National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for tropical warm pool

  1. The Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment: Overview

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment: Overview May, Peter Bureau or Meteorology Research Centre Mather, James Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Jakob,...

  2. The Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    May, Peter T.; Mather, James H.; Vaughan, Geraint; Jakob, Christian; McFarquhar, Greg; Bower, Keith; Mace, Gerald G.

    2008-05-01

    One of the most complete data sets describing tropical convection ever collected will result from the upcoming Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) in the area around Darwin, Northern Australia in January and February 2006. The aims of the experiment, which will be operated in conjunction with the DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) site in Darwin, will be to examine convective cloud systems from their initial stages through to the decay of the cirrus generated and to measure their impact on the environment. The experiment will include an unprecedented network of ground-based observations (soundings, active and passive remote sensors) combined with low, mid and high altitude aircraft for in-situ and remote sensing measurements. A crucial outcome of the experiment will be a data set suitable to provide the forcing and evaluation data required by cloud resolving and single column models as well as global climate models (GCMs) with the aim to contribute to parameterization development. This data set will provide the necessary link between the observed cloud properties and the models that are attempting to simulate them. The experiment is a large multi-agency experiment including substantial contributions from the United States DOE ARM program, ARM-UAV program, NASA, the Australian Bureau of Meteorology, CSIRO, EU programs and many universities.

  3. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment General Description The Tropical Warm Pool - International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) was a collaborative effort led by the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Beginning January 21 and ending February 14, 2006, the experiment was conducted in the region near the ARM Climate Research Facility in Darwin, Northern Australia. This permanent facility is fully equipped

  4. ARM - Tropical Warm Pool - International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Related Links TWP-ICE Home Tropical Western Pacific Home ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Post-Experiment Data Sets Weather Summary (pdf, 6M) New York Workshop Presentations Experiment Planning TWP-ICE Proposal Abstract Detailed Experiment Description Science Plan (pdf, 1M) Operations Plan (pdf, 321K) Maps Contact Info Related Links Daily Report Report Archives Press Media Coverage TWP-ICE Fact Sheet (pdf, 211K) Press Releases TWP-ICE Images ARM flickr site <="" li=""

  5. A coupled theory of tropical climatology: Warm pool, cold tongue, and Walker circulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhengyu Liu; Boyin Huang

    1997-07-01

    Based on results from analytic and general circulation models, the authors propose a theory for the coupled warm pool, cold tongue, and Walker circulation system. The intensity of the coupled system is determined by the coupling strength, the local equilibrium time, and latitudinal differential heating. Most importantly, this intensity is strongly regulated in the coupled system, with a saturation level that can be reached at a modest coupling strength. The saturation west-east sea surface temperature difference (and the associated Walker circulation) corresponds to about one-quarter of the latitudinal differential equilibrium temperature. This regulation is caused primarily by the decoupling of the SST gradient from a strong ocean current. The author`s estimate suggests that the present Pacific is near the saturation state. Furthermore, the much weaker Walker circulation system in the Atlantic Ocean is interpreted as being the result of the influence of the adjacent land, which is able to extend into the entire Atlantic to change the zonal distribution of the trade wind. The theory is also applied to understand the tropical climatology in coupled GCM simulations, in the Last Glacial Maximum climate, and in the global warming climate, as well as in the regulation of the tropical sea surface temperature. 41 refs., 15 figs.

  6. ON THE INSTABILITY OF TROPICAL WESTERN PACIFIC WARM POOL DURING THE BOREAL WINTER AND SPRING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BARR-KUMARAKULASINGHE,S.A.

    1998-03-23

    A source of instability in the western Pacific warm pool is shown to be due to sea surface elevation variations caused by changes in the zonal sea-surface temperature (SST) gradient and the changes in the Pacific Ocean basin length in relation to the warm pool latitudinal location. The variation of the sea-surface elevation is measured by using the thermocline depth response calculated from a two-layer ocean. The warm pool is shown to be barely at equilibrium during the boreal late winter and early spring by comparing the measured thermocline at 110{degree}W, 0{degree}E with the calculated thermocline depth. Based on this analysis, a failure or reversal of the climatological zonal winds are apparently not a necessary precursor for the instability of the warm pool and initiation of a warm event. A warm event can be initiated by an increase in the size of the warm pool and/or an increase in zonal SST differences during the boreal/winter spring. This mechanism could be an alternate mechanism for El-Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) dynamics to that postulated by Bjeknes (1969).

  7. Mechanisms of Convective Cloud Organization by Cold Pools over Tropical Warm Ocean during the AMIE/DYNAMO Field Campaign

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feng, Zhe; Hagos, Samson M.; Rowe, Angela; Burleyson, Casey D.; Martini, Matus; de Szoeke, S.

    2015-06-01

    This paper investigates the mechanisms of convective cloud organization by precipitation-driven cold pools over the warm tropical Indian Ocean during the 2011 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) Investigation Experiment / Dynamics of the MJO (AMIE/DYNAMO) field campaign. A high-resolution regional model simulation is performed using the Weather Research and Forecasting model during the transition from suppressed to active phases of the November 2011 MJO. The simulated cold pool lifetimes, spatial extent and thermodynamic properties agree well with the radar and ship-borne observations from the field campaign. The thermodynamic and dynamic structures of the outflow boundaries of isolated and intersecting cold pools in the simulation and the associated secondary cloud populations are examined. Intersecting cold pools last more than twice as long, are twice as large, 41% more intense (measured by buoyancy), and 62% deeper than isolated cold pools. Consequently, intersecting cold pools trigger 73% more convective clouds than isolated ones. This is possibly due to stronger outflows that enhance secondary updraft velocities by up to 45%. However, cold pool-triggered convective clouds grow into deep convection not because of the stronger secondary updrafts at cloud base, but rather due to closer spacing (aggregation) between clouds and larger cloud clusters that formed along the cold pool boundaries when they intersect. The close spacing of large clouds moistens the local environment and reduces entrainment drying, allowing the clouds to further develop into deep convection. Implications to the design of future convective parameterization with cold pool-modulated entrainment rates are discussed.

  8. Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment TWP-ICE Cloud and rain characteristics in the Australian Monsoon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    May, P.T., Jakob, C., and Mather, J.H.

    2004-05-31

    The impact of oceanic convection on its environment and the relationship between the characteristics of the convection and the resulting cirrus characteristics is still not understood. An intense airborne measurement campaign combined with an extensive network of ground-based observations is being planned for the region near Darwin, Northern Australia, during January-February, 2006, to address these questions. The Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) will be the first field program in the tropics that attempts to describe the evolution of tropical convection, including the large scale heat, moisture, and momentum budgets, while at the same time obtaining detailed observations of cloud properties and the impact of the clouds on the environment. The emphasis will be on cirrus for the cloud properties component of the experiment. Cirrus clouds are ubiquitous in the tropics and have a large impact on their environment but the properties of these clouds are poorly understood. A crucial product from this experiment will be a dataset suitable to provide the forcing and testing required by cloud-resolving models and parameterizations in global climate models. This dataset will provide the necessary link between cloud properties and the models that are attempting to simulate them.

  9. Interaction of clouds, radiation, and the tropical warm pool sea surface temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, N.; Zhang, G.J.; Barnett, T.P.; Ramanathan, V.

    1996-04-01

    The primary focus of this study is the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP). In this study, we combine in-situ observations Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere [TOGA]-Coupled Ocean Atmosphere Response Experiment [COARE] and Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment [CEPEX] with satellite cloud data.

  10. Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE): Cloud and Rain Characteristics in the Australian Monsoon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PT May; C Jakob; JH Mather

    2004-05-30

    The impact of oceanic convection on its environment and the relationship between the characteristics of the convection and the resulting cirrus characteristics is still not understood. An intense airborne measurement campaign combined with an extensive network of ground-based observations is being planned for the region near Darwin, Northern Australia, during January-February, 2006, to address these questions. The Tropical Warm Pool – International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) will be the first field program in the tropics that attempts to describe the evolution of tropical convection, including the large scale heat, moisture, and momentum budgets, while at the same time obtaining detailed observations of cloud properties and the impact of the clouds on the environment. The emphasis will be on cirrus for the cloud properties component of the experiment. Cirrus clouds are ubiquitous in the tropics and have a large impact on their environment but the properties of these clouds are poorly understood. A crucial product from this experiment will be a dataset suitable to provide the forcing and testing required by cloud-resolving models and parameterizations in global climate models. This dataset will provide the necessary link between cloud properties and the models that are attempting to simulate them. The experiment is a collaboration between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program, the Bureau of Meteorology (BoM), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the European Commission DG RTD-1.2, and several United States, Australian, Canadian, and European Universities. This experiment will be undertaken over a 4-week period in early 2006. January and February corresponds to the wet phase of the Australia monsoon. This season has been selected because, despite Darwin’s coastal location, the convection that occurs over and near Darwin at this time is largely of maritime origin with a large fetch over water

  11. Warm Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Warm Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Warm Springs Resort...

