Sample records for trouble trouble trouble

  1. Franklin Trouble Shooting and Error Messages

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Trouble Shooting and Error Messages Trouble Shooting and Error Messages Error Messages Message or Symptom Fault Recommendation job hit wallclock time limit user or system Submit...

  2. Franklin Trouble Shooting and Error Messages

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental Assessments (EA)Budget(DANCE) TargetFormsTrouble Shooting and Error

  3. Edison Trouble Shooting and Error Messages

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContract ManagementDiscoveringESnet UpdateEarthTrouble Shooting and Error

  4. The Trouble with Sliding Windows and the Selective Pressure in BRCA1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Ziheng

    The Trouble with Sliding Windows and the Selective Pressure in BRCA1 Karl Schmid1 , Ziheng Yang2 is applied. Citation: Schmid K, Yang Z (2008) The Trouble with Sliding Windows and the Selective Pressure Abstract Sliding-window analysis has widely been used to uncover synonymous (silent, dS) and nonsynonymous

  5. HEART SMART NUTRITION SERIES Do you have trouble making sense of nutrition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HEART SMART NUTRITION SERIES Do you have trouble making sense of nutrition messages about fats fat, and heart disease. If so, then this nutrition series may be just what you have been looking for to help you and your family become "Heart Smart." This Heart Smart nutrition series is designed to help

  6. TMC304(TMC-TEG3) Trouble Report April 22, 1996 Yasuo Arai (KEK)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    1 TMC304(TMC-TEG3) Trouble Report April 22, 1996 Yasuo Arai (KEK) I. Trap of PLL oscillation- TEG3) chips. Thus we have tested 160 TMC chips. Then we observed unstable PLL oscillation in about 10 in the TMC304(TMC-TEG3) May 31, 1996 Y. Arai (KEK) (revised Nov. 13, 1996) I have reported on the abnormal

  7. Blowing the Whistle: How IS Auditors Can Turnaround Troubled Software Projects --And Why They Sometimes Don't!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as an information systems control professional to detect and report project escalation. #12;The mean responseBlowing the Whistle: How IS Auditors Can Turnaround Troubled Software Projects -- And Why They Sometimes Don't! MARK KEIL Computer Information Systems Department College of Business Administration

  8. Marnie (1964) Margaret "Marnie" Edgar (Hedren) is a troubled young woman who has an unnatural fear and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schenato, Luca

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Marnie (1964) Margaret "Marnie" Edgar (Hedren) is a troubled young woman who has an unnatural fear wants to try to make her marriage work. Cast Tippi Hedren as Marnie Edgar (as 'Tippi' Hedren Louise Latham as Bernice Edgar Bob Sweeney as Cousin Bob Milton Selzer as Man at Track

  9. Diplme d'Universit TROUBLES ENVAHISSANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    , psychiatres et pédopsychiatres (secteurs psychiatriques, PMI, DPAS, Santé Scolaire...), - Infirmiers

  10. Hopper Trouble Shooting and Error Messages

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) EnvironmentalGyroSolé(tm) HarmonicbetandEnergy 2010 A File Storage

  11. Trouble in the Family: New Zealand's Anti-Nuclear Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, F. Allen

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    or deny that a given vessel is carrying nuclear weapons, the port ban effectively barred most U.S. naval craft from docking in New Zealand's ports. Although New Zealand is small, remote, and not strategically located, the significance of this diplomatic.... The matter came to a head in February 1985 when New Zealand refused to accept a visit by the conventionally powered U.S. destroyer Buchanan, on the grounds that the ship might have been carrying nuclear weapons. This was the first test of New Zealand...

  12. The Troubling Aspects of a Building Block Hypothesis for Genetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    as an explanation of the search power of GAs [46, 32]. Holland's analy­ ses have been the foundation for more

  13. Helping a Colleague Who is distressed or troubled

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guenther, Frank

    , overwhelmed, anxious, tired, depressed, or demoralized. For the psy- chologically vulnerable, this may be too-353-5381 E Please recycle. Boston University's policies provide for equal opportunity and affirmative action

  14. A search for the most massive galaxies: double trouble?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernardi, Mariangela; Sheth, R.K.; /Pennsylvania U.; Nichol, R.C.; /Portsmouth U., ICG; Miller, C.J.; /Cerro-Tololo InterAmerican Obs.; Schlegel, D.; /Princeton U. Observ.; Frieman, J.; /Chicago U., Astron. Astrophys. Ctr. /Fermilab; Schneider, D.P.; /Penn State U., Astron. Astrophys.; Subbarao, M.; York, D.G.; /Chicago U., Astron. Astrophys. Ctr.; Brinkmann, J.; /Apache Point Observ.

    2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe the results of a search for galaxies with large ({approx}> 350 kms{sup -1}) velocity dispersions. The largest systems we have found appear to be the extremes of the early-type galaxy population: compared to other galaxies with similar luminosities, they have the largest velocity dispersions and the smallest sizes. However, they are not distant outliers from the Fundamental Plane and mass-to-light scaling relations defined by the bulk of the early-type galaxy population. They may host the most massive black holes in the Universe, and their abundance and properties can be used to constrain galaxy formation models. Clear outliers from the scaling relations tend to be objects in superposition (angular separations smaller than 1 arcsec), evidence for which comes sometimes from the spectra, sometimes from the images, and sometimes from both. The statistical properties of the superposed pairs, e.g., the distribution of pair separations and velocity dispersions, can be used to provide useful information about the expected distribution of image multiplicities, separations and flux ratios due to gravitational lensing by multiple lenses, and may also constrain models of their interaction rates.

  15. Trouble with space-like noncommutative field theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Gayral; J. M. Gracia-Bondia; F. Ruiz Ruiz

    2005-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    It is argued that the one-loop effective action for a space-like noncommutative scalar field theory does not exist. This indicates that such theories are not renormalizable already at one loop order and suggests supersymmetrization and reinvestigating other types of noncommutativity.

  16. Intelligent design and mathematical statistics: a troubled Peter Olofsson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olofsson, Peter

    seems to P. Olofsson (&) Mathematics Department, Trinity University, One Trinity Place, San Antonio, TX 78212-7200, USA e-mail: polofsson@trinity.edu 123 Biol Philos (2008) 23:545­553 DOI 10.1007/s10539

  17. "The world's troubles are your troubles. . . and there is nothing wrong with the world that better humans cannot fix."

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lotko, William

    ' revolution similar toTunisia and Egypt are not bright. There are no easy solutions,nor will outside pressure"union" with Russia,buttressed by its energy and financial subsidies,relationships with theWest further degenerated. A few years ago,Lukashenko began having public differences with Russia over the price of energy sold

  18. The Utility-Industry Partnership for Economic Development: A Troubled Marriage?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haeri, M. H.; Shaffer, S.

    The electric utilities' relationship with their industrial customers and the importance of the product and services that they offer, uniquely position them as an influential player in the economy of the communities that they serve. Traditionally...

  19. Performing Women’s Speech in Early Modern Drama: Troubling Silence, Complicating Voice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Note, Beverly Marshall

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    ’s comment reminds us of the power of verbal representations to shape behavior, but this view also offers potential space for women’s discursive agency, as uneven as those opportunities might have been given women’s individual circumstances. Naomi Miller... Fancies ............. 294 Homoeroticism and Performative Space in The Convent of Pleasure .......................................................................................... 313 Epilogue...

  20. Entrainment in Trouble: Cool Cloud Acceleration and Destruction in Hot Supernova-Driven Galactic Winds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Dong; Quataert, Eliot; Murray, Norman

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efficient thermalization of overlapping supernovae within star-forming galaxies may produce a supernova-heated fluid that drives galactic winds. For fiducial assumptions about the timescale for Kelvin-Helmholz (KH) instabilities from high-resolution simulations (which neglect magnetic fields) we show that cool clouds with temperature from T_c ~ 10^2-10^4 K seen in emission and absorption in galactic winds cannot be accelerated to observed velocities by the ram pressure of a hot wind. Taking into account both the radial structure of the hot flow and gravity, we show that this conclusion holds over a wide range of galaxy, cloud, and hot wind properties. This finding calls into question the prevailing picture whereby the cool atomic gas seen in galactic winds is entrained and accelerated by the hot flow. Given these difficulties with ram pressure acceleration, we discuss alternative models for the origin of high velocity cool gas outflows. Another possibility is that magnetic fields in cool clouds are sufficient...

  1. Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    K. , 1993b, Fuel Prices and Economy: Factors Effecting LandCar Test and Actual Fuel Economy: Yet Another Gap? Transportof automobile fuel economy in Europe. Energy Policy 34 14.

  2. Troubled waters : the battle over shipwrecks, treasure and history at the bottom of the sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baehr, Leslie G. (Leslie Gail)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Though shipwrecks and treasure are deeply seductive to the public, the political, ethical, and scientific geography surrounding these sunken ships is not well publicized, except in cases involving large amounts of money. ...

  3. Calming Troubled Waters: Making Interdisciplinarity Work (RES-224-25-0110)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, 1990). Rather, we have concentrated our efforts on examining how natural and social scientists (Reducing the Conflict between Cormorants and Fisheries on a pan-European scale) and IMEW (Integrated

  4. The Trouble with "Queerness": Drag and the Making of Two Cultures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horowitz, Katie Rebecca

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Donnie Waste lip syncs Lady Gaga’s country-inspired eulogynaturalistic performance of Lady Gaga is a way of overcomingSpears, Christina Aguilera, Lady Gaga, Amy Winehouse, MIA,

  5. The Trouble with Gravity Summary/Review Lecture 7: Spring 2009 Compton Lecture Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    energy, and the mass of the black hole decreases to compensate. This is "Hawking radiation of quantum mechanics. · Gravity affects the vacuum energy density ­ According to Newton, gravity affects anything with mass. But according to Einstein, mass is just one form of energy. It follows that gravity

  6. Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Circle of Measuring Automobile Fuel Use, Energy Policy 21. (M. , Dolan, K. , 1993b, Fuel Prices and Economy: Factors1994. New Car Test and Actual Fuel Economy: Yet Another Gap?

  7. The trouble with orbits: the Stark effect in the old and the new quantum theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anthony Duncan; Michel Janssen

    2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The old quantum theory and Schr\\"odinger's wave mechanics (and other forms of quantum mechanics) give the same results for the line splittings in the first-order Stark effect in hydrogen, the leading terms in the splitting of the spectral lines emitted by a hydrogen atom in an external electric field. We examine the account of the effect in the old quantum theory, which was hailed as a major success of that theory, from the point of view of wave mechanics. First, we show how the new quantum mechanics solves a fundamental problem one runs into in the old quantum theory with the Stark effect. It turns out that, even without an external field, it depends on the coordinates in which the quantum conditions are imposed which electron orbits are allowed in a hydrogen atom. The allowed energy levels and hence the line splittings are independent of the coordinates used but the size and eccentricity of the orbits are not. In the new quantum theory, this worrisome non-uniqueness of orbits turns into the perfectly innocuous non-uniqueness of bases in Hilbert space. Second, we review how the so-called WKB (Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin) approximation method for solving the Schr\\"odinger equation reproduces the quantum conditions of the old quantum theory amended by some additional half-integer terms. These extra terms remove the need for some arbitrary extra restrictions on the allowed orbits that the old quantum theory required over and above the basic quantum conditions

  8. Looking for Trouble: Competition Policy in the U.S. Electricity Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushnell, Jim

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric Utilities: BG&E and PEPCO propose to merge. ”proposed merger of BG&E and PEPCO. See Frankena (2001). See

  9. Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Implications. J. ofcommitment to reduce CO2 emissions from new passenger carsACEA’s Commitment on CO2 Emission Reductions from Passenger

  10. Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s Commitment on CO2 Emission Reductions from Passenger Cars.is a small extra reduction in CO2 emissions per km due to a

  11. Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Circle of Measuring Automobile Fuel Use, Energy Policy 21. (1995. Determinants of Automobile Energy Use and Energythe baseline evolution of automobile fuel economy in Europe.

  12. Double, Double Toil and Trouble: Tungsten Burns and Helium Bubbles | U.S.

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,,of ScienceCurrent ProjectsResearch(SC)2/DOE Office

  13. Double, Double Toil and Trouble: Tungsten Burn and Helium Bubbles | U.S.

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEA : Papers69 FederalAdministration Donald6,DoubleDOE

  14. Double, Double Toil and Trouble: Tungsten Burn and Helium Bubbles | U.S.

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEA : Papers69 FederalAdministration Donald6,DoubleDOEDOE

  15. National Adaptation Forum Webinar Series: Out of Town, Not Out of Trouble: Small Agriculture and Indigenous Communities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Join Dr. John Wiener, Research Associate, Research Associate, Program on Environment and Society, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado at Boulder and  Dr. Julie Maldonado, Lead...

  16. The United States has put more CO2 into the atmosphere than anybody else, but without too much trouble we now can take the lead in slowing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    coal-fired power plants, which produce just over half of U.S. electricity and much more CO2 than any this argument they probably think in terms of familiar air pollution, such as sulfur dioxide. Once it enters the atmosphere, normal pollution stays there only a few hours or days. Carbon dioxide is not like that. Much

  17. Having trouble viewing this email? Click here Hi, just a reminder that you're receiving this email because you have expressed an interest in ISU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayfield, John

    the Bioeconomy Graduate Fellowships Oneyear competitive graduate fellowships are offered as part of the Leading the Bioeconomy Initiative appropriation from the Iowa Legislature, and administered through the Bioeconomy to the bioeconomy. Link to instructions Nine fellowships will be awarded to new graduate students admitted for fall

  18. How would I like my coffee? How about doubledouble...TOIL AND TROUBLE! The danger of excess coffee consumption by Joseph Paramagurunathan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael

    , osteoporosis is a major disease associated with bone health. While both men and women are susceptible menopause.ii It is therefore important that young women consume large amounts of calcium during

  19. Procurement Services Forum Minutes July 2011 If you have trouble with any links on this document, then please copy and paste the link in your browser.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    on August 15th (if budgets are all in order). PCard ­ 90 day lockout ­ the online system will lockout end

  20. Religious Studies Revival at http://education.newsweek.com/2010/09/12/religious-studies-thrive-in-troubled-times.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rusu, Adrian

    , anthropologists, and psychologists are all getting into the religion game, trying to discover the roots of human--and, conversely, the impact of religiosity on prosperity. At the University of California, Santa Barbara, long

  1. A review of "La Jouissance et le trouble. Recherches sur la littérature chrétienne de l’Âge Classique." by Jacques Le Brun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. H. Mazaheri

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    principles to interpret Scripture. Thus is born the new ?science? of Hermeneutics, thanks to the Lutheran theologian J. C. Dannhauer. It will be developed as a part of Logic by Descartes? German disciple, J. Clauberg, who applies it not only...

  2. The Trouble with Type 1 Diabetes One of the most important functions of the pancreas is to regulate blood sugar levels.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a several-days supply of insulin and glucagon and will infuse these drugs through small catheters 0.5 mm

  3. Plan B 2.0: Rescuing a Planet Under Stress and a Civilization in Trouble1 Gaylord Nelson Retrospective Lecture Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    . And with each wind farm, rooftop solar panel, paper recycling facility, bicycle path, and reforestation program, the new economy will be powered by abundant sources of renewable energy: wind, solar, geothermal

  4. University of Virginia Athletics & Sports Medicine New Athlete Pre-Participation Health History, 2012-2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    NO ______________________________________________________________________ * Do you have trouble breathing, cough, or wheeze during or after exercise? YES

  5. University of Virginia Athletics & Sports Medicine New Student-Athlete Health History 2013-14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    NO ______________________________________________________________________ · Do you have trouble breathing, cough, or wheeze during or after exercise? YES

  6. SAFETY ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Field Trip Name: __________________________ Trip Dates from:_________ to:_________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothman, Daniel

    , plant or insect allergies, medical conditions (heart trouble, breathing problems, diabetes, etc.) Do you

  7. ACCELERATOR DIVISION ANNUAL REPORTS, 1 JULY 1972 12/31/1974

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lofgren, E.J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    trouble- free as other conventional beam-line components -- a very successful introduction. Compressor

  8. (a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    26. Production. In a production process, let N mean “no = m“ (“'4' 'R) _“n r” + 38"] trouble"and T“trouble." Let the transition probabilities sin (a + 3) cos (a + B) '.

  9. Chapter 7a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    —1 26. Production. In a production process, let N mean “no r his work in trouble” and T“trouble.” Let the transition probabilities from one day to the next be 0.8 for ...

  10. J. DEWAR. 2014The liquefaction of air and detection of impurities (Liqufaction de l'air et mise en vidence des impurets). 2014 Proceed. of the Ch. Soc., n 183;1897.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    traces d'hydrocarbures fournit un liquide trouble, où l'on peut concentrer l'hydrocarbure par évaporation

  11. Campus Recreation Annual Health Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrew

    ? ____ ____ Marfan's syndrome? ____ ____ 14. Do you cough, wheeze or have trouble 23. Do you want to weight more

  12. Have you ever wondered about Europe's distant past? Do you want to know more about knights and chiv-alry, about the literature of Robin Hood and King Arthur, or the magnificence of Gothic and Renaissance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    , or the poetry of Chaucer; you can study the troubled reign of King John, or the Cathar heretics of Southern

  13. Energy Efficiency -- Home Page

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    If you are having trouble, call 202-586-8800 for help. Home >Energy Users EEnergy Efficiency Page Energy-Efficiency Measurement MEASUREMENT DISCUSSION: Measures and Policy Issues...

  14. adiabatic toroidal compressors: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    troubles. Zhaohui Wei; Mingsheng Ying 2007-01-19 12 Performance investigation of a turbocharger compressor. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??ENGLISH ABSTRACT:...

  15. Applications of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) to Rotating Equipment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sainudiin, Raazesh

    , engines), driven equipment (compressors, pumps, mixers, fans, extruders), transmission devices (gears diagnosis, trouble shooting, maintenance, sensor validation, and control. Artificial Neural Network (ANN

  16. THE ELECTRON-RING ACCELERATOR PROGRAM AT BERKELEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, J.M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Compressor 3 experiment are now understood well enough that we have designed with some confi- dence modifications for avoiding these troubles.

  17. THE ELECTRON RING ACCELERATOR PROGRAM AT THE LAWRENCE RADIATION LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMillan, Edwin M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Compressor 3 experiment are now understood well enough that we have, with some confidence, designed modifications which will avoid these troubles.

  18. Associated Students Employment Opportunity Announcement SALARY AND BENEFITS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallo, Linda C.

    , modification, fabrication, welding, and installation. Duties also include trouble shooting, maintenance boilers, heat exchangers, chilled water, liquid recirculation equipment, air compressors, elevators, life

  19. Lesson 38 Exam 3 Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Nov 18, 2013 ... A radio station is having trouble increasing its listening audience, so it decides to start an advertising campaign. It predicts that if they spend $x.

  20. National Adaptation Forum Webinar Series: Out of Town, Not Out...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Adaptation Forum Webinar Series: Out of Town, Not Out of Trouble: Small Agriculture and Indigenous Communities National Adaptation Forum Webinar Series: Out of Town, Not Out of...

  1. Residential implementation of critical-peak pricing of electricity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herter, Karen

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to time-of-day electricity pricing: first empirical results.S. The trouble with electricity markets: understandingresidential peak-load electricity rate structures. Journal

  2. Shouhuai Xu 2000 1 Password-based Authentication and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    &AKE FBackground knowledge FPrevious solutions to authentication: The Trouble FBeing implemented proposals: Server FBeing implemented proposals: Server has a cert. FWeaker assumption proposals: Server has no cert

  3. aiea assistance services: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Help with troubled relationships, depression, stress, emotional concerns, substance abuse, and more We care. Just Christian, Eric 31 The Mobile Robot ARTOS Small Service...

  4. assistance relief services: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Help with troubled relationships, depression, stress, emotional concerns, substance abuse, and more We care. Just Christian, Eric 34 The Mobile Robot ARTOS Small Service...

  5. untitled

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    computing customers and resolving more than 135,000 trouble tickets each year, achieved ISO 9001:2000 certification in March 2007. This involved developing a quality management...

  6. Trekindex Issue 2 and 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . WS #3 Star Trek Scenario. WS #l/2 The Tinman. Int #3 Trekworld. Men #10 Trouble in River City. WS #11 The Trouble With Revels. WS #9 (with Lori Chapek) BLOEMKER, MARY Alpha Meeting. SA/A #^ BL'JE, TYSSN The Enterprise Energy Crisis. 2- 5YM #9 BOARDMAN...

  7. Updated May 22, 2014 Equipment Type Type of Service Requested Est Hrs Est $

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    hrs 2 $110 Trouble shoot system problems - 2 hrs 2 $110 Minus 80 Freezer 6 month preventative maintenance - 1 hr 1 $55 Replace backup battery - 1 hr 1 $55 Replace compressor started relay - 2 hrs 2 $110 Replace door seal - 2 hrs 2 $110 Shut down - 1 hr 1 $55 Trouble shoot power supply problem - 3 hrs 3 $165

  8. REPORT OF MEDICAL HISTORY DATE OF EXAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buehrer, R. Michael

    , growth, cyst, cancer Hernia Hemorrhoids or rectal disease Frequent or painful urination Bed wetting since" or locked knee Foot trouble Nerve Injury Paralysis (including infantile) Epilepsy or seizure Car, train, sea trouble of any sort Periods of unconsciousness Parent/sibling with diabetes, cancer, stroke or heart

  9. Print Media Representations of Violent Women in 1960s and 1970s West Germany 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bielby, Clare

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A proliferation of media discourse on the ‘phenomenon’ of violent women in 1960s and 1970s West Germany suggests that the violent woman is a troubling figure who provokes both fascination and fear. Julia Kristeva’s notion ...

  10. Alternative Fuels Data Center: MotorWeek Video Transcript

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and elsewhere that can spell big trouble for the unsuspecting consumer. So we asked our top tech, Pat Goss, to tell us more about why you might want to avoid these do-it-yourself...

  11. Sandia National Laboratories: SAND 2011-5054W

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    has risen dramatically in recent years, yet the world continues to rely heavily on fossil fuels for its energy needs-a troubling key contributor to international issues of...

  12. Sandia National Laboratories: Combustion Research Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    has risen dramatically in recent years, yet the world continues to rely heavily on fossil fuels for its energy needs-a troubling key contributor to international issues of...

