Sample records for trust anchor lifecycle

  1. Trust Anchor Fact Sheet.cdr

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Trust Anchor Lifecycle Attack Protection Trust Anchor Lifecycle Attack Protection Cryptographically secure software providing independent testing, monitoring, and control of energy...

  2. Trust Anchor Lifecycle Attack Protection | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment of EnergyTheDepartment of Energy and MilitaryTrust Anchor

  3. Lifecycle Model

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This chapter describes the lifecycle model used for the Departmental software engineering methodology.

  4. Lifecycle Analyses of Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    08 Lifecycle Analyses of Biofuels Draft Report (May be citedLIFECYCLE ANALYSES OF BIOFUELS Draft manuscript (may belifecycle analysis (LCA) of biofuels for transportation has

  5. Trust Anchor Fact Sheet.cdr

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyThe EnergyDepartment7Department ofDepartment of Energy 0

  6. Lifecycle Analyses of Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Balances for a Range of Biofuel Options, Project Number8. F UELCYCLE EMISSIONS FOR BIOFUEL VEHICLES IN DIFFERENTch. and LEM % ch. For a few biofuel lifecycles there can be

  7. Life-cycle Assessment of Semiconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah B.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    life-cycle energy requirements (e total ) and global warmingtotal life-cycle global warming impacts. Chapter 3 Life-cycle Energy and Global

  8. Convective Cloud Lifecycles Lunchtime seminar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plant, Robert

    Convective Cloud Lifecycles Lunchtime seminar 19th May 2009 Bob Plant Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, UK #12;Introduction Obtain life cycle statistics for clouds in CRM simulations Why Conclusions Convective Cloud Lifecycles ­ p.1/3 #12;Why bother? Convective Cloud Lifecycles ­ p.2/3 #12;Some

  9. The wooden anchor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haldane, David Douglas

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    anchor reinforcement collar from Brindisi. 21 15. Anchor remains with head reinforcement collar from Isola Lunga. . . . . . 23 16. Type IVA head reinforcement collar. . . . . . . . . 24 17. Lead core of a wooden stock from Porticello 25 18. Type IIA.... Paph, G. C. 8 Boon, N. P. Nercanti and G. Kapithn. TABLE 1. WOODEN-ANCHOR STOCK TYPOLOGY ~Te Stock I IIA IIB IIIA IIIB IIIC IVA IVB Stone Wooden with lead core separated by shank Wooden with lead core joined through shank Solid lead...

  10. TriBITS lifecycle model. Version 1.0, a lean/agile software lifecycle model for research-based computational science and engineering and applied mathematical software.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willenbring, James M.; Bartlett, Roscoe Ainsworth (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Heroux, Michael Allen

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Software lifecycles are becoming an increasingly important issue for computational science and engineering (CSE) software. The process by which a piece of CSE software begins life as a set of research requirements and then matures into a trusted high-quality capability is both commonplace and extremely challenging. Although an implicit lifecycle is obviously being used in any effort, the challenges of this process - respecting the competing needs of research vs. production - cannot be overstated. Here we describe a proposal for a well-defined software lifecycle process based on modern Lean/Agile software engineering principles. What we propose is appropriate for many CSE software projects that are initially heavily focused on research but also are expected to eventually produce usable high-quality capabilities. The model is related to TriBITS, a build, integration and testing system, which serves as a strong foundation for this lifecycle model, and aspects of this lifecycle model are ingrained in the TriBITS system. Here, we advocate three to four phases or maturity levels that address the appropriate handling of many issues associated with the transition from research to production software. The goals of this lifecycle model are to better communicate maturity levels with customers and to help to identify and promote Software Engineering (SE) practices that will help to improve productivity and produce better software. An important collection of software in this domain is Trilinos, which is used as the motivation and the initial target for this lifecycle model. However, many other related and similar CSE (and non-CSE) software projects can also make good use of this lifecycle model, especially those that use the TriBITS system. Indeed this lifecycle process, if followed, will enable large-scale sustainable integration of many complex CSE software efforts across several institutions.

  11. The DCC Curation Lifecycle Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higgins, Sarah

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The DCC Curation Lifecycle Model provides a graphical high level overview of the stages required for successful curation and preservation of data from initial conceptualisation or receipt. The model can be used to plan activities within...

  12. Geographically Differentiated Life-cycle Impact Assessment of Human Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humbert, Sebastien

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    indicators in life-cycle assessment (LCA). Human Ecologicalindicators in life-cycle assessment (LCA). Human EcologicalI explore how life-cycle assessment (LCA) results can

  13. Life-cycle Assessment of Semiconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah B.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    yield. A hybrid life cycle assessment (LCA) model is used;more accurate life-cycle assessment (LCA) of electronicthe purposes of life-cycle assessment (LCA). While it may be

  14. PRODUCT REPRESENTATION IN LIGHTWEIGHT FORMATS FOR PRODUCT LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT (PLM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    PRODUCT REPRESENTATION IN LIGHTWEIGHT FORMATS FOR PRODUCT LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT (PLM) Lian Ding environments and the entire product lifecycle. There are new requirements for product representations, including: platform/application independence, support for the product lifecycle, rapidly sharing information

  15. Conservation Trust Funds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guerin-McManus, Marianne

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    than $50,000, such as Suriname's Forest People's Fund, "levels. 94 For example, the Suriname trust fund operates at

  16. Nematic Anchoring on Carbon Nanotubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajratan Basu; Germano S. Iannacchione

    2009-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A dilute suspension of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in a nematic liquid crystal (LC) does not disturb the LC director. Due to a strong LC-CNT anchoring energy and structural symmetry matching, CNT long axis follows the director field, possessing enhanced dielectric anisotropy. This strong anchoring energy stabilizes local pseudo-nematic domains, resulting in non-zero dielectric anisotropy in the isotropic phase. These anisotropic domains respond to external electric fields and show intrinsic frequency response. The presence of these domains makes the isotropic phase field-responsive, giving rise to a large dielectric hysteresis effect.

  17. Lifecycle analysis: Uses and pitfalls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaines, L.; Stodolsky, F.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lifecycle analysis (LCA) is a powerful tool, often used as an aid to decision making in industry and for public policy. LCA forms the foundation of the newly-invented field of industrial ecology. There are several possible uses and users for this tool. It can be used to evaluate the impacts from a process or from production and use of a product. Impacts from competing products or processes can be compared to help manufacturers or consumers choose among options, including foregoing the service the product or process would have provided because the impacts are too great. Information about impacts can be used by governments to set regulations, taxes, or tariffs; to allocate funds for research and development (R&D) or low-interest loans; or to identify projects worthy to receive tax credits. In addition, LCA can identify key process steps and, most important, key areas where process changes, perhaps enabled by R&D, could significantly reduce impacts. Analysts can use the results to help characterize the ramifications of possible policy options or technological changes.

  18. Nanopatterned anchoring layers for liquid crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gear, Christopher S. (Christopher Stanwood)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes the theory and fabrication of inhomogeneous Liquid Crystal anchoring layers. While chemical anchoring techniques have proved useful for many applications, especially Liquid Crystal Displays, they have ...

  19. GREET Development and Applications for Life-Cycle Analysis of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    GREET Development and Applications for Life-Cycle Analysis of VehicleFuel Systems GREET Development and Applications for Life-Cycle Analysis of VehicleFuel Systems 2013 DOE...

  20. Life-cycle assessment of NAND flash memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah; Horvath, A; Dornfeld, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    this possibility, a life-cycle assessment (LCA) of NAND ?ashstudy presents a life-cycle assessment (LCA) of ?ash memoryInput- Output Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA), US 1997

  1. Life-Cycle Analysis Results of Geothermal Systems in Comparison...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Life-Cycle Analysis Results of Geothermal Systems in Comparison to Other Power Systems Life-Cycle Analysis Results of Geothermal Systems in Comparison to Other Power Systems A...

  2. Trusted Computing Technologies, Intel Trusted Execution Technology.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guise, Max Joseph; Wendt, Jeremy Daniel

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe the current state-of-the-art in Trusted Computing Technologies - focusing mainly on Intel's Trusted Execution Technology (TXT). This document is based on existing documentation and tests of two existing TXT-based systems: Intel's Trusted Boot and Invisible Things Lab's Qubes OS. We describe what features are lacking in current implementations, describe what a mature system could provide, and present a list of developments to watch. Critical systems perform operation-critical computations on high importance data. In such systems, the inputs, computation steps, and outputs may be highly sensitive. Sensitive components must be protected from both unauthorized release, and unauthorized alteration: Unauthorized users should not access the sensitive input and sensitive output data, nor be able to alter them; the computation contains intermediate data with the same requirements, and executes algorithms that the unauthorized should not be able to know or alter. Due to various system requirements, such critical systems are frequently built from commercial hardware, employ commercial software, and require network access. These hardware, software, and network system components increase the risk that sensitive input data, computation, and output data may be compromised.

  3. Extracting Artifact Lifecycle Models from Metadata History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godfrey, Michael W.

    Extracting Artifact Lifecycle Models from Metadata History Olga Baysal, Oleksii Kononenko, Reid, Canada {obaysal, okononen, rtholmes, migod}@cs.uwaterloo.ca Abstract--Software developers and managers make decisions based on the understanding they have of their software systems. This understanding

  4. Trust: A Collision of Paradigms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camp, L. Jean

    2002-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we survey the findings in social psychology and philosophy with respect to trust. We introduce three

  5. Plastic Limit Analysis of Offshore Foundation and Anchor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chi, Chao-Ming

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    in shallow waters. The analyses of anchor capacities are developed for an idealized anchor comprising a rectangular fluke, a cylindrical shank, and a metal chain connected to the shank at the padeye. The anchor trajectory prediction during drag embedment...

  6. Upper bound analysis for drag anchors in soft clay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Byoung Min

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This study presents an upper bound plastic limit analysis for predicting drag anchor trajectory and load capacity. The shank and fluke of the anchor are idealized as simple plates. The failure mechanism involves the motion of the anchor about a...

  7. Method of fabrication of anchored nanostructure materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seals, Roland D; Menchhofer, Paul A; Howe, Jane Y; Wang, Wei

    2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods for fabricating anchored nanostructure materials are described. The methods include heating a nano-catalyst under a protective atmosphere to a temperature ranging from about 450.degree. C. to about 1500.degree. C. and contacting the heated nano-catalysts with an organic vapor to affix carbon nanostructures to the nano-catalysts and form the anchored nanostructure material.

  8. CHEIBA TRUST Health Insurance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CHEIBA TRUST Health Insurance Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield www.anthem.com BlueAdvantage Point of Service Plan (HMO/POS) Prime Health Plan (PPO) and Custom Plus Health Plan Phone.................................................................................................................1-800-542-9402 Provider Directories Health and Dental www.anthem.com HMO Chiropractic Landmark

  9. Economics of Lifecycle analysis and greenhouse gas regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2 The role of economics in lifecycle environmental impact3 Economics of biofuels: Impact on food and 3.1Agricultural & Resource Economics, UCB, page 1058, 2008. [5

  10. Lifecycle Cost Analysis of Hydrogen Versus Other Technologies...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    compared with three other storage technologies: batteries, pumped hydro, and compressed air energy storage (CAES). Lifecycle Cost Analysis of Hydrogen Versus Other Technologies...

  11. active stage lifecycle: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Analysis of Transportation Fuels and Vehicle with life-cycle analysis (LCA). In fact, LCA of transportation fuels and vehicle systems has a history Bustamante, Fabin E. 89...

  12. Life-Cycle Evaluation of Concrete Building Construction as a Strategy for Sustainable Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadel, Alexander

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and use of a new life-cycle assessment (LCA) model forknown as life-cycle assessment (LCA). An LCA employs dataliterature related to life-cycle assessment (LCA) applied to

  13. Anchored nanostructure materials and method of fabrication

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Seals, Roland D; Menchhofer, Paul A; Howe, Jane Y; Wang, Wei

    2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Anchored nanostructure materials and methods for their fabrication are described. The anchored nanostructure materials may utilize nano-catalysts that include powder-based or solid-based support materials. The support material may comprise metal, such as NiAl, ceramic, a cermet, or silicon or other metalloid. Typically, nanoparticles are disposed adjacent a surface of the support material. Nanostructures may be formed as anchored to nanoparticles that are adjacent the surface of the support material by heating the nano-catalysts and then exposing the nano-catalysts to an organic vapor. The nanostructures are typically single wall or multi-wall carbon nanotubes.

  14. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Assessment Studies of Chinese Cement Production: Challenges and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Hongyou

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of life-cycle assessment (LCA) to understand theIntroduction Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is an important

  15. Guidance on Life-Cycle Cost Analysis Required by Executive Order...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Documents & Publications Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2010 Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis -...

  16. LEEDS PARTNERSHIP NHS FOUNDATION TRUST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berzins, M.

    6469 ABOUT THIS CASE STUDY Leeds Partnerships NHS Foundation Trust worked with the University of Leeds untoward incidents (SUIs) occurring within the Trust to achieve a sustained improvement in patient safety of the North of England to work together to improve the sustainable economic development of the North towards

  17. Lifecycle Value Framework for Tactical Aircraft Product Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hallander, Ingrid

    Due to a dramatic reduction in defense procurement, the benchmark for developing new defense systems today is performance at an affordable cost. In an attempt to encircle a more holistic perspective of value, lifecycle ...

  18. Colectica for Excel: Using DDI Lifecycle with Spreadsheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Dan

    2013-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    software, a free tool to document statistical data using open standards. The software implements leading open standards including the Data Documentation Initiative (DDI) Lifecycle version 3 and ISO 11179. Using this software allows organizations to both...

  19. Life-Cycle Analysis and Energy Efficiency in State Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Several provisions of Missouri law govern energy efficiency in state facilities. In 1993 Missouri enacted legislation requiring life-cycle cost analysis for all new construction of state buildings...

  20. RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS Comparison of Life-Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    -output life-cycle assessment (EIO-LCA) model; and SimaPro software equipped with the Franklin database. EIO-LCA model estimated for emis- sions of particulate matter less than 10 micrograms (PM10) resulting from wind

  1. Paper Number Whole Lifecycle Electrical Design Analysis in Foresight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snooke, Neal

    and Effects Analysis (FMEA) or Sneak Circuit Analysis (SCA) is typically carried out once in the lifecycle techniques have been developed. FMEA. Failure mode and effects analysis considers the effect on an overall

  2. Undrained behavior of plate anchors subjected to general loading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Ming

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This study presents a method for predicting the undrained behavior of plate anchors, including out-of-plane loading of simple plates and performance of suction embedded plate anchors (SEPLA). Three dimensional finite element models are used...

  3. Big Sky Trust Fund (Montana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Big Sky Trust Fund reimburses expenses incurred in the purchase, leasing, or relocation of real assets for direct use of the assisted business or employee training costs. A local or tribal...

  4. Anchored Mobilities: Mobile Technology and Transnational Migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dourish,Paul

    Anchored Mobilities: Mobile Technology and Transnational Migration Amanda Williams Donald Bren Irvine, CA 92697-3440, USA jpd@ics.uci.edu ABSTRACT Mobile technologies are deployed into diverse social mobility. We present an ethnography of transnational Thai retirees and their uses of mobile technology

  5. The principles of life-cycle analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, L.J.; Hunsaker, D.B.; Curlee, T.R.

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Decisionmakers representing government agencies must balance competing objectives when deciding on the purchase and sale of assets. The goal in all cases should be to make prudent or financially {open_quotes}cost-effective{close_quotes} decisions. That is, the revenues from the purchase or sale of assets should exceed any out-of-pocket costs to obtain the revenues. However, effects external to these financial considerations such as promoting environmental quality, creating or maintaining jobs, and abiding by existing regulations should also be considered in the decisionmaking process. In this paper, we outline the principles of life-cycle analysis (LCA), a framework that allows decisionmakers to make informed, balanced choices over the period of time affected by the decision, taking into account important external effects. Specifically, LCA contains three levels of analysis for any option: (1) direct financial benefits (revenues) and out-of-pocket costs for a course of action; (2) environmental and health consequences of a decision; and (3) other economic and socio-institutional effects. Because some of the components of LCA are difficult to value in monetary terms, the outcome of the LCA process is not generally a yes-no answer. However, the framework allows the decisionmaker to at least qualitatively consider all relevant factors in analyzing options, promoting sound decisionmaking in the process.

  6. Lifecycle-analysis for heavy vehicles.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaines, L.

    1998-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Various alternative fuels and improved engine and vehicle systems have been proposed in order to reduce emissions and energy use associated with heavy vehicles (predominantly trucks). For example, oil companies have proposed improved methods for converting natural gas to zero-aromatics, zero-sulfur diesel fuel via the Fischer-Tropsch process. Major heavy-duty diesel engine companies are working on ways to simultaneously reduce particulate-matter and NOX emissions. The trend in heavy vehicles is toward use of lightweight materials, tires with lower rolling resistance, and treatments to reduce aerodynamic drag. In this paper, we compare the Mecycle energy use and emissions from trucks using selected alternatives, such as Fisher-Tropsch diesel fuel and advanced fuel-efficient engines. We consider heavy-duty, Class 8 tractor-semitrailer combinations for this analysis. The total life cycle includes production and recycling of the vehicle itself, extraction, processing, and transportation of the fuel itself, and vehicle operation and maintenance. Energy use is considered in toto, as well as those portions that are imported, domestic, and renewable. Emissions of interest include greenhouse gases and criteria pollutants. Angonne's Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (GREET) model is used to generate per-vehicle fuel cycle impacts. Energy use and emissions for materials manufacturing and vehicle disposal are estimated by means of materials information from Argonne studies. We conclude that there are trade-offs among impacts. For example, the lowest fossil energy use does not necessarily result in lowest total energy use, and lower tailpipe emissions may not necessarily result in lower lifecycle emissions of all criteria pollutants.

  7. Automated analysis for lifecycle assembly processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calton, T.L.; Brown, R.G.; Peters, R.R.

    1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many manufacturing companies today expend more effort on upgrade and disposal projects than on clean-slate design, and this trend is expected to become more prevalent in coming years. However, commercial CAD tools are better suited to initial product design than to the product`s full life cycle. Computer-aided analysis, optimization, and visualization of life cycle assembly processes based on the product CAD data can help ensure accuracy and reduce effort expended in planning these processes for existing products, as well as provide design-for-lifecycle analysis for new designs. To be effective, computer aided assembly planning systems must allow users to express the plan selection criteria that apply to their companies and products as well as to the life cycles of their products. Designing products for easy assembly and disassembly during its entire life cycle for purposes including service, field repair, upgrade, and disposal is a process that involves many disciplines. In addition, finding the best solution often involves considering the design as a whole and by considering its intended life cycle. Different goals and constraints (compared to initial assembly) require one to re-visit the significant fundamental assumptions and methods that underlie current assembly planning techniques. Previous work in this area has been limited to either academic studies of issues in assembly planning or applied studies of life cycle assembly processes, which give no attention to automatic planning. It is believed that merging these two areas will result in a much greater ability to design for; optimize, and analyze life cycle assembly processes.

  8. MobiTrust: Trust Management System in Mobile Social Computing Computer Science Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Juan "Jen"

    MobiTrust: Trust Management System in Mobile Social Computing Juan Li Computer Science Department technology and social network service, mobile social network emerges as a new network paradigm, which characteristics. This paper presents a novel trust management system, termed MobileTrust, to establish secure

  9. Fully Distributed Trust Model based on Trust Graph for Mobile Ad hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Fully Distributed Trust Model based on Trust Graph for Mobile Ad hoc Networks Mawloud Omar, Yacine University of Technology, France. bouabdal@hds.utc.fr Abstract A mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a wireless that defines who trusts who and how. Our work aims to provide a fully distributed trust model for mobile ad hoc

  10. CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Workforce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    account of in workforce planning. The importance of integrating academic training with clinical trainingCONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Workforce of the Healthcare Science Workforce Modernising Scientific Careers: The Next Steps Response by the Wellcome Trust

  11. INCORPORATING THE EFFECT OF PRICE CHANGES ON CO2- EQUIVALENT EMSSIONS FROM ALTERNATIVE-FUEL LIFECYCLES: SCOPING THE ISSUES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Emissions from Alternative Fuel Lifecycles: Scoping theEMSSIONS FROM ALTERNATIVE-FUEL LIFECYCLES: SCOPING THEACRONYMS and TERMS AF = alternative fuel AFL = alternative-

  12. Incorporating the Effect of Price Changes on CO2-Equivalent Emissions From Alternative-Fuel Lifecycles: Scoping the Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Emissions from Alternative Fuel Lifecycles: Scoping theEMSSIONS FROM ALTERNATIVE-FUEL LIFECYCLES: SCOPING THEACRONYMS and TERMS AF = alternative fuel AFL = alternative-

  13. Rogatus a planned open source toolset to cover the whole lifecycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkow, Ingo; Schiller, David

    2013-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    During the last years several different tools for DDI Lifecycle have been published. Nevertheless none of the current tools is able to cover the full lifecycle from beginning to end. This presentation wants to show a first outlook into Rogatus...

  14. Life-Cycle Water Impacts of U.S. Transportation Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scown, Corinne Donahue

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    All but two Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies make nofuels. The term life-cycle assessment (LCA) is used toInput-Output Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA) US 2002 (428)

  15. Life-cycle Environmental Inventory of Passenger Transportation in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail V

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Area,Chicago,andNewYorkCity are evaluated capturing passenger transportation life?cycle energyArea, Chicago, and New York City are evaluated capturing passenger trans- portation life-cycle energy

  16. Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2 Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2012 Report provides tables of present-value factors for use in the life-cycle cost analysis of capital...

  17. Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis-2014 Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis-2014 Handbook describes the...

  18. Assessment of Projected Life-Cycle Costs for Wave, Tidal, Ocean...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Assessment of Projected Life-Cycle Costs for Wave, Tidal, Ocean Current, and In-Stream Hydrokinetic Power Assessment of Projected Life-Cycle Costs for Wave, Tidal, Ocean Current,...

  19. Commissioning tools for life-cycle building performance assurance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piette, M.A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses information systems for building life-cycle performance analysis and the use of computer-based commissioning tools within this context. There are many reasons why buildings do not perform in practice as well as intended at the design stage. One reason is the lack of commissioning. A second reason is that design intent is not well documented, and performance targets for building components and systems are not well specified. Thus, criteria for defining verification and functional tests is unclear. A third reason is that critical information is often lost throughout the building life-cycle, which causes problems such as misunderstanding of operational characteristics and sequences and reduced overall performance. The life-cycle building performance analysis tools project discussed in this paper are focused on chillers and cooling systems.

  20. Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Annual Report and Financial Statements Year ended 30 September 2013 #12;Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Contents Page Directors Trust Finance plc Directors' Report For the year ended 30 September 2013 Report of the Directors

  1. Annual Report Wellcome Trust Finance plc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    Annual Report Wellcome Trust Finance plc Annual Report and Financial Statements 2011 #12;#12;Wellcome Trust Finance plc | | 01 Contents Directors' Report 02 Independent Auditors' Report 05 Profit Administrative Details 15 #12;02 | Wellcome Trust Finance plc | Directors' Report Directors' Report for the year

  2. Wellcome Trust Finance plc Annual Report and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Wellcome Trust Finance plc Annual Report and Financial Statements Year ended 30 September 2010 Details 16 Wellcome Trust Finance plc | Contents | 1 #12;Activities The principal activity of Wellcome Trust Finance plc (the "Company") is to issue and invest in financial instruments e.g. shares, bonds

  3. Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Annual Report and Financial Statements Year ended 30 September 2012 #12;Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Contents Page Directors Trust Finance plc Directors' Report for the year ended 30 September 2012 Report of the Directors

  4. A Computational Framework for Life-Cycle Management of Wind Turbines incorporating Structural Health Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    1 A Computational Framework for Life-Cycle Management of Wind Turbines incorporating Structural of wind turbines and reducing the life-cycle costs significantly. This paper presents a life-cycle management (LCM) framework for online monitoring and performance assessment of wind turbines, enabling

  5. A game theory framework for cooperative management of refillable and disposable bottle lifecycles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    A game theory framework for cooperative management of refillable and disposable bottle lifecycles applies game theory to the lifecycle of bottle packaging, and presents a framework for analysis. Keywords: Lifecycle management; Reuse; Packaging; Industrial ecology 1. Introduction One of the fundamental

  6. A Life-Cycle Energy and Inventory Analysis of FinFET Integrated Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    . Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) has been increasingly used to assess environmental implicationsA Life-Cycle Energy and Inventory Analysis of FinFET Integrated Circuits Yanzhi Wang, Ying Zhang as the next-generation semiconductor technology. This paper is the first attempt in reporting the life-cycle

  7. Designing Trust into Online Experiences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shneiderman, Ben

    are needed to enhance cooperative behaviors in electronic environments supporting e-commerce, e merchant, designers must develop strategies for facilitat- ing e-commerce and auctions. Since users can- reputable business practices. Political scientist Eric Uslaner of the University of Maryland calls trust

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - analyzing trust perceptions Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    trust perceptions Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: analyzing trust perceptions Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 What is Trust? Trust...

  9. New Retrievable Coil Anchors: Preliminary In Vivo Experiences in Swine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Konya, A., E-mail: akonya@mdanderson.org; Wright, K.C. [University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Section of Interventional Radiology, Division of Diagnostic Imaging (United States)

    2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose. To design and test retrievable coil anchors to improve the safety and efficacy of coil embolization. Methods. Fifty-two 0.038-inch homemade retrievable stainless steel coils were equipped with one of four different pre-shaped nitinol anchors and tested in 38 pigs. All coils with the anchor were completely retrieved and redeployed 3-18 times (median 7 times) prior to release. Types 1 and 2 anchored coils were acutely deployed in the external iliac arteries (n = 10 each), and chronically tested (1 week) in the common carotid arteries (n = 6 each). Larger type 1 (n = 4), type 3 (n = 6), and type 4 (n = 4) anchored coils were acutely deployed in the abdominal aorta. The largest type 1 anchors (n = 6) were acutely tested in the inferior vena cava. Results. All anchored coils were successfully retrieved and repositioned several times. All but two coils formed a compact plug and there was no coil migration except with two mechanically defective type 3 anchors. Conclusion. The use of retrievable anchors allowed the coils to be retrieved and repositioned, prevented coil migration, and enabled compact coil configuration.

  10. Widget:AnchorText | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 South Place: SaltTroyer &AnchorText Jump to: navigation, search This

  11. Safety Criteria and Safety Lifecycle for Artificial Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Tim

    Safety Criteria and Safety Lifecycle for Artificial Neural Networks Zeshan Kurd, Tim Kelly and Jim performance based techniques that aim to improve the safety of neural networks for safety critical applications. However, many of these techniques provide inadequate forms of safety arguments required

  12. Safety Lifecycle for Developing Safety Critical Artificial Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Tim

    Safety Lifecycle for Developing Safety Critical Artificial Neural Networks Zeshan Kurd, Tim Kelly. There are many techniques that aim to improve the performance of neural networks for safety-critical systems. Consequently, their role in safety-critical applications, if any, is typically restricted to advisory systems

  13. Empirical Study of Life-Cycle Cost Analysis for Bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bridge and the Golden Gate Bridge · Step three: Obtain data from highway bridges of different structuralEmpirical Study of Life-Cycle Cost Analysis for Bridges Progress Report Ahmad Hadavi, PhD, PE and their timing during the life of a bridge to achieve the 50- to 100-year service life that many bridge

  14. Nonrotating, self-centering anchor assembly for anchoring a bolt in a borehole

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bevan, J.E.; King, G.W.

    1998-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    An expandable anchor assembly is provided for anchoring the threaded end portion of an elongated roof bolt in a borehole. The anchoring assembly includes a hollow outer sleeve in the form of a plurality of symmetrically arranged, longitudinal segmented wall portions with exterior gripping teeth and an inner expander sleeve in the form of a corresponding plurality of longitudinal wall portions symmetrically arranged about a central axis to define an inner threaded cylindrical section. The inner sleeve is captured within and moveable axially relative to the outer sleeve. As the threaded end portion of the elongated bolt is inserted into the inner threaded cylindrical section of the inner sleeve from the trailing end to the leading end thereof, the inner sleeve expands over and clamps around the threaded end portion of the elongated bolt. Thereafter, partial withdrawal of the elongated bolt from the borehole causes the inner sleeve to axially move relative to the outer sleeve from the leading end toward the trailing end of the outer sleeve in a wedging action to cause the outer sleeve to radially expand and force engagement of the gripping teeth against the sidewall of the borehole to thereby secure the expandable anchor assembly and therewith the threaded end portion of the elongated bolt within the borehole. 8 figs.