  12. Testing ice microphysics parameterizations in the NCAR Community Atmospheric Model Version 3 using Tropical Warm Pool-International Cloud Experiment data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Weiguo; Liu, Xiaohong; Xie, Shaocheng; Boyle, Jim; McFarlane, Sally A.

    2009-07-23

    Here, cloud properties have been simulated with a new double-moment microphysics scheme under the framework of the single-column version of NCAR Community Atmospheric Model version 3 (CAM3). For comparison, the same simulation was made with the standard single-moment microphysics scheme of CAM3. Results from both simulations compared favorably with observations during the Tropical Warm Pool–International Cloud Experiment by the U.S. Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program in terms of the temporal variation and vertical distribution of cloud fraction and cloud condensate. Major differences between the two simulations are in the magnitude and distribution of ice water content within the mixed-phase cloud during the monsoon period, though the total frozen water (snow plus ice) contents are similar. The ice mass content in the mixed-phase cloud from the new scheme is larger than that from the standard scheme, and ice water content extends 2 km further downward, which is in better agreement with observations. The dependence of the frozen water mass fraction on temperature from the new scheme is also in better agreement with available observations. Outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) from the simulation with the new scheme is, in general, larger than that with the standard scheme, while the surface downward longwave radiation is similar. Sensitivity tests suggest that different treatments of the ice crystal effective radius contribute significantly to the difference in the calculations of TOA OLR, in addition to cloud water path. Numerical experiments show that cloud properties in the new scheme can respond reasonably to changes in the concentration of aerosols and emphasize the importance of correctly simulating aerosol effects in climate models for aerosol-cloud interactions. Further evaluation, especially for ice cloud properties based on in-situ data, is needed.

  13. Testing ice microphysics parameterizations in the NCAR Community Atmospheric Model Version 3 using Tropical Warm Pool-International Cloud Experiment data

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wang, Weiguo; Liu, Xiaohong; Xie, Shaocheng; Boyle, Jim; McFarlane, Sally A.

    2009-07-23

    Here, cloud properties have been simulated with a new double-moment microphysics scheme under the framework of the single-column version of NCAR Community Atmospheric Model version 3 (CAM3). For comparison, the same simulation was made with the standard single-moment microphysics scheme of CAM3. Results from both simulations compared favorably with observations during the Tropical Warm Pool–International Cloud Experiment by the U.S. Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program in terms of the temporal variation and vertical distribution of cloud fraction and cloud condensate. Major differences between the two simulations are in the magnitude and distribution of ice water content within themore » mixed-phase cloud during the monsoon period, though the total frozen water (snow plus ice) contents are similar. The ice mass content in the mixed-phase cloud from the new scheme is larger than that from the standard scheme, and ice water content extends 2 km further downward, which is in better agreement with observations. The dependence of the frozen water mass fraction on temperature from the new scheme is also in better agreement with available observations. Outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) from the simulation with the new scheme is, in general, larger than that with the standard scheme, while the surface downward longwave radiation is similar. Sensitivity tests suggest that different treatments of the ice crystal effective radius contribute significantly to the difference in the calculations of TOA OLR, in addition to cloud water path. Numerical experiments show that cloud properties in the new scheme can respond reasonably to changes in the concentration of aerosols and emphasize the importance of correctly simulating aerosol effects in climate models for aerosol-cloud interactions. Further evaluation, especially for ice cloud properties based on in-situ data, is needed.« less

  14. Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehab. Pool & Spa Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehab. Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  15. Coordinated Airborne Studies in the Tropics (CAST) Field Campaign...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... National Aeronautics and Space Administration National ... Tropical Warm Pool - International Cloud Experiment United ... Daily meteorological measurments from the Momote station. ...

  16. Management of Philippine tropical forests: Implications to global warming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lasco, R.D.

    1997-12-31

    The first part of the paper presents the massive changes in tropical land management in the Philippines as a result of a {open_quotes}paradigm shift{close_quotes} in forestry. The second part of the paper analyzes the impacts of the above management strategies on global warming, in general, preserved forests are neither sinks not sources of greenhouse gasses (GHG). Reforestation activities are primarily net sinks of carbon specially the use of fast growing reforestation species. Estimates are given for the carbon-sequestering ability of some commonly used species. The last part of the paper policy recommendations and possible courses of action by the government to maximize the role of forest lands in the mitigation of global warming. Private sector initiatives are also explored.

  17. ARM - Field Campaign - Tropical Warm Pool - International Cloud...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    was a data set suitable to provide the forcing and testing required by cloud resolving models and parameterizations in Global Climate Models (GCMs). This data set provided ...

  18. Hydrologic responses of a tropical catchment in Thailand and two temperate/cold catchments in north America to global warming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gan, T.Y.; Ahmad, Z.

    1997-12-31

    The hydrologic impact or sensitivities of three medium-sized catchments to global warming, one of tropical climate in Northern Thailand and two of temperate climate in the Sacramento and San Joaquin River basins of California, were investigated.

  19. Understanding the El Niño-like Oceanic Response in the Tropical Pacific to Global Warming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luo, Yiyong; Lu, Jian; Liu, Fukai; Liu, Wei

    2015-10-10

    The enhanced central and eastern Pacific SST warming and the associated ocean processes under global warming are investigated using the ocean component of the Community Earth System Model (CESM), Parallel Ocean Program version 2 (POP2). The tropical SST warming pattern in the coupled CESM can be faithfully reproduced by the POP2 forced with surface fluxes computed using the aerodynamic bulk formula. By prescribing the wind stress and/or wind speed through the bulk formula, the effects of wind stress change and/or the wind-evaporation-SST (WES) feedback are isolated and their linearity is evaluated in this ocean-alone setting. Result shows that, although the weakening of the equatorial easterlies contributes positively to the El Niño-like SST warming, 80% of which can be simulated by the POP2 without considering the effects of wind change in both mechanical and thermodynamic fluxes. This result points to the importance of the air-sea thermal interaction and the relative feebleness of the ocean dynamical process in the El Niño-like equatorial Pacific SST response to global warming. On the other hand, the wind stress change is found to play a dominant role in the oceanic response in the tropical Pacific, accounting for most of the changes in the equatorial ocean current system and thermal structures, including the weakening of the surface westward currents, the enhancement of the near-surface stratification and the shoaling of the equatorial thermocline. Interestingly, greenhouse gas warming in the absence of wind stress change and WES feedback also contributes substantially to the changes at the subsurface equatorial Pacific. Further, this warming impact can be largely replicated by an idealized ocean experiment forced by a uniform surface heat flux, whereby, arguably, a purest form of oceanic dynamical thermostat is revealed.

  20. Global warming and climate change - predictive models for temperate and tropical regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malini, B.H.

    1997-12-31

    Based on the assumption of 4{degree}C increase of global temperature by the turn of 21st century due to the accumulation of greenhouse gases an attempt is made to study the possible variations in different climatic regimes. The predictive climatic water balance model for Hokkaido island of Japan (a temperate zone) indicates the possible occurrence of water deficit for two to three months, which is a unknown phenomenon in this region at present. Similarly, India which represents tropical region also will experience much drier climates with increased water deficit conditions. As a consequence, the thermal region of Hokkaido which at present is mostly Tundra and Micro thermal will change into a Meso thermal category. Similarly, the moisture regime which at present supports per humid (A2, A3 and A4) and Humid (B4) climates can support A1, B4, B3, B2 and B1 climates indicating a shift towards drier side of the climatic spectrum. Further, the predictive modes of both the regions have indicated increased evapotranspiration rates. Although there is not much of change in the overall thermal characteristics of the Indian region the moisture regime indicates a clear shift towards the aridity in the country.