  13. Sandia National Laboratories: CRF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    has risen dramatically in recent years, yet the world continues to rely heavily on fossil fuels for its energy needs-a troubling key contributor to international issues of...

  14. Sandia National Laboratories: Office of Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    has risen dramatically in recent years, yet the world continues to rely heavily on fossil fuels for its energy needs-a troubling key contributor to international issues of...

  15. Permanence : aligning architecture, nuclear waste, and the Public

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maher, John, III (John Edward)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Permanence is intended as a provocation to question the current relationship of time and architecture. Architecture has always had a relationship with time, but historically this relationship has been troubled. In 2013 we ...

  16. Ocean Odysseys: Jack O'Neill, Dan Haifley, and the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Neill, Jack; Haifley, Dan; Reti, Irene; Regional History Project, UCSC Library

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fly the balloons and the airship off of. We found it down inflying the balloon off of it, getting the airship ready. Andthey had some trouble with the airship and we really weren’t

  17. Data system tightens Tenneco Gulf operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    True, W.R.

    1984-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes Tenneco Oil Exploration and Production's real-time data acquisition and transmission system which has helped to reduce well trouble costs and time, as well as increase drilling efficiency. Between 1982 and 1983, trouble costs for Tenneco's domestic divisions dropped from 13.5% of total drilling cost to 6.8%. For one division, the Western Gulf, drilling trouble costs fell from 17% in 1982 to 4% in 1983, and equivalent drilling costs were reduced by $8.6 million. Reduced rig rates and related factors accounted for 24% ($2.1 million) of the improvement in reducing costs. Lower trouble costs and improved drilling efficiency, the major targets of the company's real-time data system, made up the remaining 76% ($6.5 million).

  18. Administrator Guide version 3.0.2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prinz, Friedrich B.

    Records 10.0 Logging 10.1 Job Logging 11.0 TroubleShooting 11.1 Troubleshooting 11.2 Compute Node Health, Inc. All other company and product names may be trademarks of their respective companies

  19. Design and implementation of series elastic actuation in a biomorphic robot leg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Nathaniel K. (Nathaniel Kai Yip)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fluid, efficient, robust bipedal locomotion is hard by some approaches. Today's most advanced bipedal robots require flat and level floors, but are still prone to trips and falls. They have trouble interacting with objects ...

  20. ASSESSMENT OF BUILDING LIFECYLE CARBON EMISSIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwok, George

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    for not abandoning me as your teammate due to the troubles caused by my immigration status. vi ASSESSMENT OF BUILDING LIFECYLE CARBON EMISSIONS ABSTRACT Even though the Carbon Capture & Sequestration Technologies (CC & ST) program at the Massachusetts...

  1. Abstract--Modelling and control of gas turbines (GTs) have always been a controversial issue because of the complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sainudiin, Raazesh

    be utilized as main mechanical drivers for large pumps, compressors, generators or impellers. In a jet engine detection, trouble shooting, etc. To make a model, some important basic factors should be considered. GT

  2. An experimental replica of the vocal folds to study normal and pathological voice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    % of female teachers and 26% of male teachers reported " often or always " voice troubles [2]. Economical of a compressor connected to a large pressure reservoir filled with acoustical foam, in order to damp acoustical

  3. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clements, Craig

    1957 to 1961 Rothermel was employed by the General Electric Co. in the aircraft nuclear propulsion he was employed at Douglas Aircraft Co. as a designer and trouble shooter in the armament group. From

  4. Following Where the Steam Goes: Industry's Business Opportunity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaber, D.; Jones, T.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and condensate return. Systems areas include: ? Water Treatment ? Boilers ? Controls ? Heat Recovery ? Training ? Maintenance ? Traps and Leaks ? Insulation ? Auxiliaries ? Flue Gas Treatment ? Cogeneration Co-firing Trouble Shooting ? Combustion Numbered...

  5. IT Division's Julie Petersen Attends Networking Conference with...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net IT Division's...

  6. APS Colloquium 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    trouble with the chapter seek feature in Firefox, try reinstalling Real Player.) The Higgs Boson for the Masses? December 4, 2013 Chris Quigg, Fermilab Video (MP4), Poster (pdf)...

  7. Iron and Steel Energy Intensities

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    If you are having trouble, call 202-586-8800 for help. Home > >Energy Users > Energy Efficiency Page > Iron and Steel Energy Intensities First Use of Energy Blue Bullet First Use...

  8. The Chicago VOC trading system : the consequences of market design for performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosobud, Richard F.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Chicago cap-and-trade approach to regulating stationary source VOC emissions in the Chicago ozone non-attainment area is a pioneering program that could set a precedent for other urban areas troubled by high ozone ...

  9. Comparison of Current LCD Tracking Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Comparison of Current LCD Tracking Options Bruce Schumm Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics for new S design (pattern recognition, resolution) S detector in real trouble at low angle w/out beam

  10. Terms and Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Terms and...

  11. Repair Sequences in American Learners of German Interlanguage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisbey, Evelyn

    2010-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This study in Conversation Analysis investigates the organization of other-initiated repair sequences in American learners of German, i.e., it examines how learners deal with troubles in hearing or understanding that they ...

  12. The fall semester at Brandeis was marked by racial incidents which left students and faculty very upset. Were these actions of thoughtless individuals,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mairson, Harry

    merely casting bromides upon the troubled waters. What is the University supposed to do? What concrete of shrimp and black bean sauce. These moves were intended to address the need for a "character balance

  13. Medical History Questionnaire This form is voluntary. You may ignore it, complete parts of it, or fill it out fully. It is intended solely for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    Allergy High Blood Pressure Jaundice Gout High Blood Fats Stroke Alcoholism Asthma Cancer Neuritis Frequent or severe headache Gall bladder trouble (gallstones) Paralysis (include infantile, growth, cyst, cancer Depression or excessive worry Chronic or frequent colds Rupture/hernia Loss

  14. The Climate Policy Narrative for a Dangerously Warming World

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanford, Todd [Union of Concerned Scientists] [Union of Concerned Scientists; Frumhoff, Peter [Union of Concerned Scientists] [Union of Concerned Scientists; Luers, Amy [Skoll Global Threats Fund] [Skoll Global Threats Fund; Gulledge, Jay [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is time to acknowledge that global average temperatures will likely rise above the 2 C policy target and consider how that deeply troubling prospect should affect priorities for communicating and managing the risks of a dangerously warming climate.

  15. 15 Hours and 59 Minutes Story on Page 26

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holsinger, Kent

    addressed the troubling disappearance of honeybees -- leading to questions of what it may mean to humankind about the consequences of loss of plants or loss of pollinators." VIDEO Watch Krissa Skogen '08 Ph

  16. A Comparison in Chinese Inter-generational Saving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, David

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    strong motivation for precautionary saving, as these individuals are the most vulnerable to sudden changes in the Chinese economy. In essence, the ideal social welfare policies would be ones where groups who have more trouble adjusting to sudden shocks...

  17. Molten-Salt Depleted-Uranium Reactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Bao-Guo; Gu, Ji-Yuan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The supercritical, reactor core melting and nuclear fuel leaking accidents have troubled fission reactors for decades, and greatly limit their extensive applications. Now these troubles are still open. Here we first show a possible perfect reactor, Molten-Salt Depleted-Uranium Reactor which is no above accident trouble. We found this reactor could be realized in practical applications in terms of all of the scientific principle, principle of operation, technology, and engineering. Our results demonstrate how these reactors can possess and realize extraordinary excellent characteristics, no prompt critical, long-term safe and stable operation with negative feedback, closed uranium-plutonium cycle chain within the vessel, normal operation only with depleted-uranium, and depleted-uranium high burnup in reality, to realize with fission nuclear energy sufficiently satisfying humanity long-term energy resource needs, as well as thoroughly solve the challenges of nuclear criticality safety, uranium resource insuffic...

  18. Steam System Optimization : A Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iordanova, N.; Venkatesan, V. V.; Calogero, M.

    perfonnance at higher ambient temperatures. The set point for shutdown of the compressors is 140?F and the oil temperature reached l36-140~ during the survey. Trouble free compressor operation is ensured when required temperatures are maintained... be justified by a high level of boiler utilization. Once installed, they are usually trouble-free and require little maintenance. It was proposed to install an economizer in the stack of the boilers to recover a portion of the heat that is carried away...

  19. Printed from: http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/cd20294a-2000-11e1-8662-00144feabdc0.html Print a single copy of this article for personal use. Contact us if you wish to print more to distribute to others.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    of the 2007 assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) conspiring to keep peer their views on the subject of hurricanes and climate change. This exchange, and others, revealed scientists organisations that represent the authority of science in public settings. Denial of the troubling issues raised

  20. Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 03 au 09 mai 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Université de

    , 2010 Leaders The oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico - Deep trouble : America's distorted energy markets. Business education Business education - Case studies : Like the companies their professors study, the world at the top of the world, greening some parts and browning others. The alterations could exacerbate climate

  1. On Improving the Effectiveness of Open Learning Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conati, Cristina

    specific student difficulties. ACE provides students with a highly-graphical, exploratory learning that support the exploratory behaviour of those students who would otherwise have trouble learning of tutor-controlled environments that monitor and structure the learning process through focused activities

  2. PAIN SCALES (ATTACHMENT A)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    TOTAL SCORE: ADD INDIVIDUAL ASSESSMENT SCORES TO DETERMINE THE TOTAL PAIN SCORE. TOTAL THE 5 CATEGORIES FOR TOTAL PAIN SCORE. MAXIMUM SCORE = 10/10. Reference: Merkel SJ, et al. The FLACC: A Behavioral Pain Scale or groan. Low level speech with a negative or disapproving quality. Repeated troubled calling out. Loud

  3. Managing Software Development for Global Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    refrigeration. Cold chain description · Storage of vaccines from national level to point of delivery · Manage · The Cold Chain · National Vaccine Forecasting · CCEM 1.0: In house development · CCEM 2.1: Out sourcing and was in serious trouble · Applying software industry best practices is leading to a positive outcome 3

  4. Managing Software Development for Global Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    too much refrigeration. #12;Cold chain description · Storage of vaccines from national level to pointManaging Software Development for Global Health Richard Anderson #12;Outline · PATH · The Cold and was in serious trouble · Applying software industry best practices is leading to a positive outcome 3/10/2010 CSE

  5. vol 49 ( 2011) pages 4710 4718 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2011.06.075

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    continuous nickel (Ni) nanorods inside the hollow cavity of car bon nanofibers (CNFs), thus forming troubles for CNT separation in the following steps. On the other hand, metal particles/nano rods it challenging to synthesize continuous metal nanorods/nano wires in vertically aligned CNTs

  6. STAG UK Newsletter Issue 8 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ? They are pretty good odds,Spock! SPaCK: And they are of course accurate,Captain. ~it~ on the edge of forever: EDITH KEELER: "That on earth is THAT? SPOCK:I am endevouring, Ma'am,'to construct a mnemonic circuit using stone knives and bearskins ~ THE TROUBLE...

  7. Gone Rogue: An Analysis of Rogue Security Software Campaigns (Invited Paper)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Junfeng

    victims. A troubling, recent example of this trend is cyber- criminals distributing rogue security or no protection. While the technical and economical aspects of rogue security software (e.g., its distribution programs are distributed by cyber- criminals to generate a financial profit. In fact, after the initial

  8. April 27, 2009 Message to the USC Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    and pains, sore throats, coughing and trouble breathing. "Some people have also reported diarrhea, nose, or mouth, as these are pathways for spread of germs. · Cover your mouth and nose when you cough feel sick. · If you are ill with fever and other symptoms of flu like cough and sore throat, see

  9. Proceedings of the Second Conference on the Human Dimensions of Wildland Fire GTR-NRS-P-84 44 WILDFIRE IN THE UNITED KINGDOM: STATUS AND KEY ISSUES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .K. wildfire management. Wildfires challenge the resources of U.K. Fire and Rescue Services (FRSs), especially in the north and west of the United Kingdom is blanket bog on deep peat. This moorland is the U.K.'s most because firefighters have trouble reaching them and because peat fires are especially dangerous

  10. INEEL/EXT-04-02506 2 Decision-Makers' Forum on a Unified Strategy for Nuclear Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INEEL/EXT-04-02506 #12;2 Decision-Makers' Forum on a Unified Strategy for Nuclear Energy The Need a cogent call for unified action. Decision-Makers' Report: A Unified Strategy for Nuclear Energy A n with troubling trends in the #12;Decision-Makers' Forum on a Unified Strategy for Nuclear Energy 3 t is widely

  11. 5 SEPTEMBER 2014 VOL 345 ISSUE 6201 1097SCIENCE sciencemag.org 5 SEPTEMBER 2014 VOLUME 345 ISSUE 6201

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Napp, Nils

    SHRINKS TROUBLED CENTER Japan's developmental biology powerhouse brought to knees by misconduct PERSPECTIVES 1116 GREENLAND DEGLACIATION PUZZLES Nitrogen isotope data help to resolve puzzling observations phenotype diversity needs to catch up with genomic data By D. Zamir REPORT P. 1181 1125 APPLYING SCIENTIFIC

  12. ACEEE Int. J. on Electrical and Power Engineering, Vol. 02, No. 01, Feb 2011 2011 ACEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    as other power systems troubles such as damping of voltage oscillations . The basic principle of active the load current, harmonics and voltage oscillations. This is called unified power quality conditioner; its.IJEPE.02.01.78 36 Design of UPQC with Minimization of DC Link voltage for the Improvement of Power

  13. BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES FISH COMMISSION. 57 Fifth dredge (two minutes) : 170 oysters, three yeap old ;some shells.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    this bay are, as a rule, in good condition and not much troubled with enemies, although some drills. Flavor and condition of oysters good, al- though rather salt. spuyten Duyvel Creek. .Years ago the Hudson'sBank, 3,126,000 Pounds salt cod, 24,280 pounds fresh haliQut; from Grand Bank, 3,225,- pounds salt cod

  14. University of Calgary -Schulich School of Engineering Project 3 -Week Lookahead (Jan 04,10)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    - Inspection 12 Pneumatic trouble shooting Siemens 13 Remove old Water Tank Install Sub Basement 14 A100 Elec Corridor Perimeter Scaffold Removal 68 Hot Water Tank Install Sub Basement 69 Generator Install 70 heater meeting cancelled TBD 55 C08 VCT 56 C08 Floor Sealing 57 Siemens final review/ deficiencies 58 EF

  15. THE ECONOMICS OF NUCLEAR REACTORS: RENAISSANCE OR RELAPSE?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    THE ECONOMICS OF NUCLEAR REACTORS: RENAISSANCE OR RELAPSE? MARK COOPER SENIOR FELLOW FOR ECONOMIC Findings Approach Hope and Hype vs. Reality in Nuclear Reactor Costs The Economic Cost of Low Carbon. INTRODUCTION 10 A. The Troubling History of Nuclear Reactor Costs B. Purpose and Outline II. THE STRUCTURE

  16. lackouts, rising gas prices, changes to the Clean Air Act, proposals to open wilderness and protected offshore areas to gas drilling, and increasing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keeling, Stephen L.

    | Bibliography | Index Available July 2004 To order your copy today please call 800.639.4099 or visit www.chelseagreen.com The United States will find the world of LNG [liquefied natural gas] potentially much more troubling than to control the world's dwindling oil supply, expansion into LNG (with its main production sources in anti

  17. Climatic Change (2011) 105:383385 DOI 10.1007/s10584-010-0017-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Climatic Change (2011) 105:383­385 DOI 10.1007/s10584-010-0017-1 Bubble, bubble, toil and trouble-size bubbles in water to increase albedo and cool the water as an alternative to geoengineering radiation management" attempts to reduce absorbed solar radiation to counteract the warming. Carbon capture

  18. Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 27 dcembre 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Université de

    . United States Las Vegas in crisis - Party over : The city's troubles are part cyclical, part existential--and rising inflation and interest rates, lack of investment in infrastructure and a fiscally incontinent are both bigger and smaller than assumed. Phone calls - Hanging up : Reports of the death of the phone call

  19. H1.9.1 Telecommunications Network Diagnosis Andrea Pohoreckyj Danyluk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provost, Foster

    , NY 10012 fprovost@stern.nyu.edu December 8, 1999 Abstract The Scrubber 3 system monitors problems, many of which lead to automated actions. Scrubber saves Bell Atlantic millions of dollars annually, by reducing the number of inappropriate technician dis- patches. Scrubber's core knowledge base, the Trouble

  20. of students want more information on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    of a holistic view of wellness. Toolkit HEALTHY CAMPUS RECYCLE Recycle your food containers! There are compost and recycling bins everywhere on campus, so take a minute to do your part. GET TO KNOW Visit Enrolment Services · Trouble sleeping · Tired/low energy, muscle tension, headaches · Procrastination · Decreased social

  1. Morph Endo! Task Description of the Tenth Interstellar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    dropped on Earth by an Interstellar Garbage Collector. Both the life form and its faithful space ship was hit by a cargo container that was also dropped by the Garbage Collector. Endo is now in serious trouble. It cannot survive on planet Earth in its present form, and Arrow is running low on power

  2. Department of Information and Computing Sciences Utrecht University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stansifer, Ryan

    by the Garbage Collector. Endo is now in serious trouble. It cannot survive on planet Earth in its present form not properly adapted. Endo had the bad luck of being dropped on Earth by an Interstellar Garbage Collector been able to come up with a form in which Endo will survive. Unfortunately, given its current condition

  3. The Critical Importance ofThe Critical Importance of Nanotechnology to the NationalNanotechnology to the National

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moeck, Peter

    presence and talent search are the main drivers of overseas presence · But lower costs (labor, regulation opportunity, the best solutions/ideas ­ then intensive risk mitigation · Troubling signs in US ­ regulation, litigation, high costs, immigration restrictions, weak STEM pipeline · "Clean Tech" (energy, water

  4. Week 31, Local Experiences Here's Jeff at the helm.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bardsley, John

    father of Alex's friend Johnnie) invited me out for some fishing on the ocean. We left from Karitane Point on his boat and had no trouble getting into fish; Jeff knew some spots. We caught some blue cod and several of another kind of fish whose name escapes me. We also saw a school of about 100 dolphins

  5. Position Summary Employee Details

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    . Learn new methodologies that extend business analysis best practices and processes. Physical Demands for researching (using campus policies, best practices, stakeholder and sponsor group interviews, MyInfoVault team current business analysis best practices. Participate in trouble-shooting system issues, determine cause

  6. Investigating Social Conflicts Linked to Water Resources through Agent-Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    would increase significantly but the local troubles linked to the lack of water resources 1Investigating Social Conflicts Linked to Water Resources through Agent-Based Modelling Mehdi, natural resources and water resources in particular are likely to be one of the major origins of social

  7. Identification of inhibitors of N5 -carboxyaminoimidazole ribonucleotide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holden, Hazel

    -resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) found that approximately 19,000 individuals die each year from this disease- tions are responsible for longer hospital stays and higher health- care costs.4 Historically, MRSA an increase in community-acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA).5 CA-MRSA infections are especially troubling because

  8. Syllabus for MA 16100 IMPACT, Fall 2014 Description: Many ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    university-wide program at Purdue whose goal is to replace large lectures with something ... to topics that many students have trouble with, such as word problems. ... be a quiz in every recitation class; the schedule is posted at the course web.

  9. Geothermal drilling problems and their impact on cost

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carson, C.C.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Historical data are presented that demonstrate the significance of unexpected problems. In extreme cases, trouble costs are the largest component of well costs or severe troubles can lead to abandonment of a hole. Drilling experiences from US geothermal areas are used to analyze the frequency and severity of various problems. In addition, average trouble costs are estimated based on this analysis and the relationship between trouble and depth is discussed. The most frequent drilling and completion problem in geothermal wells is lost circulation. This is especially true for resources in underpressured, fractured formations. Serious loss of circulation can occur during drilling - because of this, the producing portions of many wells are drilled with air or aerated drilling fluid and the resulting corrosion/erosion problems are tolerated - but it can also affect the cementing of well casing. Problems in bonding the casing to the formation result from many other causes as well, and are common in geothermal wells. Good bonds are essential because of the possibility of casing collapse due to thermal cycling during the life of the well. Several other problems are identified and their impacts are quantified and discussed.

  10. Cover image analysing the response of graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    : Lessons to be learned Andreas Trabesinger 7 reduced-dimensional systems: Probe for electronic Life and mysterious Disappearance of ettore majorana, the troubled genius of the nuclear age by João 5 Quantum many-body physics: Confinement in a quantum magnet Martin Greiter 6 Science education

  11. Deciphering the measured ratios of Iodine-131 to Cesium-137 at the Fukushima reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matsui, T

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the relative abundance of the radioactive isotopes Iodine-131 and Cesium-137 produced by nuclear fission in reactors and compare it with data taken at the troubled Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant. The ratio of radioactivities of these two isotopes can be used to obtain information about when the nuclear reactions terminated.

  12. NATIONAL RADIO ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY Oreen Bank, West Virginia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    -Figure Measurement 6 Amplifier Saturation-Input Power vs. Output Power 7 Gain-Bandpass Using Ratiometer and X, va- ractor testing and replacement, and power supply troubles are also covered. #12;2 Measurement - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 Measurements of Gain-Bandpass Characteristic A. Sweep-Frequency Method

  13. Managing Adrenal Insufficiency This information was developed by the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rau, Don C.

    , and water in the body. What is adrenal insufficiency? Adrenal insufficiency means that there is not enough. Causes of permanent AI include the following: Addison's Disease Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH. Children with AI who have trouble swal lowing pills can take Florinef tablets dis solved in water

  14. NEW MODEL FOR AGGLUTINITIC GLASS FORMATION FROM LSCC DATA C. M. Pieters Dept. Geological Sciences, Brown Univ., Providence, RI 02912 (pieters@mare.geo.brown.edu),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Lawrence A.

