, University of

336

Catalyst: Triggering Collective Action with Thresholds Justin Cheng, Michael S. Bernstein  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Catalyst: Triggering Collective Action with Thresholds Justin Cheng, Michael S. Bernstein Stanford The web is a catalyst for drawing people together around shared goals, but many groups never reach other people commit as well. Catalyst is a platform that introduces activation thresholds for on

Pratt, Vaughan

337

Measurements of NOX produced by rocket-triggered lightning M. Rahman,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lightning flashes were triggered using the rocket- and-wire technique at the International Center atmosphere. [3] A direct measurement of the NOX generated by a natural lightning flash is impractical because generated by lightning flashes. Due to a large number of uncertainties involved, the estimates of global NOX

Florida, University of

338

Cutoff and reestablishment of current in rocket-triggered lightning V. A. Rakov,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

negative rocket-triggered lightning flashes without return strokes (two from 1997 and one from 1993 lightning flash, from 1993, similar inferences regarding the processes involved in the replacement for the understanding of channel current cutoff in natural lightning flashes and may provide new insights

Florida, University of

339

Temporal Triggers in Active Databases A. Prasad Sistla 1 Ouri Wolfson 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

these conditions refer to the evolution of the database state over time (i.e. the database history). For example­begin, transaction­commit, invocation of a method, etc.) in addition to the database history. The following temporalTemporal Triggers in Active Databases A. Prasad Sistla 1 Ouri Wolfson 1 Department of Electrical

Wolfson, Ouri E.

340

On the electronics for Experiment E687's trigger on hadron momenta  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to describe the electronic modules designed to process the E687 hadron calorimeter's 552 readout channels and generate a trigger signal based upon the total momentum and the total transverse momentum of the detected hadrons.

Ramusino, A.C.; Hansen, S. (Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (USA)); Buchholz, D. (Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (USA))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Ice-shelf collapse from subsurface warming as a trigger for Heinrich events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Antarctica, the resulting ice-shelf loss and attendant HSIS acceleration would produce a Heinrich eventIce-shelf collapse from subsurface warming as a trigger for Heinrich events Shaun A. Marcotta,1-discharge events from the Hudson Strait Ice Stream (HSIS) of the Laurentide Ice Sheet, referred to as Heinrich

Schmittner, Andreas

342

Bubble nucleation as a trigger for xenolith entrapment in mantle melts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bubble nucleation as a trigger for xenolith entrapment in mantle melts Nadav G. Lensky a,b,, Ron W to partial crystallization. Following nucleation, the bubbles grow and, if magma volume is confined, the surrounding rock may fracture. We performed experiments on the nucleation of CO2 bubbles in mafic alkaline

Lyakhovsky, Vladimir

343

Beating the Bubble: Using Kinematic Triggering in the Bubble Lens for Acquiring Small, Dense Targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Beating the Bubble: Using Kinematic Triggering in the Bubble Lens for Acquiring Small, Dense Seattle, WA 98195 USA {memott, wobbrock}@uw.edu ABSTRACT We present the Bubble Lens, a new target acquisition technique that remedies the limitations of the Bubble Cursor to increase the speed and accuracy

Wobbrock, Jacob O.

344

Adapting Task Utility in Externally Triggered Energy Harvesting Wireless Sensing Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adapting Task Utility in Externally Triggered Energy Harvesting Wireless Sensing Systems Jamie tajana@ucsd.edu Abstract--Energy harvesting sensor nodes eliminate the need for post-deployment physical the utility of their tasks to accommodate the energy availability. For example, on sunny days, a solar

Simunic, Tajana

345

Insignificant solar-terrestrial triggering of earthquakes Jeffrey J. Love1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Insignificant solar-terrestrial triggering of earthquakes Jeffrey J. Love1 and Jeremy N. Thomas2 that solar-terrestrial interaction, as measured by sunspots, solar wind velocity, and geomagnetic activity by the corresponding rank of annual, monthly, and daily averages of the solar-terrestrial variables. We measure

Thomas, Jeremy N.

346

Millimeter wave interconnect and slow wave transmission lines in CMOS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??When heading into the millimeter wave frequency band, even wires on CMOS exhibit transmission line effects, this thesis therefore presents models, simulation and measurements for (more)

Bjrndal, ystein

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Regulation and synthesis processes in the living cell III. Interrelated operon triggers as elements of the cellular automaton  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The function of cross and feedback repression triggers is considered, taking into account the kinetics of the processes (mRNA and repressor protein synthesis) which interrelate the operons of the trigger. Triggers of two interrelated operons with at least two stable steady states, or one steady state and two long-lived extreme states, are considered in some detail. Such a trigger can be considered as a sequential machine, the internal states of which correspond to the stable steady states of the trigger. Switching between these internal states can be performed by appropriate external inducers or repressors; the time needed for such a switch is determined by the decay time of repressor proteins or of their polysomal templates. The differentiated cell types which arise from an egg cell should each correspond to a certain set of internal states of these triggers. The time intervals needed for the performance of differentiation or dedifferentiation processes agree with what is known about decay times of polysomal templates. Dedifferentiation processes observed in cell cultures can be explained by enhancement of repressor protein outleakage which produces degeneration of certain stable steady states of the trigger, or shortens the life of the extreme states of the trigger.

Z. Simon; E. Ruckenstein

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

96 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 46, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2004 Triggered Lightning Testing of an Airport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lightning Testing of an Airport Runway Lighting System Mirela Bejleri, Vladimir A. Rakov, Fellow, IEEE rods, lighting system, lightning protection, triggered lightning. I. INTRODUCTION THE EXPERIMENTS Abstract--The interaction of rocket-triggered lightning with an airport runway lighting system has been

Florida, University of

349

Use of the ECL-CAMAC trigger processor system for recoil missing mass triggers at the Tagged Photon Spectrometer at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A trigger processor in operation since May 1980 at the Tagged Photon Spectrometer at Fermilab will be described. The processor, based on the Fermilab ECL-CAMAC system, allows fast selection of high mass diffractive events from the total hadronic cross section. Data from a recoil detector, consisting of 3 wire chambers and 4 layers of scintillator concentric about a 1.5 m liquid hydrogen target, is digitized and presented to the processor within 3 sec. From the chamber data are found the vertices and angles of all recoiling tracks.

Martin, J.; Bracker, S.; Hartner, G.; Appel, J.; Nash, T.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

E-Print Network 3.0 - astrophysically triggered searches Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 49 Correlation between gamma-ray bursts and gravitational waves P. Tricarico,* A. Ortolan, A. Solaroli, and G. Vedovato...

351

Iterated multidimensional wave conversion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mode conversion can occur repeatedly in a two-dimensional cavity (e.g., the poloidal cross section of an axisymmetric tokamak). We report on two novel concepts that allow for a complete and global visualization of the ray evolution under iterated conversions. First, iterated conversion is discussed in terms of ray-induced maps from the two-dimensional conversion surface to itself (which can be visualized in terms of three-dimensional rooms). Second, the two-dimensional conversion surface is shown to possess a symplectic structure derived from Dirac constraints associated with the two dispersion surfaces of the interacting waves.

Brizard, A. J. [Dept. Physics, Saint Michael's College, Colchester, VT 05439 (United States); Tracy, E. R.; Johnston, D. [Dept. Physics, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187-8795 (United States); Kaufman, A. N. [LBNL and Physics Dept., UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Richardson, A. S. [T-5, LANL, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Zobin, N. [Dept. Mathematics, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187-8795 (United States)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

352

Gravity Waves in the Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present numerical simulations of penetrative convection and gravity wave excitation in the Sun. Gravity waves are self-consistently generated by a convective zone overlying a radiative interior. We produce power spectra for gravity waves in the radiative region as well as estimates for the energy flux of gravity waves below the convection zone. We calculate a peak energy flux in waves below the convection zone to be three orders of magnitude smaller than previous estimates for m=1. The simulations show that the linear dispersion relation is a good approximation only deep below the convective-radiative boundary. Both low frequency propagating gravity waves as well as higher frequency standing modes are generated; although we find that convection does not continually drive the standing g-mode frequencies.

Tamara M. Rogers; Gary A. Glatzmaier

2005-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

353

A muon trigger upgrade with high transverse momentum resolution for the ATLAS detector at the High-Luminosity LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Level-1 trigger for muons of the ATLAS experiment is based on trigger chambers with excellent time resolution which identifies muons coming from a particular beam crossing. To cope with a stringent constraint on the trigger rates expected at the phase II of the LHC, the socalled High-Luminosity LHC, it is proposed to include precision tracking chambers in the Level-1 muon trigger for improving the transverse momentum resolution. The rate of a single muon trigger with a transverse momentum threshold of 20 GeV is estimated to reduce to about half in an entire pseudorapidity region by introducing the proposed upgrade. An architecture of the electronics includes an additional priority readout chain, which is independent of the standard and asynchronous readout. A demonstrator of the frontend electronics has been developed and an initial test based on cosmic muons shows a resolution of position measurements consistent with a simulation.

Horii, Yasuyuki; The ATLAS collaboration

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Quantum Emulation of Gravitational Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravitational waves, as predicted by Einstein's general relativity theory, appear as ripples in the fabric of spacetime traveling at the speed of light. We prove that the propagation of small amplitude gravitational waves in a curved spacetime is equivalent to the propagation of a subspace of electromagnetic states. We use this result to propose the use of entangled photons to emulate the evolution of gravitational waves in curved spacetimes by means of experimental electromagnetic setups featuring metamaterials.

Ivan Fernandez-Corbaton; Mauro Cirio; Alexander Bse; Lucas Lamata; Enrique Solano; Gabriel Molina-Terriza

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

355

A Reconsideration of Matter Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Matter waves were discovered in the early 20th century from their wavelength, predicted by DeBroglie, Planck's constant divided by the particle's momentum, that is, lmw = h/mv. But, the failure to obtain a reasonable theory for the matter wave frequency resulted somewhat in loss of further interest. It was expected that the frequency of the matter wave should correspond to the particle kinetic energy, that is, fmw = 1/2mv^2/h but the resulting velocity of the matter of the particle, v = fmw x lmw, is that the matter wave moves at one half the speed of the particle, obviously absurd as the particle and its wave must move together. If relativistic mass is used (as it should in any case) the problem remains, the same mass appearing in numerator and denominator and canceling. It is no help to hypothesize that the total energy, not just the kinetic energy, yields the matter wave. That attributes a matter wave to a particle at rest. It also gives the resulting velocity as c^2/v, the wave racing ahead of its particle. A reinterpretation of Einstein's derivation of relativistic kinetic energy (which produced his famous E = mc^2) leads to a valid matter wave frequency and a new understanding of particle kinetics and of the atom's stable orbits.

Roger Ellman

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

356

Ultrascale Tsunami of Data  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Next, explicit prediction experiments for various time steps are conducted on a grid point basis using an auto-correlation (AR1) predictor: in regions with LTM, prediction...

357

Modeling for Tsunami Forecast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, accuracy, special operating environment needs, ease-of-use, and documentation #12;December 26, 2004 Sumatra

358

Tsunami Information Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hawaii," Engineering Geology Case Histories, GeologicalHerron," In Oral History of Coastal Engineering ActivitiesBeach; Its History from a Coastal Engineering Perspective,

Wiegel, Robert L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

On the background estimation by time slides in a network of gravitational wave detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time shifting the outputs of Gravitational Wave detectors operating in coincidence is a convenient way to estimate the background in a search for short duration signals. However this procedure is limited as increasing indefinitely the number of time shifts does not provide better estimates. We show that the false alarm rate estimation error saturates with the number of time shifts. In particular, for detectors with very different trigger rates this error saturates at a large value. Explicit computations are done for 2 detectors, and for 3 detectors where the detection statistic relies on the logical ``OR'' of the coincidences of the 3 couples in the network.

Michal Was; Marie-Anne Bizouard; Violette Brisson; Fabien Cavalier; Michel Davier; Patrice Hello; Nicolas Leroy; Florent Robinet; Vavoulidis Miltiadis

2009-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

360

Topological horseshoes in travelling waves of discretized nonlinear wave equations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Applying the concept of anti-integrable limit to coupled map lattices originated from space-time discretized nonlinear wave equations, we show that there exist topological horseshoes in the phase space formed by the initial states of travelling wave solutions. In particular, the coupled map lattices display spatio-temporal chaos on the horseshoes.

Chen, Yi-Chiuan, E-mail: YCChen@math.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Mathematics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)] [Institute of Mathematics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Chen, Shyan-Shiou, E-mail: sschen@ntnu.edu.tw [Department of Mathematics, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 11677, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Mathematics, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 11677, Taiwan (China); Yuan, Juan-Ming, E-mail: jmyuan@pu.edu.tw [Department of Financial and Computational Mathematics, Providence University, Shalu, Taichung 43301, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Financial and Computational Mathematics, Providence University, Shalu, Taichung 43301, Taiwan (China)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Discrete wave turbulence of rotational capillary water waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the discrete wave turbulent regime of capillary water waves with constant non-zero vorticity. The explicit Hamiltonian formulation and the corresponding coupling coefficient are obtained. We also present the construction and investigation of resonance clustering. Some physical implications of the obtained results are discussed.