  1. ARM - Global Warming

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox ...

  2. A KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY STRATEGY FOR RELATING SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURES TO FREQUENCIES OF TROPICAL STORMS AND GENERATING PREDICTIONS OF HURRICANES UNDER 21ST-CENTURY GLOBAL WARMING SCENARIOS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Race, Caitlin; Steinbach, Michael; Ganguly, Auroop R; Semazzi, Fred; Kumar, Vipin

    2010-01-01

    The connections among greenhouse-gas emissions scenarios, global warming, and frequencies of hurricanes or tropical cyclones are among the least understood in climate science but among the most fiercely debated in the context of adaptation decisions or mitigation policies. Here we show that a knowledge discovery strategy, which leverages observations and climate model simulations, offers the promise of developing credible projections of tropical cyclones based on sea surface temperatures (SST) in a warming environment. While this study motivates the development of new methodologies in statistics and data mining, the ability to solve challenging climate science problems with innovative combinations of traditional and state-of-the-art methods is demonstrated. Here we develop new insights, albeit in a proof-of-concept sense, on the relationship between sea surface temperatures and hurricane frequencies, and generate the most likely projections with uncertainty bounds for storm counts in the 21st-century warming environment based in turn on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report on Emissions Scenarios. Our preliminary insights point to the benefits that can be achieved for climate science and impacts analysis, as well as adaptation and mitigation policies, by a solution strategy that remains tailored to the climate domain and complements physics-based climate model simulations with a combination of existing and new computational and data science approaches.

  3. ARM - Lesson Plans: Global Warming

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Global Warming Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global ...

  4. Intersecting Cold Pools: Convective Cloud Organization by Cold...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Intersecting Cold Pools: Convective Cloud Organization by Cold Pools over Tropical Ocean For original submission and image(s), see ARM Research Highlights http:www.arm.gov...

  5. ARM - What Causes Global Warming?

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ThinkersWhat Causes Global Warming? Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans What Causes Global Warming? What is the basis for the predictions concerning global warming? There are several gases in the air, collectively called greenhouse gases, that trap the infrared radiation emitted

  6. Experiment to Characterize Tropical Cloud Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    May, Peter T.; Mather, Jim H.; Jakob, Christian

    2005-08-02

    A major experiment to study tropical convective cloud systems and their impacts will take place around Darwin, Northern Australia in early 2006. The Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) is a collaboration including the DOE ARM (Atmospheric Radiation Measurement) and ARM-UAV programs, NASA centers, the Australian Bureau of Meteorology, CSIRO, and universities in the USA, Australia, Japan, the UK, and Canada. TWP-ICE will be preceded in November/December 2004 by a collaborating European aircraft campaign involving the EU SCOUT-O3 and UK NERC ACTIVE projects. Detailed atmospheric measurements will be made in the Darwin area through the whole Austral summer, giving unprecedented coverage through the pre-monsoon and monsoon periods.

  7. ARM - What is Global Warming?

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is Global Warming? Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans What is Global Warming? Our earth's average temperature stays pretty much the same from year to year. Sometimes it gets very cold in the winter and very hot in the summer where you live. And some years may be a little hotter

  8. ARM - What is Global Warming?

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is Global Warming? Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans What is Global Warming? The surface temperature of each of the planets in our solar system depends on a process called the heat budget. This budget, like any other type of budget, remains balanced if the amount (of energy)

  9. Signature of Robert Poole Signature of Robert Poole Signature of Robert Poole

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Robert Poole Signature of Robert Poole Signature of Robert Poole

  10. Hobo Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Hobo Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Hobo Pool Sector Geothermal...

  11. Klamath Swimming Pools (5) Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Swimming Pools (5) Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Klamath Swimming Pools (5) Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  12. Cove Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Cove Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Cove...

  13. Moana Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Moana Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Moana Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  14. Baker Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Baker Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Baker Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  15. Public Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Public Swimming Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Public...

  16. Caliente City Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Caliente City Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Caliente City Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  17. Stacy Park Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Stacy Park Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Stacy Park Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Stacy Park...

  18. Hot Springs Soaking Pools Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Hot Springs Soaking Pools Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Hot Springs...

  19. Multi-institutional project to study climate change's effect on tropical

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    forests Climate change's effect on tropical forests Multi-institutional project to study climate change's effect on tropical forests An expansive new project called Next Generation Ecosystem Experiments-Tropics aims to bring the future of tropical forests into much clearer focus April 1, 2015 Overhead view of Amazon forest, at risk from a warming climate. Photo credit: Hugo Glendinning Overhead view of Amazon forest, at risk from a warming climate. Photo credit: Hugo Glendinning Contact Los

  20. ARM - Possible Benefits of Global Warming on Agriculture

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ListPossible Benefits of Global Warming on Agriculture Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Possible Benefits of Global Warming on Agriculture Pros and Cons Given the need for caution, it may still be possible to make a few general comments. With more carbon dioxide in the

  1. ARM - What Are the Effects of Global Warming?

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Are the Effects of Global Warming? Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans What Are the Effects of Global Warming? Changes in Crop and Plant Life In the mid-latitudes (this includes most of the United States), the amount of moisture in the soil will probably decrease in the summer.

  2. ARM - What Are the Effects of Global Warming?

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans What Are the Effects of Global Warming? As greenhouse gases continue to increase, the earth may experience significant climate changes. In addition, there are many other impacts that global warming can have on the earth. You can learn more

  3. ARM - What Will Happen as a Result of Global Warming?

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    What Will Happen as a Result of Global Warming? Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans What Will Happen as a Result of Global Warming? Major Stratospheric Cooling Virtually certain. Because there is erosion of upper stratospheric ozone by chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), there is less

  4. Global warming: Science or politics? Part 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dorweiler, V.P.

    1998-05-01

    Supplementing the conclusion that ``there has been a discernible influence of human activity on global climate`` is a set of dire consequences to the globe and human population. One consequence is the spread of tropical diseases. It has not been concluded whether the spread of disease is due to global conditions or to opening of tropical forests to commerce, allowing spread by travelers. Whether these forecasts abet the claimed relation of human activity to global warming, they are not a new phenomenon. In the space of several decades, dire consequences have been forecast in three sectors: natural resource consumption, energy resources and environmental fate. These three areas are reviewed.

  5. ARM - What is the ARM Climate Research Facility Doing About Global Warming?

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    WarmingWhat is the ARM Climate Research Facility Doing About Global Warming? Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans What is the ARM Climate Research Facility Doing About Global Warming? Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) scientists are studying the effects of clouds on weather

  6. Camperworld Hot Springs SCUBA Dive Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Camperworld Hot Springs SCUBA Dive Pool Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Camperworld...

  7. Heat Pump Swimming Pool Heaters

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    If you want an energy-efficient way to heat your swimming pool, consider using a heat pump pool heater in mild climates.

  8. Equipment Pool | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pool What is the Equipment Pool? Property that is no longer required or being used by a research group or administrative office is sent to the Ames Laboratory's warehouse Equipment Pool area for reuitilization within the Laboratory. What property is in the Equipment Pool? 1. Visit the Equipment Pool Listing page, or 2. Visit our Ames Laboratory warehouse between the hours of 7:30-4 p.m. to view the items in the equipment pool. How do I request property from the Pool? Contact Brian Aspengren,

  9. Thread Pool Interface (TPI)

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2008-04-01

    Thread Pool Interface (TpI) provides a simple interface for running functions written in C or C++ in a thread-parallel mode. Application or library codes may need to perform operations thread-parallel on machines with multicore processors. the TPI library provides a simple mechanism for managing thread activation, deactivation, and thread-parallel execution of application-provided subprograms.

  10. Solar Swimming Pool Heaters | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Swimming Pool Heaters Solar Swimming Pool Heaters An example of a solar pool heater. An example of a solar pool heater. You can significantly reduce swimming pool heating costs by...

  11. Swimming Pool Heating | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Swimming Pool Heating Swimming Pool Heating You can reduce the cost of heating your swimming pool by installing a high-efficiency or solar heater, using a pool cover, managing the ...

  12. Solar pool heating | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar pool heating Jump to: navigation, search Pool Heating is a great use for solar energy. Solar pool heating systems can be very effective and inexpensive. The pool itself is...