  15. Nonrotating, self-centering anchor assembly for anchoring a bolt in a borehole

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bevan, John E. (Spokane, WA); King, Grant W. (Spokane, WA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An expandable anchor assembly is provided for anchoring the threaded end portion of an elongated roof bolt in a borehole. The anchoring assembly includes a hollow outer sleeve in the form of a plurality of symmetrically arranged, longitudinal segmented wall portions with exterior gripping teeth and an inner expander sleeve in the form of a corresponding plurality of longitudinal wall portions symmetrically arranged about a central axis to define an inner threaded cylindrical section. The inner sleeve is captured within and moveable axially relative to the outer sleeve. As the threaded end portion of the elongated bolt is inserted into the inner threaded cylindrical section of the inner sleeve from the trailing end to the leading end thereof, the inner sleeve expands over and clamps around the threaded end portion of the elongated bolt. Thereafter, partial withdrawal of the elongated bolt from the borehole causes the inner sleeve to axially move relative to the outer sleeve from the leading end toward the trailing end of the outer sleeve in a wedging action to cause the outer sleeve to radially expand and force engagement of the gripping teeth against the sidewall of the borehole to thereby secure the expandable anchor assembly and therewith the threaded end portion of the elongated bolt within the borehole.

  16. Comparative Life-cycle Air Emissions of Coal, Domestic Natural Gas, LNG, and SNG for Electricity Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaramillo, Paulina

    1 Comparative Life-cycle Air Emissions of Coal, Domestic Natural Gas, LNG, and SNG for Electricity from the LNG life-cycle. Notice that local distribution of natural gas falls outside our analysis boundary. Figure 1S: Domestic Natural Gas Life-cycle. Figure 2S: LNG Life-cycle. Processing Transmission

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - anchored linkage map Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Search Sample search results for: anchored linkage map Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 GENOMICS 11.806-827 (1991) Genomic Mapping by Anchoring Random Clones Summary: of anchors. In...

  18. Behavior of 10 full-scale ground anchors installed in stiff clay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powers, William Francis

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Results from load tests conducted on ten, full-scale instrumented ground anchors installed in stiff clay, illustrated that anchor performance is load-history dependent. Anchors having shorter bonded lengths performed significantly better than...

  19. Simulation of the catenary effect under wind disturbances in anchoring of small boats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mwarage, Jessy Mbagara

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been conventional knowledge for as long as ships have existed that the catenary effect of an anchor line augments the efficiency of an anchoring system. This is achieved by making the anchor line as heavy as possible ...

  20. Prediction methods for capacity of drag anchors in clayey soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoon, Yeo Hoon

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A drag anchor is a marine foundation element, which is penetrated into the seabed by dragging in order to generate a required capacity. The holding capacity of a drag anchor in a particular soil condition is developed by soil resistance acting...

  1. Pash: Efficient Genome-Scale Sequence Anchoring by Positional Hashing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batzoglou, Serafim

    Pash: Efficient Genome-Scale Sequence Anchoring by Positional Hashing Ken J. Kalafus,1,2 Andrew R large-scale sequence comparison tasks: comparison of three mammalian genomes, and anchoring millions sequence motifs that had been discov- ered by examining the sequence of S. cerevisiae alone (Kellis et al

  2. Breaking anchored droplets in a microfluidic Hele-Shaw cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amselem, Gabriel; Gallaire, Franois; Baroud, Charles N

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study microfluidic self digitization in Hele-Shaw cells using pancake droplets anchored to surface tension traps. We show that above a critical flow rate, large anchored droplets break up to form two daughter droplets, one of which remains in the anchor. Below the critical flow velocity for breakup the shape of the anchored drop is given by an elastica equation that depends on the capillary number of the outer fluid. As the velocity crosses the critical value, the equation stops admitting a solution that satisfies the boundary conditions; the drop breaks up in spite of the neck still having finite width. A similar breaking event also takes place between the holes of an array of anchors, which we use to produce a 2D array of stationary drops in situ.

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - anchor bolts embedded Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    use... generated in an anchored rockbolt and the influence of parameters like the bolt profile or the confining... , the influence on the anchoring capacity of the confining...

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - anchor bolts Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Geosciences 7 1276 JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING MECHANICS NOVEMBER 1999 ULTIMATE LOAD CAPACITIES OF PLANE AND Summary: anchors and g 1.2 for plane strain anchors. FIG. 2....

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - analysis phenotype anchoring Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OF MAPPING WITH ANCHORED CLONES 807 an anchor could be identifiedby mating... - cal analysis of physical mapping by ... Source: Waterman, Michael S. - Departments of...

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - anchor windlasses Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: , scalable terabyte search engine. Document index distributed across four machines. Anchor text index... , comprising of all in-link anchor text terms for each...

  7. Pipe supports and anchors - LMFBR applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, M.J.

    1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pipe design and support design can not be treated as separate disciplines. A coordinated design approach is required if LMFBR pipe system adequacy is to be achieved at a reasonable cost. It is particularly important that system designers understand and consider those factors which influence support train flexibility and thus the pipe system dynamic stress levels. The system approach must not stop with the design phase but should continue thru the erection and acceptance test procedures. The factors that should be considered in the design of LMFBR pipe supports and anchors are described. The various pipe support train elements are described together with guidance on analysis, design and application aspects. Post erection acceptance and verification test procedures are then discussed.

  8. WELLCOME TRUST CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to the Reform of the National Curriculum in England

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    WELLCOME TRUST CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to the Reform of the National Curriculum in England April 2013 1 Department for Education: Reform of the National Curriculum in England CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to the Reform of the National Curriculum in England April 2013 2

  9. Wellcome Trust CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Ofqual's GCSE reform consultation -August 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Wellcome Trust CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Ofqual's GCSE reform consultation - August 2013 1 Ofqual: GCSE reform consultation Response by the Wellcome Trust August 2013 Key points and indirect practical assessment in its reform proposals. The total contribution of direct and indirect

  10. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Life-cycle Assessment (LCA)..comprehensive life-cycle assessment (LCA) models to quantifyat each stage. Life-cycle Assessment (LCA) The vehicles,

  11. Geothermal completion technology life-cycle cost model (GEOCOM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mansure, A.J.; Carson, C.C.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GEOCOM is a model developed to evaluate the cost effectiveness of alternative technologies used in the completion, production, and maintenance of geothermal wells. The model calculates the ratio of life-cycle cost to life-cycle production or injection and thus is appropriate for evaluating the cost effectiveness of a geothermal well even when the most economically profitable well completion strategies do not result in lowest capital costs. The project to develop the GEOCOM model included the establishment of a data base for studying geothermal completions and preliminary case/sensitivity studies. The code has the data base built into its structure as default parameters. These parameters include geothermal resource characteristics; costs of geothermal wells, workovers, and equipment; and other data. The GEOCOM model has been written in ANSI (American National Standard Institute) FORTRAN 1966 version.

  12. Life-cycle analysis of shale gas and natural gas.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, C.E.; Han, J.; Burnham, A.; Dunn, J.B.; Wang, M. (Energy Systems); ( EVS)

    2012-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The technologies and practices that have enabled the recent boom in shale gas production have also brought attention to the environmental impacts of its use. Using the current state of knowledge of the recovery, processing, and distribution of shale gas and conventional natural gas, we have estimated up-to-date, life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, we have developed distribution functions for key parameters in each pathway to examine uncertainty and identify data gaps - such as methane emissions from shale gas well completions and conventional natural gas liquid unloadings - that need to be addressed further. Our base case results show that shale gas life-cycle emissions are 6% lower than those of conventional natural gas. However, the range in values for shale and conventional gas overlap, so there is a statistical uncertainty regarding whether shale gas emissions are indeed lower than conventional gas emissions. This life-cycle analysis provides insight into the critical stages in the natural gas industry where emissions occur and where opportunities exist to reduce the greenhouse gas footprint of natural gas.

  13. Life-Cycle Assessment of Pyrolysis Bio-Oil Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steele, Philp; Puettmann, Maureen E.; Penmetsa, Venkata Kanthi; Cooper, Jerome E.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part ofthe Consortium for Research on Renewable Industrial Materials' Phase I life-cycle assessments ofbiofuels, lifecycle inventory burdens from the production of bio-oil were developed and compared with measures for residual fuel oil. Bio-oil feedstock was produced using whole southern pine (Pinus taeda) trees, chipped, and converted into bio-oil by fast pyrolysis. Input parameters and mass and energy balances were derived with Aspen. Mass and energy balances were input to SimaPro to determine the environmental performance of bio-oil compared with residual fuel oil as a heating fuel. Equivalent functional units of 1 MJ were used for demonstrating environmental preference in impact categories, such as fossil fuel use and global warming potential. Results showed near carbon neutrality of the bio-oil. Substituting bio-oil for residual fuel oil, based on the relative carbon emissions of the two fuels, estimated a reduction in CO2 emissions by 0.075 kg CO2 per MJ of fuel combustion or a 70 percent reduction in emission over residual fuel oil. The bio-oil production life-cycle stage consumed 92 percent of the total cradle-to-grave energy requirements, while feedstock collection, preparation, and transportation consumed 4 percent each. This model provides a framework to better understand the major factors affecting greenhouse gas emissions related to bio-oil production and conversion to boiler fuel during fast pyrolysis.

  14. Photoinduced ordering and anchoring properties of azo-dye films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexei D. Kiselev; Vladimir Chigrinov; Dan Ding Huang

    2005-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We study both theoretically and experimentally anchoring properties of photoaligning azo-dye films in contact with a nematic liquid crystal depending on photoinduced ordering of azo-dye molecules. In the mean field approximation, we found that the bare surface anchoring energy linearly depends on the azo-dye order parameter and the azimuthal anchoring strength decays to zero in the limit of vanishing photoinduced ordering. From the absorption dichroism spectra measured in the azo-dye films that are prepared from the azo-dye derivative with polymerizable terminal groups (SDA-2) we obtain dependence of the dichroic ratio on the irradiation dose. We also measure the polar and azimuthal anchoring strengths in nematic liquid crystal (NLC) cells aligned by the azo-dye films and derive the anchoring strengths as functions of the dichroic ratio. Though linear fitting of the experimental data for both anchoring strengths gives reasonably well results, it, in contradiction with the theory, predicts vanishing of the azimuthal anchoring strength at certain nonzero value of the azo-dye order parameter. By using a simple phenomenological model we show that this discrepancy can be attributed to the difference between the surface and bulk order parameters in the films.

  15. A Retrospective Filter Trust Region Algorithm For Unconstrained ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we propose a retrospective filter trust re- gion algorithm for .... [33] present the self-adaptive trust region methods and give some discussions about

  16. City of Pittsburgh Implementation Model: Green Initiatives Trust...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Model: Green Initiatives Trust Fund City of Pittsburgh implementation model, Green initiatives trust fund. Author: U. S. Department of Energy City of Pittsburgh...

  17. DualTrust: A Distributed Trust Model for Swarm-Based Autonomic Computing Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maiden, Wendy M.; Dionysiou, Ioanna; Frincke, Deborah A.; Fink, Glenn A.; Bakken, David E.

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For autonomic computing systems that utilize mobile agents and ant colony algorithms for their sensor layer, trust management is important for the acceptance of the mobile agent sensors and to protect the system from malicious behavior by insiders and entities that have penetrated network defenses. This paper examines the trust relationships, evidence, and decisions in a representative system and finds that by monitoring the trustworthiness of the autonomic managers rather than the swarming sensors, the trust management problem becomes much more scalable and still serves to protect the swarm. We then propose the DualTrust conceptual trust model. By addressing the autonomic managers bi-directional primary relationships in the ACS architecture, DualTrust is able to monitor the trustworthiness of the autonomic managers, protect the sensor swarm in a scalable manner, and provide global trust awareness for the orchestrating autonomic manager.

  18. Life of Sugar: Developing Lifecycle Methods to Evaluate the Energy and Environmental Impacts of Sugarcane Biofuels.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopal, Anand Raja

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Lifecycle Assessment (LCA) is undergoing a period of rapid change as it strives to become more policy-relevant. Attributional LCA, the traditional LCA category, is beginning (more)

  19. Text Alternative Version: Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of LED Lighting Products

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Below is the text-alternative version of the "Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of LED Lighting Products" webcast, held March 28, 2013.

  20. Lifecycle Analysis of Air Quality Impacts of Hydrogen and Gasoline Transportation Fuel Pathways

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Guihua

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    28 2.2.5.1. Hydrogen productionLifecycle Assessment of Hydrogen Production via Natural Gasconsidered: onsite hydrogen production via small-scale steam

  1. Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0 Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2010 Report describes the 2010 edition of energy price indices and discount factors for performing...

  2. Life of Sugar: Developing Lifecycle Methods to Evaluate the Energy and Environmental Impacts of Sugarcane Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopal, Anand Raja

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    led to an explosion of government and academic studies on the lifecycle effects of solid waste disposal options like landfilling, recycling,

  3. Expeditious Data Center Sustainability, Flow, and Temperature Modeling: Life-Cycle Exergy Consumption Combined with a Potential Flow Based, Rankine Vortex Superposed, Predictive Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lettieri, David

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methodology iii Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) . . . . . . .Results 6.1 Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) . . . . . 6.1.1Analysis (LCEA) 4. Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) 5. Exergetic

  4. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Life-cycle Assessment (LCA)comprehensive life-cycle assessment (LCA) models to quantifyUCB-ITS-VWP-2007-7 Life-cycle Assessment (LCA) The vehicles,

  5. Seafloor anchoring for platforms in the Messina Strait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manno, Antonioluca

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The importance of properly designing and selecting an anchor is key to reliable techniques for floating offshore platforms including power generation from marine currents. Numerous studies have demonstrated how the uplift ...

  6. Standardization of test methodology: a comparison between three suture anchors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonnalagadda, Silpa P.

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    of this research is to compare the durability of three commercial suture anchors manufactured by Innovative Animal Products, Securos Veterinary Orthopedic Inc. and IMEXTM by comparing their pullout loads after cyclic loading. This research also aims to determine...

  7. City of Pittsburgh Implementation Model: Green Initiatives Trust Fund

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    City of Pittsburgh implementation model, Green initiatives trust fund. Author: U. S. Department of Energy

  8. Environmental life-cycle assessment of highway construction projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopalan, Neethi

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Finland (Junnila et al 2003). The energy use and emissions from the life-cycle of the office building was assessed assuming fifty years as its service life. This study conducted an inventory as well as impact assessment on the office building as given... of office buildings in Finland. The practical aspects of this study are that more environmentally-conscious design can be made but further studies have to be conducted to standardize the results of this study in countries in a different geographic...

  9. Strategic capacity in post devolution government in the UK: A comparative analysis of the lifecycle of central strategy units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDougall, Audrey

    2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis analyses the changing role of central government strategy units in the devolved UK polity using a lifecycle model. At each stage of the lifecycle the units develop a different aim, undertake different tasks and follow different working...

  10. DualTrust: A Trust Management Model for Swarm-Based Autonomic Computing Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maiden, Wendy M.

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Trust management techniques must be adapted to the unique needs of the application architectures and problem domains to which they are applied. For autonomic computing systems that utilize mobile agents and ant colony algorithms for their sensor layer, certain characteristics of the mobile agent ant swarm -- their lightweight, ephemeral nature and indirect communication -- make this adaptation especially challenging. This thesis looks at the trust issues and opportunities in swarm-based autonomic computing systems and finds that by monitoring the trustworthiness of the autonomic managers rather than the swarming sensors, the trust management problem becomes much more scalable and still serves to protect the swarm. After analyzing the applicability of trust management research as it has been applied to architectures with similar characteristics, this thesis specifies the required characteristics for trust management mechanisms used to monitor the trustworthiness of entities in a swarm-based autonomic computing system and describes a trust model that meets these requirements.

  11. A Cyberinfrastructure for Integrated Monitoring and Life-Cycle Management of Wind Turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    A Cyberinfrastructure for Integrated Monitoring and Life-Cycle Management of Wind Turbines Kay Abstract. Integrating structural health monitoring into life-cycle management strategies for wind turbines data) can effectively be used to capture the operational and structural behavior of wind turbines

  12. 5x20 Matrix for Knowledge Management Lifecycle Based on the Five C's Model and a Critical Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5x20 Matrix for Knowledge Management Lifecycle Based on the Five C's Model and a Critical Review the previous efforts that have investigated the models and frameworks of KM lifecycles. Furthermore of coming out and arising the five C's model to be adopted in organizations vis-à-vis other KM lifecycles

  13. Regional Revolving Loan Trust Fund (New York)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Regional Revolving Loan Trust Fund Program, coordinated by the Empire State Development program, is operated in six regions by nonprofit organizations and provides working capital loans (up to ...

  14. Student Trust: Impacting High School Outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romero, Lisa

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and validating a measure of student trust. In W. K. Hoy & M.Perseus. Bidwell, C. E. (1970). Students and schools: Somesocial capital perspective on students' chances of academic

  15. Spent Fuel Disposal Trust Fund (Maine)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Any licensee operating a nuclear power plant in this State shall establish a segregated Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal Trust Fund in accordance with this subchapter for the eventual disposal of spent...

  16. DYER ISLAND CONSERVATION TRUST LETTER OF CONCERN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    ..........................................................................................................................8 4 GENERAL POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF THE NPS ON THE MARINE ENVIRONMENTDYER ISLAND CONSERVATION TRUST LETTER OF CONCERN ASSOCIATED WITH THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A NUCLEAR....................................................................................................................................6 3 THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT SURROUNDING BANTAMSKLIP

  17. The effect of anchoring on nematic flow in channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. M. O. Batista; M. L. Blow; M. M. Telo da Gama

    2014-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding the flow of liquid crystals in microfluidic environments plays an important role in many fields, including device design and microbiology. We perform hybrid lattice-Boltzmann simulations of a nematic liquid crystal flowing under an applied pressure gradient in two-dimensional channels with various anchoring boundary conditions at the substrate walls. We investigate the relation between flow rate and pressure gradient and the corresponding profile of the nematic director, and find significant departures from the linear Poiseuille relation. We also identify a morphological transition in the director profile and explain this in terms of an instability in the dynamical equations. We examine the qualitative and quantitative effects of changing the type and strength of the anchoring. Understanding such effects may provide a useful means of quantifying the anchoring of a substrate by measuring its flow properties.

  18. Wellcome Trust SUBMISSION OF EVIDENCE Wellcome Trust response to Inquiry into education, training and workforce planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    and workforce planning December 2011 1 House of Commons Health Committee: Inquiry into education, training and workforce planning Response by the Wellcome Trust December 2011 Key Points 1. The Wellcome Trust funds and workforce planning December 2011 2 4. Improvements to the education and training system for healthcare

  19. An Optimizing Algorithm for Automating Lifecycle Assembly Processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, R.G.; Calton, T.L.

    1998-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Designing products for ~ assembly and disassembly during its entire Iifecycle for purposes including service, field repair, upgrade, and disposal is a process that involves many disciplines. In additiou finding the best solution often involves considering the design as a whole and by considering its intended Iifecycle. DifFerent goals and cortstmints (compared to initial assembly) require us to re-visit the significant fi,mdamental assumptions and methods that underlie current assembly planning techniques. Previous work in this area has been limited to either academic studies of assembly planning or applied studies of lifecycle assembly processes, which give no attention to automatic planning. It is believed that merging these two areas will result in a much greater ability to design for, analyze, and optimize the disassembly and assembly processes.

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - anchor markers link Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Search Sample search results for: anchor markers link Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 GENOMICS 11.806-827 (1991) Genomic Mapping by Anchoring Random Clones Summary: on an...

  1. E-Print Network 3.0 - anchored reference genetic Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sample search results for: anchored reference genetic Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 GENOMICS 11.806-827 (1991) Genomic Mapping by Anchoring Random Clones Summary: RESULTS 2.1....

  2. E-Print Network 3.0 - arf6-independent gpi-anchored protein-enriched...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in red cell membrane glycosylphosphati- dylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins... in sickle cell anemia, contain GPI-anchored proteins (12) as well as A, B, and Rh blood group...

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - anchor plates Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    search results for: anchor plates Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 SURFACE-MICROMACHINED BEAMS WITHOUT SPRING EFFECT OF ANCHOR STEP-UP Summary: SURFACE-MICROMACHINED BEAMS WITHOUT...

  4. Numerical Methods in Offshore Geotechnics: Applications to Submarine Landslides and Anchor Plates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nouri, Hamid Reza

    2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    combined shear and torsion. Plate anchors are increasingly being used instead of typical foundation systems to anchor offshore floating platforms to sustain uplift operating forces. However extreme loading cases would create general loading conditions...

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - anchor piles Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    KEYWORDS 762009 Aerospace Structures Summary: KEYWORDS 762009 Aerospace Structures Aging Airplanes Airports Anchors & Anchorages Assessment... Offshore Engineering Offshore...

  6. Anchored Interactive Learning Environments Department of Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -based environments facilitate sustained learning by active learners. The design and implementation of Adventure-assisted instruction designed to facilitate generative and sustained learning in an interactive multi-media environmentAnchored Interactive Learning Environments Thad Crews Department of Computer Science Western

  7. Turn-of-the-nut tightening of anchor bolts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Jason Halbert

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    progressive tightening tests were performed in order to monitor the stress ranges occurring in the bolt at various locations of interest at various degrees of turn-of-the-nut tightness. Tests were performed on six diameters of anchor bolt ranging from 1 to 2...

  8. R326 Dispatch Nuclear migration: Cortical anchors for cytoplasmic dynein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    dynein, and provide a critical link in understanding the basis of nuclear migration in yeast. The nuclearR326 Dispatch Nuclear migration: Cortical anchors for cytoplasmic dynein Kerry Bloom Nuclear body that rolls around at random inside the sack of a eukaryotic cell. Controlled nuclear movements

  9. ORTHOGONALLY ANCHORED BLIND INTERFERENCE SUPPRESSION USING THE SATO COST CRITERION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honig, Michael L.

    by a stochastic gradient algorithm based on this approach is significantly greater than that pro- duced by the LMS. The orthogonally anchored Sato cost function leads to a stochastic gradient algorithm that performs significantly of received sam- ples corresponding to the ith transmitted bit at

  10. Corporate Governance & The UK Split Capital Investment Trust Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Andrew T; Angus, Robin

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of corporate governance issues. This paper draws on the results of a survey of investment trust directors and other investment professionals connected with the investment trust industry to examine the lessons to be learned from the crisis. The regulatory...

  11. Establishing End to End Trust By Scott Charney*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Phil

    Establishing End to End Trust By Scott Charney* Corporate Vice President Trustworthy Computing herein may be the trademarks of their respective owners. #12;Contents I. Introduction ......................................................................................................................13 E. Trusted Data

  12. Welcome trust finance plc annual report and financial statements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Welcome trust finance plc annual report and financial statements 2007 company number 5857955 #12 of the Directors the Directors of Wellcome trust Finance plc (the "Company") present their report and the audited

  13. Lifecycle Environments: A Retrospective View of the Contributions of Leon J.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Lifecycle Environments: A Retrospective View of the Contributions of Leon J. Osterweil Lori A@cs.umass.edu Abstract Throughout his career, Leon Osterweil has made significant contribu- tions that have impacted

  14. Life-Cycle Greenhouse Gas and Energy Analyses of Algae Biofuels Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Life-Cycle Greenhouse Gas and Energy Analyses of Algae Biofuels Production Transportation Energy The Issue Algae biofuels directly address the Energy Commission's Public Interest Energy Research fuels more carbonintensive than conventional biofuels. Critics of this study argue that alternative

  15. An Experimental Methodology to Evaluate Concept Generation Procedures Based on Quantitative Lifecycle Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardin, Michel-Alexandre

    This study presents an experimental methodology to measure how concept generation procedures can affect the anticipated lifecycle performance of engineering systems design concepts. The methodology is based on objective ...

  16. Life-Cycle Cost Analysis Highlights Hydrogen's Potential for Electrical Energy Storage (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet describes NREL's accomplishments in analyzing life-cycle costs for hydrogen storage in comparison with other energy storage technologies. Work was performed by the Hydrogen Technologies and Systems Center.

  17. Life-Cycle Water Impacts of U.S. Transportation Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scown, Corinne Donahue

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    144 Figure 63: Impact of Hydroelectricity on the Life-Cycle157 Figure 64: Impact of Hydroelectricity on the Water68 Table 14: Hydroelectricity-Related FWSE (Data Source: (

  18. Electric and Gasoline Vehicle Lifecycle Cost and Energy-Use Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark; Burke, Andy; Lipman, Timothy; Miller, Marshall

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    147 Lifecycle cost (break-even gasoline price): base-casegrease. 37B part: Fuel Gasoline, for the conventional ICEVs.BTU-from-battery to mi/BTU-gasoline. C OST SUMMARY (F ORD T

  19. Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of LED Lighting Products

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This March 28, 2013 webcast reviewed DOE's recently completed three-part study of the life-cycle energy and environmental impacts of LED lighting products relative to incandescent and CFL...

  20. Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    NISTIR 85-3273-29 Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis - 2014 Annual Supplement to NIST Handbook 135 Amy S. Rushing Joshua D. Kneifel Priya...

  1. Lifecycle Energy Management in the Tohoku Electric Power headquarters building-APCBC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuzawa, H.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lifecycle Energy Management in the Tohoku Electric Power Company Head Office Building Hideki Yuzawa (NIKKEN SEKKEI Research Institute) Takeshi Kondo (NIKKEN SEKKEI Research Institute) Shinji Okuda (Tohoku Electric Power) APCBC presentation...th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Beijing, China, September 14-17, 2014 ICEBO2014 NSRI Hideki Yuzawa ?2014 yuzawa@nikken.jp Passion for sustainable cities 4 What is Lifecycle energy management ? 4 #1 Defined the energy...

  2. Alternative water sources: Desalination model provides life-cycle costs of facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supercinski, Danielle

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Story by Danielle Supercinski tx H2O | pg. 8 Alternative water sourcees Desalination model provides life-cycle costs of facility platform and design standards as DESAL ECONOMICS?, but created to analyze con- ventional surface water treatment... to determine the economic and financial life-cycle costs of building and operating four water treatment facilities in South Texas. One facility was the Southmost Regional Water Authority Regional Desalination Plant near Brownsville. Sturdi- vant said...

  3. A study of English primary care trusts Research report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    Setting priorities in health A study of English primary care trusts Research report Suzanne priorities in health: a study of English primary care trusts Contents List of figures and tables 4 Glossary 6 priorities in health: a study of English primary care trusts 3. Priority setting: the national picture 21

  4. CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to RCUK Large Facilities Roadmap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to RCUK Large Facilities Roadmap December 2007 Page 1 of 4 RCUK Large Facilities Roadmap Response by the Wellcome Trust December 2007 1. The Wellcome Trust is pleased to have the opportunity to feed into the process of prioritising the RCUK Large Facilities Roadmap

  5. Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Squicciarini, Anna Cinzia

    Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust http://cybersecurity.ist.psu.edu Dr. Peng Liu, Director cai@ist.psu.edu Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust 16802-6822 The Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust, aka Lions Center

  6. Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giles, C. Lee

    Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust http://cybersecurity.ist.psu.edu Dr. Peng Liu, Director pliu@ist.psu.edu Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust 16802-6822 The Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust, aka Lions Center

  7. Private Information Retrieval Using Trusted Hardware

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Institute for Infocomm Research, Singapore baofeng@i2r.a-star.edu.sg Abstract. Many theoretical PIR (Private and computation complexity. The re- cent trend in outsourcing databases fuels the research on practical PIR schemes. In this paper, we propose a new PIR system by making use of trusted hardware. Our system

  8. Closing the Gap: Using the Clean Air Act to Control Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Energy Facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hagan, Colin R.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    out that EPA used an emissions trading program to controlsuggested that an emissions trading system could qualify asTO MANAGE LIFECYCLE GHG emissions trading system would also

  9. Life-cycle analysis of alternative aviation fuels in GREET

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elgowainy, A.; Han, J.; Wang, M.; Carter, N.; Stratton, R.; Hileman, J.; Malwitz, A.; Balasubramanian, S. (Energy Systems)

    2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model, developed at Argonne National Laboratory, has been expanded to include well-to-wake (WTWa) analysis of aviation fuels and aircraft. This report documents the key WTWa stages and assumptions for fuels that represent alternatives to petroleum jet fuel. The aviation module in GREET consists of three spreadsheets that present detailed characterizations of well-to-pump and pump-to-wake parameters and WTWa results. By using the expanded GREET version (GREET1{_}2011), we estimate WTWa results for energy use (total, fossil, and petroleum energy) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide) for (1) each unit of energy (lower heating value) consumed by the aircraft or (2) each unit of distance traveled/ payload carried by the aircraft. The fuel pathways considered in this analysis include petroleum-based jet fuel from conventional and unconventional sources (i.e., oil sands); Fisher-Tropsch (FT) jet fuel from natural gas, coal, and biomass; bio-jet fuel from fast pyrolysis of cellulosic biomass; and bio-jet fuel from vegetable and algal oils, which falls under the American Society for Testing and Materials category of hydroprocessed esters and fatty acids. For aircraft operation, we considered six passenger aircraft classes and four freight aircraft classes in this analysis. Our analysis revealed that, depending on the feedstock source, the fuel conversion technology, and the allocation or displacement credit methodology applied to co-products, alternative bio-jet fuel pathways have the potential to reduce life-cycle GHG emissions by 55-85 percent compared with conventional (petroleum-based) jet fuel. Although producing FT jet fuel from fossil feedstock sources - such as natural gas and coal - could greatly reduce dependence on crude oil, production from such sources (especially coal) produces greater WTWa GHG emissions compared with petroleum jet fuel production unless carbon management practices, such as carbon capture and storage, are used.