    - tinates. The only troubling note concerned TiO2 in Ti-rich soils. Although ilmenite was present in TiO2 by more than a factor of two [5], strongly suggesting ilmenite did not enter the glass lunar samples it has been well known that glass-welded ag- gregates (agglutinates) accumulate in lunar

  15. TESLA Report 2001-38 THE TESLA CRYO-PLANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , instrument air would bring no advantage 2 Blockage by frozen impurities Air and/or water vapor provide. bearings, leaking oil pump seal, turbine bearing trouble would bring no advantage over part redundancy vacuum, rupture heat exchanger, oil spill into CB would have a positive effect Further discussions

  16. Report Cards for Manholes : Eliciting Expert Feedback for a Learning Task Axinia Radeva1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudin, Cynthia

    in Manhattan, where the ranking criterion is vulnerability to serious events such as fires, explosions structures with respect to the likelihood of experiencing a serious manhole event, meaning an explosion, fire explosion in a popular area of midtown New York City and tried to find all information about the "trouble

  17. Published as Feature Article: 12 July 2013 Healing Egypt: Three Steps to Unify the Nation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Published as Feature Article: 12 July 2013 Healing Egypt: Three Steps to Unify the Nation Op by stopping U.S. aid to Egypt. The picture is not this simple, and the current situation is more than a coup troubled Middle East. The real question is: What can be done for Egypt in its democratic transition

  18. S P R I N G 2 0 0 9 arts&sciencesI N S I D E

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchant, David R.

    , and stock market tumbles. Indeed, these are troubling economic times. This past fall, President Robert Brown faced the situation head-on. Rather than taking a wait-and-see approach to the ongoing finan- cial turmoil, he was one of the first university presidents to take serious proactive measures in the crisis

  19. Rigging a horse and rider: simulating the predictable and repetitive movement of the rider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhnel, Jennifer Lynn

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    setup. If an animation piece is only going to have a few shots with a horse and rider, then the trouble of setting up an automated character rig is not practical, but if there are a significant amount of shots with a horse and rider galloping across...

  20. Skeletal Muscle as a Mechanism for Peripheral Regulation of Voluntary Physical Activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, David Paul

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .6 Suggested Mechanism for Blood Clot Formation and Cardiac Death???.76 4.7 Solution to Fatal Vivo-morpholinos ??????????????????????78 V CONCLUSIONS?????????????????????????????????..???????..79 REFERENCES..., specifically Mike Wiggs and Kevin Shimkus for their help in trouble shooting the western blot technique. viii NOMENCLATURE Mouse Gene Italicized First Letter Capitalized (ex: Glut4) Human Gene ALL CAPITALIZED ITALICIZED (ex: GLUT4) Mouse...

  1. ONESTEPinthe NIGHT might SAVEyour LIFE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ejiri, Shinji

    sometimes discourage theft. Period: October 2010 - September 2011 2010 10 2011 9 #12;Say NO to illegal drugs Illegal drugs can ruin your life! Drug dependence can lead to financial troubles and violence, destroying changes. MDMA There are various types of illegal drugs Illegal drugs include amphetamines, marijuana

  2. InsideIllinoisJan. 20, 2011 Vol. 30, No. 13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Jennifer

    -year moratorium on Gulf oil drilling is an unwise decision. PAGE 7 I N D E X A MINUTE WITH ... TM 4 ACHIEVEMENTS 9 with Nosema bombi, an intracel- lular parasite known to afflict some species of bumble bees in Europe. The new of, we could be in trouble." u Graphic by Janet Sinn-Hanlon of the Imaging Technology Center, Beckman

  3. Deciphering the measured ratios of Iodine-131 to Cesium-137 at the Fukushima reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Matsui

    2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the relative abundance of the radioactive isotopes Iodine-131 and Cesium-137 produced by nuclear fission in reactors and compare it with data taken at the troubled Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant. The ratio of radioactivities of these two isotopes can be used to obtain information about when the nuclear reactions terminated.

  4. Predicting Hedge Fund Fraud Nicolas P.B. Bollen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and SIFR. Utpal Bhattacharya, Gerry Martin, Jacob Sagi, and Harvey Westbrook also provided useful comments The SEC's 2008 complaint against two Bear Stearns hedge fund managers, for example, charges with prior legal trouble are significantly more likely to bear these operational risks, and are more likely

  5. Before the deluge? Assessing the threat of nuclear leakage from the post-Soviet states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Potter, W.C.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most nuclear security problems are linked to the Russian Federation and the region`s troubled economic, political and social conditions. They are unlikely to be resolved without substantial progress in stabilizing the economy and renewing public trust in government institutions. The author makes a risk assessment of the threat and cites specific cases of theft and diversion of fissile materials and the need for action to control this activity. 17 refs.

  6. An experimental investigation of flow control for supersonic inlets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Titchener, Neil

    2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    and in severe cases can lead to engine surge. In the early days of inlet design pressure recovery was generally considered the most im- portant parameter in inlet flow, however, the development of axial compressors with higher tip speeds and blade loadings... descriptors shown above. 7 Chapter 2. Inlet Design–A Brief Introduction For more details on distortion, especially the influence of unsteadiness, the reader should refer to the details of the flight testing trouble encountered with the F-111 described...

  7. Compressed Air Energy Savings: SAV-AIR Monitor and Control System and the PNW Compressed Air Challenge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, K. J.; Annen, B.; Scott, S.

    year in compressed air energy costs. Their system included three older oil-flooded screw compressors two 25-horsepower (HP) and one 75 -HP. Although 100-HP ofcompressor was running continuously, it was having trouble providing enough air... such as improperly installed or leaking distribution lines, outdated or inadequate controls, and excess compressor capacity. But efficiency improvements and speed controls could save over [7%. In the Pacific Northwest (PNW) compressed air systems consumed 4...

  8. The Technical and Economical Analysis of the Air-conditioning System Usage in Residential Buildings in Beijing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheng, G.; Xie, G.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -conditioning has many merits such as clean, safety, high COP, longevity of service, low price and maintenance easily. But it also has weak aspects, for example, its power consumption is higher, which has became the main hidden trouble of electric network..., stability of running, service life, maintenance, price, and so on. There are 3 kinds of common water chilling units, which are the centrifugal compressor chiller? the ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Building Commissioning for Energy Efficiency...

  9. Energy Efficient Retrofits and Green Building Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahman, M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are reduced, making the business more profitable and competitive. ? Comfort levels are increased for staff, which can improve productivity. ? Increase life of the equipment, provide trouble free operation and minimize equipment down time ? Energy usage.... Before Retrofits; The central chiller plant was equipped with 4 Chillers each Chiller was provided with Multi Stage Centrifugal Compressor. Each Chiller was connected to an individual Radiator for Heat Rejection, each Radiator was provided with 4...

  10. Design of Energy-Efficient Approximate Arithmetic Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shao, Botang

    2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    acknowledgement to my parents and twin brother. They kept encouraging me when I was in trouble and especially, I got much encouragement from my twin brother who is now a PhD student in one of the best medical universities in China and is working so hard on his... ...................................................................................... 31 4.2 Further Error and Cost Reduction for Fixed-Width Squarers ................................ 33 5. COMPRESSORS FOR MULTIPLIER AND SQUARER DESIGN ........................... 36 vii 5.1 2:2 Compressors...

  11. Energy Management of Chiller Plant for Improved Efficiency and Operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, D. P.; Rice, L. S.

    while meeting the operational requirements of plant chillers. The chiller energy management is an integrated part of total energy management system including the boilers. A uniform display is used for boilers, chillers, compressors, etc. Specific... displayed and organized so that the plant is easily manageable. With the outdated equipment, a major control system failure could generate discomfort. Furthermore, more manual observation and adjustments were required to provide a trouble-free operation...

  12. Integrating Energy Markets: Does Sequencing Matter?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neuhoff, Karsten; Newbery, David

    the nuclear power stations: the aging Magnox stations, the more modern Advanced Gas Cooled Reactors, whose earlier troubled history of delays appeared to have ended around 1990, and one PWR under construction. All these nuclear plant were inflexible and ran... : National Power, PowerGen, and Nuclear Electric. All except Nuclear Electric were privatized, although the modern stations of Nuclear Electric were subse- quently sold as British Energy in 1996. Nuclear Electric, as its name suggests, contained all...

  13. The World of Dark Shadows Issue 15

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    " he an.w.red br\\Uqua lI* • ·~han dOD't troUble,' .be an.pped back. "Thank the captain but t.ll h1a I'd rather .ta1 wbere I ••.• -SUit ,oura.lt," be .ald, ahruss.d and turned to go. ·Wait, ple.... Betore ;you go, oould you get that book tor ••?­ pel...

  14. The analysis of the Conde de Tolosa and the Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe olive jar assemblage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, Stephen Robert

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    recovered in the New World. Analysis of these containers imparts a wealth of information critical to the understanding of this widely used and diffused ceramic type. Besides revealing a previously unreported form the study suggests needed changes in both.... A. , for his time and trouble with maps, provenience and general information; to all the people of the Domincan Republic for their buenas aventuras and smiles given during our stay on the island; to all my friends, colleagues and professors, who...

  15. Gossypol content of industrial cotton dust: evaluation and application of the Gossypol - Aniline complex method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruenwald, Guillermo Jose Samuel

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , The lay terms used in the early days of the recognition of this disease include: "mill fever ", "weavers cough". "weaver. s a. , thma", 'cotton dust disease", "brown ung", "Noonday morning fever", etc. 17 Byssinosis symptoms may be noted after... cough incessantly and by degrees brings on asthmatic troubles. ? The American researcher, Winslow, aghast , 5 mill conditions t n the ear ly '1900's noted the hazards o "the carding room" with the clouds of f ine chokihg dust. " 5 6 Later...

  16. Laboratory manual for salt-mixing test in 37- and 217-pin bundles. [LMFBR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chan, Y.N.; Todreas, N.E.

    1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This laboratory manual deals with the procedure employed during salt tracer experiments used in evaluating the hydraulic characteristics of a rod bundle. A description of the standard equipment used is given together with the details of manufacture of probes used for detecting the salt concentration. Details of the bundle construction have been excluded as they are availble in the reference cited. An attempt has been made to point out potential trouble areas and procedures.

  17. Rock Chalk Report, May 7, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Trouble seeing something? view it online or To unsubscribe, click here or send an email to: unsubscribe- 87@pacmail.em.marketinghq.net. May 7, 2014 Rock Chalk Report The Official Newsletter of Kansas Athletics... an email to: unsubscribe-87@pacmail.em.marketinghq.net. © 2014, University of Kansas. The team names, logos and uniform designs are registered trademarks of the teams indicated. No logos, photographs or graphics in this email may be reproduced without...

  18. Current generation by phased injection of pellets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisch, N.J.

    1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    By phasing the injection of frozen pellets into a tokamak plasma, it is possible to generate current. The current occurs when the electron flux to individual members of an array of pellets is asymmetric with respect to the magnetic field. The utility of this method for tokamak reactors, however, is unclear; the current, even though free in a pellet-fueled reactor, may not be large enough to be worth the trouble. Uncertainty as to the utility of this method is, in part, due to uncertainty as to proper modeling of the one-pellet problem.

  19. The Social and Ecological Correlates of Bankruptcy During the Farm Fiscal Crisis, 1970-1987

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, John P.

    1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and 1982, about one-quarter of farm operators increased the size of their operation. Figures vary from state to state on how many farm operators purchased land as a growth strategy and how many opted to cash rent land. United States Department... of Agriculture figures show about 60 percent of the land on a typical commercial farm was owned and 40 percent of the land was leased (USDA, 1985). Figures from North Dakota developed from farm families in financial trouble indicated these farm operators averaged...

  20. The Business of Selling Electronic Documents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manuel Oriol

    2009-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The music industry has huge troubles adapting to the new technologies. As many pointed out, when copying music is essentially free and socially accepted it becomes increasingly tempting for users to infringe copyrights and copy music from one person to another. The answer of the music industry is to outlaw a majority of citizens. This article describes how the music industry should reinvent itself and adapt to a world where the network is ubiquitous and exchanging information is essentially free. It relies on adapting prices to the demand and lower costs of electronic documents in a dramatic way.

  1. Reactance simulation for the defects in steam generator tube with outside ferrite sludge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryu, Kwon-sang; Kima, Yong-il [Division of Metrology for Quality Life, KRISS, Daejeon, 305-600 (Korea, Republic of); Son, Derac [Department of Physics, Hannam University, Daejeon, 336-840 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Duck-gun [Nuclear Material Technique Development Team, KAERI, Daejeon, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of); Jung, Jae-kap [Division of Physical Metrology, KRISS, Daejeon, 305-600 (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A magnetic sludge is partly produced around the tube sheet outside a steam generator due to stress and heat. The sludge with magnetite is one of the important factors affecting eddy current signals. It causes trouble for the safety of the steam generator tubes and is difficult to detect by conventional eddy current methods. A new type of probe is needed to detect the signals for the magnetic sludge. We designed a new U-type yoke which has two kinds of coils--a magnetizing coil and the other a detecting coil--and we simulated the signal induced by the ferromagnetic sludge in the Inconel 600 tube.

  2. Proceedings of the 1991 Socioeconomic Energy Research and Analysis Conference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    These proceedings analyze US energy policy as it pertains to minority groups. Example topics include: Economic impacts of the National Energy Strategy on minority and majority households, Utility measures to assist payment-troubled customers, Equity impacts of controlling energy usage through market-based versus regulatory approaches, Technical and planning support for the DOE-HUD initiative for energy efficiency in housing, an analysis of residential energy consumption and expenditures by minority households by home type and housing vintage, and methodical issues in evaluating integrated least cost planning programs.

  3. No Holds Barred Issue 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindar; The Captain

    2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    on those worried lines that made little furrows beside his generous mouth. "The principle objective is to stay alive, and don't get into any trouble." He really was worried, to stress the point that way. "What, me? Now would I?" I grinned with what I... of death. If I didn't open my mouth he'd probably shoot us on the spot - but once I did, it would be obvious we were Americans. I tried to look surprised and scared. "I don't speak the native lingo. I'm Lee Crane, and we're American sailors. Just...

  4. Ogmios 24

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostler, Nicholas D M

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and the editors of the Tatar encyclopaedia. I met poets, dancers and singers (classical and modern), as well as the owner of the chief compressor factory in Tatarstan. What I found, in both republics, was a situation tantalizingly similar to that of modern... of action in the face of mounting opposition. From the very day it was mooted by the Department of Personnel Administration and Reforms (DPAR), it was clear that the controversial GO was headed for trouble. The GO had stipulated that in areas where...

  5. Performance Characterization of a Medium-Duty Diesel Engine with Bio-Diesel and Petroleum Diesel Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquivel, Jason

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    and help with course materials. Second I would like to Dr. Anand and Dr. Lau for helping me when I had academic troubles and seeing me through. Last but not least, I would like to thank Dr. Alvarado for sitting in on my committee on such short notice... but you are always in my heart, thanks to everyone for their support. vii ABBREVIATIONS/NOMENCLATURE AERL Advanced Engine Research Laboratory BSFC Brake Specific Fuel Consumption CO Carbon Monoxide CO 2 Carbon Dioxide CPO Compressor...

  6. NEOS server 4.0 administrative guide.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dolan, E. D.

    2001-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The NEOS Server 4.0 provides a general Internet-based client/server as a link between users and software applications. The administrative guide covers the fundamental principals behind the operation of the NEOS Server, installation and trouble-shooting of the Server software, and implementation details of potential interest to a NEOS Server administrator. The guide also discusses making new software applications available through the Server, including areas of concern to remote solver administrators such as maintaining security, providing usage instructions, and enforcing reasonable restrictions on jobs. The administrative guide is intended both as an introduction to the NEOS Server and as a reference for use when running the Server.

  7. Southern Enclave Issue 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that as an ?out? to explain the contention in the novel that he is being used by others. I think per haps the most important element there is the ?massive organs of commerce.? These are the vast units that control great wealth and the galactic market... with the Alliance. After all, the Alliance is just a force of the Old Repub lic which caused all the trouble in the first place. These elements--probably a few impoverished worlds and laborer groups --may form their own resistance movement. It is not uncommon...

  8. The Effect of Salt Water on Rice.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1927-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    mq A QTF *'. ' . - - . 1 bC1 r*. .. r * - .=.-ksl-, G v $. THE EFFECT OF SALT WATER ON RICE AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President \\ STATION ,,,bfINISTRATION: *B. YOUNGBLOOD, M. S., Ph. D.,, Director A B CONNER... of Agriculture. ****In cooperation with the School of Agriculture. SYNOPSIS Rice farmers sometimes have trouble with salt in the water used for irrigation. Varying conditions, such as character of soil, amount of water already on the land, stage of growth...

  9. Cockroaches ... Recognition and Control.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamman, Philip J.; Turney H.A.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ,500 species of cockroaches exist in the world today, with 55 species known to live in the U.S. In Texas, only five species are really trouble some in homes and other buildings. The other cock roach species are not found in Texas or they breed and live... , approach of cold weather, they move in masses into homes and other buildings. In buildings, these cock roaches inhabit high moisture areas such as sewers, drains and dark, damp basements. They somewhat restrict their activities to the ground or below...

  10. Final Project Report - ARM CLASIC CIRPAS Twin Otter Aerosol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John A. Ogren

    2010-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The NOAA/ESRL/GMD aerosol group made three types of contributions related to airborne measurements of aerosol light scattering and absorption for the Cloud and Land Surface Interaction Campaign (CLASIC) in June 2007 on the Twin Otter research airplane operated by the Center for Interdisciplinary Remotely-Piloted Aircraft Studies (CIRPAS). GMD scientists served as the instrument mentor for the integrating nephelometer and particle soot absorption photometer (PSAP) on the Twin Otter during CLASIC, and were responsible for (1) instrument checks/comparisons; (2) instrument trouble shooting/repair; and (3) data quality control (QC) and submittal to the archive.

  11. Avoiding Sick Buildings while Assuring Occupant Productivity and Building Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Int-Hout, D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .5 Fig 5 Thermal Comfort Envelopes It can be seen that a single setpoint, such as 75F 50% RH, will satisfy neither individual above. Another problem results from occupant?s misdiagnosis of what is troubling them. The individual on the left, (1....1 Met, 1.0 Clo) above, at 75F, will probably not complain of being too warm, as indicated, but will more likely complain of being ?Stuffy?. Building operators may be inclined to ignore these complaints, especially when the building...

  12. The problem of Creole loyalty and the Burr Conspiracy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beauchamp, Michael Kelly

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was particularly unfortunate, Jefferson felt, as he saw few other points of contention at the time with that nation. France posed a much greater threat than Spain, which was in decline, and however truculent its behavior, was thought to be so weak... it was with the understanding that the troubled territories of Spain were to receive the sanctifying touch of modern enlightenment ? to be freed from the bonds of mediaevalism. The Creoles had indeed lived under such a regime, and for years after coming into the Union were...

  13. Economic history of the United States in 1930

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brents, Thomas Edward

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . This act, it was hoped, would betttsx farm conditions, through a nH governmental agency, ths Federal Farm Hoard, an agency which was to become very prominent in farm affairs Xn 1930? Tariffs were thought to bs onc remedy for farm troubles' Accord1ng... to the report of the Secretary of Agriculture, "It has become to be more generally rscOgnized that tariff protsctiOn for the farmer is a necessary part of a sound national agricul? tural policytw Consequently Congress began work on the unto fortunate Hawlsy...

  14. Development of a full-flow burner regeneration type diesel particulate filter using SiC honeycomb

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okazoe, Hiroshi; Shimizu, Kenji; Watanabe, Yoshito; Santiago, E.; Kugland, P.; Ruth, W.

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A diesel particulate filter (DPF) for city buses was developed that combines a SiC filter and a full-now type burner for regeneration. Filter crack problems were averted by suppressing the peak temperature inside the filter to under 900 C. This was done by setting the maximum tolerable amount of collected particulate mass before regeneration at 50 g and controlling the burner so as to increase the regeneration gas temperature slowly up to a set value. This DPF was retrofitted to a Tokyo metropolitan bus to conduct a field test. The field test has been under way for half a year without any trouble or deterioration of system performance.

  15. Improved Methods of Utilizing the Magnolia Fig.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, , H. M. (Harold M.)

    1933-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -- bxide keep tions move CONTENTS Page Fig Preserves 5 Present Methods 5 Effect of the Concentra.tion of Lye on Its Peeling Efficiency .._._-.._._- 6 Effect of Acid Dip on Lye-Peeled Figs 7 A Modified Dip for Fig Preserves 8 Canning Magnolia Figs...: The figs are brought in from the orchards at the hard-ripe stage of maturity. At this degree of ripeness, they are very firm and can be put through the preserving process with little trouble from cooking to pieces. The figs are peeled by being passed...

  16. Fuzzy logic enhanced speed control of an indirect field-oriented induction machine drive

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heber, B.; Xu, L.; Tang, Y. [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Field orientation control (FOC) of induction machines has permitted fast transient response by decoupled torque and flux control. However, field orientation detuning caused by parameter variations is a major difficulty for indirect FOC methods. Traditional probability density function (PID) controllers have trouble meeting a wide range of speed tracking performance even when proper field orientation is achieved. PID controller performance is severely degraded when detuning occurs. This paper presents a fuzzy logic design approach that can meet the speed tracking requirements even when detuning occurs. Computer simulations and experimental results obtained via a general-purpose digital signal processor (DSP) system are presented.

  17. Mounting a thermocouple of type E onto a Cu single crystal for use in a magnetically sensitive environment below 77?K

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Potzuweit, Alexander; Schaffner, Anuschka; Jänsch, Heinz Julius, E-mail: heinz.jaensch@physik.uni-marburg.de [Fachbereich Physik, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Renthof 5, 35032 Marburg (Germany)

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Type E thermocouples show magnetic effects at liquid nitrogen temperature and below. This may cause trouble in experiments that are sensitive to magnetic stray fields like nuclear magnetic resonance, photoemission or high resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy. Here, a solution for the temperature measurement of a single crystal is presented. The authors weld a copper rod onto the back side of the single crystal, thereby relocating the sensitive sample from the thermocouple attachment position. They show that it is possible to measure the crystal temperature at the end of the rod while significantly reducing the ferromagnetic influence due to the increased distance.

  18. A Study of Heuristic Approaches for Runway Scheduling for the Dallas-Fort Worth Airport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stiverson, Paul W.

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    as well as degrading the passenger experience. There are a number of factors that cause delay, chief among these is weather. Some factors, like mechanical troubles, cause a localized delay that doesn?t necessarily affect other aircraft. It is reported...: for i?1?|I|do 7: for j?1?|I|do 8: P ?I 9: P[i]?I[j] 10: P[j]?I[i] 11: if prelimOrderFeasible then 12: objecive?prelimObjectiveCheck 13: if objective < oldObjective then 14: I?P 15: oldObjective?objective 16: improvement?1 17: end if 18: end if 19: end...