Adrian Constantin; Elena Kartashova; Erik Wahln

2010-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

362

Laboratory Studies of Nonlinear and Breaking Surface Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A. Breaking-wave generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .of the wave tank. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .On steep gravity waves meeting a vertical wall: a triple

Drazen, David

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Excitation of plasma waves in the ionosphere caused by atmospheric acoustic waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The transformation of atmospheric acoustic waves into plasma waves in the ionosphere is investigated. The transformation mechanism is based on plasma wave exitation by growing acoustic waves, when ... is reached....

N. Ya. Kotsarenko; R. Prez Enrquez; S. V. Koshevaya

364

Experimental studies of irregular water wave component interactions with comparisons to the hybrid wave model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

computed by Wheeler Stretching and Linear Extrapolation modifications to Linear Random Wave Theory and the Hybrid Wave Model. Extreme wave acceleration fields arc compared with Hybrid Wave Model acceleration fields only. Comparisons between measurements...

Longridge, Jonathon Kent

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Performance of the ALICE muon trigger RPCs during LHC Run I  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) studies the transition of nuclear matter to a deconfined phase known as Quark Gluon Plasma, in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions at the LHC. ALICE is equipped with a muon spectrometer for the detection of quarkonia and heavy flavour particles. The trigger system of the spectrometer consists of 72 RPCs arranged in four detection planes, with a total area of 140 m^{2}. In the first three years of LHC operation, the muon trigger system was fully operational in data-taking in pp, Pb-Pb and p-Pb collisions. The RPC performance and stability throughout the whole data-taking period is presented and discussed, for the parameters such as the efficiency, the dark counting rate, the dark current and the cluster size.

Fontana, Mattia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Performance of the ALICE muon trigger RPCs during LHC Run I  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) studies the transition of nuclear matter to a deconfined phase known as Quark Gluon Plasma, in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions at the LHC. ALICE is equipped with a muon spectrometer for the detection of quarkonia and heavy flavour particles. The trigger system of the spectrometer consists of 72 RPCs arranged in four detection planes, with a total area of 140 m^{2}. In the first three years of LHC operation, the muon trigger system was fully operational in data-taking in pp, Pb-Pb and p-Pb collisions. The RPC performance and stability throughout the whole data-taking period is presented and discussed, for the parameters such as the efficiency, the dark counting rate, the dark current and the cluster size.

Mattia Fontana for the ALICE Collaboration

2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

367

Wave energy technology in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Wave energy technology in China Yage...Energy and Gas Hydrate...wave energy technology, summarizing...of an air turbine rotating at...research, development and construction...variable-pitch air turbine for the Azores...Liu2000Research and development of Daguan...National Ocean Technology Center, Tianjin...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

The effect of layout modification on latchup triggering in CMOS by experimental and simulation approaches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The influence of certain geometrical parameters on latchup triggering in CMOS-1.2[mu]m structure is studied by means of experiments and simulations on test structures. Electrical characterizations are made in order to validate quantitatively the analysis achieved by numerical simulations. The results of heavy ion irradiation from two different sources are given and discussed with regard to the influence of the same geometrical parameters on the sensitivity of the test structures to latchup.

La Rochette, H. de; Bruguier, G.; Palau, J.M.; Gasiot, J. (Univ. Montpellier II (France). Centre d'Electronique de Montpellier); Ecoffet, R. (Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, Toulouse (France))

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Respiratory triggered 4D cone-beam computed tomography: A novel method to reduce imaging dose  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: A novel method called respiratory triggered 4D cone-beam computed tomography (RT 4D CBCT) is described whereby imaging dose can be reduced without degrading image quality. RT 4D CBCT utilizes a respiratory signal to trigger projections such that only a single projection is assigned to a given respiratory bin for each breathing cycle. In contrast, commercial 4D CBCT does not actively use the respiratory signal to minimize image dose. Methods: To compare RT 4D CBCT with conventional 4D CBCT, 3600 CBCT projections of a thorax phantom were gathered and reconstructed to generate a ground truth CBCT dataset. Simulation pairs of conventional 4D CBCT acquisitions and RT 4D CBCT acquisitions were developed assuming a sinusoidal respiratory signal which governs the selection of projections from the pool of 3600 original projections. The RT 4D CBCT acquisition triggers a single projection when the respiratory signal enters a desired acquisition bin; the conventional acquisition does not use a respiratory trigger and projections are acquired at a constant frequency. Acquisition parameters studied were breathing period, acquisition time, and imager frequency. The performance of RT 4D CBCT using phase based and displacement based sorting was also studied. Image quality was quantified by calculating difference images of the test dataset from the ground truth dataset. Imaging dose was calculated by counting projections. Results: Using phase based sorting RT 4D CBCT results in 47% less imaging dose on average compared to conventional 4D CBCT. Image quality differences were less than 4% at worst. Using displacement based sorting RT 4D CBCT results in 57% less imaging dose on average, than conventional 4D CBCT methods; however, image quality was 26% worse with RT 4D CBCT. Conclusions: Simulation studies have shown that RT 4D CBCT reduces imaging dose while maintaining comparable image quality for phase based 4D CBCT; image quality is degraded for displacement based RT 4D CBCT in its current implementation.

Cooper, Benjamin J. [Radiation Physics Laboratory, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia and Department of Medical Physics and Radiation Engineering, Canberra Hospital, Canberra, ACT 2605 (Australia); O'Brien, Ricky T.; Keall, Paul J. [Radiation Physics Laboratory, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Balik, Salim; Hugo, Geoffrey D. [Radiation Oncology, Virginia Commonwealth University, 401 College Street, P.O.Box 980058, Richmond, Virginia 23298-0058 (United States)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

370

Direct, physically motivated derivation of triggering probabilities for spreading processes on generalized random networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive a general expression for the probability of global spreading starting from a single infected seed for contagion processes acting on generalized, correlated random networks. We employ a simple probabilistic argument that encodes the spreading mechanism in an intuitive, physical fashion. We use our approach to directly and systematically obtain triggering probabilities for contagion processes acting on a series of interrelated random network families.

Dodds, Peter Sheridan; Payne, Joshua L

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Tube-wave seismic imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The detailed analysis of cross well seismic data for a gas reservoir in Texas revealed two newly detected seismic wave effects, recorded approximately 2000 feet above the reservoir. A tube-wave (150) is initiated in a source well (110) by a source (111), travels in the source well (110), is coupled to a geological feature (140), propagates (151) through the geological feature (140), is coupled back to a tube-wave (152) at a receiver well (120), and is and received by receiver(s) (121) in either the same (110) or a different receiving well (120). The tube-wave has been shown to be extremely sensitive to changes in reservoir characteristics. Tube-waves appear to couple most effectively to reservoirs where the well casing is perforated, allowing direct fluid contact from the interior of a well case to the reservoir.

Korneev, Valeri A [LaFayette, CA

2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

372

Tube-wave seismic imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The detailed analysis of cross well seismic data for a gas reservoir in Texas revealed two newly detected seismic wave effects, recorded approximately 2000 feet above the reservoir. A tube-wave (150) is initiated in a source well (110) by a source (111), travels in the source well (110), is coupled to a geological feature (140), propagates (151) through the geological feature (140), is coupled back to a tube-wave (152) at a receiver well (120), and is and received by receiver(s) (121) in either the same (110) or a different receiving well (120). The tube-wave has been shown to be extremely sensitive to changes in reservoir characteristics. Tube-waves appear to couple most effectively to reservoirs where the well casing is perforated, allowing direct fluid contact from the interior of a well case to the reservoir.

Korneev, Valeri A. (Lafayette, CA); Bakulin, Andrey (Houston, TX)

2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

373

Application of wave generator theory to the development of a Wave Energy Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application of wave generator theory to the development of a Wave Energy Converter by Maila Sepri approve the attached thesis Application of wave generator theory to the development of a Wave Energy Application of wave generator theory to the development of a Wave Energy Converter by Maila Sepri Principal

Wood, Stephen L.

374

Triggering and W-Polarisation Studies with CMS at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results from studies on the commissioning of the Global Calorimeter Trigger (GCT) of the CMS experiment are presented. Event-by-event comparisons of the hardware with a bit-level software emulation are used to achieve 100% agreement for all trigger quantities. In addition, a missing energy trigger based on jets is motivated using a simulation study, and consequently implemented and commissioned in the GCT. Furthermore, a templated-fit method for measuring the polarisation of W bosons at the LHC in the Helicity Frame is developed, and validated in simulation. An analysis of the first 3.2/pb of sqrt(s) = 7 TeV LHC data in the muon channel yields values of (fL ? fR)+ = 0.347 0.070, f0+ = 0.240 0.176, and (fL ? fR)? = 0.097 0.088, f0? = 0.262 0.196 for positive and negative charges respectively. The errors quoted are statistical. A preliminary systematic study is also presented.

Marrouche, Jad

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Trigger Mechanism of Solar Subflares in a Braided Coronal Magnetic Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fine-scale braiding of coronal magnetic loops by continuous footpoint motions may power coronal heating via nanoflares, which are spontaneous fine-scale bursts of internal reconnection. An initial nanoflare may trigger an avalanche of reconnection of the braids, making a microflare or larger subflare. In contrast to this internal triggering of subflares, we observe external triggering of subflares in a braided coronal magnetic field observed by the {\\it High-resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C)}. We track the development of these subflares using 12 s cadence images acquired by {\\it SDO}/AIA in 1600, 193, 94 \\AA, and registered magnetograms of {\\it SDO}/HMI, over four hours centered on the {\\it Hi-C} observing time. These data show numerous recurring small-scale brightenings in transition-region emission happening on polarity inversion lines where flux cancellation is occurring. We present in detail an example of an apparent burst of reconnection of two loops in the transition region under the braided coronal fiel...

Tiwari, Sanjiv K; Winebarger, Amy R; Moore, Ronald L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Measurement of the $B^-$ lifetime using a simulation free approach for trigger bias correction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The collection of a large number of B hadron decays to hadronic final states at the CDF II detector is possible due to the presence of a trigger that selects events based on track impact parameters. However, the nature of the selection requirements of the trigger introduces a large bias in the observed proper decay time distribution. A lifetime measurement must correct for this bias and the conventional approach has been to use a Monte Carlo simulation. The leading sources of systematic uncertainty in the conventional approach are due to differences between the data and the Monte Carlo simulation. In this paper they present an analytic method for bias correction without using simulation, thereby removing any uncertainty between data and simulation. This method is presented in the form of a measurement of the lifetime of the B{sup -} using the mode B{sup -} {yields} D{sup 0}{pi}{sup -}. The B{sup -} lifetime is measured as {tau}{sub B{sup -}} = 1.663 {+-} 0.023 {+-} 0.015 ps, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. This new method results in a smaller systematic uncertainty in comparison to methods that use simulation to correct for the trigger bias.

Aaltonen, T.; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Adelman, J.; /Chicago U., EFI; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S.; /INFN, Padua; Amidei, D.; /Michigan U.; Anastassov, A.; /Northwestern U.; Annovi, A.; /Frascati; Antos, J.; /Comenius U.; Apollinari, G.; /Fermilab; Appel, J.; /Fermilab; Apresyan, A.; /Purdue U. /Waseda U.

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Hinsdale Wave Basin 1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hinsdale Wave Basin 1 Hinsdale Wave Basin 1 Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Hinsdale Wave Basin 1 Overseeing Organization Oregon State University Hydrodynamics Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Wave Basin Length(m) 104.0 Beam(m) 3.7 Depth(m) 4.6 Cost(per day) $3500 Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities Yes Maximum Wave Height(m) 1.8 Maximum Wave Height(m) at Wave Period(s) 10.0 Wave Period Range(s) 10.0 Current Velocity Range(m/s) 0.0 Programmable Wavemaking Yes Wavemaking Description Monochromatic waves (cnoidal, Stokes, Airy), solitary waves, user-defined free surface timeseries or board displacement timeseries for random waves Wave Direction Uni-Directional Simulated Beach Yes Description of Beach 12' by 12' concrete slabs anchored to flume walls

378

Wave and Tide-Dominated Coasts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Between the wave- and tide-dominated coastal extremes is a broad spectrum of wave and tide-dominated coasts. These range from settings with high wave energy and perceptible tidal energy associated with a low tida...