  10. Life-cycle framework for assessment of site remediation options: Method and generic survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diamond, M.L.; Page, C.A. [Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Geography; Campbell, M. [Toronto Public Health, North York, Ontario (Canada); McKenna, S. [City of Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Community and Neighbourhood Services; Lall, R. [R. Addison Lall and Associates, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To address burdens associated with contaminated sites and issuing from remediation activities, a life-cycle framework (LCF) was developed, including an approach based on life-cycle management (LCM) and an adaptation of life-cycle assessment (LCA). Intended for application to a wide range of remediation options, the objective of the LCF is to broaden consideration of potential impacts beyond the contaminated site and over a prolonged time frame. The LCM approach is a qualitative method for investigating remediation activities from a life-cycle perspective. This adaptation of the more rigorous, quantitative LCA method has involved specifying appropriate life-cycle stages, a long-term time horizon, a spatial boundary encompassing the contaminated site and other affected locations, a process boundary containing the contaminated soil, and an impact assessment method that considers site- and process-related metrics. To assess the suitability of LCM as a decision-making tool, six generic site remediation options were investigated: no action, encapsulation, excavation and disposal, vapor extraction, in situ bioremediation, and soil washing. The analysis exemplified tradeoffs between the streamlined LCM, and comprehensive, quantitative LCA approaches, and highlighted potential environmental and human health impacts arising from the six technologies investigated.

  11. Life-cycle assessments: Linking energy, economics, and the environment. Paper No. 571

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shankle, S.A.

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Pacific Northwest Laboratory has been involved in a number of life-cycle assessment (LCA) projects that assess the complete lifetime energy, economic, and environmental impacts of alternative technology options. Life-cycle assessments offer one-stop shopping answers to the total energy and environmental implications of alternative technologies, as well as providing employment and income consequences. In one recently completed study, the lifetime impacts of scenarios involving the production and use of biomass ethanol transportation fuels were assessed. In an ongoing study, the lifetime impacts of electric-powered vehicles versus conventional fuels are being assessed. In a proposed study, the impacts of recycled office paper versus office paper from virgin sources would be assessed. A LCA proceeds by developing mass and energy inventories during all phases of the life-cycle. Special attention is given to energy consumption and environmental releases. Economics are incorporated by evaluating the macroeconomic impacts of the alternative policies, such as employment, wages, and output. Economics can also be incorporated by attempting to place values on the damages imposed by the environmental releases associated with alternative scenarios. This paper discusses life-cycle assessment techniques and their application to building energy issues. Life-cycle assessments show great promise for analysis of buildings energy policy questions.

  12. Life-Cycle Energy Demand of Computational Logic:From High-Performance 32nm CPU to Ultra-Low-Power 130nm MCU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bol, David; Boyd, Sarah; Dornfeld, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Boyd et al. : Life-cycle energy demand and global warmingLife-Cycle Energy Demand of Computational Logic: From High-to assess the life-cycle energy demand of its products for

  13. Life-Cycle Energy Demand of Computational Logic: From High-Performance 32nm CPU to Ultra-Low-Power 130nm MCU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bol, David; Boyd, Sarah; Dornfeld, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Boyd et al. : Life-cycle energy demand and global warmingLife-Cycle Energy Demand of Computational Logic: From High-to assess the life-cycle energy demand of its products for

  14. Use of life-cycle costing in the development of standards. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Underwood, J.M.

    1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis set out to determine how, and to what extent, life-cycle costing is used in the development of voluntary consensus standards. It explains how several organizations in the commercial sector develop voluntary standards. Among these organizations was ASHRAE, who is currently developing a standard based on life-cycle costing. Standard 90.2 Energy Efficient Design of New Low-Rise Residential Buildings prescribes the insulation values for the envelope of a building. The economic methodology was based on marginal analysis by considering an upgraded construction component and then determining the incremental energy-cost savings to the incremental modification costs over a specified life-cycle period. Questions arose concerning the economic assumptions used in developing the standard. It is recommended that an impact study be performed to evaluate the cost-estimating techniques and the basic economic assumptions.

  15. Dataset Lifecycle Policy Development & Implementation at the PO.DAAC AGU Paper Number: IN53C-1579

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    Dataset Lifecycle Policy Development & Implementation at the PO.DAAC AGU Paper Number: IN53C-1579 Dataset Lifecycle Policy Development & Implementation at the PO.DAAC National Aeronautics and Space Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology II. Dataset

  16. World Conference on Photovoltaic Conversion, Hawaii, May 8-12, 2006 QUANTIFYING THE LIFE-CYCLE ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PHOTOVOLTAICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEEE 4 th World Conference on Photovoltaic Conversion, Hawaii, May 8-12, 2006 QUANTIFYING THE LIFE-CYCLE ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PHOTOVOLTAICS AND COMPARISONS WITH OTHER ELECTRICITY-GENERATING TECHNOLOGIES V and Australian studies portrayed photovoltaic systems as causing significant life-cycle environmental and health

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - anchors mooring devices Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    April 17, 2008 It is anticipated that future nanoelectronic devices will utilize carbon... -), on CNT. We find that all four anchors enhance the interfacial mechanical...

  18. The history and development of English anchors ca. 1550- to 1850

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jobling, Harold James Williamson

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . This was an extremely large anchor for the time period. It was made up of four blooms welded together, one for the stock and one each for the shank Figure 1. Nemi anchor (after Speziale, 1931: 314). and two arms. The curved sections of the arms were well proportioned... Doorninck, 1982: 130). 15 wear suggesting that fiber cables had been used. One of the anchors, weighing approximately 79 kg, was made of eighteen pieces of iron welded together, with an average bloom weight of 4. 4 kg. None of these anchors had a crown...

  19. E-Print Network 3.0 - anchors structural connectors Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    results for: anchors structural connectors Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Project Summary Report 0-4176-S PROJECTSUMMARYREPORT CENTER FOR TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH Summary: Requirements...

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - anchored retaining wall Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of soil. The period of maximum swelling occurs... to volumetric changes of shallow soils. In both cases changes in soil volume were measured with anchor systems......

  1. On fast trust region methods for quadratic models with linear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    employs conjugate gradients with termination at the trust region boundary. In particular, we ... An extension to the conjugate gradient method for searching round.

  2. ITERATIVE METHODS FOR FINDING A TRUST-REGION STEP? 1 ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    computed by applying the conjugate-gradient method to a positive-definite ... Large-scale unconstrained optimization, trust-region methods, conjugate-

  3. City of Pittsburgh Implementation Model: Green Initiatives Trust...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    City of Pittsburgh implementation model, Green initiatives trust fund. Author: U. S. Department of Energy City of Pittsburgh Implementation Model Website More Documents &...

  4. Weekly Address: Time to Create the Energy Security Trust | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    approach to American energy -- including a proposal to establish an Energy Security Trust, which invests in research that will help shift our cars and trucks off of...

  5. The Role of Modeling in Clinical Information System Development Life-Cycle Mor Peleg, Department of Information Systems, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peleg, Mor

    The Role of Modeling in Clinical Information System Development Life-Cycle Mor Peleg, Department different stake holders. Conceptual modeling can play important roles in the development life-cycle. If these requirements are identified early in the development life-cycle then it is easier and more cost

  6. Interpersonal Action Across Organizational Boundaries: Threat and Trust in the Context of Social Network Diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Michele

    2003-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This article integrates strategic factors influencing trust with social contextual factors to create a broader understanding of interpersonal trust across organizational boundaries. ...

  7. Who do you trust? Information Sharing, Privacy Concerns and Trust in an online Social Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Islam, M. Saif

    Avinash P. Nayak* , Raissa M. D`Souza+ * Department of Chemical Engineering and Material Science + Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering University of California, Davis Davis, United States of a popular social network site, Facebook, which measured perceptions of trust, privacy concerns

  8. The Chicago Center for Green Technology: life-cycle assessment of a brownfield redevelopment project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Online at stacks.iop.org/ERL/8/015038 Abstract The sustainable development of brownfields reflects and photovoltaic) on-site and the use of more sustainable building products resulted in 72 terajoules (TJ: sustainable brownfield development, life-cycle assessment, built environment, embodied energy, cumulative

  9. CEC-500-2010-FS-XXX Life-Cycle Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CEC-500-2010-FS-XXX Life-Cycle Energy Assessment of Smart Growth Strategies TRANSPORTATION ENERGY growth strategies at reducing energy use, greenhouse gas emissions, and criteria pollutants remains. An analysis of local planning and policy options for reducing embedded energy in the transport system

  10. A review of battery life-cycle analysis : state of knowledge and critical needs.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, J. L.; Gaines, L.; Energy Systems

    2010-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A literature review and evaluation has been conducted on cradle-to-gate life-cycle inventory studies of lead-acid, nickel-cadmium, nickel-metal hydride, sodium-sulfur, and lithium-ion battery technologies. Data were sought that represent the production of battery constituent materials and battery manufacture and assembly. Life-cycle production data for many battery materials are available and usable, though some need updating. For the remaining battery materials, lifecycle data either are nonexistent or, in some cases, in need of updating. Although battery manufacturing processes have occasionally been well described, detailed quantitative information on energy and material flows is missing. For all but the lithium-ion batteries, enough constituent material production energy data are available to approximate material production energies for the batteries, though improved input data for some materials are needed. Due to the potential benefit of battery recycling and a scarcity of associated data, there is a critical need for life-cycle data on battery material recycling. Either on a per kilogram or per watt-hour capacity basis, lead-acid batteries have the lowest production energy, carbon dioxide emissions, and criteria pollutant emissions. Some process-related emissions are also reviewed in this report.

  11. CURATION AND PRESERVATION OF CAD ENGINEERING MODELS IN PRODUCT LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    purchased as services rather than artefacts. For engineering companies, this shift entails a commitment practices. This business model is applicable in the engineering, manufacturing, contracting and serviceCURATION AND PRESERVATION OF CAD ENGINEERING MODELS IN PRODUCT LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT M. Patel a , A

  12. A review of life-cycle analysis studies on liquid biofuel systems for the transport sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    "Advanced" (or second generation) biofuels Bioethanol (E100, E85, E10, ETBE) from lignocellu- losicA review of life-cycle analysis studies on liquid biofuel systems for the transport sector Eric D interest in biofuels for climate change mitigation. This article reviews the rich literature of published

  13. Valuation of plug-in vehicle life-cycle air emissions and oil displacement benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalek, Jeremy J.

    potential of plug-in vehicles remains small compared to ownership cost. As such, to offer a socially efficient approach to emissions and oil consumption reduction, lifetime cost of plug-in vehicles mustValuation of plug-in vehicle life-cycle air emissions and oil displacement benefits Jeremy J

  14. Life-Cycle Cost Study for a Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility in Texas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    B. C. Rogers; P. L. Walter (Rogers and Associates Engineering Corporation); R. D. Baird

    1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the life-cycle cost estimates for a proposed low-level radioactive waste disposal facility near Sierra Blanca, Texas. The work was requested by the Texas Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Authority and performed by the National Low-Level Waste Management Program with the assistance of Rogers and Associates Engineering Corporation.

  15. Project Information Form Project Title Reduction of Lifecycle Green House Gas Emissions From Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Project Information Form Project Title Reduction of Lifecycle Green House Gas Emissions From Road@ucdavis.edu Funding Source(s) and Amounts Provided (by each agency or organization) US DOT $30,000 Total Project Cost Brief Description of Research Project This white paper will summarize the state of knowledge and state

  16. MANAGING SHORT-LIFECYCLE TECHNOLOGY PRODUCTS FOR AGERE S. David Wu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, David

    characterization tools for capacity planning and capacity negotiation with their global supply partners with correlation values ranging from 0.51 to 0.95. These findings have significant implications to capacity classification: 1. An Overview of Short-Lifecycle Technology Markets In the mid to late 1990's, high- tech

  17. TOWARDS LIFE-CYCLE MANAGEMENT OF WIND TURBINES BASED ON STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    TOWARDS LIFE-CYCLE MANAGEMENT OF WIND TURBINES BASED ON STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING K. Smarsly1) strategies can enable wind turbine manufacturers, owners, and operators to precisely schedule maintenance behavior of wind turbines and to reduce (epistemic) uncertainty. Both the resistance parameters

  18. Basic and Applied Ecology 12 (2011) 540551 Microclimate and habitat heterogeneity through the oil palm lifecycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Whendee

    Abstract The rapid expansion of oil palm cultivation and corresponding deforestation has invoked widespread addresses how habitat characteristics change when (1) forest is converted to oil palm, or (2) through the dynamic 25­30-year oil palm lifecycle. These two questions are fundamental to understanding how

  19. Project Information Form Project Title The Development of Lifecycle Data for Hydrogen Fuel Production and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    fuel providers to meet annual carbon intensity targets. These targets are based on carbon intensityProject Information Form Project Title The Development of Lifecycle Data for Hydrogen Fuel or organization) ARB $250,000 Total Project Cost $250,000 Agency ID or Contract Number DTRT13-G-UTC29 Start

  20. Supporting the Full BPM Life-Cycle Using Process Mining and Intelligent Redesign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Supporting the Full BPM Life-Cycle Using Process Mining and Intelligent Redesign Wil M.P. van der.aalst,m.netjes,h.a.reijers@tm.tue.nl Abstract. Business Process Management (BPM) systems provide a broad range of facilities to enact and manage operational business processes. Ideally, these systems should provide support for the complete BPM life

  1. Carbon Trust CECIC JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBostonFacility | OpenCarboPur Technologies JumpJungle JumpLLCCarbon Trust

  2. Light-induced Anchoring Evolution in Nematic Phase of Liquid Crystal Doped with Azo-dye

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reznikov, Yuri

    Light-induced Anchoring Evolution in Nematic Phase of Liquid Crystal Doped with Azo-dye D of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine We report an experimental study of light-induced anchoring evolution of azo-dye=desorption of dye molecules on=from the boundary polymer aligning layer in the presence of light-induced bulk torque

  3. Large New Bookstore, with New Vendor, to Anchor University Date: 6/16/2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    Large New Bookstore, with New Vendor, to Anchor University Crossing Date: 6/16/2011 From: Patricia McCafferty To: Students, Faculty/Staff Subject: Large New Bookstore, with New Vendor, to Anchor University Crossing Message: With the naming of a new bookstore vendor and the purchase this year

  4. Combining rails and anchors with laser forcing for selective manipulation within 2D droplet arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    demonstrate the combination of a rails and anchors microfluidic system with laser forcing to enable to anchor holes made in the base of a microfluidic channel, enabling the creation of arrays their merging and a chemical reaction to take place. Finally by adding guiding rails within the microfluidic

  5. Vertically Loaded Anchor: Drag Coefficient, Fall Velocity, and Penetration Depth using Laboratory Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cenac, William

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    anchor point. Values such as drag coefficient and terminal velocity are vital in predicting embedment depth to obtain the mooring capacity required by the floating facility. Two scaled models of the Mark I OMNI-Max anchor were subjected to a series...

  6. Wellcome Trust CONSULTATION RESPONSE Ofqual: A level Reform Consultation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Wellcome Trust CONSULTATION RESPONSE Ofqual: A level Reform Consultation September 2012 1 Ofqual: A Level Reform Consultation Response by the Wellcome Trust September 2012 Key Points National Subject to university. We are therefore pleased to respond to this consultation on reforming A levels. Our comments

  7. DIUS Science and Society Consultation Response from the Wellcome Trust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    DIUS Science and Society Consultation Response from the Wellcome Trust December 2007 1) informal consultation on science and society. The Wellcome Trust is the largest charity in the UK which biomedical science can flourish' and is one of the major funders of public engagement activities

  8. Establishing and Sustaining System Integrity via Root of Trust Installation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDaniel, Patrick Drew

    integrity. The TPM-based integrity measurement approaches are effective for measuring well-known, staticEstablishing and Sustaining System Integrity via Root of Trust Installation Abstract Integrity the management of a system's integrity, we propose a Root of Trust Installation (ROTI) as a foundation for high

  9. Trust Model for Security Automation Data 1.0 (TMSAD)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trust Model for Security Automation Data 1.0 (TMSAD) HaroldBooth AdamHalbardier NIST Interagency Report 7802 #12;NIST Interagency Report 7802 Trust Model for Security Automation Data 1.0 (TMSAD) Harold FOR SECURITY AUTOMATION DATA 1.0 (TMSAD) iii Reports on Computer Systems Technology The Information Technology

  10. Participant Name:_____________________________ Canadian Access Federation: Trust Assertion Document (TAD)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    (TAD) 1. Purpose A fundamental requirement of Participants in the Canadian Access Federation Access Federation: Trust Assertion Document (TAD) CANARIE Inc. - Canadian Access Federation Service Page Greg.Condon@unbc.ca (250) 960-5289 #12;Canadian Access Federation: Trust Assertion Document (TAD

  11. CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Sustainable Food

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Sustainable Food March 2011 Page 1 of 2 House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee: Sustainable Food Inquiry Response by the Wellcome Trust March 2011 solutions for the production of healthy and sustainable food. As a research funder dedicated to improving

  12. Participant Name: McGill University Canadian Access Federation: Trust Assertion Document (TAD)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoubridge, Eric

    Participant Name: McGill University Canadian Access Federation: Trust Assertion Document (TAD) 1-to-date Trust Assertion Document. #12; Canadian Access Federation: Trust Assertion Document (TAD) CANARIE Inc Federation: Trust Assertion Document (TAD) CANARIE Inc. - Canadian Access Federation Service Page 3 of 8

  13. CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Copyright in the Knowledge Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Copyright in the Knowledge Economy Wellcome Trust response to Copyright in the Knowledge Economy November 2008 Page 1 of 8 European Commission: Copyright in the Knowledge Economy Response by the Wellcome Trust November 2008 1. The Wellcome Trust is pleased to have

  14. Closing the Gap: Using the Clean Air Act to Control Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Energy Facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hagan, Colin R.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gas emissions from conven- tional power sources like coal.total emissions from coal- or natural gas-fired power plantsemissions, the lifecycle for natural gas power production is more complicated than that of coal.

  15. Trust Management Considerations For the Cooperative Infrastructure Defense Framework: Trust Relationships, Evidence, and Decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maiden, Wendy M.

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cooperative Infrastructure Defense (CID) is a hierarchical, agent-based, adaptive, cyber-security framework designed to collaboratively protect multiple enclaves or organizations participating in a complex infrastructure. CID employs a swarm of lightweight, mobile agents called Sensors designed to roam hosts throughout a security enclave to find indications of anomalies and report them to host-based Sentinels. The Sensors findings become pieces of a larger puzzle, which the Sentinel puts together to determine the problem and respond per policy as given by the enclave-level Sergeant agent. Horizontally across multiple enclaves and vertically within each enclave, authentication and access control technologies are necessary but insufficient authorization mechanisms to ensure that CID agents continue to fulfill their roles in a trustworthy manner. Trust management fills the gap, providing mechanisms to detect malicious agents and offering more robust mechanisms for authorization. This paper identifies the trust relationships throughout the CID hierarchy, the types of trust evidence that could be gathered, and the actions that the CID system could take if an entity is determined to be untrustworthy.

  16. Building Stakeholder Trust: Defensible Government Decisions - 13110

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Franklin, Victor A. [Savannah River Remediation LLC, Bldg. 705-1C, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River Remediation LLC, Bldg. 705-1C, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Administrative decisions must be grounded in reasonable expectations, founded on sound principles, and bounded by societal norms. Without these first principles, attaining and retaining public trust is a Herculean task. Decisions made by governmental administrators must be both transparent and defensible: without the former the agency will lose the public's trust and support (possibly prompting a legal challenge to the decision) and without the latter the decision may fail to withstand judicial scrutiny. This presentation and accompanying paper delves into the process by which governmental decisions can achieve both defensibility and openness through building stakeholder trust with transparency. Achieving and maintaining stakeholder trust is crucial, especially in the environs of nuclear waste management. Proving confidence, stability, and security to the surrounding citizenry as well as those throughout the country is the goal of governmental nuclear waste remediation. Guiding administrative decision-making processes and maintaining a broad bandwidth of communication are of incalculable importance to all those charged with serving the public, but are especially essential to those whose decisional impacts will be felt for millennia. A strong, clear, and concise administrative record documenting discrete decisions and overarching policy choices is the strongest defense to a decisional challenge. However, this can be accomplished using transparency as the fundamental building block. This documentation allows the decision-makers to demonstrate the synthesis of legal and technical challenges and fortifies the ground from which challenges will be defended when necessary. Further, administrative actions which capture the public's interest and captivate that interest throughout the process will result in a better-informed, more deeply-involved, and more heavily-invested group of interested parties. Management of information, involvement, and investment on the front-end of the process reaps rewards far more efficiently than attempts to assuage and mitigate the concerns of those parties after the fact and there are a number of tools Savannah River Remediation (SRR) has deployed that render transparency an ally in this context. The makers, applicators, and beneficiaries of policies and decisions will all benefit from strong administrative records which document decisional choices in an open and transparent manner and from timely, up-front management of concerns of interested parties. The strongest defense to decisional challenges is an ability to demonstrate the basis of the decision and the reason(s) that the decision was chosen over other alternatives. Providing a sound basis for defending challenges rather than avoiding or fighting over them allows the deciding entity the greatest opportunity to produce value for its customer. Often, a transparent process that invites public participation and is open for public review and comment will thwart challenge genesis. An entity that has to devote resources to defending its choices obviously cannot utilize those resources to further its mission. (authors)

  17. Wind load and life-cycle testing of second generation heliostats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rorke, W.S. Jr.

    1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As technical manager of the Second Generation Heliostat development contracts for the Department of Energy, Sandia National Laboratories has evaluated four heliostat designs. The evaluation of the heliostats included the life-cycling and simulated wind load testing of prototype heliostats and foundations. All of the heliostats had minor problems during this testing; as a result, specific design improvements were identified for each drive mechanism and for two of the four foundations.

  18. Effect of cumulative seismic damage and corrosion on life-cycle cost of reinforced concrete bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Ramesh

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Mauricio Sanchez-Silva Colleen Murphy Head of Department, David Rosowsky December 2007 Major Subject: Civil Engineering iii ABSTRACT Effect of Cumulative Seismic Damage and Corrosion on Life-Cycle Cost.... Paolo Gardoni for his technical guidance and for helping with financial support during my study period. I thank Dr. Mauricio Sanchez-Silva for helping me at all stages with his promptness to clear my doubts anytime I approached him. I acknowledge...

  19. Life-cycle energy analyses of electric vehicle storage batteries. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, D; Morse, T; Patel, P; Patel, S; Bondar, J; Taylor, L

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of several life-cycle energy analyses of prospective electric vehicle batteries are presented. The batteries analyzed were: Nickel-zinc; Lead-acid; Nickel-iron; Zinc-chlorine; Sodium-sulfur (glass electrolyte); Sodium-sulfur (ceramic electrolyte); Lithium-metal sulfide; and Aluminum-air. A life-cycle energy analysis consists of evaluating the energy use of all phases of the battery's life, including the energy to build it, operate it, and any credits that may result from recycling of the materials in it. The analysis is based on the determination of three major energy components in the battery life cycle: Investment energy, i.e., The energy used to produce raw materials and to manufacture the battery; operational energy i.e., The energy consumed by the battery during its operational life. In the case of an electric vehicle battery, this energy is the energy required (as delivered to the vehicle's charging circuit) to power the vehicle for 100,000 miles; and recycling credit, i.e., The energy that could be saved from the recycling of battery materials into new raw materials. The value of the life-cycle analysis approach is that it includes the various penalties and credits associated with battery production and recycling, which enables a more accurate determination of the system's ability to reduce the consumption of scarce fuels. The analysis of the life-cycle energy requirements consists of identifying the materials from which each battery is made, evaluating the energy needed to produce these materials, evaluating the operational energy requirements, and evaluating the amount of materials that could be recycled and the energy that would be saved through recycling. Detailed descriptions of battery component materials, the energy requirements for battery production, and credits for recycling, and the operational energy for an electric vehicle, and the procedures used to determine it are discussed.

  20. Optimization Online - On fast trust region methods for quadratic ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M.J.D. Powell

    2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Aug 29, 2014 ... Trust region methods include a bound of the form ||x_{k+1}-x_k|| .leq. ... Conjugate gradient and Krylov subspace methods are addressed for...

  1. War Signals: A Theory of Trade, Trust and Conflict

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohner, Dominic; Thoenig, Mathias; Zilibotti, Fabrizio

    2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    business relationships, cooperation in agricultural production associations and mixed rotating savings groups involving both Hutus and Tutsis (Ingelaere, 2007; Pinchotti and Verwimp, 2007). Survey data indicate that trust plunged as of October 1990, after...

  2. Trust based app marketing : design, implementation and evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hon, Keone D. (Keone David)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A trust-based marketing application is a web or mobile app which provides a utility to the consumer that is not directly linked to purchasing products or services from the company. In this thesis, I explore the efficacy ...

  3. Cryptographic Trust Management Requirements Specification: Version 1.1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edgar, Thomas W.

    2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Cryptographic Trust Management (CTM) Project is being developed for Department of Energy, OE-10 by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). It is a component project of the NSTB Control Systems Security R&D Program.

  4. Automated Validation of Trusted Digital Repository Assessment Criteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, MacKenzie

    The RLG/NARA trusted digital repository (TDR) certification checklist defines a set of assessment criteria for preservation environments. The criteria can be mapped into data management policies that define how a digital ...

  5. MAINE MULTIFAMILY BUILDING OWNERS TRUST IN EFFICIENCY | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MAINE MULTIFAMILY BUILDING OWNERS TRUST IN EFFICIENCY Nearly 70% of households in Maine rely on fuel oil as their primary energy source for home heating, more than any other state....

  6. GL Report BU 355 CRSP CONSTRUCTION, TRUST, REIMBURSABLE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CONSTRUCTION, TRUST, REIMBURSABLE ( IN THOUSANDS) BUDGET FY 10 FY 11 FY 12 FY 13 FY 14 TOTAL ACTIVITY ACTUALS ACTUALS ACTUALS ACTUALS BUDGET OBS EXPEND OBS OCT NOV DEC JAN FEB MAR...

  7. The state of the left-bank anchor reinforcement of the Chirkeiskaya hydrosystem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abakarov, A. R.; Durcheeva, V. N.; Mayorova, M. A

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The state of reinforcement anchors after 30 years of service at the hydroelectric power plant is described, and tension variations in the bars placed in adits caused by high humidity, breaking of welds, seismic, etc. are analyzed.

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - anchored dna substrates Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    show... that the binding of the -domain to DNA is not required for anchoring to DNA, as looping is still observed for Fts... in the new DNA tether (Supplementary ... Source:...

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - anchored sheet pile Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    methodology is demonstrated on anchored sheet pile walls in a flood defence system in the Thames... process 12;507 Figure 3. ... Source: van Gelder, Pieter - Faculty of Civil...

  10. Archaeometallurgical investigation of the iron anchor from the Tantura F shipwreck

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aronson, A. [Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv 69978 (Israel); Ashkenazi, D., E-mail: dana@eng.tau.ac.il [Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv 69978 (Israel); Barkai, O.; Kahanov, Y. [Leon Recanati Institute for Maritime Studies, University of Haifa, Haifa 31905 (Israel)

    2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Tantura F shipwreck was a coaster or a fishing vessel about 15.7 m long, discovered in the Dor/Tantura lagoon, Israel in 1995. It was dated to between the mid-7th and the end of the 8th centuries CE. Among the finds excavated were two T-shaped type iron anchors. Of the two anchors, one (anchor A) was thoroughly studied by archaeometallurgical methods in order to identify forge-welding lines, to determine the welding quality and to understand the manufacturing technology. The examinations included X-ray radiography, XRF analysis, optical microscopy, SEM/EDS observation and analysis, OES analysis and microhardness tests. The investigation included characterization of the composition, microstructure, thermal treatments, forge-welding junctions and slag analysis. The results revealed a heterogeneous microstructure, rich in glassy, fayalite and wstite slag. Iron based phases included ferrite, pearlite, cementite and Widmansttten plates, all typical to wrought iron. The forge-welds of Anchor A were located. Each arm was made of one piece, weighing about 2.53 kg and the shank was made of a few 1.52 kg pieces. The second anchor (anchor B) was only briefly examined visually and with a few radiographs, which support the results from anchor A. The research results revealed significant information about T-shaped anchors and their manufacturing process, including hot-working processes without any additional heat treatments, and folding techniques. The microstructure was similar to other ancient simple tools such as saws, sickles, axes and mortise chisels, and though the technology to make complicated structures and objects, such as swords, existed at that time, the anchors did not require this sophistication; thus simpler techniques were used, presumably because they were more cost-effective. - Highlights: ? Tantura F was a coaster dated to mid-7thend-8th centuries. ? Two iron anchors were discovered at the Tantura F shipwreck-site. ? Anchor A was manufactured from heterogeneous wrought iron blooms. ? Forge-welding lines were detected using archaeometallurgical methods.