  13. Swimming Pool Covers | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of heating pools with and without pool covers in different U.S. cities: Estimating Heat Pump Swimming Pool Heater Costs and Savings Estimating Swimming Pool Gas Heating Costs...

  14. Ocean Barrier Layers Effect on Tropical Cyclone Intensification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balaguru, Karthik; Chang, P.; Saravanan, R.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Xu, Zhao; Li, M.; Hsieh, J.

    2012-09-04

    Improving a tropical cyclone's forecast and mitigating its destructive potential requires knowledge of various environmental factors that influence the cyclone's path and intensity. Herein, using a combination of observations and model simulations, we systematically demonstrate that tropical cyclone intensification is significantly affected by salinity-induced barrier layers, which are 'quasi-permanent' features in the upper tropical oceans. When tropical cyclones pass over regions with barrier layers, the increased stratification and stability within the layer reduce storm-induced vertical mixing and sea surface temperature cooling. This causes an increase in enthalpy flux from the ocean to the atmosphere and, consequently, an intensification of tropical cyclones. On average, the tropical cyclone intensification rate is nearly 50% higher over regions with barrier layers, compared to regions without. Our finding, which underscores the importance of observing not only the upper-ocean thermal structure but also the salinity structure in deep tropical barrier layer regions, may be a key to more skillful predictions of tropical cyclone intensities through improved ocean state estimates and simulations of barrier layer processes. As the hydrological cycle responds to global warming, any associated changes in the barrier layer distribution must be considered in projecting future tropical cyclone activity.

  15. Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs - Biomass Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    05 June 2005 A Case Study: A Case Study: Warm Springs Warm Springs Cal Mukumoto Cal Mukumoto Warm Springs Forest Warm Springs Forest Products Industries Products Industries Warm Springs Indian Warm Springs Indian Reservation of Oregon Reservation of Oregon Warm Springs Forest Warm Springs Forest Products Industries (WSFPI) Products Industries (WSFPI) Enterprise of the Confederated Enterprise of the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon

  16. UPDATE: Tropical Storm Isaac

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Information on customer power outages and other impacts on the energy sector as Tropical Storm Isaac develops.

  17. Swimming Pool Covers | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Gas Heating Costs and Savings Use of a pool cover also can help reduce the size of a solar pool heating system, which can save money. How They Work Swimming pools lose energy in...

  18. Gas Swimming Pool Heaters | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and pool use, they may not be the most energy-efficient option when compared to heat pump and solar pool heaters. How They Work Gas pool heaters use either natural gas or...

  19. Jandy Pool Products: Order (2010-CE-1111)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Jandy Pool Products, Inc. to pay a $10,000 civil penalty after finding Jandy Pool Products had failed to certify that certain models of pool heaters comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  20. Gas Swimming Pool Heaters | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Gas Swimming Pool Heaters Gas-fired pool heaters remain the most popular system for heating swimming pools. Today you can find new gas-fired heater models with much higher...

  1. Gas Swimming Pool Heaters | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    How They Work Gas pool heaters use either natural gas or propane. As the pump circulates the pool's water, the water drawn from the pool passes through a filter and then to the ...

  2. A tropical influence on global climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, E.K.; Kirtman, B.P.; Lindzen, R.S.

    1997-05-15

    A potential influence of tropical sea surface temperature on the global climate response to a doubling of the CO{sub 2} concentration is tested using an atmospheric general circulation model coupled to a slab mixed layer ocean. The warming is significantly reduced when sea surface temperatures in the eastern equatorial Pacific cold tongue region between latitudes 2.25{degrees}N and 2.25{degrees}S are held at the control simulation values. Warming of the global mean temperature outside of the cold tongue region is reduced from 2.4{degrees}C in the unconstrained case to 1.9{degrees}C when the sea surface temperature constraint is applied. The decrease in the warming results from a positive net heat flux into the ocean cold tongue region and implicit heat storage in the subsurface ocean, induced by horizontal atmospheric heat fluxes. The reduced surface temperature warming outside of the cold tongue region is due to reduction in the downward longwave radiative flux at the surface, caused in turn by reduced atmospheric temperature and moisture. The global mean surface temperature responds to the heat storage in the ocean as if the global mean radiative forcing due to the doubled CO{sub 2} (approximately 4 W m{sup {minus}2}) was reduced by the value of the global mean heat flux into the ocean. This mechanism also provides a possible explanation for the observed high correlation on interannual timescales between the global mean tropospheric temperature and sea surface temperature in the eastern tropical Pacific. The results emphasize the importance of correctly modeling the dynamical processes in the ocean and atmosphere that help determine the sea surface temperature in the equatorial eastern Pacific, in addition to the thermodynamical processes, in projecting global warming. 23 refs., 8 figs.

  3. Patricia Poole-Shirriel | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Patricia Poole-Shirriel Team Leader, Human Resource Management Team Ms. Poole-Shirriel ... support specialist, responsible for all human resource and administrative functions. Ms. ...

  4. Global warming from HFC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, E.

    1998-11-01

    Using a variety of public sources, a computer model of hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerant emissions in the UK has been developed. This model has been used to estimate and project emissions in 2010 under three types of scenarios: (1) business as usual; (2) voluntary agreements to reduce refrigerant leakage; and (3) comprehensive regulations to reduce refrigerant leakage. This resulting forecast is that UK emissions of HFC refrigerants in 2010 will account for 2% to 4% of the UK`s 1990 baseline global warming contribution.

  5. Method of measuring a liquid pool volume

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Garcia, Gabe V.; Carlson, Nancy M.; Donaldson, Alan D.

    1991-01-01

    A method of measuring a molten metal liquid pool volume and in particular molten titanium liquid pools, including the steps of (a) generating an ultrasonic wave at the surface of the molten metal liquid pool, (b) shining a light on the surface of a molten metal liquid pool, (c) detecting a change in the frequency of light, (d) detecting an ultrasonic wave echo at the surface of the molten metal liquid pool, and (e) computing the volume of the molten metal liquid.

  6. Tropical Western Pacific

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    govSitesTropical Western Pacific TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Tropical Western Pacific-Inactive Manus, Papua New Guinea: 2° 3' 39.64" S, 147° 25' 31.43" E Nauru Island: 0° 31' 15.6" S, 166° 54' 57.60" E Darwin, Australia: 12° 25' 28.56" S, 130° 53'

  7. Report on Solar Pool Heating Quantitative Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Synapse Infusion Group, Inc.

    1999-05-06

    This report details the results of a quantitative research study undertaken to better understand the marketplace for solar pool-heating systems from the perspective of residential pool owners.

  8. Pool power control in remelting systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Williamson, Rodney L.; Melgaard, David K.; Beaman, Joseph J.

    2011-12-13

    An apparatus for and method of controlling a remelting furnace comprising adjusting current supplied to an electrode based upon a predetermined pool power reference value and adjusting the electrode drive speed based upon the predetermined pool power reference value.

  9. Solar Swimming Pool Heaters | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    annual operating costs. Actually, solar pool heating is the most cost-effective use of solar energy in many climates. How They Work Most solar pool heating systems include the...

  10. EA-098 Western Systems Power Pool | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EA-098 Western Systems Power Pool Order authorizing Western Systems Power Pool to export electric energy to Canada PDF icon EA- 98 Western Systems Power Pool More Documents & ...

  11. Managing Swimming Pool Temperature for Energy Efficiency | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Managing Swimming Pool Temperature for Energy Efficiency Managing Swimming Pool Temperature for Energy Efficiency May 29, 2012 - 7:42pm Addthis Managing Swimming Pool Temperature...

  12. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool In 2007, the Southwest Power Pool (SPP) formed the Customer Response Task Force (CRTF) ...

  13. EA-98-I Western Systems Power Pool | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Power Pool Order authorizing Western Systems Power Pool to export electric energy to Canada. PDF icon EA-98-I Western Systems Power Pool More Documents & Publications Application...

  14. Method of measuring a liquid pool volume

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Garcia, G.V.; Carlson, N.M.; Donaldson, A.D.

    1991-03-19

    A method of measuring a molten metal liquid pool volume and in particular molten titanium liquid pools is disclosed, including the steps of (a) generating an ultrasonic wave at the surface of the molten metal liquid pool, (b) shining a light on the surface of a molten metal liquid pool, (c) detecting a change in the frequency of light, (d) detecting an ultrasonic wave echo at the surface of the molten metal liquid pool, and (e) computing the volume of the molten metal liquid. 3 figures.