Edward J. Anthony

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Electrostatic-plasma-wave energy flux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

would reduce cross- field wave-energy convection since theor cross-field leakage of wave energy are ap- that thecomposition of electrostatic-wave-energy field degrees of

Amendt, P.; Rostoker, N.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Scholte waves generated by seafloor topography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seafloor topography can excite strong interface waves called Scholte waves that are often dispersive and characterized by slow propagation but large amplitude. This type of wave can be used to invert for near seafloor shear ...

Zheng, Yingcai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Second Harmonic Resonance for Equatorial Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simple, exact analytical conditions for second harmonic resonance between equatorial waves are derived. Such resonance can occur only between two Rossby waves or two westward travelling gravity waves. It is shown that regardless of whether the ...

John P. Boyd

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Development of a novel scintillation-trigger detector for the MTV experiment using aluminum-metallized film tapes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new type of a trigger-scintillation counter array designed for the MTV experiment at TRIUMF-ISAC has been developed, which uses aluminum-metallized film tape for wrapping to achieve the required assembling precision of $\\pm$0.5 mm. The MTV experiment uses a cylindrical drift chamber (CDC) as the main electron-tracking detector. The barrel-type trigger counter is placed inside the CDC to generate a trigger signal using 1 mm thick, 300 mm long thin plastic scintillation counters. Detection efficiency and light attenuation compared with conventional wrapping materials are studied.

S. Tanaka; S. Ozaki; Y. Sakamoto; R. Tanuma; T. Yoshida; J. Murata

2014-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

383

New wave effects in nonstationary plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through particle-in-cell simulations and analytics, a host of interesting and novel wave effects in nonstationary plasma are examined. In particular, Langmuir waves serve as a model system to explore wave dynamics in plasmas undergoing compression, expansion, and charge recombination. The entire wave life-cycle is explored, including wave excitation, adiabatic evolution and action conservation, nonadiabatic evolution and resonant wave-particle effects, collisional dissipation, and potential laboratory applications of the aforementioned phenomenology.

Schmit, P. F. [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-1186 (United States)] [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-1186 (United States); Fisch, N. J. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)] [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

384

A triggered lightning flash containing both negative and positive J. Jerauld, M. A. Uman, V. A. Rakov, K. J. Rambo, and D. M. Jordan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A triggered lightning flash containing both negative and positive strokes J. Jerauld, M. A. Uman, V, and D. M. Jordan (2004), A triggered lightning flash containing both negative and positive strokes and magnetic fields for a rocket-triggered two-stroke flash. The first stroke lowered negative charge to ground

Florida, University of

385

Are "EIT Waves" Fast-Mode MHD Waves?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the nature of large-scale, coronal, propagating wave fronts (``EIT waves'') and find they are incongruous with solutions using fast-mode MHD plane-wave theory. Specifically, we consider the following properties: non-dispersive single pulse manifestions, observed velocities below the local Alfven speed, and different pulses which travel at any number of constant velocities, rather than at the ``predicted'' fast-mode speed. We discuss the possibility of a soliton-like explanation for these phenomena, and show how it is consistent with the above-mentioned aspects.

M. J. Wills-Davey; C. E. DeForest; J. O. Stenflo

2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

386

Dartmouth Wave Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dartmouth Wave Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Dartmouth Wave Energy Region: United Kingdom Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: http:www.dartmouthwaveenergy This...

387

Wind Waves and Sun | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Waves and Sun Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wind Waves and Sun Region: United States Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: http:www.windwavesandsun.com This company is...

388

Wave Wind LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wave Wind LLC Place: Sun Prairie, Wisconsin Zip: 53590 Sector: Services, Wind energy Product: Wisconsin-based wind developer and construction services provider. References: Wave...

389

Heat Waves, Global Warming, and Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat Waves, Global Warming, and Mitigation Ann E. Carlson*II. HEAT WAVE DEFINITIONS .. A . HW aves B. Heat-related

Carlson, Ann E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Sandia National Laboratories: wave energy converter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

wave energy converter Sandia Funded to Model Power Pods for Utility-Scale Wave-Energy Converter On September 16, 2014, in Computational Modeling & Simulation, Energy, News, News &...

391

Mirror force induced wave dispersion in Alfvn waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent hybrid MHD-kinetic electron simulations of global scale standing shear Alfvn waves along the Earth's closed dipolar magnetic field lines show that the upward parallel current region within these waves saturates and broadens perpendicular to the ambient magnetic field and that this broadening increases with the electron temperature. Using resistive MHD simulations, with a parallel Ohm's law derived from the linear Knight relation (which expresses the current-voltage relationship along an auroral field line), we explore the nature of this broadening in the context of the increased perpendicular Poynting flux resulting from the increased parallel electric field associated with mirror force effects. This increased Poynting flux facilitates wave energy dispersion across field lines which in-turn allows for electron acceleration to carry the field aligned current on adjacent field lines. This mirror force driven dispersion can dominate over that associated with electron inertial effects for global scale waves.

Damiano, P. A.; Johnson, J. R. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-0451 (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-0451 (United States)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

392

Nondestructive testing using stress waves: wave propagation in layered media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The use of stress waves in several civil engineering applications such as nondestructive testing of soil deposits or pavement systems has become extremely popular over the last few years. In all cases, a dynamic impulse is applied to the surface...

Ortega, Jose Alberto

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

393

Branes are Waves and Monopoles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a recent paper it was shown that fundamental strings are null waves in Double Field Theory. Similarly, membranes are waves in exceptional extended geometry. Here the story is continued by showing how various branes are Kaluza-Klein monopoles of these higher dimensional theories. Examining the specific case of the E7 exceptional extended geometry, we see that all branes are both waves and monopoles. Along the way we discuss the O(d; d) transformation of localized brane solutions not associated to an isometry and how true T-duality emerges in Double Field Theory when the background possesses isometries.

David S. Berman; Felix J. Rudolph

2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

394

Recirculation in multiple wave conversions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A one-dimensional multiple wave-conversion model is constructed that allows energy recirculation in ray phase space. Using a modular eikonal approach, the connection coefficients for this model are calculated by ray phase-space methods. Analytical results (confirmed numerically) show that all connection coefficients exhibit interference effects that depend on an interference phase, calculated from the coupling constants and the area enclosed by the intersecting rays. This conceptual model, which focuses on the topology of intersecting rays in phase space, is used to investigate how mode conversion between primary and secondary waves is modified by the presence of a tertiary wave.

Kaufman, A. N.; Brizard, A.J.; Kaufman, A.N.; Tracy, E.R.

2008-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

395

Wave Energy Basics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Wave Energy Basics Wave Energy Basics Wave Energy Basics August 16, 2013 - 4:30pm Addthis Photo of a large wave. Wave energy technologies extract energy directly from surface waves or from pressure fluctuations below the surface. Renewable energy analysts believe there is enough energy in ocean waves to provide up to 2 terawatts of electricity. (A terawatt is equal to a trillion watts.) However, wave energy cannot be harnessed everywhere. Wave power-rich areas of the world include the western coasts of Scotland, northern Canada, southern Africa, and Australia as well as the northeastern and northwestern coasts of the United States. In the Pacific Northwest alone, it is feasible that wave energy could produce 40-70 kilowatts (kW) per 3.3 feet (1 meter) of western coastline. Wave Energy Technologies

396

Hinsdale Wave Basin 2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wave Basin 2 Wave Basin 2 Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Hinsdale Wave Basin 2 Overseeing Organization Oregon State University Hydrodynamics Length(m) 48.8 Beam(m) 26.5 Depth(m) 2.1 Water Type Freshwater Cost(per day) $3500 Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities Yes Maximum Wave Height(m) 0.8 Maximum Wave Height(m) at Wave Period(s) 10.0 Wave Period Range(s) 10.0 Current Velocity Range(m/s) 0.0 Programmable Wavemaking Yes Wavemaking Description Monochromatic waves (cnoidal, Stokes, Airy), solitary waves, user-defined free surface timeseries or board displacement timeseries for random waves Wave Direction Both Simulated Beach Yes Description of Beach Built to client specifications, currently rigid concrete over gravel fill

397

Sheets Wave Basin | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sheets Wave Basin Sheets Wave Basin Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Sheets Wave Basin Overseeing Organization University of Rhode Island Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Wave Basin Length(m) 30.0 Beam(m) 3.6 Depth(m) 1.8 Cost(per day) $750(+ Labor/Materials) Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities Yes Maximum Velocity(m/s) 2.0 Length of Effective Tow(m) 25.0 Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities Yes Maximum Wave Height(m) 0.3 Maximum Wave Height(m) at Wave Period(s) 3.0 Maximum Wave Length(m) 10 Wave Period Range(s) 3.0 Current Velocity Range(m/s) 0.0 Programmable Wavemaking Yes Wavemaking Description Pre-programmed for regular and irregular waves, but wavemaker is capable of any input motion. Wave Direction Uni-Directional

398

Haynes Wave Basin | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wave Basin Wave Basin Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Haynes Wave Basin Overseeing Organization Texas A&M (Haynes) Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Wave Basin Length(m) 38.1 Beam(m) 22.9 Depth(m) 1.5 Water Type Freshwater Cost(per day) $150/hour (excluding labor) Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities Yes Maximum Wave Height(m) 0.6 Maximum Wave Height(m) at Wave Period(s) 3.3 Maximum Wave Length(m) 10.7 Wave Period Range(s) 3.3 Current Velocity Range(m/s) 0.2 Programmable Wavemaking Yes Wavemaking Description Directional, irregular, any spectrum, cnoidal or solitary wave Wave Direction Both Simulated Beach Yes Description of Beach Stone Channel/Tunnel/Flume Channel/Tunnel/Flume None

399

Performance of the ATLAS Inner Detector Trigger algorithms in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 900 GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ATLAS Inner Detector (ID) trigger algorithms ran online during data taking with proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in December 2009. Preliminary results on the performance of the algorithms in collisions at centreof-mass energy of 900GeV are presented, including comparisons to the ATLAS offline tracking algorithms and to simulations. The ATLAS trigger performs the online event selection in three stages. The ID information is used in the second and third triggering stages, called Level-2 trigger (L2) and Event Filter (EF) respectively, and collectively the High Level Triggers (HLT). The HLT runs software algorithms in a large farm of commercial CPUs and is designed to reject collision events in real time, keeping the most interesting few in every thousand. The average execution time per event at L2(EF) is about 40ms(4s) and the ID trigger algorithms can take only a fraction of that. Within this time, the data from interesting regions of the ID have to be accessed from central buffe...

Christidi, I A; The ATLAS collaboration

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

wave energy | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

99 99 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142281099 Varnish cache server wave energy Dataset Summary Description Source The Wave Energy Resource Assessment project is a joint venture between NREL, EPRI, and Virginia Tech. EPRI is the prime contractor, Virginia Tech is responsible for development of the models and estimating the wave resource, and NREL serves as an independent validator and also develops the final GIS-based display of the data. Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Date Released September 27th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated October 20th, 2011 (3 years ago) Keywords EPRI GIS NREL Puerto Rico shapefile United States Virginia Tech wave energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Gravitational waves: a foundational review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The standard linear approach to the gravitational waves theory is critically reviewed. Contrary to the prevalent understanding, it is pointed out that this theory contains many conceptual and technical obscure issues that require further analysis.

J. G. Pereira

2013-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

402

Wave Energy Extraction from buoys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Different types of Wave Energy Converters currently tested or under development are using the vertical movement of floating bodies to generate electricity. For commercial applications, arrays have to be considered in order ...

Garnaud, Xavier

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Concept of a Stand-Alone Muon Trigger with High Transverse Momentum Resolution for the ATLAS Detector at the High-Luminosity LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ATLAS trigger uses a three-level trigger system. The level-1 (L1) trigger for muons with high transverse momentum pT in ATLAS is based on fast chambers with excellent time resolution which are able to identify muons coming from a particular beam crossing. These trigger chambers also provide a fast measurement of the muon transverse momenta, however with limited accuracy caused by the moderate spatial resolution along the deflecting direction of the magnetic field. The higher luminosity foreseen for Phase-II puts stringent limits on the L1 trigger rates. A way to control these rates is the improvement of the spatial resolution of the triggering device which drastically sharpens the turn-on curve of the L1 trigger. To do this, the precision tracking chambers (MDT) can be used in the L1 trigger, if the corresponding trigger latency is increased as planned. The trigger rate reduction is accomplished by strongly decreasing the rate of triggers from muons with pT lower than a predefined threshold (typically 20 ...

Horii, Yasuyuki; The ATLAS collaboration

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Cluster Dynamics of Planetary Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dynamics of nonlinear atmospheric planetary waves is determined by a small number of independent wave clusters consisting of a few connected resonant triads. We classified the different types of connections between neighboring triads that determine the general dynamics of a cluster. Each connection type corresponds to substantially different scenarios of energy flux among the modes. The general approach can be applied directly to various mesoscopic systems with 3-mode interactions, encountered in hydrodynamics, astronomy, plasma physics, chemistry, medicine, etc.