  19. A review of "The Civil Wars After 1660: Public Remembering in Late Stuart England" by Matthew Neufield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reese, Ty M.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    about the present and future than the past. Neufield utilizes a narrowly defined analysis of how a small po- litical nation used its changing memory of the Civil Wars to remove itself from the Puritan inclination that caused all of the troubles... the loosening of pre-publication censorship that allowed for this increase in volume while demonstrating the growing distance between the past and the present. All of this leads to the publication of John Walker’s The Suffering of the Clergy in 1714. Here...

  20. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 3 Number 3 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    time deign to offer that, such a disgusting thing, stuffed with worms as is this head. If indeed he orders. saying, Take it into your hand, indeed, he will suffer great trouble. who buys that at a price, Then the amatyas returned to the palace... queen of the warring weapon,', is one of them: she is surrounded by flames, riding on a white-faced mule. upon a saddle made out of the skin of- her own son; she ilji clad in human skins and is eating a human body and drinking blood from a skull...

  1. Pictures on my wall, a lifetime in Kansas, by Florence L. Snow.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snow, Florence Lydia

    1945-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in about a mile. For Isaac W. Dow, a man from Maine, that decided the site of the first lumber and grist mill within a considerable radius. The "Falls" were made by the dam that produced the necessary power, and, along with "Neosho," one of the Seminole... such varied activities during the border troubles. His quota of Indians, Seminóles, Sac and Fox, and Osage, were located three miles below the settlement, with its busy trading-post and log-cabin homes. There was itinerant preaching in the forward...

  2. Franklin Updates and Status

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental Assessments (EA)Budget(DANCE) TargetFormsTrouble Shooting and

  3. Franklin retirement date is set: 04/30/2012

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental Assessments (EA)Budget(DANCE) TargetFormsTrouble Shooting

  4. Franklin, NERSC's Cray XT4 System

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental Assessments (EA)Budget(DANCE) TargetFormsTrouble Shooting Programming

  5. Fred C. Hartman | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental Assessments (EA)Budget(DANCE) TargetFormsTrouble Shooting

  6. Fred Loebl

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental Assessments (EA)Budget(DANCE) TargetFormsTrouble ShootingFred Loebl

  7. Free Floating Atmospheric Pressure Ball Plasmas | Princeton Plasma Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental Assessments (EA)Budget(DANCE) TargetFormsTrouble ShootingFred

  8. Freedom of Information Act

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  9. Freedom of Information and Privacy Act - Hanford Site

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  10. Frequently Asked Questions

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  11. Frequently Asked Questions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  12. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) | The Ames Laboratory

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  13. Frequently Asked Questions About Southwesterns Vegetation Management Strategy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  14. Edison cabinets

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  15. Edison is Back and Faster

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  16. Edison's Desk Blog | GE Global Research

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  17. Edison, NERSC's Cray XC30 System

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  18. Education - Students | Jefferson Lab

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  19. Education Grants

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  20. Education Opportunities

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  1. Education and Strategic Research Collaborations

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  2. Education and Strategic Research Collaborations

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  3. Education | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

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  4. Education | The Ames Laboratory

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  5. Educational Materials | Savannah River Ecology Laboratory Environmental

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  6. Educational Outreach | Nuclear Science | ORNL

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  7. Educational Outreach | ornl.gov

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  8. Educational Programs

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  9. Edward Teller

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  10. Edward Teller Medals

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  11. Edwin M. McMillan, Neptunium, Phase Stability, and the Synchrotron

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  12. Effect of ocean temperature on southwestern U.S. climate analyzed

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContract ManagementDiscoveringESnet UpdateEarthTroubleProgramEdwardEdwin

  13. Radioactive and other environmental threats to the United States and the Arctic resulting from past Soviet activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Earlier this year the Senate Intelligence Committee began to receive reports from environmental and nuclear scientists in Russia detailing the reckless nuclear waste disposal practices, nuclear accidents and the use of nuclear detonations. We found that information disturbing to say the least. Also troubling is the fact that 15 Chernobyl style RBMK nuclear power reactors continue to operate in the former Soviet Union today. These reactors lack a containment structure and they`re designed in such a way that nuclear reaction can actually increase when the reactor overheats. As scientists here at the University of Alaska have documented, polar air masses and prevailing weather patterns provide a pathway for radioactive contaminants from Eastern Europe and Western Russia, where many of these reactors are located. The threats presented by those potential radioactive risks are just a part of a larger Arctic pollution problem. Every day, industrial activities of the former Soviet Union continue to create pollutants. I think we should face up to the reality that in a country struggling for economic survival, environment protection isn`t necessarily the high priority. And that could be very troubling news for the Arctic in the future.

  14. Peru modifies contractors' terms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With both proved hydrocarbon reserves and daily production figures in trouble, Peru has moved to make its participation contracts more attractive to foreign contractors. To reverse this downward trend, Petroperu officials are visiting U.S. companies to explain policy changes designed to make work in Peru more attractive. Peru has instituted a cost recovery concept for contractors that can be implemented with no change in current law. This system ensures the contractor recovery of his investment and grants a profit percentage inversely proportional to production, introducing more rational incentives for private investment without affecting state participation in the long run. Contractors can also work on a service contract in which all production goes to Petroperu in exchange for a predetermined tariff per barrel. A third option to foreign contractors is work on several secondary recovery projects scheduled to be performed.

  15. Evaluation of aftermarket LPG conversion kits in light-duty vehicle applications. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bass, E.A. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (US)] [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (US)

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SwRI was contracted by NREL to evaluate three LPG conversion kits on a Chevrolet Lumina. The objective of the project was to measure the Federal Test Procedure (FTP) emissions and fuel economy of these kits, and compare their performance to gasoline-fueled operation and to each other. Varying LPG fuel blends allowed a preliminary look at the potential for fuel system disturbance. The project required kit installation and adjustment according to manufacturer`s instructions. A limited amount of trouble diagnosis was also performed on the fuel systems. A simultaneous contract from the Texas Railroad Commission, in cooperation with NREL, provided funds for additional testing with market fuels (HD5 propane and industry average gasoline) and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions speciation to determine the ozone-forming potential of LPG HC emissions. This report documents the procurement, installation, and testing of these LPG conversion kits.

  16. On Flue-dust and its Composition as Obtained in Roasting Argentiferous Ores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welin, John Eric

    1904-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the, r o a s t i n g of ores f s necesoar e i t h e r In the smelting industry or f o r the purpose of gathering the gases f o r the manufacture of s u l f u r i c acid,' there i s always more or l e s s trouble derived from the loss of ore..., and of metals and t h e i r compounds that have been v o l a t i l i z e d i n the lower parts of the furnace and not condensed again In i t , but c a r r i e d along with the strong d r a f t Into the f l u e . The v o l a t i l i z e d metals or vapor...

  17. A review of existing gas-cooled reactor circulators with application of the lessons learned to the new production reactor circulators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, L.S.

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of a study of the lessons learned during the design, testing, and operation of gas-cooled reactor coolant circulators. The intent of this study is to identify failure modes and problem areas of the existing circulators so this information can be incorporated into the design of the circulators for the New Production Reactor (NPR)-Modular High-Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor (MHTGR). The information for this study was obtained primarily from open literature and includes data on high-pressure, high-temperature helium test loop circulators as well as the existing gas cooled reactors worldwide. This investigation indicates that trouble free circulator performance can only be expected when the design program includes a comprehensive prototypical test program, with the results of this test program factored into the final circulator design. 43 refs., 7 tabs.

  18. Triad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David, Glen

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hho, for their part, seemed to listen Hi th partioular attention to Hhat he said as woll as to' Pike's anSHers. And as the moments passed Pike found himself getting more and more interested in his Questions and taking more and more trouble over....d aual.'v also tho. t 8?1,."I'ok \\Vas a partj.cularly interesting VulcQ..Yl. The fliscov(;ry U~;.l,t he had 8, hunw:n 'Hif(;) (wld 8..1 so 9 appsrontly 1 a son) mr..::coly added a .Li.nal tOUGh of l.U1iquencss to ?:1 ma.:o. 'Hho 1 aftdI' m.ore thZ?1.n...

  19. Industrial applications of corrosion-resistant tantalum, niobium, and their alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burns, R.H.; Manning, P.E.; Shuker, F.S.

    1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (During the period 1960-1982, tantalum, niobium, and their alloys have become increasingly important in industrial applications where superior corrosion resistance is required. These materials are particularly attractive when selected on the basis of ''life cycle costing''. This takes into account initial cost, levels of product quality, length of trouble-free operation, and any increase in productivity due to reduced downtime and lower maintenance requirements.) The chemical process industry, in particular, has taken advantage of these materials for processing mineral acids at temperatures and concentrations higher than can be withstood by any other materials. Advances in electron-beam melting technology have also made it possible to manufacture larger and cleaner ingots, resulting in the availability to industry of larger sheets, tubes, and plates with improved property reliability.

  20. Probability-Based Software for Grid Optimization: Improved Power System Operations Using Advanced Stochastic Optimization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    GENI Project: Sandia National Laboratories is working with several commercial and university partners to develop software for market management systems (MMSs) that enable greater use of renewable energy sources throughout the grid. MMSs are used to securely and optimally determine which energy resources should be used to service energy demand across the country. Contributions of electricity to the grid from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar are intermittent, introducing complications for MMSs, which have trouble accommodating the multiple sources of price and supply uncertainties associated with bringing these new types of energy into the grid. Sandia’s software will bring a new, probability-based formulation to account for these uncertainties. By factoring in various probability scenarios for electricity production from renewable energy sources in real time, Sandia’s formula can reduce the risk of inefficient electricity transmission, save ratepayers money, conserve power, and support the future use of renewable energy.

  1. Automated nutrient analyses in seawater

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whitledge, T.E.; Malloy, S.C.; Patton, C.J.; Wirick, C.D.

    1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This manual was assembled for use as a guide for analyzing the nutrient content of seawater samples collected in the marine coastal zone of the Northeast United States and the Bering Sea. Some modifications (changes in dilution or sample pump tube sizes) may be necessary to achieve optimum measurements in very pronounced oligotrophic, eutrophic or brackish areas. Information is presented under the following section headings: theory and mechanics of automated analysis; continuous flow system description; operation of autoanalyzer system; cookbook of current nutrient methods; automated analyzer and data analysis software; computer interfacing and hardware modifications; and trouble shooting. The three appendixes are entitled: references and additional reading; manifold components and chemicals; and software listings. (JGB)

  2. Exact Rotating Magnetic Traversable Wormholes satisfying the Energy Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matos, Tonatiuh

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we wonder if there is a way to generate a wormhole (WH) in nature using "normal" matter. In order to give a first answer to this question, we study a massless scalar field coupled to an electromagnetic one (dilatonic field) with an arbitrary coupling constant, as source of gravitation. We obtain an exact solution of the Einstein equations using this source that represents a magnetized rotating WH. This space-time has a naked ring singularity, probably untouchable as in \\cite{Matos:2012gj}, but otherwise regular. The WH throat lies on the disc bounded by the ring singularity, which keeps the throat open without requiring exotic matter, that means, satisfying all the energy conditions. After analyzing the geodesic motion and the tidal forces we find that a test particle can go through the WH without troubles.

  3. On the rarity of x-ray binaries with Wolf-Rayet donors

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Linden, T; Valsecchi, F; Kalogera, V

    2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The paucity of High mass X-Ray binaries (HMXB) consisting of a neutron star (NS) accretor and Wolf-Rayet (WR) donor has long been at odds with expectations from population synthesis studies indicating that these systems should survive as the evolved offspring of the observed HMXB population. This tension is particularly troubling in light of recent observations uncovering a preponderance of HMXBs containing loosely bound Be donors which would be expected to naturally evolve into WR-HMXBs. Reconciling the unexpectedly large population of Be-HMXBs with the lack of observed WR-HMXB sources thus serves to isolate the dynamics of CE physics from other binary evolution parameters. Here, we find that binary mergers during CE events must be common in order to resolve tension between these observed populations. Furthermore, future observations which better constrain the background population of loosely bound O/B-NS binaries are likely to place significant constraints on the efficiency of CE removal.

  4. The first years of the Atomic Energy Commission New York Operations Office Health and Safety Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eisenbud, M. (Duke Univ. Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States))

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Health and Safety Laboratory (HASL) of the Atomic Energy Commission has provided much of the data on exposure assessment in uranium contractor facilities and on fallout radionuclides in the environment. The research performed in the beryllium industry 1947-1949 led to establishment of the protection standards that exist to this day. This laboratory was formed in 1947, as part of the Medical Division of the New York Operations Office, directed by B.S. Wolf, HASL was directed initially by Merril Eisenbud and subsequently by S. Allen Lough and John Harley. The history of the Laboratory is traced from its beginning, and the projects described that led to HASL's reputation as a trouble-shooting arm of the Atomic Energy Commission. 4 refs.

  5. DOE-DARPA High-Performance Corrosion-Resistant Materials (HPCRM), Annual HPCRM Team Meeting & Technical Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farmer, J; Brown, B; Bayles, B; Lemieux, T; Choi, J; Ajdelsztajn, L; Dannenberg, J; Lavernia, E; Schoenung, J; Branagan, D; Blue, C; Peter, B; Beardsley, B; Graeve, O; Aprigliano, L; Yang, N; Perepezko, J; Hildal, K; Kaufman, L; Lewandowski, J; Perepezko, J; Hildal, K; Kaufman, L; Lewandowski, J; Boudreau, J

    2007-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall goal is to develop high-performance corrosion-resistant iron-based amorphous-metal coatings for prolonged trouble-free use in very aggressive environments: seawater & hot geothermal brines. The specific technical objectives are: (1) Synthesize Fe-based amorphous-metal coating with corrosion resistance comparable/superior to Ni-based Alloy C-22; (2) Establish processing parameter windows for applying and controlling coating attributes (porosity, density, bonding); (3) Assess possible cost savings through substitution of Fe-based material for more expensive Ni-based Alloy C-22; (4) Demonstrate practical fabrication processes; (5) Produce quality materials and data with complete traceability for nuclear applications; and (6) Develop, validate and calibrate computational models to enable life prediction and process design.

  6. Study of radiative blast waves generated on the Z-beamlet laser.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edens, Aaron D.; Schwarz, Jens

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the original goals of the project to study the Vishniac Overstability on blast waves produced using the Z-Beamlet laser facility as well as the actual results. The proposed work was to build on earlier work on the facility and result in the best characterized set of data for such phenomena in the laboratory. To accomplish the goals it was necessary to modify the existing probe laser at the facility so that it could take multiple images over the course of 1-2 microseconds. Troubles with modifying the probe laser are detailed as well as the work that went into said modifications. The probe laser modification ended up taking the entire length of the project and were the major accomplishment of the research.

  7. Probability and Quantum Paradigms: the Interplay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kracklauer, A. F. [Bauhaus Universitaet, PF 2040, 99401 Weimar (Germany)

    2007-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the introduction of Born's interpretation of quantum wave functions as yielding the probability density of presence, Quantum Theory and Probability have lived in a troubled symbiosis. Problems arise with this interpretation because quantum probabilities exhibit features alien to usual probabilities, namely non Boolean structure and non positive-definite phase space probability densities. This has inspired research into both elaborate formulations of Probability Theory and alternate interpretations for wave functions. Herein the latter tactic is taken and a suggested variant interpretation of wave functions based on photo detection physics proposed, and some empirical consequences are considered. Although incomplete in a few details, this variant is appealing in its reliance on well tested concepts and technology.

  8. Upton bill offers clean-up incentives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Black, B. [Weinberg & Green, Baltimore, MD (United States)

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Like castor oil, the Superfund law can be difficult medicine to swallow, and no one wants to volunteer for a dose. Indeed, the law`s harsh and unbending liability scheme sometimes hinders the cleanup of contaminated property. Confronted with the choice of redeveloping an old {open_quotes}brownfield{close_quotes} urban industrial site or building at a pristine new {open_quotes}greenfield{close_quotes} location, most companies opt for the latter. The brownfield problem is especially troubling because the law often prevents voluntary cleanups at relatively low priority sites that usually don`t get caught up in the Superfund program. This paper describes the Upton Bill which would require the US EPA to establish cleanup standards for hazrdous substances, allow for public comment on a proposed response plan, and require a voluntary party to submit detailed annual reports and maintain records.

  9. Hanford struggles with transition. [Forum on future of DOE weapons site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, H.; Rubin, D.K.

    1993-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary kicked off a precedent-setting forum on the future of the US Energy Dept's largest and most environmentally troubled weapon plant site by announcing sweeping management changes and a Clinton administration commitment to new projects there. O'Leary announced changes in traditional contractor and management relationships at Hanford. She claimed these have created massive red tape that has already delayed the estimated $57-billion cleanup of hazardous and radioactive waste stored at the site over the last 50 years. The secretary also announced that starting Oct. 1, all Hanford subcontractors will report to Westinghouse Hanford Co., the overall management and operations contractor. She also outlined new safety initiatives for site wastes stored in 177 underground tanks, many of them badly deteriorated.

  10. Premium performance heating oil - Part 2, Field trial results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jetter, S.M.; Hoskin, D.; McClintock, W.R. [Mobil Oil Corp., Paulsboro, NJ (United States)] [and others

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Limited field trial results of a heating oil additive package developed to minimize unscheduled maintenance indicate that it achieves its goal of keeping heating oil systems cleaner. The multifunctional additive package was developed to provide improved fuel oxidation stability, improved corrosion protection, and dispersency. This combination of performance benefits was chosen because we believed it would retard the formation of sludge, as well as allow sludge already present to be carried through the system without fouling the fuel system components (dispersency should keep sludge particles small so they pass through the filtering system). Since many unscheduled maintenance calls are linked to fouling of the fuel filtering system, the overall goal of this technology is to reduce these maintenance calls. Photographic evidence shows that the additive package not only reduces the amount of sludge formed, but even removes existing sludge from filters and pump strainers. This {open_quotes}clean-up{close_quotes} performance is provided trouble free: we found no indication that nozzle/burner performance was impaired by dispersing sludge from filters and pump strainers. Qualitative assessments from specific accounts that used the premium heating oil also show marked reductions in unscheduled maintenance.

  11. Scientific Data Services -- A High-Performance I/O System with Array Semantics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Kesheng; Byna, Surendra; Rotem, Doron; Shoshani, Arie

    2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    As high-performance computing approaches exascale, the existing I/O system design is having trouble keeping pace in both performance and scalability. We propose to address this challenge by adopting database principles and techniques in parallel I/O systems. First, we propose to adopt an array data model because many scientific applications represent their data in arrays. This strategy follows a cardinal principle from database research, which separates the logical view from the physical layout of data. This high-level data model gives the underlying implementation more freedom to optimize the physical layout and to choose the most effective way of accessing the data. For example, knowing that a set of write operations is working on a single multi-dimensional array makes it possible to keep the subarrays in a log structure during the write operations and reassemble them later into another physical layout as resources permit. While maintaining the high-level view, the storage system could compress the user data to reduce the physical storage requirement, collocate data records that are frequently used together, or replicate data to increase availability and fault-tolerance. Additionally, the system could generate secondary data structures such as database indexes and summary statistics. We expect the proposed Scientific Data Services approach to create a “live” storage system that dynamically adjusts to user demands and evolves with the massively parallel storage hardware.

  12. Gilliam County Riparian Buffers; 2003-2004 Annual Reports.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coiner, Josh (Gilliam Soil and Water Conservation District, Condon, OR)

    2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interest appears to be at an all-time high for riparian conservation programs in Gilliam County. With the recently added Herbaceous Buffer and the already established CREP program interest is booming. However, more and more people are turning towards the herbaceous buffer because of expense. The riparian forest buffer is becoming too expensive. Even with the excellent cost share and incentives landowners are having trouble with Farm Service Agency's payment limitation. Because of this payment limitation landowners are not receiving their full rental and incentive payments, usually in year one. This has cooled the installation of riparian forest buffers and peaked interest in the CP-29 (Herbaceous Buffer for Wildlife). Either way, riparian lands are being enhanced and water quality is being improved. Year three should be very similar to the accomplishments of year 2. There has already been several projects proposed that may or may not be approved during year 3. I am currently working on three projects that are all over 2.5 miles long on each side and total anywhere from 60 to 250 acres in size. Along with these three projects there at least seven small projects being proposed. Four of those projects are riparian forest buffers and the remaining are herbaceous buffers.

  13. Development and practical operation of perfluorocarbon immersed 275kV transformers with compressed SF6 gas insulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hiraishi, K.; Uwano, Y.; Shirakura, K.; Gotanda, Y.; Endoo, K. [Hitachi Ltd. (Japan)] [Hitachi Ltd. (Japan); Higaki, M. [Kyushu Kyoritu Univ., Kitakyushu (Japan)] [Kyushu Kyoritu Univ., Kitakyushu (Japan); Horikoshi, M.; Mizuno, K.; Hora, H. [Chubu Electric Power Co., Inc., Nagoya (Japan)] [Chubu Electric Power Co., Inc., Nagoya (Japan)

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A perfluorocarbon (PFC) immersed 275kV transformer with compressed SF6 gas insulation has been under development. This paper clarified the AC partial discharge inception voltage and time characteristics of PFC immersed insulation and also clarified that a prototype 275kV 100MVA three phase transformer could be worked without any trouble during the long-term over voltage test. This prototype proved that it had the AC partial discharge inception strength of higher than 1.5 times of the AC test voltage and the lightning impulse breakdown strength of 1.5 times of the test voltage. A 275kV 250MVA three phase transformer was developed and practically operated at the outdoor substation of Chubu Electric Power Co., Inc. This transformer has been successfully operated until now and the detailed internal inspection of the transformer was carried out after one year and 9 months of the successful practical operation and no significant abnormal condition was recognized.