  11. Development of a genetic linkage map of comparative anchor loci for bovine chromosome 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brodigan Thomas Matthew

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DEVELOPMENT OF A GENETIC LINKAGE MAP OF COMPARATIVE ANCHOR LOCI FOR BOVINE CHROMOSOME 5 A Thesis by THOMAS MAXI HEW BRODIGAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A8 M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1998 Major Subject: Genetics DEVELOPMENT OF A GENETIC LINKAGE MAP OF COMPARATIVE ANCHOR LOCI FOR BOVINE CHROMOSOME 5 A Thesis by THOMAS MATTHEW BRODIGAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A...

  12. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation An Energy, Greenhouse Gas, and Criteria Pollutant Inventory of Rail and Air Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horvath, Arpad; Chester, Mikhail

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Selection in Life-Cycle Inventories Using Hybrid Approaches,and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses,Criteria Pollutant Inventory of Rail and Air Transportation

  13. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Life-Cycle Model of an Automobile, Environmental Science &Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail,Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail,

  14. Awards for Sabbatical Study The Oppenheimer Memorial Trust (OMT) awards a limited number of grants each year to support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awards for Sabbatical Study The Oppenheimer Memorial Trust (OMT) awards a limited number of grants with the Trust's reporting procedures. The Manager Oppenheimer Memorial Trust First Floor, No. 9 St. David's Park

  15. Principles of Faithful Execution in the implementation of trusted objects.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tarman, Thomas David; Campbell, Philip LaRoche; Pierson, Lyndon George

    2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We begin with the following definitions: Definition: A trusted volume is the computing machinery (including communication lines) within which data is assumed to be physically protected from an adversary. A trusted volume provides both integrity and privacy. Definition: Program integrity consists of the protection necessary to enable the detection of changes in the bits comprising a program as specified by the developer, for the entire time that the program is outside a trusted volume. For ease of discussion we consider program integrity to be the aggregation of two elements: instruction integrity (detection of changes in the bits within an instruction or block of instructions), and sequence integrity (detection of changes in the locations of instructions within a program). Definition: Faithful Execution (FE) is a type of software protection that begins when the software leaves the control of the developer and ends within the trusted volume of a target processor. That is, FE provides program integrity, even while the program is in execution. (As we will show below, FE schemes are a function of trusted volume size.) FE is a necessary quality for computing. Without it we cannot trust computations. In the early days of computing FE came for free since the software never left a trusted volume. At that time the execution environment was the same as the development environment. In some circles that environment was referred to as a ''closed shop:'' all of the software that was used there was developed there. When an organization bought a large computer from a vendor the organization would run its own operating system on that computer, use only its own editors, only its own compilers, only its own debuggers, and so on. However, with the continuing maturity of computing technology, FE becomes increasingly difficult to achieve

  16. The process of life-cycle cost analysis on the Fernald Environmental Management Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, D.Y.; Jacoboski, J.A.; Fisher, L.A.; Beirne, P.J.

    1993-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Estimating Services Department of the Fernald Environmental Restoration Management Corporation (FERMCO) is formalizing the process of life-cycle cost analysis (LCCA) for the Fernald Environmental Management Project (FEMP). The LCCA process is based on the concepts, principles, and guidelines described by applicable Department of Energy`s (DOE) orders, pertinent published literature, and the National Bureau of Standards handbook 135. LCC analyses will be performed following a ten-step process on the FEMP at the earliest possible decision point to support the selection of the least-cost alternatives for achieving the FERMCO mission.

  17. Guidance on Life-Cycle Cost Analysis Required by Executive Order 13123

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAX POLICIES7.pdfFuel Cell VehicleEnergyGreensburgUMTRCA Title IGuidance on Life-Cycle

  18. Lifecycle Assessment of Beijing-Area Building Energy Use and Emissions: Summary Findings and Policy Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aden, Nathaniel; Qin, Yining; Fridley, David

    2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Buildings are at the locus of three trends driving China's increased energy use and emissions: urbanization, growing personal consumption, and surging heavy industrial production. Migration to cities and urban growth create demand for new building construction. Higher levels of per-capita income and consumption drive building operational energy use with demand for higher intensity lighting, thermal comfort, and plug-load power. Demand for new buildings, infrastructure, and electricity requires heavy industrial production. In order to quantify the implications of China's ongoing urbanization, rising personal consumption, and booming heavy industrial sector, this study presents a lifecycle assessment (LCA) of the energy use and carbon emissions related to residential and commercial buildings. The purpose of the LCA model is to quantify the impact of a given building and identify policy linkages to mitigate energy demand and emissions growth related to China's new building construction. As efficiency has become a higher priority with growing energy demand, policy and academic attention to buildings has focused primarily on operational energy use. Existing studies estimate that building operational energy consumption accounts for approximately 25% of total primary energy use in China. However, buildings also require energy for mining, extracting, processing, manufacturing, and transporting materials, as well as energy for construction, maintenance, and decommissioning. Building and supporting infrastructure construction is a major driver of industry consumption--in 2008 industry accounted for 72% of total Chinese energy use. The magnitude of new building construction is large in China--in 2007, for example, total built floor area reached 58 billion square meters. During the construction boom in 2007 and 2008, more than two billion m{sup 2} of building space were added annually; China's recent construction is estimated to account for half of global construction. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) developed an integrated LCA model to capture the energy and emissions implications of all aspects of new buildings from material mining through construction, operations, and decommissioning. Over the following four sections, this report describes related existing research, the LBNL building LCA model structure and results, policy linkages of this lifecycle assessment, and conclusions and recommendations for follow-on work. The LBNL model is a first-order approach to gathering local data and applying lifecycle assessment to buildings in the Beijing area--it represents one effort among a range of established, predominantly American and European, LCA models. This report identifies the benefits, limitations, and policy applications of lifecycle assessment modeling for quantifying the energy and emissions impacts of specific residential and commercial buildings.

  19. HANFORD RIVER PROTECTION PROJECT ENHANCED MISSION PLANNING THROUGH INNOVATIVE TOOLS LIFECYCLE COST MODELING AND AQUEOUS THERMODYNAMIC MODELING - 12134

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PIERSON KL; MEINERT FL

    2012-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Two notable modeling efforts within the Hanford Tank Waste Operations Simulator (HTWOS) are currently underway to (1) increase the robustness of the underlying chemistry approximations through the development and implementation of an aqueous thermodynamic model, and (2) add enhanced planning capabilities to the HTWOS model through development and incorporation of the lifecycle cost model (LCM). Since even seemingly small changes in apparent waste composition or treatment parameters can result in large changes in quantities of high-level waste (HLW) and low-activity waste (LAW) glass, mission duration or lifecycle cost, a solubility model that more accurately depicts the phases and concentrations of constituents in tank waste is required. The LCM enables evaluation of the interactions of proposed changes on lifecycle mission costs, which is critical for decision makers.

  20. Determinants and Role of Trust in E-Business: A Large Scale Empirical Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sultan, Fareena

    2003-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This research investigates the determinants and role of consumer trust in e-business. It examines consumer perceptions of trust in a Web site and addresses the following key ...

  1. Molasses for ethanol: the economic and environmental impacts of a new pathway for the lifecycle greenhouse gas analysis of sugarcane ethanol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Molasses for ethanol: the economic and environmental impacts of a new pathway for the lifecycle greenhouse gas analysis of sugarcane ethanol This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll for ethanol: the economic and environmental impacts of a new pathway for the lifecycle greenhouse gas analysis

  2. Semantic Awareness in Product Lifecycle Management Systems Casey James Baker, Douglas Eddy, Dr. Sundar Krishnamurty, Dr. Ian Grosse, Dr. Jack Wileden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mountziaris, T. J.

    Semantic Awareness in Product Lifecycle Management Systems Casey James Baker, Douglas Eddy, Dr enterprises turn to Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) systems to organize product development and to reduce), in which the PLM system was used to help with the design and fabrication of a product. Windchill

  3. Supporting the BPM life-cycle with FileNet Mariska Netjes, Hajo A. Reijers, Wil M.P. van der Aalst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Supporting the BPM life-cycle with FileNet Mariska Netjes, Hajo A. Reijers, Wil M.P. van der Aalst, The Netherlands m.netjes@tm.tue.nl Abstract. Business Process Management (BPM) systems provide a broad range for the complete BPM life-cycle: (re)design, configuration, execution, control, and diagnosis of processes

  4. Roadmap to a Sustainable Structured Trusted Employee Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coates, Cameron W [ORNL; Eisele, Gerhard R [ORNL

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organizations (facility, regulatory agency, or country) have a compelling interest in ensuring that individuals who occupy sensitive positions affording access to chemical biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) materials facilities and programs are functioning at their highest level of reliability. Human reliability and human performance relate not only to security but also focus on safety. Reliability has a logical and direct relationship to trustworthiness for the organization is placing trust in their employees to conduct themselves in a secure, safe, and dependable manner. This document focuses on providing an organization with a roadmap to implementing a successful and sustainable Structured Trusted Employee Program (STEP).

  5. Comparative life-cycle cost analysis for low-level mixed waste remediation alternatives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, J.A.; White, T.P.; Kloeber, J.M.; Toland, R.J.; Cain, J.P.; Buitrago, D.Y.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study is two-fold: (1) to develop a generic, life-cycle cost model for evaluating low-level, mixed waste remediation alternatives, and (2) to apply the model specifically, to estimate remediation costs for a site similar to the Fernald Environmental Management Project near Cincinnati, OH. Life-cycle costs for vitrification, cementation, and dry removal process technologies are estimated. Since vitrification is in a conceptual phase, computer simulation is used to help characterize the support infrastructure of a large scale vitrification plant. Cost estimating relationships obtained from the simulation data, previous cost estimates, available process data, engineering judgment, and expert opinion all provide input to an Excel based spreadsheet for generating cash flow streams. Crystal Ball, an Excel add-on, was used for discounting cash flows for net present value analysis. The resulting LCC data was then analyzed using multi-attribute decision analysis techniques with cost and remediation time as criteria. The analytical framework presented allows alternatives to be evaluated in the context of budgetary, social, and political considerations. In general, the longer the remediation takes, the lower the net present value of the process. This is true because of the time value of money and large percentage of the costs attributed to storage or disposal.

  6. Life-cycle cost analysis 200-West Weather Enclosure: Multi-function Waste Tank Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Umphrey, M.R. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1995-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The Multi-Function Waste Tank Facility (MWTF)will provide environmentally safe and acceptable storage capacity for handling wastes resulting from the remediation of existing single-shell and double-shell tanks on the Hanford Site. The MWTF will construct two tank farm facilities at two separate locations. A four-tank complex will be constructed in the 200-East Area of the Hanford Site; a two-tank complex will be constructed in the 200-West Area. This report documents the results of a life-cycle cost analysis performed by ICF Kaiser Hanford Company (ICF KH) for the Weather Enclosure proposed to be constructed over the 200-West tanks. Currently, all tank farm operations on the Hanford Site are conducted in an open environment, with weather often affecting tank farm maintenance activities. The Weather Enclosure is being proposed to allow year-round tank farm operation and maintenance activities unconstrained by weather conditions. Elimination of weather-related delays at the MWTF and associated facilities will reduce operational costs. The life-cycle cost analysis contained in this report analyzes potential cost savings based on historical weather information, operational and maintenance costs, construction cost estimates, and other various assumptions.

  7. Design and life-cycle considerations for unconventional-reservoir wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miskimins, J.L. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides an overview of design and life-cycle considerations for certain unconventional-reservoir wells. An overview of unconventional-reservoir definitions is provided. Well design and life-cycle considerations are addressed from three aspects: upfront reservoir development, initial well completion, and well-life and long-term considerations. Upfront-reservoir-development issues discussed include well spacing, well orientation, reservoir stress orientations, and tubular metallurgy. Initial-well-completion issues include maximum treatment pressures and rates, treatment diversion, treatment staging, flowback and cleanup, and dewatering needs. Well-life and long-term discussions include liquid loading, corrosion, refracturing and associated fracture reorientation, and the cost of abandonment. These design considerations are evaluated with case studies for five unconventional-reservoir types: shale gas (Barnett shale), tight gas (Jonah feld), tight oil (Bakken play), coalbed methane (CBM) (San Juan basin), and tight heavy oil (Lost Hills field). In evaluating the life cycle and design of unconventional-reservoir wells, 'one size' does not fit all and valuable knowledge and a shortening of the learning curve can be achieved for new developments by studying similar, more-mature fields.

  8. Anchoring Sites for Initial Au Nucleation on CeO2{111}: O Vacancy versus Ce Vacancy Changjun Zhang,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alavi, Ali

    Anchoring Sites for Initial Au Nucleation on CeO2{111}: O Vacancy versus Ce Vacancy Changjun Zhang is a matter of debate. Both oxygen and cerium vacancies have been suggested as the anchoring sites initio thermodynamics approaches to investigate the formation of various vacancies at a CeO2{111} surface

  9. Wellcome Trust response to > Page 1 of 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    measures for UN reform. 4. As a research funder, we appreciate the "Health is Global" report's recognition to see the Government-Wide strategy give careful consideration to the importance of health researchWellcome Trust response to Health is Global" consultation>> May 2007 Page 1 of 5 Health

  10. Building Trust in Storage Outsourcing: Secure Accounting of Utility Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Building Trust in Storage Outsourcing: Secure Accounting of Utility Storage Vishal Kher Yongdae Kim players. While storage outsourcing is cost-effective, many companies are hesitating to outsource their storage due to security concerns. The success of storage outsourcing is highly dependent on how well

  11. Trust of Medical Devices, Applications, and Users in Pervasive Healthcare

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bishop, Matt

    to receive health care through the use of pervasive medical devices, sensors, and applications, even outside. This paper shows how the Solar Trust Model can be used to evaluate the trustworthiness of data and data sources in networks of pervasive healthcare devices, sensors, and applications. Categories and Subject

  12. Enabling Trust with Behavior Metamodels Scott A. Wallace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yorke-Smith, Neil

    by behavior metamodels (i.e., abstract models of how the agent behaves). Our argument is 1) basedEnabling Trust with Behavior Metamodels Scott A. Wallace Washington State University Vancouver simple tasks (e.g., paying reoccurring bills) intelligent software as- sistants that perform complex

  13. Trust Evaluation in Anarchy: A Case Study on Autonomous Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baras, John S.

    Trust Evaluation in Anarchy: A Case Study on Autonomous Networks Tao Jiang Institute for Systems- ments on networked services. All those networks are autonomous networks, because they are distributed ­ to understand and analyze the behavior and properties of these "anarchical" autonomous networks. We propose

  14. Augmenting Internet-based Card Not Present Transactions with Trusted

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dent, Alexander W.

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.2 TNC Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 4 Applications of Trusted - Server-Side Wallets . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 6 Comparison with Related Work 25 7 Conclusions and Future-enabled platforms can integrate with SSL, 3-D Secure and server-side SET. We high- light how the use of TPM

  15. Trusted End Host Monitors for Securing Cloud Datacenters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    Trusted End Host Monitors for Securing Cloud Datacenters Alan Shieh Srikanth Kandula Albert Greenberg #12;Cloud workload is dynamic and hostile Traditional datacenters Infrastructure supports small to audit app code Cloud datacenters Infrastructure is shared among many untrusted tenants ­ Rapidly

  16. Security and Trust Convergence: Attributes, Relations and Provenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    -World Impact! State of Cyber Security Cyber should be "controllable" Nuclear, chemical, biological have beenSecurity and Trust Convergence: Attributes, Relations and Provenance Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director, Institute for Cyber Security Lutcher Brown Endowed Chair in Cyber Security University of Texas

  17. Security and Trust Convergence: Attributes, Relations and Provenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    -World Impact! State of Cyber Security Cyber should be "controllable" Nuclear, chemical, biological have been1 Security and Trust Convergence: Attributes, Relations and Provenance Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director, Institute for Cyber Security Lutcher Brown Endowed Chair in Cyber Security University of Texas

  18. Securing Trusted Execution Environments with PUF Generated Secret Keys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plusquellic, James

    of New Mexico Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA mareno@ece.unm.edu Jim Plusquellic University of New Mexico Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA jimp@ece.unm.edu Abstract--Trusted Execution Environments are quickly becom- ing

  19. EDIC RESEARCH PROPOSAL 1 Trust Modeling and Evaluation in Collaborative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    environments, aiming at expertise assessment and quality assurance. The notion of trust is a complex social thereby tends to have a positive effect on the quality of interaction in online communities, transferable, dynamic, context- dependent and can be influenced by various factors, such as social rules

  20. System Evaluation and Life-Cycle Cost Analysis of a Commercial-Scale High-Temperature Electrolysis Hydrogen Production Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwin A. Harvego; James E. O'Brien; Michael G. McKellar

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Results of a system evaluation and lifecycle cost analysis are presented for a commercial-scale high-temperature electrolysis (HTE) central hydrogen production plant. The plant design relies on grid electricity to power the electrolysis process and system components, and industrial natural gas to provide process heat. The HYSYS process analysis software was used to evaluate the reference central plant design capable of producing 50,000 kg/day of hydrogen. The HYSYS software performs mass and energy balances across all components to allow optimization of the design using a detailed process flow sheet and realistic operating conditions specified by the analyst. The lifecycle cost analysis was performed using the H2A analysis methodology developed by the Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen Program. This methodology utilizes Microsoft Excel spreadsheet analysis tools that require detailed plant performance information (obtained from HYSYS), along with financial and cost information to calculate lifecycle costs. The results of the lifecycle analyses indicate that for a 10% internal rate of return, a large central commercial-scale hydrogen production plant can produce 50,000 kg/day of hydrogen at an average cost of $2.68/kg. When the cost of carbon sequestration is taken into account, the average cost of hydrogen production increases by $0.40/kg to $3.08/kg.

  1. Service Engineering Life-cycles Jean-Luc Garnier Jean-Philippe Auzelle Claude Pourcel Marc Peyrichon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1/15 Service Engineering Life-cycles Jean-Luc Garnier Jean-Philippe Auzelle Claude Pourcel Marc, this paper provides foundation principles of service engineering with description of terms and concepts; life this period, as no real engineering process and business logic were foreseen, "SOA (service-oriented approach

  2. Molasses for ethanol: The economic and environmental impacts of a new pathway for the lifecycle greenhouse gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Molasses for ethanol: The economic and environmental impacts of a new pathway for the lifecycle greenhouse gas analysis of sugarcane ethanol Anand R Gopal1,4,6 and Daniel M Kammen1,2,3,5 1 Energy supplying country for the production of sugarcane ethanol; fresh mill-pressed cane juice from a Brazilian

  3. FY 1996 solid waste integrated life-cycle forecast characteristics summary. Volumes 1 and 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Templeton, K.J.

    1996-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    For the past six years, a waste volume forecast has been collected annually from onsite and offsite generators that currently ship or are planning to ship solid waste to the Westinghouse Hanford Company`s Central Waste Complex (CWC). This document provides a description of the physical waste forms, hazardous waste constituents, and radionuclides of the waste expected to be shipped to the CWC from 1996 through the remaining life cycle of the Hanford Site (assumed to extend to 2070). In previous years, forecast data has been reported for a 30-year time period; however, the life-cycle approach was adopted this year to maintain consistency with FY 1996 Multi-Year Program Plans. This document is a companion report to two previous reports: the more detailed report on waste volumes, WHC-EP-0900, FY1996 Solid Waste Integrated Life-Cycle Forecast Volume Summary and the report on expected containers, WHC-EP-0903, FY1996 Solid Waste Integrated Life-Cycle Forecast Container Summary. All three documents are based on data gathered during the FY 1995 data call and verified as of January, 1996. These documents are intended to be used in conjunction with other solid waste planning documents as references for short and long-term planning of the WHC Solid Waste Disposal Division`s treatment, storage, and disposal activities over the next several decades. This document focuses on two main characteristics: the physical waste forms and hazardous waste constituents of low-level mixed waste (LLMW) and transuranic waste (both non-mixed and mixed) (TRU(M)). The major generators for each waste category and waste characteristic are also discussed. The characteristics of low-level waste (LLW) are described in Appendix A. In addition, information on radionuclides present in the waste is provided in Appendix B. The FY 1996 forecast data indicate that about 100,900 cubic meters of LLMW and TRU(M) waste is expected to be received at the CWC over the remaining life cycle of the site. Based on ranges provided by the waste generators, this baseline volume could fluctuate between a minimum of about 59,720 cubic meters and a maximum of about 152,170 cubic meters. The range is primarily due to uncertainties associated with the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) program, including uncertainties regarding retrieval of long-length equipment, scheduling, and tank retrieval technologies.

  4. Comparison of Interfacial Electron Transfer through Carboxylate and Phosphonate Anchoring Groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in many molecule-based devices such as molecular electronics1 and dye-sensitized solar cells.2 Although of anchoring group on the efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) has also been investigated. So far) was found to be 30% less.8 In the latter cells, the sensitizer molecules wer

  5. Hydroxamate Anchors for Improved Photoconversion in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hydroxamate Anchors for Improved Photoconversion in Dye- Sensitized Solar Cells Timothy P. Brewster-polypyridyl dyes to TiO2 surfaces in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The study provides fundamental insight materials such as dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) made of sensitized nano- particulate thin-films.4 Since

  6. Material and energy recovery in integrated waste management systems: A life-cycle costing approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Massarutto, Antonio [University of Udine, Udine (Italy); IEFE, Bocconi University, Milan (Italy); Carli, Alessandro de, E-mail: alessandro.decarli@unibocconi.it [IEFE, Bocconi University, Milan (Italy); Graffi, Matteo [University of Udine, Udine (Italy); IEFE, Bocconi University, Milan (Italy)

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: > The study aims at assessing economic performance of alternative scenarios of MSW. > The approach is the life-cycle costing (LCC). > Waste technologies must be considered as complementary into an integrated strategy. - Abstract: A critical assumption of studies assessing comparatively waste management options concerns the constant average cost for selective collection regardless the source separation level (SSL) reached, and the neglect of the mass constraint. The present study compares alternative waste management scenarios through the development of a desktop model that tries to remove the above assumption. Several alternative scenarios based on different combinations of energy and materials recovery are applied to two imaginary areas modelled in order to represent a typical Northern Italian setting. External costs and benefits implied by scenarios are also considered. Scenarios are compared on the base of the full cost for treating the total waste generated in the area. The model investigates the factors that influence the relative convenience of alternative scenarios.

  7. System Evaluations and Life-Cycle Cost Analyses for High-Temperature Electrolysis Hydrogen Production Facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwin A. Harvego; James E. O'Brien; Michael G. McKellar

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents results of system evaluations and lifecycle cost analyses performed for several different commercial-scale high-temperature electrolysis (HTE) hydrogen production concepts. The concepts presented in this report rely on grid electricity and non-nuclear high-temperature process heat sources for the required energy inputs. The HYSYS process analysis software was used to evaluate both central plant designs for large-scale hydrogen production (50,000 kg/day or larger) and forecourt plant designs for distributed production and delivery at about 1,500 kg/day. The HYSYS software inherently ensures mass and energy balances across all components and it includes thermodynamic data for all chemical species. The optimized designs described in this report are based on analyses of process flow diagrams that included realistic representations of fluid conditions and component efficiencies and operating parameters for each of the HTE hydrogen production configurations analyzed. As with previous HTE system analyses performed at the INL, a custom electrolyzer model was incorporated into the overall process flow sheet. This electrolyzer model allows for the determination of the average Nernst potential, cell operating voltage, gas outlet temperatures, and electrolyzer efficiency for any specified inlet steam, hydrogen, and sweep-gas flow rates, current density, cell active area, and external heat loss or gain. The lifecycle cost analyses were performed using the H2A analysis methodology developed by the Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen Program. This methodology utilizes spreadsheet analysis tools that require detailed plant performance information (obtained from HYSYS), along with financial and cost information to calculate lifecycle costs. There are standard default sets of assumptions that the methodology uses to ensure consistency when comparing the cost of different production or plant design options. However, these assumptions may also be varied within the spreadsheets when better information is available or to allow the performance of sensitivity studies. The selected reference plant design for this study was a 1500 kg/day forecourt hydrogen production plant operating in the thermal-neutral mode. The plant utilized industrial natural gas-fired heaters to provide process heat, and grid electricity to supply power to the electrolyzer modules and system components. Modifications to the reference design included replacing the gas-fired heaters with electric resistance heaters, changing the operating mode of the electrolyzer (to operate below the thermal-neutral voltage), and considering a larger 50,000 kg/day central hydrogen production plant design. Total H2A-calculated hydrogen production costs for the reference 1,500 kg/day forecourt hydrogen production plant were $3.42/kg. The all-electric plant design using electric resistance heaters for process heat, and the reference design operating below the thermal-neutral voltage had calculated lifecycle hydrogen productions costs of $3.55/kg and $5.29/kg, respectively. Because of its larger size and associated economies of scale, the 50,000 kg/day central hydrogen production plant was able to produce hydrogen at a cost of only $2.89/kg.

  8. Integrating a life-cycle assessment with NEPA: Does it make sense?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ECCLESTON, C.H.

    1998-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 provides the basic national charter for protection of the environment in the US. Today NEPA has provided an environmental policy model which has been emulated by nations around the world. Recently, questions have been raised regarding the appropriateness and under what conditions it makes sense to combine the preparation of a NEPA analysis with the International Organization for Stnadardization (ISO) - 14000 Standards for Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA). This paper advantages a decision making tool consisting of six discrete criteria which can be employed by a user in reaching a decision regarding the integration of NEPA analysis and LCA. Properly applied, this tool should reduce the risk that a LCA may be inappropriately prepared and integrated with a NEPA analysis.

  9. Life-cycle cost and payback period analysis for commercial unitary air conditioners

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosenquist, Greg; Coughlin, Katie; Dale, Larry; McMahon, James; Meyers, Steve

    2004-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes an analysis of the economic impacts of possible energy efficiency standards for commercial unitary air conditioners and heat pumps on individual customers in terms of two metrics: life-cycle cost (LCC) and payback period (PBP). For each of the two equipment classes considered, the 11.5 EER provides the largest mean LCC savings. The results show how the savings vary among customers facing different electricity prices and other conditions. At 11.5 EER, at least 80% of the users achieve a positive LCC savings. At 12.0 EER, the maximum efficiency analyzed, mean LCC savings are lower but still positive. For the {ge} $65,000 Btu/h to <135,000 Btu/h equipment class, 59% of users achieve a positive LCC savings. For the $135,000 Btu/h to <240,000 Btu/h equipment class, 91% of users achieve a positive LCC savings.

  10. Evolution of light-induced anchoring in dye-doped nematics: Experiment and model Previous Abstract | Next Abstract | Issue Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reznikov, Yuri

    Evolution of light-induced anchoring in dye-doped nematics: Experiment and model Previous Abstract |GZipped PS View MyArticles Evolution of light-induced anchoring in dye-doped nematics: Experiment was carried out to describe the evolution of light-induced anchoring in dye-doped nematic liquid crystals (LCs

  11. Anchoring energy and cell gap effects on liquid crystal response time Xiangyi Nie, Ruibo Lu, Haiqing Xianyu, Thomas X. Wu, and Shin-Tson Wua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    assumption is that the anchoring energy on LC-substrate surfaces is strong W . However, some LC devices haveAnchoring energy and cell gap effects on liquid crystal response time Xiangyi Nie, Ruibo Lu 2007 The anchoring energy and cell gap effects on liquid crystal response time 0 is analyzed

  12. Life-cycle analysis results of geothermal systems in comparison to other power systems.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, J. L.; Clark, C. E.; Han, J.; Wang, M.; Energy Systems

    2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emissions analysis has been conducted with Argonne National Laboratory's expanded Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (GREET) model for geothermal power-generating technologies, including enhanced geothermal, hydrothermal flash, and hydrothermal binary technologies. As a basis of comparison, a similar analysis has been conducted for other power-generating systems, including coal, natural gas combined cycle, nuclear, hydroelectric, wind, photovoltaic, and biomass by expanding the GREET model to include power plant construction for these latter systems with literature data. In this way, the GREET model has been expanded to include plant construction, as well as the usual fuel production and consumption stages of power plant life cycles. For the plant construction phase, on a per-megawatt (MW) output basis, conventional power plants in general are found to require less steel and concrete than renewable power systems. With the exception of the concrete requirements for gravity dam hydroelectric, enhanced geothermal and hydrothermal binary used more of these materials per MW than other renewable power-generation systems. Energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) ratios for the infrastructure and other life-cycle stages have also been developed in this study per kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electricity output by taking into account both plant capacity and plant lifetime. Generally, energy burdens per energy output associated with plant infrastructure are higher for renewable systems than conventional ones. GHG emissions per kWh of electricity output for plant construction follow a similar trend. Although some of the renewable systems have GHG emissions during plant operation, they are much smaller than those emitted by fossil fuel thermoelectric systems. Binary geothermal systems have virtually insignificant GHG emissions compared to fossil systems. Taking into account plant construction and operation, the GREET model shows that fossil thermal plants have fossil energy use and GHG emissions per kWh of electricity output about one order of magnitude higher than renewable power systems, including geothermal power.