Elena Kartashova; Victor S. L'vov

2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

405

Direct Drive Wave Energy Buoy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The most prudent path to a full-scale design, build and deployment of a wave energy conversion (WEC) system involves establishment of validated numerical models using physical experiments in a methodical scaling program. This Project provides essential additional rounds of wave tank testing at 1:33 scale and ocean/bay testing at a 1:7 scale, necessary to validate numerical modeling that is essential to a utility-scale WEC design and associated certification.

Rhinefrank, Kenneth E. [Columbia Power Technologies, Inc.; Lenee-Bluhm, Pukha [Columbia Power Technologies, Inc.; Prudell, Joseph H. [Columbia Power Technologies, Inc.; Schacher, Alphonse A. [Columbia Power Technologies, Inc.; Hammagren, Erik J. [Columbia Power Technologies, Inc.; Zhang, Zhe [Columbia Power Technologies, Inc.

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

406

An Optimization of the FPGA Based Wavelet Trigger in Radio Detection of Cosmic Rays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experiments that observe coherent radio emission from extensive air showers induced by ultra-high energy cosmic rays are designed for a detailed study of the development of the electromagnetic part of air showers. Radio detectors can operate with 100% up time as e.g. surface detectors based on water-Cherenkov tanks. They are being developed for ground-based experiments (e.g. the Pierre Auger Observatory) as another type of air shower detector in addition to the fluorescence detectors, which operate with only ~10% of duty in dark nights. The radio signals from air showers are caused by the coherent emission due to geomagnetic radiation and charge excess processes. Currently used self-triggers in radio detectors often generate a dense stream of data, which is analyzed afterwards. Huge amounts of registered data requires a significant man-power for the off-line analysis. An improvement of the trigger efficiency becomes a relevant factor. In this work, Morlet wavelets with various scaling factors were used for an analysis of real data from the Auger Engineering Radio Array and for an optimization of the utilization of the resources in an FPGA. The wavelet analysis showed that the power of events is concentrated mostly in a limited range of the frequency spectrum (consistent with a range imposed by the input analog band-pass filter). However, we found several events with suspicious spectral characteristics, where the signal power is spread over the full band-width sampled by a 200 MHz digitizer with significant contribution of very high and very low frequencies. These events may not origin from cosmic ray showers but can be human-made contaminations. The engine of the wavelet analysis can be implemented into the modern powerful FPGA and can remove suspicious events on-line to reduce the trigger rate.

Zbigniew Szadkowski for the Pierre Auger Collaboration

2014-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

407

THE KINEMATICS AND PLASMA PROPERTIES OF A SOLAR SURGE TRIGGERED BY CHROMOSPHERIC ACTIVITY IN AR11271  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We observe a solar surge in NOAA AR11271 using the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Atmospheric Imaging Assembly 304 A image data on 2011 August 25. The surge rises vertically from its origin up to a height of Almost-Equal-To 65 Mm with a terminal velocity of Almost-Equal-To 100 km s{sup -1}, and thereafter falls and fades gradually. The total lifetime of the surge was Almost-Equal-To 20 minutes. We also measure the temperature and density distribution of the observed surge during its maximum rise and find an average temperature and a density of 2.0 MK and 4.1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} cm{sup -3}, respectively. The temperature map shows the expansion and mixing of cool plasma lagging behind the hot coronal plasma along the surge. Because SDO/HMI temporal image data do not show any detectable evidence of significant photospheric magnetic field cancellation for the formation of the observed surge, we infer that it is probably driven by magnetic-reconnection-generated thermal energy in the lower chromosphere. The radiance (and thus the mass density) oscillations near the base of the surge are also evident, which may be the most likely signature of its formation by a reconnection-generated pulse. In support of the present observational baseline of the triggering of the surge due to chromospheric heating, we devise a numerical model with conceivable implementation of the VAL-C atmosphere and a thermal pulse as an initial trigger. We find that the pulse steepens into a slow shock at higher altitudes which triggers plasma perturbations exhibiting the observed features of the surge, e.g., terminal velocity, height, width, lifetime, and heated fine structures near its base.

Kayshap, P.; Srivastava, Abhishek K. [Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Manora Peak, Nainital 263 129 (India)] [Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Manora Peak, Nainital 263 129 (India); Murawski, K., E-mail: kmur@kft.umcs.lublin.pl [Group of Astrophysics, UMCS, ul. Radziszewskiego 10, 20-031 Lublin (Poland)

2013-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

408

Analysis of flash flood-triggering rainfall for a process-oriented hydrological model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We propose an extended study of recent flood-triggering storms and resulting hydrological responses for catchments in the Pyrenean foothills up to the Aude region. For hydrometeorological sciences, it appears relevant to characterize flash floods and the storm that triggered them over various temporal and spatial scales. There are very few studies of extreme storm-caused floods in the literature covering the Mediterranean and highlighting, for example, the quickness and seasonality of this natural phenomenon. The present analysis is based on statistics that clarify the dependence between the spatial and temporal distributions of rainfall at catchment scale, catchment morphology and runoff response. Given the specific space and time scales of rainfall cell development, we show that the combined use of radar and a rain gauge network appears pertinent. Rainfall depth and intensity are found to be lower for catchments in the Pyrenean foothills than for the nearby Corbires or Montagne Noire regions. We highlight various hydrological behaviours and show that an increase in initial soil saturation tends to foster quicker catchment flood response times, of around 3 to 10h. The hydrometeorological data set characterized in this paper constitutes a wealth of information to constrain a physics-based distributed model for regionalization purposes in the case of flash floods. Moreover, the use of diagnostic indices for rainfall distribution over catchment drainage networks highlights a unimodal trend in spatial temporal storm distributions for the entire flood dataset. Finally, it appears that floods in mountainous Pyrenean catchments are generally triggered by rainfall near the catchment outlet, where the topography is lower.

P.A. Garambois; K. Larnier; H. Roux; D. Labat; D. Dartus

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, 2002 ROSSBY WAVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WAVES Peter B. Rhines School of Oceanography, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington Large` wave. These waves owe their existence to the rotation and spherical shape of the Earth. Weather reinforce this inequality. Waves then become possible, which are dominated by nearly horizontal wind

Bordoni, Simona

410

Wavelet Spectrum Analysis and Ocean Wind Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wavelet Spectrum Analysis and Ocean Wind Waves Paul C. Liu Abstract. Wavelet spectrum analysis is applied to a set of measured ocean wind waves data collected during the 1990 SWADE {Surface Wave Dynamics Experi- ment) program. The results reveal significantly new and previously unexplored Insights on wave

411

SURFACE ALFVEN WAVES IN SOLAR FLUX TUBES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) waves are ubiquitous in the solar atmosphere. Alfven waves and magneto-sonic waves are particular classes of MHD waves. These wave modes are clearly different and have pure properties in uniform plasmas of infinite extent only. Due to plasma non-uniformity, MHD waves have mixed properties and cannot be classified as pure Alfven or magneto-sonic waves. However, vorticity is a quantity unequivocally related to Alfven waves as compression is for magneto-sonic waves. Here, we investigate MHD waves superimposed on a one-dimensional non-uniform straight cylinder with constant magnetic field. For a piecewise constant density profile, we find that the fundamental radial modes of the non-axisymmetric waves have the same properties as surface Alfven waves at a true discontinuity in density. Contrary to the classic Alfven waves in a uniform plasma of infinite extent, vorticity is zero everywhere except at the cylinder boundary. If the discontinuity in density is replaced with a continuous variation of density, vorticity is spread out over the whole interval with non-uniform density. The fundamental radial modes of the non-axisymmetric waves do not need compression to exist unlike the radial overtones. In thin magnetic cylinders, the fundamental radial modes of the non-axisymmetric waves with phase velocities between the internal and the external Alfven velocities can be considered as surface Alfven waves. On the contrary, the radial overtones can be related to fast-like magneto-sonic modes.

Goossens, M.; Andries, J.; Soler, R.; Van Doorsselaere, T. [Centre for Plasma Astrophysics, Department of Mathematics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200B, 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Arregui, I.; Terradas, J., E-mail: marcel.goossens@wis.kuleuven.be [Solar Physics Group, Departament de Fisica, Universitat de les Illes Balears, E-07122 Palma de Mallorca (Spain)

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

412

Rogue Waves UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI ROSENSTIEL SCHOOL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rogue Waves UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI ROSENSTIEL SCHOOL OF MARINE AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway Miami, Florida 33149 http://www.rsmas.miami.edu Taking the Surprise Out of the Freak Wave another to create monster waves that not even the bravest surfer could love. Big waves are big news

Miami, University of

413

Wave energy devices with compressible volumes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...author and source are credited. Wave energy devices with compressible volumes Adi...1BJ, UK We present an analysis of wave energy devices with air-filled compressible...wave period range of about-4s. wave energy|compressible volume|axisymmetric device...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Gamma Ray Burst triggering Supernova Explosion (and other effects on neighbouring stars)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The initial burst of a gamma ray burst (GRB) is usually followed by a longer-lived afterglow emitted at longer wavelengths. The evidence for a physical connection between GRBs and core collapse supernovae (SN) has increased since the discovery of GRB afterglows. So far SN signatures have been found in only a few GRBs. Here we propose the possibility of a GRB triggering the collapse of a WR or RG star in a binary system producing a SN, and typical signatures. We also look at the effects of GRBs on MS and WD stars in the neighbourhood. The possibility of GRBs retarding star formation in an interstellar cloud is also discussed.

C. Sivaram; Kenath Arun

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

415

Rocket-triggered lightning test of an earth-covered munitions storage bunker  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the summer of 1991, nine negative cloud-to-ground lightning flashes, comprising a total of 38 individual return strokes, were triggered to designated attachment points on a munitions storage bunker. Measurements were simultaneously made of the incident flash currents, both return-stroke and continuing current components, and of response at 24 test points located throughout the bunker. The recorded responses included currents, voltages, and electric and magnetic fields throughout the structure and its lightning protection system. The maximum responses observed at each test point, as directly measured and a linearly scaled to median and severe return-stroke incident current amplitudes, are presented and discussed. 8 refs.

Schnetzer, G.H.; Fisher, R.J.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

INITIATORS AND TRIGGERING CONDITIONS FOR ADAPTIVE AUTOMATION IN ADVANCED SMALL MODULAR REACTORS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is anticipated that Advanced Small Modular Reactors (AdvSMRs) will employ high degrees of automation. High levels of automation can enhance system performance, but often at the cost of reduced human performance. Automation can lead to human out-of the loop issues, unbalanced workload, complacency, and other problems if it is not designed properly. Researchers have proposed adaptive automation (defined as dynamic or flexible allocation of functions) as a way to get the benefits of higher levels of automation without the human performance costs. Adaptive automation has the potential to balance operator workload and enhance operator situation awareness by allocating functions to the operators in a way that is sensitive to overall workload and capabilities at the time of operation. However, there still a number of questions regarding how to effectively design adaptive automation to achieve that potential. One of those questions is related to how to initiate (or trigger) a shift in automation in order to provide maximal sensitivity to operator needs without introducing undesirable consequences (such as unpredictable mode changes). Several triggering mechanisms for shifts in adaptive automation have been proposed including: operator initiated, critical events, performance-based, physiological measurement, model-based, and hybrid methods. As part of a larger project to develop design guidance for human-automation collaboration in AdvSMRs, researchers at Idaho National Laboratory have investigated the effectiveness and applicability of each of these triggering mechanisms in the context of AdvSMR. Researchers reviewed the empirical literature on adaptive automation and assessed each triggering mechanism based on the human-system performance consequences of employing that mechanism. Researchers also assessed the practicality and feasibility of using the mechanism in the context of an AdvSMR control room. Results indicate that there are tradeoffs associated with each mechanism, but that some are more applicable to the AdvSMR domain. The two mechanisms that consistently improve performance in laboratory studies are operator initiated adaptive automation based on hierarchical task delegation and the Electroencephalogram(EEG) based measure of engagement. Current EEG methods are intrusive and require intensive analysis; therefore it is not recommended for an AdvSMR control rooms at this time. Researchers also discuss limitations in the existing empirical literature and make recommendations for further research.