  14. The Formation and Evolution of Prestellar Cores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philippe André; Shantanu Basu; Shu-ichiro Inutsuka

    2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Improving our understanding of the initial conditions and earliest stages of star formation is crucial to gain insight into the origin of stellar masses, multiple systems, and protoplanetary disks. We review the properties of low-mass dense cores as derived from recent millimeter/submillimeter observations of nearby molecular clouds and discuss them in the context of various contemporary scenarios for cloud core formation and evolution. None of the extreme scenarios can explain all observations. Pure laminar ambipolar diffusion has relatively long growth times for typical ionization levels and has difficulty satisfying core lifetime constraints. Purely hydrodynamic pictures have trouble accounting for the inefficiency of core formation and the detailed velocity structure of individual cores. A possible favorable scenario is a mixed model involving gravitational fragmentation of turbulent molecular clouds close to magnetic criticality. The evolution of the magnetic field and angular momentum in individual cloud cores after the onset of gravitational collapse is also discussed. In particular, we stress the importance of radiation-magnetohydrodynamical processes and resistive MHD effects during the protostellar phase. We also emphasize the role of the formation of the short-lived first (protostellar) core in providing a chance for sub-fragmentation into binary systems and triggering MHD outflows. Future submillimeter facilities such as Herschel and ALMA will soon provide major new observational constraints in this field. On the theoretical side, an important challenge for the future will be to link the formation of molecular clouds and prestellar cores in a coherent picture.

  15. A Critical Review of Classical Bouncing Cosmologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diana Battefeld; Patrick Peter

    2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Given the proliferation of bouncing models in recent years, we gather and critically assess these proposals in a comprehensive review. The Planck data shows an unmistakably red, quasi scale-invariant, purely adiabatic primordial power spectrum and no primary non-Gaussianities. While these observations are consistent with inflationary predictions, bouncing cosmologies aspire to provide an alternative framework to explain them. Such models face many problems, both of the purely theoretical kind, such as the necessity of violating the NEC and instabilities, and at the cosmological application level, as exemplified by the possible presence of shear. We provide a pedagogical introduction to these problems and also assess the fitness of different proposals with respect to the data. For example, many models predict a slightly blue spectrum and must be fine-tuned to generate a red spectral index; as a side effect, large non-Gaussianities often result. We highlight several promising attempts to violate the NEC without introducing dangerous instabilities at the classical and/or quantum level. If primordial gravitational waves are observed, certain bouncing cosmologies, such as the cyclic scenario, are in trouble, while others remain valid. We conclude that, while most bouncing cosmologies are far from providing an alternative to the inflationary paradigm, a handful of interesting proposals have surfaced, which warrant further research. The constraints and lessons learned as laid out in this review might guide future research.

  16. Nuclear waste treatment program. Annual report for FY 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Powell, J.A. (ed.)

    1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) nuclear waste management-related goals are: (1) to ensure that waste management is not an obstacle to the further deployment of light-water reactors (LWR) and the closure of the nuclear fuel cycle and (2) to fulfill its institutional responsibility for providing safe storage and disposal of existing and future nuclear wastes. As part of its approach to achieving these goals, the Office of Terminal Waste Disposal and Remedial Action of DOE established what is now called the Nuclear Waste Treatment Program (NWTP) at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) during the second half of FY 1982. To support DOE's attainment of its goals, the NWTP is to provide (1) documented technology necessary for the design and operation of nuclear waste treatment facilities by commercial enterprises as part of a licensed waste management system and (2) problem-specific treatment approaches, waste form and treatment process adaptations, equipment designs, and trouble-shooting assistance, as required, to treat existing wastes. This annual report describes progress during FY 1985 toward meeting these two objectives. The detailed presentation is organized according to the task structure of the program.

  17. D0 Cryo System ODH and Cryo Alarm System Response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Urbin, J.; Dixon, K.; /Fermilab

    1990-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The D0 Cryo System is monitored by a computerized process control system and an ODH safety system. During steady state operations the cryo system will be unmanned and system experts will depend on communication systems for notification of system problems. The FIRUS system meets the minimum communication requirement and is supplemented with an autodialer which attempts to contact cryo operators by pager or phone. The RD/Safety Department requires the ODH monitor system to be connected to the labwide FIRUS system. which enables the Communications Center to receive alarms and notify the proper experts of the condition. The ODH system will have two alarm points. One for an ODH alarm and one for a system trouble alarm. The autodialer system has replaced a former cryo operations summation alarm point in the FIRUS system. This has freed space on the FIRUS system and has allowed the cryo experts more flexibility in setting up their own communication link. The FIRUS and the autodialer systems receive alarms and access lists of experts to call for notification of problems. Attempts to contact these experts will continue until the alarm or alarms is acknowledged.

  18. On the rarity of x-ray binaries with Wolf-Rayet donors

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Linden, T; Valsecchi, F; Kalogera, V

    2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The paucity of High mass X-Ray binaries (HMXB) consisting of a neutron star (NS) accretor and Wolf-Rayet (WR) donor has long been at odds with expectations from population synthesis studies indicating that these systems should survive as the evolved offspring of the observed HMXB population. This tension is particularly troubling in light of recent observations uncovering a preponderance of HMXBs containing loosely bound Be donors which would be expected to naturally evolve into WR-HMXBs. Reconciling the unexpectedly large population of Be-HMXBs with the lack of observed WR-HMXB sources thus serves to isolate the dynamics of CE physics from other binarymore »evolution parameters. Here, we find that binary mergers during CE events must be common in order to resolve tension between these observed populations. Furthermore, future observations which better constrain the background population of loosely bound O/B-NS binaries are likely to place significant constraints on the efficiency of CE removal.« less

  19. Northwest Region Clean Energy Application Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sjoding, David

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The main objective of the Northwest Clean Energy Application Center (NW CEAC) is to promote and support implementation of clean energy technologies. These technologies include combined heat and power (CHP), district energy, waste heat recovery with a primary focus on waste heat to power, and other related clean energy systems such as stationary fuel cell CHP systems. The northwest states include AK, ID, MT, OR, and WA. The key aim/outcome of the Center is to promote and support implementation of clean energy projects. Implemented projects result in a number of benefits including increased energy efficiency, renewable energy development (when using opportunity fuels), reduced carbon emissions, improved facility economics helping to preserve jobs, and reduced criteria pollutants calculated on an output-based emissions basis. Specific objectives performed by the NW CEAC fall within the following five broad promotion and support categories: 1) Center management and planning including database support; 2) Education and Outreach including plan development, website, target market workshops, and education/outreach materials development 3) Identification and provision of screening assessments & feasibility studies as funded by the facility or occasionally further support of Potential High Impact Projects; 4) Project implementation assistance/trouble shooting; and 5) Development of a supportive clean energy policy and initiative/financing framework.

  20. PERFORMANCE OF THE DIAGNOSTICS FOR NSLS-II LINAC COMMISSIONING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fliller III, R.; Padrazo, D.; Wang, G.M.; Heese, R.; Hseuh H.-C.; Johanson, M.; Kosciuk, B.N.; Pinayev, I.; Rose, J.; Shaftan, T.; Singh, O.

    2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II) is a state of the art 3-GeV third generation light source currently under construction at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The NSLS-II injection system consists of a 200 MeV linac, a 3-GeV booster synchrotron and associated transfer lines. The transfer lines not only provide a means to deliver the beam from one machine to another, they also provide a suite of diagnostics and utilities to measure the properties of the beam to be delivered. In this paper we discuss the suite of diagnostics that will be used to commission the NSLS-II linac and measure the beam properties. The linac to booster transfer line can measure the linac emittance with a three screens measurement or a quadrupole scan. Energy and energy spread are measured in a dispersive section. Total charge and charge uniformity are measured with wall current monitors in the linac and transformers in the transfer line. We show that the performance of the diagnostics in the transfer line will be sufficient to ensure the linac meets its specifications and provides a means of trouble shooting and studying the linac in future operation.

  1. Development of a micro-satellite TSUBAME for X-ray polarimetry of GRBs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurita, Shin; Arimoto, Makoto; Yatsu, Yoichi; Kawai, Nobuyuki; Ohta, Kei; Koga, Masaya; Kim, EuGene; Tawara, Kyosuke; Suzuki, Souta; Miyasato, Kazuyoshi; Nagasu, Takashi; Kawajiri, Shouta; Matsushita, Masanori; Matunaga, Saburo; Moriyama, Nagahisa; Kimura, Shin'ichi

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TSUBAME is a micro-satellite that the students of Tokyo Institute of Technology took the lead to develop for measuring hard X-ray polarization of Gamma-Ray Bursts(GRBs) in order to reveal the nature of the central engine of GRBs. TSUBAME has two instruments: Wide-field Burst Monitor (WBM) and Hard X-ray Compton Polarimeter (HXCP). We aim to start observing with HXCP in 15 seconds by pointing the spacecraft using Control Moment Gyro. In August 2014, we assembled TSUBAME and performed an integration test during ~2 weeks.TSUBAME by communication tests with Cute-1.7+APDII in orbit. On Nov 6 2014, TSUBAME was launched from Russia and it was put into Sun-synchronous orbit at 500 km above the ground. However, serious trouble occurred to the ham radio equipment. Therefore we could not start up the X-ray sensors until Feb 10 2015. In this paper, we report the system of TSUBAME and the progress after the launch.

  2. Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) gridded data products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabine, Christopher [NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory; Hankin, S. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Koyuk, H [Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean, University of Washington; Bakker, D C E [School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK; Pfeil, B [Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen; Uni Research AS, Bergen, Norway; Olsen, A [Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, UNIFOB AS, Bergen, Norway; Metzl, N [Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, LOCEAN/IPSL, Paris, France; Kozyr, Alexander [ORNL; Fassbender, A [School of Oceanography, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; Manke, A [Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; Malczyk, J [Jetz Laboratory, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University; Akl, J [CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia; Alin, S R [Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; Bellerby, R G J [Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Borges, A [University of Liege, Chemical Oceanography Unit, Institut de Physique, Liege, Belgium; Boutin, J [Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, LOCEAN/IPSL, Paris, France; Brown, P J [School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK; Cai, W-J [Department of Marine Sciences, University of Georgia; Chavez, F P [Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, CA; Chen, A [Institute of Marine Geology and Chemistry, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Cosa, C [Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; Feely, R A [Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; Gonzalez-Davila, M [Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria,; Goyet, C [Institut de Modélisation et d'Analyse en Géo-Environnement et Santé, Université de Perpignan; Hardman-Mountford, N [CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research, Wembley, Western Australia, Australia; Heinze, C [Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Hoppema, M [Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany; Hunt, C W [Ocean Process Analysis Lab, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire; Hydes, D [National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, UK; Ishii, M [Japan Meteorological Agency, Meteorological Research Institute, Tsukuba, Japan; Johannessen, T [Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Key, R M [Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey; Kortzinger, A [GEOMAR, Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research, Kiel, Germany; Landschutzer, P [School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK; Lauvset, S K [Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Lefevre, N [Université Pierre et Marie Curie, LOCEAN/IPSL, Paris, France; Lenton, A [Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia; Lourantou, A [Université Pierre et Marie Curie, LOCEAN/IPSL, Paris, France; Merlivat, L [Université Pierre et Marie Curie, LOCEAN/IPSL, Paris, France; Midorikawa, T [Nagasaki Marine Observatory, Nagasaki, Japan; Mintrop, L [MARIANDA, Kiel, Germany; Miyazaki, C [Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido, Japan; Murata, A [Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Yokosuka, Japan; Nakadate, A [Marine Division, Global Environment and Marine Department, Japan Meteorological Agency, Tokyo, Japan; Nakano, Y [Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Yokosuka, Japan; Nakaoka, S [National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), Tsukuba, Japan; Nojiri, Y [National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan; et al.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A well documented, publicly available, global data set for surface ocean carbon dioxide (CO2) parameters has been called for by international groups for nearly two decades. The Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) project was initiated by the international marine carbon science community in 2007 with the aim of providing a comprehensive, publicly available, regularly updated, global data set of marine surface CO2, which had been subject to quality control (QC). SOCAT version 1.5 was made public in September 2011 and holds 6.3 million quality controlled surface CO2 data from the global oceans and coastal seas, spanning four decades (1968 2007). The SOCAT gridded data is the second data product to come from the SOCAT project. Recognizing that some groups may have trouble working with millions of measurements, the SOCAT gridded product was generated to provide a robust regularly spaced fCO2 product with minimal spatial and temporal interpolation which should be easier to work with for many applications. Gridded SOCAT is rich with information that has not been fully explored yet, but also contains biases and limitations that the user needs to recognize and address.

  3. An assessment of the mechanical stability of wells offshore Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lowrey, J.P.; Ottesen, S.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1991 lost time due to stuck pipe related drilling problems accounted for approximately 18% of total drilling time in Mobil Producing Nigeria Ultd.`s (MPN) offshore operations. The primary cause of stuck pipe was identified as mechanical wellbore instability. This paper presents an assessment of the mechanical stability of MPN`s wells offshore Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to: (1) determine the magnitude of the in-situ principal stresses and material properties of the troublesome Intra-Biafra and Qua Iboe shale sequences; (2) quantify the drilling fluid densities required to drill mechanically stable wells through these formations; (3) review and recommend well planning and operational parameters which aid in minimizing wellbore stability-related drilling problems. The well-bore stability assessment was carried out with the aid of a 3-dimensional wellbore stability model using field derived data from the study area to corroborate the results. The collection and analysis of drilling data (borehole geometry and density logs, pore pressure, leak-off tests, local geology and other relevant well records) to determine the magnitude of the in-situ principal stresses, together with compressive strength tests on formation cores are discussed. Minimum safe drilling fluid densities to promote wellbore stability as a function of well geometry and depth are presented for the most troublesome shales drilled in the study area. Implementation of the results reduced wellbore stability related problems and associated trouble time to less than 5% in 1992.

  4. International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative Development of Computational Models for Pyrochemical Electrorefiners of Nuclear Waste Transmutation Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M.F. Simpson; K.-R. Kim

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In support of closing the nuclear fuel cycle using non-aqueous separations technology, this project aims to develop computational models of electrorefiners based on fundamental chemical and physical processes. Spent driver fuel from Experimental Breeder Reactor-II (EBR-II) is currently being electrorefined in the Fuel Conditioning Facility (FCF) at Idaho National Laboratory (INL). And Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) is developing electrorefining technology for future application to spent fuel treatment and management in the Republic of Korea (ROK). Electrorefining is a critical component of pyroprocessing, a non-aqueous chemical process which separates spent fuel into four streams: (1) uranium metal, (2) U/TRU metal, (3) metallic high-level waste containing cladding hulls and noble metal fission products, and (4) ceramic high-level waste containing sodium and active metal fission products. Having rigorous yet flexible electrorefiner models will facilitate process optimization and assist in trouble-shooting as necessary. To attain such models, INL/UI has focused on approaches to develop a computationally-light and portable two-dimensional (2D) model, while KAERI/SNU has investigated approaches to develop a computationally intensive three-dimensional (3D) model for detailed and fine-tuned simulation.

  5. Results from Tight and Loose Coupled Multiphysics in Nuclear Fuels Performance Simulations using BISON

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S. R. Novascone; B. W. Spencer; D. Andrs; R. L. Williamson; J. D. Hales; D. M. Perez

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The behavior of nuclear fuel in the reactor environment is affected by multiple physics, most notably heat conduction and solid mechanics, which can have a strong influence on each other. To provide credible solutions, a fuel performance simulation code must have the ability to obtain solutions for each of the physics, including coupling between them. Solution strategies for solving systems of coupled equations can be categorized as loosely-coupled, where the individual physics are solved separately, keeping the solutions for the other physics fixed at each iteration, or tightly coupled, where the nonlinear solver simultaneously drives down the residual for each physics, taking into account the coupling between the physics in each nonlinear iteration. In this paper, we compare the performance of loosely and tightly coupled solution algorithms for thermomechanical problems involving coupled thermal and mechanical contact, which is a primary source of interdependence between thermal and mechanical solutions in fuel performance models. The results indicate that loosely-coupled simulations require significantly more nonlinear iterations, and may lead to convergence trouble when the thermal conductivity of the gap is too small. We also apply the tightly coupled solution strategy to a nuclear fuel simulation of an experiment in a test reactor. Studying the results from these simulations indicates that perhaps convergence for either approach may be problem dependent, i.e., there may be problems for which a loose coupled approach converges, where tightly coupled won’t converge and vice versa.

  6. Questions and Answers Regarding Actions to Take When Ending Shelter-in-Place

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shumpert, B.

    2003-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Shelter-in-place has found increasing acceptance as an effective protective action option for communities participating in the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program. Studies have confirmed that it can provide optimum protection under certain accident conditions. However, emergency managers and planners, as well as the public, continue to be troubled by the need to end sheltering when the plume has passed in order to avoid sustained exposure to the small amount of agent that has penetrated the shelter. One of the concerns posed by this necessity is uncertainty regarding what hazards will then be faced in the environment outside the shelter and what actions can be taken to avoid those hazards. This report attempts to address those uncertainties. It recognizes that there is an extremely low probability that the environment outside the shelter will be contaminated with chemical agent residue. However, as people comply with an official recommendation to leave their shelters, they probably can't be certain that the environment is free from contamination. Therefore, this report identifies and explains specific and simple actions they can take to avoid the possibility of exposure to chemical agent hazards outside their shelters. It addresses such issues as the actions people should take upon ending shelter-in-place, what clothing they should wear, how they should handle animals, and what they should do about food in their homes and produce in their gardens.

  7. Low mass dark matter and invisible Higgs width in darkon models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cai Yi; Ren Bo [INPAC, Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai (China); He Xiaogang [INPAC, Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai (China); Department of Physics and Center for Theoretical Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Standard Model (SM) plus a real gauge-singlet scalar field dubbed darkon (SM+D) is the simplest model possessing a weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) dark matter candidate. In this model, the parameters are constrained from dark matter relic density and direct searches. The fact that interaction between darkon and SM particles is only mediated by a Higgs boson exchange may lead to significant modifications to the Higgs boson properties. If the dark matter mass is smaller than half of the Higgs boson mass, then a Higgs boson can decay into a pair of darkons resulting in a large invisible branching ratio. The Higgs boson will be searched for at the LHC and may well be discovered in the near future. If a Higgs boson with a small invisible decay width will be found, the SM+D model with small dark matter mass will be in trouble. We find that by extending the SM+D to a two Higgs doublet model plus a darkon (THDM+D) it is possible to have a Higgs boson with a small invisible branching ratio and at the same time the dark matter can have a low mass. We also comment on other implications of this model.

  8. The changing face of Hanford security 1990--1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thielman, J.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The meltdown of the Cold War was a shock to the systems built to cope with it. At the DOE`s Hanford Site in Washington State, a world-class safeguards and security system was suddenly out of step with the times. The level of protection for nuclear and classified materials was exceptional. But the cost was high and the defense facilities that funded security were closing down. The defense mission had created an umbrella of security over the sprawling Hanford Site. Helicopters designed to ferry special response teams to any trouble spot on the 1,456 square-kilometer site made the umbrella analogy almost literally true. Facilities were grouped into areas, fenced off like a military base, and entrance required a badge check for everyone. Within the fence, additional rings of protection were set up around security interests or targets. The security was effective, but costly to operate and inconvenient for employees and visitors alike. Moreover, the umbrella meant that virtually all employees needed a security clearance just to get to work, whether they worked on classified or unclassified projects. Clearly, some fundamental rethinking of safeguards and security was needed. The effort to meet that challenge is the story of transition at Hanford and documented here.

  9. The nominal cooling tower

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burger, R. [Burger Associates, Dallas, TX (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The heat Rejection Industry defines a nominal cooling tower as circulating three gallons of water per minute (GPM) per ton of refrigeration from entering the tower at 95{degrees}F. Hot Water temperature (HWT) Leaving at 85{degrees}F Cold Water Temperature (CWT) at a Design Wet Bulb of 70{degrees}F (WBT). Manufacturers then provide a selection chart based on various wet bulb temperatures and HWTs. The wet bulb fluctuates and varies through out the world since it is the combination ambient temperature, relative humidity, and/or dew point. Different HWT and CWT requirements are usually charted as they change, so that the user can select the nominal cooling tower model recommended by the manufacturer. Ask any HVAC operator, refinery manager, power generating station operator what happens when the Wet Bulb reaches or exceeds the design WBT of the area. He probably will tell you, {open_quotes}My cooling tower works quite well, but in the summer time, I usually have trouble with it.{close_quotes} This occurs because he is operating a nominal cooling tower.

  10. A report on IPv6 deployment activities and issues at Sandia National Laboratories:FY2007.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tolendino, Lawrence F.; Eldridge, John M.; Hu, Tan Chang; Maestas, Joseph H.

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) has been a mainstay of the both the Internet and corporate networks for delivering network packets to the desired destination. However, rapid proliferation of network appliances, evolution of corporate networks, and the expanding Internet has begun to stress the limitations of the protocol. Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is the replacement protocol that overcomes the constraints of IPv4. As the emerging Internet network protocol, SNL needs to prepare for its eventual deployment in international, national, customer, and local networks. Additionally, the United States Office of Management and Budget has mandated that IPv6 deployment in government network backbones occurs by 2008. This paper explores the readiness of the Sandia National Laboratories network backbone to support IPv6, the issues that must be addressed before a deployment begins, and recommends the next steps to take to comply with government mandates. The paper describes a joint work effort of the Sandia National Laboratories ASC WAN project team and members of the System Analysis & Trouble Resolution, the Communication & Network Systems, and Network System Design & Implementation Departments.

  11. Lethal tide: The worldwide threat from cheap conventional arms. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, C.D.

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The twentieth century has seen as unprecedented explosion in the manufacture and use of armaments. This has been accompanied by steady increases in the number, length and lethality of conflicts. Both trends have been accelerating since the end of World War II, especially with regard to the so-called Third World. The focus of most arms control efforts has been on nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, with some secondary concern in the last two decades over sophisticated major conventional armaments. Virtually unnoticed have been the massive quantities of simple, inexpensive arms produced all over the globe and traded in channels overt, covert, and illegal. These items remain useful for many years. Equipment such as mortars and rifles find application in war after war, while ammunition keeps its explosive nature until it detonates. So the world, especially the Third World, has an ever growing sea of cheap arms, the old stuff still dangerous, more added every day. Review of selected conflicts, including Cambodia and Afghanistan, illustrates the depth of the trouble we are in and suggests some possible future directions in order to avoid drowning in this lethal sea.

  12. A role for arms control and technology in peace-keeping operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Indusi, J.; Allentuck, J.