  13. Life-cycle assessment of corn-based butanol as a potential transportation fuel.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, M.; Wang, M.; Liu, J.; Huo, H.; Energy Systems

    2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Butanol produced from bio-sources (such as corn) could have attractive properties as a transportation fuel. Production of butanol through a fermentation process called acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) has been the focus of increasing research and development efforts. Advances in ABE process development in recent years have led to drastic increases in ABE productivity and yields, making butanol production worthy of evaluation for use in motor vehicles. Consequently, chemical/fuel industries have announced their intention to produce butanol from bio-based materials. The purpose of this study is to estimate the potential life-cycle energy and emission effects associated with using bio-butanol as a transportation fuel. The study employs a well-to-wheels analysis tool--the Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation (GREET) model developed at Argonne National Laboratory--and the Aspen Plus{reg_sign} model developed by AspenTech. The study describes the butanol production from corn, including grain processing, fermentation, gas stripping, distillation, and adsorption for products separation. The Aspen{reg_sign} results that we obtained for the corn-to-butanol production process provide the basis for GREET modeling to estimate life-cycle energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. The GREET model was expanded to simulate the bio-butanol life cycle, from agricultural chemical production to butanol use in motor vehicles. We then compared the results for bio-butanol with those of conventional gasoline. We also analyzed the bio-acetone that is coproduced with bio-butanol as an alternative to petroleum-based acetone. Our study shows that, while the use of corn-based butanol achieves energy benefits and reduces greenhouse gas emissions, the results are affected by the methods used to treat the acetone that is co-produced in butanol plants.

  14. Trust in automation and meta-cognitive accuracy in NPP operating crews

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skraaning Jr, G.; Miberg Skjerve, A. B. [OECD Halden Reactor Project, PO Box 173, 1751 Halden (Norway)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear power plant operators can over-trust or under-trust automation. Operator trust in automation is said to be mis-calibrated when the level of trust is not corresponding to the actual level of automation reliability. A possible consequence of mis-calibrated trust is degraded meta-cognitive accuracy. Meta-cognitive accuracy is the ability to correctly monitor the effectiveness of ones own performance while engaged in complex tasks. When operators misjudge their own performance, human control actions will be poorly regulated and safety and/or efficiency may suffer. An analysis of simulator data showed that meta-cognitive accuracy and trust in automation were highly correlated for knowledge-based scenarios, but uncorrelated for rule-based scenarios. In the knowledge-based scenarios, the operators overestimated their performance effectiveness under high levels of trust, they underestimated performance under low levels of trust, but showed realistic self-assessment under intermediate levels of trust in automation. The result was interpreted to suggest that trust in automation impact the meta-cognitive accuracy of the operators. (authors)

  15. Cyber Security and Trust Research & DevelopmentCyber Security and Trust Research & Development http://www.ISTS.dartmouth.eduhttp://www.ISTS.dartmouth.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pellacini, Fabio

    Cyber Security and Trust Research & DevelopmentCyber Security and Trust Research & Development http of a discrete distribution: www.ISTS.dartmouth.edu Entropy reminder INSTITUTE FOR SECURITY TECHNOLOGY STUDIES to packets & provide a visual summary? www.ISTS.dartmouth.edu Motivation INSTITUTE FOR SECURITY

  16. A Filter Active-Set Trust-Region Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 10, 2007 ... where x ? Rn, f : IRn ? IR and ci : IRn ? IR are twice continuously differentiable. ... by a trust-region or a proximal-point term, and we can either use the RLP step if the EQP has no solution, or usa a piecewise line-search along an arc. ..... abandon any attempt to reduce f(x) and instead enter a restoration.

  17. MARVEL: A PC-based interactive software package for life-cycle evaluations of hybrid/electric vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marr, W.W.; He, J.

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a life-cycle analysis tool, MARVEL has been developed for the evaluation of hybrid/electric vehicle systems. It can identify the optimal combination of battery and heat engine characteristics for different vehicle types and performance requirements, on the basis of either life-cycle cost or fuel efficiency. Battery models that allow trade-offs between specific power and specific energy, between cycle life and depth of discharge, between peak power and depth of discharge, and between other parameters, are included in the software. A parallel hybrid configuration, using an internal combustion engine and a battery as the power sources, can be simulated with a user-specified energy management strategy. The PC-based software package can also be used for cost or fuel efficiency comparisons among conventional, electric, and hybrid vehicles.

  18. ICPP tank farm closure study. Volume 3: Cost estimates, planning schedules, yearly cost flowcharts, and life-cycle cost estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume contains information on cost estimates, planning schedules, yearly cost flowcharts, and life-cycle costs for the six options described in Volume 1, Section 2: Option 1 -- Total removal clean closure; No subsequent use; Option 2 -- Risk-based clean closure; LLW fill; Option 3 -- Risk-based clean closure; CERCLA fill; Option 4 -- Close to RCRA landfill standards; LLW fill; Option 5 -- Close to RCRA landfill standards; CERCLA fill; and Option 6 -- Close to RCRA landfill standards; Clean fill. This volume is divided into two portions. The first portion contains the cost and planning schedule estimates while the second portion contains life-cycle costs and yearly cash flow information for each option.

  19. FY 1996 solid waste integrated life-cycle forecast container summary volume 1 and 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Valero, O.J.

    1996-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    For the past six years, a waste volume forecast has been collected annually from onsite and offsite generators that currently ship or are planning to ship solid waste to the Westinghouse Hanford Company`s Central Waste Complex (CWC). This document provides a description of the containers expected to be used for these waste shipments from 1996 through the remaining life cycle of the Hanford Site. In previous years, forecast data have been reported for a 30-year time period; however, the life-cycle approach was adopted this year to maintain consistency with FY 1996 Multi-Year Program Plans. This document is a companion report to the more detailed report on waste volumes: WHC-EP0900, FY 1996 Solid Waste Integrated Life-Cycle Forecast Volume Summary. Both of these documents are based on data gathered during the FY 1995 data call and verified as of January, 1996. These documents are intended to be used in conjunction with other solid waste planning documents as references for short and long-term planning of the WHC Solid Waste Disposal Division`s treatment, storage, and disposal activities over the next several decades. This document focuses on the types of containers that will be used for packaging low-level mixed waste (LLMW) and transuranic waste (both non-mixed and mixed) (TRU(M)). The major waste generators for each waste category and container type are also discussed. Containers used for low-level waste (LLW) are described in Appendix A, since LLW requires minimal treatment and storage prior to onsite disposal in the LLW burial grounds. The FY 1996 forecast data indicate that about 100,900 cubic meters of LLMW and TRU(M) waste are expected to be received at the CWC over the remaining life cycle of the site. Based on ranges provided by the waste generators, this baseline volume could fluctuate between a minimum of about 59,720 cubic meters and a maximum of about 152,170 cubic meters.

  20. Experimental Modeling and Laboratory Measurements of Drag Embedment Anchors Subjected to In-Plane and Out-Of-Plane Loading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drake, Aaron C.

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Laboratory at Texas A & M University to examine the effects of out-of-plane load conditions. Instrumentation and specialized devices were constructed to measure the anchor's trajectory through a representative sample of Gulf of Mexico clay with average un...

  1. Improved design procedure for embedded plates in gravity anchors for precast concrete panels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fragomeli, Lawrence Fred

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    is considered, and second, the shear area of the concrete resisting the applied shear to the studs is considered. Typically, the latter parameter controls the design, since most plate and stud anchorages are installed fairly close to the edge of a wall panel...IMPROVED DESIGN PROCEDURE FOR EMBEDDED PLATES IN GRAVITy ANCHORS FOR PRECAST CONCRETE PANELS A Thesis by Lawrence Fred Fragomeli Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  2. Density-based Globally Convergent Trust-Region Methods for Self ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The reduction of the trust region is performed by a strategy that uses the ... approximation that was based on the energy as a function of the coefficient matrix

  3. A trust-region derivative-free algorithm for constrained optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulo Conejo

    2014-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 26, 2014 ... A trust-region derivative-free algorithm for constrained optimization. Paulo Conejo(paulo.conejo ***at*** unioeste.br) Elizabeth Karas(ewkaras...

  4. THE IMPACT OF ANCHOR ITEM EXPOSURE ON MEAN/SIGMA LINKING AND IRT TRUE SCORE EQUATING UNDER THE NEAT DESIGN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barri, Moatasim Asaad

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    have evaluated the impact of exposed anchor items on the IRT equating process using Monte Carlo investigations (Jurich, DeMars, & Goodman, 2012; Jurich, Goodman, & Becker, 2010). However, studies of item exposure up to this date 3 have not placed... condition that included examinees with a low level of ability or the condition with the organized item theft group. Few studies have investigated the impact of exposed anchor items on the IRT equating process using Monte Carlo investigations. Jurich, De...

  5. What life-cycle assessment does and does not do in assessments of waste management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ekvall, Tomas [IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, P.O. Box 5302, SE-400 14 Goeteborg (Sweden)], E-mail: tomas.ekvall@ivl.se; Assefa, Getachew [Industrial Ecology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), SE-100 44 Stockholm (Sweden); Bjoerklund, Anna [Environmental Strategies Research - FMS, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), SE-100 44 Stockholm (Sweden); Eriksson, Ola [Technology and Built Environment, University of Gaevle, SE-801 76 Gaevle (Sweden); Finnveden, Goeran [Environmental Strategies Research - FMS, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), SE-100 44 Stockholm (Sweden)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In assessments of the environmental impacts of waste management, life-cycle assessment (LCA) helps expanding the perspective beyond the waste management system. This is important, since the indirect environmental impacts caused by surrounding systems, such as energy and material production, often override the direct impacts of the waste management system itself. However, the applicability of LCA for waste management planning and policy-making is restricted by certain limitations, some of which are characteristics inherent to LCA methodology as such, and some of which are relevant specifically in the context of waste management. Several of them are relevant also for other types of systems analysis. We have identified and discussed such characteristics with regard to how they may restrict the applicability of LCA in the context of waste management. Efforts to improve LCA with regard to these aspects are also described. We also identify what other tools are available for investigating issues that cannot be adequately dealt with by traditional LCA models, and discuss whether LCA methodology should be expanded rather than complemented by other tools to increase its scope and applicability.

  6. Life-cycle analysis results for geothermal systems in comparison to other power systems: Part II.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, J.L.; Clark, C.E.; Yuan, L.; Han, J.; Wang, M. (Energy Systems)

    2012-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A study has been conducted on the material demand and life-cycle energy and emissions performance of power-generating technologies in addition to those reported in Part I of this series. The additional technologies included concentrated solar power, integrated gasification combined cycle, and a fossil/renewable (termed hybrid) geothermal technology, more specifically, co-produced gas and electric power plants from geo-pressured gas and electric (GPGE) sites. For the latter, two cases were considered: gas and electricity export and electricity-only export. Also modeled were cement, steel and diesel fuel requirements for drilling geothermal wells as a function of well depth. The impact of the construction activities in the building of plants was also estimated. The results of this study are consistent with previously reported trends found in Part I of this series. Among all the technologies considered, fossil combustion-based power plants have the lowest material demand for their construction and composition. On the other hand, conventional fossil-based power technologies have the highest greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, followed by the hybrid and then two of the renewable power systems, namely hydrothermal flash power and biomass-based combustion power. GHG emissions from U.S. geothermal flash plants were also discussed, estimates provided, and data needs identified. Of the GPGE scenarios modeled, the all-electric scenario had the highest GHG emissions. Similar trends were found for other combustion emissions.

  7. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Assessment Studies of Chinese Cement Production: Challenges and Opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Hongyou; Masanet, Eric; Price, Lynn

    2009-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of life-cycle assessment (LCA) to understand the embodied energy, environmental impacts, and potential energy-savings of manufactured products has become more widespread among researchers in recent years. This paper reviews recent LCA studies in the cement industry in China and in other countries and provides an assessment of the methodology used by the researchers compared to ISO LCA standards (ISO 14040:2006, ISO 14044:2006, and ISO/TR 14048:2002). We evaluate whether the authors provide information on the intended application, targeted audience, functional unit, system boundary, data sources, data quality assessment, data disaggregation and other elements, and draw conclusions regarding the level of adherence to ISO standards for the papers reviewed. We found that China researchers have gained much experience during last decade, but still have room for improvement in establishing boundaries, assessing data quality, identifying data sources, and explaining limitations. The paper concludes with a discussion of directions for future LCA research in China.

  8. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Life-Cycle Model of an Automobile, Environmental Science &Cycle Assessment of Automobile/Fuel Options, EnvironmentalCycle Energy Analysis for Automobiles, Society of Automotive

  9. Preconditioning a product of matrices arising in trust region subproblems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hribar, M.E.; Plantenga, T.D.

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In solving large scale optimization problems, we find it advantageous to use iterative methods to solve the sparse linear systems that arise. In the ETR software for solving equality constrained optimization problems, we use a conjugate gradient method to approximately solve the trust region subproblems. To speed up the convergence of the conjugate gradient routine, we need to precondition matrices of the form Z{sup T} W Z, which are not explicitly stored. Four preconditioners were implemented and the results for each are given.

  10. Leasing State Trust Lands in Washington | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey, Washington:Lakeville, MN)Lauderhill,5. ItLeaIncentives 2 ReferencesTrust

  11. Massachusetts Renewable Energy Trust MRET | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis a townLoading map...(Redirected25.Trust MRET Jump to:

  12. Energy Trust of Oregon Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37. It isInformation Contracts (ESPC) Webinar Jump to:S ADataTrust of

  13. Trust Formation in a C2C Market: Effect of Reputation Management System Hitoshi Yamamoto

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Hitoshi

    for online transactions. 1. Introduction The e-commerce market is growing rapidly, thanks in part to the ease system can promote trust in transactions in an online consumer-to-consumer (C2C) market. The reputationTrust Formation in a C2C Market: Effect of Reputation Management System Hitoshi Yamamoto University

  14. A Trustful Authentication and Key Exchange Scheme (TAKES) for Ad Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Trustful Authentication and Key Exchange Scheme (TAKES) for Ad Hoc Networks Tony Cheneau National public key distribution scheme adapted to ad hoc networks called TAKES for Trustful Authentication, or even implementing a light naming system can be enabled on top of ad hoc networks. TAKES is formally

  15. Information Theoretic Framework of Trust Modeling and Evaluation for Ad Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yan Lindsay

    1 Information Theoretic Framework of Trust Modeling and Evaluation for Ad Hoc Networks Yan Lindsay-- The performance of ad hoc networks depends on co- operation and trust among distributed nodes. To enhance security in ad hoc networks, it is important to evaluate trustworthiness of other nodes without centralized

  16. An example of trust-based marketing and customer advocacy in e-commerce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Min, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Professor Glen L. Urban at MIT Sloan advocates a new style of marketing based on trust-building. One way to build this trust is to use an advisor to have a conversation with the customer rather than talking at the customer. ...

  17. The Impact of Fuel Use Trends on the Highway Trust Fund's Present and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Robert Michael

    1 The Impact of Fuel Use Trends on the Highway Trust Fund's Present and Future Devin;2 The Impact of Fuel Use Trends on the Highway Trust Fund's Present and Future Devin Braun Ryan Endorf Stephen.3. Historical and Projected Fuel Use and Vehicle Miles Traveled Trends Section 2. Methodology Section 2

  18. EFFECT OF SHARED INFORMATION ON TRUST AND RELIANCE IN A DEMAND FORECASTING TASK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, John D.

    EFFECT OF SHARED INFORMATION ON TRUST AND RELIANCE IN A DEMAND FORECASTING TASK Ji Gao1 , John D's trust and reliance. A simulated demand forecasting task required participants to provide an initial. INTRODUCTION Demand forecasting is a task that strongly influences success in supply chains. Inappropriate

  19. PET: A PErsonalized Trust Model with Reputation and Risk Evaluation for P2P Resource Sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Weisong

    PET: A PErsonalized Trust Model with Reputation and Risk Evaluation for P2P Resource Sharing the construction of a good cooperation, especially in the context of economic-based solutions for the P2P resource sharing. The trust model consists of two parts: reputation evaluation and risk evaluation. Reputation

  20. Nanotechnology-Based Trusted Remote Sensing James B. Wendt and Miodrag Potkonjak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potkonjak, Miodrag

    Nanotechnology-Based Trusted Remote Sensing James B. Wendt and Miodrag Potkonjak Computer Science nanotechnology PPUF-based architecture for trusted remote sensing. Current public physical unclonable function the authentication process. Our novel nanotechnology- based architecture ensures fast authentication through partial

  1. How to Trust Robots Further than We Can Throw Them David Bruemmer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smart, William

    in mobile robot applications and offers unique insight on how we can help build trust for a future generation of mobile robots. Panelists have been drawn from defense, entertainment, industry, transportation1 How to Trust Robots Further than We Can Throw Them David Bruemmer Idaho National Laboratory

  2. CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Liberating the NHS: Developing the Healthcare

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    in the planning and provision of education. 3. Research scientists in the healthcare workforce are a unique Workforce March 2011 Page 1 of 3 Department of Health: Liberating the NHS: Developing the Healthcare Workforce Response by the Wellcome Trust March 2011 Introduction 1. The Wellcome Trust is pleased to have

  3. TRIESTE: A Trusted Radio Infrastructure for Enforcing SpecTrum Etiquettes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Wenyuan

    1 TRIESTE: A Trusted Radio Infrastructure for Enforcing SpecTrum Etiquettes Wenyuan Xu Pandurang presents a framework, known as TRIESTE (Trusted Radio Infrastructure for Enforcing SpecTrum Etiquettes), which can ensure that radio devices are only able to access/use the spectrum in a manner that conforms

  4. Trust: A Collision of Paradigms L. Jean Camp Helen Nissenbaum Cathleen McGrath

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camp, L. Jean

    to these attacks may be either a loss of trust or a willingness to tolerate increasing risk having weathered one examined. In this work we survey the findings in social psychology and philosophy with respect to trust. We that these assumptions conflict with results and arguments found in theoretical and empirical work in philosophy

  5. Colorado Cattlemen's Agricultural Land Trust 8833 Ralston Road Arvada, Colorado 80002 303-225-8677 www.ccalt.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    Colorado Cattlemen's Agricultural Land Trust 8833 Ralston Road · Arvada, Colorado 80002 · 303-225-8677 · www.ccalt.org About Colorado Cattlemen's Agricultural Land Trust The Colorado Cattlemen's Agricultural Land Trust (CCALT) was formed in 1995 by the membership of the Colorado Cattlemen's Association (CCA

  6. PROTECT: Proximity-based Trust-advisor using Encounters for Mobile Societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Udayan; Helmy, Ahmed

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many interactions between network users rely on trust, which is becoming particularly important given the security breaches in the Internet today. These problems are further exacerbated by the dynamics in wireless mobile networks. In this paper we address the issue of trust advisory and establishment in mobile networks, with application to ad hoc networks, including DTNs. We utilize encounters in mobile societies in novel ways, noticing that mobility provides opportunities to build proximity, location and similarity based trust. Four new trust advisor filters are introduced - including encounter frequency, duration, behavior vectors and behavior matrices - and evaluated over an extensive set of real-world traces collected from a major university. Two sets of statistical analyses are performed; the first examines the underlying encounter relationships in mobile societies, and the second evaluates DTN routing in mobile peer-to-peer networks using trust and selfishness models. We find that for the analyzed trace...

  7. Secure multi-party communication with quantum key distribution managed by trusted authority

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nordholt, Jane Elizabeth; Hughes, Richard John; Peterson, Charles Glen

    2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Techniques and tools for implementing protocols for secure multi-party communication after quantum key distribution ("QKD") are described herein. In example implementations, a trusted authority facilitates secure communication between multiple user devices. The trusted authority distributes different quantum keys by QKD under trust relationships with different users. The trusted authority determines combination keys using the quantum keys and makes the combination keys available for distribution (e.g., for non-secret distribution over a public channel). The combination keys facilitate secure communication between two user devices even in the absence of QKD between the two user devices. With the protocols, benefits of QKD are extended to multi-party communication scenarios. In addition, the protocols can retain benefit of QKD even when a trusted authority is offline or a large group seeks to establish secure communication within the group.

  8. The Trust Region Sequential Quadratic Programming method applied to two-aircraft acoustic optimal control problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The Trust Region Sequential Quadratic Programming method applied to two-aircraft acoustic optimal of the environmental pollution and noise impact, ACARE requires a 50% reduction of perceived noise for 2020. This goal

  9. Exploiting KeyNote in WebCom: Architecture Neutral Glue for Trust Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foley, Simon

    Exploiting KeyNote in WebCom: Architecture Neutral Glue for Trust Management Simon N. Foley, Thomas B. Quillinan, John P. Morrison, David A. Power, James J. Kennedy. Department of Computer Science

  10. LSTRS: MATLAB Software for Large-Scale Trust-Region Subproblems and Regularization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -9120008, the Research Council of Norway, and the Science Research Fund of Wake Forest University of Energy and the Regents of the University of California. 1 #12;LSTRS: Trust Regions and Regularization 2

  11. CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to House of Commons International Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    universities ­ such as Imperial Innovations: Imperial College's technology transfer vehicle; · Private sectorCONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to House of Commons International Development Committee's Inquiry into the Department of International Development's Bilateral Programme in India November

  12. Integrative Innovation Strategy : a case study of Guaranty Trust Bank plc (GTBank)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adeyeri, Modupe Oludare

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since starting in 1990, Guaranty Trust Bank plc (GTBank) has emerged as one of the strongest players in the African Banking space despite the challenging business climate. Firms operating in similar conditions - geographies, ...

  13. Service Oriented Architecture for Monitoring Cargo in Motion Along Trusted Corridors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuehnhausen, Martin

    2009-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A KTEC Center of Excellence 1 Service Oriented Architecture for Monitoring Cargo in Motion Along Trusted Corridors Martin Kuehnhausen Department of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science Master's Thesis Defense July 1, 2009 Committee Dr. Victor...Service Oriented Architecture for Monitoring Cargo in Motion Along Trusted Corridors c 2009 Martin Kuehnhausen Submitted to the Department of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas in partial...

  14. Techniques and equipment for assessing the structural integrity of subterranean tower anchor rods

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hinz, William R. (Martinez, GA); Parker, Matthew J. (Martinez, GA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Techniques and equipment for evaluating structural integrity of buried anchor rods in situ are disclosed. The techniques avoid excavation of soil and avoid, or at least reduce, the possibility of damage to the rods or the concrete in which they may be embedded when evaluations are conducted. Instead, ultrasonic energy is transmitted through the rod from a portable transducer, and returned energy (in either or both of direct and mode-converted states) may be analyzed to assist in detecting flaws, corrosion, wastage, or other degradation of the rod. Data from a field evaluation may be compared with baseline data maintained either for a specific rod or for rods of similar composition and length (or both), and periodic field evaluations of a rod may be used to analyze trends in its structure over time.

  15. Bending elasticity of a curved amphiphilic film decorated anchored copolymers: a small angle neutron scattering study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacqueline Appell; Christian Ligoure; Gregoire Porte

    2004-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Microemulsion droplets (oil in water stabilized by a surfactant film) are progressively decorated with increasing amounts of poly ethylene- oxide (PEO) chains anchored in the film by the short aliphatic chain grafted at one end of the PEO chain . The evolution of the bending elasticity of the surfactant film with increasing decoration is deduced from the evolution in size and polydispersity of the droplets as reflected by small angle neutron scattering. The optimum curvature radius decreases while the bending rigidity modulus remains practically constant. The experimental results compare well with the predictions of a model developed for the bending properties of a curved film decorated by non-adsorbing polymer chains, which takes into account, the finite curvature of the film and the free diffusion of the chains on the film.

  16. CCA-Treated wood disposed in landfills and life-cycle trade-offs with waste-to-energy and MSW landfill disposal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    CCA-Treated wood disposed in landfills and life-cycle trade-offs with waste-to-energy and MSW in waste-to-energy (WTE) facilities. In other countries, the predominant disposal option for wood, others have not, and the product continues to enter the waste stream from construction, demolition

  17. An Analysis of the Economic and Financial Life-Cycle Costs of Reverse-Osmosis Desalination in South Texas: A Case Study of the Southmost Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sturdivant, A.; Rister, M.; Rogers, C.; Lacewell, R.; Norris, J.; Leal, J.; Garza, J.; Adams, J.

    for $26.2 million, an implicit commitment for another $39.1 million (basis 2006 dollars) was also made for Continued and Capital Replacement costs. Investigation into life-cycle costs during the design and planning stages of a desalination facility can...

  18. THE ROLE OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY IN ORGANIZATIONAL TRUST, AND ITS EFFECTS ON THE ORGANIZATIONAL RESULTS 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habibollah Javanmard; Sahar Havasi; Islamic Azad

    Abstract: Today, trust in work environment is one of important sources of competitive advantage. While today organizations, strongly need organizational trust for their success, development of it get one of the main concerns of today organizations management. On the other hand, according to scientists opinions, management of occupational safety can enhance organizational trust. Positive and effective relationship between occupational safety and organizational trust, increase and simplify organizational relations, and as a result, will improve working operation and efficiency. Purpose of this study was operational study, and method of gathering data was scientific-comparative. Statistical population of this research is TV and Radio staffs of Markazi province. Iran, and analyzed statistical model participants are 160 persons. Information gathering method of this research is questionnaire and operativeadmission analyze test, used to data analyzing, and finally all of study hypothesizes admitted. Results of research hypothesis examination suggested that occupational safety has positive effect on organizational trust. In addition, occupational safety also has effects on organizational working outcome, and finally, organizational trust has positive effect on organizational working outcome.

  19. Genome anchored QTLs for biomass productivity in Hybrid Populus: Heterosis and detection across Contrasting Environments.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muchero, Wellington [ORNL; Sewell, Mitchell [ORNL; Gunter, Lee E [ORNL; Tschaplinski, Timothy J [ORNL; Yin, Tongming [ORNL; DiFazio, Steven P [West Virginia University; Tuskan, Gerald A [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traits related to biomass production were analyzed for the presence of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) in an interspecific F2 population derived from an outbred Populus trichocarpa P. deltoides parental cross. Three years of phenotypic data for stem growth traits (height and diameter) were collected from two parental, two F1 and 339 F2 trees in a clonal trial replicated both within and among two environmentally contrasting sites in the North American Pacific Northwest. A genetic linkage map comprised of 841 SSR, AFLP, and RAPD markers and phenotypic data from 310 progeny were used to identify genomic regions harboring QTL using the Multiple-QTL Model (MQM) package of the statistical program MapQTL 6. A total of twelve QTLs, nine putative and three suggestive, were identified with eight of these being identified at both sites in at least one experiment. Of these, three putative QTL BM-1, BM-2, BM-7, on LGs I, II, and XIV, respectively, were identified in all three years for both height and diameter. Two QTLs BM-2 and BM-7, on LG II and XIV, respectively, exhibited significant evidence of over-dominance in all three years for both traits. Conversely a QTL on BM-6 LG XIII exhibited out-breeding depression in two years for both height and diameter. The remaining nine QTLs showed difference levels of dominance and additive effects. Seven of the nine QTL were successfully anchored and QTL peak positions were estimated for each one on the P. trichocarpa genome assembly using flanking SSR markers with known physical positions positions. QTL BM-7 on LG XIV had been anchored on the genome assembly in a previous study, therefore eight QTLs identified in this study were assigned genome assembly positions. Physical distances encompassed by each QTL regions ranged from 1.3 to 8.8 Mb.