  15. The annual cycle in the tropical Pacific Ocean based on assimilated ocean data from 1983 to 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, T.M.; Chelliah, M.

    1995-06-01

    An analysis of the tropical Pacific Ocean from January 1983 to December 1992 is used to describe the annual cycle, with the main focus on subsurface temperature variations. Some analysis of ocean-current variations are also considered. Monthly mean fields are generated by assimilation of surface and subsurface temperature observations from ships and buoys. Comparisons with observations show that the analysis reasonably describes large-scale ocean thermal variations. Ocean currents are not assimilated and do not compare as well with observations. However, the ocean-current variations in the analysis are qualitatively similar to the known variations given by others. The authors use harmonic analysis to separate the mean annual cycle and estimate its contribution to total variance. The analysis shows that in most regions the annual cycle of subsurface thermal variations is larger than surface variations and that these variations are associated with changes in the depth of the thermocline. The annual cycle accounts for most of the total surface variance poleward of about 10{degrees} latitude but accounts for much less surface and subsurface total variance near the equator. Large subsurface annual cycles occur near 10{degrees}N associated with shifts of the intertropical convergence zone and along the equator associated with the annual cycle of equatorial wind stress. The hemispherically asymmetric depths of the 20{degrees}C isotherms indicate that the large Southern Hemisphere warm pool, which extends to near the equator, may play an important role in thermal variations on the equator. 51 refs., 18 figs., 1 tab.

  16. Evidence for island effects and diurnal signals in satellite images of clouds over the tropical western pacific

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barr-Kumarakulasinghe, S.A.; Reynolds, R.M.; Minnett, P.J.

    1996-04-01

    Instruments to measure atmospheric radiation and ancillary meteorological variables will be set up on Manus Island as the first site of the tropical western pacific (TWP) locale of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurements (ARM) program. Manus is in the {open_quotes}warm pool{close_quotes} region of the TWP. This region is critical in establishing global atmospheric circulation patterns and is a primary energy source for the Hadley and Walker cells. The myriad islands and enclosed seas in the immediate vicinity of Manus have been referred to as the {open_quotes}maritime continent{close_quotes}, which has the deepest convective activity in the world. Manus is in a region having a global impact on climate and where island effects on clouds are likely to be important. In this preliminary analysis we have sought evidence of island effects in the cloud fields around Manus and have studied the variability of the diurnal cycles of cloud cover over Manus and over other islands and areas of open sea in the region.

  17. Warm Springs Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Warm Springs Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Warm Springs Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  18. ARM - What Causes Global Warming?

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans What Causes Global Warming? On earth we get energy from the sun's light. As you know, it gets hot outside if the sun is shining brightly on a summer ...

  19. Global Warming and Human Health

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    American Geophysical Union Global Warming and Human Health WHEN: Jul 27, 2015 5:30 PM - ... Event Description The main reason we are concerned about human-induced climate change is ...

  20. EA-98-K Western Systems Power Pool | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    K Western Systems Power Pool EA-98-K Western Systems Power Pool Order authorizing Western Systems Power Pool to export electric energy to Canada. EA-98-K Western Systems Power Pool ...

  1. EA-98-L Western Systems Power Pool | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    L Western Systems Power Pool EA-98-L Western Systems Power Pool Order authorizing Western Systems Power Pool to export electric energy to Canada EA-98-L Western Systems Power Pool ...

  2. EA-98-G WESTERN SYSTEMS POWER POOL | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    G WESTERN SYSTEMS POWER POOL EA-98-G WESTERN SYSTEMS POWER POOL Order authorizing Western System Power Pool to export electric energy to Canada EA-98-G WESTERN SYSTEMS POWER POOL ...

  3. EA-98-H Western Systems Power Pool | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    H Western Systems Power Pool EA-98-H Western Systems Power Pool Order Authorizing Western Systems Power Pool to export electric energy to Canada EA-98-H Western Systems Power Pool ...

  4. EA-098-E Western Systems Power Pool | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    E Western Systems Power Pool EA-098-E Western Systems Power Pool Order authorizing Western Systems Power Pool to export electric energy to Canada EA- 98-E Western Systems Power Pool (13.43 KB) More Documents & Publications EA-98-G WESTERN SYSTEMS POWER POOL EA-98-F, Western Systems Power Pool EA-98-M Members of WSPP, Inc.

  5. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    LBNL-1470E Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool Ranjit Bharvirkar, Grayson Heffner and Charles Goldman Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Environmental Energy ...

  6. Cosmic Rays and Global Warming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sloan, T.; Wolfendale, A. W.

    2008-01-24

    Some workers have claimed that the observed temporal correlations of (low level) terrestrial cloud cover with the cosmic ray intensity changes, due to solar modulation, are causal. The possibility arises, therefore, of a connection between cosmic rays and Global Warming. If true, the implications would be very great. We have examined this claim in some detail. So far, we have not found any evidence in support and so our conclusions are to doubt it. From the absence of corroborative evidence we estimate that less than 15% at the 95% confidence level, of the 11-year cycle warming variations are due to cosmic rays and less than 2% of the warming over the last 43 years is due to this cause. The origin of the correlation itself is probably the cycle of solar irradiance although there is, as yet, no certainty.

  7. LinguisticBelief and PoolEvidence

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2008-03-11

    LinguisticBelief allows the creation and analysis of combinations of linguistic variables with epistemic uncertainty for decision making. The model is solved using approximate reasoning to implement the belief/plausibility measure of uncertainty for combinations of variables expressed as purely linguistic fuzzy sets. PoolEvidence pools evidence for linguistic variables from many experts for input into LinguisticBelief.

  8. EA-186-A New England Power Pool | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    -A New England Power Pool EA-186-A New England Power Pool Order authorizing New England Power Pool to export electric energy to Canada. EA-186-A New England Power Pool (728.53 KB) More Documents & Publications EA-98-I Western Systems Power Pool EA-98-K Western Systems Power Pool Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-298 New England Power Pool (NEPOOL)

  9. Warming up to solar energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biondo, B.

    1996-07-01

    Increasingly alarmed by threats to their financial security posed by an escalating number of weather-related catastrophes, major insurance companaies, particularly those in Europe and Asia, are starting to support a variety of measures that would slowe the production of grenhouse gases worlwide. As the insurance and banking industries turn their attention to global warming, investments in solar energy take on growing appeal.

  10. ARM - Campaign Instrument - acr-jpl

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Airborne Cloud Radar - JPL (ACR-JPL) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties Campaigns Tropical Warm Pool -...

  11. ARM - Facility News Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as remote measurements. Between September 7-9, ARM researchers and international collaborators involved in flight operations for the Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud...

  12. Apparatus for draining lower drywell pool water into suppresion pool in boiling water reactor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gluntz, Douglas M.

    1996-01-01

    An apparatus which mitigates temperature stratification in the suppression pool water caused by hot water drained into the suppression pool from the lower drywell pool. The outlet of a spillover hole formed in the inner bounding wall of the suppression pool is connected to and in flow communication with one end of piping. The inlet end of the piping is above the water level in the suppression pool. The piping is routed down the vertical downcomer duct and through a hole formed in the thin wall separating the downcomer duct from the suppression pool water. The piping discharge end preferably has an elevation at or near the bottom of the suppression pool and has a location in the horizontal plane which is removed from the point where the piping first emerges on the suppression pool side of the inner bounding wall of the suppression pool. This enables water at the surface of the lower drywell pool to flow into and be discharged at the bottom of the suppression pool.

  13. Warming trends: Adapting to nonlinear change

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jonko, Alexandra K.

    2015-01-28

    As atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations rise, some regions are expected to warm more than others. Research suggests that whether warming will intensify or slow down over time also depends on location.

  14. Hydrological consequences of global warming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Norman L.

    2009-06-01

    The 2007 Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change indicates there is strong evidence that the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide far exceeds the natural range over the last 650,000 years, and this recent warming of the climate system is unequivocal, resulting in more frequent extreme precipitation events, earlier snowmelt runoff, increased winter flood likelihoods, increased and widespread melting of snow and ice, longer and more widespread droughts, and rising sea level. The effects of recent warming has been well documented and climate model projections indicate a range of hydrological impacts with likely to very likely probabilities (67 to 99 percent) of occurring with significant to severe consequences in response to a warmer lower atmosphere with an accelerating hydrologic cycle.