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a potential role for arms control monitoring technology in peace-keeping operations. The basic idea is to utilize monitoring technology developed or suggested for treaty verification (primarily Conventional Forces Europe (CFE), but other treaties as well) to minimize the exposure of humans as part of ``peace-keeping`` forces in various trouble spots throughout the world. The impetus comes from the dangers and high costs of stationing peace-keeping of forces in areas such as Bosnia-Herzegovina. Aside from the costs associated with such efforts the loss of life has escalated recently from 743 peace keepers lost from 1948 to 1988, to 180 lives lost in 1993 alone. Some potential advantages to using technology for certain monitoring roles are discussed in the paper and include: minimizing exposure/risk to peace-keeping personnel from hostile fire, hostage taking, etc.; sharable technology will allow all parties to view results, assess violations or transgressions, etc.; can be applied to equipment, railways, roads, etc., to confirm human and other monitoring capabilities; and provides data to settle disputes on which side initiated hostilities.

  13. Study of the treatability of wastewater from a coal-gasification plant. Final report, July 15, 1978-July 14, 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iglar, A. F.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study focused on the coal gasification facility serving the Holston Army Ammunition Plant in Kingsport, Tennessee. Objectives were to characterize the wastewater produced by the gasification facility, and to evaluate technology for treating the waste in preparation for dischage to the environment. Most wastewater was recycled for scrubbing and cooling the product gas, with the excess requiring disposal found to be an average of only 1170 gallons per day (53 gallons per ton of coal, as received, and 366 gallons per million cubic feet of product gas). Analysis indicated that the waste was warm, high in alkaline material, especially ammonia, high in organic material, especially phenols, and also contaminated with other substances. Sulfides and thiocyanates were especially high in concentration. It was found that pretreatment could be accomplished by stripping (air injection) at high pH, removal of grease and oil (by pH suppression and light aeration) and neutralizatin. Equations were developed to describe the first two steps. Biological treatment through activated sludge was found to be successful, but effected only a moderate degree of treatment, and was troubled with frequent process upset. Attempts to improve treatment efficiency and stability are described. The data indicated the need to study aerated waste stabilization ponds as an alternative to activated sludge. Biological reaction kinetics were studied for activated sludge. Evaluation of the application of granular activated carbon suggested that this could be an effective practical tertiary treatment.

  14. Biofuels Fuels Technology Pathway Options for Advanced Drop-in Biofuels Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin L Kenney

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced drop-in hydrocarbon biofuels require biofuel alternatives for refinery products other than gasoline. Candidate biofuels must have performance characteristics equivalent to conventional petroleum-based fuels. The technology pathways for biofuel alternatives also must be plausible, sustainable (e.g., positive energy balance, environmentally benign, etc.), and demonstrate a reasonable pathway to economic viability and end-user affordability. Viable biofuels technology pathways must address feedstock production and environmental issues through to the fuel or chemical end products. Potential end products include compatible replacement fuel products (e.g., gasoline, diesel, and JP8 and JP5 jet fuel) and other petroleum products or chemicals typically produced from a barrel of crude. Considering the complexity and technology diversity of a complete biofuels supply chain, no single entity or technology provider is capable of addressing in depth all aspects of any given pathway; however, all the necessary expert entities exist. As such, we propose the assembly of a team capable of conducting an in-depth technology pathway options analysis (including sustainability indicators and complete LCA) to identify and define the domestic biofuel pathways for a Green Fleet. This team is not only capable of conducting in-depth analyses on technology pathways, but collectively they are able to trouble shoot and/or engineer solutions that would give industrial technology providers the highest potential for success. Such a team would provide the greatest possible down-side protection for high-risk advanced drop-in biofuels procurement(s).

  15. The nucleon-nucleon potential in the chromodielectric soliton model: Statics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koepf, W.; Wilets, L. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)); Pepin, S.; Stancu, F. (Universite de Liege, Institut de Physique B.5, Sart Tilman, B-4000 Liege 1 (Belgium))

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the nucleon-nucleon interaction in the framework of the chromodielectric soliton model (CDM). Here, the long-range parts of the non-Abelian gluon self-interactions are assumed to give rise to a color-dielectric function which is parametrized in terms of an effective scalar background field. The six-quark system is confined in a deformed mean field through an effective nonlinear interaction between the quarks and the scalar field. The CDM is covariant, respects chiral invariance, leads to absolute color confinement, and is free of the spurious long-range van der Waals forces which trouble nonrelativistic investigations employing a confining potential. Six-quark molecular-type configurations are generated as a function of deformation and their energies are evaluated in a coupled channel analysis. By using molecular states instead of cluster model wave functions, all important six-quark configurations are properly taken into account. The corresponding Hamiltonian includes the effective interaction between the quarks and the scalar background field and quark-quark interactions generated through one gluon exchange treated in Coulomb gauge. When evaluating the gluonic propagators, the inhomogeneity and deformation of the dielectric medium are taken into account. Results for the adiabatic nucleon-nucleon potential are presented, and the various contributions are discussed. Finally, an outlook is given on how, in the next stage of our investigation, dynamical effects will be incorporated by employing the generator coordinate method.

  16. Isolating signatures of major cloud-cloud collisions using position-velocity diagrams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haworth, T J; Fukui, Y; Torii, K; Dale, J E; Shima, K; Takahira, K; Habe, A; Hasegawa, K

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Collisions between giant molecular clouds are a potential mechanism for triggering the formation of massive stars, or even super star clusters. The trouble is identifying this process observationally and distinguishing it from other mechanisms. We produce synthetic position-velocity diagrams from models of: cloud-cloud collisions, non-interacting clouds along the line of sight, clouds with internal radiative feedback and a more complex cloud evolving in a galactic disc, to try and identify unique signatures of collision. We find that a broad bridge feature connecting two intensity peaks, spatially correlated but separated in velocity, is a signature of a high velocity cloud-cloud collision. We show that the broad bridge feature is resilient to the effects of radiative feedback, at least to around 2.5Myr after the formation of the first massive (ionising) star. However for a head on 10km/s collision we find that this will only be observable from 20-30 per cent of viewing angles. Such broad-bridge features have...

  17. A primer on incentive regulation for electric utilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, L.J.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In contemplating a regulatory approach, the challenge for regulators is to develop a model that provides incentives for utilities to engage in socially desirable behavior. In this primer, we provide guidance on this process by discussing (1) various models of economic regulation, (2) problems implementing these models, and (3) the types of incentives that various models of regulation provide electric utilities. We address five regulatory models in depth. They include cost-of-service regulation in which prudently incurred costs are reflected dollar-for-dollar in rates and four performance-based models: (1) price-cap regulation, in which ceilings are placed on the average price that a utility can charge its customers; (2) revenue-cap regulation, in which a ceiling is placed on revenues; (3) rate-of-return bandwidth regulation, in which a utility`s rates are adjusted if earnings fall outside a {open_quotes}band{close_quotes} around equity returns; and (4) targeted incentives, in which a utility is given incentives to improve specific components of its operations. The primary difference between cost-of-service and performance-based approaches is the latter sever the tie between costs and prices. A sixth, {open_quotes}mixed approach{close_quotes} combines two or more of the five basic ones. In the recent past, a common mixed approach has been to combine targeted incentives with cost-of-service regulation. A common example is utilities that are subject to cost-of-service regulation are given added incentives to increase the efficiency of troubled electric-generating units.

  18. Application of optical lens of a CD writer for detecting the blood glucose semi-invasively

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meshram, N. D., E-mail: meshramnileshsd@gmail.com [Mathuradas Mohota College of Sciences, Nagpur-440009 (India); Dahikar, P. B., E-mail: pbdahikar@rediffmail.com [Kamla Nehru Mahavidyalaya, Sakkardara Square, Nagpur-440009 (India)

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent technological advancements in the photonics industry have led to a resurgence of interest in optical glucose sensing and to realistic progress toward the development of an optical glucose sensor. Such a sensor has the potential to significantly improve the quality of life for the estimated 16 million diabetics in this country by making routine glucose measurements more convenient. Currently over 100 small companies and universities are working to develop noninvasive or minimally invasive glucose sensing technologies, and optical methods play a large role in these efforts. It has become overwhelmingly clear that frequent monitoring and tight control of blood sugar levels are requisite for effective management of Diabetes mellitus and reduction of the complications associated with this disease. The pain and trouble associated with current “finger-stick” methods for blood glucose monitoring result in decreased patient compliance and a failure to control blood sugar levels. Thus, the development of a convenient noninvasive blood glucose monitor holds the potential to significantly reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with Diabetes. A method and apparatus for noninvasive measurement of blood glucose concentration based on transilluminated laser beam via the Index Finger has been reported in this paper. This method depends on photodiode based laser operating at 632.8 nm wavelength. During measurement, the index finger is inserted into the glucose sensing unit, the transilluminated optical signal is converted into an electrical signal, compared with the reference electrical signal, and the obtained difference signal is processed by signal processing unit which presents the results in the form of blood glucose concentration. This method would enable the monitoring blood glucose level of the diabetic patient continuously, safely and noninvasively.

  19. QER- Comment of Katherine Keenum 1

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As a resident of the town of Richmond, Massachusetts, through which a natural gas pipeline already runs, I am troubled that Kinder Morgan plans to build an additional pipeline through our town to carry fracked gas from Pennsylvania to Dracut, Massachusetts, where it will be used for electrical generation and quite possibly exported. My objections are twofold: (1) On a local level, I object to running a line that has siting problems (e.g., wetlands and ledge), would endanger the town in the event of a rupture, and might require noisy compressors all for no benefit to the area or even the Commonwealth. (2) On a national level, I object to investing further in fossil fuels and new infrastructure to carry them to market. Fracking is a particularly noxious technology, dangerous to regions in which it occurs. The United States needs immediately to begin to reduce our use of fossil fuels by as much as 80% if we are to avoid an irreversible rise of CO2 in the atmosphere to levels that will raise the average global temperature by more than 2ºC. Coal, oil, and natural gas must be phased out, not promoted. The future is with wind and solar power, the immense savings available through increased efficiency in use, and new clean technologies. I hope the Department of Energy will focus its policies on sustainable energy sources and use. Most certainly, it should protect citizens and ratepayers from policies that direct monies from taxes or tariffs toward infrastructure to further fossil fuel industries. Thank you, Katherine Keenum

  20. Assembly and comparison of available solar hot water system reliability databases and information.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menicucci, David F. (Building Specialists, Inc., Albuquerque, NM)

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solar hot water (SHW) systems have been installed commercially for over 30 years, yet few quantitative details are known about their reliability. This report describes a comprehensive analysis of all of the known major previous research and data regarding the reliability of SHW systems and components. Some important conclusions emerged. First, based on a detailed inspection of ten-year-old systems in Florida, about half of active systems can be expected to fail within a ten-year period. Second, valves were identified as the probable cause of a majority of active SHW failures. Third, passive integral and thermosiphon SHW systems have much lower failure rates than active ones, probably due to their simple design that employs few mechanical parts. Fourth, it is probable that the existing data about reliability do not reveal the full extent of fielded system failures because most of the data were based on trouble calls. Often an SHW system owner is not aware of a failure because the backup system silently continues to produce hot water. Thus, a repair event may not be generated in a timely manner, if at all. This final report for the project provides all of the pertinent details about this study, including the source of the data, the techniques to assure their quality before analysis, the organization of the data into perhaps the most comprehensive reliability database in existence, a detailed statistical analysis, and a list of recommendations for additional critical work. Important recommendations include the inclusion of an alarm on SHW systems to identify a failed system, the need for a scientifically designed study to collect high-quality reliability data that will lead to design improvements and lower costs, and accelerated testing of components that are identified as highly problematic.

  1. Reliability Estimates for Power Supplies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee C. Cadwallader; Peter I. Petersen

    2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Failure rates for large power supplies at a fusion facility are critical knowledge needed to estimate availability of the facility or to set priorties for repairs and spare components. A study of the "failure to operate on demand" and "failure to continue to operate" failure rates has been performed for the large power supplies at DIII-D, which provide power to the magnet coils, the neutral beam injectors, the electron cyclotron heating systems, and the fast wave systems. When one of the power supplies fails to operate, the research program has to be either temporarily changed or halted. If one of the power supplies for the toroidal or ohmic heating coils fails, the operations have to be suspended or the research is continued at de-rated parameters until a repair is completed. If one of the power supplies used in the auxiliary plasma heating systems fails the research is often temporarily changed until a repair is completed. The power supplies are operated remotely and repairs are only performed when the power supplies are off line, so that failure of a power supply does not cause any risk to personnel. The DIII-D Trouble Report database was used to determine the number of power supply faults (over 1,700 reports), and tokamak annual operations data supplied the number of shots, operating times, and power supply usage for the DIII-D operating campaigns between mid-1987 and 2004. Where possible, these power supply failure rates from DIII-D will be compared to similar work that has been performed for the Joint European Torus equipment. These independent data sets support validation of the fusion-specific failure rate values.

  2. The 1992 conference on Latin America's Energy Industry: New opportunities for growth through international investment and trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Liberal economic and political reforms in Latin America, a declining oil market in the US, and world events such as last year's Persian Gulf Crisis are making foreign investment in Latin America's energy sector increasingly attractive. The Persian Gulf crisis indicated the US must diversify oil sources; increased competition and deregulation in electric power generation and gas production are providing more opportunities for independent power producers at home and abroad; and Latin America's need for foreign financial and technical assistance are providing an important pull'' factor. Electricity needs in the developing world wig be huge in the years to come. In Latin America and the Caribbean, 66,500 mg of new capacity will be required by 1999. The developing world will require US $100 billion in energy investment a year. But Latin American countries will have trouble obtaining funds. The region will need to rely heavily on private international sources to finance future energy requirements. Multilateral development bank participation win remain critical, however, serving as a catalyst for government reform and private investment in the sector. In particular, World Bank lending will be focused on countries with a clear commitment to pricing reform, regulatory reform, competitive markets, non-market barriers, and technology transfer. Opportunities for foreign participation in the Latin American oil sector are particularly large in Ecuador, Peru, Argentina, and Venezuela. Mexico's plans for reform in the oil sector, a delicate issue in that country, appear to be less defined and likely to occur farther into the future. The conference made clear that a regulatory entity is needed even when the sector is owned by the government. Regulatory processes must be fair and transparent in order to ensure adequate financial and technical performance.

  3. The 1992 conference on Latin America`s Energy Industry: New opportunities for growth through international investment and trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Liberal economic and political reforms in Latin America, a declining oil market in the US, and world events such as last year`s Persian Gulf Crisis are making foreign investment in Latin America`s energy sector increasingly attractive. The Persian Gulf crisis indicated the US must diversify oil sources; increased competition and deregulation in electric power generation and gas production are providing more opportunities for independent power producers at home and abroad; and Latin America`s need for foreign financial and technical assistance are providing an important ``pull`` factor. Electricity needs in the developing world wig be huge in the years to come. In Latin America and the Caribbean, 66,500 mg of new capacity will be required by 1999. The developing world will require US $100 billion in energy investment a year. But Latin American countries will have trouble obtaining funds. The region will need to rely heavily on private international sources to finance future energy requirements. Multilateral development bank participation win remain critical, however, serving as a catalyst for government reform and private investment in the sector. In particular, World Bank lending will be focused on countries with a clear commitment to pricing reform, regulatory reform, competitive markets, non-market barriers, and technology transfer. Opportunities for foreign participation in the Latin American oil sector are particularly large in Ecuador, Peru, Argentina, and Venezuela. Mexico`s plans for reform in the oil sector, a delicate issue in that country, appear to be less defined and likely to occur farther into the future. The conference made clear that a regulatory entity is needed even when the sector is owned by the government. Regulatory processes must be fair and transparent in order to ensure adequate financial and technical performance.

  4. Study of verification, validation, and testing in the automated data processing system at the Department of Veterans Affairs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrews, A. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA). Energy Systems Div.); Formento, J.W.; Hill, L.G.; Riemer, C.A. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA). Environmental Assessment and Information Sciences Div.)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) studied the role of verification, validation, and testing (VV T) in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) automated data processing (ADP) system development life cycle (SDLC). In this study, ANL reviewed and compared standard VV T practices in the private and government sectors with those in the VA. The methodology included extensive interviews with, and surveys of, users, analysts, and staff in the Systems Development Division (SDD) and Systems Verification and Testing Division (SV TD) of the VA, as well as representatives of private and government organizations, and a review of ADP standards. The study revealed that VA's approach to VV T already incorporates some industry practices -- in particular, the use of an independent organization that relies on the acceptability of test results to validate a software system. Argonne recommends that the role of SV TD be limited to validation and acceptance testing (defined as formal testing conducted independently to determine whether a software system satisfies its acceptance criteria). It also recommends that the role of the SDD be expanded to include verification testing (defined as formal testing or revaluation conducted by the developer to determine whether a software development satisfies design criteria). Integrated systems testing should be performed by Operations in a production-like environment under stressful situations to assess how trouble-free and acceptable the software is to the end user. A separate, independent, quality assurance group should be responsible for ADP auditing and for helping to establish policies for managing software configurations and should report directly to the VA central office. Finally, and of no less importance, an in-house training program and procedures manual should be instituted for the entire SDLC for all involved staff; it should incorporate or reference ADP standards.

  5. Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Fuels and Chemicals Using Ionic Liquids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Wei; Zheng, Richard; Brown, Heather; Li, Joanne; Holladay, John; Cooper, Alan; Rao, Tony; ,

    2012-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    This project provides critical innovations and fundamental understandings that enable development of an economically-viable process for catalytic conversion of biomass (sugar) to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF). A low-cost ionic liquid (Cyphos 106) is discovered for fast conversion of fructose into HMF under moderate reaction conditions without any catalyst. HMF yield from fructose is almost 100% on the carbon molar basis. Adsorbent materials and adsorption process are invented and demonstrated for separation of 99% pure HMF product and recovery of the ionic liquid from the reaction mixtures. The adsorbent material appears very stable in repeated adsorption/regeneration cycles. Novel membrane-coated adsorbent particles are made and demonstrated to achieve excellent adsorption separation performances at low pressure drops. This is very important for a practical adsorption process because ionic liquids are known of high viscosity. Nearly 100% conversion (or dissolution) of cellulose in the catalytic ionic liquid into small molecules was observed. It is promising to produce HMF, sugars and other fermentable species directly from cellulose feedstock. However, several gaps were identified and could not be resolved in this project. Reaction and separation tests at larger scales are needed to minimize impacts of incidental errors on the mass balance and to show 99.9% ionic liquid recovery. The cellulose reaction tests were troubled with poor reproducibility. Further studies on cellulose conversion in ionic liquids under better controlled conditions are necessary to delineate reaction products, dissolution kinetics, effects of mass and heat transfer in the reactor on conversion, and separation of final reaction mixtures.

  6. Development of diesel particulate filter made of porous metal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matsunuma, Kenji; Ihara, Tomohiko; Hanamoto, Yuichi; Nakajima, Shiro; Okamoto, Satoru

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pollution is worsening in cities. The exhaust gas from vehicles is the main cause of air pollution in cities. The major drawback of the diesel engine is the Particulate Matter (PM) contained in the exhaust fumes which is also said to lead to cancer. For about 20 years many tests have been conducted in order to reduce PM in diesel exhaust gas. However the exhaust gas in present diesel engines contains a significant amount of PM. This is because there is no practical material for the Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF). Conventional ceramic materials have problems such as cracking and melting during regeneration and conventional metal materials lack adequate corrosion resistance for practical use. The authors present a new type of DPF made of metal porous matter (Celmet) which is designed with a thermal construction and simple control system in order to solve the problem of diesel exhaust gas. As metal porous matter has low pressure loss per unit filter area during filtering, two-cylinder filters have similar trapping performance to the honeycomb type filter such as pressure loss and trapping efficiency, In this paper, 2,800--3,400cc diesel engines were used. Then a cycle of collection and regeneration with an electric heater and 12V battery was performed under several conditions on the engine bench and trapping efficiency and pressure loss were measured. It was confirmed that this new type DPF has good practical use in automobiles. Tests on forklifts were also performed. In a simple control system, this DPF can be applied to practical use. It is trouble-free for 6 months. The total performance of DPF for vehicles such as forklifts and heavy duty vehicles and the possibilities for other practical uses was mainly discussed.

  7. AGS tune jump system to cross horizontal depolarization resonances overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glenn, J.W.; Ahrens, L.; Fu, W.; Mi, J.L.; Rosas, P.; Schoefer, V.; Theisen, C.; Altinbas, Z.

    2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Two partial snakes overcome the vertical depolarizing resonances in the AGS. But a new type of depolarizing intrinsic resonance from horizontal motion appeared. We reduce these using horizontal tune jumps timed to these resonances. We gain a factor of six in crossing rate with a tune jump of 0.05 in 100 {micro}s. Two quadrapoles, we described in 2009, pulse 42 times, the current matching beam energy. The power supplies for these quads are described in detail elsewhere in this conference. The controls for the Jump Quad system is based on a BNL designed Quad Function Generator. Two modules are used; one for timing, and one to supply reference voltages. Synchronization is provided by a proprietary serial bus, the Event Link. The AgsTuneJump application predicts the times of the resonances during the AGS cycle and calculates the power supply trigger times from externally collected tune and energy versus time data and the Low and High PS voltage functions from a voltage to current model of the power supply. The system was commissioned during runs 09 & 10 and is operational. Many beam effects are described elsewhere. The TuneJump system has worked well and has caused little trouble save for the perturbations in the lattice having such a large effect due to our need to run with the vertical tune within a few thousandths of the integer tune. As these problems were mostly sorted out by correcting the 6th harmonic orbit distortions which caused a large 18 theta beta wave. Also running with minimal chromaticity reduces emittance growth. There are still small beta waves which are being addressed. The timing of the pulses is still being investigated, but as each crossing causes minimal polarization loss, this is a lengthy process.