  20. Mitigation of thermoacoustic instability utilizing steady air injection near the flame anchoring zone

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murat Altay, H.; Hudgins, Duane E.; Speth, Raymond L.; Annaswamy, Anuradha M.; Ghoniem, Ahmed F. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)

    2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this work is to investigate the effectiveness of steady air injection near the flame anchoring zone in suppressing thermoacoustic instabilities driven by flame-vortex interaction mechanism. We perform a systematic experimental study which involves using two different configurations of air injection in an atmospheric pressure backward-facing step combustor. The first configuration utilizes a row of micro-diameter holes allowing for air injection in the cross-stream direction just upstream of the step. The second configuration utilizes an array of micro-diameter holes located on the face of the step, allowing for air injection in the streamwise direction. The effects of each of these configurations are analyzed to determine which one is more effective in suppressing thermoacoustic instabilities at different operating conditions. The tests are conducted while varying the equivalence ratio and the inlet temperature. The secondary air temperature is always the same as the inlet temperature. We used pure propane or propane/hydrogen mixtures as fuels. Combustion dynamics are explored through simultaneous pressure and heat release-rate measurements, and high-speed video images. When the equivalence ratio of the reactant mixture is high, it causes the flame to flashback towards the inlet channel. When air is injected in the cross-stream direction, the flame anchors slightly upstream of the step, which suppresses the instability. When air is injected in the streamwise direction near the edge of step, thermoacoustic instability could be eliminated at an optimum secondary air flow rate, which depends on the operating conditions. When effective, the streamwise air injection prevents the shedding of an unsteady vortex, thus eliminating the flame-vortex interaction mechanism and resulting in a compact, stable flame to form near the step. (author)

  1. ORNL Trusted Corridors Project: Watts Bar Dam Inland Waterway Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, Randy M [ORNL; Gross, Ian G [ORNL; Smith, Cyrus M [ORNL; Hill, David E [ORNL

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiation has existed everywhere in the environment since the Earth's formation - in rocks, soil, water, and plants. The mining and processing of naturally occurring radioactive materials for use in medicine, power generation, consumer products, and industry inevitably generate emissions and waste. Radiological measuring devices have been used by industry for years to measure for radiation in undesired locations or simply identify radioactive materials. Since the terrorist attacks on the United States on 9-11-01 these radiation measuring devices have proliferated in many places in our nation's commerce system. DOE, TVA, the Army Corps and ORNL collaborated to test the usefulness of these devices in our nation's waterway system on this project. The purpose of the Watts Bar Dam ORNL Trusted Corridors project was to investigate the security, safety and enforcement needs of local, state and federal government entities for state-of-the-art sensor monitoring in regards to illegal cargo including utilization of the existing infrastructure. TVA's inland waterways lock system is a recognized and accepted infrastructure by the commercial carrier industry. Safety Monitoring activities included tow boat operators, commercial barges and vessels, recreational watercraft and their cargo, identification of unsafe vessels and carriers, and, monitoring of domestic and foreign commercial vessels and cargo identification. Safety Enforcement activities included cargo safety, tracking, identification of hazardous materials, waterway safety regulations, and hazardous materials regulations. Homeland Security and Law Enforcement Applications included Radiological Dispersive Devices (RDD) identification, identification of unsafe or illicit transport of hazardous materials including chemicals and radiological materials, and screening for shipments of illicit drugs. In the Fall of 2005 the SensorNet funding for the project expired. After several unsuccessful attempts to find a Federal sponsor to continue with the project, the Watts Bar Dam Project was canceled and the Exploranium radiation monitors were removed from the doors of Watts Bar Dam in early 2006. The DHS Domestic Nuclear Detection Office decided to proceed with a Pilot building on the ORNL work performed at the TN and SC weigh stations in the highway sector of the Trusted Corridors project and eventually expanded it to other southern states under the name of Southeastern Corridor Pilot Project (SETCP). Many of the Phase I goals were achieved however real-world test data of private watercraft and barges was never obtained.

  2. Analysis of Neutral Transport in the GAMMA10 Anchor-Cell Using H{alpha}-Emission Detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higashizono, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Nakashima, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Ohki, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Islam, M.K. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Shoji, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science (Japan); Kobayashi, S. [Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University (Japan); Yoshikawa, M. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kubota, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kobayashi, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Murakami, R. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Yamada, M. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Cho, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan)

    2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The neutral transport was studied in the anchor cell. The H{alpha} line intensities were measured by using axially aligned H{alpha} detectors. It was found that the intensity is considerably dependent on ECRH and GP 3,4. A 5ch H{alpha} detector was newly installed in the outer-transition region of the anchor-cell. From the measurement of the spatial distributions, the vertical intensity profile is estimated to be about 2.5 cm on the half width half maximum, while the horizontal distribution shows roughly flat around Z=-670 cm. The above characteristics were discussed with aid of neutral transport simulation using DEGAS Monte-Carlo Code.

  3. Anchor institutions and local economic development through procurement : an analysis of strategies to stimulate the growth of local and minority enterprises through supplier linkages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De La O, Iris Marlene

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Anchor institutions, such as hospitals and universities are increasingly engaging in community and economic development initiatives in their host cities. Annually, these institutions spend millions of dollar on a variety ...

  4. Scoring and mapping bovine anchor loci and screening polymorphic markers for horns and coat color in a Bos indicus X Bos taurus cross

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brenneman, Rick Alan

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    chromosomes or syntenic groups, 12 markers are assigned to linkage groups, and 19 are unassigned and unlinked markers. In order to more efficiently assign the markers under development to chromosomes, additional anchor loci were scored and tested...

  5. A study of planar anchor groups for graphene-based single-molecule electronics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, Steven; Visontai, David; Lambert, Colin J., E-mail: c.lambert@lancaster.ac.uk [Department of Physics, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YB (United Kingdom); Bryce, Martin R. [Department of Chemistry, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)] [Department of Chemistry, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Frampton, Harry; Chappell, David [BP Exploration Operating Company Limited, Chertsey Road, Sunbury on Thames, Middlesex TW16 7BP (United Kingdom)] [BP Exploration Operating Company Limited, Chertsey Road, Sunbury on Thames, Middlesex TW16 7BP (United Kingdom)

    2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    To identify families of stable planar anchor groups for use in single molecule electronics, we report detailed results for the binding energies of two families of anthracene and pyrene derivatives adsorbed onto graphene. We find that all the selected derivatives functionalized with either electron donating or electron accepting substituents bind more strongly to graphene than the parent non-functionalized anthracene or pyrene. The binding energy is sensitive to the detailed atomic alignment of substituent groups over the graphene substrate leading to larger than expected binding energies for OH and CN derivatives. Furthermore, the ordering of the binding energies within the anthracene and pyrene series does not simply follow the electron affinities of the substituents. Energy barriers to rotation or displacement on the graphene surface are much lower than binding energies for adsorption and therefore at room temperature, although the molecules are bound to the graphene, they are almost free to move along the graphene surface. Binding energies can be increased by incorporating electrically inert side chains and are sensitive to the conformation of such chains.

  6. Moore's law and the impact on trusted and radiation-hardened microelectronics.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, Kwok Kee

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1965 Gordon Moore wrote an article claiming that integrated circuit density would scale exponentially. His prediction has remained valid for more than four decades. Integrated circuits have changed all aspects of everyday life. They are also the 'heart and soul' of modern systems for defense, national infrastructure, and intelligence applications. The United States government needs an assured and trusted microelectronics supply for military systems. However, migration of microelectronics design and manufacturing from the United States to other countries in recent years has placed the supply of trusted microelectronics in jeopardy. Prevailing wisdom dictates that it is necessary to use microelectronics fabricated in a state-of-the-art technology for highest performance and military system superiority. Close examination of silicon microelectronics technology evolution and Moore's Law reveals that this prevailing wisdom is not necessarily true. This presents the US government the possibility of a totally new approach to acquire trusted microelectronics.

  7. An assessment of potential for benefit from integrating geographic information systems technology into life-cycle management of infrastructures a focus for infrastructure management practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millegan, Harold Lynn

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : Dr. Robert L. Lytton Infrastructure life-cycle management phases with the greatest potential for benefit from Geographic Information Systems (GIS), is the subject of this thesis. The planning, design, construction, operations, maintenance... then focuses on analysis of data collected by a questionnaire sent to in&astructure managers in Texas. The survey was made to assess how important and frequently they deal with issues associated with the planning, design, construction, operation, maintenance...

  8. The SILCC (SImulating the LifeCycle of molecular Clouds) project: I. Chemical evolution of the supernova-driven ISM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walch, S K; Naab, T; Gatto, A; Glover, S C O; Wnsch, R; Klessen, R S; Clark, P C; Peters, T; Baczynski, C

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The SILCC project (SImulating the Life-Cycle of molecular Clouds) aims at a more self-consistent understanding of the interstellar medium (ISM) on small scales and its link to galaxy evolution. We simulate the evolution of the multi-phase ISM in a 500 pc x 500 pc x 10 kpc region of a galactic disc, with a gas surface density of $\\Sigma_{_{\\rm GAS}} = 10 \\;{\\rm M}_\\odot/{\\rm pc}^2$. The Flash 4.1 simulations include an external potential, self-gravity, magnetic fields, heating and radiative cooling, time-dependent chemistry of H$_2$ and CO considering (self-) shielding, and supernova (SN) feedback. We explore SN explosions at different (fixed) rates in high-density regions (peak), in random locations (random), in a combination of both (mixed), or clustered in space and time (clustered). Only random or clustered models with self-gravity (which evolve similarly) are in agreement with observations. Molecular hydrogen forms in dense filaments and clumps and contributes 20% - 40% to the total mass, whereas most of ...

  9. Geographical scenario uncertainty in generic fate and exposure factors of toxic pollutants for life-cycle impact assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huijbregts, Mark A.J.; Lundi, Sven; McKone, Thomas E.; van de Meent, D.

    2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In environmental life-cycle assessments (LCA), fate and exposure factors account for the general fate and exposure properties of chemicals under generic environmental conditions by means of 'evaluative' multi-media fate and exposure box models. To assess the effect of using different generic environmental conditions, fate and exposure factors of chemicals emitted under typical conditions of (1) Western Europe, (2) Australia and (3) the United States of America were compared with the multi-media fate and exposure box model USES-LCA. Comparing the results of the three evaluative environments, it was found that the uncertainty in fate and exposure factors for ecosystems and humans due to choice of an evaluative environment, as represented by the ratio of the 97.5th and 50th percentile, is between a factor 2 and 10. Particularly, fate and exposure factors of emissions causing effects in fresh water ecosystems and effects on human health have relatively high uncertainty. This uncertainty i s mainly caused by the continental difference in the average soil erosion rate, the dimensions of the fresh water and agricultural soil compartment, and the fraction of drinking water coming from ground water.

  10. Building Trust in Storage Outsourcing: Secure Accounting of Utility Storage Vishal Kher and Yongdae Kim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Dae-Shik

    Building Trust in Storage Outsourcing: Secure Accounting of Utility Storage Vishal Kher and Yongdae. While storage outsourcing is cost-effective, many compa- nies are hesitating to outsource their storage due to security concerns. The success of storage outsourcing is highly de- pendent on how well

  11. An Assessment of Image Quality in Geology Works from the HathiTrust Digital Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McEathron, Scott R.

    2011-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This study assesses the quality of both images and text in a sample from the 2,180 works on geology from the HathiTrust Digital Library (multi-institutional digital repository)--an outgrowth of the Michigan Digitization Project and partnership...

  12. CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Physicians and the Pharmaceutical Industry Working

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Physicians and the Pharmaceutical Industry Working Party April 2008 Page 1 of 4 Royal College of Physicians: Physicians and the Pharmaceutical Industry to respond to the Royal College of Physicians consultation on physicians and the pharmaceutical industry

  13. Trust in Ad hoc Networks A Novel Approach based on Clustering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haddadi, Hamed

    Trust in Ad hoc Networks A Novel Approach based on Clustering J. Boodnah and E.M. Scharf Department of Electronic Engineering, Queen Mary, University of London Abstract Ad hoc Networks by virtue of their nature constraints to the network. 1. Introduction: Mobile Ad hoc Networks ­ Uses and Characteristics Mobile ad hoc

  14. http://www.cs.ucsb.edu/~sherwood/RCsec/ CyberTrust PI Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Blurring the line between software and hardware, reconfigurable hardware offers the raw high speed such as flight control and anti-lock braking, an adversary or rogue nation could potentially craft a soft core functions have different levels of trust (for example the anti-lock brakes and the MP3 player in your car

  15. Service Oriented Architecture for Monitoring Cargo in Motion Along Trusted Corridors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    Service Oriented Architecture for Monitoring Cargo in Motion Along Trusted Corridors M. Kuehnhausen. It is built as a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) using open web service specifications and Open Geospatial and the fundamental ideas behind a Service Oriented Architecture are explained in detail. The system was evaluated

  16. Integration of Business and Industrial Knowledge on Services to Set Trusted Business Communities of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ones) to define extended business service models, paying a particular attention on "fIntegration of Business and Industrial Knowledge on Services to Set Trusted Business Communities, the European Union promotes clearly internet of services based solutions to support innovative business

  17. Trust and Exclusion in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks: An Economic Incentive Model based Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Trust and Exclusion in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks: An Economic Incentive Model based Approach Nadia, and lowers the overall data reception ratio in the network. To tackle this, we propose a new incentive model with exclusion for malicious nodes called VIME. VIME is inspired from the signaling theory from economics

  18. Evaluation of Network Trust Using Provenance Based on Distributed Local Intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    @illinois.edu, prasant@cs.ucdavis.edu, jinhee.cho@us.army.mil City University of New York University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign University of California, Davis §U.S. Army Research Laboratory Abstract--Provenance can such as energy loss, en- vironmental conditions or exhausting sources. We introduce a node-level trust

  19. TrustForge: Flexible Access Control for Collaborative Crowd-Sourced Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    movement, the Adaptive Vehicle Make (AVM) is a program run by the Defense Advanced Project Agency (DARPA) with the goal of applying crowd-sourced and component-based engineering to the design of military vehicles very labor-intensive and inefficient. Our aim with TrustForge is to improve the automation

  20. An Efficient PIR Construction Using Trusted Yanjiang Yang1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Xuhua

    An Efficient PIR Construction Using Trusted Hardware Yanjiang Yang1,2 , Xuhua Ding1 , Robert H (PIR) scheme to be de- ployed in practice, low communication complexity and low computation complexity are two fundamental requirements it must meet. Most ex- isting PIR schemes only focus on the communication

  1. THE USE OF TRUST REGIONS IN KOHN-SHAM TOTAL ENERGY MINIMIZATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

    -consistent and the Kohn-Sham (KS) total energy function associated with the system reaches the global minimum. It has longTHE USE OF TRUST REGIONS IN KOHN-SHAM TOTAL ENERGY MINIMIZATION CHAO YANG , JUAN C. MEZA , AND LIN system, is viewed in this paper as an optimization procedure that minimizes the Kohn- Sham total energy

  2. Trust in the Health Care System and the Use of Preventive Health Services by Older Black

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheikh, Yaser Ajmal

    Trust in the Health Care System and the Use of Preventive Health Services by Older Black and White. Thomas, PhD There is strong empirical evidence of health care disparities between Black and White preventive care.1­5 The causes of disparities in health care are complex and have been the subject

  3. Use of Nested Certificates for Efficient, Dynamic and Trust Preserving Public Key Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Albert

    Use of Nested Certificates for Efficient, Dynamic and Trust Preserving Public Key Infrastructure the certificates on this path recursively. This is the classical methodology. Nested certification is a novel nested certificates ­ for other certificates. Nested certificates can be used together with classical

  4. Use of Nested Certificates for Efficient, Dynamic and Trust Preserving Public Key Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Use of Nested Certificates for Efficient, Dynamic and Trust Preserving Public Key Infrastructure), and verify the certificates on this path recursively. This is the classical methodology. Nested certification certificates ­ called nested certificates ­ for other certificates. Nested certificates can be used together

  5. Promises, Premises and Risks: Sharing Responsibilities, Working Up Trust and Sustaining Commitment in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mogensen, Preben Holst

    Promises, Premises and Risks: Sharing Responsibilities, Working Up Trust and Sustaining Commitment into processes of design and development, and eliding the boundaries between production and use. To do this involves commitment and creativity from the different participants ­ in our cases, users, designers

  6. Experience you can trust. The U.S. Smart Grid Revolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Experience you can trust. The U.S. Smart Grid Revolution KEMA's Perspectives for Job Creation of Contents The U.S. Smart Grid Revolution December 23, 2008 KEMA's Perspectives for Job Creation i 1.S...............................................................................................2-1 2.2 Smart Grid Activity in the U

  7. Trusting Routers and Relays in Ad hoc Networks. Prashant Dewan and Partha Dasgupta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dasgupta, Partha

    with tangential goals belonging to the members of the network. In such situations micro payments can be cashedTrusting Routers and Relays in Ad hoc Networks. Prashant Dewan and Partha Dasgupta Arizona State University dewan@asu.edu, partha@asu.edu Abstract The current generation of ad hoc networks relies on other

  8. Call for Demos and Exhibition The 9th IEEE International Conference on Autonomic and Trusted

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kourai, Kenichi

    __________________________________________________________________ The 9th IEEE International Conference on Autonomic and Trusted Computing (ATC-2012) Fukuoka and Computing community. The accepted demo/exhibition will be included in the CPS conference proceedings in the main conference, workshops, other conferences and venues, as well as systems and video. We encourage

  9. A Formal Framework for Trust Policy Negotiation in Autonomic Systems: Abduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Formal Framework for Trust Policy Negotiation in Autonomic Systems: Abduction with Soft show that soft constraints can be used to model logical reasoning, that is deduction and abduction (and induction). In partic- ular, we focus on the abduction process and we show how it can be implemented

  10. Restoring public trust while tearing down site in rural Ohio

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, Jerry [Fluor Ltd, Richland WA 99352 (United States); Wagner, Jeffrey [Fluor Fernald, P.O. Box 538704, Cincinnati, Ohio 45253-8704 (United States); Connell, Judy [Fluor Hanford Inc. P.O. Box 1000, Richland WA 99352 (United States)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the mid-1980's, the impact of three decades of uranium processing near rural Fernald, Ohio, 18 miles northwest of Cincinnati, became the centre of national public controversy. When a series of incidents at the uranium foundry brought to light the years of contamination to the environment and surrounding farmland communities, local citizens' groups united and demanded a role in determining the plans for cleaning up the site. One citizens' group, Fernald Residents for Environmental Safety and Health (FRESH), formed in 1984 following reports that nearly 300 pounds of enriched uranium oxide had been released from a dust-collector system, and three off-property wells south of the site were contaminated with uranium. For 22 years, FRESH monitored activities at Fernald and participated in the decision-making process with management and regulators. The job of FRESH ended on 19 January this year when the Fernald Site was declared clean of all nuclear contamination and open to public access. It marked the end of a remarkable turnaround in public confidence and trust that had attracted critical reports from around the world. When personnel from Fluor arrived in 1992, the management team thought it understood the issues and concerns of each stakeholder group, and was determined to implement the decommissioning scope of work aggressively, confident that stakeholders would agree with its plans. This approach resulted in strained relationships with opinion leaders during the early months of Fluor's contract. To forge better relationships, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) who owns the site, and Fluor embarked on three new strategies based on engaging citizens and interested stakeholder groups in the decision-making process. The first strategy was opening communication channels with site leadership, technical staff, and regulators. This strategy combined a strong public-information program with two-way communications between management and the community, soliciting and encouraging stakeholder participation early in the decision-making process. Fluor's public-participation strategy exceeded the 'check-the-box' approach common within the nuclear-weapons complex, and set a national standard that stands alone today. The second stakeholder-engagement strategy sprang from mending fences with the regulators and the community. The approach for disposing low-level waste was a 25-year plan to ship it off the site. Working with stakeholders, DOE and Fluor were able to convince the community to accept a plan to safely store waste permanently on site, which would save 15 years of cleanup and millions of dollars in cost. The third strategy addressed the potentially long delays in finalizing remedial action plans due to formal public comment periods and State and Federal regulatory approvals. Working closely with the U.S. and Ohio Environmental Protection Agencies (EPA) and other stakeholders, DOE and Fluor were able to secure approvals of five Records of Decision on time - a first for the DOE complex. Developing open and honest relationships with union leaders, the workforce, regulators and community groups played a major role in DOE and Fluor cleaning up and closing the site. Using lessons learned at Fernald, DOE was able to resolve challenges at other sites, including worker transition, labour disputes, and damaged relationships with regulators and the community. It took significant time early in the project to convince the workforce that their future lay in cleanup, not in holding out hope for production to resume. It took more time to repair relationships with Ohio regulators and the local community. Developing these relationships over the years required constant, open communications between site decision makers and stakeholders to identify issues and to overcome potential barriers. Fluor's open public-participation strategy resulted in stakeholder consensus of five remedial-action plans that directed Fernald cleanup. This strategy included establishing a public-participation program that emphasized a shared-decision making process and aband

  11. Business bridging ethnicity : how business transactions in Trinidad build trust and friendship but don't reduce prejudice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kilroy, Austin

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Do business transactions between individuals of different ethnicities lead to social spillovers, in terms of building trust, friendship, and reducing prejudice? In this dissertation I interrogate that research question ...

  12. Earning public trust and confidence: Requisites for managing radioactive wastes. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Task Force on Radioactive Waste Management was created in April 1991 by former Secretary James D. Watkins, who asked the group to analyze the critical institutional question of how the Department of Energy (DOE) might strengthen public trust and confidence in the civilian radioactive waste management program. The panel met eight times over a period of 27 months and heard formal presentations from nearly 100 representatives of state and local governments, non-governmental organizations, and senior DOE Headquarters and Field Office managers. The group also commissioned a variety of studies from independent experts, contracted with the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Public Administration to hold workshops on designing and leading trust-evoking organizations, and carried out one survey of parties affected by the Department`s radioactive waste management activities and a second one of DOE employees and contractors.

  13. Facts and Figures January 2007 INCOME AND EXPENDITURE (Excluding Press, CA & Trusts) 2005-06

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Travis, Adrian

    Facts and Figures January 2007 INCOME AND EXPENDITURE (Excluding Press, CA & Trusts) 2005-06 2004,928 Breakdown of Research Grant Income 2005-06 £'000 % £'000 Total staff 8602 8570 8,623 Research Councils 89,095 Total 203,886 188,711 Total respondents 2,890 100.0% 3,227 100.0 Breakdown of HEFCE/TDA Income 2005-06

  14. Technical Qualifications for Treating Photovoltaic Assets as Real Property by Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, D.; Mendelsohn, M.; Coughlin, J.

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been proposed that Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) have the potential to lower the cost and increase the adoption of photovoltaic systems (PV) by offering a more attractive source of capital. The purpose of this paper is to explain the fundamental physical characteristics of PV and compare them to the characteristics of 'real' property, to help determine whether REITs can own PV systems.

  15. Methods of dealing with co-products of biofuels in life-cycle analysis and consequent results within the U.S. context.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, M.; Huo, H.; Arora, S. (Energy Systems)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Products other than biofuels are produced in biofuel plants. For example, corn ethanol plants produce distillers grains and solubles. Soybean crushing plants produce soy meal and soy oil, which is used for biodiesel production. Electricity is generated in sugarcane ethanol plants both for internal consumption and export to the electric grid. Future cellulosic ethanol plants could be designed to co-produce electricity with ethanol. It is important to take co-products into account in the life-cycle analysis of biofuels and several methods are available to do so. Although the International Standard Organization's ISO 14040 advocates the system boundary expansion method (also known as the 'displacement method' or the 'substitution method') for life-cycle analyses, application of the method has been limited because of the difficulty in identifying and quantifying potential products to be displaced by biofuel co-products. As a result, some LCA studies and policy-making processes have considered alternative methods. In this paper, we examine the available methods to deal with biofuel co-products, explore the strengths and weaknesses of each method, and present biofuel LCA results with different co-product methods within the U.S. context.

  16. The management program at Stetson University is anchored in the behavioral and social sciences and might best be described as an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    of the undergraduate learning experience in management prepares students for a smooth transition to learning practicesManagement The management program at Stetson University is anchored in the behavioral and social sciences and might best be described as an "applied behavioral science" program. Management majors receive

  17. Lifecycle Analyses of Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2004). www.bioproducts- bioenergy.gov/pdfs/NRDC-Growing-as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: Theof Biobased Polymers and Bioenergy, Journal of Industrial

  18. Lifecycle Analyses of Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    into a synthesis gas (syngas) consisting of CO, H 2 , CO 2 ,DRAFT WORKING MANUSCRIPT The syngas exiting the gasifier isdownstream catalysts. The syngas then undergoes a series of

  19. Lifecycle Analyses of Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Balance of Corn Ethanol, Agricultural Economic Report Number 721, Economic Research Service, United States

  20. Lifecycle Analyses of Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the production of a primary resource, such as crude oil,production: the transformation of a primary resource, such as crude oilproduction facility. For example, the transport of crude oil

  1. Lifecycle Analyses of Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Andress, Comparison of Ethanol Fuel Cycles in the GHG ModelsD. Pimentel, Ethanol Fuels: Energy Balance, Economics, andUsing Corn Stover for Fuel Ethanol, Journal of Industrial

  2. Lifecycle Analyses of Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    switchgrass, and wood; biodiesel from soy No model per se;Diesel (crude oil) (g/mi) Biodiesel (SD100 (soy)) Ethanol (switchgrass, and wood; biodiesel from soybeans; methanol,

  3. Lifecycle Analyses of Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The syngas exiting the gasifier is cooled and then quenchedThe equipment downstream of the gasifier for conversion to

  4. Lifecycle Analyses of Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    between grain-to-ethanol processes and cellulose-to-ethanolcorn ethanol from corn, cellulose ethanol from corn stoverfrom corn - 50% to -10% Ethanol from cellulose -100% to -40%

  5. Consumer life-cycle cost impacts of energy-efficiency standards for residential-type central air conditioners and heat pumps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosenquist, Gregory; Chan, Peter; Lekov, Alex; McMahon, James; Van Buskirk, Robert

    2001-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In support of the federal government's efforts to raise the minimum energy-efficiency standards for residential-type central air conditioners and heat pumps, a consumer life-cycle cost (LCC) analysis was conducted to demonstrate the economic impacts on individual consumers from revisions to the standards. LCC is the consumer's cost of purchasing and installing an air conditioner or heat pump and operating the unit over its lifetime. The LCC analysis is conducted on a nationally representative sample of air conditioner and heat pump consumers resulting in a distribution of LCC impacts showing the percentage of consumers that are either benefiting or being burdened by increased standards. Relative to the existing minimum efficiency standard of 10 SEER, the results show that a majority of split system air conditioner and heat pump consumers will either benefit or be insignificantly impacted by increased efficiency standards of up to 13 SEER.

  6. Final Technical Report Advanced Anchoring Technology DOE Award Number DE-EE0003632 Project Period 09/10 -???????? 09/12

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meggitt, Dallas J.

    2012-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    It is generally conceded that the costs associated with current practices for the mooring, anchoring, or foundation systems of Marine HydroKinetic (MHK) and Deepwater Floating Wind systems are a disproportionate portion of the total cost of an installed system. Reducing the cost of the mooring and anchoring components for MHK systems can contribute substantially to reducing the levelized cost of electricity (LCOE). Micropile anchors can reduce the LCOE both directly, because the anchors, associated mooring hardware and installation costs are less than conventional anchor and mooring systems, but also because micropile anchors require less extensive geotechnical surveys for confident design and proper implementation of an anchor or foundation system. This report presents the results of the development of critical elements of grouted marine micropile anchor (MMA) technology for application to MHK energy conversion systems and other ocean engineering applications that require fixing equipment to the seafloor. Specifically, this project identified grout formulations and developed designs for grout dispensing systems suitable for use in a seawater environment as a critical development need for successful implementation of practical MMA systems. The project conducted a thorough review of available information on the use of cement-based grouts in seawater. Based on this review and data available from commercial sources, the project selected a range of grout formulations for testing as part of a micropile system. The project also reviewed instrumentation for measuring grout density, pressure and flow rate, and integrated an instrumentation system suitable for use with micropile installation. The grout formulations and instrumentation system were tested successfully and demonstrated the suitability of MMA technology for implementation into anchor systems for MHK and other marine renewable energy systems. In addition, this project developed conceptual designs for micropile anchor systems and the associated drilling and grouting systems to demonstrate the feasibility and practicality of micropile anchors. This report presents several conceptual system designs for different applications. This project has concluded that grouted marine micropile anchor technology is practical and very attractive technically and financially for marine renewable energy applications. This technology is considered to be at a Technology Readiness Level 5.

  7. Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems 2010 Peer Review Presentatio...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    - Protecting Intelligent Distributed Power Grids Against Cyber Attacks - Dong Wei, Siemens.pdf CEDS 2010 Peer Review - Protecting PCS Against Lifecycle Attacks Using Trust...

  8. TRUST: A Computer Program for Variably Saturated Flow in Multidimensional, Deformable Media

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reisenauer, A. E.; Key, K. T.; Narasimhan, T. N.; Nelson, R. W.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The computer code, TRUST. provides a versatile tool to solve a wide spectrum of fluid flow problems arising in variably saturated deformable porous media. The governing equations express the conservation of fluid mass in an elemental volume that has a constant volume of solid. Deformation of the skeleton may be nonelastic. Permeability and compressibility coefficients may be nonlinearly related to effective stress. Relationships between permeability and saturation with pore water pressure in the unsaturated zone may include hysteresis. The code developed by T. N. Narasimhan grew out of the original TRUNP code written by A. L. Edwards. The code uses an integrated finite difference algorithm for numerically solving the governing equation. Narching in time is performed by a mixed explicit-implicit numerical procedure in which the time step is internally controlled. The time step control and related feature in the TRUST code provide an effective control of the potential numerical instabilities that can arise in the course of solving this difficult class of nonlinear boundary value problem. This document brings together the equations, theory, and users manual for the code as well as a sample case with input and output.