  15. Managing Swimming Pool Temperature for Energy Efficiency | Department...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    only affects the size of the pool's heater, but also your heating costs if use a gas or heat pump pool heater. Pool water temperatures typically range from 78F to 82F. The...

  16. EA-98-J Western Systems Power Pool | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    J Western Systems Power Pool EA-98-J Western Systems Power Pool Order authorizing Western Systems Power Pool to export electric energy to Canada PDF icon EA-98-J Western Systems ...

  17. Managing Swimming Pool Temperature for Energy Efficiency | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    affects the size of the pool's heater, but also your heating costs if use a gas or heat pump pool heater. Pool water temperatures typically range from 78F to 82F. The...

  18. EA-098-D Western Systems Power Pool | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    D Western Systems Power Pool EA-098-D Western Systems Power Pool Order authorizing Western Systems Power Pool to export electric energy to Canada PDF icon EA- 98-D Western Systems ...

  19. EA-98-F, Western Systems Power Pool | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    F, Western Systems Power Pool EA-98-F, Western Systems Power Pool Order authorizing Western Systems Power Pool to export electric energy to Canada PDF icon EA-98-F, Western Systems ...

  20. EA-98-C Western Systems Power Pool | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    C Western Systems Power Pool EA-98-C Western Systems Power Pool Order authorizing Western Systems Power Pool to export electricity to Canada PDF icon EA-98-C Western Systems Power ...

  1. Solar Swimming Pool Heaters | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    A solar collector -- the device through which pool water is circulated to be heated by the sun A filter -- removes debris before water is pumped through the collector A pump -- ...

  2. Swimming Pool Covers | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... They can be transparent or opaque. Covers can even be light or dark colored. One of the ... Outdoor pools gain heat from the sun, absorbing 75%-85% of the solar energy striking the ...

  3. Performance Study of Swimming Pool Heaters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDonald, R.J.

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this report is to perform a controlled laboratory study on the efficiency and emissions of swimming pool heaters based on a limited field investigation into the range of expected variations in operational parameters. Swimming pool heater sales trends have indicated a significant decline in the number of conventional natural gas-fired swimming pool heaters (NGPH). On Long Island the decline has been quite sharp, on the order of 50%, in new installations since 2001. The major portion of the decline has been offset by a significant increase in the sales of electric powered heat pump pool heaters (HPPH) that have been gaining market favor. National Grid contracted with Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) to measure performance factors in order to compare the relative energy, environmental and economic consequences of using one technology versus the other. A field study was deemed inappropriate because of the wide range of differences in actual load variations (pool size), geographic orientations, ground plantings and shading variations, number of hours of use, seasonal use variations, occupancy patterns, hour of the day use patterns, temperature selection, etc. A decision was made to perform a controlled laboratory study based on a limited field investigation into the range of expected operational variations in parameters. Critical to this are the frequency of use, temperature selection, and sizing of the heater to the associated pool heating loads. This would be accomplished by installing a limited amount of relatively simple compact field data acquisition units on selected pool installations. This data included gas usage when available and alternately heater power or gas consumption rates were inferred from the manufacturer's specifications when direct metering was not available in the field. Figure 1 illustrates a typical pool heater installation layout.

  4. San Luis Bay Estates Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Estates Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name San Luis Bay Estates Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility San Luis Bay...

  5. Jacumba Hot Springs Health Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jacumba Hot Springs Health Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Jacumba Hot Springs Health Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

  6. Steamboat Springs Health and Rec. Pool & Spa Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Springs Health and Rec. Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Steamboat Springs Health and Rec. Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

  7. Bald Mountain Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bald Mountain Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Bald Mountain Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  8. Blue Mountain Hot Spring Guest Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Blue Mountain Hot Spring Guest Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  9. Camas Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Camas Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Camas Hot...

  10. Camperworld Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Camperworld Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Camperworld Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  11. Radium Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Radium Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Radium Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  12. Indian Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Indian Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Indian Springs Resort...

  13. Carson Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Carson Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Carson Hot...

  14. Baumgartner Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Baumgartner Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Baumgartner Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  15. Grover Hot Springs State Park Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hot Springs State Park Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Grover Hot Springs State Park Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  16. Twin Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Twin Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Twin Springs Resort...

  17. Wilbur Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wilbur Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Wilbur Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Wilbur...

  18. Lava Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lava Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Lava Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Lava Hot...

  19. Harbin Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Harbin Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Harbin Hot...

  20. Burgdorf Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Burgdorf Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Burgdorf Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  1. Avila Hot Springs Spa & RV Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Avila Hot Springs Spa & RV Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Avila Hot Springs Spa & RV Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature...

  2. Goldmeyer Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Goldmeyer Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Goldmeyer Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  3. Palm Springs Spa Resort Casino Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Palm Springs Spa Resort Casino Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Palm...

  4. Hot Springs State Park Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Hot Springs State Park Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Hot Springs State...

  5. Waunita Hot Springs Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Waunita Hot Springs Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Waunita Hot Springs Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  6. Como Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Como Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Como Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Como...

  7. Red River Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Red River Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Red River Hot...

  8. Lehman Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lehman Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Lehman Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Lehman...

  9. Ouray Municipal Pool Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Municipal Pool Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Ouray Municipal Pool Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  10. Doe Bay Village Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Doe Bay Village Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Doe Bay Village Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  11. List of Solar Pool Heating Incentives | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    List of Solar Pool Heating Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 117 Solar Pool Heating Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 117) Incentive Incentive Type...

  12. Stewart Mineral Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Stewart Mineral Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Stewart...

  13. Kaiser Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kaiser Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Kaiser Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Kaiser...

  14. Fairmont Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Fairmont Hot Springs Resort Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Anaconda, Montana Coordinates...

  15. Auburn Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Auburn Hot Spring Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Auburn, Wyoming Coordinates...

  16. Horse Creek Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Creek Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Horse Creek Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  17. Bear Trap Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Trap Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Bear Trap Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Bear...

  18. Salmon Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Salmon Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Salmon Hot...

  19. Granite Creek Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Creek Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Granite Creek Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  20. Challis Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Challis Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Challis Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  1. Alive Polarity's Murrietta Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alive Polarity's Murrietta Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Alive Polarity's Murrietta Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low...

  2. River Inn Natural Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inn Natural Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name River Inn Natural Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  3. Broadwater Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Broadwater Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Broadwater...

  4. Baker's Bar M Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Baker's Bar M Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Baker's Bar M Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Baker's Bar M...

  5. California Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name California Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility California Hot...

  6. Sol Duc Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sol Duc Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Sol Duc Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Sol...

  7. Fire Water Lodge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lodge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Fire Water Lodge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Fire Water Lodge...

  8. Verde Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Verde Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Verde Hot Springs...

  9. Hunt's Ash Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hunt's Ash Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Hunt's Ash Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Hunt's...

  10. Jackson Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Jackson Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Jackson Hot...

  11. Buckhorn Mineral Wells Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Buckhorn Mineral Wells Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Buckhorn Mineral Wells Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  12. Robinson Bar Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Robinson Bar Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Robinson Bar Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Robinson Bar...

  13. Wheeler Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Wheeler Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Wheeler Hot...

  14. Sleeping Child Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Sleeping Child Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Sleeping...

  15. Crystal Crane Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Crystal Crane Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Crystal Crane Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  16. Warner Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Warner Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Warner Springs Sector...

  17. Medicine Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Medicine Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Medicine Hot...

  18. Brockway Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brockway Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Brockway Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  19. Green Canyon Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Green Canyon Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Green Canyon Hot...

  20. White Sulphur Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name White Sulphur Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility White...

  1. Mountain Spa Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spa Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Mountain Spa Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Mountain Spa...

  2. Bagby Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bagby Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Bagby Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Bagby...

  3. The Homestead Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Homestead Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name The Homestead Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility The...

  4. Ritter Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ritter Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Ritter Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Ritter...

  5. Trimble Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Trimble Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Trimble Hot...

  6. Riverside Inn Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inn Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Riverside Inn Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Riverside Inn Sector...

  7. Jackalope Plunge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jackalope Plunge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Jackalope Plunge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Jackalope...

  8. Banbury Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Banbury Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Banbury Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  9. Furnace Creek Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Furnace Creek Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Furnace Creek...

  10. Mystic Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Mystic Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Mystic Hot Springs Sector...

  11. Tassajara Buddhist Meditation Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tassajara Buddhist Meditation Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Tassajara Buddhist Meditation Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

  12. Frank Nixon Residence Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Frank Nixon Residence Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Frank Nixon Residence Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  13. Murphy Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Murphy Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Murphy Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Murphy...