  8. SAFETY AT FLUOR HANFORD (A) CASE STUDY - PREPARED BY THUNDERBIRD SCHOOL OF GLOBAL MANAGEMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ARNOLD LD

    2009-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    By November of 1997, Fluor Hanford (Fluor) had been the site manager of the Hanford nuclear reservation for a year. The Hanford site had been established as part of the Manhattan Project in the 1940s that gave birth to the atomic bomb. Hanford produced two thirds of U.S. plutonium during the Cold War period. The Hanford site was half the size of Rhode Island and occupied 586 square miles in southeastern Washington State. The production of plutonium for more than 40 years left a huge legacy of chemical and radiological contamination: 80 square miles of contaminated groundwater; 2,300 tons of spent nuclear fuel stored in underwater basins; 20 tons of plutonium-laced contaminated materials; and 500 contaminated facilities. The cleanup involved a challenging combination of radioactive material handling within an infrastructure constructed in the 1940s and 1950s. The cleanup that began in 1988 was expected to take 30 years or more. Improving safety at Hanford had already proven to be a significant challenge. As the new site manager at Hanford, Fluor Hanford inherited lower- and mid-level managers and thousands of unionized employees, many of whom were second or third generation Hanford employees. These employees had seen many contractors come and go over the years. Some of the managers who had worked with the previous contractor saw Fluor's emphasis on safety as getting in the way of operations. Union-management relations were fractious. Hanford's culture was described as 'production driven-management told everyone what to do, and, if you didn't do it, there were consequences'. Worker involvement in designing and implementing safety programs was negligible. Fluor Hanford also was having trouble satisfying its client, the Department of Energy (DOE). The DOE did not see a clear path forward for performance improvements at Hanford. Clearly, major change was necessary, but how and where should it be implemented?

  9. Wavefunction Collapse via a Nonlocal Relativistic Variational Principle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrison, Alan K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the origin of quantum theory in the 1920's, some of its practitioners (and founders) have been troubled by some of its features, including indeterminacy, nonlocality and entanglement. The 'collapse' process described in the Copenhagen Interpretation is suspect for several reasons, and the act of 'measurement,' which is supposed to delimit its regime of validity, has never been unambiguously defined. In recent decades, nonlocality and entanglement have been studied energetically, both theoretically and experimentally, and the theory has been reinterpreted in imaginative ways, but many mysteries remain. We propose that it is necessary to replace the theory by one that is explicitly nonlinear and nonlocal, and does not distinguish between measurement and non-measurement regimes. We have constructed such a theory, for which the phase of the wavefunction plays the role of a hidden variable via the process of zitterbewegung. To capture this effect, the theory must be relativistic, even when describing nonrelativistic phenomena. It is formulated as a variational principle, in which Nature attempts to minimize the sum of two spacetime integrals. The first integral tends to drive the solution toward a solution of the standard quantum mechanical wave equation, and also enforces the Born rule of outcome probabilities. The second integral drives the collapse process. We demonstrate that the new theory correctly predicts the possible outcomes of the electron two-slit experiment, including the infamous 'delayed-choice' variant. We observe that it appears to resolve some long-standing mysteries, but introduces new ones, including possible retrocausality (a cause later than its effect). It is not clear whether the new theory is deterministic.

  10. Lateral drilling and completion technologies for shallow-shelf carbonates of the Red River and Ratcliffe Formations, Williston Basin. Topical report, July 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carrell, L.A.; George, R.D.; Gibbons, D.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Luff Exploration Company (LEC) focused on involvement in technologies being developed utilizing horizontal drilling concepts to enhance oil-well productivity starting in 1992. Initial efforts were directed toward high-pressure lateral jetting techniques to be applied in existing vertical wells. After involvement in several failed field attempts with jetting technologies, emphasis shifted to application of emerging technologies for drilling short-radius lateral in existing wellbores and medium-radius technologies in new wells. These lateral drilling technologies were applied in the Mississippi Ratcliffe and Ordovician Red River formations at depths of 2,590 to 2,890 m in Richland County, MT; Bowman County, ND; and Harding County, SD. In theory, all of the horizontal drilling techniques explored in this project have merit for application fitting specific criteria. From a realistic point of view, the only relatively trouble-free, adequately-proven technology employed was the medium-radius steered motor/MWD technology. The slim-tool steered motor/MWD re-entry technology has been used extensively but appears to still be significantly in developmental stages. This technology will probably always be more troublesome than the technology used to drill new wells because the smaller diameter required for the tools contributes to both design and operational complexities. Although limited mechanical success has been achieved with some of the lateral jetting technologies and the Amoco tools, their predictability and reliability is unproven. Additionally, they appear to be limited to shallow depths and certain rock types. The Amoco technology probably has the most potential to be successfully developed for routinely reliable, field applications. A comparison of the various horizontal drilling technologies investigated is presented.

  11. Gasifier feed - Tailor-made from Illinois coals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ehrlinger, H.P. III (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL (United States)); Lytle, J.; Frost, R.R.; Lizzio, A.; Kohlenberger, L.; Brewer, K. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL (United States) DESTEC Energy (United States) Williams Technology (United States) Illinois Coal Association (United States))

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main purpose of this project is to produce a feedstock from preparation plant fines from an Illinois coal that is ideal for a slurry fed, slagging, entrained-flow coal gasifier. The high sulfur content and high Btu value of Illinois coals are particularly advantageous in such a gasifier; preliminary calculations indicate that the increased cost of removing sulfur from the gas from a high sulfur coal is more than offset by the increased revenue from the sale of the elemental sulfur; additionally the high Btu Illinois coal concentrates more energy into the slurry of a given coal to water ratio. This project will bring the expertise of four organizations together to perform the various tasks. The Illinois Coal Association will help direct the project to be the most beneficial to the Illinois coal industry. DESTEC Energy, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Dow Chemical Company, will provide guidelines and test compatibility of the slurries developed for gasification feedstock. Williams Technology will provide their expertise in long distance slurry pumping, and test selected products for viscosity, pumpability, and handlability. The Illinois State Geological Survey will study methods for producing clean coal/water slurries from preparation plant wastes including the concentration of pyritic sulfur into the coal slurry to increase the revenue from elemental sulfur produced during gasification operations, and decrease the pyritic sulfur content of the waste streams. ISGS will also test the gasification reactivity of the coals. As reported earlier, a variety of possible samples of coal have been analyzed and the gasification performance evaluation reported. Additionally, commercial sized samples of -28 mesh {times} 100 mesh coal -100 {times} 0 coal were subjected to pumpability testing. Neither the coarse product nor the fine product by themselves proved to be good candidates for trouble free pumping, but the mix of the two proved to be a very acceptable product

  12. Gasifier feed - Tailor-made from Illinois coals. [Quarterly] report, March 1, 1992--May 31, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ehrlinger, H.P. III [Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL (United States); Lytle, J.; Frost, R.R.; Lizzio, A.; Kohlenberger, L.; Brewer, K. [Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL (United States)]|[DESTEC Energy (United States)]|[Williams Technology (United States)]|[Illinois Coal Association (United States)

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main purpose of this project is to produce a feedstock from preparation plant fines from an Illinois coal that is ideal for a slurry fed, slagging, entrained-flow coal gasifier. The high sulfur content and high Btu value of Illinois coals are particularly advantageous in such a gasifier; preliminary calculations indicate that the increased cost of removing sulfur from the gas from a high sulfur coal is more than offset by the increased revenue from the sale of the elemental sulfur; additionally the high Btu Illinois coal concentrates more energy into the slurry of a given coal to water ratio. This project will bring the expertise of four organizations together to perform the various tasks. The Illinois Coal Association will help direct the project to be the most beneficial to the Illinois coal industry. DESTEC Energy, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Dow Chemical Company, will provide guidelines and test compatibility of the slurries developed for gasification feedstock. Williams Technology will provide their expertise in long distance slurry pumping, and test selected products for viscosity, pumpability, and handlability. The Illinois State Geological Survey will study methods for producing clean coal/water slurries from preparation plant wastes including the concentration of pyritic sulfur into the coal slurry to increase the revenue from elemental sulfur produced during gasification operations, and decrease the pyritic sulfur content of the waste streams. ISGS will also test the gasification reactivity of the coals. As reported earlier, a variety of possible samples of coal have been analyzed and the gasification performance evaluation reported. Additionally, commercial sized samples of -28 mesh {times} 100 mesh coal -100 {times} 0 coal were subjected to pumpability testing. Neither the coarse product nor the fine product by themselves proved to be good candidates for trouble free pumping, but the mix of the two proved to be a very acceptable product

  13. University of Minnesota aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) project report on the third long-term cycle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoyer, M.C.; Hallgren, J.P.; Uebel, M.H.; Delin, G.N.; Eisenreich, S.J.; Sterling, R.L.

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The University of Minnesota aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) system has been operated as a field test facility (FTF) since 1982. The objectives were to design, construct, and operate the facility to study the feasibility of high-temperature ATES in a confined aquifer. Four short-term and two long-term cycles were previously conducted, which provided a greatly increased understanding of the efficiency and geochemical effects of high-temperature aquifer thermal energy storage. The third long-term cycle (LT3) was conducted to operate the ATES system in conjunction with a real heating load and to further study the geochemical impact that heated water storage had on the aquifer. For LT3, the source and storage wells were modified so that only the most permeable portion, the Ironton-Galesville part, of the Franconia-Ironton-Galesville aquifer was used for storage. This was expected to improve storage efficiency by reducing the surface area of the heated volume and simplify analysis of water chemistry results by reducing the number of aquifer-related variables which need to be considered. During LT3, a total volume of 63.2 {times} 10{sup 3} m {sup 3} of water was injected at a rate of 54.95 m{sup 3}/hr into the storage well at a mean temperature of 104.7{degrees}C. Tie-in to the reheat system of the nearby Animal Sciences Veterinary Medicine (ASVM) building was completed after injection was completed. Approximately 66 percent (4.13 GWh) of the energy added to the aquifer was recovered. Approximately 15 percent (0.64 GWh) of the usable (10 building. Operations during heat recovery with the ASVM building`s reheat system were trouble-free. Integration into more of the ASVM (or other) building`s mechanical systems would have resulted in significantly increasing the proportion of energy used during heat recovery.

  14. GTRI Remote Monitoring System: Training and Operational Needs Assessment Analysis Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Day, Debra E.; Fox, Sorcha

    2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The mission of the United States Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administrations (NNSA's) Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) is to identify, secure, recover and facilitate the disposition of vulnerable nuclear and high-risk radioactive materials around the world that pose a threat to the United States and the international community. The GTRI's unique mission to reduce and protect vulnerable nuclear and radiological materials located at civilian sites worldwide directly addresses recommendations of the 9/11 Commission1, and is a vital part of the President's National Security Strategy and the Global Initiative. The GTRI Remote Monitoring System (RMS) is a standalone security system that includes radiation and tamper alarms, and CCTV; which can be transmitted securely over the Internet to multiple on-site and off-site locations. Through our experiences during installation of the system at 162 sites, plus feedback received from Alarm Response Training course participants, site input to project teams and analysis of trouble calls; indications were that current system training was lacking and inconsistent. A survey was undertaken to gather information from RMS users across the nation, to evaluate the current level of training and determine what if any improvements needed to be made. Additional questions were focused on the operation of the RMS software. The training survey was initially sent electronically to 245 users at the RMS sites and achieved a 37.6% return rate. Analysis of the resulting data revealed that 34.6% of the respondents had not received training or were unsure if they had, despite the fact that vendor engineers provide training at installation of the system. Any training received was referred to as minimal, and brief, not documented, and nothing in writing. 63.7% of respondents said they were either not at all prepared or only somewhat prepared to use the RMS software required to effectively operate the system. As a result of this analysis, a formal training curriculum will be designed and implemented to include several blended learning delivery options. This training will be piloted at RMS sites; initial training will become a required element of RMS installation and refresher training will be considered for sustainability of operations.

  15. Optimal Technology Investment and Operation in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings with Demand Response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stadler , Michael; Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris; ,, Hirohisa Aki; Lai, Judy

    2009-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy has launched the Zero-Net-Energy (ZNE) Commercial Building Initiative (CBI) in order to develop commercial buildings that produce as much energy as they use. Its objective is to make these buildings marketable by 2025 such that they minimize their energy use through cutting-edge energy-efficient technologies and meet their remaining energy needs through on-site renewable energy generation. We examine how such buildings may be implemented within the context of a cost- or carbon-minimizing microgrid that is able to adopt and operate various technologies, such as photovoltaic (PV) on-site generation, heat exchangers, solar thermal collectors, absorption chillers, and passive / demand-response technologies. We use a mixed-integer linear program (MILP) that has a multi-criteria objective function: the minimization of a weighted average of the building's annual energy costs and carbon / CO2 emissions. The MILP's constraints ensure energy balance and capacity limits. In addition, constraining the building's energy consumed to equal its energy exports enables us to explore how energy sales and demand-response measures may enable compliance with the CBI. Using a nursing home in northern California and New York with existing tariff rates and technology data, we find that a ZNE building requires ample PV capacity installed to ensure electricity sales during the day. This is complemented by investment in energy-efficient combined heat and power equipment, while occasional demand response shaves energy consumption. A large amount of storage is also adopted, which may be impractical. Nevertheless, it shows the nature of the solutions and costs necessary to achieve ZNE. For comparison, we analyze a nursing home facility in New York to examine the effects of a flatter tariff structure and different load profiles. It has trouble reaching ZNE status and its load reductions as well as efficiency measures need to be more effective than those in the CA case. Finally, we illustrate that the multi-criteria frontier that considers costs and carbon emissions in the presence of demand response dominates the one without it.

  16. Fish Tales

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McLerran, L.

    2010-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This talk is about fishing and the friendships that have resulted in its pursuit. It is also about theoretical physics, and the relationship of imagination and fantasy to the establishment of ideas about nature. Fishermen, like theoretical physicists, are well known for their inventive imaginations. Perhaps neither are as clever as sailors, who conceived of the mermaid. If one doubts the power of this fantasy, one should remember the ghosts of the many sailors who drowned pursuing these young nymphs. An extraordinary painting by J. Waterhouse is shown as Fig. 1. The enchantment of a mermaid must reflect an extraordinary excess of imagination on the part of the sailor, perhaps together with an impractical turn of mind. A consummated relationship with a mermaid is after all, by its very nature a fantasy incapable of realization. To a theoretical physicist, she is symbolic of many ideas we develop. There are many truths known to fisherman in which one might also find parallels to the goals of scientists: (1) A fish is the only animal that keeps growing after its death; (2) Nothing makes a fish bigger than almost being caught; (3) ''...of all the liars among mankind, the fisherman is the most trustworthy.'' (William Sherwood Fox, in Silken Lines and Silver Hooks); and (4) Men and fish are alike. They both get into trouble when they open their mouths. These quotes may be interpreted as reflecting skepticism regarding the honesty of fisherman, and probably do not reflect adequate admiration for a creative imagination. Is it fair to criticize a person for believing a falsehood that he or she sincerely believes to be true? The fisherman simultaneously invents the lie, and believes in it himself. The parallel with theoretical physics is perhaps only approximate, although we physicists may invent stories that we come to believe, on some rare occasions our ideas actually correspond to a more or less true descriptions of nature. These minor philosophical differences are not really the central issue, however. It is more to the point that both fishermen and scientists enjoy creating a good story, and we also enjoy a story well told. The correct mixture of truth, lie, fantasy and excitement is a witches brew.

  17. An Economic Analysis of the Kilauea Geothermal Development and Inter-Island Cable Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A study by NEA completed in April 1987 shows that a large scale (500 MW) geothermal development on the big island of Hawaii and the inter-island power transmission cable is economically infeasible. This updated report, utilizing additional information available since 1987, reaches the same conclusion: (1) The state estimate of $1.7 billion for development cost of the geothermal project is low and extremely optimistic. more realistic development costs are shown to be in the range of $3.4 to $4.3 billion and could go as high as $4.6 billion. (2) Compared to alternative sources of power generation, geothermal can be 1.7 to 2.4 times as costly as oil, and 1.2 to 1.7 times as costly as a solar/oil generating system. (3) yearly operation and maintenance costs for the large scale geothermal project are estimated to be 44.7 million, 72% greater than a solar/oil generating system. (4) Over a 40-year period ratepayers could pay, on average, between 1.3 (17.2%) and 2.4 cents (33%) per kWh per year more for electricity produced by geothermal than they are currently paying (even with oil prices stabilizing at $45 per barrel in 2010). (5) A comparable solar/oil thermal energy development project is technologically feasible, could be island specific, and would cost 20% to 40% less than the proposed geothermal development. (6) Conservation is the cheapest alternative of all, can significantly reduce demand, and provides the greatest return to ratepayers. There are better options than geothermal. Before the State commits the people of Hawaii to future indebtedness and unnecessary electricity rate increases, more specific study should be conducted on the economic feasibility, timing, and magnitude of the geothermal project. The California experience at The Geyers points up the fact that it can be a very risky and disappointing proposition. The state should demand that proponents and developers provide specific answers to geothermals troubling questions before they make an irreversible commitment to it. The state should also more carefully assess the potential risks and hazards of volcanic disturbances, the degree of environmental damage that could occur, the future demand for electricity, and the potential of supplying electricity from alternative energy sources, conservation and small scale power units. As they stated in the April 1987 study, to move ahead with rapid large scale geothermal development on Hawaii without thoroughly studying these aspects of its development is ill-advised and economically unsound.

  18. Qualification of the Lasentec M600P Particle Size Analyzer and the Red Valve Model 1151 Pressure Sensor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JR Bontha; NG Colton; EA Daymo; TD Hylton; CK Bayne; TH May

    2000-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lasentec M600 in-line particle size analyzer was installed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in August 1998 to support retrieval of the Gunite and Associated Tanks (GAAT). Before installation at ORNL, the sensor underwent validation testing at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Instrument Validation facility. Mechanically, the instrument worked well during validation testing and met all expectations. Operationally, much was learned about optimum ways to display and interpret the data. Slurry samples taken during the in-line tests at PNNL were shipped to the vendor for analysis with a benchtop Lasentec sensor. These experiments were performed to determine if off-line analyses yield particle size distributions similar to those generated by the in-line sensor. It was determined that the Lasentec sensor measures repeatable chord lengths as long as particles are ''presenter'' to the sensor window the same way. After the initial non-radioactive simulant testing at PNNL, the instrument was shipped for radioactive validation and acceptance testing in the Slurry Monitoring Test System (SMTS) connected to the Tank W-9 of the GAATs at ORNL. For all acceptance tests conducted at ORNL, the variation in the chord length distribution and the total particle count corresponded very well with the slurry density data as determined using an in-line Promass 63M Coriolis meter. Based on the performance results obtained, the Lasentec M600P FBRM is expected to meet the requirements for measuring the particle size distribution during the slurry transfer operations at Hanford and the Oak Ridge GAAT remediation project. The Red Valve pressure sensor was endorsed at the Hanford Site following instrument validation tests at PNNL and is currently in operation in the Tank 241-C-106 pump pit. While this instrument measures pressure within a transfer line, this type of pressure sensor could be configured to measure pressure drop over time. In turn, the status of a slurry transfer could be inferred from the pressure-drop measurement. In 1998, four Red Valve pressure sensors (with Sensotech Model AE-213 pressure transducers) were installed before and after the booster pumps of the 4-in. slurry (SL-200) and supernatant (SN-200) transfer lines between Tank 241-C-106 and Tank 241-AY-1 02. These pressure sensors have been in operation for over 1 year, and to date, the sensors have been trouble-flee according to the operators involved with slurry and supernatant transfer operations. Based on these observations, it is apparent that the Red Valve pressure sensors could be installed at the end of the slurry transfer lines and used to measure the pressure drop in the system.

  19. Energy-Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (E-SMARRT): Final Summary Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, Thornton C [SCRA Appiled R& D

    2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy-Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (E-SMARRT) is a balanced portfolio of R&D tasks that address energy-saving opportunities in the metalcasting industry. E-SMARRT was created to: • Improve important capabilities of castings • Reduce carbon footprint of the foundry industry • Develop new job opportunities in manufacturing • Significantly reduce metalcasting process energy consumption and includes R&D in the areas of: • Improvements in Melting Efficiency • Innovative Casting Processes for Yield Improvement/Revert Reduction • Instrumentation and Control Improvement • Material properties for Casting or Tooling Design Improvement The energy savings and process improvements developed under E-SMARRT have been made possible through the unique collaborative structure of the E-SMARRT partnership. The E-SMARRT team consisted of DOE’s Office of Industrial Technology, the three leading metalcasting technical associations in the U.S: the American Foundry Society; the North American Die Casting Association; and the Steel Founders’ Society of America; and SCRA Applied R&D, doing business as the Advanced Technology Institute (ATI), a recognized leader in distributed technology management. This team provided collaborative leadership to a complex industry composed of approximately 2,000 companies, 80% of which employ less than 100 people, and only 4% of which employ more than 250 people. Without collaboration, these new processes and technologies that enable energy efficiencies and environment-friendly improvements would have been slow to develop and had trouble obtaining a broad application. The E-SMARRT R&D tasks featured low-threshold energy efficiency improvements that are attractive to the domestic industry because they do not require major capital investment. The results of this portfolio of projects are significantly reducing metalcasting process energy consumption while improving the important capabilities of metalcastings. Through June 2014, the E-SMARRT program predicts an average annual estimated savings of 59 Trillion BTUs per year over a 10 year period through Advanced Melting Efficiencies and Innovative Casting Processes. Along with these energy savings, an estimated average annual estimate of CO2 reduction per year over a ten year period is 3.56 Million Metric Tons of Carbon Equivalent (MM TCE).

  20. ANAEROBIC BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF PRODUCED WATER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John R. Gallagher

    2001-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    During the production of oil and gas, large amounts of water are brought to the surface and must be disposed of in an environmentally sensitive manner. This is an especially difficult problem in offshore production facilities where space is a major constraint. The chief regulatory criterion for produced water is oil and grease. Most facilities have little trouble meeting this criterion using conventional oil-water separation technologies. However, some operations have significant amounts of naphthenic acids in the water that behave as oil and grease but are not well removed by conventional technologies. Aerobic biological treatment of naphthenic acids in simulated-produced water has been demonstrated by others; however, the system was easily overloaded by the large amounts of low-molecular-weight organic acids often found in produced waters. The objective of this research was to determine the ability of an anaerobic biological system to treat these organic acids in a simulated produced water and to examine the potential for biodegradation of the naphthenic acids in the anaerobic environment. A small fixed-film anaerobic biological reactor was constructed and adapted to treat a simulated produced water. The bioreactor was tubular, with a low-density porous glass packing material. The inocula to the reactor was sediment from a produced-water holding pond from a municipal anaerobic digester and two salt-loving methanogenic bacteria. During start-up, the feed to the reactor contained glucose as well as typical produced-water components. When glucose was used, rapid gas production was observed. However, when glucose was eliminated and the major organic component was acetate, little gas was generated. Methane production from acetate may have been inhibited by the high salt concentrations, by sulfide, or because of the lack, despite seeding, of microbes capable of converting acetate to methane. Toluene, a minor component of the produced water (0.1 g/L) was removed in the reactor. Batch tests were conducted to examine naphthenic acid biodegradability under several conditions. The conditions used were seed from the anaerobic reactor, wetland sediments under aerobic and anaerobic conditions, and a sterile control. The naphthenic acid was from a commercial source isolated from Gulf Coast petroleum as was dosed at 2 mg/mL. The incubations were for 30 days at 30 C. The results showed that the naphthenic acids were not biodegraded under anaerobic conditions, but were degraded under aerobic conditions. Despite poor performance of the anaerobic reactor, it remains likely that anaerobic treatment of acetate, toluene, and, potentially, other produced-water components is feasible.