  9. The Crystal Structures of Yeast Get3 Suggest a Mechanism for Tail-Anchored Protein Membrane Insertion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Junbin; Li, Jingzhi; Qian, Xinguo; Denic, Vlad; Sha, Bingdong; (UAB); (Harvard)

    2010-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Tail-anchored (TA) proteins represent a unique class of membrane proteins that contain a single C-terminal transmembrane helix. The post-translational insertion of the yeast TA proteins into the ER membrane requires the Golgi ER trafficking (GET) complex which contains Get1, Get2 and Get3. Get3 is an ATPase that recognizes and binds the C-terminal transmembrane domain (TMD) of the TA proteins. We have determined the crystal structures of Get3 from two yeast species, S. cerevisiae and D. hansenii, respectively. These high resolution crystal structures show that Get3 contains a nucleotide-binding domain and a 'finger' domain for binding the TA protein TMD. A large hydrophobic groove on the finger domain of S. cerevisiae Get3 structure might represent the binding site for TMD of TA proteins. A hydrophobic helix from a symmetry-related Get3 molecule sits in the TMD-binding groove and mimics the TA binding scenario. Interestingly, the crystal structures of the Get3 dimers from S. cerevisiae and D. hansenii exhibit distinct conformations. The S. cerevisiae Get3 dimer structure does not contain nucleotides and maintains an 'open' conformation, while the D. hansenii Get3 dimer structure binds ADP and stays in a 'closed' conformation. We propose that the conformational changes to switch the Get3 between the open and closed conformations may facilitate the membrane insertions for TA proteins.

  10. Network-based Root of Trust for Installation Joshua Schiffman, Thomas Moyer, Trent Jaeger and Patrick McDaniel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yener, Aylin

    Department, Pennsylvania State University Administrators of large data centers often require network be automated for the administrator. The result is that secure network installation, even over an untrustedNetwork-based Root of Trust for Installation Joshua Schiffman, Thomas Moyer, Trent Jaeger

  11. NOMINATIONS INVITED The Executive Director of the Karl W. Ber Solar Energy Medal of Merit Trust, Prof. Michael T. Klein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    NOMINATIONS INVITED · The Executive Director of the Karl W. Böer Solar Energy Medal of Merit Trust will be awarded to an individual who has made significant pioneering contributions in solar energy, wind energy to the fields of solar energy, wind energy, or other forms of renewable energy in other ways. PANEL OF JUDGES

  12. SourceRank: Relevance and Trust Assessment for Deep Web Sources Based on Inter-Source Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Subbarao

    SourceRank: Relevance and Trust Assessment for Deep Web Sources Based on Inter-Source Agreement Tempe AZ USA 85287 rajub@asu.edu, rao@asu.edu ABSTRACT One immediate challenge in searching the deep web-similarity-based relevance assess- ment. When applied to the deep web these methods have two deficiencies. First

  13. SourceRank: Relevance and Trust Assessment for Deep Web Sources Based on Inter-Source Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Subbarao

    SourceRank: Relevance and Trust Assessment for Deep Web Sources Based on Inter-Source Agreement. Existing methods have two deficiencies for applying to the open col- lections like the deep web. First query in the deep web, the agreements between theses an- swer sets are likely to be helpful in assessing

  14. Assessing Relevance and Trust of the Deep Web Sources and Results Based on Inter-Source Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Subbarao

    A Assessing Relevance and Trust of the Deep Web Sources and Results Based on Inter-Source Agreement Jha, Arizona State University Deep web search engines face the formidable challenge of retrieving high quality results from the vast collection of searchable databases. Deep web search is a two step process

  15. Comprehensive Lifecycle Planning and Management System For Addressing Water Issues Associated With Shale Gas Development In New York, Pennsylvania, And West Virginia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Daniel Arthur

    2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project is to develop a modeling system to allow operators and regulators to plan all aspects of water management activities associated with shale gas development in the target project area of New York, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia (??target area?), including water supply, transport, storage, use, recycling, and disposal and which can be used for planning, managing, forecasting, permit tracking, and compliance monitoring. The proposed project is a breakthrough approach to represent the entire shale gas water lifecycle in one comprehensive system with the capability to analyze impacts and options for operational efficiency and regulatory tracking and compliance, and to plan for future water use and disposition. It will address all of the major water-related issues of concern associated with shale gas development in the target area, including water withdrawal, transport, storage, use, treatment, recycling, and disposal. It will analyze the costs, water use, and wastes associated with the available options, and incorporate constraints presented by permit requirements, agreements, local and state regulations, equipment and material availability, etc. By using the system to examine the water lifecycle from withdrawals through disposal, users will be able to perform scenario analysis to answer "what if" questions for various situations. The system will include regulatory requirements of the appropriate state and regional agencies and facilitate reporting and permit applications and tracking. These features will allow operators to plan for more cost effective resource production. Regulators will be able to analyze impacts of development over an entire area. Regulators can then make informed decisions about the protections and practices that should be required as development proceeds. This modeling system will have myriad benefits for industry, government, and the public. For industry, it will allow planning all water management operations for a project or an area as one entity to optimize water use and minimize costs subject to regulatory and other constraints. It will facilitate analysis of options and tradeoffs, and will also simplify permitting and reporting to regulatory agencies. The system will help regulators study cumulative impacts of development, conserve water resources, and manage disposal options across a region. It will also allow them to track permits and monitor compliance. The public will benefit from water conservation, improved environmental performance as better system wide decisions are made, and greater supply of natural gas, with attendant lower prices, as costs are reduced and development is assisted through better planning and scheduling. Altogether, better economics and fewer barriers will facilitate recovery of the more than 300 trillion cubic feet of estimated recoverable natural gas resource in the Marcellus Shale in a manner that protects the environment.

  16. Life-cycle cost comparisons of advanced storage batteries and fuel cells for utility, stand-alone, and electric vehicle applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Humphreys, K.K.; Brown, D.R.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a comparison of battery and fuel cell economics for ten different technologies. To develop an equitable economic comparison, the technologies were evaluated on a life-cycle cost (LCC) basis. The LCC comparison involved normalizing source estimates to a standard set of assumptions and preparing a lifetime cost scenario for each technology, including the initial capital cost, replacement costs, operating and maintenance (O M) costs, auxiliary energy costs, costs due to system inefficiencies, the cost of energy stored, and salvage costs or credits. By considering all the costs associated with each technology over its respective lifetime, the technology that is most economical to operate over any given period of time can be determined. An analysis of this type indicates whether paying a high initial capital cost for a technology with low O M costs is more or less economical on a lifetime basis than purchasing a technology with a low initial capital cost and high O M costs. It is important to realize that while minimizing cost is important, the customer will not always purchase the least expensive technology. The customer may identify benefits associated with a more expensive option that make it the more attractive over all (e.g., reduced construction lead times, modularity, environmental benefits, spinning reserve, etc.). The LCC estimates presented in this report represent three end-use applications: utility load-leveling, stand-alone power systems, and electric vehicles.

  17. Comparative analysis of the production costs and life-cycle GHG emissions of FT liquid fuels from coal and natural gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paulina Jaramillo; W. Michael Griffin; H. Scott Matthews [Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA (USA). Civil and Environmental Engineering Department

    2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Liquid transportation fuels derived from coal and natural gas could help the United States reduce its dependence on petroleum. The fuels could be produced domestically or imported from fossil fuel-rich countries. The goal of this paper is to determine the life-cycle GHG emissions of coal- and natural gas-based Fischer-Tropsch (FT) liquids, as well as to compare production costs. The results show that the use of coal- or natural gas-based FT liquids will likely lead to significant increases in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions compared to petroleum-based fuels. In a best-case scenario, coal- or natural gas-based FT-liquids have emissions only comparable to petroleum-based fuels. In addition, the economic advantages of gas-to-liquid (GTL) fuels are not obvious: there is a narrow range of petroleum and natural gas prices at which GTL fuels would be competitive with petroleum-based fuels. CTL fuels are generally cheaper than petroleum-based fuels. However, recent reports suggest there is uncertainty about the availability of economically viable coal resources in the United States. If the U.S. has a goal of increasing its energy security, and at the same time significantly reducing its GHG emissions, neither CTL nor GTL consumption seem a reasonable path to follow. 28 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs.

  18. Comparisons of four categories of waste recycling in China's paper industry based on physical input-output life-cycle assessment model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liang Sai [School of Environment, State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Zhang, Tianzhu, E-mail: zhangtz@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn [School of Environment, State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Xu Yijian [School of Environment, State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); China Academy of Urban Planning and Design, Beijing 100037 (China)

    2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Using crop straws and wood wastes for paper production should be promoted. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bagasse and textile waste recycling should be properly limited. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Imports of scrap paper should be encouraged. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sensitivity analysis, uncertainties and policy implications are discussed. - Abstract: Waste recycling for paper production is an important component of waste management. This study constructs a physical input-output life-cycle assessment (PIO-LCA) model. The PIO-LCA model is used to investigate environmental impacts of four categories of waste recycling in China's paper industry: crop straws, bagasse, textile wastes and scrap paper. Crop straw recycling and wood utilization for paper production have small total intensity of environmental impacts. Moreover, environmental impacts reduction of crop straw recycling and wood utilization benefits the most from technology development. Thus, using crop straws and wood (including wood wastes) for paper production should be promoted. Technology development has small effects on environmental impacts reduction of bagasse recycling, textile waste recycling and scrap paper recycling. In addition, bagasse recycling and textile waste recycling have big total intensity of environmental impacts. Thus, the development of bagasse recycling and textile waste recycling should be properly limited. Other pathways for reusing bagasse and textile wastes should be explored and evaluated. Moreover, imports of scrap paper should be encouraged to reduce large indirect impacts of scrap paper recycling on domestic environment.

  19. A study of the relationship between trust and the effective communication of information within project teams of large high tech organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scherer, Alyson

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigates the effects trust has on the truthfulness of communications and its effectiveness within a project team. The research focuses specifically on organizational context, the situational forces that exist ...

  20. Life-Cycle Cost and Risk Analysis of Alternative Configurations for Shipping Low-Level Radioactive Waste to the Nevada Test Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PM Daling; SB Ross; BM Biwer

    1999-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is a major receiver of low-level radioactive waste (LLW) for disposal. Currently, all LLW received at NTS is shipped by truck. The trucks use highway routes to NTS that pass through the Las Vegas Valley and over Hoover Dam, which is a concern of local stakeholder groups in the State of Nevada. Rail service offers the opportunity to reduce transportation risks and costs, according to the Waste Management Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (WM-PEIS). However, NTS and some DOE LLW generator sites are not served with direct rail service so intermodal transport is under consideration. Intermodal transport involves transport via two modes, in this case truck and rail, from the generator sites to NTS. LLW shipping containers would be transferred between trucks and railcars at intermodal transfer points near the LLW generator sites, NTS, or both. An Environmental Assessment (EA)for Intermodal Transportation of Low-Level Radioactive Waste to the Nevada Test Site (referred to as the NTSIntermodal -M) has been prepared to determine whether there are environmental impacts to alterations to the current truck routing or use of intermodal facilities within the State of Nevada. However, an analysis of the potential impacts outside the State of Nevada are not addressed in the NTS Intermodal EA. This study examines the rest of the transportation network between LLW generator sites and the NTS and evaluates the costs, risks, and feasibility of integrating intermodal shipments into the LLW transportation system. This study evaluates alternative transportation system configurations for NTS approved and potential generators based on complex-wide LLW load information. Technical judgments relative to the availability of DOE LLW generators to ship from their sites by rail were developed. Public and worker risk and life-cycle cost components are quantified. The study identifies and evaluates alternative scenarios that increase the use of rail (intermodal where needed) to transport LLW from generator sites to NTS.

  1. Glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored membrane association of the porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus GP4 glycoprotein and its co-localization with CD163 in lipid rafts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Du, Yijun [Department of Pathobiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2001 South Lincoln Ave, Urbana, IL 61802 (United States) [Department of Pathobiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2001 South Lincoln Ave, Urbana, IL 61802 (United States); Shandong Key Laboratory of Animal Disease Control and Breeding, Institute of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Jinan (China); Pattnaik, Asit K. [School of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and the Nebraska Center for Virology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583-0900 (United States)] [School of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and the Nebraska Center for Virology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583-0900 (United States); Song, Cheng [Department of Pathobiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2001 South Lincoln Ave, Urbana, IL 61802 (United States)] [Department of Pathobiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2001 South Lincoln Ave, Urbana, IL 61802 (United States); Yoo, Dongwan, E-mail: dyoo@illinois.edu [Department of Pathobiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2001 South Lincoln Ave, Urbana, IL 61802 (United States)] [Department of Pathobiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2001 South Lincoln Ave, Urbana, IL 61802 (United States); Li, Gang, E-mail: dyoo@illinois.edu [Department of Pathobiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2001 South Lincoln Ave, Urbana, IL 61802 (United States) [Department of Pathobiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2001 South Lincoln Ave, Urbana, IL 61802 (United States); Institute of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing (China)

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) glycoprotein 4 (GP4) resembles a typical type I membrane protein in its structure but lacks a hydrophilic tail at the C-terminus, suggesting that GP4 may be a lipid-anchored membrane protein. Using the human decay-accelerating factor (DAF; CD55), a known glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI) lipid-anchored protein, chimeric constructs were made to substitute the GPI-anchor domain of DAF with the putative lipid-anchor domain of GP4, and their membrane association and lipase cleavage were determined in cells. The DAF-GP4 fusion protein was transported to the plasma membrane and was cleaved by phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC), indicating that the C-terminal domain of GP4 functions as a GPI anchor. Mutational studies for residues adjacent to the GPI modification site and characterization of respective mutant viruses generated from infectious cDNA clones show that the ability of GP4 for membrane association corresponded to virus viability and growth characteristics. The residues T158 ({omega} - 2, where {omega} is the GPI moiety at E160), P159 ({omega} - 1), and M162 ({omega} + 2) of GP4 were determined to be important for virus replication, with M162 being of particular importance for virus infectivity. The complete removal of the peptide-anchor domain in GP4 resulted in a complete loss of virus infectivity. The depletion of cholesterol from the plasma membrane of cells reduced the virus production, suggesting a role of lipid rafts in PRRSV infection. Remarkably, GP4 was found to co-localize with CD163 in the lipid rafts on the plasma membrane. Since CD163 has been reported as a cellular receptor for PRRSV and GP4 has been shown to interact with this receptor, our data implicates an important role of lipid rafts during entry of the virus.

  2. Master Limited Partnerships and Real Estate Investment Trusts: Opportunities and Potential Complications for Renewable Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, D.; Settle, E.

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Master Limited Partnerships (MLPs) and Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) are two proposed investment vehicles which have the potential to lower renewable energy assets' high cost of capital; a critical factor in the Department of Energy's goal for renewable energy to achieve grid-parity with traditional sources of electric generation. Due to current U.S. federal income tax laws, regulations, and administrative interpretations, REITs and MLPs cannot finance a significant portion of the cost of renewable energy assets. Efforts are underway to alter these rules by changing the definition of 'real property' (REIT) and 'qualified income' (MLP). However, even with rule changes, both investment vehicles have structural challenges to efficiently finance renewable energy assets. Among them are 1) effectively utilizing the U.S. federal income tax incentives; 2) administratively structuring the investments to not be overly onerous or complicated, given the potential for pooling a relatively large amount of small assets; and 3) attracting and retaining a large enough investment community to participate in the funding opportunities. This report summarizes these challenges so that if proposed federal changes are made, stakeholders have an understanding of the possible outcomes.

  3. The Effects of Anchor Length, Test Difficulty, Population Ability Differences, Mixture of Populations and Sample Size on the Psychometric Properties of Levine Observed Score Linear Equating Method for Different Assumptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carvajal, Jorge E.

    2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    for 100 samples, anchor 40%, 93 easier test Y and ability N(50%, 18%) 45. Bias (top) and RMSE (bottom) at score level for 100 samples, anchor 40%, 94 more difficult test Y and ability N(50%, 18%) 46. Bias (top... is equity, which states that it must be a matter of indifference to the test taker whether he or she takes X or Y. Although equatability is a prerequisite for equity, it does not imply equity because two tests that measure the same construct can differ...

  4. Dyslexia and the failure to form a perceptual anchor Merav Ahissar1,2, Yedida Lubin3, Hanna Putter-Katz2,6 & Karen Banai4,5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskowicz, Leo

    Dyslexia and the failure to form a perceptual anchor Merav Ahissar1,2, Yedida Lubin3, Hanna Putter with previously suggested static models of dyslexia. Instead, we propose that D-LDs' core deficit is a general and mechanisms at the level of specific neuronal circuits. Developmental dyslexia was first documented more than

  5. LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles anchored on graphene nanosheets as high-performance cathode material for lithium-ion batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Binghui; Yin, Qing; Hu, Hengrun; Lu, Fujia [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Xiaolingwei 200, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210094 (China); Xia, Hui, E-mail: xiahui@njust.edu.cn [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Xiaolingwei 200, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210094 (China); Herbert Gleiter Institute of Nanoscience, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094 (China)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanocrystalline LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}/graphene nanosheets nanocomposite has been successfully synthesized by a one-step hydrothermal method without post-heat treatment. In the nanocomposite, LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles of 1030 nm in size are well crystallized and homogeneously anchored on the graphene nanosheets. The graphene nanosheets not only provide a highly conductive matrix for LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles but also effectively reduce the agglomeration of LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles. The nanocrystalline LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}/graphene nanosheets nanocomposite exhibited greatly improved electrochemical performance in terms of specific capacity, cycle performance, and rate capability compared with the bare LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles. The superior electrochemical performance of the nanocrystalline LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}/graphene nanosheets nanocomposite makes it promising as cathode material for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. - Graphical abstract: Nanocrystalline LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}/graphene nanosheets (GNS) nanocomposite exhibit superior cathode performance for lithium-ion batteries compared to the bare LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles. Display Omitted - Highlights: LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}/graphene nanocomposite is synthesized by a one-step hydrothermal method. LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles are uniformly anchored on the graphene nanosheets. The nanocomposite exhibits excellent cathode performance for lithium-ion batteries.

  6. The Sherman Anti-Trust Law: in its Relation to the Economic Welfare of The United Stats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnake, Francis Dean

    1912-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ., American steel and Wire Co . , International Paper Co . , and the American 'rin Plat e Co., producing from 60% toS:tO% of' the putput of their respective comnodities, have that practi cal monopoly which c haracter izes the trust . "Their abili ty at any... property of most of t h e concerns engage d in the manufacture of matches' was declared in ichiganto be illegal.(c) In ew Jersey the Trenton Potteries Co. which purchased mo st of t he po t t erie s manufa~turing sanitary ware in the United s tates...

  7. Hanford Lifecycle Reports - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Region service area. TheEPSCIResearchGulf of MexicoDidYouKnowFor

  8. P. R. Darke, R. L. Benedicktus and M. K. Brady Kramer, R. (1999) "Trust and Distrust in Organizations: Emerging Perspectives, Enduring Questions,"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    #12;P. R. Darke, R. L. Benedicktus and M. K. Brady Kramer, R. (1999) "Trust and Distrust Relationships," Academy ofManagement Review, 23Guly): 472-90. Main, K., Dahl, D. and Darke, P.R. (2007-56. Reichheld, F. and Schefter, P. (2000) "E-Loyalty: Your Secret Weapon on the Web," Harvard Business Review

  9. Building public trust: Actions to respond to the report of the Advisory Committee on human radiation experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Democratic government requires trust: people need to know and believe that the government is telling the truth. Without information about what the government is doing and why, citizens cannot exercise democratic control over government institutions. During his first year in office, President Clinton became concerned about reports that the government had conducted unethical secret human radiation experiments during the Cold War. To address this issue, in January 1994, President Clinton established the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments (ACHRE), chaired by bioethicist Dr. Ruth Faden of Johns Hopkins University. The President also directed all Federal agencies to search for records related to human subjects radiation research and provide them to the Advisory Committee. This report presents the Administration`s actions to respond to the ACHRE`s findings and recommendations.

  10. Smarter finance for cleaner energy: open up master limited partnerships (MLPs) and real estate investment trusts (REITs) to renewable energy investment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mormann, Feliz; Reicher, Dan

    2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Master Limited Partnerships (MLPs) and Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs)both well-established investment structuresshould be opened up to renewable energy investment. MLPs and, more recently, REITs have a proven track record for promoting oil, gas, and other traditional energy sources. When extended to renewable energy projects these tools will help promote growth, move renewables closer to subsidy independence, and vastly broaden the base of investors in Americas energy economy. The extension of MLPs and REITs to renewables enjoys significant support from the investment and clean energy communities. In addition, MLPs for renewables also enjoy bipartisan political backing in Congress.

  11. Sustainable Energy Trust Fund

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The District of Columbia's Retail Electric Competition and Consumer Protection Act of 1999 required the DC Public Service Commission (PSC) to establish a public benefits fund to provide energy...

  12. Energy Trust of Oregon

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Oregon's 1999 electric-utility restructuring legislation (SB 1149) required Pacific Power and Portland General Electric (PGE) to collect a 3% public-purpose charge from their customers to support...

  13. If you are actively employed by a CHEIBA Trust Member employer and have an accident while traveling for college-approved business, this Travel Accident Insurance Plan protects you with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - 54 - CHUBB If you are actively employed by a CHEIBA Trust Member employer and have an accident while traveling for college-approved business, this Travel Accident Insurance Plan protects you in death or dismemberment within 365 days of the date of the accident, the policy will pay as follows

  14. On environmental lifecycle assessment for policy selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    input such as energy from coal and energy for natural gas, aIowa corn using coal-based energy for processing versus cornabout the relative mix of coal and gas based energy input to

  15. Characterization of EGS Fracture Network Lifecycles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gillian R. Foulger

    2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Geothermal energy is relatively clean, and is an important non-hydrocarbon source of energy. It can potentially reduce our dependence on fossil fuels and contribute to reduction in carbon emissions. High-temperature geothermal areas can be used for electricity generation if they contain permeable reservoirs of hot water or steam that can be extracted. The biggest challenge to achieving the full potential of the nations resources of this kind is maintaining and creating the fracture networks required for the circulation, heating, and extraction of hot fluids. The fundamental objective of the present research was to understand how fracture networks are created in hydraulic borehole injection experiments, and how they subsequently evolve. When high-pressure fluids are injected into boreholes in geothermal areas, they flow into hot rock at depth inducing thermal cracking and activating critically stressed pre-existing faults. This causes earthquake activity which, if monitored, can provide information on the locations of the cracks formed, their time-development and the type of cracking underway, e.g., whether shear movement on faults occurred or whether cracks opened up. Ultimately it may be possible to monitor the critical earthquake parameters in near-real-time so the information can be used to guide the hydraulic injection while it is in progress, e.g., how to adjust factors such as injectate pressure, volume and temperature. In order to achieve this, it is necessary to mature analysis techniques and software that were, at the start of this project, in an embryonic developmental state. Task 1 of the present project was to develop state-of-the-art techniques and software for calculating highly accurate earthquake locations, earthquake source mechanisms (moment tensors) and temporal changes in reservoir structure. Task 2 was to apply the new techniques to hydrofracturing (Enhanced Geothermal Systems, or EGS) experiments performed at the Coso geothermal field, in order to enhance productivity there. Task 3 was to interpret the results jointly with other geological information in order to provide a consistent physical model. All of the original goals of the project have been achieved. An existing program for calculating accurate relative earthquake locations has been enhanced by a technique to improve the accuracy of earthquake arrival-time measurements using waveform cross-correlation. Error analysis has been added to pre-existing moment tensor software. New seismic tomography software has been written to calculate changes in structure that could be due, for example, to reservoir depletion. Data processing procedures have been streamlined and web tools developed for rapid dissemination of the results, e.g., to on-site operations staff. Application of the new analysis tools to the Coso geothermal field has demonstrated the effective use of the techniques and provided important case histories to guide the style of future applications. Changes in reservoir structure with time are imaged throughout the upper 3 km, identifying the areas where large volumes of fluid are being extracted. EGS hydrofracturing experiments in two wells stimulated a nearby fault to the south that ruptured from south to north. The position of this fault could be precisely mapped and its existence was confirmed by surface mapping and data from a borehole televiewer log. No earthquakes occurred far north of the injection wells, suggesting that the wells lie near the northern boundary of the region of critically stressed faults. Minor en-echelon faults were also activated. Significant across-strike fluid flow occurred. The faults activated had significant crack-opening components, indicating that the hydraulic fracturing created open cavities at depth. The fluid injection changed the local stress field orientation and thus the mode of failure was different from the normal background. Initial indications are that the injections modulated stress release, seismicity and natural fracture system evolution for periods of up to months. The research demon

  16. On environmental lifecycle assessment for policy selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    They ?nd that second-generation biofuels from reed canary2010b). The second-generation of biofuels from cellulosic

  17. On environmental lifecycle assessment for policy selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by substituting fossil fuels with biofuels increasesalternative to conventional fossil fuels including oilsand,of input intensity (say, fossil fuel, electricity, or water)

  18. Life-cycle Assessment of Semiconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah B.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of isopropyl alcohol (IPA), CO, NO X , ethyl lactate andHMDS: hexa-methyl disilizane IPA: isopropyl alcohol OMCTS:liquid H 2 SO 4 HCl NH 4 OH IPA oxide CMP slurry, chemicals

  19. The lifecycle of powerful AGN outflows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian R. Kaiser; Philip N. Best

    2006-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    During the course of this conference, much evidence was presented that points to an intimate connection between the energetic outflows driven by AGN and the energy budget and quite possibly also the evolution of their gaseous environments. However, it is still not clear if and how the AGN activity is triggered by the cooling gas, how long the activity lasts for and how these effects give rise to the observed distribution of morphologies of the outflows. In this contribution we concentrate on the high radio luminosity end of the AGN population. While most of the heating of the environmental gas may be due to less luminous and energetic outflows, these more powerful objects have a very profound influence on their surroundings. We will describe a simple model for powerful radio galaxies and radio-loud quasars that explains the dichotomy of their large-scale radio morphologies as well as their radio luminosity function.

  20. On environmental lifecycle assessment for policy selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    However, some renewable energy policies risk becomingare cited for renewable energy policies, namely, reducingto justify long-term policies supporting renewable energy.

  1. Roles and Lifecycle | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    approve, or disapprove contractor property management systems for all DOE direct operations at Headquarters except for the FERC. Organizational Property Management Officer...

  2. Lifecycle perspectives on product data management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hines, Erisa K. (Erisa Kimberly)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Implementing a new IT system often requires the enterprise to transform in order to maximally leverage the capabilities generated by the new system. The challenge in using IT as an enabler to change arises from the need ...

  3. Life-cycle Assessment of Semiconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah B.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental Impacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Abatement Environmental impactLife-cycle Environmental Impacts . . . . . . . LCA of

  4. The lifecycle of powerful AGN outflows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, C R; Kaiser, Christian R.; Best, Philip N.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the course of this conference, much evidence was presented that points to an intimate connection between the energetic outflows driven by AGN and the energy budget and quite possibly also the evolution of their gaseous environments. However, it is still not clear if and how the AGN activity is triggered by the cooling gas, how long the activity lasts for and how these effects give rise to the observed distribution of morphologies of the outflows. In this contribution we concentrate on the high radio luminosity end of the AGN population. While most of the heating of the environmental gas may be due to less luminous and energetic outflows, these more powerful objects have a very profound influence on their surroundings. We will describe a simple model for powerful radio galaxies and radio-loud quasars that explains the dichotomy of their large-scale radio morphologies as well as their radio luminosity function.

  5. Life-cycle Assessment of Semiconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah B.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Primary energy consumption per memory capacity (MJ/GB), overPrimary energy consumption per memory capacity (MJ/OS), overpaired trends, primary energy consumption per gigabyte (GB)

  6. Life-cycle Assessment of Semiconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah B.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    less primary energy and water and results in lower globalPrimary energy and water consumption, as well as global

  7. Life-cycle Assessment of Semiconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah B.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    taken from the EPA [28]. Small hydro is considered to haveEPA [28] Geothermal EPA Small Hydro Horvath, Pacca Wind

  8. On environmental lifecycle assessment for policy selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Food and Agriculture - Biofuels: Prospects, risks andand D. Zilberman. Are Biofuels the Culprit: OPEC, Food, andmodel. In Symposium on Biofuels in Developing Countries:

  9. LifeCycle Water Consumption of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Arturo A.

    ­ LCAbased policies ­ CA LCFS 3. But a good GHG LCA does not a responsible product make "Sustainability Heat loss into soil "Vapor pressure deficit" Solar radiation Wind speed Constant related to humidity

  10. Roles and Lifecycle | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehicles »ExchangeDepartmentResolve to Save Energy This Year|

  11. GREET Life-Cycle Analysis of Biofuels

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Subject: Guidance for natural gas as aGEAGNEPGREET

  12. Sandia National Laboratories: life-cycle analysis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1developmentturbine blade manufacturinglife-cycle analysis Northrop-Grumman, GE

  13. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Lifecycle Energy Balance

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageEmerging Fuels Printable Version ShareKentuckywith

  14. Life-cycle Assessment of Semiconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah B.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    production, and impact factors for each type of CMP slurry, or the exact composition for generic copper, oxide and tungsten

  15. Suitability of salt-gradient solar ponds for electrical power generation in the US Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Guam, and American Samoa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCord, T.B.; Bathen, K.H.; Boesgaard, H.; Fanale, F.P.; McCord, C.S.; Scudder, R.J.; Weeks, D.D.; Yuen, J.W.L.