Katya L Le Blanc; Johanna h Oxstrand

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Alden Wave Basin | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wave Basin Wave Basin Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Alden Wave Basin Overseeing Organization Alden Research Laboratory, Inc Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Wave Basin Length(m) 33.5 Beam(m) 21.3 Depth(m) 1.2 Water Type Freshwater Cost(per day) Depends on study Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities Yes Maximum Wave Height(m) 0.3 Maximum Wave Height(m) at Wave Period(s) 1.0 Maximum Wave Length(m) 1.8 Wave Period Range(s) 1.0 Current Velocity Range(m/s) 0.0 Programmable Wavemaking Yes Wavemaking Description Period adjustable electronically, height adjustable mechanically Wave Direction Both Simulated Beach Yes Description of Beach Designed as needed using commercially available sand/sediment

418

SOLITARY-WAVE AND MULTI-PULSED TRAVELING-WAVE SOLUTIONS OF BOUSSINESQ SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOLITARY-WAVE AND MULTI-PULSED TRAVELING-WAVE SOLUTIONS OF BOUSSINESQ SYSTEMS MIN CHEN Department words: water wave, Boussinesq system, traveling wave, homoclinic orbit, multi-pulsed solution 1. Introduction This paper studies solitary-wave and multi-pulsed solutions of the Boussinesq systems t + ux + (u

Chen, Min

419

Rogue Waves and Explorations of Coastal Wave Characteristics Primary Investigator: Paul C. Liu -NOAA GLERL (Emeritus)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rogue Waves and Explorations of Coastal Wave Characteristics Primary Investigator: Paul C. Liu engineering, University of Wisconsin Overview Freak waves are unusually large waves. They have been observed. As the cause of freak waves is still unknown, measurements and analysis of this phenomena are extremely rare

420

Wavewave interactions and deep ocean acoustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Deep ocean acoustics in the absence of shipping and wildlife is driven by surface processes. Best understood is the signal generated by non-linear surface wave interactions the Longuet-Higgins mechanism which dominates from 0.1 to 10?Hz and may be significant for another octave. For this source the spectral matrix of pressure and vector velocity is derived for points near the bottom of a deep ocean resting on an elastic half-space. In the absence of a bottom the ratios of matrix elements are universal constants. Bottom effects vitiate the usual standing wave approximation but a weaker form of the approximation is shown to hold and this is used for numerical calculations. In the weak standing wave approximation the ratios of matrix elements are independent of the surface wave spectrum but depend on frequency and the propagation environment. Data from the Hawaii-2 Observatory are in excellent accord with the theory for frequencies between 0.1 and 1?Hz less so at higher frequencies. Insensitivity of the spectral ratios to wind and presumably waves is indeed observed in the data.

Z. Guralnik; J. Bourdelais; X. Zabalgogeazcoa; W. E. Farrell

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Local Star formation triggered by SN shocks in magnetized diffuse neutral clouds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, considering the impact of a SNR with a neutral magnetized cloud we derived analytically a set of conditions which are favorable for driving gravitational instability in the cloud and thus star formation. We have built diagrams of the SNR radius, versus the cloud density, that constrain a domain in the parameter space where star formation is allowed. The diagrams are also tested with fully 3-D MHD simulations involving a SNR and a self-gravitating cloud and we find that the numerical analysis is consistent with the results predicted by the diagrams. While the inclusion of a homogeneous magnetic field approximately perpendicular to the impact velocity of the SNR with an intensity ~1 $ mu$G results only a small shrinking of the star formation triggering zone in the diagrams, a larger magnetic field (~10 $ mu$G) causes a significant shrinking, as expected. Applications of the diagrams to a few regions of our own galaxy have revealed that star formation in those sites could have been triggered by sho...

Leao, M R M; Falceta-Goncalves, D; Melioli, C; Geraissate, F G

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Hydrogen-Triggered Type I X-ray Bursts in a Two-Zone Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use the two-zone model of Cooper & Narayan to study the onset and time evolution of hydrogen-triggered type I X-ray bursts on accreting neutron stars. At the lowest accretion rates, thermally unstable hydrogen burning ignites helium as well and produces a mixed hydrogen and helium burst. For somewhat higher accretion rates, thermally unstable hydrogen burning does not ignite helium and thus triggers only a weak hydrogen flash. The peak luminosities of weak hydrogen flashes are typically much lower than the accretion luminosity. These results are in accord with previous theoretical work. We find that a series of weak hydrogen flashes generates a massive layer of helium that eventually ignites in an energetic pure helium flash. Although previously conjectured, this is the first time such bursting behavior has been actually demonstrated in a theoretical model. For yet higher accretion rates, hydrogen burning is thermally stable and thus steadily generates a layer of helium that ultimately ignites in a pure helium flash. We find that, for a narrow range of accretion rates between the mixed hydrogen and helium burst and weak hydrogen flash regimes, unstable hydrogen burning ignites helium only after a short series of weak hydrogen flashes has generated a sufficiently deep layer of helium. These bursts have fluences that are intermediate between those of normal mixed hydrogen and helium bursts and energetic pure helium flashes.

Randall L. Cooper; Ramesh Narayan

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Comparison of Different Trigger and Readout Approaches for Cameras in the Cherenkov Telescope Array Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is a next-generation ground-based observatory for g -rays with energies between some ten GeV and a few hundred TeV. CTA is currently in the advanced design phase and will consist of arrays with different size of prime-focus Cherenkov telescopes, to ensure a proper energy coverage from the threshold up to the highest energies. The extension of the CTA array with double-mirror Schwarzschild- Couder telescopes is planned to improve the array angular resolution over wider field of view.We present an end-to-end Monte-Carlo comparison of trigger concepts for the different imaging cameras that will be used on the Cherenkov telescopes. The comparison comprises three alternative trigger schemes (analog, majority, flexible pattern analysis) for each camera design. The study also addresses the influence of the properties of the readout system (analog bandwidth of the electronics, length of the readout window in time) and uses an offline shower reconstruction to investigate the impact ...

Shayduk, M; Schwanke, U

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Energy in a String Wave  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When one end of a taut horizontal elastic string is shaken repeatedly up and down a transverse wave (assume sine waveform) will be produced and travel along it.1 College students know this type of wave motion well. They know when the wave passes by each element of the string will perform an oscillating up?down motion which in mechanics is termed simple harmonic 2. They also know elements of the string at the highest and the lowest positionsthe crests and the troughsare momentarily at rest while those at the centerline (zero displacement) have the greatest speed as shown in Fig. 1. Irrespective of this they are less familiar with the energy associated with the wave. They may fail to answer a question such as In a traveling string wave which elements have respectively the greatest kinetic energy (KE) and the greatest potential energy (PE)? The answer to the former is not difficult; elements at zero position have the fastest speed and hence their KE being proportional to the square of speed is the greatest. To the PE what immediately comes to their mind may be the simple harmonic motion (SHM) in which the PE is the greatest and the KE is zero at the two turning points. It may thus lead them to think elements at crests or troughs have the greatest PE. Unfortunately this association is wrong. Thinking that the crests or troughs have the greatest PE is a misconception.3

Chiu?king Ng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

MHK Technologies/Hybrid wave Wind Wave pumps and turbins | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Wave pumps and turbins Wind Wave pumps and turbins < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Hybrid wave Wind Wave pumps and turbins.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Ocean Wave Wind Energy Ltd OWWE Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Point Absorber - Floating Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description 2Wave1Wind The hybrid wave power rig uses two wave converting technologies in addition to wind mills The main system is a pneumatic float in the category of overtopping as Wave Dragon In addition the pneumatic float can house point absorbers The hybrid wave power rig is based on the patented wave energy converter from 2005

426

Measurement of sound speed vs. depth in South Pole ice: pressure waves and shear waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Price, Attenuation of acoustic waves in glacial ice and saltacoustics, South Pole, sound speed, pressure waves,shear waves PACS: 47.35.De, 47.35.Rs, 62.65. +k, 92.40.Vq,

Klein, Spencer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Global coherence of dust density waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The coherence of self-excited three-dimensional dust density waves has been experimentally investigated by comparing global and local wave properties. For that purpose, three-dimensional dust clouds have been confined in a radio frequency plasma with thermophoretic levitation. Global wave properties have been measured from the line-of-sight integrated dust density obtained from homogenous light extinction measurements. Local wave properties have been obtained from thin, two-dimensional illuminated laser slices of the cloud. By correlating the simultaneous global and local wave properties, the spatial coherence of the waves has been determined. We find that linear waves with small amplitudes tend to be fragmented, featuring an incoherent wave field. Strongly non-linear waves with large amplitudes, however, feature a strong spatial coherence throughout the dust cloud, indicating a high level of synchronization.

Killer, Carsten; Melzer, Andr [Institut fr Physik, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universitt Greifswald, 17489 Greifswald (Germany)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

428

Wave Power: Destroyer of Rocks; Creator of Clean Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

E E PG&E Wave Energy Wave Energy Federal Utility Partnership Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Meeting Working Group Meeting Wave Energy Wave Energy Development Development Ontario, CA Ontario, CA November 18 November 18- -19, 200 19, 2009 9 Donald G. Price Donald G. Price Senior Consulting Scientist, PG&E Senior Consulting Scientist, PG&E Wave Power Overview Wave Power Overview * * What is Wave Power? What is Wave Power? o o Wave power or wave energy is the energy contained in ocean Wave power or wave energy is the energy contained in ocean o o Wave power or wave energy is the energy contained in ocean Wave power or wave energy is the energy contained in ocean waves that is converted into electricity by various means. waves that is converted into electricity by various means. o o It is a clean, renewable energy resource capable of being utilized

429

Wave | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wave Wave Home Ocop's picture Submitted by Ocop(5) Member 18 April, 2013 - 13:41 MHK LCOE Reporting Guidance Draft Cost Current DOE LCOE numerical modeling Performance Tidal Wave To normalize competing claims of LCOE, DOE has developed-for its own use-a standardized cost and performance data reporting process to facilitate uniform calculation of LCOE from MHK device developers. This standardization framework is only the first version in what is anticipated to be an iterative process that involves industry and the broader DOE stakeholder community. Multiple files are attached here for review and comment.Upload Files: application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document icon device_performance_validation_data_request.docx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon

430

Gravitational waves from gravitational collapse  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gravitational wave emission from stellar collapse has been studied for nearly four decades. Current state-of-the-art numerical investigations of collapse include those that use progenitors with more realistic angular momentum profiles, properly treat microphysics issues, account for general relativity, and examine non-axisymmetric effects in three dimensions. Such simulations predict that gravitational waves from various phenomena associated with gravitational collapse could be detectable with ground-based and space-based interferometric observatories. This review covers the entire range of stellar collapse sources of gravitational waves: from the accretion induced collapse of a white dwarf through the collapse down to neutron stars or black holes of massive stars to the collapse of supermassive stars.

Fryer, Christopher L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; New, Kimberly C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Detonation waves in relativistic hydrodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with an algebraic study of the equations of detonation waves in relativistic hydrodynamics taking into account the pressure and the energy of thermal radiation. A new approach to shock and detonation wavefronts is outlined. The fluid under consideration is assumed to be perfect (nonviscous and nonconducting) and to obey the following equation of state: p=(?-1)? where p, ?, and ? are the pressure, the total energy density, and the adiabatic index, respectively. The solutions of the equations of detonation waves are reduced to the problem of finding physically acceptable roots of a quadratic polynomial ?(X) where X is the ratio ?/?0 of dynamical volumes behind and ahead of the detonation wave. The existence and the locations of zeros of this polynomial allow it to be shown that if the equation of state of the burnt fluid is known then the variables characterizing the unburnt fluid obey well-defined physical relations.

Mahdy Cissoko

1992-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

432

Reaction force control implementation of a linear generator in irregular waves for a wave power system.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Most designs for wave energy converters include a hydraulic (or pneumatic) interface between the wave device and the generator to smooth electricity production, but a (more)

Li, Bin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Nonlocal theory of electromagnetic wave decay into two electromagnetic waves in a rippled density plasma channel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Parametric decay of a large amplitude electromagnetic wave into two electromagnetic modes in a rippled density plasma channel is investigated. The channel is taken to possess step density profile besides a density ripple of axial wave vector. The density ripple accounts for the momentum mismatch between the interacting waves and facilitates nonlinear coupling. For a given pump wave frequency, the requisite ripple wave number varies only a little w.r.t. the frequency of the low frequency decay wave. The radial localization of electromagnetic wave reduces the growth rate of the parametric instability. The growth rate decreases with the frequency of low frequency electromagnetic wave.

Sati, Priti; Tripathi, V. K. [Indian Institute of Technology, Hauz Khas, Delhi 110054 (India)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Nonlinear dissipation of circularly polarized Alfven waves due to the beam-induced obliquely propagating waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the present study, the dissipation processes of circularly polarized Alfven waves in solar wind plasmas including beam components are numerically discussed by using a 2-D hybrid simulation code. Numerical results suggest that the parent Alfven waves are rapidly dissipated due to the presence of the beam-induced obliquely propagating waves, such as kinetic Alfven waves. The nonlinear wave-wave coupling is directly evaluated by using the induction equation for the parent wave. It is also observed both in the 1-D and 2-D simulations that the presence of large amplitude Alfven waves strongly suppresses the beam instabilities.