  14. Orr Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Orr Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Orr Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Orr Hot...

  15. Chico Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Chico Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Chico Hot Springs Sector...

  16. Elkhorn Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elkhorn Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Elkhorn Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  17. Cody Athletic Club Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cody Athletic Club Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Cody Athletic Club Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Cody...

  18. Vichy Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Vichy Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Vichy Hot Springs Sector...

  19. Campbell Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Campbell Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Campbell...

  20. Lincoln Avenue Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lincoln Avenue Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Lincoln Avenue Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  1. Bowers Mansion Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bowers Mansion Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Bowers Mansion Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Bowers Mansion...

  2. Circle Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Circle Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Circle Hot Springs Sector...

  3. Camp Aqua Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Aqua Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Camp Aqua Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Camp Aqua Sector Geothermal...

  4. Bozeman Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bozeman Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Bozeman Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  5. Dunton Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Dunton Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Dunton Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Dunton...

  6. Matilija Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Matilija Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Matilija Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  7. Chena Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Chena Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Chena Hot Springs Sector...

  8. Mercey Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mercey Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Mercey Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Mercey...

  9. Jones Splashland Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Splashland Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Jones Splashland Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Jones Splashland...

  10. Town of Tecopa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tecopa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Town of Tecopa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Town of Tecopa Sector...

  11. Steamboat Villa Hot Springs Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Villa Hot Springs Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Steamboat Villa Hot Springs Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  12. Belknap Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Belknap Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Belknap Hot...

  13. Evan's Plunge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Evan's Plunge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Evan's Plunge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Evan's Plunge...

  14. Bronze Boot Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bronze Boot Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Bronze Boot Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Bronze Boot...

  15. Castle Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Castle Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Castle Hot...

  16. Drakesbad Guest Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Drakesbad Guest Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Drakesbad Guest Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  17. International Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name International Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility International Spa...

  18. Crystal Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Crystal Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Crystal Hot...

  19. The Saratoga Inn Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Saratoga Inn Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name The Saratoga Inn Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility The Saratoga...

  20. Austin Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Austin Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Austin Hot...

  1. Cement Creek Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cement Creek Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Cement Creek Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Cement...

  2. Goddard Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Goddard Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Goddard Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Goddard Sector Geothermal...

  3. Bashfords Hot Mineral Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bashfords Hot Mineral Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Bashfords Hot Mineral Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  4. Heise Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Heise Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Heise Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Heise...

  5. Downatta Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Downatta Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Downatta Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  6. Steele Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Steele Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Steele Hot...

  7. Sierra Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Sierra Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Sierra Hot...

  8. Hot Creek Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Hot Creek Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Hot Creek Sector Geothermal energy...

  9. Boulder Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Boulder Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Boulder Hot Springs...

  10. Mono Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Mono Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Mono Hot...

  11. Fountain of Youth Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Fountain of Youth Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Fountain of Youth...

  12. Darrough Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Darrough Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Darrough Hot Springs...

  13. Roman Spa Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spa Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Roman Spa Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  14. Tolovana Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tolovana Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Tolovana Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  15. Chief Washakie Plunge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Washakie Plunge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Chief Washakie Plunge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Chief...

  16. Miracle Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Miracle Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Miracle Hot Springs...

  17. Home Hotel and Motel Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hotel and Motel Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Home Hotel and Motel Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Home...

  18. Symes Hotel and Medicinal Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Symes Hotel and Medicinal Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Symes Hotel and Medicinal Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature...

  19. Glenwood Hot Springs Hotel Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hotel Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Glenwood Hot Springs Hotel Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Glenwood...

  20. Aqua Caliente County Park Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Aqua Caliente County Park Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Aqua Caliente County Park Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  1. Baileys Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Baileys Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Baileys Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  2. Spa Motel Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spa Motel Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Spa Motel Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Spa Motel Sector...

  3. Veyo Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Veyo Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Veyo Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Veyo Resort Sector...

  4. Notaras Lodge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Notaras Lodge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Notaras Lodge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Notaras Lodge...

  5. Safford Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Safford Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Safford Sector Geothermal energy...

  6. Sawtooth Lodge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sawtooth Lodge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Sawtooth Lodge Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Sawtooth Lodge...

  7. The Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name The Spa Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility The Spa Sector Geothermal energy...

  8. Soap Lake Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Soap Lake Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Soap Lake Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Soap Lake Sector...

  9. Tenakee Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tenakee Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Tenakee Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Tenakee Sector Geothermal...

  10. Greenbrier Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Greenbrier Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Greenbrier Sector Geothermal...

  11. Riverdale Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Riverdale Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Riverdale Resort...

  12. Lake Elsinore Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elsinore Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Lake Elsinore Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Lake Elsinore Sector...

  13. 4 UR Guest Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    UR Guest Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name 4 UR Guest Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility 4 UR Guest...

  14. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Tropical...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tropical Cloud Overlap Structure and Cloud Area Vogelmann, Andrew Brookhaven National Laboratory Jensen, Michael Brookhaven National Laboratory Boer, Erwin LUEBEC The Tropical ...

  15. Integrated assessment of global warming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ott, K.O.

    1996-12-31

    The anomalies of sea surface temperatures, which show a warming trend since the 1850s through the decade 1960/70 of {Delta}SST {approximately} 0.3 C, are complemented by changes of the ground surface temperature ({Delta}GST). The global surface temperature change, based on these data, allows an integrated assessment of the associated increase in black-body irradiance and a comparison with the enhanced greenhouse-gas back-scattering. Information on the GST history is obtained from unfolding analyses of underground temperature distributions measured in 90 boreholes in Alaskan permafrost and Canadian bedrock. These analyses show GST increases ({Delta}GST) since the 19th century through 1960/70 of 3 C on average, with standard deviations of +1.8 C and {minus}0.9 C on the high and low end respectively. The onset of the warming trend, which is uncertain in the GST data, is timed more accurately by detailed length records of large valley glaciers in the US and the Alps. Evaluation of the heat capacities and heat transfer indicates that the temperature response to an increase in radiative forcing must be much larger on land than on the sea. Conversely, the observed large ratio of {Delta}GST and {Delta}SST can only be explained by increased radiative forcing. From 1960/70 through the warmest decade on record, 1980/90, global {Delta}SST and {Delta}SAT have further increased to 0.6 C and 0.8 C respectively, But, the most recent GST data are not accurate enough to extend the comparison through 1990. Calculation of the increase of radiative forcing from back-scattering of greenhouse gases for 1850 to 1970 yields 1.3 W/cm{sup 2}. The increase in black-body irradiance from 3.6 C warming on land and 0.3 C on sea provides the required balance. The warming on land of 3.6 C is larger than the average value of 3.0 C, but well within the observed range.

  16. EA-186 New England Power Pool | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6 New England Power Pool EA-186 New England Power Pool Order authorizing New England Power Pool to export electric energy to Canada. EA-186 New England Power Pool (14.54 KB) More Documents & Publications EA-232 OGE Energy Resources Inc EA-220-A NRG Power Marketing, Inc

  17. Managing Swimming Pool Temperature for Energy Efficiency | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Managing Swimming Pool Temperature for Energy Efficiency Managing Swimming Pool Temperature for Energy Efficiency Managing Swimming Pool Temperature for Energy Efficiency The water temperature you desire for your swimming pool not only affects the size of the pool's heater, but also your heating costs if use a gas or heat pump pool heater. Pool water temperatures typically range from 78ºF to 82ºF. The American Red Cross recommends a temperature of 78ºF for competitive swimming.

  18. Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Warm Dense Matter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Warm Dense Matter Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Warm Dense Matter Print Wednesday, 25 April 2012 00:00 Being neither solid, liquid, gas, nor plasma, warm dense matter (WDM) occupies a no man's land in the map of material phases. Its temperature can range between that of planetary cores (tens of thousands K) to that of stellar cores (hundreds of thousands K). Not only is it prevalent throughout the universe, it is relevant to inertial confinement fusion (ICF) and material

  19. Linkages of Remote Sea Surface Temperatures and Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity Mediated by the African Monsoon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taraphdar, Sourav; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Hagos, Samson M.

    2015-01-28

    Warm sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in North Atlantic and Mediterranean (NAMED) can influence tropical cyclone (TC) activity in the tropical East Atlantic by modulating summer convection over western Africa. Analysis of 30 years of observations show that the NAMED SST is linked to a strengthening of the Saharan heat low and enhancement of moisture and moist static energy in the lower atmosphere over West Africa, which favors a northward displacement of the monsoonal front. These processes also lead to a northward shift of the African easterly jet that introduces an anomalous positive vorticity from western Africa to the main development region (50W20E; 10N20N) of Atlantic TC. By modulating multiple processes associated with the African monsoon, this study demonstrates that warm NAMED SST explains 8% of interannual variability of Atlantic TC frequency. Thus NAME SST may provide useful predictability for Atlantic TC activity on seasonal-to-interannual time scale.