    1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The procedures and findings of a study to assess the suitability of salt-gradient solar ponds for base-load (firm) electricity generation in the US Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI), Guam and American Samoa are described. The general conclusion is that solar pond power plants (SPPPs) are viable both technically and economically for some applications, possibly including atolls. The most practical immediate application would be to small and intermediate power users such as villages and airports. It is recommended that (1) at least one small SPPP be built immediately on a dry land site such as for the main village on Peleliu, Palau, (considered in this report) or at other identified feasible sites, and (2) that a design study be conducted to adapt the technology to atoll sites. This study was carried out by first reviewing all available literature on solar ponds and the regions concerned. All the regions in question were visited. Several sites were selected for specific study and SPPP conceptual designs were developed for these sites. These sites are (1) North Peleliu, Palau, with (2) Peleliu airport as an auxiliary site, (3) Aimeliik, Palau, and (4) atoll environments. Cultural, political, environmental and legal considerations were given equal weight with technical and economic factors, and locally resident persons were used as interpreters and liaisons. There exists strong support in the government and the community to develop these proposed site-specific SPPPs and land is available. Power needs were defined, construction and operation costs were calculated and performance was predicted for the site-specific designs. The results of the Palau site-specific studies were generalized to other areas and environments in the TTPI, Guam and American Samoa. An economic analysis of the SPPP conceptual design developed for Palau was made using the discounted cash flow method.

  16. Tightening procedures for large diameter anchor bolts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abraham, Ryan Charles

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Snug Tight Condition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 24 24 24 Page 3. 2 3. 3 3. 1. 1. 1. 2 Preload Induced by Turning Top Nut 30 Degrees Past Snug Tight. 3. 1. 1. 1. 3 Preload Induced by Turning Top... Nut 60 Degrees Past Snug Tight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. 1. 1. 2 8 UN Threads. . . . . . 3. 1. 1. 2. 1 Preload Induced in Snug Tight Condition...

  17. anchors: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    influence and the alignment is determined by the structure of the interface between the brush and the pure solvent instead. Harald Lange; Friederike Schmid 2002-05-15 30...

  18. anchoring: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    influence and the alignment is determined by the structure of the interface between the brush and the pure solvent instead. Harald Lange; Friederike Schmid 2002-05-15 30...

  19. Linguistic Anchors in the Sea of Thought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Andy

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Language, according to Jackendoff (How Language Helps us Think -- this issue), is more than just an instrument of communication and cultural transmission. It is also a tool which helps us to think. It does so, he suggests, ...

  20. MFR PAPER 1070 Anchor tags show ment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    hlllrdl. Demand of the marl-.lng program reqUired that the tag prOVide identiAcatlon of each crab. have\\l:nt:.-I\\\\P aJu l1 J...lng crah~ (in - LiuJ ing H, t.lggeJ anJ In cI' n trol ~) \\\\erc placcJ In 1\\\\11 (,- n-It 14- Inch J...lng crah pot\\. 1 hc pot. Ihelr tunncl entrance\\ c\\owJ With hanJ \\C\\\\ n n\\ Ion nell In g

  1. glucosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored protein expressed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . 18, 81­105. 3. Takayama, S., and Isogai, A. (2005). Self-incompatibility in plants. Annu. Rev. Plant

  2. Widget:AnchorButton | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 South Place: SaltTroyer & AssociatesWestILIAnalyticsVisitByLatLon

  3. Widget:AnchorIcon | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 South Place: SaltTroyer &

  4. Marketing Proposal UBC Properties Trust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    developments in UBC meet the guidelines set forth by REAP promoting green and sustainable developments buildings, which consequently discourages developers from offering green features to the market. Finally Indicators ..................................................................... 6 3.2 Green Building

  5. Renewable Energy Resources Trust Fund

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Illinois's 1997 electric-industry restructuring legislation created separate public benefits funds that support renewable energy and residential [http://www.dsireusa.org/library/includes/incentive2...

  6. IBM Software Lincoln Trust Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    into account several "lessons learned" from the company's past pre-divestiture past. A process improve- ment team had existed several years prior, but was decommissioned due to lack of meaningful automation, there were also lessons from the past that needed to be integrated into the new program. Prior attempts

  7. Trusting the Cloud Christian Cachin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keidar, Idit

    their service contract with the storage provider. For example, what happens if your payment for the storage

  8. Advanced Credentialing for Trusted Networks

    Energy Innovation Portal (Marketing Summaries) [EERE]

    2012-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    During and following disasters, rapid, valid systems are needed to exchange informationamong emergency responders, with others in the community, and with the outside world. ORNL researchers have developed a Web 2.0 credentialing system that offers greater assurance of the validity of information on social networks and media and the potential to thus improve and enhance the unimpeded flow of vetted information and resources during and following a disaster to assist impacted areas and...

  9. Carbon Trust | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBostonFacility | OpenCarboPur Technologies JumpJungle JumpLLCCarbon Name:

  10. Climate Trust | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin: Energy ResourcesInformation is 045.UpdateClimate

  11. CIRES/NSIDC Professional Research Assistant The National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC), http://nsidc.org, part of the Cooperative Institute for Research in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    appropriate solutions Design, write, test, and debug code Implement full life-cycle development. Test data and disseminating information in order to advance understanding of the Earth system. NSIDC is a trusted source of cryospheric data and services, and is a leader in research and development within

  12. Economics of Lifecycle analysis and greenhouse gas regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    estimate 8. Price of coal energy: average delivered price toin gCO2e/liter Price of coal energy 0.0020 ($/MJ) Price of0.09 uses only coal based energy net GHG displacement if

  13. Geographically Differentiated Life-cycle Impact Assessment of Human Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humbert, Sebastien

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    leads to a change in the energy mix, energy efficiency,production. Concerning the energy mix, and especially thesensitive to either the energy mix or to the transportation

  14. Geographically Differentiated Life-cycle Impact Assessment of Human Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humbert, Sebastien

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Global warming Non-renewable energy Mineral extraction ResourcesGlobal warming Acidification Nutrification Ecotoxicity Land use & habitat losses Species & organism dispersal Natural resources: - minerals -

  15. Economics of Lifecycle analysis and greenhouse gas regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the promise of second-generation biofuels, namely, biofuelsdepends on the second generation biofuels from cel- lulosicsecond generation feedstock such as cellulosic biomass will weaken the linkage that has developed because of biofuels

  16. Lifecycle Prognostics Architecture for Selected High-Cost Active Components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N. Lybeck; B. Pham; M. Tawfik; J. B. Coble; R. M. Meyer; P. Ramuhalli; L. J. Bond

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There are an extensive body of knowledge and some commercial products available for calculating prognostics, remaining useful life, and damage index parameters. The application of these technologies within the nuclear power community is still in its infancy. Online monitoring and condition-based maintenance is seeing increasing acceptance and deployment, and these activities provide the technological bases for expanding to add predictive/prognostics capabilities. In looking to deploy prognostics there are three key aspects of systems that are presented and discussed: (1) component/system/structure selection, (2) prognostic algorithms, and (3) prognostics architectures. Criteria are presented for component selection: feasibility, failure probability, consequences of failure, and benefits of the prognostics and health management (PHM) system. The basis and methods commonly used for prognostics algorithms are reviewed and summarized. Criteria for evaluating PHM architectures are presented: open, modular architecture; platform independence; graphical user interface for system development and/or results viewing; web enabled tools; scalability; and standards compatibility. Thirteen software products were identified and discussed in the context of being potentially useful for deployment in a PHM program applied to systems in a nuclear power plant (NPP). These products were evaluated by using information available from company websites, product brochures, fact sheets, scholarly publications, and direct communication with vendors. The thirteen products were classified into four groups of software: (1) research tools, (2) PHM system development tools, (3) deployable architectures, and (4) peripheral tools. Eight software tools fell into the deployable architectures category. Of those eight, only two employ all six modules of a full PHM system. Five systems did not offer prognostic estimates, and one system employed the full health monitoring suite but lacked operations and maintenance support. Each product is briefly described in Appendix A. Selection of the most appropriate software package for a particular application will depend on the chosen component, system, or structure. Ongoing research will determine the most appropriate choices for a successful demonstration of PHM systems in aging NPPs.

  17. Comparative Life-Cycle Air Emissions of Coal, Domestic Natural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaramillo, Paulina

    come domestically from the production of synthetic natural gas (SNG) via coal gasification- methanation gasification technologies that use coal to produce SNG. This National Gasification Strategy calls

  18. Economics of Lifecycle analysis and greenhouse gas regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    produced, X b is quantity of biomass required to produce theto process biomass into biofuel, X cf , X gf is quantity of

  19. Economics of Lifecycle analysis and greenhouse gas regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    namely, the hike in crude oil prices, replacement of MTBE bygrowth in demand. Crude oil import price is expected to

  20. Geographically Differentiated Life-cycle Impact Assessment of Human Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humbert, Sebastien

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    train (size, efficiency, diesel or electric) can change whenthe type of train (diesel or electric) and the production ofdiesel (western United States and Canada) and electric (

  1. Life-cycle assessment of NAND flash memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah; Horvath, A; Dornfeld, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    lca, Consortium on Green Design and Manufacturing, 2010. [the Consortium on Green De- sign and Manufacturing (http://green and sustainable manu- facturing; monitoring and analysis of manufacturing

  2. Lifecycle Value Framework for Tactical Aircraft Product Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hallander, Ingrid

    This paper is a draft version of the forthcoming publication in the Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual International Symposium of INCOSE (July 2001).

  3. Life-cycle assessment of NAND flash memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah; Horvath, A; Dornfeld, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF SSD VS . HDD Primary energy consumption MJ 96 GB ?ashpaired trends, primary energy consumption per gigabyte (GB)have been Fig. 2. Primary energy consumption per memory

  4. Prototyping Process and Tools An abbreviated overview of lifecycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golub, Evan

    Woomoo) · Physical objects ­ cardboard, clay, vinyl, etc. ­ 3D-printed Realistic Interaction · More

  5. The Lifecycles of Apps in a Social Ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kloumann, Isabel; Kleinberg, Jon; Wu, Shaomei

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Apps are emerging as an important form of on-line content, and they combine aspects of Web usage in interesting ways --- they exhibit a rich temporal structure of user adoption and long-term engagement, and they exist in a broader social ecosystem that helps drive these patterns of adoption and engagement. It has been difficult, however, to study apps in their natural setting since this requires a simultaneous analysis of a large set of popular apps and the underlying social network they inhabit. In this work we address this challenge through an analysis of the collection of apps on Facebook Login, developing a novel framework for analyzing both temporal and social properties. At the temporal level, we develop a retention model that represents a user's tendency to return to an app using a very small parameter set. At the social level, we organize the space of apps along two fundamental axes --- popularity and sociality --- and we show how a user's probability of adopting an app depends both on properties of t...

  6. Economics of Lifecycle analysis and greenhouse gas regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the production of bio- fuels, Working party on Agriculturalbenefited from 2007 U.S. bio- fuel production by about US $

  7. Life-Cycle Analysis of Transportation Fuels and Vehicle Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    -cycle modeling for light-duty vehicles GREET CCLUB CCLUB: Carbon Calculator for Land Use Change from Biofuels, and black carbon (in a new release) CO2e of the three (with their global warming potentials) Criteria

  8. Vehicle Manufacturing Futures in Transportation Life-cycle Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lead Acid, Ni-Mh, and Li-ion battery manufacturing isMh battery, HEV Page 4 of 10 with a Li-ion battery, PHEV20with a Li-ion battery, PHEV60 with a Li-ion battery, and

  9. Economics of Lifecycle analysis and greenhouse gas regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    switchgrass, and wood; biodiesel production using soybeanKS Tyson. An overview of biodiesel and petroleum diesel lifefrom grains and cane) and biodiesel (from oil seeds) which

  10. Economics of Lifecycle analysis and greenhouse gas regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3.4 Food inventory and biofuels . . . . . . . . . 3.53 Economics of biofuels: Impact on food and 3.1Net welfare change due to biofuels under the three

  11. Economics of Lifecycle analysis and greenhouse gas regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy security by reducing reliance on oil and energysecurity by slowing down the rate of growth in imports of oil.

  12. Optimizing inventory levels using financial, lifecycle and forecast variance data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Irene S

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant inventory write-offs have recently plagued ATI Technologies, a world leader in graphics and media processors. ATI's product-centric culture has long deterred attention from supply chain efficiency. Given that ...

  13. New Tool Yields Custom Environmental Data for Lifecycle Analysis |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAXBalanced Scorecard Federal2Energy SecondWellsWinsRulesStudyDepartment of

  14. Building Life-Cycle Cost (BLCC) Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo FengBoulder, CO) JumpNRELEnergyGHGs NationalLife-Cycle

  15. Amendment: Lifecycle Emissions Data Worksheet (December 30, 2008) |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists' ResearchThe OfficeUtility Fed.9-0s) All OtherDepartment ofThisDepartment ofDepartment

  16. Life-cycle assessment of wastewater treatment plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Bo, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents a general model for the carbon footprints analysis of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), using a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach. In previous research, the issue of global warming is often related ...

  17. Lifecycle Assessments and Sustainability Analyses | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories on climateJuno Beach,October, 2012LeeCaliforniaLibertyRuralC

  18. Life-Cycle Analysis of Geothermal Technologies | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe10IO1OP001 Letter Report:Life-Cycle Analysis of Geothermal

  19. Lifecycle Cost Analysis of Hydrogen Versus Other Technologies for

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe10IO1OP001 Letter Report:Life-Cycle Analysis of

  20. Geographically Differentiated Life-cycle Impact Assessment of Human Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humbert, Sebastien

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    therefore stack emissions of coal power plant have the samecaused by stack emissions of the coal-power plant. Thiscoal power-plants generally involve high-stack emissions).

  1. Economics of Lifecycle analysis and greenhouse gas regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    predicts that global demand for oil (excluding biofuels)Biofuels reduce the demand for oil and increase the demandBiofuels reduce the demand for oil and increase the demand

  2. anchored carbon fiber: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    material. It is important that a carbon fiber manufacturing cost model 4 Carbon Fiber Composite Cellular A Dissertation Materials Science Websites Summary: Carbon Fiber Composite...

  3. A study of the vertical withdrawal resistance of projectile anchors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolson, Billy Eugene

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF SCIENCE Play 1970 Major Subject; Civil Fngineering STJO'i' Oi TilE", ERTTCrlL lli i". !OR. ". lrlAL RESISTl01CE OE PRCJECTTI. E /', RrCHORS P. Thesis by Captain Billy E. Toison , ', Rp; ov: d a to style arid content by: (;iiember Iil PF) Nay... of the Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundation Division, American Society of Civil Engineers. 1 Numerals in parentheses refer to corresponding items in the list of references. projectile that has been fired into the earth will be referred to as a...

  4. anchored amphiphilic polymers: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    dots (QDs) with mixed polystyrene (PS) poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) polymer brush layers (PSPMMA-CdS) are (more) Guo, Yunyong 2009-01-01 39 Double Walled Carbon...

  5. anchored bac clones: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    influence and the alignment is determined by the structure of the interface between the brush and the pure solvent instead. Harald Lange; Friederike Schmid 2002-05-15 66 Cloning...

  6. anchoring protein grip: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    influence and the alignment is determined by the structure of the interface between the brush and the pure solvent instead. Harald Lange; Friederike Schmid 2002-05-15 131...

  7. anchors improvement appears: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fibers and connective tissue cells. The filaments measure about 100 A in width and have a hollow profile. They exhibit an irregular beaded pattern along their long axis and are...

  8. anchoring dendritic tips: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    influence and the alignment is determined by the structure of the interface between the brush and the pure solvent instead. Harald Lange; Friederike Schmid 2002-05-15 54 HOMEWORK...

  9. anchor nodes mission: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    influence and the alignment is determined by the structure of the interface between the brush and the pure solvent instead. Harald Lange; Friederike Schmid 2002-05-15 58 Accurate...

  10. anchoring proteins database: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    sensitive data. The security of the data depends on physical security, OS security and DBMS security. Database security can be compromised by obtaining sensitive data, changing...

  11. Chemical anchoring of organic conducting polymers to semiconducting surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Frank, Arthur J. (Lakewood, CO); Honda, Kenji (Wheatridge, CO)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    According to the present invention, an improved method of coating electrodes with conductive polymer films and/or preselected catalysts is provided. The charge-conductive polymer is covalently or coordinatively attached to the electrode surface to strengthen the adhesion characteristics of the polymer to the electrode surface or to improve charge-conductive properties between the conductive polymer and the electrode surface. Covalent or coordinative attachment is achieved by a number of alternative methods including covalently or coordinatively attaching the desired monomer to the electrode by means of a suitable coupling reagent and, thereafter, electrochemically polymerizing the monomer in situ.

  12. Chemical anchoring of organic conducting polymers to semiconducting surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Frank, A.J.; Honda, K.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    According to the present invention, an improved method of coating electrodes with conductive polymer films and/or preselected catalysts is provided. The charge conductive polymer is covalently or coordinatively attached to the electrode surface to strengthen the adhesion characteristics of the polymer to the electrode surface or to improve charge conductive properties between the conductive polymer and the electrode surface. Covalent or coordinative attachment is achieved by a number of alternative methods including covalently or coordinatively attaching the desired monomer to the electrode by means of a suitable coupling reagent and, thereafter, electrochemically polymerizing the monomer in situ.

  13. MHK Technologies/Floating anchored OTEC plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay IE <AirWEC <EPAM <EnermarDuck Typeanchored

  14. Anchor Point, Alaska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300Algoil JumpAltergyExperiments | OpenThe Tomoves Active|

  15. Nanopost Arrays Anchor Molecules, Improve Ion Yields for Laser Mass

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andData andFleet TestAccountsNanoparticleApplications -

  16. 1 Objective Can you trust your

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beretta, Giordano

    · Supporting ISO 9001 · Process control · precision more important than accuracy · HVS is irrelevant · record statistics in support of ASTM E 1345-90 · Support data mining & time series analysis · Fulfill ISO 9000 reqs

  17. Efficiency Maine Trust- Renewable Resource Fund

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Maine's public benefits fund for renewable energy was established as part of the state's electric-industry restructuring legislation, enacted in May 1997. The law directed the Maine Public...

  18. Trust Calibration for Automated Decision Aids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McShea, Daniel W.

    , command and control systems, screening technologies, and biometric identification systems. All in a system is poorly calibrated. "Calibration" is a term used to describe the process by which automated Given the variety of complex situations that arise in the context of homeland security where uncertainty

  19. Regularization Using a Parameterized Trust Region Subproblem ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    :uv G x ?-d?v{{us ? + dTd, :u log . A nd, recall the ...... degradation of the image caused by atmospheric turbulence blur, modelled by a Gaussian point-spread...

  20. A TRUSTED STORAGE SYSTEM FOR THE CLOUD.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karumanchi, Sushama

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Data stored in third party storage systems like the cloud might not be secure since confidentiality and integrity of data are not guaranteed. Though cloud (more)

  1. Private Information Retrieval Using Trusted Hardware

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Xuhua

    for Infocomm Research, Singapore baofeng@i2r.a-star.edu.sg Abstract. Many theoretical PIR (Private Information Retrieval) con- structions have been proposed in the past years. Though information theoretically secure complexity. The re- cent trend in outsourcing databases fuels the research on practical PIR schemes

  2. A Surrogate Management Framework Using Rigorous Trust ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 24, 2011 ... gate management frameworks, both in algorithmic design and in the ... Part of this work was developed while this author was visiting.

  3. Enabling Trusted Software Integrity Darko Kirovski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potkonjak, Miodrag

    this problem from two perspectives: · Intrusion detection ­ a set of mechanisms that aim at scanning system address this problem by trying to de- tect the intrusion at run-time or by formally verifying aim at intrusion prevention as the core technology for enabling secure computing systems. Intrusion

  4. Declaration Of Trust | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProvedDecember 2005Department ofDOE AccidentWasteZone Modeling | Department ofDeclaration

  5. Carbon Trust Enterprises Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahan DivideCannon (Various)Limited Jump to:

  6. Massachusetts Technology Collaborative - Renewable Energy Trust | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalwayHydrothermal System, Valles Caldera, New MexicoEnergy

  7. Standard Steam Trust LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g GrantAtlas (PACA RegionSpringview IISt. Mary's WindName:

  8. Westwind Trust Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 South Place: SaltTroyer & AssociatesWestIL Number ofWestridge Wind

  9. Energy Saving Trust EST | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 NoSan Leandro, California Zip: CA 94577 Product:EnergySaving

  10. Tropical Forest Trust | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmontInformationKentucky) JumpCorpDist Jump to:Trinity

  11. Carbon Trust Investments Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBostonFacility | OpenCarboPur Technologies JumpJungle JumpLLCCarbon

  12. Standard Steam Trust LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty Ltd JumpGTZHolland,0162112°,St. Charles isStallings,

  13. November 28, 2012 People's Trust Holdings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    This shall be a more detailed look at the company's origins, growth history, current size and products Companies that intend to become tenants of the Research Park at Florida Atlantic University are required value for all parties. 1. INTRODUCTION This section shall highlight the company, its industry, its

  14. Wellcome Trust CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to the Department for Education's reformed GCSE subject content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    's reformed GCSE subject content consultation - August 2013 Department for Education: Reformed GCSE subject's reformed GCSE subject content consultation. The proposed changes to science qualifications promote reform and have enclosed a copy for information. 1 ` Direct assessment' is based on the direct assessment

  15. 0711TrustSecrecyReliabilityVotingSystems(Casati) Trust, secrecy and accuracy in voting systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    external conditionings and blackmailing, and of preventing the exchange or sale of votes. On the other hand systems (EVS) promise to put an end to the accuracy issue, at least in principle. All steps of the systems

  16. Trust-Building in the Construction Project Delivery Process: A Relational Lookahead Tool for Managing Trust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, James Packer

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .............................................................................................................. 182 Figure 41: Incivility Spiral ............................................................................................. 183 xv Figure 42: The 4P Model of the Toyota Way ................................................................ 216...

  17. File:03ORBEasementsOnTrustAndNonTrustLand (2).pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNAMTEEncroachmentPermit.pdf Jump to: navigation, search

  18. Wellcome Trust SUBMISSION OF EVIDENCE Wellcome Trust response to Post 2015 Development Goals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    carbon dioxide emissions reduces deaths caused by associated po be established at the outset, with support to build local capacity for data collection. INTRODUCTION 1 as modelling has shown that climate change mitigation strategies can have a range of public health benefits

  19. A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The IEAs Energy Policies of IEA Countries Japan 1999also. The IEAs Energy Policies of IEA Countries Turkey 2001The IEAs Energy Policies of IEA Countries Australia 2001

  20. A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    97 BTUs of refinery energy per BTU of dieseland hydrogen) per BTU of diesel produced, depending onof refinery energy per BTU of diesel fuel In the real world

  1. A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    However, in the case of biomass feedstocks and fuels, LNG,NGL57/LRG43 LDVs, biomass feedstocks (versus 26 mpg LDGV)NGL57/LRG43 HDVs, biomass feedstocks (versus 6 mpg HDDV)

  2. A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    liquefaction and small-scale liquefaction at servicehydrogen or small-scale liquefaction). In the case ofassume 0.20 for small-scale liquefaction at the site of

  3. A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    soil, related to cultivation of energy-crop system E insteadto cultivation is a function of both the type of energy cropcultivation per se, independent of the use of fertilizer, in energy-crop

  4. Life-Cycle Water Impacts of U.S. Transportation Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scown, Corinne Donahue

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    new practice of hydraulic fracturing or fracking forfor that of hydraulic fracturing, estimating consumptionof magnitude more than hydraulic fracturing. This means that

  5. Life-Cycle Water Impacts of U.S. Transportation Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scown, Corinne Donahue

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Impact Analysis for a Shale Oil Complex at Parachute Creek,of Paraho Crude Shale Oil Into Military Specification Fuels.CO, 1974; An Assessment of Oil Shale Technologies. Office of

  6. Electric and Gasoline Vehicle Lifecycle Cost and Energy-Use Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark; Burke, Andy; Lipman, Timothy; Miller, Marshall

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    = the efficiency of the propane space heater (BTU-delivered/the efficiency of the heater, and the cost of propane. The

  7. Life-Cycle Water Impacts of U.S. Transportation Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scown, Corinne Donahue

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cycle Water Consumption for WECC NERC Region ElectricityCycle Water Withdrawals for WECC NERC Region ElectricityTRE TS&D USDA USGS VC W WECC WSI International Organization

  8. Life-cycle Environmental Inventory of Passenger Transportation in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail V

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    oil and gasextraction processes [EIO?LCA Summary Table34summarizestheonroadCAPtotalandoperationalinventory.

  9. Life-Cycle Water Impacts of U.S. Transportation Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scown, Corinne Donahue

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Used for Inventory Processes Process: Crude Oil Extractioninventory does not exist for natural gas, biomass, or oil-Inventory Components .. 53 3.3.1 Agricultural Systems . 56 3.3.2 Electric Power Generation . 65 3.3.3 Crude Oil and

  10. Life-cycle Environmental Inventory of Passenger Transportation in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail V

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    inLife?Cycle InventoriesUsingHybridApproaches. EEA2006]EmissionInventoryGuidebook;Activities080501?I:NationalLightingInventoryand EnergyConsumption

  11. Operating and life-cycle costs for uranium-contaminated soil treatment technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douthat, D.M.; Armstrong, A.Q. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Health Sciences Research Div.; Stewart, R.N. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of a nuclear industry in the US required mining, milling, and fabricating a large variety of uranium products. One of these products was purified uranium metal which was used in the Savannah River and Hanford Site reactors. Most of this feed material was produced at the US Department of Energy (DOE) facility formerly called the Feed Materials Production Center at Fernald, Ohio. During operation of this facility, soils became contaminated with uranium from a variety of sources. To avoid disposal of these soils in low-level radioactive waste burial sites, increasing emphasis has been placed on the remediating soils contaminated with uranium and other radionuclides. To address remediation and management of uranium-contaminated soils at sites owned by DOE, the DOE Office of Technology Development (OTD) evaluates and compares the versatility, efficiency, and economics of various technologies that may be combined into systems designed to characterize and remediate uranium-contaminated soils. Each technology must be able to (1) characterize the uranium in soil, (2) decontaminate or remove uranium from soil, (3) treat or dispose of resulting waste streams, (4) meet necessary state and federal regulations, and (5) meet performance assessment objectives. The role of the performance assessment objectives is to provide the information necessary to conduct evaluations of the technologies. These performance assessments provide the basis for selecting the optimum system for remediation of large areas contaminated with uranium. One of the performance assessment tasks is to address the economics of full-scale implementation of soil treatment technologies. The cost of treating contaminated soil is one of the criteria used in the decision-making process for selecting remedial alternatives.

  12. Life-Cycle Cost Reduction for High Speed Turbomachinery Utilizing Aerothermal - Mechanical Conditioning Monitoring Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyce, M. P.; Meher-Homji, C.; Bowman, J. C.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1\\.?rrOTm,lllll' M\\'..... IITfllWlll 1\\1111\\ \\1:11nkll:llh"~' \\dlllJl ;-":11 I \\LlIJ11\\'l1.llh-l' ..\\dIIJlI ,\\" ~. linl\\" Figure 15 Trend Line 2. Technical~proach Most process plants have some type of tech nical support organization...

  13. The best use of biomass? Greenhouse gas lifecycle analysis of predicted pyrolysis biochar systems.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammond, James A R

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Life cycle analysis is carried out for 11 predicted configurations of pyrolysis biochar systems to determine greenhouse gas balance, using an original spreadsheet model. System (more)

  14. Life-Cycle Water Impacts of U.S. Transportation Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scown, Corinne Donahue

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Water Intensity of Transportation. Environmental Science &and Energy Use in Transportation (GREET) Model, Version 1.5.Water Intensity of Transportation. Environmental Science &

  15. Life-cycle cost analysis of energy efficiency design options for residential furnaces and boilers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, James; Lekov, Alex; Whitehead, Camilla Dunham; Chan, Peter; Meyers, Steve; McMahon, James

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy conservation standard in terms of the Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency (AFUE) descriptor at a minimum

  16. Life-cycle Environmental Inventory of Passenger Transportation in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail V

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy and GHGperformanceofChicagoandNewYorkistheChicagoandNewYorksystemswhereenergyand emissionsCO 2 e). ForNewYork,life?cycleenergyandGHGemissions

  17. Life of Sugar: Developing Lifecycle Methods to Evaluate the Energy and Environmental Impacts of Sugarcane Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopal, Anand Raja

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    much superior bridge to second-generation biofuels than corncommercialization of second generation biofuels. In addition

  18. A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Japan 1999Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Germanyfrom IEAs Energy Policies of IEA Countries Japan 1999

  19. A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Japan 1999Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Germanyfrom IEAs Energy Policies of IEA Countries Japan 1999

  20. Lifecycle Assessment of Beijing-Area Building Energy Use and Emissions: Summary Findings and Policy Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    P. 2010. From net energy to zero energy buildings: DefiningP. 2010. From net energy to zero energy buildings: Defining