Nariyuki, Y. [Faculty of Human Development, University of Toyama, 3190, Toyama City, Toyama 930-8555 (Japan); Hada, T. [Department of Earth System Science and Technology, Kyushu University, 6-1, Kasuga City, Fukuoka 816-8580 (Japan); Tsubouchi, K. [Department of Earth and Planetary Physics, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

435

Optical Wave Propagation Simulation, Wigner Phase-Space Diagrams, and Wave Energy Confinement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The number of samples required for efficient numerical simulation of wave propagation can be determined by a combination of Wigner phase-space techniques, wave energy confinement...

Rhodes, William T; Sheridan, John T; Hennelley, Bryan M

436

Search for Gravitational Waves Associated with 39 Gamma-Ray Bursts Using Data from the Second, Third, and Fourth LIGO Runs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of a search for short-duration gravitational-wave bursts associated with 39 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) detected by gamma-ray satellite experiments during LIGO's S2, S3, and S4 science runs. The search involves calculating the crosscorrelation between two interferometer data streams surrounding the GRB trigger time. We search for associated gravitational radiation from single GRBs, and also apply statistical tests to search for a gravitational-wave signature associated with the whole sample. For the sample examined, we find no evidence for the association of gravitational radiation with GRBs, either on a single-GRB basis or on a statistical basis. Simulating gravitational-wave bursts with sine-gaussian waveforms, we set upper limits on the root-sum-square of the gravitational-wave strain amplitude of such waveforms at the times of the GRB triggers. We also demonstrate how a sample of several GRBs can be used collectively to set constraints on population models. The small number of GRBs and ...

Abbott, B; Adhikari, R; Agresti, J; Ajith, P; Allen, B; Amin, R; Anderson, S B; Anderson, W G; Arain, M; Araya, M; Armandula, H; Ashley, M; Aston, S; Aufmuth, P; Aulbert, C; Babak, S; Ballmer, S; Bantilan, H; Barish, B C; Barker, C; Barker, D; Barr, B; Barriga, P; Barton, M A; Bayer, K; Belczynski, K; Berukoff, S J; Betzwieser, J; Beyersdorf, P T; Bhawal, B; Bilenko, I A; Billingsley, G; Biswas, R; Black, E; Blackburn, K; Blackburn, L; Blair, D; Bland, B; Bogenstahl, J; Bogue, L; Bork, R; Boschi, V; Bose, S; Brady, P R; Braginsky, V B; Brau, J E; Brinkmann, M; Brooks, A; Brown, D A; Bullington, A; Bunkowski, A; Buonanno, A; Burmeister, O; Busby, D; Butler, W E; Byer, R L; Cadonati, L; Cagnoli, G; Camp, J B; Cannizzo, J; Cannon, K; Cantley, C A; Cao, J; Cardenas, L; Carter, K; Casey, M M; Castaldi, G; Cepeda, C; Chalkey, E; Charlton, P; Chatterji, S; Chelkowski, S; Chen, Y; Chiadini, F; Chin, D; Chin, E; Chow, J; Christensen, N; Clark, J; Cochrane, P; Cokelaer, T; Colacino, C N; Coldwell, R; Coles, M; Conte, R; Cook, D; Corbitt, T; Coward, D; Coyne, D; Creighton, J D E; Creighton, T D; Croce, R P; Crooks, D R M; Cruise, A M; Csatorday, P; Cumming, A; Dalrymple, J; D'Ambrosio, E; Danzmann, K; Davies, G; Daw, E; De Bra, D; Degallaix, J; Degree, M; Delker, T; Demma, T; Dergachev, V; Desai, S; DeSalvo, R; Dhurandhar, S; Daz, M; Dickson, J; Di Credico, A; Diederichs, G; Dietz, A; Ding, H; Doomes, E E; Drever, R W P; Dumas, J C; Dupuis, R J; Dwyer, J G; Ehrens, P; Espinoza, E; Etzel, T; Evans, M; Evans, T; Fairhurst, S; Fan, Y; Fazi, D; Fejer, M M; Finn, L S; Fiumara, V; Fotopoulos, N; Franzen, A; Franzen, K Y; Freise, A; Frey, R; Fricke, T; Fritschel, P; Frolov, V V; Fyffe, M; Galdi, V; Ganezer, K S; Garofoli, J; Gholami, I; Giaime, J A; Giampanis, S; Giardina, K D; Goda, K; Goetz, E; Goggin, L; Gonzlez, G; Gossler, S; Grant, A; Gras, S; Gray, C; Gray, M; Greenhalgh, J; Gretarsson, A M; Grosso, R; Grote, H; Grnewald, S; Gnther, M; Gustafson, R; Hage, B; Hammer, D; Hanna, C; Hanson, J; Harms, J; Harry, G; Harstad, E; Hayler, T; Heefner, J; Heinzel, G; Heng, I S; Heptonstall, A; Heurs, M; Hewitson, M; Hild, S; Hirose, E; Hoak, D; Hosken, D; Hough, J; Howell, E; Hoyland, D; Huttner, S H; Ingram, D; Innerhofer, E; Ito, M; Itoh, Y; Ivanov, A; Jackrel, D; Jennrich, O; Johnson, B; Johnson, W W; Johnston, W R; Jones, D I; Jones, G; Jones, R; Ju, L; Kalmus, Peter Ignaz Paul; Kalogera, V; Kasprzyk, D; Katsavounidis, E; Kawabe, K; Kawamura, S; Kawazoe, F; Kells, W; Keppel, D G; Khalili, F Ya; Killow, C J; Kim, C; King, P; Kissel, J S; Klimenko, S; Kokeyama, K; Kondrashov, V; Kopparapu, R K; Kozak, D; Krishnan, B; Kwee, P; Lam, P K; Landry, M; Lantz, B; Lazzarini, A; Lee, B; Lei, M; Leiner, J; Leonhardt, V; Leonor, I; Libbrecht, K; Libson, A; Lindquist, P; Lockerbie, N A; Logan, J; Longo, M; Lormand, M; Lubinski, M; Luck, H; Machenschalk, B; MacInnis, M; Mageswaran, M; Mailand, K; Malec, M; Mandic, V; Marano, S; Marka, S; Markowitz, J; Maros, E; Martin, I; Marx, J N; Mason, K; Matone, L; Matta, V; Mavalvala, N; McCarthy, R; McClelland, D E; McGuire, S C; McHugh, M; McKenzie, K; McNabb, J W C; McWilliams, S; Meier, T; Melissinos, A; Mendell, G; Mercer, R A; Meshkov, S; Messaritaki, E; Messenger, C J; Meyers, D; Mikhailov, E; Mitra, S; Mitrofanov, V P; Mitselmakher, G; Mittleman, R; Miyakawa, O; Mohanty, S; Moreno, G; Mossavi, K; Mow Lowry, C; Moylan, A; Mudge, D; Mller, G; Mukherjee, S; Muller-Ebhardt, H; Munch, J; Murray, P; Myers, E; Myers, J; Nagano, S; Nash, T; Newton, G; Nishizawa, A; Nocera, F; Numata, K; Nutzman, P; O'Reilly, B; O'Shaughnessy, R; Ottaway, D J; Overmier, H; Owen, B J; Pan, Y; Papa, M A; Parameshwaraiah, V; Parameswariah, C; Patel, P; Pedraza, M; Penn, S; Pierro, V; Pinto, I M; Pitkin, M; Pletsch, H; Plissi, M V; Postiglione, F; Prix, R; Quetschke, V; Raab, F; Rabeling, D; Radkins, H; Rahkola, R; Rainer, N; Rakhmanov, M; Ramsunder, M; Rawlins, K; Ray-Majumder, S; Re, V; Regimbau, T; Rehbein, H; Reid, S; Reitze, D H; Ribichini, L; Richman, S; Riesen, R; Riles, K; Rivera, B; Robertson, N A; Robinson, C; Robinson, E L; Roddy, S; Rodrguez, A; Rogan, A M; Rollins, J; Romano, J D; Romie, J; Rong, H; Route, R; Rowan, S; Rdiger, A; Ruet, L; Russell, P; Ryan, K; Sakata, S; Samidi, M; Sancho de la Jordana, L; Sandberg, V; Sanders, G H; Sannibale, V; Saraf, S; Sarin, P; Sathyaprakash, B S; Sato, S; Saulson, P R; Savage, R; Savov, P; Sazonov, A; Schediwy, S; Schilling, R; Schnabel, R; Schofield, R; Schutz, B F; Schwinberg, P; Scott, S M; Searle, A C; Sears, B; Seifert, F; Sellers, D; Sengupta, A S; Shawhan, P; Shoemaker, D H; Sibley, A; Sidles, J A; Siemens, X; Sigg, D; Sinha, S; Sintes, A M; Slagmolen, B J J; Slutsky, J; Smith, J R; Smith, M R; Somiya, K; Strain, K A; Strand, N E; Strom, D M; Stuver, A; Summerscales, T Z; Sun, K X; Sung, M; Sutton, P J; Sylvestre, J; Takahashi, H; Takamori, A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Search for Gravitational Waves Associated with 39 Gamma-Ray Bursts Using Data from the Second, Third, and Fourth LIGO Runs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of a search for short-duration gravitational-wave bursts associated with 39 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) detected by gamma-ray satellite experiments during LIGO's S2, S3, and S4 science runs. The search involves calculating the crosscorrelation between two interferometer data streams surrounding the GRB trigger time. We search for associated gravitational radiation from single GRBs, and also apply statistical tests to search for a gravitational-wave signature associated with the whole sample. For the sample examined, we find no evidence for the association of gravitational radiation with GRBs, either on a single-GRB basis or on a statistical basis. Simulating gravitational-wave bursts with sine-gaussian waveforms, we set upper limits on the root-sum-square of the gravitational-wave strain amplitude of such waveforms at the times of the GRB triggers. We also demonstrate how a sample of several GRBs can be used collectively to set constraints on population models. The small number of GRBs and the significant change in sensitivity of the detectors over the three runs, however, limits the usefulness of a population study for the S2, S3, and S4 runs. Finally, we discuss prospects for the search sensitivity for the ongoing S5 run, and beyond for the next generation of detectors.

LIGO Scientific Collaboration

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Geodesic deviation and gravitational waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The detection of gravitational waves based on the geodesic deviation equation is discussed. In particular, it is shown that the only non-vanishing components of the wave field in the conventional traceless-transverse gauge in linearized general relativity do not enter the geodesic deviation equation, and therefore, apparently, no effect is predicted by that equation in that specific gauge. The reason is traced back to the fact that the geodesic deviation equation is written in terms of a coordinate distance, which is not a directly measurable quantity. On the other hand, in the proper Lorentz frame of the detector, the conventional result described in standard textbooks holds.

M. Leclerc

2006-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

439

Undulations from amplified low frequency surface waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the linear scattering of gravity waves in longitudinal inhomogeneous stationary flows. When the flow becomes supercritical, it is known that counterflow propagating shallow waves are blocked and converted into deep waves. Here we show that in the zero-frequency limit, the reflected waves are amplified in such a way that the free surface develops an undulation, i.e., a zero-frequency wave of large amplitude with nodes located at specific places. This amplification involves negative energy waves and implies that flat surfaces are unstable against incoming perturbations of arbitrary small amplitude. The relation between this instability and black hole radiation (the Hawking effect) is established.

Coutant, Antonin, E-mail: antonin.coutant@aei.mpg.de [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, Albert Einstein Institute, Am Muhlenberg 1, 14476 Golm (Germany)] [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, Albert Einstein Institute, Am Muhlenberg 1, 14476 Golm (Germany); Parentani, Renaud, E-mail: renaud.parentani@th.u-psud.fr [Laboratoire de Physique Thorique, CNRS UMR 8627, Btiment 210, Universit Paris-Sud 11, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France)] [Laboratoire de Physique Thorique, CNRS UMR 8627, Btiment 210, Universit Paris-Sud 11, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

Advanced, High Power, Next Scale, Wave Energy Conversion Device...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced, High Power, Next Scale, Wave Energy Conversion Device Advanced, High Power, Next Scale, Wave Energy Conversion Device Advanced, High Power, Next Scale, Wave Energy...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Atargis Energy (TRL 4 System) - Cycloidal Wave Energy Converter...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Atargis Energy (TRL 4 System) - Cycloidal Wave Energy Converter Atargis Energy (TRL 4 System) - Cycloidal Wave Energy Converter Atargis Energy (TRL 4 System) - Cycloidal Wave...

442

Identifying two steps in the internal wave energy cascade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1.1 The internal wave energy cascade . . . . . . .? ? , which contain only wave energy trav- eling upward anddistinction is made between wave energy propagating upward

Sun, Oliver Ming-Teh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

MHK Technologies/New Knowledge Wind and Wave Renewable Mobile...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wave Renewable Mobile Wind and Wave Power Plant Platform < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage New Knowledge Wind and Wave Renewable...