  20. Global Warming Solutions Inc previously Southern Investments...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solutions Inc previously Southern Investments Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Global Warming Solutions Inc (previously Southern Investments Inc) Place: Houston, Texas...

  1. Nuclear energy output slows as climate warms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kramer, David

    2014-06-01

    New reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the US government say the window is closing for actions to avert the worst effects of warming.

  2. End Calorimeter Warm Tube Heater

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Primdahl, K.; /Fermilab

    1991-08-06

    The Tevatron accelerator beam tube must pass through the End Calorimeter cryostats of the D-Zero Collider Detector. Furthermore, the End Calorimeter cryostats must be allowed to roll back forty inches without interruption of the vacuum system; hence, the Tev tube must slide through the End Calorimeter cryostat as it is rolled back. The Tev pass through the End Calorimeter can actually be thought of as a cluster of concentric tubes: Tev tube, warm (vacuum vessel) tube, IS layers of superinsulation, cold tube (argon vessel), and Inner Hadronic center support tube. M. Foley generated an ANSYS model to study the heat load. to the cryostat. during collider physics studies; that is, without operation of the heater. A sketch of the model is included in the appendix. The vacuum space and superinsulation was modeled as a thermal solid, with conductivity derived from tests performed at Fermilab. An additional estimate was done. by this author, using data supplied by NR-2. a superinsulation manufacturer. The ANSYS result and hand calculation are in close agreement. The ANSYS model was modified. by this author. to incorporate the effect of the heater. Whereas the earlier model studied steady state operation only. the revised model considers the heater-off steady state mode as the initial condition. then performs a transient analysis with a final load step for time tending towards infinity. Results show the thermal gradient as a function of time and applied voltage. It should be noted that M. Foley's model was generated for one half the warm tube. implying the tube to be symmetric. In reality. the downstream connection (relative to the collision point) attachment to the vacuum shell is via several convolutions of a 0.020-inch wall bellows; hence. a nearly adiabatic boundary condition. Accordingly. the results reported in the table reflect extrapolation of the curves to the downstream end of the tube. Using results from the ANSYS analysis, that is, tube temperature and

  3. Spent fuel pool analysis using TRACE code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanchez-Saez, F.; Carlos, S.; Villanueva, J. F.; Martorell, S.

    2012-07-01

    The storage requirements of Spent Fuel Pools have been analyzed with the purpose to increase their rack capacities. In the past, the thermal limits have been mainly evaluated with conservative codes developed for this purpose, although some works can be found in which a best estimate code is used. The use of best estimate codes is interesting as they provide more realistic calculations and they have the capability of analyzing a wide range of transients that could affect the Spent Fuel Pool. Two of the most representative thermal-hydraulic codes are RELAP-5 and TRAC. Nowadays, TRACE code is being developed to make use of the more favorable characteristics of RELAP-5 and TRAC codes. Among the components coded in TRACE that can be used to construct the model, it is interesting to use the VESSEL component, which has the capacity of reproducing three dimensional phenomena. In this work, a thermal-hydraulic model of the Maine Yankee spent fuel pool using the TRACE code is developed. Such model has been used to perform a licensing calculation and the results obtained have been compared with experimental measurements made at the pool, showing a good agreement between the calculations predicted by TRACE and the experimental data. (authors)

  4. Weld pool oscillation during pulsed GTA welding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aendenroomer, A.J.R.; Ouden, G. den

    1996-12-31

    This paper deals with weld pool oscillation during pulsed GTA welding and with the possibility to use this oscillation for in-process control of weld penetration. Welding experiments were carried out under different welding conditions. During welding the weld pool was triggered into oscillation by the normal welding pulses or by extra current pulses. The oscillation frequency was measured both during the pulse time and during the base time by analyzing the arc voltage variation using a Fast Fourier Transformation program. Optimal results are obtained when full penetration occurs during the pulse time and partial penetration during the base time. Under these conditions elliptical overlapping spot welds are formed. In the case of full penetration the weld pool oscillates in a low frequency mode (membrane oscillation), whereas in the case of partial penetration the weld pool oscillates in a high frequency mode (surface oscillation). Deviation from the optimal welding conditions occurs when high frequency oscillation is observed during both pulse time and base time (underpenetration) or when low frequency oscillation is observed during both pulse time and base time (overpenetration). In line with these results a penetration sensing system with feedback control was designed, based on the criterion that optimal weld penetration is achieved when two peaks are observed in the frequency distribution. The feasibility of this sensing system for orbital tube welding was confirmed by the results of experiments carried out under various welding conditions.

  5. Global warming, insurance losses and financial industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Low, N.C.

    1996-12-31

    Global warming causes extremely bad weather in the near term. They have already caught the attention of the insurance industry, as they suffered massive losses in the last decade. Twenty-one out of the 25 largest catastrophes in the US, mainly in the form of hurricanes have occurred in the last decade. The insurance industry has reacted by taking the risk of global warming in decisions as to pricing and underwriting decisions. But they have yet to take a more active role in regulating the factors that contributes to global warming. How global warming can impact the financial industry and the modern economy is explored. Insurance and modern financial derivatives are key to the efficient functioning of the modern economy, without which the global economy can still function but will take a giant step backward. Any risk as global warming that causes economic surprises will hamper the efficient working of the financial market and the modern economy.

  6. POOL WATER TREATMENT AND COOLING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION DOCUMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    V. King

    2000-06-19

    The Pool Water Treatment and Cooling System is located in the Waste Handling Building (WHB), and is comprised of various process subsystems designed to support waste handling operations. This system maintains the pool water temperature within an acceptable range, maintains water quality standards that support remote underwater operations and prevent corrosion, detects leakage from the pool liner, provides the capability to remove debris from the pool, controls the pool water level, and helps limit radiological exposure to personnel. The pool structure and liner, pool lighting, and the fuel staging racks in the pool are not within the scope of the Pool Water Treatment and Cooling System. Pool water temperature control is accomplished by circulating the pool water through heat exchangers. Adequate circulation and mixing of the pool water is provided to prevent localized thermal hotspots in the pool. Treatment of the pool water is accomplished by a water treatment system that circulates the pool water through filters, and ion exchange units. These water treatment units remove radioactive and non-radioactive particulate and dissolved solids from the water, thereby providing the water clarity needed to conduct waste handling operations. The system also controls pool water chemistry to prevent advanced corrosion of the pool liner, pool components, and fuel assemblies. Removal of radioactivity from the pool water contributes to the project ALARA (as low as is reasonably achievable) goals. A leak detection system is provided to detect and alarm leaks through the pool liner. The pool level control system monitors the water level to ensure that the minimum water level required for adequate radiological shielding is maintained. Through interface with a demineralized water system, adequate makeup is provided to compensate for loss of water inventory through evaporation and waste handling operations. Interface with the Site Radiological Monitoring System provides continuous

  7. Poole-frenkel piezoconductive element and sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Habermehl, Scott D.

    2004-08-03

    A new class of highly sensitive piezoconductive strain sensor elements and sensors has been invented. The new elements function under conditions such that electrical conductivity is dominated by Poole-Frenkel transport. A substantial piezoconductive effect appears in this regime, allowing the new sensors to exhibit sensitivity to applied strain as much as two orders of magnitude in excess of prior art sensors based on doped silicon.

  8. Behavior of spent nuclear fuel in water pool storage (Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Behavior of spent nuclear fuel in water pool storage Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Behavior of spent nuclear fuel in water pool storage You are accessing a document ...

  9. Heat Pump Swimming Pool Heaters | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Pump Swimming Pool Heaters Heat Pump Swimming Pool Heaters How a heat pump works. How a heat pump works. How They Work Heat pumps use electricity to capture heat and move it from ...

  10. Behavior of Spent Nuclear Fuel in Water Pool Storage

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Behavior of Spent Nuclear Fuel in Water Pool Storage A. 0; Johnson, jr. , I ..: . Prepared ... I . , I BEHAVIOR OF SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL I N WATER POOL STORAGE by A. B. Johnson, J r . ...