  1. Support of US CLIVAR Project Office 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cummings, Donna

    2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    SUBJECT: CLOSEOUT OF AWARD NO DE-SC0008494 FINAL REPORT: SUPPORT OF US CLIVAR PROJECT OFFICE 2012 UNIVERSITY CORPORATION FOR ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH Director of JOSS, supervised the U.S. CLIVAR Project Office Director and helped direct the officer to enhance the goals and objectives of the U.S. CLIVAR Project and budget. Financial Manager of JOSS, worked to complete proposals and monitor compliance with award requirements and funding limitations and ensure the U.S. CLIVAR Project Office complied with UCAR policies and procedures. Project Coordinator administered the funding for the U.S. CLIVAR Project Office and was responsible for coordinating special projects that required additional support from JOSS technical staff. These projects included activities such as website updates, technology upgrades, production of printed reports, and development of graphic elements like logos. Web Developer worked both on web development and graphic work and the work consisted of the following: Maintaining the site ? installing updates to Drupal CMS (Content Management System). Creating new templates for webpages and styling them with CSS and JavaScript/jQuery code. Fixing the styling on webpages that the content contributor/manager (Jenn Mays) created and has had trouble with. Creating new web forms for abstract uploading, subscriptions, and meeting registrations. Created 4 webpages for the ?ASP: Key Uncertainties in the Global Carbon-Cycle? meeting. Developed a document review form, instruction webpages, login redirect, dynamic table with form submissions for the US CLIVAR SSC Science Plan Document Review. This was open to the public from June 12, 2013 until July 10, 2013. During this time the user accounts had to be checked (daily) that were created by the public, to delete any spam ones. Graphics work: preparing images for general use on webpages, webpage banners, and for meeting name badges, creating a US CLIVAR letterhead, redesigning the US AMOC logo. System Administrator spent time working on the migration of the US CLIVAR site from the USGCRP office to UCAR here Boulder. This was done to increase the general speed of the site & to allow the web developer to work in it more efficiently. Main tasks were to Archive the old Site, create new development site for web developer, and move web address to new website when web developer was finished with development. There are no patients or equipment related to this proposals

  2. Lessons Learned

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dougan, A D; Blair, S

    2006-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    LLNL turned in 5 Declaration Line Items (DLI's) in 2006. Of these, one was declared completed. We made some changes to streamline our process from 2005, used less money, time and fewer team members. This report is a description of what changes we made in 2006 and what we learned. Many of our core review team had changed from last year, including our Laboratory Director, the Facility safety and security representatives, our Division Leader, and the OPSEC Committee Chair. We were able to hand out an AP Manual to some of them, and briefed all newcomers to the AP process. We first went to the OPSEC Committee and explained what the Additional Protocol process would be for 2006 and solicited their help in locating declarable projects. We utilized the 'three questions' from the AP meeting last year. LLNL has no single place to locate all projects at the laboratory. We talked to Resource Managers and key Managers in the Energy and Environment Directorate and in the Nonproliferation Homeland and International Security Directorate to find applicable projects. We also talked to the Principal Investigators who had projects last year. We reviewed a list of CRADA's and LDRD projects given to us by the Laboratory Site Office. Talking to the PI's proved difficult because of vacation or travel schedules. We were never able to locate one PI in town. Fortunately, collateral information allowed us to screen out his project. We had no problems in downloading new versions of the DWA and DDA. It was helpful for both Steve Blair and Arden Dougan to have write privileges. During the time we were working on the project, we had to tag-team the work to allow for travel and vacation schedules. We had some difficulty locating an 'activities block' in the software. This was mentioned as something we needed to fix from our 2005 declaration. Evidently the Activities Block has been removed from the current version of the software. We also had trouble finding the DLI Detail Report, which we included in our signature process last year. This report had been inadvertently omitted from the version of the software we used. We typed our own version of the Detail Report and the package was sent to signature. The final software was not available in time to include the DLI Report. We streamlined our review process for the Technical and Security Reviews by sending one letter to each entity instead of getting separate approvals from the subordinates, then getting an approval from the lead reviewer. The Review process took 20 days, far shorter than the 6 weeks it required last year. It will be difficult to shorten the process much more. One of our projects had associated laboratory work at NIF. This required many discussions with NIF management during the review process and before their paperwork came to them for signature since they were not aware of the Additional Protocol.

  3. Audit Report on "The Department of Energy's Opportunity for Energy Savings Through the Use of Setbacks in its Facilities"

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Our testing at Office of Science and National Nuclear Security Administration facilities revealed that the Department either did not use or failed to properly maintain setback systems and equipment in a number of instances. At just the four sites we visited, the Department had not ensured that setback conservation methods were used for 35 of the 55 (approximately 64 percent) owned or leased buildings included in our review. The buildings that did not use setbacks capabilities to control energy consumption comprised over one million square feet of space. Specifically: Although in place or capable of being deployed, officials did not utilize setbacks in 20 separate buildings; and, Equipment in 15 other buildings had either never been enabled or had deteriorated and was no longer functional, thus making setbacks impossible. Typical of the problems we noted, the Y-12 National Security Complex recently leased two buildings that were constructed with setback capability. The property manager for these buildings told us that the setback equipment was not used because the owner of the properties had not purchased the software necessary to enable the capability. In another case, we learned that Los Alamos National Laboratory was not using the setback capability in two buildings because facility operators and tenants had not been trained on operating the setback control system. Finally, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory lost the ability to operate the setback equipment in two buildings when the electronic control system failed in 2008. Laboratory officials told us that they elected not to replace it because they planned to implement campus-wide energy conservation measures in the future. In spite of its energy conservation leadership role, we found that the Department and its facility contractors did not place adequate emphasis on reducing energy consumption through the application of setbacks. Of particular significance, we found that the Department had not always required the operation of setback capabilities in building lease agreements. This was especially troubling given the expanded use of leased space to house Departmental operations. Despite discussions with several Federal and contractor officials, we could not obtain what we considered to be a satisfactory explanation as to why the Department failed to take advantage of this conservation practice, one that is generally low cost and has limited, if any, adverse impact on operations or building occupants. Consistent with the lack of emphasis in this area, we noted that the Department had not required the four contractors included in our review to develop training requirements or energy policies and procedures governing the use of setback capabilities. Energy consumption reduction goals related to setbacks had also not been established to help incentivize contractor performance in this important area. With nearly $300 million in annual utility costs, the Department could realize significant savings by using setbacks in its buildings. We estimate that the Department could save over $11.5 million in annual utility costs. We developed the estimate based on the observation that approximately 64 percent of the facilities included in our review had not used setbacks. We then conservatively applied a 15 percent energy consumption savings estimate observed by Sandia National Laboratory and savings estimates contained in a study conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to the 40 percent of utility costs generally recognized as resulting from HVAC operation. Such savings could be used to fund high priority programs and install additional energy saving features. The consumption savings would be, at today's average residential electricity cost, sufficient to power over 9,800 homes each year. We recognize that while setbacks can be used in many situations, they are not appropriate for facilities that are continuously operated or those that house delicate equipment that depend on constant temperatures. However, during the course of our audit officials at four of the sites includ

  4. Regional Analysis of Building Distributed Energy Costs and CO2 Abatement: A U.S. - China Comparison

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendes, Goncalo; Feng, Wei; Stadler, Michael; Steinbach, Jan; Lai, Judy; Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Ding, Yan; Zhao, Jing; Tian, Zhe; Zhu, Neng

    2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The following paper conducts a regional analysis of the U.S. and Chinese buildings? potential for adopting Distributed Energy Resources (DER). The expected economics of DER in 2020-2025 is modeled for a commercial and a multi-family residential building in different climate zones. The optimal building energy economic performance is calculated using the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER CAM) which minimizes building energy costs for a typical reference year of operation. Several DER such as combined heat and power (CHP) units, photovoltaics, and battery storage are considered. The results indicate DER have economic and environmental competitiveness potential, especially for commercial buildings in hot and cold climates of both countries. In the U.S., the average expected energy cost savings in commercial buildings from DER CAM?s suggested investments is 17percent, while in Chinese buildings is 12percent. The electricity tariffs structure and prices along with the cost of natural gas, represent important factors in determining adoption of DER, more so than climate. High energy pricing spark spreads lead to increased economic attractiveness of DER. The average emissions reduction in commercial buildings is 19percent in the U.S. as a result of significant investments in PV, whereas in China, it is 20percent and driven by investments in CHP. Keywords: Building Modeling and Simulation, Distributed Energy Resources (DER), Energy Efficiency, Combined Heat and Power (CHP), CO2 emissions 1. Introduction The transition from a centralized and fossil-based energy paradigm towards the decentralization of energy supply and distribution has been a major subject of research over the past two decades. Various concerns have brought the traditional model into question; namely its environmental footprint, its structural inflexibility and inefficiency, and more recently, its inability to maintain acceptable reliability of supply. Under such a troubled setting, distributed energy resources (DER) comprising of small, modular, electrical renewable or fossil-based electricity generation units placed at or near the point of energy consumption, has gained much attention as a viable alternative or addition to the current energy system. In 2010, China consumed about 30percent of its primary energy in the buildings sector, leading the country to pay great attention to DER development and its applications in buildings. During the 11th Five Year Plan (FYP), China has implemented 371 renewable energy building demonstration projects, and 210 photovoltaics (PV) building integration projects. At the end of the 12th FYP, China is targeting renewable energy to provide 10percent of total building energy, and to save 30 metric tons of CO2 equivalents (mtce) of energy with building integrated renewables. China is also planning to implement one thousand natural gas-based distributed cogeneration demonstration projects with energy utilization rates over 70percent in the 12th FYP. All these policy targets require significant DER systems development for building applications. China?s fast urbanization makes building energy efficiency a crucial economic issue; however, only limited studies have been done that examine how to design and select suitable building energy technologies in its different regions. In the U.S., buildings consumed 40percent of the total primary energy in 2010 [1] and it is estimated that about 14 billion m2 of floor space of the existing building stock will be remodeled over the next 30 years. Most building?s renovation work has been on building envelope, lighting and HVAC systems. Although interest has emerged, less attention is being paid to DER for buildings. This context has created opportunities for research, development and progressive deployment of DER, due to its potential to combine the production of power and heat (CHP) near the point of consumption and delivering multiple benefits to customers, such as cost

  5. To discuss illicit nuclear trafficking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balatsky, Galya I [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Severe, William R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wallace, Richard K [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Illicit nuclear trafficking panel was conducted at the 4th Annual INMM workshop on Reducing the Risk from Radioactive and Nuclear Materials on February 2-3, 2010 in Washington DC. While the workshop occurred prior to the Nuclear Security Summit, April 12-13 2010 in Washington DC, some of the summit issues were raised during the workshop. The Communique of the Washington Nuclear Security Summit stated that 'Nuclear terrorism is one of the most challenging threats to international security, and strong nuclear security measures are the most effective means to prevent terrorists, criminals, or other unauthorized actors from acquiring nuclear materials.' The Illicit Trafficking panel is one means to strengthen nuclear security and cooperation at bilateral, regional and multilateral levels. Such a panel promotes nuclear security culture through technology development, human resources development, education and training. It is a tool which stresses the importance of international cooperation and coordination of assistance to improve efforts to prevent and respond to incidents of illicit nuclear trafficking. Illicit trafficking panel included representatives from US government, an international organization (IAEA), private industry and a non-governmental organization to discuss illicit nuclear trafficking issues. The focus of discussions was on best practices and challenges for addressing illicit nuclear trafficking. Terrorism connection. Workshop discussions pointed out the identification of terrorist connections with several trafficking incidents. Several trafficking cases involved real buyers (as opposed to undercover law enforcement agents) and there have been reports identifying individuals associated with terrorist organizations as prospective plutonium buyers. Some specific groups have been identified that consistently search for materials to buy on the black market, but no criminal groups were identified that specialize in nuclear materials or isotope smuggling. In most cases, sellers do not find legitimate buyers; however, there have been specific cases where sellers did find actual terrorist group representatives. There appears to be a connection between terrorist groups engaged in trafficking conventional arms and explosives components that are also looking for both nuclear materials and radioisotopes. Sale opportunities may create additional demand for such materials. As we can observe from Figure 1, many cases in the mid-90s involved kilogram quantities of material. There were smaller amounts of material moved in 2001, 2003 and 2006. While we have seen less trafficking cases involving PujHEU in recent years, the fact that it continues at all is troubling. The trafficking cases can be presented through their life cycle: Diversion of materials leads to Trafficker and then to Terrorist/Proliferator. Most of the information we have in trafficking cases is on the Trafficker. In 16 cases reported by the IAEA, there are 10 prosecutions of the involved trafficker. However, there are no confirmed diversions of material recorded in any of the 18 seizures. Most seizures were sting operations performed by law enforcement or security agents with no actual illicit end-user involved.

  6. Addressing an Uncertain Future Using Scenario Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) has had a longstanding goal of introducing uncertainty into the analysis it routinely conducts in compliance with the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) and for strategic management purposes. The need to introduce some treatment of uncertainty arises both because it would be good general management practice, and because intuitively many of the technologies under development by EERE have a considerable advantage in an uncertain world. For example, an expected kWh output from a wind generator in a future year, which is not exposed to volatile and unpredictable fuel prices, should be truly worth more than an equivalent kWh from an alternative fossil fuel fired technology. Indeed, analysts have attempted to measure this value by comparing the prices observed in fixed-price natural gas contracts compared to ones in which buyers are exposed to market prices (see Bolinger, Wiser, and Golove and (2004)). In addition to the routine reasons for exploring uncertainty given above, the history of energy markets appears to have exhibited infrequent, but troubling, regime shifts, i.e., historic turning points at which the center of gravity or fundamental nature of the system appears to have abruptly shifted. Figure 1 below shows an estimate of how the history of natural gas fired generating costs has evolved over the last three decades. The costs shown incorporate both the well-head gas price and an estimate of how improving generation technology has gradually tended to lower costs. The purpose of this paper is to explore scenario analysis as a method for introducing uncertainty into EERE's forecasting in a manner consistent with the preceding observation. The two questions are how could it be done, and what is its academic basis, if any. Despite the interest in uncertainty methods, applying them poses some major hurdles because of the heavy reliance of EERE on forecasting tools that are deterministic in nature, such as the Energy Information Administration's (EIA's) National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). NEMS is the source of the influential Annual Energy Outlook whose business-as-usual (BAU) case, the Reference Case, forms the baseline for most of the U.S. energy policy discussion. NEMS is an optimizing model because: 1. it iterates to an equilibrium among modules representing the supply, demand, and energy conversion subsectors; and 2. several subsectoral models are individually solved using linear programs (LP). Consequently, it is deeply rooted in the recent past and any effort to simulate the consequences of a major regime shift as depicted in Figure 1 must come by applying an exogenously specified scenario. And, more generally, simulating futures that lie outside of our recent historic experience, even if they do not include regime switches suggest some form of scenario approach. At the same time, the statistical validity of scenarios that deviate significantly outside the ranges of historic inputs should be questioned.

  7. Cast Metals Coalition Technology Transfer and Program Management Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gwyn, Mike

    2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Cast Metals Coalition (CMC) partnership program was funded to ensure that the results of the Department of Energy's (DOE) metalcasting research and development (R&D) projects are successfully deployed into industry. Specifically, the CMC program coordinated the transfer and deployment of energy saving technologies and process improvements developed under separately funded DOE programs and projects into industry. The transition of these technologies and process improvements is a critical step in the path to realizing actual energy savings. At full deployment, DOE funded metalcasting R&D results are projected to save 55% of the energy used by the industry in 1998. This closely aligns with DOE's current goal of driving a 25% reduction in industrial energy intensity by 2017. In addition to benefiting DOE, these energy savings provide metalcasters with a significant economic advantage. Deployment of already completed R&D project results and those still underway is estimated to return over 500% of the original DOE and industry investment. Energy savings estimates through December 2008 from the Energy-Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (E-SMARRT) portfolio of projects alone are 12 x 1012 BTUs, with a projection of over 50 x 1012 BTUs ten years after program completion. These energy savings and process improvements have been made possible through the unique collaborative structure of the CMC partnership. The CMC team consists of DOE's Office of Industrial Technology, the three leading metalcasting technical societies in the U.S: the American Foundry Society; the North American Die Casting Association; and the Steel Founders Society of America; and the Advanced Technology Institute (ATI), a recognized leader in distributed technology management. CMC provides collaborative leadership to a complex industry composed of approximately 2,100 companies, 80% of which employ less than 100 people, and only 4% of which employ more than 250 people. Without collaboration, new technologies enabling energy efficiencies and environment-friendly improvements are slow to develop, and have trouble obtaining a broad application. The CMC team was able to effectively and efficiently transfer the results of DOE's metalcasting R&D projects to industry by utilizing and delivering the numerous communication vehicles identified in the proposal. The three metalcasting technical associations achieved significant technology transition results under this program. In addition to reaching over 23,000 people per year through Modern Casting and 28,000 through Engineered Casting Solutions, AFS had 84 national publications and reached over 1,200 people annually through Cast Metals Institute (CMI) education courses. NADCA's education department reached over 1,000 people each year through their courses, in addition to reaching over 6,000 people annually through Die Casting Engineer, and publishing 58 papers. The SFSA also published 99 research papers and reached over 1,000 people annually through their member newsletters. In addition to these communication vehicles, the CMC team conducted numerous technical committee meetings, project reviews, and onsite visits. All of these efforts to distribute the latest metalcasting technologies contributed to the successful deployment of DOE's R&D projects into industry. The DOE/CMC partnership demonstrated significant success in the identification and review of relevant and easy-to-implement metalcasting energy-saving processes and technologies so that the results are quickly implemented and become general practice. The results achieved in this program demonstrate that sustained technology transfer efforts are a critical step in the deployment of R&D projects to industry.

  8. EVALUATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE CAPTURE FROM EXISTING COAL FIRED PLANTS BY HYBRID SORPTION USING SOLID SORBENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benson, Steven; Srinivasachar, Srivats; Laudal, Daniel; Browers, Bruce

    2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel hybrid solid sorbent technology for CO2 capture and separation from coal combustion-derived flue gas was evaluated. The technology – Capture of CO2 by Hybrid Sorption (CACHYS™) – is a solid sorbent technology based on the following ideas: 1) reduction of energy for sorbent regeneration, 2) utilization of novel process chemistry, 3) contactor conditions that minimize sorbent-CO2 heat of reaction and promote fast CO2 capture, and 4) low-cost method of heat management. This report provides key information developed during the course of the project that includes sorbent performance, energy for sorbent regeneration, physical properties of the sorbent, the integration of process components, sizing of equipment, and overall capital and operational cost of the integrated CACHYS™ system. Seven sorbent formulations were prepared and evaluated at the lab-scale for energy requirements and CO2 capture performance. Sorbent heat of regeneration ranged from 30-80 kJ/mol CO2 and was found to be dependent on process conditions. Two sorbent formulations (designated HCK-4 & HCK-7) were down-selected for additional fixed-bed testing. Additional testing involved subjecting the sorbents to 100 continuous cycles in the fixed-bed reactor to determine performance as a function of time. The working capacity achieved for HCK-4 sorbent ranged from 5.5-8.0 g CO2/100 g sorbent, while the HCK-7 typically ranged from 8.0-10.0 g CO2/100 g sorbent. Overall, there was no deterioration in capacity with continuous cycling for either sorbent. The CACHYS™ bench-scale testing system designed and fabricated under this award consists of a dual circulating fluidized-bed adsorber and a moving-bed regenerator. The system takes a flue gas slipstream from the University of North Dakota’s coal-fired steam plant. Prior to being sent to the adsorber, the flue gas is scrubbed to remove SO2 and particulate. During parametric testing of the adsorber, CO2 capture achieved using the 2-bed configuration with recirculation in both beds was 65-70% with a high flue gas CO2 loading (~7%) and up to 85% with a low flue gas CO2 loading (~4%). A sorbent regenerator system consisting of a pre-heater, desorber, and cooler is used to heat the CO2-rich sorbent with direct and indirect steam producing a nearly 100% pure stream of CO2. Parametric testing of the regenerator system demonstrated the impact of process conditions on both desorption rate and the heat of regeneration. Clear evidence of the use of specific process conditions that lower the overall energy of desorption was identified. This observation validates measurements made at the laboratory-scale. Several longer-term continuous tests were conducted to evaluate the performance of the sorbent/process as a function of time. Using a 2-bed configuration, sustained capture efficiency of 40-60% with a high flue gas CO2 loading (~8%) and 70-80% with a low flue gas CO2 loading (~4%) were achieved. However, sorbent working capacity was found to be considerably lower than laboratory-scale measurements. The low working capacity is attributed to insufficient sorbent/gas contact time in the adsorber. Sorbent properties that had a significant impact on CO2 capture performance were identified. The results show that controlling these sorbent properties substantially improves CO2 capture performance, with preliminary estimates indicating that relative improvement of ~30% is possible. Testing culminated with an operationally trouble-free test of 15 hours with sustainable performance. Overall, several practical strategies to increase performance of the sorbent and process were identified. The initial technical and economic assessment of the CACHYS™ process estimated the cost of CO2 capture was $36.19/ton with a 48.6% increase in levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) for the 550 MWe net plant. Using additional data gathered over the course of the project, and with revised technical and economic assumptions, the estimated cost of CO2 capture with the CACHYS™ process is $39/ton (only includes the cost of the CO2 capture system