444

Langmuir Waves and Electron Acceleration at Heliospheric Shocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results for S/WAVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . A.7 Rheometry2.4 MHD Wave Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Electron Acceleration, Plasma Waves, and Radio Emission 3.1

Pulupa, Marc Peter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Airborne observations of the kinematics and statistics of breaking waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

v 3 Observations of wave breaking kinematics in fetch-crest length . . . . . C.6 Wave elevation . . . . . . . .breaking waves in the images . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.3

Kleiss, Jessica M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

The Upgrade Path from Legacy VME to VXS Dual Star Connectivity for Large Scale Data Acquisition and Trigger Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New instrumentation modules have been designed by Jefferson Lab and to take advantage of the higher performance and elegant backplane connectivity of the VITA 41 VXS standard. These new modules are required to meet the 200KHz trigger rates envisioned for the 12GeV experimental program. Upgrading legacy VME designs to the high speed gigabit serial extensions that VXS offers, comes with significant challenges, including electronic engineering design, plus firmware and software development issues. This paper will detail our system design approach including the critical system requirement stages, and explain the pipeline design techniques and selection criteria for the FPGA that require embedded Gigabit serial transceivers. The entire trigger system is synchronous and operates at 250MHz clock with synchronization signals, and the global trigger signals distributed to each front end readout crate via the second switch slot in the 21 slot, dual star VXS backplane. The readout of the buffered detector signals relies on 2eSST over the standard VME64x path at >200MB/s. We have achieved 20Gb/s transfer rate of trigger information within one VXS crate and will present results using production modules in a two crate test configuration with both VXS crates fully populated. The VXS trigger modules that reside in the front end crates, will be ready for production orders by the end of the 2011 fiscal year. VXS Global trigger modules are in the design stage now, and will be complete to meet the installation schedule for the 12GeV Physics program.

Cuevas, C; Barbosa, F J; Dong, H; Gu, W; Jastrzembski, E; Kaneta, S R; Moffitt, B; Nganga, N; Raydo, B J; Somov, A; Taylor, W M

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Posters Triggering of Boundary Layer Cumulus Clouds Over a Heterogeneous Surface  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 Posters Triggering of Boundary Layer Cumulus Clouds Over a Heterogeneous Surface K. Schrieber, R. Stull, and Q. Zhang Boundary Layer Research Team Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin Complex multimodal joint frequency distributions of LCL height versus θ v in surface-layer air over a large heteroge- neous surface area are modeled as the superposition of simpler mono-modal distributions. These simpler distri- butions, which apply to quasi-homogeneous subdomains, are approximated with bivariate distribution models. The shape of each of these modeled distributions depends on variations of the Bowen ratio and heat input forcings. These forcings are a function of the landscape, insolation, surface albedo, cloud-shading, soil moisture, and other

448

Electroluminescence from isolated defects in zinc oxide, towards electrically triggered single photon sources at room temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single photon sources are required for a wide range of applications in quantum information science, quantum cryptography and quantum communications. However, so far majority of room temperature emitters are only excited optically, which limits their proper integration into scalable devices. In this work, we overcome this limitation and present room temperature electrically triggered light emission from localized defects in zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles and thin films. The devices emit at the red spectral range and show excellent rectifying behavior. The emission is stable over an extensive period of time, providing an important prerequisite for practical devices. Our results open up possibilities to build new ZnO based quantum integrated devices that incorporate solid-state single photon sources for quantum information technologies.

Choi, Sumin; Gentle, Angus; Ton-That, Cuong; Phillips, Matthew R; Aharonovich, Igor

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Promiscuous Substrate Recognition in Folding and Assembly Activities of the Trigger Factor Chaperone  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Trigger factor (TF) is a molecular chaperone that binds to bacterial ribosomes where it contacts emerging nascent chains, but TF is also abundant free in the cytosol where its activity is less well characterized. In vitro studies show that TF promotes protein refolding. We find here that ribosome-free TF stably associates with and rescues from misfolding a large repertoire of full-length proteins. We identify over 170 members of this cytosolic Escherichia coli TF substrate proteome, including ribosomal protein S7. We analyzed the biochemical properties of a TF:S7 complex from Thermotoga maritima and determined its crystal structure. Thereby, we obtained an atomic-level picture of a promiscuous chaperone in complex with a physiological substrate protein. The structure of the complex reveals the molecular basis of substrate recognition by TF, indicates how TF could accelerate protein folding, and suggests a role for TF in the biogenesis of protein complexes.

Martinez-Hackert, E.; Hendrickson, W

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Property:Maximum Wave Height(m) at Wave Period(s) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wave Height(m) at Wave Period(s) Wave Height(m) at Wave Period(s) Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Maximum Wave Height(m) at Wave Period(s) Property Type String Pages using the property "Maximum Wave Height(m) at Wave Period(s)" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1.5-ft Wave Flume Facility + 10.0 + 10-ft Wave Flume Facility + 10.0 + 11-ft Wave Flume Facility + 10.0 + 2 2-ft Flume Facility + 10.0 + 3 3-ft Wave Flume Facility + 10.0 + 5 5-ft Wave Flume Facility + 10.0 + 6 6-ft Wave Flume Facility + 10.0 + A Alden Large Flume + 0.0 + Alden Wave Basin + 1.0 + C Chase Tow Tank + 3.1 + Coastal Harbors Modeling Facility + 2.3 + Coastal Inlet Model Facility + 2.3 + D Davidson Laboratory Tow Tank + 4.0 + DeFrees Large Wave Basin + 3.0 + DeFrees Small Wave Basin + 3.0 +

451

Tabular icebergs in ocean waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... in ocean waves. Two field seasons have been carried out by SPRI in cooperation with Norsk Polarinstitutt, and Foldvik et a/.11 have reported some measurements which took place during ... officers and the crew of the ship for their patience and help. We thank the Norsk Polarinstitutt (NP) and the Radio Echo Group at SPRI for loan of equipment, ...

Monica Kristensen; Vernon A. Squire; Stuart C. Moore

1982-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

452

Dispersion of discontinuous periodic waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Benjamin-Bona-Mahony (BBM) model's is asymptotically...standard bidirectional Boussinesq systems is asymptotically...waves |k|1/2k Boussinesq system, regularized Boussinesq equation signk Boussinesq...Korteweg-de Vries k 3 RLW/BBM k 1 Figure 2. RLW...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Spiral Waves of Chemical Activity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...is tethered by an unwinding string (Fig. 1B). At p > l...minute. In its spontaneously oscillating form and its merely excitable...mentions spiral waves in the oscillating reagent on page 29 of "Investiga-tion...homogeneous chemical auto-oscillating systems" (in Russian...

Arthur T. Winfree

1972-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

454

Relationship Between Onset Thresholds, Trigger Types, and Rotation Shear for the m/n=2/1 Neoclassical Tearing Mode in a High-? Spherical Torus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The onset conditions for the m/n=2/1 neoclassical tearing mode (NTM) are studied in terms of neoclassical drive, triggering instabilities, and toroidal rotation or rotation shear, in the spherical torus NSTX [M. Ono, et al., Nuclear Fusion 40, 557 (2000)]. There are three typical onset conditions for these modes, given in order of increasing neoclassical drive required for mode onset: triggering by energetic particle modes, triggering by edge localized modes, and cases where the modes appear to grow without a trigger. In all cases, the required drive increases with toroidal rotation shear, implying a stabilizing effect from the shear.

Gerhardt, S. P.; Brennan, D. P.; Buttery, R.; La Haye, R. J.; Sabbagh, S.; Strait, E.; Bell, M.; Bell, R.; Fredrickson, E.; Gates, D.; LeBlanc, B.; Menard, J.; Stutman, D.; Tritz, K.; Yuh, H.

2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

455

Ethanol seeking triggered by environmental context is attenuated by blocking dopamine D1 receptors in the nucleus accumbens core and shell in rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ment into the prior ethanol self-administration context. SCHreinstatement of responding for ethanol cues triggered byplacement into an ethanol-associated context. Keywords

Chaudhri, Nadia; Sahuque, Lacey L.; Janak, Patricia H.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

On the Heating of the Solar Corona and the Acceleration of the Low-Speed Solar Wind by Acoustic Waves Generated in Corona  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate possibilities of solar coronal heating by acoustic waves generated not at the photosphere but in the corona, aiming at heating in the mid- to low-latitude corona where the low-speed wind is expected to come from. Acoustic waves of period tau ~ 100s are triggered by chromospheric reconnection, one model of small scale magnetic reconnection events recently proposed by Sturrock. These waves having a finite amplitude eventually form shocks to shape sawtooth waves (N-waves), and directly heat the surrounding corona by dissipation of their wave energy. Outward propagation of the N-waves is treated based on the weak shock theory, so that the heating rate can be evaluated consistently with physical properties of the background coronal plasma without setting a dissipation length in an ad hoc manner. We construct coronal structures from the upper chromosphere to the outside of 1AU for various inputs of the acoustic waves having a range of energy flux of F_{w,0} = (1-20) times 10^5 erg cm^{-2} s^{-1} and a period of tau = 60-300s. The heating by the N-wave dissipation effectively works in the inner corona and we find that the waves of F_{w,0} >= 2 times 10^5 erg cm^{-2} s^{-1} and tau >= 60s could maintain peak coronal temperature, T_{max} > 10^6 K. The model could also reproduce the density profile observed in the streamer region. However, due to its short dissipation length, the location of T_{max} is closer to the surface than the observation, and the resultant flow velocity of the solar wind is lower than the observed profile of the low-speed wind. The cooperations with other heating and acceleration sources with the larger dissipation length are inevitable to reproduce the real solar corona.

Takeru Ken Suzuki

2002-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

457

On the use of computational models for wave climate assessment in support of the wave energy industry.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Effective, economic extraction of ocean wave energy requires an intimate under- standing of the ocean wave environment. Unfortunately, wave data is typically un- available in (more)

Hiles, Clayton E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Wave Star Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Star Energy Star Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Wave Star Energy Place Denmark Zip DK-2920 Product Denmark-based private wave device developer. References Wave Star Energy[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database. This company is involved in the following MHK Projects: Wave Star Energy 1 10 Scale Model Test This company is involved in the following MHK Technologies: C5 WaveStar This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Wave Star Energy is a company located in Denmark . References ↑ "Wave Star Energy" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Wave_Star_Energy&oldid=678928" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

459

First Plasma Wave Observations at Uranus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...electrons. Various other plasma waves were also observed...plane crossing, the plasma wave instrument detected a large number of impulsive...BRIDGE, H.S., PLASMA OBSERVATIONS NEAR URANUS...FROM URANUS AT 0.5 MHZ, ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL...

D. A. GURNETT; W. S. KURTH; F. L. SCARF; R. L. POYNTER

1986-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

460

Sandia National Laboratories: Wave Energy Resource Characterization...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Impacts of Ivanpah Solar Power Site Sandia Funded to Model Power Pods for Utility-Scale Wave-Energy Converter Wave Energy Resource Characterization at US Test Sites On September...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tsunami wave triggered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Wave Patterns and Southern Hemisphere Convergence Zones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-rate days, a wave pattern is identified that is characteristic of high rain events. This wave pattern is then compared to the patterns of variability of brightness temperature using empirical orthogonal functions. A linear regression technique is used...

Ramotowski, Michelle R.

2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

462

Wave Energy Centre | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Centre Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wave Energy Centre Address: Wave Energy Centre Av Manuela da Maia 36 R C Dto Place: Lisboa Zip: 1000-201 Region: Portugal Sector: Marine...

463

Wind Wave Float | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

(TRL 1 2 3 Component) Ocean Power Technologies (TRL 5 6 System) - PB500, 500 kW Utility-Scale PowerBuoy Project WaveBob (TRL 5 6 System) - Advanced Wave Energy Conversion Project...

464

Rene Wave Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rene Wave Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Rene Wave Ltd Address: 85 Emmett Ave Suite 2508 Place: Toronto Zip: M6M 5A2 Region: Canada Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone...

465

Arnold Schwarzenegger DEVELOPING WAVE ENERGY IN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor DEVELOPING WAVE ENERGY IN COASTAL CALIFORNIA: POTENTIAL SOCIO. Developing Wave Energy In Coastal California: Potential Socio-Economic And Environmental Effects. California-ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS Prepared For: California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research Program

466

On quantization of nondispersive wave packets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nondispersive wave packets are widely used in optics and acoustics. We found it interesting that such packets could be also a subject of quantum field theory. Canonical commutation relations for the nondispersive wave packets are constructed.

Altaisky, M. V. [Space Research Institute RAS, Profsoyuznaya 84/32, Moscow 117997 (Russian Federation)] [Space Research Institute RAS, Profsoyuznaya 84/32, Moscow 117997 (Russian Federation); Kaputkina, N. E. [National University of Science and Technology MISIS Leninsky prospect 4, Moscow 119049 (Russian Federation)] [National University of Science and Technology MISIS Leninsky prospect 4, Moscow 119049 (Russian Federation)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

467

Motor Wave Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MHK Technologies: MotorWave This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleMotorWaveGroup&oldid769272...

468

Strings in plane-fronted gravitational waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brinkmann's plane-fronted gravitational waves with parallel rays --~shortly pp-waves~-- are shown to provide, under suitable conditions, exact string vacua at all orders of the sigma-model perturbation expansion.

C. Duval; Z. Horvath; P. A. Horvathy

2006-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

469

Symmetries and Interaction coefficients of Kelvin waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We considered symmetry restriction on the interaction coefficients of Kelvin waves and demonstrated that linear in small wave vector asymptotic is not forbidden, as one can expect by naive reasoning.

Vladimir V. Lebedev; Victor S. L'vov

2010-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

470

Nonlinear Saturation of Vertically Propagating Rossby Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interaction between vertical Rossby wave propagation and wave breaking is studied in the idealized context of a beta-plane channel model. Considering the problem of propagation through a uniform zonal flow in an ...

Giannitsis, Constantine

471

Fracture compliance estimation using borehole tube waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We tested two models, one for tube-wave generation and the other for tube-wave attenuation at a fracture intersecting a borehole that can be used to estimate fracture compliance, fracture aperture, and lateral extent. In ...

Bakku, Sudhish Kumar

472

On Rayleigh Waves Across the Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Articles On Rayleigh Waves Across the Pacific Ocean K. E. Bullen University College, Auckland, N. Z. ON RAYLEIGH WAVES ACROSS THE PACIFIC OCEAN K. E. Bullen (Received 1939November 9) The Bering......

K. E. Bullen

1939-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Wave Breaking Dissipation Observed with SWIFT Drifters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy dissipation rates during ocean wave breaking are estimated from high-resolution profiles of turbulent velocities collected within 1 m of the surface. The velocity profiles are obtained from a pulse-coherent acoustic Doppler sonar on a wave-...

Jim Thomson

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Green Ocean Wave Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ocean Wave Air Piston This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleGreenOceanWaveEnergy&oldid769161...

475

Equatorial Solitary Waves. Part 2: Envelope Solitons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Via the method of multiple scales, it is shown that the time and space evolution of the envelope of wave packets of weakly nonlinear, strongly dispersive equatorial waves is governed by the Nonlinear Schrdinger equation. The diverse phenomena of ...

John P. Boyd

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Periodic wave solutions of the Boussinesq equation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Boussinesq equation usually arises in a physical problem as a long wave equation. The present work extends the search of periodic wave solutions for it. The Hirota bilinear method and Riemann theta function are employed in the process. We also analyse the asymptotic property of periodic waves in detail. Furthermore, it is of interest to note that well-known soliton solutions can be reduced from the periodic wave solutions.

Yi Zhang; Ling-ya Ye; Yi-neng Lv; Hai-qiong Zhao

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Numerical study on active wave devouring propulsion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibility of extracting energy from gravity waves for marine propulsion was numerically studied by a two-dimensional...

Liyanarachchi Waruna Arampath De Silva

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Electromagnetic wave scattering by Schwarzschild black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the scattering of a planar monochromatic electromagnetic wave incident upon a Schwarzschild black hole. We obtain accurate numerical results from the partial wave method for the electromagnetic scattering cross section, and show that they are in excellent agreement with analytical approximations. The scattering of electromagnetic waves is compared with the scattering of scalar, spinor and gravitational waves. We present a unified picture of the scattering of all massless fields for the first time.

Lus C. B. Crispino; Sam R. Dolan; Ednilton S. Oliveira

2009-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

479

Nonlinear Mixing of Electromagnetic Waves in Plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...coupling (32, 33). Plasma instabilities with multiple...experiment (34) with 430-MHz incoher-ent backscatter...probing of ionospheric plasma with beat waves appears...four-wave mixing in a plasma opens up the possibility...important in future upper atmospheric research. Beat waves...

V. STEFAN; B. I. COHEN; C. JOSHI

1989-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

480

Airbreathing Rotating Detonation Wave Engine Cycle Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Airbreathing Rotating Detonation Wave Engine Cycle Analysis Eric M. Braun, Frank K. Lu, Donald R analysis of an airbreathing, rotating detonation wave engine (RDWE) is developed. The engine consists of a steady inlet system with an isolator which delivers air into the detonation annulus. A single wave

Texas at Arlington, University of

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481

Slow magnetohydrodynamic waves in the solar atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...waves and oscillations in the solar plasma organized by Robert Erdelyi...waves at a magnetic interface. Solar Phys. 69, 1981a 27-38...Cram1981bpp. 369-383. Eds. New Mexico:Sunspot, Sacramento Peak...Magnetohydrodynamic waves. In Solar system magnetic fields E.R...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Seminario de Matemtica Aplicada "Renowable wave energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seminario de Matemática Aplicada "Renowable wave energy: potencial and technical challenges Abstract: Among the various renewable energy sources, ocean wave energy has been only recently investiga will be at first to introduce the potential of wave energy, as a significant, and often neglected, contributor

Tradacete, Pedro

483

Discrete control of resonant wave energy devices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Society 28 January 2012 research-article Articles 1006...peaks and troughs of wave energy: the dreams and the...control of deep water wave energy devices using an active...www.iwwwfb.org/Abstracts/iwwwfb20/iwwwfb20...latching control of a wave energy device in regular and...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

An Introduction to Wave-Current Interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-scale wave focusing across a storm can re-direct the wind-stress? #12;1. Adiabatic interaction StartAn Introduction to Wave-Current Interactions Jerry Smith, MPL-SIO-UCSD jasmith@ucsd.edu http just want to hold up your hand. #12;Some Questions in Wave-Current Interaction Physics 1. Adiabatic

Smith, Jerome A.

485

Hydrodynamic principles of wave power extraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Based on statistical data, Thorpe [12] has estimated the wave power potential along various...and K. Budal1982Wave-power absorption by parallel...de2008Phase control through load control of oscillating-body...and C. C. Mei2009Wave power extraction by a compact...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

CURRENTS DRIVEN BY ELECTRON CYCLOTRON WAVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CURRENTS DRIVEN BY ELECTRON CYCLOTRON WAVES C.F.F. KARNEY, NJ. FISCH Plasma Physics Laboratory of the generation of steady-state currents by electron cyclotron waves are explored. A numerical solution of electron cyclotron wave absorption appears to be one of the more promising schemes of providing a steady

Karney, Charles

487

SCATTERING BEHAVIOR OF TRANSITIONAL SHOCK WAVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCATTERING BEHAVIOR OF TRANSITIONAL SHOCK WAVES Kevin R. Zumbrun Bradley J. Plohr Dan Marchesin September, 1991 Abstract. We study the stability and asymptotic behavior of transitional shock waves as solutions of a parabolic system of conservation laws. In contrast to classical shock waves, transitional

New York at Stoney Brook, State University of

488

Waves on unsteady currents Merrick C. Haller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Waves on unsteady currents Merrick C. Haller School of Civil and Construction Engineering, Oregon 2007; published online 3 December 2007 Models for surface gravity wave propagation in the presence of currents often assume the current field to be quasi-stationary, which implies that the absolute wave

Haller, Merrick

489

Bifurcation Theory of Meandering Spiral Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bifurcation Theory of Meandering Spiral Waves Claudia Wul Freie Universitat Berlin, Fachbereich Mathematik und Informatik, Arnimallee 2{6, 14195 Berlin, email: wul @math.fu-berlin.de Abstract. Spiral waves-Zhabotinsky reaction. We develop a mathematical theory for the Hopf bifurcation from rigidly rotating spiral waves

Wulff, Claudia

490

Energy and Energy Flux in Planetary Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Energy and Energy Flux in Planetary Waves V. T. Buchwald The propagation...a thorough study of the energy of these waves in the plane approximation...case of divergent planetary waves, the total energy density being E = T + U...

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

A Positive-Energy Relativistic Wave Equation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article A Positive-Energy Relativistic Wave Equation P. A. M...positive and negative energies. A new relativistic wave equation for particles...positive values for the energy. There is great formal...usual relativistic wave equation for the electron...

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Some Common Wave Phenomena Applied to an M.H.D. Anisotropic Surface Wave System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......10xf. 4. The Kelvin Ship Wave Problem The effect of a local disturbance...anisotropy relative to its effect on the ship wave pattern. It is...demonstrate clearly the effect of the anisotropy of...surface waves in the ship wave problem. However......

I. S. ROBINSON

1976-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Wave Turbulence in Superfluid 4 Energy Cascades, Rogue Waves & Kinetic Phenomena  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Outline Wave Turbulence in Superfluid 4 He: Energy Cascades, Rogue Waves & Kinetic Phenomena Conference, Chernogolovka, 3 August 2009 McClintock Efimov Ganshin Kolmakov Mezhov-Deglin Wave Turbulence in Superfluid 4 He #12;Outline Outline 1 Introduction Motivation 2 Modelling wave turbulence Need for models

Fominov, Yakov

494

Beauty waves: an artistic representation of ocean waves using Bezier curves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we present a method for computing an artistic representation of ocean waves using Bezier curves. Wave forms are loosely based on procedural wave models and are designed to emulate those found in both art and nature. The wave forms...

Faulkner, Jay Allen

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

495

Lossless Tapers, Gaussian Beams, Free-Space Modes: Standing Waves Versus Through-Flowing Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lossless Tapers, Gaussian Beams, Free-Space Modes: Standing Waves Versus Through-Flowing Waves inconsistencies, in Marcatili's lossless tapers through-flowing waves must be drastically different from standing waves. First, we reconfirm this by means of numerical results based on an extended BPM algorithm. Next

Curtarolo, Stefano

496

Segmented Waves from a Spatiotemporal Transverse Wave Instability Lingfa Yang, Igal Berenstein, and Irving R. Epstein*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Segmented Waves from a Spatiotemporal Transverse Wave Instability Lingfa Yang, Igal Berenstein observe traveling waves emitted from Turing spots in the chlorine dioxide-iodine-malonic acid reaction. The newborn waves are continuous, but they break into segments as they propagate, and the propagation

Epstein, Irving R.

497

Turbidity current flow over an obstacle and phases of sediment wave generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the flow of particle-laden turbidity currents down a slope and over an obstacle. A high-resolution 2D computer simulation model is used, based on the Navier-Stokes equations. It includes poly-disperse particle grain sizes in the current and substrate. Particular attention is paid to the erosion and deposition of the substrate particles, including application of an active layer model. Multiple flows are modeled from a lock release that can show the development of sediment waves (SW). These are stream-wise waves that are triggered by the increasing slope on the downstream side of the obstacle. The initial obstacle is completely erased by the resuspension after a few flows leading to self consistent and self generated SW that are weakly dependant on the initial obstacle. The growth of these waves is directly related to the turbidity current being self sustaining, that is, the net erosion is more than the net deposition. Four system parameters are found to influence the SW growth: (1) slope, (2) current ...

Strauss, Moshe

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Category:Long-Wave Infrared | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Long-Wave Infrared page? For detailed information on Long-Wave Infrared as exploration techniques, click here. Category:Long-Wave Infrared Add.png Add a new Long-Wave Infrared...

499

Traveling wave device for combining or splitting symmetric and asymmetric waves  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A traveling wave device for the combining or splitting of symmetric and asymmetric traveling wave energy includes a feed waveguide for traveling wave energy, the feed waveguide having an input port and a launching port, a reflector for coupling wave energy between the feed waveguide and a final waveguide for the collection and transport of wave energy to or from the reflector. The power combiner has a launching port for symmetrical waves which includes a cylindrical section coaxial to the feed waveguide, and a launching port for asymmetric waves which includes a sawtooth rotated about a central axis.

Mbius, Arnold (Eggenstein, DE); Ives, Robert Lawrence (Saratoga, CA)

2005-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

500

Triggered single photon emitters based on stimulated parametric scattering in weakly nonlinear systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a scheme of single photon emission based on four-wave mixing in a three mode system with weak Kerr-type nonlinearity. A highly populated lower energy mode results in strong stimulated scattering of particle pairs out of the central mode, which consequently limits the central mode occupation. Thus, the system can be reduced to a $\\chi^{(2)}$ nonlinear medium with greatly enhanced interaction constant. As a model setup we consider dipolaritons in semiconductor microcavities. Using the master equation approach we show strong antibunching under continuous wave pump, which largely exceeds the conventional blockade mechanism. Finally, using a pulsed excitation we demonstrate theoretically an on-demand single photon emitter in a weakly nonlinear system.

Kyriienko, Oleksandr

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z